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ill of JOSEPH SEVVALL {to fart pmje 8), 
• Lc© cap at Qticcirp t^oUegt;! (P*^* 67)» 
Ml- ' ' .s|ci»n 8liwU*L» D.U. h^ flamikon AndrnPs lUU, AM, 

In R,LijtcoLs CouXTY, Maixr. Commuukutcd by J5CT^/a- 

R«coni»i or Ttte Ein»corAL Cutmcu AT Stouqutox, Mami^. . . • » 
Lmttea or nil? Rkv. Jonathan MArnKW to Rtciuvn Clajikk. t7&&. Commn- 

nlCMOil t»y Diinitl [tern ton Slatft^t M.D. 
AIkmoir or TuiJ Hox« WiLLi\M K. Or»r.LL. By ilw/Wt JTift^* Esq. 
LnTHUi or Col. Ttt«iMAS Wkstiikook, a»d UTttitiyi. {Continued) Oooimii- 

nicrttcd by miimm B, Tmxk, A.M 

EARtT MiLiTAKY OwtiKA OF WAsniNOf ON. ComtnaniCAtetl by GrmviiU B. 

NorcrtfXM, LI., B« • * * * • > ■ 

Lr ' i;5 AKU CAfitULTlfiB or MAji«A<:ifrsjrrTtt RKOtilR^Td m^RI?C(i 

iR RKiint.uo!7. By i^oh ThotiMM W. Htt^gtmon and Mrs. 









GekbalooicAL OleaM}«*h IX Esc»LAXT»* ( CariiV,) By Hvnrt/ K l^atirrXf A.M. 
Recohds op Marriages in this Ea»t Pahish or BniDOEWAiKir. Mas-. iCoit^ 

tirtwai,) Com rniin tented by the Rt'V. Htnrt/ K /«iiA:** A.M. 
Bev. Strpuen BAcniLEU. By tlic Hon. Charhn E. Datchvldti 

Lbb OP VtRotMA* By X ffenry f.r«, Ej*q 

Tub Old MoutoxV xsii Tatloh Emtatch t!c DoRCiiKBTEit^ Mass* By Dtmd 

Ctapp, Esq, * 

NoTi:^ ASIJ QtritRiKfiJ 

V ' -I.'-- A...-^ v.. u w> ...,, tvi... % ij.^y. King HemUUy» 

i Warren iiotl VViitfr*;'lid^V. bi. 

QtifWcar.— WeekH; Talier ftiid Mofctioui»e ; Church j Willoiigliby; Pulmor.SS 
I WtUirlioimeand >< - ' -, Chimdh r, 89. 

Rfpliea.—hyXv or, I'f tkvL*rly, 89; Har'^bnU P. WildiT's Clirii^tUn 

'nnmuf; A Few > Jliivorick's DcBcriptiun of New Euglnud, 9yj John 

Tmak.— corrcotioti, yL 

HiifnHrnf htrnu;rnrt,—Qt\nrftr Millcnnrv of rhr. PIII^Tmrr F;\m5lr r Mr. nnd 

Giartte ot Bosituii ; CicucuJoKiefi tn prDpainUon, WJL &2p 84^-03 

^orrrur.s v\)k'iin:Tr£ pFiorrjiDI^fri*; t 

i"4il Sfjcli'ty; N«*w*nave!i Colony Hi«foric<il 
1 1 8odcty; Hhmle UUnd Blsloriciil Soctesy; 
...-...., 1;. . . 03^95 


WiUlamT, Cnrlt. . : K- v, limn G. Ssop r, r)R , . . 95-06 

Book NoncKS . . 97-107 


0BATH8 » 108-110 

uicJcMrdil , 




nc uny^ recunieu is miroauccory lo a oner sKetcn oi oim peifioii lu 
the sacred succession, ooe link in the unbroken chain, which we have 
traced and followed, 



Itev, Joseph SewalL 


Our good friend, the present maBter of the Lntin School, to whom 
we have submitted these themes, aud severa! short epistles also 
written in Latin at about the same time, speaks highly of all these 
productions, and says that he should regard them as very creditable 
to any boy, and especially bo to one not yet fifteen years of age. 

We know little about Joseph Sewall's life while in college. In 
1706 he joined the church in Cambridge of which the Rev. William 
Brattle was then the pastor. In January of the same year, follow- 
ing the example of his father and his grandfather, he began to keep 
a diary (for the first year and longer in Latin),* and he continued 
tlie hidjit, w*ith occasional interruptions, during the greater part of 
his life. As a diarist, however, he was far behind Samuel Sewall 
and John HulU The manuscript volumes which he left behind him 
are most disappointing ; they mention few names, and fewer inci- 
dents, particularly during his residence in Cambridge, and contain 
little except a record of his daily spiritual exercises and experiences, 
with occasional notes of sermons by ilr* Brattle and others. He 
subjected himself to the most rigid introspection, analyzing his 
thoughts and motives with merciless severity ; and he put upon paper 
the results of these microscopic observations, with catalogues of all 
his sins, those of omission and those of commission being separately 
classified. In reading bis inexorable judgments upon himself, we 
have been reminded of what Macaulay says of John Bimyan and 
his harsh and unsparing self-accusations : " Many excellent persons, 
whose moral character from boyhood to old age has been free from 
any stain discernible to their fellow creatures, have in their auto- 
biographies and diaries, applied to themselves, and doubtless with 
sincerity, epithets as severe as could be applied to Titus Oakes or 
Mrs. Brownrigg. It is quite certain that Bunyan was, at eighteen, 
what, in any but the most austerely puritanical circles, would have 
been considered as a younor man of sinijular •n'avitv and innocencep" 

Mr. SewalTs class, that of 1707, closed its course of college study 
several months before commencement-day. On the fly-leaf of one 
of the diaries we find the following : 

" M^ Remiiigtou'fl Speech to hia Pup ills at their dismission March 5, 

'* 1. Yon know bow you have spent your time; if idtely redeem the little 
that remains, for the eyes of your Parents are upon you ; learning will be 
of use to you in every condition* 

"2* See you c^rry it decently and as bacometh yoii» without haughtiness. 

"3. Come into Prayers duly; this wiil set an example to your Junior^; 
show that you do it for conscience sake. 

** 4. Beware of Drinking ainl Card Playing- These make the Colledge 

• Oil* of the '* 1rw8 and libertiee " of the College, whicli appears npoti Its records in 
the Latin fl«i well ft)* in the English Itingnage. wa», **ThiU the Bcliolnrs Bhiill never tise their 
mother loniriiG, txeept that In piihlic cxerdseB of oratory, or sucb Uke^ they be calleti to 
make them in EngliNh," 

The hrst graduation exercise in the English language was at oommenccmeot, 1763. 

Eev. Joseph SewalL 

**5. Subordinate all other studies to that you especially apply yourself 
tOi Get some Authored Scheme perfect. 

** 6. Abore all Study Christ; there is great sweetness and profit in this 

•* Cosd. I shall rejoice at your Prosperity aud Welfare/* 

On the 28th of March, Judge Sewall tells us, Joseph '* pronoun c'd 
his valedictory Oration." In \m own diary, under this date, the 
yoong man eays : "Assisted in pronouncing my oration. Praise 
God, and see you trust in him alone. God ordered it eo aa that I 
had not occasion for pride. Pray and see you do not expect applause 
from men." 

On the 8th of April, Judge Sewall writes again : 

**I go to Cambridge and carry Joseph a small piece of Plate to present 
\m Tutor with, Bottom marked, March 5, 1706-7, which was the day bia 
Tator took Leave of them; price 39a, 2dr Viewed his Chamber in the 
Presideiit's House, which I like*" 

Whether it was the custom at the period of which we are writing, 
for the regular studies of the Senior Class to terminate in the spring, 
and what the seniors did between March and July, we are unable to 
My ; but most, if not all, of them remyjined at Cambridge for post- 
gniduate studies, after they had taken their 6rst degree, and those 
who were expecting to enter the ministry studied divinity. The 
room which Joseph Sewall was now to occupy was in the house 
bailt by President Dunster " by solicitations among his friends and 
by personal sacrifices ; ** * during the administrHtions of Dr. Mather 
tfid At. WiUard, only a portion of it had been required fur the 
prerident's use. It was pulled down to make way for the new 
baildiiigf Massachusetts Hall, erected in 1720. 

1707^ April 15. *♦ I discoursed a long time with Wigglesworth, Oaks, 
Wfi>b, ooDceming our Christian duties, as forsaking the word wholly, 
firing to and loving God, Christ, watch fullness over each other, &c/' 
AprQ 16. **The President's life and recovery and the College for their 
%ixon and welfare are strongly to be prayd for." Joseph SewafL 
L July 2. ** Commencement Day is fair and pleasant. * . , Got 
j>h A Table, and Bread, which he wanted before. Went into the 
Hestibg-house about 11. M^ Willard pray'd. M' Wigglesworth began to 
lie; before he had done, the Governor came; when the first Question 
\ dispatched, the Orator was called forth ; His Oration was very well 
epied; I was concerned for my son, who was not well, lest he should 
bftTe fiiird ; but God helped him. * . * My Son held the first Quea- 
tkm ill the Afternoon ; Amma non Jit ex Traduce. > . * My Son was 
tlie first that had a degree given him in the New Meeting house. . * . 
M' WiUard made an excellent Prayer at Conclusion/' Sanuiei Seiwill 

Whttif in the mitomn of 1654, President DtiDstcr was removed iYom ofUct bccftuse of 

I rvpagtutnce to the rite of infam baptism, he pJeaded patlierically with the Qeneml 

'" — t tlutt be might not be tuni«?d out orhOQiie and liome as winter was npp roach it1j^^ nnd^ 

I *♦ OMi«ldenitions," iwid : ** The house I liave butlded, upon very damagtful conditions 

TBtlff ool of love for the College, taking: country pny in lien of billH of exchange on 

SlifULiid, Of U» house would not have l^een btiili j and a considerable pftrt of It was gijtn 

MBf at my requeft, oat of respect to myselff albeit for Che College.-' 

VOL. XL VI. 1* 

8 Bev. Joseph SewalL [Jan. 

On the following day, the Rev. Solomon Stoddard preached the 
Thursday lecture in Boston, and took occasion to speak against 
** excess in commencement entertainments." Whether he meant the 
public dinner or private "spreads'* does not appear; but Judge 
SewaU's reference to a ** table and bread" for his son's use is 

Mr. Willard went to Cambridge on Monday, August 11, at the 
opening of the autumn term, but was taken ill and was obliged to 
return to Boston before prayer-time. On the following day he felt 
so much worse that he sent his resignation to the Governor and 
Council orally by Judge Sewall. He continued in failing health 
until the 12th of September, when he died very suddenly. Mr. John 
Leverett was chosen to the presidency of the College on the 28th of 

November 3. " I visited M' Pemberton. Some of his instmctions such 
as these. 1. Lay the foundation in Systematical! Divinity. 2. Church 
History profitable, Jewish Antiquities. 3. Academicall Studies now to be 
fixed in the memory so that they may be retained. ... 4. Get a 
knowledge of the arguments of every Chapter in Scripture, the time of 
writing, occasion &c. 5. Study not Divinity as Vintners taste Wine; apply 
it to yourself. M' Leverett commended for a President. 6. Naturall 
Philosophy good." Joseph SewalL 

Mr. Leverett was installed on the 14th of January, and Edward 
Holyoke, of the Class of 1705, and Joseph Sewall, pronounced 
Latin orations. The latter took his second degree July 5, 1710.* 
His father's diary, which contains much more information about him 
than we can gather from his own, gives the closing words of his 
thesis, the subject of which seems to have been, the Divine Authority 
of the Sabbath : — ideoque etsi inaudiatur Lugduni Batavorum ; 
etsi enarrelur Lutetios Parisiorum; etsi audiant Nostrates 
doctissimif sive OxonienseSy aive Cantahrigienses ; attamen 
Glamabo, Sabbatiemus Septenarius existit Jure DivinOy et 

Mr. Sewall continued to reside in Cambridge until June, 1712, 
but we do not find his name on the list of tutors. He preached once 
or twice at the Old South, and once at Cambridge, before he took 
his master's degree ; and from time to time, during the next two 
years, he supplied the pulpits of the various pastors in Boston and 
neighboring towns. In more than one letter at this period. Judge 
Sewall speaks of his son as ** a probationer in the work of the minis- 
try." In the Scotch Church, this name is given to a young man 
who holds a certificate from his professor, testifying to his good 
character and qualifications for preaching. Scott tells us that 
Dominie Sampson was a probationer in divinity before he became a 

* When President Lererett died, in 1724, Mr. Sewall was invited to be his successor; he 
declined, and Mr. Colman was chosen ; he also declined, and the choice then fell on Mr. 
Wadsworth of the First Church. Boston, who accepted. Mr. Sewall was a member of the 
corporation of Harvard College from 1728 to 1765. 


Hev. Joseph SewalL 

tutor ID the family of the Bertrams. It waa not until 1790 that 
clerical asaociationa in Masgachusetta aeauraed the function of " appro- 
bating " or '^ licensing ''' young men to preach ; althuugh, aa the late 
Dr. Joseph S* CLark insisted, these associationa have not claimed, 
and never rightfully can claim, the authority implied in the word 

£arly in December, 1711, Mr. SewaU went to Salem, and, as the 
result of his preaching there, received an invitatitm to settle as pas- 
tor of a cimrch about to be gathered in the middle district in that 
town. He says: "I declined it, though not without pain. Their 
expreeeions of love and respect were truly atfecting and extraor- 
dinary/' At the same time, or previoualj, there seems to have been 
a desire on the part of some to settle him at Brattle Street Churchy 
Boetont as colleague with the Rev. Benjamin Colmnn, for whom he 
liad preached several times. "September 28. Meeisrs. ColeraRn, 
Palmer, Davenport speak to me about settling in their Church ; they 
my that the most seem to be incHn'd to it, tho as yet no Church 
Vote hath passed about it." We have found no other reference to 
tbia proposition, except the following in a letter addressed l>y Mr» 
Sewall to Mr- Colman from Cambridge, February 22, 1711-12: 

** I received voar courteous Letter this moniing, mh\ could not read it with- 
out a dtfep sense of tbe great respect shew n me in it» which I oinst acknow- 
led^ to he much above my meriL I bunihly thank you and ilm Gentlemen 
eoooenMsd for the honor you di<l me In the privat motions, whicli your Letter 
makes qientioa of. I can^t tell how God will dispoisa of me ; but desire to 
^^iefti|^i niy»eli to his care and Provideuce in all things. It will be a great 
^Hj^^tUfaction to me, if I mi^j always enjoy that Affection which you are 
^^iBtt^^ so generously to express in your Letter ; and I hope I shall ever 
S gratefull Remembrance of it*** 

It waa the policy of the Ohl South Church, during the first century 

of ita existence, to have t^vo pastora of like functions and with equal 

mnthority ; there were inter vali^ of time when it had one only, yet it so 

happened that frora the inetnllniion of Mr. Thachcr in IGTO to that of 

Mr- Bacon and Mr, Hunt on the same day in the autumn of 1771, 

every minieter who was settled there was settled as an aasociate. From 

Mr, Thacher^s settlement until I)r, Sewalf^ death in 1769, the Church 

waa never without at least one pastor. Since the death of Mr. 

Will^nl in 1707, Mr. Peinbertun had been alone in the work; and, 

after Mr. Sewall began to preach, it was natural that his friends in 

the Oiurch should think of him as a colleague* At a meeting, March 

19, 1712, two candidates were put in nomination, Mr. Sewall, and 

Mr, Joseph Stevens, afterward of Chnrlestown ; at a socceeding 

Olfieting, April 25th, the former bad forty-seven votes, and was 

ello«eii» and the latter had twenty. Early in the summer of this 

• 8«f Smfaift Laiier Book, Vol. L, pp. Hi, 41d. Thrae years Inter, tbe Rev. Willjam 
A«»tr wmi ictUed us coUengiie pastor at Braule Street. Hia wrlfe was Judith, yoangesi 
of Jadgfi Sewall. 



Itev, Joseph SewalL 


year Mr* Sewall had a severe illness, and \m formal acceptance of 
the call wa8 not presented to the Church until October. lib ordi- 
nation did not take place until the autumn of the next year. In the 
great fire of October, 1711, the First CImrch and Congregation lost 
their meeting-houae, and for the next year and a half they worshipped 
at Brattle Street and the Old South ; their two niiniflters, Mr- Wads- 
worth and ilr. Bridi^e, preacliing alternately at the two places with 
Mr. Colman and Mr. Penibcrton. While this pleasant arrange- 
ment continaeil, Mr. SewalFe services were nut required at the Old 
South ; but after the completion and occupancy of the new house of 
worship, which came to be kno^vn as the Old Brick, May, 1713^ 
Mr. Pemberton, whose health was poor, needed the assistance of his 
colleague-elect^ and preparations were made for the ordination of the 
latter. This took place on the 13th of September, Mr. Sewall 
having supplied the pulpit in turn with the older minister during the 
summer. Drs. Increase and Cottun Mather took part in the ser- 
vices, and Mr. Pemberton gave the charge, in tlie course of which 
he made a strong plea for the antiquity and validity of New England 
ordination. Mr. Sewall preiiched the sermon, according to the 
custom of the time, and a version of the twenty-third Psalm was 
sung by the congre«Tation. The young pastor, who had just com- 
pleted his twenty-fifth year, preached on the next Sunday from the 
text, ^* Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the &ins of the 
world," The ministry thus auspiciously entcre^l upon continued 
without interruption for fifty-six years. Its history is recorded else* 
where, and we will make no reference to it here, except to say a 
word, in passing, of the colleague pastorate of Mr. Sewall and Mr. 
Thomas Prince,^ — friends from youth and college classmates, — which 
lasted from 1718 until the death of the latter in 1758, — "' furnishing 
an example," says Dr. Wi8ner» "of mutual affection and union of 
purpose and pursuit, to which the annals of collegiate charges will 
be searched for a parallel, I fear, almost in vain." 

On the 29th of October, 1713, Mr, Sewall was married by Mr* 
Pemberton to EliEabeth, daoghter of the Hon. John Wallcy, for 
many years an associate of Judge Sewall on the bench of the Super- 
ior Court of Judicature of Massachusetts Bay, and a very distin- 
guished man, Mr. Pemberton having moved into the new parsonage 
at the head of Milk Street, Mr. Sewall and his bride took possession 
of the old parsonage on the Green, the historic building in which 
Governor Winthrop, the Itev. John Norton and Mr, Willard had 
lived and died. 

We present a portrait of Mr. Sewall after a picture painted by 
John Smibert, a Scotchman, who came to New England in 1728, 
and to Boston in 1730, in which latter year he became a member of 
the Old South Church. Mr. Sewall waa then forty-two years old, 
and this seems to be about the age represented in our portraits 
Smibert was the first portrait painter of any skill whom Boston had 


Marriages in Lincoln Oo*f Me. 


known. In later jeare he went to the Weet Church, of which the 
Hev. William Hooper wae then the minister. Ilia portraits of the 
two minieters of Brattle Street Church, Mr. Col man and Mr* 
Cooper, are familiar to U6 all in the engravings of Peter Pelhum, 
the 0tep-father of Copley. 


Commimicated hj Bbnjaic t?i N. Gooi>ale, Bsq., of Saco, Mo. 
[The MooDd date, where it (MMmrt, Ii the eodoned d&t« of marrtftge]. 

I SEND some old Lincoln County intentions of marriage. They 
were among papers in my care. I do not know if they are on 
record, but probably most of them are. They may be of use to 

Readfisld.— Feb. 5, 1792.— 3Ir, Jereraiab Ellswortb, 

Migs Sally Doddge of Midletown. 
fibrp«i»ea.— JuD. 10, 1793.— Mr. Daniel Webber of II. 

M rs. A b i gal Sy I ves to r o f Po wn alborough. 
BtiMol — Sept. 26, 1794.— Mr. Stephen SteWart of B, 

Miss Dole J Horiii of Powiml bo rough* 
JU^fcomi.— Nov. 12, 1794.— Solomoii Gove Jud\ 

Ruth Baker, bo lb of this town. 
Druden^ — May 18, 1795.— Mr. Stephen Munro Junior- 
Miss Mary Stilpben, both of D. 
Av JltU/areL—Aug* 17; 1798.— Mr. David Vining. 

(Jan. 14). — Mrs. Jetiny Gouell, both of New M* 
/ttM^W-^an. 19, 1 792.^51 r. Thoma^s Pahner. 

Miss Sarah Parsods of Newcastle* 
•* Jan. 14, 1793. — Mr. Joshua Folirigsby Little. 

MisB Rehekah Dow, of Balls Town. 
« Sept 30, 1794,— Mr. Joseph Pulcifer Jutl^ 

Mies Mercy Brown, of Balls town* 
** Nov. 10, 1794.— Mr. Jonathan Moody. 

MiRs Sally Palmer, both of P. 
«* Dec 4, 1797.— Mr* Samuel Palmer. 

Miss Abigal Pratt, both of P. 
JFtfcoiJ^.— Jan. 9, 1799.— Mr. William Wy man. 

(m, Jan, 10, 1799).— Miss Nancy Coffin, both of this town. 
WisauseL — Mar* 24* 1804. — ^Ir. Thomas Dorrel. 
(A p. 14)*— Mrs, Elizabeth Todd* 
** June 2S, 1804.— Mr. Francis Seuil. 

(June 23, 1804).— IMrs* Hannah Chace, both of W* 
** Dec 19, 1804.— Mr. Michael Wliarton. 

(Dec 20, 1804).— Miss Betsey Grover, both of W. 
JMilcwii,— Feb. 24, 1 791.— James Wears. 

Elista be tb Cunningham, both of B« 

12 Marriagee in Lincoln Co., Me. [Jan. 

Baat(oum.—1^0Y. 5, 1792.— Mr. John McCnrdy. 

(Dec. 13). — Mrs. Mary Reves, both of this plantation. 
"* Dec 20, 1792.— Mr. Moses Noyce, of Ballstown. 

(Jan. 17, 1793).— Mrs. Sarah Kiah, of Pownalboroogh. 
" Dec 28, 1792.— Mr. William Heel. 

(Jan. 10, 1793).— Mrs. Sosannah Shepherd, both of this planta- 
« Jan. 14, 1793.— Mr. Jacob Rowell. 

(Jan. 17, 1793). — Mrs. Lucia Vining, both of this plantation. 
« Feb. 4^ 1793.— Mr. Joshua follensbury Little, of Pittstown. 

Mrs. Rebekah Dow, of this plantation. 
** Mar. 18, 1793.— Mr. Timothy Plumer. 

Mrs. Hannah Hutchins, both of this plantation. 
« Mar. 28, 1793.— Mr. Winthrope Weeks. 

Mrs. Hannah Hogskins, both of this plantation. 
« Sept 26, 1793.— Mr. Nehimiah Blake. 

(Nov. 15, 1793).— Mrs. Anna Tibetts, both of Great Pond Set- 
" Oct 22, 1793.— Mr. James Reves Jun. 

(Jan. 3, 1794). — Mrs. Lucia Trask, both of this plantation. 
** Dec 13, 1793.— Mr. John James. 

(Jan. 2, 1794).— Mrs. Sarah Hutchins, both of Great Pond 
« Mar. 8, 1794.— Mr. Abner Ford Jun. 

(Mar. 10, 1794). — Mrs. Susannah Fowles, both of this plantation. 
« Aug. II, 1794.— Mr. John Parker. 

Mrs. Lydia Rollens, both of B. 
" Sept 20, 1794.— Mr. George Manson. 

Mrs. Susannah Coopper. 
« Oct 4, 1794.— Mr. Michael Glidden. 

(Oct 10, 1794).— Mrs. Sally Hankley, both of B. 
« Oct 20, 1794.— Mr. Joseph Pulsepher Jun' of Pittstown. 

Mrs. Mercy Brown, of B. 
« Nov. 15, 1794.— Mr. Ebenezer Rollens. 

Miss Hannah Aulny, both of B. 
« July 29, 1795.— Mr. James Peasley. 

Mrs. Ruth Peasley, both of this plantation. 
" Sept 16, 1795.— Mr. Solomon Potter. 

Mrs. Rachel Bartlett, both of this plantation. 
« Nov. 16, 1795.— Mr. Ezra Baley, of Newmillford. 

(Nov. 23 or 24). — Mrs. Nancy Heath, of this plantation. 
« feb. 15, 1796.— Mr. Jacob Rowell. 

Mrs. Hannah Reves, both of this plantation. 
" Mar. 10, 1796.— Mr. John Woodman Jr. 

Mrs. Betsey Bourn, both of this plantation. 
" Mar. 10, 1796.— Mr. Jonathan Peasley. 

Mrs. Katherine Murphy, both of this planta- 
*< Mar. 17, 1796. — Mr. Nathan Longfellow Jun., of this planta- 

(Mar. 31). — Mrs. Elizabeth Jewett, of Newmilford. 
« Mar. 22, 1796.— Mr. Daniel Hayward. 

Mrs. Hannah Greenlief, both of this planta- 


Marriages in Lincoln Co*, Me. 


BaMouvi. — Maj 14, 1796. — Mr. James Murphy Jun', 

Mrs. Rel)6ka1i Lai tain, both of this plantation, 
" Sept. 4, 1796. — Mr. Nathaniel Nojce, of this plantation. 

MrB. Anna (Currier ? ) of Newmiilford. 
]\mtalbar&. — Ap. 18, 1791.— Mr. Joel Pelton» of Seven mile Brook. 

MisB Anna Cottra, of P. 
iVipia2SS<nir*^Mar. 10, 1792 — Jamea Norrass. 

Mary Eckorn, 
iWnaaew^o.— Oct 30, 1792.— Mr. A*a Smiih, Jon'. 

(Not, 29, *92).— Miss Nancy Singelton, both of P. 
*' Dec. 8, 1792— Mr. laaac Brawn. 

(Dec 25, 1792). — Miss Betsey Coockaon, both of Balls town* 
JaD, 14, 1793. — ]!Hr. Moses Noyes, of Ballstown, 
(Jan. 17, *93). — Miss Sarah Currier, of Pownalborough. 
•* Jan. 16, 1793.— Mr. Daniel Webber Jun% of Harpswell. 

(Jan. 24).^ — Miss Abigail Sylvester, of Pownaiborougb. 
*• Jan, 21, 1793,— Mr. Nathan Dow. 

Miss Betsey Prible, both of Pownalborough* 
" Ap, 12, 1793, — Joseph Arnold, of Pownalborough, 

Betsey Whittin, of (Great Pond bo called )► 
Sept 3, 1794.— Mr. William Hodge. 

Miss Polly ATirell, both of Pownalborough. 
" Nov, 26, 1794.— Mr. Stephen Stewart, of Bristol. 

Miss Dolly Horn, of Pownalborough. 
* Nov. 2, 1795. — Mr, Joseph Carleton Jlln^ 

Miss Rebecca Erskln, both of Pownalborough, 
*• May 15, 1800.— Mr. Moses Owen. 

{Mmy 15, 1800). — Mrs. Ami Herrington, both of Pownalbor* 
" Ap. 6, 1801,— Mr. Peter Johnson. 

(Ap. 7, 1801), — Miss Polly Lake, both of Pownalborough. 
IStw CatUe* — Mar. 15» 1790. — Mr. John Bradstreet, of Sheepscut great 

Abigail Gleddiu, of Ball-Town. 
« Sept. 29, 1790.— Mr. Daniel Cloiigh. 

(Oct. 19). — Miss Jude Greely, both of this Town. 
Nov. 13, 1790.— Jose[)h Bartlet. 

(Nov. 18). — *Nancy Money, both of Ball-Town, 
*♦ Nov. 30, 1790.— Mr. Benjamin Plumer. 

(Dec. 16). — Miss Nancy Bevis, both of Ball -Town. 
*• Dec 21, 1790.— Mr. Francis Choat. 

Miss Susanna Heath, of Ball-Town. 
• Feb, 24, 179L— Mr. James Wier (endorsed Wyer). 

Miss Betsey Cuuingham, both of Ball -Town* 
" Sept 1, 1791. — Mr. Ebeoezer Fdbrook (endorsed PhiU- 

Sarah Oflborn, both of Ball-Town. 
** Sept 29, 1791. — Mr. Benjamin Noice (endorsed Noyce), 

Miss Lois Turner, both of this town, 
** Dee. 31, 1791.^ — Mr. Isaac Davis. 

Miss Elizabeth Boy an ton, both of Ball-To WD. 
•* Jan, 24, 1792.— Thomas Palmer, of Pittj Town. 

Sarah ParsoDs, of this Town. 



Episcopal Records at JSloughton* 


New Coftk* — Man 28, 1792. — Mr. John Huchings, 

M'iB& Joatma Weeks, both of Sheepscut Pond. 
« Mar- 6, 1794— Mr. Jolin Bumforcl, 

(Mar. 6, '94).— Miss Polly AvereL 
« Dec 18, 1794.— Mr, Jaa)b Creesey. 

Bliss Pol ley Quigg, both of this town. 
« Dec. 27, 1794.— Mr, William Malcher. 

Mi&a Abigail Berstow, both of this Town, 
« Blar. 23, 1796.— Mr. Edward Parsons, of New Milford, 

(endorsed Pearson ), 
Miss Phebe Qnigg, of thia Town. 



[From a nmnascrlpt copy t» the pofitession of the N.-£. Hi^orlc Gtocalogica] Socletf .] 

These records were kept chiefly by the Kev. William Clark, a 
uiiseionary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel ia 
Foreign Parts* The original was formerly in the possession of the 
late Kev. Samuel B, Babcock, D.D., of Dedhamj Mass* 

May 29, 179L — Mary BeDgamitia Woodbridge of Abe! & Aaua Alleyne* 

Richard Lewis of Rebeeca C hauler. 

May 15, 1792*— Hariot Bradley Fulton born Nov. 6, 1789. 
August, 1792,- — Esther of John & Rebecca Sprague* 
Nov, 14, 1792* — Thomas Harhin of Abel & Anna Alley ne. 

Sept, 5, 1793. — Charles of and Rebecca Chanler. 

Aug. 24, 1794. — Sarah Hannah Boise of Abel and Anna Alleyne* 

June 23, 1794, — Clarisa of Jeremiah and Nancy Brown. 

Feb, 25, 1794, — Maria of Samuel and May Nickolson, 

July 29, 1794.— Nathan of Nathan & Ruth Kingsbury. 

July 25, 1794*— Joseph C* of David & Ruth Noyes. 

Mar. 8, 1795. — Elizabeth Delene of John and Rebecca Spragae and 

Lawrence of John and Rebecca Sprague, 
June 4, 1795, — John Martin of John and Jane Stafford. 
Aug. II, 1795, — ^Thomas of Thomas and Eunice Crehore and 

Eunice of Thomas and Eunice Crehore. 
Novt 8, 1795.— Tila of Josiah and Tila Hayden. 

George of Richard and Tila Clark. 

Lydia of Richard and Tila Clark* 
Apr* 7, 1796- — Martha Fisher of Nathan & Ruth Kingsbury. 
July 20, 1796*— Abel Dudley of Abel & Anna Alley ne, 
Nov. 8, 1795. — Tila Hay ward of Richard and Tila Clark (omitted abovej 

Aug. 21, 179G, — Elizabeth of and Rebecca Chauier, 

June 6, 1796* — Kata of Ezekiel & Mary Kingsbury. 

Daniel of Ejsekiel ainl Mary Kiugsbury. 

Exekiel of Ezekiel and Mary Kingsbury 
and Joel of Ezekiel & Mary Kingsbury. 

(To be ootMauM.J 


Letter of Rev. Jonathan Mayhew. 



^ CLARKE, 1765. 

Cotamanicated by Daxikl Dexison Sladb, M.D,, of Chestaut Hill* 

There mental freedom first her power dlaplaj'd 
And called a Mayhew to rell|<^1on'8 aid. 

For tht.s threat tnith» he boldly led the viiii» 
Tliat private Jiidij nurd was a right of man. 

Thb following letter from Dr, Jonathan Mjiyliew to Kichard 
Clarke t Esq*, waa recendy found among some uf my ancestral pa- 
pers. Il probably hue never been read by any beyond the immcdinte 
frnmily circle of him to whom it was addressed. It would certainly 
0€em unnecessary in this connection to give more than a pmsaing 
notice of the parties concerned, so well known muet they be to the 
generality of the readers of tlie Rbxsister. Dr, Jonathan Mnyhew 
waSf at the date of the letter, pastor of the West Cliurch in Boston. 
He waa admittetl by all to be a man of great sincerity and purity, 
as well na of boldness and independence in the expression of his 
Tiewa, The clergy of his day were generally friends of civil liberty, 
and Dr. May hew was one of the most ardent and active among 
tfaem. It was he that preached the famous sermon in 1750, on the 
Sabbath following the anniversary of the death of Charles I., which 
waa rery properly then called "the morning gun of the Revolution.'* 

The Sunday before the riots in August, 1765, caused by the 
arrival of the stamped papers, he preached from Galatiana v« 12, 13, 
**! would they were even cut off which trouble you. For brethren, 
ye have been called unto liberty ; only use not liberty for an occa- 
iioQ to the flesh ; but by love serve one another.*' It was at some 
expressions used in this discourse that Mr. Richard Clarke, one of 
his parishioners, took offence and afterward absented himself from 
the church, as shown by the letter here publislied* 

In 175d Dr. Mayhew was married to Elizabeth, daughter of John 
dark, Esq., of Boston, by whom he hud two children. His un- 
timely death at the age of 44, and in the 20th year of his ministry, 
was a severe lose to the cause of civil and religious liberty, as well 
as to bis immediate family and friends, and to his society who con- 
sidered his death as almost irreparable- One of hie cotemporaries 
in the ministry thus speaks of him : "Of a noble genius, acquainted 
with tlie best learning, a most laborious student, a polite writer, a 
siroiig defender of the rights and liberties of the state and church, 
and notwithstanding his different sentiments from me, I esteem him 
1 trtily pious, benevolent and useful man." 
Tou XLru 2 


Letter of Hev. Jonathan Mayhew* 


Bichard Clarke, eon of William and Hannah (Appleton) CJarke 
of Boston, Mass.,* and of a distinguished ancestry, was born 11 
May, 1711, graduated at Harvard College in 1729, established 
himself in Boston as a merchant, and was one of the consignees to 
whom the India Company consi^med some cargoes of tea, that occa- 
sioned 80 much trouble before the Kevolntion. May 3, 1 753, he married 
Elizabeth Winalow, a daughter of Isaac Winelow. He lived in 
School Street, opposite King's Chapel, and in consequence of the 
part he took in respect to the tea, became very obnoxious to the 
citizens of Boston, and his house was in the night attacked by a 
mob who broke his windows. In consequence of these troubles io 
1774 he went to Canada, and from thence to London, Here he 
lived with his 8on-in*law John Singleton Copley, the painter (who 
had also left this country), till his death in 1790, in hie 80th year. 
He was reported to be a man of great intelligence and worth, but 
like some others took side with the royal party in the civil contests 
of the day, and for his services, subsequently received a pension 
from the British government. He had several children. Of the 
daughters, Hannah married Henry Bromfield of Harvard, Sarab 
married Charles Startin and lived in New York and Philadelphia- 
Elizabeth married a Mr. Barrett, and Susannah married Copley the 
artist, — passing their early years in a bouse on Beacon Street, which 
stood on the site of the present Somerset Club House, being the 
more westerly of the two houses which stood on the Copley estate, 
according to the beet evidence which I have. His son Isaac W» 
Clarke removed to Canada, became there commissary general, mar- 
ried twice and died in Montreal in 1817, at the age of 81, 

Boston, Sept. 3, 1765. 
Dear Sm, 

I waa twice at yonr House one evening last week. Tlte first time, I 
perceived you was much offended with me oa Ace' of a Sormou which I 
preached the Lord*B day preceeding. The second time, by your declining 
to give rae your advice* wiiich 1 aaked, about putting something which I had 
written, iu the public prints, relating to that very unhappy Affair, I concluded 
in my own mind, that you was determined wholly to break with me, and 
to leave the meeting. This, which was then but a conjecture, seems to be 
put beyond doubt, by your absence, and that of your whole family, the last 
Lord*8 d:iy, and your going to other meetings ; as you and they had doubt- 
leas good right to do, either then or before, if you thought proper. 

It Wtts my determination, when I tirat settled in the miuistry, never to 
invite any one to Ixi my Hearer, who had not been so, or to request any 
one to return, who had forsaken my ministry, after having bad experience 
of it In this resolution I still remain tixed, as a reasouabla one for any 

• The Iflte Jonathan Pecle Dnbney, A.M., \n an article on ^'Graduiitci of H&rrard 
origlimtliig from Salem" \n the Reoisteh/toL t, page 40, erroneously calla Riclwrd 
Clurke a son of Francis Clarke. Among the children of Francis Clarke of Salem^ its givon 
bj Henry F- Waters, A.M., in thu CoJIection of the Eaecx It)stitnt«, roh !§, poge 270, lt« 
name of William ia Qot fouud.^EDiToii. 


Leittr of Rev, Jonathan Mayhew> 


mu)i0t«r» at leaat in this town, wbere people liave each a variety to chuse 
out of. accordiog to their own inditrntion or oonveuience. But Btill I tliink 
mjBelf bouud as a chrmtiau, as far as lam able, when any one wLo was 
oooa a brother, is offeudeil with me, to remove the gromid of his uneasi* 
naa, and to give htm ail the saliafactioii iu my power; that so, if a re<:oi]^ 
cUiatioD does not ensue, I may have no just cause to blame myself for the 
oontiuuaiice of the alienation. 

It is with this view, Sir, that I now write to you* I readily acknowl^ 
edge, what 1 was not so well aware of before, that it was a very uiifortu- 
aaie time to preach a sermon, the chief aim of which was to »buw the im- 
portance of Liberty, when people were before so generally apprehensive of 
thde danger of losing it. They certainly needed rather to be moderated and 
pacified, than the contrary: And I would freely give all that I have in 
the world, rather than have preached that sermon ; tho' I am Wi^ll assnredi 
it was yery generally liked and commended by the hearers at the time of it. 

The case was this : I had in company, before^ often heard the ministers 
of this town in general blamed for their silence in the cause of liberty, at 
a time when it was almost universally supposed, jis it still ts» that our cx)m- 
aum liberties and rights, as British subjects, were in the most imminent 
danger. They were called cowards, and the like. And I had myself, for 
weeka, cay, for months before Aug. 25, been solicited by different persons 
lo preach upon that subject, as one who was a known friend to liberty ; and 
was in some measure reflected upon, as not having that good c^iu^se duly at 
heart, at this important crisis. This was a reproach, which I knew not 
well bow to bear; and this, however itieutTicient a reason it might be, was 
yet the true reason of my preaching the sermon aforesaid ; and dropping 
tome cursory hints relative to the same point, in one or two discourses that 
pfeeeeded it. You well know, Sir, the general temper of the town, Prov- 
ioee, mud all the colonies, then and now, respecting the Stamp- act. And 
tho' I do not by any means justify the expediency of preaching on the sub- 
ject at all* which I now think was very ill judged ; yet candid persons will 
make tome allowance for me, if I was too far carried away with the com- 
mmn eorrent So much for the expediency, or rather inexpediency, of 
preaching at all upon the subject at that time. 

As to the sermon itself, I own it was composed in a hit^h strain of 
liberty; tho*, I humbly conceive, not higher than is warranted by the 
principles of the glorious revolution; one part of it being considered in its 
proper conuexioo with another ; tho', very probably, there might be some 
ii&|»roper de unguarded expressions in it. But certain I am, that no per- 
flon eould, without abusing & perverting it, take encouragement from it to 
^ to mobbing, or to commit such abomi liable outrages as were lately com- 
milted^ in defiance of the laws of God and man. I did, in the most formal, 
eJtpreea maimer, discountenance everything of that kind. And here 1 shall 
lake the liberty to lay before you two or titree extracts of the said sermon, 
whichf possihly, you might not particularly attend to at the time, having 
your thoughts much engage<l on other matters. Speaking of the nature of 
civil liberty, I expressed myself in the words following : 

** Civil liberty supposeth men to be united together in civil society, or a 

"^ :)]itic; since they who continue in that, which is usually called a 

nature, can with no propriety be said to enjoy civil liberty* 

; uipposeth also, that meu, for the sake of common good, and mutual 

itj, give up some part of their natural liberty, or the right which they 

liare in a state of nature, to act as they please, each individual for himself. 



Letter ofJIev. Jonathan May hew. 


" It fiupfvoseth the restraint of laws, some persons to govern, and some to 
be governed. For people do not enjoy civil liberty, where each individual 
does what h right in his own eves, without any regard to law, or the opin* 
ions c% rights of others. This is a state of anarchy & confu8ioii ; as diiitant 
from a state of civil lihery as slavery itself, in which it often, indeed, termi- 
nates, one extreem leading to another, seemingly the most opposite to \L" 

Afterwards, in eiplaiuiug that clause of the t«xt — ** Only use not liberty 
for an occasion of the flesh/* I eji pressed myself as follows — 

** They ose lilierty for an occasion of the flesh, who, under color or pre- 
text of liberty, deny the God that is above, or reject & blaspheme the true 
religion. For how free soever men may be, they are not without law to 
God, but under the law to Christ. 

*'Tbey use liberty for an occasion to the flesh, who, under color of it, 
allow themselves in the practice of fleshly lusts^ or in any immoral & sinfal 
actions : No man having any right to do what is wrong & evil, contrary to the 
express law of God, or the law & light of nature; which are obligatory 
upon all men. 

** They use liberty for an occasion to the flesh, who, under oolor of it, 
disregard the wholesome laws of Society, made for the preservation of y^ 
order, and common good thereof. 

"They use liberty for an f>ccasion to the flesh, who causelessly & mali- 
ciously speak evil of their rulers; endeavoring to make thera appear odioua 
or contemptible, or to weaken their influence, and proper authority, in their 
several stations, 

** Still more do they use liberty for an occasion to the flesh, who cause 
factions or insurrection against the go%*ernment, under which they live, and 
who rebel against, or resist their lawful rulers, in the due discharge of liieif 
oflices. We ought to be subject, not only for wrath, or for fear of the 
wrath of man, but also for coucieuce sake. For government was instituted 
by God for the good of man. For this cj*use pay we tribute also, because 
civil rulers are the ministers of God to us for good, attending coutiuually 
upon this very thing* We are hound to render unto Caesar the things that 
are C]psar*s, as well as to God the things that are his. Tliey therefore, 
who rebel & resist, as aforesaid* resist the ordinance of Gt>d: And the 
apostle saith, the}* shall receive to themselves damnation.'* 

Let me farther remind yf>u, 8ir, that after mentioning the suspicions of 
many, that some j>er8oiis in the colonies had encourage*!, and been instru- 
mental of bringing upon us, so great a burden & grievance, for the sake of 
present gain ; 1 subjoined these identical words— •' But this I would chari- 
tably hope is not true." And all that followed, concerning men who could 
be so mercinary as to ruin their country, for the sake of posts tSc profits, 
was mere hyjK>thelical ; for I did not at all give it as my opinion, thai 
there were actually any such persons in the colonies. 

Let me also remind you, that towards the close of ray Sermon, speaking 
of our grievances, I said — ^" But let not us, my brethren, uj^e liberty for an 
occasion to the flesh, or u&e any method, for the defence of our rights de 
privileges, besides those which are honest & honourable. Within these 
restrictions & limitations let us do all in our power,'* &c. And the Sermon 
ended with an ardent wish, that we and all his Majesty^s subjects, ** thro*out 
his extended duminion, might lead quiet & peaceable lives in all godliness 
& honesty/' 

Now, however ardent expressions a man might use in favor of civil 
Ubertyi and against oppression & tyranny; yet if they are thoB guarded <& 


Letter ofliev, Jonathan Mayhew. 


qoalified in the samd dUcourse, aod (>6op1e are so particularly cautioned 
against using liberty for an occafiion to the flesb, it is humbly coiicetved lEie 
aathor ought io commoo justice to be acquitted » as do eucourager of moba 
and riota. 

But aa I foand that some persons besides your&elf bad, thro' mistake, 
and others through malice, represented my discourse hi that odious light j 
aod some, for their owu euds, seemed disposed to make such a use of it as 
WIS remote from my tlioughts, yea, as I bad most expressly & formally 
goarded against; I thought it a duty iucumbetit upon me to exculpate my- 
•ell ID the most open & solemn manner. This I did the last Lord*s day, 
as probably you have heani ; and did it so effectually, that I understand 
maDj persODS are now highly displeased with me, as if I were a favourer of 
the stamp-act; of which I have still, however, the same opiiniou that I ever 
bad, as a great grievance; in opposition to which, k is incumbent upon us 
to do everything in our power, within euch r&j*triction3 aa I had mentioned 
in my ftrst discourse referred to. I still love liberty as much as ever; hut 
have apprebenfiions of the greatest inconveniences likely to folfofv on a 
£orce&ble, violent opposition to an act of parli:i(uent; which I consider, in 
WOme aort, as proclaiming wur against Great Britain* These are the Sen- 
timeifcU of my soul, which I more particularly declared the last Lord's day, 
in the fear of God, and with the deepest concern for the welfare of ray 
country, and all the Britiab Colonies, at this most alarming Crisis which 
they have ever known, whether they do or do not submit to said act 
What the end of these things will be, God only knows. To him 1 lift up 
my sotil for the common good, the public welfare. 

Thus I have laid open my heart to you in this respect, tho' in a very 
hasty &, 1 fear, confused manner; for 1 have not time to revise & correct, 

I will not take leave of you, sir, without heartily thanking you for your 
repeated favors and kindnesses in times past, and expresj^ing my ardent 
wishes for the best of Blessings upon you and your family, for wliich I 
have ever had a sincere and great Regard, considering it as one principal 
ornament of the Society, to which my poor services have been devoted. 
Farticalarly I beseech almighty Go^l mercifully to Regard thut excellent 
woman, Mrs. Clark, in her present low and declining condition; aud to 
manifest his favor to her according to her present circumstances, I am 
persuaded her death, which, by wltat I bear, seems not far distant, will ba 

fun to her; tho' the loss will be exceeding great to you & your children. 
beseech God to prepare you and them for so sad an hour, to support you 
in it, and cause all things to work together for good to you «& them. Be 
pleased to remember me and Mrs May hew very kindly and respectfully to 
her: For we have both the most sincere regard for her, and syrapftthy with 
you and yours, in this day of trouble. I pray God to make us all wiser S& 
better by all that occurs to us in this varying & troublesome world ; and 
finally to bring us to rejoice together in a better, notwithstiiuding any un- 
happy differencea which have, or may arise between us here. 

I am, Dear Sir, 

With sincere respect, 
Your Friend & Humble Serv* 

J. Mathew* 

p-a Sr, 

One thing which I Intended to mention to you, I had forgot in ray haste. 
When I last saw you, you intimated that you was displeased with a pas- 
Mge in one of my sermons the Lord's day preceding Aug* 25. Had you, 
rou XL VI. 2* 

20 William Hunter Odell. [Jan- 

Sir, been so kind and fiiendlj to me, as to give me a hint of this the next 
week, and to advise me against saying any thing relating to that matter in 
any future discourse; so much regard have I for your judgment, that to 
me it appears highly probable, that it would entirely have prevented mj 
preaching the other Sermon. And I beg you to consider, whether it 
would not have been at least as christian a part in you, to have given me 
such an hint, which I should have taken in friendship, as on a sudden to 
leave the meeting with your whole family, which you cannot but be sensi- 
ble will, at such a juncture, be a great hurt, I do not say injury, to me. I 
hope my saying this will give you no offence, which is far from my design 
therein : But I think it is not unworthy of your consideration. 

I am. Dear Sir^ 
as before, 

Yours &c. J. M. 


By RuFUB Kino, Esq., of Yonkere, N. T. 

Hon. William Hunter Odell, mcraber of the Senate of the 
Dominion of Canada, from the Province of New Brunswick, died at 
Halifax, N. S., July 26, 1891, aged seventy-nine. His ancestry 
may be given as follows : 

Mr. William' Odell, the founder of the family in this country, 
was of English ancestry.* He came to New England in the early 
part of the seventeenth century, probably in company with the Rev. 
Peter Bulkeley, who was rector of the Parish of Odell, in Bedford- 
shire, England, in 1620. Mr. Odell settled at Concord, Mass., 
where his name appears in the town records as early as 1639. He 
removed to Fairfield, Conn., about 1644, where he became the 
owner of a considerable estate, and died in 1676. 

His will, proved at Fairfield, June 6 of that year, mentions : 
sons, William and John, daughter Rebecca Moorehouse, daughter- 
in-law Mary Odell, and others, and disposes of lands held in Con- 
cord and Fairfield. (Schenck's History of Fairfield.) 

John* Odell, Sen.', of Fairfield, eldest son of William preceding, 
was made freeman in 1664 by the General Assembly; in 1666, in 
behalf of his father William Odell, he joined with Francis Hall in a 
deed of partition; in 1673 and 1682, he received grants of land 
from the town of Fairfield ; in 1697, he was a member of the Church 
in Stratfield, and in 1707 made will appointing wife, Mary, Execu- 
trix. (Fairfield Probate Records, 1702-50.) 

Ensign Samuel* Odell, of Stratfield, was born March 16, 
1677 ; in 1700, he received deed of land from his father John Odell, 
Sen. ; in 1722, he was commissioned Ensign by the General 

♦ Harvey's History of Willey Hundred, Bedfordshire, p. 346. 

William Hunter OdclL 



AMembly ; in 1727, his estate was ad in mistered on by Jcmnnah 
And Samuel Odell, with inventory mentioning widow, Deborah, 
John Odell and others as npp raisers. (Fairfield IVoliate, 1724-41). ) 

JoHN^ Odell, of Stratfield, in 1730 called son of Ensign Samuel 
Odell, deceased, removed to Connecticut Farms, N. J., and married 
Temperance, daughter of Rev. Jonathan Dickinson, first President 
of the College of New Jersey ; in 1750, he made will, proved June 28, 
tame year, mentioning son JonHthan Odell and other children, and 
ftppointing wife, Temperance, with Jonatlian Sergeant and Timothy 
Whitehead executors* (Trenton, N.J, Probate Records, voL E, 
p. 435.) 

Rev. Jonathan* Odell, A.M., of Frederictoo, N, B,, the 
noted loyalist, was born Sept* 25, 1737, in Newark, N. J. ; in 
1754, he was graduated at the College of New Jersey, and studied 
medicine, but afterward becnme an Episcopal clergyman ; in 17 67, 
he was rector of St. Anne's (Jburcli, in Burlington, N. J. He wa» 
rominent during the war of the Revolution for his sympathy with 

gland, and was joint author of the '^^ Loyal Verses of Stansbury 
id OdelL^ In 1772, he married Miss Anne Da Coti, wfjo sur- 
Tived him. At the close of the war, he removed to Fredericton, 
N, B., where he was made Secretary of the Province, and held 
many other responsible offices under the Crow^n. He died Nov. 25, 
1818, leaving one son, William Franklin, and three daughters* 

Hon. William Franklin" Oukll, of Fredericton, N. B., wa» 
born Oct. 19, 1774, in Burlington, N. J, In 1812, he succeeded 
his father as Provincial Secretary of New Brunswick; in 1817, he 
waa engaged in the location of the boundary line between New 
Brunswick and the United States under the Treaty of Ghent. He 
married Elizabeth, daughter of the Rev. Dr. Elisba and Sarah 
(Cooke) Newell of Allentownj N. J. Mrs. NewelTa father wa« 
the Rev* Samuel Cooke, U.D., sometime rector of the church at 
Shrev^'sbury, N. J*, and afterwards at Fredericton. Mr. Odell died 
Dec. 25, 1844, leaving four sons and fuur daugliters. 

Hon. William Huntek^ Odell, of Halifax, N. S., eldest sou 
of William Franklin, preceding, and the subject of this memoir^ 
wa« bom in Fredericton, N. B,, Nov, 2G, 1811. He was educated 
at King's College — now the University of New Brunswick — Fred- 
ericton, and g^raduated in the class of 1832. He studied law and 
waa called to the bar in 1838, when he was appointed clerk of the 
Supreme Court of New Brunswick. He ret«i*4ned this office the 
lame year, on Ijeing made Deputy Provincial Secretary, Registrar 
and Clerk of the Executive Council. In 1847, Mr* Odell was a 
judge of the Court of Common Pleas ; in 1850, he was made a 
member of the Legislative Council of New Brunswick by Royal 
Warrant ; in 1865, on the formation of what was know as the Anti- 
Confederate Government, he was appointed member of the Executive 
Council and Postmaster General, remaining in office until the resig* 


Letters of OoL Th&mas IVestbrook and othern* [Jan. 

nation of the government the next year ; in May, 1867, he waa 
called to the Dominion Senate by royal prochimation, and for twenty* 
four years was a member of that honorable body. 

Mr, Odell married Elizabeth Ann, daughter of the Hon, William 
B. Bliss, Judge of the Supreme Court of Nova Scotia; she survivea 
him together with one son, an officer in the Engtish army, and three 
daughters. Mr, Odell, in addition to his property in Halifax, was 
the owner of a considerable estate at Fredericton, called '^Rook- 
wood," where the writer, a kinsman of his, had the pleasure of 
meeting him several years ago. This interview resulted in a very 
pleasant correspondence later on, and the communication of many 
interesting genealogical facts, which have been availed of in the 
preparation of this memoir. 

Mr. Odeirs career was a long and useful one, both in public and 
private life ; his quiet and retiring disposition prevented his taking 
a very active part in political debate, but his wide and varied ex- 
perience and excellent judgment were highly valued by his colleagues* 
Though Mr, Odell's life had reached nearly four score years, he had 
none of tlie infirmities of old age and was exceptionally active and 
vigorous. His death was entirely unlocked for. He had only re- 
cently reached home from Ottawa, apparently in excellent health, 
and had expected to return thither in a few days. He was, how- 
ever, seized with a sudden and fatal illnesB on Saturday, July 25, 
and the next afternoon passed peacefully away. The announcement 
of his death was received by the Senate at Ottawa, with many ex- 
pressions of surprise and sorrow, and resolutions of sympathy were 
offered by hia associates at the session of Parliament held on July 29. 

Mr. Odell was, in his church relation, an Episcopalian ; hia 
funeral took place on Thursday, July 30, and his remains were in- 
terred in Camp Hill Cemetery. 






Comnmnicated Uy WitWAn Blake Trabk, A^M.^ of Dorchesusr, 

[CoDtinned from toL xIy* page 271.1 

Honourable Sir, 

In Pursuance of your honours orders for Impressing <& Detaching 
25 men for the service Eastward, I islined out my warrants for the Impres* 
sing of til em out of the 66 ve rail Companies under my Command, luid 
Delivered the b^ meu to CapL Peuhallow. But since tlie detaching of them 
I have been Informed that there were some impressed in Dartmouth who 
failed of Complyance with tlie Law, iti that they neither payed their money 
nor ajipeared at the place of Rendavous by tlieir Capts i Appointed, Tow 
of which have been by their Capts : prosecuted & are Committed to Goal 

] Zeiters of Col, Thomas Westlrook and others, 23 

bj Mittimus frooi Mr. Justice Pope. Ooe of them no body pities or is 
Coacemed for, the other I am apt to think h Jiiatlj imprisoneil AccordiDg 
to the strictness of the Law. However his Circumstances are such that if 
your honour see Cause to Discharge him from Goal and order that he be 
Ttmdj to attend the next time there shall be oceastou for Detaching of men 
Erom Ma R^gtmeut, I shall take it as a favour from your honour; his name 
Gabriel Hix, and belongs to Capt: Conmela Company. It would be 
troublefeome to your honour to say all that I mitrht, why I pray for his 
Discharge. All that I shall offer is, y* his l>eing Continued will be of no 
lenrice to y* Government, & his Liberty will be very advantageous to him, 
la Expectation of lleceiveing your honours Commands relating thereunto 
I rest. 

Bristol [R. L], August 5* 1724. Your Honours most 

obedient humble servant, 

Moss. Arch. 52: 26. Hen : McIntosb, 



I have rec*. your sev" Letters respecting M' Banes Engagement, 

the March of the Forces to Kennebeck River, and am well satisfied with 
Dispatch you have given to that Affair. There being such a Number 
of Troops in your Frontier, I have determined they sh"* be employed (after 
the Marches to Norridgewock are over) on an E)Cj>edition to Penobscot <& 
the Sea Coast in those Parts, & therefore after a proper time allowed for 
the SoWiers Refreshm^you are to proceed at the Head of them» your self, to 
Peoobnoot tSc other Places to tlie East* where it is likely to meet the Enemy, 
in order to w^'^'you are to gett y* better luteligence possible, «& to project the 
{MU-ticuIar Circumstances of this Atf^iir, Sc send to the Trcas*^ to furnish you 
with ^yery Thing necessjiry, & Let me know your Thoughts immediately 
Qpon it, that so there may be no Delay. 

[Instrucliona in the hand writing of Secretary Willard.] 

Ma». Ajch. 52 : 27. 

May it pleaae your Honour, 

Cap*" Harmon arrived this day with the Fryars and Twenty Six 
Scalps more from Norridgewock, and brought Bombazees Squaw and three 
more Indian CaptiveSi retook three English boys; he Informes a great 
Dumber of Indians are comeing on our frontier, sundry from Canada and 
Two Hundred from Penobscutt; for a more account I refer to him. They 
kite tikkeu Leiu* ICenadys Coat at Norridgewock, who re^iided at Saint 
Gmrgc^^ which makes us doubt they have taken the garrison. I am sending 
CWp** Sanders in his Sloop strongly guarded to that plao^, awl am likewise 
ditpatching orders to all the frontiers to be strict on their guard* Cap' 
H&mion and the officers Judge that by the modestest ComputHtion, besideB 
the Scalps and Captives they brought in, what they kllFd and drownded, 
there wouhl not be less then thirty or forty. God has now been pletiiiM to 
Crown your Honours unwearied Endeavours with supcess^ which I desire 
to rejoyce at, I hope y' Honour will smile on Cap*^" Harmon and favour 
turn with a Commission for a feild officer. I am your Honours most 

Dutiful Humble Servant, 
Ptlju* Aog> 18*»* 1724. Too' Wkstbrook. 

I have Imprest M' Dakes Scooner to convey Cap* Harmon to Boston. 

Maift, Arch. 52: 34. 


Letters of Col. Thomas Weatbrook and others* [Jan* 

May it Please yoar Honour, 

I received your loatmctiona datetl the 25^*" Curr* on the 28**^ Ins* 
and ah all put them in Execution Immediately* I hope the Hostage will 
Pilott US through from Kennebeek to Penobsciit, which will be the best 
way to get to their Town undiscovered. As to Bombazeens widdow I have 
examined her and she knows little or nothing about the Peuob&cut tribe, 
and is so sick she is not able to travel. My advice to the Inhabitiinta and 
orders to the officers has always been not to go out with less than Fifteen 
or Eighteen men or more, as the occasion may require, but the Inhabitants 
are so ohatiuate they will go out not above Two or three at a time Two or 
Three miles from their garrisons if they cannot all have a guard in one day, 
and the Officers of the Militia in each town do not take any cure to regulate 
them, they refuse to help in watching in their garrisous at night where the 
Soldiers are but two or Three especially the Inhabitants at Perpooduck 
Point. I acquainted them it was your Hon" orders, but they refused to 

There lies this difficulty with me which I can't tell how to get over, Vlx*. 
Wee must leave a strong guard, with our Whale boats up Kennebeek 
River, lest wee should not get through and be obliged to return, neither are 
wee able (in Case wee should get through) to leave a sufficient number of 
men to bring back the boittes to Richmond without weakening the Army too 
much to pursue the march, besides, it will be of absolute necessity to have 
Eome hoates on our return, with the Sloops, at the mouth of Penobscutt 
River, to search after the vessels taken from the Subjects of this Province, 
w** wee cannot have unless y* Sloops bring some with them from Boston, 
or unless your Honour will please to send Fifty men more for the above men- 
tionf'd designes* Wee must have Two Doz'* of falling axes to make either 
Rafts or Canoes to get from the JIairi to the Island where the Indians live, 
and those men that have the charge of the Axes must have Pistols sent 
them, they not being able to carry their guns. Packs and Axes ; there is 
wanting Thirty or Forty Fire locks for the men already in tke Service 
which must be sent Immediately* I shall not be able to get the men so soon 
as my orders direct, to Richmond, by reason I sent a Company to releiva 
Georges and Intercept the Enemy there, and they are in quest of them now 
by the verbal Ace* I had brought me this day from Cap^ Sanders who is 
Just come to Richmond from thence and brought a Captive Leiu* Kenady 
redeemed, as y*" Hon'' will see by the Enclosed, which is a verba! ace* I 
receivM from one of my Sarj*" whom I sent Express to Cap* Heath and 
who met Stiunders going to Richmond, from whom he had the Information. 

When I had ordered the men to Scout at Saint Georges I ha*l thought 
y* army would have movM that way. Here being only Docter Bullman 
that is Capable of marching with us, and he being very much fatigued I 
must entreat your Honour to send another Docter down to march, that he 
may have some respite. 

I am your Hon" moat dutifnll Hum^^ Serv*. 
Tho' Westbrook* 

P.S* I pray your Honours to excuse every thing amiss, for I have been 
writing and dispatching orders from sun rise till Nine a Clock this night, to 
y* my brains is quite Addled. 

Mass. Arch. 52: 39, 40. 

1892.] Letters of Col. Thomas Weatbrook and others. 25 


CoU" Westhrooks Packett la enough to make any one Sick. What 
Hee has done all ready « as well as what Hee further insists on, seems to tend 
directlj to Confound our hopeful 1 designs. What Hee sayes of a Strong 
Guard for His Whale boat is a mere jest, 10 men is sufficient for that. 
What Number of Men Can Hee expect to see there at this time when 
Hee expects so many at Penohscott. TJiose 10 Men with the Whale boaUi 
May have a Commanication with Richmond Forts & Can*t bee better 
Imploy'd then by lying at such a Pass to intercept a Smal Scout of the 
Enimye. It was Impossible to express in more strong termes My orders, 
abo?e all things, that Wee should make no delay, & yett Hee seems to have 
no Idea of it. For My part I Will write do more to Him; it's an unac- 
ooantable thing, that, without orders, Hee should send away a Number of 
Men to S* Georges. I allwayes intended a March to Penobscott as soon a0 
the Forces ahould be return 'd from Norridgewaik, & therefore would not 
hearken to any thing that Could prevent it. Pray Communicate this Letter 
to the Bord, this Day, & write a Line to Westbrook that Hee make no 
farther Delay & thereby liuine this Project if phas it bee not all ready 
Frustrated by Intelligence gott to the Enimye, & Lett Him give such 
orders to His People about Georges, if necessary, if it be not done allready, 
6t if Hee don't Incline to go, Lett Harmon take the Comniand.* The 
PistoUd, Axes, & Guns, you Say, are Ready, Pray Coll** Fitch to gett the 
mfiii on Bord & Lett the Vessell Sail to Night or in y' Morning. 

Coll** Weatbrook sends a long Story of New Projections to Amuse us ; 
they May bee put to the Tryall in the Winter p hapji when we have nothing 
Else to do, but now is the time to finde them in their Planting gronnds for 
tbo' they may have gathered their Corne by this, they have not had time 
to dry it & Carry it away, & an old settlement is not suddenly broak up <& 
quite deserted. 

If the Councill are of opinion to Stop Winnett & all other Annapolia 
tesaells for two or three days it shall be doue. 

Lett' from the L* Gov^ Y" W. Dummer. 

to the Secry* 

[Endorsed :J 

Mem. Arch. 52: 41, 42. Sept 1, 1724, 

Falm^ Sept. y* S"^ 1724. 
May It Please your Hon', 

By a vessell Bound to Boston* I Take Leave of Obeying your 
Hon" Commands in Sending My Comission. Your Hon' was pleiised to 
tel) me that you'd alter and send another To me. I Hearty ly Congratulate 
with y** S^ In The Success your Troops has obtained over the Enemy. 
So may you prosper in ail y' UndVtakina For the general good of your 
Government Is and shall always be the Prayer of y' 

Hon" Most DntifuU & Ohedient_ 

Serv* att Cooiand, 
We have no Indian News here. John Ghat. 

Mass* Arch. 52: 43. P. S. My hum''^'* Service To your Lady. 

* This i«, fipparrntly , tho first Instance, In the progrew of these l<;ttcr8 nnd documents, 
Iq whit^h Gov. Dummer D«es Innguajrc of siicb ti strcni^ character a« the fllioTe^ in regard to 
CoL Wc»tljruok, or the propriety of his miliinry siht^mes and measores. In the kttcr 
wiiicll fallows this, It \v\U be seen that the tailvr endeavors to justify himself in relfttion 
to htmng un iodep«udent project of hi^ own, nnd douht« not that lie ean easily atitbfy the 
Governor aa to the coDsislency and wisdom of the course b&-^oU Weatbrook^hod adopted. 

26 Letters of Ool. Thomas Westbrook and others. [Jan. 

May it please your Hon', 

I received your Hon" two letters not before the Seventh of this 
In*^. One was dated the 28^ of August & the other the 1^ of Sept wheron 
your Honour blames me for haveing a project of my own. I do assure your 
Hon' my letter of the 28*** was in obedience to your Hon" order to me, in 
your letter of the 6'** of Aug** and was wrote the day before my Instructioa 
came, and if it should please God that I should return from this marchf I 
doubt not but I shall be able to satisfy your Hon' that I have not delayed 
any time. Cap* Slocum arriv'd the 7^ Curr* with 24 fierlocks w®*^ was not 
as many as wee wanted and sundry necessarys as Blanketts, shoes, stockius 4eo 
which the men could not march before they had y" ; as to the boates I did not 
expect any for this Expedition, but have swept all garrisons dean of their 
old boates they had to fetch their provision and have been mending them 
night & day ever since I received your Hon" orders. I most be obliged to 
send up part of the body first and a party of them to bring back the boates. 
I hope wee shall be on the march near y* time I wrote in my last. 

I am your Hon" most 
Falm* Sept. 8*^ 1724. Obed* Humb* Serv*. 

Tho' Westbrook. 

P. S. I did not receive your Hon" letter of the 6*^ of August till y* 27** 
of the Same Month by the hands of Cap' Gray. 
Mass. Arch. 52: 44. 

Dated about 6 miles up Kennebeck river, on Dummers Island, in grape 
street, Just by the great fish Market. 

Sept 12* 1724. 
May it please y' Hon', 

Wee sent up part of the army on the 9*** Currant not haveing 
Boates enough to carry us up all at once, and arrived with the army here 
the ll*'^ of this Instant where wee are detain*d by many matters. As soon 
as the weather will gmit wee shall be diligent on our march, which I desire, 
and hope will answer your Hon" Expectations. I ordered the Sloops to 
besent [to] Penobscut in fourteen days from the 11**^ of this Instant. 

I am your Hon" most 

dutifull & Humble Serv^ 

Tho' Westbrook. 

P. S. Written by the pure blood of the grape gathered on Dummeri 

Mass. Arch. 52: 44 


Having lately seen your protection Commission to Sebastian 
Ralle, I thought it a proper ocation, once more, to write to you and to acquaint 
you that the Norrigawalke & Penobscott Indians are by long & often 
repeated submission the undoubted subjects of the King of Great Brittain, 
who also living in his Territory they Cannot bee any otherwise accounted 
your Alleyes then by virtue of the Allyances between the Crownes of great 
Brittain & France, & that, therefore, you ought not to Concerne your selfe 

• ThoQgh Bomewhnt faded, after the lapse of 167 years since it was penned, the original 
of ttwaboTe letter is in a fair, readable conditioa. ^ 

1892.] Letters of Voh Thomas Westhrooh and others. 


in their affaires, withoat My P'mission, & I catinot but esteem it an open 
Tiobtion of the Treaty of Peace & Allyaace our Masters have entred into, 
for yoa to Commissionate tbeni to reside amounghst them, and you might as 
well prel<end thaty** Protection is sutficieut to justify those of y** Religirm in 
Committing the most flagrant Acts of violence & Hostility in any other Parts 
of liiU Govern m*. Whatever disputes there may bee between us & those 
Indiaiia Concerning the bounds of that Couutryj it does not belong to yoa 
to engage your selfe in their quarrel!, but rather to assist us to reduce them 
to obedience when it shall bee desired ; but, instead of that, I am sorry wee 
mtisi Charge you with havirig animated them together, *& others Salvages 
onder your owne Govenitnenu to Fall in the most outrageous Manner upoa 
the Subjects of the King of great Brittaine in all Farts of the Frontiers of 
these His Plantations. I must also add, that I have many assurances that 
the Indians would have long since made their hubmiBsion hud they not beeu 
•timiiUted by your P'swations, & incorag'd by the protection & rewards 
TOO have given them. However, I doubt not, but Ere this, they are sensi- 
ble of the rtiine thtit is like to fall upon them if they P'sist any longer in 
iheif Hostitityea; wherefore, I Resolved, ugaine, to Recornend to you the 
Ipod dispositions that ought to be Cultivated between the Respective 
Govertiours of the Two Crownes that are so strictly united m Friendship 
& interest, that no inconveniences or Jealousys may Arrise by our unequal 
Conduct here, & that you'l give no furtlier ocation for these distigreeable 
remonstrances, but rather use your influence to iricline the Sulvages to a 
Peace; And I think it proper, further, to acquaint you, that wee have 
hitherto restrained our Indian Allyes who have exprefssed great inclioations 
to revenge the Injurys done us upon those whoe al>etted our Enimyes, but 
are not sure wee shall be any longer able to do so, unless a Spe4y stop be 
made to such practises* 

Endorsed — ** L* Govern" Lett* to Mons^'Veaudreuil," Governor of Canada^ 
•*Sept 15"» 1724." 

Mw.Ardi. 52:48, 49. 

I hope tbis will meet you safe arrived at Falmouth after a suc- 
Ottsfitl Campaign. 

Upon Sight hereof you must forthwith dismiss Cp^ Browues Comp* of 
lodiaos 4p send them hither in one of the Sloops, That so they may lose no 
Time for Following the Whale Fishery, W**" is agreable to my Promise 
ttade to them at Enlisting* Let Cp' Brown come with ihem to see them 
•afe reiurii'd. 

You must send a Party of fresh Men that have staid at Home, in the 
Garrisons, consisting of tifty or sixty effective Soldiers to make one more 
risit to ^f or ridge wock Ames^conts & Parts adjacent near K€nnel>eck & 
Atteresooggin Rivers in Order to surprise y" Enemy It being probable 
the Corn It^ft in those Parts or the Hunting may have been drawn thither 
lome of the Indians that escaped at Nor ridge week The other Captains 
being probably fatigued w*^ y' past Marches. Let Cp^ Heath have the 
C'Omoiand of them dc send with him other proper Officers <& Pilots. Let 
Affair E>e proceeded in as soon as possible* 
[L* Gov^ Dummer to Co* Westbrook*] 

Mast* AiY^h. 52:52. 


S8 Letters of CoL Thomas Westhrook and others. [Jan* 

Maj it pleasa yoar Hon\ 

Wee have got through the body of the Coo n try from Richmond 
to Penohsctit River, but either by the willfuIJiieas or Ignorance of the Pilot 
he brought us uear Fifty miles below the iDdiane vUlages when wee came 
into our Knowledge, Wee travel'd up the river as high as the falls where 
there was a large Kiver to CroRs, here wee found the fre*.hettfl very high by 
reason of the late rain The army not haveing more thau three or four 
days Provision sundry men haveing lost their bread in wadeing the rivera 
as I acqiiaiiited in ray last of the 20*'^ Currant, and sundry men much Iudia> 
pos'd ; it was likewise Judged that wee could not march to their village and 
back to the falls where the Sloops were to meet us in less then Eight or 
Nine days, whereon wee desisted and waited for the Sloops they not l>eing 
come, was obliged to go down the Fliver in quest of them and verily believe 
had not wee found two Indian Canooa and sent four brisk men to look for 
them some of the men would have perisht before we could have got to them, 
but the men found them and brought up some boates in which wee got ta 
them, and the freshet run so strong they could not possibly get up the river- 
Coll'' Harmon, Cap^ Moulton, Cap* Wentworth and sundry other officers 
are so much Indisposed that I am obliged to lat them go home. I shall stay 
with the well part of the Army and search the rivers and Sea Coves WeU 
before I come off. The officers all desier to go to Boston to make up their 
Kolla, and there is a great necessity that Cap' M out ton and Cap* Bourn go, 
their accounts lying very Intricate, I desire your llon"^ Care to make up 
my Roll* 

Sep* 28^ 1724. I am your Hon" most 

dutifull Humb^ Serv* 

Mass* Arch. 52 : 52. Tuo* Wkstbrooe. 

Richmond, Octo*^ 7"^ 1724. 
Honourable S', 

Having Your Honours Permission I was on the way to Boston 
But meeting an order from L* Colon^ Harmon to march to Neridgawalk 
Ammissequenty &c, am attending that Service, Re^!dy to march as soon as 
the Quo to of men Appointed are Delivered me And Rejoyce in this Opper- 
tunity jou are pleased to give me. 

This Accompanies the three Mcjhawks who returning from Penobscot 
were got as far as Falmouth iu the way to Boston before my marching 
Orders c^ime & so could not returne back* 

I have Lay** before the Treasurer an aoc* of what provision & other 
Necessary es I supply M them with. 

It*s Obvious to all the Army that these Mohawks proved themselves 
good men in the Late action at Neridgawalk Since which they have met 
with Some Rough Treatment, And in case they should not be made Eaaey 
with the method of Dividing the Captives & Scalp money (which now they 
are not) I Doubt the Consequence will uot be gofMl, Thus much I thought 
it my Duty to premize to your Honour and Begging pardon if I have 
Ignorantly Exceded, Remaine Your Honours most 

Hum"*^* Obedient Servant, 
Mass. Arch, 52: 56. JoanrH Heath. 

Superscribed : On His Majesties Service 
To The Hon**^* William Dummer 
Lieu* Governour & Commander in Chief &c- 
In Boston 
p^ Capt Gylea. 

L] Ltilera of Col. Thomas Wtsibrook and others. 


Hon^ Sir, 

Tbe 8*** instant in the Evening, Ten Indians waylayed Tbe path 
Near 8 garrisen houses in This Iowb iiud Killed one Alien, a Soldier 
(ported at Cafico) Scalped him & Carry ed his habbit & gun away, & Shot 
at a Boy who Escaped, aud directly I alarimed The Town & adjacent Places 
who all Took itt At Saco Falls we heard one great gun tired who caiuiofe 
hear u*^ but Can't Learn The meaning aa yet* Their ib m' Parker up Their 
Loading, & fear This Scout Surprised Them. 

Corr^Harman Some Dayes Smce, Passed This Harbour, westward, with 
Other officers, Corr* Weatbrook is Expected Every Day <& in The Sloop 

this Come* is Cap* Born with his indians. We have Lost no man in 

This March but are Disappointed. 

Your Honours humble Servant 
Fort Mary» Winter Harlmur Samuel Hinckes. 

Oct. 9^^ 1724. 
Saperscni^d ; — To His Honour William Dummer Esq*"* 
Leiutt Gov'' Coiriand' dc Cheife In Boston* 
Arch* 52 % 57. 

May it Please y' Hon', George Town B"*' 16*^: 1724. 

S'. Col : Westbrook being indisposed at my House, Orders me 
to giTe you an Ace" that he has diligently Searched after the Ve,sselU be- 
longing to this Province (that were taken by the Indians) but could find 
ooue ; we were detained several days at tbe Fox Islauds^by bad weather, as 
also in this Place. 

The Col: has not as yet rec* any Orders from your Honour, concerning 
the Officers going to Boston to make up their Rolls, nor how to dispose of 
the Army. I am y"" Hon" Most Dutifull & 

To The Hon**** W^ Dummer Esq' most Oh* llumhie Serv* 

L* Gov'&Comm^in Chiefe. John Peniiallow. 

Mass. Arch. 52 : 70. 

Ibj it Please your Hon% 

I received your Honours orders by the hand of Cap* IVlajory, 
who arriir'd here about Ten a Clock this morning, wherein I find, your 
Boooar i» much surprised that I did not Immediately proceed to the Indian 
fillagea as soon as wee bad recruited. I mu^t beg your Hou'' to believe 
me, that the only reason was, the ludispositiou of the Oliicers and SLddiers, 
wbich your Hon' will see by the Enclos'd. I do sincerely declare I calTd 
tliat Council with the greatest relnctancy that could l>e, ainl had not caird 
il hafi it not been for the daily Complaints of the Olficers and Soldiers of 
their greal ludiRposition. Coll" Harmon *Sc Cap* Moiilton were very much 
Ictdispofred and Cap' Went worth so much that he was obliged to keep his 
bed, and by the ace*" I had from the Officers & my own knowledge, there 
was more ttien Hatfe the Army no ways Capable to march* I arrived here 
tbe 23* Currant and am settleing some affaires of the Array, altho* I am not 
ffl able lo walk abroad and shall give leave to the Officers to come to 
Bofttoti to make up their Rolls according to your Honours orders. I have 
tnt)si«*ntly heard that your Honour sent orders for Cap* Heath to make a 
laarcb to Norridgwock with Sixty men, and Leiu* Oliver arriv'd at Arrowsick 
the \^ Currant with forty five mau to Joyu Cap* Heath by Coll° Harmooa 


Military Order of Washington, 


orders aa be Inform'd me by word of mouth» I suppose they marcbt in 
two days after bis arrival for I dispat4:bt biin to Rtcbmond Immediately. 
Ciipt Bourn and his Compaiiy are gone home» as I am iDfurm'd, tbree weeks 
ago, but by wbose order I know not» My Instructions to bim when I »ent 
him back was, To victual at Richmond for Twdve days»and in the Whale- 
boates to make the best of bis way to us to Penobscut River, In hopes that 
tbcmgh our first attempt should fail wee mi^bt make a second march U> 
Pertobscut Town» but 1 have neither seen nor heard from him «irice. I 
have Just now rec*d an Ace* by a Iwal I sent to Richmond that Cap* Heath 
marcbt tlie 21'* Currant. If it be your Honours positive determination 
that the march be yet perform'd to Penobscott Town, I mn%l pray your 
Hon" directions whome to give tbe Command to, and for the calling the 
forces together, who on ray return were Posted along the frotitier to recruit 
before I rec*d yonr Hon" present orders. 

Falm* Oct'* 24***> 1724. I am your Hon" most dutiful! & 

Humble Servant, 

Mass, Arch. 52: 73, 74. Tho* Westbrook. 

[To b« oonttnued.] 

Commantcated by OaBNTii^La H. NororobSi LL.B., of Bo&ton, U«ii 

General Folsom to lay before your Ercelleucj. 

To his Excellency Gen* Whashington — 

General Folsom begs leave to lay before your Excel leocy a memo- 
randum of wliatis immediately waiited at Winter HilK Ylzt three Teems, 
20 Wheel bar rows, two Thousand Tenpeony Nails, Four, Inch Aiigre«, m 
Gouge, and four CbLzzles. Alxd'' Scaumkll, 

Brig**' 5lajor. 
The Committee, or Commissary of Supplies is desired to furnish the 
above things immediately if to be got. G^ WAaHiNoxon. 

July 10^ 1775. 

Gen*. Wasbingtoii Tuemorandem for Teems, 

wht^el Barrows Auger Cbisels &c. 

Note. — The first portion of tbe above order is \n the handwriting of CoL 
Scammell, tlie last ffw lineA are In WaHlilngrton's autfiirrapb, Alexander Scam- 
mell hccame one of Wash Ins; t on '^a Aides, was his Adjutant-Gen end at the time 
of the capture and execution of Major Andr^, auil was wounded and taken 
priatoner before Yorktown in IT^tl, while as officer of the daf reconDoltrlng the 
outworks abandoned by the Britisli* 

** Wasiiiopton interested himj^elf in bin favor, and at Ids request Cornwallla 
pennitted him to be removed to WilUainHhuri?. where he died In the course of 
a few days. He was an officer of much merits and his death wat* deeply re- 
gretted by Washington and the array.'* 

Winter Hill was tlie extreme left of the line, occupletl by the New HaTopsblre 
troops under coniraand of Gen. Nathaniel Fol-iom^ and it wa>s expected that the 
British would make an attack there.— See Irving's '*Llfe of Wasklugton/' and 
FrothiiiKham's *' History of the Siege of Boston." 

The date of this order, it will be noticed, la bat one week after Washington 
aasnrned command of the army, and tlie apeUlng of hla name had not become 


1892.] Battles and Casualties of Mass. Troops. 



Bjr Col. T. W. HiooiNSOX and Florencb Wtmajt Jaques. 

PrtUminary NoU* — The following has b^en prepared with mucli labor, 
nitder my general directiou, by ftlrs, Florence W. Jaqiies, who ha& been 
oij chief assistant in the prelirai«ary work of the Massachusetts Military 
add Naval History. Attention is called to her prefatory remarks and sug- 
gefittons. It is believed that, with sucb co-operation as she propost-s, this 
table will be far superior to any similar report made in any other State. 
T. W. HiGGiNSON, State Miiilary and Naval Huiorian. 

Pkefatort Note. 

Th« accompanying list of engagements and losses is based upon 
the work of many persons who, on official or private account, have 
brought up to their present degree of varying completeness the re- 
cords of Massachusetts organizations. Some of these were accurate 
and painstaking ; others were lax. Many errors from the latter 
source have been removed by the comparison of records » bnt many 
necessarily remain. The whole list must be regarded as preliminary 
mod subject to correct ion« 

It was desired, as far as possible, to count the mortally wounded 
with the killed, this being now the accepted practice ; but this has 
been satisfactorily done only in the case of such losses as nre marked 
below with [F-j. These are taken from the tables of Lt, CoL 
Wro* F, Fox, for which an ^examination was made, name by name, 
of the fate of men recorded as wounded or missing in action ; and 
there are added to the killed in each engagement the names of those 
who are shown to have die<l of wounds received there, with those 
of the missing in action of whose death the presumptive evidence 
mnountB in the lapse of time to practical proof* 

A comparison of figures so gained with those from all other 
sources* expressed below in k., wd. and m*, leatls to the belief that 
a proportion of one out of seven, rising in some cases to one out of 
three* of those wounded or missing in action, should be numbered 
with the killed. It is hoped ttmt the surviving soldiers will aid in 
Slaking these atlditions ; and they are requested, wlierever they see 
on this list a statement of lotises that is to their certain knowledge 
too small, to be kind enough to notify the compiler, giving the 
Dames of all tlie men whom they know to have died in or in conse- 
quence of each engagement, with the grounds on which that know- 
ledge is based. 

Correspondence with this object will receive thanks and careful 
iltecilio& if addressed to 

Mrs* Florence W* Jaques, 

114 Charla St., BoMon, Mass, 
TOL* XLTI. 3* 

Battles and Casualties of Mass. Troops. [Jan. 


B€Utimaret Md. 
April 19. Begt 6. Cos. C, I, L, D. 
4 k. 86 wd. 

June 10. Begt 4. 5 Cos. 1 k. 2 wd. 

BlackhurfC9 Ford^ Va. 
July 18. Begt. 1. 14 k. [F.] 

Bull Bun, Va. (Itt). 
July 21. Begt 1. 1 k. [F.] 

6. 9 k. 2 wd. 22 pris. 
11. 16 k. [F.] 

Beher'Bmils, Va. 
Sept. 2. Begt. 18. Skir., sUght loss. 

PrUchard'8 MilU. Md. 
Sept. 15. Begt. 18. Skir., slight loss. 

Bolivar HeigfUs, Va. 
Oct. 16. Begt. 13. det. 

BoIVb Bluff, Va. 
Oct. 21. B^. 16. 44 k. [F.] 

19. 2 Cos. crossed 

river, not eng'd. 

20. 88 k. [F.] 


Boanoke Island, N. C. 
Feb. 8. Begt. 21. 13 k. [F.] 

23. 8 k. 8 wd. 

24. Not engaged. 

26. 11 k. [F.] 

27. 6 k. 

Also a signal corps of 28 2d 
Lieutenants, mostly from 
Mass. Begts. 
Mississippi CUy, Miss. 
Mar. 8. Begt. 26. Detail of 100 men. 

Hampton Boads, Va, 
Mar. 9. Begt. 29. Served a land bat- 
tery. No loss. 

Newbem, N. C. 
Mar. 14. Begt. 21. 28 k. [F.l 

23. 12 k. 42 wd. 

24. 10 k. 46 wd. 

26. 5 k. [F.] 

27. 16 k. [F.] 
Strashurg, Va. 

Mar. 27. Begt. 2. No loss. 

Pass Christian (Biloxi), Miss. 
April 4. Batt. 6. Present, not eng'd. 
Howard^ s Mills (near Torktown), Va. 
April 4. Batt. 6. No loss. 

Yorldown, Siege of. 
April 6.— May 8. Begt 1. 8 Cos. 4 k. 

14 wd. 
9. Not active. 

10. No loss. 

11. •' " 
16. •• " 

18. *• •* 

19. Ik. [F.] 

1862.--j»fefire of Torktown (conHnued). 
April 6— May 8. Begt. 20. No loss. 
22. lk.8wd. 
Batt. 8. 2 k. 8 wd. 
•• 6. AtHow'd'8 
Mills, Apr. 4. 
Camden, N. C. 
April 19. Begt 21. 7 k. [F.] 

WUliamsburg, Va. 
May 6. Begt. 1. 12 k. [F.l 
7. 1 k. 2 wd. 

10. Support. No loss. 

11. 16 k. [F.] 
West Point, Va. 

May 7. Begt 16. Support, no loss. 

19. ** " 

20. •* •» 
Batt 1. No loss. 

Trenton Bridge, N. C. 
May 16. Begt. 17. No loss. 
Nevohern, N. C. (near). 
May 22. Begt. 17, Co. I. 

Winchester, Va. 
May 26 (including Front Boyal and 
Newtown, May 28, 24). 

Begt. 2. 16 k. [F.] 
Hanover Court House, Va. 
May 27. Begt. 9. 2 k. [F.] 
22. Ik. 7wd. 
Batt 8. 1 sec. 1 k. 1 wd. 
6. Present, not eng'd. 
Poeataligoy 8. C. 
May 29. Begt. 1 Cav. 2 Cos. No loss. 

Fair Oaks, Va. 
/May 31. Begt. 7. 4 wd. 
\June 1. 10. 89 k. [F.] 

16. 10 k. [F.] 

19. Picket & res. 

20. 6 k. [F.] 
Brigade inc. Begts. 1, 11 & 16, held 

Poplar Hill, not reached by enemy. 

Legari's Point, 8. C. 
June 2. Begt. 28. Skir., 4 wd. 

Tranter*s Creek, N. C. 
June 6. Begt. 24. 8 Cos. 6 k. 6 wd. 

Pass Manchac, La. 
June 16. Batt. 4, 1 section. 

8ecessionville, James Island, 8. C. 
June 16. Begt. 28. 20 k. [F.] 

1 Cav. Co. H. Bes. 

Williamsburg Boad, Va. 
June 18. Begt. 16. 29 k. [F.] + 

Oak Orove, Va. 

June 26. Begt. 1. 14 k. [F.] 

7. 2 k. 14 wd. 

11. Skir., 2 k. [F.] 

16. 4 k. [F.l 

19. 18 k. [F.] + 

1892.] Battles and CasuaHies of Mass, Troops. 


^M (eoniinutdj. 
I ndMwrg, Miu. 

tS8-S9. Regt. 30. Not engaged, 
worked on canaL 
Batt. 2. 1 k. 
6, Part. 

Jime »6. R^. 9, Slightly engaged. 


Bait. L 

1 37-Sd. R€igt. 9. 

Batt. 1. 

2 k. [F.] 
6 Cos. sap. 
No lo^s* 
I wd. 

3 k. 

87 k. [F.] + 
«• i« 

84 k. 1^0 
Covered retreat 

Sev. wd. 
2 k 1 wd. 
2 k. 3 wd. 
\AUfn"9 Farm or Peach Orchard, Fa. 
jQDe23. Eegt. 19. Support. 
20. Not active, 

BamaoiTs Station, Va. 

Regt. I. Sup. battery. 
10. Repelled Cav. 

da*<h only. 
16. Few wd. 

19. Under fire, Dot 


20. 1 k. [F.] 

29. Total 7 days. 6 k. 
Gtendalt, Va. 

June 30, Begt. 1. 20 k. [F.] 

11. Ik. [F.] 

15. Support. No losa. 

16. Sak. [F.] 4- 
20. 8 k. [F.] + 
22. Support. 

Batt. 1. 2 k. 

24 k. [F.] 
13 k. [f4 
No loas. 


3 k. 

1 : 


No losB. 

k. 41 wd. 

6. 2 wd. 

Baton Bifugt, La. 
A^. 6* Begt. 80. Sap. 8 k. 15 wd. 
Batt. 2. 4 wd. 1 prU. 
4. 1 k. 5 wd. 
6. 40 men in action* 
8 k. 9 wd. 

1862 (condnutid), 

Malvern Hill, To. (Heconnofssanee.) 
Aug. 5. Regt. 1. 1 wd. 

11. 2 k. [F.] 

15. Present, oot eng^d. 

16. 1 k. [F.] 

19. Not engagecit 

20. ** " 

Cedar Moaniafny Va. 
Aug. 9. Regt. 2. 56 k. [F.] 

12. 1 k. 10 wrf! by Ark 

tire. Not eng'd, 

13. Present, not aclive. 

No loss. 

KtlWsF^^rd, Va, 
Aug. 21. Regt. 28. Sup. Cav. sklr., 
not engaged. 

Bappahannockt Va. 
Aug. 23,25. Kegt. 21. Sklr. 

Batt. 8. No loss. 

KHth Jinn, Vn. 
Aug. 27. Grover*8 Br!^. was on the 
field but not in action. 
Regt. 1. 

11. iwd. byshelL 

Qrov^'ton and Gainesville, Va. 
Aug. 28-29. Regt. 12. Part on sklr, line 
under Art. ftre. 
1 k. 10 wd. 

Mana^as, Va. (2nd Bull Run). 
Aug. 30. Regt. 1. 16 k. [F.l 
9. 5wd. 

11. 28 k. [F.] 

12. 15 k. 6r>wd. 

13. 21 k. lOB wd. 

15. Covered retreat 

16. 31 k. [F.] + 
18. 54 k. [F.] 4- 

21. 7 wd. on march, 

not engaged. 

28. 26 k. [F.l 

29. Rear guard. 
IH.A. Near field, not 

Batta. 1, 6, a. No loss. 

ChantiUij, Va. 
Sept. 1. Regt. 21. 400 men engaged. 
38 k. [F.] + 
28. 21 k. [F.] 
Batt. 8. No loss. 

Poolesvilh, Md. 
Sept. 5. Regt. I Cav. 3 wd. 35 prla. 

Washington, JV. C 
Sept. 6. Regt. 24. Cos. B & D. 
1 k. 5 wd, 

Ponchatottlat La. 
Sept. 14. Regt. 26. 100 men engaged. 
No loss. 


JScUlles and Casualties of Mass. Troops. 



\L. fF.1 
Ik. b.] 

1862 (conUnued). 

South Mountain, Md. 
Sept. 14. Regt. 12. Ik. sev. wd. 
13. Support. 

21. Support. 6 wd. 
28. Support & picket. 

Ik. [F.] 
86. 6 k. [F.] + 
Batt. 1. No loss. 
8. 1 k. 4 wd. 
Antietam, Md. 
Sept. 17. Eegt. 2. 20 k. [F.] 
9. Reserve. 
12. 74 k. 166 wd. out 
of 334. [F.] -f 
18. 16 k. 120 wd. 
16. 108 k. [F.] 

18. Sup. Batt. beyond 


19. 26 k. 

20. 20 k 

21. 10 

22. Reserve. 

28. 26 k. [F.] 

29. 9 k. 81 wd. + 
32. Reserve. 

86. 73 k. [F.] -f 
Batt. 3. No loss. 
8. 1 wd. + 

Blackford's Ford, Sheppardstovmy Va. 
Sept. 20. Regt. 18. 3 k. 11 wd. 1 m. 

22. 2 k. 
Batt. 3. No loss. 

Leesburg, Va. 
Oct. 16. Batt. 3. 1 wd. 

Pocotaligo, S. G. 
Oct. 22. Regt. 1 Cav. Ind. BattaUon, 
Cos. I, K, L, M. 7 wd. 
Blackwater, Va. 
Oct. 24. Regt. 6. Slightly eng'd, 
no loss. 
LabadieavUle, La. 
Oct. 26. Batt. 4. 1 section. 
.6. (?) 
Bawled Mills, N. C. 
Nov. 2. Regt. 28. Not active. 
24. 1 k. 
27. Reserve. 
44. 2 k. 6 wd. 
Williamstown, N. C. (near). 
Nov. 2. Regt. 6. Slight, no loss. 

Snicker's Gap, Va. 
Nov. 8. 1 Cav. 1 k. 8 wd. 

Bachelor*s Creek, N. C. 
Nov. 11. Regt. 24. Co. H. 1 k. 1 wd. 
Night attack on outposts. 
Fayetteville, and White Sulphur 
Springs, Va. 
Nov. 16. Regt. 36. Fired on by Art. 
while marching. No loss. 
BlackuxUer, Va. 
Nov. 17. Regt. 6. Some firing, no loss. 

1862 (continued) 

Bayou Bontecar, La. 
Nov. 21. Regt. 31. 3 Cos. 

Bor^ouea, La. 
Nov. 26. Regt. 81. 3 Cos. on steamer 
flred on from 
BaU. 4. 
Beaver Dam Church, Va. 
Dec. 1. Regt. 6. Not acUve. 

Plymouth, y. C. 
Dec. 10. Regt. 8. Co. I. 2 k. 

Zuni, Va. 
Dec. 12. Regt. 6. Co. I, skir. 1 k. 

Fredericksburg, Va. 
Dec. 18. Regt. 1. Picket 8 k. [F.] 
7. Guard. 1 k. 
9. 4 k. [F.] 

10. Not engaged. Cor. 


11. Guard. 2 wd. 

12. 17 k. 86 wd. + 
18. Skir. 8 k. 11 wd. 
16. Pickets sup. 16 k. 


16. Pickets sup. 4 k. 


18. Charged. 18 k. 

121 wd. 

19. 29 k. [F.] 

20. 48 k. TF.] + 

21. 13 k. [F.J + 

22. Ilk. 44wd. 

28. Charged. 36 k.[r.) 

29. Res. & sup. 
32. 6 k. [F.l 
36. 12 k. [F.J 

36. Below city. 2 wd. 

by Artillery. 

37. Und.flre. Ik. [F]. 
1 Cav. Reserve. 

Batt. 1. 2 wd. 

6. 1 k. 1 wd. 
Kinston, N. C. 

Dec. 14. Regt. 3. Not active. 

6. Guard wagons. 

17. Support. 

23. Sup. 1 k. 1 wd. 

24. Not active. 

26. Sup. No loss. 

27. Not eng'd, rear gd. 

43. Not active. 

44. *• 

46. 16 k. 43 wd. 

46. Sup. Batt. No loss. 

61. Guard prisoners. 
WhUehall, N. C. 

Dec. 16. Regt. 3. Not active. 

6. 3wd. 

17. Across river. 

23. 16 k. 46 wd. 

24. Sup. 1 k. 

26. Vols. skir. 1 wd. 

1892*] Battles and Casualties of Mass. Troops, 


1M2 WkiiehaU, iVl C. fconHnited). 

D«e. 10* Be^ 27. Not eng'd, rear gd, 

45. Sop, 1 W. 
4i. 8 k, U wd. 

46. 4 k, Ifi wd. 
46. Detail. 1 wd. 
51. Not engaged. 

sgt. 8. Tore tip railroad 
track, under Are. 
6 wd. 

Sop. Bate. 6 wd. 

Total loas oo ex- 
peditioo^ 1 k. 29 
wd. Chiefly here. 

Nu tosa. 

Not enj7a;^ed. 

3 k. fF.l 

Ik. M 

Detail. 3 k. 


Not active. 

Sop. Batt. & rear 
grnard. 1 k. 3 wd. 

Rear graard. 

3 Cos. 


Pec, 2d, Regt. 31. 
Batt. 4. 


Hik. l« Regt. 4S 3 Cos. captured. 

Ba^ou Tiche, La, 
Jan. 14. Batt. 4. 

Young's X Bonds, X C. 
ha, 19. Regt. 51. 5 Cos. No loss. 

De^erUd IfDuse, Fa. 
Ian. 30. R^^irt. 6. 5 k, 7 wd. 
Batt. 7. No loss. 

Sinsion Boad, iV. C 
Iw. 6-7. Night. Skir. 

Regt. 25. 3 Cos. 2 wd. 

Detp GttUif, skir. ntar Xtmbernt N* C* 
Mir. 14. Regt. 25. I wd. 

Pr/rt Hudson^ La. (rear). 
Mar. 14. Regt. 30, Sup. Batt. 

Batt. a. 1 sec. No loss. 

Bl^ckwaUr, Ta. 
Mar, 17, Batt. 7. 4 k. 7 wd. 

Keil^a Ford. Va. 
Mir. 17. Regt, 1 Cav. No loss. 
1 officer k, oo det, doty. 

Mar. 23. R^. 27. Cos. G a H. 2 k. 
Washington, iV. C. 
M»r. 80,— Apr. B. Regt, 27, 

44. 1 d. of 

1863 f continued), 

Bhjvnts Mill, ^. (7. 
April t). Regt. 3. No loss. 

6. Not active, 
a. 1 wd. 
17. 8wd. 
4S. Bop. No loss. 
Bi»land, La, 
April 12-14. R^, 4. Sklr. No loss. 
31. 7 Cos. lk,5wd. 
38, G k. 29 wd. 
41, Re.Hcrve. 
:>3. 3 k, 11 wd. 
Batt. 2. No loss. 

6. 1 k. 1 wd. -h 
8ieg% of Snffolk, Va. 
April 12.— May 4. Regt, 6. 3 wd. 

Btttt. 7, No loss. 
Core Creek, N. C 
April IG. Regt. 3. No loss. 
6. *' •* 
Dover Boad, N. O. 
April 28, Regt. 17. No loss. 
27. 1 wd. 
46. 1 k. 4 wd. 
Fitzhugh*B Crosnng, Va. 
April 29, 30. Regt. 13. 2 k, 1 wd. by 
Art. Are while 
lying near river. 
ChanceUorm>iUe, Va. 
May 1-4. Regt. 1. 




15 k. [F.l 
31 k. [P.] 
28 k. 114 V9 
2 k. Skir. 
. 16 k. [F.] 
. 16 k. [F.] 

28 k. 114 wd. 
2 k. Skir. {F.] 








Batt. I. 



2 wd. 4 m. ' Recon. 
7 wd. Recoo. 
With 6tU Corps. 

2 wd. 
19 k. [f:] 
Not eng'd ; onder 

(Ire. 1 k. 13 wd. 
With 6th Corps. 

No loss. 
With fith Corps. 

1 k, by sbeU. 

No \OB». 

I k, 4 wd. 

Not act. 6wd.2ni. 

3 k. [F.) 

I k. sev. wd. 

Not active. 

At cLoae. No loss. 

Rapidan Skition^ Fa. 
May 1. Regt, 1 Cav. 1 k. 

Nansemond, Va. 
May 3. Regt. 40. Skir. 

Batt, 7. No loss. 

AMhhy'B Gap, Fa. 
May 12. Regt. 2 Car. 


Battles and Camaltiea of Mass. Troops. 


1868 (continued). 

CarsvUle, Va. 
May 14-16. Regt 6. 
Batt. 7. 

Plain Stores, La. 
May 21. Begt. 80. 

BaU. 4. 
Gum Swamp, N. 
May 22. Begt. 8. 
Bachelor's Creek, 
May 23. Begt. 46. 

Franklin, La. 
May 25. Begt. 41 

Port Hudson, La. 
/May 27. Begt. 4. 
IJuly 9. 30. 

Batt. 2. 



6 k. 11 wd. 
1 sec. 1 wd. 

Skir. Sup. Batt. 

2 k. 7 wd. 11 prifl. 

Several wd. 

Not active. 
No loss. 

8 k. [F.] 
No loss. 
N. C. 
Cos. A, I. + 

Attacked on march. 

, Siege of 
In trenches. 
Skir. Sup. Batt. 

19 wd. 
14 k. 48 wd. 
50 k. 164 wd. 
17 k. 81 wd. 

7 k. 41 wd. 
17 k. 81 wd. 

1 k. 4 wd. 
9 k. 

17 k. [F.] 
No loss. 

2 wd. 

1 k. 
Not engaged, 

2 det. No loss. 

8 guns. 31 days. 
No loss. 

Warrenton Boad, Va. 
June 8. Begt. 1 Cav. Sconting. 1 k. 
1 wd. 

Franklin's Crossing, Va. Bappahan- 
June 5. Batt. 1. 

Beverly Ford, Va. Brandy Station. 
Jnne 9. Begt. 2. 1 k. [F.] 

83. Not active. 3 wd. 
ICav. Near. 3k.9wd. 

Harper's Ferry, Va. (near). 
June 14. Begt. 1 H. A. 1 Co. 

Port Hudson, La. (2d assault). 
June 14. Begt. 4. 7 k. 61 wd. 
81. 7 k. 24 wd. 
38. 27 k. 77 wd. 

48. 2 k. llwd. 

49. 1 k. 17 wd. 

51. Beserve. 

52. 4 k. 7 wd. 
58. 17 k. [F.] 

1868 (continued). 

Aldie, Va. 
June 17. Begt. 22. Sup. Batt. Not 
1 Cav. 20 k. 67 wd. 
90 m. [F.) 

Middlehurg, Va. 
June 19. Begt. 1 Cav. No loss. 

Jackson X Boads, La. 
June 20. Begt. 52. 2 pris. 

La Fourche Crossing, La. 
June 20, 21. Begt. 26. 3 k. 10 wd. 

42. 80 eng'd. 1 k. 

Upperville, Va. 
June 21. Begt. 18. 1 Cav. Sup. No loss. 

Brashear City, La. 
June 23. Begt. 42. 46 men capt'd. 2 k. 

South Anna, Va. 
June 26. Begt. 2 Cav. Det. 1 k. 1 
wd. from Co. A. 

Gettysburg, Pa. 

July 1-3. Begt. 1. 

27 k. [F.l 


45 k. TF.I 


Sup. No loss. 


Picket skir. 2 k. 



Bes. 1 k. 3 wd. 


37 k. [F.] 


9 k. 41 wd. 64 m. 


17 k. 72 wd. 100 



88 k. [F.l 


23 k. \v: 


Near wheat field. 

1 k. 18 wd. 


17 k. FF. + 


44 k. [F.j 


Of 67, 15 k. 26 wd. 


15 k. F.l 

Of 229, 13 k. 62 wd. 

Art. fire. 7 k. 88 





6 k. [F.] + 
:av. Not active. 


Guarded pris. 

Batt. 1. 

3 wd. 


2 k. 6 wd. 


5 k. 10 wd. 


11 k. 16 wd. 26 pris. 

Baltimore X Boads, Va. 
July 2. Begt. 40. No loss. 

South Anna Biver Crossing, Va. 
Cen. B. B. 
July 4. Batt. 7. No loss. 

Quaker Bridge, N. C, or Wilcox 
July 7. Begt. 28. 2 wd. 

27. Sup. Cav. raid. 

1863 rf<nUinued). 

Harper^g Ftrry Bridge, Va. 
July 7. Begt. 1 H. A. Co, H. 

skir. Ko loss. 

JiOy 9, 16. Eegt. 29. 1 k. 

S5. 3 k. 8 wd. 
86. 2k.6w(l. Sklr, 
Jbff Woffner, 8, C, 
rjoljlO. Begt. 24* 4 k. 3in9ortle 
iScpte* of Aa^. 26. 

40. 1 k 6 wd. In 

! trenches, 

I 54. Total, 80 k. [F.] 

I 65. Heavy fatigue 

I duty, and. fire. 

yjontf X Beads, Fa. 
ttly U, 13. Eegt. 1 Cav. Disroonnt- 
ed. No loss- 
idy 12, Hegt. 2 Cav. 1 k. 7 wd. 
Do^alds^mtUle, La, 
July 13. Regt. 30. 8 k. 87 wd. 1 m. 

48. 8 k. 7 wd. 23 pri9. 

49, 3 k. 4 wd. 16 pris. 
Bait. 6. 1 wd. 

Joly 16- Regt. 1 Cav, No loss. 

July 16. Eegt. 54. 18 k. [F.] 

Ff>H Wagtier, 5. C. (2nd ansauU), 
jQly 18. Regt. 54. 58 k. [F.] 

Wapping Heights, Va, 
Jtiiy23. Eegt. 1. Slightly. No loss. 
9. No loss. 
16. Present. 
82. Not engaged. 
Ifi. Tahor Church, JVl C. 
Jaly 26. Eegt. 17. 3 wd. 

Ba^Qu La Fuurchc, La, 
July 80. Batt. 6. No loss* 

JafJtMon, La, 
Aug. 5. Regt. 3 Cav. 4 k. 

Cayl« Tat^ti, Va, 
Aug. 24, Regt, 2 Cay. 2 k. 2 wd. sey. 
Cklfieptr. Va, 
h^i. 18. Reet. 1 Cay. 1 wd. 2 m. 

Saccocn IVrd, Va. 
BcpL 14. Begt. 15. Sap. Cav. No loss. 
1 Cav. Art. fire. 2 k, 
8 wd. 2 m. 

1863 (MntinuM). 

Vermilion Bagou, La, 
Oct. 10. Batt. 2. No loss. 

Ciilpeper, IVhiie Sulphur Slpfingi^ Fa. 
Oct. 12, 13. Regt. 1 Cav. 1 wd. 

Auburn t Va. 
Oct. 14. Regt, 28. 1 k. [F.J 

1 Cav. 2 Squadrons, 
Batt. 10. 2wd. 
Bristoe Station, Va, 
Oct. 14. Regt. IfK 4 k. [F.] 

19. 1 k. [F.l 

20. 1 k. [F.] 

Broad Bun, Va. 
Oct. 14. Regt. I Car. 2 Squadrons* 

Carrion Crow^ La. 
Oct, 15. Batt. 2. No loss. 
18. '' " 
Berry9vilU, Va. (running Jtght), 
Oct. 18. Regt. 34. 2 k. [F.| 

Waiihalchiet Tenn, 
Oct. 27. Regt. 33. 26 k, 61wd. Im. -(- 

&rmnd Coteau, La, 
Nov, 2, 3, Batt. 2. No loss. 

Bappahannaek Station and Edhy'§ 

Ford, Va, 

Nov, 7. Regt. 1. No loss, 
ff t* ti 

9, *' •* 

10. Sup. 3 k. [F.) 

11. Pursuit only. 
18. Picket, etc. 
16. Pnrsnlt only. 
18. 2 k. 14 wd. 
22, 7 wd. 

82. Support. 
Batt. 5. No loss. 
10. " '' 
Lenoir* », Trnn* 
Nov. 15. Regt. 36. No loss, 

Campbell Station ^ Tenn, 
Nov, 16. Regt. 21. No loss. 
20. 1 k. 
35. No loss. 
86. 4 k. 17 wd. 8 m. 
Knoxville, Tenn. Siege of 
Nov. 17.— Dec. 4, Regt. 21. 4 k. IF.] 
29. 3 k. 
85. 2 k. on 
29th. [F.] 
36. 1 k. 


Battles and Casualties of Mass. Troops. 


1868 (continued), 
IRneBun, Va, 
Nov 26-80. Begt. 1. 8 k. [F.] 
7. No 1O06. 
9. 8 k. [F.l 

11. 6 k. IF.] 

12. Not engaged. 

18. " 

15. 2 k. [F.l 

16. 2 k. [F.J 

19. 1 k. at Robert- 

son's. [F.] 

20. Sey. wd. 

22. Not engaged. 
28. 5wd. 
82. Not engaged. 
87. Skir. Sev. wd. 
89. 2 Cos. Sklr. 

1 wd. on picket. 
ICav. New Hope Ch. 

6 k. 18 wd. 
ICav. Parker's 
11 wd. 11 m. 
Batt. 1. Saanders' House. 
No loss. 
6. 1 wd. 
10. No loss. 
SkoxvUle, Tenn. (near). 
Nov. 29. Regt. 86. 2 k. [F.] 

Plain Stores, La, 
Nov. 80. Regt. 8 Cav. Det. flred into 
by guerillas. 5 k. 5 wd. 5 pris. 

Blain*8 X Beads, Tenn. (slight skir. J, 
Dec. 16. Regt. 36. No loss. 

8t. Augustine, Fla, 
Dec. 80. Regt. 24. Woodchoppers flred 
upon. 1 k. 


Bealton, Va, 
Jan. 18. Begt. 9. Co. F. Repulsed 
night attack. 

Bacheloi^s Creek, N, C, 
Feb. 1, 2, 8. Regt. 17. 8 k. 8 wd. 66 pris. 

Jacksonville, Fla, 
Feb. 7. Regt. 64. Picket skir. when 

Barber's Place, 8t, Mary's Biver, Fla. 
Feb. 9, 10. Regt. 40. 1 k. 2 wd. 

1 Cav. Indep. Bat- 
OainesvUle, Fla, 
Feb. 16. Regt. 40. 62 men barricaded 
with cotton bales, 
repulse attack. 
Olustee, Fla, 
Feb. 20. Regt. 40. 4 k. 21 wd. 4 m. 
64. 14 k. [F.] + 
66. Went out in Sup. 

No loss. 
1 Cay. Ind. BattaUon. 

1864 (continued), 
Drainsffille, Va. 
Feb. 22. Begt. 2 Cav. Det. scouting 
party surprised. 10 k. 

7 wd. 67 pris. 
Henderson EUls, La, 

Mar. 21. Begt. 81. No loss. 

8 Cav. No loss. 
NaUhitoches, La, 

Mar. 81. Begt. 8 Cav. 18 wd. 
Batt. 2. 
Crump's BUI, La, 
April 2. Batt. 2. No loss. 
18. " •• 
Wilson's Farm, La, 
AprU 7. Batt. 2. 
Sabine X Beads, La, 
Aprils. Begt. 81. 8 Cos. Mounted 
throughout cam- 
paign. 8 k. 28 
wd. 26 pris. 
8 Cav. 9k.64wd. 
Batt. 2. Ik. 18wd.l2pri«. 
Pleasant JSUls, La, 
April 9, 10. Regt. 81. Wagon guard. 
Batt. 18. No loss. 

Pleasant HUls, La, 
April 12. Regt. 88. QueriUa attack. 

SmUhfield, Va, 
April 14. Regt. 28. 2 k. 8wd. 

26. Little or no pari. 
No loss. 
Plymouth, N, C, 
AprU 17-20. Regt. 2 H. A. Cos.G,H. 
4 k. 276 pris. 
Washington, N, C, (near), 
April 20-80. Regt. 17. 2 k. 

Cane Biver, La, 
April 28. Regt. 81. Ik. 

88. 6 k. 6wd. 
8 Cav. Sev. days skir. 
Sev. wd. 
Batt. 18. No loss. 

Muddy Bayou, La, 
April 26. Begt. 8 Cav. Outposts. 
Slight loss. 

Alexandria, La, 
April 26. Regt. 81. Rear gd. No loss. 

Alexandria, La. near; attack by 
QuantrelVs Guerillas. 
May 1. Regt. 3 Cav. 4 k. 6 wd. 

HudneVs Plantation, La, 
May 1. Regt. 81. 1 k. 8 wd. 

Gov, Moore's Plantation, La. 
May 2. Regt. 31. 2 k. 4 wd. 

Wilderness Tavern, Va, 
May 4. Regt. 18. 2 Cos. sent f orw. Ik. 



20. 9etr.t--^- 1 .£.7rBati.«- 

18. ': «.i 


Batt. 1- ° ^o loss- 

6. 1 "W*- 
10. So^°»" 

10. Soios"' 
^" ,-.« .<?tore«, ^u.^ -net. flr 

X)ec. 16. ^'^fe ^^ 

«-M S. lk.Wl»* 
April 9. W- *2K. la. »•* 

iprill*- B^». Wt£« 

p^80. Begt.'*- ,^n. 11^ \AptU«-**- "^ ** 











Bb.lS- »«8^ ^^*^V*i 

repute* S 


56. ^ 






Battles and Oamalttea of Mass. Troops. 


1864.— iVbrtA Anna, Va. (continued). 



6 k. 

No loss. 

Little loss. 

2 k. [F.] 

1 k. 4 wd. 

Skir. No loss. 



15 k. 



Regt. 20. 

59. 2k.20~w(f.l6m. 
1 H. A. Bes. ; det. 
active. 3 k. [F.} 
Batt. 8. 2 wd. 

5. Notact, Iwd. 
9. Ik. 

10,11,14. No loss, 
[wd. 4 m. 
Regt. 88. 10 k. 48 
Salem Church, Va, 
1 k. 8 wd. 


Dallas, Oa, 
May 25— Jane 4. 

Hawe'B Shop. 
May 28. Regt. 1 Cay. 

Totopotomoy, Va, 
May 29-81. Regt. 12. 



Eng'd 1 hour 

on 30th. 
8 k. 
8 wd. snady 

Grove road. 
Ik. [F.] 
No loss. 
8 k. Shady Gro. 


. Shady 


22. 8 k. 
28. 4 k. 
82. 8 k. 
68. 8 k. 
IH. A. 
Batt 8. 
Betheeda Church, Va, 
Jane 1-8. Regt. 9. 

Ik. [F.] 
2 k. Shady Gro. 
No loss. 









8 k. 

8 k. 



Charged, Jane 1. 

18 k. 


Ik. 12wd: 

16 k. [F.] 
2 k. [F.] 

17 k. 83 wd. 
Skir. No loss. 
8 k. [F.l 
Ik. [F.l 

Shady Grove, 2 k. 

2 k. 

8 k. [F.] 

1 k. 

No loss. 

1864 (continued). 
Cold Harbor, Va. 
Jane 1-12. Regt. 7. 





20 k. & wd. 
2 k. [F.] 
Wh. Oak Swamp 
Br. Few wd. 
18. Skir. Ik. 

15. 5 k. [F.] 

16. No loss. 

18. 14 k. 19 wd. 

19. 6 k. [FJ 

20. 12 k. [F.] 
22. 18 k. 16 wd. 

28. 6 Cos. 9k.86wd. 

26. 74 k. of 310. [F.l 

27. 82 k. [F.] 

28. 10k.46wd. [F.] 

29. 8wd. 

85. Engineer work. 

Sev. wd. 

86. Skir. 

87. 12 k. [F.] 
89. Skir. 

40. 23 k. 

66. 4 k. [F.] 

57. 7wd. 

58. 36 k. [F.] + 

59. 2k.l5wd. 15pris. 
1 H. A. 4 Cos. at 

Shady Grove road 
onder fire Jane 
4-12. 6 k. [F.] 
Batt. 1. Ik. 5wd. 
3. No loss. 
6. 3 k. 

10. 4 k. [F.} 
14. No loss. 

Piedmont, Va. 
Jane 6. Regt. 34. 

22 k. [F.] 

Kenesaw Mountain, Oa. 
Jane 9-30. Regt. 2. 1 k. [F.] 

83. Skir. 8k.22wd. 
Petersburg, Va. 
Jane 10. Regt. 4 Cav. 1st Battalion. 
1 k. 2 wd. 

Trevellian Station, Va. 
Jane 11, 12. Regt. 1 Cav. Not serl- 
oosly eng'd. No loss. 

White Oak Swamp Bridge, Va. 
Jane 13. Regt. 12. 4 wd. 

39. No loss. 

Baylor's Farm, Va. 
Jane 15. Regt. 5 Cav. 8 k. 19 wd. 

Petersburg, Va. 
Jane 16-18. Regt. 10. 1 k. Jane 18. 

11. 6 k. [F.] 

12. Aboat R. R. 

No loss. 
15. 8 k. of 75 men. 

1892.] BatileB and Casualties of Mass. Troops. 


mi.^I*t$eribwff, Va. (continued), 
" Begt, 10. 6 k, [F.] 




2 k. [F.l 
Loss no tp veil, 
6 k. [F.l 
June 18. Skir. 
charge* 9 k, 
25, Charged June 

15. la. 11 k. 

27. Charged June 

15, 18. 22 k. 

28. Charged June 

16, "Sup. 17, 
18. 6 k. [F.] 

2d. Charged Jtme 

17, 11 k. 
32. Char. June 18. 

10 k. [F.l 
d6. Of 90. 10 k. 

18 wd. 
87. Skir. & adr. 

June 18. 4 k. 
^. Adv. Jane 18. 

5 k. 
iO. No lose given. 
£6, Aasanlt June 

17. 21k. [F.] 

57. Assault June 
17. 20 k. 

58. Assaolt Juue 
17 & 18. 12 k. 

59. Assault June 
17. 11 k. 58 

1 H. A. Assault. 
June 16, 17. 18, 
66 k. [F.] of 
ivhicb 54 k. 
June 16. 
Batt. 5. June 18. 2 k. 
2 wd. 
9. Jnne 18. 3 k. 

6 wd. 
10. No loss. 

14. 2 k. 1 wd. 

m 17, 18. Regt. 84. 6 k. [F.] 

B«21. Regt. 1 Cav. Slightly eng'd. 

Wtldon B. J?., Ttf. 

oe22,23. Regt. 16. Lost pris. all but 

CI oir. 5 men. 
19. Ik. [F.] 
IH.A. 19. k. [F.] 
Batt. 10. No loss, 
MmfUain, Ga, 
^n. Begt. 3, 2wd. 

Sa, 8 k. 18 wd. , 

1864 (continued). 

SamaHa Church, Fa. 
June 24. Regt. 1 Cav. 1 k. 2 wd. 2 m. 

Jameses Mand, S, C 
July 2. Regt. 54. No loas. 

55. Uk. 18wd. + 
4 Cav. (2nd Battalion) 
Total loss, July 2-9. 
1 k. 2 wd. 

John^s Island, S. C. 
July 5, 7, 9. Regt. 4 Car. (2nd Battalion) 

Mt. Zion Churchy Fa. (AUie). 
July 6. Regt. 2 Cav, Detachment, 
8 k, 9 wd. 38 pris. 

Fort Steteris, D. C^ and JioekmUe. 
July 12, 13. Regt 37. 2 k. [F.] 

2 Cav. 6 k. 40 wd. 
about 60 pris. 
Snicker's Ferry, Va. 
July 18. Regt. 34. 3 k. [F,l 

37. Det. on picket. 
No loss. 

Peach Tree Creek, Ga, 
Jaly 20. Regt. 2. Reserve. 

Beep Bottom, Va. 
July 21. Batt. 10. Reserve. 

Winchester 1 Va. 
July 24, 25. Regt, 34. No loss. 

Deep Bottom, Vn. 
July 27, 28. Regt. 11. Present. No loss. 

19. Skir. Earth 

works. 3 k, 

20. 2 k. [F.l 

26. Present. No loss. 
28. 2 k. [F.] 
1 Cav. Malvern HIU. 
3 k. 13 wd. 2 m. 
1 H. A. Inclu. opera* 
tknisof Aug. 10 k. 
&wd. at this place. 
Batt. 10. No loss. 

Atlanta, Siege of, Qa, 
July 28.— Sept. 2. Regt. 2. 5 k. [F.] 
33. Train gd. 

Crater, Petenhurgt Va, 

JulySO. Regt. 11. In lines. 1 wd. 

21. Ledatt. 7 k. [F.] 

23. Hot in action. 

29. 3 k. 7 wd. 

35. 13 k. [F.] 

40. Sup. 9 wd. 

59. 8k-25"wd:47pria, 

Batt. 6. 1 wd. 

Lee*iJmU, Va. 
July 80. E^. 1 Cav. 

u. &up. 3 wu. 

6. 13 k. [F.] 

7. 15 k. [F.T 

8. 14 k. [F.] 



1*. Jk-T.-; 
9&. SolMftT 


«- «k. T."i 
1 Cbt. I^«af OB 


dmtn^ Jii}t flDd 

Aa^ KJk.4«iL 

g i fae<f<rre ^ Jig. 

Am^l7. lUigLiCmr. Dei. from ted 

BtlfiHnn 6k.50pM. 

A«f.l7. iUft-SCsT. I/MMSofAn^. 
8 k. 90 w<L ao.pilft. 

Aof . Ul, 19,21. Bcgt. 18. BstUUoD. Ko 
91. Bemnaot of. 

8 k. [P.] 
99. 1 k. 5 w<L 
89. 8kir. 8k.[F.] 

85. 6 k. [P.] 

86. Nolo0s. 

89. 10 k. 85 wd. 
946 m. mostly 
prta. [F.] 
66. 8 k. [F.] 
57. 9 k. [F.j 
59. Part of. Ik. 
1 Cav. 6 wd. 
Batt. 8. 1 k. 4 wd. 
5. 9 wd. 
9. Iwd. 
11. No loss. 
Summit Point, Va. 
Aug. 91. Begt.87. Plc't sklr.,6k. [P.] 

Beam*$ Station, Va. 
Aug. 28, 95. Regt. 19. Ko loss. 
20. •• «• 
28, 9 k. [P.] + 
1 Cav. No loss. 
Batt. 10. 5 k. 19 pris. 
IlaUtovm, Va, 
Aug. 94. Begt. 9 Cav. During Aug. 
8 k. 20 wd. 80 prls. 

CharUitown (Halltown), Va, 
Aug. 28. Begt. 84. SUghtly engaged. 
No loss. 

Serryville, Va, 
Bopt. 8-4. Regt. 84. Ik. [P.] 
88. Not active. 
9 Cav. 8 k. 12 wd. 

IfawkiMville, Va, 
Sept. 16. Begt. 1 Cav. (dismounted). 
9 k. 10 wd. 9 m. 


Sepi.I«L BttL.1. a 

SepClT. B«B.t. 9wd. 


it. B.f«L9S. S«k. [F.] 
JCi. 3k.l0wd. 
J4. 28 k. [P.] 
97. 2Sk. [P.] + 
9& §k.S8wd.8pria. 
2 Car. 2 k. « wd. 9 

9 Car. DiSDCNmted. 
19k.87wd. [P.] 
Batt.1. 4wd. 

21«22. Begt. 96. 

Not in action. 


4k. [P.] 

Not in action. 
2 Cav. AtLoray. 

No loss. 
8 Cav. Dism'd. 

Bait. L 9wd. 

Wafne9b<m>\ Va, 
Sept. 28. Begt. 2 Cav. 8 k. 5 wd. 2 pris. 

FrebU^B Parm^ Poplar Sjpring 
Chmrek, Va. 
/ Sept. 80. Begt. 11. 


2 k. [P.] 


(Battalion) loss 

not given. + 


Of 75 men. 4k. 

10 wd. [P.] 




6 k. [P.] 


16 k. [P.] 


4 k. 16 wd. 




8 k. [P.] 


4 k. P.' 


7 k. pF.; 



Arihur^B Swamp, Va, 
j Sept. 80. Regt. 1 Cav. Dismounted. 
\ Oct. 1. 2 k. 8 wd. 1 m. 

Weldon B. B,, Yellow Tavern, Va, 
Oct. 1-^. Regt. 1 H. A. 4 k. [P.] 

Jackson, La, 
Oct. 5. Batt. 2. No loss. 

4. 1 section, no loss. 

Darbytown Boads, Va, 
Oct. 7. Regt. 24. 2 k. 6 wd. 

4 Cav. Ist Battalion. 
Skir., no loss given. 
Boydtown Plank Boad, Va, (Becon- 
noissance to), 
Oct. 8. Regt. 57. 14 wd. 

Tom's Brook, Woodstock Baces, Vm. 
Oct. 8, 9. Regt. 2 Cav. 2 k. 10 wd. 

mi f continued). 

Strasburg, Va. (Beeonnoi9$an€^ to). 
Oct IS. Eegt. 34, 15 k. [F.] 

Darbytown Boad, Va.(MtconnoiBiatice 
Oct 13. Regt. 2i, 5 k. U wd. 

Cedar Crtek, To. 
Oct, 19, Ee^. 26. 5 Cos. 8 k. 11 wd- 

16 pris. 
30. 13 k. 96 wd. [¥.] 
34. 6 k. [F.] 
88. 6 k. U wd. 35 prts. 
2Cav. 7 k, 16wd.[F.] 
3 Car, Dismounted. 
fi k. 72 wd, & m. 

Aid^tfr'j J?ufi* Fa. 
Oetty. Begt. 11. 5 k. [F.] 

19. Skir. 1 k. [F.] 

20. 1 k. [FO 
83. Not seriously en- 

35. Not engaged. 
3G. Support. 
57. 1 wd. 
59. No loss. 
1 H. A. 1 k. 6 wd. 
1 Cav. 2 wd. at Din- 
widdle C. H. 
Batt. 5. Not active, 
9. - 

10. Sk. 2wd. 

11. No loss. 

WStliamsbnrg Road, Fair Oaks^ Va, 
Oct. 27, 28. Regt. 24. 2 wd. 

40. Skir., DO loss. 

mm/tff mih s. c. 

KoT. 30. Rcgt. 54. CCos. 3k.38wd. 

4 m. 
55. 31 k. 108 wd. 

Ipris. [F.] + 

Btoney Creek Station, Va. 
Dec. 1. Begt* I Cav. Sup. bat. no loss. 

Deveaux Neck, S. C. (slight skir. J. 
Dec 6, 9. Begt. 54. No loss. 

65. 1 k. on 9th. 

Weldon S. B^ Fa., Mxi>€dition. 
Dec 7. 11. Regt. 11. No loss. 

32. Tore up track. 
89. No loss, 
1 Cav. Three 

Creeks. 1 k, 
1 H. A. No loss. 
Batt. 5. No loss. 
11. *^ " 

Jamet Mand, S. C 
Feb. 10. Begt. 56. 1 wd, 

WiJcm Bridge, WUe's Fork, N. C. 
Mar. 8-10. Regt. 17. 10 k. 30 wd. & m. 
23. 3 k. 10 wd. 

26, 6 wd. 

27. 8 k. [F,] 
Kimton, N. C. 

March 14. Hegt. 28. 8 k. 10 wd. 

South Anna Biver, Fa, 
March 14. Regt. 2 Cav. No loss, 

Averyaboro\ N, C. 
March 16, Begt. 2. 8 k. [F.J 
33. 1 k. 10 wd. 
BentonvilUy N. O. 
Mar. 19-2L Begt* 3, Sup., noteng'd. 
83. 5 wd. Expedi- 
tion March 22, 1 k. 
Fort Stedman, Petersburg, Va, 
Mar. 26, B^. 19. Sup. Batt. 11; 
also picket, no loss. 
20. Support. 
29. 10 k. 
37. Sklr. 
57. 10 k. [F.] 
69, Caught in works 
aud escaped. 
Batt. 11, No losH. 

14. 1 k. 4 wd. 11 prls. 
Petersburg, Duncan's Bun, Va. 
March 25, Regt. 28, 17 k. [F.] 

1 H. A. 3 k. [F.] 
Spanish Fbrt, Ala. 
Mar. 26.— Apr. 8. Batt, 4. No loss, 
7. 3 wd. 
Boudlown, White Oak Boads, Va. 
Mar. 29-31. Begt. 19, Sap., no loss. 

32. 1 k. sklr. [F.] 

84. 2 k. " [F.] 

1 H. A. 8 k. [F.] 

Quaker Boad, Graeeity Bun, Va. 
March 29. Regt. 28. No los^, 

89. 4 k, scv, wd. 


Chnealogieal OUaninffs in England. 


1865 (continued). 
Five Forks, Va, 
April 1. Regt82. No loss. 

39. Few or no losses. 
2 Cav. 1 k. 7 wd. 
South Side B. B, Petersburg, Va, 
April 2. B4^. 28. Of 20» 6 wd. 
89. Not engaged. 
Petersburg, Va., Fall of. 
April 2. Regt. 19. 1 k. [F.] 

20. Not engaged. 

84. 9 k. [F.] 

85. Carri^ ammnn'n 

nnder flre. 8 k. 

86. Ik. 4wd. 

87. 8 k. 

56. 4 k. [F] 

57. Skir., no loss. 

58. 7 k. [F.] 
61. Fort Mahone, 

7 k. 28 wd. + 
1 H. A. No loss. 
BaU. 5. 4wd. 

9. No loss. 
10. *» »• 
14. •* •* 
Fort Blakeley, Va. 
April 2-9. Regt. 31. Escort, no loss. 
Batt. 2. No loss. 

1865.— Jbtt Blakeley (conHnued). 
Batt. 7. Ik. 

15. No loss. 
SaOor^s Creek, Va. 
April 6. Begt. 19. Present. 
20. " 

28. ** 

37. 14 k. [F.] 
2 Cav. 6 wd. 
IH. A. No loss. 
High Bridge, Va. 
Apr. 6. Regt. 4 Cay. 8 Cos. Sofflcers 
k. 5 wd. on field. 
Batt. 10. No loss. 

Bic^s Station, Va. 
April 6. Regt. 34. Ik. [F.] 

FarmvUle, Va. 
April 7, 8. Regt 19. Not actire. 
20. ** *' 
28. *' " 
IHA. No loss. 
Batt. 10. No loss. 
Danieltts Plantain, Ala. 
April 11. Batt. 2. No loss. 

Boykin*s MUls, 8. C. 
April 18. Regt. 54. 5 k. [F.] 

Swift Creek, S. C. 
April 19. Regt. 54. 1 k. 4 wd. 


By Hbnbt F. Watbss, A.M. 
[Continaed from toL 45, page 304.] 

John Best, the son of Rowland Best of Twining, in the Co. of Glonces- 
ter, yeoman, and the son and heir of the said Rowland, deceased, do here 
declare this my last will and testament 18 June 1666, proved 4 May 1667. 
I give to John Best the younger, the son of John Best of Twining, and to 
his heirs, my lands which I purchased of Thomas Darke of Twyning 1654. 
I give to WUliam Hancocke of Twyning gen^ the son of William Hanoocke 
of Breedon's Norton Esq. my part of a lease granted by the Dean and 
Chapter of Christ Church, Oxon of the Rectory and Parsonage of Twyning 
to Edwin Baldwin and John Porttman of Twyning for one and twenty 
years, the said John Porttman for himself, John Best, John Adams, Thomas 
Sparry and William Deaves &c To Mary Hancocke, the wife of Richard 
Hancocke twenty pounds, a feather bed and bolster, a pair of sheets, a pair 
of blankets and my best coverlid. To William, Richard, Charles, John, 
George, Rowland and Septimus Hancocke, being the seaven sons of the 
said Richard Hancocke and Mary his wife, unto each of them twenty 
pounds apiece at their ages of one and twenty. To Thomas Best of the 
Kings home near unto the city of Gloucester, gardener, and seven of his 
chilcbeny viz^ Thomas the younger, John, Edward and Samuel Best, Joanei 

J 892.] 

Genealogical Gleanings in England. 


Dorothy and Eluabeth Be«t^ unto eaeb of them ten pounds. To Susanna 
HaDCocke, the wife of Richard Hancock© of Twyning, ten pounds. To 
Hester Be«t the daughter of the aforesaifl Thomas Best of the Kings home, 
fifty pounds. To Anne Darke, the wife of Thomas Dtirke of Twyning, 
five pooDds. To Charles Ilaucocke, gen*, of the Bllddle Temple in Lon- 
don, ten pounds. To Thomas Best's two dAoghters of Breedous Norton, 
A^Ttoe Best and Mary Best, ten jxjunds apiece. To WiHiam Hanoocke, 
the son of Edward Hancocke of Twyning, ten pounds. To Thomas Sav^ 
idge and Richard Savidge, oi the city of London, vintners, ten pounds 
apiece. To Richard Wittmore my servant forty shillings. ** Item I give 
and bequeath unto Richard Lea, the aonue of Collonell Richard Lea, teun 
pounds- Item I give and l>equeath unto ffraiicis Lea another sonne of 
Collonell Richard Lea, tenn pounds and my silver Tankard/* To Eliza- 
beth Richards widow, the wife of John Richards, carpenter, deceased, Jive 
pounda. To WUliam Hancocke, the son of Thomas Hancocke of the city 
of Woroesten clothier, five pounds. To the poor of Twyning eiglit pounds. 
To John Best of Crombe, clerk, ten pounds. To John Best of the Stone 
•eren pounds which he oweth us. To Sara Hancocke of the city of Wor- 
eester forty shillings. To George Best, the son of John Best of Twyning 
the reminder of my lease of a close of four acres i o Twyning. To John Best 
of Tirjning the younger, the son of John Best of Twjning the elder, all 
my goods &c unbeciueathed : and I make him sole executor. Carr, 58. 

[Who can doubt that tlie *' Collonell Richard Lea" mentioned in the abov© 
wul Witt CoL Richard Lee of Virginia? His sons were named John, Richard, 
Fnmcifi, Hancock and Charles, a very significant array of baptismal names 
considered tn connection with the nainea in this will. The pediprree of the 
family of Hancock of Twining (co. Glouc.) mav be found In the Visitation of 
the Cottiity of Worcester, 1682^, published 1883 (Walter C. Metcalfe, F.S.A.). 
It la perhaps needless to say thai I shall bear the naine.«i of Bcj^t aud Hancock 
la mind In connection with this problem* I have already secured a few notes 
sbont the Hancocfe family, and found evidence of a connection between Shrop- 
^Uieaad Worcestershire In the will of one John Best In 1631. — n. f. w.] 

December 1656. John Sp£KCer. On ye thirtieth day issued forth Let- 
ten of Ad"* To Anne Fillioll Spinster ye sister by ye mothers side of John 
Spencer late att Jamaica in ye part beyond ye seas, Batchelor deed* To 
Administer all & singuler ye goods chills and Debts of ye sayd Deed Shea 
bdog first sworne truely to administer &c., Penelope Sjiencer ye mother 
Thomas Spencer ye brother <Sc Rachelt Spencer the sister havelng in due 
tone of I^w renounced ye layd Adcou of ye sayd deeds goods. As by ye 
Ads of Court may appeare. P. P. C. Admons 1656, folio 316* 

"T" ' - ' ■ John Spenser, nephew and heir of John Spenser of Newbury, whose 
w i August, 1637, was proved at Salem, March, 164y, IiiAustin's 

Ku<^^ <.^Mu;id genealogy, the nephew is mentkmed as possibly Mentical with 
Mm SgMnocT of Newport (1661) and East Greenwich (1677), CUrcumi*taDtiAl 
tfldeiioe pointed to this conncctlou, and the work of Spencer genealogy, now io 
pfogreaa, has strongly favored it. Hence tlie impoil4mce of the discovery to 
^CDoer family history. 

8ome other Items about this line of Spencers In addition to those supplied in 
the will discxirered last year by Mr. Waters (see Ezgibtkr, Oct. l«yo, toL 44, 
Mge ddl), are the following. 

The records of burial of the two brothers^ John and Thomas, appear together 
(f! \Uc^ T.jirisih rr^n^i^ti^r of King8tou*upon-Thames, co. Surrey, England, under 
d . 1 id 29 respectively . 

I'iirUh of Chertsey has the baptisms of Thomas and Pene- 
k', V uiiOrcu. Their marriage took place Sept. 25, IG23, as recorded In 
rt«;^ui oX St. Peter's, Paul's Wharf. Penelope's maiden name was Jeni^an. 


Oenealoffical Gleanings in England. 


She wftfl baptised &t Shftlford, co. Essex. Oct, 24, 1591. (See Jeraegan pedigree, 

In which lier name appeani in 8Qckllng*s Suffolk.) 

A '' Pftrllamentary Survey " made In 1660, of Ruasells alias Banisters [?] Farm, 
meutioned in the will of Thomas Speuaer, is preserTed at the I'obUc Record 
Office in London. 

The profesaioDftl life of Thomas Spenier, yonnger son of Thomas and Pene- 
lope, was spent In Plymouth, co. Devon. He was a physician* 

Some references to Mm may be seen in ** The Western Antiquary/* published 
at Plymouth in Devonshire. — Rat T, Spejickr. 

The preceding admon, and notes were furnished me 'by Mr. Spencer of IS 
Bedford Place, Russell Square, London, Eaglaud.— n. f. w*] 

Stlyestek (anie^ vol, 37» pp* 291 ; vol, 45, pp. 295-6) : — 

[In the Proceedings Mass, Hist. Soc, Second Sories, vol. iv. pp. 270-291, are 
twenty-six letters from members of the family of Sylvester, written between 
1653 and 1683, several of them from Giles Sylvester in Barbados; commumcated 
by Robert C. Wlnthrop, Jr,, AM., from the Wlnthrop Papers.— Ej>itor.] 

Williams, Dighton and Lugo (antey vol 45, pp, 802-4): — 

[Hon. Joslah H, Dnimmond, of Portland, Me., in Ids article previonsly referred 
to on the Dighton family in the Maine Hlttoriml and Qtneaioffieal Recorder^ voL 
6, pp. 562-6, prints the following extract from a deed dated Feb. 11 » 1713-11, 
sworn to March 4, 171^11, and recorded In the Registry of Deeds for Bristol 
County, Mass, : 

" Easter Marshall, a widow four score years of age, living in Norton, 
whose maiden name was Hester Lugg.dau. of Mr. John Lugg and Jane Lugg 
Ms wife, wlio lived near the citj of Gloucester in Great Britain, for and in 
consideration of the care which her son-in-law, John Hall of said Norton, 
hath for many years past taken of her ju her old age, and that he cou- 
tinueth to take the like care of ber, aud liath obliged himself to provide for 
her all things necessary for her comfort during her natural life, and for other 
good causes and considerations especially moving,'' etc. Gives all her 
rights, etc, in the estate of her honored father and mother, John Lugg and 
Jane Lugg, deceased, and in any other estate of her kindred and relatiTes 
which might come to her in Great Britain or New England, to her son-in-law 
John Hall, whom she appoints her attorney. 


This proves that John Lngg and his wife Jane of Boston, came from 
vicinity of the city of Gloucester, Eoglaml, and with other known facts L 
little doubt that »fane Lugg, was a daughter of John Deighton and a sister 
Frances wifuof Richard WiUiam«ancl of Katharine successively wife of Samuel 
Hagbnme, Gov, Thomas Dudley and He v. John Aliin* Messrs. Lngg, Hagbunie 
and Williams probably came frona Gloucestershire to New England about the 
same time. 

John Lugg settled at Boston. His lands are recorded in the Book of Posses- 
sions (Record Commissioners* Second Report, partli., second editiou, page 29), 
They were on the southerly side of the present School str*?et, on or near where 
the easterly end of the Parker House now stands. His wife Jane was admitted 
to the First Church, Feb, 10, ie38-& (Wlnsor's *' Memorial History of Boston," 
vol. 1, p. 572). — After hia death his widow married Jonathan Negus. On the 
27th of October, 1647, Negus was *' granted the inheritance of the house and 
ground of John Lug to the value of 2(>^ that he may dispose of the same towards 
the education of his five children " (Mass. CoL Records, il. 198). 

Besides Esther, the maker of the deed, who must have been bom in England, 
John and Jane Lugg had three children, bom in Boston, where their births are 
entered on the town, and their bapti8ms on the churchy records. They were 
Elizabeth, b. 1638^9; Mary, b. 1642, and John, b. 1644. Esther Lugg married 
Ist, Jmnes Bell. For a record of their children see Registkr, vol, 16, pp, 327-8. 
He was killed by the Indians in 1676, while laboring in the field In that part of 
Taunton now Raynliam (Baylies's Memoir of Fijmouth Colony » part 3, p< 192), 


Genealogical Gleanings in England* 4T 

His widow Esther married Richard Marshall, Feb. 11, 1676-7 (RKOiSTEBt vol, 
17, p. ^3«). Of the children of James and Estlier Bell, Mary, l>. July 7, 1669, 
married July 19, 1693, Joseph Hall, ancestor of Capt. John W. D. Hall of Taun- 
ton, aecpetary of the Old Colony Historical Society. Another daughter Esther, 
tl.Aa^. 15, 1672, married Dec. U, 1692, John Hall of that part of Taunton 
vlllch afterwards became Norton and then ManittSeld. He Is the son-in4aw 
mcntiooed In the deed. For these facts I am chiefly indebted to a letter of Capt. 
Hall and the article by Mr. Drammond in the Mmn€ Historical and Genealogical 
Mmorder^ yol. 6, pp. 862-6. 

An ftrticle on the family of WlUlama of Wool^n-undcr-edi^e appears in the 
mamof&UrtMre NoU$ and Queries for Jnly, 1891» vol. v. pp. 92-6. In the sarae 
■lapiitnfi, Sept. 1S91, voU V. pp. 135-6, Is an article i>y Mr. Conway Dighfcon of 
CbgltiwilMun on the Deightona of Glonc^stershire. — Eoitok.] 

[The foUowiof wills of members of the Gyse or Guise family of Gloucester- 
shirt (See Heraldic Visitation of that connty) will prove of interest through 
their niftUioo of Washlni^ons and also of Haviland, with whom the llolworthy 
family and the Torrcy family of New England were connected. — h. f. w.] 

John GtnrsE of Elmore, GIouc-, gen*. 31 March 1614 proved 24 October 
1€14, To brother William Guyse the yoanger one hundred pounds. To 
my sister Ha vy land for life the use of fifty pounds and after her decease 
the principal to my brother William Guyae the younger. To brother 
Charles Guyse thirty pounds. To my sister Perrye twenty ehillings, not 
thai I love her less than any other but because Grcid bath blessed her hus- 
band with so good an estate that she hath less need than the rest. The 
rest of my goods &c. to brother William Gwyse the eider whom I make 
my executor. Lawe, 98. 

William Guise of the City of Gloucester Est|^*, 22 July, with a codi- 
cil 80 December, 1640, proved 31 May 1641. To the poor people of that 
city ten pounds to be distributed amongst them within three months. To 
my beloved brother Sir Willium Guise* knight, twenty shillings to buy him 
a ring. To the Lady Elizabeth his wife and my kind aister whom 1 have 
i?er foand loving to me and mine the like sum of twenty shillings to buy 
lier a Kng. To my dearly beloved wife my house at Gloucester wherein I 
lire and the garden for one and thirty years, if she live so long. To my 
daughter Anne Guise towards her marriage portion three hundred pounds* 
To my daughter Elizabeth Guise three hundred pounds towards her mar- 
mge portion ; these portions to be paid them at their several days of mar- 
rhge cw* several a^s of twenty and one years* To my servant Joyce 
Keide my wife's km s woman ten pounds within one year. All the rest to 
my wife Elizabeth whom I make and ordain sole executrix of this my last 
will and Castament " hartely praying her by that true and unfained love 
thai wee have borne each to other and the mutuall comfortea wee haue 
«doyed each from other both to our soules and bodies, to haue a care of 
tlidS6 if daughters the pledges of our unfained love and as shee hath 
Utherto donne soe to continewe to breed them upp and instruct them in the 
Smte of God soe shall wee all I hope one day meete againe to our ever- 
batinge comforte in the kingdome of Heaven.'* 

The codicil is as follows : — I give to my kind brother Hauiland and sis- 
lir and my nephew Matthewe Haviiand to each of them twenty shillinges 
to buy them a ring. Item, I give to my tmsty servant Richard Merrye 
Jbrty shillings. Item I give to my servant Edward Wheeler forty Bhillingea. 
To my servant Richard Hancock the horse that his mother gave me whea 
lie came to me. To my servant Aune Nasbe twenty shillings. 

In presence of Robert Haviiand and Matthew Haviiand. 

Evelyn, 60. 



Genealogical GhaningB in England. 


William Gtse, of Elmore (Glonc) Esq* 10 November 1650, proved 
14 September 1653. To be iDterred in tbe parish church of Elmore near 
my father. To my wile Ciasely all my plate, household stufiF and goods of 
vrhat quality and sort soever, and one Lease which my father (Sir WiJliam 
Gy»e) purchased of Mr. Ockald for three of my brothers lives, viz*. Georgej 
Aotbony and Edward Gyse, oue of which Hires is since deceased, vU. 
George &c. Other leases to her. To my eldest daughter Elizabeth Hor- 
ton twenty shillings to buy her a ring. To my second daughter Ellinor 
Washingtoo twenty shillings to buy her a ring to remember me. To my 
third daughter Frances Codrington twenty shilling (Stc, And I desire to 
have this poesy engraven in the inside of all their rings — Vive ut Vivas, — 
All the rest to my eldest son Christopher Gyse whom 1 make sole executor. 

Brent, 41, 

[A pertigrr<?e of tbe HavUands may be fouud in the Visitation of Gloucester- 
shire (Harl. Pub. vol. 21, p. 78). ,Tane, daughter of Robert Havliand by Eliza- 
beth (Gyse) was the wife of Wtlllam Torrey of New England. See Haviland 
and Torrey wills, Register, voL 45, pp. 150-^ j 2t)8-302.— h. p. w.] 


John Woodward of Qniuton, in the Co. of Gloucester, gen*, 21 April 
1612, proved 13 May 1612. My body to be buried in the parish church 
of Stratford upon Avon near to the grave there of my deceased father 
Richard Woodward gen*. To William Abraham, my godson, soq of 
Richard Abraham of Quinton, Bucks, g6o\ my mesaaage or tenement in 
Strationl wherein Frances Woodward my mother now dwelletli. 

Item, I give and bequeath utito Thomas Washington gen*, my wife's 
brother*in-law, all that my pasture ground and meadow in Quinton, Glouc, 
for the term of one thousand years, he paying yearly unto Alice my wife, 
during her natural life one annuity of twenty pounds heretofore by me 
graiiCed unto her, issuing forth of the said lands. To John Lane son of 
Nicholas Lane gen*, five pounds. To John Perkins my servant leu pounds* 

My wife Alice to be sole executrix and my uncle Thomas Woodward 
gen*, my brother-in-law Richard Murden gen' and Nicholas Lane gen* to 
be overseers. Fenner, 42. 

[This John Woodward was the one who ^mamed Alice the widow of Mr. 
Walter Wa^hhicrton of Kadwsy , Warwickshire (see the Washington Pedigree)* 
Her will (1642-ifi47j has already heen publishe<i (RKGiflTER, vol 43, p. 412, Oct 
1889). The above testator belonged to the fanilly of Woodward of Butlers 
Marston (see Visitation of Warwickslilre, Harh So. Pub, pp. 119 and 227), be- 
ing a Bon of Richard Woodward of Stratford upon Avon, and Frances, daughter 
and heir of Paiot. His wife Alice was a daughter of John and KatheriJie Mordeo 
alia* Murden, of Morton MoreH, Warr. (aee same Visitation, p. 319}.— h, f. w*] 

CATHERijrE Curtis of lalipp in the Co, of Northampton ** gen*," 6 De* 
cemher 1622, proved 17 June 1626. My body to be buried in the church 
of Islipp, To Mordant Washington^ my godson and grandchild, the sum 
of fifty pounds to be employed and laid out for his best benefit and to be 
paid unto him, with a true account of the profits and gain thereof, when he 
shall come to the age of twenty and one years, and if he depart this life 
before his age of one and twenty years then my executor shall pay the 
aforesaid sum, with all profits by it made, unto the next child of my uatural 
daughter Mary Washington when it shall come to the age of twenty and 
one years, whether the said child be a sou or a daughter. I give to my 
natural son Philip Curti^s and to my daughter Curtis his wife, to the &rtt 


Genealogical Gleaninga in England. 


begotten hj tbem the sum of fifty pounds, whether it be son or daughter, 
to be paid at the age of twenty aud one years. I give unto my natural 
daughter Mary Washington the sum of thirty pounds. All the rest of my 
goodi, moveables and chattels unbequeathed, my debts aud mortuary paid 
uid my body reverently brought to the grave, I give unto my natural and 
veil beloved ton Philip Curtb, my sole executor of thia my last will and 
Michael Westfield was one of the witnesses* Hele, 92, 

[Mrs, Catherine Curtis wiis the Tnother of Mary» who was the flrst wife of Sir 
John WashingtoD of Thrapston, knight (seethe Washington Pi*diL,rrce) and of 
PhUip Curtis, wbo Uiarrie<:l Amy, one of the slflters of Sir John and of the Rev. 
Lawrence WaehingtoUt rector of Furleigh. The willsi of FMlIp Curtis and hia 
widow. Amy Curtis, have been already published (See REGiaxEii, vol. 42, pp. 
403, 404, Oct. 1689).— H. w, w.l 

Raxald Grahme of Nunin^ton, co. York, Esq', 14 Novemhcr 1679, 
irilh a codicil dated 25 May, 1 680, proved 2 December 1 685. Body to be 
baried within the parish church of Nuningtou. To my nephew Sir Hichard 
Grahme of Neiberby, co. Cumberland^ Barr' aud to the Honorable the Lady 
Anne Grahme his wife the sum of lifiy pounds betwixt them, to buy them 
moumiDg, and I do hereby recommend Charlea Grahme, now eldest sou of 
the said Sir Ricbard Grabraet to the care and kindness of my dearly be- 
loTed wife. Item, I give and bequeath unto Sir Richard Grahme of Nor- 
ton Cony era in the Ck). of York, Barr*, and his now wife twenty pounds 
Apiece to buy them mourning. To my nephew James Grahme, privy pura© 
to his R- H. James, Duke of York, and to Dorothy his now wife tweoty 
^.-.....,^^ apiece to buy them mourning, and I do hereby release to my said 
.V James Grahme all such debts as he oweth me upon any account 
wiiiiLsoeter. To Sir Henry Goodricke, knight and Barr*, and to his now 
lady, mj rnece, twenty pounds apiece to buy them mourning, and moreover 
I give unto bis said lady, my niece, my onyx ring which she formerly gave 
me. To my nephew Col. George Legg, and Barbara his now wife, and to 
hii mother Elizabeth L egg and to William Villiers godson, twenty 
pounds apiece to buy them monniing, and also to Susanna Wilsou and her 
biiAbatid twenty pounds between tbem to buy them mourning. To the 
md Col. George Legg my diamond ring with four great stones in it set 
Around with Buiall diamonds, to hold, use and enjoy for the term of hia 
Bttural life, and after his decease I give and bequeath the same to tlie said 
William Legg, his son, my godson, forever. To Sir John Churchman 
twenty pounds to bny him mourning. To Katberine Foster late wife of 
0^>tain Foster ten pounds to buy her mourning. To my sister Sands twenty 
potmds to buy her mourn iiig and to her tlaugbter Elizabeth Washington 
one buudred pounds. AIho I do hereby give and bequeath unto Mrs. 
Penelope Washington and l^lr^, Mary Washington ten pounds apiece to 
boy them mourning. To ^Ir. Thomas Jackson one hundred pounds and 
ten pounds more to buy him mourning, I do hereby release unto Edward 
Carleton the twenty pounds be oweth me and 1 do give him thirty pounds 
more^ and five pounds more to buy him maurning. To Riehard Grahme 
once my groom four pounds per annum payable quarterly during my wife*! 
life. To Archibald Johnston once my butler twenty pounds and to John 
Grahme once my ser^^ant five pounds to buy him mourning. To the now 
Lord Bishop of Oxford, the now Lord Bishop of Exeter, to the Lord Chief 
Jostice North and to his brother Dr. North, to Richard AUestry Dr. io 
Divinity and Provost of Eaton College, to Dr, Barwwick, to Sir William 



Genealogical Gleanings in England, 



Wjld of Londan, Barr*, Sir John Coell, Sir William Turner, Sir Robert 
Clayton, John Morris Esq., Matthew Johnson Esq., Col. Richard Grace, 
Mr. Charles Usher, Mr. George Usher, Mr. John Cooke, Mr. Broughton, 
Mr, FothergiU, Nathan Ttlson, Mr. Christopher Conyera of Cli£Ford*s Inn, 
Mr. Robert Elan shard and Francis Child, to each of them a ring of the 
value of twenty shilling. To Christopher Story four pounds to buy him 
mourning. To my cousin Richard Gralime, principal of CHffbrd's Ion, 
London, one hundred pounds, and twenty pounds more to buy him mourn- 
ing* To my cousin Jane Smith and her sister Sara Gregory five fioundft 
apiece to buy them mourning. To old Dicke Grahmo (annuity). To the 
poor of Nuiiington, West Ness and Stangrave, York, of Lewsham, Kent, 
and of St. Margaret's, Westminster. To William Charleton of Hasleside, 
Northumberland, and Elizabeth his wife, my niece. To Dame Mary Mas* 

frave, widow, my niece, and to her son Sir Richard Musgrave of Hey ton, 
Jumberland, and his sisters Frances and Catherine. To Sir Cuthljeri 
Heron of Chipchase, Northumberland, and his lady, my niece, and their 
BOO Cuthbert* To Winifred Fisher who was the daughter of my master 
William Lathum, who wjis very kind to me when 1 was his apprentice* To 
my worthy friend CoL Edward Villiers. To Philadelphia Eston daughter 
to Peter Ladore my friend. To my nephews Fergus and Ranald Grab me 
and my niece Margaret Fenwicke. To my nephew William Grahme the 
sum of two hundred pounds, to be paid him within six mouths next after 
he shall be instituted and inducted vicar of the parish church of Lewshanii 
Kent. For the use of the poor in the parishes of Arthevvrett and Kirk An- 
drews, Cumberland. To Ranald Grahme, coachman to my nephew Sir 
Richard Grahme. My little nephew Charles Grahme, son and heir ap« 
parent of my nephew Sir Richard Grahme of Netherby. 

I make and ordain my worthy friend John, Lord Bishop of Rochester, 
my dearly beloved wife Susanna Grahme and Sir Rjchai'd Grahme of 
Ketiierby executors of my will &c., and desire my said nephew Col, George 
Legg and the said Richard Grahme of Clifford'i Inn to be aiding and 
assisting to my said executors* Cann, 150. 

[Tlie above testator belonged to a great border family of whom the Grahams 
of Esk, of I^orton Couyers and of Netlierley were braDches. His wife SusaoDA, 
whose will bas already been ^veu {sre Registek, vol, 42, p. 410, l>ct,, 1891), 
was a (lauuhter of Sir William Watililiiig:lon (see the Waslilngton Petligree), » 
sister of Col. Henry Wastiington, governor of the **e7er faltM ul " city of 
Worcester and a niece of the rector of Furleigh.— u. f. w.] 

William Legqe of the parish of little Minoriea Esq. maketb his will u 
followeth, viz.: to his son William Legge 2000^^ at 21 years, to his daughtef 
Susan L. 2000'^ at IB years or marriage, they in the meantime to be main- 
tained out of profits at discretiou of executors, his son George l^egg and 
Elizabeth his wife Exec a tors, Harry Norwood Esq. and George Wharton 
Esq. trustees. Written according to the directions of the said Testator 
and approved by him in the presence of G. Wharton^ H, Norwood^ Johjt 

A nuncupative codicil of the same day^ declared that, as the real eatati 
in Ireland was settled upon hi.s son George in marriage, it was concluded 
needless to mention it in the Will. His sisters, being three, be recom- 
mended to his son George, who declared he will do as his father hath dons 
formerly. He said he had several legacies to poor kindred, but, beincr de- 
sired to declare those legacies, he named no person, his spirits being spent 
and faint. Datad ll-8ber, 70, proved 18 February 1670, 

Genealogical Gleanings in JEngland. 


On tbe 18" day of November, A-D. 1700, commission issued to the Lady 
Biirbara* dowager Baroness Dartmotith, relict of George late Kurou Diin- 
mouUi deceased, one of the executors named in the ahove will, to udmiiiis- 
ter ihe goods &c of the said Col. William Legg deceased, left unadminia- 
tered on account of the death of the said Baron Dartmouth, and for the 
reason that Eliiabeth Legg» relict and the other executor, liad departed 
Uui Ufe. Duke, 23. 

Dear Sr Lavinff Sister, Virginia, June y* 22**, 1699. 

I hafl the happiness to see a Letter which you sent to my Aunt Howard, 
who died about a year and a half ago; I had heard of you by her before, 
but ootild not tell whether y»m were alive or not. It wiiB truly ^reat joy 
lo hear that I had such a relation alive as yourself; not having any such a 
ooe by my Father's side as yourself. JVly Father had one Datighter by 
my Mother, who died when she was very young, before my remembrance* 
Hy Mother had three Daughters when my Father married her, one died 
hut winter, and left four or five children, the other two are alive «& married 
aod have had several children. My Mother married another man after my 
Father, who spent all, so that I bad not the value of twenty shillings of 
my Father's Estate, I being the youngest & therefore the weakest, which 
generally comes off short. But 1 thank God my Fortune has bee!» pretty 
good sLDoe, as I have got a kind and loving wife, l>y whom I have had three 
sons and a daughter, of which I have buried my daughter and one son. I 
am ofrmid I fthall never have the happiness of seeing you, since it has 
pleaaed God to set us at such a distance, but hoping to hear from you by all 
opportuuitiea, which you shall assuredly do from him that is, 

Your ever loving Brother 
till death 

Jn** Washington. 

If you write to me direct yours to me in Stafford county, on Potomack 
River in Virginia. Vale. 

To Mr«* Mary Gibson, living at Hawnes in Bedfs. These sent with 

[The above very interesting letter has been sent me by Mr. Worthlngton C. 

Pofilf* (T>7 Clark Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.) It 1ms flrst been piibllslied in hla 

.►n of Washington Wills (Historical Fnnting Club, Brooklyn, N. Y., 

.iS a foot note on page 25. Mr. Ford tellt* nie that It U a copy, -sent to 

lUKir, • ' "' - ' '• ' ■lioubtetUy genuine. It wiis evidently written by the 

*on of < on, the inmiigrant, to his half sLstcr JSIary, daughter 

if 1-nv . ._. . . : wife (Mary Jones). It adds to our knowledge hw 

1 name. She was In all probability, the wife of Edward Gibson, Vicar 

,v ue«, who dieil 1 1 May 1732, ml. 71."— M. I. (See Geneiilogia Bedfordieii- 

frite, by Frederick Augustus Blaydes, printc<l at the Chiswick Pre^s, 18U0J. The 

fAtt4<>r of Mr. liiliHon. of the name baptismal name and likewise Vicar of this 

■ ■ ' ' ill, IfVJO. He died 22 Apr. jet. 73. Mary Hazcldeu of 

1(1 June, 1G7IK mentions her nephew Edward Gibson, 

is dauj^httr Mary Butler, and sons Edward, John and 

J ret, wife of Edward Gibnou, she gave all her lands, 

-nstitutcd her sole executrix. The Iie|jister of Bap- 

' that the ttec^iud Mr. Edward Gibson had a wife named Mary. This 

(Wasbington ?), proi)abiy died before her hu.'^band, if I draw 

reuce from his wSUj w^hich I found in Prerog. Ct. of Cant. 

vecnted 6 Jan. 1723, and proved 17 June, 1732. He calls him- 

-rvi iujiJi>LifM . mentlonji brothers John and Scth, the latter to be executor, 

M.otber deceased* Granddaughter Mary Pemberton (her father deceased). 

VOL. XLVf, 5 

5S Genealogical Gleanings in England. [Jan« 

Sons Edward and Gr«orge. In 1732, at date of probatCt George waa of Stv 
Martin's tn tbe Ficlda, Midd., and Edward was of tlawiies* 

I wo a kl 5 n Ingest that tbe "Aunt Howaid" of the lett^*, wad the Mjirtha 
Washington wnoni Col. John Wasblngtoii, her brother, mentions in Ms will tm 
having come to Virginia. — h. f, w. 

Since the above copy was received from Mr- Waters, the letter of John 
Washington, June 22, l»19^, has been annotated by Mr. Pord and printed in the 
New York iVation, October 15, 189L 

Hn¥me9. now spelled llaynos, \a a parish In the hnndred of Flitt» Bedford- 
ahlre, about four miles m^rth ea^t of Ampthill. — Editor.] 

In the New York NaChn for July 16, 18^)1, the editor quotes from a corres- 
pondt-nt, who, we are InforniL'd, is Mr. N. Darnell Davi;* of Georgetown, 
Demarara, t*j the effK*t that the orl^rinal manuscripts on which Walker's 9uJlbr- 
In^s of the Clergy Is founded are presented in the Bodleian Library, Oxford, 
" There are about 25 or 30 voluraet* iu all. Uf these some seven are of a blo- 
jEfraphlcal nature, conslstiiiief of letters from persons who gave facts set forth in 
the printed work/' Mr. Davis beinj; interested in the ipiesTtion of WashJnj^n's 
ancestry made a rapid ijlanee ovtT these vohimes, which are not Indexed, In the 
hope of finding the letter w^hich j^nvQ a |?ood character to Rev. Lawrence Wash- 
ington of Piirleigh, and possil>ly learning the name of the small living which he 
was allowed to bold. But he w:i-s unsuccessful* The next month Mr, Waters 
visited Oxford and examined the books with a better resnlt, as is shown In s 
commiinicAtiou from Mr, Whltraore in the Nation for October Stb last; as 
follows : 

*' Following up the suggestion made In the Nation for July in, lft!>U that the 
nianuserii>t authorities for Walker*s ' Account of the SufTeringis of the Clergy * 
were In the Bodleian Librarj-, Mr. H. F. Waters has recently examined the 
volumes with gratifying resuUs. He writes under date of Sept. 1, I SHI ; ' Thia 
afternoon I came upon the chief letter upon wMch he [Walker] evidently de- 
pended for his infommtion about the .setinestered rector of Purleigh.* This let- 
ter, he adds — ' was in worse order than anything I had been looking at. It, 
and two or three acconipanyiiig papers, had evidently sutteretl from dampnesSf 
And had been eaten, I think, by dies, perhaps by mice. The letter wa» probably 
written in 1706 (Judging from the dates of those near It), but where from or 
by whom, there was nothing on the face of it to at llrst sight. It was 
devoted to the cases of Mr. Cherry, Mr. Washlngt^m, and Mr. Wright of 
Wltham. He spoke f)f Mr, Cherry, as having ' dwelt 20 miles from me.' A 
little further on he writes : ' The first visitation our diocesan matie here at 
Easterford Kelvedon Mr. Cherry preached,' etc. Then comes this reference: 

*' * I doe not remember that ever I knew or heard of Mr. Washington after 
he bad been sequestered, hut ther*j was then mw Mr. Itoberts a neighljor of 
mine whti was owner and patrnn of a parish so small that nobody would accept 
of his church (but with difflcolty) and Mr. Roberts enterLained Mr. Wa.shingl00t 
where he was suflVred quiutly to preach, 1 have heard him and tooke him to be 
a very worthy pious man. I have been in his company there, and he appeared 
a very modest sober person, and I h^ard hhn rt'conmi ended as snclj by several 
gentlemen who knew him Ijefore 1 did. He was a loyal person, and had one of 
the best benellees In these parts, and this w^as theonely cause of bis expnlsion as 
I verily believe,' 

** Mr. Waters adds that against both paragniphji^i'iz. , those relating to Mr. 
Cherry and to Mr. Washington— Walker had written, ' See \iisi pnragraph in thlf 

. J. W.' Turiiiug to the last pamgmph, where dampness and die?* had done 

the moat mischief ^ Mr. Waters could make out only the word ' Braxted.' A 
reference to Morant's * Essex ' showed that Braxted I'arva w^as just siich a poor, 
mean living, and that the patron was Thomas Roberts, Tlie Visitation of 
Essex shows the lioberLscs to have been there for four genenitlons in 1634. A 
comparison of haudwritings showed that the writer of this letter was the 
Henry Ayloffe who wrote auuther letter in the same collection, under date of 
March 2 «V, nOG, annotated by Walker as * Esf|nire and Justice of the Peace.* 
As Morant says that the AylotTe^ had their chief seat at Braxted Magna, this 
letter seems to be of the highest authority. There vras a Henry Ayloffe, third 
son, bom about 1G30, according to the visitntion of Essex, in 1G34, who se^^DOA 
to be the writer. The early r^^Uter of Little Braxted seems to be lost, bal 

Genealogical Gleanings in England. 



pCDbftblj farther se&rch wiH gire more particulars about Lawrence Washington 

Soon after this discovery, Mr. Waters was Informed by his frlend> MIbs 
Walford* an experienced geiiealogri?^t» of her discovery of the place aod date 
of the bnrlal of Rev, Lawrence Washingrton, as follows : 

«<46 GL Coram St., RusseU Sqxiare, W.C., 
** Dear Mr. Wat^t, 15 Sept. 1891. 

While searching the Register of the parish of All Saints, Maldon, Essex, I 
fonnd the following entry which ! am sure will Intercast yoti : 
*Mr. Lawrence Washington burled Jammry i!L 11152/ 

I therefore send yon a note of It at once, ho|>iiij^ that you will malce whatever 
use yoa pleaiie of it. Yoars very truly^ 

Emma M. Walford. 
Henry F, Waters, Esq," 

Mr. Whltinore after announcing this discovery continues: " Maldon )a but 
three miles north from Purlei^h. and is an old and comparatively larjze town, 
the natural abiding place of anyone Interested In Furlel^h. The inference Is 
irti-iUtiliU^ that we have at last discovered the death of Guortre Washington's 
h progenitor. I may here add that Little Braxted is about six miles 
II 1 1 Maldon, lying just to the east of William. From Purlelgh to Braxted 

le^ss than nine miles in an atrllue." 

Mr. WhUmore notes that in the library of Mr, Samuel G, Drake was sold a 
i vat John Rogers, minister of Fiirkngh, who was ordered to pay Mrs. 
^ li a portion of the tithes (See Rkoister. vol. 45» p, 240). This book 

* ■"■■ '^'^^■t^bio^raph leal items, and he thought they might bave some 

r. 1( and asked if tliat or auothur copy could be found. 

I urn to the Xation, Oct. 22» 1891, Mr. Worthiugtou C Ford 

states that he bas found a copy of the book inquired for in the library of the 
Kew Tork TheoloEr^eal Seminary. New York city, and he gives some interesting 
facts about the rivt^d from that volume. Nothing, however, is found 

relative to his .>r, Lawrence Washington. Tldei John Rogers was a 

toa of U^w N- ; jjgers of Messing, and a grandson of Rev, Vincent 

Rogers of Htr:: xv, traditionally descended from the martyr. He was 

father of John , ,t mercliaut of Plymouth, who was created baronet Feb, 

11, 1698, jncestor of the late Lord Blachford. Tbt? book in Mr. 

Brake's C4i Hire the title '*Ohel or Betlishcmesh ; a Taberuacle of the 

Sun," Ac. Mr, Ford states that there is no printed title in the book be quotes 
frocD, but there is a written title, " Dod or Chart ran. the Beloved," ijfec., and 
thil ** Ohel or Beth^hemesb " is the heading of one division of the work. CoL 
Chester, In his life of John Rogers the martyr, pp. 287--8, gives both titles in 
his Wat of the author's works. 

Another communication from Mr. WMtmore is printed In the Nation for Nor. 
6« aa follows t 

** To the SdUar of the Nation : 

'*Sir: Since an English writer haa seen fit to refer to the Rev, Lawrence 
Washington of Furleigh as " a drunken parson^* I have fonud great coosola- 
tjon in looliing over the * Annals of Evangelical Nonconformity in Essex/ by 
the Rev. T. W. Davids (London , 1.SG3). The author has considerable to say 
about the Episcopal ministers who were expelled from their livings in 1643, 
doubtless for their loyality, but ostensibly for other causes. He quotes the 
evidence in many cases. He cites (p. 346) the charge against Washington as a 
tippler and often drunk, but he also quotes the same charge against many 
Others. I notice these cases: T* Punter (p. 232 J, Thurman (p- 233), Fairfax 
(p, 233), Hurt (p, Sas), Turner (p, 239), Southeu p. (239), Chamberlain (p. 242), 
fro*t (p. 2i:i). Staples fp. 245), Washington (p, 246), Lake (p. 247), Heard (p. 
«49), Laud (p. 249), N. Wrights curate (p. 250), Darnell (p. 251), Hull (p, 253), 
Brlnsley (p. 341), Bird (p. 349), Beard (p. 350), Man (p. 380), Benson (p. 417), 
" lolsoa (p. 422), BilUo (p. 512), Deersley (p. 515), F. Wright (p, 518). 


The present rector of Little Braxted, tho Rev. Ernest Geldarl, has written to Mr- 
ittmoie that the old registers prior to 1730 are lo«t. The EoberU family is extinct, 
Tbomai dying in 16S0, when the estiUe passed to the AylofTet. 

S4 Genealogical Gleanings in England* [Jan, 

** Here there aro twenty-flve cooes, where clergymen were deprived, in whJch 
thii* same charge of dninkenness la made. Considering: the social habits of the 
tlmp, and the fact thflt most of theae^ If not all, were also accused of excessive 
attachment to the cause of Episcopacy and monarchy, h* It not evident that the 
charge \& a mere pretext, and that Mr. Washin^on doea not de^ierve to be 
singled out for opprobriom and judged accord! n^: to recent standards or morals? 

"From Mr. Dar Ida's hook I orioan one or two Interesting points. Thus he 
states (p. 302) in regard to Braxted Farva, '* The return In H>50 la ' Mr, White 
was presentecK but he hath left ii about three years, and Mr. Roberts provides 
for the supply of the cure/ Lands. MSS. 459,** Again (p. ir>(j) he j^ays of the 
Rev. Nehenilah Rogers of Messing, that he was sequestered at Bishopsgate in 
1G43 and at Ely in Ifilj. '* He continued to preach, however, for three yimrs at 
Little Braxted, for upwards of six at St. Osyth, where he is found in 1650, and 
ultimately became rector of Doddinphurst, where he died." 

*'It would seera, then, that Mr. Ko be rts hail given this 'poor living' first, 
about ir»45, to Nehemiah Roirera ; then, about 1G47 or 8, Mr, White was pre- 
sented, but in place of hi in Lawrence Wa>*hln*;rton took it. It is certainly very 
curious that It \\n» John Rogers, son of Neht-nilah, who expelled Washington 
from Piirleigh (p. 272), and that the latter wan thrown upon the same charity 
w^hich hail siipportf^d Rogers's father. As Nfliemiah and his son seem to have 
been on opposite >*idiiSt 1 presume that there was no retaliation in this. 

**If, by any happy chance, tbe family papers of the Robertsea of Little 
Braxtf'd have been pref*en*ed, we may yet learn something of this patron of dls- 
tre?v:*ed clergymen. The ftr^t of the name at that place was Thomas, auditor to 
Hetry Will' His son was Clement, whose son Thomas married Alice Hobi 
and was alive in 1613. Then came Thomas, the owner In 1634, whose 
Thomas was aged sixteen. As the father then had ten children, it seems pi 
able that be deceased before the Ch il War, and that it was the young maa who 
was the friend of Nehemiah Rojjers and Lawrence Washington. 

*' In IGtJO, among the si*;nrrs of a petition to Gen. Monk, calling for peace 
and amnesty f Davids, p. :i23),are Sir Benjamin Ayloffe of Great Braxted and 
Thomas Roberts of Little Braxted. 

** Mr. Davldr^ (piotes a^ iinthorities Cole's IklSS., I^ndsdo^vne MSS. 459, Add. 
MSS. 15t)*iO, 15609, and 15070, abn Jonrnab of the House of Lords, Journal of 
House of Commons, and State l*aper Oflice files. lie seems to say that many 
of the original papers in regard to these setiuestrations are prese-rved. If so» 
w^c may yet llnd the petition of the tvife of the rector of Purlelgh, and learn 
her Christian name, or w*e may get a siguature of the Rev. Lawrence Washing- 
ton. Col. Cbester*s references, as quoted by Mr. Conway, are Harl. M8, G244, 
in reganl to the petition for tithes ; and Pab. llec. O. Charles L, W. 58, No. 29, as 
to the chancery suit. w. n* w-** 

The English writer referred to by Mr. Whltmore is a correspondent of the 
London Nttttis ami Querit^s, July 11, 18iU, page 23, who writes under the stgna- 
ture of '* Vernon," Among other things, Vernon speaks of stime deeds which 
she had lately copied, one of which *' puts beyond a doubt " that Sir John was 
the eldest son of Lawrence Washington of Sulgrave. This c^mflnns a suspicion 
of Mr. Waters, wliicb be conimunicated to me some two years ago. ** Vernon" 
is Mrs. Vernona I. C. Smith of Barnes, Surrey, England, as appears by her let- 
ter to the Nation for November 2G, In that letter she states that the documents 
relating to the Washingtons, ri*f erred to by her in Note^ ami Queries, havebeea 
sent to an American friend, I hope that this gentleman will give the substance 
of thera to the public In due time. 

The Rev. Edward D. Neill, D.D., of SL Paul, Minn,, has contdbuted to the 
Nation, Nov. 19, 1801, further details relative to the family of William Brod- 
hurst of Li lie shall, Shropshire, whose sou Walter's widows n£*e Ann Pope, was 
the second wife of John Washington (ante, vol. 44, pp. 80, 195-*}). The 
baptisms of the children of the second Walter Brodliurat, half-brother of Law- 
rence Washington, are given by Dr. Neill, from the parish register at LiUe»haU, 
as are the inscriptions on the tombstones of two of them* 

It will be remembered that Col. Chester at one time was very anxious to ob- 
tain a copy of the signature of John Washington, the emigrant, to compare 
with that of John W., of London, on a deed dated in H>5 7, as was stated by 
Col. Chester In the New York HWld March 29, 1870, and repeated by us in the 
REGid'i'EB, VOL 45, p. 203. By the expressions which he used, it was anderstood 

1892.] Marriages of East Parish, Bridgewater^ Mass. 55 

tliAl thU deed was Id CoL Chester's possesgioti, and hia executor* Mr. Cockajne, 
lUA kindly made thorough but futile search for it. By a letter received receotly 
^Y>iD Mr. James Colemau, of Tottenham Terrace, London N,^ it seems that he 
advertised this deed in his catalogue, toI. xlL No. 119, for 1877. He sold It to 
Col. W. Newsome, K. E., before Col. Chester arrived; bnt, as it had not been 
delivered. Col. C. was able to malie an abstract and to trace the signature. CoL 
Kewsome, In 187&, printt^ privately a tnict entitled ** yorksbire as the Home 
of the WasMn^ons." (See RECiiSTiiU, vol 44, p, 200.) He cites this deed, 
without eayiBg ibat he owned it. From the catalogue kindly furuished us by 
Mr.Coleman we copy the description. It was a deed, dated 1G57, signed by John 
Washia^tot], citizen and draper, and Margaret his wife* one of the dau^jhtera 
of Henry Harwood, gent., to Robert Abbott, citizen and scrivener, relating to 
houses near Fleet Bridge, London. Newsome adds the precise date of tlie deed, 
J«Be ft, 1657, and elates that Margaret was one of six cMldren, the others being 
Thomms^ Henry, Frances, Martha and Mary Harwood ; and that their mother 
WiB named Martha. It seems that Col. Newsorae^s papers are not at present 
leoaagtble ; but now that we know that Col. Cheater had only an abstract and 
a tnu:tog of a signature, these may possibly be found in his papers. The 
tdmiasions to the Drapers' Company, if still preserved, should show the parent- 
age of this London man* Of course, we can now refer to the original signature 
of CoL John Washington of Virginia, on Ms vnW.. A facsimile of tliis signature 
wiU be found In vol. 45 of the Rkgwteil facing page 199. Col. C!u*st<?r stated 
iatbe Niew Tork World tliat he knew the history of the London John Washington. 
Two pamphlets on the genealogy of the Wa>^hingtou family have lately ap- 
peared, the titles of which will be found in the Book Notices In this number. One, 
by CoL Thornton A. Washington of Washington, I>. C, gives the descendants of 
the elder emigrant John Washington in the line of President Washington, and 
oootinaea it in the Hue of the president's eldest full brother, Samuel. The 
other is by Rev. Horace Edwin Hayden, M..^., of Wllkes-Barrc, Pa., and Is 
dtroted to the descendants of the younger emigrant Lawrence.^ — Editor, 


From March 4, 1725, to August 8, 1803, 

By ibe Be v. John Angler (settled 1724, died April 14, 1787), and the Ecr. Samuel 
▲ogior» hi9 BQtt and colleague (settled 1767, died Jao. 18, 1805). 

GoBmanlcated by the Ber. Hskry F. Jenkb, A.M*, of Cnnton. Mnas., from dio original 

IMtfmtcript in the pofieuiim f.if Mins Mary H. East, of East IBridgi water, 

great^great-graaddaugiiter of the Rev* Jobo Angier, 

f Continued from vol. 45, page 285.1 

Jinry. 29th 1782— Eliphalet Baily & Martha Robinson, both of Bridg- 

•aler, were marry'd by 8. Angier. 
I£ftrch 26th 1782 — Joshua Bowen of Roxbury & Abigail Smith of Bridg- 

trater, were marry*d by S, Angier. 
July 18th, 1782 — Reuben Harden of Pembroke & Rebecca Harden of 

Bridgwater were marry 'd by S. Angier. 

St 7th. 1782 — Seth Hobart & Esther Allen, both of Bridgwater were 

iDftnyM by 8, Angier, 
lugust 211 tb, 1782 — Josiah Torry & Olive Pratt, both of Bridgwater were 

marry'd by S. Angier. 
. 25th* 1782 — Benjamin Richards & Polly Bartlett, both of Bridgwater, 

ware marry^d by S. Angier* 
No?br. Hth. 1782 — Ezra Kingman & Susannah Whitman, both of Bridg- 

water, were marry'd by S* Augier* 


56 Marriages of Ea»t Parish^ Bridgewater^ Mass* [Jan. 

Novbr, 28di 1782— Robert Packard & Ruth Barrel both of Bridgwater, 

were marry 'd by S. Augier* 
Decembr, 5th, 1782 — William Brett & Molly Allen, both of Bridgwater^ 

were Diarrj*d by John Angier. 

Returoed to ye Towd Clerk. Janry 20, 1783. 

Janry. 23d. 1783— Charles Ramsdel of Pembroke & Betty Terril of Bridg- 
water, were marry'd by S. Augier, 

March Wi\x. 1783 — Matthew Guanett of AbingtOQ & Alice Latham of 
Bridgwater, were marry*d, by S. Angier. 

April 3d. 1783 — Rotheus Mitchel & liepza Hay ward, both of Bridgwater,^ 
ufere marry'd by S- Angier, 

April 15th. 1783 — Solomon Inglee of lialiiax & Bathsheba Orr of Bridg* 
water, were marry*d by S. Angier, 

July 17th. 1783 — David Snell & Molly Baker, both of Bridgwater, wer« 
marry *d by S. Ai»gier. 

Aagnst 1 Uh. 1 783 — JoBhua Pool of Abington & Lucenda Latham of 
Bridgwater, were marry M by S. Angier. 

Sept. 4th. 1783 — Jacob Mitchel & ye Widow Sally Whitman both of 
Bridgwater, were marry'd by S. Angier. 

Octobr* 23d. 1783— Reuben Mitchel & Anne Wade, both of Bridgwater, 
were marry'd by S. Angier. 

Octobr. 30th. 178?? — Joshua Pratt & Mary Pratt, both of Bridgwater, 4b 
also Thomas Phillips & Martha Whitman both of Bridgwater, were 
marryM by S. Angier. 

Novbr, 6th, 1783 — Capt, Simeon Whitman & je Widow Sarah Byram, 
both of Bridgwater, were marry'd by S. Angier. 

I>ecembr. 11th. 1783 — Samnel Faxon & Priscilla Thomas, both of Bridg- 
water, were marry'd by S. Angier. 

Retarned to ye Clerk, Janry. IsL 1784. 

Janry. 1st. 1784— James Reed of Abington & Ruth Porter of Bridgwater, 
were marry'd by S. Angier. 

March 4th- 1784 — Reed Erskine of Abington & Blary Whitmarsh of 
Bridgwater, were marryM by S. Angier. 

April 22d. 1784 — Jacob Whitmarsh, Jnnr. & Aiina Pool, both of Bridg- 
water, were marry'd by S. Angier 

April 2%l\\ 1784^-Isaiah Whitman & Chloe Phillips, both of Bridgwater, 
were marry'd by S. Augier. 

May 20Lh, 1784~^Revd. William Reed of Easton & Olive Pool of Bridg- 
water, were marry'd by S, Angier. 

May 2ath. 1784— Isaac .Keith, & Betty Keith, both of Bridgwater, were 
marry'd by S. Angier* 

June 10th. 1784-'George Erskine & Huldah Whitmarsh, both of Bridg- 
water, were marry'd by S. Angier. 

June 17th. 1784^Spencer Forrest of Halifax & Abigail Wad© of Bridg- 
water, were marry'd by S. Angier. 

Sept. 30th. 1784 — John Ramsdel of Pembroke & Hannah Allen of Bridg- 
water, were marry *d by S* Angier. 

Octobr* 2l3t 178 4-— John Phillips «& Jennet Young, both of Bridgwatar, 
were marry'd by S, Angier. 

Novbr. 16th. 1784 — Daniel Orcutt & Olive Whitman,, both of Bridgwater^ 
were marry'd by S. Angier. 

Kovbr. 23d* 1784— -Josiah Johnson, Junr* & Euuice Allen both of Bridg- 
water, were marry'd by S, Angier. 

Marriages of East Parish ^ Bridgewaier^ Mass. 

NoTbr. 25th. 1784 — Jacob Allen & Susanna Alden, both of Bridgwater, 
were marry *d by S* Angier, 

Deeembr. 16th, 1784— Thomas Osburne & Hauoah Wade both of Bridg- 
water, were marry *d by S* Angler, 

Deeembr. 22d. 1784— Joseph Chamberlain & Sarah Baas, both of Bridg- 
water, were marry *d by 8, Angler. 

Hetomed to ye Clerk Febry. 2L 1785. 

The following is an account of marriages coiifiummated by me, Samnel 

Janry. 13th 1785 — ^I marry*d Samael Harden of Abington & Relief Spear 

of Bridgwater, 
Janry, 27tb. 1785 — I marry'd Benjamin Darling of Pembroke & Sarah 

Lowden of Bridgwater. 
Febry. 3d. 1785 — I marry'd Thomas Chamberlam & Molly Whitman both 

of Bridgwater. 
Febry. 17th. 1785—1 marry M Peter Salmon of Hanover & ye Widow 

Eanice Whitman of Bridgwater. 
March 8th. 1785 — I marryM Hoiman Keith & Sylvia Keith both of Bridg- 
March 9tb. 1785—1 marry 'd Hugh Orr, JunV. <& Sylvia Mitchel both of 

March 10th. 1785 — I marry 'd Samuel Dunbar, a transient mulatto Fellow 

dc Hannah James of Bridgwater. 

March 15th. 1785 — I marry 'd John Edson ye 3d. & Suaanna Orcutt both 

of Bridgwater \ [water. 

May 26th 1785—1 marry'd Simeon Allen «Sb Huldah Cary, both of Bridg- 

June 2d, 1785^ — I marry 'd Capt. Isaac Whitman & Bathsheba Allen both 

ol Bridgwater. [water. 

July 14th. 1785 — I marry 'd James Lovell & Jemima Leach, both of Bridg- 

^SepL 15ib. 1785^ — I marry*d James Barrell & Betsey Russell both of 

^ft^ Bridgwater. 

^■lovbr. 17th. 1785 — I marry'd James HaiUBdel <& Eunice Allen both of 
^■^ Bridgwater. 
^^>ecembr. Ut, 1785 — I marry*d Daniel lunaley <& Molly Keith both of 

^H These marriages returned to ye Town Clerk, March 11th. 1786, 

^W The following is an Account of the Persons marry*d by me, Samuel 
Angier, with ye time when they were marry'd, 

bbry. 7ih^ — Byram Allen of Bridgwater & Elisabeth Child of Roxbury. 
ebry. 9th — Thomas Blauchard, JuaV. of Abingtou & Susanna Latham of 
ebry. 9th — Levi Keith the 2d & Huldah Keith, both of Bridgwater. 
[arch 2d — Samuel Pool, Jun'r. & Abigail Porter, both of Bridgwater. 
f^j 25 — Nathaniel Dammon of Marshfield & Molly Allen of Bridgwater. 
May 25th — Roger Sutman & Phil lis Suel, both of Bridgwater, Negroes. 
Aognst 24th — Ueory Jackson & Mehitabel Atdeu, both of Bridgwater. 
Sept. 26th — James Willis & Sarah Jackson, both of Bridgwater. 
l>eoembr. 21 st — Matthew Allen ye 2d. & Jane Keen, both of Bridgwater* 
R^tomed to ye Clerk Janry. 1st. 1787. 
[To b« continued.] 



Rev, Stephen Bachiler* 


By tbe Eon. GHAiii.Ba B. BATOHSLOSBr of Pomtnoath^ K* H. 

The word " bekchelor " baa long b^en a sore pazzle to etymologists, saji 
Lower, in bis work on English Surnames.* That the name ** Bachelor," 
however spelled, is the same as the word ** bachelor/' meaniDg an UDmarried 
man or a college graduate, is unqaestioned, but many derivatioDs haTe been 
gi\'eu by diOerent authors to account for the meaniug of the word, some 
most fanciful and even grotesque, others with more probability of correct- 
Dess. Knights bachelors were the most ancient, though the lowest order, 
of knighthood in England. 

It is said in a note to Chitty'a Blackstone that the roost probable derivft- 
tion of ** bachelor " is from bos and chevalier^ an inferior knight»t 

The derivation of the word is given in Webster's Dictionary as from the 
old French ** bachiler," meaning " a young man." A common derivation 
given is from ** baccal aureus," having reference to the chaplet of laurel 
berries with which the new bachelor of arts was crowned. The earliest 
mention of the name indicates that it was given originally to mark the con- 
dition of its possessor as an unmarried man or as a young man, when there 
was an elder person of the same Christian name living in the neighborhood. 
The English registers of the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, where we 
first meet the name, use the French prefix ** le." Thus we find Jordanus 
le BaclielerTt Gilbert le Bacholer^f that is, Jordan the bachelor, Gilbert 
the bachelor. We may be reasonably sure that the names Jordan and Gil- 
bert were then so common in a particular neighborhood that it was neces* 
sary to indicate by some addition to the Jordan or Gilbert that there was 
an elder or married person of the same name in the immediate neighbor- 
hood. If ** Bachelor " meant simply an unmarried man it was not proper 
or fitting at the death of Jordan le Bacheler in 1297, for he left surviving 
him a wife, Alice, and a son, John« It is, therefore, probable that the word 
** Bachelor" was used at that time much like junior, meaning simply "the 
younger," and though at first given to an unmarried man was not dropped 
upon marriage, as it was a convenient and not inappropriate designation of 
the younger, whether single or married. At a later period the ** le,*' being 
supertluous, was dropped, and in 1433 we find John Bacheler returned in 
the commissioners* list of the gentry of Norfolk, England, though John y' 
Ba^chealer died at Kelsale in Suffolk, Feb. 1, 1552,11 

We do not know where the family originated. There is the usual family 
tradition, which bears on its face the marks of improbability, that three 
brothers by the name of Bachiler served under William the Conqueror and 
were rewarded after the battle of Hastings in 1066 by a grant of land in 
Wiltshire. For sign manual they were given a shield upon which were 
three boar's heads, united by three links, a spear above them couchant 
There was no crest, indicating that they were private soldiers, 

* Lower*s PMroDTmlcA Biittanlca, 20* 

t Note to page 404. 

1 Cakndarium Genealogkum, I2d7. 

f Rotult Claasfiiriiin in Turti LondonenflL 

5 Enters of the Paiiih of Ediale, 3»Solk. 


Sev. Stephen Bachiler. 


Belore 1600 we find the family name in the csounties of Kent, Surrey, 
SoMeiE, Wilts, Hampshire, Backs, Middlesex^ Norfolk and SutFolk, all m 
the •oiith-eiisteni part of England* Very few are iourjd north of London. 
The earliest mention of tlie name is found in Surrey, and very probably 
Surrey or Sussex was the earliest home of the Bachilers. 

It is impoBgible, at present, to trace the relationship, if aoy existed, be- 
tween the early Bachiler families in England, or to decide whether the first 
eaugnuits of that name to America were kindred. The Ipswich aj)d Salem 
€oiigrautfi were brothers. The names associated in some of the early Eng- 
liih fiimilies indicate that Alexander Bachder, the emigrant, of Portsmouth^ 
wfts a relative of the Salem and Ipswich Bachilers^ as Mark Bacheller of 
Brading^ io the Isle of Wight, died about 1614» leaving a brother Alexan- 
der Biicheller. two sons, John Bacheller the elder and John Bacheller the 
younger, and three daughters.* Mark was a family name among the Salem 
H lut neither that name nor Alexander has been found elsewhere in 

tL' „ J families. Such evidence is of course slight^ but is worth noting 
in the abeeuoe of more convincing facts. It is probable that other relation- 
ship existed between some of the Bachiler emigrants, but further and mora 
careful search must be made in England before this interesting question of 
zdatiouship can be settled. 

There were seven immigrants of the Bachiler name : 

1. Alexander of Portsmouth, N. H. 

2. Rer, Stephen of Lynn, Mass., and Hamptoai N. H. 

3. Henry of Ipswich, Mass. 

4. Josepli of Halem, Mass. (now Wenham), 

5. John of Salem, Maes. 

G. William of Charlestown, Mai+s. 

7. John of Wfttertown, DeciUam and Reading, Masg. 

There are living descendants of the Bachiler name from four of these 
immigratiU, namely, Rev. Stephen, Joseph and John of Salem, and John of 

It b not proposed in this article to give a sketch of the lives of any of 
these first settlers, except that of Eev. Stephen Bachiler, and in his case 
il>oat fdl that can be done is to rearrange the old material, add some new 
Ekcs, recently discovered, and correct the numerous and gross errors in 
regard to his immediate descendants. 

The treatment accorded to those early citizens of Massachusetts Bay, 

who fell ander " suspicion," at the hands of their more othodox brethren, 

llBA been bo long frankly acknowledged and the causes so thoroughly ex- 

pliiiiddt tliAt it can no longer be considered derogatory to the Massachusetta 

OMiimoowealth to speak plainly concerning the treatment of Williams, 

Wheelwright and other disturbers of the Puritan State. To do otherwise 

would be affectation. There was intolerance on the part of the Bay Colony 

wk! al^o on the side of " the suspected.'* The latter should have withdrawn 

from the settlement previously occupied by the church-state 

1 the former had not then learned that the sure way to perpetuate 

Mioxy is to persecute and punish its adherents. Naturally the Massa- 

^ historians have chronicled the virtues of the clergymen who upheld 

h use tts plan, and the opponents of that plan, being neglected, 

. ,.^.lily forgotten. It is said of Samuel Skelton of Salem, Mass., 

r^ has come down to us concerning him, owing, it ia said, to the fact 


6D Itev, Stephen Bachiler, [Jan. 

that *' be differed about clerical aaftociations and other subjects, from mo6i 
of the principal persoos iu Masaacbu setts/ '* ^ 

We know that Stepheu Bachiler con tended, with a vi^or aod eamest- 
oesfi unusual for a man of Mb years, against the Puritun doctrine of a 
religious common wealth, against that union of church and state to which 
they clung as to the ark of their safety,! and which has since been univer- 
sally conceded to be a lamentable error. 

lie lived to see the iMJginuing of the downfall of that *' experiment fraught 
with evil," as the halfway covenant, allowing baptized persons, not church 
members, upon asaenting to the church covenant, to have all the rights of 
members, except communion, was approved by the Synod called in MaiSft- 
chusetts in 16574 

We know further that^be most zealously matutaiDed the rights of the 
New Hampshire settlements in their contest with Maasachu setts, which 
ended iu 1641 in the control of the weaker province by the stronger. 
Whatever material advantages were secured by New Hampshire, through 
this union of the colonies, and they were by no means inconsiderable, were 
valued little by those ardent iriendB of New Hampshire, who resisted the 
aggressions of the Bay colony. 

The great wrong done New Hampshire by the attempt to pervert the 
Massachusetts charter so as to iriclude all territory south of an east and 
west line through the head of the Merrimack, could never be condoned by 
any advantages arising from the union. Stephen Bacliiler staked bis 
fortunes on the continued independence of the New Hampshire settlemeot^i 
and lost If the cause he championed had prevailed, he would tcnlay be 
remembered with gratitude as one of the stoutest champions of New Hamp 
shire, and hia life would undoubtedly have been materially different. 

He had settled Hampton under the authorization of Massachusetts, yet 
bis subsequent acts show that be never supposed either of the Massacbuaetts 
claims to Hampton well founded* He knew it wa« not within their patent, 
nor vacant land first occupied by Massachusetts.§ Why tlien did he pro- 
cure a grant from the General Court of J^Iassacbu setts and act under their 
directions? It was because he had already felt their displeasure and thought 
the grant might be iu some way a protection to himself and his company in 
making the settlement. But it is not worth while to discuss these matten 
at length, as they excited great bitterness once, though now, happUy, loog 
settled and entire good feeling prevails between the two states. 

Stephen Bachilen for so he always wrote hia name, was born somewhere 
in England in the year 1561. At the age of twenty he entered St. John's 
College, Oxford. He was matriculated November 17» 158 K and admitted 
as Bachelor of Arts February 3, 1585-6. The leading profesuion for col- 
lege graduates in that day was that of a clergyman, and be determined (a 
study for the miniatry, being then a member of the established church. 
Apjiareutly the time between his graduation in February, 1685-6, and Julyt 
17, 1587, was spent in prejmration for his life work, for on the day liiii 
named, the death of Edward Parrett, vicar of Wberwell in Hants, makiiig 
a vacancy in that living, he was presented with the place by William Wett, 
Lord Lawarr (or de la Warras it waa written later), and became vic»f 

• Sprague's Ameriom Piilpit, Vol. I. 8, 

t Story's Com. Seltlement of Salem, Muss., 34. 

J 1 Sprai^e's Am. Pulpit, InL xx» and xxL 

See reply of Mass, to the rcmonan-iince of Exeter at the tettlement of Hamptcm. 
iat, N. E., vol. i.» 290, 303, 304, 


liev. Stephen JJachiier* 


of ibe Church of Holy Cross and St. Peten* Od the 20th of Jauoary, 
1587-8, the new incutnbent compounded for the payraent of the tirat fruita 
ol the Ticarage. 

The Tillage of Wherwell stretches along the westerly bank of that ♦* trout- 
fnl Btream *' the Te«t, in Hampshire, three and one half miles from Audo- 
fer. Very great historical interest attaches to this retired town and its 
tteleiii fDonastery. Wherwell Abbey has been the home or the abiding 
plied of three and perhaps four English queens, who were renowned for 
tll«lr extraordinary beauty. The parish of Wherwell hardly had any ex- 
iitetiee apart from the Abbey down to the year 1543, for until that time 
Ibe Superior of the Monastery was Lady of the Manor, and owned the 
mMe rfUage and a large part of the neighborhood. The same cbtirch 
lerved for the parish and the monastery, with presumably a chapel for 

I parochial services as at Romsey* It had also a chapel with a special en- 
trance which was appropriated to the " Priory " as a pew. The earlieBt 

, mention of Wherwell, or Whorewell, as it was then called, is found in the 
will of King Edred, A.D* 946, 955. He gave the town to the new Mon- 

I istery, inibsequently called Hyde Abbey, In the year 986 iElfridn founded 
ITherwell Abbey for Benedictine nuns in penitence for the bloodshed in 
whkfa she bad been concerned. In the chartulary of Wherwell Abbey the 
itory is thus told: "And in the place, which by the inhabitants is called 

I Wherwell, fonnded the Church of the Holy Cross, beseeching Christ, that 
He who, wounded on the (ever) memorable Cross, shed His blood fur the 
redemption of the human race, might deign to grant her the pardon (piu- 
chased) by His death, His wounds, and by the shedding of His blood rich 
(in graces )."t 

Wherwell contains five hundred and forty-one inhabitants, and must have 
been a very retired spot until the London and South Western Railroad ran 
a branch line through the town aboift the year 1BH3, and built a very sub- 
ttantial and commodious station at Fullerton in the parish of Wherwell, 
Many of the residences, and especially (he old court house near the station^ 
are of early date and look as if they had not changed appreciably in three 
omtnrtes. The old Parish Church of Holy Cross and Si, Peter wa*^ pvilled 
down wid rebuilt in 1858. The old building wus repaired after the He- 
ISMmadon with the best portions of the Abbey ruins. With the exception 
of airaie fragments of mouldings, one monumental ef^gj^ and parts of two 
moo omen Is, there are absolutely no traces of the old church. J 

Of Stephen Bachiler's life at Wherwell we kmow nothing. The Church 
records were begun in 1634, or at all events no earlier records now exist* 
We only know that he remainetl here until 1 G05, for on the ninth day of 
August, 1605, John Hate, A.M., clergyman, was appointe<l Vicar of Wher- 
well, a vacancy existing because of** the ejection of Stephen llachiler.'* the 
la*t vicar.§ Not much more is krtown of his life in Eiiglatid, from the loss 
of his living at Wherwell to the spring of \iyS2, when he sailed for New 
Eoglaod. He was excommunicate<l from the church, and so no church 
record exists showing his abiding places. Probably he preached to dif- 
ferent congregations, not in a settled way, but when he could avoid the 
persecution of the church people. Occasionally we get a glimpse of hifl 

, location. In 1610 he appears to be still a *^ clergyman of the County of 

• Btt hop's Re^stnr, Winchester, Eng. 
t "Hic Story of Wherwell Atibey, 4. 
: The Storv of Wherwell Ahl>cy, U. 
BUbop'fi Ec^isny^ WiDChc^ter , Eng. 

Register of Tfaomaa Cooper, tO, 

Register of Thomas Bilioa, IS. 

62 Rev. Stephen Bachiler. [Ju. 

Southamptoo.'** On the 11th of Jmie, 1621, Adam WiDthrop's diary 
shows that he '' had Mr. Bacheloor, the preacher " to dine with him, pre- 
sumably at Groton in Suffolk. This may have been the subject of this 

Some of the parishioners of Barton Stacey in Hampshire, a few milei 
east of Wherwell, listened to his sermons at some time before 1 632, for we 
find that Sir Robert Paine petitioned the Council, stating that he was sheriff 
of Hants in that year and was also chosen churchwarden of Barton Stuoej, 
and that '^ some of the parishioners, petitioner's tenants, having been for- 
merly misled by Stephen Bachelor, a notorious inconformist, had demolished 
a consecrated chapel at Newton Stacey, neglected the repair of their pariah 
church, maliciously opposed petitioner's intent (to repair the church at hii 
own charge), and executed many things in contempt of the canons and the 
bishop.t Once more we hear from him on the 23d of June, 1631, when, at 
the age ef seventy years, he obtains leave to visit his sons and daughters in 
Flushing. He was then resident at South Stoneham, in the County of 
Southampton, and desires that his wife Helen, aged forty-eight yean, 
and his daughter, Ann Sandbum, of age thirty years, widow, resident in 
the Struud, might accompany him. He was to return within two montlis.| 
It would be interesting to know which of his sons and daughters then 
lived at Flushing, as Deborah Wing was apparently residing in London in 
November, 1629, when her husband, John Wing, made his will and pre- 
sumably she was appointed executrix of the will when it was proved 
August 4. 1030. as Mr. Waters makes no note that administration wai 
granted to any other person than the executrix named in the wiil.§ 

Stephen Bachiler was excommunicate<l among the earliest of the non- 
conformists. On the death of Elizabeth in 1603, James I. of the house of 
Stuart came to the throne. In January, 1604, the famous Hampton Court 
conference was held, when King Jaoaes uttered his angry threat against 
the Puritans, '' I will make them conform or I will harry them out of the 

The next year the King's threat was carried out against Mr. Bachiler, 
and no doubt he was thoroughly ** liarried '* after his excommunication. 
Winthrop says that Bachiler '* had suffered much at the hands of the 
bishops. "IT 

As early as 1630 Bachiler had determined to leave England and settle 
in America. At all events he made preparation for such removal. Mave- 
rick, in his Description of New England, says ^' there was a patent granted 
to Christo: Batchelo' and Company** in the year 1632 or thereabouts,tt 
for the mouth of the River (Sagadahocke) and some tract of laud adjacent 
who came over in the ship named the Plough, and termed themselves the 
Plough Comfianie, but soon scattered, some for Virginia, some for England, 
some to the Massachusetts never settling on that land.^^t 

'* The Plough ship of sixty tons on the 6th day of July, 1631, arrived at 

• Rc(H)rd8 of Magdalen Coll. Oxford, Eni;., June, 1610, admiuing Stephen BacbUer, 
aged 16 years, sou of a clergyman of IlAnip^hire. 

t Don'u'Mk' Calendar of State Pajwrs, 1633. 

J Hi;oi8TKH, July, 1891, pa*jc 237. 

f Kkqistkk, Julv, 1891, page 237. 

^I Winllin)p*«N.'E.ii.*44. 

•• Tliis must mean Chrispe, Batchelor and Company. John Chrlspc or Cri8pe,asthe 
name wh'» eominonly written, and Stephen Baehiler were grantees named in the p:uent. 

ft iluMhard ^ays, in 1630. A eoniem|M)rary MSS. in the possession of the Maine Hist. 
Society, gives ihe'exact date as June 26, 1630. ' Sec Maine H. & O. Rec, vol. ii. 6d. 

Xl Mavenck'8 DoscripUoR of New England, Regidteu, yoL 39, p. 35. 


Sev, Stephen Bachihr* 


Ktlaicott [Nantasket]. She brought ten passengers from London. Thej 
came with a patent to Sagartahock : but not liking tbe place they came 
hither. Most of them proved familists and vanished away/** 

It has been said that this grant wa« afterwards called the province of 
Lygooia, after Cicely Lygon, the mother of Sir Ferdinando Gorges; but 
Maverick says there was a jiatent granted for this (Gasco) Hay some years 
liBce by the title of the Province of Ligonia to CoUonel Alexander Rigby, 
which 18 no doubt true. It is earnestly to be hoped that this Plough patent 
or a copy will sometime be discovered. At present it is irn possible to de- 
fine the extent, of the grant or to prove beyond question what territory was 
oocQpied under iu Hubbard says it was south of the Sagadahock River and 
tweoty miles from the sea side, yet all agree that the origiual grant was 
forty mi lea sqaare. Two coi^temporary writers say it was a patent for 
Sagadahock.t Two islands in the River Sagadahock, near the south side 
thereoft about sixty miles from the sea, are included in the gratit^ but no 
mcfa islands exist. 

Great ignorance of our geography was shown in making the early granta, 
md they frequently overlap earlier grants* Sagadahock was a very elastic 
word in early days. It was applied to the river formed by the union of 
tbe Kennebec and AndroscoggiD, also lo the region about that river, pro- 
bttblj on both sides, like the present county of Sagadahock, and in later 
timet to all the land east of tbe Sagadahock River to the 8t. Croix. | 

It seems most probable that the Plough grant began at the mouth of the 
Sagadahockf ran inland on that river and the Androscoggin forty miies in 
a strmight line, but sixty measured on the river, and forty miles south and 
a like distance back from the Ocean, This was found to overlap earlier 
granlBf which had been so frequently made of Sagadahock.f 

« Wiuihrop'i N, E., i,* 68, Pritice 357- The liut ckase wm added lon^ ftfter its date by 
WjoUirop or a Utcr tiand. It tios scnred as a hmU for a cttroless Maine writer to chaise 
UiAt Stephen Bacbikr wa« a familial. FurtuDaiely other manifbst errors in the aaiue nrtide 
Isdibate it« nntrn^tworthlness. It is eTJdeot tbat the meiubers of the Pkuigli eotupaiiy who 
OAMdver \u IG32 were not familists. The fact ix that many of the curJkr settlers of New 
luglttnd wiTC of bad reptitatiou. Huadredi^ of iguorunt, Btunmu. cri^aturts were taken 
from the streets and sent over by un^^cnipiilous adTvnturerE, and inniimerahlo convktA 
were fet free on condition of eiDigrat trig to New England. The laa^r colonists, especuilly 
Iboae coming in the great movement Ix^tweeii 1030 titid 1640, were much anperior to the 
iarlier immignints. Winthrop would have know^ aod mentioned the fact if mchiler had 
boeii tftinted witb familism. In niatttTt) of opinion, that \& of belief, DaJton and Bachiler 
ureed, $ayt Winthrop. Who ever heard that Dalton entertained fdiuiliijtic opiniouB I The 
marge it ridieulouf and uuerly um^tipported. 

t MS. No. 344S Brit. Ma»eum and Col. Papers, Pub. Bee. Office, If. 16. 

X See^r&Dt by CharJea II. In 1664 to his brother James, Duke of York, of Sagadahock, 
•D called, indtiding all that land except a gmail tract at Peniaqnid. 

\ OnuiDed by Bltzabetb in 1578 to Sir Humphrey Gilbert, renewed in 15S4 to Sir Walter 
Baleigb. By tbe French monarch in 1603 to the 8ienr de Monts. Qmiiti'd about IdUJ to 
^ Ptymoiitii Company. Renewed and enlarged in 1620. Under thi$ grant Popham'g 
leolement waa made. Grant of 1622 of the Province of Maine to Sir P. Gorges. Ciui- 
CMihr eooogb be proposed to devote forty square miles at the mouth of the Sagadiiliock to a 
Vqibrfe plantation to be called tbe " State County," Grant of Edward Gorges* to Tboinas 
Lrwt^ nnd Cnpt. Kicbard Bonytbon, 12 Feb. 1629, four mlle» iong by eight milett inland on 
lii le of Sag.idah<xrk, Grunt tu the Plough Cf>Tnpajiy 1630. Grant from the ex* 

j il for Kew England to Sir F. Gorges in 163-5 from the PiHCiitaqna to the Saga- 

dii„ .,, rant of ten tliooftand acres to Mason in 1635, lying son thetwt of Sngadahock. 
RyiUi'fi grant from Gorges atxiut 1639. Revival of Plough patent in 1643 i)y Cieevc as 
deptiiy fur Rig^y. Several of tliese grants were in generai terms covering other territory. 

Yinea aay* in a letter to Wiothrop, January 9, 1643, that Cleeve extended hia i^ovefn- 
iMOi ** JVoto Sackadehock to Cape Porpus, being alxjuii 13 Icagut!* in length/* Jenner in a 
letter lo Wlnthropp dated 6. 2m. 46^ meations **"the tract of land which Mr, Cleeve doth 
diaUeng by vcrtue of bis Patent, vli, from Sacadehock River to Cape Porpus," and says 
Ibat JocelyD, who succeeded Cleeve, claimed " that Mr, Cleeve his terminu* a ^uo should 


Lee of Virgima, 


Wben the territory was actaally settled it was found that the bounds 
could only extend from the west side of Cape Porpoise to the east side of 
Cape Elizabeth, a distance less than twenty mileSt as Casco and most of the 
territory east of the Sagadahock, had been previously occupied under other 


By J. Hbkit Lba, Esq., Cedsrbarst, Falrhaven, Mam. 

The writer has had the pleasure of laying before the readers of 
the Register for January, 1890 (volume 44, pages 103 to 111), 
what seemed to him at the time, and haa been generally admitted by 
othera since, to be conTincing proof of the error of the previously 
accepted pedigree of the family of the Lees of Virginia by which 
they had claimed descent from the Lees of Qaarrendon. 

The promise he then made of fallowing this by another article, 
rebuilding what he had then destroyed, he is now able to, at least 
partially, fulfij^ — clear proof having been obtained that the surmise 
before made was absobttehj correct and that CoL Richard Lee was 
actually a cadet of the ancient family of Lee of Langley in Salop, 
as had already been asserted on the tomb-stone of his second son, 
Richard J and to support which we have now the testimony not only 
of this Richard's elder brother John, but likewise that of CoL Riehai^ 
Lee, the emigrant, himself, as well as the books of the College of 
Arms, the well known authority on all matters heraldic and gene* 
alogic in England. 

It seems then, referring to the proofs which follow, that Col. 
Richard Lee both used and claimed the arms and descent of the 
Langley family, and not only did he do so, but that this claim was 
admitted by the then officers of the College, as is shown by the 
letter cited of John Gibbons, Blue Mantle, who wrote in 1682, or 
only nineteen years after the death of the emigrant, with whom he 
seems to have been on terms of personal intimacy. 

The Queen's College Cup, of which an excellent illustration 
accompanies this article, leaves no doubt whatever as to the belief 

be^ 60 miles vp Chenebcck RiTer, becattso the Pjitent saftli, it must Ho nere two L 

which are flboat 60 niitos from the sea. Ffor answer to it the Patent abo saiih, the tract of 
land 40 miles sqiuirGi muat he on the south side of Sacadehock Aiver. Now Sacadeboci 
tlaer renchcth but to Merry Mcflting^ atid thon its hranchdd into Begipscot and Cheocb«ck, 
and is no farther caid by the name of Sacadehock. Now Sacadehock River is & c«itaiiit 
and snre place for one t€rme of Its bounds, hut the Isbuds aria doubtfUlf which they ar«, or 
wher ther are ; & more ouer ther possesAiou was first taken." See Hasa. Hist. Coll. Foarth 
Bedes, Vol VIL. S46, 359, 360, 


Xee of Vtrginia* 

the family at that date, of their descent and right to bear the 
in question. It hae been objected to the tomb-Btone that it 
ought have been erected at any period up to the present century ; 
but, in the case of the Cup, it is absolutely certain that it was givea 
lo the College at the date named, *.e, 1G58. We have then clearly 
ettablished the fact tliat the three earliest representatives of the 
family in America claimed this descent, and, as they were certainly 
gentlemen, it is monstrous to suppose that, had they come of the 
Quarrendon stock, they should have laid this claim to belong to 
ftoother and altogether distinct family. We have no other aliemO' 
lire le/l us but to accept their word! 

After this overwhelming proof anything so trivial as the names of 
the American seats of the family seems hardly worthy of mention ; 
but, as some liberties have been taken with the facta in the case, it 
may be as well to cite a few instances. In the Lee pedigree by 
Eev. F. G, Lee, published in London in 1884, the statement is 
made that Col. Richard Lee, the emigrant, built Ditchley House* 
This is notoriously incorrect, as the dwelling in question was erected 
by his grandson, Hancock Lee,* by whom this name (of which so 
much has been made) was Jirst used in America. That it was bo 
used is certainly a fact, but it must either be a singular coincidence 
in this ease, arising from the similar local character of the two 
estates, or else we must suppose that Hancock Lee, being at Oxford 
tt College, had seen and possibly visited Ditchley, the seat of the 
Quarrendon Lees, which ia only four miles distant from that city, 
and had called his plantation after the stately home of the Earls of 

Certain it is that CoL Richard never had any such estate, and it 
would appear from his will that it was not he who gave the name of 
Stimlford House (not Stratford-Langton as Dr. Lee has it) to his 
chief plantation, the mansion on which was built in the time of his 
grandson. Gov. Thomas Lee, on whose tomb-stone the name occurs 
lor the first time as of record, so far as the writer is aware. Other 
of the family estates were Lee Langley, Lee Hall, Cobbs, Paradise, 
&c. Of these the two first give a double testimony, if any such 
were required, as against the Ditchley name, as both were seats of 
the Shropshire family, while the latter are utterly meaningless in 
this connection. 

A more valuable collateral proof is to be found in the early con« 
nectioD with Virginia of the families of Corbin, Plowden and El- 
dred, all of them closely connected by marriage with the Lees of 
Salop* Sir Edmund Plowden of Plowden (ob. 1G55) was governor 
and captain general of the Province of New Albion , John Eldred 
of Great Saxam was one of the founders of Virginia, while the Cor- 
bin family are well known among the early settlers. Turning now 

• DiU^lilej wu boflt about 1687 by Hancock Lee., Lee, ££q. 

Letter of Alexander Brown of Vlr- 


Lee of Virginia. 


to the family conDection we find that Edmund Plowden of Plowden 
married Mary, daughter of Thomas Lee of Langley, the sherifF of 
Salop in 1546 ; John Lee of Norton Regis married Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter and heiress of Thomae Corbyne in the sixteenth century, while 
Richard, the ©on of the einigrant, married Lettice, daughter of 
Henry Corbin, Eaq, ; and Thomae Lee of Coton (born 1620) mar- 
ried Dorothy Eldred, and hia half brother, Lancelot, married her 
eieter Anne. 

Finally^ it is noteworthy that, up to a very recent period, there 
has never been any doubt entertained by either the American or the 
English branchee of the family of their communion of blood, and 
correspondence etill preserved makes it evident that they have al- 
ways regarded each other tm relatives. That \% to say, in 1740-50 
Thomas Lee of Stratford House corresponded with Lancelot Lee of 
Coton Hall jis a relative. In 1770-71 William Lee, son of Thomas, 
corresponded with Harry Lee, brother of the Lancelot Lee above 
named, as a relative* In 1810-24, Archibald Lee of Virginia (a 
descendant of Philip, grandson of Col. Richard), corresponded with 
Harry Lancelot Lee of Coton Hall aa a relative and visited him at 

These letters are etill extant, some in the possession of J. M. 
Wingfield, Esq,, of Tickencote Hall, Rutlandshire, and the others 
in the hands of W. B, Lee, Esq., of Seend, Wiltshire, the present 
(and with one exception, sole male) representative of the ancient 
family in question, and who is the writer*s authority for the above 
statement, and for whose cordial assistance and advice in this quest 
his warmest thanks are due and most gladly rendered. 

Mb nm m ni Ud Insert piton in Burnt Boitse Fields, Mount Pleasant^ Wett' 
moreland County^ Virginia. 

Hie coiKlitur corpus Ricardi Lee armif^eri iiati in Virginia iili Ricardi 
Let^. geuerrm, el uiitiqua familia in Mertou-Regis tn comitatu Salopsieoai 
oriuiidi. lu uiagistratem obeuDtlo boiii publiei studioti^imi, id literi» 
GrBecis et Latitiis et atiia humaiiioris literature; diacipUnis versatissimi. 

Deo (|aem summa obHervahlia semper coluit animaEn tranquillua reddidit 
liinio. die Martii anno MDCCXIV, setjit LXVIIL 

Hie Juxta situm est corpus Loatitia ejasdem uxoris fidce, filise Henrici 
Corhyue, Geuerosi, Bberorum mat r is amaiitissimae, pietate erga Deum 
charitate, erga egeaos, beniguitate erga omues insiguis* Obiit Oetob* did 
vi. MDCCVI aetalia XLIX. 

College of Amu. 
LEE-Gules* a fess chequy or atjd siKtire between 8 billets argent. ColoaeD 
Ridi^ Lee Secretary of State in Yirginia An" 1659, Descended from 
tbe Lees in Shropshire (who sometimes bore 8 bilJeta aud sometime* 
10 aud SQiaeumes y** Fesse counter-^^mpon^). 

E. D, N. Alphabet MS. 

Xce of Virginia. £Ji 

D, D* Jobanis Lee Natus in Capohowaaick 
Wick&cooioco ]Q Virginia America Filiua 
PrimogeDitua Richardi Lee ChiliAfcbie 
OriuDdi de Morton lle^a in Agro Salopieasi. 

Above are two shields, that to the right beanng tlie anss of Lee of 
Langlej and Colon — A less cheque between eight billeta — that to the left 
with the arms of the College — Three Eagles displayed ^To the left of the 
eograved work a Bishop's Mitre and Pastoral Staff appearing from I>ehind 
m booki to the right the end of a staff appearing above a Book crossed by a 
pair of Compasses. Most of this detail appears clearly in the illustration 
from a photograph obtained by W. B. Lee, Esq., by permission of Kev. J. B. 
Magrath, D.D., Provost of the College* 

NriTE.— Morton RegiB here mentioned^ like the same place named on the tomb 
of John's brother Richard {vide supra) ^ in a Locality which cannot be Identified 
now if correctly spelled, but If, as seems most probable, it is an error /or Nor* 
ion Begis, ail becomes clear at once, that being a common form of writing 
Nordley Regis, one of the cliief seats of the family in question, and in the utter 
absence of any Morton Regis, past or prei»CQt, we can hardly hesitate to accept 
ttds, which \& in fact quite as near the correct form as the American locality 
which precedes it. 

The following extract is interesting, as showing that one of the best Antl- 
quarles who ever lived In England had, many years ago (his tkook was published 
in 1654), recognised the probability of the confui^km of the^e tw^o names, 

** In 1214 Worfleld waa assessed at £10, Claveriy at £G-13-4, and Nordley not 
at all. nnless the vill of " Morton " assessed at £2 was so written by mistake 
for Nortlley.** — Eyton*s Antlq, of Salop, vol. Ill, p, G6. 

John Lee entered Quecn'a College as an Upper Commoner July 2, 1G58, and 
took Ms de^ee of B. A. AprU m, 1662. 

W%U of OoL Richard Lee of Virginicu 

In the name of God Ameo. L Col. Richard Lee of Virginia^ & lately 
of Statfonl Lauglon in the County of Essex, Esquire, being bound upon a 
voyage to Virginia aforesaid, and not knowing how it may please God to 
dispose of me in ao long a voyage, utterly renouncing, disclaioiing, dis- 
annulling^ and revoking all former wills, either script, nuuciipative or parol, 
and schedulea or codicile of wills whatsoever, do make, ordiiin and declare 
thia my last will itnd testament in manner and form following, first: I give 
and bequeath my soul to that good and gracious God that gave it me and 
to my Blessed liedeemer Jesus Christ, assuredly triistiisg in and by bifl 
meritorious death and passion to receive salvation, and my body to be dis- 
posed of whether by sea or land according to the opportunity of ihe place, 
not doubting but at the last day both body and soul shall be re-united and 

^ext, my will and desire is that all my estate aforesaid, both lease land^ 
free latid and copyhold land am! liouses be with all coiiTenient speed that 
may be, a old for the payment of my debts to John Jeffries Esq, and what 
tbe sale of that shall fall abort of, to be made good out of my crops iu Vir- 
ginia, to be consigned to my good friends Mr. Thomas Griffith and Mr. 
John Lackey, or one of them in that behalf, and in case the estate of Straf- 
ford be not as speedily sold as I desire, that then the best improvementa 
possible may be made from year to year of ray said plantation, and my 
aeryants labor with such directions and appointments as the sard Griffith 


Xee of Virginia. 


and Lackey ihall order for the better aod sooner payment of my del)tfl, aod 
thai my Dumber of servauta be etill kept up, aud continued out of tbe labors 
by the said Griffith and Lackey or one of tbem for the better managing 
and eflecting thereof^ 

Also my will and earnest desire is that my good friends will with all 
ooDTeiiient speed caose my wife and childreu (all except Francis if he be 
pleased) to he transported to Yirginiat and to provide all necessjiry for the 
foyage, and from time to time till my estate be disentangled and free of ail 
my debts, to provide and atlow for them, aod every one of them, a compe- 
tent and convenient maintenance according as the product of estate will 
bear, reladon being had to rhe payment of my debts and the annual supply 
of my several plantatiooe, all which I absolutely refer to the said Thomaa 
Griffith and John Lackey, and after my debts are paidj I give and bequeath 
my estate as followeth : 

To my wife, during her life, I give the plantation whereon I now dwell, 
ten Eiighsh servants, five negroes, 3 men & 2 women, 20 sows and corn 
proportionable to the servants; the said negroes I give to her during her 
■rklowhood and no longer, and then presently to return to those of the five 
foongest children, also the plantation Mocke Nock* 

Item. My will and earnest desire is that ray household stuff at Strafford 
be divided into 3 parts, two of which I give to my son John, and bitid him 
CO give to every one of bis brothers a bed, and tbe other part I give to my 
vife Anna Lee. 

Item* I give all ray plate to my three oldest sons, or the survivor or 
•■nrtvors of them, each to have his part delivered to him whan he comes to 
tbe ago of 18 years. 

Item. I give to my son John and heirs forever, when he comes to the 
ige of eighteen years, all my land and plautation at Matbolick, all the 
flock of cattle and hogs thereujion, also ten negroes, viz. 5 men and 5 
women, and ten English servants fi^r their times, all the corn that shall be 
found there, all tools, household stuff and utensils thereupon. 

To Richard and his heirs forever, when be come to the age aforesaid, X 
give my plantation called Par.idise, with all my servants thereupon, all my 
4ock of cattle aud hogs, all working tools aud utensils, aud corn that shall 
be found thereupon to be for the provision of the said servants. 

To Francis arid his heirs forever, when be comes to the age aforesaid, I 
give the Paper-makers Neck and the War Captains Neck with Bve negroes, 
3 men and 2 women, and ten English servants, aud the stock of cattle and 
bi^B, corn and tools aud utensils upon the said several Necks. 

Item« I give aud bequeath to the five younger children, vl£. : WOliam, 
Hanoockf Betsey, Anne and Charles the plantation whereon John Baswoll 
tkoir lives atid so all along including Bishop*^ Neck and to the utmost ex- 
Isttt of my laud towards Brewer^s and also four thousand acres upon Poto^ 
Qttck, also the two plantations before bequeathed to my wife, after her 
ietUh to be divided between them or their survivors or survivor of them, 
«lao «U the rest of my cattle, hogs, corn, household stuflf, tools or whatso- 
erar k or shall be found upon the said plantations at the time of my death, 
all which said estate so bequeathed to my younger children after my debts 
are paid^ I desire may be employed upoti the said plantations for a joint 
Uock to rai^^e portions of the said children against they come of age afore- 
laki or the females married. The said servants and what other produce of 
(heir kbora whether money or whatsoever to be equally divided between 
tham or their survivors or survivor of them but the said land only to be 
divided between the male children. 


Lee of Virginia, 


Item. I give unci bequeath to xnj eldest sod John 3 islands Ijiog in the 
Bay of Chesapeake, the ^reat new bed that I brought ov^er in the Duke of 
York^ and tlie furniture thereunto belonging. 

Item. My will is that my horsas mares and colts be equally div'ided in 
two part8, one whereof to be and belong to my three eldest children and 
the other to my five youtij^est, and shall be sold as they increase towards 
raising money for their portions, and in case any of the three eldest children 
die before they come to the age of 18 years that then his or their portion 
come to the survivors or survivor of them, and \n caae they all die that the 
whole personal estate equally to return to the 6ve youngest children, but 
the land only to the male children, and if the ^ye younger children die be- 
fore they come to the age aforesaid, or the females married, then their parts 
to be divided among the eldest or survivors or survivor of them. 

Item, My will is that my son William Lee have all that land on the 
Maryland side whereon George English is now seated, when he comes to 
the age aforesaid; also my will is that goods sufiicient be set apart for the 
maintenance of the gangs of each plantation for the space of two years, and 
all the rest of my goods to be sold to the best advantage and the tobacco 
shipped here to Mr. Lackey and Mr. Griffith towards the payment of my 

Item. I give and bequeath unto my son Francis after my debts are paid 
my whole interest in the ship called Elizabeth & Mary, being one eighth 
part also one eighth in the ship called the Susan, and in caae of the death 
of Francis I give the same to Charles, and in the case of his death to the 
two girls Elizabeth & Anne. But in the case that by the blessing of God 
upon the industry and labor of my people upon the several planUtions, my 
said debt« 1)6 fully satisfied before the said land at Stratford be sold, never* 
tlieless I will and entreat my good friends Mr. Griffith and Mr. Lackey Of 
one of iliem it may be sold to the moi^t and be^t advantage, and the produce 
thereof put out at interest and the interest thereof be employed for and 
towards the I jitter educjition of John and Richard equally to a^jsist the one 
in his travels for the attainments of a reasonable perfection in the knowledge 
of Fhysick the other at the University or the Inns of Court which he shall 
be most fit for, and the principal money to he equally divided between the 
two daughters when they come to age or be married, and that the Said daugh^ 
lers tHi utterly debarred from all former legacies given to them as afore* 
saiil, but iti cane of their death theit the sale and produce of said estate at 
Strafford to be equally divided between my eldest son John and my youngest 
BOH Charles. Also I desire and oi-der tl^at my wife, my son John and all my 
overseers that either or one or all shall from time to time keep a oorrrea- 
pondence with the said Griffith and Lackey, and order all my afiairs in 
Virginia to the l>est advantage as they or one of them shall direct them, 
and ship all my tubacco and what ei&e sliall be raised upon the said planta- 
tions to the sai«1 Griffith and Lackey for satisfaction of my debt and advan- 
tage of my children, and do yearly give tliem an account of all hoi^es, 
maies, uegroes, gomls and ail other things according as they shall reoeivs 
directions and instructions from the said Mr. Thomas Griffith and Mr. 

Listly : For the use aforesaid I make and ordain my ever loving friend 
Mr. Thotniis Griffith and Mr. John Lackey, Merchants. John and Richard 
Lee, my full and sole Executors of this ray last wilt and testament, but in 
respect to my son Ricliiird till he cometh of age I do absolutely (*^iV, qu* 
place) all the management of my will upon the care and trust of my first 


Xee of Virginia, 


meotioDed Execaiors till my Bald sod Richard Lee eomee to age aa afore- 
iiid. hoping the same friendsliip to miuQ after my death which they have 
always dooe unto me. 

In witness whereof I have hereuDto set my hand and seal this sixth day 
of February in the sixteeDth year of the reign of our Sovereign Lord 
Charles the Second Kiog of Great Britain &c &c* atid in the year of our 
Lord 1663. 

(Sigued) Richard Lee. (Seal) 
Signed, sealed and delivered 
before ns 

Peter Ashton 
George Wall 
W» Carter Seaward. 
1664-5. Richardus Lee. 

Januitf^ij. Decimo die probattim ftiit Teataraentum Richardi Lee nap de 
Stratford Laogton in Com Easexiae sed apud Virginia in ptibna transmarinus 
ST. defunct hents &c. Jurament Thomse Griffith et Johis Lockey duor 
Execut dec quih, &c, de bene &c. Jurat Reservata ptate Similem Comuem 
fldeiid Johi et Richo Lee ah Execut &c Johis. 

P. C. C. Probate Act Bonk fo 3 ♦ 

The foregoing will, while as will be eeen by the Probate Act 
which follows » haviog been proved in London, was never registered 
diere, nor is the original on file (as is sometimes the case with un- 
regiBtered wills) in the Prerogative Court. This copy is taken from 
one in the possession of the writer's friend, Mr. W. B. Lee of 
Seend in Wiltshire, obtained by him from America and may be re- 
lied upon as authentic. 

The fact that CoL Richard Lee was of the Shropshire family hav- 
bg now been demoni^trated, the next step is to prove the exact con- 
nection and to identify his paternity « and upon this ditBcult task the 
writer has long and patiently, but fruitlessly , labored. There are 
no lees than nine members of the Langley stock, from any one of 
whom he might have sprimg, but, so far, no proof has been obtained 
to connect him with any of them* The clues which have been fol- 
lowed and the meagre results obtained may, however, be worthy of 
citation to aave others the labor and expense of reworking the same 

The writer's attention having been called (by Mr. FL F. Waters) 
to the fact that a Francis Lee of St. Peter's, Cornhill, who died in 
1618, left by his will property in Stratford-Langton, he Im^ devoted 
much time to following up this promising clue, and, from the infor- 
mation obtained, we are able to construct the following pedigree, 
bj which it will be seen that this Francis had a nephew Richard 
who may have been the Viririoia emigrant, but, even if this prove 
la be the case, we are still at a loss to connect bis grandfather, 

• CoL Rlcburd Lm*» widow. Annn. thi? motUer of all his children, married a second tin>e 
|» BUmaiid Lbter, E**^ ; the writer'* eflbrts to tind her will or timtof iier second husband 
r beta, 10 fiy, aoaTailing in Uie Eogiiuli Couns, It miy be that they wer« proved in 


Lee of Virginia. 


George Lee, with the parent stock* Unfortunately the records of 
the Sadler's Company perished in the Great Fire of London, and we 
are thus cut off from the identification of his birth place and parent- 
age which their books would have given ua. 

It will of course be understood that being a member of the Sad^ 
ler'e Company by no means implies that such member was a hameas- 
maker \ indeed in the case of the Francis Lee above numed it id 
expressly stated that he was a haberdasher ' ' &ee of the Sadlers*** 


atte«ii a SMlkr of St. 
CftUieiiiie Cr«eoliQrcb» 
London, will da. 10 May 
pro. 21 June 1005. 
P. C. C. HayM 48- 

11 vi BR ft ExtncofwOl 
of buiibaud Id 1018; m. 
2d to Fnuftob Browne^ 
wA St. Mary Woolaoth 
10 Mmy 1680. llTtM & 
curator lOci*! chllt&en 
la 1620. 

Jobn Lee of St.iJohsne . 

C»th. Cree- 
ohoToh, •adler, 
llr. 1605; dec'd 

m. 3d to John 

OKgton of 
Gr«y'» Inn l*iinp, 

named ai litter In 
will of Francif, but 
nut named 

Vlttialler: Ut\ng In will of George 
Irtes ; her husb. Lee (perhapi a 

will da. 24 July, 

Er. 1 Oct. 102tf, 
>*im ft Chap, 
of AC. Paiili» 
fo. 300. 


Fnincii Lee of fit, 

Feten CoratiUl, 


Tne of the Sadlen 

Co, Ht Id M8 fte. In 

Btratford LtLUgton, 

Esisex : born About 

1678. m. lOOS, wUl 

da. 28 Apr. pro. 

4 J tine 1018. 

P. C. C Mud* 70. 

:=:Attii, dfta. of Nidi* 
olaa Pferrepont of 
Ea^twetl GO. Leto.: 
ieol., bona ahowk 
i^m^lir. 1018:L«I. 

of Admon to 

Ennth.-ii]4«w Abm 

ftrowne 23 Jan. 

1086, P, C. C. 


HI chard Lee, 
Uvina lfl.l>- 

S. !f tdemkiii with Col. 
ohoj-d Ijee the EmlgTAOt 
to V«. In IM2 ? 

Kteholaa Lee, 
UTlng 102»* 

Pranda Lee faonj 
iMOt. St. Peten Corah 111 
S9 Jan. 1008; doo'd la 10 IB. 

FrmncU Le* (dan.) 
btpt. St. Peten CDrnhlll 
i{7 Jati. mn. Living i^^A. 

Ann Lee, bapt. St. Peteft 
Comht!!, a Dec. !«!». Liriii* 102$, 
m. Fraud* Shuttlewood orp«ll. 
St. Edijiond the King, 4 Ma? lOM 
at SU Mary Woblchurokr 

1605. — Will of George Lee, Citiren & Sadler of London ; Dated 16 
May 1603. To sontie John Lee messuage in Poore Jury Laoe in pariah 
of St. Katherine Creechurch, Londou, formerly ^ven ia now confirmed he 
to allow half rents of same to my wife Anne; sonne ifrauncia Lee; wild 
AnDe Residuary Legatee & Executrix; Witnesaea — rTobn Lee, IfraDcifl 
Lee» John Lacocke & Nicholas Holbeaue & Jno. Hall Not. Pub.; Proved 
21 June 1605. P. C. C. Hayes, 4S. 

1618. — ^Wil! of flPraocia Lee of parish of St- Peters^ Cornhill, LoDdoa; 
Dated 28 April 1618; Recites that good friend Mr. John Hany hath abso- 
lute estate iu hia house. Lands & tenemeuL^ in Stratford Lantliorue, co* 
Sssex, to him «& his heirs, which is but only to hym in truste for my use 
although noe use or trtiste be mentioned in the deede — he to sell theio 
houses &c to best profitt and give the money arising from same to Anna 
my now wife; To said wife all houses, lands <& tenementa wheresoertf 
doriog her life & remainder to my children »& their heirs, & if it fortune 
my seycd wife to be uowe with childe of a sonne, then he to have all my 
ftforesaid houses &c to hym ^hh heirs after death of wife; Personal estate 
after payment of debts & flineral to be divided in tliree equal parts of which 
otie to wife, oue to ckildreo to be equally divided between themi db tba 


Lee of Virginia, 


^ar^ part in manoer following — To loriDg mother Anne thirteene Bhillingii 
low pence to boy her a rioge withdl ; to fiister Alice Bame bequegt ; to 
}b%, Avery same; to said John Hanye 223. in gouldo io make hjm a 
RjDge Sc to the nowe wife of said John Haoye 13fi 4d for ruig; lo Mr. 
Henrj Sjmpson 22a* in goulde for ring; all residue to wife who is sole 
Executrix; Overseers — John Haoj & Henry Sympaon; WiL Mich; 
Wnghty John Haney & Ellinor AverelL Pro 4 June 1618 by Eieciitrix 
ftamed in the wilL P* C G* Meade, 70. 

1629. — Will of John Qrigson of Gray's Inn Lane, Victualler; Dated 24 
July 1629 ; names John Lea late Citizeu & Sadlor of London, deed, ihe late 
bnsband of Jobane, my now wife, db bia two aona Richard & Nicholas Leaf 
pTOTcd I October 1629. Dean & Chapter of St. Pauls fo 809. 

1625. — Admon of Anne Lee, 

Jannarj 23 CommissioD issued to Anne Browne the mother («iV^ grand- 
iBOClier) of ffrmncis & Anne Lee, cliildren of Anne Lee late of the pariah of 
Bt Catherine Creechnrcb, London, deed, to adm &c during minority of 
laid children. P. C. C. Act. Book fo. 46. 

MarT\€tge AU^gattoni, 

1603—4. — Jan. 25. Francis Lee, Sadler, of St Catherine Cree Church, 
Preemao of London, 26, & Ann Pierrepont, of same, Maiden, 20, daughter 
of Nicholas Pierrepont of Eastwell, co. Leicester, Gent, whose consent i» 
ittecied by her brother John Pierrepont, of East well aforesaid, Greut. ; at 
St Catherine Cree Church aforesaid ; consent also of George Lee, of St. 
Oidiertne Cree Chnrch, Sadler, father of said Francis. 

Mar. Al. Bish. Lond,, Harl. Soc xxv. 282. 

BegtMter Si. Peters CornhiiL 

ICQB— JftD* 29 — Slrftuncies Lea the sonne of fPranocies Lea haberdasher 

dwelling in Comhill. 
1611 — Jan. 27 — fErancii lee the daught*^ of fErancia lee haberdasher Corn* 

1 615^ Dec 3 — Sonday — Ann Lee the daught'of ffrauncis Lee Free of the 

Sadlers Dwellioge in Redd Crosae ally in Cortihill. 


1€14 — Oct- 31 — Buried Margarett S!anter s'vatjt to Mr, Lee haberdasher 

dwelling in Cornhiil, age 25 yeres, pltt in the east yeard. 

Hari Soc, Reg. Sec. vol. 1. 

Register Sl Mary Woolnath* 


1620 — May 16 — Francis Browne of St. Mary Woolchurch, and Anne Lee, 
Widdow, of St. Peter in Comhill, by license. 

Register Sl Mary Woohhurth Haw* 

1636— May 4 — Frances Shuttlewood* of the Parish of St. Edmona the 
Kingi and Ann Lee, of this Parish, by license. 


Lee of Virginia* 


Mr- Waters has cited the will of William Pindar, clerk,* who 
names a family of Shingletoe als Lea of London, Virginia and Ply- 
month in the year 1625. It appears unlikely that this fanaily were 
of kindred stock with either CoL Richard Lee or hi» relativcfl, the 
Leea of Langley, bet the following iteme relating to them from the 
Probate Courte are very interesting aa showing a connection with 
Stratford-Langton only a few years prior to the emigration to Vir- 
ginia. We have thus no less than three altogether distinct families 
of Lee resident in, or connected with, this suburb in the early part 
of the 17th century, i.e. Sir Robert Lee of the Quarrendon stock, 
Col. Richard Lee of the Langley line, the Shingleton-Lca family 
who appear to be from Devon, and perhaps we should add to this 
the Francis Lee family, before referred to as holding an estate 
here, as, if their connection with tlie American family be disproved, 
they will constitute a fourth totally distinct but co-exietent line in 
this hamlet* A fact that should serve as an impressive warning to 
those whose hasty jumping to conclusions, unsupported by direct 
testimony, has made so much trouble and confusion in the past. 

1578. — Will of Thomas Hitchcock, Citizen & Carpenter of London ; dated 
25 Oct. 1578; All goods to be divided in 3 parts of which one to wile 
Agnes dk other two to pay legacies, debts &c ; To poor of the streete of 
Stratford Langthoriie, co Essex, 408.; to poor of Stanes, co Middx, 40ft. i 
to childreii of sister Anne, wife of Owen Dod of Stratford Langtome xx*; 
To Thomaa Speighte 5'^ ; to children of sister Mary, wife of Johu Baker 
of Stanes ix" ; to Alice, daughter of sister Jobaii, wife of Thomas Bowthe 
XX9. ; to sister Susau, wife of Thomas Stevenson G"; to brother Wm. Giles 
my best gownej to Ede Maples, daughter of William Maples 409.; to 
John AUat my wife's sonue, my bay mare &c ; sundry legacies to domestic 
servants ; Residue to Alice Bowthe, dan. of Thomas Bowthe, my brother, 
& Thomas Porter, woodmonger, in St- Katherines, equally—^ I appoint 
them Executors; Overseers my trusty friends Thomas Spaightei Peter 
Tompson & Roger Preston, scrivenor; 1 tuiit claim unto Thomas Lee, 
Richard Lee & (oiank) Page, late my servants, all manner of actions, suit! 
&c, which I or ray executors may have against them ; In wit (no sigftaJtun) 
WiL John Skeat, Clark, John Stevenson, Willm Sbawe, John Baker db 
Thomas Stevenson the younger; Proved 28 Oct 1578 by Thomaa Porter, 
power reserved to Alice Bowthe. P. C. C Langley, S8, 

1592* — -Admon of William Sliingleton ats Lea* 

Novembrifi. xx*™* die Emt, Com. Roberto Shbgleton ais Lea fill nrali et 
litimi win mi Shingle ton ats Lea nup poebie de Langton ab int defs &c 

Comm. Ct. Lond«, Act Bk., fo 249. 

1621.— Will of Thomas Spe^ht of Precinct of St, James in the Wall ia 
the Cittie of London, gent,; dated 27 Feb. 1620; pro. 5 June 1621 ; daugh- 
ter Judith, wife of John Mattocke ; children James, Lawrence, Paul, 
Catherine & Dorothy Speght ; dtiu. Mary» wife of John Talbot; dau. Jane, 
wife of Richard Rolxjthum; Elizabeth, wife of Humphrey Dison ; dau. 
Heten, wife of Tobias Worthington ; bro» Samuel Hill, Doctor of Divinity; 

• Olmningp In REOisrftRj vol. xliv* pft^rc 392. A Thomas SingIeton» Prindpal of Bri9«- 
nose Colkge, Oxford, lit his will dat«d 20 Dec* 1610, proved H Jan, 1614, names Sir Tbomii 
Egerton, bifl jitftter Lady Miuryo Leighe and Robert Leigbe. P. C. C* Rudd, 6^ 


Lee of Virginia, 


wife Anne; To daughter Aune wife of Thomas Lea £40, but in a Codicil 
this bequest is revoked *& the amount to be placed in hands of son Thomas 
Speght for welfare of said dau. Aniie, but if f«lie outlive the said Thomas 
Lea^ theu to be paid to her, but if she die in lifetime of her now hushaiul, 
iheu to such of her children as shall be living. P. C. C. Dale, 58. 

1712- — Will of Sarah Leigh, late of London, now of Stratford, co Ei^sex 
Widow; Dated 4 Oct. 1711 ; Pro. 10 Apr, 1712; Names nephew Willium 
htlgh &. wife; his children Edmoiid & Anne Leigh; co&in Wiiliam Cole 
d£ wife «& their childreo Samuel «& Sarah Cole; the son of Samuel Leigh, 
mj late husband's brother; nephew Blinkenvs 3 children Mary, Sarah & 
Jobn ; Mrs. Mary Skignus; poor of St. Michael Crooked Lane; Elijinor 
Blomfield; Elizabeth Garway; Mary Needham; sister Leigh, widow of 
Brother Richard Leigh; Sarah BHnkern the elder & her sister Elizabeth 
Blitikeni; my sister Hatjuah Blinkern & her 2 dans Sarah* & Elizabeth 
Elinkeni; widow Alears; neices Elizabeth Hambiy, Mary Dyer & Dorothy 
Tristram; iiephewa Jame« & Isaac Cocke; my brother Isaac Cocks Resi- 
duary Legatee dc Executor, F, C. C. Barnes, 72, 

^^'m do 

1709 — Will of Hancock Lee; dated 1706; Names daughter Mrs. Anna 
lead; son Richard Lee, who will be 18 years old in 1709, to whom 
double portion of property bt;caufie a great part of the foundation of my 
estate came by his motlier ** ; other children are mentioned but not named. 
lit Codicil — son Isaac Lee ; 2nd Codicil, dated May, 1 7o9^8on Johu 
Lee dc ** child my wife's now with/* 

Northumberland Co (Va) Cl Files. 

Extracted by William J. CralM, Clerk of Court, for W, B. Lee Esq of 
Seeod, Wilts., to whose courtesey this extract is due. 

The singular name of Hancock Lee occurring among the children 
of Ck)K Richard (unquestionably a derivative from a surname), the 
writer has for years kept a keen look out for any Lee-Hancock 
marriages in the many Pariah Segistere which he has examined in 
all parte of the kingdom, with the result of finding at least two aoch 
instancea which foUow, although it is to be feared that they will give 
116 but little aid. 

Reghter of West Buckhnd, Som$L 

1607 — Allexander Ley ats ffarthinge was maryed vnto EmiBett Thomas 
iti Hanoocke the xxvth- of Octobr. 

Reciter of Bradlng in hie of Wtght^ co. Hanti, 

1593 — October 31 — Roger Leigh ami Ann Hancock, 
1606 — Julie 30— Roger Lee and Mary Dttacon by license. 
1615 — ffebruary 6 — Roger Lea Juin and Bridgett Granelen. 
1623 — November 18 — Rychard Galpen aad Grace Leigh. 
I6$Q — April 15 — Thomas Ogiand' & Eliea: Leigh, gent: Servant to S' 
John Oglander.* 

• Tbe MemoirB of this Sir John OgUmdcr (a second Pepy») have recentlj been publishedt 
■fied hf W. H, Lonjf, at Newport, L W»« 1B88. 
rOL. XXTI« 7 


Lte of Virginia. 


1593 — Deoemher 23^ — Alice daughter of Roger Lee- 

1595— August 10 — Aun " •* ** Lea, 

15D7 — October 16 — Roger Bonn e *• ** Lee* 

15D9— October 'l—Edwiird '* " " Ley. 

1601— ffebruary 7— Thomaa *' ** *' Lee, 

1608— Jul J 20— John *« " ** •* 

1609— September 5 — Jane daugbter " " " 

1612 — June 3— Dorothie ** " " Lea.. 

1614 — August 29— Nicholas. Sonne " *' " 
16 16-^January 29 — Brklgett, daugbter of " " Jtrn' 

1618— September 8— Jaae the " " " Lee. 


1583^NoTeniber 5 — ^Christian Lee. 

1594 — Aprell 8 — Alice daughter of Roger Lee. 

1 604^ffebruary 20 — buried the Abortive of Roger Lee- 

1605— niAie 13 — An the wife of Roger Lee. 

Ifilo^tnaye 26 — John, soune of Roger Lea. 

— October 5 — {bUmk) daughter of Roger Lea. {qu, Jime vide bapt. 
1617 — iiiaye 3---th© Abortive of EtDger Lea. 

1 623 — £februarv 2 — Jane Lea a child of Roger Lea from Sl H^ena* 
1631— March 20 — Charitie Leigh, widd. 
1669— ^November 6 — Ann Lee. 

The above extracts comprise cdl of the I^ee entries in the Brading Register 
from iu corameiicement in 1547 to 1703, ^% with three or four exceptious, 
all referred to the family of Roger who married Atin Hancock. They seem 
to have remove<l to St. Helens, a contiguous jmrish, before 1623. The 
Registers of St. Helens date from 1 653 only. 

NoTK.-"Siiicc this MS. was sent to the printers, tbe writer bas learned of tlie 
discovery, by that indefatigable genealogist, Mr. H. F. Water*, of the wiU of 
John Best of Twyning, co. Gloucester (see Qleaiitng^ in this number of Raon- 
TBfi, |iage i4), which clearly indicates tbe locality where this Lee-Haaoodc 
connection should be sought. In the brief time at Ms disi>o9al the writer coold 
only search the Twyuing Transcripts (vide Infra) wliich, however, do not f^n 
n» much help* No doubt tbe ConslsUiiry Court of Protiate of Glouceetert if 
carefully searched, may contain Uie solution of the problem. Tlic marriage of 

William Hancock of Twyning with Ley of co. Gloucester (MetcALTs Visit 

of Worcester iu 1682-3, fo. 63) is most suggestive, and no doubt the true clti^ 
bai been f oaud at last. 

Twiptin^j Gloucester J Transcripts, 

Parish Kega are ooly extant as follows:— Bapt. from 1^8; Bur. froflu 
165G; Mar, from 16Q8. 
1618 — ^Richard son of John Hancox bap. 6 June* 
1622^ — Richard Hancoke & Elizabeth Ila0brd were married 14 Jan^. 

^-Ales the daughter of Eicb^ Hancoke was cbrist*^ 26 Marche. 

— May the daughter of Edw* Hancocke was christened 4 Juoew 
1667 — Richard Hancoke buried Dec, ^ . 

— WOliam tbe son of Richard Hancock, bapt* (no date). 
1679-80 — Susanna, daughter of John Hancox was christened ^ N«>T- 
1680 — Thoinas son of Richard Hancock was buried 8 Nov. 

1892-] Lee of Virginia. f? 

1681 — Richard boh of John HaDcock & Eliz*"* hb wife bapl** 27 Feb. 

168S— Wtlliam Haiicock signs as Churchwardeo. 

1683— <iti7,) 

1684--5— Richard soti of John Haucock & Mary hb wife bapt 20 ApL 

— ^Wm : Hancock boned 2 April. 
1685— 6— Ricbtttx] son of Johu IIsiQcock & Mary his wife bapt. 20 ApL 

— Mary daughter of Johu Ilaocock, buryed Nov. 10. 
1686 — Johti son of John Hancock & Mary was bapL Feb 14. 

— Charles Johnsou of Fiiwibary & Elizabeth Hancock of thia pariah 
were married J at/ 9^^. 
1689-90 — Tho* son of John Hancock & Mary his wife bapt. 14 Jan' 

— William son of John Hancock buried 20 Aug. 
1692— (itiV.) 
1697 — John son of Richard Hancock buried 23 Aug. 

— Susan wife of Richard Hancock buried G Oct. 
1700^ — Septimas son of John Haucock <& Mary bis wife buried 25 Ap'. 
1703 — ^WiiJiam Hancock buried 23 Dec* 

Searched to 1703 inelusi?e. All existing years in the Transcript 
are Doted above — those un-noted are missing from files. 

In the hope of obtaining some reference which might unravel the tangled 
sketn^ search was now made ior the wilb of the two English Executors of 
G)L Richard Lee, with the result which follows. By this we see that John 
Lockey, as well as his widow, seems to htive died intestate, while the two 
Tbomafi Griffiths, whose wills were found, might either have well been the 
<iiie sooght, but in neither case do we obtain tlie slightest aid iu our qnest. 

IG65-6 — Admonof John Lockey. 

ffebruarij^ — Vlcesimo septiroo die erat. Com" Elixabethae Lockey vid. 
Relce John is Lockey nug poe S** Bothi A 1 gate, London, defunc bents &c. 
Ad»tfaod bona, iura et Cred die defuncti de bene &c iurat. ('* lu parti bus 
4eoeDdo '' in Calender), P. C. C, Act. Bk. fo. 39. 

m 1674 — Admon of Elizat)eth Lockye ats Stanford. 

Martij — Decimo tertio die Emt Com** AlUiuo Cliflfe Curi Itime assto 
Elizabedia Lockye et Catherina Lockye filiabua nralibus et Jtiino ElizabethiB 
Lockye ats Stanford nng de Highgate in com Middx viiL deL hentio 
4 Ad Adstrand bona Jura et Cred. dca defca duran minori ivttit et ad vsu 
p'fiit liberor dca def de bene &c Jurat. P. C. C. Act. Bk, fo. 39. 

1679 — Will of Thomas Griffith of Abinger ata Abingworth, co Swrry» 
getjL dated 20 Sept. & proved 10 Oct. 1679; names Allen Vpliill, wife of 
Richard Vphill of Barkings Essex, gent.; Mary Temple, wife of Miles 
Temple, late of London, Scrivener, principal legatees with remainder to 
Griffith Temple, eldest son of Miles &c ; My sisters Ellen Griffith & Con- 
stance Mardea Executors; Overseers kinsmen Richard Vpliill l^ Henry 
fibster, genL P. C. C. Balh, 21. 

fNo-nL^Thls will Interest another family very much, namely, the Templcj*. 
The rc«?earches of the late John Gough Nichols (reprinted in the Heraldic 
Jmimal) rorfp^'ted the previous pe^llgr«*es of the bftronets of Stowe. He showed 
th ' y expired in the Une of the oldest son of the JlrBt baronet, with 

lb it, Sir Richard, who was created Viscount Cobham. Then It 

pa»«eu i** ^\r ^Viillam and hl» brother SlrF«teri tiftli and sixth baronets, grand* 
tenia oi John, second son of the Urst baronet ; and the seventh baronet, Sir 

78 Morton and Taylor Estates in Dorchester. [Jan. 

Richard, was son of the sixth. He died s.p. in 1786, and the line was probablj 
Edward Temple of Sebbertoft who died unmarried In 1796. But the first baro- 
net had two younger sons, viz. : Thomas, LL.D., and Miles. Dr. Thomas 
Temple is said to have been a fellow of Trinity College, Dublin, afterwards a 
minister at Battersea In Surrey (1641), a preacher often before the Long Parlia- 
ment. I should certainly be inclined to identify him with Thomas Temple who 
was matriculated at Hart Hall, Oxford, Oct. 13, 1620, aged 17, of Bucks., son of 
a baronet; and who was B.C.L. 1G24, D.C.L. 1633, at Oxford. He is supposed 
to have had a grandson Robert Temple of Mount Temple, co. Westmeath. He 
certainly had a son Thomas named In the will of Sir Thomas Temple in 1671. 

The fourth son of the first baronet was Miles Temple of Dover, an officer in 
the Customs under the Parliament. He had three wives, and by the first liad 
two sons and one daughter, the eldest son being Miles. This will seems to give 
a clue to either the father or son,— Miles, who married Mary Grlfilth, and who 
had been a scrivener In London. As the true pedigree of Sir John Temple who 
claimed the baronetcy lias never been ascertain^, although his descendants 
still hold the honor, It is desirable that search be made into the descendants of 
both Tliomas and Miles. We know only this much, that Capt. Robert Temple, 
the emigrant, father to our Sir John, wrote that In 1717 he came to New Eng- 
land, taking ship at Plymouth " where lived an uncle of mine, one Mr. Natlianlel 
White, a merchant, and an old inliabitant of that town.'' See Nichols's Herald 
and Genealogist, iv. pp. 11-13. W. H. Whitmors.] 

1681— Will of Thomas Griffith, Citizen & Plasterer of London, of St. 
Leonards parish in Shoreditch, co Middx. ; dated 15 June, pro 15 Sept. 
1681 ; To be buried in St Mary Aldermary in London; names brother 
William & his wife; kinswoman Elizabeth Kenton; bequest to town of 
Hinckly, Leicestershire; brother Richard Griffith; Daniel Top of Hincklj 
& his wife; brother Isaiah Bray; Aunt Kinton; Aunt Griffith of Sapcoat; 
£200 due from Thomas Norton of Stepney on mortgage; wife Elizabeth 
P2xecutrix ; Overseers, Daniel Morrice & John Pinck. 

P. C. C. North, 129. 
[To be continued.] 


By David Clapp, of Boston. 

A YEAR or more ago there appeared in some of the papers of this 
city, and in one at least of our monthly magazines, descriptive 
accounts of the Taylor mansion and estate on Dudley Street in 
Dorchester, which had then just passed out of the hands of the Taylor 
heirs, and the ancient and elegant mansion was about being de- 
molished. These accounts contained the assertion that the Hon. 
Perez Morton, whose death took place in 1837, lived the greater 
part of hid life and died on that estate. Although scores of living 
witnesses, including some of the direct descendants of Mr. Morton, 
could then attest the fact that for many years he lived, and 
finally died, in the Pavilion, so called, situated in the northerly part 
of what is now Pleasant Street ; and although an effort was made to 
correct the mistake in one paper where it had appeared, the asser- 
tion was still persisted in. Being desirous that the truth in tbe 

t] Morion and Taylor Estates in Dorchester* 79 

otafter should be ascertained from some unqaestioned soyrce, I after- 
wards Bpent what few leisure moments I could command m looking 
into public records, and was enabled to make out from them a tole- 
rably clear and I think correct history of the ownership and occupa- 
doQ by Mr. Morton of the two estates raentioDed, of both of which 
it is now certain that at different times he was tlie owner and on 
which he resided. 

Mr. Mortons residencCi after bis marriapje in 1781, as we learn 
from the Boston Directory of 1780 and other reliable sources, was 
io Boston, on the lower corner of State and Exchange Streets, the 
Bite DOW occupied by the Union Bank* The first authentic document 
found connecting hira in any way with Dudley Street in Dorchester, 
is a deed bearing date Oct. 11, 1794, and recorded in Norfolk Reg. 
office. Lib, 3, fol. 159, — by which deed Samuel Bird, of Dorchester, 
for jE200 conveys to Perez Morton, of Boston, a piece of land 
** bounded S. W. on the public road leading from Boston to Dor* 
ebesler Meeting-house [Dudley St,] ; S. E. on land of William Hom- 
^^brey and Mary Bird; N« on land of Samuel and Ezekiel Bird; and 
^H|. W, on road leading to Dorchester Point [Cottage St], contain- 
^Hig by estimation four acres more or less." To this was added by 
0ked of April 6, 1796 (Lib. 16, foL 143), two quarters and 1 1 roods 
of land adjoining, conveyed by Samuel and Ezekiel Bird on condi- 
tion that Morton keep certain fences in repair; and by another deed, 
Jan. 11, 1802 (Lib, 16, fol. 142), William Humphrey conveys to Mr, 
Morton, for $200, half an acre more of contiguous land, '' bounded 
north on said Morton's laud or garden/' 

During the eight years embraced in these three purchases of land, 
Mr* Morton had erected a house thereon, into which be removed, 
probably from State St. in Boston, and in which he lived until a 
fieriod not later than 1808. For ho was already in possession, by 
right of his wife, of a more extensive and attractive piece of land in 
tbe town, a mile or less to the Eastward — known as Allen's Plain^ — 
a perfectly level and open tract of some 12 or 15 acres — to which 
he seeiuB now to have turned his attention and on which he waa 
tpp&rently spending his money. Tliis would appear by the fact that 
on Sept 27tlV 1803, for $14,100 he mortgaged to his brother Joseph 
Morton his whole Dudley Street estate, comprising, as the deed saya 
(21^9), " all that my estate iu Dorchester on which my dwelling-house 
now stands, together with all the land, appurtenant and belonging 
therelo, which I purchased of Samoel Bird and Ezekiel Bird [boond- 
iries given as above], containing by estimation five acres more or 
less, with all the buildings thereon standing,'^ <&c. &c. This mort- 
gage seems never to have been discharged. And here terminated 
Mr. Morton*3 coDoectioii with the Dudley Street estate; for by 
d«ed bearing date of July 7, 1808 (Lib. 31, f. 190) Joseph Morton 
conveys to Cornelius Coolidge of Boston, in consideration of $15,000 
to be paid by said Coolidge in seven yearly inatalments of $2,142.85 

H VOL* XL VI. 7* 

80 Morton and Taylor EstattB in Dorchester. [Jan. 

each, <^ all that estate in Dorchester on which the dwelling house 
now stands late in the improvement of Perez Morton, Esq., with all 
the appurtenance thereto belonging, and buildings thereon standing, 
said premises, however, subject to the Equity of Redemption of said 
Perez Morton as by law is in such cases made and provided.*' All 
these annual instalments were promptly paid by Coolidge, the last 
one in 1815, and the mortgages discharged. The right of Bedeoip- 
tion by Mr. Morton seems not to have been exercised, so that in 1815, 
Mr. Morton having moved away certainly as early as 1808 (as 
shown above), the estate was in the sole possession of Oornelios 
Goolidge, who became the occupant of Mr. Morton's mansion and 
lived in it for many years. On the Hth of January, 1817, Mr. 
Coolidge, in consideration of $1 8,000, conveyed by deed (Norf. Reg. 
54-78) to Barnabas Hedge of Plymouth, Mass., his estate situated 
in Dorchester, with the dwelling house and buildings standing there- 
on — bounded as already described, containing by estimation about 
six acres and a quarter of an acre — being all the premises, as he 
says, "now occupied by me." On July 31, 1820, Mr. Hedge, in 
consideration of one hundred shares of the Bank of the United States, 
transferred to him by Samuel Appleton of Boston, conveys, by deed (63 
-1 74), to Mr. A. this same estate, with boundaries as before, containing 
about six or seven acres — ** meaning to convey all the premises 
formerly owned and now occupied by Cornelius Coolidge, which 
were conveyed to me by him" Jan. 17, 1817. On Sept. 10, 1828, 
Mr. Appleton, in consideration of $12,000 paid him by Nathaniel 
Cogswell of Dorchester, conveys to him by deed (76-119) the 
" premises formerly owned and occupied by Cornelius Coolidge and 
by him conveyed to Barnabas Hedge, and by said Hedge conveyed 
to me by his warranty deed of July 31, 1820." On Oct. 1, 1828, 
Nathaniel Cogswell, gent., in consideration of $12,700 paid him by 
Charles Taylor of Boston, gent., conveys to said Taylor (26-270) 
" an estate in said Dorchester, with the dwelling-house and buildings 
standing thereon and all the land appertaining and belonging thereto" 
— bounded as in previous deeds, being six or seven acres more 
or less — " being the premises formerly owned and occupied by Cor- 
nelius Coolidge, by him conveyed to Barnabas Hedge, by said Hedge 
to Samuel Appleton, and by said Appleton conveyed to me by deed," 
&c. And in 1890, Charles A. Welch and Wm. J. Levering, trustees 
under will of Chas. J. Taylor, for $48,000, — additions having been 
made to the estate in 1841 (Norf. Reg. of Dds, 129-235),— con- 
veyed (Suflf. Reg. Deeds, Lib. 1915, fol. 561) to Cheever Newhall 
the estate in Dudley Street with boundaries as given above, contain- 
ing, as by plan, 218,311 sq. ft. 

The exact time of the removal of Mr. Coolidge from the house in 
question after 1 820 is not known, but his residence in Boston is given 
in the Directory for 1832 and subsequent years, showing his removal 
from Dorchester before that time. 

1892.] Morton and Taylor Estates in Dorchester. 81 

The possession by the Mortons of the Pleasant Street estate dates 
back to a period more than a hundred yeara aj^o. Us various 
transrers by deed tlirough the trusteeship of some of tiie promiiicnt 
meo of Boston, from the time in 1785 when it was owned by Wil- 
liam Allen, and whose dwelling-house was burnt thereon in 1784,* 
which lurid was long used as a trainintr field, may bo in part gathered 
from the following extracts from a deed dated June 6, 1830, and 
recorded in Norf, Reg. Deeds, Lib. 92, fol. 107: 

** Whereas William Sullivan of Boston^ Esq. [son of Gov, James] ^ 
c«inv*-yed unto Sarah Wentworth Morton, wife of Perez Mortorn Esq,, 
on the 26th of May, 1816, a certaiti piece or parcel of land in said 
Dorchester, bounded as follows: — Bep:inningata point on the north- 
erly side of the road which runs easterly by tfie public burying- 
iround [now Stoughton St.], whereby the land hereby conveyed 
US the land of William Bird, and from said point runninp^ by 
I oad easterly 535 feet more or less* then turning northerly and 
bounded easterly on the road [Pleasant St.] 1440 teet more or less, 
to the corner of aaotber road [Cottage St.], which is a cross road 
leading westerly by the estate now in the possession of Mary Champ- 
oey , . • . and on this cross road bounded northerly about 380 feet 
more or leas, then bounded westerly on laud in possession of said 
ifary Uhampney and by land of said William Bird 1390 feet more 
or less to tlie place of beginning — Being the same lot of land 
dmi waa set oflF to Frederick Gryer upon a judgment of the Court 
of Ocmimon Pleas recovered against William Allen the lirdt Tuesday 
of Jaauary, 1785. And whereas the consideration mentioned in said 
dmi executed by William Sullivan, Esq. to Sarah W. Morton, wife 
of Perez Morton, conveying to Sarah W. in fee the estate aforesaid 
irose out of the avails of a certain house and land situate in Bow- 
doin ^Square, Boston,t which was given by deed to the said Sarah W, 
Morton, tlien bearing the name of Sarah Apthorp, hy her grand- 
motlier Orixzell Apthorp, and afler wards sold by the said Perez 
Uortou and Sarah W. Morton to Johti Trecothick AptlM>rp^ Esq* 
Atid whereas the said Perez and Sarab W. Morton, in her right, 
ibe being Uje legal and equitable owner of said real estate, are dis- 
{KMied to grant and convey the same real estate in trudt to the end 
and for the purposes hereinafter expressed — Now know all Men, 
that we the said Perez and Sarah W, Morton for and in considera- 
tion of one dollar to us in hand paid by Wm. Sullivan, John T. Ap- 

* ** 1784« May. iir, Joimthiin Clnp'i hotise was barat, and the fire flew from his hoiiie 
to Mr. \v I .M./ A iu.f,\ utu^n, whk'b w«» ft qiinrter uf tx mile, whicb caicbt In hii dang beep 
%ad^' . nnd then h\^ hou.<e, and burnt tbem to ashefl» wUh most all lib 

fimilrti > r liCB nn d al I bis carriiigcu," — Diary of €oL Samnei Pisrcey of Dor- 

, eiUiIrr, ir* *' Hitfory of Dorcheiter." 
W t In Stiff. Ht^s. o( Dted;^ (Lib. i9U fol. 67), U^, is recorded a deed bv whicb John 
LB tttax? ' ^ *'-'• "'•-''" -"""'-"^ ro Samuel Piirkman of Dosk^n^ for ^,500, *^a 
PB ^tm^ . less the estate referred to aiiove. Many now 

■L^iiTtiif ( Mce in one of the two JArgo stone ruiinfiionj 

l^k^ttng tilt opuii ^xiuAT^i U uiii tiv bill) a tUr purchasing the estate), with bis eon Dr. George 
^^■ftirkmAQ'i hoiise In the rear on Cambridge Street. 


Morton and Tc^lor JS$iute8 in Dorchester. [Jan* 

thorp and Nathaniel P. Russell, Esq., of Boston, do hereby give, bar- 
gain, sell and convey the same real estate unto them the said/* Ac. 
** in trust nevertheless, and to the uses, purposes, <fec. in this lo- 
strutnent set forth, Ac. — that is to say, to permit the said Perez 
and Sarah W. Morton during their joint lives to use, occupy and 
improve the said rlsal estate or to lease the same and receive the 
rents and profits thereof," Ac* &o. In the remainder of the deed 
provision is made for Mrs, M, if she survive her husband, and other 
conditions secure to her the right of finally disposing of the estate. 
Notwithstanding all these transfers, provisions, &c., apparently for 
the security of the estate to the Morton family, Peter C. Brooks, 
acting as trustee* after the death of Mr. Morton in 18S7, by deed 
dated July 20, 1838, confirms to Mrs. M. for her own use all the 
estate wliich had not been otherwise disposed of. Various transferi 
of the property took place after Mr. Morton's death and during 
his widow's residence on it, but it is not part of the writer's plan to 
continue further a history of its ownership and occupation. Mrs. M. 
died in Quincy, May 14, 1 84G, She was a lady of well-known literary 
merit in the early part of this century, was autiior of a voluoie of 
poems and also of various miscellaneous articles in prose and verse, 
and of a work entitled *' My Mind and its Thoughts,'** The families 
of herself and her husband were connected in various ways with the 
leading characters of the time, and the Pavilion where the Mortons 
resided — in itself a unique and most attractive building — was for 
many years the centre of a brilliant array of men and women con- 
spicuous in law, literature and fashion. Being brought up myself 
in its near vicinity, I well remember it and its inmates from my 
earliest years^ and can now distinctly recall the aged Morton couple 
seated on their broad piazza anderjoying the south-westerly summer 
breezes as they swept across the open plain. The Pavilion was 
taken down not many years after Mrs. Morton *s death, and — delight- 
ful as the location is— no dwelling house has since taken its place* 
Its site is within a stone's throw of the ^pot where stood the first 
rude thatch-roofed meeting-house of the Dorchester emigrants, and on 
the first street in the town laid out by them, for many years known 
as Green Lane. 

The story of Mr. Morton*9 occupancy of the two estates in Dor- 
chester, as shown by the abstracts of public records above given 
and plain inferences therefrom, may be briefly summed upas follows: 

• Mrs, Morton wM filBO the awtbor of '* The Power of Sjnnpfithy or the Trkimph of 
Nature,'* 2 vtilumea, 12 mo., polili5hcd Uy I. Thomas h Co*, Bo*«ti>n , 1789. It nme adverti^ 
In the Independent Chronicle, Boston, Jiinuary 22, 1789, its [^^►liahed that day, and wM 
called, fiTf^iiftbly rarrectly^ the *'The Fli^t AmeriLain Novel/' Thu second American mMk 
wauj, I tn*e!siime, "The Coquette, or the Histoty of Eliza Wharton/' hv Mrs. Qunnah pM- 
ter, first ptthliehed si Boston In 1797; ibe third tind fourth, ** Wieland " 1798, »ud ** Aithar 
Mervyn/' 1799, Itoih liy Ch&rlefl Brockden Brown. Then follow io 1801, bac In whftt otttor 
I do not know, *■ Female Qu)xoU«m: Bxhil>itad In the Romantk- Opinions And BxtrAvaieuit 
Adventures of Dorcaasitiii Sheldon/' by Mrs, Tnhithji Tenney, Newbury p<irt; ftcd tfant 
other works by Brown : June Tttlbot^ Edgmr Hnnti«y and Ckja Eoward'.— Editob. 

1892.] Morton and laylor Estates in Dorchester. 83 

After the purchase of his Brst lot of land on Dudley Street in 
1794, be erected on it a maDdion house, removing into it from State 
Street^ Boston, and occupied it for ten or more yeara, vacating it, as 
has beeo 8ho\rn, certainly as early as 1808^ This bouse was evi- 
"^ no raean affair; for the estate itaelf, which a very few years 
' had cost the purchaser a comparatively small sum, was in 
l5rU3, after the house was erected, mortgaged for $14000, and io 
1808 sold for $16000. There can scarcely be a doubt that this 
fitnable house was no other than the well-known building, which, 
hifiig been occupied for three quarters of a century afterwards in 
ioooeasiou by Coolidge, Hedge and others, and finally by the Tay- 
lors, has been latterly known as the Taylor Mansion. 

Before moving away from Dudley Street, Mr. Morton would most 
likely have erected another house ready for occupancy, and as the 
Pleadant St land has been shown to have been then in possession 
of his wife and bimself, it is natural to suppose that he built thereon, 
&nd that the house erected was no other than the Pavilion/ in 
which it is well known he resided the latter part of bis life, dying 
there Oct. U, 1837. 

A few words may be said about the Hon. Perez Morton himself. 

He was born in Plymouth, Mass., Nov, 13, 1751 ; Harv. Univ. 1771 ; 

%>eaker Mass. Flo. of Kep. 1S06-I811; Attor. Gen. Mass. 1811^ 

1832; del. to State Conv, 1820, He married, May 24, 1781, Sarah 

Wentworth Apthorpi who was born in Braintree, Mass., Aug. 29, 

1759. and died in Quincy, Mass., May 14, 1846. In 1789 they 

were living in a house in Boston on the lower corner of State and 

Ej[change Streets — the former site of the Boston Custom House. 

The deed by which this '* brick mansion house,'' as it is therein 

called, with land and outhouses thereto belonj^ing, was conveyed to 

Mr Morton (Suff, D., Lib. 148, foL 189), bears the date of' 1784. 

The grantor was Thos. Apthorp, of London^ late of Boston, who for 

'XI.50 lawful money of New England," conveys the property which 

\te father Charles W. Apthorp, who was a loyalist, formerly 

Eight years before this transaction, Mr. Morton was brought 

conspicuously before his fellow citizens. In April, 1776, ten months 

*' - the V»attle of Bunker Hill, tfie body of Qen. Joseph Warren 

'Mind and identified. The masonic fraternity^ of winch he was 

•lous member, at once made arrani^ements for the funeral 

s, which took place at King's Chapel, on the 8th of April. 

i*ercz Morton, then a promising young lawyer and a mason, was 

''decled to deliver a public address on the occasion* As Mrs. John 

* Til* boQi»« MCiM-difig to my imperfect recoUection of the details of a fumiUar ohjcct 
! »Mf fnm infftncy, oampriied an extensive square lower or grr)un<l wtory, with 
3 i>i!i/.«.A m fronr. A second story, *riM fimtiller in floor surface, rvKtud HytnmetfU 
aUrut V wilti both fitorieu low STuddud, It was a rommon report in my 
bttfyo* iH 810 tiller in oxtpnt once crowned thi^ second story, nnd that 
lbl|»»c;uitni ^iviij fji i-w: -iiivuture wtt* copjed flora buildings io countrips where hurricAne* 
U9 (heqotnt. Ttie building, a6 now remembered^ hud the appearance of having been 
HthM or A lUrk grvyisti color* 

Notes and Queries* 


Adams wrote at the time, — ''A jouog fellow coald DOt ha^e wished 
a finer opportunity to didplay his talents." The oration was well 
received, and did much credit to the orator< His startling apostrophe 
to the exhumed remains before him — " Illustrious relics I What tid- 
ings from the grave ? Why hast thou left the peaceful mansions of 
the tomb, to visit again this troubled earth ?" must have deeply 
stirred the hearts of his audience. From that time Mr, Morton took 
rank with the leading spirits of the Revolution. Long afterwards, 
one of his latest public duties was acting as State's A ttoruey, assisted 
by Daniel Webster, in tfie celebrated trial of the Knapps at Salem^ 
1830, for the murder of CapL Joseph White. 



WiHTsoN's Bat, — Mr* Alexander Brown*ji works on the Genesis of the United 
States is recognized as a work of rare value* but it contahis a map the traport- 
ance of which haa hardly been appreciated, — the larjE*^e map copied for the 
Spanish minister Velasco, In IfllO, from a map drawn for Kinjuj Jamea, shomng 
alt the English discoveries doicn to date* The iDlemal evidence shoirs that 
the map inclnded operations in 1*»0^, as Jainesitown appearj* thereon. As a map 
of the coast of the United StateSt it is of extreme interest, and would ji] 
lengthy discussion. In connectioo with New York, it fcihows that the 
ManhaWm was applied to the Jersey shore a^ well \ and it \& probable that He 
Hudson had a copy, or its equivalent, on his exploration of 1G09, which dtsff- 
pated tlie g^reat stea with which the Hudson » the ancient river of St. Anthony, 
then stotxl connected. But here I wish simply to call attention to its value in 
connection with New England. In various papers and contributions the writer 
lias songiit to make two points : (1.) Tliat the river discovered in Maine, by 
Weymouth in his exploration of 1&05, was* not the St, George, i^ut the Kenne- 
bec, othenvise the Sa^dahock, to which Popham's expedition sailed in 1607; 
(2.) That Martin Priri^ did not follow Gnsnold to Cuttyhunk in 1603, bnt that he 
harlwred at Plymouth with his two ships, where for sLx weeks he was engaged 
In getting sassafras. Now^ thin map establishes both positions at* tnie, since 
the Kennebec and Its neighborhood are shown with great particularity, while 
there is no indication watever of any 8t. George's River, wliich would Inevitably 
have been shown if the river had been discovered and explored. On the other 
hand, the claim that Plymouth hari>or was named Wiiitson's Bay» after the Mayor 
of Bristol, in KJ03, H also shown to lie correct, in tliat this map, with Plymouth 
harbor deliueateilT two years before Cham plain surveyed and mapped tlie port, 
shows the harbor distinctly as IMiits^m's Bat/* The writer had already shown 
that no early map ever gave the slightest representation of the St. Georgt 
Elver, but this new map, which Mr. Brown has furnished from the archives of 
Samamias (together with the plan of the fort on the Keunebec), destroys the 
last hope of the advocjites of the St. George theory, puncturing and exploding 
their specious arguments, by which the St. George has been transferred into i 
noble and splendid streaaii agreeing with the descriptioo of the Kennebec. 

B. F. DkCosta. 

Kmo Heraldry,— In the fioor of St. George's Church, Baaseterre, on the 
Ulftnd of St. Kitts, W. I., Is a gravestone with the following inscription; 
** Here lies Interred the Body of Benjamin King of this Island, Esq'., who de- 
parted this Life ♦ ♦ • of Dec. Anno Domini, 17**, In the Forty fifth 
Year of his age.*' Tkls stone bears a heraldic device which, though much de- 

Notes and Queries. 


faced hT time and the Are which deristated Basseterre many years a|po, may b6 
easily deciphered as having on the shield a Uod rampant, between crosses crosa- 
let, md a crest, a demi ostrich rising? out of a coronet. 

The stone was examined and the inscription and anna copietl by llarrisoo 
niery, Esq., of Boston, while on a visit to the West Indies ii few years ago. 
It was aUo photograpiied by Mr. C, C\ Lyon of St. Kittsi, in 18^)0, and copies 
irav sent to the writer. The arms in qneatton are tiiose of King of Devon- 
ihire and Toroester, Co. North. , as gtven tn Barkers General Annory, viz, i 
" ' B, a lion rampant or, crowned argent, between thre€ cross crosslets or. 
I, cmt of a dacai coronet or, a demi ostrich argent, wings endorsed, beak 

TtkroQi^h the courtesy of Henry George King, Esq., of Basseterre, in search- 
ing the Mefdster of St. George's Church, in February last, the following entries 
were foand: "Baptism, 1749, May 28* Benjamin, son of JoHcph and Elizabeth 
KtaU^ Bnrtol, 1760, Dec. 2B, Benjamin King, Esq/' It 1«4 not improbable that 
ma is tlie x^DCord of baptism and burial of Benjamin King who i^ under the 
bealdle graireatone, btit nothing is known with certainty. 

It is an established fact, however, that Daniel King, Jr., Gent., of Lynn, 
Mass., bom about 1686, was in 1687 a resident merchant on the Islmnd of St* 
Kitts. He was the iMm of Blr. Daniel Kinge, Sen""., of Lynn, and i^randson of 
Ralphe Kinge of Watford. HertfordHhiri?, England, as set forth in the writer's 
recently published *' Pedigree of King of Lynn." 

Cwsi anyone throw any light on the ancestry of Benjamin King who is burled 
111 8t» George's Church, and liis relationship, If any, to Daniel King, .lr> ? 

Also, is there any evidence of the early «»e of the St* Kltts coat of arras by 
the Kings of Lvun? Eufus KiKGk 

Yonken, N. Y. 

UonKRT Bailet Thomas, author of the Old Farmer's Almanack, was a son of 
WilliAQi and Aznbah (Goodale) Thomas, of Shrewrtbur3% and wa,s bt»ni at tho 
hotMe of his maternal grandfather in Grafton, on April 24, lUlft. He was mar- 
lied on Iffovember 17, JH03> to Hannah, dniis^hter of Phineas and Hannah (Buss) 
Bnmiin. of Princeton, who was born on April 17, 1774. Most of his lite wa» 
rtnmrl In the neighboring towns of Sterling, Boyltston and West Bcjylstou, 
flKm^ continually living on the same fiirm. While engaged in collecting 
material for a sketch of Mr, Thomas, which appears In the centennial number 
of the Almanack for 1892, I copied, on August 7, 18I>1, the following epitaphs 
xelatln^ to his family. They are found In the •* Leg" Burying-ground, situated 
' tto booodaiy line of West Boylston. B. a. a. 

In Memoria de 

William TntiMAS, 

l^^IO DiKD 

Junk 13, 1810. 

Agkii 86 years. 


W{fti of 

William Thomas J 

w died 

Jan. 14. 178L 

ML 43 yrs. 

Second wife of 

William Thomas, 


Dec. 27, 1831. 

^t. m yrs. 

Egbert B. Thomab Esq 


May UK 1840, 

^t. 80. 


widow of 


late of West Bovlston, 

Died Sept. 28, 1855, 

M. 81 yrs. 6 ms, 

Icnor BARTOif, of Boston, ropemaker, in a deed signed 2S Julv, 1729, by him- 
idf and his wife Katherine, speaks of " my uncle, Thoma^^ Barton, Tate of 
PortamoQth, Enghind, mercer,** Oimjrge A. Gordon;. 


Ifotes ufid Queriei, 


Thr SisoE OF Boston, 1776.— An event corroborated by American and Eng^ 
lish Ol&eers. Contributed by Albert A. Folsom, Emq* i 

February 23d. 1776. Ensign Lyman 
of Huntington's reg-lment, with a small 
party, took a Corporal aod two men, 
who were centineU at Brown's chim- 
neys, on Boston neck, without flriuij a 
gun. These prisoners reported, that 
tlie heavy caiinoti were removed troui 
Bunker s Hill, and put on board sliip. 

The above Is from ** Memoirs of Maj< 
General WlllSiim Heath. Written by 
Himself, Boston, 17J»8," Gen, Heath 
was born, Roibury, March 2, 1737; 
died there Jan. 24,* 18H. The Hunt- 
ington mention was Colonel Jedediah 
Huntington, after^vards General, b. 
Norwich, Ct,, Aug. 4, 1743; d. New 
London, 8cpt. 26, 1818. H. IT. 1763. 

Saturday, Feb. 24th, I.ast night a 
Corporal of 22d. and two Men of 35th, 
either Deserted or were taken from the 
Chiinnies between 6 or 7 o Clock. 

The above U from the JoonuJ of 
CoL Stephen Kemble, Deputy Adj. 
General of the British army in North 
America, under Generals Thomaa Gag^ 
Sir William Howe, and Sir Henry Clin- 
ton. 1773 to 1779, pnbUshed by the 
New Yoric Historical Society In 1884 

CoL Kerable was born at New Erani- 
wick, New Jersey, in 1740. He retamed 
to America in 1805, and dwelt at New 
Bnmswick, New Jersey, until hia own 
death in 1829, 

Mrs. General Gage waaCot. Kemble'i 
only sbter. 

Historical MsMORaNDA. — (Communicated by George A. Gordon* A.M., of 
Bomervilk', Mass.) : 

June y* SI* 1755. 

Kec*^ of Cap* Sam" moor flf teen Pound of bnleta of the provenc Stors. I say 
Rec*", Pr JoiTK Goffs. 

By the Hon"*^ Brig*" Gen' Gage Commanding his Majesty 9 forces to the Wesl^ 

Penult the bearers hereof Major Moore, I^* Chandler & Adj* Stevens of the 
New Hampshire Keg* to Pa^s your Posts to Albany, tliey having my leave to go 
down to that place fur the recovery of their healths. 

Given under my hand at Oswego' this itO'^ of Sepf 1759- 

(Signed) Tho' Gaob. 

To the Officers commanding at the Several Post betwixt Oswego and Albany. 
By the General*s Commaud. (Signed) W. Hervky, 

M(^r of BrUfwk' 

Souhegan Ea^t May y* 10*^ 1746* Capt. Colborn Sr I Have Inlested John M»^ 
shell Juner John Marsh Juner Sl Eaekiel Greley into niy Troop which 1 hope \A 
with yuur consent this from your friend and Seruant, John Cuambkrlin. 

To Capt. Tho* Colburn of Nottingham West. You are Required In his mines' 
tyes Name forthwith to see that all the Training Soldiers under your Commftiui 
and others in your alarram List be Bqulpt with all things aa the Law Beqnirei 
anil fail not at your Perril. 

Dunstable Aug* y* h^ 17S5. Zacch" Lovewell Lelf** Co". 

In his majcstyes Saroice 

To Capt Tho' Colburn 
In Nottingham West. 

The Great Hou«b at Strawberry Bakkk.— The author of Mamblen oftoirf 
Portmnonth seems to have fallen Into error in a,sslgniog a date when the Great 
House (built in 1631) had become a ruin. After alluding to the fact that Pf ce- 
dent John Cutt had by will, iu 1H80, given it to his sou Samuel, Mr. Brewster 
aays; "^'The house was then probably in a dilapidated condition, for iu 1$8S it 



Ifotea and Queries. 


\ recorded that the house had fallen down and the ruins were then visible." 

I s authority : and It may be that 1686 is a typographlcifl 


In the Hockin^hani Heijlstry of Deeds, at Exeter, is the record of a convey- 
•!!<**» of \nnf\ in tortsraonth. by Samuel Peiihallow (and Mary, his -v^lfe), to John 
Sri i 'it* An gust, 1692, which de^cribes^ the premises as beiii^ '* near ye 

li«^ L*:h John Partridge now Dwelletb cunrouly called ye ^reat bouse ta 

jt v*tHijtj fit Fortsm**/' Lib. G.fol. 15L Fk.o^k W. Hachtett. 

Warrkx (iKD Waters. — Dr, Ira Warren, of Boston (1806-1864), says in his 
''Baiiaebold PhysiciaDt'* "I say to all young: persons, mine very highly the 
laowledjj:c of your family history, which yoti tnay easily learn from your par- 
mtB, graud parents, uncles and annts; and eiiteeni tbo*ie very hif^hly who are 
ibk to impart it to you. Soon the living: rectirdn will be suddenly blotted by 
tbe Iiaud of death/ and then no regret for past ne|j:b;sence will enable you to 
Ttpair y<»ur loss, if you have mis-improved your opportoulty/' 

Dr. Warren was one of nine children of Asa and Jeuiiiua (Kellogg) Warren, 
la foUowg:, — Orson» Sylvantis, Asa, Stephen, Silns, Ini, Hirauu Dladany and 
Lucy. In his will of April 28, iHGi, the doctor mentions his wife Itnth S., hia 
biottieT 8ila», sister Lucy Wells of Ilustisford, Wis., bis nephew Ira, sou of 
Ida brother Asa of London, l)iit_ his nephew Ira, son of Mnnton of Miun.t bis 
Ikepliew Dewey K. Warren of Boston, his wife's lirother Thomas Turner, Win- 
tbrop. Suffolk Co., Mass., bequeaths a section of land in Clark Co., Iowa, a farm 
in Pembroke, Mass., and the remainder of his estate to Tufts College, Medford, 
Umi^s,, , to found Warren Obsen at4»ry. 

I!l» brother, Asa Kellogg Warren, b. in Vt. Mar. 22, 1798, was m, to Clarissa 

IF.* ^ ;, ;„ y^ j^,j^ 27, 1802), by CoL Thomas Talbot, in the ** London Dis- 

la. Sept, 18, 1820. aod had 8 daughters and 1 tJon. lie d. near 

_ 1. i'jsex Co,, Ont., May 3, 1867. She d. at Ailsa Craig, Out,, Feb. 

- I. 

rra Warren used to say that his grandfather. CoL Gideon Warren of the 

lion (lived in the southern towns of Vermont but died at the bouse of 

t*aleb in Hampton, N. Y.), was a personal friend of Ethan Allen, and a 

r J to Gen. Josi^ph Warren, MI). (1741-1775), of Bunker Hill fame. 

F r cJisprr>of of Ibis last statenieiit I shall be very grateful. 

I >.,,,^ WelU \\\Utr», b. in Georgia, Chlttemlen Co., Vt., June 4, 171)6, was 
taken to Canada in 1802, with his parents, and lived at Long^ville on tbe Gttawa 
RiT«r 14 years; m. Diadauy Warren Jau. 14, 1815. and moved to Sou tbw old,. 
ElgSo Co./Unt., in 181C, and settled on '^ Front vStreet," near Col. Mablou Bur- 
welL Thf*y bad 7 daughters and 6 sons. Mrs. Waters d. Dec, 4, 187B, aged 78; 
ke d, in 18»0. 

Hb father, Tmeman Waters, b, in Conn, ra. Pbila Wells and bad one son and 
two daughters in Vermont, From there be moved with his son Charles W. to 
Southwold, tint., and there married a second wife, and died in 1852, aged 82. 
Phil* Waters, sister of Charles W., b 17iHi, m. Hamuel Pierce in Elgin Co., and 
Ikail 3 sons and 3 daughters. Clarissa, before mentioned, ra. Asa Warren, jun. 
Trueman Waters*s father was Capt* Aijel Waters, b. in R. I., and his father 
firom Wales. Capt. A. W,'s family were Lucy, Betty Ann, Euuicep Sally, 
Tmeman, Daniel and Charles* His wife was a Tomlinsou j both died at Long* 
Tllle, Can. j be was 82. Wm. E. Chute. 

Wooi>BtttDOR,— John Woodbridge has children bom in York, of Elizabi th his 
Wife, the daughter of George NorUm, viz. : 1. John WotKJliri<ljje, b. Sept, 29, 
ITl*. 2, Mercy Woodbri(i.i?e, h. June 21, 1720. 3, Fnvlove Woodbridge, b. 
lor, 29, 1722. 4. Lois Woodbridge, b. April 28, 1725. 5. Eimiee Woodbridge, 
b.8ept. 8, 1727. 6, Paul Woodbridge, b. Mareh 28, 1730. 

Town Hecords (Birtba and Deaths) YivrA'. Mnine, vol, l. page aS. 
PortatDOQtb, Indian Serrant of John Woodbridge, died April 20, 1720, aged — . 
iW, page Z* Frank W, Hagkktt, 

rou xLvi. S 

88 Notes and Queries* [Jan. 


Weeks. — I wish to beg the assistance of yonr readers towards fixing the 
original home of a certain Thomas Weeks or Weekes, who appeared in Perqui- 
mans County, North Carolina, between 1723 and 1727. He is mentioned in the 
records for the first time in the latter year. His wife was named Anne. He is 
called ''gentleman" and "school-teacher.** He acquired a considerable local 
prominence ; he was sheriff of the county, represented it in the General Assembly 
for a number of years, and was for many Vears a justice of the peace and judge 
of the general court. He died in 1763, leaving one or two daughters and six 
sons, whose names were Thomas, John, Benjamin, Samuel, James and Wilson. 
The descendants of Thomas are still numerous. The other lines are almost 
extinct. He left a large property, consisting chiefly of negroes and real estate. 
I think he emigrated to North Carolina from Massachusetts. I should be glad 
to correspond with any one who can give me any light as to his earlier home, 
his personal liistory and his family connections. Stephen B. Weeks. 

Trinity College j Trinity, North Carolina. 

Taber— Morehouse.— Lydia Foster (b. 21 Feb. 1762), daughter of James 
Foster and Mary Lewis of Rochester, married (27 Apr. 1786) Richard Taber of 
Dartmouth and New York City. Their son, David Corey Taber, of New York 
City, married Esther Morehouse (b. 8 Dec. 1791, at Saugatuck, now Westport, 
Fairfield County, Conn.). 

The undersigned will be glad to receive any information about the ancestry 
of either Richard Taber or Esther Morehouse. Sidney Richmond Taber. 

The Bnimblesj Lake-Forest, Illinois. 

Church. — Information Is desired as to the ancestry of Simeon Chvrch of 
Chester Parish, Saybrook, Conn., b. about 1708, who d. there Oct. 7, 1792, in 
84th year, and his wife Eunice, b. about 1719, who d. there July 16, 1809, in 90tli 
year, with dates of marriage of their children : Titus j Pawlct, Vt., 1803; Eunice, 
who m. Phineas Warner, Saybrook, 1803; PAi7«wi on, Saybrook, 1803; John, 
Winchester, Conn., 1803; Samuel, Saybrook, 1803, and dates and places of death 
of the above, except Eunice, and alsoof Lois, wife of Simeon Brooks, Saybrook, 
1803; Eliza, wife of Isaiah Huntley, Marlow, N. U., 1803, and Simeon, Renase- 
laerviUe, N. Y., 1803. 

Also respecting the ancestry of the following early settlers of Granville, 
Mass., viz. : Samuel Church, b. about 1708, who died 1792, aged 84, and JovuUham 
Church, b. about 1713, who d. April 13, 1809, aged 96. 

77 Wall St., New Haven, Conn. Lucius M. Boltwood. 

WiLLOUGBBY QuEBiES.— 1. Deputy Governor Francis Willoughby, of Charles- 
town, Mass., in his will June 4, 1(>70, gives to '* cousin March liberty during her 
widowhood to hvc in and make use of my house in which she now dwells, rent 
free." Who was '♦ cousin March? " 

2. The will of William Willoughby, son of the Dep. Gov. Francis Willoughby, 
was filed Dec. 7, 1C94, in Middlesex Probate Court. He left to "■ cousin Eliia- 
beth Moore £10." Who was she? 

Information is desired by Mrs. E. E. Salisbury, New Haven, Conn. 

Palmer. — I am desirous of obtaining information relative to the ** West- 
chester Palmer Genealogy." I have in my possession the entire line of my own 
ancestry from year 1649 to present date, beginning with William Palmer of 
Mam-a-roneek, Westchester Co., N. York, but am unable to trace beyond that 
date. At the suggestion of a friend who has had more experience in tracing up 
such matters, I have ventured to request that you publish a query in the Rois- 
ter, asking that anyone possessing a clue to information regarding books, 
traditions, or records, pertaining to said William Palmer of Westchester, woald 
communicate with me. Address Mrs. E. E. Poppleton. 

602 Gidding's Ave., Cleveland, Ohio. 


J/otes and Queries. 


Watebmovse and WHiTKnotreB,— Who were the parents of Mary Water- 
hOfOBe who m&xried Caleb Robinson about !7H<)? 

An J peraoD bavlog a genealogy of the Whitehoose family will confer a favor 
by addressing the Bubscriber, Wilijam H. Keluet* 

Xo. 142 Ea9i University St., St. Paul, Minn, 


Chakdijer,^ — I write to ask if any of the readers of the Register can assist 
mt in finding the parentage of Sarah Chandler, bom perhaps* at Stratford, Ct., 
and married abont 1760 to Andrew Patterson, then of said Stratford. They 
liTed successh-ely nt ComwaLL Ct. . Piermont, N. H., Wetht-rsfield, Ct., and New 
Lebanon, N. Y., where she died I8DL She does umI appear in Dr. Chandler'a 
Chandler Family. Gao. Dudi^y Sxtmoub. 

218 York St.. Neto Haven, Ct. 


f JoTTC Traskb, Senior, of Beverly, Mabs.* 1687-1 729.— In the inventory of 

'f Osmond Trask, of Beverly, rendc^red by his widow Elizabeth Tnwk, 

^trli, March 27, 1677, aa attests Robert Lord, Cler. (Ipsvrlch Records, 

following item : ''dew from John Trask his Brothers Son '^2.*' 

for a long time, that the above had reference to John Trask» 

, V. William, of Salem, it being then onknown, to those interested, 

were any peraons in this country, at that period, bearing the name of 

-k, excepting said John, of Salem, and a minor son of Osmr^iid, of 

BeirrHy. And yet there was a great disparity between the ages of Capt. Wiiiiara 

and < Mniond, the latter being about 36 or 38 years the junior of Capt. William, 

to the record of the depositions of said parties made in the years 16&>^ 

i^'io, as printed in tlie Hkgistkr, vlii. 1G3- It has. however^ recently 

MI iiLfht that there was a John Traske, genior, of Beverly, '* t*ea faring 

who. on the 1 5th of March, 1G87-8, with consent of his wife. Hannah 

* I for a consideration of £6, 15s. conveys to Jacob Grigs, Cooper, land in 

K:*sex Deeds, Lib, ix, HO). Again, John Traske Jun^. of Sai*-ra, sells 

-k, of Beverly, ** seaman," 24 acres of land in Beverly, April 23, 1694 

{lukmix Deeds, xix. 187). Finally, Oct, 28, 1715, John Traske, of Beverly *' hus- 

bA0dmati|'^ for £311 conveys to Robert Morgan, of the same town, Cooper, his 

mansion or dwelling house and homestead adjoining, In Beverly, 20 acres ; also, 

10 acres of land in Loagham Meadow, in said Beverly, one- third part of the 

wood lot he bought in partnership with Nathaniel Stone, Jun''* and Joseph 

Etttoa, and all his Commonages and Right in the Common and undivided lands 

tn Beverly* This was acknowledged, Nov. 2, 1716, by said John Traske and 

Hannali, bla wife, who resigned her right of dower (Essex Deeds, Lib. xxvlli. 


As a seqnel to this, we are informed by the records (Middlesex Deeds, Lib. xvli. 
4^1). that William Reed, of Lexington, Mass., on the 21st of September, 1715, 
£430 being paid by John Traske, of Beverly, ** husbandman," sells said Traske 
60 acre* of land In Lexington, with Mansion house, &c. And hi-re the family 
remained, John Traske conve3ing to his " well beloved son»" Nathaniel, of Lex- 
ingtoo, his real estate in Lexington, €0 acres of land, &c., correspunding to the 
pmoi ntide to hlra by said William Reed, together with his *• whole pew in the 
Hei>ting House," Feb. 6, 1728-1* (Middlesex Deeds, xxxii. SOfi). 

Nathaniel, above, had son, Xatiianlel, born in Lexington, March 18, 1721, who 
was ordained pastor of the Congregational Church at Brentwood, N. II., Dec. 
IJ, 174^ ; died Dec. 12, 1789, on the 41st anniver^ry of his ordination. Through 
this Bex. Nathaniel Trask, grandson of Johu and Ilannah Solan) Trask, and 
tUs brothers John and Jonathan (the former of whom, born in Lexington, Feb« 
8, 1717-18, was of Wobum, 1754), are descended many bearing our name. In 
Maine, New Hampshire and elsewhere, and in the male and femalti branches 
connecting themselves with numerous families, among them those of Batchelder, 
Bemis, Brown, Chick, Cox. Drew, Emery, Fergnson, Fltleld. Flsk, Fogg, Gor- 
don, Greene, Greeuleaf, Harrington, Hill, Hitchcock, Uuse, Jewell, Johnson, 


90 Notes and Queries. [Jan. 

KnowltoD, Ladd, Leavitt, Leighton, Leitch, Moore, Morris, Prescott, Reed, 
Rich, Robinson « Sawyer, Scott, Simpson, Soaper, Spaoldlng, Steams, Stockwell, 
Thing. Tufts, Willard, Williamson, Wills, Woodcock, Wyman, and others. 

See Hudson's History of Lexing^n, page 245 ; History and Grenealogy of the 
Trask family, by R. D. Trask, Portland, 1877, \2mo. pp. 86, where the descen- 
dants of Rev. Nathaniel in one line are given ; Annals of Brentwood, N. H., 
Congregational Church and Parish, by Rev. Benjamin A. Dean, Boston, 1889; 
Register, xxxii. 73-75. 

It would seem, therefore, quite probable, that John Traske, senior, of Beyerly, 
who married Hannah Solart, and settled in Lexington, was the ** Brothers Son" 
mentioned in the Inventory of Osmond Trask, and not John, the son of Capt. 

In conclusion, the writer of this is desirous of being informed as to the par- 
entage and time of death of said John, senior, of Beverly and Lexington. 

William B. Trask. 

Marshall P. Wilder's Christian Names. — Mr. Wilder on several occasions 
informed me that he at first bore the name of Marshall Pinckney Gerry Wilder, 
being 8o named by his father for John Marshall, Charles Cotesworth Pinckney 
and Elbridge Gerry, the envoys to France appointed in 1797 by President John 
Adams. I stated this, in a foot-note on page 234 of the 42d volome of the 
Register, adding that on one occasion Mr. Wilder, at a meeting of the New- 
England Historic Genealogical Society, told the story to his hearers. I And 
that it was at the meeting on Wednesday, Nov. 2, 1881, and that his remarks are 
printed in the report of that meeting in the Boston Daily Advertiser of Dec. 8. 
The report was written by Mr. Daniel Weld Baker, then a member of oor Society, 
who assures me that he took particular pains to give Mr. Wilder^s statement 
about his name in his own words. At that meeting a paper was read by the 
Rev. Edwin M. Stone of Providence, R. I., entitled "Reminiscences of BCarble- 
head." In it Mr. Stone referred to Elbridge Gerry and the Gerrymander. Mr. 
Wilder made some remarks at the close of the paper, which are thus reported 
in the Advertiser : 

*' In expressing his appreciation of the value of the paper. President Wilder 
reverted to the comment which had been made on Elbridge Gerry, and gaye it 
as an anecdote personal to himself that his father had at first named him Mar- 
shall Pinckney Gerry Wilder, but after the gerrymander doings he lost his admlrm- 
tion and had the ** Gerry " struck out from his son's name." j. w. D. 

A Few Notes on Maverick's Description op New England. — In the Reg- 
ister for January, 1886, vol. 39, pages 33 to 48, was printed a *' Description of 
New England," by Samuel Maverick. The following notes on that paper by 
the late Charles Deane, LL.D., are extracted from a letter to the editor of this 
magazine dated Dec. 2, 1884 : 

'* I have read the Maverick paper with much interest. It is of great value. 
Of course there are many errors it it, made by Maverick himself, such as we 
might expect him to make. In the dates of patents he is altogether out 
But some of the errors may be errors of the copyist. Now the date of 
Levett's patent, under 'CascoBay' [page 35], is given as 1632. It shonld be 
1623. And there is a similar error under Braintree as "1632 or thereabouts " 
[page 40]. If they had a patent, it was probably in 1623 or thereabouts. 

'' In the paragraph above, * Boston* [page 39], Nasascot should be Natascot 
In the second paragraph preceding the * Dccription of Plymouth boundis,' tiie 
comma should be deled in ♦ Obadiah, Holmes* [page 42]. Near the close of the 
article, * now Amsterdam* [page 47, 3d par. from bottom], should be 'luw 

Note by the editor of the Register . — In the preface to Maverick's paper, it is 
stated on page 33 that ** Maverick when Wlnthrop and his company arrived WM 
settled at Noddle's Island now East Boston." It should be *• at Winnesimmet 
now Chelsea.'* See a paper by Hon. Mellen Chamberlain in the Proceedings of 
the Massachusetts Historical Society, 2d series, vol. i. pp. 366-73. 

Judge Batchelder thinks that "■ Christo : Bachelor and Company** (page 85), 
is a mistake for *' Crispe, Bachelor and Company.** See Register for JaQuaiji 
1892, the present number, page 62. 

Notes and Queries, 


JoHK Trabk — CoRMBcnow. — Abner C, Goodell, Jr., A.M. of Salem, tn a com- 
mtmicatioD to the Register (ivUi. 160-153), on the *' Potter Family," has, 
ttmoDg others, the following note ob page 153. '* John Trask, A^^ depooenl, was 
■cm of WlUiam, who came prior to the arrival of Endicott— bap. 13. 7. 16-42, aud 
dtod 14 Apr. 1700, In his t^^ year— so says his gr stone in Beverly." 

Tliis is correct nnttl It cornea to the time of death and age of said John, who 
did not die *' 14 Apr. 1700, in his 59*** year." He passed away in November, 
ITW. Ids will being made No?. 1st of that year^ and proved Nov. 21st following, 
leed d7 years (Essex Wills, ivi. 171). 

The John Traak who was bnried in the Abbott Street bnrying-gronnd at Ber- 
eriy» t«> which the words " so says Ms gr. stone in Beverly" In this article tm- 
doubr^f^Jly refer, was born In B. Oct. 1, 1721, and died, says the grave-stone, 
** April 14, 1760, Id the 89"* year of his age." He was, according to the family 
reoorda, soa of Joseph, grandson of Samuel, and great-grandson of Osmond, of 

In justice to the writer of the above quoted note from the Reciistkr, tt should 
be mentioned, that the latter part of the paragraph was based on an incorrect 
copy of the iDscription on the gravestone given him by another person. 

William B. Trask, 

Historical I>n"EixiGEXcE» 

QrAsncft Millbxary of the Pillsbury Family.— The 250th anniversary of 

the settlement of William Piilsbury in New England was comraemorated by a 

meeting of his descendants at Newburj-port, Miiss., on Thursday, Sept. 8, 1891, 

Wite the thirtj reanion of this family, the first meeting being held in 1888, at 

" " " 10^ persons were present, and the second In 1889, when 111 were present. 

Is the largest gathering that has yet been held, 17G descendants being 

\ The^e reunions have been brought iibout tlirougb the exertions of 

Emily A. and Ellen F. Getcbell of Newburj^port, who are descendanta 

and who have speut much time In preparing a genealogy of the PUlsbnry family. 

The president, Hon. A. E. Pillsbury of Boston, presided at the gathering. The 

literary exercises consisted of speeches aud poems, A dinner was served and 

the site of the old Pillsbury house in ITigh street was visited. A full list of 

- , chosen. Among them were lUm. Albert E. Pill8bury, president ; Hon. 

fry of Charlestown, Mass., secretary; Mr. Charles E. rillsbury of 

M'' , treasurer; and Miss Emily A. Getchell of New bury port, histo- 

iog seems to have passed off very pleasantly. A full report la 

iUn% Fretta UUtorical and Gentalogical Mecard for October, 1691, 

pp. ^ to 7^, and in the Newburyport Daibj StaMard^ Sept. 4^ 1891. 

Mr. axd Mrs. Edward E. S.iiJSDtTRY of New Haven, Conn.^ are printing, 
'•privately/' and have nearly completed, a book of '* Family Histories and 
Geneftlo^t^/' It is not a mere collection of names and dates, but a book of 
fimilj-histoiy, adding to previous information many new facts which have 
bMD obtAioed abroad, as well as in this country. The book will be of great 
iDd erer4QcreasiQg interest to present and future genunitions of the families 
ipecitled* and their allies, and also valuable to genealogists, antiquaries, aod 
IU$torians» In general. The work comprises monographs on the families of 
McCorUy, Mitchell, Lord, Lyude, Digby Newdigate, Willoughby, Griswold, 
Woloott. Fltkln, Ogden, Johnson, Diodati, Lee, and Marvin; with notes, more 
Of lesa full, on the families o( Buchanan, Pannelee, Boardman, Lay, Hoo* 
LoelEe, Cole, DeWolf, Drake, Bond, Swayue, Dunbar, and Clarke. The text, 
faideiea, and armorial beArings, accompauied by thirty-one large folded pedigree 
Cibiita, on bond paper, will be in three volumes large 4 to. of about fifteen hmi- 
dMpA^es. The edition is of three hundred copies, of which nenrly twn-tlilrds 
litre been sold or otherwise appropriated. Mr. and Mrs. Salisbury will give 
foniier information, on application. 

tTtiLED FAM1I.IES Di Amrrica. — The descendants of those who have received 
ties or dt-corations of honor from royalty for merltorions actions are requested 
>acDd their pedigrees and other information to F. G. Forsyth, Norfolk, Va., 

Irbo i» coUecting material for a work of the above name. 
TOL. XLVI. 8* 

92 Notes and Queries. [Jan. 

The Maternal Anckstorb of James Russell Lowell. — Paymaster Joseph 
Foster, U.S.N. , of Portsmouth, N. H., has written two very interesting articles 
on this subject, which were printed in the Porttmouih Journal^ Sept. 5, 1891, and 
the New York Critic, Oct. 10, 1891. Among the families mentioned from which 
Mr. Lowell was descended on the mother's side are Spence, Traill, Whipple and 
Cutt. Several generations of the maternal ancestors of this eminent poet, 
essayist and statesman resided in Portsmouth. 

Professor C. E. Norton, Mr. Lowell's literary executor, says, that these articles 
are ** a very useful contribution to the history of Mr. Lowell's family, and all 
the more interesting because many of the most striking traits of his character 
and genius came to him from his mother's side." 

Register of S. Mart's Parish Church, RsADma, Berks. — ^The Rev. Oibbs 
Payne Crawfurd, M.A., has Issued a prospectus for publishing the registers of 
this church, from 1538 to 1812. It Is proposed to publish the work in two 
volumes, vol. 1 to contain Baptisms, and vol. 2 Marriages and Burials. 1^ 
first volume is now in press. It will make a volume of 836 pages on extra thick 
paper with vellem back, gold-lettered. A complete Index of persons and places, 
and a list of subscribers will be given. The edition will be limited to 100 copies. 
The greatest care has been taken to ensure accuracy. Subscriptions should be 
sent to Rev. Mr. Crawfurd, 38 Baker Street, Reading, Berks., England. Price 
to subscribers £1. Is. post free. 

Foster's Address on Gen. William Whipple, Signer op the Declaration 
OP Independence. — The Portsmouth Daily Evening Times, Nov. 28, 1891, con- 
tains a full report of the address on William Whipple by Paymaster Joseph 
Foster, U. S. N., delivered at Music Hall, Portsmouth, N. H., Nov. 20th, on the 
occasion of the presentation of the portraits of Whipple and Farragut by Storer 
Post No. 1, G. A. R., to the schools bearing those names. This address will 
also appear in a pamphlet soon to be Issued containing the proceedings on that 

Richard Clarke op Boston.— Some genealogical items about this person 
will be found ante, page 16, In Dr. Slade's contribution. We are happy to state 
that a careful pedigree of this Clarke family, which is distinct from several 
others of the name In Boston, has been prepared by Isaac J. Greenwood, A.M., 
and will soon be printed in the Register. — Editor. 

Genealogies in Preparation. — Persons of the several names are advised to 
furnish the compilers of these genealogies with records of their own families 
and other information which they think may be useful. We would suggest that 
all facts of Interest illustrating family history or character be communicated, 
especially service under the U. S. government, the holding of other offices, 
graduation from college or professional schools, occupation, with places and 
dates of births, marriages, residence and death. When there are more than one 
christian name they should all be given in full If possible. No initials should be 
used when the full names are known. 

Elder.— A genealogy of the Elder family in Scotland, Ireland, Canada, and 
the United States, Is being compiled by J. J. Elder, 1 Board of Trade, Indian- 
apolis. He would be obliged for authentic information as to the origin of the 
name, and the early history of the family ; also for genealogies of the dUQTerent 
branches of the family In the above-mentioned countries. 

Mathetcson and Sproule.—J. J. Elder, 1 Board of Trade, Indianapolis, Ind., 
has in preparation genealogies of these families. The Mathewsons crossed 
from the Hebrides, Scotland, Into the north of Ireland, about two hundred 
years ago ; and from these most of their descendants have emigrated to the New 
World, and are settled at Montreal, Winnipeg, Detroit, New York and many 
other places on this continent. The Sproules, who have frequently intermarried 
with the Mathewsons, were Lairds of Cowden in Scotland, from the time of 
Robert Bruce. They sold their estates to the Earls of Dundonald, and removed 
to County Tyrone, Ireland, where the majority of their descendants reside, but 
a portion of them are In the United States. Mr. Elder has already collected 
some valuable materials, and invites correspondence. 


Socieiiei and their Proceeding9* 


New-Enoland HiexoRic Genealogical Society. 

Bo9t(m^ MoMsachtiseUa, Wedneitdatj. October 7, 1891.-— A stated meeting was 
beld this afternoon at 3 o'clock in the lower hall of Bostiin Unh^erslty^ 12 Somcr- 
Mft Street, the president, Abner C. Goodell, Jr., A.M., In the chair. 

The Rev. Ezra Hoyt Byln^on^ D.D., reiad a paper, entitled ** Some of the 
Makers of New England.*' 

In the absence of Hamilton Andrews HilU A.M., the historiographer, Mr, 
Henrj H. Edes presented his report: that since his last report threw resident 
uembers, Messrs. Edward Stearns. William Henry Kenuard, and Hon. George 
B^ey Loring; one honorary member, Benson John LoHsing; LL.D. j and four 
corresponding members, Hon. Hannibal Hamlin, LL.D., Lyman Copcland 
Draper, LL.D.* Hon. Jokn nazlehurst Bonneval Latrobe and Austin Wells Hoi- 
toi*M.D.. have died. 

Tbc librarian presented his monthly report, 

ybvembtr 4. — A stated meeting was held this afternoon at three o'clock in the 
Itmer hall of Boston U Diversity » President Goodell in the chair* 

The Kev. E. J. V. Hnlginn, of Duxbiiry, delivered an address oa **The Dla- 
corery of the Grave of Myles Standish." 

The hUtoriographer reported the death of Mr- John Wooldredge, allfe member. 

The ReT. George M. Bodge, chairman of the special committee appointed at 
tike innn&i meetini; to investigate the matter of the sale, exchange and removal 
«f booka, pamphlets and newspapers by order of the Council, reported, that in 
tile opinion of the committee, the work *' was faithfully and judiciously done." 

Ikt,cmbrr 4* — A stated meeting was held at the lower hall of Boston Unl- 
▼ersity at three o*clock this afternoon. President Goodell In the chair- 

Fnif. Nathaniel S. Shaier of Harvard University read a paper entitled "*GeQ- 
eiUogy from the point of view of Natural Science." The paper was printed in 
IttU In the Boston CommontceaHhr Dec. 12, 1891. 

The librarian made his report for two months. 

The hi?*t(>riographer reported the recent deaths of William Coleman Foiger, 
I corresponding, and Thomas Hill, D.D., LL.D., an honorary member. 

On motion of Mr llenrj' H. Edes, it was unanimotisly Voted, That until 
otherwisK* ordered by the Society, the Nominating Committee shall send annn- 
lUy to the Recording Secretary a li,st of its nominees In season fur him to send a 
copy thereof to every Resident and Life Member with the notice of the Annual 

The president appointed the following named gentlemen a committee to 
nominate officers for the ensuing year: Andrew McFarlaud Davis, S.B.t Hon. 
Martin Parry Kennanl, Hon. 8tepiien Henry Phillips, LL.B., Mr. David Board- 
maQ Flint and William Copley Winslow, D.D. 

fMr* S&inael Johnson and Cliarles Sherburne Penhallow, A.B., were appointed 
ieonunlttee to andit the treasurer's accounts. 

Kew Haven Colony Histoiucal Society. 

Kew Havtn, Conn,, Monday, Nov. 30, 1891.— At the Annual Meeting of the 
Society held this day, the following offlcers were elected for the ensuing 

JV^fKienr'— Simeon E. Baldwin. 

FIdt Pnsidf nt, —E\l Whitney. 

BtCMtary, — Thomas R. Trowbridge- 

TW^WiiffT.— Charles S. Leete. 

The Society has recently received from Henry F. English, Esq., the deed of 
a lot 50x100 ft. situate on Grove Street, facing Ilillhonse Avenue, and valued at 
111,000, Mr. English has also signified his Intention to erect thereon a hand- 
some and suitable building for the Society as a memorial of Ms father, the late 
Hon. Jamea E. English. 

$4 iSoctetiea and their P^'oceedtngs. [Jan. 

Oi*D Colony Historicai- Society. 

Taunton^ MasBachusetU, Thursday, OcL 15, J 891, — A quarterly meeting wu 
bcW tliia afternoon, the pre»iUctit, Rev. S. Hopkins Emery. D.D., In the chair. 

Pr<3Hideot Emery ilelivered the opening address. Messrs. James E. Seaver, 
Isaac W, WUcox aud Leonard B. EUia were appointed a committee to nominate 
offlcere at the annual meeting. 

Hod William E. Fuller and others were appointed a committee to confer with 
the tmstees of the Bristol Academy, incorporated June aO» 1 7U2, and secure, If pos- 
sible, a suitable observance of the one hundredth anniversary of its foandatioo. 

Mr. Edgar H. Reed, the historiographer, reported the recent duathH of three 
merabLra, namely, Messrs. John WQson Smith (who left a bequest of ^00); 
Frederic V. Brown and Ransom Matteson. 

Mr. George Fox Tocker, of New Bedford, read a paper on " The Characteria- 
tics of the Quaker element In the New-England — aud more particularly the Old 
Colony— Life In the middle of the Seventeenth Century." 

The constitution was amended so aa to fix the sum for life membership at lea 

Capt. John W. D. HaU. the Ubrarian, reported many Talaable doQ&tioQft, 

Rhode Island Histobical Society, 

Taunton, Mass,, Tuesday, July 7, 1891. — ^A quarteriy meeting was held this 
day at the Cabinet in Waterman Street, the president, Gen. Horatio Rogers, in 
the chair. 

Dr. Amos Perry, the librarian, reported that there had been added to the 
library, 39 volumes and 193 pampldets and un class llled articles. 

Gen. Rogers called Mr. Alfred Stone to the chair, and offered a resolution that 
the society gnitefully appreciates the attention shown to the members on their 
visit to Sfllem, by the Esisex Institnte, by the Peabody Academy of Science, by 
the lion. Roberts, Rantoul, mayor of Salem, and by other persona and organln^ 

October fi.— A quarteriy meeting was held this evening. 

Superb portraits of Gov, Joseph Wanttju and his wife, painted in England a 
century and a quarter ago, presented by Mr. Etlward Perry Warren of Boston, 
were exhibiu-d, aud thanki* were voted to the donor. Gov. Wanton was the last 
colonial governor of Rhode island. 

November 3. — A meeting wan held this evening. Hon. G^eorge M. CarpenlcTt 
the first vice-president, read a paper on '' Modem Historical Aims and Methods.** 

Tiie new portrait gallery^ the largest of the new Cabinet apartments, was 
openM on this occtision. It is a room twenty feet square, lighted from the 
dome and directly in the rear of the original structure. Portraits of historical 
men and w<jnienrand paintings of tnstorical scc^nes, till the walls of the room. 
The building will be opened for public inspection at a later date. 

November 1 7.— A fortnigiitly meeting was held this evening. 

Mr. Robert T. Swan, record commissioner of the state of Massachusetts , 
a paper entitled, •* A Commission on Public Records: Its Work aud ita Pi 

December 2. — A stateil meeting was held this evening In the Society *s lecl 
room, Amos Ferry , LL.D.» in the chair. 

Eev. WiUlam Channcey Langdon, D.D., read a paper on *' Revolutions in 
Italy 1859 to 1871." 

Maine Historical Society* 

Portland, Thursdaif, December 10, 1891, — A meeting was held this altemoon 
in the library room, Baxter Building. In the absence of Prcsideut Baxter, tha 
Hon. George F. Talbot was elected chainnan. 

Mr. Hubbard Wiusiow Bryant, the librarian, reported 475 volumes and 235 
pamphlets as donations since the last meeting. 

The tirst paper presented was a *^ Memoir of the late William M. Sargent," by 
Charles E. Banks. M.D. It was rend by the Rev. Dr. 11. S. Burrage. 

Mr. ParkiiT McCobb Read, of Bath» next read a paper on '* The Dukedom of 

1892,] Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. 


Mr. Edward P. Bamli&m read a biographical notice of Joseph Dane of Eea- 

Hon. Joseph WlHiamaon read the fourth paper, entitled ** Sketches of the 
Earlier Miaisters of Maine," written by the late Hon, William D. Williamson, 
tk historian of Maine. 

Mr Samuel T. Pickard followed with a »* Memoir of the late Edward H. 
Ihrcll.- The meeting then adjourned to the evening. 

The erenln^ sesi^ion began at half past ?*evea. 

The first paper waa a tribute to the memory of Dr. Fordyce Barker of New 
fork City. 

The next paper. *• An Account of the Graves-Cilley Duel," written by Hon. 
Horatio King, was read by Mr. George F. Emery. 


Prepared by HAMtLTON Andrsws Uill, A*M.) HistoTiographer of the Society. 

The Historiographer would inform the Society, that the sketches pre- 
pared for the REGiaXEU are iiecessarilj brief in consequence of the limited 
ipace which can be appropriated. All the facts, however, which can be 
githered are retained in the Archives of the Society, and will aid in more 
tiiended memoirs for which the ** Towiie Memorial Fund/' the gift of the 
lite William B. Towne, is provided. Four voltimes, printed at the charge 
of this rnod» entitled ** Memorial liioGRAPHiEg," edited by the Commit- 
tee o« Memorials^ have been issued. They contaiu tuemoirs of all the 
members who have died from the organization of the society to the year 
1S62. A fifth volume is ready for the press. 

WtLiajtM ToLMAN Carlton, Esq., of Boston, a resident member, elected 

S«pt. <;, 187 1 ♦ died at his res i deuce in the Do rch enter di strict, June 28, 1888. 

He wan bom in Boston, January 30, 1816. He wtis son of WiUittin Lee<Is and 

Muy Jane (Millet) Carlton. His birth place was the bulkllojj known as the 

"Ranch of Grapes Tavern/' which stood at tlie corner of Kilby and State 

Streets, atid was used iis a residence at the time referred to. Much of his cldki- 

Iwod was passed In his father"* later reisldencet which stood at the corner of 

Williauw Court and the present Court Square, where the senior Carlton carried 

on a West India good* store in the lower front of the building* Later the 

funUy renaoved to Dorcheatert in which toivn the subject of our sketch was 

tdnc&ted in the common school and the then existing Dorchester Academy, 

Cundiiions of health frustrated an intention on his part to prepare for college, 

*nd he directed his attention to a career as an artist, for which he early mani- 

itsted a native aptitude. In pursuance of this he spent several years in Europe, 

iuoHil)r In Italy, with journeys in Germany and France for observation of art 

giUerieSt etc. , and followed his professloQ as artist for part of one year in Pails. 

fit returned to this country in 1840 and practised portrait painting, and gave 

tikstmction to private classes in drawinj^, as yielding the best innnedlate 

pecuniary returns. A portrait of Rev. Dr, John Pierce, of Brookline, painted 

^"^ * ~ T->% 1841, was one of those executed at this period. Between 

^0 he was In Albany, N- Y., where he painted portraits, princlpatly; 

v.,.rsoneof Silas Wright, then or previously governor of the State. 

! resumed professional work in Boston in 1850, and In the following year 

^nominated, or virtnally, selected, by Mr, George 11 idlings worth, au artist 

ttf repat4;, as his assistant in carrying on the school for free instruction in 

irt, which, during the preceding year, had been opened by the Lowell 

Imltute, with Mr. HoUingsworth as sole teacher. In carrying forward 

•Booeesfuily this enterprise of the Institute the two were happily and harmonl- 

96 Necrology of Historic Oenealogical Society, [Jaa, 

OQsly associated daring the following 27 years* when the school was terminated 
by the projectors, principally becaiiae the method of instruction first introduced 
in 1850, and steadily pursjiued, bad now been generally adopted by art teacbew, 
both in schools of free mstrnction and In private art schoola or classes. The 
date of the event was dctennioed by the circumstance of the demoUtloii of the 
bnildinjs: on WaHlilogton Street, whicli. for many yearSt bad been leased by t^ 
Institute. In respect to the raethod of instruction the two teachers had oriiaflD* 
ally been of one mind. Its main characteri^ttcd were the giving of Instniciloa 
to beginners from real objects, — teaching " from the round " as it waa called— 
Instead of copying from drawings or paintings, ^-called teaching " from the 
flat/'^and in pfaettce in drawing or painting from living modek, 5f any of the 
moat eminent artists of Boston of later years took their first leasoos hi tUi 
school, which botli in respect to originating the method in Boston and the skill 
and eltlclency of the two teachers haa a wide and deserved celebrity. This de- 
votion of bis best years to instruction limited the career of Mr. Carlton la 
respect to original production^ Besides portraits, of which there were a coa- 
elderable number, certain paintings of the genre order, and heads or full flgures 
of unique or striking feature among the peasantry of foreign lauds, are in the 
Uii^t. Of the former class several gained extensive recognition and praise at 
the time of their production. Mr. Carlton was married on June 1, 1864, to Mary 
Elizabeth Blanchard of Fortlaud, Me, This wa« her name by atloptlon, Raynei 
having been the ancestral name. The name Carlton was by the earlier genera- 
tions spelled Kilton, and as such is of DorchcHter origin from an early date. 
The change, in this case, was made in Mr. William Leeds Carltoo^s day. 
As being identifled with Dorchester tlircnrsjh the family of Eilton, and on 
Ms mother's side with that of Millett, Mr. W. T. Carlton took a deep Intensfl 
In the autifiuities of that town* He was from the ijeginning a member of the 
Dorchester Antit|aarian and llistorlcat Society. He was a gentienian of urbane 
manners and gracious presence and of uprightness and independence of charac- 
ter, and was beloved and respected by a wide circle of friends and acqaaintancet 
B^ Daniel W. Baker ^ £sq.<t of Boston. 

Rev. Henrt Gookik Stohee, A,M*. a coiregponding member, elected Feh. «. 
1845^ was the son of Setb and Sarah (Gookin) Storer, and was bom in Biddefonl, 
Me., Nov. 12, 1813. He graduated at Bowdoin College in 18S2, in a class with 
sevemK since, famons men, among whom may be mentioned, Cyni* A. Baftol, 
D.D-, Daniel R. Goodwin, D.D.» President of Trinity College, Hartford, Coirn., 
and Horatio Southgate, D.D. A course at Banger Theological Seminary fot* 
lowed his College course, and he graduated from tlie Seminary in IMS. 

Me was ordained as an Evangeti.'st, at MiUtown, N. B., March 30, 1852, and 
was acting pastor of the Congregational Church there from 1849 to 18.52. Ifl 
1853 he was preaching at Eastport, Me, , and in 18G0 was acting pastor of the 
Hammond St, Church, Bangor, Me. In liS63 and for several short terras afte^ 
wards he was in charge of the church in Scarboro'. In 18(>6 he waa at l&uX 
liachlas, Me. In IS^l he was living at West Newton, Mass. 

At other times, and when not permanently engiiged in the ministry, he resided 
at Scarborough, Me, His physical iiealth was never good, and It was for thl* 
reason that he declined repeated iuvitations to settle in permanent pastorates. 
With every promise of success in the ministry, and amply endowed with thost 
qualities of mind and heart, which tilted him for his chosen profession, he waa 
constantly hindered and interrupted in his plans, and several congregations were 
sad to lose, because of Ms uncertaJn health, one whom they had learned to respect 
and love, 

Mr. Storer was greatly Interested In the history of Scarborough ; and Mf' 
Williams. Southgate, who puidishtHl the history of that town in i!^53, iohU 
preface, says of Ids book, *' The ground-work of it is derived from MS. nota 
of Itev. H. G. Storer, whose praiseworthy diligence In collecting materials for 
the history of the Umn, has rendered tlie subsequent labor one of arrangemcflt 
and enlargement only. It Is to be regretted that one so thoroughly fltxcd for the 
task as he, dSd not complete what was so well begun.'* Mr. Storer was £af 
many years the chief authority upon points of local history and the genealogy 
of old' families of Scarborongh and vicinity. He never married. He died at 
his home in Scarborough, Sept. 19, 1888, agcni 74 years, 10 months and 7 day*- 

By the Bet. Oeorgt M, Bodge ^ A.M*t of Bast Boston. 


Book Notices. 



[Tmh Editor reqnesiBpereoni sending booki for notice to stnte» for the information of 
RMeTK, the prfoe or «aeli book, wftli the amonitt to be jidded for postage when Pent by 

f^f^-nff^s of Ihf First Cfinrrh at DorrheMer in New Engtajid : 16S6-17S4. Bos- 
tf.q. M/L4S. : George H. Ellis, Ul Franklin Street. 181*1. 8vo. pp> xxi'i+ 
?:'*. Price $3, 

Til 1*1 volume is Issued in pur«tuance of a vote of the Church In Jul^, 18S8, to 
prUat it>t tir**t maiiuseript volume of rccordst. [t is a wdeome addition to the 
ftswurcrs of the historian and the genealotjist. The committee chfirirt'cl with 
ike work con^isitfd of the pastor, the three deacontt. Rev. 8. J. Burrows and 
Ut. William B, Tra^sk, who are tnemhers of the Chtireh. The preparation of 
the principal preface or introduction, which in an important and highly 
iag part of the book, wim* assigned to the two gentlemen named. The pnblica^ 
tloo U in fulfilment of a purpo(*e long entertained, and which, from time to 
tnae. h&s had prompting and encouragement on the part of others not ccmnected 
▼ith tb** Chnreh. who appreciated the great, and. posi^lbly, in some partieulars* 



nun /ATti rc*{iii 

' ancient rctnrds as historical data. A favorable moment 
rttinlty to obtain a competent tran»cribt*r having Imth the 
ite for the patience-teeting, and in some respects perplexing, 

tr^m^rrlhor is Rev- Cliarles H. Pope of Kermehunkport, Me., who though 

identiHed with the Church is so at the second remove, it having 

of hi«* ancestors from the first settlement of the town. The 

IdtLay of ill!* labors will be recognized by all who are in any degree familiar 

with the original votnme. The extent of these labors is not quite indicated by 

L the title of "copyij^t/" which lie a.'istunes in his brief and pertinent i^reface. 
The rf^tling of the final proof sheets, with constant referi^nce tc» the oiiginal 
inee, and the preparation of a complek- index of namcM, a general index and an 
bocs of place*, are comprised in the services rendered* The literary part of 
l^^ivfiiee proper, or Intrmlurtion, is tho work of Rev. Mr. Barrows, who had 
K XWHrtlam r of Mr. Trask in the researches necessary for the presentation of 
_ Pt*taffetf«^ pertaining to local history. 

! ^ reproduced in Its orthography, capltail letters, abbre\aation8 

A: I and the order of succession of the various entries. In thia 

bsi i)im Ulnar, as Is often the case with ancient records, some irregtilarity ap- 
|i*arn an respects dates, certain of the early dates being towards tlie end of the 
Wvv- tnti fi^it^nn leavefA or iiages being used here and there for memoranda of 
<3i ; but the indexes make everything reasonably accessible. Not 

Or imd in the volume such att'airs of the church routine as would be 

t V ► a prol o Dg«d m ar^ri n a 1 reco nl o f dates o f b j rlli mad e by He v . Joh a 

Vi r i6<H2-l 780. who frequently In case of a dismissal from the Church 

Hme*^ to which the person removed; this last infonnation, often 

ttost % ► an exploring genealogist ; and herein lies the possible unique 

1!^*'* > .-iinne. There are a considerable number of miscellaueous entries, 

V ^\ bich hare the* ciiann of ^uaintness. These with what is signified 

i". il record are helx^fnl to one who would gain a correct mental picture 

f w distant; for Dorchester dates not only from the beginning of the 

}"> 1>nt during the period here covered, and much longer, was atypical 

S Mritanic community. 

in consist.^ largely and very fitly of a presentation of the facts 

■ in the question of the antiquity of the Don-'hester Church, 

i{-red. A part of the Dorchester chnreh of UVM, supposed 

. ;iie membership, emigrated at that time and founded the 

r. Conn. The records ol' the ori^^ioat church, which ante- 

iiient of the town of Dorchester, having been organlze^l at 

I'iywiouth, England, in March, 1629^80, are not extant, so far as is known, 

mil ibere is nothing official to show whether the emigrating party went as 

• dmrcll or not. As the surviving pastor, Hev. John Warhaiu, two deacona 

gf lbs orlgliial church and a majority of meud3ers removed, it is the opinion of 



Book Notices. 


fiome tbat the church as &n iDstitution went al^o. There are writings, not 
olBclal, made by pernoBs living contemporary, or nearly »o» that signify this, 
and ijther writiiig>i of the same period which are consistent with the conclusion 
which is reached by the authors of the introduction, that the orijg^nal cluircli 
separated into tw^o nuclei, whence, by accretion, came tlie permanent church of 
Dorchester and the permanent chnrch of Windsor. The phraseology of the 
Introduction U, *'The Churches at Dorchester and Windsor are both heirs of 
the same parentage." 

Whatever may finally be concluded on the matter, the fact is undisputed that 
tliere w^as a reorgatii station of the church at Dorchester, Aug. 23, 1636, after the 
departure for Windsor, which took place iu April, Bud that the initiation of this 
work of reorganization began also in April. The principal authorities relied on 
by both sides of the controversy are quoted by the authors of the introduction. 
They reach their conclusion with the minimum of argumentation, which judicial 
form of presenting the case euhatices the value of their chapter. 

The vohime Is ftn excellent specimen of the printer's art. A single fault is 
noticeable that does not detract essentially from its merit, in the omission of the 
title page of the original volume, which was Intended to be page I, as the typo- 
graphy shows. The caption of this title is, however, quoted in the lntn"iuetion, 
and the remainder of it Is a mere recital by classtfl cation of the contents, do 
that nothing of significance fails to appear. 

By Daniel IF. Bak&r, E»q.^ of Boston. 

Genealogia Btdfordieums ; being a CoUeclion af Evidences relating chi*:Jifj lo the 
Landed Gentry of Bedfordshire, A,D. 1538^1700, Collected oxtt o/ Pariah 
ReffiMers^ the Bishops" Transcripts. Earbj WiUs, Monumental Ifiscriptions, etc 
etc. Annotated with Copious Notes. By Frf:i>kiuck AuotiSTVS Blayi>es, 
Editor of the ** Visitations of Bodfordshire*' and ^* Bedfordshire Noies and 
Queries.*' London: Privately printed for the Edit<}r at the Chiswfck I'reaa. 
ISOU. Super Royal 8vo. pp. 508. Edition lUO copies, of which only a few 
copies remain unsold. Price £2 5s., post free. Address tlie compiler, at 
Sheustone Lodge, Bedford, England. 

Mr. Blaydcs, the compiler of this valuable work, began collecting genealogical 
materials relating to Bedfordshirt! some nine years ago. ** My original Intea- 
tlon." he .says, '■' was to make use of It In Illustrating and extending the * Visi- 
tations of Bedfordshire.' edited by me for the Harleiau Society in 1884; but, in 
correspondeuce with several genealogical friends, I found many who, like my- 
self, were interested in Bcdfordsliire families, so in order that the material 
which I had collected might be available for such, I resolved to print a limitevi 
edition for subscribers. The greater jwut of the contents of this volume has 
never, till now, been printed, and I cannot but think they will prove useful to 
the genealogist.'' 

Mr. Blaydes's position as editor of the Bedfordshire Notes and Queries^ wMch 
he has held for upwards of nine years, has afforded him excellent opportunitiGS 
for collecting aod sifting materials relating to the genealogy of that county. 
He has searched the registers of forty-seven parishes for facts, which registers 
he found in a fairly gfjod condition, generally speaking. ** The conclusion I 
have arrived at," he says, ^ Ms that those wellcan^d fur and kept in the more 
equable temperature of the parsonage study are likely to last for all tltne, 
whereas those kept in the damp, stagnant aUBOSphere of our too often, alas! 
barred and bolted ciuirches are gradually but surely decaying." 

The preface gives a description of the plan of the work and the sources from 
which the compiler has drawn hii* materials. The entries copied from parisli 
registers and bishops' transcripts are printed under the names of the parishea^ 
which are arranged alphabetically. The notes in illustration of these extracts 
are appended, also arranged under the several parishes. They show a vast 
amount of research. American readers will And mattei's of interest here. It 
will be remembered that Mr. Blaydes furnished important facts to Mr, Waters 
In his Washington research. (See Rkgistek, toI, 44, pp. 73-4, 308.) 

The present volume closes with the year 1700; but Mr. Blaydes has later 
material and can bring the work down to the close of the last century, in another 
volume, if sufficient encouragement Is offered him. 

The lx)ok is handsomely printed on thick white paper, and lllostrated with 
facsimiles of the slgnattires of Bcdfortlshire -lustlees, IG86-1753, from the 
parish registers of Stambridge, and of a page of a parish register ^ 1573-82, It 
has a f uU Index. 


Book Notices. 


Vvnimia Oimmlogiu. A Genealogy of the Glas$eU Familtf of Scotland and 
riMnfo, aUo of the families of Ball, Brown, Bryan, Conwaif, Danith Etfi^U, 
BoUadaif^ LeteiM^ LiUlepage, Jtfonrurc, Pepton, Bobinson, ifcrttt, Taylor, Wallac€t 
^ Virginia and Maryland, By Rev. Horace Edwin Haydkx, M,A., Member 
Booihem Hist. 8oc. ; Penn. HLsi. Society ; Wyoming Hist, and GfoL Soc. ; 
Pefin, Soc. Sons of the Revolation ; Cor. Mem- New-Eng. Hist. Gen. Soc, \ and 
Hist. Soca, of Md., Va., Ga,, &c, Ac. &c. Wnkes-Barr6, Pa. ; 1891. Large 
Sto. pp. xvlli.-|-770. Price $7.36, Including postage. 

The Bev, Mr. Hajden is favorably known as a zealona, untiring and thoroughly 
eooscieatioiia student tbrongh \\H nuniorons published contributions in history » 
fiiiialiigjF SDd cognate fields during quite a ^core of years past. 

Th« work, as he states In his preface, was commenced some eight years ago 
it th*? Inntajice of a cherished friend, a female parishioner of his. Iiistlnctiv e 
preilLlectioD Impelled a wider scope as new Information opened ap to him, until 
bs lorln^ task has assumed the present goodly proportions. He gratefully 
icknowledges essential assistance from the late Richard Moncure Conway, of 
SpotsylT&nia County, Va., a bora genealogist, and the brother of the widely- 
known writer, Moncure Daniel Conway. Mr. Haydtn baa been characteristically 
laiiidiiocis, in this, a labor extraneous of his dutiful tife-calling, and has made it 
panunOQDtly the object In his literary labors. The result is gratifyiugly what 
oddlit be expected from blm and under such circumstances. Virginm genealogy, 
di^ flppreciated and Justly worked » is an attractive tleld, fruitful In valuable 
rmltB contxibntary to a correct apprehension of Virginia in her people and her 
Mstorj, and contributajily of the Ajnerkan nation. 

The present work is undoubtedly the moat accurate in data and the moat 
tompreLensive In scope and material of any as yet published of the Virginia 
genealogies. In personal detail of prominent characters, in historic Incident, 
ia pictures of social life, and In reminiscences characteristically Virginian or 
Sonthem, it is peculiarly attractive ami Informatory. lu tracing many of the 
funilies deduced, back to Great Britain, much of interest and suggestion to the 
indent la presented. 

In a preliminary paper on "Descent,** In admirable spirit, Mr. Hayden gives 
anch usefnl information In coimteractlon of silly prejudice and cherished 
foible**— little vanities. The limits of this notice prescribe citation, but it may 
be Mid ibat this paper will be appreciated on reading. 

Borne idea of the value of this admirable gamer may be given, In that in its 
learfy dOO iM^e 8vo. pages, thoroughly indexed and Jiandsoraely bound in cloth, 
Qhistrated by portraits, and enriched by earlj wills. Revolutionary letters and 
doGOiDeiita with biographical sketches replete with original data gleaned chiefly 
!!rom old parish, county and state records, is comprehended pcwdigrees, more or 
ie«i complete, of Maryland, Virginia and Kentucky famUlea, embracing the 
foUowtiig names : Alexander, Ashby, Ashton, Ball, Bankhead, Barnes, Beckwitb, 
Black tyam. Black well, Brlncoe^ Brit ton, Brockenbrough, Bronaugh, Brown, 
BiyaD, Bnchanan, Bullitt. Bushrod, Caile, Campbell, Gary, Carter, Chichester, 
Chlnn, Cla^gett, Corter, Conway, Cooke, Cordell, Cox, Crawley or Cralle, 
Cto&bj, Covell, Dade, Daniel, Doddridge, Downman, Edwards, Eltonhead, 
Sao, EosUce, Swell, Fairfax, Fleet, Forrest, Foulke, Fowke, Fox. Franklin, 
OaafcitiB^ GtasseU, Grayson, Grtnnan, Gordon, Ualsey, Ilauson, Harrison, 
Klfft^ Hayden.. Hayes., Henderson, Henry, IloUaday, Homer, Hooe, Jones, 
ImBiEr, Key, Lee, Lewis, Lippett, Littlepage, Madison, Marr, Mason, McCarty, 
ICflONlIre, Moncure, Morton, Morson, Nalle, Overton, Patton, Paynter, Payne » 
fmiWMi. Pegram, Peyton, Phillips, Pickett, Ramsey, Randolph, RobiJison, Scar- 
loPOQg^b, Scriven, Scott, Smith, Somerville, Spauu. Stanard, Stone, Tabb, 
Taliaferro, Taylor, Terrj% Thtcher, ThrelkelL, Thompson, Tomlin, Travers, 
Tucker, Turner, Underwood, Vance, Waller, Wallace, Ware, Washington, Webb, 
Weeks, WllUams, Whiting. Winston, Wood, Wormley, Yatej*, etc. There 
tre over 100 full and extra pedigrees and excursl in addition to the sixteen 
familtea of direct record. 

There is some additional Waahington matter in amp 1 ideation of the invaluable 
maotte of Mr. Waters, and Indeed a flood of fact and lliuslration which w^ill be 
\ on examination. 

M$ Bobtrt A^ Brock, Ewq,, ofEichmond, Va, 


100 Book Xotief. [ Jaih 

The Church of England in Xora Scotia, and the Tory Clergy of the Bevoiutio%. 
By Arthur Wextworth Eaton. B.A., PresbTter of the Diocese of New 
York. Sew York: Thomas Whittaker. 1891.' 12mo. pp. zir.+320. 
The Reverend Mr. Eaton of New York makes an affectionate acknowledg- 
ment of his obligation to the diocese, in wliich he was born and bred, in his latest 
book. '* The Church of England in Nora Scotia." The author, who has made us 
familiar with the pictoresqae and romantic aspects of his native Province in Ills 
ctiarming poems, in this volume shows it to as in a plainer garb, bat one 
no less interesting. The book shows indefatigable industry and strict fidelity, 
and contains much tlxat is of value to the gennlogist and antiquary as well as 
to the general student. Through all the fUrsi chapters are found constant allu- 
sions to the great debt the church owes to the venerable Society for the Propa- 
gation of the Gospel : without its pecuniary aid in those eariy days the faithful 
must have gone without the consolations of religion, and their cfaiildren, onfah 
structed in church doctrine, must Ixave fallen a prey to some form of dissent; 
without the watchful care of the Society, error and schism of every kind most 
have been rampant. The flight of the Tories from tlie United States, which left 
the new nation to the stimulating control of congregatiouiiism, strengthened 
the church in Nova Scotia. gi\-ing its sentiment a tinge of the romantic loyalty 
the mother church of England wore after the death of the Royal Bfartyr, for the 
sutt'orings of these new settlers of Nova Scotia are apt to be underrated by us in 
New England. Very low churchmen they have always been in the Provinces, 
but their loyalty to the Crown led them to sacrifice the rapid growth of their 
college to its interests. 

The personal notices in this book are of unexpected interest to New England 
readers : familiar surnames appear on every page, and many new relatives wiU 
be found here ; some of the most distinguished laymen of Nova Scotia have been 
of New-England origin. The chapter on '* Other Religious Bodies'* is a very 
uuprejudiceil statement of the growth and usefulness of the sects, and a clear 
exposition of the [political side of Romanism, which has always made it abhorrent 
to British subjects. Congregationalism made a settlement in Nova Scotia long 
before Comwallis's surrender, as those will remember who recall the elaborate 
treatment of thb subject by Mr. Eaton's friend. l*rofessor Rand, and a little 
gentler usage of them by the ecclesiastical authorities would have conciliated 
most of their hostility and made the l^rovince singularly united. Among 
the early students of Kings College was Major General James Arnold, a gallant 
soldier and a skilful commander, but the son of the traitor; and the only nn- 
ploa.HRnt lino in this book is that which speaks of *'the celebrated Benedict 
A mold." A book published in New York should have f oimd some more accurate 
description of him. • • 

The Annals of Sudbury, Wayland and Maynard, Middlesex County, JfoMocto- 

sttts. By Alp red Sereno Hui>sun, Author of Historv of Sudbury, etc. 

Illustrated. 1691. Super Royal Svo. pp. 2i;H.4<H-vL Price f4. Sold by 

tlio author, the Rev. A. S. Hudson. Aver, Mass. 

The Uev. Mr. Hudson contributed to the History of Middlesex Connty. pub- 
IIhIuhI in 18'J0. liistories of the towns of Sudbury, Wayland and Maynard. These 
art^ iiuule the l>asis of the histories of those places in' the handsome volume be- 
fortt us. Sudbur>', the parent town, was settled In 163d. and received its name 
Hiipl. 4. lt;3D. Wayland. originally East Sudbury, was incorporated as a town 
AprU 10. 17M), and 3layuard. April 19. 1871. 

'V\w vt>hime is divided into six parts. Part I. is the History of Sudbary. 
|«Hi'i 11. is the Annals of Wayland. Part III. Annals of Maynard. Part IV. 
A|ipoiiiUx to the Annals of Wayland. arranged under^ various heads: snchaa 
Hiidbury In the settlement of other Towns; Papers, Facts and Incidents In 
rlitU|t*s War; Modes of Travel, Public Houses and Temperance; .Bridges, 
I'niiHO ways and Meadows in Sudbury River: Roll of Honor: Poetical Selections 
rioui Wayland Authors. Part V. Biographical Sketches and History of Houses. 
|*Ai-i VI. Quarter Millennial Anniversary Exercises of Sudbury and Wavland, 
Hiait. 4. lWi9. 

TliU llHt of the contents of the volume shows a variety of interesting topics 
iHuiiril upim in its pages. It is profusely illustrated, there being upwards of 
hI^Iy 1 1 lustrations, such as portraits — ^many of them steel engravings — ^\-iews of 
lMill<liiitf'* Hud Hoonery. maps and plans. It is a valuable addition to the local 
liWl Ml y nf tlt^ County of Middlesex. The book has a good index. 

Hook 2fotice8. 


7%e Shtory of Wttlhorough, MamaehuBttts. Pari L The Earlff EUtory. By 
R^MAif Packard De Forest. Fart 11. Tkf Later BMory, By Edward 
Cbaio Batks, Westboroiigh : Published by the Town. 1891. 8vo. pp. 
xvi-4-504. Price #3.50. Sold by the town clerk, Westboroupjh, Mass, 

Wcstborougb has an interest for ns as the birthplaee of Eli Whttncyt the In- 
rentor of the cotton-^n, an invention which revolutionized the Industry of the 
iootiiem states. Many other men of note were natives or residents of the 

The book before ns Is well written and commends Itself to students of Amerl- 
OB local history. It treats of the topography of Westborough, of its Indian 
i hUitj , Its first white settlers, its incorporation in 1712, its chnrchets and 
lilDl9tera. its public schools, its manufacttirin^ and agjicnltnral industries, 
tesldes other topics of Intere&t relatinje: to the place and its inhabitants. The 
put taken by its i>eople in the French and Indian wars, the revolution, the war 
of 1812 and the late civil war are fully set forth. Biographical sketches of 
pFomloent citlzeDs are given in the appendix. 

The book has been compilcKi by two citizens of the town, the Rev. Mr. De 
flBTC^ and Mr. Bates. The early history of the place, closing with the year 
MO. was written by Mr. De Forest ; and' the later history, beginning with the 
dTil war and coming down to the present timCt a period of thirty years, is the 
work of Mr. Bates. Both of these gentlemen have done their work well. The 
Tolnnie ia well printed and U embellished with niniieroas fine illustrations, con- 
dfltUis ot portraits, views, maps and plans. It has a good Index. 

Memorial of Seymour W. Baldwin of Elyria, Ohio, and of Fidelia (Hall) Baldwin 
Mi^etfe, Cleveland, Ohio ^ Leader Printing Company. 1891. 8vo» pp. 33. 

TW» memorial of Seymour W. Baldwin, a merchant of Elyria, Ohio, and his 

•ecoQd wife, contains remarks at the fnnerai of the former, Feb. 7, 18»1, by the 

Bev, Kdwin E^ Williams, pastor of the Congregational Church in Klyria, and 

Tv > Hoyt, D.D., presiding elder of the Sandusky District of the 

hi ropnl Church; a paper by Rev. Frederick A. Gould of the 

tuivni-i ir^jMscopal Church at Elyria; and resolutions by various bodies on his 

ih. The Rev. Dr. Hoyt, after portraying the life of Mr. BaJdwln as a 

icrsaful bosiness man^ a benevolent citizen and a sincere christian, thus speaks 

of its lessons : " Ton and I can look at such a character as his and learn a great 

Jf5^(tnn, We can learn that It is not the greatest thing in this w^orid to be success- 

hu»ineS8, to be a great lawyer or a great scliolar, a great doctor or a mao 

_ jit moneyed power. There is something in human nature, sonietbhig in 

mmu, sotQethiag In heart, soniethiug iu character that rises up above all these 

Mftlily tlifn^ and gives the human soul a digiiitv and glory that can never be 


Ufa. Fidelia Baldwin died before her husband, Oct> 6, 1886» An obituary of 
W Is reprinted here from the Elyria Weekly Eepublican. Her step-st^u, Hon. 
Oiirles Candee Baldwin, of Cleveland, In his Genealogy of the Baldwin family, 
bean tesiltnony to her sterling worth and great kindness. 

Ma Samocit and Mm TYmes. Read before the '' Bostonlon Society " in the 
Old State House, by the Secretary, Wiojam Clarence BtTtiiAOE. Published 
by the John Hancock Mutual Life Insurance Co. of Boston. 1891. Demy 4to. 
pp. 19. 

Oov. John Hancock, of Massachusetts, the first signer of the Declaration of 

IbdipeDdence, is enshrined in the hearts of the people of this country, though 

Mae wrilers have endeavored to detract from his merits. Mr. Bufrage has 

^JOlw a ^ocd work in vindicating his memory in the elegant brochure before us. 

^Hp s^Tea a detailed account of the life of the patriot, drawn from every source 

^^mlfablc to him. The illustrations are very fine. Portraits of John Hancoclc 

' tM his wife Dorotliy Quincy (a niece of Dr. Kolmes*s ancestress, '* Dorothy 

Q/',L are given. Other engravings are a view^ of the Hancock House; Boston 

Tea Party, 1773; Meeting of John Hancock and Paul Revere at Lexington; 

Retreat of the British from Lexington; and Gov. Hancock*s Vj.'iit to President 

Washington. A facsimile of t!u? Girder of procession at the funeral of Gov. 

Hancock^ aa printed in a newspaper at the time, is given. 


Book Jfoticea, 


The Lost Cotonf of Boanoke ; iu F<ate and SurviwU, By Stephen B. Wssis, 
Fh.D. (Jolins Hopldna). New York: TheKalckerbockerPrewk 1891. dm 
pp, 42. Price 50 cents. 

This paper was read before the American Historical Association, and U re- 
printed from the fifth volume of the Papers of that society, 

Ralegh's '* ho»i Colony '" has long been an object of romantic Interest to oor 
people, and Dn Weeks's account of ita '* fate and survival" will gratify the 
curiosity of many Headers. The author gives an account of Ralegh's attempt to 
colonize Virginia, and reproduces the authorities for auch facts as tiave bceu 
preserved. He then advancet* arg\iraent« to prove Uiat the Croatan Indiana, 
now living iu Robinson County, North Carolina, are lineal desjcend&nta of the 
colonists left on Roanoke Inland in 1587, by John White. The conclasloai 
reached from printed authorities are conJlmietl by the traditions, by the charaC' 
ter and disposition, by the language* and by the family names of this tribe of 
Indians. The paper is a very able one, showing mEch patient and praisewoitbf 
research. We commend It to our readers, 

A Genealogical History be^tming with Col. John WashinQton, the efnifffaiU, and 
head of the Wa»hingtfin Family in America. Edited and Compiled by Thorntost 
AuGUSTiN Washington. Washington, D. C. : Press of McGltl &. Wallace. 
1891. 8yo. pp. 71. With, folding tabular pedigree. 

Experimental Pedigree of BesceiidanU of Lawrence Washington, 1635-1677^ <if 
Virginia. By Rev. Horacr Edwin Hatden, of Wilkesbarre, Pa. 1801. 
Bvo. pp. 6. 

WilU of the American Ancestors of General George Washington^ in the Line o/ 
thf^ Original (hcner and the Inheritors of Mount Vernon. Edited by Joskps 
M. Toner, M.D. Boston: New-England Historic Genealogical Society. 
IB&l. 8vo. pp. 19. 

We have before us three pamphlets lUustratlag the genealogy and history of 
the Washington family. 

In the first work Col. Thornton A. Washington gives much genealogical matter 
relating to the descendants of Col. John Washington the emigrant ancestor of 
President Washington in the line of the compiler, who Is descended from Samuel 
Washington, bom Nov. 1*1, 1734, the oldest full brother of the President. The 
work seems to be compiled with much care. The biographies of the variouj 
members of the family are very full, and contain matter hitherto not accessible. 

The pamphlet by the Rev. Mr. Haydeu is reprinted from the author's '* Vir- 
ginia Genealogies." Less has been known of the descendants of Lawrence 
Washington, the emigrant to Virginia, than there has been of those of his elder 
brother John, to whom the other two pamphlets are devoted. Mr. Uayden's 
pamphlet is particularly welcome. 

Dr. Toner's pan^phlet I.h a reprint of bis contribution to the July number of 
the Rkgister, and our readers are familiar with its valuable contents. It is 
handsomely printed and will be found convenient it its separate form. 

How Tale grew to be a National University. 8vo. 14 pages. 

Weeden^a Econoviic and Social History of New England. 8vo. 26 pages. 

These two pamphlets are by William L. Kingsley, .4.M.^ editor of the NevB- 
Englander and Yale Beview, and are repriuted from that magazine; the former 
from the number for October, 1801, and the latter from that for November, 1891- 

In the first pamphlet, Mr. Kingsley shows the steps by which Yale College grew 
to be a *■ national university/* as he claims that it is. *' No other college In the 
country," he says, ** draws so large a number of students from so wide an area. 
Its graduates are in every State of the Union— we might say in every town of 
any considerable size. Its faculties, though for the roost part made np of Its 
own alum nit include Pro feasors selected from the aiumnt of more than a dozen 
other institutions of learning. Its students belong to families connected with 
all the different daiomi nations, and all these denominations are also represented 
among its instructors. The spirit which rules on the campus Is thoroughly 
Americau, and democratic in the true sense of that term." 

A college was contemplated by the founders of New Haven, where Yale Col- 


Book 276ttcea. 


lege Is settled, and l&nd was set apiirt by them for such an Institution^ But fti 
tbe request of the friends of Harvard College, who represented that New Eng- 
knd could not then sopport two colleges, the plan wai* not carried into 
esecutiozi for three score yeATs. When, at the beginning of the lajst eeniury, a 
ooQ«tge waa founded, In ConnecUcut, It was detennined to enlarge the area from 
wldch the college might draw its support, and it wa^, the author n&y^y to James 
Pierpout^ the founder of the iiiatitytioo, that we owe this. The plan adopted 
ia 1701 has been contiuued to the present time, the mrea constautly Increasing 
from which students were drawn. 

The second pamphlet Is a review of Mr. Weedeu's work on the ** Economic 
ad Social History of New England," Mr, Kingsley appreciates the great labor 
of Mr. Weedeu in gathering hij* facts from iio many sources— many of them 
obscure and not easily accessible ; and the high value of the resultii uiitalned 
by hla cArefal and genera Uy judicious labors. But he cannot agree with him 
k all his infereuces, *'Life in New England in the seventeenth century/' 
ICr. Klu^sley thinks^ **was not such a dulL bare and spiritless alfair as Is 
n*{f resented ! On what continent, pray« and among what people wai^ there more 
tmX aod substantial happiness? The attempt to answer this question may lead 
tome people to pause before they accept the estimate which is placed upon 
YuxMMgm tn this book." 

Jibr MaUrical Alla^ and General EiUorjf. By EofiEHt H, Labbekton, SEver^ 
Burdett & Company, New York, Boston, Chicago. ISUO- 4to. pp. 213. 

Thia ia a very useful work. It is a hii^tory of the world arranged under na- 
tkms and epochs, and iUnstrated by numerous maps. The American History fills 
17 ^a^ea of the work, with many maps illustrating it. Appended are twenty -nine 
leal tables of royal and historic families from classical tiinei* to the 
It. The table of contents embodies a bibliography of the wcirks used as 
>r!tle8. Mr. Labberton has been engaged for twenty years on a large 
lirtoiic^ and genealogical atlas whicli has not yet been published, but his labors 
OH that work have furnished material and lltt^^d bim for thH. The plates of a 
fonDcT Atlaa haTing been destroyed by fire, the author has made a thorough 
itTiatoti of the work and presents it to his readers in the well printed book 
bif ore ua. 

ftorlr'f HiMofjf and Guide to the Bahama Isla7id9, containing a Begeripiion of 
everylhing on or about the Bahama Jsl a fids of which the Visitor or Eemdent majf 
ieiiw jt^ormadon ; int.lnding their HiMory, InhahUafHs, Climate, AgricvUuret 
ihoiog^^ Ge^ernment and Besotirces. I^dlif Illustrated mfh Mapff, Enfjmrings 
9mdF%okhprintfi, By Jambs H. Stark. Boston : Photo-Electrotype Company, 
Publishers. 12mo. pp. x.-h243. Price #1. 

The title-page sets forth clearly the contents of this book. It has been the 
lothor'a InteuUon, as he states in the preface, to produce '' a history' and gidde 
W the Bahama Inlands. In the perfonuaoee of this task every avaiiiable source 
of Information known to bim has been drawn upon* tbe best authorities have 
been consulted, such as Bruce's, McKiunen's, Edwards's, aod Bacot's histories, 
from which much valuable iufonnation has been compiled, and also from some 
r«cent works on the Bahamas, such as Towles^ IveSi Drysdale's and tbe NaJisau 

Blr. StMTk ha^ evidently be.stowed much labor on this work. The reader 
will And here interesting mutter on this subject which has never before appeared 
la print. The fourth centenary of the discovery of America by Columbus 
recurring In this year, readers will be attracted towards the contents of this 
oeat and handy volume. 

" The TrateUing Church " : An Account of the Baptist Exodus from Virginia to 
Mmucky in 1781 under the Leadership of Rev, LettfU Craig and Capt. WilHam 
MUiB, By Oborge W. Ranck. Louis ville^ Ky. : Press of Baptist Book Con- 
oem. 1891. 8vo. pp. 38. Price 25 cts. 

TtiB atory of the march of the heroic Baptist pioneers from Virginia to 
hntUnLky lo the latter part of the last century, emiiodles ** much that has been 
vUsi^ neglected by other writers, and supplies a thrilling chapter" in the his- 
kfy of Kentucky. 


104 Book JToiiees. [Jia. 

BattUt of Santo^. 1777. Tke Ssrvfo^ Mommrntemi AMtociaiian, 1856-1891, 

lUmMraUd. Br Eludt Hakddt Walwokth. Jod Mansdl's Sons, PabUsheiB. 

AltMoy. y. T. Royal 8to. pp. 191. Price $»JSO. 

Mrs. Walworth pablished a mooogiapli oo Bnrjrojiie's Campaign in 1877, the 
ceDtenary of the captnie of that generaTs army. She has been indaced l^ the 
farormble reoeptioo which her vofamie met with, to bring out this volume, and 
to Ulostrate it with -original riews of the battle-groondf and the historic 
tablets which hare been erected to mark different points of interest." 

The Tolnme contains an acooont of the battles of Saratoga, followed bj a bi§- 
tory of the Saratoga Monument Association and other historical matters rdatlng 
to Saratoga and the battles. The initiatory steps for forming this association 
were taken in l^o6. at a meeting of patriotic gentlemen in the old Schuyler 
mansion at SchnylerriUe. X. Y.. and resulted in the organiiation in 1859 of an 
association, with the Hon. Hamilton Fish as President. The history of this 
association and what it has done is fully giren in this Tohune by Mrs. Walworth, 
who is chairman of the committee on tablets, and also on that in chaige of the 

The book is handsomely printed on thick white paper, and is lllastrated with 
twenty-foor fine eagrarii^, consisting of portraits, views, maps and plans. 

Saratoga Is admitted to be one of the decLsire battles of the world, and Mrs. 
Walworth has done a service to her coantrymen in preserving the history of that 
important event and of the association whose object is to oonmiemorate it. 

Memoranda comceming thf Famay of Bispkam in Grtat Britain and the Uniiei 
Staifs of America. Compiled and edited by Whuam Bispham of New York. 
Privately Printed. New York. i890. Boyal 8vo. pp. 348. Edition iOO 

Becordofthe Busi FamUjf, embracimg the Descendants of Henry Bust vtiko came 
from England and settled in Hingkam, Jfojts.. 1634-1635. By Axjuekt D. 
Rust. Pablished by the Author. Waco, Texas, dvo. pp. xvi.+528. 

The Ladd Family. A Genealogical and Biograpkieal Memoir of the Descendantt 
of Daniel Ladd of Haverhill ; Joseph Ladd of Fortsmouth, B. I.: John Ladd of 
Burlington, X. J. Compiled by Warrex Ladd of New Bedford. Printed 
for the Author by Edmund Anthony & Sons, New Bedford, Mass. 1890. 
8vo. pp. xil.-Ml3. 

Genealogical Becords and Sketches of the Descendants of William Thomas cf 
Hardteick, Mass. Illustrated by Vie^es and Fortrails. By A. B. Thomas, ILD. 
Philadelphia and London : F. A. Davis, Publisher. 1891. 8vo. pp. xL+831. 

The Brockvcay Family. Some Becords of Wolston Brockway and his Descendants. 
Bv Francis £. Brockwat. Owego, N. Y. : Leon L. Brockway's Power 

Print. 1890. 4to. pp. 167. 

The Genealogy of the Dimond or Dimon Family of Fairjteldy Conn. TogMer 
leith the Becords of the Dimom or Dymont Family of East Hampton, Lony 
Island and of the Dimond Family of Xew Hampshire. By Edwin R. Dimokd 
of San Francisco, Cal. Albany, N. Y. : Published for the Compiler by Jod 
Munseirs Sons. 1891. 8vo. pp. 179. 

Materials for a History of the Sessions Family in America, the Descendants cf 
Alexander Sessions of Andocer, Mass., 1669. Gathered by Francis C. Srs- 
siONS. Albany, N. Y. : Joel Munsell*s Sons, Publishers. 1890. Fcp. 4ta 
pp. 252. Price $2. 

Memoranda relating to the Mifflin Family. By John Houston M»»prTj_ 
[Philadelphia:] Printed for Private Distribution. [1890.] 8vo. pp.91. 

Matthias Famsvcorth and his Descendants in America. A Monograph. By 
Claudius Buchanan Farnsworth. Pawtucket, B. I. : Published by the 
Author. 1891. Super Royal 8vo. pp. 122. 

A History of the Putnam Family in England and America, recording the Ancestry 
and Descendants of John Putnam of Danvers, Mass., Jan Poutman of Albany, 
N. T.y and Thomas Putnam of Hartford, Conn. By Eben Putnam. Illus- 
trated. Salem, Mass., U. S. A. : The Salem Press Publishing and Printing 


Book Notices, 


Co. 1S9L Syo, Part I. pp. 64+y. EditioD 3O0 copies. lasaed to Sub- 
•erfbers only. Frlee iC.OO in adyftnce. 

^wnetilo^eai BUUfty, »howing the PaUrnal Line from AHhur Mexford^ a native of 
England, u>ho married Elizabeth Ste^vens of Nrw Haven, ^ Conn,, in 2 702, Com* 
piled by John DbWitt Rkxford. JaiiejsTllle, Wis. : Gazette Friiitiog Cora- 
ptny, Frlnters. 1891. 8vo. pp. 77. 

Imi€ Material for a Gentalogy of the Prince Family of Daniiers. By Ebkn Fut- 
KiM. 8vo. pp. IL 

Tkf Atif:fMffj and DeieendanU of Jonathan PoUardr 1759-1821. With BecordM 
o/ Allied Families. Compiled by Lucien M. Uj^derwood. Syracuse, N, Y. : 
PrlTfttely Printed. 1891. Sra. 4to. pp. 20. Edition 200 copies. Price 65 cts., 
postpaid, 2 copies for onedoOar. Addrcsii L. M. Underwood, 411 Comstock 
ATcnae, Syracuse, N. Y. 

Jrfkn Smiih of MUford, New Haven Colony f 1640; and his Descendants to the 
Fifth Generation. Compiled by Robert Atwatek Smith of New Haven, Conn* 

Till of Charles Hoare of Gloucest^ir, England, With Notes by George F. Hoar. 
Boston : David Clapp & Son, Printers. 1891. 8ro. pp. 7, 

Cb5*<» John Elliott of Boston, Mass., 1722. By I. J. Greenwood. 8vo- pp* 4. 

The Ancemtral Dictionary. Edited by John Osborne Austin. Printed by B, 
L. Freeman & Son, Central Falls, R. I. Syo. pp. 14. Price ^5^ postpaid. 
Address J. O. Austin, P.O. Box 81. Provideoce, R. I. 

in Account of the Beunion of the Descemian/s of Mev, T7toma$ Hooker , First 
Mttisier of Hartford, Conn., held at Hartford, Mai/ 1^* 1S90, with other 
Bislorical Papers, Edited by Jons Hooker, President of Thomas Hooker 
Association. Salem» Mass. : Tliu Salem Press Publiflklng and l^rintlng Co. 
1891. 8vo, pp. 83. 

fipport of the Sixth Annual Heunion of tJie Eaton Family Astaeiation, held ett 
Boston^ August 19, 1890. New Haven: Tnttle, Morehouse & Taylor, 
Prtatera. 1891. 8vo. pp. a5. 

Sighih Annual Beunion of the Hartwdl Familtf Association, held oi the Town 
Hall, Concord, Mass., August 27, 1891. Bvo. pp. 19. 

We continne in this number onr notices of genea!og:ical publications. 

The book on tlie Blsphanm U a work of mncb research, particularly in relation 

t^ ' ' »ry of the name in England, which seems to be esliaustive. The 

of a mfl|c>rlty of the BJE^phams in the United States are de* 

II two brothers, Benjamin and Jo«hus, sons of Joseph Blspham of 

I; an agricultural township in the parish of Qrmskirk» Lancashire, 

^v: to America in the first half of the lawt century and settled in New 

Jersey, Benjamin at Mount Holly and Joshua at Morestown, both in Bnrling- 

Um County. The book is handsomely printed and bound. It ban fourteen illus- 

tiitloos, among them fine views of Old Bispham Hall at Wigan, and the churches 

of St. Thomas ii Becket, Up-HoUand, and St. Peter and St. Paul, Ormj^kirk, all 

ia Lancashire, and other objects of interest to the family. Two folding English 

Pedigrees are giv«n. The volume isi \vell indexed. 

In the volume on the Rust family, the descendants of Henry Ru8t, an early 
letllcr of Hingham, Mass.» seem to be very thoroughly traced. Nearly Ave 
hnidftKl families are given, arranged ow Ihe Etigister Plan. The compiler has 
l*«i very successful in obtaining biographical as well as genealogical details. 
Thirty-flVe steel and albertvpe port nil ts, bt^i^ldes other engravinga, embellish the 
folome. It is liaodsomety printed and thoroughly indexed. 

The Laidd genealogy Is compiled by Warren Ladd of New Bedford, who has 
been enga^grecl in collecting materials for about eight yearn. He has done his 
work very faithfully and produced a volume that will be prized by those bear- 
iiig the name. The book Is well printed and has au excellent index. 

The Thomas genealogy is by Prof. Amos Russell Thomas, M.D.. of the 
Hahoematm Medical College of Philadelphia. He has collected here much 
iBterestlng matter about the name, and has given a good genealogy of the de- 
•eimlaiita of William Thomas, w ho settled in Hard wick, Massachusetts, some 
time prcrious to December, 1732. He is considered by Rev. Dr. Paige, the 
historian of Hardwick, to be one of the earliest if not the earliest white Inhabi- 

106 Book Nbticeg. [JflnJ 

t&nts of that town. Prof. Thomas has broo^bt out bis book In a handsome 

forirt* It Is well printed and bound. It has a ^ood Index. 

The Brockway book ia devotetl to tlie desceruiants of Wolston Brockway who 
aettled in Lyme, Connecticut, In the middle of the seventeenth century. Mr, 
Brockway of Owego, the compiler, hii» had the assistance of the veteran geoe- 
alogiiit, Mr. J>. WlUiaina Patternvm of Newark Valley, N. Y. The book l* well 
arranged and well Indexed. It makes a handsome volume» Illustrated with por- 

The Dimond Family, by Mr, Dimond of San Francisco, is chiefly devoted to 
the descendants of Thomas Dimond, an early settler of Fairfield, Conn. They 
are traced to the present time, some of the tenth gencratloD being: given. Wa 
have also in the book the records of the descendants of Thomas Dymont of 
£ast Hampton, L. I., who died In 1682, and of Ezekiel Ilimond, who settled la 
Concord, N. H. about 1750 and who was a native of South Hampton In that 
province. Though lirhig at such a distance from the early records of tha 
family, he has under iheiie difficulties persevered is Ma research and made a very 
conmiondable book. It has a gofxl ladex. 

The materials for a History of the Sessions Family contain a lar^ amomtl 
of matter relating to the nanie* consisting of bloi^raphles, letters, extracts from 
public records, records of famiLles, etc. While on a recent tour of Etirope h«, 
visited Wantage, Berkshire, from which place he had some reason for belJeTlD£ 
that bis ancestors came, but he found none of the name there, though in thSI 
adjoining county of Gloucester he met with persons of that name, one of whom 
was mayor of the city of Gloucester. Tht? book makes a neat volume and la 
illustrated with portraits and views of build logs. 

The book on the Mifflin family relates to the descendants of John MlflUn, 
senior, and John Mifflin, Jirnlor, father and son, who came from Warminster, 
Wiltshire, some time prior to 1C71I, and settled in Pennsylvania. It contains 
much valuable material. It makes a handsome volume. 

The Farnsworth book Is principally devoted to the descendants of Matthias 
Famsworth, who was a resident of Lynn, Mass., as early as lij.'>7, but who re- 
moved a few years later to Groton. Two others of the surname are found in 
America in the seventeenth century — Joseph at Dorchester, Mass., in 1632, and 
Thomas, a quaker, at what is now Bordentown, New Jersey, Mr. Famswortli 
gives brief accounts of Joseph and Tiiomas and their families^ and devotee the 
rest of the book to the posterity of Matthias. The work is based on collections 
by the an thorns uncle. Rev. James D. Farnsworth, who died in 1854. It Is a 
very acceptaijle contribution to American genealogy. It is well printed and 
indexed. I 

The next work, on the Pntnam family, will fill a long felt want, WTien com* 
pleted tt will contain the result of the labors of several industrious genealogists, 
the first of whom was Dea. Edward Putnam, a grantlson of the emigrant, who 
compiled a genealogy in 173B. The author of this work, Mr, Eben Putnam of 
Danvers, began collecting facts when twelve years of age. After others w*ho 
had been preparlug a Putnam genealogy for the press hi3 died or given up the 
task, Mr. Putnam took their materials and by great labor for several years has'| 
prepared them for the press. The book when completed will make 600 octavo { 
pages, enibelllshed with about S\) full page illustrations. It will be issued In 
parts of about 60 pages each. The compiler hopes to publish the work complete^ 
by next summer. The part before us is well arranged and well printed. 

The Rexfoni book is devoted to the descendants of Arthur Hex ford who 
settled iu New Haven, Conn., as early as 1702, It coutalna valuable material and , 
is clearly arranged. i 

Mr. Putnam's pamphlet on the Prince family la reprinted from the Collections 
of the Essex Institute, vol. 27. It is intended to be supplementary to the 
account, in vol. 14, by the late Dr. James A. Emmerton, of the immediate 
descendants of Robert Prince of Salem. \ 

The pamphh*t on the Pollard family gives the ancCv^try and descendants of | 
Jonathan Pollaitl of New Brnintree, Mass., born at Suncook, N, H., March 3, 1 
176S. He was a great grandson of Thomas Pollard, who settled at Bitlerlca, i 
Mass,, about 1692, The work is well compiled and handsomely printed. It 
also contains genealogical matter relating to the families of Merrick, Smlthi i 
Binl and Williams. 

The next three pamphlets, relating to Smith, Hoare and Elliott, are reprints 
from the Register, and their matter is famiMer to our readers. 


Recent Publications. 


Tbe Ancestral Dlctiooarj consists of a series of sLxty-fonr anceBtra! tables, 
meh of wbich gives all the known ancevStora to the fourth generation of indi- 
lidoftls of more or le^s prominence, living and dead. Appended are ei^bt blank 
ehartft, in which the purchaf^er can record Mb own aucestr)^ and that of Ms 
fde&ds. It Is a very useful volume. 

The last three pamphlets ^ve the exercises at the gatherings of the families 
of Hooker^ E&ton and Hartwell. These were all interesting occasions, and the 
ptmphlels preaerre much Yaltiable materiaL 


TO TKS Naw-EwoLAKD H18T0RIC Gbxbalooical Socibtt to Dbc. 16, 1891. 
Fropued by the Rev. Ezra Hoyt Byinoto!*» D»D,| Librarian. 

I, PMUfditmi written or edited by Memhers of the Somety. 

ffiatory of Brain tree and Qumcy, Mass. By Charles Prancis Adams, AJB* Boiton. 
1191, 8to. pp. 366. ' 

8ome Phases of Sexual Morality and Church Discipline in Colooial New England. 
It Cliarlea Francis Adams, AJl. Pp. 43. 

Badlbrd. England. A Historical Sketch. By Rev. E. G. Porter. Poinphlet, 10 


fotea and Additions to the History of Gloucester. Second Series. By John J. 
fiabson. Salem. 1691. 8 vo. pp. 187. 

Qateral John W. Phelps. A paper read before the New- England Historic Qeneaio- 
pcd Society. By Cecd H. C. Howard. Dec. l. 1886. 

Dedication Memorial Library. Acton, Mass. 1890. 8to. pp, 46. 

B«eord of the First Church in Dorchester, 1636 to 17^4. Boston. 1891. Svo, pp. 40. 

laflnencc of the Netherlands upon England and the American Republic. By 
Wilfiain Elliot Griffiji, D.D. Boston. 1891. Pamphlet pp. 40. 

Tbe Influence of the Clergy in the War of tbe Ke volution. By Rt. Rev. William 
StCTcas Perry. D.D. 

Csptain Thomas Lawrence^s Company, 1758. By Samuel Abbott Green, MJ>. 
Ctmhridge* 1890. Pamphlet 8vo. pp. 15, 

A History of the Putnam Family, Part U By Eben Putnam. Salem. 1891. 

The Church in Nova Scotia. Rey. A. W. Eaton, BA. Pp. 320. 12mo. 1891. 

n. Other PuMicaHom* 

Trtnsactiona of the Royal Historical Society. 1891. Vol. V. New Series. 

The Anatomy of Astrangla Dance. Natural History Illustrations. Prepared under 
tike direction of Louis Agassiz, 1849. Published by the Smithsonian Institution. 1889. 

Six Specie* of North American Fresh Water Fishes, l^ouis Agassiz and Spencer 
t Btird, 1849. Published by the Smithsonian Institution. 1889. 

Archaeologia. Tracts relating to Antiquity. Second Series, London. 1899* Vol. 
U. 4to. pp. 788. 

Proceedingi of the Society of Antiquaries. London. Session of 1890-1 891. 

Centennial of the First Congregational Church, Jericho, Vt. 1791-1891, His* 
torical Addresses by Hon. Edgar H. Lane and Rev. Austin Hazeo. Burlington, Vt. 

Americant of Royal Descent. By Charles IL Browning. Philadelphia, 1891. 
^9<mid Edition. 8vo. pp. 732. 

Memorial Sermon on the Life and Character of Bishop Benjamin H. Paddock, 
S.T.D, Bv Rt, Rev. Thomas M, Clark, D.D., LLD. of Rhode Island. 1891. pp. 31, 

Samoel Plater and the Cotton Manufacture in the United States, By William K, 

niiutimted Popular Biography of Connecticut. Compiled by J. A. Spaulding. 
Hartford, 1891. 8vo. pp. 374, 

Old Colony Historical Society^s Record, Collections, 1, 2, 3, 4, 1878-1889. Pam- 

Lyndeborcmgh, N. H. Historical Address by Rev, T* G. Clark. Concord, 1891, 




Proceedings of the MfMft. Hixtoriciil Society. Saoond Sarin. YoL YI, 1890*1891, 

Published by the Society. 1891, Octavo, pp. 638. 

Mitine»ota Historical Collectiont* Vol. VI, 1891. Part 2. pp. 319, 

Centetinial Anniversary of the Presbyterian Church. Bamet, Yu 1891, Pamphlet, 

Necrology of Princeton TheologicjaJ Seminary. Vol* L, 1 87^^1889, 1891. Pnaee- 

Proceedings of the B tinker Hill Monument Asaociation. Bunker Hill Monumeiit 
Association. 1891. Octavo, pp. 70. 

Class of 1875, Harrard College. Hanrard CoUege Secretary's Report, No. 6, 1875 
to 1891. Pp. 125. 

Society of California Pioneers. Annual Meeting. Third Annual Report of th« 
Secretary. Boston, Sept. 9, 1890. Pamphlet, pp. 14. 

The Site of Fort St. George. By W. Scott Hill, M.B^ President of the Kennebec 
Natuia] History and Antiquarian Society. 1891. 

Memoirs of Horatio Wood. By hia son Horatio Wood. Lowell. 1891. PamphleCa 
pp. 31. 

Annual Report of American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Mlssiona. Pub* 
liflhed by the Board. 1891. 

The War of the Rebellion Series. Vol. XXXTV., Part HI. Vol, XXXV,. Part* 
I.,n. Vol. XXXVI,, Part I. WaRhington. D. C. 1891, Government Printing Office. 

Early Days of Woodstock, N. B. Anniversary of the Ordination of Rev. Predk. 
Diblee, Pamphlet, pp. 28. 

Some of the Beginnings of Westchester County Historical Society, Printed by 
Westchester County Historical Society. 1890, 


AfiTBrR BELQitAncB QoRBT, PhJ)., died 
at Molfien, Mass., Aug» 17, 1891. He 
was the only child of Deloraine-Pendre 
and Isabella (Hoi den) Corey, m\A was 
bom at Maiden, April 13, 1866, He 
was fitted at the Maiden High School 
and entered HaiTard College, with 
honors, at the early age of fifteen yearSt 
He received a Detur, in the frealunan 
year, and second year highest honors in 
elae^sics. In the early part of his junior 
year, he was taken from Cambridge by 
a fever, in consequence of which he 
was obliged to relinquish hiR studies) 
for that year ^ and at the beginning of 
the next year he was a^ain prostrated 
by a severer illness, which nearly proved 
iktaL He returned to his studies, how- 
ever, in the spring, and during the next 
year received a Bowdoin prixe for a 
dissertation, Th6 Diony»mc Theatre, 
At his graduation in 1686, he was 
ranked as the second in the classical de- 
partment and sixth in the class. He 
received his degree, iumma cum iaude, 
with final honors in claasics and honor- 
able mention in Greek, Latin, French, 
and Engliiih composition. He re- 
mained at Cambridge another year and 
took the degree of A.M. lie was 
secretary of the Classical Clnh from its 
formation in 1885 until he left the 

University in 188T| and wm 
the Phi Beu Kappa in 1888, 

an active member of the Soci< 

Christian Brethren and the Harrard 
Total Abstinence League, taking a 
lively interest in the objects and work 
of those societies. 

In the summer of 1887 he went to 
Europe, and after a brief tour in Bel* 
gium and Germany, matriculated at 
the Royal Friedrich AVilhelm University 
in Berlin, where he studied nearly four 
years under the most celebrated clas- 
sicists and archsBologijits of that fiunouf 
University, During his vacatiofna he 
visited Italy, the Netherlands, France^ 
and England, always with a keen eye 
and underfrtanding for the abundant 
art of those coun tries. In the museumB 
and libraries of Germany, and in thoae 
of London and Paris, he studied un- 
wearied] y for a dissertation. Do Amaath 
mtm Antiquitiimii Ft^rit, which gave 
him the degree of Dod^tr of PhiimGflhf 
and received from the Berlin fiscultj 
the predicate, diligeniiat mi wr^^iitiomt 
specimen iaudabUe* He was the first 
native of Maiden to receif« a Ibreiga 
defrree for actual work, that of Bdwaid 
Wiggles worth (S.T.D.) received from 
Edinburgh in 1730 being honorary. 

He left Berlin in April of thia year ; 




«Dd ftfkcr an srehiPologieBl tour in Hoi* 
Iftnd And Belgium, he rep^red to Pam, 
when he spent the last few weeks of 
his Bmopem life in Rrisiting the gal- 
leries Bnamtieeiims of that roost £iTored 
^ty. Betttitiing to America he reached 
Ida naOTv city towards the last of May ; 
ttidt alter a few weeks with his fiiends, 
te feu a«lee|» with the composure of a 
phikMopher, cheered and fiustained by 
the dear and earnest fiuth of a Christian. 
A firiend and fellow-student, who knew 
kim intimately, both in Aincrica and 
Gvnnany, says of him : — 

**fiie was under all circiimstances 
kind «nd sympathedc, always caft^r to 
Idc^^ self in helping others ; of true 
dirutiaii ehamcter; s conscientious 
at and thorough scholar. On his 
I bed he had a. kind word of re- 
aoe and consolation for every 
His name will long live in 
t Qtrdea in which he moved, both 
I Ametiea and Qermany, and his liie, 
short, may well nerve as a 
Ifor those who knew him/'— Cam- 

Dr, Oorey was a descendant in the 
nitith genemtion of William Corey of 
Piortamoutli, R. I., who is traditionally 
9aid to have removed from Salem ; and 
in Uie eighth generation of Hichsrd 
Hojldm of Watertown and Grot on. In 
|!h« paternal line he was descended &om 
liMeph HilLi and John Wayte^ the 
Icsbding settlers of Maiden (KBoiSTsnt 
lEirii*, 188-106)^ and from thirteen of 
the Pilgrims or first-comers of Fly- 
aronith, rix.: William Miillbis and 
wifev John Alden and Priscilla MuUins, 
John Tilley and wife, and John How« 
Ind and Elixabeth Tilley, of the Ma^- 
f kmm' t 1620; Momrs Symonson (Sim- 
mons) and wife» and Philip de Launey 
f Delano) of the Fortune, 1621; and 
Bt^hen Tracy and wife, Tryphosa 

Le ^ of the Ann, 1623. Of his 

■BCcitoni were Hev. John Reyner of 
Plymouth and Dover ; Kzekiel Cheever, 
the iamous schoolmaster, and his son, 
Zkf « Thomas Cheever of Maiden and 
Chelsea; Eev. Ralph Partridge, the 
&r»t minister of Duzbury, and his son- 
te-kw. Rev. Thomas Thacher, the first 
pastor of the Old South Church, Bos- 
ton; Elder William Sargeont of Mal- 
4im and Barnstable ; Thomas Oakes of 
Csmb&dge; Blder John Chipman of 
Eanitftabie; Thomas BoylstoUf Ralph 
Spra^iu*, Edward Holyokc, Capt* John 
FloTd. Job Lane, George Felt, James 
XidioU, William Cowdrey, and many 
utkvf« weU known among the founders 
9i nymottth and Massachusetts Bay, • 

Mr. Chasles Bcifaucnt RtoiujtDsoN died 
at West Newton, Mass., July 5, 1891, 
aged 59. He was bom at Groton, 

llass*, March 31| 1832, and was a son 
of Alpheus and Sunau fLawrence) 
Richardson of Groton, His parents 
were both bom at Oroton, hia fatlier 
Nov, 3. 1797, and his mother Feb. 28, 
1794. They were married Nov. 7. 1820. 

Charles B. Richardson was a de- 
scendant in the eighth generation from 
Thomas' Richardson, an early settler 
of Wobum, Mass., through iHaac,* 
Benjamin,^ Benjamin,* Benjamin,* Al- 
phcuB»« and Alpheus^ his father. {See 
Kicluirdson Memorial, by John A. 
Vinton, page 688.) When a youth he 
came to Boston and became a clerk 
for Mr. Charles Tappan, bookseller and 
publiaher. In 1856 he entered into 
partnership with Mr. James Robinson, 
under the Arm of Robinson and Rich- 
ardson, and carried on the publishing 
business at No. 119 Washiitgton Street, 
They were the publishers of Th« Sittdtnt 
and Schoolmate. At the close of the 
year the partnership was dissolved and 
iir. Richardnon started a new periodi- 
cal, Ths Hittorical Ma^amim. Besides 
thia he published the BaoiSTna one 
year, 18£7< He also cngaf^ in the 
sale of hist^iricid books. Early in 1 868 
he removed hb publication office and 
bookstore to New York City. In 1862 
he reprinted the Bay Psalm Book (see 
RaotsTKiit vol. 46t p, 306), In June, 
1864, he sold out the HUtorkfd Magctzine 
to the then editor, John Gihnary Shea, 
LLJD. When the work was published in 
Boston the writer of this obituary was 
the editor (See Rboisteh for Januarr, 
1878, vol. %% page 116) . Mr. Richard- 
son continued the publishing and book- 
selling bus in ess. During the later 
years of his business life in New York 
city, he was a member of the University 
Publiahing Company. After 1886 he 
resided at Newton, Slaas. 

Mr. Richardson married 1st, at Bos- 
ton, MijH Mary Frances Carter, Nov, 7t 
1869. She died March 19, 1861. He 
married 2d, Miss Charlotte E. Hale, 
daughter of David Hale, prominent as 
one of the editors and proprietors of 
the Nmo York Journal of Commerce, 

Mrs. Mabt Ellket RoosRsTajkaa, widow 
of Judge Joshua Phippen Traak, of 
Gloucester, Maas„ died at the residence 
of her daughter, Mrs. Poor, in Man- 
chester, N.H., Nov. 6, 1891, aged 88 
year»» 6 montha, I (J days. She was the 
last Rurvivor of the ten children of 
** Master " William Rogers, of Glouces- 




(er, who was a mariner and toldicfr In 
the rerolution in early life, and after* 
wards, for many years, a achool teacher 
and officer of the Customs* He died 
in 1832, aged 74* Her grandfather. 
Rev. Jatin Rogers (graduated at Hai- 
Tard CoUege in 1739, being librarian of 
the University, and for thirty -eight 
years pastor of the Fourth Parish, 
Gloucester), was the 8th generation in 
descent from John* Rogers the younger 
of Chelmtiford, England (see RsoisTUt, 
YoL 43, page 158); through John^ of 
Chelmsford; Rev. John,* the famoua 
preacher o£ Dedham, Etigland; Rev. 
Nathaniel,* who came to New England 
and settled at Ipswich, Mass.; Eev» 
John,* president of Harvard College; 
Rev. John* of Ipswich ; and Rev. John* 
of Kitiery, Me., who was hia father. 
(Sec Reoibtex, vol. 6, page 320.) 

Of Mrs. Trask'a brothers and aisters, 
Isaac was a Congregational clergyman, 
"who died in 1872, aged 77 j George L, 
<>f Newburj'poTt, died same year, aged 
65 ; John C, shipmaster and Collector 
ofCu9tomfi for Gloucester, died in 18i9 ; 
Betsey R. married Zachariah Stevena, 
died at VValdohoro*, Me>, in 1875, in her 
eighty- sijcth year, and another siHter, 
Mrs. Catharine Allen, who died over a 
year ago, at the age of 86, 

Mrs. T. was a woman of marlied 
intelligence and fine sensibilities; of 
noble bearing and pleasant manners ; of 
a hoBpitablc, sympathetic, generoua 
nature. She was a member of the 
Congregational Church in Gloucester, 
where the larger part of her devoted* 
useful life woH paaaed. She retained 
her faculties in a remarkable degree, up 
to her last sickness of a few days 

Her husband passed away Sept. 17, 
1862, in his fifty- eighth year, and some 
years later Mrs. Trask removed from 
Glouceatcr to make her home with her 
daughter. She leaves sous, Rev. John 
Low Rogers Trask, D,D., of Spring* 
field, Maaa^ Isaac Rogers Trask, of St* 
LouU, Mo. ; and daughters, Mrs. Lizzie 
R. Poor, of Manchester, N» H«, and 
MrH. Mary A. Beckford. She had two 
other sons* Capt. William P. Tro^k and 
Capt. Charles A. Trask, both lost at sea, 
the latter in 1868. — Chiejiy eondemod 
from th» Gtouoetier Timaf. Nov. 6, 18&1. 

Miss iLusA^BTK WiTHUfOTON died at 
Mount Bowdoin, Dorchester, Mass., 
Dec. 17, 1891, at the age of one hun- 
dred years, three months. She was 
bom Aug. 31. 1791, at the Scarborough 
Place, now widiin the limits of Frank- 
lin Park, Boaton. Her father waa 

Joseph Weekfl Withington, the sou of 
Plulip and Katharine (Weeks) Witli* 
ington. He was descended from Henry 
Withington, one of the earliest settlen 
of Dorchester; also from Richard 
Mather, the first minister of the 
Her mother was Elizabeth White, 
having lost her father in early cl 
hood, was brought up by her grand' 
father, Deacon Abijah White, of 
hallowed memory. The first of tlw 
Dorchester Whites came among tho 
earliest colonists. A memento of him 
still exista in a rose-bush growing ia 
Dorchester, which is a lineal deacendAiit 
of one which he brought with him 

Some of the first experiences of Mim 
Withington's young womanhood were 
in connection with the settlement of 
Rev. Dr, Codman over the Second 
Church in Dorchester. In common 
with the other memben of her family, 
she sympathized warmly with Dr. 
Codmau in the troubles of that time; 
which laid the foundation of a Mend* 
ship with him and his wife that lasted 
through their Utcs, and deacended to 
their children. 

She was an only daughter. The late' 
Rev. Leonard Withington, D.D.» for 
many years pastor of the First Church 
in Newbury, Mass., was her oldett 
brother; and the late Mr. Abyah W, 
Withington, of Dorchester, her youngs 
est. Two other brothers died in asriy 
manhood, Joseph and Ebe 
Joseph was a skilful engraver. He 
and Leonard were in the employ of 
the late Joseph T, Buckingham of 
the Boston Courier, At that early 
date the bro there conceived the idea 
of an illustrated magazine, and planned 
its publication* L^nard was to haine, 
charge of the literary part and Joseph 
of the artistic. This enterpriae wa4 
frustrated by the death of Joseph. 
Ebenezer was twin to Abijah. He wa 
a lawyer in Fittsburgt FennsylTaoli 
Only one brother survives, at the age c 
ninety -three, Rev. William Withington 
of Washington, D. C. He entered f 
Epi(3copal Church many yeara 
and has continued in the minis ^y ( 

Miss Within gton's life wiu spent 
Dorchester, with the exception 
several years with her brother in N< 
bury* I'he Second Church held a 
place in her olfections elwaya, and 
her labors during the active period 
her life. Her funeral wma bum it» 
chapel, Saturday* Dec 19th, Rer* Dr« 
ArUiur Little omdating* m* t. k. 

The Salem Press Piililistiiii}^ and Printing Co. 


lENRV WHEATLAND. President. 


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XVin* Extracts fbom LKrihKs «f Wilmam Rotch. CommuniaHied by Ibe IaI« 

Frtdwnek C, Sa^iford, R».q .174 

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Lydla Pickering, 179; Lcchmerej Liiphftui; Oliver, 180. 

Qwn>**— Bibki Family RceordH^ 180; Kekiimofhang ; ElcttArd Joiie«} 
Gfcene; MnasucUu^t it* Society for Promoti"'^ \.m r, Igl. 

Ut^plUi.^'TUth f^inidnca& Mjip of IfilO und ' r>very, 181 j Did a 

Mjijoniv of the Dot Chester Chun h go to Will 1 the FlrMChuridi^ 

Dorchcjiic'r, la"?; John Wight, \U, 

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Lociil Hifsiory In Prep" " '•" '^^ ...**,.. . 178-190 


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BtAit ii. .-.,..,...,. ^,.. ,...,.,.-, ,....v...u..ij, ..-,. IW-ISH 

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XXn, Book Noticms - t97-20d 

XXIIL Reckkt PvBWCATtowe - 204 


S7 Eatered at the Post^Offlcc in Boston^ MaiuMM^baBettfi, «s Beoond^i 



APRIL, 1892. 


By the Et^iToa or the Eeoihter, 

HETfRY Jackson, a diatinguished officer in the Revolutionary 
War, wa§ born in Boston, in 1747, where he waa baptized on the 
85th of October in that year. Hie father was Col. Joseph Jack- 
son, a dietiller, and his mother was Susannah Gray, They were 
oiarried May 1, 1732, and lived happily together nearly sixty 
years. Mrs. Jackson survived her husband and died Dec. 4» 1792, 
^ed 84, Their gravestones are in King's Chapel Burial Ground. 
0>1. Joseph Jackson held many military offices. He was major of 
tJieBoston Regiment in 1758, and colonel from 1761 to 1763. He 
^w admitted a member of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery 
Company in 1738, was chosen ensign in 1746, lieutenant in 1749, 
**4id captain in 1752, In 1763, on the death of the treasurer, Col. 
John Phillips, Col. Jackson succeeded him as treasurer of the Artil- 
'^y Company, and held the office till the Revolution. He died 
^pril 10, 1790, aged 84, and was buried under arms by the 
^Artillery Company, though he was not then in commission. A 
"MiJ of music was on this occasion first used, though it was paid 
*<>rby the family of the deceased. 

Henry Jackson inherited the military tastes of his father. After 

^te evacuation of Boston by the British, in 1776, he raised a raiti- 

^^ry company in that town and was chosen its captain. When the 

:*^eclaration of Independence was read from the balcony of the State 

"*iouge, which was on the 18th of July, 1776, he was waited on by 

***^ High Sheriff with a request from the Hon. James Bowdoin, 

X*t«iident of the Council, that his company might be under arms at 

^**ft time the Declaration was read. Capt. Jackson accordingly 

^^^ited on his honor, and to his great mortification he was 

^ tell him that the company was not fit to turn out, and besides 

^ty had not then received their uniforms. He begged to be ex- 

^^ed, which request was granted* In the letter to his friend, Col, 



111 Oen. Henry JacJcBon* [April, 

Henry Knox^ then in New York, written the day of the occurrence, 
in which he narratea this incident » Capt. Jackson eays : '* I think 
it would have been a fine opportunity for our appearance if our 
company could have turned out at the Declaration of Independence. 
You know," he eontinoee, "'that the first impression is the most 
lasting. Although we did not form our company for Parade, yet 
Parade ia pleasing,** The whole company waa however invited to 
attend in the council chamber on the occasioo, and drink to " The 
States of America*"* 

In April, 1777, Capt. Jackson was ordered with his company to 
Khode Island, and wae on duty there some weeks. He had been 
corainii^sioned by Congress on the twelfth of January, 1777, colonel 
of an additional continental battalion, and on his return from Rhode 
lijtland he recruited, in Boston and vicinity, the sijcteenth Maasa- 
chusetts Regiment, called the Boston Regiment, which at once took 
a high rank for its soldierly appearance and excellent discipline^ 
demonstrating its valor on several hard-fought battle fields. Thie 
regiment, on the 1st of January, 1781, was consolidated with the 
ninth, and on the further reduction of the army on the 30th of 
October, 1782, was numbered the fourth. 

The Boston Regiment left Boston on the 7th of October, 1777, to 
join the main army near Philadelphia, and took part in the battles 
of Monmouth, June 28, 1778, Quaker Hill, R, I., August 29, 
1778, and Springfield, N. J., June 23, 1780, 

C'oK Jackson ie said to have commanded the last body of conti- 
nental troops in service at the close of the war, being in service till 
July, 1784, He was among those who were, by Act of Congress, 
made brigadier generals at the end of the war. Returning to Boston, 
he engaged in mercantile pursuits. He was major general of the 
first division of the Massachusetts militia from 1792 to 1796, and 
was the agent of the United Statea in superintending the building of 
the frigate Constitution at Boston in 1797. 

He was the life-long friend and correspondent of Gen. Henry 
Knox, and while Knox was United States Secretary of War he acted 
for him as agent in his business affairs, particularly those concerning 
his eastern lands. 

Gen* Jackson was the first treasurer of the Massachusetts Society 
of the Cincinnati, and held the oiEce from its formation in 1783 
till liis death. The importance of his services to the society in 
building up and husbanding its funds was recognized by it« vote 
October 23, 1806, authorizing the presentation to him of a silver 
cup. This testimonial, however, never reached him, as it did not 
arrive from England, where it was made, until afker his decease. 
In 1813, Dr. Stephen Thayer presented to this Society a portrait of 
the general, which now hangs on the walls of the New-England 
Historic Genealogical Society. This portrait has been engraved for 

• Knox MSS. rol. 2, folio 163, 


Gen, Henry Jackson. 

the Society of the Cincinnatij and it is to their courtesy that we are 
bdebted for the use of the plate for this article. 

Dr* James Thacher» author of " A Military Journal during the 
American Kevolutianary War,** was the surgeon of Jiickson's reiri- 
meDt. Under August, 1779, he thus refers, in that journal, to the 
commanding officer and the regiment : 

Colotiel Henry Jackaou, who cummandi our r<igimeiJt is a native of 
BoAton; he Ib very respectable as a commander, U gentlemanly in his 
aaEioers, strongly attached to military affairs, aud takes a peculiar pride 
iQ the diaciplitie and martial appearance of hiB regiment. Many of liia 
officers are from Boston and its vicinity, they appear in handsome style, 
ftod are ambitious to display their taste for military life, and their zeal 
to oontend with the enemies of their oouutry. Colotiel Jackson, with his 
regiment, acquired reputatiou hy thetr gallantry in the battle on Khode 
Ismnd, under General Sullivan. 

Our regiment cotiBists of about four hundred men, in complete uniform, 
well disciplined, and tiot inferior to any in the continental army- We 
commenced a forced march from Providence on the lOth* and completed 
le torty miles in twenty -four hours. A severe rain all night did not much 
pede our march, but the troops were broken down witli fatigue. We 
led Boston at sun rising and near the entrance of the Neck is a tavern, 
iving for its sign a representation of a globe with a man m the act of 
itniggling to get through it ; his head and shoulders were out, his arms 
extended, and the rest of his body enclosed in the globe. On a label from 
Ui mouth was written, **0h, how shall 1 get through this world?" This 
WM read by the soldiers, and one of them exclaimed, " List, d— n you, and 
joa'll aoou gee through this world; our regiment will be through in an hour 
or two if we don't halt by the way." 

We are treated by the gentlemen of this town with great attention and 
Ktpecu They have generously presented to Gol. Jackson and the officers 
of hia regiment a hogshead of Jamaica spirits and a cask of wine. For 
tlte Boldiers, they have collected a liberal sum of money, which is distributed 
imong them. A public dinner is to be provided at the Bunch of Grapes 
liTern for the officers, before our departure. The transports are in prepa- 
ion to receive our troops on board** 

Gen. Jackson died at Boston, Wednesday, Jan. 4, 180*J, at about 
tea o'clock, in the sijcty-eecond year of hia age. Ttie standing 
committee of the Massachusetta Society of the Cincinnati iseued the 
'tllowing notice to the members of the society : 

Boston, January 5, 1809. 
The Rtanding committee of the Cincinnati have the painful ta^k of 
iiinoiinclng to the society the death of their old friend and companion , 
Genera) Henry Jackson. His servicea aud his usefulness as a member of 
tile institution from ita earliest establishment, iib an active member of the 
commit tee^ as the Treasurer who has preserved aud managed the funds for 
aeifly twenty-six years, are recorded in the prosperity of the society and in 
tbe grateful hearts of his brother officers. 

Seoaible of his worth and affiicted by his death, the Committee recom- 
Oieiid an observance of the following Votes as the last token of respect from 
hm tanriTing brethren. 

• Tbacfaer^s Military Journal, Boston, 1823, pp. 204-^. 



Cotton McUher and the Royal Society* 


Voted^ That the Society walk in Procession at the Funeral of their late 
Treasurer, General Henry Jackson, on Saturday next; that the u^ual 
emblem of mourning be attached to the badge of the Society t and that black 
crape be worn on the left arm- 

Adams Bailey, Recording SecreUny,* 

His funeral took place from hie lodging-house in Common Street, 

at the bead of the Mall, on Saturday, the 7th, at three o'clock in 
the afternoon. He wne buried at Dorchester "in a tomb near the 
house of Mndani Swan, removed when Woodward Purk was laid 
out throuf^h the jihtre* An inscription upon it, stating that it w^as 
erected by the hand of frieQdehip, closed with some eulogistic verses 
to the memory of the 

* Christian, Soldier, Patriot and FnendJ "t 

He was of large and full habit, being nearly as corpulent as his 
bosom friend Gen. Knox. In 1783, while at West Point, he 
weighed two hundred and thirty-eight pounds. Gen. Nathaniel 
Greene, in a familiar letter to Gen. Knox, made this signiRcaot 
inquiry rehitive to him : ^^ Can he still eat down a plate of fish he 
can't see over, God bless hie fat sou! ? " J 

He was a bachelor, a man of wit, gallnntry and conviviality. 
He was generous and hospituble in his temper, gentlemanly in 
manner, and eminently social in his disposition. § 



Commanfcated to Tfte Nation, New York, Feb. IS, 1892, hy K. Daunell Djtvtit Efq., of 

Geojgctown, Demcnira. 

In most biographical notices of Cotton Mather, that eminent man 
is said to have been a Fellow of the Royal Society. In some of 
such notices » the statement is emphji&lzed by describing him as the 
first native-born American w1k> attained to that honor. According 
to his son, there were many in New England who were "'so foolish 
as to doubt, nay, to deny, his right to that title," Cotton Mather*s 
name did not and does not appear in any list of the Fellows of the 
Society. Becoming himself uneasy upon the point, he iuqnired of 
the Secretary to the Royal Society whether he really was a Fellow. 
In reply, he was informed that he had been elected a Fellow both 
by the Council and by the general body of Fellows, That his name 
did not appear in the published list was due, he was told> to the fact 
that, being in Americut be was unable to subscribe personally to the 

• Colnmhian C«ntlncl, Jnn. 7, 1809. 

f Dr>*ke*s " Th(* Town of Roxhury," Boston, 1878. p. 138. 1 Ibid. 

^ A sketch of his^ lift\ by tho Inte Mr. FranHs S, Druke, appenrcd in bis ** MomoriRlsoT 
tbe Society of the Clncinruitl of Mns^achusetLs/' Bof^toD, 1873, pp. 330-1 » of whicb use litf 
been made In preparing ibi» article. 


Cotton Mather and the Royal Society, 



orders of the Society, from which foreign ere were dispensed, but not 
BritiBh siibjecta. Years went by, and etill Cotton Mather felt un- 
certain of his position . On May 21, 1723, he wrote the subjoined 
letter to Dr, Jurin, then Secretary of the Royal Society ; 

*' Stb : Ton are better kDown to me than I am to you ; aud I congratu- 
late aoto myself, as well as unto the world, the felicity of jour successiou 
in the office of Secretary to the Royal Society, But in order to a miUual 
better knowledge, I owe you, & must »jow give you, some very short 
account of myself ; more particularly, with relation to that Illustrious Ro<iy, 
whereof I hoped, I had the Honour of beiug esteemed a Member, Having 
the pleaiure of some correspondence with your eitcelleut predecessor Mr. 
Waller* I did communicate uuto him (and unto my valuable Dr. Wood- 
ward) a great number of Americ4in, and philosophicaK curiosities; with an 
intimation of my purpose to contiuue the commuiiicatiotis. Those gentle- 
men put the, as uneJtpected as undeserved, respect upon me, of proposing 
me for a Member of the Royal Society ; and they both wrote unto me, that 
I WftA chosen accordingly both by the Council and Body of the SocietVt on 
the Anniversary Day for such election in the year 1713, — Adding that the 
only Reason of my not having my name in the printed list of the Society^ 
was because of my being beyond-Sea and yet a Natural Born Subject, & 
10 Dot capable of being inserted among the gentlemen of other Nations. 

**Your Secretary also. Dr. Hal ley in the philosophical Transactimi$ of 
1714 printed my name, with an F. R* S. annexed unto it. Mr. Petiverdid 
the like, in his Naturae Collectanea; and in his letters to me, he had these 
worda, * Your election succeeded without opposition, and you were elected 
ifter the usual method of Balloting. The reason of your being out of th© 

>frinud Itsl^ is your not being personally here, to subscribe to the orders that 
iboald be tendered you * ; to which he added congratulations & complements 
Dot proper to be by my pen transcribed. 

^*A Distinguished, & a diminutive crue of odd people here, when ihey 
toM find no other darts to throw at me^, imagined their not finding my 
name on the printed list of the Royal Society, would enable them to detect 
iQe of an imposture for afHjiLing an F. R. 8. unto my name^ on some just 
occasions for it. And an infamous fellow, whose name is John Checkley, 
iwrry Taryman (that yet had the impudence to write as a Divine) wrote 
i letter full of scandalous invectives against me, which was publickly read 
in the Royal Society, This wretched man,, ambitious to do the part of a 
Oivitie, printed here some Rapsodies» to prove, thai the God whom K, 
W^illiam, and the christians of New England have worshipped, is the 
D— 1 — , A young and a bright kinsman of mine^* bestowed such casti- 
gstions CD the Blasphemer that I became thereupon the object of his im* 
placable revenge. But of this matter, I gave Dr. Woodward a more full 
locoant, a year and a half ago : Which because I know not whether ever he 
FMived it, I now repeat a little of; Relying to your justice^ if any further 
iodigtiity of this Nature should be offered me. But^ that I may not lay 
iiide any of the meek, patient, humble disposition with which I should 
iddresB you on this occasion, I shall keep such Terms, as I used unto my 
Doctor when he had what he required of me upon it. 

** I should never have presumed upon affixing an F, R, S. unto my poor 
ODWortby name, had I not thought^ that my Honourable masters, would 

• This w$3 Thomai Walter. 
worth qooUuf .— >Ed. 
▼01*. XLVl. 

The two pamphlets contaiu no spedfic charges or repUei 

116 Cotton Mather and the Royal Socieiy, [April, 

have taxetl me as guilty of some ingratitade unto tbem for their oiimerlted 
favours, if I bad always declined it. 

**^ The many treatises (many more than three hundred) which Heaven 
has allowed i& assisted me to publish (in the midst of many other constant 
& heavy labours) on various arguments, and in various Dead as well aa 
Living Languages, added unto some other circumstances needless to be 
mentioned, had procured roe from Rome Kuropaean Universities, without my 
seeking in the least measure for themt the Testimonies of the highest respect 
that tliey could show to the meanest of men, and among the rest a Diploma 
for the Doctorate in Theology* Upon this I ivas under some temptation 
unto the vanity of Thinking that it was possible the Rotfid S*>ciety^ also 
might esteem it no disgrace, to [:»ermit my name among their members* 
Especially, when my remittances to tlieir Treasury^ might for number 
(however not for value) be lequal to what they might receive of some other 
members whose correspondence they cast a kind Aspect upon. For the 
embellishments wherewith I studied u^iually (after the manner of the Ger- 
man Kjihemerides), io make my dry & dull stones a little more palatable 
to men of erudition, some of your own members, as well as Mousr TouTQe- 
fort helped me to some apology. 

** But if after all. it be the pleasure of those Honourable persons, who 
compose or govern ihe Royal Society, that I should lay asside my preten- 
aions to be at all related unto that ilhiatrious Body, upon the least signifi- 
cation of it by your pen, it shall be dutifully complied withah I will only 
continue to take the leave of still commuutcAting AnauaHy to you (as long 
as I live) what Ouriosa Americana I can become the possessor of. For 
(toy Jewish Ral)bi8 having taught me, to love the worK\ and have /rWA? regard 
unto the Rabhinati^) it is not the Titie^ but the service that is the Heighth, 
& indeed the whole^ of my ambition. 

*^ As a Token of my purposes this way, and as an earnest of a much 
greater variety, which I propose to send you by another hand, about a Fort- 
night hence, I now present you with a tedious account of setitimeots & 
OOcurrents relating to a subject, about which I perceive you are sollicitous to 
have the exact est in format ions. At this time, I add no more, but with 
hearty prayers, to Heaven, that you may be continued long as a great 
Blessing to the world I subscribe 


'* Tour most affectionate 
** Friend an<i Servant 

" CoTTOK Mather 

"Boston N. England 
'*May 21 1723. 

" Dr. Juria.*' 

The finawer to the above letter should be interesting. There is, 
however, no record of it in the archives of the Royal Society, 
Under the circiinietanceff, it will be well to inquire how far the pro- 
ceedings of the Society established the fact of Cotton Mather^s con- 
nection with it. 

For the election of Fellows, the ordinary procedure observed by 
the Royal Society is this : The names are first submitted to the 
Council of the Society. After candidates have by the Council been 
chosen for submission at a general meeting of Fellows, tlieir namee 

Ancestry of the Higginson Famihj, 


are broaght before 8uch meeting. Here the election is made, and 
two-thinle of the votes are necessary to secure it. 

In the Jaurnal of the Society there is the following entry, under 
date of July 23, 1713: 

*• A letter drawn up by Mr. Waller for Mr. Cotton Mather at Boston in 
New Kngland was read; giving an account of the receipt of \xh letter and 
his manuscript, contaiiitag his several observations ou NatiimL suhjecta^ with 
iQ iarttation to a future correspondence; which was ordered to he senL 

•* Mr. Waller proposed the same geatleman as a candidate, according to 
his desire mentioned in his said letter; which was referred to the next 

The Mifiutea of the Council of July 27, 1713, record that **Mr. 
Cotton Mather was proposed, balloted for, and approved to be a 
Member of the Society," A diligent senrch among the records of 
the Society has, however, failed to find that Cotton Mather's name 
WM ever submitted to the general body of Fellows, Would it be 
tn undue surmise to suspect that Cotton Mather^'s mistaken zeal in 
the witchcraft heresy stood in the way of his obtaining a two- thirds 
TOte, and that, the Council finding this the case, did not risk a 
rejection ? 

If Cotton Mather may not be reckoned a duly elected Fellow of 
the Royal Society, who then, of Americans born, is to be reckoned 
the earliest Fellow of that distinguished body? On the 11th of 
Uarch, 1714, the Rev. Mr. William Brattle, minister of the Church 
tt Cambridge, New England, was elected a Fellow by the general 
body of members. On November the 21st, "Sir Hans Sloane pro- 
poied Mr. Elihu Yale, Executor to Dr, Thomas Paget, as a can- 
didate, %vhich was referred to the next Council.'* Yale was elected 
on the 30th of November, 1717, and Paul Dudley on the 2d of 
Kovember, 1721 , In a List of Fellows of the Royal Society, to 
be found among the Rawlineon MSS. in the Bodleian ({7. 437), 
the names of Brattle (1713-14), Yale (1717), and Dudley (1721) 
ve given^ but not the name of Cotton Mather, 


Commanicated by CoL Thomas W. Hiooinsox, A.M., of Camtiridgi?, Mass. 

I HAVE lately been informed by the Rev. E. Harlin Bates, Assistant 
Curate of the Claybrooke Parish, Leicester, England, of the recent 
discoTery at Stanford Hall in that county of part of the long-missing 
mordi of Claybrooke parish. This aflPorda for the first time the 
1 of determining, with some approach to accuracy, the year of 

the birth of the Rev. Francis Higginson ; a date which rested on 

118 Ancestry of the H%ggin9on Family. [April, 

surmise when my life of him appeared. He was baptized, at any 
rate» on Aug. 6, 1586. The parish books give also a list of his 
brothers and sisters, agreeing substantially with the list preserved in 
fiunily records and given in my memoir aforesaid. The record also 
supplies for the first time the date of burial of Francis Higginson's 
father, the Rev. John Higginson, who was buried, it seems, on Feb. 
19, 1624 ; this being the year suggested in my memoirs (p. 4) as 

Sossible or probable. The name so curiously given as Dawritie and 
)uwritie is unquestionably Dorothy. 

Extracts from Church Registers of Parish of Claybrooke, co. Leic., Eng- 
land, now in possession of Lord Braye of Stanford Hall, in the same county. 
Ml date* New Style. 

25 Apr. 1575 John s. of John db Elizabeth Higginson. 
24 Apr. 1576 Duwritie d. " " 

22 Sept. 1578 Presella d. " « 

14 Dec. 1580 Johns. " « 
27 Oct. 1585 John s. " " 

6 Aug. 1586 ffrauncis s. " " 

15 May 1589 William s. 

18 May 1591 Catren d. « " 

4 Feb. 1593 Martyn & Mare " " 

24 March 1594 Nicholes s. '' '< 

25 Dec. 1601 George s. " « 

19 Mar. 1608 Nicholes s. " " 
13 May 1610 Graced. ** « 

8 Dec 1611 Elizabeth d. " " 

23 May 1613 Judith d. « " 

27 Nov. 1597 Nicholes s. of Edmond db Presella Higginson. 


25 Dec. 1598 William Gilbard & Dawritie Higginson. 

5 Jan. 1607 Edwarde Androse <& Elyzabeth '« 
22 Apr. 1619 Thomas Coleman <& Katherine " 

witness Nathaniell '^ 

28 Oct. 1629 William Higginson & ffraunces Palmer. 


26 Apr. 1577 Blaunche Higginson. 

18 Sept. 1577 Thomas '* 
11 Apr. 1581 Nicoles " 
26 May 1585 John " 
21 Apr. 1603 George " 
30 Jan. 1612 Elizabeth '< 
13 July 1613 Elizabeth <' 
17 Oct. 1613 Judith " 

19 Feb. 1624 John Higginson, Vicar of Claybrooke. 

N. B. In this book the following years (beginning 29 Sept.) 
are missing: 1567-8, '68-9, 70-1, 73-4, 78-9, '81-2. '83-4, 

^^^ List 

of early Maine Settler 8. 119 ^H 




Sodetjr, toU 50, folio 166. ^H 

^ St. 

Georges upper Tamu* ^H 


Arcbibald GambeU ^M 


Daniel Farjel ^H 


Abraham All ^M 


ThomsM KiJlpatrick ^M 


John Killpatrick ^H 


Henry Alexander ^H 


John Alexander ^^| 


John North ^H 

Allen (Deceaiid) Abraham Creighton ^B 


William Walker ^H 


William James ^^| 

Peoples Deceased 

Alexander Lermond ^^M 

licCrea (h 

William Lermond ^^M 

Barnet do 

Hugh Scott ^ ^H 

iai Lott 

John McCrachen ^H 

kiastera d** 

Christopher Hindbary ^H 

hoQse d*" 

BoLce Cooper ^H 


Deacon Young ^H 


John McLean ^H 


Aliexander McLean ^H 


Hugh McLean ^^| 


Alexander Cambel! ^H 


John GriMa {Deceaied} ^H 


Zoicwr TWit. 1 


Charles Proctor 


John Palmer ^^ 


Yardley Lewis ^H 


Daniel Lewia ^^ 


Charles Lewis (Deceased) l| 


Hugh Carr 


John Ann is 


John Brown 


Walter Meloney 


Miehiil Rawley 


Thomas Carney 


Owen Madden 


Vacant Lott ^^ 

iai Lott 

Archibald Fuilerton ^H 


John Brown ^H 

t)ma8 Saunders 

2 Vacant Lotts ^H 

Latnb Seu' 

Joseph Rivers ^H 


Mosefl Robinson Jun' ^H 

Lamb Jud' 

Benjamin Pumery ^H 

U Burton 

Dennis Fogurty ^H 

• Kow Warren, Maine.— Eb. ^^M 



List of early Maine 8eUler$. 


William Henderson 
Vacant Lott 
Richard Fomis 
Beverend Bob^ Batherford 
Samuel Hatliom 
Bichard Batherford 
Bobert Batherford Jan' 
William Hathom 
Alexander Hathom 
Jabes Hatch 

William Davis Sen' 
Zacheriah Davis 
William Davis Jan' 
John Davis 

Greorge Bigmore 
William King 
John Bigmore 
Samael Jamison 
Abiah Wadsworth 
Ezekial Bradford 
Sedate Wadsworth 
Joshua Cashing Jan' 
Noah Hill 

Paul Jamison 
George Toang 
William Toung 
Alexander Fosset 
Thomas Felix 
Dunbar Henderson 
Saunder Jamison 
Thomas Henderson 
Thomas Obins 


Joshua Gushing Sen' 
Josiah Aldrige 
Baker Hutchins 
James Cook 
Joshua Bradford 
Edward Thomas 
Esau Thomas 
Alexander Jamison 
Jason Wight 

Wight Sen' 

Elisha Crasman 
Esau Thomas 

There are ten Vacant Letts Laid out by the Surveyor in Medonuxx 


Bobert M^'Clerge 
John Demorse 
John Greorge Smith 
Patrick Kenna 
Henry GretsiDger 
Jacob Wallis 
John Bef use 
John Leah 
John Lowrey 
Capt John Ulmer 
Paul Docterman 
Louran Sides 
Philip Fogilar 

Martin Smith 
Michal Walse 
Mulican Snyder 
David Bominger 
Philip Bominger 
Jacob Ulmer 
Matthias Bemilee 
Cap^ Thomas Perkins 
Capt John Fairfield 
Morris Achorn 
William Hilton Sen' 
William Hilton Jun' 
Jacob Achorn 

Suppos this List was made previously to the Year 1760. 
Supposed to have been written by Cap' John North, who died in 
Tear 1763. 

List of the Settlers at St Gorges, Medomcook and Broadby. 8upp< 
to have been written by Cap* John North, who died in the Year 1768. 
Copy from the Original In the possession of Mr Sam^ Winslow. 

* Now Friendship, Maine.— Ed. 
t Now Waldoborongb, Me.— En. 


Original Boston 3QCument3. 



[Connnonfcated bj John S. H. Fogg, M,D,, of Sonth Bofiton, Masi.] 

Tbx9 may oertifj that Samtiel KeuDe Trunk maker is oBsessed Tueotj 
four Pouods pr. An for the wharfe he Reiita of the Town. Which for 
FroTince aod Town this Last year 1713. am** to Three FouDds twelve 

Giveo uoder our hands March uJt^ A*^ 1714 
To Joseph FroQtGent: Dan* Powniog I AsBessors for y* 

Treasurer for the Edu** : Martyu J- Town of Boston 

Town of Boston. Jonas Clarke ) A° 1713 

The Town of Boston Dr. for the Service of the Assessors in making the 
Rates A^ 171S. 

To Tim*". Thornton 51 days . . , . 
To Dan" Powning 94 days and the Clark ) 

3/ . assisting in taking List of 2 Com p*. ) 
To Edw*. Martyn 92 days and p** y' Clark for > 

assisting in taking List o£ 2 Comp*. 6 / . ) 
To Jonas Clark, 97 days 4k y* Clark 12 / . 
To capt Elisha Bennett 52 days 
To Ant*". Stoddard 87 days y* Clark 3 / . 
To Henry Bridgham 77 days y • Clark 6 / . 

£-5 " 2 " 

9 " 11 

Boston April]. 14. 1714 

£ 54. 10 


Tim° Thornton 
Dan^ Powning 
Edward Martyn 
Jonas Clark 
Anthony Stoddard 
Henry Bridgham 

ABseaaors for 

the Town of 


A^ 1713. 

Boston Aprni 21"* 1714. 

Mark Day Desires to open y* Highway in Back Street for the Laying of 
*Dreane for the benefit of his cellar (for the Doeiog of which) if he takes 
^ Steps the Law Dericts he has the approbation and Consent of us 

Joseph Wads worth ' 
John Ruck 
W". Welsteed 
Grove Hirst 


May the 8«> 1714 

Wee the Subscribers Selectmen of Boj^ton, do hereby Signifie onr coa- 
**^t That m' Joseph Hillier have liberty of digging open the H*way in 

1S2 Otiginai Bo$Um DoeummU. [April, 

Cornhil for the Laying his Cellar drane into the Comon Shore there : he 
atending y* Directions in y* Law & Coyring it with speed. 

Jn®. Marion 
To the Town Clerk Edward Winslow 

of Boston. W" Welsteed 

Grove Hirst 


Boston Angh 6 : 1714. 
Voted by the Assessors that the Town Clerk be direct^ to post np 
Notifications in the Town that the Inhabitants of S^. Town bring in a List 
of their polls & Estates on the Sixteenth day of Augost next & the 
Inhabitants of Runneymarsh on the Eighteenth Day of said Month & the 
Assessors will attend at the Town house at three of the Clo(^ in the 
Afternoon on S\ day to receive the same. 

Elisha Bennett 

Sam" Greenwood 

Giles ffifield 

Nath^ Green 

David Farnum 

Jonathan Loring 


e Assessors for the year 

The Town of Boston D*. for the Service of th 

Anno. 1713. 

Timothy Thornton 

7 days « _ « 14 ** 

Dan^ Powning 

20 days " 2 " — ** 

Edw* Martyn 

13 days « 1 « 6 « 

Jonas Clark 

20 days " 2 « — « 

Elisha Bennett 

8 days " — " 16 " 

Ant? Stoddard 

19 days " 1 « 18 " 

Henry Bridgham 

16 days - 

£ 10 " 6 •• 

Given under our hand the . 8 . Septe^ 1714. 

Tim*» Thornton 

Dan". Powning 

Edw* Martyn 

Assessors for the Town 

Jonas Clark 


Elisha Bennett 

of Boston. 

Anthony Stoddard 
Henry Bridgham 

Wee the Subscribers Select men for the Town of Boston do hereby sig- 
nify our free consent that m' Benj". Gallop have Liberty granted him to 
digg open y* Highway a cross Fish street for y* new Laying his Cellar 
dram there, provided that he do y* Same in parts so as to leave a sufficient 
passage, and that he Lay the Same with Brick or Stone as the Law directs, 
and also that he forth with repair and make good that part of y* S* way 
when he shall so digg. 

Jn*. Marion 
Boston Apr^l 80«». 1719. Elisha Cooke 

Tho". Cushing. 
Ebenezer Clongh 
[To be oontintted.l 

Connecticut Election Sermons. 


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Major- General Daniel Denison* 



CommuiilcAted Wy Daniel Denihon Sladb, M-D., of Chej>tnm Hill, Mass, 
The following document, written by Major-Geneml Daniel Deni- 
8on to his grandchildren^ and lately found jimong the effects of the 
BeT. Daniel Rogera of Exeter, is of historical importance, in as much as 
it substantiates facta heretofore problematical, while it eupidies know- 
ledge upon points which were very uncertain or entirely wanting. 

Heretofore we have been unable to state from what purtiun of 
England the family came, nor were we sure of the exact date of 
emigration. Denison states that his brother John and himself were 
bred echohirs at Cambridge and that hie father suddenly '* unsettled '* 
himself, recalled them from Cambridge and removed to New England ; 
that his father brought with him a very good estate, settling liim- 
self at R«>xbury* The General gives us the date of his marriage to 
Patience Dudley^-of which no previous record has been known to 
be in existence ; and furnishes us many particulars in regard to kith 
ind kin. There can be no doubt of the authenticity of the document, 
and its diacovery is a happy circumstance. 

To my D^ar Grandchildren 

John, Daniel^ and Martha Deni$on 

That you being left fatherless Children might not be altogether Ignorant 
of Tour anceBtorSf nor strangers to your near relations, I tljought meet to 
tcqaaint you with your predecessors, and your decent from them. 

Your Great Grandf;itlier Denison was born in Englaad ^t Bishops Strat- 
fbrrl \n Hertford jshitjr, in which Town he Married and lived till the Yfar of 
(mr Lord 1631, with two brothers Edward and George^ who all of them 
hftd Children. George the youngest Brother had a son named also George, 
wy cousen German^ who was living in Stratford in the year 1672 as yimr 
BDde Harhickenden Symond;^ told me, who was that year in England, and 
•poke with hiait My ancle Edward had also Chihlren and in the year 163), 
retDoved himself and family into Irelatid, where he died ami left a son 
called iJohti Deuison who was a souldier and a Major of a Regimeut in the 
time of the Wars, and Deputy Governor of Corke, where Mr, Wainw right 
uw him.* I have received divers Letters from him» he was living in Dubline 
b the year 1670, your great Grandfather my Dear father whose name was 
William, had by my dear Mother whose name was Chandler six sons, aad 
wae ihiughter, two of which (viz) one son and the Daughter died in their 
Childhood, one son who was the second named William about 18 years of 
1^ would needs goe a Souldier into Ilollaud, in the year 1621 at the 
CuDOQS Seige of Breda when it was taken by Spinota and Couut Mansdeld 
luid an army out of England, to have rained the seige ^ hui the army mi^ 
earryed and my Brother William was never heard of since. 

• p^,,^!.!,. r:.v..f<fe DcTiWRt who seuled at Anni^qnam (Gloticestcr), Essex Coinuy, Miiis. 
Ijj J725 !"» littve come from Duijlin, IreUnd, rany huTc been a desocnditnt* (See 

liaawu. '^ Deni&OH Record, page 346 J- — Ei>iTua. 

VOL. :ll\u *ll 

128 Major- Chneral Daniel Den%9on. [April, 

We were now but four Brothers left (viz.) John, Daniel, Edward and 
George. John and myself were bred schollars at Cambridge, where I con- 
tinued till after I had taken my first Degree,* your Grandfather my father 
though very well seated in Stratford, hearing of the then famous transplan- 
tation to New England, unsetled himself and recalling me from Cambridge 
removed himself and family in the year 1631 to New England, and brought 
over with him myself being about 19 years of age, and my two younger 
Brothers, Edward, and George, leaving my eldest Brother John behind 
him in England, Marryed with a good portion, who was a minister, and 
lived about Pelham or in Hartford shier, not far from Stratford where we 
were born. 

My father brought with him into New England a very good Estate and 
settled himself at Roksbury, and there Lived (though somewhat weakning 
his Estate) till the year 1 653 in January when he died, having buried my 
Mother about Eight years before. 

My two brothers Edward and George (who were your great uncles) had 
all the Estate my father left between them, being both marryed long before 
my father's death ; my Brother George buried his first Wife in the year 
1643, went into P^^ngland was a Souldier ther above a year, was at the 
Battle of York or Marston Moor, where he did good service, was afterward 
taken Prisoner, but got free and having Married a second Wife he returned 
to New England, the year before our Mother died, and not long after re- 
moved himself to New London near whereunto (viz) at Stonington he now 
liveth, having 3 sons John, William, and George, 4 or 5 Daughters his 
eldest son John is married, and hath Children which are your Coasens, and 
3 of his Daughters are Marryed to Stanton, Palmer, and Cheesebrook, all 
living at present in the same Town. 

My brother Edward (your great uncle) also was Married about the same 
time with your uncle George about the beginning of the year 1641 and 
lived the rest of his Days at Rocksbury in the same House my father built 
lived and died in, he to my great grief and loss departed this life in April 
in the year 1669, and left behind him but one son William of about 5 
years old having buried four sons in their Infancy, he left also five Daughters 
of which one was married in his lifetime to Jachin Reiner who liveth at 

I was the eldest of the 3 Brothers that were brought to New England, 
and the next year after our arival (viz.) in the year 1632, on the 18'*^ day 
of October on which day twenty years before 1 was Baptized at Stratford, 
and 7 years before 1 was admitted into the university of Cambridge, I 
Married your Grandmother, who was the second daughter of M' Tho* 
Dudley, who was a principal undertaker of this Plantation of the Massa- 
chusets and one of those first commers in the year 1 630 that brought over 
the Patent, and setled the Government here he came over Deputy Gover- 
nor, and was afterwards diverse times Governour, he then lived at Cam- 
bridge, removed lo Ipswich, where he stayed but one year, being recaled 
again to live in the Bay, which then could not but want his help, he setled 
himself at Rocksbury, where he lived until he departed this life about the 
80*** Day of July, in the year 1653 having buried your great Grandmother 
about 10 years before, about the latter end of December 1643. She was a 

• This is the first intimation I have found that Maj. Gen. Denison was a graduate of 
CamlM-idge University. Ciin any of our readers give further information of bis eider 
brother, Rev. John Denison, who is here stated to have been also educated at Cambridge, 
and to have t)een a clergyman near Bishop's Stortford in Uertfbrdshire N-Bdxtob. 


Major-General Daniel Denison, 



fine vertuoaa woman who loved your father in his childhood, and was bom 
in her house, she had by her Husband one son- — your great uncle Sam^^ Dud- 
ley* who iiveth at F)xeter, and by 3 wives hath had many f 'hildreu Couseu 
germans to your father. And beside your Grandmother Denison she had 
three Daughters (viz.) your Aunt Bnidstreetf who died in September ll»72 
who left 4 sons and 3 Daugfiters liveii*^, beside her daughter O*tton who 
died before her, and lefl many children theti your Aunt WoodbnVlgl now 
living at Newberry who hath five sons and five daughters living your 
Gousen Germans as also were your aunt Hradstreets Cfiildren, the 
yourauQt Sarah marryed to m' KeanrS both dead long sincct and 
left one only daughter Hannah, Married to M' Paige, and is now living at 
Boston your great Grandmother being dead your sweet Graudfuther Dudley 
omrried a second Wiff*,|( and by her had a daughter raarryed to MMonaihaa 
Wftde, who liveth at Mistick, and two sons Jo!*ef*h Dudh-iy who now liveth 
It Roekbbury, in his fathers House, and Paul Dudley a iMerchant who is 
ttpon a voyage to Irebnd, the»e were your fathers uncles by their fathers 

For myself after I was married to your Grandmother I lived about two 
years at Cambridge, and in the year 1635 I removed to Ipswich, where I 
hftve lired ever since with your Grandmother, we lived together without 
Chilflren above 7 years till the sixteenth of January being Thiraday your 
dear father was bora at Rocksbury, whether your Grandmother went to 
lye ill at her mothers, and two years ai»d a quarter after your aunt Rogers 
WIS born at Ipswich, on the W^ day of April 1612 about nine years after 
your Grand toother had another Daughter named Mary, who die^l about a 
quarter ohi, and three years after we had another our last named Deborah 
who died within a fortnight 

In the year 1645 I was made Major of the Regiment of Essex, and io 
ikd jear 1653 was Chosen an Assistant or Magistrate and about a year 
after was made Major General and continued so fur about 7 or eight years 

lo the year 1660 my onely Daughter and your Aunt Elizabeth was Mar- 

• Th« Hon, James Suvflge, In 1843 (see Collection* of the Mansnchosetts Historical 
Soelfiy, voL 28, pt^re 248)t cuitjec tared tiiiit ThomAii Dndleyf a grnduate of Canilmd^e 
(A«B* 1626, A»M* 1630), might liuvo boi^n a Kin of Gov. Tliornns Dudley. It w<jui4 seem 
DOin Om. Denison** statement?^ thut Gov, Dudley h;ul no wife b i? fore Dorothy, ^md thdt 
ibe had only one ion, SamiieL If this be 30,^ Thomas, the prrtdoiitc, con Id not hrtve hot?n 
a mn of Gov. Dudley. More tban thirty yeors ago, Mr. Dudley and raystlf knd 
^_^. i .. .k. - =Ti ion that ThomiiL« wuh prohtihly not tbt' Govemor'ei stui. Our reasoni 
t n son Thomns nor child; ren of Thomas arc mentioncdl in Gov. Dudley's 

f J -, Bri*d*treet ewys., in biT epitaph on her mother, thnt she ** Of i\\\ her 

i, cluldreii lived to see."^(See Work^ of Mrs, Anne Brddsstreet, Ellii's cdliloa, 

i : .ii.^cr»ont« of Gov. Tbomai Dudley and bis descendants, see Rboistbh, voL 10^ pp. 

t Ft>rni.-coQDt« of Gov. Simon «nd Mrs. Anne (Dudley) Bradstreet and their dej»cen- 
dant^. &c« HeoisTER, voh 8, pp. 312-25; vol. 9« pp. 113-21. For a biogmpliicAl aketcti of 
Gov, BnwI-treet, see vol, 1, pp» 15-1. — EDtroa. 

" '^ of Rev. John and Mrs. Mercy (Dudley) Woodhrldire and their desetii- 

d BR, vol.32, pp. 292-fi ; hIsu the ** Woodtmdpe Herord," compiled from 

tt V the hit^j I/»ui9 Mitchell, Esq., by his brother Donald G. Mitcht'll, LL.D*, 

KtW li*4vt'u, IH83, 4to, pp. 272.— Editor. 

{ Samb Dudley married Major Bcnjrtmin Keayne, ton of Capi. Robert Keayne and 
Dfcpbew uf the Rev. John Wil*Jon of Boston. An abstract of the will of Robert Keay tie 
if printed tn the RsotaTKR, voL 37. page 2S4. For notices of the Ketivnc family, see 
&eoiar«&. vol. 6. pp. 8&-92j 152-8; vol. 35, pp. 277 \ vuL 37. pp. 234-5.— Ei>itou. 

I Th« m«fdea name of the ftecor.d wife of Gov. Tliomas Dudley naji Kntlterine Dightoa. 
For Ao Accoaat of her ancesiry and rektires, soe RBOiarsit^ vol. id^ pp. 3()2^. — EoiTuit. 

130 Major-Chneral Daniel Denisan. [April, 

ryed to M' John Rogers* who hath ever sioce lived at Ipswich, and hath 
DOW living five children, your Couseu Germans (viz.): Elizabeth, Margret, 
John, Daniel and Nathaniel, She had another Daughter named also Elisa^ 
beth that died about a year and quarter old. 

Your Dear father my Dear and only son was Married to your Mother 
who was named M" Martha Simonds on the 2*^ or 3*^ of February 1663, and 
lived at the farm at Ipswich the remainder of his days, being above four 
and twenty years of age when he Marryed, and living sweetly and comfort- 
ably with your Mother near seven years, by whom he had 3 Children John 
the eldest, born the 22^ of September 1 665, Martha born the first of March 
1668, and Daniel born the 14^'' day of April 1671, But about 3 Months 
before poor Daniel was born (viz) on the ninth of January 1670 it pleased 
the alwise God to take your dear father my dear and loving son to himself, 
thereby bereaving you and me of our greatest comfort and support he was 
taken with a most violent fiuz the first of January which held him nine 
days, with grievous torment, which he endured with admirable patience, 
committing himself to God, with assured confidence and took his last leave 
of me who was with him all the time of his sickness and of his loving Wife, 
and of his 2 Children John, and Martha, without any Preturbation, Bless- 
ing his Children and commending them to God the father Son and Holy 
Ghost, and Committing that which was unborn to my care, at his death he 
was not one and thirty, but wanted six days and about 15 hours, so early 
had he finished his Course and done his work, and if his work had then to 
have been done (as he then said) he had been Miserable but he had lived 
a Godly and examplary life, being a constant seeker of God. I have heard 
your Mother since say he used to pray five times a Day, a Dutiful Child a 
loving husband and father, a loving friend a good man in all his ways, and 
he departed most Christian like, and comfortably to the unspeakable grief 
and loss of me and all his friends, about 3 months after his death was Daniel 
born at the farm whose name his father ordered before his death, desiring 
his wife if she were delivered of a son it might be called Daniel, and if a 
daughter it should be called Patience, after the name of your Grandmother, 
more of your fathers sickness and gracious speeches I committed to Writ- 
ing and left them with your Grandmother. 

And now dear Children though God hath taken away your dear and 
loving father, yet he hath not left you fatherless, but according to your dear 
fathers desire and Blessing Commending you to God whom in his sickness 
he oflen called his Covenant God, Who is also your Covenant God and 
hath covenanted with every one of you in your Baptism, he hath been a 
father to you and mercifully provided for you and cared for you, when you 
could not care for not help your selves, as 1 shall acquaint you. And there- 
fore dear children Let your chief care be as you grow to understanding to 
know the God of your fathers, and to serve him with a perfect heart and 
the Blessing of God will be with you both in life and Death, according to 
the blessing and Prayers of your dear father and Godly Ancestors. 

Your father had not a present Estate Setled on him, but upon his Mar- 
riage with your Mother, I ingaged to provide for him, and after mine and 
your Grandmothers decease to give him my Farm at Che[bacco] where yoa 
were all born and also a ffarm 600 acres at Merrimack River, and accord- 
ingly during his life he partaked of all that I had and we lived with great 

• For ^genealogies of the Rogers family, see Rbgistbr, vol. 4,j). 179; vol. 5, pp. 106-^2» 
824,311-30; vol. 12, pp. 337-42; vol. 13, pp. 61-9; vol. 39, pp. 226-80: vol. 41, pp. 168^88. 


Major- Generai Daniel Deniaon. 


coAfeeiit and eatisfACtioQ, aud what I ingage<l to him shall God williQg be 
made gocid to you his Children, after yoiir fathers decease I provided for 
yoo and jour Mother above one year, at the ffarm where you all lived. But 
H Pleaseci God so to order that we Shoiild be further parted. For the be- 
pnmng oi April 1672 your Mother having married with M"" Richard Mar- 
ly lie, weot to live with him at Portsmouth, taking with her two Children^ 
Daniel who ttieo sucked and Mariiia* m I had contracted with them before 
tkikt in Consideration of that Estate which your father left and your Mother 
bad and M' Mar tine with her, which was neere 30U£, They should bring 
up two Children and be bound to give luO£ to Martha, when she corns to 
sge or if she die before to Daniel and his Heira, for which I have M*" Mar* 
tyns Bond^ and for some other Legacies iu case your Mother dye before 

For John he was to stay with me and his Grandmother, as he was to 
hare done had his father lived to go to School. Thus you are quartered 
dear Children but yet through Gods goodness you are under there care 
thai do tenderly love and will carefully provide for you. for which you will 
hare cauee to Hless God, That though you are bereaved of a loving father 
jet he bath not lef\ you desolate. 

Hmf^ing given this account of your descent by the father side, I shall 
icqualnt you with some of your relations by your Mothers side, hoping your 
mother who tenderly loves you will as she hath oppertunity instruct you 
Qot only in that particular but in other thiLkgs of greater moment and 

Your Mother was the eldest daughter of M"^ Samuel Symonds, a Mages trato 
jet living in Ipswich, by his second wife who was t!ie Widow of one M' 
Ep8, by whom she had your nucle Eps living at Ipswich, who hath many 
Children all your cousens, She had also 2 daughters one Marry ed to M' 
Chate, dead long since, another Marryed to M' Duncan who lives at 
Glocester, and hath many Children. 

Yoor Grandfather Symonds had a wife before, by whom be had divers 
Children^ some dead and 3 yet living one daut^hter Marryed to ^V Eps 

Car ancle by your grandmother as his wife is by your Grandfather, also 2 
ns Harlackeden now in Etiglaud, aud William that lives at Ipswich. 
Your Grandfather had by your Grandmother one son, your uncle Sam- 
let, who loved your father and Mother, and dyed before your father at sea 
11 he was returning from England, whether he went the year before, he 
Wis a hopeful young man, he hud also 3 daughters your good mother, 
ihoee name was Martha, was the eldest, the 2*^ was IMarryed to M' Eraer- 
■on, Minister of Gloucester, where they live and have divers Children your 
Cousen G*!rraans by the Mother side, his 3^ daui^hter was Priscilla Marryed 
toM*^ Baker, the same day your mother was Marryed to M^ Marty ne, they 
lite at Topsfield. 

Your Grandmother Symonds dyed about tw^o years before your Mother 
tit Marryed, she ha<l a brother Colonel !lea<b a great souldier in the Civil 
Wars in England, aud Governour of Sterling in Scotland, she had aleo two 
»ist«^r§ that lived in New England the eldest was vnur Aunt Lalte, who 
"Vwl in September last, and left a daughter named Martha, wife of Thomas 
Hiirris who hath many Chiklren, your cousens, her other Sister was M" Win- 
ihrop ijje wife of M' John Winthrop Governour of Conecticot, who is newly 
y^vl, ut the writing hereof a» the report is. She had two sons John at id 
"iyte, and 4 or 5 Daughters one Marryed to M' Neuwman who lived and 
V^ &t Wenham in September last, another ^larryed at Salem to M^ Joha 


Major-General Daniel JDenimm. 


Corwin all tbese are your Mothera Cousen Germans, and your Coaseoa 

and 80 are their children. • 

I have done as much as I intended by which Dear Children jou may 
perceive you need not be ashamed of yonr progenitors, who have in many 
respecta been eminent in their times, It behoves you that yon take care to 
be imetators of their piety and goodness^ aud that you doe not degenerate 
from those Roots from whence you are sprunge, in bo doing the bletsing 
and Prayers of your Godly Ancestors will fall upon you, and the God of 
your fathers will be your Covenant God who only is able to bless you here 
and make you happy hereafter, which i^ and hath been the Continual 
Prayer of all your godly Ancefitors and particularly of your tender and 
loving Grandfather who wrote this the 26"* Day of December in the year 
of our Lord 1672, in the sixtieth aud one year of hia age* 

Daniel Dknison. 

[Notes, — The foregoing confirms a gness I made a couple of years ago» that 
the New England family of Denison would be found to have belonged to Bishop's 
Stortford In England. The will of Jolin Gace of Storlfurd, Herts, tanner 
(Montague 61 » P.C. C), proved in 1002, of which I hope to g^ive a larger ab- 
stract one of these days^ mentions George, Edward and Wtlliani Denison, *' chil- 
dren of ray wife," and Elistabeth Crouch «*a daughter of rny wife." I paid a 
flying visit to Stortford, and, with much ado, succeeded In getting a sight of 
the parish registers, from which I took the following extracts : 
The xvij of March. ir>82, Georgr? Denyson son of John baptized, 
George son of William Denizen baptized 20 October U>IU. 
George Detdzon son of William and Margaret baptUed 10 December 1620. f 
William Denizen and Margaret Monck married 7 November 1603, 
Very lilsely there were other Denison items there, but these were all that 
caught tuy eye, in my rtTj/ hasty Inspection at that time. — Uenry F, Waters. 

The Records of St. Michaera Parish Church, Bishop's Stortford. etUted by 
J, L. Glasacocii, Jr.. were pnblished In 1882. By this book we find that William 
Dennyson was churchwarden in 1606 (page 113 J and George Dennyson in 1633, 
1^33, 1635, 1648 and Ui4£» (page 114j. 

In the Churcbwardeu*s accounts among the receipts for the year 1532 is "of 
John Denyson ix d" (page 61). 

In the Church warden's Book, 1G42, the name George Dennyson is entered 
several times. Among tbt^ coIlectlonH is found under *' Water Lane** *'Geo 
Dennyson iiij d" (page i4ij). Among the church rents due March 25, 1642, la 
"of Geo. Denny8on*3 house and yard vj d" (page ]52), Under lea^se rents la 
" of Geo. Denyaon for the Stalls in the Barly Mill for a yere at o^Lady day 1643 
xj a " (page 155) . 

The parish register is not printed In this volume* 

On the 20th of September, 1882, the two hundredth anniversary of the death 
of Maj* Gen* Denison was commemorated at Ipswich^ Mass. The proeeedinjars 
on this occasion were printed in a pamphlet of 53 pages, entitk»d, '' The Deni?«on 
MemorlaL" Of this pamphlet, 25 passes are devoted to a carefully prepared and 
very full biographical sketch of Ma]. Gen. Denison, by Dr. Siade, now of Chest- 
nut* lllll, who eontribntcs the precedini^ article to the Rkgister. An historical 
sketch of Ip.'^wich by the Rev. Aut;ustlne Caldwell is also printed there 
Another biojEfraphy by Dr. Slade appeared in the Rbgister. vol. 23, pp. 813- 
Gen. DenisoVs wliris printed in the liEOisTKUt vol. 8, pp. 2:^-4, To tl 
articles the reader is referred for information not found in the antobiojB:ra[ 

Mrs, Margaret DcuIsoUt the mother of MaJ. Gen. Denisou, died at Roxbnry» 

• For ftrcounts of the Symondsand Reade famllifia, «ec '^ Ancestry of Prlscilla Baker/* 
by William S. Apfik'ttin, Cambrid^^ 1870, sm* 4t«>. pp, 143. For die ancfwtry and connec- 
tions of the Wirithrrtp fninil3% see Rbgistbb, vol. 18, pp. 182-6 For notirr of the Epps and 
Lake flfcml lien, see Reoistbh, vol. 13, pp. 115-6. For pedigixe of tbe Chute family, aee 
RaoiSTBE, voK 13, pp. 12:M.— EniTOR. 

t There has iK'en a lack of agreeiriem an to the j^ear of Capt. George Denison*s birth. 
Some say tie wna bom \n 161S, but bij^ firraircstone makes him 73 years old at his death, 
Octoher 23, 1G94. (See Baldwin and Clift's Denison Record, p^ge fi.y-'EDiTOB.. 


13 Episcopal Records at SCoughton. 188 

Feb. 8, 1645-6. Her non Btates that her maiden name was Chandler, Mr. Waters 
Hods on the Bishop's Stortford register (nee al>ove) the marriage, in 1603, of 
WlUi&m Denison to Margaret Monck. This William Denisou is probably the 
New England emigrant. The variation in the surname of his wife may be 
account^ for in two waya: Mr. Dtmison may have be^o married twice, or 
Margaret Monck may have been a widow in 1603, William Benison, father 
of the general, died at Roxbury, Jan. 25, 1653-4. 

Frona Mr, Waters's extracts from the register of Bishop's Stortford, it would 
fteem that the father of William Deniaon and grandfather of Daniel waa named 
Joho> Hlfl widow seems to have married John Gace. 

*• A Record of the Desceodants of Capt George Deniaon. of Stoolngton, 
Conn.," a brother of the General, was pubtished at Worcester in 1881, in an 
octavo of 424 pages,— (See Hkgistkr, vol. 36, p. 10 L) The compilers were 
Hon, John Denison Baldwin and Hon. William Cllft.— Ewtok.] 


From a manttftcript oopy in the Archlvei of the N.-E> Hlatorie Q«nealoglcal Socliaty. 
[CODtlDued from pa^e li.] 
July 17, 1796.— Hariot of Paul & Elizabeth Cain. 
Elisha of Elisha and Sarah Crehore, 
and Clarissa of Elisha and Sarali Crehore. 
Aug. 7, 1796. — Jane of John and Fanny Nightingale. 
Oct. 4, 1796.-^Htttiijah of Eieazar and Hannah Crehore* 
Oct, 30* 1796.— 'Abigail of Henry and Naucy Gay. 
Nov. 20^ 1796, — Dorcaa ofJeremiah and Nancy Brown. 
Dec 28, 1798, — Robert Patersen of Robert and Margaret Smith, 
fllizabeth Temple of Samuel and Mary Nickolaon. 
Horatio of John and Rebecca Sprague. 
Eebecca " " " " " 

Sarah Ch ambers of John and Rebec^^ Sprague. 
k^.JUpl- l^t 1798. — Samuel of John and Naocj Higin, 

Oct- 14, 1798. — Horatio of Abraham and Hepzibah Bigelow, 
Abraham" " ** '* " 

Hepzibah** ** ** " ** 

Anna Maria of " " " " 

Martha of Ebenezer and Unice Hall* 
Oct 21, 1798. — Wm Henry of Thomas and Sarah Chase, 
Jaly 29, 1800. — Hannah Heaiey of Edward and Ann Weaver, born June 

27, 1800, 
Oct. 5, 1800. — Hannah of Moses and Hannab Kingsbury 

and Calvin ** "■ ** ** '* 

Ifar* l5f 1801. — ^Reuben of Siiafi and Judab Bacon. 
Colburn *' ** ** '' " 

Eliza of Ezekiel and Mary Kingsbnry« 
ipr. 26, 1801. — Daniel of Daniel and Charlotte Arnold. 
June 21, 180L — Moees of Peter and Betsey Sbepard Bracket* 
Inoe 28, 180L — Sally of Noah and Susanna Kingsbury. 
Samuel of *' ** ** " 


134 HpiBcopal Records at 8toughton. [Axiril, 

Deo. 22, 1801. — Jeremiali Smith Boise of Abel and Anna Allejne. 
June 28, 1801. — Martha of Noah and Susanna Kingsbury. 

Charlotte of ** " " " 

May SO, 1802.— Willard of Jesse and MehiUble Ayres. 

Leonard " ** " " " 

Martha Fisher of Jesse and Mehitable Ayret. 

Susanna of Noah and Susanna Kingsbury. 
Jan. 24, 1802. — Edward Harison Winterten of Jonathan and Mary Ann 

Feb. 14, 1802. — James Barker of James and Maria Field. 
Sept 12, 1802.— Grace Sophia of Paul and Elizabeth Cain. 
Sept 19, 1802.— John Avery of Ralph and Abijah Coffin. 
Feb. 7, 1803. — Greorge John Foster of Abel and Anna Alley ne. 
Mar. 13, 1803. — Jane Little of Wm and Jane Montague, born Jan. 3, 1803. 
June 26, 1803. — George Greenwood of George and Mary Gay. 

Amanda of Jonathan and Mary Ann Sprapue. 
Sept 11, 1803 — Seth Burrell of Peter and Betsey Shepard Bracket 
Oct 23, 1803.— Jacob of Jacob and Polly Frost 
Oct 30, 1803. — Ebenezer of Henry and Ann Gay. 
Apr. 30, 1804. — Mitzer of Moses and Hannah Kingsbury. 
Mar. 25, 1804. — Wm. Henry of Wm. and Jane Montague. 
Sept 3, 1804. — Joshua Thomas of Paul and Elizabeth Cain. 
Sept 16, 1804. — Mary of Noah and Susanna Kingsbury. 
Oct 28, 1804.— Rhoda of Simon and Rhoda Ferry. 
Nov. 25, 1804. — George Edmund of Thomas and Sarah Chase. 
Nov. 26, 1804. — Peter of Peter and Betsey Shepard Bracket 
May 19, 1805. — Mary Ann of Samuel and Mary Richards. 

Henry White of " " " " 

Sarah Elizabeth of " « " « 

Edward Metcalf of " " « « 

John Holbrook of « " " " 

June 2, 1805. — Henry of Michael and Ruth Ware. 
Oct 20, 1805.— Henry Hall of George and Mary Gay. 
June 19, 1 800. — Sarah Ann of Wm and Jane Montague, bom May 10, 1806. 

Caroline Mary of Mathew and Ann Harmon. 

Lawrence of Jesse and Hannah Richards. 

Catherine " " " " " 

Hannah " " « « " 

Mary " " « " « 

Sept 22, 1806.— Mary of Jesse and Mary Ellis. 

Abigail" " " " « 

Lucy " " " " " 
Aug. — , 1806. — William of Reuben and Susanna Guild. 
May 11, 1807.— Sally of Abner and Martha Ellis. 

Martha of " " " " 

Rebecca of " " " « 

Lydia " " " " " 

Sept 13, 1807. — Hannah of and Eunice Winthrop. 

Sept 23, 1807.— Abigail Nancy Gay of Nathan and Abigail ShutUewartli 

Jan. 20, 1808. — Jesse Wheaton of Jesse and Mary Stowell. 
Aug. 28, 1808. — Anna Ulbaana Benjamina of John Jacob and Mary BeO' 
jamina Woodbridge Gourgas. 


Episcopal Records ul Stoughton. 


June 18, 1809. — Wm of Hezekkh and Uudi Chad wick. 

Sept 10, 1809. — George Little of Wm and Jane Montague, born Julj 20, 

Sept. 28, IdXB, — Abel Lewis John Jacob of John Jacob aiwi Mary Beo- 

jamiiia Woodbridge Goiargas. 
Har. 13, 1810.— John Abijah of Wm and Lydia Wbita (in tbe town of 

Jane 24, 1810. — Natbanid of Noah and Sukey Kingsbury. 
Dec 13, 1810. — Wm of Abraliam and Rebecca Kustis (boro 17^'' of Nov- 
ember 1810 at Fort Adiitiis iu Newport Harbor atid 
baptUed at the same pJace]. 
Sept. 10, 1810.— Walter of Walter and Sally Webb. 
Mary Ann ol ** ** ** ** 

LoifiA ** ** *' ** ** 

Jao. 20, 1811. — Rebecca Spragne of Jolm and Sarah Magnire. 
June 7, 1811. — Clarissa Catherine Henrietta of John Jacob and Mary 

Benjamin a Wood bridge Gourgas. 
Sept 8, 1811.^ — Louisa EliEabeth of James and Elizabeth Noyes, aged 18 

years Feb. 28, 1811. 
Sept 29, 1811, — Elbridge of John and Hai^nah Ware (being a married man)* 

Ellen Eugeuia of John ami Betsey Ware. 
Oct 13, 1811. — Ruben of Silas and Judab Bacon, 
Leonard of *' ^ ** ** 

Daaiei *' ** ** « <* 

Marshall Kingsbury of Silas and Judah Bacon. 
Sarah Kingsbury ^^ *« ♦* ** <* 

Jtily 16, 181 L — At Marshfield the luiidersigned baptized James son of 

Luther and Hannah Little, Wm Montagno. 

Har* 8, 1812.^ — Horatio of Abraham and liebecca Eustis, (baptieed at Fort 

Adams R. I.) Wm Montague* 

^prll 6, 1812* — Hannah Strong wife of Titus Strong. 

Frances Elvira of Titus and Hannah Strong, 
Wm H«nry ** ** '* '« « Wm IMontague. 

July 21, 1812*— John Sherley of John Sborky and Nancy Williams. 

Wm Montague. 
^ay 15, 1812. — Olivia Frioe of Wm Price, bom at Hopkinton, Nov. 15, 
Lucy of Arnold and Sally Morse, born at Hopkinton, Jan. 
7, 1798. Wm Montague. 

-Aug. 30, 1812,— John Holley of John and Harioi Peirce,born Mar. 7. 1810. 
Isaac Beai of Wmand Sally Peirce, bom April 12, 1800. 
^Wtj 19, 1813. — Mary Miles of Ezekiel and Betsey Gardner, South Kings- 
ton, Rhode Island State. 
-Aug. 14, 1813. — Wm Frederic of Ithamer and Jauetta Chase, Cornish, N. 

H. State, 
^^t 5, 1813. — Harriot of John & Harriot Chase, 

^^CL 19» 1813- — Baptized Wm Bond, and Nancy Bond his wife the parents 
of the Ave following children who were baptized at the 
same time by me, Wm Montague 

TIE, : Mary Moulton, 
Janette Ralston. 
Sally Bradford 

George Dunbar, all of tbe town of Keene in the 
SuteofNew H, 
VOL.XI.TI, 12 

136 Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrooh and others. [April, 

Oct. 11, 1814.— Edward Wortley of Wm and Jane Montague. 
Apr. 28, 18H. — Henry Bright of Henry Bright and Dorathy Chase. 

Nehemiah " " " " " ** in the 

town of Warner, & State of New Hampshire. 
Sept. 7, 1814. — Allace Jane of Wm and Harriot Dustin. 
Malinda Grannb " " " " 

Hannah " " '• " 

Robert Barklay of Abner and Deborah Tyler 

all of Cbarlestown in the State of New Hampshire. 
Jan. 4, 1815. — Deborah of Moses and Hannah Kiugsbary. 
Mary Lion of " " " " 

Jonathan " " " ** ** 

George " " " " «* 

May 21, 1815. — Addine of Silas and Judah Bacon. 

Joshua Lewis of Moses and Hannah Kingsbury. 
Charies " '* " 

Wm Montague. 
Jan. 7, 1817. — Caroline Woodbridge of John Jacob and Mary Benjamiog 

Woodbridge Gourgas. 
July 2, 1817. — At Unity in the State of New Hampshire I baptized two 
of the youngest of Jesse Stowell's children. 

Wm Montague. 

[It Is evident from some of the entries in these records, that the children 
whose baptisms are here recorded were baptized in different towns. A large 
portion of the parents of the children did not reside at Stoughton. Many were 
residents of Dcdham, where the Kev. William Montague, who seems to have 
made a considerable portion of the entries, was rector. — Editor.] 

[To be coutinned.] 



Commanicated by William Blake Trask, A.M., of Dorchester, Mass. 

fContinacd from page 30.1 

[The following is a verbatim copy, imperfectly translated, as it wonld 
appear, from the French, of the letter of Governor Vaudreuil, to which his 
signature, only, is affixed. It will be noticed, that he speaks of Father 
Rale as having been murdered by the English, while doing his duty, the 
priest proving ever faithful to his Prince in teaching the Indians, who were 
always true to the French and their service. This letter should be read in 
connection with that of Dummer's to the Canadian Governor, written on 
the 15th of September preceding, printed in the present voluoie of the 
Registeb, page 26, as also, another, by Dummer, yet to come, dated 19tb 
of January, 1724-5. The latter is more directly in reply to the letter of 
Vaudreuil now before us, in regard to the Indians, boundaries of lands, 
treaties, &c. 

There is extant, in the Massachusetts Archives (vol. 52, pages 15, 16), 

1892.] Letters ofUol» Thomas Westbrook and other's. 137 

an intercepted letter* taken among Sebastian Rale's papers, at NorriJge- 
wock, examined, and attested to by Secretary Josejib Willard, Tbough 
printed entire in the Mass* Hist. Collections, 2d series, vol. viii., page 2C6, 
if may be of interest to give, here* a partial syoopsis of its contents. 

RaJe states, that bis people made a party of forty men attain st the 
Englisb, ** not with a Design to kill, but to put tbem in mind of tbeir 
Word, and to make ihem draw oiT: In one night they ranged near ten 
Leflgaes of the Country where the English had settled, *' broke into their 
liooBes, pillaged and burned them, taking thence sixty-four prisonera. 
Sobseqaentlyy 160 warriors set out. '* I embarked with them/' he writes, 
** to go to the War." They attacked a village, consisting of 54 fair houses, 
with five forts, two of stone, and three of woo^3. Tbe inhabitants, *^ near 
600 in nurober/* as he says, ** besides women and children," had sheltered 
themselves in their stone forta. His party fell upon, and pilhiged the 
honses, "burned all their Works of Wood, filled up their Wells, killed 
their Cattle, Oxen, Cows, horses^ sheep, swine.** "To pleasure the Eng- 
lish/* aa be expresses himself, ** I made my appearance, and shewed 
ijself to them several times/* " They saw me," be continues to say, ** but 
ire do nothing to me, altho' they knew that the Governour bad set my 
[ead at a Thousand Livres Sterling. 1 shall not part with it, Neverthelesa, 
for all dte Sterling money in England." 

The Indians went from tbence to Canada, according to Rale, and would 
bave carried hrra with them, ^* bull bid tbeoi go,** *' and about eight or nine 
itays here with me/* 

Rale, in closing, feels perjjlexed by the fact, that the English hold their 
and are, consequently, masters of the laud* T!ie Indians are not 
►le, alone, without the assistance of the French, to cope with them, and 
Lbe land, to the Indians, is lost. 

The 12th ot August (old style), 1724, Father Rale was slain, and his 
icailp was Hro ght to Boston. The New England Conrant, August 24, 
1724. says -**' On Saturday last arrived Capt. Johnson Harmon from bia 
Kxpeditioo gainst the Imlians at Norridgewock, and brought with him 28 
Scalps, one of wLi^h is Father Ralle's their Priest." 

The Mass. Hist. Colt, 2d series, vcjI. viii. p. 24a-240, contains a copy of 
along letter from Father Rale, to one of his order, name not given, which 
l»y a singular coincidence* was dated Anguat 23, N. S., 12 O. S., 1724, ** the 
^' r\ ilay that Captain Harmon and liis naen slew him atrd a number of 

To fih^w the changes produced in sentiment and feeling a century aft«r- 
wirds, it may be mentioned, that Bishop Fen wick, of Boston, caused a 
inohumeut to be erected to Father Rule, at Nor ridge wock, which was 
•iNliriited one hundred and nine years after the massacre, namely, August 
'■^">. 1S33. The inscription, in latin, with a view of the monument, may be 
eeeti in AUen'a History of Norridgewock, papes 42, 43.] 


iaadreutrt Letter to U Governor Dummer, 

I»m saq>ri5e[d] that you have not seen the Safe garde, & the Comissioii 
I li ad given to Father Ralle, sooner. The Abenekis Indians, your Neig- 
wqrs, with whom you have all ways been in war, haveing submitted tbem- 
|**cWes To f ranee, im brace the Catbolick Religion, & declare war to you 
Kvery time France & England have had any rjiiarrel togather; I say, all 
bought, or should, have put you in Mind or Convince you, it was not 

138 Letters of CoL Thomcu We^throok and others, [A^iS^ 

without orders of the meet Christian kiog, that the Jesaits were among the 
Indiens & Preach the Gospel to *ein. If you had forgotten it, the many 
Letters I have Written to your Governor alx>ut it, since the Last war be- 
tween jou & the abenecklB Indiens ought to have put yon in mind of it. 
No doubt but you are to answer to the king, your master, for the Late 
Murder Committed by your order on the Person of that french Missionary, 
wh<»8e head, I know, you Sat a price, & had no other reason to be so ani- 
mated againstt o^J because he has done his Dtity, & has been fait [h] full 
To bis Prince in Teaching those ludiens, to Whom ike kin£ of france could 
&ot refuse missionaries & help 'em in all he Coold; because they have all- 
ways, been true to him & served him upon Every occasion, or (^portunity^ 
that have been made known to ye. 

You tell me, that you took the opportunity of the Safe gard I had given 
to father Ralle^ to lett me know, for the Second Time^ that the narank- 
sonae & Panoaramesques Indiens, were without Contradiction Sub)e[c]ts to 
great Britain & on their Lands. Give me Leave to tell ye, Sir, that what 
you Say is not Maiiitmnable, Don't you know, that 8* George's River 
was on 17O0 by order of the Two Crowns, mark'd as the bounds of the 
English & french Lands; by w^^ bounds it is Plainly Seen, that all the 
District of Penoamesque was given to us; & shews the injustice you have 
Committed against the french, to built as you have done, & without Leave, 
a fort on the laud of one Lefevre; of which enterprise if you don't desist, 
you will infallibely repent? Don't you know, that said Lefevre had an habi- 
tation att kannoveskail : that your Sloops & ours did Pay a Duty to him aa 
to the PropriatOT of that Land, Every time they Came to anchor there? I 
believe that M' Capon (Envoy of England when king George Came upon 
the Throne, who Came here to ask tlie Panoamesque Indians to submit 
themselves to England) has not impart to you with the answer those Indiens 
made to him, tha' they did give him Two C-iippies of it in Writing* Their 
answer was, that they were french trom the heginin, & in the interest of 
f ranee ; that they were Surprise they ma^le such proposition to *em ; that 
they never would Change their Keligion, king nor Interest; & were 
offended they would keep such a Discourse to 'em, when they knew, very 
well, their union With fraiice; of Which they Look themselves as ChUdreu 
& Subje[c]t8. That answer (if said Capon don't Ly that was to be sent ta 
the king i& Parliament of England) will show Plainly 8* the unreasooablea 
of your Pretention to those Indiens. As to those of Narancsouac, you 
flatter yourselves of Certain Particular deeds, by Vertne of W*** you pre- 
tend, they made over their lands to ye, but how can wee believe ye. Since 
the Whole Nation Exclaim against those particulars? Indiens (whom 
they pretend you have suborned) that had no authority to give you that 
deed for the first fort build by yonr order, upon Narancsonac Land ? Yon 
said to the Indiens that were against it, or opposed it, that you did not pre- 
tend to be master of said forts; that they were bnilt only against the 
Pirates, that may, otherwise, take away the goods you had a mind to send 
that way to Trade with 'em? After you had, by unlaw full means, buill 
those forts, you spoke Very imperiously, & ihonght yourselves able to sub- 
due the said Indiens; but it is that, iti^elf, that has brought you to the Con- 
fusion & Trouble you Iiay under, of which you will have much ado to 
Come oft. You have in so doing, provoke the Narancsouae Indiens against 
you, to see you bad a mind to use 'em as your Subje[c]ts, & even as slaves, 
whilst they would have no other relation with you but what follows from 
trade among Nations. You may Judge of the true of what I say, by th^ 

1892*] Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrook and others. 139 

Letter yoa took about three years ago att father Ralle'a house, when jou 
plunder it against the Laws of meo. You'll See m that Letter, that the 
Narancsouae Indieu9 use to Come Every year to me, to Complain of your 
New attempts, *& that you had a mind to make *em turn of your Sid© 
Wether they Wou*d or No, w*^^ ihey were resolve not to suffer. 

You had more need to ask my advice, before you Invad their Lands 
(W*' I should never ad vie ye to) then I to ask you Leave to answer the 
Ju[?>t C4^^>m plaints ol the Said Indiens; that since they Would not turn of 
Tour side it was ihelr Interest to Defend their land, & Drire out Those 
that would invade it. 

It would have Loock very unsemly for me Sir, if for to please you, I 
had occasioned the said Indiens to turn from the french (with whom they 
have & will Live Lovingly togather) & sacrifice them to you. If I had I 
iroud have made a breach to the Last Treaty of Peace, who order us to 
iLAve a Regard for the Indiens, either friends or ally to france & do Noth- 
ing to molest 'em. Know therefore, Sir, that if I did order father Ralle to 
Tarry among 'em, it was to Conform my Self to the Said Trety. Nothing 
Could afilict the said Indiens more then to »ee their father^ or Priest, taken 
xway from *em; whilst of an other Side, you did Endeavour to take their 
Lands. You must blame nobody but yourselves, for all the Violence & 
ho^tilitya those Indiens have committed against your Nation, Since you 
ire the Cao&e of it, in invadeing their Lands^ 6i presume to muke your 
Sobjefcjts those People, that never would Consent to be your allys : whom 
being united to france, have doclare themaelvea against your Nation. I 
Cannot help taking their parts in this, to let you know you are in the 
^roog to fall out with ^em, as you have* 

You have by that means, draw upon your Selves, a great Number of 

Indieos from Every Side, whom to revenge the injustice done to these, do 

Ml & will fall upon you hereafter. If you had imitate the Governours of 

BotftOD, your predecessors, Contended your Selves To Trade witli the 

Abeoakis Indiens & had liuilt no forts on their Lands, all this Continent 

would be in peace. Wherefore 1 think my Self oblige to represent to you 

igain, that to Procure Peace among your selves & the People you have 

Jui^tly provok'd by your unjust attempta, to Pull Down all the forts you 

have built upon ibeir Land Since the Peace of LTtreck. If so, I Promiss 

you afterwards to be your Mediator to tho Abenakis Indiens <& those that 

belp's them, 4c ohlige 'em, to Lay down the hatchet, if Can be Possible to 

*ppeace 'em. Since the Last Cruelty & unjust attempts Committed of Late, 

l^nst them & their Missionari. I am not so Scare of your treatnings, to 

lec Nations that are, as you Say, ready to fall upon us to revenge your 

Cftttse; then, you ought to be, yourselves, for the fault you have Comitted 

(gaiost france, in Endeavouring to take their allys from 'era. I will not, 

wwever, refuse my mediation to you, to bring the abenakis Indiens & their 

sllyi, to Peace, on the Condition Expresed in this Letter, which are Con- 

WoL&ble to the maind of these Indiens, whom, betwen ns, have given ye no 

Ja«t Cause to Declare war to 'em. As to the Cruelty Committed by your 

'^fler, on the Person of Father Ralle, I Leave to the Two Crowns to 

Decide of the Justice (or punit^hmeut) that is to be madei haveing been 

oblige to give an account of it to the king my Master. 

I am, Sir, your most humble, & most obedient Servant. 
Quebec 8*^' the 29*** 1724, [Signeil] Vkaddeeuil. 

9*^' the 10^ 
Uiaa. Arch. 52:77-84. 

VOL. XLVL 12* 

140 Letters of CoU Thomas Weaibrook and others, [April, 

To ihe Hono*"^* Williain Biiffier Esq' Lieu* Governoor and Coffiander id 
Cheif in and over His Majeatys Proriiiceof the MassachuaettB Bay in New 
England & to the Hono**^* His Majeatys CounciJ & House of RepreseotatiyeB 
ID General Court Assembled at Boston, November the Eleventh 1 724- 

The Humble Petition of Jonathan Carey, of Boston, Shipwright, 

That Whereas your Pet^ in the year 1723 being Obliged ta 
remove from a Small Dwelling house of hia Situate in Augusta, opposite 
to the Island of Arowsick, into Garrison there for fear of the Indian Enemy, 
the OflBcers and Soldiers under the Cofiiand of Col° Thomas Westbrook, 
by his Orders pulled down the Pet" b* bouse in order to make use of the 
Boards thereof to mend the Whale Boats used in Hia Majestys service, and 
accordingly they gave Receipt to your Pet^ for Eight hundred and five feet 
of boards made use of by tliem for that service. And inasmuch as your 
Pet" s*^ House (wherein there was about Sixteen hundred feet of Boards 
& Eleven hundred of Nails besides Masons work)^ which was of the value 
of Twenty pounds, at the least, by moderate computation) was intirely 
destroy edf and all y' Timbers & Boards carry ed away, and made use of by 
the Officers & Soldiers under the s^ Col^ Westbrooks Cornand, (there 
being then no Boards to be had there) so that what was left, if any, was of 
no manner of use or benefit to the Pet* who was all this time absent and 
intirely Ignorant thereof until the same was done, when he made Application 
to y* a* Col* Westbrook for Recompence, who referred him to this Hono*^* 
Court for Relief in y* premisses. 

Wherefore the Pef humbly prays Inasmuch as he is a very poor man db 
has been driven off from his habitation by the Indian Enemy as afores^.^ 
That thia Great and General Court would please to take y* premisses int^ 
y' serious & wise Consideration & Order liim some suitable satisfaction & 
Recompence for the damage done him by the pullhig down and Destroying 
his Dwelling house afores , he being able to make it evidently appear the 
truth and Facts of his Allegations aforesaid. 

And a8 in duty bound y' Pet' shall ever pray &c. 


In the House of Representatives ^^ 

December 15**" 1724 Read & Committed for petition', ^^H 

In Answer to this Petition the Com*** are of Opinion that the sum or 
six pounds be Allowed and paid out of the Fublick Treasury to the 
Petitioner Jonathan Cary, in full discharge of what was made use of for the 
Service of the Province by the Officers & Soldiers Under the Cofiiand of 
001** Thomas Westbrook, 

John Chandler per Order of the Com*", 

In the House of Reprcsentativeg December 18 1724. Read & accepted 
and Resolved That the Sum of Six pounds be allowed and paid out of the 
publick Treasury to the petitioner, Jonathan Cary, in full discharge thereof* 

Sent up for Concurrence 
Id Council, Dec. 18, 1724. W*" Dudley Speaker 

Read & Concur'd Consented to 

J- WiLLARD Secry. W"* DnMiCEB« 

Bee* of m^ Jonathan Cary (by virtue of Col" Westbrooks Verbal Order) 
Five Hundre<l & fifty feet of Boards for mending the whale Boats in his 
Majesties Service. p' Johh JACKaon* 

1892*] Letters of CoL Thomas Westbrook and others. 141 

The Boards aboue mention"* were for hia Majestiefi Service, & rec** p' 
order Tho' Wkstbrook, 

George Town April 1724 Rec** of ro^ Joo' Carey Two httndred foot of 
Boarda, & us'ti in the raendiDg of Whale Boats & d"* in Hi.^ Maj^' Service. 

Mass. Arch. 105, pages 106-108, 

John Penhallow. 

To the Hon**^* William Dumer Esq[n]ire Lien* Gouernoar & Commander 
in Cheif of His Majesties Province of the Massac li use tts Bay, The Hou**^* 
the Council, And the Hon'''* Representatives of IIis Waj*^*' Said Province 
in Geoeral Court Assembled. 

The Memorial of Joseph Heath Humbly Sheweth, That Whereas Your 
Honours Memorialist, Since The making up of his Roll, in June Last, 
Be&lde his own Company, has had under his care the Three Mohawks and 
the Ten English men appointed to Scout with them* And for tlirco 
moiieths past bad the Command of an Other Scout of Twenty men. And 
beside bis march to Neridgawalk, has at all Times, attended Marching 
Orders. And there being no Other Suitable person to Take the Charge 
of, & Deliver Stores to The marching Forces, hath also Delivered Great 
QQantities of provision, ammunition, & Slop Clothing, to thera from Time 
ta Time by Dir[e]ction of the Treasurer, Who is Ready to Certify the 
Same. Your Honours Memorialist therefore Hurabley prayeih* that in 
Gonaideration of the Premises, he may lie allow'd Captains pay in thia 
preBent EoU, as Yoor Honours were pleased to grant him in his Last. 
And in as much as the Former Establishment of 4^' p' moneth for the 
Officer CofJianding the Fort at Richmond, is not solicieut to Support your 
memorialist, He further Hurahley praycth Your Houours to Grant him 
Captains pay for the future, so long as he may Continue the Commander of 
the B^ Fort & the Treasurey substitute for Delivering Stores to the s^ March- 
ing Forces; w*'** he would Humbley Suggest will be much Cheaper to y* 
province then to pay a Sub Commissary for Delivering those Stores only & 
will also prevent Your memorialist's Troubling Your Honours With any 
Petitions of this nature for the Future^ tSf Your Honours memorial*^ as ia 
Dniy Bound shall Euer pray &c. JosErH Heato, 

liostOD Novem^' IT*^ 1724. 

In the House of Representatives Nov' 18*** 1724. Read, and the Ques- 
tion was put. Whether the Prayer of the Memorial shall be granted? 
Resolved in the Affirmative. 

Sent up for Concurrence. 
Id Comidl Nov*" 18, 1724, W"^ Dud let Speak*. 

Read & Concnr'd. Consented to, 


Eodonied : Memorial of Joseph Heath, with resolve of Court thereon, 
i^ov. 1 8*** 1724 

Mass. Arch. 72:203. 


Boston, 17*^ Nov*-^ 1724 
I received your Letter by Express this Morning & yon are hereby 
directed Immediately to draw out of the Souldiers Posted at Yorke & 
^ells 50 good Men Well armed & Supply 'd with sutable proviss* for 1^ 
Daye8 or more if need be & with them to March forthwith to Piggwacot in 
Search of the Indians Liveing there according to the Relation you have 

142 Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrook and others. [April, 

from the Captive Peter Talloott who made his Escape from them & ia 
arrived with you whome likewise Stephen Harden or such other Person or 
p'soiis as shall be knowing of the Place & the Way to it, & the officer 
Commanding at Yorke is hereby Order'd without delay to furnish his Part 
for this Service which is 25 Men ; & in as much as the Success in this Ex- 
pedition will in a great Measure depend under God on your dilligent dis- 
patch & silence I expect from you that the uttmost Care be taken therein ; 
so wishing you good success I am Y" [ ] 

P.S. You are to take with You M' Allison Brown of Cape porpoa who 
is hereby Authorized to Act as your Lieut ; & inasmuch as you may probably 
not be able to Muster the whole Complement of fifty good & able Men fit 
for the Service out of the Two Towns aforementioned L* Brown is hereby 
Directed to bring with him 10 or 12 good Men from his Detachment to 
make up Your Number. 

Cap' Wheelwright 
Mass. Arch. 52 : 89. 

Honoured S' 

Some Time agoe one mous' Daguiell, of mont Reall was here in albany, 
by whom I forwarded your honours Letter to marq' Vaudreuiell. I had at 
y* same time some discourse with said Daguiell Concerning y* Warrs be- 
tween New England and y* Indians. I Tould him of y* unjustice and 
barbaritv of y" warr, and some further discourse Thereabouts, which it 
seems s*^ daguiell has Partly Imparted unto Monsieur Lachassaigne Govern' 
of mont Reall, as I Can Perceive by a Letter I Recei* of mons' Lachas- 
saigne p' the bearer hereef that mons' Vaudreuill is very sorry and weary 
of that Warr, and as far as I can Perceive would willingly see one or two 
gentlemen, Impowred by New England Gov** to Endeav' to make an End 
of that warr, which would bee very acceptable in Canada. 

By this Conveyance goes a Letter for your Honour from Gov' Vaudreuill. 
Here are now some french Indians in Towne. I designe to keep two of 
y*" about a 14 days or Longer, which I Can Easy doe for Little or no 
Charge, if his honour may write an answer to Gov' Vaudreuill upon his 
Letter, that I Can soon dispatch itt 

This is at p'sent y* most needful from 

Your Honours most humb^ serv** 
Albany 21"» Nov' 1724. John Schutler. 

Mass. Arch. 52 : 90. 


I have given Saccamakten one of the Hostages, Leave to go Home & 
visit his Friends upon his Parol, To return in about Six Weeks. You 
must send out a Scout with him under a discreet officer as far as may be 
convenient & so that he may be conducted in Safety out of y* Reach of 
any of our Parties that may be in the Woods, And when your People 
Leave him let him be furnisht with twenty Days Provision to carry him to 
some Indian Settlem^ Agree with him for some Signal to be made upon 
his Return, And thereupon receive him kindly, be with him, if they think 
proper to accompany him. And if two or three other Indians offer to come 
in peaceably with him, receive them likewise kindly, Adviseing me imme- 
diately of it And send them to Boston by y*' first good Conveyance. 

Dec. 4, 1724. [Similar language to the above is written out, in 

To V Kennedy. part, on the back of this Letter. The whole 

in the hand-writing of Secretary Willard.] 

1892,] Letters of CoL Thomas WeHthrooh and others. 143 

[Passport,") Wbereas Ssccamakten (one of the Indian Hostages) has 
obtained my Lea%*e to visit the lodiaii Settlem'* <& see his Family & Friends 
m these parts upon his Parol, to return back in the Space of forty Days ; 
These are to require all officers Civil & Military & all Persons with- 
in this Government, his Majestiei good Subjects, to suffer the said Sacca- 
maksen to pass forward to Penobscot or other Indian Setllem^ without 
Lett or Molestation & to return hack to the English Fort at S* Georges 
River Provided be pass & repass peaceably without offering any lujury to 
his Majesties Subjects. 
Mass. Arch. 52: 92. 

[Petition of James Webster, Nov. 1 724, who states, that he, on the 
Eighth day of Feb'' last, was wounded by the Indians having rec'd a shott 
thro' his body as he was going from Fort George on board Cap* Sanders' 
tioop, to bring provision, by order of Leiu^ James Armstrong his Gom- 
QLander, by reason of which wound your Petitioner Imth ever since been 
under the Doctors care, and hath several peices of bone taken out of his 
body and hath more bones to be taken out, as Doctor Allen Informs, so 
that jour Petitioner ia rendered uncapable to do anything for his support, 
iiid hath been at considerable Charge for Dyet, Lodging and Attendance, 
in Boston. Said Webster therefore prays for an allowance out of the 
Publick Treiisnry. 

Ten pounds allowed for smart money, and Ten pounds, nineteen shil- 
lings for Nursing, dyett & attendance on the Petitioner, from the %^^ of 
February 1723-^4, to the IG^^ of this Instant. DecemV. Dec'^ 18*"^ 1724] 
Mads. Arch. 72: 211. 

[In a letter frooi the Connecticut Government, dated Hartford^ Dec 22» 

1724, to the Government of Massachusetts (Mass. Archives, 52, 99), is 

this clause — " Whether it may not be proper to Close the Message to M. 

Vaadreill with a rehires en tat ion that it is Very Apparent that our Indian 

Enemy have such a depeudance on him to support them in the Warr that 

be Can Easily redace them to Quietness, and that bis Exerting himaelf in 

BO good a Work (as reducing those Indiana to Order would be) may hapily 

prevent many Alisobiefts that Seem to Threaten ua as well as the people 

uuder his Coiiiaud^ and also give us a Speciall Instance of his good Neigb- 

Worhood: and if this, or anything Else, proper to Insert in the Message to 

the Governo' of Canada, might gam him to Influence the Indians to peace, 

it wodd be well ; but if he should slight the Motion of being an Instrument 

to g;ain apeitce for us, I think he would Still he the Less Excusable, and 

Diuit Thajak himself when he is Taught by other Means.**] 

Sir, It is his Hon" the Lelu* Gov" order, on sight hereof, you give 
t^^ers that al I the frontier garrisons under y' Care be strict on their guard, 
wd ihat you order a Scout of men from Pesomscutt River to Saco River, 
wme distance above those Towns^ And let a Scout of Fifty men he con- 
stantly kept from Saco River a Cross to Berwick, some considerable dis- 
tWice (not exceeding Twenty Miles), above the Scout that are already 
'^IbwM to those people a Loggin at Berwick and Saco River, and in Case 
jOtt hear of the Enemy, yon are to draw out a sufficient number of men 
lOOOTdiQg to the Intelligence you receive, and pursue them. Cap^ Sandera 


144 The Starheys of New England. [Aprfl, 

will Sail this Week for York with a Sufficient number of Snow Shoes and 
Moggisons, & in the meantime you must make a shift with those that are 
in the Hands of the Commissary at Casco which the Treasurer acquaints 
the Leu^ Governour are about one hundred, as well as those in the several 
Towns where they are lodg'd. I am Sir yours to serve, 

Boston Decem 29"» 1724. Tho' Westbrook. 


L' Col** Johnson Harmon, 

at York. A True Coppy. 

Mass. Aich. 52: 103. 

[To be oontinaed.] 


By Miss Emily W. Lbavitt, of Boston. 

The earliest records of the Massachusetts Bay Colony give, of this sur- 

Ist, Robert Starkey, of Concord, Mass., whose inventory was taken at 
Boston, 28. 8. 1646, by Captain Williard, Joseph Wheeler and Richard 

2d, George Starkey, or Starke, whom Savage says may have been of 
Lynn, or Maiden. He was of Harvard College 1646. All that is known 
of him is his experience in London, where he had sent his servant during 
the terrible plague : ^' having made himself acquainted with medicine, as it 
is related in the letters of Allin, for the credit of Harvard College (new 
born) at Cambridge, New England, the metropolis of its native land was 
indebted in its most dismal visitation, to a graduate of its second year (Allin 
1643) and to another of its fifth year of bestowing such honors when the 
time honored uiiniversity so many thousand miles nearer, perhaps gave far 
less of educated skill to her relief." — Sibley's Harvard Graduates, vol. 1, 
p. 136-7. 

3d, Robert Starkey, a mariner, whose house stood on land belonging to 
Rev. Increase Mather and near his own house : his will was made in 1705, 
and his only son Robert, Jr., was a printer and bookseller of Fleet Street, 
Boston: his will was made in 1727, and with him the male line became 

4th, John Starkly, of Boston, 1667. A lineal descendant states that this 
John Starkey came from Standish, co. Lancaster, England, and, though 
the connection has not yet been established, yet it is rendered probable by 
the fact that there have been large numbers of this family in Lancaster 
County, for generations, in which the names of John, Thomas, William and 
George prevail. 
1. John* Starkey, by wife Sarah had, born in Boston: 

i. John, Jr.,« b. Sept. 23, 1G67. 
il. Mary. 

ill. Sarah, b. April 1, 1C71. 
iv. ExPKRiKNCE, b. Feb. 3, 1072. 
v. Martua, b. March 25, 1674. 
2. vi. Andrew. 


The Starheys of Neto England, 


At the First Church, Boston, Marjr anil Sarai of Sister Starkie were 
'ptkedSid. 1*. 1671, 

8, 1674, John' Starkey, weaver, of Boston, his wife Sarah reuoun* 
cbg her right of dower, took a mortgage of land at MaKien, Mass*, of 
Df. Samuel Brackenburj, ** physitian " of Boston* In 1 675, this same Dr. 
Brackenbury releases to Johii* Starkey, land at Maiden, together with 
** part of a house standing upon the land of Mary Kidgway's children/' 

Oct. 11, 1675, John Ridgway of Pemaquid, Maine, sells to John^ Starkey, 
weaver, his house and land at Mystic Side, Charlestuwn. 

John* Starkey (with others) was cited by the consUible of Mystic Side, 
C^arlestowii, Thomas Lynde, to take the freemaii^s oath» 2. 10, 1674: 
** These geraons appeared at court and were sworn in 15, 10, 1674/' 
Register, vol. 7, p. 28, Nov. 18, 1G76, John Ridgway, sen,, and John Ridg- 
wsy, Jr. of Mystic Side, in consideration of a new frame of a house and £6, 
"ie, sell John Starkey, clothier, of Maiden, one half a houi^t? rind two 
1 of land, at Maiden. Dec 25, 1677, Johii^ Starkey in a deposition, 
itaies that he was then 39 years of age. 

17. 10. 1679. Robert Cawley sells three acres of land to John^ Starkey, 
clothier, of Maiden. 

The next item of importance in his history is this petitioo. 

•* To Ws Excellency. Edmond Antlros, John Starkey's Pettcon, 

Whereas y* Petlicou'^ being an inhabitant of New iiarbor and !iaviu*r a patent 

for a tract of land and the cnuveniencj of meadow or marsh where 

tt mi^bt be found convenient, your Excellencyn Petlicon^ boini? innch ^trnitoned 
for bis cattle was first to look out where he could tlnd any marsh that wiw not 

taken tip nor laid out to any perwon he found two .small imrcoLs, y« 

one lying and being at a place called Coxes Meadow, about six acrej*. } e other at 
ft place called Pancake IIlll, abttut six acres, more or less, the ^vhich uuircU 
...... by ve retticoa"^ request to Captain Amos Audros was granted y* it 

should be laid out ,,.... by a surveyor A your Excellencys pettlcou*^ tliere- 

fun; humbly prays that his marsb may be laid out by some surveyor of your 
EiceUencys appointment." 
Ua99, ^rcAfrt*, vol. 123» p. 210. No date. 

lo 1689, eight inhabitants of Femaquid, Me., on May 1 1« petit iou govern- 
ment that Lieutenant James Weems might he left in command of the fort 
tt tbe Point : these were 

J no—* George Jackson 

Dennis — John Bullock 

Elihu Gunnison Jomas Bogardus 

Alejc. Woodrop. John' Starkey 

Prof. John Johnson, in Popham Celehration, p. 284, states that on Aug. 
% 1689, the Penobscot Indians, one hundred iu number, headed by Moxas, 
l*nded at New Harbor, on the opposite side of the Point from the fort, 
-ffere they seized an Englishman by the name of John' Starkey, who was 
•^ofle, and compielled him to give them information in regard to the oouditioo 
« iffsurs El the fort. Tfiey surprised the garrison at broad noon day *' no 
*^uta out/* and forced Lieut Weems to surrender: terms of capitulation 
^f^^ made, and kept, as, several years later, Lieut, Weems, then living in 
^^w York, presents repeated petitions for pay due to himself and to his 
^^n fur their services at the fort. 

^at John^ Starkey's fate was, we cannot learn ; no record has, as yet, 

)' 'titled to the long and exhaustive search that has been made. Of his 

^'Waily, it is probable that, as his lands lay near the fort, they were among 

who were embarked ** in Mr. Pateshalfs sloop " and were carried to 

146 The StarkeyB of New England. [April, 

Boston. That there must have been more than one, is proved by Tryall 
Newbury of Maiden, claiming, in behalf of the heirs of John Starkey, 104 
acres of land lying within the bounds of Jamestown, on Pemaqnld Neck, 
beginning at a certain run north of Richard Mnrren's house, with twenty 
acres of meadow, by patent under Governor Dungan to Richard Murren 
dated 13 Sept. 1686. 

This land was '< butted," in part, by that of William Case. In Charlestown, 
Mass., records, we find that William Case married Mary Starkey. This 
could not have been John Starkey's daughter Mary, because she was not 
baptized until 1671. 

The next link in John Starkey's family line was found in Bristol County 
records at Taunton, Mass. On Dec 19, 1716, Andrew Starkey of Attle- 
borough, Mass., sold to James White, also of Attleborough, ^ all land at 
Pemaquid, adjoining a place called New Harbor, in the eastward parts of 
New England, 104 acres, with 20 acres of meadow, lately belonging to my 
honored father John Starkey, deceased." 

2. Andrew* Starket {John}) was, according to Mr. D. P. Corey's 
Genealogy of the Waite Family [N. E. H. G. Reqister, April, 
1878, p. 188], the first of the family who settled at Attleborough, 
Mass. ; to which town he moved from Maiden, Mass., where he 
married (1) in 1708, Mehitable, a daughter of Samuel and Mehitable 
Waite of Maiden, who was b. Dec 22, 1686, d. in 1717; he m. (2) 
Feb. 2, 1717-8, Eatherine, dau. of Alexander and Sarah (Wood- 
cock) Balcom, who was b. Feb. 7, 1694. Their children were : 

i. Mkiutable,* b. May, 1709 ; m. July 17, 1730, William, a son of John 
and Rath (Edwards) Waite, who was b. Jane 29, 1700, d. June 24, 
1750; she died March 23, 1773 : res. at Medford, Mass., no children. 

3. ii. John, b. July, 1712. 

iii. Jason, b. Dec. 12, 1717. 

iv. Jemima, b. April 11, 1722; m. Elijah Farrington of Wrentham, Mass. 

v. Andrew, Jr., b. March 13, 1726-6; m. (pub.) March 8, 1748, Sybil 
Fisher of Norton, Mass., and had: (1) Amos^^ who m. Miriam 
Thomas; (2) 8yhU; (3) Andrew, 3d; (4) Mary; (6) Deborah; (6) 

4. vi. Thomas, b. May 22, 1733. 

8. John* Starkey {Andrew* John})^ b. July, 1712 ; m. Feb. 2, 1734, at 
Attleborough, Amy, dau. of Capt. Joseph and Judith (Peck) Capron, 
who was b. July 15, 1715. Their children were: 

i. John, Jr.,* b. March 6, 1736-7; d. Oct. 29, 1739. 

ii. LoES. 

iii. Nathan (or Nathaniel), who remained at Attleborough. 

iv. William, b. 1742; m. Sarah, dau. of Timothy and Mary (Taller) 

Martin, who was b. July 19, 1746, d. 1833; he died March 23, 1788. 

They had children : 

(1) William, Jr.,^ b. Oct. 21, 1765; rem. to Troy, N. H. 

(2) Sarahy b. March 2, 1769; d. young. 

(3) Sarah, b. AprU 7, 1771. 
(4^ Timothy, b. May 3, 1773. 

(5) Amy, b. Jane 7, 1776. 

(6) Bhoda, b. Aug. 27, 1779. 

V. Mehitable, b. ; m. Nov. 12, 1768, Nehemiah daflin. 

vi. John, Jr., b. March 13, 1745-6; m. Mary, dau. of John, sen. and 
Kebecca (Sweetland) Godding ; lived at Troy, N. H. 
6. vii. Enoch, b. July 29, 1748. 

viU. Peter, b. ; m. . Had children : (1) Otia, b. Feb. 25, 1774; 

(2) Peter, Jr., b. Sept. 25, 1777; (3) Nathan, b. March 12, 1779; (4) 

Tht Siarkeys of New England* 


Lahan, h, Jan. 30» 1783; (5) Benjamiiw b. Jane 14» 1786; (6) John. 
b. April 3» 1768; (7) Carmn, b. Marcli 17. 1730; (8) JLona, b. April 
25, 1791, d. yoang; (9) Lnna, b. I^cpt- 11, 1794. 
Petei^ Starkey. with hia brothers, RenjiiiDin, Enoch and Joseph, 
removed to Troy, N. H. He served hi Capt. Samnfl Wrigbfn* Com- 
pany, Gen. StaTk'^a Brit^ade, which marclied from Whw:he,st«?r, N, H-, 
joined the Northern Array and was at the battles of Ueanington and 
Stmwater, 1777, 

tx. Chlok. 

jc. BKKJAJtfiK, who d. nnm. at Troy, N. H. 

xl, Joseph, b. at Attlebo roughs Mass., remoTedto Richmond, N. IT., about 
1766; m. July 23, n78» WaitstUl Morse: he served In Capt» Oliver 
Capron's Company^ CoL WliUam JkxjUttle's Regiment, at Winter 
Hill, Somerrille, Maa8.» Oct, «, 1775. Thi^y had children : 

(1) Martha* b. March 13, 1779; m. Mnreh *, 1798, Joseph Clark. 

(2) Bsiher, b. June 3, 1783; \xu (1) Elijah Dnvenport. 

(8) Waitstiih b, Jan. 17, 1787; m. May 15, 1811, Noah Aldrich. 

(4) Jotfei^, Jr., b. Sept. 27, 1790; m. JFeb. 26, 1812, Lydia Aldrich. 

(5) Het^ry, b, Sept. 1. 1705; m, Feb. 17, 1818, Lncy Woodward. 
(e) Bei^ey, b. May, 1803; m. Jnne 26, 1829, William Woodward. 

Thomas* Starkey {Andrew^ Johi"), b. May 22, 1733; m. (pub.) 
Aug. 30, li55| Rebekah, dan. of Jonathsm and Eebekah (Mos^j 
Capron, who was b, Feb* 1, 1734, and had: 

1. Revskjlh,^ b. Nov. 18, 1756. 

a. Chlok, b. Aug. 6, 1767; d. Oct. 28, 179«, 

lit Thomas, Jr., b. Nov. 25, 17*^, 

iv, Olxvkr, b. Jtine 18, 1762. 

T. Cblob, b» Ang. 0, 17fi4, 

rf. Aakl, b. Feb. 21, 1767. 

EjfOctf* Starket (John,* Andrew^ John^),h^ July 29, 1748 ; m. Oct 

15, 1774, Elizabeth (or Betsey) Bfackinlon, of Attleborough, Mass., 
who was b. Jan. 3, 1751, d. Jan. 18, 1823; bed. 1823, at Troy, 
N. H., whither he removed in 1776, to that part which h now 
Swansey ; his estate was administered June, 1824, by hb son Samuel* 
Starkey. They had children : 

I. DAYtD,* b. ; m. at Swaoflcy, N, H., March 23, 1797, Lavinlm Wood- 
cock, and had two daughters, Snsan and Rhoda. 
7. il. GSOBGK. b. 1775. 
m, Samuku b. Nov. 30, 17845; m. March 20, 1811, Thankful, a dan. of 
Elder Nathaniel and Ttiankful Bollesi, who was bom May 29, 1790, 
d. at Mansfleld, Mass., June 25, 1872; he d. at Richmond, N. H., 
AixrU 30, 1865, They had children : 
(1) Mahala^ b. Jan. 1, 1813; m. Ira Hardy, of Providence, R. L 
LoUy b. Jan. 10, 1815; m. William A. Clapp. 
EmUy, b. May 29, 1817; m. Benjamin Bolles. 
Leonard, b. April 13, 1819; ra. Nancy Smith. 
tJhatltM 0., b. April 19, 1821; d, at Bethleiiein. N. H., June. 1888. 
JJexler, b. Feb. 4, 1824; m. (!) Julia M. Brown: shed. April 28, 

1854; he ni, (2) Anna P. Davis. 
B«tMey. b. Ang. a, 1826; m. Albert Stiles; he d* Jan. 9, 1856; she 
m. (2) June 5, 1861, James Pierce, who d* at Fitchburg, Maes., 
Oct. 2*», 1886. 

(8) Mary W., b. Au^. 5, 1826; m. Le Roy Brown. 

(9) Samuel, Jr., b. March 30, 1830; d. Oct. 8, 1889. 

(10) Nathaniel B., b. April 11, 1832; d. Sept. 30, 1832. 

(11) WilUam, b. May 26, 1834; d. at Darton, Vt. March 4, 1889. 

It, XiKvi, b, March 2, 1790; m. Hannah Holman, of FitzwIUiaui, N, H. ; 
«hc d. Dec, 28, 1846; he d, June 17, 1848, They had children: 
(1) Harriet O,* b. Aug. 26, 1816. 





148 The Starheys ofKew England. [April, 

(2) Martha M., b. Jan. 8, 1819. 
(8) Enoch Nape$, b. Nov. 12, 1820. 
(4) Edward H., b. Aug. 19, 1824. 
(6) James F., b. April 10, 1826. 
(6) Eliza J., b. April 6, 1884. 
y. Polly, b. Jane 15, 1798 ; m. Jane 27, 1819, John Tilden, of Eeene, 
N. H., who was b. March 20, 1784; shed, at West Moreland, N. H., 
Jane 10, 1854 ; they had no children. 

6. MosES^ Stark ET (ThomaSy* Andrew* John^) remoyed to Vassal- 

borough, Me., where through the influence of a local moyement, he 
joined the Society of Friends and became a preacher; he m. (1) 
April 4, 1796, Eunice, dau. of John Taber, of Vassalborough, who 
was b. July 6, 1777, at Portland Me., d. April 16, 1816; he m. (2) 
Jennet, dau. of George Warren, who was b. at Portland, Me., Jane 1, 
1782, d. June 11, 1782; he d. Noy. 9, 1842. They had children: 

i. Daioel Taber,* b. June 6, 1797; m. Sarah I., dau. of Paul and Jennet 
Rogers, of North Berwick, Me. ; he d. at Vassalborough, Dec. 80, 
1824. They had children : 

(1) George,* b. Jan. 2, 1823; m. Oct. 14, 1852, Caira Skelton; a physi- 

cian ; res. Philadelphia, Penn. 

(2) Daniel Taber, Jr., b. Aug. 25, 1825; m. (1) Elizabeth Ann Mills, 

June 14, 1854; she d. Aug. 6, 1860; he m. (2) Mrs. Julia A. 
Vea^ie, Feb. 4, 1867 ; a physician, res. at Winchester, Mass. 

11. Eliza, b. Jan. 1, 1799; d. Dec. 9, 1837. 

ill. Rebecca, b. Jan. 9, 1801 ; d. Aug. 24, 1878. 

iv. Mary R., b. Dec. 17, 1806; d. Jan. 26, 1838. 

V. WiLLLkM R, b. Dec. 4, 1808; d. 1870. 

vi. Moses T., b. Nov. 22, 1811 ; d. Jan. 1891. 

vii. Eunice T., b. Aug. 2, 1818. 

viii. Susan, b. Nov. 11, 1815. 

ix. Henry W., b. Sept. 6, 1819 ; d. Sept. 25, 1840. 

X. Charles W., b. June 9, 1821 ; d. Oct. 21, 1840. 

xi. Thomas C, b. June 6, 1823; d. Oct. 18, 1840. 

xii. John Warren, b. April 4, 1725; m. (1) Dec. 8, 1846, Carrie C. Carr; 

she d. ; he m. (2) Feb. 16, 18—, Mrs. Susan C. Carr, of Bow- 

doin. Me., 9 children; he d. at Yassalboro', Me., Oct. 25, 1891. 

7. George* Starke y (Enoch,^ John* Andrew* John^)^ b. 1775, in 

Swansey; m* (1) Betsey, dau. of Daniel and Elizabeth (Graves) 
Lawrence, who was b. at Troy, N. H., March, 1777, d. Sept 13, 
1813, a. 36 years; he m. (2) Hannah Smith, of Westminster, Mass. 
(pub.) Feb. 19, 1821 ; he d. at Westminster, Oct 10. 1855, a. 80 
years, and was buried at Fitchburg, Mass. They had children : 

i. Betsey,* b. at Swansey, May 21, 1801 ; m. April 12, 1825, Ezra Forris- 
tall, of Fitzwilliam, N. H., who was b. Sept. 20, 1799, d. at Boston, 
Mass., March 3, 1872; she d. Oct 6, 1889, at Boston. They had 
children : 

(1) George Wrighf* Forrietall, b. Feb. 8, 1826. 

(2) Charlee Alexander^ Forristalh b. Aug. 13, 1827; d. May 17, 1828. 

(3) Helen Maria' ForrisUUl, b. Sept. 1, 1829: d. Nov. 18, 1830. 

(4) Ezra' Forrietalh b. Adril 15, 1831. 

(5) Henry Mellen' Forristali, b. March 8, 1838; d. Jan. 22, 1891. 

(6) Charles Granville' Forristall b. Feb. 3, 1835. 

(7) Hannah Elizabeth' ForristaXl, b. Jan. 7, 1836. 

ii. Nanct, b. Nov. 5, 1803 ; m. March 10, 1825, Joseph Nourse, at Troy, 
N. H., who was b. at Fitzwilliam, N. H., Sept. 10, 1797. d. at Fitch- 
burg, Mass. , Dec 4, 1860 ; she d. May 22, 1884. They had children : 

(1) Charles' Nourse, b. July 2, 1826; d. Aug. 3, 1834. 

(2) George Lyman' Nourse, b. Oct 7, 1828; d. Oct 6, 1846. 
m Maria J' Nourse, b. May 17, 1880; d. July 9, 1842. 

(4) Joseph Erwin' Nourse, b. July 27, 1832. 

Descendants of George Lawrence. 


(6) EdwardC Koune, b. Aug, 2. 1882 ; d, Sept. 4, 1834. 

(6) EJhn Louise^ Xoune, b. July 17, 1885; d. May 17, 1887. 

(7) Sarah JJ Nourst, b. March 9, 183«. 

(8) Mary^ iVottf«e, b- Jan. 14, 184L 

(91 Maria LJ Kottrse, b. Feb. 11, 1844. 
lll. Haby L.,« b, Sopt. 5, um ; tu. Jttiu 9, 1831 , Alexftiider ForristiiO. who 
waab, atFlUwllilam, N. H., Jan 9, 180ri, d. at Woodbury, L. I., 
June 25, 1847; slits d. at CbeUea, Mas*., July, 81, 1875, Tliey had 
chlklreo : 

(1) Charles' Fonistall, h. Aug. 1838; d* Marcli 4, 1836. 

(2) Thomas C Forristall, h, March 21, 1835; d. March 4, 185<J. 
(8) Mary LJ Forristall, b. Oct. 26, 1837. 

(4) ffelen M.^ Fmistalh b. April 10, 1840. 

(5) Emma /.' ForriHall, b. Sept. G, 1842; d. July 15, 1878. 
re) Frames E. HJ ForrUtaa, b. Mairh 19, l«4«5. 

It. Gbobgk Lyman, b. Jan. 12, 1810; m. July 9, 1843, ElixAbcth N. Ames, 
at Tamifvorth, N, H. Tliev reside at Boston, Mass., and have one 
dan. JTffitny,' b. Feb. 14, 1859. 
. T. Clarissa Lawkencb, b. March 3, 1813; m. Noy. 23, 1836, Thomas 

Ci.ARiS9i. Lawrence* Starket (Geor^e^^ EnocK* John* Andrew* 
TbAn' ), b. March 3, 1813, at Troy, N. H.; m. at Boston, Mass., 
Nov. 23, 1836, Thomas Crane of New York City, who was born at 
George's Island, Boston Harbor, Oct. 8, 1803, died at New York 
City, April 1, 1875. They had diildrea: 

t. Thomas^ Crank 3d, b. Aug. 21, 1837; d. Jan, 26, 1875, 
U. Bklnjamin F,' Crank, b. Feb. 14, 1841; d. Oct. 12, 1889. 
ill. Albert' Cbanb, b. Dec. 30, 1842. 

Iv, FiiANCE^ AuKLAJOE^ CitANE, b. May 2, 1846; d. Feb. 11, 1849. 
V. SopHLA Angela' Cuanic, b. Nov. 1, 1847; d, Aug, 18, I85i3, 
w\. Hjekry Clay^ Crane, b. April 22, 1850; d, Dec. 30, 18G9. 
Tli. Ida AuauSTA^ Crank, b. July 2, 1H52; d. Aug. 21, 1853. 
riii. £ujk Florkncr' Crake, h. Jan. 14, 185U; d. July 26, 1857. 


By Mist Emilt W. Leavitt, of fiostoo, Mass. 

There were two early settlers of Watertown, Mass., by the name of 
Lawrence, John and George, but no relationship haa hitherto been establistied 
betweeo them. 

L Georgr' Lawrence was born in 1637; married Ist, Sept. 29, 1657, 
Elizabeth, the eldest child of Benjamin and Brid^^et Crispe, of 
Watertown, Mass. She was horn January 8, 1636-7; died May 
2S, 1681; he married 2d, August 16, 1691, Elizabeth Holland. 
Their children were : 

I. ELttABKTH, b. Jan. 30, 1658-9; m. Oct. 18, 1681, Thomas WMtney, 

and lived in Stow, Ma^s. 
IL Judith, b. May 12, 1660 ; m, abont UjSI, John, the third son of Charles 

and Rebecca (Gibson) Steams?, of Watc^rtown. 
Hi. HANN.iH, b. March 24, 1661-2; m. Ohadiah Sawtell, of Groton, Mass. 
It. John. b. March 25, 16G4 ; was accidentally killed, June 15, 1674, 
Y. BSNJAMm, twin, b. May 2, 1666; wan a waterman, of Charlestown, 

Masd. ; m. Ist, In Boston, Mass., July 4, 1689, Mary Clongh, who 

150 Deiscendants of Oearge Lawrence. [April, 

d. ; he m. 2d, Ann, the widow of Benlan^ PhillipB, Feb. 

3, 1696, who d. Jan. 11, 1716; he m. 8d, Nof. 18, 1716, Ann, the 
widow of Nathaniel Adams of Charleatown, and a daughter of 
Nathaniel and Mary (Bright) Coolidge, of Watertown, who d. Dec. 
28, 1718; he m. 4th, July 9, 1719, Elizabeth Bennett, who d. Nov. 
26, 1788, aged 75 years. His. wiU was dat«d Sept. 7, 1783. 
Ti. Danull, twin, b. May 2, 1666, of Chariestown; m. 1st, June 19, 1689^ 
Sarah, a daughter of Edward and Sarah (Adams) Counce, of 
Chariestown, who d. June 26, 1694; he. m. 2d, Himnah Mason, 
Nov., 1695, who d. Aug. 27, 1721; he ml 3d, Aug. 23, 1722, Maud, 
a daughter of James and Mabel (Haynes) Russell, and a grand- 
daughter of the Hon. Richard and Maud Russell, all of Cb&rles- 
town ; he d. Oct. 20, 1748 ; his wiU waa dated Dec. 22, 1747. 

2. vii. Gborqb, Jb., b. June 4, 1668. 

viii. Sarah, b. ; m. Thomas Rider, of Watertown. 

iz. Mary, b. Dec. 4, 1671 ; m. April 5, 1689, John Earl, of Boston. 

z. Martha, b. ; m. Nov. 29, 1697, J<^n, the second child of John 

and Elizabeth Barnard Diz. 
zi. Gracb, b. June 8, 1680; m. April 13, 169&, John, a son of John and 

Mary (Tufts) Edes, of Chariestown. 
zli. Joseph, b. . 

The will of George Lawrence, senior, was dated 1707; in it he mentions 
bis wife EUizabeth; his two youngest children, Joseph and Rachel; his sons 
George, Benjamin and Daniel; daughters Mercy Baker, living at Tar- 
mouth, Mass., Grace Edes, living at Chariestown; Elizabeth Whitney, 
living at Stow, Mass. ; Hannah Sawtel, of Groton, Mass. ; Judith Sterns, 
of Cambridge Farms, Mass. ; Mary Flagg, Sarah Rider, Martha IXz, and 
granddaughter Mary Earl. His sons I^niel and George were appointed 
administrators at the request of the widow. Inventory was dated April 
5, 1709. 

2. George* Lawrence (George^)^ born June 4, 1668; married Mary 

; he died March 6, 1736. Their children were: 

1. Mary, b. Feb. 16, 1696-7. 

ii. George dd, b. June 8, 1698 ; d. Aug. 2, 177a. 

ill. EuzABBTH, b. Oct. 9, 1700. 

iv. John, b. Feb. 20, 1703-4; d. Aug. 23, 1770. 

V. David, b. July 16, 1706. 

vi. Sarah, b. Jan. 20. 1708-9 ; m. 172G, John Baldwin, of Wobum, Mass^ 

3. vii. William, b. May 20, 1711. 
vlU. Anna, b. March 1, 1713-14. 

3. William* Lawrence (George* George^), bom May 20, 1711; mar- 

ried, November 28, 1734, Mary, the sixth child oi Samuel and 
Margaret (Traine) Perry, of Watertown ; she was bom September 
7, 1718. Their chiMren were: 

i. Samuel, b. Aug. 7, 1735; m. 1758, Mary Clarke, of Medfleld, Bifass. 

il. Maky, b. ; m. April 18, 1768, Isaac, a son of Isaac and 

Grace (Harrington) Gregory, 
m. Abigail, b. May 7, 1739; m. Dec. 27, 1772, James Priest, of Waltham. 
iv. Mercy, twin of preceding, b. May 7, 1739. 

v. William, Jr., b. June 1, 1741 ; m. Oct. 13, 1768, Hannah HamnK>nd. 
vi. JosiAH, b. July 16, 1744 ; d. young, 
vii. JosiAH, b. Sept. 29, 1745. 

4. viU. Daniel, b. Sept. 29, 1747 ; m. April 22, 1772, EUaabeth Graves, of 

Sudbury, Mass., by the Rev. Samuel Woodward, of Weston. 
ix. JoNAiHAN, b. Feb. 1, 1750; m. Aug. 11, 1778, Lucy Moore, of Sud- 
bury, Mass. 

4. Daniel^ Lawrence ( WiUiamj* Georgey* Qtorg^)^ bora September 


Oenealogical Oleaning$ in England* 


29, 1747; his "marriage iotentioa " was published December 5, 
1772, and both he aoti Elizabeth Graves ure recorded as of Weston ; 
he died July 13, 1832; his wife died October 29, 1840, aged 101 
J ears. Their children were : 

L PoiXT, b. 1774 J m. Hugh Thompson, 

U, BmexTr b, 1777 ; m. George Starkey» of Troy, N. H. See the preced- 
ing article, *' The Starkeya of New England,** page US, Family 7. 
ill. Daj«el, b, 1779 i m. Lucy Moore. 
It, Lccy, b. 1781 ; m. Cyrus Coolldgc. 
T. JoHNt b. 17S3i m. Irene Sewell; afterwardB married widow Gorham? 


fiy HBNftT F. WATEItfl, A.M. 

f Continued ftom pnge 56.1 

The last will and testament of RrCHARD Gregson deceased the 2 1 August 
1640, proved 31 August 1640, My dead boily to be buried in the church 
of St- Angustins St Austin's Gate as near and as coiiveLuenlly as I may 
unto the bones of my deceased wife. To Ephraim Udall of this parish 
forty shillings. To ray father in law Mr. Nicholas Hurl and unto Mrs, 
Dorothy his wife and to my dear and loving brother Mr. Henry Gregson 
ftQd unto Eldith his wife, to Mr. William Dicking, Mr. John Goddard, Mr* 
Robert Lewis and Mr* Thomas Haford, to every several person ihns named 
twenty shlllinga apiece. To George Gregson that liveth in Paternoster 
Row five pounds. To my servant Anne Hill all the moiiey that she oweth 
me (to be made up twenty shiillngs)* To Mary Arnold my now nurse 
^ten ebillings. 

I give and bequeath unto my kinsman Thomas Gregson, my now partner, 
to his wife Mary and to Mr. Thomas Home twenty shillings apiece 
to Thomas Gregson in New England twenty shillings. To Nicbo my 
ilde»i son whatsoever shall be recovered of Roger Stephens and George 
larton or from either of their estates &c. The remainder of ray estate 
be equally divided unto my aforesaid son Nicholas, John, Thomas, 
and Elizuheth, equal shares, part and part alike. To my now partner 
oaias Gregson fifty poiinds m full satiafaction of what money he doth 
ad he hath lent unto my cousin Thomas Gregson in New England 
and onto me his natural uncle. To my cousin Richard Gregson of Bristol 
one judgment confessed by one Samuel OldJield unto Thomas Gregson, 
V the said Thomas assigned to me; also one deed or indenture made 
rer by one Roger CHsant, vintner, of Bristol concerning two houses in 
that city &c. My son Nicholas to be sole executor, my father in law Mr, 
Nicholas Hurt, my brother in law Mr. Roger Hurt, my natural brother Mr. 
Henry Gregson, Mr, John Goddard citizen and grocer of London, my first 
cousin Mr* William Dickens gen*, Mr, Robert Lewis, citisen and grocer, 
and Mr* William Baker an attorney at the King's Bench, to be overseers. 

Coventry, 116, 

[Thomaa Gregson or Grigson of New Haven, Ct., according to Savage (vol, 
S, pp. S16-6), **came from London to Boston 2(> June, 1G37, in company with 
Gov. Eaton and John Davenport, was one of the chief men, an active merchant 
ami sn Aiisbtant of the Colony, (Irst treasurer and llrst commissioner for the 
ttBlon with the other N, £. colonies, lived on the cast side of the harbor, sailed 
VOL. XLVI. 13* 

152 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [April, 

in January, 1646, for London with Lamberton and * divers other godly persons ' 
of whom nothing was ever heard, the little vessel having no doabt foundered/' 
(See Wlnthrop'8 New England, ed. 1863, vol. ii., pp. 325-6; Johnson's Wonder 
Working Providence, pp. 124, 214-5; and Mather's Magnalia, ster. ed., vol. i. 
pp. 83-4.) He left a widow Jane, who lived to June 4, 1702, one son Richard, 
and, it is said, eight daughters. 

His son Richard* Gregson settled at Bristol, England, and hU son William* 
of London had a son William* also of London, who March 26, 1786, conveyed 
to Rev. Jonathan Arnold of New Haven, land in New Haven, formerly the 
property of his ancestor, Thomas* Grigson, for building and erecting a church 
thereupon. On the 26th October, 1768, William* Grigson of Exeter, a great- 
great-grandson of Thomas, quitclaimed the property to Trinity Church (Ibid. 
57. The deeds are printed in the Collections of the New Haven Colony 
Historical Society, vol. 1, pp. 76-8. See also pp. 48-53, and vol. ii. p. xix.)— 

Mr. Thomas Gregson — (name pronounced as if spelled Grixson), New 
Haven, one of the first comers, ** came," etc., as in Savage. Freeman 18 Feb. 
1639-40, truckmaster 23 Oct 1640, deputy 29 Oct 1640, treasurer May 1641, com- 
missioner 6 Apr 1643, magistrate 26 Oct. 1643, oath of fidelity 1 July 1644. 
Salleil to procure patent in Jan. 1645-6. 

Inventory taken 2 Nov. 1647, presented 7 Dec. 1647 : Land in 1st Dlv. West- 
meadow £16,5; land on further side of W. Meadow £5,15; 21 A Meadow £21; 
Dwellln<; house and home lot £48; little house and barn £35. Estate Dr. to 
Mr. Stephen Goodyear, Mr. John Evance, Henry Llndelle, Mr. W™ Hawkins, 
Mr. Davenport, Mrs. Lamberton, M' Malbon, Edward Wlgglesworth, Thomas 
Wheeler. Mr. Butler, Mr. Ling, Mrs. Turner, £126,3. Estate Cr. by Philip Leeke, 
Burwood of Stratford, Adam Nichols (an adventure in the Susan to Barbadoes), 
Juo. Gregory, £18,7. Real Estate, £246; Personal Estate, £225,19. Total, 
£490,6. Clear Estate, £364,3. Prized by Matthew GUbert and Richard Miles. 
(Paa:e 12, vol. L, part 1, New Haven Prob. Rec.) 

Distribution, 2 Apr. 1716, to heirs of only son Richard, heirs of Mrs. Anna 
Daniells, heirs of Susanna Crittenden, heirs of Rcbeckah Bowers, heirs of Sarah 
Whitehead, daughter Phebe Russell. Page 397, vol. iv.. New Haven Prob. Rec. 

He left a widow Jane, who died 4 June 1702. Her will, dated 5 Feb. 1691-2, 
** being aged and weak," *' to be buried by her executrix and dear relatives," to 
'* daughter Anna Daniel, my house and homelot and the remainder of my up- 
land not yet disposed of at my farm on the east side of New Haven harbor 
(about 30A.), unless some of the children of my son Richard Gregson in 
England come over" (in which event such child is to have them after her death) ; 
" and to daughter Anna Daniel my meadow at my said farm for life, then to her 
daug ter," to " daughter Mary in England 30A of my Third Division near the 
Spefries' farm," " also to daughter Anna Daniel 6 or 7 A of meadow near West- 
field for life, then to those of the children that need it most," to ** grand- 
child Ruth Frisbie of Branford 14A of ray East Side farm also 15A of said farm 
to daughter Susannah Crittenden," to " daughter Phebe, 40 A in the Third 
Division," to ''grandchild Elizabeth Winston, 8A of meadow and lOA of the 
Third Division," to *' grandchild Joanna Tliompson, 9 A of Third Division and 
5A in the Quarter by the west lane after my daughter Daniel's decease," to 
"grandchild Rebecca Thompson, 6A meadow at Westfleld (so called) now in 
her possession and lOA of Third Division," to ** great-grandchild Elizabeth 
Glover that now lives with me, 9A in the Neck," to '* the four children of my 
daughter Whitehead, 6 A of Third Division each," daughter Daniel to have all 
movables In the house and be executrix. Witnesses: W°». Peck and John 
Jones. Codicil (verbal) made a short time after the will. 6A of meadow to 
daughter Daniels and after her death to her daughter Joanna and her children, 
viz. 3A at South End and 3A at the West Side, also 3A of meadow at South End 
to daughter Susanna Crittenden. Witness Hannah Falconer Witnesses sworn 
in Court 30 July 1702. (Page 298, vol. ii., New Haven Prob. Rec.). 

Inventory taken 4 Aug. 1702. House and homelot £80, meadow on the West 
Side cove £24, meadow on the East Side £30, land on East Side untaken up £16, 
Third Division land £27. Total £198. Debts unknown. Prized by Thomas 
Tuttle and Nathaniel Boy kin. 

Distribution to Mrs. Ruth Frisby alias Hoadly, Joanna Thompson, Mrs. 
Susanna Crittenden and Mrs. Mary Wyke. (Page 223, voL ill., New Haveo 
Prob. Rec.) 


Genealogical Olf.aninga in England. 


Anita Is Eldo called Hannah in the town record of her marda^e, and In Jalj, 
1649, Hannah and Rebecca Gre^on are wttnesscs in a trial. I havi! arranged 
the children as follows : 

i. Richard, was **eated In 16541. Returned to England and lived In BristoL 

11. AXXA, ra. [1651] DanieU, 

Iiii. Hebbcca, m. Rev. John Bowersi. 
\y. ScsAXNA, ni. 13 May l(»Gl, Abraham Crittenden. 
T. Sarah, m. (1) 12 Dec. l^iM, John (iilbert; m. (2) B May 167t>, Sam- 
ael Whitehead. 
vl. Ma«y. bapt. 2»j Jan. 1639-40, returned to England^ in. Wylce. 

Tli. Fhihie, bapt. 15 Oct, 1643; m. (I) lG7a» Rev. John Whiting, of Hart- 
ford; ra. (2) 1692, Rev. John Hussell, of Hndtev. 
Till. Abigail, bapt. 23 Feb. lti44-5. 

FuANCia B. Trowbru>gb, of New JSaven, CL} 

JoON Maplett of the city of Bath, Somerset, Doctor in Phjsick, 13 
April 1G70, proved 7 Februarj 1670» I give and i>ei|neatlj unto my dear 
lister Mm, Mary Gorton of New England the sum of twenty sliillings, and 
to eacli of her children I give the suin of ten shiUingn apiece. I ^ive and 
ber|ue;ith unto my dear sister Mrs. Glizabeth Ilani of London, widovv, the 
Bum of twenty shillings. To my dear dunghter Anne Maplett the sum of 
four hundred pounds ti> be paid her at the clay of her marrnii»e if so be »lje 
murry with her mother*a good liking aud consent, otherwise only live 
poauda. To her younger sister my daughter Elizalieth the sum of three 
bauflred pounds (on same ctrndiLiuin). To my aforesaid daughter Anne 
Maplett all that portion of land and houses in Bris^tol brought to me by her 
mothtT at our marriage, bein^j formerly part of the estate of her brother 
Mr. Walter Wiiliamu (after the decease of her mother). To my wife my 
bcmae in Bath with the tenement and gardena thereto belonging all lately 
bought of Mr. Thomas Fisher, to l>e her own forever and at her sole dis- 
posal. She to i)e sole executrix- Signed, declared and published 31 July 
1670. Duke, 24. 

[This will was found long a^o and forgotten. It should have accompanied 
th* will of Mrs. Mary Mayplctt, the mother of the testator, published in the 
ReqIjiTER for October, I8l*(> (vol. 44, p. 384). Mrs. Gorton's husband was the 
famous religloua disturber, Samuel Gorton. — H. f. w.] 

Stmon Winge of St. Clement's Danes, tailor; 28 July J625, proved 6 
February 1626. To my wife Kebecca one hundred pounds due unto me 

from Mr, Bryam Palmes of in the Co. of Northampton gen*, and 

lixteen poun«l8 due unto me by Mr, William Palmes gen*, and six ptninds 
owing me by Mr. Suiff<>rd Palmes and six pounds and a crown due unto 
me from Sir Archball Dugles. Ti> June luy d?iughter forty jimnnis owing 
unto me by Mr. Samuel lleale of Fleet in Devonshire gen*, aiid five pounds 
tftu shillings due and owing me by Mr. Hulmes of Carshaltou in Surrey 
|en'. and alfeo four [rounds due unto me by Henry Arthur of Ivybridge gen*, 
md forty *two shillings owintj me by Mr. Edward lltiase the younger of 
A&hwell in Rutland and five pounds due nnto me Viy Mrs. Dennys for rent. 
To my Bister Bridget S mi the twenty shiilintis. To my godson ilenry 
Cromwell ten shillings. To my brother »lolin Winge ten shillings if he be 
Irnng. To John Cathin of Barroe in Rutlandniiire five shillings. To my 
tai4 d;«ughter seveu and twenty pounds owing me by bond and fourteen 

pduudit owing me upon books by Thomas Grove of in Wiltshire gen*. 

To my brother Matthew my cloth hose and canvas doublet. To my sister 
£Ut»l>6th ten sbillings. To my uncle Stevens and his wife twenty bhil lings. 
To Thomai Cooper one of my executors my writing deske. 1 do make 

154 Oenealogical Gleaninga in England. [April, 

JohD Meader of St. Audrew's HolborD, tailor, and Thomas Cooper of 
Clifford's Inn gen^ my sole executors and to each of them forty shillings. 

SkynDer, 24. 

John Burnell, citizen and clothworker of London, 15 December 1603, 
proved 16 August 1605. My body to he buried in the parish church of 
Stanmore the Great. My goods &c to be valued, appraised and divided 
into three equal parts, according to the ancient and laudable custom of the 
city of London. The first part to my wife Barbara for so much due to 
her by the said laudable custom. The second part I devise and appoint to 
my five children amongst them equally to be divided ; and the third part I 
reserve to myself and to my executrix towards the payment of my fhneral 
charges and of such legacies as I have herein devised. Then follow sundry 
bequests to the poor and to his guild &c. To wife Barbara one thousand 
pounds. To eldest son John one thousand pounds. To brother in law 
Tevis Cruse, remaining in Dantzic, a ring of gold with a death's head 
thereon of the value of four pounds. To my brother Mr. John Cage and 
to my sister his wife, each of them, a mourning gown. To my cousin 
Richard Cage his son a mourning cloak, and to his wife a mourning gown. 
To my brother in law John Swifter, mercer, and Curdela his wife, to each 
a mourning gown. ^* Item, I give to my son in law Thomas Morley and 
Katheriue, his wife, my daughter, to each of them a mourning gowne." To 
my son in law Richard Ball and Ann his wife, my daughter, to each of 
them a mourning gown. To my cousin Barbara Russell, widow, a mourn- 
ing gown and forty shillings yearly, during life. To my cousin Salomon 
Coke six pounds, thirteen shillings four pence and a mourning cloak. To 

my cousins Mary Church and Willowbee of Dover, widows, forty one 

shillings apiece. To Mr. Willowbee, parson of Stanmore, a mourning 
gown. To sundry servants. To Ililson Swifter, my wife's sister's son, 
five pounds. To my good friend Mr. Robert Cogan a ring of gold with a 
death's head worth three pounds. To Elizabeth Morley, my goddaughter 
and grandchild, fifty pounds in money and unto Katherin Morley, sister of the 
said Elizabeth, forty pounds, and unto Ann Morley, another sister, forty 
pounds, to be paid them at their several ages of seventeen or at their sev- 
eral days of marriage. To Katherin Ball, another of my grandchildren, 
forty pounds in money. To my wife Barbara my manor of Stanmore the 
Great in the co. of Middlesex, in as large and ample manner and form as I 
now enjoy the same by virtue of an assignment thereof made unto me by 
and from John Koyn Esq. and Katherine his wife, with remainder to my 
son John (&c. To my son John my copyhold messuage or tenement and 
eight acres of land in Stanmore now in the tenure or occupation of Ann 
Bluitt, widow, or her assigns, and thirty acres in my own occupation. To 
son Thomas the copyhold tenement &c. called Fiddell's (with certain land). 
To son William for ever my lease of two messuages &c in Stanmore the 
less, and freehold and appurtenances in Hendon. The remainder to be 
divided among my three sons, John, Thomas and William, and my two 
daughters, Katherine wife of Thomas Morley and Ann wife of Richard 
Ball. The seven hundred pounds each which I have given to my two sods 
in law, in marriage with my daughters, shall be considered parcells of my 
daughters' portions. My wife Barbara to be executrix and my brother in 
law M*" John Cage and my sons in law, Thomas Morley and Richard Ball 
to be overseers. Thomas Morley one of the witnesses. Hayes, 58. 

In a codicil made 28 March 1 604, reciting certain statutes or recogni- 
sances, indentures of covenants, indentures of defeazance and obligations or 

Genealogical Gleanings in England* 155 

i obligatory, he appoints his friend Thomaa Gourney of Loador*, Esq, 
iole executor for and concerniag the said statates or recogBizancea, &c. 
Prored 2 December 1605. Haje«, 85. 

JoiiK B CRN ELL, citizen and cloth worker of London, 18 February 1621, 
proved 23 January 1622, My estate to be divided into three parts accord- 
ing to the custom of London, one of wbicb I give and bequeath unto my 
lonDg kind and faithful wife, as ber due per the said custom. One other 
third to be divided equally amougst my children then livings aiid the other 
tbiid part I give and bequeath as fo]loweth. Then follon' certain legacies 
and beqaesta to the poor of Barking parish (if dwelling there at the time of 
my death) to l>e bestowed in seacoles at the fittest season of the year and 
reterred in store for them till the winter and then sold to the needy at cost 
price. To poor children at Christ's Hospital and the poor in 8t, Bartholo- 
metr^t &ud St. Thomas' Hospital, tlie poor io Ludgate and the two compters 
ia Loodon^ the poor of Stanraore magna ** where I was born ** &c &c. To 
wife Ann, eldest son John, elde**! daughter Barbara BurnelK second daughter 
hsxn Burnell, third daughter Katheriiie Burnelt, fourth daughter Elizabeth 
Baruell and son Thomas Burnell. To my virtuous and loving mother 
Barbara Burnell ** for the remembraunce of a sonne which whilst he liued 
truely honored ber and desired not hinge more then her quiet peace and 
gDod^ and her lone againe was noe lesse towardes mo and mine/' To my 
brother Thomas Burnell. To my brother William Burnell. To my sister 
Katheriue Morley and my sister Ann Ball (ber husband deceased). To 
good wife If all of Stan more and ber children. To Philip Hill of London, 
widow, and Winefriih Lyle. My brother and sister Morley. My servant 
Edward JosseJin, goodman Fleminge, Mr, Edward Abbott our vicar of 
Barking. To my mother in law Jone Browuerigg adiamoml ring, the first 
giit I gave her daughter my wife. My mother in law Ann Wealch* My 
wife Ann and ray brother Thomas Burnell to be executors and the Right 
Worshipful and my especial kind friend Sir Thomas Coventry* knight^ H. 
If« Attoro. Geu. and my brother in law Thomas Morley to be overseers. 

Swann, 7. 

Babbara BiruNELL of Great Staumore, Midd., widow of John Burnell, 
merchant, deceased, 27 June 1631, proved 18 January 163L Aged and 
weak. To be buried in the parish church of Stan mo re as uear the body of 
my late husband as conveniently may be. To Chnat*s Hoapital, St. Thomas 
Hospital, St. Baribolomew'a Hospital and the poor therein. To the four 
prisons of Ludgate, Newgate and the two Compters in Loudon aud the 
poor therein. To the Co. of clotbworkers of London* they to provide for a 
distribution of twelve pence a week in bread to the poor of die parish of 
Stan more exerj Sunday in the year, a ad one pennyworth thereof to the 
pmsh clerk of Stanmore, and to pay the said parish clerk of Staumore two 
ihiJliiigs *'^ to thintent *' that he shdl keep the monument of my said hushaud 
iod myself now standing and being ii^ the church of Stanmore clean with- 
oat dust, also to provide four pounds six shillings in woollen cloth to make 
yearly six waistcoats and six safeguards for six poor women, and five pounds 
a year to a poor scholar of Oxford who intendeth to profess divinity. To 
my brother Swister and his daughters each a mourning gown and Ui Bar- 
bara his daughter, my goddaughter three pounds to miike her a ring. I 
^ve to ray »ofi Morley in money twenty pounds and to my daughter, his 
wife, my silver bason and ewer parcel giit, my three gilt bowles* my 

• Hi« tirothcr In law (See Pedigree of Sctjrlght lutie Harleiaa Society ^sYlsitatioas of 
_ . .- -19}.— a. F. w. 


Chnealogiecd OleaningB in England. [April, 

broadest ^ shole " to lay spoons on, parcel ffilt, my porrenger, parcel gilt, 
and my silver sugar box and the spoon ased to it ^ To my daughter 
Ann Ball ^bc I give to my son Morley and his wife and to my daughter 
Ball and their sons and daughters, mourning cloaks and gowns. I also 
give to my two daughters Eatherine and Anne my wearing linen &c To 
the children of John Burnell my late son deceased five hundred pounds. 
My executor to sell my ^ shoverfeet " to set glasses on, my twelve apostle 
spoons, my spout pot, my little *' haunce " pot (& certain other silver ^) 
to the utmost value he can. To sons Thomas and William (certain articles 
of silver &c). To cousin Thomas Freeman and his daughter Barbara. To 
my cousin Gates, my cousin Robinson, my cousin Toung and my cousin 
and the children which I shall be godmother and great-godmother onto 
and the children which I am or shall be jzreatrgrandmother unto and not 

Sdmother. To my sons Thomas and William all my linen at my son 
orley and my daughter Ball's several houses in London. To Thomas 
Morley, son of my son Morley, to Barbara Ball, my daughter Ball's 
daughter, and to Thomas Burnell, son of my son William, thirty pounds 
apiece. To all the children of my sons and daughters. To Elicabetli, now 
wife of my son William. Thomas and James Morley, sons of my said son 
Morley. My son Thomas Burnell to be executor and my son Morley 
overseer. Audley, 7. 

[In my Gleanings for 1884 (Reoisteb, vol. ZS, p. 419), I gave an abstract of 
the will of Thomas Burnell of this family, who referred to his nephew John 
Morley as '* resident in New England.** I have no doubt that this reference is 
to John Morley of Charlestown, although he had been dead about five months 
when the will of his uncle Thomas Burnell was written. In his own will, 
proved 2^ 2^ mo. 1661 (Middlesex Prob. Reg. Mass.) he mentions wife Constant, 
sister Mrs. Ann Farmer and mother Mrs. Katherine Morley deceased, and devises 
housing and lands in the manor of Cheshunt, Herts, England, to his wife for 
her life and then to liis sister Mrs. Farmer. 

The following pedigrees, taken from the VisiUtion of London (1688. 84, 86), 
Harleian Society Publications, vol. 17, p. Ill ; vol. 15, p. 128, show his lines of 
ancestry, both paternal and maternal. 

JAMES llORLET=Aime, da. of 

of London, 

of London, 

James Morlejs 
of Stondon in 
oo. Hertford. 


wife of William 

Sebright of London, 

Towne Clerk. 

ThonuM Morley^Katherine, da. of 
of London, John BomeU of 
Marohant, London, 

Unelng a* 103i. Marohant. 

John Morley of London a. 1034. 
[afterwards of New England.] 



Anne, wife to Thomas Oats, l 
Counsellor of the Lawes. 

THOMAS BURNELL of Doyer in Kent, gent.- 

John Burnell of London=Barbara, da. of Peter Camberlin 
gent, a* 1670 I of Danslke. 

1. John Burnell of 

London, Marchant. 

mar. Anne, dau. of 

Mr. Sebright. 

2. Thomas BurneII=He8ter da. of 3. 
of London, Henry Wollaston 

William BnmeU- Elisabeth, ds. 

of Stanmore 

Marchant a* 1033. of London, Magna. In Com. 



Draper, fined 
for Alderman of London. 



2. Thomas. Anna. 


lerine. Elizabeth. 


of John Kiif 

of London, 


1. Thomas. 

2. John. 3. Hesiy. 
H. F. Watebs.] 

Iiev» /Stephen BackUer* 



Bj the Hon. Chailleb £, Batobsldie, of Port£moQtb« N. H* 

[ConclDued from page 64.} 

At the very beginniag of 1632 Mr. Bacbi!er left England for Bostoo in 
Neir England. He sailed on the 9th of March, 1631-2, in the vessel 
called the William and Francis, from London ♦ with sixty passengers, and 
after eightv-eight dreary days landed at Boston. Among his fellow travel* 
ler» were Gov, Edward Winslow of Plymouth, Rev. Thomas James, Rev. 
Thomas Welde aud Thomas Oliver the famous ruling elder of Boston. On 
the Whale, which arrived May 26, 1632, came Mr. Wilson and Mr, Richard 
Dammer. Most of the Dummers resided at South Stoneham or Swathling, 
where the ancient church bears several Dummer memorials, and this was 
the last residence of Stephen Bachiler in England. A relationship ex:iated 
between the Bachilers aud the Dummers which cannot yet he traced.* 

The-se two ships, the William and Francis and the Whale, were sent out 
by "the Ck>mpany of hushandmen,*' sometimes called *Hhe Company of 
London " or ** the Compnny of the Plough,*' of which company Stephen 
Ba<^iler was an active and zealous memher and was chosen their pastor in 
1629 or 1630.t The energy and zeal with which he labored to increase 
Uie society and assist as many emigrants as possible to come to New Eng- 
land, is well set forth in a letter of John Dye and others to Mr. Crispe, and 
those members of the Plough Company, then in New England, dated 
London, 8 March, 1631-2, and evidently brought io the William and 
Francis or the Whale.J Mr. Bachiler ** adv^entnred ** £100 in the Company 
md loaned them £67, of which amount £9 wa^j repaid by the freight money 
on his goods. Among the articles he brought over were fonr hogsheads of 
peas, twelre yards of cloth, two hundred yards of list, a contribution box 
ukd oaken fnmiture, which has lasted until this day. Most of the early 
lettlers of New England were young, or not past their prime when they 
Qune to America. Mr. Bachiler was seventy-one when he landed, and yet 
fer a scorQ of years thereafter he retained his vigor and for a decade he 
most obstinately contended against Massachusetts Bay in behalf of New 

He had planned in England to settle at Newtown (now C^m bridge )> but 
oiriDg to the disaster which befell the Plough Company in 1631, aud having 
received a call from Lynn, Mass., then called Sagus, he proceeded to the 
place last named, where his daughter, Theodate, wife of Christopher Onssey, 
resided. He commenced the exercise of his public ministrations on Sun- 
diy, June 8th, 1632, without installation, having formed a church of those 
who desired to join the six or seven persons he brought with him^ w^ho 
im said to have been members of the church with him in England. 
The first meeting-house in Lynn was a small, plain building, without bell or 
^teeplet *>*tid stood on the northeastern corner of Shepard aud Summer 
Streets. It was placed in a small hoHow, that it might be better sheltered 

• MS. Ictt ^ ^ ■ , , ,| iiHTnme/ to Natli'l Bacbilpr, icu., I4th 4tb mo. 1673» ** my cossen 
mtlmalelJ fv limiirum/' 

t Letter t>t hen Bdcljilcf to the chtircli ia Boston. Mass. Hbt. Coll. Faartli 

Serto, Vol. VII-, 101, 

. Hi«t. Coll, Fourth Series, VIL, 92 and W note. 

158 Ree. Stephen Bachiler. [April, 

from the winds, and was partly sank in the earth. It was entered by 
descending several steps.* 

On the first Sunday at Lynn, foar children were baptiied. Thomas 
Newhall, the first white child bom in Lynn, was first presented. Mr. 
Bachiler pat him aside, saying ^ I will baptise my own child first," meaning 
Stephen Hassey, his daughter's child, bom the same week as Thomas 

Before Mr. Bachiler had been preaching four months at Lynn, he fell 
under ^ suspicion " of having independent ideas, which he was not ready to 
flM al the dictation ef others. 

Thereupon the General Court passed the following order. 

'* Octob' 3, 1 632, Mr. BatcheP is required to forbeare exercising his guifts 
as a past' or teacher publiquely in o' pattent, unless it be to those hee 
brought with him, for his contempt of authority, & till some scandles bo 

The word " scandals " was ordinarily used in our early history to denote 
some religious irregularity. It was *' scandalous " to conduct worship in 
any way not approved by the rulers. It had acquired that meaning in 
England before the emigration.^ 

It does not appear how far this order was obeyed. It will be noticed 
that Mr. Bachiler was left free to preach to those he brought over, and no 
doubt he continued his ministrations. At all events after five months this 
prohibition was removed and he was left free to gather a church in Massa* 
chusetts Bay. He was also present at conferences of the ministers of the 
colony, Sept. 17, 1633, and Deo. 19, 1634, the first meeting having been 
called to consider the settlement of Mr. Cotton, and the other to consult 
what ought to be done if a general governor should be sent out of England, 
and whether it be lawful to carry the cross in their banners.! On the I5th 
of March, 1 635, '* two of the elders of every church met at Sagus, and 
spent there three days. The occasion was, that divers of the brethren ol 
that church, not liking the proceedings of the pastor, and withal making a 
question, whether they were a church or not, did separate from church 
communion. The pastor and other brethren desired the advice and help of 
the rest of the churches, who, not thinking fit to judge the cause, without 
hearing the other side, offered to meet at Sagus about it. Upon this the 
pastor, etc., required the separate members to deliver their grievances in 
writing, which they refusing to do, the pastor, etc, wrote to all the churches^ 
that, for this cause, they were purposed to proceed against them as persons 
excommunicated; and therefore desired them to stay their journey, etc. 
This letter being read at a lecture at Boston (where some of the elders of 
every church were present), they all agreed (with consent of their churches) 
to go presently to Sagus, to stay this hasty proceeding, etc Accordinglji j 
being met, and both parties (after much debate) being heard, it was agreed j 
that they were a true church, though not constituted, at first, in due order, i 
yet after consent and practise of a church estate, had supplied that defect; 
and so all were reconciled. I 

He was admitted a freeman May 6, 1 635. It seems quite probable that 
he was the minister who dissented from the order of banishment of Roger 

• Dow'8 Hist. Address, Hampton, N. H., 1838. 

t Mass. Colony Records, Vol. I. 

t By " scandalous ministers " (says De Orev) no more was meant than the befaig tnilT 
orthodox, trnly conformable to the rules and orders of the chnrch, and fldthAil aod 
obedient snbjects of his migesty. Neal's Hist. Poritans, II., 488, note. 

i Winthrop's N. E., 1.. • 154. | Ibid., L • 167. 

Hev* Stephen Bachiler* 159 

Williama tn October, 1635* aa his opinions are kDown to have agreed 
elotely with those of Williams, and no minister of the twelve churches 
then established possessed his courage iti maiotainifig tinpoputar opinions. 
It is to be considered also that be had previonsly been di^iplitied for 
defMirture from the established customs, and wilhiti three months was 
agmlfi in trouble from the same cause. In January, 1635-6, says Win- 
throp, ** Mr* Batcheller of Sagus was eonvented before the magistrates. 
The canae was, for that, coming out of England with a small body of 
fix or seven persons, and having since received in many more at Sagus, 
aod contention growing between him and the greatest part of his church 
(who had, with the rest, received him for their pastor), !ie desired dis- 
misstoD for himself and his first members, which being granted, upon sup- 
podtion that he would leave the town (as he had given out), be with 
the said six or seven persons presently renewed their old covenant, in- 
tending to raise another church in Sagus ; whereat the most and chief of 
the town being offende*!, for that it would cross their intentions of calling 
Mr. Peter or some oilier minister, they complained to the magistrates, who, 
forseeing the distraction which was like to come by this course, bad for- 
bidden him to proceed in any such church way until the cause were 
QGro side red by the other ministers, etc- Bat ho refused to desist. Where- 
upon they sent for him, and upon bis delay, day after day, the marshal was 
tent to fetch bim.f Upon his appearance and eubmission and promise to 
remove out of the town within three months he was discharged*"} Peter 
however refused to settle at Lytin^ preferring Salem. 

These distractions in the Sagus church continued until Christmas* 1635, 
when a general fast was proclaimed, for that cause and others and presum- 
ably oontioaed until February, 1636, when Bachiler left Lynn and went 
to Ipswich, where he received a grant of fifty acres of land and a prospect 
of settlement, but from some reason, not yet explained, the plan miscarried. 
It waB about this time, on the 17th of April, 1637, that Rev. B. Stansby 
writes Rev. John Wilson from England that he is grieved that ** Others 
lave downe the ministry and become private members, as Mr. Bacheler* 
Mr, Jenner, and Mr. Nathan Ward, &c." He adds that this fact and 
others of like nature were now much talked about, and that many worthy 
people were prevented from emigrating to New England for these reasons, 
and suggests that greater liberty be granted in the admission of members 
to the chtirch,**§ 

Under Mo. 1, 1637-8 Winthrop says, "Another plantation was now in 
hand at Mattakees© (now Yarmouth), six miles beyond Sandwich. The 
tindertaker of this was one Mr* Batcbellor, late pastor at Sagua (since 
called Lynn), being about seventy-six years of age; yet be walked thither 
on foot in a very hard season. He and bis company, being all poor men, 
finding the difficulty, gave it over* and others undertook it."i| 

Tlie inducement which led him to attempt a settlement at Yarmouth 
was undoubtedly the fact that in 1 6S7 a large number of his former parish- 
ioners removed from Lynn and commenced a settlement at Sandwich, near 
T&rmouth, under a grant from Plymouth Colony.^ Baehiler's settlement is 

♦ WlDthfop'i N* E.» !.,• 170. 171. 

t Th€ aire^t of a minister by a marshal caased miidi gOFsjp throughout the country, 
8ae tUr. JAme« PArk<^r*s protest to Gov. Wiutbrop on tic Lag so arrested. Mass. Hist. Coll. 
Fonrth S«rles, Vol. VII,, 44h 

t Winibrop'f N* B„ L. • 176. 

t Ham. Hift. CotU, Foorth SeHes, VoL VO., 10, 11, 12. 

I Wintbrop'i N. E., !.,• 260. t Lewis's Hiit. Lynn, 169, 

VOL. XL VI. 14 

Hev. Stephen Bachihr. 


wid to have been made in that part of Barnstable (then Tarmoatli) called 
Old TowD, and was about one huDdred miles from Ipswich where he resided- 
His next removal waa to Newburj, where, on the 6th of July, 1638, the 
town made him a grant of land, and on the 7th of October, 1638, the 
General Court of ]^Ia;&sachQsett8, in order to be rid of a troublesome pastor 
and also to strengthen their claim to the territory more than three miles 
north of the Merrioiac» granted Mr. Stephen Bachiler and hin company, 
who had petitioned therefor, liberty to begin a plantation at Winnicunnet, 
now called Hampton* N. H. On Tuesday, October 16, 1638, the settle- 
ment was begun, the journey from Newbury being made in a shallop. On 
the 7th of Jane, 1639, Winnicunnet was made a town, and further abont 
the same time the said pltintation (upon Mr. Bachilera request made known 
to the court) waa named Hampton.* This name was most probably given 
in honor of Hampton, that is, Southampton^ in England. The addition 
*^ South " was a late addition to distinguish this town from Hampton in 
Mercia. Winthrop in his History of New England repeatedly refers to 
Southampton as Humplon.| It will also be remembered that South Stone- 
ham« adjoining Southampton, and in the gift of St. Mary's of Southampton, 
was the last residence of Mr. Bachiler in England. In 163D the inhabitants 
of Ipswich voted to give Mr. Bachiler sixty acres of upland and twenty 
acres of meadow, if he would reside with them three years. He preferred 
his settlement at Hampton. On the 5th of July, 1639, be and Christopher 
Hnssey sold their houses and lands in Newbury for " six score poands," 
and thereafter his entire interest was with the Hampton settlement. The 
town in 163i) granted their pastor three hundred acres of land for a farm 
besides his house lot, and he gave them a bell for the meeting house. This 
bell remained in use until al>out February 15, 1703-4, when the town 
voted that the selectmen should agree with William Partridge Esq., to pro- 
cure the town a good one from England of about one hundred and thirtie 
weight and that they send to him the ould bell that is splitt to make of 
that what the sd Mr. Partridg can towards the paying for a new one.J 
The farm was laid out to him in the extreme southern limits of Hampton 
adjoining Salisbury. In the Hampton record book containing the grants 
in the year 1644 and 1658, c^pieti accx>rding to the town vote, concerning 
the copying of grants with witnesses, if necessary, is the following: 

To Steven Bachiler sometimes of Hampton. 

1. Impr. nine acres & half of upland granted unto him, for a house lott: — 

2. & five acres of upland adcd to the south-east end thereof : f onrtenth acres 
k half : granted unto klm : laying betwe<?n th*? upland of John Samborn tow 
the south-west J & the upland of Christopher hnssey towords the north 
abutting upon the meeting- ho use green in pt & upland of John Samborn in 
towords the south-east: more or less as it is layd out. 

3. Item ah ought fowcr acres of swampy gro'wnd granted unto Mm: layeiog 
between the ground of John Sam horns towords the north-east: & the ground of 
Christopher hussey towords the south- w^est ; abutting upon the meeting-house 
green towords the north-west and the Oxe commooT towords the south-east; 
more or less as It is layd out. 

4. Item eleven acres* medow granted unto him layelng between the medow 
of henery Ambroa towords the north : and the medow of William Sambora^ 
towords the south : abutting upon tlie upland towords the west ; & a commois^ 
waje by the beach towords tlie east : more or le»9 as ft Is layd out. 

5. Item foure acres of medow granted unto him : layeing between the medo' 
of llichard Swaynes toword the north : & a common waye towords the south 

• N. H. Provincial Papers, toI. 1, p. 151. 
X Hampton Retxirds, MSS. Vol. I., U5. 

t WJnthrop's N. £.» toL 1, jMige 2 et B^ 


Lee of Virginia. 


mbntttng apon certalne upland to word the east : & a certain river called Tayler 
river to words the west, more or less aa It la layd out. 

6. Item two hundred acres of upland medow & marsh for a farme lajefng 
between the line of Solsbeny in pt : & the farme of Mr. Tyniothj Daltoii the 
Teacher In pt : & the farme of John Browne in pt toworda the south r & the 
l&rm of Christopher Huse toworda the nortb more or less as It Is laytl oiitt. 

7. Itt eight Acres of upland in the East foild lying betweiin the land of Wil- 
liam Sambom towards the south and como(ii] way towards the north abutting 
QpoQ the fresh medow of the s^ Mr. Bach elder towards the east and the land of 
John Cliilbnls toward^! the west tnore or less as itt Ls layd outt. 

The earliest statement of the boaads of Hampton is said to b€ taken 
from a very old manuscript and is as follows: ** bounded on the north by 
Strawberry Bank, east by the Atlantic Ocean, south by Salisbury and west 
by the Wilderness."* Nine entire towns and parts of two towns have since 
been setoff or established from territory then belonging to Hampton. 

fXa he eootinued.] 


By J. Hbnby Lea, Esq., Ccdarborst, Fair haven , Mass. 
[Ckjnclnded frmn page 78.1 

The Registers of West Ham, in which parish S t rat ford -LangtoQ was 
fiitoated, having most unfortiiuately perished previous to 1653, it seemed 
possible that something might be gleaned from the adjacent parish of Stepney, 
and there seemed the more reason for thie hope as the grandson of Col. 
Richard Lee^ Isaac Lee of Virginia, died Ihere in 1727,t which would 
luggest some previous conneetion of the family with this place. 

Two laborious days were passed in the examination of the very volumin- 
OQfi Records of this large parish, in which time the writer searched the 
Baptisms and Marriages from their beginning in 1568 to 1609, and the Bap- 
tisms alone to 1638, but without taagihle result, and the search was accord- 
ingly abandoned at this poiut4 A significant fact, however, may be noted 
in the frequent occurrence of the well known Virginia names of Bland, 
Fairfax and Lightfoot, while that of Hancock is itot infrequent. The names 
of Fulk and Gilbert Lee are also suggestive, these being both characteristic 
^v^mily names in the Shropshire line, and it is also notewurtliy that Sir 
^^Bohn Lee, Knt., of Stepney, \vas grandson of Humphrey Lee of Bridgnorth 
^^Bn 8alop,§ another of the names so identified with the Lees of Langley, 
^^■Ithough the arms of this family are totally diiicrent from the latter. || 

I • New York Observer, abont Septczuber, 1882. 

i t See bl8 will In Mr. Watcrs's Gleanings in Rkoister, vol* xllv. p. 3&L This Isaac was 

eertaluly the son of Hancock Leo» fur proof ol' which see will of Jib grandfsulier, Isaac 
AJIerton, cited in Eeoistbr, xliv. p. 292, hy which It will be seen thm Hancock's wife wiis 
not Bii2al)eth but Siu-sb, aa error which haa evidently prevoated the previuua identiUeatioa 
of Isaac Lee. 

X The writer's moat cordial thiinkf are doe to the Rev. O. W. Hill, the rector^ and hii 
MMAnt, Rev. W. H. Prere. for courtesy shown In thisi tediouN and tmtiblegimie task. 

S6ee pedigree In London and Middlesex Note Book by W. P, W, Fhillimore, No. 2, 
J, 1891. 

I Arm* granted Dec. 20, I.S93, to Lee of London and of Billesley, co. Warwick :— Arg. a 
fet^ Sa., In chief two peilets, io base mo martlets of the second. Crest:— A Talbot's 
bead Arg., oolhired As,, (o the collar a dug and Imc of the last--EdmoudiiOD's Heraldry, 
London^ 17S0, 

162 Zee of Virginia. [AprO, 

The writer's iDtention had been to print the reenlts of the Stepnej 
search in full, but iu view of the extreme improbability of the connection 
of most of the many Lees foond there with the &mily in qnestion, he has 
decided to give only the few extracts which follow. 

Register $ of SL Duntlan^n^he'Ecutf Siepney^ IMddx. 


1604 — Maye — ffbwlke Lee of Ratdif & Rabbidge Hawkins ol ye same^ 

married vi day. 
1605 — December 1 — lliomas Singleton of shadw^ & Margaret Ivey of 
the same widow. 

1595 — Aug. 10 — Agnes daughter of Gilbert Ley of Ratdifb. 
1598 — June 25 — Andrew sonn of Gilbert Ley of Ratclif. 
1600— Nov. 18— Mary daughter of Gilbert Lea of Ratclif. 
1605 — Noueb. 2 — John sonn of ffookes Lee of Ratclif, Sailler 
1607— Oct 11— Phillipp sonn of ffowkes Lee of Ratclif, sailler. 
1615 — Apr. 6 — William sonn of Mr. John Lee of Mylend, gent, of xr 

dales ould.* 
1619 — May 11 — Katherine daughter of S^ John Lee of Myleend kni^t & 

Sara his wife 11 days old. 

1610. — Nuncupative Will of Gilbert Lee of Stepney. 

In the Name of God Amen abowte the first day of Jan. A. d. 1610, 
according to ye computation of the Church of England, Gilbert Lee of 
RatclifPe in the pish of Stepney ats Stebneth in the Com of Middx, Mar- 
riner, being at sea aborde the good shipp called ye vnion of London, being 
some what ill but of p'fect minde & memory, called for one M' Bradshaw a 
merchant in the said shipp & signified vnto him that he hath made his will 
but was purposed to alter it, where vppon M' Bradshaw demanded what his 
will or purpose was or words to this effect — Mary quoth the said Gilbert 
Lea my will or minde is that my brother Anthony Briant & his wife shall 
have all that estate I have or words to ye like effect, sauing twenty pounds 
that I give tomy brother, meaning his brother Lee, & other ten pounds 
that I give to one of myne name dwelling in St Catherines And I make 
the said An thony Bryant & his wife ex***" of my will & testm^ or words to 
the like effecte where vppon M' Bradshaw made this will w*^ was acknow- 
ledged by the said Gilbert Lee the testator before diuers witnesses & his 
former will cancelled w*'^ will soe composed iu wrighting cannot yet come 
to the hands of the said Ex*^" but was to ye effecte as aforesaid. Witnesses 
of the truth of the p'mises — Thos. Peerce his mark, Ralph Wilson, pilot, 
John Bingle, Mr. Bullock ye surgeant, Pro. 22 July 1611 by Anthony & 
Anne Briant Com. Ct Lond., Vol. 21, fo. 353. 

« Mr. John Lee, afterward Sir John Lee, Knt., was Chnrchwarden of this parish in 1612 
and many subsequent years. He resided in Whitehorse street, and was the third of three 
distinguished brothers, sons of Sir Robert Lee. Knt., Mayor of London, 1002-3, all oT 
whom were knighted for their public services. He was knighted before 1616 (22 Jan. 
1616-6 at Theobald's Inn, London, see Metcalfs Book of Knights P. 166), bis name as 
a knight occurring in the list of Churchwardens of that year. In 1618 he was made Keeper 
of the Ordinance Stores at the Tower. He married first to Sarah Woodward, who diea bL 
1626 and was buried at Stepney, December 27th of that year ; and second to Joan Lott, 
widow of Henry Lott of Stopnev, license dated 6 November, 1633. He was baried 1^ 
November, 1642. (Stepney Mcnnorials, Pt. IL, fo. 61.) His daughter Catherine (jm Aer* 
baptism) married William Culham of St. Catherine Creechurch. Qirdler, her father** 
consent being attested by her brother Robert Lee, allegation dated 8 June, 1686» and b» 
which she is called 20 years of age— an evident error. (Harl. Soc xxvi 222.) 


Lee of Virginia, 


1611. — Will of ffolke Lee {of Stepney in Act Book) weake of body; 
Dated 26 ffeb. 1611; is indebted to Tbotniis Steward, Pusser, & to Luke 
Nott, who are to be payed out of Callicoea w***^ are tii my Cbeist; to wife 
one third of money or goods dewe me; youngest sou John Lee other third; 
to Thomas Harris* a motley gown; wiefe Executrix; Overseer — William 
Marten; Wit: William Hughes, Thomas Harris & Walter Woodvvardej 
Pro. by Robridge, relict & Extrx named in will, 14 July 1014. 

Com. Ct. Lond., Vol 2^, £o» 344. 

The following will was only found after the preceding MS. bad been sent 
to the printer, and, with the Admons which accompany it, gives room for 
much speculation. 

We have here itiU an&ther Lee connected with Stratford Langton in the 
first half of the 17th century and, from what we now know of CoL Richard 
Lee*fl connection with the Lees of Salop, we cannot doubt that this 
Humphrey was his near kinsman. That he was the so long sought father 
is very improbable, as Richard is not named in his will, but he may well 
have been a brother or, more probably, an uncle of the emigrant* The 
name of Humphrey is common to all branches of the Shropshire family, 
but that of Waltor seems to point to that branch which became extinct in 
England with the death of Sir Richard Lee, Bart., of Langley and Acton 
Buniell in April, 16€0.f 

The connection of Humfrie Lee with the parish of St. Olaves in South- 
irark is also noteworthy, as this was the residence of yet another of the 
Salop family, i. e, that Richard Lee who married Elizabeth Langdon and 
who was so absurdly identified with CoL Richard,! with even less rhyme 
or reason than was shown in the attempt to affiliate him with the Quarren- 
don Family in the person of Sir Robert Lee's dece^ed infant son Richard. § 
Still another brother of the first named Richard is known to have resided 
in St. Olaves, i. e. Thomas Lee, draper, who was deceased in 1681, leaving 
issue, as we know by reference in will of his brother* Lancelot Lee, Citizen 
dc Fishmonger of London (by Company, but draper by trade). || 

The Admon. of Edward Lockey is also most interesting, as showing one 
of the Lockey family (perhaps a brother of that John Lockey who was 
Executor of Coh Richard's will, but^ most unfortunately, the Lockey family 
seem to baTe had an nnbusiness-like habit of dying intestate, so that we 
hare do light on the connection between themt) as settled in Virginia and 
as dying in the parish of St Catherine Creechurch in London, Comparison 
of the pedigree of the family of George Lee of this parish and their known 
connection with Stratford Langton and St. Catherine's will at once show the 
great importance of this reference. 

1645. — Humfrie Lee, Citizen & Haberdasher of London, weak in bodies 
Dated 24 Jnne, 21 Chas., 1G45; To poor of Weatham, Essex, £3; wife 
Marie Lee lands &c in psh of Christ Church, London, for life, she paying 
£20 yerely to sonne Walter Lee & with retnainder to him, also a lease I 
hold of Sr John Miller, & also lease of 8 tenmts m St. Marlins, Ludgate, 

• tn tbli connectioa the roUowing extract from the Stepney Eegistera is most suggestive : 
ISH— Mat 1— Jno Bouini Jn<> Hrtfrie of Virginia, gent, h Dorothy his wife, borne in the 
bboM of Edward Lymhcry of Lyme House nmr: the same day — {baptised}* 
t Burke's Bxtioct & Dormant Baraneiage*, ed. 1841, fo. 306, 

iltead^f Gen. Hiit. of tbe Lee F&ttiily, Mew York, 187L 
Detoent Oen. R. E. Lee of Virginia, hy Rev. F. G. Lee, D.C L.. &c., London, 1884. 
Win ofljuioelot Lee, Linen Draper, Clt. & Fistimonger of Lond., dat. 29 Mar., pro. 21 
Apt. 1681, namei bro. ThomM Lee of fioutUwark, decd,» his two cli. Lanceiot & Hester. 

P.C.C, North, 60. 
TOL. XLVL 14* 


Lee of Virginia, 


London, wch I hold from the Co. of Goldamttha, for her life, with rem, to 
tuch of her chtld. as shalbe most dutiful, & to her also the house where I 
sow dwell dtuate iu Stratford LaDgthorne, iu p«h of Westham, oo. Kaaex, 
for her life & she to dispose of same to her child, at her deoeaAe St to her 
alt household stuff with rem. to child.; to sotiue Samuetl Lee the tenmt or 
Taverae neere the Mooregate« Lond* called the SalutatioD TaTerne* where 
oue Dawes now dwelleth, be paying to hi^ mother* mj wife^ £15 jeareiy; 
so II lie Walter Lee lands in peh of St* Otaves^ Sooth work e, co. Surrey, 
called Crosse Kejes & Crosse Keyes Allie, he paying to his brother, my 
Sonne Jeremy Lee, £20 yearly for life; todau. Mary Long the lease I now 
hold of Deane <Sc Chapter of Faulls; dau. If anna Geeringe lease of 2 houses 
in Mugwell Streete, Lond. ; dau. Sarah Maiiiiige the lease I now bold of 
one Poinntarie Gulstoune; to sonoe John Lee £100 out of my Bills of 
publiq faith when ye same abalbe paid in ; grdao. Marie Sharpe the same 
bequest to be in her mother, Hanna Geeringe's, use; grchild Humfrey 
Hanige £15 out of Bills of publique faith to use of his ffather Thoo 
Maitinge; balance of estate to be div. amongst children ; sonne Walter ~ 
Executor ; all servants with me at decease 408. each ; Wit : Thomas ffo« 
Eobert Glover, John Heath & Anthony Mylle, Probate 5 Jan* 1645, 
Executor named in will. P. C. C. Twitee, 7. 


1^61 — Lee, Gnal terns Middx. Mar. 

(This from the Calendars ; unfortunately the Act Books for the year 1^6 
have perished* The two following entries however will no doubt supply all 
the information that could have been obtained from that which is lost. ) 

1666 — May 28 — CoramiBsion was issued to William Dawson, principal 
Creditor of Walter Lee, Itite of the parish of 8t Giles-in-tbe-Fields, co- 
Bliddlx., to administer &c. Mary Lee, the relict, having deceased without 
having fully administered* Former grant made iu March 1661. {Mar^ 
nai jwte referi to 1667:) P. C. C. Act Bk*, fo. 112. 

1667 — June 25 — Commisaion issued to John Lee, nat. & legit, brother 
of Walter Lee, late of the parish of St. Giles-in-tbe-Fields, deed, to 

miiaster goods &c not administered by Mary Lee the relict, to wL 

letters of admon. were issued, ^^ sic ut prefertur ina^lminbirand cnidam 
Wm r Dawson als menee Maij 1666 conceas prius revocat pront ex actis 
Curi^ Liquet, p decent."* P. C* C. Act. Bk., fo. 103. 

1667— Edward Lockey. Gilbert, Proctor of Diocese of Arch, of Can- 
terbury i&c &c to Richard Walton of parish of St Catherine Creechurcht 
London, Merchant Tailor, Greeting. Whereas Edward Lockey, late of 
Virginia in the West Indies, but in parish of St Catherine Oreechurch, 
London, deceased, was whilst be lived ^ at time of his death seized of cer- 
tain goods &c in sundry Dioceses, the said Richard Walton is empowered 
to sell all such gomls to best advantage & to make return of same to Sir 
William Merricke, Kot, Dr of Laws &c, Registrar of sd Court, dated last 
of October, 1667. 

Inventory of Edward Lockey, late of Virginia, pkuter, taken 21 Oct 
1 6G7, by Robert Jackmon, Ralph Ashen den, William Drope, Marke Wark- 

• The wording of the last part of this Act Ijolng somewhsit uausunl, it has been transcrfbed 
Tcrbfttiin. It would appear ttiat ttiia Walter Leo died abroad, perbiips In Virginia, Thli 
fact ifi not referred to In ttie {irerioos Act, altUoagU no doubt it is mcationed in Lbe &rst oot 
^iLkb Ms Aow [idiisbed. 


Lee of Virginia. 


man & William Barrett, (CbosiBts of wearing apparel I & a large qnantitj 
of tobacco yalaed at 2| '^ per pound). 

Sume totaU CCxlvj" xj' x\\ 

P, C. a Act Bk, fo. 143. 

In CDDdaeioD, the foltowiug will is ititerestiDg as sbowing a member of 
the Sbropthire family (this Gilbert was the soti of John and Joyce (Rom- 
nej) Lee of Coton & Nordley Regia) as resident at Tolleshiint Darcy in 
Eases, a few miles to the North East of Stratford Laugton, in the early 
»rt of the 17th century* To requests for permiasiou to examine the 
lle^sters of this parish, which date from 15 GO, no aoswer has as yet beeu 

1621. — Will of Gilbert Lee of Tolson Darcye, co Essex, Esq; Dat 4 
Jul J 1621; Pro. 12 Oct 1621; Names nephew Joho Lee, gent; wife 
Elirabetb Lee; friends William Herbert, Esq.* John Gough, gent, & 
Xpofer Awbrey, gent.; brothers Richard Lee & Josias Lee, gent; wife's 
daa Susan Pi got t ; nephew John Lee Executor ; Wit» Chr : Awbrey, 
George Sborte & Cardm ffantres. P. C. C. Date, 84. 

This completes the evidence now in hand, but it is the writer's intention 
to devote his earliest leisure to the careful Btody of the pedigree of the 
English family, of which he has now probably the most perfect <& fully 
corrected copy in existence, and by following out each of the cadet bratichea 
of thl« he hopes to attain that success which bas so hx failed to crown hia 
efforts in working backward from the Emigrants 

A thorough search of the Parish Registers of St. Catherine Creechurcb, 
St. Olaves Southwark, St, Giles-in-the-Fields, and perhaps others, as well 
tt an exhaustive search of the Gloucester and Worcester Probate Courts, 
Would seem to be the next step involved in the clearing up of the 
mystery which still shrouds the parentage of the Virginian Emigrant, but 
the labor and expense attendant on such a search would he so great that it 
it probable that none but a member of the family actuaJly interested would 
CM>e to undertake it. The writer has already devoted much time that ho 
could ill afford to waste on this work, but is well rewarded hy the thought 
that he has done something towards clearing the history of a gentle and 
honorable family from the cloud ol doubt thrown over its origin by the 
inconsiderate seal of those who have hap-hazarded bo wildly on the subject* 

Since the publication of the earlier paget* of this*, the writer Is in receipt ol 
lereral letters from meinhers of the family and others endorsing; and flccc?i>ting 
the conclnsloQ$i reached; one of which contains the following iiwcriptlous and 
letter, the latter an answer to the letter already printed (Meairs I^'e Family, p. 
65) from WlUiani Lee, Esq,, of London, to Dr* Harry Lee of Winchester Colle«re, 
and which gives additional weijiiht to the SNtaii^nient made (see p. *Ji>) of the 
rel&tioniihip claimed and allowed on both f^ides of the Atlantic. 

This Monument was erected to the memory of the Honourable Col* 
mas Lee (Commiiuder in Chief & President of his Majesties Council 
thia Colony, descended from the very ancient & Honourable Family of 
in Shrop-shire in England, who dyed Novemlier 14, 1750, aged 60 
years) db of the Hon' Mrs Hannah Lee, his Wife, by Philip Ludwell Lee, 
their eldest Son, as a just & duty full Tribute to so excellent a Father i& 
Mother, Patterns of conjugal virtue: they are buried eighteen Miles from 

this, in the FamUy burying place called the old * in Cople Parish 

in thia County &c &c (The rest being poetical mscription). 

* Paper torn and this word obhienit«d. 

166 Lee of Virginia. [April, 

Oa the Grave Stone: 
Here lies buryed the Honourable Col" Thomas Lee, who deed November 

14, 1750 aged 60 his loved wife M™ Hannah Lee, she dep . . . 

January 25, 1749-50, their Monument is erected iii • . . lower Church of 
WashiugtoQ Parish, in this County . * * miles above their Coauty seat 
Stratford lUlL^ 


I return you Thanks for your civil <& polite Letter & likewise my 
good Friend M*" Batson for making me known to you. 1 wish it was in my 
Power to give yon that Intelligence which you so earnestly desire of y* 
Genealogy of our F'amily. The Pedigree which my Father left behind 
him, is now in the Possession of my elder Brother which, to the best of my 
Remembrance traces our Family from the Saxon Government, As He ii 
abroad, I cannot procure it from him^ but 1 have sent to another Relation, 
who I believe has a Copy of it. As to myself, being a younger Brother, I 
never made a deep Enquiry into the Origin of our Family. As far as my 
Knowledge extends I will reveal to you. My Grandfather Tho: Lee who 
was a Barrister of Law Lincoltis Inn married a Daughter of John Eldred 
of Great Sax ham in Norfolk, from which Alliance I'm related to William 
of Wykehain. He left several children, the eldest was my Father — another 
Son who settfd in Wiltahire & has left Children behind him. The Third 
a Clergyman who had Issue but are now dead. The Heir to the Lee ta 
Wiltshire is a young Mao in the Army. He has two Brothers & several 
Sisters. The Second is a Linen Draper in London, & the youngest is now 
at School here & upon the Foundation, as a Founder kinsman. He is one 
of the Senior Boys of the School, <& I hope will soon succeed to New 
College in Oxford. My own Family are numerous One Brother & Seven 
Sisters who are married &, dispersed* As soon as I can get a perfect 
Account of our Family you shall hear from me. In the mean Time, if you 
shouM have a Desire of seeing your young Relation whom you have been 
BO kind as to send to Winchester School, you will make my Wife &, Me 
extremely happy by favouring us with your Company. You may depend 
upon it, I fib all noi fail paying my Respects to you the iirst Time I go to 
London. My Brothers Wife is now with me, she leaves me Friday next 
in order to go to her Husband. He gives but a very indifferent Accouul 
of himself in his Letters. I shall desire my Sister to communicate the 
Contents of your Letter to him* We are not related to the Earl of Litch- 
field. There is a Doctor Lee in London, a Physician, & Fm informed beara 
our Arms^ whether he is related to us or not, I know not My Sister k 
Wife join in Comp^^ to youj with 

Dear Sir 
Your most obedient Servant 

Win; Coll: Sept' 12. 1771. & Kinsman {signed) Haebt Le^* 

{Direction) William Lee Esq' 

Great Tower hill 
Sealed with arms of Lee of Langley (with 10 billets). 

(Endorsed) Winchester 1771 Dr Harry Lee Sept, 12*" Rec^ Sept 15* 
Answ*^ fully Oct 26. 177L Paid Pos. /3 enU P. B. fol 21. In answer to 
mine of the S**^ ab' our Family <Sb his alliance to W™ of Wykeham. 

• Copied from an old paper in a fragmentary condition lo the band-writing of Bidurd 
Henry Lee, wltbout dat« butsoppoied to be about 17&& or ibereaboata. 

1892,] Marriages of East Parish^ Bridgewater^ Mass, 167 


From March 4, 1725, to Augost 3, 1803, 

Bj the Rev. John Angler (eettled 1724, died April 14, 17B7), and the Key. Samnol 
Angicr, his son and colle&gue (settled 1767|dieil Jan. 18, \W5), 

Commanicated hy the Her. Hbnat F* Jbkxs, A.M., of Cnnron, Mhm., frorn the ortgin&l 

manuficnpt in the poMOuioii of Miss Mary H. Rii^^t, uf East Brldgewater, 

great-great^grftnildaiigbter of the Eev. Johti Angier* 


fConcladed iVonj page 67.1 

Febty. 15th. — Joseph Keith ye 2d & Betsey Sherman, both of Bridgwater. 

Febry. 20th. — Asa Forrest of Halifax & Susa Mitchell of Bridgwater. 

Mardi Ht. — Ephraim Tinkham of Middleborongh k Molly Guriiey of 
Bridgwater. [water. 

March 20th- — Samuel Whitman, Junr, & Hannah Egertoti, both of Bridg- 

April 3d. — Turner Phillips & Huldah Whitman, both of Bridgwater* 

April 5th. — Betijamin Tajler & Martha Childs, both of Bridgwater. 

May 17th. — Oliver Pratt & Susanna Lowdeu, both of Bridgwater. 

Joiie 21st, — ^Dyer Robinson ^ Abigail Stetson, both of Bridgwater. 

Ai^st 23d. — Jacob Pool, Junr. of Abington & Zeruiah Wbitmarsh of 
/September 20th. — Jonah Besse & Eunice %Vaahburn, both of Bridgwater. 

"Novbr. Ist.— Seth Allen Whitmati & Philebert WhitmaD, both of Bridg- 

Novbr. 1 5th. — Benjamin Pinchin & Molly Stetson, both of Bridgwater, 

Kovbr. 22d. — Daniel Ciiahing & Zeroiah Chamberlain, both of Bridgwatefp 
Carry 'd to the Towu Clerk to be recorded, Janry. 8th. 1788* 

Janry. 10th- — Seth Giirney and Rebecca Packard, both of Bridgwater. 
Febry. 20th. — James Lincoln of Cohasset in the County of Suffolk <& Nabby 

Milchel of Bridgwater. 
March I7th,^ — Alexander Terril & Lydia Bryant, both of Bridgwater. 
March 27th. — ^Nathan Whitman & Mercy Byram, both of Bridgwater* 
April 3d, — Timothy Allen ^ Celia Whitman, both of Bridgwater. 
iiar Hth. — William Harris Sc Alice Mitcbel, both of Bridgwater. 
July 10th, — Isaac Allen of Bridgwater & ye Widow Susanna Allen of 

Brooktield. [water. 

July 23d. — Josiah Parris of Pembroke & Experience Lowden of Bridg- 
OctobV 7th. — Ebenezer Whitman, Junr. & Lydia Whitman, both of 

OctobV. 1 6. — George Byram & Phebe Randal, both of Bridgwater. 
OctobV. 22d. — Solomon Johnson & Sally Robinson* both of Bridgwater. 
KoTbr. 25. — Israel Cowing of Scituate & Rebecca Wade of Bridgwater. 
Cfliry'd to ye Town Clerk to be recorded, April 7t 1780* 

April 2d. — Joel Edaon & Hannah Packard, both of Bridgwater, 
April 1 6th. — Benjamin Strowbridge of Middleborougb, & Elisabeth Whit- 
man of Bridgwater. 

168 Marriages of East Parish^ Bridgewaier^ Mass. [April, 

April 23d.— Mark Phillips, Janr. & Celia Chamberlain, both of Bridg- 

Sept 10th.— Nathan Bates of Abington & BeUy Allen of Brid^ater. 

Sept 24th.— Daniel Bryant of Watertown & Jennit Mitchell of Bridg- 

Octob'r. 20th.— William Keith, Jnnr. & Abigail Rnssel, both of Bridgwater. 

Novbr. 5th. — Noah Hobart of Abington & Deborah Winalow Thomas of 

Decembr. 3l8t — ^Israel Bailey & Lucy Whitman, both of Bridgwater. 
Carry'd to ye Town Clerk to be recorded, April 19th, 1790. 

May 13th.— Noah Packard of Dartmouth & Polly Packard of Bridgwater. 
June 10th. — Noah Bamsdale of Abington & Hittie.Whitmarsh of Bridg- 

Jane 16th. — Oakes Whitman d; Susanna Barrell, both of Bridgwater. 
August 9 th. — Samuel Rogers & Betty AUen, both of Bridgwater. 
Sept 13th. — Lather Hatch of Hanover & Molly Whitman of Bridgwater. 
Novbr. 23d.— Winslow Thomas & Polly Cole, both of Bridg?rater. 
Decembr. 9th. — John Porter 2d & Sasa Groves, both of Bridgwater. 


Janry. 25th.— William Soul of Halifax & Rachel Dillingham of Bridg- 
water, [water. 

Janry. 27th. — Benjamin Harris, Janr. & Sarah Mitchel, both of Bridg- 

March 22d. — Reuben Tomson & Eunice Whitman, both of Bridgwater. 

March 24th. — Barzee Kingman & Molly Phillips, both of Bridgwater. 

April 14th. — Jacob Mitchel & the Widow Jerusha Latham, both of Bridg- 

Carry'd to the Town Clerk, to be recorded April 23d, 1791. 

June 13th. — Oliver Mitchel & Armelia Gannett, both of Bridgwater. 

August 1st — Seth Byram & Matilda Whitman, both of Bridgwater. 

Sept 29th. — David Byram & Lucy Randal, both of Bridgwater. 

Octobe'r 26th. — George Briggs of Norton & Elisabeth Whitman of Bridg- 

Novbr. 1 4th. — David Howard & Rebecca Whitman, both of Bridgwater. 

and also Timothy Allen & ye Widow Betty Keith, both of Bridgwater. 

Novbr. 17th. — Zenas Whitman & Sally Allen, both of Bridgwater. 


March 12th. — Henry Thomberry Smith & Priscilla Brown, both of Bridg- 

March 16th. — Libeus Washburn of Plymton & Alice Keith of Bridgwater. 
Carry'd to y* Town Clerk to be recorded, April 26th, 1792. 

May 3d. — Thomas Snell & Susanna Allen, both of Bridgwater. 

May I7th. — Daniel French & Rhoda Tribou, both of Bridgwater. 

July 4th. — Josiah Keen & Hannah Whitman, both of Bridgwater. 

Octob'r. 22d. — John Boyd of New York & Jane Orr of Bridgwater. 

Novbr. Ist — Zenas Keith & Jane Cary, both of Bridgwater. 

Novembr. 29th. — John Quincy Keith & Mary Hudson, both of Bridgwater. 


Janry. 2 Ist — Josiah Johnson, Junr. & Olive Orcutt, both of Bridgwater. 

Febry. 7th. — Thomas Hearsey of Abington & Deborah Pool of Bridg- 

fc] Marriages ofJSast Pariah^ Btidgewater^ Mass. 169 

Febry« Idth.-^OQathan Kingmaa^ Judf. & Mebitabel Hodaoni both of 

Carry'd to y* Town Clerk to be recorded, April 27 th, 179a. 
AagQBt 22d, — John Lowden & Susanna Clark, both of Bridgwater. 
Aogust 27tb.^ — Bela Reed & PoOy Beal, both of Bridgwater. 
Sept- 12tb.— Seth Keith & Molly Keith, both of Bridgwater. 
Sept- 26 th, — By ram Lazell <Sc Jennit Wesley, both of Bridgwater. 

Jaory lat, — Lot Kamadel & Lucinda Gannet, both of Bridgwater. 
Febry. 24tb. — ^Jarib White of Amherst in ye County of Ilamshire & Rath 

Sbearman of Bridgwater, in ye County of PJymoutb* 

Carry'd to ye Town Clerk to he recorded. May 2d, 1794. 
May 29th. — Silas Shaw of Kludge in New Hampshire & Lucy White of 

June 4ih. — Johu Terril Jiior. & Rhoda Smith, both of Bridgwater, 
JiiDe llth.^ — Mr. Nahum Mitchell & Nabby LazelK both of Bridgwater, 
July 3d. — Calvin Keith & Bethia Stetson^ hoih of Bridgwater. 
July 17th, — South worth Waabhuru & Rebecca Bisbee, both of Bridgwater, 
Aagast lltb. — Rodolphus Kinsley of Stoughton & Salome Gary of Bridg- 


also Asahel Ailen & Rhoda Tilaoti, both of Bridgwater, 
Sept, 30th, — Johu Loriug of Turuer & Jeiinett Barrel I of Bridgwater. 
Ociobr, 20th. ^ James Lamherton of Ware in ye County of Hamahire, & 

Hannah ChambeHain of Bridgwater* 
NoTbr.^ Gth.— Isaac Alden ye 2d tSc Ruth Byram, both of Bridgwater. 
Decbr. 4th*— Jacob Louden & Susanna Phillips, both of Bridgwater, 

March 5th, — Ezra WhitmaDT Junr. & Eunice Allen, both of Bridgwater* 
March 17th. — Zebulon Allen & Priscilla Attwood, both of Bridgwater. 

Cany'd to the Town Clerk, April 3d, 17U5, 
April 2Dth. — John Harris & Eunice Young, both of Bridgwater, 
Sept. 1st. — Harlow Harden & Sarah Stetson, both of Bridgwater. 
Sept- 3d- — William Pool of Bridgwater & Sarah Packard of Abiiigton. 
Kovbr, 12tb. — Eleazar Keith & ye widow Susanna Keitli, both of Bridg- 
water- [water* 
Norbr. 19th. — Joseph Thayer of Stonghton & Sarah Richards of Bridg- 
Deoembr. 31st. — Ebenezer Noyes of Ablngton & Betty Ramsdel of Bridg- 


Jmry. 2l8t- — Abel Delano of Pembroke & Deborah Pinchiu of Bridg- 
Janfy. 26th- — David Allen «fe Rachel Dunbar^ both of Bridgwater. 
also William Bonney & Molly Dunbar, both of Bridgwater. 
Febry. 9th. — Stephen SnelJ & Patty Cole, both of Bridgwater. 
Marc^ 3d.^ — Whitcom Stetson of Abingtoii & Lncy Suell of Bridgwater. 
March 10th. — Allen Latham of Bridgwater & Jannett Dunbar of Halifax. 
March 24tb, — Timothy Bailey & Anna Whitman, both of Bridgwater, 
March 80th, — Isaac Allen & Meiilda Pratt, both of Bridgwater, 

Return 'd to ye Clerk, April 23d, 1796. 
Jttly 18lh. — Abishai Stetson & Alice Allen, both of Bridgwater, 
SepL 8th« — Barza Allen Ha Johanna Bonney, both of Bridgwater* 

170 Marriages ofSaH Parish j BridgemUwr^ Mas$. [April, 

Novbr. 7th. — Eera Whitman & Thankful Freelore, both of Bridgwater. 
Decembr. 15th. — Zenas Mitchell & Nabbj Washburn, both of Bridgwater. 

March 15th. — Cyrus Edson & Hannah Hudson, both of Bridgwater. 
April 4th. — Josiah James & Jenny Pegin, both of Bridgwater — Indians. 

N.B. I marry'd the above named Josiah James & Jenny Pegin in ye 

Presence of two white People, & a number of Negroes & Indians. 
April 18th. — Jacob Washburn & Ruth Shaw, both of Bridgwater. 

Returned to ye Clerk, April 28th, 1797. 
June 1st — David Churchell, Junr. & Molly Hearsey, both of Bridgwater. 
June 28tfa. — David French & Rachel Hanks, both of Bridgwater. 
July 3d. — Lieut Ebeneser Cutler of Western in ye County of Worcester, & 

Mrss. Cynthia Sylvester Bonney of Bridgwater in ye County of Plymouth. 
August 31st — Oliver Hay ward & Anna Washburn, both of Bridgwater. 
Sept 28th. — Sylvester Briggs of Norton & Leah Whitman of Bridgwater. 
Novbr. 30th. — William Vinton & Mary Alden, both of Bridgwater. 
Decembr. 25 th. — Mr. John Skinner of Boston & Miss Rebecca McClench 

of Bridgwater. 

1798. [water. 

Janry. 29 th. — Benjamin Pinchin Junr. & Polly Whitting, both of Bridg* 

March 1st — Isaac Lothrop, Junr. of Easton & Celia Keith of Bridgwater. 

April 1 6th. — John Alden & Debby Robinson, both of Bridgwater. 
Retum'd to ye Clerk, June 4th, 1798. 

May 31st. — David Snow Whitman of Bridgwater & Ruth Stetson of Pem- 
broke, [water. 

August SOth. — Eli Blanchard of Abington & Deborah Harden of Bridg* 

October 22d. — Theodore Mitchel & Ruhama Newton, both of Bridgwater. 

October 24th. — Ezra Alden & Abigail Vinton, both of Bridgwater. 

Novbr. 22d. — James Johnson, Junr. & Sally Washburn, both of Bridg- 
water, [water. 

Decembr. 20th. — John Crocker of Pembroke & Polly Smith of Bridg- 
Retum'd to ye Clerk, March 26th, 1799. 

May 2d. — Uriah Brett & Nanny Robinson, both of Bridgwater. 
July 16th. — Seth Beals of Pembroke & Thirza Hatch of Bridgwater. 
July 25th. — Nathaniel Clift & Abigail Byram, both of Bridgwater. 
August 29th. — Joseph Hearsey, Junr. of Abington & Sarah White of 

Sept 17th. — John Willet of Abington & Lovisa Hatch of Bridgwater. 
Sept 19th. — Levi Churchill of Plymton & Cynthia Packard of Bridge 

Novbr. 14th. — Rev'd. William Briggs of Kittery <& Miss Betsy Hudson of 

Novbr. 14th. — Joseph Smith, Junr. & Eunice Muxam, both of Bridgwater. 
Novbr. 14th. — Achish Pool & Susanna Hearsey, both of Bridgwater. 


Janry. 8th. — Henry Munro, Junr. of Halifax & Deborah Delano of Bridg- 

Febry 24th. — Zephaniah Howard & Jennet Latham, both of Bridgwater. 

April 14th. — Seth Latham & ye Widow Elisabeth Hanks, both of Bridg- 
Retum'd to ye Clerk, May 6th, 1800. 

Ip] Marriages of East Parish^ Btidgewater^ Mass. 171 

Sept. 9th. — John Keitb, Junr. & Mehitable Kekh, both of Bridgwater* 
Sept. 2^th. — John Win net of Abington & Susiinna lirown of Bridgwater. 
Deoembr. llth.— Levi Thomas ol Pembroke & Ljdia Thomas uf Bridg- 


May 21 St. — Melvin Holmes of Halifax ^ Ilannah Wade of Bridgwater. 

Jane 4th.^ — William Barrel, Junr, & Huldah Bisbee, both of Bridgwater. 

Jaly IbU — David Keith » Junr. & Lyilia AUkn, both of Bridgwater. 

Si^L 30th — Samuel Wood & Debb)* Sherly, both of Bridgwater. 

OctobV. 6th« — Nehemiah Latham & Han nab Allen, both of Bridc^water. 

OctobV. 27tb.^ — Samuel Pratt French & Olive Read, both of Bridgwater. 

NoTembr. 9th. — Leiut. Bradford Mitchell St Meribab Keen, both of Bridg- 

Novembr. 2$tb. — ^Mr. Bartholomew BrowD & Miss Betsey Lazell^ both of 


Janry. 13th» — Solomoo Hearsey, Junr. & Sylvia Gurney, both of Bridg- 

Febry. lOth, — Alpbeus Orcutt of Bridgwater & Mercy Prati of Pembroke. 

Febry. 17th, — Barsa Allen & Lucy Baldwin, both of Bridgwater, 

ICarch 4th. — Comfort Carpenter Dresser of Chester in ye Stale of VeroiODt, 
&r Celia Wade of Bridgwater* 

Bettiraed to ye Clerk, April 26th, 1802. 

N, B. The marriages consummated by me for this year, being few 
in Noinber were not returned to yo Town Clerk, until April 26th in ye 
year 1802; & were theu relurn'd vvith ye marriages consummated by 
me ID 1802, prior to that date, April 26th. 

April 28tb. — Ichabod Keith & Susanna Robinson, both of Bridgwater, 
Jaly 9tb« — Elihu Stephens & Susa Foy, both of Bridgwater; mulatto 

AtigQ5t 1 6th. — Charles Keen & Celia Mitchell, both of Bridgwater, 
Sept. 1 6th, — Mr* Moses Noyea of Providence &; Miss Hannah Whitman of 

NoTbr 4th. — Mr. Daniel Howard, M^ & Miss Sasanna Kiiigmati, both of 

Novbr. 13th. — Cyrus Gary of Claremont Sc Nabby Keith of Bridgwater, 
KoTbr« 25th. — ^Leiut. Galen Latham & Susanoa Keith, both of Bridgwater. 


March 7lh« — Simeon Jones of Pembroke tSc Susanna Washburn of Bridg- 

March 24th. ^ — Bartholomew Trow & Mary Washburn, both of Bridgwater. 

April 4th. — William Vinton & Nabby Otis, both of Bridgwater. 

April 14th* — Isaac Read <& Sally Stetson^ both of Bridgwater. 

Jtme 23d* — John Harden, Junr. & Jenny Stetson, both of Bridgwater. 
Returned to ye Clerk, June 29th, 1803. 

August 3d. — Jacob Bicknel, Junr. of Abiugton & Hitty White of Bridg- 

Retum'd to ye Qerk, Oct. 4th, 1804. 
TOI» XLVI. 15 

172 Original Documents. [April, 

ORIGINAL DOCUMENTS, 1677 to 1761. 

Communicated by William Johk Pottb, Baq^ of Camdeii» N. J. 

The originals of the following papers are in the possession of 
Mr. Henry Grew of " Woodlands," near Boston, who has kindly 
allowed them to be copied. 


^ The Testimony of Benj* Gillam & William Phips nei^bonrs to Thomas 
Smith, Sen' Testifieth & saith that y* said Smith dayley lives in a disorder- 
ly frame of port that is to say he is continually drunk & mad & in his 
drunkeness & madnes abuseth all his neighbours in very scurlious Lan- 
guage & actions & espesiolly his pore wife & family in tumeing his wiffe 
out of dears in his drunken carrier late in the night takeing hir whome 
& not sufering hir to come in a doars all night forceing hir to ly by y* neigh- 
bours fire all night & as for his family he takes no care for their main- 
tananoe & his sons that are wiling to worke & takes them of their 
employment, which if thes things are cultivated his neighbours must still 
be abused his family suffer & in a short time com to the town for maintanoe 

August 21 : 1677 Benj* Gillam 

William Phips 

Jonathan Balston Sen' & Witt Hollowell testifieth to the above written — 

Witnes our hands taken upon the oathes of the sev'll p'tyes 
21. 6. 77 before mee Jonathan Balston 

William holowell 
Simon Bradstreet Assist 

[Endorsed on the back in Bradstreet's handwriting] ^ test agst Smyth " 


<< I Pilgrim Simkins Testifie that I Quartered in Thomas Leitchfeild*s 
House and I asked him the reason why he did not go home to his wife 
seeing that she is redeemed out of Captivity and is now at Boston he said 
also that he would come to rozbury and Devorce himselfe from his former 
wife Mary Leitchfeild and Live wth his Last wife he also owned that he hsd 
a Child by her. 

Swome in Bostone June 6^ 1 685 
before John Joyliffe Comiss' 


** A List of the Prisoners now In Custody 

To Aprill Court 1714 
Edward HUl 
Isaaic CI ace 
Simon Bale 
for Debt John Read 

George Boin [or Born ?] 
Jn* Venning 
Greo: Davison 
Hen: Sutton 

PraU and Trerice. 


George Burrell J To their good behaviour 

Sam" Cooke i w f 

3n^ WhittiDg \ °^^^^^^ ^^ P^P^*^ "^^""^ 

Pet' Gnm& I theft 

S^nh Walker < Suspicion of murder 

So Smith Keeper 
[The above paper is endorsed twice on the back] ** A Liat of Prisooen/* 

Suffolk, ss. 

[Seal] Be it Remembered, that on the SOth Day of May 1761 iu the 
first Year of his Majesty's Reign, 

Barthsheba Roach of Boston was convictetl before roe, One of His 
Majesty's Justice of the Peace for the County of Suifolk^ of ufterin^ one 
profiUie Curse. 

Given uoder my Hand actd Seal, the Day and Year aforesaid at Boston, 

John Phillips'^ 

There is another manuscript ali*o in the possession of Mr* Grew, 
too long for me to copy, of wiiich I toak a brief riiemnrandum* 
''Jonathan Waders Answers to Major Gcn^ Daniel Gotikin*a reasons 
of Appeale from the Judgemetit of the County Court at Charleston 
held Dee'' 1682," Three and a half folio pages. This refers inci- 
dentally to a previous judgment of the case in 1677 or 1678* At 
the present time (August, 1891), my recollection is, this case was 
ibout a oegro slave of Daniel Gookin'a, 


By William S. Apfleton^ A.M., of Bo&toii, Mask, 

I co»fMUNlCATED to the Rb:gistkk fov January, 18l)4, a short 
paper vrith this title, to M'hich I wish now to odd a few facts. As 
to Abraham Pratt, it is only to put on record that the late Rev, 
Henry M. Dexter found at Amsterdam his marriage to Jane Charter, 
14 April, 1612, he from London, she from Salisbury. (Proceod- 
iiiga Mass. Hist. Soc. for June, 1890,) As to Nicholas Trerice, I 
We tried to bring together every genealogical item, in the hope of 
learning if the family is now extant or extinct. 

1, Nicholas* Therice, undoubtedly of Cornish origin^ was admitted an 
ii I habitant of Charles town in 1636; hiid wife Rebecca; was Captoin 
of the ** Planter,*' whicfi hmught many immigrants to New Eng- 
land j died in 1652; she married secondly, 6 December, 1665, 

174 LeitevB of William Roteh. [April, 

Thomas Lynde of Charlestown, and died 8 December, 1688. Chil- 

i. Elizabeth, b. ; m. Thomas Kemble of Charieatown and Boa- 
ton ; d. 19 December, 1712 ; he d. 29 Janoary, 1689. 

li. Rebecca, b. in 1636; m. 22 May, 1656, Thomas Jenner of Chariea- 
town ; d. 23 September, 1722 ; he d. in England in 1686. 
2. ill. John, b. at Charlestown, 26 May, 1639. 

iv. Sarah, b. ; m. 10 Augnst, 1666, John Gkxwe of Chaziestown; 

d. In November, 1686. 

y. Samuel, b. at Wobnm, 7 May, 1648 ; undoubtedly d. yonng. 

2. John* Trerice {Nicholas^), b. at Charlestown, 26 May, 1639; m. d 

September, 1 663, Hannah, daughter of Thomas Lynde of Carles- 
town; d. before 1679, and she m. secondly, 12 Decenoiber, 1679, 
James Kelling of Charlestown, and d. 30 December, 1690. Chil- 
dren, born at Charlestown : 

i. Hannah, b. 2 March, 1665; m. 30 June, 1696, William Austin of 

8. 11. Nicholas, b. I March, 1669. 

ill. John, b. 10 March, 1671 ; m. 22 January, 1708, Dorothy, daughter of 

Stanton, widow of Nicholas Lynde of Charlestown. 

iv. Rebecca, b. in 1673. 

3. Nicholas' Trerice (John* NiehoUu^)^ b. at Charlestown, 1 Maroh» 

1669; m. Hannah ; lived at Boston. Children, bom at 

Boston : 

i. John, b. 7 March, 1695. 
11. Nicholas, b. 18 April, 1702. 

I have found nothing more relating to the family. What became of it? 


Commanicated by the late Frbdbrick C. Santord, Esq., of Nantucket, Mass. 

An autobiography of William Roteh of New Bedford, Mas8.» 
was printed in the Reoisteb (vol. 31, pp. 262-4; vol. 32, pp. 
36-42, 151-5, 271-4, and 389-94). Articles from the appendix 
to the manuscript were printed in vol. 33, pp. 305-7, and vol. 34, 
pp. 304-8. The following extracts from Mr. Rotch's letters are 
also from the appendix. 

Dunkirk, 1 m* 25*, 1792. 
Dear Son Samuel Rodman, 

« « * * « I expect we shall be able to import wheat for 
our flour & br^ for our next outfit to advantage, but cannot now determine. 
Sugar and molasses are now at enormous prices, more on account of the 
devastation in the West Indies, than the depreciation in the paper money; 
the same causes must operate in America. A little pamphlet lately pub- 
lished in £ng^, entitled " An address to the people of 6. Britain on the 
propriety of abstaining from the use of W. I. sugar and mm " (which I 

1892.] Letters of William Rotch, 175 

doubt not has ere now reached America) has bad ao powerful an eflTect on 
our {amity (servants excepted) if on the principles of humanity only, as to 
cause us wholly to renounce that luxury (siigar of W. Indies). It is true 
tb6 coffee and tea, apple pie^ and pudding went down not quite so easy, 
hot on my part with no reluctance, the object considered. 

We have just got IC. of K. India sugar fr. London at the price of 1 15/ 4* 
per cwt, a noble price surely^ yet it sold next day at 148/ but we must 
take Cousin Caleb's method in apples! su^ar must cost our family no more 
than tisQal. The subject of the Slave trade will be again brot. before 
ParliamcDt, with considerable additional advocates for its abolition, but I 
doubt Its obtaining at this time, though I thinke the cup of iniquity must 
be near full, probably the longer it is permitted, t!ie greater will the 
vengeatice be when it is pourc^d out. I do sincerely wish it may be pre- 
Tented by a timely abstaifdng from so horrid a crime. The Sierra Leone 
eiteibltahment ia going Jbrward^ with a determined step to do what can be 
done (with) great expectations of facilitating the object by the grant made 
of 20 sq. miles by King Naimbauna, and his disposition wiih that of on© 
of his sons (24 years of age, whom he has sent to Eng*., and placed under 
the care of Granville Sharp for his educjition) to abolish the inhuman 
traffic for men. At the conclusion of his letter to G» Sharp the king 
•ays, ** My son — I hope you will take care of him^ and let him have his 
own Ways in nothing, but what you think right, yourself/* I have not 
beard whether the embarkation of any has yet taken place, I would send 
thee the Report of the Court of Directors to the Sierra Leone Co,, if it 
iras oot loo bulky for the Post to Havre, but intend ordering one to thee 
from London by the Spni?g ships- It appears that tbia establitibment has 
^ven some alarm to the W. L proprietors, who bad laid a plan to render 
the whole abortive, which was, an intention to purchase more than half the 
tbareft, but happily this combination was discovered before any part of it 
▼as put in execution, and measures adopted by the Comp' for no proprietor 
to be admitted, unless be were known to l>e a firm friend to the oaute. 
These circumstances have occasioned a great number of families to relin- 
quish their W. I. sugar, and some all sugar. 

Religion, humanity and inability from present exorbitant prioe (are the 
eauAes of this). 

Such are the exertions of ao large a body of the community, that I think 
the downfall of slavery has alrett-dy made a great march* and it must ere 
long give way on all sides* May this happy day break forth, through 
conviction in those so deeply dyed with the blood of those p<x>r victims, 
nUier than with the iron ro<l now in so many instances exercised by the 
oppreesed over the oppressor in St, Domingo, where such tragic scenes 
on all sides are exhibited, as to make nature revolt at the recital* I must 
DOW return to business, having digressed further than I intended, after 
adding that 3 or 4000 troops are sent from this kingdom to quell the in- 
tnrreclion, which I believe will be of little use. • ♦ • ♦ 

We fully approve of thy purchase of the brig of Sampson, and the new 
hull for the materials of the Sally, as welLas thy sending men after live 
oak and red cedar. Thee nee^ls no apology among us, as we all mean to 
act in our distant situations on one principle, that is, the general benefit 
I wish ^x^ry attention paid to seasoning the timber of the new ship. She 
will be large and costly. I have already desired that she may be set up 
with as much timber, as can be placed upon her and that she may stand 
twelve months without a plank upon her. The streaks marked out iftpon 

176 Letter9 of William Rotoh. [April, 

the timbers, and the holes bored long before planking. This will be a 
novelty, but I know it can be done, and the carpenter mast be paid for it, 
as likewise for any loss upon the plank. Get 2 or 3000 ft more of out 
board plank than the vessel will take, which may prevent a loss in width. 
Giving opp^ for the timbers to season will also give more time to get the 
best of plank both oak and pine. I wish thee to get live oak transoms, 
apron &c as well as the top. ♦♦♦*♦♦• 

Thy account of the illness of Thomas' child was followed by letters from 
both W°* and Thos. giving an account of its dissolution. The accoant was 
affecting to us all, but to me more from the agony it suffered than from its 
removal. I was glad both Thos. and Charity were favored with so much 
fortitude and resignation in so trying circumstances. Intend writing them 
ere long. ♦ ♦ * • &c. &c 

Dunkirk, 1* mo. 80^ 1792. 

Dear Son Sam' Rodman, 

• *«•«« ^g ^Q ^g^i^l to purchase 2 ships for Obed Fitch & 
O. Paddock in lieu of the Maria and the Falkland, we shall want all oar 
money from these two voyages and a part of the Hope's when she may 
arrive to answer that purpose, together with the outfit of our six vessels 
viz.: Canton, New Ship of Bester, 2 now to be purchased, Hope and Pene- 
lope, if they arrive safe, all which we are now making provision for. 
Thou must draw in sterling if Anthony cannot sell livres, but hope they 
will be able to furnish thee in that line, as I am very unwilling to draw 
sterling, but let no person be put off when time of payment arrives. ♦ * ♦ 

I have written to Thomas and W"*, countermanding the circulation of 
50,000 livres, lest a change in currency arise, and make a loss rather than 
a profit. Whether the last 50,000 livres was on that plan or for thy use, 
I do not rightly understand from their letter, nor is it material which way 
it goes ; if remitted in st'g it will turn to good account, and if for thy use 
will be equally so. * * * I shall now direct them to draw the whole 
50,000, if needed for thy use, but to omit purchasing the vessel for I think, 
under the circumstances of St Domingo, vessels will be sold cheaper in 
this country than in America • • ♦ • ♦ 

I intended to have enlarged considerably on other matters, not relative 
to business, of which I am often wearied, but knowing communications of 
this kind are in our present state necessary, I submit to it with a degree of 
cheerfulness. * ♦ * * ♦ 

What is most perplexing is to keep watch of the wretched paper money 
to avoid loss. I have reason to be glad of my invariable resolution to get 
what surplus of money we had into England, as soon as I could until it 
reached 32 ; we have now JE)6000 there. 

I say I intended to have enlarged, but was interrupted (not disagreeably) 
by a sensible, valuable young man from the S' of Finance who is oar 
frequent visitor, who has left the Religion he was educated in, acknowledg- 
ing to the truth in many respects, and I hope will see through some things 
that are now veiled. Being late in the evening, I conclude with united 
love to you all. Thy affectionate father, 


p. S. 31st, 8 in the morning. 

It i8 with satisfaction, I may inform thee of the safe arrival in the Roads 
of the Canton — all well. 

Letters of William Roick, 


Dunkirk, 2mo. 11 th, 1792. 

Dear Son Sam^ Rfwlman, 

• • « » I g^Qj gi^^ i\^2ii thoti hast sent and art aenditig U8 so much 
beef, aay 130 bbls. pr Canton and 90 tatended pr Ospray. This article 
miut be attended to next fall, if we are to continue the tishery. Pork as I 
before wrote to thee, can be procured here to advantage, under the present 
%XaXm of the assignats. We have agreed for all we want for the 6 vessels 
® 6f long, in paper» which is not more than 2/ 4 atg in real money. • ♦ ♦ ^ 

llie oil, pr. Max field, came just right for us to make a good advantage 
in laying it out here, and if there bad been more it wouhi have been equalJy 
BO« but let not this prompt thee to further specntaiiona, unless in Mexican 
oils, that can he strained to advantage; as the crisis of the stand'' or fall' 
of this ConstirutiotJ is probably at hand, therefore a time that reqtiires 
caotioQ. I do not wonder that the king*s acceptance of the Coni^titution 
was atteoded with pleasing sensations to you; it had the effect on us, but 
tb^ were soon alloyed by the preparations for attack on this kingdom by 
the ex-princes, nobles and clergy, aided openly or secretly hy almost all the 
powers of Europe, religion and civil liberty being poisonous to despots. 
Aq attack, I believe, will be made in the spring. Time will determine the 
event. The present encouragement in the Fishery from the advanced 
price in oil and bone, wliich is really advantageous, so far as the money 
can be appropriated to the produce of this kingdom, determines \\n to keep 
steadily on, and keep all our interests insured in England, until an altera- 
tion in the government more favorable. We have just purchased a ship at 
Ha^e, for Op Fitch, of about 250 to 280 tons, for 29,250 livres. Sire will 
cost at sea probably 45,000 {the vessel complete for whaling). She is 
good and sound, only 7 yrs. old, built with fine timber at Havre. If ^he 
doea not exceed 45,000 will be very cheap. * * ♦ * We are looking for 
Eootiier at the same place for O. Paddock. These two to replace the 
Maria and Falkland and use up assignats, these last too bad to remit to 
London^ We have now about 60,000 due for bounty; the decree not yet 
passed but the money ready for payment. If the Hope should come in 
fbll, I think, with what we have added to that voyage would purchase these 
two ships and fit the whole six out completely, and insure them * • * * 
II the Penelope comes in safe, perhaps her earnings may be appropriated to 
some speculations here to lay by * * * * If thou canst not be supplied 
by livres* then thou must draw st*g for absolute necessity, but put no man 
off to whom we may owe money ♦ • • * ifec. 

Dunkirk, 3 m*. 2*, 1792. 
Dear Son Samuel Rodman, 

My last was to the 18 & 20tb ult% via London, since which have rec"* 
Done from thee. As I know that after receiving accot' of the late riots and 
destmction, in part, of several houses &c. in this place you will be anxious 
to know our situation since that period ; w© have been entirely quiet ever 
tioce, by the awe of a strong military force, and probably shall remain so 
as long as the pretended cause ceases, that is, the exportation of corn, but 
as it is expected that will again take place to supply the want of the South, 
it is apprehended it will again be made a pretext for devastation ^ plunder^ 
Ee volutions from a state of despotism to liberty gene rally, I believe, have 
the same effects in all countries. When that liberty, which is the right of 
man is obtained, it commonly is much abused, and degenerates for a time 
into licentiousness with its frequent production of a levelling principle, 

178 IfotBM and Queries. [April, 

which often tenninates in plander. Everything around as wears a gloomy 
aspect Anarchy or war seem, in the view of many, the altematiYes, both 
dreadfhl in their operations. We have thns far been favoured to remain 
unmolested, and hope we may be preserved with stability and fortitude 
sufficient for the day, but trials I apprehend will attend. 

The Canton will probably be ready to sail in 4 or 5 days. The ** Penn," 
O. Fitch, at Havre going on as the unfavourable weather will admit. Hiis 
ship is a good parchase, and I think complete for whaling. As a ship she 
will not stand us in more than 45 or 47,000 livres, a little more than 
£1000 st'g Ezch'g. being now 45. Yesterday I received aoct. of sales 
ttom Homburg*8 nt p^ 24601-15, a good price by appropriating the money 
to the Penn, but very poor if to be remitted in sterling WB». •♦♦♦♦• 

iSeal now first used by 
g. g. father all his life. 



Wter and Brackenburt. — ^Wyman's ** Genealogies and Estates of Charles- 
town ** contains so much matter relating to the Wyer family (to which I had 
myself previously made some contribution in the Register for 1871), that I 
wish to put in print a few facts which add something to the account found in 
Wyman's work. 

WiLUAM Wter, 13 in Wyman's record, had four sons, who are barely named 
there, having removed from Charlestown. 

1. William, b. 26 February, 1736; m. at Newbury, 29 January, 1761, Maiy 

Greenough. Children, bom at Newburyport : 
i. Sarah, b. 18 April, 1766; d. 14 February, 1791. 

ii. William, b. 3 July, 1768; m. 1 January, 1791, Elizabeth Wood; d. at 

Newburyport, 6 February or July, 1807, leaving William, Nathaniel, 

Mary and Sarali ; she d. at New Orleans, 31 August, 1819. 

His wife d. 9 September, 1774, and he m. secondly, 4 October, 1781, Sarah 

Nevens; lived at Newburyport; was Captain; d. at Newburyport, 11 or 14 

August, 1810; she d. 10 June, 1803. Child: 

iii. Timothy, b. at Newburyport, 13 May, 1783; d. 28 November, 1800. 

2. Timothy, b. in 1746; m. Judith ; lived at Newburyport ; shed. 

2 March, 1776. Child : 
1. Sarah. 

3. David, b. 15 May, 1747; m. Susan ;? was of Boston;? had 

David, b. in 1771, Daniel Malcolm, b. in 1772, both baptized at Christ 

4. Nathaniel, b. 2 June, 1754; m. at Newburyport, 15 December, 1786, 

Mary Rollins ; d. at Newburyport, 28 February, 1825 ; she d. 88 Nov- 
ember, 1882. 
I add a few facts relating to a son of Samuel Brackbitburt, 2 in Wyman's 
record, whom he calls William of Ipswich, with nothing more. 

William Brackenburt, b. about 1676-7 ; was a physician ; lived at Ipswich, 
where his mother had married secondly ; m. at Newbury, 8 S^tember, 1707, 
Abigail Heard of Ipswich. Children, bom at Ipswich : 
1. Abigail, b. 3 May, 1708; d. 19 August, 1708. 

il. Mary, b. 29 September, 1709; m. 20 October, 1781, Joseph Bamum. 
ill. William, b. in 1712. 
His wife d. 20 July, 1712, and he m. secondly in 1719, vridow Mary Cross, 
who d. 13 September, 1720, and he m. thirdly in 1730, Mary Waicut of Salem ; 
he fell through the ice of Ipswich river and was drowned 11 January, 1743 ; his 
widow? m. in 1753, Samuel Harris of Rowley. Children, bom at Ipswich : 


Notes and Queries. 


!▼♦ Samael, b. in 1731 ; d* 6 JftDuary, 1782, 

T. BamaeU b. in 1784. 

vl D&nleK b, in 1736. 
[•Hercj Brackenbary, niece of William, b. at Charlestown, 14 October, 1696» 

i to ha^e lived with her grandraother at Ipswich, and to have married there 
1 1719, Samuel Harris. W. S. Appleton. 

CHAinnKO. — Mr. Henry JameSi In his recent Life of Hawthorne, alludes to 
William EUery Channing, the Concord poet, as the son of the " ereat moralist." 
Aa he is not alone in this mistake, it seems desirable to pnt the three William 
Channln^a of the same cencriitlon on recorci- 

WiniAm Ellery Channintj. D.D., married his consln Rath Gibbs, and had only 
one aao, Wiltlam Frank Channing. He was distinguished in early life for re- 
aearches In the same line as those of TyndaU and the invention of the electric 
llr« alArm, the use of which he generously presented to his native city of Bos- 
Uwi. He became conspicuonj* later for divorcing his first wife for reasons not 
teco^ized by the laws of Massachusetts ; and when he married a second time, 
went to Rhode Island in consequence, and later to California. 

Francis Dana Channing, a young lawyer of great prominence* was a brother 
of Dr. W. E. Channing*. He died early. He married Susan Hij^ginson and had 
one son, the late Rev. William Henry Channin*?, known as a Unitarian preacher, 
at one time as a disciple of Fourier, and carae home from England to do a 
patriot*s duty during the civil war He died in 1884. When his father was 
jonng hifl sister wrote of him, that *' sunshine and spring breezes always 
■cemed to enter the room with Frank." This was equally true of the son. 

Walter Channing, Doctor of Medicine and a distinguished lecturer at Har- 
Tard, WAS another brother. He married Barbara H. Perkins. He had one son, 
William Ellery Channing, who married Ellen, the sister of Margaret Fuller, 
and had, I think, five children. These were ailopted by their grandfather after 
tl»eir mother's death. William Ellery Channing, known m the Concord poet, 
la as we see the son of Boston's most'distinguiahed gynsecologiat. 

Wu^inf^n, D^ C. Caroijnk H. Dall. 

[For o&eT members of the Channing family see REOiSTf!Ji« vol. 8, pages 318 
to B90. — EDrroR.] 

IxQirB8T Ufok thb Body of Ltdia Pickeriico, of Salem, 1702.— (Communis 
taltd bif OrtntiUe II. Norcross, LL.B., iff Boston.) — Ess» sc. An loqnisitlon 
Indented Taken at Salem w**»in y* s** County of Essex y* 16*^ day of Octob"^ Anno 
1702, In y* first year of y* Reigne of ou'^ Sovereign Lady Anne by y« gmce of 
God of England, Scotland, France & Ireland Qncen, defender of the Faith &c. 
Before Daniel Epes Gent. One of y Coron'^s of our s** Lady y* Queen w^in y« 
Cocinty of Essex afores** upon j* View of y" Body of Lydia Pickering Lying 
dead at y* house of m*" Jn** Pickering in Salem afore«<i By y* Oaths of Edward 
Flint Sam*' Phippen, Stephen lugolls, Dan*^' Grant Jn*> Orne Sam*' Sibley Sam*i 
West Ja<» Cook Sam*' Shattock Henry West Joseph Dugias W™ Reeves, Ephr. 
Rempton & Jn<* Priest, Good & Lawfull men of Salem afores^ w^An y* Ccmnty 
afords^. Who being charged & Swome To Inquire for our s'l Lady y* Queen, 
w* by w* meana &. how, Lydia Pickering came to her death Upon their Oaths do 
•ay* That she came to her End or death by falling into a well & being drowned 
4 so, csme to her End by misfortune — In Witnes whereof, as well I y» Coron"" 
aforee^ as y« Jurors afores** To this Inquisition have put our hands & seals y* 
Day 4 Tear aboTea*^ — 


The mark of 
Jn<*f Cook— (Seal) 
Sam<^" Shattock (Seal) 
Henry West (Seal) 
Joseph Dugias (Seal) 
William Reeves (Seal) 
Ephraim Kemp ton (ScaI) 
John Priest (Seal) 

Dan«i Epes Coron^ (Seal) 

{NqU — The seals are merely drops of red sealing wax.) 

Edward fiint Foreman (Seal) 
Samuel phippen (Seal) 
Stephen Ingalls (Seal) 
Daniel Grant (Seal) 
John Ome { Seal) 
Samuell Siblev (Seal) 
Sam*^! West (Seal) 

180 Ifbtes and Queries. [Apiil, 

Lbchmerb. — The f oUowliig memoranda concerning the New-England Lech- 
meres of Lechmere*s Point, Cambridge, and Sir E. Lechmere of the Ryd and 
Seyem End, Worcestershire, both of whom are mentioned by Dr. Oliver Wen- 
dell Holmes in his ** Handred Days in Europe,** were sent to Mrs. Dr. Francis 
P. Spragne, 229 Commonwealth Avenae, Boston, by one of her Bnssell con- 
nections in England. 

The Lechmeres of Lechmere's Point descended from Thomas Lechmere, son 
of Edmund Lechmere, of Severn End, Hanley, Worcestershire, by Lncy Hunger- 
ford. His birth is noted in his grandfather, Judge Lechmere*s diary, thus: 
**June 18 1683 My daughter Lechmere was delivered of a sofie named Thomas 
Benedicat Deus Amen." This diary is contained in the history of the House of 
Lechmere, published by E. P. Shirley. A note is appended to this entry, ** Ifr 
Tho" Lechmere died at Boston New Engld 4*»> June 1766. He was Surveyor 
General of the Kings Customs & ancestor of the American branch. A piece of 
land at Hanley is called New England & is planted with oaks the seeds of which 
were sent from America by Thomas Lechmere." ** in Jam 1788 he married Ann 

In Colonel Lechmere Russell's possession is Ann Winthrop*s bible, with, in her 
son Richard Lechmere's writing, the statement it was his mother's bible. He 
returned on war of independence to Engld & has now no male representatives 
his daughters are represented by Coores of Scrunten Hall Yorkshire, Russells 
(Sir Edward) of Ashford Hall Ludlow, & Worralls whose representatives now 
are Sir H. Lechmere Stuart Bart. & Eyre Coote of West Park Eyre. 

Latham. — Some of your readers will remember that in the ** Ancestry of 
Thirty -Three Rhode Islanders, &c.," there was an account given of Lewis 
Latham, Gent., Falconer to King Charles I., with a conjecture that he was re- 
lated to Symon Latham, author of a work on Falconry. (A portrait of Lewis 
Latham appears in a recent work, ** The Ancestral Dictionary.") It has just 
come to the knowledge of the undersigned through ** Bedfordshire Notes and 
Queries" — vol. il., part xx., pages 231, 232— that Lewis Latham had not only 
this brother Symon, but another brother William, a sister Ursula, wife of Wil- 
liam Carter, and a sister Elizabeth, wife of Thomas . J. O. Austin. 

P. 0. Box 81, Providence, B. L 

OuvBR. — A contributor writes : *'The readers of the Rbgistkr may like to 
look at the account of the Oliver family on pp. 158-60 of the Gloucestershire 
Notes and Queries for September, 1891, with the epitaph on Thomas Oliver 
which it contains. I presume our genealogists can give the writer of that 
article some additional information, it they think fit." 


Bible Family Records. {Ante, vol. 44, p. 400).— In the Register, October, 
1890, I made an inquiry regarding Bible Family Records. 

My wish was to ascertain (1) who could show the earliest record of that sort, 
and (2) the date of the earliest Bible in which blank pages were left to aflbrd 
space for such records. 

The earliest Bible known to me with such blank pages was printed in 1816 
by Collins In New York. By way of answer the editor stated that Carey's 
Bible printed in Philadelphia in 1807 had such leaves nine years earlier than my 
date,— and further that ** the Bartlett family Bible, printed in 1611, contains a 
record of births, etc., written on pages which had been left blank in the 
volume." As these blank pages do not appear to have been intended for enter- 
ing family records, I repeat my query whether the Bible society, British or 
American, from the outset afforded blank spaces for family records, — and the 
date of the earliest Bible in which such spaces are found. James D. Butijcb. 

Madison, Wis. 

[The earliest Bible with blank pages for family records of which note has 
heretofore been made is Carey's quarto bible of 1807. Since this item was in 
type Mr. Henry H. Edes has f nmished an earlier one. ** Philadelphia : Printed 
for Mathew [«fc.] Carey, No. 118, Market-Street. October 27th, 1802," 4to. 

IToies and Queries * 


KxKAMOCHANG.— In Probate Hecord$ of Saffolk Co., 1730, Thomas Cheney la 
described as '*lftte resident of a place called Kekamochang," This place la 
belie red to be In or near the town of Dudley, Maaa. 

What Is the meaning: or tranalation of this Indian word? Will some one be 
kind enough to inform nie, and oblige, Ei>wtN P, Wells. 

Southhridgej Mass, 

RlCSARD JoxEa of Dorchester, Mass., died 1G4L His sister Elizabeth raar- 
llediii England, 1635, to Antony Tliatdier of Santm, and later of Yarmouth, 
fl^rniotith Colony. His son Timothy Jones, in his wOl, lf)56, refers to estates in 
SngUDd; and his youngest sou Samael, in Ms wlll^ 1661, mentions Ma six 
coastina in Yarmouth. 

Can anyone tell me from what town in England Hlchard Jones came? 

KmHon^ Mast. SA>fUEL P, May. 

GRKE?m. — Information Is earnestly desired of parentage and ancestry of 
Katharine Green, who married Ebenezer Lankton of Farmington, Conn., at 
Fannington, 5 March, ITtJl (Churcli Records) : she was burn 2 June, 1748 
(Famllj Bible) ; and had a sister Mary or May who married one Orrln, Urin or 
ulin (family tradition) . Chaiiles K. Wiixiams. 

Biaux CUy, Iowa. 

Teat Uassaobusetts Society for Promoteng Agriculture was Incorporated 
m 1T92. In connection with the preparation of an iicconnt of its one hundred 
years* work, the Society seeks information concerning portraits of t!ie frdiow- 
luK named former prt*sldent3t Caleb Strong, 1802-1805; Aaron Dexter, 1813- 
lii23: John Welles, 1841-184tJ» Frakcxs H, Appleton, S€Cntary. 

708 Exchange Building, Botton. 

Tub Simaxcas Maf of IGIO anb Watmouth's Discoviby. (By Henry S. 

Bnrrag^e, D.D.)— In the Rfx.irtkr for Jannary. 1892, the I^ev. B, F, De Costa, 
in a note. p. 84, states tiiat in various papers nnd contributions he has sought 
to make the point *• that the rivfr discovered in Maine, by Way mouth in his 
exploration of 160o, was not the St. George, but the Kennebec, otherwise the 
Bagadahock to which Fopham's expedition sailed in 1607." One of these con- 
tributions I recall. It appeared in the Mfiijazinc of Aineri^an History (voL 9, 
p. 300), where in a notice of Mr. George Baucrofr> revised first volume of his 
Hlst<jry of the United States, referring to the fact that Mr. Bancroft had 
ailopted the St- George^s tlieor}\ Dr. De Costa says, Bancroft -^^ sends Way- 
month to explore a splendid river where there is so little water that tlsh can 
hardly swim." This statement will surjirlse anyone who has i^een the George's 
river, and Mr. Bancroft in his reply disposed of the statement by referring to 
the Coast Sun'ey chart which telLn '* the very dltTerent story that there is a 
river of great uniform depth/' This depth is about fourteen fathoms at the 
month of the river, eight and ten fathoiiis lit F*)rt St. George about two thirds 
of the way to Thomaston, and three and three fonrtiis, four and eijij^lit fatlioras 
at Thomaston. The fact is that vessels of the largest class are built at Thomas - 
ton, and vessels of twelve hnndred tons have been built as far np the river as 
Warren. It would seem, therefore, that one could hardly make a greater mis* 
take In a statement than in saying the St. George's river has '*so little water 
thai fish can hardly swiiu.'' 

In his note in the Rkoister for January, however, Dr. De Costa errs eren 
more surprisingly than in this earlier statement. He has shown already, he 
iay«, that no early map of the coast of Maine designates the St. George*s river: 
but^ recently discovered map, he tells us, which dates back to 1610, and which 
has recently* licen published in Mr Alexander Brown's Genesis of the Ignited 
States, ** destroys the last iiopc of the advocates of tiie St. George theory, 
pancturing and exploding their specious arguments,** inasmnch as it has ''no 
indieaiion v^haUver of any St. George's river, which would Inevitably have been 
abown If the river had been discovered and explored." Singnlarly enough just 
tlte opposite of this statement is the truth. On this map the St. George's river. 



Notes and Queries. 


under its Indian name, Tahanock, is plainly Indicated, and it is only necessary 
to republish that portion of the map which inclades the coast of BCahie, in order 
to ** ponctore ** thoroughly this last statement by Dr. De Costa.* On it the posi- 
tion of the island St. George (Monhegan) with reference to the Tahanock is that 
of Monhegan with reference to the St. George's river. Forthennore the St. 
George's river has this marked peculiarity, that on either side here and there 
are large coves, viz. : Deep Cove, Gay Cove, Turkey Cove, Maple Juice Cove, 
Otis Cove, Watts Cove, Cutler's Cove, Broad Cove, and Hyler's Cove. These 
** very gallant coues," as Rosier described them in his ** Relation," are distinctly 
indicated on the map of 1610. The ** codde " of the river, also, appears exactly 
where from Rosier's description we should expect to find it. Moreover, and 
this is especially significant, Rosier tells us that Waymouth, when he ascended 
the river in his vessel, took with him a ** crosse" to erect at that point where 

the river trends westward, the present site of Thomaston. It is a remarkable 
fact that on this map of 1610, where the Tahanock trends in the direction men- 
tioned, there is a mark of a cross. What is this cross, but the cross to which 
Rosier refers, and which Waymouth erected as a token of English discovery? 
Mr. Alexander Brown suggests this in his note concerning ttds map. ** The 
cross at the bend of the Tahanock," he says, ** was possibly erected there by 
Captain George Waymouth, June 13, 1605." Doubtless King James's surveyor, 
who prepared the map of 1610,t used the ** perfect Geographicall map " whidi 

• A reduced fac-simile of this portion of the map is here given. — Ed. 

t This map will be foand in the first Tolume of Mr. Brown's admirable work, p. 456. It 
was prepared by a surveyor whom King James of England sent to Virginia in 1610 for thif 
>nrpo8e. In some secret way a copy of the map was obtained by the Spanish Ambaandor 
n London and was sent to the King of Spain, and so at length found its way to the libnoy 
at Simancas, where it has been preserved. Mr. Brown in his note concerning this map, 
says, *' I am inclined to thinic that the map was compiled and drawn either by Robert 
Tyndall or by Captain Powell. However I cannot be certain." And he adds (Genesis of 
the United States, vol. 1, p. 4^), ** I think the map evidently embodies [besides Uie surveys 
of Cham plain and other foreigners], the English surveys of White, Gosnold, WaymoaUi 
Pring, Hudson, Argall, Tyndall, and possibly others." 


1892.] Noi€9 and Queries, 183 

WAjmonth made when be was on the coast of Maine; and this accomits for the 
Indication on the map not only of the cross, but also of the *' great inountaines " 
which Wajmoath aaw and toward which he nailed as he ascended the river. 
ForUand, Me. 

Dnj A Majority of the Dorcitestkr Chitkch go to Windsor?— Two 
ptoiaes used In the review of the pabllshed volume of Dorclie«ter First Church 
records, contained in the preceillng niuuberof the RKGisriiR, ante page 97; be- 
mg deenie<l ambis:«ous by certain readers of the REiHi^TKU aod friends of the 
rerit-wer, he desires In the interest of correct history to be* mure expUclt. The 
UDcert&inty U In these clauses: *' A part of the Dorchester church of I06» 
supposed to be a majority of the membership, emlicrrated at that time and 
founded the town of Windsor, Conn." *' As the surviving pastor, Rev. Juhn 
Warh&iD. two deacons of the original church and a majority of members re- 
mored, It is the opinion of some that the church as an institution went alsc.»." 

The reviewer had meant tliat bb statement should be snfflcientiy guarded in 
naXng the words ** supposed to be a majority/' tbiuking that the quolifylng 
word would be understood where the word " inajorlty " again appears, andtlmt 
it would be Interpreted to be the same majority In each case. This view would 
be consisitent with the use of the phrase later on» "Whatever may Ihialiy be 
concluded In the matter." 

Still, the language might be construed to mean that It is generally so sup* 
posed; therefore, he would say that It has been so snppo.9ed by only a few 
pQ^ona^ so far aa he Is aware, Certalu citations given in the introduction of 
the volume in review seem to signify that Increase Mather, Cotton Matlier, and 
Hubbard the historian, supposed a majority went to Windsor. The late editor 
of the Congregational la t» Rev. Henry M. Dexter, D-D,, and those people in 
Windsor who think the church of that town to be the only original Dorchester 
Chorcb., are to be classed in the same cati?gory. 

On the other hand, the great ma*is of reader;* and students of the historical 
records make no supposition In tlie premises, but await evidence. And It Mould 
leem tlmt the esUbllNhinent, beyond controversy, of the fact that thirty-flve 
church members remained tn Dorchester (which la done by the authors of the 
introduction to the volume Id review), puts upon those who do suppose as 
stated, the burden of summoning from the remote post an equal number of 
Dorchester namea of church membersi in Windsor, in liiEG, as a basis for their 
conjecture, Daniel W. Bakkii, 

Dkacxiks of thb Fibst Church, Dorchester.— Rev. Dr. Thaddeus Mason 
Harris, in the appendix to his *' discourse (page 23>, delivered at Dorchester, 
Octol>er 10, 1804, at the Funeral of Deacon Abljah White," Deacon of the 
drarcfa, says, *' Deacon John Moore, Deacon John Gay land" (meaning, 
ptolMibly, William Gay lard or Gay lord) *' removed with the first church to 
Windsor. Con." What evidence have wc that they were deacons, so far as 
WUIiam Gaylord is concerned? 

Again. Deacon Ebenezer Clapp, Jr., in the History of Dorchester, page 7£l, 
writes, *' WUliam Rockwell, freeman In Ui30. The first deacon with Mr. Gay- 
lord of the Dorchester Church, signed the first land grants of the plantation. 
Uored to Connecticut." On page fi2j '* William Gaylord. one of the first 
deacons/* •* removed to Windsor." On page €8, ** John Moore came as deacon 
of the church in IGiiO, He removed to Windsor, and was deacon of the church 
tbert?/' Can it be shown that John Moore was at any time deacon of the church 
In Dorchester? 

William Gaylord had a grant of land in Dorchester, March 18, 1637^. 
WilUiim Rockwell went to Windsor it is supposed, aoon after Jan. 2, 1637-8* 
S^ "ictlonto Dorchester Church Records, page xvi. Unless these two 

in went to Windsor, and returned, which is altogether Improbable, 

tbcy run u lined to be, from the beginning, inhabitauta of Dorchester until 1638, 
Have W6 reliable authority for calling Gaylord and Rockwell deacons? I have 
found no contemporary evidence that they were. William B. Teabk» 

VOL. X1.1 


184 Notts and Queries, [April, 

John* WranT, son of Tbomiu* Wight (Hkqist«r« xlH, 91), died September 

28, 165:^. the first to die of the thirteen pioneers of Medfleld, Mass. Adminis- 
tration upon his estate was granted to his widow Ann (maiden name nnknown), 
** In behalfe of herselfe k y* chUde she goes withall" — (Register, vlii. 276) , 
This posthninous child, named Ablel* or Abihalle.' and born January I, l$53-i, 
has» until recently, eluded most dill$;ent and persistent search. The records of all 
the adjolnln;^ towns* have been examined, either by the local hlstorianrt of Mcdfleld 
and Med way, or by the anderBlgned, but all in vain. The latent trace of her is 
In HW), when her name, Abiel Wight, occurs among the grantees of the New 
Grant, Med way. — (Jameson's Medieay, 23.) But It now appears from examina- 
tion of Haven's BiUeric/i, p, 93 of Genealogies, and from inspection of the 
record of the town of Bllleriea, that she married In that town, and that she be- 
came the mother of twelve children and the ancestress of many distinguished 
persons. She Is deserving of a corner In this genealo^cal magazine. On May 
6» 1673, she married, as his second wife, Samuel, born July 21, X644, son of 
William Manning of Cambridge, Correct Bond's Wfttertoum, 528, where 
William^s wife is hopelessly disguised as A blah Wright* Samuel Manning moved 
in 1&G2 to Bllleriea, where he was successively town clerk, selectman, and 
in 1695-6, representative. He died Feb. 22, 1710-11; the death of his wife is 
not given. Of their twelve children one died in infancy, seven became parents 
of large families. The following are the names of a few of the many descend- 
ants of the long lost Ablel* Wight : Ensign William* Manning of Billerica, who 
died March 25, 1674 ; William* Manning, born Februar>^ 28, 1707-«, lieutenant of 
the West foot company of Billerica; Samuel* Robinson, captain in the French 
and Indian war, buried in 17G7 in Rev, George WhltefieUrs Church, London; 
Alice,* horn in 1727, wife of Captain Eiisha Chlkl of Woodstock, Conn, ; Mercy,* 
bom October 8, 1748, wife of CoL Joseph SalTord of Bennington, Vt. ; Sarah,* 
bom November 13, 17r»l, wife of Gt-ncral Hem an Swift of Cornwall, Conn, ; 
William* Manning, bom May 21, 1747, lieut-enant in Capt. Kidder's Company In 
2d Mass. regiment in 1776r Rt^uben* Durrant, born Febrtiary 2y. 1747-8, an 
architect of churches and bridges, living in Bedford, Mass. ; Timothy* Toothaker, 
a patriot soldier, fatally wounded at Bunker Hill; Allen' Toothaker, his brother, 
a physician, who died July 12, 1775, from fever contracted while caring for his 
wounded brother; Samuel* Robinson, born August y, 17:i8, captain at the battle 
of Bennington, afterwards colonel of militia, and judge; Moses* Robinson, bom 
Marcli 15.1741, successively Cliief Justice ami Governor of Vermont, and United 
States Senator; Jonathan* Hobin.son, born Aiiguat 24, 1756, Chief Justice and 
later United States Senator from Vermont; SaraueU Fay, landlord of the Cata- 
mount Tavern at Bemjington Centre, Vt ; Joel' Durrant, who died in the ser- 
vice in 1812 at Govemor^s Island, N. Y. ; Asa^ Crosby, born July 15, 1765, an 
eminent physician of Sandwich and GUmanton, N. H. ; the Rev. Charles^ Walker* 
D.^D*, bom February 1, 1791, of Rutland, Vt, ; William' Crosby, bom January 
20, 1768, -the father of Milford," N, H. ; the Rev. Willard' Child, D,D., born 
November 14, 1796, of Mooers, N. Y. ; John S.* Robinson, Governor of Vermont 
in 1863 ; Joseph B.* Dan forth, forty years ago a Judge of Probate in Vermont; 
Solon* Danforth, forty years ago a member of the Senate of Vermont ; Josiah* 
Crosby, bom February 1^ 17y4, a distingui?*hed physician of Manchester, N. H.; 
Dlxi* Crosby, born February B, 1800, for ijiiny-tvvo years professor of surgery 
Jn Bart mouth College; Nathan* Crosby, born February 12, 1798, justice for 
many years in Lowell, Mass*, and author of the Crosby Genealogy; Alpheus* 
Orosby, bora October IB, 1810. professor in Dartmouth College, and author of 
Crosby's Greek Grammar; Thomas RusselF Crosby, born October 22, 1816, 
profeasor in the agricultural departmeui of Dartmoutla College ; Anne Ambrose,* 
wife of Professor G. N. Boardman of the Chicago Theological Seminary; the 
Rev. George Leon* Walker, D.D., born April 34), ia30, pastor of the First 
Church, Hartford, Conn., and author of Life of Thomas Hooker and many other 
works; Stephen Ambrose* Walker, born Nov. 2, 1835, late U. S. Du^itrict Attor- 
ney, New York; Henry Freeman* Walker, born July ^, 1838, a prominent phy* 
aiclan in New York; Augustus AddUon* Gould, the naturalist and author; 
Charles D.* Gould, of Gould & Lincoln, Boston; EUzabeth,* wife of JoshuJi 
Lincoln, of Gould & Lincoln, Boston ; Elnathan Freeman* Duren, born January 
14, 1814, book-seller and publisher, Bangor, Me. ; Joseph* Low, born July 24, 
1790, flrat Mayor of Concord, .ii. H. ; Ellas" Child, born September 3, 1806, 
author of the Child Genealogy; the Rev. Charlcb* Blanchard of Uldtown, Me.; 
Austin* Baldwin, born June 11, 1807, of Austin Baldwin & Co., New YorJc,' 

^ 1^ 


Koies and Queries. 


Atme,* wife of the Ber* WlUlara B. Ashlev, D.D., of Milwaukee, Wis.; the 
Rer. Jacob M.* Mmtinln^, D.D., of Old South Cliurch. Boston ; Chiirles Edward* 
Hosmer, born May 25, 1837* an able physician hi Blllci'lca; ibe Rev. Wiilbt^n' 
Wftlker, b^rti July L {$m, pro feasor In ilartford T]ienlo|rtcal Seralimrv; Luciiis 
Cun1t*s» Cbild. of the Boonville, N. Y., Ihrnhl, and of 0Uca* N, Y\ Anna 
CJ* Snead, principal of the Kirkwoodr MUsourK Academy* 

William WjkJXD Wight. 


Jn Wtymouth. 
TOL. I.— Page 31, 

Page 55. 







George* Allen bought Geo. Applegate's home farra March, 
1640. Deed recorded 5** S"*", 1641. Henry Allen had land HUT, and 
John, Ebenezer and George, Jr., 1C5L 
SataueP Andrews io W. prior to KJy?, descemlatits in Norton and 

Thomas Anis — his wife Mary died May 10, 1659. 
William* Badlarn mar. Mary, dau. of Stephen' French, Jr., about 
1688, She b. May 11, 1C62. Children; Samuel,* b. HV.iO. 

mar. Mary of Nicholas Pbllllp.H, 1716; William.* b. Dec. 20, lt)93; 
Stephen, b. 1696, m. Elisabeth BlIlinEfs of Dorchester— pub. May 30, 
1719, He removed to Milton; Mary,' b. July 24, 161^9, mar. Bea 
Shaw 1T20. 
Samnel Bagley, Senior, had five children, 1658—1672. 
Thomas* Bailey— 1643. Dleil in W. 1680^1, Children ; Thomas,* Jr, 
m. tlrst Kuth of Richard* Porter 1660. Married second widow 
Hannah (Eo|:era> Pratt of Samuel. John' went to Freetow^n about 
161^5. Esther* married John Kin^f ; and Samuel who had a family, 
and died in Canada Expedition Hi90-L 
John Bartlett had «on John, b. Feb. 11, 1666. 

Rev. James Bay ley, grad. Harvard College 1710. Ordained mlnlsstcr 
South Parish 1723 ; died Aug. 22, 1766^ aged 60. (I write this on 
his table). 
Elder Edwani* Bates, died Mar. 25, 1686, in his 81"^ year; grave- 
stone. Had wife SosannaT and eight or nine children. 
John Bennett, 1601—1693. 

Jeremiah Beal, from Hin^ham prior to 170O; a numerous family. 
Zechary* Bicknell 1635— died 16^6; wife Agnes— who wa8 perhaps 
daughter of Robert* LovelL She married second Rlclmnl Rockett 
or Rockwood of Braintree- She had son iTohn^ Kockwood, b. 
Dec. 1, 1641. ancestor of most of the Rockwoods In Mas*iachuaett3. 
Mrs, Rockwood died July 0, 1743, In the Records <»f the General 
Court, March 9, 1636-7, 1 And the following: '* William Reed 
having bought the house and twenty acres of land which wa.** 
Zachary Bidsnell'' {after Bickuells death) for £7— IS"— 4*1 of 
Blchard Rockett and wife, is to have the sale con tinned by the 
child (John ) when he comeih of age, or else the child to allow 
such costs IIS the Court shall think meet.** 
John' Bicknell, only child of Zechary, — had a first wife Mai-y, who 
died 25'*^ 10"^ 1657-8, He m. second Mary,* daughter of Richard 
Porter 2—10^ 1658-9. He had hy first wife, John. Jr. 16ii4» 
Mary and Naomi; by second wife, Ruth, .loanna. Experience! 
Zechary. Elisabeth, Mary, Thomas and Hannah, 167,5. He was 
representAtlve, &c., and died between Nov, 6, 1678 and Jan. 20, 
1679. In his will he gave all hU estate to his widow Mary, '* as 
long as she shoo Id remain a widow.** 
Nicholas By ram. bought John Glover* house and land h^^ 8"^, 1647, 
Savage says he waa a physician. He held all the town oflBces. In 
1660 he bought proprietary rights in Bridgwater, and reujoved 
there in 1662, He was councillor of war in Plymouth Colony, and 
was a man of much influence. On the old Bridgwater record.^ I 
found the following, written so as to flil the whole page, '* Nicholas 
Byram Senior, left this world for a better April 13*^ 1668.*' Hia 

186 Ifotes and Querie$. [April, 

widow Martha died 1698. She was daughter of Abraham^ Shsw 
of Dedham. They had flye children, who have a maititade of 
Page 843. David Carver, of John of Daxbory. First wife— Bath; second 
Hannah, of Joseph Dyer of W. He sold ont in 1717 to Benjamin 
Dyer for £600, and removed to Canterbory, Ck>nn., where he died 
Sept. 17, 1727. 
Vol. II.— Page 14. Bichard Davenport, in W. prior to 1699. Bemoved to 

Page 25. Samnel Dawes died in his fifajesty*" service. His widow Experience 
mar. Charles Clark prior to 1700. 

** 40. Edward Derby— mar. first Bath Whitmarsh before 1687; m. 2d 
widow Bebecca Hol>art (of Aaron, who was drowned in Boston 
Harbor 1705). She was daughter of BogerSnmner of Milton. 
As widow Derby she settled Hobart* estate. Derby died Jan. 6, 
1724. He had 5 children by first wife and 8 by second wife. She 
married third Samuel Paine of Braintree, Bfarch 24, 1726. 

*< 80. Peter Danbar from Hingham, in W. 1698 to 1711. Bemoved to 

** 89. Dea. Thomas^ Dyer married second widow Elisabeth (Harding) 
Frary. She died 1679. 

** 91. Bichard Eager (or Ager) mar. Abigail, dan. of Jacob* Nash, prior 
to 1700. Six chUdren. 

•» 182. Andrew* Ford mar. Eleanor of Bobert* Lovell. He died in Hing- 
ham, Mar. 4, 1692-3. Thirteen or more children. In his win 
gave his children lands at ** Qaineboge." Where was that place? 

** 261. John Glover sold his house and lot to Nicholas Byrum 5^ 8>»», 1647. 
He had other lands. 

** 285. Zacheus Gould of Ipswich and of Weymouth is the same man. He 
bought out James Parker 1644, and afterwards sold. 

** ** Jeremy Gould was at Weymouth, and sold his home lot to Joseph 
Holloway of Sandwich, first of 8^ mo 1639. Probably removed 
to Topsfield. 

** 826. John* Gumey mar. Bebecca, of John Taylor. He d. 1691. Children, 
Bichard* 1656, Joseph,* Mary,* Zechariah,* John,* Peter and 

*' 350. Bobert Harlow had land 1651. 

'' ** John Harding had land 1651. Many other Hardings there prior to 
1700, whom I cannot put in order. 

** 870. Peter Harvey & wife Sarah had Samuel, b. W. Aug. 27, 1696. 

•* 441. John* Holbrook mar. second widow Mary Lorlng (of Dea. John of 
Hull). She died July 17, 1714. 

** 443. Thomas* Holbrook I do not think married HopestlU Leland for se- 
cond wife. I do not see that he had second wife. 

»» 449. John* Hollis m. Elisabeth of James Priest— prior to 1664. He died 
1700. Six children. John,* Jr., mar. Mary Yardley of Braintree 
bef. 1691. Moved there and died Jan. 27, 1718. 

*• 470. Ebenezer Hovey, first wife Joanna, second wife widow Sarah King 
of Norton. 

" 480. William Harlow had land 1651. 

" 497. Jonas* Humphrey died 1692. Widow Martha died June 12, 1712. 
Six children. 

** 499. Enoch* Hunt, many corrections necessary. 

** 527. Edmund Jackson mar. Mary of Simon* Whitmarsh prior to 1691. 
Bemoved to Ablngton 1706. 

" 560. Jones families from Hull prior to 1700. 

»♦ 572. Joy families in W. prior to 1700. 
Vol. III. — Page 23. John* King, — planter and John King seamen, have puzzled 

many genealogists. Their descendants are in all the land. 
Page 27. Henry* Klns^raan d. June 5, 1767 — dau. Joan— m. Thomas Holbrook, 
Anna m. Tobias Davis, 13 Dec. 1649. 

•• 123. Bobert* Lovell died 1651 ; wife Elisabeth. Children, Zacheus* 1620, 
Anna* 1619. John,* 1627, he sold out in W. and removed to Bam- 
sUble, 1678; Eleanor,* 1633, mar. Andrew* Ford; James,* 1635, 
died in W. 1706. 


Notes and Queries. 



M S27. 









Vol IV.- 
% 63. 

Fronds Loud in W. about 1700. Many descendants. 

James Ludden " Old Planter," Old JameB Luddeu d. Feb. 7, 1C93. 
Five or more children. 

Jaraet*"^ Nasb— wife Alice. Cbildren, Jobn,* James,' Jacob m. Abi- 
gail Dyer before 1667, and bad 12 or more children, and died in 
Ablngton, Mar. 13, 1717-18; Joseph* of Scituate, Sarah' and 

mchokfl Norton, 1637; wife Elisabeth. Probably removed to 
Martha's Vineyard— 1 1 children. None of the name afterward 
for more tlian lOO years in W. 

William* Orcutt had two wives & 12 children or more. He d. Bridg- 
water ie94- 

John Osborn of W. and Bralotree same man. 

Matthew Osbom boond biniself to John Keed of W. for 6 years, 
Sept. 14, 1637. (Plymouth Recortle.) 

Samuel* Packard in \V.— lt)55 to 16G4. Selectman, Henioved to 
Bridgwater. His daughter Bannab m. Clement Brlggs, Jr., who 
died 1669. Packard & Ids dans*hter settled estate of Briggs. She 
m. second Thomas Randall of Easton. 

William Pittee, now Pettee, wife Mary. He d. 1679. Nine children. 

Nicholas* Phillips 1640, died 1672. S chil. ; KIchard,' Alice,* Ex- 
perience,* b. 1641, Caleb* 1644, Joshua,' Beujaminr Hannah* db 

Edward* Pool St. wife Sarah. He d, 1664,— never In Newport, 7 

Bichard* Porter 1636, died 1688-9. Children, John,' m. Deliverance 
Byron, Feb. 9, 1660. Rutb,» b. 3-8'" 1639, ma. Thomas Bailey 
igih 7mo 1660; Thcimas,= mar Sarah Vliiing, he died before her 
father; Mary,' mar. John Bicknell 165S, his 2d wife — 7 children. 
Ancestors of many Blckneils. 

Macaetb* Pratt— Old Planter, Died 1672-3, wife Elizabeth— Chil- 
dren, Matthew,^' mar. Sarah* Hunt, 1"* B>«, 1661; John,' m. 
Mary Whitman, Nov. 27, 1656; Joseph,* ra. Sarah Judkins, May 
7, r662; Samuel,* m. Hannah Rojtjrern, Ui^ 7™ I6fi0; Mary,' m. 
Thomas White, Jr.; Sarah,* m. John Richards about 1671; Ellsa* 
beth.* ni. Wn».* Chard, 27^ 9^" 16t>0. 

James Priest in W. 1640, wife Elisabeth, died 1676— Eight cldldreu. 
I have made mnch search for his history, but without avail, — 
probably from Plymouth. 

Robert* Randall — mar, first Mary, sister of Stephen* French.*^ 
He married second, and died Mar 3, 1691. 

William Keed and his family continue to trouble their descendants. 

William Richards from Plvmouth bought the house of Nicholaa 
Whitmarsh, July 6, 165«. Wife Grace. He died 1682. several 
children; John,- mar. Sarah of Matthew Pratt? he died 1 695, wife 
d. June 12, 1727; nine ehilalren; Joseph'-' had two wives and 11 
children; James,* m. Ruth of John Bicknell. He dieii March 8, 
1710^11. She d. Feb. 12, lt28; four children; WUliam,' Jr., 
wife Mary ; he d, April 24, 168JJ, two children I flod. 

Thomas Rider had land 1651. 

John* Rogers '* Old Planter;^— not *' of Scltuate." He died Feb. 11, 
1661. Selectman often. Second wife Judith, — Children, John,' 
Jr., mar. Mary, of Edward^ Bates. Feb. g, 1663 ; in 1677 be applied 
to General Conrt as a " house holder and Churchman *' to be 
made a Freeman, four daughters. Other children of John* were 
LydU,* b. Mar. 27, 1642, Haanah,^ .Mary=* and Sarah.=* 
-Page 4. Edward Sale, not Savil, in W. 1640-1692. Town Officer. 
Children; Ohediah,* b, Jnly 20, 1640. Miriam,* 1645, Nathaniel,* 
d. in W. Dec. H, 1714. Ephralm,* John* wad Robert' Some of 
the family went to Rehoboth. 

Abraham* Shaw of Dedl^am. His children all of Weymoutli. Jobn»* 
d. in W. Sept. 16, 1704, m. Alice, daughter of Nicholas PhilUps, 
and bad 11 children; Joseph , prob. ancestor of R. G. Shaw of 
Boston, died in Boston, 13 Dec, 1653; Martha,* m. Nicholas By- 
rum ; Nicholas* of John* m. Deborah^ of John' WMtiniyrsb &b. 

XLTI, 16* 

188 Notes and Queries. [April, 

1686, and had 11 cbil.; Joseph* of John* m. Jadith* of John* 
Whitmanh, and removed to Bridgwater. 

Page 89. Loke Short, Jr.~1698; father d. Mlddleborongh 1746, aged 116. 

•* 117. James^ Smith, d. 1676, wife Joan d. 9d 8» 1669. Children, Kath- 
aniel,* b. W. June 8, 1689 ; James' had wife Mary and 7 children; 
Joshua,* probably removed to Swansea, and Hannah.* 

*' 168. John^ Staples, Senior — early wife Rebecca. Children, John* went 
to Braintree; Joseph* to Taunton; Sarah* m. Increase* Sumner 
of Milton, Mar. 26, 1667; Mary* m. Samu^* Sumner of Milton; 
and Rebecca,* b. March 27, 1689. 

«* 241. Thomas Swift, Jr. had son Thomaa, b. in W. Not. 18, 1687. 

*' 242. Timothy* Symmes, of W" Symmes of Charlestown, went with his 
mother to Weymouth, where she m. second Bey. Samuel* Torrey, 
July 30, 1696 ; he lived with them until 1707 when he went to 
Scituate, where he died 1766, aged 82. He m. Mrs. Elisabeth 
CoUamore Rose, July 81, 1710 ; their son Timothy,^ Jr. b. May 27, 
1714, grad. Har. College 1787, he had son John C.,* b. July 10, 
1742, his daughter Anna* m. William Henry Harrison, President 
of the U. S., his son John S. Harrison b. 1804, and his son Ben- 
jamin Harrison is now President of the United States. 

** 286. John Thompson of W. 1648 — I think the son of David Th<nnpfN>n 
the grantee of Thompson* Island, Boston Harbor, who became of 
age 1648-9, and settled in Weymouth. '* John Thompson son and 
heir of David Thompson, deceased who in and about 1626 did 
take actual possession of an island in the Massachusetts Bay 
called Thompson's Island and being there taeu damicdia, and 
erected a habitation there and died soon after left the petitionei 
an infant." The Court granted the Island to Thompson against 
the protest of the Town of Dorchester which claimed it. Thomp- 
son was Constable and Townsman in W. and removed to Mendon 
1667, where he died 1685-^6. His will March 27, 1684, proved 
April 27, 1686. 

'< 806. William^ Tirrell in W. about 1672. His son WiUiam,* Jr. m. Abigail 
of Thomas Pratt ab. 1680, removed to Abington 1705. Ten (SlU- 
dren ; Gideon* d. Oct. 13, 1780, mar. Hanniw of Thos. Kingman 

1687. RepresenUtive several years, 1786-28-29-^, died Oct. 13, 
1730. Eight children. 

** 829. Robert* Tucker of W.— 1647-61, removed to Gloucester 1661, re- 
turned to Weymouth, 1660 removed to Milton ; first Town Clerk 
there May 7, 1662. Probably had been clerk in Gloucester and 
Weymouth. The late Edmund J. Baker was of that opinion. 
Tucker was overseer of Clement* Brlggs's will in W. 1648-9. 

** 346. John* Turner in W. 1640; ancestor of many. Jacob,* b. Mar. 10, 
1667, mar. Jane Vining — many children; Ann probably mar. 
Thomas Bicknell. 

*• 374. John Vining d. Feb. 1685. Mar. Margaret Reed ll-3« 1667, by 
Capt. Torrey. She d. Aug. 6, 1659, he mar. second Mary Reed 22d 
11™ 1669. Ten or more children by second wife. 

'* 374. John* Vinson d. Sept. 20, 1718, wife Susannah Whitmarsh or Gumey. 
(She m. second John Canterbery 1721, and died Dec. 9, 1729). 
Children, John,* Jr., b. July 28, 1676, m. Sarah Kingman bef. 1696 
—Ten chil. ; Ebenezer,* b. Mar. 26, 1684, m. Jane of Joseph 
Drake— 8 children ; Samuel,* wife Hannah and ten children. Widow 
m. Lieut. Jo. Nash. 

" 626. John Whitmarsh In W. 1636— died prior to 1660, wife Alice. Chil- 
dren, Simon,* Nicholas* m. Hannah Reed, Dec. 2, 1668; John,* Jr. 
m. Sarah of John Harden — ^he d. 1696, had twelve or more chil- 
dren; Richard,* Onesiphorous* had land 1660; James, and Jane. 

Bangor, Maine, Joseph W. Pobteb. 

Vol. I., page 399, Mr. Savage says of Nathaniel Clarke, Senior, of Newbury, 
Mass. ** d. on board the sh. Six Friends, soon after sail, in the ezpcdit. against 
Quebec, 26 Aug. 1690, from an injury, aged 46.** Nathaniel Clarke, Senior, died 

Notes and Queries. 


il his home Id Newbury, 25 Aug., 1690» and as he was married Nov. 23, 1663, it 
leema probable that he was older ttian HI !n IG^O, His sod Nathaniel went in 
the expedition against Canada^ and was mcirtally wounded io October, IGHO. on 
boiffd tiie ahlp Six Friends, and died. Rev. John Hale of Beverly, the chaplain, 
wrote his will, which was duly sisjned and witnessed, Mr. Hnk^ brousjiit the will 
kooie, aod gtiv^ it to the young roan'8 fftther-in-law, Peter Toppan. who failed 
to olTer it for probate. See deposltlonn on flie at Salem Conrt House, of Kev. 
John liale, and of Henry Somerby. These depositions are printed in ftili in the 
** Genealogy of the Descendants of Nathaniel Clarke of Newbury, Mass.** paifes 
15 and 26. Nathaniel the younger left one child only, Nathaniel, Isorn 29 July, 
1689. The Elizabeth mentioned by Mr. Savage had apparently died before her 
Mher. Gkouge Kuh:n Clakkb. 

JfeedAam, Moms, 

HisTamcAL Ixtelliqencr. 

llBMacic Gi5irEAi.0GT,— All the remaining printed sheets of the " Hcrrick 
Ofttealogy,'* published In 1S85, and noticed by ns in October of that year, were 
destroyed by a Are which bnnied the book bindi^ry, where they were stored, 
on Tnedday morninsTt January 2Gth. Thlrty-one bound copies are all that the 
lotbc^r, Lucius C. lie nick, M.D,, has reraaining on hand. These, fortunately, 
he had at his residence. 1447 Hi<?lUand St., Coiunibns, Ohio. A little over two 
knndred copies were burned. Those who wish to obtain the book had better 
make application at once. 

GKXEALOOtE« IN Preparation. — Persons of the several names are advised to 
famish the corapilt*rs of these genealogies ivith records of their own familiea 
lod other infonnation which they think may be useful. We wouhl suggest that 
m facts of interest iOnstratinp family history or cliaracter be communicated, 
t^edaliy sendee under the U. S. government, the holding of other olIlceB, 
ition from college or professional schools, occupation, with places and 
\ of births, marriages, residence aud death. When there are more tlmn one 
name they should all be given in full if possible. No initials should 
W used when the full names are known. 

Coutant. By Arthur Beard sley. Swart more College, Swartmore, Pa.— Mr* 
Beardsley is preparing a genealogy of the Contant and related families, parti- 
cularly those of Badean and Gerou (Gerauld, Gerau, &c.), all Huguenot families 
who ^ttled originally at New Rochelle, N, Y., and passed from tiiat point to 
various parts of New York and New England, especially Couneeticut, Those 
interested are requested to send their records to the iibove address- Circulars 
will be sent on application. The addresses of those who can furnish Inf orma- 
tton b* desired. 

■ v_Mrs. Annie Faircbild Plant, of MiltoUt Vt.^ has collected a large 
V material relating to the desceudantii of Thomas Falrchild, who came 

U .^Li ...^■'iUj Conn., in lG3y. Any person having matter relating to these de- 
fcendants would oblige Mrs. Plant by sending the same to her. 

I — Edward Clinton Lee, Esq., Drexel Building, Philadelphia, Pa,, Is col- 
j Uk records for a genealogy of thedescenclanis of William Lee of Bucks 
(binty* Pa. It will include the Lee Family of Bucks County. This William la 
ttld to have been a near relative of Richard Henry Lee of 1776. His descen- 
dants for many generations were quakers. 

PilUbury, By Mrs. E. A. Getchell of Newburyport-^The ancestor of this 
hmily, William Pillsbury, settled at Dorchester in 1641, and died in Newbury, 

Pooif* By William P. Greenlaw, No. 245 Putnam Avenue, Cambrldgeport^ 
Kaas. — John Poole, the emigrant ancestor, died in Reading, Mass., April 1, 1667. 

Satary^—lu the Registkk for April, 1881 (vol. 35, p. 184), a genealogy of 
this family was annonnct'd as tu preparation by A. W. Savary. In October, 
1^87, Jndge Savary i^ontributed an article on the early generations of the Savary 
families to the Rkoisteu ^vol. 41, pp. 36!)-88), We have just received a proa- 
\ of the ijook on which he has so long been engaged, and which will be 
I this year from the press of Alfred Mudge k Son, 24 FraDkLiu BL, BodtoQ« 


/Societies and their Proceedings. 


Mass,, if A 9U file lent n amber of sabscribers to pay the cost of pablication are 
obtained. It will make a volnme of aboat 200 pages, and will be furnished at 
four dollars a copy, express or postair^ prepaid. The title of the book will 
**The Savery Families (Savory and Savary) of New England and Philadelp 
and the Savery Family ** : a Genealoj^ with Biographical Sketches, inciud' 
an extended sketch of the Life and Labors of WUllam Saveiy, Mlnbter of 
Gospel in the Society of Friends, by A. W. Sarary, M.A., of Annapolis Royal, 
N. S.» a«»slsted In the Genealogy by Miss Lydia A. Salary of East Warebkm, 
Mass. Subscriptions should be addressed to A. W> Saraiy, Esq.i AimapoUa 
Royal, Nova Scotia* 

Local HisTOBr in Preparation : 

History of Taunton, Mass, — The Rev. Samuel Hopkins Emery, D.D., of Tatm* 
ton, president of the Old Colony Historical Society, and author of ** The 
Ministry of Taunton,** published in 1853, has In preparation a history of that 
ancient town. Persons having facts or documents relating to Taunton ars 
advised to send them at once to the Rev. Dr. Emery. Though the town i ^ 
were burnt half a century ago, there is still much material preserved relati 
the place, and with »o competent an Mstoriau asi Dr. Emery the book i 
fail to be valuable and interesting. 

New-Enolanb Historic Gekealogical Societt, 

Boston, Moiaachuaetts, Wedneadaif, January <?, J 892. — The annual meeting 
was held In Jacob Sleeper Hall. No. 12 Somerset Street* this afternoon at three 
o*clock» the pre«ldcntt Abner C. Goodell, Jr., A.M., in the chair After the 
transaction of the bnsincss of the regular monthly meeting, the business of the 
aomial iD(K!tiug was takeu up. 

Ilainilton A. Hill, A.M., presented the annual report of the Council. It con- 
talnetl abstracts of reports to the Council by the chairmen of several com- 
mittees, namely : the President, of the society for the committee on the society*! 
house; Rev. Henry A- Hazen» D.D^ for the library committee; Rev. Henry P. 
Jenks, A.M., for the publlsbltit; committee; William S- Appleton, A.M., for 
the committee ou Eug:Lish research ; Hamilton A. Hill, A.M.^ for the committee 
on memorials; Mr. Henry E. Woods, for the commUtee on heraldry; Rev. 
David GnH'Tie Hankins, 8,TkD-j for the committee on papers and essays; 
Rev. William C. WiiihIow, LL.D. , for the committee on donations ; George K. 
Clarke, LL.B., for the committee on the rolls of membership; John Ward Dean, 
A.M., for the coin mil tee to assist the historiographer; and Mr, Henry R. Edes, 
for the corarailtee on the society's records. 

Rev. Ezra H03 1 Byington, D.D., the librarian, made Ms annual report. Thi 
addliions to the library dnriug the year were 682 boolcs and 1947 pamphlets. 

On motion of Charles S. Ensign, LL.B., the thanks of the society were YOt4Ml 
to the Rev. Ezra Hi>yt Bytngtou, D,D., the retiring llbrarifln. 

Mr. Benjamin B. Torrey, the trea^nrer, reported that the annual receipts were 
$3,r»y*H.20, and the expeoditurea were $:J, 145.08, leaving a balance of ^44d.l2. 

The trustees of the Kidder Fund reported that the receipts., including a balance 
at the beginning of the year, were $306.80, of which $153.36 had been expended 
for the purchase of books, leaving $153.44 on hand. The fund amounts to $2000. 

Andrew McFarland Davis, S.B., chairman of the nominating committee, r©* 
ported a list nf candidates for olScers for the ensuing year. George A. Gordon^ 
A. M., nominated a list of candidates identical with the regular lid t except the 
caiuli dates for president and correapondlng secretary. The regular liijt was 
duly elected by ballot as follows : 

President. —Abni&r C. Goodell, Jr., A.M. 

Vicf'Prfisidetits. — Benjamin A p thorp Gould, LL.D., of Cambridge, Mass; 
Joseph Willlatnson, A.M., of Belfast, Me.; Joseph Burbeen Walker, A.M., of 
Concord, N. IL; James Barrett, LL.D., of Rutland, Vt. ; Elisha BenjamlD 
Andrews, D.D., LL.D., of Froridence, 11. L i Edward Elbridge Salisbury, LL.IK* 
of New Haven, Conn. 


Societies and their Proceedings, 


Meeording Seareiarif.^Qmt&vns Arthtir Hlltoo, LL.B-, of Boston, MiMk 

Corresponding Secretary. — Mr. Henry Herbert Edea of Boston, Mass. 

IVeiisnrer,— Mr. Benjamin Barstow Torrey of Boatoo, Mass- 

Librarian. — Henry Winchester CunninshaTn, A.B., of Boston, Mass. 

M*nnhrr» of the CounHl for tkr*'? tjears. — Andrew Pre*it<jn Peabody, D.D*, 
LL.D,. of Cambridge. Miuwi, ; HamUton Andrews Hill, A.M., Boston, Mass. ; Mr. 
Benjamin Greene Smith of Carabrklge. Mass. 

Francis U, Brown, M.D., the correapooding secretary, presented his report. 
Darin j^ the year 1891, seventy-ei«:lit gfentlemen accepted membership, three 
of whom were honorary members and seventy-iive residi'ot merabors. 

HamUton A, Hill, A.M.. the his tori off rap her, reported the necrology con- 
taining the names of three honorary, eleven corresponding, ten life and six 
T««ideiit members, who died in 1891, and of two correaponding members who 
died Id 1890. 

President Goodell then delivered liis Annual Address. 

On motion of HamUton A. Hill, A.M., it was 

Voifd^ That the president's Annual Address, the proceedings of this meeting, 
aod the several reports and papers presented to it, he referred to the comicU 
with full powers* 

Old Colony Historical Society. 

Taunton, ManachuaHU, Wedne^Uiy, January 13, 1892.— The thirty-^I^Titli 
tanual meeting of this Society waa held this day, the prc^^ldent, Rev. S. Hopkins 
Sskery, D.D., in the chair. 

President Emery delivered his annual address ^ In which he referred to the 
RkiU gathering at his house on the 23d of February, 1854, when, under the act of 
Incorporation, the first meeting of the Incorporators wjis held, by-laws were 
adopted and ofHcers chosen. **0f the twelve orlulna! office bearers," he said, 
**only four remain, the Hon. John Ordronaux. our flrst secretary, the present 
diatingtiiAhed professor of the department of law in New York University; 
Henry B. Wheelwriffht, now in Enrope; Mr, Ed^ar H* Reed, the enthusiavStlc 
antiquary of Tnnnton, and myself. Let iis rucnll revt;retitly and alteetionately 
the names of the eight deceased, Nathaniel Morton, Bamuel L. Crocker, Hodijcs 
Beed, all of Taunton; John Dag'rett of Attleboro', Ellis Ames of Canton, Wll* 
Htm R. Deane and Mortimer Blake, both of Manstlekl, and Caleb Swan of 
Eiaton. All thefie name* were In their time IdentiHed with the history of the 
towns they represent. We cherish them as a choice part of the history of this 

Dea. Edgar H. Reed, the historiographer, read memorial sketches of two 
(tec4*aaed members, Mrs. Elizabeth Hart Griswoid of Troy, N* Y., who died 
Nov. l*», 1891, a^»-*d 6y, and Cliarles Rlchratmd Dabney, who died at Brooklyn, 
^ Y-, Dec. 2fi, 1891, aged 55. 

The secretary read a letter from the executor of James Wilson Smith of 
Providence, enclosing a check for $rjOO, the amount of Mr. Smith's legacy. 

The following officers were unanimou^^ly elected : 

Prt*idrn(.—Rcv. S. Hopkins Emery, D.D., of Taunton. 

Vujf I*friiidfint9.— Hon. Edmund H* Bennett of Taunton, Rev. William L. 
In of North East on. 



ittf SfcTftanj atid Librarian. — Capt, John W. D. Hall, of Tannton. 
nding Steretary. — Hon. Charles A- Heied, of Taunton. 
r. — Dr. Elijah U. Jone^. of Tauntott. 
raphrr. — Edgar H. Reed, E«c|., of Taunton. 

—Hon. William E. FuIUt, of Taunton; Gen. Ebonezer W. Peirce, 
of f n < Town; Henry M. Lovering, Esij,, of Taunton; Hon. John S. Brayton, of 
Pall River J Eliaha C, Leonard, Esq., of New Bedford; James M. Cushman, 

of Taunton. 

I |>r. Elijah U. Jones, the treasurer, and Capt. John W. D, Hall, the libraHani 
dc their annual reports. 

Haine Genealogical Society. 

PoHland, lfW«r«dfiy, January 20, 1892.— The Annual Meeting was held this 
e?ening at the Historical Society's library in the Baxter Building, the president, 
fton. M- F. King, in the chair. 

The Urst exercbe was a magic-lantem exhibition of silhouette portraits taken 

192 Societies and their Proeeedinge. [Aprilf 

at Bowdoin Colle^, Bmnswlck, ICaine, while Hon. Lory Odell, of the class of 
1828, was in college, and preserved by him. Among the silhouettes were those 
of Senator William Pitt Fessenden and President Franklin Pierce, bat the/ 
were mostly of the class of 18iS. They are the property of F. O. Conant. 

Mr. Conant, the secretary, reported the death of fonr members darins tiie 
year— Roswell M. Richardson, William M. Sargent, John C. Tnkesbary and 
James R. Lant ; and the admission of twelve new members. 

The librarian and the treasnrer made their annual reports. There is a balance 
of #188.15 in the treasury. 

The following offlers for the ensuing year were unanimously elected : 

PrtsidefU.—yL9iiqxi\% F. King. 

Vice Pre»id«fU.--Albion K. P. Mesenre. 

i88cr«lary.— -Frederick O. Conant. 

Librarian, — Stephen M. Watson. 

2V«atttrer.— Millard F. Hicks. 

Maine Historical Society. 

Portland, Thursday, January 21, 1892.^A meeting was held this day hi 
Baxter Building. 

James P. Baxter, A.M., the president of the Society, at the afternoon session, 
read a paper on " Pre-Columbian Discovery.** 

Henry W. Wheeler, the historian of Brunswick, Maine, read a paper on ** The 
ancient town of Augusta,** a settlement at Small Point Harbour, near the month 
of the Kennebec. It has existed only a few years, and was abandoned about 

Hon. Joseph Williamson gave an account of the discovery of some of the 
historical manuscripts of his uncle, Hon. William D. Williamson, the historian 
of Maine. 

Parker M. Read read a paper on ** Samuel Denny of Ancient Georgetown.** 

At the evening session, President Baxter read portions of a paper by Llewellyn 
Deane of Washington, entitled '* Reminiscences of State Street, Portland, and 
its People.** 

Rhode Island Historical Society. 

Providence, Tueiday, December 15, 1891. — The regular fortnightly meeting 
was held this evening. 

Mr. Henry Crawford Dorr, of New York city, read the first part of a pq>er 
entitled '* Roger Williams and William Harris, or the Controversy between the 
Proprietors and Freeholders of Providence.** 

December 29. — A meeting was held this evening. Mr. Dorr read the second 
part of his paper on *' Williams and Harris.** The remainder will be read oo 
some future occasion. 

Virginia Historical Society. 

Richmond, Monday, December 21, 1891. — The general meeting of this Society 
was held tliis evening in the hall of the House of Delegates, the president, 
the Hon. William Wirt Henry, in the chair. 

President Henry stated that in order to awaken greater interest in the Society, 
the execntive committee had decided to attempt a new departure, namely, that 
of having papers read at these annual meetings. 

Prof. James Mercier Garnett, LL.D., of the University of Virginia, read the 
first paper at this meeting, the subject being ** Early Revolutionary History of 
Virginia, 1773-74.** 

Prof. John B. Henneman, Ph.D., followed with a paper on ** Historic Ele- 
ments in Virginia Education and Literary Effort.** 

Prof. William P. Trent, Ph.D., of the University of the South, read a paper 
entitled •* Notes on Recent Work in Southern History.** 

Prof. J. L. Hall, of WiUiam and Mary College, read a paper entitled <* Cata- 
logue of Epitaphs on Ancient Tombstones in York, James City and Warwick 
Conn ties, Virginia.** 

Tuesday, Dec. 22, 1891. — The second general meeting was held this eveningt 
President Henry in the chair. 

Hon. R. T. Barton, of Winchester, Va., read a paper on «* The First Electioa 
of Washington to the House of Burgesses.** 

1892;] Societies and their Proceedings, 198 

Hon. R. S. Thomas* of Smithflelft, Va^^ followed with a paper on *' The Old 
BHck Charch in Smlthfleld, Va,, bnllt In 1632." 

Mr Richard HajrwanI Gaines, of Richmond, read a paper on ** Ricliraond's 
First Acjid^my, projected by M. Quesnay de Beaurepalrc* in 1786," 

Mr Philip A, Bruce next read a paper on " Agriculture In Virginia during the 
First Twenty Years of the Colony." 

Mr F. P. Brent being: abjicnt, his paper wa,^ read hy Mr J. Taylor Stratton. 
The title l» " Some Unpublished Facts relating to Bacon's Kcbellion in Accomac 
Ccranty, Va." 

Mrs. ADDfe Tucker Tyler read the concltniin^ paper, which was on " Thomas 
BaiisfoFd, the First American Martyr to Liberty." 

The annual election then toolv place, and the following ofllcera were chosen ; 

Prewd^n*.— William Wirt Henry, Richmond, Va. 

Ffce Presidents, — J. L- M, Ctirrv, Washington^ D. C ; Archer Anderson, 
Ri-^" "-r Va.; W. P. Palmer, Kichmotul, Va, 

r>fiing Secretary and Librarian. — R. A. Brock. Richmond, Va. 
/ <Sircr^/^rj^.^Geor|gre A, Barksdale. Kichraond, Va. 
r.— Robert T. Brooke. Richmond, Va. 

Committee. — DaYid C, Richardson, Charles Gorham Barney, Joseph 
Br>iin» Eilward Virg-inius Valentine, John Ott, Grin L. Cottrell, Thomas Nelson 
Page. Bennett W. Green and J. Alston Cabell, of Richmond, Va. ; William A. 
Kanry, of Wa«*hin^on; Lyon G, Tyler, of Williamsburg, Va** and R. M. 
Hofrhes^ of Norfolk, Va. 

Mr. T v.,Ti G. Tyler offered the following resolntion, which was adopted : 

That' the Society approve the bill now pending in the Legislature 
!- : l>ropriatiou of $5,000 for copying county court records prior to 1790. 

The meeting then adjourned. 

Kai^sas State Historical Society. 

Ibp«JNt Tuesday, Januartj 29, 1892, -^The annual meeting was held this 
emiliis lu Bepreaentatives Kail. 

An address was delivered by Judge J. S. Emery of Lawrence, on "History 
and Historical Composition,'* after which Dr. Peter Mc Vicar, president of 
Was^Ubfim College, reatJ a paper entitled 'vSome Hem InlsceneeM concerning School 
LiodA In the Gsage Reservation in Kansas." Dr. Mc Vicar's paper is printed in 
lull in the Topekit Daily Cnjntal, Jan. 20. 

Hon. Franklin O. Adams, the secretary, then read the annual report of the 
board of directors on the work of the Society. The report is printed in the 
Top€ka Daihj Capital, Jan. 2L It shows some hitcrct*ting facts In reference to 
Ibe historical material collected by this Asisoclation. 

The following ofBcers were then elected : 

Frtsidtni. — Ex.-Gov, Thomas A. Osborn. 

Vic4 Prtsidenta, — Jndge B. F. Sampson nnd Flon. A* R. Greene. 

A board of directors was also chosen, several in place of deceased m embers ♦ 
« tiiose who declined to serve or had removed from the state. Among those 
Vfti Mrs. CoL Samuel N. Wood in place of her husband. She is tlie first wo man 
tlialha!^ ever been given a place on the board. The term** of olllce of Hon. T. 
Dmight Thacher, treasurer, and Hon. Franklin G. Adams, the secretary, have 
WA expired. 

State Historical Society of Wisconsik. 

Madison, Thurgdafj, December 10, 1891.— The thirty-ninth Annual Meeting 
was held Thursday evening, December 10. 1R91. in the* senate chamber in the 
Btate Capitol, the president, Hon. John Johnson, iu the chair 

The pri'sident delivered a brief address. 

The corre!<pondlng secretary, Mr. Ren ben G. Thwaltes, in behalf of the 
Kxecative committee, presenti'd its annual report. 

Hon. N. B. Van Slyke, chairman of the committee on flnance, presented his 
f^t.r.ri niinrovlng the annual report of the treasurer Mr Frank F. Proudilt. 

liam A. P. Morris, chalnnan, presented the report of the auditing 

A cai>iL*>r for two years, in place of Dr. Lyman C. Draper, and twelve cura- 
tor for three years, were then choiien. Members were also elected. 


194 JSTecroloffff ofHUtorie Chfualoffteal Society. [April, 

ThanlDS were Toted to President Johnson for his vianUlcent gift of books dnr- 

Ing the year, and for the interest shown in the affidrs of the Society. 

On motion of Dr. Van Slyke, a committee was appointed for the maaagemeBt 
and letting of the Draper homestead, now the property of the Society, and 
Messrs. Charles Chapman, N. B. Van SlylLe and & G. Thwaites were selected 
as the committee. 

Corresponding Secretary Thwaites then delivered an address on the Life and 
Character of Lyman Copdand Draper, LL.D. At the conclnsion brief informal 
remarks, eulogistic of Dr. Draper's work and career, were made by sevenl 
members. This address is printed in full, with portrait, in the Society's pamph- 
let proceedings, as is also Dr. Dn^>er'8 will, by which his library and other 
property are bequeathed to the Society. A subscription pi4>er was then started 
to procure a fitting portrait of Dr. Draper for the Society's gaUery. 

A paper on the late Hon. Asahel Fitch of Milwaukee, by Hon. A. M. Thom- 
son, was presented and ordered to be printed. 

Messrs. R. G. Thwaites, N. B. Van Slyke, Charles £. Estabrook, Lucius 
Falrchlld and Burr W. Jones were appointed a select committee to further the 
project of a new building for the Society. 

The officers for the current year, are : 

Fresident. — Hon. John Johnson, of Milwaukee. 

Corresponding Secretary,— Reuben G. Thwaites, of Madison. 

Becording decretory.— Elisha Burbank, of Madison. 

Treasurer. — Frank F. Proudfit, of Madison. 

Librarian, — Daniel S. Durrie (to whom communications may be addressed). 

There are also sixteen vice presidents, eleven honorary vice presidents, and 
thirty-nine curators, of whom three are ex-^fficio. 


Prepared by Hamilton Andrews Hill, A.M., Historiographer of the 8oeie|y« 

The Historiographer would inform the Society, that the sketches pre- 
pared for the Register are necessarily brief in consequence of the limited 
space which can be appropriated. All the facts, however, which can be 
gathered are retained in the Archives of the Society, and will aid in more 
extended memoirs for which the ** Towne Memorial Fund," the gift of the 
late William B. Towne, is provided. Four volumes, printed at the charge 
of this fund, entitled *' Memorial Biographies," edited by the Commit- 
tee on Memorials, have been issued. They contain memoirs of all the 
members who have died from the organization of the society to the year 
1862. A fifth volume is ready for the press. 

Gilbert Nash, Esq., a resident member, elected January 4, 1882, died at Bast 
Braiutree, Mass., April 13, 1888, aged nearly 63. He was a son of Capt. Timothy 
and Mrs. Elizabeth (Gushing) Nash of Weymouth, in which town he was bom 
April 28, 1825. He was the seventh in descent from Capt. James^ Nash, an 
original settler of Weymouth, through Lieut. Jacob,' Lieut. Joseph,' Job,* 
Lieut. Timothy,* and Capt. Timothy* his father. Through his mother, he was 
the eighth in descent from Dea. Matthew Cusbing, an original settler of 
Hingham, Mass. 

Gilbert Nash was educated in the common schools of his native town. At the 
age of eighteen, in the autumn of 1843, he went to St. Louis. Mo., where he en- 
gaged in the boot and shoe trade with an elder brother Timothy. In the spring 
of 1858 he returned to Weymouth, and was engaged in the shoe manufacture f<tf 
a short time. In 1852 he removed to Boston and entered the employ of the firm 
of which his brother, Abner P. Nash, was a partner, in the boot, idioe and leather 

.] Ntcrology of Historic Genealogical Society* 195 

tnuin^ss* A few years later be became associated with hia l)rotber, under tbe 
flno of A. P. Nasb & Co., which for many years was a well-known leather house. 
He waa engaged In the boot, shoe and leather business^ either as principal or 
employee^ antll his death, living alternately in Weyraouth, Boston » Melrose and 

He was interested in the public schools, serving on the school committees of 
Weymouth and Melrose. He wan for several years uue of tlie ami i tors of the 
town of Weymoatb, and for a time previous to his removal to Braiotroe one 
of the trustees of the Tufts Library, He was connected with t!ie Congre- 
fratioual Church as an active worker, serving a^* a deacon iu the Berkeley Street 
Cborch, Boston, and a teacher in its Sunday school; and as supertntendeut of 
the Sttudaj school at Melrose. At tht* time of his death he was a deacon and 
the superintendent of the Sunday school of the Union Cougregatlona! Church of 
Wermouth aod Bralntree. 

He early developed literary tastes and wrote mauy articles for the news- 
papers. In the fall of 18Bl> be published a volume entitled " Bay Leaves and 
other Poems." He was interested in loc4il and family history and showed a 
p^at aptitude for antiquarian research. He was one of the founders of the 
Wcrmoiith Historical Society in 1871>,and waw its first recording secretary » wldch 
office he held till his death. He was the editor of the two volumes of the pub' 
lications of that society, namely: 1, Journal of Gen. Solomon Lovell, 1881, 
to which he contributed a sketch of the life of Gen. Lovell^ 2, Sketch of 
Weymouth, 1885» of which be was the author. Among tiie unpublished manu- 
icrlptoleft by him are a genealogy of the Nasb family of Weymouth> and much 
MaCorical and genealogical matter relating to ttiat town. 

Mr. Nash married 1st, July 2^, 184f>, Catharine Augusta McKnigbt of Pidlar 
delphia, who die<i August 21t, 1840, He married 2d, December 31, 1847, Eliza 
Charlotte, daugliter of Riehani Harbord, a native of Loudon, w!io died in 
Wejrmouth l« 1883. In 1885 he was again married, to Helen Nash of Loveland, 
Ohio, who sur^'ives him. 

An account of his fuuerali which was held at the Union Chnreh, Monday after- 
noon, April 16, 1888, is printed iu tbe Weymouth Gazette^ April 20, w ith a sketch 
of hia life, to which I am indebted for some of tbe facts here given, 

B^ John Ward Dean, A^M. 

£paKAiM GsoRGE Sqitier, A.M., a corresi ponding member, elected May 1, 
mi, died at Brooklyn, N.Y., April IT, 1888, aged Hti. He was born in Bethle- 
hem, KtY., June 17, 1821, the son of a nietbodlst minister whose father ridlip 
Squler was a soldier in tbe revolutionary war. IVlien a youth, be worlved on a 
turn In the summer and taught school in winter. At eighteen he published a 
TfUaj^e newspaper in Charlton, N.Y., and studied civil engineering. He after^ 
wir& removed to Albany, N* Y., where iu 18i0 he edited the Parlor Mmjasiyie, 
which the next year was succeeded by the PoH's Magazine; but only two num- 
bers of the latter periodical were issued. From 1841 to 1842 be contributed to 
ind virtually edited the New York State Mechanic, published at Albany. In 1843 
be published *' The Chinese as they are." The same year he went to Hartford* 
Cl, and for two years edited the Hnrlford Daily Jourmsl, a whig newspaper, 
tad was an ardent supi>orter of Henry Clay, then a candidate for the presidency 
of the United States. In 1845 be became the editor of tbe Sciota Gazetin, at 
Chillloothe, Ohio, and held the position nearly lliree years. He was clerk of the 
Ohio legislature during the winter of 1847-8. With Edward Hamilton Davis, 
ILD», he wrote '* Ancient Mouimients of the Mississippi Valley," published in 
IHS in the first volume of tbe *' Smithsouiau Contributions to Knowledge." 

When Gen. Zachary Taylor became president of the United States, in 1849, 
he appointed Mr. Squier charge d'atfatres to the republics of Central America. 
La that position he negotiated treaties with Nicaragua, Honduras and San Sal* 
rador respectively. In 18tj3 he was appointed United States commissioner to 
Pern. He was the first president of tbe A utbropo logical Institute of New York 
in 1871, and a member of a large number of learned societies. For several years 
he was chief editor of Frank Leslie's publications. He has published uuuierous 
works on archieologjcal, historical and geographical subjects. A list of them 
wfll be found iu Allibone's Dictionary of Authors, vol. 2, pp. 221iJ^5, Duycki nek's 
Cyclopiedia of American Literature, vol. 2, pp. 695-7, and tbe Cyclopedia of 
American Biography, voL 5, p. (>41. Among them may be named *' Aboriginal 
rOL. XLVL 17 

196 Kecrology of the Historic Genealogical Society, [April, 

Monaments of the State of NewTork,- 1849; ** Serpent SjTnbola,** 1852 ; " VlcMr 
rairiia— Its People, Scenery and Monument^/* lft52 ; •♦ Notes on Central America,'* 
1854; *» Walkna, or AdTentures on the Mosquito Shore/' 1855 1 ** The States of 
Central America," 1857 ; " Monographs of Authors who have written on the 
Almriglnal langrnagea of Central America," 1860; ** Tropical Floras and their 
Economic Extraction/* 1861; •'Peni: Incidents and Explorations In the Land 
of thp Incas," 1877. 
Mr. Squler was an extensive contrlbator to periodical literature. 
Bv John Ward Dtan^ AM. 

Eleazkr Fkakkun Pratt, Esq., Boston, a resident member, elected Feb. 8, 

1850, died In this cltj Oct. 14, 1888, aged 75 years and six months^ He was bom 
on Sheafe Street at the North End, BoHton, May 14, 1813; was educated In 
the public schools, and graduated from the Ellot School with a well deserved 
Franklin medal. He was a playmate with Edward and Henry Ward Beecher, 
who lived on the same street. He continued throughout his life to take an 
Interest In the welfare of that part of the city. He was one of the oldest mem- 
bers of the Ellot School Association, and wrote some Interesting accounts of the 
school In its earlier days. For years he had been a member of the Old School 
Boys* Association. 

He was a scholarly man and particularly Interested in the study of history and 
theology. Exceedingly fond of the lineage of his family, he had devoted mnch 
time to a history of his branch of the Pratt family In which he was an authority, 
and which at his decease was nearly ready for the press. 

He began his business career, about a year after attaining his majority, in the 
wholesale drug and paint business In this city, under the firm name of Pratt k 
King, which ted to the subsequent establishment of the present honsc of E, &F. 
King & C<K, one of the largest In the trade in the United States. 

Mr. Pratt retired from business in 1849, and devoted himself to literary pur- 
suits. He was a thorough Unitarian and a member of the late Jamee Freeman 
darkens church. 

He was much Interested In the General Theological Library, of which he wis 
an oti^cer. The late Mr. Alexander Young, in the BoHon Post^ over the ftlgaatore 
of *' Tavern er," thus epeaks of hira : *' The life of this courteous gentleman was a 
singularly happy one, and his de-alh, surroanded by his family, was as he wisbed 
like falling to sleep. Retiring from business about fifty years ago, he bad 
the tastes and capacity for the enjoyment of leisure such as few of this genera- 
tion of struggling money getters are favored with. He took a deep interest in 
the cause of good government and was faithful in the performauce of hU dntiefl 
^s a citizen. His kindly Instincts led him to aid those ou whom fortune had 
turned her back, and his interest In young men was a pleasant feature of hli 
£enial activities." 

Bif Franklm S^ ProU, Esq,, of BoUon, Moit. 

Ebexezkk ToRKBT, A.M., a resident member, elected Nov. 6, 1867| was bom 
In Franklin, Mass., August 16, 1801. He fitted for college at the Leicester and 
Lancaster academies, and entered Harvard in 1818, graduating in 182i}. He 
went to Fitchburg, and studied law with John Shepley ; in 1825 he was admitted 
to the bar^ and for two years practised alone. In 1827 he formed a partnership 
with Nathaniel Wood (Harvard CuOege 1821), which continued during nearly 
half a century, and until the death of Mr. Wood In 1876. Mr, Torrey wai 
treasurer of the town of Fitchbnrg for thirty successive years. He was one of 
the incorporators of the Fitchburg Bank, formal In 1*833, and served it as 
cashier and president. He was also a trustee of the Worcester Mutual Ftri 
Insurance Company. In 1882, and again in 1847, he was a member of thi 
Ifaasacbusettii House of Representatives, and in 1849 he was a member of th« 
Massachusetts Senate, and chairman of the committee on banks and banking. 
In 1853 and 1854, he was a member of the Executive Council with Gov^niort 
John H. CiliTord and Emory Washburn. As this record shows, Mr. Torrey wai 
an enterprising, public spirited aud highly trusted citl^n. He wa» a Imdiog 
member of the Unitarian Church in Fitchburg, and was exemplary in all tbe 
relations of life. He died at Fitchburg, Sept. 3, 1888. He was twice married, 
first to Frances Houghton of Fitchburg, secondly to Sarah Arnold of Uxbridga. 

Book Notices. ^^^P 197 


(Tb^ Bditor r(^q1lesu personi sendtng hooks Tor notice to stAte, for the {nfonTiation of 
f««der«t the price of eaco book, with the amoant to be added for postage when t^eot by 

J%€ Archie* oftht CorporaUon of Andover. Bj the Rev. R, H» Clutterbuck, 

Eoctor of PentoD Mewsey, Pttrt I. Reprinted from the *' Andover Adver» 

tlser/' Sm. 8vo. pp. 80. Piice one stiiiiiug. 

The town of Aiidover In Hampshire, though but a small place, is stUl of aoioe 
fmportance ilb the ccDtre of a large agricultural district, and anciently, no 
doubt, when the textile trades were carried on in itiij* part of the county, was 
of no sixi&U note. From a very early date It wajs a corporate town, and the 
men of Aodover received the grant of a gild merchant npwards of seven 
hundred years ago. Necessarily there has been a vast accumulation of records* 
■nd it Is most remarkable how very many of thera have been preserved to onr 
day* The rolls on which are recorded the maneloqnium or '* morrow speech" 
of the town council — the minuter, as we should ssy now — go hack na early as the 
relgQ of Henry IH.^ and so do the enrolmentsf Only those who have seen 
%hme records have any idea how extennlve and numerous they are. Fifty-five 
jtmn ago Mr. Footner, the then town clerk, reported to the Record Cnminisslon 
that neither he nor anyone in the district could read them. The corpomtion 
even th«n was alive to the importance of taking care of them, and employed a 
Mr, Titheridge to sort them. He catalogued them to some extent, but there re- 
BUuned and has remained ever since a vast mass of parchmeritH and papers 
to utter confusion. Irately the town council has taken up the question of their 
iteortraent, and the task of classifying them has been entnisled to Mr. Clutter- 
buck, a beneftced clergyman In the uelghborhood of Andover, who lias had 
great experience in decyphcring records. The present pamphlet is the result of 
some of his work. Very wisely Instead of waiting till every ilocnment was 
examined and classed, he has made abstracts and extracts as he has gone along^ 
■ad sent them week by week tf* the local newspaper. The result is perhaps 
•omewhat mixed, but antiquaries will not grumble when they see the mass of 
lufonnation thus placed before thera. 

In the present part we have tJrst some wills of loca.1 people, and then come 
*W "^•^•'^i tns tem. William III.." with many lists of names. Next are two 
h Recognisances,*' lB4y-17n2, Then follow a series of '' indictments,' 

tt!_., iiaro IIL, as well as miscellaneous documents. At p«Lre 3i> we find an 

excellent account of the court leet of Andover antl its local features. Mr. 
Outterbuck gives numerous extracts of the time of William III , from the pre- 
wotments of the jury with lists of the inhabitants returned by the tithing men, 
foUowed by specimens of the presentments made at the view uf Frank pledge 
ts the time of Elizabeth. 

The records of Andover will be of great interest to New-England folk» for 
Andover, Mass., was largely peopled from the old Hampshire town. Mr. Clut- 
terbuck has intimated that while the sorting goes on he is willing to note any 
names of interest to American genealogists. After his work is completed thai 
will not be possible, as the records are unlndeied. 

When we remember that this work c^riginally appeared in the columns of a 
newspaper it must be admitted that it makes a very respectable show, and th© 
pfoprietors of the Andover Adeerther must be congratulated on the result, 
Tlieir example Is one which might witli advantage be followed by other local 
liewifpapers. We shall look forward to the next part, and can cordially recom- 
mend U. It Is a marvel of cheapness. 

B^ W. P. W. Fhaiimore, M.A., B.C.L., of London, England, 

Otiory of Braintree, MaaBachusms (1639-1708), The North Prerinct of 
Mnimrte (1 708-2 792 j, and the Town of Quinqf ( 1 792-1889). By Charlks 

198 Booh IfoUces. [April, 

Francis Apams. Cambridge : Printed at the Biyenide Press. 1891. 8to. 

pp. 865. Fifty copies only printed and distributed bj the author. 
Sotne Pka$es of Sexual Morality and Church Discipline in Colonial New England. 

By Charles Francis Adams. (Beprinted from the Proceedings of the Massa- 

chasetts Historical Society, Jane, 1891). Cambridge: John Wilson & Son, 

University Press. 1891. 8vo. pp. 46. 

Here may be read the rise and course of a New-England town, whose citizens 
were mostly rude, uncultivated, often perverse, men, endued with the ordinary 
attributes of selfishness, yet controlled and directed by the few more intelligent 
and broader minds, at whose head for the early generations was the minister 
and, later, the wealthy and educated families, whose fortunes acquired else- 
where supported them in ease and moderate affluence on the barren soil. When 
the throes of revolution came, it is evident how eagerly the humbler classes, 
who had little to lose, entered into it, and how reluctant and hesitant were tlie 
more wealthy ; how small a portion of the men went to war with the mothtf 
land; and how lightly the expense of the struggle was borne. The mighty 
change which took place* when the money value of the ledges beneath the hard 
surface was developed, is clearly set forth, leading forward to conditions 
which forced the expansion of the town into the city of to-day, and its preparir 
tion for incorporation, by and by, into the larger Boston of the future. 

The influence of the Norman element was for the best interests of the whole 
community. In no New-England town was the energy, the enterprise and the 
formative power of the blooded families, settled among the people, more pro- 
nounced than as exemplified by the Quincys, the Apthorps, the Borlands, the 
Cleverleys and the Vassalls of Braintree. Content to subsist on the product 
of their farms, with very moderate margins for income, they dwelt as did their 
humbler neighbors, in every day life and labor; but their wise and masterful 
direction of public afikirs was manifest and paramount at the annual March 
meeting, where the right of free discussion and vote always existed. In busi- 
ness there was very small traffic, for there was almost no money, and no surplus 
was raised. The farming barely supported the inhabitants; probably would 
not, had not proximity to Boston and easy access by water furnished a ready 
market for the cider, the pumpkins and the beans, spared from slender hoards 
to supply indispensable wants and the taxes. Small fisheries flourished, and 
vegetables were exported to Spanish and other tropical, or semi-tropical, ports. 
Out of this and, as it grew, quitting Braintree, came Colonial commerce and the 
hardy seamen who conducted it. In this history, that of Braintree was veiy 
similar to that of other Massachusetts coast towns; the gentle blood filled the 
highest political stations, while the deacon, the highest elective church oflElclal, 
came from tlie plain people. The minister was imported and, we are afraid, 
very meanly and grudgingly supported. The narrow thoughts and petty lives 
of the towns-people, the vulgarity of their manners, the lax moral tone and 
universal intemperance, prevalent in the Colonial period, are well known to all 
students and searchers of county records. Distilleries were frequent, taverns 
ubiquitous and every country store had its open bar. The indictments of the 
grand juries evidence the gross indulgence, of which only the most flagrant and 
grievous cases came to public notice. The records of Essex and Middlesex 
parallel, if not surpass any cases cited in the pamphlet, whose title is given 
above and which is printed as an appendix to this volume. Great stress was 
practised in haling before the courts respondents for acts, to-day regarded as 
private or of small public concern. 

All this and much more Mr. Adams shows in a series of delightful chapters, 
with full record of the ultimate changes efiiected by the railway and the granite. 
Such is the wholesome flavor of the antiquary and the political philosopher, 
which pervades the volume, that one is at a loss for preference between the 
Braintree of the past and the Quincy of the present ; or to determine if, indeed, 
the author has such a preference. As Mr. Adams announces this volume 
preliminary to a more extended work, we hope he will see his way to add ap- 
pendices of town and church official lists; records of births, marriages and 
deaths, with more extended genealogies of the leading families, whose reputa- 
tion a .d fame have carried the name of the city into almost half the states of 
the Union, even to the distant commonwealths on the Pacific Coast, as well as 
furnished an acceptable praenomen in innumerable instances. 

By George A. Oordon, A.M., of Somervillet Mass. 

Book Jfotice9, 


Tear*BoQk of the Nhe York Society of 8om of the BevoltUion, New York : 

Exchange Printing Company. 8vo, pp- 283. 

This handsome specimen of the printer's and blnder^s skill surpaasea the 
previous publications of tkiB Society, tlu» pioneer in arousing a worthy respect 
lor the men who fought In ihe War of the Revolution. 

IntttUut<^1 in 1876, re-awakened and re-organized in 1883, since the later date by 
itt example it ha^i been the means of creating an interest througlicmt the Union 
lod haa extended the right hand of fellow&ihip to societies^ organized in the 
itates of Pennsylvania, District of Columbia, Iowa, New Jersey^ Georgia and 
Missacbiiaetts, uniting with them and forming a National Society, 

Lists o£ the officers of the different state societies are found In the pages of 
tike bookf the CoDStitutioD of the General Society and By-Laws of the New York 

The importance of the work to genealogists lies tn an alphabetical list of the 
nembera* names* with their relationship to their Eevolutfonarv ancestors and 
the active service of the ancestor through whom their claim for memberHhlp 
niBis, As BQch claims are from authorlKed documentary evidence, the accuracy 
of the record can be readily appreciated by those who have been furnished 
tfaffitlonnry evidence of by -gone days. 

. ale nee of prominent names of the Revolutionary period Is marked on 
a ; r the record of its nine hundred and two memlxTs, a majority of 

wboiij un^e supplementary claims of descent from active participants in the 
ctmgglc for freetlom; tliat the energetic spirit whicli pervaded the soldiers and 
ftatesmen of those days has not deteriorat<»d Is evidenced by the fact tliat the 
Sew York Society includes in its membership men of high social standing and 
fmUbLr to all the present generation by their national reputation iu their diHerent 

Incorporated In the work is the stirring address delivered by Prof. Henry P. 
latmaOD on May U, 1»91, on " Tlconderoga, or the Defeat of the Old World in 
the New/* and a poem on *' The Name of Wtishington," by Geo. Farsona Latbrop. 

Berrer&l Illustrations specially engraved for this work are inserted, one of 
Wlll^ Is a portrait of Washington copied from Conder's picture, 

Bjf Walter K, Watkim, Esq., of Chelsea, Mass, 

Tmf'Bi}ok of the ConnectictU Society of the Son* of the American Jitvolution for 

1891 ; to tthich i* prefixed a Ilisiory of the Organization of the Soeietif, art forth 

fn Official Reports. Hartford^ Conn, : Case, Lockwood & Brainard Company* 

1892- Pp.214. Price $LO0. 

r.r. H..- r.rsanlzation, March 7, 1889, of the New Jersey Sons of the American 
K by a few of the mcmljers of the New York Society of Sons of the 

Ui I, a circular was Issued by the New Jersey Society for the formation 

of state sjocletles. 

Connectlcnt promptly responded in April, 1889, organizing a state socle^. 
t^alike the New Jersey and other of the state societies of the Sons of the 
American Revolution, the Connecticut Society's requirements for raemben^hip 
more strict and similar to tbone of the Sons of the Kevohitlon, with whom 
A similarity of names It has often been confounded. That the parent 
\ of Sons of the Revolution be taken is the desire of many members, m\ti it 
I be readily appreciated by aU as a simple Bolutlon to rectify an unfortunate 
choice of a name, and where a common interest demands union In words and 

The biatory of the growth of the society shows the untiring elTorta of Us 
oOloerB and members, which have culminated in producing a membership of 
ov«r live hundred. 

Added to a list of members ta a valuable necrology of those who, having 
reverenced the deeds of their ancestors, have joined the great army as feilow 
members with them. 

The typographical qualities of the book are enhanced by plioto-raechanical 
rtproductions of portraits of Jonathan Trumbull and Israel Putnam. 

Tlie work as a whole reflects great credit on the Committee of Publication, 
M«iars Joseph W. Woodward, Lucius F. Eoblnson, Jonathan F, Morris, Lucius 
P, Deming and Rufus W. Griswold. 

By Walter K. WatkiM. Esq,, of Chelsea, Mass, 
VOL, XLVL 17* 


200 Book Nbtieen. [April, 

Town Records of Manche$Ur, from 1718 to 1769, at eontained in the '* Com- 
moners* Records:' and the " Fourth Book of Town Records," 1736 to 1786. 
Volume IL Salem, Mass. : The Salem Press Pablishing aad Printing Co., 
1891. 8vo. pp. 212. 

The publication by the town of Manchester, Mass., of a printed Tolnme con- 
taining all the general records of the town which hare been preserved to ns 
from the beginning down to the year 1736, comprised in the Second and Third 
Books of the Town Records, was noticed In the Bboistbr for January, 1890 
(xliv. 125), and the hope was expressed that the good work would not be 
allowed to stop there, but that steps should be taken to carry it on to completion. 
At the annual town meeting held in March, 1890, the town voted to continue 
the printing of its ancient records, and the volume before us is the result. It 
contains the Fourth Book of the Records of the Town, from 1786 to 1786, with 
the exception of certain tax lists and constables' receipts. There are added 
also extracts from the volume entitled *' Commoners' Records," beginning in 
1718 and ending in 1769. These extracts were printed in accordance with 
another vote of the town passed at the same meeting. The volume is provided 
with an index of persons arranged by Christian and surnames, and an index of 
places and subjects. 

To the able and efficient town clerk, Alfred S. Jewett, and the committee, 
Daniel Leach, D. L. Bingham and William H. Tappan, who have so cordially 
co-operated with him, the town is indebted for the success of this effort to pre- 
serve from destruction the fast-decaying records of one of the oldest towns in 
Massachusetts. It must be remembered that these ancient records concern not 
only those who now live within the narrow limits of the town, but the de- 
scendants, scattered all over the Union, of its early settlers, and indeed mSSl 
antiquaries and historical scholars everywhere throughout the land, for they 
are part of the history of the Commonwealth, and that history cannot be 
properly written without a thorough study of the history of the towns that 
comprise it. The printing of such volumes as these is now for the first time 
making these town records accessible to the historian. 

The hope is again expressed that long before the approaching celebration of 
the 250th anniversary of the town, all its records from the earliest times down 
to at least the beginning of the present century, if not later, may be put beyond 
the reach of destruction by the art of the printer. The printed page is a monu- 
ment more lasting than brass, and it is the only monument which is imperish- 
By John T Hassam, A.M., of Boston. 

Toung Folks' History of the United States. By Thomas Wbntworth Hioginsok. 

Boston: Lee & Shcpard, Publishers. New York: Charles T. Dillingham. 

1891. 8vo. pp. vi.-f 400+33. Price $1.50. 

This very readable little history will be instructive to adults as well as to 
children. Col. Higglnson treats his subject carefully, fairly, and in a way 
which ought to Interest the young. The period of the civil war, perhaps the 
most difficult of any to the historian, especially to the writer of a ** popular" work, 
is admirably portrayed. Col. Higginson is well qualified for his task, and has 
shown dis<cretlon not only in what he has so well arranged and condensed, but 
in what he has omitted altogether. The illustrations are numerous and pleasing, 
and the chronological table, and the questions, which latter fill thirty-three pages, 
will be of great assistance. The list of *' Books for Consultation ** contained in 
the appendix, and the statistics given, show excellent judgment in selection. 
The volume contains a map of what is now the United States, with data explain- 
ing the accessions of territory at diflferent times. We have examined several 
** popular" state histories in the past few years which fall to serve the purpose 
for which they were intended, because the works are superficial and lacking 
in the very respects and characteristics which commend the volume before us. 
A *' popular" history which does not contain the constitution of the state or 
nation which is its subject, and which devotes a few lines only to one important 
epoch, and many unnecessary pages to another, is a poor thing. We tako 
pleasure in recommending Col. Higginson's book, and consider it a remarkably 
good Young Folks* History of the United States. 

By George Kuhn Clarke, LL.B, of Needham, Mass. 


Book Nbiices, 


Th4 Original Mother Gho9e'9 Melody y cis issued by John Newberif^ London^ circa 
1760; Isaiah Thomas of Worc^sUr, circa 77^5, and Monroe dfr Francis, circa 
1825, Reproduced in facsimile from the first Wort^fAer edition, Wifh Intro* 
ductory Notes. By William H. Wm-ofOiiE. To which are added The Fairy 
TaUs of Mother Goose, firat collfCtpd btf PcrrauU in 1696, reprinted from the 
(trifjini^l translation inio EnQlish by M. Smnher in 1729. Danirell ^ Dpham, 
The Old Corner Book Store, Boston* Griffith, Farran & Co,, Limited, New- 
bery House, London, 1892. Price #L50. 

The first edition of Mr. Whltmore's monoj^raph on Mother Goos^o was pub- 

li^ed in October, 1890, and Vfvm notlcwi by iis in January, 18^1. In that work 

BB^ Wb-itmore successfnlly showed the trne nature of the fablei^ about the 

P^Pboiahip of Mother Goose's fiielodie!), which for a quarter of a centnry have 

IMi so iodnstrionsly circnlateil ; and he showed the true origin of the name 

and the inelodies. 

The present edition Is much enlarged and itn proved. The author's positions 
hayc been fortitled by new proofs. Anioog the newspapers of the second half 
of the Last centary he tlnds evidence that the bookseilers and printers of Boston 
gaTe the children of New Enjs^land a chance to become familiar with some of 
the characteristic melodies collccttHl by Newbery, I have little doubt that 
copies of the whole book, Mother Goose's Melody ^ were imported and sold In 
Boston soon after Newbery issued it in Loadou. The mtJi*t Important addition 
to this edition is a fac*simile reprint of a New York edition of 1795. of Mr» 
Charles Perrault's Tales, which Mr. Whitinore showed in his last edition gave 
popolarity to the name, Mother Goose. A memoir and portrait of Perrauit are 
gtven. Mr. Whitmore's research leaves little to be desired on the qnetttioas 
he discusses. 

MofOcalm and Wolfe, By Francis Parkman. Fourteenth edition {being part 
serenth of his France and En^jland in North America). Boston : published 
by Little, Brown & Company. University Press, John Wilson & Son. 1»90, 
2 vols. 8vo, pp. xvL-f 514 and x.H-502. 

This is the fourteenth edition of a well-known standard work, which tcdls the 
flory of the events that led to the capture of Quebec, and of Im important and 
far-Teaching resalts. As a historian we consider Mr. Parkman as able, accurate 
md happy In his style aa any of the writers who by laborious research have 
presented to the world trustworthy accounts of ttie development of the American 
eondneDt. What Bancroft has done to illumine the history of the United 
States^ and Prescott to throw llirlit upon the Spanish con<juestsi*in the new world, 
Pirkman has to a large degree accomplished in his chosen domain, the struggle 
of France and Great Britain for supremacy in America. The second volume 
contains a likeness of Wolfe at the age of sixteen years» and Is the only picture 
of him known to exist, as he never after sat for his portrait. 
By George Kuhn Clarke, LL,B, of Needham, Mass, 

.fragments of Bevolutionanj History. Being hitherto nnpuhlished writings of the 
Mm of the Am^rt>an Eevolution, collected and edited under authority of the 
District of Columbia Soeiety, Sons of the Mevolntion. By Gauxahp Hunt, 
Registrar and Historian, Brooklyn, N, Y. : The Historical Printing Club. 
1892. 8vo, pp. 200. Price in paper ^2.00, In half leather $2.50. 
The Interest excited by the formation of Societies of Sons of the Revolution 
Have led to the ;^theriii^ and publication of much that la pertinent to that 
|>ericKl of the nation's hlstory. 

In this collection of lettcjrs, which is mainly in the possession of some of the 
tnerobers of the District of Columbia Society of Sous of the Revolution, the 
bUtorian and .student will 11 nd new material and corroboration of previous 
;|»abUcations on the Revolutionary War. 

Especially can this be said retrardiuff that part of the fltnxg^le w hen the opcra- 
^on# were in the southern states. The correspondence of Morgan, Mercer and 
X^ayette are of special value. The interest Ls also quickened by tlie addition 
of Washington Letters, the appearance in print of which is always hailed with 
%rdor by the student of American history, and which awaken ouvioiia dreams in 
tlie autograph collector. 

By Walter K. Watkin$, Esq., of Chelsea, Mass. 

202 Book Noiiees. [AprO, 

A Beeordy Genealogical, Biographical and StatiaHcal of Thoma$ Stanton of Con^ 
necticut and His DescendanU, 1635-1891, By William A. Stamtok, PIlD., 
D.D. Albany, N. Y. : Joel ManseU's Sons. Id91. 8to. pp. 618. Price %1 
in QDcat boards, or $8 in leather binding. 

The Beckwiths. By Paul Bbckwith. Albany, N. Y. 1891. 8yo. pp. 884. 
Address the author, Paol Beckwith, Esq., St. Lonis, lilssonri. 

Autumn Leaves from Famity Trees: Historical, Biographical and Genealogical 
Materials relating to the Cauffman, Chidsey, Churchmany Fotter, Montgomery, 
Bodenboughy tShewell and affiliated families. Gathered and pressed for whom 
it may concern, by a kinsman, Thomas Francis Bodbnbouoh. Illostrated. 
New York. 1892. 8vo. pp. 804. Edition 150 copies. A few copies remAiB 
unsold which can be obtained of Messrs. Clark & Zngalla, pnblisliers, 83 Qold 
Street, New York, for ^ a copy postpaid. 

Genealogy. Strobridgcy Morrison or Morisouy Strawbridge, By Mart Stoju 
(Paul) Guild. Lowell, Mass. : Vox Populi Press, S. W. Hose & Co. 1891. 
8vo. pp. xxlx.-f 299. Edition 600 copies. 

Forbes and Forbush Genealogy, The Descendants of Daniel Forbu»h who eofm^ 
from Scotland about the year 1665 y and settled in Marlborough, Mass., in 1676, 
By Fredkrick Clifton Pierce of Chicago, 111. Published for the aothor. 

1892. 8vo. pp. 199. 

History of the Dudley Family, Number VI, By Dean Dudley. Wakefield, 
Mass. : Dean Dudley, Publisher. 1892. 8yo. pp. 114. Price %\ per Number. 

Genealogy of the Estabrook Family y including the Esterbrooks and Ea8terbrook$ of 
t?te United States. By William Booth Estabrook. Ithaca, N. Y. : Andrua 
& Church. 1891. 12mo. pp. 859. Price : cloth plain #8 ; cloth gilt edges f4; 
half morocco $5 ; full morocco #6. Postage 10 cts. extra. 

Wheeler and Warren Families. Descendants of George Wheeler, Concord, Mass,, 
1630 y through Deacon Thomas Wheeler y 1696 y and of John Warren, BoMon, 
Mass.y 1630 y through Ebenezer Warren, Leicester y Mass,y 1744, Compiled by 
Henry Warren Wheeler. Albany, N. Y. : Joel Mnnsell's Sons, PnbUshers. 
1892. Fcp. 4to. pp. 121. 

Clasony Clawsony Classon, Clossony Clanson. Stephen Clason of Stanford, 
Connecticuty in 16o4y and some of his Descendants, Compiled and arranged 
from data chiefly collected by Oliver B. Clason of Gardiner, Maine, By William 
B. Lapham. Augusta : Kennebec Journal Print. 1892. 8vo. pp. 144. Cloth. 
Price ^2. 

Historical Sketches of John Moses of Plymouth y a Settler of 1632 to 1640: John 
Moses of Windsor and Simsburyy a Settler prior to 1647 ; and John Moses of 
Portsmouth, a Settler prior to 1640, and a Genealogical Becord of some of their 
Descendants. By Zkbina Moses. Hartford, Conn. : Press of the Case, Lock- 
wood & Brahmrd Company. 1890. 8vo. pp. 138. 

Descendants of Aaron and Mary (Church) Magoun, Pembroke, Mass, With i2Zii»- 
trations and a Complete Index, Third Edition, By Samuel Breck, U. S. A. 
Washington, D. C. : Rufus H. Darby, Book and Job Printer. 1891. 8vo. pp. 

Thones Kunders and his Children, Also a list of the Deecendtnts for six genenh 
tions of his youngest «on, Henry Cunreds of Whitpain. By Henry C. Conrad. 
Press of W. Costa, Wilmington. Fcp. 4to. pp. 106+28. 

First Be-union of the Hills Family of Franklin y Mass.y with HistoriccU Notes. By 
Edwin M. Hills. Published for family purposes. C. A. Hack & Son, 
Taunton. 1891. 8vo. pp. 47. 

A Brief History of the Sheppard Family y formerly seated at the Manors of Avening, 
Minchinhanipton and Colesbourne, in the County of Gloucestershire, England, 
With Pedigrees of the Elder and Junior Branches of these Ancient FamilieM, 
Compiled from Authentic Sources by William Albert Sheppard. Calcutta: 
Printed by Thomas S. Smith, City Press, 12 Bentinck Street. 1891. 8vo. pp. 
89. For private circulation only. 


Book Notices. 


The FamUf <^f Merriam of Mamachusetis, By W. S. Appleton* Boston : Barld 
CUpp 4 Son. ia93. 670. pp. 15. 

Jolef on the Descendants of James Spencer (Junior) of Spencer Rail, Talbot 
County, Maryland, 1892. 8vo. pp. 96, 

Lm of VirffSnia^ 8vo. pp. 23. 

We coDtlaae In thla number our quiirterly notices of genealogical pnblicationa. 
The first book on onr list ia a bulky volume on the Stanton Family^ clescend- 
iDto of Thomas Stanton, an early settler of New Eogland, who wa^s prominent 
In the affairs of the Massachusetts and Connecticnt colonies. The author is the 
Eev, Dr. Stanton of Plttshurufh. Pa. lie has evidently devoted great labor to 
tile work, and has been very successful in the collection of biographical and 
geoeaJogrlcal facta. The book makey over six hundred pages, and contains over 
one tbonsand families and iiiore than ten thousand names. Besides the Stanton 
fn^ncalojery proper, records of many other families who intermarried with the 
itantons are here preserved, among which mny be named thos^e of Allen, Avery, 
Babcock, Baldwin, Barber, Brown, Br>'ant, Chesebrowe, Crandall, DeitUoOt 
Frink, Gallup, Geer, Hewitt, Noyes. Palmer, Prentice, Unst, Smith, Thompson, 
West, Wheeler, Wilcox and Williams, The book is well compiled, clearly ar- 
nngecl and well indexed. It is printed on thick white paper, and is very credit- 
ible to the publishers, Messrs, Joel Miiuaeirs Sons of Albany. 

The next book U on the Beckwith family, and is compiled by Paul Beckwlth 
of St- Lools, Mo., formerly of Washington, D. C. The earlier portion of the 
Tolame 13 devoted to the English Beckwiths, and the later to those of that name 
Iq this coontry. A *' Roll of Honor** U given, recording the servicers of persons 
by tlie name In American wars from 1G55 to 18G5, evidently a work of much 
libor. The genealogy is very full aud is well complied. It has a good 
bdex. Mr. Beckwith wishes those interested to send him any records aud facta 
which they may possess, and which are not found in this volume, as he wishes 
tocDQtInne liis History of the American Beckwiths. 

Mf. Rodenbough*s '* Autumn Leaves from Family Trees" contains genealogies 
of the seven families whose names are found on the title page, besides genea- 
logical matter relating to other families connected with them. They are care- 
IiUly compiled* The book is one of the most tasteful of recent additions to 
jmealogical liteiatore. It is handsomuly printed aud bound, autl profusely 
ultiatrated with portraits and other eugravings. It has a good index. 

The next book is devoted to the genealogies of the families named on the 
title page. Part I. contains the descendants of William Strobridge, who came 
from Ireland early in the last cent dry aud settled in Mid die bo rough, Mass., where 
bedied Nov. 14, 1777, aged 87. Part 11. contains the descendants of William 
Morrison, sou of Robert, who settled at North Brldgewatt*r, Mass., in 1740. A 
ttifd part contains a partial genealogy of the Straw bridge family in America 
deieended from various stocks. Thebook is compiled In a very thorough and 
ittlafactory manner. Is handsomely printed with numerous flue portraits and 
vtlter engravings. It has full indexes. 

The next volume give.s the descendants of Daniel Forbush, who settled tn 
iUrlborough, Mass., in the latter part of the seventeenth century. In the 
BtonrrKR for April, 1853, the late Andrew H, Ward has an article i.m *' Changes 
lo Surnames,** and cites numerous ways In wldch the surname of this settler 
•ttd Ida deacendaots appear on the records and elsewhere, such as Farrabas, For- 
^h, Farrowbnsh and Forbes. Tlie emigrant has many living descendants of 
S^fominence, many of whom spell their name Fiirbush, some Forbes, and others 
oie various varieties of the surname. The author. Col. Pierce, has had much 
ttpcrlence as a writer of local and family history, and this book is a good 
q^ecimen of his work. 

A ncfw part of the Dudley genealogy has Just been Issued, filled with valuable 
Sitter relating to the Dudleys and their descendants. Some interesting matter 
*^ling to the English Dudleys, with a view of Dudley Castle and a plan of the 
St^EMuds, Is here found- A large portion of the number is devoted to families 
Jjscended from Gov. Thomas Dudley, the Aliens, the Appletons, the Atkinses, 
jw Baileys, the Backuses, the Barbers, the Bartletts, the Beans, the Blalsdells, 
^ Blakes, the Blunts, the Bradleys, the BradstreetSi the Brookses, and other 


Book Noticsi* 


re, the oral 

families whose numes are found In the reroaliiiiig letters of the alphabet, 4 
fall biography of Gov. Rlmon Bntdstreet and Anne Badlej hij^ wife, the Aral 
American pocte*^8, adds much to the Talae of the work- Flue 
em1>(?lll4h the work. We hope that the aathor wlU meet with enco 
enoujg:h to continue the work. 

Thf* Estabrook voltirae U a valaable book, and the author has laid those 
Ing hl9 name under great obligations. There are varions families of Estabroc^ 
In this country. The ancestor of the earliest appears to be Rev. Joseph Bitei 
brook who came to New England In 1660, wft8 graduated from Harvard CoQcgl 
In I06i, and three years later w*s ordained as a colleague of Rev. Edwin 
Balkley over the church at Conooid, Maas. The book Is well compiled and htl 
a good' index. 

The book devoted to the Wheeler and the Warren families deseended froU 
the persons named in the title page. The genealogical and biographical detaHi 
are fall and precise. The book is handsomely printed and well Indexed. 

Mr. Oliver B. Clason of Gardner, Maine, Iisl^ been five years engaged iu col 
lecttng materials for a genealogy of the descendants of Stephen CUson, an ear^ 
settler of Stamford, Conn. Be has placed his material in the hands of Df 
William B. Lapham, who has hatl much experience in compiling family andloc* 
hl«^tories, and who has arranged and compiled the book in a very satUfactoi; 

The book on the several families of Moses whose ancestors are named on th^ 
title page of the next l>ook contains very satisfactory acconnti* of those famillefl^ 
The compiler, Mr. Moses, of Washington, D. C, has been very snccessfal U 
rdsearcheis. The book is well arrang«5, well indexed and well printed* 

The Magoun volume is by Bvt. Brig.-Gen. Samuel Breck, U.S.A.i of Waali 
ington, D. C, the author of the Breck genealogy noticed by us in January, 18!>1 
It WM prepared as a memorial of the author's grandmother, Mrs. Ruth Chiurcl 
(Magounl Breck, and is a worthy memorial of her and her kindred* 

The work on the Knnders, Cunreds or Conrad family is by Mr. Conrad, 
ney at law, in Wilmington, Delaware. The emigrant ancestor was Tl 
Kunders, one of the little band of German emigrants who In IGlid setti 
Germantown, Pa. His youngest son Henry, who spelt his surname Cnni 
settled at Whltpain, Montgomery County, and it is to his descendants th; 
book Is chiefly devoted. The author has l>een very succesijful in obi 
matednls, particularly biographical data relating to the emigrant and his 
The book ig well compiled, well indexed and well printed. 

The next work is a report of the proceedings at the first gathering of tin 
Hills family, which took place on Momlayt Sepi« 7, 1891, at the old homestead 
in Fnmklio, Mass. The historical addreaa was by Mr. Edwin M. Hills of Tauj* 
ton, Mass. It contains many interesting biographical sketche^s of persons ol 
the name and blood. The book preserves much valuable historical and genealoi 
gical material. 

The work on the Sheppard family is by Mr. Wllliara A, Sheppard of Calcutta 
India, a nephew of John H. Sheppard, A.M., of Boston. Mass., a memoir oj 
whom i^ printed hi the Rkgistkr for October, 1873. Four years ago Mr. 
Sheppard traced the ancestry of his family to the latter part of the sixteenUl 
century, and published a tabular pedigree giving the resnlt of his labtjrs, whlci 
pedigree was noticed by us in October, 1888. In the present pamphlet Mw 
Sheppard furnishes much valuable and interesting matter relative ti>the varioni 
members of the family. Particularly interesting l» the diary of his father, Mr 
George Albert Sheppard, who was born in Hallowell, Maine, in 1792, and dlei 
in Calcutta in 1857. The earlier portion of the diarj' hjis reference** to manj 
prominent New-Eugland people of that day. The tabular pedigree published i| 
1887 has been reprinted In this work. 

Mr. Appleton, the author of the next work, contributed to the Eegi8TEr li 
April, lH*i«, and April, 1870, articles on the Merriam family. Ue has adde^ 
other matter and revised the whole, and now presents his work on the FamUj 
of Mirriam of Massachusetts in a mucli Improved form. 

The Spencer notes are by Mr. Theodore F. Jewell of Newport, R. I. Th^ 
contain in a condensed form the result of some years of research. A geoealoj 
leal manuscript written in 1849 by Samuel W. Spencer ^ M.D-, of Florii 
been used in compiling the pamphlet. 


Recent Publications. 


The pamphlet entitled **Leeof Vlrg:lnla" is a reprint to the valuable con- 
tiit^Qtioii of Mr. J. Henry Lea to tti« Reqister for January and April, 1802. 



1891, TO March 22. 1892. 

Prepared by tbo Librarian^ 

L Pubiicaiiont wriUen or tdUtd by Membert of the Society. 

George Bancroft. By Andrew McFarland DariB, Pamphlet, pp. 17. Reprinted 
hm the Proceedings oi the American Academy of Arts and Sciencea. Vol xjtvi. 

The Church and Parish of Great Misaenden (Bucks), By Charlea Harold Evelyn 
White* Vicar of Chriat Church, Chesham. Pamplilet, ^^, S2. 

Pemnquid ; Its Forts. By Charles Levi Woo dbiiry. Pamphlet^ pp. IS. Itepriivted 
ftma the Hyde Park Historical Record for 18^1-92. 

Qcsminc Letterii of Mary Queen of Scots, to James, Earl of BothwcU. Edited and 
icraaged by J, Watts de Peyiter, Pamphlet, pp. 28, 

The Rev. Joseph Sewall. His Youth and Early Manhood. By Hamilton A, Hill. 
Pimphlet, pp« 11. Reprinted from the New- England Historic Ocnealoglcel Begister, 
Jinuary. 1892. 

The First Congregational njnitarian) Society of Burlington, Vt. Pages fifom the 
Chorch Records. Compiled by the paator* Rev, H. L, Wheeler, Pamphlet, pp, 11, 

Two Hundred and Fifty-third Annua] Record of the Ancient and Honorable 
Aitillery Company, Pamphlet, pp. 96. 

ManoaL Congregational Church, Plymouth, N. H, By Rev. Frank G. Clarkp 
m%, 8vo. pp. 97. 

Mrateries and Masques. A paper read before the St, Nicholas Club (New York), 
fla Twelfth Night, 1892. By William O. Davies, Pamphlet, pp. 19. 

Ckaflea Devens, J Extract from the report of the Council, read to the American 

Heory M, Dexter, > Antiquarian Society, April 29, 1891, By Geoige F. Hoar, 

Edward I. Thomas. ) Pamphlet, pp. 17. 

11. Other Pubii4}atiof^t. 
Chadea Deane, LL.D. A Memoir, By Justin Winsor. Pamphlet, pp. 47* 
Life and Works of Brusseur de Bourbourg. By Herbert B, Adams. Famphleti 
pp. 19. Reprint from Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society, at the Semi- 
Aanual Meeting, April 29, 1891, 

The Archives of the Corporation of Andover, Part I, By the Rev, R, H. Clutter- 
bttck, Rector of Pen ton Mewsey. 12 mo. pp, 80. Reprinted from the And over 
Is Memoriam, Dr. John Crowell, M.D., of Haverhill, Mass. 8vo. pp. 260 . 
Poem by Dr. John Crowell. Written for the 250 th Anniversary of Haverhill* 
tS90. Pamphlet, pp. 26, 

CeBtenniid Day of the Presbyterian Church, New Hartford, N, Y,, Aug, 27, 1891. 
Puiiphlet, pp, 73, 

The Clubs of Boston. A complete list of members. Published by N. Wilson k 
Co, 8vo. pp. 442, 
Manitoba Historical and Scientific Society, Winnepeg; 
Annual Report for 1890. Pamphlet, pp, 12. 
A Paper read before it, May 4, 1890, by George Br>'ce, on "The First Re* 

oorder of Rupert's Land." Pamphlet, pp, 5. 
A Paper read before it, January 22. 1891, by George Bryce, on ** Surfewje 
Geology of the Red River and AseinLhoine Valleys," Pamphlet, pp> 7. 


Carr. F&anaaio Foiuttth of Portland, 
died in that city June 11, 1891, aged 
72. His father^ Thomas Forsyth, was 

a merchant of Portland. Frederic For- 
syth married Harriette Marie, daughter 
of Miy. Gen* Joseph Jewett, and left 




two tcma, Frederic OregorT' and Thorns 

8cott. In early life he was s member 
of the Portland Rifle Corpa (ld39)* 
He wM an officer in Capt« Thing't 
Pioneers, who started in L819 from 
Bo#too orerkad for California, for gold 
ind AdYenture. After his return from 
the Pftdfie, he wa» c hot en captAin of 
the Rifie Corps. He commanded the 
e»cort and body guard of II. R. H. thu 
Prince of Wales, when he visited Port- 
land in July, 1860. He was an Odd 
Fellow and a member of the New-Enji- 
land Society of Califorma Pioneers* He 
was a highly respected and honorable 

Iklas, Hannah* (Xthemiah^* Nthemtah,* 
Henry t^ Jotiahf^ Motet^ of Wobum, 
1640) (Clbtelaxd) Kino, a centena- 
rian, died ttt Otisco on ThurHday eve- 
ning, March 12, 180 L She "reached 
her I02d eniiiversory of her birth on 
the 16th of February previous, Mrs, 
King came of a long-lived family, the 
Cleveland)!, distantly related to the 
paternal ancestor of the ex- president. 
They emigrated from Williamsburg, 
Ma&8„ to New York State a lew years 
after the Tories were driven from the 
Mohawk Valley, Mrs. King wsa then 
a child, having been born in WLiliamH- 
burg, Feb, 16, 1789. She recalled with 
distinctness her elders telling of the 
Revolution* The family set their roof* 
tree in Skaneateles in 1817» where the 
deceased was married a year later to 
WLUiiim King. There were twelve 
children in the Cleveland family, and 
the mother who bore them attained the 
age of 104 yearj^, 7 months. Two sis- 
ters of ^Irs. Cleveland lived to be 98 or 
99 years respectively. That longevity 
was inherited may be imagined when it 
is stuted that one of Mrs. King^s sis- 
terw, Mrs, OUve Cleveland Clarke, died 
aged 101 years, 4 months and 21 days, 
Mrs. Clarke was able oti her lOOth 
birthday to write her autograph in a 
clear and legible hand, Mrs. King and 
her husband sp^nt their lives on the 
&rm at Qttsco, excepting ten years 
which they took to reside in Homer, 
Cortland Couotyi a change made to 
favor their children in the matter of an 
education. Their o^Hpring consisted 
of rtix, of whom three are living, aa 
follows : Caroline and Amelia King, 
spinsters, and Mrs. O. B. Stone* of 
Bloom in gton, 111, The unmarried 
daughters «till remain at the family 
hearths Lone. Lewis W, Cleveland of 

Bkaneatelei is a •txrviTm^ brotlMr 
Mrs. King, aod it aged 95 jreai*,' 
SyrixemȤ Standard, Saiurdmjf, Mwoh 14, 


Ha« WnxiAM Qeat VfnmjsKx. Bied at 
Weat Bamstsble, Friday, Oct, 23, latl, 
at the ancestral home of the Wheldens 
and tb« Parkers, William Gray Whel- 
den^ youngest son of Isaac and Blixv 
DaviB (Parker) Whelden,t aged 4T 
years. He was bom in the houaa 
where he died. His paternal ancentors 
have lived in that part of the Old Ily- 
mouth Colony from the beginning of 
the settlements there, and his fjither ia 
now livint? at the advanced age of 93 
years. On the maternal side he waa 
descended from the Hinckley s, Stuj- 
giseis and Parkers. His mother was a 
daughter of He v. Samuel Parker, bom 
at West Barnstable 1742, settled over 
the First Parish in Provincctown Jan* 
20, 1774, and there died in the ministry 
in the spring of 1811. 

In early life Mr, Whelden came to 
Boston and entered the employ of 
Anderson, Heath ^ Co., wholeaale dry 
goods, Winthrop Square; and aooiii 
developing a good capacity aa a talea- 
man, he was placed in the responaibia 
position of managing, as a commerci^ 
traveller^ their trade in central and 
southern New York and northern Ohio. 
A close attention to business over- 
taxed a naturally delicate constitution, 
and he was obliged for a year or mor« 
to remain at his home in West Barn- 
stable, With restored health he re- 
turned to Boston and joined the house 
of C, F. Hovey & Co., and renewed the 
acquaintance of his old customers, bat 
hemorrhage of the lungs obliged him to 
abandon the flattering prospects which 
his capacity as a salesman insured him, 
and he retired in the prime of life to 
the happy home of his childhood. For 
twenty years he was an invalid, and the 
\a.&t ton of these was an unbroken con- 
test with the disease which has at laat 
obtained the victory. He was atii||^> 
larly pure in his life; patient in sick*' 
ness, and bright and cheerful amona 
his friends. All that the love and 
8>^ipQthy of his siatets and father 
coiild do for him were ever at his 
posal. He never married. The 
was on Monday, Oct. 2Tth« and 
buried him by the side of his 
and brother Samuel, in the cemeteiy 
near the West Barnstable statiou. 

• Mrs. Julia A. (King) Stone, widow of the late Rev. Orlando B. Stoce. 
t See herobltaary, EEiiisTKa, vol. 27, page 112, 

le Salem Press Publishing and Printing Co, 

Of Salem, Mass. 


lENRY WHEATUNO, Prestdcnt E8EN PUTNAM, Treasurer &. Manager 



\g is our especial pride, thus continuing the reputation already 
Salem Press durin*: its existence of twenty years 
1 owners, F, W. Putnam & Co., for fine Historical and 
title work. 

keep on hand a variety of specimen blanks, useful to genealogists, 
aall always be pleased to send sample of work, etc., upon application. 


PuMUh^d Monihltf at $if Per Annum* 

IS not di*vuted s«olely to pabUshinsf lh«? rL*corcl« of any one locaUty, but 
> of grvat interest to tbe geut^nil reatJer iiji well lis to the genealogical 

Hci York Genealogical and Biographical Record for 1892. 



VT trii.ao3*» Rfv, Beveblky K* Bktts, 

EnwAMfi ¥. Hk l.h^CRf, 

tHomrfr ^«# ft tciw <?riTti|>kte seta of the Reoobd on sale. Pric** fo? the twenty •one 
^50,00. ?- " nst pHVable in fldvttii' ' '' nt to 

rei, Berkc. i, No. '23 West 44tli i k- 

' ♦^- ' ' the New York GeiiL.ti ^>v..a .^.l .,.u);jni- 

in the Ilcfonncd Dut^^b Church in Nerwr 
. tion and Index of Num^s. Edition, one 
Pncv. #lo.uO. 
jL Um contninmg the Baptbrns* wUl bo Usucd bofore the <md of the 

tirtrated Jlontlily* 59* per annum, in advance, from the Editor, 
rvLL TukNER, Idel, Bradford : from whom the Maguztne^e 

■.:, the Yorkshire I^ote^ avd QuerUs^ and Genealagisi, may be 

i, 1700 pages, 550 Uluslrutions, for 298, 


out family litiee, compiles geDeaU>gie5» and makea a sjiecialty of 
searching New-England records ► 
Poil Office Address — 18 jSomerset Street » 

Boston t Ma««. 



I VVltl. ivfifr^ u inr'orporatoU the IK0£X SOCIETY fMiiiwUil H7> , 

IriiDacs, Calrnbars, anli IxrcoiiJS 



Pff^AidnU.—Thfn Most non. the Mttrqnc!S5 of But*\ R.T. 

:l!jlil Han. Lord llatiucri, P.C, 
:S.A. Thtt Hon. E, J, rbc»lp» 
'^Tlic lUght Hon, A, M, Porter, Miimct i-i uk- in«u-i, irrjuuti. 
The Soc.ictv> uHsui*^ iij»prar In the 


whSch lei Itmned qnarterly. 

AlrcAcJy ecmiplctecl or in progress; — Northumpton n^ 
f^hfincf^rr PffX'f 'Online"* f^wp. Olinrlr^ \. Uo3aU.*4t romf" 

rhiirv* i:m-15r»8. GN' 

im »iir(.'sii;[ i tiiiijm [ MMU's jin'si innri.ctil ifffnp, CllArlefi I. Llujiiuii i iuj^u i *it]» hhti}' 

mortem trmp. !Ienr>' VIL/rtc» 

Thtjiritt 'JMl Suincrii>i»r» witl he HfH^ wUfwnt j . «, 

For prospettiis and list of piihlicatloiii*, ndtlrrsd the 
//i>w. SH'Trtitrtf and ii^nei'at SdUor^ 

W. I*. W. PHiu.moRR« E«ii,, M.A., 6.CLIi., 124 Cliantiery Litnc. toiHlott, 

Iri" \i AmcHcfl can coni* i nnv of the l<^ 

Mr le, P. O. Box H4:h : Mr. IC. A, Br- 

Vn. , "I I i"ir^--» j^i.-ivi C, Kat«>n, N«iw Ili*^.-... o^juu. 

THE EAST ANGLIAN.— Or, Noti?:s and QtricRiEs on Subjixus 
with the Counties of SturoLK, CUmiihidgk, E.ssix and Nokfolk. 
1858. Kditod by ihc Itev. C H. Evkltx Wiirri!, F,S.A., Hou, Meow^ hue iin 

Sec* of the Suffolk lus^titute of Archreohigy and Natural History* 

Pfththhed Monihhj. Part Lj otinmenHny an cnli'ivfy New Serifi» of ihis *i^t-kn 

S^n\rJ. (r(tH itf»uni IH Janaary* 18*^5. Vol. Ill, tmnmrnc-ed Jiin>'>i>^i io'* \^ 
■''in* oir,^ fHMfrfe* A nrrit/ftc f^ypit^n of I'^oIh, /., //. n> 
A, mntt hi* fiad^ priee 15f. net. The Old Srrhs in quite *' 

Ipstrhh: I'AWSEY ^ HAVES, Aiicknit Hoane, and of all Eaattftu CoaitU4»l 
seUers. Lfjndon : ELLIOT STOCK, 62 Patcn-uo^ter Raw* 

Genealogical Investigations in Philadelphia and Vicim 

A'l TlMiKl» TO }\T 


Terms Reasonable. '! I ^ytilnut &., mtaeMphiti,', 

ii 1 pbice hi a pi^'nnanetit form the t;' 

V y, relipotis nnd politicttl life of the i 

i.jiijiand, U published qnurterJy by the Nl w i.u-.itnii r. 

1, in Jiouinry, ApriU July aud OctobtT- Ki»ch iiviinbtT t 
,, . ^ , witli u purtrait, usually on 8iei:l« 


8ub8cription» shquld be sent to BENJAMIN B* TORKEV, Tteaaurm'. 

18 Somerset Suect, Boston, Nm«iiiichuii 





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XVJIL l>iiATi» » . f97~tl9 

JULY, 1892. 

Compiled by tlie Editoh. 



John Plummeh Healy was born in Washington, N, H., Decern- 
ter 28, 1810. Hie father was the Hon. Joseph HeaU% who was 
l>c^irii at Newton, Mass., August 21, 177G, and when two years old 
y^^cnoved with his parents to Wiishiogton, X. IL He b said to 
l^vc been a man of a strong naind, with an unusual amount of 
*^mmon eenee, which mudc liirn a leader among his townsmen. He 
'^as a representitive in the Congress of the United States from 1820 
^o 1832. He held various state offices, such as member of the 
governor's council, senator and member of the house of representa- 
tives. His second wife, the mother of John P. Healy, wag S:illy 
Copeland. The emigrant ancestor of this family was William' lleidy, 
*D early inhabitant of Lynn, who removed to Roxbury and thence 
^ Cambridge, where he died Nov. 2«, l^6S, aged 70. He i*ad 
five wives. By his wife Grace bntterice he had Nathaniel* bp. Feb. 
6, 1G58-9, who by wife Rebecca had John,^ born at Newton, Jan. 
®i 1699. The latter by wife Hannah had John,/ who married. May 
13, 1762, Mary, daughter of Ehenezer and Subiah {Hall) Wight 
^•^ Dedhara. Their son Joseph* was tlie father of John Plummer* 
Healy, the subject of this memoir. 

He received his early education in the schools of his native town, 

***d prepared for college at Phvin field Aesidemy. He entered 

-"artmouth College in LS31, and was graduated in 1835. Soon 

J^er he left college he began the study of law in the office of 

Hon. Daniel Webster of Boston, then United States senator from 

^■'assachueetts. "Association with so great a man, in the greatness 

*^ his intellectual powers, muat have had an effect on the mind of 

r"c young law student, and soon after his admieeion to the bar, in 

-■^^38, we find him assisting Mr. Webster in the preparation and 

'"inl of his great causes and following his polilicid faith and for- 

*^ties/'* Mr. Healy became the law partner of the great statesman, 

?J<1 "during the most of the years that the partnership continued 

^?*^' Webster was almost constantly in Washington, either in the 

^^11 ate or the Cabinet, and Mr* Healy was much relied on by his 

^ Hemofr of Jobo Flummer Hea]/, b/ Qodtrej MGnCj 1862^ page 6. 
VOL. XLVI. 17a 

208 John Plummer Healy. [ July» 

senior for the laborious work of preparing the cases Mr. Webster 
had in charge, and for the business detail of their management.''* 

At the election in the fall of 1839, he was chosen by the city of 
Boston a member of the Massachusetts house of representatives, and 
took his seat in January, 1840. Nine years later he was again 
chosen a representative to the Massachusetts legislature from the 
city for the year 1849, and was reelected for the year 1850. In 
1854 he was a senator from the county of Suffolk, and as such was 
appointed chairman of the committee on railways and canals. He 
was also a member of the committees on towns and on education. 
He performed the duties of these offices with faithfulness and ability. 

Through the influence of Mr. Webster while he was Secretary of 
State, Mr. Healy was appointed, by President Fillmore, Judge of the 
United States District Court for the District of California. His 
reasons for declining so flattering an appointment are stated in the 
following quotation from an obituary notice : 

Mr. Healy hesitated much as to accepting; but being warmly urged by 
friends in whom he reposed confidence, at length decided affirmatively in 
the matter, and made preparations to leave for the distant but promising 
field of professional opportunity thus opened to him. To tell how he came 
to recall that decision will be to present not only a biographical fact in its 
proper order, hut will vividly illustrate a salient personal trait. Mr. 
Healy's father was the Hon. Joseph Healy, a man of distinction and influ- 
ence in New Hampshire, and representative in Congress of that State dur- 
ing several terms. At the time referred to he was a man of venerable 
years, and withdrawn through decrepitude from all active pursuits. His 
son's appointment and his purpose to accept it had been made known to 
him, so that, when the son came to the ancestral home for the final leave- 
taking, he brought no surprising intelligence. The old man had decided 
upon it as a wise step for his son to take, and upon their meeting so advised 
him, saying : " My son, you must go ; it is your duty to go." In giving 
utterance to the counsels of wisdom he could not restrain the promptings 
of affection, and burst into tears. It was the turning-point of the whole 
affair, for filial considerations instantly became dominant in the youngr 
man's mind, and the desire of Webster, the urging of professional friends, 
and the prospects of a career of the highest honor, ceased to have weight 
before the old man's involuntary appeal. Mr. Healy resolved to remain at' 
Boston so long as his father should live. Much as he will be lamented hy 
those with whom he has held professional and business relations, it is witb. 
those who have, in more intimate relations, come to know the tender' 
sensibilities of the man, and that loveliness of personal character which thi^ 
anecdote bespeaks, that his loss will most deeply be feluf 

Mr. Webster died in the autumn of 1852, and Mr. Healy con^ — - 
tinned a successful practice at the corner of Tremont and CourO 
Streets, where they had long been located. In 1856 he was ap- — 
pointed City Solicitor, and held the office through all the political 
changes of the Boston city government for twenty-five years. Ii::* 
1881, the office of Corporation Council was created especially for him. - 

• Morse's memoir of Healy, p. 5. 

t Obitaary in a Bostoo newspaper quoted by Mr. Morse, pp. S-7. 


John Plummer Healy. 


There is but one opinion iu the public miud as to bis admititstration of 
the office of City Solicitor, and that is, that lie discharged all it^ duties iu a 
conspicuously wise, honest, able, liud successful uiiinner. His firmness und 
strong sense of right, and the faith in, and ri?spect for, his unflinching 
honesty, conduced much to maintain the proud emiuence of Boston for 
municipal integrity and honor among her aister cities on this continent. 
Twenty *five consecutive elections bear witness to the faith which many 
successive City Councils had in him. 

He was most constant in his attendance in his office, and seldom even 
took a day*a vacation, or absented himself from the city. He was most 
courteous to all who came in official relation with him; and no one ever 
left liis presence without being impressed with his absolute honesty. He 
was kind to all his associates and subordinates, and was tender and for- 
bearing to the young men connected with his ofhce. His was one of those 
oatures which never suspected wrong in any one. His mind was, however, 
thoroughly mttsculine, and. althoagh not a lawyer who indulged in constant 
reading of law books or reports, he was ihorougidy grounded in the under- 
lying principles of the law, and had the faculty of applying these principlea 
to his cases whether at nui prius or iu an argument on questions of law 
before tlie full hench. No man had a better knowledge of, or more ex- 
perience on, questions of municipal law than he; and his opinions were 
sought and acquiesced in by many cities and towns outside of Boston. His 
arguments before court or jury were generally short, and he always took 
in and stated the salient pointa. Hia power hefore juries was remarkable; 
and^ in the opinion of the Chief Justice of the highest court of this Com- 
monwealth, was peculiarly effective. He used none of the devices of 
rhetoric; Ids address to the jury was plain, open, honest talk, as between 
neighbors. He thus gained their good-will and attention; and, as his 
integrity was known to all, their conlidence and favorable verdicts followed. 
The courts all recognized the same traits of his character ; and, as he was 
never known to argue frivolous exceptions, he was always listened to with 
dosest attention and interest.* 

Mr. Healy died at his residence in Tenifde Street, Boston, 
January 4, 1882, aged seventy-one years. Three days Liter the 
funeral wa« held at his house, the mayor (the Hon. Snnniel A. 
Green) and other city oflSciala, with members of the bar and promi- 
nent citizens, attentling. Mid death was appropriately noiieed by 
ibe City government, by the courts and by tlie bar. 

Mr, Healy married in December, 1847, Miss Mary Stickney 

3arker, daughter of Mr. Jedidiah Barker of Boston, who survives 

liim. Their only son Josepli, a young lawyer of great jiromise, 

^ied April 18, 1880. He was born August 6, 1849, was graduated 

^t Harvard University iu 1870, and at the Harvard Law School in 

1873, His death was a severe blow to the hope!* of his parents. 

At a meeting of the Common Council of Boston, Jan. 5, 1882, a 

^Aeries of resolutions was adopted in which the City Council records 

^its appreciation of the great professional skill with which Mr. Healy 

Jirotected the interests of the city, of his unceasing and courteous 

attention to his duties as legal adviser of the Council, and of the 

• ltorse*s memoir of Htaljr, pp. 7-8. 


210 John Plummer Healy. [July, 

many charming qualities of head and heart which made him the 
most agreeable of companions as well as the safest of counsellors." 
William H. Whitmore, Esq., who prepared and offered these re- 
solutions, has furnished us with the following tribute which shows 
some striking characteristics of the man : 

Having had coDsiderable official business with Mr. Healy, I desire to 
express my remembrance of his unfailing courtesy and good-nature. He 
was often presented with questions largely political or personal. He 
listened with serenity to the most ridiculous suggestions, waived aside with- 
out ridicule the impossible ones, and gave consideration and assistance to 
every good project. He was invaluable to the city as an adviser in all 
emergencies, never hurried nor confused ; and, as inaccessible to persuasion 
as to menace, his words seemed the embodiment of justice. His manners 
were courteous to all ; and when he unbent to his friends, his recollections 
of men and events were charmingly told. 

At the same meeting, the council voted that ^ the Joint Standing 
Committee on Rules and Orders be instructed to have prepared a 
suitable memoir of the late John P. Healy, and to insert the same 
in the Municipal Register for the current year." The memoir was 
prepared by Godfrey Morse, LL.B., and is an able tribute to Mr. 
Healy's memory. Besides being inserted in the Municipal Register, 
it was printed separately. From this pamphlet we have drawn 
freely.* We quote the following from an editorial in the Boston 
Daily Advertiser, published the morning after his death, which Mr. 
Morse has reprinted in his appendix : 

The roll of city solicitors is a memorable one, and John P. Healy leads 
them all in conspicuously able service. Pickering, Chandler, ELanney, 
Hillard, Healy, are bright names in the official life of the city. His mind 
was purely legal, and his tastes were for the law. He was thoroughly 
grounded in the principles of the law. He was not, as compared with mere 
bookworms, a great student of the books, either in the text-books or the 
reports ; but he was well enough in both those lines of legal learning for 
all practical purposes. In all the law relating to towns and cities and 
municipal corporations he was thoroughly booked on authority and prin- 
ciple, and long experience therein made him a thorough adept His opinions 
were sought on such matters from all parts of the State, and deservedly 
passed for oracles and models. He was a quiet, modest, and unpretentious 
man. He never pushed for place or prominence. The few official trusts 
which came to him came in every instance without seeking on his part, and 
were due solely to the fitness of the man for usefulness in the place. He 
more than once declined preferment, desiring to live and die a practising 
lawyer, and he has died in harness. He belonged to no rings and took part 
in no cabals. Ho belonged to no mutual admiration societies, and he had 
DO lot with schemes and schemers. He was a downright, good-natured, true, 
and upright man.f 

♦ Other authorities are The History of Wn»h1njrton, N. H., IS'IS; the Wight Famfly, 
by Dariforth P. Wight, pp. 82-3; TIio Wights, by William Ward Wight, 1890. p. 43; the 
History of Newton, bv Francis Jadtson, p. 307; the History of Cambridae, by Rer. LudQ0 
R. Paige, D.D., pp. 579-80; sicetchea of the Alumni of Dartmouth College, by Rev. George 
T. Chapman. D.l>., p. 277; Register, vol. 36, p. 338. 

t Morse's memoir of Healy, p. 23. 

Family oj 


By Isaac J. Greenwood, A.M., of New York City. 

Tkb following notes, drawn chiefly from Tanguay's Genealogical 
[Dictionary of Canada, may i?erve to amplify the excellent account of 
the Otis Family which appears in the 4th and 5th volumes of the 


Richard Otis» a son or nepbew of John Otis of Ilingham, Mass., settled 
about 1655 in Dover, N. IL, and was there killed by the IndiaDs, towards 
the end of June, 1 G89, together with his son Stephen Otis, aged 37 years, 
who by his wife Mary Pitman left a daughter Mary, born about 1675, 
afterwards the wife of Ebenezer Varoey of Dover, and two sons Stephen 
and Nathaniel, who were carried away and sold to the French in Canada. 

The widow (und third wife) of Richard Otis, was Grizel (called by her 
descendants Grizet) Warren, horn 16G2, daughter of James and Margaret 
Warren. The Indians killed her daughter Hannah, a child of two years, 
and took her and her infant (female) of three months to Caiiadii» Here 
the mother joined the Catholic church, was re-baptized, Tangnay, in his 
list of English captives, has: Warren* Jacques, de Berwick, en Ecosse. 
Irlandaise, Marguerite (sa femme). Marie-Madeleine, ntSe le 6 mars 1662 

4 Ja NouveUe-Angleterre; prise en guerre le 18 Juin 1089; bapt, mai 
1693; F m * , * £l Richard (o) Theys; S"* m 15 octobre 1693, k Phillipe 
Robitaille, k Montrdal ; aw service de M. Ee Marioour (or Lemoino). She 
was married as Madeleine Warren, veuve de Richard (O) Theys, de 
Douvres, Nouvelle-Angleterret to Philippe Robitaille, son of Jean and 
Martloe (Carraont) R. from Biencourt, province d^Artois, who was buried 

5 Oct. 1740; Madeleine was buried 27 October, 1750, aged 89, Their 
children were: 

1. PhiUppt, bpt. 5 February, 1695; visited Ms half-sLster in New England and 
remained about a year; but retnrniug to Canada, was buried 18 Decem- 
ber, 1T20. 

Jacques, bpt. 29 January, 1606. 
jran, bpt. 10 Itlarch, 1699. 
Otorgt, bpt. U» April, 1701; bur. 
Marguerite, bpt. 2 April, 1703; 
Baptiste BLron, bpt. 2'S March, 

19 February, 1703. 

m. IS April, 1722, at Montreal to Jean 
1702, son of Pierre and Jeanne (Dumou- 
chel) Bbron, from Peille, bisbopric of Saintes. 

The infant, which Mrs. Robitaille brought into Canada at the time of her 

rapture in 1GS9, was educated in the Romish faith, baptized as Christine 

iotes6e,and married at Montreal, 14 June, 1707, to Louis Baa (or Le Beau), 

a joiner, as his second wife* Louis Bau was a son of Jean and Etiennette 

(Lory) Bau, and died 26 February, 1713, aged about 35. Their chiidren 


1, 2a>uU, bpt. 20 November, 1708 ; bur. 25 January, 1709. 

2. MaHe-Anne-ChrUtine, bpt. 14 June, 1710; m. 20 Febmaiy^ 1726, Pierre 
Treffle, mercbant of Montreal, as llrst wife : bnr. at Quebec, 18 Decem- 
ber, 1726, and her irifiint Pierre on 23 January, 1727, age 1 mo. 13 days. 

3, Marie-Madeleine, bpt. 20 May, 1712. 

4. LouU. m* 17 iot Angellque Be^ssiet, and was bur, at Cbamblay 

VOL, XL VI. 17a* 

24 October* 


212 The Oill Linage. [July, 

Taking advantage of an exchange of prisoaere in 1714, the widow Lebeaa 
came to New England, bat was not allowed to remove her young childreD 
from Canada. At Northampton she joined the Church, under the Rev. 
Solomon Stoddard, and taking the name of her grandmother Warren, that 
is Margaret (though she was usually called Christine), she soon married 
Capt. Thomas Baker of that place, afterwards of Brookfield, and settling in 
her native town of Dover in 1735, there died 23 February, 1773, aged a^ut 
84 years. Several of her children by the second marriage survived her, of 
whom were Col. Otis Archelaus Sharrington Baker, who died at Dover, 27 
October, 1801, aged 75, and Mary, widow of Capt Benjamin Bean of 
£pping, who died at Conway, N. H., 6 February, 1826, lacking bat 10 
days of her being one hundred years of age. 

Stephen Otis, eldest son of Stephen who was killed at Dover in 1689, 
is not mentioned by Tanguay, but as Joseph-Marie-Autes of Quebec, be, in 
in October, 1710, conveyed to his brother Nathaniel (or Paul) of Montreal, 
all interest he might have to any estate in New P!^ngland. 

Nathaniel Otis, born 1684, was re-baptized in Montreal as Paul 
Hotesse, and in 1714 released to his brother-in-law Ebenezer Yarney of 
Dover, all claim to any estate in New England. He was a cooper of 
Montreal, and was there buried, 26 December, 1730. He is styled ^fils 
d'Etienne (Hotesse) et de Marie Pittman, de Douvres, Nouvelle-Angle- 
terre;'* by his first wife Elisabeth Ouabert (Hubbard?) he had: 

1. Paul-Nicholas, bpt. 20 January, 1712; m. 12 October, 1744, Marie-6ene- 

vieve Truteau, and had several children. 

2. Ignace-Laurenty bpt. 11 August; bur. 9 October, 1713. 

8. Marie-Louise, bpt. 13 December, 1714; bur. 11 January, 1715. 

4. Louis, bpt. 14 April, 1716 ; m. 20 October, 1749, Marie Francoise Martinean, 

b. 1728. 

5. Marie- Catherine, bpt. 20 September, 1717; m. 1st, Feb. 8, 1740, Louis 

Pouget; 2d, January 9, 1748, Laurent Bertrand. 

6. Joseph, bpt. 8 September, bur. 15 November, 1718. 

7. Philippe-Marie, bpt. 10 September, bur. 9 December, 1719. 

He married 2d, Oct. 20, 1721, Madeleine Toupin, who was buried Ang. 
28, 1722, aged 26, with her infant 


By Prof. Jambs D. Butler, LL.D., of Madison, Witcontin. 

The history of genealogical inquiry in the Gill family has some points 
of special interest. Few families can show documentary proof of so early 
and continuous effort to trace their lineage. In few families have genera- 
tions been so sundered by change of language, religion and nationality. A 
search begun without clues has seldom ended in such perfect success. 

In 1768, three brothers, named Gill, born in Canada but of New-Eng- 
land descent, were anxious to ascertain their origin. Their father hi^ 
been captivated in childhood by Indians, as was believed about eighty years 
before, and near Boston. The name of the captive's father was said to be 
Sam or Sagen. The three brothers, with others of their kinsfolk, chose 
one of their number who should go to Boston and its vicinity for genea- 
logical research. This representative was furnished with a letter of recom- 


TRe Oill Lineage. 


mendatlon from Guj Carleton, Governor of Canada, He was furnished 
with a statement of the traditions thea pre vail ing among the Caiiadiau 
Gills, relating to the New Eugluml orighi of tljuir family, and the following 
letter of recommendation from tbe governor of Canada: 

Francis Bobt?rt Gill ia recommended to all whom the above may concern and 
that caD assist him to find out hla relatives near Boston. 

Gtnr Carlktok. 
Castle of Quebec, Feb. 20. 17G8. 

By the Lt. Governor's command. 
J. Goldpap. D'y Sec'y. 

Whether the purposed journey was made is douhtfuL At all evento 
Qothirtg was then discovered. 

But curiosity concerning familj lineage was inherited by the posterity 
of the fraternal trio. One of their grtiiid-chihlreii, Ignace, born 1808, 
father of Judge Gill, paid sixteen dolhirs in New England for a book- 
rarity, which he loaned and lost before he had noted its contents narrowly. 
According Co his remembrance he read in the 6rst pages that Samuel Gill 
was carried off from Dover by the Abenakia* His impression was probably 
incorrect, as no hook with such a statement has been discovered in the ex- 
haustive bibliography of Dover* and since the proof is now conclusive that 
Samuel Gill was not made captive there. However this may be, the pur- 
chase by Ignace attests the transmission of genealogi* td zealf and his false 
memory regarding Dover gave it a local direction whiiii led at last to the 

Id 1866, the Ahhe Maurault published his voluminous work on the 
Abeoakis, — the tribe by which the child Gill had been carried off. The 
Gill history^ as there given, abounds in inventions pure and simple. It is 
there ttated that the cjiptive was taken in Gill town, Mass., which had beea 
founded by his father, son of a Corporal Gill, who had emigrated from 
Englaod about 1 670. The age of the abducted boy is set dowii as fourteen 
years, and the route of bis ca}itors is specilied. This romancing of Mau- 
rault roused Charles, a son of Ignace Gill, born 1844, to renew the lineage 
banU or at least heightened his zeal in that quest. This gentleman, a 
Sawyer by profession, and now a Judge of the Superior Court at Montreal, 
knew that the town of Gill is not yet a hundred years old, and he was every 
way more competent than his predecessors for the work he undertook* 

The new investigator found conflicting testimonies concerning the era 
when his ancestor arrived in Canada. According to writings, connected 
with the Governors commendatory letter, that coming was about the year 
10^8. But, as standard histories relate, in 1703 the Abenakis ravaged the 
New- England coast, from Maine to the gates of Boston i and so would posa 
by Dover — the oidy place there was any reason to consider to have been 
tbe home of the captive. Judge Gill was disposed to iix the date of 
t^itivity between 1700 and 1710. The name Sagen, given in the writing 
of 1768 to the father of the captive, the Judge became satistied was a 
corruption, in Canadian pronunciation, of ihe title sergeant. He rejected 
ibe date 1688, which was indicated in the written document as the year 
Oi captivity, because the captive married young. But, if that date were 
correct, his age at marriage was thirty -four years at least, his ilrst child 
king born to 1716. The tradition that the captive survived till 1758, 
Judge Gill also rejects. Had he been alive in 1754, he must have been 
Bkentioned in the detailed narrative of the captive Mrs. Johnson, who in 
l^t year abode for a mouth under the same roof where, if living, he must 


214 The Gill Lineage. [Julj, 

have made his home, and would have spoken to her in her own langoage 
better than anj others with whom she had intercourse. 

In 1887, Judge Gill printed, in French, the processes and results of his 
research, — Notes Ilistortques — a booklet of ninety-six pages. In this work, 
he confesses a great lack of certitude as to the time when, and the place 
whence, his ancestor had entered Canada. 

A year or two after issuing his Notes, Judge Gill became acqu^nted 
with Prof. J. D. Butler, of Madison, Wis., and Miss C. Alice Baker, of 
Cambridge, Mass. Through them he learned something of what he had 
desiderated. Thus it was shown, by those persons, that among the children 
of John Gill resident at Salisbury, Mass., there was a Samuel, born 1652, 
and that this Samuel became entitled to write himself *' in any bill, warrant, 
quittance, or obligation, — Sergeant." It was also made manifest that 
among the nine children of Sergeant Samuel there was a son Samuel, bom 
Sept. 16, 1687. 

Moreover, the Salisbury records mention only the birth of Samuel, while 
chronicling the marriages and deaths of his eight brothers and sisters. 
But Miss Baker discovered that, in 1695, when Samuel was eight years 
old, nine captives were taken at Newbury, but were pursued by a rescuing 
party " who brought them all back save one boy that was killed " ; or, as 
another account ran, " all the captives but one which they doubt is killed." 

Though the Gills lived in Salisbury and this attack was made in New- 
bury, it seemed not incredible that the missing boy was Samuel Gill ; since 
the towns lay side by side. The boy, too, might have been caught away 
from home. Dover also, only thirty miles away, was so near that the re- 
port of the captive's coming from there was nothing strange. 

But Miss Baker further found, in the diary of Rev. John Pike, minister 
at Dover, a native ot Salisbury, this record: "June 10, 1697, John Young 
of Exiter slain by ye Indians his son wounded, Luke Wells & a lad at 
Salsbury the same day Carried away."* That lad, one would think, might 
well have been the young Samuel Gill. 

On the whole. Judge Gill was so satisfied with the new particulars, 
thickening other proofs which did demonstrate thinly, that in 1889 he printed 
them in a pamphlet of thirty pages, as a second part of his family notes. 

One link was still wanting to complete the genealogical chain, and turn 
its insensate metal into a thrilling electric circle. That link is now no 
longer missing. The Massachusetts Archives (vol. Ixx. p. 469), as was 
learned through Miss Baker, show the petition on June 6, 1700, of Ser- 
geant Samuel Gill, of Salisbury, to the Governor and Council, " that they 
will take effectual measures for the redemption of his son, Samuel Gill, 
carried captive by the Indians to Canada, about three years before." 
When the petition was read, three years wanting three days had elapsed. 
But effectual measures were not promptly taken, and hence a second petition, 
for action " with all speed," was presented by Sergeant Gill, May 29, 1701. 

It had always been a family tradition, embodied in a written paper as 
early as 1768, that Sergeant Gill had more than once through agents sent 
to Canada a ransom for his son, but that the boy, preferring life among the 
aborigines, refused to return to his father's house. Adopted as the son of 
the tribal chief, he at length became the chief himself. His first wife, 
ancestress of the Judge, was a captive from Maine. Through her, and an 
Indian wife after her death, his offspring were so numerous that a large 
majority of the Abenakis now claim to have his blood in their veins. Thos 

« P. 19. Quint's Edidon. Cambridge : John Wilson & Son, 1876. 


Petition of Palmer Goulding. 


receiving, thanku to the insight of Miss Baker, ^^\m wish, exactly to hia 
befiri's desire," the culmirmtini,' k**j-stone in hia genealoijiciil arch, Judge 
GUI has lost no time in committing \m last discovery, rounding out all that 
had gone before into eompletenesa, to the custody of the art which pre- 
serves all arts. In March, 1892, he published the third instalment of his 
lineage notes with the tiutot^raph of his new-fotind ancestor. He must 
have cried eureka with something of the rapture which rati through 

His production in all its parts is full of minutisp* curious and suggestive. 
Bat^ in the present notice, the sole aim has been to trace in it the hunt of 
a Japhet in search of his father. The Gill chase is of such a nature as to 
encourage others, who have applied themselves to consider the days of old 
in their family armals; hut whose way ts hedged up, ,and who thus far, 
after endeavors oft renewed but still baffled, find no end, in wandering 
mazes lost. It also adds an unexpected ill«9tration to the leginu already 
furnished^ attesting the value ol the Masaachitsett^ Archives aud the need 
of their publication. 



Commtinicated bj the Ucv. John L. R* T&abk, D,D,| of Springfield Mass. 

Province of the ) 
Kaasachusetts Bay ] 

To His Excellency the Governour the Hon^^ Counsell, 
and House of Repreaeutalives, in General Court asaemhled September y* 
23: I74L 

The memoriall of Palmer Goulding of Worcester Humbly Sheweth 

That your me moralist in his travills* has with a Considerable Cost attained 
to Such Skill and Knowledge, in the Curing the bite of a Rutle Snake 
that were he present when a person was bit he Could so soon Efectually 
Cure it, that y* person w^ould never be Sensible of any hurt, and the Same 
medismi if ritely aplyed has noles operation on y* Body of men to Cure 
any Enflaraation of y* blood, or to prevent or Cure any breding Sore 
Whatsoever, a womans Sore brest or fever Sore, — it is allso an infallible 
tnedison to Cure or prevent the Coming of fistilow or pole Evil I in horses* 
which Knolige be is Very willing to Coniunicate for y* good of mankind. 
But inasmuch as he was Really at Considerable Cost in gaininpj y* Same, 
he most humbly prays your Excellency and Honers w^ould upon bi^ Sodoing 
be pleased to make him a gnintof Sum of the wild and uncultivated Lands 
bI the Province, and your memorilist will Cheerfully Submit, to such terms 
or Conditions Respecting the Selling as your Excellency and I loners in 
your Great Wisdon Shall think proper & as in Duty Bound Shall ever 
pray &c Palmer Goulding. 

NoTK.— In response to the above petition, the original of which will be found 
In the Massachusetts Archives, vol. 105 (Petitions, 11143-1775) p. 108, a tract of 
land was ffranted not exceeding two hundred acres on the conditions that '*he 
thall mibdue six acres thereof and brin^ the same too " fit for mowing- and plough- 
ing within three years of the time of tht^ Grant, and *' do in fact ctnuninniciite 
iMs skill in the aforesaid Cures, And such a Description of the Said Medicine 
is it may publickly and infallibly be known. And that he brinir credible proof 
of his havinj? successfully apply <fd the same In Ihc^st? various Cascis mentioned 
In bis memorial whereof as yet there is no certain demonstration And performs 
the 8&me within twelve mouths after the present sitting of the General Court.'* 

216 Descendanis of Henry Crane of Dorchester, [Juljt 

A memorial of like character to the aloove, and nearly the same in phraseology, 
was presented to the General Coart, by Mr. Goolding, several years prior, 
namely, Dec. 12, 1734, but it was dismissed. 

The petitioner produced testimonials from Joseph Freson, of Brimfleld, July 
10, nad, and Joseph Frost, of the same town, Angust 28th of that year, who 
had been, as they alleged, speedily and effectually cured of rattle-snake bites, 
on their own persons. Freson says, ** in an hour or two I seemed to be well "; 
the remedy, ** a small root, the bigness of a walnut." Jacob Holmes, John 
Gray, Jr. [?] John Durkln, all of Worcester, of the respective dates Nov. 24, 
25, 26, 1734, testified to its successful application on the bodies of a horse, a 
heifer, and a steer. 

Capt. Palmer Goulding, the 15th child of Peter and Sarah Goulding, was of 
Sudbury, Mass., July 17, 1722, when he made a conveyance to ** John Bigk)," 
of Marlboro*, his interest in ** land situated in the north part of Worcester, to 
which town he removed the next year," *' and there carried on the business of 
tanning, shoemaking, making malt, curing hams &c. on an extended scale for 
his day." " Tradition represents him and his children to have been of extreme 
size, very ingenious, and * capable of doing any thing.' " He was ** on a committee 
to seat the meeting, and was included, with Adam Winthrop, Esq., Judge 
Thomas Palmer and 13 others of the aristocracy to whom pews were allowed. 
In 1726 and *20, he was chosen constable; selectman in 1730, '31, and '37; 
treasurer in '38, and assessor in '32, '33 and '36." ** He was at the capture of 
Louisburg, June 17, 1745, in command of a company," was largely concerned In 
purchasing and disposing of real estate. He married at Concord, Dec. 4, 1722, 
Abigail Rice, who died at Holden, Feb. 17, 1773, aged 70; had 10 children, 
names given In Morse's Ancient Puritans, vol. i., page 209, from which work 
the above facts are gleaned. Mr. Gk>ulding died '*at Holden, Feb. 11, 1770, 
aged 75, and was interred at Worcester." 


Compiled by Miss Emilt Wildeb Leavitt, of Boston, Mass. 

The Braintree, Mass., Town Records of 1 640, state that James Penni- 
man, Thomas Matosan, Stephen Kinsley, Gregory Baxter, Samuel Crane 
and William Cheseborough were elected to administer town affairs. This 
is the first association in those records of the names of Kinsley and Crane, 
and here is all there is of Samuel Crane. Whence he came, whither he 
went, who can tell? 

In 1654, Stephen Kinsley, who was at Mount Wollaston, Mass., in 
1639, with his sons-in-law, Anthony Gulliver and Henry Crane, were 
settled on adjacent farms in that part of Dorchester which was, later, 
incorporated as Milton. 

Henry* Ckane, who was born about 1621, probably in England, had 
married Tabitha, a daughter of Stephen Kinsley, and had purchased a farm 
of one hundred and twenty acres of land ; with its house standing on the 
road which was, according to the selectmen's records of Dorchester, of 1. 
7. 1654, "on a way laid out through Dorchester woods, from Braintree 
bounds to Roxbury bounds; beginning near Henrye Crane's house: the 
way to lie south west of it, on the old, beaten road waye." This was the 
first road over Milton Hill and was laid out from Braintree, now Quincy. 
By this we learn that Henry Crane had been settled there for some time; 
but the date of his marriage and the birth of bis first two children were not 
entered on the town books ; the first that we find being the birth of his 
third child, John, in 1658. 

1892.] Deifcendants of Heniy Crane of Dorchester » 217 

lo Massachusetts Archives, vol. 30; p, 259, there is an autograpli letter 
of Henry Crane dated May 7, IG77> It is written in line, cle3ir» flowing 
lines, and botli composition and sfialh'ng show timt he mn»t have received 
lome schohirly training. It was a reply to an order from the General 
Court, ** Ilenery Crane hath three Indian Servants, one man, one wotnao 
and one child, which you have ordered to be sent away. The man has 
been at Noddle^s Inland for one month ; and your petitioner hath not had 
any opportunity to dispose of them, nnless he should jl^mvc them away/' He 
then pleads for two months* delay that he may make the best iid vantage of 

Shortly after this the General Court summoned Henry Crane to show 
ridence why landa at ** Blew IIiHb" shonld not he disposed of at its 
_ He was chiefly a husbandman; yet with a tendency to laud speculation. 
In 1683, ** Henry Crane, of Mihon, bought hind of Moses Payn, innliolder, 
at the south end of Boston, ivhich said Moses Pjtyn bought of Henry 
Phillips^ butcher, and was bouudetl, east by the highway to Hoxbury* south 
by Thomas Smith's hind* now Andrew Belcher's, northerly, by the land 
belonging to Theophilns Frary's heirs; together with the beach, and the 
flata to the seaward; " w^hilst his later years were much employed in giving 
and reducing mortgages on his possessions. He was one of the selectmen 
of Milton tu lG71i, IG80 and 1681, and was one of the trustees of tbe lirst 
meeting-house built in Milton« 

His first wife, Tabitha (Kinsley) Crane^ died shortly after 1681, and he 
DUirried, second, about 1G83, PLlizabeth --^ — -^ who survived him; he died 
U MiltOD, March 21, 1709. 11 ii^ children ivere: 

L Benjamin, b. about 165(J; wbo, when but eighteen years old, enlisted 
in Captain Jobiiiitou*s couipatiy, in Kin<i Piiili|j's war. and was 
severely wounded in the battle of Narragausi/tt Swaiopt Dec, I9| 
Stkphkn, b. fllmut 1657. 

HiiNKY, Jr* 

JouK, b. at Dorcbcstcr, SO. 11. 1C58; m. Dec. i;^, ICM, Hannab, dau* 

of James and llaimali Leonard; lived in Tauntnn, Mass. 
EuzAUFTii, b. Au)^. 14, H]G3; m. 1st in Milton, May 23, I««2, Eleazer 
Gilbert, of Taunton; bed. Marcb 29, 1701; she m, 2d. April 27, 
1705, George Towuscad of Taunton, 
EBEXliZKR, b. Aug. G (10), Ifitto. 

Makv, b. Nov. 22, KiGt;; m. March 28. lUDO, Samuel Hackett of 
riii. Mkrcy, b. Jan. 1, 16C8. 
Ix. 8AMiTEi.t b. June 8, 1C<j9. 
X- AxNA C. M,. b. 1687; removed to Taunton. 

2. ii. Stephen' Crane {Bmry^)^ born about 1057; married 1st, July 2, 
1676, Mary Denison, who was born 1(560; died June 17, 1721; 
he married 2d, Aug. 13» 1725, Comfort, widow of Siimuel Belcher, 
of Brain tree, Mass.; be died July 20, 1738; ** widow Comfort 
Crane died at Milton, Dec. 21, 1745. Children, all by 1st wife: 

b M-UiY, b. JnlVt 1680. 

U. Tabitha, b. Uct. 7, 1682; d. Nov. 1ft, 1692. 

III. EuzABETH, b. Marcb U, lG8i ; m. Jan, 16, 1718, Samuel Fuller. 

iY. Samuei., b. May 2B, 1GH7. 

▼. ZEiiViAU, b, Nov. 30, WJQ. 

i Tl» BENJA3IIK, b. Dec. 17, 1692 ; m. Abigail Houghton. 

3. Ebenezkr* {Henry^) Crane, born Aug. 6, 1665; married Nov. 13, 
1 Gd!)^ Mary, a daughter of Thomas, Jr.^ and Elizabeth ( Johnsou ] 


a. Ti. 


218 DescendanU of Henry Crane of Dorche9ter. [Julyy 

To] man and a grand-danghter of the Thomas Tolman, senior, who 
came from England in 1035, and was one of the first settlers of Dor- 
chester ; both her father and grandfather were prominent and infiuen- 
tial citizens in Dorchester, where she was born Not. 26, 1671. 

El)enezer Crane enlisted in the company which went with Sir 
William Phips's expedition to Quebec, August, 1690, under the com- 
mand of Colonel John Withington ; and he was one of the twenty- 
nine men who returned, out of the seventy-five sent by his native 
town. The Great and General Court granted, to all who enlisted in 
this war, shares in the northern part of Worcester County, Mass., 
which was then called ** Dorchester Canada," now the town of Ash- 
burnham. ^* There are many families by the name of Crane in that 
vicinity who claim descent from an unknown Ebenezer Crane,"* 
but lie himself remained in that part of Braintree which was, later, 
incorporated as the town of Quincy, and all of his children were bom 
there. These were : 

i. Ebenezer, b. Nov. 21, 1692; m. Nov. 9, 1716, Elizabeth Cock. 

11. EZEKIEL, b. Nov. 28, 1694. 

ill. Daniel, b. February, d. March, 1696. 

iv. Tabitua, b. Dec. 27, 1697. 

V. Mauy, b. July 11, 1699; m. Robert Swan, 

vl. Elizabeth, b. Jan. 17, 1702; m. Elisha Faxon, 

vii. Lydia, b. April 2, 1703; m. Zacharlah Alden of Boston, 

vlll. Edwakd, b. Aug. 12, 1705. 

ix. Henuy, b. Feb. 29, 1708. 

6. X. Thomas, b. May 12, 1710. 

xl. Benjamin, b. Oct. 22, 1712; ni. May 12, 1787, Anna Brackett. 

6. xll. Abijau, b. Nov. 2, 1714; m. 1st, Sarah Field; 2d, Sarah Beverley. 

4. Benjamin* Crane {Stephen,^ Henry^)^ born Dec. 17, 1692; married 

Dec. 27, 1722, Abigail Houghton. They had children: 

i. Joseph, b. Feb. 28, 1724. 

11. Mary, b. Jan. 23, 1727. 

ill. Benjamin, b. June 4, 1728. 

Iv. Abigail, b. Aug. 16, 1729. 

V. Amariah, b. March 1, 1731. 

vi. Setu, b. July 22, 1732. 

7. vii. Stephen, b. May 19, 1734. 

vili. Abijah, b. Aug. 11, 1736; d. July 4, 1737. 

5. Thomas' Cuane {Ebenezer^ Benry^), born in Braintree, Mass., May 

12,1710; married Jan. 13, 1732, Deborah, daughter of Nathaniel 
and Deborah (Parmenter) Owen; they were both admitted to the 
church at Braintree, August, 1732. They had children: 
i. Ebenezer, b. Nov. 12, 1732. 

8. il. Thomas, b. Feb. 16, 1735. 

9. ill. Joseph, b. Sept. 11, 1737. 
iv. Elisha, b. Sept. 21, 1740. 

V. Dorothy, b. March 6, 1743. 

6. Abijah' Crane (Ebenezer* Henry^), born Nov. 2, 1714; married Ist, 

March 3 (or May 4), 1738, Sarah Field, who died Sept. 3, 1742; 

he married 2d, Jan 7, 1743, Sarah Beverley. They had children: 
i. William, bapt. at Braintree, May 27, 1737. 
ii. Sarah, bapt. at Braintree, May 27, 1737. 

iii. Abijau, Jr., b. 

10. iv. John, b. Dec. 7, 1744. 

y. MuuAM, bapt. Jan. 19, 1750. 

[To b« oontinaed.] 
• From a monograph by Fhineas M. Crane. 

18^2.] Church of New-England PeopU in Nova Scotia. 219 



Bx Rev* A3iT»ni Whntworth HAKiLTOif Eatoh, of New York City. 

The first Bettlers in Kings County, Nova Scotia, after the expulsion of 
the Acadians, landed at the mouth of the Oaapereau sometime iq 1760, 
and the first settlers in the township of Cornwallia, so tradition sajB, 
inehored near Starr's Point, June 4t.h of the same year. It is sttid that 
the latter came in a fleet of twenty-two vessels, attende<l by a brig of war, 
mounting sixteen guns, captain Pigot* They were pritici pally Congrega- 
lioualist*, from Connecticut, with the accumulated traditions of at least tire 
generations of Puritan ancestors, and the strict religious training of New 
England's most Calvmistic colony. The lands they received lay on both 
rides of the Habitant, now the Corn wal lis river, which they made the 
dividing line between the two townships of Horton and Cornwallia. 

For five years after their coming the people of Cornwall is were without 

% church or a minister, and their religious destitution is very clearly indicated 

^hW the following important minute of the Council of the Colouy of Connec- 

^^Bcut, under date of New HaveiK October 11, 1771. ^'LTpon the memorial 

^Htf the Revereud Solomon Williams of Lebanon, in behalf of the Congrega- 

^BioDal Church in the town of Corn wal lis in the Province of Nova Scotia, 

^^•hewing to this Board that the inhabitants of said town were settled there 

I ia the year 1760, and continued five years almost destitute of gospel 

sdministration; that they have since by the general desire of the people 

settled the Rev. Mr« Benajah Phelps in the gospel mini^^try in that tovvu 

with the pleasing prospect of a sufficient support, since which their circura- 

I ttancea are become very difficult and distressing, chiefly by means of the 

fruita of the earth being cut short in 1767 and 1768, and by extraordiuHry 

I expense in building a meeting bouse, and especially in repairing their dykes 

i to the amount of near 2000 (£), which has involved them so deeply in 

^Hdebt that except they can obtain relief by the charity of their christian 

^^■retbren and friends in Connecticut, the cause of religion will greatly 

^^TrfTer; praying for a Brief &c as per memorial on file: 

*• Resolved by this Boani that the said Rev. Solomon Williams, in behalf 
of the church and town of CornwaLlis, have liberty to ask the charitable 
contributions of the inhabitants of the several religious societies in the 
towns of New London^ Norwich, Windham, Lebanon, Colchester, Canter- 
bury and Lyme; aud said church and inhabitants of said CornwallLS are 
hereby recommended to their christian liberality," 

The Rev. Solomon Williams waa doubtless the former pastor of many of 
the Cornwall is people, for not a few of them have recorded themselves as 
having came from Lebanon. 

It would be interesting to trace the growtli of this earliest religious 
movement in Corn wal I is, but we have no facts or even traditions by which 
we may be guided. A quotation from some ancient document of the 
church says that they had a strong desire to build **a House for the 
worship of Almighty God."' But the early records of the church have 
disappeared, and much of what follows in this paper has been obtained 
with great difficulty^ from many widely dlEerent sources. The subject is 

TOX» ZXYI. 18 

820 Church of Kew-JEngland People in Nova Scotia, [July, 

of great interest^ especially to those whose aocestora (like some of my own) 
were adhereots of t\d» earliest CoogregstioDal Charch of KiDga Conuij, 
Of interest, because fts Carljle says ^* the chief thing about a mau Is hit 
religioti— >a man or a natiou of men;'* and because, to one who knows the 
people of this prosperous countj, many of the religious characteHsticsi of 
their sturdy Puritan ancestors are still apparent in them ; aJthoagh Congre' 

fatioDalism, in name, has almost disappeared, and in its place have come 
Vresbyterianism, Episcopacy, Methodism, and the Baptist denomination. 

The first religious work in the county, after Nova Scotia became an Eng* 
lish province, was done by clergymen of the English Church, acting under 
the dtreciion of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign 
Purt^. In 1762 the Rev. Thomas Wood visited the " interior parts of Nova 
Scutia," going twice to East and West Falmouth, Cornwallis, Uorton, 
Granville and Annapolis; and received a kindly welcome at each place. 
The Rev, Joseph Bennett, however, was the first missionary regularly 
appointed to the towuships of Horton. Cornwallis, Falmouth and Newport; 
be took up bis residence at Fort Edward (Windsor) in January, 1763, and 
at once began his laborious work in his widely scattered missionary field. 
The population of the four townships at that time did not exceed 1717 

In 1 7G3 a subscription was opened among the church people of Horton 
for a church building, but there was none built until 1776, when John 
Burbidge utid William Best, esquires, both of whom had formerly lived in 
Halifax, at their own expense built a small wooden church at Fox Hill, 
near Starr^s Point, whose foundation is still visible among the old graves 
in the ** Fox Hill Burying Ground." 

The visits of the Church missionary to Horton and Cornwallis, by reason 
of the distance and badness of the roads^ did not exceed four or five a year, 
so for some time the Congregational minister was the only settled clergy- 
man in the township. This minister was, as has been stated, the Rev. 
Benaiah Phelps, and the meeting tiouse in which he preached, erected in 
1767 and 1768, was at Chipmau*8 Corner, near Kentville, on a corner of 
the Parade and very near the site of the old French church of ** River 
Canard." It was from the beginning the law that all births, marriages 
and deaths should be faithfully recorded in the office of the Town Clerk, a 
law not very well obeyed and never enforced, and in the case of marriage 
registrations the name of the officiating deygymau was frequently given* 
In the Cornwallis Town Register, the name of Benaiah Phelps often occun, 
spelt there however as in the minute of the Conuecticut council, above given, 
and in the Corowallis Land Records, with aj instead of an i. 

Mr. Phelps was from Hebron, Connecticut, as the record of his marriage 
states J and it has been ascertained that he was graduated at Yale College 
in 1761, was settled at Manchester, Connecticut, in 1780, and was dis- 
missed from that church in 1795, after which he went to Nova Scothi, 
where he died in 1817, aged about 76 years. If he was 76 years old when 
he died, he was born in 1741, and Hebron was probably his birthplace* 

The exact time of his coming to Nova Scotia I have not ascertained, but 
the ToWD Book, for many years kept by William Allen Chipman, then by 
Ward Eaton, and now by Stanley Eaton, states that Phelps performed the 
marriage of Nathan Longfellow and Margaret Bigeiow on the 10th of Octo- 
ber, 1765* This is the first mention of his name I find^ and my impression is 
that he had come to Cornwallis a very short time before, an impression 
strengthened by the fact that the Rev. Joseph Bennett, the first missionary 

of the English Church appointed to the townshtps of Horlon, Cornwallis, 
Falmouth and Newport, in a letter dated 27th of January, 1766, informs the 
Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts that ** notwith- 
standing the arrival of a Dissenting niioister at Cornwallis, a spirit of 
benevolence and harmony was kept up among the people of all persuasions 
who assemble together for public worship/* This would seem to indicate 
^llhat he had only lately arrived. The foOowing record is taken verbatim 
^H^m the Town Book: 

^m ♦^The Rev. Benajah Phelps son of Nathaniel Phelps of Hebron in the 
^■Colony of Connecticut in New England and Mary his wife, was lUHrried 
to Pbebe Dennison daughter of Col. Robert Dennison of Horton and 
Prudence his wifet November the \%h, 176G, hy Rev. Joseph Bennett." 

Among the births are to he fount! the names of their children: Elizuheth 
Phelps, born 30th of August, 1768; PlieheJwru 7lh of October, 1770; Den- 
nison, bom 24th of September, 1772. Among the marriages at which Mr, 
Phelps officiated were those of George Smith and Lucy Rude, Oct 1765; 
Jonathan Rand and Lydia Strong, Nov. 1 2th, 1766 ; Perry Horden aud Mary 
^E lJg, Oct. 22d, 1767rMoHe8 Gore and Molly Newcomb, Jan. 26th, 1769; 
^^^TQs Peck aud Mary English, Oct, 11th, 1770; John P>jglish and Christina 
^^V^g^^clK Oc^- ^Is^i 1771; Mason Cogswell and Lydia Hnntington, Oct, 
^pSUt, 1771; Ezra Pride and Lydia Bigelow, Jau, SOth, 1772; Peter Pineo 
^^and Eunice Bentley, May Hth, 1772; Ahira Calkin and Ire»ia Porter, 
Dec. 24th, 1772; Dan Pineo and Anna Bentley, Oct. 21st, 1773; Oliver 
Cogswell and Abigail Ells, Dea 23d, 1773; William Pitieo and Phehe 
Bentley, Julv ISth, 1766; William Allen Chipman and Ann Osborn, Nov. 
20tb, 1777. ^ 

This is the latest date at which I can be certain of Phelps having been 
in the provincCi He had formally received from Lord William Campbell, 
acting for the crown, his grant of land, the 26th of Sept,, 1769, and he con- 
veyed it to John Robinson July 1st, 1775, This grant of 6G6|^ acres was 
one of the original 69| shares granted by government July 21st, 1761, and 
was miide to the first minister of t!ie towiiship, whoever he might be. The 
location of the lauds can at any time be ascertjiined by consulting the land 
records in the ofBce of the Registry of Deeds, where there is a full descrip- 

Ition of them. 
t Mr. Phelps' ministry ended unpleasantly. At this intervrd of time it is 
Impossible to know just what the trouble was which dii^solvi <l liis pastoral 
^iktions, but the name i6 known of at least one of the atMierents of the 
churchy Mr. Samuel Starr, who was instrumental in having him removed. 
With the proceeds from the sale of his property he went bjick to New 
England, and according to the record of his life found in the United States, 
was settled at Manchester, Connecticut, in 1780. It is very probable, as 
that record also states, that he returned to Nova Scotia, after 17^5, and died 
there, as that was hid wife's home. There seems to have existed some 
natural feeling, in Nova »Scotia, against his taking with him the proceeds 
of the land he had received from governinent as first minister; and while 
^■tradition concerning his ministry has almost died out, a little tinge of 
^nittemess sttll remains in what recollections there are of the Rev. Eenaiah 

^* Rev. J. W. Cox of Noel, Hants Co., a Congregational minister, says i 

*»Rev. Mr. Phelps left the church about the time of the outbreak of the 

Rebellion. He sympathized deeply with the revolting colonies, and was 

^ poorly supported, which with other reasons doubtless caused htm to return 

222 Church of Ntvs-England People in Nana Scotia. [Julj^ 

to New EnglftLid* Some of the people went with him, among them my 
aucestor on mj mother*a side, John Bigelow, who had built a large djke 
along the Cairard River, which bears bis name to this day. He left one 
son, Ama^a, iu possession of his mountain property, who it is suppoeed 
built one of the flret saw milb, if not the first iu the county/' If Mr* 
Fheips really died and is bune<l in Nova Scotia, his grave is moat prob- 
ably in the old burying-ground at Lower Uortoa, in the rvar of the Metho- 
dist Church, near which the Dennisons (his wife*8 family) lived. 

In 1770 Mr. Phelps Uiok part in the ordination of Mr* Bruin R, Comingo 
ID the ProtestJint Dissenting Meeting House in Halifax, known aa Mather's, 
later St. Matthew's. The Rev. James Mnrdoch was at that time preachiug 
in Horton, Kings Conntj, and also at other places across the Bay. The 
church to which Mr. Phelps preached had its meeting houBe at Cbipman*s 
Corner, a building used for worship until about twenty years ago, when 
it w«8 bought by the Hon. Samuel Chipman and torn duwo. It was a 
Urge square edifice, uupainteii, and with no claim to architectural grace or 
beauty. It oontained four tiers of pews, beside the wall pews, and would 
aeat perhaps a thousand persons* It had a high square pul|iit and a canopy 
sounding board ; the frame of the building was brought somewhere from 
New England, possibly from Machias, Maine, whence the frames of the 
old g:i m h re 1 -roofed house* on Church Street are said to have been brought 

It stood, HB has been said, on a corner of the Parade, near the ail45 of the 
old French Church of River Canard; on land originally laid out to Samuel 
Starr, and probably gtveo by him to the town for a Parade. The buryiug 
ground and church lot were taken from this Parade ground* 

Whether Mr. Phelps at first preached iu Horton as well as Cornwallis^ 
we cannot telL His church was called the ** Church at Morton and Com- 
wallia/' hut that mnj have been only because the western boundary be- 
tween the two townships was not very well defined, or because the people 
aettletl near Horton Corner (afterward Kentville) were naturally ailher- 
ents of the Corn wtil lis cliurch. It is very likely that he did occasionally 
preach iu Lower Horton, to the people who in 1767 became members of 
the congregation of the Rev. James Murdoch* the first Presbyterian min- 
ister in the county, for in that part of the township of Horton Mr. Phelps 
got his wife. The people of Horton were not, however, as were the 
people of Cornwallis, entirely without preaching. Dr. Cramp, iu his 
unpublished History of the Baptists, tells us that in 1763 the Rev. Ebenezer 
Moulton, an eminent Baptiiiit minister of South Brimfield^ Mass., came 
from Yarmouth, where lie had been for two years previously, to Horton, 
where he remained some time, probably a few years, later returning to New 
Ertgland, and dying there in 1783. Mr. Bill, in his History of the Baptists, 
says that during Mr. Monlton's time a church was formed in Horton, consisting 
of Baptists and Congregational is ts, but that the church had little prosperity 
until it waa revived under the preaching of Mr. Alline. The organisation 
of a Baptist eiiurch in Horton, with Mr. Alline^s assistance, is a matter of 
history, and is a subject of sufficient interest to be treated in a separate paper. 
The meeting house in which Mr, Murdoch preached was situated at Grand 
Pre, almost on the site of tlio presetit Methodist church, in the rear of 
which are the graves of some of the first settlers. It was removed, and a 
new one built about the year 1817. The meeting house of Elder Moul- 
ton's church was built at what is now Wolfville, very near where the Rev. 
Theoilore Harding's grave was afterward made, in the old burying-ground 
beside the maiu street of the village^ It waa used iu the week for secular 

Church of New-England People in Nova Scotia. 

tneetings* and on Sundays for worship, and was replaced b 1820 by a better 
one on the same spot, which in its turn gave way to another at the foot of 
the College Hill. The diaiance between these two places of wor&hip was 
about four miles. 

For some time after the departure of the Rev, Benaiah Phelps from Corn- 
waHis, the Congregational church was vacantj hairdiy knowing where to look 
for a minister, and no doubt greatly distressed at the absence of regular 
religioos services. Coramunication was broken with the revolting colonies, 
and there had never been any connection with the English Inde|>endeiits. 
It is possible that there may have been some Presbyterinns among the 
Cornwallis people, as there were probably some in Horton. At any rate, 
the difference between the two bodies was not deemed sufficient to prevent 
the Comwallia church, with other cberches in the Province, from applying 
to the Associate Synod for Presbyterian missionaries to labor with them. 
It was, however, rather the scarcity of ministers than, as m sometime slated, 
the predominance of Presbyterian sentiment, that led these Congregational 
churches to invite Scotch Presbyterian ministers to become iheir jiastors. 
The first application made by a Nova Scotia church to the Secession Church 
of Scotland for a missionary was presented to the Associate Synod at their 
meeting in May, 1765, and it came from the church at Truro. The Rev. 
Samuel Kinloch and the Rev, James Lyon, the former of whom had 
preached in Pennsylvania and the latter in New Jersey, had for some time, 
iltboagh possibly not contemporaneously, labored at various places in 
Nova Scotia, but had left the Province. With these exceplions the Rev, 
James Murdoch was the first Preshyteriati minister settled in Nova Scotia. 
He was ordained by the Presbytery of New Town, Limavady, Ireland* 
in September, 1776, and sent directly to Nova Scotia. He arrived at 
Halifax the same autumn, and for a short time preached to the Congrega- 
tional Mathers (St. Matthew's) church there* In 1767 he removed to 
Horton and preached there and at Windsor, as also at Parrsboro', Fort 
Lawrence, Amherst, Cumberland, Economy and other places, until a 
few years before 17D'^ when he removed to Masquodoboit. He was 
drowned the 21st of September. 1799» at Meagher^s Grant. When Mr, 
Phelps left Cornwallis Mr, Murdoch was still in Horton, and among his 
adherents were many of the leading Horton familiea: the Dennisons, Reeds, 
Fullers, Woodworths* Frames^ DeWolfs* Martins^ Dieksons, Davisons, 
Fecks^ Currys, Whitneys» Calkins, Godfreys, Averys, Cranes, &c. &g. &c, 
Froin this period, iberefore, we may regard the Cornwallis church as 
entirely separated from the church in Horton. The immediate j^uccessor 
of Mr. Phelps in its pastorate was the Rev, Hugh Graham, who came to 
it in August, 1785, and remained with it until 1799, a period of foarteea 

There seem to have been repeated applications from Nova Scotia to the 
Glasgow Associate Syno<l, for ministers, and the Rev, Hugh Graham was 
sent in response to an urgent call from the Cornwallis church. There 
were at that time, besides Mr, Murdoch, only two Presbyterian ministers 
in Nova Scotia — the Rev, Daniel Cock at Truro, and the Rev. David Smith 

Londonderry. Mr, Graham was licensed to preach by the Presbytery 

f Edinburgh in 1781 ; he at once received a call to South Shields, in the 

north of England, but the Synod thought best that he should go to Nova 

Scotia, and accordingly he sailed from Greenock the 2 2d of June, 1785, 

and arrived at Halifax about two months after. Thence he proceeded to 

ifDwalHs, and preached hi^^ first sermon there to a large audience on Sua- 

VOL. XLYI. 18** 

224 Church of New- England People in Notm Seolia. [July, 

davt August 29th. His ministrj of fourteen years is said to have been, on 
tbe whole, a successful and happy one. The Cornwallis Toirn Records 
contain the notices of many marriages performed by hiiii» among others 
tliose of Prince Coffin and Experience Ells, Jan nary 8» 178d; Andrew 
Newconib atid Sarah Chase, December 2^, 1791 ; George Cummings aud 
Rebecca Dickie, January 22, 17^5, 

He was himself married to Elizabeth Whidden^ daughter of John and 
Elizabeth W hidden, by the Rev, Dante! Cock of Truro, December 15» 
1791 ; th«y had children, Hugh, born November 21, 1792; John Whiddeu, 
born February 22, 1795; Elizabeth, bora June 18, 1798* 

Before Mr. Graham^s departure from Scotland, the Synod had issued an 
injunction that so soon as he should reach his destination, the two ministen 
who were already to Nova Scotia, Mr, Cock and Mr, Smith, should con- 
6titnte themselves into a Presbytery along with Mr. Graham. This was 
done at Trnro in August, 1786, and the Presbytery was called the "Asso- 
ciate Presbytery of Truro," Their standards were the same as those of 
the Presbyterian churches of Scotland, and at a subsequent meeting they 
declared themselves ** subordinate to the Burgher Associate Synod in North 
Britain.'* This date, August, 1786, was therefore the date of the formal 
change of the Cornwallis church from Congregationalism to Presbyterian- 
y ism, and one elderly Presbyterian lady tells me that long afterward some 

I members of the church are reported to have said that they hardly knew 

' what they were, Presbyterians or Congregationalists* 

jj In an old pamphlet written bj the late Rev. William Soroerville, in which 

[ he severely censures the cimrch and its then minister, I find this charge 

made, which to any reader of mj sketch of the Congregational origin of 
the church will not seem strange, nor, unlikely, true. The church, he 
gays, ** up till late days, refused to know any distinction among Presby- 
terians; to testify their disapprobation of division stood divided from every 
Presbyterian body in the empire; aud conducted their affairs more upon 
I Congregational than Presbyterian principles." 

Mr. Graham's work in Cornwallis ended in 1799, whdQ be received and 
accepted a call from the united congregations of Stewiacke and Musquodo- 
boit. He died in April, 1829, in his 75 th year, having labored in Nova 
Scotia for the long period of 44 years. The cause of his leaving th« 
church in Cornwallis was its unwillingness to use the Presbyterian version 
of the Psalms, instead of Watts 's Psalms and Hymns, He made several 
I attempts to introduce the Scotch book, but the people were inflexible, 

and although they were attached to their minister, they loved better theif 
old Congregational Hymn Book, and pref<3rred to lose the former rather 
than the latter. 

Mr. Graham s successor in the pastorale was the Rev. William Forsyihi 

whom he introduced to the congregation before he left. Mr. Forsyth was i 

licentiate of the Church of Scotland, ordained by a college of lay elders in 

I the United States, and was the minister of the Cornwallis church from 1799 

till his death in 1840. The first marriage I find recorded as having been 

celebrated by him is that of Peter Bentley Pineo and Olive Comstodt^ 

I September 2, 180*2. He was himself married to Mary Beckwith, daughter 

I of Asa aud Mary Beck with, born February 6, 1781* by whom be had seven 

children: Mary, who became the first wife of Rev. George Strutbers; 

William, who became a physician and died unmarried ; Jean^ who becanse 

the secoud wife of the late Mr, Thomas Lydiard; John, who became a 

phyaiciaD) and married Miss Martha Ann Morton, daughter oi the Hod< 

1892.] Church of Neto-England People in Nova Scotia, 225 

John Morton; Margaret, who was atill living utimamed inl885; Bezaleel, 
who married first Miaa Tiipper, second Miss Oakea; Elizabetli, who died 
UQ married. 

lu the agreemeot made with Mr. Forsyth, it was expressly stated that 
the people should still continue to use Watts'g hymns, which thej did dur- 
iDg bis whole pastorate. He was not only the minister of the churchy but 
the teacher of many of the sons of the Cornwallis men, and his school was 
the leading grammar school in the western part of the Province. The 
Cornwallis people tetl of liim, that once he said to a prominent farmer, 
whose dull son he had been trying unsuccessfully to teach : *' Your boy 
cannot learn; it is no use for him to try." ** Maoure (inure) him to it," 
said the fatber, ♦* manure him to it." ** Alack, alas» man ! *' said the old 
Scotch minister, " if I were to put all the manure in your barnyard on 
him be could not learn.'' 

Among those who were educated by " Parson Forsyth " were the three 
sons of Dr. Isaac Webster^— Dr. William, Dr. Frederick, and Henry B.; 
John and William Robertson of Annapolis County, Dr. Samuel Bayard, 
H. N. Chipmau, J* HostermaD Be Wolf, Peter Delancey, Edward Beckwith, 
George E. Morton and others. 

Mr, Forsyib's active rainiBtry ended some four or five years before his 
death, although he still remained, nominally, pastor of the church. In 
1827 the Rev, George Strnlhers — who was afterward married to his eldest 
daoght^r, Mary, by the Rev. John Martin, of Halifax, January 28, 1830 — 

were sent from Scotland by the Lay Association, and the Rev. Mor- 

risQxi, as missionaries to Nova Scotia. Mr. Struthers came at once to HortoD, 
and Mr. Morrison went to Dartmouth and later to Bermuda. Mr* Forsyth 
seeding assistance, Mr. Struthers preached for some lime, once a month, 
in Cornwallis, but shortly after his marriage went to Demerara, whence 
be returned by an invitation from the Cornwallis churcbi sent him through 
Dr, Isaac Webster, to become its pastor. In the meantime the Rev, 
William Somerville, ordained May 31» 1831, by the Reformed Presby- 
terian Church of Ireland, was settled over the Horton church, and was at 
the same time engaged to give a quarter of his time to the church in Corn- 
walJis. He had been previously settled in Amherst, but, in response to 
the call from these two churches, he began work in his new Eeld April 1, 
1833. In Augustt 1835, Mr, Struthers returned from Demerara, and took 
Mr, Somerville's place in Cornwallis, becoming sole pastor ou the death 
of Mr, Forsyth in 1840. His second wife was Eliza Ann Davidson, to 
wfaom he was married by the Rev, Donald Fraser of Lunenburg. His 
ministry lasted, as his tombstone records, for twenty-one years, and bis 
death occurred March 17, 1857, During the brief pastorate of Mr. 
Somerville the Watts's Hymn Book was finally supplanted by the Presby- 
terian version of the Psalms. It it said that this minister was on his 
wedding tour when he first preached in Cornwallis, in 1833, and tbat in 
his first service be spoke against their use of " uninspired hymns/' which 
waa the only thing about him tbat displeased the congregation. However, 
they at length yielded to his wish, and forever afler, until the congregation 
broke op^ the Psalms of David and the Scriptural Paraphrases in the 
Preebyteriau version were exclusively used. The manse or parsonage, 
during Mr, Forsyth's miuistry, was the house which for many years haa 
been occupied as a Baptist parsonage, and is now the residence of the Rev. 
S, B. Kempton, It was sold in 184t, and a new house built near KentviJle 
for the Rev. Mr. Struthers, Among the earliest elders of the church whom 

226 Letters of Ool. Thomas Wedbrooh and others. [July, 

liying residents remember, were Elkanah MortoD, Abram Webster, 
Bobert Edosman, and Abram Newoomb. The oldest records of the church 
yet found are in the hands of Edwin Dickey, clerk of session for the North 
Cornwallis church, and extend back to May 1, 1843. They relate the 
iBCtA of the next pastorate of the church, that of the Rev. William 
Murray ; and record that a call was issued to the congrecation of the old 
church to meet on Monday, December 27, 1858, at 2 P. ]IL, in reference to 
a proposed division of the church. 

An act of legislature dated March 30, 1859, authorizes a threefold 
division of the dyke lands owned by the church, most of which were be- 
quests, and the division is minutely described in the records. 

Henceforth the history of the oldest church in Kings County, or at least 
in Cornwallis, becomes the history of three separate congregations, — the 
Northern, Southern, and Western ; the Northern worshipping at Canard, 
the Southern at Kentville, and the Western at LakevUle. 

To this original church and congregation belonged the ancestors of the 
best known Cornwallis families, the Starrs, Woodworths, Eatons, Chip- 
mans, Newcombs, Harrises, Wellses, Kinsmans, &c. &c. In process of time 
some became Episcopalians, some Presbyterians, some Baptbts ; while a 
few, like the Cox family of Eingsport, remained as they have always been, 
staunch CongregationaUsts. 



Commanicated by Williak Blake T&abk, A.M., of Dorchester, Mast. 

fContinaed from page 144.1 

Boston N. E. Jan'^ 19, 1724. 
S'. Your Letter, Dated Quebec, Octob' 29***, p' Henry Edgar, one of 
the English Captives, came safe to me, on perusall whereof 1 am greatly 
surprised at the matters contained therein, which are so unjustly repre- 
sented that I cannot satisfy myself to pass them by unanswered. In the 
first place, as to what you say relating to the Death of Mr. Ralle, the Jesuit, 
which you set forth as so inhuman & barbarous, 1 seriously acknowledge 
that be was slain, amongst others of our Enemies, at Narrigwalk, And if 
he had confiu'd himself to the professed Duty of his Function, viz* to in- 
struct the Indians in the Christian Religion, had kept himself within the 
Bounds of the French Dominions, <& had not instigated the Indians to War 
& Rapine, there might then have been some ground for complaint. But 
when, instead of preaching peace. Love & Friendship, agreeable to the 
Doctrines of the Christian Religion, he has been a constant & Notorious 
Fomenter & Incendiary to the Indians to kill, bum, & destroy, as flagrantlj 
appears by many originall Letters <& Manuscripts I have of his by me, and 
where in open violation of an Act of Parliament of Great Britain & y* 
Lawes of this Province, strictly forbidding Jesuits to reside or teach within 
the British Dominions, he has not only resided, but also once & again 

1892.] Letitrs of Col. Thomas Westbrook and others. 227 

appeared at the head of great Numbers of ladiaEs in a.n hostile maoDer, 
threatning & insulting, but as also pubiicking [publickly] assaulting the 
Subjects of His Britiah Majesty^ I say, if, after all, such ati iDceudiary has 
kappeu'd to be slain in the beat of Actioo among our open and declared 
Enemies, surely oone can be blamed therefor but himself, tior can any safe 
gaard from you, or any other, in such proceedings, Justify him: And I 
think I have much greater cause to complain that %V Willard, the Minister 
of Rutland, (who never had been guilty of the Facts chargeable upon Mr 
Raile, who applied himself solely to the Preaching of the Gospe!)» was by 
the IndtHDs yon sent to attack that Town, assauited, slain & scalpt & bis 
•calp carried in Triumph to Quebec. 

As to the next Article you mentioned, That S* Georges ** River was in 
the year 1700, by order of the Two Crowna mark'd as the hounds of the 
English & French Lands, whereby it appeared that Penobscot was given 
to jott, & that one Lafevre had a rigrht to the Land thereabouts^ & that ali 
veasells paid a Duty to him, & that Mr Capon, Envoy of Eiigl'^ when K. 
George came upon the Throne, went to ask the Penobscot Indiana to Sub^ 
ffiit themselves to England, which they refused/* I have no difficulty to 
answer to each of the af ores'' Points, & as to the Last, relating to M*^ 
Capon, you labour under a very great mistake, to mention him as an Envoy 
of England, he being far below any such Character, & only an Inferiour 
Officer, Comissary or Victualler to the Garrison of Annapolis, & some time 
after that was taken & yielded up to the EogHsh sent by the Lieut Gov*^ 
of that place to visit the French Settlements within that district & to require 
the Oath of Allegiance & Fidelity from them to Queen Anne, but he had 
DO occasion to come and entice the Penobscot Indians to Submit themselves 
to England, for they, as well as the Narigwalk Indians & many other 
Tribes had done that long before, even in the year 1693, at a Treaty with 
S' W*° Pbips, Gov^ of this Province, by which Treaty, I can make it 
appear that they not only submitted theraselvea as Subjects to the Crown 
of England but also renounced the French Interest & quitted clairas to the 
Lands bought & possessed by the English, But Since King George came 
to the Throne Mr Capon has not been in those parts at all, as I am in* 
fonn'd by the People of that Countrey, 

As to S' Georgea River being the Bounds & Lefevres pretended Right, 
it seems very wonderfull you should make any mention of those things, or 
lay any weight upon them at this time, when, if the Case were formerly as 
yoa oow represent it, which I do not allow, all such Claim & protection it 
wholly superceded & at an end, whereof you may soon & easily satisfy 
yourself by consulting the Treaty of Peace at Utrecht concluded between 
the Two Crown[s] in the Year 1713, by the twe[l]flh Article whereof it 
is provided, "That all Nova Scotia or L'Acadie with its antient BoundarieB 
4bc- together with the DomitiionH^ property, & possession of the s'* Isl**' lands 
^ places & all Right which tiie most Christian King, the Crown of France 
or atiy the Subjects tliereof have hitherto bad to the Isl** Lands & plaeea 
& the Inhabitants of the same are yielded & made over to the Queen of 
Great Brittain & to her Crown forever/' Now, by the afores"^ Resignation, 
the French King quitted all Right not only to the Lands but also the In- 
habitants, whether French or Indians or whatsoever they were, & trans- 
i&rr*d the same to the Crown of Great Brittain for ever, whereby you are 
entirely cut off from any claim to the Subjection of the g*^ Indians from 
ilbetioe forward. 

And We are not ignorant how fiftr the French King understood the 

228 Letters of Col, Thomas Westbrooh and others. [July, 


Ck>untrey of L'Accadie to extend Westward by the Patent granted to * • • 
* * ♦ though you Beem to be a Stranger to iu 

" Ab to the whole Nation of the Indiauf^ exclaiming against some of their 
Tribe as pretending they were sahoraed to give Deeds for their Lands, if 
it be matter of Fact that they do so^ which is hard to be conceded, it it a 
moat nnjuBt Imputation & must argue a wonderfu] deceitfulness & 8^ 
CODtradictlon in ibem, since they have upon all Treiilies, when the whole 
Tribe were together, constantly acknowledged & submitted to the English 
Titles & possessions which they had by honor & lawful I Purchase a(X|uired. 

As to tlie building of Forts any where within the Brittish Dominions, I 
suppose you will not Scruple to acknowledge that the King of Great Brit- 
tain has as good a Right to erect Fortresses or places of Defence within 
his Dominions as the French King has in bis, & therefore when you shall 
please to give me Instances of the French King applying himself to the 
Indians for leave to build a Fort or Forts for tbe Defence of his Suhjectflf 
I shall then give you a Inrtber answer to that Argument. 

And in the mean Time 1 must tell you^ We have alwaies treated the 
Inflians with Sincerity, <&& never thought it proper to make Apologies fot 
Building Forts within our own Jurisdiction (as you insinuate), but on the 
Contrary, iu all our Treaties with them have asserted our undoubted Right 
80 to do. 

You likewise signify that w© must blame no Body but our selves for the 
Violence <fe Hoatilitiea committed against our Nation by tbe Indians, but 
Sir, if the Blame must ly where it ought, I must impute their Outrages, 
falseness ^ 111 Conduct towards us not so much to their own Inclinatioos 
as to tbe Instigations of tbe Jesuit Halle & others under your Govem- 
ment^ whereof We have bad etitiScient iDformatioo from time U7 time, as also 
of your own forcing the Indians, against tbeir Wills, upon our Frooteirs to 
destroy & cut o^ our people, which cannot be otherwise lookt upon than 
aa a Direct notorious violation of the Treaty of Peace at Utretcbt* Never- 
theless, Sir, after all, I have much greater Inclination to live in Amity & 
good Corresjiondence with you than otherwise, & therefore I have sent 
Col" Sam^' Tbaxter, one of His Map^" Counciil & Col"^ William Dudley, 
Speaker of the House of Eepregent**', who are commissionated to confer 
with you Pursuant to such Instructions as they have rec* from me. And 
I desire you will give Credence to them accordingly. 

I am S^ y' most humble & most Ohed* Serv* 
Endorsed: Lett' from the [William Dummeb.] 

L* Gov^ to Mons' Vaudreuil, Jan'; 19. 1724-[5]. 

Mass. Arch, 52; 106^109. 

Sir, I rec** your Letter of the 17^ Currant I observe that you have 
sent out tbe Parties upon the sev^' Marches I ordered when you left Boi^ 
tou^ And that you are getting the Forces in Readiness for tbe other March. 
I desire you would see that there be no Delay in the Preparations for the 
March to Penobscot, But that you have 150 of your best Men, or more if 
y'' can be spared, ready at Richmond with Provisions, Ammunition A 
Snow Sbooes, by the eighth of Febr^ at furthest, & if you have no Inld- 
Hgence of Sacc^macteus Eeturn with any Indians to solicit for a Peaoet 
Let the Forces march precisely by tbe eleventh of Feb., which is the Day 
that Saccaraachtens Time will expire, allowing his fifty Days to begin 
from his Setting out from S* Georges (W^ was the 2"^ Instant;) Let the 

k .. 

1892.] Letters of UoL Thomas Westbrook and others, 229 

March be up Kennebeck River to the River you proposed, I think (near 
Tecanock*) & from theoce directly a Croaa the Countrey to Penobscot: 
SeDd a Party ?nth Provisiona to meet them at their return at the Place 
yoa meotioned to me. If you cannot conveniently go upon this March your 
self. Let CoIJ. HarmaD have the Offer of the Command, & if he declinea it I 
think it best that Opt Heath ah*^ command & Cpt. Moultou next uDder 
him. Let them be very exact in their Journals in observing the Nature & 
Scltuation of the Country, w""* will be of great Service for future Marches. 

If Saccamacteo eh** bring in any Indiaos in Order to treat of a Peace; 
I would not have this Motion proceeded in, But the Forces employed in 
Scouting on this Side Kennebeck River, in such places as you shall think 
mo«t for the service. Give Strict Orders to the Commander to receive 
Saccamacteu kindly if he sh"^ meet him coming in, & that he & his Friends 
be not hurt by any Neglect^ or thro' Ignorance of the Soldiers, & there- 
fore it will be necessary that all y" Parties should know of his Intention 
to come in & have orders to receive kindly. Accordingly. 

You must forthwith Order a Guard to assist Cpt. Gyles in Wooding, & 
fill up his Complim* out of y" Men. 
Jan. 25, 1724^[5]. 

Orders to ColL Westbrook, 

Hii8s*Arch. 72: 215. 

Fort Mary, Jan 25'^ 1724-5. 
May it Please your Hon^ 

This comes with my Dutie & humble Service* and may acquaint your 
Hon' That Corr" Westbrook with all y'^ Rest off tlie Officers Called in 
here, & are passed forward; & according to y' Hon" Direction, y* Corr^ 
Saya, I shall haue men as soon as possible, but am not backward in my 
Endevours, having Sent a man on purpose to New Hampsh'* for the meur 
My misfortune in this a^air Lyes in Conception that if they inlist in the 
Kings fort they can't be Cleared in a years, or I could have Enough if 
your Hon'': Sees Cause I may Discharge them in 12 months. I would not 
trouble y' Honour for men^ which Hetherto I have found the fort mostly 
with, at my charge. 

Capt Heath has taken a Eoagh sceam of My fort & well, which cost so 
much money & Labour), & all that's Necessary, Except Cape Forpus & 
Cape Elizabeth, between two which bayes 1 Lie in sight, & will send for- 
ward to m' Pell (Dedicated to y*" Hon^), & in order to be Lanskipped, as 
he iuformes me, I must pay 30 shiilins, so I have ordered the money to m'' 

What news offers Corr* wrote y' Hon"" from hence ; he ia now at Casco 
& Corn* Harmon. If any thing new offers I shall Dutiefully acquaint y' 

One Benjamin Downer, a Soldier of mine, Came from Nowich, west off 
Boston, & while I was at Boston he run from the fort, he carryed of Six 
pounds, & gave order to Capt Jordan & to mo to take his pay, but m' Jor- 
dan gott it out of my Eole. 1 must pitty my selfe that other men take 
away my poor privi ledge. 

• T<*otintt Falls h in the present town of Winslow. The latter was Incorpomted April 
ai, 1771, *nd OAinctl in honor of Gen. John Wlnslow. It Is 17 miles from AugustAi nnd 
10 from Portland, on the M^iine CentriLl BAllroad. *' On the point of [Ami above Che con- 
'^ » of the two rivers," Kennebec and Sebastloooki "and ^jclow the faHs, w»ig the old 

TeeoDiiet fort of the loiJiaris und afterwardfl fori SoUfax of the Engysti^ bulit in 1754. 
Williamson'^ MninG* i. 50. YiLmcy*s Gusetter of Afalne, 695; CiXiUdgG and Maosfield's 
*' JL&Utrj and Description of New England/' 360. 

Letters of OoL Thomas Westbrook and others. [Jtdy, 

Downer has forged a Discharge, & shown it^ also my Name id several] 
papers, some have by me as fuHoes, & I hope your Hoq' will give orders 
to CJomanding officers to Secure him, for the Service. I heard of him being 
at Newberry & Capt Kent can Secure him, he was born their & hU 
friends are at Norwich, 

I hope y' Hon' will forgiue tny Tediouaneaa, d^ giae me leave to se my 
family for 15 Dayea, for I have been Sick a Beaton ^ was all the time at 
Boiton* So I am y' Hon*^ Hamble Serv* 

Capt Samuel Hitiks Fort, Sam*^ Hinckes. 

Jantm'^ 25*\ 1721^. 

Mass. Arch. 52: 110, 11 L 


May it please Your Honour* _ 

Yesterday Cap* Bane returned from hia March, he has made no Dis- 
covery of the Enemy Since last Fall» in any part of his HHarch. lie in- 
forms me, that Persumscot River and Sebagook Pond waa so open that it 
very Much hind red him from getting to Maduml>essuck and the hunting 
Ground thereabout, I have seiH for about twenty ^rt Men who are to 
meet me at Saco Falls on the eleventh Instant^in Order to make y' Second 
attempt, Whom I design shall march away light, so that they may get 
there if possible. I design, likewise, another Party to follow them up 
Saco River to carry Provision with SIe<ls in order for their return. I 
Judge it is Your Honours desire to Search that Ground Well, in order to 
lateroept & Destroy those Fellows. Notwithstanding Persumscot River 
and Sebagook Pond was so open, the other Ponds and Rivers are gener- 
ally fast. I am Your Honours most Obedient Servant, 

Falm*^ : Feb* 8th, 1724-5. Tho* WfiSTBROOE- 

Ikla&s. Arch. 52: 117. ^i 

Fort Mary, Feb' 16. 1724-5. 

May itt Please y' Honour, 

I Beleive Cap** Heath Marched Exact to y* Time y"" Honour ordered; 
on his Return I shall emply the men on This Side off Cannebick River, 
perauant to y' Hon" orders. 

Leiut Brown marched for pigwokel^ the 13^ off this instant, with twenty 
nine men. 1 Kec** the inclosed* the IS*** of this month, about nine a Clock 
at Night, I am y' Hon" most Dutifull Serv", 

Tho' Westbhoojc 

Post I haue advised the frontteer^g to be on their gaurds untill y* Re> 
turn off Those Indians. 

The Place where the indian e topped, That Did not Come into the ForV 
ie about seven miles Distant. 

I am Dispatching Cap" Slocum, immediately, with Cap*' Bean, for 
georges, Their Being an interpreter wanting. 

Mass. Arch. 52: 121. 

[From a letter without date^ superscription or direction, but evidently in 
the hand- writing of Secretary Joeeph Willard, we copy the following, in 

he winting. 

matter In this letter, and in ttLst of April the 4t]i following, 

1892.] Letters of CoL Thomas Westhrook and others. 231 


regard to Capt Heath: ** CpU Heath is returned from Penobscot, having 
met with no Indiana there, but about fifty Houses iu the old & new Town 
which he has burnt/'] 
Mass. Arch. 52: 125. 


[John Hunt* and Hannah Hunt, his wife, of " Almsburj,** March 30, 
1725, petition Gov, Dummer to releitse their son Jacob Hum, then ''att 
Richmao fort» for I am in grate wout of him, I behjg uarj Lame, and haue 
no help, and aOeo Line uary Remote."] 

Mass. Arch. d2 : 129. 

J it Please your Hon% 
Cap* Bourn will be able to acquaint your Hon' relating what I wrote 
from Spurwink the twenty eighth of last April, I sending him and L* 
Dominieus Jordan to make Discovery. I have Enquir'd into the Affair of 
M* Benj' York, mention'd in your Hon" Letter^ Dated April y* 5"*, and 
by Examining your Hon*^' Orders to me, from time to time, there is no 
men Allowed him, neither did the General Court vote him any in the 
Year 1723. Six men had l>een Allowed at the Ferry Place, and upon 
EDqttiry I find, hj the Coll" of tlie Regiment and the Select men of the 
"" wn, that M' Sawyers in the Estahlisht Garrison » Their housea standing 

It above two or three hundred Yards Distant. I thought it best to put 
part of the men in one house and part in the other, atid M^ Sawyer having 
five, and York but three, York h thereupon uneaBy, I posted five men at 
W Sawyers^ because the Cap* and Duct' are there, and the Docf has 
Ocx:asiou very Often to cross tiie River to visit the Sick. 

I am Your Hon" most Dutifull Serv* 
Falm^ April y* 4^ 1725, Tho' Westbrook. 

P.S. The Enclosed is the List of the ineffective mea which I omitted 
to send with the other Account. 

Ma£a.ArcL52: 130. 

Aprill 5»% 1725. 
Coll*» Westbrook, 

I have two of yoora of the 17*** past & one of the 27*^, received yeater* 
day. The Council have voted £12 & no More, towards the Repairs of 
Georges Fort, w^*^ you are to husband to ihe best advantage In making y' 
Lodgings Comfortable for the People; & having visited your Familyes, 
leu the next of the Sloop in the Countryes Service, that goes eastward, 
take in the Boxes & Nailes At Saco Milk, & You may go down with them 
to See the Repairs p'formed, as you proposed, & as farr as £12 you may 
draw on the Treasurer for the D. Service, Rend ring an Ace** thereof. 
Cap* Canada acquaints me, that Hee had Made the Wharf e all rendy, 
which you Spake oil', where for his good Service, in guUantly defending 
that Fort, I have given a Commission for the Same. 

Gett all your Whalehoata mended that are Capable of it (for it Will 
take time to gett New ones), & order say forty or about fifty Men, under 
a diUigent, prudent officer, downe to Penobscott Bay, & as much further 

* John Uum, of Amestjury, Mass., eon of EdwariJ^ mArded Uanadb Clougli, Dec. d, 
17W. Their eldest son and child was Jacobs bom Sept. 8, 1106* S^ Genealogy of tbe 
Himl fiiniily. by TbomAS B. Wym&n, page IL 
VOL, XLVI. 19 

232 Letters of Ooh Thomae Weetbrooh and oiker$. [ Jul j, 

as you shall think for the Serrice, especially at Passamaquadj, whereof 
y" Letter informs the Indians have bin j* last Winter, under snch orders, 
as if well Executed, they May, by Gods blessing, surprise some of the 
Enimye, if there bee any of them there. I have wrote a Letter to all the 
Coll^uells in y' E. & W. to warn the People to be on their saurd & to go 
out in Companys to their Work well Armed. I finde you have Sent out 
diyers Parties of above 14 Men to ambuscade the Indians in their lurking 
Places, it will be well if they p'form it patiently & faithfally which I 
reoomend to you to inspect well into, & that they be releived, from time 
to time, by fresh Parties, so as these ambuscades bee Continued, without 
intermission, untill you have further orders, & that you Require of the 
Several officers an Account of what passes in their turnes, & minute down 
every thing any do worth notice. You shall hear further from Me very 
soon. I shall be glad when Cap° Ca : [Kennedy ?] with the Indian he 
promises to bring with [him] are Come to Penobscott Tou shall hear 
further from Me in a short time ; pray do every thing that is Possible to 
keep up the Terror of y* Enemy. 

I am S* y' friend * 
Benj* Yorkshire, of papoodock, having Complain'd to Me that he has 
not an equal proportion of the soldiers at his house, you are to inquire into 
that Matter, & See Justice done him. 

Cap* Dwight, 

I rece'd yours of the 22^, & Since Jon* James's Case is as you Men- 
tion pray Keep Him, for I Will give no presidency of that Sort that shall 
tend to Weaken or deade[n] a Strict discipline in the Grarrisons, but will 
Encourage the officers in a due execution of their Authority. Lett me 
have the Survey Mentioned as soon as you Can handsomely Compleat it. 

I am y' Friend & S* [ ] 

Endorsed— Letters to CoP Westbrook & Capt Dwight, April 5*^ 1725. 
Mass. Arch. 52 : 181-133. 

Fort George, April 14, 1725. 
Col^*» Westbrook, 

An Indian Dogg appeared on y* North side of y* Riuer, a Gainst fort 
Georges, Which my People shott, and by y® Carkes of it is not Long since 
it straid from y* Indians, Whear vpon, I ordred A Larom to Notify y* a 
ietant [adjacent] Garriconc to be on thier Guard, for, in my Opinion, y* 
huntars, or a small scout of Indians, ar sulking aboutt, & Came Down this 
Bluer, if it might Pleas, a small Party of Men to Reng [Range] Might 
is from your humble sar^ to Command, 

John Gyles. 
S' Since I Wrote y* aboue, I Rece'd an aocompt from maquaitt,f y' a 
soldiar is missing, & suppos'd to be taken. a Copy. 

Mass. Arch. 52 : 139. 

This Comes by m' Moses Markam, your Clerk, Who informes me, that 
Hee has On divers Occations been Imploy'd by you in AiEairs relating to 

• The initials at the close of this letter to Col. Westbrook bear some resemblance to the 
letters T. and D., bat the internal evidence is, we think, that the document emanated from 
Got. Dammer. 

t Maqaoit Bay is in the soathwest part of Bmnswick, in the coanty of Camt>erland, Me* 

^ the Service, whereio tbere has been no allowance for his expances* which 
emfl not reasonable, & I tbiuk Ilee should muke ont a Just accouni 
hereofi Which being Avouched by you will doubtless be© allowed him by 
[the Government, & if we have supply 'd ibe Birth Hee bad with yoa by 
other p*son, & there be any other vacancy Suiable for Him, Lett IliuL 
I it. I am Y^ [ ] 

[To Col Tho* Weslbrook.] 
Ka86. Arch. 52: 140. 



York le"* April 1725. 
May it Please Y^'our Hon' 

We have no Account of the Enemy at present, but fear they [are J 
endavouring to be reveng'd on uh for their Brethren. I hope our constant 
patting Your Hon" Orders in practice will prevent them. I have no Sloop 
yet arrival here with Stores to send dowji to the Eastward, according to 
Your Hon^ Orders, to distress them, which I was in hopes 1 shou'd have 
had sometime ago. Lieu* Jaqnes has been for some considerable time past 
Tery desiring, with me, to write to your Hon'' for his Dismission^ which at 
last has prevailM, he assuring me of bis great necessity to be with his 
business, and what damages he shall sustain if not granted. L* Colt" Har- 
mon tells me, he had Your Hon" word to dismiss him when his business 
earnestly call'd for him, which it dotb at this time. Both of them thank- 
fnlly Acknowledge Your Hon" favours to them, from time to time. If 
Your Hon'' ahon'd he pleas'd to Dismiss Lieut Jaquesh and Commissionate 
En* Garble in his room, Lieut ColP Harmon informs me, he will be very 
agreeable to bim» and I do assure your Hon"" I have known him ever since 
I have been in the Service, and have always found him a modest and sober 
Young man and very ready & faithfnll on all Commands- The last Orders 
I rec^ from Your Hoq'^ were dated the 1 G'^ of last Month, Having noth- 
ing more that offers worth Yotir Hon" notice, 

I remain, Your Hon'" most Dutiful! Serv* 

Too' Westbrook. 
P.S. Lieu* Coll** Harmon is very desirous, if Your Hon' ghou*d order 
any Sloop to guard the Fishery, that he may Command her. I have ask'd 
leave some time ago, to go home for a few days, my business there being 
tery urgent, but have not yet rec"^ Your Hon" Smiles. 
Arch* b2: 142. 

[To be caatlnued.] 


^ TO 1800. 

^H Bjr Amdbew McFakx^nb Datis, of Cambridg^^ Masf . 

^P The histories of Harvard College all furnish information concern- 

' in^ the several funds ^iven to the College for the purpose of estab- 

lidbing exhibitions at Cambridge, Eliot gives a tabulated statement 

which purports to contain all the gifts received by the College down 

234 ExhibitionB of Harvard Oolkge. [Julj* 

to the year 1848. This statement was also published in pamphlet 
form. The exhibitions are not, however, separately collated in any 
of these publications. There is enough of historical interest con- 
nected with the early exhibitions to justify the publication of a list 
composed exclusively of beneficiary trusts for students received by 
the College prior to 1800, showing the sources whence they came 
and the specific purposes to which their founders dedicated them, 
even if such a list should contain but little information that b new. 

Ladt Mowlson Gift. The first scholarship at Harvard was founded 
in 1643 by Ann Mowlson of London. The money was received by 
Thomas Weld, Pastor of the Roxbury Church, whose authority in this 
behalf was derived from the General Court of Massachusetts Bay. The 
amount of the gift was £100, and payment was made by Weld to the 
Country Treasurer. Interest on this fund was paid to the College by the 
Colony until 1685, when for some reason it lapsed; but in 1713 payment 
of principal and interest was made to the College Treasurer. 

The College is in possession of a document setting forth over the signa- 
ture of the founder of this scholarship her purpose in establishing it. By 
the terms of this document it appears that the yearly revenue of this fund 
was " according to her good and pious intention " " to be and to remun a 
perpetual stipend for and towards the perpetual maintenance of some poor 
scholar who shall be admitted into the said College by the said trustees or 
the major part of them, which poor scholar is to enjoy the said yearly 
stipend only until such time as such poor scholar doth attain the degree of 
a Master of Arts and no longer, and then the said yearly stipend shall by 
the said trustees be bestowed upon another poor scholar of the said College 
whom the said trustees shall think best deserving, so the said stipend to 
go in succession from one poor scholar to another, therefor and towards 
their yearly maintenance in perpetuum in manner and form as aforesaid." 
Such facts as are known relative to the history of this scholarship are 
published in the Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society for 
October, 1887. It is unquestionably the oldest and most interesting 
foundation of the kind in this country. Its age would entitle it to respect 
even in England.* It is unfortunate that no information as to the founder 

* Since the publication of the paper in the Proceedings of the American Antiqaarian 
Society, entitled *' The first Scholarship at Harvard College,** I hare been watchftil for 
anything which might help me in identifying Lady Mowlson. I foand in Brown's Oenesit 
of the United States that Thomas Moulson was present, April 15, 1614, at the Court of 
Assistants of the Grocers* Company. The fact that the name isnot a common one, and that 
itoccared in connection with American ventures, led me to the conclusion that the reference 
was worth preserving. Mr. John Ward Dean has kindly called my attention to the fact 
that Sir Thomas Moulson, Lord Mayor of London in 1634, was knighted at Greenwich on 
the 1st of June in that year. Through his assisunce I am able to trace in the Calendar 
of State Papers, Domestic, 1633-6, enough of the career of Sir Thomas to disclose the fol- 
lowing facts. In March, 1634, the Lord Mayor of London died. Thomas Moalson, at that 
time an alderman, was chosen ** to succeed in that government." After his term of office as 
Lord Mayor wns completed, he again served as alderman. His name appears in reports to 
the Council, and communications to him are to be found, from the hands of the Commis- 
sioners of Pious Uses and from the King. 

In Fnller*8 Worthies of England, Nutcall's Edition, 1840, vol. i., p. 282, Moalson is 
classified as a native of Cheshire and it is there stated that *' this Thomas Moalson founded 
a fair school in the town where he was l)om,*' and in a note Nuttall states that ** he foanded 
a chapel at Hargrave-Stubbs and endowed it with 40 1. a year. He also endowed a school 
a(yoining with 20 1.** Nuttall refers to Lyson's Cheshire for his authority. Taming to 
this volume, which is the second part of the second volume of Lyson's Magna Britannia, 
we find references to Sir Thomas on pages 400 and 798. The school which he founded was 
** for the government, education, and instruction of youth in grammar and vinue.** He 

Exhibitions of Harvard College, 


has beeo obtained ; and it must be regarded as somewhat remarkable tbat 
from the day of ita fouodatiou to the present time, fate seems to ha%'o 
detemuDed that the Lady Mowlson scholarship should not have an inde- 
pendent existence.* 

John Glover Fcjnd. In 1653> John Glover of Bostou left to ** Har- 
vard College at Cambridge for and towards the maintenance of a Fellow 
there, live pounds a year forever.** It is stated iu the Treasurer's Report 
that this annoity is accumulating. 

Edward Hopkins Bequest. In 1G57, Edward Hopkins, Governor 
of Connecticut, left a sum of money " for the breeding up of hopeftil youths 
both at the Grammar School and College for the public service of the 
Colony in future times." This bequest has figured in the courts, both 
sides of the ocean, but is now in the hands of trnatees aod the College 
receives a part of the income from itf Its history has been repeatedly 

John Dodebidoe Annuity. In 1659, John Doderidge by will, duly 
proved at London, England, left an annuity to the College, The clause in 
the will relating to the exhibition is as fallows: 

** Also I give and hequealb unto ye College in New England towards ye 
nainteDance of scholars there, ye yearly sum of ten pounds to be forever 
offering and going forth out of my said Rectory of Fremington in ye 
CouDty of Devon." 

Tbis annuity was paid until 1685. In 1720, steps were taken to teat 
the legal rights of the College. This was tlte cause of considerable ex- 
penditure of money without return of any sort In 1737, the quest waa 
ikbandoned as hopeless by advice of Counsel. 

Robert Keyke House. In 1G59, Robert Keyne of Boston left to 
the College a legacy of £100 and *'also the one moiety or lialfe part of a 
I bonae situate in Boston near to the old meeting boose vallued at one 
^Ulindred and forty Hve pound ten Bhillings*" This house was sold to Col. 

" directed *' the orerplnB of rents arising from ccrtaiTi lands, then I\t him fH^en, to bo 
apjolied to the relief of such ooor persons us the m^'jority of the fL'offti'B ffkall think fit.'* 

The DiUiic is genemlly spelt Moulson, lint it actura outre In th4J Ciikndar of State Papers 

It Appears in the list of Sherifl^ for London and Mlddle^x, given In Fnller*fl Worthies, 
ml. ii , p* 407' 21.JiimesL 

These fiict* bring Ijefore ns a successful mercliant and a publk-splrited maUt whom his 
feUow citisens delighted to honor. His Interest hi American affuirj^ wlijch led him to bo 
preeent aI the meeting of the Court of Assistants of the Urocers' Coinimny has brought his 
tume Into &n American book published nearly three centuries after the met^ting in queatioii. 
He recognised his obligations to his fellow raeu and nought to provide for the welfare of 
posterity out of the fortune whiLli he had accumulated* 

Is there any connection between Liidy Ann Alowlaon, the London widow, who la 1643 
founded the first scholarship nt Harvard, and 8ir Thomas Moulson, Lord Mayor of LondoQ 
and fotioder of the school at H&rgiuve>Stu1ibi } This quejition can he easily ausirered by 
British antiquaries. 

• Nbwoate Axn rrxT. An annnltj left by John Newgate in 16W» although by Its terms 
DOt AD exhibition^ was often trettted as such by the College authorities. 

f Alliisions to this Bequest, more or less elaborate, will be found In many of the general 
lilitories. Qnlacy glTea some details hi his History of Horrttrd College* For further par- 

N, B. Hist, and Gen. Beg., toI. 38, pp. 315, 316, 

A Brief Account of the Fnnde that came from the Estate of Edward Hopkins from the 
Eeport of the School Committee of Cambridge for the year 183$. Cambridge^ 1886. [Pre- 
pftred by John Lewis Hildreth.] 

An Account of the Trut^t admitiUtered by the Trustees of the Chiurily of Edw&rd HopkinSi 
by Cb«rlcd Pickering Bowditch. Privately printed, 1889* 

Tnunball's Connecticut* Vol. L Appendix. 
VOL, XLTL 19* 

236 Exhibitions of Harvard Oollege. [Juljt 

Paige, July 8, 1696, for £100. The testator's desire was that the beqaest 
should be ^ improved and used for the use and help of poor and hopeful 
scholars " ; but he lefl the disposal of the property to the discretion of the 
*^ President, Trustees and Oyerseers." The income was frequently dis- 
tributed among poor scholars. 

Henry Webb Leoact. In 1660, Henry Webb left the Collie by 
will a house in Boston, " the rent to be forever for the maintenance of 
some poor scholars or otherwise for the best good of the College." He 
also left £50 to be invested in pasture ground or a house, the yearly income 
of which was to be applied to the same ends. 

The house stood where Little, Brown & Co.*s book store now stands. 
The property still belongs to the College. The liberal character of the 
foundation leaves the application of the income of the fund entirely under 
the control of the College authorities. It may be that more useful applica- 
tion can be made of this income than in the establishment of onlinary 
scholarships ; yet it would seem that a suitable recognition of the libend 
founder of this trust would require the association of his name with some 
scholarship, so that it might be spread upon the pages of the Catalogue 
each year as a permanent record of the gratitude of die College. 

WiLLTAM Pennoyer SCHOLARSHIPS. The will of William Pennoyer, 
through which the College was put in possession of an annuity, of which 
it still receives the benefit, was executed in 1 670. The income is for the 
benefit of *' two fellows and two scholars," one of them to be of the 
posterity of Robert Pennoyer as often as occasion shall present; the other 
to be of New Haven Colony if conveniently may be. When the clause 
in the will containing these provisions was transcribed for the aid of the 
College authorities in assigning these scholarships, an error of chirography 
served to puzzle the College fathers for nearly fifty years. The phrase in 
the original will, " the other the Colony of now or of late called New 
Haven," became when transcribed " the other the Colony of Nox or of late 
called New Haven." The history of this curious error, so far as it may be 
gathered from the records of the College, may be found in the Proceedings 
of the American Antiquarian Society for April, 1887. A description of 
the scholarship will be found in the College catalogue. 

Elder Pen Annuity. In 1671, Elder Pen left an annuity of £10 
per annum for poor scholars at the College, but neither the fun(k nor the 
distribution were under the control of the Corporation. 

Richard Bellingham Reversionary Interest. In 1672, Richard 
Bellingbam left a reversionary interest which was to be administered " to 
be an annual encouragement to some godly ministers who may be such 
who shall be by my trustees judged faithful to those principles in Chh. 
discipline which are owned and pracitzed in ye first chh of Christ in Boston 
of which I am a member, a main one whereof is that all ecclesiasticall 
jurisdiction is comitted by Christ to each particular organical Chh., from 
which there is no appeal, visible saintship being the matter, and express 
covenanting ye form of ye Chh." The third instruction which he gave to 
the trustees was as follows : 

" That four or six, more or less, young students be brought up for ye 
ministry as the estate will bear." 

A copy of this will has been preserved ; but no mention of the College 
having reaped any benefit from its provisions appears in the reoorda. 


E'xh ibii ion a of Hu rvard Co liege • 


KiCBARD Russell Bequest. In 1679, Richard Russell of Charles- 
towQ executed a will wliich contained the following clause; '* To Harvanl 
College in Cambridge I do give and bequeatli one hundred pounds and my 
last will is that it aliall be improved lor (the) purchase of aome real estate 
or otherwise so m to bring in an annual revenue and the principal revenue 
shall be allowed to two |>oor students that may need the same, for their 
furtherance in good literature, and before payment thereof, security shall 
be given my executors for the fulfilling my will in this relation to the 
content of my overseers." Of this legacy £31 1 3s. 4d. was received in 
provisions, and for many years the hulance figured in the College accounts 
as a debt due the College* No mention is made in the records of know- 
ledge of any trust being attached to this partial payment* 

SA.MUEL Ward Legacy. In 1681, Samuel Ward left Bnrakin Island 
to the College, ** His mind** was, according to the will, that the income 
derived from the island should be applied ** for the easement of the charges 
of the dyet of the students that are in commons." This island, which is 
ijtnated in Boston Harbor, is still owned by the College. 

Browne Scholarship* In 1681, William Brown of Salem bequeathed 
£100 to the College for the bringing up of poor scholars. William Brown 
is describe*! in the Catalogue as the founder of this scholarship to which 
subsequent contributions were made by Benjamin Brown, Major William 
Brown and Coh Samuel Brown. These will be referred to in detail in 
chronological sequence. 

Nathaniel Hulton Gift. In 1691, Nathaniel Hulton o! Newing- 

n Greene wrote to Increase Mather as follows: 
It is my reaolntion to give one hundred pounds^ I say £100, which la 

much as I can do considering my estate and the many poor relations I 

Te, and this £100 I do wholly and absolutely leave to you to lay it out 
Upon something that will bring in a yearly revenue forever, and that upon 
a trne title that will last, and as soon as you have found a place you may 
charge me with £100 sterling money, and I shall pay it if I be alive, or if 
I be dead I will take care to leave order that it he paid when you charge 
it." ♦ * • "I leave it wholly to you to lay it out and have ye income 
shall be bestowed so as may do most good.'* Hulton executed a codicil to 
his will to the following effect! ** I give and bequeath to Mr. Increase 
Mather Minister of ye Gospel in New England ye sum of one hundred 
pounds lawful money of England for ye use of ye College of which he 
is President," At a meeting of the Corporation held June 1, 1709, 
it waft proposed by Mr. Increase Mather that one of his son Walter's 
children might have the benefit of the above legacy while at the College, 
which was assented to. The fund was treated for many years as an exhibi- 
tion fiind.* 

Sew ALL Scholarships. In 1696, Hon, Samuel Sewall of Boston, and 
his wife, gave the College a farm in the Naragausett Country, the income 
thereof to be appropriated to the support and education of youths of in- 
infficient means, those from Petaquamscot, i£ any, lo be preferred. These 
•cholarships are described in the Catalogue^ 

• Major John Richardb BKQrEST. In 169-*, Mujor John Richards lieqaeathed to Har- 
vard Colle^fe £100 "the yearly pnjfit to be toweirda thcs mnfntciuineo of poor ^cholnrs at 
tlie discretion of the President And I'tdLovrg for ilw lime iiciDg.** In TrciL-iurer Brattle's 
sment for 1696 this te^ncy appears as a dcbi due the Colleg^f but inasmurh as no men- 
1 1* ever made of the bequest among the annual exhibitions it is not probable that it wns 
r collected. 

238 Uxhibitions of Harvard College. [July, 

Stouohton Scholarship. In 1703, William Stoughton left to the 
College by will twenty-three acres of pasture land and four acres of marsh 
land in Dorchester, the yearly income to be for the benefit of some Dor- 
chester scholars ; if none snch are at the College, then to some Milton 
scholar, and in want of such to any well deserving that is needy. This 
scholarship is described in the Catalogue. 

Captain Richard Spraour Bequest. In 1703, Captain Richard 
Spragae of Charlestown left £400 to Harvard College, to be disposed of 
for the benefit and advantage of the Corporation, according to the direction 
of Vice President Willard, John Leverett, Rev. William Brattle and Rev. 
Simon Bradstreet. In 1726, Bradstreet, being then the only snrvivor of 
the trustees, resigned his power of disposing of the donation, into the hands 
of the honored and reverend Corporation of Harvard College. This be- 
quest, although not specifically an exhibition, was so administered for 
many years. 

Benjamin Brown Bequest. In 1708, Benjamin Brown bequeathed 
two hundred pounds for the support of poor scholars, preference to be given 
to Salem scholars. This bequest is included in the Catalogue under the 
scholarship described as the Browne^scholarship. 

Thomas Brattle Bequest. In 1713, Thomas Brattle bequeathed 
£200 *< towards the maintenance of some Master of Arts and especially of 
such a one as is best skilled in mathematics and shall by all proper 
methods endeavor the improvement thereof; as by reading and teaching 
the same and making observations and communicating them to the learned 
abroad as in some manner I have done, respect and preference being ever- 
more given to such as shall be akin by blood unto mejabove and before all 

Major William Brown Bequest. In 1716, Major William Brown, 
second brother to Benjamin Brown, bequeathed £100, the income to be used 
to help support his descendants while students at the College; if none 
there, then to help maintain poor scholars from Salem. This bequest is 
included under the scholarship described in the Catalogue as the Browne 

Rev. William Brattle Bequest. In 1717, William Brattle be- 
queathed £250 *' with this proviso and in expectation and confidence that 
said President and Fellows and whosoever shall succeed or come in their 
stead and room for the improvement and use of said money, do, will and 
shall take effectual care forever that £15 annually be disposed of to one 
or more of students at ye discretion and pleasure of said President and 
Fellows unless said student or students be nominated and appointed by 
some of my kindred related to me by blood.'' There is another clause in 
the will in which he gives to the College £250, " with the same purpose 
and proviso that are before mentioned in this will with respect to my 
former legacy to said College." The College apparently received £250 
under this will.f 

* Thomas Richards Lboact. Qaincy (Vol. II. p. 626) classifies a legacy of Thomas 
Richards in 1714 among the exhibitions. The following is the language of the will: 
•* Item I give to Harvard Colledge Thirty Pounds." 

t Mrs. Hutchinson Gift and John Wallet Leoact. Quincy [Vol. II. p. SXi] 
classifies a gift of £10 by the widow of Eliakim Hutchinson and a legacy of £100 by John 
Walley among the exhibitions. Hutchinson died in 1717. For several years previous to 
his death he had annually given the College £10. In 1718 the same amount was reoelvtd 

^Exhibitions of Harvard College. 


Col, Sa^uuel Brown Gift, Iq 1720, Col Samuel Brown gave 
£150 to be ased for the support of poor stutients. This gift is iiiclud^ la 
the ** Browne Scholarship " described in the Catalogue. 

HoLLis Scholarship. The remittances of Thomas Hollia to Harvard 
College began in 1719. By his correspoudence it appears that bis sola 
purpose at first was to assist poor and pious young meu iu their studies for 
the miDiitry. When in February, 1720-21, lie founded the Professorship 
of Divinitj, he provided iu the same instrument for one exhibition of ten 
pounds a year for a student for the ministry and for the ili vision of the 
mrplus income into as mariy more exhibitions of ten pounds each as the 
uinual income would bear. 

The details concerning these scholarships were more thoroughly fixed in 
1722 and are given in the Holiis Statute, recorded in the Hollis Book. 
"Dunces, Rakes and persons reasonably judged able to maiutain them- 
Belves " are there declared " not fit to partake of this bounty." The scholar- 
ihip ia described in the Catalogue. 

Rkv- IIenry Gibbs Legacy. In 1722, Rev. Henry Gibba ol Water- 
town left a legacy of £100 to the College, ** The yearly interest to be 
exhibited to such members of the College as need it, firstly to mj c!iildren*s 
posterity if they desire it." 

Caft. Ephraim Fly?jt Bequest. Iu 1723, Capt. Ephraim Flynt 
bequeathed £100 to Harvard College 'Ho be applied at the discretion of 
ye Corporation yt is to say ye income thereof to ye benefit of ye scholars 
there who are studious, well disposed and want help." 

Thomas Danfortb Gift. In 1724^ Thomas Danforth made the 
following communication to the Corporation: ^'To Harvard College on 
Hie condition hereafter named I do give* and when they have a Presideut 
lettled will confirm by deed, these three tenements at Framingham etc. etc. 
to have and bold ye same forever to their only use and behoof. The con- 
dtlions are as foHoweth : i.e. 

L That the Annual Rents shall be for the support of such students aa 
iliall from lime to time use and improve one of the studies in ye new 
lodgings erected by Mr. S to ugh ton. 

2. That ye nomination of said person shall be by my heirs resident in 
fe Province. 

d* That such student shall be exempt from paying study rent and 


4. If sacb lodgings shall not be from time to time got and kept in good 
repair, or if any prelatical injunction shall be imposed on said Society j yt 
in ^uch case my gift shall revert to my heirs. 

I shall advise of a meet form for such an instrument as soon as a Col- 
lege is gathered." In a codicil to his will Danforth left these leases to the 
College **on such conditions as I shall name/' 

Beginning with the year 1730. the Danforth or Framingham leases 
figure regularly in the list of exhibitions. For many years no single ex- 
hibition on the list equalled this in value. In 1806 iu a list of exhibitions 

from ht» widow. Leverett records the ftict tliat " the Pn?«itlcnt ftskcd her whetber she wm 
pleased to ^ive him iiny dJreotlons about the tJhpoflitlon of it, she Mid no, and so left it 
with him" The terms prescri tied for the liispositlon of WttHey'a legacy were " for the 
Bsc of two scholars £15 p^r annum for three yc^irs after taking Ibclr flnst decree, £10 
fiOfwardf the charge of their !^ccon(l degree." Of course these asslgameats coald not be 
" i from the income of this bequeat. 


240 SxhibiHims of Harvard College, [Jaly, 

for sundry legacies and donations amounting to $5,016,669 this appears as 

Anne Mills Lboact. In 1725, Mrs. Anne Mills left the College a 
legacy of £50, ^ which fifty pounds my will is should be improved towards 
ye bringing up of such scholars as shall most need if This fund figured 
as an exhibition for many years. 

Saltonstall Scholarships. In 1730, Madam Mary Saltonstall, 
widow of Gov. Ourdon Saltonstall of Connecticut, bequeathed to the Col- 
lege £1000, the income of which was to be given to two persons without 
means, of bright parts and good diligence (always dissenters) to fit them 
for the Church of Christ; those related to the giver by consanguinity to be 
preferred. These scholarships are described in the C&talogue. 

Col. Samuel Brown Bequest. In 1731, Col. Samuel Brown, the 
same who in 1720 gave £150 for an exhibition, bequeathed his estate in 
Hopkinton, the income thereof to be used for bringing up poor scholars, 
those recommended by his posterity to be preferred. This bequest u 
included in the scholarship described in the Catalogue as the Browne 

Nathaniel Hollis Gift. January 27, 1731-2, Nathaniel HoUis 
transmitted £350 in Province Bills to give an exhibition for two more 
scholarships subject to the same rules and orders as the ten established by 
his late brother, Thomas Hollis. *' What I chiefly intend is yt they be 
both Indian students, now and at all times if they can be had ; but if not I 
leave yt to ye College to fill up with such persons as they judge piously 
inclined, useful to ye ministry." Described in the Catalogue under Hollis 

DoROTHT Saltonstall Scholarships. In 1733, Dorothy Saltonstall 
bequeathed £300, the interest thereof to be employed yearly for the bene- 
fit of two poor scholars according to the discretion of the President and 
Fellows of said College for the time being. These scholarships are de- 
scribed in the Catalogue. 

Thomas Fitch Leoact. In 1737, the College received a legacy 
of £300 from Hon. Thomas Fitch << for the education of scholars of good 
capacity for the work of the ministry." This was treated as an exhibition. 

President Wads worth's Charity Bag. In 1737, President Wads- 
worth bequeathed out of the money in his charity bag £110, "six pounds 
of the annual income thereof to be for the support of some poor scholar I 
or scholars residing at the College (tho to no dunce or rake) at the dii- | 
cretion of the Corporation. And if any relative to me by blood should be 
at the College and need, I would have such one preferred." 

John Ellery Bequest. In 1738, £150, old tenor, was left by 
John £llery " for the maintenance of any of the students that may stand in 
need of such help." This legacy was treated as an exhibition and appears 
upon the annual lists in the records for many years. 

Daniel Henchman Gifts. In April, 1742, Daniel Henchman gave 
the College 100 oz. of silver, the annual income to be added to the sdary 
of the Hollisian Professor of Divinity. In October of the same year, he 
gave £150 for the same purpose. It was to be applied in this way so long 
as the Professor should be a man of the Congregational or Presbyterian 


Exhibitions of Harvard College. 


ChoTcli and would profess and teach the principles of the Christian religion, 
iccording to the well kiiown confession of" faith drawn up by a synod of 
the churches in New England. Failing either of these points, it was to be 
used for the benefit of some deserving student of said College whose parents 
thould not be able to bear the charges of his public education and who 
tbould also be approved bj the pastor of the Old South Church in Boston^ 
for the time being, preference being given to a child of Boston, In 1758, 
Henchman also gave X66 13a. 4d., the interest of which was to be given to 
the llollia Professor of Matheaiatics. 

President Holyoke Gift ani> Legacy. In 174S, President Hoi- 
yoke gave £100 old tenor to the College, the income to be for the use of 
the College until further directions were given for the disposal of the same. 
Bj his will he left £13 6s. 8d. lawful money, *' the income at present as 
the Corporation shall see meet, but my will is that when at any time here- 
tfter there shall be one or more related to me by consanguinity » shall be a 
member or members of said College, the income of this my bequest as also 
jrf that gift which I gave the College about two and twenty years ago, viz, 
one htmdred pounds O, T. shall be given to such relative or relatives of 
mine, if they shall stand in need or want thereof, such want to be judged 
by the corporation of said College." 

Hrnry Flynt Beqcjk8T. In 17G0, Henry Flynt, the venerable tutor, 
bequeathed £700 old tenor, or £93 63, 8d, lawful money* the annual in- 
come to be for the four senior tutors as an addition to their salaries. He 
also left a legacy of £112 10s. old tenor or ftfty Spanish dollars, ** the 
yearly interest to be paid to one or more needy scholars who are diligent 
iDd virtuous at the dii^crelion of the Corporation. My relatives of the 
blood to have the preference." These bequests are recognized in the 
Treaafurer's report. 

Rev. Dr. Joskpu Sewall Grrr. In 1765, Rev. Dr. Joseph SewaU 
gave £20 lawful money. Mr. Hubbard informed the Corporation that Dn 
bewail signitied to him that he desired the income of this donation should 
he disposed of to needy scholars. 

Rev. Dk. Appleton Gift. In 1772, Rev. Dr. Appleton gave to the 
Prmdent and Fellows of Harvard College £30 lawful money, ** desiring 
and expecting the annual interest thereof be every year exhibited to some 
well deserving student at the College, whose ci renin stances shall need such 
charitable assistance; and whenever any of my posterity shall be at the 
College that they shall have the benefit of this donation if their parents or 
goardians shall desire it; and this donation is instead of ye legacy given ta 
•dd College in my last will and testament.*' 

Kotwithstanding this last clause, the College received in nSi, £26 from 
tiM estate of Dr. Appleton for the same purpose. The ctanse undt^r which 
thb was taken was as ft»llow^s: '* I give to the President and Fellows of 
I^vard College, the interest thereof 10 be by them given to some poor 
bat well deserving scholar agreeable to my directions with respect to a 
former donation to said corporation/' 

Mary Likuall Leoact. Mary Lindall by will, proved June 17, 

1776, left the College £100, *^ the interest to be by them applied and 

annually exhibited to such scholar or scholars at said College of good 

i^ whose circumstances call for such charitable assistance, and that 

rence be always to such who shall be related to me by bloodi and 

242 Exhibttiofu of Harvard College. [Joljt 

in want of such to some scholar or scholars of the town of Salem." This 
legacy was paid in 1812. 

Alford Scholarship. Joanna Alford in 1785 bequeathed £100 
sterling to the College, the income to be appropriated for the education of 
those students who are under low and indigent circumstances. This 
scholarship is described in the Catalogue.* 

It would be interesting to pursue the study of theae exhibitions 
to a later date ; but the beginning of a new century nearly coinci- 
dent with a change in the form of government of the country fur- 
nishes a suitable stopping place. When the College was founded, 
and for nearly a century and a half thereafter, the accounts were 
kept in single entry. During this period, annual assignments were 
made of the specific income of the several scholarships, and the 
lives of these scholarships can be traced through the records. When 
the system of double entry book-keeping was adopted, the existing 
exhibitions of which the Treasurer has any knowledge were bunched 
in a single account termed the ** Exhibition Account " ; and there- 
after their history was consigned to the oblivion of that account. 
Some of them have since been rescued and re-instated upon separate 
bases. The majority survive only in the general account. 

It is a satisfaction to be able to state that I have been able to 
trace into the exhibition account all the gifts or legacies mentioned 
in the foregoing list which can properly be defined as exhibitions, 
and payment of which to the College can clearly be shown, with the 
exception of the Lady Mowlson Scholarship and the Richard Russell 
Bequest, f In the case of the former, the fact that the College 
treasurer was not made the custodian of the fund until seventy years 
after the foundation of the scholarship furnishes an explanation for 
the evident ignorance of the College officers of the conditions at- 
tached to the gift.f In the latter case, it may be inferred from the 

• West Boston Bridge Afpropbiation. When the West Boston Bridge was estab- 
lished the Legislature provided that the annuity granted the College for the revocation of 
its vested rights in the Charlestown ferry should be appropriated towards " defraying the 
tuition of indigent scholars, or for the reducing the expense of tuition to all the other 
scholars." The terms of this enactment were altered a few years thereafter. 

t I ought perhaps to add that I have made no eflfort to follow the Mary lindall legacy, 
as it was not paid till 1812. 

t An examination of the paper on the Lady Mowlson Scholarship, printed in the Pro- 
ceedings of the American Antiquarian Society, to which reference has been made, will 
show that the College fund amounting to £162 16. 4. in the hands of the Treasurer of the 
Province, was, in the latter part of the seventeenth and the beginning of the eighteenth 
century, invariably spoken of as consisting of gifts to the Colle^ce. It is evident that the 
Overseers did not then have knowledge of the existence of the document from which 
quotation has been made in the text, nor were they conscious that the Magistrates of the 
Colony had in 1656 dissented from the conclusion of the Deputies to pay the same over to 
the College, on the express ground that the Lady Mowlson gift was for the establishment 
of scholarships. Both these points will appear from an examination of the record of an 
Overseers* meeting held at Cambridge, July 25, 1712, taken from the Leverett Book, in 
which record the fund is spoken of as a donation, and in which it is stated that two 
memorials, referring probably to recent petitions, had been preferred to the Qeneral Coort. 
The following is Lcverett's account of the meeting in question : 

** The President represented to the Overseers that there was the sum of £162. 16. 4. dne 
being the donation of the Lady Moulson &c. to the College, due fh>m the Countrey; that 
the Countrey had obliged themselves to pay the College £16 P. annum in Countrey pay fbr 
ye Literest of the sd sum of £162. 16. 4 so long as it remained in the Publick Treasaiy, 

Exhibitions of Harvard College, 24S 

ib0ence of any alluBion in the records to the intention of RuBsell to 
found an exhibition, ihnt the College treaenrer was ignorant of the 
terms of the will. The partial payment of which we have knowledge 
WR« apparently the only pnyment made to the College. If it is 
unfortunate thrit the titles of any of these foundations should be lost 
from sight, etllt it must be a source of congratulation that the funds 
have survived the extraordinary fluctuations to which investmenta of 
that period were exposed. Eliut, in a memorandum following 
bis entry of Thomas Brattle's bequest, referring to his attempt at ex- 
pressing the value of the gifts in sterling and in currency, says : 
"At this period began the depreciation of the currency of the 
Province, in consequence of the issue of bills of credit by the 
government. Specie disappeared, and the bills increased in num- 
ber and diminiehed in value till after 1750, when a large sum in 
silver was received from England to reimburse the expenses of the 
colony in the French War* and formed a sufficient basis of circula- 
tion till the Revolution. The rate of depreciation is adopted gener- 
ally on the authority of Mr, Felt ; though memoranda in the Col- 
lege records and some private sources of information have been con- 
sulted, and occasionally followed. Probably prices in the money 
market were not so definite as they would have been in a larger and 
more wealthy community ; and the rates here given must be con- 
sidered as generally rather tfian universally correct," 

This crisis was by no means the most perilous of the hazards 
which current investmenta of that day had to meet. After having 
ptLBBed through the time when they were tested as to value by 
examining whether they were payable in bills of old or new tenor, 
in lawful money or in sterling, they were exposed to the conditions 
of a currency which may be measured by the titles of the following 
sccounts coexistent on the books of the Harvard College Treasurer ; 
Paper Currency, Continental Loan Certificates, Bills on France, 
Difference of Exchange, Depreciation Notes, Bills of Xew Emission 
and Bills of Old Emission. As if to add to the confusion of aifatrs, 
it is difficult to say what was the real currency unit in use in the 
country* Contributions to a subscription circulated in 1766 were 
made payable in Guineas^ Dollars, Joannes, Spanners, Pounds and 

The Exhibition Account still figures in the Trea8urer*s report- 
Th« amount to the credit of the Account in recent reports is between 
June and ten thousand dc>llars* It is an open question whether it 

AhI re aniB of £15 h»d been $o paid anto the year 1€S»5. Thm the Prindpn] nnd tntcreil 
kfd bn dtlafsed from the College unto tbU day, and that tb6 the Trefl»ttrer af ilie College 
mfli« order of the Corporaijoti had twice prefer'd a memorial In behalf of the College to 
M IHntmi Court of the Froviiice, and raovcd that the Overseers wil be pleji»ed to take 
Ifee mfttter Into their conaideration and advise what Is to be done in the pretnts«es. 

Tbe Overfceeri were plejtsed to view the College records, by which It seemed to be evid^ 
ti^t fuch » ftum was doe, tifid tliey were of opinion time the Conntrey w'd be obhgcd Ui 
Juiioe to produce n dlschrirgo for the said Btim or to pay the piincipull with Che Interest iti 
if. But the Sccretnry wm deaired to search the Cooptrcy records that what liRht they 
^ might be produced, if further ih'd be deaianded« w'di h» waa pleaMd to BDikrUtke.^ 
VOL, X1*TI, 20 


Will a/ Henry Poole. 


would not be more in accordance with ilje general policy of the Col- 
lege with reference to gifts* if it should distribute this fund, or the 
greater part of it, crediting such exhibitions as may be supposed to 
have lost their identity through its establii^hnient with proportionate 
amounts, and leaving them to accumulate until ihey can be used for 
beneficiary purposes. It would seem as if some of these aecounte 
have a right to separate existence on the books of the College. If, 
for instance, it should be concluded that the Lady Mowlson Scholar- 
ship is to be ft)und in the Exhibition Account, it would be an easy 
matter to revi%'e it by name. If, however, it should be determined 
that this Schohirehip was never covered into that Account, then an 
appeal might be made to some of the wealthy alumni to furnish the 
funds for the establishment of a scholarship of that name. 


Commtinicatcd by John S. H. Fooo, M.D*, of Soutli Boston, Miiifi. 

I Henry Poole Late of the Citye of London, Girdler, and now 
resident in Boston in New England Being willing to prouide for my 
departure out of this ji^'sent Liffe though wenke & sicke of body yet 
of good and pfect memory Thanckes be giuen to God for the same ; 
doe now make ordaine & declare this my Last will and testament in 
manner and furme following. 

Imfkimis, I will that all such debts and dutyes I am of right owing 
to any pson or pgons be well and truly paid and contented by ray 
Executor heere affter named, and affter my debts are paid and funerall 
expences p formed I will that all my goods, chatteUd and debts shal 
be Deuided into three Equail parts, Whereof I will that my deare & 
Loueing wiffe Elizabeth Poole shall haue one Equall part to her 
owne proper vse, of all my said goods Chattel la and debts affter the 
Laudable Custome of the City of London : and the second equaU 
part of all my said goods, chat tells and debts whatsoeuer I bequeath 
to my tliree sonns to be deuided anion get them ; That is to say, to 
my Eldest sonne Henry one hundred pounds and my second eonne 
Robert fBtye pounds (more) then my will is shall be giuen and 
bequeathed to my Yongest sonne Edmond Poole. And yf my 
said deare & Loueing wiffe shall happen to bee w*^ child I bequeath 
vnto him or her an equall portion w^^' my sonne Edmond, To be paid 
and deliuered to them and euery of them according to the proportion 
before mentioned when they shall accomplish and come to there 
Lawfull ages of one & twenty yceres or else to bee marryed, and yf 
any of my said children shall decease before they accomplish said 
ages and before that tyme bee not married that then 1 bequeath his 
or her part (of the soe deceased) to the other of them then suruiving 
to be deliuered to them as aforesaid. 


fVill o/ffennj Poole, 


And the third cquall part of all my eaid goods Chattella and debt* I 
reeerue vnto my Executor or Executrix heereaffter expressed there w"* 
to pforme my Lcgncies and bequests, heereaff\er specifyed, Thnt is 
to eay the residue of all my goods Chattella and debts affter my debta 
bee paid ray funerall expencee pformed and these my Legacy ea 
contained in thia my present testament fullfild I Wholy Liue and 
bequeath to my said Childmn to be deuided among them and deliu^d 
VDto them as I haye al*oue Willed and declared. 

Item, I glue and bequeath vnto ray ffuther Rowland Poole for a 
ring twenty shillings and to my Sister Martha Caatle twenty shillings 
for the same vse. 

Item, I bequeath to Robert Castle, Thomas Bentliah Esquire and 

M*" Peter ench of them twenty fiue abillinga for the aforesaid 

vse. Item, I bequeath to my Brother Randall Poole and his 
children the summe of ten pounds and to Anna Paullmoore forty 
shillings. Item, I giue and bequeath to the Colledge of Camhredg 
in New England ten pounds, and to William Bartholemew fforty 
ihtllings. And I will and my mynd and intent is that my vviffe or 
any whom she shall ordain e and appoiiite shall haue the keeping 
gouernance & bringing vp of my said Children during there non- 
ages, and alsoe the diaposall and imf>loyment of there and euery of 
there portions (bequeathed and shalbe comeing to them or any of 
them as aforesaid) too and for the vse beniffet and behoofe of them 
& eucry of them as is before exprejfed. And of this my present 
testament I make and ordaine my said deare Wiffe Elizabeth Poole 
my sole Executrix. And of the execution of the same I make and 
ordaine Robert Castle and Thomas Bendish Esquires Ouerseers in 
England, and for the Mannaging and composing of my aiFairea in 
New England and tbe better obtaining and pcuring all my goods 
chatties & debts heere I doe aleoe constitute and ordaine Nehemiah 
Bourne William Dauis Robert Couke and Thomas Dayton Over- 
seers of this my Last will & Testament, And do giue & grannt vnto 

em and euery of them full power and authority to psecuie any 

on or psons for euery debt or debts duty appertain nige tu me by 
special tie or otherwayes & to pcure and receiue the same and dispose 
thereof for the beet aduantage of my wiffe & children according to 
my trust committed vnto them. And for There Labour and paynea 
tlierein I giue & bequeath to my Ouerseers twenty Xobles a peece. 
And I Vtterly reuoke & disanull euery other former Testamenta 
wills Legacies bequeasts Executors & Ouerseers by mee in any wise 
before this tyme named willed & bequeathed. In Wittnese whereof 
I haue heerevnto set my hand & Scale, Dated at Boston in New 
England the twenty*" day of August Annoq. Dom. 1643. 

Sealed Signed & deliu'd Hen : Poole. 

in pesents of ve. 

Richard Shearman Jo Wakelin 

Thomas Bart holme w George Story, 

S46 Bev. JStephen Baehiler. [July, 

[The original of the above will of Henir Poole is in the possession of Dr. 
Fogg, who has kindly copied it for the Rboistxr. The original contaim no 
ttemorandmn of its being probated, and tiiere is no entry relstiye to the will on 
Che records of the Suffolk Probate Court. It is probable that Mr. Poole did not 
live lonff after the date of his will, as the Hon. Josiah Quincy In his History of 
fiarvard Uniyersity, yol. 1., page 458, qnotes from College Book No. III. an 
entry of a cash receipt by the college ** as of the year 1649 " of ten pounds froA 
** Henry Pool." If the amount was paid under the will, it most have been 
received Uter than 1642, for the will is dated 1643. What more is known of thli 
Henry Foole?— E01TOK]. 


By (he Hon. Chaklbs B. Batohbldbr, of Portsmoath, N. R. 

[Continued ftx>ni page 161.] 

In 1 639 Rev. Timothy Dalton became teacher of the church at Hamp^ 
ton, Mr. Bachiler remaining as pastor. From his arrival dates the fieree 
conflicts in the church, wiiich must have prevented either minister from 
sccomplishing any good in the community. The larger portion of the 
worshippers sided with Mr. Dalton, having been his parishioners in Eng- 
land at Woolverstone, Ipswich, in Suffolk.* 

This gave Dalton an advantage in the contest, though bis opponent, 
educated in the most famous English university, of excellent natural abili- 
ties, a keen disputant, quick to attack the i^eak point in his enemy's armor, 
courageous and unyielding, was no mean antagonist. Bachiler was posi- 
tive, earnest and convincing. He spoke as one having antbority and from 
knowledge of the truth. Dalton was younger, more active, and perhaps 
nore vehement, than his elder colleague. He was mo:e politic than 
Bachiler, but fully as tenacious of his opinions. By his residence in Ded- 
bam he had learned the plans and desires of Massachusetts and earnestly 
espoused them. He had the powerful support of the Bay Colony and was 
perhaps made teacher of the Hampton church in order to combat the 
pastor's independent influence. 

The history of this three-years contest between the pastor and teacher 
of the church at Hampton has nearly passed into obscurity. The town 
records show nothing concerning it. The church records of that date have 
disappeared. The only thing remaining is Winthrop's relation of the 
utterly improbable story that Mr. Bachiler, evidently esteemed of pure life 
to that time, at the age of four-score years solicited the chastity of his 
neighbor's wife.f Winthrop adds, apparenrly as a circumstance of aggra- 
vation, that Mr. Bachiler then had **a lusty, comely woman to his wife.** 
This was evidently one of " the provoking matters " which Rev. Tliomas 
Shepard advised Winthrop might be left to the judgment of others to pub- 
lish when the copy of his history was privately examined. That Winthrop 
himself would have struck out this record, if he had been alive at its publi* 
cation, is extremely probable. Consider for a moment the evidence against 
this accusation. 

1. The advanced age of the accused and his previous good character 
almost certainly prove the story a fabrication. 

• Registbr for 1885, pnge 288. 
t Winthrop's N. E., ii. •44, 46. 


Hev, Stephen Bachihr. 


2. Tbe immorality of the ftettlers east of the Merrimack was urged aa 
a muofi why that region should come Qoder Massachusetts rule. To sup- 
port that statement numerous people in the two eastern colonies were 
charged with sexual crimes. It is doubtful if any of them were true, 
except in the case of Underhitl, who was forgiven as soon as he had trans- 
ferred his allegiance to the Bay, and perhaps Burdett, minister at Agameu- 
ticus, who was indicted for adultery* 

3. Such solicitation was a crimiual offeuce in those days, punishable 
with severe penalities.* No indictment was ever found against Mr. 
Bachiler and no charge ever made against him to any magistrate. On the 
contrary he charged his accusers with the crime of slander before the 

4. Early in 1644 Mr, Bachiter had a call to settle at Exeter< The 
path between Hampton and Exeter was short and easily travelled. Hamp- 
ton gossip was repeated in Exeter in a few days. If the highly respectable 
people of Exeter had supposed there was a scintilla of truth in the chari^ea 
they would not have called the offender to be their pastor. Moreover the 
prohibition of the General Court of Massachusetts against Bachiler*8 settling 
at Exeter was based, not on his utifkiiess, but on the divided st^io of the 
Exeter church. f If he ha<i been supposed guilty of impurity it would 
hAve been a conclusive reason against his settlement at Exeter, and we can 
hmnilj suspect the General Court of disf^embling and basing their action 
npoQ ft weaker reason when a stronger existed, 8uch was not their u^ual 

5. But it is said that he confessed the crime, though he afterwards 
denied it. If true, that would end all controversy. All writers on evidence 
declare that admissions or confes^iotis are worthy of little credence unless 
made in the plainest terms and with the clearest understanding of the facta 
of the ca^e. An examination of Winthrop's History would induce us to 
believe that New England was then full of all kinds of sexual crimes, and 
that nearly every person accused confessed Ins guilt, A slight examination 
of the ai?ts, which were deemed confessiona in those days, show their utter 
un trustworthiness as evidence* To refuse to plead either guilty or not 
guilty was wrested into a confeasion^ It is evident that Bachiler never 
confessed in words. The charge waa based on some alleged admission by 
conduct. The repreaentation of Bachiler as a whifHing, inconstant man is 
entirely foreign to his character. Winthrop's words, ** He stiiily denietl 
it,** clearly represent his disposition. He was a positive* obstinate, tena- 
cious, unyielding man. When he made a statement he stcod by his words 
and did not contradict them shortly after. It is almost impossible to be- 
lieve that any excitement arising from the outrageousness of the charge, 
any indignation aroused by his iunocencCt or any fear caused by knowledge 
of g lit, could make him on a single occasion only in the course of his long 
and contentious \\i&^ uncertain and vaccUating. He was evidently mis- 
understood or misrepresented, Frobably the latter. The so-called con- 
fession had this basis and no more. BachOer's project had tailed. The^ 
Bay^ Cclony had succeeded in its desiga against New Hampshire. The 
oppoeition to Bachiler in the church at Hampton, previously a majority, 
Wfti greatly strengthened by the union of the provinces in IG4L Dalton 

• Hagti Peter's letter to Wjnthrop, Mass. Hist, Coll, Fotirth Series. Vol. VI, 40., 
Winthrop'i N. £. I. *292 note. Id, I, •60. Mas. Coort Recordt, Eockiagbam Co.. N. H., 

t Reoirrsa, Vol. L 162, 
■" . HUt. Coll. Fourth Sericf. VoL VH. 585. 
VOL. XLVL 20* 

S48 Bev. SUphen Bachiler. [July, 

had saoceeded in ezcommaDicatiDg him. At last, wearied with the contest, 
Bachiler accepted the inevitable and agreed to remove ** for peace's sake," 
as he wrote Winthrop. In order to justify to Winthrop their unlawful act 
in excommunicating Bachiler, Dalton and his adherents told Winthrop 
that Bachiler had confessed the truth of the charge and claimed that his 
offer to remove voluntarily was a confession of guilt. That this act was a 
confession was indignantly denied by the pastor, and so arose the charge 
that he confessed and then retracted his confession. What absurd con- 
structions were given to words in those days in order to allege that a 
confession had been made can be seen by examining Wheelwright's letter 
in connection with the statement of the Massachusetts Grenend Court in 
1644, that Mr. Wheelwright had made *^a particular, solemn and serious 
acknowledgment and confession of his evil carriages and of the Court's 
justice upon him for them." 

Winthrop accepted as true the word of Bachiler's enemies, and neglected 
to give the aged pastor a hearing for his vindication, though argentlj 

6. The Hampton town records of this date are silent in r^ard to this 
matter, and the church records have been missing for many years. They 
can give no testimony either way. 

7. No tradition exists in Hampton or, so far as can be learned, has 
ever existed, giving the name of this woman or her husband, and no written 
evidence of any kind has ever been produced, except the story as preserved 
by Winthrop. Who was this woman? Was the complaint made promptly? 
Was her word worthy of credence? Was she of pure life? Did she per- 
sist in her declaration ? Did she afterwards retract the charge ? Did she 
live in Hampton many years afterwards, and was she durins this time on 
friendly terms with the accused until bis removal from town r We cannot 
test the truth of the charge by answers to these questions, for we have no 
evidence on these points. 

8. During all this time Bachiler was carrying on a correspondence with 
Gov. Winthrop and members of his family. If he had confessed the crime 
Dalton would have promptly notified Winthrop of that fact, and Bachiler 
would soon have found that Winthrop knew it On the contrary, at the 
end of the year 1643 we find him writing to the church at Boston that he 
does not see how he can leave Hampton until he has cleared and vindicated 
the wrongs he has suffered in the church of which he was still a member. 
He demands a trial of his allegations against Mr. Dalton and of Dal ton's 
defence. He says that divers elders and brethren have looked slightly into 
the troubles, but there has never been a judicial trial of them. 

He afiirms that his excommunication was the foulest matter, both for 
the cause alleged and the real cause (even wrath and revenge). The 
proceedings of Dalton against him he declares to be monstrous and fearful. 

Brook says '*the supposition that the charges of immorality against Hugh 
Peter were true is inconsistent with the intimate relations which he is 
known to have sustained to many eminent men of unquestionable worth."* 

Would Winthrop and his family have been friends and correspondents of 
one whom they knew to be immoral? 

9. It must be remembered that no charge is so easily made, so readily 
believed without proof, and so difficult to disprove. The allegation alone 
is frequently considered full proof. It was not incumbent on the accnsed 
to prove the negative, that he was not guilty. The burden of proof was 

• Sprsgne's Am. Polpit, Vol. I. 75. 


liev, Stephen Bachiler. 


on ibe complainant to make out a case, and it certainly never waa proven. 
The testimony of the woman, aided by confessiou, wauld have made a 
strong case for the Colony in a criminal prosecution, and as the respondent 
could not testify it would have been imposs^ible to produce any legal evi- 
dence in bts behalf. This fact clearly indicates that no confession that 
ooold have been received in court was ever made. 

In a like case in 1642, supported by similar evidence, Hev» James 
Parker^ then of Portsmouth, thought the matter not worthy of complaint 
lor lack of evidence, and did nut report it to the Massachusetts magistrates** 

10. Nearly two years after bis exconimnnication the matter was re- 
ferred to some magistrates and elders, and through their mediation he was 
released of his excommunication, hut not received to his pastor's office. 
It is nndoubtedly to this half undoing of the great wrong done bim that 
Bachiler refers in his letter to the church in Boston in 1643, when he says, 
"Whiles my cause (tho looked sleidy into by diverse Elders iSc brethren) 
ooald never come to a jtidiciall aearcbitig forth of things, Sl an impartiall 
try&ll of ray allegations & his defence. "t Was not reversal of the punish- 
ment a vindication of the accused? That the mediators refused lo restore 
him to bis office of pastor was due to the divided state of the Hampton 
church, not to any delinquency on the pastor's part. 

11. The year he was excommunicated he was chosen umpire In the 
important suit of Cleeve vs. Winter and Winter vs. Cleeve, involving title 
to the land now occupied by the city of Portland, Me. It is possible that 
this appointment was prior to his excoraninnication, hut in 164^i be re- 
ceived a call to Casco, They must then have known the aiander. Did 
tlicy discredit it* or did they consider it no wrong? 

12. Even Gov* Winthrop was evidently ashamed of the means used by 
Dal ton to destroy the good name of Mr. Bachiler, as he adds to hts account 
of the trouble* **his fellow elder Mr» Dalton (who indeed bad not cnrried 
himself in this cause so well as became him and w^is brought to see bis 
failing and acknowledged it to the elders of the other churcbesi who bad 
taken much pains about this matter)." How unjustifiable must have been 
Dalton*s conduct to induce Gov. Winthrop to censure bira in this manner, 
when Daltou was his friend, perhaps his relative, certainly a relative of 
his son John Winthrop, and an orthodox Puriun, fur acts done in interest 
of the Bay Colony. 

The penitence of Ballon, however, could not undo the wrong to Bach- 
iler. Was not the gift of most of her pro|>erty to Nathaniel Bachiler, 
Senior, the grandson of Rev. Stephen^ by the widow Ruth, relict of Rev* 
Timothy Dalton, evidence of an attempt on her part to atone as far as 
possible for the wrong done by her husbtind to Natbaniers grandfather ?t 

We have thus briefly indicated a few of the improbabilities of the story as 
it has come down to us. It seems utterly unworthy of belief, and it may 
safely l>e charged to the bitterness of the disputes which then existed in 
religious and secular matters. The call to Casco, already mentioned, was 
received in the latter part of 1643. George Cleeve wrote Gov. Winthrop 
the 27'** of the IV^ month 1643 that ** They (the inhabitants of Lygonia) 
seeing vs about to settle our selues vndar the ministryf and that the Lord 
wlU gather a Church amongst tb.'*§ Bachiler communicated with the 

. Hiit, Coll,, Fourth Series. Vol, VII. 441, 444. 
t Hasi. HivU Coll. Fourth Serie;). VII. 102. 
% Will of Ruth DaltOD, Family MS9. 
I Wmis^a Out. Portland, 881. 

S50 Mev* Stephen JBachiler. [July, 

cburch at Boston and received from the magiBtratea ftnd elders a letter of 
advice urging the acceptance of the call, presutiiubly because they were 
weary of the bickering at Hamptou and thought it would be ended by the 
removal of Mr. Bach Her, 

He replied to this letter of advice, under date of the '^SG**^ of this last 
m. 1643/' objecting that his removal from Hampton to Casco was forced 
bjennjust proceed inga, as well as by an honorable cailtng from Casco and 
liks honorable advice from the church in Boston. He states hia unwilling- 
nesl to accept the call before he has a hearing of his allegations against 
Da ton and a«ks for a full trial of the same. He said he had promised to 
go to Casco and confer wilh them in regard to the call about the last week 
of March, 1643—4. Tliia call probably came from Cleeve, who had recently 
returned from England with a commission from liigby as deputy president 
of Lygonia. WbtJe the call to Casco was under consideration, aud very 
early in lt>44, Mr. liachiler received a call to Exeter. 

By a letter, dated the IS"* or 19^ of this 3 m. 1644, written by Mr. 
Bachiler, we learn that the Mai^sacbusetts magistrates and elders had 
considered this last call aud had simply advised Mr. Bachiler to remove 
from Hampton, leaving him apparently free to choose whichever settlement 
he pleased. As he had not accepted the call to Casco he chose to settle at 
Exeter, and notified the Exeter church of bis acceptance. He also volun- 
tarily suggested to the Exeter people that they could not expect to main- 
tato a church and minister long unless they made provision for a parsonage, 
and offered to contribute forty pounds, nearly the whole of his annual 
salary, toward the purchase of Mr. Wheelwright's house for that purpose* 
The day of the helper's meeting was agreed upon, and the persons and 
materials of their intended church. An unexpected event however was to 
prevent his settlement. The Bay Colony, discovering the intended settle- 
ment at Exeter, then within their jurisiliction, promptly forbade the gather- 
ing of a church there. Just ten t^ays after receiving notice of the proposed 
settlement at Exeter, the General Court of Massachusetts^ held at Boston 
May 29, 1644, adopted the following order: 

" Whereas it appears to this Co't that some of the inhabitants of Exceter 
do intend shortly to gather a church, & call M"^ liachiler to be their min- 
ister, & furasmuclt as the divisions <& cotitentions w*^^ are amonge the in- 
habitants there are iudged by this Co''t to bee such as for the psnt they 
cannot comfortably Sl w^^ af>pbation pceed in so weightly & sacred a^aires^ 
it is therefore ordered » that direction shalbe fourth w^ sent to the said iu- 
habitants to deferr the gathering of any church, or other such pceeding 
untill this CVt or the Co'^t at Ipswich (upon further satisfaction of their 
reconciliation & Jknes) shall give allowance thereunto.*'* 

That the true reason ihr the prohihition was stated in this order is evi- 
dent because that reason could bt? inquired into by the Ij>swich court, and 
upon evidence of their reconciliation and fitness the order of the General 
Court could be revoked. Wintbrop gives the same reason and adds, "and 
beside Mr. Batchellor had been in iliree places before, and through his 
means, as was supposed, the chtirches fell to such divisions, as no peace 
oouid be till he was removed/*! I'^o General Court evidently did not 
care to put its opposition on that ground. Accepting the inevitable Mn 
Bacliiler settled down at Hampton again. He was a church member, but 
probably did not preach. 

• Masi. Colon V Records [52 J 

f WlQthrop*fl N. K. U, *177, aeti &lw li, 211| 212. 


Sev. Stephen BackiUr* 


At a General Court of electioD, held at Boston, May 29'^ 1644, it wa» 
ordered that ** Mr Belli ugh am, Mr Saltoiistall & Mr Sjmonda are ap- 
pointed a committee & have full power to heer & determine all businesses 
at Hampton both about their differences, offencei & a new plantation 
according to their several pctiiioiis."* 

On the 1 1th day of Jtuie, 1 644, on petition of Xpofer Hussie & 18 others 
of ye iDhabitantf of Hampton, "Mr Bellingham Mr Soltonstall & Mr 
Broadatreet are a cofJlittee to examine aod judge the differences between 
the iDbabitants/'t 

This was undoubtedly a petition of the adherents of Bachiler, as Huaaey 
waA his son-in-law. It will be noticed that the commissioners are the same 
as previously appointed, except that Mr, Bradstreet takes the place of Mr, 
Synoods. The first order was adopted the very day the Exeter settlement 
was prohibited. The latter was nearly a fortnight later. Very likely the 
Appointment of Mr, Symonds was offensive to Mr* Bachiler. 

The same year, Nov. 12, 1644, **lt is ordered by the MaasacbusetU 
General Court that Mr Samuell Dudley, Mr Carlton, & Mr. John Saunders 
of SaUberry ihalbe cofiiission'"9 to here & examine all matters concerning 
Mr. Bachiler dk Hampton: & they have power to eramine witnesses upon 
oath, wherby they may returne tlie truth of the case to the next Gen^all 
Co't of Election/'J 

Under date of July 15, 1644, Winthrop sayg, '*The contentions in 
Hampton were grown to a great height, tlie whole town wati divided into 
two factions, one with Mr. BatcheHer, their late pastor, and the other with 
Mr. Dalton, their teacher, both men very passionate, and wanting discre- 
tion and mo^leration. Their differences were not in matters of opinion, 
but of practi§e. Mr. Dal ton's party being the most of the church, and bo 
freecneDt had great advantage of the other, though a considerable party, 
and Aome of them of the church also, whereby they carried all affiiirs both 
ia church and town according to thetr own minds, and not with that respect 
to their brethren and neighbors which hiid been fit. Divers meetings had 
been both of ma;xi^trates and elders, and parties bad been reconciled, but 
bn&ke out presently again, each side being a|it to take tire upon any provo- 
cation* Whereupon Mr. Balehellor was advised to remove. ♦ ♦ * And at 
this court there came petition agjunst petition both from Hampton and 
Exeter: whereupon the court ordered two or three magistrates to be sent 
to Hampton with full power to hear and determine all differences there."|| 

May 14, 1635, *' In answ"" to Mr. Butchilers peticon^ ye Howse of ly^p^* 
eoniseave it not meete to a Howe him anything, but leave hi me at his 
liberty to seeke his remedy at any of ye Courts of Salem or Ipswich, § 
This was probably a petition to the General Court to make bim some 
aUowauce for his servicer at Hampton. 

About this time, probably, his second wife, Hellen^ died at HampioUf 
iged about sixty years. He sold his farm Hampton to William Howard 
tod Thomas Ward in 1644, and they sold it to the town, who afterwards 
gnmted it to Hev* John Wbetlwrighu 

[To tM ooDtlaocd,! 

• Mniw, ColoHT Records [^l]. 

t Mfisf . Colony Rccorrf«» Vol. III. 367. 

Mas*. Colonv Records [62]* 

Wmthrop'jN.E. n.MTT. 

Mav. Colon/ Records, Vol. til. 


The Friendt in Brentwood, N. U, 



Communicated by tbe Rev. Be7«J4Min A. Deajc, A.B., of Medford, M«a«. 

The followincp extracU are from the Eecords of Friends Society 
in Ameabury» Ma§8. 

Almsbury 1751: 5: 18 Benjamin Scribner James Beane and Samuel 
Dufllej requested libertT at tbia meeting to hold a meeting at Brentwood 
* * * the last first day of every month ♦ ♦ • which request was granted 
them «o long aa they behave tbemselvea orderly &c. Alto Da\rid Glif^brd 
desired the care of this meeting: which was granted. 

Hampton 1752: 6: 18 James Beane Samuel Dudley Benjamin Scribner 
and David Clifford desired that their meeting may be held at Brentwood 
on every first day of the week which was granted. 

Hampton 1 752 : 8 : 20 It being reported that there are disorders amongBt 
tbe people of Brentwood, this meeting appoints B. Hoag and Robert Rogers 
to visit said meeting and make inquiry into the affair and report to our next 
Monthly Meeting how they find things amongst them, 

1752: 9: 28. Almsbury The Report of those appointed to visit the 
people of Brentwood is that there is disorder amongst them: two speaking 
at a time in their meetings. * * This meeting appointed Obadiab Johnson 
John Peaslee and Abraham Dow to labor with those of the meeting at 
Brentwood that desired Friends care if possible to persuade them to comply 
with the good order practised amongst [Friends]; also that the Friends let 
them know the minutes that are made amongst Friends relating discipline. 

Hampton 1753: 2; 15: To James Beane Samuel Dudley Benjamin 
Scribner and David Clifford. You having desired the care of our Monthly 
Bfeeting * * * also requested, with said liberty, to hold a meeting at 
Brentwood which we allow was granted so long as you behaved orderly and 
according to the practices of Friends in general : now it publicly appearing 
to several of our Friends that your behavior is disorderly and the meetings 
you say are appointed for the worship of God * • ♦ In seveml particulars 
as followeth vi2 : Firstly in several persons men and women speaking at 
one time in your meetings, which is to be condemned by all Christian 
people that pretend to worship God ♦ * Secondly as to your saluting each 
other men atid women old and young pretending it to be a kiss of charity, 
ia not to be commended in the way and manner it is practised in your 
meetings : its to be feared will prove of ill consequence if you continue therein. 
Thirdly as to your holding meetings at unseasonable Friends* days or 
nights is contrary to the practice of Friends »cid not to be justified amongsl 
us, And for the before mentioned practices with other disorderly behavior 
and speeches not becoming the profession of truth its expected you will give 
an answer to any reasonable question that shall be asked any of you and 
that you will conform to the good order and discipline used amongst us as 
a people, and condemn all such behavior and speeches that you have been 
in the practice of in the time past that are contrary to the principles and 
practices of Friends in general* Now we desire yotir answer in writing to 


Thi Friendt in Srentwood, N. H. 


the particulara before mentioned ; tlie wliicb if you refuse or neglect, w© 
judge ourselves obliged to publicly declare to the world tbat you are not 
of us. Signed by order and on behalf of our monthly meeting Ijokleo at 
Hampton tbe 15**' day of tbe S'* month 1753 or at adjournment of said 
meeting on 21" of said month by Philip Rowell, Clerk, 

Hampton 1753: 4: 19 Also received from Brentwood in writing an 
answer to them signed by Benjamin Scribner and David CliJTord, James 
Bean and Samuel Dudley refused to sign it. Said writing was not to 
Friends satisfaction therefore not recorded here, 

Almsbury 1753:5:17 House of Jacob Rowell. Upon consideration 
of tbe practices of the people of Brentwood it is the mind of this meeting 
that whereas Friends give liberty to hold a meeting at Brentw*ood, that 
they hold a meeting there no more from tliia time in the unity of Friends 
until they condemn the disorders that has been in their meetings for worship 


The Almsbury & Hampton meeting withdrew fellowship from James 
Beane 1753 : 6 : 21 ; from Samuel Dudley 9: 20; from Benjamin Scribner 

vid Clifibrd and Jonathan Glidden 1756: 10 : 21. 

The following paper is from the original MS. preserved in 
Brentwood, N, H. ; 

To the friends or people called Quakers belonging to Hampton. Dearly 
beloved wee having receaved your Letter Dated ye 15"' of ye 2 month 1753 
signed by order of the Monthly meeting in said hampton as sdveth Philip 
Rowel Clerk, wherein you. or therein yon take notice of several 1 misdo- 
meanors or disorders practised amongst ye friendfe-att-Firintwood ; and 
detired an answer to the said Letter in writing but wee take notice 

your said Letter that you have not Fixt any sett time for onr returning 
said answer for which wee give you our thanks and take it as a 

voar. for that we have had time for a more acute observation & 
mature Consideration as to the matters of fact alledged against us the 
^riends at Brintwood. and upon the serious consideration of the whole: 

xly beloved wee think that the articles a I edged against us as the sub- 

nce of them are groundles; for as to the first objection in your Letter of 
•evarall spakiiig at a time : in time of divine service or worship it is not 
common neither do wee approve of it; as to the seccond objection of saiute- 
iog one anotlier there is so matiy Instances of it in scripture that we are 
astonished that you should stumble at that; But as lo Itts being practised 
in time of worship wee deny ; and as to je 3 objection of unseasonable 
tings wee think that there is no time unseasonable (or praying or 
'reaching Iff the Lord dispose us to itt by his spirit; and as to the many 
more disorders you hint at it is impossible wee should answer to them, as 
you have been so unkind as not to mention particulars, and so dearly 
Beloved Brethren wee submit the matter to your serious considfrauon And 
if wee are weak treat us as babes as brethren and as frietids; and let us not 
Bite and devour one another* but let us Bear one aiiothers burdens and so 

lllil the Law of Christ, so no more hut we Reraaiti jour Loving christian 
thren and Friends as wee think wee are in duty Bound Farewell. Dated 

Brentwood ye 3* day of ye 4"* month Called April 1753. 

Benjamin Schibneb 
David Clifobd 



r 9tY{ 


I in ti 



OrigifuU Boitan DoemmetUs. 



[Conimanicated bj John S. H. Fooo, M.D., of Soath Bottam, Ma«.] 

[Continued Arom pac« 122.] 

Thomas Jones Desires Liberty to Digg up part of the highway or street 
in Prince street in order to Lay a Dreain to his celler y* he is Di^ng 
there : ffor the Dowing of which provided he take the Method the Law 
Dericts he has the Approbation of 

Boston, Feby 11^ 171i-15. 

Joseph Wadsworth 
Edw: Hutchinson 
John Ruck 
W» Welsteed 





Jie town 




One galen of Oyl 

— 00 — 

2 — 


— 00 — 

1 — 


A jarr .... 

— 00 — 



Weeke yam . . 

— 00 — 



2 pound of Candle 

— 00 — 

02 — 


00 — 

07 — 


y* oyl below . 

. — 



By me, 

Exercise Ck>nant 

Sens that one 


of oyl— 8*. 

Town of Boston to Sam^ : Kneeland 

1754 May 15 

8. 0. 


To Paper and printing 1500 Tickets for ] 
Mr Blake, Sealer of Weights and Measures, [ ^- ^ ^ 
notifying the Inhabitants to bring in their f 
Weights and Measures to be sealed &c j 
Dec. 30. To Paper and printing 1800 Tickets for j 

a Town Meeting on the 3^ of January, re- >• £1. — i — 
lating to the Excise Act ) 

1755 Jany: 17. To Paper and printing 1800 Tickets for] 

a Town Meeting to Chuse a Representative f ^ , _A__i\ 
' • - - the Hon. James Allen, ^^A— *— ^^ 

May 1* 

the Room of 
Esq: deceased J 

To Paper and printing 1500 Tickets for 1 
Mr Blake, Sealer of Weights and Measures, ) ^- 
notifying the Inhabitants to bring in their C 
Weights and Measures to be se^ed &c. J 

May 26«» 


Errors Excepted 

p. Sam^ Kneeland. 


Original Boston Documents. 


Boston I 


October V\ 1714 

To Joseph Prout GeoL Treaaiirer for the Towd of Bostoo. 

Fnrsaant to the Grants of the Inhabitants of the Towa of Boston regu- 
Urlj Assembled on the 8*^. day of March » Anno 1713-4 & Contmiied by 
Adjournment to the 17^^ day of the Same. And at another meeting the 
4^* Day of June Anno, 1714, Wee the Assesaors of Said Town have 
apportioned the Sums on the Itiliabitants & Estates of Said Town, Accord- 
ing to the Directions in the Law viz: £2935 : 14 : H*^ for the necessary 
Charges of the Town, «fe £375 : — : — for the support of the Watch 
lor this present year, & have committed the Lists thereof to the Cotistablea 
of Said Town, ^ Together tberewith a warrant to each of them, to Collect 
& pay the Same into the Town Treasury, One Moiety or half part on or 
before the Twentieth Day of November next ensuing the date hereof, & 
the other half part on or before the first day of April next following viz: 


To Constable Daniel Berry 298 ; 11 : 


61 : 



Nath*. Coney 847 : 8 : 

5 ' 

53 : 


: — 

Solomon Blake 367 : 7 : 


51 : 


, — 

James Pemberton 337 : 3 : 

42 : 


I -_ 

BenjV Bird 523 : 6 : 


53 : 


: — 

John Latbrop 404 : 5 ; 


39 : 


' — 

Francis Wainwrjght 356 ; 17 ; 


45 : 


. — 

James Bkir 225 ; 18 : 

'i' : 

86 : 



iward Tuthill 74 : 17 : 

J75 : 

— : 

2935 : 14 : 


375 : : 

Sam^^ Greenwood ' 

3310 : 14 : 


Giles ffifield 

Jonathan Lonng 

AssesBora for th« Town of 

Nath^ Green 


David Farnum 

Will: Antram 

Proposals for Lesa'niog the Town Charge* 

1, That the Selectmen and Overseers of the Poor Advice what may be 
dooe for the l>etter Regulation of the Atm'shouse* 

2, That the Vote of the Towd m May 13*^ 1713 be observed. Abt, 
forming an Act to prevent Forraign Poor' Obtruding on this Town. 

3, That it be considered what Lauds may be Sold for the Towns 

4* That the Justices and Selectmen Visit the Poor family's of the 
Town in its Several parts Once a quarter Annually. 

Proposed for the better preventing desolation by Fire. 

1. That the Town Orders relating thereto be put iu ExecutiOD. 

2. That some Suitable person or persons he appointed to inspect the 
Chimney's of the Town and to be allowed for the same. 

Ju°. Marion. 
July 26^ 1714. 




f — 






I— e es e 









Parentage of Rev. Nicholaa Streei 




Gommanlcated bj Mr. J. Uenbt Lka* of Cedarhunt, FairliAven, Mass. 

The writer heinfij engaged, in the summer of 1890, in a genealo- 
gical quest in the County of Somerset, particularly Taunton and its 
neighborhood, made an extensive collection of Street items under 
the mistaken in^preesion that that family was connected with one in 
which he was then interested, and his attention being called to the 
article in the Register (April, 1890, page 183), on Rev, Nicholas 
Street, it at once occurred to him to endeavor to solve the mystery 
in which his origin was enveloped. This he at the time believed he 
h«d done in finding the baptism of a Nicholas Street at Pitminster, 
netr Taunton, 3 March, 1604, as this gave a very close approxima- 
tion to the required age of 18 at his matriculation at Oxford 21 
February, 1624-5. 

Subsequently however, the discovery, in the Bridgwater Registers, 
of the baptism of Nicholas, 29 January, 1603, caused him to sus- 
pect that his former conclusion had been erroneous, and an examina- 
tion of the Street Wills in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury at 
once and conclusivehj settled the question, proving beyond a doubt 
the identity of Nicholas of Taunton, the emigrant to America, and 
liicholas, the son of Nicholas, Jun., of Bridgwater, 
The accompanying pedigree is of course somewhat conjectural, 
ie examination of the Bridgwater Registers having been cut short 
r lack of time to properly complete them, thus failing to give us 
the burial of Susanna (Gilberd), the first wife of Nicholas, a fact 
which is needed to complete the identification ; while to verify the 
Uieory here advanced of Nicholas Street, Sen., being identicjd with 
Ktcholas, the son of Richard of Stogumber (suggested by the will 
of the said Nicholas, Sen., in which an interest in that place is be- 
queathed to his younger son Thomas), can only be accomplished by 
an exhaustive examination of the parish registers of Bridgwater, 
Stogumber and Bicknoller, which the family will no doubt at once 
undertake now that the path to be followed has been made clear. 
The last two parishes lie about twelve miles west of Bridgwater and 
about fourteen north-west of Taunton, and within a couple of miles 
of one another. Their registers date from 1559 and 1558 respec- 
tively. Bawdripp, also referred to in the same will, is quite near 
Bridgwater on the north-east, but its register has unfortunately 
perished before 1748. 

Overstowey, the register of which is given herewith, is only about 
four miles from Stogumber and Bicknoller, but the Quantox Uilk 


258 ParetUaga o/Bev. JficMa$ Sir€€i. [July, 

lie between and the names found there show no connection with the 

The Street Wills in the Consistory Court at Wells should also be 
thoroughly examined, as the Arch-deacon's Court at Taunton was 
inhibited during the Primary or Triennial Visitation of the Bishop, 
when all wills subject to this jurisdiction would have been proved at 
Wells, while those of the greater part of the County were always so. 

The writer's collection of Street notes is quite large, but only 
those connected with Somerset are here given as being possibly f 
although not all certainly^ connected with the emigrant's family. 
It will be observed that a very perfect pedigree can be constructed 
of the Pitminster line which is no doubt comigerous, as the family 
names are largely identical, but the point of connection, if any, is 
lost in the twilight of the early 16th century. Probably all the 
families of the name in Somerset and the adjoining counties took 
their cognomen from Street near Glastonbury, which is only about 
twelve miles east of Bridgwater. 

It is with great satisfaction that the writer adds one more to the 
many early emigrants whom he has been able to identify in their 
Old World Homes. To Mr. J. H. Treat of Lawrence his thanks 
are due for kind permission to use these notes, collected while en- 
gaged in the successful search for that gentleman's ancestry^ and to 
the many friends in England who have made his labors there a 
pleasure he can never weary of expressing his cordial appreciation 
of their kindness. 


Baptisms. Begin 1544; Searched to 1645. 

1547. — Alice streete was Baptized the second day of nouember. 
1551. — Joan streete was Baptized the viij th day fiebruarye 
1554. — Geratt street the son of georg street was Bapt the iiij of november 
1577. — James street son of gearatt street was Bapt the izth day of ffeb. 
1579. — William street son of geratt streete was Bapt the xvth Day of ffeb 
1582. — Richard street son of Gearatt streett was Bapt the izth day of may 
1584. — Robart streett son of geratt streett was Bapt the vijth Day of no- 
1586. — Joan street Daughter of geratt streette was Bapt the xxiiijth of 

1589. — mary streett Daughter of geratt street was Bapt the xxviijth Day 

of September. 
1597.— Robart Streat son of willm Streat Was Bapt the third Da^ of April! 
1599. — Leonardo Street sonne of william Streete was bapt the zvijth of Jan 
1602. — william Streat sonne of Wm: Strate was bapt the xjth of Aprill 
1604. — nicolas Streat Sonne of willm Streat was Bapt the Third of marche. 
1605. — Richard Streat Sonne of Geratt Streatt was Bapt the xjth of Aagost 
1608. — John Streat son of willm Streat was bapt the first day of may. 
1618. — George Streat sone of William Streat was bapt the xzjth day of 


Parentage of Rev, NicholcLs Street, 


1636. — Thomas Streat sonne o£ Richard Streat & Elizabeth his wife was 

bapt the loth, of Jauuarie* 
1642. — Joao Streatt daughter of George Streatt & SusaDoa his wife was 

bapt the 9th. of October. 

Marrtagei. Berfin 1542. 
1577. — GeraU streatt was maryed to Elizabeth spiring the xxviijth of no- 

160S, — Jerard Streate was maried to margaret Bayly the viijth. of ADgust, 
1628* — Richard street aud Elizabeth ScadiDg Weare Married the xiiijth 

day of October. 
1636« — Robart Shiles of Buckland St. Mary was maried to Edith Streat 

of ye same the third of October. 
1640, — Richard Streatt was Married to Elizabeth BoweriDg of Angers 

Leigh, widowe^ the 1 6th. of Januarie. 

Bufiols. Begin 1542. 
1550.^ — Joane street was Buried the ivth Day of ffebruarie* 
1574. — William streett son of Georg strett was Bur the xxvth day of Aprill 
1589. — Elizabeth streat wifie of Geratt streatt was bur the second Day of 

— Joan streatt wiffe of Georg streatt was bur the iijth Day of ffeb» 
1592. — Georg streat was Bur the xxvijth Day of Aprill 
1594. — Richard streatt son of geritt streatt was bur the xxvijth Day o£ 

1597. — ^Robart streatt son of william streatt was bur the last day of Junij 
1605- — Gerard Streatt was Bur the xviijth Day of marche, 
1630^— TVilliam Streat was bur ye lixih. of February. 
109. — EUzabedi Streatt the wife of Richard Streatt was bur the 16th. of 

1$I3. — Ellinor Streatt, widow, was bur the 27th. of June. 
1656. — Elizabeth Streatt Daughter of George Streatt was bur the 24th. of 

Burials were sewrched to 1661- 

Otterford Reoistebs. 1558 to 1655. 

1576. — Jan* 24 — Nicholas Streato & Chriatian HaJfeyard weare maryed*. 
1605«*-^Sept. 2 — John Streat & Chris table Staple were married. 

St. Maet Magdaxck — Taui^toh, 1558 to 1640, 
1569« — Julie — Johane Streate 1 6 daie. 
1578- — Aprill — John Streete 27 ** 
1578. — march — marie Street 22 " 
1581- — March— Thomas Streete 28 " 
— Jan. — margarett ** 30 " 

1560, — June — Thomas Streate — Also wither 10 daie. 
1609- — ffeb— Allen Powell and Mary street 26 " 

1560- — nog' — Alice Streete 19 daie 
1615* — Dec — Joane wiffe of nichollaa streett 15 daie 

TOI- XLTL 21* 

260 I\trentage ofBev. NichoUu JSireei. [July, 

Bkidgwatbr Rbgistebs. 1558 to 1646. 
1567.— May the 16— Jone Strete. 

1570 Julj the SO— Susan Streete 

1583.— ^uoe the 22— Jane '' 

1608.— Jan. 29— Nicholas Street 

1607. — May 1 — Edward the sonne of Nicholas Strete ds Marie his wife. 

1614«— June 10— Maria Strete filia Nicholai et Marie Strete 

1615. — Dec 17 — ^kathran Stret the Daughter of John ds Joane. 

1616.— Juni 23— Phillipus Strete filins Nicholai et Marie ox. 

1619.— Febr: 25— Tho: Strete fil: Jo: et Joane vz. 

1625. — Septem: 13 — Joannes Streete filius Joannes et JoannsB. 

1602.— Jan the 16 — Nicholas Streete — Susanna Gilberd. 

« ♦< 17— John Gilberd— Mary Street 
1613. — Nouemb: 18— John Streete ds Jone Blake. 

Burials (isarehad to 1589 anfy). 
1577.— Oct 18— Anne Streete 
1585.— Aug. 29— Jane Streete 

Oybk Stowet Registers. 1558 to 1658. 

1570^ — 23 day of aprill was baptized kathem street the daughter of Hugh 

1572. — 23 daye of December was bapt Jone street and that day was she 

1574. — 23 daye of december was bapt Richard stret . • . ne of Hugh streat 
1580. — 29 of June was bapt Richard streat the sonne of Thomas streat 
1594. — 8 day of November were maryed John Lyde and katherine streat 

daughter of Hugh streat 
1597.— 9 of march was bur Joan Streat the wiffe of Hugh Streate. 
1598. — 13 of October were marryed Heugh Strete and Jone Davye, wyd- 

dow, of Quantoxhed. 
1599.-- 12 daye of September was bapt wyllm strete The sonne of 

Rychard Strete— An"" Dni 1599. 
1600. — 28 daye of november was bapt Rychard Strete the sone of Rychard 

strete— 1600. 
1603. — Diana the daughter of Rychard Street was bapt the third of ffebruar 
1604. — William the sonne of Rychard Street was buryed the xiijth day of 

1610. — Willm : Streat the sonne of Richard Sstreeat (nc) was bapUzed the 

zzvijth. of January. 
1618. — Hughe Streate was buried the zxyijth. of May. 
1633. — Richard sone of Richard Streete was Baptiz : the 15 daye of Jan. 
1634. — John Adas & Diana Streete were maryed the 14th. daye of August 
— Johane daughter of Rychard Strete was Baptiz : the same daye (15 

1637. — Steeven son of Richard Streete ds Johan his wife was Bapt ye 7 

daye of Januarie. 
1638d — ^Maude streete wife of Rycharde streete was bur je 4 day d 


1639« — Steeve sonne of Richard streete <& Jobane bb wife was Burjed tbe 

28 daye of Novrb ; 
164L — ^Anna tbe Daughter of Richard Street was bapt the 27 of December. 
1644- — Maad the Daughter of Richard Streate & Joane hia wife was bapt 

tbe xvjtb eiusd. (June) 
1647. — Richard thesonne of Richard Streate & Joane bis wife was baptized 

tbe xiijih. day of Jtitie. 
1649. — Richard tbe soune of Richard Streate was buried tbe 8tb of Jane 
1651. — Richard stret was buried the vj of february. 

Wilton RcaiSTERa. 1558 to 1650, 

1611* — 4 Jan. Robert Streat& Johane Bolt married. 
1614* — 4 July, Thomas Stone & Grace Street ** 
1615, — 20 July. Jobaniia dau. of Robert Streat bapt. 
1616,-11 Sept. Frances ** " ** 

1626. — 10 Dec. Eieoor ** « " 

1627. — 18 JuDe. " '• *' buried. 

1640, — Thomas Clogg & Frances Streete married 17 Feb« 
The above from ^pencer*s Wilton Rtgi.^puk 1890. 

Calendar of the Coubt Rolls op Taunton Deane Manor* 

1450 TO 1666, 

The following brief extmcts, by no ineHne exImustiTe, were the fralt of a few dnys 
borried cxftinination of n vast ma*»or<melent docnments, the proper inveatigjitioD of which 
wot]1(J hiivf denifttidcci nionibirf if not years, of siady . Tlie Manor of Taunton Deenc Is on« 
of tbe oldest in Knglnnd, dating from ilie time of KinR Alfred, but previoni^ to tbe reign of 
Edwvd VI. on if a f^w fmgnientary rolU exkt \ after Iliac period the exic^iiTig Register 
Books ore nenrly complete btit in a E&d itate of disorder and deray. The wTitcr's moflt 
cordial thanks are due to Mr. Mayler, tbe pret^nt steward of the Manor, for perm Us ion to 
f^cly examine these important record*, and also to Mr. Bidgood, tbe lll>rariaii of Tanntoii 
Cattle, in whose cbar^ tbey are, and to Mr. A. J. Monday of Taunton, for fiidiitiei; fibowm 
aad assistance rendered in the task. It wili be obscrYcd that tbe Calendars and tbe ex- 
tracts from tbe Registers do not aiwayt agree. 

1480.— Hol way 
1573.— Oterford 
1579-— FouDdsford 
1582.— « 
1584-— ** 
1593. — Staplegrove 

1594. — Poutjdisford 


, it 

— Staplegrore 

leoi,— Hull 

— PouDdiaford 
160e.— Hull 

— Pouodbford 


Walt^ Strete 
JoEies Strete 
Jerardus Streete 
George Streate 
M arm ad us Streate 
Marmadticua Streate 
Kicbus Strete geo. 
'« lie, 
Jerard Strete 
wittiia Strete 
Jerard ** 
Nichua '* lie. 

^' *•*' Jnr. gea. et SuaaDnft ux. 
wilt us Strete p. iur. 

Nichus Stret Jnr. gen. 

Ricus Strete (2) 

Blargareta relic Jerard Strete g. Jrn. 

Rob I us Strete p. lie 

WiHua Streete 

wiltus ** 

** « die. ex. 

262 Parentage o/Bev. Jfickolae Sireei. [July, 

— Staplegrove Maria relict Riohi Streele 

1612. — Poundisford wittas Streat p. lie excamb. 

— Staplegrove Nicfaas Streate gen. 

1613. — Poundisford Wiltas Streat p. lie ezoam. 

1617. — Staplegrove Nichos Streete gea. 

1618.— " Maria " vid. 

1619.— Poandisford william Streete p. lie dimitt 

1627. — '* wittas streete p. lie 

1629. — Holway Nichus Streete 

— Poandisford Richus *' p. Corr. 

1638. — '' Georgius Street 

1663.— << wittas Streete ii 

Canon Stbbst Calendar. 1563 to 1667. 

The Manor of Caoon Street represents a small manor that, at a oomparatiTely recent 
date, t.e. in the time of Elisabeth, was cat off fh>m the origiaal nanor. It lies dose to, 
and in fact now partiallj in, the dtj of Taunton. 

1612.— Robtus Streete 
1616. — Marraria Streete yid. 

— Rotttus " 

1647. — Georgius Streete p. lise 

Extracts froh the Court Rolls of Taunton Deake. 

1568. — John Strete holds one cottage with cartilage & 5 acres of overland 
with a flonr mill which lately was a fuller's mill, in the tything of 
Otterford, by surrender of Thomas Sellwood for £20, paid 1 
Feb. 1568. 

1575. — George Strete holds one house & half a yirgate of bond land late of 
Thomas Rooke in tything of Blackdon & Hundred of Poandis- 
ford, by surrender of John Rooke 

1578. — Jerard Strete holds a garden containing in Southern part a cottage, 
of George Strete in the Tything of Blackdon & one room over 
the hall in same {ei 1 Cam^ sup Aulam ibm) by surrender of 
the said George to him & his heirs, viz a cottage with curtilage 
formerly of Richard Bulbe, to be held on condition that Johana 
his mother, wife of said George, shall hold the said premises 
during her life if she survive the said George. 

1581. — Marmaduke Stret holds one acre of overland called oxenfelde in 
the Tything of blackdon by surrender of Hugh Maraore 

1583. — John Strete surrenders lands called ffoxenhole in tything of Otter- 
ford to use of Susan Sellwood to hold all cottage & mill of said 
John on condition that Johanna, the wife of said John, shall hold 
the same for her life if she survive him. Dat. 18 Jan A® Roe 
Eliz. 24. 

1596. — George Streett surrenders in the Lord's hands one house & half a 
virgate of land late of John Rooke in the Tything of Blackdon 
to the use of William Street, his heirs &c, dat xvj Oct. 1596. 

1602.— William Strete, by consent of the Seneschall, surrenders in the 
Lord's hands one furlong of bond land & a house & half a virgate 
of land in Tything of blackdon &c, called Beryhayes & odier Ids 
called momsmede, to use of £d?rard Clarke his heirs & aaaigns. 
Dat. 2 Sept xliiij £li2. 


Parentage of Rev, N'icholas Street* 


602- — William Strete holds by InrollmeDt {p. Jrrottdare) of which the 
^ said William graoU <& coD^rros to Ellieoor his wife one house 

H aod 01)6 furlong of land in Tjthing of Blakedoti for life of the 

H said Elinor if she survive the said William. Dat 22 Feb xliiij 

W Eliz. 

605. — Jerard Streett surrenders in bands of the Lord one Cottage &c in 
tytbing of Blackdon^ kte of George Stret, to the use of his son 
^^ Richard Streett & his heirs on the condtliou that Margaret, wife 

^^^- of the said Jerard Street, should hold said premises during her 
^^^fe widowhood^ except one room over the hall in said cottage, which 
^^^^ id for use of Robert Streett, son of said Jerard, until said son 
K^ Richard is 21 years of age. 

Wb^0 — Mary, widow of Nicholas Strete, gent*, holds one cottage & garden 
^& <& 3 acres 3 rods of overland called Battistaiid, 3 acres called 

^B Langford Hedge, 2 acres overland near (apud) Greneway Btjttes, 

H one acre overland called Whitestone, all in tjthing of Staple- 

^M grove, late of Edmund llodie, genL, which fell into the hands of 

^g the Lord by death of said Nicliolaa Strete. 

Wills from Probate Court op Archdeacon of Taunton, 

1583, — Johane Streate of Staplefitzpane, co »Somst., Widoe, sicke in body 

I Dat vj June 1565; Bur at Staple; bequests to Cath. of Wells & 

psh churches of Staple & Thurlbare; names sonne George Streat 
& his wife; Bonnes John «& Thomas Streat; sonite marmaduke 
& his dan Philepe; xpofer hawkiDS & his wief ; John Pratt & 
Mary his wiefj dau Elizabeth Rooke; either of ray Cliildes Chil- 
dren ; Johane Borlige ; John welandes* dau that is in my house 
Thorns: Streate of Brothel hill; Wm. Hake; Simon Homewell 
either of my daua.; Elizabeth Streate, dau of my sonne Thorns. 
Streate, thai is in the house with me; Jone Wei and; Elizabeth 
wief of Thoma. Streate; olde Richard Streate; Thoms., sonne of 
my sonn George Streate Res Leg<Sb Eir. ; Wit* Mathew Mullens, 
John Harris, Tristram Hindter, Curate; Pro iij Aug. 1583; Inv, 
Ijcxxxvj li. xix s. viij d. ; Reg« fo 143. 

f. — Thomas Streat of Elworthy, co Somst., Husbandman, sicke of 
body; Dat. vj March 1583; Buried in Elworthy; Godson 
Thomas Yen; James & John Hill, sotmes of Thomas Hille of 
wivilscomb; John ToWill; neighbor willyam knighte; Edward 
sonne of Roger Collard ; Mary Hill dau, of Thomas Hill; ser- 
vant Jbane; wief katheren Res Leg & Extrix; Overseers 
Thomas Hill & William Knight; Wit. Robt. Browne, gson, 
Wm. Knight; Pro, x Apr* 1584; liiv. ixxvj li, vj s. viij d* 

Reg. fo. 151. 
1^6. — Johane Streatt of Eiford in Dioc of Bath & Wells, sicke in bodie ; 

(Dat xiiij Oct. 1586; kinswoman Johao Fearse; Roger Aishe; 
Nicholas Geens; Johan Lnckewell; Johaii Luckes, my dau.-b- 
law, & her sonne John; sonne-in-lawe Henry Ijuckes; dau, 
Johan; dau,-in-law Elizabeth Streate; sonne-in-law Thomas 
Streate Res Leg & Exr. ; Overseers friends in xpt Richard Hill 
& George Fearse ; Wit. John midlake, Clarke, S^ Geo. Fearse ; 
Pro. 1586 (no date.) Reg. fo. 299. 

2, — Richard Strete of Stogumber, clothier; Dat x Sept, 1591; sonne 
miehaell the younger & his dau EHzabeth ; George sonne of my 

#f &r. jrsoUip ShmM. [Jd|r, 

KOd^—TV^M Scnecse of Sciyfie. Iinfiaij File 4 

"jTiir ■■/■mirfiiy ) 
1«S^— TVwM Scncf of Elvonkj. Iiubmij £3fl0 FOe 4 

lft)l9^— EL»x^ Scrccte of CMKipa^ WSL File bo 84 

/^Lm^ « /reo&iyL) 

lftl^^lI>n»>iiakeScmeofF«^krfS<M«iyi;(13yfcjiit ii#mg— cA 

f;; ynei^iitf MMe lutiifc Screie ; wief Joah to 

of ooe NirfcoiM BSSm iar her Mt rcMs of IQl 4e, le- 
Ba£»ier to jr. ooa. Jotpfc rtreee fiir kb fife ( jf omt Jokn Screta 
•oon of George tfreie lo kioige dkall liippf tt> Ine) ; wicf leeie 
of BroAiidoeeik tcaaa called IGlMcebvsea; dmo. Eliabetk 
XX IL ar marr. ik a jear after x li ; das .^Tiienaf x fi a jere for 3 
rn ; dan llarie tke'iaae; tooae Jooepk to be kept ai aoole till 
xrj ; goddaat Joaae Wjatt, Joae Hare 4t EXjnor drake xij d 
e^rh; wif Joaa strcele Res Leg dk Extrx; Omaeo* Thomai 
Drake dk Hwigke kewar; Wit. TVoa Drake, Hw%lie kewoer; 
John Bowker; Pro. 2 Ai^. 1611. Filed. 

161S^_Joliii Streete of Staplefitzpaine. WilL FUe bo 43 

{So in CaiemJar, h^ wiU UmI from JOu.) 

16ia.— Hugo Streate of Orentowej. WiiL File bo 4S 

(IjmL, (U preeedimg.) 

1620^ — Joaoe Streate of Orentowej, widow; NuBeapatiTe will; Dat3 
fTeb 1620; Richard Streat ien:TJ i.; RidiardStreat Jan: ilj s.; 
John washer iiij i.; Joan washer dan. of aCid John washer pewter 
Saossor; dan. Alee Hodges Res L^; Wit. John SelUcke, Elis. 
Rajoold ds Honor Ollioer; Admon. with will annext. 9 ffeb 
1620 to dan Alice Hodges ; Inr. xxij li x s. Filed 

1625.— llargarete Sireete of Chedzoj. Will File no. 162 

(So in Calendar, bui wiU lo$i from JUet.) 

1632. — Nicholas Street of Staplefitzpaine, co. Somst., jeoman ; weake of 
bodie; Dat 13 Apr. 1632; poor of Staplefitzpaine 1 s.; enerj 
grcbild 6 d. ; sonoe George Streete a chajre, brasen Caoldron 
db a paire of Virginalls ; dan Christable Street a bedstead dec, & 
to sd son db dan sondrj articles now in cnstodj of Henerj God- 
dard the joonger; dan ffirancis a brass crocke; dans Alice & 
Joane each a pewter platter ; grchild Abraham Street, son of mj 
Sonne Abraham, Res Leg dc Exr.; Overseers John Addams 
of Spexton, co SomsL, fuller otherwise Tucker, ds Eldmund 
Canicott of Staplefitzpaine, husbandman ; WiL Robert Godwine, 
pson, Edmund Canjcott his mark, Henrj Goddard Junior. ; No 
date of probate. Filed. 

1635. — Michael Streat of Eastquantoxhead. Will. File no 64 

{So in Calendar, hut wiU lo9t from fUet.) 

1638. — Elizabeth Scadding of Angersleigh, widow, aged & weake; Dat 20 
Jul J 1638; Sonne John Scadding; dau Mary Scaddhig; dan 


Parentage of Rev, Nicholas Street* 


Eletiour Rapbee ; dau Elizabeth j sonne-m-law Jobn Rapbee's 2 
children Elizabeth & Mary; John Combe. Agues liis wife & 
Anne Snooks; goddaua Elizabeth Street, fllizabelh Norton & 
Anne Pastor; dau Elizabetb Rea Leg & Extri; WiL Willm 
Foxcroft, John Rapbee & Agnes Combe; Pro xiiij Sept 1G38 
hj Ex. File no 97 

S8. — Joan Bowber of BucklaTid St. Marys, co Somst, widow; {Datt 
gone and will much decayed) To be bur. . . . . . my dear busb 

^, . .; Sonne Robert's 3 children . . , ; poor of Buckknd Sl 
Mary's . . ; John Streete the yong . . £10 & 2 Oxen, ye Cub- 
board in kytchen & brazen Crock w*'' a peece in ye side; william 
Bowber £10 & doust bed wttb ye furniture theare vnto & ye 
little Chest at beds foote in parlour; servant Mary Stronge 
feather bed &c & brazen crock called Perram ; Fraunces Bow- 
ber my Sonne bis dau. £10, a chest. 2 stool e» & a Coffer; Mary 
Broadbeene <& her bro. Robert Ryr^ge each 408, ; Dorothy Rynge 
40 s.; Grace Gullack £6; John Streete ye elder 20a,; Agnes 
Streete 408.; Robert Streete, Peter Streete & Luce Streete each 
SOs.; Edeth {qu, if mi Streete also?) 40s.; servant Hugh Wil- 
liams xs. ; Sonne Robert Bowber Res Leg & Eir. ; Overseers 
John Gollopp iSc Alex. Robins & each xij d.; Signs by mark; 
Wit sign of John Gollupp, Alex Robins, the marke of John 
Streete ; FrokUe Act losL Filed, 

WiLi^s OF Somerset Stbeets from the Prerogative Court of 
Canterbury. 1500 to 1630. 

I — John Strete, Clerk, Vicar of Charde; Dated 10 Sept. 1508; To be 
buried in church of blessed Mary at Charde; Cathedral of Wells 
iij s. iiij d. ; St. Mary of Charde x H. for a yerely obiit to remain 
in hands of Robert Pittis als Chepman ; said Robt Pettis xl b. ; 
Thomas Splent & John Cole each ix s. ; John may x s. ; william 
Pympeilj clerk, ** my yerdes de musterdeviles'*; Thomas Elyar 
a black gown ; Thomas Gybbis, my servant^ xl s,, all my clothing, 
♦* vna patellara ac vni lectum in quo dictus Thomas noctanl caret 
cum omifes ad eiusdm lectum Pfnen/' also a celar & a tester 
**paynted vltra lectum men p pan pendent"; John Tajlor xx s. ; 
blessed St. Catherine mea optima patellam; Richard Yong a 
violet gown: William Selwode Sen. vnm togam race n noc tan t 
sup lectum mcO; Thomas Coly vrcm (?) ; Agnes bainlo & peller* 
ton each xx s. ; every godchild vj s, viij d. ; John Taylor, clerk, 
Ticar of Jlmyster a crplium de argeiito cum cooptone in parte 
deaurate; John Hayden of Axmiiister vj a. viij d, ; John May a 
long violet gown; Sir Amisco Powlet, knt., Res. Leg. <fc Execu- 
tor; Witnesses John ffichet, clerk, Willo Pympell, clerk, John 
may with oth. ; Pro. 3 Nov. 1508 by Thos Ostach, Atty for 
Amisio Powlet, knt, Exr named in will. Bennett 7 

1528. Thomas Strete of parish of Mel Is'* in Diocese of Bath & Wells, 

Clothyer; Dated vj marche 152- (blank) ; BuriL'd in Chnrcb of 
MeJls; Wells Cathedral iij s, iiij d. ; Church of Mel Is a pair of 
▼estments of blak velwet with white corses rv^iug owt of the 
grftTe, with a Cbalya, & an honest prest to pray a yere for my 

• Molli ii MAT Frome Jn tbe eAstem pari of the wud^. 

9^ Jfer. JFSeklBv Arvef. [Jmjf 

>4k«nxpfwHei; Cfciifi iWu— j qf WyAa xb>; Ckurdi 
of WcHerkj ^ s. vv| d.; Mnae Joba tt» boifc in the purloar 
«* fforvTs 4k Trottlli. the bocde n tfe HaB witk wamt. mil Ibe 
buoBs lb Evefs fCaa&ig vpoo the CfcjSKT m the Umll, with 
the barrri of Jroo. Poshes & haa^i^i. a gnte Paane in tbe 
ChTmneTf the woode Tut w* the ffoniji with two great stoop 
ftacding in the wall & ii great Awn^rcm. mj white ttiiMJing 
Cnp w* a Cooer. mj great maser. a grnt Coffer ooer the Hall 4k 
BIT best gowne & Coweriett after the widowhood of mj wife, & 
BIT old Reek^; sonacs John & Bobert best iHMQrn of Sp(»ji; 
Sonne Robert mj ferther ewie of mj wodewjwe Ik sonne John 
the next parte of wodwjne enioTnjng Tnto Bobert ; aonne Bobert 
gilt Cop with a Cooer. xx li steriing, ij newe croks, letherbed Ik 
^maner of stnffe belongeth therto. mj aeeood gowne dc Chamlet 
DoUet ds mj new Bieek ; daughter Chrisdan mj Nntte w^ a 
Cooer ds ij SpoBjs w* ilacte ends; soones Thorns dc Edward 
thirtj ponnds sterling, ^ that parte that dreth within mariaboU 
age shall remajn to hjm IjTing. jf both departe remainder to a 
prest to praj for soolca of their Cither ^ Mother lb all their 
children in Mells Chnrch "; William Strete a Trinckert cloth; 
William ffisher TJ s. Tiij d.; Sir Wm. Edmonds x a.; John Hard- 
WTck, clerk, xij d. ; Agnes Strete ** mj red paire of beds wch 
was a mest Christian beds " ; sonne John & wief Margaret Res 
Legs & £xrs ; Wit. sir SteTjn Edmonds, Carat, John PeiTy 
Henry Plesande, Willim Hooper; Pro. 3 Apr. 1528 bj BitL 
ffelde, Attj for Exrt. Porch 29 

15a3«-.Robert Strete of Mdls in Diocese of Bathe Ik Wells; Dated 1536; 
Baried in Mells Church ; To eoery awter there xij d. ; the bells 
& high Crosse light each same; brot Edward & John each a 
Tmcher cloth ; enerj godchild iiij d. ; eoerj oon of mj brothers 
children xij d. ; Choreas of Lje, Whatley, Hemyngton & Back- 
lond, each xij d. ; building of Einis Chnrch howsel xij d. ; serrants 
xij d. apeece; Rose xij d. ; John Prygg a Hewliog Hose Cloth; 
Alexander Pery fryse Cote; John Lane a Hewling Hose cloth; 
wife of John Strete xx d. ; my gooaUy father xij d. ; Thomas 
Evans iiij d.; sonne Thorns xx li; wief Edithe Res Leg & 
Extrx; mother a gowne of TJ s. Tiij d. a yard; Richard Stapull 
& Stevyn Cobell each a Rasset Hose cloth ; mother Church of 
Wells viij d. ; Wit. John Stret, John Prigg, Alisaunder Pery, 
John Lane, Richard SUpnuU; Pro. 18 May 1538 by Extrx. 

Din^eley 16 

1610. — Nicholas Streete thelder, gent., (no locaUty given in wiU^lna entered 
in Pro. Act Book as "" late of Bridgwater, in co. Somst ** ;) Dated 

5 Not. 1606 ; sonne Nicholas sole legatee ds Exr, but wyfe Marie 
to haue use & occupation of the moytie of all goods &c for life 
in common with said sonne, but no power to sell, & sonne 
Thomas £5 yearlie untill Coppie holde att Stogumber, Bicknaller 

6 Bawdripp which are bought Tnto him shall one of them fall to 
him in possession, so he leive from & doe not moleate or trouble 

• Haj Rick. 

t Trencher cloth, see following will. 

t See Weaver's WelU Wills, fo. 62, for ftill description of old Chnrch Houses and their 


ITotes and Queries. 


bis m other and said Nicholns hia brother* yf he doe this L^gacio 
to be voyde; Wit, Edmund Hodie, Ni:ho r Bartlett & Alexander 
Lantrowe; ** I haue with my owiie haode cht,unged the some of 
Tenne into fine pounds for his abuse donue sithence the first 
writing ot my aaide will & I doe affirm this to be mj will as ^o 
altered yt now standeth " (Signed N. Streete); Pro, 3 May 
1610 hj Exr. named in will. Wingfield 45 

1617, — Nichola« Streate of Bridgwater, gent-; Dated I Nov. ItilG; To 
eldest sotine Nichulas antient estate in Rowbarton near Taunton 
& lease of Hunt^pill ; second sonne Edward part of manor of 
Ash Priors, iSomst, third sontie John is already provided for; 
fourth sonne Matthew ; other sonnes William, Francis* Si Phillip 
£100 each; wife Mary Extrx ; friend Mr. Georgo Hooper of 
Dunster, Overseer; Fro. 13 Feb. 1616-7» by Extrx- 

Weldon ID 

1017.^ — Edward Streate & Pbillipp Streate, intestate. The 13 Feb. 
1616—7 Coinmission issued to Mary Streate, mother of Edward 
& Phillipp Streate, lat^ of Bridgwater, co Somst., but deceased 
intestate, to administer &c. A dm. Act Book, fo, 105. 

1625. — Mary Street of Bridgwater, eo. Somst., widdowe, of good health; 
Dated 1 6 July 1 625, 1 Chas. ; My Executor, with goods of my 
late husband Nicholas Street deceased, to pay debts & perform 
legacies in said husband's will & residue to Edward Pop ham of 
HuQlworth, CO Somst.» Esq cS& William Douthwaite of Bridgwater 
alsdf gent, in trust tousse of my children & they Executors; If 
Alexander Thomas bee not payd 100 <& odd pounds wch I owe 
liim by enioying the house in Bridgwater which I haue made to 
turn for security, then Exra to sell lease of Ashpriert or aoj 
other leases toward payment of that debt; Wit. Henry Good, 
Godfrey Cade, Marten Saunders, John Elton & Samm: Stonard; 
Pro. 6 Feb. 1625 by Wm. Douthwaite, one of Exra., power re- 
eerved for Edward Pop ham, the other Executor. Hele 20 



LOKO JrotOAL Terms.— William W, Wiffht, A.M,, of Milwaukee, Wis., lias 
Itteo an article on this subject. It was printed in the Mihmukee SenUnd, Dec. 
1, 1891, the day when the Hon. Orsamtis Cole, chief justice of the Supreme Court 
of Wisconsin, retired from tlie bench after an uninterrupted service of over 
thirty -six years, during ekren jears of which he was chief Justice. Mr. Wight 
glres a sketch of the life of chief justice Cole. He appends a table showing, 
■a be thinks, ** the names of all the judges in all of the Mgheat oonrtB of all the 
Kiatea and in the Supreme Court of the United Station, whose terma of con- 
tinaons service upon the same bench have e(|nalled or exceeded thirty years," 
mia valuable table Is reprinted on the following page. 

* Perhapft the Fmnci* Street of Tftiinton, Mass., cire. 1640, with wife Alice or EHzabetli 
and daughter Mary ; who dJed 166^» inventory 3 Jwwe of that year, and whose wtdow 
Ellzabetb married 10 Dec. 166dp to Thorn as LIdcoIq.— Sata^ob* IV. 222. 
yOL. XL VI, 22 


Nbtea and Querit*. 


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ac ^ - "-^ fcj, '^ ^ ^ -^ «; -^ ae J 
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NoUa and Queries, 




lUnoNABY LiHTER OF CoL, Samuel DicNirr. ( Communicated by John 
€. Crane, Esq., of Millbury, Masa.j.—Th^ original of the foUowlng letter Is io 
my podseifslon. 

Tbe Widow Stearns referred to, at that time kept the King's Arms Tavern, the 
•pot being DOW covered by tbe Lincoln House, 

She was the dan^hter of Judge JetilriHon, and married Thomas Stearns, once 
of Watertown. He was quite prominent in town affairs* at Worcester, aa 
appears on the records. The old Klng^'^ Arra» is said to have often been a 
meeting place for the torlesp and we are tohl that the protest of the Worcester 
followers of CoL Thomas Gilbert, the Loyalist, was here signed. 

" Leicester May 2, 1778* 
Maj. Baldwin. ^I herewith send you the resolve of the General Court, respect- 
ing filling up the Conttnetital army. You will comply with said resolve so far 
as it respects yonr town, without the least loss of time. 

You are directed to cause the Soutli Company in Spencer, to he mustered* and 
cuUst or draft their proportion of the number set against the town of Spencer, 
agreeable to said resolution. Yon will call on the Selectmen and Committee 
to aaaist if need. You are likewise deslr«d to meet me at Worcester, on 
Wednesday next, at 12 o'clock, at the Widow Stearns, agreeable to the Brigadier's 
ofxiers. I am Sir, your fery bumble Servant, 

Samuel Denny, Col.** 

PxASUm.—Hev. Baniel Lancaster's History of Gilmanton, N. H., page 282, says 
that CoL Nathaniel Peaslee, son of Dr. Joseph Pea^slee of Haverhill, Mass., was 
ffttber of Amos Peaslee who settled in Dover, N. H. This is an error. Amos 
Feaslee of Dover, N. H, wa** son of Robert of naverlilll, and nephew of CoL 
KathanleL CoL Nathaniel had a son, Amos, but he was not our Dover citizen. 
Araos* Peaslee (Robert.* Joseph,' Joseph*), b. 8 Oct. 1708; m* (1) Elizabeth 
San^ent of Haverhill, Mass., and the births of seven of his children are on the 
HaverhiU records. He then removed to Dover, N. H.» and m. (2) Elizabeth the 
widow of Nicholas Austin of Dover, on July i*» 1760* He d. June 28, 1787, and 
bis son Nicholas ancceeded him as the owner of the homestead. 

Doner, K. H, John B. Ham, M.D. 


Thk Aldkk Family.— John Alden, the Pilgrim, was bom In England In 1699, 
'•Hd died at DuxbnrVt 12th September. 1687. He married before June, 1621, 
probably in May, Prlscllla Mullines — daughter of William MulUnes and Alice 
( ?) his wife. Mr. William W. Wiirlit of MUwankee sayn in his sketch, 

** Coartship of Miles Standlsh," that they were from Dorking. Surrey, Ei^land; 
and two children were left lit England, and two were broni^ht here. Wl' know 
PrUcilla and Joseph came with their parentn, and that Jos{*ph died the first 
year. In Henry F. Waters's Genealogical Gleanings in England, we find that 
Mr. William Mullines spoke of one son only In England, giving him certain 
property, and more *'if he came to America.'* Then we find in Plyiiiouth a 
Wm. Mullins " able to bear arras In 1G43." Is this not the son, and does any 
one know anything further of him—whether be left a family, ic? A Moses 
Mullin wrote a short poem on the Stamliah-Alden episode — quoted i>y Mr. 
Wight— In 1762. Mr, Wight and Mrs. Jane Austin in her *' Standish of StandiMb '* 
•poAk of the MolUnes as of French extraction. I would like their authority for 

Bradford speaks of John .4ldeii as a *' cooper'' by trade; not a member of the 
congregation at Ley den, and persuaded to come to this country " being a hop- 
f n1 )ong man was much desired, but Left to his own llklug to go or stay, when 
he came here.'* 

Bradford also says at a certain date (and I would like this date), John aud 
PrlsciiU had eleven'chlldren living. We know that he had :— 

1. John, born before March, 1622. 

2* Elizabeth, born before May, 1G25. 

i>. Jo^ph, bom 1624, 

270 NoUm and Queries. [Jvlj, 

In a grant of land to John Alden, two children, John and Elizabeth, are 
spoken of, bnt as Joseph (Alden Memorial) died Feb. 2, 1687, aged 73, It woold 
look as if he was bom in 1624. Can any one settle this question? 

4. Darid, bom in 1626 ; died in 1719, aged 93. 

5. Sarah, bora when? married Alexander Standiah when? and wheire? tmi 
when did she die? She died before 1688. 

6. Rnth, bom when? married in 1657 John Bass, and died before 1688. I 
would like the exact date. 

7. Jonathan ; when was he bora or how old was he when he died? 

8. Mary, married before 1677, died between 1688 and 1699. She was alire 
at the settlement of her father's estate in 1688. When did she die, and when 
was she bora, and when was she married, and did she ha^e children? She 
married Thomas Dillano. 

9. Rebecca is mentioned in Colonial Records as of marriageable age in 1661, 
and was undoubtedly one of these eleveu children, though dead in 1688. 

10. Is it Zachariah? Alden Memorial says an Anna Alden married Josiah 
Snell, Dec. 2, 1699, and quotes Mitchell as saying " daughter of Zachariah." 
He does not seem to me to be Zachariah, son of Capt. John,* and I hate 
thought he was a brother of Capt. John' Alden. Where did Anna AXd&a. nany 
Josiah SneU? 

11. A Priscilla married Samuel Cheesebrook in 1699. Where? Was this the 
eleventh child or was it PrisciUa (MulUns) Alden? 

John Alden was the '* last male surviyor of those who came in the Mar 
Flower and signed the compact in her cabin in 1620.** (Alden MemoriaLl 
Does this mean the last male signer, or the last male of the Mayflower? Did 
Priscilla (Mullins) Alden outlive her husband, and when did she die? 

John Alden distributed his estate amongst his children before his death, ne 
homestead went to Jonathan, the youngest son, with whom he lived at the time 
of his death, and the heirs signed a settlement acknowledging that they had 
received their due. I wish now to call the especial cUterUion of ffenedlogieU to a 
puzzle. Who Is Mary, in the signers given below? 

John Alden (seal) David Alden (seal) Wm. Paybody (set!) 

Joseph Alden (seal) Priscilla Alden (seal) 

Alexander Standlsh (seal) In the right of my wife Sarahs deceased. 

John Bass (seal) In the right of my wife Ruth, deceased. 

Mary Alden (seal) Thomas DUlano (seal) 

Dated 13 day of June, 1688. 

We see that Wm. Pabodie and Thomas Dillano have wives living, Elizabeth 
and Mary, and their names are not mentioned, while Alexander Standiah and 
John Bass speak of their wives by name. 

Now Mary (Alden) Dillano had been married over ten years, her husband 
signs for her ; now is it probable she would sign again^ and sign her maiden namst 
Is It probable that there were two Marys? Is it not more probable that she \b 
the wife of another son, either dead or absent, perhaps wife of Zachariah? 
Perhaps he was a mariner. I suppose the question could be settled if we could 
find the signature of Thomas Dillano and wife snd compare her signature with 
the one in the settlement. I would be glad of any further particulars In regard 
to any of these children, or any Alden Items not found In Alden Memorial or 
Winsor's History of Duxbury. 

Capt. John* Alden (John^) was able to bear arms in 1643, freeman 1648, a 
"John Alden, Junr.," spoken of In Duxbury in 1668. He married somewhere 
an Elizabeth (who was she?) and had a child Mary, bora (where?) Dec. 17, 1659. 
He married in 1660, Elizabeth (Phillips) Everell, daughter of Wm. Phillips of 
Watertown and Saco. When did the first wife die, and where? I would like to 
know more of his life between 1648 and 1668. Mr. Joseph W. Porter of Bangor, 
Maine, has a great deal of interest about him af tor he came to Boston. I would 
like a full account of his family, more than we find In the Alden Memorial. I 
would like the marriage of Elizabeth Walley, and her husband's name, and her 
family ; also full particulars of her second husband, for Winsor says she msr- 
ried 2d, before Aug. 4, 1704, a WlUard. 

Any information is most thankfully received. Mrs. Chablbs L. Au>kzc. 

Alden CoUage, Little Compton, B. L 


Noiea and Queries. 



Experience Abcll, wife of John Hyde of Norwich. 
£sther Allen, wife of Samuel Thonipgon of New Haven j dted 1776, 
Robert Ashley of Springfield i died 29 Nov. 1C82. 
Haonah Avery, wife of Willmm Sutherland of Ducliesa Co. f died 1720. 
Rev. Stephen* Batchelder, of Lynn; died 1660. 
Debor&b, lib daughter; died 31 Jan. 1692. 
Gov. Jamea Bishops of New Haven. 
Rebecca, hla daughter, died 1734. 
Daniel Brown, of Ipswich. 
Humphrey Brown, of Ipswich; died 1760. 
Content, hU daughter. 

>Ury Clark, wife of Richard Tboma.s ; living 1718, 
Koses rieveland, of Waburn ; died 9 Jan. 1702. 
Daniel Colc8, of Eoxbury ; died 19 Nov. 1692. 
Robert Colea of Roibary, 

Sarah Colc(», wife of tchabod Hopkina of Oyster Bay ; died 1735, 
Isaac Cox, of Talbot Co.. Md. ; 1734. 
Isaac Cox. of Delaware; died 28 Dec. 1773. 
Lydia Croxton, %vlfe of Kenelra Skill higton of Talbot Co* 
Edward DiUingham, died 1G67. 
Heory DilUogham, of Sandwich; 1655. 
Tristram Dodge, of Block Itilaudi 1664. 
Ann. his daughter, died 1723. 
William l)()U«^lati, of New London; 1640. 
Alexander Edwards, of Springfield; 1640. 
Judith Griffin, wife of David SnthtTland of Bangall; 1760. 
Samael Gorton, of Warwick. R. I. ; died 1677. 
UahAla, his daughter. 
TiiDOtby Hanaoti, of Delaware; 1700. 
Leacote, Jihinebeck, N, F. Douolas Mkkritt. 

Mahtba (Vosb) BccKMrasTER.— Robert Vose of Dorchester, in will of 1686, 
mentions daughter Martha, who was a widow Buckmaater (Buckminster) . Hla 
daogbter Elisabeth married Thomas Swift, of Dorchester-Milton. Jiihn Sharpe 
writes in 1676, a few weeks before h\» death In the Sudbury fight, to Thomas 
Meekins of Braintree-Hatfjeld, his guardian after the death of Robert Sharpe 
and the marriage of the widow to Nicholas Clap: '* My mother Vose is ded 
(sic) and my sister Swift," showing that Martha, wife of John Sharpe, waa 
Martha Vose, above mentioned. What Buckminster did she marry? Savage 
gives a James of the name as an original proprietor at Sudbnry In 1640, and 
that is the sole mention of the man. The others of the name were Thomas, son 
of John of Feterboro*, Eng,, and his descendants. His children were Law- 
rence^ wbo left a will in 1645, before sailing for England, and who Is not heard 
of again : Zechariah, who was at Shcrborn in J692 with wife Mary : Thomas, 
who died in 1650, leaving wife and daughter, both named Mary : Joseph, who 
died in 1668 leaving wife ElUabetli and son Joseph, who was the ancestor of all 
of the 11 '^'1**^ 'A lu, trace to Thomas, and Jabez, who was of Muddy River and who 
is foil I H late as the spring of 1685, when he disappears. Joseph, Jr. 

nmrri' ^ daughter of John and Martha (Vose) Sharpe* and was alive at 

the d^AlU mI Robert Vose. This leaves Jabes Buckminster as tlie only one of 
the nnme who could probably have married the widow Sharpe. Information 
regarding Jabez Buckminster, after the date of the will of Robert Vose, would 
disprove this assumption. EDWAim H. Wiluams, Jk. 

PoRTRAFT or CoL. JOSEPH Jacksox — Thc article upon Gen. Henry Jackson, 
in the April number of the Rkoistcii, I have read with much Interest, which 
arises from the fact that In 1879 I made a long but successful search to find a 
portrait of Colonel Joseph Jackson, the fatber of Gen. Henry Jackson. CoL 
Joseph Jackson was Captain of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company 
In 1752. He Joined the Company in 1736 and died 17iK). My only clue to atari 
with was Whitman'9 History of Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company, page 
289, which aays: ** His will disposes of hla portrait to his son Joseph*" Upon 
examination of the will I found Whitman to be correct. 

VOL. XLTL 22* 


Dote* qaut Queri€$. 



The next thing I did was to trace oat the familj of Rer. Joseph Jackson; 
and at last I fonnd the portrait in possession of Atherton T. Brown, Esq., of 
Roxbnry, who very kindly allowed me to take a law photograph of it. Mr. 
Brown believed the portrait to be that of Oen. Henry Jackson, bat I woom 
satisfied him to the contrary. At flrat glance at the portrait I knew it to be by 
Copley , bat to make it more sare I indaced the late Aagostas T. Perkins to 
make an examination, and he at once withoat the slightest hesitancy pronoonoei 
it the work of Copley. 

As Col. Henry Jacluon was bnt 27 yeara of age In 1774, when Copley west 
to Eugland, and as the picture is that of an elderly gentleman, there can be no 
donbt bat that it represents CoL Joseph Jackson, who was bom in 1707. 


OsN. Joseph Jackson. — Information desired of the ancestry of Cten. Joseph 
Jackson, who was buried at Rensselaenrille, Albany Co., N. T., Angast 87, 180l» 
aged about 70. Also the name of his wife, date of marriage, andlier aocestiy. 

28 Vernon St., Hartford, Conn. Mbb. Culra. S. Prihgi. ' 

The Sdcancas Map : eoxE reasons against rrs assioned date ov 1610.— 
Some interest has been manifested of late In regard to a map, of the allegod 
date of 1610, first dragged from Its hiding-place in Spain by Mr. Brown, and 
inserted in bis Genesis of the United States, vol. 1. p. 456. It has been called 
the Slmancas map, by way of description. A reduced facsimile of a portion of 
the map is given below. 

If the date assigned to this map by Mr. Brown could be thoroughly well 
established, then the Interest felt In It, especially by students of New-EngUnd 
history and cartology, would be easily accounted for; yet as the matter standi 
I am led to question Its claims u];>on grounds which sbem to make, to my mind' 
at least, a clear case against it. 


JfQte$ and Queries, 


Mr. Brown's own account of this map— and here for the sake of clearneas I 
shall have to repeat what lias already appeared iu the Hegistkr — is as follows: 
•♦ Map of America— said to have been made in Virginia by a surveyor sent over 
by the King of England for that purpoae, who returned to England about De- 
cember 1610, procured In some secret way by the SpanL^h ambajisarlor in Lon- 
don etc. *^ Genesis i. 457. *' I think the map evidently embodies (beHidet* the 
SQrveys of Champlain and other farei;sfners) the English surveys of White, 
Goaoold, Weymouth, Frlng, Hudson, Argall and Tyndall, and possibly others." 
Ibid, L 458, 

The first objection to this theory, for theory it is and nothing: else, is that 
the map Itaelf bears no date. If I have read Mr, Brown's remarks correctly hts 
theory rests npon the assumption that this is the identical map referred to in 
the Spanish minister's dispatch. To establish this proposition the date would 
be needed lirst of all. Tliere being tJoue, we are led to look at the t:vidence 
borne on the face of the map itself. 

Whether, as regards the New-Eti;;jland coast, this map embodies the survey* 
ol Gosnold, Weymouth or PHug, I have no means of knowing, never having 
aecn eitier of them or having other evidence to tiie fact beyond the legends 
attached to the coast here and there; hut with regard to Champlain the case ta 
diflenfnt. Here, at least, we have something detlnite, Inasmuch &h that part of 
the map in question, covering the Nova Scotia and Eastern Maine coasts, is 
liberally dotted with Champlain's legends. Two of the latter, Mf' Haute and 
MonU Deserts, Champlain expressly says that he himself conferred. On that 
head there will be, I Ihhik, no dispute. 

But Champlain's map was not cut till the year 1612, or printed till lin3, when 
it flrst appejired in his well-known Votjapea. The question then naturally arises, 
how eoold a map drawn three years before exhibit these names of his?" Either 
the miiker of the Slmancas map must have had access to Cham plain's drawings, 
a pfesamptlon highly Inprobable on Its face, or the date of 1610 is a palpalde 
error- But we are discussing a map without a date or name, hence until its 
identity ia established its authority to settle disputed i^uestions is not admitted. 

If the Simancaa map is certainly not earlier than 1613, it is probably not 
older than Smith's of 1614, and possibly much later than Ms. I should certrvinly 
■Mi^ & later date to it, and for this reason: it is entirely too good for the 
tt&te of discovery at that early period of the seventeenth century — far better 
thmn either Champlain's or Smith's— and therefore argues a deliberate and 
paiDStaklng survey, rather than a hasty one. The trend and shaping of the 
coaat Uoea would do no discredit to a much later time. All the prominent 
fefttures of the Maine coast are, as one can see, laid down with surprising 
leeurftcj' It Is no haphazard sketch. Take for instance the entrance to the 
Kennebec, where even the inside passage from Bath to Boothhay is correctly 
duawn. The draught was probably made more with reference to Old Virginia 
tbftQ New England, and Is therefore no trustworthy evidence to the state of 
(liacovery in 1610, But I will not prolong the discussion, though it would be 
interesting to know the sources from which this map was taken. It will be 
iK>ticed that wddle there are no indications of the Fopham Colony's fort and 
tflttlimii'*"*. Cape Porpus is put down with reasonable correctness. 

Samltki. Adams Drakk. 

Denison (arnl«, p, 127). — ^I am greatly Interested In the autobiography of 
Maj. Gen. Daniel Denison, which appeared in the April number of the HKCtisTBR. 
We have always had a tradition in our brunch of the family (from Capt, George 
brother of Daniel J that we came from Hertfordshire, but from what part we 
knew not. It is very pleasant to have the tradition verified* 

In relation Uj John, of whom you ask further information, I find the following 
in Cussans's History of Hertfordshire, vol. i., p. 1^2. Among the vlcara of 
SUMidon, hundreil of Braughin, six miles from B i sh op- S tort ford, is the name of 
John Denison w^lth date of institution omitted. An asterisk at the name refera 
to a foot-note as follows: ''This vicarage sequestered and Mr. Bodes is per- 
mitteil by the parishioners to preach (Lausdowne MSS. 459, fol. lOD, circs 

The next entry below John Denlson is: *' John Wade 21 Oct 1670, upon death 
of John Deunison.'* 
1 ftod the f oliowiog In relation to Standon in the same work< The church and 


274 Ifotes and Queries. [Julji 

endowments belonged to Knights of St. John of Jenualem until the Reformation. 
In 26th Henry, viii., on the dissolution of religious houses, the vicarage wss 
yalued at £U 13s 4d per annum. *' In 1650 it was set down by the commis- 
sioners appointed by the parliament to enquire into the state of ecclesiastical 
benefices, at £dO per annum, but the living was sequestered and without a 
minister, whereupon one * Master Rhodes, a painfull godly man,* was licensed 
to preach in the church without a fixed salary, but with power to appropriate as 
much of the tythe as he could collect." 

I find In the Astor Library no record of Cambridge graduates earlier than 
1666 ; so I cannot trace him further here. 

I noted in Cussans's history also that Denison is a common name in the records 
of Great Munden, Herts. 

I am sorry that I did not know of this last summer when I was In Hertford- 
shire. Joux D. Champlin, Jil 

326 Went 67th Street, New York City. 

The following is an extract from a letter dated 4 May, 1892, from the Rev. 
J. J. Raven, D.D., canon of Norwich and vicar of Fresslngfleld, Harteston, 
Norfolk, England : — 

** On reading the autobiography of Major General Daniel Denison in the April 
Bwnber of the Rboister, I communicated with the Registrary of Cambridge 
University, with this result : 

** John Denison. Queen's, A.B. 1628, A.M. 1627. 

** Daniel Denison, Emmanuel, A.B. 1629. 

** From the Rev. William Magan Campion, D.D., President of Queen's Col- 
lege, I learn this morning that * John Denison was admitted a pensioner of 
Queen's College on the 80th March, 1620, Mr. Bolton being his tutor. I cannot 
find anything else about him.' 

**I will pursue the Investigation with the courts of Hertford, as I liave 

May 9 Canon Raven sends us the following extract from the Register of Bm- 
manuel College : 

** Daniel Dennison, Admitted April 8, 1626, Pensioner, A.B. 1629." 

'* This brings Daniel Denison," he remarks, '* into touch with John Harvard and 
William Sancrof t the elder (uncle of the Archbishop) , who became Master of 
Emmanuel in 1628." 

Bible Family Records (Ante, vol. 44, p. 400; vol. 46, p. 180).— Gen. William 
8. Stryker, of Trenton, N. J., writes. — ** I have examined the copy of the Col- 
lins Bible wliich I have. It is the edition published In Trenton in 1791 and it 
does contain three blank leaves between the old and new testament, evidently 
intended for family record. The copy of the Bible I have contains the family 
record carefully written out on these leaves." 

I have recently examined the family Bible of Exeklel French, of Sandwich, 
N. H. This Bible was published by Isaac Collins, Trenton, N. J., 1791, and has 
provision for the Family record as described by General Stryker. This Bible 
is now owned by Charles H. White, Surgeon U. S. Navy. Dr. White is a 
grandson of E. French. A. A. Folsom. 

Boston, Mass. 

The agitation of the question of the earliest publication in America of a 
family Bible including the records, has induced me to examine an heir-loom in my 
possession, which I And was published by Matthew Carey on November 7, 1808. 
Carey was an Irishman who became involved in the troubles of that country at 
the close of the last century, and escaping to Philadelphia established there the 
respectable publishing house subsequently continued by his son and son-in-law 
under the name of Carey & Lea. Matthew Carey always claimed that he was 
the first American publisher of a family Bible of the kind, and stated he kept it 
set up in type to be printed from time to time to meet the demand. Hence the 
different dates on the title page. 

An inscription on my copy states it was •* bought of Hezeklah Niles, printer 
and stationer, Wilmington, Delaware. Price 7 dollars." Niles soon after re- 
moved to Baltimore and later began the publication of his celebrated *' Weekly 
Register " so essential to a historian of the period from the close of Jefferson's 
administration down to the election of Harrison in 1840. W. Whitelogx. 

Baltimore, Md, 


Notes and Queries, 



RKGrsTWR OF 8t. Botolph, BisnapectATR, Lqnpon, EifOLAim. — Tbe Hes^ster 
of thui parish* edite<1 by the Rev. A. W, Cornelius Hallen, of Alloat Scotland, 
are bow In the conri*e of publication In parti*. The printed work will include 
bAptisms, marriagei* antl deaths from 1568 to 1753, and will make when com- 
pleted three royal octavo volumes, the subscription price for the three volumes 
beiog £i, 0. 0. Subacriptiona shonld be sent to Mr. T. W. Hills. Rectory Hause, 
Devonshire Square, Bi?ihopgate, London> E, Two volumes have already been 
lasaed and a part of vol. 3. Fart 19 will he is&ued before this announcement is 
seen by onr readers, and No. 20 will follow shortly. The Rev. Mr. llallen, the 
editor, has issued tlu; following circular : 

** I take this opportunity of laying before you the position In which the Rev. 
Wm. Hoicera, the Rector of St. Botolph, tlnds himself, lie made himself 
Tesponsibte for the printing of the Transcripts of the Reuisten*. believing that 
mftay of the parishioners would wi«^h to possess such Interestiug Records, and 
ihmi men of letters wotild show their appreciation of the great value of the work 
by purchasing It. In both these expectations he has been somewhat disap- 
pointed; very few copies have been contributed for in the parish, and the 
general public have not heartily supported a scheme which would have gradu- 
allj provided a complete set of Transt-ripts of the Regtiiters of such London 
Pftrisbes as have not already been printed. 

** I, as Editor and Transcriber, venture to make an ukocnt appeal to you to 
place the matter before your friends, with a view to obtaining additional sub- 

THK Rbctob against LOSS, I would most earnestly urge every one who receives 
this letter to do his best. 

** I am continually receiving most gratifying testimony of the value of these 
Registers, and eipressions of hope that they will be followed by those of St. 
FaaVfl Cathedral and others. But unless men of letters, having the inclination 
■ad power to spend money on such books, give practical support by subscribing 
In additional numbers, I must give up all idea of continuing to transcribe and 

£ London Parish Registers, and some means must be devised by which the 
r will be saved from heavy loss, 
trust that this appeal wSllbe responde<l to without delay, and that I shall be 
o issue, with the next Number of the Register, a satisfactory supplemental 
list of Subscribers.'* 

Ikhajiitants of Essex Cottnty; Massachusetts^ from 1626 to 18O0. — Mr. 
Sidney Ferley, of Salem, Mass., has issued a circular from which we learn that 
be b&s been searching the records of Essex County, Mass,, for the prist seven- 
teen years* and has made Large collections of genealogical information, has 
begun the arrangement of the genealogy of every person who lived in the 
County before tbe year 1600,— a work he proposes to continue as long as time 
ind means allow. 

The records of the County Include admissions to and dismissions from the 
churches, baptisms, births, marriages, deaths, intentions of marriages, grave- 
stone inscriptions, old newspaper news items, advertisf?ments and obUnary 
notices, parish record.s and tax lists, town meeting records and tax lists* probate 
records and original wills and other papers on file, registry of deeds, court 
reoards, civil and criminal, proprietors' records, colonial, provincial and state 
rtecords, and private papers* Seven-eighths of these records are not indexed at 
all, and none of them have full indexes of names. Genealogists will see at a 
glance what a vast amount of hidden genealogical material will thus be brought 
Lato ready use. 

AU persons having i^aestlons that have heretofore failed of s<>lution are advised 
to send them to Mr, Perley. Information on hand will be sent and researches 
made on reasonable terms. Copies of wills, deeds and other papers will also 
be made. 

Caft. Eradk on tite Orioin anu Gknealogy of tku Hildricth Famfly of 
Lom'itLL, Mass.— C*apt. Philip Keade, U.S.A., has sent us a tile of the articles 
printed dnring April and May, Last past, in the Lowell (Mass.) Courier, under 
the above title, which, we onderstand, are to be reprinted in a pamphlet, as 

276 KoUb and Queries. [Julyt 

they well deserve to be. In the preparation of this genealogy of his maternal 
ancestry, Capt. Reade has diligently searched the town records and exhausted 
the ready memory of aged relatives. The Hlldreths, though not a pioneer 
family In the "wlldemesse on the Northeme side of merlmack rluer," were 
early settlers after the Incorporation of Dracut. . From thence, down to the 
generation which saw the merging of large portions of the town Into the city 
of Lowell, they continually held Important town offices and exerted an Influence 
in that community second to none. We commend this effort of Capt. Beade as 
a valuable contribution to the history of North lilddlesex. 

Washington's Youth: an Authentic STATmnnrr of Facts coNCKRimrQ 
HiB Early Career. — Under this title J. M. Toner, M. D., of Washington, pub- 
lished two very interesting articles in the Washington Evening Star, Feb. 10 
and Feb. 22, 1892. The title of the first article Is ** His Schoolboy Days," and 
that of the second Is ** Honors Early Gained." Much new matter relative to an 
interesting period of Washington's life is here preserved by one who has done 
much to Illustrate the biography and writings of the *' Father of his Countiy." 

Oknralooiks in Preparation.— Persons of the several names are advised to 
furnish the compilers of these genealogies with records of their own famillei 
and other Information which they think may be useful. We would sngg^t that 
all facts of Interest Illustrating family history or character be communicated, 
especially service under the U. S. government, the holding of other offices, 

Saduation from college or professional schools, occupation, with places and 
tes of births, marriages, residence and death. When there are more than one 
christian name they should all be given In full If possible. No Initials should be 
used when the full names are known. 

Chute.— The Chute Genealogies by William E. Chute of Swampscott, Mass. 
(a lineal descendant In the eighth generation from Lionel Chute the Ipswich 
schoolmaster) will soon be Issued by Eben Putnam of the Salem Press. It wlU 
make a volume of about 400 pages. Price $4. There will be 276 families of the 
Chutes, besides which the author will give about forty collateral branches bearing 
the following names : Adams, Banks, Cheney, Chipman, Cogswell, Famswoith, 
Foster, Gates, Hale, Harris, Hains, Hanldnson, Marshall, Morse, Noyes, Parker, 
Potter, Randall, Rice, Ruggles, Sanford, Steadman, Taylor, Thurston, Van 
Busklrk, Weare, Whitman, Woodworth and Worster. Besides the American 
families there will be valuable English records. 

Address, W. E. Chute, Swampscott. 

Cults.— The Cutts Genealogy by Cecil H. C. Howard, 266 Tompkins Avenue, 
Brooklyn, N. Y., announced In the Register for January, 1887, page 102, we 
understand is now in ttie printer's hands. 

Dodge.— A Genealogy of the Dodge Family of Essex County, Mass., is being 
prepared by Mr. Joseph T. Dodge of Madison, Wis. An Introductory article on 
the subject will appear is the October number of the Register. Clrcnlan 
soliciting Information are being Issued. 

Orosvenor. — S. L. Crlssy, 1426 Massachusetts Avenue, Washington, D. C, 
is compiling the History and Genealogical Record of the Grosvenor Family and 
has It in an advanced stage toward completion. He has already nearly two 
thousand names. There are probably many of the family, daughters miuried, 
whom he has not reached by correspondence, who are scattered all over tiie 
country. They are requested to send their records to Mr. Crissy. The family 
started from Roxbury, Mass., and settled In Pomfret, Ct., about 1700. One 
son of the original John, William by name, was a graduate of Harvard, settled 
In the ministry, went to South Carolina where he died. There Is a rumor that 
he married and had two daughters. 

Markham. E. A. Markham, A.M., M.D., P. O. Box 95, Durham, Connecticut, 
Is preparing a genealogy of this family. The most of the name in this country 
are descendants of Deacon Daniel Markham (also spelled Marcum and Marcam), 
who came from England about 1665. Dr. Markham has also records of WilUam 
of Middletown, 1650, complete; Nathaniel of Watertown, 1678; Jeremiah of 
Dover, 1659 ; Gov. William of Pennsylvania, 1681 ; John of New York and 
Virginia, 1720; and Mr. Markham of Virginia, 1685. 


Societies and their Proceedings, 



Oi,D Coi-ONY Historical Socikty, 

Taunton, MauachtueUs, April 18, 1B92.—-A qnftrterly nieeting was held this 
iXternoon, the president, Rev. S. Hopkins Em<»ry, D.D'» In tlie chair. 

Rev- Henry CHnton Graves B.D,, of New Bedford, read a paper on •* George 
Fox and Ro^er Williaina — a HistoricAl Study.*' 

Charles A. Reed, chairnian of a apeciarcainmittee to audit the treasurer's 
tccotint^, reported that the receipts during t1ie year were ^875. tO, and the pay- 
meots $665.96. The total fund In bank b $614.6*>» to which may be added $5db> 
tlie legacy of the late John Wilson Smith of rrovidence, which is now in the 
Mirinji^s bank. 

Mr. John F, Montgomery was elected Auditor, 

At the evening session Dea, Edg^ar H. Reed, the historiographer, read obituary 
notices of the following deceased members: Mr. Peter Chick, who died Jan. 
SS, in his 70th year J Rev. Ebeneier Dawes, who died at Lakevllle, Jan. 29, in 
hifl 66th year; and Mrs, Anna Mason Fox, wife of Hon, William H, Fox, who 
died MATch 28. aged 52.* 

J&mes M, Cashman, a descendant of Robert Ciishman, one of the Pilgrim 
Fathers, read a paper on *' Cohannet Alewlves and ibe Ancient Grist Mill at the 
PallB on Mill River.'' 

Gftpt. John Williams Dean Hall, the librarlaiit reported a large number of 
nimble donations. 

Maine Genealogical Society. 

FoHland, Wednesday, April 27. 1892.— h quarterly meeting was held this 
evening, the president, the Hon, Marquis F, King, !n the chali\ 

Mr. Fabins M. Ray read a paper on the life and public servk-es of Col. Thomas 
Westbrook, who is supposed to hare been a native of Portsmouth, N. H., which 
wi« his residence till abotit 1730. Afterwards he became a rej^ident of FaU 
moath, Me., and lived at Stroudwater,t now in the town of Westbrook which 
was named for him. 

Mr. L* B. Chaptuau read a paper on the Knight family. 

Dr. A. K* P. Meserve exhibited a book containing about 500 pages transcribed 
from tJie old records of Buxton, Me. 

Maine Historical Society. 

^ofiland, Monday, April 11, 1892,— The Society celebrated this evening the 
seventieth anniversary of its founding, at the Preble House, by a dinner, which 
occupied about two hours, and man^' interesting speeches and reminiscences. 
The latest nineteenth-century improveraeutg were introduced into the exercises. 
A phonograph at one corner of the dining room discoursed orchestral music 
during the courses, while congratulations were received, through the long-dis- 
tance telephone, from historical societies In the cities of New York, Worcester, 
Boston and Providence. 

After the dinner, the president of the Society, James P. Baxter, A.M., de* 
llrered an address in which he called attention to the honorable career of the 
Society, mentioniug many of those who iu past years have held Its olfices, 

A telegram was* then read from the venerable Hon. James W. Bradbury, the 
predecessor of Mr. Baxter as president, dated Ashevllle, N, C, as follows: 
'* My health Is improved. I am with you to-night. All honor to the man who 
founded the Society.'* Letters wiTe read from Hon. Robert C. Winthrop, 
LL-D., and Rev. Dr. George E, Ellis of Boston ; Mr. Albion K. Parrls of Wash- 
togton, a grandson of Gov. Parrls, the first president of the Society -, and others. 

• In the report of the lust mcctlnff (ant^, p. 191), the nnine of the Inst nifmher of whom 
a memorial sketch was read iliould be CliArka Rkbmoud DuxLury. He 4kd at Brooklyn, 
H.Y.,Dec.26, 1891. 

t A teriet of letters from Col. Tbomaa Westbrook and others, contributed hy Mr. Wll- 
llatD B. Triuk, was begun In the Rboistisb fur January^ IBSO^ aad baa be«n cuniiniied to 
the preaent time. 


SocietieB and their Proceedings. 


Speeches were next made by the Rev. Henry 8. BQiTftge, D.D.» Hon. Josf&b 
H. DnimmoT d, and Messrs^ Franklm C. P&yson, J. S. Locke and Clarence Hale* 
At the coneltiBioD of Mr. Hale's remarka the genUeroen were gi'ouped and a 
flash-Light photograph waa taken. 

Rhode Islai^d Historical Socrarrr, 

Providence t 7\ie9datf, January 11, 1892.— Th^ seTentleth aDnnal meetlnir i 
held thiH evuolng in the Society's cabinet, In Waterman Street, the president, 
Hon, Horatio Rogers, In the chair. 

President Rogers made a brief addpeaa, after which the folio wing offlcen 
were elected : 

Premdent.—UofL. Horatio Rogera. 

Vice Frenidenis^—E* Benjamin Andrewt and Hon. George M, Carpenter* 

Secretarif. — Hon. Amos Perry. 

Treasurer. — Richmond P. Evenctt, 

Standing Co»»m^ttef«.— Nominations— Albert V. Jencks, James E. Cranston 
and Edward L Nickerson, Lecture*— Amos l^erry, Amasa M, Eaton and Reuben 
A. Guild- Building and Groands— Royal C. Taft, L C Batea and Isaac H. Sooth* 
wick. Library— William D. Ely, William B. Weeden and Howard W. Preston. 
PubllcMion — E, Benjamin Andrews, W. F. B. Jackson and James O. Vo«e» 
Genealogical Researches — Henry E. Tamer, John O. Anstin and Gi?orge T, 
Hart. Finance— Robert H, I. Ooddard, Charles H. Smith and Richmond F, 
Evt-Tett, Audit Committee^Lewls J. Chase, Edwin Barrows and James Bur- 
dick. Procurstora : Newport — ^George C, Maj*on ; Woonaocket — Lattmer W, 
Ballon; Scitaate — Charles H. Fisher j North Kingstown— D. 8. Baker, Jrj 
Hopkinton— George H. Olney, The choice of a procurator for Pawtucket waa 
left to the chair. 

A resolution asking the Society to take Into eonsiderution the adrisahillty of 
responding to a request for contributions to an historical collection to be made 
at the Columbian Exposition In Chicago, was acted upon favorably, imd ftCOOl^ 
mlttee will be appointed at a future meeting. 

Virginia Hi8torical Society. 

Richmond, Saturday, February 20, 1892, —-A meeting of the executive com- 
mitte was held this evening iu the Society's rooms in the Westmoreland Club 
House, the president, William Wirt Henry, in the chair. 

A large number of gifts were reported. 

The preitidcnt read a letter from H, B. Clay of Boston, regarding the Clay 
family of Virginia and Kentucky, and Mr, Brock read a letter from Dr Thomas 
Nelson Page, stating that Mr, George R. Morse of New York designed to pre- 
sent to the Society a large part of the correspondence of Gov. John Page of 

Mr. Brock was authorized to print the current volume of the Society's Col- 
lections, which will comprise, with othtx matter, the valuable papers read before 
the Society at its meeting December 21 and 22, 1891. 

Saturday y May 7,= A meeting of the executive committee was held thia even- 
ing in the Society's rooms, Pre^sident Henr^' In the chair. 

A large number of gifts were reported, including an autograph letter of 
Washington. Several important matters regarding the Interests of the Society 
were discussed. 

Mr- Robert A. Brock, the secretary, and editor of the Society's pnbllcationi, 
reported that the current volume of Its Historical Collections (the eleventh) 
would soon he ready for distribution. 

Thursday, May 26.— A special meeting of the committee was held this even- 
ing at the Westmoreland Club House. 

A proposition was received from Mrs. John Stewart and her daughters to 
cede to the Society for Its occupancy the histcirlc building No. 707 East Frank- 
lin Street, which was the residence during the late war of General Robert E* 
Lee, The offer was accepted , and the president was requested to express to Mrs. 
Stewart the grateful appreciation of the Society of the considerate generoait|, 
which, it is to be hoped, will greatly enhance the uaef Qlneaa and popularity it 
the Society* 

1892.] Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. 279 


Prepofcd by Hamilton Akdrbws Htll, A.M.| Historiographer of the Society. 

TiiK HiMoriogmplier would inform the Society, that the eketcheii pre- 
pdred for the Rf.gistkr are necessarily Hrtef in consequence of the limited 
■pace which can \)e appropriated. All the factSt however, which can be 
gmUiened are retained in the Archives of the Society, »nd will uid in more 
tztertded memoirs for which the **Towne Memorial Fund/' the gift of the 
Ute William B. Towne, is provitled. Four volumes, printed at the chjirge 
of thia fund, entitled ** Memorial BioGHArmtis,** edited by the Commit- 
tee on Memorials, have Ijeeu b^ued. They eontaiu memoirs of alt the 
members who have died from the organization of the society to the year 
1862. A fifth volume is ready for the press. 

TnoMAfi CoFFTX Amory, A.m., a rfsldotit member of this Society, came from 
t fmmiiy well known in Ireland iis the xlmorys of Bim ratty. He Was born In 
fio0tan, In a handsome honse, atill standing, on the corner of Beacon anil Park 
BtFcct6« 16 October, 1812. Ills parents were Jonathan and Mchitable (Sullivan) ; 
hi* g^mndparents were Thomas and Kllzaheth (Coflln) ; and hl?< »rreat grand- 
I>an'nt« were Thomaf* and Kebckah (Holme!*), This last named Thomas (son 
of Joaattian) was born In Limerick, Ireland, in 1683, and carae to Boston ta 

The aubject of this sketcli was sent to the Konnd Hill School, Northampton, 
at the age of ten. and remained there fonr years ; he completed his preparation 
f«jr college dming the next two years under his father's roof, and jrradtiated 
from Harvard College in 1%'M). He made a visit to Enrope. and, on his return, 
began the study of the law under hin uncle the Hon. William Sullivan, and 
Joined him in ihe cAre of the family property, Mr> Amory began, early in life, 
to take an interest in historical investlnratioii, at Urst In connection with the 
Idatory of his own ancej*try. In 1869, he published the life of hi8 g^rand father, 
Jtmcii Sullivan, a warm friend of Samuel Adams, and governor of Massachu- 
setts 1807-180'J. He had been a member of the Historic Genea!oy:tcai Society 
irtoce 7 November, 1855, and now (8 September, 1859) he was elected into the 
Maasachuseits Historical Society. In 18^8, he published the Military Services 
and Tublic Life of Major Genenil John Sullivan, of the Revolutionary army, 
and, in lH8fi, The Life of Admiral Coffin. 

In 1858 Mr. Amory was chosen an alderman of the city of Boston, and in 
l»50 a member of the Massachusetts Lcf^islature. *' During the war he ren* 
drrrd majrniflcent service to the city in his position on the Board of Aldermen." 
He took much interest in the bnlUliiijnr of the City Hospital, and, as president of 
ita Board of Trustees, he delivered the address at its dedication. He wjis tfreatiy 
Interested, also, in the erection of the Charity Building In Chardon Street. For 
an account of hl» efforts, with those of others, to save the Hancock Houae in 
ISGSI, see his remarks at the annual meetini^ of the Bostonlan Society, 9 Jan- 
QATy, 1883. and City Doenment No. 56, 1803, He was equally interested in the 
preservation of the (Jld State House, and was one of the early members of the 
Bo^tonian Society, and for several years a director. He was an officer In 
Trinity Church, Boston, and gave to that religious society "^of his time and 
means with the greatest liberality." We heartily concur In' the summing up of 
his character by one of hia intimate friends, In these words : ** He was a brave, 
t, Liberal, patriotic, welbedncated chriatian gentleman." He died at his 
I In Commonwealth Avenue, 20 August, 1889. 
?OL. XLVl. 23 

280 Necrology ofllistoric Crtnealogioal Society. [Jalji 

RoBCRT Bexxet Forbes, Esq., son of Ralph Bennet and Marf^aret (Perkins) 
Forbes, was born at Jamaica Plain, Mass., 18 September, 1804. His mother 
was a sister of the eminent Boston merchants, James and Thomas Handasyd 
Perkins, to whose *' encouragement and assistance his distinguished career was 
In great measnre due.** The family on both sides was of Scotch descent. Mr. 
Forties's grandfather, the Rev. John Forbes, married Dorothy Mnrray in Mil- 
ton, 2 Febmarr, 1769. Her ancle, Robert Bennet, was a kinsman of, and 
senred as midshipman under, Admiral, Lord Collingwood, and his name de- 
scended to the subject of this sketch. 

Bennet Forbes entered the employ of his uncles, the Messrs. Perkins, when 
he was twelve years of age, but they did not wish him to be satisfied with 
merely a counting-room training. He was in the habit of dining with one of 
them on Sunday ; and when it was his turn to be helped to pudding, he was 
asked how he would like to be eating plum duff off the Cape of Good Hope. 
The question was asked so often that he began to think that his mission in the 
world was to eat plum duff off the Cape of Good Hope. At thirteen he sailed 
for China in the *' Canton Packet,** shipping before the mast, going aloft and 
standing his regular watch, like any other sailor. At fifteen he made a second 
Toyage, was third mate at sixteen, second mate at seventeen, and when he was 
twenty his uncles gave him the command of their favorite ship, the " LeTant." 
He afterward commanded the **Nile,** the '* Danube" and the ^'Lintin." He 
continueil his life on the ocean until 1832, when he established himself in busi- 
ness in Boston, and two years later was married to Miss Rose Greene Smith. 
His autobiography gives a graphic account of all his voyages, as well as of his 
varied experiences ashore. 

In 1838, owing to commercial reverses. Captain Forbes sailed again for China, 
and soon became the head of the American house of Russell & Co. He was so 
successful, ttiat at the end of three or four years he was able to return to the 
United States. In 1849 he again became a partner In the house of Russell k Co., 
and went to China by the overland route, taking passage from Boston in the 
steamship ** Europa" on the voyage when she ran down an emigrant ship, the 
** Charles Bartlett,'* and rendering gallant service at the time of this di»ister. 
He came home the next year, but retained an interest in the house, with some 
intermissions, until 1857. 

Captain Forbes took the deepest interest in everything relating to the welfare 
of seamen ; he was an active member of the Massachusetts Humane Society, 
and one of the founders of the Sailors* Snug Harbor. He invented what is 
known as the Forbes Rig, by which the handling of heavy topsails is facilitated; 
and he was concerned with Colonel Perkins in the building of the propeller ship 
'' Massachusetts ** (launched in Boston, 22 July, 1845), which sailed from New 
York for Liverpool in September, 1845. She was the first American screw 
steamer to cross the Atlantic; and, with the exception of the ** Savannah,** the 
first American steamer to perform this voyage. Captain Forbes sent the first 
steam vessel to China, under the American flag, the propeller schooner ** Midas**; 
and the first to India, the propeller barque ** Edith.** In this early appreciation 
of the screw for ocean steamship navigation, he was far In advance of his 
time; for, after he had made his experiments, the Collins and Calif ornis 
lines of steamers came into existence, all of them constructed with huge paddle 

In 1847, Captain Forbes commanded the United States sloop »* Jamestown," 
which took a cargo of food from Boston to Cork Harbor, and superintended 
the distribution of the cargo. While staying at what is now known as Queens- 
town, he became ac(]uainted with the family of Mr. James Scott, a prominent 
merchant there, and corresponded with them for many years. In 1870, he was 
one of the Boston Board of Trade party which made an excursion to California, 
In the first Pullman train that ever crossed the continent. He delivered a lecture 
in San Francisco, in which he contrasted the place as he first saw it in 1825, 
with the noble city whose people had given him and his fellow travellers so 
hearty a welcome. Always an energetic, enterprising man, he was active, use- 
ful and honored to the last. He died in Boston, 23 November, 1889, in his 
eighty-sixth year. He took an interest in many societies ; he became a member 
of the Historic Genealogical Society, 2 February, 1870, and of the Massachusetts 
Historical Society, 10 January, 1861. He was a worshipper and one of the 
Testry at King's ChapeL 

1892.] Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society, 281 


NaTHak Allkx, M.D,, LL D., was born at Princeton, Mass., April 13, 1818, 
and wa** educ^iU'd In the public and private school?^ there, before fitudyln^ medi- 
cine in Philadelphia, whkh he dkl stoon after {jradnatln^ at Arnher*it College in 
1637- He was a diligent f^tudent both in College and at the Medical School, and 
dlstin^iished Iilrnself by the medical thesis which he wrote upon his j»radnat1oo 
from the professional school. He devoted bimself at that time and for some 
je&rs aft^rward^ to the study of phrenology, which wai* much in voi^ue among 
joaojB^ physicians* fifty and sixty years ago, — Dr. Samuel G. Howe and Dr. 
George Combe beinjjj among: the eminent mt^dical men who favored the hypo- 
thesis of Gall and Spurxheim. Althouijjh pbn'nolo|tiry bas lost rank an a science 
since 1850, it was of service i)otb to Dr. Howe and Dr. Allen In turning? their 
attention to the material hmia ui mi^ntal operations ; to wMcli both of them 
devoted mnch study In siibseriiient years. Dr. Allen established himself as a 
physician in LowelU Mass., when it was a small manufacturing city, but famons 
throughout the world from the character of the operatives who then ftUed the 
cotton raids of that place. In a long course of years Dr. Allen Ijecame more 
familiar^ ihrougrh his exteiiBivc practice, with the sanitary nt^eds and dij^advan- 
tages of manufacturing towns, —partlcnlarly their tendency towards over- 
crowding in tenement house^s, and towards the increase of insanity among their 
population. — than most persons of his time. Hence, when by the wise fo re- 
light of Gov. Andrew, a State Board was established in Mai*sftchn setts in 1»G3, 
to consider the condition of the poor in respect to their health, sanUy, snpport 
and charitable aiti, Dr. Allen whs one of the first to be appointed a merahtT of 
this oldest Board of State Cliarities in the United Stales. He was one of the 
trsXy and aLso the last, to serve as chairman of this Board ; and when the new 
Board, with more ample powers, replaced It in 1879, Dr. A linn was appointed by 
Ms friend and neighbor^ Gov. Talbot, a member of the State Board of Health, 
Lnnj*ry and Charity. He was the first chairman of the Lunacy Committee of 
! "' '\, having previously served as a special Lunacy Commissioni-r» with 
' liillips as his colleague. He continued a member of the State Board 

. when he retired after a continuous service of nearly twenty years; 
[ which time he had written Fnost of the essays which were collected a 
ars later In the useful volume widch was published by him. 
Besides this great pnblic service rendered by Dr. Allen, he officiated for 
as consnltlng physlchui of the great State A Imshonse at Tew ksbury, as 
Innan of the City Board of Health in Lowell, as president of the Massa- 
basetts Medical Society for a single year, and in other positions to which his 
Inments and experience entitled him. He wrote fluently and coplonsly on 
subjects, professional or official, and connected his name with various 
' »i"nts in the charitable system of Massachusetts* and the numerous 
le- Mmts for the insane, the poor, etc.* which he visited during a cpiarter 

Ipi iry. He was also one of the tirst to call attt.*iitlon to what has become 

klaiiiUiiir topic among economists and statistical writers both In the United 
fttt»i» and in Europe, — ^the decreasinjj birth rate among the native population 
»f New England, and tht* preponderance thus given to recent Imndgnnits and 
"beir children in tlds portion of the United States. Connected with thc-si* facts, 
rhich he studied closely and pointed out with cieaniess, lie advanced a theory 
9f physical organization somewhat pecnliar, and which hns not yet recom- 
ended itself to general acceptance. He died in Lowell, January 1, \^f^\K in 
onsequence of an accident, and was buried amid sincere demonstrations of 
Drrow among the community where he had so long performed the duties of 
! Good Samaritan, which naturally fall to the physician who practises among 
» poor. 

r. AUen^ who had given a part of his indnstnons researches to local history 
genealogy, was elected a resident member of this Society, >Iay 3, 1858, but 
oed April I, 1861. He was reiilected Jan. 6, 1886. He was faithful to 
Wliatever he nndertook; was interested In many good causes, ami will be 
long renieml>ered by tliosc who were associated with lum. He left a widow 
mnd several daughters, but no son to perpetuate his name. 
B]/ F. B. Sanborn, A J}., of Conc^^rd, Maiiji. 

Rev. David QriMBV Cusuman, A.B., a life raember, elected to membership 

arch 7, J8tJ«, died at Warren, Me., Oct. 13, 1889. He was the sixth child of 

Kenelm and Hannah (Boyntom Nuttt^r) Cnshman, of Wiscasset, Makie» and 

waa born la that town Dec, 2, 1800. He was the eighth generation in descent 

S82 Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. [J^Jt 

from Kobert^ Coshmao, one of the Pilgrim Fathers, through Elder Thomas,* 
Thomas,* Robert,* Robert,* Robert,* and Kenelm^ Cashman, his father. He 
prepared for college under Rev. Hezekiah Packard, D.D., then the congrega- 
tional minister at Wiscasset. He entered Bowdoin College in 1826 and was 
graduated in 1830. The year following he taught school, a part of the time in 
New York city. In September, 1831, he entered Andover Theological Seminary, 
and was graduated in 1834. Some months succeeding he was employed by the 
Blaine Missionary Society and preached in the towns of Litchfield, New Sharon 
and Pittston in that state. In the spring of 1835 he went to Millville, Mass., 
on the Blackstone river and in the town of Mendon. He was ordained as an 
evangelist in Millville, June 23, 1836. He continued as acting pastor at that 
place till November, 1837. On the 7th of February, 1838, he was installed at 
Boothbay, Me. In May, 1843, he left that place and went to Richmond, Me., 
where he was acting pastor one year. On the 26th of October, 1844, he wa« 
installed at Newcastle, Me., and remained there till Oct. 27, 1855, also supplying 
Bremen. At Bristol he was acting pastor 1855-6; and May 20, 1857, was io- 
atalled at Warren, where he continued to be the pastor till Aug. 20, 1868. He 
was acting pastor at Bremen 1863-5, and of Hubbardston, Mass., 1865-8. He 
resided at Bath, Me., without charge 1868 to 1886, and afterwards at Wairen 
till his death. 

He married, Feb. 13, 1838, Miss Emeline Henry Sewall, daughter of Dea. 
David and Eliza (Crosby) Sewall of Bath, Me., who died March 27, 1886. They 
had one daughter. Emetine Augusta, born June 21, 1841. 

He was the author of *' The History of Ancient Sheepscot and Newcastle, 
including Early Pemaquid, Damariscotta and other Contiguous Places," 1888, 
Svo. pp. 458, noticed in the Rboistbu for April, 1883, p. 221. He was also the 
author of various pamphlets and newspaper articles. He contributed artidefl 
to the fourth and sixth volumes of the Collections of the Maine Historical 
Society. An autobiography, with a portrait, will be found in Lieat.-GoT. 
Oushman's Cushraan Genealogy, pp. 376-80. See also Congregational Year 
Book for 1890, page 23. 

By John Ward Dean, A.M. 

Frederic Milton Ballou, Esq., a resident member, elected Oct. 8, 188S, 
died at Providence, R. I., May 4, 1889, in his 71st year. He was the son of 
Alexander and Fanny (Sweetzer) Ballou, of Cumberland, R. I., and was bom in 
that town June 21, 1818. He was a descendant in the seventh generation from 
his emigrant ancestor Maturin^ Ballou, who settled at Providence, tliroQgli 
James,* Obadiah,* Rev. Abner,* Abner* and Alexander,* his father. 

He was educated in the district school on Cumberland Hill. In 18S2 he 
entered the counting room of Messrs. W. and Darius D. Famum, woolen 
manufacturers at Waterford in Blackstone, Mass. In 1840, Mr. D. D. Famum, 
the junior partner, died, and bis labors fell to Mr. Ballon, who then held the 
position of book keeper. *' From this time he was confidential clerk and pay- 
master till 1846, when he was put in charge of the Millville Woolen Mill as 
superintendent. In 1848, in company with Evans and Seagrave of Providence, 
he leased the Famum Mill No. 2, at Waterford, and carried on the manufacture 
of fancy cassimeres till 1856, when on account of sickness he removed to 
Keene, N. H. From 1857 to 1859 he was managing agent of the Broadbrook 
Woolen Mill at Broadbrook, Conn. In 1860 he removed to Providence. He 
resumed business at Waterford, Mass., with his old partners, and continned it 
with good results till 1872, when he retired from active busness in that line." 
He was a director in various banks in Woonsocket, R. I., Keene, N. H., and 
Providence, R. I. He was a member of the Providence city council from 1878 
to 1880, and represented that city in the Rhode Island legislature in 1870 and 
1883. '* He was well known In Blackstone valley as a practical woolen manu- 
facturer, a good financier and a systematic business man.** He rendered much 
service In the preparation and publication of Adin Ballou*s '* The Ballons of 
America." See Register, vol. 43, p. 116. 

He married 1st, Sept. 16, 1841, Sarah Allen Arnold, danghter of Elijah and 
Sarah (Allen) Arnold of Smlthfleld, R. I. She died Feb. 12, 1848, and he ma^ 
ried 2d, July 13, 1847, Nancy Cummlngs, daughter of Amos and Nancy (Hast- 
ings) Cummlngs of Marlboro*, N. H. By his first wife he had: 1, Charies 
Frederick, born Aug. 4, 1842, died Oct. 29, 1864. By his second wife he had: 
2, William Herbert, born July 17, 1849, who married Lizzie Belle Broughtoo, 
and is a merchant in Providence. 

By John Ward Dean^ A,M. 

J'fecroloffy of Historic Genealogical Society. 283 

Abijar Perkins Marvin, A.M., resident member, was born In Lyme» Conn., 
1 Ft'bru&ry, 1813. Hia parents were Asahcl and Azobfth (Sill) Manin, Tlmmgh 
his father, AspahcU thi» line ascended through Timothy, Elliibat Reynold, Rey- 
nold, to Reynold who cjime from Kni^land and was In ilartforrt, Conn., in 
1636, with biji brother Mathew, on Front Street, North End. ** He settled in 
Parmlngton, on the Main Street, and afterward in Say brook, In that part which 
la on the c^ast side of the Cnnnecticnt River, and Is now Old Lyme, about half 
way from Lyme Street to Blackball, the seat of the Grlswolds/' ** He, the first 
Reynold t and a captain, was living when Lyme wa^ made a town. Here lived 
and died h\» son^ Lieutenant Reynold, and his grandson, Deacon, Lyme*s Cap- 
tido, Reynold. Azii!)ah Sill wa» des^eended from Captain Joseph Sil!, sou of 
John Sill, of Cambridge, Maea, (See Sewall's Diary, Vol. IL, p. 257). 

Abijah Marvin attended the district school in Lyme until lie was fourteen; 
the next six years he ^pent la prinlinp: ollicet*, doln^ all parts of the work, 
which, be used to say afterward, was an excellent training for h!m> He fitted 
for college nt the bi^b wchool in Brnttlcboro, Vt., and i^radnated at Wasbing^ton, 
(now Trinity) College, 11 art ford, Conn*, in 1839. lie took bis Master's degree 
In course, 

Mr. Marvin tang^ht in schools of all grades, district, higli and private, in the 
academy, and as tutor in colle^ret aud all this work be considered an Important 
part of bis own education. Most of It was done before enterinfj upon bis life 
work, the gospel mlnintry. He taujsbt a public school in Delaware bi 1B32-3, 
aod a private school hi Virt;inia in li^-tU-1. After much intercourse with plant<^rs 
and slaveholders, be came back to the Nortb in 1841, " with the <lxed conviction 
that slavery would never be f?iven tip without bloodshed. This experience," 
h« said, "deepened my abhorrence of slavery, and gave a tone to ray life till 
the war closed/' 

Mr, Marvin studied theology at New Haven, gmdaatlng from the seminary 
there with the class of 1842, He was ordained, 10 January, 1844, pastor of the 
Congre^aiional Church, Wlnchendon Villacre, now the North Cougrei^ational 
Cbarch, Wlnchendon, and he held this charge until 23 An^^ust, I861I. He 
aerved, for a year or two, aa agent of the American Congregational Association, 
and collected money for the purchase of a Congregational House, He was 
associate editor of the Boston Recorder In 1867» and was at Worceuter. without 
a charge, in l«rJ9-70. 

Mr. Marvin served aa acting pastor of the Congregational Clmrch tn Laa- 
caster from 187€ to li:<72, and In the latter year (1 May) was Installed as its 
pa«ftor. He was dismissed from this charge 21 October, 1875, but continued to 
reside in Lancaster until his death, 1!) Octfd)er, 18HD. He was a diligent student 
and writer, and besides some sermons, and articles in the New Englander and 
Btbliotheca Sacra, he published a History of Winchendon, of Lancaster, and 
of Worceater In the War of the Rebellion; he was also the anthor of a con- 
siderable portion of the History of Worcester County, a work of two large 
octavo volumes. He left the MS. of a Life of Cotton Mather, which, it la 
hoped, will soon be given Ui tlie public. 

Mr. Blarvla was a member of the Massachnsetta Const! tntional Convention 
of 1853, representing Winchendon. He became a raumber of this Society, 3 
April, 1684, He married, 5 March, 1845, Caroline, daughter of Micah and Roxy 
JRichardson) Hot brook. 

^Bamuel Acstts Alliboxk, A.m., LL.D. — This dl*itingnisbed author was a 
^Kive of Fhlladelpbia, Fa., where he was born on the 17th of April, 1816- In 
early life he followed a mercantile career, but soon became interested in literary 
pursuits. His Jlrst prominent work was '* A Review by a Layman of a Work 
entitled ' New Themes for the Protestant Clergy,' " w^hich was published at 
Philadelphia in 1852. This was followed by his *' * New Themes' Condemned** 

^KThe work, however, which has given Mr. Allibone a world-wide fame waahla^ 
^■5 Critical Dictionary of English Literature aud British and American 
Authors/' The tlrst volume of this great publication w*as issued in 1844, and- 
00 the whole work he labored continuously for upwards of twenty years, the 
aecond aud third volumes not appearing until 1871, The llrst volume contains 
1003 pages, octavo, the second 1321, and the third, including the copious indexes 
arranged in departments, S14 ; making a total number for the entire work of 814^^ 
page«. The author revised the last proof-sheet of his great productioo on the 
Uat day of the year 1870. 

VOL. XLVL 23* 

284 Necrology of BUioric Genealogical Society* [Julyi 

Thl<t iDAGrnlfleeiit erfdenc^ of the enterprise, IndtistTT, research And erood iu6^- 
ment of Its AOthor hfw cotnmiin(lc<J tbe attention of the most eminent ftcholaw 
and authors of recent times. Such men as Prencott, Wiseman, ETerett, 
Bancroft^ Inrlng, Spflrk«, Ticknor, Bryant, Peabofly, Maeanlaj* Holmes, 
Whipple. Hlllard, Felton, Wlfithnip, Beecher, Mann, Willis. Dana, Verplanck, 
Hallcck, Whlttler and Lossingt with manj others, ha^e spoken of it in terms 
of hijjh pratae. The work containa over forty-six thousand articles and fortj 
Indexes* of subjects, 

Mr Alllbone was also the author of " An Alphabetical Index to the New 
Tcstaraent," published at PUiladelphla In 1868; *^The IHvine Orij?in of the H0I7 
Bcriptiircjs," 1809; ** The Union Bible Companion," 1871 ; ^* Poetical Quotation*, 
Britinb and Araerlcan, from Chaucer to Tennyson," containing; 550 authors, 115 
aubjects and 13.600 quotations, pnbUsbed at Philadelphia in 1873; ♦' Prose nuota^ 
tions from Socrates to Macao lay," Pbilftdelphin, lt<7»J: and ** Great Authors of 
all Age»t Selections from Prose Works of Eminent Writers,** Philadelphia, 
18T9; aU of which show tnnch discrimination and judgment. Some minor poth 
licatlona also attest his industry and research, 

Mr. Alllbone took great interest in religious literature. He was the book- 
editor and correspondinij secretary of the American Sunday School Union from 
1867 to 1873 and from 1877 to 187SK In the latter year he moved from Phila- 
delphia to New York, and became librarian of the Lenox Library. He was 
elected a correspond in<g: raembt'r of the New-England Historic Genealogical 
Society, Jane 3, IH57, and died at Lucerne. Switzerland, Sept. 2, 1889, a^ed 
73 years, + months and ir> days, leavini? a widow who had assisted him in hii 
literary labors, and one chlld^ a daughter, the wife of Charles Canrer of the 
Philadelphia Bar. 

Btf 0. B. StebbiM, S9q., of South BoBton. 

Hkv, Fordyck Mitchkll Hubbard, D,D,, was the son of Roswell Hubbard, 
and was born at Cumiuinjjton, Mass., January 13, 1809. Subsequently, the 
family removed to Northampton. He graduated at Williams College in 182d» 
and served as tutor there from 1831 to 1832, In 1829 he married Martha Hen* 
flhaw Bates, daui^hter of the Hon* Isaac Chapman Uat^s, subsequently U. S. 
aenator from Massachusetts. He was rect^jr of an Epi^iCipil church in New- 
bern, N. C^ for some years, and was called thence In 1840 to hi^come Professor 
of Latin lu the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, which office he held 
till J8fi8. Soon after the close of the civil war he removed to Manllus, N. Y.. 
where he served some years as principal of a school for boys as well as rector 
of a nelffhl>onnjf parish. When his ability Ut lal>or Cv-ris^-d, he returned to 
Raleigh, N. C, and after a brief survival was found dead at his bedside In the 
attitude of prayer* 1 Septeml>ert 1888* 

In the year 1860 he received the degree of D.D., both from Trinity CoUege, 
Hartford' Conn., ami from Columbia Collej^e, N. Y. He \fBS elected a oo^ 
rcspondinii member of this Society, Dec. 5> 1865. 

Bjf Lewis J. DutKetj, Eaq,, of Norlhampion, Mast. 

Rkv, William Thomas SMiTffKTT, D.D.. of Omemee, Ontano» Canada, was 
the sou of Thomas Davis Smithett, of Dover in Kent, England, and was boni U 
that town April 3, 1822. He spent most of his childhood to 1830 in Cala]«. 
France- Fnm^ that date he was educated in private schools In Dover. He 
stndied for the ministryt and before be was twenty years of nge^ he was ap- 
pointed and commissioned as Lay Reader in the Anglican Church for the foreign 
field, 1841-2. He oflleifited as lay reader in BntLsh Guiana for a number of 
years. He was ordained Deacon Sept. 25, 1845, by the bishop of Guiana in the 
Churiib of St. George, Georgetown , Demarara, He came to the United Stated 
and became rector of Grace Church, Honesdale, Pa., in 1»49, and was rector 0/ 
the Church of the Ascension, Esopus, and Holy Spirit, Rondont, N. Y., to Not., 
1B51. While located at Esopus he was ordained priest in Grace Churchy Ilroolt- 
lyn, N. Y., Sept. 21. 185L He was Instituted re<tir of Chri?*t Church, Boston, 
Mass., in 1852. In \B^, be was irausf erred to the diocese of Illinois, and was 
successively rector of Grace Chureb. Galesbur^h; Emmanuel Churchy R*>ck- 
ford; and St. Mattbew*s, Kenosha, to iafi8. He was appointed In An^nt. iSftS, 
to the incumbency of HastlnjCfs and Norwood on the Trent, diocese of Tor^^nto, 
Canada. Thence he was transferred to the incumbency of Lindsay, t£^Tl,aml 
Lastly was inducted as rector of the church at Umeiuee, Sept., 18I}1» He died 


£ook Notices. 


lere Karch 24, 188S, in his sixty-sixth year. He wna elected a resident mem- 
of this Society Feb. 3, 185H, and a coTTPspondinfir member Dec. 7, 185^1, He 
elvetl the dejsrree of A.M. from Norwich Uuiversitj, Vt., 1856, and that of 
;D. from Nebmslca Colie^e. 1873, 

He married, Feb. 3, 1845. io St. Peter'a Chnrch, Leguan, BHtijiii Gniana, 
ill Rogers Gordon, born in Liverpool^ England^ June 26, i82r». They bad 
Idren : 1. William Brett, born in Legiian, Jan. 22, 1846; 2, Christinna Francf^s, 
m on Esseqviebo, Nov. 26, 1847; 8 and 4, a son and a dftu^hter born and died 
fD EsopQ*!, N. Y. ; 5, Sarah Etizabelb Gordon, born In Boston. Au;jr. VI, 1852; 
6, Cbarlei* Edward Boxer, born in Boston, April 6, 1855 j 7, Mary Hfimilton, 
bom in Boston, May 15» 1857; 8, Charlotte Ajrnen, born in Boston, April 16, 
18&9 : and 9, Alfred, born and died in Galesibiirgh, 1862. 
B9 John Ward Dean, A.M» 


The editor rcquerts persona sending books for notice to state, for the Information of 
ier», the price of each book, with the amount to be added far postage when »unt by 

Genesis of the Masgachit^etfs To%en, and the Development of Town- Meeting 

niment. By Chaules Fhancis Adams, x^bxkr C. Goopeix. Jr., Mkllen 

Cbamdehlain ani> Ei>WAiit> Channino. [Repdnte^i from the Proceedings of 
tlie Madi*achQsctt8 Illstoriciil Society, January, 18U2.J Cambridge: John 
Wilson & Sort, University Press, 18i>*2. Fampldet. 8vo. pp. 1*4. 
Tbese important papers ^ the productions of our best students in colonial and 
provincial history, deserve careful attention ; for they reach conclusions dif- 
ferent from those bithtTto accepted by historians. If these are to standi, much 
current Massachusetts early history will ni^ed revision. Undoubtedly, in 
Etigland, the Maasachusetts Bay Company, the parent of the Colony, was an 
ABAOciation of London merchants, simitar to the Dorchester ad\'enturer?* and 
others. As, with the bringing of the charter to this side of the water, the 
commercial organization developed, gradually, into the goveniment of a com- 
munity, otherwise uogcovcrned, and t^>ok upon itself the elements of statehood, 
fto the individual constllutent comniniiities, unincorporated, assumed the ouly 
form of democracy, or home rule, with whicli they were familiar and In wliicb 
only were they experienced. It was so in the Plymouth settienjent, ten years 
prevtoua. English law and liberty, in like manner, had at an earlier date blos- 
somed into civil government at Pemaquid and Sagadahoc in New England and 
at Jamestown in Virginia. This method of proceeding was tliat of the parish 
of England, itself the creature of the Conqueror, by virtue of his Norman 
sapience from the Saxon tithing and gemot and the Norsk thing. The very 
names and duties of the oUicial are competent evidence. The settlers bad no 
love for tJ»e aa a system of church and state union. They were not 
tolerant. Neither they nor their oppressors knew the blessing of living together 
In unity. They were resolved to liave none others than those of like opiniona 
with themselves. But, beyond all, they were Englishmen, and, stern as they 
were In antl*prelacy and anti-jjapistry, they were resolved that the folkmeet 
ahonid not deal with things spiritual, and the church should not meddle with 
thin if s temporal. They did not essay this as an cxperinient, but entered directly 
Its accomplishment In their town meetings. There was no preamble, no 
L^n constitution : but, far better, there was the resolute determination of 
Ircti, independent wills. In that way only ibey proposed to live. The f reetlom 
of the town meeting often appeared in the meetings of the church, and the cant 
phnuHes " of the godly " in the records of the meetings for prudential affj^irsj 
for their constituencies were nearly Identical. With the march of lime, the two 
have grown wide apart; the one is tlie valued, cherished source and guardian of 
the liberties of ail New England ; the other Ia the proud poaijesslou of a nccU 
Igseialluence far outweigha Its numbers* 

286 Book Notices. [Jalj, 

Mr. Adams clearly sets forth the parallel between the commercial enterprises 
of the 17th and the I9th centuries. The ** planters" are the stockholders; tlie 
executive head, the *' Governor," is now the president; the ** selectmen " are the 
directors; the *' General Conrt** are the regular stated meetings; the ** plantar 
tion '* is, today, the railroad or other company whose charter is the source of 
the right to do business. The plantation meetings were held for the making of 
rates, as the tax list was then denominated, for the ordering of prudential 
and material affairs, for providing for the common defence and for the election 
of officers. As, with the growth of the settlements, these interests become para- 
mount, the meetings become town meetings and go upon record. The plantation 
meetings, strictly so-called, were of a private nature, purely financial, and are 
not upon the town record. It is not improbable, thinks Dr. Channing, tliat some 
of these plantation records may yet be found in England. 

All lovers of our local history will read these papers with large interest. The 
discussion is forcible, and by the ablest minds conversant with the subject. If 
they do not lead to exact and definite conclusions, it is because, in the present 
state of historical knowledge, the data for exactitude are not attainable. 
Whichever of the views, maintained by these gentlemen, may be accepted by the 
reader, none will gainsay the conclusion of Judge Chamberlain, that these towns 
** after a few years learned to manage their municipal affairs with such w^isdom 
and success that, in the course of time, they so enlarged their views that, with- 
out overstepping the bounds the law had set up, they became a power which 
modified the action of the government, and, in the fulness of time, most effectual 
agencies in the dismemberment of the empire, and so famous throughout the 
civilized world." 

It is greatly to be regretted that many of the authorities quoted exist only in 
manuscript, some in the hands even of private parties. As such they are liable 
to decay, depredation and destruction. If the towns themselves cannot see 
their duty in preservation, by printing, of these priceless records, it would seem 
a proper place for the exercise of the eminent domain of the Commonwealth, 
either by entrance itself upon the work, or injunction by statute upon the 
towns, parishes and counties with whom the records now are. 

By George A. Gordon, A^M,, of Homerville, Mass, 

History of the town of Oxford, Massachusetts , wUh genealogies and notes on persons 
and elates. By Geokgr F. Daniels. Oxford : published by the Author with 
co-operation of the Town. 1892. 1 vol. 8vo. pp. 856. Price $4.00, or #4.30 
when sent by mail. 

Every native of this ancient town, unsurpassed by inland towns of BCassa- 
chusetts for beauty of location, will welcome this volume with pride. The 
community was never incorporated as a town, but grew into form and endow- 
ment as an existent fact recognized by common consent. It took its place 
among the out-lying frontier towns of two centuries ago unquestioned. The 
proprietary interest of the beautiful, extensive plain, on whose well- watered, 
productive soil it was located, was granted by the general court and confirmed, 
as its owners claimed, ** by the Kiugdon of Great Britain." The remarkable 
settlement of the Huguenots here was the salient point in its early history. 
These gentle, polished refugees, lacking the grit and gristle of the Englisli 
recusants, were unable to cope with the hostility of the wild Indian and 
abandoned their improvements. After the Indian war was closed and the new 
century advanced a dozen years. Englishmen, from other towns in the colony, 
resettled and occupied the spot. This was permanent. Their garrisons ovei^ 
awed tlie remnant of the savages. The ecclesiastical interests, as elsewhere, 
dominated the civil; and the meagre taxes were steadily fortified by encroach- 
ments upon non-residents and absentees, who held titles to some estates. In 
1720, a *' Gospel Church" was formed and, in 1721, Rev. John Campbell from 
the north of Scotland was ordained, and spent the remainder of his life among 
this people. He soon became the most infiuential citizen in political and social 
affairs. He was the minister, the physician, the judge and the peace-maker of 
the little community. Good reasons are given for the belief that he was a 
political refugee, and that from him rightfully proceeds the inheritance of the 
Scottish earldom of Loudon. In 1733 the earliest school was established. The 
population had reached the limit whereat the statute required the provision of a 
school-master; so the town voted liberally, and private contributions made op 

Book Ifoticea, 


the deficit. In 1788 district sclioola were established, \n 185J1 a jrrflmmar school, 
and in 1856 a Jiigh school. Theae scvc^ral items, with ample e^thlbltion of the 
military and bu«ineas career of the inhabitants, Mr. Daniels has felicitously »et 
forth in paragraphs with appropriate iieadlng^s. A chapter on the '* Older Home- 
steads " i^ unique and embodies mo!(t valuable information. It traces the several 
homesteads under the title of their earliest owner, through tlie convi'vanees, to 
the present holders; furulshlng: ready nieaoa for the detenninatlouof ancestral 
estates and the location of family res^idences, 

Wc are very glad to find that one lialf the volume, and rai>r« than half the 
coDtents, is devoted to the genealoijies of all whose names appear on the records 
of the town down to 1850, Each notice of the heads of families, and their 
prominent members, Is accornprtuled wltli pertinent remarks, det*criptive and 
characteristic of the individuals. This is a very g^raceful addition to tiie 
ordinary interest of genealo^i^y. Many quaint, ung^a^iring^ and \ahjal>le documoutsi, 
traditlonSt incidents and miscellaueoiis matters, unused in the jgeneral history, 
are grouped under appropriate headio/Lifs in an appendix. Separate indices for 
the history proper, of uanies in the i^enealo^y out of alphabetical order, and of 
the homesteads* are supplied at the close of the volume. 

The editorial labors, which must have been very lar|?e, are well done, the book 

is well printed on good paper by Mr. Charles Hamilton, of Worcester, and 

deserves a place in every public library- Other towns In South Worcester^ 

^Mred from the ancient limits of Oxford, should supplement this volume with 

Hke histories of thcinselvea. The illustrations, consisting chiefly of views, land* 

'^%^>«a and scenery in and about the town, are unusually beautiful. They are 

well executed by Mr. W« F, Allen, of Gardner. 

Bif Oeorge A, Gordon, A.M., of JSomei-vUte, Mass, 

Jfte Sahhnth in Pttriian Neta England. By Alick Morsk Earle. New York* 
^Kharles Scribner's Sons. 1891. University Press : John Wilson & Son, Cam- 
Bbiidi^e. 12 mo. pp. 335, 

It Is Impossible to do justice in tbe small space allotted me, to the manj 
beauties and excellencies of the book before me. After carefully reft cling and 
re-r«ading it, the first thought that comes uppermost in ray mind is, that no 
lover of history, no lover of good literature, can afford to he without so valu- 
able a work, a work evidently the result of years of patient labor, of careful 
research, and of earnest love for all that was beautiful and noble in the lives 
of the early dwellers in New En*?land, lives full of toil and suflTering, yet upheld 
by a firm faith in the justice and mercy of God. 

How touclUng is the following picture of a scene in public worship : *' I 
have seen within a few years, in a country church, a feeble, white-haired old 
deacon rise tremblingly at th« preaclier's solemn words *' Let us unite in prayer," 
iod stand with bowed head throu«?hout the long prayer; thus pathetically clitig- 
\nfS to the reverent custom of the olden time, be* rendered tender tribute to 
vanished youth, gave equal tribute to eternal hope and faith, and fonned a 
beautiful emblem of patient readiness for the last solemn summons." 

The book contains a wealth and variety of information bearing upon the 
colooial history of our dearly-loved New England, and cannot fail to be of the 
greatest interest to all who dwell in New Eriglaud, or who have New-England 
blood in their veins. The writer is thnroughly in sympathy with her suliject, 
and, though of Puritan descent, does not hesitate to criticLse some features of 
the Puritan belief and of the customs and habits of the people. She does not, 
however, faiJ to render due justice and praise to their simple, manly, God-fear- 
ing lives. Gladly would I quote. If space permitted, her graphic account of the 
pathetic yet noble confession of Judge Sewall— that splendid type of the Puritan 
character — of his terrible mistake In condemning to death the poor victims of 
the witchcraft delusion. Tiie writer is the fortuimte posse8S4>r of a remarkably 
clear and charming style, and her tiook abounds in many witty passages and 
turns of thought. It will he of special interest to those of an antiquarian turn 
of mind, as tiie author has drawn from many and varied sources of Information, 
Dot eaaiiy accessible to the gen end reader. 

I esnnot better ch^se this Imperfect notice than by quoting the following 
passage from the last chapter of the book: *' What those brave, stern men and 
wotnen were, as well as what they Iwiked, Is known to us all, and cannot be 
dwelt upon here, aoj more than can here be showu and expialoed the deUUa of 

288 Book JToiices. [July, 

their reli^oofi faith and creed. Patient, frugal, God-femring and indostriov, 
cmel and intolerant sometimes, bat nerer cowardlj, sternly obefing the wofd 
of Grxl in the <>piiit and the letter, but erring sometimes in the' interpretatioa 
thereof, — sarely thej had no traits to shame os, to keep as from thrilling with 
pride at the drop of their blood which rans in oar backsliding reias. Nothing 
can more plainly show their distingaishing characteristics, nothing is so faDy 
typical of tho motive, the spirit of their lives, as their referent obserraace of 
the Lord*8 day."* 

By Bev. Daniel Bollina, of BoMton, Mass. 

The Vital Record of Rhode Island, 1636-1850. By James K. Arxold. Vols. 
11. and III. Providence County. Pages xxxix., 397; xxxv., 443. Provi- 
dence, R. I. : Published by the Narragansett Historical Publishing Company. 
Price $5.00 each in cloth. 

These valuable volumes are now ready for delivery. Volume II. contains the 
City of Providence and the Towns of Cranston, Johnston and North Providence; 
Vol. III. the Towns of Gloucester, Burrillville, Scitoate, Foster, Cnmberiaad 
and Smithfleld. 

Providence \h the largest and most populous County in the State, having more 
than two-thirds of its inhabitants. This work, therefore, embracing as it do« 
every birth, marriage and death, as recorded in the recbrds of the varioos 
Towns, from 1G30 to 1850, must prove a valuable assistant as a work of refe^ 
ence unto every student who shall have occasion to consult its pages. Every 
marriage is given at length under the groom, with book and page of the origiiuil 
record. T\\\h, as far as possible, is continued in the births and deaths. Every 
item of value in the original record is here presented in each instance. Every 
Town has its separate pagination as well as its indexes, which are arranged so as 
to show : i. The names of the families given in the body of the work. U. The 
names occurring promiscuously, iii. The names of places mentioned in the text 
These indexes, if first consulted, will at once give the name or place sought 
for, and save therefore much valuable time to the reader, whose time for research 
is limited. The marriages are arranged in a very natural manner, giving first 
the earliest one of the name in the record and followed by each one of that name 
chronologically to 1850. The births are given in groups showing the members 
of the family in natural order, and followed by other families of that name, in 
similar order, down to 1850. The deaths are given strictly chronologically. 

In brief, the plan of tlie compiler Is to reflect, as near as possible, the order of 
the original record, at the same time to give a presentation of the matter treated 
80 that it will be at once understood by the reader. 

Those who have examined the first volume of this work (Kent County) have 
expressed themselves very decidedly in its favor, particularly in its natursl 
arrangement; many of them have pronounced it a model for future works of 
like character. 

The two volumes make a total of 914 pages, imperial quarto size, and contain 
more than G2,000 separate items. It Is printed at the lowest price possible con- 
sistent with successful publication. ♦ ♦ ♦ 

History of Bethel , formerly Sudbury Canada, Oxford County, Maine, 1768-1890. 

With a Brief Sketch of Hanover and Family tSlatistics. Compiled by WiluaM 

B. Latuam. Augusta, Me. : Press of Maine Farmer. 1891. 8vo. pp. xv.+ 


The town of Bethel in Maine was originally the plantation of Sudbury Canada. 
It was granted to the descendants of soldiers who went from Sudbury, Mass., 
and the adjacent towns, on the Expedition to Canada In 1690. A petition for 
such a grant was presented to the Massachusetts General Court in 1737 and 
another in 1708. In June of the latter year a township in the District of Maine 
was granted to the petitioners, situated on both sides of the Amariscoggin river. 
Several years after a settlement was begun there, and gradually it grew to be a 
flourishing plantation. In June, 1796, it was incorporated as a town by the name 
of Bethel, a name said to have been suggested by the Rev. Eliphaz Chapman. 

Dr. Lapham, the author of the work before us, has had much experience in 
compiling works upon local and family history. As was to be expected he has 
here presented to the natives and citizens of Bethel a faithful and exhaustive 
history of that town — a town in which he, himself, spent the earliest years of 


Booh Notices* 


bis life, an«1 even then interested hlraself in gathering from all accessible sources 
Uie facts and romanec in It^ annals. 

The book is Uanilsomely printed, profusely illtiatrated and well indexed. Two 
hundred pa^es or nearly oue-tbird of the work ih devoted to genealogy, so much 
sought for in these daysj. 

An QffiiCial Tour along the Eastern Coast of the Eefjency of T^mis, Geography and 

Hilary of the Covntry, and Manners and fJttstoms of the Pfoph. By Amos 

Pkrrt, LL.D, Providence, R. I. : Standard PrlntlnfT Conipany, 1891. evo. 

pp. It, +110. Price $1.00. AddrcHH. Aino^ Ferryt ProvidtMice' R I. 

Dr. AmoH Perry, the secretary and Hhrarian of the Rhode Island ITistorical 

Society* held from 18t>2 to l*iG7 the office <»f United States consul at Tunis. In 

1861*. he published an elaborate work entitled -* Carthage and Tind;*, Fast and 

Present," an octavo of ftve hundred pages . Tht^ pamphlet before us is cnlarj?ed 

from a sketch designed by the author to illustrate a part of his book on Car* 

tba|E«, and was intended to be inserted in the appendix to that work, but was 

crowded ont by other matter. Thl^j *' revised and enlarged sketch 1ms a broader 

tcope. It Is virtually a suppleinenl to the larger work. It furnlshus statistics 

and material facts that show changes that have taken place during the last 

quarter of a century, together with the present condition and future prospects of 

Uie conntry." 

We have here a narrative of the author's official visits to places of historic 
interest in that country, with notices of prominent p«;rsons whom he met, por* 
tmitf* of some of whom are given. The work is written In an agreeable style. 
At thiis timi% when so much interoj^t ist uum if est^Hl in the continent of Africa, tlda 
pamphlet will be read with Interest, and its 20 engraved Illustrations, including 
% mAp of the country, will prove decidedly attractive. 

^^^rican Commonwealths. X^crmoiit, a Stttdtj of Independence. By Rowland 
^^L RomivsoN. Boston and New York : Mo ugh ton, Miffliu & Company. Tbc 
^fcrerside Press, Cambridge. 18f»2. 18mo, pp. vl.+370. Price $L25. 
^HfesLsr^^. Houghton, Mifflin & Co. are publishing several popular series of 
Hfer*Pl»*^^l *^n5 l*^*^<>fit'al volumes,— the titlcH of wbi<'h are: American Men 
of L-ctters, American Statesmen, American Religious Leader?* and American 
Commonwealths. The last named series is edited by Horace E. Seudder, and 
l^^ercted to histories of the several states of ihe union. Thirteen volumes of 
[Hp series have been issued, the last of which is that before us on the state of 
^Srmotit, by Rowland E. Robinson. 

Early in the seventeenth century, iu 1G03, Champlain saw the western sliores 
of Veimont, and twenty years later Sir Ferdinando Gorges and Capt. John 
M&soD planned a settlement, and hoped for prolUalile trade in peltry, on It.** 
territory, but tht^ir wild hopes were doomed to disappointment, for their scouts 
ncTcr reached the grant. Mr Robinson has made a useful and intt^resting book* 
He citlb it '' A Stntly of IndpjU'ndence/' and certainly his book shows that the 
pie of Vermont have exliibitcd that quality in a marked degree. The reader 
xis volume will be well repaid for its study. 

IvMionj of the Toien of Haddam and East Haddam, By Davii> D. Field, A.M. 
liddleto'wn : Printed hv Loomis & Richards. \>^hJ 200 copies reprinted 
&r Charles L. AVoodwafd, New York. 1802. Sm. 8vo. pp. 4i^H-L 
This book waji originally prhited over three quarters of a eentnr)' ago, and has 
ISr many ye^rs been one of the rarest nf nire American local histories. We 
thinlt it is the earliest of the Rev. Dr. Field's contributions to historical litera- 
ture, and it shows the same care and industry which he exhli>ited lu his later 
book^. Mr. Woodward has done a service to collectors of Americana by giving 
1 an exact reprint of the work. 

Iff Stntintic* of Seymour, Conn. Vol. II. To Dec, 81, 1801. Compiled by 
C. SiiAKPK, Record Print, Seymour, Coun. 1892. 8vo. pp. fi9. Sold at 

lie Beconl office. Price $1 : by mail, 8 LOG. 

The first volume of this book was published in 1881 , and was noticed by ns in 

iL 1883. It la said to have been the flrst instance in which the vital statistics 
Connecticut town were prlntt^d, with the exception of the Woodbury 

otda, published by the Hon. William Cotbren in 1879. 

290 £aok Notices. [ July, 

This Tolnme contains the records of births, marriages and deaths from 1888 to 
to the close of 1891. 

We have frequently spoken of the importance of printing town records, and 
by this means preserving them from destruction, and making them available to 
a wider circle of genealogical students. We are glad to see the growing interest 
In this subject. We commend the present work to our readers. 

A Manuscript containing Lancashire Church Notes and Tricking of Arms made in 

the Tears 1664 to 1598. Rendered in blazon by J. Paul Rtlanps, F.S.A. 

For Private Circulation. Liverpool : T. Brackett Limited. 1892. 8vo. 

pp. 22. 

The manuscript which is the basis of this pamphlet belongs to a personal 
friend of Mr. By lands. It is '* apparently a Herald's note-book of the time of 
Queen Elizabeth.'' Two Lancashire Rolls of Arms of the times of Edward UL 
and Henry VIII. were printed by Mr. Rylands in the Transactions of the His- 
toric Society of Lancashire and Cheshire for the year 1885. New Series, voL i., 
pp. 148-60. The remainder of the manuscript, which consists of twelve leaves, 
are given in this pamphlet with the exception of some confused and mutiUted 
pedigrees which occupy the first four leaves. 

Mr. Rylands has done a good service for genealogists, particularly those in- 
terested in Lancashire families, in transcribing and editing these notes. They 
will ** materially assist those engaged upon the history of the churches and 
families " to which they refer. The pamphlet is a reprint from the Transactions 
of the above-named society. 

Biographic<il Notes of Doctor Matthew Sutdiffe, Dean of Exeter, 1688-1629. By 

Frances B. Troup. 8vo. pp. 28. 

This is a paper read at Tiverton, July, 1891, before the Devonshire Association 
for the Advancement of Science, Literature and Art, and has been reprinted 
from the Transactions of that Association, vol. 23, pp. 171-196. 

The author of this pamphlet is an American lady of historical tastes, who has 
resided several years near Exeter in Devonshire, England, and who is a con- 
tributor to the Register. Her interest in Dr. SutcliiTe, who was Dean of the 
cathedral church of Exeter, arose, we presume, from the fact that he was early 
interested in the settlement of New England. She has given us much new mat- 
ter concerning the doctor in the very interesting paper here printed. The will 
of Dean Sutcllffe and a list of his works, the latter filling nearly five pages, are 
appended. We hope that Mrs. Troup will find time to prepare more such pi^>er8. 

The Library and Cabinet of the Bliode-Island Historical Society, Their Origin 
and Leading Features^ together with a classified summary of their Contents. By 
Amos Perky, Librarian and Cabinet Keeper. Providence : Printed for the 
Society by Snow & Famham. 1891. 8vo. pp. 24. 
This is a carefully compiled and useful pamphlet. The Society has a rich 

collection of historical manuscripts and a valuable library of printed books. 

Southern Historical Society's Papers. Vol. XVIII. Edited by R. A. Brock, 

Secretary of the Southern Historical Society. Richmond, Va. : Published by 

the Society. 1890. 8vo. pp. 439. 
Southern Historical Society's Papers. Vol. XIX. Edited by R. A. Brock. 

Richmond, Va. : Published by the Society. 1891. 8vo. pp. 420. Sent free to 

members. Other subscribers $3 per annum. 

The object of publishing these papers is well stated in the prospectus of the 
secretary of the Society and editor of these volumes, to be *' to collect and pre- 
serve for the future historian material for a true history of the causes, progress 
and results of the great war for Southern Independence, while at the same time 
regard will be paid to the general history of the Southern States." 

Extended notices of previous volumes have been given by us. From them 
our readers have learned the character of the contents of this useful series. 
We need only add that the two volumes before us are equally valuable with 
their predecessors ; and repeat what has before been said in these pages : "No 
library, public or private, which pretends to historic fulness, can aSbrd to be 
without these volumes." 

The annual assessment of members of this Society is $3. Life membership 
is fifty dollars. 

Book Notices, 


GtmftUogieal Gleanings in England. By Hf-ntiy F. Waters, A,M- Extracts 

from the Maniage Licenses granted by the Bishop of London, 1698 to 1P»39. 

Salem, Mass, : Salein Press PubLishhije; and Pdritini; Co. !B92. 8vo. pp. 107. 

This is a valuable contrlbtition Ui fjeni?aloEr!pal Uterainre, A collection of ox- 
tracts f nrmi the repLHU*r of tlie Mflrriaije Licenses issued by the Bishop of Lon- 
lioD, made by CoK Cheste^r, was publli*ht.Hi by the Harleinn SociHy in 1887. 
Tbo0e extracts bep^o in 1620 and ended In 1^28. Mr. WattTs has confined h\s ex- 
tnda to a briefer period — oikedurin§: whirli items relating? to ttie setlkTs* of New 
England would be most likely to be found, and lian made a special effort to 
eollect New Enajland names. ** Of the four huntired and ninety-nine extracts of 
marriage licenses," sayw Mr. Wat»'rs in liii* preface, '* two hundred and six ar^ 
to be found In CoL Chester's colleclion, and two hundred and ninety -three do 
not appear there. ♦ ♦ • of the two hundr«'d and six whicli Col, Chester has» 
forty -seven are virtually the same as hi'* (with occasional diverse reading) ; but 
tbe lanie number of one hundred and Hfty-ntne contain additional Information, 
some of it of jarreat prenealo^ical vahie. ns any one may sec who will take the 
trtiuble to compare them. In ca^jte of diverse reading's of the same fads, which 
will occasionally be noticed^ I can only refer the re-ader to the oH^nal record 
to establish the proper readin;^. I have no doubt that in some cases Colonel 
Chester's reading will be found the correct <jne and In some cases mine, 1 have 
yet to see the transcriber who is nlways right. 

** Of the two hundred and ninety-tliree entries not found in Colonel Chester's 
collection* only eiifhteen appear prevUms to lfi27, while two hondrtxi and ,seventy- 
Are occur In the years 1G27-1G39; and, of the two hnndred and six entrieswhlch 
are also In Cliester, one hnndred and eighty occur before 1627, but only twenty- 
itx afterwards. This may be accounted for by the fact that he seems to have 
made a very thorough examination of the Vicar Generars Books, which, he 
aays» contain no roarriajie licenses between March 22, lf»2fi-7, and the period at 
which I stoppetl my exnmSnation of the Bishop's Registry. The conclusion to 
which I am forced is tliat Colonel Chester made bat a very hurried and Incom- 
plete examination of the Bishop's Kegistry and mustt in fact, have omitted not 
ilmply hundreds but even thousands of Items. It s<eeins to me, therefore, quite 
worth the while for all whoae lines of ancestry nm back Into the Diocese of 
London to make a careful examination of the Bishop's Registry from and after 

Macb new light is thrown on New England family history by the extracts 
here printed, and many difficulties have been cleared up by them. The pamphlet 
is a reprint from the Historical Collections of the Essex Institnte for 189L 

The Somerville Journal Sounejiir of the S^mi Centtmnial, 1842-1892, Published 
and Printed by the Somervllle Journal Co., March 3, 1»&2. Folio, pp. x.-h44. 
Price 25 cents. 

This souvenir of the semi -centenary celebration of the incorporation of Somcr- 
ville pr»*«erves much of the local hij^tory of that city. The town was incorpo- 
rn^ '■" h 3, 1842, and the celebration ^vas held on the 17th of June last, the 
a- \ of the battle of Bunker Hill. A striklnji; feature of this souvenir is 

the miMiiiMns portraits of prominent citizens of Somerviile, which are accom- 
panied by sketches of the lives of the several individuals. There are also many 
vicw*s of buildings with accounts of them, and other embellishments. The en* 
^Tftvings are in the half-tone procesjs and are ail excellent, partknlarly the por- 
traits. Articles on the eai^ly, the revolutionary aud the later history of Somer- 
Tille are also fouud here. 

lHitnam'9 Monthly Historical Magazine. Published by Eben Putnam, Salem 
Press, U. 8. A. May, 1892. ttoyal 8vo. pp. 40. Price 25 cents, or ^2 a year. 
^n,1t «n«>traElne is a continuation of the Salem Press IlC^torical and Gf'nealogicnl 
Tl iced in previous issues- Eight quarterly numbers, making two annual 

f the i?fOjrd; have appeared. The magaxine is now changed from a 

%uajrtcrly to a monthly ^ and it Is brought out with a new title. The number be- 
fore us begins with iin excellent sketch of Gen. Ij^rael Putnam by the Rev. 
Alfred P. Putnam, DJl., which is followed by Mr. Treat's Genealogical Glean- 
i&l^ in England; Georgetown, Maine, Records; Mary Endicott's Diary; Hevo- 
lationary Soldiers \ and Notes. We wish the work abandaot success in it8 new 


290 Book Ifotices. 

This Yoliime containg the records of births, marriage 
to the close of 1891. 

We have freqnently spoken of the importance of pri 
by this means preserving them from destruction, and i 
a wider circle of genealogical stndents. We are glad to 
in this subject. We commend the present work to ooi 

A Mantueript containing Lancashire Church Notes and 

tAe Tears 1664 to 1698. Rendered in blazon by J. 

For Private Circulation. Liverpool: T. Brackett 

pp. 22. 

The manuscript which is the basis of this pamphl 
friend of Mr. Ry lands. It is ** apparently a Herald's 
Queen Elizabeth.'* Two Lancashire Rolls of Arms of 
and Henry VIIL were printed by Mr. Rylands in the 
toric Society of Lancashire and Cheshire for the year 1< 
pp. 148-60. The remainder of the manuscript, which < 
are given in this pamphlet with the exception of som^ 
pedigrees which occupy the first four leaves. 

Mr. Rylands has done a good service for genealogi 
terestcd in Lancashire families, in transcribing and e< 
will ** materially assist those engaged upon the hist 
families " to which they refer. The pamphlet is a repri 
of the above-named society. 

Biographical Notes of Doctor Matthev3 Sutcliffe^ Dean of 

Frances B. Troup. 8vo. pp. 28. 

This is a paper read at Tiverton, July, 1891, before th 
for the Advancement of Science, Literature and Art, 
from the Transactions of that Association, vol. 23, pp. 

The author of this pamphlet is an American lady of 1 
resided several years near Exeter in Devonshire, En^ 
tributor to the Register. Her interest in Dr. Sutclifl 
cathedral church of Exeter, arose, we presume, from 1 
interested in the settlement of New England. She hac 
ter concerning the doctor in the very interesting pape 
of Dean Sutcliffe and a list of his works, the latter fill 
appended. We hope that Mrs. Troup will find time to p 

The Library and Cabinet of the Rhode-Island Historic^ 
and Leading Features^ together tcith a classified summ 
Amos Perry, Librarian and Cabinet Keeper. Pro 
Society by SnoM» & Famham. 1891. 8vo. pp. 24. 
This is a carefully compiled and useful pamphlet. 

collection of historical manuscripts and a valuable libi 

Southern Historical Society's Papers, Vol. XVIII. 

Secretary of the Southern Historical Society. Rich] 

the Society. 1890. 8vo. pp. 439. 
Southern Historical Society's Papers. Vol. XIX. 1 

Richmond, Va. : Published by the Society. 1891. 8 

members. Other subscribers $3 per annum. 

The object of publishing these papers Is well stated I 
secretary of the Society and editor of these volnmea, I 
serve for the future historian material for a true 1 ' ""' 
and results of the great war for Southern Indepen 
regard will be paid to the general history of the f 

Extended notices of previous volumes have I 
our readers have learned the character of the 
We need only add that the two volumes 
their predecessors ; and repeat what has T 
library, public or private, wliich pretends i 
without these volumes." 

Tlie annual assessment of memben C 
is fifty dollars. 

Book Notices. 293 

Famiiy Records of Joseph Alexander de Chabrier de Peloubet, the First of the 

Xnme in the United States, vHtk the Funeral Address of his Eldest Son, L^ F M. 

Chabrier Peloubet, wbo died Nov. 28, 1885. 1893. Printed for the Family. 

Sm. 4to, pp. 37. 
Pedigree of King of Salem, Euex County, Mass,, 1595'1S87. Five Llnci of 

Descent traced by RuFua King of Yonkers, New York. Broadside 22 In. bj 

26 in. One hundred copies printed. 
Qeneuingical Gleanings relating in the KeUfys of Brentir>ood, N. U., and kindred 

familirs of Edgerltf, Shitte, Bobinson^ Hanrock and Clevfhind. By WtLiiAii 

Henrt Kklley, correspond i Hi? member of the New-England Historic Genea- 

lo^cAl Society. Saint Paul, Minn. 1892, 8vo, pp, 42. 
Qetuuiogy ofthfi Booth Famihj in Enf^land and the United States; being a Com- 

Motion of tht Pedigrees of the English Line, and of the Descendants uf Richard 

Mooth of Connecticut, U S. A.^ doicn to the family of the Compiler. By Walter 

8, Booth, Minneapolis, Minn* 1892. 12ino. pp. 25. 
A Meeting of the Descendants of Ebenezer and Mary (Howard) Taft., at the CheH- 

n*tt Hill MeHing- Bouse in Blaekstone, Mass.^ Tuesday, August II, 1891, \mth 

the Addrrms of Rev. Carlton A. Staples^ and other Proceedings of that Oecasion* 

8vo. pp. 28. George H. EUiSt Printer, Boston^ Mass. 
A History of the Putnam Famihj in England and America. By EncN Putnam. 

Pari II. Salem : May, 18^2. 8vo. 64 pages. Edition SOO copies. Issued 

only to subscribers. Price $6 in advance for the whole work. 
Origin and Genealogy of the Hildreth Family of Lowell, Mass, Compiled by 

C^taln PiULn* Readk^ United States Army. 1892. 8vo. pp. 71. Printed at 

1x1 well, Mass. 
The Starkeys of New England and the Descendants of George Lawrence. By 

Mise EMn.Y Wto>ER Lkatttt. Boston : David Clapp & Son, Printers. 1892. 

Sro, pp. 10. 
The Historical Journal of the More Family. Da^td F. Mork, Editor. Vol. L 

No. I. Newark, N. J. 1892. Royal 8vo. pp. 12. 
Additional Notes on the Family of Wineklqf. No. II. 8vo. pp. 3, No. IIL Sva. 

pp. 14. 
The Otin Souvenir. Copyright secured by C. C. Olin of Indianapolis, Ind. 

Price 16 cents. 

We continue In this number our quarterly notices of recent publications re- 
latinj^ to |j:encalogy. 

The Lane Genealogy, the first book on our list, is prepared in a thorough 
manner. The volume Is the result of the labors of various ind