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NEW ENGLAND 



TSm Zniliim Wtortt'Ceninilgilcal Socfets, 



FOE THE YEAE 186 



VOLUME XVII. 




ALBANY: 
.1. MUNSELL, 78 STATE STHEBT. 



- •_ • • 






• • • • 
• • • 






• • • • • 



$iiblis|[inj) ^rnmjtmtnt fiofr 1863« 



SHCtov, 
JOHN WARD DEAN. 

CommCttee, 
WILLIAM BLAKE TBASK, CHARLES HUDSON, 



ELIAS NASON, 



JOHN WARD DEAN, 



WILLIAM HENRT WUITMORE. 



296094 



GENERAL INDEX. 



■ of Pomx it Iha and of tha tMvim.] 



flmaiiM. Tnttrlwtd, m«D 
Imaion, rwptct fiir, Xlii, : 



Popt ftunllf. IMS. 

Itaporu af iJii Adjutant ntoortl otH 

oVuMK (1S4;i and IBl.i), ^1. 

R«lMrt> ot Ibc AdjuUDl OtDcrsl <K RIK>1 



«. 'Iiiftfhfi at rHIlreTt In. IT 
M Clil) Wu, HMlm oC W, 

Aubt LM of Ibt WvAkb MaM, br '^i' 
hn^blh BMon of. bj Ultia° 1 

rMito(,iici(tei>f IH. 
But, Mn. Nur. NMDoIr of, m. 
Bmlio'i Samoa bIW (ha dincug of tUr. R. 

Brmun-i Addnw. UxUul IniUtnllitD, Yila 



ito^ar;""" „" _, 



Pudi? 



, mdarr of. tiT Maitboi". 3 

th< 1>1iIUBGDl. naif and p 

'ITu. <l«&), brlc/nmnl or noDi 



Hu1>knKlni.U&baU»adlinwar.M. 

HMorksl MafulDa, TO]. Il , W. 

HMoriaJ njTih nspanlna Hevnaa. br 

miUfff ^ofy iag PhlUtfi Wu. br Iba lU- 



Thoiighu(oc[biifmH.,bf J. P.BKboaMS. 

Towno'i Gennoti on Bar. Tliiwiora Tabbali, 
I Ttimint Qoutarlr BaaMar. IM. 

War pampblaU. br BlIDi and ITIanden, IM. 
I Wblta, Uaul W. (]., Taortd ot. IM. 

I Baani.'l]aa. artnniusDoUcaolL2M. 
Gandlar Kuiucrlpt. 43. 
Cuatocua of Kar. Akhtti KlKsta(*MUi'( bosti, 

' CanlaDnlal and aUnr CatabnOoo*- 

Dernanlrton, M, M, 
, Fort Pophun, Uo., B7. 

ChandiiT. Hot.'Bamiul. eitraeta tnoi dlaif ot SH. 
Cbital chunb, C^mbrUaa. US. 
UdddLu'i HMotT ut UD. 



'E'^ir^of 1 




CurraDt'llO, iis. 3T. 

pFOFlim. AnhMitauo. iDd bl> bntba. ltd. 



J(>iiH'iNotuinB>lKiiim.e>Jluilbt aba,37 
L>*)cn of NalH. »<u br Vlllh, S9S. 
LcajniBof Btatfla,b]r LoMoa, 381- 

PmaadlBIBarflMl. iwa).28a. 
MUton. i;«laBiiUI Xddcaaa, br Robblna, 103. 
Hannona anncatad bj tba calabnlJon al, 

Mant^omaj tUailjt hj T. H. UoDtpmiarr, 

Nav Eoi^aad. Bcdaabitlal HiitDrj of. br 



Haw Totk, MeiUal RagUttT a««I). by Tucker, 



^!S'.li'' 



QENBBAI. IHDEX. 



■OB-tM. 

Lhh bnU; jmnm, 3M,m. 

Brii4in^toT. JoBUtw aT3I) 300. 
IlnM'81lu(lT7«i.U. 
Dndlsr. J' (Iran, SH- 
XUht- WlUhn mni, S3. 
HifaBM. mobanjflMSI.IJ. 
Jabnon, Tbomu IITM), &i. 

nontMi, B«r. Tbif^ nST«-n. »■ 



^ 



. ,~-w n8T«-7). ] 
m (!««>. tel. _ 

t'vwDnm Vbrw, HbdiHl <l0O&'01)t 139. 

Ua. lukn asan. u. 

n ud Ladr Juh On>t. 831. 
.^»^pa, OB Iha vrwmUDn of. IW. 

niNcn udpHthi. TkJTS. in. Zia. 3M. 
Btrtlii *Dd Dnthi (l TuDntno. 31. 131. 
Hulm or (Ih N«w Koglud Hinoilc*] Sodgl 
Bncl, Hm. Buniud, isa 
DubBloB. OHpt. John rndale. IIL 

AuMT. H<Mi.%uuuii. sas. 

Viu^ Iter. CtnTcn, D. D.. 3U. 

Olmr. UoTd, IB. 

Nnrbm. Hon. Mnrd AkeqiIoi. IM. 

FntL bT. StiUmin, IBO. 

|ui>iir#iiiiuB b£iw, see. 

ncmpm. MdHT, SIS. 
Win. BjilinliB Unm, IBT. 

A^ldo*. Hon. willlvm. m. 

I«l^ Dr. Wtailow. "' 
Wkrd. Ad^w) Hiiuliur. 33L 
V-Mm. nkinali, 8T. 
Wsntwonb. Wlllbn, «6. 
WblKlHwoTlh, Rn. HkbHU 139. 
V«r Biwliinil Il&lorl«] ind 0«u*lDglixl Rr 
fMw.Hiitarj or— PMfc<»,3-ln,_ _ 



Hbw ILuDubJiv, GmmJ Aaomblr, tatl-aUio 
dBliw(iInr?jlaii»-l>), 319, 

BBW YoMi rilT, iM. f n » r w l r«onl< ot 88. 
IW Tort Hl.torfc.1 RjciMj- 
0»U«jof Finii*n»In,ai7. 
Unnx DoUrUdu of Mlnareh Snilptuni I 

ax. 

fMtamiitSit OairlalT OblluulH. 
Pblllp. u ■ fimdp buns, lA. 



Qoiirurlr Oblmnrlv, lA^ 17i. 'S!U ^S, 
FilBonib, nnw Portknfl, lli — ' 
PwlborTrna, 3U, «L 
WMb^^ld. 3S1. 3U. 
BtfninlflDBinM of jKOHfl Dmum 
Ronn OHMiilacr ■<•' dDdlK- n 
Bvmll, Jodfa. BumomiHU of. 30 
Ebr«, HtfriJDOi flnt InportHl In! 
Wm. roMv of BaMM, IITU). 
Iiouibwonb ndiBm, ^ZIO. 



Raprv Ogaj a lof f iDd Cudln- muiuKript, 43> 



piobmUoo 111. an. 
Dtkfl ar. 30:1. 

(ITM), 82. 



Lr/B.'§jSri'23». 

FitlahnLl. Rjchard. 33T. 

Bbc John. SiO. 
nice: Phlneai. Mo. 
TluDUglTiiis la HuachnMUi (1600-1). 213. 

1, 

:., 105, S!X 
rmiud, uo, 30. lu. 



Wtthwiilelil. Wl. .1U. 
Inltcd SUI» NiT)-, Rcu Admlnlx in. Ill, 
'■Hull tomlB Hul BinauQicbW. Oftmbrldio, 11^ 

TkIIj, B«. Dr, hli mlntHntiani. rcDott oC, 303. 
VbMlvIlEbt denl. noUn of. <!I. 

fif" " 



But CunbrldEn. 1U. 
"Story. 382. 
t'. Blduid, 33B. 



Blo«nphUl DlFlloiwrr, bf Drako. M. 



- . • • 



». • • 



1 • 



J " ■* V 



PREFACE. 



Less than nineteen years ago, the New England Historic-Genealo- 
gical Society was organized; and for seventeen years of its existence 
the Register has been regularly issued under its direction. The con- 
tribution that it has thus made to the historical and genealogical 
literature of our country is a just cause of pride. The seventeen 
closely printed volumes now before the public have preserved for 
future use many a valuable historical document that fire, vermin or 
the papermill had otherwise destroyed. But the preservation of the 
documents printed in its pages is only a small part of the service it 
has rendered to the cause of history. The taste for antiquarian pur- 
suits that it has disseminated in the community has led to the pre- 
servation of a much larger number of documents which remain un- 
published in private or public collections. The genealogical taste, 
too, that it has fostered among us has produced equally valuable re- 
sults. The number of persons that it has directly or indirectly led 
to collect the scattered fragments of their ancestral annals would 
probably astonish most of us could it be known. The stimulus it 
has furnished to these inquiries was opportune. Aged people 
in whose memories were treasured the facts which explain records 
and supply omissions during the middle and close of the last 
century — usually found the most difficult period for the New 
England genealogist — were fast passing away. Many of the fami- 
lies whose record is now quite full, could not have been connected 
with the early settlers had research been delayed half a century 
longer, or even to the present time. Those who would like to know 
how much has been done, since the formation of our society, in col- 
lecting and publishing the genealogies of American families are 



6 ^ JPreface. 

advised to examine the Handbook of American Genealogy by Mr. 

William H. Whitmorej.-fi member of our present publishing committee. 

In addition to th^-piiVtibbed genealogies, there are, at this time, a 

very large nn^np^ of- family histories, the result in a great measure 

of the taste, tq&plfed by our society and its publications, which are 

wholly or*-p^tialIy prepared, but which have not yet appeared in 

prjnjb. Some of these it will be the work of the Register to bring to 
• • • • 

.'l^g^'^i^nd thus permanently preserve, while others no doubt will 
... 

a'ppear as separate volumes. 

It will be observed that the Register was started soon after the 
formation of the society. Indeed, one of the three original members 
now surviving, Mr. William H. Montague, informs us that the pub- 
lication of a magazine was one of the objects contemplated by its 
founders. But in the first "Circular" of the society, printed Jan. 
28, 1846, just three weeks after its organization by the choice of 
officers — no allusion to a periodical is found; though a "Genea- 
logical and Biographical Dictionary or History of all New Eng- 
land Families " is there mentioned as in contemplation. The first 
action towards establishing a periodical that the records show was 
in the following autumn. On the 4th of November, 1845, on motion 
of Mr. Thornton, the recording secretary, it was voted : " That a 
committee of three be appointed to prepare a circular or prospectus 
for the publication of a journal under the auspices of the society, 
devoted to the printing of ancient documents, wills, genealogical 
and biographical sketches, and historical and antiquarian matter 
generally — and to report at the next meeting." The committee 
then appointed, consisted of the Rev. Samuel H. Riddel and Messrs. 
Samuel G. Drake and J. Wingate Thornton. Additions to it were 
made at subsequent meetings, among those added being the presi- 
dent of the society, Mr. Charles Ewer. At the next meeting, De. 
cember 3d, the Rev. Mr. Riddel, as chairman, made a written report 
which is now on file. The committee recommended the size and 
price which were finally adopted, namely, 96 octavo pages, quarterly, 
at two dollars a year; but the information then collected was not 
sufficient to venture an opinion whether subscribers enough could 
be procured to warrant commencing the publication. The committee 
was directed to continue its investigations. Later in the month 
arrangements were made with the Rev. David Reed, a member of the 
societ}', — then and now the publisher of the Christian Register^ a 
religious newspaper of the Unitarian denomination, — who agreed to 
issue a prospectus that the society might ascertain what encourage- 



Preface. 7 

ment, would be extended to the work. His prospectus for " The 
Oenealogical and Antiquarian Register, is now before us. It will be 
noticed that the words, New England, formed no part of the proposed 
title. The document is not dated, but " Circular Number Two " of 
the society informs us that it was issued '' on the anniversary of the 
landing of the Pilgrims." This prospectus differs but little from that 
printed on the cover of the Register for January, 1847. The titles, 
as will be observed, are different. In the former prospectus, sub- 
scription papers are to be returned to " David Reed, Christian Register 
offiu, Boston;" in the latter to " Samuel G. Drake, Publisher, 56 Corn- 
bill, Boston." Mr. Drake's prospectus, also, contains a few addi- 
tions, ^and there are other slight variations. 

The same day that this prospectus is said to have been put forth, 
December 22, 1846, a delegation from the society consisting of the 
Rev. Samuel H. Riddel and Messrs. Samuel 6. Drake, Solomon Lin- 
coln and Andrew H. Ward, attended, at Plymouth, the celebration of 
the 226th anniversary of the Pilgrim Landing. The subject of the 
proposed publication was brought to the attention of some of those 
present; and one of the delegates, we are informed, attempted to 
procure subscribers, but with small success. 

On the ITth of January, 1846, another report was made to the 
society, and is preserved. The committee thought that a publica- 
tion like that proposed, "if edited with the requisite labor and 
ability, and if issued by an enterprising publisher on his own respon- 
sibility" would " eventually secure an amount of patronage sufficient 
to render it a safe and successful undertaking;" and that the society 
" would have it in its power to render no inconsiderable encourage- 
ment * * * iu ways not involving pecuniary responsibility." 
It seems that Rev. Mr. Reed soon relinquished the idea of publishing 
the periodical — of the success of which we learn he was never 
very sanguine, — for on the 4th of February, about six weeks after 
his prospectus was issued, the committee reported that " progress in 
relation to procuring an editor and publisher was for the present put 
off." During the year, however, " a considerable number of volun- 
teer subscribers" was obtained. 

On the 2d of December, 1846, a letter was read from the Rev. 
James D. Farnsworth of Boxboro', offering to edit the magazine, but 
no action appears to have been taken on the offer. About this timet 
or soon after, negotiations were commenced with the Rev. William 
Cogswell, D. D., of Gilmanton, N. H., as editor and Mr. Samuel G. 
Drake of Boston, as publisher. Rev. Dr. Cogswell was then editor and 



6 .Preface. 

m 

advised to examine tlie Handbook of America/a Crenealogy bj Mr. 
William H. Whitmore,,-5i member of our present publishing- committee. 
In addition to the pu'b^iBhed genealogies, there are, at this time, a 
very large number of family histories, the result in a great measure 
of the taste in&pifed by our society and its publications, which are 
wholly or'pjUrtially prepared, but which have not yet appeared in 
print. 8ome of these it will be the work of the Register to bring to 
-li^ht'^and thus permanently preserve, while others no doubt will 
appear as separate volumes. 

It will be observed that the Register was started soon after the 
formation of the society. Indeed, one of the three original members 
now surviving, Mr. William H. Montague, informs us that the pub- 
lication of a magazine was one of the objects contemplated by its 
founders. But in the first '* Circular " of the society, printed Jan. 
28, 1846, just three weeks after its organization by the choice of 
officers — no allusion to a periodical is found; though a "Genea- 
logical and Biographical Dictionary or History of all New Eng- 
land Families " is there mentioned as in contemplation. The first 
action towards establishing a periodical that the records show was 
in the following autumn. On the 4th of November, 1846, on motion 
of Mr. Thornton, the recording secretary, it was voted : "That a 
committee of three be appointed to prepare a circular or prospectus 
for the publication of a journal under the auspices of the society, 
devoted to the printing of ancient documents, wills, genealogical 
and biographical sketches, and historical and antiquarian matter 
generally — and to report at the next meeting." The committee 
then appointed, consisted of the Rev. Samuel H. Riddel and Messrs. 
Samuel G. Drake and J. Wingate Thornton. Additions to it were 
made at subsequent meetings, among those added being the presi- 
dent of the society, Mr. Charles Ewer. At the next meeting, De- 
cember 3d, the Rev. Mr. Riddel, as chairman, made a written report 
which is now on file. The committee recommended the size and 
price which were finally adopted, namely, 96 octavo pages, quarterly, 
at two dollars a year; but the information then collected was not 
sufficient to venture an opinion whether subscribers enough could 
be procured to warrant commencing the publication. The committee 
was directed to continue its investigations. Later in the month 
arrangements were made with the Rev. David Reed, a member of the 
society, — then and now the publisher of the Christian Register^ a 
religious newspaper of the Unitarian denomination, — who agreed to 
issue a prospectus that the society might ascertain what encourage- 



Preface. 7 

ment, wonld be extended to the work. His prospectus for " The 
Genealogical and Antiquarian Register, is dow before us. It will be 
noticed that the words, New England, formed no part of the proposed 
title. The docament is not dated, but " Circular Number Two " of 
the society informs us that it was issued " on the anniversary of the 
landing of the Pilgrims." This prospectus differs but little from that 
printed on the cover of the Register for January, 1847. The titles, 
as will be observed, are difierent. In the former prospectus, sub- 
scription papers are to be returned to " David Reed, Christian Register 
ojffice, Boston;" in the latter to " Samuel G. Drake, Publisher, 66 Corn- 
bill, Boston." Mr. Drake's prospectus, also, contains a few addi- 
tions, ^and there are other slight variations. 

The same day that this prospectus is said to have been put forth, 
December 22, 1846, a delegation from the society consisting of the 
Rev. Samuel H. Riddel and Messrs. Samuel G. Drake, Solomon Lin- 
coln and Andrew H. Ward, attended, at Plymouth, the celebration of 
the 226th anniversary of the Pilgrim Landing. The subject of the 
proposed publication was brought to the attention of some of those 
present; and one of the delegates, we are informed, attempted to 
procure subscribers, but with small success. 

On the 17th of January, 1846, another report was made to the 
society, and is preserved. The committee thought that a publica- 
tion like that proposed, "if edited with the requisite labor and 
ability, and if issued by an enterprising publisher on his own respon- 
sibility" would " eventually secure an amount of patronage suflBcient 
to render it a safe and successful undertaking;" and that the society 
" would have it in its power to render no inconsiderable encourage- 
ment * * * in ways not involving pecuniary responsibility.'' 
It seems that Rev. Mr. Reed soon relinquished the idea of publishing 
the periodical — of the success of which we learn he was never 
very sanguine, — for on the 4th of February, about six weeks after 
his prospectus was issued, the committee reported that " progress in 
relation to procuring an editor and publisher was for the present put 
off." During the year, however, " a considerable number of volun- 
teer subscribers " was obtained. 

On the 2d of December, 1846, a letter was read from the Rev. 
James D. Farnsworth of Boxboro', offering to edit the magazine, but 
no action appears to have been taken on the offer. About this time» 
or soon after, negotiations were commenced with the Rev. William 
Cogswell, D. D., of Gilmanton, N. H., as editor and Mr. Samuel G. 
Drake of Boston, as publisher. Rev. Dr. Cogswell was then editor and 



6 ^ preface. 

. ; . 

advised to examine the 'Siamdook of American Genealogy by Mr. 

William H. Whitmore,jfi mfetnber of our present publishing committee. 
In addition to thQ.pii>tV^lled genealogies, there are, at this time, a 
very large nupil^te or family histories, the result in a great measure 
of the taste, ^ftplfed by our society and its publications, which are 
wholly or'-pjklially prepared, but which have not yet appeared in 
prjoijb. *§ome of these it will be the work of the Register to bring to 
.•l*g»t''and thus permanently preserve, while others no doubt will 
appear as separate volumes. 

It will be observed that the Register was started soon after the 
formation of the society. Indeed, one of the three original members 
now surviving, Mr. William H. Montague, informs us that the pub- 
lication of a magazine was one of the objects contemplated by its 
founders. But in the first " Circular " of the society, printed Jan. 
28, 1845, just three weeks after its organization by the choice of 
officers — no allusion to a periodical is found; though a '' Genea- 
logical and Biographical Dictionary or History of all New Eng- 
land Families " is there mentioned as in contemplation. The first 
action towards establishing a periodical that the records show was 
in the following autumn. On the 4th of November, 1846, on motion 
of Mr. Thornton, the recording secretary, it was voted : "That a 
committee of three be appointed to prepare a circular or prospectus 
for the publication of a journal under the auspices of the society, 
devoted to the printing of ancient documents, wills, genealogical 
and biographical sketches, and historical and antiquarian matter 
generally — and to report at the next meeting." The committee 
then appointed, consisted of the Rev. Samuel H. Riddel and Messrs. 
Samuel G. Drake and J. Wingate Thornton. Additions to it were 
made at subsequent meetings, among those added being the presi- 
dent of the society, Mr. Charles Ewer. At the next meeting, De- 
cember 3d, the Rev. Mr. Riddel, as chairman, made a written report 
which is now on file. The committee recommended the size and 
price which were finally adopted, namely, 96 octavo pages, quarterly, 
at two dollars a year; but the information then collected was not 
sufficient to venture an opinion whether subscribers enough could 
be procured to warrant commencing the publication. The committee 
was directed to continue its investigations. Later in the month 
arrangements were made with the Rev. David Reed, a member of the 
societ}', — then and now the publisher of the Christian Register^ a 
religious newspaper of the Unitarian denomination, — who agreed to 
issue a prospectus that the society might ascertain what encourage- 



Preface. 7 

ment, would be extended to the work. His prospectus for " The 
GEKEALOoicMi AND ANTIQUARIAN Registeb, is DOW before US. It will be 
noticed that the words, New England, formed no part of the proposed 
title. The document is not dated, but " Circular Number Two " of 
the society informs us that it was issued " on the anniversary of the 
landing of the Pilgrims." This prospectus differs but little from that 
printed on the cover of the Register for January, 1847. The titles, 
as will be observed, are different. In the former prospectus, sub- 
scription papers are to be returned to " David Reed, Christian Register 
efict, Boston;" in the latter to " Samuel G. Drake, Publisher, 66 Corn- 
hill, Boston." Mr. Drake's prospectus, also, contains a few addi- 
tions, *and there are other slight variations. 

The same day that this prospectus is said to have been put forth, 
December 22, 1845, a delegation from the society consisting of the 
ReT. Samuel H. Riddel and Messrs. Samuel G. Drake, Solomon Lin- 
coln and Andrew H. Ward, attended, at Plymouth, the celebration of 
the 225th anniversary of the Pilgrim Landing. The subject of the 
proposed publication was brought to the attention of some of those 
present; and one of the delegates, we are informed, attempted to 
procure subscribers, but with small success. 

On the 17th of January, 1846, another report was made to the 
society, and is preserved. The committee thought that a publica- 
tion like that proposed, "if edited with the requisite labor and 
ability, and if issued by an enterprising publisher on his own respon- 
sibility" would " eventually secure an amount of patronage sufficient 
to render it a safe and successful undertaking;" and that the society 
" would have it in its power to render no inconsiderable encourage- 
ment * * * in ways not involving pecuniary responsibility." 
It seems that Rev. Mr. Reed soon relinquished the idea of publishing 
the periodical — of the success of which we learn he was never 
very sanguine, — for on the 4th of February, about six weeks after 
his prospectus was issued, the committee reported that " progress in 
relation to pro«uring an editor and publisher was for the present put 
off." During the year, however, " a considerable number of volun- 
teer subscribers " was obtained. 

On the 2d of December, 1846, a letter was read from the Rev. 
James D. Farnsworth of Boxboro', offering to edit the magazine, but 
no action appears to have been taken on the offer. About this time» 
or soon after, negotiations were commenced with the Rev. William 
Cogswell, D. D., of Gilmanton, N. H., as editor and Mr. Samuel G. 
Drake of Boston, as publisher. Rev. Dr. Cogswell was then editor and 



\ 



8 Prtfact. 

proprietor of the New Hampshire Repositarff, an ecclesiastical and anti- 
qnariao qaarterlj, then in its second year, having been commenced 
October, 1845. It was supposed that by adding the subscription list of 
that work to the names that had already been obtained and that would 
be obtained for the new periodical, a liberal salary might be paid to 
an editor, and a suitable remuneration l»e realized by the publisher. 
Accordingly, on the 16th of December a contract was signed. Rev. 
Dr. Cogswell's salary was fixed at one thousand dollars. The 
January number was soon put to press, and was issued February 
6th, 1847. The result of the first year's experiment, we are informed, 
was a loss to the publisher. Very few of the subscribers to tbo 
Rtpoiiiory continued to patronize the Register, the character of the 
two works being difierent, while the price of the latter work was 
double that of the former. 

Mr. Drake finding by experience that the profits of the work were 
not sufficient to pay an editor an equivalent for his labor, took upon 
himself the editorial charge of the second volume. Two other 
members of the society edited portions of the third and fourth 
volume. With this exception, Mr. Drake edited and published the 
work to the close of the fifth volume.* 

Having it in contemplation to remove to New York the following 
spring, Mr. Drake, after completing the fifth volume, in October, 1851, 
surrendered the Register to the society. The Publishing committee 
then made arrangements with Mr. Thomas Prince, descended from 
the same family as the New England annalist and possessed like 
him of antiquarian tastes, to publish the sixth volume, the editors of 
which were to be chosen by the committee. The contemplated re- 



♦ The following facts relatiug to the Regiiter may interest its readers. The editors 
have been an follows : 1847, Rev. Dr. Cogswell; 1848, Mr. Drake ; 1849, Jan., Mr. 
Drake ; JprH, July and Oct., William Thaddous Harris, A.M.; 1850, Jan. , Mr. Drako ; 
Jlpril, July and Oct., Nathaniel B. Shartleff, M. D.; 1851, Mr. Drake; 1852, 
Jan. and April, Rev. Joseph 13. Felt, LL. D.; July, Hon. T. Farrar, A. M.; Oct., 
William B. Trask ; 1853, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, Mr. Drake; 1859, 18G0, W. B. Trask, Wm. 
H. Whitmore and John W. Dean; 18G1, Mr. Drake; 1862, /an., W. B. Trask; 
April, Rev. Elias Na^on, A. M. ; July, lion. Charles Hudson, A. M. ; Oct., J. W. 
Dean ; 18G3, J. W. Dean. 

The publi-shers have been ; vols, i to v, Mr. Drake ; vi, Thomas Prince; vii to x, 
Mr. Drake ; xi, Charles B. Richardson; xii to xv. Mr. Drake, xvi and xvii, Jool 
Muusell. All of these are now living, and are members of our society. 

A list of the Publishing Committees will be found in Vol. xvi, p. 289. 

The indices in vol. i were prepared by Rev. Dr. Cogswell. Mr. Drake prepared 
the indices of names in vols, ii to iv, and the general indices in vols, ii to v, and vii 
to XII, inolualvo. The other indices are by Mr Trask. 



Preface. 9 

moval not haying taken place, Mr. Drake was prevailed upon the 
next year to resume the publication which he continued, excepting 
one year, till the close of 1861. Since then Mr. Munsell of Albany, 
baa been the publisher, the society furnishing an editor. Mr. Munsell 
in offering to publish the work stated that he should not undertake 
the publication with the idea of deriying any profit from it, but 
rather as a contribution to a cause in which he felt a deep interest. 
The same feeling has influenced the editors who have gratuitx)usly 
contributed their services. 

To Mr. Munsell we are certainly under great obligations. He 
stepped forward at a time of unusual discouragement and has carried 
the Register through a critical period of its existence. A still 
greater debt, however, is due to Mr. Drake. For a large part of the 
time that the Register has been published, he has borne the pecuniary 
responsibility. Of the sixty-eight numbers that have been issued, 
fifty-two have been published by him. The editorial labor has also 
fallen largely upon him. Of thirty-eight numbers, or more than half 
the work, he has been the editor; and on many of the numbers edited 
by others, especially the early ones, his literary labor has been con- 
siderable. To most of the numbers he has contributed articles. 
The present editor — having been a member of the publishing com- 
mittee for nine years, a longer period than any other person,* and 
having had considerable knowledge of the mauagemcnt of tho 
Register before his connection with it — has had opportunities of 
learning something about the labor bestowed by Mr. Drake on the 
Register ^ and his pecuniary return for it; so that he can speak with 
sonae confidence on this point. 

Other members of the society, besides the publishers, have done 
much towards sustaining the work. Some have taken extra copies, 
some have assisted in increasing the subscription list, some have 
helped on the literary labor, and some have aided in other ways; yet 
it must be confessed that a large portion of them have not been 
active supporters of the work — perhaps from the fact that they 
have never been aware that it needed their support; for we should 
be loth to believe that there is any considerable number of our 
members who feel indifferent towards anything that promotes the 



♦ Next to him are the late Mr. David Hamblen and Messrs. William B. Trafik 
&Dd William U. Whitmore — the last two still on the committee, who have each 
served six years; the Rev. William Jenka, D. D., LL. D., who served five years ; and 
the Rev. Samuel H. Riddel, Mr. Frederic Kidder, the Hon. Timothy Farrar and the 
late Mr. Charles Ewer, four years each. 



kr 



10 Prt/ace. 

interest of the eocicty or aids its objects. Though members at 
not required by the constitution to subscribe for the Eegixter, jet vj 
C&n certainly appeal to them with more propriety than 1o others fd 
encouragement and assistance. A little effort on the part of each c 
them would have a wonderful effect on our future auccess. 

Many persona have expressed surprise that a periodical so wd 
known and appreciated as this is, should have ao small a subscriptioi 
list. This, probably, ia owing in a great measure to the nature i 
the work, which is adapted rather for reference than reading. As j 
may be found in public or private libraries, many who are iotercate 
in its contents manage to use it without owning it. We are ll 
formed that in some public libraries it is used more than any otb< 
periodical. Subscribers abroad have told us that many people vid 
them in the course of the year — not a few of thfm strangers — | 
consult the Rrguter. The numbers of such persons which they ma 
tion have really astonished us. We have no doubt, from these aa 
other facts, that if every person who has derived from a singl 
volume of the Itegulrr, information that he would not part with ft 
double its subscription price, bad been a subscriber to it, the publi 
would have had a better periodical, and he himself would have bee 
able to derive more profit from ite pages. 

The Rrgister, however, has had its sunshine as well as its shad 
If its subscription list has been small, that list baa borne maD 
names of eminence and worth ; and few periodicals have had £rmi 
friends. A large proportion of those who have ceased to be sal 
scribers, have only ceased to be such at death; while its losses by 
bad debts have bceu smaller than is usual with periodicals giving 
credit 

We have referred to the influence that the Register has exercised 
upon historical studies. That it has been of great service in 
fostering a taste for such pursuits, — not only in New England, but 
in other parts of our country, we have ample evidence. Among the 
testimonials of its usefulness in this respect, may bo cited that of 
the author of one of the most voluminous and best prepared local 
hiBtories yet published in the United States, who, writing some 
years ago, remarks: " I have been a student of the Segulcr * * 
ever since its first number; and to it, as much as anything, I owe 
the deep interest which I feel in historical and genealogical pur- 

StUtfl." 

Another result that may fairly be set down to the credit of our 
society, is the establishment of the Hutorical Magazine — an offshoot 



Preface. 11 

from the Register — now in its seventh year. This monthly periodical, 
which was commenced in Boston, hat was removed in 1858 to New 
York, has done and is now doing good service in the cause of anti- 
quarian and literary research. 

There is one characteristic of American genealogy, which the 
society and the Register have done mnch to encourage; namely, 
thoroughness. In other countries, too frequently, the pedigrees of a 
few familes only are preserved, and it is not attempted to make even 
these complete. With us it is different. Our genealogists endeavor 
to obtain full and precise records of their families. This of course 
makes the American collections of more service to the scientific in- 
quirer, than those of the old world. One of our New England writers 
thus remarks upon the result of such genealogical research and 
upon the influence of the Register: 

** When genealogy assumes, as it will, the broad and comprehen- 
live range of inquiry which belongs to, and ought to be embraced 
in the study, it will assume the rank and dignity of a science, show- 
ing the laws of physical development and its relation to mind and 
morals, thus exhibiting the causes and principles of progress and 
decay in the family and nation. 

" In this view, the transactions of this society, and the kindred 
publications appearing under and attributable to its fostering influ- 
ence, will present to the scientific genealogist, avast field of observa- 
tion, from which he will systemize great facts and deduce general 
laws of the highest moment in the improvement and elevation of man, 
showing not only what his condition is, — to which the present scope 
of statistical inquiry is limited, — but its causes and remedies." 

Even among us, however, too little attention is paid to the collec- 
tion of facts that will be of service in a scientific point of view. 
What facts are most important, our readers may learn from a very 
suggestive essay on Philosophical Genealogy prefixed to the " Shattuck 
Memorial " by the first vice-president of our society, the late Lemuel 
Shattuck, Esq., whose reputation as a statist is well known. 

Tlie important feature in all historical works is truth — correct- 
ness. We have aimed at this in conducting the Register, The 
ntroost care, however, does not prevent mistakes, as Sigma has 
shown. " It may afford," says he, " some consolation to publishers 
who in spite of all their vigilance and toil are reminded occasionally 
of corrigenda^ to know that the famed antiquarian, Sir William Dug- 
dale, whose accuracy was a proverb, after having devoted thirty 
jears to the preparation of his Baronage of England, sent the manu- 



12 Preface. 

script to Anthony Wood, the compiler of the Fasti and Athena Oa> 
onienns, who devoted an entire vacation to a rigid scrutiny of the 
work, and returned it with sixteen folio sheets of corrections and 
still more of additions." 

We believe that the Register contains as few errors as any other 
publication in which names and figures are principal features. We 
find, however, more errors than we could wish for; and, undoubtedly, 
many others escape our eye. To those who will point out any which 
they may discover, we shall feel truly grateful. It is our wish to 
correct them as fast as they are brought to our notice. A periodi- 
cal has an advantage, in this respect, over other publications. 

The war has had its efifcct on the Register as it has upon all Ameri- 
can magazines. It has called readers and contributors from their usual 
pursuits to the camp and to other service in aid of their country. 
They are now making history instead of studying it. Feeling that 
all which is valuable in our institutions is at stake, we can not but 
hope that the lessons and memories of the past will be cherished in 
their hearts, and prove a stimulus to patriotic and heroic action. 

And now tendering our thanks to correspondents and others for 
their assistance during the past fifteen months, we would express a 
hope that the Register may continue to glean the fields of history 
and genealogy long after its present conductors are in their graves. 
The materials are abundant, and are constantly increasing. That our 
successors may find as ready and faithful friends as wo have found, 
is also our sincere wish. 

J. w. D. 
Boston, Massachusetts, September 25, 1863. 



1S63.] Brief Memoir of Dr. Winslow Lewis. 3 

stance — the commBodiog fi^nre and fine expression of countenance 
ia • statesman and orator w)id ia yet spared to remind us of the dis- 
tJBgaiafaed ancestor from whom Lr is lineally descended. Indeed the 
pbjsio^nomy of the CoDscript Fathers and masters of tlje Eter- 
nal City, is often seen in the nuble espressiou of the ItaSian peas- 
ant, and was peculiarly exempHGed in the Human visage, so like an 
exquisitely chiselled piece of statuary, of tlio Great Napoleon. 

Tlje tiume of Lewis nnder u variety of spelling is very ancient, 
aatl embraces many large families in England and Wales. In the 
If. E. Hist, and Gen. Rr^ier. vol. xi, p. 369, there is a " List of the 
pedigrees contained in W"' Pavers consolidated Visitations of York- 
■hire" iu 1584, 1612 and 1665, and in that county alone there are 
foorlecQ generalioRs of Lewis. 

SeTcra] ramilics of the same sumame emigrated from England at 
diSerent periods, the posterity of which is numerous, and according 
ti» Parmer's Gw. JlcgisUr (published in 1829), thirty-eight desceud- 
anta of the race of Lewis have been educated at different colleges in 
New England, aud by the Triennial Catalogue of Harvard College, 
1860, we find there had been twelve of its alumni called Lewis, aud 
time hy llie name of Lewes. Before we touch upon the stirps or 
iKuntDou ancestor of Dr. Lewis, it may be worth while to cast a pasa- 
iag glance at some of the other emigrants of the same patronymic, 
wha came early to this country, whether north or south of Mason 
aad Dixon's line. Perhaps a general and comprehensive volume of 
thne pedigrees would diaclose marc coiisauguinitj than we suspect, 
sad would include many distinguished men ; hut such a work requires 
patient labor and some expenditure. 

May 15, 1635; among the passengers to "Yirginca" at that time 
in the Plain Joan, Richard Ruckam, Master, " who brought altesta- 
liou of their conformity to the orders and, discipline of the Church 
of Biiglacid," with their corresponding ages, is that of Robert Lewis, 
a. 23; also another list of emigrants to the same colony, 1634-5, 
cnnlaios John Lewis, a. 23. JitgiHer, vol. xv, pp. 112, 212. Iu the 
Hercalcfl of Sandwich, John Wetherly, Master. " bound for the 
plaDtation " in New England, with certificates from ministers of good 
character, &c., was John Lewis of Tenterden iu Kent, with Sarah 
bis wife and one child. Their certificate was from Jno. Gee, Vicar 
<rf Tenterden, 20 Feb. 1634; Johu Austin, Mayor, and Freegift 
Slace, Jurat, 1 March, 1634. Ibid, vol. xv, p. 28. He was brother 
fff Geobok Lewis of Barnstable, who resided at and became a free- 
man of Scitnate, 1637, ancestor of Dr. Lewis. So careful were the 
eari; progenitors of New England to maintain a good character at 
home, of which they could carry vouchers abroad. George Lewis 
who Mttled in Maine, is mentioned in the Ist vol. of Maine Hist, Col- 
Intioxs as one who received a grant of fifly acres at Backcove (Pal- 
noQlli) in 1640, and died there July, 1683. Mr. Willis, whose great 
aocaraoy aud research are aoldom, if ever at fanlt, suggests that he 
«aa the eon of George of Scituate, but it could not bo so, as that 
too George lived at Barnstable, and died March 20, ITIO. 

A family of this name settled very early at Mavblchead, for in the 

Petition against Imports (1668) by certain inhabitants of that port, 

' tktn appears the oame of James Lewis. {Regitler, vol. iz, p. 81.) 



Brief Memoir of Dr. Winslow Lewis. 



[Jao. 



The anceetorB of Samuel G. Lewis, from wlinm the maisy mole in 
this cily, called Lewis Whaif. derives its name, and which origin- 
ated from the Lewia Wharf Company in 1834, were emigrauts fran 
England. 

lu that elaborate work by the learned Jas. Sa^■age, LL. D,, a monu- 
ment of great industry, and destined to be of surpassing valne to the 
future student of New England pedigrees, under the title of Lewis, vol, 
111, p. 84, GvG closely printed pages are devoted to tliis name, em- 
bracing 6fty-tbree heads of families, alphabetically arranged, and iiK 
eluding the progenitors of Dr. Lewis. The earliest emigrant among 
them seems to have been Thomas Lewis, wbo having examined the 
eastern coast under a patent from the Council of Plymouth, Feb. 19, 
1630, conveying lands east of Saco river, took possession of the, 
premises June 25 of the same year. This is referred to in iUiitM 
Hiil. CoUeaiens, vol. i, p. 16; also Felt's EaJesl. Hist, of Ntxo Englawt^'. 
vol. I, 153. Emigrants came out in 1630, 1035, settling on the Cape^, 
in Cbarlestown, Boston, Maiden, Lynn, Cambridge and other places.; 
From John Lewis, one of the early settlers iu Maiden, was descended 
the late Alouzo Lewis, author of the History of Lynn, according tOi 
the careful researches of Tbos. B, Wymau, Jr., Esq., a member of our 
Society. Edmund Lewis, wbo embarked with bis wife on board the\, 
Elizabeth iu April, 1631, settled at Lynu in 1643. Another John 
Lewis in 1669 was one of the falhcrs of Westerly, E. I. He ie 
spoken of in the Register, vol. siv, p. 16", as a free inhabitant of that 
place in 1669, who lad six children; his numerous progeny are enu- 
merated. 

To recapitulate, however, the different progenitors of this name, 
and the places to which they emigrated would exceed our limits, buk' 
a recurrence to a few of tbem may throw some light on the early 
settlement of our country. Among them we (tnd that Daniel LcwiSi 
1679, was "n&si tlw founders of Westerly, R. I., and William Lewia, 
whose son ^^tiST^^iSrPied a daughter of that celebrated teacher, 
Master Ezekiel Cbcever, who wrote a Latin grammar, superior to all 
the abstructions of modern improvement, was among the early set- 
tlers of Farmington, Conn. One of the descendants of Deacon 
Joseph Lewis, who settled in Waterbury, Conn., before 1700, died, 
April 28, 1855, at Southington, Conn., was Chauncey Lewis, aged 95, 
a soldier of the revolution, and at one lime one of Washington's' 
Life Guards. There were very many of the name of John, one oti 
whom settled in Portsmouth; another in Falmouth, from whom the 
lion. Samuel Lewis of Cincinnati, wbo died July, 1854, was descend-' 
ed; and another went toSaybrook; Joseph settled in New London, 
1668, and William in Cambridge, 1032. 

William Lewis, grandfather of Rev. Ezekiel Lewis, who graduated 
at Harvard University in 1095, was from Newtown (Cambridge), and 
belonged to the Braintree company. He went to Hartford in 1636, 
and thence to Farmington, Conn. He came out in the Lion, 1632. 
Robert Lewis who settled in Newbury, 1644, emigrated in the Bless- 
iug, Capt. Lecester, 1635. His name is spelt Lewes in Drake's liesvJt 
of Ratarfha. In Freeman's History of Cape Cod, vol. i, p. 614, : 
remarked that one of the prominent men, which the Cape contributed 
in great numbers to Maine in its early settlement, Maj. George Lewis, 



Brief Memoir of Dr. Winslow Leuis. 

died tfaifl year (1855) at an advanced age. He emigrated in 1784 to 
Gorhani; Lis eldest son, Hon. Winthrop Lewis, born 1764, died 1822, 
utd " was a model of public virtue." His second son. Rev. Jamea 
Lewis of Gorhutn, was a mao of great piety and success io the mioia- 
trj. bora 1T70, died Aug. 19, 1865, aged 8G. The late Hod. Lathrop 
Lewis of Gorham, was a direct descendant of the first George 
Levia of Barnstable. Regiiler, vol. n, p, 306. 

The origin of the Lewis family, witbout much doubt, ia Welali. 
Indeed tfacre ia at this day io England a distinguished instance of 
Uiis patroDymic, Sir George Coruwall Lewis, one of Her Majesty's 
•ccretKries of state, by birth a Welshman, educated at Oxford, where 
be was the first -scholar of his class, an accomplished author, aud 
k powerfnl and eloquent advocate in favor of the American Union, 
BOW at war with the rebels. The patriot, Francis Lewis, a Signer 
of tbe Declaration of Independence, was also born in Walea. Gen. 
Waslitngton bad a brother-in-law by the name of Lawrence Lewis. 

Pr. Wiiislow Lewis was descended more immediately from the 
Bev, Isaiah Lewis and his wife Abigail, daughter of Kenelm Wins- 
tow, a lineal descendant from Kdward Winslow of England, in the 
fifth ^ncration. Gov. Hutchinson, in his remarks on the death of 
Got. Edward Winslow, says: " He was a gentleman of the best 
family of any of the Plymouth planters, hia father. Edward Wina- 
low. Esq., bwiog a person of eome figure at Droughtwich in Worcea- 
tonliire." The pedigree of each family, the Winslow and Lewia 
tHTAtich, cummencint; at Edward Winslow in England and Geo. Lewis 
of B»rnstat)le, so far as a careful aud diligent investigation will 
Allow, will be given io llie next number of the Register. Some of the de- 
■oendants on each side have been distinguished in their day and ought 
to be noticed, particularly Gov. Edward Winslow, with whom Dr. 
Lswifl can only claim consanguinity through the father their common 
•acestor. A brief account of thia eminent and good man, though it 
■•J contain nothing new, yet may refresh the memory of the reader; 
dw beautiful aput where he dwelt alter continuing for several gene- 
istiODB in the poaaeasion of the family became part and parcel of the 
donsiii of the great American orator, Daniel WSjbster, who lived and 
Had tbere; aud near whose tomb, the surges of ocean seem to sing 
Ikctr sad requiem, and where many a lover of hia country has dropped 
• tear at the loss of a atatesmau, whose counsela in these calamitous 
tjamr of Rebellion are ao much needed, 

Ktward Winalow, the eldest son <if Edward and Magdalen Wins- 
Ivw of Droitwich, WorceBtershire, England, was born October 19tb, 
1&95. Ue waa well educated, but at wliat seminary is unknown. 
While he waa travelling in Europe in 1617, he met Mr. Kobinson at 
Leyden, joined his church, aud came out with the Pilgrims in the May- 
Sower Ue was one of five brothers who emigrated from England, 
vit: Gilbert with him; John iu the Fortnuo, 1621; Kenelm and Josiah 
before 1632. At the close of the voyage the celebrated covenant 
was drawD, in which he was the third signer. His wife Eliaabetb 
died about three months after their arrival, and within six or seven 
weeks he married Susanna, widow of William White, for whom she 
kad boon in mourning only two and a half mouths, But the tiniea 
wen prcseitig. Their marriage waa the first one solemnized iu the 




Tl 



HISTORICAL AND GENEALOGICAL REGISTER. 



BRIEF MEMOIR OP DK. WINSLOW LEWIS. 

[Commumcited by John H. SoErPiBn, Esq.] 



The Committee of Publication, baying obtained the Portrait of tho 
Pte«ident of our Genealogical Society for the January number of tbe 
Btgitter, wiahed to procure a brief memoir and pedigree to aceoropa- 
Bf it, aucb as luay be justly drawn of the living, without adulation 
OB tbe one band or a faatidious neglect of merit on tbe otber. Tbis 
gimteful tauk has been aesigned to the writer of this article. 

The lineagD of Dr. Winslow Lewia carries us back to tbe first set- 
llmieDt of New England, and is associated witli stirring recollec- 
tknu of early history. We are reminded also that the grand object 
<rf our Society, and of its publication-^now extending over sisteen 
TOlamee of various and condeuaed matonal for tbe biographer and 
historian — is to preserve those numerous links of consanguinity, 
which connect the lives and deeds of the Pilgrim Fathers and Colo- 
nial emigrants with their present desceridauts, and show the source 
tDd progress of our prosperous institution. True it is, that to trace 
• descent beyond a few degrees of ancestry, is no small labor, re- 
quires the patience of one wtio watches the gnomon of a sundial as it 
■hadowa out the hours, and is often surrounded with doubts and dilli- 
enlttea. Like Old Mortality bringing from darkness to li^ht the 
buried names of the dead, the genealogist must at times make his 
dwelling among the tombs; but, the picture is not always so gloomy 
eitber in the land of our forefathers or in this country. There be 
will aoiuetimes light upon the glorious old progenitor of a family be 
U searehing for, as he mnses over the ruins of feudal castles, or treads 
the aisles of some ancient cathedral, or tlie walks of a hallowed 
charcbjard. And hero in our own New England, as he wanders 
•way from beautiful villages aud splendid cities, and with history 
ili Us guide, seeks the primeval wilderness and shores of the stormy 
flBpe, be may see with a thrill of joy, the name of the long sought 
■floestor he is in pursuit of, engraven, as it were, on the rock of 
Plymoutb, never to be effaced till the waves of lire shall pass over 
lliia planet, and a new earth and a new heaven shall appear. 

Time, which often travels in the path of history, not by years, but 
by cvnturics, has already begun to throw around the Landing of the 
PilgrimB the halo of antiquity — like that aureola of classic celebrity 
vbicb seen throngh the vista of ages surrounds Jason and his brave 
compatiions in the first great maritime enterprise of which we have 

Vou XVIL 1 





I 



Bfief Memoir of Dr. IVinslow Lewis. 

any accouut — the Argonautic expedition. Let ub for a moment 
compare it with the voyage of the Matflowek. 

The Argonautic expedition was a paasage of a few hundred milea 
from Argoa in Greece, to Colchis in the Eusi lie— coasting along the 
Bliores of the jEgeau aea, thoy entered the narrow straita of tha 
Dardanelles, crusHed the small aea of Marmora, and then from head- 
land to headland reached the desired haven; secure of a safe harbor 
in storms, and never out of sight of land. Their motive was only 
an earthly ambition — tlioir object the golden fleece, guarded by 
the Minotaur; a beauliful allegory of commercial enterprise. But tlie 
voyage of the Mayflower was exposed to greater perils, and iufinilely 
more exulted in motive and object. A band of Christian exiles, 
leaving their fatherland and their kindred to return nofloore, adven- 
tuied in a small bark upon a mighty ocean — for days and weeks and 
months subjected to hardships and tempests — nought but the sky and 
a boundless sea above and around them — and before them the ap- 
proach to a iron hound coast, and the dreary scene of a coming winter. 
They had no thread of Ariadne to guide them in the labyrinth of woo da 
and hostile tribes. Yet tliey leaned on an inviuihle arm, Tliey were 
sustained by faith in the ALUioflir, and cheered by the grandeur and 
magnificence of their aim. It was a voyage iu pursuit of religiouB 
freedom and independence — to build a church on the hill-top, and 
plant a school house in the valley; and while they were "seeking 
first the kingdom of God and his lighteousnesB," they were laying 
the foundations of an empire on earth. The Argonoutic expedition 
liaa been eternized in the classic fiongs of antiquity. The Mayflowkh 
yet waits for the poet to do it justice; and it may be centuries before 
one shall descend from Heaven to gather np the sweet memories and 
glorious events in the Uvea of the Pilgrim fathers, and set them like 
another .^neid to everlasting music. 

Indeed, the landing of the Pilgrims on the rock of Plymouth and 
the battle fought at Bunker Hill, in the first dawn of Independence, 
which is consecrated by a majestic obelisk on the spot, are two 
great epochs in our history; and while there is any worth in gene- 
alogy, or any virtue iu patriotism, the localities where these events 
occurred will be hallowed in memory, and inspire every American 
bosom to preserve the Umom as the apple of the eye, 
SpnlB there Me, forgntlpn never, 
SputK, wliere truemeii died of won; 



A descent from one of those heroes and self-denying men, who 
came out in the Mayflower, or soon after emigrated to the Bay state 
and were leaders in the colonial history of Massachusetts, carries od 
its face a seal of heraldry, equal, to say the leasl, to any armorial 
bearings in the escutcheon of ancestral fame. Is not the name of 
WiNBLOW enough to emblazon the character of his posterity, where- 
ever his l)lood flows in their veins f Say what we will, there ia 
something which charms us in the transmission of hereditary virtue 
and nobleness of heart. It speaks in the very features of the face 
as a successive generation appears; and if delicacy did not forbid a 
pereoual allusion to the living, I could now refer to a striking in- 



Brief Memoir of Dr. Winslow Lewis. 3 

-the commandiDg figure and fine expression of countenance 
statesman and orator who ie j-et spared to remind us of the dis- 
tiB^ished ancestor from whom he. is lineally descended. Indeed the 
pbjsiognomy of the Conscript Fathers and masters of the Eter- 
nal City, is often seen in the nnble expression of the Italian peaa- 
BB^ luid was peculiarly exemplified in the RomaQ visage, go like an 
«zqiiiait«l7 chiselled piece of statuary, of the Great Napoleon. 

The name of Lbwis iiuder a variety of spelling is very ancient, 
uid etobraces many large families in Englaud and Wales. In the 
jV. B. Hill, and Gen. Register, vol, ii, p, 259, there ia a " List of the 
pedigrees contained in W"> Pavers couBoliduted Visitatiims of Tork- 
rfiire" iu 1584, 1612 and 1665, and in that county alone there are 
foarteen generations of Lewis. 

SeTeral families of the same surname emigrated from England at 
different periods, the posterity of which is numerous, and according 
to Farmer's Gen, Rtgister (published in 1829), lliirty-eight descend- 
ants of the race of Lewis have been educated at dilTerent colleges in 
New £ng1nnd, and by the Triennial Catalogue of Harvard College, 
1S60. we find there had beeu twelve of its alitmui called Lewis, and 
three by the name of Lewes. Before we touch upon the stirps or 
cgniDun ancestor of Dr. Lewis, it may be worth while to cast a paes- 
img glance at some of the other emigrants of the same patronymic, 
who came early to this country, whether north or south of Mason 
aod Dixon's line. Perhaps a genera! and comprelicasive volume of 
these pedigrees woold disclose more consanguinity than we suspect, 
and would include many distinguished men-, but such a work requires 
|tati«nt liibor and some expenditure. 

Kay 15, 1635; among the passengers to "Virginea" at that time 
Id the Plain Joan, Hicliard Fluckam, Master, " who brought attesta- 
tion of their conformity to ihe orders and. discipline of the Church 
of England," with their corresponding ages, is that of Robert Lewis, 
a. S3; aldo auother list of emigrants to the same colony, 1634-5, 
oonlaias John Lewis, a. 23. Rcgiiter, vol. xv, pp. 112, 212. In the 
Bercalcs of Sandwich, John Wetherly, Master, " bound for the 
plantation " in New England, with certificates from ministers of good 
character, kc, was John Lewis of Tenlerden iu Kent, with Sarah 
hts wife and one child. Their certificate was from Jno. Gee, Vicar 
of Tenterden, 20 Fob. 1634; John Austin, Mayor, and Freegift 
Suce, Jural, I March, 1634. Ibid, vol. xi-, p. 28. He was brother 
of Geobue Lewis of Barnstable, who resided at and became a free- 
man of Scilnate, 1631, ancestor of Dr. Lewis. So careful were the 
early progenitors of New England to maintain a good character at 
hnme, of which they could carry vouchers abroad. George Lewis 
wlui settled in Maine, is mentioned in the 1st vol. of Maine Hitl. Col- 
Itttiant as one who received a grant of fifty acres at Backcovc (Fal- 
Buuth) in 1640, and died there July, 1683. Mr. Willis, whose great 
accuracy and research are seldom, if ever at fault, suggests that he 
iraji the son of George of Sciluate, but it could not bo so, as that 
•on George lived at Barnstable, and died Marcli 20. 1110. 

A family of (his name settled very early at Marblehead, for in the 
Petition against Imports (1668) by certain inhabitants of that port, 
there appears the name of James Lewie. {RegiiUr, vol. iz, p. 81.) 



Britf Memoir of Dr. Winshw Leimt. 



[Jaiul 



The ancestors of Samuel G. Lewis, from whom the masBy mole ia 
tliis cily, called Lewis Wliurf, derives its name, and which origin-' 
at«d from the Lewis Wharf Compaay in 1834, were eroigrauts from- 
Eiigland. 

In that elaborate work by the learned Jas. Savage, LL. D., a monu- 
tnent of great industry, and destined to be of surpaaaing value to the 
futnre student of New England pedigrees, under the title of Lewis, vol. 
Ill, p. 84, five closely printed pages are devoted to tliis name, em- 
bracing fifty-three heads of families, alphabetically arranged, and in- 
clndiug the progenitors of Dr. Lewis. The earliest emigrant among 
them seems to have been Thomas Lewis, who having examined the 
eastern coast under a patent from the Council of Plymouth, Feb. 13, 
1630, conveying lands east of Saco river, took poaseaaion of tbo 
premises June 35 of the same year. This is referred to in Maiiig 
Hist. CnUgcliom.voi. i, p. 16; also Felt'a EaJest. Hist, of New England^ 
vol. I, 163. Emigrants came out in 1630. 1635, settling on the Cape,' 
in CbarlestowD, Boston, Maiden, Lynn, Cambridge and other place*. 
From Jobn Lewis, one of the early aettlera in Maiden, was descended 
the late Alonzo Lewis, author of the History of Lynn, according toi 
the careful researches of Tlioe. B, Wyman, Jr., Eeq,, a member of one 
Society. Edmund Lewis, who embarked with Wis wife ou board th< 
Elizabeth in April, 1634, settled at Lynn in 1643, Another Joha 
Lewis in 1669 was one of tbe fathera of Weeterly, R. I. He is 
spoken of in tbe RtgisUr, vol. xiv, p. 16T, aa a free inbabitant of that 
place in 1669, who bad sis cliililren; his numerous progeny are cdu- 
me rated. 

To recapitulate, however, the different progenitors of this name,, 
and the places to which tbey emigrated would exceed our limits, bat 
a recurrence to a few of them may throw some light on the carlj* 
settlement of our country. Among tbem we 6ud that Daniel LewiOf. 
1619, waa oimof l)i,e founders of Weaterly, R. I,, and William Lewia^ 
whose eon ^^rf^T^arried a daughter of tbat celebrated teacher. 
Master Ezekiel Ohcever, wbo wrote a Latin grammar, superior to all 
the abstractions of modern improvement, was among tlio early set* 
tiers of Farmington, Conn. One of the descendants of Deacoa 
Joseph Lewis, who settled in Waterbury, Conn., before 1700. (I'ed 
April 28, 1855, at Soulhiiigton, Conn,, was Ohauncey Lewis, aged 95, 
a soldier of the revolution, and at one time one of Washington's 
Life Guards. There were very many of tbe name of John, one of 
whom settled in Portsmouth; another in Falmouth, from whom the 
Eon, Samuel Lewis of Cincinnati, wbo died July, 1854, was descend- 
ed; and another went to Saybrook; Joseph settled in New Loudon, 
1666, and William in Cambridge, 1633. 

William Lewis, grandfather of Rev. Ezekiel Lewis, wbo graduated 
at Harvard University in 1695, was from Newtown (Cambridge), and 
belonged to the Braintree company, lie went to Hartford in 1636, 
and thence to Farmington, Conn. He came out in the Lion, 1633. 
Robert Lewis who settled in Newbury, 1644, emigrated in the Bles*- 
ing, Capt. Lecester. 1635. His name is apelt Lewos in Drake's Rauit 
of Rettuxihts. In Freeman's History of Capt Cod, vol. i, p. 614, it 
remarked tbat one of the prominent men, which the Cape contributed 
in great nombcrs to Maine in its early settlement, Maj. George Lewis, 



I 



1S63.] 



Brief Memoir of Dr. Winslow Lems. 



died this year (1855) at an advanced age. He emigrated in 1784 to 
Gorhani; \t\» eldest non, Uoii. Winthrop Lewis, burn 1704, died 1822, 
■ad " was a model of public riilue." Hia second eon, Rev. James 
L«wi« of Gorbam, was a man of great piety and eucceas in the miuie- 
try, born IITO, died Ang. 19, 1855, aged 88. Tlie lute Hod. Lalhrop 
Levis of Oorhara, was a direct descendant of tlie first G<;orge 
Lewis of Barnstikble. Regultr, tuI. ii, p. 305. 

Tbe ori^n of the Lewis familj, witboot much doubt, is Welab. 
Indeed there ia at this day iti England a dietiiiguislied instance of 
tills patrunyraic. Sir George Cornwall Lewis, one of Her Majeaty's 
secretaries of state, l»y birth a Welshman, educated at Oxford, wbere 
be was the first -Bcholar of his class, an accomplisljod author, and 
s powerful and eloquent advocate in favor of the American Union, 
now at war with the rebels. The patriot, Francis Lewis, a Signer 
of tbe Declaration of Independence, was also burn in Wales. Gen. 
Waaliington had a brother-in-law by the mame of Lawrence Lewis. 

Dr. Winslow Lewis was descended more immediately from the 
Rev. Isaiah Lewis and hia wife Abigail, daughter of Konclm Wins- 
low, s lineal descendant from Edward Winslow of England, in the 
fifth generation. Gov. Hutchinson, iu his remarks on the death of 
Out. Edward Winslow, says: " He was a gentleman of the best 
family of any of the Plymouth planters, his fatliee Edward Wins- 
low, Esq., being a person of some figure at DrougliLwich in Worces- 
tsfsliire." The pedigree of each family, tbe Witislow and Lewis 
bnnch, commencing at Bdward Winslow in England and Geo. Lewis 
of Barnatable, so far as a careful and diligent investigation will 
sllaw, will be given in Ibe next number of tbe Rtgidrr. Some of the de- 
■eendaots on each side have been distinguished in their day and ought 
to be noticed, particularly Gov. Edward Winslow, with whom Dr. 
Lewis can only claim consanguinity through tbe father their common 
sncestor. A brief account of this eminent and good man, though it 
m«y contain nothing new, yet may refresh the memory of the reader; 
the beautiful spot where he dwelt after continuing for sevtral gene- 
rations in the possession of the family became part and parcel of the 
domain of the great American orator, Daniel WSjbster, who lived and 
died there; and near whose tomb, the surges of ocean seem to sing 
thctiff Bsd requiem, and where many a lover of bis country has dropped 
B te«r St the loss of a statesman, whose counsels in these calamitous 
lilBes of Bebellion are so much needed, 

Edward Winslow, tbe eldest son of Edw.ard and Magdalen Wins- 
low of Droilwicb, Worcestershire, England, was born October 19[h, 
15^5. He was well educated, but at what seminary is unknown. 
While he was travelling in Europe in IttH, he met Mr. Robinson at 
Leydeu, joined his church, and came out with the Pilgrims in the May- 
flower. He was one of five brothers who emigrated from England, 
vix: Gilbert with him; John iu the Fortune, 1621; Kcnelm and Josiah 
before 1632. At the close of the voyage the celebrated covenant 
was drawn, in which be was the third signer. His wife Elizabeth 
died about three months after tbelr arrival, and within six or seven 
weeks ho married Susanna, widow of William White, for whom she 
bsd been iu mourning only two and a half mouths, But the times 
were pressing. Their marriage was the first one solemnized iu the 



Brief Memoir of Dr. Wimlow Lewis. 



fJ&B 



I 



emigration. He wae sent id July, 1621, by Gov. Carver, 
Stephen Hopkins on an cmbasBy to the great eacliem MaesaBoi 
PokftDoket with the present of " a borsf^ninn's great coat of red 
ton," wliicli diarmcd and conciliated his mnjeety. On the wtiy llicyi 
were regaled with bread called maziuoi, and the spawn of ehada 
which they ate with a spoon. His next excursion was to the Islai 
of Muubegan in 1622, to obtain bread for the fishermen. He Tieiti 
Mussasoit again in 1623, who was eick, and he was the means 
restoring him to health. In the autumn of that year he wae een 
ont as Colonial agent to England; and while. absent prepared hi 
narrative called, " Good news from N. E.," which was printed i' 
quarto pages; see vol. vm, 239-270. In 1624 be again visited Eng 
land, and on bis return was elected one of the Aasiatants, that bod; 
having been enlarged to five. 

Ho was chosen (jovernor in 1633. In 1635 he weut again to Bug 
land as Agent. There for seventeen weeks he was conflncd in 
Fleet prison, on complaint of Thomas Morton, for teaching Plymonti 
church and for solemnizing marriage. On his return home Lc wi 
elected Governor in 1636 and again in 1644. He narrowly escap< 
death in his expedition to Kennebec, in 1642. The Indiana had forn 
cd a conspiracy against the English; one of them, knowing that t 
Winslow wan in the habit of walking within the palisadoea, prepars 
to shoot him, and was on Ihe watch. Mr. Winslow not seeing hin 
iior HUMpcctJng anything, but thinking he had walked enough wet 
Hiiiidculy into ihe lionte, and God preserved him. See Savage'a Wn 
Ihrop. p. 260, The world does not sufficiently reflect, that our Gbi 
Okkator, as the Father of Spirits, can put thoughts into our mind an 
Uicruby shield n» from danger. He was much interested in civilizin; 
and converting the poor Indians. In May 8, 1655, he was appoints 
by Oliver Cromwell one of the three on a committee to conduct ft 
uzpcdition against the Spanish possessions in the West Indies. Froi 
tho disagrocment of the commanders and unSt state of the troopi 
tliey were at first defeated; and Gov. Winslow on the passage bi 
tweon Uiapaniola and Jamaica was attacked by the fever of tb 
climate and died May 8, 1655, in his 60th year. He was buried ! 
the ocean with tho funeral honors of war, and forty-two guns wer 
fired by the fleet. He had settled in Marshficld at a seat he calle 
Careswcll, the name of an ancient English castle, the abode of tb 
Vanes. It is near Green harbor, so called, and in his life tim 
had become part of the domain where stood the mansion of Dani« 
WebMtcr. 

One anecdote, like the vane of the church spire, which points th^ 
direction of the wind, will exemplify his uniform character for bene 
volenco and a good heart. When Roger Williams was driven froB 
MassaciiuBclts by men more religious than just, we are told tba 
" Gov. Winslow of Plymouth, who had no band in his expulsion, 'pg 
h pioco of gold in the hands of his wife to relieve his nocessities.'" 
Barry's Jliit. of Man. vol. 1, p. 242. This trait of character seemS 
Still to run in the Winslow blood if we may judge from what ' 
know of the subject of this memoir. 

Josiah Win&low, son of Edward, was born in 1629, married Pens 
lope, daughter of Herbert Pelbam, Esq,, of Boston, 1663. He wuf 



i963.I Brief Memoir of Dr. Winslow Leutis. 7 

istant, 1646-1649, was cboeen Governor, 1673, which office he 
yoars. till his dcatfi. In tho war with Pliilip in 16T5 he 
an<)er-in-chief of all the. forces — a man of sterling cour- 
id of emini-nt tnletita. The Maasochueetts Historical Sociely 
fiue purtrait of Guv. Jnsiali Winslow, ctipietl from a pniiiting in 
abMamiiop of Isnac Winalow, E^q., of Boston, di;§cendant of Gen. John 
Wiiwlow ffrandson of Gov. Josiah W., in honor of whom the town 
of Winslow in Mhidc was named 1111. There were several diatin- 
guUhed mun in the posterity of Gov. Edward Winslow, but our buai- 
msa is more immediately with the timo of Kenclm. 

Kcncirn Wiiialow, brother of Gov, Edward, was baptised 3 May, 
1S99, having been born the Sunday before. He settled in Marshtield 
Mt a neck of land lying between Green harbor and Soiilli river, a 
place ilisa M. A. Thomas in her account of Marsh6eld, calls the Eden 
of that region, " beautified with groves of majestic oaks, and grace- 
fill WttlnuU." He married Ellen, widow of John Adams, June, 1634, 
who in the History of Seiiualt is erroneously called the daughter of 
John Adntns; and if there were any doubt a reference to the Ply- 
■mfA Colony Rtcords, vol. I, p. 116 and p. 30, will remove it; for 
"Kenelm Winslow of Marshfield, sometimes inhabitant of the 
lawn of Plyinontb at the time of his marriage with Ellenor Adama 
(sometime wife unto John Adams, deceased)," and "June, 1634, 
Keoelm Winslow and Ellen Adams, widow, were married," Sarah 
Winslow whom Miles Standish, Jr., married was either a daughter or 
niece of Kenelm." 

Marsbfield was first represented in the Colonial government in 
1642, by Thomas Bourne and Kenelm Winelow. They had four 
children, one of whom was Nathaniel. He died at Salem on a visit 
ia 1673, and was buried there; his wife Ellen, died in 1681, aged 88, 
aad bis epitaph is still traceable on Burying hill, among the timo 
honored graves and tombs of the aettlers of Marshfield. 

Natiianiel had 8 children, of whom waa Kenelm who married 
Abigail Waterman daughter of Joseph Waterman. They had 1 
cbililren, one of whom, Abigail Winslow, married the Kcv. Isaiah 
Lewis. Thia was in the fifth generation, beginning with Edward 
Wiuslow of Droitwich, England, father of the Governor; and in this 
la&rriage the two Houaea were united and continue in descent uutil 
we reach the subject of thia memoir. 

Rev. IsAUH Lewis waa in the fourth degree of descent from Geohok 
Ixwts, who was born in East Greenwich in Kent, England. He 
lurried Sarah Jenkins of that country, sister of Edward Jenkins. 

IsAtJB Lewis, born in Hingham, June 10, 1103, graduated at 
BuTud University, 1123, aettled in the ministry at Eastham now 
Wcllfk-et, tanght school in Hinghum on week days, and preached on 
Snndays. In the records of Marsbfield, 1129, ia the following: 
"Voted to Mr. Isaiah Lewis For keeping scliool half a year 25 pounds, 
ihd fur his service in preaching to the neighborhood in the north 
fut uf the town, 15 pounds, and request hini atill to continue their 
»d)iiol master." He waa in the miniatry 65 years; died Oct. 3, 1186, 
i^d 83. He is described as a clergyman "of strong mind, and a 
btart devoted to the work of the gospel in which he labored dill- 
gCBlly nod with success." He aoleninized 233 marriages during hia 



Brief Memoir of Dr. Winslow Lewis. 



[j.i 



miniBtry ami 213 members were added to his cbnrcti. Rev. Lei 
'Whitmore in 1785, was settled as a colleague witli liim. A marb 
mouumeDt was erected to bis metnory iu the cliurcbyard at Wei 
fleet, and tbia eulogium of liis wortli ia there inscribed: "In tbo vi 
tnes nod accomplisbments that adorn men and assimulate man i 
God, ho was amon^ those that excel." Mr. Lewie had a brother, tk 
Rev. Daniel Lewis, who graduated at Harvard Universily, 1101, wl 
ordained December, 1113, alter teaching a grammar scboul son 
years, and was settled in Pembroke. 

Rev. Isaiah Lewis had 2 children — Hannah, who married Josef 
Green; and WiKaLow Lewis, born July, IHI, who married Mu 
Kuowles, dau. of Willard Ktiowles, Sept. 12, 1165, and died at sai 
July, 1801, (e. 60. He resided in Easthani, and was nuc of the 9 
lectmeu of Wellfleet in 1111. His wife died Jau. 31, 180T, sa. 61, aa 
was buried at Copp's hill, Boston. He had 13 children, of what 
three died in infancy; Abigail his daughter married Samuel Austii 
WinslowLewi3, was father of Pr. Lewis; Mary married Daniel Wood 
Hanuah married John W, Brigham; laaiah married Harriet C<t 
Nancy married John S. H. Cox; Joseph Warren married Nancy Lai 
Asa Packard married Catharine Oonnell; Sally Greenough never m 
ried; and Henry married Sophia Draper. 

Capt. WiKsLow Lewis was born in Wellfleet, Oape Cud, May 1 
IITO, eon of Winslow I^ewis of that place, sea captain. He wa 
married to Elizabeth Grecnoiigh, daughter of Thomas Greenong 
mathcuiatical iiiatrument maker and Ann Hubby, They were ma 
ried by the Rev. John Murray, Nov. 1, 1193. He was then 22 a 
she 31 years old, sht^ died June 11, 1S42, aged 10, the mother of i 
children; three died U infancy. Frederic at 26 and Gustavus at L 
Dr. Wiuslow Lewis being the only survivor. Capt. Lewis marrii 
a second time, viz: Martha S. Hurlburt, daughter of James Phil1J| 
Esq., who died iu December, 1850. It is a remarkable fact that C^ 
Lewis, and his three brothers, Joaiah Lewis, Asa Packard Leva 
and Joseph Warren Lewis, were all not only seafaring men, 
skillful captaiuB, and commanded some of the finest ships wh» 
sailed out of Boston harbor in their day. Neither of them is livin 
Capt. Winslow Lewis had great practical knowledge and skill 
hydraulic engineering. After he quit going to sea, he was constaot 
employed in building new lighthouses on our coasts, rivers m 
lakes, or in altering and repairing old ones. He furnished plana • 
epccificationa for beacons, buoys and monuments for the shoals ■ 
harbors along our shores, and was very successful in the constri 
tion of the Beacon on the Romer ehoal in New York bay, the betn 
on Bowditoh's Ledge in Salem harbor, and other permanent oi 
which to this day, stand aa monuments of his skill and long i 
faithful services to his country. Ho was contractor and builder 
his lifetime of 200 lighthouses for the government; he invented t 
Binnacle illuminator, for which he got a patent, and which i 
in such general use; he introduced the cotton duck inlu his f 
at Watertown, and it became a substitnte for the more expcnai 
Russian duck; was the owner of a ropcwalk at the fool of tlie Co 
mon; for several years was port warden of Boston; and in 1829 ■ 
""16, was one of the Aldermen of the city. 




IS63.] Brief Memoir of Dr. Winslow Lewis. 

Bot tbe reputation aud talente of Capt. Winslow Lewia will be 
lottg beld in remembrance for bis public services, and " when tlie 
hisUiry of the ligljthouae eslablielimcnt in tbia country ia written," 
mm B ^eutleoiau, well acqinklnlcd witli him, stated to me in a letter, 
" it will appear tbat Mr. Winslow Lewia waa iLe first to introduce 
the prettnl mode of illumination, and to lay tbe foundation for tlie 
motfem improvement in the structures &s well as lantern lamps 
and mllcctors." About 50 years ago the only lampa used in the 
ligbthciuses were tho spider lamp so called, which conBDmed a vast 
qnanlity of oil and produced a poor light. An offer was made by 
Cftpt. Lewis to fit up lanterns in all tbe ligbthousee on the coast with 
lamps like those in use by the Trinity Board in England, with the 
Argaod burner, and to affix thereto tbe parabolic reflector, and take 
for bis compenaation one-half of tbe oil tbua saved from the aunual 
coufluniption, the government furuiahing tbe usual quantity for a 
certftiu ntimber of years. The offer was accepted, Captain W. was 
anccesBfnl, and tbe brilliancy of the light was vastly increased to tlio 
ereat benefit of navigators. The time be first look charge of tbe 
n^bthouses was about 1809, 1810; and he continued in this oflice, till 
witbiD a few years of his death. In the war of 1812 with England, 
dnriiiff one of his visits in the revenue cutt«r to a ligbtliouse in the 
baj, he was taken captive by tbe Englisb, but soon after released 
on parol. During this war he was commander of the Boslon Sea 
Fettcibtea, a body of spirited sea captains and mates of vessels, 
who Tolontarily associated, armed and disciplined tbcmeelTeB to 
reaist invasion. He was also President of tbe Marine Society. 

Capt. Lewis died May 20, 1850, at lloxbnry, aged 80 years. He 
waa a tall, fine-looking man, of winning address, much beloved by 
all who knew birn, and exemplary in all tbe relatione of life. An 
excellent and appropriate tribute of respect was paid to bis memory 
by the Hon. John S. Sleeper, in tbe Ballon Journal, of which be was 
then tbe editor, who knew him well as one of our best citizens; afler 
■peakiDg " of his vigor of intellect and buoyancy of spirit," to tlie 
luit of A long aud honored life, be observes, "few men have labored 
a»or« constantly or more successfully through a long life than Capt. 
Winalow Lewis." His funeral in Rosbury was conducted by the 
■ioce lamented Rev. Dr. Lowell, assisted by Rev. Mr. Alger. It was 
■Uesdod by the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts, of which he was a 
nermatient member, for ho bad lon^ been a true and faithful Mason 
ID the Prateruity. His remains were deposited at Mount Aubuin in 
18&9. 

Dr. Winslow Lewia, the subject of this sketch, was born in Boston, 
Jalj 8, 1799, in tbe same house in which his mother was born. He 
waa fitted for college under the tuition of Mr. Daniel Staniford, who 
kept a private school of high repute in fioslon; graduated at Harvard 
Duiversiiy in 1819, studied medicine under the late eminent Dr. John 
C. Wafren, and took his degree of M. D. in 1822. His favorite pur- 
nit waa anatomy, for which he bad a peculiar tact, as he had a firm 
urve aud quick, deciaive judgment, qualities soeaaentiid in delicate 
ud criiical operations of surgery. To perfect bis studies bo went 
immediately to Europe, attended the lectures of Dupuytren in Paris, 
Uid Abtiruethy in Loudon, both surgeons of great celebrity. This 



10 



Brief Memoir of Dr. Winslow Leuiis. 



[Jai 



was not, however, his first visit, for lie crossed the Atlantic, wbes fl 
only seventeen years of age, and saw many places and persons; and! 
ir the old adage would apply. JVosdtur e sneiUjIio stood high, Tor he J 
kept good company; coming liome with such diBtin<;uiBhed men aS'l 
Dr. Edward Reynolds, the late Hon, Abbott Lawrence, and Franklin 1 
Doster, Esq., who died not long since. 

On his return he commenced practice in Boston. On Febrnnry 22, 
1828, ho was married by the Rev, Bethel Judd, to Misa Fmeline 
Richards, daughter of Oapt. Benjamin Richards of Neft Loudon, Conn. , 
He has been two years Pliyeiciau of the Municipal Institutions, three J 
of the House of Correction, and since Dr. Warren's decease, he hu 1 
been consulting Physician in the Massachusetts General HoBpilal, ^ 

In 1849 he again visited the Continent, leaving his family at home. 
He was gone only seven months, and visited several places of note. 
He was in Rome when it was attacked by the French, and quitted 
that city only the day before Ihe siege commenced, of which he wrot« 
home a glowing description which was published in the Traiitaipt. 
He journeyed on to Geneva, and was admiring the sublime scenery 
which surrounded that city — the overhanging Alps and the mirror of 
the blue lake beneath them — when, not dreaming of evil, he took np 
a newspaper from Boston and read the death of his only surviving 
son, Winslow; this young and promising lad of only ten years, had 
followed the fate of his two infant brothers cut off by that ravaging 
disease, the Scarlctina. The blow was sudden aud heavy to the i 
afflicted father, and he hurried home. J 

The nest year, 1850, he again embarked for Europe, with hii I 
family, consisting of Mrs. Lewis and his three daughters. The j 
Doctor is an observing voyageur and took notes of his travels, ex- 
tracts from which would be a rich treat to the reader of dry pedi- 
grees, but they are, as yet, a sealed book. The writer of this baa 
never had a glimpse of them, aud could only, here and there, get a 
word or hint of bis travel's history in a hurried conversation, but be 
has followed him from place to place in imagination, when be spoke 
of classic grounds he had visited. 

Dr. Lewis and his family spent six months in Paris, where he was 
introduced to Louis Napoleon, then President of the Republic, now 
the illustrious Emperor of France. The Duke of Tuscany and bia 
lady, became hia intimate friends, and their portraits now adorn hia 
library. They also spent some time in England ond Scotland, 
visiting all the remarkable spots and places sought by strangers, 
travelling as far north among the Highlands and lakes as Inverness. 
They also set out on a journey to Italy, the Classic land — the laud 
of beauty and poesy, of fallen greatness, and august recollectiona. 
Rome with its ruins of past grandeur, lying as it were, beneath 
the magnificent dome and structure of St, Peter's — Milan with its 
palaces and splendid cathedral — Venice with its numerous islands, 
canals and Bridge of Sighs — and Naples with its enchanting bay 
and picturesque scenery, successively became the objects of their 
admiration. Three times, the Doctor said, he had ascended Uouot 
Vesuvius; more fortunate than the elder Pliny, of whose death from 
a sudden eruption of the volcano, bis nephew the younger Pliny has 
given in bis letters a melancholy, but graphic description; and al> 



IS63.] 



Brief Memoir of Dr. Winilow Letrit. 



ibovgh written oigliteen ceBturies ago, the reacler feels as though 
be w«s prrsont at the scene. 

Bat tb<.- princiinal inducement of liia joiirnry to Italy, and where 
b» wiahfd to niiikc a transient hnrne, waa Florence, thai hfamiful 
dty witlt the valenf Arno uii one side, and the Appeniuea on liiciillier; 
Flcrpncc li'-9 encircled by these monntaina from whose summit, it is 
Aftid, the Adriatic and Mediterranean seas arc visible; through the 
city flows the river Arno on its way some fifty or sixty miles from 
tbe coftsi, and watering Pisa, famous for lis leaning tower, and 
onivcrsity. Florence ia the central city of Italy, remote from the 
Alpine SQowa in the north and the sultry Calabrinn heat on the 
■ontli — a truly delicious climate. It has been culled the city of 
cbnrches, palaces and bridges; for every house is a palace, from the 
ricline»« and elegance of its structures. Here was the home of 
Petrarch. Cosmo and Lozcnzo de Medici and Michael Aiigelo; hero 
Boccaccio wrote those tales of the Decameron, which niake the reader 
of Italian wish to draw a veil over their licenlionaness, while charm- 
ed with the invariable elegance of the style; and here Pope Leo X, 
when only a cardinni, wrote the letters of Ganganelli, which have 
io them so much of holy unction. The immortal Dante sung of- 
ten of Florence, when he was pouring forth those cantos, whii;h at 
tinm toneh deep springs in the heart beyond any poet that ever 
Ihred. Perhaps, it was at evening in his melancholy walks among 
Hm Appenines, near the vale of Valambrosa, bo exquisitely described 
ID tbe Parodist Loit, that, looking at the distant towers of Florence, 
Ihtote heard the village bells and wrote that touching melody, which 
mggeated to Gray the first thought of the immortal EUgy ia the 
eDiiatry charcbyard. 

Sqiiilla de lontkDO 
Clia paJB '1 giorno piinger alie si maure. — Pttrg., canto vtn. 
Tbe vitUge bull se>'iiied lu mourn the departiag day. 

Dr. licwis and his family returned home in 1853, He resumed his 
profeaaioa as a matter of choice, for his fortune placed him above de- 
pendence on the severe labors and arduous duties of a physician; 
jct sDCh was his skill and knowledge of surgery, that he could not 
avoid tlip frequent calls of sufferers from disease or injury who came 
to hitn far and near; more especially since the death of Dr. John C. 
Warren. Bnt he was much relieved in practice by the growing and 
well deserved reputation of his son-in-law Dr. George H. Gay, to 
whom Dec. 1, 1855. his oldest daughter Elizabeth Greenough was 
Qtairied. One fact in his practice, so well known to his friends. 
wagbt not to be suppressed. Often, very often his charges to the 
poor anti unfortunate have been light or none at all. To feel for the 
diatressrd. to administer to the victims of pain and sickness, is the 
delight nf the gi>od physician and the glory of a gicat one. 

On Jan. 9, 1855, his second daughter Maria Richards was married 
to Warren PJsber, Jr., merchant of Boston; the ceremonies were per- 
formed by Rev. Dr. Vinton in St. Paul's Church. And now it would 
•nin that tho cup of hnman felicity in this charming family was as 
Ml aa oonld be expected in this changing world. With an amiable 
wddcTont partner — ever Becking to help the unfortunate and do 



\ fori 



12 Brief Memoir of Dr. Wimtow Leiois. [Jan. 

pood to the poor — with liis lovely children pleasantly settled aronod 
bim — hiB home in the maiision where his falher lived, ou Boylston 
and Pleasant streets, in which his study with a bay window com- 
manded a picturesque view of the public garden and little lake 
therein — with a select library where ho could pursue his classic 
taste and antiquarian researches, and with a fortune ample for enjoy- 
ment among troops of friends and the claims of charity, his lot 
seemed peculiar and almost enviable ; when, hut a few years passed 
away and deep sorrow for a season cast a shadow over the dreams 
of unalloyed felicity, teaching us that we are pilgrims on earth and 
that this world is not our homo. 

Seldom has the community experienced a greater shock, or a family 
been called to deeper grief, than by the calamity which occurred at 
Boston, on Wednesday Jan. 5th, 1869, and bereaved her fond parents 
of an affectionate daughter, and a devoted husband of a wife. This 
sad event which was noticed in the Boston papers with much feeling 
and sympathy, came upon them, too, under circumstances sudden and 
uncommon. There had been a violent snow storm, with some rain, 
freezing ^nd a thaw. A fair day followed, and Mrs. Lewis and her 
daughter, Mrs. Fisher, left home about noon, and visited the store of 
Daniela & Co., merchants. Summer street. This store is a lofty stone 
structure in front, with an addition or extension in the rear, one 
story high, and only lighted in the centre by a largo skylight. Mrs. 
Fisher stood immediately under it, her motlier near by, and they wero 
intent on looking at some goods on the counter. Suddenly a noise 
was heard, and an avalanche falling from the roof of the msin 
building, lodged directly upon this skylight, crushing the glass and 
frame with its weight, and overwhelming Mrs. Fisiier to the ground. 
She was iramfidiately token np, bleeding profusely, and conveyed to 
her father's house. On examination It was found she was much in- 
jured, having been dangerously cut in vital parts by pieces of glass, 
which with difficulty were extracted. She suffered great agony, and 
from her delicate situation at the time, sunk under internal injuries 
on Sunday, having survived only four days. The funeral pervices 
were at St. Paul's Church, where the house was crowded to over- 
flowing, and the Rev. Mr. Bancroft made a brief, but very solemn and 
appropriate address. She was deposited in a tomb under the chnrcb, 
and has since been conveyed to Mount Auburn. 

Dr. Lewis' favorite study has been surgery and anatomy, in which 
he is acknowledged to have few superiors, if any in the country. 
To these he united a love of antiquarian researches, and has retained 
his fondness for the Lalin classics, tlie beauties of which seem to 
cling to his memory, as tiie perfume lingers in the sandal wood in 
every change of condition. Such are the sweet influences of the cul- 
tivation of taste and knowledge in early life; they give atone to 
character and a charm to conversation, which neither ago nor mis- 
fortune can take away. But his great object was his profession, and 
during the last 35 years the number of his private pupils have 
exceeded 400. He translated from the French, GiiU on iKe Struelurt 
and Funelitim of Iht Brain, which was published in six volumes, edited 
Paxton'i Anatomy, and also a work of Practical Anatomy. 

He wuB ■ representative from Boston to the General court in 



Brief Memoir of Dr. Wintlow Lemt. 

1S35, '63 aod *53; one of the CommoD conDcil of the city in 1839; 
f» the Scbool committee, 1839. '40, .'41, *44, '45, '57 aod '58; visitor 
of the U. S. Haiine Eoepital 1856 to 1863; one of tlie Overseers of 
Harvard Uoiversity frum 1856 lo 1862, and lately re-elected six 
jT&rs more; Coaeulting' FlijeiciaD of the city, 1861; Counsellor of 
the Uassachuaetta Medical Society; a membef of the Anieriean Mc- 
dic&l Society of Fnria; fur tlirce years he wna Graud Master of 
Xaaf^nfl in Mass achu setts, viz.; in 1655, '56 and '60, and has 
t«ea at the bead of several Orders in Masoory, a recapituliition of 
vhicli vrouM sonud strange and forthpntting to the uninitiated, and 
flTB DO iiiformalion to those who are. Ho has for very many years 
fcc«n a fervent and active friend to this noble Institution. The reason 
of bia becoming a Masou was singular. In the days when the Fra- 
ternity were abnsed without mercy and persecuted to the utmost, ho 
MW aa nil verti seme nt in a paper of one of the furious Anti-Masons, 
Avery Atlyn — a name now almost forgotten — that on a certain day, 
b 1839. he wonid deliver a lecture, showing up the weakness and 
iQrpocriey of Freemasonry, and its dangerous tendency. The Doctor 
was led by curiosity to go and hear him; and the very sophisms 

~ > arch-enemy of the Brotherhood used, and the abuse he bcaped 
■poD maoy of tliem, who were men without fear and without re- 
ptOAcb, miide him a convert on the other side, and he became a Ma- 
•oa in C<iliitnbian Lodge, then under the government of Joshua B. 
Flint, M. V> , since 0, M. of the Grand Lodge of Mossachueetts. 

Tbe la§t houor be has received was aa unaniraoiis choice as Pre- 
sident of the New England Historic-Genealogical Society in 1861; 

I office be still retains; and long may he be spared to preside 
_ ixT US. It would be ungrateful in ourselves and injustice to liim 
9sA to mention the liberal and valuable donations he bas made to tbe 
Society — several hundred volumes, and some of them very rare and 
BG«tly. Be bas also made to the library of Harvard University 
ivvcrnd donations of ancient works, many of them the result of his 
pncbaac abroad. 

But I must pansc and let this brief memoir of Dr. Lewis come to 
IS end; truly lamenting that the account must necessarily be mea- 
gre and imperfect; for he was absent under the call of the U. S. go- 
vemmcnt, devoting bis professional skill to au examination of all 
tbe hospitals of New York and vicinity, where many of our sick 
m^t iToanded soldiers were sent; and of course I have depended on 
Mber sources fur information, and received not -much help from him, 
tDOcbio^ bis travels; yet from a long acquaintance, and the unbrok- 
n friwudship of many years not only with him, but his excellent 
faiber, it gives me unfeigned pleasure to offer this tribute of affection 
' lad rB«pect. 
'% " IMboI*! me, Otiomii opgram ut tibi darem."— rfrniM, 



Ynrmovth Letters. 



YARMOUTH LETTERS. 
[B^prioted from the Yarmeuih RigUttr, 1847. 
Reverend Sir; • 

These few lines are to give you an humble salute whom I cam 
bat §ay that 1 do highly reverence and esteem in tlie Lord for 
works' sake, having had a sweet taste by what I have heard from 
and read in those tokens of love you bestowed on me; truly sit 
present Age is so full of Compliment without Substance — yet I n 
not be taken to be such a mao for I delight not in being over bDi> 
in giving titles unto any ; yet at this time I pray let me be excused 
in what I now write; I trust the spirit of the Lord hath made way in 
mine heart to entertain you iti sacred affections; one tiling whercbT 
you have gained much room in my lieart is from the faithfiilnesa 
find in your ministry and in your writing, in ho much that you lei 
ygur study to strike at the nina of the backsliding times. 

Another thing which others with myself taketh notice of — that yi 
do endeavor to be exemplary to otliers in your conversation and 
tlie habits of your wife and children; I speak to tiiis end that 
may have the glory and you encouraged in your way of well doin 
fori see that in some ministera of tlie gospel that doth not well becoi 
their 80 holy a calling, whose wives and chilJren are in habit mo 
like courliers' than to be of such a family as they are; in special, 
some of the younger sort of miniulera. 

As the spirit of the Lord hath moved on you, dear sir, so I trn 
the same spirit will still abide on you, whereby you will be enabled ( 
lift up your voice like a trumpet in crying down the sins of the lira 
I truat God will not withdraw his holy spirit from you, but that t 
will enable you t^ persevere and hold out unto the end against ■ 
oppositions. And as fur God's fatherly chaateuing rod by the la 
fire that broke out I doubt uot but yon will, in experience, find God 
promise made good to you and to yours, that all things shall woi 
together for good. And as for your loss of your Synagogue or met 
ing place, I trust the Lord will move so on the hearts of some of h 
people that there will [be] ore long another built. 

Sir, I have here, enclosed, sent my sun, Tlieophilna a letter of di 
miaaion by the appointment, of the Church of Chriat in Yarmout 
though I know that I speak to one that is tender of souls, yet fatbfl 
ly affection will be working; by a letter I did lately receive from n 
sou TheophiluB 1 perceive that he is dejected in apirit; therefoi 
dear air, let me beseech you to take the mote care of him. I ble 
God BO long as he was with us, he waa well beloved of the mo 
choice brethren. Reverend Sir, no more at present, but my best i 
Bpecls with my wife's presented to yourself and your dear consoi 
leaving you to the protection and direction of imr everlasting, i; 
mortal, and uuchangable good God, in Jesus Chriat our Saviour. 
Youra to serve, 



Yarmouth, March 6, 1576-t. 



in the bonds of the Gospel, 
THO: THORNTON. 



Tarmouih LeHers. 

[Tbe saperscriptioD or the preceding letter is — "This to the Re- 
Tcreud Mr. Mather, teacher of the second church in Boston. I pray 
tAk« special care in the delivery of it." For notices of Mr. T., see 
Pell'« £ee. Hist. IV. E.. u, 316, 450, 643,] 

Yaehouth, Feb. 1686. 
BercreDtl Sir — 

Toar ever readiness to fuvor my reqaests is thwhich alone at 
smbuldcHS mo to ma upon the score which I am so far from being 
able U> quit aa yoarBclfis from desiring I should, To a truly kind 
^trit, iu things especially which are not biirthensome to perform, a 
v|i>Mmiebly insinuating an exc<.-B3 by promising of its being the last 
time is uext door to that of the Papist, who concluded his prayer to 
hai Dom: with a "L — fl, thou kuowcst I am no common beggar; 
front ine tliia one request and I do hereby promise to trouble thee no 
Dtore." There ia in this town one M/- Nathaniel Hall, a man descended 
of «<fniui}»tly religious parents; who were very happy in all their 
diilitreti, being ^infijona, men whom this Nathaniel is reckoned to 
cxcpI, who ill the late wars [King Phillip's,] received a wound, (the 
b«ll«t remaining in bis body, ) that has taken away in a great mea- 
•onr the u-te of one of his arms, for which ho bath been otherwise little 
«ni«id«?ri:-d than to have a license to keep an ordinary in this town — of 
vhich, though he might make a gainful living, yet not a peaceable, 
throQgli the difficultit's and temptations that employment esposes to, 
tocreaseU by lb© great dissatisfaction therein hia wife expresses, who 
M a datigbter of Mr. Thornton's, [Rev. Thomaa TAonUoTi,] a woman 
•JagnlBrly pious, and whose grievance under this circumstance has 
«ftCB represented (to my fancy) David's sojourning in Meshec, and 
in tbe Inndm of Kedar — but ad rem: This Mr, Ilall, through tbe raen- 
I disaster that befel him, had an opportunity of gaining some 
•kill. Dot in other arts only, but by bis esperiraents on his own 
io<3<>il body batb attained that skill in surgery whereby he bath 
<ffecte<t such cures as have discovered him a real estate. I shall not 
mmblc you with instances — perhaps you may, ere long, be otherwise 
I better informed. Mr. Thornton, bis brother, has, not a little, pat 
1 on t«> remove to Boston, and there wholly to give himself to the 
aracticf' of that art which he has been by his soro trials so happy in; 
Mt bf>tng an humble strauger to bis own abilities and somewhat fear- 
fill of ri-mrjving without good grounds to a strange place, togother 
vitb bis 'iwn and hU wife't loaCAneii to leave their aged piirerUa, who are 
ry afTectiuoste to them, and a people too where he is most beloved 
1 eatcjined, be hath hitherto be enretarded; yot declares bis wilU 
MneM, tbmugb the tcdiousncas of his prcaent employment, to break 
■11 liwsB ccirdii and get away, might he have any encouragement 
Aon •one others in Boston, bcide his brother. I thought therefore, in 
• few worda to recommend hini to yourself, who, I am confident, on 
Mf««a£«Ba, will be well affected towards him, and whom (if rny 
«piotoo i« worth anything) you will Bud a person so very well qualified 
aa to b« worlby of it, a man rational in discourse and whose ability 
t« will delight you to converse with him, and to help bim about 

I want UuDgv, which be wants knowledge in, and yourself is abundant- 



16 



Geneaiogy and Hittory. 



[Jan. 



lyahle to satisfy him about. His design also being, if he remove, to 
settle at the North end of the Town and himself and wife to joyo 
your church. His purpose very shortly for Boston, as soon as the 
vesaei can pass, by whom I shall send yon a letter to yourself, that 
from his himd receiving of it, you may, being thus preinformed, have 
occasion to take knowledge of him. And if you should, occasionally, 
before hand, lighting on his brother, Mr. Timolhy Thornton, [son of 
the Rev, Thomas Thoruton,] discourse with him, you may tbence 
meet witii better information concerning him. 

Yon re, I 

To Dk. Increask Mather. RI: HENCHMAN. I 



Philip csed ib a FehaI:E Naue. — In the last nnmlier of the Rtgidtr, 
p&gQ 324, it is asked, whether other instances can be furnished where 
tU» name PhUip has been borne by a female? 

In old Thos. Fuller's Holy Slate and Profmt State (page 155 of 
Pickering's edition), occurs the following passage: "Should God 
survey the faces of many men and women, he would not own and 
ackucwledgo them for those which he created: many are so altered 
in color, and some in sex, women to men, and men to womt-n, in 
their monstrous fashions, so that they who beheld them can not by 
the evidence of their apparel give up their verdict of what sex they 
are. It is most safe to call the users of these hermaphroditical 
fashions, FroKcisa and Philips, namts agreeing to both sexes." 

This passage would seem to show that in Fuller's time (1648) it 
was quite common to Apply the name Philip to a female. Latiuized 
in its feminine form — Flirlippa — it is historical and well known. 

Philadelphia, Oct. 13, 1862. John H. Redfield. 

Gesealoot AtfD History. — The dry branches of genealogical treea 
bear many pleasant and curious fruits for those who know bow to 
search after them. And not less interesting to the capable investi- 
gator, are the results of historical studies. The interest which has 
grown up throughout the country during the past fifteen or twenty 
years in these departments of literature, is a proof of great advance- 
ment in elegant culture, and in the enjoyment of the poetry and ro- 
! of the past ; as if by a long circle of cultivation we came 
round again to the natural graceful pride of nation and family whicb 
nourish the virtues and furnish the literature of savage and half 
savage races. It is perhaps not generally known that there are state 
historical societies, often with large and valuable collections and li- 
braries, in at least sixteen states, besides a number of similar county, 
town, and other local associations; and that in our practical money- 
loving American hearts, family pride has worked so eRectualty as to 
cause the compiling and publishing (since the first published Ameri- 
can genealogy of the respectable name of Stebbins, 12mo. Hartford, 
1771, pp. 24) of not less than one hundred and seventy family gene- 
alogies or collections of them. — Henry Ward BectAer. 



1S63.J Officers in the Battle of Lake Erie. 17 



BRIEF SKETCHES OF THE OFFICERS WHO WERE IN THE * 

BATTLE OF LAKE ERIE. 

[CommuDicated by Usher Parsohb, M. D., of Providence, R. I ] 

The following brief sketches of the lives of the commisaioned and 
warrant officers in Perry's squadron, written by one of them, at the 
n.*qiie«t of some of their surviving^ relatives, are offered for insertion in 
the Historical and Genealcgical Register. The two senior commanders, 
Perry and Elliott, are omitted, having already been sufficiently 
noticed by J. F. Cooper, A. S. McKenzie and others. The following 
persons are arranged according to the position of the vessels to 
whicU they belonged: 

Officers of the Lawrence. 

Lieut. John J. Yarkell of Pennsylvania, warranted as midshipman 
1809, cummissioned in July, 1818, served one year in a merchant 
ship io the Pacific, was ordered to Lake Erie to aid in fitting out the 
•qaadron, and was appointed first lieutenant of the flag ship Law- 
rence, which Perry commanded, until she was disabled, and when he 
transferred bis flag to the Niagara. Perry says, in his official report, 
that " finding I could no longer annoy the enemy, I left her in charge 
of Lieut. Yarnell, who, I was convinced, from tho bravery already 
displayed, would do what would comport with the honor of the flag. 
• ♦ * It was with unspeakable pain that I saw, soon after I got 
on board the Niagara, the flag of the Lawren(M> come down, although 
I was perfectly sensible she had been defended to the last, and that 
to have continued to make a show of resistance would have been a 
wanton sacrifice of the remains of the brave crew, fiut the enemy 
was Dot able to take possession of her, and circumstances soon per- 
mitted her flag to be hoisted." Again he says: ** Of Lieut. Yarnell, 
first of the Lawrence, although several times wounded, he refused 
to quit the deck." Ten days after the action, Mr. Yarnell was sent 
to Erie in command of the hospital-ship Lawrence, and soon after 
was ordered on board the John Adams, as lieutenant, and then to 
tbe Epervier, as commander, which, in 1815, was lost at sea, with 
all bands on board. He was a brave and intelligent officer, and if 
lacking' in suaviter in modo, possessed in a high degree the fortiter in 
n, and had life been spared would have made a distinguished com- 
mander.* 



• AvscooTB. — Lieut. Yaniell had his scalp badlj torn, and came below with the 
l)lood streamiDg OTer his face; some lint was hu^itily applit-d uud confined with a 
krge buidaom, with directions to report himself for better drrs-sing after the battle 
And he iiuasUgd on returning to the deck. The cannon balls had knocked to pieces 
the hammocks stowed away on deck and let loose tliHr oont«'nts, which were reed 
•r iUf tops, that floated in the air like feathers and gave the appearance of a snow 
Aorm. Theae lighted upon YarnelTs head covered witli blood, and on coming 
Mow with another injury, his bloody face covered with tho cat tails made his head 
nmmbi*: that of a huge owl. Some of the wounded roaied out with laughter that 
** the d«rii ImmI eona for os." 

2 



^cers in the Battle of Lake Erie. 



Lieut DuLANT Forest, born in the District of Columbia. He v 
appoirited midsliipman in 1809, and wan in tlie Conalitulion when i 

iiider Biiinbridge. When the Hqiiadron sailed od 
appointed acting liciitenunt of the flag ahip, and 



raptured the Ja' 
the lake he wa . . 

acted as chief signal officer. He behaved gallantly in the action, 
and was despatched to Washington with tlie commodore's official 
report and bearer of the captured flags. He sailed to the Mediter- 
ranean, as lieutenant of the Java, under Perry. He was commis- 
sioned as lieutenant in 1814, but died of forer in 1S35. , 

Lieutenant of Marines, John Brooks, son of the late governor of 
Maasachusetts, who was a colonel in the revolutionary army. Lieiit. 
Brooks slndied medicine with his father, who practiced in Medford. 
Desirous of serving his country iu a military capacity, he obtained 
an appointment as lieuteoaut of marines, and was stationed in Wash- 
iuglon when the war commeuced. He was ordered thence to Lake 
Erie, under Com. Perry, and, with a reijruiting sergeant, opened a 
rendezvous in that place and raised a company of marines for the 
fleet. He was an excellent drill officer and brought his company 
into perfect discipline. On the lOth of September, 1813, he, in the 
lieat of the battle, was struck with a cannon ball iu the hip, which 
carried away the joint, His agony was intense and impelled him to 
plead for deatb, calliog earnestly for his pistols to end his misery. 
But in the course of au hour he sank away, having made a verbal 
diapoaitiou of hia affairs to the purser, Mr. Hambleton, who lay by 
his side, also wounded, Mr. Brooks was probably surpassed by no 
officer iu the uavy for manly beauty, polished manners aud elegant 
personal appearance. 

Sailing Master Wiluam Vigneron Taylos was a descendant of Dr. 
Norbent F. Vigneron, a native of Provence d'Artois in France. H« 
arrived in Newport in 1690, where he lived to the age of 95 years, 
and died in 1764. He was a well educated and popular physician, 
and being succeeded by his son and grandson, the three occupied a 
prominent rank in the medical profession during nearly a century. 

Capt. Taylor was a sailor before the mast, then mate, and 6nally 
captain in the merchant service. Being thrown out of employ by 
the declaration of war in 1812, Capt. Perry oblained for him a war- 
rant as sailing master in the flotilla under his command in Newport 
harbor, early in 1813, and having a high appreciatiou of bis abilities 
took him to Erie to aid in fitting out and rigging the vessels there 
bnilding. Mr. Taylor arrived (here in April, in charge of a gang of 
sailors, and rendered highly important services in superintending the 
equipmcut of the vessels, being mure experienced than auy one on 
the station, in the duties of seamanship. 

When the fleet sailed to meet the enemy, the commodore look Mr, 
Taylor into his flag ship, the Lawrence. This ship was crippled in 
the battle, in her saila and rigging and masts, every thing on board 
torn to pieces, so that it required the greatest coolness and self pos- 
session lis well as skill, to prevent her going to wreck, and Mr. Tay- 
lor was the man fitted for the occasion. He received a slight wound 
in the thigh, but was able to keep the deck till the battle was over. 
The Lawrence being converted into a hospital ship for the whole 
fleet, was sent to Erie, and Mr. Taylor returned in her. He was tbeu 



1S63.J Officers in the Battie of Lake Eiie. 19 

sent to Lake Ontario ^ith despatches to Chauncy, and soon after 
obtained leave of absence to return to his family in Newport. He 
waa then placed in the line of promotion by awarding him a com- 
miasion of lieutenant in 1814, and promoted to commander in 1831, 
and finally he was made post captain in 1841. 

At the close of 1814, Com. Perry was offered the command of a 
■ew i'i'^un frigate then building in Baltimore, and was allowed 
the priTilcg'e of selecting his officers. Mr. Taylor, after serving 
some time in Washington navy yard, was selected by Perry for one 
of hia lieutenants in the Java, and for several months he was em- 
ployed in superintending her launching, rigging and outfit, and sailed 
ID her to the Mediterranean in December, 1815. He next went as 
first lieutenant under Capt. Nicholson, in the sloop-of-war Ontario, 
and was subsequently stationed two years in the Boston navy yard, 
and was ordered thence to the frigate Hudson, Com. Creighton, for 
the coast of Brazil. Being now promoted to the rank of commander, 
be took charge of the sloops-of-war Warren and Erie, in the Gulf of 
Mexico. After his promotion to post captain in 1841, he, in the 68th 
year of his age, received orders to command the ship-of-the-line Ohio, 
and took her round Cape Horn to the Pacific, where sickness com- 
pelled him to leave her and return home. 

Soon after this Capt. Taylor made a profession of religion in the 
Protestant Episcopal Church. He was charitable to the poor, sick 
and needy. On the 9th of February, after a year of long suffering 
firom disease'of the heart, he was struck with apoplexy and died on 
the 11th in the 78th year of his age. 

He married Miss Abby White, who was the mother of seven child- 
ren, three of whom died in childhood. The elder daughter resides 
with her venerable mother, the other married Lieut. Camillus Saun- 
ders, son of Gk?n. R. M. Saunders, minister to Spain, and a resident 
of North Carolina. Camillus was lost in the revenue cutter Hamil- 
ton, on the Charleston bar. The youngest son, named 0. H. Perry 
Taylor, graduated at West Point in 1816. and joined his regiment at 
the outbreak of the Mexican war, in which he was twice brevetted 
W gallant conduct. He was killed by the Indians, May 17, 1858, 
while acting as senior cavalry ofiBcer, under Col. Steptoe^s command. 

The other sou, William K. Taylor, the oldest of the children, en- 
tered the navy as midshipman, in 1828, was promoted to lieutenant, 
1940, and to commander, 1854. He has for many years held the 
lesponsible office of superintendent of the ordnance department, and 
and is recently appointed to the command of the steam sloop-of'-war 
Honsatonic, now fitting out in Charlestown. 

Capt. William V. Taylor was a prompt and vigilant officer, and 
very active in carrying on any duties assigned him, and was a tho- 
lOQghly hred mariner. 

Dr. Sakubl Hobslby, acting surgeon of the Virginia, entered the 
MTy, as surgeon's mate, in 1809, and served two or three years on 
tke Atlantic He was ordered to Lake Erie in May, 1818, as acting 
Mrgeon, and was commissioned in 1814 He died in 1821. The 
doctor was a polished gentleman, very companionable and universally 
Mleemed. His health was feeble, and much exercise of body or 
not easily borne. Paring the week previous and subsequent 



^cers in Ike BaUle of Lake Erie. 



20 



tn the batUe, he was unable to attend to prorcssinnal busineae aiMl 
did not attempt it. 

SiKCET. HiMBi.BTON, pnrser. was a Dalipe of Tall-ot county, eastern 
shore of Maryland, born 1771, on a plantation granted tu bis aiices- 
tora by Lord Baltimore, in 1659. lie waa a merchant for some j'eara 
in Georgetown. D. U., and then a clerk in the navy department, from 
wbich he was appointed a purser in 1806. From 1807 to 1811 he 
was stationed in New Orleans, under Uommodores Purler and Shaw, 
and was ordered thence to Newport, R. I., and from tiiere to Erie, 
uuder Com. Perry. He was th« particular aud conGdentiat friend 
and counselor of the commodore. All iho other commisBioni^d and 
warrant officers of the fleet averaged tho age of leas than twenty 
years, and the lieutenants alone averaged but about twenty-one 
years, and were too young to afford counsel to Perry, But Uamble- 
ton being of riper years and of excellent judgment, was the staff 
that he leaned upon for advice moi'c than any or all others, and 
whether on land or water, they were messmates side by aide at their 
tneals. During the action Mr. Hambleton fought with a musket 
until towards the close of it, when a spent cannon ball that had 
lodged in the mast, fell down upon his shonlder and fractured the 
scapula or shoulder blade; a portion of the bone was removed and 
he recovered in about four months. Tho ofBcers and crews of all 
tbe vessels appointed him prize agent, to receive and pay over to 
them whatever might be allowed them by government for the cap- 
tured fleet, which was the snm of $200,000. Early tbe following 
year he left the lake. He after tliis, in 1820, sailed with Com. Bain- 
bridge, in tbe Columbus; in the frigate Congress, Com. Biddle; and 
was on shore stations at Pensacola and at Baltimore. He died at 
bis residence. Perry's Cabin, near St. Michael's, January 11, 1851, of 
paralysis. He never entered into political life, was devoted to agri- 
culture, and president of the agricultural society. He was grave 
and dignified in his mauuers, an extensive reader, and an accom- 
plished, high minded gentleman. During many of his last years he 
was a professor in the Episcopal Church. He never married. 

[Dr. UsHSR PiBsoNS, who has furnished these sketches, was acting 
surgeon on board tho Lawrence, and is the last surviving commis- 
sioned officer of Perry's squadron. The following account of Liin 
has been compiled from various sources: 

He is a son of William and Abigail F. (Blunt) Parsons, and was 
born at Alfred, Me., August 18, 1788. (For his ancestry, see vol. I, 
page 268 of the BegUUr.) He finished his medical studies under Dr. 
John Warren, father of the late Dr. John C. Warren of Boston. Im- 
mediately after tho declaration of war, he entered tbe uavy as snr- 
gcon's mate. He volunteered for lake service with the crew of the 
John Adams. In the battle of Lake Erie he was on tbe flag ship 
Lawrence as acting surgeon; and, in consequence of the two other 
surgeons being ill, bad sole charge of tbe wounded of the whole 
squadron. Respecting his valuable services on that trying occasion. 
Com. Perry made most honorable mention in a letter to the secretary 
of tbe navy. He served the following year on the iipper lakes, under 
Com. Sinclair, and was at the attack on Mackinac by Ool. Crogban. 



1863.] Oficers in the BaUle of Lake Erie. 21 

Perryp on being appointed to the new 44-gun frigate Java, as com- 
mander, and allowed the privilege of selecting bis officers, applied 
for Dr. Parsons as surgeon. After two years' service in that vessel 
the doctor sailed two years as surgeon of the Ouerrierc, under Mac- 
doDong'b, and for two years more acted as surgeon in the navy yard 
at Gharlestown. After ten years' service in the navy, he resigned 
and settled in Providence, R. I., in the practice of medicine and sur- 
gery. He received the degree of M. D., from Harvard University, in 
1818, from Dartmouth, in 1821, and from Brown, in 18|^. He has 
been a professor in Brown Uuiversity and in other colleges. He was 
formerly president of the R. I. Medical Society, and was the first 
Tioe-presiuent of the National Medical Association. In 1822 he mar- 
ried Mary J., daughter of Rev. Abiel Holmes, D. D., of Cambridge, 
author of the Annals of America, (See Register, vol. viii, page 315.) 
She died in 1825, leaving one son, Dr. Charles W. Parsons, now pre- 
sident of the Rhode Island Medical Society. Dr. Parsons is the 
aothor of several medical works, and of the Life of Sir William 
Fepperrell, Bart., of which three editions have been published. The 
readers of the Register will find in our thirteenth volume, pages 
111-4, a speech by him at Put^in-bay, Sept. 10, 1858, the 45th anni- 
Tsrsary of Perry's victory, in which an account of that battle is 
giTeo. 

'*Dr. Parsons," says the author of the History of Erie County, 
" combines not only eminence as a professional man and scholar, but 
all the Tirtues and graces of a Christian gentleman." — Ed.] 

Thomas Breeze, the chaplain, was the son of Major John Breeze of 
the 54th regiment of the British army, stationed at Newport, K. 1., 
m the time of the American revolution. While there he became in- 
terested In a young lady, the daughter of Francis Malbone, Esq. 
At the close of the war he returned to England with his regiment, 
and, resigning his commission, he was appointed British consul at 
Newport, where he spent the remainder of his days, which ended in 
1795. He married the lady, Miss Elizabeth Malbone, and had four 
SODS and four daughters, the youngest of the sons being the subject 
of this notice. 

Thomas Breeze was placed in a mercantile house in New York, of 
T. A W. Wickham, who were soon after reduced to bankruptcy by 
the declaration of war in 1812. He returned to Newport to reside 
for a time with his widowed mother. Soon, however, he became 
wearied of an inactive life, and applied to Com. Perry, then com- 
aandin^^ a gun-boat flotilla in Newport harbor, for employment, who 
appointed him his private secretary, and on leaving for the lakes in 
JanQarjy 1813, took young Breeze to Erie, and there appointed him 
chsplain. This raised his pay and accommodated him with a better 
berth on shipboard with ward-room officers. 

When the fleet sailed from Erie to meet the enemy. Breeze was 
appointed commodore's aid in battle, the other aid being Perry's bro- 
ther Alexander, a lad of thirteen years. The duty of aids is, to run 
with the commander's orders to all parts of the ship, for amid the din 
sad uproar of battle, the crash of timbers and shrieks of the wounded, 
orders are hardly audible at the distance of ten feet. Flectnesa of 



fficers in the Battle of Lake Erie. 



font flnd aelf-posBeBsion were tlii 
which is best perrurnied byyimtliP 



reqiiisites Tor 



of ttie buttle. Uie 
work nt tlie cntnmn, i 
(iisiibled ftt the guna. 
atill more uid waa nee 
seized hold of the rop 
in working the last gi 
of aid durftig Ihe ' 



litis sprv 
Towards the cloi 



ircd to lay aside their mnstRla 
pince of sailors who are knocked down nnd 
3ut Ihe marinea were here all used np, and 
:d, and here young Breeze, with oiliirufficerB, 
and exerted i>Tcry nerve as common ttaitors, 
B. He thns served in ihe fomfold cupscity 
i, of secretary, to copy despalcheB in all di- 



■, of gunner's aid near ils close, and 
dead. In this last office, his noble voice 
lurial service very iitteresting and impres- 



rectiona when the fight \ 
of chsplaiD to bury llii 
made tbe reading of the 
Bive. 

Soon after the lake victory was achieved, Gen, Harrison embarked 
his army in the fleet and proceeded to Maiden in pnrHiiU of Gen. 
Proctor's army. Cum. Perry accompanied him as aid and took young 
Breeze in tbe train. Having conquered the enemy on both lake and 
land, the two commanders, with their Buiiea. relnrned to Erie, and 
proceeded thence to Buffalo in the fleet which conveyed troopo to 
that place. Mr. B. remained at Erie during the following winter and 
spring, and then accompanied Capt. Sinclair, commander of the sta- 
tion, to Mackinac, as chaplain and secretary. Our squadron carried 
the army of Col. Croghan, for the purpose or recapturing the fort 
which was lost early in the war. Afier failing in this enterprise the 
squadron returned to Erie fur winter quarters. Here, Mr. Breeze 
learned on his arrival, to his great joy, that Ills patron and friend 
Com. Perry had been offered the command of a new 44, then build- 
ing iu Baltimore, and allowed the privilege of selecting his officers, 
and that orders had accordingly arrived lor enough of his old officers 
on tbe lake to officer his ship; they were — Ijieuts. Turner, Thoa. H. 
Stevens, Dulanj Forrefll, Wni. V. Taylor, Purser Haiublelon, Usher 
Pareons and Thomas Breeze. Olhera would have been selected had 
they not been absent from the country. Mr. Hamblelou being prize 
agent for the Beet, declined the place assigned him. Mr. Stevena 
was about to be married and could not go, and Mr. Breeze had the 
promise of the more lucrative office of purser in another veeeel. which 
the situation of his widowed inulbcr and his sisters made it advisable 
for him to accept. He was (bus ccmpeUed to forego the pleasure of ' 
again accompanying his noble commander. He subsequently sailed 
in several vessels, and served on shore stationa up to the time of his 
decease, which occurred iu October, 1846, after a service of thirty- 
five years. 

Mr. Breeze married Miss Lucy, daughter of Hon. Richard K. Ran- 
dolph of Newport. She still survives, and lias a family of four sons 
and three dauglitera. One of the sons, IJeut. Kidder R. Breeze of 
tbe navy, a promising young officer, is on board the fleet now an- 
chored in front of New Orleans, and commands a detachment of mor- 
tar boats; and his eldest daughter is the wife of Thomas L. Dunuel, 
Esq , of Providence. 

Ur. Breeze was a genial companion, high-minded and of gentle- 
manly bearing in manner and conversation. No officer in the service 
wfts more popnlar and beloved. UU death was occaeioDed by disease i 



1863.J Officers in the BaUle of Lake Erie. 23 

of the heart, of which many of his brother officers died. There are 
onlj two persons living who were on board the flag ship Lawrence, 
▼iz: the sorgeon and Hosea Sargent of Charlestown, Mass., and 
these are natives of the county of York, Me.; and the only surviving 
ooounissioDed officer of the whole fleet is the surgeon of the Lawrence. 

Midshipmen, 

Hknbt Laicb was appointed 1809. He was struck by a splinter in 
the arm, that fractured the bone and carried away* much of the flesh, 
so as to be in danger of dying from hemorrhage; a tourniquet was 
applied, and he was ordered to another apartment and to report him- 
self after the action was over. But while the surgeon was supporting 
him in moving, a cannon ball passed through the room, hit him in 
the side and sent him from the hands of the surgeon against the 
wall, his body half severed. He was an estimable young man and 
correct in his habits. 

Thomas Culxtok was one of the most promising officers I ever met 
with in the navy. He was son of Mr. Clazton, doorkeeper to the 
boose of representatives at Washington, and brother of the late Com. 
Clazton. He was appointed in 1810, and ordered to Lake Erie early 
in 1813, where he was active in getting out the fleet, and sailed in 
the Lawrence. Early in the action he was taken below with a fatal 
woood of the shoulder, which carried away all the bones of the joint, 
the clavicle, scapula and head of the humerus, and yet he lingered 
along nearly thirty days, dying as it were by inches, and yet was 
beyond the reach of surgical aid. He was buried in Erie, and an 
address was made on the occasion by Rev. Mr. Reed, at the grave. 
No officer of his grade would have been more lamented in the fleet. 

AosusTUs SwARTOUT of New York, was appointed in 1812. He was 
badly wounded in the arm early in the action. He joined Com. 
Perry, in the Java, in 1815, and sailed in her to the Mediterranean. 
He died in 1820. 

James A. Perrt, son of Capt. Christopher K Perry, and brother of 
the commodore, was born in Rhode Island, received his warrant in 
1812, and accompanied his brother to Erie, and acted as his aid 
daring the battle, Mr. Thomas Breeze being the other aid. He re- 
torned home with his brother and sailed with him to the Mediterra- 
nean. He was promoted to lieutenant in 1818, and sailed in that 
capacity in the Mediterranean, under Capt. Crane. In a subsequent 
voyage to South America he was drowned in an attempt to save the 
life of a sailor, in 1822. He was a promising officer and his loss 
mnch lamented. The five brothers, viz: Oliver H., Raymond H., a 
lientenant, Matthew C. (commander in the Japan expedition), J. A., 
above mentioned, and Nathaniel H., a purser, are all deceased. 

Pblbo R. Dunham, son of Charles C. Dunham of Newport, born 
August n, 1794, was on board the flag ship Lawrence until a few 
days before the battle, when he was taken down with lake fever and 
was transferred to the Caledonia, Capt. Turner, for better accommo- 
dations. But he had recovered in some degree, so as to be able to 
take a part in the action, and behaved courageously. He entered 
service in 1812, was promoted to lieutenant 1818, and died of con- 
•omptioD August 17, 1822. 



ri the Baltfe of Lake Erie. 



Ofi 



! Brig Cai 



Capt. Daniel TtmNEB, IIjp Biibjcct of this Mt-f notice, was tlie a 
of Drtriiel TnnR-r Qrtd prandmin of Ur. William Turner nf Newark, 
J. He had tliret- binliertt, viz: 1,-Dr. William Turner, who was fl 
many years at the hiiad iif the medical pnifpssiiin in Newpurt, fc 
previously a surgeon's mnlc in the navy, anrt sailed in the Qonera 
Greene, and fur many yearn previous to hin death was the inet)i^ 
officer at Fnrt Wdluutt in Ncwpurt; «. Lieut, Bi-njamiu Turn 
felt in a duel willi a son of the great Dr. Rush, who afterwards I 
came a confirmed maniac in cont'equence of that fatal deed; and« 
Henry E, Turner, a most promixini? young officer, who died a fflf 
years after his appointment as midshipman. 

Gapt. Daniel Turner was appointed a midshipman in ISO 
declaration of wnr in 1812, caused rapid promotion of youn^t offict 
and younii; Turner wu« conimiHsioned lieutenant in 1813, about whtd 
time he was ordered on lake service. He hitd served under Co^ 
Rogers, in ihe President, and at the lime of his a/nvHl on the la) 
was still in his minority. He was actively employed in ripping a 
fitting out the young squadron (aided hy Lieut, Holdup and Saitin 
Maeler Taylor), until the vessels were ready for sailing early f 
August, i 

The lirst trip of the squadron, consisting of eight vessels, hdj 
officered and nianned, was across the lake to Long Point in pnrs 
cf the Bvitifb «quadroii ol five vesoele, the largest tdiip Detroit XmiM 
then at Maiden, not ready for sailing. Retnrning to Erie (he follow 
ing day there was found a reinforcement of men and officers jt^ 
arrived from Lake Ontario. In this brief excursion across the lah' 
BO sln-rt was the supply of experienced officers, that yonng Turnc 
still a minor, commanded the Niagara of 20 guns. But th" 
arriving frr<m Lake Ontario gave the command of the Niagara 1 
Cspt, Elliott, and young Turner was ordered to the third ship, the"] 
Caledonia, When the line of battle wiks formed, the Caledonia 
ranked as fourth vessel in the tine, the two sclioonere Ariel and 
Scorpiou, commanded by Packet and Cbaniplin, being ahead, followed 
by the flag ship Lawrence, then the Caledonia. Lieut, Tomer, and 
the Niagara and four smaller vessels. Turner maintained his posi- 
tion in the flght most gallantly, keeping his vessel near the Law- 
rence, within a half cable's length ; but the Niagara, as was remarked 
by the wounded ns tliey came below, was out of the place assig'ned 
ber and " out of the reocb of the enemy's guns, whilst Turner's vessel 
was in her place tighting nobly." In his official report, I'errj says 
that "Lieut. Turner bronght Ihe Caledonia into aelion in the most 
able manner, and is an officer that in all situations may he rtilied 
npon." 

In the following year, 1814. Cspl. Turner commanded one of the I 
squadron sent to coiJpiiBte with Col. Croghan, and in the following 
autumn was captured by the enemy and taken to Montreal, 

About this time IVrry obtained command of a new 44'pnn frigate, 
Ihe Java, l^uilding and filling out tn Baltimore, and as a cumplimenl, 
be was allowed to select liia officers, nearly all ol whmn were taken 
from his Sag ship Lawrence, on the lakes, with Capt. Turner, who 



I 



1863.1 Officers in the BaMe of Lake Erie. 25 

helped him rig the squadron and commanded the Caledonia. After 
a two years' craise in the Mediterranean, Turner was employed in 
several vessels, and as commander of the Portsmouth navy yard and 
of the Pacific squadron. He was entrusted with important neja^otia- 
tions in different countries, and his papers show that he received the 
highest commendations of the government for the manner his duties 
were performed in all the stations to which he had been appointed. 

For hiB services in the battle of Lake Erie his native state, New 
York, presented him an elegant sword. 

The prominent trait of his character as an officer was rigid disci- 
pline, obedience to superiors in rank, and strict exaction of it from 
his subordinates, a principle that he copied from Com. Rogers, under 
whono he served some years. The crews of our ships of war were a 
ron^h and rugged class of men, many of them had served in the 
Brititfb navy, where punishments were severe, and they required 
similar treatment, to some extent, in our lessels. Some command- 
ers, however, more than others, possessed the art of governing a 
crew by the hope of reward and by kindness, as well as by the fear 
of the lash. Reared under the discipline of Rogers, Mr. Turner was 
a terror to evil doers, and thought more of the motive power of fear 
than of affection. He was as brave as Julius CsBsar; was always 
temperate in his habits, generous to a fault, a genial companion and 
highly esteemed by his brother officers. 

He had complained some of pain in the chest for months, but on 
the day of his death was in his usual health and retired to rest at 
his usual hour, but was found dead soon after. Funeral honors were 
paid to his memory at all the naval stations, by the discharge of 
cannon, lowering the flags to half-mast, and by a large procession at 
his burial, which took place in Philadelphia. 

Capt. Turner's warrant as midshipman was dated January 1, 1808; 
his commission as lieutenant March 12, 1813; as master commander 
March, 1825, and as post captain March, 1835. He died February 4, 
1850. He left a widow and one daughter, who resides with her 
mother in Philadelphia, and three maiden sisters, now living in New- 
port. He was a dutiful and devoted son and kind brother, in short, 
he aimed at kindness in all his domestic relations. 

Acting Sailing Master J. E. McDonau), born in England. He 
acted as sailing master on board the Caledonia; was made midship- 
man 1814, lieutenant 1817, and disappeared 1818, probably died. 

Officers of the Niagara* 

Lieut. Joseph E. Smith, appointed midshipman in January, 1808, 
lieutenant March, 1813. He served under Com. Rogers in the Pre- 
sident, was ordered to Lake Eric 1813, under Elliott, and served as 
first lieutenant in the battle, in the Niagara. He soon after left the 
lakes in ill health, and died in Virginia, December, 1813. 

Lieut. John J. Edwards, appointed midshipman 1809, and lieute- 
nant December, 1813. He was acting lieutenant in the battle, and 
was slightly wounded. He died of fever at Erie, January, 1814. 

Nelson Webster, midshipman, appointed February, 1811; acted 
as sailing master on board the Niagara in the battle; commisaiuued 
as lieutenant 1814; died 1825. 




26 Officers in the Battle of Lake Erie. 

Dr. RoBKRr R. BARroN was eilncated in Philadelphia, 
ae surgeon July, 1813. and was attai;hed to Ihe Niagara. 
taken ill with lake fever prerioii» to the action, and i 
some days arter. In 1315 lie snilcd to tho Mediterranean, and on ! 
return married and BPttlod in Winchester, Va,. as a planter. He v 
a dignified and higiily respected gentleman and pbyatcian. 

HuupURCV Maoratr, purser. In 181t be blew hia brains out ini 
fitnf insanity. 

Mid. J. B. Montgoxery; native of New Jersey; appointed 181ft 
lieutenant 1818; commander 1839. and poat captain 1853. Hi 
lately commanded the Pacific squadron, and is now commander o 
the Charleston navy yaid; hits served 20 years at sea. He was ai 
elegant young officer, haa ever stood high in the navy, is a religiood 
and very exemplary man and a useful officer. 

Mid. John L. Guuuins, waa acting midBlMpmaii in 1812, and assisted 
in boarding and capturing two armed merchant brigs at Fort Eri^ 
in September, 1812, under Capt. Jesse D. Elliott and Col. LawBaii| 
in which he was badly wounded in the knee. He served on boar( 
the Niagara, was promoted to lieutenant 1818. and died iu 1824. 

CoiRLKS SutTB, Va,, appointed midshipman 1810^ was on board tfat 
Niagara in the action; died 1818, He was a very popular youDg 
officer. 

Sauuei. W. AoAHsof Swanzy, Mass., appointed 1809; dropped 18I& 
He was killed 181T, in the Mediterranean, in a merchant vessel. 

OrriCEBS OF thb Scorpion, 

Sailing-Master Stephen Chaufun. commanded the schooner 
pioa ahead of the flag ship Lawrence. She opened the ball ai 
closed it by Rring the first and lost gun of the day. We copy tl 
particulars of bis life, published two years ago in a Now York paperV 

"Capt. Stephen Champlin was born in South Kingston, Rhodi 
Inland, on the tlth November, 1789, of very respectable parenta 
His father Stephen Champlin, was a native of tho same state, am 
bad formerly served as a volunteer in the American revolution. Hn 
mother was Elizabeth Perry, daughter of Freeman Ferry, Esq,, aDi 
siater of Christopher Raymond Ferry, the father ot Com. 0. H, Perry; 

" At the age of sixteen, bis great desire to become a sailor, and hil 
natural aversion to farming, induced him to leave his paternal roof aiM 
adopt the seaman's life as a profession; which profession he succeas 
fully followed, passing through all the grades, until, after a lapse ol 
six years, he found himself in command of a ship out of Norwich. 

" At this period, on the 22d May, 1812, war about being declared 
against Great Britain, he was appointed sailing-master in the narj) 
and commanded a gun boat, under Com. 0. U. Perry, at Newport, 

■' He was then ordered to join Com. 0, H. Perry at Erie. On 
arrival he was appointed to the command of the Scorpion, in which 
vessel ho took au active part in the battle of Lake Erie; leading the \ 
van and firing the Bret gun by ihe order of the commodore, and Ihe 
last while in the pursuit of the Little Belt, which vessel he was ena- 
bled to capture and bring back to llie squadron at about ten o'clock 
the same night. 

" Subsequently to this he was, by Com. Elliott, placed in command 



1863.] Officers in the Battle of Lake Erie. Z7 

of the Qneen Ghftrlotte and Detroit, the two prize ships that were 
left in Putrin-Bay during the Winter. 

** In the spring following he was appointed to the command of the 
Tigris, under Com. Sinclair, and served under him during the sum- 
mer, by whom he was left with Capt. Turner to blockade the port of 
Mackinac. In the performance of this service he was attacked by 
an overwhelming force of one hundred sailors and soldiers, and about 
three hundred Indians, having five batteaux and nineteen canoes. 
lo this engagement he received a very severe wound in the thigh 
from a canister shoti and was taken prisoner. 

'* lo 1816 he was appointed to the command of the Porcupine, and 
ordered to proceed up the lake with Col. Hawkins and Col. Rober- 
deaa, topographical engineers, who had been directed to examine the 
line between the United States and Canada, under the treaty of 
Ghent. Subsequent to this, his wound breaking out afresh, he had 
to sobmit to a very severe operation, which, however, did not effect 
the object in view, and he has ever since been unable to do much 
active service. In 1828 he was ordered to the steam ship Fulton, at 
New York, and was detached from her a short time before she blew 
op. In 1842 he had the command of the rendezvous in Buffalo, and 
was very successful in shipping apprentices for the navy. After 
the rendezvous was discontinued in 1845, he was ordered to take the 
command of the steamer Michigan, on Lake Erie, which vessel he 
bad charge of for about two and a half years. At the time the navy 
was reformed, a few years since, he was put on the reserve list, with 
full pay, and has remained so ever since." 

Capt. Champlin resides in Buffalo; has six children. His wife died 
three years ago. He continues to be a great sufferer from his 
woand which he received in 1814, but is otherwise hale and hearty. 
He is the last surviving commander out of the nine that were in 
Perry's squadron. 

Mid. JoHX W. Wenball of Albany, or its vicinity, was attached to 
the Scorpion in the action, but he resigned soon after, and died about 
1830. 

Mid. John Clark, from Herkimer county. New York, behaved 
well in the earlier part of the fight, but he was soon killed by a can- 
non ball that struck him in the head. He was a promising young 
officer. 

Officers of the Schooner Tigress. 

Lieut. Augustus H. M. Conklin of Virginia. He was appointed 
midshipman 1809, and lieutenant 1813. He arrived at Erie from 
Lake Ontario, with Capt. Elliott, and took command of the Tigress. 
Being a dull sailer, he was unable to bring her into close action till 
near the close of the fight. In 1814 his vessel was captured by a 
party in boats in a dark night, whilst laying off Fort Erie. In Feb- 
ruary, 1820, he resigned whilst stationed at Portsmouth, N. H. He 
was an elegant officer in appearance, but too convivial even for the 
navy. 

Mid. A. C. Stout, appointed 1809, promoted December, 1814, about 
which time he died, while on his way westward from Erie. He 
•erred in liie Tigress. 




"cer* in the Battle of Lake Erie. 



Mid. Hugh N. Pici, appointcii from Virginia. 1811; was promote 
to lieiilenaut 1818, to commander 1838, and to ptmt captaiu 185( 
His amount of sea service has b«en twenty years. For two or thro 
years past he has been on ieace of abstuce in Virginia. He aerT«| 
in the TigrcHs in tlin action. He was a jovial companion, and miu 
esteemed, but has disgraced bimeelf by joiniug the rebels. 

OpFICRRS OP THE AltlEL. 

Lieut, John Packkt of Virginia. He received hie warrant as rntd^ 
shipman in 1809. A few days only before the battle, 1813, ho waj 
prvmoted to u lieutenant, and arrived at Erie a few days before tlJ 
fleet sailed, and, commanded the Ariel, a clipper-bnitt scboonen 
and in the battle ranged near the head of the squadron. This vesM 
maintained her position nobly in tbo fight. He is well spoken of fi 
the commodore's official report. Mr. Packet served at Erie son} 
years after the battle, and died of Fever, He was in the Constlt*] 
tion as midshipman, when she cnplurcd the Java. He was a gentia 
man of polished manners, and a raithful and much esteemed officer. 

Acting Sailing- Master Thouas Bsowmell, was attttched to I 
Ariel during the fight, and performed his duty faitlifully. Heorigia 
ated in Rhode Island, and went to Brie as mastet's mate, and wh 
there promoted to sailing-master, and in the following year cod 
manded a schooner, on the lake. He was an active, cnterprisiiig|_ 
officer. He received his warrant from the secretary of the navy, 
October, 18*0, and commission as lieutenant 1813; after which be 
was placed on the retired list, and be now resides in Newport, 

OrncEBa of the Bbig SouiRa. 

Saitiug-Mastcr Thomas 0. Alut of Rhode Island, vas of Quaker 
parentage. Early he commenced the life of a sailor, and at the age 
of 21 was commander of a ship, He was stationed in the flotilla at 
Newport, and was sent to Erie in charge of a ging of sailors. He 
commanded the Soroers in the action on the lake. Almy was an 
active, efficient officer, and much esteemed by his brother officers. 
He died at Erie in December, 1813, three montha after the action, of 
pneumonia. 

Mid. Davto C. Nichols, on board the Somers; appointed 1812; re- 
signed 1814. 

OrncEBS OF THE ScBo'oNiR Porcupine. 

Acting Master George Semat of New Orleans, of French extrac- 
tion. He commanded the schooner Porcupine, a vessel that lugged 
astern, being a dull sailer. In the autumn of 1814, after returning 
from Croghan's expedition at Mackinac, he became involved in a 
duel with Sailing-Master McDouald, and was killed. Hiscommissioit 
as lieutenant arrived in Erie the day after. 

Ofhcebs of the Snoop Trippe. 

Tbomas Uowvp (Stevens), was a native of South Carolina, and 

was an inmate and pupil of the orphan asylum in Charleston. Gen. 

Sterens of Charleston, on seeing him in that institution, took a deep 



1863.] Officers in the BaUle of Lake Erie. 29 

interest in his welfare, and obtained a warrant for him as midship- 
man in 1809, and six years after (1816), added, by legislative enact- 
ment^ the name of Stevens to thiit of Holdup. Hence in tracing out 
his career by the naval registers, it is necessary to look for Thomas 
HMup, for an account of his early services, and Thomas H. Stevens, 
for his later services. 

Id 1812 be was stationed on board the John Adams in Brooklyn, 
and volunteered with the other officers and the crew, in September, 
for lake service, and marched from Albany to Buffalo. In December 
following, he accompanied a party who crossed the Niagara, at 
Black Rock, in the night, to storm a battery on the opposite shore, 
in which he behaved in a gallant manner, and received a canister 
ball through the right hand which impaired its use for life. He was 
soon after promoted to an acting lieutenant. In April following he 
took charge of a gang of seamen and proceeded to Erie, a distance 
of 100 miles, and was actively employed there until August, in fitting 
And rigging the squadron. In the action on the 10th of September, 
he commanded the sloop Trippe, and brought up the rear of Perry's 
line, and passing ahead of the Porcupine and Tigress fought bravely 
against the rear of the enemy's line; and when their large vessels 
had stmck their colors and two of the small vessels in the rear at- 
tempted to escape. Holdup and Champlin pursued them four or five 
miles, and, by constant firing, conquered ami brought them back. 

Daring the following summer, 1814, he sailed as first lieutenant of 
the Niagara, under Sinclair, to Mackinac, and in the autumn was 
selected by Perry to accompany him in the Java, but he had married 
and remained in Connecticut a year, on leave of absence. He subse- 
quently commanded different vessels, was promoted to master com- 
mandant March, 1825, tfnd post captain January, 1836. He died 
suddenly while in command of the Washington navy yard, January, 
1841. He left several children, among whom were Thomas H. Ste- 
vens, Jr., who was made midshipman in 1842, and behaved most 
gallantly in the action at Port Royal. 

Capt. T. H. Stevens was the very soul of chivalry, generous, high- 
minded, gallant and heroic. He had a manly tone of voice, which 
he liked to make audible in the social circle, being a loud and free 
talker. His literary talents were of a high order for his years, and 
his loss to the navy was much lamented. His widow, who was a 
Miss Sage, died soon after him. The inducements held out to Mr. 
Holdup to adopt the name of Stevens, proved unreal, the general 
lived to see his fortune exhausted. 

Mid. Jaxrs Bliss was on board the sloop Trippe. He was appointed 
in 1809, and died at Erie, of fever, February 1, 1814. 

The only surviving commissioned officer is Usher Parsons. The 
only surviving warrant officers are Stephen Champlin, J. B. Montgo- 
mery, Hugh N. Page and Thomas Brownell, and the only surviving 
commander of the squadron is Stephen Champlin of Buffalo. 

Congress passed a vote of thanks to the officers and crews of the 
Bquadron, and awarded a gold medal to the two senior officers, Perry 
and Elliot, and to the commissioned officers a silver medal, and a 
Bword to the midshipmen, sailing-masters, marine officers, master's 
mates, pursers and chaplains. 



Recordu of Falmouth {now PorilaJid), Me. 



RECORDS OF FALMOUTU (NOW PORTLAND). ME. 
[Cnnlinned from vol. xTi, j.iige 320 1 
Intentions of Marriage, from tie Records nf the Town of Falmouth. 
Alphabetically arranged. 
Maiwell Patnt-k with Mary .Simonton, Nov. i, 17*1. Merrill Rich- 
ard will) PriBcilla Merrill, Oct. 24. 1742. McLelUn Alexander with 
Ann Rose, Feb. 6, 1743, Merrill Isiael with Abi Cawley, Aug 20, 
1743. Miller James with Mary Gray of Berwick, Doc. 7, 1743. 
Morse Anthony with Himnali Merrill, Feb. SC, 1744. Merrill Joseph 
with Abigail Blacke, Feb. 23, 1745. Maxwell Francis with Eleanor 
Porteifield, April 13, 1746. Miller Jamea of Scarboro with Eliz. 
Smith of Ful , Aug. 3, 1740. McCaualand James with Mury Poiiv, 
July 3, 1746. McUaualand Henry with Eliz. Wyman, July 3, 1749. 
Mains John of Biddeford with Elinor Johnscm, Nor. 25, 1748. Mus- 
tard John or Topeham with Sar.ih Jackson of Fal., Aug. 24, 1749. 
Uead James with Dorcas Dune, Oct. 29, 174S. Mayo Gamaliel with 
Sarah Cole, Nov. 11, 174D. Manchester Stephen with Sea-fair May- 
berry, Dec. 3, 1749. Moody Enoch with Ann Weeks, July 21, 1760. 
Maxwell Wni. with Isabel McFarlund of Biddeford, April 23. IISI. 
Morelon Thomas with Rachel Elwell, May 9, 1751. Mi-rrill John Jr. 
with Bethiah Wyman, Aug. 17. 1751. MattlicwH Samuel of New Mar> 
blehead with Eliz Roberts of Fal., Oct 3. 1751. Merrill Benj. Mr., with 
Mrs. Sarah Brown of N. Yar. Motley John with Kerinhappuck Hicke 
(never married Motley but married Brackctt), Deo 22, 1763. Mosely 
Thomas Senior with Sarah Sweetser (married June 14), Jan. 19, 
1753, Merrill James B. with Abigail Bracket, June 29, 1753, Mc- 
lutire Henry with Sarah Burnell (married Oct 25), June 30, 1753. 
MttxBeld Mr. Wm. with Susannah Webb of New Marblehead, Nov. 4, 
1753. Morse Jonathan with Sarah Sawyer, March 2, 1754. Mura- 
ton John Jr. with Patience Thompson (married Jan. 19, 1763), Dec. 18, 
1762. Motley John with Lydia Libby, July 2, 1754. Moody Daniel 
with £liz. Chapman. Aug. SO, 1T54, Morse Jonathan Jr. with Exper 
rience Paine, Nov. 23. 1754. Myer Conrad with Ruth Ray. Jan. 11, 

1755. "Mead James with Lettice Mayo. Feb. 27, 1755. Merrill Joshua 
with Mary Winslow, Nov. 1, 1755. Maybury Richard with Martha 
Bolton both of New Marblehead, Feb, 21, 1756. Morse Eliphaiet Jr. 
with Martha Mayo of Estham. April 17, 1756. Mancliealer John of 
New Marblehead with Comfort Bunker of N. Yarm, June 26, 1756. 
Miller Hugh with Eliz. Gammon widow (married by Rev. Clark, Aug. 
18) July 2, 1756. McLellan James with Mary McLellan of Gorham, 
July 24, 1756. McClellau James with Abigail McLelUn. Julv 31, 

1756. Moody Daniel of Scarboro witii Hannah Woodbury of Fal., 
Feb. 25, 1757. Merserve Clement with Mary Wooster, both of Pear- 
aoiitown Feb. 25, 1767. Mosely Wm. with Sarah Gooding. Feb 26, 

1757. Meserve John of Pearsonlown with Mary Yetty of Gorham, 
March 4. 1757. Merrill Adams with Isabella Titcomb Nov. 19, 1757. 
UcK.enuey EIea.xer with Diaua Pebbles, Not. 21, 1757. McKeuaj 



A 



1S63.] Records of Falmouth {now Portland), Me. 31 

Jacob of Scarboro with Temperance Jordan, Feb. 4, 1758. Mancbes- 
ter Slepheu of New Marblehead with Mary Bayley, March 25, 1758. 
Merserve James of Pearsontown with Mary Martin of Brunswick, May 
6, 1758. Morch Walter of Biddeford with Jerusha Brown of Gorham 
T., Aug. 4, 1158. Marstiu Jasper with Patience Mayo, Sept. 30, 1758. 
Mosher Jasper with Abigail Frost both of Gorham T., Oct. 9, 1758. 
Morton Ebenezer with Sarah Whitney, Dec. 27, 1758. Macrumness 
James of Brunswick with Mary Corbet of Fal., Feb. 15, 1759. Moody 
Hoachiu with Dorcas Oocks, March 31, 1759. Mars Dennis of Scar- 
boro with Hannah Sawyer of Fal., April 2, 1759. Mitchell Wm. with 
laiz. Clark. April 21, 1759. Merrill Abel with Abigail Knight of 
Newbary, Sept. 1, 1759. Mitchell Jonathan with Ann Loveit (mar- 
ried Feb. 24, 1760), Dec. 17. 1759. Murch Samuel of Gorham T. 
with Deborah Amory of Biddeford, Jan. 17, 1760. Man John with 
Leah Man of N. Yar., March 29, 1760. Malcom John of Brunswick 
with Abigail Trundy of Fal. April 26, 1760. Millens Robert with 
Mary Bolton both of New Marblehead, Nov. 22, 1760. McKenny 
Jooatban with Ann People, April 21, 1761. Morse Anthony with 
Sasannah Jones, May 12, 1761. Millet Thomas with Eliz. Hill, Aug. 
8, 1161. McKenney Henry with Jane People, Sept. 2, 1761. Mitchell 
John of N. Yarm. with Mary Weston of Fal., Oct. 23, 1761. McDan- 
iel Charles with Priscilla Davis both of Gorham T.. Dec. 5, 1761. 
Maxwell Thomas with Martha McCaight Dec. 24, 1761. Merserve 
John with Sarah Strout both of Pearson T., Dec. 25, 1761. McDaniel 
John Jr. of Gorham T. with Joanna Hounds of York, Feb. 25, 1762. 
McLellan Wm. with Mary Phinney of N. Yarm., May 6, 1762. Mc- 
Doogle Richard with Mary Patrick, Aug. 21, 1762. McLellan Wm. 
of Gorham T. with Rebecca Huston of Fal., Nov. 5, 1762. Mayo 
Whiteford with Hannah Mayo, Dec. 10, 1762. Moody Joshua with 
Mary Codman (married by Mr. S.), April 5, 1763. Maybery Wm. Jr. 
with Jane Miller (married by Mr. S.), April 7, 1763. Milk James Jr. 
with Molly Dearing (married by Mr. S.), Sept. 29, 1763. Morse Jose 
with Mary Purinton (married by Mr. S.), Nov. 18, 1763. Minot John 
with Jemimah Bradbury (married by Mr. S ), May 21, 1764. Moore 
Robert with Eliz. Drawn (married by Mr. S.), June 21, 1764. McLel- 
lan Alexander with Margaret Johnson (married by Mr. S.), Oct. 21, 
1765. Mann Thomas with Miriam Bayley (married b}' Mr. S.), Oct. 
% 1766. Martin John with Esther Thomas (married by Mr. S.), Oct. 
% 1766. Merrill Peter with Rebecca Eager (married by Mr. S.), 
Nov. 26, 1767. Merrill Elias with Betsey Fullerton (married by Mr. 
Sw), March 11, 1784. Moody Wm. with Molly Young (married by 
Mr. S.), Dec. 11, 1783. Marston Daniel with Nancy Grerrish (married 
by Mr- S.), Feb. 11, 1781. McDonald Abner with Folly Wiswall 
(married by Mr. S.), Oct. 7, 1781. McLellan Hugh with Abigail 
Brown (married by Mr. Brown), March 25, 1783. 

Noyes Nathan with Mary York, Nov. 30, 1735. Noyes Josiah 
I with Mary Lunt of Newbury, Oct. 1, 1737. Newman Michael with 
I EUz. Gwinn, April 8, 1744. Nason Wm. with Mary Hodgkins, Nov. 
1 16, 1744. Noyes Nathan with Mehitable Bangs of Barnstaple, July 
■ t, 1750. Noyes Samuel with Mary Merrill, Sept. 29, 1750. Noyes 
m Feler with Hannah Merrill, April 23, 1752. Noyes David with Sarah 
■ Inggs, March 25, 1758. Nason Richard with Eunice Willson, April 



Records of Falmmdk {now Porfland), Me. 



U> 



, 1759. Noyes Zt-biil 



vitii Jane Lnnt Oct. 20, 1759. NeBtfi 



villi Sarah Small (married May 13, by Mr, S.). April 2, ITS 



Newman Thomas willi LiJia Tlirash^r (married Nov. 20," by Mr. S.), 
Nov. 1, 1160. Noyes Noah wilh Suaanuah Jefferda of Wells, Sept. 
20, niil. NurtbweBt John a servant of Capt. Thomae Dailing of 
Great Britain with Eagnr Sanlia Cupnto a servaut at Rev. TliumM 
Smith, June 12, 1761. Nneon Jouatbnu with Sarnh Chick (married 
Dec. 23), Oct. 2, 1761. Nason Uriab with Bathaheba Patridfte, Oct. 
16, nei. Noyea Jos. with Ann Moody (married by Mr. S.). July 28, 
neO. NealJobn with Eliz. Neal (married by Mr. S.), April 11. 1773. 
Nowell Zachariab with Eliz. Poland (married by Mr. S.), April, 
1781. 

Owen John with Margaret Mustard, June 22, 1735. Owen John 
Jr. with Anna Hod^kiixi, April 21, 1750. O'Brion Richard willi Sarah 
Crocket, Sept. 1, 1754. Oliver Jonathan with Sarah Moaely, Nov. 2, 
1754. Otia James of Scitnato with Lucy Cnahing of Fal, (married 
Nov. 19), Sept. 19, 1761. Owen Ebenezer with Abigail Cuttun (mar- 
ried by Mr. S.), March 23, 1763. 

Palmer Wm. with Hannah Palmer reaident in Fal., July 30, 1735. 
Fcnnell Thomsa with Rachel Riggs, June 14, 1735. Prince Hcrvanl 
to Robert Danbury with Ruth servant to James Gooding, Majr 28, 
1737. Peck Tliomaa wilh Surah Whitehead of Boston, July 23, 1737. 
Porterfield Wm. Jr. with Mary Jameson, Jan. 4, 1738. Proctur Ben- 
jamin with Sarah Favor, Aug. 2, 1740. Penncll Clement with Kath 
Rl^ga, Jan. 10, 1742. Proctor John with Mary Tibbets, April 10, 
1713. Pole Gamaliel with Mary Irish both of Gorhani, Aug. 7. 1748. 
Pittman Wm. with Abisrai! Trott, Sept. 4. 1743. PorterSeld Patrick 
with Martha Jameson, Dec. 18, 1743. Plumer Uobcb of Scarboro 
with Mary Dyer of Fal., Aug, 26, 1744. Proctor Samuel Jr. with 
Eliza Juhuaou, Dec. 2, 1745. Pittman Wm. with Jonnah Nuuemj, 
Sept. 7, 1746. Parker Eliaba with Hannah Dyer. July 30, n4ft. 
Proute Job of Scarboro with Hannah Jordan, Oct. 23, 1748. Pollick 
Thomas with Deliverance Jordan, Nov. 11, 1749. Proctor Wm. with 
Charity Lunt, March 31, 1750. Pettiugale Benjamin with Abigail 
Kent of Newbury, Aug, 18, 1750. Pride Joaeph with Hannah Knight, 
Sept. 7, 1751. Pens Richard with Mary Tucker, May 9, 1752. Parker 
Benjamin Jr. with Tampaon Bootman, Sept. 27, 1762. Prince Ebe- 
nezer with Mary Ralph, Aug. 18, 1753. Penigo Ezekial of Uustoo 
now resideut in Fal. wilh Ann Wooater, Sept. 4, 1753. Poraroj 
Richard Jr. with Hannah lugersoll, Nov. 12, 1753. Pumroy Richard 
with Hannah Ourtia, Feb. 11, 1754. Preble Jedediah Esq. with Mrs. 
Mehilable Roberta, March 26, 1764. Phinney John Jr. with Kebeooa 
Sawyer both of Gorham, Sept. 27, 1764, Puriuton Humphrey Jr. of 
Georgetown with Thankful Woodbury of Fal,, Oct. 26, 1754. Pcido 
Wm. with Phehe Knight, Sept. 27, 1755. Pottinger Arthur with 
Keziah Haden, Oct 18, 1755. Pickerin Samuel with Mary Thomaa, 
March 13, 1736. Pole Thomaa with Sarah Merrill, Jan. 29. 1767. 
Parker Nathaniel wilh Hannah Roberta, Jan. 7, 1758. Pole Greoo. 
field with Jane Grant, Dec. 16, 1758. Pomroy Jos. with Huldab Stubbs 
of N. Yarm., Nov. 26, 1759 Proctor John with Mary Huaton (mar- 
ried Jan. 31), Doc. 29, 1759. Proctor Wm. with Snaannah Hall 
(married Sept. 4), Aug. 16, 1760. Plumer David with Joano^ 



1863.] Records of Falmouth {now Portland), Me. 33 

Mitchell (married Aug. 10), May 30, 1161. Pickerin Samuel with 
Mary Gilford, Auof. 8, 1761. Parker Ebenezer with Esther Higgins, 
Sept. 26, 1161. Phinney James with Martha Uarnblen both of Gor- 
hain (married by E. Freeman, Jan. 13, 1763), Dec. 21, 1762. Pittman 
James of Marbiehead with Mary Walton of Fa!., Sept. 4, 1736. 
Ptiinney Stephen with Olive Early, Feb. 3, 1760. Pearson Wm. with 
Maria Bradbury (married by Mr. S.), July 2. 1764. Pettingill Daniel 
with Hannah Gooding 3d., March 21, 1765. Plumer Moses with 
Esther Hersey, Sept. 9, 1765. Paine Jonathan with Dorcas Cocks, 
Feb 19, 1767. Poland John with Judeth Alley, Sept. 16, 1773. 
Preble Ebenezer with Dorcas Usley (married by Mr. Brown) Oct. 

r, 1781. 

Quimbce Joseph with Mary Haskell, Sept. 28, 1740. 
Roberts Ebenezer Jr. with Mary Kinniam of Gloucester, May 13, 
1737. Rundlet Nathaniel with Mary Mitchell, May 13, 1737. Rob- 
inson J*)hn Jr. with Mehituble Woodbury, Feb. 9, 1738. Rackliff 
Nelson with Sarah Moody of Newbury, May 13, 1739. Ring Benj. 
of Georgetown with Lucretia Mills of Fal., April 13, 1740. Riggs 
Wheeler with Mary Cobb, Aug. 15, 1742. Robards Vincent with 
Isabella Dyer, March 16, 1745. Robinson David with Rebecca Ran- 
dall, July 17, 1748. Reed Wm. with Marcy Tuttle, Nov. 27, 1748. 
Richards Humphrey with Sarah Mayo, Feb. 19, 1749. Richards 
Humphrey with Sarah Delano, Oct. 1, 1749. Randall Stephen with 
Deborah Sawyer of Gloucester, Oct. 6, 1750. Ropes John with Sarah 
Stocker of Newbury, Dec. 8, 1750. Roberts John Jr. with Mehitable 
Bang's, May, 2, 1752. Riggs Jeremiah Jr. with Nanny Barber, Sept. 
i9, 1752. Record a negro slave of Lt. Samuel Skillins with Phillia 
a slave of Mr. James Millers, July 28, 1753. Robenson Samuel with 
l^rbara Sutherland, July 6, 1754. Riddock Peter with Susannah 
Dolby, Nov. 2, 1754. Robinson Jedediah with Eliz. Simonton, Nov. 
?*M, 1754. Rogers Gershora with Esther Mountfort, Feb. 13, 1775. 
Hobeosou Charles with Hannah Gushing. Rogers Gershom with 
Sarah Bangs, June 26, 1756. Rideout Wm. of Georgetown with 
Mary Blackstone of Fal., Nov. 8, 1756. Ross James with Hannah 
Dyer, Ang. 27, 1757. Ryan Augustus with Sarah Morse, Dec. 23, 
1758. Roberts George with Deborah York, Oct. 20, 1759. Riggs 
Stephen with Margaret Barber, Nov. 8, 1759. Rolfe Moses with 
Abigail Jones both of Gorham, Nov. 12, 1759. Randall Stephen with 
Mercy Dyer, April 25, 1761. Robinson Ebenezer with Mary White, 
Nov. 27, 1762. Rue John Chevalie resident in Fal. with Lydia Shaney, 
Jan. 15, 1763. Robinson Robert with Mercy Brown, Jan. 15, 1763. 
Roas Thomas with Barbara Robinson (by Mr. S.), Dec. 9, 1763. 
Rand John with Jerusha Bradbury (by Mr.-'S.), July 17, 1764. Rob- 
erta Joe with Ruth White (by Mr. S.), April 12, 17*67. 
I Sawyer Edward with Abigail Pitman, Jan. 1734. Stickney David 
I with Mary Adams, Aug. 18, 1734. Simonton Andrew with Betty 
I C<»bb, Oct. 19, 1734. Sawyer Job with Miriam Hanscom, March 2, 
m 1735. Swett John with Hannah Gobb, Jan. 17, 1736. Sawyer 

■ Thoroaa with Mehitable Blake of Hampton, May 28, 1737. Strout 

■ Jot with Priscilla Thomas, March 28, 1739. « Strout Jos Jr. with 

■ Baunah Cobb, May 7, 1739. Stubbs Richard Jr. with Mercy Brown 
^ 1 ot N. Tar , Oct. 18, 1789. 

* 8 



Marriages, Births and Deaths ai Taunton, Mass. 



MARRIAGES, BIRTHS AND DEATHS AT TAUNTON, MAS3.| 



The riam''s of the children of Richard Stevina: Richard, borne 
8; NickliiB, Irornp F.b. 23, 1669; Mary, borne Jnne 
I, bi.fTie Feb. 3, 1674; Tamain, borne July 3, 1677; 
July 30, 1680. 



M'ch. 20, 1667 
8, 1672; ■ 
N»tl».m 

William Huck, Bon'of Wm- Hack, boi 

Anna, dr. of Joseph Williore, borne 7 Miiy, 1659; J.)seph dyed. 27 
AuR., 1691; Anna Wilbore mariird Stephen Miirch, 26 Jan'y. 1691. 



The nnmea of the sons and daughters of Thru 
borne 3 Octu., 1657. Lidea, borne 20 July, 1669. 
Uay, 1662. Joseph, borne 5 May, 1664. 

The nnmea of the sons and dan^hters of Willis 
B 7 April, 1657. John, borne 10 July, 16l 



Hana, 
Thoman, borne iq 

n Paul I: 
Edward, borne 11 

Feb., 1604; Mary, borne 8 Feb., 1667. Sarah, borne 5 July, 1668. AM- J 
gall, borne 15 May, 1673. 

The names of the children of Thomas Dean: Thomas, borne 1 Feb., T 
1670 ; dyed 26 Feb., 1670. Hanah, borne 14 Jan'y, 1671. 

The names of the children of Stephen Caewell: Stephen, borne 11 
Dec. 1673. Daborah. Joseph, borne 18 May, 1678. 

The tiamen of the children of Austen* Cobb: Elizabeth, borne 10 
Feb., 1670. Morgen, borne 29 Dec, 1673. Samuell, borne 9 Nov., 
1675. Bethia, borne 6 Ap'l., 1678. Mercey, borne 12 Aug., 1680. 
Abigaill, borne 28 May, 1684. 

James Walker Jr. maried Bershaba Brukea, 23 Dec, 1673. James, 
Bon of James, borne 24 Dec, 1674, 

John Hall, maried Hanna Penyman, 4 Feb., 1667. John, aon of 
Jobn, borne 27 June, 1673. Joseph, aon of John, borne 7 Ap'l., 1674. 
James, son of John, borne 8 Dec, 1675. Benjamin, aon of John, b^rne 
6 Dec, 1677. Jacob, aon of John, borne 14 Feb., 1680. Hannali, 
danghter of John, borne S Jan., 1GS2. 

John Polard, son of John Polard, borne 20 M'ch., 1675. 

Andrew Smith, the names of hia children: Andrew Smith, SOyeara, 
dyed 10 April, 1678. Mary, borne 3 Octo., 1675. Samuell, borne 16 
May, 1678. Suaana, borne 2 Nov., 1680. Andrew, borne 2 Ajj'l., 
1683. John, borue23Ang., 1685. John, dyed 6 Sep., 1685. Uartba. 
borne 20 Oct.. 1686. John, borne 3 June, 1689. Joeeph, borne 18 
Jan., 1691. Benjamin. 4 Feb., 1695. 

John, aon of Nathaniel Williams, borne 27 Aug., 1675. 

Nathanill French maried Mary Tisdill, 9 Jan , 1676. Sarab, dr. of 
NathaniU, b. 4 Oclo., 1680. 

Nicklos White Jun,, married to Ursilft Macomber of MarshGeld, 9 
Dec, 1673. Nicklos, borne 3 Feb., 1675. Mathew, borne 25 Octo., 



1863.] Manrutge»y Births and Deaths at Tauntariy Mass. 36 

1676. Ephram, borne 8 Feb., 1678. Dorcas, borne 24 Dec, 1680. 
John, borne 10 Jan., 1685 

Ssmnel Philips, maried to the widdow Mary Gob, 15 May, 1676. 
Hebitabel, dr. Sam., 9 Jan., 1676. Samuel], son of Sam., 29 Aug., 
1678. 

John GMnId, maried to Mary Grossman, 21 Aug., 1673. Mary, dr. 
of John, 19 Jone, 1674. Hana, dr. of John, 9 Nov., 1677. 

I^ack Dean, maried to Hannah Leanard, 24 Jan., 1677. Alice, dr. 
of Isack, borne 20 Nov., 1678. Abigail, dr. of Isack, borne 16 Nov., 

1680. Hannah, dr. of Isack, borne 24 Ap., 1683. NathaYiiel, son of 
Isack, borne 25 Ap , 1685. 

Thomas Oifbert, maried at Boston to Anna Black of Milton, 18 
I>ec., 1676. Hanah, dr. of Thomas, borne 28 Sept., 1677. Sarah and 
Mary, dr*8. Thomas, borne 11 Aug., 1679. Thomas, son of Thomas, 
borne 11 July, 1681. Nathaniel, son of Thomas, borne 19 July, 1683. 
IfehiUibel, son of Thomas, borne 5 May, 1686. Thomas, son of Thomas, 
dyed 1 Feb., 1692. Jane Gilbert, the mother of Thomas Gilbert, 
dyed 1 June, 1691, aged 77 years. 

John Cobb, son of John Gobb, borne 81 M'ch., 1678. 

The names of the children of John Woodward: John, borne 8 June, 
1676- Robert, borne 2 M'ch., 1678. Nathanill, borne 31 July, 1679. 
Itreall, borne 30 July, 1681. Ebenezer, borne 13 Feb., 1683. Joseph, 
borne 22 Feb, 1685. Ezekiel, borne 26 Feb., 1687. Mary, borne 26 
Feb., 1687. John Woodward Senior, died 10 May, 1688. 

William Hoskins, maried to Sarah Gas well, 3 July, 1677. Anna, 
dr. of William borne 14 Feb., 1678. Sarah, dr. of William, borne 
last day of Aug., 1679. William, son of William, borne 30 June, 

1681. Heniry, son of William, borne lastM'ch., 1683 ; dyed about 
15 Dec., 1683. Heniry, son of William, borne 12 Octo., 1686. Josiah 
•cm of William, borne 4 Ap'l., 1689. John, son of William, borne 
28 Sept., 1690. Jacob, son of William, borne 1 Nov., 1692. Stephen, 
•on of William, borne 2 Sept., 1697. 

Edward Rew, dyed 16 July, 1678. Elizabeth Walker, wife of 
James-Walker Sen., dyed 8 July, 1678. James Walker Sen., maried 
to Sarah Rew, 4 Nov., 1678. 

Robert Grossman Jr., maried to Hanah Brooks, 21 July, 1679. 
Nathaniell, son of Robt, borne M'ch. 10, 1680. Hannah, dr. of Robt., 
borne Feb. 11, 1681. A son still born of Robt., Octo. 21, 1683. 
Elizabeth, dr. of Robt., borne Feb'y 20, 1684. Robert, son of Robt, 
borne Aug. 27, 1686; dyed Apl. 11, 1687. Seth, borne Octo., 1688. 
MehitabelT, borne June 1, 1694; dyed Feb. 25, 1695. Another son 
dead borne, June 4, 1697. Bethia, borne Aug. 1, 1700 ; dyed Octo. 
I, 1794. Aug. 29, 1717 entred. 

Johana, dr. of Nathaniel Thayer, borne 13 Dec, 1665. 

Isack Negus, maried to Hannah Andrews, 7 th A prill, 1679. 

Benjamin Leonard, maried to Sarah Thrasher, 15 Jan'y, 1678. 
Sarah, borne 21 May, 1680, Sat. 4 o'clock in the afternoon. Benjamin, 
tome 25 Jan., 1682. Hannah, borne 8 Nov., 1685 Jerusha, borne 
tt Jane, 1689. Hannah, borne 8 Dec, 1691. Joseph, borne 22 Jan., 
1692. Henry, borne 8 Nov., 1695. 

Nicholas Stoton, also spelt Stoughton, maried to Elizabeth Knap 



36 



Marriages, Births and Dealks at Taunton, Mass. [Jai 
i, borne 4 July, 1679. SamQel 



>Ti»h, dr. 



n of Bridgewatlcr, IT Dec, 18 

. 1617 ; dyed 27 N.iv., 167 

iO. Sftmuell, Bon of Ezra, Lori 

Selh, son of Ezra, borne 



17 Feb. 1673. 

son of NicliolftB, bortie 88 Octo., 1690. 

JoReph Wonde, maricd to Heasler Walker, 1 Jan., 1679. 

Richard Godlrcc Jr., nmried lo Miirj Richmond, 1 Jan., II 
Ala. dr. of Richard, borne 20 Ang„ 1680 Rictiard, Ron of Rictii 
borne 1 M'ch.. 1661. Mary, dr. of Ridiard, borne 29 May, II 
Abigail, dr. of Ricbard, borne 5 Nov., 1684. Joimn, dr. of Richi 
borne 30 July, 1686. Sarah, dr. of Richard, borne 15 May., 1681 
John, eon of Richard, borne laet day Octo., 1691. Joseph 
Richard, borne 1 M'ch , 1694 or 6. 

Ezra Deanc. maricd to Bclhiah Edi 
Belliiah, dr. of Ezra, borne 14 Oc 
Ezra, t>on of Ezra, borne 14 Octo.. 1 
11 Ap'l, 1681 ( dyed 16 Feb., 168 
June. 1683. 

John White, mnried to Hannah Smilh, 24 Feb., 1679. John, son 
John, borne IS A»g., 1681. Huiirinh, dr. ol John, borne 19 Api 
1683. Josiah. dr. of J^'hn, boinc 19 April, 1685. ElizabL-lh. dr. 
John, borne I Nov.. 1687. SHmuel. son of John, borne S Aug., 161 
Abi)rail, dr. of John, borne 1 7 April, 1694. Susana, dr. of John, bor 
27 Sept., 1696, 

Israel Thrasher, sun of Christopher Thrasher, borne 15 Sept., 16l 
Israel Thrasher, maried to Mary Caswell, 15 Aug. 1676. Mftrj, ( 
of Israel, borne 7 Aug, 1677 

Beniry Hodges, maried to Easter Gollup, 17 Dec, 1674. Mary, d 
of Heniry, borne 3 Feb., 1675. Easter, dr. of Heniry, borne 17 Fel 
1677. William, son of Heniry, borne 18 M'ch, 1680. Charity, d 
of Heniry, borne 5 Ap'l. 1682. 

Samuel! Pitts, maried to Sarah Bobit, 25 M'ch., 1680. Sarah, d 
of Samuell. borne 10 M'ch, 1681. Mary, dr. of Sarauell, borne I 
M'ch, 1683. Samuel, son of Samuell, borne 12 M'ch. I6S5. Hem 
son of Samuell, borne 13 July. 1687. Abigail, dr. of Samuell. boi 
3 Feb., 1689. Fetter, son of Samuell. borne 8 Aug., 1692. Ebei 
ezer, son of Sarauell, borne 37 Nov., 1694. 

Samuel Rider, maried to Lidia Tildin of Plimouth in Taunton, I 
James Walker, Sen,, 14 June, 168 . 

Richard Haskins of Portsmouth, maried to Jane Fcuster of Tan 
ton, 2d August, 1686. 

Joseph French, the births and deaths of his children. Thomi 
borne 13 Dec, 1680 ; dved 29 Dec. 1680. Ebenezcr, borne 27 Jui 
1682. Nathan, borne 28 June, 1686. 

Benjamin Deane. maried to Sarah Williams, 6 Jan., 1681. Naon 
dr. of Benjamin, borne 1 Nov , 1681. Naomy, dr. of Benjamin, dy. 
6 Jan., 168i. Hannah, dr, of Benjamin, borne 26 Dec, 1682, Urael 
son of Benjamin, borne Feb. 2, 168J. Mary, dr of Benj. borne Jun 
15. 1687. Damarii, son of Benjamin, borne Sep. 4. 1689, Sarah ' 
of Benjamin, borne Aug. 30, 1692. Elizabeth, dr. of Benj. bom 
M'ch 22, 169^. Mehitubell, dr of Benjamin, borne June 
Benjamin, sou of Benjamin, borne July 31. 1699. Ebenezer 
Benjamin, borne Feb. 24, 170^. Lidya, dr. of Benjamin, borne Del 
11, 1704. Josiah, dr. of Benjamin, borne Octu. 23., 1707 : dyed M' 
B2, 170^, 



1863.] MarriageSf Births and Deaths at TatmUm^ Mass. 217 

m 

Joseph LcoDard, maried to Mary Black of MiltoD, 15 Dec, 1679. 
Mary, dr. of Joseph, borne 2 Octo., 1680. Ezperiance, dr. of Joseph, 
borne 18 M'cb, 1682. Joseph, son of Joseph, borne 28 Jan., 1683. 
MehiUbell, dr. of Joseph, borne 22 Aug., 1685. Edward, son of 
Joeephy borne 2 Nov., 1688. William, son of Joseph, borne 26 M'ch., 
1690. Mary, dr. of Joseph, died 8d June, 1685. Joseph Leonard, 
Sen., died 19th Octo., 1692. 

Edward Cetill, inari(*d to Snsana Oodfree, 10 July, 1682. Mary, 
dr. of Edw'd, borne 5 ApM, 1683. 

John Macombcr Jr., miiried Anna Euins, 16 July, 1678. Thomas, 
home 30 April, 1679. John, borne 18 M*ch, 1681. William, borne 
31 Jan., 1683. 

William Witherell Jr., maried to Elizabeth Newland, 14 M'ch, 
1681. 

Anthony Newland, the son of Jeremiah Newland, borne 1 Aug., 
1657. Anthony Newland, maried to Easter Austin, 6 Dec, 1682. 
Jeremiah, son of Anthony, borne 26 Feb, 1683. John, son of Anthony, 
borne 12 Sep., 1686. 

Nathaniel Hoar, maried to Sarah Wilbore, 2 Feb., 1681. Abigal, dr. 
of Nathaniel, borne 2 Nov., 1682. Samuell, son of Nathaniel, borne 
82 M'ch, 168^. William, son of Nathaniel, borne 19 April 1687. 
Hannah, dr. of Nathaniel, borne 19 M'ch., 168f. Patience, dr. of 
Nathaniel, borne 12 Octo., 1693. 

Hannah Prisberry, dr. of Joseph Prisberry, borne 1 Octo., 1715. 

Walter Morey, maried to Martha Cottrill, 17 Jan., 1682. 

James Reed, maried to Susana Richmond, 18 April, 1683. 

Hngh Brigs, maried to Martha Enerson of PI i mouth, 1 M'ch, 168|. 
Barshaba, dr. of Hugh, borne II Jan., 1683. John, son of Hugh, 
borne 15 Sept., 1686. Mehitabell, dr. of Hugh, borne 15 July, 1687. 

The names of the children of Jeremiah Newland. Anthony, borne 
1 Ang., 1657. Elizabeth, bor^ie 18 May, 1659. Susana, borne 15 
Joly, 1664. Jeremiah, borne 8 Feb., 1667. John, borne 25 M'ch, 
1669. Mary, borne 17 July, 1671. Benjamin, borne 1 Octo., 1673. 
Mercy, borne 25 M'ch, 1676. Jeremiah Newland, Sen., dyed 25 July, 
1681. 

Richard Oodfree, Sen., maried to the widdow Mary Philips, 26 
M'ch, 1684. 

Thomas, son of John Bayley, borne 27 Feb., 1683. 
_Sag>ufil Hall, Jun., maried to Abigaill Prat of Plimouth, 3 Jan., 
1683. Jonathan, sou-Of -Samuel, borne 22 Aug, 1686. 

The names of the children of Thomas Leonard : Mary, borne 2 
Aafi^., 1663. Thomas, borne 22 Jan., 1665. John, borne 18 May, 
1668. Gk>arg, borne 18 April, 1671. Samuell, borne 1 Feb., 1673. 
Bkanah, borne 15 May, 1677. James, borne 17 Dec, 1679. James, 
dyed 8 May, 1682. A daughter still born, 10 April, 1681. Seth, 
borne 28 April, 1682 ; dyed 2 Nov., 1682. Phcbe, borne 3d M'ch, 
1684 ; dyed 15 July, 1685. Elizabeth, borne 15 July, 1686. 

Edward Bobit, maried Abigal Tisdill, 1 Feb., 1683. Edward, son 
of Edward, borne 14 Feb., 1684. 



JVeu) Probate Forms in Mastachvsetig. 



[Jaid 



NEW PROBATE FORMS IN MASSACEUSETTS. 

The OeDera] StatuteH of Massachnaetts as revised aod passed H 
1859, provide (chap, lit, BectiDD 19), that the sei-eral Judges of tlu 
Probate Courts, "Bhull, from lime to time, make rules for regulatingj 
the practice, aud coiiductrug the buaiacsH of their courts, in all case4 
Dot expressly provided for by Inw, and shall returu a statement c 
their rules and course of proceedings to the Supreme Judicial Cour^ 
as soon as conveiiientty may be after mukiiig the same," and tht 
" the Supreme Judicial Court may alter and amend Ibe Hame, aiv 
make other and farther rules, from time to time, for regulating lb 
proceedings in the Probate Courts as it deems necessary, in order t 
secure regularity aud uniformity in the proceedings." 
. Under this law, Hon. John Wells of Chicopee. Judge of Prubal 
and Insolvency for the County of Hampden, and Hon. William i 
Kichardson of Lowell, Judge of Probate and Insolvency for Hiddl 
sex, the latter of whom had been one of the ComuiiEsioncrs f< 
revising the Statutes, were appointed by the Jndges of Probate, 
committee to frame proper forms for proceedings in those Court 
Tliey drew up ceriaiu forms, which were submitted to the Supreo 
Judicial Court, and approved Januaiy 1862. 

We have some uf ihose forms beloro us, and consider tliem grei 
impruveuieuts upon those previously In use. While they attain w* 
more certainly the olject for which they are framed, that is, 
transmission of property by inheritance to those who are justly ei 
tied to it, they at the same time will be of great service to the gen 
alogist. 

The PetitioDS for Probate of Wills, and letters testamentary, i 
Administration have these improvements. They give the exact da 
of death, and the names and residences of the next of kin, ofU 
embracing grandchildren, who are next of kin in right of the 
parents. Tbla directs to the residence of many persons 
tered sometimes through many different States, which it woi 
otherwise impossible to follow. They give also the names t 
husbands of married women, by which you can trace out the identi 
of females, which ia always very difficult. 

The Petition for Guardianship of Minors, gives the exact date 
the minor's birth, bis or her parentage, and tlie next of kin, if parea 
are dead. 

The Petition for Adoption and change of name of children, gii 
the place and date of birth, and tbo pareutage of the cliild to 
adopted. 

The Petition for Change of Name gives the place and date of bit 
and the previous places of residence of the petitioner, so as to e * 
blish his identity, which is very important iu after years. 

These are the points of chief interest to the genealogist ; but 
other respects also these forms are a great improvement upon tho 
previously used, aud we would recommend them as models to tho 
entrusted with the preparation gf anch forms in other states. 



]883.] Mamm Family. 39 



MASON FAMILY. 

of ike DesctfuUbfUs of Major John Mason, the Conqueror of the 

Pequois. 

[Com. bj Hon. Rbobbit H. Walwobth, LL. D., of Stratogn Springs, N. T.] 

Continued from vol. xv., page 320. 

y Oeo., 205. Dorothy Mason, m. 10 Jan., 1750, Joseph Marsh, b. 
IS Jan., 1721, at Lebanon, son of Joseph Marsh and Mercy Darkee 
of Lebanon, Conn.; they settled at Lebanon, and about 1774, re- 
moTed to Hartford, Vt., where he was the first lient. governor of 
the state, and was for several years judge of the county court; he 
d. 9 Feb., 1811. Their children were: (262) Lydia, b. 5 Nov., 1750, 
at L.; m. Josiah Rockwell of L. and had six sons and 3 dau.: Lathrop, 
Aaahel, Daniel, Joseph, Erastus, Jabez, Lydia, Clarissa and Rhoda. 
(268) Dorothy, b. 20 April, 1752, at L.: in. Eliphalet Bill, and had 5 
•ooa and 4 dau: Benajah; Eliphalet; Mason, who m. his first cousin 
Rhoda Pitkin, and was a physician; Roswell; Noadiah; Mary who 
B. her first cousin Thomas White Pitkin; Dorothy; Elizabeth and 
Almira. (264) Rhoda, b. 20 July, 1754, at L.; m. Thomas White 
Pitkin, BOD of Thomas Pitkin and Martha White, and removed to 
Yermont where he d., 1785. She had by him 6 children: 1, Thonuu 
Wkiie, b. 1772; who m. his first cousin Mary Bill, dau. of Dorothy 
Marah (263) and Eliphalet Bill and was living in 1860. 2, Rhoda, 
k. 1174; m. her first cousin Dr. Mason Bill; and d. 1858. 8, Rebecca. 
4, Bmik, 5, SoMuelfin. Elizabeth Hamlin, step dau. of Robert Ellis of 
Saratoga Springs; and was a physician; and settled at Ballston Spa, 
N. T., and removed to Saratoga Springs, where he d. March, 1823, and 
ike d. some few years later. They had 6 children: Erasmus Darwin, 
h. 1M8, m. Frances Wilcox, and d. Oct., 1860, at S. S., and had a 
faBily; Caroline b. 1810, m. James Slocum, and d. s. p.; Pamelia, b. 
1S18, m. the same James Slocum and settled at Brownsville, Pa.; 
Saaiiel who was post master at Saratoga Springs, and d. unm.; 
Boabeth, who d. unm.; Lncy, b. 1823 (posthumous) (ind d. unm. 
i, X«Ky, b. 8 Feb., 1784; m. Robert Ellis, Junior, of Saratoga Springs, 
K. T^ who d. there. She had by him two sons: Robert and Timothy 
Rtkin. She then m. Joseph Bishop Abrams; and had by him two 
4ae.: Locy Ellis, who m., 1859, James Sanford, merchant of 

Mobtle; and Mary Pitkin, who m. Stevens, and was living at 

Ailadelphia in 1860. After the death of her first husband, Rhoda 
(Marah) Pitkin m. Rev. Thomas Gross, and had by him two sons. 
1. Fitkin, a physician living at Kingston, C. W., in 1860. And 8, 
Area; who d. unm. (265) Joseph, b. 1 Jan,, 1757, at L.; m. Erepta 
Vdd, and settled at Hartford, Vt., where he d. 16 April, 1837; and 
ike d. 5 Sept., 1843, aged 83 years. They had two children: 1, Gralia, 
\ about 1785; d. 25 April, 1858, unm. 2, Mary, who m. Ira Hazen 
tf Sartford, Vt., and had 6 children: Asa, who m. Clementine Porter; 
whom. John Paul, and d. 1854; Susan J. who m. Francis 
of Newport, N. H.; Joseph M., b. 1830, d. 1855, unm.; 



40 



Mason Family. 



Ellen, b. 1830; and Waller, h. 1835. (266) Mary. h. 8 Feb., 1759, d 
L.; 111. her 2d cousin, EHjaAMetson (191), eldest son of Pelt^p SHnfoJ 
Mason (95) Bud Mary Stanton. (261) DaiM, b. 2 Jan., 1161, at LI 
ID. MarioQ Harper, and Hcttlfd at Hartford, V(., where tie d. U Dea 
1829; and she d. 18 Marcli, 1851. They had 8 ch,: 1, Ri-nctH.^ 
lawyer at Steubenville, 0., in 1860. 2, JafMi, b. 19 Jnly, 1194, ■ 
H., grad. at Dartmouth, 1811, and was congregational clergyman an 
D. D.; he m. U Oct., 1824. Lucia Wheelock, dan. of Jahn Wheolcid 
of Hanover, who d. 18 Avg., 1828; he was profesaor in Hampdtl 
Sidney College and President of the University of ViirmonL He h J 
by her a ch.i Sidney, grad. at University of Vt., and was Preside™ 
of tbo University of Oiegnn. 1860; and James, grad. at U. of V|| 
was Superintendent of Public Instructioo at the Sandwich Islandfl 
where he d. 1858. President James Mnnh then m. 7 Jan., \Wm 
Laura Wlicelcck bis first wife'a sister, who d. 16 Ang., 1838; and H 
d. 3 July, 1842: »nd hud by her one son: Jnscph, b. 1838, & tenchJ 
in Cimada in 1860. 3, Ftrry. b. about 119T, d 1844, nnni. 4, Ltm 
ard, grad. a Darlmonth, 1821, where he received the degree of m 
D., 18S2; m. Mary Pootc of Burlington, Vt., and in 1860, was Pd 
fessor of Nutiiral History and Physiology in the U. of Vt.; and had J 
family. &, Lovitn, id. George Udiil of Hartford, Vt.; and had I 
family, 6. Arabdla, m. Chauncey Goodrich of Burlington, and lefl 
two danghlers. 1, Evielv. m. Thomaa Bead of Colchester, Vt.; atf 
had a family. And 8, DaHtd, m. Lncinda Hall of Hartford, Vt.; bH 
d. and he wns in VViaconsin in 1860; and bad several childrea 

(268) Il4>nttll, b. 25 March, 1163, at L,; d. 30 Jnne, 1184, nnrf 

(269) Charlti, b. 10 July, 1T65, at L.; grad. at Darlmoulh, 1186. ad 
was a lawyer and LL. D.; he m. 1189, Anr.e Collins, b, 11 M^ 
1168, at LitcbfiL'ld, Conn., second dan. of Joliu Collins and Lydti 
Buel and grand dau. of Rev. Timothy Collins the flrat minister of ll 
and Elizabeth Hyde his wife; they settled at Woodstock, Vt., wLeM 
he was U. S. Allorney, Member of Congress, and was a trustee al 
Dartmouth College for 40 years. He had by her 2 ch.: 1, Ch&rlm 
b. 1190, at W„ grad. al Dartmouth. 1813; m. 24 Nov., 1816, hi 
second cousin Mary Leonard, b. 3 Dec, 1795, at Granville, N. Tj 
fourth dan. of Timothy Leonard and Mary Baldwin of Lansingburfm 
she d. 21 Doc, 1811, s. p.; and he d. July, 1818. near Louisville, K]| 
2, Anna, b. 10 June, 1193. at W.; m. 4 June, Iai6. Dr. John Burw3 
a physician of W., who d. 1846; and she d. 1S55; and had one child 
Mary Leonard, b. about 1820, who d. 1841, unm. Hon. Ckaim 
MtM-ih, LL. D., then ni. 3 June. 1198, Mrs. Susan (Perkins) Arnolil 
b. 9 Oct., 1116, at PlainGeld. Conn., dau, of Dr. Eliaha Perkins ad 
Sarah Douglas of P.. and wid, of Josias Lyndon Arnold, Esq., of M 
Johnsbury. Vt; he d- II Jan.. 1849 at W., where she d. 3 Jan., ISM 
He had by her 5 cbildreu. 3, Lyndon Arnold, b. 1199 at W., grad. J 
Dartmouth, 1819, and was a lawyer; im 6 Nov., 1829, Lucy Qm 
Swan, dau. of Benjamin Swan and Lucy Gay of W., where tha 
were living 1860; and bud one child: Benjamin Swan, b. 1830, J 
W, grad. 1849 at Dartmouth College. 4, Gan-ge Perkins, b. D 
March, 1801, at W.; grad. 1820, at Darlmonth College, and wad 
lawyer; m. 10 April, 1828, Harriet Buel, dan. of Oziaa Buel J 
BurliDgton, Vl,, they settled at Burlingtou, where he was 4 timfl 



1863.] Mason Family. 41 

elected to Congress, and in 1849 was U. S. Minister to Constantinople; 
she d. and he had by her 2 children: Charles, who d. in childhood; 
and George Ozias, b. 24 Aug., 1832, a lawyer at New York in 1860. 
Hon. George Perkins Marsh, then m. Caroline Crain of Berkley, Mass. 
[He is now (1862) U. S. Minister to Turin.] 5, Joseph^ b. 16 April, 
1807, at W.; received the degree of M. D. at Dartmouth, 1830, and 
wan a physician, and settled at Burlington, where he was Professor 
of the Theory and Practice of Medicine, in the U. of Vt., and d. 1 
Nov., 1841, unm. 6, Sarah Burrill, b. 5 June, 1809, atW.; m. 1 
OcL, 1828, Wyllis Lyman of Hartford, removed to Burlington, Vt., 
where Hhe d. I Sept., 1841; and had 4 children: two d. in infancy; 
Wyllis, b. 4 April, 1830, a lawyer at New Yi)rk in 1860; and Susan 
Marsh, b. 19 Oct., 1831; m. 1852, George F. Edmonds, lawyer of 
Barlington and Speaker of the House of Representatives of Vermont, 
And 7, Charles, b. 1821. living at Woodstock 1860, unm. (270) Roger. 
b. 17 Aug., 1767, at L.; m. M.iry Chapman, b. 5 Oct., 1773, at East 
Haddam, dan. of Timothy Chapman and Sarah Fuller of £. H.; they 
settled at Hartford, Vt.; and had 4 children: 1, Levi, who went west 
and d. unm. 2, Charles Chapman, grad. at Dartmouth in 1828, and 
was a lawyer at New York in 1860. 3, Edward Warren, grad. at 
U. of Vt. in 1836, and was a lawyer at New York in 1860. And 4. 
Framldin, who was a successful merchant at New York, and d. 1855; 
(271) Parthenia, b. 3 Nov., 1769, at L.; m. Elijah Brainard; and had 
9 children: Nancy; Parthenia; Lavinia; Mary; Susan; Henry; 
William; Columbus; and Joseph. (272) William^ b. 1 Oct., 1772, at 
L.;m. Sarah Marshall, who d. s. p.; and he was living at Paulet, Vt., 
IB 1860, s. p. (273) Elizabeth, b. 18 April, 1776 at Hartford, Vt., 
m. Robert Ham; and had 3 children: 1, Ida. 2, Sylvia, who m. 1st 
James Soow of H., who d. s. p.; and 2d James Benson of South 
BojaltoDy Vt. 3, Oral, who d. unm. 



Addenda. 

J. Hammond Trumbull has given me the name of the first wife of 
Major Samuel Mason; and furnishes me with evidence that Elizabeth 
the younpcest dau. of Major John Mason was the first wife of Major 
James Fitch; and that the clerk at Stonington was incorrect in 
ttmtiDg that Hezekiah Mason was a son of the second wile of Daniel 
Mason. This, with information from other sources and a memoran- 
dam I have of the children of Major James Fitch, &c., enables me to 
make, to my notes of the Mason family, the following addenda and 
oorrectioDS. 

1. Major Samuel Mason (No. 1) m. June, 1670, Judith Smith of 
Hingham, Mass. (2 N. E. Hist. Gen. Reg., 253). And he brought 
her borne to Stonington, 22 June, 1670; and he had by her, two dau. 
(who died in childhood) in addition to the children mentioned before 
(dftftfr'j Diary), 

2. Hezekiah Mason, b. 3 May, 1676, at Roxbury, was a son of 
Margaret Denison, the first wife of Daniel Mason (No. 6) who was 
•rot to her mother's at Roxbury, to be delivered, in March, 1676 (2 
Od. Rec of Conn., 418). Daniel Mason's first wife died, and was 




Mason Family. 



(J, 



buried atStoaiDgton, 13 May, 1678 {Miner's Diaty). Rebecca Hobi 
was therefore the stamd wife of Daniel Masou. 

8, EHsabOA Maion (No. 1) b. Aug., 1654, at S.; ra. Jan., 161 
Major Jn,niea Fitch, b. 2 Aug., 1649, at Saybrook, eldeet Bon of Rei 
James Fitch, the first minister of Norwich, by his first wife Abigai 
WhitSeld, tbey settled at Norwich, where he was elected one of tT 
assistauts of the Colony of Conn, in 16S1 ; and where she d, 8 Oc 
1684. He had by her 4 children: 1, Jam^. b. Jan., 1678; died wh 
a week old. 2, Jamen S'l, b. June, 1679, died early and unm. 3, Jet 
diaK, h. n April, 1681; who was liriog at Nantucket in 1736. Ai 

4 Samuei, b. 12 July, 1183; who m. Mary , and removed 

Maidenhead, N. J., where he died previous to 1736, and shew: 

living at Flnshing, N. Y., in 1736; and they bad 7 children. Jams 

Samuel, and Sarah, who were tlieu living at Maidenhead; and Uar^ 

John, Esther and Elizabeth, who were then living with their motfa 

at Pluehing. 

After the death of his first wife, Major James Filch removed 
Canterbury, Conn,, and m. 8 May. 1687. Mrs. Alice (Bradford) Adan 
dau. of Major William Bradford of Flvmoutb, and hia first wile Ali 
Richards; and graud dau. of Ouv. William Bradford of the Ma; 
flower, and his second wife Mrs. Alice Southwurth. She wi 
wid of Rev. William Adams, minister of Dedham, Mass , who d. 1 
Aug., 1785, and was the mother of Elizabeth Adams ihe wife of Rei 
Samuel Whiting the first minister of Windham (see No. 14). Maj< 
James Fitch d. 10 Nov., 1787, at Canterbury, By his second wj( 
be had 8 children: Abigail, b. 22 Feb , 1688; Ebc'ntzer, b. 10 Jao 
1690; Daniel, b. Feb., 1693; Jokn. b. 1696; Bridgtt, h. 1697; Jenui 
b. 1699; WUliam. b. 1701; and Jabtz. b. 1703. 

I was wrong in supposing that Ebenezer Fitch d. 29 May, 1751 
grandson of Nathan Fitch (No. 64), was the President of Williat 
College, as that Ebeue'/.er Fitch was born a year too early. Pi 
eideat Fitch removed to Bloomfield, N. Y., where d. 21 March. 183J 
aged 77, as Allen states. He should have said in his 77 year^ 
for President Filch was b. 26 Sept., 1756. He was a son of D 
Jabez Filch and Lydia Huntington of Canterbury, and grandson 
Col. Jabez Fitch above named, who was b. 1703, youngest son 
Major James Fitch, by his last wife, Alice (Bradford) Adams. 

4. I have also became satisfied that Capl. John Maunu (Nn. 3} . 
Ah^ail Pil(h, b. 6 Aug., 1650, at Saybrook, the eldest sister 
Major James Fitch; though I have not been able to find aiiy concll 
sive evidence of the fact. 

5. The name of Major Mason's first wife, to whom be was m. Ja1 
July, 1639, was Anne Peck. From the statement of Savage, I thin 
Major John Mason had, by his first wife, a daughter named Jiidl" 
who m. 17 June, 1658, John Bissell of Windsor, who afterwards : 
moved to Lebanon, and they had 8 children; 1, Mary, b. 1659; 
John. b. 4 May 1661; 3, Danid. b. 1663; 4, Dorothy, b. 1665; fi, . 
tiak, b. 1670; 6. Htztkiah, b. 1673; 7, Anna, b. 1675; and 8, Jtrmit 
b. 1677. (See 1 Sac. Die., 181.) 

Saratoga Springs, 30 March, 1861. 



1863.] Rogen Gmualogy and Candler Manutcript. 43 



THE ROGERS GENEALOGY AND THE CANDLER MANU- 
SCRIPT.* 

[Commnniotted bj Joseph Lemuel Chbsteb, Esq.] 

Id my Zift^ ^,, of John Rogers the Martyr, recently published in 
Loudon by Messrs. Longman & Co., I have discussed at length the 
asanmed connection of the Rogers families of New England with 
him, through his alleged son and grandson — Richard Rogers of 
WethersSeid and John Rogers of Dedham — and shown, I think, con- 
dimiTely, the entire fallacy of the claims so pertinaciously urged 
doriDg the last few years. My investigations have been of the most 
curefal and thorough character, and I am satis6ed that there is little, 
if any, more to be learned on the subject from responsible sources 
at present accessible. Tracing my own descent distinctly from John 
Rogers of Dedham (the name being preserved to my maternal grand- 
Dother), I have felt the disappointment as keenly as any of the 
tfaoossnds of my countrymen at home, with whom, in common, I have 
always heretofore indulged the agreeable delusion; and they may 
rert assnred that I spared no pains to establish, as a fact, what I 
was finally compelled to pronounce, under the overwhelming weight 
of eTidence, an utterly baseless fiction. 

In the progress of that work, I necessarily collected a mass of 
information respecting various branches and members of the great 
Sogers family, and have since been pursuing my researches especial- 
ly in reference to the history of John Rogers of Dedham and his 
immediate connections. The man himself was worthy of a more ex- 
tended biography than has ever been written of him, and was also 
of still greater importance, as being the direct ancestor of so many 
of the American families of his name. 

In the prosecution of these special researches, I have recently fal- 
len open a series of remarkable blunders, hitherto received as au- 
thentic statements, of a character so serious, considering their origin 
and the manner in which they have been perpetuated, that I feel 
JQBtified in resolving upon their public exposure at once, instead of 
delaying until I may finally use the materials I am now collecting in 
another manner. That the strictest accuracy, in all genealogical 
•tatementSy can not be too strongly insisted upon, is an axiom, the 
ioiportance of which I need not discuss. The variation in a single 
name or date will often invalidate, or involve in inextricable confu- 
lion, an entire pedigree. It is sad, then, and as unaccountable as it 
is aad, to find now that a series of serious discrepancies in the Rogers 
pedigrees, as at present recognized, owe their origin to what can 
only be regarded as sheer carelessness in a man whose very name 
was, and ought to be. a sufficient guarantee for the correctness of 
any statement to which it is attached. 



• Thii jurticle was forwarded for the Begister in February last to a gentleman in 
fkii city, but failed to reach ns. Mr. CliHwter iiaving heard notliing from his article 
Wft Aogust, sent to the Corresponding Secretary of the Historic-Genealogical So- 
wfy a second copy, which reached us in Soptumber but too late for iosertiou in 
^October number. — Ed. 



44 Rogers Genealogy and Candler Manuscript* [Jan. 

In my Life of the Martyr, I refer only casually to what is known 
as the "Candler MS.'' in the British Museum; its contents, so far as 
the Rogers pedigree is concerned, being necessary for my purpose 
only as they tended to confirm my position relative to the absence 
of any connection between the Martyr and Richard and John Rogers 
of Wethersfield and Dedham. A recent more careful examination 
of it leads me to concur in the universal opinion of the best antiqua- 
rians, that it is a document of great value, and that full reliance is 
to be placed upon its statements. The known character aiid habits 
of Candler alone render him a safe authority, and another fact is 
also important, viz: that his volume is not a general collection of 
indiscriminate pedigrees, but is confined to those families living in 
his immediate vicinity, and with which he was more or less intimate- 
ly connected and associated. He was not only the contemporary of 
those whose history he thus recorded, but they were always bis per- 
sonal friends, and not unfrequently his relatives. He possessed, 
therefore, every facility for ensuring accuracy in his details, and 
it is remarkable that in this portion of his work, he confined himself 
almost exclusively to his contemporaries and their descendants, very 
rarely going back more than a generation or two — as, for instance, 
he commences the Rogers pedigree with Richard and John of Wethers- 
field and Dedham — (both living in his time, although he survived 
both many years), simply giving them a common ancestor in " Ro- 
gers, of the North of England.'' It may also be said that, in other 
instances, pedigrees, otherwise legally established, are found to agree 
strictly with those in his volume. His entries are often indistinct, 
and sometimes can not be readily reconciled; but a careful study of 
his system — and it certainly requires a careful study — will enable 
one generally to arrive at satisfactory conclusions. 

Regarding the Candler MS. therefore, as authentic testimony — 
and, I repeat, it is so regarded by the best antiquarians in England — 
I may now say that, if any additional proofs or arguments were 
wanted, after those I have adduced in my Life of the Martyr, that 
Richard Rogers of Wethersfield and John Rogers of Dedham were 
not descendants of the Martyr, the question would be forever sot at 
rest by the pedigree therein contained; for Candler unmistakably 
represent them as brothers^ and as boy or man, he knew them both. 
Now, John Rogers of Dedham died in 1636, at the age of sixty-fire, 
which would establish his birth at about the year 1571, sixteen years 
after the Martyr's death. If, therefore, this fraternal relation existed 
the theory that Richard was a son of the Martyr is necessarily ex- 
ploded. If, on the other hand, Candler is repudiated, I fall back 
upon the other facts and arguments presented in my volume, and in 
addition, defy the production of a solitary tangible proof, of any sort, 
that John of Dedham, as is alleged, was a grandson of the Martyr. 
It is to be hoped that we shall all acquiesce quietly in the certainty 
that we have hitherto been laboring under a delusion — an agreeable 
one, I admit, but still a delusion — and be content with tracing our 
origin to our somewhat less illustrious ancestor, whose memory, 
however, is still revered, and whose name is still perpetuated as 
" the famous preacher of Dedham." 

To return to the primary object of this communication, I mast 



1S63.] Rogers Genealogy and Candler Manuscript. 46 

direct jonr atteDtion to a paper published in the Collections of the 
Msssackusetts Historical Society, vol. x, 3d series (1849), commencing 
on page 147, and which was presented to that society two years pre- 
Tioaalj. It relates chiefly to the genealogy of the early Suffolk emi- 
grants, and is founded almost entirely upon the facts furnished by 
the Candler MS., the value of which is there attested by the dis- 
tiDgoished author of the paper — the late Rev. Joseph Hunter, one 
of the most eminent of the English antiquarians, and one whose 
statements are usually, and very properly received as authoritative. 
Indeed, the article is professedly a synopsis of that MS., so far as it 
applies to the families to which it refers. 

Relying upon the well known character and antecedents of Mr. 
Hnnter, not only as a general antiquarian, but as having passed 
almost his whole life officially among old English records, both pub- 
lic and private, not a suspicion ever arose that the valuable details 
be thus furnished, might possibly lack the important element of cor- 
rectness, and the statements thus made were unhesitatingly adopted 
M the basis of certain family pedigrees now recognized as authentic. 
As I propose to conflne myself at present to a single pedigree — that 
of the Rogers family — I may say that the author of the elaborate, 
laborious and valuable statements concerning that family, published 
in the Historical and Ckneahgical Register, commencing in the number 
for April, 1851 (vol. v, p. 105), evidently depended entirely upon Mr. 
Hunter's paper for several of the items in the earlier portions of that 
pedigree. I have no hesitation in assuming this to be the case, be- 
cause Mr. Hunter was the first to publish some of them to the world, 
aad because they are to be found nowhere else than in the Candler 
MS., whence Mr. Hunter confessedly obtained them. 

Kelying, like every one else, upon the reputation of Mr. Hunter, 
mtil very recently, no suspicion of their possible inaccuracy was en- 
tertained by myself. An experience of several years in similar re- 
Marches, and the frequent detection of similar errors, had led me, 
bowoTer, to the conclusion never to trust any statement of the sort at 
lecond-band, when I could have access to the original authority; and 
•o,in pursuit of every item of information bearing upon the history of 
John Rogers of Dedham, I sat down to a careful examination of the 
Candler MS. itself. The results I propose now to give, in order that 
she necessary corrections may be made in the pedigrees at home. 
While I have no excuses to make for Mr. Hunter, I shall neither utter 
any reproaches on account of his numerous inaccuracies. It is, per- 
kapSy due to his memory, to suggest the probability that his eye ran 
over the pages of the MS. very hastily, and that he merely gathered 
ihe items embraced in the paper referred to, currente calamo, while his 
real object was the accomplishment of some other purpose. It is 
dearly apparent that whenever a difficulty arose respecting an entry, 
lie jumped at a conclusion, instead of studying the matter attentively, 
and being guided by a previously acquired knowledge of Candler's 
iptem. For bis palpable mistakes in names, there can be no excuse 
vhatevcr, for Candler's writing is quite legible when compared with 
tke usual chirography of his time. It is to be regretted that the 
errors were committed, and have been bo long perpetuated; but I have 
|itat pleasure in now correctiug them, and in presenting to the mem- 



46 Rogen Genealogy and Candler Manuscript. \Jt 

berB or the Rogers fiimily the rtal statements of the Candler JK 
the only reliable authority yet discovered on the genealogical poio 
in question. 

Referring to Mr. Hnnter'a paper itself, in the Mass. Hislorieal Soa 
CoUeetums, I will notice them inconsecutive order. Tliey will also I 
readily found in the article ia the RegitUr already referred to. 

Error I (p. 1B3). — Speakinp of Rev. Ezckiel Rogerfl, ». of 
Richard Rogere of Wethersfield, who removed to New England, '. 
Hooter says: '" Candler has preserved his wife's name — Sarah, da 
of John Everard, citizpn of London." Now, the MS. unmistafeabl 
repi-eaents Sarah Everard as the second wife of Daniel Roge^ 
brother of Ezekiel, by whom she had four cliiliiren — Hannah, who I 
Roger Cockingtoo; Samuel, lecturer at Cree Chiifcli, London; a< 
Mary and Margaret, who, both d. without iasne — her husband havil 
had a s. Daniel by his first wife, Margaret Bishop. 

Error 11 (p. 161).— Speaking of Rev. John Rogers of Dedharo, ] 
Hunter saysr "Candler informs ua that he was thrice marri« 
The family of the Grat wife ia not named; the second was Elix 
Gold, wid. of Jno, Hawee; and the 3'' Dorothy Stanton, w 
Ricb'i Wiseman ol Wigboroogh in Eaaex." Tlie MS., io the Rogei 
pedigree, aays, plainly enough, that the name of tl»o second wile wi 
Elizabeth Gale. If there waa room for any doubt in the chirugrap) 
in this inatance, which there ia oot, it would be thoroughly remove 
by an entry on another page (fol. 164), where the marriage 
"Elizabeth Hawes, only dau. of John HawcB, liy his wife Eliz. Ga 
3J wife of John Rogers, " ia recorded, and where it is imposaible ( 
mistake the lett«ra, and to whicb entry Mr. Hunter aleo refers. 

Error III (p. 164). — Mr. Hunter says: " Caodler spcaka only 
one eon and one daughter [of John Rogers of Dedhara]. The dau^ 
ter married Jno, Hudaoo, rector of Capcl, Ac." The entry from whii 
Mr. Hunter quotes is found in the Hudson and not the Rogers pe^ 
gree (fol. 22t, b.). and gives the dhhw of the daughter — "Mary." I{ 
omissioo by Mr. Hooter is equivalent to an error. 

Error IV (p. 164).— Mr. Hunter says: "The ouly son of J(Ji 
Rogers [of Dedham J of whom Candler speaks * * * was Nat 
auiol Rogers, a soo of Elizabeth Gold, the S') wife." In the MS., tl 
oetial cooectiog lioca are distinctly drawn to indicate that Nathani 
was the issue of the first wife; hot, if this were not suffioieot to a 
tabliah the maternity, Caodler carefully added to his deacription i 
the second wife, Elizabeth Gale, the words — "she had -no issue;" whi 
he also described Dorothy Stanton as "the third wife of John Ro] 
ers, by vihotn ht had no itsue," How Mr. Hunter could have overlook! 
both the connecting lines and the positive declaration of Candler 
ntterly onaccouotable. This error is highly important, as the d 
Hcendaota of John Rogers of Dedham can no longer claim as tb« 
great ancestress Elizabeth Gale alias Qold, but must seek her \ 
some olher lady, yet nameless, who was h\i first wife. 

Error V (p. 165). Speaking of the children of Nathaniel Roger 
the New England pioneer, Mr. Hunter says: "Candler, writing aboi 
1660 [the MS. givea the exact date — 1656], meolioos four Hona- 
John, Nathaniel, Samuel and Timothy — but gives no more than tfa 
uamea. It seems, also, that there w«b a daughter, married to Wi 



J863.] Sogers Genealogy and Candler Manuscrifi. 47 

Ham Hobert, who may be the William Hubbard who took his freedom 
May 2d, 1638."'^ Mr. Savage adds the following note: ''Margaret, 
daagfater of Nathaniel Rogers, married William Hubbard, the his- 
toriaOy H. C, 1642." Mr. Hunter derived this information about the 
daughter whose name also he omits, from an entry in the Enapp 
pedigree (fol. 165), which, referring to a daughter of John Knapp 
and Martha Blosse of Ipswich, reads literally thus: "Judith Knappe, 
wife to Wb> Hobert; a daughter of hers married Mr. Knight, minister 
of St. Mathew's Parish in Ipswich: W^ Hobert married Mary, 
dao^ht. of Natha. Rogers." But, in the Rogers pedigree, Candler 
gives the children of Nathaniel Rogers as John, Nathaniel, Samuel, 
Timothy, and ** Mary, married to Wm, Heley,^' This entry Mr. Hunter 
entirely overlooked. I shall not stop to discuss the question whether 
this is a discrepancy of Candler's, or of what weight is Mr. Hunter's 
toggestioD that the former entry refers to the historian Hubbard. The 
names in the MS. are respectively ** Hobert " and " Heley," beyond a 
doaht. The name of Hubbard's wife was, I believe, unquestionably 
Margaret, It is not unreasonable to suppose that Nathaniel Rogers 
bad two daughters — Mary and Margaret — and that the former mar- 
ried Heley. One circumstance would seem to confirm this presump- 
tion. Immediately adjoining the entry in the MS. concerning this 
dsD^hter Mary is another, written at right angles with it, and which 
has no direct connection with any other on the page — though I can 
not assert positively that it has any with this — containing these 
words: " Her 2d husband was Harsnet 'Clarke: " whether the latter 
is a surname, or intended to denote the profession of a Mr. Harsnet, 
can not be determined. If this latter entry refers to Mary Rogers, 
wife of Heley, there must have been, as I presume there was, an* 
other daughter, Margaret, who married Hubbard. 

Error F/(pp. 166--6). Mr. Hunter says: " The best information 
given by Candler is that the wife of Nathaniel Rogers, and the 
ancestor of his distinguished American posterity, was Margaret 
Crane, a dau. of Robt. Crane of Coggeshall in Essex, by Mary hie 
wife, dau. of Sam^ Sparhouse of Dedham: which Rob^ Crane 
married a 2d wife Margaret, daughter of Rob^ Maidstone of 
Broxted Hall in Essex, relict of Walter Clopton. This may seem to 
bring" the wife of Nathaniel Rogers into some distant affinity with 
Jno. Winthrop, the 6ov^ whose 2d wife was a Clopton." This para- 
graph embraces not only an important error, but also an absurdity 
so gross that I can not forbear directing attention to it. First, the 
error: the MS., in the Crane pedigree (fol. 233), very plainly gives 
the name of the first wife of Robert Crane, the mother of Margaret 
Crane, wife of Nathaniel Rogers, as ** Mary, daughter of Samuell 
Siparkawke of Dedham in Essex." It is impossible to mistake the 
ehirography. We, therefore, who now represent that " distinguished 
I American posterity" of Mr. Hunter's, must bo content to be trans- 
I formed from SparkouMes into Sparhawks, in spite of his persistence in 
I the former orthography, which he introduces a second time, on page 
I 166. The absunlity alluded to is briefly this: Nathaniel Rogers' 
I wife's stepmother was the widow of a Clopton. John Winthrop 
I married a Clopton. I leave the exact degree of ''distant affinity" 






• Wmiam Habl9Md, frstman 1638, was fktlier of WUliam, the historian.— Ei>. 



48 Rogers Genealogy and Candler Manuscripi. [Jan. 

existing between Mrs. Rogers and the Governor to be determined 
by some more mathematical genealogist than I can claim tu be. 

Error VII (p. 166) Mr. Hunler says: "Half-sister to Nath^. 
Rogers was Elizabeth Hawes, the onl}* issue of whom Candler speaks 
of the marriage of John Hawes and Elizabeth Gold." Tbier error is, 
of course, rectified in the remarks connected with Error II. Her 
mother's name was GcJe^ not Gold, and she was not Nathaniel 
Rogers' half sister, as she was not the daughter of either bis father 
or his mother. 

The importance of this exposition of the foregoing errors will 
readly be seen from the corrections necessary to be made in the pre- 
sent received pedigrees of the Rogers family. It is true that the 
paternal line of descent is little, if at all affected; but is certainly 
of some interest, if we can not ascertain who our great-grandmothers 
really were, to be able to determine who they were not. 

It will be perhaps, more satisfactory, if I now give what is 
clearly the correct reading of the Candler MS., so far as this parti- 
cular family is concerned. The version by Mr. Somerby (in vol. rv, 
of the Register^ p. 179) is incomplete and indistinct, owing to the im- 
possibility of arranging and connecting, by the ordinary typogra- 
phical rules and spaces, the various entries as they appear in the MS. 
It also omits some important entries, and is otherwise defective. 
Nothing but a fac simile, or photographic copy, could give a orrect 
idea of this particular pag^e. The MS. is Harleian, No. 6071, and 
the Rogers pedigree is to be found on fol. 238 &., with two entries on 

fol. 239. It commences with " Rogers of , in the North 

of England," who had two sons, Richard and Jolui. 

John, ' the famous preacher of Dedham," whose family is first 
mentioned, although certainly the youngest, had three wives. The 
first is not named; the second was ''Elizabeth Gale, the relict of 
John Hawes;" and the third was "Dorothie, daughter of Stan- 
ton, the relict of Rich. Wiseman of Wigborough in Essex, Gent." 
By his second and third wives, he had no issue: and the only child by 
bis first wife, here named, was "Nath". who married Marg^ daughter of 
Rob^ Crane of Coxsall in Essex," and of whom it is further said " he 
died in New England: he left issue, John, Nath'^, Samuel, Timothy, 
Mary married to Wm. Heley." 

Then follows Richard Rogers, the brother of John, who is described 
as ** Lecturer at Wethersfield, who wrote the 7 treatise & sundry 
other Bookes of great vse — a man of great woorth & very faithful 
in his ministry." He had two wives. The name of the first is 
not given, but the second is thus described: ''Susan daughter of 

, was first the wife of John Ward [Preacher at Haverhill in Sof- 

folk], & after his death was y« 2^ wife to Richard Rogers, by whome 
she had no Issue." His children by his first wife are thus mentioned: 
1st. " Daniell Rogers, who succeded his father in y« place of Lec- 
turie at Wethersfield — an eminent schoUar & preacher who hath 
many workes in print — he, being one of the eminent fellowea in 
Christs Colledge in Cambridge, was the aduancer of Dr. Amies, 
whomo he brought in to bee fellow there; 2d. "Ezra, s. p.;" 3d. 
Nathi^, 8. p.;" 4tli. " Ezekiel, an eminent preacher yet liueing, but all 
his issue dead before this yeare 1656." 



jRo|p«r( Geneahgy and Caadltr Manuscript. 49 

liel Rogers, llie eliicst boh, murried, let. " Mitrgiii-et Bishop," 

mm be litu) a sun "Daiiiel;" anO ad'i. "Sarah, daughter of Jdin 

>r>rd, a citizen in Louduu," by whom he Iiad iaaue thus described: 

Hsnuab, wife of ItoRer Cockinjton, by whom he had twu children 
Bugcr and Suinutjil — she hath had eiooe his death, 2 or three hue- 
bwicU;'' "Samuel Rogers, Lecturer at Cree Ciiurdi in London;" "Mary 
k iUrjiaret, s. p." 

Daniel Rogers, son of Daniel Roger§ and Margaret Bialiop, is thne 
dMcribed: " Eector of Wotton in Northamptonshire — be married 
Dorotliie Ball, daughter of the then Maior af Northampton— his 2d 

•rifu was , daughter of Reading, Conneellor at Law." 

Candlur gives the names of eight of bis children, and seems to inti- 
■tUe that live of them were by bis first wife, but it is impossible to 
determiuc how they shouM be distributed. They are mentioned as 
follpwe: Ist. ■' Daniel, s. p."; 2d. " Dorothie;" 3d. " Sarah, married 
U John Bedell, a citizen in London — she died of her 3'' child &, all 
ket issue is dead;" 4th. " Richard, rector of Clopton in Saff." who 
narriud " Elizabeth, daughter of Charles Humphry, gent., the relict 
rf Matthew Brownerig, rector of Clopton in Sufl'.," and had issue 
"Bqinplirv," "Elizabeth," " Cnlverwell, a. p." and '"Sarah;" 6th. 
/owpb, b' p.;" 6lh. Natli';" 1th. Abigiiil;" and 8th. " Bzekiell of 
Shaironi ill Essex — he married daughter of S' Rob'. JoUoaon, the 
idict of ." 

The foregoing is a complete synopsis of the body of the Rogers 
p»digreo as given by Candler. There are, besides, six distinct en- 
tries, closely huddled together — three written horizontally and three 
perptfodicularly on the page, and noilher of them haviu^ any direct 
connectiou with the principal entries, or with each other. I give 
than literally: 

L " Her 2d Husband was Harsuot Clarke." 

S. " William Jenkin, of Christs Church in Loudon." 

Z. "JUary, ma. to Daniel Sutton." 

J. '• Elizabeth, m. to Tho. Cawton." 

i. "John — Ezekiel — Anne, to Clarke, a minister." 

S. "Abigaile." 

Ths Sd, 3d and 4th of these entries can be disposed of at onco. It 
ft well kuown that Rev, William Jenkyu, then of Sudbury iu Suffolk, 
Mkiried a daughter of Richard Rogers of WetherBfield, and had a 
tta of the same name who was subsequently ejected from Christ's 
Ikarch. I^ondon; and also that ocie of bis daughters — Elizabeth — 
■anied R'-'v. Thomas Cawton, an another eminent Puritan mioiBter; 

il« Candler in another part of his MS. (fol. 163), aays that 

' id) Sutton " (son of Thomas Sutton of Leek in Staffordshire, 
Tgaret, daughter of Hugh Holiushed of Heyward in Cheshire) 
', SB hia second wife, " Mary, d. of Wm. Jeiikiu of Sudbury, 

& of , d. of Richard Rogers of Wetbersfield, CI." and 

me, Ist. "Daniel" (who probably died youug); 2d. " Wm. s. 

>Jd. "Daniell;"4th. " Mary," and 5tli. "John." 

Tbc ruystery attached to the 5th and 6th of these entries, I think 

B also able to clear up. I have in my possession a contemporary 
ty of the will of Rev. William Jeiikyn the youuger (of Christ's 
neb), date<l iu 1632, iu which bo leaves legacies to bis "sisters 



60 Bogers Genealogy and Candler Mamacript. [Jofl 

Anvt Clarkt and Abigail Taylor," and it is thus rendered almoet ceiv 
tain that Iheperaons named in these two entries were also the children 
of William Jenkyn of Sudbnry, and consequently, grandchildren of 
Richard Rogers of WelJiersfield. 

This leaves only the first of these entries to be diBpoeed of. 1 have 
before suggceled that it might refer to Mury, the dau, of Nathaniel 
Rogers, who m. William Heley; bnt it may, on the contrary, be in- 
tended to indicate Elizabeth Jenkyn, the wife of Thomas Oawton. 
It is certain that she survived her husband, and that there were 
preachers about that time of the name of Harsnel. From the po^ 
tioD nf this entry on the page, it might refer to either; but, as tM 
other five of the group all relate unquestionably to the Jenkyn family^ 
1 think the presumption is strong that the widow Cawlon subscquentlj^ 
m. Rev. Mr. Harsnet, and that Candler so intended to intimate. 

It may also be interesting to possess an account of the ancestTJ 
of Margaret Crane, the wife of Rev, Nathaniel Rogers of New Eag^ 
land, and with that and the other occasional entries already quote^- 
1 furnish everything that Candler says in reference to this family. 

The Crane descent (fol. 233) is summarily as follows (I qaot*. 
literatim): 

1. " Robert Craine of Chilton, Esq.=Bridget, dau. of S'. ThotnMI 
Jernin off Rushbrakc, Knt,, sister of S' Ambrose." 

2. " Henry Crane, Esq." 

3. "Henry Craioe, EBq.= Jernegham; she had been wife to 

S' Wymond Cariey, Knt." 

4. " S' Robert Craine of Chilton, Kjit. and baronel= Susan, ds& 
of S' Giles Alington, Knt." 

5. " Robert Crane of Uoxhall in Easex^sMary, dau. of SamnaB[ 
Sparhawke of Dedham in Eesex." 

6. " Margaret, m. to Nathaniel Rogers, rector of Assington, wheniMi^ 
be went into Nfw England." 

It is, perhaps, proper that I should add that, on a cursory exami- 
nation of the rest of Mr. Hunter's article, I do not notice so many or 
such serious discrepancies in reference to the other families he men- 
tions; but it is certainly extraordinttry that be should have concen- 
trated such a series of blunders into bis brief synopsis of this single 
pedigree, and still more extraordinary that the errors should not have 
been detected until this late day. 

It is also right to state that the Rogers pedigree, as given by 
Candler, is certainly defective and incomplete, and only to be relied 
upon BO far as it extends. In this communication I have con6ned 
myself to a discussion of his MS , but hope, at some no distant day, 
to be able to arrange and present complete and satisfactory results 
from the thorough and minute researches into the genealogy and 
history of this particular family in which I have been for a long 
time engaged. Besides the mass of information I have already col- 
lected, I am becoming since the publication of my Memoir of the 
Martyr, the depository of the records and traditions preserved in 
numerous families in England, either bearing his name or claiming 
descent from him, and design eventually to produce another voluDoe 
of a purely genealogical and anecdotal character, which, I have 
reason to believe, will prove acceptable on both sides of the Atlantic. 

London, August 80th, 1862. 



Carter Genealogy. 



CARTER GENEALOGY. 
{CommDniokted hj Aabon Sabdent, Esq., of SomerrUle.] 

1. Thomas' Carter was born in 1610, and came frum Hei'tfurdsliire, 
EoglaDd. in 1635, in the Platitet', having receivRd hia degrees at St. 
Md's Oollege in 1629 and llj33; resided ia Dedham and Water tow d, 
tad W&8 ordained minieler uT Wobtirn, Nov. 23, 1643, and died there 
Sept. a, 1681. His wife Mary died March 28, 1681. 

Cb.: — (2) Sa.vtud;i [+] b. at Watertown, Aug. 8, 1040, grad. at 
Harvard College, 1660, m. in 1672, Eunice Brookit (b. Oct. 10, 1655. 
ij»a. of John): resided in Woburn and Oioton, and d, in 1693. (Bis 
vidow m. John Rendall.) (3) JwtUh,'^ m. Oct. 14, 1660. Samuel 
tlouvers; m. 2d. May 2, 1612, Giles Fideld and d. 1676, (4.) TheopkUv.!,^ 
b. Jnae 12, 1645, and d. Feb. 15, 165^-. (5) Mary;ih. July 24, 1648, 
O. iu 1611, John Wymau, Jr.; m. Oct. 31, 1676, Nathanifl Bacheldor 
and d. in 1688. (6) AHgaii;^ b. Aug. 10, 1649, m. May 7, 1674, 
John Smith. (1.) Dtborah:' b. Sept. IT, 1651 and d. Dec. 14, 166T. 
(8) 7i«o(Aj;,* (-f] b. at Woburn, June 12, 1653, m. May 3, 1680, 
limaFiake (d. Jan. 27, 1713, dau. of David); resided in Woburn, 
kDd d. July 8, 1827. (9) Thomas,'-' [+] b. at Woburn, June 8, 
1668; m. in 1682, Margaret Whltmore (b. Sept. 9, 1668; d. Oct. 5, 
1734; dau ot Francis) and resided in Woburn. 

S. Samtbl* Cartib bud ch :— (10) Mary;^ b. July 24, 1673. (U) 
SaxBri,^ b. Aug. 27, 1675, and d. Sept. 10. 1676. (12) Satau^,^ [+] 
b. Jan. 7, 167^, m. Dorothy Wilder; (dau. of Natb't) resided in Wo- 
burn and Lancaater, and d. Aug. 20, 1738. (13). John.^ b. March 14, 
168?, and d. in 1705. (14) Tlumat;-^ [+] b. Apl. 3. 1683, m. in IIOI 

Ruth (b. iuieai; d. Dec. 25, 1739) rtsided in Lancastfir and 

d. Mch. 31. 1738. (15) NathanUl,^ b. April 7. 1685. (16) EvMtu,^ 
l.Mch. 29, 1687. (17) AbigaU,^ b. May 30, 1690. 

e, TfKOTBY--' Carter had ch.: (18) David^' b. October 17. 1681. 
(19) Timothy.^ b. July 12. 1683. (20) Ann.« b. July 17, 1684. 
(aij TiTnothy.^ b. Oct, 19. 1686. (22) Theophilui,^ b. Oct. 20, 1688. 
(») THnatt*.'! b, Aug. 17, 1690. (24) Abigail,^ b. Mcli. 18, 1692. 
(») SaroA,^ b. Nov. 24, 1694. (26) EliiahakJ^h. Aug. 27, 1696. 
tat) Benjamin,^ b. Mch. 22, 1699. (28) Mary,^ b. June 23, 1700. 
(29) Martha, b. July 23, 1702. (30) Benjamin,* b. Nov. 8,^1704. 

9. Thomas'' Oabteh had ch.; (31) Mi7-y.« b. October 5, 1683. 
(32) Humnn;^ b. June 13, 1686. (33) EUazer,^ b, Apl. 20, 1689. 
(U) Daiiul,^ b. Aug. 10, 1691. (35) Ebauzer,^ b. Sept. 24, 1695. 
(S«) £jr«,3 b. June 23, 1701. 

12. Samuels CABTERhud ch.: (37) Samud,^ [-f ] b. in 1703, m. Feb. 
U, )725. Jeniirna Houghton and resided in Lancaster. (38) Na- 
H*«id,« [+] b. in 1706. m. Feb. 9, 1731. Thankful Sawyer and resided 
in Uucaster, (39) Janalli-ni,^ [+] b, in 1711. ra. Darnaria Whit- 
comb, resided in Lancaster, and d. Mcb. 19,1799. (40) Eyhraim.* 
f+] b. in 1713, m. Mcii 24, 1736, Mary Osgood (b. in 1718; d. May 
Jo. 1738}; m. in 1739 Abigail Wilder and resided in Lancaster. (41) 
OSmt,* [-f ] b. in 1115, m. in 1738, Beulah Wilder (dau. of Benjar 



Carter Genealogy. 



1 

9; d. ■ 
ail 1 



niin) resided in Lancaster and LeoinioBter, and d. in lt90. {43)1 
Joiiah* b. Jan. 26, 1726. m. in 1145, Tabitha Hough (b. in 1729; <" 
June 29, 1810), resided in Leominster and d. Feb. 14, 18ia. 

14. ThomasS CiffTKB had ch.: (43)JtM(A.'' b. Apl. 36, 1708. (44) 
Abigail,* b, Deo. 29, 1711. (45) John.i b, 23, 1713. (46) Thomat* 
b. Feb. 12, 1714 aod d. Apl. 3, 1116, (47) TAomai,* b. Apl. 30, 1116, 
(48) Elizabeth* b. Jan. 11, 1718. (49) James,* b. Feb, 8, 1T20. 
(50) Sarah,* h. Nov. 6, 1122, and d, Aug, 10, 1723. (51) Sarah* 
b. Nov. 10, 1725. (52) Phineas,* b. Dec. 6, 1727. 

37. Samckl* Cabteh had ch,: (53) Millyanl,^ b. Aug. 29. 1726, 
(64) ijicy,* b. Aug. 18, 1727. (55) Dorolhy," b. June 21, 1729. (56) , 
Mtry.sb, Feb. 17. 1131. (51) 2ii.BtM,= b. Feb. 6. 1132, (58) Dinah£. 
b. Feb. 1, 1134. (59) Samud,^ b, Jan, 7, 1736, (60) StaiUen,^ b*^ 
Feb, 15. 1138. (61) Prudmcc.^ b. Ap!, 18, 1743. (62) Jtmiuta,^ 1^ 
Sept. 15, 1147. 

88. Nathaniel^ Carter had ch,; (63) Natkanid,^ b. Dec. 11, 1136; 
(64) Eliesfi h, Ncv, 24, 1131. (65) Susanna,^ b. Apl. 20, 1139. 

39. Jonathan^ Oahteb had ch.: (66) Damaris,^ b, Jan, 1. 1737. 

40, Efhraiu' Carter had ch.: (61) Mary," b, January 4, 113X.! 
(68) Ephraim,^ b. May 21, 1140. (69) Ephrain," b, June 15, 114S, 
hO) Beulah,^ b. Oct. 14, 1141. (71) Eelief,^ b. Aug, 10, 1151. 
(72) Oliver,^ b. Sept. 12. 1757. (13) Eflief,^ b. Sept. 13, IlSft, 
(14) Abel,'- b. Dec. 22, 1761. (75) Hi>A,a b, Feb. 21, 1164. 

4L OuvBB-' CiBTEBhadch.: (16) BfwfaV b. Sept, 18, 1139, (H)' 
OKwr,* b. Mcb. 6, 1741, m. Priacilla Browu. (18) BetiUih.' b. Oct. J 
9, 1145, m. Elijah Fairbanks. (19) Ephraim,^ [+] b. Nov. 25, 17*8, 
ID. Joanua Wheeluck (d. iti 1803; dau. of Jonathan); resided in Leu- 
minister, and d. May 1, 1811. (80) AbigaU.'^ b. Feb. 26, 1151, m. 
Saml. Fierce). (81) Elizabeth.' b. June 23, 1763, m. Ephraim Whit- 
comb. (82) Estier,^ b. Jan. 19, 1756 and d. io 1711. (83) Maph,^ 
b. July 23, 1158 and d, Dec. 23, 1176. 

79. ErHRAiM* Carter bad ch.: (84) Joanvo,i^ b. June 25, 1769. m. 
Luther Hale, and d. Aug., 1803. (85) Ephraim," h. May 19. 1772, m. 
MarlhaPhclpaandd. Oct., 1850. (86) WUder," [+]b. Feb. 10. 1174, 
m, Jan 16, 1805, Dully Sawyer (b. Apl. 26, 1718; d. Jau. 16, 1861; 
dau. of Manasseb); resided Id Leominster, and d. Fib. 29, 1148. 
(81) T/tomaa," h. Nov. 29, 1115. m. Rebecca Cooper and d. Nov. 19, 
1853. (88) Esther,-' b. Aug. 21, till. m. Aug. 24, 1813, Saml. S. 
Sargent. (89) Asaph," b. Sept. 11, 1119, m. Kuth Drake, aod d.Jan. 
185S. (90) Abignil," b. July 4, 1781, ni, Solomon Richardson. (91) 
ImIcc," b. Nov. 24, 1183, m. Nancy Hatch, and resides in Cambridge. 
(92) iitty," b. May 15, 1786, and d. Jan, 12, 1196, (93) Cephat,' 
b. Aug. 18, 1193, m. 1" Mary Murphy; m. 2' Margaret Murphy and 
resides in Northbridge. 

88. WiLnsR* Cakixr had ch.: (94) George B.' b. Aug, 8, 1806, tn. 
Nov. 19, 1835, Caroline M. Oollyer (b. Sept. 26. 1812; d. June 26, 
1836; dau. of John), and resides in Boston, (95) William S.' b. 
Mch. 8, 1811, m. Dec. 23, 1843, Ann S. Warren (b. May 20, 1825), 
resided in Leominster, and d. June 6, 1849. (96) Harrison H.^ b. 
Not. 3, 1814. 



\ 



S63,l Leilers of William Ellety. 



LETTERS OF WILLIAM ELLERY, ON THE OPPOSITION TO 

TOE UNION. 

IConimunk'Btud by jEBEurAU Colrcen, Ksq., of BoBtou.| 

The following letters by William Eliery, one of the Signers of the 
Etodarstion of Indepeudence, iire from the origiuaU in my poeaeaaioD. 
They relate to the opposition in Rhode- Island to entering the Union: 
Newport, Juue 1, 1789. 

Sn: Yonr letter of y" 27th April did uol come to hand <;arly 
CDtfagh, to receive an answer by the last post, la answer to your 
qneation. to wit: " What will your Stale do in your separation from 
tbe CaionT" I answer go to the dogs, if lliey should so continue. 
3dly. "Will yonr State decline the juriadictiou of Congress to col- 
ket tlie Impost duties?" I believe thej- would if Congress should 
Uteaipt to exercise such jurisdiction; but there is no probability 
ibftt Congress will make such an attempt; and besides the General 
Acaenibly of this State passed a most curious Impost Act, at their 
last SevaioD, which you bave, without doubt, seen since your wrote 
joar letter. 

I perceive that some of the good people of Boston have been mis- 
Q^oraied respecting that Act. It was altogether a brat of the ma- 
jority, and waB calculated to amuse CoogriiBti aud perhaps give the 
paper tooney leaders an opportunity to finger some specie. In its 
pnsent form it cannot, I tbiuk, be executed. OurLeginlature will meet 
next Koiiday. We shall then see whether the majority mean to call a 
CoovflDtion or not, and then perhaps the Impost Act may be revised. 

Congress seems to bo disposed to be lenient towards the nonaccced- 
bg StAtes. Lenient measurcB will not do with the Aoti Fed'a in this 
Suto. The idea of exporting the productions, wares and manufac- 
tores of this State to the Stales in the Union, duty free, which is 
Strongly implied, in the clause of the bill for collecting the federal 
Inpoet, published in a late Providen(:e paper, has raised tlie spirits 
of the majority mightily, and will certainly keep their opposition 
•lire and in vigour. When our lime, barley, &c., appeared in tlie list 
of enoiuerated articles, their creata evidently fell, when they were 
•tmck out they began to rise, and since the appearance of the clause 
referred to, their crests not only stand erect, but the majority actu- 
ally Stmt and crow! How long, Lord! bow long! 
I am Sir, 

Natli'l Appleton, Esq., Your most obed't servant, 

Boston, Massachusetts. Wiluau Ellbky. 

Newport, Jan'y 2d, 1790. 
Sot. Oar Gen'l Assembly will meet next Monday week, and I hope 
«U1 Older a Cooveutioo to be called; but it is uncertain. The acccs- 
of Nortli Cafolina to tlie New Government has giveu a consi- 
4vablc sluick to our wicked majority; but I am afraid that nothing 
«hicti dutb not apply immediati-ly and forcibly to their interest will 
nw indDOe tbem toembrace the Union; and their interest cannot be 



54 Letter of Sifas Deane. 

effected much by any reBtnctions wliich Congress mny Iny on our trsde^ 
until the next fa!i; which is the time wlien they export ihe surpluna^ 
of their cheese, barley, lime. &*, Ac. As for any injury the merchania 
may sustaiu from such reslrictions, the majority would rather rejoice 
at than lament it; ao great in their aversion to thero, because they 
are Fed's and have opposed their base paper money system. A re- 
qnisition of specie to be paid in a short time, and, if not paid at the 
period assigned for payment, to he eollected by force, would have a 
more speedy effect than any other measure which can be devised, but 
this might be thought too harsh a measure; and I hope, as I have 
already mentioned, that the approaching Session of our General As- 
sembly will render any coercive measures unnecessary. 
With great regard, 

I am, Dear Sir, 
Nath'l Appleton, Esq., Your most obed't servant, 

Boston, Massachusetts. Williau Ellbbt. 



LETTER OF SILAS DEANE TO JOHN HANCOCK, 1778. 
[Communioated bj CBABx,Ba E. Morre, Esq., ot WasMngton, D. C.j 

Philadelphia, September 14th, 1778. 
De*r Sir. I have not had the pleasure of a line frym you since 
you left ua, which I impute to your having been ao much engaged in 
public Business. I hope the Articles (Sword, Ac.,) sent you, arrived 
safe and were found to satisfaction and that we shall soon have the 
Pleasure of seeing you again in Philadelphia by one meaus or 
another. The Affairs which respect me have dragged on so heavily 
that nothing decisive has been done, though I have been constantly 
applying, and my patience is really worn out, and I cannot, and will 
not longer endure a Treatment which carries with it marks of the 
deepest ingratitude, but if the Congress have nut Time to hear a Man, 
who they have sent for Four Thousand Miles, solely under the pre- 
tence of receiving Intelligence from him, it is Time that the gixtd 
people of this Continent should know the manner in which Their 
Representatives conduct the public Business, and how They treat 
their Fellow Citizens, who have rendered their Country the most im- 
portant Services. I freely appyal to every man of lionor and feelings, 
and will be content to be judged from what passes in his breast, nu 
eupposing himself but for one moment exactly in my Situation. A 
Majority of Congress are disposed to do me justice and complain of 
my being delayed in the manner I am from day to day, and from 
week tu week, but yon know that in Congress a few men can put off 
the decision of any Question by one means or other as long as they 
please; and you are not a Stranger to what a certain Triumverate, 
who have been from the first members of Congress are equal. The 
baseness and ingratitude of one of them you have sufficiently ex- 
perienced in private Life to know him capable of anything in pub- 
lic, — and my old Colleague Roger the Jesuit, with their Soulheru as- 
sociates, have been indefatigable ever since my arrival. Roger 



'iwraj 



Letter of Silat Deane. 



indeiMl is at present on a Tour to the Army, and Tlienge to New 
Uncen. to etir up the pure minds of tlie Faithful thc're againat the 
DPXt Electiun of Delegates, he ia expected back in a few days, whco 
pvrbaps tbey will be ready to take thi; Field after having §uggeeted 
IB Whispers every thing that could tend to hurt the Men they causo- 
teaaly attack. I am uo way discouraged, but I am grieved to fiud 
<mr Coancile and our public deliberations conducted in the manner 
Ihcy are at present. The very name of Congress, was a great 
I vhile sacred almost as that of ihe Bivioity in these States, you as 
wll &a I know hon much weakness to say nothing more, lay con- 
I oe«led from the first behind the sacfed vail, from the view of the 
paUic. I tremble for tbe ConseqenceB, when Americans who have 
MTved their Coaotry with the highest reputation at home, and abroad, 
■lull be forced by the injuries and abuse which they receive, iu 
jicktion of themselves to draw this vail, and hold up to tbe 
vtew or Ibeir Countrymen certain individuals, who have by om 
enmstauce or another greatly influenced the deliberations of Con- 
gress. Self Defence is the first Law of Nature. I hope and am 
sure I shull not be driven to this extremity whilst so many appear 
raaolved lo see justice done me. I Will not add, but that I most ij 
p«tie&tly expect you liere, and hope that you will bring Mrs. Ha 
cock with you, to whom 1 pray you present my most respectful Com- 
ptimeots. I am ever with the most sincere attachment, 

»Dr, Sir, Your most obed' and 
Very hum'" Serv', 
Sius Deanb. 
OD. Silas* Deane, the writer of the foregoing letter, was a son of 
* and Hannah (Barker) Deane of Groton, Ct., and a descendant, 
igb his sou John'', from James' Deane. who, about 1671, settled 
blacksmith at Stonington, Ct., and whom the town records of 
year represent" as "formerly of Scituate." Hon. Silas Deane 
-ina born at Groton, D^c. 24, I73T, grad. at Y. C. 1758, and settled 
H a merchant at Wethersfield, Ct. At tbe Revolution he early es- 
poused tbe cause of his native country and was a delegate to the 
Continental Congress, 1774 to 1776; Political and Commercial Agent 
of Congress in France, 1776, and a Commissioner from the United 
States to the Court of Versailles, 1776 to 1778. For some of tbe 
principal facts in his life, see the Register, vol. lit, p, 381. Mr. Deane 
nsd good reason to complain of his treatment by Congress. — Ed.] 



LiBRiBT Sales in Lohi>on. — Several large sales of books Lave taken 
place last year in London Among tbe rarities were: a copy of the 
h^ian Bibkhy 5o\n\ Eliot, jS^S; Mather's ilfo^i/w CArUti Americana, 
£1: 11: 6; the Pint Complete Version of the Bible in EnglisJt by Miles 
CoTcrdale, printed iu 1535. jE250; Burnet's History of His Own Time. 
large paper. £30: 10 ; Jefferson's Noles on Ike Stateof Virginia, 1782, 
jCS: !0; m-ne A^Uograyh Letters of King IVUliam the third of England, 
JtS; JUttwinenjrf Bibk of the Fourtetalk Century, ou vellum, £104. 

• J. Hainmond TtambuU, ^., M3. letter. 



Vie Vassalts of JVew England. 



[J&& 



^ 



TDE VASSALLS OF NEW ENGLAND. 
(Commmilcftleil by Edw AttD DotDiRDAT IUbeis, Esq , of Camtriiluc.) 

It Latj beeo the intention to embody in t 
rollowing communicatioii. all the importniit i, 
forniatiuu that ie upon record iu New Englaaj 

concerning the VaHBoll familj. Wliere ftag 

^^^H^^^ discr^ pftDcicB in dates or facts on record bavj^ 

^^^B^^^V been detected, both authorities are generally 

^^^^^^^H[ given, and no errors iu previously publieLiM 

^^^^^^^^ft sketciies of the family have been corrected 

^^^H^^^Hl without unquestionable authority from one or 

^ ^^^B^^KP^L more sources. To present anything like a com- 

Uv^^^^^^^^^l<j plete or perfect genealogy of th<i family with 

^te^'ti fi^^^i^ ® resources at our command, is simply an 

^•^^^"^eP^^-"-'^ impossibility. Some individuals, notwithBtand- 

■^llSlr^h'?!^''' ' ""■ '" '"S all efforts to the contrary, have been eo- 

ow.-AihJpniibiDuuuid tirely lost eight of, but to compensate in a 

jMn'^M^ngx.BiDicr measure for this, the writer has the satisfaction 

piopipobir™. ^f presenting much that is newand interesting 

concerning others of whom nothing has been heretofore publislied. 

It is to be hoped that the subject may receive further attention from J 

descendauts in England and the West Indies, that the work thud 

begun may, in time, be Gatisfaclorily concluded. V 

1, JoBN Vassall, the lirst of his name of whom we have any de- 
finite information, was an alderman of London, and iu 1588 dtted 
out and commanded two ships of war, with whicli he joined the royal 
navy to oppose the Spanish armada. He was the dCHCcndaut of an 
ancient French family, traced back, it is claimed, to the eleventh 
century, of the house of Du Vassal!, Barous de Gucrdeu, in Querci, 
Perigord. He had sous: 3, Samuel; and 3, WiUiam, 

il.) 2. Sauuel Vassall was one of the original patentees of lauds 
in Massachusetts in 1628, and an officer in the company; was an 
alderman of London, and M. P., in 1640-41; look the covenant in 
1643; in 1646 was appointed commiseioner for the kingdom of Bug- 
land for the conservation of peace with Scotland. Uis monnroent in 
King's chapel, Boston, New England, creeled by Floreiitius Vassall 
in 1766, sets forth that ho was " a steady and undaunted asserter of 
the liberties of England in 1628; he was the first w!io boldly refused 
to submit to the tax of tounage and poundage, an unconstitutional 
claim of the crown arbitrarily imposed ; for which (to the ruiii of bia 
family), his goods were seized and his person imprisoned by the 

star chamber court The parliament in July, 1641, voted 

him £10,446 : 12 : 9, for his damages, and resolved that he should 
be further considered for his personal sufferings." Failing, however, 
to recover the amount of his damages, be petitioned parliament, 
January S3, 1657, i^howiug that he had endured imprisonment for 
about sixteen years, and beeu stripped of bia goods; that despite 
the vote of parliament "ho bad not received one penny;" that 



_ i 



TTie Vtt$salh of JVew England. bl 

:\1 -.a had been lent to the pailiftmCBt by him in Ireland 
dietr great straigljta;" that £3,328 : 2 : 7 were dne for the service 
of one of his ships; and besides all this, another veesel — the May- 
flower, had wb«n laden and manned, been taken and made use of 
against the enemy "to the overthrow of his voyage and his great 
l(«ae." His name headed the subscription list to raise money against 
the rabcia iti Ireland, and his whole life was indicative of the energy 
tad liberality which characterized many of his descendants. He 
bftd one son: 4, John. 

(l.) 3. Wn.Liiii Vassall, born about 1590, the first of his name 
who e&tne to this country, was au assistant in the Massachusetts 
Bay Company, and one of the original patentees of New England 
latids. At a formal meeting of the governor and company heM Octo- 
bers, 1439, he, with others, was appointed "to go over," and in 
fte next year he arrived in this country, but retarned after a short 
stey, iu Che tthip Lyon, In June, 1635, he embarked with wife and 
MX children on boai-d the Blessing, for New England. Upon his 
irtiTftl here it would seem that lie settled firet in Roxbury; for we 
fad in the Church Records of that town the following entry, made 
by the Rev. John Eliot in his account of the church members: " Mrs. 
Anna Vassaile, the wife of Mr. Willia Vassaile. Her husband 
bninglit five children to this land, Judith, Frances, John, Margaret, 
l£»ry-"* How long he remained at Roxbury we do not know, but, 
NoTtfiuber 28, 1636, we find him connected with the church at Scitu- 
ate, ID which town Deane says he erected a house in 1035, on laud 
laid out to hitn by order of the court, and which he called We^t 
Newlaud. He took the oath of fidelity at Scituate, February 1, 1638. 
In December, 1639, license was granted him "to make an oyster 
bed in North River," before his house. In 1642 he was chosen one 
ef » council of war, aggressions having been threatened by the 
Sarrfti^an setts, and in 1643 his name appears on the militia roll. In 
1644—5 be was prominently concerned in the division of the cbnrch 
ftt Scilnatc, and the settlement of Mr. Witherell over the disaffected 
ioD, against the advice and protestations of the churches at Ply- 
"i and Marshfield. The separation of the churches arose par- 
frum the views held by its pastor, the Rev. Charles Chauucy, 
the ordinaticti of baptism, with whom Mr. Yassall had early 
doctrinal points.')' In 1646 be sailed for England, in the 
ly. in aid of a petition for the redress of wrongs in the govern- 
and never returned, but in 1648 removed to Barbadoes, and 
died in 1656, aged 65 years. His will is dated at Barbadoes, 
13, 1655. He bequeathed to his son John one-third, of all his 
ktes, and the remainder to his daughters Judith, Frances, Ann, 
Margaret and Mary. His son was appointed executor, and in his 
abeence Nicolas Ware, who appointed, May 8, 165G, Capt. Joshua 
Hnbbnrd of Hingham, hla attorney for the sale uf the Scituate estate, 
by virtue of two writings, one signed by Resolved White and James 
Adams, February IS, 1656, and the other by Margaret and Mary Vas- 
•all, March 3, 1655—6. The estate was conveyed by Joshua Hubbard 

• And oue Qtliar, Ann, urierwnrtls married to Nicolwt Wkie. 
I Pur an iuterf^Uiig dlncmaion u( llie subject stv T)mDp'^ Sriu 



The Vatsalh of JVew England. 



to John Cusbcn ami Mulhjaa 1 



about 120 ( 



vitli ho. 



■i&gs, 



ind bui 



f>ir £120, and coiiRiated ti 
. The deed was signed h^ 




Bubbard, Resolved White and Judith hiH wife, and James 
Adams, July 18, 1667. By his wife Ann, born abont 1590, he bad 
issue: 5, Judith; 6, Frances; 7, John; 8, Ann; 9, Margartl; 10, 
Mary. 

(2.) 4. JoHH Tassall, married Anna, the daughter of John Lewis, 
an Engiiah resident of Genoa. He carlj settled at Jamaica, West 
Indies, and there died. His widow survived him and died between 
1723 and 1725. He had at least two sons: II, WiUiam; and 12, 
Leonard; from whom descended all of the name of whom wt: have 
any subsoqueut record.* 

(3,) 5. Jddith Yassall, born about 1619; joined the church at Sci- 
tnate, May U, 1637; married Resolved^ White, at Scituate, April 8, 
1640, and died about 1670. Children were: WUUam, b. 1642; JcAn, 
b. 1644; Samad, b. 1646; Raohtd, b. 1648; Anita, b. 1649; Elixor- 
bttk, b. 1652; Josiah, b. 1654; Sitsannak, b. 1656. 

(3.) 6. Fbances Vassai.l, born about 1623; married Jameat Adams, 
at Marsbficld, July 16, 1646. Children were: William, b. 1647; 
Anna, b. 1649; Richard, b, 1651; Mury, h. 1653; Margaret, b. 1654. 

(3.) 7. John Vassall, born about 1625. In 1643 his na roe is on 
the militia roll of Scitnate; freeholder in 1647; lieutenant under 
Oudworth in 1652; and later, bore the rank of captaiu. December 
16, 1652, he sold his house in Boston, with land attached, to Mark 
Hands, " Naylor," for JE59. In 1661 he sold his Scituate estates and 
removed, it is supposed, lo the West Indies, but later, according to 
Savage, " was engaged in the settlement at Cape Fear, N. C, and in 
1657 applied for relief here to be sent to himself and followers." 

(3.) 8. Ann VASSAii, born about 1629; married previous to July, 
1665, Nicolas Ware of Virginia, and aettled, probably, at Barbadoes. 

(3.) 9. Margabet Vassall, born about 1633; married after March, 
1656, Jo8hua§ Bubbard. The deed of aale of her father's estate in 
Scitnate waa signed by Joslina Hubbard, in behalf of his late wife 

* There was a Simnel Vsaeall grtdnaled at HarTard College In 1S95, of whom 
there in do further record, save lliat he bore the title or major, and iraa called "or 
Boston," He was, perhaps, an elder brother of William and Leonard. 

t Son of William and Sasannah, and elder brother of Peregrine White. He re- 
moved from Scituate to UarthSald in 1662, whom he remaint-d until leTO. Deane 
nji that Done of his children lettled at Soitiute, thpit poslerity being found in 
Plymouth and Bristol ooantieg, and some removed to Barbadoes. 

} Son of John, who uame lo New England in ship Fortune, 1621. Farmer statea 
that he died 1661, but his name wm atlacbed to a deed as late as 1667. 

tThere eeems lo be some nnoeriaintf in regard to him. In the MS. of President 
Stjles, it is stated that Rev. Joshua Hobart, H. C, 1660, aon of Peter, Bailed for 
Barbadoits, Jutj 16, 1655 ; married there April 16, 16S6, Margaret Vassall : sailed 
from thenoo to London, whore be arrived July 5, 1656; returned to New Kngland, 
where he arrived SHpIember 5, lti69i and where his wife died " (our days after." 
He was married second, Ui Mar; RainBford of Boston, and removed to Soutfaold, 
Is., where he dlod in winter of 1716-17. B; his wife Margaret he had 
three (T) children. How la reoonoile this atatemeut with the wordiug of the deud 
of sale of her father's Soituale estate, we are at a loss to know, and are content to 
relinquish the matter to some more persevering euquirDr, Joshua Hubbard, the 
hu^haud of Margaret Vassall, wag evidenlly a different individual from the captain 
of the same name who anted atlortiu; for the sale of William VaasoU's estate. 



The Vasioils of JVew England. 

July 18, 1651. In Ihe Hettlement of the estate nf Comfort Slnrr, 
pbyBiciaD, In 1659. the name of Mai-garet VaBaall occurs as debtor. 

(3.) 10. Mabt Vassall, lioni about 1634, was alive and unmarried 
kt BarbadcK-s tu July. 1655. 

(40 11- William Vassall, born in Jamaica, W. I., and left one 
Km: 13, FloTmtivJ!. 

(4.) 12. LKaNARi> Vasball (Major), born in Jamaica, W. I., June 
10, 1618; was twice mtLrried: 1, to Ruth Gale of Jamaica, born Sep- 
tetDber 30. 1685, by whom he had seventeen children; slie died in 
Boston, and was buried March U, 1733-4; 2, to widow Pbebe* 
Groas, April 16, 1134, by whom he had one daughter. He died in 
Beaton, June 20, 1737, aud was buried June 23. His widow sur- 
TiTed bim, and marrieil at Braintree, Hon. Thomasf Greayes of 
Charlestown, Febrnary II, 1738, and afterwards, Francis Borland of 
Boston. He removed to Boston before July 24, 1723, on which day 
his daughter Mary was baptized at King's Chapel. He was early 
conaecled with ChriBt| Church, and was elected warden April S, 
11ST; here he continued to worship, at intervals at least, for the re- 
mainder of bis lifetime. In 1730-33 he was instrumental iufonnding 
Trinity Chnrch, Boston. The original building was erected on laud 
convoyed by him in 1730 to John Barnes, John Gibbin aud William 
Speakman, for the sum of £614 : 7 : 2, which land, with tenement 
thereon, lie bad purchased of William Speakman, baker, April 26, 
1728, for £450. The lot, now covered by the present church, was 
boonded 86 feet on Seven-Btarr lane (Rummer street), and 169 feet 
OB Biflbop'e lane (Hawley street), and is nearly opposite the estate 
which be had purchased in April 24, 1727, of Simeon Stoddard, and 
where be resided until his death. His estates in Braintree were 
large and valuable, consisting of 2J acres of orchard purchased of 
Beiij, Veasey, yeoman, March, 1730, for £100; 24 acres of upland 
and meadow, and 2 acres salt marsh purchased of Edmund Wilson, 
yeoman, same date, for £468; three lots of 16, II and 5 acres re- 
spectively, purchased of Thomas Crosbey, innholder, same date, for 
jei35; one half of 56 acres farm land, with one-fourth of house aud 
bam, together with one-half of 16 acres of wood laud and swanip, 
puTchaeed of Obed Husscy, mariner, of Nantucket, October, 1733, 
for £525 (this last property wns conveyed by deed of gift to his sun- 
foJaw Benj. Stcdman. June 6, 1734, and reconveyed to Obed Eussey 

• 8hB wu dftoghter of Stinuel Pniihallow of Portsmouth, K. H., bj M«rj [Cutt] 
hb wife. He was bora U St. Uabon, Knglnnd, Jal; 2, IGGB; died at Portsmmitb, 
Deoember 2, 1726. HU wifu was tbe daughter of Freaideot John Cult, by Hannah 
Us wi/e. She was born November 17. 1669, and died Pebraary 6, 1713. Their 
nnuna are interred In tbe r»milj btaryiag ground at Portamouth. 

f ThomM OreareB, H. C. 1703. died iu bis sleep Jone IS, 1747. aged 63, and was 
bwiad in Charlestown. Bia widow married at Boston, Fronuis Borland, March 21, 
VI46-SO, and died a widow April 3, 1775, aged 80. John Borland who married bar 
dao^fhter by Leonard Vassall, was her last hosband's Bon and heir. 

t Christ Charab on Salem street, Boston, is one ot the oldest ohnroh edlfloes in 
fhtdtj, having been erected In 1723, Rev. Timothy Catlar, D. D,, was tbe first 
nelor. He wu the son ot Major John Cutler, gradnatod at Harvard 1701 ; reotor ot 
Bliatford, Conn,, 1706-1719; preeident of Yale College, 17]9-1722i seltted over 
OifljrtChuroli in 1723, and died its rector, .flugost 17, 176fi, aged 82. 



h 



The VassatU of JVeio England. 



[JU 



for tlie original Bum of £526, on July 3, 1735); 5 acree of wood laiM 
purchased of Beiij. Owen, cordwainer, May 13, 1134; 8 acres pal 
cbaeed of Mehetabel Fisber of Dedbam, May 28, 1T3G, for £200 bilU 
of credit; 7 acres of wood taod purchased of Ebenezer Field, bouaf^ 
Wright, May 1732, for £33 :I5; and 10 acres of wood land pnrchat 
of WilliamField, houBe-wright,Mfty, 1737,for£IOO. His will,entei 
npOD Suffolk Probate, is dat«d June 10, 1737^ wo havo space hei^ 
but for a few brief extracts. To his daughter Kuth he gare 5* ifl 
addiliou to the marriage portion already given her. To his dauglH 
tere £llisabeth and Mary, respectively, be gave £1000, to be paid oQt 
of the rents and profite of bis " Plantatiou and Sugarwork in Luana, 
in the parish of St. Elizabeth's in Jamaica." To his daughter Susaa- 
ua be gave a like amount, together with certain plate be had pur- 
chased from Samuel Smilb and wife Anna (one of the granddaught«r8 
ftnd heirs of his mother Ann Vasaall), ao that she might have an 
equal share with her sisters in their grandmother's plate. After the 
statement of certain conditions relating tn the above bequests, the 
will proceeds: "Whereas the Land and Soil of my l>efore mentioned 
Plantation and Sugarwork at Luana is Entailed upon my son Lewie, 
after my Decease, but the Negroes, Cattle, Utensils and Stock there- 
on, and all the appur''^' thereunto belonging, as likewise my LaDd,f 
Negroes, Cattle, Utensils and appur'*" ut Now Savanna, as aluu aixt; 
acres of Laud in Luana near the Middle Quarter Road, and joyuiaj 
the Estate formerly Col. Cames, were purchased by me. . . 
I give and bequeath the use of all my Negroes, Cattle, Utensils 
Stock w^'' shall be ou the said plantations .... unto my a 
aon Lewis." " Item, whereas there was a certain agreement betwet 
my Hon'' mother Anna Yassall doced. and myself that so much of her* 
Estate that she should be pleased to give uuto Me at her decease 
should instead thereof be by her given unto my beloved son John; 
and whereas I have by one certain Deed by me duly esecuted, made 
n farther provisiou for my s'l son and bis Heirs, I do therefore, in 
consideration thereof, hereby only give find devise unto my said son 
Jobn the sum of five shillings." " Item, 1 give and bequeath unto my 
beloved son William and bis Heirs forever, all my Right, Estate, 
Title and Interest wbtch I now have in a certain Sugar PlautatioD, 
Works and Buildings tbereon, logetbcr with tbe Stock, Negroes and 
other Implements W-'' shall be thereon at tbc time of my Decease, 
and VI--'' I lately possessed in Partnership with Dugal Campbell, 
Uent", and is situate ou Oreen Island River, near Orange Bay in the 
Parish of Hannover, at the West End of Jamaica and Joyning the 
Plantation 1 hare given by Deed unto my Son John and his Heirs as 
is aforesaid; I also give unto my said Son William' and bis Heirs 
forever, the one-half of three hundred acres of mountain Land situate 
in the said Parish of Hauuover and Joyning to the Estate of my said 
Son John, tbe other half whereof I have already given my said Son 
William by a Deed of Oift, which said several Devises are upon this 
Special Proviso and Condition .... that he go bctore two 
Magistrates either during my Life or immediately after my Decease, 
and before them solemnly make oatb that for the future be will not 
play any Game whatsoever to the value of Twenty shillings at any 



1863.1 



The VassalU of Jfew England. 



61 



one time." To tiis wife Phebo, he gave the use of his house and 
estates at Brsintree, bo long ae s!ie continued bis widow, " aud a 
profcss'd member of the Episcopal Cbarch or England," and no longer; 
Mid this in addUion to £3000 given " unto her forever," The estate 
on Snmmer street, Boston, was tiold by the executors, December 8, 
1737, to Thoraits Hubbard, for £600; it was bounded 68 feet on the 
Btrcet, Boutheaet 2R8 feet on land late of Hollingahead, "now of 
Church of Christ," Boutbwest 61 feet on Dyer, and northwest 268 feet 
oo So^^all, Plantioa and Muss. Children were; 14, Satnutl, b. Nov. 
5. nOl; d. March 1, nO|: 15, Lmi$. h. May 39, 1103; d. Sept. 3, 
IIOS: 16, Mary, b. Nov. 12, 1104; d. Aug. 11, 1108: 11, Anna, b. 
Jul. 30. nOf; d. young: 18, Boardo, b. July 9, 1108; d. young: 
|«, Ijnrii, b. Aug. 10, 1109: 20. a aon, b. Aug. 2, 1111; d. Sept. 20, 
nil: 21, Ralk. b. Aug. 11, 1112; 32, John, b. Sept. 1. 1113: 23, 
WUiUm, b. Nov. 23, 1115: 24, Elizabttk, b, July 16, 1111: 25, a dau., 
itill-born, Jan.. 111^: 20, Sarak, b. Jan. 11J§; d. young: 21, Henry, 
b. Dec. 25, 1121: 28, JWa^T/, b. June 25, 1123: 29, Sitsanna, b. Nov. 20, 
naf.; 30. a flon, still-born. Oct. 15, 1129: and by bis second wife, 
31. A'nna. b. April 29, 1185. 

(11) 18. Florestics Vasbali., born in Jamaica, W. I.; married 

Klizftbeth , died in London, England, 1118. 

Though never a resident of New England, ho was the owner o! a 
lam> tract of land on the banks of the Kennebec, Me. His will, re- 
ooraed in Canterbury Court, London, is dated September 30, 1116. 
Be therein styles himself " late of Jamaica, now of Wimpolc street, 
Parbfa of St. Mary-Ie-bone, co. Middlesex, Great Britain," His rc- 
nftins be ordered to be placed in the vault he had lately caused to 
be made in the churchyard in that pariah, wherein his late wife had 
Inwu buried. His several plantations in tlie parish of Westmoreland, 
Jamaica, known as Friendship, Greenwich and Sweet River, asd 
alftu his New England lands, he left in trust to the use of his sod . 
Bicbmrd, devising them in entail to faia issue. Life annnitiea were 
to be paid to his daughter Elizabeth, widow of the Hon. Maj. Cen. 
John Barrington; to Hester Deere, his wife's sister; to his daughter 
Anna Maria Kq8BcI1 and her husband William Henry Ruesell; and 
Phffinix Felton. a youth then in the Foundation of Wcstminator 
School. His lands ia St. Elizabeth, Jamaica, be gave to hia brotber- 
in^aw, John Foster Barham; and sons of bis late brothers-in-law, 
Wtlliam and Samuel Foster. In default of issue, a portion of his 
prf>5>erty was entailed upon his nephew Rose Herring May, and 
tune, and in default (hereof, to the use of the minister and wardens 
of the pariah of Westmoreland, Jamaica, for the establishment of a 
charity school upon bis estate there. And finally, he ordered that 
every person who ebonld come into posaeasion of bis cetatea should 
take tbi' surname of Vassall. The will was proved September 10, 
1118. The bulk of his property passed eventnally into the hands of 
his g^randdaughter, Elizabeth Tassall (^Holland], except the Maine 
Unils. which, after a protracted law suit, finally decided in 1851. 
were l"st to the beira and reverted to the settlers. Children were: 
83, ElUahttk; and 33, RitAard. 



'-trw 



Got). John Carver. 



GOV. JOHN CARVER. 



On page 99 of Bradford's History of Plymouth Planlation, tl 
editor id a. note aays: " It appears frora Mourt tbat about this tin 
(i. e. March, succeeding; the landing] Mr. Carver was again chosi 
Governor for the year; the expression of Bradford on page 90 
noticing Carver's first election, viz; tbat he wat) 'confirmed' the 
Governor, may postiibly be an inadvertence, and may have bfi< 
intended to apply to his reflection at this time." 

Now with all deference to the greater knowledge of tlie editor, 
think bis GuggeRliuns erroneoas, and that it is much more probabl 
that the text is literally correct, and that immedinlely 'upon t| 
adoption of the compact, Carver^who might have acted formally i 
informally aw Governor " by y' way," was confirmed to serve in thi 
capacity to the end of the year, the year ending the 24th Marc 
when he was formally reelected for the ensuing year. 

Mourt gives a definite date to Carver's reelection, viz: the 21 
March, one day before ibe cIubc of the year, and Ihc term for whii 
he was "confirmed" as Governor while at Cape Cod Hay. 

Bradford, page 68, says that previous to sailing from Sontbamph 
the two ships " chose a Gov and 2 or 3 assistants for each shipe, I 
order y^ people by y way and see to y'^ disposing of there provli 
sions and sbuch like affairs." On page 72, in a note, he says thi 
Mr. Martin was Governor in the bigger ship and Mr. Cushma 
. assistant. When one of the ships became disabled and abandons 
the voyage, the bigger ship, MuyQuwer had to take a larger numb« 
of passengers, and there is nothing to indicate any special execntiv 
abilities in Martin, or tisut he was one who cared to perform the mor 
onerous duties required from the increase of passengers and storet 
he was much disliked by his associates (see Cushman's letter i 
Bradford) though ho had perhaps a money influence and w« 
likely in consequence, appointed to the office of Governor on boar 
ship. But was he the Governor on the second departure 7 1 am □< 
aware of any mention of his name in the Mayflower as Govern* 
after the final departure. On a readjustment of affairs after tb 
nniou of the passengers of both ships into one, it is quite probabl 
that a new election was held for Governor, or if not so, that Carve 
may have been chosen or have performed informally the duties ( 
Governor in the place of Martin for some cause or other; for i 
would seem tbat he must have been acting in that capacity previoD 
to the arrival in Cape Cod Bay, where he was confirmed to the en 
of the year. Bradford's words in recording Carver's appointment ara 
" After this [adopting the compact] they chose or rather coufirme 
M' John Carver (a man godly & well approved amongst them) the! 
Governour for that year." 

ifuery. — Contrary to nnirorm belief and to tradition, Bradford aa; 



'^63.7 7%e Perkins Family of Connecticut. 63 

Ibat Carver had no family but bie wife. Might it not be inferred 
that there were othera iu hia family and connected with him at 
LeydeD, from Rohineon'a letter to him ou page il of Bradford, the 
letter dated June, 1620, commencing thuR: " Mj dear friend and 
brother tcAtiin teilA yours I always remember in my best afiectious." 



¥ 



THE PERKINS FAMILY OF CONNECTICUT. 
[Commanicated bj WlhUkli E. Wab&bn, Esq., at New York.) 
Id kd article under this caption published in the RegisUr, April, 
1860 (page 113), it is stated that Joseph and Jabes Perkins (grand- 
■ons of John Perkins senior of Ipswich. Mass.), who settled at Nor- 
wich in 1695, were the lirst sottlers of the name in Connecticut. 
Tliia ie a mistake as you will eee from the following oxtracta from 
memoraada in mj possession relating to my maternal ancestora of 
the name of Perkins: 

Bi>VAiui> Pkbkins of New Haven, m. Elizabeth Bntcher, March 
SO, 1649. Ch.: (2) Jolm,^ [+] b. Aug. 18, 1051. (3) Mthitabel;i b. 
Sept. 21. 1652. {i) Jonathan;^ b. Nov. 12, 1653; m. Mary Elliot June 

14. 1683. (5) David*^ b. Oct. 3, 1656; m- Sarah , June 8, 1682. 

"Edward' Perkins took the oath of fidelity Oct. 18, 1648, and I 
Uiiok that you will not find his name at an earlier date. In 1688, 
be gave deeds of land to his three sons, and thus aettlod his estate 
io some measure. He does not appear in the Probate Records, and 
bia de»th is not recorded." S. Judd. 

. John* Perkins of New Haven, b. Aug. 18, 1 651 j m. , May 

16, 1677. Ch.: (6) John.^ b. June 3, 1678; m. Sarai Warner. (7) 
Sttphm.^ b. April 7. 1680; m. Elizabeth Ford, Aug. 25,1700. (8) 
Ptlrr,-^ [+] b. May 18, 1682; m. Mary Thomas. (9) Jnines,^ b. Aug. 
33, 1684. (10) Mary,^ b, Oct. 9, 1689. (11) JVuiAon,^ m. Abigail 
Bill. May 13. 1718, (12) Aaron,^ m. lat Silence Hiimastou, 2d 
Mary Allingr- 

John* Perkins m. his second wife, Rebecca, widow of Daniel 
TbomaA. 

8. Fetkr3 Psrkins* of New Haven, b. May 18, 1682; d. Feb, U, 

• Petei* PerkJDi gives > deed to Willet Bieliop, of a pleca of Uod " It being part 
atabomia lot that 1 bought of my brother- in -law, John Thomas. " Maroh 10, 
17»-1. 

Johu ThoDUUi gives a deed to his brotber-in-law Peter Perkina, Jan, 24. 171G-S; 
bat John Thontaa' wife was Uaty Ford, uid becoe, Peter Perkliia in order to be 
tevt)i:ar-ii]-Uw lo J. T.. must have married his siBler. John Tbomas had eislers 
gMftb, Abigail, Hannah and Rebecca, older Iban P. Perkins uid ifarywho wu five 
7*an ycnngor. I think she wan P. P. 'a wife. 

[■•1*1 Vbi'k.i-aa will dated June IT, 1729; probated April 6, 1739. Be aakeB hla 
VtA in the signatorf* of his deedi. 

Joka Thomas gives P. P. a deed on ooudition of a release from the estate of 
ShmkI Ford " granted lo me and mj belra begotten of je body ot my late wife 
Mary, aaughter ot Sam'l Ford " abont 1716. 
Qo.— Did Peler Perkins marry a Ford— sister.of John Thomag' wife. 
Timothy Fotd— at New Haveu, 1643. 



1 



The Perkins Family of ConntcHcut. 

1738-9; m. pTohohly, Maiy TlioiJia§, dau. of John Thomas and Lv<iia 
I'arkor Ch.: (13) Samwl,^ b. July U, 1106; m- Hanaah Leek. Feb. 
n,n43-8, (U) BannaA,* b. July 22, 1708; m. Isaat^ Sperry, July 
fi, 1138, (15) Dinah* h. Aug. 3, 1710: in. Daniel Sanford, Jan. 6, 
lUi. (18i Jkf«M*l>. Sept. 31, 1712; ra. SarouelJohnaon, Jr., June n, 
lHa. (17) rttrr* [+] b. June 19. 1714; m. Mary Peck, June 5, 
1740. (18) Ichiibod* b. Feb. 26, 1715-16; m. Sarah Ford, Oct. 9. 
1741. 

17. D<A. Pktkr* Pbrkins of Woodbridge, b. June 19, 1714; A. 1766; 
m. Mary I'ock, Juno 5, 1740. Ch.: (19) Ptttr,^ b. Nov. 11, 1741; 
in Kliuabotb Perkins. Doc. 13, 1766. (20) Edward,^ [+] b. Oct. 25, 

1748; in. M»ry Tloinaa. (21) 7/anwiA,^ b. Feb. I, 174^; m. 

Uueirhor. {zi) Ebmezer,^ b. April 11. 1749; m. Mercy ; d. id 

Bothlohem. (38) Samntl,^ b. Sept. U, 1756. 

Adtninistvatiun on estitto of P. Perkins granted to Mary, his relict. 
May 30, HM; hie personal estate valued at £176:10:11; real estate, 
£18a'i:6;H; tcitiil, £1498:17:5. 

Administration granted to the estate of Mary Perkins, widow of 
Peter Perkins. June 2, 1790; estate val. at £115:15:7. 

20. Edward^ Perkins, of Woodbridge and Belhauy, b. Oct. 95, 
1743; d. 1787; m. 1st Mary Thomas. 2d Rosann* Judd. Cb.: (24) 
hrotl." [+] K Dec. 30. 1767; ni. Millee Jodd. (35) Edward, <> \i. 
Feb. 7. 1769; m. Lois Abbott. (26) Mwrv,'- b. Jan. 13. 1771; m. 
Elias LouuBberry. (27) EkUa," b. Oct. 30, ^75; m. Uri Tnttle of 
Columlms, N. Y. 

By second wife — Rosanna Judd. Family Rec: (28) Ro$amna 
Lena,'^ b. Jan. 14, 1781; m, Henry Qrilly, Waterbury. (89) A%va,^ 
li. Nov. 22, 17—; m. Elijah Oraok. 

Edward^ Perkins moved to Bethany, to a place called Wbiteball; 
kept tavern some time; will dated March 1, 1787. 

Rosanna Perkins, wid, of Edward Perkins, ro. lier 2d husbai 
James Brown of Burlington, Conn., and by bim had Eiimiu, It 
and AppeUina. She d. Nov, 9, 1831. 

24. Israel" Pbrkins of Bethany, b. Dec. 30, 1767; d. Sept. 8. IMtj 
m. Millie Jndd, dan. of Isaac Judd of Naugatnck. (30) Celisti 
died Junes, 1810. (31) Leokora,' b. Nov. 14, 1791; n. Isaac Wi 
ten. 

Israel*' Perkins designed to pursue professional life and bad 
peoted to commence a course of study the year that bis father died. 
Being loft by this event at tbe head of the family, he was compelled 
to forego this pnrpose and remain at home on the farm. He lived in 
the bouse which his father built, on the turnpike from Litchfield, 
near the school-house. From 1793 to 1795, he livtd at Homden 
Plain. When be was 38 he Lecame quite deaf, and continued bo 
through life. Ho was well known in that part of the country, as 
selectman of the town, settler of estates, guardian of children, &c., 
&.C.', and was so skilled in the law that he was familiarly called- 
" the old lawyer." 

The monument erected to bis memory in the Oarrington buryii 
ground, Bethany, bears tbe following, inscription : Israel Perkins 
died Sept. 8, 1846 | aged 79 ] An esteemed citizen j A good man. 

He left no property. 



(C., 

] 



2863 J William WentuxnTthr-^e Emigrant SeUler. 65 



WILLIAM WENTWORTH— THE EMIGRANT SETTLER. 
[Commnnicated by Hon. John Wbntwobth of Chicago, 111.] 

The first indnbitable evidence that we have of Elder William 
Wentw^orth's presence in this country is his signature (with that of 
Ber. John Wheelwright and thirty-three others) to a " Combination 
for a government at Exeter, N. H." on Friday the 4th day of October, 
1&39. This combination continued three years; and in 1642, we find 
him a juror from the town of Wells, Me., to the Totk county court. 
Be was constable at Wells, Me., in 1648; and was <>'n the jury at a 
York county court holden at Kittery, Me., in 164T and 1649. He 
was first taxed at Dover, N. H., in 1650; and watf aiflayne of the 
selectmen at Dover in 1651, 1657, 1664, 16(^ and 1670. He was 
moderator of the Dover town meeting in 1661. He was the owner 
of land in Wells, Me., in 1657. Fresh Creek Mill Privilege was 
granted to him and others at Dover, N. H., 10th May, 1652, and his 
■on Ephraim^ sold the same to John Waldron, 10th May, 1726. 

Where lie was prior to the formation of the " Combination " at 
Exeter, nothing definite is known. It is probable that he came to 
this csoontry with Bcv. John Wheelwright, as he was one of his 
followers. Wheelwn^t landed at Boston, Mass., 26th May, 1636. 
On the 12th of Jane thereafter. Wheelwright and his wife Mary were 
admitted to the church in Boston ; and they were dismissed to the church 
in Exeter, N. H., 3d March, 1639. His daughter Mary was baptized 
at Boston, 25th June, 1637. His wife was daughter of William and 
Susannah Hutchinson. Samuel Hutchinson, in his will published in 
the Register for October, 1862, speaks of her as his sister. Mrs. 
SoBannah Hutchinson, who was admitted to the church at Boston at 
the sanae time with Wheelwright and his wife, was dismissed 3d 
March, 1639, to the church at Exeter, N. H., and died at York, Me., 
about 1640. She came over with her son William to Boston in the 
ship Griffin, 18th Sept., 1634, and also with his wife who was the 
celebrated Anne Hutchinson and daughtxsr of Edward* Marbury, " a 
goodly minister of Lincolnshire, England.'' There were about 200 
immigrants in the ship GrifiBn. 

Gov. Winthrop, in his history, speaks of Mrs. Hutchinson as a 
aiember of the church of Boston, and as bringing '^ over with her 
two dangerous errors," and says '^ there joined with her in these 
opinions a brother of hers, one Wheelwright, a silenced minister 
some ^ime in England." 

Drake's History of Boston^ under date of 12th July, 1637, says, 

\~ * We Ildow of no eTidence that the Christian name of Rev. Mr. Marbury was 
Kdwird, though seTerml modem authors call it so. Gov. Winthrop'8 Short Story 
ttates that she was a ** daughter of Mr. Marvury, Hometimc a Preacher in Lincoin- 
akdre, after of Londou." Ruthe^ord spelia the name Marbury, which no doubt is 
correct. There were, however, several contemporary clergymen in London, by the 
■ame of Marbury. If it could be proved tliat Edward had l)een settled in Lincoln- 
iJUre, it would give pauslbility to the statement; but, we believe, this has not been 
\ 4uM.— Sd. 






n Dot appear amOTig tbl 
r in it known tliat Le ti 
that lie was exiled 



66 William Wentworlh—lhe Emigran/ Settler. 

"There now came over a brother of Mra. Hnlcbinsoii and 
of Mr. Wheelwright's friends; but Gov. Winthrnp would i 
their sitting down in Boston except on trial of fnur mont 

Mrs. Anu Hutchinson gave rise to what were known as Ant 
mians and Familists iu New England. She wan mother of Edw 
Hnlchinson, the ancestor of the lale Gov. Hntchinsou of Mij 
Under the date of 1638, Belknap's Hislory of N. H., says: 

"One of the exiles, on acconni of the Antinomia 
was John Wheelwright, brother to the famous Am 
Ho had been a preacher at Braintree, which was 
Boston, and was a gentleman of learning, pict; at 
Anne Hntchiuson and husband went to Providence, Rhode Islaj 
where be died in 1642. 

The name of William Wentworth doc 
dismissed from the church at Boston, dc 
ever a member of a church there, ot 
Boston or any where else. Indeed, ■ 
prior to the " Combination," which continued three years. 
sachusetts was then claiming that Exeter was within her jur 
tion; and, as Wheelwrifrbt was banished from Musaachnsetts, J 
deemed it best to go to Wells, Maine, in 1642. Those of bis cbnffl 
who were resolved to adhere to him, also went to Wella. Willlfl 
Wentworth also went; but there is nothing showing what weraf 
relations to the cliarch at that time. 

Wheelwright preached at Wella, Me., until 1644, when ho \ 
tioned to have bis sentence of banishment revoked, and bis pctitfl 
waa eoon after granted. He was banished for preaching sermtf 
that " tended to sedition." He went to Hampton, N, H., about 1^ 
where he preached the most of his time, until he went to Engla 
about 165t. Wheelwright came from Lincolnshire in England, i 
waa a great friend to Cromwell. After the restoration, he Tetum 
to this country and was settled aa mioietcr, 9th Dec, 1663, at SaJ 
bury, Hbss., where he died, 15ib Nov., 1619, aged 85 years. 
Wentworth did not remain at Wells, Me., long utter Wheelwright lj_ 
it, as be was taxed in Dover, N. H., iu 1650. What was then callj 
Dover is Dover Neck now, and Cochecho has now become DOTl 
Belknap'e Hislory of Nae liatnpsktrt says, under date of 1633, tU 
the agents of the foreign proprietors had " procured a consideraS 
number of families in the West of England, some of whom were] 
good eatates, and of some account for religion to come over i 
increaao the colony." It further says of the Neck settlement: 
the most inviting part, they built a meeting house, which was 
wards surrounded with an entrenchment and flankarte, the re 
of which are still visible." It was over this church that WillUJ 
Wentworth became an elder; and to its subsequent members orgld 
ized at what was theu Cochecbo but now Dover that the bistor^ 
Belknup afterwards preached. 

Belknap says, about 1638, "The Antinomian controversy at Boatq 
having occasioned the banishment of tlie principal persons of Ihi 
sect, several of them retired to ibis settlement [Dover Neck] it beiil 
without the jurisdiction of Massachusetts. When this was knoffl 
Gov. Wintbrup wrote to Wiggin, Burdett, and others of the plaad 



L] W%Uiam^ Wenhoarth-'-ihe Emigrant SetOer. 67 

that, as tliere liad been hitherto a good correspondence between 

I, it would be much resented if they should receive the exiles; 

intimating' the intention of the General Conrt to survey the utmost 

ta of their patents and make use of them. To this Burdett 

irned a scornful answer, refusing to give the Oovernor his title." 

i was a fear that this survey might prove him within the 

ladiction of Massachusetts, that drove Wheelwright and pro- 

)ly Went-wortli to Wells. In consequence of a " copy of a deed 

m Indian Sagamores and others " bearing date Hth May, 1629, 

lich may be found in the first volume of Dr. Belknap's History of 

w Hampshire^ marked Appendix No. 1, and which Dr. Farmer omits 

bis edition of Dr. Belknap's history, it has been contended that 

riUiam VTcnt^worth was in this country at that date. This deed 

nsnot recorded until the 28th day of January, 1713, and then in 

becouTity of Yorl^ Maine; and the record says: " Recorded accord- 

ig to Ibe original lound in the ancient files for the county of York." 

aon. James Savage of Boston, Mass., in his edition of Gov. 

Winthrop's Hvtory of New England, declares this deed a forgery, 

got up in the land contest between those pretending to derive their 

title under the original charter from the crown of England and those 

from the original Indian purchase. S. 6. Drake, the historian of 

Boston, contends that it is genuine. The names of the five persons 

to whom this deed is given are signed to the ''Combination," made 

tt Exeter in 1639, and the deed was not made public until long after 

tiiey were all dead. If the deed was a forgery, the names were 

taken from the signatures to this " Combination." The names were 

John Wheelwright, Augustine Story, Thomas Wite, William Went- 

worth and Thomas Leavit. Farmer, in his edition of Belknap, de- 

darea the deed a forgery. Rejecting this deed, there is nothing 

Ibond of Wm. Wentworth prior to the Exeter " Combination," in 1639. 

There ia nothing known respecting his wife or wives. The first 

deed yet foond to which the name of his wife was signed was dated 

18th Nov., 1667, and her name was Elizabeth. He left a widow 

Elixabeth. There is a family tradition that, when he was quite 

adTanced in years, ho married a second wife who was very young 

eren to be married, and that he had children by both wives. When 

S^kiel Knight of Wells, Me., died in 1687, he willed property to the 

children of his daughter Elizabeth Wentworth of Cochccho. But, as 

Ua aon Ezokiel^ had a wife Elizabeth, it has been supposed that 

Bizaheth Knight was the one who married Ezckiel.'^ If he had a 

■econd wife, both his wives must have been named Elizabeth, or else 

the first wife must have died prior to the one who gave the deed 18th 

Not., 1667. The place and date of his marriage are as uncertain as 

the person married. The tombstone of his son Samuel'-^ at Ports- 

Boatb, N. H., says he died March, 1690, in his fiftieth year, which 

would make him (Samuel) born in 1640. This would make William 

Weotworth a married man at the time of the ''Combination" at 

Exeter. But how much before, and whether he married in this 

eoQDtry or England are still questions of mere conjecture. His 

wife Elizabeth administered on his estate, which was appraised at 

iB91 16* 4<i. But no more is found of her. 

Of hiB age there is also a great uncertainty. In vol. m of N. H, 



I 



68 William Weniworih—the Emigrant^ Setiler. [Jan. 

Historical CoUedinns is the Journal of Rev. John Pike, pastor of the 
Old CoDgref^ational Chnrch in Dover, N. H. In it is the following 
entry: "March 16, 1691, Elder Wentworth deceased a few days 
after he was taken speechless, with a sudden shivering." Thie 
would be about sixty years after his settlement at Exeter, N. H., and 
also after his marriage. Hon. John Kelly, in an article in the 
Exeter (N. H.) Ntws Letter, speaks of him as preaching at Exeter 
N. H., when about 80 years of age and the time being from 1690 to 
1698. He was, probably, between 85 and 90 years of age when he 
died. As he had at least one child in 1640 and as his wife was not 
80 far advanced as to be incapable of being administratrix upon his 
estate in 1697, there is some probability that he had a second wife 
who was much younger than himself. He was, probably, born 
about 1610, making him a minor at any rate at the time of the deed 
dated 16th May, 1629, whose authenticity is so 84rongly disputed. 

It is not known that he had any relatives who emigrated to this 
country^ That he married his wife here is probable. Setting aside 
that deed, he is first found with Rev. John Wheelwright at the form- 
ation of the "Combination" at Exeter N. H., in 1639, and then not 
more than thirty years of age and perhaps not more than twenty- 
five. We know that he was a religious follower of Wheelwright. 
Now, what is more natural than the supposition that he came here 
with Wheelwright in 1636, to enjoy undisturbed those religious views 
which he zealously preached to the last days of his life ? 

His original signature may be found to the " Combination" article 
of 1639, which is still preserved at Exeter, N. H., and also as a 
witness to the will of Rev. Daniel Maud of Dover, N. H., executed 
nth January, 1655. Upon the old homestead of his son Timothy* 
Wentworth in Berwick, Me., now owned by Timothy's descendant, 
Daniel Wentworth, the writer found in an old birch bark box an 
original deed from William Wentworth and wife Elizabeth to son 
Timothy, dated 27th May, 1696. His autograph was well preserved. 
She, however, made her mark. In the body of the 1667 deed, he is 
called William Winford. In the Dover, N. H., records, among the 
list of freemen for 1653, is Elder Winford. By others than himself, 
the name was variously written Wintworth, Winford and Wantworth! 

In his bi-centennial sermon, delivered at Dover, N. H., on Thanks- 
giving day, Nov. 29, 1839, before the old church, Rev. Dr. Root says: 

" From the year 1647 to 1662, there seem to have been elders in 
the church. At least, mention is made of persons of this title. There 
appear to have been three at once. Elder Wentworth was parent 
to the several Governors of that name, and was an occasional 
preacher." 

Dr. Belknap describes him thus: " William Wentworth was one of 
the first settlers at Exeter; and after the breaking up of their combina- 
tion for a Government, he removed to Dover and became a ruling 
elder in the church there. In 1689, he was remarkably instrumental 
of saving Heard's garrison, as is related in the proper place. After 
this, he officiated several years as a preacher at Exeter and other 
places, and died in a very advanced age at Dover in 1697, leaving a 
numerous posterity. From him the several Governors of that name 

9 descended. He was a very useful and good man." 



1863w] WiUiam Wenttoorih—the Emigrant Settler. 69 

Tbe editor of the Exeter News Letter^ Hon. John Kelly, says: 

"As a preacher, he was occasionally employed abroad, and of- 
idated in that capacity in this town (Exeter) when he was about 
cigfatj years of age. He was preaching here in 1690 and in 1693. 
h March, 1693, the town agreed withphim to supply the pulpit one 
whole year, if he be able^ and to pay him £A0 for his services. * In 
Jvne following, however, other arrangements were made for preach- 
iig in conseqnence, undoubtedly, of Mr. Wentworth's inability, on 
aocoont of age, to perform the duties of a Minister." 

That he w^as living in Exeter in 1693, is apparent from the follow- 
ing from the county records at Exeter,^ N. H.: 

"May 9, 1693, William Wentworth of Coehecho [Dover, N. H.] 
BOW living in Exeter, gives his son Benjamin'-^ the corn that he had 
•own npon his father's farm, the house lot, the black cow that he lias 
diarge of and the land his son Sylvanus'*^ had lived upon." This 
hnn, a little North East of Garrison hill, is the place where he is 
•apposed to have died, and it has never been owned outside the 
hands of his descendants. At that time, Benjamin- was not married. 
His marriage took place about the time of his father's death. Dr. 
Belknap describes the manner in which Elder Wentworth saved 
Heard's garrison at the great Indian massacre, 27th June, 1689, as 
IbUows: 

'* Heard's garrison was saved by the barking of a dog just as the 
Indians were entering. Elder Wentworth, who was awakened by 
the noise, pushed them out; and falling on his back, set his feet 
against the gate and held it till he had alarmed the people; two 
halls were fired through it, but both missed him." 

Among those dismissed from the church in Boston with Wheel- 
wright in 1639, was Isaac Grosse* whose will was made at Boston, 
Mass., 29th March, 1649, and which was proven 5th April, 1649. 
Among^ his effects was a debt due from William Wentworth for 
wheat. Burke, in his Peerage, speaking of Thomas Wentworth, Earl 
of Strafford, who was beheaded, 12th May, 1641, says: 

"Of this very illustrious family was William Wentworth who 
emigrated from the county of York in England to Boston in America 
in the year 1628 and removed subsequently to New Hampshire." 

It is very doubtful whether Mr. Burke did not derive this date 
from Dr. Belknap's history. For Dr. Belknap had not heard the 
tathenticity of the Indian deed of 1628 questioned; and that deed is 
all that comes to us of William Wentworth until the Exeter com- 
bination. That William Wentworth came from the county of York, 
England, is the family tradition ; but there is nothing else except 
Iff. Burke's Peerage to substantiate that assertion. 

Thonias Wentworth, Earl of Strafford,' sent out a ship, called the 
St Patrick, one Palmer master, in 1636, and she arrived in Boston 
the same year. But who came in her the writer has no means of 
.'rtaining. 



\« The mmes of those dismiased were John Whf elwriglit, Richard Morrys, Riohard 
Bolgmr, Philemon Parmot. Isaac Grosse, Christopher Maraliali, George Bates, 
ThomsA WardfU and WiUiam Wardell. The N. E. Hitt. and Qen. RtgUter for 
April, l>i62, states that Pbiienion Parmott was dismissed from church in Boston Cth 
Jauuary, 1C3D ** to join Mr Wheelwright and others at Piscatuqua." 



70 



Lancader Records. 



[Juk 



LANCASTER RECORDS. 
[CommuDicated bj A2(DBB|r H. Wabd, Esq., of West Newton.] 
[Continued from vol. zvi, page 369.] 
Marriages. 

John Sawyer marryed to Mary Bull [Ball?] of Wor- 
cester by Mr. Wm. Brimemeade, Minister [of Marl- 
boro], June 16, 1681 

John Moor & Mary Whitcomb both of Lancaster,. . . Aug. 23, 16S3 
John Pope and Beatrix Houghton both of Lancaster, . Sept. 20, 163 
Jonah* Houghton of Lancaster & Mary Berbcane of 

Woodburne, Feb. 15,1681 

James Atherton & Abigail Hudson both of Lancaster, June 6, 1684 

Births. 

Ebenezer, sonne of John & Sarah Prescott .borne July 6, 168S 

Elizabeth, daughter of Joseph & Elizabeth Waters, *' Aug, 11,1611 
Joseph, Sonne of Joseph & Elizabeth Waters,.. . " April 2, 168S 
Hezekiah, sonno of Joseph & Rebecca Whit- 
comb, " Sept. 14, 1681 

Joseph, Sonne of Thomas & Mary Wilder, " July 5, 1688 

Ebenezer, sonne of John & Hannah Wilder, " June 23, 1681 

Jonah, sonne of Jonah & Mary Houghton, " July 2, 1688 

John, sonne of Jonah & Mary Houghton, " Jan. 24, 1688 

Hannah, daughter of Robert & Esther Houghton, " Nov. 2, 1688 

John, sonne of John & Mary Hines,* " Jan. 19, 1688 

Deborah, daughter of Josiah and Rebecah Whit- 
comb, •' Dec. 26,1688 

Abigail, daughter of Abraham &Tabitha Wheeler, " Mar. 8,1688 

John, sonne of Jonathan and Hannah Whitcomb,.. . May 12, 1684 

Isaac, sonne ] of Isaac & Experience ) « -j^ qq ima 

Experience, daughter j Wheeler J ^^^' **» ^^ 

Anna, daughter of John and Mary Houghton,... " May 8, 1684 

Sarah, daughter of John & Priscilla Beaman, .... ** Jan. 25, 1681 
Gamaliel, daughter fsonne] of John & Priscilla 

Beaman. *' Feb. 29,1684 

Martha, daughter of Joseph & Elizabeth Waters, '* Jan. 17, 88 

Sarah, daughter of Josiah & Mary White, " Oct. 21, 801 

Joseph, sonne of Josiah & Mary White, ** Sept. 16, 81 

John, Sonne of Josiah & Mary White, " Sept. 29, 84 

James, sonne of James & Abigail Atherton, ..." Feb. 27, 84 

Jonathan, sonne of Nathaniel & Mary Wilder,. . " April 20, 8S 

* The parents, John Hindu and Mary Butler, widow, were m. Feb. 9, 1681 o. t.— 
ahe was the widow of James Butler, an early proprietor and planter of LancMteff 
he was of Wobnrn in 1()76, and had a son John b. there, 22 July, 1677, aa ia loll I 
in the Hitt. ^ Gtn. Regiittr of 1848, page 3.'>5 — he had an older son James, wht 
resided at Ltncatiter on lands that had bt'longtfd to hid father — he also had tvt 
daughters — s^ome account of hiui wliiiu at I^ncustfr, and of his son James in tlMV 
individual conveyances of land there, and of othors to them will herMdttr i^ 
jpMT In the JUgisitr, thoold opportunitj permit. 



1863.] LanauUr Records. 71 

MOHTB. SAT. TKA«. 

Beatrix, daughter of Robert & Esther Houghton, *' Sept. 3, 85 

Sarah, dang^hter of Thomas & Mary Wilder, " Jan. 22, 85 

Jonathan, Sonne of John & Mary Houghton, " Feb. 20, 85 

John, aonne of John & Experience Wheeler,. ..." July 24, 86 

Peter, sonne of Peter & Sarah Gosling [Joslin], " Dec. 8, 86 

Edward, sonne of John & Mary Sawyer, *' Mar. 30, 87 

Deaths. 

John Whitcomb, dyed April 6,1683 

Experience, daughter of Isaac & Experience 

Wheeler, " Nov. 22, 1684 

IiaaCy Boune of Isaac & Experience Wheeler,... " Nov. 26, 1684 

As Attests Cyprian Stevens, Oler. 

Recorded 25 Jan. 1687 by L. Hammond, Cler. 



Account of marriages consumated by y« Rev^. Mr. John Prentice. 

Joseph Fairbank & Mary Brown were married April 21, 1718 

John Ben net & Bathsbeba Phelps were. .. . '' July 23,1718 

Jetfaro Barnes & Abigail Wheelock, were.. " Sept. 10, 1718 

Joseph Sawyer & Abigail Wilder, were.. . . " Nov. 10,1718 

Edward Phelps & Mary Bennet were " Nov. 24, 1718 

Delirerance Brown & Elizabeth fifairbank 

were " Dec. 24,1718 

Jabez Fairbank, Jnn. & Hepsibah Sawyer 

were " Jan. 28, 171| 

Bpbraim Brown & Mary ffairbank were ... " Feb.y^ 9, 17l| 
'Jabez Fairbank, Sen. & Elizabeth Whit- 
comb were " Mar. y® 25, 1719 

Marriages consumated per John Houghton, Esq., Just. Peace. 

Thomas Sawyer & Mary White were married July 15, 1718 

John Hoaghton & Mehitable Wilson were.. *' Nov. 18, 1718 

John Goodman & Mary Atherton, were " Jan. y« 20, 171f 

Jonathan Whitney & Alice Willard, were.. " Feb. y© 25, nif 
Eliezer Houghton & Eiizabcrth Divoll, were " Mar. y^ H, 171|. 
Joshua Houghton & Elizabeth Benuit were. *' Apl. y« 8, 1719 
Amos Sawyer & Abigail Houghton were.. " May y« 14, 1719 

All entered in the Register at Lancaster per 

John Houghton, Town Clerk. 

Reel J^]J 1719 of John Houghton Clerk of Lancaster and enter- 
ed by Sam^. Phipps. Cler. pac». 

Account of marriages consumated at Lancaster 1719 & 171^. 

Nathaniel Whitney & Mary Holeman wore married 

by y® Rev<*. Mr. John Prentice, Minister, Nov.}'* 18, 1719 

Jonathan Willard & Kezia White were married by 

John Houghton, Esq., Aug. ye 17, 1719 

John Smith & Martha Butler married by Justice 

Houghton, Dec. 14, 1719 

John Houghton and Sarah Gulliver by same, Jan. 7, 17-^ 

Joseph Atherton & Hannah Rogers by same, June 9, 1720 

Beiijamin Hoaghton, Juu.& Ruth Wheelock by same, July 20, 1720 



Lancoiter Records. 



[J. 



^ 



BenjamiD Houghton, Sen., &Zerviah Moore by same July 28, It 
Said marriages eotercd at Lancaster and y< list bruuglit aud 

hibited for Registering, Aug. 20, 1120. 

Eec' and accordingly entered by Sorn' Phipps, Cler. pac 

Marriages consumated by John Houghton Justice of the Peace. 

Ephraim Wheelfir & Meriah Glazier, married Nov. 1,17 

John Longley & Deborah Houghton " Nov. SO, 17; 

John Nickola & Mary Priest. Sen., " Mar. 20, It 

Jeremiah Holemau & Anna Priest, " Mar, S3, 17! 

Ebenezer Houghton & Mary Priest, Jun " Mar. 23, IT 

Thomas Tucker & Mary Divell, " May 25, 171 

All said marriages entered at Lancaster per 

John Houghton, Town Clerk. 

Rcc* June 29, 1721 and entored per Sam'. Fhipps, Cler. pac 

Marriages by me John Houghton Justice of y peace. 

Eiobard Wilds & Ruth Houghton married Mar. 3,171 

Jonathan Whetoomb & Rach ell Woods " Dec. 12, 17! 

Joshua Osgood & Rutli Divell " Dec. 20.171 

Pairbank & Judith Bellows " April 30, 17! 

Israel Houghton & Martha Wlieelock, 

Jonathan Rand of Stow & Abigail Whitny 
of LancaBter, 

Abraham Willard & Mary Sawyer both of 
Lancaster, 

James Butler 4; Haonah Wilson both of Lan- 
caster, 

John More .V Susannoh Willard both of Lan- 
caster, 

Peter Joslin & Alice Woods of Lancaster,. . .. 

John Whitney of Lancaster & Hebeccah 

Whitney of Stow 

A true copy of the marriages above mentioned & are according^ 

eutered per me John Houghton, Town Clerk for Lancaster, 

Rec* Juue 9, 1724 and entered per Sam'. Fhipps, Cler. pac*. 

Lancaster marriages by y= the Rev' Mr. John Prentice, 

William Richardson of Wobum & Mary Wilder of 

Lancaster Dec, 27,173 

Titley Merrick of Brookfield & Elizabeth Wild< 

Lancaster, Nov. 28, 173 

Samuel Chamberlain of Ctiolmsford & Rebecca Whit- 
comb of Lancaster Jan. 2, 17! 

Jonas Wilder & Eunice Beaman both of Lancaster,. May 29, 171 

John Houghton, Sen., & Hannah Wilder both of Lan- 
caster ._ ; Jan. 27, 171 

William Houghton & Experience Houghton both of 
Lancaster. June 4, 1 71 

David Osgood & Eunice Carter both of Lancaster,. . . Nov. 3, 171 



July 31, 171 

Feb, 27, 17? 

Feb. 27, 171 

Mar. 19, 17! 

Mar. 19, 171 
April 30, 17! 

May 20,171 



1863.] Lancader Records. 73 

MOMTH. SAT. TZAB. 

AiiOQ Wfllard of Lancaster k Mary Wright of Rut- 
land Dec. 16, lt24 

Ezra Sawyer & Rebecca Whetcomb both of LaDcaster, Jan. 16, 112| 

Marriages consomated by John Houghton, Esq. 

Jonathan Smith of Marlborough and Sarah Jewel of 

Stow Jan. 18,172$ 

Samuel Parker of Oroton & Sarah Houghton of Lan- 
caster, Jan. 18, 172$ 

Jacob Houghton k Mary Willard both of Lancaster, Feb. 3, 172$ 
William Johnson & Ruth Rugg both of Lexington,. Feb. S, 172$ 
Gerahom Houghton & Elizabeth Rugg both of Lancas- 
ter, Feb. 23, 172$ 

Joaiah Willard & Prudence Reyes both of Lancaster, July 7, 1725 
Henry Houghton of Lancaster & Elizabeth Randall of 

Stow Nov. 24, 1725 

thomas Houghton & Meriah Moore both of Lancaster, Dec. 2, 1725 
Joseph Joseline k Katharine Reed both of Marlbo- 

roQffb, Dec. 6, 1725 

Daniel Albert k Mary Houghton both of Lancaster, . . Aug. 9, 1725 
Sbenezer Polley & Dorcas Houghton both of Lancaster, Jan. 2,' 1725 
Jonathan Houghton k Mary Houghton both of Lan- 
caster, Jan. 20} 1725 

Joseph Whetcomb & Damaris Priest both of Lancaster, Jan. 20, 1725 
Samuel Garter & Jemimah Houghton both of Lancas- 
ter, Feb. 14,1725 

[the years of the four last marriages should bo 1724-] 
An account of said marriages taken and entered by 

John Houghton, Sen., Town Cler. for Lancaster. 
1*126 April 20th— Rec** and entered by Sam^ Phipps, Cler. Pac*. 

Marriages consumated by John Houghton, Esq. 

Abraham Beaman & Mary Rice, Mar. 16, 172^ 

Joseph Osgood & Katharine Wetherby, May 12, 1726 

Samuel Rogers & Isabella Houghton, Aug. 4, 1726 

John Divel & Sarah Osgood, Nov. 16, 1726 

Joseph Moore k Rebecca Houghton, Nov. 17, 1726 

John Snow k Hannah Sawyer, Jan. 19, 172^ 

thomas Littlejohns & Mary Butler, Jan. 26, 172^ 

Daniel Albert k Abigail Houghton, Jan. 25, 172| 

Benjamin Atherton k Eunice Priest, Mar. 23, 172f 

Jonathan Moore k Mary Wheeler, April 19, 1727 

Phineas Pratt k Martha Puffer, Aug. 4, 1726 

Marriages consumated by the Rev. Mr. John Prentice, Minister of 
the Gospel at Lancaster. 

Henry Willard & Abigail Fairbanks, May 24, 1726 

Joseph Willson k Rebecca Phelps, Sept. 21, 1726 

William Pollard A Experience Wheeler, Nov. 23. 1726 

Ephraim Houghton k Sarah Sawyer, Dec. 15, 1726 

Seth Sawyer k Dinali Farrer, Jan. 11, 172^ 



Lancaster Records. 



[Jadil 



RCT^. Mr. Job Ciishing & Mrs. Mary Prentice, Mar. 16 

Jeremiah Belknap & Martha Ru^^ Mar. 33. 

Eleazer Ball & Abigail Rogers Mar. 23, IISJ 

Eleazer Haywood &, Azuhah Slevena, 

Philip BroobiiiB & Sarah Keyes 

Retnrned by John Houghton, Town Cler. 

Reel and entered by Sam' Pbippe, Cler, Pac». 

Marriages consiimated by Rev'. Mr. John Prentice. 

John Haywood & Ruth Carter April 30, 1728 

Peter Atherton &. Esperience Wright, Jiine/13, 1128 

Joshua Church & Annis Johnson, Nov. 19,1138 

Shubal Bayley & Anna Houghton Nov. 21, 1128 

Josiuh BeuDet ol' Shrewsbniy & Hannah Rosa of Lan- 

caster Nov. 21,1728 

Samuel Sawyer & Deborah Rugg, Feb. 20, 172^ 

Robert Barnard of Marlborugb & Elizabeth Bayley 

of Laricaster, May 28, 1729 

Benjamin Harris & Deborah Temple,. Nov. 18.1729 . 

thoroas Wright & Abigail Sawyer Nov. 18, 1729 h 

Marriages conaiiraatcd by Joseph Wilder, Esq. ^M 

Hezckiah Whitcomb & Rachel Priest April 3,1739^ 

thomss Fairbanks & Dorothy Carter, April 24, 1729 " 

Aaron Oagoud & Eunice White,. May 15,1729 

Joseph Woods & Hannah White Mav 15, 1729 

Nathaniel Wilder & Mary Beaman, Dec. II, 1729 

Joshua Newton & Mary Temple Oct. 21, 1729 

Oliver Moors & Abigail Houghton, Dec. 18, 1729 

Hezekiah Gates & Mary Sawyer Feb. 17, njj 

William Wbitcomb & Hepaibah Sawyer ..... Feb. 25, 17J^ 

Reel & entered by Sam' Phipps, Cler. paC. 

End of Lancaster records of births, marriages and deaths in Mid- 
dlesex county records — it ia much to be regretted that a chasm for 
thirty years, from 1686 to 1718, exists in the record of marriages, as 
found in the records of Middlesex county. 

Corrections, ifc. in vol. svi. 
Page 353, Samuel Allen's birth.... 7. 2. 1664, rwrf 17. 3. 1664 

" Mary Davis' birlh 26. 11. 1667, " 26. 11. 1657 

■' James Sawyer's birth,... 22. 1. 1667, " 21. 1. 1657 

355, William Kerley's mar- 

riage, 6. 3. 1664, " 16. 3. 1664 

356, Elizabeth Hudson's birth, Jan. 6, 1658. " Jan, 11, 1658 
Page 356, Hittable Rogers' birth,. . Oct. 4, 1663, born Oct. 1. 1667 

" Insert, as next in course, Jehosephat, sonne uf 

Jeremiah & Albiah Rogers was borne, Oct. 4, 1 663 

" Hannah Houghton's birth, Oct. 16, 1666, raid Oct. 19, 1667 
857, Barrachia Lewis' birth,.. July2l,19B3, " JulySl, 1663 
" Patience Lewis' birth,.. . Jan. 31, 1668, " Jan. 21, 1668 
" Isabel Walker's death,.. Apl. 3,1696, " Apl. 3,1669 

i 



1863.] Mmiagis and Deaths. 76 



MARRIAGES AND DEATHS. 

MARRIAQES. 

Bailet=Na80N.— At the Allen Street Church, North Cambridge, 
Sept 8th, by Rev. John M. Marsters, assisted by Rev. Caleb Davis 
Bradlee, William H. Bailey, Esq., of Somerville, to Miss Susie Carrie, 
only dau. of James B. Nason, Esq., of North Cambridge. 

Douola8s=Edwards. — In Roxbury, Oct. 80th, by Rev. Caleb Davis 
Bradlee, Erastus Douglass, Esq., of Lowell, to Mrs. Mary Ann Ed- 
wards of East Boston. 

Hubbaro=Matchett. — At Brighton, June 28th, by Rev. Frederic A. 
Whitney, Gilbert Hubbard, Esq., merchant of Chicago, 111., a native 
of Boston, to Miss Helen Poindexter, dau. of the late William Perkins 
Matchett, Jr., Esq., of Brighton. 

SHATrucK=SHATrucK. — At Groton, Oct. 1, by Rev. F. A. Whitney, 
John G. Shattuck, Esq., merchant of Pepperell, to Miss Elizabeth 
Matchett, dau. of George Shattuck, Esq., of Groton. 

White=Beach. — In Hartford, Ct., June 26, at Christ Church, by 
Rev. George H. Clark, J. Gardner White» Esq., of Boston, to Miss 
Mary, dau. of the late George Beach, Esq., of Hartford. 

DEATHS. 

Appleton. — Ge|^ James, at Ip'swich, Aug. 25, a. 77, a prominent 
citizen of that town. He served in the war of 1812, and received a 
brigadier general's commission. 

Beard. — Hon. Ithamar Warren, at Lowell, Oct. 31, a. 48. He was 
b. at Littleton, Mass., Sept. 3, 1814. Mr. Beard was a well known 
lawyer, and practiced in New Hampshire, subsequently in Lowell, 
and afterwards in Boston as copartner with Joseph Nickerson, Esq. 
He was a man of superior ability, and of a high moral character. 

Drake. — Capt. John Louis, killed in the battle of Antietam, Sept. 
17th, as he was bravely cheering on his men. He commanded Co. I, 
16th regiment Connecticut Volunteers. He has left a wife, aged 
parents in New Hampshire, and near relations in this city (where he 
formerly resided), to all of whom he was especially dear, as well for 
his amiable disposition and manly deportment, as for the ties of 
consanguinity. Being temporarily at Hartford when the President's 
late proclamation for volunteers was issued, in an incredibly short 
time he raised a company and was in the field. Such was the sol- 
dierly bearing of the Connecticut Sixteenth, that though consisting 
of entirely new recruits, the experienced eye of Gen. Burnside as- 
signed it a place of severe trial, in which it acquitted itself in a 
manner not inferior to the bravest veterans, as its thinned ranks 
proved when the bloody day's strife was ended. Thus at the age of 
82 fell this brave young officer, deeply regretted by all who knew 



I 

I 



76 Marriaga and Deaiht. [Jan 

Lim. His remains were brought to Hartford for iDtcrment, upon 
which occasioo the Rev. Dr. Buehneil delivered an address, in whicl^ 
he paid a merited tribute to his memory. Capt. Drake waa a. of 
Deacon Samuel Drake of Lyme, N. II., who was r. of Mr. Eliphalet, 
Drake of Chichester iu the same state, who was s. of Mr. Thomas 
Drake of Epping, who was e. of Mr. Abraham Drake of Hampton, 
who was R. gr- s. of Mr. Robert Drake, who emigrated from England, 
and d. in Hampton iti 1668, a. 88. 

DwiGHT. — Lieut. Col. Wilder, fell mortally wounded at the battle of 
Antietam, Sept. 11, and d. near tbe battle Geld, Sept. 19, a. 29. H« 
waa a s. of William Dwight, and was b. ut Springfield, April 23, 1833. 
He grad. at H. C, 1853, with distinction, and after studying his pro? 
feaeion at tbe Cambridge law scliool, and with Hon. £. R. Hoar and 
Hod. Caleb Gushing, commenced the practice of the law in Boston. At 
tlie outbreak of the civil war he resolved to devote himself to tbe milt*, 
tary service of bis country, and left Massachusetts as major of tbe Sd^ 
regiment, one of the first two regiments that ont<;red the field from 
that state under the President's original call for three years' i 
He was distinguished fur hia daring in the retreat of Gen. Bank* 
through the Shenandoah Valley, and was taken prisoner at Wincliea- 
ter, while devoting himself to the safety of bis men, but was paroled, 
and after being exchanged, returned to active service. When Col. 
Gordon was promoted to tbe rank of brigadier general, Major Dwigbt 
became lieutenant colonel of hia regiment. His funeral took plaoe 
at Brookline, where his father resides, Sept. 20, from St. Paul's 
Church, with military honors. Many persons of distinction in civil 
and military life were in attendance. 

Gove. — Col. Jcase, fell at the battle of Gaine^Ja Mill, Ya., June 
21, 1863, a. 81. He waa b. at Weare, N. H., Doc. 5, 1824, During 
tbe Mexican war in March, 1841, being then in hia senior year in tbe 
military school at Norwich, Vt., he was appointed 2d lieutenant in 
tbe 9th U, S. Infantry, and was promoted to lat lieutenant the De- 
comber following. At the close of the war, hia regiment being dia- 
banded, he entered the office of Pierce it Minot at Concord, N. H., 
SS a student, and waa admitted to the bar in 1851. He was deputy 
secretary of state of New Hampshire, 1850-55. In 1855, be waa 
appointed captain in the 10th D. S. Infantry, and was ordered with 
it to Utah, where he was in arduous frontier service, winning the 
reputation of a superior officer, till 1861, when he was ordered with 
his command to report for duty at Washington. On his arrival there 
be was tendered the command of tbe 22d regiment of Massachusetts 
Volunteers, by Hon. Henry Wilson, who had raised the regiment ia 
Massachusetts, and had just marched it into Washington. Capt. 
Gove accepted, waa commissioned as colonel about the lat of Nov., 
1861, and commanded the regiment till his death. He was shot twice, 
and fell instantly in the early part of tho action before witnessing 
the bravery of hia regiment. He is represented as quite " unassum- 
ing in his manners ; dignified and manly iu his bearing ; possessed 
of the highest concepliona of the duties of a soldier ; animated with 
the most exalted ambition in hia professiou, and the most undaunted 
ardor for his country ifa the existing couf ict." Gen. Wilson who< 



1863.] Marriages and Deaths. 77 

preceded him in the command of the 22d, writes: ** No one in his 
diTiBion stood higher as a man or an ofScer. His men loved him, 
and his associates respected his talents, conceding to him great mili- 
tary capacity.'' 

Gbkne. — Benjamin D., at Boston, Oct. 14, a. 69. He was a s. of 
Gardiner Oreene, Esq., of Boston, by his first wife, and was b. in 
1193, at Demerara, S. A., where his parents then resided. The father 
Grardiner^ Oreene was a s. of Benjamin^, whose father Nathaniel^ 
was a 8. of Thomas^, and a gr. s. of John^ Greene. (See Register, 
IT, 75.) Benjamin D. Greene was the first president of the Boston 
Society of Natural History, and a man of ample fortune and scien- 
tific attainments. 

Hill. — Jeremiah, at Brookline, Oct. 11, a. 74. He was b. in Bil- 
lerica, Ms., Oct. 24, 1788, and was a descendant of Ralph Hill, who 
m. Margaret Toothaker, at Plymouth in 1638; resided at Woburn in 
1646, and was an inhabitant of Billerica at the incorporation of the 
town in 1655. Mr. Hill went from Milford, N. H., to Boston, about 
the year 1802, and soon after reaching his majority engaged in mer- 
cantile business with Benjamin French, whose dau. he m. in 1816. 
She d. Dec. 2, 1846. He remained with Mr. French about a quarter 
of a century, and after dissolving that connection, spent about 
another quarter of a century on Central Wharf with Mr. Daniel 
Clhamberlin as a partner. When the Atlantic Bank was incorporated 
in 1828, Mr. H. was chosen a director, and was annually reelected to 
the time of his death. During a long business career, he maintained 
by precept and example that a sound regard to the principles of 
justice should form the basis of every mercantile transaction. — 
Advertiser abrgd. 

Hudson. — Com. William L., at Brooklyn, N. Y., Oct. 15, a. 70. He 
commanded the Niagara when she was employed in laying the At- 
lantic cable. Afterwards he was for three years commandant at 
Charlestown Navy Yard, whence he was ordered to Brooklyn, N. Y., 
and subsequently was appointed on the board for the examination 
of Naval Cadets at Newport, R. 1. 

James. — Gen. Charles T., at Sag Harbor, N. Y., Oct. 17, a. 58. He 
was wounded the day previous during the trial of the James pro- 
jectile, in presence of*some French and Russian officers of artillery 
and a considerable concourse of citizens. He acquired a handsome 
fortune, and attained distinction as a manufacturer in Rhode Island, 
Newbury port, Salem and New Jersey. He was a senator from Rhode 
Island from 1851 to 1857. His fortune having become impaired, he 
has lately turned his mechanical and engineering skill to account 
by the invention of his projectiles. At the bombardment of Fort 
Pickens they were pronounced a failure, but at Fort Pulaski a great 
success. He had, it is said, recently made improvements which re- 
moved all objections to their use. 

Kearney. — (Jen. Philip, fell at the battle of Chantilly, Sept. 1, a. 
47. He was b. in New York city, June 2, 1815. His first ancestor 
is said to have emigrated from Ireland in 1716, and settled in New 



78 



Marriages and Deaths. 



[Jad; 



ft 



Jersey where descendantB still renide. Gen. Kearney was on 
of the moiit accomplisljed and distinguiabed officers in the serriiM 
When a young man he bad prepared himself fur ihe practice of lb 
law, but being inibned with a strong military spirit, he joined tb 
army March 8, 1837, as 2d lientenant of the 1st U. S. Dragooni 
Two yeara subsequently he served as a volunteer in the French 
army in Algiers; saw hard service, and gained the highest cncomi- 
nms from hie commanding officers. During the Mexican war he did 
glorious service as captain of dragoons, and was breveted i 
his daring gallantry. He lost an arm at San Antonio, Aug. 19'^ 184T 
After the war in Mexico was over he went to Oalifornia to oommanil 
an expedition against the ludiaus on the Columbia river, and di^ 
much by his tact, courage and cool bravery to further prove bimsell 
a noted soldier. He then went to the European continent, and acted' 
as a staff i.Sicer in the Frencii army in its Italian campaign. Wben 
the rebellion broke out he returned home and offered himself for aerv 
ice. He was placed at the head of a New Jersey brigade, and hit 
deeds during the last year have been the praise of all tonguee. Ai 
a gallant and iulrepid soldier his name will live forever in the grati- 
tude of the people of this country, in support of whose integrity ha 
has so nobly fallen. Gen. Kearney had risen in his saddle to give 
some inspiriting order at the moment lie received hie death wound. 
His body was taken possession of by Ihe enemy, but afterwards was 
delivered into our lines under a flag of truce. — JoutTial abridged. 

Mac Nifi.^Sir Allan Napier, at Hamilton, C. W., Aug. 8, a. 64. 
He was a soldier, lawyer and statesman of ability. He first made him- 
self known to Americans by cutting out the Caroline, Dec. 30, 1837. 

Mansfield. — Gen. Joseph K. F., fell at the battle of Antietam, Sept. 
n, a. 59. He was born in New Haven, Conn., 22d Dec. 1803, bein| 
descended from the Mansfields that settled in New Haven in 161( 
His mother was Mary Fenno of Middletown, Conn. In early infancy," 
his father dying at Santa Cruz, his mother retired to Middletowu, 
where young Mansfield remained until 1811, when, being 14 yrs. of 
age, ho was appointed a cadet at West Poiut. He graduated ia 
1822, second in bis class, although the youngest, and received the 
appointment of brevet second lieutenant ia the Corps of Eugineera. 
For two years he was attached to the Board of Engineers, then en- 
gaged in planning the fortifications for the hvrbor defences of the 
country. From 1825 to 1828, be was engaged as assistant at the 
fortifications of the narrows in New York harbor. From 1828 to 
1830 he assisted at the fortifications of Fortress Monroe and Fort 
Calhoun. In 1880 he began to build Fort Pulaski, at the mouth of 
the Savannah river, finishing it before 1846. and was on detached 
duty some time at OharlestoD harbor. Cape Fear river, etc. 
served as lieutenant sixteen years he was promoted in 1838 to be a 
captain of engineers. lu this capacity he was ordered in 1846, to 
join Gen. Taylor at Corpus Christi, and was bia chief engi; 
throughout the Mexican war, possessing his confidence in every 
respect. Capt. Mansfield made a reconnoiasanco and map of the coast 
of Texas, while the army was wintering at Corpus Christi. He built 
Fort Btowd, opposite Matamoras, aud waa breveted a major for 




1 



1863.] Marriages and Deaths. 79 

gmllmnt and distinguiBhed services in its defence. At the battle of 
Ifouterey he made saccessful reconnoisances, and led the column 
that stormed the city at the Tannery, being in this attack severely 
woonded. and disabled from doty two months. He was thereupon, 
for bis g^allant and meritorious conduct in the several conflicts of 
If oDterey, appointed brevet lieutenant colonel. Again distinguishing 
himself at the battle of Bucna Yista, for gallant and extraordinary 
services he was breveted a colonel. At the close of the war he was 
placed on dnty at the fortifications in Boston harbor, where he re- 
mained until appointed inspector general of the United States Army, 
in 1853. Subsequently he was engaged inspecting the departments 
of New Mexico, Texas, California, Oregon, etc., till at length, ordered 
to a command in the defence of the city of Washington, in April, 
1861, where Gen. Mansfield served with distinguished success under 
the orders of Lieut. Gen. Scott, and crowned the heights of Arling- 
ton. At length being superseded on that side of the river by Gen. 
McDowell, he continued in command at Washington, until finally re- 
lieved, 17th Aug., 1861, by Gen. McClellan. Since then Gen. Mans- 
field has been temporarily in command at several places, namely, a 
few days at Fortress Monroe, Hatteras Inlet, Gamp Hamilton and 
Newport News. And now, while bravely fighting in the greatest 
contest of the war, he has fallen, a martyr in the cause of the coun- 
try he has so long and faithfully served. There are certainly few 
officers who can show a more honorable record than this distinguished 
veteran. — Advertiser, 

Reno. — Gen. Jesse L., fell at the storming of the pass at South 
Mountain, Md., Sunday, Sept. 11, a. 38. He was a native of Virgi- 
nia, but entered West Point Military Academy from Pennsylvania. 
He grad. in 1846, the eighth of the class in which Gen. McClellan 
was second; and was appointed July 1, 1846, brevet 2d lieutenant 
of ordinance. He distinguished himself in the Mexican war at the 
battles of Cerro Gordo and Chepultepec, at the latter of which he 
was wounded. In 1860 he was appointed captain, whence he rose to 
be brigadier general. For his services at Newbern and Roanoke he 
was made major general; and at the time of his death he commanded 
the Ninth (Burnside's) Army Corps. He is described as "one of the 
bravest generals in the service of his country." His funeral took 
place Friday, Sept. 19, from Trinity Church, Boston, Mass., in which 
city his widow resided at the time. His body was deposited in the 
vault under that church, but will probably be removed to his native 
state after the present troubles are settled. 

Savage. — Lieut. Col. James, Jr., Oct. 22, at the hospital in Char- 
lottesville, Va., from a wound received at the battle of Cedar Mount- 
ain, Aug. 9. He was the only son of Hon. James Savage of Boston, 
the genealogist. He was attached to the 2d reg't Mass. Vol., with 
which he left Boston, July, 1861, as captain of Co. D, and was not 
absent. from it a day till his capture. He was one of the twenty-two 
officers of his regiment when it went directly into the battle almost as 
a forlori) hope. Of these only six returned, the others being either 
killed, or wounded and taken prisoners. He is said to have ** com- 
bined in a rare degree the qualities which enforce respect with those 
which inspire afifection.'' He was b. at Boston, April 21, 18B^ 



I 





Marriages and Deaths. 

Sewei.l,^ — William Grant, at Quebec, Canada, Saturday morning^, 
Aug 'J, a. 33. He waa a native of Quebec, a gr. a. o! Chief Justice 
Sewell of (Janada, and was educated for the bar. For nearly ten 
years he waa a member of the New York preaa, uud was one of the 
editors of tlio N. Y. Timfs. See Sewall pedigree in Drake's Sotton, 
folio facing p. 586. 

Sbubtlbtf. — Capt. Nathaniel B., fell at the battle of Cedar Monnl 
aiu, Aug. 9, a. 34. He was the eldest son of Dr. Nathaniel B., and 
gr. s. of the lale Dr. Benjamin Shurtleff of Boston. He was b. i 
tbia city March 18, I83S, aud grad. at H. C, 1859. After leavin| 
college, be began the study of divinity at a CalhoHc seminary i 
Maryland, but soon relinquished it, returned to his native city ail< 
began the; study of the law. On the 20th of April, 1861, the da] 
after the brutal attack made on the 6tli regiment of Massacbneetb 
Volunteers by a mob in Baltimore, he determined to devote btmeel 
to the cituBo of his country, tendered his aervicea to Fletcher WeT 
ster, Eaq , of the 12th regiment, and on the following mornia 
opened papers for the enlistment of the regiment in the Merchaut 
Exchange. He was commiasioned aa captain of Co. G, aud when hi 
regiment left for the seat of war accompauied it. 

Stetens. — Gen. Isaac Ingatis, fell in the battle of Chantilly, Vft. 
Sept. I, 1862, a. 44. He waa a s. of Isaac" Stevens, Esq., of Noi" 
Andover, Masa., who d. there Aug. 22, a few days before Lis s., 
"IT. Isaac" Stevens waa a s. of Jonathan,^ gr. a. of James,' g, gr. i 
of Gapt. James,' g. g. gr, s, of Dea. Joseph, '■' and g. g. g. gr. a. ( 
John! SteveuB, who located near Cochiohcwick brook, Andover, C 
which place he was one of the first aettlers. Geo. Stevens was b. ( 
North Andover, March 25, 1818. He puraued liis studies, both clai^ 
tcul aud mathematical, at the Bchools and academics of Andover. IB 
1836 he entered West Point Military Academy, where he distinguish 
cd himself, and in 1839 graduated at the head of bis class. He wa 
appointed 2d lieutenant of engineers, July I, 1839, and was promote 
to be a lat lieutenant, July 1, 1840. From August, 1839, to December 
1846, he waa employed by government at Fort Adams, near Newport 
R. I., New Bedford, Maaa., Portland, Me., Portsmouth, N. H., am 
Fort Knos, on the Penobscot. He waa theo ordered to join Gen 
Scott's army at the Brazos, and served on the staff of Gen. Scott froa 
the iuveetment of Vera Cruz to the capture of Mexico. 
the aoige of Vera Cruz, the battles of Contreraa, Cherubuaco, Molim 
del Rey, Cbepultepcc, and the capture of the city of Mexico. At thi 
San Cosme gate of the city, he was badly wounded. For theao serv 
ices he waa breveted captain Aug. 20, and major Sept. 13, 1847. Ii 
January, 1848, being disabled by his wound, he returned to the atatM 
and resumed charge of his former works in Maine and New Hamp 
shire. He waa aasistaut in the office of the U, S. Coaat Survey, fron 
September, 1849, to March. 1863, when be waa appointed governoi 
of the new territory of Waabington, As governor of the territory 
he waa ex-ofEcio superintendent of Indian affairs; and, having voluD 
teered for the service, he waa, at the same time, placed in charge o 
the Exploration and Survey of the Northern Route for a Pacific Rai 
Road. lie detcruiiued the feasibility of the route for a rail road 
sod by his surveys eatabltsbed the entire practicability of navigafe 



ISeaj Marriages and Deaiht. 81 

vag the upper Hissonri and Colambia by steamers. As Indian super- 
intendent he negotiated treaties of cession, from December, 1854, 
to July, 1855, with some 22,000 out of 25,000 Indians of that terri- 
tory, and extinguished the Indian title to more than 100,000 square 
miles of territory. In October, 1855, he negotiated on the upper 
Missouri a treaty of amity and friendship with the Blackfoot Indians, 
and also between them and the hunting tribes of Washington and 
Oregon. Some 8,000 Indians were present, the largest council as- 
sembled for many years. In November he set out on his return. 
The second day of his journey he was met with the news that the 
Indians of his territory had commenced hostilities. He managed to 
reach Olympia, his capital, in safety. The war lasted about a year, 
but by bis energy and prudence was finally suppressed. Though his 
term of office as governor expired in March, 1857, he continued to 
serve till August, when he resigned, having been elected, in July, 
delegate to congress. In I860 be took an active part in the pre- 
sidential election, being chairman of the Breckenridge central com- 
mittee. On the fall of Snmtcr he offered his services to the govern- 
ment, from a distant part of the territory of Washington, came in 
person as soon as possible, accepted the colonelcy of the 79th High- 
landers, N. T. S. M., and thenceforward devoted himself to the duties 
of the field. He was appointed a brigadier general, Sept. 28, 1861. 
In October he was ordered on the expedition against the coasts of 
Carolina, Oeorgia and Florida. In January, 1862, he attacked and 
with the aid of the gunboats carried the enemy's batteries on the 
Goosan. He also distinguished himself at James Island. In July 
be was ordered to join McClellan's army. He was killed by a Miuie 
ball, which entered his brain, while he was leading his men into ac- 
tion. His funeral took place at Newport, R. I., Thursday, Sept. II, 
and he was buried in the old cemetery in that town. Gen. Stevens 
bad, in an eminent degree, a military mind, and was vigilant and 
cautious as a commander. With him subordination was a controll- 
ing duty. He was a loyal and true-hearted lover of the Union. He 
married, September, 1841, Margaret L. Hazard, dau. of the late Ben- 
jamin Hazard of Newport, II. I. His son, Capt. Hazard Stevens, a 
youth barely 20 yrs. of age, who was his adjutant general, has al- 
ready proved himself a skillful officer. At Ghantilly, where the father 
was killed, the son was wounded. 

Webster. — Col. Fletcher, killed at the second battle of Bull Run, 
Aug. 29, a. 49. He was the eldest son and only surviving child of 
Hon. Daniel Webster, and was b. at Portsmouth, N. H., July 23, 
1813. At the age of eleven he entered the Boston Latin School. In 
1833 he garduated at Harvard College. He studied law in the office 
of his father, and was his private secretary during a portion of the 
period that the latter occupied the office of secretary of state. In 
1843 he was secretary of legation in the embassy of Hon. Caleb 
Cnshing to China. In 1847 he was one of the representatives of 
Boston in the state legislature. In 1850 he was appointed surveyor 
of the port of Boston — an office from which he was removed by the 
present administration. He died as a son of Daniel Webster might 
wish to die, fighting bravely in defence of that Union which is so 

6 



82 



Marriages and Deaths. 



fJan. 



inseparably connected with his father'a gro&t name. He commanded 
llie 12th regiment of MasBBachiiscltB Volunteere, which regiment he 
wa8 inetru mental in raising, and wiiich bas always been knowu aa 
the Webster regiment. It was among the earliest to rally to the call 
of the President for three years' volunteers, and for sometime was 
stationed at Fort Warren, Boston harbor, but after the first battle of 
Bull Run, it was sent to Washington and became a part of the army 
of Ibo Potomac. Col. Webster left a wife and children. 

WHrrs. — Lieut. William Greenough, at tbe battle of Antietam, Sept. 
17, a. 23. He was the youngest son of the late Ferdinand E. White 
of this city. He was killed while ci>mmanding Co. A, MassuchuBetla 
12tb regiment, fighting bravely at the head of his men. Although 
young he was a thorough soldier and disciplinarian, and possessed 
the entire confidence of his company. He distinguished himself on 
various occasions wliilethe regiment was in Abercrombie's brigade. 
On the death of his captain he left Washington to take command of 
the company, though not fully recovered from a severe illness, feel- 
ing that duty called bim to the 6eld. 

Williams. — Brig.-Gen. Thiimaa, at Baton Rouge, La., Aug. 5, 1862. 
a. 44. Be waa a native of New York state. He entered the military 
academy at West Point in 1833, and graduated in 1831. He waa 
immediately appointed second lieutenant in the 4th United States 
Artillery; appointed assistant commissary of subsistence, January, 
1838; acting assistant professor of mathematics in the military aca:- 
demy from 1840 to 1S41; appointed let lieutenant October, 1840; 
aide-de-camp to Gen, Soott, April, 1844; brevet captain for gallant 
and meritorious conduct in the battles of Contreras and Cberubusco, 
Aug. 20, 1847 (Augufii, 1848); brevet major for gallant conduct in 
the battle of Cliepultepec, 13th Sept. 1847 (March 1849). and ap- 
pointed full captain in 1850. He was appointed brigadier general 
of volunteers in September, 1861, and was immediately placed in 
command of a brigade on the Potomac, After the capture of Fort 
Hatteras, North Carolina, be waa put in command of thai work, 
where he remained until the organization of Gen. Butler's gulf expe- 
dition. He was then assigned to a command under that officer, and 
cooperated with Admiral Farragut's fleet in tiie capture of New 
Orleans. He was subsequently placed in command of the military 
force cooperating with the naval fleet in thelate siege of Vicksburg, 
where he remained until the siege was raised, and returned to Baton 
Bouge, where he commanded the Union troops in the rebel attack on 
that place, and fell in the battle, Gen. Williams was in every sense 
a soldier, a gentleman and warm friend. — Journal. 



Dr. Nathl. Ames, in his almanac of 1756, wrote the follo" 
Maaaacliusetts soldiers who were engaged in the Frencli 
1765 to 1763: 

"Ruliold oar caDi|it from tew, from twv fdned. 
Vo\ of the Qlth, bat Fiowvr of liumui Kind t 
Motb)>rH thflir Soni, Wi»M Ifnd their HuBlmniis IherB 
Breitiren, ja tuva our Heirta, our Pursu. our Frajei 




1863.] JV: E. HisL-Gen. Society. 83 



[ 



NEW ENGLAND HISTORIC-GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY. 

Monthly Meetings — 1862. 

Boston, September 3. — A stated meeting was held at the society's 
room. No. 13 Bromfield street, Boston, this afternoon, at 3 o^clock. 
In the absence of the president, Rev. Martin Moore, vice president for 
Hasfiachasetts, presided. The recording secretary being absent, 
William Reed Deane, Esq., was chosen secretary pro tern. 

The record of the last meeting was read and approved. 

John H. Sheppard, Esq., the librarian, made his monthly report of 
donations, showing that since the last meeting, II volumes, 60 pam- 
phlets and 21 manuscripts had been received. 

Rev. Caleb Davis Bradlee, the corresponding secretary, reported 
that letters of acceptance, as resident members, had been received 
from W. F. Matchett, Esq., of Brighton, Mass., Kilby Page, Esq., of 
Boston, and Samuel T. Parker, Esq., of Reading, and from Hon. Eze- 
kiel Whitman of East Bridgewater, as honorary member, in place of 
Hon. Richard Sullivan, deceased. 

William B. Trask, Esq., the historiographer, read a biographical 
notice of the late Hon. Edward Augustus Newton of Pittsfield, 
Mass., a resident member. 

A letter was read from Edward F. Everett, Esq., the recording* 
secretary, who having joined the 5th regiment Massachusetts Volun- 
teers, resigned his office. On motion of Rev. Caleb Davis Bradlee, 
the following preamble and resolutions were unanimously adopted: 

Whilst our recording secretary has offered himself to his country, 
and in his high sense of honor, has tendered us his resignation, and 
whilst we deem it by no means necessary for Mr. Everett to give up 
bis office on this account, and are quite willing to grant him a fur- 
lough: 

Resolved, That Mr. Everett's resignation be not accepted, and he 
be requested to retain his office in this society. Also, 

Resolved, That an assistant secretary be appointed to take Mr. 
Everett's place during his absence. Also, 

Resolved, That Mr. Everett be requested to correspond with the 
society during his absence. 

The Rev. Nicholas Hoppin, D. D. of Cambridge, read a paper on 
Rev. John Cotton, Vicar of Boston, England. Rev, Dr. Hoppin 
having a few years since visited the town of Boston, England, and 
the church of St. Botolph's there, gave a very interesting statement 
of the situation and magnificence of that celebrated edifice. The 
well known Rev. John Cotton was 21 years vicar of the parish con- 
nected with that church. He resigned his office May 7, 1633, and soon 
after embarked for New England, and arrived in Boston in Septem- 
ber, 1633. Here he was a spiritual teacher for nearly twenty years. 
He possessed many excellencies of character, great purity of life, 
and notwithstanding the largest portion of his ministry at St. Bo- 
tolph's was one of continual controversy, his many virtues have been 
the foundation of a beautiful monument to his memory in that splend- 



JV: E. Sist.-Gm. Society. 



[Jan. 



id dinrcli. while it is no less deoply enshrined in the hearta of alt 
reverent lovers of the pioneers of our early bistorj-. 

We are happy to learn that this paper will probably be printed. 

Col, Stimuol Swett of Boston, read a memoir of Hon. Sylvanua 
Bourn wbo was a resident of Barnstable and died there id 17i" 
The memoir was preseuted to the society. 

October 1. — A quarterly meeting was held at 3 o'clock P. M., tlia 
president, Winslow Lewis, M. D., in the chair. 

William Reed Deane, Esq., recording secretary pro tem, read thi 
proceedings of the last mectiog. 

The historiographer read carefally prepared notices of three de^ 
ceased members, viz: Rev. Stillman Pratt of Middleboro', and Capt, 
John F. Dunning of Boston, resident, and Hon. Samuel Breck of Phila- 
delphia, cori-esponding. The latter was one of the honorary vice pre- 
eidenla of the society, in the prosperity of which he took great 
interest. lie was 91 years of age, being the oldest member of the 
society at the time of his death. 

The librarian reported that 22 volumes and 16 pamphlets, ser- 
mons, &c., had been presented to the society during the last month. 

The corresponding secretary reported that he had received letters 
of acceptance of Abner Cheney Goodoll, Esq., of Salem, Mass., and 
Rev. Nicholas Hoppin, D. D., of Cambridge, as resident members; 
also of E. Kingman, Esq., of Washington, D. 0., as corresponding 
member, 

The Rev. 0. D. Bradlee communicated to tho society a letter from 
Joseph Lemuel Chester, Esq., of London, Eng., containing a plan 
of English research which he hoped to undertake. It was resolved 
that this society do highly appreciate the laudable enterprise of 
Mr. Chester, and tender to him our best wishes that he may meet 
with success in his great undertaking, which will prove of euch 
value to historians nnd genealogists throughout our country. 

Resolved, That the recording secretary be requested to communi- 
cate this vote to him and to convey nur thanks for the gift of his 
very valuable work on the life of John Rogers, the martyr. 

Samuel Burnham, Esq., of Boston, read a paper on The Clergy of 
the Olden Time, Tothemthc people looked at all times, iu prosperity 
and adversity, in politics and in religion. Take from our history the 
lives, labors and work of the clergy of New Eoglond, and there 
would be a blank upon which the world would look with astonish- 
ment. If they smiled not, it was that we might not weep; if they 
labored, it was that we might enjoy; if they denied themselves, it 
was that we might have the more; if they stopped not for folly or 
amusement, it was that we might have the less trial to undergo. 
They had no time for the amenities of social life to Iho degree that 
we have; they had sterner duties; theirs was the iron age, ours has 
been the golden. These old miuistem did commitlhat sin of all sins. 
preaching poltlics. They verily thought that the nation, the foundi 
tiona of which they had laid in blood and tears and prayers, w: 
value in the eyes of God. They thought that all the phases of life 
were worth praying for and preaching about. Cotton Maiher aays — 



i 



1863.] JV. E. Hist,'Gen. Society. 85 

glorious old Cotton Mather, who has been maligned and abused more 
than any one of our colonial wortliies: " New England being a 
country whose interests are remarkably enwrapped in ecclesiastical 
circumstances, the ministers ought to concern themselves in politics." 
Would any of the old worthies, were they alive now, withhold 
preaching on the affairs of the nation? David this very day would 
much prefer that we should enter heart and soul into our present 
war, and fight and talk it out in pulpit and in field, trusting in God, 
than bother ourselves about his old battles. Our rebellion is of more 
consequence just now than Absalom's. 

November 1. — A stated meeting was held this afternoon at 3 o'clock, 
at the rooms of the society, the president in the chair. 

The librarian reported that during the last month there had been 
presented to. the society 13 bound volumes and 143 pamphlets, ser- 
mons, &c. Among the donations are six folios from the president. 
Dr. Lewis, four of which are embellished with costly plates, viz: 
The. Theatre of the World, 3 vols., the Belgian Cities, in 2 vols., all 
which are in French, by Jean Blaeu and his brother, and one volume, 
being " a general geography of the whole earth," with 300 maps. 
The above six volumes, admirably printed, richly bound in vellum, 
and bearing date 1643-44. 

The corresponding secretary reported the following gentlemen as 
having accepted membership: Joseph Richardson and Ogden Cod- 
man, Esqs., of Boston, George W. Jonson, Esq., of Buffalo, N. Y., 
and John Cummings, Jr., Esq., of Woburn, as resident members; and 
Thomas Wright, M. A., F. S. A., London, England, as corresponding 
member. The historiographer read a memoir of Lloyd Glover, Esq., 
a resident member. 

Hon. Lorenzo Sabine read notices of several eminent tories, whose 
memoirs have been prepared by him since the last edition of his Ameri- 
can Loyalists in 1847. Among them were Florentius Vassall, Jonathan 
Sewall, Joseph Garrison, Rev. Jacob Bailey, John Chandler, Thomas 
Boylston and Francis Greene, all of Ma88«ichu8ett8. Mr. Sabine in- 
troduced his reading by saying extemporaneously that his devotion 
to the history of the loyalists had caused some to think he was a 
loyalist, or a descendant of one, but he claimed to be a true Ameri- 
can. His father was from Connecticut, and his mother was from 
New Hampshire, and both his grandfathers where whigs of the revolu- 
tion, and fought in defence of their country. The cross of granite 
and wooden nutmegs should be considered as producing a legitimate 
American. He had devoted much of his life to the history of the 
loyalists, because there was no one else to do justice to them. 

Col. Swett gave some reminiscences of the New England Guards, 
as the first military corps in the United States, that (in 1812) used 
the French drill instead of Steuben's, the light infantry skirmishing 
manoenvres by bugle signals, and the Hausse elevator on artillery; 
and, if not the first, one of the first to introduce the Bricole. They 
were likewise the first who performed the drill movement on the 
ran, which they exhibited on the Common at the general review of 
the Boston troops in 1813. 

The secretary of the directors reported that the board had chosen 



jr. E. nut-Gen. Society. 



[Jan-l 






Bt a meetiD^ held last month, the fallowing publishing committee fora 
the ensuiD^ jear, viz: Wm. B. Trask, Eon. Churk's Hudaon, Rcr.l 
BliaB NaaoD, Joha W. Dean and Wm. H. Wliitmore. I 

A nominating committee to Bclcct candidates fur the January eleo-l 
tion was cliosen, constating of William Reed Dcane, Rev. W. QiUm 
bert, Frederic Kidder, Prof. Abner Morse and Thomas Gushing, Jr. ■ 

December 3. — A stated meeting was iield this arteruoon. Rev. Martisfl 
Moore, vice-president fur Massachusetts, iu the chair. I 

Tbe librarian reported that since the last meeting the followingi 
donations had been received: 71 bound volumes, 86 unbound panKl 
pblets, sermoue, &.c. ^ 

Rev. Caleb Davis Bradlee, the corresponding secretory, reported 
that he had received letters from the following persons, accepting 
membership: Jacob Todd, Esq,, of Boston, and Holmes Ammidown. 
Esq., of New York, as resident members; from Joseph L. Chester, Eiiq. 
of London, Eng., and William T. Coggeshall, Esq , of SpringQeld, O.j 
as corresponding members; from Rev. Thomas Hill, D. D., preeidei 
of Harvard College, as honorary member. 

William B. Trask, Esq., the historiographer, read an intereating 
memoir of Hon. James Madison Porter, corresponding member, who ' 
died at Easton, Fa,, Nov. 11, 1863, in the TOth year of his age. He 
was secretary of war under President Tyler, and held the office of 
judge in two diflerent districts in Pennsylvania. He was a brother 
of ex-governor David R. Porter. 

Mr. Trask introduced the subject of the immense quantities of old 
books, pamphlets, and manuscripts, that the scarcity of paper stock, 
and the high price given for it, have brought to light. He expressed 
a fear that many valuable manuscripts and much historical mattei 
in print, is likely to be lost; and offered a resolution, which was una- 
nimously adopted, that each member of the society be requested to 
use his inflaence to save from destruction, such documents as have 
a bearing upon our local history.* 

Rev. Joseph A. Copp, D. D., of Chelsea, read a very interesting 
paper on The Character of Oen. Chas, Leo of the Revolution, bring- 
ing in incidentally the question, Was he a Traitor? After dwelling 
on the main incidents of Gen. Lee's life, his character was thus given: 
He was brave, shrewd, cultivated, with generous impuHee; but these 
good qualities were alloyed by a passionate and restless temper, im- 
patient, vain, sarcastic, and very irreligious. The writer closed by 
a consideration of the question respecting his treachery. It conld 
not be very well condensed or given in fewer words than in the 
paper. The conclusion reached was, that Judging the man from the 
whole record of Lis life, and the singular facta of his character in 

• AiDong ths Mrials which the »oci*lj are in want of, to complete aeU, nre th» 
fotloniDg: BoUm DiTttlary tor 1796, '98, 3800, '3, 'B, 7. '10. 'JS, 'IB, '18. 'l!l, 'Mj 
Maitaehuitlf Ittjciiltr, 1767-1783 indudiDg, 17P5, '88, '89, '95. 1824, '30, 'SSj 
Eltclicn Servtmu, 1723 Brd all beforo, 1725, '26. '27, '30, '31, '32, '37, '40, '41, '89, ' 
'95, '97, '98, '9Si Botton Fomlh cf July Oraliont, 1800, 'S, '7, '9, '12. '13, '14. '17, 
'IB, '23, '24, '28. '32, '33, '36, '37. '38. '39, '40, '44, '47, '52; Jmiiican Jlma«ee, ' 
1847, '60, '61 ; North Jmrrican Rnitai, Itos. 3, 4, G. 6, 13, 84, 85, 134, 13G, 1S3- | 
161 inelniif a, 192, and ail atteri CViuioH £xaniiMr, Nm. S, 12,208-221 inolnilra. r 



ulra. J 

A 



1863.] Historical Intelligence. 87 

entirety, he could DOt believe he was a traitor to the American cause 
and thai the recently discovered document must somewhere have an 
explanation compatible with such a conclusion. 

On motion of Rev. Lucius R. Paige, D. D., thanks were voted to Dr. 
Copp, and a copy requested for the society. 

Col. Swett read a letter of Gen. Lee to Hon. Robert Morris, dated 
Brunswick, July 3, 1778. • 



HISTORICAL INTELLIGENCE. 

Dawson's CoNsrrrunoNAL Series. — Henry B. Dawson, Esq., has 
issued a prospectus for a series of works on Constitutional Law and 
History, to consist of 1, The Federalist, in 2 vols. 8"; 2, The Anti- 
Federalist, in 2 vols.; and 3, A History of the Constitution for the 
United States and of its establishment betwen the several states, in 
2 or possibly 3 vols. Thej are all to contain analytical indexes. 
The Federalist will be restored to the form in which its distinguished 
authors left it; The Anti-Federalist is to consist of essays against 
the Constitution now first collected, and both are to have historical 
and bibliographical introduction and notes. The series will be print- 
ed on large, heavy paper of the finest quality, with rubricated titles, 
and will be embellished with steel engraved portraits. Only 250 
copies for subscribers, will be issued in this style. The price will 
be $5 a volume. Mr. Dawson also proposes issuing a collection of 
his minor works uniform with the above, the number of copies and 
price to be the same, viz. : 1, A History of the Park and Vicinity; 
2, The Life and Times of Anne Hutchinson; 3, The Military Retreats 
through Westchester County, in 1776; 4, The Diary of David Howes, 
a revolutionary soldier; 6, The Sons of Liberty in New York; 6, 
Correspondence on Gen. Israel Putnam; 7, Three Letters addressed 
to Motley, &c., on the History and Causes of the American Civil 
War; 8, The Lost Records of the City of New York; 9, The Battle 
of Harlem, Sept. 16, 1776; 10, The Battle of Bennington, Aug. 16, 
1777; 11, The Assault on Stony Point, by Gen. Wayne, July 16, 
1779; 12, The City of New York in April, 1775; 13, The Declaration 
of Independence of Massachusetts Bay, May 1, 1776; 14, The Town 
of Boston, April 19, 1775. We understand that both series will be 
put to press immediately. We shall look with interest for their ap- 
pearance. Those who intend to subscribe had better do so early if 
they wish to secure copies. 

The Popham Celebration. — The 255th anniversary of the planting 
of Popham's colony on the Kennebec, was celebrated at Fort Popham, 
DOW building near the site of that colony, on Friday, Aug. 29 last, 
when some five or six thousand persons arc said to have been present 
on the occasion. The Portland Tri- Weekly Advertiser for Sept. 3, 1862, 
contains an account of the celebration. A memorial stone with this 
inscription : " The first colony on the shores of New England was 
founded here, August 19, 0. S. 1607, under George Popham;" and 
a tablet to the memory of Popham, were placed in the walls of the 



Hidorical Intelligence. [Jaa. 

fort, The oration by Hon. John A. Poor of Portlnnd, ig printed in 
the AdvtTtUtT. The weatlier was delightful, and the celebration was- 
oue of the most ImpOBing that haye been hold in New England. 

Recovered Records of Nkw York Ccty. — Henry B. Dawson, Esq., 
of Morrisania, N. Y.. haa lately discovered in the filea of the Royal 
Gastttt, now in tlie library of the N. Y. Historical Society, oome im- 
portant financial records of New York city. From the antumn of 
me to Nov. 1783, when the city was evacuated by the British forces, 
no official recorde of the corporation exist, ite municipal functions 
having been suspended and a military government aubatituted. The^ 
recovered records Gil this hiatus, as far as relates to tlie receipts and' 
expenditures from Nov. 1, 1111 to Nov. 24, 1183. They consist of 
reports of the treasurer of a vestry appointed by the military com- 
mandant, in whose charge the financial affairs of the city appear to 
have been placed. We have before us printed minutes of the pro- 
ceedings of the N. Y. Board of Aldermen, at its sesaiims. May 15 and 
May 2G, 1S62, containing these records, and also the action of tb« J 
board and the correspondence relative to them. At ihe last name^fl 
session, the committee on finance was ordered to report an apprupri-fl 
ate testimonial to Mr. Dawson. I 

Gbnealoot Of WjNDBAM, Or, — William L. Weaver, Esq., who h«s« 
been for some yeara engaged in preparing a Hiilory of WimlAam, Cf.^jfl 
has commenced publishing the genealogical portion in the HT/^imflti-^ 
tic Jottrnat, of which he is editor. The first article, published Oct. 
10, 1862, IB devoted to the Abbo or Abbey family. 

L*w AND Lawyers of Maine. — We learn thai Hon. William Willis, 
of Portland, Mc, President of the Maine Historical Society, and 
author of the JtUlory of Portland, has in press a work under the title 
of Law and Lawyers in Maine, from the first Cotonixaticm of tht Statt. 
U will form au octavo of about 400 pages; and will trace the pro- 
gress of law, the organisation of the courts, reports and reporters, 
and sketches of lawyers, &c., to the present century. From the 
known ability and industry of Mr. Willis, we shall expect an attract- 
ive volume, and one characterized by the most scrupulous accuracy. 
It will probably iasuo from the pretia in January. 

Cknteuniai. CcLEsmnoN at Bernardston, Mass. — Tho 100th anniver- 
sary of the incorporation of Bernardstnu was celebrated at that place, 
Aug. 20, 1862. We have before us a copy of the Grtenfidd Gazettt 
aiid Courier, of Aug. 25, containing the exercises on that occasion, 
including the able and instructive historical address of Hon. Henry 
W, Cushman ; the address to the Alumni of Powers lustitnte, by 
Aaron W. Field, and local and descriptive poems, by Dr. John Brooks 
and M. L. Collister — all performances of much merit. A loiter was 
read from Kx-Lieut. Gov. Cushman, offering to give tlOOO tn the 
town of BeroardstoD to establish a free public library there; $100 a 
year for ten years, if he lives so loug, for its enlargement; and $500 
for tiie erection of a suitable fire proof building. This letter is pub- 
lished in full in the above named paper. We hope Mr. Cushman'a 
liberal offer will be accepted by the town. One of the conditions is, 
that the library shall " forever be free for the use of the people of 
Bernardston, for the teachers and students of Powers Institute, and 



1863.] Historical Intelligence. 89 

for those families who reside in adjoining towns, who are regular and 
paying members of any religious society in Bernardston." 

The town was incorporated March 6, 1762, and was named in honor 
of Sir Francis Bernard, then governor of the Province. 

BiBLiooRAPHT OF THE CiviL War. — S. Hastings Graiit, Esq., librarian 
of the New York Mercantile Library Association, has issued the fol- 
lowing circular: 

" In view of the mighty influence of the present war on the future 
history of the human race, it would seem a duty we owe to posterity 
to leave them as perfect a record as possible of not only the actions 
bat the motives and spirit of the times. In my capacity of librarian 
80 many of the various publications on the subject have been brought 
before me, that the idea of collecting a more complete list of them 
for the aid of the coming historian has presented itself. With this 
purpose I have applied to various sources for assistance, and have 
met with encouraging success. An abstract of the results, thus far 
obtained, has appeared in the numbers of the Historical Magazine 
for the months of April to August of the present year." 

He appeals for " aid in this undertaking by the contribution of a 
copy, or the title>page and scope, of any Essay or Discourse of your 
own, or another's, which has a bearing on any of the many phases 
of this pregnant crisis. 

'' So soon as a degree of approximate completeness shall have been 
attained, it is the intention of the compiler to furnish those who have 
assisted him with a condensed statement of the information gath- 
ered." 

His undertaking promises to be so useful that we trust our readers 
will aid him in it. 

A New American Biographical Dictionary. — We are requested to 
annonnce as in preparation a new Dictionary of American Biography^ 
coutaioing notices of eminent men, including the living, who have 
illastrated History, Literature, and the Arts on this Continent. 

It aims to give in a condsened form, all the prominent facts con- 
cerning those noticed; particular care having been bestowed upon 
Accoracy of dates. 

The author has also endeavored to supply in some degree, the item 
of " neglected biographies," as well as some of the deficiencies of 
previous works upon the revolutionary worthies and our military and 
naval oflBcers. 

Its plan embraces South as well as North Americans, and such per- 
sons not Americans, as have been identified with our history, or have 
written upon the people or their institutions. 

Prominent individuals engaged in the present war are also noticed. 
The work will contain at least double the biographical matter em- 
braced in the valuable volume of Rev. Dr. Allen. 

Any person desirous of aiding the author in this undertaking by 
famishing him with biographical items of interest, or by the correc- 
tion of errors or misstatements which have gained currency, will 
confer a favor by communicating them to Francis S. Drake, at No. 
SO Water st., Boston. 



Cttrrent Events. 



CURRENT EVENTS. 

{Pibpired by Rev. Elixs Namn of Exeter, N. I 

Contlnaed from page 'iS4, vol. xvi. 



13. Collision between llie steamers Penbiidy anil West Point on 
Potomac by whicb many valuable lives were tost. 

14. Harrison's Landing on Ibe James river evacuated by thi 
Federal army. 

n. Tlie Sionx Indians commenced their fiendish attack on 
wbites at Acton. Min., and four persons are killed. Col. Corcoran 
tbe New York 6flth regiment, and others, after a long imprisonment 
at Richmond, Va., arrived at Waahiugtou. 

20. A grand centennial celebration at Bernardstoo, Mass. Ad- 
dress by the Hon. H. W. CusLman. 

25. Intelligence bas been received from Glencoe, Min., that about 
40 families have been massacred by the Indians in that region. 

21. Gen. John Pope commenced liis retreat from the Kappabao- 
nock river towards Centerville, Va. 

28. A battle between Pope's and Jackson's forces in the afternoon,, 
daring which the former toot ubout 1000 prisouerB. 

29. The second great battle of Bull Run in which we lose aboi 
8000 men. Col. Corcoran visits Boston. Celebration at Bath, Me.^ 
of the founding of the first colony of New England at Fort Popham 
at the mouth of the Kennebeck river in 1601, Oration by Hon. John 
A, Poor of Portland. Mc. 

30. Battle between Pope's army and that of Jackson reinforced by 
the command of Gen. Lee. The advantage is on tbe Rebel side. Col . 
Fletcher Webster killed in this engagement. Battle at Kicbmond, 
Ky., in which Union army of about 9O0O, under Gen. Mauson, are 
defeated. 

31. Fredericksburg, Va., evacuated by Geu, Burnside'a forces. 






Septeubeii. 

1. Lexington, £y. (population about 12,000), taken by the Rebels. 
Battle of Chanlilly. about two miles north of Ceiitreville, Va., in 
which Gen. Philip Kearney and Gen. Stevens are killed. Our forces 
compelled to retire on Washington, 

2, Great excitement at Cincinnati in consequence of the advance 
of the Rebel army. Gen. Lew Wallace appointed to the command 
of the city forces, and martial law proclaimed. Gen. Pope's army 
reach Munson's Hill. 

4. The vanguard of the Rebel army crosses the Polomac near tbe 
Point of Rocks, into Maryland. Intense excitement in VV^ashing- 
toii for the safely of the city. Gen, Pope relieved of his command 
about this dale, and Gen, McClellan appointed to his place. 

6. The Rebels attack our forces at Washington, N. C, and are 




1863.] Current Events. 91 

repulsed with a loss of thirty killed to our seven. Our gunboat 
Pickitt 18, however, accidentally blown up and twenty men killed. 

14. The battle of South Mountain, Md., Gen. McClellan commands 
ID person and succeeds in driving the Rebels from the pass in the 
mouDtain. Our loss is 2,325, among whom is the gallant Gen. Reno. 
Union victory at Humfordsville, Ey. Apples very abundant in New 
England. 

15. Our force at Harper's Ferry under Gen. Miles surrendered to 
the enemy. We lose over 10,000 men and 38 guns. Most of our 
cavalry escaped. 

n. The great battle of Antietam Greek near Sharpsburg, Md. 
The Union forces under the command of Gen. McClellan and the 
Confederates under that of Gen. Lee. The battle commenced 
early in the morning and continues through the entire day. The 
advantage is upon the Federal side. Our loss, according to the 
report of Gen. McClellan, is 12,469; that of the enemy, 25,542. 
Many Federal officers are killed, among whom are Maj.-Gcu. Joseph 
K. F. Mansfield and Maj.-Gen. Israel B. Richardson (the latter died 
of his wounds Nov. 3). A dreadful explosion of the U. S. Arsenal 
at Pittsburg, Penn., by which about 80 persons are killed. A large 
meeting of the Chapin family at Springfield, Mass. About 2000 of 
the family present. Address by Dr. J. G. Holland. 

18. Thanksgiving in the Confederate states for recent victories in 
Virginia* 

19. Gen. Rosecrans attacks and routs the Rebel army — 18,000 
strong under Gen. Price at luka, Miss. 

22. President Lincoln declares his intention for issuing a procla* 
mation of emancipation on the Ist of January, 1863. 

24. The governors' of the loyal states held a meeting at Altoona, 
Penn., to consult upon the management of the war. 

29. Brig.-Gen. Jefferson C. Davis kills Maj.-Gen. William Nelson at 
Louisville, Ky. 

October. 

1. Our Federal debt is now, according to Secretary Chase, some- 
thing less than $620,000,000. 

3. Battle of Suffolk near Franklin, Va., 2000 Union troops gain a 
victory over about 6000 Rebels. The President reviews the army of 
the Potomac near Sharpsburg, Md.. Successful Federal expedition 
under Gen. Brannon to St. John's river, Fla. 

4. Gen. Scho6eld drives the Rebels from Newtonia, Mo. 

4, 5. Battle at Corinth, Miss., in which the Federal army under 
Gen. Rosecrans gains a victory over the Confederate forces 60,000, 
under Gens. Price, Van Dorn and Lovell. Onr loss is 360 killed and 
1300 wounded. About 1000 Rebels are killed and 2000 prisoners 
taken. 

7. Annual meeting of the American Board of Foreign Missions at 
Springfield, Mass. 

8. The new U. S. tax law goes into operation. The warmest Oc- 
tober day, it is said, since 1807. Thermometer at Portland, Me., 90°: 
at Exeter, N. H. 86o at 2. p. m. Battle of Perryville, Ky., Gen. Buell 
leads our forces unsuccessfully against the Rebels under Gen. Bragg. 
Oar loss is 820 killed, 2,686 wounded and about 600 missing. 



Curretit Events. 



[J. 



10. SucceBafiil raid ot Stuart's cavalry to Merceraburg, Peiin. 

14. Great fire at North Brookaeld, Mnss. 

15. Drnftiiig commences at Faneuil Hall Boston. 
18. Ten Rebel prisooers arc shot at Palmyra, Mo. 

22, Battle of Pea Ridge, Ark., in which tho Uciion forces are aQ 
cesBful. 

24. Our troops at Hilton Head, S. C, retarns from an expedition^ 
Pocataligo, in wjiich we lose in all 123 men. 

27. Gen. 0. M. Mitchel, the astronomer, died at Beaafort, S. C, i 
fever. ' 

29. The brig Baron dc Casline, Capt. Sanndcrs, is captured by U 
Rebel steamer Alabama, Capt. Semmes. 

31. Gold is worth |1.30 in Boston. Post office stamps are urn 
for " change. " 

November. 

1. Plonr ia selling at $45 per barrel, and t<ia at $S per pound i 
Obarleston, S, C. 

i. John A. Andrew reelected governor of Massachnsetta. Hof 
tio Seymour elected governor of the state of New York. 

5, Gen, George B. McClellan relieved of his command of the Ani 
of the Potomac, and Gen. Ambrose E. Burnslde appointed in li 
stead. 

6. A telegraphic message is sent from New York city to San Fra 
Cisco, 3,500 miles st 4 o'clock r. m., and a reply received in a. sbo 
time from the latter place, dated at 2 o'clock p. u. 

1. A severe snow storm extending over the northern states. 11 
pirate Alabama is committing extensive depredations on our CO 
merce, 

0. Gen. Foster captures WilUamston, Hamilton, etc., N. C. At tl 
latter place he engages and defeats 3000 of the enemy, who lose i 
m«D,' while we lose bnt 10. Gen. McClcilan takes an affecting lev 
of the Army of tho Potomac at Warrenton, Vii. 

10. In consequence of the scarcity of cotton, which is now 
60 cents per pound, the price of paper has risen some 33 per cei 
and many of our publishers have advanced on the price of bool 
periodicals and newspapers. The steamer Vandcrbilt sails from N( 
York in search of the Alabama, 

14. The entire coast of Texas in posBession of the Federal g 

10. Barometer stands at 30 deg. 90 roin. at 7 A. M. in Exeter, 
H. Thermometer attained 43 deg. 

n. Gen. Burnside's army is marching from Warrenton on Frei 
ricksburg, Va. 

20. The Indian troubles in Minnenota have ceased. Some 6 

fereons have been killed by the Indians since August, and about 3 
□dians are now ander sentence of death. 

21. The first inward train on tho Boston and Maine Rail Road 
precipituled in part into the Charles river at the draw-bridge 
GharlcBtowri, and seven persons immediately killed. 

ST. Thanksgiving Day in most of the northern, and in some of t 
southern states. 



1863.] 



Book Jfotices. 93 



BOOK NOTICES. 

Ofieial Army last of the Western States for August ^ 1862; compiled toith 
i^idal sanction. By George B. Smith. Chicago: John W.Walsh, 
General Agent, pp. 176. 

This book contains a fall list, not onlj of all the officers in the field from the 
flateB of Illinois, Indiana, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Michigan, Iowa, Missouri, and 
Eaneas, and the territories of Nebraska and Colonido, bat of the Governors of those 
states, together with their respective Adjatant Generals, and their whole military 
£anilj. The work appears to be executed with great care ; and it gives the dates 
of each officer's apiwintment. It is also valuable as showing the number of regi- 
ments, and corps each state has sent to the field. We sincerely wish that Mr. 
Smith or some one equally competent and faithful, would prepare a book of the 
ame character, giving a list of the officers, &c., of the rest of the states of the Union. 
Such works are not only gratifying at the present day, but will be of great value to 
the faturv historian, and genealogist, as many of these officers will undoubtedly 
imre their mark upon their country's annals. 

Jokn Rogers the compiler of the First Authorized English Bible ; and the 
Pioneer of the English Reformation; and its first Martyr. Embracing 
a Crtnealogical Account of his family ^ and Biographical Sketches of 
some of his principal descendants^ his own toritings^ etc., etc. By Joseph 
Lkmukl Chester. liondou: LongmaD, Greeo, Longman & Roberts. 
1861. 8vo. pp. 452. 

In the preface we find this history of the volume : " The writer, in common 
with thousands of his New England brethren, was traditionilly a descendant from 
the Marian Proto-martyr. During a protracted visit to the mother country, he de- 
voted a considerable time to genealogical researches, in order to establish if possible 
th« correctness of these claims. Those researches have l)een thorough and minute, 
and he believes that there is little information of any value, respecting the families 
beariiig the name of the Martyr, that can be gleaned after lam, at least from accessible 
ind responsible sources." Mr. Chester, after satisfying liimself that he and all 
others who trace their ancestry through Rev. John Rogers of Dedham, Eng., are 
act deseeudants of the Martyr, at least in a direct paternal line, began to feel that 
justice had not been done to that heroic man, and that a new Biography of him was 
■eeded. In the volume before ns, he has given a well prepared memoir, containing 
CTViythiiig of importance relative to his subject that could be discovered. Follow- 
ing the memoir are biographical sketches of some the principal persons claiming to 
W deseendants : and an appendix of documents and other matter. The follow- 
ing items, which we derive from the volume, will interest our readers, and espe- 
ddly such as suppose themselves descended from the Martyr. 

John Rogers, there cau be little doubt, was born "about the year 1500, and 
jKolm!kAj at the little village or bamlet of Deritend, in the parish of Aston, then in the 
niharb* of, but bow quite surrounded by the city of Birmingham." His father, it 
would sevnn, was John Rogers of Deritend, — the fifth generation iii descent from 
Mkn Fitz Rogers, who married a daughter of Sir Simon Furnseup, descended from the 
Esrta of Bosh;" — who by his wife, Margery Wyutt, had three isons and two 
daofbterm, John, William, Edward, Eleanor who m. Robert Mylward, and Joan 
also married. Of these, John, supposed to be the martyr, married Adrian Pratt 
■ttis De Weyden of Brabant by whom he had eh>ven children, thus given from the 
vistatioD of 'Warwick, 1563 : " 1. Daniel of Sunbury, county of Middk>sex, clerk 
of the council of Qoeen Elizabeth (ob. 1591), who married Susan, daughter of Nioa- 
riot Yfrtsworth, cleik of the signet, and secretary of the French tongue. 2. John, 
a proctor of the civil law, who married Mary, daughter of William Leete, of 
Iverden, county of Cambridge, D. C. L. 3. Ambrose. 4. Samuel. 5. Philip. 
I. Beiiuurd. T.'Aogostine. 8. Barnaby. 9. Susan who married John Short, 
iMRhant of LocdoD. 10. Elizabeth who married James Proctor, chancellor of 
ItlisbiiJT. ilnd, 11. Hester, who married Ueury Ball, physician." From this 




Book JVolices. 



and KDotber pedigr^Ei in tbt^ Harlelan IISS,, we find that tlip childrpn or Dfti 

were ■ son and a daughter, viz : 1. Francis who married a dftiinbter ot C 

and had B sou Fiaucis. And 2. PosUiumn, vlio mnnipd Spenra; and tliat 

eblldcen of Jolmand Marj' Rogers were, CssEandra, £lU3b«Ih, Hecuba, Conatantb 
John, Edward, Mar? and Varro (a son). 

Mr. Chester has shown himself an alile and cougcienlioua investigator, aod 
are pleaded lo learn tlint he intends to oonlinue his genealogical respsrchns 
England and that other New England familius are likely to have the btiiieSt of 
ikill and eiperiuuce 

Tlu Toppani of Tappan'i Law, viiih their dacendants aitif rtlalitmi. 
lectcd and Arranged by JosncA Coffin. Newbnryport: Willil 
H. Huae & Co., priiitera. 1862. 8vo. pp. 30. 
Tliis pampljIeCis by that velemn antiquarj and genealogist the historiau oT N< 

bury, niiose ncqualiitanre with hla " townsmen of the past" is so [lerfect that 

former pupil, VVItiltier, in a pnetljtal addreas to him, predicts that he will ba 

stranger nheii he Joins them ) For, he adds, 

It gives an acoounl of the Toppau fealival, June 24, 1646, when ISO of ths 
RcendantB or Hitwnrd Toppan, n grent grandeon of Abiahnni Toppnn, the [mtnigrt 
asHmbled at the old homesleul in Toppan'e lane, NeKbury. Aptwnded i 
genealOjiy of the Toppan family giving the denoeudanta of the Immigrant in full, 
the male line, lo the third generation, and (he descendants of Edward Toppan 
full lo the preaenl lime. A pholograpliic view ot the Toppan house built iu IB' 
bjr Jaonb Toppan, a son of Abraham, is giveD. 

Nno York Historical Socitly. Dajarattcn of hidtpndenu by Ike 
of Masiaehustltt Bay, May 1, 1116. Svo. pp. 12. 
This pani|>hUt was haued last year, at Mew fork, by Benry B. Dawson, B 
whosHpreviiius publications have^venhima deserved celebrily as an historical w 
er, It consists of, 1st. A letter by Mr. Dawson addressed to Uon. Luther Brad! 
ptesideul of Ibe New York Historiciil tioaiely, and read at a meeting of that sooii 
relMlve to an act passed in 1776, by the General Court of Massachusetts, elUbli 
Log and altering the style of commissious, writs, Jic; 2, A copy of the act i\M 
and 3. A fac-aiiuile of a curnmlsaion issued, in the name of George HI, by tite F 
vliicial Council, Ibe style of wliioli has been altered, in accordance with the prt 
■loDB of the act, lo ■' The Governmeut and People of the MaisachusettA Bay In ffi 
England." 

Mt. Dawson oDnsiders this act, passed two months before Ihe famons " Pon 
of July," to have been— as it certainly was — a Declaration of Independence b^ 
Froviuca ; and he thinks that sufficient importance has not been allaohed to It. 
the hUtonans of Manaohuselts, neilbt^r UutcliinGon, nor Miuot brings his lilst 
down lo Ihia date ; but Bradford and Barry both mention that such an act • 
passed — Bradford without attaohlngany special importauce to it, and Barry aa 
of a series of important evenls. Ur. Uansoii, ire think, is correct in his Bslinp 
of this act; and he certainly deserves the thanks ot Uiusachusetts for the labor 
has bestowed on our stale history. 

Tht EcdesiottictU History of New E-nfftand, aomfrising vtt oidy ^ 

imt Moral, atid other rtlations. By Joskph B. Felt. Vol. ii Boat 

Publisliod by the Congregation al Library Aasocialion and the C 

grtgational Board of Publicatiui). 1862. Svo. pp. 721. 

Rev. Dr. Fait has been before the public as an historical Krller tor thirty' 

years, the llrst number ot bis Jimols of Salim, having been publifiUed in 1 

Biuou then ha has given US a Hillary of Ipiaich ; an Hiitancal jlccaunt of Ihi 1 

tathnutli Cutrmcy ; a second edition of the ^iinaja of Saltm, greatly enlarged 

essay on tlii JUanurn and Cuttomi b! Htv Engiattd, and other wi>rks— all beat 

marks of Iba eaiii» persevering industry and surnpu Ions accuracy. More than uq 

lerof acenlnry ago, lion, Kdward Ecerett, spokaot Mr. Kelt's "protouudacqui 

anoB with the antiquities of Uossachusslts." Thetirforfl, seeing ibat iiis upwaii 



1863.J 



Book JfoUces. 95 



Mv«n yemn since tbe first Tolume of the present work was issued, oar readers must 
tzcQse lis if we take it for granted that they are acquainted with the author^s quail- 
icatioDs for a work like this. 

The Ecdtayutieal History of New England is arranged in the form of annals. This 
chronological arrangement renders it parrticularlj convenient for reference, and 
with the copious indexes to each volume that are given, anj fact of importance in 
the work can be found with ease. 

T}k*s first volume, published in 1855, brought the record of our religious history 
down to 1647 {anl€, iz, 291). The second volume, issued in September last, com- 
mences with 1648, and carries this record thirty-one years farther, to the close of 
1678. We hope the venerable author may be spared many years longer and that 
be may continue his history to a still later period. He has accomplished, it is true, 
the most difficult part of his labor, and the portion of our ecclesiastical history he 
has fomished is by no means the least interesting. The period embraced by these 
two Tolomes is that in which the foundations of the church polity of New England 
were laid. At the time when the volume before us ends, most of those who laid 
these foundations — the ripe scholars and devout ministers that accompanied our 
fathers to this wilderness — had been called to rest from their labors, and in their 
places was a new race — men bom and educated in this country — who were to carry 
forward their work. 

Tke Historical Magazine, and Notes and Queries concerning the Antiqui- 
ties, History and Biography of America. Vol. vi. New York: 
Ghas. 6. Richardson. 1862. Sm. 4to. 

The HUtorical Magazine has been frequently noticed in an approving manner in 
the Register. The sixth volume sustains the reputation which the previous ones 
had attained. Among the longer articles are reprints of two scarce historical tracts, 
viz : Byfield^s |larrative of Attairs in New England in 1689, and Budd's Good Order 
in Pennsiiyania and New Jersey ; three papers read before our Historic-Genealogical 
Society by J. S. Loring, Esq., viz : William Gordon, the First Historian of the 
American Revolution ; Thomas Gushing and Samuel Adams ; Mr. Grant's Biblio- 
graphy of the Civil War ; Mr. Adlard's Historical Account of the Seal of New Eng- 
land ; Hon. Millard Fillmore's Address before the Buffalo Historical Society ; The 
Massachusetts* Declaration of Independence, by Mr. Dawson; an article on 
Thomas's poem '* Jumonville," and Washington; a Vocabulary of the Eudeve, a 
dialect spoken in Sonora ; and the Revolutionary Journals of Aaron Wright and 
Thomas Grant. Quite a number of letters written during the revolution are also 
published, which give an insight into the secret history of that conflict. 

Th«4 second department of the magazine, where reports of the proceedings of the 
▼arioas historical societies in the United States are given, has proved one of the 
most useful portions of the work. The Note and Query Department has also been 
of gr^at service. Already has it cleared away many historical, biographical and 
literary errors, and some of lon^ standing that had established themselves in 
the pubUo mind. The Notes on Books arc brief and pertinent, and the Miscel- 
Uoy gives many items of historical intelligence. 

The magazine has been found by historical societies, historical students and 
othsrsyto answer admiiably as ** medium of intercommunication" for which it 
was projected — something that is for them what the Merchants^ Exchange is to 
mercantile men in our larger cities. 

Pedigree of Mabel Harlakenden. 

This is a lithographic tabular pedigree, prepared by Rev. Henry Jones of Bridge- 
port, Ct., tracing the ancestry of Mabel Harlakenden, who came to New England in 
1635, and afterwards married Gov. John Haynes, to William the Conqueror, 
Malcom 111 of Scotland, Edgar Atheling and several of (he noble families of Eng- 
land. The royal line from William to Victoria is also given, forming a useful ap- 
pendage to the main design. Notices of the Harlakenden family will be found in 
the JUgitterx, 129; xiv, 319 ; xv, 327 ; and xvi, 194. We have not been able to com- 
pare this pedigree with the authorities on which it is based, and are therefore not 
prepared to pass judgment upon it. The chart will be of interest to the descend- 
ants of Gov. Haynee by his second wife Mabel. We understand that a score or so 
of copies may be obtained from the compiler. Rev. Mr. Jones has furnished us with 
the following oonvetion of Trnmbuirs statement relative 4o the family of Got. 
Haynes : 




96 Book J^otices. 

" And here It will be pertinenl to ooirert an error i 
Comipclicut, In hie ncle on occaaian of the dvnth at 
he saj's : 

' 1 he goTemor, b; two wives, bad fight abildren ; five suns and lliree dnaghltun. 
B;' Ilia first, he had Bobert, Ui^Hklali, John, IJoger aud Mu-f ; and b; liis arcaai, 
Joseph, Butb and Mabel. When be came into New linglitTid be Itft bis aona 
Robert snd Ilezplciah, and hla daughter Mary at Coprord Hall. John and Roger 
who caine to this country with Ihoir father,' ko. 

In reltirance to tbia paasag? w« make the following points. 

1. From Morant'a HUlon/ of Bivx we quote ; " John the purchaser of Copford 
Bali, married Mar;, danghler of Robert Tborcton of Nottingham, b/ whom ha had 
Robert and Heiekiab." There ia an unaccountable omlEsion, if John and Roger 
were children of the first wife. Mary, who, according to TrumljatI, married Ur. 
Joseph Cook in England, was probably a diiiigbtpr bj tb^ flrsl marriage. That ahe 
ehonld be omitted by Morant ianot ao surjitising. Tbeieie noitvidenoe IbatEhe WM 
erer Ihla side the water.* 

2. No mention in made in contemporaneoas records of any member of Got. 
Haynea'a family la liaving atleirded him ou his arrival in fiew Kngland in 1C33. 

3. John Haynns was gradoated at Harvard in 1656, Joseph in 165g. Tlieiie dates 
make it probable that John and Joaeph were aemty of an age, children of IhtiBama 
mother, and (taken with the date of the governor's arrivall, born in Now England. 

4. Our worthy stale tlbnrian, C. J. Uoadly, Esq., has recently discovered uiiong 
some conrt papers at Hartlord, an extract from tlio will "( Oov. Baynes, certified 
by John Aliyn, secretary, in whieh ooi-ura the following; " Ouely & alter her 
[Habel'«) deoease, I give the sayd houaea and land befuce mentlonvd to Joh* my 
ddetttimbg my lei/i MtbtUHainrt.''' 

5. Roger is alwsya mentioned after John, and was doubtless a younger brother. 
It is thns rendered nearly certain that the historian should have written, in the ' 

passage above cited, " By hia first, he had Robert, Hezekiiib and Mary, and by bis 
serand, Jouit, liooea, JoaEPn, KrTH and Mabel." And as llie governor married liia 
second wife In ^'ew Kngland, neither John nor Roger oould have come over with 
him. 

Uf these five children of Maliel ; I, JonM ; II, RooEB, according to Trumbull, 
left for England, »nd never returned ; 111, Joskfh waa successor uf Mr. titone in lbs 
ministry at Harirurd. Of bla children : 1, Jeli», Ksq., of Hartford, bad Mary who 
Diuried (1) Klislia Lord, (2) Roewell Saltonaiall, and (3) Preet. Clap of Yale Cul- 
Wgei 2, SariA married Rev. James Pierpout uf Kew Haven, and had Abigail, who 
married Rev. Joseph Moyea of New Haven; IV, Rittb, married Hon. Samuel WyU 
lyi of Hartford, and had : 1, Maty, who married Rev. Joseph £lioI of Gulltord, 
Conn.; 2, Uihiiabtl, who married (1) Rev. Daniel Russell of Cbarlestown, Mass. ; 
(!) Rev. Isaac Foster, and (3) Rev. Timothy Woodbridge, both of Hartford; 3, 
Btiikiah; 4, Rath, who married Rev. Edward Taylor uf WeatSeld, Mass.; T, 
MaaiL married James Russell of Cbarleatowu, Mass. 

The deaceiidants, then, of Eliaba Lord and Mary Haynes, of Roswell SallonttaU 
and Mary Haynes, of Rev. Joseph Noyeti and Abigail Pier|K'nt, of Kev. Joseph 
Eliot uudMarv Wyllja, of Rev. Daniel Rassetl and MehiUble Wvllia, of Rer. 
Timothy Woodbridge and MehilaUe Wyllvi>, of the first Uezfkinb Wv'ily, of Rar. 
Rdward Taylor and Ruth Wyllyi, and of Ilames Russell and Mabel Harnei, h« 
those who may find i>n interest In this pedigree of tbeir ci 



• WiD. 8. Ponar, in bti Blilarirtt Kturt, publl'hfd ondar the psCroniRe dI Ihn Coiineeiim 
Hlalortsal SudMy, Hjn that fttar; Haynar, bata 1M3, iltaraMd no/, macnnl K^niiid Lord, 3d 
Thne daica ire manllisUir (aibored Iram an InHrlinlaD on itto lieavlni and ouilluai luairuiuania 
laMalD ibf old burial groond ai Hartfotd. Hfollovi: 

•■ Hsra lln rb« hndyia of lbs. Hirj Lord alias llooliir, whodlod Unr>- 17tb i;0-^ and 6d ysan. 

" And lllcliard I^rd. Ek]., wbo died Iroty y> »ib. Ui 1. aRrM n year* .-■ 

Bprli-ml.la BtDonl.. 

■• Mr. kwhi.r.1 Lord .if Hanford and Him M»ij- SinLth daaghUr ot Mr. Henry Snillh, lata o 
o.....^.,.. . i»Aji.a6, IWA." 



Aud ilie mine twwfd. rei'orl "Mary " 
Pyiid.u-i, "7MiiiohlM*i" 

.... . . „ obsDIv iUil.twrM , 

nl Rlsbard Ixtrd.a 



icabably iUII, perpelni 



qiltapb abor^ la ilylrd " Kroal (rand-danitalar 0( Oov. Qii^DH. 



i 



1863.] 



Memoir of Elkanah Watton. 



MEMOIR OF ELKANAH WATSON. 

[CominuDloatdd by William Ried Deanb, Esq., ol Brooklina.] 
Elkanah Wnteon was the sixth in descent from Robert Watson, 
who came to Plymouth in 1623. He was born 22d of January, 1758, 
at Plymouth, He was descended, in the sixth generation on hia 
mother's side from Edward Winalow, third governor of the colony. 
His father and nearly all his relatives were zealous whigs and joined 
heartily by personal prowess and pecuniary contributions in the great 
struggle for national independence. He remained till the age of 
fourteen at the ordinary common school in his native town. Hia 
tcaqhei's were Alexander Scammell and Peleg Wadsworth, both after- 
wards distinguished officers in the army. They, in common with 
other patriotic spirits, saw the gathering clouds, and not far distant 
the Revolutionary tempest. They studied military tactics intently. 
They formed the boys in their school into a military company which 
Booa gave it the air of an arsenal, with their wooden guns and tin 
bayonets suspended around the walls. "Piping times of peace" 
have sinoe intervened for many years. Divines and moralists of all 
deuom illations and shades have preached absolute peace and nou- 
resistauce; and, if they have preached vengeance at all, have dealt 
it most heavily upon the head of him who should teach the art of 
war, or convince that it could ever again be required in our conutry. 
Children should not even be indulged with military playthings,' 
and the song of the Shepherd Boy in Sir Philip Sidney's Arcadia, 
"piping as though he never should be old," seemed literally a true 
picture of our peaceful lot and was presumed to be eternal. But 
with less prophetic vision and less preparation than even at that 
period, the cry " to arms " is now again rung in our ears, and almost 
precisely the same scenes are rcifnacted at the present day. The 
children have their military playthings, the boys their wooden giins,^ 

' The irriter of tliis heard Rev. Dr. Clianaing about twentj-Ara /K&r&aiuce, in 
B mnooa iii lii« own pulpit, in speaking of the (Education of children, say, thai he 
would leduloual; keep from lhi>m every military playUiing, Tbe seDllineotB im- 
mediately preuading, tlie writer has beard expreasud at peacu moetinga In Boston. 

' At the begiuniue of our preseot contest, ' wooden guns and tin baynnela " were 
nsedi aoaii, however, real guns adapted in siiH lo the youth of oar schools were in 
use. One of the *ery Brst and moat thoroagli private educational iDaliCutiona in 
onr city, the one in which have been prepared for ool lege, more individuals who 
Iiave beL-atoe i^lergymen than any other of the hind in the stale, now makes military 
drillapartof itsdisoiplLue, and abrancbotiu tuitiou. ThomaaCuabing, A. M., the 
reapeoted and entfrprising head of the Chauncy Hall Bchool, U a descendant of 
Robvrt Watson, the Bnt anceelor in this country of tbe Wataon family, and a near 
relative of th* aabjecl of this memoir, lu patting through Cbaunuj atr«et recently, 
as we were opposite Chaunoy Hail, the teacher emerged from llie ecbool In true 
■nilllary oider with bis company of boya, and after going through varioua evolu- 
tions, at the utterance of the wordH " forward march," tbey were loon inrning tlie 
comers of our streets with eorreot mililary precision, Mr, Cusbing spirahs In his 
last annual report of the possibility of bringing military inatriiction into our public 
ichoola. We understand that the present legislature baa in view the preparation 
of a law requiring all boyh of a certain ags to be taught uilitwy taclica u a part of 
Ihelr edn cation. 

Vol XVII. 



1863.] Menwir of Elkanah Watstm. 97 



MEMOIR OF ELKANAH WATSON. 

[Commnnioatdd by William Rbbd Dbahb, Esq., of Brookline.] 

Elkanah Watson was the sixth in descent from Robert WatsoOi 
who came to Plymouth in 1623. He was born 22d of January, lt58, 
at Ply month, He was descended, in the sixth generation on his 
mother's side from Edward Winslow, third governor of the colony. 
His father and nearly all his relatives were zealous whigs and joined 
heartily by personal prowess and pecuniary contributions in the great 
■tfnggle for national independence. He remained till the age of 
fourteen at the ordinary common school in his native town. His 
teachers were Alexander Scammell and Pcleg Wadsworth, both after- 
wards distinguished officers in the army. They, in common with 
other patriotic spirits, saw the gathering clouds, and not far distant 
the Revolutionary tempest. They studied military tactics intently. 
Thej formed the boys in their school into a military company which 
soon ^ave it the air of an arsenal, with their wooden guns and tin 
bayonets suspended around the walls. "Piping times of peace" 
hare ainoe intervened for many years. Divines and moralists of all 
denominations and shades have preached absolute peace and nou- 
lesiataoce; and, if they have preached vengeance at all, have dealt 
it most heavily upon the head of him who should teach the art of 
war, or convince that it could ever again be required in our country. 

Children should not even be indulged with military playthings,^ 
and the song of the Shepherd Boy in Sir Philip Sidney's Arec^ia, 
"pipings as though ho never should be old," seemed literally a true 
picture of our peaceful lot and was presumed to be eternal. But 
with less prophetic vision and less preparation than even at that 
periodp the cry ** to arms " is now again rung in our ears, and almost 
precisely the same scenes are rcSuacted at the present day. The 
children have their military playthings, the boys their wooden gBns,^ 

^ The writer of this heard Rev. Dr. ChanDing about twenty-five years since, in 
a sermon in his own palpit, in speaking of the education of children, say, that he 
voold sedolonsly keep from them every military plaything. Tbe sentiments im* 
Bedialely preceding, the writer has heard expressed at peace meetings in Boston. 

' At the beginning of our present contest, ' wooden guns and tin bayonets " were 
vaed; toon, however, real guns adapted in size to the youth of our schools were in 
mm. One of the very first and most thorough private educational institutions in 
our city, tbe one in which have been prepared for college, more individuals who 
Wve become clergymen than any other of the kind in the state, now makes military 
drill a part of its discipline, and a branch of its tuition. Thomas Gushing, A. M., the 
Inspected and enterprising head of the Chauncy Hall school, is a descendant of 
Eobvrt Watfton, the first ancestor in this country of the Watson family, and a near 
niative of the subject of this memoir. In passing through Chauncy street recently, 
u we were opposite Chauncy Hall, the teacher emerged from the school in tru^ 
military order with his company of boys, and after going through various evol(l< 
tiona, at the utterance of the wordn " forward march," they were soon turning the 
•omers of our streets with correct military precii<ion. Mr. Cushing speaks in hi« 
krt annual report of the possibility of bringing military instruction into our publio 
lehools. We understand that the present legislature has in view the preparation 
of a law requiring adl boyb of a certain age to be taught military taotioA m a part of 
(hrir education. 

Vol. XVII. 7 



9S 



Memoir of Elkanah Wakon. 



[April 



oiir teachers march out their scholars as Scammell and Wadsworth 
did in 1776 — the sheplierd boy's song is Iiushed, and he, in common 
with others of all prufeBsrons and tnides, ia tlioroughly trained in all 
the arts of war. The lose of our conntry has convinced us ihal it ia 
our duty to fight; our souls are fired for batlle.-while the afflictiona 
and bereaveraentfl which are the consequence, weigh heavily oo our 
hearts. 

Young Watson imbibed the spirit of his day. He learned his lea- 
son well, and at the age of Sfleeo, in September, 1773. he left Ply- 
mouth for Providence, to become an apprentice with John Brown, a 
benefactor of Browu Uuiversity, and then one of the most enterprising 
merchants in our country. In that year the tea was destroyed at 
Boston, and the difficulties with England were assuming a very 
serious aspect. The young men of Providence formed themselves 
into military associations, and often met to drill. He enrolled him- 
self in the Cadet company commanded hy Col. Nightingale. The 
uniform was a scarlet coat faced with yellow. The five companies 
formed in Providence were reviewed by the celebrated Oen. Lee in 
the autumn of 1774, and received from him the highest encomiums. 
" On the intelligence of tlie march upon Lexington, the five Providence 
companies flew ft arms " says Mr. Watson in his journal. Be spent 
the night with many of the company running bullets and preparing 
ammunition, and the next morninif they marched, nothwithalanding 
the proclamation of Gov. .loseph Wanton, for the scene of action. 
Capt. Greene, afterwards the celebrated Gen. Greene, with his com- 
pany of Warwick Greens, and Capt. Varnum, afterwards a Revola- 
tionary General, with his company of Greenwich Volunteers, marched 
with the Providence companies toward Lexington. An express met 
them, after having advanced a few miles, informing them that the 
regulars had been driven back to Boston. 

The mind of young Watson was fixed upon entering the army, but 
application to his father and to Mr. Brown, to be released from his 
indentures, were in vain. Mr. Brown, finding the army almost desti- 
tute of every munition of war. particularly of powder, directed tho 
captains of his vessels on their return voyages, to freight with that , 
article, and when the army at Boston had not four rounds to a man, 
most fortunately, one of Mr. Brown's ships brouK'>t ^^ '' ^**'' ^nd &g 
half of powder, and it was immediately forwarded under the chargi 
of young Watson to Cambridge, attended by six or eight recruits t 
guard it, Mr. Watson says: " I delivered my letter to Gen> Watt 
ington in person, and was deeply impressed with an emotion I cai 
not describe in contemplating that great man, his august person, bM 
majestic mcin, his dignified and commanding deportment." Soot 
after this Mr. Brown having contracted to supply the army of Wast 
ington with flour, sailed fur Providence with a cargo from Ncwpoi 
This vessel was sHised, and Mr. Brown was himself made a priaontU 
and was sent to Boston in irons, charged with heading a party, iil 
1^72, which burned his majesty's schooner Gasp^e, in Proi " 
river. 

Tlie whole community were indignant and exasperated at his seid 
ure. A consultation was held immediately and it was decided n 
send BD exprGBB to Plymouth in order to fit oat two armed schooaen 



1863.] Memoir of Elkanah Watson. 99 

to intercept, if possible, the captured flour vessel, in her passage 
roood Cape God, and release Mr. Brown. Watson was entrusted 
with that important mission, and with his musket at his back, on a 
fleet horse, he arrived at Plymouth at two o'clock in the morning, 
alarmed the town with the cry of fire, and aroused up the committee 
of safety. At sunrise he was awakened by the beat of the drum to 
mnster volunteers for the enterprise. By two o'clock the same day, 
he with sixty to eighty others embarked on board two dilapidated 
fishing schooners equipped with two old cannon each, and with pow- 
der loose in barrels. They sailed reckless of consequences, deter- 
mined to secure Mr. Brown. T^^y ^^^^ ^^ commission, and had they 
bceif captured, would probably have been hung as pirates with little 
formality. They cruised ten days east of Cape Cod without success, 
and being pressed by a ];wenty gun ship, finally escaped into Ply* 
mouth. Thus young Watson sailed at the age of seventeen from the 
place of his nativity, in probably the first vessel that opposed the 
British flag, and but a few rods from the rock upon which our fore- 
fathers landed, one hundred and fifty-five years before, in the asser- 
tion of that liberty which was then bravely defended by their de- 
scendaDts. Mr. Brown was soon after released through the interpo- 
sition of his brother, Moses Brown, the conspicuous and eminent 
Quaker of Providence. 

The commerce of Providence was prostrated by the war, and in 
Angusty nt7, Mr. Brown and his brother Nicholas proposed to Mr. 
Watson to take charge of about fifty thousand dollars to carry on 
horseback to South Carolina, and deposit in the hands of agents for 
investment in cargoes for European markets. He started on the 4th 
of September, with a good horse under him, a hanger at his side and 
a pair of pistols in his holsters, passing through Virginia, via Frede- 
ricksbarg, Williamsburgh, Jamestown, Sufiblk, Edenton near Pam- 
lico sound, through Newbern, Wilmington, Georgetown, N. C, and 
other places we now so often see in our papers as being in the track, 
the din and jargon of our present war, arriving at Charlestop, S. C, 
after two and a half months travel, on the 18th of November. Here 
be delivered the funds which he had carried the entire journey in 
the quilted lining of his coat. On the 15th of January, 1788, a 
large portion of Charleston was accidentally burnt, while he was 
yet tarrying there. 

Mr. Watson left Charleston January 29th, and continued his jour- 
nej to Port Royal. He says of Port Royal Island: " Here are a few 
rice plantations — the staple is indigd — and some cotton is cultivated 
for domestic purposes, but as it is difficult to disentangle the fibre 
from the seed, its extensive culture is not attempted, although it 
eminently flourishes in this climate and is a most important article. 
Every evening we noticed the Negroes, old and young, clustered in 
their hats around their pine knot fires, plucking the obstinate seed 
from the cotton.'* This was of course before the great invention of 
the cotton gin by the celebrated Eli Whitney. Mr. Watson states 
that Beaufort contained about seventy houses besides public build- 
iags at that time. He says " mutual antipathies and prejudices pre- 
dominated at the south previous to the Revolution; and we had 
wnsrj reason to apprehend that, if not allayed by wise and pi\xd^\i\i 



Memoir of Elkanah Watson, 



[Apr^ 



100 

measures, they would have reeuUcd in a dianicmljeriiieDt of the coal 
federacy." 

Gen. John WJn&low, Mr. Wataon'a mother's uncle, a noble, geD9> 
roua and accoinpliithed man, a distiuffuished officer iu the French wuJ 
was from tlie first of our Revolutionary difficulties, an aaeerter anf^ 
defender of the riglite and prerogatives of royalty, and flubaequentU 
bcid some judicial position in Plymouth colony. Mr. Watson speaH 
of remembering to have seen him " going in proceseioD as a membj 
of the Court, from his quarters to the Court-house. The Judges WM 
clothed in robes of scikrlet, and the clerk bore before tltcm so^ 
formidable insignia of their power, the high sheriff with i 
sword, and the deputies and constables with their staves, making- q 
the escort." The jury were also in the procession, " Tliis was til 
pomp and etiquette," says Mr. W., "royalty reflected at that perld 
upon every department of the colonial government." 

On the 23d of January, 1779, Mr. Watson having attained I 
aice of twenty-one, and having bc'en deeply disappointed by 
effects of the war in his expectations of establishment in life, n 
induced to accept proposals made to him by Mr. Browu, with wh 
he had served his time, and others, to proceed to Franco in assocUj 
tioQ with them, and sailed August 4, 1779, in the Mercury, Oapt 
Simeon Sampson (one of the most efficient uaval commanders in u 
Revolution). He had for fellow passengers Maj. Knoi, brother f 
Geo. Knos and others. The French frigate La Sensible, from 
Broat, having on board Johu Adams, and the firet FroDCh Ambassfr 
dor to onr young republic, Mr. Gerard, had dropped anchor about an 
hour before, and Mr. Watson and others went on board to receive 
their commands for France. The Mercury arrived off the coast of 
France and dropped anchor abreast the walls of St. Martin, a cily of 
the lie de Rh4. The Amcricao Consul, Mr. Craig, cane on board 
with several officers. The captain and Maj, Knox received them in 
full U. S, uuirurm, and as they landed on the quay, it was thronged 
with the populace to see (as they esteemed the passengers), " the 
North American savages," They had despatches of the utmost im- 
portance to the French government, and to onr Ambassador, Dr. 
Frauklin. then at Paasy, whither they proceeded by land. Our 
insurrection having broken out in Bostoo, the French population 
confounded the whole nation with our city, and as Mr. Watson, Maj. 
Enox and the Consul mounted their mules and trotted briskly over 
the pavements of St. Martin, tliey were followed by a crowd, and tbeir 
ears were constantly assailed with lite cry of " Yoilb les braves 
Boetones " (there go the brave Bostonians). 

Mr. Watsou visited La Koch^lle, the stronghold of the Huguenots 
of France, from whom have since sprung, in our own country, eome 
of the best and truL'St citizens of our republic. La Vendue, Nantea, 
Angers, Veraailles, Paris, and other places, were viailed by Mr. 
Watson, and noticed in short but comprehensive descriplioDs in his 
journal. His first interview with Dr. Frauklin, of whom he bad 
beard familiarly from his cradle, was at Passy. He saya, his 
image was vividly pictured on bis mind, and is well delineated io 
Trumbiill's picture of the Declaration of ludependencc, Mr. W. dined 
with Dr. FraDklui soon alter, and his description of the party, the 



1863.] Jiiemair of Eiktrndi Waison. 101 

cexBtnonj, Ac, is very intereBting. He Bax«:/."Few foreigners have 
been presented to tbe Court of St. Cloud, wi)/)«baye acquired so much 
infloence and popularity as Dr. Franklin. I hstve^een the populace 
attend his carriage in the manner they followed the^Jc lug's." 

Mr. Watson left Paris on the 20th of October, 1 i^i, upon a tour 
tfaroag^h the western provinces of France and the Nelh^rTand^. He 
Tisited PeroQn6, Lisle, Ostend, Brussels, and Bruges, noticing par- 
tiGolarly the canals of tbe latter place — the information thus bbt»U)ed 
bein^ afterwards of great value to him as a strong and intelltgpnJi 
advocate of the great canals since made in western New York, and 
other parts of our country. 

Mr. Watson called upon Hon. Silas Deane at Ghent, of whom he 
•peaks with some remarks, in accordance with the prejudices of in- 
terested individuals, but in the publication of Mr. Watson's Men and 
TSsKf of the Revalutian, he says: " I owe it to truth and justice, to 
record bis vindication from these strictures by a potent pen," and 
there inserts a letter from John Trumbull, the brilliant author of 
McFimgai, to whose criticism Mr. Watson had submitted his manu- 
scripts.i 

In 1782, Mr. Watson obtained a passport from Dr. Franklin and 
went over to England. Dr. F. also furnished him with letters to 
some of the most eminent philosophers and statesmen of England, 
amon|^ them Drs^ Priestly and Price, and Hon. Edmund Burke. He 
went directly from Dover to London, and afterwards visited Bir- 
ning^baniy Oxford, Stratford-upon-Avon, Bath, Bristol, Leeds, Shef- 
fieldy Manchester, Liverpool, and other places. He met at Birming- 
ham the celebrated loyalist, Chief Justice Oliver, conspicuous in the 
early days of the American Revolution, and also a son of Gov. Hutch- 
inson. He there saw Dr. Priestly, Mr. Watt, the inventor of the 
steam-engine, and other distinguished characters. He was much in- 
terested in the canals at Birmingham. Mr. Watson says in his jour- 
nal: ''With Dr. Franklin, always kind and familiar, I could hold 
converse as with a venerated father; but Burke seemed a being of 
another sphere^" 

Soon after Mr. W.'s arrival in England, he dined with Copley, the 
distinguished paintcr> a Bostonian by birth, and came to the conclu- 
sion to expend a hundred guineas which he had just easily obtained 
for a splendid portrait of himself by that celebrated artist. 

"The painting was finished," says Mr. W. in his journal, 'Mn most 
admirable style, except the back ground, which Copley and I designed 
to represent a ship, bearing to America the acknowledgment of in- 
dependence, with a sun just rising upon the stripes of the Union 
streaming from her gaff. All was complete save tbe flag, which 
Copley did not deem prudent to hoist under present circumstances, 
as his fl^allery is a constant resort of the royal family and the nobi- 
lity. I dined with the artist on the glorious 5th of December, 1782, 
after listening with him to the speech of the king, formally recog- 
nising the United States of America as in the rank of nations. Pre- 
vious to dining, and immediately after our return from the house of 
lords, he invited me into his studio, and there, with a bold hand, a 



I 8m page 152 of Mm and Timti €f tlu Rtvolutum, to which Tolame we are in- 
diUed for most of the facta in thia memoir relative to lir. Wataon. 



Memoif ofElkanah Watson. 



[ApJ 



102 

master's toucli, and mii^eve an American heart, attached to ttie eM 
the itctTi and stript.*.'- viK was, I imagine, tie first Americnn JUtg k 
id in Old England.^ *'"■ ' 

Mr. Wat8uti'.*uil conducted lo the house of lordu by the Earl i 
Perriers, who"?" leaving him at the door whispered in hie eurs: ' "' 
an u<!hr the-thrune as you can; Tear nothing." He found hi: 
elh^w it) elbow with the celebrated Lord Admiral Howe, He the! 
□jeV'^oth Copley and Wext (the artist), with some American ladid 
Tlie ting's speech, in which the colonies were allowed to be free am 
independent, was delivered at that time. When ihe following paa 
age was delivered by the king, "I have pointed all my views ad 
measures in Europe, as in North America, to an eiilire and cordifl 
reconciliation with the colonies. Finding it indispennible to the d 
tainment or this object, 1 did ni>t lieaiUlc to go tlie full Icnglli of tB 
powers invested in me, and offer to declare thcni " — "Here," bum 
Ur. Wutsun, "he paused, and was in evident agitation; either en 
barrassed iu reading his speech by the darkness of the room, or op- ' 
pressed by a ttalural emoCian. In a moment he resumed" — "and ofTer 
to declare tliem /i-M «ii(i independent Bt&te»," &c. "Georgulll," Mr. 
W. says, " was celebrated for reading his speeches iu a distinct, free 
and impressive manner." 

On the 26lh of May. 1184, Mr. Watson left London for Holland, 
by way of Harwich. He visited Rotterdam, Delft Haven, the Hague, 
Leyden, Haarlem, Amsterdam, Antwerp, and other places, and of all, 
gives intelligent notices and descriptions in his journal. He re- 
turned to London in a few months, and spent an evening just previ- 
ouB to his departure for home in company with Surgeon Sharp in his 
capacious library at the house of hia brother, the well known pliilan- 
thropist, Granville Sharp. Dr. Sharp entrusted to him two bundles 
of books, embracing bis entire publications on emancipation and 
other congenial topics, directed to Gen, Washington. i 

Mr. W. had previonsly noticed in that library of Dr. Sharp, the 
Memoirs and Letters of Ignatius Saneho, an educated African, It 
riveted bis atleulion, caused bim to buy the woik and to seek the 
humble residence of his widow, of whom the letters iu the memoir 
written by Ignatius, spoke with so much affection.^ On the 21at of 
August, 1184, he embarked on board the George Washington, Capt. 
Smith on bis return to America, arriving, after an absence of fire 
years, at Providence, early in October, being so much changed by 
time and travel, that he was not at first recognized by Mr. Brown. 

On the 3d of December, be embarked in a sloop packet for New 
York with Sufus King, Elbridgo Gerry and Judge Sullivan on their 
way to Congress. Mr. W. remained in New York, about a month iu 
the family of his uncle John Sloss fiohart,^ from thence he went to 
Philadelphia, Maryland, Delaware and Mount Vernon, where he de- 



*See Rtguter, s, 14B, fur ut aooonnt of Ur. BolMtrt. 



1863.] Jiiemair of Eikamah Waison. 103 

fiyered to WashlDgton the books in his charge from Dr. Sharp. Mr. 
Wifctaon says: ** I remained aloue in the society of Washington for 
two' dajBy the richest of my life." Much of the conversation of 
WaahiDgtOD, was npbu the interior of the country, and in regard to 
improTing the navigation of tlie Potomac by canals and locks, in 
wbich he was deeply absorbed. He allowed Mr. Watson to take 
Ainntes from his jonrnals on the subject. At this period, Mr. Watson 
became greatly occupied in plans for internal, navigation and im- 
provemeDts, and to him afterwards, in a very great measure, was 
New York indebted for her spendid chain of internal communication; 
aod to DO one, excepting Gov. De Witt Clinton, does that state owe 
more of its material prosperity previous to the new impetus of rail 
roads. 

While Mr. Watson was in England, he contributed to the relief of 
Col. Silas Talboty a native of Dighton, Mass., one of the bravest com- 
modores of our Revolution, who was captured by the British, first im- 
prisoned in the Jersey prison ship, afterwards in the Old Sugar House 
is New Tork, and finally in Mill Prison, near Plymouth, Eng. In 
1788, Mr. W. made a tour from Providence, to the western part of 
Massachusetts and New York state, calling at Johnson Hall, Johns- 
town, N. Y., formerly the seat of Sir Wm. Johnson, and then owned 
and occupied by Colonel or Commodore Silas Talbot, whom he had 
aided .while in prison in England, as before stated.^ 

It ^iiras from this tour of observation that Mr. Watson was induced 
in 1789 to remove from Providence to Albany. At this time, not 
more than five New England families were residents in Albany. Mr. 
Watson, by the power of his pen in the public journals and his per- 
sonal efforts, effected numerous local improvements in that city. 

While visiting Philadelphia in 1792, Mr. Watson visited the grave 
of Franklin, and mentions in his journal that his last interview with 
Franklin, who was then eighty years of age, occurred in 1786, at 
which interview Dr. Franklin observed, soon after entering the room, 
that ** all his own friends were dead, and he found himself alone in 
the midst of a new generation; and he added, a remark alike 
characteristic of the man and the philosopher, he was in their way, 
and it was time he were off the stage; yet he delighted a circle of 
yonng people, the whole evening, with pleasing anecdotes and inte- 
resting stories; for, in his old age he was a most interesting com* 
panion of youth." 

In 1791 Mr. Watson took a tour through the interior of New York 
state in company with Jeremiah Van Rensselaer, Gen. Philip Van 
Cortlandt and Stephen N. Bayard, Esq., the object being to scruti- 
nise opinions on the subject of an inland navigation, which had been 
suggested by his former investigations. 

By his efforts in promotion of internal improvements, Mr. Watson 
became intimately acquainted with Chancellor Robert R. Livingston, 
ind with many other eminent and conspicuous men of the state. ^ 

In June, 1B07, Mr. Watson retired from the city, and purchased a 
farm, on which was an elegant mansion, near the beautiful village of 
Pittsficld, Mass., where, at the age of fifty, he adopted the pursuit of 

1 See the Lift of Silag Talbol^ a Commodort in the Navy of tkt Untied Statet, By 
H. T. Tockerzuan. New York : J. 0. Riker. 1850. 



JlfemotV of Elkanah Ifo&on. 




[Apii 

agricaltnre, remarking that "he had embraced il at too late a peritri 
of life — after bis habits and feelings had been, moulded by a lo 
residence in cities." 

Here he resided nine or ten years, in which his moat effective a 
valuable labors were exercised in the promotion of agricultnrc ■ 
manufacturee. He procured the first pair of Merino aheep that bad 
been introduced into Berkshire county.' *"Iwas induced," he say«, 
in the Butory of the Berhhirt Agricultural Socitty, published in 1820. 
" to notify an exhibition under the lofty elm tree, on the publio 
square in Pittsficld, of my two Merino sheep," which attracted man^ 
farmers and others. From this lie was induced to effect a display of 
different animals in larger numbers, and thus was initiated the first 
agricultural fairs and cattle shows in the country. The wool of 
the two abeep referred to was mauulactnred into cloth with great 
paiue, and far excelled any woolen fabric that had yet appeared in 
our country. It was spoken of in the papers of the day, aud aam- 
ples of it were exhibited in the principal cities. This was the ori- 
gin of woolen factories in Berkshire county. At the winter session 
of the Legislature in 1808, the Berkshire Agricultural Society wa« 
incorporated, and the autumn of the same year an exhibition was 
held at Filtstield. In a procession on the occasion, which was novel 
and imposing, "were sixty-nine oxen connected by chains, drawiug 
a plough held by the oldest man in the county, and each member of 
the society was decorated with a badge of wheat in his hat. A plat- 
form Upon wheels followed drawn by oxen, bearing a broadcloth 
loom and spinning jenny, both in operation by English artists, as the 
Btage moved along," &c., &c. 

In February, 1816, Mr, Watson relumed to his former residence 
in Albany, abandoning rural scenes, flocks aud herds. At that time 
the Agricultural society passed a vote that a premium be offered an- 
nually for the best blooded merino buck produced at the fair, in the 
form of a silver cup, of the value of $13, on which should be en- 
graved the '■ Watson Cup." 

Mr. Watson, for several succeeding years, in an extensive and 
volumnious correspondence in the United States and in Europe, aid- 
ed the formation of agricultural societies, aud advanced the general 
cause of agriculture, by diffusing the results of his own experience. 
Among Mr. Watson's correspondents were Jefferson, John and John 
Quincy Adams, and Madison. 

Mr. Watson, iu 1828, removed from Albany to Port Kent, on Lake 
Champlaiu — a village which had been formed chiefly by himself — 
a position favorably situated as a depot for the vast manufacturiiiK 
products of the Au Sable river, aud of nnsurpasscd beauty. The 
place received its name from Chancellor Kent. 

Mr. Watson delivered an address or speech at Monlpelier, Vt,, at 
an agricultural meeting in 1830; at Keeseville, N. T., in 1833, on 

_ ^. 

' Tbe flrit pair o( Merino shesp imported into this country oka brought bj Wm. 
Fottsr, Rsq , of Boston, in IT93. In 1802, Qen. D*vid Uumplircf i of Conufclicntl 
when tnlnlBler to Si*iii nnder Mr Jefferson, imported 200. ChniK^ellor LiTingslou 
Impotled^faw in 1809-10; chelate Hon, Wm, Jnrvia of WealhursBuld. Vt,, im- 
ported very Ikrgelj, md to liim mors Ihtili to any other mtu, is due tlie mpid kdvitnca 
In Uia mumbctare* of fln« wool. Sm Paltnl OgUtR^ort an Jgneultitn, laCl, p. 2&9. 



J8S3.] Jdemair of Elkanah Watson. 105 

Temperance, and freqnently was he called from his retirement at 
Port Kent to join in the festivals of various Agricultural societies, 
of all wbicli he may be said to be the father;^ and finally by particu- 
lar aolicitation, he attended, in October, 1837, the twenty-seventh 
aoniTersarj of the Berkshire society, at the venerable age of seven- 
tj-nine, and upon this occasion he delivered his last address before 
the society. "It was his valedictory,'' as his son remarks, " to all 
these associations; and here appropriately terminated his public 
conree.'' The closing paragraph of his address was in the following 
words: " Permit me, gentlemen, bending under the weight of years, 
once more to bid you an affectionate — a final adieu. That the Eter- 
nal maj continue to shower his benedictions on your heads, and 
inspire yonr hearts and those of your descendants in process of time, 
to aphold and sustain the society in all its original purity, through 
many ^nerations, is my earnest prayer: once more, a long, long 
farewelK" 

The remaining five years of the life of Mr. Watson were spent at 
Port Kent, where, as his physical powers gradually failed, attended 
at tifnes with severe suffering and prostration, he prepared in calm- 
and resignation for his departure. His intellectual powers re- 
ined nnimpaired, and his mental industry unabated. His pen 
uras his solace^ and his last thoughts clung to those themes to 
nrhich his life had been consecrated. His devotedness to public 
concerns impaired his private fortune, while it attested the purity 
and disinterestedness of his motives. He died at Port Kent^ Dec. 6, 
1843, in the eighty-fifth year of his age. A plain and simple obelisk 
bearing an appropriate inscription, marks his grave. 

Elkanah Watson published among others the following works: 
History vf Agricultural Societies on the Modern Berkshire System, 8vo. 
Albany, 1820. 

History of the Rise and Progress^ and Existing Condition of the West- 
Canals in the State of New York, 1788-1819. 8vo. Albany, 1820. 
TIU Rise and Progress and Existing State of Modern Agricultural So- 

8vo. Albany, 1820. 
A Tour in HoUa/nd in 1784. By an American. 8vo. Worcester, 
1190. 

History of Canals. 



* # •» » 



Town of Golbubne, N. H. — The proprietors and owners of lands in 
the town of Colburne, county of Grafton, were taxed for continental 
and state taxes, from the year 1780 to 1790. Since 1795 the name 
does not appear among the list of towns. Can any of the readers of 
the Register inform us from whom the town derived its name, when 
the name was changed, and the present name of the township? 

April. 1863. , J. C n. 

1 In 1800, there were bnt few egricnltaral societies in the United States oat of 
MaMaohosetts. In 1831, aeoording to a statement in J. S. SkinnerV Jimtrlcan 
Fkmwr of that year, th«re were 786 agricultural and hortiooltural societies in the 
United States— 44 of them in Massachusetts. Since then the number has greatly 
Imor e a a ed. 



Sketch of the Family of Field. 



[Apra; 



SKETCH OF THE FAMILY OF FIELD 



[By Ossoon Field, Esq., of London, Kng, ] 

The derivation of the family name of Field ia self-evidont. The sul 
Btantive from which it ia takco was generally Bpclt fold, until about 
the middle of the 16th century, and alter that dale feild, fceld or field, 
all llieae sometimee terminatiDg in the letter e. Tlie present mude 
of spelling this word haa been general for more than two centuries. 
The family name haa changed with the nonn, with the exception that 
Bome brtinchea adhere to the old spelling of Feild or Forlde. 

There are many reasons for supposing that the Fields, or at least 
8ome families of the name, are descended from the de la Felds. The 
prefix " de la" was dropped by many families in England during tlie 
Hth century, in consequence of the wars with Fiance having made 
it unpopular, and 1 have not met with the name of Fcld, alont, ear- 
lier than Ihia period, or in the year 1393. 

In those localitiea where the de la Felda were most numcroas be- 
tween the 11th and l5th centuries, aa for iiistuncu the counties of 
Lancaater, Herta, Gloucester and Herelord, we 6nd the Felda or 
Fielda seated between the 15ih and I6th cenluries, or a little earlier. 
Sometimes the two names are met with in the identical spot, but at 
difi'erent periods. 

The estates of Robert de la Felde, one of the lorda of Bardwicke, 
county of Gloucealer, in 1316, arc said to have descended to the Fields 
and remained with them for many generations. The place is atill 
called "Field Court." 

The estates of Thomaa Feld of Paganhill, in the parish of Stronde, 
county of Gloucester, descended through his nephew to the laic John 
dt la Field Phelps of Dursley, whose middle name shows that be 
claimed descent from the de la Felds. 

I would also observe that the arms of the do la Pelds or DelaBelda 
of Audley, county of Hereford (sable, throe garbs argent), are the 
same aa the moat ancient borne by any branch of the Fielda, viz,; 
that of Yurkahire, except that the latter bear a chevron, which waa 
often used in heraldry aa " a difference," i. e., to distinguish different 
branches of the same family. 

The arms of the Fields of the West Riding of Yorkshire, "aable, 
a chevron between three garba argent," were confirmed to a member 
of this family, John' Feld or Feild, the astronomer of Ardaley, a 
village between Wakefield and Bradford, on the 4th of September, 

'For a Bkelch of J,ihn Prid or Foild. the "Proto Copeniicm of England," I 
would refer tbe rakdur lo the OmlUman'i Magatlnt fur 1834, part lat, piigii4jll. 
I will ftdd thnt he wai the ion of Riubaid KWde of Ardsley, whose olll ii ilftl«d 
Augiut teih, 1A42. Both filber ftod aoD narae iti llitrir trills their kiDbnitin, ihtt 
Kowella of Litllo Ut-rlay. Rit^hu-d Feld was prnhably a graudiou of William of 
Bradford, nbo dieil in 1480, and cousin of Juhn FxildH of Uorlou. I am lucltusd 
to plaoa the birth of the utrouoniei about the year 1S20. 




1863.] Sketch of the FamUy of Fidd. 107 

1558, and at the-same time the following crest was granted to him 
as a recognition of his services to the cause of science, " a dexter 
arm issning out of clouds proper fesswajs, habited gules, holding 
in the hand, also proper, a sphere or.*' The arms^ are of the simple 
character of the most ancient ones, and were doubtless used by the 
family before grants originated. The garb or wheatsheaf is one of 
those plays on the name so frequently met with in heraldry, it being 
the chief production of the fields, and therefore best emblem of a 
family of that name. These arms arc found, with the sole difference 
that the chevron is " or " on a roll in the Herald's college of London, 
which is one of a collection made in IdSO, and styled at that date 
''an ancient roll." The officials of the college attribute it to the 
rei|n> of Edward I. They are called the arms of- Feld. 

The progenitor of the English de la Fclds, was Huburtus de la 
Feldy who is said to have gone over with the Conqueror, and whose 
ancestors, the counts of that name, had been seated at the Chateau 
de la Feld, near Col mar in Alsatia for centuries before, and so early 
as the darkest period which followed the fall of the Roman Empire. 
Here, one of them entertained in the 11th century, Pope Leo IX and 
his court, on his way to consecrate the Cathedral of Strasburgh. 
This ediBce received many benefactions at their hands, and several 
of them are interred here in the chantries they founded. 

So early as the 3d of William the Conqueror, 1068, Hubertus de la 
Feld held lands in the county of Lancaster, probably granted to him 
for military services. In the 12th of Henry I, John de la Feld ap- 
pears as the owner of lands in the same county. 

The first appearance of the Fields, without the prefix de la, in this 
neig^hborhood, is in that part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, 
^which borders upon Lancashire; and I am inclined to think from the 
fact of their progress being from west to cast and for other reasons, 
that they came from the latter county. 

The earliest authentic record of them I have met with, is in the 
year 1480, when letters for the administration of the estate of 
•• William Feld of Bradford," were granted to his widow Eatherine 
on the 21st of April. As we find the family seated at Horton in 
Bradford, a few years later, it is probable that this was the resid* 
ence of William Feld, and that the description "of Bradford" refers 
to the parish rather than to the town. The registers of Bradford 
chnrch only go back to 1596, and the wills of that period fail to 
afford sufficient evidence to trace the connection between the above 
William Feld and John Feld,^ or Feilde, of Horton, about two miles 

^In 1653, Edmand Field of Weston, Herts, of a family long seated in that 
coaiitj, obtained a grant of the same arms, except that the chevron is engrailed, 
together with the crest granted to John Feild, from which we are led to suppose 
that he claimed a similar origin with the Yorkshire Fields. In 1821, John Wilmer 
Feild obtained for himself and brother a grant of entirely new arms, and a crest 
differing but slightly from that granted to the astronomer! 

'Besides the branch at Horton, between the years ISOO and 1600, the Felds or 
Fields were seated at sereral places within a radius of 10 miles of Bradford, and 
were probably all descended from William Feld, who died in 1480. Thus we find 
them atCrostton, in the parish of Stansfield, and close to Lancashire, at Sharleston 
sear WiJcefield, at Ardeston or Ardsley, between the latter place and Bradford, 
at BeUiton near Lwds, at Halifax and in the oontigaoos pariahea of Kirkheaton and 
Almoodborj. 



108 Sketch of Ihe Famiiy of Field. [ApH 

eoutliwest of the town of Bradford. As this Jotin bad a grandaqfl 
of tlie Baroe name Hviug in 1550, we may suppose that be was boi^| 
about the year 1500, and that be was a grandson of the above W^| 
liam FeM. John Feilde is named in tbe will of his eon Thomas ^M 
Sbipley, dated Jan. Utb, 15T2-3. lu 15t7 he aod Thomas Swat^| 
were appointed Jurors for Horton, in what is called "Barnard^l 
Survey," and we iofer from their holding^ tbis ofiice that tbcy we^| 
the two persous of most coiisideratioD iu tbe township. Ue left^| 
BOD William besides tbe Thomas mentioned above. Jfl 

TboDias Peitde resided at Sbipley, in the parish of Bradford. ^H 
his will, he desires to be buried ou the south side of BradfcoH 
church. He leaves bis wife Anne the farmhold he occupies, olb^| 
land in Shipley, and two new mills for life, and aft€r her death to ^H 
to his daughter Frances. Should the latter die without heirs, to 3H 
to his brother William, to whom he bequeaths two tenemeutslB 
Great Horton. This daughter aud only child, Frances, afterwardH 
married Thomas Oreen of York, and joined by bcr husband, uo^| 
veyed Shipley to her cousins George, Bobert and Edward Pcil^| 
The manor of Shipley remains to this day iu possession of the djfl 
Bcendants of the latter, being vested in trustees for tbe Countess jH 
Eosse and the Hon, Mrs. Duucombe, daughters of the late JobS 
Wilmer Feild. ^M 

William, the other son of Jobu Feilde, resided at Great HortoJI 
In the year 1500 he bought land there of John de Lacy, lord of* 
Qortou and a descendant of Ilbert de Lacy, one of the most fa- 
vored followers of the Conqueror. By bis will, William Feild 
left to his wife Jennet, half of his houses aud lands in Horton and 
"at the raoorside." while she continued unmarried, "and therein 
shall bring up my yonnger children Frances, Marie, Alice and 
t'bomiis." The rents of his lands iu Bradford town are to go sue* 
cessively to each of these children until their portion is made up. 
He appoints Robert Barcroft and Humphrey Whittaker, his brulhera 
in law, two of his fluperviaors. By post-morlera inquisition held on 
him at Skipton, Sept. 2d, 43d Elizabeth, we are told that he bad 
bouses and lands in Bradford and Great Horton, and that his son 
John was his heir, then aged 50 years and more. His widow Jennet 
was buried in the year 1612 "in the church," as we learn from the 
Bradford Register, and in all probability by the side of ber husband, 
and I would remark here, that only persons of some consideration 
were interred in the sacred edifice, 

Robert Feitti, who was probably one of the elder sons of William 
and Jennet, died in the same year as hia father. He left no children 
and makes bequests to all his brothers, sisters, nephews, nieces and' 
others. His lands at Shipley are left to his brothers George and 
Edward; to brother William his white horse, to brother Thomas his 
bay mare, to sisters Sybill, Mary and Alice, each a charger, He 
leaves his rapier to brother Thomas, and his dagger to brother John, 
and makes various bequests to others. 

George, another of tbe elder eons of William and Jennet Feild, 
who is said to have been born in 1552, resided at Shipley. I learn 
from the post-mortem inquisition held on him at Bradford on the 3d 
of April. 4th of Charles 1, that he left houses aud lands in Sbipley 
and in Heaton, and that bis son George was bis licir aged 25 years 
and mora &t bia /aider's death. ^ 



nn.] Skdeh of the FamUy of Fidd. 109 

Edward or Edmand, another son of William and Jennet Feild, 
■arried Jenet Thornton, a member of the ancient family of Thornton 
of Thornton, in the parish of Bradford. He is described as "of 
Horton," when his son Joseph was baptized, but in the post-mortem 
inquisition held on him at Bradford, on the 23d of August, llth of 
Charles I« he is said to be of Shipley. It appears from tiiis proceed- 
ing' that be left honses and lands in Shipley, in Heaton and in Brad- 
fo^dale, and tenements in Chelton, Rawdon and Yeadon, and that 
his son Joseph was his heir, aged 39 at the time of his father's 
death. 

From this Edward are descended the Feilds of Heaton Hall and 
Shipley, believed to be extinct in the male line, and represented by 
the two daughters of the late John Wilmer Feild, the eldest of 
wliom is married to the Earl of Rosse, and the other to the Hon. 
Capt. Doncombe, M. P. I know nothing of John and Thomas, sons 
of William and Jennet Feild, beyond the facts contained in the pedi- 
gree, except that the former, who was heir to his father, was com- 
plaioed ag^aiust in 1612, in the Duchy court, for enclosing waste 
land in Little Horton, but he proved his right to do so, by grants 
from the Lacys. 

It ^11 be seen by the pedigree, that William Feild, probably 4th 
son of William and Jennet, married in 1591, Susan, daughter of 
John Midgley, of the ancient family of Midgley of Midgley, whose 
arms (sable, two bars gemelles or, on a chief of the second three 
calthorps of the first), were painted, with others of the principal 
families of the vicinity, on the roof of Halifax church. William and 
Sosan Feild were residing at Sowerby,^ in the parish of Halifax, 
when their two eldest children were born, but they subsequently re- 
moved to North Ouram, in the same parish, where he died in 1619. 
Bj bis will he left the lands he occupied to his wife Susan, and lega- 
cies to his daughters Jane, Susan and Isabel, and his sons Joseph 
and Robert, and son-in-law Robert Rawson.^ He commits the ''cus- 
tndie and tuicOn " of Robert Feild, and of their portions to his brother 
Edward Feild, and makes the latter executor. The residue of his 
estate is to be equally divided among George, Jane, Susan, Robert 
and Isabel. 

His widow, Susan Feild. by her will dated 24th Feb., 1622-3, left 
small legacies to her children William, Alice, wife of Robert Raw- 
son of Wrose, and George, and residue equally to Joseph, Robert, 
Jane, wife of John Mitchell, ^ Susan and Isabel. There is a little 
uncertainty as to whom Robert, the youngest son of William and 
Susan Feild, married. I find that on the 24th of November, 1624, 
Robert Feild and Ruth Fairebank of Hipperholme were married at 
Halifax. Hipperholme adjoins North Ouram, and as I know of no 
other Robert Feild then living in that neighborhood, it is reasonable 
to infer that this was the son of William and Susan. They had 

^ ThAre is a place called "Field houBe " in Sowerb/, which majr have been the 
lite ol their dwelling. 

'A member of the family of Rauson of Trystone and Bradford. 

* The Mitchell! were a family of good standing, and their arms " sable, a cheTT^Q 
hftir««n 3 escallopt argent," were painted on the roof of Hali&3( phor^h, 



Sketch of the Family of Field. 



[Aprf 



no 



a son John baptizE^d at Ealifas, Dec. 25lii, IG25, and as no o 
children are recorded, we muy auppoee tliat his mother died t 
after his birth. A^niii I find that Riibert Fcild married at Bradrorl 
on the 18th or May, 1G30. Elizahelh Tayler, and I presume that thH| 
was ihc same Roberl, at the time a widower. Douhtleas tl 
was of the same family aa Lanrence Tayler, who was instituted 
Vicar of Bradford in 1563, and Christopher Tayler instituted Vicar in 
I5G8. The latter was a supervisor of the will of Thomas Fcilde, 
who died in 1572-3 

The Saltonstalls had been seated at an estate called Roolces, in 
Hipperholme, adjoining North Oiirain, since tlio year 1565, when it 
was purchased by Gilbert Saltonstall of Hiilifax. His son Samuel, 
of RookcB, was father of Sir Richard, who with Governor Winthrup 
and others got up the well known expedition to New England in 
1630. Sir Richard Saltonstall and Robert Feild were therefore 
neighboiu'B, and they were also connected by marriage, the first wife 
of the former being Grace, daughter of Robert Koy' of Woodsome, 
" while Rosamond, daughter of William Feild of Newsome, was mar- 
ried to Godfrey Kay. The inhabitants of North Ouram, Sliolf and 
Hipperholme, were under the ministry of Coley chapel, which was 
built by their joint contributions about the year 1500. The curata 
of it for several years prior to Saltonstall's departure, was the Rev. 
Richard Penlon, who is said to have accompanied the former to New 
England, and who settled at Hampstead, Long Island, in 1643 or 
16U. 

Matthew Mitchell, who was a witness to the will of Robert Foild'a 
mother Susan, and doubtless a relative of his brother-in-law, John 
Mitchell, settled at Hampstead the same year as Denton, and is said 
to have been of Winthrop and Saltonstall's company, and to have 
first settled at Watertown. 

There is little doubt therefore that Robert Feild came to New 
England in 1630 in company with his connexions and neighbours 
Saltonstall and Mitchell, and his miniater the Rev. Mr. Denton. 
Hampstead adjuins Flushing and Feild by removiiig to the latter 

Slace, as he did after 1645, was in the immediate neighborhood of 
iitchell and Denton. Perhaps a cine to the whole party coming to 
n-side here may be found in the fact that " Richard Brutnell" of 
BTOdford,"^ was the first Englishman settled in these parts and ob- 
tained in 1643 a grant of much of the land about here. Robert Feild 
probably accompanied the party he arrived with to Watertown in 
Massachusetts, and remained there some years. In a list of the in- 
habitants of Newport, Rhode Island, admitted "since the 20th of 3d 
month, 1638," the date of which was probably that of the next meet- 
ing of the General Court, we find the names of Robert Fidd and 



■TheKayB utf in kncJHiit YorkBliin 
from one of King Arthur'! KiiigliU of I 

iH fRKiil}' iiB thr BnidiiKlli 






a descent 



d atill hold eeUtes in llie Weal Riding of Yorkehlnt. 



Esrii of CudigRD, who tbcD )l«d 



1863.] Sketch of the Family of Field. Ill 

John Hicks, and they are again mentioned in the court roll of free- 
men dated March 16th, 1641, but neither appears in the Newport list 
of ljS55. It is stated by Sec. Tieuhoven (vide Doc. Hist, of New 
Y§rk), that the Mespocht patent, embracing most of the land around 
FlashiDg and Hampstead, was granted to the Rev. Francis Doughty 
*'for himself and his associates, whose agent he was, and who at the 
time were residing at Rhode Island." 

When we take these facts into consideration, and again find the 
oames of Robert Field and John Hicks^ together in the Flushing 
patent of 1645, there can not be much doubt that they were the two 
former residents of Newport. As a further confirmation I would 
mention that when in 1653, the inhabitants of Flushing and neigh- 
boring^ English towns sought assistance from Rhode Island against 
the Dutch, at which time many left their homes, Robert Field and 
•even others were chosen a committee " for matters that concern 
Lon^ Island; and in the case concerning the Dutch" in a General 
Conrt held at Newport on the 17th of August. Capt. John Uuder- 
hill received a commission on this occasion. His son John married 
Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Field, and the intimacy between the 
families probably commenced at this time. 

Besides Robert, we find Wilh'am and John Field in Rhode Island 
at an early date. William signed the letter to the governor of 
Massachusetts relating to Samuel Gorton, dated at Providence 
the ITth of Nov., 1641, and John was one of the six men chosen at 
the same place " for the trial of causes " on the 6th of May, 1650. 
These are the earliest dates I have met with the two names in Rhode 
Island. 1 am inclined to think that this William was the eldest bro- 
ther of Robert Field, and was born in 1591, and that John was the 
■on of the latter, born in 1625. Mitchell's History of Bridetwater 
■peaks of a John Field, who came there from Providence, and had a 
daughter Ruth, born in 1683. If he is the same person as the one 
of the name at Providence in 1650, and my supposition be correct as 
to his parentage, he named this daughter after his mother, Ruth 
Fairebank. There was another Ruth Field of Rhode Island, married 
to John Angell, Jan. 7th, 1660. The Flushing patent to Robert 
Field and his associates, is dated Oct. 10th, 1645. Unfortunately, 
the early records of the town were destroyed by a fire. Robert 
Field and his sons Robert, Jr., and Anthony, signed the petition in 
favor of Wm. Hallett, the scout or sheriff who was banished in 1656, 
and the spirited remonstrance against the persecution of the Qua- 
kers in 1657. He is named in the patent of confirmation of Flush- 
xn^t dated 1665, together with his sons Anthony and Benjamin, and 
probably died between that period and 1675, as his name does not 
appear in the list of residents of Flushing of the last date. His 
ince was at Bayside, and stood close to Long Island Sound. ^ 



^ Coold he have be«*ii of the family of Hickes of Nunnington, and Leeds in the 
W«st Riding of Yorkshire T 

s Family tradition says that wild dacks, while swimming on the water could be 
thot from the hall. He probably removed to Newtown, of which place he was ai^ 
terlj proprietor. 




Sketch of the FamUy of Field. (April 

Robert Field, Jr., removed to the adjoining town of Newtown, pro- 
bably before 1665, aa he is not named in the Fluahing patent of that 
date. He died there id 1701. Benjamin, Gon of Robert Field, senior, 
was appointed etieign by Gov. NicholH, on the asd or April, 1666. 
Eis name aUo occurs iq the Fliisliing patents of 1665 and 16S5, 
and as taking tlie oatli of allegiance to the English goverumeut in 
1673. 

A Charity Field, named In a letler of John Bowno of Flunbing, to 
his wife, dated Amsterdam, June 9th, 1G63, may have been a daugh- 
ter of Robert Field, or the wife of one of liis aims. 

Authony Field, son of Robert, ffmained at Flushing, and died 
between 1685 and 1691, being named in the Flushing patent of the 
former year, while he was ou longer living when his son BcnjamiQ 
married. 

A John Field, named in the Flushing patent of 1685, I suppose to 
have been a sou of Anthony. It will be seen by the tabular pedigree 
that Benjamin, the youngest son of Anthony, married in 1691, Han- 
nah,' daughter of John Bowne. Their 4lh son, Anthony, born in 1698, 
married in 1730, Hannah, daughter of William and Rebecca Burling 
of Flushing, and grauddaughter of Edward and Grace Burling, 
who cams to America from England between 1678 and 1681. An- 
thony Field removed to Harrison's purchase, Westchester county, 
N. Y., where he died in 1773, leaving besides the farm be occupied, 
other lands in the vicinity and also " in Hampshire." 

His son John Field married in 1763, Lydia, daughter of William 
and Phoebe Hazard of Jamestown, Rhode Island. This lady was 
5th in descent from Thomas Hazard, a member of the family^ of that 
name of Lyme Regis, Dorsetshire, who was iu the colony as early hu 
163G. John and Lydia Field resided a few miles northwest of Pur- 
chase in Westchester county. Their sous Josiah, Mosea and Bick- 
8on removed to, and settled in the city of New York in the order 
they are named. 

Moses married Susan Kiltrcdge, daughter of the Hon. Samael Os- 
good of Aiidovcr, Mass., and of New York, First Commissioner of 
the U. S, Treasury. Postmaster General, &c. Mosea Field died in 
1833, in the midst of a career of benevolence rarely surpassed. For 
a notice of the Soup House for the poor, which he established during 
a period of great distress in New York, and supported almost en- 
tirely at his own expense, I would refer the reader to the JVe» 
Yerk /ottrna/ of Cimmerce of March 12th, 1829, and obituaries of him 
will be found in the iVcui York Speclator of Oct. 24th, and the New 
York Anurican of Oct. 25lh, 1833, 

I Tlie rolloBing if in «xlrnct from a iHtttir or this ladj to tier parents, inrorming 
them o! t1>« oOWr of hia hntid inadu bj her rutnre husband. 

" And d«ttr fjilher and mother, I maj also acquaint you Ihat one Benjamin Plaid, 
the 7oung«8t son of my frieod Susannah Field, has tendered Lia love to me. Th« 
qaeitioD lie has indeed propoiied as concerning marria^, tha ulilch, vt yet, I bare 
not at pn-Bent rejected, nor given miich way to, nor do I Intenil to proceed, nor let 
out my affecliona too much towards him, till I have well considered tha thiug aud 
have youn and mj (rienda advice and oonaelil conceraing it." 

■ Kow repreaented by the branches seated in the countj of Fermanagh, Ireland, 
jr^ofa tncnatora west there temp. Cbarlet II. 



1863.] Sketch of the FamUy of Fidd. Ill' 



Appendix. 

Since the foregoing paper was drawu up, I have ascertained that 
John Field of Providence is named in a list of 18 persons desirous 
of inhabiting that town, dated August 20th, 1636 or 1637, and that 
both he and William Field held house lots there in 1638. It is im- 
possible, therefore, that he could have been the son of Robert Feild, 
who mras baptized at Halifax in 1625, as suggested. 

If a daughter of Robert Fcild of Flushing was married to an Un- 
derhill (as is frequently stated), it was to the famous captain, and 
not to his SOD John. The latter married Mary, daughter of Matthew 
and Mary Pryor, in October, 1668. 

From facts which have recently come to my knowledge, I am led 
to suppose that Robert Fcild of Flushing, died there before 1666, 
and that it was his son Robert, who had then dropped the "Junior,^ 
who is named in tlie Flushing patent of this year. Robert tlie 2d, 
was the first of the family who settled at Newtown. He is not 
named in the list of inhabitants of that town in 1666, and is first 
mentioned in the records as selling land there, in October, 1671. 

John Field, named in the Flushing patent of 1685, was probably 
a sou of Robert of Flushing, and a brother, not son of Anthony, as 
supposed. He took the oath of allegiance to the English, in 1673-4, 
and io the latter year received from Gov. Andros a patent for land 
on the Delaware, N. J. He is mentioned in a document, without date, 
" John Fcllde a single man.'' 



Errata. 

P^ge 106, line 29, for Slrcmde read Stroudt, 

~ '^c 107, note, line 3 from bottom, for Ardeston read Ardeslowe. 

;e 108, lines 29 and 30, for i/iere in shall read thertwithall. 

•e 109, note^, for Rauson read Rawsan. 

;e 110, line 36, for afUr read about. 

;e 111, line 5, for MespoclU read Mespacht. 



\ 



In the tabular pedigree. 

At the top, for William Feild of Bradford read William Feld, &c. 

For Jane Ainyas^ wife of John Feild of Ardsley, read Amyas. 

For 1569, the date of birth of John Feild of Uorton, read 1550. 

For 1586, the date of the marriage of Sybil Rode and Thos. Feild, 
lead 1696. 

For George Long Sotham, who married Abigail Feild, read Long- 
'ioiham. 

For Dutchf to whom Anthony Field made oath of allegiance', read 
English. 

For Edmondson, the name of the wife of John Feild of Heaton, 
read Eamondson. 

7* 



112* Skdch of the Family of Field. [April, 

For January Wh, 1*735, the date of death of Bobert Field of New- 
town, read January 28/A. 

For Isaac Merrill, bosband of Susannah Field, in 1699, read Merritt. 

For 24:th July, 1729, the date of the death of Elizabeth, wife of 
John Field, read 2iih June, 1769. 

For Isabella Helena Salter, 2d wife of John Wilmer Feild, read 
Salter. 

For E. T. Whittell, who married Mary Ann Fcild, in 1802, read 
WhUtall 

For March 11th, 1808, the date of the death of Pbcdbe Fowler, read 
1862. 

For Elizabeth, wife of Hickson W. Field 2d, read Mary Elizabeth, 
Hazard Field married 1st, Fannie Wright, by whom he had but one 
son, Wright Field. Mary Bailey was his 2d wife. 

0. F. 



1 



\ 



c 



\ 



orthi 



TbomttB Felde, 
□atiied ia the 
will of Ilia bro- 
ll.er Bietard. 



4, d. of John 



The Vahalh of Mk England. 



THE VASSALLS OF NEW ENGLAND. 
(CominiiiilcBted bj Edwabr Bodhledii Huibib, Esq., of Ckmbridgo,] 
[CoQlioiied rrom page Gl,] 
(12.) 19. Lestis VA33ALL, bom in West Indiea, Aug. 10, 1709; H. 
C. 1728; married Dorothy Macqueen of Boston, Sept. 6, 1739; he 
died at Braiatree, Mass., Sept. 15, 1743; slie died Aug. 10, 1746, 
nged 28 years 9 montha. Tliey were both buried in the Episcopal 
graveyard at Braintree, where Btooea to their memory are yet stand 
ing. He early settled at Braintree, and purchased, Aug. 17, 1742, of 
Tbomae Hubbard, 21 acres there, with house and barn, the quitclaim 
being signed Jnly 97, 1749, when Iho estate waa conveyed to Jamea 
Virchild of Island of St. Christophers. Feb. 26, 1742. he purchased 
of Benjamin Stedman, for £3000 old tenor, 10 acres, with house and 
barn, together with two separate lota of 43 acres, all of which was 
aecored by mortgage; the 'quit-claim was signed July 27, 1749, when 
the property was included in that purchased by James Virchild, for 
£4400 old tenor. He was church warden at the time of his death, 
having been elected on Easter Monday, 1743 His will, i-egistored 
St the Suffolk Probate, was made Sept. 4, 1743. To his daaghter 
Anna he bequeathed £3000, to his wife £300 yearly, and the residue 
of his estates to his son Lewis. He also provided in his will for the 
laat payroeut of the purchase money on the Hubbard estate, and be- 
qaeathed ihie, likewise, to his son. Richard Bill and Jacob Holyoake 
of Boston, and Ai> cousin John Gale of Jam. were appointed execut- 
OTB. Children were: 34, Anna, b. July 13. 1740: 35, Lewis, b. Sept. 
16, 1741: 36, EUzabetk, b. Nov. 11, 1742; bap. at Bridge water, Nov. 
33, 1742, aud d, young. 

(13.) 21. RcTH Vasball, born iu West Indies, Aug. 17, 1712; mar- 
ried Benj. Stedraau of Mtltoii, Mass., a physician, June 6, 1734; he 
di«d previous to Nov. 26, 1751 ; she died a widow at Braintree, Nov, 
10, 1770, and was buriod Nov. 14. Elisha Niles was appointed ad- 
ministrator of his estate, November, 1751; the inventories returned 
March 16 and Oct. 26, 1753, appraised his property at £329:13:7; 
dtviBJon in thirds was made March 29, 1754. Her name occurs in 
the list of communicants of Christ church (Episcopal), Braintree, in 
1T64, where all her children were baptized. Children were: Ltonard, 
b. March 25, 1735; May 19, 1758, was assigned the veal estate of his 
father in Milton, by judge of probate; Jan. 14, 1760, appointed Wm. 
Tasaall attorney for the conveyance of the same; he d. abroad prior 
to June 97, 1761, styled "painter and stainer, formerly of Boston, 
late of Jamaica;" JoAit, b. July 21, 1736; Oct. 2, 1753, was " out of 
the Province;" was alive July 29, 1757, and d, previous to May 19, 
1758: Ruth, b. March 21, 1737; m. Jonathan Mills at Braintree, May 
7; 1754. and May 19, 1758, was the wife of Benj. Cleverly, Jr., of B.: 
Be*}amn, b. Oct, 18, 1739; June 26, 1761, was appointed administra- 
tor of his brother Leonard's estate, then styled "mariner" of Boston; 



114 7%e Vassalls of JVevi En^and. [April " 

Sani/i. l.iip. Aiit;. IS, 1742; d. before Oct. 2, 1753: Mnry. bap. Oct. , 
13. 1745; d. beforo Oct. 2, 1753. 

(13.) 22. John Vassau, (colonel), born in West Indiea, Sept. 7, j 
1713; H. C. 1732; was twice married; 1, to Elizabeth, daughter of ] 
Lt. Got. Spencer Phipa. at Boston. Oct. 10, 1734. by wboin he bad 
three children; ehe died Sept. 22, 1739, aged 33, aud was buried at 
Cambridge, Sept. 25; 2, to Lucy, ouly daughter of Jonathan Barrao 
of Chelmsford, by whom he had one daughter; he died at Cambridge, 
Nov. 31, 1141, and was buried* Dec. 2. His widow survived bim, 
married Benjamin EJIery, Nov. 22, 1149, and died Oct. 19, 1153. 
Nov. 11, 1734, he with bis wife conveyed to Epbraira HutcliinBOD, 
one-third of an estate near Milk street, Boston, bounded N. on Win- 
slow and Phips, S. on Palmer, B. on Daniel Oliver. July 26, 1136, 
he purchased of Mercy Frizell, widow of Boston, for £1000, 1 acres 
in Cambndge, with bouso, bttrn, etc., bounded N. E. on Samuel Boll 
and Watertown road (Brattle street), N. W. on Patten, S. B. on Bull 
and " highway to the brick wbarf " (Ash street). In this deed ho is 
colled ■' of Watertown." Rev, L. R. Paige saya that he erected the 
house now standing upon the cslato and occupied by Samnel Batch- 
elder, Esq. This property he sold Dec. 30, 1141, to his brother 
Henry, for £9050 old tenor, with all the furniture, "a chariot," "four 
wheel chaise," and four horses, together with 30 acres now in 
Brighton, bonuded N. on Charles river, and E. on "King's highway, 
leadiug from Cambridge to Boston," which ho purchased Nov. 12, 
1136, of JohnHovey, clerk of York. Nov. 22, 1736, he bought of 
Joshua Damage, yeomau. for J£I20. three-fourths of an acre, in 
Cambridge, with house and barn, bounded S, "on the common," 
W. on Rev. Thomas Fojccroft. July 13, 1131. he purchased of Re- 
becca Patten, widow, for £100, ij acres adjoining his estate on 
the Watertown road, a part of which he gave his brother 
Henry, Dec. 5, 1746. Ang. 15, 1741. he purchased of Moses Peuni- 
man of Braintree, cordwainer, for £1000, lands in Poterboro,' and 
200 acres in Townacnd and Lnnonburg, which last ho sold in March, 
1143, to John Thomas of Braintree, and in November. J142, pur- 
chased of him, other lands in Peterboro' for £650. Nov. 21, lUI, 
he bought of Ebenezer Wyeth, the "Samuel Bull estate" in Cam- 
bridge, for £260, coneiating of half an acre with house, adjacent 
to his brother Henry's estate, and which he sold to him March 31, 



• Probibly in llm tomb wliioli behndiinaUdiu thegnvuynrd there. Thttmonu- 
nant ovar it Is ■ musive rniu Btune slab ruslliig upou St^ caliimna ; it bwra no in- 
Horliiti'iii, only the her»l<tio enilili-iiie of the fBinil^— tbe vase sod bud— and (ormR 
ODD o[ DiifDiOHl i^niiapli^iiniiBrentiiriiiiin the iwmet^r/. It pusvilwitb the estate in In 
thabkndfl of Aiidr«« Cntlglo, K«q, and is now owned bjbisbelrs. Ai\ exiiuici>tion 
wumdo Juno M. 1802, Twenty-Svs iiitennsntahavebeeu nindefntha vnnll, utid 
In kliniiiit MVary cun tha uolHii wu fonnd to bo HUtire. Those whiuli frum their 
pulltloii *l thv [urtliktat miJ of Ihti rault warn Knpjmsnd to ooutaiu the reiualcs of 
Cul. TumU uid bill flnl v/ih, worn In Uu« pri'd'Tvikliou. Upon these two were 
plMwl tlirmmiiAUaofflnii, nua inu-kmloT. A. B. 1T67," Hnd knolber "B. T." The 
Ihlnl WM In ruin*, lliatdu* tbrcn, lbs lomb li known lu oonMln the remuut of 
Jobu Ku>li>r, illod No*. I, lH»a, MKi-d &2i Andrew Koaler. M. D., died Me/ 17, 1S31, 
luvil Mi| ThoiuKB VotUr. M, D,, diud Kubruarr. ISill, util 46; Junes and Geoife 
Funlxr. dt>d IMIT) KhnUlh C. Huven, dlod Fob. 10, ib-2.6; Hre. Lydia B. Haven, 
dt»d UaH, And Andnw Cral|[lp. Kaq. 



1S63.] The Voisailt of Aew England. 

I"4t, for £700 old tenor. Jan. 17, 1746, he purcLased of Amos 
Marrett 6j acres on north side of Watortown road in Cambridge, and 
Oct. 8, 174fi, 60 acres on the opposite aide of the road, a portion of it 
being in Watertowu. Od this estate he erected a house and there 
li»ed nntii his death. His will, registered at Middlesex, was made 
Nov. 26, 1747. To bis wife he gave £200 per annnm, for her life; 
to each of his daughters, Kuth, Elizabeth and Lncy. JEIOOO; to his 
Biat«r, Elizabeth Miller, £20 per annum. The residue of his property 
lie left to Ilia eon John, pvoviJiiig for tlie payment of the above sums 
ont of tbe rents of his Jamaica estates. In a codicil, dated Nov. 27, 
be left his brothers-in-law, Ruggles and Prescott, £100 each. Re- 
lioqaishment of her third of estate was signed by bis widow Nov, 
13, 1749. In the inventory, bis N. E, property was appraised at 
£8050:5 old tenor. It included 6 acres with "dwelling house, wood 
housti and little honsc thereon," and 60 acres opposite, lying in Cam- 
bridge, and valued at £3800; a. "landaret, so called," £400; six 
horses £411, and two negro meu " Sicros and Sezer," £500. Men- 
tion is also made of lands in I'eterboro' and in Hampshire county, of 
v&lac unknown to tbe appraisers. Col. VasBall was representative 
from Cambridge to the legislature in 1740 and '47, and details of two 
petty law suits in which be was involved at tlio time, are on record. 
Children* were: 37, Ruth, b. July 14, 1737; 38, John, b, June 12, 
nSS; 39, Elizabeth, b. Sept. 12, 1739: and by bis second wife— 40, 
L<tey, b. Nov, 15, 1747. 

(12,) 23, WiUJAU Vassall, born inWest IndicB, Nov. 23, 1715; H. 
C. 1733; was twice married; 1, to Ann Davis, by whom be hail eleven 
children; she died Jan. 26, 1760, aged 40, and was buried at Bos- 
ton, Jan. 28; 2, to Margaretf Hubbard; he died at Battersea Rise, 
Surrey, Eng., May 8, 1800, aged 85; he was temporarily a resident 
of Jamaica in 1747, '48, and afterwards resided at Cambridge, for 
a short lime, occupying the house now owned by the widow of the 
late Or. licnjamin Waterhouse; he was afterwards the possessor of a 
magnificent estate near Briattii, R. I. Although styled "of Boston," 
h« was not. we believe, the owner of any rca! estate there until 1758, 
when by a deed, dated Sept. 11, bft purchased for £1250 the Cooper 
estate on Pemberton bill; it comprised within its limits the tract 

*lnMmnch as the baplJHniB of thi* elder children be well aa tlie Bocoiid marriige 
of Col VmskU ue no! recorded in Hoaton or Tioiiijly Church Reoorili, it would \aiA 
lo tifl BUIiportitiun that tliere taight liaru baeu k Ciinplain of the English Cljurcb 
•tbwlivd ftl thiit period tn tbe family of Eoine one of the wealthy ohurnliiavii of C^m- 
faHd«*. The aharcL ihan WW not eaCkbiinhed uutil 1760. Tlie wHt«r U titreiigtfa- 
«n*d In hii npinioii from the f*ct that Kveral of thu marrlogsH luid baptiams that 
nwit bftr« lakan place obont the year 17411 are uowhere recorded; nor diiea ths 
axiiUiioe of aach a chnplaiii geem im pro liable, as Iherv were rburuliaien uuough ia 
Ounbridsf residing upou what Is now called Brattle Etreet, to gire the street a nnme 
bj which it was long known ainotig the diBseuting part of the populaoe — that of 
" Chnrah Row." 

tTliB writ«r hss been nniible lo And reoorda of I'ither of these maniigoa, nor 
were the linnni puhliabed in Boston although It wnn liiR place of teaideuoe. For 
Iks teiily nomea of hia wires, na well fis for ttw dates of births of moat of his 
cblldrtin, hfl is indam-d lo the Bb». William Vassatl of Unrdiuglon, and to bis 
lB«iht>rS<>ln;rtL. <i. VosaallKtoViOf Bristol, Eng. (the oldest living mnleduscendanli 
of WlUiam V. of Boston), whose valued asaiatance and most kindly interest in tills 
S^ric, be takes thU opportunity to acknowledge. 



p 



116 7%e Vassalls of JVeto Ei^lmd. [April 

known aa " Valley Achor." and had a frontage on Tremont street of 
163 feet. At tbe date of llie purchase he was occupying the dwell- 
ing house upon the estate. March 16, 1774, he purchased of Joseph 
Ruggles for £300, a house and land in Boston, on Queen street, near 
the aite of " Scoltay'd Buildings." The Cooper estate, where he lived 
until the Revolution, he conveyed through Dr. James Lloyd to Leonard 
T. Borland, for the Biira of £4000, the deed aigued March 23. IIST, 
who Bold it April 17, 1790, to Patrick Jeffrey, then the occnpant of 
the premises. The Queen street property was conveyed tbroagb 
Lloyd to Jeffrey, Oct. 16, 1791, for £160. 

William Vassall was one of the most prominent of his name ia | 
this country. He was high sheriff for Middlesex, aaya the historian I 
of Qnincy,* and was appointed mandamus counsellor in 1774. He ■ 
was for many years connected with King's chapel, Boston, and in 
1785, protested by proxy against the change in the liturgy and the 
unauthorized ordination of James Freeman. The elder Adams speaks 
of him in his writings in the warmest praise, and mentions as bis 
only fault, his excessive garrulity. This failing seems to have led 
him into trouble on one occasion. The details of the caae of Fletcher 
V. Vassall, for slander and defamation of character, were printed at 
the lime and circulated to some exf«nt. A prominent man among 
the loyalists in Boston, he was early singled out as an enemy to tbo 
popular cause, and was obliged to flee with his family to England. 
He was banished by the legislature in 1778, and never returned. Hia 
Bristol estate was confiscated by the government, we believe.']' Ia 
March, 1787, he styled himself " of Battersea Rise," and in Oct. 1791, 
"of Chapbam Corner." Nothwitbstanding his early predelictiOD to 
gaming as implied in his father's will, he wrought out for biniself 
an honorable and unblemished reputation, and church and society 
lost in him an eager, zealous advocate, an upright Christian, And ft 
generous, loving friend. Children were: 41, Sarah, b, June 17, 17S0: 
42, son stillborn Feb. 3, 1741: 43, WiUiam. b, Jan. 12, 1743; d. June 
15, 1743; bur. June 16: 44, Wiaiavi, b. March 3, 1744; d. Nov. 8, 
1744: 45. WiUiam. b. March 2. 1747; bap. atBraintree. March 6; d. 
March 15; bur. March 16, 1747: .46, Fanny, b. Aug. 2, 1748; bap. 
at Boaton, Sept. 6. 1748; d. Feb. 24, 1751; bur. Feb. 27: 47, Luer^ta 
Franca: and 48. Faimy, twins, b. Sept. 24, 1751; bap. Sept. 28, 1761: 
49, Wmiam, b. Jan. 31, 1753: 50, Henry, b. March 33, 1755: 61, 
Catherine, b. Aug. 4, 1757; bap. Aug. 12, 1757, and d. unra. in Eng- 
land: by his second wife — 52, Margartl, b. March 31, 1761; d. unm. 
in England: 53, ^nn, b. April 14, 1763; d. unm. in England, Dec. 20, 
1850: and 54, Charlottt, twins, d, unm. in England: 56, Leonard, b. 
March 28, 1764: 66. NhthatMl, b. June 18, 1768. 

(12.) 24. Elizabeth Vassall, born in West Indies, July 16, 1717; 

• Whitnej, p. 61. 

t la a Blietcli or tbe !itmi}j prepared by Lorsnio Sabine, Esq., for insertion In tha 
fortlicoming edition of the Loyatiitt, tbe mRDusoript of which be very kinHlj 
placed Id the author's bsDils for uie, it U «Uted thnc " tlie confiaatiou of his {Wm. 
V.'b) estatu gave rieu to > eingiilar snit. As the Federsl Constitution najs adopted 

Itate could be sued, and at hia insUuce, Musachuaelta, in tbe pntaon of llniicouk 
her Cblsf MaglBtratf, wu summoned to the bar of the Saprame Coort of the Doited 




7%« Vassalh of JVm England. 



117 

i John Miller of Mitton, Mass., Aq^. 21, 1738; ho was, perhaps, 
■Brwd at Milton, Aug. 17, 1765, aged 41; she died a widuw, Feb. 11, 
ma. They, in conimon with most of her family, were Episcopa- 
liana, and were connected with Christ church, Quincy, by the rector 
of which, the Rev. Dr. Miller, all of their children were baptized. 
Children were: Leaii, b. July 81, 1739: Rtbfoa, b. April 12, 1741; 
m. Giles Church of Bridgewater, Nov. 3, 1760: Join, bap. Maj 23, 
1T42: Letmard, b. Dec. 10, 1743, and m. Celia Wadsworth of KiTling- 
ly. Conn, (f): Henry, b. Jan. 25, 1745: Susanva., bap. June 5, 1748: 
Ehxabeth and Mary, twins, b. June 5 aud 6, 1750: Penelope, bap. be- 
tveeo July 12 and Aug. 28, 1752. 

(12.) 27. Henry Vahhall (colonel), born in West Indies, Dec. 25, 
1721; married Penelope, daughter of Isaac* Royall, Jan. 28, 1742; 
be died in Cambridge, March 17, 1769, and was buried in his vault 
beneath Christ church in that city;f she died in Boston, Nov. 19, 
1600, aged 76. Dec. 30, 1741, he purchased of bis brother John, the 
«8tate of 7 acres, with hoose, etc., on the Watertown road in Cam- 
bridge, together with 30 acres of pasture land on the south bank of 
Charles river, for his bond to the amount of £9050. In this deed he 

'The Hon. !«UB Bo^ftll of Antigaa, bom 1672, liied lii Ch&rlFStown, Mass., June 

7, 1739, aged 67 ; mKrried Elixabvth , aud had IssBU.Sborn 1719, died k rafugee 

In EogUnd (in 1781T). Ha wis the Bon of William of North Yiwmoutli, Province 
of Uain, who died Nov. 7, 1724, aged 84. Isaac Itoyall nasforCf years a resident 
of Antigua, and returned lo New England July 27, 1737. — Hiit. aid Qtn. Rtg., 
vol. V. 

tThe tomb of Henry Vusalt is the only one beneath the chnrcli. It is a gnull, 
Mok arched »tructare, sunk below the level of Iho otillar floor, the entranoo to 
Which U by a flight of stone steps at the west end. Their position is marked by a 
Bat atone, lately erected, bearing the name of " Henry Vossill." The last Inter- 
OMDi took place Oct. 15, 1861, Ihe one buniiredth anuiveraary of the dedication of 
the eharcb, and was of (he body of Darby, an old colored servant whose father, 
Antbony, had bsen Col. John Vaasall's coachman. " Tony," aa he was famiiiarly 
called, lived to a great age, and ll still remembered by n few of Ibe oldest reatiletiCs 
of Cambridge. He was brought from Jamuca when a boy by some member of the 
Buoily, and remained in their service until the RB*olotion. Diirhy, one of several 
children, married Luoy Holland, April 4, 1602, and died Oot. 12, IBdl, at the 
adranoed age of 92 years. At the time of his burial the vault contained nine 
eofiaR. The opper one of a row of three an the north i^ide contained as indicated 
fay the plate, the remains of Catharine QravesRnssell, died Sept. 5, 1847. The one 
below it, somewhat decayed, contained the remainsof a woman, supposed lo be the 
wife of Col. v., died in 1800. The lower ooISn held the remains of a man, donbt- 
Ins Col. Vassall, its appearance and position seeming to indicate its priority in the 
TKllt On the south side were the ooffina of foar young children and two odnlts. 
Of the tout, all were considerably broken and decayed. Scarcely any remaina were 
paroelvabie— merely a few deloclied bones. The largest might have been that of a 
diild two yeait old, and was in the best preservation. The ono that seemed to be 
Um oldest was marked with nail heads " E. K., BORN & DIED JAN. 27, 1770 " 
(ud wa notice here that two small coffins found in the John Vassall tomb were 
marked In the Hme manner, "T. A. B., 1767," and "G. V." on infant dang hter of 
John v., who died, 1768, all three within a short interval, and the only ones of 
•dT*ooeda({a retaining any semblance to inscrlptioni). In this coffin were noticed 
ft iraaiber of cherry stones, the kernels eaten out by some mouse which hod oar- 
iM Uwm thither, secore of a wte retreat. The upper of the two large oofflos on 
wlkiab theie small ones rested, anntuined the bones of a man over forly-flva years of 
tgt. The lower limbs were covered thick with hay, seeming lo indicate tronsport- 
•OoB, Ko clue was obtained to the person of llie occupant. The retnolna in the 
low«r ooffiD weru supposed (o b« thoM of Mrs. Russell, wife of Dr. Charlau B., died 



118 The VassalU of Mw England. fApri! 

is styled " Planter , . . late of Jamaica, but now oF Boston." March 
31, 1747, lie bought of liia brother for ^700 old teuor, the Samuel 
Bull estate, adjoining his own, and forming together with that and 
1 acre upon the westerly side given him by his brother, the noble 
grounds now owned by Samuel Batchelder, Esq., on the corner of 
Brattle and Ash atreota. Dec. 11, 1748, he mortgaged to Jas. Pitts, 
merchant of Boston, for jE779:12:6, all the above estates. Dec. 17, 
1748, he signed an indenture with Isaac Royal of Cbartestown, re- 
lating to the joint posseitsion of certain negroes, cattle &c., which 
they had placed upon plantations in Fopeshead, Antigua. How long 
he retained this last named property we have no means of knowing, 
though it would seem probable that it remained to his family after 
his death. Oct 21, 1765, he sold to Ebenezer Bradish, gluzier, for 
£506, the Brighton property of 30 acres, uuw owned by Mr. Emery 
WiUard. Sept. 30, 1767, he mortgaged hie Cambridge estalu to 
Michael TroUet for £225; the deed was purchased by his widow, 
Nov. 10, 1770, for £266:13:4. Feb. 20, 176^, he gave a secund 
mortgage on the estate to Dr. Russell, his son-in-law, for £964:7:4. 
the bond bearing date Dec. 10, 1764. The estates, we believe, 
CTentuully passed into the hands of Mrs. Russell. He died intestate, 
and his widow and Dr. Russell were appointed administrators. She 
was posseesed, in her own right, of considerable property by will of 
hor mother, dated April 4, 1747. After her husband's death, she 
went with her daughter to Antigua, but returned after the decease 
of Dr. Russell. By a deed of gift, signed July 15, 1782, she received 
from her cousin, Joseph Koyall of London, a refugee, his real estate 
of 30 acres in Dorchester and Milton. Portions of this she sold at 
various times to Ezra and Stephen Badlam and Desire Tolman. Ad- 
ministration on her estate was granted Oct, 26, 1807, to her grand* 
children. 

Col. Vassall was one of the earliest benefactors of Christ church, 
and his name headed the petition to the London Society for Propagating 
the Gospel in Foreign Parts, for aid in its erection. He was chosen on 
the building committee in Boston, Sept. 29, 1759, and was, until his 
death, a faithful adherent to its communion.* A deed upon record 
in Middlesex, dated Nov. 20, 1761, deserves notice in this connection. 
It is the conveyance of his pew in the "meeting-house" at Cam- 
bridge, to the President and Overseers of the College, for the sum of 
£20, seeming to indicate that prior to the erection of the church, he 
attended the only place of worship in the neighborhood, though he 
ever preserved his alliance to the mother church. Children were: 
67, £:Uzahith, b. 1742; 58, Ptnel,^, d. at the ngi' of 2 years. 

• Cliriat church, eroctpti in 1T61, »llhoiigh now soraBiehit Pntnrgwd, prwierTca much 
of tta orlgiokl ftjipesraiiue. The designa wm prepared b; Hnrrlsoii or Newport, 
K. I., trehiteot o[ Kin^'i uliuiwl, Bosinu, Hud ihu nlitice liHS nlways bwn regard<>d 
la " ti model of ftroliilectunl Hjrmfudrj nod bu&iit7." Wilhiii a fewj'ean it has 
been thoronghlj rejiain^d, aud a clilme of thirlptsu IwIIb plnued in its towEr. The 
IntuHor of the church, with ill ■emi-cirmlM' ohBncel lighted by no elaborate alnlned 
i;lnu w<ndoir, and Its r»»« orionioaciluttiB svpKrating uaTufrom aialen, isaingnlarl; 
plvBsing to thu bvLolder, It is to t>s hopM that befurr iinutlii'r yuiw Attyuva, in 
tine honored walls luaji be foKhcr enricbud lij (onie titling mnnamnnt to tbs 
memor; of tlioie who labon*d sn khII and no saccvBafullj' («r ttidr ureotiou, and 
•rhoee iiamrs are rapidlj bdlug from the memory of those who aro now icBptog Ibe 
twiuAt (it their toils. 



The Vasmlls of JVm England. 

(IS.) 28. Mart Vassaix, born June 25, 1T23; bap. in BoBton, July 
84, i;23; married Jonatliau Prescott of Boston, March 10, 1147. It 
is probable that ihey weie not residente of Boston, tbough attend- 
anta at Kin^s chapel, in that city.* Children wore: Jonathan, bap. 
Uarch 20, 1748: William, bap. June 17, 1750; bur. Nov. 4, 1751, aged 
17 months: Wmiam, bap. Nov. 24, 1761; bur. Feb. 3, 1762, aged 2 
montlis. 

(12.) 29. ScsANNA Vabsall, born Nov. 20, 1725; married Oapt. Geo. 
Buffglee of Jamaica, the banns being publialicd in Boston, Dec. 24, 
1743, Soon after bia marriage he purchased an estate in Cambridge, 
which he occupied until June 17, 1772, when Gilbert Harrison and 
John Barnard of London conveyed the property to John Yussall, 
Thomas Oliver and John Foxcroft of Cambridge, for £1350, it having 
be«n attached in Boston, August, 1771. At that time it consiHted of 
45 acres with house thereon, bounded W. on Thatcher, N. on road to 
Fresh Pond, E. ou Joseph Lee, S. ou road to Watertowu, and S, W. 
on a private way to Thatcher's estate; 7 acres of meadow bounded 
W, on "a way by Fresh Pond," N. W. on " J'^reah Pond brook," N. 
and N. W. on Abraham Watson, and S. on William Brattle; 3 acres 
of Saltmarsh bounded S. E. on Charles river, S. W. on Thomas Oliver, 
N. W. ou Thatcher and the highway, and N. E. on Scth Hastings; 
and 1} acres of orchard bounded N. E. ou a private way, E. on 
Watertown road, and S. and W. on Oliver. It was reconveyed to 
trim by the purchasers, Sept. 10, 1774. for £100, and Oct. 31, he sold 
it to Thomas Payerweatber for £2000. The tnanslou and adjoioing 
groondfl were purchased afterwards by the late Mr. William Wells, 
and is still owned and occupied by his family. At the time of the 
Revolution, Roggles disappeared, aud is supposed to have followed 
the army to Halifax. Children were: Gtorge, bur Oct. 27, 1747, aged 
17 months; Susaniia, bap. an infant July 26, 1747; m. Ezekiel Lewis, 
merchant of Boston, and resident with his father-in-law at Cambridge: 
be died in or before 1779.t 

(IS.) 31. Anna Vabsaix, born April 29, 1735, was twice married: 
1, to John, son of Francis and Jane Borland of Boston, Feb. 20, 
1749-50, by whom she had twelvechildren; he diedJune 5, 1775, aged 46, 
ftud WH1 buried June 7, in the family toiul> in the Urauary grounds, 
Boston;! a. to Williiim Kuight of PortsmcHitb, N. H., April 27, 1784. 

a Th» *rco[npaii,viiig la all the inConnUion we IiBva bean abli> to gather oonoeni- 
Ing thin hniBcli. TLerti ia a poasibilitj tliat by ea,rlf ramuvlng from UOBlon tlmy 
iBMptid, If tliv; indeed wetu living wl that timo, Ihu iutu of no uiaay of Iheir fftuiljt 
•t the peilud uf the KhvoIuIjod, and tbeir descendauta may even now be in oar 

fSeo Jtmir. Quart. Rfg., iiv, p. 167. 

1 Th» eliib over Ibe vsult is iiiacrilivd a* follows ; " Here Uf s the Rynmlns o( John 
Borland, Eugr,, vb» Dupnrted tbiE Lifp Ibe ^Olb of March, 1727, in the €Tlh Year of 
hk Aee- Mio Mn. t^orah Borland, thi- vlte uf Johu Borland, Bsqr., who Departed IMa 
life In September, 1T27, in the esth Year of hcc Ag«. Hra. Jans Borland the wife 
«I FnuKM Borland, Beqr., nlto Dupnrtod tbis Life the 22d of Jnne, 1749, Aged 42 
Thi*. Franoua Burlaud, Bsqr., who Departed this Life Sept. 16, 17<i3, id the 7£d 
Xau ot bia Age. Mrs Phoebo Borland, nifu of Frances Borland, Enq,, who departed 
tUt life 3d April A. D,, 1775, Ui the 8Dlli Year of ber Age. John Borland, Esqt., 
*b>d*parl«d thiii life ath June A. D„ 1775, in the 47tb Year of bia Age. Sarab 
Uoyil Borland who departed this life 29 tb September A. D., 178G,aged3 Uoutbs." 



^ 



120 The VtmalU of Aew England. [April 1 

She died a widow at Boaton, June 20, 1823, and was buried June 21, 
in the Borland tomb iu the (jranary grounds. The property inherited 
from ber father was invested in real estate in Boston. Her husband, 
John Borlftod, owned and occupied the beautiful mansion house 
erected in Cambridge by the Rev, East Apthorp, D. D.,* the first 
rector of Christ church, and which passed into the hands of hia son- 
in law, Jonathan Simpson, Esq. It is now occupied by Dr. S. Plymp- 
ton and Mrs. E. B. Manning, and with the exception of a third story 
subsequently added, retains much of its original appearance. Hia 
death was caused from injuries received by a mis-step in descending 
stairs, after his removal to Boston. Children were: Phabe, b. Oct, 

27, 1151; m. George Spooner of Boston, and bad issue; John LindaU, 
b, Aug. 18, 1763; H. C. 1112; espoused the royal cause in the Revo- 
lution, entered the nimy, and d. in England, Nov. 16, 1825, bearing 
the rank of lieutenant colonel: Francis, h. April 11, 1156; B.C. 1774; 
m. Hannah, dan, of Col. Jerathmel Bowers of Swansey, in 1788; 
practiced as physician at Portsmouth, N. H., a few years; removed 
to Somerset) Mass., and d. 1826, leaving male issue: Jam, b. Oct. 26, 
1757; m. Jonathan Simpson, and had iseite: Leonard Vassall, b. Joly 
1, 1759; ra. Sarah dan. of Dr. James Lloyd, Feb. 8, 1785; d. on board 
ship John Jay, from Batavia, June, 1801, and had issue — his widow 
d. at Boston, March 27, 1836, aged 73: James, b. May 26, 1761; en- 
tered H. C. but did not graduate, and d. unm. soon after 1783: Wil- 
liam, bap. March 23, 1764, d. young; Samtitl, b, Dec. 22, 1765; H. C. 
1786, Ri. at the iaiand of Dcmarara, d. at Hudson, N. Y., and bad 
issue: Anna, d. young: Elisabtlh Poole, d. young; Thomas Alleyne, b. 
March 1, 1767; d. Sept. 29, 1767, and was bur. in the Vassall tomb at 
Cambridge: Sarah, d. young. 

(13.) 32. EuKABETR Vabsall, married Maj. Gen. (the Hon.) John 
Barrington, and had issoe: William, Riekard and George, The latter 
was b. July 16, 1761, and was the Rt. Hon. and Rev. George B., fifth 
Viscount Barrington of Ardeglass, co. Down, and Baron Barringtoa 
of Newcastle, co. Dublin; M, A. Prebendary of Durham and Rector 
of SedgSeld in that bishopric: be d. at Rome, March 5, 1829, a. 6S. 

(13.) 33. Richard Vassall, died in Golden Square, Loudon, Feb. 

28, 1795, aged 63; his widow married Sir Gilbert Affleck, Bart, of 
Dnibam Hall, Snfi'olk, at St. George's, Hanover Square, London, July 
18, 1796. Only child was: 59, Elixahtth. 

(19.) 34. Anna Vassall. born at Braintree, Mass., July 13, 1740; 
bap. Aug. 1, 1742. Richard Bill of Bostou was appointed guardiau 
Nov 20, 1751, and Henry Vassall, Oct, 28, 1757. She perhaps left 
the country with her brother. 

(19.) 35. Lewis Vassall, born at Braintree, Sept. 16, 1741; bap. 
'. 1, 1742; H. C, 1760; he is supposed to have left the coontry 

* For % blgbl? inlcreating iketoh of Dr. Apthorp's life, aa well u of Iha 
the ohiirch OTsr which lie ministered at Cuolirlilge, we refer lbs render lo the Mr- 
mon pre&ched by the pmaimt rector. Dr. Nicbolsti Hoppiii, at tba re-openEng of the 
edlBce, Not. 22, IES7. Tbu hiatorical ooUce of the dioroh publiiibed In coanootion 
therewith \a fall of interest, and hag been compiled with much cnre and fidelity. 
The infarmation contained in it has been freely used in Ih? pruseculion of this 
work and, together wltii the manuKript records of tlie oburch, kiudlv placed M 
the writer's 3«rTloe b; Dr. Hoppiu, have fonoed invalaablti aida in nuuy cases. 



1863.] The Vassalb of Mw England. 

Boon afterwards, perhaps for the West Indies, where hia estatcB 
were sitnated; he is asterized aa dead in tlje H. C. Cat,, as early as 
1185. 

(22.) 3T. Ruth Vassail, born at Cambridge, Mass., July 14, 1737; 
married Edward* Davis, May 20, 1T56; slie died at Boston, Jan. 23, 
1774, and was buried in Wm. Vaseall's tomb under King's chapel, 
bat was afterwards removed to the Davis tomb, in the Chapel 
grounds-, he died April 16, 1811, and was buried April 20. After 
Her father's death, she was boarded with one Mrs. Sarah Gerrish of 
Cambridge, until 1753; an item in the account of her guardian, Hon. 
Spencer Phips, is- the amount of £9, paid Dec. 8, 1751, to Sarah 
Gierrish, Jr., " for instructing the said Ruth to play upon the spin- 
net." By a deed of gift signed Oct. 99, 1765, her brother John con- 
veyed to her through Thomas Oliver, as her trustee, a brick house 
on King street (State street), purchased of Joshua Winslow and 
othere, Nov. 27, 1759. It was bounded N. 26 feet on King street, 
S. 130 feet on Lemuel Gowen, S. 27 feet on an alley leading into 
Leverett's lane (Congress street), W. 120 feet on Francis Holmes. 
At ber death the property was to revert to her husband; and then to 
their joint heirs. At his death the court adjudged the property to 
Jabn, tbe only surviving sou, by whom it was conveyed to the Tre- 
BOBt Bank Corpocation. The estate of Edward Davis, at his death, 
«kC appraised at $15,777.25. Children were: Edward, b. Feb. 26, 
1T61, d. at Boston, Oct. 1, 1757: Elizabeth, b. Oct. 11. 1758, d. unm. 
in Augusta, Me., 1817-18; ehe waa tbe "Miss Davis" mentioned in 
Onrwen's Letters as being in England with Ool. John Yassall: Han- 
wA, b. Dec. 15, 1759, d. unm. at Boston, May 11, 1841: RuCh, b. Jan. 
S4, 1161; d. Nov. 15, 1712: a dau. nnbap. and d. four hours after 
bkth, April 26, 1762: Edward, b. July 26, 1763; d. March 25, 1764: 
Xn^, b. Oct 9, 1765; m. Oct. 11, 1793, William Haydeu; d. at Lin- 
eolli, April 17, 1830; of her eight children, three were living in 1862, 
Mr. William Hayden of Boston, Miss Charlotte F. Hayden and Mr. 
rwderic A. Hayden: C/tarloUe, h. Nov. 6, 1766; m. Oct. 39, 1793, 
JoMph Fosdick of Boston, d. at B. May 9, 1799— issue, one son, Jo- 
sepb, d. unm. abroad: Franas, h. Nov. 6, 1766; m. May 21. 1793, 
SuBuel Prince of Boston, d. Dec. 23, 1799, he d. Jan. 21, 1820, leav- 
ing male isane: John, b. June 14, 1768; he contested several cases in 
the Btate of Elaine concerning tbe lands of the " Florentius Vassall 
claim " there, npon the ground of heirship thereto, but was defeated 
in all, and d. at Washington city, D. C, leaving male issue, having 
been m. in Augusta, Me,, to Ann Page: Edward, b. June 29, 1769, d. 
unm. of yellow fever at Boston, Sept. 20, 1798: tVHiiam, b. July 21, 
1770, d. Sept. 13, 1771; a son, stillborn Feb. 11, 1773. 

(22.) 38. John Vasaali,, born at Cambridge, Mass., June 12, 1738; 
H. C. 1757; married Elizabeth, sister of Lt.-Gov. Thomas Oliver, 

• EdiTftrd DaTis nu the third son of Dr. Willium Dstii (who wtn t1i« onlj Bon 
al Msjor BenjimiD Davis), by hU wife Hanoah, tbe eldest daughter of Col. Eitw^rd 
WIubIow, all u( Boston. He wia bom Aug, 21. 1730, married 2. MebiUible Pren- 
Ua, Ij wlioDi he hftd six cliildren : the oldest, Spenttr, wna born Dec. IS. 177fi ; 
Ib'^Dungesl daiig!il«r, Carolint ^ttj-Mln , married Ur. Titus Wellea of Boston, vho 
■fterwards marrlMl HsDrlettB, daughter of Jonathui Simpson, and grauddaoghler 
of 31. J<wui fanalt. 



122 77*c Vasstdls of Jfete England. f April 

Jan. 12, 1761; he died Oct 2, 179t, at Clifton, Eng.; ahe died at Clifton 
in her 32d year, March 31, 1807. At his father's death, Hon. Spencer 
Pbips was appointed guaidiun. In bis account aeveral curious 
items occur, viz: "To John Morse for a wigg and shaving said 
Minor's head two quarters, £11." "To John Warland for a perriwiggf , 
iilO." He boarded with bis guardian ontil May 5, 1759, "when ha J 
went to live in Boston," but seems to bave been with him again from J 
Aug. 8, 1753 to July 22, 1754. After bis graduation at Harvard, he 1 
is supposed to have lived at Cambridge until July 28, 1759, when he 
purchased of Edward Marrett, taylor, for £200 11 acres bounded E. 
on his own estate, S. on Watertown road, W. on Jonathan Haattngs 
and N. on John Hunt; also 6 acres bounded S. on the same road, W. 
on "the town way," N. and E, on Jacob Hitl and E. on Hastings; 
also 1 acre opposite, bounded S. on Charles river, W. on bis own 
marsh, N. and E. on Henry Vassal!. On the estate originally inherit- 
ed from hia father and by these purchases greatly enlarged, he 
erected the splendid mansion which be occupied until driven from it 
by the rage of the times. Nov. 37, 1759, he purchased from Joshuft, 
John and Isaac Winslow, Hannah Davis, Richard Clark and wife 
Elizabeth, for JC600, an estate oh King street, Boston, with the brick 
house thereon, which in 1765 he gave to his sister Ruth. April 11, 
1760, he purchased of Benjamin Fanueil, Jr., for £1333:6:8 an estate 
in Boston with brick bouse and barn, bounded W. 39.6 on Uarlboro 
(Washington) street, E. 66 feet on Bishop lane (Hawley street), N. 
296 feet on Brightman, S. on Walker. This estate be sold March 30, 
17ft3, to John Spoouer for £1230. Oct. 3, 1762, he sold in company 
with Thomas and Elizabeth Oliver, and Edward and Ruth Davia to 
Richard Lecbmere of Cambridge for £726:13:4, 45 acres on Cam- 
bridge " neck " bounded S. E. on " the great cove," with " a large 
bouse" thereon, being the share of the estate of Lt.-Gov. Pbips, set 
off to their mother Elizabeth Vassall. Nov. 30, 1763, he purchased 
of Thomas Oliver for £1000 his undivided share in his father's estate 
consisting mainly of lands in the western part of the state. Deo. 
20, 1768, he purchased of John Hunt and his wife Euth of Water- 
town, for £26:13:4 a small piece of land in Cambridge (being part of 
a lot called "the pickle,") bounded N. W. on Jonathan Wyeth and 
adjoining his own estate. April 4, 1771, he purchased of Ezekiel Lewis 
of Cambridge, for £260, 3i acres with barn in Dorche^er, bounded 
S. and W. oil a high road, N. on Ebonezer and Lemuel Clap, E. on 
Zebadiah Williams; also a half acre lot there, bounded E. on Jeffries 
andN., W. and S. on high roads. Sept. 19, 1771, he bought of Charles 
Ward Apthorp of New York, for £400, 47 acres on Freeh pond, in 
Watertown. Jan. 1, 1772, he purchased of Abraham Frost, yeoman 
of Charlestown, for £133:6:8, 12 acres of woodland in Cambridge at a 
place called " the rocks," bounded S. W, on Uev. Nathaniel Appleton, 
N. E. on Winship and Withington, N. W. on Carter, S. E. on Cooper, 
Swan, Hill and Prentice. March 10, 1772, he purchased of Margaret 
Fesaenden, "eeaniatriss" of Cambridge, for £7:4, a triangular lot 
bounded 48 feel S, W. on highways, 70 feet N. E. on James Munroe, 
50 feet N. W. on Abraham Hasey with well privilege. April 15, 
1772, be purchased of Jonathan Hill three-fourths of an acre with 
house and barn thereon, bounded S. and W. on his own land, N. on 



1863.] The Vassalls of JVew England. 

Prentice, E. on town road loading to brick-kilns. Oct. 13, 1112, he 
bouglit of widow Mai'y Ann Jones fur £1800 the estute in Boston, 
Willi maneiou honsc, barne and stables attached, bounded G. 140 feet 
on Treoiout street, 321 feet S. on JeQ'ries, 120 feet W. on Allen, 
William Vasaall and Sberbnrne, and 8T8 feet N. on Yassall end 
land of the " old brick church." Here he lived during the winter 
monthe until forced to abandon the country. The estate was con- 
fiscated bv the government and sold to Isaiah Doane, merchant of 
BoatoD, for £2400, Dec. 15, 1783. April 6, 1774, he purchased of 
Jonathan Hastings of Cambridge for £266:13:4 about 4 acres bound- 
ed S. \V. on Watertown road, and by liia own land on other sides. 
Hay 9, 1774, be purchased of Jonathnn Wyeth other lands adjoin- 
ing his own homestead. May IT, 1T74, he purchased of Thomas 
Goddard of Cambridge, blacksmith, for £15513:10, 9 acres in the 
"West field" bounded N. E. on the " proprietors way," N. W. on 
Jonathan Hill; S. W. on liev, Thomas Pi-enticc, S. E, on Sewell 
and Wyeth. It was in the summer of this year that he was com- 
|>elled to remove with his family to Boston for protection, aud in 
tfaat city be continued to dwell upon the catate adjoining that of 
his nncle William Vassall -on Femberton Hill, until 1776, when he 
accompanied tho British army to Halifax, and from there sailed for 
England. He was exiled by the act of 1778. Sabine says of him, 
" be was passenger in one of the six vessels that arrived at London 
from Halifax prior to June 10, laden with loyaliats and their families. 
In July of that year be designed to take a house " at the Court end 
of the Metropolis and enjoy the comforts of a plentiful fortune." In 
ITSO he seems to have lived at Bristol; other refugees from Massa- 
chusetts were at Birmingham, but he disliked the place and said it 
was a " dirty ill-built hole." Later he resided alternately at Chatley 
Lodge in the county of Wilts and the city of Bath." He died at 
Clifton almost inataulaueously after eating a hearty dinner. An 
obituary published in the Genllenan's Magazine, said of him, "he had 
a very considerable property in America, where he lived in princely 
style. Some time after the disturbances took place, haviug taken a 
very active part and spared no expense to support the royal cause, 
he left his possessions there to the ravagers, and having fortnnately, 
very large estates in Jamaica, he came with his family to England. 
He carried his loyalty so far as not to use the family motto " srrpe pro 
rtge, umper pro repiiblica." By an act of the general court uf 1780, 
bis real estate in Dorchester, in two pieces, was sold by the govern- 
ment to John>WtlliamB of Boston, for £325, on June IS, 1781. The 
sales of most of his remaining property followed in quick succession. 
June 28, his splendid estate in Cambridge of 47 acres, bounded S. 
W. on Watertown road, E. ou Deacon Aaron Hill and Wyetb, N. E. 
on Prentice and Wyeth and on the highway, N. on Prentice and W, 
on "the town way," together with 40 acres on the opposite side of 
the Watertown road, bounded W. on Sewell and Joseph Lee, S- on 
Lee and Charles river, and E. on heirs of Henry Yassall, and also the 
"West field " lot, bought in 1774. together with 20 acres on Fresh 

Knd were sold by the Commonwealth to Nathaniel Tracey of New- 
ryport, for the sum of £4264. A portion of this property, iuctuding 
tbs mansion bouse (occupied by WasbiDgton as hie headquarters 



The Vassalls of JVm Eagland. 



[April 



124 

during the Revolution) and lands immediately adjoining, became 
90011 after the property of Andrew Craigie, Esq., and is now the resi- 
dence of Prof. Henry W, Longfellow, remaining in appearance very 
much as when deserted by its original occupant. June i, 1782, 20 
acres on Fresh pond were sold' to John Richardson for ^165. A 
email portion of his Boston property escaped the notice of the au- 
thorities and was conveyed by liim to Edward Brinley of Boston, 
through his brother-in-law, Edward Davis, April 8, 1194. It consisted 
of land and a wharf situated " near the draw bridge," bounded N, 
W. on an alley to " Wentworth's wharf;" the land and wharf near the 
above, bounded S. W. on " Mill creek," and a smaller piece of about 
thirteen feet square, all of which was sold for £18. Children were: 
60, John. b. May 1. 1162: 61, Sj^cer Thomas, h. April 1, 1764: 63, 
T/umiu Oliver, b. April 13, 1166: 63, EHzabtik, bapt. at Cambridge, 
July 5, 1161; d. Jan. 5, 1168, and was bur. in the family tomb id 
that city: 64, Rohert Oliver, b. May 28, 1169: 65, Elimbtik, b. May 
5, 1111: 66, X«"iflrrf, b. 1113, d. at Boston, Nov. 1, 1115: 67, Mary. 
b, at London, Eng., Mar. 26. 1171.* 

(22.) 39. EuzABETH ViasALL, born at Cambridge, Sept. 12, 1139; 
married Thomasf Oliver of Dorchester, ^une 11, 1750. She died Id 
England previous to 1808. He died Nov. 29, 1815. aged 82. Lt 
Gov. Phips waa appointed her guardian Sept, 16, 1741, and Edw. 
Davis, Sept. 11, 1159. Thomas Oliver was the last royal lieutesant 
governor and president of the Council appointed in 1774. Sept. 3 of 
same year, he was compelled by a mob of 4,000 perBons, to resign 
bis office, and he almost immediately vacated bis beautiful estate in 
Cambridge (afterwards occupied by Gov. Gerry, and lately by Rev. 
Ohas. Lowell, D. D.), and removed to Boston, Here he resided until 
'76, when, at the evacuation, he accompanied the royal army to 
Halifax, and from there to England. He was exiled by the Act of 
1118, and his estate confiscated. The farm honse in connection 
with his Cambridge mansion is standing distant a few hundred roda 
from tbe present estate in a S. E. direction upon the slope of a hill 
overlooking Charles river. Lt. Gov. Oliver was a quiet, reserved 
man, but little known in public life, though ever distinguished for 
his amiable and gentlemanly graces. 

The following baptisms of children are found upon the records of 
Christ church, Cambridge: Annt, bapt. March 4, 1164; Elizabttk, 
bapt. Aug. n, 1166; Pendo^e, bapt, Oct. 2, 1168. 

(22.) 40. LncT Vassall, born at Cambridge, Nov. 15, 1141. bap. 
Dec. 27, 1141, married John Lavicount of Antigua, "June 16, 1168. 
They disappeared from the country at the time of the Revolution. 
She was the only individual of tbe name of Vassall, who. to our 
knowledge, was hap. in New England by other than a minister of tbe 
Established Church, Her mother was, we believe, a dissenter, and 




• Cimbridgo Beoorda s»y John, b. M>j 17, 1783 ; Spencer Thomis, b. April 27, 
1764 ; ThoniM Olivtr, b. April 13, 17BB. We \\\ve ulopted tbe diiei (uinlsbed 
froiD the family record by Mrs. 6. R. JohnBou uf Jam. 

(He waa iba son of Robert O. of Dorcbeatflf. Mm*., waa born »boul 17.13; S, C. 

17S3 : niwried eeoond wife, Uuriet, dtugliWr of Freainaii of Antigus. She 

died July IG, ]gOS, at BrUtol, Bog. 



T%e Vasaalls of JVhe England. 

this may account for the following entry found in the booka of 
the Firat Pariah (Congregational) of Cambridge. Bap. by the 
Rev. N, Appleton, " Dec. 21, 1711, Lucy, of Mra. Lucy Vassall, widow 
of y" late Col. John Vassall, y child abed twelve days old at y° 
father's death." She returned, however, to the faith of her fore- 
fathcra, the rector of Portsmouth (N. E.) church, Rev. Arthur 
Browne performing her marriiige ceremony; the bap. of one child ia 
recorded in the records of Cambridge Christ church: John, bap. June 
11, 1769. 

(23.) 41. Saiuh VissALL, b. at Boston, June 17, 1739, bap. Nov. 1, 
1743, m. James Syme of London, Eng., Dec. 29, 1763, d. a wi.low in 
England, about 1827. They resided for some time in Boston, but re- 
moved to Loudon, where he was for several years settled as a mer- 
chant. The bap. of one child ia recorded on the records of Trinity 
chorch, Boston: SaUy (Sarah), bap. Nov. 25, 1764. 

(23.) 47. LtcRKrri Frances* Vassall, born Sept, 24, 1751, bap. 
Sept. 28, 1751, married Richard Smith of Boston, April 22. 1773. 
They resided, for a time at least, tn Boston, but it is probable that 
the Revolution drove them abroad, as July 17, 1781, William Fro- 
biaher of Boston, soap-boiler, was admitted agent of bis estate as an 
absentee. Trinity church record contains the following; Ann Eyre, 
bap. June 6, 1773. 

(23.) 49. WiLLiAB Vassall, born Jan. 31, 1753, H. 0. 1771, mar- 
ried Anne Bent, died at Weaton House near Totness, Eng., Dec. 3, 
1843; she died without issue, Oct. 8^ 1846, aged 75. He left New 
Sngland in 1772, was asterized in H. C. Cat. of 1827 as dead, but 
lived to the extreme age of ninety years, one of tho oldest survivors 
of his class. 

(23.) 50. Henry Vassall, born at Boston, March 23, 1755; bap. 
April 1, 1755; married Margaret Groeme, and had but one child: 68, 
Wmiam, b. 1780. 

(23.) 55. Leonard Vassall, born at Boston, March 28, 1764, bap. 
June 80, 1768, married Sarah, sister of Col. Fitch, R. A., died at 
Brook honse, Old Sodbury, Gloucestershire, Eng,, Nov, 19, 1860. 
She died at Brook- House, May 20, 1851, aged 88. Children were: 
69. Zaurtt An%a Matilda, ra. July 5, 1830, Robert Korr d 'Eaterre of 
Ireland, and d. soon after without issue; 70, MoTgaret, d. num. 

(23.) 56 Nathaniel Vassall, born at Boston. June 18, 1768, bap. 
June 20, 1768, died unmarried in England, Sept. 8, 1832, a captain 
in R. N. 

(27.) 57. Elizabeth Vassall, born about 1742. bap. at Cambridge, 
Dec. 17, 1742, married Charleaf Russell, M. D., Feb. 15, 1768; he died 
at Antigua, May 27, 1780; ehe died at Plymouth, Mass., Feb. 23. 1802. 
Be sailed for Martiuico in April, 1775, and his wife, if she did not 

* Hsr IwId lister 4S. Ftatnj perhaps died jonng, Datbing ku been roond con- 
rarning her kfter her baptism, Sept. 28, 1751. 

t Ba WM the son of Jainei and Catbu'loe Ba»ell, bom in CharteatairD. Mui., 
Dee. 27, 173H, H. C, 1757, stadled medicine with Dr. Bi"kiel Heraey of Hlnghim, 
mJ mflHrwirdi in Eogliiiid, with Dn. Colin Uacktoiee and WilliUD BDDl«r at St. 
niotnaa' Hospital ; took a degreu of M. D. al AtvrdevD, ITtiS, reluraed to Not 
England and settled in Lincoln, Uau,, when; he had inherited an ettate from his 
nnel* Jadgs Chambva BdimU. 



126 



The Vassaih of JVeto England. 
Boon followed with her mother, thei 



lAppf 



mpany him, soon followed with her mother, then a widow. Dr. 
Russell was exiled by the act of 1TT8, aud his property conGacated. 
Of tlieir ten children, the births of but four ure recorded'in Maae. 
Some of the othera were, peVhaps, born in Wcat Indies. Six were 
stillborn or died in infancy. Cliildren were: Peitelnpe. b. in Lincoln, 
March 17. llfig, bap. April 9, 1769, m. Nov. 7, 1808, Hon. Theodore 
Sedgwick of Stockbridgc, Mass., and d. without issue in Boston, 
May 18, 1827; she was bur. in William Vassall's tomb under Ein^g 
chapel. Judge Sedgwick was b. in Connecticut, was tliricc m., d. ia 
Boston Jan. 24, 1813, aged 07. Elizabeth (?), b. and d. Jan. 31, 
mO; ElUahfth Vasmll. b, Jan. 10, 1771, m. June 12, 1797, Charle« 
Furlong Oegcn, aud died in Marion county, Miss., Ang. 28, 1824; he* 
was an English merchant of Leghorn, where several of their children 
were born. The eldest, Charles Russell, now of New York city, 
was bap. in Boston, Jnly II, 1798; liebecca, b. in Lincoln, Feb. 20, 
1773, was twice m; 1, lo David Peurofi of Gloucester, Mass., Nov. 
fi or 7, 1793; 2, to Joseph Roggles of Roxbury, in 1813; she d. Deo. 
15, 1825, in Philadelphia, and was buried in that city; by David 
Pearce she had issue— Ohaa. Rnseell and others:* Catherine Graxu, 
b. Jan. 9, 1772; d. nnm. at Kosbqry, Sept. 5, 18*7, and was bur. be- 
neath Christ's church, Cambridge. 

(33.) 59. EuzAiiETH ViB3AU., born 1770, married Sir Godfrey Wefc- 
ater; divorced June 1797 ; m. Henry Richard Fox, third Lord Holland, 
July 9, 1797, and died a widow in London, Eng., Nov. 17, 1845. Sho 
was a woman of remarkable talents, brilliant, witty aud endowed 
with many personal graces. The bulk of the immonBe fortune left 
by Flnrentius V. came into her possession. In her will she left about 
£1500 per annum, to Lord John Rusaell, and £100 to Macaulay, the 
bisturiaii. In retnrn for the many acts of kindness which she had 
bestowed upon him, Bonaparte left to her a gold snuff-box, which 
had been presented to him by Pope Pius VI, at the Peace of Tolen- 
liao, in 1797. It conlained a card on which was written the worda: 
" L' Eropereur Napoleon to Lady Holland, tcmoigne de satisfactioa 
et d' estime." Childreu by Sir Godfrey Webster, were: Sir GodfTtii 
VauaU Wibiter, bart.: d. 1836; U. Col. Sir Henry VasiaU Wtbsltr^ 
Knight K. T. S.; d. London, 1847, aged 54: Harriet, m. Hon. Adm. 
Sir Fleetwood Broughton Reynolds, C. B., K. C. H., June 5, I8I6; ah« 
d. Aug. 7, 1849. By Lord Holland, before marriage, she had: Chat, 
Richard Fax, colonel in the R. A., and aid-do-camp to the Queen, 
lieutenant general and receiver general of the Duchy of Lancaster, 
m. Mary Fitz Clarence, second dau. of William IV, June 19, 1884. 
By Lord Holland in wedlock, she had: Stephen, b. Jan. 18, 1799; d. 
I b. March 17, I80I; d. young: /ftwry Edward 
Holland^ h. March 7, 1803; sue. Oct. 22, 1840; m. May 9, 1833, Lady 
Augusta Coventry: Mart/ Elizabeth, h. Feb. 19, 1800; m. Thomaa 
Atherton Powys, Baron Lilford, May 24, 1830: Georgianna Anne, b. 
Nov. 7, 1809; d. Oct. 31, 1819: a dau. b. and d. June, 1812. 

(38.) 60. John Vabsall, born at Cambridge, Mass., May 7. 1762; 
bap. May 23, 1762; m. Elizabeth, youngest dan. of James Alhill of 
of Antigua, June 13, 1799, and d. at Lyndhurst, Eng., Oct. 17, 1800. 
Only child was: 71, John. d. without issue, March 23, 1827. 



\ 




The VasgalU of Jfeie Englrmd. 

(88.) 61. SpencibThomabVabsau,, born at Cambridge, Maas., April 
T. 1761; bap. May 27, UU; nmrried* Juno 30, 1795, Catherine 
BMndith Backbouse, daughter of Rev. Dr. Evans; died Feb. 5, 1807, 
»1 Monte Video, Uruguay, S. A.; hie widow married July 11, 1816, 
Tbomas Chetham Strode of Somerset, and died July 22, 1842. He 
entered the R. A. as ensign, at the age of 13 years, Oct. 29, 1806, 
ms ID command of an expedition against Maldonado, wljich place 
In captured at the head of 400 men, against a superior force. At 
^ siege of Monte Video, Feb, 3, 1807, he was fatally woundfd, at 
IImI time liolding the rank of lieutenant colonel, 38th foot. His rc- 
■kbiB were buried in St. Paul's church, Bristol, wliere a monument 
it erected to his memory. Children were: 72, Spemxr Lambert Hun- 
hr, b. Hay 17, 1799; kst., K. H. of Milfurd, cd. Southampton, and 
of Newfoond river, Jam.; m. May 9, 1844, at Paddington, Letitia Sa- 
rab, only dan, of Edward Berkeley Napier of Pennard bouse, Somer- 
eet, and widow oF Rev, C. E. Fulsford of Wells; he d. s. p. in 1846; 
Ii^ widow is still living (18(^3); lie wne knightedf iu 1S38; promoted 
to Cftptaincy in R. N., Jan. 11, 18:^7; was commander of the Harrier, 
Deo. 97, 1831: "3, Rawdim John Pofham (It. col. R. A.), ra. Nov. 30, 
1849, Margaret Emily, dan. of Sir Alex. Boawell, bart. of Auchinleck, 
and bus no iBane: 74, Honora Mary Georgina, m. Oct. 1, 1829. at Mil- 
fwd, Wilts, Rev. Edward P. Heaslowc, and d. in 1834: 75, Catherine 
SptMcer Alicia Bedford, m. Oct. 1, 1829. at Milford, Wilts, Thomas 
Le Uarcbant Saamerez, second son of Admiral Sir James S., bart.; 
and 2, Rev. Eardley Wilmot Michell: 76, an infant son, d. July 9, 
IMS. 

(38.) 62. Thomas Oi.iveb Vassali.. born at Cambridge, April 12, 
1166; died unmar. at Wrexham, co. Denbigh, Eng., Oct. 8, 1807. 

{S8.) 64. RoBRRT OLrFEtt Vasball, born at Cambridge, May 28, 
ne»; ro. March 36. 1794, Christian Bennett Tomlinson of Jamaica; 
nd d. at Abingdon Hall, Jam., March 23. 1827; Member of Council, 
Honorable, etc. Children were: 77, Elizabeth Oliver, b. in Jam. July 
M, 1796; mar. March 23, 1818, George Robert Johnson of Jamaica, and 
badisfloe: Euzabpth Campbell, b. March 10, I8I9;mar, Sept. 26, 1837, 
Vhuicis Severn Maxwell; Gcoboe Vasball, b. Sept. 21, 1822, mar. 
An^8t 3, 1853, Emma Evans Page; Williau Clarkk, b. June 21, 
18&, d. Nov. 8, 1854, unmar.; Georoiaka Et^itA, b. Jan. 28, 1827, 
mar. Jan. 27, 1842, .Tohn Caldcr; John Vassall Caufbbi.l, b. May 19, 
18S8, d. Oct 28, 1851. unmar,; all born in Jamaica: 78, Jofm, b. in 
higiand. Oct, 22, 1799, d. Oct. 15, 1833, unmar., in Jam.; 79, Mary, 
b. m Jamaica, Oct. 15, 1800; d. Sept. 3, 1842, unmar., in Jam. 

(88.) 65. Elizabeth VAa3ALL,b.May5, 1771, married March 6, 1794, 
at Bath, Eng,, John Oustavus Lemaistre, only son of Hon. C. T. 
Lemsistre. and d. at Cheltenham.' Eng.. July 27, 1856, e. p. 

(88.) 67. Mary Vassall, born at London, March 26, 1777, married 
June 16, ISOO, at Bath. Eng., John Gyttins Archer of Barbadoes, and 



• Bi»k« MjB, July 10, 17D5, tlie nLove is from &«■ 
) nugmeQlalioD, he beais ( 



r. lUag. iiv, p. 614. 
„ , ' or, the breaclitd butlons 

1 forlrvBe, ibov" whirh the words " Moiily Viilt-ti;" on ft pinion arg,, the 
Banlwr JiStli. wiibin a bunch ol r jpresj Aiid BJioihfT of Iniirvl. the sl^ms united 
b Mitiet — Creel, on n louiinl, vert, a bn-'Bohed [orlri^ss, lht?r»>n liokled ft flag, 
BdM, with the iuBoriptiun " Uonle Video " iu lutteta uf gold. Uottu ; Every Xiaiin 
Km [t» biUet. 



128 



77ie Vassalls of JVew England. 



[April 



died at Clifton, Dec. 21, 1806; her only child, John VattaM, died at 
Clifton, Oct. 36, 1806. 

(60.) 68. WiLUAM Vabsill, born 1781; marriod Anne, only daugh- 
ter of Col. Samuel Oliver of Belgrave, before Dec. 2, 1811, and died 
at Oldbury court, England, March 13, 1845; his widow jg still living 
(1863); he was a staff surgeon in the R. A. during the Peninsula 
war. Children vfere: 80, WiUiam, b. 1819; d, an iufant: 81, Eliza- 
beth Margaret, b. Oct. 14, 1821 ; m. at Bath, Eng., Jan. 15, 1843, Alfred 
Cos of Chipping, solicitor, and has issue: 82. Wiiiiam, b. March 21, 
1824; m. 1851, Martha Ann Skeltoii of Bramley Grange, Yorkshire, 
and has issue, two sons and two daus.; he is rector of Hardington, 
Manderville, co. Somerset, Eng.: 83, MaryOUver. b. Jan. 6, 1821; m. 
at Walcot, Bath, July 4, 1849, Robert Berkley Forrester, and has 
issue: 84, Robert Lmcc Gra-ni, b. Dec. U, 1829; m. at Clifton, April 8, 
1856, Matilda Paulina, second dau. of William Phillips of WitSBton 
House, Monm., and Salisbury Lodge, Clifton, and has issue, three soua 
and one dau. 



1. Bbhjamin Tassall, born Sept. 18, 1142; was twice married: 1. 
To Lnsanna, daughter of Capt. Jonah Stetson of Scituate, Mass., 
Sept. 15, 1782, bv whom he had two children; she was bom March 
2, 1151, and died at Charlton, Mass., June 14, 1186. 2. To Caty 

Ryan, widow of Mansfield; she died at Oxford, Mass., Feb. 10. 

1826, aged 19, without issue. He died at Oxford Feb. 18, 1838. He 
was born, it is supposed, in Scituate, parentage not traced, wua 
brought up in the family of a Mr. Vinal of S., and in eprly life 
learned the cabinet maker's trade. At the breaking out of the Re- 
volution he took up arms in the service of the country, and served 
until the cessation of hostilities, holding successively the ranks of 
corporal, second and first lieutenants in the militia. At the close of 
the war, he married and took up his residence at Charlton, where he 
had removed in October, 1780. He removed to Auburn in 1805, and 
to Oxford in 1811. Stones to the memory of himself and second wife 
are standing in the old cemetery at Oxford. Children were: 3, 
Benjamin, b. Feb. 16,1784; 3, Jonas Stetson, b. June 6, 1186. 

(1.) 2. Benjamin Vassall, born in Charlton, Feb. 16, 1184, was 
twice married: 1, to Polly, dau. of Uriah Stone; died at Oxford, 
May 28, 1830, aged 43, by whom he bad one son: 2, Apr. 3, 1881, 
to Louisa Southworth. He died May 6, 1843. and was buried in 
the Oxford cemetery by the side of his first wife. His widow mar< 
ried, Sept. IS, 1844, John Fitts, and is living in Oxford (1863). 
Only child: 4, Veiter. b. July 31, 1809. 

(1.) 3. Jonas Stetson Vassall, bftrn in Charlton, June 6, 1786; 
died at Auburn, Mass., July 30, 1831, and was there buried; sup- 
posed to have been unmarried, and withont issue. 

(2.1 4, Vkstkr Vassall, now resident at Washington, D. C, born 
July 81, 1809; married April 11, 1833, Sarah, daughter of Capt. 
Stephen Barton of Oxford; she was born March 21. 1811, They 
have issue: 6, Bernard Barton, b. at Oxford, Oct. 10. 1835, first lieu- 
tenant Massaohuisetts 15th regiment; 6, Irving Stetson, b. at 0., Aug. 
16, 1840. 



1S63.] 



Rev. Michael Wigghsworth. 



REV. MICHAEL WIGGLE3W0RTH, 

ATJTOBIOORAPHV, LBTTEHS, AND LIBBART. 

A century ago iio poetry was more popular in New England than 
W'igglesworth'a Day of Doom It is true the literati of Boatou, of tliat 
day, [ireferred the more polished strains of Green and Byles; bat 
ihe great body of the people, and especially those who held fast to 
the fftith of their fathers, delighted more in the homely but descrip- 
tive aad powerful language of the bard of Maiden, The popularity 
of Wigglcdworth, dated from the appearance of his poem and had 
iheti been established for nearly a century. Expressing in earnest 
words the theology which tboy believed, and picturing in lively colors 
the terrors of the Judgment day and the awful wrath of an offended 
Qod, it commended itself to those zealous Puritaos who bad little 
tute for lofty rhyme or literary excelleDce. The imaginative youth 
devoured its horrors with avidity and shuddered at its Gerce denun- 
clatiouu of sin. In the dnrkncBs of night he saw its frightful 
forms arise, and was thus drivsn to seek the ark of safety from the 
wrath of Jehovah. For the last century, however, the reputation 
of tbe Day of Doom has probably waned, and lew at the present 
day know it except by reputation.' 

Tbe author of this book, whoiio wand >iad Bummoned up such im- 
ages of terror, was neither a cynic nor misanthrope; though sickness, 
which generally brings out these dispoaittoiis where they exist, had 
long been hia doom. Ilis attenuated frame and feeble health were 
joined to genial manners; and, though subject to Qts of despondency, 
ne seems generally to have maintained a cheerful temper, so much so 
that some of hia friends believed hia ills to be Imaginary, 

We have lately been favored with the toau of some relics^ of this 
reraarkable man, consisting of a IVagmeut of hie autobiography in 
hia own handwriting, and some letters which he wrote to his lust wife 
during his courtship. These relics belong to cue of his descendants, 
a daughter of the late Rev. John Andrews, D. D., of Newburyport, 
Haas., whose wife was the daughter of Rev. Edward Wigglesworth, 
Jr., D. D,, the second Hollis Professor of Divinity in Harvard College, 
aod grand-daughter of Rev. Edward Wigglesworth, D. D., youngest 
child of the poet, aud the firslHollis Professor at Harvard. ^ Having 

>Fraiic1a Junks, Enq., <ii nn article in the Chtittian Examtntttor Nov., IS26,apsiika 
o( tliv Day <^ Doom as ; " « work whioli wan taught our fithcrs with their e«ta- 
ehunw, >iiii which manj an aged pertmn with whom we are aoqoalntBcI oan still re- 
past, tlioagh they may not have met with aoupy aiiica tbsy were In leading atiitigs; 
a work thai wu hawkud about the oouiitry, priulod onsliauls like aotniaaii balladai 
and, in flae, a work which Tsirlr rHpreaeuts the provalling tliMilogy of New Enulaod 
■t tb« lime It waa written, and whicli Mather thoiiglil, might — ' perhupH Qua our 
ohildrau till lliB Duy itseir arrives,' "— CA, £iiim. vol, vi, p. 537. 

> They were procured for na by William Reed Deane, Kaq., to whoae klndlieES 
w« are also iudebled tor 9<iine of the facta made use ot in this artic!*, 

■BoDd'8 Gtmatogia and Hiitory of WaUrlaun, Mau., p. 176. 



130 jRev. Michael Wigglesvwth. f^P™! 

been permitleii to copy theae documerTts for the RtgitUr} we appendfl 
them to the lirief accimnt or the author, wtiich we are ahoiit to girKS 

Rev. Michael Wig(;!e(twurlh was burn October 28.^ 1631, peihapd 
in Torktthire, EugUiid.^ Hl' was bi-cu^'lit t<i tliis couiilry in 1638||9 
but ill wliat sliip we are nut informed. Bis fnttjcr, Edward Wiggleii- J 
wcirtli, was one uf those I'eeolute Paritaiia who with their faiiiilicB, 
found ao asylum where tht^y cuuld enjoy their religioD without mo* 
lestatron in our then New England wildenieas, the distance uf which 
from their English homes can hardly be appreciated now. Here they 
euff'ered the severe hardships of a ligoroua climate and tlie feaiTuL 
dangers from savage tribes around them, while uniting to build aw 
rilUges which are now cities, and which etill retain some ol th^^ 
characteristics of their Purilan founders. The determined purpuMfl 
and strength of principle that conquered every obstacle was a schoulX 
of Bfivere training for the children of that period. f 

The autobiography relates, undoubtedly, but few of the perils ex* 
perienced by the family iu their voyage across the ocean and after 
their arrival.* The subject of our notice was of that tender age 
when impressions are indelible, his mind then being " woi to receive 
and marble to retain." Then was laid a solid and endnring founda- 
tion for his fnlure character and profeBsion. It was natural that a 
father who bad eudnred so much for conscience' sake should desire 
to see his only son a clergyman; and although that father's means 
were not large, the sou was devoted to the ministry and given a 
thorough edncaliou, Michael ftfler nearly three years of preparutory 
studies entered Harvard College in 164T. Here he had (he good for- 
tune to have for a tutor the excellent Jonathan ilitchell, " ibe glory 
of the college " and liimous an a preacher. The friendship here begun 

<Tbe doaamanU have appeu-ed in print before, but onl; in the columog of a 
li«ir<|iA|>fr. Tlioy Btn^mEil \o as ti> dfst-rvu presirvnliaii in ■ mure pvriuHutiiil furtn. 
TliF'cllrrt were priiilfd June 1,1830 in the Chritlmn RigiiUi.a. Uuiunau iiewi- 
paprr publUlied at Umtton ; anil the autobiography in Ib« isaum paper Jiinii 2ll, IBSO. 
Tli« DiauuMiriiitA weru oupiHil loi tlio CAriiiian Rtgalir bjr tli« lirv Aiidrrw P, Pea- 
bnd/, D. D,, of rortamuutli, N. U.. now uf Uarirard College and late acting preii- 
drnii Khn fti thfti time wu one of iu edilora. He added aonie ivniarlulrum wLiah. 
Wttdiall bUewLera quote. 

'The d»y of the month we obtain from a memoir of Wigglesworth in (L« Bi-i 
ttHHiat Book 1^ MaUUn [VI mo .■&oaoi\, 1S5(I), pp. 144-15<i. Thla m 
UUy urittKn h^ Kuv, Alexander W. MtCliin,, D. D. 

>In 1BST, he hftd relftlivM at or In the vliinily of Gllderaomo, Bug., a) appears by 
% letter wrllluD to liini bi M, Mi<ld<elinioke. dated April S, of thai ^ear, prewrved 
amoiin the Uwvr MSS. (*ol. i, p. E) In the M^-nry of llie Hlatoric- Genealogical Bod- 
Mj. 1 hU letter hu Imdii prliiled in the Hat. and Gm. Rtgiitrr. *ol xi, p. 110. 
Some of iliese irere relatives ilirough hia wif-, Maiy Eayner, tnd perlmpa all wsra. 
It is nut improbable, howrver, thai hU parent* mav bare emignlud from that 
linighliorhuod as the name of Wiggles north Id found at (Iju present Aty In planes In 
thnl vieimty. The nmne appeari. lo have originnled In the same (West) Riding o( 
Yorkshire, wher", in the piiriih of Long Prnslon, there ia a lownahip bj Ihis name. 
M Slaidhuni, a few miioi Troui WiggUiworth, a fatuily ot Wiggievworlha haa long 
Immxi te tiled. 

• Edwnrd Wig^lHwortb aetlledat N-ir Haren, where he died Oft 1,16fiS,|pav- 
in; a wi.low KsiUer and tiro l'hiM^■^. Ulohtel und Al>lg.ij. A letter rrom Uim w 
John Wii.ihrop. Jr.. Jniy IU, [liiyjt] giving au aruouni of Ui siukueis nUI b« 
fennd In tti* Mm*. MUt. CoU. 3d lerlM, toL a, pp. 29»~7. ' 



Liah 



I 



K63.] Rev. Michael WigglesKorth. 

Kppesra to hnve continued after both tiad left the college walls.' 
Daring his reaideiice at onllege the Rev. Henry DunHtfi-, noted for 
his erudition and discipline, was its president. > In 1651, he giadu- 
»ted and wax §oou al'ier appuiiiteil a tator in the coUuge. Some of 
bia pupils were men of note in their day, Antony them were: Rev. 
Sbabael Dummer, of York, Me., Rev. John Eliot of Newton, and ReT. 
Satnnel Torrey, of Weymouth; bnt the cliief of them, it will be ad- 
mitted, was Re7. Increuae Mather, D. D., pastor of the second church 
in Boston, and for sixteen years president of Harvard College. That 
Ihp tutor was faithful to his trust, we have cvitlonce. Rev. Cotton 
Malher, D. D., son of Increase, who probably dtrivud his informalion 
frotn his falher,says in his Funeral Sermon: "He used all the means 
imaginable to make his pupils not only good scholars, but also good 
chnslians, and instil into them those things which might render them 
rich blessings unto the churches of Oud."^ Increase Muther biniaelf 
Speaks of him with aS'ectionate reven^Dce.-i 

While a tutor* he prepared himself for the ministry, and before hia 

> Kight stBDUs on Ili« nork and ils sutlior, signed J. Mltcbel, which nn pre- 
Axcd U) tbu later edition* of the Daj i>r Doom, may lie by him. He wroia poetry; 
ht Mkther in the Uagnulia (pi. It, pp. ITS-ti, ed 170:^1 or vol. ii, p. 97, ed. 1HS3) 
|)*» mn Bleg/ wliicli ha composed od PrBsidtiil Danstcr. Ag^iiuat Ibia conjeoturB 
il may be urged that Mituhel's bUueu Tef*r to Mtat out of Iht Eattr, vliicli ie Butd 
not to h»Te bwn printed till theyxar after Jonalhati Mitnhe] died; lod that in lh« 
tiU« «r the ITSl edition of the Day of Doom, the nnter is called Hut. John Mitohel. 
I do not attuch muob importance to the last raoE, a« 1 have met icltk no Rev, John 
Milehtl Sd Mtlf ; in r^^ly to tlie flrSl, it C»L b« mid that Milubel may tiave «eea 
JKrot mt of tlu Eartr in iiinnuscript, and hesidcB we are not crrtain but that It wu 
printed before 16(19. Milohel was tn>m Yorkshire, the county !o which we have 
anppoaed Wigglesworth to liove been horn. 

■Danater wriLtng to RutIiii, profe«80r of oriental laognageB at London, in 1649, 
iDforma him tliat some of his uludeiits uould " with eaae dexterously [raiiaiate Ue- 
biBW aiid Chaldee iuto Greek."— See FiU'i Etc. Hitt., il, 10. 

■'■A Paithfnl Man | Deacribfd and Rvwaided. | — j Some | Observable Jc Serrioe- 
•bto I Paiuagw ill It.e j Life and Ueaih j of | Mr. Mi<.'haet Wigglcaworlb, | Ute Pas- 
torof Uoldoni | Who Rested Horn his Laboura, oiuhe | Loril's Day, June 10, 1705. 
1b tlw I tieTrnlj P.iurlh year of his Age. j And | Hemoriala of Piety. | Left behind 
Um among hia Written | Uxprriences. | — | With a Funeral ScruiUD PreBcbed | 
(l«T liim] at Maiden, June 24, ITdS. [ — j By Cotton Mather [ — j 



J — I Boston : Printed by B. Qreen for [ Nirholae Buttolph at Ills Simp at the 
Cornet ol Ooltridge's Coffee Huude. 1705." op, 48. A toi'v ia lu tbe libtarj of 
theUfcia Uist. Society. 

Cvttou Unther (roquenlly Issued bit works anonymonslj, and such we presume 
«a« the oaM with the flri>t edition of this paniphleti lor an edition wjihoiit tbe 
aotbor'a name is meutioned hi lite memoir of Wlgglesnorth in the MaUn Beak 
(p. 1S4). Tbe writer who had not seen tbe aliofe title, snijijMts that ibu aermoQ 
UBy be the Juiut produL-vioii of Drs. Increase and Cotton Mather. The same year 
that the ifoi/di fi(«ibwas{iiihli9h<'d {IBSI>),an edition of tblapumpblel tras printed 
■t Bueton, under the nup^riiiiendenn of Ee*. Dr. MuClure, with liiun-ase Mather's 
Buna 111 tbe title pag.', as author. The " Aildreas to Ibe Church and Coiigr>*galloD 
B Ikldon," is signed hy luureaae MalUcr; but J preaume the rest itl the pauiphlal 
«U by hU son. 
*la tbe Address to the Church at Maiden, preHiedto the preceding sermon. 
•Two oraiiona which were prohai.lv deliser^d while coiin.-cled with the colb-ee 
m preierve,!. TheSr»li»e^'tilJ.''l Tl.t Prut,e of EJaquttia, and the ae^ond, dated 
1H3, ia styled Cmutminc 7>iii Etoqiitmtt, and hau la attatn it. They are Id one of 

Obm oonnon-plaM bvalta bj Bar. MlstuMl Wiggletwortb, pnMat«d to \baia^tfMtt»- 



Rev. Michael Wigglesivorth. 



[Aprit 1 



fatlier's death he bad preached several times. i He was invited, 
probably in the autumn of 1654,'^ tii settle at Maiden as the succesaor 
of Rev, Marinaduke Mallliews, but owing to long continued sickness^ 
was not ordained there till 1656. The precise date of his ordination 
is not known, but it moat have been eubsequent to Aug. 25, 1656, for 
hie letter of diBmisaion from the church at Cambridge bears that date. J 
This letter, addreasirig the "Church of Christ at Maldon" stales thatfl 
" the good hand of Divine Providence hath so disposed that our !»■■ 
loved and highly esteemed brother, Mr. Wigglesworth, liath his reslea 
dence and ia employed in the good work of y Lord amongst you, anafl 
bath cause to desire of us Letters Dinmisaive to your Church in ordeal 
to his joining as a member with yoo,"* ^ 

The ill health which had delayed his ordination atMalden returned 
BOon after his settlement there. Cotton Mather tells us that; "It was 
not long after his coming to Maiden that a sickly constitution ao pre- 
vailed upon him as to con6De him from his public work for some 
whole sevens of years. His faithfulness continued when his ministry 
vras thus interrnpted. The kindneas of his tender flock unto him was 
answered iu his kind concern to have them served by other hands. 
He took a short voyage to another country for the recovery of hife 
health.'"^ This voyage waf to Bermuda, He sailed Sept. 33. 1663, 
and spent about seven months and a half abroad. " The tedious and 
Btormy voyage seems to have impaired his health so much, that the 
change of climate afforded him Utile relief, and he returned much dis- . 
couraged. He met with a very cordial welcome from his friends andJ 
parish! oners ."° ■ 

While he was withheld from his ministry, he employed his timciin 
literary labors. His Day of Doom is said to have been published 
about 1662,'' the year before his voyage to Bermuda. The first edi- 



OeaealogloBl Societj bj Ules Churlotte Ewer, sister of Cliarl>!8 Ewer, Esq . lirst pre- 
fideiil of the flociely, to whom [hey fonnorly belongud. The volumes «« mostly in 
■borl bnnd. 

' Antobiography. In one of the commoD-plkco iMioks just noticed is a Bermon 
partly in sbortBiid partly in long hand from Ph., B1, v. 12, mhioh is hetded : " Tba 
2d Sermon w* wm p'ched by myself M Martin s Viuyrd, May 1653." WliHlher 
this wM the second sermon that ho preached, or only the set'ond at Martha's Vine- 
yard Is doubtfol, 

'" When about tnenty-two years at P4je, ho was invited to preach at Ualdtiu. It 
was some five moDths before he concluded ti> acoept tbia inTltation. He liupplied 
the pnlpil ■ yetkr and a half, being uoch Iroubleil to decide ichaC his dutv mii^ht Ira, 
before ho wuh fully inductedlnlo the pMtoral office,"— Bi-C(nf™io J Bade of Maidtn, 
p. 14S. If, as in here ststud, lie receiviid his iDvitalion to Maiden 23 months befora 
his ordiuation, the invitation could not bare been given earlier than Sept. Iti54. 

' In the append in lo Mather's sermon are some extraola from Wiggles worth's " '. 
served Papers," One extract conaitts of reflections, " After he vte inviled a 
Ualdoa, and then wis lahen ofl'by long sickness." 

* ChriitUtn Eigiiltr, June 29, 1860, where the letter is printed entire. It is sign*! 
by his former tutor, Jonathan Mitchell, who was then pastor of the Cambridi^ 
church, and by Richard Champny (okiaprlDted Klrkland E. Lampryj and Edmuol 
Frost, the Ruling Kld»rs. 

■ Fuueral Sermon, 

• B>-CMI)«»fcl/ Book 0/ Maldm, p. 1G3, 
Mbld.p, 147, 



1863.] Rev. Michael Wiggleswortk. 

^oa, we are told, "conBisted of 1800 copies wiiicli were sold within 
ft year, wilb Bome profit lo the author."' Cotton Mather in 1706 
(peaks of the work as having been "' often reprinted in both Englands," 
bat the author of the memoir in the Book of Maldtn. only tnentionB its 
hmving been " once repuhliehed in London." We give the title of one 
Bogliah edition, and think it probable that this was the only one. 
Fire editions had been iBSiied when Mather wrote; and since then 
four have appeared — the last published in 1828, by Mr. Ewer, the 
tiBt president of the Histono-Genealogical Society. The author is 
said to have published in 1669,^ Meat out of tht Eater, the sixth edi- 
tion of which was printed in ntO,^ Among his unpublished wrifr 
ings is a poem entitled, "God's Controversy with New England 
written in the time of (he great Drought, Anno 1662, By a Lover of 
New England's Prnsperity.''^ Some v^ses composed by him on the 
death of his colleague. Rev. Benjamin Bunker,' which are preserved* 
in bis autograph among the Ewer MSS. in the library of our society, 
were published by Dean Dudley, Esq,, in the Puritan Rtcorder, Oct. 
U, 1855. In 1086, he preached the Election Sermon, which was 

6 Tinted by the colony; and in 1696 he preached the annual sermon 
efore the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company, which we 
believe has never been printed. Extracts from his sermon on Wearing 
tie Hair will be found in the Register vol. i, p. 368. 

While Rev. Mr. Wigglesworth was absent on his voyage in search 
of health, Dec. 9, 1663, Rev. Benjamin Bunker was ordained pastor* 
of the church at Maiden.' He held this office over sii yearg till his 
death, Feb. 3, 1669-10. In the verses before noticed, Wigglesworth 
highly extols his piety and usefulness. The next colleague of our 
author was the Rev. Benjamin Blackoian settled about 1674. " The 
town records state that he 'supplied the desk four years and up- 
wards, and left in the year 1679."" His next colleague was Rev. 
Thomas Choevor, son of his early teacher, the celebrated New 
England schoolmaster, Ezekiel Checver, author of a Latin Acddtna. 

^ Bi-Crnltnnvil Book of Maiden, p, 147. 

■ At the otoae at this aitlole we gire a collation of ditlerant editions of theae 

* Bi-CnMiuital Bookof Maidttt, pp. 149, 152. AdoienatuiuB ara tbwe given u 

» " Dpon the moch liraented deslh of lh«t precious e?rv»nt of Cbrlat, Mr. Benjft- 
mio Buncker, Poatur of the Cburcli at Maldon, nbo duceaaed on tlie 3J of j" 12 
monetb, 16S»." 

* The diatJDctioD betveeii pastor and teacher r>i elaborately ahowu by Rbt. Samaal 
Bewail, of Burlington, Mass., in the Jmmron Q«ar«i-/y Rt^trr, vol. xiu, pp. 37, 
40. It se^mi that Jhls dielinotion wae observed at this lime in Maldeo, and that 
Banker wai considered the pnstor and Wigglesnorth the teaclier, Tbe latter aalla 
Bunker " putar" in tbe elegy before meDlioned, wliile on ibe title page of the Day 
^ Doom hecills himself, *'teRcber." After be beoaioe the sole miuiBler he nag 
probablj coDSidered the pastor, al least, he is ao termed on his graveatone and in 
the inreutorj of his eatalp, 

^ Bi-Cnunuiiat Book 1^ Meldtn, p. 156. 

* Eey. Samuel Se«all in Jmiritan ^uartirly RigUttr, XI. 193. 



Rev. Michael Wigglesworih. 



[Aprs 



134 



Tlieae tiiree minialers wore all educated at Harvard Cillege, 
haviDji; graduated in 1658, Blackman iu 1663, and Clipever 
Mr, Gheever bpgan to preach at Maiden Pub. U, 1679-80. was or- 
dained July 27, 1681, and was dismissed, May 20, 16S6.1 It 
appears from a letter which Wiggleswortb addressed to Sanmel 
Sprague, July 22, 1687, tliat he never resigned his ministerial 
charge.^ He was now left alone as minister of the chnrch. He bad 
bowevcr, recovered his health in a meaanre about this time.^ Cotton 
Mather observes: "It pleased God, when the distresses of the church 
in Maldon did extremely call for it, wondrously to restore his fail' 
ful servant. He that had been for near twenty years almost barii 
alive, comes abj'oad again; and for as many years more must . _. 
public usefulness, receive the answer and harvest of the thoiisnndsof 
supplications, with which the God of his health had been addressed 
by him and for him "« 

He died on Sunday morning June 10, 1705,* in the seventy-fourth 
year of his afi^e, after a career of great usefulness and honor. " As 
he was faithful to the death," to quote the words of Mather — "so he 
was lively to the death. He earmstly desired that he might hold out 
nseful unto the last. Ood granted him his desire; a desire seldom de- 
nied unto theni that arc so impoitnnatc in it. It was a surprise unto 
us to see a little feeble shadow of a ninn, beyond seventy, preachinff 
usually twice or thrice in a week; visiting and comTorting the afflict- 
ed; encouraging the private meetiugs; catechising the children of . 



rch^^ 



^Bi-CtnttmtialBmki^MaUrii,^. 167. 

Mhid, p. ise. 

> WigttleHvoiih pTPSched the election Bermon, Hay 12, 1686, Cbiet Jrwtlne Semll 
In his journal informs uh lb*l he " Iii'a praver ad, That may knov j' things at our 
pete's in 3* our day, aud 11 may \m j' last of our days, Aoknowledged Ood " " 
J* Eltfotljn and bringing forth him u 'twuro a duiid Mali, bad tMcn ruckoii'd m 
jt dead, to preach."— gjmrr. Quart. Rtg., XI, 193. 

*FaDBr>I SennoQ, p. 24. 

■Senall in his Common Plaei Book thui records bis di^atb; "Lord's Day, Ji 
10, ITOS. The Learned and pious Mr. Miebael Wi»igtes«orlh di<^« ot Mikldeu, abt 
m. Had h^vn aiuk >b' lU dnya of n Fever; T3 yetra and 8 mmelha old. " 
tha Aiilliorof IbePnemeotiiuled, Tki Da^of Daom, whirh lias been moflun printed) 
■ud was very uavfull as a Pliyaloian "—Jm Quar. Rig , xi, 193. 1'he loacrlpUt 
on bis grarestoue at Maldnn enDolndlng vith this couplet : 

" Here lyes Inlerd in Silent Qmve Beloir 
Mauldeiis Phyeioiai) of Soul and 13od/ tno." 
Is printed entire in the fii-Cmfrnniaf Baoli p. I.'i4. Cotton Mather in the appendix 
to his (un<»rHl ijermon (tires llie tnllowliiK cpiliph as by " one thai had Ureii grati- 
fied by his Mtal oul of iki E-iltt mid Oaf of Doam." It Is generally awiribed to 
Matlier himself aud probably uarreaUy : 

" The cxcetlent WiOOLRSiroBTa rfntmbrrtd by mtnt good TdtHU. 
His peu did oni'e UikT phom thk Eatib fetch \ 
And now tie's gone beyond the iiati'r'e rracli. 
Hit body ouee go iLin, was next to none; 
From hence he's to unbodied spirits Sown, 
Once his nre skill did all diseases heal; 
Aud \iv does nothing now uneasy feel, 
Ha to bisparvdiM iijoyfat come, 
AtA Hiilt nitli joy to SOS bis Dai of Doox." 



\ 



4 

1 



1863.] Rev. MicJujel Wigglesvforth. 

the fiook; TiiBnaging the govprnment of tlie cimrch; artf) attendinfr Ihe 
•ick, lint only as it pastor, but as a pliyflicraii ton, utiil lliis ncjt only in 
his own town, but alao in all Ihnse of tlie vicinity. TImih he did unto 
ihe last; and he was odIj one Lnrd's day taken off before hie laxt. 
But in the lest week of his life, buw full uf reaignationt IIow full 
of 8atiiifactiuiil"i 

Rev. Mr. Wiggleaworth had at least three wives: Mary, daughter 
of Humphrey Reyner of Rnwley; Martha, whose maiUen name was 
probably Mudge;* and Sybil, widow of Dr. Jonathan Avery of Dt'd- 
bftm, and daughter of Nathaniel Sparhawk of Cambridge. His family 
hae already buen given in Ihe Regisler, vol. X7, p. 334. 

The letters which we print were writteu the winter and spring 
after the death of bia wife Martha, and were addressed to Mrs. Sybil 
A»erj, who subsequently became his wife. "la the course of his 
wooing" Bays Dr. Peabudy, "' at what period there is no record, a sil- 
ret locket in the form of a heart wbb preseuted lo (he lady by her 
lo»er. This locki't, not larger than a fonrpence, is cnriuusly wrought. 
On the front is a heart with wings on each side. It rests against an 
anchor; as if it hath Sown to her, and there found Us resting place. 
On the back, the words " thine forever" are maiked. After the death 
oT Mrs. Wiggleawiirth it became the property of one of her daughters 
by her first marriage, Dorothy Avery; and descended to the great 
grandson of the original owner. Rev. Thomas Gary, pastor of the first 
religions society in Newbnryport. Mr. Gary's cnlleague, Rev. Dr. 
Andrews, married a descendant of Michael Wi^glesworth, a graod- 
daoghter of the first Professor of Divinity in Harvard College, who 
was the only child born to Mr. Wigglesworlh, after his marriage with 
Mrs. Avery. Soon after the death of Mr. Gary's only daughter, the 
family of hia colleague were passing a day at his house. After din- 
ner Mr. Gary told the story of the locket and produced it. A lilao 
ribbon bad suspended it from the neck of a former owner. Mr. Gary 
placed it on that of his colleague's daughter, saying, that it had re- 
mained in hie family long enough, and now ouglit to go t{» another 
branch. There seemed indeed a propriety in its belonging to a de- 
scendant of both parties. The mother of the child to whom it waa 
given, had, after her father's death, received among other things a 
small silver bos, the cover made of an English shilling, and on the 
bottom the letters S. W. were marked — the initials of Mrs. Avi-ry's 
name after her second marriage. For what pnrpoHe the silver box 
waa made had never been discovered or conjectured. A finger ring, 
nnlesa smaller than the usual size, could not lie in it; but the little 
silver heart fitted in exactly. It waa agreed by all who saw them 
that the boi must have been made to keep the locket from harm ; but 
that the latter having been worn round the neck, for a length of time, 
the box was forgotten; and on the death of Mrs. Wiggleaworth, and 
the division of her effects among her children — her son had taken 
the bos, and one of her dangbtera the locket, and so they had de- 

' funeml ienaon, pp. 25-6. 

* His claDg1it«r« U*Tj, Esther unit Dorothy, by his wilt, nre to h%ve monEj "«'!> Tell 
to Utemai ibeic own iiioUi«('s perliou from Lbeii gcitnitlatliiir Hudgu'd ettata." 



136 



Rev. Michael Wigglefworih. 



[Apri 



ft 



acended in difiereDtbrancbeBof the family; and after being aeparated.l 
three geuemtiona weru re-united in the fourth," 

We h&ve appended a catalogue or iDTeotory of liie library takei^ 
and appraised by Rev. Jonathan Pierpont of Reading and Mr. Amoi 
Angler, who had graduated at Harvard four years previoua. The iuveib 
tory IB in the handwriting of Rev. Mr. Pierpont. The copy from which 
we print was made from the Middlesex court files at East Cambridge, 
by Thomas B. Wyman, Jr.. Esq. Rev. Mr. Wigglesworth byhia will 
left all his books to his two sons, to be divided between them after 
their mother bad chosen half a dozen English books. The catalogue 
will, we feel assured, be appreciated by our readers. Next to the 
books which an author writes would probably be placed thoae that 
he reiids as an index to his mind. Still it is not always safe to judge 
of a man's mental tastes by the books he possesses. Were we able, 
however, to select from the list here given, those books which their 
owner chose as the special companions of his solitude and study, they 
would give us much insight into his character. As it is, the Hat 
will be of service to us by showing na the books read by the clergy 
of New England in the last half of the seventeenth century, and ia- 
dlcating some of the subjects that engrosi^ed Iheir thoughts. Ooe of 
the facts most worthy of notice in regard to this library is its dearth 
of poetry. Not even the poems of Mrs. Bradstreet, the pride of New 
England, nor "Silver-tongued Sylvester," so much in repute with tbe 
Puritans of the preceding age, nor the grand epic of Milton, on a sub- 
ject kindred to his own, are there. A solitary volume — and that by 
an author (Horace) whose polished verses bear little resemblance 
to bis own rugged rhymes — comprises his whole poetical library.' 
But even this absence of his brethren of the lyre is significant. Wig* 
glesworth borrowed little from others, and what he borrowed wae proba- 
bly from the commentaries and theological treatises with which his libra- 
ry abounded, rather than from the poets. Not that his style is wholly 
prosaic, for there are passages In his writings that arc truly poetical, 
both in thought and expression, and which show that he was capable 
of attaining a higher position as a poet than can now be claimed foT 
bim. The roughness of his verses was surely not owing to carelesa- 
ness or indolence, for neither of them were characteristic of the a 
The true explanation may be that he sacri6ced bis poetical taste torj 
bis theology, and that fur the sake of inculcating sound dactrina' 
he was willing to write in halting numbers. 

The author of the Day of Doom though belonging to the atraiteet 
sect of Puritans was like many others of that sect a man of generous 
feelings towards his fellows. Rev. Dr. Pcabody calls him "a man of 
the beatitudes." Obedience to tbe supreme law gave a heavenly 
lustre to his example and a sweet fragrance to his memory. Tha j 
clergy of his day possessed a deep religious earnestness and a fer-.i 
vent piety. They were bible studcnte and men of prayer. Even 
many who consider them erroneous in doctrine are willing lo allotr 
that they were strict In morals; that if wrong in faith, Ihey were 



a- 
t 

8 
f 

i1 



' ll is burial)' {Kiiisible I 
English bonks befuru lliB 

were poetry, 



olio,s..ii ll 



lulfdoif 



S88.] Rev. Michael Wigglaumth. 137 

right in life; that, if tbeir creed wns opaque, (heir hearts were lumin- 
Obb; mid that, \{ thuir vision did not discern the additional light 
which the saintly RobinsoD had prophesied was jet to break forth 
from God's word, they sincerely accepted what light they saw. They 
wrr© patient, hopeful, humble, believJDg, faithful. They stood ou a 
higher plane than their successors, and e.^ercised a proportion ably 
higher power over their hearers. Their people revered tliein, were 
Gouatant in atteudance on their services, and submitted gladly to 
their sway. 

AUT0BI03KAPHY. 
I was born of Godly Parents, that feared y" Lord greatly, even 
from their youth, but in an ungodly Place, where y generality of y» 
people rather derided then imitated their piety, iu a place where, to 
my knowledge, their children had Learnt wickedness betimes, In a 
place that was consumed w"' 6re in a great part of it, after God had 
brought them out of it.^ These godly parents of mine meeting with 
opposition k persecution for Religion, because they went from their 
owa Parish Churcli to hear y word & Receiv y L' supper &c took 
ap resolutions to pluck up their stakes & remove themselves to New 
Bcigland, and accordingly ihey did so, Leaving dear Relations friends 
it acquaintace, their native Land, a new built house, a flourishing 
Trade, to expose themselves to y= hazzard of y seas, and to y Dis- 
tressing difficulties of a howling wilderness, that they might enjoy 
Liberty of Conscience & Christ in hi? ordinances, And tho Lord 
brought them hither & Landed them at Charletown, after many difE- 
coltiea and bazzarde, and me along with them being then a child not 
foil seven yeers old. After about 7 weeks stay at Charls Town, my 
parents removed again by sea to New-Haven in y month of October, 
Id o' passage thither we were in great Danger by a storm which 
drove US upon a Beach of sand where we lay beatingtil another Tide 
fetcht U9 off; but God carried us to o' port in safety. Winter ap- 
proaching we dwelt in a cellar partly under ground covered with 
earth the first winter. But I remember that one great rain brake in 
upon us & drencht tne ho in my bed being asleep that I fell sick upon 
it; but y Lord in mercy spar'd my life & restored my health. When 
y oext summer was come I was sent to school to Mr. Ezekiel Cheev- 
er who at that time taught school iu his own house, and under him 
in a year or two I profited so much through y blessing of God, that 
I began to make Latin & to get forward apace. But God who is in- 
finitely wise and absolutely soverain, and gives no account concern- 
ing any of his proceedings, was pleased about this lime to visit my 
father with Lameness which grew upon him more & more to his dy- 
ing Day, though he liv'd under it 13 years. He wanting help was 
fain to take me off from school to follow other employments for y" 
■pace of 3 or 4 yeera until I had lost all that I had gained in the Latiiie 
ToDgue. But when I was now in my fourteenth yeer, my Father, who 
I suppose was not wel satislied in keeping nie from Learning whereto 
I had been designed from my infancy, /c not Judging me 6t for hus- 
bandry, sent me to school again, though at that time I had little or 

' TUi iMt may »adi( ia ttoertain log th« plww ot WlgglMwoMti's nail vltj.—SD. 



138 



Rev. Michael Wigglavxsrth. 

WB8 willing to submit 



[Api 



1 his 



atllhority J 
'^^ ^ by 



DO diepositroD to it, but I was wi 
therein and accurditigly I went to 

tage &. discouragement seing those that were (at inferior to 
my discoiitiQuanL'e now goltun far before me. But in a lillle 
appeared to be of God, who was pleased to facilitate my work & 
bleaa ray atudies that I bdou recovered what I had lost &, gained a 
great deal more, eo that in 2 yeers and 3 quartcrb I was judged fit 
for y* Colledge and thither I waa sent, far from my parents &. ao- 
qnainiace among strangers. But when father and mother both for- 
sook mo then the Lord took care of me. It was an act of great eelf 
Denial in my father that ootwilhstandiiighia own Lameness and great 
weakness of Body vi''" required the service & helplulneaa of a bod, 
and having but one son In be y staff of his age & supporter of hi 
weakness he would yet for my good be content to deny himself 
that comfort and Asaistance I might have Lent him. It was also 
evident proof of a strong Faith in him, in that he durst adventure to' 
send me to j' Colledge, though his Estate was but small & liltio 
enough to maintain himself & small family left at home. And God 
Let him Live to see how acceptable to himself this service was in 
giving np his only son to y Lord and bringing him np to Learning: 
especially y* Lively actings of his faith 4 self denial herein. " 
first notwithstanding his great weakness of body, yet he Lived 
was BO far brought up as that I was called to be a fellow of y' 
ledge and improved in Publick service there, and until 1 had preach* 
ed several Times; yea and more then so, he Lived to see & hear 
what God had done for my soul in tnrningme from Darkness to light 
& fr& the power of Sathan unto God, w^" filled his heart ful of joy 
and thankfulness beyond what can be expressed. And for his ouU 
ward estate, that was so far from being sunk by what he spent from 
yoer to yeer upon ray education, that in 6 yeers time it was plainly 
doubled, w'' himself took great notice of, and Rpake of it to raysefr 
and others, to y" praise of God, w>>> Admiration and thaukfulnees. 
And after he had lived under great St. aore affliction for y space of 
13 yeers a pattern of faith, patience, humility & heavenly raindedness, 
having done his work in my education and receiv' an answer to his 
prayers God took him to his Heavenly Rest where he is now reaping 
y fruit of hia Labo's. When I came first to y* Colledge, 1 had in- 
deed enjoyed y benefit of Religious & strict education, and God in hia 
mercy and pitty kept me from scandalous sins before I came thithet 
& after I came there, but alas I had a naughty vile heart and wi 
acted by corrupt nature Si. therefore could propound no Right ai 
noble ends to myself, but acted from self and for self. I was ' 
studious and strove to outdoe ray compeers, but it was for hi 
applause & preferra' & such poor Beggarly ends. Thus 1 had my 
Ends and God had his Ends far diGfering from mine, yet it pleased 
him to Bless ray studies, & to make me grow in Knowledge both in 
y tongues k luferinr Arts &. also in Divinity. But when 1 had been 
there about three yeers and a half; God in his Love & Pitty to my 
eoul wrought a great change in me, both in heart <& Life, and from 
that time forward I learnt to study with God and for God, Aiftl 
whereas before tliat, I had thoughts of applying myself to y study 
& Practice of PLyaiok, I wholy laid aeide those thougbta, and did 



cb*' 



ihet _ 
wa|J 



chiiBe to serve ChrisI my work of y minislry if be would please to 
fit me for it & to accept of my service iii that great work. 

I LETTERS TO MH3. AVERY. 

^^K LETTER I. 

^^^^^bra* for bis esteemed friend HrB. Averj, wlddov at her house, Dtdhum. 

VBn. Avery — 

I I heartily salute you in the Lord, giving ynu many Ih»nkea for 
yo' conrteBiea wlien I waa at yo' house last October; bIdcc which 
time I have had many tbotighLa uT you, and desires to speak with you: 
But not judgingit eeasontible, I have beeu still Ihus long. And now 
I mnke b'lld to visit you with a line or Iwo, desiring lo know how it 
fkrelh with yourself & children this sickly time, Sly whither jou still 
coMtiiine in yo' widdowhood, & be at Liberty or free from any En- 
gagement, that a man may visit yon withnnt offence, Sly And if you 
be free, whither a visit from me in order unto some further acquaint- 
BDCC vould be welcome to yon. To which queries if you ptenee to 
reinrn me a brief Answer by this bearer, I shall take it for a kiudness, 
& shall better uuderstand what God calls me to do, being ready to 

! wail upon yon by a visit y first opportunity, if you incourage me so 
lo doe. Not else at present, but with roy hearty Prayers for yourself 
& yours I rest, yo' loving Friend 

ll«ldoD, Feb' II, 1690. Micha'' WiaoLKa worth, 

If JOU cannot conveniently return an aoawer in writing so speedily, 
yoa may trust the Messenger to bring it by word of mouth, who is 
grave & faithful, and knows upon what errant he is sent. 

Since Ihe former lines were writ I received the ill news of yo' 
mothers Death, which if it be True I am really touched therewith for 
yo' sake, who have already met with so many sad Bereavments, and 
BOW have this sad loss added to all the rest. 1 pray God you may 
have wisdom & Grace to bear it patiently & tiat to sink under it or 
lo be dixcouraged by it. For it is y- Lord tliat hath done it, & he 
doeth all things well & for our Profit, & can bring the greatest good 
oat of the greatest evils, and is wont to give us more ui himself when 
he leaves us less of y" Creature, when father &. mother both forsake 

{on tlieo the Lord will take you up and take care of you & yours, you 
hva already found him to be a gracious & faithful God, and he is 
■till y same. He hath been with you in six troubles, & he will be 
with yoo in a seventh. Many are the troubles of y' Righteous, but 
y Lord deliverelh out of them all. In all their afflictions he is af- 
flicted, & the Angel of his presence saveth them. Wherefore cliear 
Dp yo' Heart &, imitate David, that when his wives and all was gone 
yet incouraged himself in y' Lord his God, And who knoweth but 
that when y storm is at y highest a calm may be near — yet God 
many Times byafHictions preparcth us for peace. Blessed is the mau 
whom thou correclest, & teachest him out of ihy Law, that thou 
mayest give him rest from dayes of adversity. Psalms 9i. 13 — the 
Lord make this it and such like considerations to be a comfort & a 
Boppoit ODto ;ou. farewell. 



140 Rev. Michael Wigglmoorth. f Aprtfl 

LBTTER n. H 

Mi-B. Avery ) H 

& ray very kind frieud. J H 

I heartily salute you in y" Lord with many tbaaks for yo' kind ei^| 
tertainmeiit when I was with you March 3d. I have made bold onc^fl 
more to viait yun by a few lines in y inclosed paper, not to prevenjH 
a personal viait, but rather to make way for it, which I fully Intendfl 
the beginning of y next week if weather and health Prevent notj^ 
craving the favor that you will not be from home at that Time, yet 
if yo' occasions cannot comply with that Time. I shall endeavor to 
wait upon you at any other Time that may auit you better. Not fur- 
ther to trouble you at this Time, but only to present y inclosed to 
yo' serious thoughts, I commend both it & yoii to y= Lord & wait forj 
an Answer from Heaven in due season, meanwhile I am & shall r 
main, Yo' True Friend 

& wel — wisher, 

Maldon March 33, 1691. Michael Wicoleswobth. 

I make bold to spread before you these following cousiderationi' 
which Possibly may help to clear up yo' way before y" return < ' 
answer unto y" Motion wi' I have made to you, I hope you will tal 
them in good Part, and Ponder them seriously. 

Ist. I have a great perswasion that y" motionis of God, for divei 
Reasons. 

As first that I should get a little acquaintance with you by a short 
& transient visit having been altogether n stranger to you before, 
and that so little acquaintance should leave such impressions behind 
it, as neither length of Time, distance of Place, nor any other object* 
could wear off, hut that my thoughts & heart have been toward yi 

2ly. That upon Beriona, earnest and frequent seeking of God fc 
guidance & Direction in so weighty a matter, my thoughts have still 
been determined unto and Gied upon yo'self as the most suitable 
Person for ran. 

Sly, In that I have not been led hereunto by fancy (as too many 
are in like cases) but by sound Reason & judgment, Principally Lov- 
ing and desiring you for those gifts & graces God hath bestowed 
upon you, and Propounding y Glory of God, the adorning and fur- 
therance of y Gospel. The spiritual as wel as outward good of 
myself and family, together w"' y good of yo'self & children, as my 
Ends inducing me hereunto. 

2ly. Be Pleased to Consider, that although you may Peradventure 
have ofFers made you by Persona more Eligible, yet you can hardly 
meet with one that can love you belter, or whose love is built upon a 
surer foundation, or that may be capable of doing more for you in 
some respects than myself. But let this be spoken with all humility, 
& without ostentation. I can never think meanly enough of myself. 

Sly. Whither there be not a great sutablenesain it for one that bath 
been a Physician's wife to mat^b with a Physician, By this means 
you may in some things & at some Times afford more help than i 
other, & in like manner receive help, get an increase of skill, and 
come capable of doing more that way hereafter if need should be. 



foc^ 



1 



IS63.] Rev. Michael Wiggtistoorth. 

41y. Whither God doth not now invite you to y" doing of Bome 
more Eminent Service for him, than you ure capable of doing in yo' 
Present Private capacity? and whither those many Emptyings from 
Teasel to vessel & great afflictions that have befaln you might not be 
>ent with a deeign to fit yoa for further service, & to loaen you from 
y* Place & way you have been in ? 

51y. Whither y^ enjoyment of Christ in all his ordinances (which 
kt present cannot be had where you are) be not a thing of that 
weight that may render this motion at this time somewhat more con- 
siderable f 

dly. Consider, if you should continue where you are whither y look- 
bg after & managing of yo' outward Busincae &. affairs may not be 
too hard for you, and hazzard your health again ? 

71y. If God should exercise you with aickneaa again whither it 
were not more comfortable and safe to have a neer and dear friend 
to take care of you and yours at such a Time, especially now when 
yo' dear mother is gone to Heaven. 

81y. This following summer is Likely to be full of Troubles (unless 
God prevent beyond the expectation of man) by reason of our Indian 
and French Enemyes: now whither it may not be more comfortable 
and safe to get neerery heart of the Country, than to continue where 
yon are & to live as you do 7 

91y. The consideration of y many afflictions, losses & Bereavements 
which have befallen yon, as it hath affected my heart with deep 
vympafhy, so it hath been no small inducement to me to make this 
motion, hupeing that if God should give it acceptance with you I 
might be a friend & a Comforter to you instead of yo' many lost re- 
latione; and I hope opon trial you would find it so. 

lOly. As my Late wife was a means under God of my recovering 
a belter state of Health; so who knows but God may make yon in- 
strumental to Preserve & Prolong my health & life to do him service. 
Obj. As to that main objection in respect to my Age, I can say 
nothing to that. But my Times are in the hands of God, who as be 
iiath restored my health beyond expectation, can also if he Please 
Prolong it while he hath any service for me to do for his Name. 
And in y mean time, if God shall Please and yourself be willing to 
Put me in that Capacity, I hope I shall do you as much Good in a 
Utile time as it is Possible for me to do, & use some endeavours also 
to Provide for yo' future, as wel as Present, welfare, as God's Bounty 
aball enable me; for true love cannot be idle. 

Ob. And for y other objection from y nnrober of my children & 
difficatty of gniding such a family. Ist. the Number may be lessened 
I if there be need of it. 

Sly. 1 shall gladly improve my authority to strengthen yours (if 
Ood shall so Perswade your heart) to do what lieth in me to make 
tlie burden as light & comfortable as may be. And I am perswaded 
there wonld be a great suitableness in our tempers, spirits. Princi- 
ples, Ji consequently a sweet and harmonious agreement in those 
matters {h in all other matters) betwixt ns, and indeed this Per- 
swasion is a Principle thing w"'' hath induced me to make this mo- 
tion to yo'self & to no other. 
Finally that I be not over tedious, I have great hope, that if God 



^^f 142 Rev. Michael Wiggltsworih. 


[Aprdi 


^^M shall Perewade jou to do 


e with this iDOtion, the Conaequen 


ta will" 


^^M hp. for y fnrtharance of y 


Gospel, for y Comfort of ue bolh, k of 


^^H botli our ramilyca & that ye Lon 


will make «8 mnlu«l hel 


pets & 


^^H BleNfiingH to ench other, & thnt we 


shall etijoy much of God tugether 


^^H in such a RetatiuD, without 


which 


no relatiou can be truly aweet." _ 


^^P CATALOGUE OF MS. WIGQLfiSWORTH-S BOOKS TAKEN OCT. 22 


170S, 


^^^ Mflwmm'B Conoord t 00 


18 





Baxter's Safe Relfglon 


01: 


' Tlie Engliah Aiiuot : 2 Toll : 02 







Flae : Bsiiil indfed 


01: 


SI«rlor»t: in No» : Testt 


14 





Baylej of Glorifying God 


01; 


Mollaf: inPaalm 


10 





Ur. iDcr: Uaih: of Remark: 




1 Dioitat: Aniiot: 


16 





Proud: 


01; 


^H Darcnantin Colon: 


G 





Myst: oflsr: Salrat: 


021 


^^H Coop«rlTheHfturui 


S 





ofConveraion 


01! 


^^m Exttneii CnnclJ ; Trident 


12 





of Providence 


Oil 


^^M PoK-a H>rt;rol 


10 





De Signo an ; Horn ; 




^^H Ckir: Expos: Job 


OS 





Cases of Cons : of Spta, 




^H CalT : on leiliih 


05 





of Prayer &d 


li 


^H on 


OB 





Aiigelograplila 


1: 


^^M in Minor: Prophet) 


06 





Order of tlie Qospol 


li 


^^H BanDOn : BTkngal : 


06 





Fair weather 




^^H in Epiatol 


10 





Lubbeni opera 




^^1 Two Bll>lee 


12 





AKiHgHebreor: Resp: 




^^M P«reu» in Apoodypso 


OJ 





Btrlcringrra hislilut : 


ll 


^H L«igh'i Cril : 8»ra 3 Toll. 


10 





AatiusI: Con less : 


^^M i Alnsw : on j> 6 Buokl vf ) 






D^oeuninm Luctuosum 


U 


^^H Moi<e.&tbePBiil:2Toll. [ 


8. u 


Cole of God'a tioverulgnt; 


4: 


^^M DrprMtonou j-divinal 




Sill's Overthrow 




^^B Esaence Knd Altrib : [ 






Burrongh's Evil of Evils 




^^H Saint's (lnaliacKt<> 


4 





Vinoi of Cbrist's appearance 






4 





toiiidgment 


1: 




3 





Shep: HiocBre coDvert 


1: 


^^H Hlft llireo TrxKlises 


01 





Riverius Ui» praotioe ofPhjsiek 


1: 0: 


^^H Ferk : CuvB of Coneo 


04 









^^H AlexftndnConFut: Quak: 


0-2 





Pralionibus 


6: 1 


^^1 Conrer : buKresli BajQ : k Hwl 


02 





Charlton de BOorbaW 


2: 


^^H F«rua in Join : 


02 





Bennert: loslitut : 3 toI. 


12: 




02 


6 


Hadriani Thesaurus 


2: 


^■^ Bipo9 : on 3 Cb. of Bos : 


3 





Diatriba due Medio o-PhSlo • 






2 


6 


puphioB 


1: • 


The Marrow of Bcel. HjBl : 2 to 







BsailMos Chjwica 


0: 


Tucitl Opera 







WlIIIr de febribna 


2: ( 


Tanning's RemMnB 






P»lho!ogi» cerebri et ner- 




Bu»t : Ht^br: Oram; 







voBi generis Bpscimen 


1: 9 


Rama* his Ot-omelry 

Malli Treat: ofFailli 




6 


Praxis Barbettiana 









Index Mati-ha Medica 


2 I I 


Cart* : Harmon : Evang : 







Hanai Hxerthtio Auatomica 


1: 9 


Mouliir* Buohlet of Faith 







A few pamphlpta 


2:0 


Herodian: Hislor: 




n 


Barougb'« Method of PhjBiok 


3! 


Dod k Ci.'ftver'a S"nnoils 







Lower's Truulihus de ConJe 




Dnd'B form of Houaeliold Qovermt 


8 


Culp : Kiigtisb PlirsLLian 


a': 


Boraco 







MlraculaChjmica 


1: 9 


I Clark's foriQUl : Oral : 




8 






^■^ U«1>r : Bible 


6 


6 


Totn 18 


13: 


^^B M'CiiUoDoftheCoTeQt 




9 










« 


Th™ Boohs were prized on the abov* 


^^H Norton id ApoUon : 


01 


8 






^^H Fool's Diato^ilB 


01 





JoNaTBlH PmSPOKT. _ 


^^H Faruab: Rbetor: 


01 





Amis Anoieb 


1 


^^■^■H 


B 


H^^^fe ^ 


1 



TS83.] 



Rev. Michad Wigglesicorth. 



BDlTiONS OF WIQOLESWORTH'S POEMS. 
Tba foltowlnit trs Ibe lillea of Bucb of Iha diOt^retit editlciDa of the Day of Doom, 
imi MrW out 0/ ihi Ealir ns I lisre been alle to procure. Tb<! cdIIbIIohb giyeii nill 
enabl* tho»> who bSTS impHrfcL't copiui. of tbo editiouB coilalrd to idvm\ly them, 
TboM wlio h>V8 otber edilions of Ifao sulbor'a nritlngg, or storu perfect ones of 
UwM Bra laviled lo send coHationB of tbcm to lbs edilor of the Rt^iittr : 

Day of Doom. 

Tha antbor of tb« memoir in tbe Book of Maldtn etalee, tbal Ihs first edition of 
tbia wark wu ptiblisbEd "kbout tbe yrkr 1662. It consisted" he ronlinuea, "of 
leOO onpiBB, whtcb ware sold williiii a year, witb aome profit lo the aulbor. Tbu 
troond edition was printed some four jeara Inter, vitb the addition of scriptural 
proofs »nd marginal notes" (p. 147|. Wiggleswortb in bin address "To iha 
Cbrisiiui Reader" spiiaka of his "suSurings of mora tban tpii yinn length, " whloli 
may aa^ial us in delerniining the time of pabllcalion. Tbe Qret edition, ve prv- 
nime, vu printed at Csmbrid^; but, tliougli Thomas in his Hulniy of Prinling 
^■eirxlviislTs lislaoF the earliest boolu priniud iliere, tbi^ work is in noneof tbem. 

We give, Eomplute or partial collalious of probablj ever; edition but one, 
though the dates of three of them osn uot b« asuertained. Collations uf those 
which have dales are given finit, and of the imptrfect ones aftcmards, marked A 
B and C Tbat marlied K belongs to Wm Keed Deane, Esq., of Urookliue ; those 
marked B and C to the Massachaaelts Hlstoricil Society. 

1073.—" Tbe Day of Duom : | or, a | DesarlptiuD | of the Qreat and last ) Judg. 
mtat I With I ■ SbOTt Discourse | aboui | Rteniity. | Eccles,. 12,14. | For Godihall 
hmf. kc, London, | Printed b; W. G. for Joltn Slmi, at tbe Kingi- I Hiad at 
8MMlM#-''''y i" CornhOl, \ neil Uoast. to the Hogal-Eicha^gt, ItiTJ." | (Tbe first 
Cm li in black letter type.} Title 1 f. i verso binnk. A Hrnyer unto Christ. &g., 1^ 
npa, ug. A'. Tbe Day uf Doom, pages 1 to 71 On Elemily T2 lo part of 77, 
PMUeripl, the rest of page 77 to 8S. Vanity of Vanities, page %S to 92. A> to 
*«Mot B>* In 12s (The text from the Bible is pilnied m full.) 

K oopy of tbia edition ia in the library of Jumes Lenox, Beq , of New York, wlto 
hM oollaled it and furnished this memorandum. 

1701. — In th" index In tbe volume containing the copy marked C, is this memo- 
nnditm, in the handnriling of tbe late Thomas Walcult, Esq , irlia formerly owned 
It: "tbafithKd.,appean-d 1701." Possibly that copy may be tbe Gth edition. 

ITI5.— "Tbe Day of I Doom: | or | A Poetical Deaoriplion of tbe | Qre«t and Last 
I Judgment. I Witb a Short Discourse about | Eternity I — | By Michael Wiggles- 
wonh, A.lI.TM0h-| eroflheCburohatUaldouiu U.S. | — | TheBixlh Edition, 

Bnlarged with ] scripture and marginal Notes. | — | Ao». 17,31. B<-eaU9e 

ndaioed. I Mat. 24, 30. And then Qlnry [both in full] | Boston, Printed 

by Johu Allen for Benji- \ m in Eliot, at his Shop in King Street. ITIG." Poap. 
ISmo. fiiga. B to U in 6b ; last If. blank. To tbe Cbriatian Reader, pp. 5-10, aigned 
llicb. WlggWworthi On the following Work, Sco., 10 lo part of 11, signed J. Mit- 
(hri: A Prayer unto Christ, the rest of 11 10 12; Tbe -Day of Doom, 1 to 51 ; A 
8boft Diseoarsa on Ktemily, rest of 51 to 56; A Postscript, jco., 57 to part of 69; 
A Song of BmpUovKS, rest of 69 tn 72 i Death Expected, ke., 73; A Paretrel, &a., 
T4 1« part of 76 : A Character of tbe fteverend Aathor, Mr Michael Wigglesworlh : 
la k Pnneral Sermon Preached at Maldon, June 24, ITOS. By the Reverend Dr. 

OoU«n Uather, rest of 76 to 81 ; Epitaph Kluls, 82. Tbe oupy ooltated be- 

lOfiga to Charles H. Stedman, M. D., of Boston. The flrat 10 pages are gone, bat 
■hair ptkce has been supplied in mnnusoript, from a copy belonging to the late 
QotflM Kwer, Esq., the hues in tbe title and the pages of the other matter being 
salad. 

1 A Poelioal Degcriplion of the | Great and 
>urBe al>oat | Bleniity. | By Michael Wiggles- 
h in MaldoD, New England. | — | Tbe Sev 
h Edition Enlarged | — | With ■ Recommendatory Epistle (In Veree) hy tbe Rev. 
1 Mr. John Uitohel : Also Mr. WiggleBworth's CUaraoler, | by Or Cotton Mather. 
J — I AcUl7,31. Because, kc. Mat 24, 30 And then, ke.. [both in full.) | 
Botlon : Printed and sold by Thomas Fleet at the | Heart and Crown In Cornhill, 
ITSi." Fvap. Svo. 8iga. in 4i. No pp. 3 and 4, unleM an advertisement pMoeding 




Rev. Michael Wig^lesvxrth. 



[April 



the liUe-pagB is cOQQted; To Ibe Christiim Reader, pp. 6-9, signed Uieliael Wig- 
gltiaworthi On Ibe folluning Work, Bud its Anthor, pp. 10-11, si);ni!d J. Mitcliel; A 
Pwy^r uDto ChiiM, &c , p. 12 ; The Dtij of Doom, pp. 13 to put of 73 j A Short 
DiBconrso on Kteniity, rust of 73 to pirt of 79; A Poalsoript to the Reidar, rcKl of 
79 to part ot 92; A 6ong of Brnptjoese, r?stDr92 to part of 96; Death Bxpecird, &o 
rest of 9(i to p»rt of 97 ; A Karavel to the World, rest of B7 to p«r[ of 99 ; Mr. 
WiggleBworth'B Cbuaclt- r \jj the ReTereod Dr. CoUon Malber, xval of 99 to put of 

104; EpiUpb Finis, rest of 104. The copy eolUIed, belongs to Edward 

Wigglegwonh, Esq , oi Boston, u descendant in the 5th gentralion. Otber copiei 
are lu the libraries of the Auericui Antiquarian Sooiaty, and the Uaasachaaatts 
Qislorical Sooiel; 

ISll.— "The I Day of Doom: j or | A Poetical Description | uflhe | Oreal and Last 
Judgmant. | With » short diroourse on I Kteniity, | By Michael Wiggleswonh, A. M. 
I Teagher of tbe Church at Mulden, N. S. \ To wliioh is prefiiud a Biographioal 
Sicetoh I of the chanoter of the author. | Aots 17, 'il. Becanse lie hath appointed, 
&c. Mat, 24, 30. And then shall apppur, &c, [Both tuxb printed in full.] Prom 
the Siith Boston Edition, priuled in ITIS. | Nevburyi>or[ : | Published by K. Little 
JlCompany. | 1S11,J C. Norris & Co., printers." I Title 1 f.i verso Uauk. Biographi- 
cal Sketch, pp. 3-9, falloKed by a blank page. To the Christian Keader, pp. 11-lG, 
signed by the author. On thefoUuwing nock and lu author, pp. 1(>-1T, signed J. 
Hltchel. A Prayer to Christ, page IS; sigs. including lltle-piiga A in 9s. The 
Day of Doom, pp. IS to part ot 69 On Eternity, the reet of S9 to i4. Postscript, 75 
l4 part of )jS. Vanity of Tanitiee, the rest of 8S to part of 88. Death Eipecled 
and Welcomed, the rest of 88. A Fareirell to the World, pages 89 and 90. Slir. 
B to vewo of E* in 8s. 

A copy is in the library of James Lenox, Bsq. of Nen- York, who has furnished 
this oollalion. Ur. Lenox writes that the biographical slcelch is very itieagre as to 
tbe tnuidenlB of the author's life, nearly one lialf being taken up by a oiitioUm on 
the poems in this Volume. 

1828.—" The | Day of Doom I or | a poetical description of the great and 
last I Judgment. | Willi a | Short Didoourw abont Etarnity. | By Michael Wigglee- 
worth, A. M., I Teacher of the Church at Maiden in K. E. j — | Aota l7, 31. 
Because, Sw). Mat. 24 : 30. And, &c., [both texts in full] | — | Kram the Sixth 
EdItidD, 1715." I Boston : | Charles Ewer, 141 Washington St. j 1628." To lbs 
Christian Reader, pp. 2-0; On the following Work, &o,, T-8, signed J. Mitchell ; A 
Prayer unto Christ, p. 9; p. 10, blank; The Day of Doom, II to 66; A Short Dis- 
course on Eternity, 67 to 72-, A Postscript, 73 to part of S4: A Song of Bmpiineis, 
fcc, 84 to part of 88; D»ath ExpecUd, ka., rest of 88; A Farewell, &a., 89 to 91; 
A Character, &o., 92 to 95 i Epitaph FinU 9S. 

A.— "The I Day of Doom: | or, A | Poatioal Diacriptlon [ric| | of | The great 
and last Judment {tie] ; with I a short Discourse about Bterui- | ty. | — | By 
Ulchsel Wiggleeworth Teacher of [ the Church at Maldoo in New-Bng- | land. | — 

I Acts 17, 31. I Because he hath appointed | which he will | Kighte- 

oos I bstli "I The rest ol the title is torn off. Pot Bvo., slgs. I) and C 

in 4b, D and B in Oa. Some pages (appareotl; 4} are gone, after the title. Pagu 2, 
recto, comiuences in tbe middle of the 4th alania, " So at Ibi^ last," jic. -, The Daj 
ot Doom ends on p. GO; A Short Disconrse, &c., commences ou p, SI, end missing; 
a number of pai{ea, and all after 64, are gone. The absence of marginal notes and 
scripture proof*, ai well as the spelling and typography, leads me to think thli may 
be the first edition. 

B. — This copy commences at p. 3, with the 8th stanza, " Ye Sons of Hen," &o. 
Tbe Day of Doom ends on part of p. 67; A Short Discoorse, &c., rest of 57 to 62; 
A Postscript, &c., 63 to 7S ; A Song of KmptlDess, &c., 76; the rest gone. Pot, 
8to., sigs. in Ss. This is a very early oopy. 

C. — The copy commences ; On the following Work, and its Author, 2 pp. ; signed 
J. Mitchel, A Prayer unto Christ, 2 pp., follows with Michael Wiggiesvorth pasted 
on a£ asignatore — all the pages unnumbered i The Day of Doom, pp. 1 to 75; 76 
p. blank; A Short Discourse, jcc, pp. 77 to 84 ; A Tostscript, &o., 85 to 94; A 
Song of Hmpliuees, Pinis, 9S to 98. Pol gvo., sig. in 4s. 

KoTH.— The editions of 1715 and 1828, and Ihuee marked 1) and C have marginal 
notes and surlptnre references; in that of 1751, atid thai marked A, ttiese ara 
wanting. 



1863.] 



Rev. Michael Wigglenoorih. 



146 



Meat out of the JSater, 

The Mslden Book states that t)ie first edition of this work was pnblished in 1669. 
The earliest edition of which we have been able to obtain anj information is the 4th. 

1689. — " Meat | out of the | Eater : | or | Meditations I oonoeming | the necessity, 
•ndandnsefalnessof | Afiiiotlons | unto God's Children. ( All tending to prepare them 
for I and comfort them under the | Gross. | By Michael Wiggiesworth. | The 
Fourth Edition. | Printed bj R. P. for John Vsher, 1689.'' Meat out of the Eater 
in 8 meditations, commencing like 1717 ed. below, pp. 3-50 ; then follows the 
tHle, recto, Riddles .... loseth, verso. Riddles .... Wine, as in the 1717 edition ; 
Light in Darkness, pp. 53-91; Sick Men's Health, 92-107; Strength in Weak* 
nesa, 108-120; Poor men's Wealth, 121-137; In Confinement Liberty, 138- 
147; In Solitude good Company, 148-160; Joy in Sorrow, 161-179; Life in 
Death, 180-189; Heavenly Crowns, 190-208. The collation made by W. R. 
Deane, Esq., from a copy in the Prince Library belonging to the Old South Church, 
Boston. 

1717. — ** Meat | out of the | Eater : | or | Meditations | Concerning the Necessity, 
End I and Usefulness of | Affictions | unto | God's Children. | All tending to Prepare 
them For, and | Comfort them Under the Cross. I — | By Michael Wiggiesworth. | 
Corrected and Amended by the Author | in the Year 1703. | — | The Fifth Edition. 
I — I Boston, Printed by J. Allen for Nicholas Buttolph | at his Shop in Comhill. 
1717.'' Fcap. 12mo., sigs. in 6s. After the title, veno blank, page 3 commences 
thus under a headpiece of printers' flowers : ToUe Crucem. | All Christians must be | 

Cross-bearers. | 

If aoT man w5Il mr di«cip1e be 

Let mm take up bu Crom and follow me. 

None can with me and mine partake • 

Who doth not all for me foraake. 

Then 8 meditations which form Meat out of the Eaiir, proper, extending to p. 34; 
but this title is not found at the beginning, though used as a running title from 
p. 4-34. Next follows this title, forming pp. 35 and 36 : 



[▼BBSO.] 

RIDDLES Unriddled, 

OR, 

Chnstian Paradoxes. 

Light in Darkneu, 
Sick ment Health, 
Strength in Weaknea^ 

Poor mem Wealth, 
In Confinement, 

Liberty^ 
In Solitude, 

Good Company, 
Joy in Sorrow, 

Life in Deathe, 
Heavenly Croumefor 

Thorny Wreathe, 

Are presented to thy view. 
In the Poems that ensue. 

If my Triale had been thine, 

These would cheer thee more than Wine, 

Then follow, with running titles to correspond ; Light, &c., pp. 37 to 62; Sick &o 
63 to 72; Strength, Ac, 73 to 81 ; Poor, Ac, 82 to 92; In Confinement, Ac, 93 to 
99 ; In Solitude, Ac, 100 to 109 ; Joy, Ac, 110 to part of 123 ; Life, Ac, rest of 

123 to part of 130 ; Heavenly Crowns Finis, the rest of 130 to 143. The copy 

collated belongs to the New England Historic-Genealogical Society. There are 
other copies in the libraries of David Pulsifer, Esq., and the Mass. Hist. Society. 

1770.—" Meat | out of the | Eater: | or | Meditations | concerning the Necessity 
Bad, and | Usefulness of | Afflictions | unto | God's Children, | alltending to prepare 
them For, and | Comfort them Under the J Cross. | — . | By Michael Wiggiesworth 
, corrected .„d a».ended^b, the Author L , the ,e«r 1703. , - , «.e Sixth Edi- 



[rbcto.] 
Unriddled, 

OR, 

Ohristian Paradoxes 

Broke open, emdiing like eweet Spice 
New taken out of Boxee. 

Bach Paradox is like a Box, 
That Cordials rare incloseth : 

This Key unlocks, op'neth the Box 
And what's within discloseth ; 

That whoso will may take his fill, 
And gain where no man loseth. 



us 



Omealogieal Studia. 



[April 



Uon. I — I New London: PrioWd by T. Qreen | for Sflth While, 1770." Siza of 
printed psgB 2j hj 5 iuuhea. Tbo psgiug U coaiecutive from 3 to 140-, tbu ■igna- 
tnrea are irreguUr, flomeinga, and others in 4a. Heal out of the Baler, S med., com- 

meDoinglike 1717 ed,, pp. 3 to 34; title, recto, Riddles loaeth; verso, Rid diai 

Wise, prinlvdhifull, Light, &c., 37 to foot of 62; Siak, &c., foot of 6210 

72; Strength, &c., 73 to middle of 61; Poor, ko., mid. 61 to 92; In Conflnement, 
&c., 93 to roid. of 99 ; lu Solitude, mid. 99 to mid. IDg ; Joy, &c., raid. lOg to top 

121; Life, Jic, top of 121 to 127; Heavenly Crowns Finig, 128 lo 140. Tba 

copy oollaled belongs to George BriQloy, Keq., of Hartford, Conn., who hw fnniiah- 
ed the ilcmi for this memorandaia. 

All the titles of both works whicli wo have eiamired are 1 f., verao blank, ez- 
oepl the 1628 Day of Doom, on the verso of which la this imprint: " Himni 
Topper, Printer — Bromfield Lane." 

A pamphlet wa* printed last year witli this title: " The Church Uoves. A Curi- 
osity of Literatnre and Theology. Bxtraota from a Puem of uearly 2,000 linea, 
eolitled The Day of Doom. By Michael WiggleGworlb, A. M., Teacher of tha 
Church at Maiden, in New England. From the Sixth London EdiUon. 1716. Bos- 
ton r Pnbliahed by R. Thayer. Sold by Usher i Qtiinby, 37 Comhill." 16mo., 
pp. 16, No dale. We nnderstand that theee extracts were really reprinted from 
a copy of Mr. Bwer'« {1826) edition, belonging to Parker Pillebnry, Esq. There 
was a Button edition in 1715, bat probably no Landon edition that year. Eettell in 
his Specimens of American Poetry, i, 36, atatea that he copied the Epitaph whScli 
we print on p. 134 from " the sijith edition of WiggleBworth's Poems, printed In 
1707." We And no ohter reference to such an edition. 



To THE GnrroR op the N. E. Hist, and Geh. Reoister: 

Are any copies of Danmonii Orienlaiu lUmtra or the Worthies of 
Devon, and A CompUal History of Semersitshiri, etc., Skerbonu, to be 
found ID our American Libraries 1 

According to Upcott there were two Engliah editions of tlie Wor- 
tkUi of Devon published, one folio 1101, another, quarto, with notes 
and additions, 1810. 

A Comjtleat Hillary of Somtrsetskire, ric, Sherborne, was pnbliahed in 
folio 1742. This last work is a reprint of the History of Someraet- 
aLire as contained in the Magna Britannia. 

These works arc of importance to many in America, whose an- 
cestors came from the above named counties iu England. 

Brascombe. 

[There is a copy of Prince's Worthies of Devon, first edition, in the 
Public Library, Boston. Copies of the greatly improved edition of 
1810, by the late Mr. Rees of Plymouth, are in the libraries of the 
Hon. W. H. Tuthill of Tipton, Iowa, and in that of the subscriber. 
There is a copy of Oollinson's History of SomtritisAire in the Public 
Library of Boston. S. G. Dsakb.] 

GGKEA1.0C1CAL Sttdibs. — Such studies have, in my opinion, a valne 
far beyond that at which they are ordinarily estimated. The "first 
commandment with promise" which requires the individnal to 
"honor "his immedinte parents with grateful assiduity while they 
live, and with grateful commemoration when they are gone, is a 
commandment for communities and races to honor all that was rood 
in their progenitors; and I have full faith that while our New England 
race shall honor the virtues of its ancestry, its days shall be long 
in the land. — Rev. Leonard Bacon, D. D. 




1863.] 



Rear Admirals in the U. S. JVavy. 



147 



REAR ADMIRALS IN THE UNITED STATES NAVY. 

A law to establish and equalize the grade of officers in the navy, 
was passed by the last congress and was approved by the Pre- 
sident, July 16, 1862. It creates nine grades of officers, namely: 
laty Rear Admirals; 2d, Commodores; 3d, Captains; 4th, Command- 
ers; 5tb, Lieutenant Commanders; 6th, Lieutenants; 7th, Masters; 
8th, Ensigns and 9tb, Midshipmen. The 1st are to have equal rank 
with Major Grenerals in the army, the 2d with Brigadier Generals, 
the 3d with Colonels, the 4th with Lieutenant Colonels, the 5th with 
Majors, the 6th with Captains, the 7th with First Lieutenants and the 
8th with Second Lieutenants. Under this law the President commis- 
sioned, Wednesday, July 31, 1862, 9 Captains of the navy to be 
Rear Admirals on the retired list and 4 on the active list. Those on 
the retired list were: 

MunM. NatiTitjr. Appointed ftom. Entered Srrrkt. 

Cbarlea Stewart, Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania. 1798 

Qeorge C. Read,^ Ireland. Pennsylvania. 1804 

William B. Slmbrick, South Carolina. South Carolina. 1806 

Joseph Smith, Massachusetts. Massachusetts. 1809 

George W. Storer, New Haven. Maine. 1809 

Francis H. Gregory, Connecticut. Connecticut. 1809 

Silas H. Stringham, New York. New York. 1809 

Hiram Paulding New York. New York. 1811 

EUe A. F. Lavailette,* Virginia. Pennsylvania. 18X2 

Those on the active list were: 

Nunea. Nativitf . Appointed firom. Xntered Serriotb 

David G. Farrngut, Tennessee. Tennessee. 1810 

L. M. Goldsborough, Dis. of Col. Dis. of Col. 1812 

Samuel F. Du Pont, New .Tersey. Delaware. 1815 

Andrew H. Foote Connecticut. Connecticut. 1822 

This is the first time the United States government, under the con- 
stitution, has commissioned officers for its Navy of higher grade than 
Captain. During the revolution, Dec. 22, 1775, Esek Hopkins was 
appointed by Congress ''Commander-in-Chief of the fleet."^ He is 
sometimes styled Admiral and sometimes Commodore, though, wo 
presume, these titles were given him by courtesy, as the latter has 
since been given to Captains in our navy, when they were in com- 
mand of fleets. It is probable that the Continental Congress in- 
tended to create higher grades of officers in the navy, as Nov. 15, 
1776, a resolution was passed, "That the rank of naval officers be to 
the rank of officers in the land service as follows: Admiral as a Gen- 
eral ; Yice-Admiral as a Lieutenant-General ; Rear Admiral as a Major 
General; Commodore as a Brigadier General; Captain of a ship of 
40 guns and upwards as a Colonel ; Captain of a ship of 20 to 40 
guns as a Lieutenant-Colonel; Captain of a ship of 10 to 20 guns as 
a Major; Lieutenant in the navy as a Captain."^ There were, how- 
eTer, no officers of the higher grades commissioned at that time; nor 
have there been any since, as we have said, till last year. 

^ Rear Admiral George Campbell Read died at Philadelphia Aug. 22, 1862. Ha 
was al that time Governor of the Philadelphia Naval Asylum. 

>Rear Adm. Lavallette died at Philadelphia, Nov. 18, 1862, aged 73. 

* Journal ef CongrtMi, vol. i, page 281. 

« Joumol ^ Comgrm, vol. ii, page 4S0, and Lo88iDg*8 Field Book of tlU RtttdvAvm 
(1st ad.), vol. n, page 844. 



148 



Memorial to the Totm of Boston. 



[April 



MEMORIAL TO THE TOWN OF BOSTON, lt46. 
The following documeot oontaiDB the names of many of the promi- 
nent citizens of Boston at its date. Atkinson street is now a portion 
of CongresH street. 

To the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the Town of Boston, 
in Town meeting Regularly assembled the March A: D: 

1146. 
The Memorial of Sundry of the Proprietors of Houses & Laada, 
& Others the Inhabitants of said Town of Boston, Living in & 
some of 'em frequenting the Street commonly known by the name 
of Atkinson Street, bounded Northerly on Milk Street & Southerly 
on Cow Lane — 
Sheweth — 

That there has been for some years past much paius as well as 
money eipended in planking, graveling & draining said Street, in 
ordfr to make it more commodious, but to so little purpose hitherto, 
that it is notorious to every Passenger in the Spring, Summer & Fall 
of the year, that it is scarse passable with Carts, Trucks or any 
heavy carriage, insomuch that the urgent necessity of it's being 
paved has escited the Memorialists, severall of em to Contribute to 
their utmost, & as they humbly conceive, generously towards it; and 
now they all pray the Town to order Sc direct that said Street be 
accepted & register'd as one of the Common Streets of the Town, & 
paved as soon as may be, and that what the Cost thereof shall amount 
to more than the Subscriptions already obtained, being about Eleven 
hundred pounds old tenor, &. what other Subscriptions may be still 
got, be paid out of the Town Treasury, 
Jonathan Loring And Oliver Joseph Gerriah 

James Ooold Joshua Winslow John Dennie Jr 

Jer Green S Waldo Tho' Lechmere 

Onesiphoi-usTileston Benj Faneuil John Wendell 

Edw' Gray Henry Caswall R. A. Apthorp 

Joseph Webb Edm Quincy Thomas Harding 

Joshua Blanchard Jos" Quincy John Traill 

Jcri' Belknap Benj" Pollard 

Joii^ Williams Thomas Oxuard 

J: Oruchy Edw* Tyng 

Jam Forbes Tho: Gunler 

Harrison Gray Step" Groenleaf 

John Scollay Joseph Dowse 

Tim" Green Rob' Auchmuty 

Jn" Hancock Eichii Gridley 

Chas Paxton Fran' Wells 

Nath Perkins Ja' Atkinson 

Jos Lee Thomas Hunt 

Nich' Boylston Ilenry Johnson 

Nath Martyn Richard Clarke 

William Fenwick The Clarke 




Isaac Gridley 
Jabez Hatch 
Joseph KuBsell 
Benj" Barnard 
Benj" Andrews 
J" Wheelwright 
Stephen Clap 
Benj" Pemberton 
Tho- March 
John Salm 
Nat Wheelwright 
John Osborne 
John JefTries 
Ell" Hutchinson 



1863.] 

W™ Lambert 
Chr Tilden 
Timothy Prout 
Hugh Vans 
Jonathan Simpson 
Sam^ (^errish 
' Jacob Wendell 
Jer Oridley 
I Oyerring 
Sam^ Holbrook 
Oeo Bethune 
Thom* Cashing 
Tho« Hubbard 
Sam Hewes 
Jn« Wendell ju"- 
Wa Wheeler 



Hoar Family. 

Tho» Hill 
John Hill 
Sam^ Hood 
Richard Hood 
Alex: Parkman 
Henry Stanbridge 
John Oooch 
Jon<^ Tilden 
Ja" Bontinean 
Nathi^ Bethune 
Thomas Palmer 
Tho» Jackson j' 
Gillam Phillips 
Will Sheaffe 
Ebeni* Swan 
Samuel Tyley 
Jos^ Jackson 



149 



(George Holmes 
Increase Blake 
Jacob Royall 
Ed Winslow 
Joseph Bradford 
And^ Belcher 
Jer« Allen 
William Rand 
Jos Calef 
Tho> Foster Jun' 
Paul Biuney 
John Marshall 
Philip Audebert 
Tho. Goldthwait 
W"* Coffin 
Middlecott Cooke 



m m» m * 



A SKETCH OF THE EARLY MEMBERS OF THE HOAR FAMILY 

AT MIDDLEBOROUGH, MASS. 

[Commnnicated bj Col. Ebbnezbb W. Peibcb, member of the Old Colony Histori- 
e«l, the Pilgrim and the New England Historic-Genealogical Societies.] 

1. Samuel^ Hoar m. Rebecca Peirce, dau. of Isaac Peirce, sen., of 
Hiddleborough. Their children were: (2) Samuel,^ b. Aug. 12, 1716. 
(3) Robert,^ + b. May 23, 1719; m. Ist, Sarah Hoakins of Taunton, 
Jan. 31, 1745; m. 2d, Judith Tinkham, Oct. 4, 1753; m. 3d, Rachel 
Haskins, Nov. 26, 1761. (4) William,^ b. Dec. 30, 1721. (5) Jacob,^ 
b. July 7, 1724. 

3. RoBEBT^ Hoar, by wife Sarah Hoskins, had children: (6) Rebecca,^ 
b. Oct. 12, 1746. (7) Mary,^ b. Dec. 28, 1747. By 2d wife, Judith Tink- 
ham, he had: (8) Peter, ^ + b. July 25, 1754; m. Mercy Peirce of Mid- 
dleborough, Oct. 11, 1782; d. March, 1815; she d. May 20, 1847. (9) 
Sarah,^ b. 1757, d. Nov. 22, 1775; was betrothed to Ebenezer Peirce, 
Jr., of Middleboro', a soldier of the American army, whose life was sac- 
rificed in the cause of his country in the war of the American Revo- 
la tton. This Ebenezer Peirce was one of a family of five sons, four 
of whom were in the Revolutionary army, and three held the commis- 
aian of captain at the same date. He was an uncle of my father 
who bad been christened John, but at the uncle's death his name was 
changed to Ebenezer. 

8. Feter^ Hoar was a soldier of the Revolution; was commissioned 
a lieutenant in 1781, captain, 1793, major, 1797. His wife Mercy was 
the eldest daughter of Gapt. Job Peirce of Middleboro', and Elizabeth 
Ronnseville, his wife, and was b. April 24, 1762. Major Peter Hoar 
was a justice of the peace and was several times representative 
in the general court. 

NoU, — Rebecca the wife of SamueU Hoar was a daughter of Isaac 
Peirce who was the youngest son of Abraham Peirce, sen. of Duz- 
bary. Isaac Peirce with his sons Isaac and Thomas, and daughters 
Mary, Lydia, Mercy, Sarah and Rebecca removed to Middleboro' about 
1710. 



Records of Falmovtk (now Portland), Me. [April 



RECORDS OF FALMOUTH (NOW PORTLAND), ME. 
CuQlinued from page 33. 
InleiUioTtt of Marriage, from the Rtcordi of the Towm of Falmouth 
AljihaheticaUy arranged. 
Strout Christopher with Eliz. Smailey of Provincetown, Nov, 15, 
1739. Sawyer Daniel with Sarah Woodbuiy, Dec. 15, 1739. Sim- 
mons Moaea with Anna Coonies, Dec. 15, 1739. Skillings Bcnj. with 
Mary Pride, March 16,1740. Stevens Be iij. with Sarah Pride, May 
29, 1741. Sargeot Samuel with Mercy Sargent, Jan. 3, 1743. Struut 
Joshua with Sarah Sawyer, Jan. 10, 1743. Sawyer Abrni. with Eliz. 
Graffam of Scarboro, Nov. 7, 1742. Slandford Robert with Abigail 
Yeltou, Sept. 11, 1743. Small Isaac with Susanna Mayo, Oct. 10, 
1743. Sawyer Josiah with Pliebe Strout, Dec. 8, 1743. Smith Rev. 
James with Mrs. Olive Jordan of Biddeford, Jan. 31, 1744. Smith 
John with Mary Hopkins, March 19, 1744. Slemons Wm. with 
Catharine Porterfleld, Sept. 10,1744. Starling Jos. of Little Comp- 
ton with Mary Wooster, April 6, 1746. Stone Archclaus of Scarboro 
with Sarah Weston of Fal., Jan. 3, 1746. Scammon John of Bidde- 
furd with Hannah Robinson of Fal., March 22, 1746. Strout Wro. 
with Anna Dyer. July 30. 1748. Sandford Jueiah with Sarah Wood- 
bary, July 30, 1748. Starbird Nathaniel with Eliz Dyer, Aug. 28. 
1748. Stuhba Richard of N. Marino with Rhodan Russell, Sept. 34, 
1748. Smith David with Sarah Knight, Dec. 25, 1784. Sanford 
Joseph with Priscilla Strout, April 30, 1749. Sweetsir John of N. 
Yarmo with Hannah Purmery of Fal, May 14, 1749. Springer Jere- 
miah with Mary Clark, Oct. 29, 1749. Simmons Moses with Priscilla 
Strout, Feb. 3, 1750. Strout Elisha with fiathahcba Smallcy, April 
13, 1750. Sawyer Jeremiah with Eliz. Horton, Aug. 11, 1750. Saw- 
yer Samuel with Mary Wallis, Nov. 16, 1750. Smalley John with 
Sarah Hopkins, Feb. 9, 1751. Sh.mldis Peter with Christiana Eliz. 
Strawgerin, Aug. 24, 1751. Sanders Tiiomas Jr. of Gloucester with 
Mrs. Lucy Smith of Fal.. Oct. 21, 1751. Skillins Isaac with Mary 
Bracket (married Dec. 18), June 26, 1752. Springer David with Ju- 
dith Tihbets, July 17. 1753. Sawyer Solomon with Ruth Bangs. Sept 
16, 1752. Small John of Scarboro with Mary McKcnney of Fal., 
Oct. 12, 1752. Staple Samuel Jr. with Sybil Winslow, Dec. 
22, 1762. Slunrt Wenlworlh with Susannah Lombard of Gor- 
ham, Jan. 19,1753, Strout Joseph with Sarah Mayo, April 20, 

1753. Strout David with Sarah Parker. Oct. 6, 1753. Sawyer Job 
with Mary Mayo, Oct. 20, 1753. Smith Elijah with Eliz. Euowlee, 
Feb. IS. 1754. Sawyer Zachariah with Sarah Knight, March 8, 

1754. Swectser Beijj. with Sarah Weeks, March 13, 1754. Seward ■ 
Thomas with Hannah Tucker. March 21, 1754. Sweetsir Wm. with' J 

Eliz. , May 31, 1754. Stubs Jountbao with Huldah Dunbar of ■ 

HiDgliam. June 10, 1754. Small Joho with Bethia Merrill, Sept. 18, ^ 
1754. Sawyer Abrm. with Prudence Tarr. Oct. 25. 1754. Starbird 
Nathan witli Eliz. Vickery, Dec. 21, 1754. StcvensThomas with Eliz. 
Knowles, Dec. 27, 1754. Simonton Andrew Jr, with Sarah Arm* 

Btroag, Dec. SI, 1764. Slront Daniel with MaryDelano, Feb, U,. 



186a} Records of Fdmotdh {now Portland), Me. 161 

1755. Sweetaer William with Jaoe Wyman, May 13, 1755. Stevens 
Benj. with Eliz. Bayley, Aug. 2, 1755. SkilliDS Josiab with Susannah 
Winter, Sept. 13, 1755. Sheehan Bryant with Lydia Lynch, Oct. 28, 
1755. Sawyer Anthony with Susannah Martlin, Nov. 7, 1755. 
Shoaldis John with Chaney House, Nov. 6, 1756. Sawyer Ebenezer 
with Sasannah Yeaton (widow, married by Mr. Clark, Feb. 25), Nov. 
12, 1756. Small Daniel with Sarah Nason, Jan. 21, 1757. Small 
Micab with Hannah Higgins, March 24, 1757. Stevens Thos. of 
Pearsontown with Anna Briant of Fal., April 20, 1757. Swan John 
with Allice Strout, May 28, 1757. Small Job with Hannah Gray, 
June 17, 1757. Small Jonathan with Jane Smudy, Aug. 29, 1757. 
Smally John Jr. with Priscilla Strout, Oct. 28, 1757. Small James 
with Hannah Delano, March 3, 1 758. Simonton James with Anne 
Lane, May 22, 1758. Scott Gilbert with Margaret Henderson, June 
17, 1758. Smith Thomas Jr. with Lucy Jones, June 20, 1 758. Stick- 
ney Jacob with Mary Cobham, June 2, 1759. Snow Elisha of Bmns- 
wick with Eliz. Jordan of Fal., Sept. 6, 1759. Small Daniel with 
Mary Dyer, Sept. 29, 1759. Simonton Thomas with Mary Jordan, 
Dec. 7, 1759. Sweetsir Wiggles worth with Susannah Hartford 
(married Jan. 17), Dec. 29, 1759. Staples Stephen with Judith 
Merrill (married April 17), March 22, 1760. Strout Levi with Lydia 
Strout, May 10, 1760. Spawl James of Pemmaquid with Hannah 
Peniman of Fal., May 25, 1760. Sawyer Jere with Hannah Yelton, 
Aug. 22, 1760. Snow John with Abigail Wheeler (married Oct. 21), 
Sept. 18, 1760. Skillins Samuel Jr. with Mary Mitchell, Dec. 18, 

1760. Small Daniel Jr. with Thankful Strout, Jan. 23, 1761. Snow 
Joseph of Brunswick with Hannah Bayley of Fal., Jan. 30, 1761. 
Stront John Jr. with Jerusha Witham, both of Pearsontown, Jan. 31, 

1761. Sawyer Stephen with Deliverance Barton (married July 16), 
July 1, 176L Sawyer Jacob with Mary Butler, Sept. 25, 1761. 
Small Elisha with Abigail Dyer, Nov. 7, 1761. Small Edward Jr. 
with Abigail Jordan, Dec. 26, 1761. Snow Ebenezer with Sarah 
Hicks (married June 15), May 8, 1761. Small Thomas with Mary 
Roberts, May 15, 1761. Sawyer Benj. of N. Yarmo with Rebecca 
Blackstone of Fal., Aug. 7, 1761. Strout George, 3d with Rebecca 
Freeman, Oct. 1, 1761. Strout Jeremiah with Mary Small, Nov. 6, 

1762. Sampson Micah with Abigail Gookin (married Dec. 23), Nov. 
27, 1762. Small Daniel, 3d with Joanna Cobb, Dec. 18, 1762. Saw- 
yer Wm. with Mary Mayo, Feb. 3, 1759. Stinchfield Wm. with Molly 
Bodge (married by Mr. S.), June 24, 176L Stover Jos. with Joanna 
Graves (married by Mr. S.), March 15, 1764. Stover Wanton with 
Thankful Mayo (married by Mr. S.), May 15, 1764. Staple Stephen 
with Sussanah Hobbs (married by Mr. S.), Sept. 20, 1764. Staple 
Daniel with Lucy Staple, Nov. 8, 1764. Shephard John with Sarah 
Worster, Nov. 21, 1765. Swett Joseph with Mehitable Gooding, 
Jan. 8, 1767. Stevens Joshua with Susannah Sawyer, Feb. 5, 1767 
Starling Richard with Rebecca Graffam, Oct. 25, 1767. Shaw Na- 
thaniel with Polly Thomes, Sept. 19, 1784. Stone Jonathan with 
Damaris Elder, Nov. 21, 1782. Sweetser Wm. with Eliz. Morse, Sept. 
9, 1783. Scott Oapt. Andrew with Polly Barbour, Sept. 17, 1794. 

Thomas Michael with Mary Folsome, May 30, 1737. Torry David 
with Eliz. Winslow, Oct 15, 1738. Thrasher Benj. with Jerusha 




^ 
N 




Records of Faimtmtk {now Portland), Me. [April 

White, Nov. IT, 1T40. Thoroes Thomaa with Mary Banfielcl. May29, 
1741. TophuB Jamea with Kate ReyiioiJa, June 11. 1741. Turk 
ADdrew with Sarah Mitchell of N. Tarmo, Sept. 21, 1741. Tracy 
Jonathan with Abigail Riggs, 1743. Trundy John with 

Eliz. Maher, Sept. 4, 1748. Tolman Henry of Andover with Elix. 
Gustin, Sept. 24, 1748. Tucker John with Abigail Sweetsir, Feb. 
19, 1749. Temple Richard with Eliz. Gnatin (widow, married April), 
Oct. 23, 1749. Tolman Henry with Hannah lugersoll, Jan. 7, 1750. 
True Joseph with Joanna Robards, widow, March 2, 1750. Tutlle 
Jamea Jr. with Mary Borrell, April 28, 1760. ThomcB John Jr. with 
Hannah Woodsum, April 27, 1751. Thompaon Nicholas with Han- 
nah Conant, Sept. 6, 1751. Towell Thomas with Lydia Hanscom, 
Jan. 9, 1752. Thomes Thomas Jr. with Abigail Cobb, Jnly 25, 1752. 
Titcorab Edmund Jr. with Martha Swett, Oct. 28, 1752. Tucker Jo- 
Biahwith Molley Thrasher, Nov. 25, 1752. Thompson Paul Jr. of 
Scarboro with Eleanor Winslow of Fal, (married July 51, April 1, , 
1753. Titcomb Benj. with Ann Pearson, May 25, 1753. Torey David , 
with Abiah Merrill, Nov. 17, 1753, Thompson Nathaniel with Su- 
sannah Adams, Aug. IT, 1754. Tobte Matthew with Deliverance ' 
Trott. April 5, 1755. Titcomb Nathan with Deborah Bucknam, Oct 
18, 1755. Todd Alex, with Martha Milk, Jan. 1, 1757. Trundy 
George with Olive Jordan, Nov. 30, 1757. Thorndike Robert with 
Deborah Wallis, Feb. 11, 1758, Tuckey Zebulon with Rebecca 
Skillins, May 18,1758. Tinney George with Bethiah Elwell, May 
9, 1759. Thomas Joseph with Sarah Riker, June 22, 1759. Trott 
Thomas with Sarah Knapp. July 28, 1T59. Thomas Moses with 
Hannah Poland, Feb. 23, 1T60. True John of N. Yarmo with Polly 
Adams of Fal., June 4, 1T60, Trnlt Benjamin with Thankful Brack- 
ett (married Aug. 20), March 7.1761. Thorndike Paul with Bath- 
sheba Emery, June 13. 1761. Thurlo John with Rebecca Waite 
(married June 30), June 13, 1761. Thompson Jaa. Jr. with Sarah 
Crockell (married Jan. 9). Dec. 10, 1761. Thompaon Phineas of 
Gorham with Martha Willard of York, April 23, I76S Thorn Bar- 
tholomew of Pearsontown with Lydia Conch, Jan. 7, 1762. Tenney 
Samuel with Eliz. Atwood, Aug, 22, 1762. Titcomb Nathaniel of 
N, Yarmo with Olive Phips nf Fal,, Jan 22, 1763, Thomas Michael 
with Martha Smith, Sept. 23, 1730. Thomes Wm. with Sarah Col- 
ton (married by Mr S,), July 19, 1763. Thomes Benj. with Sarah 
Marston (married by Mr, S.), Oct. 27, 1763. Toby Wm. with Tabi- 
thaBrackett (married by Mr. S.), Sept. 1, 1773, Tucker Daniel with 
Dorcas Barton (married by Mr. Brown), Feb. 24, 1782. Titcomb An- 
drew with Polly Dole, Dec. 5, 1782, 

Onderwood Joualhan with Hannah Greeley. April 16, 1749. Dp- 
bam Mr, Caleb of Truro with Mrs. Priacilla Allen of Fal,, April 21. 
1755. Underwood Gift with Esther Due, Feb. 19, 1774, 

Varrill Thomas Jr. with Phebc Hopkins, March 2, 1753, Vickery 
David with Lydia Athwood (married by Mr. S., March 6, 1760), Sept. ,, 
7, 1759. Veasy Jeremiah with Eliz. Knight (married by Mr. S., Oct j 
-"1), July 85, 1T6I. ^ 

Winslow Nathan with Charily Hall. April 4, 1T34. White Wm 
with Christian Simonton, Jan. 19, 1T36, Wheeler Henry Esq. wi " 
Mary Eaat, July 14, 1736, Wioalow Job with Margaret Barb« 



1863.J Records of Falmouth {now Portland)^ Me. 153 

Joly 16, 1736. Watt Wm. with Margaret McLellaD, Oct. 28, 1787. 
Woodbury Joshua with Marj Cobb, Dec. 28, 1737. Winslow Benj. 
with Hope Cobb, Aug. 11, 1738. Wilson Gower Jr. with Martha 
Sargent, Oct. 21, 1739. Wattson Eleazer with Eliz. Cogee, Nov. 8, 
1739. Wooster James with Patience Low, March 9, 1740. Wattson 
Eliphalet with Eliz. Phinney of Gorham, April 29, 1740. Watts 
Samuel with Mary Bartlett, April 29, 1744. Weston Joseph with 
Hannah Vickery, May 18, 1746. Wellman John of Attleboro with 
Martha Phinney of Gorham, , 1746. Wbimble James of Bos- 
ton with Betty Strout of Fal., Sept. 7. 1746. Wellman John with 
Martha Phinney, May 15, 1748. Wise Joseph with Eliz. Binney 
(widow of Joseph, dau. of Mr. Pearson), Jan. 8, 1749. Woodman 
David with Mary Adams, Jan. 22, 1749. Webster John with Catha- 
rine Yelton, March 10, 1749. Weeks Wm. with Rebecca Tuttle, 
April 8, 1749. Wildridge Joseph with Mary Swan, May 28, 1749. 
Webb David with Dorothy Peapody, Oct. 28, 1749. Wagg James 
with Mary Crockett, Nov. 11, 1749. Weston Thomas with Patience 
Phinney of Gorham, Feb. 3, 1750. Williams Hart with Martha 
Phinney of Gorham, Feb. 18, 1750. Weeks Samuel with Peggy 
Gooding, April 21, 1750. Walker Micah of New Marblehead with 
Beulah Wooster of Pal., July 14, 1750. Wilson Joseph with Mary 
Swett, Sept. 13, 1750. Winslow James with Ruth Gatchell of 
Brunswick, Nov. 12, 1750. Walker John with Mary Riggs, Oct. 5, 
1751. Weston Mr. Thomas with Mrs. Abigail Robertson, Nov. 16, 
1751. Warrick Benj. with Hannah Mosher, both of Gorham T., Feb. 
28, 1752. Woodbury Peter with Hannah White, Sept. 22, 1752. 
Woodman Stephen with Esther Weeks, Sept. 20, 1752. Watts 
Samuel with Margaret Elder, Sept. 20, 1752. William Thomas with 
Ruth Ray, Oct. 21, 1752. Wyman James Jr. with Lydia Sturdiford 
of N. Yarmo, Feb. 5, 1753. Winslow James Jr. with Ann Huston 
(married July 5), May 14, 1753. Webb John with Eliz. Larrabee 
(died 1827), June 23, 1753. Whitney David with Hannah Brown, 
both of Gorham, Feb. 1, 1754. Woodward Peter of Brunswick with 
Sarah Mariner of Fal., April 6, 1754. Walker George with Eliz. 
Snow, July 20, 1754. Weston Joseph with Catharine Mosher, Sept. 
8, 1755. Warren John with Jane Johnson, Oct. 17, 1755. Wyman 
Francis with Sarah Blethen of Georgetown, Nov. 24, 1755. Wallis 
Josiah with Abigail White (widow, married by Rev. Mr. Clark, July 
22), Jan. 21, 1756. Wood Daniel with Sarah Brackett, March 13, 

1756. Webster James with Patience Webster (widow, married by 
Mr. Clark, Sept. 22), Sept. 4, 1756. Westcott Wm. with Margaret 
Merserve of Pearsontown, Sept. 22, 1756. Wildridge James with 
Isabella Steel, Feb. 5, 1757. Wilkins John with Rebecca Peck, 
March 7, 1757. Welch Wm. of Brunswick with Florence Orr of 
Fal., April 1, 1757. Wesson Edmond with Mary Vickery, June 25, 

1757. Whitney Nathaniel Jr. of Gorham with Susannah Whitney 
of Brunswick, Sept. 27, 1757. Waite Stephen with Abigail Weeks, 
March 20, 1758. Wallis Joseph with Lucy Thorndike (married by 
E. Clark), Oct. 5, 1758. Waite John Jr. with Hannah Jones, Nov. 
16, 1758. Whitney Abel with Thankful Morton of Gorhamtown. 
Dec. 16, 1758. Winship Gershom with Ann Mayberry, both of Mar- 
blehead, June 29, 1759. Walker Micah of N. Marblehead with Eliz. 
Stiusfield of N. Gloucester, Aug. 11, 1759. WinaWp Eptev 



I 



154 Records of Falmouth [now Portland), Me. [April 

EtiB, Mathnf. of New Marblehead, Oct. 13, 1159. Webb Seth with 
HaDnah Winship, both of New Marblehead, Nov. 12, lt59. Weare 
Job. of N. Yarmo with Mary Noyee of Fal., Feb. 23, 1760. Watson 
Isaac with Sarah Cushiug, March 29, 1160. Webb Eli with Sarah 
Cloutman (married July 10), both of New Marblehead), June 13, 
1760. Weatcott Richard with Eliz. Bayley (married by Mr. S., Oct. 
23), June 28, IIBO. Waldo Sanmel, Esq. with Mrs. Clin Grizell of 
BoBtoB, July 6, 1760 Whitney David of Gorhara with Abigail 
Knight of Fal., Oct. 11, 1760. Weslcoat Juaiah with Mary Hoil of 
Scarboro, Nov. 15,1760. Whitney Moses with SiiaaiinaU Crocket, 
both of Gorham, Dec, 27, 1780. Ward Elijah of N. Yar. with Su- 
sannah Bangs (married May U), April 18, 1761. Wallis Benj. with 
Hannah Pcniman. July 4, 1761. Whitney Moses Jr. of Gorham T. 
with Lois Cradiford of Fal, Aug. 28, 1761. Webster Wm. with 
Anna Strout. Oct. 28. 1761. Wiawall Rev. Mr. John with Mrs. Meroy 
Minot of Brunswick, Nov. 21, 1761. Waldo Samuel Esq. with Miss 
Sarah Erving of Boston (married March 9, 1762), Dec. 4, 1761. 
Whitney David of Gorham T. with Rtibecca Edgecom of Fal., Not, 
2S, 1761. Webb John Jr. with Catharine Randall, March 13, 1763. 
Wilson Nathaniel with Anna Huston (married May 27), April S, 
1762. WasB Wilmot with Lucy Stroiit, May 8, 1782. Webber 
Jeremiah with Mary Crow, May 26, 1762. Weeks Benjamin witli 
Jane Osborn, Sept. 25, 1762. Weeks John with Catharine Jordan, 
Oct 25, 1762. Williams Richard with Eliz. Front of Scarboro, Oct. 
29, 1762. Webb Jonathan with Lucy Preble (dan. of Brig. Preble. 
married Jan. 26), Dec. 18, 1762. Wheeler Henry with Mary Good- 
ing (by Mr. Lon|>rellow), Jan. 3, 1764. Waile John with Emma 
Kingeberry (by Mr. S ), April 12, 1763. Winalow Isalhar with Anna 
Thompson (by Mr. S.,) May 31, 1764. Wilson Gowiu with Mary 
Gibbs (by Mr. 3.), Nov. 26, 1764. West Desper with Mary Green 
(by Mr. S.), Nov. 26, 1787. 

York John with Deborah Sawyer, Oct. 27, 1734. Young Henry of 
Pemaquid with Ann Miller of Fal., Sept, 9, 1736. York Samuel with 
Joanna Skillings, Oct. 10, 1736. York Abrm. with Eliz. Howard, 
Feb. 5. 1749. York Abrm. with Lydia Jordan, April 3, 1749. Young 
Thomas of Biddeford with Eunice Robinson of Fal., Oct. 15, 1749. 
Yeaton Samuel Jr. with Mary Sawyer, April 6, 1751, Young James 
a resident in Fal. with Sarah Webber, Aug. 24, 1761. York Benj. 
with Eliz. Washburn of N. Yarmo, Jan, 25, 1752. York Benj. Sd 
with Mary Cummins, May 14, 1757. Yelton Joseph with Jane Lit- 
tle, May 14, 1757. Yelton Stephen with Mary Sawyer (married Aug. 
20), Aug. 1, 1761. York John Jr. with Mary Staple (married by 
Mr, S.). Nov. 8. 1764. 



Job Miller's Jests. — Mr. Hotten, bookseller, London, has lately is- 
sued a fac-simile of the original edition of Joe Miller's Jests, or tke 
Wit's Vade Mecam, The book is literally a fac-simile; the exact form 
of the old type, and all the peculiarities of the original have been re- 
produced on old Dutch paper. The first edition of Joe Miller was 
published in 1739, as a shilling pamphlet, and copiea of it are ex- 
tremely scarce. 



1863.] Mstrads of Early WUls. 165 



ABSTRACTS OF THE EARLIEST WILLS FROM THE RECORDS 
AND FILES AT EAST CAMBRIDGE, MASS., IN THE COUNTY 
OF MIDDLESEX. 

[Prepared by Wm. B. Tbibk, Esq., of Dorchester.] 
Continued from vol. zyi, page 76. 

RoBKBT Best. — I, Robert Best, being sicke io body and yet in pei> 
feet memory, do make this my last will and Testament. My land 
and house at Sndbury, with all the Appurtenances thereto belonging, 
as comons, meadows, wood, &c. I give to my two Nephews, Samwd 
ft Nekemiak Huntf to be equally divided between them, only if eytber 
Setmuel or Nekemiah dy with out issue, then I will that the portion so 
belonging to the party deceased shalbe divided amongst the rest of 
the Children of William Hunt, of Concord. The rest of my Ooodes, 
whether money, or cattle, or graine, now growing vpon the grownd, 
or lying in the barne now to be threshed, with bedding, pewter, 
brasse, or w^ver elce, I give them to the five Children of my Coason, 
WUUam Hunt, only I will that my Red heiffer, and little calfe, shall 
p'sently, vppon my death, belong to IsackeHunt, the profitt of them to 
returne to him, only then he shall have so much the lesse of the other 
goodes, as these two (the Heiffer & y« Calfe) are now worth. And 
whereas, I have 3 guns, I giue them to the three sons of William 
Hunt aforesaid ; & my bible I give to my Couson, Samuel Hunt, I 
give two silver spoones to Elizabeth k Hannah Hunt, to each of them 
one. I give also to Jf Buckley, of Concord, & M^ Browne, of Sud- 
bury, to each of them a potle of wine, and to good wife Meaner, of 
Sadbory, two shillings 6^. & to her sonne, J^^, 1%^, and to her dan. 
\%^. I Appoynt my Couson, Samuel Hunt, my only Execute^. 21*^ 
of Jane 1654. 

Robert x Best 

mark k a Mala. 

Witnesses hereof 

Peter BuUcdy, Tho : Bateman, Nehemiah Hunt, 

Be it knowne that before the Subscribeing & Sealing hereof it is 
appoyntcd by me, Robert Best, that if any of the 5 Children above 
mentioned shall dy before their legacies be payd vnto them, that then 
the portion of those so deceasing shalbe not to Execute' alone, but 
to the rest of the Children Surviveing. 

Tho : Bateman and Nehemiah Hunt deposed before the GoTern^ & 
Magistrates, at Boston 21: 1: 1654. 

Tho: Danfobth Recorder. 

An Inventory of the goodes and cattle of Robert Best, late of Sud- 
bury, in the County of Middlesex, deceased, prized the 12th of July 
1655, by thes6 men, Timothy Wheeler, Tho : Battman, Edmund Goode- 
now, Richard Rice, Hugh Grijjine, In all threescore and nine pounds, 
10« 06<i. Mentions house & laud in Sndbury, £80. 



Mstrads of Early WUU. 



lApril 



Roger Poster. — An Inventory of the Goodea & Chattels of Roger 
I'ortcr, deceased, taken by Tho : Haitings. Richard Beers, 14 : "i^, 1664. 



Tbouas Blancbard. — I, Thomas Blanchard, of CharleBtowne, beiog 
weake in body, but through mercy in Sound memory, do make this 
my last will &, testament. Ynto my wife, Mary Blanchard, and my 
Bonne, Nathanidt, the Vse of the uew End of my dwelling house, and 
tliu dairy house dureing the life of my wife; also, vnto my wife,eight 
Cowes, whereof three or fower are called and knowne by the name of 
her Cowes, also I give vnto my wife, free Sumer feed and wiater 
Slower or food for the said eight Cowes, or so many other Cowes to 
be kept and p'vided for, by my Executo" in all Respects in matter 
of food among their owiie Cowes. I give vnto ray wife, fifty bnshela 
of Corne a yeare, dureing her life, to be payd by my Executo''* 
ycarely, at or before the first of the S'' m". in wheate, Rie, pease, 
barly and Indian, in Equall p''portiona; also, 1 give iny wife one of 
the beda I now ly cm, wilh all things app'teyning there vnto, as ftlso 
one third part of alt other my liousehould stuffe (excepting the bed- 
ding) to be aett out, or apporiOned by my overseers. I give my wiffi, 
my old marc, the aforesaid Cowes, houaehould btuffc & mare to liertmd 
her beyres for ever, I do diepuae and belruat Beniaman Tampion, 
vnto and with my wife to p'vide for, and bring vpin lenrning (at her 
owiiG pleaanre) so sa to fit him for the -vniversity, in case hia parents 
please to leave him wilh her, & shee live to that time. I give vnto 
my Sonne, Samiid, besides all former giflea now in his bands, the 
Sume of four acore pouiides, whereof thirty pouuds to be poyd id 
cattle, vpon valluacOu of ray overseers, at or before the first of the 
9"' month next after my decease, and ten pouuds in Corne, at or before 
the first of the second month following, and ten pounds a yeare, in 
cattle or Corne, at or before the first of the 10"' month, for the space 
of fower yeares following. I give vnto my Sonnes, George k Nathan- 
niell, all my farmc, houseing and appurtenances after my decease, 
vnto them & their heyres forever, excepting as before expressed, to 
the Vae of my wife. I give vnto my Grand Child, Jos^h Blanchard, 
my two teate heiB"er, to be kept for his vse by my Son, George,.]ii» 
father. I give vnto my Reverend & welbelovcd Friend, M' Mathews, 
one Cow, und to the Church of Mauldon one Cow, and to Jn'Sarrit, 40*. 
I give vnto ray sonne, NathanUU, my Colt to Run with the dame vntill 
the firnt of the 10"' mo. next; also, I give vnto NathanUU, my six 
workeing oxen, but Bucke & Sparke to he none of the six, & to 
Gtorgt. my horse. All other my estate of what kind soever not befora 
disposed of, I give vnto my Sonnes, George and NathanuU (my debti 
and Fun^ull Charges Grstdiscounted) who I do make Joint ezecnton 
vnto this my last will ii testament, I appoynt my welbeloved 
Friends, M' Edviard Cellina, & Mr Joseph Hills ray overseers, to whom 
as a Remembrance of my love, I give 10* a peece, beside what my 
Gxecuto^' shall allow for their paines on their occasions: who also I 
do appoynt &impower to approportion the land and estate berebj 
disposed o( as need shalbe, and to Settle tkll other things that mav 
be of doubtful vnderstanding, as to tbem shall seem Just, and equall. 



I 






1863] MitracU of Early Wills. 157 

for the establishment and p^seryacSD of peace, love and vnity among 
all my relacOns. 

th« nurk* of 

Tho: X Blanchabd 

ft Aieale. 

Id the p^sence of 

WUlm. Seargeantf the mark of Jno Barrett^ Joseph HiUs. 

Mem', that wee, Edward Collines & Josqth HUls, who tooke in breife 
notes from Thomas BUmchards mouth the p<^tic'<* expressed in this Will, 
did Ynderstand the reservacOn of his wives dwelling in the hoase, 
and p'vision for eight Oowes to be dureing the time of her Widow- 
hood k not otherwise: witness o' hands this 22 3^ mo. 1654. 

Joseph Hills 
Edwabd Colunes. 

At a Connty Court held at Charlestowne, the 20th 4^^ mo. 1654, 
M^ Joseph HiUs, M^ William Sergeant and Jn^ Barrett, attested vpon 
oath, that the above named 77io: Blanchard, deceased, being of sound 
Judgement & good memory tp their best knowledge, made this his last 
Will & Testament. Tho: Danforth Recorder. 

A true Inventory of all the goodes, lands and estate of Tho: 
Blamchard, of Charlestowne, deceased the 21. S^ mo. 1654. Amt. 
£562.09.08. Taken the 25*^ of the S^ mo. 1654, by Jos^h HiUs, 
Edioard Collines, 

Debts owing by y« testate' to M^ Shrimpton, Mr Ozban, Rich : 

- WalHSf old Burton f Will : HoUoway, Tho : Wibourne, Leivt : Cooke, 

M^ Stoddard^ Edmund Jaaon^ Will, Davis, Tho : Clarke, Joseph Rocke, 

M^ Jnf* Clarke, Tho : Eames, to Parker, M^ Edward Collines, Joseph 

ERUs, Tho : Danforth, 

Charlestowne — 20<^ 4^^ mo. 1654. George Blanchard deposed to the 
estate of his father, Thomas Blanchard, 



Thomas Brigham. — I, Thomas Brigham, of Cambridge, being at this 
p'nt writeing weake in body, make this my last Will. My just debts 
being first Sattisfyed, my will is, that my wife shall have to her owne 
Yse one third part of my estate according to the Law of the Country, 
& to my Eldest Sonne, Tho: 1 give one third p't of the remainder of 
my estate, & the rest of my estate to bo equally between my other 
4 Children, Jn**, Mary, Hannah & Samuel, My will is, that my wife 
shall have the vse of my whole estate dureing her widow hood, for 
the EducacOn and bringing vp of my Children, and in case the Lord 
shall p^vide for my wife by mariage it shall then be at the Will & 
discrec5n of the overseers of this my last Will & testament, whether 
my children with their portions shall continue with her or not, and as 
they see meet to dispose of them and their portions for their Educa- 
con & bringing vp. I Appoynt my wife executrix, and desire my 
Loveing Brethren, 7%o ; Danforth, JnP Cooper, Tho : Fox, Jn^ Hastings 
& William Towne to be Overseers of this my last will & testament 
7ih 10»h mo. 1654. 1653. ISic.] Tho: Brigham. 

his marke A a Male. 

Bead & signed in the p^sence of 

Jn^, Cooper, Jn^. Hastings, Tho: Danforth. 



Abstraett of Early Wills. 



fApri 



158 

At a County Court held nt Cambridge the 3 (8)|"° 
forlh, Jn'. Cooper, Tho : Fox &. Jn" Hastings deponed 

The 10"' of the 12"' mo. 1653. An Inventory of the poodeB A Chat- 
tels of Tktmas Brigkam, lately deceased, taken by Edw. Gnffe, Jw. 
Bridge, Edw : MichSson. Mentions land in Watertowne. a small farme 
at CharleBtowne line, ic. " Daniell Miiettna, a scolchmao, £15;" 
"Anne Ketch 6 yeares to serve, jE8," 

At a County Court held at Cambridge, 3: 8: 1654, Mcrty BrighoM 
Executrix of the w'l'in named Thomat Brigham, deceased, deposed. 
[Sec Genealogy of Brigham Family, by Kev. Abner Morse, 8vo., 
Boston, 18fi9.] 

Thouah Babtlett. — 1653, the 22'i' of Aprill. I give unto my foure 
daughters, Mehitlabell, Hannah, Btlsliuoh, & Abiah, to Eylher of tliem 
£1. 10*. apeice, to be payd vuto them at the age of 18 years respect- 
ively attained, or at y^ aeverall dayes of Marriage w*'' come first. 
And if eyther of my said daughters shall depart this life before the 
prefixed time, then my will is, the portion uf such, so deceasing, 
shalbe divided betwene those of my daughters that shall survive. 
My vfill is, that the rest of my estate of houseing, lands, goodes, 
Chatteie & debts shall Romaine Vnto my wife. Hannah Bartlett. durfr>< 
iog her life, and after her decease two thirds of my houseing and' 
lauds to bo k Remaine to my four daughters before named, or thoM 
of them that out live my wife to be equally devided. If any of my 
Baid dauglitera decoase before my said wife, &ud leave any Children 
(of their bodyes lawfully begotten) then my will is, y' such Children 
shall Injoy the portion or part of the two thirds of the laud given 
to their mother, the other third of my lands & houseing to be at 
my wifes disposeing at her decease, together w"' other goodes ft 
Chattels, not hereby disposed off or before as shee shall have need; 
my meaaeing is, that such houseing, lands, goodes Chattells & debts 
disposed of by this jny will Rhould be & Remaine to those Vnto whom, 
it is hereby given & their heyrcs to their proppev Vse. My will iau 
that my wife, HanmA BartUti, be sole Executrix to this my will, 
Thom". Bartlett. 

In the presence of 

Jn' Shearman, the mark of Edvsard Dix. 

An Inventory of tho houseing, lands, moveable goodea and chat- 
tels of Tho: BaTlltl, Ensigne of Watertowne, deceased, taken by 
Edward Dix, Jn". Shearman, Jn". Coolidge, AmL £181.16. Mentions 
laud by Jn'. PUmings, meadow at Beaver brooke, &c. ■ 



1 
( 

I 



MsMoRiNDDK FROM AK INTERLEAVED AUIAI4AC OF 1808. — Spring 

Cold, abundance of rain. Summer — Uucouimuuly wet, great crop of 
hay. Autumn — Pleasant till November, fruit scuroe; cider four and 
five dollars per barrel; for liquor only. Winttr—iioderhle and but 
little snow. "" 



1863.] Genealogy of the Winshw Family. 159 



GENEALOGY OP THE WINSLOW FAMILY. 

[Prepared hy Johv H. Shbppabo, A. M., of Boston.] 

I, 1. Edward and Magdalen Winslow of Droitwich, Worcester- 
shire, Eng.,1 had five sons and three daughters. The sons all came 
to this coaotry. 

II, The children were: (2) Edward, + b. Oct. 19, 1594 (some say 
1595— see Dr. Savage's Gen, Did., vol. iv, p. 598); m. May 16, 1618, 
Elizabeth Barker, who d. at Plymouth, March 24, 1621, and he m. 
again May 12, Susanna, widow of William White, the first bride 
in the colony: Tanta molis erat Romanam condere gerUem ; he was 
Governor 1633; he d. May 8, 1655, a. 59; she d. October 1, 1680. (3) 
Jokm; + b. April, 1597; came out in the Fortune, November, 1621; m. 
Mary, dau. of James Chilton; removed to Boston as a merchant 1655, 
and d. there 16U, a. 78. (4) Eleanor, b. April, 1598. (5) Kenelm, + 
b. 15*99; m. Ellen, widow of John Adams, 1634; d. at Salem, 1672; 
Ellen d. 1681, a. 83. (6) Gilbert, b. October, 1600; came out with 
Edward in the Mayflower, went back to England, and d. in Portsmouth, 
before 1660. (7) Elizabeth, b. 8 March, 1601. (8) Magdalen, b. Dec. 
26, 1604. (9) Josiah, b. 11 Feb. 1605-6; came out with Kenelm; m. 
Margaret, dau. of Thomas Bourn; settled in Marshfield on north 
bank of Green river; was representative to General Court at Ply- 
month in 1643; town clerk more than 30 years; d. 1674; his widow 
d. 1683. 

III, 2. Children op Gov. Edw. Winslow: (10) Edtoard, and (11) 
Jokn; both d. early. (12) JosiaA, + b. in 1629; m. Penelope, dau. of 
Herbert Pelham, Esq., 1657; governor from 1673 to 1680, when he d. 
at his seat at Careswell, Marshfield; his widow d. 7 Dec, 1703. (13) 
Ehzaheth] m. 1st John (or Gilbert) Brooke; 2d in 1669, Capt. George 
Gnrwin of Salem. 

Ill, 3. Children of John: (14) Jokn, who m. Elizabeth, and then 
Judith; d. 1683. (15) Susannah, who m. Rob. Latham about 1649; 
d. before 1683. (16) Mary, b. 1630; m. Edward Gray 1650-1; d. 
1663. (17) Sarah, m. 1st, Miles Standish, jr., 1660; 2d, Tobias 
Paine, 1665; 3d, Richard Middlecott, and d. 1726. (18) Edward,+ 
b. 1634; m. Sarah Hilton, and 2d, Elizabeth Hutchinson, gr. dau. 
of celebrated Anne Hutchinson; d. 1682. (19) Joseph; m. Sarah; d. 

1679. (20) Samuel, b. 1641; m. Hannah, dau. of Walter Briggs; d. 

1680. (21) Isaac, b. 1644; m. Mary Nowell 1666; d. 1670; and (22) 

1 Mr. William S. Appleton of Boston, who is a descen\c[ant of the first John Wins- 
low in this country, of the seventh generation, informs me that during his recent 
▼iait to England, he saw at the Registry of Probate of Worcester in September 
last, the will of **Kenelme Winslowe," of the parish of St. Andrews, Worcester, 
dated April 14, 1607, proved Nov. 9, 1607. He was evidently old, as his name ia 
written in a weak and trembling hand. He appoints his wife Katherine sole exe- 
cutrix, and speaks of his children and grand children. He was a yeoman. Droit- 
wich from which the New England Winslows emigrated is about 8 miles from Wor- 
eetter, and it is probable that the above Kenelm Winslow was a relative, and potsi- 
bly the grandfather of Gov. Edward Winslow and his brothers. 



Genealogy of the Winslow Family. 



[April 



Benjamin, h. 1653; d. 1673-1676; probably newer in. {Mercy wlio m. 
Arthur Harris, and Ann who m, Le Blond of lioston, are mentioned 
also among 11 children in Moore's Memoirs of American Governori, p. 
133.) 

III, 5. Children of Kenklm: (23) Kenttm, b. 1635; removed to 
Harwich, Cape Cod, (24) H/en, b. 1637; m. Samuel Baker, 1656. (25) 
Nathatiid +h. 1639; ra. Faith, dan. of Rev. J'.hn Miller. 3 August, 1 664 j 
lived in Marsbfield; commanded sloop Mayflower iu 1667; been re- 
presentative to general court. 1689; d. as in epitaph, nu Burying Hill, 
Marsh&eld, 1 December, 1719, in bis Slst year; Faith, his widow, d. 
Nov. 9, 1729, in ber 85tb year. (26) Job. b. 1641 ; removed to Swan- 

IV, 12. OHiLnKEN OP Gov. JodiAH WiNSLow; (27) Elizabeth, b. 
April 8, 1664; in. Stephen Burton, (m Edward, b. May 14, 16C7; 
d. young. (29} Itaac, + b. 1610; m. Sarah dan. of Jolin Hens- 
ley July II, 1700, a descendant of Gov. Thomas Preuce; he was a 
distinguisbcd military character, several years chief justice of court 
common pleas, for 20 years was president of bis majesty's council 
for Massachusetts Bay, and was judge of probate; iu his person tall 
and of noble aspect; in his deportment greatly beloved. He d. Dec. 6, 
1738. in bis 68th year; and his widow d. Dec. 16, 1753, a. 80. 

IV, 18. Chiloben of Eoward: (30) Edward, b, 1669; m. Hannah 
dau. of Rev. Joshua Moody of let church, Boston, who fought against 
the witch Maria, for which he lost his place; Edward was a goldsmith, 
colonel of a regiment, and sheriS' of Suffolk, he had 9 sons and 2 dau., 
the eldest Joshua and yonngest Isaac were principal merchants in 
Boston, 1730 to 1768; 2, William and Samuel, d. at seige of Lonis- 
burgb in 1745; his youngest dau. Elizabeth m. Richard Clark, mer- 
chant, Boston, whose dau. m. the celebrated painter, John S. Copley, 
father of Lord Lyndhnrst and of the widow of Gardiner Greene, 
late of Boston, merchant; and Joshua, grandson of Edward m. 
Elizabeth Savage, and his brother Isaac ni. Lucy, dan. of Brig. 
Gen. Waldo, and Edward, great grandson of Edward, was rector of 
Quincy church, 1764 to 1777, moved to N. York and there d. Oct. 31, 
1780, a. 59. 

IV, 25. Ohildrks ov Nathasiel: (31) Faith, b. June 19, 1666j 
(32) Nathaniel, b. 1687; m. Lydia Snow. (32 o) Jann, b. 16 Au- 
gust, 1669. (33) Giibtrt, b, U July, 1673; m. Mercy Snow, sister 
of Lydia. (34) Kksklm, + b. Sept. 22, 1675; m. Abigail Water- 
man, dau. of Joseph and Sarah Waterman (Joseph Waterman 
was son of Robert Waterman and Elizabeth Bourne, dau. of Thomas 
and Elizabeth Bourne, early settlers in Marsh6e1d; Sarah, wife of 
Joseph, was it is believed from circumstances, dau. of Anthony Snow 
and Abigail Warren, who came ont in the Mayflower.) He d. Jnne 
1, 1767, a.82,audhia wife Aug. 18, 1729, a. 47. (35) Eleanor, h.l&Ti, 
m. July 2. 1699, John Jones, (36) JoHah, h. May 21, 1681; d. May, 
1S82. (37) JoiioA, h. Jan. 13, 1683, was captain of the militia and a 
representative, at the time Guv. Andros was deponed in 1639; d. 
Dec. 1, 1709, in list year. 

V, 29. CaiLDBKN OF Isaac WiNSLow : (38) /crioA, b. July 27, 1701, 
grad. H. H., 1721, killed by French and Indians at St, George's rivers J 



1863.] Genealogy of the Window Family. 161 



ly May, 1, 1724. Oapt. WinslowfcU intrepidly in an ambush, snr- 
roaoded by 30 canoes of the sayages. (39) John, -{- b. May 2t, 1702, m. 
Mary Little, Feb. 16, 1726, succeeded to the Careswell estate; was 
colonel in the expedition to Nova Scotia, 1755, commander-in-chief at 
Fort William Henry on Lake Erie, 1756. G^n. Winslow has been 
blamed for the cruel removal of the Acadians in 1755, the foundation 
of Evangeline by our great American poet; 7000 were victims of 
this barbarity. He probably acted under orders emanating from 
"Reasons of State," for Gen. Winslow was eminently a kind-hearted, 
generous man. He m. a 2d time, viz: the widow Johnson; d. at Hing- 
ham, April 17, 1774, a. 72. (40) Fenelope, b. Dec. 21. 1704; m. James 
Warren, Jan. 30, 1724. (41) Elizabeth, b. Dec. 13, 1707; m. Benjamin 
Marston of Salem, Nov. 20, 1729; their dau. Patience m. Elkanah 
Watson, whose son Marston m. Lucy Lee and was father of Rev. John 
Lee Watson, D. D., of Boston, chaplain at the Navy Yard, Charles- 
town. (42) Anna, b. Jan. 29, 1709; d. at Boston, 1723. (43) Edward, 
b. June 7, 1714; grad. at H. U. 1786; m. Mrs. Hannah Dyer; in the 
Revolution fled as a loyalist to Halifax, where he d. 1784, a. 70; for 
several years he had been Register of Probate. 

V, 84. Children of Eenelm and Abigail Winslow: (44) Sarah, b. 
Dec 8, 1704; who probably m. Tobias Paine of Boston, Oct. 14, 1728, 
(45) Naihamd, b. April, 1709; drowned in North river. May 24, 1734, 
a. 25. (46) Abigail, + b. June 25, 1712; m. Rev. Isaiah Lewis of Hing- 
ham (see p'. 7, Register for Jan. 1863), June 25, 1730; d. April 13, 1776, 

a. 64. (47) FaUh, b. Feb. 2, 1716. (48) Ktndm, b. Nov. 5, 1717; m. 
Abigail Bourne of Barnstable; d. Aug. 13, 1780, a. 63; and his wife 

d. June 21, 1761, a. 32 (his son Kenelm was the last resident on ^ 
the family estate and is said to have removed to Kennebec, Maine, 
and died there). (49) Eleanor, b. June 17, 1718; d. April 12, 1719. 
(50) Joseph, b. Oct. 1724; removed to Boston as a merchant, failed 
and involved his brother Kenelm, so that the ancestral estate was 
lost. 

VI, 39. Children of John Winslow: (51) Felham, b. June 8, 1737; 
grad. at Harv. Univ., 1753, attorney at law; m. Joanna White; was a 
loyalist in the Revolution, and a major in the British army at Long 
Island in 1776, where he cl. His widow returned to Plymouth and 
d. there 1829, a. 84. (52) Isaac, + b. April 7, 1739; m. 1st, Elizabeth 
Stockbridge; 2d, Fanny Gay. 

VII, 52. Children of Dr. Isaac Winslow: (53) Elizabeth, b. Nov. 

14, 1769; m. Kilburn Whitman, June 5, 1788. (54) Ruth Stockbridge, ^ 

b. Dec. 17, 1771; m. Ist, Josiah-Shaw, March 23, 1793; m. 2d, Thomas ^ 
Dingley, March 12, 1801. (55) John, + b. at Marshfield, July, 17, 1774; 
m. Susan Ball of Northboro, 1800; was an eminent lawyer; and d. at 
Natchez, Miss., Aug. 24, 1822. (56) Sarah,h, Aug. 14, 1775; m. Eben- 
ezer Clapp, who was b. 1779, grad. at H. U. 1799, and settled 

in Bath, Maine; representative in General Court of Mass., 1813, and for 
several years judge of Court of Sessions; andd. Jan. 28, 1857. (57) 
Itaae, b. April 12, 1777; and d. 1778. 

VIII, 55. Children of John and Susan Winslow: (58) John, b. at 
Northborough, June 28, 1801; d. at St. Peters, W. I., August, 1825. 
(59) Elizabeth Stockbridge, b. at Bath, Maine, Feb. 27, 1803; m. Rev. 
Seneca White in 1826; who grad. at Dartmouth College 1818, and 

11 



162 Genealogy of the Lewit Family. [April, 

was settled in the ministry at Bath 1823, and at Wiacaeset in 1831. ' 
(60) Franca Gay, b. at Duxbury, March 13, 1805. (61) Penelope Pd, 
ham, b. at Doxbnry, April 9, 1807; m. George W. Nichols, Esq., now 
of Boston, and formerly clerk of the courts, Wiscasset, Maine, Oct. 
15, 1838. (62) Pdham. b. at Duxbury, Feb. 9, 1809; d. at Boston. 
Aug. 19, 1832. (63) Isaac, + b, at Hanover, Feb. 22, 1813; mer- 
chant of Boston; m. AbbyProthingbani Gay, March 2, 1848, and with 
his son Edward Gay, b. Jan. 0, 1840, are now the only lineal male 
descendants of Gov. Edward Winslow. (64) Edward, b, at Hano- 
ver, Dec, 1815; d, June 32, 1816. (65) Edward Josiak, b. at Marah- 
field, Oct. IT, 1822: d. there March IT, 1824. 



GENEALOGY OF THE LEWIS FAMILY. 



[Prepared liy John H. Hhbpp*rd, A. M., of Boalon.) 
I. Oboroe Lewis came out here before 1633 from East Greenwich in 
Kent, Bng.; m. Sarah Jenkins of that country, sister of Edward Jen- 
kins, clothier; who afterwards emigrated to Plymouth. Mr. Lewis 
was dismissed from the Plymouth Church in 1634, and joined the 
church in Scituate, as appears by the church records, Sept. 20, 1635, 
where he had lauds; he was enrolled in the list of freemen at New Fly- 
mouth, March 1, 1636, and removed to Scituate, where with certain 
freemen in 1631 he petitioned the court for more land, his allotment 
being insufficient for his support, and the petition was granted. From 
thence he removed to Barnstable in 1640, where he resided till his 
death, which in Farmer's Genealogical BtgUttr, p. 1 78, is slated to 
have been March 26, 1676, when "he was killed by the Indians at 
Blackfltone farm; " hut this is an error, as the date applies to his son; 
for he died in 1663, as his will was presented for probate at Barn- 
stable, March 3, 1662-3. See N. E. Ilis. aiul Gen. RcgUler, vol. vi, p. 
185; also Savage's Getuat. Dictionary. 

IT, 1. CfflLORKS OF George Lewis: (2) Mary, b. about 1623, m, John 
Bryant of Scituate, Nov. 14, 1613, d. 1656. They had seven children. 
(8) Thomas, -f b. in England; m, Mary Davis, June 15, 1653; was one 
of the first settlers of Swanaey, and selectman there; twice m. 
(4) George, + b. in England; m. Mary, dau, of Barnard Lombard 
of Scituate, December, 1654; d. Match 20, 1710. (5) James, + b. 
1631 in Scituate; m. Sarah Lane Oct. 31, 1655, dau. of George Lane 
of Hingham; was admitted freeman in 1658; was selectman of Baru- 
atable, 1660, 1679 and 1681 {Ptymoutk Col. Rctordi), and from his 
military rank was called in the records, Lieut. Lewis. There was 
a " Select Court " in each town, and he was appointed one of the three 
justices for Barnstable; d, Oct. 4, 1713, a. 82. (6) John. b. at Scituate 

Oct, 29, 1637; ni. Margaret . In the year 1676,- the time of that 

bloody and destructive war with the Indians under King Philip, he 
was in the battle called " Pierce's fight," which took place in Rehoboth 
near Mount Hope, the residence of that celebrated Sachem. Capt. 
Michael Pierce of Scituate commanded the brave band, consisting of 



1863.] Genealogy of the Lems Family. 163 

68 EngliBh and 20 Cape Cod Indians. They were decoyed by the 
wily foe into an ambush, surrounded by 500 Indians, and after fight- 
ing heroically were nearly all slain, save only 8 English and 10 
Indian allies, who escaped. John Lewis was slain in this battle, 
which took place on the sabbath day, March 26, 16*70, in his 39th 
year; he had only one son, b. July, 1638. (7) Ephraim, b. at Barn- 
stable, July 23, 1641, and bap. 25th. In Dr. Stiles' copy of Records 
of Ckurekes of ScUuate and Barnstable is the following: '* 28 Oood- 
man Lewis, Sr., joined September 20, 1635," and again, "Ephraim 
son of George Lewis, July 25, 1644." (See N. E. His, and Gen, 
Register, vol. iz, p. 282. P. S. This is named because Ephraim and 
Edward were supposed by Mr. Drake to be the same person. The 
will of George Lewis, exhibited Mar. 3, 1663, at Barnstable, speaks 
of both. 22^.. vol. VI, p. 185.) (8) Sarah, b. Feb. 2, 1643; m. Dec. 
26, 1663, 1st James Cobb and 2d Jonathan Sparrow, Nov 23, 1698. 

(9) Nathaniel, + b. 1645; ra. ; removed to Swansey, where he 

— had a son Nathaniel, 1613; he d. Oct. IS, 1683. (10) Joseph, + b. 
1647; m. Mary Jones; removed to Swansey, and was killed by the 
Indians in the war, June, 1675 (Deane's IKst, of Sdtuaie, p. 303); 
he left two children. (11) Edward, m. Hannah Cobb, May 9tb^ 
1661. 

Ill, 3. Children of Thomas: (12) James, b. Mar. 31, 1654. (13) 
Thomas, b. July 15, 1656. (14) Mary, b. Nov. 2, 1659. (15) Samuel, 
b. May 14, 1662, who d. early. And by second wife: (16) Samuel, b. 
April 23, 1673. (17) Hepzibah, b. Nov. 15, 1674. 

Ill, 4. Children op George: (18) George, b. Sep., 1655. (19) Mary, 
b. May 9, 1657. (20) Sarah, b. Jan. 12, 1660. (21) Hannah, b. 
July, 1662; d. 5 y. old. (22) Melatiah, b. 1664. (23) Bathsheba, b. 
Oct. 1667. (24) Jabez, b. June 10, 1670. (25) Benjamin, b. Nov. 22 
1671. (26) Jonathan, b. July 25, 1674. (27) John, b. Dec. 1, 1676. 
(28) Nathan, July 26, 1678. 

Ill, 5. Children of James: (29) John, + b. Oct. 29, 1656, bap. by 

Mr. Hobart; he settled in Hingham; m. Hannah dau. of Daniel 

Lincoln, Nov. 17, 1682. In the Register, vol. v, p. 263, there is a cer- 

> tificate signed by 60 or 70 of the first citizens of Hingham, and the 

t Bev. Nathan Hall' and wife, Feb. 7, 1708-9, testifying to the good 

' cEaracier of the widow Mahitable Warren of Plymouth, " a woman 

of great affliction by reason of many distempers of body," unjustly 

accused of witchcraft. John and Hannah were among these signers. 

John d. Oct. 30, 1715; Hannah d. Nov. 5, 1715. (30) Samuel, b. 

April 10, 1659. (31) Sarah, b. Mar. 4 1661; m. 1st, Thomas Lincoln, 

Jan. 6 1685; m. 2d Robert Waterman. (32) James, b. June 3, 1664. 

(33) Susannah, (34) Ebenezer (Farmer's Register says, p. 178, there 

were 10 children), d. Oct. 4, 1713, in 82d year. 

Ill, 9. Cfl^J)REN OP Nathaniel: (35) Nathaniel, b. 1678; d. Oct. 13, 
1673. 

III, 10. Children op Joseph: (36) Joseph, + b. Jan. 6, 1672; m. 
. Sarah Marsh, dau. of Thomas Marsh of Hingham, Feb. 3, 1702-3, 

and resided at Hingham. (37) SybiU, b. 1674. The Hon. James 
Lewis of Pepperell, Mass., came from this family. 

IV, 29. Chiij)ren op John Lewis: (38) John, b. Oct. 16, 1683. (39) 
Damiel, b. Sep. 29, 1685; grad. at H. U., 1707, taught grammar -«»»"«'i 



164 Genealogy of the Lewis Family. [April, 

iu Hinghfttn, until 1112, theu settled in the ministry at Pembrofee. 
Rev, Daniel Lewis d. June 29, 1753. (Since the above wao written 
the following has been obtained: Rev. DaTiiel Lewis^ m. Elizabeth 
HawkesorHiugham; theironly son Dflni>7''m. Sarah dao. of ElishaBia- 
bee of Hingham, commonly called the " honest lawyer;" their second 
Bon William« m. ChristiaDa While" of Marshfield, Feb. 14, ITTS, 
lineal descendant of William and Susannah White, who caroe ont in 
the May Flower; their son William^ m. Welthea Sampson, Not. 4, 
1801; and their son Benjamin^ m. Nancy Frost March 2, 1834, and 
now resides in South Boston; tliey have children.) (40) HannaA,h, 
Jan. 10, 1687-8. (41) Sarah, b. July 12, ICSO. (42) Sbmimw, b. 
Jan. 5, 1692-3; d. Feb. 26, 1692-3. (43) RacJirt, b. June 19, 1694. 
(44) Svsanna, b. Dec, 9, 1697. (45) Mary, b. June 2, 1700. (46) 
Rev. Isaiah Lewis, + b. June 10. 1703, grad. H. D.; m. Abigah, daa. j 
of Kenelui and Abigail Winalow, June 25, 1730, and d. Oct. 3, 1784, ] 
a. 83. See ante Jao. No. p. 7. 

IV, 36. Children of Joseph: (47) Jostph, h. Dec. 1, 1705; grad. at 
H. U. 1725; was a merchant in Boston; removed to Hingham where be 
was ateacher forseveral years; d. Jan. 14, 1786. (48) Thomas, h. Sept. 
30, 1707; grad. at H. U. 1738; studied divinity; m. Mary Law bod, 
1730; preached occasionally; d. April 4, 1787, (There was also Jamea 
Lewis, son of Joseph, b. Sept. B, 1703; grad. at H. U. 1731, and 
taught Bchool in Marshfield, where he died; but there is much uncer- 
tainty whether he is a brother of this Joseph, and I do ■nofnuraber 
bim. See Liucolu'a Hitlory of Ilingham, p. 120.) 

V, 46. Children of Ricv. Isaiah Lewis: (49) ftaitnah, b. Sept. 1731, 
at WellSeet; m. Rev. Joseph Green, whose son Isaiah Lewis Green, 
giad. at H. Q. 1781, was member of Congress in 1806 to 1809, and 
again 1811 to 1813, afterwards collector of port of Barnstable. (50) 
Wimkvt ifriCM, + b. at Wellfleet, July 3, 1738, sea captain, m. Mary 
dau. of Willard Knowles, Sept. 12, 1765; he resided at Eastham, was 
one of the selectmen of Wellfleet in 1177, d, July, 1801, a. 63. Hia 
wife d. Jan. 31, 1807, and was buried iu Copp's Hill cemetery. Boa- 
ton. 

VI, 50. Children OF WiN3Low Lewis; (51) jIS^aj/, b. June22, 1766; 
d. June, 30, 1767. (52) Ahi^U, + b. Oct. 25, 1768, m. Samuel Austin 
of Charleetown, clerk in the Secretary of State's office many years, d. 
June 26, 1812, a. 43, buried at Copp's hill. (53) Winblow Lewis, + 
born May 11. 1770, m. Ist. Elizabeth Greenough, Nov. 7, 1793, who 
d. Jan. 11, 18*2; 2d, m. Martha S. Hurlburt; he d. May 20, 1850, a. 
80. See Jan. No. p. 8. (54) Morj.+b. Sept. 8, 1772; m. Daniel Woods 
of Marlborough, Mass.; d. Dec. 24, 1834, a. 62. (56) Hannah. + b. 
June 17, 1774, m. John W. Brigham of Marlborough; d. May 7, 1801, 

a. 26. (56) ItaiaA + b. June 14, 1776, m. Harriet Cox, 1 Dec. 1805, 
she d. 9 Feb. 1861, a. 77 ; he d. at sea April 20, 1822, a. 45. (57) Ifaney, 

b. May 7, 1778; ra. John S. H. Cox of Reading; d. Dec. 10, 1803, a. 35. 
(58) Joieph Wcbrrtn. + b. Sept, 20, 1784; m. Nancy Lane; d. May H, 

1844, a. 59. (59) Ata I>a£kard, + b. July 27, 1786; m. Catharino 
Caunel Nov. 8. 1807; he was lost in English channel 1812; and she 
d. July 13, 1856. (60) Sally Greewmgh, h. May 17, 1789; d. July 1, 

1845. a. 56. (61) Henry. + b. July 22, 1792; m. Sophia, dan. Simeoi 
Draper of Brookfield, where he d. Sept. 9. 1860. a. 68. 



1 



1863.] Genealogy of the Lewis Family. 165 

YUy 52. Children of Abigail and Samuel Austin. (62) Samuel, b. 
Nov. 26, 1791; d. Sept. 15, 1858, a. 66. (63) WUliam, b. Aug. 29, 
1193, bap. by Rev. J. Lathrop; d. May 13, 1791. (64) John, b. June 
1, 1795, bap. by Rev. Jed. Morse; d. March 7, 1850. (65) Abigail 
Lewis b. Oct 2, 1797; d. Sept. 19, 1800. (66) WiUiam, b. Nov. 27, 1799; 
m. Ellen A. Chase, Cape of Good Hope. (67) Abigail, b. at Ports- 
month July 16, 1801; d. Nov. 11, 1801. (68) Edward, b. at Ports- 
moath, Jan. 17, 1803; bap. by Rev. Joseph Buckminster. (69) 
Lewis, b. at Portsmouth March 30, 1805; bap. by Mr. Buckminster; 
d. at sea. (70) Charles, b. at Boaton, May 28, 1806; bap. by Rev. 
Charles Lowell; d. at sea. (71) JEmmeline, b. at Boston, Nov. 27, 
1808; bap. by Dr. Lowell; m. by same, to William Wadsworth of 
Genesee, N. Y., since deceased. 

VII, 53. Children op Winslow Lewis, grandson of Rev. Isaiah Lewis: 

i72) Winslow Lewis, M. D.,+b. July 8, 1799, at Boston; m. Emmeline 
an. of Benjamin Richards, Esq., of New London, Conn., Feb. 22, 
1828, by Rev. Bethel Judd. (73) Frederic, b. July 31,1801, at Boston; 
d. May 4, 1827, a. 25, bur. in South Cemetery, Boston. (74) Gustavus, 
b. at Boston Nov. 17, 1803; d. Dec 16, 1822, a. 19, bur. South Ceme- 
tery. (75) Ann Elizabeth, b. Aug. 1, 1805; d. Oct. 27, 1805. (76) 
Betsey Greenough, b. Aug. 19, 1806, at Boston; d. Oct 17, 1807. (77) 
JuHa Ann, b. May 29, 1808; d. Oct. 6, 1809. 

VII, 54. Children op Mary and Daniel Woods: (78) Mary Car 
roUne, b. June 21, 1805, at Boston. (79) Darnel Waldo, b. May 19, 
1807; d. March 15, 1857; murd. a. 49. (80) Helen Louisa, b. Aug. 
18, 1809; m. Wm. Montgomery, May 18, 1834. (81) Abigail Austin, 
b. June 8, 1811. (82) Alpheus Winslow, b. April 16, 1814. One more 
son who d. immediately after birth. 

VII, 65. Children op Hannah and John W. Brigham: (83) Mary 
Ann. (84) Hannah. (85) John Winslow, and (85 a) Helen. 

VII, 66. Children of Isaiah Lewis: (86) Susanna Hickling, b. Aug. 
24, 1806; m. Joseph Willard, Esq., son of the late Pres. Joseph 
Willardof Harv. Univ., Feb. 24,1830; Mr. Willard grad. at Harv. 
Univ. 1816, studied law in oflBoe of Hon. Charles H. Atherton of Am- 
herst, N. H., and at the Cambridge Law School, practised law ten 
years at Lancaster, Mass., was clerk of C. C. P. 1840, and is pow 
clerk of the Superior Court. (87) Isaiah Wm, Fenn, b. June 15, 1808; 
m. Ellen Doane of Boston, Oct. 1840; d. Oct. 18, 1855, a. 47; bur. at 
Mt. Auburn. Mr. Lewis was a topographical engineer, and it was 
he — ^not his uncle Winslow Lewis (see Memoir of Dr. W. Lewis, p. 
9) — who introduced ** the present mode of illumination in our Ame- 
rican light houses." Isaiah W. P. Lewis went to France on this 
account, spent two years there, became intimate with Fresnel the 
originator of this great improvement, and after much newspaper 
discussion, opposition in high places, and frequent discouragement, 
sacceeded in introducing it in this country about 1844; since which 
it has become not only popular, but very general. 

VII, 58. Children op«Joseph Warren Lewis: (88) Joseph Henry, b. at 
Boston, Feb. 7, 1809; d. Dec. 10, 1813, a. 6 years. (89) Julia Ann, 
b. March 20, 1811; m. Ch. Fred. Herreshoff of Providence, May 20, 
1833, by Rev. J. Motte. (90) Caroline Louisa, b. Feb. 18, 18ia 



ept. 10, 
1, Aprils 



166 Qenealog]/ of the Lewis Family- [ApriM 

(91) Elizabetk Granough, b. Nov. 25, 18H. (93) Mary WliuloK, bj 

March 25, ISlt. 9 

VII, 59. CbildrenofA34 Packard Lewis: {9Z) Winslow,b.Apu\29M 

1809 at Boston; d. Sept. 28, 1814, at Medford. ■ 

VII, 61. Children OF Henbt Lewis: [9t) Henry Auguatui.b. June 39M 
1818; d. Nov. 1819. (96) Sophia Augusta , b. June 21, 1821; d. SeptM 
1822. (96) Joseph Warren, b. Judb T, 1823; m. Ann Kidder of BoM 
ton, Nov. 9, 1848. (97) Henry, b. Dec. 21. 1824; m. Fauny H. WdPl 
80D, Sept. 4, 1849. (98) Mary Draper, b, Feb. 28, 1826; m. Chariea 
Brewster, Dec. 27, 1854. (99) Walter Herron, b. Nov. 5, 1828; m. 
Arabella Dasli of New York. (100) Sophia, b. July, 1830, at Brook- 
lyn, N. T.; d. at Boston, Aag., 1822. (101) Sarah Ann, b. Sept. 10, 
1834, at Brooklyn, N. Y. (102) Wiiliam Draper, b. Brooklyo, i ' 

' Yin," 12. Children of Winslow Lewis, M. D.: (103) Wirulow 1 
b. Jan. 4, 1829; d. Juue 8, 1831, of Scarlatina. (104) Elizabeth C 
oit^A.-1-b. Dec. 1, 1831; m. George H. Gay, M.D., Nov. 31, 1865. (105) 
Maria Richards, b. April 20, 1834; m. Warren Fisher, Jr., merchant, 
Boston, Nov. 3, 1855; d. Jan. 9, 1859, a. 24 y. 8 m. 20 d. (106) 
Frederic Winslow. b. Jan. 25, 1836; d. of Scarlatina, Juue 4, 1839. 
(107) James (name by Legislature altered to Winslow 3d), b. Feb. 
25, 1839; d. of Scarlatina, May. 25, 1849; a. 10 years. (108) Emtf 
tine, b, April 18, 1841; m. Arthur Cheney, merchant of Boston, Oct. 
29, 1860, io Trinity Church by Rev. Dr. Nicholson. 

VIII, 86. Cbildbkn of Joseph and Sdsanna H. Willarb: (109) Mai. 
Sidney WiUard, b. Feb. 3, 1831; grad. at H. U., 1852; d. gloriously in 
the attack on Fredericksburgh, Dec. 13, 1862; his remains were 
brought liome to Boston, and after public obsequies at the West 
church, largely attended, they were conveyed to Mount Auburn. 
(110) Theodora, b, Jan. 1, 1833. (Ill) Joseph, b. Dec. 6. 1834. 
(112) Robert, b. Dec. 8,1838, (113) Susanna, b. Aug. 6, 1843; d. 
Aug. U, 1845. (114) Siisannah, b. March 14, 1845. (115) Richard 
Keneim, h. May 14, 1852; d. Feb, 1, 1855. (Major Willard was killed 
while acting as Colonel of the 35th Massachusetts Regiment, in lead- 
ing his troops over the river Rappabanoock; much lamented, re- 
spected and beloved by all who knew him, of unblemished character, 
celebrated as a gymnast, pedestrian and oarsman, a man of fine 
taste and genius and of thorough and extensive culture. His gem 
of A Night in a Wherry, which appeared in the Atlantic Monthly, Oct., 
1861, reminds ns of De Foe's peculiar power of narrative. Such » 
loss is one of the calamities of this execrable, ititernecioe war into 
which we have been driven. Could the spirit of that scholar, who 
oDce presided over the Academic Halls of Cambridge, look dow ~ 
from his happy seat, as Anchises did in the Glysian plains, wool 

he Dot exclaim, if Lis grandson could but have lived ? 

" Ta Mari'«Uu3 eria. M&nibus rlaie lilia plenia ; 

pDrpurcoB Kpaigun norw, Kniuiiimqut- uupoIU 

His saltern aouumuUiu douis." — .£«., book vi.j 

IX, 104. Children or Da. George H. Gay: (116) Frederic Z«m,| 

Oct. 28, 1857; christened by Rev. Alexander H. Vinton, D. D., at g 

Paul's Church on Fast Day, 1857. (117) George Henry, h. March 1 

1861; christened Jan., 1862, by Rev. Caleb D. Bradlee. 



J863.] Genealogy of the Greenough Family. 167 



GENEALOGY OF THE GREENOUGH FAMILY. 

[Prepared bj John H. Shbppabd, A. M., of Boston.] 

I, WnxiAX Greenough, + born in England, 1639, sea captain: m. 
Rath, dau. of Thomas Swift of Dorchester, Mass., the 10th day of Oct., 
1660, by whom he had 6 children; and m. 2d, Elizabeth Rainsford, by 
whom he had 5; he d. Aug. 6, 1693, a. 53 years, and was buried at 
Gopp's Hill cemetery; the gravestones are still traceable near the 
centre of the ground. 

II, 1. Children op William Greenough: (2) Mary, b. Nov. 28, 

1662; m. Stone. (3) Anna, b. May 23, 1665. (4) Luke, b. Feb. 10, 

1667; m. Abigail . (5) WUliam, b. Feb. 20, 16T0; m. Elizabeth 

Mather. (6) John, + b. Feb. 17, 1672; m. Elizabeth . (7) Samuel, 

b. Aug. 31, 1676. (8) Consider, b. March 7, 1677. (9) Neuman, b. April 
2, 1681. (10) Edward, b. July 8, 1684; m. Rebecca Haggett, Sept. 
10, 1703. (11) Elizabeth, b. June 8, 1686. (12) Anne, b. May 6, 1688. 

III, 6. Children op John Greenough: (13) Mary, b. Aug. 15, 1696; 

m. Bridge. (14) John, b. July 17, 1699; m. Sarah. (15) WxUiam, 

b. July 5, 1701. (16) Elizabeth, b. July 7, 1703. (17) Abigail, b. Aug. 
8, 1705. (18) Newman, b. May 6, 1708; m. Elizabeth Mountfort, Sept. 
6, 1780. (19) Dea. Thomas, + b. May 6, 1710; m. Ist, Martha Clark, 
dau. of William Clark, an eminent merchant of Boston; 2d, m. on the 
24th May, 1750, Sarah Stoddard; he d. Aug. 16, 1785, a. 75; buried at 
Copp's Hill; she d. March, 1778. (20) Jtrusha, b. Dec. 28, 1711; m. 
John Baker, Nov. 21, 1728. (21) Samuel, b. June 26, 1714. 

rV, 19. Children op Dea. Thomas Greenough: (22) Sarah, b. at 
BoetoD, Aug. 26, 1735; m. Alexander Edwards. (23) Martha,\i, Dec. 
12, 1736; m. Capt. Stone of old York. (24) Thomas, jr. + of Boston, 
b. May 8, 1738, mathematical instrument maker; m. Ann Hobby, Jan. 
20, 1761; d. at West ford, Aug. 11, 1775. (25) WiUiam, b. May 9, 
1740; d. young. (26) John, + b. April 4, 1742; grad. Y. C. 1759; m. 
Mehitable Dillingham of Harwich, Oct. 16, 1766; lived at Wellfleet; 
d. July, 1781; she d. Aug. 25, 1798, a. 51. (27) WUliam, b. Dec. 19, 
1743; d. young. (28) E/izaie/A, m. Eleazer Brooks, May 27, 1777. (29) 
Mary, m. John Savage. (30) Jerusha, m. Lepear Crafts. (31) David 
Stoddard, + b. July 31, 1752; m. widow Ann Doane, May 11, 1784, 
whose maiden name was Ann Hough; he d. Aug. 26, 1826; she d. 
July 9, 1849. (32) William, -f b. June 29, 1756; grad. Y. C. 1774; 
settled as minister at Newton; m. 1st, Abigail Badger, June 1, 1785; 
2d, m Lydia Haskins, May 22, 1798; d. Nov. 7, 1831 at Newton, a. 
75. (33) Chauncy, b. March 25, 1760. 

V, 24. Children of Thomas Greenough, Jr.: (34) Rachd, + b. in Bos- 
ton, 1763; m. Jonas Brooks, son of Joshua Brooks, a farmer of Lin- 
coln, Mass., March 6, 1786; lived at Pepperrell, Mass; at Augusta, Me., 
in 1804; and removed to Wiscasset, 1809-10, where he d. Sept. 28, 
1850, nearly 90; she. d. Sept. 15, 1852, a. 89. (35) Ann, + b. Aug. 
24, 1765, at Boston; m. 1st, Elisha Bangs of Harwich, Nov. 2, 1786; 
2d, John Bright; 3d, John Paine, July 6, 1836; she d. Jan 23, 1855, 
a. 89. (36) SaUy, + b. in Boston, m. William Cordwell, Nov. 26, 



Gtnetdogy of the Greenough Family. 



[Aprai 



naS; d. in Boston, a. 19; buried on Copp's Hill. (37) EH2ahttA,-^-i 
b. in Boston, Aug. 17, 1771; m, Capt, Winblow Lewis. Nov. 7, 1793(1 
andd. Jan. 11, 1843, a. 70; buried iu South cemetery, Itostou. 'J 

V. 26. Chilbrkm of John: (38) a daughter, b. at Wellfleet, Oofcl 
4, 1767; d, same day. (39) S<irah, li. Sept. 3, 1708; drowned Not.] 
30, 1788. (40) Join, b. July 18, 1770; d. April 11, 1789. (41) Wil- 
liam, + b. Jan. 6. 1772; m, Ist, Mary Moore of Boston April S4, 17941 
elie d. Jan. ID. 1809, a, 32; in. 2d, Mary Hsrrod of Eaverliill, April 15, 
1811. (42) David. + b. June 24, 1774; lived in Boston; m. Betsey 
Bender of Marlboro', Oct. 4, 1799; d. July, 1636. (43) Abigail, b. 
Dec. 28, 1776. (44) Mdiitabk, b. April 18, 1779; d. at Boston, May 
23, 1781. (45) Mthitahk, h. at Boston, May 3, 1781; d. at Boston, 
Aug. 23, 1798. 

V, 31. David Stoddard and Ann Oreenough had only one cbilt), 
viz: (46) David Stoddard. + b. March 27, 1787; grad. H. C, ISOSj 
was lieut. col. of the Boston Cadets, counsellor at law; m. Maria 
Foster Doane, dan. of Elisha Doanc of Cobasset, June 14, 1818; he 
d. Aug. 6, 1830; his widow m. Gen. Wm. H. Sumner (his 2d wife.), 
Dec. 13, 1836; she d. Nov. 14, 1843. 

V, 32. CaiLDRRN or Kev. William Greenodgh, by his first wife; 
(47) Sarah C. b. at Newton, Aug. 24, 1787; m. Josiah Fuller, Jr., 
April 27. 1789; d. Dec. 20, 1815. (48) Abigati, b. April 24, 1790; m. 
EobertH. Thayer. June 11, 1816. (49) Wi//iam,+ b. Sept. 14.1792; 
m. Sarah Gardner, Aug. 33, 1817. (50) An%, h. Sept. 23, 1794; d. 
March 1. 1816. By his 2d wife Lydia, viz: (51) Ha'nnah, b. April 6, 
1799. (52) Martha Steoeni, b. Aug. 22, 1801; m. Joseph H. Thayer 
Dec. 7. 1819. (53) Thomai, b. June 11, 1803; m. Mary J. Caruthers, 
Sept, 11, 182C, andhad seven children. (54) Fanny.h. Dec. 17, 180&) 
d. at Amherst, Dec. 15, 1837. (55) Elizabeih, b. Sept. 13, 1807; nW 
Isaac R. Barbour, Feb. 7, 1838. J 

VI, 34. Children or Kauhel and Jonas Brooks: Jonat G., who d. a^ 
infant. (56) Jcmas G., b. at Pepperell, Aug. 20, 1789; lived in Wia- 
casset; ra. Betsey, dan. of Col. Ezekiel Cutter of that place, Sept. 21, 
1817; d. Feb. 18, 1828. in his 39th year. (57) Ann Homer, b. at 
Pepperell. July, 1791; m. Capt. Elisha J.Taylor, Jan. 27, 1853. .(58) 
Radid, b. March 16, 1795, at Pepperell; m. Capt. William Carleton of 
Wiscaaset, Dec. 24, 1818. (59) John (formerly merchant of Wiacaa- 
eet), b. June 37, 1796; m. Charlotte Webster of Bangor, Sept 25, 
1825, (60) Eliia Le<oii,\iMa\ 18, 1797; m. 1st, Capt. George Wood, 
and ad. Dr. Philip E. Theobald of Wiscasset; d. Dec. 20, 1830. a. 
83. (61) Avdrtw Homer, followed the sea; d. at Cronatadt. (62) 
JMrtry AUm, b. Dec. 14, 1802; d. Dec. 22, 1826, in her 26th year. (63) 
Emtlim H, b. at Augusta, April 1, 1804; m. Charles Wilkios, recenl 
ly of Boston, merchant, Nov. 21, 1893. 

VI, 35. CniiDRKN OF EusHA AND Anu Bangs: (64) Mary, b. 
Boston; m. Daniel Tnttle; d., a. 30; bur. Copp's Hill. (65) TAofnai, 
in Pepperell; m. let, Eleanor Groves; 2d, Elizabeth H. Tucker; 
a. 34; bur. Copp's Hill. (66) George, b. in Boston; d. at Savannah, 
Oa., a. 21. 

VI, 36. Children of William and Sallt Caldwell: (G7) Sally, b. 
in Boston; m. Thomas Weld; d. . (68) Natuy b. in Boston; A 



1 



1863.] Genealogy of the Greenaugh Family. 169 

* 

VI, 37. Children of Winslow and Elizabeth Lewis. See Lewis 
family, No. VII, 53. 

VI, 41. Children op William, son of John: (69) TTiomas Moore^ 
b. at Boston, March 24, 1795; d. Sept. 10, 1820. (70) Sarah, b. July 
12, 1796; d. Sept. 8, 1798. (71) John, b. Jan., 1798; d. Feb., 1798. 
(72) WiUiam Charles, b. July 19, 1799; d. Feb. 3, 1827. (73) Albert 
Augustus, b. March 80, 1802. (74) A daughter. May, 1804; d. same 
day. (76) Benjamin Franklin, b. March 22, 1806; m. Sophia F. Webb, 
July 7, 1831; no issue. (76) Edward - Montgomery, h. Deo. 7, 1808. 
By 2d wife: (77) John James, b. Jan. 19, 1812; m. Mary F. Cushing, 
Dec. 16, 1835. (78) Joseph Harrod, b. Sept. 4, 1814; d. April 2, 
1816. 

VI, 42. Children of David, son of John: (79) Mehitahle, b. July 21, 

1800; d. at Boston, Oct. 7, 1801. (80) John, b. Nov. 19, 1801; grad. at 

H.U., 1824; m. Maria Underwood of London, Eng., Feb. 20, 1832; d. 

at Paris, France, Nov. 16, 1852; without issue. (81) Laura Ann, b. 

Nov. 6, 1803; d. March 14, 1816. (82) Horatio, b. Sept. 6, 1805; 

grad. at H. U., 1825; m. Louisa Gore; d. at Somerville, Dec. 18, 1852; 

he was an eminent artist, ''a pioneer of American Sculpture," 

lived most of his life in Italy. (83) Henry, b. Oct. 5, 1807; m. 

Frances Boott, March 18, 1837. (84) Alfred and (85) Louisa, twins, 

b. Aug. 22, 1809; he m. Susan P. Parker, April 25, 1839; d. at Boston, 

June 10, 1851. (86) Laura [christened AmeHa], b. Nov. 16, 1811; 

m. T. B. Curtis, June 14, 1838. (87) EUen, b. March 28, 1814; m. 

Charles P. Huntington, June 2, 1847. (88) Charlotte, b. Sept. 4, 

1818; m. Charles H. Parker of Boston, June 3, 1852. (89) Richard 

Saltonstall, b. April 27, 1819; m. Sarah D. Loring, Oct. 20, 1846. 

VI, 46. Children of David Stoddard Greenough: (90) David Stod- 
dard, b. July 10, 1814; grad. at H. U., 1833; also commanded the 
Boston Cadets; m. Anna A. Parkman, Oct. 10, 1843. (91) John, b. Oct. 
19, 1815; d. March 8, 1842. (92) Anna, b. Oct. 13, 1817; m. Henry 
K. Burgwyn, Nov. 29, 1838; had 8 children. (93) Maria, b. Jan. 11, 
1820; d. Aug. 22, 1820. (94) James, b. Oct. 8, 1821; grad. at H. U., 
1842. (95) George, b. July 17, 1824; d. in infancy. (96) Maria, b. 
Sept. 29, 1828; d. Aug. 13, 1830. (97) Jane Doane, b. Dec. 26, 1830; 
d. March 29, 1847. 

VI, 49. Children op William: (98) William Whitwell,+h, June 25, 
1818; grad. at H. U., 1837; m. Catharine Scollay, dau. of Charles 
Curtis, Esq., June 15, 1841, Agent and Treasurer of Boston Gas Co. 

VII, 63. Children of Charles ard Emeline Wilkins: (99) Charles 
B,, b. 1829; merchant; m. dau. of Shepherd Norris, merchant, Boston, 
d. Nov. 23, 1856. (100) Mary. (101) Emdine, (102) Charlotte. (103) 
Joieph, (104^ Henry. (105) George. 

VII, 90. Children op David Stoddard Greenough: (106) David 
Stoddard, b. July 16, 1844. (107) John, b. March 25, 1846. (108) 
George Russell, b. June 28, 1849. 

VII, 98. Children of Wiluam Whttwell Greenough: (109) William 
C, b. at Cambridge, June 29, 1843. (110) Charles Felham, b. at 
Cambridge, July 29, 1844. (Ill) Ann Scollay, b. in Boston, May 14, 
1847; d. at Cambridge, Aug. 21, 1847. (112) Malcolm ScoUay, b. at 
Cambridge, Aug. 31, 1848. (113) Catharine Margaret, b. in BostOD, 
Jan. 12, 1852. (114) Edith, b. at Swampscott, Aug. 2, 1859. 



^^^F ffl> Sudtmry Rtcords. 


■ 


H 


^H SUDBURY RECORDS. 




1 


^^ [Conimnmtmed by AmdBeiv H. Wauu, A. M., of West Newt..ii, S 


B 


The towtt of Sudbury, Maes., was iiicorporated in 


1639, 


The fokS 


lowing records of birlha, marriagea aud deutLa are 


from 


a copy oCS 


^^^ Middlesex County Records of births, marriugeu aud deaths in tba^l 


^^L 




H 


^H 




u 


H i''2"l""°'^°'°-''>'-"™ ^""Is: 


TFilIB 


^^H Hannah, daughter or Edmund Goodcnow, " 


25, 


e| 161^1 


^^V Mary, daughter of Thomas GoodcDow, " 


25, 




^^ Elizabeth, daughter of Andrew Belcher & Elizar 




«^H 


" beth his wife " 


22, 


ii", SIS 


William Ward, son of William & Elizabeth, " 


( Abigail, daughter of Hugh Griffin ' 


16. 


9^ 161^1 


^H John, son of John How, ' 


24, 


6, 1640 ■ 


^^m Bonjamiii, sou of Edmund Rice, 


31, 

e, 
11, 

20, 


3, 1640 

4, 1640 
9, 1640 
8, 1641 


^^^H Hannah, daughter of John & Anne Stone • • . 


^^f Jonathan, son of Natiiaoiel Treadaway 


^^ JohD, sou of Riciiard Newton & Anne his wife,.. " 


John, son of Johu & Katherine Toll ' 


20. 
21, 


9, lUl 
11, 1643 


Sarah, daughther of Johu k Mary Blundford,. . . . ' 


Ephraim, son of Henry &, Mary Curtis, ' 


31. 


1, 1648 _ 


Mary, daughter of Robert & Ester Darvill " 


10, 


3_ 164Stfl 


Abigail, daughter of Thomas & Jane Goodeuow, . ' 


n, 


1> lO^^I 


., ^arab, daughter of Edmund &, Anne Goodcuow,,. ' 


n. 


1, 16^^| 


^^ Sarah, daughter, of Hugh & Elizabeth Griffin ' 


20, 


9. 164^1 


^^^ Samuel, son of John & Mary How, 


20, 


S. 164aH 
10, 164SS 


^^H Thomas, son of Thomas &, Anne King, 


4, 


^^H Joseph, sun of John Parmenter, Jim., & Anne his 




^1 


^H wife 


13, 

6, 


8, lela 


^^M Elizabeth, daughter of John & Elizabeth Rutter,.. 


^^M Mary, daughter of Nathaniel Treadaway &. (Snf- 




^1 


^^^r frane) his wife 


I 


6, Knim 

8 1641 


^^ John, son of John Woods, ' 


g' 


Mary, dan. of William & Mary Brown, ■ 


is: 

20, 


Z, 1643 
11. 1643 


Sarah, dau. of Thomas & Jane Goodenow, ' 


^^^ Mary, dau. of Solomon Johnson, ' 


. 23, 
24. 


11, 1643 
4, 1643 


^^L Lydia, dau. of Johu & Elizabeth Moore 


^^H Mary, dau. of John & Katherine Toll ' 


14, 


10, 1648 
2, 1643 


^H Elizabeth, dan. of William & Elizabeth Ward ' 


^^H Mary, dan. of Thomas k Mary Axdell (Astcll),.. 


1, 


4. 1644 


^^H Martha, dau. of Andrew & Elizabeth Belcher 


26, 


5, 1644 


^^H Hannah, dau. of John & Doruthie Blanford 


7, 


I, 1644 


^^H Shemuel, son of Hugh & Elizabeth Gridin, 


9. 


11, 1644 


^H Elizabeth, dau. of John & Doruthie Haiue,. 


19, 


9, 1644.H 


^^^1 Joseph, son of Johu & Elizabeth flfreeman, 


29, 


1. 1640fl 



1863.] 



Sudbury Recorii. 



ThotDM Haine, dyed S8, 5, lUO 

Edward Vines, aerraut of Robert Carrill bar. 1, 1 1640 

ilary wife of John Blandford, died 4, 10 1641 

Thomas Caktbread " 4^ \\^ \Mi 

Addb, wiffof Thomaa Kiag,. , ,1 " 34 \q J543 

^Tboraae eon of ThomaB & Anne Kidj;:, " 8 n 1643 

John, 0OD of John 4b Catherine Toll " 81' ll' 1612 

BirthM. 

Mary, dau. of Richard ft Anne NewtOD, born 23, 

Uvj, dtu. of John & Amy Parmenter, 

John, 8on of John & Anne Redyate (Rediat), . . 

Daniel, aon of John & Anne Stone 

Increase, 8on of William & Elizabeth Ward,. . 

Thomas, bod of William & Marj Brown 

Joaeph, aon of Edmund & Anno Goodenow,... 
Samuel, son of Thomas & Jane Goodenow,... 

Caleb, aon of Solomon & Eleoner Johnson 

Jacob, aon of John k Klizahoth iluorp 

John.Bon of John &Elizabeth Rntter 

!FranccB, dau. of John &, Mary Wood, 

John, Bon of John & DorDtfjio Blandford, 

Sarah, dan. of Robert & Bridget Dayies 

Hoaea, eon of Richard k Anne Newton, ' '. 

Elizabeth, dan. of Jotin & Mary Maynard 

T„i,_ _„^ Qf jgim ^ Dorathio Hainea,. 



, 1644 

10, 4, 1644 

19, 3, 1644 

SI, 6, 1644 

32, 11, 1644 

23, 3, 1646 

19, 5, 1646 

28, 13, 1646 

1, 13, 1645 

38, 3, 1646 

1, 6, 1646 

10, 3, 1646 

6, 1, 1646 

10, 2, 1646 

36, 1, 1646 

26 May, 1649 

4 Hay, 1649 

24 July, 1649 

3 Dec. 1649 

1 Dec. 1649 

10 Dec 1649 

10 Jan. 

Dtallu. 

ThomaaAxdell (Axtell) bur. 8, 1 1646 

• Margaret, wife of Thomaa White, died 17 Nov. 1649 

Marriaget. 

Philemon Whale & Sarah Cakebread, 1 No^ 1549 

Joaiah Haine A; Elizabeth ffreeman, jg Nov! 1646 

Mid. Records do not contain births, marriagea or deaths from Sud- 
bury in the yeara 1650, '51, '52, nor in '53 prior to the 8th of Aogust. 



John, 

Joseph, BOD of Joseph & Sarah Grout, 

Steven, son of John & Dorothte Blandford,.. 

James, son of Daniel & Eater Cheever 

Lydia, dan. of Edward & Anno Rico, '. 

Eliaabetb, dau. of John & Elizabeth Moore,. . 



John, son of John & Elizabeth White born 

Uary, dau. of John and Mary Loker " s 

Abigail, dan. Thomas & Abigail Plimpton,'. .!y.',. " J 

Hannah, dan. of John & Mary Maynard . . " " I 

Peter, son of Peter &. Elizabeth Bent, ..'......'." " ] 

Samuel, son of John Redyate (Hediat) and Anne 

his wife <• j 

Edmund, son of William Brown k Mary bia wife! " S 
Edmnnd, son of Edward A Anne Rice, .. . '' " 

Mary, dau. of John & Mary Howe " « i 



6. 1658 

7, 165S 
1, 1658 



, 8, 1658 
. 9, 1658' 
, 10, 1658 



186a] Marriagei and Deaffa. 173 



MARRIAGES AND DEATHS. 

MARRIAGES. 

Bbadish=Leslie. — Jan. 30, by Rev. Caleb Davis Bradlee of Roz- 
bary, John J. Bradish, Esq., of Boston, to Miss Hattie L. Leslie of 
East Boston. 

Oabot=Whitnet. — At Jamaica Plain, in the Unitarian Church, on 
the evening of the 18th November, by Rev. Dr. Thompson, assisted 
by Rev. Frederic A. Whitney, Mr. William Furness Cabot of Brook- 
line, to Miss Caroline Baker, dan. of the late Rev. Greorge Whitney 
of Jamaica Plain. 

Pelt=Meacham. — At Salem, Nov. 11, by Rev. Charles Smith of 
Andover, Rev. Joseph Barlow Felt, LL. D., formerly president of the 
Historic-Genealogical Society, to Mrs. Catharine (Bartlett) Meacham 
of Salem, widow of Hon. John Meacham and dan. of the late Hon. 
Bailey Bartlett. 

6abdinkb=Parmelee. — At Elmira, N. T., Nov. 19th, 1862, in the 
Second Presbyterian Chnrch, by the Rev. Isaac Clark, Major Cnrtiss 
Crane Gardiner of Angelica, N. Y., late of 2tth Reg't N. Y. V., to 
Miss Mary Parmelee, eldest dau. of Hon. Ariel S. Thnrston of the 
former place. 

King8bury==Haver. — At Putnam, 0., Sept. 11, 1862, by Rev. A. 
Kingsbury, D. D., Mr. Harlan Page Kingsbury of Cairo, 111., eldest 
son of the officiating clergyman to Miss Mary, eldest dau. of S. C. 
Haver, Esq., of the former place. 

Magoun=Wiggin. — ^At East Boston, on Wednesday, Nov. 19, 1862, 
by Rev. Caleb Davis Bradlee of Rozbury, Herbert Magoun, Esq., of 
Brooklyn, N. Y., to Miss Sarah F., dau. of Noah Wiggin, Esq., of 
E. B. 

Sabik=Daka. — At Brighton, Dec. 31, 1862, by Rev. Frederic A. 
Whitney, Charles William Sabin (firm of Sabin, Page & Co., of 
Boston), native of Woodstock, Vt., to Miss Martha AdsJine,^ dau. of 
the late Charles Dana of Brighton. 

^ Migs Dmnft is of the Beventh generation in lineal descent from Richard Dana, 
the ancestor of the Dana family in America, who came to this country ahoat 1640, 
and had his large estate in what is now the centre of the town of Brighton, then 
and nntil 1807, a part of the town of Cambridge, and who died here by a fall in 
his bam, April 2, 1690. His vonngest son Daniel had Caleb, who had Caleb, who 
hftd Henry (long the Town Clerk of Brighton), who had Charles, father of the 
bride. 

Ifr. Sabin, son of Elisha L. Sabin of Woodstock, Yt. (who died at Grand De- 
tonr, III., August, 1850), is likewise of the seventh generation from Richard Dana. 
His motht^r, Klizabeth Swan (Dana), is dau. of Charles Dana of Woodstock, who 
was son of George Dana and Elizabeth (Park) of Ashbumham. George was son 
of Caleb, Caleb was son of Daniel, youngest son of the ancestor. 

Four faiDilie^s in Brighton, in lineal descent from the ancestor perpetuate his 
name in the place to which he came more than two hundred years ago. 

Mr. tiabin states that his father and grandfather wrote tfafdr nmft aa ha diMi« 
without the f final. 



Marriages and Deaths. 



[April, 



WHrn(OHK=JAOKMAN. — At Newburyport, Feb. 1, George H. Whit- 
more, to MisB Abb; L. Jackmati. 



Blackford.— Hon. Isaac, at Waeliington, D. C, Dec, 31, 1859, a. 13. 
He was a aon of Joseph and Mar; (StaaU] Blacklbrd, and was b. at 
Bound Brook, Somerset count;, N. J., Nov. 6, 1786. The father, 
who is supposed to have emigrated from England, was tbe youngest 
of three brotherfl, of whom the two elder died childless. Tbe mother, 
the eldest daughter of Peter Staats of Bound Brook, was born July 
19, 1167. and d. Aug. 18, 1821. 

Hon. Isaac Blackford graduated at Princeton College, in 1806, and 
immediately began the stud; of the law under George McDonald of 
Somervillo, N. J., but completed his legal course under Gabriel Ford 
of Morristowu, N. J. Ho emigrated to thu Indiana territory in 1S12, 
and settled in Brookville, Franklin count;, where he began the prac- 
tice of the law, but removed after a short time to Viuccnnes, Knox 
county. In 1813 he was chosen clerk of the Territorial legislature. 
On the 14tb of September, 1814, he was appointed judge of the first 
judicial circuit of Indiana territory, but resigned this office in the 
fall of 1815. After the formation of the state government in 1816, 
he was elected representative to the legislature from Knox county, 
and was chosen speaker. Soon afu>r, upon the death of Judge 
Johnson, he was made judge of the supreme court of Indiana, wbich 
office he held 35 yeara. In March. 1855, upon tbe organization of 
tlie U, S. court of claims at Washington city, he was appointed by 
President Pierce one of the judges, which position be filled at the 
time of bis death. Judge Blackford was thin and erect and of the 
ordinary height. His completion was rubicund, bis nose large, and 
bis chin prominent. Among his friends be was quite social, eiijo;ing 
himself with childlike gleefuluess; but at times he was very recluse, 
shutting himself in from society for months. While at Indianapolis, 
be was a regular attendant of the Presbyterian tJhurch, but never 
became a church member. As a lawyer, legislator and judge, he 
was studious, accurate and conscientious. His integrity was of the 
most marked character. While in most things be was ecooomical 
almost to parsimoniousness, in the purchase of law books bo was ex- 
travagant. His reports gave great credit to the state abroad. 
Chancellor Kent, in bis CommentaTus. characterizes tbem as "replete 
with extensive and accurate taw learning." "Tbe notes of Mm 
learned reporter aunexed to the cases," lie adds, " are very valuable. 
Vol.n, p. 116, note. 

Judge Blackford married soon after hia settlement at Vincennea, 
but bis wife lived onl; a few years. He never married again. His 
only child, n son, died about the time ho reached his majority; and a 
half-sister and two nephews, sole suvviving relatives, inherit the 
large fortune whicli labor, caution and economy enabled him to accu- 
mulate. His remains have been removed from Washington where be 
died to Indianapolis, in the cemetery of which place they rest, witt^ 
snt, though an inscription was prepared for one about 
three years ago. — Ahridgtd from a Mtnunr prepartd for the HUtorvh 
Geneakgiail Soeiely, by E. Y. FUteher, Esq. 




le 

J 



1863.] 



Marriages and Deaths, 



Cakfbell. — Willinm Merritt, M. D., son of Thomas Henderson 
Campbell, and Marthn {Maynnrd) Campbell, b. at Cambridge, Vt., 
April 1, 1823; d, at Siimpter, S. C, October 11, 1863. He fitted for 
college at St. Albans, Vt.. with the late Prof. Jamea Meacham, and 
was graduated nt the University of Vermont in 1843. After his 
^kiliiatioD, he commenced the study of medicine with Dr. Newton 
H. BultoD, and pursued liia studies at the Vermont Medical College, 
at Woodstock, Vt., and received bis diploma from the Uuiversity of 
N. Y. He practiced medicine in Brooklyn, N. Y., about two years, 
Bud npon the failure of his health he returned to St. Albans. In 
September. 1848, ho formed a co-partnership with Mr. James Walker 
in mercantile business at Charleston, S. C, which was dissolved in 
1856, and he continued business on his own account until the rebellioa 
t>roke ont. He was remarkably -fluccessfnl in his business, and bad 
at the time of his death accumulated a handsome competence. He 
married in 1850, Mary, only dau. of the Hon. Norman WilliamB of 
Woodstock, Vt., who, with five children, survives bim. G. F. H. 

Cbasdleb. — Cyril, d. of pneumonia at the residence of his son 
John Gardner Chandler at (East) Boston, Nov, 9. 1862, in his 87th 
yr.; and was buried by the remains of his wife and five children in 
Strafford, Vt. He was b. in Woodstock, Cotin., July 16th, 1776. 
Son of Oapt. Seth Chandler by his wife Eunice Durkee. He was, by 
trade, a tanner and currier; and settled in Strafford, Vt. He married 
Abigail Carpenter of Hanover, N. H. After bis wife's death in 1849 
h« resided with his sons in Boston. He was a descendant of William 
and Anuis Chandler, who settled in Roxbury, Mass., 1637, through 
Deacon John^ and Elizabeth (Douglas) Chandler, pioneer settlers in 
Woodstock, Conn., 1686; Capt. Joseph^ and Susanna (Perrin) Chand- 
ler of Pomfret, Conn., and Josepb* and Elizabeth (Sumner) Chandler 
of Pomfret, who were the parents of Capt. Seth'' aforesuid of Wood- 
stock. 

Cyril Chandler was an industrious man and a good citizen. la 
person he was a large, bony, broad shouldered man, of light com- 
plexion, light colored hair and eyes, which features are characteristic 
of tbe descendants of his grand-mother, Elizabeth Sumner, a de- 
BCendant of George Sumner of Bush Hill, Milton, Mass. 

Fuller. — Rev. Arthur B., killed in the streets of Fredericksburg, 
Va., serving as a volunteer, Thursday, Dec. 11, 1862, a. 40, A memoir 
of this talented and patriotic clergyman to the middle of the year 
1859, will be found in the Reguttr, vol. xiii, p. 358. He continued 
preaching at Watertown until 1861, when he left for the eeat of war, 
■8 chaplain of the 16th Reg't Mass. Vol. He shared their hardships 
during the peninsular campaign, "aiding and administering cousola- 
tion to the wounded and dying, in more than one bard fought battle. 
He returned to his homo last summer with health prostrated by hard- 
ship and exposure, but remained only for a brief period. His heart 
was in the work which he had undertaken, and ere he had recovered 
his strength he set out to rejoin his regiment. But he was taken 
aick on Hie roitlc, und although he kept on to Washington, he was 
reluctantly compelled to relinquish the idea of active service with 





an 



Marriages and Deaths. 

his regiment, and to resij^n his coramisaiou, but Dot to leave th^" 
work eotirely. He expected an appointment as cbaplain of the col 
valeecent camp at Alexandria, where he conld still labor for tl 
soldiers with less exposure to his health." 

When on Thursday night, Dec. 11, the army found some trouble in 
clearing' the city of Fredericksburg', he became Grcd with zeal for his 
country and seizing a musket entered the ranks of Co. D, 19th Reg't, 
but fell before the Gre of a concealed foe. His funeral ceremonies were 
held at the First Church (Chauncy sL), Boston, at noon, Wednesday, 
Dec. 24, when Revs. R. H. Neule, D. D. (Baptist), E. 0. Haven, D. U 
(Methodist), E. H. Sears and J. Freeman Clarke (Unitarian), pail 
brief but .eloquent tributes to his memory. He was buried at Moai 
Auburn. 

During his absence with the regiment, he was ii correspondent 
the Botton JiHmal. His last letter to tliat pHper was dated Dec, 
and was published Saturday afternoon, Dec. 13, 1862. 

" Rev. Mr. Fuller," says the Boston Transcript, " was a gentleman 
of ardent temperament, eurneet as a preacher, and energetic and un- 
tiring in pursuing the paths he marked out for himself, and in sup- 
porting any cause to which he gave his heart. He has closed by an 
act uf devoted heroism a life of incessant activity, and uumeroi 
friends will be ready, with sad hearts, to pay the tribute due to ' 
virtues as a man and a christian." 

Haven. — Samuel Foster, Jr., M. D., killed at the battle of Frede- 
rJcksbtir^, Dec. 13, 1S63, a. 31. He was the only child of Samuel F. 
Haven, Esq., of Worcester, librarian of tho American ADtiquarian 
Society, and was b, in Dedham, May 20, 1831. He graduated at H. 
C., 1862, and after studying medicine at bomo and in Europe, com' 
menced its practice in Boston in 1857, but removed the next year to 
Worcester. He volanteered as assistant surgeon of the first regi- 
ment of three years volunteers, that loft Worcester county (the 15^) 
and remained with it without furlough or leave of absence till hi) ' 
death. Ho had then been promoted to surgeon. While in the dii 
charge of his duties and actually engaged in the performance of a 
operation, he was struck by a shell and killed. "In him the armi 
will mourn the loss of a surgeon of unwonted skill and Bdelity, \a$,\ 
profession a member certain to attain distinction, and his tntimaf 
acquaintances, a pure minded, simple hearted, devoted friend." 

He was descended from Richard' Haven of Lynn, b. about 161i _ 
and his wife Susannali, Oau. of Thomas Newhall, through Mosea', 
Moses^ Kev. Jason* (a-ntt xiv, 204), Hon. Samuel* and Samui 
Foster^, above, his father. 

Janis. — Horace Partridge, d. at Sau Francisco, Cal., suddenly 
Oct 5, 1862, "failing dead in the streets" as the telegram saj 
" from a supposed disease of the heart." He was the senior partnei\ 
in a well known law tiroi in San Francisco, was b. at St. Albaus, Yt., 
May 16th, 1824, was graduated at the University of Vt-rmoat in 
1844, admitted to practice in New York city where be remained a 
few years, and twelve years since removed to San Francisco, Cal., and 
at the time of his death had gaiued a large and lucrative practii 



i 



Marriages and Deaths. 

He was the son of Horace and Eunice Lymao (Partridge) Janes of 
St. AlbBDs, the father dying auddeoly at St. Albans, March 15th, 
1831, and the mother still surviving at San Francisco. He was 
^andson of the Hon. Jonathan Janes, a native of BrimGeld. Mass., 
and Martha iPlympton) Janes of Stnrbridge, now Southbridge, 
Worcester county, Mass., both of whom are deceased and are buried 
»t St. Albans, Vt, Mr. Janes had a wide circle of relatives who will 
be pained to hear of his death. Ho leaves a wife and two children. 
He was a kind hearted and noble minded gentleman and a devoted 
member of the Episcopal Church, In the prime of manhood and 
height of Lis usefulness, lie has been suddenly and mysteriously cut 
down. 0. F. H. 

Makser. — George Barney, D. D., b. at New Haven, Conn., 8th Aug. 
1803, d. at Bennington, Vt., Nov. 17, 1863. He was a graduate of 
Dartmouth College in 1825, received honorary degree of A. M. from 
Middlebury College in 1836 and D. D. from University of Norwich in 
18d3. He studied law with the late George B. Shaw at Danville, Vt., 
w&s married in 1831 to a dau. of the late Hon. Augustine Clark and 
removed to Williston, Vt., for the practice of law, wae register u. 
probate in the Chittenden district for two years and removed to Mont- 
pelier in 1831. From 1832 to 1835 inclusive he was secretary to the 
governor and council and from 1836 to 1840 secretary of civil and 
military affairs. He subsequently studied theology, was influential 
in the establishment of Christ Church, Montpelior, of which be was 
appointed rector, Dec. 29, 1S42 and bo continued until 1849. For 
the last 12 years he has been rector of St. Peter's Church, Benning- 
ton, and for the last 15 years secretary of the diocesan convention 
of Vermont. Since 1847, he has been a clerical delegate to the 
general convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church and a member 
of the board of missions. At the time of iiis death, he was chaplain 
of the grand lodge of Vermont, a trustee of Norwich Uoiversity and 
also of the Vermont Episcopal Institute. By his death the Episcopal 
Church loses a faithful pastor, his family an afl'ectionate husband 
aad father, and community a diligent and public spirited benefactor. 

G. F. H. 

Outer. — Mrs. Francis B., d. at Boston, Jan. 37, a. 6t. She was 
the widow of the late Benjamin Lynde Oliver, Esq. 

PmLUPS. — Samuel Dunn, at St. Helena Island, S. C, Friday, Dec. 
S, a. 24. He was a son of the late Thomas W. Phillips, Esq., whose 
obituary and ancestry are given in the Registtr, xiv, 88. He was b. 
Dec. 13, 1838, and graduated at H. C, 1861. At the time of bis 
death, he was Superintendent of Plantations at St. Helena. Gen. 
Saxton, the military governor of that district, in an order soon after 
his death characterizes him as "a brave, Irae-hearted man and de- 
Toted to the work in which he was engaged." " The people under 
hii charge," be adds, "had in him a true friend, and we a valued 
companion, who did honor to onr cause. His was the offering of a 
noble life upon the altar of freedom." 

He was a descendant of the 8tb generation, from the poetess, Anne 
Bradstreet. See Rt^iter, viii, 315. 



Rayhond. — Asa, 



tfae B 

(DaTis) 
n, 1187, 
hiB dcatli. Fi 
ding" of himi 
He leaves 



Maniages and Deaths. 
at Sbul 



[April, 



tesbury, Mass., Jan. 5th, a. 91, He was 

Eolden, Maes. (b. 1744, d. 1781), and Mercy 

i was born in Holden, m. Huldah Rice, April 

id to SUutesbury in 1800, where he resided until 

ccouut of the celebration of the "diamond wed- 

d wife (April 17. 1862), see Eegister, sri, p. 298. 

Edward A., b. Jan. 6th, 1792, Zebina L., 1804, and 



Emmona, Sept. 1806. 

SirLEa.~Lt. Col. Welcome B., of the 7th Reg't R. I. Volonteera, 
waa killed at the battle of Fredericksburg, Dec. 13,1862. He first 
became prominent as a politician in 1842, having been choaou. May 
3, of that year, speaker of the House of Kepresentativee under the 
so-called People's Constitution of Rhode Island. He was appointed 
by President Polk, postmaster of Providence, and held that office 
eight years. For several years he was chief editor of the Previd^nte 
Poit, of which paper, he was one of the founders, and displayed 
mnch ability in conducting it. He was a man of more than usual 
energy and executive ability, and has long been a conspicuous leader 
of the democratic party of bis state. 

TRBBirrs. — Rev. Theodore, at New York city, Thursday morning, 
Jan. 29, a. 31. He was the eldest child of Hon. Noah Tehbete, and 
was b, at Parsonsfield, Me., April I, 1831, being descended from 
Henry' Tebbete, an early settler of Dover, N. H., as foilowB : Jere- 
my,^ Henry. 3 Edward,* Heury,* Jamee,* Hon. Noah,' Rev. Theodore* 
{antt, VII!, 131). Hon. Noah Tebbeta, his father, a man of talents 
and probity, graduated at Bowdoin College, 1822, practiced law at 
Parsonsfield, Mo,, and afterwards at Rochester, N. H.; was appoint- 
ed judge of Court Common Pleas, 1843, and d. at Rochester, Sept. 9, 
1844, a. 43. (Sec N. H. Reg. for 1845, p. 142). Rev, Theodore 
Tebbeta prepared for college at Phillips Academy, Eiteter, N. H,, 
entered Harvard College in 1848, in the sophomore class, and gradu- ■ 
ated 1851. After graduatiug, he became a teacher at Exeter Acade- 
my, then studied theology at the Cambridge Divinity School, gradu- 
ating in 1855; was ordained at Lowell, Sept. 19 of that year, but 
owing to ill health, resigned May, 1856, Having recovered in a 
measure his health, he was installed over the First Church in Med- 
ford, April 15, 1857, but returning ill health obliged him to resign 
his pastoral office Aug. 1, 1860. During a great part of both pas- 
torates, he was prevented by sickness from preaching. His last 
sermon was preached in July, 1859, Ho m. Ellen, dau. of Joha 
Sever, Esq., of Kingston, Mass., who survives with one child. Ha 
was buried atMedford, Jan. SI, and on Sunday morning, Feb. 8, Rev.j 
Mr. Towne, his successor, preached to the church over which he ha4 
been settled, an eloquent sermon upon his life, in which his charaotef 
was ably portrayed. Charles F. Dunbar, Esq., a classmate at Har- 
vard, thns closes an obituary notice in the Bnslon Daily Advertiser; 
"His vigorous powers of mind and the resolute character which 
sustained bim amid so many difficulties, were recognized early by 
his associates. His reading was extensive, his memory ui " '" 
his mind active and acute, and his determination to conqnt 



Marriages and Deaths. 

difficalty by industry and energy was uofaiiing. In bis relation as 
& pastor, and in bis walk in life be displayod qnalitiea which en- 
deared bim to those who eurrounded him, and he left behind bim 
maay cloae friends, who will long cherish his memory and remember 
his example of Christian fortitude and cheerfulness as he saw hia 
plans for life defeated aild a career of rich promise cut off by the 

r gradual but inevitable progress of disease." 

' Thompson.— Andrew, b. in Salem, N. T., October 22d, 178(1, and 
d. Nov. 10, 1862, in Keeseville, N. Y., a, 11 years. In early life he 
Btndied and practiced law in Salem, N. T., and in February, 1821, 
was also admitted to practice in Burlington, Vt. His first experience 
ID baulcing was as a teller in the bank at Waterford, N. Y., after- 
wards in Albany and in Troy, from which place he removed to Bur- 
lington, and was for several years cashier of the Bank of Burling- 
ton. He was cauhier of the Bank of Keeseville, N. T,, from 1832 
to 1860, when be was succeeded by bis son-in-law, Samuel Ames, 
Esq. He was noted for a vigorous intellect and an extensive ac- 
qnaintance with geology and general literature, and was justly re- 
garded as a Christian gentleman, and a devoted member of the Pro- 
testant Episcopal Church. Mr. Thompson leaves to mourn his loss a 
widow and two daughters, Elizabeth, wife of Samuel Ames, Esq., 
and Catharine, wife of Dr. Talmadge, all of Keeseville, N. Y. 

G. F. H. 
Thobbobn. — Grant, at New Haven, Ct.. Jan. 22, a, 90, His birth, 
ancestry, and some of the incidents of his life will be found in a 
note by Rev. Elias Nason, appended to a letter from Thorburn, dated 
February, 1862, published in the Rt/fister for April, 1862, p. 113. 

WsrmoRE. — James C, at Bath, Me., Jan. 1. A brief pedigree 
will be found in the Rtgisler, vol. x, p. 296, where we recorded the 
death of his son. 

WBimuoHE. — Oerehom, at Winter Hill, North Somerville, Jan. 21, 

1.67. 

WiLLiRB. — Maj. Sidney, killed at the battle of Fredericksburg, 

^Saturday, Dec. 13, 1862, a. 31. He was born at Lancaster, Mass., 

[. Feb. 3, 1831, and was a son of Joseph Willard, of whom and himself 

^■ome account is given in this number, pp. 165 and 166. He was a 

jrdescendant of Maj. Simon' Willard of Groton, through Rev. Samuel," 

^Tice-presidcnt of Harvard College, John,' Rev. Samuel,'' Rev. Jo- 

^■epb,* president of H. C, and Joseph," his father. He graduated at 

PH. C, 1852, and was admitted to the bar in 1866. "He was re- 

rapected and beloved for an unblemished character, strengthened by 

r manly and daring virtues." He was buried at Mt. Auburn, Saturday, 

I Dec. 20, the funeral ceremonies being performed at the West Church, 

Boston. A sermon was preached by Rev, Cyrus A. Bartol, which 

has since been published. He m. Aug. 21, 1862, Sarah Ripley, dan. 

of Augustus Henry Fiske, Esq., of Boston, and left with his regiment 

(the 35th Mass.), the next day for the seat of war. 



I 



**i) 



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I 



NEW ENGLAND HISTORlC-OENEALOaiCAL SOCIETY. 
OBiTUAiiiEa OF Deceased AfEUBEits.' 
[Prepared by William B. Trase, Esq., Historiographer.] 
Bbeck. — Hon. Samuel, Pbiladelphia, Sept. 1, a. 91. He was a de- 
scendaiit in the 5th generation from Edward Breok, of Dorcheator, 
Mass., who came, ae it is supposed, from Asbton, Eng,, probably with 
Rev. Richard Mather in 1035. Edward Breck was for several years 
a selectman in Dorchester. Ho built a grist mill on Smelt Brook in 
that town, which stood witbin a few feet of the tide mill, now known 
as "Tileston's mill." He died in Nov. 1662, leaving children, one of 
whom was Capt. John- Breck, b. in 1651, a tanner by trade, and often 
a seloctmau of tbe town, wbo had wife Susannah, and 9 children, 
amoD^ them. Rev. Robert* Breck, minister of Marlborough, Mass., 
who d. Jan. 6, 1132, and Jobn,^ b. Dec. 22, 1680, who m. Ann Patte- 
eball, Nov. 11, 1703, and settled in Boston. The latter, was a cooper, 
and merchant — lived near the Old North Church in Boston — d. in 
ni3, leaving a son John,< who was an extensive merchant. John* 
had hia warehouse near Clarke's wharf, at the north end of Boston, 
and his residence in Ship street. He d. in 1761, leaving an estate 
valued at M^'i^'J: 6: 8; a wealthy man for that day. By his wife 
Margaret he had children, one of whom, Samuel,'' — the father of the 
subject of this notice — was b. April 11, 1747. He m. Hannah, only 
daughter of Benjamin Andrews of Boston. Samuel^ was an eminent 
merchant in B., also, maritime agent of Louis XVI, king of France. 
He represented the town in the state legislature for 7 consecutive 
years — when only seven members were sent — namely from 1783 to 
1788, both inclusive, and was deputed in 1787, by the legislature, aa a 
delegate from Maaaachuaetts to the national convention of Annapolie 
but which waa auperaeded by tbe convention of that year at Phil^ 
delphia. Samuel," the aubject of this notice, was b. in Boston, July 
17, 1771. Probably through the influence of his father with the 
King of France, the aon was received into the royal and mili- 
tary college of Loreze, in the province of Languedoc, where be 
Bpent more than 4 years. Leaving the college in 1767, he arrived at 
Paris. Thomas Jeflfcraon, the plenipotentiary at the court, being at 
the time on a tour in Italy, bis secretary, Mr, Short, a Virginian, 
received Mr. Breck in the minister's name, and made him acquainted 
with Hector St. John, author of LetleT$ from an Afnerican Farnur. The 
latter gentleman introduced the young man into the highest circles 
of Paris, and to tbe literati there, (See Mr. Bteck's account of hie 
visit, in Dr, Darlington's Mtnoriali of Bartram and MarshaU, pagO 

"i! 

The family removed to Philadelphia in 1793, when Samnel wu 



>dIj of the memoin ntA bj the UBloriogmpbw 





JV. E. HiH.-Gen. Society. 

iont 21 jra. of age, and hero a great portion of hia lengthened life 

was spent. Ho was elected for man; ^ears to the state legislature 
of Pennsylvania, the city municipal government of Philadelphia, 
and vaa a representative to congress from 1823 to -1825 inclusive. 
He was a member of the board of directors of tho Pennsylvania In- 
Btitntion for the Blind; an earnest, active member of the Hist. Society 
of Pennsjlvania, one of their councillors and vice-presidents; wiia 
made a corresponding member of the N. E. Hist.-Gen. Society in 1860 
and an honorary vice-president of the same society, for Pennsylvania, 
in January 1866, wbich ofBce be held to bis death. 

Of his published contributions the following have fallen under our 
observation. •' An historical anecdote of Mr, John Harris, Sen., who 
was tho first person of European origin that settled on the spot 
where now stands the town [now city] of Harrisburg, the seat of 
government of Pennsylvania." This is contained in the Memoirs of 
tht Siitorical Soddy of Pennsylvania, vol. ii, part I, p. 205. 

lu 1S43, be published an Historical Sketth of Continental Pa/per 
Money, pp. 40. In this brief history, he endeavored to trace the origin, 
rapid increase, and dowufall of this money, incidentally showing its 
powerful, if not, indispensable agency in gaining onr independence. 

On the 21st of Dec. 1844, he delivered a discourse before the society 
of tbe Sons of New England of the city and county of Philadelphia, 
on the history of the early settlements of their country, 8vo. pp. 44. 

Nov. I, 1845, he gave an address at the laying of the corner stone 
of tbc Philadelphia Athenieum bQilding, which was also published. 

In Feb. 1850, he delivered a lecture before the Historical Society 
of Pennsylvania, on the Rev. George WbiteGeld, which was publish- 
ed in the collections of the society, p. 392. 

Mr. Breck retained to the end ap interest in public affairs, and 
among the latest of his acts, even when on his death bed, was to 
send and purchase a file of newspapers, to inform himself in regard 
to the progress of events. During the whole of his protracted life 
he maintained a character unimpaired, and was nniversally respect- 
ed and esteemed. 

Ddnnimo, — Capt. John Frederic, of Boston, was killed at the battle 
of Gaines's Mills, Va., June 21, 1862, in the 30th yr. of his age. 
Hia ancestor, Andrew Dunning, came from Ashburnham, in Devon- 
shire, Eng., to Brunswick, Me., in the year 1111, and resided there 
till bis death in 1735. Soon after his decease, his house was burned 
and his widow perished in the flames. He left 5 children, viz : 
David^, James^, William*, Andrew'i and Robert^. The two elder 
eons settled in Brunswick, James^ occupying the homestead. The 
third son, William-, removed to York. In 1143, as Andrew' and 
Robert* were crossing the river between Brunswick and Topeham, 
Ihey were shot by the Indians. One of them fell into the river, and 
the other received a ball in the arm, which entirely disabled it. The 
wounded man succeeded in rowing the boat to the shore and escaped 
from the Indians, but d. the next morning in consequence of his 
^wonnd. The two brothers were buried in the grave yard at Port 

tprge, Brunswick. David' Dunning, in the time of Gov. Shirley, 



JV*. E. HUt.-Gen. Society. 



[April, 



I 



received the commrmd of a, company of soldiere, and scoured the 
-wilderneGs op and down the Androscoggin, in pursuit of the Indians. 
He d. at the age of 94 yrs., leaving 6 children, 1 sons and 4 daus. 
The oldest son, Andrew^ Dunning, m. a dau. of Eev. Robert Dunlap, 
the first settled minister in Brunswick. He d, in the year 1800, a. 
64 yrs. Johu^ Dunning, tho second son of David*, and brother of 
Andrew^, was b. Sept. 19. It38; m. Lois Hinkley. and d. in Feb. 
1831, a. 93. His wife d. Oct. 21, 1811, a. 58 yrs. John Andrew* 
Dunning, son of John^, and Lois (Hinkley) Dunning, and the father 
of the subject of this notice, was b. May 19, 1790; m. Hannah Stan- 
wood Owen, dau. of Philip Owen. She d. Oct. 2, 1841. He com- 
manded the Brunswick Light Infantry, and was present with hia 
company at the reception of Gen. La Fayette in Portland, in 1824. 
He was afterward promoted to the office of colonel iu the second 
regiment. Col. Dunning bad b children, viz: Rachel Ooburn^, Charles 
Lincoln^, Francis Edward^, John Fredtrvfi, Philip Owen*. 

John Frederic^, was b. in Brunswick, Me., Aug. 1, 1839. His family 
removed to Williamsburg, Piscataquis co., Me., which place he left 
May 3d, 1853, and directed his steps to Boston. We soon find him 
engaged here as a master carpenter on Harrison avenue, and after- 
ward iu Tremont street. He m. Maria Merrill (a native of Barnard, 
Me.), dau. of Adams H. and Persis H. Merrill of Williamebnrg, Jan. 
1, 1861. He left Boston, April IT, 1861, for the seat of war, being a 
lieutenant in Co. K.. of the 6th Mass. Regiment. He served oat hia 
time, and returned to Boston, Aug. Ist. Oommenced immediately to 
recruit his company called the Everett Guards, Co. D, 22d Ke^t 
Mass. Volunteers, of which company he was chosen captain. Ha 
started again for the seat of war, Oct. 8, 1861, and fell in battle, 
June 2t, at Gaines's Mills, pierced with two balls, one tbrougU the 
head, and the other through the breast. He was a kind and afleo- 
tiouate young man, and was greatly esteemed by all who knew him. 
He was a resident member of the N. E. Hist.-Qen. Society, having 
joined the society in 1858, and was the first of its members, so far as 
we have learned, who has fallen in battle, in the patriotic attempt to 
put down the southern rebellion. 

Gloter. — Lloyd, Chicago, 111., Ang. S, a. 36. He was a descendant 
of Henry Glover, of New Haven, Conn., who "came probably," eays 
Mr. Savage, "in the Elizabeth, from Ipswich, 1634, a. 24;" "was a 
proprietor in 1685, d. in 1689. His grandson John^, by bis wife, 
Bethish (Bickley) had an only child, Benjamin^, father of Chriato- 
pher'>. The latter was b. in Newton, Dec. 9, 1750, and lived in Dan- 
bury, Conn. He'was twice m. and his wives were sisters, Sarah and 
Jedidah Benedict, daus. of Wm. Benedict, of Danbury. He moved 
to New York state, thence to Williamstown, Mass., where ho d. May 
18, 1815, a. 64. He had 17 children, one of whom was Daniel", b. 
in Danbury, in 1790. who resides in Homer. N. Y.; the father of 
Lloyd'. Lloyd' Glover was b. in De Ruyler, Madison co,. July 26, 
1826; son of Daniel and Rhoda (Gage) Glover. He received his 
education at the academy iu Homer, N. Y., his father having removed 
to the town of Homer the year following tie birth of Lloyd. Daniel 



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1S63.J 



JV. E. Hist.-Gen. Sociely. 



183 

Glover for several jears pursued the occupation of an amateur agri- 
coUurist; his sons devoting their time to study. Lloyd, the youQg- 
est, was christened De Lloyd Gage Glover, but after be became an 
engraver, the similarity of the initials with those of an cider brother, 
De Lloy, who was also an engraver, induced him toobtaiti, while yet 
» minor, his father's conseut to change hia name to Lloyd. Aboat 
two yeaia ago, De Lloy Goishcd a ateel engraving of the Suepcnaion 
Bridge at Niagara Falls, 24 iuches by 32 in size, on which be had 
labored fur three years. Lloyd Glover, Francis B. Carpenter, a 
portrait painter, and Eiiiot Reed, an engraver, were kindred spirits, 
and the intimacy that existed between the trio was remarkable. 
The academic course of Lloyd tztended through several years, and 
be left the institution at Homer, with the bigbcat written enco- 
minraa of Prof Woolwortb, who has ever delighted to mention hia 
pnpil with honor. Like hia father, Lloyd poaaeased remarkable 
physical strength and courage, which was often manifested in youth- 
ful sports and pranks aft times uf a haziirdous character, such as 
scaling acclivities, exploring ravines, awimming atreams, &c. He 
exhibited at an early age much natural taste for engi'aving, and at 
18, came to Boston for the purpose of prosecuting his etudiea in that 
art. He attained great skill in hia vocation, and was evenlnally 
considered one ol the best and most rapid engravers in hie de- 
partment in the country. Mr. Glover's love of nature, and eapecially 
of bis native valley, was unbounded. He waa never weary of talk- 
ing, of the charms of bill and wood, atream and meadow, that 
abound there. He waa a poet of couaiderable ability, and repeatedly 
delivered poems before different societies in Boston, Maine and iu 
New York state. In his 20th year, while an apprentice at Boston, 
Lloyd waa brought prominently into notice in the vicinity of Homer, 
on the occasion of the Academical Jubilee in that place, July 8th, 
1846, for which occasion he wrote a poem, which waa produced in a 
, single night, the fact of the failure of the expected poet being made 
bjtnown to Lloyd only the evening previous to the celebration. The 
a poem ia thus eulogized by another: " For elevation of style, nervous 
[lonergy, atrong imagination without tho too common fault of exceasive 
Band far fetched metaphor, together with an easy, natural and un- 
Llabored pathos, it may challenge comparison with any effort of a 
Brdmilar character." This poem, with a brief biography of Mr. 
wOlover, has been given to the world in Goodwin's Pionttr HUtory of 
m'CoTtlaitd CouiUy, pp. 419-423, to which work we would refer the 
I reader. At his after residence at Lynn Beach, by the "ocean and 
I its sounding shore" — the beauties of which he so well described — 
Litis poetical taste greatly developed, and thero his best pieces were 
Kpomposed. Mr. Glover bad quite a taste for heraldry. He became a 
liZeaident member of the N. E. Hist.-Gen. Society in 1853. He m. 
^Tailette Imogen Hitchcock, dau. of Benjamin Hitchcock, of Strong, 
|.Me., iu Aug. 1849, She d. in Fbiladclphia, Jan. 6, 1S59, leaving two 
■ obildren, Frank and Florence. 

L Mr. G. pursued bis prufessiou of engraver iu Boston until about 
Ll858, when he removed to Philadelphia on account of his wife's 
Ehealtb. In the spring of 1860, he removed to New York city and 




JV. E. Hid.-Gm. Soddy. 



[April, 



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became a director in and trareliog' agent fortbe National Bank Note 
Company of New York, then just eBtablished. He was inalantly 
killed at the Sammit at Chicago, 111., on Saturday, Ang. 2, while 
huDting with a friend, W. N. Brainard, commtSHioD mercbaut of 
Chicago, by the accidental discharge of bis gun. At the time of the 
accident, he was about getting into a boat, Before doing so be 
reached his gun over into the boat, with the muzzle towards htni. 
The lock caught upon the gunwale, discharging the piece, and sendr 
ing the contents into his heart. He expired with a emile upon Ms 
face. He was a gentleman of the finest senBibilities, who by the 
warmth of his affection, his honesty of purpose and christian bear- 
ing, won the affection and esteem of a wide circle of friends. 

Nbwtok. — Hon. Edward Augustus, FittsGeld, Mass., Aug. 18, a. i 
11. He was a descendant of Thomas Newton, who came to this 
country, it is supposed, about the year 1688, as Judge Sewall, in his 
journal, under date of June 8, of that year says: " In comes Mr. 
West, and hath one Mr. Newton a new comer sworn an Attoroey." 
He was subsequently Attorney General. The following obitaary 
notice of him is from the Boston. News Letter: "Boston. — On Thurs- 
day the 2lBt June 1121, was interred here, Thomas Newton Esq., His 
Majesty's Attorney General for this Province, and Comptroller of Hig 
Majesty's Customs. He had been Judge of the Admiralty, Justice 
of the Peace, and for many years one of the chief Lawyers of the 
place. He was a gentleman, born in England, 10th June, 1660, be- 
ing Whitsunday, and died on the Lord's Day the 18tb passed, bein^ 
also Whitsunday, in the Cist year of his age. He was educated 
there, and entirely beloved both there and here by all that knew him. 
One who carried himself very handsomely to all, and just, in every 
station and Post which he sustained, being affable and courteous, of 
a circumspect walk and deportmeut and inoffensive conversation, of 
strict devotion towards God. Exemplary for family government as 
well as humanity towards all his fellow creatures, a lover of all good 
men, therefore the more lamented at his death. The funeral waa 
attended by His Excellency the Governor, Gentlemen of Hia Majesty's 
Council, with other principal gentlemen, merchants and others." He 
was one of the original founders of King's Chapel, Boston ; was a 
member of its vestry in 1698-9, and warden in 1704 and afterwards, 
A mnral monument was erected to his memory, in that church, by 
his great-grand son, Edward Augustus, the subject of this notice. 
The library of Thomas Newton was advertised for sale soon after 
his death and is said to have been the greatest and best collection of 
law books which had ever been offered for sale in the country. 
(Washburn's Judidai Hiitory of Mastadtusttts, page 206.) He was 
employed on the part of the government at the time of the prosecu- 
tion or iuTestigation of persons charged with witchcraft. 

Hibbert Newton, eon of Thomas, was appointed collector of the 
customs in Nova Scotia, in 1111, and held his office at Annapolis in 
the Bay of Fundy, where ho d. The wife of Hibbert Newton was a 
dau. of John Adams, at one time lieutenant governor of that pro 
vince, but who subsequently returned to Boston, where he d. Hon, , 



I86a] JV: E. Hvi.JGeii. SocUfy. • 186 

John AdaiDfl, was a brother of the celebrated Matthew Adams, the 
friend and patron of Dr. Franklin. In those days there was little or 
no traffic in the winter season by sea, with 'Nova Sct^tia, owing to 
obstmctions from ice in the Bay of Fundy. That seiasbn was always 
spent by Hibbert Newton in Boston, his native place,' and there bis 
son, Henry, the father of Edward Angnstas, was hbtn in 1782. At 
the death of Hibbert Newton in 1Y51, his son Henry succeeded to 
his appointment as collector of the customs in Nova S(^btia,* and as 
at that time Halifax had become the capital of the pr^ovince, he re- 
sided there until his decease, in 1802. Thus, the father and son 
held possession of the same office, successively, for 90 years. 

JSidward Augustus, the subject of this notice, was b. in Halifax, 
Nova Scotia, May 1, 1785. The maiden name of his mother, was Ann 
Staart, dau. of Gilbert Stuart, a Scotchman, who came to this 
country in 1746, and settled first at Narrangansett, afterwards at 
Newport, R. I., where he m. At or about the conclusion of the war 
of the revolution they removed to Nova Scotia. Gilbert Stuart was 
father of the celebrated Gilbert Stuart, the painter. The mother of 
Edward Augustus, in 1803, the next year after the death of her 
husband, opened a school for young ladies at Medford, Mass., and 
sfterwards in Boston. She d. in 1822. Edward Augustus came to 
Boston late in the year 1803, and obtained a situation in the mercan- 
tile house of Stephen Higginson and Company, on Foster's wharf. 
Early in 1805, he was sent by the company to India to transact busi- 
ness for them. He continued to be engaged, exclusively, in the 
India trade till 1826, when, having acquired a competency, he retired 
from busfness and resided permanently in Pittsfield. In 1815, he 
m. Miss Sarah Tileston Williams, dau. of John Chandler Williams, 
of Pittsfield. She d. at Rouen, in France, in Oct. 1836. In 1888, he 
m. Miss Susan Cleveland Tyng, dau. of Dudley Atkins Tyng, at 
Newburyport. In 1842 and 1844, Mr. N. was a member of the go- 
▼emor's council in Massachusetts, with Gov'rs Davis and Brigg^. 
He was for a long time president of the Agricultural Bank in Pitts- 
field, and a prominent member of the Episcopal Church. His funeral 
was largely attended at the First Congregational Church in Pittsfield, 
Aug. 22. Rev. Dr. Todd pronounced a fitting eulogy of the deceased, 
and Rev. Dr. Porter, of the Baptist Church offered a prayer. The 
burial services in the cemetery were conducted by Rev. Mr. Shaw, 
of Lanesborough. 

PoBTKR. — Hon. James Madison, Easton, Pa., Nov. 11, 1862, a. 69. 
He was b. Jan. 6, 1193, at his father's residence named Selma, near 
Norristown, Montgomery county. Pa. He was the youngest child of 
Oen. Andrew Porter, who was colonel of the Fourth or Pennsylvania 
Regiment of Artillery at the close of the Revolutionary war, having 
served throughout the whole of that struggle. Gen. Porter was b. 
in Worcester township, then Philadelphia, now Montgomery county, 
Sept. 24, 1143, and d. at Harrisburg, Nov. 16, 1813, being then sur- 
veyor general of the state. 

The mother of James Madison Porter was Elizabeth Parker, be- 
fore her intermarriage, and was b. in Upper Providence township, 



186 



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[Apr! 



then Philadelphia, now Montgomery county. She d. in Norriton 
Township, at the family mansion, May 18, 1821. Robert, eldeHt 
brother of James M. Porter, b. Jan. 10, It68, was president jndge 
of the 3d judicial district of Pennsylvania from 1809 to 1831 , and d. 
June 28, 1812. David Rittenhouse Porter, fifth son of Gen. Andrew 
Porter, b, in 1188, was elected governor of Penusylvauia, in 1838, 
and was re-elected in 1841. George Brjan Porter, the sixth son, b. 
Feb. 9, 1T9I, studied law and practised his profesaion at Lancaster, 
Pa., until 1830, when he was appointed marshal for the eastern 
district of Pennsylvania, and was subsequently, in Feb. 1833, ap- 
pointed by Gen. Jackson, governor of Michigan, succeeding Gen. 
Cass, which ofQce he held until the time of his decease which took 
place in July, 1834. 

James Madison Porter, was the seventh son. He has Glled the 
offices of president judge of the 12th judicial district of Pennsyl- 
vania; was secretary of war under President Tyler, and president 
judge of the 22d judicial district of Pennsylvania. He was made 
a corresponding member of the N. E. Hist.-Gen. Society in 1859. 
The family were originally from Lincolnshire, England. A part of 
the family emigrated to the north of Ireland in the reign of James 
I, and settled near the Isle of Burt, in the county of Donegal. 

Robert Porter, the father of Andrew, was b. in the yr. 16S8, at the 
lele of Burt. He came to this country and landed at Londonderry, 
N. H,, about the year 1719. He, however, proceeded to Pennayl- 
vauia, and eettltid where his eon Andrew was born, and lived there 
until the time of his death, on the 11th of July 1T70'. His name 
will be found as the first elder, signed to the protest against tba 
doings of the Presbyterian Synod of Philadelphia in 1711, in reUttt " 
to Messrs. Tennent and Whitefield. 



1 



Pratt. — Rev. Stillman, Middleborough, Mass,, Sept. 1, a. 58; a 
scendant in the sixth generation from John' Pratt of Dorchester, 
through John^ of Medfield, John^ of South Reading, Samuel* of 
Reading, Lieut. Ephraim^ of North Reading, Dea. Benjamin" of 
Reading. His grandfather, Ephraim^, d. in the war of the Revolu- 
tion, and was buried on the shore of Lake George, His father, b, 
in 1758, served also in the war of the Revolution, and d. Jnne 17, 
1842, a. 84. His mother, whose maiden name was Mary Smith, b. 
in Rowley in 1765, d. Dec. 4, 1853, a. 88. He was b. in Reading, 
April 24, 1804; pursued hia studies preparatory for college under 
John Adams, Esq., at Phillips Academy, Audover; grad. at Amherst 
College in 1831, and from Andover Theological Seminary in 1834; 
was ordained pastor of the Congregational Church, Orleans, Cape 
Cod, April 22, 1835, whore he remained four years; organized a 
church in South Adams, Mass . and remained with them nine years; 
organized the Congregational Church at Melrose, where he continued 
three years. In 1851, he was installed over the Congregational 
Church in Carver, Mass., and was their pastor three years. He be- 
came a resident member of the N. E. Hist.-Gen. Society in April 
1862. He was publisher of the Mother's Aiiitlitnt and Yoitng Ladies 
Fritnd, two years, and of the MtddUbora' Gasetfe, seven years. Whil 






1863.J 



JV. E. Hist.-Gen. Society. 



187 



pnbUsbiog the Gazette, he geDerally supplied pulpits in the vicinity 
on the sabbath. 

The Massachusetts Sabbath School Society have published of his 
productioiis: Tlie Two SamutU, The Glory and Downfall of Edom, 
"Hit TraUoT. The Wrecked Sailer Boy, and two editions of Bible Quei- 
tions, for youug children. He has also written and published, Life 
of FrtinoTU, a JOograpkital Catalogue of the Class gradiiating at AtnAerst 
CoUegt, in 1831 (his own class), and a thin pamphlet, entitled TAe 
Pratt Memorial. 

Mr. Pratt m. Ist, Eleanor MT Dickinson of Amherst, May 1, 1835; 
3d. Mary Kichardson of Stoneham, March 22, 1841, who d. Aug. 6, 
1848; 3d. Hannah Brigham of Grafton, Aug. 21, 1849. By his 3 
wives he had 13 children. His oldest son, Stillman Baxter Pratt 
(b. in 1836), established the first newspaper in tlje town of 
ifarlboro', Mass. His second son, Ransom Dickinson Pratt, b. iu 
1838, member of the junior class of Amherst College, served iu the 
medical staff of Dr. Otis, surgeon of the 27th Kegimcnt Massachu- 
setts Volunteers, Burnside expedition, and was in the battles of Ro- 
ftuoke and Newbern. 

WARE.-^Ephratm Groves, Boston, Nov. 8, 1862, a. 71. He was a 
deBceudant of Robert Ware, who settled in that part of Dedham, 
Mass., uow called Wrentham — was one of the original proprietors of 
ISDds in Dedham— d. in 1699. See Reg., vol. vi, p. 145. 

Robert and Elizabeth Ware, of a later generation, were the great- 
grandparents of Ephraim Groves Ware. They had a son, Timothy, 
b. Dec 23, ni6, who m. in 1742, Mary Healy, (b. Nov. 30, 1121), 
dan. of Paul and Hannah Healy. Their son, Elias, m. Deborah 
Groves, dan. of (Ephraim Groves, Jan. 25, 1781. Their eon, Ephraim 
Groves Ware, was b. in Wrentham, Aug. 35, 1791. He came to 
Boston abont the year 1806, was clerk with Mr. Conant, afterward 
engaged in business under the firm of Gulliver & Ware, continued 
about a twelve month, then formed a connection with his brother 
James, under the firm of J. & E, G, Ware. Their business trans- 
actions were carried on during the war of 1812. Meeting with re- 
verses, as did thousands of their fellow citizens at that trying period, 
be reUnquished business. On the 13th of May 1816, he m. Sarah 
Coverly, dau. of Samuel and Sarah (Winslow) Coverly. They had 
children: Samuel Coverly, Ephraim Groves, John Winslow, and Sarah 
Jane, who with their mother survive. 

In Oct- 1825, he went to New York city, and engaged in the shoe 
bnsiness, left in June 1829, and in the latter part of the same year 
went to New Orleans, expecting to go into business with bis brother 
Milton Ware. On reaching New Orleans, he learned, to his great 
disappointment, that his brother had been dead about a month. He 
remained in that neighborhood about six months, and then returned 
borne — went to New Orleans again in the latter part of the year 
1830, returtied in the month of June following, and in Dec. 1831, 
removed to West Wrentham, where be remained till the year 1845, 
when he came again to Boston. In 1850, be took up his abode in 
Wrentham Centre, tarried one year and a half, and then returned to 
Boston, where he resided till his decease. 



JV. E. Hist.-Gen. Sodity. 



1 

le was aal 



Mr. Ware was a member of the Common Council, in Bostoi^; 
1826, and of the board of School Committee in 1855. He ? 
energetic member of the Boston Huaears, a famous corps that t 
been extinct about a third of a century. 

He took a deep ioterest in the welfare of the N. E, Hist.-Gen. So- 
ciety, of which society he became a member in 1855, and was a very 
constant and punctual attendant at the monthly meetings. We miss 
his tall and venerable form — his pleasant countenance and his words 
of cheer. He has gone to join the numerous company of those who, 
having labored iu faitb, in hope, iD4ove on earth, have now entered 
into their rest. 

OrncKRa FOR THE Tear 1863. 
Praidnt^ — Wissi«w Lewis, A. M., M. D., of Boston.' 
Vitx-Pruidents. — Massachueette, Rev. Martin Moore, A. M., of Bos- 
ton; Maine, Hon. John Apple ton of Bangor; New Hampshire, Hon. 
Samuel D. Bell, LL. D., of Mancbeeter; Vermont, Henry Clark ^f 
Poultuey; Rhode Island, John Baretow of Providence; Connecticut, 
Eev. P. W. Chapman, A. M., of Ellington. 

Honorary Vice-PresideiUs. — New York, Hon. Millard Fillmore, LL. 
D., of Buffalo; New Jersey, Hon. Joseph C. Hornblower, LU D., of 
Newark; Pennsylvania, Hon. William Darlington, M. D„ LL, D^ of 
West Chester; Maryland, S. F Streeter, A. M., of Baltimore; Ohio, 
Hon. Elijah Hayward, A. B., of McCoDnelsville; Midiigan, Hon. 
Lewis Case, LL. D., of Detroit; Indiana, Hon. Ballard Smith of Terr« 
Haute; Illinois, Hon, John Wentworth, A. M., of Chicago; Wiscon- 
sin, Cyrus Woodman, A. M., of Mineral Point; Iowa, Rt. Rev. Henry 
W. Lee, D. D„ of Davenport. 

Corrajxmding Srcretary. — Rev. Oaleb Davis Bradlee, A. M., of Boz- 
bnry.i 

Rteording Secretary. — Edward S. Rand, Jr., A. M., of Boston.' ^_ 
r*-«i*ttJ-er.— William B. Towne of Brookline.i ^M 

^atoriograp/iir. — William B. Trask of Dorcbeater.i ^H 

Librarian.— John H. Sheppard, A. M,, of Boston.' ^H 

DirtctoTs. — Kev. Martin Moore, A. M., of Boston; Joseph Palmer, 
A. M., M. D., of Boston; John Ward Dean of Boston; Hon. George 
W. Messioger of Boston; John Barstow of Providence, R. I. 

Publishing Committee. — William B. Trask of Dorcbester;! Hon. 
Charles Hudson, A. M., of Leiington; Rev. EHas Nason, A. M., of 
Exeter, N. H.; John Ward Dean of Boston (Editor); William H. 
Whitmore of Boston. 

CommiHee on Lectures and Essays. — William Reed Deane of Brook- 
line;' Rev. W. F. Holland, A. M.. of Cambridge; Rev. Washington, 
Gilbert, A. M„ of West Newton; Thomaa Gushing, A. M., of Boston; 
J. Gardner White, A. M., of Boston. 

> Theee -wUh the put presldeDti, Rev. Joseph B. Felt, LL. D. of Silam, Hon. 
Wiltitm Whlling, A. U., of Boxburj', S«mnel O. Dnke, A. M., or Bo«ton, uid 
Col. A. D. Hodg«e of Roxbnrj, are «z-;fUi> mtimben ol the Board ot Directoii. 
The treunrer U ti-cffin» ■ membai of tlw Flnanoe, and the llbruiui ot the Llbmj 
Committee. 




jr. E. Hia.'Gm. Soddy. 189 



Cimmittm OH' Pinamee. — ^Frederic Kidder of BoBton;^ Hod. George 
W. MessiDger of Boston; J. Tisdale Bradlee of Boston; John M. 
Bradbury of Boston. 

Committee on ike LUfrary. — Jeremiah Golbum of Boston ;i Rev. 
Abner Morse, A. M., of Boston; Richard Briggs of Brookline; Wil- 
liam S. Appleton, A. B., of Boston. 

DmOmsitf ike Band Fund. — Col. Almon D. Hodges of Boxbory; 
ftederic Kidder of Boston; Thomas Waterman of Boston. 

T^ruHeet of the Bartiow Fvnd. — ^William B. Towne of Brookline; 
Od. Almon u. Hodges of Roxbnry; J. Tisdale Bradlee of Boston. 

Monthly Meetings, 1863. 

Ba9to% Jem. 7. — The annual meeting was held at the society's 
ttems, 18 Bromfield street, this afternoon, the president, Winslow 
Lewis, M. D., in the chair. 

The librarian reported that the whole number of donations daring 
fliie past year are as follows: Bound books, 380; number of pam- 
phlets, to wit, sermons, periodicals, speeches, catalogues, Ac., 1098; 
number of newspapers containing valuable matter, 20; number of 
original MSS., 36. 

. Ber. Caleb Davis Bradlee, the corresponding secretary, reported 
fh«t since the December meeting he had received letters from the 
following gentlemen accepting membership: Rev. Ebenezer Bur^ 

C, D. D., of Dedham, Mass.; Charles Sumner Fellows, Esq., of 
jor, Me.; James Parker, Esq., of Springfield, Mass., as resident 
members. From Henry Maine, Esq., of Brooklyn, N. Y., as corres- 
ponding member, and as honorary member, in place of Hon. John 
^ler, deceased, from Sir Bernard Burke, LL. D., of Dublin, Ireland, 
leister King of Arms. 

Wm. B. Trask, Esq., the historiographer read a memoir, carefully 
prepared, of Pishey Thompson, Esq., late of Stoke Newington, 
England, author of the history of Boston, Eug., and at one time a 
resident of Washington, D. C, a corresponding member of the society. 
Also a memoir of Ephraim G. Ware, Esq., of this city, lately de- 
ceased, a resident member. 

Wm. B. Towne, Esq., treasurer, reported the society entirely free 
fjfom debt and a small balance remaining on hand, both of the cur- 
rent receipts of the society and of the income of the Barstow Fund, 
which last is devoted to the binding of books. The treasurer also 
reported that a life member makes the offer of a donation of $1,000, 
provided a similar sum be raised during the coming year from life 
memberships, or by the donation of any one or more members of the 
society.' 

^ These with the past presidents, Re^. Joseph B. Felt, LL. D., of Mem, Hon. 
Williun Whiting, A. M., of Roxbnry, Samnel G. Drake, A. M., of Boston, and 
CoL A. D. Hodges of Roxbnry, are tx-qfieto members of the Board of Directors. 

' The payment of thirty dollars, by himself or others, will oonstitate any resident 
or corresponding member of the society a life member thereof, and entitle him, 
without further expense, to all the rights of a resident member during Ufe. 



190 



JV^ E. Hist.-Gen. Societj/. 



[April, 



Col. Almon D. Hodges, chairman of the trustees of tbe Bond Fund' 
made the anutial report. A letter was read from John W. Deac, re- 
signin)!: his position aa one of the trustees of that fund. 

W. R. Deane, Esq., chairman of the Committee on Essays and 
Papers, reported that nineteen papers and addresses had been read 
before the society during the past year, and that eight of them bad 
been printed, either separately or in periodicsals.' 

The nominating committee reported a list of ofBcere for the en- 
fining year, which was elected by ballot. Thia list is the same as 
that published above, with the exception of the Publishing Commit- 
t«e chosen by the directors in October, and the trustees who hold for 
life, Thomas Waterman, Esq., was chosen trustee of the Bond Fund 
in the place of Mr. Dean resigned. 

The president delivered the annual address, which was listened to 
with attention. Among other suggestions was the procuring of 
bnstfl of persons of note, and enlarging the biographical department 
of the library. A portion of his address was also given to a con- 
sideration of providing a building especially for the use of the so- 
ciety. He thought the labors of the society entitled it to the gift of 
such a building. A vote of thanks was passed to the president for 
his excellent address. 

' Tliis funil cotiaisU of the proceeds from the sale of Bond's Gmalagin and 
Hiilorg if WaXtTtoam, (he balance of the edition of which in aheotfi, wsa beqneftlhed. 
bjr the author to the sooletj (itntA, xiti, 2T4; xiv, 1-3; and cover Oot. leG9.| Th« 
nouej' received froni salpg is to be inveated and the income used for the purcham 
of local histories and genealogies. Thti book ia > thick ootivo, of 1094 otoael; 
printed pafjea, with portraita and mapa. Besides the historical matter, which ia 
intereiting and valuable, there ate genealoglt^s of a great namber of familieB. The 
following are some of the larger geneatogii>s ; Allen, Barnard, Bemis, BEgelow, 
Briscoe, Bond, Bawman, Boylston, Bridge, Bright. Brovne, Che»ter, Child, Coolidga 
(WlgglHBWorth), Cutler, CutMog, Dii, Eimlerbrook, Eddj, E;re, Fiike, Flagg, Pul- 
ler, Goddard. Goldatone, Goth, Hagar, Hsmmond, Bariiiiglon, Harru, HasUugs, 
Hoar, Hubbard, Hfde, Jt^unieon, Jones, Kimball, Lawrence, Learned, Livermore, 
Mason, Mister, Mone, Morcroee, Oldham, Park, Parkhurst, Peirce, PhllDpa (White, 
Abbot, Jewett, Spooner, TillinghMt, Quinc;, appendices to Phillips), Sallonal^, 
Sanderson, Sanger, Sljerman, Smith, Spring, Stearns (Stone, Talbot, Bellows, John- 
son, Redington, Sparbawlt. Newcomh, Pratt), Stone, Stratton, Tarbell, Thornton, 
Dpham, Warren, Wellington, While, Whitmore, WhlUiey, Whitlemore, Wood* 
ward and Wjnian. 

Some of these are fuller than mai<t of the genealogies published leparatelj in 
book form and many of them are brought down to the present time, Membera and 
others, who feel that the society is accompliiliing a pmiteworth; work, can ud it 
by helping the sale of this book. The price is 14, which is prububly less than iti 
cost to the author. It can t>e obtained of tbe trusteea (see list above), the librarian 
and S, Q, Drake, Boston: and of Joel Uuniell, Albany. 

' The following is a list of those printed: Jad. 1, 1S62, Annual Address by 
Winslow Lewiia, M. D., printed in the BigiMUr for April, 16S2, and also separately 
in a pamphlet. Feb. 1, Hemoirof Bartholomew Browo, by Ebenezer Aldeo, M. D., 
in a pamphlet. Apbil 2, Roanoke Island, by Frederic Kidder, Esq., in the CMti- 
maUal MoMhlj for May. Mat T, UUtorj of Die Society, by John U. Sbt-ppatd, A. 
M., in the Sigiiltr for July and a aepanle pamphlet July 2, Shakspeare's Cari- 
cature of Richard III, by Rev. Frederick W. Holland, A. M, in the CnnnMlaJ 
UonlUg lor September. Afo. S, State Rights, by Hon. Timothy Farrar, A, M., in 
tbe Ntv Enghwiir for October, and in a pamphlet. David HcLane by Johu O. 
Shea, LL. D., in Iha Rtgittr for October. Sipi. 3, Eav. John Cotton, by K*t. 
Nicholaa Hoppiu, D. D., in tbe CAvrcA ISanthly for Duo. ]ti62 and Jan. IgSS. | 



-^5 



JV. E. Hid.-Gen. Society. 



Tbo following committee were chosen to take meaBures auggested 
bf the president in regard to a building for tbe society, and to solicit 
life merabershipB; Wm, B, Towne, Esq.; Dr. Winslow Lewie; Wm, 
E. Baker. Esq.; Hon. Cbarles B. Hall; Hon. George W, MeeBiuger. 

FdymaTy 4. — A monthly meeting was held this afternoon, tbe pre- 
sident. Dr. Lewis, in the chair. 

Rev. Caleb Davis Bradlee, the corresponding secretary reported 
that since the January meeting letters accepting membcrebip bad 
been received from the following gentlemen: Rev. Increase N. Tar- 
box of West Newton, Henry W. Fuller, Esq., of Roibury, Theophi- 
Ina R. Marvin, Esq., Charles AugustuB Billings Shepard, Esq., and 
Rev. J. A. Vinton of this city, as resident members; Hon. Napoleon 
B. Mountfort of New York, and Dr. George Smith of Upper Darby, 
Pa., aa corresponding members. 

John H. Sheppard, Esq., the librarian reported that during the last 
month the following donations had been received: Number of books 
bonnd in part or wholly, 16; number of pamphlets, to wit, sermons, 
periodicals, &c., 1T9; manuscript, 1; annual files of newspapers, 9. 
Also 400 copies in sheets of genealogical aketches of the Yinton and 
other families, and 10 copies of tbe Vinton Memorial. The attention 
of tbe Bociety was espeuially called to the donation of three volumes 
on the VidssUudes r-f FamUUs. from Sir Bernard Burke. LL. D.. of 
Dublin Castle, Ulster King of Arms, which with previous donations 
from tbe same gentleman are of great value; also to the donation of 
Rev. John A. Vinton, of which appropriate notice had been taken by 
tbe board of directors. 

A paper was read by Rev. Increase N, Tarbox on the Popular 
fallacies respecting the race of Ham and the black race. The ob- 
ject of the paper was to show in tbe first place that we have, by a 
Kind of common consent, fallen into a wrong interpretation of the 
curse pronounced upon Canaan and his dcBcendants, and have re- 
garded the curse as uttered against the whole race of Ham, while in 
fact, as the curse stands in the Scriptnres, it is most carefully guard- 
ed, so as to cut off this loose and general application. In the nest 
placfl it was shown, as a simple matter of historical fact, that for 
two thousand years after the food, tbe race of Ham occupied the 
most commanding position in the earth. The great conquering na- 
tions of the early world were almost wholly of this stock. The first 
outgrowth of civilizalion, Assyrian, Egyptian, Phenician, Carthage- 
nian, which was the marked and noticeable civilization until the rise 
of the Grecian and Roman empires, belonged to the Hamatic branch 
of the human family. The common notiou that the black race of 
Ham had always been kept in an inferior, abject, servile condition, 
in the light of history was shown to be utterly false. It was next 
■hown that the race from which we derive onr slaves, if they belong 
to the family of Ham at all. which is not proved, certainly do not 
belong to tbe stock of Canaan, and never came under the corse pro- 
nounced upon Canaan. Moreover this black race has not. as is 
generally supposed, been drawn upon to any extent for slaves, ex- 
cept for the last three hundred and fifty years. In the great sum of 



192 Book MHcei^ [Aprf 

human elayery through all the agee of history, the slavery of this J 
black race forms only aa infinitesimal part. 

Some very interesting lovo letters written in 164T, by John Capt 
of Dorchester, were read by Wm, B. Traslt, Esq. 



BOOK NOTICES, 



TTfc History of King PAUip'i War. By the Rev. Increase Mather, % 
D; Alto a History of the. same War, By the Rev. (JorpON Mati 

D. D. To vhidi an added av, Introduelion and Notes. By Sah 

G. Drake, late President of the New England Historic-Genealo- 
gical Society. Boston: Printed for the Editor, and sold by him 
at No. 13 BromSeld street; also by J. Munsell, 18 State street, 
Albany. 1862. 4to. Pp. 282. 

We bave h«ce an eleguit reprint ot a very saarce. work, from a cop; printed «t 
London, " for Richard Chuudl, nt Ihe Roee and Crown in HU Fault Cbnrch Yard, 
according lo tliu Original Copj Printed in New Bngland, 1676." TLb period of th« 
histor; is embraced " from June 24, I6TS, wlien llie first En^Uthman it^a mur- 
dered bj Uie Indians, U> jtugiitl 12, i67U, wh^u Philip, aliu Mtiacomit, Iba pHuel- 
pal Anthor and Beginner of the War was slain " Mr. Drake bu aleo giren oi in 
conneotion with tlie above, Cotton Matber's history of the same war, wbioli waa 
origlnall? published in thu XagniUia. The two accounta are in different t;pe, and 
are suffiuienii? stiparated ou their respective pages, so that the reader ma; readlljr 
follow out each narr»ti»e, one being distinct from, and oft times ezplauatorjr of 
the otbisr. The iiilroduclory matter and uolvs by [he editor, manifoit the patient 
and Jndiaioua research which ever characleriae hig productions. We hope he 
maj be encouraged to oarrj' out to as Buccessfol a completion the contemplated 
reprint of Matber's Rtlalitm of Iht TroubUt icith Iht Indiatu in Neic England, prt- 
eiowfoPAiJi/jWflr.abook more rare, even, than the original of the one Just issued. 
The work before ns is illustrated with portraits, and contains an extended Isbalar 
pedigree of the Mathers, It is beautifullj printed bj- Mr. Uunseil, in the style of 
hia historical series, which bare deservedly receired Ihe encomiums of the press. 
The editor has appropriately dedicated Ilie volume to the present worthy and es- 
teemed Proaident of the New England Hisloric-Qenealogliial Society. 

Genealogy of a portion of the Popt family, together vrUA biographiaU 
noticet of Col. William Pope of Boston, and tome of Ait desctndanlt 
Boston. 1862. 8vo. Pp. 68. 

Col. Pope has done aervioe to his friends and family iu publishing these genealo- 
glcal and biographical skelcbes or a portion of his race. He has designed it aa a 
memorial of hia direct ancestors and of his immediate family and desoeudanU, and 
the design is properly executed. Should any of Ids kin conlemplate a more elabo- 
rate genealogy and history of the Pope family, tliey huTe here soinetbing mora 
thau a corner stone laid toward the nipetstruature. We hope the efforts of 11m 
compiler may be appreoialed- '*■* 

In Mtmoriam. Lieut. William (rretnough While, kiUtd at the hattUi 
Antietam, Stfl. nth, 1862. Printed for private circulation, 
pp. 15. 

This brief record, prepared by ■'member of our society, is one of thoaa m 

obaptera in (he annuls of the war, which will be its dialinotiiu feature, Grecnot^^fl 
White, the deaoendBDt ot Edward While of Craiitroukr, Eng., and Doro'— ' — " 



1863.J Book JfoUcei. 193 

ft joaog man of great capability for boBiness, and, as we can testify, deeply imbaed 
with a taste for historical stady. ^t the call of duty he did not hesitate to relin- 
quish his prospects of mercantile success, and the enjoyments of home, to take his 
portion of the inevitable dangers of the field. A favorite with his superiors and 
followers, he promptly became an efficient officer, and i)erished nobly in that battle 
which may well be called the turning-point of the war. 

Fraternal affection has wisely decided to preserve this memorial of his life and 
work ; and his name will be inscribed on that mournful roll, which commencing 
with a Winthrop, seems doomed to bear e^ery name dear to our memories as of the 
old New England stock. 

Address ddivered before the InhahUarUs of the Town of MUion, on the 200th 
Anniversary of the Incorporation of the Town, June 11, 1862. By James 
M. Bobbins. Boston: David Clapp, Printer. 1862. 8vo. pp. 76. 

3W Sermons preached in the First Congregational Church in Milton, on 
the Idth and 22d of June, 1862, and suggested by the Centennial CeU' 
bration on the Wth of June, 1862. By John H. Morison, D. D. Bos- 
ton: Joseph 6. Torrey, Printer. 1862. 8vo. pp. 66. 

Milton has been the residence of many men who have filled important places in 
the history of the colony, province, and state of Massachusetts. Mr. Bobbins de- 
votes a large portion of his excellent address to their biography. Among those of 
whom sketches are given are, Jonathan Belcher and Thomas Hutchinson, both 

fovemors of Massachusetts Bay, and the latter its historian ; Oxenbridge Thatcher, 
r., an eloquent opponent of the Writs of Assistance, and Hon. Edward H. Rob- 
bins, lieutenant governor of Massachusetts under Qov. Strong. The orator of the 
day is a son of Lieut. GK>v. Bobbins. 

Bev. Dr. Morison speaks m his first sermon of the church at Milton, its preach- 
ers and doctrines, and in the second of the domestic relations of the people of that 
town. By this means he gives us a picture of New England life, that in some re- 
spect will do for other localities. The last twenty-five pages of his pamphlet are 
devoted to a closely printed appendix of historical and genealogical matter. Me- 
moirs of Peter Thacher, John Taylor, Nathaniel Bobbins, and Joseph McEeen, all 
pastors of his church ; and genealogical sketches of the Vose, Buggies, Wads worth, 
and Pierce families, are given. Much information is also furnished in relation to 
the ancient houses and estates, aged persons, and representative women in Milton. 
Before its incorporation in 1662, Milton was a i>art of Dorchester. We find in 
these ]>amphlet8 nothing relative to the origin of the name. Some have supposed 
it to have been given in honor of the great Puritan poet; but it is more likely that 
the name was taken from some of the many Miltons in England, and x>erhaps from 
one in Dorset, not far from Dorchester, Eng. 

Social and Political Aspects of England and the Continent, In a Series 
of Letters, By Dean Dudley, author of " History of the First Coun- 
cil of Nice," " Officers of our Union Army and Navy/' etc., etc. 
Boston: Printed for the Author. 1862. 12n]o. pp. 144. 

• 

Mr. Dudley is no stranger to the readers of the Register. He has contributed 
several valuable articles to our pages, and his previous works have been noticed 
here as they appeared. The present work will be found interesting and useful. 
The BoitoH Pott of Nov. 5, gives a long and critical notice of the work, from whioh 
we quote the following : ** The book occupies a vacant place in the literature of, 
English travel. We have here just such an account as a returned traveler would 
give in conversation, of his travels, to a friend. The value of such a record ia 
obvious.'* Its ** merit consists not in a polished style or great display of learning, 
but in a candid, acute and wise observation of men and things in Europe, and on 
the continent, at a time when great changes in their government and institutions 
were setting in.'' 

A lithographic view of the Church at Faxton, Northamptonshire, is given as a 
frontispiece. 

13 



fZM 



Book JVotices. 



[April, J 



^7ie Origin aiid Signification of ScottUA Surname*, toith a Vacabutari/ 
of Christian Names. By Clifford Stanley Sims, member of the 
Society of the Ciucinnati of New Jersey, of the Historical Society 
of PenDaylrania, of the New Englaud Historic-GeDealogical So- 
ciety, etc. Albaoy, N, Y.: J. MuDsell, 78 State street. 1863. 
8vo. pp. 125. 

Mr. Slma haa not confiDed hiuiwlf lo plirtlj Scolcb BUrumieB, but bu isoludei 
those tbat are coTDDioi] to Scotland BD<IEDelnii>l,suvh as Broiru, (JlirtirBud Walker. 
or the Gr£[ name, he t«Us ub ib*l a funilf " originally BroDii and le BruD^^lM'k 
cotDpleiioued, , . .have tx^eu free BarouB of CoUtouii Id H&ddiugtonnhire, liilM 
1116," The oomaion fault of introducing irrel"Tant maltBr for the purpoM of 
making a parade of learning haa been avoided, and onlr what reall; illuatratM th« 
author's Bulijurt — the origin and BigniScalion of Scottish surnaiU'^a — has been m- 
leuteii. The plan of the book Is similar to Lover's Palnmymica Brilanitica, that ia, 
Mr. Bima proposes to do fur Scotland, what Mr, Lower does for the United King- 
dom; bnl the present work has natnes that Mr. Lower has otnltted, and nevu^ 
inli'resting matter will be found here of some which he gives. 

We will add that Mr. Sims has performed his labor with judgment and abiUtrt 
that the aompilation has been made fraiu various and auchentlu sources l aud, that' 
He. Hansen hac given Ihe work a dress worthy of its merits, It Is dedioaled bf 
the author to bis friend, R. Sbelloii Mackeoiie, D. C. L., of Philadelphia. 

An Historical lUfiarcA rtspccting tie opinions vf the Founders of the Re- I 
public on Nigroa as Staves, as Citizens, and as Soldiers. Read befort J 
tht MaisachuMtts Historical Sodety, August 14, 1862. By Geobgb I 
LivERHORE. Bostou: Printed by John Wilaoii & Son. 1862. 8vo. f 
pp, 216. 

Mr. Livennore, in the bulk;! pamphlet before us, Issued last October, 1 
leoted the opinions of the leaders of the revolution and the founders of the repub- J 
lie, as he finds them eiprei^sed in their writings or m teports of their speeobal, 1 
npon the snbject of Negroes — as cillienB, as slaves, ajid as soldiers. The oompilft- I 
tion is a valuable one at this da;, when the questions of emancipation aud of ■ 
ploying negroes as soldieni engross the public mind 

By a judieioua arrangeroent under various heads, the compiler has made it con- 
venient to ai-certaiu the opinions of (he founden of our govemmfut upon an; given 
point of interest connected with his subject He has »bowii, among other facta, 
that free negroes were regarded as citizens under the Articles of Con federation, anil 
that most of the patriots of the revoluliouary era. South as well as Norlb, nere tb« 
opponents of Slavery, or at least of lis extension. He baa also produoed abnndanl 
evidence relative tu negroes being used as soldiers in the Revolutionary war, and 
to their efflcienc; aa such. "That large numberg of negroes were enrolled In tiM 
annjr, and served faithfuU; as soldleis during the whole p«rioil of the War of tlw 
Revolution," he telle us, "may he regarded as a well -established hislorlcal factt 
and It should be borne in mind," be adds, " that Ibe enlistment was not conSneda 
by any means, lo those who had before enjoyed (he privileges of free cltiiens." 

The work has been very favorably noticed, and ne understand that a new edl- 
ion will soon be put to press. 

The Medical Register of the City of New York for (he Year 1862. By I 
Ceoboe n. TocKER, M. D., Corresponding: Member of the New j 
England Historic-Geneal. Society. New York: George Rassell, 
Printer. 1862. I8mo. pp. 116. 

This is the first of a proposed series, and promises to be a very useful work. It 
is well printed and clearlj arranged with a good index. The names of th» j 
offloers, and iu many cases of the meinbers of the vaiioue medical and sanitary at- I 
■ociatlons are given ; besidee a variety of medical elatistics, a medical necrology I 
for thB years 1860 and 18B1, and a medical chronology from 1691 if •""" ■ 



I 




1863.J 



Book Jfatices. 195 



2% Chopin Crenealogy, containing a very large proportion of the Descendants 
of Dea. Samuel Chapin, who settled in Springfield, Mass., in 1642. 
Collected and Compiled by Orange Chapin. To which is added a Cm- 
tmnial Discourse, delivered before the First Congregational Society in 
Chicopee, September 26, 1852, by E. B. Clare, l^astor of the Church, 
which was organized Sept, 27, 1752." Also, an Address, delivered at 
the opening of the Town Hall in Springfield, March 24, 1828, contain- 
ing Sketches of the Early History of that Town, and those in that vicinity, 
with an Appendix by George Bliss. Northampton: PriDted by 
Metcalf & Co. 1862. 8yo. pp. 368. 

It will be seen bj the title that the Chapins are to be reckoned amoDg the early 
settlers of New England, and the record shows that the progenitor, Samuel Chapin, 
probably broaght some of his children with him. The first portion of this record 
contains the families of those born Chapins, i. e., in many cases it includes the 
record of the marriages and families of the daughters. This part occupies 171 
I>ages and comprises 2490 names, all arranged in a very neat and clear plan. Part 
2d, pp. 175-221, contains such records of allied families as vere easily attainable; 
part 3d, pp. 225-233, is devoted to the descendants of Josiah Chapin of Braintree 
and Mendon, son of the first Samuel ; part 4th, pp. 237-256, contains Mr. Clark's 
Centennial ; and part 5th, pp. 259*^28. Mr. Bliss' Address and the Appendix. 
The last forty pages contain extensive indices. 

The reader will notice at once that this is a thoroughly good family record. Its 
aim is dearly set forth on the title page, and is well followed out. Not so ambi- 
tioos in its scope as some larger genealogies, it is excelled by very few of the same 
sixe, and by them only in a few minor points of convenience. We like very much 
the plan of keeping the female branches by themselves, since their interest gene- 
alogically speaking, lies more with the families of the husbands. The historical 
discourses which accompany the family record, do away with the necessity of notes 
in, for the family has particularly belonged to Western Massachusetts. 

We believe Mr. Drake has a few copies for sale, and our collectors will be prompt 
to avail of our intimation. W. H. W. 

History of Barnstable. By Amos Otis. 

Mr. Otis of Yarmouth Port, whose communications to our pages have made him 
familiar to the readers of the Regiiter, has commenced publishing in the Barmtable 
Patriot, a newspaper printed at Barnstable, Mass., a series of articles under the 
above title. The first number was printed in the Patriot for Nov. 19, 1861, and 
No. 63 appeared Feb. 3, 1S63. Mr. Otis informs us that the title of the articles is 
the printer's, not his ; and that it should be Hittory or Skdehea of Barnstable FamUiei. 
We approve of his taking up the genealogy first, but hope that, when he has finish- 
ed that, he will give us the history also. These sixty-three numbers contain gene- 
alogies of tl^e families of AUyn, Allen, Annable, Bacon, Bachiler, Basset, Bearse, 
Baker, Barker, Borden, Bodfish, Blossom, Bourman, Bumpas, Betts, Bonham, 
Blush, Blachford, Bourne, Bursley, Berry, Casely or Carsely, Chipman, Cobb, 
Claghom, Child, Coggin, Cooper, Coleman, Crocker. Seventeen numbers are de- 
voted to Crocker, and the genealogy is not completed. 

We are glad that the author has commenced preserving in print a portion of the 
minute and thorough knowledge he has gathered relative to the history and gene- 
alogy of the cape. From Barnstable and the neighboring towns, there have been 
large emigrations ; and descendants of the first settlers are scattered^over all parts of 
the country. The price of the Patriot is $2 a year. 

Vermont Quarterly Register, No, V, 

This, in its own department, is the marked event of the time, and Miss Hemen- 
way, its projector and editor, is doing the most difficult and effective service. It is 
a summary of local history so comprehensive, that no district is lost sight of, and 
yet so thorough, that if any shocdd disappear, its portrait will fairly recall it. 
The labor indeed is distributed upon many, and is made light comparatively by 
local familiarity and attachments ; but the responsibility ia <^^^ ^'^^ ^^^gG^«Ck»^ 



lApril, 



» 



oDlf b; tlia Bjmpatb; of iLowi, ao fuw, who eae Ihu gre&tnege of ■ irork ni well in 1 
llH progresB hh M its compldioii. It nould seem that thii insttnce of womui'i 1 
woilt, liDgering OB it muHt be lo be perfecUd, might bo better faUd. Mactc inrlttU, 1 
Raid Ihe Latin. Courage, brtve one. 

Expenmentt in SjnTilual Life ajid Health, and their Prtttreatiixt. 
which the weakest Child of God may get AssvTana of his Spiritualt 
Life aiid BUsiednaie. And the Strongest may find proportiowibk Dit- 
courtes of his Christian Growth, and the means of it. B; Roger Wil- 
liams of Providence in New England. Loudon: Printed in tbe 
Second MoDth, 1652. Small Itu. pp. 59. 

This is ■ reprint or a. yvty rare nork b; Koger Willianiti, so rare that ttis lat« 
Prof. Kdovleij in hiti Mia of tlie author, after giviug iU title, adds that no aopy baf 
BomB to hla kuowltfdge. The reprint, which contains a Judiuious hisloTiMl intro- 
duction by Rhv. Pranpia Wiyland, D. D., formerly preiiidenl oX Brown Unirendty, 
was iuued in January lost. Dr. Wayland gives this history of il ; " Stephen 
Baudall, Esq., a descundant of Koger Wiltiaios, a gontlemaa if bo oherisbes a pro- 
per respeut for the memory of his great anoeator, has been at much pains to prooura 
the axe o( Uus only two known uopics of this work, and at bis Instance it is now 
repabliahed. It !s nearly a (kcslmile of the original copy." 

Roger Williams is chiefly known by bis controversial writings, but this traet 
shows him in a more aereeable light. In the words of Dr. Wayhind : " There oan 
not be found in it a word of sectarian bitterness ; on the aoulrary, it everywhers 
breathes the spirit of catholic, ahristian charity." Mr. Randall coold not ha** 
paid a b^teT tribute to the mvmory of his ancestor, than he has done by this n- 
pablication. 

How a Fret PfojiU conduti a long War; 
By Charles J. Stills. Pliitadelphia 
pp. 39. 
Mviii the War go on ? An Inquiry whether the Union can be restored hy' 
any other meant than War, and whether Ptaa upon any other baoM ' 
wcmld be safe or durable. By Hekrt Flanders. Pbfladelpliia; Wil- 
liam S. &. Alfred Martien. 1863. 8vo. pp. 23. 
Nbrthern Interests and Southern Independence; a Plea for United Actio*,, 
By Chables J. Stillk. Philadelpliia: William S. & Alfred Martien, 
1863. 8vo. pp. 50. 

These timely pamphlets were issued last winter, when many of our people wera 
beginning to be disheartened. The first shows that perHeierauce has conquered 
diffioDlties fully as great as ours; the seaond, that a oontlnuatlou of the war will h» 
more likely to solve our difficnltlei, than an armistice or aconrentioni and tho 
third, that must disaatroas resalts would follow the acknowledgment of southern 
indspetidenoe. 



I Chapter from English Hittery, 
Collins, Printer. 1863. 8va 




ERRATA. 

Page 8, line W Irom top, Cootufl should be CaxHtf; and 21 from bottom, Jbriok 
Lewis should be baiali. 

PagH 11, line IS from lop, Lontnxo should bs Lorenxot and line IS, Lto X should 
have been CUmnU XIV. This Bautence would be more correct by xnlMtitnting 
after aiuf m tbU liue, Cardinal Ganganvlli, afterwards Pope Clement XIV, in ona 
ihich have so much holy unction, sny 8 of that beautiful place "Thet* 
yon will admire a uity, which accordiog to the remark of a Portuguese liouW <m^ 
bt shtnim Mt Sundayi." Also line 12 from bottom, Dtt. 1 should be ^db, 21 ; u3 
" ■!, Jany S should lie Nov. 3. 



I 
I 




-f. 



1863.] Memoir of Samuel Gardner Brake y A. M, 197 



MEMOIR OF SAMUEL GARDNER DRAKE, A. M. 

[1>\ .Tvii'*: !l. S .»■••. :. I..-')., '.ir li..:i-.- 

". Tiiir;- h- i'. v.'iy i;-- . ■: .wisL f >r ilio?*!' vJm' ji!'.'<' lliu biiipr.tpliii^al 
• . ,. Ii'fh JN wi'u.1 I :>'■•■ 'I.' -J ' — lioiitili' K l.\t-' of I*r '^'amuti John- 

■ .-^ !<» <ij)iiiT<ni li t'-'* ;4:i"'«i '«»:•} !,";•» 'd man, whc»so lifo, by 

■ '■ '.:ii- I't' llin.'-i* iiiiifii! i"I f' -/i iiiliii:;-. wfijch wiM 1).» read 

■ ill' .-i.-iii** wliii r »l' In -''Jt's. !■ ■ iii'i i»rn;n-iotv of 
..v."it,ilr.s :i\ iri»' i'vini.^, :i- !! . :% -li'.'i'i'il (hi:_v we 

• iruMi a-ul -■.»■■■» T-isii; I I ! t- ■ .-:. ' ■ ''. t in*:rit'>ri<ins 

• r liir iMii** i^r ivf Ji:i?* <1 )>■ '■ -.1= in:', i.-^ liOt a 

■..:r H*' ttii-i k»n-.l t':... -sirin-^-'M'. « ■ ' . • * '■ ' 1- < if n insiii, 

\';i:t!Lln'|- .'i i»c:n;t' -M Will'-- ■ : i ■ »" ' ' ' -^ -^ ■■! ■i'^.viverii^fl 

'.-■ "}jf^ri<.-.l M ;«i-\V f.:lli» -.r i!.-,*!'!!!!!'-.-: " ■*•;. v i,. ,." !■ .,nv l\ir(: — 

• ii li o.x:tll.*'! «.:lu»M «>t iho h':i:'.. -i [ ' ^ ■ .. ! . i;s '..il.'iit^ uiid 

. :•..»» "-if, r y ii!> •iivnsin^ I'il ■ ■ :•! l i." \ :■;.■".'. la:' .!'.'. ]\r hiiS 

V '"kft Irvirj-..- .:- I. .'i'^foii«'W , :\Ur-'. ■',-.■ '■::.. i 'i :.•■»! I. -if^B of 

•r.i!"(.^ — Hi" '»j 1 'fi. .f iinv ' I ■»•: ■ ■vu .■ ... 1 HI ri..i.-i' I?..n<»i*od 

j'Mri*"^, «\iiii-l- 'i a'l I St .»\M*, '..I .1 - ■ ■: '. :.. >:.« ■ ;■ '-^ 'I hiuo, 

■ i'»^ roini'K.^-'*'")'';*.-- uk-.I i'l;) • .i* • J . '. . . ". ;■' \ -t-' -, ifl.'H 

■j;"v. wl»v vvMi' f''! !iv is 'I-m-j ; ■ 'h, . .: .* ■ • ■ !•■. ■mhJ 

..r.s ? Ti.' =■ ' ". tv ;«•' tuu l.i: ■ • . •- ■:. ■•.. •■!• f^»: 

'.»'.({ I'f 1- ..', f.Mi lii.it »:i»* iji/.-i .:. ■ • "■:■' • !-.»va-.r 

»i»hv «'f =!(■ '.ii : 'i w< I ill is i.fi'iM; > ■ ••• .■.■■■■. ••:.;: >n 

:-jI-1[«h, fwM if ali.-li.trtioiir'. i'.fi-i ! •■ ■ v. .' ■ .. ■■■■: :^^ t.i 

:!'i.»r'vi. inli-s ■.!" i li'h.ivt;, y«'t, fi< w ! ■ . . -. < .. . n^. t » .-iKii-m 

' '■ '111- v ;i'l'-: i'j 's«.\'.'II w:i:i" , . , •*..- I'. ■ ■' ■ ■•.• ^^ i if,^. 

1 ': ' ^ X' '•'«*• -'vini.'- th?ii.';-li '•■■ ■' . - . »!■■ I : i- Jralh. 

Ti i> I'lir '.M-vj'-'Mji'-y <l!":iWf4 ii.», I -J r. •■ '■ ■ ,r f :i!i- liviiij^. 

■ i ."I"! "v :i r'';^api I'l lu'Vii. :in; "^ •■.■■ !' ' ..«i iiifr>iriir lias 

. . • "• I ;-. 'rar- a fi-v/ Mf*.linf.-» iii }).• '•■ ■■ ■ -.s , . ij.:> wtitieu 

:f -mI'Ii' l.'i»ii.-'. ascti -s ac.sfi \'« • ;. - '• ■ " : vj -if ilif* liist, 

■• ■ ;i ^- .\T'if aky i»i \\\\< r ' . • !: i, with (»ijlv a 

. ii ■'. r:hliMl i-Mi. 1»Y bis ' • ■ ■■•.'■_: : !!■. t;^,i ry, Uiid 

■' .; "lis 1 ili'.n-rf wilh'Mit tilt; J'" i. i ■ n- » ;•• ■•. ll-i; M.-ilt' 

. ij.-in'.'nt fr.^aj tIh* i^H'at, '■ . • ' . ii: -il. ,»».-.; aijy 

. ■ j-r"»t.iiatV {'licli* {111 'vii'i'ii •! ' > • ^Mts a'i«l jr-'iiciilo^y 

'li.L-Iaijil tl».*f)'".id. 

..u-.liMrr Drake v/u.i I- i: ■'■:■..■ N II , ttii iho lllh 

' r. ITi^"^. His falijt'i, Sli.i.- . '». n" !!\.'i I'liii? .lu land 

: = .ii rliMicil np and ritii^vaii .1 .,■ a }.ii:n : ii lay t'n the 

■ ■I'l- SnM::i»i»k ii i:v!;i whii'.li ;u!:-. t.i- -I, : .- r.jw.'i. ai-.'i sn|»- 
1 ii,i« w,ii-'- |M)wer to is'weral mil!.-- ' ' i-.iidsl u| luia 

Vol. XVII. 14 



I 

f 



-^r.v, y^»«,-i^p 



z 



1863.] 



Memoir of Samuel Gardner Drake, A. M. 



MEMOIR OF SAMUEL GARDNER DRAKE, A. M. 



" Bajle's diclion&r; U a vurj oseriil nork for Ihoao iflia love the biographical 
put of Ulentnre, which in what 1 love uiaBl."~Botuitiet Life of Dr. Samud Jehn- 
tan, Bill. I, p. 375, Malau't idUlcm. 

Such waa tlie opinion of that great and good man, whose life, by 
Boswell, is one of those iriiinitiible biographies which will be read 
while our lanpfuage endurea; for it is a fixture in tho mind of every 
lover of the Eugliah claasics. 

There are aome who call in question the wisdom aod propriety of 
writing memoirs of the living, as though it were a sacred duly we 
owe to truth aud good taate to defer the history of a raeritorioiiB 
ob&racter until the grave has closed over him forever. But, is not a 
judgment of this kind too atrlugeat and fastidious? For if a man, 
in " passing through natnre to eternity." has done hia country some 
good, whether in peace or war — if by his inventions or disooveriea 
be has opened a new path of naGfutness or enjoyment to our race — ■ 
if he has exalted either of the learned professions by his talents and 
erudition — if, by his morning toil or midnight lucubrations, he has 
ftdded, like Irving or Longfellow, a fresh charm to the elegaticiea of 
literature — or indeed, if one of our own citiKcns, like thfiao honored 
antiqaaries, Camden and Slowe, has rescued from the ruins of time, 
striking reminiacences and important facta in the early history of his 
country, why wait till he ia dead to take a photograph of his life and 
pursuits ? Then it may be too late to do justice to his memory, for 
it should be recollected that the moat interesting events of private 
life are often buried with the dead. It is from such delay that the 
biography of departed worth ia often ao meagre and dull, dealing in 
^neralitiee, lull of abatractions, and though written according to 
the strictest rulea of rhetoric, yet, from lack of ideas, failing to charm 
or edify the reader. Boswell wrote nearly all Dr. Johnson's Life, 
while the sage was living, though he published it after his death. 
So true it is that biography draws its beat pictures from the living. 

Influenced by a regard to merit, the writer of this memoir has 
endeavored to trace a few outlines in the life of one who has written 
several valuable books, and is deservedly esteemed one of the first, 
if Dot the first ANTiQOAftY in this country — a man who, with only a 
common school education, by bis talents and untiring industry, and 
commencing his labors without the patronage of the rich, or the smile 
of encouragement from the great, has dune more than almost any 
writer to perpetuate facts on which the early history and genealogy 
of New England depend. 

Samuel Gardner Drake was born in Fittsfield, N. II.. on the Uth 
of October, 1188. His futher, Simeon Drake, lived there on land 
which he had cleared up and cultivated as a farm ; it lay on the 
bank of the Suncook, a river which runs through the town, and sup- 
plies a fine wat«r power to several mills erected in the midst of this 

Vol. XVII. 14 



Memair of Samttsi Gardner Drake, ^. M. 



[Jnlyl 



198 



flourialiing village, Pitlefield is in tho northeast corner of Mi 
mack county, fifteen miles from Concord. Mineral ores have been 
fouDd there, and on its highest elevation lies Catamount MotmlaiD, 
80 called from a catamount having been killed there; on the sammit 
of which is a deep pond, some half a mile long, where in spring and 
autumn abundance of game rest from their migratory flights. The 
father of Samuel had four brothers, all farmers, three of whom settled 
in Pittefield; they belonged to that granite class of Now Hampafaire'a 
Bona, Doted for great energy, and self-relying industry. 

Hia first paternal ancestor in New England was Robert Brake, 
who emigrated from England about the year 16*2, settled in Exetett 
N. H., where, having brought out with him a quantity of goods, 
chiefly woolen, he opened a store. His family was two sons and 
daughter, one of whom, Nathaniel, was his clerk; and there ia 
Btrong probability that this young man, having afterwards left tb! 
part of the country and gone south, became the founder of tlie Nei 
Jersey family of Drakea, of which was the late Benjamin Drake, 
Esq., editor of a literary newspaper, and Daniel Drake, M. D., hia 
elder brother, a distinguished physician, and profeaaor in the medical 
college, who published several elaborate worka. These brothers 
belonged to Cincinnati. It appears from a correapondence which the 
subject of this memoir had with Dr. Drake, in hia lifetime, that it 
was his opinion that Robert Drake, of Exeter, was very probably 
their ancestor. The other son of Robert, Abraham, lived on the 
paternal estate, and from him the New Hampshire race descended. 

It may be atated with some aaaurance, for the evidence, on exami- 
nation, haa great weight, that Robert Drake came from Uerstham, 
county of Surrey, England, a considerable village, three and a half 
miles north-eaaterly of Beigate, and that he waa the fourth son of 
Henry Drake of Keigate, by Mary, daughter of Richard Lea, Esq., 
of Maidstone, county of Kent. Henry waa a descendant of the 
Devonshire family, whose scat was at Ashe. Hia ancestry may be 
traced to a remote period by the Hernlds' Violations. A monument 
to his memory is still to be seen iu the chur<.'h at Rcigate, on which 
hie death is recorded, as of December 31, 1609. 

Robert Drake of Exeter, died in 1G68, aged 88, according to tlw 
church records of Hampton, N. H., his last residence ; of course tw 
must have been born in 15S0. About 1650 he purchased an estate is 
Hampton, of Francis Peabody, and removed there. Judging from 
his will and inventory, be must have left a valuable property for 
those times. His oldest son, Abraham, waa the devisee of the place 
since known as Dbake Side, in Hampton ; he was a prominent citizen, 
Marshal of the county then called Norfolk, and did military aervioe 
in Philip's war. The homestead has descended iu the name of Abi 
ham Drake, for nearly two hundred years, and is, to this day, 
family. 

Abraham, the son of Robert had several children, one of whom 
Abraham, who inhf rited the estate of Drakk Sme, by his wife Sarah, 
danghter of Maurice Hobbs, among other offspring had a son Abra- 
ham, who married Theodate, daughter of Samuel Roby, Esq. Thik 
aoQ was the father of Simon, and great grandfather of our Mr. 
Drake; Theodate (Roby) Drake, his great grandmother, was graod*- 



i 



sen, 
'ioefl 



1863.] Manoir of Samuel Gardner Drake, Ji. M. 199 

dangliter of Chriatoplier Husaey, by Theodate daugliter of Rev. 
Stephen Buchilcr, and thus the name of Theodate came into this 
lineage uf the Drake family, aod is retained to this day. 

Simon Drake, his grandfather, settled in Epping, N. H., when that 
place was the remote boundary of civilization in that elate. This 
border town was exposed to constant attiicks from the Indians who 
lurked in the neighboring woods, and who had already killed and 
captured several inhabitants within three miles of his house. Hia 
farm was beautifully situated on the old road leading to the centre 
of Nottingham Square; and now is the property of a grandson of 
Simon by the name of Plunimer. On this spot, June 15th, 1761, 
Simeon the father of Mr. Drake was born, who died in Concord, N. 
H., January 1, 1834. in his tOth year, and there lies buried in the 
North cemetery by the side of his wife whose death transpired Aug. 
8th. 183"r, aged 69. 

The mother of Mr. Drake was also of a Hampton family. Her 
paternal ancestor was Robert Tucke, who emigrated to New Eng- 
land from Gorlston near Yarmouth, county of Suffolk, and was one 
of the first settlers of Watertown, Mass., which he left about 1638 
and took np hia abode in Hampton. Among her emigrant ancestors 
were the Adamses of Braintree, Baxters, Blisses, Checkleya, Doles of 
Newbury, Fords, Gerrishes, Gibbons, Hutchinses, Hutchinaons, Jones, 
Kirklands, Paddys, Parsonses, Philbrooks, Rolfes, Sherbnrnes, 
Stronga, Toinpaons and Wheelwrights; so strangely do the divers 
threads oF cohaanguiuity often become interwoven after two hundred 
years in the great network of genealogy. The Rev. John Tncke of 
Epsom, N. H , was the father of Love Muchmore, the mother of Mr. 
Drake. Mr. Tucke was a graduate of Harvard University. 1158, as 
was also his father the Rev. John Tucke. who took bis degree in 
1723, settled at Gosport, and died in 1713. In Allen'a B'wg. Sid., 
he is descrilied as a faithful and learned minister. The son, served 
KB a chaplain in the revolutionary army, and died at the early age 
of 87, leaving a young family with slender means for support. The 
subject of this memoir, derived his name Samuel Gardner from 
Samuel J. Tucke his mother's eldest brother, and bis wife, whose 
maiden name waa Gardner. 

In 1805. his father, who had not a robust constitution and found 
the labor of farming too severe, sold his homestead in Pittsfield and 
purchased a trading stand in the adjacent town of Northwood at a 
place called the Narrows, where he opened a store. This town was 
noted for the beauty and variety of numerous sheets of water, 
making not less than ten ponds, abounding with fine fish. On their 
banks and in the woods adjoining, Samuel was fond of wandering; 
and being of n slender and delicate habit of body, he was much in- 
dulged by his parents; and in truth be was more fond of play than 
of books. He saya "he was ten years old before he could believe, 
that schools were instituted for any other purpose than to punish 
children." This idea, perhaps, was confirmed by seeing the sticks 
laid up like rods in pickle, behind the master's chair; a poor en- 
couragement to draw the inoffensive little ones toward the Elysian 
Fields of literature. A great improvement has since been rande and 
in this particular the generation now passing is wiser tfao'< ""> QeAt,. 





Memoir of Samuel Gardner Drake, Ji. M. 

There wns a time in daye gone by, when harshness of look and 
severity of discipline were deemed among the virtues in governiag 
the infant race, The Kindergarten institution had not then appeared 
and the echoolhonse must have eeemed like that gloomy place, where 

" CimCiniip audita dkm. vagit^t tt iTtgmt 

Infantumgui aitxmir fienlti in limint prima -■" — VinoiL. 

, where Rhadamanthus caitigatqve awiilgue, firat 
castigates the offender and then hears his offence. But those day* 
of darkness, we trust, with all the horrible doctrines of " Infant 
Damnation " have gone forever. Samuel, however, escaped the rod, 
but long, long remembered the terrible frown which threatened it. 
ription is not too highly colored, when we call to mind the 
rigid discipline of some of the piiblii.' schwis of other days, in which 
the austere pedagogue seemed to thiuk it was his bounden duty to 
whip the sin of Adam out of every child under hia care 

We must acknowledge, that it is the glory of New England, that, 
; to her religious institutious, the early Fathers cherished Iho 
meaus of educatiou. They laid the foundation deep and durable in 
oar primary schools ; a system almost unknown in £urope, by which 
the children of all classes of society are taught the elements of 
wiedge. It was a subject of legislative care and provision in 
the colonial days and has been so ever since. Indeed (here is hardly 
a village so small and poor, among our hills and valleys, whore the 
church spire and the schoolbouse rise nut to view in the landscape;- 
the one teaching usefulness on earth, the other poiutiug to immor- 
tality. It should, however, be observed, that in sparse settlements 
sixty years ago, the pupil had but three months of public schooling 
a year, and it has often beeu so since. Yet it is a fact well known, 
Ihut tliuse lads, taken from the plough and the axe, who wished to 
learn, made great progress in their studies in that short time; for 
they came to their books with a vigorous intellect, and studied with 
all their might, reminding us of the celebrated Divine, John Wesley, 
tnd sisters, each of whom was taught the alphabet 
'ed by their accomplished mother. 

urchin, was peculiarly strong, 
I time, Mr. Drake remarked to me, 
"I well remember the hour when I firat saw the school-house, entered 
its solemn apartment where the boys and girls were sitting at their 
forma and the master at his desk. He used to attend personally to 
each class, from the little A B C's to the large ones in geography 
or grammar. My first impressions of that school were anything but 
pleasant. Being naturally very timid, I was aadiy frightened at the 
stern look of the master. To learn my lessons seemed a desperate 
nndertaking, and it was a long time before I could believe and feel 
I waB not in danger of being annihilated." 

His older brother, John Tucke, of an athletic and hardy frame 
took to his books and made great progress in his studies ; he was 
an excellenl scholar and eventually Samuel pro6ted by following his 
example. The school he attended was inferior to the one in Pitta- 
field, and these brothers often waded two miles through the deep 
half trodden snow to another difltriot, for the benefit of better in- 



i 

t 

I 

i 



and his brothers 

in one day ; a feat achiei 

His aversion to school, whei 
In speaking of his boyhood at thai 



1863.] Memoir of Samuel Gardner Drake, A. M. 201 

Btrnction. Thus passed some years in which thej were employed 
on the farm in summer and went to school in winter. John was four 
years older, and being on a visit to his uncle Samuel J. Titcke of 
Boston, an importer of painte and oils, lie was engaged by him as 
cleric in his store, and in the autumn of 1816, youn^ Samuel joined 
his brother as under-clerk. Soon after his uncle removed to Balti- 
more, and tfiese lads accompanied him. But, the prospects before 
long were discouraging; he closed up his business; and Samuel, at 
the end of six mouths, returned to New England, John remained 
there somewhat longer, and afterwards settled in Cincinnati, became a 
mao of extensive bueiness, and was highly respected. He died of con- 
Bumption in New Orleans in 1830, where he had gone for his health. 

Samuel became acquainted in Baltimore with a French family and 
availed himself of the opportunity in gaining' a considerable know- 
ledge of the French language He had become anxious for improve- 
ment, and devoted all his leisure momonts to study. Being fond of 
mathematics, he acquired a pretty general knowledge of surveying, 
and by the aid of Dr. Button's Course of Mathematics he made no email 
proficiency; afterwards when a school teacher, he was often seen 
with some of his pupils, buey in the field teaching them the use of 
the chain and theodolite. 

Samuel returned to his father from Baltimore. At this time John 
Eelly, Esq., who rose to some distinction afterwards, was an attorney 
at law at Northwood; ho had received a collegiate education at 
Dartmouth, 1804, and with him Samuel pursued his studies Id various 
branches, for several months, as it eeemed a pleasure to this fins 
young man to review his old exercises and impart instruction to an- 
other. The Hon, John Kelly died much lamented at Exeter, where 
he lived, in November, 1860, aged Tl. 

In 1818, being now 19 years of age, Samuel was offered the charge 
of a school in Loudon, N. H., at $8 per mouth; but it was of a short 
duration, because, the funds were exhausted. Young as he was, 
however, he was told that he gave general satisfaction, and in the 
opinion of many, was booked for a schoolmaster. Though in some 
respects this occupation was not congenial to his taste and ambition, 
yet be resolved to follow it, until something better should offer, be- 
cause it secured him for the time an honorable support, and an op- 
portunity for improvement. 

He was engaged in this employment five years in different parts of 
the coiiQtry. In 1819 and 1820, he taught school in New Jersey, and 
the last year had the care of the academy in Columbia, about four 
miles from Morriatown, where he resided chiefly in the family of Mr. 
Ward, whose son, Stephen D. Ward, a recent graduate of Princeton, 
was a good classical scholar, and under hie tuition he renewed his 
study of Latin. The mother of this young man was a sister of the 
late Rev. Stephen Dodd of East Haven. And let me here remark, 
that this fondness for the company of intelligent and learned men, 
and great desire to get knowledge wherever it could be obtained, 
marked the boyhood of Mr. Drake, predominated in his riper yeari 
and has always distinguished his path of life. 

Ill health, however, compelled him to leave New Jersey, and return 
home, where, in 1820-21, he studied medicine with the Ute Dr. 




^ 



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^ 



MtTTioir of Samuel Gardner Drake, A. M. 



[My. 



ThomaB ShannoD of PUtsfield, N, H., and id the lueanlime took cbarge 
of a few acholiirs whom he instructed in the commou branches of 
learniug, He wus ugaia urged to becume e, teacher, and naa en- 
gaged as euch iu Bouie of the public schools, until the spring of 
1824, when tired of the busiiiesB, he determiDed to reliaquisb it. For 
some time bis atteuticn had been draws to tbe bookselliug line, 
though practically he bad do csperience in that kind of trade, ^a 
was Bouiewhut induced to seek this employment from his love of: 
autiquariaii resesrcbes, and, from an acquaintance with John Farmer 
and Jacob B. Moore, eminent antiquaries; one the author of FarmerV 
Gen. Regutrr, when secretary of the N. H. Hist. Society, and both 
editors uf ibe N. H. Hist. CoUeclumi. Tbeir conversation fostered 
■ucb a taste, and tbeir friendship was dear to him during their live& 

But to commence as a bookseller, without acquaintance with that 
kind of business, and without capital, for he bad not been able to 
lay up much of his earnings, was an arduous and desperate undertak- 
ing; at least it would have been so to most persons, but to a young 
man, who, when he had made up his mind to do a thing, was resolved 
that it must be done, so far as it was in bis power, ibe prospect was 
different. Mr. Drake knew what it was for a man to rely upon bim- 
self, husband his resources and persevere to the end; lessons learnt 
by youth among thu Green Mountains of Vermont and Granite Uilla 
of New Hampshire. 

In the summer of 1824, be travelled through that part of Masso- 
cbusetts called the Old Colony, Rhode Island, Connecticut and a 
section of New York. In his tour he was enabled to gratify bis 
antiquarian taste; having found on his way a copy of Gburch's 
Enttrtaining Hutory of King FhUip't War, a scarce book wliicb be 
had never before seen. U was of the edition of 1172, the latest then 
prioted. From the pleasure it gave him, he was convinced it wonld 
bear a new edition, issaed proposals and by the help of a younger 
brother succeeded in obtaining near a thousand subscribers, chiefly 
residing in the Old Colony, who had heard of and wished to read tba 
exploits of Capl. Church. In three months the work was published 
and sold, yielding a uet profit between $100 and $600. This accom- 
panied with his own preface and appendix was his first offering aa 
au editor. 

In the meantime his father, whose health had long since begun to 
fail, became incapable of hard labor, and was reduced in bis cir- 
cumstances; and Mr. Drake, though his own resources were small 
and his prospects uncertain, with that filial affection which is ths 
duty of every son, but not always cherished by children estranged 
from a parents' bome, purchased a small farm for him in the northern 
part of Northwood and provided for his comfort. 

He published in 1827 an improved edition of Church's Hittory which 
was elaborately edited and stereotyped, being one of the first fruits 
of the stereotype press in Boston. The sale was slow, and it was 
less profitable than the other. The following year he embarked in 
the book auction business, which continued to mSO, when it proved 
a failure, iu some measure from his want of experience, but more 
from the faithlessness of one who unfortunately was in the concern. 

At last incited by love of hunting after literary game among old 



I 



I 



J 



1862.] Memmr of Samuel Gardner Drake, 

books and neglected MSS. be deterraiaed to open an Antiqaariaa 
Book store, as an experiment, and bired a place, No. 63, in Corabilt. 
He began July 10. 1830. It was the first store of the kind in the 
United States, wbicb was devoted almost exclusivelj to Antiquarian 
literature, and bore ttiat title. Any one wbo lookB back 80 jears 
ago to Cornbill, formerly Market street, for the name was changed in 
1828, may think that our antiquary made a poor choice for a book 
stand in this lonely forsaken street; for there were but two or three 
occupied stores from Court street to Franklin avenue on one side ; and 
on the other, though the handsome circular stores on the curving 
sidewalk might attract the eye, yet their rents hud diminished from 
$T00 to 1300 a year. At one time Corohill, though a wide and pretty 
street, having Hogarth's curve of beauty, aeenied deserted as though 
out of the way of business. Such is the caprice, fashion, or " Boston 
notion," about localities for trade — changeable as the Chameleon or 
Aspen leaf. 

This locality was selected for the novel experiment, on account of 
the cliebpnesB of the rent, his faith in its eventual success, and an opi- 
nion that heavy expenditures were not necessary. It turned out well. 
The Antiquarian Bookstore was an institution. It was frequented by 
many visitors from the city and neighboring towns, searching for 
choice books "out of print;" it atirncted people from remote places, 
men fund of research in the pigeon holes of antiquity, and who liked 
to look into the learned writings of by-gone ages. Few establishments 
of Ibe kind have been more extensively known and patronized. la 
about a year he removed to the opposite side of Ciirnhill, where the 
rent was still lees and the store larger. In this place be continued 
in the same pursuit twenty-two years, until the old stores, of which 
his was one, were taken down, and the lofty Seitrs' Block erected on 
the site. During this long period, by his industry and economy he 
maintaiueil a large family, but he laid up no wealth; nor did that seem 
an object to one so fond of ancient books and reading. He had bis 
trials and hie misfortunes, and bore up under them like a philosopher 
and a christian; but as they concern not the public, and every man's 
house is his castle, let the dour he closed, where as Lord Chatham onoe 
said in Parliament, even " the king can not, the king dare not enter;" 
much more, curiosity, the born sister of mischief, has no right there. 
Mr. Drake was early impressed with the value that a series of the 
school books which had beeu used in this country from its settlement 
would possess iu illustrating the history of American education, and 
began a collection which his subsequent business furnished excellent 
opportunities fur enlarging, and which twenty years ago amounted 
to about 400 volumes, including all or nearly all that had been pub- 
lished here. About 1843, an agent of the British Museum, seeiog 
the value of the collection, bought up the whule of it to take to Eng- 
land. It bad previously been offered at a much lower rate to a leam- 

i institution at home, but such matters not being appreciated then 

I tbej are now, it was refused. 

L In 1832 he published a 12mo. votnme, 348 pp., entitled Indian Bi- 
' vcfhy, "containing the lives of more than two hundred Indian 

liefs." It met with a fair sale, and the edition of 1000 copies was 

Y>a exhausted. Written io some haste in the midst of bnaioeu 



204 Memoir of Samuel Gardner Drake, Ji. M. t^"'?* 

the book may have diaappninled that clasa of readers who look 
more to the outward drapery of the etyle, than to the important 
and well authenticated facts cootained in the work. This biography 
of IndiaQ life is valuable for the matter it cmbmceEi. By permis- 
sion of hia kind friend, the Rev. William Jenks, D. D., one of our 
greatest antiquaries, liuguisls and Glassic scholars, Mr. Drake dedi- 
cated it to him. He continued his labors in the same Al'origii 
field, and the following year isaucd the work in 8vo. form, and ei 
larged it with three times the amount of matter, and called it Tht 
Book of the Indians. The title was fortunate; in the hands of a skill- 
ful publisher, or influential member of the " trade," it would have 
secured a small fortune to the author. It was stereotyped — a lucky 
circumstance, as several editions were called for, even to tha 
eleventh, in 1851. Since then, it has been "farmed out," and hw^ 
interest therein has ceased. 

The Book of the Indiani, although Mr. Drake thinks it falls short ia 
many particulars of what he intended to make it, is yet an extensive 
collection of the lives, customs and events, wbich the peculiar cha- 
racter of the Aborigines of this country exhibited, and is every- 
where referred to as a standard authority. Tiio materials were 
gathered with very great labor and research. The high estimation 
in wbich it was held by some of our learned men, may be judged of 
by the following letter from Bishop Potter, received after the aghlk 
editioQ was publiehedi 

"Union College, July 28, 1843, 
" Samuel G. Drake, Esq.: 

" Dear Sir — It gires me pleasure to inform you that the Trustees 
of Union College, in consideration of your laborious researches 
into the Aboriginal history of the country, resolved at the late Com- 
mencement of the Institution to confer on you the Honorary Degree 
of Master of Arts. Alonzo PorrBB." 

The diploma soon followed; and seldom has this degree beengivel 
to a more deserving man. 

In 1836 he issned the Old Indian Chronidt. This was a collection 1 
of tracts, published in the time of King Philip's war, and nrittm i 
chiefly in Boston to parties in England. He added a preface an4 J 
notes, and appended a pretty extended chronology of events in 
Indian history, in form, 18mo.; as only a small edition was pub- 
lished, copies have since become scarce. Three years later he pub- 
lished the Indian Caplivitia, a I2mo. of 360 pages. It was made 
up of narratives of persons who had been captured by the Indians. 
Many of these arc among the rarest tracts in American history. The 
work was edited by Mr, Drake, and bad an extensive sale. 

In 1840 he received an invitation from Copenhagen to become a 
member of the Society of Northern Antiquaries: he accepted it and 
a diploma of membership was sent Lim. Previously be had been J 
made a member of several historical societies, an honor he nevevl 
sought, but always highly appreciated. I 

In the formation of the New England Historic-Genealogical So- 
ciety in 1845 — an account of which may be found in the Begisler, 
vols, iz and xvi — he took an active and prominent part, as one of the 



our _^ 
cdi-S 
inal ■ 
eo-^B 
7He ■ 

1- 

e 

y 

:l 
4 



1863.] Jtfemoir of Samutl Gardner Drake, A. M. 205 

five origiDatore. He was the first corresponding secretary, and 
beld tbat office by annual election twelve years. In 1858 be was 
chosen president, and in January 20 of same year made an inte- 
resting address to the members. This, with that of Rev, William 
Jenks, D. D,, William Whiting, Esq., in 1853. and Dr. Winslow 
Lewis, our president, in 1852, have all been publisbed. These will 
give the reader much information touching the object, progress and 
euccesB of Ibis institution. 

Connected with the society and almost coeval with ita establish- 
ment, was the issuing of a periodical — the N, E. Historical and 
Genealogical Register. It was commenced January, 1847, a quarterly, 
and bas now reached sixteen complete volumes, and is still patron- 
ized, but in a much leaa degree than a work of eo much labor and 
cost deserves. The prospectus for the Register was issued in 1846, 
and it! December of that year. Mr. Drake "made a pilgrimage to 
Plymouth," in hope to procure patrons at the celebration of the Land- 
ing, but be met with small success. Yet he persevered, and by the 
encouragement of Charles Ewer, the Bret president of the society, 
be was induced the next year to make a trial, took all the risk, and 
paid a heavy salary to an editor. This he thought a serious "mis- 
take," as the friends, who evinced a warm interest in the success of 
the periodical, were too few to prevent a loss. The year after he 
assumed the charge alone, us editor and publisher, and since that time 
has principally conducted this quarterly, to the end of volume 
IV ; since which it has been published by Mr. Munsell of Albany, 
and, excepting three numbers, has been edited by Mr. Dean. It has 
never been a "paying work." In retiring from the charge of the 
JUgister, Mr. Drake, in his preface to vol. xv, remarks: "For the 
greater part of fifteen years, in which the work has been in progress, 
I have been editor and publisher, and I should, in duty to myself, 
Btate, tbat the patronage it received, has never allowed me to bestow 
that labor upon its editorial department which I should have bestowed 
under a more prosperous state of its finances. During my residence 
in Europe, it was under the editorial charge of Mr. John Ward Dean, 
and Mr. William B. Traak, and though never more ably conducted, 
yet there was a wane in its circulation, which bas continued to the 
present time." 

The writer of this article has already spoken of the Register, "as 
ft reservoir of facts * * « • a copious fountain from which 
some works on pedigree have drawn a rich supply of materials ; " see 
vol. XVI, p. 209 ; he can only add, that it deserves the generous sup- 
port of every member of our society, instead of struggling with 
difficulties. This ought not so to be. 

Since his first embarkation in the sale of books, Mr. Drake remarks 
" he was careful to preserve for future use, a copy of all pamphlets, 
and ephemeral productions of past times, and relating to Boston." 
Although he bad then made no proposal to publish a history of this 
city, yet the subject for a long time had engaged his attention, and 
might occupy bis pen hereafter, as in 1852 he hud collected pamphlets, 
which, neatly arranged in covers and labeled, exceeded a hundred 
volumes. In the midst of business and the conduct of the before 
named periodical, he then commenued putting together his materials 





I 

I 
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Memoir of Samuel Gardner Drake, A, M. 

fgr a HUtitry of Boston, wliicb he completed as Tar dowD aa 1710( 
it was published in iiunibcrs, making a liandaome ruyal 8vo. volume 
of 810 pages. Ad account of the progress and completion may be 
seen in the preface to it. It waB upw;irdB of three years in passJDg 
through the press ; the first number issued Sept. 1, 1852, the last 
April 2, 1S56. 

In speaking of this elaborate work, Lucins M. Sargent, Esq., a 
fine classic scholar, and eminently known as a powerful writer, 
remarks of Mr. Drake, under the signature of Sigma : "He has 
gathered together, and embodied in this volume a prodigious amount 
of curious and interesting matter, bearing more or less directiv upoa 
the history and antiquities of Boston, and upon the discovery and 
Bettlement of New England." See Whitmore's Handbook of Ameri- 
can Genealogy, pp. 208,9. Mr. Sargent has often espressed a great 
anxiety that Mr. Drake would complete this history, by bringing it 
down to a much later period, in another volume; emphatically adding 
that " no person can do it so well." The Rev. Dr. Jenka aud Other 
learned friends of the author, have spoken in a similar manner of tba 
Hutory of Boston, and wished that it might be continued nearer to 
our own time. The writings of Mr. Drake are handsomely noticed 
in Seare's National Quarterly Review, Dec. 1SG2, and also in the North 
American Eeview, vol. 63 p. 551. 

Mr, Drake had contemplated writing a bistory of New England 
previous to bis begiuning that of Boston, having made large col- 
lections of documents for that purpose, probably more extensive and 
ancient than can be found in any private library in the country. To 
promote this object and enlarge his materials for a work of such 
importance he visited Europe; and having completed his arrange- 
ments for absence from home, he left Bostou in the early part of 
November, 1858, in the British steamer Europa. Thy voyage lasted 
15 days, and was exceedingly tempestuous. Arriving at Liverpool 
he made but a short stay there, and pushed on to London, which he 
reached on the l»th of November; for bis chief aim was not to 
visit spots and places of grandeur and celebrity, but to obtain mate- 
rials for his history. He therefore avoided every temptation and 
allurement which might draw him away from his leading object, and 
consume time, to him so precious. On this account he avoided 
making ar.quaiutances as much as he could, and sought no letters of 
introduction to celebrities abroad. Like one travelling up a steep 
mountain in search of a golden mine, who iixes his eye on a distant 
mark, and pauses not even to look back on the enchanting scenes he 
has passed, he hastened at once to the British Museum, and Her 
Majesty's State Paper Office; and between them his time was chieS/ 
spent, Other depositaries of ancient manuscripts and books were sIbwj 
examined. ' 

To facilitate this important object and be near those institution!, 
he selected Morley's Hotel, Charing Cross, Trafalgar Square, for his 
residence, in the immediate vicinity of Nelson's monument, between 
the jets of two splendid fountains, the equesti'iaa statue of Charles 
1, the colossal images of the Napiers, &c., and not far from the Par- 
liament House, the Horseguards aud State Paper Office. Gold weather 
had already set in, and November 24, 1858, ice of considerable thick- 



1 



1S63] Memoir of Samuel Gardner Drake, A. M. 207 

□eas was formed in St. James' Park. On the 25th he was present at 
a meetiug of (he Society of Aotiqaaries of London, where he was 
introduced to Mr. Akermau, the secretary, and other distinguished 
members, b; his friends, Mr. Henry Stevens and Mr. Geo. Corner, This 
society then liad 8 royal patrons, 60 honorary members, 245 com- 
pounders, and 322 annual subscribers, making 635 members, accord- 
ing to the secretary's list, April 23, 1858. About 40 or 50 members 
and a few visitors were attending the evening Mr. Drake was there. 
Obseryations were made on some inscriptions, and interesting 
remarks followed; from several speakers, touching some relics, such 
as Bwords, rings, bracelets, kc, which were exhibited in glass cases. 
These relics were found in exhuming 50 Saxou graves near London. 
The society held meetings in their hall in Somerset House, a mag- 
nificent pile of stone on the site where once stood Lord Protector 
Cromwell's palace; only necessary furniture was used, and there was 
a variety of portraits on the walls. It was lighted, not by gas, but 
by two bright brass chandeliers, over a long table, near the head and 
foot of which were two smaller tables, placed at right angles, lighted 
by fcnr brilliant astral lamps, Books and donations recently given, 
lay on the long table, that their worth might be inspected. The presi- 
dent sat in a decorated chair, on a kind of dais above the small table; 
and on .the other small one was spread out a lunch — the English 
never lose sight of this important matter. The lunch was cakes and 
crackers, tea and coffee, taken in Iraiintu, without ceremony, as the 
Jews ate the paseuver. Large cards, placards of dues against mem- 
bers in arrears, were posted on the walls — a strong kind of hint to 
similar societies. They vote as we do. One of the patrons of the 
society was Prince Albert, a warm friend of our suffering country, 
whose character and death Tennyson has depicted in hie touching 
and beautiful Threnody. He speaks of him as 
" WcuiDg the wliila flowsr of ft 
1 of bis death, 



Conld the great h^art of our Union, now struggling with the 
angoiefa of a rebellion, only be seen in England as it really is, what 
sympathy they would discover, for the unutterable sorrows of his 
illustrious surviving consort, the mourning Queen Victoria. 

Among many other places, he visited Dover, so celebrated for 
its castle which is a great object of attraction. The fortress is very 
strong; vast sums bad been expended in the for tiG cations. A frarrt- 
aon of 1500 soldiers was there. The town of Dover contains 25,000 
inhabitants; it is very neat and remarkably quiet. The place is in- 
expugnable by sea. Dover was anciently a Roman station named 
Dnbris, and being nearer to France than any other on the English 
coast, was called the key of the kingdom. In the vicinity are the ruim 
of an old Preceptory of the Knights Templars. Sbakspeare's Cliff, so 
called — beneath which there is now a rail road tunnel a mile long — 
is 400 feet above the level of the sea, and from the summit the coast 
of France may be seen in a clear atmosphere. On the brink of the 



i 



208 Memoir of Samuel Gardner Drake, JJ. M. [Juljr, 

cliff Mr. Drake stood and looked towards France — perhaps on the 
very spot, BO wonderfully pictured in King Lear, and undoubtedly 
familiar to bim. For tbe dramatic works of this great poet of nalnro 
are hardly more known and admired in England than in America, 
vhere Shaknpeare is bo much read iu all classes of society, that wa - 
claim him as our owu ancestral poet. J 

The jonrnies which he took to other renowned localitieB would forf^| 
ft narrative of great interest, but would occupy too much room in ^V 
brief memoir; such as a visit to Oxford, Balh, Bristol, Exeter, Ply- 
mouth and other places, iutereetiug to the eye of tlTe antiquary, He 
also visited France. 

In August, 1859, he was in Paris, aud was present at the splen- 
did spectacle when the return of the army from Italy was cele- 
brated. It was u mtignificeut sight. Paris was full of troops. All 
the government officers in their brilliant military drcBses, all the 
gena d'armes with sword and cocked bats. He was much charmed 
with France, so different from what he expected, and he thought Paris 
greatly surpaBsed London. He visited tbe Royal Academy, the 
Mazarine, Louvre, Tuillerice, Versailles, Luxembourg, St. Cloud, and 
also P6re la Chase, a cemetery of over 200 acres, full of costly tombs 
and superb monuments. He saw the graves of only two or three Eng- 
lishmen, one was a JekyI, coDuectcd with those of that name who 
were once of Boston, Massachusetts. He made a journey also to 
Bouen and many other places, but our limits will not admit even ctf ■ 
their enumeration. H 

He returned to England in the autumn and resumed his reeearchatB 
in the British Archives until the spring of 18G0, when early iu May^ 
having been absent one year and a half, he thought of returning. 
He improved one day in making an excursion to the Tover of London. 
There he gazed on the solid walls — blocks on which many heads had 
been cut off — strange armor and implements of death — singular 
costume of the warders — and cells for the prisoners; he crowded 
into the cell where Sir Walter Raleigh was immured for 16 years, 
until taken out to be beheaded, October 28, 1618, most unjustly. He 
saw the lonely apartment where this illustrious prisoner wrote his 
Hiitory of thi World. He looked into those loopholes of the prison 
from which the beautiful Jane Grey saw her husbaud in the yard 
below expire under the axe, and afterwards fell a victim by the same 
fate. 

When he left home be 6xed on no definite time of absence. He 
had now completed the task be prescribed for himself, and made 
his visits, including a trip to Ireland. But it was among books of 
olden time that his soul revelled. At Her Majesty's State Paper 
office he found the gentlemen in charge extremely obliging, Those 
with whom he had the greatest intercourse were Mr. Lechmere, Mr. 
Lemon and Mr. Sainsbury. Mr. Lemon had been connected with 
the office above thirty years. Mr. Sainsbury had tbe charge of all 
tiie colonial papers in the State Paper office, and he performed the 
vast labor of separating all those from tlie other papers, arrangiug 
them chronologically, and making a calendar of them. One can not 
but contemplate the immense amount of British State Papers wil' 






Memoir of Samuel Gardner Drake, A. M. 

mingled eurprise and admiration that they have been preserved for 
so many a^ea. 

The Rolls office is in Chancery lanp. Thia is of great extent. "I was 
admitted there." he writes, " by Sir Francis Palgrave, deputy keeper. 
Sir John Roniily is the Master. Mr. Joseph Hunter, well knowD for 
hia Pilgrtm reaearclies, I became acquainted with, but his age and 
infirmitiea prevented his officiating in his office of deputy keeper of 
the Rolls. He has since deceased. There no student nor reader (as 
we are called) is allowed to use ink in makinj? his copies. Conse- 
qaently we were 'compelled to do ail our work twice over." This 
rule, I believe, has since been rescinded, 

Soou afier Iiib arrival, he attended a meeting of the Royal Geo- 
graphical Society, in Burlinghouse House, Piccadilly, an institution 
of great popularity, over which Sir Roderic Impey Murchisou pre- 
sided. There were present at least 500 members, among whom he 
noticed Earl Stanhope, so well known in America by hia writings. 
But time and space forbid the detail of visits of this kind in a brief 
memoir. 

Id one of his letters, Mr. Drake mentions a singular custom for 
memorials of the dead, which he Srst observed in Westminster Abbey. 
GraveBtuncB arc laid flat on the surface of the ground, many of 
which were studded with brass, iron or copper pegs, half an inch 
high, to keep the feet of visitors from defacing the inscriptions. 

Of the British Museum — he remarks in one of hia letters to John 
W. Dean, Esq., to whom I would here acknowledge my obligation 
for many important facts — " The British Museum is, I will not say 
one of the wonders, but the wonder of the world. To have any 
adequate idea of it, one must visit it; volumes have been written 
npon it, and many more will be; yet uothing can give one a clear 
idea of that remarkable, well arranged establishment but a personal 
and patient examination of the contents." Mr. Drake devoted much 
time to the MS. department; over which Sir Frederic Madden pre- 
sides with great ability. His urbanity to strangers was gratefully 
experienced by our antiquary; who also received the kindest atten- 
tion from other officers and gentlemen connected with this noble 
ioetitntion. The facilities aS'orded him and all the students there 
deserved their warmest thanks: and he dwelt particularly on the 
names of Mr. ^. E. S. A. Hamilton, and Mr. Sims, also in the MS. de- 
partment, and Mr. Watts in tbe printed book department, a prodigy of 
knowledge. Oh, that the sweet influences of this noble Institution 
conld allay and forever terminate those murderous feelings of hostili- 
ty between our two countries, which the bitter, unholy English 
Timu is incessantly trying to excite against us, more especially in 
this day of calamity from a civil warl 

In May 1860, he took the Conard steamer Arabia at Liverpool and 
bad a remarkable and delightful voyage home, in a trip of only ten 
days. He had improved every hour of his absence and made it tell. 
If we value life by the variety and rapid succession of ideas in the 
mind, and what would tbe age of Methusalab be with only one idea 
vegetating within us, he must have lived a length of years in his 
absence. While abroad he bad a golden opportunity of obtaining 
valuable books for Lia library, and secured many very rare, antl qot 



210 



Memoir of Samuel Gardner Drake, A. M. 



[Jnly, 



to be obtained on this side of the Atlantic. Tbough in London there 
are fifteen hundred book eBtablishmcnts, 3'et be found American 
books, Bave a few of our popular and leading authors, almost un- 
known. His previous studies and predilection for Archceolog; pe- 
culiarly fitted him for the busineBs lie undertook; few buyers and 
Beliefs of books had such advantages. He brought home with him 
many works toUL-bing old Baglisb history and antiquities to supply 
bis library. 

Ou his return from England, he renewed his former business as 
bookseller, baviug purchased, while abroad, many choice and rare 
works; and with the sale of books he resumed the labor of bis pen. 
For we are all the creatures of habit; and he, who has acquired a 
taste for reading, and has druuk deeply at the Pierian spring of 
knowledge cannot be idle. A new world, has opened within him, and 
he looks forward to a perennial progress in other worlds belonging 
to a higher and nobler state of being. 

Mr. Drake published in 1860, the ffwuii of somt Ktsmrtha among 
the British ArcAiva; in 1862, a Sritf Memoir of Sir Walter Ralegh, and 
the same year an edition of the Hitlory of Mug Philip's War, by the 
Eev. Increase Mather, D. D., dedicated to Dr. Winslow Lewis our 

firesident; all beautiful editions. His library now contains a very 
argo collection of antique and selected works and literary relics, 
where numerous visitors, some from distant parts of the country, 
often call either to consult him or make a purchase. 

In Concluding this sketch, it may be observed that Mr. Drake has 
been twice married. He is fond of domestic life and enjoys one of 
the pleasanteat of homes, where hie evenings are invariably spent 
and he finds his chief leisure for reading and study. He appears to 
be of a very cheerful temperament, contented with his lot, and happy 
in his own thoughts. Of his brothers and sisters, only two survive; 
Mrs. Maria Parsons JSmith, a widow, residing in Illinois, and his 
younger brother Mr, Josiah Drake of Cincinnati, 0., merchant. He 
has had six children, two daughters who died in childhood and four 
sons: t, Francis Samuel, born 32d Feb., 1828, who inherits bis 
father's love of literature, and is preparing an ext«usive Avterican 
Biographical Dictionary, for the press, a member of this society; 
2, John Robert of Buffalo, N. Y., born I8th Feb., 1830, connected 
with the press of that city; 3, Samuel Adams, bookseller and sta- 
tioner, of Leavenworth, Kansas, born 19lh Dec, 1833, who has served 
as captain in the present war; and 4, George Bernard, born April 
14, 1838, who joined the Union army as second lieutenant, Co. D, 12th 
regiment, and marched to the Scld under the late Col. Fletcher Web- 
ster, but was soon detailed on the stafl" of Gen. Abercrombie, with 
rank of captain, and when Gen. Hartsuff relieved Abercrombie, he 
retained Capt. Drake ou his staff. He was with him in the battle of 
Cedar Mountain, where his former superior officer, Capt. N. B. Shurt^ 
leff, was killed; he was in the severe battle of South Mountain, and 
in the battle of Antietam, in which he was near Gen. Hartsuff, when 
he was wounded. Since the promotion of that brave and excellent 
officer to a major general, be has been appointed by him major and 
chief of his staff. Capt. John S. Drake, brother-in-law of Mr. Drake, 
fell bravely in the last named fight. It must be a source of gratt 



1863.] Memoir of Samuel Gardner Drake, A. M. 2] 1 

tude ani] cODSOIation lo the father of this affectionate younger son to 
Bee hiro tUua spared and advauciog in huDora, when so many brave 
Bostonians, the flower of the city, and of car finest families have 
gone to the battle, but return no more. " F^dirwn at ■pro palria, 

Reader, have you ever been in the anttqaary's library and seen 
Itim at his workr If not, you will thank me for these dashes of a 
pencil. 

Tou first aacend a semi- vertical flight of forty statre, like climbing 
up the hypolhenuse of a right-angled triangle — and you find yourself 
in a large, sis-windowed oblong — the hive of genealogy — crowded 
with shelves and cabiDets—.ovcrflowing with antique books, pamphlets, 
periodicals, maps and MSS. — waiting, like learned ghosts for some 
patrou of the arts to lead them to a more commodious and secure 
asylum — then turning away from the Round Table — you see a kind of 
sesame door, few would suspect where it leads — and then mounting 
up another steeper flight to another higher story — you reach the 
threshold of a long attic chamber lighted at either end and bearing 
ft similitude to the cloister of some erudite monk. 

For, there you will behold a solitary man — arrayed in black — small 
ID stature — hut well proportioned — of an elastic step — quick in motion 
— his hair touched by the cold finger of time— his fuce kindly, but fea- 
tured by deep thought — {see his portrait) — sitting by a desk near a 
window — pen in hand — in winter an open stove of live coals at his 
right — and before, behind and around him, lie books in piles, books on 
shclveg — MSS. — ancient documents and purophleta from floor to ceil- 
ing all arranged iu rows or neatly labeled in cases; — and there he 
sita— in his cushioned arm chair — philosopher like — ready to lay 
down pen and receive the caller one or a dozen — and with a smite of 
kindness and a voice which does you good — answer his questions 
about the past — or sell him a long sought gem of antiquity — or tell 
him ubi Urrarum, he can 6sb for it iu the vast bibliulhecal sea of au- 
thors. And thus this great collector of the waifs and shipwrecks 
of ages — this unwearied preserver of Aboriginal facts spends the 
years of his life, picking up the odds and ends of time — never wast- 
ing one moment — seeking neither popularity nor applause — and never 
allured from his task by public show, spectacle nor novelty. Like 
another Prospero, not iu the cell of a magic it>land, but in an attic 
chamber of the city of Boston, not with staff, but with his pen, he 
makes his library his kingdom, and calls up the spirits of the Puritan 
Pathei'B from the regions of the post — and they come back iu a 
living reality and move again in the history of New England. 

Reader, do you think these dashes are mere pictures of fancy? 
Vome to our genealogical rooms and we will show you TAt Book of 
the Indians — Indian Capliviiia — T/ie Hutory of Boitoa — Tit Result of 
Reiearchtt among the Britisk Archivet — Tht Lift of Sir Walter Raltgit-— 
and fifteen volumes of the N. E. Historiml and GtMalogical Register, 
a work destined to be of increasing value a hundred years hence, 
much of which bears the impress of his pen — and you will say the 
— half is not told you. 



s^ 



Annoticms on Savage. 



[Julyn 



ANNOTATIONS ON SAVAGE. 
[D7 Hon. John Wbstwohth, A. M., of Chicago.] 

MiBTTN. — Savage given Richard Martyn of Portsmouth, N. H., tlire» 
wives. He had four, viz: lat, by Mr. William Hibbins Lo was married 
toSarah, daughter of John Tuttle of Boston, Ist December, 1653. Ht« 
children were all by first wife. He married 2d, Martha, widow of' 
John Dennison (son of Jobn and Patience, of Ipswiclj, Mass,), and 
daughter of Samuel Symonds, He married 3d, Elizabeth, widow of 
Tobiaa Lear. She married Lear, Iltb April, 1661, who died 1681. 
She wa§ the widow of Tobias Laudon whom she married 10th June^ 
1656, and was the daughter of Henry and Rebecca (Gibbons) Sher- 
burne. The fourth wife of Marlyo, whom Savage gives as the third, 
was Mary Beuniuff, born at Tatmour High Cross in England, and 
widow of Samuel^ Wentworth and mother of Lieut.-Gov. John*. 
Martyn died 1693, and his last wife died 20th January, 1124-5, aged 
7T years; and Mark Bunking Wentworth of Portsmouth, N. H., has 
a printed copy of the sermon preached at her funeral from Luke x, 
42, by Rev. Jabez Fitch. 

HuKKiKff. — Savage makes Mark Huuking who was appointed coiin- 
aellor of New Hampshire in 1710, and who was judge from 1113 to 
1T21, and the when aud whero of whoao death has not been ascertain-^ 
ed, the father of Sarah Hunking, the wife of Lieut. Gov. John Went- 
worth. Now Dr, Farmer and also the New Hampshirt Rtpotitory 
makes him the son of John and Agnes Hunking. If so, he was born 
nth May, 1610. Now Sarah Hunking, wife of Lieut.-Gov. John 
Wentworth, died ll41,'in her 68tb year. This would make her born 
about 1613. So Dr. Farmer is wrong as to the origin of the coun- 
sellor or she could not have been bis daughter. On the 6th April, 
11*0, Mrs. Wentworth conveys land as the only child and heir of 
her father. The descendants of Lieut.-Gov. John in England call his 
wife " daughter of Mark Hunking in Devonshire in England." Many 
trace her to a Mark Hunking whose widow Mary married Rev. John 
Newmarch, 5th December, 1699, as recorded in Kittery, Me. By 
this marriage the widow of Mark Hunktng had several children. 
Among these were John Newmarch born 3d October, 1700, and Hon. 
Joseph born 29th October, 1107. The same record says Rev. John 
Newmarch died 15th January, 1164. He was preaching at K.ittery 
from the time of his marriage (and perhaps before) to his death. He 
was published 9tb September, 1721 to Mary Cotton of Hampton, VI. 
H. But there is uothing to prove that this Mark Hunking, wlioM 
wife was the above Mary, had any children at all, 

Bloit and Tozer. — Robert Blolt of Boston in 1662 wills property to 
his daughter Tozer, and also to his daughter Tozer's children. She 
was of course alive when he made his will. Savage supposes her 
to have been a former wife of Richard 'Tozer. Now Kichard Tozer 
married Jndtth Smith in 1666, and she survived him. Now if Blott's 
. daughter married Richard Tozer at all, she must have been the widow 



I 





1983.1 



TTianksgiving in Moitachnsetts. 



213 



THANKSGIVING IN MASSACHUSETTS. 
FEBHPAEY 2fi, 1680-1. 



of Bome man nameJ Smith when be married her. But the work of 
Savage furniebes no Smith, who died prior to 1656 leaving a wife 
Jndith. If BIoU'm dauglitar did not marry Richard Tozer, what other 
Tozer was there fur Ijer to marry? 

Wbhtworth. — Savage makes John,' son of William Wentworth, 
Ibe emigrant settler, marry Martha Miller. It waa Jijhn,^ son of 
Ezekiel,' who was married by Rev, John Pike, 24tb December, 1103, 
to Martha, daughter of Richard and Grace Miller of Kittery, Me. 

The wife of John,* was Martha , and (bat ia all that haa been 

ascertained. Ezekiel^ bad no son William-' as some early writers 
have stated, mistaking Benjamin's^ son William'^ for Ezekiel's.^ 

te body of the document printed below is in the handwritiog of 
'father of New England antiquaries," Samuel Sewall — of 
whom a portrait and memoir are given in our first volume, page 106, 
— and was probably drawn by him. At that time he wa8 one of the 
Assistants of tbe colony. The brief but feeling manner in which he 
refers to the people's causes for gratitudo, is worthy of imitation. 

At a Genera! Court for their Ma''™ Colony of the Maffiichurects Bay, Held 

at Bollon February, 3. 1690. 

This Court being deeply fenfible of the Divine Goodnefs and Mercy ap- 
pearing in the Prefervation of the Royal Pcrfon of our Soveraign King WIL- 
LIAM, and the fignal Viflory beftowed by Heaven upon His Arms in Ireland ; 
And ihc Remarkable DiJafMntvutits at the fame time given to the Great Ene- 
miet of the Protellant Intetelt : Being alfo fenfible of the Divine Bounty 
expreffed in the Prtventhn of many Calamities te Deftruitions which have 
been impending over mj In any mcafure of Help wherewith God haj affifted 
lU againll our Enemies ; In the Recevtrj of To many fick People among thoft 
which have been arrcftcd with the Epidemical Diftcmpers newly raging in the 
midft of us ; In the plentiful! Harvejl which was laft vouchfafed us ; And the 
happy Arrival of fo many Veflcls from England, in the depth of this hard 
winter, which have brought unto us Neccffary & Scafonatile Sup'lics, 

Do therefore Appoint Thurjday the Twenty firft of this Inftant February to 
be celebrated throughout this Colony, as a Day of public and folemn 
THANKSGIVING unto the Almighty God for ihcfc, and the like HU 
Undcferved Favours ; Forbidding all Servile Labour on the Day, and exhorting 
the feveral Minifters and Aflembiies every where to endeavour thai fuch Praifes 
may be oFered, as God may be glorified with ; and that Converfatians may 
therewithal! be ordered fo, as to |^vc us further Hopes of feeing the Salvaiim 
t/Gid. 

Voted in the affirmative by the Govemo* and Affiftanti. 

JsA Addincton Sec'7. 
Confented to by y* Deputies 

PuDLBr BKADiraEET ^ 01'', . 
15 



Mason Family. 



MASON FAMILY. 



SovK of the Descmdo-Tils of Major John Mason, the Conqutror of the 



Peqaotf. 



[Con 



r Bon. I 



t, Springs, I 



^ 



I. WiLWOETH, LL. D , I 

Contitiiied from pn^e 42. 
V Gen. 208. Anna Masos, m, 2T Sept., 1159, William Whiting, 
b. 8 April, 1730, at Norwich, Conn., fourth aon of Col. William 
Whiting of Norwich, by bis first wife Anna Raymond, and grandsc 
of Rev. Samuel Wliiting, Miniaterof Windham, and Elizabeth Adams 
(a descendant of Gov. William Bradford of the Mayflower); ho v 
a physician and they settled at Hartford, and in 1766, removed to 
Great Harrington, Maea., where he watt a magiatrate, and was i 
member of the Gen. conrt at Salem, which formed itself into a pre 
vincial congreas to resiut Briti^li aggressions; and he iLfterwarda 
took a very active part, personally as well aa by his pen, in quelling 
Shays'B rebellion. He d. 8 Dec. 1792, at Great Barrington, and slie d. 
13 Nov. I83I, at New Milford. Their children were: (371) Samud, 
b. 14 Aug. 1762, at H., m 1803, Sarah Betta, dau. of Stephen Belts, 
Esq., of Reading, Conn., and d. 29 Jan. 1832. They had three child- 
ren: 1, WUliavi. who m. 1833, Aurelia Sherman of Newtown, Conn., 
lived at New Haven, and had four children; Stephen Betts; Sarah 
Maria; William Samuel, aud Edward Sherman. 3, Strphm, b. May, 
1806, grad. at Medical College, New Haven, 1830, and was a phy- 
sician, and was killed 14 Oct. 1833, by the bursting of the boiler of 
the steamboat Now England, near Essex, Conn.; and 3, Maria, who 
m. 1840 Eev. Thomas Button of Mendon, III,, aud had ihree children: 
Anna Dorcaa, Aaron Samuel aud Thomas. (275) WiUiam, b. J Nov. 
1764, at H.; m. Ann Ransom of Great Barrington, where Fihe d. about 
1st Dec. 1840, a. p., and he was living at New Milford iu 1849. (276) 
Mary Aifii, b. 19 Oct. 1767, atH,; m. 25 Si>pt. 1792, Hon. Elijah Board- 
man, b. 7 March, 1760, at New Milford. Conn,, third son of Sherman 
Boardmau and Sarah BoR twick, and gr. s. of Rev. Daniel Boardm an, the 
first minieter of New Milford and^his second wife, Jernxha (Sherman) 
Seelye. He was a merchant and they eeltlcd at New Milford, where 
he was a member of the legislature and one of the aasiatanta of the 
state; state senator; United Slates senator. (While the writer of this 
article waa a member of the 17th congress he had the pleasure to | 
become acquainted with the excellent Elijah Boardman, then in the 
U. S. senate, and became much attached to him, and had the honor 
of being frequently addressed with him witb the appellation of " my 
young friend," and parted with him to meet no more on earth, on the 
3d of March, 1823.) He d. 18 Aug. 1824, at Boardmau, 0., where he 
had gone with hie wife on bnaineas; and his remains were brought 
to New Milford for interment, and where she d, 24 June, 1848. They 
had sixchildren: 1, Wi^iiam M^tHiif, b. 10 Oct. 1794. at New Milford, 
grad, at Yale, 1812, and was a lawyer. He aettled at New Haven, 
where he was judge of probate, member and speaker of the house of J 
representatives, and of the soaate of the state, aud member of oon- J 



I 

i 

lout ■ 

11 \ 

uan 1 

i 



3.] 



Mason Family. 



215 



. SHI 

^^ Oc 



He was liviufrat New Haven ia 1859. 2, Timry Maion, b. 
1197. at Now Milford; m. 13 Dec. 1818, Sarah Hall Betihrnn, 
dttu. of Hev. Beiijiimiti Benlium, pastor of St, Jolin's Parifili, New 
Milford. Tliey settled at Boardman, 0., where he d. 17 Dec. 1846, by 
tbe diBlocation of his neck od bein^ thrown from his buggy. Hu had 
foar children: Frederick Alexander, b. I Sept. 1820. who m. Mary 
Ann Williams of New Milford; Elijah George, b. 30 Jnly, 1829; 
William Jarvis, b. 15 April, 1832; and Heniy Whiting, b. 7 Feb. 1837. 
8, Gtorge SAerman, h. 17 Oct. 1799; grad. at Union College, 1818; and 
d. 18 Jan. 1825. unm. 4, Carolitu Maria, m. 22 May, 1825. Rev. John 
Frederick Schroeder, D D., giad. at College of New Jersey, 1819, 
and was an Episcopal clergyman, ^hey sellled at New York where 
.be was assistant minister of Trinity church and Rector of the church 
the CruciRxiim, and had eighl children: Caroline Maria, b. 11 
inne, 1826; d. 25 Jane, 1826; John Frederick, b. 1827; George Buard- 
'man, b. 20 May, 1829; d. 23 May, 1829; Mary Ann Boardman, b. 2 
October, 1830; d. 26 March, 1841; Cornelia Elizabelh; Eliza Marga- 
rettn; William Henry, b, 1840; d. 1841; and Henry Hermann. 5, Mary 
An-na, b. 19 Nov. 1805; d. 7 April, 1822, unm.; and 6, Cornelia Eiixa- 
btlh. (277) Abraham, b. 1 Sept. 1769, at Great Bnrrington; m. 17i93, 
Carrence Wheeler and was a physician. He settled at Great Bar- 
risgtoo, and had six children: 1, Harriet; 2, Emma; 3, Theodore; m. 
15 March, 1820, Amelia Ann Bobbins, and had two children: Harriet 
Amelia, who m. W. S. Brown of Rochestor, and Frederick Theodore. 
4, Triiman, who m. and d. in Illinois. 5, Hvldah. who m. Edward Hills 
and settled in Ohio; and 8, GUian m. 27 Nov. 1833, Loiiiaa Rood, and 
nettled at Great Barriiigton. and haj five children: Cornelia E. Board- 
tnan; Martha Corddia; Mary Louisa; Geo. Boardman and Ruth Emma. 
(878) Elizabeth, b. 15 Jan. 1772, at Groat Harrington; lived at New 
Milford at the age of 30 years and d uum. (919) Maiffn, b. 8 May, 
1714, at Great Harrington; m.26 April, 1800, Mary Edwards, b. 11 
Oct. 1770 at Stockbridge, sixlli dau. of Judge Timothy Edwards and 
Bhoda Ogden of Stockbridge, and gr. d. of Rev. Jonathan Edwards 
President of the College of New Jersey, and Sarah Pierponl. He 
WR8 a lawyer, and they removed to Binghamtoo, N. Y., where he was 
« member of the legislature, and district attorney, and where he A. 
II Jan. 1849. They had eight children : 1, Mary Elizabeth, m. John 
T. Doableday. and had two children: John Mason and William Ed- 
wtrda. 2, William Sdwardi, m .AnuhynU Poal. 3, Caro/iiw. m. Richard 
Mather, b. 31 Oi:t. 1798, at Lyme, second sun of Sylvester Mather 
and Elisabeth Waile, and settled at Binghumton, and had seven 
children: Elizabeth Waite;Rboda Ann Lester; Frances; Nancy Louisa; 
Caroline; Mary Whiting; and Mason Whiting. 4, Rhoda Ann. m. Ralph 
Lester, and had one child: Caroline Mather, b, Frances, m. Henry 
Mather, b. 9 July, 1803, at Lyme, fourth son of Sylvester Mather and 
^lisabelh Waite, and settled at Binghamton, and had two children: 
■d Henry i.nd Elizabeth RadcliBTe. 6, Ma$on. m. Eliza Vande- 
'aler, and had five children: EHaa Vandewater; Amelia; William 
aeon; Henry Vandewater, and Jonathan Edwards. 7, CathtHne 
U, M. Stowers of Binghamton, and had three children: 
Jrfai-y Whiting; Catharine, and Morris. 8, Amelia Ogdm. ni. William 
B> Tyler of Amberat; had three children: Mary Whiting; Wil> 



£16 Mason FamUy. [July. 

»Qd Henry Matlier. (280) FoMjiy. b. I Dec. 1178, at Great Barring- 
ton was educated atllic Moravian school, at Bolbleliem, Pa.; m. Fi-ed- 
erick Abbot, and removed to Medina, O., and had Gve children: 
Coruelia; Caroline; Frances; Mary Ann, and Mason. 

V. Gen. 240. Hobbitt Mabon, m. 1774 Ohioe Case, b. 19 July, 1756, 
at Simabary, second dau. of Gbarles Case and Pliebe his wife; they 
settled at Siaisbury, where she died 17 May, 1815, and he d. 5 
Feb. 1835, aged 76 years. Their children were: (281) CAioe. b. 22 
July, 1775, at Simsbury; m. 23 Nov. 1793, Levi Whitlock of Castle- 
ton, Vt., and bad 9 children: 1. Jama, b. 26 Jan. 1796. 2. SaraA, b. 
10 April, 1798; d. 23 June, 1799. 3, Sa.rah.^^> b. 9 April, 1800. 4, 
Samud S., b. 25 May, 1802. 5. Chlae Maion, b. 17 Jan. 1805. 6, 
Pi(A^ b. 26 Aug. 1806; d. 23 March, 1810. 7, Dmid Mtuon. b. 2» 
Nov. 1809; d. 23 March, 1810. 8, Levi. b. 28 Feb. 1811; d. 15 April, 
1813; and 9 Sinuon L.. b. 23 August, 1813; d. 8 March, 1814. (S82) 
Murgartt, b. 31 May, 1777, at Simsbury; she d. 21 April 1781. (283) 
Feitr, b. 6 July, 1779, at Simsbury; m. Nov. 1802, Mercy Case, b. IS 
July, 1785, at Simsbury, eldest dau. of Amasa Case and Morcy Hillyer. 
Tbey removed to New Hartford Centre, Couu., in 1816, where he d. II 
Oct. 1841. They hud seven children: 1, HUpa, b.28 July, 1803; m. 22 
Dec. 1831, Milo WaUon of Now Hartford, and bad three children: 
Albert, b. N<.v. 1835; Stephen, b. Sept. 1838, and Stanley, b. June, 

1844. 2, CkU, b. 31 Jan. 1805; m. 29 Nov. 1827, Roman M. Butler, 
and had children: Charles R., b. May, 1834; m. 1858, Cynthia 
Bunnell of Burlington; Henry, b. 6 March, 1836; m. 1857, Jane Hul- 
bertof New Hartford, 3, Aurora, b. 18 July, 1808. 4, Stephtn. b. 9 
May, 1814; m. 2 Oct. 1842, Anfanda Attleman of Granby and had 
tivo children: Stephen Henry, b. 29 July, 1843; Marian Amanda, b. 
21 Nov. 1846; Isabel, b. 10 April. 1348; Loretta Jane, b. 13 April, 
1854, and Walter Dwigbl, b. 13 June, 1867. 5, Luke, b. 9 Oct. 1818; 
d. 19 Jan. 1839, unm. 6, John C, b, 2 Nov, 1820; m. 22 Oct. 1843, 
Adelia Alderman of Granby, and had four children: Charles John, 
b. 27 Nov. 1844; Fayette Stephen, b. 17 Aug. 1846; Luke Henry, b 
Dec. 1848; and Frank, b. June, 1853; and 7, La FayeiU N., b. 9 Nov. 
1831; d. 19 Dec. 1838 (284) Robtrt, b. 31 March, 1781, living at 
Clarkaburgh, Va., in 1859. (285) SUubaet, b. 23 Dec. 1783, at Sims- 
bury; m. 21 Nov. 1811, Elizabeth Roberts, and d. I June, 1831, at 
Bracevilie, 0., and had ten children: 1, MindwtU B., b. 7 Sept. 1812; 

m, 3 Dec. 1841, . iioAert i., b. 22 Aug. 1814; m. 22 Dec. 1841, 

, and had three children: Andrew W., b. 21 Oct. 1844; Wes- 
ley F., b. 25 Sept. 1852; Charles A,, b, 6 Sept. 1859. 3, Margaret, b.4 
Sept. 1816; d. Sept., 1816. 4, Mary Anne, b. 23 June, 1818; d. 1 Jan. 

1845, unm. 5, Madison S , 2 Feb. 1820; d. same mouth. 6, WaiAiTigton 
S., b. 6 Aug. 1822; m. 15 Nov. 1846, and d. 18 Aug. 1853, and had 3 
children; Mary Paulina, b. 6 Dec. 1847; Isaiah, b, 5 July, 1850, and 
George W., b. 6 Dec. 1852. 7. ItaioA P., b. 4 Aug. 1824 ; m. 1 Feb. 
1853. 8, Jolin W., b. 21 Nov. 1826. 9, Bmjamin, b. 28 June, 1839; 
d. 5 Sept. 1852, unm, 10, Williavi, b. 7 Nov. 1881; m. 30 Oct. 1855. 
(286) Margartl,-''^ b. 3 Jan. 1787; m. Zophar Brown, and d. IT May, 
1816, at Granby, leaving one child, William, b. 1812, and d, 7 March, 
1849. (287) Miry, b. 3 Ang. 1789, at Simsbury; m. 1, Eleazer Case; 3, 
Ibomas Viuing, and d. 19 Nov. 185T, at Simsbury, s. p. (288) 



\ 



Mason Family. 



217 



tCkarla, h. 30 Marcb. 1192, at Sitnsbury; m, 25 March, 1817. Sophia 
Bardick, 1>. 21 June, 1799, and reuuved tu Leonardsville, N. Y., where 
she d. 19 March, 1852. and he was Wviag in 1859. They had three 
children: 1, Cyttliia Maria, h. 26 Feb. 1819; m. 25 Feb. 1839, at 
FUinTille, N. Y„ Ctark Sauuders, b. 16 July, 1815, and had &vo 
children: Gilbert Clark, b. 19 May, 1840; Cartha Jane Victoria, b. 
11 Sept. 1841; Charlea Albertus, b. 20 April. 1843; Seraphema Par- 
thenia, b. 14 Feb. 1845; and OrGon Oswald, b. 25 Nov, 1847. 2. C/uirla 
Laeii. b. 14 Sept. 1834; m. 18 Dec. 1845, at Plainvillo, N. Y., Desire 
E.Bas8, b. 27 Juue, 1826, and had eischildren: Mary Imo^ene, b. 27 
Feb. 1847; Gertrude Eliza, b. 22 Feb. 1849; Edwy, b. 4 Feb. 18.^1; 
Emereile, h. 10 Aug. 1853; EUn. b. 17 Dec. 1856; and Edpar Lewis, 
b. 10 April, 1857. 3, Elizabttk Annt, b. 8 May, 1827; m. 20 Doc. 1847, 
at Plainville, N. Y,. Samuel Noyea Stillnian, and had four children: 
Bliea Cathalina, b. 18 March, 1839; Helen EminB. b. 29 Dec. 185«; 
Otto Oscioli, b. 12 April, 1854; and Noyee, b. 12 Nt.v. 1855. (289) 
Danid, b. 1 Not. 1794, at Simsbury; killed 1 Jan. 1810, by the fall- 
ing of a tree, (290) Anne. b. 20 March, 1797, at Simabury; m. 1 
Not. 1822, JeETrey Wilcox, and Ihey were living at Simsbury in 1869 
and had four children: 1, C/tloe, b. 7 Aug. 1823. 2, Luey, h. 12 Aug. 
1636. 3, Marwtle, b. 1 Sept. 1830; and 4. Jane, b. 2 Oct. 1836. (291) 
iMkt, b. 19 May, 1800, at Simsbury; m. 12 March, 1831, Diana Higley, 
d. 91 March, 1840 at Simsbury, and had four children: 1, Daniel, b. 
• 91 OcL 1833; m. 15 March, 1855, Clementina Pelton, and was living 
rat Simsbury in 1860, and had on9 child: Prank. 2. Jaw A., b. 29 
Ijan. 1835; m. 11 Feb. 185G, Edwin Hamilton, and living at Unina- 
■^ ville, Conn., 1859. 3, Rnbtrt, b. 16 April, 1837; m. 5 July, 1859, 
Emma Lowell; and 4 Carlos, b. 1 May, 1839. 

V. Gen. 241. F^er Mason, m. 24 March, 1774, Elisheba FarDam, 
b. 26 May, 1754. They settled at Salisbury, Conn., where he d. 2S 
Dec. 1831, and she d. 4 May, 1833. Their children were: (292) Syl- 
mter, b. 13 Oct. 1774, at Salisbury; d. 12 Sept. 1776. (293) Darius, 
I*. 7 Jan. 1777, atS.; m. Sarah Post. (294) Sig^fcn, b. 5 March, 1779, 
r-fttS.; m. Anna Ely, b. 10 Oct. 1782. He d. 21 Dec. 1841; and ahu d. 
S4 Juue, 1843. They had ten children: 1, Mtrriek E., b. 16 Nor. 
1800; d. 22 July, 1840. 2. Harris, b. 12 Aug. 1806; d. same day. 
3, OrviiU L., b. 29 July, 1807. 4, Peter L., b. 14 Feb. 1809; d, 8 Sept. 
1845. 6, Edgar S.,b. 16 June, 1811. 6, Mary Ann, b. 27 May. 1813. 
1, Stephen A., b. 1 March, 1817. 8, Anna A., b. 1 March, 1817 (twin). 
9. Lmiisa, E., b. 10 Nov. 1819; and 10, CharUs Ely, b. 4 March, 1822. 

(295) Ltxi, h. 1 July, 1782, at S.; m. Mrs. Suydam. (296) Eli- 

siiba. b. 9 Not, 1784, at S.; m. Bennel. (297) Peltr, b. 16 Oct. 

1786. at S.; m. 24 Dec. 1810, Sebra Day, h. 1 July, 1794. They had 
seventeen children: 1, Osair Day, b. 10 Oct. 18II; m. 15 June. 1836, 
M. H. Vinal. 3. Emily E.. b. 24 Feb. 1813; m. 16 June, 1836, George 
Harrzell. 3. Levi, b. 25 Sept. 1814. 4, Cyrus A., b. 10 Sept. 1816; 
m. 27 June, 1839, M. A. Craig. 5, mriam C, b. 27 May, 1818; m. 
Ifi Oct. 1840, Samuel Diver. 6, Mary E. (twin), b. 27 May, 1818. 
7, Selh F., b. 24 April, 1820. 8, Sara/t M., b. 16 May. 1822; m. 25 
April. 1844, W. Craig. 9. Sehra K, \>. 7 Feb. 1824 ; d. 30 Sept. 1838. 
I JO, Levm L.. b. 10 March. 1826; d. 7 Sept. 1827. U, Ltwis P., b. 
[ 88 Feb. 1828; ni. M.M. Lewis. 12, Cect/ia A, b.23 June, 1830. lA, A.iw- 



I 




Maton Family. 



(Joly. 



I 



guslttsB..h.lZJ\iae,li32. 14, ffenry Jfi, b. 11 Nov. 1833. 15. Frank- 
lin M.. b. 23 Sept. 1836. 16, Matvina A., b. 15 Sept. 183t. 11, John 
v., b. 10 July. 1839. (298) Sylvattr, 2d. b. 21 April, 1189. at S.; d. 
15 May, 1826. (299) Cynw. b. 94 May. 1191. at S.; d. 15 Oct. 1829. 
(300) , b. 23 Aug. 1193. at S.; d. 2 Aug. 1806, (301) Mi- 
riam, h. 8 July. 1195, at S.; m. 30 March. 1818, larael Bartlett, b. 12 
June, 1193, and had nine children: 1, Ftter Mason, b. 6 Feb. 1820; 
m. 24 July. 1845, E. M. Higgiiis who d. 15 April, 1849; and he then 
m. Julia W. Smedley. whod. 1 Aug I860. 2. /<r«*Aa, b. 20 Feb. 1822; 
m. July. 1840, Silas A. Jackson, and had in 1860 six children. 3, 
iMdut, b, 12 Feb. 1834; m. 28 April. 1850, Sarah A. Leroy. 4, Alext- 
ander. b. 5 Feb, 1826; m. 25 Ang. 1853. Laura S. Merrill, and in 1860 
had three children. S, Mary E., b, 3 Feb. 1828; m. 31 Dec. 1854, 
Henry Leroy. 6, HarrUt L., b. 9 July, 1830; d. 19 Oct. 1833. 1, 
Eniiy, b. 9 Sept. 1882. 8, Robert A., b. 9 Aug. 1836; and 9, Sidney 
S.. b. 3 June, 1841. 

V. Gen. 342. John Masok, m. 24 June, n86, at Caatleton, Vt, Sarah 
Woodward, b. 28 May. 1163, at Canterbury, Coun., dau. of Joseph 
Woodward and Mary Brudford, and gr, d. of James Bradford and 
Edith his wife, which James Bradford was the second son nf Thomas 
Bradford and Anne Smith his wife of Norwich, and gr. son of Major 
Wm. Bradford ol Plymouth, and his Orst wife Alice Richards, and g. 
gr. son of Gov. Wm. Bradford of the Mayflower, John Mason (242) 
and wife, settled at Caatleton, where he was a magistrate, member 
of the Btate legislature, member of the goveroor's council, and a pre- 
sidential elector. She d. 22 Feb. 1826, and he then m. 15 Not. 1830, 
Wid. Sarah Noble, andd. 39 July, 1846, at Canterbury, without issue 
by her, and she d. April, 1851. Hie children by Sarah Woodward, 
his first wife, were: (302) ilfifo, b. 24May, 1181, at Canterbury, piad. 
at West Point Military Academy, and waa a major iu the U. S. army, 
m, 1 Sept. 1815, Maria Louis of Providence, and d. 4 Feb. 1839, at 
Washington, D. C; they had seven children, one of whom Col. James 
L. Mason of the U. S. engineer corps, distinguished himself in the 
war with Mexico, and particularly in the battle at Molino del Rey. 
(303)/oAj».A?ij<»i, b. SOMay, 1190, at Canterbury; d. 11 Deo. 1812, unm. 
(304) Sarah Maivina, b. 22 Dec. 1191, at Canterbury; m. 24 Jnly, 
1814, Gideon Miner Davison, b. 12 Nov. 1191, at Middletown, Vt., son 
of Thomas Davison and Abigail Miner. They settled al Rutland, Vt., 
and removed to Saratoga Springs, where he was a printer and pub- 
lisher and clerk of the Court of Chancery, and president of the Sara* 
toga and Washington Rail Road Companv, and where they were 
living in 1860. They had 5 chddren: I, Join Mason, b. 9 March, 1816, 
at Rutland; m. 31 Ang. 1838, Sarah Simonds Walworth, b. 2 Feb. 
1816, at Plattsburgh, second dau. of Chancellor Reuben Hyde Wal- 
worth of Saratoga SpvingH, by his first wife Maria Ketchum Averill. 
He was by trade a printer and settled at Saratoga Springs, removed 
to Albany in 1839, where he was register of the Court of Chancery 
nutil that court was abolished in 1848, when they returned to Sara- 
toga Springs, where they were living in 1860, and he was then pre- 
sident and general superintendent of the Saratoga and Whitehall 
Kail Road Company. She had 5 childreu: John Mason, b. 18 Dec. 
1840, under grad. in Williams College, in 1860; MauaSeid Walworth, 




belh 

n 



163.] Mason Family. 219 

13 Jan. 1844; Frances Walwortli. b. U June, 1845; Sarah Wal- 
irorth,b.l5Aug. 1850; aud Charles Mason, b. SlJuIy, 1853. 2, Cienmt 
JUiner, b. S Dec 1817, at Rutland, ^rad. at Union CQllege, 1838, and 
wao a Preabjlerian clergyman; m. 1, Martlia Elizabeth Bacon, and 3, 
Mary Fuller Pomcroy, and was living at Detroit in 1860, and was 
cashier of a bank, and had tn'o children; 3, Charles Auguslus, b. 21 
May, 1824, at Saratoga Springs, grad. at Williams College, and was 
a lawyer; m. Mary Anthony Vermilyea and was living at New York 
iD 1860, and had two childVeu; 4, Sarah Mason, b. 11 Feb. 1827 at 
Saratoga Springs, where she was living in 1860, unm.; and 6, Elixa- 
hith Newman, b. 7 June, 1829, at Saratoga Springs; d, 14 Oct. 1830. 
■305) AUka Stevens, b. 34 Aug. 1794, at Canterbury; m. 1 May, 1817, 
'arun Dana, and had one child who d. young. (306) Laura, b. 22 
let. 1796. at Canterbury; in. 8 July, 1819, Selah H. Merrill, and d. 9 

lly, 1820, and had one dau. Laura, who m. Noah T. Clark of Canan- 

Jgoa. N. Y. (307) Mary, b. 22 Oct. 1796 (twin), d. 24 Jan. 1797. 
(308) Clara, b. 24 June, 1798. at Canterbury; m. 15 May, 1824, Lieut 
Thomas Ingalla uf U. S. army, and d. 9 July, 1830, s. p. (309) Gtorgt 
W., b. 18 March, 1801, at Canterbury; m. 3 May, 1823, Ruby Brand 
dau. of his first cousin, Col. Darius Brand of Canterbury (see No. 
838); she d. 3 Dec. 1826, and he had by her one child: 1, Mary Brad- 
ford. He then ro. 16 June, 1830, Adaline Baton, b. 1 Feb. 1806, who 
d. 15 Sept. 1838, and had by her six children. He then m. 2 May, 
1841, Lucinda Stevens, b. 16 June, 1819, who d. 4 Feb, 1858, and 
had by her five children. He then m. 20 Jan. 1869, Mrs. Caroline 
(Taft) Orr, and was living at Caslleton in 1860. (310) Samuel, b. 
I80S, at Canterbury, d. 19 Feb. 1803. (311) Margaret Fanning, b. 7 
Feb. 1704, at Canterbury; m. 16 April. 1829, Henry Howe of Canan- 
daigua, N. Y., where she d. 16 Aug. 1844. a. p. (312) Mary Brad- 
ford, b. 25 July, 1806, at Canterbury; d. 15 Jan. 1823, unm. (313) 
Lormzo, b. 27 May, 1808, at Canterbury; m. 10 Nov. 1838, Charlotte 
Luce of Pittafield, Mass. He was a lnwyer, and they settled at Port 
Huron, and removed from there to Detroit. He was a state senator, 
mod they were living at Detroit in 1860, and bad four children. (314) 
" Eliza, b. 23 May, 1810, at Canterbury, where she was living 
unm. 

ERHATA. 
1, 1. 7, for Mercy Durkee read Mercy Bill. 

P. 40, 1. 23, /or Thomas Read of Colchester rtad David Read late 
[ipf Colchester, now of Burlington. 

P. 41, I. 4, /or Crain rtad Crane. 

P. 42, I. 9 from bottom, for first wife read second wife. 



Allek. — I wish to obtain accurate information respecting George 

KAIIen, Sen., of Sandwich, and his sons, the early Quakers. George 

Ulen'a house, built in 1646, is stilt standing, and bu is his son Wil- 

' im'a, in which the Quaker meetings were held, 1657-8, and which 

mains in very nearly the same condition that it was is two cento- 

> ago. 0. 



r«s? 



Annual Address. 



m 



I 



ADDRESS AT THE ANNUAL MEETING OF THE NEW ENG- 
LAND HISTORIC-GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY, Jan. t, 1863. 
[By WlKELOw Lkwib, M. D., PreBideul of tlia Soaietj.] 
Gentlemen, Members and Friends of our Society: 

You will, I am sure, readily agree with roe, that our first duty, at 
this, the first meeting in a New Year, is to exprpsa our gratefal 
thanks to Hitn, in whose hand, rest all the things both of Tiuc and 
of Eternity, for his mercy and goodness in permitting so many of na 
— even of those who have traveled a long way on Life's Journey — 
to enter in health and peace and happiness upon another annnal 
8taf;e of our earthly pilgrimage. 

You are all well aware, that I hold in hearty veneration and 
esteem these anniversaries, these great and sacred landmarks along' 
the vast plain of time; and that I would gladly — however old- 
fashioned it may seem to some — witness an increased warmth and 
enthusiasm, in the celebration of such annual festivals as Christmas 
and the New Year, the one, the New Year's Day of salvation to the 
sinning, suffering soul of man; the other, the New Year's Day of 
lengthened life to his body, and of renewed energy, fertility and joy 
to Uie whole world of animate and inanimate nature, by which he is 
BUTroonded. Let us then rejoice and be thankful that 
" The King of Light, Fathi^r ol aged Time, 

Hath brought Blinut that daj, which is the prime 
To th» bIoit gliding months; when ererj eje 
Weirs symptoms of a sober Jollity, 
Aod everj hand ia readj to present 

Some aervioe in a oompliment." — Podt. 

and, AB we each and all have already doubtless displayed, in gifta 
and kindness to our families and friends in private life, the warm J 
and geuial feelings, awakened by the birth of the Now Year; so let 1 
us resolve to day, not to allow this sijclety in which we all have so ] 
Dear and dear an interest, to be without some New Year's gift from I 
each of us. 1 

It was amiably and well espressed by Bourne: " If I send a New 1 
Year's gift to my friend, it shall be a token of my friendship: if to 1 
my benefactor, a token of my gratitude: if to the poor, which tA 
this season must never be forgot, it shall be to make their hearts 
sing for joy: and give praise and adoration to the Giver of all good 
gifts," And another more recent writer obMcrves: " On New Year'a 
Day, the man of business opena new accounl-hooksi 'a good begin* 
ing makes a good ending.'" Let every man open an account with 
himself, and so begin the Nae Year, that he may expect to say at its 
termination, it has been a good year. In the hilarity of the season, 
let him not forget that, to the needy it is a season of discomfort. 
" There ii ft satisfaction. 
Id doEug a good action." 

and he who devises liberal things, will Gad his liberality return to J 
him in a full tide of bappineas." 



I 



1863.] Annual Mdress. 22! 

Now, in these remarks, bo beautifDil; applicable to tbe general 
duties of the eeaeoD, mny also be foiuid hdiuq special leesoas for ut. 
As we euter this place of meeting, our separate and individual feel- 
ings and iuteresta become merged for the time, in tbe common con- 
cems of our asaociation. We must now thiok and feel as members 
of tbe EiBtoric'Genealogical Society of New England. And no one 
here, I imagine, will be inclined to den;, that this society has the 
strongest claims npon our friendship and our gratitude. As the 
mental and the spiritual transcend, in beauty and in majesty, the 
material and mortal; so to every refined and cultivated mind, the 
dearest and most cherished friends must ever be those studies and 
pursuits, which tend, at once to enlighten and esalt the mleilecl, and 
to humanize and sanctify the heart. To this class belong preemi- 
nently, if purely and properly pursued, the studies, to whose culti- 
v&tion-our society is devoted; and of which I may fairly observe in 
tbe words of Cicero: " Hac qaidem sUidia declrina, qua quidan pruden- 
tibtti el btnt ins(iltUii pariCer cum atatt ercsninl, ut konatum illud Solonit 
tit, quod ait vertieulo quodam, smtsctrt st midta in dies addiseenlem : qua 
voluptate animt mUla eerte potest esse major," " and these indeed are the 
pDTBitits of learuiug, which with the discreet and well educated, 
keep pace with the progress of age, so that that is a fine observation 
of bolon's, when he declares in cue of bis verses, that ' every day 
which adds to bis age, adds to his learning,' an intellectual pleasure, 
thau which none can be more intense." Such studies, and especially 
thoHQ of biography and history, have beco also well denominated by 
the same great author.- " Solalto et obUctamtnta vita," a title, the 
acknowledged correctness of which, is sufficient to establish their 
claim, and the claim of the society, whose object is their promotion 
upoD our warm and lasting gratitude. This society moreover 
stands thus simultaneously towards each one of us, in the position 
of a friend and benefactor, conferring great and important benefits; 
and also of a child, still asserting its claim npon our tender atFectioa 
and watchful care. Let us then, in regard to it " so begin the New 
Tear, that, iu the words of Hone, "we may expect to say at its 
termioation, it has been afootf year" and let us practically bear in 
mind tbe proverb "a good beginning makes a good ending." 

Impressed and depressed as the minds of most of you probably are, 
by the present political aspect of our country, it may at first appear 
to be an inappropriate and unfavorable time for proposing any mea* 
sure calculated to involve expense or risk; yet this is eiactly what 
I am about to propose, as your Now Year's gift and service to this 
society; and I hope to show you that, not only is the time appro- 
priate for such a proposal, but that those very dreamitanaa of the 
time, which you and I so deeply lament and deplore, are precisely 
tht circumstances which call for such renewed and increased efforts 
on our part, as may indeed render this New Year, at its termination, 
a good year to tbe prosperity and usefulness of our society. Let me 
first, however, briefly review the progress we have made during the 
past year, and our present position. We shall then tbe more cor- 
rectly understand tbe point of departure from which we are now 
about to start. 

During the past year there have been added to the libcu^ %^ 



222 Jnnual Mdress. [July, 

bound voluniea, 1898 pamphlets, 36 original MSS., and 20 volumes i;£ 
newspapers. J 

There are 30 honorary members, \i life members, 356 residead 
members, and a large number of corresponding' memberii. Of theal' 
21 resident, 5 corresponding' and 3 honorary memberH were admittod 
during the last year. 4 honorary, 1 resident and 3 correspotidiDg 
members have deceased the past year And 16 biographical and 
genealogical notices of great interest have been prepared and read 
by our very accurate and able ofBcer, Mr. Trask. 

Even from this brief summary, you will have learned some cheer- 
ing and gratifying facts. It is vary gratifying and very cheering to 
know tliat, while ao many public societies and private individuals 
have fallen into debt and difficulty during the past year, our sociel 
stands free and unincumbered; and thai nol mu biil, projierly audUi 
has ener ka4 lo ht pruenled a seamd livu. for paynunt. 

For this healtiiy and creditable state of affairs, we are, I am bound 
to say, greatly indebted to the ability and care of our escellent trea- 
surer, Mr. Towne. And from him I am authorized to announce to 
you that, providing a sufficient number of life memberships can be 
secured, by which the sum of $1000 will accrue to the society, there 
will be dohated to it a like amount from one of its members. That 
this munificent offer will be fully carried out, you can have no better 
assurance than that of our treasurer, who, I am much inclined to 
suppose, is Very strongly identified with the generous donor. It 
is also a source of satisfaction to learn that so large an increase of 
members has taken place during the last year, and that the total 
number of resident members reaches so respectable a number aa 
355 — a number much larger than that of many learned societies of 
much older standing — consisting of persons of education, refine* 
ment and character. Many of the names upon the list are those 
of men well known to fame. The number and the nature of the 
papers read during the last 12 months have both been such as to 
reflect much credit on the labor and zeal of the gentlemen who pre- 
pared them. The value of the biographical notices especially can- 
not be too highly estimated, nor too gratefully acknowledged. The 
preparation of such papers is one of the most patent and proper 
duties of our society, nor can 1 too earnestly recommend for the 
imitation of all our brethren, the admirable example set them both 
by our former and present hiBtoriographcrs. I may have to allude 
to this subject again, and therefore will only pause at present to 
remark that such biographies, carefnlly and conscientiously pre- 
pared, deposited in the archives of the institution, and at the close 
of each year bound in volumes, systematically arranged and furnish' 
ed with indexes, will form a body of literature of incalculable valae 
to the present and future generation, and, as a consequence, will 
reflect the greatest credit on this our society. 

It IB in no invidious spirit towards other societies of a partially 
similar character to our own that I refer, as / do most empAalicalty, to 
a feature in our constitution, which seems to me to be especially 
worthy of commendation, and to give the society a strong claim upon 
the encouragement and support of our fellow-citizens. 1 was about to 
say " of the educat«d classes " of our community; but, thanks to our 



.1. 

ma" 



Annual Address. 

liberal political iiiBtitntionB, and to the wise and noble men who 
framed tliem, we have no untdacaled claast-e. I allude to the broad 
and liberal principle, which throws opon tlie door of our society to 
every man of cultivated mind and upright character; in this respect 
following the example of our sisttr inslitulion of New York. We 
all know that, both in this country and in Europe, a narrow and ox- 
elusive, wrongly called " cooBervative " spirit, guides the action of 
many learned societies, and rendtrs it a matter of great difficulty 
for any "novi Aomnti" to gain admission within their jeolooely 
guarded precincts. 

I have examined with some care the li^ta of the members of some 
of these exclusive societies, and I have failed to discover that, as » 
body, Ihey are superior, in point of learning, virtue, or any other 
mental or moral endowment, to hundreds of those so jealously ex- 
cluded from their ranks. Our socinty utterly ignores and rejects all 
such exclusiveoess. Our object is, distinctly and avowedly, to pro- 
ruote, in the moat thorough and practical way, the studies of History 
and Genealogy. We believe that in a well educated community like 
that of MaasachnseitB, there are very few iodeed, who are not quali- 
fied to assist, more or less, in this useful and patriotic work; and 
elill fewer, who, if they feel a present deficiency, do not deeiro to 
supply it, by seeking to gain the knowledge of which they stand in 
need; and therefore, putting aside all presumptuous claims and 
narrow distinctions, we invite all men of intelligence and good 
character, who appreciate the value and importance of Iheaa our 
special pursuits, to come and join us, and thus to assist in diffusing 
the beneficial tcbuUs of our labors more widely and generally 
throughout our country. 

These are all cheering and gratifying points in the review of our 
progress thuB far; and now I repeal that renewed exertions and an 
enlarged machinery are needed by oUr society, and that the present 
critical and trying time is jiredstly that whicli. so far from being in- 
anepicious and nnfavorable to such a proposal, imperatively calls for 
it, in the strong united tones of duty aud of patriotism. Turn back 
with me the glance of memory over even the last twelve months — 
the retrospect indeed is a sad one, and yet, with all the sadness, 
there mingles the feeling of a just and lofty pride. How many a 
uoble son of America and Massachusetts after having endured suf- 
ferings aud sacriGces, aud performed deeds of valor, unsurpassed 
by the best mtn and bravest Aeroa of any land or age, has that brief 
|>eriod seen borne to his bloody grave. To a certain extent, indeed, 
it is all too true that 

" We'te tullen on gloomy d»jB. 

Sl&r tiler £Mr dscnys ; 

H&uf ft briglil iianit^, ihnt ihed 

Light o'er our land w diiA I 
Otik Mil Iho l«u- of liLtn Ui4l moamath 
Lost Joy or bope IhnI nu'er retutiielh : 

Bui brigbllj II0R8 Ibe tear 

Wifpt OD > soldier's biur I 



[Jnlj; 



Long may thd fair and brav 
eigb o'er eaoli hero's grave 



Yeal here lies our consolation, and the comfort and conaolation of 
ihe mao; mourning hearts throughout our land. Few iodeed are 
there amongst ua, who have not been called to bewail the Iobo of 
Home one near and dear amongst the hero-dead, that have been 
offered, voluntary victims, on the sacred altar of their country's liber- 
ty and safely; but amidst all our mourning, we derive some con8ol»- 
tioD from the thought, that JB 



a have been 
enjoyed aa had bee 
worthy fear to pn 
dearer to them thi 
offer them; and hi 



To each and all of these, our honored bero-dead, tlie words of ttiS 
great Grecian orator, uttered above the funeral-pyre of his country- 
men, elain in a like defence of a noble republic against a tyrannical 
and belot-bolding oligarchy, are peculiarly applicable. I give you 
their purport in Dr. Arnold's summary and paraphraae: " They have 
died for their country and Aer praise is theirs. My task is then mostly 
completed; yet it maybe added, that their glorious and beauUfnl 
' by a most glorious death. Enjoying and 
3 their life, it never tempted them to seek by ud- 
long it. To repel their country's enemies was 
n the fairest prospect which added years could 
ring gained this, they were content to die; and 
tbeir last field witnessed their brightest glory, nndimmed by a single 
thought of weakness. Let us follow, then, their esample, contem- 
plating our country's greatness, till our minds and hearts are fully 
inspired with a sense and a love of itl This is but the natural fruit 
of virtues such as theirs, whom we are now lamenting. They, when 
they could give her nothing else, gave her their own lives, and llieir re- 
turn ia nn tnduriitg momtmenl in every heart, in crery land, foreverl Let 
HI do likewise, remembering that to ne to live conquered aud de- 
graded, aft«r BO much dominion aud glory, would be far more bitter 
than the momentary pang of triumphant death! There is also ono 
brief pasaage in this speech so gloriously eloquent, that I cannot re- 
frain from giving you the literal translation of the Greek — It is this: 
" For the whole world ia the grave of illustrious heroes, nor is it 
merely the inscription upon monuments in their native land, that pre- 
serves their memory: but even in the land o( foreigmn, there is 
cherished in regard lo them, an unwritten memorial of the heart, rather 
than of a material monument," 

Those noble words of Periclea, or rather of Thucydides, so atrik- 
ingly appropriate to the glorious deeds and glorious deaths of our 
warrior-slain, ought tu endear the study of Grecian history to every 
American heart. It ia most gratifying lo know that the spirited and 
patriotic diligence of some of our members, has secured for our 
archives, memoirs of several of thoae noble lives given by the old 
Bay State to tlie cause of our country. Bnt of very many, we have, as 
yet, no record. This deficiency I would urge you earnestly to lose no 
time in supplying. Let it not be said that this New England Society, 
profeasedly devoted to theatudieaofBiography and History, has failed^ 
to secure aud register an authentic memorial of even one of that boat o^ 



188S.] Amval AMmt. 336 

New England heroes, who, since the commencement of this unhappy 
war, have alteated by their life-blood, their love of country, of cone ti in- 
tion and of libertyl This duty, then, I wonld In the iirst place, respect- 
fally, but energetically, commend to the prompt and eaniest attention 
of all my brethren of this society. As yet, the means and materials for 
its fulfillment are easily accessible; but every month, nay, every week, 
and every day, will make its effective performance more difficult and 
laborious. Let not the anniversary of this, our first meeting of the 
new year, return, without seeing our library supplied with a com- 
plete list of these records of the patriotic heroism by which this dark 
and trying time of uur republic has been so gracefully adorned, and 
flo brightly illustrated. Nor would I have records merely in the 
form of MSS., but as they so well deserve, in the more permanent and 
more useful form of volumes printed and published by our society. 
We should then have, even in that collection alone, a library of ines- 
timable value, full of the most sonUnspiring lifc-leseons for the 
iDBtrnction and elevation of the hearts and minds of our childrens' 
children; lessons that will, with God's blessing, prove the strongest 
and most enduring bulwark through all time, of American pros- 
perity, power and independence! And before I leave this subject, 
let me observe, as a matter of no slight significance and importance, 
more particularly to such a society as ours, that the majority of 
thoae, our departed heroes of whom I have been speaking, were as 
distinguished for their love of literature and of history, as for their 
Talor on the battle-field. Almost all of them might, could he come 
oaoe more among ua, fairly appropriate to himself and his career, the 
words of Cicero, in his well-known defence of Archias, "Nisi mui- 
fsrwM prttaplii miUlisgue Uteris mtAt ab adokttentia suasissen, nihil use in 
vili mognnpere expelettdum, nut laudem et ktmestattm: in tA auttm perst- 
fvmdi omna cmdaCus iMTforit, omnia periatla metrtis atque exsitii, parvi 
HM ducttula ; nuTi^uun me, pro lalule vestri, in lot ae lanlai dimtcatuma, 
atgut in hoi prri/Ugalorum Aommum qitoiidianoi impetus obfedssem," which 
I may freely translate, as addressed by them to America in general, 
and to theii- native state in particular : " Had I not thoroughly con- 
vinced myself, from my youth upwards, by the example and instruc- 
tion of many, and by much reading, that nothing in life was worthy 
of eager pursuit, except glory and honor: but Ihat in seeking to 
attain these, all sufferings of the body, all dangers of death and exile, 
ought to be esteemed of little account, I would never have exposed 
myself in defeuce of your safety, t» so many and so deadly struggles, 
and to those constant attacks of reckless rebels." 

And again, my friends, I would not be content, nor have you to 
be content, even with these documentary memorials of our illnstrious 
dead, all valuable and desirable as these may be. 1 would have the 
very form and features of each of this glorious band of patriot mar- 
tyrs kept in familiar presence before the eyes of the members and 
friends of our society in the sculptured marble, and on the painted 
canvas. It was a wise and admirable custom of the ancient Greeks 
and Romans, to consecrate the cognate arts of sculpture and of paint- 
ing, to the preservation of the memory of their departed great ones. 
Nor was it merely their temples, council halls, and other public 
buildings, that were thus adorned with the forms and the faces of illus< 



.Annual Address. 



[Jn!v, 



trioua stateBtnen, warriors, patriots, but even each private citizen of 
moderate means and rank, was greeted, as lie entered tbe hall of his 
home, witii the eight uf busts aud portraits, whose expressive fea- 
tures, itlumined by the light of noble deeds, warned faim to avoid 
all that was mean, and cowardly, and base, and to aim at and ae«k 
after "pro mrifepnrie," with all tbe power at his command, tbe Tie* ' 
tuous, tbe patriotic and tbe noble I j j 

Even these two suggestions which I have thus, under the nfrrm^j 
impulse of duty, ventured to offer fur yoitr consideration — the OQS 
of an extended library of contemporaneous biography, the other of 
an auxiliary collection of busts and portraits, must either presuppose 
or involve as a necessary consequence, another very serious and 
important step — a step from which, at a lime of pecuniary public 
embarrassment like the present, the society -may, at first sight, 
somewhat shrink, but which I believe to be of absolute and essential 
consequence to its continued and increased vigor and usefulness. I 
allude, of course, to the procuring of a building capable of accommo- 
dating such collections with convenieuce, as well as of affording for 
our meetings a hall better adapted by situation, siae and architect- 
ure, to the enlarged numbers, and now ackuowledged dignity of our 
eocieiy, I recently had the pleasure of inspecting the rooms and 
equipments of a kindred society, and that so.ciety not a very old one, 
in the city of New York — the New York Historical Society, and I 
confess that something of chagrin, though not, I trust, of ungenerous 
envy, mingled with the admiration, which that inspection excited 
within me. Id addition to many other things of vast utility in pro- 
moting the special aims of the society, I saw there a large, valua- 
ble and admirably arranged library, in which tbe historical student 
can scarcely fail to find each aud every book required for the effect- 
ive prosecution of his studies and researches. But in addition to 
this, I was at once surprised and gratified to find embodied among 
the treasures of the society, and located in its library, a vast and 
various collection of Egyptian antiquities, comprising upwards of 
eleven hundred specimens, many of them very rare and valuable, of 
ancient Egyptian art. 

This splendid collection has become tbe property of the society 
through the munificence of the citizens of New York, and as I gazed 
upon it, and reflected upon a fact so creditable to the generosity and 
public spirit of a community which, with perhaps a somewhat exag- 
gerated sense of literary superiority, we of Boston are apt to identify 
chiefly with the successful pursuit of trade aud commerce, 1 could 
not altogether suppress a hope that so noble an example might act 
as a wholesome stimulus upon the public spirit of our city, in impell- 
ing it to encourage and belp in some similar way, or by the gift of 
a suitable site for our new offices, an institution which has now given 
ample proof, as well of its great usefulness to the commnnity, as of 
tbe liberal character of its constitution and arrangements. But this 
was by no means all that attracted my attention in tbe rooms of the 
New York Historical Society, the visitor to which may gratify his 
curiosity and love of the antique, by an inspection of the Lenox 
OollectioD of Nineveh Sculptures, a collection which, when inoreMcd, 
aa it shortly will be, by the American collections now awaitiug tf ~ 




1863.1 .^Tmual Addrtas. 227 

space and moans of arrangement, will, I am iDformed, bear to be 
compare<l with the far-famed Nineveh Remains of tlie-Sloane Museam 
of London. Besides these relics of ancient art, which are the pro- 
perly of the societ;, its general attractiveness and means of useful- 
iieas have been largely increaoed, by its becoming the custodian and 
exhibitoroftheNewYorkGallerjof Fine Arts, a collection with which 
mast ever be honorably associated the name of Lchan Reed, to whose 
caltivated taste, sonnd judgment and expansive generosity, that 
Gallery of Art owes its foundation. Other interesting collections of 
paintings are there deposited also for exhibition, and the generosity 
both of artists and of the friends of history and art, has been dis- 
played in presenting many valuable portraits as gifts to the society. 
Here again I would say, not to our members alone, but to the friends 
of history and biography in learned and literary Boston, " Go ye aud 
do likewise." 

Many of you will agree with me, as well in my admiration of this 
New York institution, and of the munificence of the commnnity in 
affording it such liberal and valuable support, as in regard to the 
deBtrability of securing for ourselves a more eligible and commodi- 
ons building, adorned with suitable apparatus, in the form 1 have 
suggested of library, busts aud paintings; an^ yet may consider it 
little better than an Utopian dream, to propose the attainment of 
such an object at the present time. Pardon me, if I dissent from 
tbis doubt. Through & life of some length, I have maintained a Grm 
and unwavering faith in the prompitude and willingness of the 
citizens oF Boston, to encourage and support any cause, that should 
exhibit substantial proof of its intrinsic worth and its pnblic utility. 
Such proof has now been afforded by the unobtrusive, but steady and 
persevering labors of this society, during a period more than long 
enough to test the soundness and merit of any undertaking; and I 
cannot bring myself to believe that the public of Boston will show 
less liberalily towards a society, whose labors appeal more directly, 
through the channels of biography and genealogy, to the sympathy 
and support of each individual member of the comnmnity, than that 
of commercial New York has exhibited towards one, whose wider 
and less personal field of history, unassociated with these kindred 
departments, causes its column of interest to rest solely aud entirely 
on the broad basis of love of literature. 

Do not imagine, I pray you, that I would seek this public support 
"in foT'ma pauperis," or as begging any favor. I should be very 
florry to make even a remote allusion to such a topic, did I not be- 
lieve that we deserved it, as a matler of jaaliet and of right. New 
England at large, and Massachusetts more particularly, and Boston 
most of ail, already owe a deep debt to the labors of this society, 
collective and individual, for a very large number of most interest- 
ing and valuable memoirs of citizens, prepared by our members not 
alone for the journals of our institution, but for the public press of 
Boston; and should the community come forward to-morrow and pre- 
sent us with the free gift of a commodious and handsome building, 
it would only be discharging a just debt of gratitude. But though 
I confidently look for this eventual recognition of our claims aud 
services, I would not wait for, or depend npou it altme just note. It 



Jhtmial JIMress. 



[Jnljl 



■ is dear to even 



waa a trne and pithy aayinp of ode, wbof 
eon of Boston, tliat " God helps llioae wb 
believe that, even now, bow dark soever the political and pecnniary 
atmosphere all around may be, enfBcient pnblic spirit and senst of 
individual daty will be found, even in our own body, to supply tlie 
means for building, or otherwise securing, both a more convenient 
and eligible bailding than this, and also for forming the nuclens, "~ 
least, of that collection of aculpturo and painting, which I bold 
be of such vital consequence to the anccessfnl prosecution of o 
labors, in the promotion of biographical and historical studies, Nor 
do I, for a moment doubt, that even now, as aoou as proof is 
afforded of this our willlngneBS to " help ourselves " that, so far at 
all events as the site for a building Is concerned, the city will be 
ready and willing to extend to us a helping band. In this, as in 
many another cause, success depends upon a just and well-founded 
cournge and confidence. I, for one, believe we deserve it. I feel 
sure that tbe circumstances of the time are precisely such as dev 
maud a vigorous and selF-sacrlficing effort on our part, and no ' '"" 
confident am I, that if we put forth that effort, pulling 
pull and a strong pnll, and a pull all together" we shall 8UC< 



and thus render the >ear that Is 



when it becomes old and 






is devH 

•lomH 
;ceed:^ 



draws towards its end, omphallcally a good year for our society and 



for our own consciences. At all events, I ' 
endeavor in this as in all else, to discover 
having so discovered, to pursue it manfully i 
our motto, the noble words of Addison, 



lid say, let us simpiT 
tbe path of duty, and, 
nd fearlessly, tab lug 



iM 

or ■ 



" "Tia not in mortnU to eammand tacoeea. 
But we'll do mom, Semproaius, we'll dttmi it."' 

And now, my friends, before I offer for your consideration a 
BUggestlon, to my mind of very weighty ioiportance, permit 
deprecate the idea of assuming to myself any greater knowledge or 
wisdom than is possessed by Uinse around me. I am very couscioDa 
that many, that most of my brethren of this society are far more 
competent than I, to afford you wise and wholesome connael; but 
you will, I am aure, give me credit for being sincerely deslious of 
promoting the lasting usefulness aud well-being of a society in 
which, from the first, I have taken so deep and lively an interest; 
uor do I think that its younger members will bo unwilling to listen 
to such suggestions, as a life neither of short duration, nor limited 
or little experience and familiarity with such studies and pursuits, aa 
form more especially the subjects of our labors and lucubrations, 
may in some degree qualify me to present to them. Perhaps, 
towards them, at least, I may, without immodesty or presumption, 
adopt the words of the great orator, " Rome's best mortal mind," 
from whom I have already made more than one quotation: " Nihil 
naxae at miki de me ipso dicere: qnanquam tst id quidam leniU, ataliqut 
fioilm a>nadilur." We are living and acting a history, which it will 
be tbe task and duty — a must solemn and momentous one — of oar 

' A member of tho society bus alrendy offered to ba one of ihirtj to coolrilinte . 
S1000 eaub, toikltiB n loUl of )30,OUO, to fuiuiah the socletj with n snllable build^ 



S-l Mnual Jiddress. 229 

vsort to record truly aod impartiallj: at preaent, paqeioD and 
prejudice aud party feetia^, are all too stroiigly aod keenly excited 
to render it posbiIjIc for the most coDBCienliouB and upright man 
amoDgat us to give a atrictly tnitbrul and impartial account, even 
of those occurrences which are daily taking place within bis own 
immediate sphere of observation. We have only to glauce at and 
compare the accounts uf siidi occurrences in the more respectable 
jouroals of opposite sides of politics, to be thoroughly convinced of 
the truth of this assertion. Fair and impartial history cannot bo 
written till the eyes of the historian arc cleared, by the lapse of 
time, and the subsidence of excitement, from all the obscuring filma 
of prejudice and passion, by which the vision of the most conscien- 
tious and upright is almost as liable to be darkened and perverted 
for a time, as that of the avowed political partizan, visionary en- 
thusiast or bigoted fanatic. It is not uncommon to hear among 
those who foolishly strive to depreciate the study of history and 
biography, sucb an inference as this, drawn from the diverse and 
contradictory colorings given by different narrators to events which 
happen in our own time and almost within our own personal cogniz- 
ance: " If (they say) it is so difficult to ascertain the esact truth of 
BQch events as these, transpiring in our own immediate neighborhood 
aud time, how can we place any confident reliance on the records of 
ancient history, on the works of those who lived so long ago ae 
Herodotus and Thucydidcs and Livy, or even of the comparatively 
modern authors of European htBtorj?" Tbo objection appears, at 
first sight, very fair aod specious, but ovly at fint sight. A tittle re- 
flection will show that it rests on on better or more solid foundation 
than many another smart saying and sneering criticism, that from 
time to time have been launched against all that is venerablo and 
holy in knowledge and religion. For my own part I can sit down 
and peruse Thucydides' History of the Peloponnesian War with far 
more security aud confidence than i feel while reading many a record 
of events that occurred in the last generation. More or less nf the 
dross of the original jealousies and prejudicea of country, sect or 
party, still adheres to, and alloys the pure metal of fact and truth, 
in these more recent narratives. But the long lapse of time and the 
persevering labors of a stern, searching and antagonistic criticism, 
have long siuce cleared away from those ancient records, all this 
obscurity and corrupting dross, while moreover our own eyes, un- 
dimmed by any shade of party or personal or national prejudice, are, 
in this caae, qualified more readily and perfectly to discern the 
golden vein of truth. 

"What bearing has all this" you may aak, "on the present duty of 
this oor soctetyf " I answer, a most important one. It is not, as I 
have said, in our power at present to write a correct and impartial 
history of the mighty and momentous struggle, through which our 
beloved country, and as represenled by her, the high and holy cause 
of the progress, civilisatiou and freedom of humauity at large, are 
now passing; but it is in our power to secure and provide for oar 
successors the means necessary to the fair and full accomplishment 
of that most onerous and most responsible duty. I think it was 6r8L 
■ome remarks of Lord Uacaulay, an observation of the sources CtQm. 
10 



230 * Annual Address. [Jnly, 

wliich he drew eo large an amount of graphic and life-like pictures 
of English hiatory; and Becooclly, some siiggeslionB of my esteemed 
friend, the Librarian of Harvard Uoiveraity, that originally impreaaed 
Opon my mind, the great importance of preserving for the after use 
of the hiatorian, the various Journals, pamphlets and periodicala, thst 
emanate from the presB, more especially iu a period of great eveat, 
and consequently of great excitement like ihe present. 

Publications, that may seem to us even of a very trivial or worth- 
lees kind, may prove of immense, almost incalculable value to him, 
wbo amid the calm of a more peaceful future, ahall undertake thia 
mighty task of giving a trne and life-like picture of the stirring and 
startling events, in the midst of which we are moving, living, acting, 
and of the more secret, as well as more powerful motive powers that 
have propelled and sustained the toacliinery of those events in its 
rapid and resistless action. 

An apt illustration of this value to the historian, of document! 
that might to a superficial eye, appear utterly useless for historic 
porpoBCB, and indeed in their nature, qQite unsnited to the dignity of 
history, just otcurs to me in connection with Macaulay's celebrated 
work; in the early part of which, when examining the condition of 
artisans and laborers in tlie reign of Charles II, he draws valuable 
information from so low and insignificant a source as a ballad of tht 
finu, preserved in the Biiliith Museum. You*will not deem it irrele- 
vant in me to quote his words; " The common people of that day 
were not in the habit of meeting for public discussion, or of haran- 
guing, or of petitioning Parliament. No newspaper pleaded their 
cause. It was in rude rhyme that their love and hatred, their 
exultation and distress, found utterance. A great part of their his- 
tory is to be learned only from their ballads. One of the most re- 
markable of the lays chanted about the streets of Norwich and Leeds 
in the time of Charles the II, may stili be road in the original 'broad- 
side.' I will quote a few lines, premlBing that it is a master clothier, 
who is sujiposed to be speaking: 

' We will make them work hard tor six pun ce adaj, 
Though B shilling they dtserFii, If they hkd their fall pijr 
Ir kt bU \Uey mumiDr, and tsj it is tou Bmall, 
We bid them choose whether they'll work U all. 
, Tliao hej I (or the clothing trnde I It goes on bnvu, 
Wt Bcom fur to toyl and moyl, nor yet to alave ; 
Our varkwun do work hard, but m live at ease, 
Wv go wlivn ne will, and vome when we please,' " 

Now wlio, I ask yon, even of the Dioat intelligent and fai^aeeing 
persons that may have heard that rude doggerel sung in the streets of 
Leeds or Norwich wmild or could have anticipated that, two hnndred 
years afterwards, one of the most accomplished of modern liistoriai 
and scholars, would derive from it, strong corroborative evidence 
the condition of the English artisan in their own time? ] 
been the case! 

Is not Ihis then a strong and striking warning to ub, to preservj 
in the archives of our society, copies of the journaia, periodicals, p( 
litical pamphlets, yes, and even satirical squibs and caricatures, c 
this eventful time, as likely to be of equal or greater benefit to tbi 



t 

I 

I 

I 

:1 



1 



1863.] 



Seal of the Socidy. 



kiod patience 1 
portauce of the uicasur 
yonr attention. I belie 



fatnre liistorian of the great American civil war? I feel myaeif 
warraoted in commending this euggestion to your tlioughtfiil consid- 
eration, believing, us I do, that every member, touy, in this way, at 
very little cost or trouble to liimselT, confer a valuable service, not 
ftlone upon nur institution now, bnt npon tiie cause uf truth, and the 
interests of our posterity hereafter. And, as our lihrarian is already 
more than suQicienLiy tasked by the present labors of bis office, I 
would add the further suggestion, that thoee, who may think this 
hint worthy of adoption, should so arrange tlieir respective col- 
lections of such fngilive literature in volumes similar to tliuse already 
on our shelves, that they will entail no further trouble on the libra- 
rian, than tliat of labeling and entering them ou the catalogue. 

There are not a few kindred topics on fthicli 1 would willingly 
dwell, but 1 feel, genllcoicn, that I liave already LrcRpaaaed on your 
1 foel very deeply impresaed with the im- 
3s, which I have ventured to commi^nd to 
ve those measures would be fraught with 
great and enduring benefit to our society, and I also believe them to 
be not only pM«W<, hxii j/radicahU. If, however, your mature consi- 
deration and collective wisdom should be in an opposite conclusion, 
then I would only ask you to believe, that they have originated in 
the promptings of a heart sincerely and ardenlly desirous of seeing 
thix society raised to that elevated rank and extended sphere of 
usefulness, the attainment of which would at once, in my opinion, be 
a TnoBt just reward of its own Ubors and pursuits, and a must solid 
and enduring benefit to the people of New England. 

However this may be, I conclude, as I began, with an earnest 
', that you ail, and this, our society in particular, may, at its 
ination, have reason to acknowledge with gratitude to the Giver 
t all Good, that this New Year shall have proved a Good Year! 



SuL 07 THE HisTORiO-QiNBALoaiCAi. SociKTv, — On the 7th of October, 

1845, a committee consisting of Charles 

Ewer, Lemuel Shattuck, J. Wiugate 

Thornton, and Horatio 0. Somerby, 

were directed " to procure a corporate 

seal, bearitig a suitable device, for the 

e of the society." The seal then pro- 

I cured was cut by Fraucis N. Mitchell 

I of Boston, seal engraver, and is still in 

I. The device — which we are told 

is chiefly the work of Mr. Somerby — 

' i as follows: On a shield, a landscape 

'ith a pine tree, representing New Eng- 

ind, proper, surrounded by a belt bear- 

bgr the motto, In Memoriam Majorum ;' on either side of which is the 

Vte uf incorporation, aurraounted with a dexter hand, issuing from 

ids. prpseivinp; in its grasp a volume of ancient records, all pro- 

; the whole encircled by the name uf the society. A woodcal ot 

■ seal is annexed. 




S32 Marriages, Births and Deaths at Taunton, Mass. [Jdlji 



I 



MARHIAGES, BIRTHS AND DEATHS AT TAUNTON, MASS.* 

LCopIed bom th» Proprieton' Beoords, by E. H. Ean>, Esq. of Tftnnton.] 

Conaladed from p«se 37- 

The names of the children of Richard Bort: Abil, bnrne 6 Dee., I 

1651. Ester Goliup.dr. of John Gt>llup, borne 31 July, 1653. Mary ' 

Burt, dr. of Richard, borne about 15 May, 1661. Richard, son, borne 

about 21 Judo, 1663. Joseph, borne about 15 May, 166G. Ebenezer, 

borno about 15 May, 1669. John, borne about 21 Aug., 1671. Eph- 

raim, borne 27 Feb., 1674. Abagail, borne 28 Jan., 1676. 

The names of the children of Eloazer Gilbert: Elizabeth, boriw 
9 March, 1683. Mercy, borne 13 Oct., 1684. 

Uriah, son of Jamei) Leonard, Sen., borne 10 July, 1662. 
Uriah Leonard, marled to Elizabeth Caswell. 1 June, 1685, Uriah, 
son of Uriah, borne 10 April, 1686. 

Nathaniel! Williamti, maried to Elizabeth Rogger of Dnckabery, 17 
Nov., 1668. John, eon of Nalhauiull, borne 27 Aug.. 1675. Nathan- 
iel, sou of Nathaniell, borne 9 April, 1879. Elizabeth, dr. of; 
Nathaniell, 18 April, 1686, 

Benjamin Williams, maried to Rebekah Hacey, 12 March, 
90. Rebekab, dr of Benjamin, borne 27 Nov., 1690, Josiah, son of 
BeDJamin, borne 1 Nov., 1692. Benjamin, son of Benjamin, borne 
31 July, 1695. John, son of Benjamin, borno 27 March, 1699. 

SamuellJIiil, son of Samucll goJl, Sen., maried to Elizabeth Boorn, 
7 April, 1686. Elizabeth, dr. of Samuell, borne 20 March, 1681. 
Remember, dr. of Samuell, borne 15 Feb., 1689. Nicholas, son of 
Samuell, borne 23 Jan., 1690. Mary, dr. of Samuelt, borne last day 
of Oct., 1692. Nathaniel, son of Samuell, borne 18 May, 1695. Ma- 
hitahel, dr. of Samuell, borne 1 Dec, 1697. Enocfa, son of Samuel), 
borne 13 April, 1699, 

Abraham Hathaway, maried to Robekah Wilbore, 28 Aug., 1684. 
Abraham, son of Abraham, borno 11 Sept., 1685. Thomas, sun of 
Abraham, borne 26 Jan., 1686. Ebenezer, son of Abraham, borne 25 
May, 1689. 

Joseph White, children's names and age: Lidia, borne IT Aug., 
1682. Joseph, borne 13 Feb., 1683. Edward, borne 27 March, 1686. 
Mary, borne 19 July, 1688. Susans, borne 8 Aug., 1690. William, 
borne 28 Ocl., 1692. Nathaniel, borne 26 April, 1695. Ebenezer, 
borne 13 Sept., 1697. 

Samuel Bagley, marled to Mary Thayer of Brantrey, 17 May 1888. 

Mary Godtree, dr. of Robert Godfree, borne 5 April, 1686. 

Mr. Giles Gilbert, maried to Mary Rockit (widow) of Rehoboth, 

28 Oct., 1686. John, son of Giles, borne 24 Aug., 1687. John, sou 

of Giles, dyed sometime in March, 1688. Joseph, sod of Giles, 

borne 22 March, 1689. 

James Philips, maried to Abigail Hathaway, 9 Dec, 1685. James, 

son of James, borne 15 Sept., 1686. Sarah, dr. of James, borne 84 

Feb., 1687. 

The uamei of the children of James Philips by Lis wife BIImi* 



I 



I 



1863.] Marriages, Births and Deaths at tauntMf Mass. 233 

beth: Elizabeth, borne 8 March, 1692-3. Mary^ borne 7 Nov., 
1694. Samuell, borne 10 Feb., 1697. Rebekab, borne last day of 
Aug., 1700. Experience, borne 8 April, 1702. Nathaniell, borne 11 
Feb^l704. Kezia, borne 18 Nov., 1706. Daniell, borne 28 Oct., 1708. 

John Crane, maried to Hannah Leonard, 13 Dec, 1686. Ziporah, 
dr. of John, borne 13 March, 1688-9. Oershom, son of John, borne 
3 Sept., 1692. 

William Briggs, son of Richard Briggs, maried to Constant Lin- 
con, 13 July, 1687. 

Thomas Braman, maried to Hannah Fisher, 20 Jan., 1686. Tho- 
mA8, son of Thomas, borne 2 Dec, 1686. Danill, son of Thomas, 
borne 13 Oct., 1688. 

Joseph Woode, maried to Easter Walker, 1 Jan., 1679. Joseph, 
son of Joseph, borne 4 Ang., 1681. John, son of Joseph, borne 28 
Feb., 1683. 

Richard Bart, maried to Eonice Leonard, 18 Feb., 1686-^6. Je- 
mima, dr. of Richard, borne 12 April, 1687. 

Thomas Hanrey, Sen., maried to Elizabeth Willis of Bridgwater, 
10 Dec, 1679. William, son of Thomas, borne 2 Jan., 1680. Tho- 
mas, soti of Thomas, borne 17 Sept., 1682. John, son of Thomas, 
borne 4 Feb., 1683. Jonathan, son of ThomaS) borne 80 April, 1685. 
Joseph, son of Thomas, borne 14 Jan., 1687. 

Samnell Thrasher^ maried to Bethia Brooks of Rehoboth, 6 
Dec., 1683. Samuel, son of Samuell, borne 2 Oct, 1686. Brooks, 
son of Samiiell, borne ll Sept., 1688. Bezaleel, son of Samuell, 
borne 28 Oct., 1689. Elnathan, son of Samuel, borne 1 Aug., 1691. 

Sktmuell Wilbore, maried to Sarah Philips, 19 Dec, 1688. Mary, 
dr. of Samuell, borne 9 Sept., 1689. Sarah, dr. of Samuell, borne 21 
March, 1690. Sarah, dr. of Samuell, dyed 81 May, 1690. Anna, dr. 
ot Samuell, borne 16 July, 1692. Samuell, son of Samuell, borne 
26 March, 1695. Samuell Wilbore, Sen., dyed 16 Dec, 1695. 

Jonathan Pratt, maried to the widow Elizabeth Hall, 8 March, 
1689-90. 

The naules of Thomas Eliot, his children: Joseph, borne 2 March, 
1684. Elizabeth, borne 1 Jan., 1686. Benjamin, borne 23 June, 1689. 
Jane Eliot, wife of Thomas, dyed 9 Nov., 1689. 

John Thrasher, borne 8 Dec, 1653; maried to Mercy Grossman, 26 
Jan., 1687. Christopher, son of John, borne 9 June, 1689. Mercv, 
dr. of John, borne 3 April, 1691. John, son of John, borne 2 March, 
1698. Damans, dr. of John, borne 17 April, 1695. Sarah, dr. of 
John, borne 20 March, 1697. Hannah, dr. of John, borne 14 July, 
1701. Israel, son of John, borne 24 Dec, 1708. Catharine, dr. of 
John, borne 20 Dec, 1707. 

John Crossman, maried to Joanna Thayer, 7 Jan., 1689. Abigail, 
dr. of John, borne 7 Oct., 1690. Sarah, dr. of John, borne 27 Aug., 
1692. Joanna, dr. of John, borne 29 March, 1695. Mercy, dr. of 
John, borne 6 Oct., 1697. Deborah, dr. of John, borne 11 Feb., 
1700. John, son of John, borne 27 May, 1702. Jonathan, son of 
John, borne 27 Jan., 1705. Benjamin, son of John, borne 8 Jan., 
1708. Henry, son of John, borne 6 July, 1712. 

John Caswell, son of John Caswell, borne 17 July, 1690. Elizar 
beth, dr. of John, borne 16 Nov., 1691. Samuel, %0Ti ot Scjtoi^X^T&ib 



Marriages, Births and Deaths at TautUon, Matt. 



, boroe 1 Jan,, 169G. Jedediftbia 
Betbiali, son of Jobu, borne lil 




¥ 



6 Oct. 1695. 
HOB of Jobn, 
June, n05. 

Samuel Hackit'a children's birth. 

Nathauiel Tbayer, Jun , raaried to Rebekab Biiga, 11 Feb., 16' 
Nathaniel, son of Nathaniel, borne 11 Oct., 1693. 

SamuHll Smith, maried Hebokah Hoar. 20 Feb., 1690. Samaell, 
son of Samuel), borne 8 Feb., 1691. Sarah, dr. of Samuell, borne 3 
Dec , 1698. Rebekab, wife of Samuell Smith, dyed 30 April, 1694. 

Mr. Samnell Bauforth, maried : Elizabeth, dr. of Samuell, j 

borne 29 July, 1689. Samuell Danforth'a twins: the dr. culud MaryJ 
the BOD lived not to be baptized ; both dyed — they were born the firat] 
day of June, 1691. Jamas, son of Samuell, borue 11 Nov., 1692. 

William Brigs, sou of William Brigs, maried Lo Klizabetb LiikJ 
con, 13 Oct., 1693. Sarah, dr. of William, borne 5 Jnly, 1694. 

Samuell Crosman's children by liis wife Elizabeth: IDHzabetb,! 
borne 31 Oct., 1691. ThiMnas, borne 13 Aug., 1694. 

The register of the uames of the children of Samuell CrosBman b_ 
bia wife Mary: Joseph and Samuell, borue 22 Aug., 1697. Robert 
borue 29 April, 1699. Baruabas, borne 12 March, 1701. OabrielX 
borne 6 Nov., 1702, Sarah, borne 15 May, 1704. Phinebaa, bonicti 
31 July, 1707. Theophilus, borne 18 March, 1709. I 

John_I|.^l. son of Samuell Hall (deceased), children's namesil 
Sarah," borne 17 Jan., 1694-5? Susanna, borne 1 Not., 169&!r 
Seth. borue 7 Sept.. 1698. Hezekiah, borne 30 Oct., 1700. Josiali,] 
borne 21 Aug., 1702. Charity, borne 21 July. 1704. Zepora" 
borne 4 Aug., 1706. Elizabeth, borne 2 April, 1708. 

Elkannah Bobit, maried to Elizabeth Brigs, 25 June, 1609. El- 
kannah, son of Elkannah, borne 22 April, 1690. Damana, dr. of El- 
kannah, borne 18 June, 1691. Dorkas, dr. uf Elkannah, borne 12 
Aug., 1693. Hopestill, dr. of Elkannah, borue 11 Sept., 1696. Eli- 
zabeth, dr. of Elkannah, borne 6 March, 1698. Mercie, dr. of Eikan-7 
nnb, borne 30 Dec, 1699. 

Ebenezcr Uarabcl, maried to Hannah Fralt, 29 March, 1691. Oth-J 
nietl, eon of Ebenezer, borne 8 Feb., 1695-6. Ebontzer, son ( 
Ebenezer, son of Ebenezer, borne 30 Nov., 1697. Caleb, 
Ebenezer, borne 11 Nov., 1699. Joshua, son of Ebenezer, borue VL 
Jan., 1701. OneuimUB, son of Ebenezer, borne 10 March, 1704. Nfrl 
bemiah, son of Ebenezer, borne 15 Feb., 1706. Shuball, son of* 
Ebenezer, borne 28 Sept., 1709. Hannah, dr, of Ebenezer, borue I 
May, 1712. 

ThomsB Briggs, y= son of William Briggs, maried to Abigail 
Thi.yer, 24 Oct., 1689. Thomas, son of Thomas, borne 9 Oct., 16W.J 
Sarah, dr. of Thumas, borne 10 Dec, 1693. Nathaniel, son of Tho<| 
maa, borne 18 June. 1695. 

Joseph Tucker, maried to Hannah Wilkinson, 6 Dec. 1695. 

Deborah, dr. of Geo. and Lydia Godfrey, borne Oct. 30, 1740; 
Godfrey and Bethiah Hodges, maried in Norton, May 9, 1744, 
John Godfrey, Justice Peace. Lydia, dr. of Geo. and Bethia, bom 
May 21, 1745. Joanna, dr. of Geo. and Bethia, borne No^ 
Bethia, dr. of Geo. and Bethia, borne Sept. 22, 1749. Mary, dr. < 
Geo, and Bethia, borne Nov. 8, 1751. Weltbea, dr. of Geo. : 




1863.] MarriageSy Births and Deaths at Taunton^ Mass. 235 

Bethia, borne May 21, 1756. George 2d, son of Geo. and Bethia, 
borne Sept. 17, 1758. Rufue, son of Geo. and Betbia, borne July 8, 
1761. Linday, son of Geo. and Betbia, borne Marcb 1, 1766. All y® 
afores** children baptized by y« Rev. Mr. Fisher of Dighton. Do- 
parted this life, Bethia Godfrey, wife of said Geo. Godfrey, Esq., 
Jan 27, 1786. Geo. Godfrey, Esq., and Mrs. Abigail Dean, 2d., was 
married together at Taunton, Sept. 5, 1786, by the Rev. Mr. Ephraim 
Jndson; her maiden name was Abigail Shaw of Middleboro. 

Thos. Caswell, Jun., his children's age: Benjamin, borne 16 Nov., 
1676. Thomas, borne 2 Jan., 1677. Mary, borne 16 March, 1679. 
James, borne 17 May, 1681. John, borne 27 Jan., 1683. 

Charles Williams, maried to Mary Glading, 13 Feb., 1695. Chas., 
son of Charles, borne 27 Oct., 1696. 

John Hodges, maried to Elizabeth Macey, 15 May, 1672. John, 
son of John, borne 5 April, 1673. Nathaniel, son of John, borne 2 
April, 1675. Samuell, son of John, borne 20 May, 1678. William, 
son of John, borne 6 June, 1682. George> son of John, borne 27 
Nov., 1685. Ebenezer, scm of John, borne 13 March, 1687. Nathan, 
son of John, borne 23 Oct., 1690. 

John, son of Richard and Mary Godfrey, borne Oct. 31, 1691. 
Joanna Gooding, dr. of Geo. and Deborah Gooding, borne March IS, 
1687, being Sabath day. John Godfrey and Joanna Gooding, mar- 
ied in Dighton, by Henry Hodges, Esq., Feb. 2, 1716. Child of John 
and Joanna, dead borne. May 19, 1719. Geo. son of John, borne 
March 19, 1720-1. John, son of John, borne Dec^ 24, 1723. John, 
son of John, dyed Oct 29, 1725. John, son of John, borne Nov. 25, 
1728. John, son of John, dyed Nov. 26, 1749. Richard Godfrey, 
Ist named aforesaid, dyed Aug. 14, 1725. Mary, wife of said 
Richard, dyed Nov. 5, 1732. John Godfrey, Esq., father of said 
George, dyed Nov. 4, 1758. Joanna, mother of said George, dyed 
March 9, 1765. 

Ephraim Emerson, maried to Elizabeth Walker, 7 Jan., 1695-6. 
Theadotia, alias Ephraim, son of Ephraim, borne 24 Dec, 1696. 

Geo. Godfrey, 2d, son of Geo. Godfrey, Esq., and Abigail King, 
dr. of Capt. John King of Raynham^ maried 26 Dec, 1782. James, 
son of Geo., borne April 30, 1784. Samuel Leonard, son of Geo., 
borne April 7, 1786. Abigail, dr. of Geo., borne April 20, 1788. 

John Godfrey, son of Geo. Godfrey, Esq., maried to Jerusha 
Hodges, dr. of Abijah Hodges, June 3, 1779* John, 2d son of John 
and Jerusha, borne May 27, 1781. William, son of John, borne 
May 9, 1783. Charles, son of John, borne March 16, 1785. Geo. 3d, 
son of John, borne May 13, 1787. Samuel, son of John, borne Oct 
15, 1790. 

Samuel Leonard, maried to Katherine Deane, 17 April, 1701. 
Samuel, son of Samuel, borne 17 May, 1702. Nathan, son ot Samu- 
el, borne 5 May, 1704. 

Israeli Deane, Jun., of Taunton, maried to Catherine Bird of Dor- 
chester, 20 March, 1704-5. The record of the children of Israeli 
Deane, Jun., by Catherine, his wife: Stephen, borne 17 Feb., 1705-6. 
Stephen, dyed 3 March, 1705-6. Catherine, borne Feb. 10, 1706-7. 
Silence, borne July 7, 1709. Mehitabell, borne April 10, 1711. 
Israeli, borne Jan. 28, 1712-13. Joshua, borne March 3«lH4-\.^. 




> 



Marriages, Birtfu and Dtatht at Tavnloti, Matt. [Jtifyt 

Sufua Godfrey, eon of Geo. Godfrey, Esq., and Weltlioa Croaaman, 
At. of tho wife of fienj. Shorea, named Jemima, maried March 0, 
1185. Wcallliea 2d, dr. of Riifua and Wclthea, borne Aug. \1, 1186. 
Bethiah, dr. of Rufae, borne March 11, 1788. Abigail, dr. of RufOB, 
borne Sept. 5, 1790. 

, maried to Elizabetli Parker of Bridgwater, U Nov., 1665. 

Thomas Lincon, Sen., maried to Elizabeth Street, viddow, 10 Dec, 
1665. AggDcs Smith, wife of Francis Smith, dyed 6 Jan., 16ft6. 
William Briges, maried to Sarah Maycomber of Mashfele, 6 Nov., 
1S66. Snmuel) Holloway, maried to Jan Braman, 26 March, 1666. 
Jarad Talbut, maried to Sarah Androwes, I April 1664. John Edy, 
maried to Susana Padack of Dartmouth, the last Nov., 1665. Rich- 
ard Brigea, maried to Rebecka HoskinH of Lackingam, 15 hug,, 
1662. John Dean, maried Sarah Edaon of Bridgwater, 7 Nov., 16^. 
Joaeph Gray, maried Rebeka Hill, 25 Feb., 1667. Constant Astin, 
wife of Jonas, Sen., dyed 22 April, 1667. Jonah Aaten, Sen., maried 
Prancea Hill of Onckife, H Dec, 1667. Timothy, son of Mr. Wil- 
liam Poolle, dyed 15 Dec, 1667; he was drowned in a little pond at 
Wesqoabinansit, where it wae thought he did swim in after a gose 
which he had ahoote. John Parker, dyed 14 Feb., 1667. Ana, 
wife of James Burt, dyed 7 Aug., 1665. Elizabeth, w. of Joaeph 
Wilbore. dyed 9 Nov,, 1670. John, aon of John Deane, dyed 6 Ang., 
1670. Thomaa Armsbee, maried Mary Fitch of Rehoboib, 11 May, 
166T. John Tiedill, Jun., maried Hana Roggers of Duckabery, 28 
Nov., 1664. Goarg Shove, maried Hopealill Numan of Rehoboib, 
12 July, 1664. Lidia, wife of John Smith, Sen., dyed 21 July, 1672. 
Mr. John Pool, maried to Mra, Elizabeth Brenton, S8 March, 1673. 
Thomaa Dean, maried to Katrin Stephens, 5 Jan., 1669. Stephen 
Caawell, maried Hana Thrasher, 24 Dec, 1673. John Smith, Sen., 
maried Jael Parker of Bridgwater, 15 Nov., 1672. Andrew Smith, 
maried Mary Buudy, 5 Jan., 1673. John Pollard, maried Mary Li- 
nard of Bridgwater, 24 Dec, 1673. Mary, dr. of Shadrach Wilbore, 
dyed 10 June, 1674. Nicklos Stotnn, tnaried Elizabeth Knap, 11 
Feb., 1673. Martha, widow of John Bandy, dyed 1 May, 1674. 
Elias Irish, maried Dorothy Witherell, 26 Aug., 1674, Hannah, dr. 
of Shadrach Wilbore, dyed 30 Dec, 1675, John Bundy, maried 
Ruth Gurney of Mendum, 9 Jan. 1676. Jonah Aalcn 2d, dyed 10 
May, 1676. Richard Marshall, maried Easter Bell, 11 Feb., 1676. 
John Ttsdili, Sen., kiled by the Indians, 37 June, 1675. Sarah Tit- 
dill, wife of John Tisdill, Sen., dyed Dec, 1676. John Cobb, maried 
Jane Woodward, 13 June, 1676. Mra. Els Pain, dyed 5 Dec. 1689. 
Jonah AatiD, Sen., dyed SO July, 1883. Mary Wilbore, wife of 
Shadrach Wilbore, dyed 27 March, 1691. Shadrach Wilbore, inariad 
HaoDah Paine of Brantry, 13 Sept., 1692. 



I 



I 



AncESTsr. — Of all the affections of man, those which connect him 
with ancestry are among the most natural and generous. They en- 
large the aphere of his interesta, maltiply hia motives to virtue, and 
give iuteDsity to his sense of duty to generations to come, by the 
petcepttoD of obligatioQ to those which are put. — Ho*. Jonah Qiuwjf. j 



I 



BRIEF MEMOIRS AND NOTICES OF PRINCE'S SUBSCRIBERS. 
Continued from vol. xvi, p. 166. 

Patteshall, Richard, B. A., was the eon of Robert Patteahall b; 
hiB wiTo Jane Greerileaf, whom lie married Sept. 16, 1808. This 
Robert was the son of Richard P. of Boston, by his wife Martha, 
-who died April 21, 1713, aged about 61; and if so was bora March 26, 
1685, accni'ding to Savage. Robort and Jane P. had Martha, born 
Sept. 7, ni2; Richaro, July 15, 17U; Martha, March 20, 1715-6; 
Mary, Dec. 24, 1720; Robert, Nov, 8, 1722; Samuel, Oct. 13, 1724; 
Elizabeth, March 24, 1725-6; Frances, Jnly 22, 1727. Jane the 
mother of these, died Atig. 21, 1727, a^ed 40. 

Of Richard, I learn from the Boston News Letter, for Thursday, Sept. 
1, 1768, that, "Thursday last {i. t. Aug. 24), died here Mr. Richard 
Patershall. iu the &3d year of bia age. He was educated at Harvard 
College, commenced Bachelor of Arts in the year 1735, and M. A, in 
1738. After which he preached occasionally, but chiefly employed 
himself in the Instruction of Youth. His Death was very sadden, 
having dined with a Gentleman in Town, on his return home about 
three o'clock he was seized with a Fit, spoke a few Words, and died 
in a Minute. His Remains were very decently interred the Day fol- 
lowing." 

His widow Ann administered on his estate, which was valued at 
£259. The inventory, which terms him a schoolmaster, mentions a 
part of the mansion house of the late Robert P., no doubt his father. 

A Robert Patteshall was published with Margaret Giddings, Bee. 
34, 1730. w. &. w. 

Adaks, Samuel, Esq. He was of Boston, and the father of Samuel 
Adams, usually denominated "The Patriot;" governor of Massa- 
chusetts, signer of the Declaration of Independence, &c. He was a 
son of Capt. John Adams of Boston, by Hannah, daughter of Anthony 
Checkley, Esq., born May 6, 1689; married Mary, only daughter of 
Richard Fylield of Boston. As the pedigree of Adams has been be 
fore published in the JUgiiltr, it will be necessary here only to refer 
to those volumes, and to an extensive tabular pedigree contained in 
the folio History and AnliqaitUi of Boston, for all that can be desired 
on that head. See Reg. ni (1853), p. 39-45; also, n, 350-1. 

Bbisley, Francis, Esq. As a very good account of the Brinleys is 
to be found in Bridgman's MemoriaU of tht Dead in Botlon, 1 will only 
copy 80 much as refers to the subscribers. 

Frakcis, the subscriber, was the only son of Thomas Briniey of 
Newport, who lived to be married, and wos born in London, in 1690. 
His grand parents were Francis and Hannah (Carr) Briniey of New- 
port, and his gr. grand-father was Thomas Briniey, Esq., of Datchel, 
'"^ jBucks. He lived in Roxbury, and married Deborah, daughter of 



338 



Prince's Subscribers. 



p-M 



I 

I 



Edward aod Catlierine (Byficid) Ljde. Hie issue is recorded ; 
Bridgmaii's book. Hia auut Grieeldu Brinley married Nalliuniel Syl- 
yester, and probably a sister or couaiu, uot recorded by Savage, 
married Edward LyUe (liis falher-iu-law), as third wife. His nncle 
William was a witriesa. w. H. w. 

Llotd, Hbnrt, merchant. Tlie founder of this faniity was Jamea 
Lloyd of Newport, who is said byBridgman {Kings Chapel EpUapkt, 
p. 275), to littve been of a Some rsetBh ire family, and at p. 386 bo 
gives an engraving of tlie family urmB, 

This James Lloyd married Ist Griselda, daughter of Natbaniel 
Sylvoater. aod 2d, 3 Nov, 1691, Rebecca, daughter of Gov. John 
Leverelt. 

Hia widow was appointed, 33 Jaui, 1699, guardian of llioir daiigb> 
ter Rebecca, then aged about 6. He had two eons, Henry and Joseph, 
as 16 Dec., 1705, Henry Lloyd, then aged about 20, appointed hi^ 
friend Edward Lyde bis guardian, and four days later Joseph Kp- 
pointed his friend Walter Newberry, guardian. But by his will of 
10 April, 1684, he mentioned his wife Grizzel; brother, Jostph Uoyd,- 
sun James, daughter Grizzele, and " whatever other child or childrea 
it shall please God to give me." The executors were " undo Francis 
Brinley and Mr. John Nelson. Witnesaee, William Brinley, Rachel 
Balaton and Elizabeth Prudden. He bad land on Long Island, near 
the town of Oyster Bay, called Horse Neck, and a meadow on tb« 
eontb side of L. 1., called Fort Neck. 

Llotd, Hekrt, the subscribeT, was of Queens co., Long Island^ 
married 23 Nov., 1708, Rebecca, dangbter of John and Catherioe 
(Tailer) Nelson, and bad two children, as recorded in my account of 
the Temple and Bowdoiu families (Boston, 1856], 

There seems to be some ground for presuming a connection be- 
tween tbese Lloyda and the family I mention nest — the Lydes. 

Edward Lyde, Jr., was a mercbant in Boston, was attorney 2 Jan. 
1695-6, for Abraham De Peyster of New York, and as wc have seen, 
was guardian of Henry Lloyd, in 1705. Again Francis Brinley, owa 
cousin of James Lloyd, married a daughter of this Edward Lyde, 
and Lyde married a Brinley also. Aa James had a brother Joseph, 
an well aa a son Joseph, not recorded by Savage, it is evident that 
they may have bad a common origin in England. 

There were other Lloyds in this part of the slate. Savage records 
Edward of Charleslown who bad son Edward and three daughters. 

He was no doubt the mariner, whose will of 1 Oct., 1703, makes 
daughters Hannah and Elizabeth, executors, revoking a prevjona 
will appointing his wife, Mary, executor. She was probably Mary 
Smith, whom be married 25 April, 1702. 

Edward Lyde, or Loyd, perhaps his son by wife Elizabeth, bad 
Catherine, born 1 April, 1717; Anna, born 22 July, 1719; Edward,, 
born 29 Dec, 1726, died 27 Feb., 1737. Elizabeth, daughter of Ed- 
ward, Sr., aged abont 15, chose her uncle Samuel Griffin of Charles> 
town, guardian, 13 March, 1703-4. 

A Benjamin Loyd married Mary Dinsdell, 17 Jan., 16S9. and Tho's, 



I 



1863.] Prince's Subscribers. 239 

and Anne Loyd had Anne, born 17 Oct., 1713. A Thomas Loyd 
married Isabell Ajres, 16 Aug., 1724. w. h. w. 

Ltdb, Btfibld, Esq. (for two), Edward Lyde (or Loyd, as the 
name was often spelt), married 4 Dec, 1660, Mary, daughter of Rev. 
John Wheelwright, and died before 1663. 

His widow married Oct., 1667, Theodore Atkinson. He seems to 
have had but one son, as Savage records, viz: 

Edward, who married Ist, 29 Nov., 1694, Susanna Curwen, who 
died probably s, p,, and he wa« appointed executor, 9 Sept., 1699; 
9d, Deborah, daughter of Hon. Nathaniel Byfield, 22 Oct, 1696, and 
had: 1, Deborah, born 14 Sept. 1698; married Francis Briuley, 13 
April, 1718; 2, Mary, born 31 July, 1701; married George Gradock; 
3, Byfield, born 27 March, 1704; 4, Sarah, born 15 Feb., 1705. He 
niarried 3d, 6 Jan., 1709, Catherine Brinlcy, who survived him, and 
is mentioned in his will of Jan. 12, 1722, with his son and two 
Bons-in-law. His house and land in Wing's Lane was valued at 
iSl,200. 

Ltds, Btfield, the subscriber, was of H. C, 1728, married Sarah 
fielcher, 17 Aug., 1727, and had: 1, Sarah, born 3 May, 1728; 2, De- 
borah, born 9 Feb., 1730; married David Jeffries (see Reg. xv, p. 16); 
3, Sarah, born 23 May, 1732; 4, Elizabeth, born 6 May, 1734; 6, 
Nathaniel, born 16 May, 1735. He was a Loyalist, went to Halifax, 
and died there, 1776. w. h. w. 

BouBN, Hon. Melatiah, Esq., of Sandwich. He was son of Shear- 
jashnb Bourn (by his wife Bathsheba, probably daughter of James 
Skiff, as Savage says), who died 7 March, 1719, aged 75, son of 
Richard of Lynn and Sandwich. 

The family was from the first generation interested in the Indian 
settlement at Marshpee, and I would refer for details to Freeman's 
IRstory of Cape Cod^ and in Savage's Dictionary for particulars which 
need not be repeated here. Descendants are numerous and comprise 
many persons of note and influence. 

Bourn, Rev. Mr. Shearjashtb of ScUuate, He was son of the pre- 
ceding Melatiah Bourn of Sandwich, by his first wife. Desire Ohipman, 
and was born 21 Dec, 1699. Of his descent from Richard Bourn, and 
the names of his relatives, see Freeman. He was of H. C, 1720, and 
ordained at Scituate, 3 Dec, 1724. He married 1st, Abigail, daugh- 
ter of Rev. Roland Cotton, in 1725, who died in 1732; 2d, 12 Feb., 
1736, Sarah, daughter of Samuel Brooks of Medford, who died in 
1742; 3d, in 1750, Deborah, daughter of Samuel Barker; and 4th, in 
1757, Joanna Stevens of Roxbury, as Deane records {Hist, Scituate, 
186-7). He died in Roxbury, 14 Aug., 1768, and his character is 
thus described on his tomb-stone: 

" Cautious himself, he others ne'er deceived, 
Lived as he taught, and taught as he beieived." 

Bourn, Rev. Mr. Joseph of Sandwich, was cousin of the preceding, 
being the son of Hon. Ezra Bourn, Ch. J., C. C. P., by his wife Mar- 
tha, daughter of Samuel Prince, and half-sister of the Annalist. He 



Soidhtrorfh Pedigree, 



[j=ij; 






waa born 10 May, ITOl, H. C. 1122, and died 1761, leaving a widow 
but no issue, aays Freeman. 

Hia Hieter Martha married 4 June, 1131, Benjamin L'hommedien. 

w. H. w. 

RiCB, Mr. Phihfas, was born 24 Ang., 1682, and wae eon of Joseph 
Rice, and died Sept. i, 1168, at Grafton. Hia pedigree and a brief 
biography will be found at p. 40 of the Rtee Gmialngy, Boaton, 
1858. 

Rick, Mr. Johk of Sudhury, was probably the one recorded at p. 
49 of the same book, and was eon of John and Tabitlia Stone, wbo 
died in 1119. Mr. Ward calls the father, the BubscHber, which is 
clearly an error. John, Sen., was son of Edward Rice and grand 
son of Edmund; whilst Phineas waa aon of Joseph, the son of Ed- 
mund. The record is so full in Mr Ward's excellent genealogy, that 
we content ourBelvea with this reference. w, h. w. 

Reed, Solomon, student at Harvard College, was born 22 Oct., 1119, 
and graduated in 1139. He waa aon of William and Alice (NashJ 
Reed of Abicgton, and grand aon of William and Esther (Thompson) 
Reed, who was son of William Reado of Weymonth. A very good 
account of the family is to be found in the Rttd GtfuaUigy, BostoD, 
1861, p. 358, &c. w. H. w 

Flynt, Henbt, Esq., Fellow of Harvard College. I have only to refer 
to Savage who shows him to have been born c 1615, son of Joaiafa and 
Esther (Willett) Flynt of Dorchester, and grandson of Rev. Henry 
F. of Braintree, who waa born at Matlock, co. Derby. He died on- 
married, 13 Feb., 1160. _ 




SomrwoPTH Pkhoheb, — A correapondent has sent ns a communic^ 
lion in which an attempt ia made to prove that Constant Southworth, 
the stepson of Gov. Bradford, was related to Richard Sears, through 
the family of Knyvett; but, as the Southworth pedigree in Winsor'B 
Hittory of Duxbury, on which our correspondent reliea, is erroneona 
in an essential point, his whole argument falls to the ground. The 
following note from H. G. Somerby, Esq., shows that the New Eng- 
land Southwortha are not descended from the family that intermar- 
ried with the Knyvetta: 

" Sir — In reply to your inquiry respecting the authenticity of the 
pedigree of Southworth, as given in the ItUlory of Duxbury, I beg to 
state that it is a correct copy from the Hrraid'a Visiialion down to 
Henry and Thomas Southworth, who were living in 1623. This was 
furnished by me to a member of the family who, without any author- 
ity, appended the name of Constant Southworth and others of New.. 
England. I have since then traced the American branch 
Southwortha to a remote period in England. No counectron wh»l 
ever is fonod with the family in the pedigree above mentioned.' 

Another error in the pedigree in the History of Duxbury shou 
noticed. The father of Constant Soutliwoith is there called 
Btant; his name was Edward. 



was 
thor- 
New.^ 

rh«^S 
C<^iB 



1863.] GlemingM.^-Jfo. 7. 341 



GLBANINGS.-.N0. 7. 

By W. H. W. 
Conttniied from vol. it, page 332. 

84. 

Thomas Lincoln married Ang. 8, 1689, at Boston, Mehitable Frost. "^ 
This item is interesting as it will ena61e me to correct a mistake 
originating in the Frost genealogy published in the Register, m, 249, 
and perpetuated by Mr. Savage. 

John Frost son of the first l^icholas Frost, is therein said to have 
settled at York, and to have died in 1718. On the contrary, he was 
of Boston, was called captain; married two wives, Mehitable and 
Mary, and left an only son, Charles, with three daughters. The proofs 
are the probate records at Boston, wherein is the appraisal of his 
estate, April, 1687, which mentions his house and lands in Blot's lane 
wortlk iS200, land in Kittery owned in partnership with Charles Frost 
and Joseph Hammond, and also mentions " his brother Major Charles 
Frosf Thomas Lincoln, husband of Mehitable, Elizabeth and Mary O 

Frost and widow Mary sign inventory 1687, and the final division in ^ ^ 
April 1697, mentions also only son Charles. 

I find that John and Mehitable Frost had John bom Jan. 9, 1669, 
M^itable, July 15, 1671; Elizabeth, July 13, 1677; John and Mary, 
his second wife, had John born May 16, 1681; Charles, Dec. 26, 1688; 
Mary, July 22, 1684; and the father probably died early in 1687. 

Having shown this much, will not our Kittery friends try to trace 
his marriages, and find out also who John of Star Island may be? 



35. 

Of Thomas Linooln who married Mehitable Frost, I find that he 
was a tailor of Boston, and in 1683 Oeorge Ripley sold him lands. In 
1686, he and his wife Mary mortgaged these lands to Mr. John Rich- 
ards. He married, as we have seen, Mehitable Frost, Aug. 8, 1689, 
and bad Mehitable born Jan. 25, 1691; Mary, March 16, 1693; Martha, 
July 18, 1695; Thomas, Nov. 12, 1697. 

In 1698, he again mortgaged his land to Mr. Joseph Rogers, and 
the expression used, " Mehitable his now wife,'' is the strongest con- 
firmation, if any were needed, that he had a previous wife Mary. 
His son Charles Lincoln, tailor, administered on the estate April 15, 
1728, but mentions no property except the house and land. 

As to the relationship with other Lincolns it is hard to decide. There 
were four Thomas Lincolns at Hingham, respectively known as 1st, 
the weaver; 2d, the miller; 3d, the cooper; 4th, the husbandman. 
The first left no sons; the second had a son Thomas^ of Taunton, who 
married 1661 and had Thomas,^ 1656, but this last married Susanna 
Smith in 1689. The third had a Thomas' who married 1663 Mary 
Cbabbuck, and his wife died 1690 without issue. The fourth had 
son Thomas,' bom }652, who married IW6 8m^ lie wis. Tbat^^^k 



242 Gleanings.— JVo. 7. [Joi 

no ciiance for our Thotnaa Lincoln there. No other Lincoln had 1 
son Thomas whose age would come williin the limits, niilees it ht 
Ssmnel of Hingliam, who bad Mordecai, 1S5T, and Titomas, 16G4. It 
seems improbable that this can bo our Thomas who was buyiog land 
in 1683, when he would be only 19 years old; jot I must ackoow- j 
ledge that this Mordecai Liucoln aigued as witness to a deed of a 
Thomas in 1698, Here we must letive it for tlic present, only not!i 
ing; that Mordecai was of Hull, a blacksmith in 1685. 



Br 01 
JiniT- 

"I 



Martha Lincoln of Boston, and Joseph Hcdbok of Hinghara, wi 
published July 5, 1711, and married the 30th of the same month by 
Samuel Lyiide, Esq. This was unquestionably the daugliter of 
Thomas L., and affords a new link in the connection with the Einj 
ham families. Their children were Martha, born Oct.14, 1718; Joi 
who died Dec. 19, 1719; TLomaa boru January, I721j John born 
22, 1722. 

37. 

William Abdei.l. — Savage says only that he was of Boston. 1687, 
and removed to Portsmouth, In that year he seems to have bought 
land of \Vm, Gilbert of Boston, and the deed recorded, Suffolk Dredi, 
IV. 153, mentions wife Mary. She is no doubt the Mrs, Mary Ardell 
living "at her house in the Town Dock, over against Mr. Thomas 
Clark," mentioned in Job Lane's letter of June 19, 1695. {Regisler, 
XI. 234,) If BO, her sister was Mrs, Frances Thompeou, On inspec- 
tiou of Suffolk Dealt, sii. 337; xin, 99; siv. 36, 119, we learn that 
William Ardell married Mary, widdw of Joseph Sanderson (or Saun- 
deraon as Savage spells it), whci'waa eon of Kobert S., Sr, and whohad 
two children Mary and Abiuh Sanderson. The first trust deed is dated 
Dec. 31, 1681, when Ardell was about to marry tlie widow, and made 
an arrangement of the property for the children by the first marriage. 
Feb. 19, 1683, Robert Sanoderson and wife Elizabeth gave laud to 
the Ardells, and tliis deed gives the genealogical information. The 
terms of the trust were altered by a deed of the same date, recorded 
in 1681, and a deed of William Gilbert to Ardell is recorded 1691. 
The Sanderson property was near the Town Dock, and cnnsistcd of 
three houses, one occupied by Ardell and another by Thaddeus Mac- 
karty, to whom, by the way. Ardell sold Aug. 18, 1686, his ketch. 
the " Rose " of 45 tons, tJapt. Nicholas Baker, then on a voyage to 
Barbados, and one half his pink the "Blossom" of 70 tona, Capt. ' 
John Becfc, then on a voyage to Holland. ^ 



DiXT, John of Swansea, Plymouth oo., N. E., a mariner, had lefO 
danghter Sarah, who was in Dec, 1691, the wife of Thomas Owt|j| 
of Boston, mariner. The estate was settled by James Lloyd i 
attorney for James Brown. This Gwinn, ' _ " 
Thomaa G., who married Elizabeth, daugliter of Benj. Gillam, 




1863.] Gleanings.— JVb. 7. 243 

James Brown was probably the Rev. J. B. of Swansey. Lloyd was 
remotely connected by marriage, as his brother-in-law, Giles Syl- 
vester, married the widow of Benj. Gillam, jr. 



39. 

The recently published Genealogy of the Wetmore Family needs a 
slight correction of one or two points. As to the origin of the name 
and of the English families, Mr. Wetmore (p. 9), differs from my 
opinion, as expressed in an article in the Register^ x. 

The Shropshire family takes its name from a manor of Whytte- 
mere in Bobbington, just on the boundaries of Staffordshire and 
Shropshire. The village of Whitmore, co., Stafford, whtere the 
Mainwaring family hall is, most certainly is a distinct place, and 
the estate came to them by marriage with the heiress of the Boghey 
family. My article above cited shows, that while the Whitmores of 
Apley are traceable to a certain William de Whyttemere living at 
Bobbington, 1255, and the Cheshire Whitmores, to a Robert de Whit- 
more of £hester, 1304, the Whitmore village belonged to different 
families, as the Verdons and Oresleys, and probably gave a name to 
a distinct family, as mentioned by Erdeswicke. I agree with Mr. 
Wetmore that his ancestor, Thomas Whitmore, was probably but 
distantly related, if at all, to Francis Whitmore of Cambridge. 
The name occurs in sixteen counties in England, at or about the date 
of the settlement of this country. 



40. 

As I have some reason to think my mention in my ffurndbook of 
some errors in Cothren's History of Ancient Woodbury has been mis- 
understood, I feel bound to explain my meaning. I took objection to 
the English ancestry assigned to several families, and these 1 will 
specify: The Cochrane pedigree, p. 521, makes the assertion that 
" from the first Earl of Dundonald are descended all of the name in 
this country .'' Leaving out the Cothren episode, as too nearly con- 
nected with the author for criticism, I would leave the above sweep- 
ing assertion to await farther evidence. The Curtis, Drakely, Hol- 
lister and Linsley families have each prefixed to them an engraved 
coatof-arms of the English family of the name, and no word of evi- 
dence to show any connection with those llnglish families. As to 
Lambert genealogy, I may quote Savage's published opinion: " Much 
idle tradition and wild genealogy accomp^^uies the introduction of 
this name in Cothren, 607." The Lambards, Lamberts and Lombards 
are distinct families, even in England, though we read in the 
history, in italics, ** from him (Hugh, son of Rodolph de Lambert), 
are descended all of the name in Englamd and North AmericaJ' 

The Martin, Stiles, Sherman, Thompson and Trowbridge genealo- 
gies are accompanied by coats-of-arms and no authorities. 

1 did not intend in my notice to detract from the praise due to Mr. 
Cothren for the valuable results of his owq researches «^ \j^ Nj^^ 



r 



Gleanings. — Jfa. 7. 




244 



American portion of hia genealogies. I have 
because I preeurae them to be correct; but I did intend to take ex- 
ceptiou to the plan of introduciiig quotations from Kut^lish booke sod 
engravings of co&ls-of-arras, in snch a manner as to be apt to mis- 
lead all but genealogists. Mr. Gotbren is far from being alone ta 
this course, which seems to me more productive of evil than good: 
many of our town bistories and even the pages of the Rtgister ar 
witaesses that lie ia only one of many. I have cited his work onl^ 
to justify my criticism and to eipresa my belief of the correctDfloa 
the portion uf the book for which be ia solely responsible. 



41. 



I am indebted to J. Wingate Thornton, Esq., for the followint, 
particnlara concerning the probable ancestry of one of the moat 
noted of onr early settlers, Thomas Willett, He came from LeydeD 
about 1629 with Allerton, "as his fellow (in some sorte) and not 
merely as a servanle," aaya Bradford; was a freeman in Plymouth, 
1633; m. 6 Jnly, 1636, Mary, dan. of John Brown, and had a large 
family, as recorded by Savage. He was mayor of New York, bat 
returned to Swansey; m. for second w. Joanna (Boys), widow of 
Rev. Peter Prudden, and d. 4 Aug., 1614, " in ye 64th year of bis 
age,"- as appears by his gravestone at Bullock's Cove in Seekonk, as 
copied in Bliss's AitUhoro\ p. §73, 

This inscription represents him as born in 1611, but conaidertnf 
the great error made in the inscription on his wife's tombstone, we 
need not accept this as certain. 

Mr. Thornton wrote some time since to the Rev. Mr. Oordon, rector' 
of Barley, near Royston, co. Leicester (a place of which Rev, An* 
drew Willett was rector in 1S89), and received from him copiea of 
the entries concerning tlie name uu tbe records of that pariah. This 
Andrew was sou of Thomas Willett, canon of Ely, rector of Thor- 
caston, CO. Leicester, and vicar of Barley, and was born at Ely in 
1562. He held several livings, was chaplain to Henry, Prince of 
Wales, and published several treatises. From tbe preface of his 
Synoptis Pnpismi, published by his son-in-law. Dr. Peter Smith, it 
seems ho had " eleven sons and seven daughters, whereof nine eons 
and four daughters rcm&ine to this day" (1634). At f. 19 it is 
also said that one who was a " Separatist " of "affinitic with Dr. 
Willett, and who was more than once at Amsterdam," was a fre- 
quent and familiar inmate of Dr. Willett'a family. It seems also 
that Dr. W, was for some time in custody for his opposition to the 
Spanish Hatch. If his sympathies were with the Separatists, we 
should not be surprised to find one of his sons joining the new colonj 
at Plymouth; tbe only discrepancy being that Thomas, son of Andrew 
was four years older than the above inscription would make 
tier; a fact which leaves this afBliation still extremely probable. 

The extracts from the parish register are as follows: 

" 1601. June — The 14 of this month was baptized Slizabel 
daughter of Ur. Andrew Willett & JacotoiDa bis wife. 



I 

Mt ^ 




atists, we 
ew coloDj 
if Andrew h 
:e onr aet-^l 
bable. fl 



1 



Crane Pedigret. 

" ie03. The 15th day of Aus"st waa baptized Tliomaa Willett tho 
Bonne of Andrew Willett and Jacobii.a his wife. 

" 1605. Tlwrnaa Willett. filiua Andrea Willett, RL-ctoris, August 29, 
1605. 

" 1609. Robert Willett, y< aonne of Andrew Willett and Jacob- 
iQC hJH wife. 

"1610. Matlliew Wyllelt, Iho Bfinne of Mr. Andrew Wylett, doc- 
tor, was ehristenud the thirty (if September. 

" 1611 Rebecca Willett, filia Andrea Willett et Jacubiiise, Janu- 
ary 39, 

'■ 1614. Jacobaa Willett, 6liu8 Andrea Willelt. May 5. 
1615. Chriatianua Willett aonne of Mr. Andrew Willett and Ja- 
liue bis wife, Auguet 23. 

Stpulti. 
1604. Thomas Willett, Glius Andrera Willett ffebrnarii 29. 
1608. Bebekah, the daughter of m&isler Audrew Willett buried 
March 8. 

" 1621. Dr. Andrew Willett, Doctor of Divinity and Prebend of 
Ely and Rector of this Parish church by the apace of 23 years, died 
at Hodiidcn and was buried in the parish church Deceiiilier 8. 

" 1624, Elizabeth Wylett tho daughter of Doctor Willett deaeaBed 
was buried 4 July. 

"1631, Mrs, Jacobiue Willett, widdow, aometime wife to Doctor 
Willett deceaaed, was buried July 11. 

" 1666. Robert Wiliett was buried 17 January," 

Measre. A. iSn H. Cooper, who are preparing an Athena Caiitabrigi- 
entis, intend to notice these Willetta more fully; they note that of 
the children, Andrew was vicar of Heed, and Paul was M. A, 1621, 
and in 1631 had license to publish a work by hie father. 

Onr readers will certainly join in our pleasure in recording Mr, 
Oordon'a kindness iu torwarding these interesting notes uu this aub- 
jeot. 



UKE Pkdiorbk, — On page 50 of the January No. is quoted from 
handler a pedigree of Crane, which contains a aerioua mistake. Sir 
Robert Crane of Chilton, in Suffolk (No, 4), died iu 1643, leaving 
only daughters, when bis baronetcy became extinct. Robert Crane 
of Coxhall, iu Essex, if any relation at all of Sir Robert, was cer- 
taiuly a very distant one. The dates also render it impoaaible that 
be could be a aon. Such a blunder as this, if made by Candler, 
ought to d:miniali conHdunce in liim, as an accurate and trustworthy 
genealogist. It may, however, be wholly an error of tho copyist. 
Boston, January, 1863. «. s. a, 

[The pedigree as given on page 50, is evidently incorrect, but 
perhaps the errors arise from misunderstanding Candler's joltings. 
The Dumerala 1, 2, &c., to indicate geueratioue, it will be seen, are 
added by Mr. Chester.— Ed.] 

n 




^ 
^ 

^ 



[Communicilsd hy John Oilhart Sbea, LL. D., ot Nenr York.] 

Soma years since Mr. Greenhow read a paper before the New Yorl 
HiBtorical Society to show that F^iieton, the great Archbisbop of 
Canibray, had been a missionary in Canada, and not unlikely in New 
York. That a F6nelon labored in Canada was certain, and the Hol- 
land Hennepins asserted him to be the Archbishop of Cambray. Tho 
point was one of interest, and all were pleased with the idea that k 
man so universally revered had ever labored in onr conntry, As tho 
matter has been revived in the Hiiloricai atui Gftnealogieal Skitter 
(xvi, 344), Mr. Bradlee will, I think, thank me for a few data which 
will give students certainty in the matter, and which are needed tbe^ 
more, as the New York Historical Society, no longer publishing thai 
proceedings, have no way of counteracting their error. 

Tha authority of the Dutch Hennepins Is extremely little. They 
have all the appearance of works doctored up by some literary 
quack; and I trust, proof will yet exonerate Hennepin from all re- 
sponsibility for them. Mr. Sparks ably exposed the fraudulent inser- 
tion of a voyage to the mouth of the Mississippi ; and the accusations 
it coDtaios agaiuBt Hconepio's superiors, against Mcmbrf, and htl, 
other associates, against La Salle, Joliet and others, make it very' 
suspicious. Had we no authority but this, the case would be very 
doubtful, but as wo have material in abundance it is worth while to 
examine it. Yet this unreliable work is the only authority for the 
identity between the Missionary and the Archbishop, and the abua- 
dant material accessible shows this to be only another instance of 
its reckless assertion. The fact really is that the author of TtU- 
ma^ut and the Missionary in Canada were two different piersonfl, 
having, strangely enough, the same name, and yet half brothers. 
The only diEfereuce apparent is in the signature, as we shall notice 
hereafter. 

They were both sons of Pons de Salignac, Marquis do la Moths 
F6uelon, the family taking their name from the estate Satagnac, two 
leagues from Sarlat in Perigord, and the family seem to have used' 
the two forms Salignac and SaJagnac indifferently in their signatarM< 
at different times, as will be seen in the genealogical details of tht: 
family given in Cardinal Bansset's Hittoire de Findon. 

The Marquis de la Mothe F^nel-in married Feb, 20, 162S, IsabelU 
d'Esparbes de Lussan, daughter of the MaiSelial d'Aubeterre, and 
after her death, married Oct. 1, 1647, Louise de la Cropte de St. Abre, 
daughter of the Marquis de St. Abre. 

Frarigoi^do Satagnac de F£nc1nn,the Missionary in Canada, wrote 
his name Sulngnao, as may be sren by the fac-simile of his signature 
in Shea's Hitlory nf the C'alAoJu iUuit^f, New York, IS54. He wu 
one of eleven children of the Marquia by his first wife, aud wu 



lich 

hey^ 
7 

B- 

r- 

'I 

I 



1863.] Fendon, ^rchbithop of Cambray. 247 

horn in 1641. Havinp received minor nrdura lie entered tlio Seminary 
of St. Sulpice at Paris in October, 1665, and wishing to devote liim- 
seir to the missions was sent to Canada by M. de Bretonvilliers in 
1667. He arrived at Quebec, June 27, 1667 {Journal of the Jtiuit 
Stiperior), was ordained subdeacon by Bislmp I.aval in the Catliedral 
of Quebec, Aup. 1. 1687. deacon June 10, and priest June 11, 1668 
{Bdgisirt dt CEveche de Qittbtc). On the I5th September in the same 
year he was ordered to proceed to Quinifi or Kent^ Bay on Lake 
Ontario, to found witli Claude Trouve a misHion oraong some Cayn- 
gas who had crossed tbe lake and settled there. Mother Mary of 
the Incarnation in unti of her letters remarks the humility of F^nelon, 
who was thus placed under one his Junior in years [JLellres, p. 652). 
He set ont Oct. 2 with the chief of the Iroquois of Kenlfi, and reached 
his destination on the 28lli (Rtlationda Jau,it>,lGG8,ch.v.). In 1670, 
he returned to France ( Vie de MuTgueTile Bourgcoys, i, 212), but was 
soon a^ain in Canada, as we find him again at Fort Frontenac in 1673 
(if. Y. Colomai Docamenli, rx, 112). He was then in favor with 
Frontenac, and having formed an establishment for the education of 
Indian children in Montreal Island, above Lachinc, at a spot tben 
called Genlilly &nA later La, Presentation, Frontenac granted him on 
the 9th of January. 1673, three little islands called dt Coiiralk, near 
Genlilly, on one of which M. de Ffnelon expended ,a considerable 
amount in improvements. 

The next year difficullies occurred between the governor of Mont- 
real and Frontenac, and La Salle having reported to the latter that 
M. de F^nelon had in his Easter sermon in tbe parish cburcb of 
Montreal used expressions insulting to Frontenac, the latter cited M. 
de Ffinelon before the Council of Quebec, The Missionary refused, 
however, to acknowledge its jurisdiction and was for a time ini' 
prisoned (Oarneau, Hisloirtdv, Canada, i, 216-8). He was released 
and sent back to France in the latter part of the same year, and 
according to the genealogy of the family died in 1679. 

Francis de Salignac de FSuelon, son of Pons by his second wife, 
and the second of lier three children, was born August 6, 1651, and 
when his brother went to Canada and was ordained at Quebec, was 
consequently not seventeen years of age, and ci'uld not have been 
the F^nelou older than TrouviS; and though Cardinal Baueset in the 
first edition of his HUtoire de Fetielan spoke of his desire to go to 
Canada in 1667, he cited only the Register of the Sulpicinns which 
that year mentions tbe departure of his brother, and was evidently 
misled by llio identity of name, as later editions omit the statement. 
The younger brother was never a Sulpitian; was ordained in France 
in 1675, at tbe age of 24, and became subsequently Archbishop of 
Cambray. A comparison of the autographs of the two would be a 
alight additional evidence, and one easily made. 

For the information as to the Missionary I am indebted to the 
published works and to a most interesting letter of Mr. Faillon of 
Saint Sulpice. whose historical labors have thrown so much light on 
the history of the city of Montreal and on the religions institutioDS 
Vbicb have grown up there under the shadow of St. Sulpice. 



im- 






"S gn -^ -i|=^*S 



I 
*;1 



af oJ bB a.S.,A:s:a »^ 








ifiipiiiii 

illlalilllil-JJy 
1 

il 

II 


■mi 

iiii 




T%e Washin^m Family, 



THE WASHINGTON FAMILY. 
ICnnimaDlaal^d b; Ibaic J. Qbekitrood, Jr., Esq., of Kew York.] 

The precediDg diagram, drawn up from information contained in 
the work of Bishtip Meade, on the Old ChurcMs and Old FamUia of 
Virginia, sug'gcBts the following queries: 

I. Does it not appear from the diagram that John and Lawrence 
Washington, the eniigranta to Virginia, were born at too late a pe- 
riod to be sons of Lawrence and Margaret (Butler) Washington of 
BringtuD, co. Northampton, Eng.; a statement wtiich, set down by 
Baker, in hie pedigree of the family, has been neuall; adhered to f 
Said Lawrence of Brington died in 1616, upwards of 80 yearn of age, 

S. Ib it probable that Lawrence, the emigrant, was a student at 
Oxford in 1622, as ie commonly stated T 

8. Were John and Lawrence, the emigrants, brothers of Sir Wm, 
Washington, knt. of Packiugton, co. Line, who married Ann Villiera 
about 1610, and who was knighted at Thmhald'i. 19 Jan. 1621~2T 
Sir William was aon of Lawrence and Margaret of Brington. 

4. Wore not John and Lawrence Washingtot), the emiffranta, 
rather descendanls of the above Sir William Washington, knt. of 
Packiugton, who had children as fallows: 1. Sir Henry Washinglon, 
knt., I born in 1610 — a colonel under Ohurlea I, and governor, in 1646, 
of Worcester; 2, George; 3, Elizabeth, married Col. William Legge, 
who died 13th Oct., 1672. aged 83; 4, Susanna, married Reginald 
Grabame, brother of Sir Richard Grahame, the first bart. of Netherly. 
Reginald Graharae was of Nunningham or Nunburnham, near Sonlh 
Cave, CO. York, where the emigrants are usually stated to have 
come from. Mrs. Susanna Grahame died a widow, in 1698. More- 
over we find a Henry Washingtob, gent, (of South Cave?), marry- 
ing, Oct. 1, 1689, to Eiianor Harrison, and their daughters, Susanna, 
baptized March 24, 1694-5, and Elizabeth, baptized Jan. 13, 1696-1; 
both names had occurred in Sir William's family. 

5. Would it nut be well, when occasion presents, to examine tho 
wills of John and Lawrence Washington, recorded in Virginia in 
16T1, and determine, if possible, the location of their English estates, 
with the view of more clearly determining their ancestry F 

I might add another query: To whom belonged the small bronze 
mortar, now in Independence Hall, Philadelphia, with the initials 
" C. W." and the date " 1664"? Losaing, in his Mnant Vemim, page 
18, says "Ciraon Washington;" if so, who was he? 

On reading over the recent fictional work, written by the Rev. Mr. 
Simpkinson, entitled Tht Watkingtons, my attention was arrcRted by 
tiiefactof bis making one of the emigrants to have been Sir John 
Washington, knt., a person born probably as early as 1595, and 
knighted in 1623, and whose first wife had not bten burUd tm aptaitta- 
lion in Virginia, but at lalip Church, Co. North., in the year 1634-6. 
Thinking the reverend gentleman unacquainted with the facts con- 



250 The Washingtm Family. 

taitjed in Bishop Meade'e work, I sent liim a 
BBme, together with some conjeclurea uf my i. 
tbe futlowiiig coiirteoua reply: 



[Juir, 



ibort syiiopsiB of the 
fCL, receiving thereto 



"Brington Becloiy, Nortliamptoii, 
July 30, 1862. 

"Dear Sir: Your kind letter of May 9 onght not to have lain 
acknowledged for bo loog. nor would it have been left till now nl 
answered, but from my abaeuce from homot aud many occupation! 
which have taken up my time ttince my return. 

"The facts which you are kind enough to bring before me from 
Bishop Meade's book, are quite new to me, and malerialty alter the 
aspect of the question respecting the emigrant Washington. I haVa 
been too ready to take it for granted that Sir Isaac Heard, Washing- 
ton himself, hia American biographers, and our Northant'e connty his- 
torian, Baker, had between them identified tbe emigrant. And thoDgb 
my own deductions about him could not but raise some euspiciun 
as to his identity, 1 did not presume and certainly was not disposed 
to question what seemed to rust on such high authority. Your state' 
ments, however, have convinced me that the conclusions hitherto ac- 
cepted are extremely questionable. There is an end, of course, to 
my conjecture, that it was John, »on of the emigrant, that married 
Ann Pope) and though the facts cited in the will do not absolutely 
contradict our received theory about the emigrant, and etill make it 
possible that he may have becQ that John Washington, son of Lav* 
rence, whose first wife lies buried at Islip, yet I confess that tba 
improbabilities appear very great. It is very unlikely that two 
brothers emigrating in advanced middle age, should have both mar" 
ricd a second time in America; both have delayed making their wild 
till so late in life, and both have contemplated the likelihood of tfaw 
other surviving, and acting as executor. 

"I am surprised that these wills should not have been fortbcom- 
ing when Sir Isaac Heard was investigating Washington's pedigree, 
and writing to him for such documents as could be found; and still 
more surprised that Mr. Jared Sparks, who takes so much inlerent 
in the subject, should not have known of Bishop Meade's work, 
the light which it throws upon the matter. 

"It would be profitless at present to make a fresh conjectarS', 
about the emigrant. The presumption is atill strongly in favor of 
some member of the Snlgrave line, amongst whom the name of Law« 
rence was hereditary, and who were brought inio prominence ao4', 
importance by the Houae of Stuart. But as the last Washington i^ 
Sulgrave, who lies buried in this church, had eight sons, few of whi 
can be traced at all, a wide field for conjecture ia ieft open, Prubl 
bly, and surely I may almost say urtaivly. the wills you cite woal ^ 
supply more information tlian is given by Bishop Meade. And if j 
when tranquility ia iiappily restored to your country, you have lei- 
sure and inclination to obtain this information, it will give me great 
pleasure to cooperate with you on this side of the Atlantic, in en- 
deavoring to identify the emigrant. 

"About Sir William Washinglou of Packington, we can find but 
little or uotbing. The marriage of his two daugtiters, Susanna and 



i 



1863.1 Americans at the Middle Temple. 

Elizabeth, respectively to Reginald Graham of NunDingham aDd 
George Ld. Dartmoutb (or William hie father f], I also have noticed 
in my book, page 324. You have evidently got some other authoi^ 
ity for these marriages, which I observed accidentally in the MS, 
pedigree of the Grahams of Ilk, which I happened to get hold of 

'' I hope this letter will roach you safely, but you give me no other 
address than New York. Believe me, dear air, with thanks, 

" Your obliged and faithful servant, 

K" Isaac J. Greenwood, Esq., Jr., J. M. Simpkinbos, 

" &c., &a., Ac." 
&t the close of the foregoing letter. Dr. Simpkinson appears to 
doubt whether it was Lord Dartmouth or his father who married 
Elizabeth Washiogtun. I might enter into a lengthy explanation 
how that Lord Dartmouth purchased, about 1684, from his uncle, 
Regioald Grabame, the manor, rectory, &c., of Lewiaham, co. Kent; 
eumce it to say that George, Ld. Dartmouth, born 1648, was the eld- 
est eon of Col. William Legge, an eminent loyalist, by his wife Bli- 
KAbfitb, eldest daughter of Sir William Washington. 

Iew York, Jan. 12, 1863. 
AMERICANS ADMITTED TO THE MIDDLE TEMPLE. 
[Coinmnnio»ted by DogiTio Q. Souebbt, Esq.] 
The following admissions are extracted from the records of the 
Uiddle Temple, London, England: 

1760, Deer. 20, Philip Alexander, Virginia, 2d son of Gerard Alex- 
acdcrof Virginia, Esq. 

1766, March 23, Ludovicus Burwell of Virginia, son & heir appa- 
rent of Lewis Burwell. 

1783, Deer. 3, Carter Braxton, 3d son of Carter Braxton, Virginia, 
Esq. 

" Let Carter Braxton, Bd son of Carter Braxton of the Province of 
Virginia in America, Esquire, be generally admitted of this Society, 
first paying into your hands the sum oF Tliree Pouuda, six shillings 
and eight pence for the same. But you are not to admit into Com- 
mons before he enters into Bond with good and sufficient Security for 
the discharge of his Duties lo the House. Given nndei' my hand this 
Third day of December in the year of our Lord 1783. 

" [Signed] W. Baron. [Treasurer.]" 

1777, Jaiiy. 23, Francis Corbin, 5th son of Hon. Richard Corbin of 
Virginia, Esq. 

1783, 5 Nov., Francis Rash Clark, s. & h. of Francis Rush Clark 
of America, Esq. 

1781, July 4, George French, 2d son of William French of the 
Island of MoTitserrat in America, Esq. 

1776, July 1, William Houston, youngest sOn of Patrick Houston, 
of the Province of Georgia, Baronet, deceased. 



252 



SheTbtame, ^c 



Pdy, 



ma, Dec. 2, John W. Irwin, elctest bod of AnJrew Irwin of Gre- 
nada in America, EBqnire. 

1169, June 2i, Edmund Key, son of Philip Key, of St, Mary, 
ryland, Esq. 

1783, 37 June, John Kelsall, son of Roger Kclaall of FIoridK, 
deceased. 

1771, Jano 5, Daniel Leonard, only son of Epbraiin Leonard 
Mansfield in America, Esq. 

1772, Nov. 27, Ki'an Osborne, a. of Thoa. Osborn of Montaerrat, Esq. 
1762, Jany. 14, William Paca, sou & beii- apparent of Jubn Paca 

of Baltimore. 

1768, Jaly 20, James Lloyd Rogera, b. & h. of Nicliolaa Rogers, 
late of Baltimore, Esq., deceased. 

1783, Deer. 24, Btirwell Starke, eldest aon of Ricbard Starke 
Williamaburgh, Esq. 



Rsq^ 
tea 

trs, 

i 



SHERBURNE— SLO PER— BREWSTER— KNIGHT— LAN GDON- 

LEAR. 
[CDnimnniuated bj Don. Joair Wbbtwoeth, A. M., of Chicago, 111,] 

Tbe follifwing' document is tbe family regiatry of Mrs. Rachel 
Sloper, daughter uf Henry and Rebecca (Gibbons) Sherburne. 

Id a few respects, it coiidicts with Savage, and also witli articles 
in the Megtslfr. 

She says her brother, Samuel Sherburne, married Love Lucretia 
Brewster, 16tb Dec, 1688, and bad William Brewster Sherburne,* 
born 3d Oct., 1669. She died in 1674. 

Now, there waa a Samuel Sherburne married tit same day to Lo" 
daughter of John Hutchins of Haverhill, Masti. He was a captaiaj 
and according to Belknap, killed by the Indians at Maquoit, 4th Ao| 
1891. Hia widow Love, died at Kingston, N. H., 1739, aged 94. 

Now, were there two Samutl Sherburnea who were married on 

same day to ladies each named Love ? How can this be e;. 

plained? Were the two cousins? Has tbe first John a aon Samoelf 

Again: Mra. Sloper aays her aiater, Elizabeth Langdon, had a toti. 
Owner Langdon, bom 30th April, 1664. Tbif corresponds with tbe 
following on tbe Kittery, He., records: 

•' Oner Langdon died Nov. 21, 1737, in 75th year." 

This baa been conatrued to be a mistake, for Mra. Oner Leighto%i 
formerly Langdon; for John Leigbton, the old eheriO* of York CO^I 
Me., married 13th June, 1086, Oner Langdon of Portsmouth, N, H. 

Undoubtedly aome of the correapondents of the JUgislerwlW clear 
tois matter up in due time, and with them I leave it. 

Endoreement. "Copy taken off a parchment that belonged to ituj 
Brewster, 1718, wife of John Brewster in Portsmouth, N. H." 

"Au account of tbe births, marriages and deaths of my father 
my mother and other relatiuus, my huabaud'u birtb and mine, 
time we were married, and birth of our children: 

< TheM drmtilQ obrislinn T»meB l^xl ua to rionbt thu aulhenlintj o( tb» reconi, 
or at least the uorrvclni-as of Uie eop;. We do not remambar lo baTs before mel 
with one in New Hngland, at bo enrlj a date, though atich aitova wure not anoom- 
o tTaooB the Dulob. — En. 



4 

It 



1863.] Shtrbume, fye. 253 

John Brewster waa born June (or Jany.) 20th, 1631; he died aged 
61 yeare. Love Lucretia Brewater was born May 3d, 1636;' she 
died inchildliood in I6U. 

My father, Henry Sherbnrne, and my mother, Rebekah (only 
daaghter of Ambroae OibbinB), were married 13th Nov., 1637; my 
father, Henry Sherburne, died in 1680; of the time of his death we 
were not sensible, it waa so sudden. My mother, Rebekah Sher-, 
burne, died June 8d, 1667, at about noon, and was buried near by 
fonr of her children. My brother, Samuel Sherburne, was born 
August 4th, 1638; he and Elizabeth was twin children. John Sher- 
burne was born April 3d, 1641, and was baptized in Newbury, Oct. 
4lh, 1657. My sialer, Sarah Sherburne, was born Jany. lOlh, 1651, 
and baptized at Hampton by Mr. Cotton. Rebekah Sherbnrn was 
bora April 21st, 1654, but was not baptized; died June 29th, 1696- 
aged 43. Rachel Sherburne was born April 4th, 1656; was not bap, 
tized; she died 28 Deer. 1656. 

My husband, Richard Sloper, was born Nov., 1630; we were mar- 
ried Octr. 2Iat, 1658. 

Sister Martha Sherburne was born Deer, 4th, 1657; ehe died Nov. 
nth, 1658. 

Grandmother Elizabeth Gibbons died May 14th, 1655, My grand- 
father, Ambrose Gibbons, died July 11th, 1656. 

My sister, Elizabeth and Tobias Langdon were married June 10th, 
1656. Their son. Owner Langdon, was born April 30th, 1664. To- 
biaa Langdon died July 27th, 1664, and was buried near by his 
eLildren. My sister, Elizabeth Langdon and Tobias Lear, were 
married .^pril 11th, 1667, Their daughter Elizabeth waa born Feb. 
11th, 1669. 

Ambrose Sherburne was born Aug. 3d, 1649, and was baptized at 
Newbury. Elizabeth Sherburne was born Aug, 4th, 1638, and was 
baptized by Mr. Gibson. Mary Sherburne was born Nov. 20th, 1640, 
and was baptized by Mr. Gibson, Henry Sherburne waa born Jan, 
11th, 1649; he went to sea in 1658, with Solomon Clark, coming 
borne July 10th, 1659, died at sea and was buried in the aea. Rutb 
Sherburne was born Sunday, June 5th, 1660, and married Aaron 
Moees, June 1st, 1676. Samuel Sherburne married Love Lucretia 
Brewster, Deer. 15th, 1668. Their child, William Brewster Sher- 
barne, born Oct. 3d, 1669. 

Ouv children are Bridget Sloper, born Aug. 5tb, 1669. John 
Sloper, born Jan. 13th, 1661. Rebekah Sloper, born Oct. 20th, 1673. 
Mary Sloper, born Feb, Uth, 1663. Martha Sloper, born Deer. 26lh, 
1676. Sarah Sloper, born July 26tb, 1667. Tabitha Sloper, born 
Deer. 17th, 1679. Susanua Sloper, born March 21st, 1669. Richd. 
and Henry, born June 19lh, 1682. Elizabeth Sloper, born June 26th, 
1671. Ambrose Sloper, born Jan. 20th, 1684. 

John Brewster and Mary Knight, daughter of Roger Knight, wore 
married July 6th, 1653. John Brewater died 1692. John Knight 
and our daughter Bridget Sloper were married March 29th, 1684. 
Elizabeth Knight, born Saturday, July 8th, 1685. 

Richard Sloper, my husband, died Oct. 16th, 1716. aged 85. Mra. 
Mary Sloper, wife of Richard, and authoress of the above record, 
died Sept. SSd, 1718, aged 78 years," 



^^^r 199)4 Sudbury Records. 

^^M SUDBURY RECORDS. 
^^B ContiDued from p«ga 1T2. 

^H Joseph, son of John & Elizabeth Rulter born 

^M Hopestill, Bon of William & Mary Brown, " 


::J 

1 May, 165A 
8 July, 1656 
22 July, 1666 

ST Apl. 1656 
T Sept. 1656 
4 Sept. 1666 , 

20 Not. luH 

26 Oct. 1SS4| 

3 Aug. 1656 
13 Aug. 165T 
n Jnue, 1651 
IT Aug. 1657 

22 Sept. 1657 
15 Dec. 1657 
30 Nov. 1657 

19 Sept 166S 
29 Apl. IS^H 

19 Sept. l^fl 

19 Not! I6S« 

1 ST June, 16Sftfl 
29 June, 165S^ 
28 Dec. 1656 
8 Jan. 1656 

23 Sept. 1657 
a. Clerk, 

-th, Recorder. ^1 

8 Feb. 165« 
25 Mar. lO&sfl 


^H Hannah, daughter of Solomon & Eanuah Jobn- 


^^B Joaeph, son of John & Dorothy Haines, " 

^H Mary, daughter of Thomas &. Mary Rice " 

^H Mary, daughter of James & Mary Ross " 

^M Ti.omas, son of Mathew & Mary Gibbs 

^H Mary, daughter of Tboraas & Abigail Plympton, " 
^^f Jonathan, sou of Jonathan & Susannah Stan- 
Elizabeth," daughter ' of' Samnei"&" EilMb^th 
Rice " 


Peter, son of Peter & Elizabeth Noyes, " 

Mary, daughter of John & Mary Maynard, Juo., " 

Elizabeth, daughter of John & Anne Rediat,. . . " 

Abigail, daughter of Henry & Elizabeth Rice, . . " 

^^ Martha, daughter of Mathew & Martha Rice, . . " 

^^L Sarah, daughter of John & Ann Stone " 

^H Hannah, daughter of John & Mary Goodenow, . " 
^V * Abigail, daughter of Josiah & Elizabeth HayncB, " 
I Marriages. 

John Goodenow & Mary Axdell (Axtell), 

James Pendleton & Hannah Goodenow 


John Barrett & Mary Fond 






^L Deali,. 

^H Hogh Griffin dyed 

^H Thomas, eon of Josiah &. Elizabeth Haynes, " 


^m John, son of John & Katherine Toll " 

^H Peter Nyoyes, Deacon of the chh. at Sudbury. " 
^H Rec'd of Ens. Tboraas Noyei 
^H as attests Tbo. Danfoi 
^1 SirlAi. 


^^^ Sarah, daughter of Jonathan & Susanna Staii- 
^B tope, 



1863.] SwSmry Records. 




255 


Elizabeth, daughter of John & Blizabetli WLite, born 10 June 


1658 


Jonathan, son of John & Sarah Grout 


1 Aug. 


1658 


Thomas, son of John & Sarab Smith, .......... 


' 29 July, 
' 24 Oct. 


1658 
1658 


Peler, son of Thomas & Mary Rice, 


Caleb, son of Solomon & Hannah Johnson, .... 


' 31 Oct. 


1658 


Elizabeth, daughter of Peter & Elizabeth Bent, 


2 Dec. 


1658 


Daniel, son of John & Mary How 


' 3 Jan. 


1658 


Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas & Abigail Plymp- 






ton 


' 23 Dec. 

l8 no more,! 


1658 


Belhiah, daughter of— [My copy of Mid. records te 


Elizabeth, daughter of William & Mary Browu, born 23 July, 


1659 


Brian, son of James & Hannah Pendleton, 


• 23 July. 


1659 


Ruth, daughter of Edmund & Mercy Rice, 


' 29 Sept. 


1659 


Mary, daughter of John & Mary Goodenow 


' 19 Oct. 


1659 


Sarah, daughter of Josiab & Elizabeth Haynes, 


' 13 Dec. 


1659 


David, son of Henry & Elizabeth Rice 


• 27 Dec. 

' 14 Feb. 


1659 
1659 


Deborah, daughter of Mathew & Martha Rice,. . 


Nathaniel, son of Thomas & Mary Rice 


3 Jan. 


1660 


Thomas, sou of Mathew & Mary Gibba 


' 10 Api. 


1660 


Rebecca, daughter of Joseph & Martha Rice,.. 


6 Apl. 


1660 


Nathaniel, son of John & Ann Stone 


' 11 May, 


1660 


Thomas, son of James & Mary Roas 


' 29 Sept. 


1660 


Hannah, daughter of Joaiah & Elizabeth Haynes, 


" 31 Dec. 


1660 


Hannah, daughter of Edward & Hannah Wright, 


9 Jan. 


1660 


Jamea, son of John & Dorothy Haynes 


" n Mar. 


1661 


Hannah, daughter of John & Hannah Bent, 


■ 6 May, 


1661 


Thomas, son of Thomas & Abigail Plympton, . . 


■' 12 May, 


1661 


Mary, daughter of John & Sarah Grout 


1 Aug. 


1661 




4 Apl. 


1661 


Agnes, daughter of Peter & Elizabeth Bent,. . . . 


•' 19 Aug. 


1661 


John, son of John & Abigail Woodward, 


" 12 Dec. 


1661 


Edmund, son of John & Mary Goodenow 


" Ifi Oct. 


1661 


Ann, daughter of Edward & Ann Rice 


" 19 Nov. 


1661 


Joseph, son of James & Hannah Pendleton 


" 29 Dec. 


1661 


Taroazin, daughter of Henry &. Elizabeth Rice, 


" 2 Feb. 


1661 


Nathaniel, son of Nathaniel & Sarah Lawrence, 


4 Apl. 


1661 


James, son of James & Mary Rosa 


4 Feb. 


1661 


Margaret, daughter of William & Sarah Cheea- 






vers, 


" 4 May 

" 20 Oct. 


1669 
1662 


Dorothy, daughter of Edward & Hannah Wright, 


Sarah, daughter of John & Sarah Lawrence, . . . 


1 Jan. 


1662 


Joseph, son of Jonathan &. Susanna Stanhope, . 


" 13 Sept 


1662 


Sarah, daughter of Thomas & Sarah Rice 


" 15 Jan. 


1662 


Sarah, daughter of John &, Sarah Kettle 


'■ 8 Mar. 


1662 


Rulh. daughter of Mathew and Martha Rice, . . . 


" 2 Apr. 


1662 


Obodiah, son of Richard & Mary Ward 


" 19 Apr. 


1663 


Elizabeth, daughter of Mathew & Martha Rice, 


" 20 May 


1663 


Daniel, eon of John & Dorothy Haynes, 


" 16 May 


1663 


Joseph, son of Joseph & Mary Noyea, 


" 16 Aug 
'• 28 Sept 


1663 


Sarab, daughter of Josiah &. Elizabeth Haynes, 


1663 


John, son of Peter & Elizabeth Bent 


" 8 Jan. 


1663 








^^^^^1 



^^V S56 Sttdburp Records. 


-^ 


^^M Sarab, danghter of John & Marv Goodnow born 26 Feb. Unm 


^H Rebecca, daughter of John & Sarah Allon 


■■ 20 May, HU 


^H Thomas, eon of Thoraaa & Mary Walker 


" 22 May, 1664 


^^m John, son or Samuel & Martha How 


" 24 July, 1664 
" 2a Aug. 1664 


^^H James, son of James & Mary Rose, 


^^H Susanna, dnughter of Johu & Sarah Grout, 


" 22 Sept, 1664 


^H Rachel, daughter of Henry & Elizabeth Rice, . . 


" 10 May, 1664 


^^H Ann, daughter of Thomas & Mary Stevens, 


" 20 Mar. 16ii4 


^^H Dorothy, daughter of Thomas & Abigail Flymp- 




^H ton 


S Oct, ISM 


^^H Dorcas, daughter of Edward & Ann Rice 


■' 29 JuDe, 1664 


^V Sarab, daughter of Edward & Hannah Wright, 


" n Jan. 1664 


^^ Samuel, sou of Thomas & Mary Lawrence, 


" 11 Jan. 1664 


Jamea. son of Joseph & Mary Noyes, 


" 1 Feb, 1664 


Dorothy, daughter of Mathew & Martha Rice, . 


" 14 Feb. 16<4 


Lydia. daughter of Richard & Mary Ward 


" 16 Mar. 1664 


Mary, daughter of Joseph & Mary Bradish, 


" 10 Apl. 1666 


Deborah, daughter of Robert &, Deborah Mace,. 


" 11 May, 1665 


Thomas, son of Thomas & Mary Stevens, 


" 14 Apl. 1665 


^^ Wary, daughter of Edmund &. Margaret Bouker, 


" 15 Apl. 166fi _ 


^^L Jemima, daughter of Jonathan & Susanna Stan- 


M 


^^H hope 


" 24 June, 166« 


^H NathaDieI,8DnofShadrack&Elizabeth Hapgood, 


" 21 Oct. i6«l;V 


^^M Abiel, illegitimate son of Mary Parraenter,: 


" 24 Apl, 1686 ■ 


^H Rachel, daughter of John & Dorothy HuyneH,. . 


" 12 Feb. 1666 


^^M Sarah, danghter of Thomas & Sarah Gleason,. . 


'■ 6 Feb. 1665 


^^m Mary, daughter of Samuel & Martha How, .... 


" 2 May, 1666 


^^H Thomas, son of Jofan & Sarah Allen, .... 


■■ 29 Apl. 1666 


^^H Mary, daughter of Joseph & Mary Noyes, 


" 22 June, 1666 




a July, 1666 


^^H Margaret, daughter of Thomas & Mary Eames, 


8 July, 1666 


^^1 Marriaga. 


1 


^^H John Maynard & Mary Gates, 


5 Apl. 165b1 
i May, 1668 
1 July, 1658 
5 Dec. 1658 


^^M Joseph Rice & Mary or Mercy King 


^^M John Bent & Hannah Stone 


^^M Jamea Ross & Mary Goodenow 


^H Edward Wright & Hannah Epson 


18 June, 1669 


^^1 Nathiiniel Lawrence & Sarah Morse, 


13 Mar. 1660 
8 Sept. 1661 

12 Nov. 1663 
6 June, 1663 


^H Richard Ward & Mary Moore, 


^^H Joseph Noyes & Mary Darvill, 


^H Samuel How & Martha Bent, 


^^1 Daniel Goble &, Hannah Brewer 


25 Feb. 1663 
3 May, 1664 


^^M Samuel Wright & Lydia Moore 


^^1 Joseph Frost & Mary Bradiah 


10 Apl. 1664 
1 Apl. 1664 


^^H Robert Mann & Deborah Draper 


^H Sbadrack Hapgood & Elizabeth Treadanay, . . . 


21 Oct. 1664 


^H Samuel Moss (Morse) & Elizabeth Wood 


10 Feb. 1664 


^^H John Perry & Betbiah Moss, 


23 May, 1665 _ 
16 June, 1666^ 


^^M James Cutler and Lydia Wright 


^H Elijah {Bliai) Kcycs &. Sarab Blauford 



1863.] Sudbury Records. 


257 

12 Sept. 1665 
15 Jan. 1665 

dyed 27 Apl. 1658 
■' 15 June, 1659 
6 Apl. 1060 
" 10 Ang. 1660 
•' 17 Nov. 1660 
■' 14 Jan. 1661 

4 Feb. 1661 
■* 28 Feb. 1661 
" 23 Oct. 1663 
" 21 Feb. 1663 
" 21 Aug. 1664 
" 14 Feb. 1664 
" 11 May, 1665 

5 Jan. 1665 
" 31 Mar. 1666 
" 12 Apl. 1666 
" 15 July, 1666 

Noyes, Clerk. 
h. Danfortb, Rec'd. 

born 16 Nov. 1666 

2 Jan. 1686 

4 Jan. 1666 

" 25 Feb, 1666 

" 23 Apl. 1667 

4 May, 1667 

6 May, 1667 
" 19 May, 1667 
" 20 July, 1667 
*' 19 Aug. 1667 

9 Sept. 1667 

" 2 Nov. 1667 
" 21 Jan. 1667 

" 29 Jan. 1667 
" 12 Feb. 1667 
" 14 Feb. 1667 

7 Apl. 1668 
1 May, 1668 

15 April, 1667 
29 May, 1667 
29 Sept. \m 




Caleb, son of Edward Rice, 

Elizabeth, wife of Walter HayneB, 




Garrett Mickery, Irishman, drowned, 

Abigail Griffin 


Jobn, 8on of Robert Darvill, 


Hester, wife of Robert Darvill 






Samuel Wright, 

Walter Haynea 


Sarab, daughter of John Goodenow, 

Richard Ward being drowned 


John Parraenter, Jnn 

Jane Goodenow, widow, 

Thoma 
Entered by T 

Birlh. 

Eliae, eon of EHaa & Sarah Keyea, 

Mary, daughter of Edward & Hannah Wright, 

Joseph, BOD of Joseph & Mary Garfield 

Jobn, son of Thomas & Mary Stevens, 

Mary, daughter of William & Jane Kerley 

Sarah, daughter of Joseph & Mary Bradish, . , . 

Caleb, son of Josiah & Elizabeth Haynes 

Dorothy, daagbter of James & Mary Rosa, . . , 




Mary, daughter of Shadrack & Elizabeth Hap 


Sarah, daughter of John & Rebecca Grout, . . . 
Mary, daughter of Jonathan & Susanna Stan 


Ester, daughter of Peter & Elizabeth Kcyee, . 
Samuel, eon of Joseph & Elizabeth Graves,... 
Ruth, daughter of John & Dorothy Haynes, . , , 


Marriaga. 









1863.] SiwffiKry Records. 


P 


259 V 


Dtathi. 




1 


Hannah, daughter of Joeiah & Elizabeth Haynes, dyet 


20 Apl, 


1669 1 


Elizabeth, daughter of Edward and Hannah 






Wright, " 


12 May, 


1669 ■ 


Joseph, son of Joseph and Martha Gleason, .... dyed 


30 Apl. 


1669 ■ 


Jane Guy " 


1 Dec. 


1669 ■ 


Marriagt). 




1 


Richard Biirkc & Mary Parmenter, 


24 June 
6 July. 


1670 1 
1670 ■ 


Thomas Gates & Elizabeth fficeman 


Thomas Stevens. 


Clerk. 




Entered by Thomas Danforth, Recorder. ■ 


Birlhi. 






Jamea, of Elijah (Elias)* Sarah Keys bort 


13 Sept. 


1670 


John, son of John & Mary Goodeuow " 


9 Sept. 


1670 


Mary, daughter of John & Elizabeth Parmenter, " 


15 Oct. 


1670 








Da Staiihopi^, " 


29 Oct. 


1670 


Hannah, daughter of William & Jane Kerley, .. " 


8 Jan. 


1670 


Mary, daughter of Henry & Elizabeth Rice " 


1 Jan. 


1670 




15 Jan. 


1670 


Richard, SOD of Richard & Mary Burk (5i.rfa), " 


16 Apl. 


1671 


Ebenezer, son of Benjamin & Mary Brown, .... " 


1 May, 


1671 


David, son of John & Dorothy Haynes, " 


4 May, 


1671 


Elizabeth, daughter of John & Elizabeth Brewer, " 


21 May, 


1671 


Rebecca, daughter of John & Rebecca Grout,.. " 


4 June 


1671 


Joseph, son of Joseph & Lydia Moore " 


1 Aug. 


1671 


Richard, son of Jacob & Elizabeth Moore, " 


12 Sept. 


1671 


Rebecca, daughter of Joseph & Mary Noyea, . . " 


22 Sept. 


1671 


Joseph, son of Joseph & Martha Gleason " 


18 Oct. 


1671 


James, son of Jonathan and Judith Tredaway, " 


26 Oct. 


1671 


Patience, daughter of Thomas & Patience Brown, " 


26 Feb. 


1671 


Patience, daughter of Mathew & Martha Rice, " 


5 Mar. 


1671 


MaTTiogt. 






Joeiah How &, Mary Haynes, 


18 May, 
Clerk. 


1671 


Thomas Stevens, 




Entered by Thomas Danforth, Rec. | 


Births. 




■ 


Abigail, daughter of Edward k Hannah Wright, born 


16 Sept. 


1672 1 


Daniel, sou of Samuel & Marlha How " 


fl Oct. 

16 Nov. 


1672 ■ 
1672 ■ 


Mary, daughter of Jabez h Hannah Brown " 


Richard, sou of Joseph k Elizabeth Graves, ... " 


1 Apl. 


1672 ■ 


Daniel, son of Thomas k Mary Walker, " 


3 Nov. 


1672 ■ 


Isaac, son of Thomas k Deborah Wedge " 


13 Apl. 


1673 ■ 


Elizabeth, daughter of John k Mary Goodman, " 


18 Nov. 


1673 ■ 






■ 


menter, " 


9 Dec. 


1672 ■ 


Jowpb, son of Joseph k Mary Bradish, " 


28 Not. 


1672 ■ 



^ 260 Clark, 




■ 


^^1 Elizabeth, daughter of James & Mary Ross 


' 15 Mar. 


1672 


^^M Hannah, daugliter o( Jobo & Elizabeth Brewer, 


' 22 Mar. 


1673 


^^m Sarah, daughter of Elijah (Elias) &SaruhEeyeB, 


■ 11 Apl. 


1673 


^H Tabitba, daughter of Daniel & Nfary Stone, 


' 4 Hay, 


1673 


^^M John, sou of Jacob & Elizabeth Moore 


' 13 Dec. 


1673 


^^H Uaonah, daughter or Joseph & Lydia Moore, .. 


' 2 Jan. 


1673 


^m Daniel, sou of Thomaa & Mary Walker, bora 10 Feb. 


1673 


^H Elizabeth, daughter of Joseph & Elizabeth Bent, 




1673 


^^1 Jacub, son of Thomas & Mary Steveua 


* 1 Mar, 


167j 


^H John, son of Daniel & Mary Mascroft, 


' 29 Mar. 


167* 


^H Deliverance, daughter of Joseph & Elizabeth 








■ 10 May, 


1674 
1674 


^^M Thoroafl. eon of Thomas & Patience Brown 


^H Deborah, daughter of Thomas & Deborah Wedge, 


' 3 July, 


1674 


^H David, eon of Samuel & Martha How 


2 Nov. 
• 18 Nov. 


1674 
1671 


^H Elizabeth, daughter of John & Rebecca Grout, 


^H Deaths, 






^H Daoiel, son of Thomas Walker 


8 Nov. 
10 Dec. 
27 Sept. 

6 Jan. 


1672 
1672 
1672 
1673 


^^^H John Maynard, ... 


^^H John Bent 


^^H John Moore, , 








^H Richard Ghamberlyn & Elizabeth Jaques, 


30 Mar. 


1672 


^H Samuel Winch &. Hanitnh Gibbs, 


11 Feb. 


1678 


^^H Jonathan Stanhope & Sarah Griffin 


11 May, 
21 July, 

Stevens, Ck 


1674 


^^f Daniel Hudson & Mary Maynard, 


1674 


John Rice & Tabitha Stone 


^ 


Thomu 


|To te contitiiiBd.] 




m 


Note.— Oa the l*th page of Reguttr for 1863 are two marriag^l 


wriiAOTil data. They are here suppliod : 




m 


Eleazer Haywood & Azubab Stevens were married Oct. 23, 


>!>■ 


Philip Brookins & Sarah Keyea 


Nov. 7, 


1 


Clabk. — In looking over the pages of Wood's 


Ath. Oxon., 


I 


among the incorporations of 1652: "June 24, Uenr. Saltonstal, ^| 


Knight's Son, Fellow of New. Coll. by the favor o 


f the Visitors, aoH 


Doct. of Pbys. of Padua, was then incorporated. 


The said defrnH 


be took at Padua in Oct,, 1849." 




^M 


Thia, as is well known, was the graduate r>f 


Harvard ColteaH 


(Cambridge, Mass.) in 1642; but can anyone tell if either of ^89 
two following names was his cousin, Dr. John Clark of Boston f vie: 


John Clerk, Doct. of Pbys. of Padua, incorporated May 14, 1663 


, who 


probably published the Ditpulatio Mediea de IHo vt 


ro, and John Olerk 


of Trin. Coll. created Doct. of Phys., Aug. 2, 1680 


1 have seen ona 




P<4L1 


of the Coll. of Phys. of London. 


-fc. 


J 



1863.] Records of Wdher^d, Conn. 



■I RECORDS OP WETHERSFIELD, CONN. 

^^ [Communlosted by Hou. Eotal B. Hinvah of New Tork.] 

Continoed from vol, xvi, pige 288. 

Diiraot, Jobn ttrjil Margerctt, his wife, were m. Jan. 14, 16T9. Is 

Ebeiiczcr, b. July 22, '81; Eunice, Nov. 12, '82; John. Nov. 30, '86; 
MileH, Jan. 24, '8t, DaDiel, Sept. U. 1688. 

Dix, Samuel nnd Mary liia wife, were m, June 19, 1684. Is.— Sarah, 
b. June 6. 1685. 

Dix, John. Children by Rebecca, hia wife— John, b, Feb. 20, 1686: 
Rebecca, March 17, '87; Leonard, Jan. 27. '89; Elizabeth, April 3, 
1691. Mrs. D., d. Nov. 17, and Mr. D.. Dec. 2, 1711. 

Dix, John and Sarah, the dan. of Johu Widdonie, were ni. Jnnc 9, 
1709. Ifi.— Samuel, b. Feb. 28, '11; John, Aug. 6, '13; Sarah, March 
30, '31; Mo§ea, March 15, '24; Bunjamiu, May 27, '29, and d. Sept. 4, 
1755; Mrs. D., d. Aug. 1, 1741. 

Dix, Leonard and Abigail, dau. of Jacob Gibba of Windsor were 
m. April 15, 1714. Ib.— Abigail, b. Jan. 25, '15; Leonard, May 25, 
'17; Hannah, Nov. 14, '19; Rebecca, April 10, '22; Jeruaha, May 3, 
'24; Jacob. April 14, '27; Charles, Jnly H. 1130" M""- B.. d. Oct. 22, 
'30, and his son Leonard, Sept. 25, 1741. 

Dix, Samuel and Mary Williaran, were m, Feb 7. 1740. Is.— Eliza- 
beth, b. May 16, '41; Sarah, Aug. 2, '42; Leonard, March 3, '44; John. 
Ang. 9, 1745. 

Dix, Moees and Hannah Dickinson, were u. Sept. 1, 1744. Is. — Je- 
rnsha, Nov. 11, '44; Rhode, Aug. 18, '46; John, Sept. 26, '48; Oziaa, 
Dec. 6, '50; Hannah, Dec. 3, 1754. 

Dix, Leonard and Wid. Mary Korba, were m. Sept. 4, 1788. Ib. — ■ 
Leonard, b. June 6, '85; Timo'thy, April 11, '88j John, June 16, 'S9; 
Samuel, Oct, 24, '91; Mariah, May 23, 1794. 

Dix, Elishu and Rosa AudruB, were m. • * * ig. — Charles, b. 
April 12, 1788. 

Danforth, Thomas. Children of, by Elizabeth his wife — Elizabeth, 
b. Aug. 23, 1789; Thomas, Jnly 6, '92; Almira, 1794. 

DncaBBe, John. dau. of, by Mary his wife — Harriet Lavergne, b. 
July 21, 1779. 

Don,Ednjnndund.SarahStilman. werem. Dec. 9. 1750, Is.— Charles, 
b. April 25. '51; Helen, Dec. 1, '52; Sarah, April 9, '64; Edmund, Jan. 
1, 1756- 

Dean, Silas and Mehetabel Webb, were m. Oct. 8, 1763. Is. — Jesse, 
b. June 24, 1764. Mrs. D., d, Oct. 24, 1767. 

Dupre, Simeon, alius Semo and Lucretia Griswdd, were m. April 
26, 1771. 

Dunham, Solomon and Elizabeth Ives, were m. March 2, 1758. Ib. — 
Elizabeth, b. Dec. 3. '58; Warner, Deo. 4, '60; Solomon, Jan. 18, '62; 
EllDhama, Feb. 17. '64; Lucy, March 5, '66; Mary, Oct. 25. '68: Reu- 
ben, Feb. 13, 1773. 

Dwigitt, Natbaoiel and Rebecca, dau. of Applelon Robbine, were 
m. Jane 24. 1798. Is.— John Allen, b. Sept. 10, 1800; George Rob- 




. I em 

31. '75j 



ofWethersfUld, Com. 

bins, Nov. 3, 1802; Theodore Maaon. Dec. 11, 1804; Henry Cecil, 0( 

)«, and A. Sept. 27, 1807; Henry Cecil, Nov. 6. 1807; Nalhanw 
Appletun, June S, 1809, and d. July 25, 1809: Nathaniel Appletoi 
May 23, and A. Aug. 30, 1810. 

""" " of, by Hannah, hia wife. Jesse, b, Oct, I 

if William Merrit, b. July 11, 1785. 
Children of, by R.ibecca. iiia wife— Sarab, 1 
ah, Ang, 15, '45: Mariah, Aug. U, 1646, 
la. of, by Dorothy, hie wife — John, b, Dec. 16i 

Edwards, Thomas, aged about 62 years, d. July 27, 1683. 

Edwards, Joseph and Sarah, his wife, were tn. Nov. II 
la.—aavah, b. Oct. 20, '71; Mary, May 25, '74; Hannah, Nov. 
John, May 30, 1679. J, E., d. 1681. 

Edwards, John and Luce Deming were m. May 15, 1707. Is.— Sara! 
b. Dec. 16, '10; John, Aug. 1, 1715. J. E,, d. Mardi 25, 1716, ag«d 
about 37 years. 

~" irda. John and Rebecca Blin, were m. Feb. 23,1743. Is.— 
Joseph, b. April 4, '43; John, May 5, '45; Lucy. Feb. 26, '47; Sarah, 
March 13, '49; George, April 13, '51; Rebecca, Feb. 13, '33; Marth^ 
March 6, 1756. 

Foote Nathaniel. Is. of, by Elizabeth, hie wife — Nathaniel, b. Ju 

10, 1647; Sam. May I, 1640. 
Foote, Nathaniel. Is. of, by Margaret, his wife— Mary, b. Not. 

24, 1679; Nathaniel, Sept. 9, '82: Ephraim, Feb, II. '85; Josiah, Sept. 
27, '88; Joseph, Dec. 28, '90; Eunice, May 10, 1694. Quarter-Maater^ 
Nathaniel Foote, d. Jan. 12, 1703. 

Francis, Robert. Is. of, by Joan, his wife— John, b. Sept. 4,1668!j 
Abigail, Feb. 14, '60; James, March I, '62. and d. Feb. 14, '64; Sarah» 
Aug. 15, 1664. Mrs. J. P., d. Jan. 29, 1705, and Mr. R. F., Jan. % 
1712. 

Francis, John and Mercy hia wife, were m. Jan. 16, 161 
John, b. Oct. 12, '84; James, Oct. 13, '85; Slberance. Aug. 23, '87[ 
Mary, May 26, '89; Thomas, Feb. 4, '90; Robert, Feb. 13. '92, and d, 
March 25, '95; Abigaile, March 8, '95; Robert, Jan. 29, '97; Joseph, 
Nov, 9, '98; Daniel, Sept. 18, 1700; Hannah, Feb. 5, 1703; Sarah,' 
March 6, 1705; Prudence, Jan. 24, 1708; Mercy. Jan. 24, 1710. 
J. P„ d. Dec. 28, 1711. 

Francis, John, Jr., and Mary Hatch, were m. Dec. 30, 1708. la.— 
John, b. Sept. 28, '10. Mrs. M. P., d. July 15, '18, and Mr. J. F., May 
15, 1738, hut previously had m. Abigail "Stoddard, Feb, 12, 1719. 

Francis, Robert. Is.— of, by Elizabeth, his wife. Samuel, b. Feb.. 
8, 1723; Elizabeth, April 17, '26; Honour, April 13, '28; William, Fob. 

11, '30; Timothy, March 8, 1733. 
Frances, James and Elizabeth his wife, dan. of John Howard, were 

m. Nov. 3, 1713. la.— Anne, b. Aug. 23, '14; Elizabeth, Jau. 18, 
Mary, Feb. 5, 1722. J. F. and Abigail, dau. of Abraham Warroni, 
Sept. 30, 1731. Is.- Elijah, b. Feb. 25, 1733. 

Francis, John and Eunice Dickinson, were m. Oct. 16, 1735. Is.— 
Lydia, b. June 4, '38; Eunice, Aug. 15, '41 ; John, June 28, '44. J. 
F. d. Sep. 19, '49. and Mrs. £. F., May 31, 1770. 



1863.] 



Records of Wethersfield, Corm. 



PrftDCiB, Thamaa and Abigail, Han. of .Tacob Griawold, were m. 
Marcli 9, 1118. le.— Abigail, b. Dec. 1, '18; Josiab, Sept. 18, '22; 
Samuell, Jan.22, '35; Lidia, June 12, '29; Ann, Oct. IS. '33; Hezekiab, 
March 11, '38; Mubel, 1740, 

Francis, Joaifth and Millicent Stoddard, were m. Feb. 26, llit. 
la.— Elias, b. April 30, '48; Justus, Nov. 8, '50; Lucitia, April 7, '53; 
James, Doc. 4, '65; Asn, Nov 8. '57; Allen, Oct. 23, '60; Roger, 
April, 29, 'G3; Sariih, April 6, 1769. 

Prancis, Samuel and Joanna Brigden, wore m, Nov. 27, 1751. 
Is.— SamncI, b. Oct 21, '52; William, Jan. 21. '54; Sarah, Nov. 17, 
'55; Levi, Juno 9, '57; Thomas, April. 11, 1759. 

Francis, Timotliy and Elizabeth Haimitir, were m. March 10, 1763. 
Ib.— Robert, b. April 26, '63; Lucy, March 28, '65; James, May 25, 
'67; David, Juno 18, '72; Honor, Sept. 19, 1774. 

Francis, Hezekiah, Is. of, by Deborah his wife. — Rosewell, b. Dec. 
27. 1762; Hosea, Oct. 13, 1764. 

Francis, John and Rhoda Wright, were m. Sept 20, 1764. Is,— 
Jennet, b. Jan. 13, '65; John, Feb. 22, '67; OUa, Aug. 9, 1769, and 
d. in infancy. 

Francis, JnstUB and Keiurah Andrus, were ro. May 6. 1773. Is. — 
Appleton, b. Aug. 9, '80. Mrs. K. P., d. Aug. 14, 1780. J, F. and 
Mary Beldeii, d. of Rfiv. Joshua, were m. July 3, '83. Is.- KeturaL 
Andrus, b. March 19, 1784, and d. in infancy. 

Francis, James and Pamela Weils, were m. Jan. 31, 1793. Is.- 
Pamela, b. Sept. 14, '93; James Hamner, May 28, '90; ClarisBa, Juno 
29, '98; Walter, March 10, 1801; Maria, Dec. 24, 1801. 

Francis, Simeon and Mary Ann Adams, were m. May 26, 1798. 
Is.— Charles, b. March IS, '94; Simeon, May 8, '96; Mary Ann, Aug. 

9, '98; Calvin, June 12, 1803; Josiah, Jan. 14, 1805; Edwin, Oct. 9, 
1808; Huldiih, May 10, 1810. 

Francis, Robert and Anna Francis, were m. * of May, **. la.— 
Nabby, b. Oct. 20, 1789; Robert, Oct. 24, '91; Anne, Sept. 11, '93, and 
d. in infancy; John, Jan. 31, '95; Anne, Dec. 3, '96; Joseph, March 

10, 1800; Timothy, Oct. 3, 1801; Heman, March 23, 1804; Lydia, 
Nov. 16, 1805; Aaaph, July 20, 1808, R. F,, m. his 2d wife, Lydia 
Demiug, Jan. 14, 1846. 

Francis, Joiin, Jr., and Hnldah Bulklcy, were m. Nov. 8, 1792. 
Is.— Caroline, b. April 21, 1794; Iluldah, Jan. 16. '96; John, July 30, 
■97; James Bulkloy, June 9, '99; William, March 13, 1801; Stephen, 
Dec. U, 1802; Albert, Dec. 5, 1808. 

Francis, Matthew. Is. of. by Hannah, his wife.— Alfred, b. Oct. 6, 
1799; Uvi, Feb. 4, 1806; HaonahStandish, Hay 26, 1808; Mattbew, 
Jan. 10, '13; Hiram. Sept. 13, 1816. 

Fitch, Thomas. Is. of, by Abigal, his wife.- Thomas, b. July 20, 
1881; Sibell, Nov. 3. '84. and d Dec. 18, '84; Mrs. A. P., d. Nov. 8, 
'84, and Mr. T. P., Oct. 17, 1704; Etatis 52 years. 

Flood, Robert. Is. of, by Abigale ttia wife. — George, b. Aug. 7, 
1670. and d. July 20, '83; Robert, March 18, '74; Abigail, March 26. 
'76; John, April 27, '78; Thoroas, Aug. '80; Mary, Jan. 6, '82; 
George, Jan. 28, 1685. Mr. R. P., d., agedabout43 years. Dec. 16, 1689. 

Foster, Bartholomew. Is. of, by Mary, his wife. — Ann, b. Jnly 9, 
1694; Timothy, iu April, '99; Mabell, iii April, ItOl. 

Foflter, Samuel and Elizabeth Webb, were m. qq tli& • "ia,^ ^\ *^ 



i^ 




ReamU of Wetheri/i^d, ComT ' 

I».— Elizftbetb, b. Aug. 25, IIIO, and d. Oct. 7, "I5; Mary, Nov. 2T, 
'11; Samuel, Aug. 25, '13; Elizabeth, April 22, 1116. 

Fuller, Daniel and Lucy, y'dau. of Mr. Jonathan Goodrich, were m. 
Aug. 1,1123. Is.— Hester, b. Oct. 24, '24; Lucy, Deo. 3, '26; Abigail, 
Feb. 23, 1130. 

Fuller, Frederick and Anne Barrett, were m. Sept. 11, 1183. Is. — 
Mary, b. Dec. 14. '82, and d. in infancy ; Ilorrace, March 20, '85 ; Martbs, 
Feb. 8, '81; Wilaon, Feb. 16, '89; Benjamin Chapman. March 8, '91f 
Anne, April 5, '96, d. in infancy; Anne, July 23, '96; Cornelia Green, 
Oct. 31, 1801. 

Flowers, Joseph and Sarah, y*. dau. of Serjt. Saml. Wright, were 
m, Oct. 25, 1121. Ib.— Sarah, b. Nov. 26, '38; Joseph, March IS.'SOj 
Oziaa, Dec. 22, '31; Rebecca, Nov. 13, '33; Lydia, Sept. 9, '36; Abi- 
gail, July 11, '31; Luce, April 12, '39; Samoel, Jan. 11, '42; TinH 
othy, Oct. 12, '43; Eiisha, June 10, '46, Josiuh, April 11, 1148. 

Flower, Joseph. Is. of by Hanah his wife— William, b, Oct. 5, 1T51}' 
Hannah, Jan. 10. '54; Rhoda, June 1, '56; Elizabeth, Sept. 1, '58; Si- 
meon, Jan. 14, '61; Joseph, June 14, '63; Saiah, Dec, 14. '65; Jamea, 
March 23, '68; Rebecca, Oct. 8, '10; George, May 30, 1116. 

Fox, Thomas and Mary, y dau. of Tho. Boardman, were m, Nov, y» 
6th day, A. D. 1129. Is.— Thomas, b. Feb. 11, '31; John, Dec. 2i, 
'32; Elieha, March 25, '35; Amos, Deo. 16, '36; Prudence, Feb. 1(V 
'39; Martha, Aug. 21, 1142. 

Fox, Amoa and Susannah Dickinson, were m. March 12, 1161. Is.—* 
Hannah b. Dec. 20, '61; Amos, June 33, '63; Martha, Jan. 26, '65; 
Mary, Dec. 24, '66; Thomas, Dec. 13, '68; George, Oct. 15, '10; Abi- 
gail, May 21, '13. Mrs. F. d. Jan. 1, 1113. Mr. F. and the wid, Ja- 
rusha Kilby were m. March 14, 1119. 

Flagg, Samuel and Sarah, y- dau. of Jonathan Bunce of Hartford/ 
were m. Dec. 24, 1130. Is.— Sarah b. Dec. 14, 1131. 

Farnswcrth, Joseph and Mary Blin, were ni. Ocfc ** 1141, I«.— 
Mary, b. Aug. 1, '43; Joseph, Aug. 12, '44; William, April H, '4Tj 
Phillip, Nov. 11, '41; Jamea, Aug. ** '49; Abigail, Aug. 10, 1163. 

Fraser, Alexander and Lucretia Wright, were m. Dec, 8, llfltJ 
Is.— Billc, b. July 4, 1161; Charles, Oct. 19, '68, and d. Sept. 16. 'IS;; 
Elias, Oct. 4, '10, and d. Oct. 1,'15; Alexander, Sept. 28, '12; JamMf 
Sept. 12, '14; Elizabeth, Oct. 25, 1116. 

Foadick, Ezekiel and Abigail Wright, were m. *♦*. Is.- Abigail, 
b. Sept. 10, 1146; Clorinda, March 9, '48; Alvin. March 9, '50; Rhodfc 
Nov. 11, '51. Mrs. F. d. on the ■•* day of •**. Ezl. Fosdick an* 
the wid. Anna Wells, were m. Sept. 23, '*'**. Is,— Ezekiel, b. Sept. ll», 
1151; William, Aug. 9, '59; Anner. Jnly 20, '61; Susannah, June 19^' 
'63; Sarah, May 16, '66; Ruth, Oct. 1, '68; Elizabeth, June 16, 'l»j. 
Mary, July 31, '14; Samuel, June 3, 1118. 

Fortune, Luko and Prudence Buck, were m. Jan. 18, ltl6. la.— 4 
James, b. Oct. 8, 1111. 

Fortune, James and Betsey Riiey, were m. Not 5, 1191, la. 
Mary Beunet, b. March 11, '99; Luke, March 19, 1801 ; James, Aug. 19, 
1803; Elizabeth Buck, July 29, 1806; Eoswell Riley, Oct. 6, 180T} 
Prudence Buck, Doc, 3, 1809; Ashhel Riley and Juxtua Riley, Not, 
11, 1811; Jenette Riley, Sept. 4, '13; Ezektel Riley, Jan. 1, 1823. 

Forbs, John and Mary Hatch, were m. April 19, 1184. Is. — MaiT, 
b. Aug. 15, 1188. 



1863 .J UUer of Thomas Jeferton. 



LETTER OF THOMAS JEFFERSON, SECRETARY OF STATE, 
TO M. DUMAS. 
[CommDuicated bj jEBBHua Colbubn, Esq., o( Bolton.] 
Mr, Dumas was employed, duriD)^ our Revolution, by Doctor Frank- 
lin, as confidential agent for the United States in Holland ; be aft«r- 
wardi held the same poiitiou under Jobn Adaraa and Mr. Jeflenon. 

New York, July 13. 1190. 
Sir : I wrote you last on the 23d of June ; Bince which I have re- 
ceived yours of Mar, 24 to 31; your letlora are long on their pasHage 
aa you will observe by the following statement: 

Dsts of Letter. When Reoelved. Time of Posaige. 

Dec. a to Jan. 26, May 3, 01 days. 

Feb. 28, June 10, 103 " 

March 24 to 81, July 2, 93 " 

Gould we receive them quicker their coDtents would be more in- 
teresting, our communications from London are from 30 to 40 daya 
only, but theee are mixed with anch large doses of falsehood as to 
render it extremely desirable that we should receive authentic int«l- 
ligence with the same quickness. I cannot therefore but press ou 
you to effect the certain ttanamissiou of the Leyden OazitU by the 
English packet. Congress have passed a bill for removing the fede- 
ral government to Philadelphia for 10 years, and after that to 
Georgetown, be pleased therefore to direct your future dis- 

Satches to me at Philadelphia, the English packet will still come to 
ew York, and their dispatches will come from thence by post to 
Philadelphia in two days. Congress are still engaged in their fund- 
ing bills, the foreign debts did not admit of any difference of opinion, 
they were settled by a single and unanimous vote, but the domestic 
debt required tfiodiflcations and settlements, these produce great dif- 
ference of opinion, and consequently retard the passage of the 
fuuding bill; the States bad individually contracted considerable 
debts for their particular defence, in addition to what was done by 
Oongiess, some of the States have so exerted themselves aince the 
war as to have paid off near the half of tbeir individual debts, others 
have done nothing. The State creditors urge that these debts were 
BS much for general purposes as those contracted by Cougrese, and 
insist that Ooogress shall assume and pay such of them as have not 
been yet paid by their own Slates. The States who have exerted 
themselves most, find that, notwithstanding the great paimcnt they 
have made, they shall, by this assumption, still bave nearly as much 
to pay as if they had never paid anything, they are therefore opposed 
to it. I am in hopes a compromise will be effected by a proportion- 
ate assumption which may reach a great part of the debts, and leav- 
ing still a part of them to be paid by those States who bave paid few 
or none of their creditors, this being once settled Congress will prob- 
ably s^jo^rn, and meet again in December at Philadelphia. The 



Lane Family Papers. 



IJ»ly, 



atice or war between our two neighbors, Spain and England, 
rcDder a longer adjournment inexpedient. " 

ve the honor tu be witli great esteem, Dear iriir, your most obi 
md most humble servant, Tb. Jeffkbsov. 



LANE FAMILY PAPERS. 

[ Coram aiiicated hy William H. Whitudkb, Bsq-, of Boatou.] | 

Couliuued from vol. xl, ]>. ^41, 

Loving freiud Job Lane ray best respects salutelh yonrself an 
wife. I have formerly written to you what an agreement I nia(' 
with your brother Janiea, and that John is dead: and sin 

I writ, your uncle Henry Lane is dead, there is 19 acres of [ 
land fallen unto his heir and there is a scruple made whether yoi 
be he or no, because you have an elder brother aud not known to bq 
dead. The lord will admit roe unto it for you, and I must pay tfat 
fine which is at his will, and he will bate nothing of £9, lOi, and H ' 
land will not yield by the year but five pounds, and the owner mndt 
pay the p'lamt. taxes out of it. The lord is one Mr. Fotherl 
erable hard roan. I have made journey after journay unto him, bol 
he will have hia will. Now there will be a court about a mood 
hence, and then I will tafee it up on your behalf; and I would ban 
sold it, but buyers say I can make no good estate unto Ihera, by thkl^ 
authority which I have of you. Therefore if you would have it eoW, 
I therefore think it your way to make as large a power unto one 
that yon will employ so to do, as by your best advice you may be in- 
formed, and to have it exemplified under the testimony of the Got- 
ernor and some other magistrate and this if you do before I com a J 
away, if you think good of, you may make use of me. I thiakn 
I shall be in England until this time twelve month, at my soin 
Simon Gould's at the Raven in new Fish street. 1 shall be e»trem>-J 
ly troubled to get money to pay this fine for I can get none of yotrtj 
brother James. He is very poor aud I hope very honest. I haTn^ 
made an agreement with him for you for £30, and after I have gOl^| 
ten bis bond for this money he had counsill to [hold ofi"?] and not to 
give yoo anything, for he showed me a copy of the surrender which 
your father and mother did jointly surrender it unto htm aud your 
brother John and their heirs; for so it is; for I was at the charges 
to get a copy before he did or bad agreed with mo, and had I not 
gotten the agreement as I did, I should have had nothing [thence 1] 
for their estate. Afterwards was by learned counsel to be good 
enough, yet 1 stand engaged to him upon my agreement to take up 
the laud at the next court and to surrender it to him and his heirs; 
and this 1 must attend on this 16 or IT weeks. I am in conscience 
bound lo give him the beat assurance that I can, seeing that I have 
thus engaged him ; he was fearful of me before I had ended with 
him, and was fearful of going to law with roe, which I threatened 
him to do, but indeed I durst not after 1 saw the surrender which 



1863.] Blaeu's Belgian Cities. 267 

your father and mother had made, other ways than you were I'nrorm- 
ed. I fuund tboue tenants which took the surrender and denirv 
others of them aguinet your right. 

Toor brother hath writ unto you to (abate ?) him, and telleth you 
what it hath cost him ; much of it I believe is true, for the house is 

repaired by biro, which I think coat made a year 

that your father and mother died in debt (a good sum) and that he 
paid it; he gave me the p'ticulara under the j'tis hands that he paid it 
unto. I have had a great deal of trouble about it and the other 
occaBiona, and chargeable journeys ; horse hire was never bo dear, 
3s. 6d. a day besides his meat, — and now many hackiuge coaches go 
into the country but very dear too,— which hath cost much money. 
I made a journey unto your uncle John Lane within this 8 days, and 
must meet him on Saturday at Rickmanswortb to speak with the 
steward and with your uncle's tenant, to see if he will take your land 
for three years, and pay this fine ; b'lt before this ship is to set sail, 
I eball not give you farther account of the issue of this, — but be you 
assured that I shall do as well for you as I would for my self ; both 
in this and other affairs of yours here. And now I will acquaint you 
with another business which hath already been some travail and 
charge to me on your score. I have learned that another uncle ot 
yours which did long an annuity unto your father 

and bis heirs of £15. 

Notes. 

Though this letter is imperfect it is extremely valuable. The band- 
writing shows it to be written by Jere, Gould, and a reference to bfs 
letter (printed in the Seg-, xi, 104) shows that its date was no doubt 
in 1663. 

Rickmansworth, where the land in question seems to have been 
located, ia in Hertfordshire, 18 miles from London, 3 miles from Wat- 
ford on the Nor. West. R R., and is a town of about 6000 inhabitants. 



Blaid'b Bbloian CrriEs. — S. Alofsen, Esq., of Jersey City, in ft let- 
ter to a friend in Boston, writes thus: — " From the notice of the 
meeting of our N, Eng. Hist. Gen. Society of Nov. I, 1862 [ante, p, 
85], I see that Dr. Lewis, the president, donated some costly books 
in "French to the Society. Allow me to suggest the propriety of giv- 
ing the titles of foreign books in their original language, for certainly 
you must have found it frequently very difficult to recognize the 
books from the short and imperfect English translations of the titles 
under which the works are mentioned. 

The Belgian Citita, by Blaeu, comprise the cities of both the United 
Provinces of the Netherlands (Dutcli) and the Spanish Netherlands 
(Belgian), and is a standard work of high authority as well as 
beauty. I am well aware that under the word Belgian both the 
Netherlands were frequently designated in former days, but that 
time has passed long ago and the distinction is now generally recog- 
nized." 



see 



Hon. Si/lvanvs Bourn. 



I 



HON. SYLVANUS BOURN. 

Prom the Boadnt Etmmg Fnt, Bept. 26, 1763. 

[CommiiDlcUed to the Stgiittr by Col. Sakobl Bwbtt of Boston,] 

BarnetablG Sept 33-1763. 

On the 18 inst clied here tlie Hunotirable Sjlvanua Bourn Bsqr m 
the 10"' year of liis age; A Gentleman not mure dietingutshed for . 
the variety of his employmenta he held under the government, than 
for the ^rcal integrity with which he discharged them. lie was son 
to the Inte Hon Meletiali Bourn Eeqr, of Sandwicli wham he siiocced- 
ed in all thoeo honourable parta be enjoyed in that County. In bis 
earlier life he applied himself to the study & practice of the law n 
an attorney in which profession be acquired a considerable re* 
putation in his own & the neighbouring counties, proving ever 
faithful to hia client Si remarkably candid towards the persoDs & 
characters of those whom the nature of his professiuu obliged bin 
to oppose. 

He served his town several years in the General Assembly m 
member of the bouse; & from thence was elected into his Majeslys 
Council where he continued to serve the public upwards of Iweaty 
jears, wheu hia ill health obliged him to resign hia seat at that 
board; &, it would be doing injustice to his character, not to mentiOD 
here, that, as his good understanding rendered him capable of view- 
ing things in their proper medium, & considering tbem as they stood 
related to their most distant consequences; so he committed few e^ 
rors in judgment; & was over honest & explicit in giving bis opinioD. 
He never eitfiered his eyes to be bo far dazzled with prerogative 
power, as to lose sight of the civil rights of the people; but was 
ever steady in bis endeavours to preserve that dnc medium betwixt 
them, on which good government & the happiness of society so mudt 
depend, 

In his military chiiiacter he was unexceptionably just; & never 
failed to distinguish & reward the merit of tho subaltern officers of 
his Regiment; &, was scrupulously exact in apportiouing such draft* 
as were demanded for the public service. 

He was Grst Justice of the Court of Common Pleas in that countyi 
& was sundry times in commission as justice of a special Court 
oyer & terminer for the trial of capital offences, 

He was npwards of twenty years Judge of probate for the county; 
which office he discharged with pleasure to himself & to the great 
satisfaction of all those concerned; for he bad a sensibility of mind 
which ever disposed him to take delight in assisting & protecting 
the fatherless & widow. 

In private life he was amiable as well as useful, invariably just Jn 
bis dealings, undisguised & disinterested in his friendship, & was 
religious without being morose. He had the strictest regard fog 
truth; which, the' polite in his behaviour, he never sacrificed to 
force of custom. He was lively & entertaining iu his conversatioHj 



4 



1863.] The Picservalion of Manuscripts. 

and altho' he bad abundance of wit be liad too mucli bonevolence 
ever to offcDd by it. In domestic life ho was an example admired 
by ftU tho' equalled by few. He has left a discuitsolate widow &. a. 
numerous offspring to mourn the beat of buabands, tho kindest & best 
of parents. 



THE PRESERVATION OF MANUSCRIPTS. 



The writer of this paper was several years since enjifag'cd in tho 
preparation of a biography of the Puritan father, Her. Thoa. Hooker, 
who came to this country in 1633, His first location, as a christian 
minister, was at Newtown, now Oambridge, Mass.; wbeuce be re- 
moved, iu 1636, and founded the First Church in " Hartford upon 
Connecticut." Materials for the work were very scarce. In the al- 
most entire non-esisteuce of original papers of Rev. Mr. Hooker, the 
writer was compelled to depend mainly upon gleanings from histo- 
rical sources; in which incidental, rather than connected hialorical 
portions, relating to him, were to be found; and these scattered 
through volumes amounting to more than thirty thousand pages. 
Near the close of the writer's labors, ho accidentally learned one of 
thfl causes of the lack of original papers of Hooker. Some thirty 
years previous, at the taking down of the old parsonage bouse in 
which Hooker had lived, a quantity of old manuscript papers was 
discovered secreted within the ceilings of the parsonage study. The 
possible or probable value of the papers not being appreciated, as 
it would seem, by the workmen employed, they were regarded as 
mbbish, and thrown into Connecticut river, taking their cbauces for 
deposit and decay anywhere as it might happen, between Hartford 
and Long Island Sound. It is to be presumed that the thing was 
done without the knowledge of any resident descendant of Hooker, 
and through the haste and i neon side rati on of the then owner and his 
operatives. The presumption natural, is, that then took place the 
destruction of papers of that venerable Puritan father, which would 
have been of great value in the preparation of his biography. And 
the thought of the probability that it was so, created intense regret 
iu the writer. 

Tbe above statement gives occasion for the suggestions to be 
offered in this paper, on the importance, to a stat« like Vermont, of 
the careful and conscientious preservation and deposit in safe keep- 
ing, under the auspices of some society, of all manuscript and other 
papers, which may afford materials for future preparation of histories 
or lives. " Conscientious," let it be said, for there is probably a very 
culpable, not to say criminal, inconsideration of the value of such 
papers often. If anything would justify a state enactment, making 
the careless or wanton destruction of ancient papers, felony and 
punishable by fine or otherwise, the occurrence of such cases as the 
one above stated would seem to do this. Others like it, have, within 



The Preservaiwri of Manwtcnpts, 



[July. 



270 



some past years, come to the knowledge of the writer; one id par 
ticular, m which it appears probable — from the military relationship 
and intimacy, in which an eminent officei' in the war of the Americaa 
Revolntion had stood to Washington — that letters of " the Father of 
bU Country," had been consigned to the flames, with other papera, 
which fell into the bands of an administrator of an estate. 

The discovery and preservation of such papers ought not to 
left to accident, nor to the mere possibility that somebody having 
taste for things of " olden time," will find and get possession of them,'' 
Every member of a historical society may probably consider fairaselF 
as a member of a committee of research, on its behalf; who shall 
live with bis eyes open and his thoughts on the alert in reference to 
this object. The men are known of course, who, in various poaitionH, 
in the state of Vermont, have stood iu relation to its past history and 
events and transactions, and who may have left behind them papers 
of historical value. The present place of lodgment of snch papers 
may be some old trunk, cheat or barrel, in some old garret, or loft of 
a corn-house; or the attic of an old office, which on the decease 
of its owner, becomes an omnium gatherum, as well as a hubitation for 
destructive vermin of all sorts. Such deposits, when known, be- 
omc sometimes resorted to b^ the curious, for the purpose of getting 
possession of something as a relic, to be preserved by private in- 
dividuals, each for himself, without thought of what might be the 
value of the whole collection, if placed in the archives of some his- 
torical society. Such visitB of the curious to such deposits bare 
probably scattered, and will continue to scatter in a thousand direc- 
tions, material, which, if carefully kept together, till they coiild be 
obtained by a historical society, would be brought in their fnllness 
and worth, into safe keeping for coming generations of researchers 
into state history and individual biography. A corresponding secre* 
tary of a historical society, will bo well employed in looking through 
the current newspapers of the day, on the watch for advertisements 
of administrators, or of commisaionera of estates, probate notices, and 
the like, upon the discovery of clues to collections of papers which 
it may be of consequence that somebody should see and exami 
with reference to the possibility that valuable discoveries will 
made of papers relating to the past or the present, or which will 
of great worth a hundred years heuce. 

Beyond doubt, it is easy to accumulate much of mere old rubbish, 
by an indiscriminate gathering of old papers. But the common sense 
and just taste of almost any worthy member of a historical society, 
can be trusted in making a selection from the mass. And devoutly 
it is to be hoped that a system, not exactly of espionage, but of I'a- 
quisitive and industrious watch and search, may bring into ihe pos- 
session of the Vermont Historical Society, riches which shall be of 
high value for coming generations, as well as for the present. And 
especially, let it uot be, that any of the gardens of Vermont shall be 
enriched by the atlus of consumed materials for its history as a state, 
or for the history of its good and great men, nor that any of its 
rivers, flowing east or west, north or sonth, shall float into destruo- 
tion and oblivion, what may deserve preservation in caskets of silvi 
or gold, set with rubies or diamonds. 



irs,^ 



ae.iiH 

"I 




1863] 



Marriages and Deaths, 



^P MARRIAGES AND DEATHS. 

MABBIAQBS. 
BoABDiiAN=^HiNHAN. — Nov. 6, 1862, Halsey Joseph Boariiman, Esq. 
of Boston, to Georgia Maria Binman, by Rev. Caleb Davis Bradlee, 
io East Boston. 

CuoBBV^iSTuDLKY, — Jan. Ist, 1863, in East Boston, Joseph T. Crosby, 
Esq, to Miss Emma H. Studley, by Rev. Mr. Bradtee. 

MAiTaEwaoN=HoLT. — Married at Pomfret, Cl., April 8, 1863, Mr. 
Edward Payaon MattKewsoii, eon of Geerge B. by his wife Hannah, 
dan. of the late Dea. John H. Payson, and grkndson of tlie late Dariue 
Uatthewson, to Misa Marian Chandler Hult, dau. ol Dr. Hiram, by 
bis wife Maria, dau. of the late Maj. John Wilkes Chandler, all of 
Pomfret, and grauddau. of the late Ncbemiah Holt of Chaplin, Ct., 
by his wife Mary Lamphear. 

VaR!JBy=HorrMAN. — Jan. 1, 1863, in East Boston, William H. Var' 
nej, Eaq., to MisEi Mary E. Hoffinan, by Rev. Mr. Bradlee. 



CALir. — Jusiah, at Saco, Me., March 3, a. 80. Hef was a b. of 
Joseph Calef, and waa b. at Kingston, N. H., May 21, 1182. Hia 
grandfather John waa a Revolutionary officer. His mother was 
Miriam, dan. of Joaiali Bartlett, signer of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence. After a good classical edncation at Exeter Academy, he 
engaged in mercantile pursuits in Boston, removed thence to Saco, 
and in 1811, in connection with Col. Thumaa Cutis, the weulthicat 
merchant in Maine after Sir William Pepperrell'a death, tliere built 
extensive iron works, which he managed with great ancceaa for many 
ya&ra, but lost nearly all hia property by the fire of February 21, 1829. 
His energy and enterpriae were again rewarded by an ample fortune, 
and he waa well known as a bank, insurance and railroad director, dis* 
tinguished by hia gentlemanly deportment and fidelity in every 
duty. When we remember that duriug hia whole life he had to 
straggle with feeble health and many infirmitiee of body, wo wonder 
he could have done so much so well. He was indeed a marvel for dili- 
gence in business, ajatematic labor, and patient endurance nnder the 
burden of hia multiplied cares. In reapect to all his other relations 
in life, social, domestic, and with the church of Cbriat, it is suffi- 
cient to say that he waa conacientioua and happy in them all, leav- 
ing a blessed memory. Of his children, one m. a grands., and another 
a gr. gr. s. of bis associate, Col. Cutts. His wife Sarah Phillips, 
dau, of Dr. Gale of Kingston, N. H., survives him. 

Chandler. — Joseph, Jr. of Andover, Mass., at New Orleans, March 
10. ■ He enlisted in the 26th Reg't, as sergeant in Co. A, and sailed 
with his regiment in the Constitution for New Orleans. He was at 
Ship Island, Dec. 21, 1861. His company waa one of tKo«.« %«.t^\. \n 



272 Marriages and Deaifu. [^^Ji 

garrison Fort Jackson, and was subeequeutly on duty at the Quar- 
antine atatiun. While on picket duty ho was exposed to a severe 
Btorm and fatigue whicli brought on fever; this developed u chronic 
dise&Be of the lungs from which ho never recovered, but which ter- 
mioated hie eighteen months' service for liia country with hia dealti. 

He exhibited at all times and in all stations in which be was 
placed, that manliDess, integrity and fortitude which mark tbe true 
man and the chriatiaa soldier. 

The Atidover AdrtrlUer of April i, 1863, said of him : " Mr. Joseph 
Chandler, Jr., was one of the moat intelligent and enlerprisiog of 
the young men that this town has sent to the war. For several 
years he was employed in connection with this office, daring which 
time he wag a frequent and acceptable contributor to this papRr, and 
for a portion of the time he mainly conducted it. He was a young 
man of uncommon industry and perseverance." 

He collected many facta of the genealogy of the two Chandler 
families that were among the earliest settlers in Andover. 

As the active and accommodating clerk in the bookstore of the 
pablishing house of W. F, Draper, opposite Phillips Academy, hii 
memory will be kindly cherished by tbe students residing there, and 
by the people in that vicinity. 

He was b. in the West Parish in Andover, April 13th, 1836, and 
was of the tenth generation of Chandlers in this country, his descent 
being: WiUiam' and (Annia) of Roxbury, Mass., 1631; Capt. 
Tkomtfi aod Hannah (Brewer) of Andover; Ospt. John^ and HaDiiah 
(Abbott) of Andover; Capt John* and Hannah (Frye) of Andover; 
Joihua^ and Sarah (Chandler) of Andover; Lieut. Zebadiah^ and De- 
borah (Blanchard) of Andover; JoitpA'' and Mary (Kilit) of Ando- 
ver; Joi^h" and Mary (Phelps) of Andover; JbiepA'' and Lncy R. 
(Gates) of the West Pariah in Andover; Joieph,'" Jr., tbe subject of 
this notice. a. c, 

OusBHAN. — Ralph, at Bernardston, Feb. 22, on his Slat birthday, 
after an illness of only four days. He was a s. of Dr. Polycarpus" 
and Mrs. Rachel (Field) Cusbmau, and was b. at Bernardston, Feb. 
22,1183. He was descended from Robtrt^ Ciishmwn who preached 
the Grst aermon in America that was printed {ante, i, 103) through 
Elder Thomas,^ Rev. Jiaac,^ liaac* Nathaniel^ and Dr. Potycarjmt," 
(See CiuAnan Genealogy, p. 248, where a portrait is given.) Hit , 
brother, Hon. Polycarpus Loring' Cushman was father of Hoii>._ 
Henry Wyles^ Cosbman of Bernardston. -M 

Mr. Cushman was one of the best specimens of a New Fngland ' 
farmer, intelligent, industrious and economical. During his long life 
he shared largely in tbo respect and confidence of bis townsmen. 
He waa town clerk of his native town sixteen years; treasurer 
twenty-one years; selectman and assessor four years, and a justice 
of the peace many years. 

FiLLMoBE.— Nathaniel, at Kast Aurora, N. Y,, March 28, a. nearly| 
92. He was tbe aecoud a, of NathanieP and HepKibab (Wood) FilM 
more, and was b, at Bennington, Vt., April 19, 1771. He was de- 
ecended from John' Fillmore of Ipswich, Muse., through John* and 
NatbanieP {ante^ xi, 143). He was one of tbe pioneer settlers of ceti- 



1863.] Mamagei atid Deatht. 273 

Iral New York, where he acquired confiiderable influence among hia 
fellow citizens. He puBseBseil a strong conBtitution, an acute miud 
and genial humor. Had he enjoyed the heneSts of early instruction, 
he would, no douht, have risen to distinction. He was the father 
of Hon. Millard Fillmore, es-presideut of the United Slates. 

Grkkne. — Hon. Albert CollinB, at Providence, R. I., Jan. 8, a. 71. He 
was a 8. of Perry Greene, who was a brother til" Geo. Nathaniel 
Greene of the revolationary array. The deceased began public life 
«s a member of the Rhode Island Assembly in 1815, and for nearly 
half a century has been prominent in the public councils and the 
bar. He has been a member of the Rhode Island Senate, Speaker 
of the House of Representatives, Major General two years, Attorney 
GeDeral 1825-43, and a senator from that state in Oongress 1845-51. 
He possessed the respect and est<.'em of all parties. 

Balk. — Hon. Nathan, LL. D., at Brooklino, Sunday evening, Feb. 
d; a. 78. He was a s. of Enoch Hale, and was b, at Weethampton, 
Awg. 16. 1184. His father, a brother of Capt. Nathan Hale, the 
patriot spy of the Revolution, was the 5tb gen, in descent from 
Itobert Hale of Chartestown. Hon. Nathan Hale grad. at Wms. Col. 
1804, and studied law at Troy, N. Y., and would perhaps have set- 
tled in that state had nut a vacancy in the corps of mathematical 
instruction in PhlllipB Academy, for which he was highly recom- 
mended, led to his appointment to that office, and hie consequent 
removal to Exeter, N. H. la 1610, he came to Boston and in due 
time was admitted to the SufTolk bar. He began March 1, 1814. to 
edit tbe Botton Daily Adtertittr, tlie oldest daily uewRpaper in this 
city; and in his hands the paper gained abigh reputation in all parts 
of tbe country. On tbe 5th beptember, 1816, he m. Miss Sarah Preston 
Everett, sister of Hon. Edward Everett, andof the late Hon. Alexander 
H. Everett, a fellow instructor in the academy at Exeter. Their 
chitdreo are given in the Register, xiv, 219. Mr. Hale was one of the 
clob which, after the retirement of Mr, Tndor in 1811, took charge 
of tbe Nirrtk Ameriean Review; and was also a member of the club 
that founded the Christian Examiner. Besides other public labors he 
took a prominent part in establishing the railway system in New 
England, and was a early advocate of introducing pure water into 
Boston. He had been a member of both branches of tbe general 
eonrt, and the conventions of 1820 and 1863 for revising the con- 
Btitution of MaasacbnsettB, of the former of which, in connection 
with Octavius Pickering, he reported the proceedings, 

H.iTHAWAT. — Col. Philip Philanthropic, at Freetown, Feb. 25, a. 10. 
He was a s. of Rev. Philip und Mrs. Abiah Hathaway, and formerly 
held the offices of selectman, overseer of poor, assessor, collector 
and treaaurcr of Froetowu, bis native place. For eleven years he 
was adjutant of the 5th regiment, 3d brigade, 5th division, Masaa- 
cbttsetts militia. He served in tbe war of 1813. s. w. p. 

HoTT. — Joseph Gibson, chancellor of Washington University, St. 
Luuia, d. in that city, Nov. 26, 1862, of consumption. He was for 
many years piofeasur of Greek and mathematics in Phillips Academy 
Kxeter, N. H., where " he acquired a bigh reputation as a cl&a«\>i%.V 



274 



Marriaget and Deaths. 



[July, 



and matltcmatical scholar, a brilliant v 
i genius and ability." He wi 



iritcr and speaker, and 
IB a graduate of Ynte Coll< 
in 1840. 

Meacsiv.— Mrs. Abigail, at Williumstowii, Mass., April 16, ISl 
She was a dau. of CkI. Selh Warner, and was b. at Bennington, ^ 
Deo. 9, 1114; she united witli tlio First Congregational Cliurch 
Williamstowu ia 1801. a. s. a. 

OsQoon. — Rev. Samnel, D. D., at Springfield, Mass., Monday even- 
ing Dec. 8, a, 78. He was b. at Fryburg, Me., February, 1114, grad. 
at Dart. Coll. 1805, and was ordained Jan. 25, 1809, pastor of the 
First Congregational Church in Springfield. He remained nominally 
the pastor of tUia church till his death, though he retired from acti' 
pulpit duties in 1854, at which lime Rev. Henry M. Parsons was 
{led as his colleague. 

Rnas.— Horace P., at HBlifax, N. S.. Jan. 31, a. 42. He was 
inventor of the Rnas pavement, and is said to have been a mao 
great energy and force of character. He was engaged indevelopfl 
some silver mines lately discovered in Nova Scotia. 

Sullivan. — Hon. John, at Exeter, N. H., Monday morning, Nov. 
&. 63 yrs. 5 mos. He wiie a a. of Hon. George^ Sullivan who grad. at 
H. C, in 1190. and d. June 14. 1838, a. 66. having been a member of 
the U. S. house of repreeenlalives from New Hampshire 1811-13, and 
attorney genera] of that state, 1816-36. Hon. George^ Sullivan was 
deaceuded from Owen^ O'Sallivan gf Ireland, "original descendant 
from the second son of Daniel O'Sullivan, called Lord of Breare- 
haven." (Amory's Life of Gov. Jamts Sullivan, i, 412.) The descent 
from Oweni is throngli Major Philip^ O'Sullivan of Ardea, in the 
county of Kerry; Master Jobn-^ Sullivan who emigrated in 1123 to 
New England and settled at Berwick, Me,; and Gen. John^ Sullivan 
of the Revolutionary army who was president of New Hampshire, 
1186-8 and 1189-90. 

Hon. John" Sullivan was appointed attorney general of New 
Hampshire in 1849, and filled that office with ability till his death. 
In 1860, he was chosen president of the New Hampshire college of 
electors which cast the 6 votes of that state for Lincoln and Hamliu. 
At the last November term of the Sup. Jud. Court of New Hampshire, 
appropriate resolutions were adopted and remarks made by Hon. Jo- 
siah Quincy (of N. H,), Hon. A. F. Pike, Hon. H. Hibbord and ihe pre- 
siding judge Hon. W. H. Bartlett; which remarks are reported "in the 
Boston Journal, Dec. 9, 1863. " He was," said Mr. (Juincy on this o&- 
casion, "in many respects the cuunterpart of hi a father. Like hiut 
he was courteous and aS'able in his manners, strictly upright, ten- 
der hearted, having a nice and delicate sense of honor. Like hia 
father also, he was truly eli-gant, and manifested rare good sense, 
prndence and discretion in llie performance of his official duties. He 
was moreover linmane and merciful; never battling for victory mei 
ly, but for the maintenance of the right and Just." 

Sduner. — Maj.-Gen. £dwin Vose, at the residence of hi 
Col. Teall, Syracuse. N. Y,, March 21, a. 61. He was a s. of Elistii 
and Nancy (Vose) Sumner, and was b. at Boston, Mass., Jan. 1191 
His father, a native of Milton, descended from William' Sumner of D< 



man 



toe 

ally 

! 



1S63.] Marriages and Death. 275 

Chester, throiigti Roger.^ Witliam.^ Seth'' andSeth^ {Jitftislfr. -viii, 
138, k). was engaRcd in business in Boston from 1789 to 1«00, wlien 
he returned to Milton, Here liis yontb waa pasied, except two 
years epent with Rev. Dr. Richmond at Stonghton, for his edu- 
catioD. He finished his studies at the Milton Academy, of which 
Warren Pierce was preceptor, at fifteen was placed witli Thomas 
W. Storrow, a mcrciiant of Montreal, Canada, where the war of 
1813 found him with Storrow & Brown. He returned to BostoD and 
completed his mercantile education with Stephen Higginson, Jr. 
After attaining his majority he joined the U. S. Army, anil was ap- 
pointfld second lieutenant of infantry, March 3,1819; first lieuten- 
ant, July. 1823; captain of dragoons, March, 1823; major, Jnlj 30, 
1846; lieutenant-colonel, July 13, 1848; colonel, March 3. 1855; hriga- 
dier-general, March 16, 1861; major-general of volunteers, July 4, 
1863, and hrevet major-general, regular army. May 21, 1862, for hia 
aervicea before Richmond. 

In the Mexican war, he didtinguiahed himself in the battles of Cerro 
Gordo and Molino del Rey, for which he received the brevets of lieu- 
tenant-colonel and colonel. He was military governor of New 
Mexico from 1861 till 1853, when selected for specialduty in Europe; 
commanded in 1855-6 in Kansas; and in July, 1857, led an expedition 
against the Cheyenne Indians, defeating them on Solomon's Fork of 
the Kansas river. In 1858, he was placed in command of the de- 
partment of the west. When the rebellion broke out, he was sent 
to replace the late Albert S. Jobnslun in California, vrhence he was 
recalled March, 1862, and appointed to command the first army corps 
in the army of the Potomac. He commanded the left wing at the 
aiege of Yorktown, and waa conspicuoua in all the battles of the 
Chickahominy campaign, during which he was twice slightly wound- 
ed. After Gen. Pope's campaign in Virginia the second corps was 
assigned to him. He was wounded at the battle Autietam. He 
coinmauded the right grand division which bore the brunt of the 
battle of Fredericksburg, Dec. 13, 1662. On the appointment of 
Gen- Hooker to the command of the army of the Potomac, Jan. 25, 
1863, he waa at his own request relieved, and at the time of his death 
had jnet been assigned to the department of Misaonri to succeed Gen. 
Curtis. 

He leaves a widow; four daughters, Mrs. Jenkins, Mrs. Col. Teall, 
Mra. Col. Long and Mrs. Col. McLean; and two sons, Edwin V., Jr., 
major on Gen Stoceman's staff, and Samuel who was a captain on his 
father's staff, both of the regular army. 

Van SiNTVoORn- — George, killed at East Albany, by being run over 
by a train of cars, March 6, 1863, a. 43. He was b. at Belleville, N. 
J., Dec. 8, 1819, where hia father, the Rev. Staats Van Santvoord, 
iras then settled as pastor of the Dutch Reformed Church. Hia g. 
g. gr. father. Rev. Cornelius Van Santvoord, having come to this coun- 
try from Holland, about 1118, in that year became the pastor of the 
Dutch Church on Staten Island, where he remained until 1740, when 
he removed to Schenectady and took the pastorate of the Dutch 
Church in that place. " The greater portion of Mr. Van Santvoord'a 
early life waa passed at Sobodack and Kinderkook, and while hia 



Marriages and DeatJu. 



[Ja^ 






276 



opening mind was lliere reoeiviog that tnatrnction which formert 
bnsid of his Bubeequeut literary culture, his ioiagination foand fall 
pla; anion[^ the sceucs which years before had attracted the atten- 
tion of Irving, and suggested to him some of his must pleasing pic- 
tures." He was graduated at Union College, with honor, in 1841. 
He then comnienced the study of the law at Kinderkook, was ad- 
mitted to the practice of it at the end of three years, married the 
grand danghter of that very learned and able lawyer, Peter Van 
Schaack, removed to Lafayette in the state of Indiana, where ' 
niained two years, following his profesBion and editing a paper 
turning thence, he settled in Kindei'hook in 1846. Here he practii 
law until 1851-52. when he went to the city of New York, but wiUl^ 
ont making any permanent engagement there, took op bis abode in' 
Troy in 1852, where he was pursaiog his calling at the lime of his 
death. In 1852 and 1856, he was a member of the Assembly of the 
state of New York, and from 1860 to 1862, was district attorney of 
Rensselaer country. Mr. Van Santvoord, as a lawyer, posaeseeii 
that knowledge of rights, both equitable and legal, which was the 
result of careful study, extended research and thorough examioation, 
while ia his legal writings he displayed that comprebension of the 
law and that knowledge of cases, which can alone belong to the man 
of thought and investigation. During his residence at the west he 
wrote the work known as the Indiana. Jialia.. In 1852, he pablisbed 
Prinapla of Pleading in Civil Actions wider the New Yorft Code. 
This was revised and enlarged in 1855. His next work waa Prat- 
dents of Pleading, which appeared in 1858, which was followed by 
his PraUict in tht Suprtvu Court of the Slate of New York in M^ "" 
Aetioni, the first volume of which appeared in 1860, and the eeci 



Egvih 
r thil 

liTS^ 



While living at Kinderhook, he wrote a series of essays for t 
Demoeralie Remew, embracing full and accnrate sketches of the Mtm 
and deeds of several of the principal actors in the French revotutioD, 
including amon^ others, Robespierre, Danton and Carnot. Hia ad* 
dresses before literary societies, und on other occasious, were able 
and eloquent. His principal literary works, however, were a Xi/ii of 
Algernon Sidney/, published in 1851, and Sketches of the lAvet and Jw- 
dieial Services of the Chief Justices of the Supreme Court of the United 
States, which appeared in 1854. In preparing the firat of the«e 
works, Mr. Van Santvoord'a " keen appreciation of Sidney's charac- 
ter and motives, his own devotion to the principles for which Sidney 
died, his firm belief in the ultimate success of the ideas which Sid- 
ney taught, enabled him to present in the truest and clearest light, 
the story of his life, of bis toils, of bis death." Tlie latter work 
" is highly interesting in its details, and gives a succinct but most 
graphic view of the organization and establishment of our natiooftl 
judiciary, and the incidents in the lives of those distinguished pa- 
triots and jurists who have presided over that august tribunal, ib^M 
Supreme Court of the United States." s. a. u. 

White.— Hon. William Warren, at St. Albans, Vt.. June 12, 186^ 
e was a s. of tbe late Timothy Deuel and Abigail (Dix 
White, deceased, b. in South Hero, Grand Islo county, Vt., March 4tt 





1S63.] Mamages and Deaths. 277 

A. D. 1S16. Ho studied the law with the Hon. Giles HarnagtOD, 
■with wboDi be formed & copartnership after his admiBaion. In 1842, 
he was appointed state's attorney of Grand Isle county, and re-ap- 
pointed in 1844. Having removed to Johnson, he was appointed in 
1844 and iu 1848, register of probate for the district of Lamoillo, 
and in 1840 and 1841, was appointed state's attorney of said county, 
The following year (1848), after a spirited contest, he was chosen 
senator for Lamoille county. 

From Johnson, Mr. White removed to Burlington, where he prac- 
ticed his profession, with the Hon. David &. Smalley. Intermitting 
practice by reason of ill health, he removed to Grand Isle, where he 
resided until his removal to St. Albans iu 1854. For several yoara 
(since 1858), be practiced law at St. Albans in company with Ed- 
ward Adams Sowles, Esq., and in 1859, was elected slate's attorney 
of Franklin county. In 1861, he was chosen one of the senators of 
the county of Franklin — of which office he was the incumbent at the 
date of his death. In October. 1844, he married Sophronia, eldest 
daughter of the Hon. Samuel Adams of Grand Isle, Vt., who survives 
him without issue. 

Although ill beatth compelled him, on several occasions to seek 
the advantages of a milder climate, be was able to make his mark 
in politics and at the bar, and by native ability and industry, he 
was enabled to achieve success in tbo business in which he engaged. 

Mr. White was a oommuuicant iu the Protestant Episcopal Church. 
After an illness of great Bufft^riBg, be died "in the confidence of a 
certain faitb, and in the comfort of a reasonable, religious and holy 
hope." — Abbreviattd. from the BuTlinglon DaUy Timts. a. r. h. 

Wilder. — Samuel Locke, at Kindge, N. H., April 7, a. 85. He was 
the youngent child of Ephraim' and Lucretia (Locke) Wilder, and 
was b. at Lancaster, Mass., March 14, 11T8. His father was de- 
scended from Thomas Wilder, adm. to the church of Charlestown, 
March 30, 1640, removed to Lancaster 1650, and d. there Oct. S3, 
1667, through Nathaniel^ and Ephraim^. His mother was descended 
from Dea. William Locke of Wohurn, through Ebenezer" and Sam- 
uel'. (See Book of the Locka, p. 99.) 

Mr. Wilder went to Rindge in 1194, was clerk in his brother's 
store and afterwards partner. After his brother's death, he carried 
on the business for a time in company with his eldest son Marshall 
now Hon. Marshall P. Wilder of Boston. He represented Rindge in 
the New Hampshire legislature, 1815-23, '28-9, 'S8-9. 



Cbktenhial CELESRATiaH AT St, Albahh, Vt. — It hsfl been decided to 
celebrate the 100th anniversary of the charter of St. Albans, which 
falls on the 11th of August next. In addition to tlie proceedings, 
usual on sucb occasions, it is proposed that the Sunday previous to 
the celebration, discourses be delivered in all the churches in tliat 
town, giving histories of their respective organizations, their pastors 
and their prominent members; and that theso discourses be printed 
wilbthe anniversary proceedings. This feature deserves to be copied. 
19 






JV. B. Hist.-Oen. Socieii/. 



NEW ENGLAND HISTORIC-GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY. 

Obituieueb of Deobibed Mbudeiis, 1662. 

[Preparpd hj WlLUm B, Thask, Esq., Hifiloriographer.] 

Tbohpson.— Pishey. Stoke Newinglon, near London, Eog., Sept 
1869, a. 17. He waB rod of John and Marj (Evisoii) TliumpBon, and 
wua b. at FreiBton, near Boston, Lincolnsliire, June 18, 1785. Us 
was descended from a family of Thomson or Thompson, which can 
bo traced back in that parish, to the jear 1537. Bin paternal grand- 
mother was Bridget Pisliey. Mr. Thompson was the last male descend- 
ant of this ancient family of Pishey, Pyschee, Peachy or Poch6, which 
under Ihe laiit form was established in Freiston as early as 127S. 
He was also the last male member of the family of Thomson, 
Thompson, of Freiston. Ilia niothei was descended on the malern: 
eide, from the old Lincolnshire families of Dorr and Saywcll. Tl 
family of Evison has been settled in the ncitrhborbood of BostOl 
only about 175 years, the eai-liest record being 16B8. 

Pishey Thompson received the piincipal part of his education at 
Wragby, iu Lincolnshire, the school at which place some sixty-five 
or more years ago, was in high repute under ihe management of Mr. 
EnoB Moody. In 1804, he entered the banking hotise of Sheath A 
Son, \d which he occitpied the postttoD of chief clerk dd the cluaing; 
of that establishment in 1815. He was thereupon appointed a 
manager of the estate by the Court of Chancery, and sQbseqnenlly; 
iu 1816, entered as chief clerk in the Batak of Messrs. Claypun, Oai^ 
fit & Claypons. He occupied this office until 1819, when he cams 
to the United States, and remained chiefly iu the city of Waahing- 
ton, excepting on occasional visits to England, until 1846, when he 
finally rctnrued to his native country, ^and took up his abode at 
Stoke Newington, where he died. Wliile in Washington he carried 
on the business of bookselling. In 1832, under Ibe firm of Thomp- 
son & Homans, a printed catalogue of their books, for sale, was 
issued, in an octavo, of 136 pages. 

Mr. T. published several pamphlets, and up to within Ihe last few 
weeks of his long life was a frequent contributor to various magazinee 
and newspapers in England and America. For many years he dis- 
charged the dutiea of European correspondent to one of the leading 
daily journals in this country. " In this capacity," says a Lincolnshire 
paper of 1856, "it has been hie study to strengthen the bonds of 
union between England and America — 

' The t&ud of tha bnive, uid llis home of tha free' — 
by every means in his power, which conscience and truth dictate, 
and which the pood of both countries and the peace of the world 
seem to require." 

One great object which Mr. Thompson had in view through 50 
years of his life was to perfect and complete hid lUttory and Antiqui- 
titt of Boston, and tht Hundred of SHrbftk, in the Co. of Lincoln, th« 
oollections for which were published, in 1820, in an octavo volume of 



1863.] 



JV. E. Hist.-Gen. Society. 



279 

467 pages; dedicated to Sir JoBepb Banks, at tliat time Prenident of 
the Royal Society. In X856, tlie great work, his complete History of 
JBoiloft was published in fuliu and royal octavo, by Mr. John Noble, of 
that town, making 824 pages. Tbia work elicited llie highest en- 
comiums, as it well deserved, of the London and provincial press. 
The biographical division of the book is of interest to Americans. 
Mr. ThornpsoD has bestowed much research in regard to the life of 
Eev, John Cotton, who was Vicar of Boston from 1612 to 1633. But 
" it approaches presumption," says he, " to attempt to write a memoir 
of sach a man, which shall be acceptable at Old Boston, as the 
scene of his early labors; and at New Boston, as that of his closing 
eiertions." " We believe," lie says, "Mr. Cotton was an eminently 
pious, learned, benevolent, energetic, consistent, and conscienttoutily 
good man," Notices of others, whose names are lamiliar to the 
readers of our enrly New England history are given in this depart- 
ment of the work, 

The London Gentleman's Magaziiu for November, in a brief notice 
of Mr. Thompson, closes with the following language: "Mr. T. 
was a man esteemed by all who knew bim, quiet, unassuming and 
unpretentious in manner ; yet there were few men so thoroughly 
conversant with almost every branch of science and art. His singu- 
larly modest estimate of his own acquirements alone prevented bim 
attaining that position among men of letters to which he was justly 
entitled. It was only those to whom he was well known and with 
irliom he entered freely into conversation , who could form any idea 
of the nature and extent of his researches and readings. He had a 
wonderfully retentive memory, and never forgot the slightest cir- 
cumstance which had once come under his notice." He was made a 
corresponding member of the N. E. Hist.-Gcn. Society, in 1856. 

Pishey Thompson m. on the 6th of Nov. 1807. Jane, dan. of John 
and Susanna Tonge of Boston. She d. July 16, 1851, in the 65th yr. 
of her age, leaving no issue. 



Robinson.— Rov. Edward, D. D., LL. D,, New York city. Jan. 21, a. 
68. Ue was b. at Southington, Conn,, April 10, 1794. where his father, 
- Bev. Wm. Robinson, was for fortyKine years, pastor of the Congre- 
gational Church. Ho was a descendant of Wm. Robinson of Dor- 
chester, Muss., whQse name is found on the church records in that 
town, prior to Nov. 4, 1639. U is thought that he joined the church 
in 1636, or early in 1637, a short time after the renewed organization 
of the ohnrcb, under the ministry of the Rev. Richard Mather. He 
was a member of " the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company;" 
was a grantee of land in 1656; bought a " corn tide mill " in Dorches- 
ter of Edward Breck, near " Captain's Neck," one half of which mill 
was sold by Robinson, in 1664, to Timothy Tileston of Dorchester. 
The lineal descendants of the said Tileston own and improve the 
flame mill privilege to the present day. Mr. Robinson perished 8ud> 
denly in his mill, as appears by a note in the church records of £oz- 
bary, in the handwriting of Rev. John Eliot, who was then pustor of 
Roxbury church. It is as follows: ■' 6. 6. 1668, Robinson, a brother 
of the church at Dorchester, was drawn through by the cog wheel 



JV. E. Hist.-Gm. Society. 



rj«M 



of bis mill, and was torn in pieces and slain." Samuel,^ eldest 8 
William,' bap. May 14, 1640; m. Mary, dau. of Richard Baker, 
was for several yeara rater or aBseaaor in the town, as was bis fatber 
before him; was one of tlie selectmen, and a depnty to the ^neral 
court. He d. in Dorchester, Sept. 16, 1118. Rev. Jobn^ UDbinBon, 
8. of Samuol,^ was ordained at Duxbury, Mass., Nov. 18, 1102. He 
m. Jan. 31, 1105-6, Hannah Wiswall, second dau. of bis predeceseoi 
in the ministry at Duxbury, Rev. Ichabod Wiswall, by the second 
wife, and d. Nov, 14, 1145. Their third a. and yonngeet child, Icbabod* 
Eobinson, b. Dec. 12, 1120. was twice m., first to Mary Hyde, May 
25, 1149; second Jan. 16, 1152. to Lydia Brown, cousin of bis firat- 
wife. The second son and child of Ichabod^ and Lydia (Brown) RobiB- 
son, was William,* b. Aug. 15, 1154 (the fatber of Rev. Edward 
Eobinson, D. D.). He m. first. Miss Naomi Wolcott of East Windsor, 
Feb. 8, 1180, dau. of Capt, Gideon Wolcott and Naomi Olrosted, bis 
second wife; she d. April 12, llSl; be m. second, Miss Sophia Most- 
ly of Weatficld, Mass., Sept, 16, 1183, dan. of Col. John Mosely; sfa« 
d. Dec. 81, 1184; he m. tbird, Miss Anne Mills of Simsbury, Aug. 13. 
1181, dau. of Rev. Gideon Mills; abe d. July 10, 1189. Mr. Robinson 
m, fourtb, Miss Elizabeth Norton of Farmington, Conn., Ang, 10, 
1190, eldest child of Col. Ichabod Norton and Rntb Strong, his wife. 
She d. about eight niontbs before her busband, wbo deceased, Aug. 
15, 1825, on his birth-day, a. 11 yrs. Rev. William^ Robinson had one 
child, each, by his first three wives, and aix children by his last wife, 
Ruth, who was the rootber of the subject of this notice. The salary of 
Rev. William^ Eobinson, being small, about (400 a year, be thought it 
proper to cultivate a farm at Southington, on which Edward** worked 
in the summer and attended the district school in the winter season. 
The young man bad au early and ardent taste for reading. He was 
specially fond of books of travels, and longed for more ample atorea 
than were afforded by bis father's library, and the one also in the vil- 
lage, lu bis fourteenth year he was placed with other lads in the 
family and under the tuition of Rev. J. B. Woodward of Wolcott, an 
adjoining town, where he continued until the early part of the year 
1810, The father had not purposed to send him to college, aa hJa 
constitution and health wasaomewhat feeble. He had intended, bow- 
ever, that he shontd become a partner in a country store, in bia nOr- 
tivc town. Such business was not to the young man's taste, tbougb 
be spent some little time in the store, subsequent to bia teaching in 
the district schools at East Haven and Farmiugton. In June, 1812, 
he went to Clinton, Oneida county, N. Y., where two of bis maternal 
nncles resided, namely, Rev. A, S. Norton, D. D., pastor of the village 
church, and Seth Norton, wbo bad been principal of the academy, 
bat was then appointed professor of languages in Hamilton College, 
then just chartered. Edward Eobinson joined the first freshman class 
in that college, in the autumn of 1818, and grad. in 1816, with the 
highest honors. In October, 1811, he was tutor in the college, and 
there he remained one year, teaching mathematics and the Greek 
language. He m, Eliza Kirkland, Sept. 3, 1818, youngest dau. of 
Eev. Samuel Eirklaud, missionary to the Oneida Indians, and sister 
to the late President Kirkland, She d. without issue, July 5, 1819, 
In December, 1821, he went to Andover, Mass., in order to print thvi 



I 




1S63.J 



JV. E. Hitt.-Gm. Socidy. 




first book of tlie Iliad, which he had prepared, with Latin do tea, for 
college students. His attenlioa was then directed to the atudj of 
theology. He commenced the Btudy of Hebrew, though he had not 
formed a connection with the seminary. About a year after this, in 
1833, at the request of Professor Stuart, he was employed to correct 
the proofs of the second edition of his Hebrew grammar, and soon 
became aseociated with him in the preparation of the work itself. 
The same autnuD he was appointed assistant inatriictor in Hebrew, 
and continued as such until the spring of 1826. He joined with Prof. 
Stuart, in the meantime, in translating from the German, Winer's 
Grammar of Ike New Ttslament, and also by himself, from the Latin, 
of Wahl's Clavit FAUohgica, the germ of his own subsequent Nem 
TittamenC Lexiam. In June, 1826, he went to Europe, and studied at 
Paris and Halle, devoting himself mainly to oriental langnages and 
literature. He m. Therese Albertine Louise von Jakob, Aug. 1, 1828, 
youngest dan. of Staatsrath L. H. von Jakob, professor in tho Uni- 
versity of Halle. She has since been known in tho world of letters, 
under the signature of Taloi, a word formed from the initials of her 
name. In 1830, Mr. Robinson returned to Andover, and held until 1833, 
the office of professor extraordinary of sacred literature and librarian. 
In January, 183T, he was appointed professor of Biblical literature in 
the Union Theological Seminary of the city of New York. He made 
bis memorable visit to Palestine with Rev. Dr. EH Smith, in 1338, 
and began the survey which has given faim such fame. He wEis at 
blB new post in New York iu the autuma of 1840, where he couliuued 
until his death, with a few interruptions from ill-health, and a second 
visit to Palestine in 1852. His Biblical ResearcAet in Palaliit/, pub- 
iished in two volumes in July, 1841, in Boston and London, aa also 
iu Germany at Halle the same year, " embody an amount of labor," 
Bays another, " unsurpassed if equaled in the annala of American 
Bcbolarship." " Tho fidelity of his exact deductions in the topogra- 
phy of the Holy Land, based upon personal investigations, united 
with his studies of the original biblical literature, have given his 
works an authority not lightly to be disputed; while bis labors in 
philology and the duties of his professor's chair have extended his in- 
finence in other walks of learning." He was connected with the 
American Oriental, Geographical, Ethnological and N. Y. Historical 
Societies. He edited the well known quarterly, the Biblical Repository, 
from 1831 to 1834, which was afterwards united with the Bibliotkua 
Saera, and by him edited one year in New York. The gold medal of 
the Royal Geographical Society of London waa awarded him for his 
work on Palestine; and the theological faculty of the University of 
Halle, conferred on him the honorary degree of doctor in theology. 
Tbe results of Prof. Uobineon's second tour was given to the world 
under the title of Furtktr Rtstarthts in Baltslim," &o. In 1859 he pub- 
lished a memoir of his father, containing also some account of his 
ancestors in this country, in an octavo of 214 pages (ace Register, xiii, 
115). An impression seems to have prevailed among some members 
of bia family that they were descended from the celebrated Rev. John 
Robinson of Leyden. After investigating carefully tho whole sub- 
ject, be came to the conclusion that the idea of such a descent waa 
" not ouly unsupported by any historical evidence," but was also dis> 



JV. E. Hist-Gen. Soct'dy. [Jnly, 

proved by direct and BufBcient testimony. " However much I might 
rejoice," fae aaya, " in a rightful claim to an ancestor so hoDorable, I 
nevertlielesB am loth to seek it at the expense of historic truth." 

A list of Rev. Dr. Robinson's works, together with those of his 
gifted lady who survives him, may be found in Duyckinck'a Cydoptduk 
of American LiliraCart. At the time of his death he had partially com- 
pleted a work on the Geography of the Holy Land. His recent visit to 
Germany, unavailing as it was, for the recovery of his health and the 
restoration of bis eyesight, was full of tributes to his fame and com- 
forts to his afflictions. 

Dr. Robinson was made a corresponding member of the Kew En(*- 
land Historic-Genealogical Society in 1858. By his second wife, 
now his widow, he had four children, two of whom have deceased. 
His yonngest sun, Edward, is a lawyer in New York. He received 
the degree of D. D., from Dartmouth College in 1832, and'that of 
LL. D., from Tale College in 184*. 

MoNTOLT MEKTlKoa, 1863. 

Boston, Wedwsday, March i. — A stated meeting was held at 18 
BroroSeld street, Rev. Martin Moore, vice president, in the chair. 

Rev, Caleb Davis Bradlee, the corresponding secrelary, reported 
that he had received letters accepting resident membership from Rev. 
William C. Fowler, LL, D. of Durham, Ct.; Samuel Jennison, New- 
ton, Mass.; N. B. Prescntt, Jamaica Plain; Thomas Chadbonrno, If. 
D. of Concord, N. H,; Rev, E. S. Atwood of GrantviJle; Nathaniel 
Curtis, Wm. B, Bradford, Ephraim Lombard, Joshua Tucker, M. D., 
and Rev. Adams Ayer of Boston; also a letter from Sir Thomas 
Phillipps, Bart., P. R. S., P. S. A., Ac, accepting honorary member- 
ship in the place of the late Pres. Felton, 

William B. Trask, the historiographer, read a very intereating* me* 
moir of the late Rov. Edward Robinson, D. D., LL. D., a correspond- 
ing member. 

William B. Towne, the treasurer, read a letter from John Barstow 
of Providence, accompanying a donation of $500 in U. S. 7 3-10 
funds, to be added to the Barstow Fund, and the income applied to 
the same purpose as that of his previous donations. Thanks were 
voted for this liberal gift, by which he had placed the society under 
renewed obligations. 

John H. Sheppard, the librarian, made his monthly report of dona- 
tions. Five volumes, 64 pamphlets, several valuable newspapers 
and a fac simile of the 6rst proposal for publishing the bible ID 
America, 

A communication was road from Henry Wheatland, M. D.. secre- 
tary of the Eaecx Institute, enclosing resolutiona of that society ap- 
proving of the republication by the state of the statutes enacted 
between 1691 and 1780 as recommended by Gov. Andrew. It was 
voted that the society fully concnr with the Esses Institute as to the 
importance of the republication, and will cheerfully join in any pro- 
per measure to promote an object of auch historic value. 

William Reed Deane of Brookline, read a paper on Elkanah Watitm^ 
which paper is printed in this volume of the Regitt^, pp. 97-lOfi. 




1863.] JV. E. Hid.-Gm. Society. 

A. Bronaon Alcott of Concord, held an intereflting conversation on 
Gmealogy ai a Mtam of Cvlturt, wbich was participated in by seve- 
ral other members. Mr. Alcott's remarks evinced profound thought, 
and were listened to with deep attention. It was voted to continue 
tho GonversatioD a fortnight from to-day. 

Boston, March 18, ^An adjourned meeting waa held this day. Rev. 
Curtis Cutler was chosen chairman, and Rev. Aliner Morse, recording 
aecretary prn tempore. Mr. Alcott's conversation ou Gentalogy as a 
Means of CuUart wtks continued, eliciting many original and valuable 
thoughts upon the benefits to be derived from genealogical research. 

Snslon, April 1. — A quarterly meeting was held this afternoon, 
Rev. Mr. Moore, vice president, in the chair. 

The corresponding secretary presented Lis monthly report. Let- 
ters accepting membership bad been received from Eon. Moses T. 
Willard of Concord, N. H., and William Appleton of Boston, as re- 
Bident, and from Piof. Carl Christian Rafn of Copenhagen, Den., and 
Rev. Charles Breck of Wilmington, Del., as corresponding. 

The historiographer read a carefully prepared memoir of the late 
Rev. Richard Pike of Dorchester, a resident member. 

The librarian reported that during the mouth eight volumes, 162 
pamphlets, one ancient manuscript and one caricature had been re- 
ceived. 

Abner C. Goodell of Salem, read an elaborate paper describing 
the Puritan and Cavalier as they are usually depicted in history, and 
instituting an examination into the 6delity of these pictures. He 
said the subject waa made especially interesting by the attitude of 
the rebellious southerners, who are understood to claim generally, 
and in the most positive manner, that they, as against the descend- 
ants of New England stock, arc the cavaliers of this century, fight- 
ing over again the issues of the great civil war of England. This 
asBumptiou has, he said, been generally received in Europe, as a con- 
ceded and indisputable fact; and we are called upon now, if ever, to 
correct this error, which appears to be one of the main props, if not 
a leading cause of the rebellion. He then described the rise of the 
Paritan party in the English church and state; and showed that the 
former were not " come-outera," but that they were most true to the 
reformative traditions of the church. He next narrated facts to prove 
that during the reign of Elizabeth, the best families and the best in- 
tellects were largely on the side of Reform, in other words were 
Pnritans. Such was the condition of Puritanism iu the church when 
James ascended the throne. This character was maintained by 
the Puritans throughout the civil war, and in the Parliaments and iu 
the army were to be found the flower of English chivalry. He then 
explained the origin of some party names, such as "Roundhead," 
"Leveller," "Cavalier," "Barebones" parliament, and showed that 
the commonly received meaning of each is erroneous. He defended 
the Puritan from the charges of fanatical austerity of cant, &,c., &c., 
and endeavored to show that the Puritan literature and Puritan 
principles of eccieeiaatical and civil polity, and of reform, were now 
practiced in England as well as in this country. A contrast was 
then drawn between the settlers of the two sections of this couaLc^, 






Jr. E. HUt.-Gm. Society. 

repreeentcd b;^ Massaclmectts and Virginia. He claimed that t 
Puritans of the former matntaiDed the bigh character tbeir brethf 
held io England, and that the latter were in no Bettse ' ~ 
and gavG facta and reasonB to prove this position. A pOirallel i 
next dranu between the two civil ware, and the leseoii taught 1^' 
both was declared to be that " It ia dangeruue to deprive the reck- 
less, the ignorant, and the vicious of the benign iunucnces of tb6 
humane, the wise and the pure. And, whether such separation be 
caased by patronage and power of proscription in the hands of a 
tyrant, or by an evil inatitutiou which invitee and retains the un- 
principled and esctudes the virtuous, the result is equally disaettoDS 
to the cause of liberty and peace." 

Boston, May 6. — A stated meeting was held this aftornoon, Rerj 
Martin Moore, vice president for Mussachuaotts, in the ch 

The librarian reported that since the last meeting, 14 
bound volumes of newspapers, S maps, and 221 pamphlets had 
added to Ihe library by donation. 

The corresponding secretary presented his monthly report. 
ters accepting membership had been received from J. G. Kidder of' 
Boston, Rev. Chas, A. Skinner of Cam bridge port, Hon. Thomas Tol- 
man, of Boston, as resident members, Fred. B. Perkina of New York 
as corresponding member, and Lord Lyndhurst of London, England, 
as an honorary member. 

Tbe historiographer read memoirs of William Shaw Russell, Be* 
gister of Deeds for Plymouth county, who died at Plymouth, Feb. 
22, 1863, aged 11, and of Kev. Convers Francis, D. D., " Parkmaa 
Professor of Pulpit Eloquence and of Pastoral Care " in Harvard col- 
lege, who died at Cambridge, April 1, 1863, aged 67 years, both cor- 
responding members of the society. 

On motion of William B. Towne, it was voted that a commit- 
tee of twelve bo appointed, with power to add to their number, to.. 
procure memoirs of such members of the Society as have deceased] 
previous to the appointment of an Historiographer. 

The chair appointed William B. Towne. William B. Trask, Joseph 
Palmer, M. D., Kev. F. W. Holland, Rev. Joseph A. Copp, D. D., Rev. 
J. T. Sargent, Andrew H. Ward, Tbnddeus Allen, George Mountfort, 
John H. Sheppard, Frederic Kidder, Rev. F. A. Whitney. 

John H. Sheppard, read a chapter from his MS. Life of Com. 
Tncker; giving an account of the siege of Charleston, S. C, by the 
British in 1180. Sir Henry Clinton was at the head of the land 
forces, and Vice Admiral Arbuthnot commanded the fleet, viz. one 60 
gun ship, two 44s, and four 328 with transports and smaller vessels. 
Mr. S. gave a description of Charleston, lying on a neck of low land 
between the Ashley and Cooper rivers, whose confluence makes 
a harbor two miles in width and seven in length; of the email means 
of defence by Gen. Lincoln; our little flotilla of four war ships com- 
manded by Com. Whipple; of Tucker's gallantry in the demolition 
of the Lighthouse and Fort Johnson; and of the final result from the 
overpowering force by land and water. 

It was a subject very appropriate for the present time; showiai 
the difficulty aud danger to which an invader would be expoE 



i 



1863.] 



CvrreiU Evmli. 



in attackiDg a city, so powerfully defeniled by natural obitacles, 
sboale, Baad-banks and tortuous cUanDele, and greatly subject to 
east-wiDda. 

Tucker, who connuanded the Boston, was the last to strike bis 
fiag, as the following anecdote will evince. When a special order 
from the admiral was ncot to him for that purpose, he replied: " I 
do not think much of striking my flag to your present force; for 1 
hare struck more of your flags thau arc now Qying in this harbor." 

Jeremiah Colburn, exhibited the original die with which was 
impressed the R penny stump under the act of the Massachusetts col- 
ony, passed in 1755, ten years before the famous British stamp act. 
Tbe Massachusetts stamp act is printed in full in the Register {ante 
XIV, 267), with descriptions of the several denominations of Stautps 
and other particulars. The die exhibited is of steel and belongs to 
the Hon. George Lewis, Mayor of Roxbury, in whose family it has 
been for a long time. Mr. Colburn also exhibited documents with 
tbe i, 3 and 4 penny stamps of that act; and documents dated IT9S 
Mid 1802 with Uuitod States stamps of the denominations 10, 20, 26, 
30 and 75 cts., under the act of Congress passed June 6, 1797, which 
continued in force till June 30, 1802 isec, BistoriaU Magazine, vi, 133). 
The stamps bear an eagle and shield, the name of the state in which 
tbey were made, and their several denominations. Part of the docu- 
ments have an additional stamp bearing the letters " cox rev c. &.," 
with 13 stars and the denominations in Roman numerals. 



I 



CURRENT EVENTS. 
[Compiled bj Rev. Eliab Nabob ot Eielar, N. 1 
Continued from p. 62. 
December, 1862. 



Tbe California steamer " Ariel," on her way out, is captured by 
tne '' Alabama," 

9. Battle of Oane Hill, Ark., in which tbe Union arms are victo- 
rious. 

13. The great battle at Fredericksburg, Va., between Burnaide's 
and Lee'a forces. The Confederates, having the best position, gain 
tbe day. Our U>ss is 1128 killed, between 6000 and 7000 wounded, 
and 3078 missing. Rebel loss, according to Lee's official report, 1800. 
In this battle Gen. Bayard of Ponn. is killed. 

15. Gen. Burnside'e army recross the Rappahannock. 

11. Battle of Kinston, N. C, eventuating favorably to the Union 
forces, under Gen. J. G. Foster. Our loss 200. 

15. Gen. B. F. Butler superseded by Gen. N. P. Banks, in the com- 
mand of tbe department of the gulf. 

25. Thirty-eight condemned Indians — ring-leaders in the massacreB 
in Minnesota — hung at Monkota, Minn. They all fell at the same 
moment. 

29. Gen. Sherman is repulsed in an attack on Vicksburg; ths rebel 




Current Enenit. 

army being under the command of Gooerala Price and Van Doi 
Our loss about 2,500. 

31. Great battio at Uurrrceeboro', Teun. The hostile armiea^-oi^ 
amountiog to 45,000 men, are led by Generals Bragg and Boeencru 
Our lusB about 2,500, 



JiNUABY, 1863. 

I, President Liucola issues his proclamation of freedom to slan 
in states in rebellion against the Government. Tlie original "Monitor," 
the first iron clad gunboat used in war, is sunk in a Btorni off Cape 
Hatteras. Galvefiton, Texas, captnred by the confederates; also the 
"Harriet Lane." The flagship Weatfield is burned, and Com. HensbaB, 
killed. 3 

6, Gen. Rosencrans announces a complete victory over the rebd 
at Murrreeaboro', where fighting has continued several days, ~ 
loss— 1,000 kilted, 6,500 wounded. 

II. Union victory at Arkausas Post on the Arkansas river. Some 
5,000 prisoners and a great amonnt of property taken. Gen. Jno. A. 
M'Cleruand commands the Union forces. This place was settled • 
early as 1685. 

13. Gold in New York has risen to U2. 

H. The entire edition of the Boston Journal, is, for the first tin, 
printed on paper manufactured from bass wood — Tilia Amtricana. _ 

1*. Land and naval battle in Bayou Teche, La., in which the Fed- 
erals are succesaful. 

16. Gen. Joseph Hooker [b. at Hadley, March, 1815], is appointed 
to the command of the army of the Potomac, vice Gen. A. BarDsidf 
resigned. 

18. Geo. Geo. B. UcClellan visits BoetOD, where he is enthusiai 
catly received. 

30. Battle near Blackwater, Va. Gen, Corcoran, at the head (. 
4,000 or 5,000 troops repulses Gen. Pryor, commanding about the 
same number. Our loss — 24 killed, aud 80 wounded. 

31. The " Uercedita" is sunk by the rebels off Charlestoa harbor. 



Febrdarv. 

2. The " Queen of the West " gallantly runs the blockade at Vick^ 
barg. 

4. The coldest day of the season. 

6. The confederates, about 4,000, with eight gaos.'make an nnsno- 
cessful attack on Fort Donelson, defended by 800 men nnder CoL 
A. C. Harding. 

6. Gold selling at New York at 157. 

9, The steamer Ella VVarley sunk by collision with the North Sta 
near New York. 

11. An attemptis made to assassinate Gen. Banks at New Orleans. 

12. Ship Jacob Bell from China to New York captured and burned 
by the " Florida." 

19. Mrs. Emma C. Embury, tiie Manley, a popular authoress, dies. 

20. Gold in New York 162^ 

S5. Aa explosion of one of uup o&Va \tii'«d«t mills, at Wilmington, 



isba^^ 

Some 
10. A. 
ed M 

tiiqfl 
Fed- 
inted 

DBid«M 

siaitfl 

■ad <rf^ 

the 

Mr. 

J 

■ Col 



1863.] CuTTmt Events. 287 

Bel. ; 15 persons killed. It U heard at Pbil^elpbia, 62 miles distant. 
Gold at New York 172^. 
27. Day of faetiog and prayer in the Bouthern confederacy. 

March. 

6. Battle at Spnogville, Tenn., in which the coDfederate army, of 
about 10,000, are victorioiiB. Our lose ia in all 1,406. Terrible riot 
at Detroit. 

9. Gea. H. Stoughton is captured by Mnsby's cavalry at Fairfax 
Coort Huuse, Va. Coffee is $5 per, lb. at Fredericksburg, Va. 

H. Com. Farragiit in the "Hartford" with the " MiBsiasippi," 
passes Fort Hudson. The latter vessel is sunk by tbe rebels. 

n. Engagement at Keltey's Ford, in which our cavalry under Geo. 
Averill, display much valor aud capture some 50 prisoners. 

20. A sharp fiffht at Milton, Tenn, Our loss— 37 in all. The con- ' 
federate loss, 180; many of whom are officers. 

21. Maj.-Gen. Edwin V. Sumner, b. 1796, dies at Syracuse, N. Y. 
23. Tbe National Theatre, Boston, destroyed by fire. 



1. Oar national debt is 'now )929,188,U7. 

7. Our gunboats, 9 in number, bearing 36 guus, under Admiral 
Dapont, make an unsuccessfni attack on Charleston, S. C. The "Ke- 
okuk" is sunk in the engagement. 

10. Gen. Van Doro attacks our forces, at Murfreeaboro, Tenn., and 
is repulsed with a toss of about 300. 

14. Gen Banks' array capture Bethel Flacc — take 1,500 prisoners, 
and make a victorious march towards Vicksbnrg, 

17. It overcomes the rebels at Vermilion Bayou, La, 

13. Figlit at Fayetteville, Ark., in which the rebels under General 
Govell, are repulsed. 

27. The steamer "Anglo Saion " from Liverpool to Quebec is 
wrecked near Capo Race. 444 persons are on hoard, of whom only 
833 are saved. General Stoneman is engaged in a brilliant and suc- 
cessful cavalry raid between the Rappahannock and Richmond. 

30. A national fast. 

Mat. 

1. Tbe whole number of captures made by the Snmpter, Alabama, 
and Florida, thus far, is 47. Fort Gibson, on Bayou Pierre, taken 
by Gen. Grant. Our loss— 600; rebels— 1,000. 

2. The great and sanguinary battre between the Union and Con- 
federate armies, under Generals Hooker and Lee, on tbe right bank 
of the Rappahannock, at Fredericksbnrg and Chancellorsville, com- 
mences and continues three days. The losses are heavy on both 
sides, but the Confederates gain the advantage. They lose in this 
action Generals Paslun and T. J. Jackson; and we, Generals H. O, 
Berry aud W. Whipple. 

3. Com. Porter captures Grand Gulf, Miss. 

6. Gen. Hooker and army recroas the Rappahannock, a.Ti4 "atua.-^-^ 
their old quarters- Hon. C. L. VulUndigbani wieaXjai ioi Vtfc^a^j^ »». 




288 Book JVoiices. 

Dayton, Ohio. Twenty-Eve New Jersey stjldiers are drowned by Iho 
npeatting of a boat in Cumberland river, Tenn. 

6. A public reception ia given Col. Orierson at New OrlcaDs, for 
his daring raid tbrongh the territory of the eneuy. 

1. Gen. Earl Van Dorn dies at Spring Hill, Tenn. 

14. Gen. U. S. Grant captnres JacksoD, tbo capital of Mis9isaippi. 



BOOK NOTICES. 



A HUtory of Ikt Law, tkt Courts and (he Lawyers of Maine, from mm 

first Colonization to the early part of the present Century. By WiLtllK* 

WiLLia. Portland: Bailey & Noyes. 1863. 8vo, pp. 112, with 18 

portraits. 

This vork, which itib annonncud in Ihf Janaar; iiuinhf r (p. 6B) aa in presa, ap- 
peared ia Marcli last. It hag more than realized oar (■xpHuUtioDs. Mr. WiUi* 
gives the hiBtoTj of the CoarM of M»iie ohlefl)' in the bingraphj' of the offloen of 
thoae eourla and Ihe lawyurs who pnictioed in them, to which levmi-tiglithg ot tbU 
bulky Tolume are devoted. He has furnished a ekelcli of crer; lairfer that b* 
Donlil luatn had practiced in Maioe to the jtar 1800, and also memoita of promiiMDt 
memlxinj of the prnfussiuD from th]it tltas till the ftcparalioa of Maioa from MaiiHi 
ubuselts. The work shons great labor in ihe colleutioii of mattinala and mash 
abilitj in preparing them for the preas. Mr. Willie has been fortnnaie In obtidalng 
the aaaletaiice ot acvertl gentltimeo of the profession who resided in other ]Mztt of 
the state, or whose uienior; extended farther than fait own. To these he gives 4d« 
credit fur tlieir conlribntloQB. 

Manj of the lawjers who began their career in Hune, have since become protni' 
neni in other statMi or have won a reputation beyond the limits of their owa. 
Among them may he named Judges Gushing, Paraoiia. Wilde, Preble and Spra^iw; 
Qova, Sullivan and Pairiii ; Prof. Qreenteaf, Solicitor DaviK and Senator Holmec. 

The frequent glimpses, obtained from these menioire, of men and manners on om> 
eastern frontier, during the latter part of the last caotaty and the beginning of tUl, 
excite a desire for a belter acquaintance with thom. The late Solloitur Daniel Davil, 
writing in 1828, remarks: "When I went Into that country [In 1782], in every part 
of which I have discharged my professional dnties, the facd of It, the habits and 
manuHra of the people, and those circumslanees which are pecnllar to a new coun- 
try, where all the institutions of sooiely nerediir^arded and neglected, would fonn 
■ picture that would astonish the present generaliuo." The pic Core nbiob heootUd 
have painted can now never be ours : the scenes that lived in his memory hive 
puaaed away with him. Fortunately, however, there is one still among ni — lo 
whose pen Mr. Willis acknowledges frequent obligations — wbose memory reaohea 
back to a time when little chaufje had taken place in the regiomt the sDclety ot 
which Ib dsBcribed so graphically by Mr. Davis; whose youth was prntsed on the 
borders ot those regions; and who in early manhood waa often brought Into con- 
tact with the hardy pioneers of the frontier, aod heard them relate their sUrring 
adventures, Hia vivid recollection ot a slate of society marked by eomo feature* 
that probably will never b« reprodnc^, and the rare gil\ of word-painting whldl 
he possesses, would enable him to photograph those pictarea with striking fldeltly. 
We hope he may be prevailed upoa to do it, A volume of Reminiscences from Ul 
pen would be a rich treat. 

We are requested to stale that a few copies ot Mr. Willis'B book are for aalo by 
the librarian ot the Historic. Genealogical Society, 

Annual Report of the Adjutant General of the Commonwtalth of Mastackvr- 
ittls. for the ytnr ending Dectmher 31, 1861. BoBtnn : William 
White, Tiinter to llio State. ISKl. 8vo, pp. 91, 15, 21, 4 and 12™ 
For the year ending DecemUr 31, 1862. Boston : Wright & PotWM 
State Printers. 1863. 8vo, pp. 410, 10, 29 and 12, 'fl 




Book JVotices. 389 

Amntal Report of the Adjutant General of tht State of BJwdc Island for 
the year 1861. Providence : Cook &. Danielsou, Printers to Ihe 
Slate. 1862, 8to, pp, 31. For the year 1862. Providtnce : Alfred 
Aothony. Printer to the State. 1B63. 8vo, 64. 
CalalogMt of the Ul, 2rf, 3d, 4(A and 5(A Rtgiments ConntclittU Volnnleeri. 
1861. Hartford : Case. Lockwuod & Co. 1861. 8vo, pp. 117. Of 
the 12iA and Wh Regimtnlt Cmneclicat Volunteers. 1862. Hart- 
ford : Case, Lockwood & Co. 1862. 870, pp. 45. Of Cmnedi- 
atl Tolttvleer Regiments from ike lilh to the 28iA inclusive and 
Second Light Battery. Hartford : Case, Lockwood & Co. 1862. 
8vo, pp. 327. 

These sra importBot docDiueiilB in the hietory oC the present wur. tn the re- 
ports of the AdjuUtnls Geut-rd of MftsaachuHetta nnd Bbode Island, there la a 
TUiet; of lUtistics, whioli, though vxtiemely valuable, we abill not dwell upon, 
oar object in bringing Iheae publications now before our readers being to point out 
to them, and parlicnlarlj to those engaged in the compilation of family hi^toHfs 
and biographies, the precise iufonnatioD to be Tound here reiatiTe to the aoldieiu 
«tinged In the detence of our counlrj. 

The report of the Adjutant Qenerul of HaanachuBetta for lbs ;ear ISIil, oontains 
losteni of Uie field offiaera, staff officers nod cnptaina in all the volunteer regiments 
from thia Btale for three monlliB, iiamelj, the 3d, 4lh, 6[h, Stli and Blh Infantry, 
the 3d battalion of Riflemen and Cook's Battel^ ; and alao of the three yean men 
Bent into the U. S. aervice dnriiig the year ; with brief acuonnts of the seividts of 
the aeveral rugintenls, baltalious and hatteriea. The rosters in hia report for the 
year 166'is are of the three years men and llie nine mnntha men, and give l>ie names 
of lienlenauts oa well as higher officers The former report gives resldenoei : Ibis 
adda the dates of all the commissions, discbargea, deaths and promotions ; furnish- 
ea a record of the servlcea of new regimenta, and continues ihoae of the old. 

The reporls of the Adjutant General of Ebodu Island give roxtets of eommissianed 
officers nilb dates of commiasions, resigiialiDns, promotiouv and deaths. 

The several catalogues of Connecticut Volunteers give full lieU of (he officers and 
privaiea wllb, as far as Ihey could he obtained, their leudeDces, ages, condition 
((nairied or single], and occupation. 

No lUlB of the MassacLuBella priiates and warrant officers have been printed by 
the state, but the £m/oh JJukmoc for 1862 and 18l}3 oontalua full lists nearly to llie 
Utae of their issue. Several of our towns and cities, loo, have published lists of the 
Boidlen furuishad hj them, either in their annual reports or in aeiiarate Rolls of 
Honor. We hope, bowever, that our state will follow the commenitable example 
of CoDueoticut and print full and correct lists of all the aoldien she lias sent lo Ihe 
war. The Button MmaniK for 18^2 givea lisU, more or Ibm complete, of the voiun- 
teen furnished by Maine, Rhode Island and Connecticut to Ihe time il was made 
op. We understand, also, that the last two reporls of Ihe Adjataul Qeneral of 
Hslue contun considerable Infotmatioa of this kind, though wehavenot seen Uiem. 

Sislory of the Totun of Cornwall, Vermont. By Rev. Ltvan Matthbws. 

Middlebury: Mead & FuUod. 1862. 8to, pp. 357. 

This handsome volume is the fourth of tlie aeries of Town Kistoriea prepared in 
Addison connly, Vermont, by the appointment of the Middlebury Hislorical Boci- 
ely. That of Middlebury, a still largvr volume, by Hon. Samuel Bwift, President of 
the BoHety, contained a preliminary history of Addison County, which stso waa 
pnbliahed separately. The History of Balisbnry, by the late John W. Weeks, re- 
ptete wilh Arcadian material of the early period, was published in 1860 ; that of 
Bboreham by Rev. J. P. Qoodhne, in hiography peculiarly oharaoteristic, in 
1861. The History of Brislol is undentood also to be prepared. 

Mr. Matthews has given lo the series Ihe work of an able and thorough Ecbolor, 
irltb judgment matnred by • Urge experience of pmcticai alhirs. It I* a judicious 
history, omitting nothing essential in learning the souives of moral or material pros- 
perity in the town, or Ihe social and intellectual influences it has enjoyed. Its 
relationship to Middlebury College dialinclly appeare, the buildings of Ihal institu- 
Uon Rlanding upon a port of its territory annezed to Ulddlubury, uid Ibe town 



990 



Book JVoh'cer. 



[Id 



conlribnting rni DcasuRl proportion of college BtndeDlE. Such t nork ii 
■ervice, not alone lo lilstorj, but to litfralunt snij teligioD. It la a good oitii 
beat Ipg&v; Ui hlB town. Long, st llie pl^aeaiit liameKleBd of Tinebitt — the piM. 
not the name, ie f»nilliar— ln«y the lullior eiirviie to sdminiater it. A good j 
tnlt of the aathor U presenled, tables or glalialira, indeios und fnnil]' reglr' 
ind (be book. Vermouters will Bud Ibis etili mutbar needed history. 



ColUctioiu of Iht MauadiuitlU HUtorUal Soaety. Vol. w. Fonrtlt I 
ries. Publislied at llie ciiarge of the Appletou Fund. BosM 
Priated for the Society, 1863. 8vo. pp. 602. 

FToaediiigs of the Massac/mstits Historical Sodely. 1862, 1863. 
ton : Printed for the Society, 1863. 8vo. pp. 503. 

Tliege two volnmet, which were Iseaed on the 1st of April, are among thi _, 
Important and intereeling of tliose jet publieljed hy the Socivt;. The ToIuDM m 
CoUectioiiB is composed of lellvra in the Winilirop MSS., which are an limaM 
muB of documentB relating lo Ihe early history of New England, preserred bf i 
branch of the deecendanta of the govcriior, and now in thti posBeaiion of lb« S' 
Robert C. 'Winthrop. In (hie instalment are letters from QaiDphrej, Jofau 
Downing, Pete ra, Cradock, Endieott. Bradford, Winslow, Wllliiuni, Coddln^^ 

Hopkliii, Batou, Hayues, Feuwick, Pvnolieon and Hooker, mostly dincutl to i . 

John Wlnthrop ; as well aa aome from IJnglich sjnipathiiars with the ooloniaia, 
The importance of Iheve Idlers can hardly be overrated, siioh an insight du they 
gifu hb IuIo the difficntllea which nllended the pluiting of New England, and Into 
the oharacter of the leading men of tlie colony. 

We nitl pias, however, to another point deiterving notice. Several page* of 
aut«^pha nod seaU, are here given, which will be of f<reat ufo to the genealo^ 
in trncing the families, and we are especially glad lo tea the Srai step taken towarda 
calling attention to the value of these evidencM. 

The genealogfoal items in these volumes are not many, but are very InlmMtlu 
In the collections we And the will of Isaau Johnson, and a note on p, 40 d., bj If 
Somerby, give* the probable record uf Emanuel Dnwning's birth from the Bcgltf 
of the Chnrch of St. Lawrence in Ipswich, co. Suffolk. " It Is, ' 11)05, Kmtnol 
the Sonne of OeoT|;e Downing, Capt ye 1 of January.' Oeorgo, the father, d 
himself in his wiU, proved 3d Oct., 1SU, as ■ schoci master of Ipswich." 

We also find in Hugh Peters' letters many allusione to his conneiiDllB, tli* 
Re«deB uid Lakes, and the will of Edmund Resde, printed in the IVaniaetuM, 
clears np some doubtful points. It seems (hat Kdniund Reade of Wickford, oo. 
Essex, left a widow Elizabeth (who m. 2dly, Uugh Pelere) -, sons, William, Samnol 
and Thomas; daoghtera, Margaret, wife of John Lake, Martha, wife of Daniel Bppa, 
and Eliiabelh, who became the second wife of John Wllithri.]-, jr., Marthft ttpp* 
m. secondly, Simncl Symonds of Ipswich, Mass., and IbegrandchildrenofBdmMid 
Reade (via., John L«ke, Anna Lake, Daniel Epps and EUiabeth Epps}, are aU 
recorded io onr Sew England registers, A letter published in the Stg., 
contains a farther notice uf these families. 

The volume of Trantaetioni contains several papers read before the Socletj, t 
most imi>ortant being one by Mr. Qeorge Ltvermare, on the Opinions of Ihe Foond^l 
ofthe Republic on Negroes OS SlBVes,asCitiEens, and as Soldiers. T. C. Amory, Jd 
ina paper on the atreela of Bo.«ton, gives an acooont of the different maps of fl^ 
city; Col. Aspinwall defends his opinion that the Narragnnset Patent was inva" 
and Dr. Appleton shows that the Society possesses a Que impression' of the i 
rare Great Seal of New Etigland. The memoirs are those of Hon. Daniel Appleb 
White by Rev. Dr. Walker, and of Hon. William Appleton by Rev. Chandler R- 
bins — both of them interesting accounts of notenortby men. 

Notes on William Vasaall, and on a letter from Charles II to one of the V 
Ihrops, are iuteresting, as is also Ur. Deane's citations from Cotton Hathet' 

Tliese votnmes are ds usnal, beautifully printed and carefully illustrated. Wfl 
hope that another collection from these valuable MS3. of Ur. Wiutlirop, will a 



Book JiTotices. 

A Me$)utrial of Rev. Thtodore Tihheti : a. Sermon delivered in the First 
CAurch, Mtdford. Feb. 8. 1863, By Kev. Edward C.Towne. With an 
Appendix. Boston : Walker. Wiee k Co. 1863. 8vo. pp. 2t. 
A Discourst delivered before the Third Reiigioaa Society. Dorchester, at the 
FuTieraiof the late Pastor, Rev. Ridiard PiU, February 20, 1863. 
By Rev. NiTBANiEL Hall. Boelon: Walker, Wise & Co. 1863. 
A Sermon delivered by request, hefore the Third Religious Satiety in Dor- 
cAeiler, thefirit Sabbath after the decease of Rev. Richard Pike, Febru- 
ary 23, 1863. By Rev. Caleb Davis Bradlee. Boston: Walker, 
Wise & Co. 8vo. 47 pp. in both Sermona. 
" A Lender and a Judge amovg the Pioneers." An Address delivered at 
the Funeral of Nathaniel Fillmore, Esq., of Aurora, Erie county, If. 
Y., on Tuesday, March 31, 1863. By Geobgb W. Hosmkr, D. D., of 
Buffalo: Franklin Steam Printing House. 1863. 8vo. pp. 14. 
It is ton aflFn Ihfl case that funeml BcrmoDS coiilatn no details □( tbe liv^s they 
Are hilendbd to vmbaim, and migbt Live been irrilten preitaulj Bi wp find them, 
h>d ttie iDdividoBls nevur lived. Thoxe bslbre us are not open to this ohjvcliun, 
Tbo eveiila in the lives of the deoeised are brifU; relitcd, ibvir rhmoter ole&rly 
portrayed, snd the religious tessQQS they leiuh eloquently enforced. All the ser- 
Inona Lave high liler*rj merit. 

A Brief Recirrd of Events in Exeter, N. H., during the year 1862; to- 
gether wUh the names of the Soldiers of this (own in the war. By Kev. 

Elias Nason Exeter. Fogg &, Fellows. 1863, 12mo. pp. 20. 

A Jndieloas compilation of loc*l annalg, worth; of imitation in other toimt. 

Tbii ii ILe stfcond jeuly isaae. 

Reunion of the Family of Joseph Taylor, at Middlelown, New Jersey, in 
1861. Printed for private circulation. Wm. Evetdell'a Sons, prin- 
ters, 104 Fulton St., N. Y. 1861. pp. 9. 

Thts pamphlet, pri[il*!il onlj on one side of each lenf, Is bnt a sketch of one 
fAsiily. defended from Kdwar'd Taylor, n settler lu Neir Jursej in 1692. It is hera 
■Uted that this Kdword Has of an old famil; lu Kent, Eug., and the names in the 
(amily hera are given with a particaUrlty which IndioHteg that ihey are copied front 
a good authority. We liope to net this sketch eularged and rcpubtished, for the 
BDoali of the Mew Jersey families, intimately allied with New England as tbej- are, 
iDDit always possess a great iutdresi for us. 

Cfdonial Schemes of Popham and Gorges. Speech of John Wingnte 
Thornton, Esq., at the Fort Popham Celebration, Aug. 29, 1 862.-TiJirfer 
t/u auspices of the Maine Historical Society. BoatOD: Printed by 
Edward L. Batch. 1863. 8vo. pp. 20. 

Tills is a reprint from the Cengrrgalional Qmirlrrly for April, 1S63, A small 
edition only was printed in this form for circulstion among the suthor's friends. 
To the Bpeeuli ure added copious notes. Mr, Thucnlon'a qoulations of contempo- 
r»rj ta well as later authoritiBg, throw a flood ot light on the character of the set- 
tl«ra at Ihe mouth of Iha Eennebuu. tie thinks it furtuUHtu llial the colonisation 
of New England was r^erced for the Fitgrime aud their succesiiors. 

T4< League of States. By Bensox J. Losbing. New York: Charles 

B. Eicliardson. 1863. 8vo. pp. 28. 

Thla is cue ot the admirable series of historical arlicles that Mr. Losunghas con- 
tributed lo Harpir'i Uagaxint. It gives a condensed history of the United tit&tes 
aa a DODfeduricy, and shows (liat it was to avoid the evils of eucb a government 
that they btcauie a nation. Mr. Richardson has done wfU U> YlV\t\. \^e ua^^Oa %s> 
pamphlet form, a« [he lessons here (aught are much n«ed«4 a.v\,\i«\|Te<»tf.'&ia,«- 



I, 



292 Book JVoHces. [Jd 

A Catalogue of t/u New Jersey Bills of Credit, eompriting their anoujtt 
dtvominations, and tie tkuum of the ptrsons appoinleii to Hgn them, ft» 
1123 to naC. By Henry Piiiu.rps, author of tlie Peansjlvani*'! 
Paper Money. Philadelpl.ia: A. 0. Kline. 1863. 8vo. P| " 
A vet7 useful pamphlet : the lilla ahoirs tha Dature of tti contmta. 

Mtamr of Mrs. Mary Barr. Printed for private circulation. ( 
nati Gazette Priating CompaDj Print. January, 1S63. 
pp. 10. 

This pamphlal conlains cousiderablfl genealogiciJ Informtttion teUUve to the Bur 
funily. of Sooli^h origin, which cama from the north of Ireland and settled in 
PeniujIvauiB. Hrs. But, vhoM niemoir ia Imfure na, was h dHaghtrr of William 
aud Uar; (MoKnlght} Ban-, bora at Sliippenburgh, Pn., ApHI 26, 17S3, and ditvl at 
CinriniiBll, 0., Jan. 20, 1K63, in bar EOth ;par. She is repre«>;Dted as a womaD of 
UDOommon talent and rare virtuei!. Her husband, MaJ. WiUtam Barr, who died 
March 18, 1637, removed from Baltimora to Ciuaiimati iit 1S09. tbty ware amAii{ 
tha aarljr aattlan of tLa place. 

An Amoriai of Jersey, being nn Aaount, Heraldic and Aittiquariati, of it$ 
Chief Native Famiiies, with Pedigrees, Biographiad Notices and lUut- 
traltve Data ; to which are added a Brief History of Heraldry, and 
Remarks un the iledurval ATiiiguilics of the Island. By J. Bertramd 
Payne, Fellow of the Genealogical and Historical Society of Great 
Britain, and CorreBponding Member of the Historic-Geuealopieal 
Society of New England. With plates of arms and seals, from 
designs by the author, original, or copied from the best existing 
examples. Part i, pp. 1-72. 1859. Part n, pp. 73-UO. 1860. 
Part HI, pp. Ul-196. 1861. 

This iTorh of one of Ibe coneeponding members of our society, challnngas «tu 
attention, not only by its exlifnglva pedigrees and baaatifui itlnatralious, bat attracU 
our special uotica sa giving tlie ancvslry of families early transplanted to Mew Bng- 
land. Many of the namei recorded here are familiar to onr ear. and already the 
oonnecting link betweea tba family atock and the American branch has been fuand 
ID more than one instance. Wa rejoice to see Iheia recordij ot our oommoD anoea- 
try thus preserrHd and nnrolded to the serutiny of oar gentaiogisla. Tbe leal, in- 
duBtrj and Judgment of (he author, conspicuous on every page, will be appreuiatud. 
we trust, by a large iinmber of interested readen. 

We give the names of the familieK thus far recorded : Amy, Auley, Nicolle, 
Anquelll, Anthony, Bailhache, Balleine, Bandinel, Bandains, Bertram, Blsson, 
Bma-de-Per, Boudier, Cabot, Cbateauhriand, Collae, D'Allain, D'Auverge, DeBor- 
entioe, De Carteret, Poulelt, Dowse, Le Febvre, Sitvesler, S, Qeorge, De Ornohv, 
Da La Garde, De La Place, Beneat, De La Taste, Do Ctuettevllte, De Sle. Croix, Da 
8. Hartlu, De Vaumotel, Dtiheaume, Dnmareaq, Durell, Filteul, Piott, Qabouret, 
Qervuse, Oibaut, Ciraudot, Oodrray, Mesaervy, Oosselin, Gosaet, Guerdain, Oailla, 
Uammond, Bamptonne, Hemery, Uerault, Janvrin, La Cloche, lAngloia, Le Baillj, 
Lit Buutillier and Le Breton. 

It would be too much for us to attempt to ennmetate the engravings of coaU of 
arms which are so profusely scattered through the volume. Nearly every family 
has presented one of large size, and many facsimiles of seals and eecutcheoni »r« 
also given here. The pedigrees ar« Yery eiteiunve, and we note many indlcalioni 
full ef promise to American readers. The volume is ill every respect beantifai and 
valuable. 

The fourth part will noon be ready, and like the others, tbe subscription prfoe ia 
79 6d. The author also proposes to publish a monograph of the various lamiliea of 
Payne, and we presume many of the bearers of tbe name will desire to furnish In- 
formation and be enraUed on his list His addren is Bagle House, Weat Sromptcn, 
BngUnd. 



J 



1863.J Sketch of the Hon. William Jlppleton. 293 



SKETCH OP THE HON. WILLIAM APPLETON. 

[BjJoHH H. Shbppabd, a. M.] 

Memory is inseparable from a knowledge of our identity. It is 
llie evidence of personality at all periods of our being. That he, 
who a long time ago, when a child, sailed his little boat iu the 
frog-pond of Boston Common is one and the same person with the 
venerable form at yonder window, who is now gazing on a column 
of water rising in a rainbow mist above the trees which surround 
that miniature lake, must resolve itself amidst all these changes, into 
this clement of reminiscence. Will it not bo so in tho life to come ? 
For we are told in the holy oracles : Then shall I know even as also I 
am known ; thereby teaching us that we shall there recognize our 
departed friends. 

Who can say that memory may not sit in judgment upon us; the 
rcwarder or avenger like the fabled Nemesis, of the deeds done in 
the body ? It may then be a joy or grief forever, since wo have no 
assurance that there is a river of Lethe " in the laud of the here- 
after.'' If these things be so, surely the departed Christian must live 
iu a state of perennial bliss, when be sees before him the panorama 
of a well-spent life, and remembers that on earth he made many 
hearts of the poor thrill with joy at the mention of bis name. He- 
flections of this kind are suggested by the subject of this sketch. 

Memoirs of several distinguished merchants of the city of Bos- 
ton, have already been published in the N, E, Hist, and Gen, Reg* 
isier, of Samuel Appleton, vol. viii; Peter 0. Brooks^ viii and ix; 
Thomas H. Perkins and Abbott Lawrence, vol. x; and also a sketch 
of Nathan Appleton in vol. xvi; each accompanied with a portrait. 
It is the wish of the editor of this work, that some account of the 
late Hon. William Applcton's life should also be preserved in our 
Register ; although an able and elegant memoir of this princely 
merchant and good man has already appeared in the Procudings of 
the Massachusetts Historical Society. 

William Appleton was born in that part of ancient Brookfield now 
known as North Hrookfield, Nov. 16, 1786. His father the Rev. 
Joseph Appleton, whose birth was in Ipswich, Mass., 1751, was a 
graduate of Brown University, 1772, and settled in Brookfield, 1776. 
He was descended from an old and honorable family, whose lineage 
extended back to John Apulton of Great Waldingfield, England, who 
was living there in 1396, and died in 1414, according to a pedigree 
prepared by Richard Almack, Esq. Samuel Appleton one of his de- 
cendants in the 8th degree came to this country in 1635, and settled 
in Ipswich. To trace the genealogy from the ancestral stock in 
England, however, would be unnecessary, as the memorial of Samuel 
Appleton with genealogical notes of some of bis descendants, bj 
Isaac Appleton Jcwctt, has been faithfully and handsomely executed, 
and is among the numerous books of pedigree in our library. 



Sketch of the Hon. William Jipphton, 



[Oct., 



William is in the sixth ^eoeration in his AmericaD, and thirteenth 
in bis Engliah descent. 

The family have ever been noted for talents and integrity, SaTniid 
the American progenitor, was a, deputy to the General Court in May, 
1637; and also his son John whose patriotic conduct made him an 
object of persecntioti from Sir £dmund Andres, the tyrannical gx^ 
vernor-geueral of the province; his grandson John was Judge of 
probate; and his great grandson, the Rev. Nathaniel Appleton, D. 
D., a graduate of Harvard College in 1713, was ti, learned scholar 
and celebrated for his eloquence as a Puritan divine. Doctornt«« of 
divinity were rarely bestowed by this college in those days, and 
usually on men of snperior acholarfihip; the only diploma of D. |)., 
previous to this, was conferred ne^rXy dghty years before, on Ibo 
Rev. Increase Mather.* Those very eminent merchants, Samnol and 
Nathan, tn the 8th degree, had a cousin, the Kcv. Jesse Appleton, D. 
D., a graduate of Dartmouth College in 178S, distinguished for ont- 
dition and ability as a pulpit orator. From 1807 to his decoaep io 
1819, he was president of Bow do in College — a man renowned for 
his evangelical character, and almost idolized by the students tinder 
his care. That three divines eminent for piety and holy influences, 
and also three wealthy merchants, who stood in the first rank uf 
commerce and manufactures in America, should be nnmbered among 
the descendants of one colonial emigrant, is a remarkable fact in 
biography; and it might be said of each of these merchant princes, 
iiB Mr. Gvorett beaiilifully remarks in his cnlogium on the ltit« lion. 
Abbott Lawrence: " Ue heard in advance the voice of a hundred 
streams running to waste over barren rocks, but destined heroafter 
to be brought into accord with the music of the waler-wheol aud> J 
power-loom," 

As the birth-place of every one, concerning whom a biography o 
sketch is written, is usually an interesting feature in his life, ' 
writer recently visted North Brookiield. The house where Mr, j 
pleton was born was taken down some years since. It was locate 
in the midst of a rural landscape, and surrounded by green fieldl 
Brookfield was settled at an early period of our hiotory — tbo tbifj 
oldest town in Worcester county, incorporated in 1673, iind in 161H 
destroyed by the Indians, who made Quaboag pond — in West Brooh 
field — a great place of rendezvous. The war with tliem iu 1676 — 
the murderous ambnecade in a narrow delile between a precipiof 
uud swamp — the conflagration of houses — and flight of the a 
iiig inhabitants, have made BvookQeld conspicuous iu the history o 
King I'hilip. When Maj. Willard late at night was approachini 
the town for their relief, great unmbors of cattle, frighttiied awtj 
by the flring of gnne, war-whoops and blaze of the building) 
gathered together and followed the soldiers to their homes; and t 
tramp of many feet, and apparent march of a large force, docoin 
the enemy and they fled to the woods. 

North Brookfield was detached and incorporated iu 1813. It 18 I 
handsome village on elevated ground, with a surrounding of woo^ 
mountains, and contains mauy flue farms. Pretty bousca adortu 

* 8«« Quinc^'t Huiort of Harvard VnivtrtUif, vol. ii, pp. ISO-7. 



1863.J Sketch of the Hon. William Jlppleton. 295 

with shrnbbery and gardens, give an air of neatness and comfort to 
the settlement, where the manufacture of shoes is carried on upon a 
large scale. The remarkable enterprise and Christian influence of 
Messrs. T. & E. Batchcller & Co., have made this town populous and 
flourishing. From a small beginning their business has sometimes 
exceeded a million of dollars a year, giving support to many opera- 
tives; but it has suffered terribly from the rebellion. This town is 
64 miles from Boston. Some of the views are very picturesque, 
especially that from the beautiful homestead of the Hon. Amasa 
Walker. The Wachusett and Monadnock mountains may be seen 
from the vicinity of his house. The public school-house stands in 
the midst of a large grove of chestnut and forest trees; and few 
country towns exhibit so much taste and industry combined. 

Rev. Joseph Appleton was married to Mary, daughter of Jacob 
Hook of Kingston, N. H., one of the largest farmers in that part of 
the country. This was soon after his settlement over the church, 
where this faithful pastor and exemplary man resided until his death 
in 1795. They had six children, three sons, Phineas, b. 1779, d. 1800; 
Joseph, b. 1781, d. 1793; and William, the subject of this sketch; 
and three daughters, Abigail Ellery, b. 1784, m. David Starrett; and 
Sarah Hook b. 1789, m. John Burnham, each of Hillsborough; and 
Mary Anne b. 1791, m. Asa Stevens of Mount Vernon, N. H. 

A controversial pamphlet was the only work the Rev. Joseph Ap- 
pleton ever published. A copy of it, the Rev. Mr. Cushing of North 
Brookfield informed me, has lately been found, though somewhat de- 
fective. It was called forth by the questionable orthodoxy of the 
Rev. Daniel Foster of New Braintree, and was about thirty pages in 
length. Theology in those days went armed not only to defend the 
fortifications of faith from invasion, but at times to attack the enemy 
in their entrenchments upon their own soil. Mr. Foster was a 
singular and eccentric soldier of the cross, and indulged occasionally 
in great levity. An amusing anecdote concerning him has come 
down to us. One of his church wished to withdraw his connexion 
and procure a certificate of regular standing, recommending him to 
the pastoral cure of the Rev. Mr. Appleton. This request was an- 
nounced to the church from the pulpit, after the benediction, but 
before the assembly went out, in this manner: " Brother Samuel 
Harrington has expressed a desire to go to Heaven by the way of 
North Brookfield; those in favor, please to manifest it." And they 
voted to let him go. 

The church, which Mr. Appleton had charge of, has now been in 
existence 111 years, and only under four ministers, including the 
Rev. C. Cushing, the present pastor. The first minister was the only 
one dismissed; and that because he was suspected of being a Tory 
in the Revolution. The lie v. Thomas Snell, D. D., was their pastor 
nearly 64 years; he died May 4, 1862, in his 88th year — one of those 
devout, patriotic, and influential watchmen, to whom New England 
owes so much of her prosperity. 

Mr. Appleton was buried in the old churchyard or cemetery, where 
repose great numbers of the early settlers of this town and their 
progeny. He rests not far from the entrance, \u \Xve tkv^^X. ^^ \vv^ 
parisbioi/er^. He ia flurrrounded by his flock, w*\l\\ iXi^tCL \.o x\^^ Vvi ^i»s^ 



Skilck of the Hon. WiUiam Jipplam 



lOcI 



296 

last day. for Tew if any of hia society survive liim. This o 
)8 dcliglitrnlly situated; it lies on tlie suutberu side of tlie handwilji 
grounds of Mr. Walker, upon b, declivity, bordering on Nortli Mai 
and Maple streets, is sljaded witi) trees, and within view of mu^ 
travel, It has lately been enlarged, aiid to one meditating amoi 
tbe graves, the gloom of the place is diuiinished from its Dearnesa ^ 
Buch lovi'Iy BCt'oery. And, indeed, why should Gup's Acre ' 
country town be hidden out of sight, only to be visited by tbe heu 
and the muuiner, as though we wished to forget tbe doad and no»< 
speak or think of them any more. 

A monument has been erected to the memory of Mr. Appleton ll 
his son. It is an appropriate and finished piece of wurkmaneliip 4 
Italian marble, about 8 or 9 feet in height; tbe plinth, baau, die a 
cap are each in fine proportion; and the capital is surmuunted by a 
urn, holding a blaze. It is a modcet aud graceful memorial uf &\m 
affection.' 

Mra. Appleton continued to reside in North Brookfield until 1 
secund marriage. William lived at home; of this period of bia IJH 
we can find but few particulars. An aged gentleman of that tomf 
Col. Adame, who was his playfellow in youth, describea him m I 
boy of slender and delicate habit of body, gentle, affectionate and of 
a most amiable disposition. The Don. Timothy Farrar, formerly 
a Tico-prosidenl of our society, who was his schoolmate at Neir 
Ipswich, gives a similar account of his boyhood. Ue must havebe< ~ 
a lad of a very thoughtful turn of mind and of decision of cbaracta 
for when he saw bis widowed mother and three sisters iu gre 
afBiction after the death of his brothers Fbineas and Joseph, he hii4 
himself to a farmer in the vicinity, at a stipulated price for l' 
season, with an agreement to board at home. Tliia farmer — m 
ia customary in the country — one day took William with him loj 
neighbor iu exchange of work, At noon he said to him, We will g 
into the house and get our dinner here. No, sir, replied William, 
agreed to board myself; and he persisted in going borne for bia rael 
This incident may s<«m trivial; but it shows the early buddiog j 

* Tlie iosoriptions oa the four aides are u rollotre : 



Wiliiaui Appklon 

of Boslan 

Tonngest aud only 

Hiu-TiTlng son 

of Rbt. J. A. 

who wlBbee 10 alierUh 

th« mt'morjr of 

luB hoDored Fftlber. 

,] In memory of 

Joseph Appliitalt, Jr., 

2d Son ol He*. J. A. 

tvho dUd 

Pebninr? 3, 1796. 

vffA 13 y*»,n 

A tncwi Kiubble 

and promUiug yuuth. 



Rev. JoMrpU A|i|ilv1 

the 2d I'titor 

of 2d Parish 

in llrookBeld, 

Born 1761 

Oredaalvd 1772 

OrduiK^d Ool. 30, I77< 
nnd died Julj-25, 179B, 

1.] Solemn and farvsut 

In prajer 

putbetio &iid iiiBlrnetive 

in piHiuhiui; 

A shitihig rtuiiipla 

of the {ikMiTH Tlrlvaa'4 

Aiid wliiw* cud 



1863.] Sketch of the Han. William JlppleUm. 297 

that scropalous integrity, which afterwards shoDe conspicaons in 
his mercantile life. 

His mother was again married in 1798. Her second husband was 
Maj. Daniel Oould of Lyndeborough, N. H., where she removed with 
her children. She died at Mont Vernon in that state, June 25, 1842, 
in her 87th year. She is described as a lady of fine talents, cheerfal 
in her disposition, ardent in devotion to the Redeemer, and greatly 
beloved by all who knew her. She was another example of the 
astonishing influence a mother has in moulding the character of 
children, and especially of sons. Instances of this kind wonld fill 
volumes. ^ How many great and good men have traced their excel- 
lence in after life to the first impressions made on their infant heart 
by that angel of heaven, a good mother. How often the short and 
simple prayers first taught him as he knelt down by her side and 
clasped his little hands in adoration, have come up in distant years 
to the remembrance of a transgressor, amidst distressing scenes on 
the ocean or in the battle-field. The celebrated Mother's Prayer of 
Ole Bull is not wholly a musical romance. Strange that any woman, 
led away by false ambition in her aim at roascnline rights, should 
forget not only the native delicacy of her sex, but that in the ma- 
ternal relation she may hold an imperial power, greater than any 
earthly potentate possesses — the education of those to whom the 
destinies of the world are committed. 

William is said to have resembled his mother in her energy, views 
of duty and truly Christian character. In his diary he speaks of 
loss in this tender and affectionate manner : " From the time my 
father died, she was very particular in giving her children religions 
instrnction, and often prayed with them in her chamber. I have lost 
in her not only the faithful guardian of my infancy, but the discreet 
monitor of my youth, and counsellor of my maturity." 

He was sent first to the Academy at New Ipswich, and afterwards 
attended school in Francestown, the birth place of the Hon. Levi 
Woodbury. Having received a good grammar school education, at 
the early age of 15 he was entered as a clerk in the store of Artemas 
Wheeler, a trader in Temple, N. H., not far from where his mother 
dwelt. Such were his assiduity and faithfulness in this employment, 
that at 19 he was admitted as a partner with his employer. He 
remained but a year in this business, and having sold out his interest 
in the concern, he formed a connexion with Aaron Mansnr. Mr. 
Wheeler failed; the last firm was prosperous, but the copartnership 
did not continue long; and at its dissolution, Mr. Appleton with his 
small profits, boldly ventured on a trial of his fortune in Boston, 
where he informs us he ** resided for a short time with How & Spear 
who kept a West India goods' store." In 1807, he formed a connex- 
ion with N. Giddings, corner of India and Central streets, in the sale 
of West India goods and crockery, which continued to the fall of 
1809. Then being possessed of $4,000 he purchased with Upham, 
Gassett & Co. the ship Triumphant, sailed in her to Fayal, then 
sent her to Liverpool, for which port he took passage in another 
vessel. In the mean time his own ship was captured by a French 
privateer, recaptured and brought to Plymouth. His embarkation 
in the Eliza with an invoice of i^'10.000 in goods on account of him- 



I 



» 



Bclf and Parker, Applctnn k Co., wbicli lie sold — Inn accnmulattofl 
of tlO.OOO in 1811 — joTirnoy ti> PliilaUelpliia (.ml Norili CBroIina — 
loading of veeaeU with naval stores for Entcland — journey to 
Cliarleaton, S, 0. — pafesafre in the Ceres to Liverpool, whoro li« 
heard of the embargo — his pDrchano of ^ooda to the value of 
|3U,000, on hearing in 1813, while he was in the Douse uf CoumoDe, 
that the orders in Council would bo modified or repealed — and liia 
importation of these goods in the Hoxanu, are all narrated in his diary, 
and quoted liy Dr. Hohbins in hiu Memoir. The resTilt of the whol 
aa he thought, left him worth $60,000; and he rested on hta ( 
Dulil peace was restored. 

Such energy, perseverance and enterprise conld hardly fail < 
fiuccees. lie thus laid a aolid foundation of his fortune. To tw j 
great merchant requires, in addition to integrity and enlarged viei* 
no amall degree of moral courage, and, ahuvu all things, a slrot 
fuitli. lie must mofrnify hit office^ Mr. Kverett. in his eloquebt i , 
marks on the death of Abbott Lawrence, quotes one of the 6wk 
masims of that eminent man : "Tell Ilic young men that commen]) 
is not a mercenary pnrsuit, but an honorable calling." Mr. AppW 
ton's ffhole life was an escmplar of this truth; and he seems to havtil 
had a peculiarly gifted mind in looking far ahead into the fntnre, 
and making deep calculations on coming events. He knew when to 
lie still, as well as when to put forth his energies. 

Mr. Appleton, in consequence of ill health, made frequent jour- 
neys; and in the war of 1613, he vJailed Gen, James Milter, an old 
friend, whose army was in possession of Newark, opposite Port 
Niagara. He gives an account of the alarm and 6ghting there, 
where he saw soldiers bringing the wounded into the intrenchment^ 
and an artillery company standing ready with lighted matches. 
This was in an interesting letter to Col. Samuel Swett of this cftj, 
which must be omitted (or want of room. He describes Oen. Miller 
as a man of great physical strength; and as dug who, in later life, 
took a lead in all that was doing in the commuuity in which he 
resided. 

After the war between the United States and Great Britain had 
terminated, he informs us that he built three ships, the Telegraph, 
Courier and Minerva; but before they were finiahcd, he was utHictcd 
with a Tory severe attack of the dyapepsia, and embarked for 
Charleston, S. C. He suffered great dialress and debility from this 
disease, and in the autumn with Mrs. Appleton sailed for the Medi* 
terrunean, spent the winter in Sicily, visited Home, Paris and 
London, and, in the close of 1817, embarked for Charleston; from 
thence be returned t<i Boston much improved in health and spirits. 
In 1810 he formed a copartnership with Page and Chase, which con- 
tinued six years. But nty pen is traveling out of the record of his 
life; for, 

January IGth, 1816, Mr. Appleton waa married to a lady wboao 
edncation, rank and Chriutian graces were an ornament to society 
and the solace of her husband for forty-five years. Few, if any, 
were happier in their domestic relatioua; in the full sunshine of 
fortune, residing near his conains Samuel and Nathan in Ueacou 
alrevt, where their thr«e princely dwellings overlook the long green 



1863.J Sketch of the Han. William Jppletan. 299 

arcade of elms on the Common, they passed their lives in the refined 
circle of elegance and taste. She died much lamented and beloved 
on the 29th of March, 1860; and what greater tribute can be paid 
to her memory, than to say, she was indeed a mother in Israel, leading 
her children to the Cross, and ever a friend to the poon Tlie father 
of Mrs. Mary Ann Appleton was James Cutler of Boston, merchant; 
her mother, the daughter of Gov. Sullivan; and thus she was a 
lineal descendant from one of those families whose ancestry have 
g-iven such character to New England. In the Life and Writings of 
James Sullivan, by Thomas C. Amory, Jr., it is said — referring to the 
Hancock house'*' in 1792 — *' A few months later, another occurrence 
of much interest to Sullivan took place in the same dwelling. His 
daughter was married to James Cutler, a merchant of Boston. In 
honor of the event. Gov. Hancock gave a magnificent ball in a 
spacious apartment, then forming a part of the mansion in Beacon 
street, for use on festive occasions. The hall, some sixty feet in 
length, was decorated with the portraits of many revolutionary 
celebrities, and possessed many historical associations. The building 
was removed in 1818 to Allen street, and is believed to be still in 
existence." Vol. i., pp. 266-7. 

He was chosen president of the Massachusetts branch of the IT. 
S. bank in 1832. When the charter of this bank — which, in a col- 
lision with government, he had managed successfully and with great 
ability — was expiring, and they were closing it up, which was in 
1836, a vote was passed by the directors, allowing six months' 
salary to each officer. Mr. Appleton took his own, and divided it 
equally among the assistants or subordinate officers of that establish- 
ment. It seemed the delight of his life, as he reaped the fields of 
commerce, to leave a trail of his bounty behind him. 

In 1839 he formed a connection with his son, James Amory Ap- 
pleton and Hon. Samuel Hooper. This son died June 29, 1843; and 
some time after, F. G. Dexter and John H. Reed joined the firm. 

It was in the midst of prosperity that he met with this heart-rend- 
ing affliction, in the loss of one whom he loved dearly, of whom he 
says: "He was the best of sons; of late years, my companion, my 
friend, my adviser. We took our daily walks together; we went to 
the house of God in company; together we knelt at the altar; in 
public and in private we lifted up our supplications in unison to our 
Creator." This most amiable, talented and interesting young man 
sickened, lingered and died. '* God has taken him," said the sorrow- 
ful father; but though submissive and resigned, he felt his loss 
severely. The death of one very dear, sometimes changes the whole 
aspect of life. The sun never shines again in its joyous radiations 
as it once did. Mr. Appleton said, *' his death has changed most of 
my plans of business." He was in his 25th year. William Sullivan, 
the eldest, who was much beloved by all who knew him, died August 

* The Hancock bouse has now entirely disappeared. On the sale of the premises, 
it was taknn down ; and it is to be lamented that this historic, time-honored man- 
§ion of John Hancock — that great patriot who ventured his large fortune in the 
can.se of the revolution — could not have been preserved, as the last memorial leCt 
us of the colonial style of architecture in the town of Boalow. TSwX. 

" Tewporh iijutaiitur, hi nos inulaums cu\tv WWft *"* 



Sketch of Ihe Hon. William Jippt^on. 



[Oct, 



300 

24, 1S36, at Schafllianeen in Swilzerland, jiged 21; of whom Hon; 
Natbon Appleton said, "he had lees of earlhlj droas ibitn any niM 
1 ever knew." He afterwarde lost two daughters; Mra. J. S. Coplej 
Greene and Mrs. F. G. Duxler. 

He was elected representative to congrcsB three times, in ISSOt" 
1852 and 1860; each term he was on the committee of wnjfl and 
meana. Soon after bis election in 1P60, his serrani, a raiUiFnl en|| 
of Erin, congratulated him on Ihe honor, and pxclaimed, "and t 
may the Lord give you in congress the gift of the gdh." Mr, Api 
pleton used often to relate this anecdote. He was a man of foin 
words; and so was the great legislator Moses, who said, I am fUnt if 
upacA, and of a. slov) tongue; but Aaron, my hrotlier, I kntur lh4U kt Wt' 
sptak tcell. Mr. Appleton was a deep thinker, diffident, and soldoiHJ 
if erer, took a part in discnssion. Attuched to the inslitiitionooT^ 
hie country, an ardent, indissoluble friend of the Union, hit) abiliw 
lay in eound and judicious action, and promoting the public goooL' 
His silence must have often been a reproof to those in conj^resB' 
whose declamation only clogged the wheels of business. No mBH io 
the liouso commanded more respect, and whose advice and opiniod 
were more consulted. In the last session his health began to ffttt' 
lie had been for years a great snlTerer; and, at the close of Jnlji 
ISGl, sorrowing at the recent death of his fond cousin — tho BoO^ 
Nathan Appleton — and with a heart rent with anguish at the h0P< 
rors of a civil war, he took leave uf his friends and returned bonta 
to prepare for r journey to another and better world. He lingerAd 
through a sickness of some months, the energiea of his mind bright 
aud unabated as ever; and, bravely contending with disease to tfae 
last, and when the hour of his departure had come, " be meekly Uid ■ 
himself down, folded bis hands upon his breast, fixed all his tboughti 
upon the crucified Saviour and fell asleep." •