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Full text of "The New England historical and genealogical register"

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I 



'< -., 



i 




Ex Ltbris 

JOHN EMERSON MARBLE 




ISIS GARFIKLO AVKMUE 
SOUTH PASAMMA. CAUFORMIA 



■3 



A 



THE 



TH£ 



NEW ENGLAND 



j^t0toncal $P C^enealogical Slegiater, 



PUBLIBHBD QUAUTEBLT, VNDEIl THE DIREOnON OF THE 



ISt^ iStifilanV ?l^f0totfc:=<!Sftnralofifcal <Sbocfrtfi. 



FOR THE YEAR 1865. 



VOLUME XIX. 




BOSTON : 

PUBLISHED BY TIIE SOCIETY, 13 BROMFIELD STREET. 

David Clapp h 8o.f, Printm. 

1865. 



^ttblispjj ^trangtratnt for 1865. 

EUttor, 
WILLIAM BLAKE TRASK. 

(S^ m m 1 1 1 e t . 

JOHN WARD DEAN, HENRY MARTYN DEXTER, 

WILLIAM BLAKE TRASK» WILLIAM HENRY WHTTMORE, 

WILLIAM SUMNER APPLETON. 



GENERAL INDEX. 



[Index of Names of Persons at the end of the volnmc] 



for 1746 and 1778, intertoaTed, Items from, 
Yth Dotat, 237. 329 
iioatrj of Dorothj Merriam, 127 
Asm CtmUj reoords, 106 

iAmm Oxooiensig, sappresMd or ooDdemned for 
tHaaag hiatorical &cC8 coaceming the Earl of CUu> 
■xlca, 76 
jMKnphi — 

Brooks, John, 193 ; Sallivan, James, 289 ; Thay- 
er, Gideon F., 149 ; Warren, John C, 1 
hUwin — Bmen, notices of, 107 
luk,flnt in Boston (1714). 106 
■■Btfd, Ber. John, note about, 134 
Moment, Earl of, 235 
Me o( Got. Wm. Bradford, 12 
iMkinotMxd — 

Bartcl*^ tribote to Qen. Chas. R. Lowell. 06 
BUk«'s Three Yean in the Army of tne Poto* 

mac. 286 
BarprM G«nealog7f by BmrgeM, 384 
Burke and Atvord Memorial, by Boutelle, 189 
Caralier DUoMunteil, an Essay by Whitmore, 96 
Cbvchman^s Calendar for 1866, 192 
C-jieevorthy^ii Group of Children and other 

Poems. 288 
GaQrre'^';itif>nal Quarterly, 286 
Cnrdntn-'s Addi«M before the New England So- 
ciety. Montreal, Canada, 288 
ComtpoTMleooe between Jay ami Daw8on,and be- 
tvern IfjAiUton and Dawson, concerning the 
Fedeitklirt, 188 
I>utmoiitli. Mass., Bi-cuntcnnial proceedings at, 

•A1 
DoUwwe Historical Society, proceedings of, 101 
Pufflmer Acadt-my, Centennial discourse, by 

CleaTdaod, 287 
EAtoa\« U'utary of Tliomaston, Bockland and 

Sooih Tbomaifton, Me., 283 
XLicV dlMoarw ou the Fiftieth annlTersary of 
Umt D^icatwu of the Church at Church Green, 
BusiciD, 287 
Ef^ex Institute Collections, 192 
Erei«u, Edward, Tribute to the Memory of, by 
the New England Historic-Genealogical So- 
ciety, 376 
FIrr LoiKld Pioneer, 382 
Feirirr, William, the Magistrate, and one line of 

hu Uescendaniii, by Fimler, 381 
Frank lanl. Sir Charles Uenry, Baronet, (»r, Bos- 

u.n in the Colonial Time^ by Nason, 381 
QranrA's Letters respecting Bear Admiral Graves, 

Hftlley Families, Genealogies of, by Boltwood, 

2S4 
HeraMIc Jnamal, 190 
hi*vjTic^ Magaxine, 191 
HiKijry of the Anti-Slavery measureit of the 

thirty-.seventh and thirty-eighth United States 

CuiigreM, 1861-6, by WUmn. 383 
H tknet^N I^rtU-r (if Direction to his Father*s Birth 

l^Mf>', with Notes and a Genealogy, by Patter- 

Boh <i.-n-:ik>gy, by Durrle, 96 
Botcbia-on Papers, voL i., 187 
U*'* Half Oeniury Disc-jurse at Modway, Mass., 

287 
1ow», Annals of, 286 
K^i<*aii Annual Kf/i^ter, 18G1, 381 
La-C Men of the k*;vulutlon, sicetches of, with 

pbotograplH, by Hillanl, 287 
LizKula, Abrubani, late President of the United 

flutes, memarial oi; 876 



Lltteirs Ltring Age, 190 

Lynn, Blass., History oi^ by Lewis and Newhall, 

281 
Machias, Memorial of the Centennial anniversary 

of, 94 
Massachusetts Historical Society, Collections of, 

282 i Pnicoediugs of (1863-1864), 282 
Muuseirs Chronology of Paper and Paper mak- 
ing, 379 
Nason's Eulogy on Lincoln, 376 
National Portrait Gallery of eminent Americans, 

by Duyekiock, 384 
New Haven Colony Historical Society, Papers 

of, vol. i., 383 
New Jcnsey Historical Society, Procwxlinga of 

the, 286 
Old Boll of Fame— Patriots of the Revolution- 
Sketches of Survivors, 287 
Park Street Church and Society, Boston, semi- 
centennial celebration of, 382 
Phelpji Genealogy, by Phelps, 06 
Portland, History of, by WUUs, 377 
Pratt Family, by Chapman, 284 
Pray's Historical Sketch of the Twelfth Cungn'ga- 

tiooal Church, BtiRton, 382 
Prince Society, Publications of— Hulchiiison l*a- 

pcrs, vol. i., 187 
Putnam's Address at Funeral of Gen. Chas. R. 

Lowell. 96 
Queens County in OUen Times, by Ondenlonk, 

286 
Rebel Prisons, a Voice from, 286 
ReiMirt of Col. A. W. McDonald, to the Governor 

of Virginia (1861), 378 
Shakspeare, Tercentenary celebration of the Birtli 
of, by the New England Iii8toric-Genuak)gical 
Society, 186 ; at Lowell, Mass., 186 
Smith's Half Century Discourse at Warwiclc, 

Mass., 287 
Smith, Kev. Sydney, Wit and Wisdom of, 380 
Sprague's Annals uf the American Pulpit— Uni- 
tarian Congregational, 282 
Stearns's Sermon ou the Death of Adjt. Myron 

W. Smith, 192 
Watson Genealogy, by WaUfon, 380 
Wiibraham, Mass., Centennial AddrcM, by Steb- 

blns, 189 
Windham. Coim., Genealogies, by Weaver, 96 
Boston, CommitUre uf correspondence, 306 ; tin<t Utiuk 
in (1714), 166; gaol, Journal Icept by John L<.-:ich in, 
266 ; lu'.w Brick Church in, records of, 230 ; Re- 
cords, 29, 168 
Brackenhuiy, Samuel, note about, 108 
Bradford, Mass., early marriagt-ri in, 22 
Bralutree troubk^ in 1683, 6.) 

Bristi>l County Records, extmota from, 166 [263 

Bunker Hill, list of Prisoners Uikcn hi the Battle of, 
Ccntennarians, notices of, 84, 267, 'MCt 
Centennial and oth(;r celebrations — B<Mtnn, 60tl) iin- 
nivcTMry of the dedication of the New SouUi (.'hurch 
in, 173 •, Brown University, I*rovidcm.v, R. I., 172 ; 
Field, Rev. Joseph, D.D., 60th anniversary of tbc 
settlement of, at Weston, ^lass., 174 ; Fitchburg, 
Mass., Framingham, Masi*., 171 ; Lie, Rev. Jiicot), 
D.D., hair century diwounte at Med way, M:i<h , 
173 ; Lancaster, N. H , centennial, 171 ; New 
Nethorlaii«l, commcmomtion r.f the crmqiicst of, 
173; New Bedford, MasH., 172; Nonc»n, M:u^a„ 
160th anniversary of the settlement of Rev. Ju.^epli 
Avery, flrst minister in, 173 ; Ra^muuil, N. II . 
centennial, 171 } Warwick, Mass., Rev. Pr<»ervcd 
Smith's half century disanirss In, 173 



IV. 



General Index, 



CharlefttoMrn, Mors., early Records in (1593), 57 
Conoord, Mtb>»., minute men, muster roll ot, 44 
Current Events, 279, 303 
Deposition of John Devcrick (1666), 311 
Diary of Peter Edes, 255, 258, 261 ; of Miss Mary 
Fleet, 59 ; of John Leach, 256 ; of Ezekiel Price, 
329 
Doo|>-Boek, of the Dutch Cliurch, Schenectady, N. 

v., extracU from, 69, 316 
Dorchester, Ma««., Ancient Paper Hangings in, 170 
EarUiquakc at Port Koyal, Jamaica (1692), 122 
iAvA^ Peter, extracts from Diary of; 256, 258, 261 ; 

notice of, 257 
Election Sermon by Jolm Norton, Boston (1661), first 

of the kind, printed, 160 
Errata, 192, 384 
Fleet, MiM Mary, extracts ftom the diary of (1756- 

1803), 59 
Genealogies — 

Baticock, 216 ; Gushing, 39 ; Hutchinson, 13 ; 
Jeumr, 246 *, Oliver, 100 ; BounsevUl, 47 ; 
r^trang or Strange, 324 ; Sullivan, 289 ; 
Vaughon, 354 
Gleanings, 58, 253 

Gould — Wentworth — Blanchard, 263 
Gove, John, of Cliarlostown, Mass. (1655), note from, 

73 
liuhnes, John, of Iladdam, Cono., Letter of introduc- 
tion to his Father's Birth place, 362, 380 
Houghton, Mrs. Mary, notice of, 122 
Hutchinson's Collection of Papers, adTcrtisement of 

(1769), 254 
Independence, Signers of the Declaration of (1776), 46 
Inscriptions ut St. John, New Brunswick, 26 
Journal kept liy Jiihn Lemli, confined by the British 

in Boston Gaol (1775), 255 
Juuiu!>, supposed author of the Letters of, 363 
KnoUys, Hansard, and his Letter of Publiok Assur- 
ance (1639), 131 
Lading, Bill of (1704-5), 141 
Leach, John, Journal of (1775), 266 ; Statements of, 

313 
Letters from — 

Belcher, Jonathan (1719, 1731-1740), 128, 143 } 
Dudley, Paul (1721-22), 20 j Glover, John 
(1780), 213 ; Hancock, John (1776;, 135 ; Hop- 
kins, Esek (1777), 148 ; KnoUys, Hansard 
(1639), referred to, 133 •, Leach, John (1776), 
342; Lelghtnn, Tobias (1746), 224; Ome, 
Joseph (1746),. 227; Pepperrell, Col. Mm., 
(1730), 143 ; Pepi»errell, Sir Wm. (1737-1745), 
145, -229 ; Shirley. Gov. Wm. (1745), 223 ; 
Sparliuwk, Nuthaniel (1746;, 224; Waldo, 
Samuel (1747), 142, 227 ; WaWron, Hon. Ricli- 
aid (1742), 222; Winslow, Isaac (1747-1749), 
2-28, 229; WokwU, Gov. Koger (1746), '226 
Lfwis, Rev. Thomas, of Mendham, N. J., query about, 

73 
Lincoln families of Masssachusetts, notices of, 357 
Lincoln, Abraham, some account of; 268 ; fkkmily of, 

360 
Lincoln, Abraham, Norwich, Eng., monumental in- 
scription to, 361 
Louisbourg, advertisement for enlisting recruits at 

(1745), 2-25 
Lovt'll, James, notic(> of, 257 
Lunenburg, Mass. (1731), common lands in, 244 
Marriages, in Bradford, Mass , 22 ; North Bridge- 
water, Mass., 200; Births and Deatlis, 77, 174, 
219, 206, 364 
Mas!«aoliusetts Mwns, incoriM»nited in 1765, 162 
Mather, Cotton, extracts f^om sermons by, 159, 245 
MemUrs of the New {England 11 istoric-Gen««iLlogical 
Sociirty, obituaries of — 
Chauncey, Nathaniel, 369 ; Even^tt, Hon. i:<l- 
ward, LL.D., 179; Fox, John Lawryuce, M. 
D., 276 ; Harris, Dr. Luther Metcilf. 276 ; 
Honiblower, Hon. .Joseph Courten, LL !>.. 87; 
Huntoon, Rev. Berjiunin, 176 ; Linjf«ui), Rev 
Alvan, D.D., 90; l/r.mird. Rev. \a'\\ Wash- 
»>urn, D.D., 275; Murse, Rev. Abncr, .".71; 
tiuincy, Hon. Josiili, LLD,, 89 ; Ilnfn, Prof. 
( :irlClirib-tian,27o; Sillimaii, Bet\j:uiiin, LL.l)., 
178; Stn^ter, Seba>tian Ferris, »1 ; Thayer, 
< J Ideon French, 149, 170; Vattcmire, Alex- 
ander, 367 ; Willard, Joseph, 371 



Memoirs and Notices of — 

Baldwin, Hon. James F., 07 ; Brooks, Gtov. John, 
193 ; Sullivan, John, his ancestors and descend- 
ants, 289 ; Thayer, Gideon French, 149 ; 
Vaughan family, 343 ; Warren, John CoUinft, 
M.D., 1 
Memorial Stone, Warwick, Mass., 67 
Middlesex WiUs, abstracts of, 42 
Morse, Rev. Thomas, Essex, Eng., Will ol, 264 
Neir Brick Church in Boston, Records of, 230, 820 
Newbmy Block Houses (1704), 312 
New England Historic-Genealogical Society- 
Annual Address (1865) of the President, 109 
Life Members, 94 

Necrology of members, 87, 176, 273, 367 
Officers of, 181 

Proceedings of, 92, 182, 277, 373 
New England Primer, advertisement of (1691), 312 
North Bridgewater, Mass., marriages in, 200 
Obituaries — See Quartkrlt Obitcajuks. 
Old Home of the Thayers, 306 
Old Mill Prison, list of Americans committed to. 74, 
136, 209 ; Letter, from Joua. Archer, confined in, 
referred to, 209 
Pai)er Hangings, ancient, in Dorchester, Mass., 170 
Pepperrell Coat of Arms, and Monument, 147 
Pepi>errell Manuscripts, 141, 222 (183 

Petition of Americans in Ixnidon to George III. (1774>a 
Portraits- 
Brooks, Gov. John, 193; Sullivan, Gov. James, 
289 ; Thayer, Gideon French, 149 ; Warren, 
John CoUins, M.D., 1 
Pray, Capt. Samuel, Protest in behalf of (1706), 142 
Prince, Rev. Thomas, Reminiscence of, 121 
Prowse, to the Pepperrells, account of goods fhm 

(1716), 143 ; invoice and letters (1732), 144 
Quarterly Obituaries, 77, 174, 266, 364 
Queries, 41, 73 

Records— Boston, 29; New Brick Church, Boston, 
230 ; Springfield, 61, 249 ; Wetherstield, Conn., 
241, 317 ; Woodbridgc, N. J., 28 [343 

Reminiscences and Genealogy of the Vaughan family, 
Reminiscences connected with the war of 1812, 338 
Rhymes, Christopher, note about, 148 , 

Rockaway, Long Island, burning of (1741), 222 . i 

Rowley, Mass , Deed of confirmation of land in (1660), 

107 
Schenectady, N. Y., Doop-Boek of the Dutch Church 
In, extracts from. 69, 316 ; notices of Ministers in 
the Reformed Dutch Church of, 204 
Schoolmistress, noU><i one, 270 

Scituate, Mass., Marriagis and Births in, 219 [65 ' 
Scotch and Irish S4>1.1 in Ani('ri<«, for servants (1654), ^ 
itottlhgate, Richard, and his fiunily, some notice of, 262 
Sparhawk, Nathaniel, of Cambridge, fkmily of, 126 
Springfiekl Records, 61, 249 [at, 26 

St. John, New Brunswick, monumental inscriptioos 
Stutt,46 

Subtcxibers to Princess Chronok>gy, memoirs and no- 
tices of— 
Avery, J<^n, 124; Belcher, Jonathan, 206; Foye, 
Wmiam, 207 ; Gibbs, Henry, 208 ; Gibbs, Hen- 
ry, Jr., 208; Hurd, Jacob, 123; Larrabee, John, 
124 ; OUver, Andrew, 207 ; Webb, John, 124 ; 
Wlllard, Joseph, 208 
Suffolk Wills, abstniots of, 32, 163, 307 ; Deeds, 62 
Symonds, Deputy Governor, I>eclanition of, 56 
Thoniijson, David, of Easton, Mass.. notice of, 122 
Tyuti', Gov. of South Carolina (1708), lines concern- 
ing, 37 
Waldo Family, notes on the, 76 
Waldron, Hon. Richard, genealogical note concerning 

the fiunily of, 'l'£.\ 
Wam*n, Edmund or Edward, of Llt>yd's Neck, L. I. 

(1690-1717), (lucry aWmt, 64 
Warwick, Mass., memorial stone in, 57 
Wentworth, John, the last O)lonlal Governor of N. 

H., 306 
Wentworth, William, an<l his grand-children, 66 
Wethorsfleld, Conn.. Rcconls of, 241, 317 
Wigglesworth an<l Deane, 38 
Wills — Middlesex, 42 ; Morse, Rev. Thomas, Ene. 

(1596), 264 ; Suffolk, 32, 16.'$, 307 
WcKnlbridge, N. ,F., extracts fn»m rec<»nis at, 28 
Wn.'nlham, .Mass., incorporated (1673), 34 
Wyoming, last survivor of the nuwncre at, 26 



NEW ENGLAND 

HISTORICAL AND GENEALOGICAL REGISTER. 

Vol. XIX. JANUARY, 1865. No. 1. 



MEMOIR OP JOHN COLLINS WARREN, M.D. 

John Coluks Warren was bom in Boston, Massachusetts, August 
l«t, 1778, in a house at the comer of Avon Place and Central Court, 
^diere his father. Dr. John Warren, then resided. 

At the age of eight years he entered the public Latin School, 
under Master Hunt, for which ho had been fitted in the Elementary 
School of Master Vinal, in West Street. During these years the 
&iiiily had removed, first to Washington Street, corner of Sheafe'j 
Lane (now Avery Street), thence to Sudbury Street, and finally, in 
1785, to School Street. For seven years he continued a pupil of the 
Latin School, during which time, with the single exception of a hard 
contest with a " North End " boy named Howard, he easily main- 
tained the first rank in his class. The struggle with Howard was ter- 
minated by the latter leaving the school, but while it lasted it was a 
constant source of excitement and uneasiness to Warren, who even at 
this early age could ill endure the rivalry even of a friend. With 
this exception he used to refer to the years spent in the Latin School 
as the most agreeable portion of his life. 

At the first distribution of the Franklin medals, in 1792, Warren's 
name stood at the head of the list ; and on leaving school for college, 
in 1793, he delivered, as head scholar, a public valedictonr address. 

In his fifteenth year he entered the freshman class of Harvard Col- 
lege, and occupied a room on the lower floor of Massachusetts Hall. 
He received some prizes during his college course, and is known to 
have enjoyed an honorable standing with his class, as may also be in- 
ferred from the fact that on graduation he was made valedictorian, an 
honor which was at that time conferred by the votes of the graduating 
class. But little is known of his college life, farther than that he 
found it very pleasant, and acquired a useful knowledge of the ancient 
languages, which then formed the chief part of the established course 
of instruction. 

Graduated in 1797, he did not immediately enter upon the study q( 
a profession, but devoted a year to the study of French with Mr. 
Sales, afterwards for many years instructor in modern languages in 
Harvard College. This delay arose from the reluctance of Dr. War- 
ren to choose for his son a profession so laborious as that of medicine, 
especially as he appeared to have no decided inclination for such pur- 
Boits ; but after waiting a year, and failing to secure a suitable posi- 

Vol. XIX. 1 . 



t Memoir of John Collins Warren^ M.D. [January, 

tion in a counting house, it was at length decided that he should com- 
mence with his father the study of that profession in which he after- 
wards attained such distinguished success. 

The position of a medicsd student was at this time rather that of an 
apprentice than that of a student of the present day ; and it is by 
no means surprising that disgust at the drudgery of compounding 
medicines, and the want of hospital advantages at home, soon led to 
the decision to visit Europe. 

He accordingly embarked for England, June 16th, 1T99, and landed 
at Deal after a voyage of twenty-four days. He proceeded at once 
to London, and after a few weeks spent in seeking information and 
forming plans for future study, he made a short journey in the south 
of England and along the coast as far as Southampton, visiting Mar- 

giie (where he met with Gen. Benedict Arnold and family), Dover, 
astings, Brighton, the Isle of Wight, &c. 

In the autumn of this year he entered Guy's Hospital as dresser to 
Mr. William Cooper, then senior surgeon, by the payment of a fee of 
fifty guineas. His duties included the general charge of about forty 
surgical patients, sleeping in the hospital for a week at a time in turn 
with the other dressers. Mr. Cooper, who was quite old and already 
contemplating an early retirement from active professional life, made 
only two regular visits weekly, leaving the patients in the mean time 
pretty much to the direction of his assistants. The next summer Mr. 
Cooper resigned his position in the hospital, and was succeeded as 
surgeon and lecturer by his nephew, Mr. Astley Cooper, to whom 
Warren became deeply attached on account of his constant and kind 
attentions. The daily routine of hospital life afforded few incidents 
that have been remembered, the time of the student being divided 
between the practical duties of the ward and the study of anatomy and 
surgery by lectures and dissections. Dining out on Saturday or Sun- 
day, and an occasional visit to the theatre to witness the sublime per- 
sonations of Siddons and Kemble, were the chief recreations admitted 
in the brief intervals of professional study. 

An adventure which occurred at this time is related by Dr. Warren 
in his " Biographical Notes," and is perhaps worthy of repetition as 
illustrating the interest he always manifested in public affairs, and es- 
pecially his lively sympathy for the oppressed or suffering masses of 
the people : — 

" One evening '' he says, " in going from my lodgings to the West 
End of the town, I fell in with a mob, which was raised on account of 
a scarcity of bread. Instead of keeping clear of it, as would have 
been wise, I entered into it, and talked with the people, to ascertain 
what their views and objects were. At this time, a charge was made 
upon the mob by a body of dragoons ; and every one was obliged to 
save himself as he could. This attack irritated me among others ; 
and we rallied, and made preparations for defence. Soon after, we 
were assailed by a body of police. Sympathizing with the people, 
who were in a state of starvation, and irritated by the attacks, I got 
on the edge of the sidewalk, and began to address the crowd on their 
unhappy condition. They were highly delighted to find a person, 
dressed like a gentleman, haranguing in their favor ; and loudly cheer- 
ed, and demanded a repetition of the harangue.^ At this moment, a 



1865.] Memoir of John CoUins Warren, M.D. 8 

gentleman spoke to me, drew mc aside, and represented the dange- 
rona posidon I was taking ; and that, although the people were in a 
safiering state, they were not likely to get any remedy in this way. 
I readily understood this, of course ; and, having no ^eat desire to 
be apprehended as the leader of a mob, I walked off with him in the 
direction I had been going ; and he, having ascertained what course 
I was taking, offered to show me the way ; for it so happened, that, 
in following the mob, I had been drawn entirely away from the usual 
roate from the east to west, into the complicated streets and lanes of 
the northern part of London. However, this gentleman went with 
me a good distance, told me he was an officer in the array, that he had 
no connection with the police, and that his speaking to me was acci- 
dental. I then as freely told him who I was, and made him under- 
stand I had no desire to overturn the British government. By a long 
and perilous route, I reached my destination, and walked back to the 
borough the same evening." 

Among the friendships formed at this time, that of Dr. Wm. Roots, 
of Kingston on Thames, then a fellow student and dresser^ was espe- 
cially valued, and the very pleasant relations which subsisted between 
them are attested by many letters which are still preserved. 

While in London he lived in the usual manner of medical students, 
at a cork-cutter's house in St. Thomas's street. Borough, close to the 
hospital, occupying two rooms in the third story, and taking his 
meals, which were provided by the landlady, in his own sitting-room 
— a style of living not materially different from that of a medical stu- 
dent in London at the present time. 

In the autumn of 1800, having completed his year at Guy's Hospi- 
tal, he left London for Edinburgh, travelling in a post-chaise and visits 
in^ many places of interest on the route. Arrived in Edinburgh he 
took lodgings in the Old Town, occupying a large room on the sixth 
story and living much as in London. 

The plan of study in Edinburgh at this time closely resembled that 
adopted in our own medical schools during the winter session : — ^viz., 
lectores and hospital visits from 9 A.M., to 2 P.M., with the after- 
noon free for private study and necessary recreation. Among the 
distinguished lecturers whom he followed were Dr. Gregory on medi- 
cine. Dr. Hope on chemistry, and John and Charles Bell and Munro 
on anatomy, physiology, and surgery. 

After spending half a year in a very profitable course of study in 
Edinburgh, he sailed, on the 4th of June, 1801, for Rotterdam, an<f 
▼inted the principal cities of Holland and Belgium. From Brussels 
he travelled by Diligence to Paris, being compelled to take this some- 
what circuitous route on account of the war between England and 
Prance. 

In Paris he resided in the household of the celebrated Dubois, after- 
wards Baron, then sole surgeon to the Clinique de I'Ecole dc M^de- 
cine. From the great influence of this distinguished man he derived 
many important advantages in the way of forming acquaintances and 
in increased facilities for study. 

His chief pursuits in Paris were chemistry, under Vauquelin, and 
anatomy witn Bibes, ,Chaussier, and Dupuytren, the latter not yet 
known tov&mo. These courses, together with scientific lectures at 



4t Memoir of John CoUim Wcaren, JU?. [January, 

the Jardin des Plantes Mid the daily visits to the hospitals, occupied 
him somewhat more than a year ; and at the end of the next summer 
he returned to London, where, after a short visit, he embarked for 
New York on the 17th of October, 1802. 

Upon his return home a large practice almost immediately devolved 
upon him, owing in part to the ill health of his father. Dr. John War^ 
ren, who had been for many years the leading practitioner in Boston. 
He acted also, during the next winter, as prosector to his father for 
the anatomical lectures in Cambridge. 

Nov. 17th, 1803, after an engagement of six months, he married 
Susan Powell Mason, daughter of lion. Jonathan Mason, of Boston. 
For a time he resided on Tremont street, in a house belonging to Mr. 
Samuel Eliot, where the Pavilion now stands, and in 1805 removed to 
the house in Park street, which he occupied during the remainder of 
his life. 

During this year he gave a course of public demonstrations in ana* 
tomy to a large class composed principally of the younger members 
of the medical profession in Boston and vicinity. He also took an 
active interest in the Massachusetts Medical Society, and superin* 
tended, with Dr. James Jackson, the publication of its proceedings. 
During the next four years he contributed several important papers, 
and was also co-editor, with Dr. Jackson, of the Pharmacopoeia, pub- 
lished by the Society in 1808. 

In 1806, he was appointed adjunct professor of anatomy and sur- 
gery in Harvard University, and for several years lectured in Cam- 
bridge to the medical students. By the removal of the Medical School 
to Boston in islo, the labors of the professors were materially light- 
ened, and in 1815 the School was established upon a much enlarged 
scale by the acquisition of a new building and the accession of several 
additional professors. The death of Dr. John Warren in April, 1815, 
a few months before the completion of the new college, had left vacant 
the chair of anatomy and surgery, which was however promptly filled 
by the election of his son ; Dr. James Jackson had been previously 
appointed professor of the theory and practice of medicine as succes- 
sor to Dr. Benjamin Waterhouse ; and the duties of the old professor- 
ship of chemistry and materia medica, which had been peiformed by 
Dr. Aaron Dexter, with Dr. John Gorham as adjunct, were divided 
between Dr. Gorham as professor of chemistry, and Dr. Jacob Bige- 
low as professor of materia medica : Dr. Walter Channing was also 
/ippointed to the new department of obstetrics. 

Clinical instruction in medicine and surgery had been g^ven for se- 
veral years at the City Alms House in Leverett street, by Drs. James 
Jackson and J. C. Warren, who attended gratuitously for the privilege 
of exhibiting the cases to the medical class. The resources of the 
Alms House were, however, manifestly insufficient for the proper care 
of very sick persons, and the need of a liberally endowed hospital had 
become urgent. After the removal and reorganization of the Medical 
School, Drs. Warren and Jackson set themselves earnestly at work 
to interest the public in this important undertaking, with what suc- 
cess is shown from the fact that in 1818, when the building was com- 
menced, more than $150,000 had been collected for the purpose from 
various sources. On the 8d of September, 1821, the hospital was 
opened for the reception of patients, under the professional charge 



1 



I8M*] JftMir ^JoKh CMki Warren, M.IX 8 

of DfB, Jadnon and Warren, who had been appointed four years b^ 
lore to the responsible positions of physician and surgeon. 

Dr. Warren's practice, which was very large almost from the begin- 
mng*, gpradnaily improved in quality, so that on the death of his father 
in 1815, he was already one of the leading practitioners of the town, 
and without a competitor as a surgeon. Uis accession therefore to 
the chair of anatomy and surgery, and his appointment as surgeon to 
the hospital, are to be viewed rather as a spontaneous recognition of 
his especial fitness than as the result of any choice between the 
claims of rival candidates. 

Another event, which occurred in 1818, shows the enviable reputa- 
tion to which he had already attained with his medical brethren in 
other parts of the country. Early in that year Dr. Caspar Wistar, of 
Philadelphia, died, leaving vacant the chair of anatomy in the Univer^ 
sitj of Pennsylvania, then as now the most celebrated school of medi- 
cine in America. Dr. Warren was strongly urged to become a candi- 
date for the place, but declined competing with his friend Dr. Dorsey. 
On the death of Dr. Dorsey, however, in the fall of the same year, he 
was ag^ain solicited in a manner even more urgent than before, and it 
was only after several months of negotiation which cost him, as he 
said, mach thinking, much writing, and much anxiety, that he finally 
returned a decisive answer in the negative. A similar invitation was 
extended to him in 1838 to become professor of anatomy in the Uni* 
▼ersity of New York. 

A Board of Consulting Physicians to the City of Boston was creat- 
ed in 1824, consisting of Drs. J. C. Warren, Aaron Dexter, James 
Jackson, Horace Bean, and John Gorham. To this Board many im- 
portant questions relating to public health were from time to time re- 
ferred, and some of their reports were drawn up with much care and 
exerted a deservedly great influence. One of the most important pf 
these reports is that on the cholera, made in 1832, and preserved in 
tiM sixth volume of the Boston Medical and Surgical Journal ; ano- 
ther, on the smallpox, in 1887, led to the abandonment of the then 
orevailing practice of removing all cases of this disease to a distant 
kospital or pest-house. 

Firior to 1812, there had been no Medical Journal published in Bos- 
Ion. This defect was supplied in January of that year by the appear- 
ance of the " New England Journal of Medicine and Surgery/' a 
quarterly publication, issued under the auspices of the Medici Col- 
lege, and edited under the supervision of its professors. The earlier 
nnbers, especially, contained important papers by Drs. Warren and 
Ja^son, and the Journal soon acquired a high reputation throughout 
the conntry. The subscription list was, however, at no time very 
hrge, and in 1828 the Journal was merged in the weekly "Boston 
Mfdical and Surgical Journal," of which Dr. Warren assumed the du- 
ties of editor, assisted by Dr. John Ware, who had been with Dr. 
Oanning joint editor of the New England Journal. Affcer a year 
ir two, it was found that the expense of publishing this Journal 
acceded the income from subscribers, and it was given up to the pub- 
iaher, by whom it has since been conducted. 

As illustrating the systematic division of his time, for which Dr. 
Warren was always distinguished, a brief account may be given of 
lis daily routine of labor in the year 1828, when, in addition to the 

Voi^ XIX. 1* 



( Memmr of John ColUm Warrm, M.D. [Jaanarjr, 

▼aiied duties of active practice, he filled the chair of anatomy and 
iurgery in the College, was surgeon in chief to the Hospital, and 
performed the arduous labor of editing a weekly professional jour- 
nal. At this period he rose in winter and brcs^fasted by candle- 
light, and went directly out to visit his patients until one ; except 
during the lectures, when he passed usually two hours at the Medical 
College. From one to two he received patients at his house. lie de- 
voted about twenty minutes to his dinner ; after which he retired to 
his room for an hour. In the latter part of the afternoon he visited 
such patients as required a second visit, and then took a cup of tea 
in his study at seven ; after which he wrote and worked often, if not 

generally, until two in the morning. The greater part of this time 
e devoted to the " Medical Journal," preparing the Hospital Re- 
cords, selecting extracts from foreign journals, and writing original 
articles. 

Dr. Warren became early interested in the temperance movement 
and in physical education. In his lectures to the students in Cam- 
bridge he had been accustomed to dwell upon the great importance of 
physical exercise in developing the organic structure of the body, as 
well as its necessity for maintaining it in a normal state of vigor; 
This led to the establishment of a Gymnasium in connection with the 
University, which flourished for a time, and is now again, after a lapse 
of many years, in successful operation. About the year 1826, a so- 
ciety for establishing a Gymnasium was formed in Boston, and Dr. 
Warren was chosen president. A Gymnasium upon a large scale 
was opened in the " Washington Gardens," on the comer of Tremont 
and West streets, and was attended by a large number of gentlemen 
of the different professions. The contagion spread rapidly, and smaller 
establishments of a similar character were formed throughout many 
parts of the country, but the enthusiasm with which the new idea was 
at first hailed, gradually abated. In August, 1830, Dr. Warren ddi- 
vered an address upon " Physical Education," before a convention of 
teachers and friends of education, which formed the basis of a little 
work "On the Preservation of Health," which he published in 1840, 
and which has had a very extensive circulation. 

In 1827 he joined the Temperance Society, of which his father, Dr. 
John Warren, had been vice president in 1813. He was ever a zeal- 
ous advocate of temperance, and, a few years after his return from 
his second visit to Europe, gave up entirely the use of even the lighter 
wines except as an article of medicine. In his " Biographical Notes " 
he observes, " On the whole, I can with confidence say, that, if I had 
never tasted wine, my life would have been more healthy, and longer, 
and more comfortable. The efibrts which I have been called to make 
in the temperance reformation, operating, as they have done, more ex- 
tensively on the prosperity and happiness of the community, are a 
source of more satisfaction than any other labors. Probably my other 
occupations might have been as well or better performed by some one 
else ; but perhaps it would have been difficult to find another person 
who would have been willing to undergo the opposition, ridicule, la- 
bor and expense in the cause of temperance." 

Dr. Warren was one of the first members, and for many years an 
active officer of St. Paul's Church, which he joined in 1820. As a child 
he bad attended with his father's family at the churoh in Brattle street. 



1S6&] Mmmr i/J<M CoUuu Warrm, MJk T 



strictlj Galvinistie in creed. For a few years after his marria^ 
he attended the " Old Brick," or First Church, which then stood npoo 
the present site of Joy's Building, nearly opposite the head of State 
aireet. On the death of the pastor, Rev. Wm. Emerson, he returned 
to Brattle street, then under the pastoral charge of Mr. Buckminster. 
After the death of this gentleman and the resignation of his successor, 
Mr. Edward Everett, who was called to the professorship of Greek in 
Harvard College, Dr. Warren was led to make a careful study of theo* 
logy, and having decided in favor of the Trinitarian doctrine, waa 
natarally led to attach himself to the new organization of St. Paul's. 
He took an active part in all the affairs of the chui'ch, and was for 
seventeen years one of the wardens ; he continued a member of the 
vestry until removed by death. 

In 1823, Dr. Warren purchased three acres of land, including the 
top of Bunker Hill, where the action of June 17, 1176, was fought, 
with the view to the- erection of a monument to commemorate that 
event. A large sum was raised by subscription, and advantage waa 
taken of the visit of Lafayette to this country to lay the comer stone. 
Aa chairman of the building committee, Dr. Warren devoted much 
time and labor to the work, and at one time became, with Col. Per* 
kins, Wm. Sullivan, and Amos Lawrence, jointly responsible for the 
soin of 32,000 dollars for the advancement of the building. The two 
l»as8 field pieces, the ** Hancock " and " Adams," now in the cham- 
ber near the summit of the Monument, were procured by Dr. Warren 
in 1825, from the Commonwealth, and were presented to the Bunker 
Hill Monument Association on the completion of the structure, in 
1842. 

In 1837, Dr. Warren published his " Surgical Observations on Tu* 
mors/' an illustrated octavo volume of over six hundred pages, which 
waa the first extensive work of the kind ever published, if we except 
the collection of cases by John Bell, published in his " Principles of 
Sur^ry.'' This work was favorably noticed by the principal medi- 
cal journals in this country and in Great Britain. Of the cases which 
form the subject of the ** Observations," a notice in the " British and 
Foreign Medical Review," then under the editorial charge of Dr., 
DOW Sir John Forbes, contains the following remarks, which are alike 
commendatory of the work and complimentary to the author : — " Clear, 
simple, and graphic, they bear the unafiected impress of truth ; and re- 
port, with manifest candor and honesty, as medical writings ought, the 
opinions that influenced the treatment, and the motives that guided 
the surgeon in performing or abstaining from operations. In fact, 
thronghout the work, the author proves himself to be a worthy disci- 
ple of the school in which he received his early instructions ; and 
which, connected as it is with the names and celebrity of Cooper, 
Biig^ht, and others of hardly less eminence, he seems proud to ao- 
knowledge as his alma mater. And surely that school need be no less 

Coud to claim him as a pupil. And we believe there are few mem<- 
rs of our profession who are more entitled to the consideration of 
his brethren than Dr. Warren. Distinguished as a zealous and suCi* 
cessful teacher for the last thirty years, foremost in every undertakr 
ing calculated to improve medical literature and science, and never 
weary in the cause of benevolence, he has earned for himself in his 
native country a r€q[>atation of the xaoat enviable kind, and to whicb 



t Memoir ofJt^ Collins Warrm, M.D. [Jatmary, 

mere literary di8tinctio&, more especially in foreigpi cotmtries, can add 
but little of value." 

On the 12th of June, of this year, he sailed for Europe from New 
York, in company with about uiirty passengers ; among them Louifl 
Napoleon Bonaparte, now Emperor of the French. This journey was 
undertaken mainly for relaxation and for the gratification of his family, 
several members of which accompanied him ; but he also labored to 
improve every opportunity of procuring such information as could be 
made available on his return home. Of this tour, which was extend* 
ed somewhat beyond a year, he has left a journal, of which extracts 
are published in the " Autobiography.'' 

On his return from Europe, mimediately upon his landing in New 
York, Dr. Warren was solicited to accept the oflfice of professor of 
anatomy in the University of New York. Many important induce- 
ments were ofiered, but the same reasons which early in life had led 
him to decline a similar position in Philadelphia were now equally de- 
cisive against this new proposal to leave Boston. 

At this time Dr. Warren commenced a domestic journal, which he 
continued, with but a few months interruption, throughout the remain* 
der of his life. Soon after this he seems to have conceived the ides 
of collecting materials for a biography ; he accordingly commenced 
two collections of memoirs, which he entitled " Biographical Notes" 
and " Surgical Notes," the former devoted to reminiscences of the 
earlier years of his life prior to the date of his "European Journal," 
the " Surgical Notes " consisting chiefly of recollections of eminent pro- 
fessional men and comments on their contributions to surgery, toge- 
ther with some brief statements of conclusions drawn from his own ex- 
perience. He also left a large number of records of cases which he 
appears to have kept originally with a view to publication, but which 
remain in too fragmentary a state to make it quite clear what parti- 
cular use he intended to make of them. 

In resuming the practice of his profession. Dr. Warren sought a 
partial relief from the labor of daily visits, but devoted himself with 
renewed energy to his duties as a teacher. He also engaged with in- 
creased zeal in scientific pursuits, and especially in plans for the pro- 
motion of the public welfare. At the very beginning of his profes- 
sional career he had been a prominent member of a society for the 
study of natural philosophy. In this society he once lectured upon 
the water of Boston, showing its many impurities, and its unfitness 
for many of the ordinary purposes of life. He availed himself through- 
out life of every opportunity of urging on the public the importance 
of an abundant supply of pure water, and had at length the high sat- 
isfaction of seeing, in the inauguration of the Cochituate water works 
in 1848, the consummation of this cherished desire. As a member of 
the Monthly Anthology Club, in 1803, he was for several years co- 
editor of the " Monthly Anthology and Boston Review," a magazine 
of which President Quincy has justly remarked, it "may be consider- 
ed as a true revival of polite learning in this country, after that decay 
and neglect which resulted from the distractions of the Revolutionary 
war, and as forming an epoch in the intellectual history of the United 
States." The labors of this Club embraced also the formation of a 
reading room, and subsequently a library for consultation in connection 
with it ; a modest beg^ning from which the Boston Athenssum had 



1S664 Memoir ^Mm CoOku Warrm, iLD. » 

te origin. A priyate society for professional improvement, and a.Fri* 
dajr-evening Club for social intercourse, in both of which he was se- 
conded by his constant friend Dr. Jackson, were also the theatre of 
frequent discossions of matters bearing on the general welfare. 

On the 7th of November following his return from Europe, Dr. 
Worren delivered the introductory address to the medical class, giving 
a general view of the state of medical science abroad. On the 8th, a 
Mblic dinner was given by the physicians of Boston in honor of Drs. 
Warren and Jackson, an event almost without precedent in Boston* 
A fall account of the incidents of this interesting occasion is preserv- 
ed in the Boston Medical and Surgical Journal, vol. xix. 

May 30th, 1841, he notes in his journal the severe illness of lilbts, 
Warren, who died on the third of June. He remarks ** the vacancy 
caused by the rupture of associations of thirty-eight years is greates 
than can be described." 

Daring the year 1842, he published a series of cases in the Boskm 
Medicai and Surgical Journal, one of which, " on the removal of the 
npper jaw-bone for malignant disease," also appeared in the American 
JcumeU of the Medical Sciences, He also wrote, during the following 
tibree or four years, a number of important papers for the Boai. Mea; 
and Surg, Journal, the Am. Jour, of 0ie Med. Sciences, and for tto 
London Medico- Ghirurgical Transactions, 

In November, 1846, the Medical College having outgrown its build? 
ing, in Mason street, was ren^oved to its present site in North Grove 
street ; and in December of the next year, Dr. Warren presented to 
the University the magnificent museum of anatomy which he had ool- 
lecfced for the illustration of his lectures, and which now bears hia 



On the 16th of October, 1846, at the Massachusetts General Hospir 
tal, Dr. Warren performed the first surgical operation upon a patient 
previously rendered insensible to pain by the inhalation of ether. 

In February, 1847, he resigned the chair of anatomy and surgeiy 
in the College, and on the 2d of March, delivered his farewell leo« 
tare to the medical class. 

May 6th, 1847, Dr. Warren was elected president of the Boston 
Society of Natural History, a choice, as he says, quite unexpected. 
The year before, he had the' good fortune to procure, by purchase, the 
beat and most perfect Mastodon skeleton yet discovered, an acquiai-i 
lion which afforded the opportunity, and in fact imposed the duty, of 
a earefnl anatomical description of that wonderful animal. The skele^ 
fcHi was set up in Boston and exhibited to the public for several days, 
after which it was removed to the Medical College in Mason street, 
sad finally to the fire-proof building of the Warren Museum of Nati»^ 
nl History in Chestnut street, where it is now preserved. He also 
pvchased several other collections of mastodon bones, including one 
of the Peale skeletons which had belonged to the museum at Balti* 
nore. With these materials before him, and with the additional meana 
«f comparison furnished by the Cambridge skeleton and crania, and by 
three fine elephant skeletons, one of wMch he obtained by purchase, 
he proceeded to prepare a methodical anatomical description of the 
whole osteology of the mastodon, admirably printed and elaborately^ 
fflaatrated by lithographs. Of this magnificent work, Professor Owen 
~ i, in a private letter to Dr. Warren, '* The study of the rioh 



10 Memoir cfJohn Collins WcarreHj M.D. [Janoaiy, 

series of facts contributed by your personal and original observatioiM 
to the natural history of the Mastodon OigarUeus has afforded me the 
highest satisfaction ; and the profound learning on the subject which 
the references to other writers manifest, places your monograph in the 
first rank of original treatises in pulcontological science.'' During 
the presidency of Dr. Warren he made many communications to the 
Society upon scientific subjects. The last of these, and indeed ihe 
last paper he ever wrote, was read before the Society after his^ death, 
having been completed but a few days before. Its subject was the 
anatomy of the argonaut, and was illustrated by the dissection of a 
beautiful and rare specimen preserved in spirit. 

In 1849, the American Medical Association held its third annual 
meeting in Boston. Dr. Warren was chosen president for the year, 
and in accordance with the custom of the Association delivered the 
annual address at the next ensuing meeting, which was held at Oin- 
cinnati. 

The next year he presided over a great union meeting of citizens at 
Faneuil Hall. 

December, 16th, 1851, his second wife, Mrs. Anne Warren, daugh- 
ter of Lieutenant-Governor Thomas L. Winthrop, whom he had mai^ 
ried in October, 1843, died. He felt her loss deeply, and his health 
was evidently much affected by it. He therefore undertook a short 
journey as far South as Richmond, from which he returned much bet- 
ter, but still subject to wakefulness and mental disturbance at night* 
He finally decided upon a short trip to Europe, and sailed June 18th* 
He met many old friends, and revisited many familiar scenes. After 
an absence of a little more than three months, Ibe returned much im- 

£ roved in health, and almost immediately resumed his duties ai the 
[ospital. 

February 8th, 1853, Dr. Warren mado his last official visit as at- 
tending surgeon to the Hospital, after thirty-one years of constant 
service. From this time his career as an active surgeon may be said 
to have terminated, although he still held the position of consulting 
surgeon, and frequently performed operations for private patients. 
After his retirement from active practice he devoted his leisure houra 
to scientific studies and to the enjoyment of the society of friends. 

In March he received information of his election as associate mem- 
ber of the French Academy of Medicine. 

Daring the year 1854, he published a small work of 52 pages, 8vo., 
on "Fossil Impressions;'' completed and published the "Warren 
Genealogy," a fine quarto volume ; reviewed the first edition of the 
*' Mastodon,'' and made some additions to be incorporated in a second 
edition. He also published a stereotyped edition of his work " On 
the Preservation of Health." 

In May, 1855, he published his last surgical paper in the Boston 
Medical and Surgical Journal ; it is an interesting and important case 
of " Section of the os Femoris." 

The early part of 1856 was occupied principally with scientific 
studies and investigations, and it was in February of this year that he 
procured the fine argonaut which furnished the subject of his last sci* 
entific paper. 

After February of this year he began to suffer severely from an in- 
flammatory affection of the right eye, which confined him to the house 



1M6.]' Ummr ofJf^ CoUm$ Warren, M.D. It 

during several weeks. In April, he had several attacks of dizziness, 
iMii was still able to ride out almost every day. On the 28th he rode 
U> Brookline, when he probably took cold, and suffered from chills 
aad severe pains. From that day he became gradually more feeble, 
but still reined to pass the whole day in bod. From day to day his 
mUength declined, and on Saturday, the 8d of May, his mind began 
to wander. He died the next morning, May 4th, 1854, at 3, A.M. 

The account of the last years of Dr. Warren's life would be incom- 
plete without some notice of the "Thursday-evening Club," founded by 
kim in 1846, and from whose meetings he scarcely ever absented him* 
sdf. The following brief sketch of the origin and purposes of the 
dob, is taken from the eloquent and feeling address delivered by the 
Hon. Edward Everett at the meeting next succeeding Dr. Warren's 
dee^ase: — 

** Dr. Warren, as you know, gentlemen, was the founder of the 
Tharsday-evening club, and in this character alone his memory invites 
oar grateful recollection at this time. From a paper written to his 
dictation about four years ago, it appears that he had, as long ago as 
die year 1844, been deeply impressed with the importance of bringing 
together persons of different professions and pursuits, to converse 
and communicate with each other on the scientific improvements of 
tiie day, and other topics connected with social culture and progress. 
Dr. Warren had been of opinion that there was a want of intercourse 
between the active and the professional, the scientific and business, 
dssses of the community ; and that if they could be regularly brought 
together in a firiendly circle, it would not only promote social enjoy- 
mmit, bat mutual improvement. He believed there was no city on 
tbm continent where ampler materials exist for an enlightened and in- 
lalligent society, and that they needed only to be brought statedly 
together. These views and feelings were communicated by Dr. War- 
ma to his neighbor and friend, the late honored and lamented Mr. 
Abbott Lawrence, who fully concurred with him, and avowed his 
nsdiness to take part with him, in forming an association like that 
prmposed. The plan was soon after mentioned to another neighbor 
iM friend, Mr. Francis C. Gray, who cordially entered into it. * * * 
• ♦ ♦ * * After two or three additional conversations with Messrs. 
Itfwrence and Gray, a meeting was called in concert with these gen- 
demen, at Dr. Warren's house, on the 27th of October, 1846. * * * * 
hom this time forward, for two or three years, the meetings were 
eotttinaed weekly. It was then judged advisable to have them once 
aflfrtoight, which has been the practice ever since. * * * * Dr. 
Warreir s paper closes with the following remarks : ' During nearlv 

~ : years the club has been in steady and harmonious operation. Much 
•eientific matter has been communicated in a novel and agreeable 
way, and much pleasant intercourse has brightened the long evenings 
if aotnmn and winter, without any organization but the appointment 
if a secretary.' Such, gentlemen, are the material portions of a pa- 
|ar drawn up by Dr. Warren, and perhaps read to the club some four 
«r five years ago. It gives an authentic account of the origin and 
fvogress of the association ; and if, in the last paragraph, we substi- 
tite ' ten ' years for ' six,' it relates our history to the close of ihe 
It season. It may be doubted whether there was ever an associa- 



li A Trecum Rcik. [January, 

tion, 00 large as ours, which has existed for so long a time, which 
has held so many meetings, and carried out the design of its forma- 
tion so efficiently, with so little of the ordinary machinery of a society. 
This result is mainly to be ascribed to the vigilant and thoughtful atten- 
tion of Dr. Warren, spontaneously bestowed upon the affairs of the 
club, and upon the simple arrangements necessary to secure a meeting 
once a fortnight, with some communication more or less formal, of a 
scientific or practical nature, for the instruction and entertainment of 
the members. '^ 

Dr. Warren made provision in his will for the preparation of a bio- 
p^aphy, for which he had been for many years collecting and preserv- 
ing the necessary materials. This work was entrusted to his brother. 
Dr. Edward Warren, and was published in 1860, in two elegant octa- 
vo volumes.* To this biography, and to the extracts from the journals 
contained in it, the writer is indebted for most of the facts, and often 
for the very language embodied in the present sketch. 



A PRECIOUS RELIC. 



The Bible of Gov. Wm. Bradford, printed in German text, 1692, 
containing names of generations of his descendants, and long soufl^ht 
by antiquarians, is now in the possession of Mr. Joseph Belcher 
Waters, of Sharon, Mass., of which he is the careful, vigilant and 
tenacious custodian, as were his father and grandmother Alice (Brad- 
ford) Waters before him. Mr. W. was bom June 22, 1804, the son 
of ZebulonW. jr., of Stoughton, (by his 2d wife, Lucy Belcher), who 
was b. Aug. 23, 1768, the son of Zebulon W. senr. of S., by his wife. 
Alice Bradford (b. Nov. 8, 1T34, published to him Mar. 14, 1767), the 
daughter of Elisba Bradford of Kingston, by his 2d wife, Bathsheba 
La Brooke ; Elisha was the son of Joseph Bradford of Kingston, b. 
1630, the youngest son of Gov. William Bradford. Through these 
six generations the Holy Book has descended, with the loss only of a 
few of the first and last loaves ; but the boards of the cover are 
gone, the margins worn down almost to the text, and the leather of 
the back rolled up, drawing the forward and latter leaves backward 
and rendering the volume, when closed, cuneiform. 

This Bible, which has edified and comforted so many saints, and 
which has such hallowed associations, might ere long be deposited, at 
least for safer keeping, in the Library of the New England Historic 
Genealogical Society, had they a fire-proof building for the security 
of their precious collections ; and may we not hope that some large- 
hearted friend to New England history and antiquities will come 
forward, like the ever-to-be-remembered benefactor of the Conn. His. 
Society, and supply the desideratum. 

Boston, Sept, 6, 1864. Abnbr Morse. 

* The Life of John Collins Warren, M.D., compiled chiefly from his Autobiosn^hy and 
Journals. By Edward Warren, M.D. Boston: Tidmor & Fields. 1860. 



1865.] Brief Genealogy of the Hutchinson Family, 13 



A BRIEF GENEALOGY OF THE HUTCHINSON FAMILY. 

[Communicated by W. H. Whitmore.] 

NoTwiTHSTANDmo the conspicuous part taken by this family in our 
Colonial history, very little has been done towards preserving its ge- 
nealogy. In the Register, i. 297 — 310, and in Brokers History of Bos- 
ton, will be found valuable notes, but these are necessarily defective, 
especially in regard to the latter generations. We have, however, 
been favored with a copy of a pamphlet written by Peter 0. Hutchin- 
son, Esq., great-grandson of Gov. Hutchinson, from which we have 
prepared the following account. 

The first of the name in New England was William Hutchinson, 
who came over in 1634, with his wife, the famous Anne Hutchinson, 
and several children. His father was Edward Hutchinson, of Alford. 
The family has been traced to Barnard* H., of Cowlan, Co. York, in 
12S2. From him, through John,' James,' and William,* was descend- 
ed Anthony* Hutchinson, of Cowland, who m. Bridget Coke and had 
eight sons. These were William,* of Cowland, who m. and left issue, 
Edmond,* Leonard,' John,* Francis,* Andrew,* Richard,* and Thomas.* 
The last named, Thomas,* was of Owlesthorpc ; he married and had 
William,^ who had Thomas,* father of Thomas,* who had Sir Thomas*" 
Hutchinson. This Sir Thomas*® m. Margaret, dau. of John Lord Bi- 
ron, and had John, the famous Col. Hutchinson, whose wife, Lucy 
Apsley, wrote his memoir. 

The brother of the first Thomas* H., of Owlesthorpe, Richard,* is 
supposed to have been of Wyckham, and to have been the grand- 
fitther of Edward, of Alford. This hiatus in the chain can only be 
supplied by an examination of the wills and records in England. One 
ai^gument is that the Governor's family possesses an old vellum paint- 
ing of arms, which the authorities of Herald's College think may be 
as old as the reign of Elizabeth, and the same coat of arms was grant- 
ed in 1581 to Edward Hutchinson of Wyckham, in Yorkshire. This 
Edward was either the one who settled at Alford or his contempo- 
rary. The Visitation of Yorkshire mentions Edward of Wyckham, 
apparently the recipient of the arms, but gives no probability to his 
being the one who went to Alford. 

At present we must consider the pedigree as ceasing with this Ed- 
ward, leaving it for other investigators to prove his connection with 
any other family of the name. 

Returning fVom this examination of papers kindly furnished us by 
A. Hutchinson, Esq., of Paris, and confining ourselves to the facts 
gleaned from the parish records by Peter 0. Hutchinson, Esq.^ we 
give the following results : — 

First Generation. 
(1) Edward* Hutchinson had the following children bom at Alford^ 



(2) i. William, bapt. 14 Aug., 1686. 
Vol. 



XIX. 



14 Brief Genealogy of the Hutchinson Family. [January^ 

(3) ii. Samuel, bapt. 1 Nov., 1589. [1613. 
iii. Esther, " 22 July, 1593, m. Thomas Rushworth, 1 Oct. 

(4) iv. John, '* 18 May, 1598. 

V. Susanna, " 25 Nov., 1599, buried 5 Aug., 1601. 

(5) vi. Richard, (an addition made by Gov. Hutchinson.) 
vii. Mary, m. Rev. John Wheelwright. 

viii. ? Susanna, m. Augustine Story ? {See after.) 

(6) ix. Edward, says Gov. H. 

Edward H. senr., was buried 14 Sept., 1631. 

At Alford also at the same date, was Christopher Hutchinson, who 
had Anna, bapt. 22 Oct., 1615. 

Also we find recorded the marriage of Susanna Hutchinson and Au- 
gustine Storre (i. e. Story), 21 Nov., 1623. The husband is no doubt 
the man who joined Wheelwright in his purchase of land at Piscata- 
qua, in 1638. It is almost indisputable that his wife was sister to 
Wheelwright's wife and to Samuel Hutchinson, another grantee. 

Second Generation. 
William' Hutchinson married Ann Marbury (whose father was a 
minister, says Gov. H., who adds that her sister Katherine m. 
Joseph Scott of Providence), and had recorded at Alford, 
(1) Edward, bapt. 28 May, 1613. 

Susanna, " 4 Sept., 1614, bur. 8 Sept., 1630. 

(8) Richard, " 8 Dec, 1615. 

Faith, m. Thomas Savage, c 163T. 

Bridget, " 15 Jan., 1618-9, m. Willis. 

Francis, " 24 Dec, 1620. 

Elizabeth, " 17 Feb., 1621-2, bur. 4 Oct., 1630-1. 

William, " 22 June, 1623. 

(9) Samuel, " 11 Dec, 1624. 
Anna, " 5 May, 1626. 
Maria, " 22 Feb., 162T-8. 
Katherine, " 7 Feb., 1629-30. 
William, " 28 Sept., 1631. 

Susanna, " 15 Nov., 1633, m. John Cole, 30 Dec, 1651. 
He came to Boston, and d. c 1642. His widow died at Wells, Me. 

(4) John' Hutchinson, of Alford, m. 1 Oct. 1618 Elizabeth Wood- 
thorpe, and had William, bapt. 17 Oct., 1619. He probably m. a 
second wife, Bridget,'and had WiUiam again, bapt. 1 Feb., 1627-8 ; 
Edward, 16 Aug., 1629 ; Elizabeth, 8 July, 1631 ; John, 6 Feb., 
1633-4, bur. 10th of same month ; John again, 29 Jan., 1634-5 ; 
Susanna, 25 Nov., 1636, and Emma, 4 Feb., 1641-2. 

(5) Richard' Hutchinson, of London, citizen and ironmonger, figures 
on our records, though there is no proof that he ever came over. 
When his son, Eliakim, was married here in 1668, his nephew, Ed- 
ward, made deeds for him, recorded Suif. deeds, vi. 5.* He died in 
1670 ; his children were Edward,' Ezckiel,' Jonathan,' Samuel,' 
[11] Eliakim,' William' of Jamaica, a son not named, and a dau. 
who m. Mr. Gray and had four children, of whom one daughter m. 
Soame Jenyns, another m. Mr. Soame, and a third, Mr. Holland — 

* Sayage raems to think that this ironmonj^r was the son of William ; bat as William 
had no gnindson Edward, the tenn " uncle " applied to Richard by Edward shows that the 
case was as is hero repreeented. 



(3) 



1865.] Brief Genealogy of the Hutchinson Family. 15 

at least so says Gov. H. Of these children, Edward' m. and had 
Richard,* of Knocklofty, Ireland, who d. 1760 ; Ezekiel* and Abra- 
ham,* who d. s p., and a dau. who m. Lorenzo Nixon, of Murray. 
Her dau., Christiana* Nixon, inherited her uncle's property and 
m. the Right Hon. John Hely, who took the name of Hutchinson, 
and his widow was made Baroness of Donciughmore in 1782. 
Her two sons inherited the title successively, and d. s. p., when it 
went to their nephew John, 3d Earl, father of the present Earl of 
Donoughmore. 
Of EuAKiic [11] we shall speak hereafter. 

Samuel' Hutchinson was of Boston, and d. unm. 14 July, 1667. 
Edward' Hutchinson was here, but returned about 1675 ; he had 
a son, " author of a History of the Indian War," says Gov. II. 

Third Generation. 

(7) Edward' Hutchinson of Boston, m. first Catherine, dau. of Coun- 

sellor Hamby, of Ipswich, 13 Oct., 1636. By her he had 
Elishua, a dau. bapt. 5 Nov., 1637, d. young, probably. 

iA XT lijon ( 1 Edward Winslow, 

10 Nov., 1639, m. -J 2 

(10) Elisha, b. 16 Nov., 1611. 

17 Nov., 1643, m. {J^— T^J^non. 

18 Jan., 1646, d. 
16 May, 1648, d. 
10 June, 1649, m. | J ^^^^'^ Codington, 

Hem. 2d, Abigail, widow of Robert Button,* and had 

Edward, b. Jan., 1652, d. 1692, unm. [Salem. 

Catherine, " 18 Feb., 1663, m. Henry Bartholomew, of 

Benjamin, " 22 June, 1656, d. 

Hannah, " 16 May, 1659, m. Peter Walker, Taunton. 

(8) Richard* Hutchinson was of Boston, admitted with his brother 

Francis to 1st Church, 9 Nov., 1634, and 28 Dec, 1645 dis- 
missed to Dr. Thos. Goodwin's church in London, when he dis- 
appears. 

Edward* H. was of Boston. 

Samuel* H. had a son Richard, and was prob. of Portsmouth, R. I. 

Fourth Generation. 
(10) Elisha^ Hutchinson, of Boston, only surviving son, m. 19 Nov., 
1665, Hannah, dau. of Capt. Thomas Hawkins, and had 
i. Mary, b. 11 Oct., 1666, d. 27 July, 1667. 

ii. Elisha, " 16 Mch., 1668, d. 18 Nov., 1669. 

iii. Elizabeth, " 24 Feb., 1670, m. Dr. John Clarke, and d. 

c 1730. 
iv. Hannah, " 20 Jan., 1672, m. John Ruck, & d. c 1740. 
V. Katherine, " 24 Feb., 1673, d. 26 July, 1673. 
(U) vi. Thomas,* " 30 Jan., 1675. 

• OoT. H. calls hi9 wife Abigail Dudson, bat £dward*d will mentions the children she 
had by ber ha«band, Batton, and her dan. Abigail m. Joseph Dadson; hence the mistake. 
tiM VM the dao. of widow Alice Yermaies, of Salem. 



Elizabeth, 


t4 


Elisha, 


b. 


Ann, 


bapt. 


William, 
Catherine, 




Susanna, 


4t 



!5{ 



16 Brief Genealogy of tlie Hutchinson Family, [January; 



11 



Moore, 



vii. Abigail, m. •< 2 Kellond, 

^ 3 Col. John Foster, 
viii. Mary, b. 30 Sept., 1676, d. 27 Nov., 1676. 

His wife died 9 Oct., 1676, and he m. 12 Sept., 1677, Elizabeth, 

widow of John Freke, and dau. of Major Thomas Clark. 
By her he had 

(12) ix. Edward,* b. 18 June, 1678. 

X. Mehitable, '* 6 Feb., 1679-80, d. Mch, 1679-80. 

xi. Elisha, " 16 May, 1681, d. at Surinam, 23 June, 1700. 

xii. Clark, " 4 July, 1683, d. 24 Sept., 1683. 

xiii. Samuel, " 22 Oct., 1685, d. 10 Dec, 1685. 
He d. 10 Dec, 1717. 

Fifth Generation. 

(11 ) Thomas* Ilutchinson, m. 24 Dec, 1703, Sarah, dau. of Col. John 

Foster, and had 
Foster, b. 18 Sept., 1704, d. 

Sarah, " 29 Mch., 1708, m. Rev. Wm. Welsteed, 16 Jan., 

1728. 

Abin-ail " 2 A.uff' 1709 m j 1 John Davenport, 24 Aug,, 
Abigail, z Aug., noy, m. I 2 Wm. Merchant. [1732. 

(13) Thomas," 9 Sept., 1711. 

John, (d. young, says Gov. IT.) 

Hannah,*' 1 Nov., 1714, m. Rev. Sam'l Mather, 23 Aug., 

Elisha, " 6 Feb., 1715-6, d. 2 Aug., 1739. [1733. 

Lydia, " 30 May, 1717, m. Geo. Rogers, 27 May, 1736. 

Elizab'h, " 14 May, 1723, d. 

Hawkins, bapt. 19 Feb., 1720-1, (d. young, says Gov. H.) ^ 

(14) Foster, b. 7 Sept., 1724. 
Edward, " 27 Mch., 1726, d. 1730. 

Of these children, Foster (14) m. 1750, Margaret Mascarene, 
and died in Nova Scotia, 1799. His children were: Foster, 
who d. 1815 ; and Abigail, b. 1776, d. July, 1843. 

(12) Edward* Hutchinson, half brother of Thomas, m. 10 Oct., 1706, 

Lydia, the other dau. of Col. John Foster, and had 

Elisha, b. 20 Feb., 1708, d. young. 

Lydia, " 26 July, 1710, 

John, " 27 Sept., 1711, 

Elizabeth, " 19 May, 1713, " 

Lydia, " 20 Sept., 1714, 

Edward, " 24 Jan., 1715-6, " 

Elizabeth, " 3 Mch, 1716-7, " 

S'ason,''} 18 Aug., 1718, " 

Sarah, " 12 May, 1722, d. unm. 

Lydia, " 2 Feb., 1722-3, d. young. 

Edward, " 8 Dec, 1729, d. unm. 

Elizabeth, " 1 Dec, 1731, m. 1757, Rev. Nathaniel Rob- 
bins. He d. Mch, 1752, leaving only three children — Ed- 
ward, Sarah and Elizabeth. The latter only has descend- 
ants.— (See Reg. I. 302.) 



1865.] Brief Genealogy of the Hnichintm Family. 17 

Sixth Obnebatiok. 
(13) Thomas* Hutchinson, the unfortunate Governor of Mass., m. 
16 May, 1734, Margaret Sanford* and had, besides 7 or 8 
who died young, 

(15) Thomas, b. 1740. 

(16) Elisha, " 24 Dec, 1746. 

Sarah, " m. Dr. Peter Oliver. 

William, " 1753, d.^unm., 20 Feb., 1780. 

Margaret, '' d. unm., 21 Sept. 1777. 

Seventh Generation. 

(15) Thomas^ Hutchinson (son of Gov. H.), married 10 Oct., 1771, 

Sarah, dau. of Lt. Gov. Oliver, and had 

(17) i. Thomas, b. 1774 or '5. 

ii. Mary Oliver, " 14 Oct., 1773, m. Wiiliam Sanford Oliver 
Oct. 1811, and d. 11 July, 1833, leaving issue. 

(18) iii. Andrew, b. 24 Mch, 1776. 

(19) iv. William, '' 14 June, 1778. 

He d. 1811. 

(16) Elisha^ Hutchinson, m. Mary, dau. of Col. Watson, and had 

Mary, b. d. young. 

Margaret, d. 1795 or '6, aged about 21. 

Elizabeth, b. 1809, d. 1823. 
George Watson, b. 1782, d. 1818. 

John, b. 21 Sept., 1793, m. 10 May, 1836, Martha Oliver 
Hutchinson, dau. of his own cousin. Rev. Wm. H., and had 
i. Judith Rogers, b. 28 Oct. 1838, d. 4 May, 1844. 
ii. Edith Martha, *' 3 '' 1845. 
iii. John Rogers, " 6 Mch, 1846. 
He was Precentor and Canon of Lichfield. He d. 24 June, 1824, 
and was buried at Tutbury. 

Eighth Generation. 

(17) Thomas' Hutchinson, barrister at law, m. 1799, Elizabeth Ha- 

gen, who d. 1808 ; and 2dly, Mrs. Tolfrey, a widow. By 
his first wife he had 
i. Thomas', b. 1800, m. Gertrude Tolfrey 1823, d. s. p. 5 Aug., 

1842 ; his widow d. 16 Sept., 1852, so. 49. 
ii. William* H., d. unm. 

iii. Frederic' Oliver, b. 20 Jan., 1804, m. 1st, 1 July, 1837, 
Mary H. Oliver, and had 
i. Leslie, b. 30 Sept., 1838, d. 30 June, 1840. 
ii. Mary, '' 20 April, 1840. 
iii. Thos. S., b. 20 Oct., 1841. 
iv. Frederic, " 9 April, 1844. 
V. Lucy, b. 24 Feb., 1846. 
vi. John Copley, b. 11 June, 1850. 

• The Govemor'B MS. shows that his wife was doubly related to him. Bridget, dau. of 
tbe Ut WiUiam Hutchinson, m. Got. John Sanford. Her niece, Susanna H., m. Nathaniel 
Coddlngton and had a dau. who ra. her own second cousin, Col. Peleg Sanford, Governor of 
R. I. Their child was WiUiam Sanford, whose dau., b. 10 June, 1777, m. Gov. Thomas 
HntchJiuon. He m. therefore his fourth cousin once removed. The other children of Wm. 
Saaford were Mary, who m. Lt. Gov. Andrew Oliver, and Griscida, who died nnm. 

Vol. XIX. 2* 



1 8 Brief Genealogy of the Hutchinson Family. [January, 

His wife d. 4 June, 1852, and he m.T3 Mch, 1853, 
Dorothea Lange, and had 
vii. Arthur, b. 2 Jan., 1854. 

viii. , dau., b. and d. 1865. 

ix. Herbert Waldo, b. 11 May, 1866. 
X. Edward, b. 5 Jan., 1858. 
iv. Rachel, b. 1806, m. Rev. William Hutchinson Oliver. 
Thomas, the father, d. 12 Nov., 1837, and was buried at 
Heavitree. 

PART IT. Descendants of Richard HurcraNsoN. 

We have already said that Eliakim* Hutchinson (11), settled at Bos- 
ton with his cousin. He married in 1668, Sarah, dau. of Henry 
Shrimpton, and had Richard/ b. 13 Jan., 1669, died soon ; Richard*, 
b. 18 April, 1670; Mary, b. 30 Sept., 1671; Sarah, 15 Oct., 1673; 
Abigail, 7 Mch, 1677 ; Eliakim, 3 Dec, 1679 ; Elizabeth and William. 
His will of 3 Feb., 1716, names only son William, grandson Eliakim 
Palmer, son of Thomas, and children of dau. Elizabeth Phips. 

His only son William (called by the Governor an ingenious son, 
who died about three years after him "), by wife Elizabeth, had Elia- 
kim, b. 5 June, 1711; Katherine, b. 6 Sept., 1712; William, b. 10 
Sept., 1713. His will, dated 20 Nov., 1721, proved 23 Dec, 1721, 
mentions his wife Elizabeth and seven children, adding to the three 
above named, Francis, Shrimpton, Sarah and Elizabeth. He also 
mentions his brother-in-law, Thomas Palmer. 

Of these, Eliakim married Elizabeth, dau. of Qov. Shirley, and had 
a son William, who was Judge of the Admiralty in the Bahamas, in 
1771. 

PART III. HuTcmNSONs of Salkk, Mass. 

Among the early settlers here was a family at Salem, founded by 
Richard Hutchinson It has been thought that he was identical with 
Richard, son of William, of Boston, who was baptized 8 Dec. 1615. 
This is evidently a mistake. On the Essex Court files, in the case of 
Cromwell w. Ruck, June, 1660, the deposition of " Richard Hutchin- 
son, aged about fifty-eight,'* was taken. This would make him bom 
in 1602, 13 years before William's son. The record of his cliildren 
also negatives the idea ; and lastly, we know William's son went to 
London, and we see no reason to believe he returned. Still we think 
from the family names that this was a branch of the Lincolnshire fa- 
mily, and we trust the connection will be traced. The following notes 
were prepared by A. C. Goodell, jr., from the Salem records. 

I. RiGHABo' HuTCfflNsoN, of Salem, b. 1602, by wife Alice (1 chh. 
Rec) [had land gr. 1637] and ch. 

2. Elizabeth, b. Eng. 1628, d. 24 June, 1688, 8b. 60, m. Nat. 

Putnam, b. 1621, d. 23 July, 1700, aa. 79 ; had 7 ch, 

3. Rebecca, m. James Hadlock, May, 1658, d. 3 Dec, 1687 ; 

had 3 ch. 

4. Mary [m. 26 May, 1657, Thos. Hale, son of Thos. and Ta- 

mosin H., of Newbury ; d. Oct., 1688, 8b. 55], had 8 ch. 
6. Joseph, b. 1633, m. (no name appears, but 

children given hereafter), had 11 ch. 
6. Abigail, bap. 25 Dec, 1636, m. Anthony Asfaby, had 2 ch. 



1865.] Brief Genealogy, of the HiUchinsM Family. 19 

7. Hannah, bap. 20 June, 1639, m. Daniel Boardman of Ips* 

wich, 12 April, 1662, had 6 ch. [MS. 

8. JoHX, b. May, 1643, d. about 2 Aug., 16T6 ; sic in Derby's 

V. Joseph, had oh. (9) Abigail,* bap. 26 Sept., 1666, d. young. (10) 
Bbthiah,* bap. same, d. single 1690. (11) Joseph,* bap. 
same time, d. May, ItSl. (12^ John,* bap. same, d. Mch, 
1746. (13) Benjamin.* Joseph next married Lydia, wid. 
of Jos. Small, n^ Buxton, and had (14) Abigail,* b. 14 
Jan., 1679. (15) Richard,* b. 10 May, 1681. (16) Sam- 
pL,* b. 9 Oct., 1682. (17) Ambrose,^ b. 4 June, 1684, d. 
Sept., 1767. (18) Lydia,* b. 13 Sept., 1685. (19) Robert,* 
b. 13 Nov., 1687, d. April, 1733. 

VIII. John,* m. Sarah Putnam, dau. of John and Rebecca P., July, 
1672, and they had 

(20) A dau. who m. a Whipple. 

XI. Joseph,* yeoman, freeman 18 April, 1690 ; adm. ch. DanverSi 
4 Feb., 1700 ; m. Elizabeth,? b. 1664, d. 21 Dec, 1700, ce. 
36. He d. 1751, u/ supra; they had children : 

(21) Joseph, b. 27 Jan., 1689, d. May, 1781. (22) Ruth, b. 
26 Feb., 1691, living 1766, m. Josiah Putnam. (23) Bethi- 
ah,* b. 24 Dec, 1693, d. 9 Dec, 1726 ; m. Benj. Putnam. 
(24) Ebenezer,* b. 20 Feb., 1694, d. 1776. (25) Elizabeth, 
b. 22 Feb., 1695, d. 18 Feb., 1702. (26) Elishua,* b. 14 
Mch, 1697, d. 1 Mch, 1702. (27) Jasper,'b. 31 Jan., 1698, 
d. 16 Feb., 1701. (28) Elisha,* b. Joseph,* m. 
2d, Rebecca Knight, of Topsfield, 30 Jan., 1701, and had 

(29) Elizabeth,* bap. 19 April, 1702, m. Benj. Buxton, 6 May, 
1724. 

III. John* was adm. Chh. 19 Sept., 1703, m. Mary Gould, 7 May, 
1694, and had children : 

(30) A sonb. 2 Sept., 1695, d. 1 Dec, 1696. (31) Mary,* b. 
2 Oct., 1696, d. Nov., 1780. (32) John,* b. 31 Mch, 1699, 
d. Oct., 1726 ; m. Abigail, dau. of John Giles, 17 Nov., 
1720, and had 3 children. 

(33) Abigail,* b. 17 Mch, 1702. Ebenezer,* b. 3 June, 1705, 
m. Mary Bound, 13 Dec. 1726, and had 2 children. John,* 
m. 2d, 4 Mch, 1710, Hannah Howard, and had (34) Eu- 
nice,* b. 9 April, 1712. (35) William,* b. 16 Jan., 1714, 
d. Oct., 1771. 
XIII. Benjamin,* was rec'd into Chh. 7 May, 1699. [He was the 
adopted son of Nat. InffersoU.] He m. Nov. 14, (1687 f), 
Jane Phillips, and had (36) a son about 1688. (37) Han- 
nah,* b. 7 May, 1692. (38) Benjamin,* b. 31 Aug., 1690, 
d. 18 Sept., 1690. (39) Benj.*, b. 27 Jan., 1694, d. Bed- 
ford, Mass., 1780. (40) Bethiah,* b. 5 Jan., 1696. (41) 
Nath'l,* b. 3 May, 1698. (42) Sarah,* b. 26 Dec, 1701, 
m. 17 Nov., 1725, Cornelius Putnam. (43) Bartholomew,* 
b. April 27, 1703. (44) Jane,* b. 1 Aug., 1705. (45) Is- 
rael,* bapt. 6 Oct., 1708. (46) John, d. 8 March, 1747. 

Benjamin's wife Jane, d. 7 1711, and he m. next, 26 

Jan., 1715, Abigail Foster, and had children. (47) Jona- 
than,* b. 18 July, 1716, d. 1768. 



20 Letter from Patd Dudley to John Chamherlayne. [January, 

XV. Richard,' removed to some part of Maine before 1738, m. Ra- 

chel Bance, and had children: (48) Stephen,* bap. 14 
Aug., in5, d. Windham, Me., 1788. (49) Lydia,* b. 2 
Sept., 1716. (60) Daniel,* b. 17 Aug.> 1729. (51) Jo- 
seph b. — (52) Rachel, 29 Sept., 1723. (53) Elizabeth, 
29 Sept., 1723— (twins?). 

XVI. Samuel is not to be found after his birth-day. 

XVII. Ambrose, m. June 24, 1709, Ruth Leach, dau. of John and 

Elizabeth ; she was b. 31 Mch, 1692 ; they had children : 
(54) Amos, bap. 10 June, 1710. (55) James, b. — died 
young. (56) Samuel, b. 24 April, 1714, m. Elizabeth Judd 
Nov. 13, 1735— had two children. (57) John, b. 5 July, 
1719, d. at Lyndeboro', N. H., May, 1789 ; had a son 

James. (58) James, b. died unmarried, Nov., 1752. 

(59) George, b. 1 Nov., 1730. 
XIX. Robert, married 27 Dec, 1711, Elizabeth, dau. of Jona. Put- 
nam ; she was born 2 Feb. 1687 ; they had ch : (60) Sa- 
rah, bap. 12 Sept., 1712, d. Dec, 1800 ; m. Wm. Shillaber, 
had 8 ch. (61) Robert, b. 16 May, 1716, d. before 1733, 
unmarried. 

Note. — It is said that Richard* m. 2d Oct., 1668, Susanna, widow of 
Samuel Archer, who so describes herself in a deed, 5 July, 1669. She 
seems to have died 26 Nov., 1674, and he had a third wife, Sarah, 
widow of James Standish, who deeds land, 2 April, 1685, recorded 
22 Sept., 1686. 

. The compiler would express his thanks to A. Hutchinson, Esq., of 
Paris, and Peter 0. Hutchinson, Esq., for the kindness with which 
they have furnished most valuable information for this sketch. 



LETTER FROM PAUL DUDLEY TO JOHN OHAMBERLAYNE, 

—1721-22. 

[Communicated by Wm. S. Applbton, AJf . of Boston.] 

[John Chambbrlayne, to whom the following letter is addressed, 
was an Englishman, educated at Trinity College, Oxford, and a Mem- 
ber of the Royal Society, of which mention is made. He translated 
various works besides the one noticed in the beginning of the letter, 
and edited several times his father's well-known volume, the Present 
State of England. He was " distinguished as a linguist,'' which is 
abundantly proved by the work of which Dudley writes, viz. '* Oratio 
Dominica in Diversas Omnium fere Gentium Linguas versa, &c. Ac. 
Ac. Editore Joanne Chamberlaynio Anglo-Britanno, Regiae Societatis 
Londiniensis & Berolinensis Socio." It was published in 1715, 
and Chamherlayne died in 1723 ; no second edition was ever printed, 
to my knowledge. It contains versions of the Lord's Prayer in about 
one hundred and fifty languages or dialects, including three of the 
Indians of North America. The one which displeased Dudley is 
described in the preface as, ** Yirginianam ex Bibliis Cantabrigise 
impressis.'^ 



1S65.J Isetter from Paul Dudley to John Chamberlayne. 21 

Of Paul Dudley, ample biographies may be read in various works. 
A notice of him with his ancestry may be fonnd in Reg. x. 388. He 
was one of the few Americans who have ever been honored with mem- 
bership of the Royal Society of London. He was elected in 1T21, 
Iiaving previously sent to the Society a paper on the method of 
obtaining Maple Sugar in N. E. Between that date and 1735, he 
commnnicated several papers, mostly relating to the Natural History 
of America, w^hich may be found in the printed volumes of Philosophi- 
cal Transactions. The paper which this letter probably enclosed, was 
read in 1722, and is " An Account of the Falls of the River Niagara, 
taken at Albany, Oct. 10, 1T21, from M. Borassaw, a French Native of 
Canada. By the Hon. Paul Dudley, F.R.S.'^ It is curious and inter- 
«8tfcg, as contradicting some of the exaggerations of Father Hennepin, 
and contains besides a description of Cohoes Falls, which Dudley 
himself had seen.] 

Dear Sib, 

About t^wenty dayes since I wrote a large Letter to our Brother New- 
man by Capt. Clark wherein I have taken particular notice of Professor 
Brandts noble History of the Reformation in Holland &c. and of 
Tour merit in translating it to which I shall add no more in this than 
to say how^ much our College is obliged for Yr. repeated Favours of 
that kind and that the book is making all the hast it can thither. But 
I believe his Excellency will arrest it in the way for his own reading 
on my commendation. I am mightily pleased to hear you think 
of adding to Your Version of the Lord's prayer and Hope to have the 
Honour of casting in at least a Mite into Your great and rich Trea- 
sury. But then it must be upon Condition or as Lawyers phraze it in 
their Conveyances, provided alwayes that in Your next Edition you 
doe new Eln^land and our famous Eliot justice in Expunging Virginia 
and make the title of that Version as it ought to be Nov-angli» Ex 
Versione Celeberrimi Elioti. I beseach you not to forget it. The Ver- 
lion I now send you has not the Conclusion of the Lord's prayer for 
what reason I know not, it is just as the Jesuit 'who is a man of some 
Learning rendrcd and Taught it to the Eastern hidians and You need 
not scruple to put it among the Number ; I shall Endeavour in a few 
Months to send you another Version in the pequot. or Mohccg Lan- 
gu^e. They are a considerable Tribe of Indians to the westward 
of l^ton as the Kennebcck are towards the Eastward. During the 
time our Indian Hostages and the Interpreter were at Boston I com- 
posed a small Nomenclature to which I have added some Remarks on 
the Indian Language with an Account of some of their manners and 
Customs with my Opinion of their Origine or first Migration. But I 
daxe not send it for fear You should first laugh at mc yourself and 
then expose me to others. I shall very speedily send the Society 
some curiosities of Our Rattle-snakes which I believe you have not 
Yet met with. But they are fi-ozen at present. I have lately been at 
Albany, which is a small City in the Government of New York and 
situated upon Hudson's River above fifty Leagues from the sea. You 
will easily find it in any Map of North America ; There I met with a 
French Trader and a Man of good sence Just come in from Canada ; 
he gave me a very particular acco't of the famous Falls of Niagara 
k assured me He had seen them at seaven difierent times. I have 



22 Early Marriages in Bradford, Mass. [January; 

chosen to draw it up in a paper by itself that so you may the better 
communicate it if You think it deserves that Honour ; I wish I had 
met with it before I sent You Kellugs Voyage to Missasippi that bo 
I might have Joyned them together. However this of Niagara may 
serve as an Appendix to that of Missasippi : as I remember I desired 
You to present the Latter to the society in Generall & in speciall to 
professor Halley. But whoever it was or wherever it is, this of 
Niagara must follow it. I shall endeavour to gratifie Dr. Mead with 
some of the poyson-wood. But as to More Experiments our People 
donH much care for making them, if I have not been particular eno 
in my acco't of that matter you must tell me what further satisfaction 
the Doctor wants. But in Generall as to its poysonous Quality %nd 
Operation viz by the scent and touching, I can have many decla- 
rations of it Offer'd upon Oath if need be. I am afraid I have tired 
you with this long Letter and Yet I cant put an End to it untill I have 
with abondance of Thanks and Respect acknowledge Your last kind 
Letter under Mr. Newman's Cover, & the many honours You are 
confering upon me & especially of allowing me to be Sr. 
Yr. mos affectionate humble servant 

Roxhury new Englarid, 20ih Jan. 1721-22. Paul Dudlbt. 

Superscribed — 
I Copy to Mr. Chamberlayne 

about Niagara and Indian Lord's prayer. 

1121 
J^uary. 



EARLY MARRIAGES IN BRADFORD, MASS. 

[Commanicated by Alfred Poob, Esq., of Andorer, Mass.] 

Concladed tnm Vol. zvUL p. 862. 

Eliphalet Rollins and Patty Sargent both of Bradford, Sept., 1782. 
Daniel Hopkinson and Sarah Richardson both of B., Jan., 1783. 
Jonathan Savory and Hannah Tenny both of B., March, 1783. 
"Abraham Foster of Topsfield and Abigail Ames of B., May, 1783. 
Samuel Wood and Lucy Russell both of Bradford, July, 1783. 
Rev. Caleb Jewett of Oorham and Elizabeth Bacon of B., Nov., 1783. 
Samuel Carleton of Boxford and Susanna Morse of B., Feb., 178*. 
James Greenough and Hannah Balch both of B., March, 1784. 
Phineas Carleton and Sarah MuUiken both of B., Aug., 1784. 
Asa Robertson of Boxford and Lois Hardy of B., Sept., 1784. 
Oapt. Jacob Wildman of Hampshire and Nancy Jennings of B., March, 

1786. 
John Lewis Elsars of Andover and Susanna Wool of B., March, 1786. 
John Marden and Hannah Coose both of B., March, 1785. 
Daniel Clough of Methuin and Abigail Atwood of B., May, 1785. 
Enos Carleton of Boxford and Elizabeth Burbank of B., Aug., 1786. 
Lt. Ephraim Emery of Newbury and Polly Russell of B., Sept., 1786. 
Joseph Danford and Elizabeth Barker both of B., Jan., 1786. 
David Marden and Molly Marden both of B., Jan., 1786. 
David Hardy and Elizabeth Hardy both of B., Feb., 1786. 
Day Mitchel and Susanna Greenough both of B., April, 1786. 



1865.] Early Marriages in Bradford, Mau. 2^ 

Benjamin Atwood and Polly Coleby both of B., Aug., 1786. 
Sam'l Adams of Rowley and Elizabeth Plummer of B., Aug., 1*786. 
Thoma s Sav ary and Polly Rollins both of B., Sept., 1786. 
""SfepteiTHirdy and Polly Joseph both of B., Sept. 1786. 
Daniel Richardson and Polly Morse both of B., Sept., 1786. 
Moses Sanders of Amesbury and Ednah Hopkinson of B., April, 1787. 
Nathaniel Mitchel and Alice Parker both of B., June 21, 1787. 
Joseph Chadwick and Mary Parker both of B., June 80, 1787. 
Reoben Hardy and Hannah Marden both of B., Aug. 16, 1787. 
Parker Hardy and Sally Lurvey both of B., Nov. 25, 1787. 
Andrew Peabody of Boxford and Molly Morse of B., Jan. 16, 1788. 
John Palmer and Sally Harriman both of B., Jan. 18, 1788. 
Ebeneser Kimball and Susanna Chadwick both of B., Jan. 1788. 

The above persons were married by the Rev. Ebenezer Dutch. 
John Mansfield of Salsbury and Anna Atwood of B., Aug. 19, 1782. 
Henry Hardy and Rachel Danford both of B., Oct. 24, 1780. 
Nfles Tilden and Rebecca Balch both of B., Nov. 26, 1786. 
Thomas Perkins of Topsfield and Mary Balch of B., March 29, 1786. 
Jonathan Nichols and Content Lapham both of B., June 11, 1787. 
Silas Hopkinson and Hannah Balch both of B., Oct. 11, 1788. 
The above persons were married by Rev. William Balch. 
Ephraim Wasson of Haverhill, N.H. and Judith Morse of B., Feb. 25, 

1788. 
Jesse Pearson of Newbury and Hitty Plumer of B., June 25, 1788. 
Xoyes Jaques and Polly Savory both of B., Aug. 2, 1788. 
Joseph Holden oflSteading and Jane Atwood of B., Aug. 30, 1788. 
James Cheyney and Hannah Boynton both of B., Sept. 9, 1788. 
Josiah Bacon and Abigafl Atwood both of B., Sept. 8, 1788. 
Moses Atwood and Polly Tenny both of B., Nov. 17, 1789. 
James Cristy of Marblehead and Abigail Balch of B., Jan. 22, 1789. 
Obadiah Carleton and Polly Hopkinson both of B., March 13, 1789. 
Eliphalet Rollins and Sarah Carlton both of B., March 24, 1789. 
Phineas Hardy and Rachel Hopkinson both of B., March 29, 1789. 
William Burbank and Hannah Atwood both of B., May 5, 1789. 

The above persons were married by Rev. Ebenezer Dutch. 
Noyes Ames and Rebecca Kimball both of Bradford, June 14, 1789. 
Benj. Savory and Judith Burbank both of B., Aug. 28, 1789. 
Ebenezer Hopkinson and Mary Smith both of B., Sept. 17, 1789. 
Simeon Hardy and Susannah Shaw both of B., Oct. 7, 1789. 
Joel Rogers and Betsey Greenough both of B., Dec. 18, 1789. 
Joseph Mitchel and Rebecca Parker both of B., Jan. 9, 1790. 
Samuel Qreenough and Hannah Burbank both of B., Feb. 2, 1790. 
William Latham and Rachell Parker both of B., Feb. 5, 1790. 

The above persons were married by Rev. Ebenezer Dutch. 
Jonathan French of Hopkinton, N. H. and Sally Stickney of B., Sept. 

8, 1790. 
Nathaniel Balch and Lucy Russel both of B., Oct. 2, 1790. 
Daniel Kimball and Polly Kimball both of B., Jan. 13, 1791. 

The above persons were married by Rev. Ebenezer Dutch. 
Daniel Carleton and Mehitable Oage both of Bradford, March, 1787. 
Ebenezer Webster and Betsey Kimball both of B., March, 1787. 
James Brown and Abigail Kimball both of B., May 9, 1787. 



Va Early Marriages in Bradford, Mass. [January, 

Caleb Norton of Newbury and Susanna Mulliken of B., Sept., 1787. 
Timothy Phillips and Deborah Buswell both of B., Oct., 1787. 
David Carleton and Martha Currier both of B., Nov., 1787. 
Ezra Trask and Betsey Buswell both of B., Nov., 1787. 
David Hills of Haverhill and Susannah Cole of B., Nov. 29, 1787. 
James Fry of Methuen and Phebe Campbell of B., Dec. 6, 1788. 
Alfred Messer of Methuen and Mehitable Kimball of B., Dec. 10, 1788. 
Samuel Air of Haverhill and Mehitable Mighill of B., April, 1788. 
Samuel Phillips and Mehitable Hagget hoth of B., Feb., 1788. 
Benjamin Kimball of Haverhill and Betsey Kimball of B., Feb., 1788. 
John Peabody and Alice Carlton both of B., Sept., 1788. 
Edward Kimball and MehiUble Chadwick both of B., Oct. 27, 1788. 
William Gage and Mehitable Kimball both of B., May, 1789. 
Richard Peabody of Boxford and Dolly Kimball of B., May 9, 1789. 
Joseph Moores of Haverhill and Tamer Alvord of B., Oct., 1789. 
William Sinclair of Blue Hill-bay and Polly Carleton of B., Oct., 1789. 
James Kimball of Bradford and Lucre tia Haseltine of Atkinson, Dec., 

1790. 
James Ordway of Haverhill and Polly Chadwick of B., March, 1791. 

The above were married by Rev. Jonathan Allen. 
Little Day and Sally Jaques both of B., March, 1791. 
Daniel Stickney and Sarah Balch both of B., March 10, 1789. 

The above persons were married by William Balch. 
Richard Pettengill of Methuen and Abigail Kimball of B., Sept., 1791. 
John Perry and Sally Woodward both of B., Sept., 1791. 
Timothy Hills of Haverhill and Betsey Lapham of B., Oct., 1791. 
Daniel Kent of Newbury and Elisabeth Day of B., April, 1792. 
Nathaniel Oage and Elisabeth Kimball both of B., May 31, 1792. 
Thomas Runnels of Haverhill and Lucy Lapham of B., Aug., 1792. 
Samuel Kimball of Boxford and Sukey Kimball of B., Oct., 1792. 
Amos Childs of Peckersfield, N.H. and Hannah Griffin of B., Jan., 1793. 

The above persons were married by Rev. Jonathan Allen. 
JtlQSes Savary and Suky Dutch both of B., June 16, 1791. 
Timothy Barker of Andover and Abiah Kimball of B., Oct. 26^1791. 
Benjamin Guild and Zilpha Hardy both of B., Nov. 1, 1791. 
Jonathan Jewett of Rowley and Hannah Hale of B., Nov. 17, 1791. 
Benjamin Balch and Susanna Norton both of B., March 29, 1792. 
Samuel Stickney and Polly Atwood both of B., April 29, 1792. 
Benjamin Greenough and Lucy Dutch both of B., June 24, 1792. 
Jabez Rollings and Lydia Harskell both of B., July 15, 1792. 
Samuel Adams of Bradford and Peggy Harriman of Rowley, Aug. 23, 

1792. 
Jacob Hardy and Hannah Hardy both of B., Nov. 3, 1792. 
Simon Hardy and Rhoda Hardy both of B., Nov. 27, 1792. 
William Carleton and Polly Stickney both of B., Dec. 27, 1792. 
Nathan Ames and Susanna Bailey both of B., Jan. 21, 1793. 
James Goodridge and Nancy Parker both of B., Jan. 24, 1793. 

The above and foregoing persons were married by Rev. Ebenezer 
Dutch. 
I the subscriber have returned a list of marriages until Jan. 24, 
1793. Benjamin Muzzt, Toton Olerk, 



1865.] The Last Survivor of the Wyoming Massacre, 25 

Mr. John Baptist Dermazer [Desmazes?] and Mrs. Lucy Amory both 

of Newburyport, Sept. 4, 1793. 
The above persons were married by Peter Russell, Esq. 
Hiomas Johnson and Rhoda Atwood both of Bradford, May 17, 1793. 
Andrew Witham and Mehitable Kimball both of B., May 28, 1793. 
Samuel Morse and Ester Betteys both of B., Aug. 18, 1793. 
Broadstreet Parker of Salem and Hannah Parker of B., Nov. 7, 1793. 
David Foot and Susannah Savory both of B., Dec. 16, 1793. 
Doct. BenJ.~TValker ofCIarendon, Vt. and Sally Muzzy of B., June 6, 

1794. 
Paul Parker and Betsey Young both of B., April 24, 1794. 
Samuel Balch and Betsey Savory both of B., May 5, 1794. 

The above persons were married by Rev. Ebenezer Dutch. 
Stephen Greeley of Haverhill and Betsey Balch of Bradford, May 7, 

1793. 
Samuel Hale and Rebecca Carlton both of B., May 7, 1793. 
Isaac Gage of Falmouth and Elizabeth Chadwick of B., Oct. 1793. 
Phineas Kimball and Betsey Kimball both of B., May, 1794. 
Amos Head and Mehitable, Hall b oth of B., June 1, 1794. 
Emery and Sally Kimball both of B., June 1, 1794. 
Ezra Back and Hanni^ Jaques both of B., June 15, 1794. 

The above persons were married by Rev. Jonathan Allen. 
Chevers Pecker and Betsey Curtis both of B., June 30, 1794. 
Abel Saunders and Hannah Wallingford both of B., July 13, 1794. 
David Richardson and Betsey Burbank both of B., Sept. 14, 1794. 
Barker Lapham of Bradford and Ruth Ohisimore of Newbury, Feb. 10, 

1796. 
The above persons were married by Rev. Ebenezer Dutch. 
Abel Kimball and Abigail Day both of Bradford, Sept. 15, 1794. 
Moses Greenough and Eunice Kimball both of B., Sept. 23, 1794. 
Ueut. Asa Gage and Polly Kimball both of B., Feb., 1795. 
Jona^an Payson and Polly Gage both of B., March, 1795. 
Nathan Kimball and Betsey Day both of B., Feb., 1795. 
Amos Kimball and Affe Hastings both of B., May, 1795. 
Mihill Gage of Bradford and Hannah Kimball of Mqthuen, Aug. 20, 

1795. 
The above persons were married by Rev. Jonathan Allen. 

Returns of all the foregoing marriages have been made to the Clerk 
of Sessions. 

Witness, Daniel SncKNEY, Town Clerk. 



The Last Survivob op the Massacre at Wyoming {ante, vol. xviii. p. 
205.)— The Waverley {Jif . Y.) Advocate of J au, 8, 1864, reported as then 
living in good health at Sheshequin, Bradford Co., Penn., Mrs. Lucy 
Gore, aged nearly 91 years ; who was at Forty Fort at the time of the 
capitulation after the battle of Wyoming. 

She was the daughter of Silas Gore, and married Avery Gore, son 
of Judge Obadiah Gore. At the time of the battle, she was five years 
old ; and she has a distinct remembrance of the event. d. w. p. 

Vol. XIX. 8 



26 Monumental InscriptiaHs ai St John, N. B. [Jantiaiy; 



MONUMENTAL INSCRIPTIONS Af ST. JOHN, NEW BRUNS- 
WICK, IN THE OLD CEMETERY AT THE HEAD 
OP KING'S STREET. 
[Communicated by Oeorob Chandleb, M.D., of WaroesCer.] 

Sacred to the memory of the Honorable James Putnam, Eiiqnire, 
who was appointed a member of His Majesty's Gomlcil and a Jn^tiee 
of the Supreme Court in the organization of the Oovenimeht of tiUs 
Province, at its formation, A.D. 1784. He had bieeh fOr many years 
before the war, which terminated in the Ihdependcnce of the United 
States of America, an eminent Barrister at Law, and was the last 
Attorney General under His Majesty, in the Ifete Proyince of Mas- 
sachusetts Bay. He died on the 23d day of October, A.D. 1789, aged 
64 years. In this vault are also deposited the remains of his wife, 
Elizabeth Putnam, who died on the 2d day of May, A.D. 1798, agted 
66 years. And of his daughter Elizabeth Knox, who died on the 
14th day of August, A.D. 1787, aged 18 years. And of bis son 
Ebenczcr Putnam, Esquire, a merchant in this city, who died on the 
3d day of April, A.D. 1798, aged 36 years. And of his Great Grand 
Son, James Putnam, who died on the'lSth day of January, A.D. 1825, 
aged 11 months. Vivit Post Funera Virtus. 

The above on red sand stone, mausoleum enclosed by an iron fence. 

The Dead, how sacred I Sacred is the dust, and sacred may this 
marble long remain, to the memory of John Murray, Esquire, who was 
born in Ireland the 22d day of March, 1720, and died in this city 
August 30, 1794. " Heaven gives us friends to bless the present 
scenes ; Resumes them to prepare us for the next. All evils natural 
are moral goods ; all discipline, indulgence on the whole ; believe 
and look I with triumph on the tomb." [Long time resident of Rut- 
land, Mass.] 

Thomas Murray, Esq., died 3d of May, 1797, in the 23d year of 
his age. 

Sacred to the memory of Amos Botsford, Esquire, bom at New- 
town, in Connecticut, the 31 st January, 1744. Adherence to his 
allegiance in the Revolutionary war forced him from his native home. 
He was appointed in 1782 by Sir Guy Carlton, an agent for the Loy- 
alists who were then embarking at New York to seek an asylum in 
Nova Scotia, and arrived at Annapolis with the first fleet in the au- 
tumn of that year. On the erection of this Province he represented 
the county of Cumberland, was elected Speaker by the first House 
of Assembly in 1786, and was afterwards re-elected by each succes- 
eive house until his death. Having filled that important oflSce thirty- 
seven years, he died on the 14th September, 1812, in the 69th year 
of his age. This Monument is the tribute of filial affection. 

On the south front of the same monument is. To the beloved mem- 
ory of Sarah Lowell, wife of the Hon. William Botsford, and daughter 
of the Hon. William Hazen, who departed this life May 4, 1850, 
aged 74 years. 



1865.] M0f^timejUal LucriptioM at St. John, N. B. 27 

On the north front of the same monument is, Ucre lie the remains 
of ELisa, daughter of the Hon. William Botsford, who departed this life 
Deceziiber 15, 1841, aged 24 years. In life beloved, in death lamented. 

The three above are on a very handsome light colored free-stone 
monument in the rural cemetery, about fifteen feet high. The re- 
mains were removed from the old cemetery at the head of Kings 
Street, St. John. 

On slate-stone slabs about] two by three feet, near the Amos Bots- 
ford lot, removed thence from the old cemetery, arc the two follow- 
ing under death's head, rays, wings and cross bones. 

Here lyeth the bodies of Col. Joshua Chandler, aged 61 years ; and 
William Chandler his son, aged 29 years, who were shipwrecked on 
their passage from Digby to St. John, on the night of the 9th day of 
March, 1787, and perished in the woods on the 11th of said month. 

Here lyeth the bodies of Mrs. Sarah Grant, aged 38 years, widow 
of the lat« Major Alexander Grant, and J^iss Elizabeth Chandler, aged 
37 years, who were shipwrecked on their passage from Digby to St. 
John, on the night of the 9th day of March, 1787, and perished in the 
woods on the 11th of said month. 

[Col. Joshua Chandler was a native of Woodstpck, Conn., Lawyer 
in New Haven, Conn,] 

In memory of Robert Parker, Esq., who from the first settlement of 
this Province held the office of Store Keeper of His Majesty^s Ordi- 
dance and Comptroller of His Majesty's Customs at this place, the 
duties of which he firmly and honorably discharged, lie died 15th 
July, 1823, aged 75 years. 

Sacred to the memory of William S. Oliver, who departed this life 
on the 22d day of Feb. 1814, aged 62 years, gj^e&ily beloved and 
lamented. He lived and died in the practice of doing justice, loving 
mercy and walking humbly before his God. " Blessed are the dead 
who die in the Lord." 

Be ye also ready. Dedicated to the memory of Mrs. Catherine Oli- 
ver, who died the 15th day of March, 1783, ae. 41, by her disconsolate 
Husband, William Sanford Oliver. " Blessed are the dead that die in 
the Lord.'' 

My confidence is in God. In memory of Thomas Bean, who died 
the 17th of November, 1825, aged 79 years. 

In memory of Ann, wife of Hugh Johnston, merch't, who departed 
this life Feb. 4, 1805, in the 44th year of her age. Hugh Johnston 
of Merryshee, North Britain, died 20th Nov. 1820, aged 74 years. 

Departed this life, respected and esteemed by all who knew him, 
Edward Sands, son of George and J. Sands, born in the State of New 
York, and died the 18th of Dec. 1803, aged 43 years, 5 months and 
20 days. " 1 shall not die, but live '' ; " yea, though I walk through 
the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil, for Thou art 
with me.'' 

In memory of Mary Black, wife of John Black, merchant, who 
died 30th July, 1799, in the 32d year of her age. Also her daughter 
Elizabeth, who died the 6th of April, 1798, aged 3 months. 

In memory of Elizabeth, relict of Latham Clark of Newport, Rhode 
Island, who departed this life on the 14th Oct. 1801, aged 81 years 
and 11 d»7«. 



28 Extracts /ram the Recoi'ds at TVoodbridge, N. J. [JanuarjTf 

Beneath this Tomb lie interred the bodies of Walter Chaloner, 
Esquire, formerly High Sheriflf of Newport, in the British Colony of 
Rhode Island, and afterwards one of His Majesty's Justices of the 
Peace for Kings County, in the Province of New Brunswick, who 
departed this life on the 16th day of November, 1796. Also of Ann 
Chaloner, his wife, who died on the 16th day of April, 1808. And 
of Elizabeth Chaloner, their daughter, who died on the 7th day, 1813. 
Also of John Chaloner, Esquire, late Register of Deeds for the County 
of Saint John, by whom this monument was erected, who departed 
this life on the Uth day of April, 1827. 

Sacred to the memory of Samuel Miles, late Merchant of this city, 
who died 18th March, 1824, aged 81 years. Stranger, pause a while 
and view the last earthly tenement of an honest man. 

In memory of Abigail, wife of Samuel Miles, who departed this 
life August 20, 1795, aged 35 years, 1 month and 22 days. 

Sacred to the memory of the Honorable Christopher Billop, a mem- 
ber of His Majesty's Council in this Province, whose uncompromising 
loyalty and distinguished exertions as a Lieut. Colonel in the royal 
cause during the American rebellion, obliged him, at the termination 
of that contest, to abandon with compensation his hereditary property 
on Staten Island, and retire with his family to this colony, where he 
has since resided u^iiversally respected. He died on the 28th day of 
March, 1827, in the 90th year of his age. 

Sacred to the memory of Christian Webb, who departed this life 
April, 1851, 8B. 66 years. 

Sacred to the memory of Chapman Judson, who died Jan. 28, 1817, 
in the 66th year of his age. 

In memory of Gloriany, wife of Doctor Azor Betts, who departed 
this life March 16, 1815, aged 68 years. 

Sacred to the memory of Mr. Thatcher Sears, who departed this 
life July 9, A.D. 1819, ce. 67. 

This monument is erected by his family in esteem for his Christian 
virtues and regret for the loss of a good and beloved parent. 

[It is said that he came from New York, and cut the bushes, at 
the foot of Kings Street, St. John, for ;the first settlement of that 
city.] 

Sacred to the memory of James Reed, Esq. who departed this life 
the 6th Dec. 1820, aged 63 years. 



EXTRACTS FROM THE RECORDS AT WOODBRIDGE, NEW 

JERSEY. 
[Comronnicated by W. A. Whitehead, of Newark.] 

1. Odadiah Ayres and Hannah had a son b. Oct. 1670 ; a son b. 4 
Apr. 1674 ; Thomas, b. 17 Dec. ; d. 3 Oct. 1676 ; Mary, b. Feb. 1680, 
d. 23 Feb. 1698-9 ; Sarah, b. 13 Apr. 1688, d. 8 Nov. 1688 ; a dau. 
(? Sarah) b. 7 Sept. 1685. He d. 14 Nov. 1694; his wife d. 31 
May, 1689. 
[Note. This Obadiah was of Newbury, son of the first John Ayer, 



1865.] 



B0st(m Records. 



29 



aad m. Hannah, d^u. of Capt. John Pike of N. and Woodbridge. 
He had at Newbury, John, b. 2 Mch, 1663. He was no doubt father 
of Obadiah, John and Joseph, whose family record follows. 

w. H. w.] 

2. JoHK Atbbs m. Mary Walker, 24 Feb. 1689.-90, and had John, b. 
1 Apr. 1691 ; Thonias, 21 J*n. 1693 ; Patience, b. 22 Apr. 1697 ; 
F^a^ci)9, b. 15 Mcl^. 1698-9 ; Nathaniel, b. 4 Mch. 1100 ; Moses, b- 
3 Jan. 1706 ; A^pn, b. 14 July, 1708. 

3. Obadiah Ayrkjs m, Joanuia P 28 Apr. 1694, and had Hannah, 

b. 18 Jan. 16S4-5 ; Sarah, b. 8 Jan. 1696, d. 8 Jan. 1696-7 ; Mary, 
b. 23 Feb. 1698, d. 16 Nov. 1704; Rachel, b. 23 May, 1701 ; Oba- 
^i^h and Joanna, twins, b. 25 Dec. 1703 ; Robert, b. 18 July 1706 ; 
Mary, b. 29 Dec. 1708 ; Rebecca, b. 14 Nov. 1710 ; Benajah, b. 17 
Nov. 1715. 

4. Joseph Ayrjss 19. Ph^be Camp, 5 Jan. 1698, and had Phebc, b. 5 
Mch. 1699 ; Joseph, b. 18 Mch. 1701 ; Jonathan, b. 29 May, 1704 ; 
Pavid, b. 2 Jon. 1707 ; I^ebulon, b. 4 Aug. 1708. 

5. Samubl Ayrbs and Elizabeth had Rhoda, b. 12 Apr. 1700 ; David, 
b. 25 May, 1702 ; EHzabeth, b. 10 Sep. 1703 ; James, b. 2 May, 1706 
ogr 1716 ; Sai^uel, b. 2$ Oct. 1707 ; Rachel and Jacob, b. 19 June, 
1710 ; Benjamin, b. 31 Oct. 1712. 

6. Jo«N Atbbs m. Mary Creshaw, 17 Jan. 1716-17, and had Jolm, 
b. 4 June, 1719. 

7. Obadiah Ayres, jr. m. Elizabeth Compton, 15 Feb. 1716-17, and 
had Pai^ence, b. ip D^. 1717 ; Elizabeth, b, 28 Apr. 1720. 
[NoTB. She was prob. tt^ one who wa/s n^i^rdered 5 July, 1750 — see 

Whiteheftd'fl Baai Jersey, p. 318.] 



BOSTON RECORDS. 

[Continaed from Ydi, xviii. page 833.] 
Boston Mabbiag^s. 

Harding. Phillip Harding was mariyed to Susanna Haviland, 

Widdow, 23 August 1659. By Jo. Bndecott, Govern- 
nor. 

Paine. Thomas Paine was marryed to Hannah Bray, the Daugh- 

ter of Thomas Bray, of Newhaven, 25 August, 1659. 
By John Endecott, Governor. 

HolUngtoorih. Richard HoUingworth was marryed to Elizabeth Pow- 
ell, the Daughter of Mr. Michell Powell of Boston, 
23 August 1659. By John Endecott, Governor. 

MorreU, John Morrell, an Irishman, was marryed to Lysbell 

Morrell, an Irishwoman, the 31st of August, 1659. 
By John Endecott, Governor. 

Laughton. John Laughton was married to Johanna MuUings, Wid- 
dow, the 21 Sept. 1659. By Richard Bellinghai?, 
Dept. Governor. 
Vol. XIX. 3* 



[January^ 



30 Boiton Records. 

Busby. Abraham Busby was marryed to Abigail Brisco, Wid- 

dow, the 23d Sept. 1659. By John Endccott, Go- 
vernor. 

Fearse, George Pearse was marryed to Mary Woodhouse, the 

Daughter of Richard Woodhouse, of Boston. By 
Richard Bellingham, Dept. Governor. 

Miles, Samuell Miles was married to Elizabeth Davse, the 

Daughter of Francis Davse, of Boston, 16th October, 
1669. By Jo. Endecott, Governor. 

Oarreson. Edward Garreson was married to Joan Pullen the 29th 
August, 1660. 

Coale. Mr. Samuel Coale was married to Anna Keayne, Wid- 

dow, 16 October 1660. By Richard Bellingham, 
Dept. Governor. 

LaniberL Michaell Lambert was married to Elinor Farwell, wid- 

dow. 

Fortes, Robert Portis was marryed to Alice Greenwood, the 

3d day of November 1669. By Major Humphery 
Atherton. 

Fratt. Timothy Pratt was marryed to Deborah Cooper, the 

9th November 1669. 

WheeUr, Roger Wheeler was marryed to Mary Stone, Widdow, 

the 23d November 1659. By Major Humphery Ath- 
erton. 

Lewis. John Lewis was marryed to Alice Bishop, Widdow, 22 

November 1669. By Major Humphery Atherton. 

Cocke. Joseph Cocke was married to Susanna VpshaU, the 

Daughter of Nicholas Vpshall, of Boston, the 10th of 
November 1669. By Mr. Tho. Danford. 

Tewxhery. Henry Tewxbery was married to Martha Harvy, Wid- 
dow, the 10th November 1659. By Jno. Endecot, 

4 Governor. 

Hudson, Nathaniell Hudson was marryed to Elizabeth Alford, 

the Daughter of William Alford, of Boston, first De- 
cember 1669. By Mr. Tho. Danford. 

Smith. Samuell Smith was married to Susanna Read, the 

Daughter of William Read, of Boston, the 13th De- 
cember 1659. By Jno. Endecott, Governor. 

Norton. William Norton was married to Susanna Mason, the 

Daughter of Ralph Mason, of Boston, the 14th De- 
cember. By Jno. Endecott, Governor. 

Turell. Daniell Turell was married to Mary Barrcll, Widdow, 

the Daughter of Elder William Colebron, of Boston, 
and were marryed at Roxbery. 

Oarreston. John Garreston was married to Alice Willey, the 6th 
December 1659. By Jno. Endecott, Governor. 

Boyce. Mr. Antepas Boyce was married to Mrs. Hannah Hill, 

the Daughter of Mr. Valentine Hill, of Pascataque 
or Dover, the 24th January 1669. By Jno. Ende- 
cott, Governor. 

Dennison. William Dennison, of Pulling Point, was married to 
Mary Parker, 2nh October 1669. By Richard Bel- 
lingham, Dept. Gov'r. 



Boitm Records. 



31 



ises.] 

Dortjf. Edward Diirbj was married to Susaona IlQoke, the 

25th Janvary 1659. By Ri. BeUiiigbam, Dept. Go- 
vernor. 
ttgtm. John Matson was married to Mary Cotton, the Daugh- 

ter of SecVy William Cotton, of Boston, the Tth 
March 1659, By Major ETumphery Athertoii. 

Woitdward, Thomas Woodward was married to Mary Guns, the 7th 
March 1659. By Major IIurapLery Athertoo. 

Okmeni. Clement, A Negro servant to Mr. John Joylifie, was 

married to Mary, a Negro and servant to the said 
Mr, Joyliffe, 

Lfmdl. Joseph Lowell was married to Abigail Procter, the 

Daughter [of George] Procter, of Dorchester, 8th 
Mch, By Ilumpbery Atherton. 

Henrick. Daniell Ilenricke was married to Mary Stockbridge, 

widdow, 8th April! 1660. By Jno. Endecot, Gov- 
ernor. 

Srvwne. Mr, Abraham Browne was married to Rebecca Ysher, 

the Daagbtor of Mr. Hezekiah Vsher, of Bogton^ first 
of May 1660. 

Cope. David Cope was married to Obedience Topliffe, the 

Daughter of Clement Toplifle, of Dorchester^ the 20th 
of Feb. 1659. 

Adams, Henry Adams married to Mary Pitty, the Daughter of 

William Pitty, of Weymouth, 10th May 1660. By 
Mr. Richard Russell, Treasurer. 

IKlly, Isaac Willy was marry ed to Francis Burcham, the 

Daughter of Edward Burcham, of Linne, 8th June 
1660, By Major Humphery Atherton, 

Moore, Samuell Moore was married to Abigaile Hawkins, the 

Daughter of Capt. Tbo. Haw^kine, deceased 13th May, 
1660. By RichM Rti8«ell, Treasurer. 

Sahnon, Clement Salmon was marryed to Johanna Riland, the 

13tb June 1660. By John Endecott, Governor, 

WiiHatnB, William Williams was married to Johanna Linn, the 

19th July 1660. By Richard Bellingham, Dept. Go- 
vernor. 

Tudher. Peter Warren was married to Sarah Tucker, the Daugh- 

[Wdrren], ter of Robert Tucker, Living withio the Limitts of 

Dorchester, tlie first of August 1660. By Major 
Atherton. 

Iggteden, Richard I^gledcn was married to Aun Prince, the 19th 

July 1660. By Capt. Daoiell Gookin. 

SaifweU, David Saywell was married to Abigail Buttolpb, the 

Daughter of Thomas Buttolpb, 16th of August 1660. 
By Ri: Bellingham, Dept. Governor. 

Emmo7i^. Samuell Emmons was marled to Mary Scott» the Daugh- 

ter of Robt. Scott, deceased 16th August 1660. By 
Rich'd Bellingbam, Dept, Governor. 

Parker. John Parker was married to Mary Fairefeild, the 

Daughter of Daniell Fairefeild, of Boston, the 20th 

August. By Jno. Eridccot, Governor. 

Thomas Matson was married to Mary Read, widdow, 
14th August 1660, By Mn Tho* Danforth, 




32 AbstracU/rom Early Wills. [January, 

Hoeer, Richard Baser was married to Exercise Blackleech, tlie. 

Daughter of Mr. John Blackleech, of Boston, 24th 
of August 1660. By Mr. Richard Russell of Charles- 
towne. 

Frost, J^iJBpex Frost was n^arried to Elisabeth Wakefeild, the 

Daughter of Jpha Wakcfeil^, of Boston, the 20th 
August 1660. By Jno. Endecott, Governor. 

Hincksman, John Hincksman was i^^rried to Elizabeth Emmons, the 
Daughter of Thomas Emmons, of Boston, IQth Au- 
gust 1660. By Major Huniphery Atherton. 

Het, Eliphalet Het was married to Ann Douglas, the Daugh- 

ter of Henry Douglas, of Boston, the first of Sept. 
16§0, By Rich'd Bellingham, Dept. Governor. 

BuUolph, Thomas Buttolph was married to Mary Baxter, the 

Daughter of Nicholas Baxter, of Boston, the 5th Sept. 
1660. By Richard Bellingham, Dept. Governor. 



ABSTRACTS FROM THE EARLIEST WILLS ON RECORD AND 

ON THE FILES IN THE COUNTY OF SUFFOLK, MASS. 

[Prepared hy William B. Tbasil.] 

Contiimed tram ToL xriii., page 380. 

JoKATBAN Parkbanck. Juno 1, 1668. I, Jonathfin Farebanck, of 
Dedham, in the Countie of Suffolke, senior, being sick and weake, and 
expectiog that the day of my dissolution is drawing nigh, make thi^ 
my last will. I Giue vnto Orctce, my wife, all and Euery part and 
parcell of my whole mouable Estate whatsoeuer, as well within dores 
as without, namly, all my household stuffe, also, my Cattle, all my 
Come, carts, plowes, working tooles and vtensells of Husbandry, all 
debts due to mce, and whatsoever Else come within the denominatioi^ 
of mouable Estate. All vnto my said wife, to dispose of when and to 
whome sh^e shall at any time see meetc. I Giue to my said wife, an 
annucty of £8 p' Ann. to bee paid to her or her assignes to her vse 
yearely, in two equall parts, that is to say, at the end of Eueiy halfe 
TO.are, fowre pounds, during her life. To my said wife, the vse of all my 
Houses, yards and yard room, for her selfe and her cattle, her assignes 
and all her occations, for the space of fowre monthes next after my 
decease. To George Farebanck, my second son, and to his heires, 
forever, £16, the one halfe to bee paid him within the yeare next 
Ensuing after the decease of my wife. Whereas I haue already giuen 
and doe hereby Confirme to my sonn Oeorge, all that my part in the 
Generall diuident already layd out neere Meadfield, and some working 
tools, and such like small things, my will is, that the said parcell of 
Land and shop, tooles and other small things, soe giuen, shall bee all 
indifferently cmd Equally apprized, and if they shall together amount 
to the uailue of £8, then it shall bee accounted for his first payment. 
And then my mmd is, that my dau. Mary, shall haue her first pay- 
ment withupi 11^ first yearQ pf my wiues decease, otherwise shee i§ tQ 



1866.] Abstracts from Early Wills. 3S 

Uny tin the second yeare. 1 ^ue my dau. Mary, the wife of Chris- 
topher Smith f the sume of £16, which I giue to my said dau. distinct 
fit>m her Husband's Estate, and to bee alwayes at her dispose ; this, to 
bee paid in two Equall sumes, Eight pounds, in case my sonn George 
bee paid, within the space of one yeare after my wiues decease, and 
in case George bee not paid soe much, then shee is to bee paid her first 
payment within two yeares after my wiues decease. I giue to my 
said dau. £3, to purchas her a suite of apparreli with, to bee paid 
within the space of Three monthes next after my decease. To Jonas 
Farebanck, my third sonn, and to his heires foreuer, the like sume of 
£16, to bee also paid in two Equal sumes, the first £8 to bee paid the 
next yeare after his sister Mary haue receiued her first payment. 
Vnto Jonathan Farebanck, my yongest sonne, and his heires, the like 
some of £16, to bee paid also in two Equall sumes, the first halfe to 
bee paid in the yeare next Ensuing, after his brother Jonas is paid his 
first halfe. Whereas I haue already giuen, and doe hereby Confirm 
to my sonn Jonathan, one parcell of Land, uallued at £5, my mind is, 
that hee shall haue the same in part of his first payment aforesaid,and 
also what debt shall appcare then to bee due from him to mee, shall 
bee reconed vpon the same account. My will is, that when all my 
sonns and my dans, aforesaid, shall haue and receiued their first pay- 
ment in manner and time successiuely as is before Expressed, that 
then my sonn George shall bee paid his second £8 ; and then my dau. 
and soe in the same order. Jonas and Jonathan shall bee paid to 
them their heires or assignes, their second £8 Each, one yeare after 
another, vntill they bee all paid their full legacies. I Giue to Sarah, 
the Eldest dau. of my sonn John Farebanck, one yong beast betweene 
one and 2 yeares of age. And more, three pounds to be paid by my 
Executor when shee shall attain LawfuU Age. The yong beast 
before mentioned, I reserue out of the Cattle bequeathed to Grace, 
my wife. To my sonn in Law, Ealph Day, 40s., to bee paid with- 
in six monthes after my wiues decease. I Giue to Each of the 
fowre Children of the said Ealph, which hee had by my dau. Susan, 
his late wife, 40s., to be paid them seuerally, as they shall attain 
Lawfull Age, prouided all my other Legacies to my Three sonns and 
my dan. bee first paid, in manner as is above exprest. My will is, that 
all these my legacies, aboue bequeathed, the specie or kind of pay- 
ment whereof is not named, shall bee all paid in Currant Country pay- 
ment, at price the Current, in Deadham. To John Farebanck, my 
Eldest sonn, all my Houses and Lands whatsoeuer and not being for- 
merly aboue in this my will disposed of, together with all my Com- 
mon Rights and Towne priuelcdges whatsoeuer, to him and his heires 
forcoer, to enter vpon all my Lands forthwith after my decease. And 
all my houses and yards, at the End of 4 monthes next Ensuing the 
same. I ordain J(An Farebanck, my Eldest sonn, to bee my sole Ex- 
ecutor. I entreat my uery Louing freinds, Mr. Eliazer Lasher and 
Peter Woodward senior to be Ouerseers. 

In the presence of Jonathan h Farebanck sen'r. 

WiUiam Auery, Thomas Medcalfe, 
who deposed, Jan. 26, 1668. (Book vi. page 16.) 

Inventory of the Estate taken 16 : 10 : 1668, by Eliazer Lusher, 
Daniell Fisher, Feter Woodward, Mentions — The home Lett, with 



34 Abitractsfrm Early WiUs. [Jaauary, 

the Addition of Land in the Wigwam plane, the Orchard and all the 
buildings thereupon, £150 ; 8 Cow Commons, £16 ; 6 Acres of mea- 
dow in broad meadow, £15 ; 2 Acres of fowle meadow and Common 
meadow there, £6 ; 22 Acres of meadow in Purgatory plane, £22 ; 4 
Acres in the Low plane, £8 ; in Natick Divident, 24 Acres, £10 ; Land 
in the clap board Trees, £2 ; Swamp in the great Sedar swamp neere 
the saw mills, £4 ; at Wallumnappeagc, * and Cow Commons, £8 ; 
right at Faucumtack,t £3. (Book v. page 112.) 

Robert Bbllow. I, Boht, Bellow, som time of Rhoad Island,^ in 
New England — uery sick and weake, and in perfect memory. I 
Giue vnto my wife, Susannah Bellow, all my Worldly Estate in one 
Case or other, in debts or goods, to bee at her owne disposing, only 
to my two daus. and sonn, 12d. a pecce, desiring my wife to haue a 
Care of my Grand-children and also my Couzen WiUiam and Henry, 
and not to bee vnmindfull of them. Making her my Executor and 
Administrator of my whole Estate, I shall Constitute Mr. Wm. BrenJton, 
Esq., Mr. Nicholas Eson [Easton"], deputy Gou'r, and also my sonn in 
L^we, Qeorge Qardener, and my well beloucd Freind, Mr. William 
Vauhan, to bee Guerseers, for mec, ouer my wife and Children. This 
being my last will and Testament, I leauo you all to the Protection of 
Almighty God, dated 2d June, 1668. 

Wittnes — SamyfiU King, Jacob Browne, John Cleasby. 

18 June 1668, Samuell King and Jacob Browne deposed. It was 
read audibly to him, [Bobert Bellow'], on the day of the date of it, 
i^id hee declared hee vnderstood it, and that hee did not know it neces- 
sary to set his hand to it, and that hee was of a sound disposing mind 
to their best knowledge when hee soc declared. 

Edw, Bawson, Recorder. 

An Inuentory of the Goods of BohU Bellow, which hee left in the 
hands of Jacob Browne, at his decease. Am't £1 16s. Prized by 
WiUiam Pell, Miles Fame, Jacob Browne, deposed June 20, 1^68. 
(Bookv. page 103.) 

JoHK Fishes. 26 : 4 : 1668. I, John Fisher, of Meadfield, in the 
Countie of Suffblke, in New England, being weake of body, yet sound 
in memory and vnderstanding, doe ordaine this my last wUl and Testa- 
ment. I Giue to Mary, my wife, all that Estate, whatsoeuer that I had 
with her, that is soe much as is now in being, and more, one Feather 
bed vpon which wee ordinarily lodge, with all the bedding, furniture 
belonging thereto. Except that furniture about it that Came by my 
former wife Elizabeth,^ and also the free vse of that part of the House, 
wherein I now dwell, with free liberty of water and Conuenient yard 
roome for wood and other her necessary occations, with free Egres and 

• Wollonopaagc or WoUonspaag. inoorponited an the town of Wrentham, 1S78. 

t Or, Pccomptack, now Deerfleld. See Mathcr't Relaium, Drake's ed., p. 168. 

j At a town meeting in Portraionth, E. I., Oct. 6, 1643, it was ordered, " that the lot laid 
oat to Bobert Belk>w at the first brook, he shall en^oy it ; he using his trade ftv the l)enefit 
of the townc." Mention is also made in 1664. of ** Robert Hallow's hrooke." Soo Bkode 
Jaland Cohnv Records, transcribed and edited bj John Bnssell Bartlott, Secretary of State. 
Vol. i. pages 77, 88. 

$ According to Savage, his wife Elizabeth, whom be manled in April, 1658, was the dau. 
of Thomas Bovlstoo, of Watertown, and his wife, Mary, was probably dau. of Nathaniel 
Trwdway. 



TW5.] AUtracU from Early Wills. 36 

regrese for Iier selfe, her semants ahd assignes, duringe all the time 
fibee shall remaine a widdow and vnmarryed. Prouid^d, that shee at 
Mk time take hi any other dweller with her into the saiid Hbttse, 
or iany roome or rooines therein, besides her child or children, and 
ne&^saojy scruants. I also giue to Mary, my said wife, her right of 
the thirds or dower according to the Lawe in that Case prouided. All 
which aboae bequeathed, I giue as aforesaid, vnto my wife, towards 
her Owne supply and maintenance, and the Education tad bringing 
vp of that child or children Which the Lord hath or may yet giue mee 
hj her. Vhto my wife, one halfe of the Prouisions that shall bee in 
my Honse, when the Inuentory is taken. My will is, that after ihy 
decease, a true Inuentory bee made of my whole Elstate, Whereof I 
giue to John Fisher, my Eldest sonn, a dubble Portion, that is twice 
loe mach thereof as any one of my other children, to whome, that is 
to say, to jhj sonn Joriatkan Fisher, and my dau. Elizabeth Fisher, and 
to that child that Mary, iny said wife, may now be Conceiued with, to 
Bach of them, an Equoll Portion to bee paid Each of them, at liiat 
titoe as they shall seuerally attaine lawftdl Age or day of marriage, 
which soeuer shall coine first, only their parts in my said wines thiras 
B±cepted, which they are hot to Enter vpon vntill after her decease. I 
ginc vnto my S6nn John, those Curtaines and uallance and bed and 
bedding thereto belonging th&t came by my first wife. Vnto my dau. 
EHzabeOi, all her owti mother's wearing cloathed, both woUen and lih- 
nen, silkes, &c. Also the Cubbcrt that stands in the House, I giue 
to my sonn Jbhn ; and all other things that Came by my former wife, 
. that are not in Common vso shall bee deuided between those my tWo 
Children, John and Elizabeth, and for that Estate or legacie that tnay 
yet come to iny childrtli by the guift of their Grandfathers Vnckle in 
England, my will is, it shall bee paid only to my two Eldest children last 
above named, my sonn John to haue a dubble portion therein because it 
come to them in their owne mother's right. If it please God by death 
to take away Either bf my two children, John or EHzdbeth before they 
attaine LawfuU Age, or marriage, then their portion shall goe, one 
third of it to the suruiour of them two, one third part to my Child or 
Children that I haue or may haue by Mary, my wife, the other third 
part to goe to the Children of my Brother Joshua Fisher and the 
children of my sister Mary Baile, two thirds of it to my Brother's 
children, one third of it to my sister's children to be diuided Amonpst 
them, at the discretion of their Fathers or Parents. And according 
to that Proportion the Estate to bee diuided, if God please to take 
away any of my ChOdrcn before they come to Lawful! Age or mar- 
riage. I ordaine my Brother, Josuah Fisher of Deadham, and Couzen 
Ensigne Darnell Filler, of that Towne, to bee my Executors. I will 
that my mother, Ann Fisher, may Enjoy that part of the House my 
Father and shee Hue in, instead of that End that now I Hue in, which 
shee is to haue during her life, with one row of Apple Trees, as is ex- 
pressed in my deed from my Father to mee. But my will is, shee 
should haue free Egress and regress for water, yard rome, &c. for her 
neceissary occations if shee should rather Choose that End then the 
part of the House shee now line in, which is my desire shee should 
Enjoy, with the benifit of halfe the orchard, I meane that part of the 
house wherein now shee Hue. I intreat our Reverend Pastor, Mr. 
John WUson, and my Father, Josuah Fisher, both of Meadfleld, to bfee 



36 Ah$tracts fim, Edrly Wills. [Junimry; 

Ouersecrs to this my will, and to be assisting to my Executors about 
tiie disposing of my two Eldest Children, to whose care and trust I 
Commit them to bee placed. And to provide for in Education and 
otherwise as the greater number shall see best for the said Children 
from time to time. As for that Child God hath giuen mee by Mary 
my wife, I leauo to her Care to prouidc for, and dispose of as shee 
shall see best. John Fishjul 

In presence of 
John Wilson, Samuell BuXlen, who deposed July 28, 1668. 

[The two Executors having deceased, power of administration to 
the Estate was given to John Fisher, eldest son of the testator, 
March 4, 1683-4.] 

Inventory of the estate taken by Capt. Oeorge Barber, William Auery, 
Peter Woodward, Thomas Wight, and Henry Adams, 9:5: 1668. Am't, 
£344 12 5. Left. Josuah Fisher and Ensigne DanieU Fisher deposed 
July 28, 1668. Estate Creditor, £56 15 llj ; debtor, £40. In the 
smith's shop, wherein the deceased was owner of one halfe in the 
tooles by his fathers gift, am't £20 19 6. The dwelling House and 
one Lento against the barne, £30 ; 4 Acres of Arable land at home, 
£16 ; 6J Acres of meadow at Stop Riuer, £16 ; 5J Acres meadow at 
North meadow, £16 ; 2 Acres in broad meadow, £8 ; 4 Acres of vpland 
in bridge street plane, £6 ; 60 Acres of Land in the new grant, £6 ; 
8 Acres of Landouer Hop Riuer, £1 10s.; 10 Acres of Swamp, £3 ; 9 
Acres of Land in the new plane, £3 ; 2\ Acres of Land by Bage^ 
stowe, £2 ; Course meadow vp-streame, £2 ; the reuersion of Houses 
and Lands after his father's decease, £100. 

(Book V. page 134-136.) 

Nicholas Elun. 16 Nov. 1667. Vnto all Concerned and also to 
whome they may necessarily come, grace and peace as to all the Israeli 
of God. I, Nicholas Ellin being in present weakness of body, but in en- 
joyment of vnderstanding. Debts paid, my will is, that my wife, Mary 
EUin, shall have the vse of my House and halfe the Land and Cat- 
tle and all other mouables during the term of her Widdowhood, to 
bring vp my youngest Children borne of her, and if shee marry, then 
to take Care only of that which now shee is tibiought to Goe with. 
My will is, that my wife then shall haue, mainly, when she marrycs, 
£10 paid her and soo to remoue. My will is, that my Eldest sonn, 
Daniel EUin, shall haue the vse of the other halfe of my House and 
Land and mouables together with my wife during the time of her 
Widdowhood. When my wife shall remoue by death or bee marryed, 
then her Dowry of £10 being paid, and 5s. to Martha Pond, and 5s. 
to Mary Pond my wines dan. which my will is to giue to them as a 
Remembrance of my loue to them, then the Risidue of my Estate bee 
prized and Equally diuided Among them all, namely, my Children, 
only my Eldest sonn, Daniel EUin, to haue that swamp lying at the 
West End of my barne, which I haue began to cleere, and his [ ] 

which my will that heo shall haue more then rest, and if my wife 
shall marry before that Child bee growne vp to get its owne liuinge, 
which shee is Conceiued no^ to bee with child of, then my will is, 
that shee shall haue 30s. more then the rest, and that 30s. to be paid 
to my wife. It is to bee vnderstood that when my Louinge wife is 



lBe5.] AdAmicum. St 

Kither marryed or Else by God's Prouidence remoued by death, that 
mj 8onn, JDanieU, shall haae the refusing house and Land, paying the 
rest of my children their Equall Portions in Currant pay ; and for as 
ranch as hee is to haue the present vse of one halfe of my House and 
land, therefore, my will is, that halfe the portions of the Rest of the 
Ckildren shall bee paid as they come to Age, by my Eldest sonn, 
ahhougfa my wife Continue in the possession of the rest. My will is, 
that my wife, Mary JEUin, and my eldest sonn, Daniel Ellin, bee Execu- 
tor and Executrix of this my last will. I desire my Friends Thomas 
8un/i and SamueU Wadsworth bee Ouerseers. 

Nicholas m Elun. 
his marke. 
In presence of 
WilHam Eobinson, SamueU Robinson, who deposed May 29, 1668. 

The Vissable Estate of Nicholas JSUin, late of Dorchester, now de- 
ceased. Esteemed by vs whose names are heere subscribed at £187 11 6, 
Owing about £20. Signed by William Robinson and James Wads- 
worth, 24: 10: '67. Dwelling house, barne, vpland, meadow, £117. 

JOaniei Ellin and Mary ElUn deposed May 29, 1668. 

(Bookv. page 98.) 

JossPH BucKiOKSTBB. 24 Nov. 1668. Administration granted to 
EHzabelh Buokminsler, relict of the late Joseph Buckminster, and to 
Hugh Clarke, her Father, in her behalfe, and behalfe of the children 
of the said Buckminster, the said Hugh Clarke giuing sufficient secu- 
rity, to performe the Couenants betweene the said Joseph Buckminster 
and his mother, the late Johannah Buckminster, now Oar field, and that 
ahee haue all hef Rights and dues. 



AD AMICUM. 

lOapled bj J. W. THOftSTos fhm the Works ot Wm. King, IX.D., Londoo, 1776, iU. 366.] 

Tynte* was the man who first, from British shore, 

FaUadian arts to Carolina bore ; 

His tanefol harp attending mnses strung, 

And Phosbus^ skill inspired the lavs he sung. 

Strong towers and palaces their rise began, 

And nstening stones to sacred fabiicks ran. 

Just laws were taught» and curious arts of peace, 

And trades brisk corretit flowM with wealth's increase* 

On such fonndations learned Athens rose ; 

So BidoV thong did Carthage first inclose ; 

So Borne was tanght Old Ernpires to subdue, 

As Tynte creates and governs, now, the New.'* 

XStnm. Hewitt, in his HUtory ofSotdh CaroUna (Londpn, 1779), vol. i. page 194, says, 
« Abont the end of the year 1708, Colonel Edward Tynte received a commission from Lord 
Cteven, inrestlng him with the government of the ookmy.** In view of the dril distraction 
Ikflft pvevailed, Xkfnrwx Tynte wu Instructed *' to adopt such healing measures as would 
ht most conducive to the w^lfiire of the settlement.'* ^Editor.] 

* MajOT Tynte, Ooremar of CaroUiuk 

Vol. XIX. 4 



8S Wigglesioarth arid Deane. [Jannarr, 



INSCRIPTIONS— WIGGLESWORTH AND DEANE. 

^ D. P. Corey, Esq., of Maiden, informs us that the copy of the in- 
scription to the memory of Rev. Michael Wigglesworth, in the Mai- 
den Burial Ground, is incorrectly printed in the Bir Centennial Book 
of Maiden, referred to in the Register {ante xvii. 134), and furnishes 
us with the following copy which he has carefully made from the 
grave-stone itself. The space in the eighth line, between " Maiden '^ 
and " Years,'' was left blank when the stone was lettered. 

MEMENTO FUGIT 

MORI. HORA. 

HERE LYES BURIED Y« BODY OF 
THAT FAITHFULL SERUANT OF 
JESUS CHRIST Y« REUEREND 
M» MICHAEL WIGGLESWORTH 
PASTOUR OF Y« CHURCH OF CHRIST 
AT MAULDEN YEARS WHO 

FINNISHED HIS WORK AND ENTRE«> 
APON AN ETERNAL SABBATH 
OF REST ON Ye LORDS DAY lUNE 
Y8 10 1705 IN Y« 74 YEAR OF HIS AGE. 

HERE LIES INTERD IN SILENT GRAU» 

BELOW MAULDENS ^ PHYSICLAlN 

FOR SOUL AND BODY TWO. 



Here lyes y« body J. M. Bradbury, Esq., of Boston, furnish- 

oflaneDeane late esus with this inscription, which he heads 

wife of Thomas Deane *^^ ' " ^^P^ ^^ ^° inscription on a grave- 

- ^ , , , stone in the West Parish (Rocky Hill) Bu- 

of Salsbury daugtr . ^ j o i- t. -^j >> mu 

' ° rying Ground, Salisbury, Mass. The 

of Mr. Richard & printed copy of this inscription in the Reg- 
Prudence Scamman ister, xiii., 140, he says is not correct. The 
late of Stratham copy from which that was printed was fiir- 
who died October nished to W. R. Deane, Esq., by the fami- 

« ^ih •— /: ff • ,^ ly of Thomas Deane, of Exeter, N. H., who 

y« 9" 1720, & m y* "^ 

, «, ^ , found it on an old paper. 

60^ year of her ^ ^ 

age 



1865.] 



Gushing Family. 



39 




GUSHING FAMILY. 

[FnMn docomeDts in the possession of John Perkins Cubhino, Esq., of Belmont, Mass.] 

From investigations made by H. G. Som- 
erby, Esq., we learn that in the latter part 
of the fourteenth century there lived in the 
town of Hardingham, co. Norfolk, a gentle- 
man of large estate, by the name of Thomas 
Gushing. He had landed property in Har- 
dingham, Hingham, and other parts of the 
Gounty, and is mentioned with his son Wil* 
liam in a deed dated 1466, still extant. 

William* Gushing, son of Thomas,* lived 
at Hingham, and made his will 20 Sept. 1492, 
proved in the Bishop's Gourt at Norwich, 11 
Mch,1493, in which he makes his wife Emme 
executrix, and mentions four sons and three 
daughters, viz. : John' Gushing, the elder ; 
Robert* Gushing of Hingham, gentleman (so 
called in his mother's will, dated 16 June, 
1507, proved 26 of same month) ; Thomas' 
Gushing, gentleman, of Hardingham; and 
John,' jr. , of Hingham. The daughters were 
Elyne,' Anable,' and Agnes.' 
Of these sons, Thomas' Was of East Dereham, and made his will 
1503. John,' (he younger, inherited by his father's will his furnished 
house in East Row, Hingham, and made his will 29 July, 1515, leav- 
ing his wife Isabel, but no children. 

John' Gushing, the elder, son of William,' of Hardingham, gentle- 
man, so called in a survey of the manor of Flockthorp, in Harding- 
ham, dated 1512. He made his will 21 Feb., 1522, and mentions his 
wife, three sons and three danghters, viz. : John,* Thomas,* William* 
(of Hardingham, to whom his father gave a house called Gillert's) ; 
Margaret,* Isabel,* and Margery.* 

Of these, John* Guphing, esquire, of Hingham, lord of the manors 
of Flockthoi-p in Hingham, Marhams in Tothington, and Stalworthy 
in Wymondham, married Alice, dau. of Richard Cuve, Esq., of Hing- 
ham. His will is dated 13 Mch, 1531. His children were Etheldre- 
da/ Edward,* who had Anne,* and Francis* (who by wife Elizabeth, 
dau. of Mr. Brompton, of Setton, had four daus. co-heiresses), and 
Edward,* the latter of whom m. Frances, had an only daughter Eliza- 
beth,^ wife of WOliam Thornton. 

Thomas* GusmKo, son of John, received from his father the house 
in Hardingham, in which he himself lived ; he is also mentioned in a 
deed of land conveyed by his son John to Richard Springholt. He 
left five sons and one daughter, viz. : John,* of Knapton, whoso will 
dated 21 Oct., 1581, makes his brother Peter an executor; Nicholas,* 
Edward,* Stephen,* Peter,* and Ursula.* 

Pbteb* Gushing, of Hardingham, mar. 2 June, 1583, Susan Hawes. 



40 Cmking Family. [Januaiy, 

He removed to Ilingham about 1500, where he was buried 2 Mch, 
1615. His wife was buried there 1641. Their children were : Theophi- 
lu8,« bapt. 4 Nov., 1584; Bridget,^ 19 Feb., 1586; Mathew,* 2 Mch, 
1589 ; William,^ 1 April, 1593 ; Barbara,* 16 June, 1596 ; Thomas,* 
15 May,* 1603. 

Mathew* Gushing, son of Peter,* went to Hingham with his father, 
and mar. 5 Aug., 1613, Nazareth Pitcher. In 1638, he left England, 
and coming to New England settled at Hingham, Mass., where ho 
died, 30 Sept., 1660. His wife died 1681, aged 95. Their children 
were : Daniel,^ bapt. 20 April, 1619 ; Jeremiah,^ 21 Jan., 1621 ; Ma- 
thew,' 5 April, 1623; Deborah,^ 17 Feb., 1624; and John,^ b. 162T. 
These four sons accompanied him, and all left descendants here, as 
may be seen in Savage's Dictionary. 

John^ Gushing, youngest son of Mathew,* m. at Hingham, Mass., 
1657, Sarah, dau. of Mathew Hawkcs. He was a man of considerable 
note, selectman, representative, assistant, and colonel of the Plymouth 
regiment. His children were : John,* b. 28 April, 1662 ; Thomas,* 26 
Dec, 1663; Mathew,' 23 Feb., 1665; Jeremiah,* 13 July, 1666; 
James,* 27 Jan., 1668; Joshua,* 27 Aug., 1670; Sarah,* 26 Aug., 
1671; Caleb,* 6 Jan., 1673; Deborah* and Mary,* twins, 14 Sept., 
1674; Joseph,* 23 Sept., 1677; and Benjamin,* 4 Feb. 1679. His 
wife d. probably at the birth of this last child. He d. 31 Mch, 1708. 

Of these, Thomas* was of Boston, a member of the Council, and 
progenitor of a noted family. His son Thomas* was repres. for Bos- 
ton and Speaker, and father of the distinguished patriot Thomas'** 
Gushing, H. C. 1744, Speaker 1766, member of the Philadelphia Con- 
gress 1774, Lieutenant Governor of Mass. 1780 — '88. In the inven- 
tory of this Thomas* is mentioned his coat of arms, valued at 20s. 

Hon. John* Gushing, the oldest son of John,^ was of Belle House, 
in Scituate. He m. 20 May, 1687, Deborah, daughter of Thomas Lor- 
ing, and had Sarah,* b. 8 Jan., 1689 ; Deborah,* 4 April, 1693 ; John,* 
17 July, 1695 ; Elijah,* 7 Mch, 1698 ; Mary,* 24 Nov., 1700 ; Nazareth,* 
11 Sept.. 1703; Benjamin,* 17 April, 1706; and Nathaniel,* 9 July, 
1709. His wife d. 1713, and he m. 1714, widow Sarah Holmes, and 
had Josiah,* b. 29 Jan., 1715, and Mary,* 24 Oct., 1716. He died 19 
Jan., 1738. He was representative, member of the Council, chief 
Justice of the Inferior Court, Plymouth, and Justice of the Supreme 
Court. His bro. Joseph* had an only son Joseph,* whose son Na- 
than*^ also was one of the justices of the Supreme Court. 

Hon. John* CusmNo, son of the preceding, was also a representa- 
tive and judge of the Supreme Court. He m. first, 1 April, 1718, 
Elizabeth Holmes, and had Deborah,"^ b. 16 Nov., 1718, m. N. A. 
Stockbridge ; Saralb, b. 26 Mch, 1720, d. unm. ; John,'° 16 Aug., 1722 ; 
Nathaniel/^ 12 Aug., 1724, d. 2 April, 1725; William, b. 23 Sept., 
^ 1725, d. 4 Fpb., 1726. His wife dying 13 Mch, 1 726, he m. 1729, Ma- 
ry, dau. of Josiah Cotton, Esq., and had Mary,'® b. 6 Sept., 1730; 
William,»M Mch. 1732; Charles,'*^ 13 Aug.. 1734; Edward,' M Sept.. 
1786; Hannah,'^ 2 Sept., 1738; Betbiah,*^ 29 Mijh, 1740; Roland,"^ 
9 Jan., 1748; Lucy, 30 Dec, 1745; Abigail,'^ 26 Feb., 1749— ^Ro- 
land,"° 26 Feb., 1749, twin. 

His son William' ° was one of the judges of the Supreme Court 
U. S., and d. 13 Sept., 1810, 



1865.] 



Cwhing Family. 



41 



John** Ccshing, of Belle House, m. (pub. 12 July, 1741) Deborah 
Barker, of Scituate, and had John," b. 23 Jan., 1U3; Elizabeth," 9 
April, 1T44; Francis," 21 Oct., 1746; Robert," 4 June, 1747, d. 
1754; Deborah," 20 Jan., 1749; Barker," 5 Oct., 1750, d. 1754; Ed- 
ward," 18 Oct., 1762 ; Robert," 4 Feb., 1765 ; Barker," 23Mch, 1757, 
kiUed at Ticonderoga 15 Sept., 1776; Edward," 11 June, 1762; Na- 
thaniel," 15 May, 1768, d. 1825. 

Robebt" Cushiko, son of John, m. Anne Maynard, dau. of James 
PerkinSp and sister of Thomas Handasyde Perkins, had two children : 
John" Perkins, b. 22 April, 1787, and Anne,*' who m. Ilenry Iliggin- 
8on, of Boston. 

John Pkrkins'' Gushino, of Boston, a distinguished merchant, m. 
BCaria Louisa, dau. of Rev. John Sylvester John Gardiner, Rector of 
Trinity Church, Boston, and d. 12 April, 1862. His children were : 
John G.,** m. Susan Prescott Dexter ; Robert Maynard, m. Olivia Do- 
naldson Dulaney ; Thomas Forbes ; William Howard, d. young ; Mary 
Looisa, m. Edward D. Boit. 

[Note. — ^The coat of arms at the head of this article is the correct 
form as it is found in England. The following engraving represents 
a mural tablet to be found in the Granary Burying Ground, in Boston, 
made probably about 1750. It was probably cut from an erroneous 
description. W.] 




QcEBY. Seth Lincoln, of Western, Mass., died May 6, 1793, aged 
67 years, so was bom about 1726 ; tradition says that he was bom in 
Dorchester, and was the only son of his parents ; his wife Lucy, dau. 
of Col. Timothy Paige, of Hardwick, Mass., died Sept. 1, 1821, aged 
87 years. Any clue to his parentage will be thankfully received by 
D. WiUiams Patterson, of West Winsted, Ct. 

Vol. XIX 4* 



42 Abstracts from Early Wills. [Ji^nuary^ 



ABSTRACTS OP THE EARLIEST WILLS FROM THE RECORDS 

AND FILES AT EAST CAMBRIDGE, MASS., IN THE 

COUNTY OF MIDDLESEX. 

[Prepared by Wm. B. Tba»k.] 
Contanued from Vol. xvii. page 158. 

IsACKE Mixture. I, laacke Mixture, of Watertowne, of sound 
memory and vnderstanding, do thuse dispose of my outward estate 
as followeth. To my sonne, laacke Mixture, the north end of my 
great dividend, to be sutt of from the South part by beaver brooke, 
also the 70 acres of divident purchased of Simon Stone, only reserv- 
ing liberty for my wife, for her owne vse to take fier wood or timber 
vppon the said 70 Acres. To my said sonne, 4 acres of Remote mea- 
dow granted me by the Inhabitants of Water Towne, being the eight 
and twenty lott, also 7 acres remote meadow being part of the 14 
purchased of Simon Stone, being the third lott. All my lands lyetb 
m the bounds of Water Towne, wh. I hereby will and bequeath to 
my sonne Isacke and his Heyeres. To Isacke, 6 acres of plow land 
vppon the plaine in Water Towne, with 6 acres I purchased of Henry 
Freeman, also to my sonne, Isacke, that part of the meadow wh. I 
purchased of Mr. William Payne, lying westward of Stony brooke, in 
Water Towne, reserveing liberty to my wife to cutt 2 load of grasse, 
dureing the time shee liueth a widdow ; theis Land I give to my 
•Sonne and his Heyres. To my dau. Sarah, the wife of Jno, Siemes, half 
my part in that vessell called the dilligence, whereof John Shepard is 
vnder God master, also to my dau. Sarah, £12, to be payd by my 
Executrix, within one whole yeare after my decease. To my sonne, 
Isacke, my two young oxen. The rest of my estate of houses, lands, 
moveable goods, Chattells and debts with the other halfe of my afore- 
sd share in the vessell at sea, I bequeath to my wife for the dis- 
charge of my debts and her owne livelyhood. My will is, that what 
estate of myne my wife shall have in her possession at her death, shall 
after her decease be divided into 7 parts, and my sonne, Isaac, to 
have 4 parts, and my dau. Sarah, to have 3, alwaies provided that my 
sonne, Isacke, shall have liberty to choose any land my wife shall 
leave of mine, for his share, and to have it by Equall apprizement as 
the rest of the said estate shall be Apprized, and divided betwene my 
Sonne and dau. or their Heyres. I appoynt my wife and sonne Isacke 
Executors to this my will, alwaies p'vided that all my debts are to be 
payd by my wife out of what I have given to her. 

8 May, 1605. Isacke Mixer. 

Witnes, Jno, CooUdge, Jno. Shearman, who deposed June 19, 1666. 

Inventory of the goodes and Chattels. A Homestall of 6 acres, 
with a dwelling house, bame. Cow house and orchard vppon it, X85 ; 
1} acres of pease on the ground, £3 10s. ; 7 acres of plow land in 
the little plaines, at SOs. pr. acre, broken vp, £10 10s. ; 4 aores vn- 
broake land in the little jdaisus at 166. pr.^acre, £3 ; 7 acret^ of Indian 



IS65.1 AbstracU Jrm Early fVilU. 4S 

Gome on the ground, £4 lis. ; 3 acres of broaken land m the little 
plaine at SOs. pr. acre, £4 lOs. ; 3 acres of ynbroake land in the 
little playne, £2 58. ; 17 acres of broaken land being :part of a great 
dividend at 306. £25 lOs. ; 13 acres of vnbroake land being part of 
tiie dividend at 15s. pr. acre, £9 158. ; 7 acres of wheat on tt^ ground 
at 308. pr. acre, £10 lOs. ; 70 acres of divident at £23 ; 18 acres of 
plow land on the further playne, £6 ; 4 acres of Remote meadow near 
the great pond, £2 ; 7 acres of remote meadow neere Mr. &imU Salh 
ton$tal8 £BLrme, £3 10s. ; 40 acres of meadow at stony brooke, £29 ; 
one acre of meadow at pach meadow, 10s.; the 4th part of a vessell 
at Sea called the dilligent, £25, &c. Taken June 15, 1655, pr vs^ 
Jno. CooUdge, Edvyrd GaTfeild, Joseph Taynter. 

BoBBBT Davis. The last will of Robert Davis, being very sicke yet 
having his perfect Sence and memory. It is my will that my wife, 
Bridget Davis, shall have all my house and land that I have in Sud- 
bury, and all the rest of my moveable goodes, as my cattle and what- 
soever I have elce, only paying out of it theis Sumes, to my dau. 
Sarah Davis, £40, when shee is 20 years of age, and to have it in 
land and cattle as my wife can best spare ; to my Bro. John Davis, 
AOs.y and to be payd him with the first oppurtunity that my wife can 
iHKve to «end It him ; to my sister, MargareU Bennet, one Cow, and that 
flhae shall have it the next 29th of Septemr. after to my decease. And 
to Jo9$ph NewUm, £10, if he stay out bis time with my wife ; and my 
will is, to give to Mr. J^nt, 10s. I make my wife, Bridget Davis, and 
njfiro. Jffenry Loher, my Executors. 17, 5 mo. 1655. 

mai^k mark 

Witnes, Thomas x Goodenow, Bichard x Newkm, who deposed at 
Cambridge, 2. 8 mo. 55. Tho : Dofnforlh, Recorder. 

Investory taken by theabove, October 2, '55. Sum totall £179 Os* 
Oae house and land prised at £$0. 

John Goodenow. The nuncupative will of John Chodenow, of Sud- 
bwey, vttered eaii ordayned by him, being of perfect memory and 
vnderstanding, though weake in body, 2. 1st mo. 1654. I give vnto 
my wife, Jane Chodenow, all my whole estate, both lands and goodes, 
for her vse dureing her life, also I give vnto her halfe of the said 
estate to be disposed of by her in her life, or vpon her dying, and the 
other halfe vnto my dau. Jane Wight, and her heyres, after my wives 
decease,- only out of the whole of my estate I bequeath vnto Andrew 
Buning, my sonne in law, £6 sterl. and vnto my kinswoman, Abigail 
€hodenow, the dau. of Thomas Ooodenow, my Brother, one peece of 
land contayning 6 acres, more or lesse, lying between the mill brooke 
and pine brooke, both wh. legacies I give out of my whole estate, to 
be iqjoyed by eyther of thepi according to my will after my wives 
decease and not before, and the rest of my estate to be disposed of as 
aforesaid. I ordayne my sonne in law, Henry Wite, to be Executor, 
and Edmund Browne, Peeter Noice, Edmund Chodenow and John Bud' 
dwck, all of Sudbury, my overseers. 

In presence of 
JBdmund Browne, Jno. TeU, Dorothy Atdducke. 



44^ Muiter Roll of Concord Minute Men. [Jtotiftry, 

Taken vpon oath by Mr. Edmund Browne, 6 : 3 mo. 1654, before 
Increase NoweU. Jno, Tell and Dorothy Ruddxicke deposed 9 : 8 mo. 
before Walter Haynes, Comission'r. 

Henry Wight, of Dedham, appearing before Captaine Daniel Oookine 
and Captaine Humphery Atherton, Magistrates, tendered this will 
above written, to be left vpon Record, and accordingly it was by them 
allowed. Thomas Dar^orth, Recorder, 

Inventory of the estate taken and prised by Walter ffaynes, William 
Ward, Edmund Ooodemow and Jno. Rudducke, 11:2 mo. 1654. Amt 
£234 15s. 6d. House, barne and seuerall parcells of lands in Sud- 
bury, £90 ; a Tennement house and land in Dedham, £20. 

Henry Wight deposed 24. 3 mo : 1654. 



MUSTER ROLL OP CONCORD MINUTE MEN. 

[Oeorge Mountfort; Esq., of Boston, has obtained for us the loan of 
a document which we print below, and which he informs us is the 
Muster Roll of the Minute Men of Concord, Mass. It is probable 
that the names of many of the men who on the memorable 19th of 
April, 1775, encountered the British troops, will be found in this list; 
though the document evidently is of a later date. 

The body of the docun^ent is printed. The signatures do not ap- 
pear to be autographs ; but seem to be in the hand-writing of five dif- 
ferent individufds, and written at different times ; the first five names 
being in the first hand-writing ; the 6th to the 48d and the 55th to the 
62d, in the second ; the 44th to the 54th, in the third ; the 68d to 78d, 
in the fourth ; and the last 15, in the fifth, which is a much better 
hand than the others, and shows a practised pen. The first two dashes 
are in the original, but the others are added to separate the different 
hands. ' 

There is no date to these names ; but at the foot of the first page, 
reversed, a new list is commenced in the same hand as the last fift^n 
names, as follows : — 

"November 25, 1776 ♦ 

Ephraim Wood Ju' 

We the Subscribers do hereby severally inlist Ourselves into the 
Service of the United Colonies of America, to serve from the Date 
hereof until the Fifteenth Day of January next, if the Service requires 
it ; and each one of us do engage to furnish Ourselves with a good 
effective Fire-Arm, a Blanket and at least Ten Rounds of Ball and Am- 
munition (also with a good Bayonet and Cartridge-Boz if possible), 
to be by such persons as shall be hereafter appointed by the General 
Court for that purpose, formed into a Company of sixty-four Men, in- 
cluding one Captain, two Lieutenants, three Sergeants, three Corpo- 
rals, one Drum and one Fife, to be chosen by such Company, to be 
marched to Head-Quarters, with the utmost Expedition ; and when 
there arrived, to be under the command of such Field-Officer or Offi- 



1^65.] 



MmifUr Roll of Coacord Minyle Men> 



45 



cers as his Excellency General Wckshingion, or other General OflScer 
shall direct. And we further agree, during the Time aforesaid to be 
under such Regulations iii every Respect, as are provided for the Ar- 
my aforesaid. 



Brabiy Robson 
Syraon Hunt 
Ephram Potter 
Semeon Haywood 
Oliver Brown 
Jonas Lee 
Nathanel Staners 
Jonatan Haywood 
Joshua Bond 
Jason Bancs 
Bengamin Hosmer 
Nathan Darby 
Ezery Conant 



Joseph Stratten 
John Mulliken 
Lot Conant 
Ephraim Hosmer 
John Right 

Thomas Hubbard 
Lef.Eph. Wheel [er?] 
John Prescot Heywood 
Peter Wheeler 
Danid Hubbard 
Isaac Hubbard 
James Golman 
John Hosmer June' 
OKver Brown 

Abner Wheler 
Capt. Wheler 
Ebenezer Hubbard 
Capt. Ephram Jones 
Capt. Eliphalet ? Jones 
Abiiah Bond 
Capt. Jonas Haywood 
Archabel Smith 
Josiah Hosmar 
Mag>er John Minot 
Capt. Charls Miles 
Left, frainsses Wheler 
Ephram Hosmer 
Left. Joseph Haywood 
John Remington Esq. 
Mr. Tily Mirick 

[Note. — ^The names to which we have affixed the letter a Jxave the 
words, " Haifa turn,'' against them ; those with the letter b affixed 
have, "Quarter a turn,'' against them; and the two with the let- 
ter c have a cross against the two at each end.] 



Ephraim Wood Esq' 
Capt. Thomas Hubbarfl 
Lieut. Wheeler 
Lieut. Hosmer 
Clark Amos Wood 
John Prescot 
Copr* Samuel Hubard 
WUliam Prescot [a] 
Oliuer Meles 
Daniel Holdin 
William Parkman 

John Hosmer [(?] 
Semeon Burrage [c] 
John Prescot [a] 
John Straton [a] 
Nathanel Nutten [a] 



Semeon Burridge [6] 
David Maynard [6] 
Samwel Potter [a] 

Wilam Brig 
Simeon Brig 
John Brig 
Tily Holden 
Thomas Fay 
Sherin Stephen Stems ? 
Edward Brit 
Bengmin Haris 
Jonas Whitny 
Thomas Wody 
John Cornel 

L* Hosmer 
Clerk Wood 
John Prescoitt 
John Stratten 
Naty Nutting 
Wil° Prescott 
Parish Miles 
Sami Hubbard 
John Hosmer 
Oliver Miles 
Dan^ Holden 
W°*Patfanan 
W» Wheeler 
Oliver Wheeler 
Th^ Wheeler 



Stctt. — ^The following record is written in a copy of the OJasse of 
Vaine-OloTxe, London, 1593, belonging to William Reed Deane, Esq., 
of Boston. 

" Elizabeth Stutt was bf^ptized the j of June in the yere of oure 
lord God 1576. 

" Gilbert Stutt was baptized y« 12 of Aprill anno 1579. 
" An Stutt was baptized y« 12 of Januarie 1581." 



46 



Signers of the DeclaraiuM of Independence. [January, 



SIGNERS OF THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE, 

FOURTH OF JULY, 1776, 

With the State they represented in the Continental Congreee, the Place of their Birth, Pro- 
feenon, date of their Death and Age. 

COMPILED BY JEREMDm COLBURN. 



Thomas Lynch, Jr., S. Carol. 

Button Gwinnett, Georgia, 

John Morton, Penn. 

Philip Liyinobton, N. York, 

Gborge Ross, Penn. 

Joseph Heweb, N. Carol. 

John Hart, N. Jersey, 

George Taylor, Penn. 

Richard Stockton, N. Jersey, 

OssAR Rodney, Delaware, 

Stephen Hopkins, R. Island, 

William Whipple, N. Hamp. 

Thomas Stone, Maryland, 

Arthur Middlbton, S. Carol. 

John Penn, N. Carol. 

Thomas Nelson, Jr. Virginia, 

Benjamin Franklin, Penn. 

William Hooper, N. Carol. 

Benjamin Harrison, Yiiginia, 

Francis Hopkinbon, N. Jersey, 

r Lyman Hall, Georgia, 

Roger Sherman, Conn. 

John Hancock, Mass. 

John Witherspoon, N. Jersey, 

Richard Henry Leb, Virginia, 

Abraham Clark, N. Jersey, 

JosiAu Bartlett, N. Hamp. 

Samuel Huntinoton, Conn. 
Francis Liohtfoot Lbb, Virginia, 

Carter Braxton, Virginia, 

Oliver Wolcott, Conn. 

Lewis Morris, N. YoHc, 

James Wilson, Penn. 

Gborge Read, Delaware, 

William Paca, Maiyland, 

Edward Rutledoe, S. Cfarol. 

Matthew Thornton, N. Hamp. 

Samuel Adams, Mass. 

Francis Lewis, N. York, 

George Walton, Georgia, 

Robert Morris, Penn. 

George Wythe, Virginia, 

James Smith, Penn. 

Thomas Heyward, Jr., S. Carol. 

Samuel Chase, Maryland, 

William Williams, Conn. 

Gboroe Clymbr, Penn. 

Bbnjamin Rush, Perm. 

Robert Treat Paine, Mass. 

Elbridoe Gerry, Mass. 

Thomas M'Kean, Delaware, 

William Ellbry, R. Island, 

William Floyd, N. York, 

John Adams, Mass. 

Thomas Jeffbrbon, Virginia, 

Charles Carroll, Mazyland, 



Prince Geo.*s Par., S. C. 
England, 
Ridley, Fa. 
Albany, N.Y. 
Newcastle, Del. 
Kingston, N. J. 
Huntington, Pa. 
Ireland, 

Princeton, N. J. 
Dover, Del. 
Sdtoate, R. I. 
Kittery, Me. 
Pointon Manor, Md. 
Ashley, S. C. 
Carolina County, Va. 
Yorktown, Va. 
Boston, Mass. 
Boston, Mass. 
Berkley, Va. 
Philadelphia, Pa. 
Connectfcut, 
Newton, Mass. 
Qoincy, Mass. 
Parish of Yester, Sootl. 
Westmoreland Co., Va. 
Ellzabethtown, N. J. 
Amesbory, Mass. 
Windham, Conn. 
Westmoreland Co., Va. 
Newington, Va. 
Windsor, Conn. 
Harlem, N.Y. 
Scotland, 
Cedl County, Md. 
Wye Hall, Md. 
Charleston, S. C. 
Ireland, 
Boston, Mass. 
Landaff, Wales, 
Frederick County, Va. 
Lancashire, Eng. 
Elizabeth County, Va. 
Ireland, 

St. Luke's Parish, S. C. 
Somerset County, Md. 
Lebanon, Conn. 
Phihidelphia, Pa. 
Berberry, Pa. 
Boston. Mass. 
Marblenead, Mass. 
New London, Pa. 
Newport, R. I. 
Long Island, N. Y. 
Quincy, Mass. 
Shadweli, Va. 
AnnapoUs, Md« 



Lawyer, 

Merchant^ 

Physician, 

Merchant, 

Lawyer^ 

Lawyer, 

Farmer, 

Physician, 

' er. 



Farmer, 
3£artner, 
Lawyer, 
Lawyer, 
Lawyer, 
Gentleman, 
Printer, 
Lawyer, 
Farmer, 
Lawyer, 
Physician, 
Shoemaker, 
Merchant, 
Clergyman, 
Lawyer, 
Lawyer, 
Physician, 
Farmer, 
Farmer, 
Gentleman, 
Physician, 
Farmer, 
Gentleman, 
Lawyer, 
Lawyer, 
Lawyer, 
Physician, 
Merchant, 
Gentleman, 
Lawyer, 
Merchant, 
Lawyer, 
Lawyer, 
Lawyer, 
Lawyer, 
Gentleman, 
Merchant, 
Physician, 
Lawyer, 
Merchant, 
Lawyer, 
Lawyer, 
Farmer, 
Lawyer, 
Lawyer, 
Lawyer, 



Lostatsea,76,30 
May 27, 1777, 45 
Dec 1777, 65 
June 12, 1778, 62 
July, 1779, 49 
Nov. 10, 1779, 49 

^.1780. 50 

Feb. 23, 1781, 65 
Feb. 28, 1781. 51 
Spring of 1783, 53 
July 13, 1785, 78 
Nov. 28, 1785, 54 
Oct 6, 1787, 44 
Jan. 1, 17fi^ 44 
Sept. 5, 1788, 47 
Jan. 4, 1789, 50 
Apr. 17, 1790, 84 
Oct. 1790, 48 
April, 1791, 60 
May 9, 1791, 53 
Feb. 1791, 60 
July 23, 1793, 72 
Oct 8, 1793, 56 
No?. 15, 1794, 72 
June 19, 1794, 64 
Sept 1794, 69 
May 19, 1795, 60 
Jan. 5, 1796, 64 
April, 1797, 
Oct 10, 1797, 
Dec. L 1797, 
Jan. & 179& 
Aug. rf, 17flS, .- 
Autumn 1796, 64 

,1799, 59 

Jan. 23, 1800, 51 
June 24, 1803, 89 
Oct. 2, 1803, 82 
Dec 30, 1803, 90 
Feb. 4, 1804, 64 
May 8, 1806, 72 
Junes, 1806, 80 
July 11, 1806, 91 
March, 1809, 64 
June 19, 1811, 70 
Aug. 2, 1811, 80 
Jan. 23, 1818, 74 
Apr. 19, 1818, 67 
M^y 11, 1814, 83 
Nov. 13, 1814, 70 
June 24, 1817, 83 
Feb. 15,1820, 92 
Aug. 4, 1821, 86 
July 4, 1826, 91 
July 4, 1826, 83 
Nov, 4, 183% 95 



62 
61 
71 
72 
56 



1£65.] Skuch 0/ the RoumevUl FamUy. 4lt 



SKETCH OP THE ROUNSEVILL FAMILY OP FREETOWN, 

MASSACHUSETTS. 

[Oommimicatcd by Gen. Ebeic bzbb W. Pbircb, Member of the Old Colony Historical, the 
N. £. Historic Genealogical, and the Pilgrim Societies.] 

Philip* Rounsevill, the immigrant ancestor, was by occupation a 
** clothier " or cloth dresser. From an original letter dated " March 
y* 11 day 1708-9," still preserved in the * pSssession of his lineal de- 
scendants, we learn that he was the son of William' Rounscvill of 
" Hmmetun," England ; and had, at that date, in England, a brother 
Thomas, who was recently married, one or more other brothers . 
whose ehristian names are not given, and sisters, not named save 
Jane. The father acknowledges the receipt of his son Philip's last 
letter, " dated december y* 26 : 1704 ; " so it appears that the son 
had arrived here some time prior to that date. The father continues : 
" I hope these lines will finde you in good health, as we are. Blessed 
be God for it. I am sorry to heare of your trebles and Afflictions, y* 
yon have mett with since you left this land, and pray God y* it may 
be a means to make you stick Closer to your Duty, and Look up to 
Heaven for a Blessing, and 1 shall never be wanting in my Prayers 
or yea. I desire y* Lord Almity to Bless, keep and Preserve you ; & so 
I mast Leave you to y* Protection of him y* keeps man and Beast.'' 
Ais letter was directed to, " mr. Philip Rounsevill in Freetown in 
new England to be left at y* Post Office in new Bristol for convaiance.'' 
This was Bristol, B. I., then in Massachusetts, and the shire town of 
Bristol County in which Freetown is situated, 

Bounsevill or Kounseville, I think, is of French rather than of Eng- 
Bah origin ; though Philip, the immigrant, according to his grave- 
fione, " tww horn at hunnetun * in devonshire in old England J ^ 

Phflip* Bounsevill first stopped near Assonet village in Freetown, 
where he was employed in the cloth dressing establishment of Capt. 
Josiab' Winslow, which establishment was afterwards carried on by 
Ids son Col. James Winslow, then by his grandson Ephraim Winslow, 
Esq., and then by his great grandson, Mr. Gilbert Winslow, who d. 
March 19, 1864, 8b. 92 {Reg. xviii. 301), and whose only son, Thomas 
Gflbert Winslow, now carries on the business. Philip was there in 
lt08 ; and, according to tradition, removed thence, to do business on 
his own account, locating himself near the present residence of Capt. 
Malachi Howland, where he built the dam of the '' Howland Mill.'' 
He next settled at the Furnace Village in East Freetown (then Tivfer- 
ton, R. I.), where he purchased a very large tract of land, and erected 
the mill dam at that place, and lived to an old age in the pursuit of 
his trade or calling. The children erected, on the site of the old 
dothing mill, a blast furnace, a sawmill and a gristmill ; and last of 
sB, a sash, door and blind factory. 

• HowiTON, pronoanced hun'-€4un.\s^ a borongh, market town and parish in Devonshire, 
mmtad 1561 miles W. S. W. from London and V^ £. N. £. from Exeter, on a rising 
graond, on the south side of the river Otter, in a vale celebrated for beanty and fertili^. It 
«■« fbnnerly noted for its mannfactores of serge and lace. It sends two members to Parliap 
■eat. P^iiNitetk>n(inl861)3427w— Ed. 



18 Shkh of the RoufUeviU Famiiy. [January $ 

He must have been bom about 1678, as at his death, Nov. 6, 1763, 
he was in the 86th year of his age. I have many reasons for believing 
that his first wife, Mary, was a daughter of Samuel Howland, senior, 
of Freetown, who was a son of Henry Howland, one of the original 
purchasers of Freetown. She died May 8, 1744, in her 71st year. 

1. Pmup^ RouNSEViLL, by wife Mary, had children : (2) Philip^ +• 
—(3) WilHam,* -f b. at Freetown Oct. 10, 1705, at 27 minutes past 
6 o'dock, P. M. (town records), d. Jan. 81, 1744 (gravestone) ; m. 
Elizabeth Macomber, of Taunton.— (4) John,^ -f- b. 1706, d. Nov. 14, 
1783 ; m. 2 wives, both named Sarah. 

2. Philip* Rounsevill had ch. : (6) Philip^* + m. Mercy Cole, dan. 
of Abiel and Anna (Peirce) Cole, and grand daughter of Ebenezer 
Peirce, of Middleboro'. — (6) Hannah^ 

3. WiLUAM* RouNSEViLL, by wife Elizabeth, had : (7) William f^ -|- 
b. 1736, d. Sept. 1797 ; m. 1st, Rebecca Hoar, of Middleboro', July 
80, 1767 ; m. 2d, Gabriella De Moranville, of Freetown, Oct. 4, 1776. 
—(S) Sylvester,^ h. Ubi. IS, 1741, d. Oct. 7, 1743.— (9^ cTbsep/i,* m. 

Cole, resided for a time at Middleboro' (now Lakeville^, and bad 

oh., Alden* and Phebe,* neither of whom married. — (10) Elizabeth* b. 
Aug. 26, 1743, d. June 9, 1790 ; m. Capt. Job Peirce, of Middleboro'; 
May 18, 1761.— (11) Levi,* + b. 1740, d. Jan. 3, 1816; m. Ist, 
Betsey Howland, of Middleboro', April 28, 17ftO; m. 2d, Mrs. Molly 
Brown, of Milton, 

Elizabeth RounseviU, wid. of William,* survived her husband for 
a long time, and died when nearly 100 years of age. She m. a Mr. 
Ashley, for her 2d husband, and became the mother of Abiah, wife of 
Rev. Philip Hathaway, and grandmother of the late Col. P. P. Hath- 
away, of Freetown. Elizabeth,^ the daughter, was mother of M%j. 
Levi* Peirce, of Middleboro', noted for his liberality in the cause of 
religion, and his great benevolence. He was the donor of the Peirce 
Academy in that town. She was grandmother of Hon. William 
Rounsevill Peirce Washburn, of Boston, Hon. Philander Washburn, 
of Middleboro' ; and great grandmother of Maj. John Hay, private 
secretary to President Lincoln. 

4. Capt. John* Rounseviix, by 1st w. Sarah, had : (12) Sarah,* b. 
1731, d. Oct. 26, 1774; m. John Peirce, of Middleboro', July 17, 
1766.— (13) Hope,* b. 1736, d. Dec. 28, 1820 ; m. Col. John Nelson, 
of Middleboro', Nov. 6, 1760.— (14) John,* b. Sept; 1738, d. Feb. 6, 
1739. 

By 2d wife, Sarah, he had : (16) Thomas,* + b. 1764, d. Jan. 31, 
1826 ; m. Ist, Philena Hathaway, of Freetown, Sept. 14, 1769 ; m. 2d, 
Mrs. Anna Cole, of Middleboro', Feb. 6, 1796.--(16) Mary,* b. 1747, 
d. unm. Feb. 16, 1761.— (17) Elizabeth,* m. Alden Spooner, of Dart- 
mouth, 1770. 

He was commissioned captain of the third foot company of Free- 
town, in 1761. His first wife, Sarsdi, d. in Jan. 1743, in her 37th year. 
Sarah, his second wife, d. April 28, 1793, in the 77th year of her age. 
With the latter he kept a tavern. Their tavern sign is still in posses- 
sion of their great grandson, Capt. Marcus Morton* Rounsevill, and 
18 an interesting relic of the past. It strongly resembles the highly 
wrought back of an old fashioned chair, and bears upon each side a 
picture of a new moon, with the iffords, " Civil Bmtbbtaikiumt bt I. and 



IS65.] Sketch of the Rounsevill Family. 49 

S. R." The tavern occnpied the site of the present residence of 
Capt. Marcus M.* Rounsevill, of East Freetown. 

6. Phiup* Rounsetill, by wife Mercy, had: (18) Gamaliel* b. 
Oct. 12, 1776, d. 186- ; m. in 1824, Freelove Thompson, of Middle- 
boro', sister of Gen. James Davis Thompson, of New Bedford. His 
Dataral abilities were of a high order ; and he was frequently em- 
ployed in settling difficult cases in toWn affairs ; was auditor of town 
accounts in Middleboro', where he resided many years ; was a justice 
of the peace for Plymouth County, and representative to the Mass. 
General Court. In early life he was employed as a clerk in the store 
of Gen. Abiel Washburn, of M., and afterwards opened a store of his 
own in that part of the town called *' Muttock.'' His ch., by w. Free- 
love, were : Josephine,* m. Mr. Vanbenthuysen ; Elizabeth,* m. Mr. 
Washbnm; a dau.* m. Mr. Washburn; and Abby.* — (19) Philip,* h. 
Feb. 7, 1779, never married.— (20) Alnel* b. Sept. 0, 1780 ; m. July 
20, 1803, Betsey Ashley, of Freetown, and had: Amos ;* Clariuda,* m. 
Pardon Gifford, of Fairhaven; Macomber,* b. 1804. d. Oct. 6, 1854; 
Mercy,* m. Mr. Nye, of Fall River ; Abiel ;* Sophronia,* m. Hosea 
Pk^sho, of Raynham ; Betsey,* m. Elbridee Werden, of Providence; 
Cyrus,* m. Irene Ashley, of Freetown ; and Ebenezer.* — (21) Hannah* 
b. April 12, 1783, m. Bradford Rounsevill, of Freetown, April 13, 1806. 
—(22) Ebenezer* b. Sept. 27, 1786, m. in 1808, Sally Rounsevill, of F., 
by whom he had, Philip* and Asenath*.— (23) Lnjdia* b. Dec, 3, 1787, 
never married. — (24) Phehe* never married.— (26) Benjamin* b. Nov. 
29, 1789, m. in 1816, Ann Gifford, of Rochester, by whom he had : 
Henry ;* Rhoda,* m. Nye Gifford, of R. ; Sally ;* William ;* Robert G.* 
and Joseph.* (26) Joseph* -f b. Mar. 26, 1792, d. July 16, 1821 ; m. 
Delia Lawrence, of F.— (27) Philena* b. Aug. 12, 1794, m. Jonathan 
Washburn, of Dartmouth, June 10, 1814.— (28) Alden* b. Oct. 26, 
1797 ; resides at Rochester, Mass., where he has been a selectman ; 
m. in 1822, Cornelia Ashley, of F., by whom he had : Alden,* m. Rox- 
snn^ Gammons, of Rochester ; Horace ;* Cornelia ;* Philena ;* and 
Sarah,* m. John Cudworth, of Lakeville.— (29) Robert O.* -[- m. in 
1827, Mrs. Delia Rounsevill, of Freetown. 

7. WiLUAM* RouNEsvTLL, by 1st wife Rebecca, had : (30) William,^ 
m. Hannah Peirce, of Middleboro', Apl. 14, 1799— (31) Sylvester * m. 
Mary Peirce, of M.— (32) Abidfher,* m. Polly Pierce, of M.— (33) 
Samuel,* lived single. — (34) Asenath* m. Dr. Elisha Briggs, of M., Jan. 
24, 1804.— (35) Joanna,* m. Mr. Briggs. 

By his 2d wife, Gabriella, he had : (36^ Bradford,* m. Apl. 13, 1806, 
Hannah Rounsevill, of Freetown, and had, Ann.* — (37) Betsey* m. 
in 1803, Dr. James Ashley, of F.— (38) Susan,* m. Col. Simeon Ash- 
ley, of F., Mar. 12, 1806. 

His first wife Rebecca died Dec. 13, 1774, in her 29th year. 1 think 
she was a daughter of Robert and Sarah (Hoskins) Hoar, and grand 
daughter of Samuel and Rebecca (Peirce) Hoar, of Middleboro'. His 
second wife, Gabriella, who died Mar. 20, 1816. ^ged 72, was proba- 
bly one of the unfortunate Acadians or Neutral French. 

11. Capt. Levi* Rounsevill, by 1st wife Betsey, had: (39) WU* 
Uam,^ + b. 1769, d. Nov. 13, 1816 ; m. Rhoda Durfee, of Freetown, 
Aug. 31, 1794.— (40) Abner,* m. Hannah Oliver, of l\, Apl. 2, 1789. 
—(41) Betsey* m. Capt Abram Morton, of F., Aug. 14,. 1794. 
Vol. XIX. 6 



60 Sketch of the Raunsevill Family. [January^ 

By his second wife, Molly, he had : (42) John,^ + m. Sally Rounse- 
vill, of F., Nov. 23, 1802.— (43) Sarah,^ m. Hezekiah Mason, Esq., of 
P., May 22, 1803.— (44) Fanny^ m. John Tobey, of F. 

He was a captain in the Patriot army in the war of the Revolution ; 
was sometimes called to preside at the annual town meeting ; and, in 
lt84, represented the town in the General Court. 

16. Thomas* Rounsevill, by 1st wife Philena, had : (45) Deliver- 
ance,^ m. Lieut. Jedediah Thomas, of F., Nov. 13, 1796.— (46) Phile- 
na,' b. 1171, d. Oct. 23, 1806 ; m. Josiah Brown, of P.— (47) HopestiU,^ 
b. Dec. 6, 1773, d. Oct. 10, 1837 ; m, Josiah Brown, of P., May 2, 1808. 
—(^8) Thomas,' + h. Oct. 31, 1776, d. Dec. 3, 1846; m. Huldah 
Keen, of New Bedford, Feb. 21, 1806 ; was a musician in Capt. Simeon 
Ashley's company in service at New Bedford, June, 1814. — (49) Eliza- 
beth,' b. 1779, d. unm. June 9, 1843.— (50) SaUy,' m. John Rounsevill, 
of P., Nov. 23, 1802.— (61) PoUy,' b. 1780, d. unm. Aug. 19, 1868.— 
(62) Lucinda,' m. AsaMacomber, of Middleboro', Dec. 2, 1806.— (63) 
John,' never married.— (64) Gilbert,' b. 1787, d. March 11, 1789. — 
(56) Gilbert,' + b. Oct. 25, 1789, d. Oct. 27, 1850 ; m. 1st, Huldah 
Lawrence, of P. ; m. 2d, Salome Booth, of Middleboro', Nov. 16, 
1818.— (56) Silas,' b. Dec. 11, 1791, d. Feb. 12, 1861 ; m. Mary Wes- 
ton, of Pairhaven, by whom he had : Mary,* b. 1822, d. unm. Feb. 3, 
1857 ; Delia,* b. Dec. 17, 1823, m. Arad T. Leach, of P., Feb. 1848 ; 
Jane,* b. Oct. 26, 1826, m. Fisher A. Cleaveland, of P., May 3, 1846 ; 
Silas,* b. Oct. 22, 1828, d. Apl. 28, 1834 ; Abigail,* b. Sept. 17, 1832, 
m. Osmond P. Braley, of P., Jan. 9, 1869 ; Philena,* b. Mar. 28, 1835, 
m. Edward A. Braley, of Rochester ; Simon D.,* b. Feb. 1837, a sol- 
dier in the 3d Mass. Volunteers, d. of disease contracted in the army, 
June 19, 1863 ; George B.,* b. May 1, 1839, d. unm. Dec, 28, 1861 ; 
Elnathan,* b. Oct. 14, 1840, d. May 27, 1841. 

His first wife, Philena, the mother of all his children, d. April 25, 
1793, in her 44th year. She was a daughter of Ensign Silas Hath- 
away, grand dau. of Col. Ebenezer Hathaway, of Freetown, great 
g'and dau. of Dea. Abram Hathaway, and gr. great grand dau. of John 
athaway, of that part of Taunton now Berkley. His^ second wife, 
Anna, was widow of Abiel Cole, and dau. of Ebenezer Peirce, grand 
dau. of Isaac Peirce, Jr., of Middleboro', gr. grand dau. of Isaac 
Peirce, of Duxbury, and gr. gr. grand dau. of Abraham Peirce, the im- 
migrant, who was of Plymouth, in 16^, and d. at Duxbury ab. 1673. 

26. Joseph* Rottnskvill, by wife Delia, had: (57) Hannah,* b. 
Aug. 4, 1817, m. Elam N. Davis, June 12, 1837.-~(58) Joseph fT.,* b. 
July 30, 1827, m. Susan C. Allen, of Freetown, by whom she had,:- 
Susan •/ Joseph Warren \' Helen ;^ Esther.^ 

29. Robert G.* Rounsevill, by wife Delia, had : (69J Lydia A.,* 
m. Jesse K. Rounsevill, of Freetown, Nov. 26, 1846 ; m. 2d, Albert H. 
Chase, of P., Jan. 16, 1853.— (60) Oliver,* m. Mary Ashley, of Mid- 
dleboro', by whom hp had : Elbridge •/ Robert Winthrop f Sarah J.^ 
—(62) Jman<£a,* m. •Williara J. Rounsevill, of P.— (63) Edurin T.,* 
m. Annie C. Evans, of P., and had : Jesse T.,^ b. Aug. 1861 ; Edwin 
B.,' b. Sept. 1862 ; Gertrude E.,' b. May, 1864. 

39. William* Rounsevill, by wife Rhoda, had : (64) Catharine S.,* 
b. April 6, 1799, d. Dec. 26, 1840; m. Aug. 16, 1815, Nahum Alger, 
of Bridgewater, and was mother of Rev. William R.^ Alger, pastor 



1865.] Sketch of the Rounsemll Family. 61 

of the New North Church, Bulfinch Street, Boston, who was b. at 
Freetown, Dec. 30, 1822, and m. in 1847, Anne L. Lodge, of Boston. 
— (65) Job* m. Laura Washburn, of Bridgewater, and had : Job,^ m. 
Phebe Paine, and Louisa.^ (66) William J^erson* b. — died Nov. 12, 
1842 ; m. Lydia Booth, of Middleboro', and had : William J.,^ m. 
Amanda Rounsevill, of Freetown (ch. : Emma F. ;• William ;' and 
Charles F.*) ; Levi,^ m. 1st Frances Dean of Taunton, m. 2d Maria 
DaTis of Raynham ; Susan M.,^ m. George F. Godfrey, of Taunton ; 
Charity P.,^ m. Lorenzo D. Braley, of Freetown ; John A. •/ Hannah,^ 
m. William Chase, of F. ; Valerian,^ m. Gilbert Reed, of Taunton. — 
(67) Betsey* m. Joslah Forbes, of Bridgewater. — (68) Arzelia* m. 
Henry Williams, of Easton.— (69) Bhoda* 

He was a respectable citizen and an excellent man. That ho 
enjoyed the confidence of his townsmen, may be inferred from the 
fact, that for ten years successively he represented Freetown in the 
General Court. He was exemplary both in life and conversation, and 
was a friend and promoter of the causes of religion and education. He 
sometimes preached. In 1808, he was commissioned as a justice of 
the peace. He and Col. Benjamin Weaver appear, from the town 
records, to have been foremost in effecting reforms in the common 
schools of our town. 

42. John* Rounsevill, by wife Sally, had : (70) Fanny* m. Simeon 
Leach, of Freetown, Jan. 26, 1828, and d. Aug. 1864.-— (71) Maria* 
m. Caleb Rogers, of Randolph.— (72^ Charles* m. Mrs. Betsey 
Bowles, of Mattapoisett, and d. in California ; I ch. William Henry 
Harrison.'— (73) Mary* m. Paul Lawrence, of F., Mar. 31, 1833.— 
(74) Martha* m. Samuel Young, of Randolph. — (76) Sally* m. Pardon 
Gifiord, of Fairhaven.— (76) Deborah,* 

He was a Deputy Sheriff for Bristol County from 1809 to 1812, and 
was known as '' Sheriff John." 

48. Thohas* Rounsevill, by his wife Huldah, had: (77) Obadiah* 
b. Feb. 17, 1808 ; m. Mary A. Gumey, of Freetown, and had : Mary 
Jane;^ Nancy ;^ Obadiah.^— (78) John* b. Feb. 20, 1809.— (79 )Jlfar^n,* 
b. Mav 30, 1811 ; m. Louisa Reed, of Middleboro', and had, Thomas.^ 
—(80) Betsey* b. Mar. 24, 1813 ; m. Thomas Miller, of Freetown.— 
(81) Jesse K.* b. Mar. 24, 1810; m. Lydia A. Rounsevill, of F., in 
1846, and had, Philander Gates,^ b. May, 1847. He died Nov. 18, 
1849, a. 33 ; and his widow, Lydia, m. Albert H. Chase, of F., and has 
several children by him. — (82) Buth* b. July 25, 1818 ; m. Ilendrick 
Giflbrd, of Rochester.— (83) William* b. Oct. 31, 1822 ; m. Abby Hud- 
son, of Taunton, and had : William / Frederick ;^ Mary T. ;^ Albert.' 
—(84) Gilbert* b. Dec. 31, 1827 ; m. Mary Macomber, of New Bed- 
ford.— (86) Thomas* b. June 20, 1831.— (86) Perigrine W.* b. 1830, 
d. Sept. 4, 1852. 

65. Gilbert* Rounsevill, by 1st wife Huldah, had : (87) Caroline* 
b. Sept. 17, 1811, killed Oct. 6, 1821, by a b*y who was playing 
with fire arms. — (88) Waller S.* b. Dec. 7, 1813 ; was selectman of 
F. 2 yrs, 1848-9, and a justice of the peace for Bristol County ; m. 
Ruth Evans, of F., Nov. 25, 1838, and had: Caroline,^ b. Dec. 16, 
1840 ; Imogene I.,^ b. June 27, 1844 ; Frank G.,^ b. Sept. 6, 1846, d. 
Dec. 6, 1846 ; Walter,^ b. Oct. 22, 1849 ; Mary A.,' b. June 26, 1853. 
He d. in California, Jan. 11, 1853 ; and his wid., Ruth, m. Samuel R. 



62 AhitracU from Early Deeds. [January, 

Brown, Esq., of P.— (89) Huldah* b. Mar. 21, 1816, m. William Dean, 
ofF., Mar. 20, 1831. 

By his 2d wife, Salome, he had : (90) Marcus Jf.,* + ^- J^"- ^^> 
1820 ; m. Nov. 26, 1846, Elizabeth C. Evans, b. at F., Sept. 26, 1828. 
—(91) Susan C.,« b. Nov. 3, 1824 ; m. John Long, of Bridgewater, 
Oct. 22, 1842. 

He was a deputy sheriflf for the County of Bristol, and for 2 years 
one of the selectmen of F. In 1827, he was chosed a representative 
to the General Court, but refused to serve. He was a soldier in the 
3d foot company of Freetown, and in actual service, at New Bedford, 
June, 1814, being a sergeant under Capt. Simeon Ashley. 

90. Capt. Marcus Morton* Rouxsevill, by wife Elizabeth C, had: 
(92) Myra,' b. Sept. 20, 1847.— (93) Luman D, L.J b. Oct. 2, 1849. 
—(94) Arthur,'' b. Aug. 10, 1851.— (95) Samuel B,,' b. Oct. 11, 1853, 
d. Aug. 15, 1854. 

He was commissioned 1st lieut. of Freetown Light Infantry, Nov. 
22, 1851, promoted to captain Mar. 19, 1853, and honorably discharged 
Feb. 1854. He was a selectman of F. 3 years, 1856, '57, '59, and 
rep. to the General Court, 1860. His wife, Elizabeth, is a dau. of 
Joseph* and Ruth (Winslow) Evans, and a descendant from David" 
Evans by his wife Sarah [Bailey ?] through John,* by w. Ruth Wins- 
low ; John,' by w. Eleanor Paine, and Joseph,* her father. Sarah, 
wife of David* Evans, I think, was a dau. of John Bailey, of Freetown, 
and Anna Bourne, his wife. The records of the First Congregationi^ 
Church in Freetown inform us that Mrs. Sarah Evans died Saturday, 
Sept. 15, 1750, and was buried on jjlonday, the 17th, and that she was 
"of a meek and quiet spirit, ^^ 



ABSTRACTS FROM THE EARLIEST DEEDS ON RECORD IN 
THE COUNTY OF SUFFOLK, MASS. 

I, Niclwlas Damson, of Charles Towne, in New England, marchant, 
consideration, £75 sterling, to me paid in three pipes of Canarie wine, 
by Robert Gannon, master of the shipp charitie, which said shipp was 
by M^ Robf. Riuett, marchant, and owner of the said shipp Charitie, 
bound vnto me the said Davidson, in £150 sterling, for the payment 
of £75 sterling, as more fully appeares in the deede on the other side,* 
vnder the said Robert Rivetts hand and scale, and in Regard sattisfac'on 
have binn made to me, the said Davison, by the Aforesaid Robt. Can- 
non, doe hereby Assigne all my Right of the Contract vnto the said 
Cannon, to Roceaue of the aforesaid Riuett to the Vse of the said 
Cannon or his Assignes. A prill 9, 1652, p' me, Nicholas Davison, 
Acknowledged 9 : 2 mo : 1652, before me. Increase Nowell, Recorded 
Aprill 11, 1652. Edward Rawson, Recorder. 

I, Robert Cannon, of London, master and Comander of the good 
shipp, called the charitie, of Boston, of the burthen of 60 Tunnes or 
thereabouts, now riding at anchor in Boston Harbor, in New England, 

• No such document appears on rcoord.— Editor. 



1865.] Braintree Troubles in 1683. 53 

for Certain Yallnable Consideration by me in band received, have 
scald vnto Charles Yeo^ marchant, and Beiyamin Oillum, ship-wright, 
of Boston, the said shipp cbaritie, with all and singular her masts, 
yards, sailes, Cables^ Anchors, gunns, Artillery, Ropes, tackles, boates, 
ddfie and all her fiinitnre whatsoever belonging to her, as she Rideth 
as aforesaid. To Have and to Hold the said shipp. To them the said 
Charles Yeo and Ber\jamin GiUum, their heires and Assignes, for euer, 
during the Raigne of the said shipp, to be to their own propper vses 
and behoofes ; and I, the said BobL Cannon, mine executors and Ad- 
ministrators, the said shipp and other the premisses hereby mentioned 
to be bargained and sold by these p'^nts to the said Charles Yeo and 
Be^famin OiUum, their executors and Administrators, against all men 
shall warrant and defend for a whole yeere and a day next after the 
date heereof, perrill of sea, fire, and ennimie only excepted. Aprill 8, 
1652.^ Robert Cannon. 

In the presents of 
Evan Tfunnas, Hugh Stone, 

Acknowledged 12 : 2 mo : 1652, before me, WiUiam Hibbins. 



BRAINTREE TROUBLES IN 1683. 

[Communicated by William S. Afplbton, A.M., of Bostxm.] 

To our Honoured Agents Joseph Dudley and John Richards, Esqrs. 

Besides the universall thanks of an whole colony, w** your faithful! 
and constant endeavours for the preservation of our Immunitys call 
for, and most really deserve, and our hearts and hands joyne in, Weo 
your poore Neighbours in Braintrey inhabitants, thinke ourselves 
bound to render our particular thankes for your most nervous and 
suitable answer exhibited to his Sacred Majesty and Council, to 
sundry reports exhibited and insinuated by Richard Thayer of our 
towne, Whose indeavours to persuade his Majestic and Council, that 
wee are discontented with, or tyrannized over by this Government, is 
utterly ffalse. That wee have sworne loyaltie, your selves can attest, 
which is more than ever hee practized if ever hee promised. Neither 
18 It likely, that hee that layes a traine, to blow up the reputation, liber- 
ty and rights of his poore Neighbours would (Like anoth' FFaux) refuse 
to put fire in a, more desperate Case. Had wee any complaints to 
make (as meaneas wee arc) wee could find more manly advocates, yet 
not so sordid, as (if possibly to bee avoided and evaded) to admitt 
such a bramble to rule over us. 

Wee (as to the Commission sent over) have attended It. Som- 
things are to bee practised, not disputed, of which nature this is. By 
^at (this Mr. Thay' as your Honours please to call him) is buoyed 
up, wee cannot see, but hee lookes like a litle Soveraigne here, before 
the power bee in his hands. And of a mushrome, bees swolne in 
conceipt to a Coloss, or giant of State, and drcames of a Dukedome or 
petty province, since at first esaay hee hath gotten a Maister-shippe. 
Hi« fathers shoppe who was a Cobler would now hardly conteine him 

Vol. XIX 6* 



54 Braintree Trauhles in 1683. [Januaiy, 

w^ his arms a Kembow. The vast tract of Land he makes such a 
puther about, is a meere Utopia, or if more, a derne * solitary desert, 
and his share therin can hardly reach the five hundredth part. As 
for the Limits of the Colonys, wee have nothing but records, They 
haveing bccne stated by a speciall order from his Majesty, above 
twenty five years since, and disputable only by M' Thayer, who hav- 
ing sold himselfe out of both Colonies, seeks to draw in Sovereigne 
Asistance, to Create him a new world betwecne them. The body of 
the towne are of one soule as to satisfaction in the present Govern- 
ment, and looke at themselves as basely traduced by Thayers Reports. 
Whose Cards had they beene good, hee had the less need of cheating 
fraud, and falshood to helpc him out. If any whose birth or breed- 
ing Braintry knows not, have Crept in to the skirts of our scattering 
towne at unawares, Such, and such only, can wee suspect, of wil- 
lingness to alter the present Goveniment, Whose despicable fortunes 
and spirits by such Innovations may bee heightned to doe their Innocent 
Neighbours a mischiefe and themselves no good. Our Consciences 
doe not Chide us for disloyalty Nor our Sovereigne. • 

Nor are wee afraid to looke our neighbour in the face, having hopes 
to bee believed in our reports as well as hee, who hath given out 
such vapouring words, as are sufficient to make an host of Cowards 
run out of y' wits, but wee hope none of us shall step out of the 
Colony. The same Clemency that hath appeared in our Sovereigne, 
to lend an eare to a single Complaint,f wee hope will not bee stopt at 
the petitions of many hundreds living, and thousands unbome, for the 
continuance of our wonted liberties, according to our ample Charter, 
By the Royall James, and by Charles the first of blessed Memory, and 
by our present and most Celebrated Sovereigne Continued, and which 
wee have never violated. Wee cease not day nor night, to pray for 
Ibis Royall p'son Our great defender under God, And for his most 
Honourable Council. Neither doe wee forget your Honours, our most 
iaithfull Advocats, But begge the most high to secure your persons. 
Succeed and prosper your Consultations, Dispatch your affaires, and 
hasten your returne, that thousands who at your departure disbursed 
floods of teares, may Once at length embrace you with an ocean of 
Joy. Your Hon" affectionately obliged serv** 

RicHARn Brackett, 
3rsintry, Newengland, Edmund Quinsey, 

I4U1 gth igg3 Samuel Tompson. 

Christopher Webb*. 

Caleb Hobart. 
Addressed " To our Honoured agents Joseph Dudley and John 
Richards, Esqrs., at London.'' 
Endorsed, in Dudley's hand, " Braintry." 

A curious document on this subject may be read in the Coll. o* 
Mass. Hist Soc, vol. xxxv. p. 104. It is a Remonstrance of the In- 
habitants of Braintree against the Complaint of Richard Thayer. The 
two are worthy of comparison. 

• Lonely. 

t An order of fhc Royal Council on Thayer's complaint, dated Whitehall, March 2, 
1682-3, may be foand among the papers at the State Hoose, relating to *' Landii," VoL 
i.pi«elS7. 



1865.] Declaration of Depvty Oovertior Synumdi. 65 



DECLARATION OF DEPUTY GOVERNOR SAMUEL SYMONDS. 

[Oommunlcftted by Frederic Kidder, Esq., of Boston.] 

Ths following document relative to the case mentioned by Rev. Joseph B. Felt, 
LL.D., m his HUtory of Ipswich^ Mass., p. 319, furnishes further and important par- 
Ckulara. •• Among the crying wrongs to some of our race," writes Rev. Dr. Felt, 
•• was that of stealing young people, transporting them to America, and selling them 
into servitude. Two of such sufferers were sold in 1654 to a respectable gentleman 
of Ipswich, for nine years, for £26 in corn or cattle. They were represented to him as 
trmsported • by order of the State.' They were William Downing and Philip Welch.* 
They were brought to Boston in the ship • Goodfellow.* They, with others, lived in 
Iidand, sU of whom were forcibly taken from their beds at night by men dressed as 
Esgliah soldiers, and compelled to go on board the vessel in which they came. The 
persons who practised such a crime were called * Spirits.' A royal order of England 
was passed against them in 1682. William Cunningham, keeper of the provost in 
Xew York while under the British forces in the revolution, ^nfessed he had been 
engaged in such nefarious emplo3rment, and that he embarked lor our country, in 1774, 
wtth some individuals of Ireland, whom he kidnapped." 

Capt. George Dell, who brought Downing and Welch to New England, died before 
August 26, 1655, as administration on his estate was then granted to his widow Abi« 
mSL See RegitUr, Vol. v. 443. An abstract of his will, dated Nov. 3, 1653, will be 
foond in the same volume, p. 442. At this date he was ** bound on a voyage to Sea 
from England to Ireland, and from Ireland to Virginia and from Virginia to New 
EnglaiuL" From this fact Mr. Savage conjectures that he died abroad {Gen. Die. ii. 
M) ; but it will be seen by the document below, that he returned to Boston, bringing 
these unwilling Irish emigrants with him. 

The Declaration of m'. Samuel Symonds in the case between him 
and his servants, William Downing and Philip Welch. 

To the hon'. Court. 

The plaintif declareth as folio we th, viz : That in y* yeare of our 
Lord 1654, he wanting servants and being in Boston at a gen'all Court, 
endeavoured to purchase a supply out of y® ship that (as was said) 
was newly come from Ireland. And accordingly he made a Bargan 
with George Dell, m' of y* ship called Goodfellow, for a certayne sume 
mentioned in y* writing betweenc the said master and the plaintif; 
which sume was alsoe truly paid according to the condic'ons therein 
expressed. And because there had come over many Irish before that 
tynae,* the plantif p^ccived that some questions were stirring in y' 
Court whether it were not best to make some stop (in reference to 
people of that nation) which occasioned the plaintif to make a p'viso 
for good assurance, as it is in the first part of y* said writing. But, 
when the Court had resolved to make an order onely for p'^venting of 
y* like for tyme to come, and the plaintif having new occasion of 
Treaty with the said master about the yonger and concerning a mis- 

♦ This Philip Welch was the grandfather of Father Samuel Welch, of Bow, N. H., who 
died April 5, 1823. at the extreme age of J 12. Sec a minute account of the latter in Farmer 
^ Uoore'i CoUectians, vol. ii. p. 148.— k. 

♦ Thifl is an important fact. Gov. Simon Bradstreet, in 1680, after giving an esthnate that 
there were then one hundred or one hundred and twenty negroes in Massachusetts, adds 
tfaaU there misbt be then in the colony •* as many Scots brought hither and sold for Servants 
in the time of the warr with Scotland, and most now married and living here, and ttbout 
kage JO many Irish, brought hither at teveraU Hmet as servants:*— Mass. Hist. CoU. xxviii. 



66 Declaration of Deputy Got^em^ Symands. [January 

take of his name &c. (in reference to him), there was a new agree- 
ment made, as appeareth in the said writing. And ever since, the 
f)laintif hath had the quiet possession and service of them according- 
y, untill about or neare the tyme of y* date of y Attachment. These 
defendants (his servants) coming in to family prayer, (without any 
p'vocac'on given) did in y* p'sence of y* family assembled vtterly deny 
any more service to or for their master the plaintif* And in discourse 
(this deniall being done) they p'pounded terms or condic'ons, but they 
were such as cannot stande with the relac'on of servants to impose 
upon their m' (as the plaintif conceiveth), which if granted, namely 
that they had not the power of Judgment ; Then still their deniall 
(being such) remayned as before And this their rejecting of his ser- 
vice was greatly to the distracc'on and damage of their m' in causing 
him to p'vide (in a legall way) for the securing of them ; not knowing 
otherwise any grounds to hold them safely vntill the matter be (ac- 
cording to lawe) decided. And the damage was so much y* greater, 
considering the tyme when this distracc'on was made. The plaintif 
then (though soe late in the yeare) not having planted one handfull 
of Indian come, nor plowed all the ground appointed for that ende ; so 
that vnles he would come to their Termes (and what they p 'pounded 
doth appeare upon evidence), he had little cause to expect any great 
crop at harvest, workmen then being soe hard to be p'cured. One of 
t^ese servants, namely William, was very hassardous. It is supposed 
that he remembreth and will not deny how ruffy his body was, And 
whether the Phizetian did not say that it was Leporous, And how his 
m'*' was afflicted and wept for feare of infecting the family, in soe 
much as meanes was vsed to cure him. And being in measure cured 
of his surfetts, yet he had a strong kinde of fitt w** would take him ; 
which caused great feare of his life, in case he should be taken when 
he was alone ; Nor likliwood of his cure, if he had bene forced back 
to Ireland, or sent to Virginia, &c. And the plaintif hopeth that 
(though they might have had better masters vet) they were free for 
such as would purchasse them. The m' of y* ship said he brought them 
over by order of y* then state of Engl : he meant (it seemeth) such as 
then ruled in all the three nations, who if he did ought amisse against 
them that he brought over, they should have had their remedy at his 
bands p^sently : or after have sought it at the hands of executors (not 
of y* purchassers as it is supposed) vnles the Bargans of soe many in the 
Country should be dissolved (w^ as is thought the Lawe will not ad- 
mitt ; noe not of any other country that we heare of. Concerning 
Philip, he was yonge ; thought to be about eleven yearcs of age ; 
And though his tyme be longe, yet the plaintif supposeth that many 
in the country have quiettly enjoyed their agreements, w*hout any act 
of justice past to take them from their masters, though sould for a 
longer tyme. And it is thought, that not a few from Engl : are bound 
to serve for neare as longe as these, paying little more then for their 
passage over ; And it may be well for y* servants alsoe, considering 
their advantages in this place. 

The plaintif reserveth liberty to expresse farther or make reply as 
occasion shall require. 



1865.] Names from Early Records. 57 



A MEMORIAL STONE IN WARWICK, MASS. 

Near the middle of the town of Warwick, which is the North East 
comer town of Franklin County, Mass., is situated Mount Grace, from 
the top of which, is a beautiful prospect, embracing a view of nearly 
fifty miles in every direction, exceedingly grand and picturesque. 
Tradition says the mountain was named for a child of Mrs. Rowland- 
son, who died and was buried near the foot of it, at the time she was 
taken captive by the Indians, at Lancaster, and carried to Canada. 
We find no proof of this assertion, in Mrs. Rowlandson's account of 
her captivity. — But what I was about to relate, is this. Capt. Daniel 
Noyes Smith, with wife and children, moved from Sudbury to War- 
wick in 1814. In October, 1864, the Parents having long since de- 
ceased, the surviving children, seven in number, had a family meeting 
in Warwick, at the house of one of the members. One had a wife 
with him, and two had husbands with them. The most remarkable 
part of the story is yet to be told. It was the first time in their lives, 
that the above Seven Brothers and Sisters had all been together, and 
their Parents had never seen them together, as the oldest of them had 
left home, before some of the younger ones were bom. The next day 
after the meeting, they visited the top of Mount Grace, and one of 
the number proposed to perpetuate the event, by engraving on the 
south face of a large granite rock, which lays on the top of the moun- 
tain, the names, in a single column, in the following order, and a 
reference to an appropriate text of scripture, of each surviving mem- 
ber of the family. — The record is this : 

The children of Capt. D. N. Smith visited this place, Oct. 8, 1864. 

Sally, Prov. 31, 25 ; Gilbert, Gen. 10, 9 ; Daniel, Luke 9, 60 ; Re- 
beckah. Pro. 31, 11 ; Adam, Gen. 4, 22 ; Mary, Ps. 37, 7 ; Relief, 
Prov. 81, 27. Eccl. 1, 4. 

The letters are cut deep, and will probably be legible two hundred 
years, and will undoubtedly cause much wonder in aftertimes. 

S. B. 



NAMES FROM AN EARLY BOOK OF RECORDS IN 
CHARLESTOWN, MASS.— 1693. 

Ah old book of Town Records exists in Charlestown, used by Elder 
Greene the Town Clerkj. to recopy a part of the first volume of Town 
Municipal transactions. It was originally a Merchant's Ledger (only 
a few pages used) brought from England. It is alluded to in Froth- 
ingham's History of Charlestown, page 2. There are six leaves (12 
pages) at the beginning, and one, detached and re-bound, in the midst 
of the volume ; with accounts kept in double-entry, and the following 
names are there found. The dates are all 1593 and 1594. The parties 
doing business were Abraham Cartwright, cittezen Drap. of London, 



58 Oleanings. [January, 

and Thomas Knowher, as representing the " Suffolk CloOies " corpora- 
tion or guild it may be, and the accounts are with the following per- 
sons : — 

James Askewe, Cittezen and Stationer of London ; Mjchell Be- 
ment of billston, Clothier ; Robert Boyer, Cittezen and Grocer of Ion- 
don ; Thomas Bramley, haberdasher, and Henry Farrington, Drap., 
Cittozens of london ; Thomas Branston of barfould in y' County of 
Suffolk, Clothier; John Bune (?) of same, clothier; John Cawton 
of hadley, Clothier ; William Co wlman of Rhylande ; Henry Cradocke 
of barfould, Clothier ; William Crenewell, Cittizen and merchant taylor 
of london ; Walter Flecher, marchantaylor, and Thomas Sturges, 
Salter — Cittizens of london; George Hewborde (?) of barfould. 
Clothier ; Thomas Lewes of barfould, Clothier. Barbery Kncale. 
George Lydeath. John Mathew, — John Michell, of barfould, Clothiers ; 
John Paniridge and Nathaniel Silvester, Drap. Cittezens of London ; 
William Rebulde (?) Cittezen and grocer of london ; John Suzan, the 
same ; George Smythe of hadley ; James Uptone (?) ; Stephen Wood- 
g^te of barfould. Clothier. 

The style of writing is of the antique law-text, capitally well 
done. The ink remains black, upon thick, imperishable paper, and 
it is quite a relique of some old English names. For Knowher, see 
Register, iii. 80. W. 



GLEANINGS. 

[By W. H. W.] 
Continaed from Vol. xviii. page 268. 
63. 
The following sermon is omitted by Rev. Chas. Brooks in the list 
of TuroU's publications, printed in the History of Medford. 

" Ministers should carefully avoid giving Offence in any Thing ; 
Inculcated in a Sermon preached at Cambridge, September 12, 1739, 
when the Reverend Mr Samuel Cooke was ordain'd Pastor of a Church 
of Christ, newly gathered in that part of the Town called Menatomy. 
By Ebenezer Turell, A.M. Pastor of the Church in Medford. 1 Tim. 
iii. 2 ; 1 Cor. x. 32. Boston : printed by J. Draper : for J. Edwards, 
in Comhill, 1740.'' 8vo. pp. 29. 

64. 

In my last, I mentioned that John Hinds, jr., of Brookfield, m. 
Hannah Whitaker. It seems highly probable that her true name was 
Corlis, and not Whitaker ; and I present the following reasons for 
this assertion. 

John Corliss, of Haverhill (presumed by Savage to bo the son of 
George and Joane C.) married 17 Dec. 1684, Mary Wilford, and had : 
John, b. 14 Mch, 1686-6 ; Mary, 26 Feb. 1687 ; Thomas, b. 2 Mch, 
1689-90 ; Hannah, b. 1691-2? ; Timothy, b. 13 Dec. 1693 ; Jonathan, 
16 July, 1696 ; Mehitable, b. 6 May, 1698. These seven children, 



1S65.J Diary o/MUs Mary Fleet. 59 

including Sdnnah, whose birth is not recorded, are mentioned in the 
account rendered 3 May, 1708, by Mary Whitaker, adm'x on the 
estate of her late husband, John Corliss. 

It seems the widow married 28 Jan., lt02-3, William Whitaker, 
and had by him : Rachel, b. 4 Nov., 1703 ; Susanna, b. 13 Jan., 
1705-6 ; Hannah, b. 20 Feb., 1707-8 ; Abraham, b. 17 April, 1711. 
She was William Whitaker's second wife, and by his first wife he had 
Hannah, b. 7 Aug., 1693 — still this child no doubt died, since he had 
a second child, by his second wife, thus named. 

Now, as we know of no other Hannah Whitaker, bom in 1692, and 
as this marriage would explain why Hannah Corlis should be called 
commonly Whitaker, and since the veritable Hannah Hinds, the he- 
roine of the Indian war, named one son Corlis Hinds, I think it most 
probable that she was the daughter of John Corlis, and step-daughter 
of William Whitaker. 



65. 
John Corlis married, as we have seen, Mary Wilford, who was 
no doubt the daughter of Gilbert Wilford, of whom Savage says little, 
bat who had the following children born at Merrimack : Mary, 18 
Nov., 1667, and Martha, 8 Jan., 1669-70, and at Bradford had Ruth, 
b. 15 May, 1672, and Nathaniel, b. 20 May, 1675. I do not know 
when he died, but his son, Nathaniel, was a soldier, and d. probably 
onm. in 1706, when adm. was granted to his sister Martha, wife of 
Joseph Greely (Essex Wills, ix. 56). His other sister, Ruth, m. 
Thomas Ayer, jr. Perhaps Josiah Oage, of Haverhill, was a relative, 
as in his will (Essex Wills, xii. 46), he gives something to his cousin 
Whitaker, wife of William Whitaker. 



EXTRACTS PROM THE DIARY OP MISS MARY PLBBT, 
BOSTON, 1755—1803. . 

[Commanicated by Hen&t Eliot, Esq., Boston.] 

Nov. 1755. At a quarter after four in y* morning of y* 18th day 
there was a terrible earthquake which shattered the whole Town very 
moch and threw down a great many chimneys and parts of many 
houBes. Another small shock took place about six y* same morning. 
Dr. Sewall preached at 11 o'clock in the forenoon to a very crowded 
audience from the words in Mark, Chap. 13, verse 36. Lest coming 
suddenly he find you sleeping. 

Thursday was kept as a day of Fast. 

Dec. 4. Being Thanksgiving day Mr. Prince preached from Psalm 
y* 2. verse 2. Rejoice with trembling. 

1756. Thursday July 1. At y* desire of our ministers was kept as 
a day of humiliation and prayer for our Brethren who have gone 
against Crown Point. Present the Rev Mr Prince and the Rcv^ Mr 
Pemberton. 

Thursday July 22. Being a day of Public fasting and prayer for 



60 Diary of Miss Mary Fleet. [January, 

y* soldiers who have gone against Crown Point, Mr. Prince preached 
from those words in Psalm 60, verse 16. And call upon me in the 
day of trouble. I will deliver thee and thou shall glorify me. 

1767. Jan. 23. The Earl of Loudon was at meeting. Dr. Sew- 
all preached. 

April y* 10, being y« Sabbath after y* Hon"' Spencer Phips died, 
Dr. Sewall preached from Isaiah y* 2d, verse 22. 

Thursday Nov. 17, 1767. Being a day of Public Thanksgiving in 
y* morning D' Sewall preached from Gen. Chap. 32, verse 10. 

Wednesday Sept. 27, 1768, was kept as a day of prayer to God for 
the ReV Mr. Prince who lay dangerously ill. 

Sunday, between 6 and 6 o^clock in y* afternoon, the Rev* Mr 
Prince departed this life after a mo'nths languishment to y* inexpressi- 
ble sorrow of his Church and Congregation over whom he had been 
ordained Pastor 40 years y* first day y' month on which he died, 
which was Oct. 22, 1768, his Funeral was attended y* Saturday fol- 
lowing at y* expense of his Church who have a just sense of his 
worth and of their own irreparable loss in his death. 

Sunday morning Oct. 29, 1768. D' Sewall preached a Funeral Ser- 
mon on y* ReV Mr. Prince. 

Tuesday July 10. The Old South Church observed as a day of Hu- 
miliation and prayer for directions in the choice of a Minister to suc- 
ceed y* Rev* Mr. Prince. 

Thursday Oct. 26, 1769, was kept as a day of general Thanksgiving 
for the reduction of Quebcck. 

Sunday Nov 18, D' Sewall preached an excellent Sermon on y* un- 
certainty of Riches it being y* Sabbath after a most terrible Fire at 
y* bottom of Milk Street in which about 12 houses were consumed. 

Sunday, March 20. Rev. Mr. Walley, of Ipswich, preached in the 
afternoon, he was a sufferer by the late fire, losing a dwelling house 
that was left him by his Father. 

Sunday, March 1, 1761. The first Sabbath after Mr. Cummings' 
Installment. Being the Sabbath after the death of Mrs. Waldo 2* 
daughter of Secretary Oliver. She died of a Consumption at Casco- 
Bay, having been married months. 

Thursday, Dec. 3. This day was kept as a day of public Thanks- 
giving. 

March 28, 1799. About 6 o'clock this afternoon, died Mrs. Ann 
Joy, youngest sister of D' Eliot, aged 33. 

Mrs. Walley was buried, aged 61. 

May 8. Last night at 12 o^clock died Mr. James Cutler, aged 32. 

Saturday May 11th. This morning at two o'clock we were awaked 
with the cry of fire which was a large Barn near Liberty tree, it con- 
sumed ten new tenements belonging to Mr. and three houses 

with a number of Barns, thro' Divine goodness no lives were lost, 
about 6 o'clock a beam fell on a Boy who it is hoped will recover. 
One horse, a Cow, Calf and several Hogs were burnt. 

Sunday May 12. Put into the box £1.14. what my Pew is assessed 
for a present to D' Eckley. 

June 6. Gave 20s. to Mrs Prime for 12 pounds of Coffee. 

June 7. At one o'clock the Bell began to toll announcing the 
Death of Governor Sumner, aged 63. 

Thursday Jan 9, 1800. This day has been spent in funeral Honors 



1865.] Records of Springfield, M€u$. 61 

to General Washington. At a meeting at the Old South D' Eckley 
made a prayer and Judge Minot delivered an Oration. The Pulpit and 
Galleries were all in black, even the sounding board was covered 
with black cloth. 

May 10. About 12 o'clock this day my intimate friend and neigh- 
bor Mrs Cutler died, aged 72. 

March 1801. Died Wm. Peck, aged 83. 

June 9, 1801. Mr. Whitwell died, aged 84. 

Dec 16, 1801. Last night at 11 o'clock died my. friend and neigh- 
bour Sarah Moses aged 80. 

16th, about 2 o'clock this morning a fire broke out on a Wharf in 
Ann Street which raged till it consumed 16 Houses & Stores. 

Jan 5, 1802. Mr John Switcher was buried. 
" 6, " Judge Minot was buried. 

Joly " Ezekiel Price was buried, aged 74. 

Nov 6, " This day was put up a Chandelier in our Church. 
Cost 800 dollars. 

March 22, 1803. Died Mrs McCarty, at Roxbury, aged 70. 

May 17. Died Mr. John Codman, aged 48. 

Oct. 2. This morning died old Governor Adams, aged 82. 



RECORDS OF SPRINGFIELD, MASS. 

[Ck>mmaxiicatcd by Chas. H. S. Datib, New York.] 

Continacd from Vol. xviii. poge 147. 

Births. 

Rebeca y* Daughter of John & Mary Dumbleton, borne Oct, 4, 166t 

Sarah y* Daughter of Japhet & Chapin, " 

born at Milford, Mch 15, 1668 
Samuell Son of Samuell & Mary Ely, " May 9, 1668 
Daniel bagg Son of John bagg and hana bagg, " May 12, 1668 
James Warrener Son of James Warrener, " July 19, 1668 
Hannah Hitchcock daughter of John and Han- 
nah Hitchcock, '' Sept. 10, 1668 
A child of John Bliss born Sept. 8, 1669, w** died 2 days after. 
Anna y* Daughter of Mr. Pelatiah Glover, borne Aug. 21, 1668 
Eben Ezery [Ebenezer] y' Son of Benjamin Parsons, " Nov. 17, 1668 
Sarah Ferry y* Daughter of Charles Ferry, " Dec. 16, 1668 
Rebecca y* Daughter of James Taylor and Mary 

his wife, '* Nov. 18, 1668 
Thomas Horton Son of Jeremy Horton and Mary 

his wife, " Nov. 30, 1668 

David Burt Son of Nathaniel and Rebecca Burt " 1668 
Mary y* Daughter of Rowland Thomas & Sarah 

his wife, " Jan. 9, 1668 

Elizabeth y* Daughter of John & Sarah Eeepe, " Nov. 15, 1668 

John Day y« Son of Thomas & Sarah Day, " Feb. 20, 1668 
Vol. XIX. 6 



62 



Records of Springfield, Mass. 



[January, 



Hannah y* Daughter of John & Sarah Scott, 
Hary y* daughter of Jno. & Joanna Lamb, 
Bebecca daughter of Sam'U & Ann Ferry, 
Hannah y* Daughter of Abell & Martha Wright, 
Mercy y* Daughter of William & Mary Brooks, 
Mehetabell y^ Daughter of Thomas & Sar£^ 

Miller, 
Rarah y* Daughter of John Harman, 
t/ames y* Son of Jaftnes Taylor & Mary his wife, 
xianiell y* Son of Joseph and Mary Crowfoote, 
James Hunter Son of William Hunter. 
James Mirick Son of Thomas & Elizabeth 

Mirick, 
William Bliss Son of Lawrence & Lidia Bliss, 
John y* Son of John & Hannah Hitchcocke, 
Sarah y* Daughter of James & Elizabeth 

Warrener, 
John Cooper y* Son of Timothy & Elizabeth 

Cooper, 
Samuell ^Keepe S. of John Keepe & Sarah his 

wife, 
Abigaill Lamb Daughter of John & Joanna 

Lamb, 
John Burt Son of Nathaniel & Rebecca Burt, 
Elizabeth Lobdell Daughter of Lyman Lobdell, 
Jonathan Bagg Son of John & Hannah Bagg, 
Mary y* Daughter of Samuell & Mary Bliss, 
Mary Petty daughter of John & Annie Petty, 
Timothy Horton Son of Jeremy Horton, 
Margaret Marshfeild daughter of Samll Marsh- 
. feild, 

Mary Parsons Daughter of Benjamin Parsons, 
A Daughter of Samuell Ferry, Stillborn 
John Bliss Son of John & Patience Bliss, 
Nathanell Son of Samuell & Mary Ely, 
Hary Colton Daughter of IsaakA Mary Coulton, 
Bcnoni Barnard Son of Richard & Sarah Barnard, 
Mercy the Daughter of Rowland Thomas, 
If ary Perry Daughter of Charles Ferry, 
Margeret Daughter of John & Sarah Scott, 
Thomas Son of Japhet & Abiline Chapin, bom 

at Milford, 
Ifathaneel Son of Miles & Elizabeth Morgan, 
Bebecca Cooley Daughter of Obadiah Oooley 

& Rebecca his wife, 
Mary Harman Daughter of John & Mary Har- 
man, 
Bamuell Day Son of Thomas and Sarah Day, 
Henry Wright Son of Abell Wright, 
Joseph Miller Son of Thomas & Sarah Miller, 
IToshua Lobdell Son of Symon Lobdell, 
iBenjattrin Brooke Son of WiiHam ft Mary 

Brooke, 



bom Oct. 16, 1668 

" July 19, 1669 

" July 25, 1669 

July 28, 1669 

- Aug. 25, 1669 

" Nov. 12, 1669 
Oct. 14, 1669 

" Nov. 26, 1669 
Jan. 23, 1669 

" Nov. 30, 1669 

*' Mch 2, 1669-TO 
" Aprill 28, 1610 
" April 13, 1670 

Aug. 1, 1670 

Jan. 24, 1670 

" Aug. 22, 1670 

" Sept. 20, 1670 
" Aug. 23, 1670 
Oct. 7, 1669 
Nov. 2, 1670 
" Aug. 14, 1670 
'' Mch 27, 1670 
" Nov. 25, 1670 

" Dec. 23, 1670 

" Dec. 17, 1670 

Dec. 12, 1670 

Sept. 7, 1669 
" Jan. 18, 1670 
" Mch 30, 1671 

April 2, 1671 
'' May 15, 1671 

June 6, 1671 
" Feb. 25, 1670 

May 20, 1671 
" June 14, 1671 

" Aug. 23, 1671 

" Oct. 23, 1671 

" May 20, 1671 

" May 23, 1671 

" Dec. 13, 1671 

" Dec. 23, 1671 

" July 26, 1671 



1865.] 



Records of Springfield j Mass. 



Benjamin Bemon Son Symon Bemon, 

Mary Taylor Daughter of James Taylor, 

Nathaneel Bliss Son of John & Patience Bliss, 

John Son of Wm. Hunter, 

Ephraim Ferrey Son of Samll & Anne Ferry, 

Matthew Croofut Son of Joseph k Mary Croofut, 

John Sikes Son of Increase Sikes, 

Samuel Hitchcock Son of John & Hannah 

Hitchcock, 
Retnrne Barber Son of John k Bathsheba barber, 
M^fj Daughter of Mr. Pelatiah Glover, 
Elizabeth Cooper Daughter of Timothy & Eliza- 
beth Cooper, 
John Horton Son of Jeremiah Horton, 
Mary Barnard Daughter of Richard & Sarah 

Barnard, 
Joseph Petty Son of John Petty, 
Jonathan Bliss Son of Samuell Bliss and Mary 

his wife, 
Jonathan Ely Son of Samuell & Mary Ely, 
William Warrener Son of James & Elizabeth 

Warrener, 
Deliverance a Son and Thankfull a Daughter, 

Twins of William Brooks & Mary his wife, 
Bethiah Chapin Daughter of Henry Chapin, 
Experience Daughter Thomas & Sarah Miller, 
Sarah Daughter of Isaak & Mary Coulton, 
Abigaill Daughter of John Bagg, 
Ephraim Son of Ephraim & Mary Coulton, 
Ebannah Daughter of John & Sarah Keep, 
John Son of James & Mary Taylor, 
Samuell Son of Thomas & Desire Cooper, 
Nathaneel Son of Increase Sikes, 
Sarah Daughter of Nathaneel & Rebecca Burt, 
Sarah Daughter of Obadiah & Rebecca Cooley, 
Hezekiah Son of Benjamin Parsons, 
Mary Daughter of Samuell & Mary Ball, 
Bebecca Daughter of Samuell & Anne Ferrey, 
John Son of David Ashley, 
Joseph Ashley Son of David Ashley, 
Sarah Ashley Daughter of David Ashley, 
Jonathan Son of Victory Sikes, 
Sarah Daughter of Jonathan Ball, 
Sarah y* Daughter of John Holtum, 
Gershom Ferry Son of Chas. Ferry, 
Ebenezer Son of John & Sarah Scott, 
Nathanell Holkum Son of Nath. & Mary Holkum, 
Thomas Son of Thomas & Abigail Stebbin, 
John Day Son of Thomas & Sarah Day, 
Abigaill Mirick Daughter of Thomas Mirick, 
Nathaneel Ely Son of Samuell & Mary Ely, 

Bemon Daughter of Symon, 

Thomas Bliss Son of John & Patience Bliss, 



63 

bom Aug. 20, 16U 
" Dec. 28, 16TI 
*' Jan. 20, 1611 
" Mch 23, 1671-2 
Feb. 3, 1671 
April 6, 1672 
" Aprill 23, 1672 

" Aug. 21, 1672 

" May 29, 1672 

Apl 17, 1672 

" Jan. 21, 1672 
'* Sept. 12, 1672 

" Dec. 11, 1672 
^^ Sept. 27, 1672 

Jan. 5, 1672 
" • July 1, 1672 

Jan. 6, 1672 

" Feb. 28, 1672 

" Feb. 19, 1672 

May 9, 1678 

'* June 11, 1673 

" Aprill 23, 1673 

Feb. 8, 1672 

" June 28, 167? 

" Mch U, 1672-8 

June 7, 1673 

July 7, 1678 

" July 17, 1678 

Aug. 3, 1673 

" Nov. 24, 1673 

" June 12, 1673 

Dec. 6, 1673 

June 27, 1669 

" July 31, 1671 

" Sept. 19, 1673 

Dec. 16, 1673 

" Dec. 31, 1673 

Oct. 6, 1673 

" Mch 19, 1673-4 

Aug. 3, 1673 

" June 11, 1673 

" Jan. 28, 1673 

" Sept. 20, 1673 

Sept. 7, 1673 

" April 26, 1674 

June 11, 1678 

Oct. 29, 1678 



64 Warren. [JanuaFy, 

Martha Bliss Daughter of Samucll Bliss & 

Mary his wife, born June 1, 16H 

John Chapin Son of Japhet & Abilene Chapin, *' May 14, 1614 

Mary Daughter of Jeremiah & Mary Ilorton, " July 20, 1674 

Daniell Son of Richard & Sarah Barnard, '* Sept. 3, 1674 
Jonathan Son of Jonathan Ashley & Sarah his 

wife borne at Hartford, Aug. 23, 1674 

Pelatiah Son of Lawrence & Lidia Bliss, " Aug. 19, 1674 

Joshuah Lamb Son of John & Joanna Lamb, " Oct. 3, 1674 

Joseph Son of Joseph & Sarah Stebbin, " Oct. 4, 1674 

David Son of Joseph Crowfoote, " Oct. 11, 1*74 

Samuell Taylor Son of James & Mary Taylor, *' Sept. 26, 1674 

Jonathan Brooke Son of William & Mary Brooke, *' Oct. 13, 1674 

Prudence Daughter of Isaac & Abigail Morgan, " Nov. 12, 1674 

MargareteDaughterofNathaneel& Margaret Foot, " Dec. 15, 1674 

Increase Son of Increase & Abigail Sikes, " Jan. 1, 1674 

Mary Daughter of Joseph & Mary Thomas, '* Dec. 9, 1674 

Anna Lobdell Daughter of Symon Lobdcll, ** Dec. 1, 1674 

Josiah CoultonSon of Ephraim & Mary Coulton, " Oct. 7, 1674 

Hannah Daughter of William Hunter, '* Dec. 6, 1674 

Thomas Barber Son of John & Bathsheba Barber, ' * Feb. 4, 1674 
Prudence Morgan daughter of David & Mary 

morgan, " 

Hannah y* Daughter of James & Elizabeth 

Warrener, borne Feb. 13, 1674, about Sunrising. 

Mary Leonard Danghler of Joseph & Mary Leonard, 

Hannah Ilarman Daughter of Joseph Harman 

of Southfeild, " Feb. 23, 1674 

Mary Daughter of Abell & Martha Wright, *' Mch 9, 1676 

Abigail Daughter of Thomas Stebbin, '* May 27, 1676 

Francis Ball Son of Samuell «k Mary Ball, " Aprill 4, 1676 

Sarah Daughter of Nathaneel Burt, " April, 1676 

Jonathan Sikes Son of Victory & Elizabeth Sikes, *' July 17, 1676 

Anna petty Daughter of John & anna petty, ** May 19, 1676 
Ebenezer Holliday Son of Walter & Catharine 

Holliday, '' Aug. 30, 1676 

James Bag Son of Jno. Bag, " 1676 

Margarite Daughter of Jonathan & Sarah Bal, " Oct. 8, 1676 

Joseph Son of Benjamin Parsons, *' Dec. 1676 
Mary Cooley Daughter of Obadiah & Rebecca 

Cooley, '* Dec. 19, 1676 

Jabez Keep Son of John & Sarah Keep, ** Dec. 11, 1676 



Warren. — Edmund, or Edward, Warren (also Waring, and Wareing) resided 
in Queen's Village, Lloyd's Neck, L. I., from about 1690 to 1717, and married in 
1698, or thereabout, th^ daughter of Sergeant John Bouton, of Norwalk, Conn. 
He is supposed to have been born in Rhode Island, where his father was probably 
one of the early proprietors. — Whose son was he ? s. w. p. 



1865.] WUUam WerUwortk and his OraTidchUircn. 65 



WILLIAM WENTWORTH — THE EMIGRANT SETTLER— 
AND HIS GRANDCHILDREN. 

[Camnnixiicated by Hon. John Wextworth, A.M., of Chicago.] 
CoDtinaed from Tol. xriii. pa^ 63. 

Samuel* WentwortHi 

tt« was bom at Dover, 1640, married Mary Benning, from Tatmour. 
Hi^h Gross in Loiulon, and died at Portsmouth, 25th March, 1690. 
His widow m. Hon. Richard Martyn, and died 20th Jan., 1724-5, aged 
77 yrs. Children : 

I. Samuel,^ b. 9th April, 1666, m. (Ist) Hannah, dau. of Andrew 
and Hannah (Bradstreet) Wiggin, of Hampton, N. H. ; (2d) at Bos- 
ton, 12th Nov., 1691, Elizabeth Hopson ; (3rd) 28th Oct., 1699, the 
widow of Capt. Christopher Goffe. He died at Boston in 1736. He 
had children, but none lived to be married. 

II. Daniel^ b. 2l8t Octk, 1669, and died unmarried 5th Jan., 1690. 
IIL John'' [Lt. Gov.], 1. 16th Jan., 1671. See Faro. 1 of Gen. 3. 

IV. Mary* b. 5th Jan., 1673, m. about 1690, (1st) Samuel Rymes, 
of Portsmouth, N. H., who died about 1712, leaving children, some 
of whose descendants are believed to be still living. In 1717, she 
was the wife of Dr. John Clifton, and his widow in 1731. She died 
at Portsmouth, N. H., about 1743, with jxD.duldren-by CUfton. 

V. Ebenezer,^ b. 9th April, 1677, m. 9th Aug., 1711, Rebecca, dau. 
of David and Elizabeth (Usher) Jeffries. She died at Portsmouth, 
N. H., 2nd July, 1721, and he died there 14th Sept., 1747. They left 
Samuel,* b. l^th Nov., 1714, David,* b. 17th Oct., 1716, Ebenezer,* b. 
20th May, 1720, all of whom died childless ; Samuel,* m. Rebecca, 
daa. of James and Rebecca (Lloyd) Oliver of Boston, moved to New 
Market, N. H., where he died aged about 70, and his widow married 
Simpson, and died there. 

VJ. Dorothy,* b. 27th June, 1680, m. Henry Sherburne, Counsellor, 
Chief Justice, &c. &c., and died 3rd January, 1754, at Portsmouth, 
N. H., where he died 29th Deer., 1757. Her numerous descendants 
are left for the Sherburne genealogist. 

VII. Benmng* b. 28th June, 1682, and died before his father. 

JoHK WB>npwoRTH,' b. 16th Jan., 1671, m. Sarah, dau. of (as the fa- 
oily records in England have it) Mark Hunking, of Devonshire, Eng. 
She conveyed, 5th April, 1740, land as the " only child and heir of 
Mark Hunking" ; who is now thought to be not the Counsellor and 
Jsdge, but the Mark whose widow Mary married Rev. John New- 
march, of Kittery, Maine, 5th Deer., 1699. He was appointed Coun- 
8dUorl711, Judge 1713, and Lt. Governor (N. H. then having no 
Oo^emor) 1717. He died 12th Deer., 1730. She died 1st April, 1741, 
hi her 68th year. Their children were : 

1. Benning* b. 24th July, 1696, and died 14th Oct., 1770. He m. 
<l8t) Abigail, dau. of John Ruck, of Boston, 3l8t Deer., 1719, and 
ahedied 8th Nov., 1755. By her he had three sons who died single^ 
He m. (2nd) 15th March, 1760, Martha, grand dau. of Hon. Richard 

Vol. XIX 6* 



66 William Wentworth and his Grandchildren* [January; 

Hilton, of New Market, N. H. He had children by her, but all died 
before him. He died 14th Oct., 1770, at Portsmouth. She died there 
28th Deer., 1805, aged 68. She m. (2nd) 19th Deer., 1770, Col. 
Michael Wentworth, of Yorkshire, England, who died whilst on a 
visit to New York, 25th Sept., 1795, aged 76, leaving Martha, boln 
7th Jan., 1802, who m. John* Wentworth, a grandson of Benning^'s 
brother Mark Hunking* Wentworth, and author of WentworOi^ 8 Plead* 
ing%. 

In 1741, New Hampshire was allowed a full Governor instead of a 
Lt. Gov., subordinate to the Governor of Mass., and he received the 
appointment and held it until the infirmities of age required him to 
resign in 1767. 

2. Hanking,* b. 19th Deer., 1697, and died at Portsmouth, N. H., 
2lBtSept., 1784. He m. (1st) Elizabeth, dau. of Hon. Richard Wibird, 
and she died the 27th Deer., 1731, in her 23rd year, leaving Sarah,* 

who m. John Penhallow. He m. (2nd) Elizabeth , who died 24th 

Pebr'y, 1742, in her 32nd year, [leaving Elizabeth,* who m. Capt. 
Samuel Warner. lie m. f3rd) Margaret, b. 11th March, 1709, dau. 
of Lt. Gov. George and Elizabeth (Elliot) Vaughan. She died 26th 
Feb., 1788. He was Chairman of the Coij^Tnittee of Safety at Ports- 
mouth. 

3. Hannah* b. 4th July, 1700, and died at Portsmouth, N. H., 
12th Deer., 1769. She m. (Ist) Srfmuel Plaistcd, of Berwick, Maine, 
who died 20th of March, 1731-2 ; and (2nd) Hon. Theodore Atkinson, 
who died 22nd Sept., 1779, aged 82. They had Theodore, Jr.,* who 
m. 13th May, 1762, his cousin Frances,* dau. of Samuel* Wentworth, 
of Boston, and he died childless 28th Oct., 1769, and she m. 11th 
Nov., 1769, her cousin Gov. John* Wentworth. The portraits of 
Theodore Sr. and Jr. and their wives are with Hon. Asa Freeman, of 
Dover, N. H. 

4. Sarah,* b. 24th June, 1702, and died 27th March, 1776. She 
m. (let) Hon. Archibald McPhedris, who died 1728, by whom she 
had Mary,* who m. (Ist) John Osborn, and after his death became the 
second wife of Hon. Jonathan Warner. 

Sarah* became the second wife of Hon. George Jalfrey, Jr., 9th 
March, 1738-9, and had no children by him. He died 8th May, 1749, 
in his 66 th year. 

5. John',*h. 19th Oct., 1703, and died 24th Nov., 1773. Gradu- 
ated H. C. 1723, and was Judge from 1754 to his death. He is 
often confounded with his nephew Gov. John.* He m. Sarah Hull, of 
Bridgewater, Island of Barbadoes, sister to Hugh Hall of Boston, 
and to the last wife of his brother William.* The portraits of these 
ladies are with Hon. Norman Williams, of Woodstock, Vt., who mar- 
ried a descendant. He had only one son, Hugh Hall* Wentworth, 
who died whilst Governor of the Grenadas, and left no son to be mar- 
ried. John* had soveral daughters, whose descendants are very 
numerous. Among them are PI on. Thomas S. Brown, of Montreal, 
Oanada; Hon. Thomas S. Storrow, late Mayor of Lowell, Mass. ; and 
Col. Thomas W. Higginson, of Worcester, Mass. Mrs. W. died during 
the week that ended 3rd March, 1790, aged 79. 

6. William* b. 10th Dec, 1705, and died 15th Dec, 1767. He 
lived at Kittery, Maine. He m. (Ist) 2nd Oct., 1729, Margery, sis- 



1865.] William Wmtmrtk and his GtanAcJnldreii. 61 

ter* of Sir William Pepperrell. He served as " Captain '* in most 
of the military expeditions of his day. She died about 1748. He 
m. (2nd) 26th May, 1760, Mary, widow of Adam Winthrop, and 
sister of her last husband's brother Johns's wife, with whom 
she died, childless, during the week ending 3rd February, 1790, 
aged 77. Of his nine children, the descendants are numerous 
on the side of his daughters ; but John,* alone, of his sons, had 
children, and the descendants of these children are very numer- 
ous and extensively scattered. John,* b. at Kittery, Me., 23rd Feb., 
1736, and died at Cape Elizabeth, Me., 9th June, 1781. Among the 
descendants of this John,* is Mark F.* Wentworth, M.D., of Kit- 
tery, Me. 

T. Mary* b» 7th May, 1707, and died November, 1743-4. She 
m. Temple Nelson, of Boston, whose widow she was in 1740 ; but 
she was the wife of John Steele, of Boston, 20th Feb., 1743. Her 
children were John Nelson, Counsellor, of N. 11. in 1761, and after- 
wards went to Grenada and died there, and Mary Nelson, who was the 
first wife of Col. Jonathan Warner, of Portsmouth, N. H. 

8. Samuel* h, 15th Jan., 1708, and died I6th Deer., 1766. Mer- 
chant in Boston. Married 17th Oct., 1732, Elizabeth, dau. of Henry 
and Elizabeth (Packer) Deering, b. 20th Nov., 1715. She died 
at her son Benning*'s residence in London, England, 6th April, 1786. 
They had but one son who lived to be married, Benning,* b. 16th 
March, 1757, at Boston, and married in Hereford, England, Anne 
Bird, 15th Jan., 1784. He died in Halifax, 1808, where he held 
many high official positions, and among his descendants is Lt. Wil* 
liam Fitzwilliam Wentworth, of Deptford, Kent, England. 

Samuel^ had daughters : 

(1) Sarah,* b. 19th Deer., 1735, m. 20th July, 1755, James Ap- 
thorpe, of Braintree, Mass., and was the mother of Mrs. Perez Mor- 
ton, the distinguished poetess. 

(2) Elizabeth,* b. 2nd Deer., 1737, and m. (1st) John Gould, (2nd) 
Nathaniel Rogers, (3rd) William Lee Perkins, of Boston. 

(3) Mary,* b. 4th May, 1743, m. 29th Oct., 1765, Gen. George 
Bnnley, who left the country at the Revolution, and was Commissary 
General for British North America. He died at Halifax in 1810, and 
his widow survived him many years. Among his descendants was 
the late Catherine Frances Gore, the authoress. 

(4) Frances,* b. 30th Sept., 1745, m. (Ist) her cousin Theodore 
Atkinson, Jr., 13th May, 1762, who died childless 28th Oct., 1769, 
and (2nd) 11th Nov., 1769, another cousin, Gov. John,* son of Mark 
Hanking^ Wentworth. She was known as " Lady Wentworth," and 
died at Lurring Hill, Berks, England, in 1813. 

9. Mark Bunking* b. 1st March, 1709, and died at Portsmouth, 
N. n., 29th Deer., 1785. He m. Elizabeth, dau. of John and Ann 
(Odiorne) Rindge. She died at Portsmouth, N. H., 20th Nov., 1794, 
aged 78. Three children survived them, viz. : 

(1) John,* "Gov. John," christened at Portsmouth, N. H., 14th 
Aug., 1736-7, grad. H. C. 1755, appointed Governor of N. H. 11th 
Aug., 1766, appointed Lt. Gov. of Nova Scotia 14lh May, 1792, 

• Dr. Pamms In hte Life of PcpporroU (3d cd., p. 16), calls her a daughter of Andrew aad 
ft Bieee of Sir William Pepperrell.— Ed. 



68 William Wenitoortk (mi his GmndcJuldren. [January, 



t 



created a Baronet 1795, and died at Halifax, N. S., 8th April, 1820. 
He m. 11th Nov., 1769, his cousin Frances,* dau. of Samuel* Wont- 
worth and widow of Theodore Atkinson, Jr., who died at Lurring 
Hill, Berks, England, in 1813. Their only child, Charles Mary,* b. at 
Portsmouth, N. H., 20th Jan., 1775, died unmarried, 10th April, 1844, 
at Hingsand, Devon, England. 

^2) Thomas,* christened 27th April, 1739-40, grad. H. C. 1758, 
ana died at Portsmouth, N. H., in 1768. He m. Anne, dau. of Judge 
John Tasker, of Marblehead, Mass. ; and she m. (2Qd) 25th March, 
1770, Capt. Henry Bellew, of Exeter, England, and died there about 
1802, with no children by last husband. By her first husband, she 
had : Mark,* who died single, a Lieutenant in the British Navy ; 
John,* author of Wentworlh on Pleading, who married the daughter 
of Gov. Benning*'s widow, by her second husband, Col. Michael 
Wentworth, and died childless ; Elizabeth,* m. Edward Minchin, of 
Limerick, Ireland ; Anna Bella,* m. Hon. Francis Gore, Governor of 
Upper Canada; Anne,* m. William Sheafe, of Portsmouth, N. H., 
who has many descendants. 

(3) Anna,* christened 10th Aug., 1746, died at Bath, England, 
2l8t Oct., 1813. She m. at Portsmouth, N. H., 10th June, 1763, 
John Fisher, Collector of Customs at Salem, Mass., who after the 
Revolution held many important offices in England. He died at Clif- 
ton, England, 1st June, 1805. He had many children, and among 
them was the widow of the late Hon. James Sheafe, of Portsmouth, 
N. H., whose death was recently noticed in the Register, and whose 
son is John Fisher Sheafe, of New Hamburgh, Dutchess Co., N. York. 

10. Elizabeth,^ b. 16th Feb., 1710-11, and died childless, 19th Oct., 
1790. She m. (1st) John Lowd, (2nd) Benjamin Underwood, of 
Kittery, Me. 

11. Rehecca,*h, 16th April, 1712, and died Sept., 1738. She m. 
Thomas Packer, who was Sheriff of N. Hampshire from 1741 to his 
death, 22nd June, 1771. He had a son who survived him, but whether 
he was by the first or second wife is not known, 

12. Ehenezer* b. Ist Aug., 1714, and died 3rd Feb., 1757. He 
m., 4th Dec, 1746, Mary (b. 18th June, 1723), dau. of Nathaniel and 
Prances (Lloyd) Mendum. She died 13th June, 1755, aged 32 years. 
They had only Rebecca, bom 30th July, 1748, and died at Porte- 
mouth, N. n., 12th May, 1818. She m. her cousin, George,* son of 
her uncle Daniel* Wentworth. 

13. Daniel,^ b. 5th Jan., 1715-16, and died 19th June, 1747. He 
m. Elizabeth Frost, of New Castle, N. H., bom Uth Aug., 1714, She 
m. (2nd) Michael Henry Paschal, of Portsmouth, N. U., and died 
13th July, 1794. They had five children, who lived to be married : 

(1) Sarah,* born 1st Sept., 1736, was first wife of John Wendell. 

(2) Daniel,* Jr., b. 16th March, 1737-8, m. Molly, daughter of 
Capt. Samuel and Mary Dalling, and died at sea 3rd July, 1762, child- 
less, and his widow m. the eminent Surgeon, Dr. Hall Jackson, of 
Portsmouth, N. H. 

(3) George,* b. 11th Jan., 1740, and died 20th Sept., 1820. He 
m., 27th March, 1766, his cousin Rebecca,* dau. of Ebenezer* Went* 
worth. He was Collector of the port of Portsmouth many years, 
where many of his male descendants are still living, and possess the 

Portraits and papers of the Colonial Governors. Among them ia 
lark H/ 



1865.] 



"Extracts from the Doop-Boek. 



69 



(4) Joshua,* b. 4th Jan., 1741-2, died 19th Oct., 1809, at Ports- 
moaUi, N. H. He m. Sally Pierce, 3rd March, 1774, who died Oct., 
1807. They had numerous descendants, but none now live by the 
name. He was Senator and Counsellor. 

(6) Hannah,* b. 6th June, 1744, and died at Portsmouth, N. H., 
19th July, 1783. She married, 13th Oct., 1760, Monsieur Bunbury, 
and has descendants living at Baltimore or vicinity. 

14. Oeorge,* b. 12th June, 1719, and died single, 1741. 

The descendants of Samuel,' by the name of Wentworth, are con- 
fined not only to those of Lt. Gov. John,' but are limited to those of 
Lt. Gov. John's grandsons, John,* (son of William ^nd Margery 
Pepperrell), Benning,* (son of Samuel* and Elizabeth Deering), and 
George* (son of Daniel* and Elizabeth Frost). 



EXTRACTS FROM THE DOOP-BOEK, OR BAPTISMAL REGIS- 
TER OP THE REFORMED PROTESTANT DUTCH CHURCH 
OF SCHENECTADY, N. Y. 

[Commanicated by Prof. Jonathan Peabson, of Union CoUege, Schenectady, N. Y. 
Contlnoed from YoL zyiil. p. 361. 



Daniel, 



Jan Danielse (Van Antwerpen), Arent Danielse (V. A.), 





Agnietje Vedder, 


Sara huysv.] 

[van Arent Danielse. 


Cateljntje, 

not. 

October 16. 


Arent Van Petten, 
Jannetje Conyn, 


Gerrit Symonse (Veeder), 
Tryntje huysv. van] 
[Gerrtt Symonse. 


Tames, 


Tames Davis, 
Catharina Kleyn, 


Cornelis Slingerlandt, 
Aagje Slingerlandt. 


Jacobus, 


Philip Groot, 
Sara Peek, 


Dirk Groot, 

Maria Daniels (v. Antw :) 


Ljsbeth, 


Jacobus Cromwel, 


Victor Pootman, 




Maria Philipse, 


Lysbeth Philipse. 


Adam, 


Pieter Vrooman, 


Adam Vrooman, 




Grietje Van Aalstede, 


Grietje Vrooman. 


Eva, 


Jillis Fonda, 


Jan Vrooman, 




Rachel Winnen, 


Eva De Graaf. 


November 9. 






Josoa, 


Ezras, 


Henrik, 




Canastasi, 


Catharina. 


Pieter, 


Jacob, 


Harmen Van Slyk, 




Jacomyn, 


Rebecca. 


Margrieta, 


Harmen Van Slyk, 
Jannetje Vrooman, 


Cornelis Van Slyk, 
Margrieta Van Yvere. 


Ariaantje, 


Jan Wimp, 


Johannes Symonse (Veeder)* 



Oatelyntje Schermerhoorn, Susanna Wimp. 



76 



Extracts from the Doop-Boek 



[Jan wry, 



SymOTif 


AVent Vedder, 


Harmanus Vedder, 




Sara Groot, 


Geertruy Rinkhout. 


Ifarim 


Simon Danielse (V. Antw :),Daniel Janse (V. Antw :), 




Maria Peek, 


Maria Danielse, — vrouw. 


Jacomyntje, 


Louis Viele 


Tennis van der Volge, 




Maria Freer, 


Sara Freer. 


Jannetje, 


Cornelis Viele, 


Jacobus Peek, 




Diever Van Petten, 


Jacomyntje Van Dyk. 


1708. 






February 8. 


• 




Oatharina, 


Arij Egnidea, 


Ezras Sonihomane, 




Maria Kajada, 


Ganastasi Koukoni. 


Anna, 


Johannes tehagwende, 


Henrik, 




Josina Kastuie, 


Anna tejonhohawage. 


Margriet, 


Petrus Katsjehadi, 






Anna Kaharadask, 


Margriet Kariootho. 


Lysbeth, 


Evert van Eps, 


Carol Hanse Tol, 




Eva Tol, 


Lysbeth Tol . 


Catelyntje, 


Tolkert Symonse (Veeder), 


, Jan Wimp, 




Jannetje Schermerhoorn, 


Susanna Wimp. 


Maart5 






Henrik 


Jonathan Dayer, 


Barent Wimp, 




Maria Heslin, 


Volkje Wimp. 


Mey26. 






Gatharina; 


Abraham Dsikereha, 


Gerrit Symonse (Veeder), 




Gatharina Dewadewanagk 


wa, Tryntje Rottings. 


Johannes, 


Tames Nobel, 


Evert Van Eps, 




Gatharina Marinus, 


Eva Van Eps. 


Gerrit, 


Jillis Van Vorst, 


Arent Danielse (V. antw :), 




Lysbeth Van Eps, 


Geertruy Slingerland. 


Albert, 


Gornelis Van Slyk, 


Arent Bratt, 




Glaartje Bratt, 


Jannetje Bratt. 


Daniel, 


Jesse De Graaf, 


Willem Brouwer 




Aaltje Herrion, 


Anna Akkermans. 


Albert, 


Harmanus Vedder, 


Gornelis Slingerland, 




Grietje Van Slyk, 


Jannetje Vrooman. 


Junius 11. 






Willem, 


Elizabeth Glement, 


Gornelis Viele, 
Dievertje Viele. 


October 9. 








Susanna een negerin, die Albert Vedder, 


Volkje, 


lidmaat is,hceft een doghte 


r Dievertje Glen. 



Maria, 



gewonnen by Symon, een 
neger van Gaptn Sanders, 
die insgelyks versogt heeft 
belydenisse des geloofs te 
doen in 't toekomende. 
John Baptist Van Eps, 
Helena Glen, 



Evert Van Eps, 
Marylje Van Eps. 



1866.] Extracts Jrm the Doap-Boek, 

Jan Pieter, Anna Peek, 



It 



Oapt. Johannes Glen, 
Lieutenant Philip Schuylcnr, 
Jacomyntje Van Dyk. 



Margarita, 


PhiUp Bosi, 


Harmen Van Slyk, 




Grietje Bratt, 


Grietje Van Slyk. 
:), Jan Baptist Van Eps, 


Lysbeth, 


Arent Danielse (V. antw 




Sara Van Eps. 


Lysbeth Van Eps. 


Eva, 


Isaac Van Valkenburg, 


Adam Vroman, 




Lydia Van Slyk, 


Oatharina Vroman. 


May 4th, 1710. 




Lewis, 


Thomas Davis, 


Philip Schuyler, 




Katharina, 


Andrew McKhant. 


Thomas, a free negro. 


Ryer Scheermahoon, 






John Trowman. 


1710. 






8ber 30. 








Kinderen door D® G. du Bois (Jedoopt. 


debora. 


Jan Wemp en. 


Barend Wemp en, 




Adrian a Swits, 


Susanna Swits. 


Nicolaas, 


CoreKs Piele, 


Arent v. Pette, 




diwertje van Pette, 


Geertmy v. Pette. 


Nicolaas, 


Aarent van Pette, 


Aarend Bradt, 




Jannetye Conyn, 


Jannetje Vrooman. 


Marytje, 


Pieter Clement, 


Willem Marynis, 




Annetje Ruiting, 


Batje Klejm. 


Jacomyntje, 


Hermanns Vedder, 


Jacobus Van Dyk, 




Grietje Van Slyk, 


Jacomynl^ Olein. 


Rynier, 


Johannes Myndersze, 


Cornelis Van Slyk, 




Geertmy Van Slyk, 


Grietje Van Slyk. 


Isaac, 


Wouter Vroman, 


Adam Vroman, 




Marytje Halenbeek, 


Margritje Heemstraat. 


Jan Baptist, 


Jan Baptist (van Eps), 


Albert Vedder, 




Helena Gelyn, 


Marytje Gelyn. 


Rebekka, 


Philip Groot, 


Symon Swits, 




Sarah Peek, 


Rebekka Swits. 


Een kind eens proseliets. 




Christina, 


Jacob depothonthode, 


neeltje thejoumthawihong, 




Jacomyn Chagteljouny, 


Esras kannerachthahere. 


17«. 










Jan'y21. 




Oodfathers, 


Jan Philipse 


Jacob Cromwel, 


Sander Philips, 




Mary, 


Philip Philips. 

Oodmoiher, 
Puige Benthuysen. 

Oodfaiher, 
Bartholomew picket. 


Gerirade, 


philip Bassee, 




Margaret, 


Oodmothera. 
Aofaa Picket, 
Bmmeke Bassee. 



T» 



Extracts f/'om the Doap-Boek* 



[January, 





Kinderen door D** Petrus Vas gedoopt. 


1711, den 6 maart. 




Kinderen. 


Ouders. 


Oetuygen. 


Coraelis, 


daniel ketelem, 


Cornelis Viele, 




debora Viele, 


Annetjen Viele. 


Cornells, 


Cornelis Van Slyk, 


Arend brad. 




Clara brat, 


Lidia Van Slyk. 


frederik, 


klaas klaase. 


klaas frederikse, 




Rebecca groote, 


Eva Arendse. 


Jillesje, 


klaas franse (▼. d. Bogart), Jan Batist Van Eps, 




Barber heemstraat, 


Lena gelen. 


Annetjen, 


Asueres Marsels, 


Adam Vroom-man, 




Zara heemstraat, 


Barber heemstraat. 


Engeltjen, 


Barend Vroom-man, 


Hendrik Vroom-man, 




Tryutjen heemstraat. 


Jannetjen Vroom-man. 


Volkjen, 


Benjamin Lenyn, 


Hendrik Vroom-man, 




fytjen Jonker, 


Volkjen Symes (Veeder). 


Pieter, 


Jilles Vonda, 


Com: Slingerland, 




Rachel Winne, 


Anna Vonda. 


Oomelis, 


Pieter Vroom-man, 


HarmanuB Van Slyk, 




Geertruy Van Aalstee, 


Jannetjen Vroom-mans. 



Proselyten gedoopt door d** Petrus Vas den 
19 Octob. 1711. 

Ariaantjen, Esra, Ariaantjen Wendels, 

Neeltjen. 

Anna, Seth, gidion, 

Sara, dorkas. 

Maria, Cornelis, Amos, 

Maria, Kanastazi. 

Thomas, Catryn, Amos, 

Kanastazi. 

Maria, Cornelis, Rachel. 

Catrina. 

Neeltjen, Anthony, Sara. 

Sara, 

den 21 Octob. 1711. 

Thomas, Maria, Martha. 

Susanna, Maria, Susanna. 

Een wildin. 

Maria, Rachel. 

gedoopt na voorgaande Belydenis Van t 

Christen geloof gedaan te hebben. 
Abraham, Angeniet, Sara. 

den 19 Octob. 1711, kinderen der Christenen gedoopt door d* 
Petrus Vas. 



Lysebeth, 



Arent Vedder, 
Sara Qroot. 



Albert Vedder, 
Marytjen Glen. 



1865.] 



John Gate, of Charlestawn. — Lewis. 



73 



den 21 octob. 
Jannetjen, 



TheuniB Vander Volger, 
Sara freer, 
Jilles Van Vorst, 
Lysbeth Van Eps, 
Arent danielse (V. antw :) 
Sara Van Ebs, 
Arent Footman, 
Lysebeth akkerman, 
fictoor Footman, 
grietjen meby, 
Hargrie^'enf Arent Brat, 

Jannetjen Vroom-man, 
abraham groot, 
hester Visscher, 
1712. 

Dirk Groot, 

Lysebet Vander Volke, 
Jan Barentse Wem(p), 
Zara Swart, 
Willem Marinas, 
Baa^'en kleyn, 
Ysaak Valkenburg, 
lidia Van Slyk, 
Samuel Brat, 
Susanna Van Slyk, 



Jan batist, 
Anna, 
Johannes, 
Johannes, 



Abraham, 

den 13 feb 
Rebekka, 

Maria, 

Johannes, 

Isaak, 

Ephraim, 



Corn : Vand. Volger, 
Maria freer. 
Jan batist Van Eps, 
Tryntjen fransen. 
daniel danielse (V. A.), 
helena gelen. 
fictoor Footman, 
Aaltjen hennejont. 
Comelis Slingerland, 
Aagjen meby. 
Harmanus Vedder, 
Grietjen Van Slyk. 
Eldert Tymensn, 
hester Visscher. 

Symen Groot, 
Maria groot. 
Theunis Swart, 
Marre^en Wem (p), 
Johannes Marinus, 
Lysebet Rinkhout. 
Comelis Van Slyk, 
Claartjen Brat. 
Johannes Wemp, 
Annetjen Veeders. 



A NoTfi FROM JoHiY (joye, OP Chablestowk, Mass., 1655. [Charles- 
town Records, vol. 2, p. 17.] This 5th day of december 1655, I, John 
Gone, doe promise to pay 50 s. to my Brother Edward Gone, for my 
father-in-law Mansfield, and my mother, in full payment of his por- 
tion, due to Edward from them, and that neither he nor I will euer 
trouble my father and mother for any more debts or house firom the 
beginning of the world to this same day. John Gove. 

Witaes. hanah Salter, her mark, 

the mark of John Mansfield, w. 

John Fentecost, 



Lswis. — Jonas Phillips (b. 18 March, 1736) married Anna Lewig 
(d. 26 Oct., 1765, aged 19), daughter of the Rev. Thomas Lewis. He 
officiated in Mendham, N. J., and is believed to have died there in 
1769. One son, a physician, died in Virginia. A daughter married 
Doctor Poor, from Stratford, Conn. Another daughter married Demas 
Ford. After tiie death of the Rev. Thomas Lewis, the widow moved 
to Stratford. 

Whose son was this Mr. Lewis ? Where born ? Whom, when, and 
where, did he marry f His children's names ? s. w* p. 

Vol. XEL 7 



*•* Priioneri in Old Mill Prison. [ Jannary, 



A LIST OF THE AMERICANS COMMITTED TO OLD MILL 
PRISON* SINCE THE AMERICAN WAR, 

WHEN TAKEN, VESSELS TAKEN IN, WHEN COMMITTED, PLACE OF ABODE, 
EXCHANGED, RAN AWAY AND DIED IN PRISON. 

[Communicated by Jeremiah Colbij^n.] 

Brig Dalton, taken December 24:thj 1776; crew committed. — Elea- 
zer Johnson, escaped ; John Bun tin, exchanged ; Alex. Ross, escap- 
ed ; Moses Cross, Cutting Lunt, Henry Lunt, Francis Little, exchang- 
ed ; Joseph Brewer, John Knowlton, John Keys, exchanged ; John 
Burtings, escaped ; John Stickney, Joseph George, Jacob True, Rich- 
ard Lunt, Paul Noyce, Ruben Tucker, Charles Harbart, Thos. Bai- 
ley, Sam4 Woodbridge, exchanged ; Anthony Knap, Daniel Lunt, 
Offin Boardman, Thos. Cluston, escaped ; Wyman Branbury, ex- 
changed ; Sam'l Cutler, Joseph Adjolier, Nath4 Wyer, escaped ; Jo- 
seph Bucklief, exchanged ; William Hackford, Nath'l Warner, escap- 
ed ; Joseph Fewer, Moses Merril, John George, Eben Brown, Joseph 
Plummer, John Smith, Joseph Chove, Benj. Carr, Henry Smith, ex- 
changed ; James Dean, Jacob Norris, Alex. Frazier, Henry Sheaft, 
Phincas Smith, Wm. Vendison, escaped ; Wm. Blake, New York, ex- 
changed ; Wm. Andrews, Thos. Welch, Bartley Burrell, Ireland, es- 
caped. 

Sturdy Beggar's Prize, taken October, 1776, crew committed June, 
1777. — George Southward, Salem, exchanged; Philip Meservey, Mar- 
blehead, escaped ; James Richardson, Wobum, exchanged. 

Brig Cabot's Prize, taken Oct. 24, 1776, crew committed Jan., 1777. 
— Peter Cushing, Philadelphia, David Covell, Martha's Vineyard, es- 
caped ; Paul Meage, Rhode Island, exchanged. 

Brig Lexington's Prize, taken April 4, 1777. — Nicholas Simkins, 
escaped ; Wm. Sterns, Maryland, exchanged ; Thos. Haley, exchang- 
ed ; Benj. Locket, England, escaped ; Wm. Lane, Philadelphia, ex- 
changed ; John Gandon, Ireland, escaped. 

Winthrop Willy, Thomas Knight, Jos. Clark, Robt. Burgoyne, re- 
maining ; Nath'l Porter, exchanged ; Sam'l Smith, escaped ; Jebold 
Shaw, Hampton, exchanged ; James Lawrence, Salem, Adam Ladley, 
England, Clement Woodpruce, Virginia, Wm. Ford, Ga^co Bay, es- 

• This prison was situated on a promontory, projecting into the Sound, between Plymoutli 
and Plymouth Doclc, two considerable towns ; it lies on the right hand, as you go from 
Dock to Plymouth, and about an equal distance from citlier. Formerly there stood wind 
mills on this eminence, which circumstance gave it the name of *' Mill Hill ;" hence the 
vAscm was called " Mill Priwn." There were three buildings, one of which had been boilt 
in Queen Ann's time, as tradition informs us. The largest building was a hundred feet 
long and about twenty feet ^idc ; Fitnatcd at the north end of the yard. It was two stories 
high, built with stone and lime, haying no windows on the north front. There waa a space 
of about twenty feet lietween this building and the Conrniissoiy's office, wliich stood to the 
west, tmt had no windows in the east end. A wall on the north as high as the eayes of the 
prison, extended from the prison to the office ; a nmilar wall on the south. Joined the two 
buildings. In this wall was a gate leading into the main yard. 

For other interesting particulars the reader is referred to the Memoirs of Andrew Sher- 
hume, who was for some time confined in this Fiiaon, pp. 81— W. 



1865.] Prisoners in Old Mill Frisan. 75 

caped ; John Feaffery, Saredon, exchanged ; Bonner Darling, Marble- 
head, died ; Nath'l Bailey, Newbury, exchanged ; Jacob Brewer, Dan'l 
Knight, Kitlery, John Bass, Thos. Hatch, Boston, remaining; Jac. 
Wjmond, Gape Pursue, Elisha Johnston', exchanged ; Ilenry Barrett, 
Wm. Smith, Scotland, Isaac Leason, escaped. 
Boston Gazette, June 24, 1782. 

Sloop Ghamiing Polly, taken May 16th, 17TT, cr^w committed May. 
— Francis Brown, Wm. Woodman, escaped; Rester GriflSn, Jona. 
Hogeeasc, Silas Hathaway, New Haven, exchanged; Anthony Shoe- 
maker, escaped ; William Keys, Long Island, Benjamin Powers, Mid- 
dl^x>ro\ Aver Bennct, Isaac George, Latney, Hollan GriflBn, Guild- 
ford, Henry Righington, James Bound, Wm. Cuff, Sam'l Nash, John 
Hatchway, exchanged ; J*rincfi Hall^ Humphrey Porter, escaped ; 
Eben WSlia, Absalom Nero, Thomas Brightman, Dartmouth, Benj. 
Shackles, died ; Wm. Caber, James Hartland, Wm. Carpenter, Wm. 
Ashbum, England, John Stanchfield, John Dogone, Holland, Robert 
Rickey, Scotland, escaped ; Joseph Frederick, Jeremiah Luce, Thos. 
Chace, Abisha Rogers, Barzilla Crower, Sam'l Lambert, Emanuel 
Swazey, Eliphalet Rogers, exchanged ; Cuff Scot, escaped ; John Lott, 
Wm. Harden, Martha* s Vineyard, died ; Eben Edwards, exchanged ; 
Eben Spooner, escaped ; Asa Whitman, died ; Zebulon Davis, ex- 
changed ; Daniel Lane, Gloucester, escaped ; George Fumall, John 
Johnston, Tobias Weymouth, Eben Libby, Aaron Goodwin, Andrew 
Whitshand, exchanged ; Thos. Rines, Benbick, died ; Tobias Sellers, 
remaining; John Downs, Old York, And. Tcmpleton, Windham, Is- 
rael Lafdell, Gape Pursue, exchanged ; Wm. MaskJBeld, escaped ; 
John Maddin, Sam'l Smith, Broad Point, Benj. Stubbs, Geo. Triffen- 
do, exchanged ; John Abbot, Samuel Stacy, Portbmoufh, John Poster, 
Peter Toby, Wm. Lewis, Nath'l Kennard, SaraM Fletcher, remaining ; 
Jona. Whittemore, exchanged ; Daniel Cutler, Eben Hunt, Newbury, 
died ; Benj. Eulin, Nath'l Staples, Ephraim Clark, exchanged ; Sam'l 
Serrigan, Kiitery, died ; Thos. Hermit, Icha Lord, John Higgius, ex- 
changed; Gideon Warren, died; James Sellers, remaining; Timothy 
Harris, Old York, John Simson, John Burbank, Sam^l Carrot, Joseph 
Bamham, J^ath'l Marshal, Jacob Nutter, exchanged ; Benj. Babb, es- 
caped ; Gulfry Stutily, Joshua Caswell, Hugh Kennington, John Per- 
kins, Rich'd Sowards, Stephen Lolly, Thos. Mahony, remaining. 

Brig Freedom's Prize, taken April 29, 17TT. Crew committed in 
1T77. — Jacob Layer, Thos. Brown, Nath'l Stacey, escaped ; Joseph 
Striker, Jos. Majory, Wm. Brown, James Lyons, John Diamond, Ste- 
phen Dennis, Cris. Codner, exchanged ; Eli Vickory, died ; all of 
Marblehead, 

Ship Oliver Cromwell, taken in West Indies, 17th May, 1777. — 
Patrick McCaud, James Lowrey, escaped ; John Dority, John Adair, 
Ireland, exchanged ; George Still, England, escaped ; Richard Price, 
Maryland, exchanged. 

Ship Reprisal's Prize, taken June 29th, 1777. Crew committed in 
August. — Thos. Norwood, SamM Ross, Ewd. Lewis, Stafford Borden, 
Alex. Neal, escaped; Thos. Dwier, Jos. McMulling, England, ex- 
changed; Charles Neal, Thos. Renolds, Baltimore, Daniel Atkins, 
Maryland, escaped. 

[To be oooUotie<|.] 



76 Notes an the Waldo Family. [January^ 



NOTES ON THE WALDO FAMILY. 

In the last April number (vol. xviii. p. 176-7,) we traced the family 
of Gen. Samuel Waldo ; we are now able to give the particulars of 
two other branches. 

Jonathan* Waldo, Jr., brother of General Samuel W., m. Susanna 
Blague as before recorded, and had an only son, Jonathan* Waldo, 
who m. Mary Nowell, 20 July, 1749, and had Jonathan,* b. 21 June, 
1754, Susannah* and Sarah.* 

Jonathan* Waldo, m. 1st at Salem, 20 Apr., 1780, Mary Ropes, 
and had Jonathan,^ b. 30 May, 1781, d. unm. 20 Sept., 1817. His 
wife died 10 June, 1781, and he m. secondly Meletiah Messinger, of 
Wrentham, 5 Feb., 1783, and had Charles Frederick,' b. 21 Dec, 1783; 
Edward W.' 16 Mch, 1786 ; Emily,' 8 Dec, 1788, d. 9 Dec, 1810; 
Henry Lloyd,' 27 Nov., 1790 ; Mary R.,' 16 Dec, 1796. He d. 81 
Mch, 1815 ; his widow m. Rev. J. Prince, 27 Nov., 1816, and d. at 
Boston 7 Jan., 1839, aged 76. 

Charles Frederick' Waldo, m. 6 Aug., 1817, Sarah Vose, dau. of 
Jacob and Rebecca Forster, and had Charles Forster,* b. 18 Apr., 1818; 
Sarah Emily,' b. 30 Nov., 1819, m. John York, of Zante, Ionian Is. ; 
Mary Jane,' 2 Jan., 1822, m. Aug. J. Archer; Susan Adams,' 17 
Apr., 1824 ; Charlotte Louisa,' 14 Apr., 1826 ; Henry Forster,' 18 
Dec, 1828, d. 28 Dec, 1834, and Phebe Messinger,' 4 Feb., 1831. He 
d. 30 Auff., 1838. His bro. Henry m, Catherine Adams, 20 Sept., 
1816, and had ch. 

Charles Forster' Waldo m. Sophia B., dau. of Robert and Sarah 
Edes, of Chariestown, 24 June, 1844, and had Sarah Ellen,* b. 29 
Aug., 1845 ; Sophia Briggs,* and Mary E.,* both d. young. 

It will be seen that John' Waldo, son of Cornelius, m. Rebecca 
Adams, and had with other children, Edward,' of Windham, Conn. ; 
Edward m. a dau. of Dea. Shubael Dimmock, of Mansfield, Conn., and 
had six sons and one daughter. Of these, Zaccheus* Waldo m. 
Tabitha Kingsbury, and had Cyprian,* of Sharon, m. Hannah Ripley ; 
Ruth,* m. Ebenezer Bass, Scotland; John,* of Coventry, m'. Miss Ly- 
man ; Eunice,* m. William Rudd, Scotland, Ct. ; Elizabeth,* m. Thad- 
deus Elmore, N. Canaan ; Zaccheus,* Scotland, m. Esther Stevens ; Jo- 
seph,* Berkshire, N. Y., m. Nancy Bliss ; Tabitha,* m. John Bingham, 
Hanover ; Rev. Daniel, Chaplain in Congress, 1856, b. 10 Sept., 1762, 
d. 30 July, 1864, a. 101 y., 10 mo., 20 d. [See his obituary in this 
number. — Ed.] ; Ebenezer,* Scotland, m. Eunice Devotion ; andOzias,* 
Cherry Valley, m. Nancy Ripley. w. h. w. 



Wood's AxHENiE Oxoniensis. — Nicholas Amhurst, in his dedication 
to Terr» Filius, a satirical work (second edition, London, 1726), says 
— " Antony Wood^s Athenas '' " was suppressed or condemned for relat- 
ing, in an impartial manner, some hLstorical facts concerning the great 
Earl of Clarendon,** though the work " was professedly written in 
honour of the university, which it will always effectually preserve.'* 



1865.] 



Marriagei <mi Deaths. 



77 



MARRIAGES AND DEATHS. 



MARRIAOSS. 

Btekbtt « Buchanan.— At Philadelphia» 
Pa., Nov. 19, by Rt. Rev. WilUam Ba- 
con Stevens, D.D., Lieut Edward F. 
Everett, 2d Mass. Heavy Artillery, to 
Letitia, dau. of George Buchanan, &sq., 
of Auchentorlie, Centre Co., Pa. 

Hauus — Whbelock. — At Cambridge, 
Mass., Nov. 6, by Rev. Nicholas Hop- 
pin, D.D., Rector of Christ Church, 
Edward Doubleday Harris to Miss Ka- 
therine Brattle, only dau. of the late 
Col. Hiram and Katherine Brattle 
Wheelock, 

Sascpsoxs^Loud.— At South Weymouth. 
Oct. 5, by Rev. C. D. Bradlee, of Rox- 
bury. Pastor of the ♦• Church of the Re- 
deemer," Boston, Capt Wallace W. 
Sampson to Miss Lortie A. Loud, both 
of South Weymouth. 

DEATHS. 

AMomv. — On the third of October, at 
Beaufort, North Carolina, Mrs. Mary B. 
Amory, wife of CoL Amory, of the 
Sereateenth Massachusetts Volunteers, 
and daughter of Mr. Noland, attached 
to the 7th U. S. In&ntry, a planter in 
Arkansas, near Fort Smith. 

On the 7th of the same month. Colonel 
Thomas Isaac Coffin Amory, eldest sur- 
viving son of Jonathan Amory, of West 
Rozbury. Col. Amory was bom on the 
27th day of November, 1828, and upon 
the nomination of the ex-President, J ohn 
Quincy Adams, then in Congress, was 
appointed a cadet at West Point. His 
constitution was robust, his scholarship 
in the severe trainmg of the Academy 
creditable, and his attention to his duties 
was exemplary. His oration delivered at 
the Point on the Fourth of July, 18—, 
exhibited much maturity of thought, an 
elevated patriotism, and good command 
of the graces of composition. He gra- 
duated in the class of 1851, and was ap- 
pointed a brevet 2d Lieut, in the 7 th U. 
S. Infiuitry, then stationed at Fort Smith, 
in the western part of Arkansas. Here 
he married the lady whose decease we 
have above also recorded, whose mother, 
of a Philadelphia family, resided in the 
vicinity of the Fort. For the ensuing 
ten years he was constantly engaged in 
his military duties in our western wil- 
dernesses, from the Falls of St. Antho- 
nj to Texas, and by his care of his men, 
hiB fldd^ and judbiona dischacge of 
Vol. XIX. 7* 



everv duty, secured the esteem of his 
brother officers, and of the soldiers. 
Amongst other responsibilities devolved 
upon him, was in one or more instances 
the payment of Indian tribes, a charse 
requiring much tact and patience. £us 
regiment, employed in garrison service, 
took no part in the Mexican war, al- 
though ordered to join the army to- 
warcU its close. It formed ja part of the 
Utah expedition, under CoL Johnson, in 
1854. In the ensuing Spring, with a 
force of two hundred men under his 
command, he marched some thousand 
miles to California, for the purpose of 
escorting those crossing the plains, who 
were at that time exposed on that route 
to Indian depredations. After having 
passed many years in active duty in the 
western wilderness, he came home in the 
year 1861, on recruiting service. He 
was thus employed when the angry 
clouds of discord, which had long threat- 
ened our public tranquillity, finally cul- 
minated. As mustering officer, and in 
other ways, he rendered important ser- 
vice in expediting the military prepara- 
tions of the State, and the command of 
the Seventeenth Massachusetts Volun- 
teers was assigned to him in the autumn 
of 1861. With the experience gained 
in active service, and by unremitting 
care, he soon made it one of the most effi^ 
cient in the field, and while stationed at 
Baltimore it often elicited praise for its 
precision and promptness in evolutions 
and thoroughness of discipline. The regi- 
ment took part in establishing tranquifii- 
ty in the Eastern counties of Maryland ; 
and in the protection <if Newbem,. after 
its occupation, for a long period was of 
use in securing that important strong- 
hold for our arms. Col. Amory, acUng 
as Brigadier under General Foster in the 
reconnoissance in force into the interior 
in 1862, commanded some four thousand 
men, who marched across the countrv to 
join the rest of the expedition, which had 
ascended the river m boats. The unex- 
pected difficulties of the wav impeded 
their progress, and rendered unpossible 
the despatch that was anticipated, but 
were in exact compliance with the writ- 
ten instructions of General Foster, who in 
general orders subsequently allowed that 
no blame was attached to CoL Amory 
for any delay. When Newbem was at- 
tacked, although the forces under his 
command had been greatly reduced, he 
enlisted a large nwpm of the naneooir 



m 



DecUh, 



[Janiiaiy, 



batonto of the po^t to man the fortSf and 
the enemy were compelled to retire dis- 
comfited, without ctlbcting their object, 
(See Gen. Butler's recommendatiou for 
Brevet, and Col. Franklln'a letter.) 

During the Summer of 1864, he had 
command at Beaufort, at the moutli of 
the Bay, below Newbem, and lowarda 
ita close the yellow fever, introduced, 
•a was Buppoaedy from Wilmington, 
made its appinmce there. U is w ife fell 
an early victim to the disease on the 
third of October, and on tlie day of her 
funeral Col. Amory was alao attacked, 
and died on the 7th. 

We clooe thia account of a gallant 
officer, who, if net thus cut off in tlie 
prime of his manhood, might have been 
justly expected to attain ditiiiuclion in 
his profess ion* with the following tribute. 
It comes from one who had favorttble op- 
portunity for forming a ju«t estimate 
of the good qualities which endeared 
both CoL Amory and hi* wife to all 
within the sphere of their hospitality and 
kindness. 

**The death, by yellow fever, at Beau- 
fort, N. C„ of Col. T. 1. C. Amor>^ 17th 
Mass. Vols., preceded by that of his 
lovely and demoted wife, has filled with 
grief many hearts in this community* 
Ko one ever knew cither but to love and 
respect them, and all who remember 
theii hospitable and kindly home at 
Newbem, will sincerely mourn the de- 
aolation which has iallen. 

•• Those who haw been in intimate 
persoiud and official relations with CoL 
Amory, will bear witness to the recti- 
tude and manliness of hb character, 
combined with a gentleneaa almost femi* 
nine. A aoldier of dauntless courage, 
there was yet in his nature such a 
shrink lag from the appearance of brava- 
do or the suspicion of ostentation, that a 
cursory observer would never su>!pect the 
lion-heart that lay under an exterior no 
gentle and refined. If through delicacy 
of perception, the moat unselfish con- 
sideration for the feelings of others, a 
courtesy of manner the perfection of sim- 
plicity and kiudueasy combined with a 
loftiness of mind above every thing small 
or mean, give a title to the • grand old 
name of gentleman,' then no mail, living 
or dead, deserves it belter than the brave 
and accomplished officer who is the sub- 
ject of this obituary. 

**It may be said of him and of his 
wife, in the touching words of the Psalm- 
ist :—'• They were lorely in their lives, 
tkd m their deatha they were not divid- 

Bi^TMS, Joshua, at London^ Bng., Sept. 24, 
1864, 0* 76. He %ft8 the only son of 



Col. Joshua Bates (who died in 1604), 
and was born in Weymouth, Mass., in 
1788. At fifteen years of age he entered 
the counting house of Wm. R, Gray, of 
this city, where he soon attracted the 
notice of his Jktbcr's employer, the well 
known William Gray, by whom he 
was sent to Europe during the last War. 
to attend to complicated buiBincss mat- 
ters. 

In 182G Mr, Bates formed a copartner' 
ship in London with John Baring. undiBr 
the tirm of Bates & Baring, and was sub- 
»equenlly» with bin paitner, t&ki'U into 
llie great house of Baring Brothers & Co. 
In ita management he assumed a leading 
port, and the iniiuence of his sagacity, 
judgment, enterprise and integrity was 
felt in every part of the business world- 
A fiignal proof of the contidence he had 
universally inspired was exhibited in his 
appointment, in 1854, as umpire between 
the Amcrictin and English commission- 
ers who had been intrusted with fall 
powers to make a final settlement of the 
claims of citissens of the United States 
against the English govenuoent, and of 
subjects of G^ieat Britain against the 
American Govcmmeiiit, with special re- 
ference to spoliations committed during 
the war of 1812. His decisions Wtte 
completely satisfactory. 

To the citizens of Boston the memory 
of Mr. Bates will he forever endeared as 
the chief and probably most in fluent ial 
donor of our Public Library. When he 
he&td, in 1853, of the proposal to estab- 
lish such an institution, he wrote imme* 
diatcly to the Mayor, offering to contri- 
bute $*5 0,000 in aid of the object. Be- 
sides thii he collected and forwarded to 
the library between twenty and thirty 
thousand volumes. The work whidi he 
thus wrought will conittitutc a monu- 
ment as durable as the civUization of this 
community, and a fountain of good whose 
influence i» incalculable. 

Not the least among the virtues of Mr, 
Bates, was his steady, fervent patriot ism* 
Neither long absence nor interests else- 
where had in the least bi paired his de- 
votion to the land of his birth ; and 
from the outbreak of the present rebd- 
liou to the hour of his death he left no 
opportunity unimproved of throwing his 
influence and his efforts in aid of our 
Government. 

In 1813, Mr, Bates married Miss Lu- 
cretia Augusta 9turgis, of this city. This 
lady died not long since. His only son 
lost his life by a distreasing accident in 
hunting. His only daughter is Madame 
Van der Weyer, the wife of the distia- 
guislied diplomatist, M. Sylvain Van 
der Weyer, who haa for many jears 



I 



I 




1865.] 



Death. 



79 



xcproented the Belgkn goremment at 
the Court of 8t Jamea. Madame Van der 
Weyer has aereral children llring. 
BoTSFOBD, Hon. i^illiam, at West Cock, 
Sackville, New Brunswick, May 8, 1864, 
mthe92dyear of hisage. He was bom 
at NewHaren, Con., Apr3, 1773. 

He was the son of Hon. Amos Bots- 
fbrd, b. at Newtown, Con., 31 Jan., 1744, 
Y. C. 1763, whose •• adhesion to his aUe- 
gkmce in the Rerolntionarj war ibroed 
him from his native home, but who was 
^ipointed, 1782, by Sir Ouy Carleton, an 
agent for the loyalists who were then 
embarking at New York, to seek an asy- 
lum in Nora Scotia, and arrived at Anna- 
poUs, with the first Fleet, in the Au- 
tmnn of that vear. On the erection of 
the Province, he represei^ted the County 
of Westmoreland, and was elected Speak- 
er by the first House of Assembly in 1786. 
He was afterwards re-elected by each 
■ucoessxve House, until his death, 14 
Sept., 1812." 

The mother of Hon. William BotB- 
fixd was Sarah Chandler, bom at New 
Haven, Con., 9 March, 1752, dau. of 
CoL Joshua Chandler, Esq., of New 
Haven, Con. (a loyalist and a refugee), 
by his wife Sarah Miles of New Haven. 
Samh Chandler was grand dau. of Josh- 
ua* Chandler, of Woodstock, Con., by 
hii wife Eliiabeth Cutler, of Medway, 
Haaa. She was great grand dau. of 
Judge John* Chandler, of Woodstock, 
by his wife Mary Raymond of New Lon- 
don ; and gr. gr. grand dau. of Deacon 
John* Chandler, of Woodstock, Con., 
son of William and Annis Chandler, of 
Bozbury, Mass., by his wife Elizabeth 
Douglas. 

At the age of 9 years, William Bots- 
ferd aooompanied his parents to Anna- 
polis; butiras afterwards sent back to 
Ckm., and fitted to enter Yale College 
under the histruction of Rev. Elcazer 
Ooodrieh, of Durham. Graduating in 
1792, he went home and pursued the 
study of Law, partly with Hon. Jona. 
BUn, Chief Justice of the Province of 
N. B. He iras admitted to the bar in 
1795, and commenced the practice of his 
vrefeasion at St John, N. B. In 1803, 
he was appointed Judge of the Vice- Ad- 
miralty Court, over which he presided 
onta 1807, when, at the request of his 
fethcr, he removed from St John to 
West Cock, his ikther's seat in West- 
moreland ooun^r, resigning this position. 

On the dea& of his fiither, in 1812, 
he sueceeded him in the representation 
of the coulitY in the Assembly of the 
Provinoe. in 1817, he was elected 
Speaker of the Houses and continued so 
hyeMtactoiiimjBSS^ i^lMhe th» ptoi 



moted to the Executive and Legislative 
Council. In 18 17, he was appointed So- 
licitor-Oeneral, and he hdd this position 
till his elevation to the bench of the Su- 
preme Court in 1823. In this office he 
remained twenty two years. His hear- 
ing havmg then become slightly impair- 
ed, he resigned his seat on the bench ; 
and during the remainder of his life, re- 
sided on his estates at West Cock, active 
in promoting the public welfere, and 
especially interested in the advancement 
of agriculture. In 1802, Judge Bots* 
ford married Sarah Lowell Hasen, dau. 
of Hon. William Hasen, and wid. of 
Thos. Murray, Esq. Her death occur 
red 4 May, 1850, at the ase of 74 years» 
leaving 8 sons and 2 daughters. 

•• The late Hon. William Botsford was 
a noble specimen of a man, and his 
heart was warm with love to all." c. 

BuLXJjsY, James Eleazer, died at St. Luke's 
Hospital, N. Y., Oct 18, 1864, of inju- 
ries received on the New York and New 
Haven Railroad, Oct. 10th, a. 23 ; son 
of Oeorge Btdkley, of Southport, Conn. 

Chamdleb, Rev. Amariah, D.D., Green- 
field, Mass., Oct 20, a. 82. He was bom 
in Deerfield, Oct. 27, 1782, removing at 
the age of five years with his parents to 
Shelbume, whore he lived till manhood* 
preparing for college with his pastor, 
Kev. Dr. Packard ; grad. at Burlington, 
Vt, in 1807, studied theology with Dr. 
P., licensed by the Franklin Association 
in 1808, ord. as pastor in Waitsfidd, Vt, 
Feb. 7, 1810, dismissed from thence 
Feb. 3, 1830, supplying the church in 
Hardwick, Vt, for some two years, and 
installed in Greenfield, Oct 24, 1832. 
His funeral was attended in his church, 
Oct 24th, Just thirty-two years from the 
day of his installation. 

He received his doctorate from the 
University of Vt., in 1846, was a dele- 
gate to the convention for the revision 
of the Massachusetts State Constitution 
in 1853, published several valuable ad- 
dresses and sermons, was highly esteem- 
ed and his counsel extensively sought 
among the ministers and churches of 
Vermont during his residence of twenty- 
two years in that State, and was vener- 
ated and beloved in all the region of his 
nativity as a noble specimen of patriar- 
chal dignity and puritanical piety. He 
was thnce married. His chddren and 
descendants are widely scattered. 

CuBTis, Hon. Charles Pdham, Boston, Oct. 
4, 1864, a. 72. He wash, in Boston, June 
22, 1792 ; grad. H. C. 1811. After leav- 
ing college he studied law with the late 
Hon. Wuliam Sullivan, and established 
himsdf in the practice of his proteaion in 
his natlTV city. He hdd s pctmuBfent 



8» 



Pmths. 



[Januaryt 



rank at the Sufolk Bar, and w&s the 
first Solicitor appointed under the city 
charter. He was a member of the Com' 
mati Council fram Ward 7 In 1823^ *2i, 
'26 and *26, and was a reprcsentatiYe in 
the State Legislature in. 1842. He wo* 
a valuable aad much respected citizen, of 
great moral worth* 

He married, 6 th March* 1816, Annn 
Whroe, daughter of Col. William Stol- 
lay, of Boston, by whom he had five 
ehildrcn. 

EooxaLY, >Irat Mary, Bamstead, N. H,» 
lOth Sept., 1864, a?. 93 yrs. 7 moa. ; 
widow of Bea* Eaekiel Edgcrly, of 
BarQHtead. She waa bom IGth Feb,, 
1771, the eighth and youngest child of 
Isane^ Kastmiin, of Salisbury » Ms.^ bom 
1st Mar., 1729-30, whose wife was An- 
na, b. 7th Jan., 1729-30, dau. of Ephroim 
and Rachel Browne, of South Hamp' 
ton. Isoaoi was the son of John^ Eajst* 
man, of S., b, 27th Dec. 1701, whose 
wife was Martha Fitta, b. Jan. 18, 1701- 
2, dau, of Richard and Sarah Fitta, of S. 
Johu^ was son of Johu^ Eastmoii, of S., 
bom 24th Aug., 1676, whose wife was 
Httldah Kingsbury, of Haverhill j John* 
was son of John* Eastman, of S., b. 9ih 
Mar,, 1640-1, by second wife Mary, dau, 
of William and Elizabeth Boyington, of 
Rowley, to whom he was married 5 th 
Nov», 1670. His first wife was Hannah 
Hclc (Healey), whom he mar. 27 th Oct., 
166o. John^ was «m of Roger! Eastman, 
bom In Scotland, 1611 (whose wife was 

Sarah , bom 1621), and one of the 

early settlers of Salisbury* n. f. e, 

GnaEKl^BaF, Benjamin, at Bradford, MajiS,, 
October 29, a. 78. U« was the eldest 
son of Caleb' and Susannah (Emerson) 
Grecnleaf, and was bom in the We:*t 
Parish of Haverhill, Ma^s,, Sept, 2 4, 
1786. His New England descent was 
from Edraiuid' Grecnleaf, of Newbury, 
Moos., by his wife Saruh, through Ste- 
phen,* by 1st wife Elizabeth Coffin; 
Samuel,^ by w. Sarah Kent; John.* 
styled Jr., by w. Abigail; Timothy, a by 
w. Susannah Greenleaf ; and Caleb,« 
above, hU father. 

He grad. at Dart, Col!, in 1813. From 
Dec, 1814, to April 1836, he was Pre- 
ceptor of Bradford Academy. He after- 
wards established and took charge of the 
Bradford Teachers* Seminary, which 
occupied most of his time for nine years. 
It is stated that during his connection 
with the Academy and Seminary the 
number of his pupi's wa-i abaut 3000, of 
whom more than 150 entered college and 
upwarda of 40 became clergymen. Many 
w them have arrived at disrinction in 
the various walks of life. He waij active 
in the formatiQiL of the American lustl* 



tute of Instruction and the Essex Coun- 
ty Teachers* Association. Of the tatter 
he was president 4 years, and of the 
former woa on officer ^r a long time. 
He was many yearsi president of the 
board of Trustees of Bradford Academy, 
and represented Bradford in the &Iass. 
Gen. Court, 1837-9, 3 yciirs. His Arith- 
metics and other mathcmoticul works have 
made his name widely known in thb 
country. He m. Lucretia Kimball, by 
whom he had 9 ch., of whom 6 died in 
infancy. 

"His lost days were peaceful and hap- 
py. Sinking gradually into the arms of 
the Great De«troyeri strength and me- 
mory failing, he was firm in his trust in 
God, and expressed himself as fully will- 
ing to depart.*' 
HuNTiNaTON, E«v. Dan, Hadley, Mass., 
Oct, 30, a. m. He was the third son 
and youngest child of William* and Bc- 
thiah (Throop) Huntingt^yn, and was 
born in Lebanon, Conn., Oct. 11, 1774. 
It is conjectured that hia immigrant an- 
cestor was Simon' Huntington, who 
married, probably, Margaret Barett in 
England. It is supposed that Simon* 
died on his voyage to this country. Hi* 
son Simon,^ m. Sarah Clark, dau. of Jo- 
seph Clark, of Windsor, Conn« Their 
son Samuel* m, Mary Clark, dau, pro- 
bably of William Clark, of Wethcrafield* 
SamueP had Samuel, < who bv wife 
Honnah (Metcalf) had William,* the 
father of Rev. Dan* Hnntington* 

Mr. Huntington graduated at Vale 
College in 1794, and at the time of hia 
death was, with two exceptions, the old- 
est surviving graduate of Yale ; Hon, 
David S. Boardintin, of New Milford, 
Coiiu., who graduated in 1793, and his 
(Mr. tl.'s) classmate, Hon. Ezekiel Ba- 
con, of tltica, New York, being the only 
survivors who graduated prcvioualy or 
contemporary with him. He was one 
of the first three tutors who govc instruc- 
tion in Williams College, having been 
appo'mt<Mi in 179tt and held the offiise 
two yearft, when he resigned and woa 
appointed the same year in Yale Colle^ 
under Dr. D wight, who was hia inti- 
mate pcrsfinat friend. In 1797, he waa 
ordained pastor by the Congregational 
church in Litchfield, Conn., being the 
immc*diate predecessor of the elder Dr. 
Beecher, and continued paator there until 
1809. A^rwards he had a parish in 
Middletown. In 1816 he removed to 
MossochuscttB, and continued to reside 
in Hadley, where he m. Jan. 1, 1801, 
Elizabeth Whiting, only dau. of Charles 
and Elizabeth Porter Phelps, of Hadley. 
They had 1 1 children, 7 oons and 4 daus. 
The ddesl ii the Hon. Charles Piielps^ 



I 



I 



1866.] 



Deatht. 



8t 



one of the Judges of the Superior Court 
for Sufiblk CO., Bfaas. ; the youngest, the 
Ber. Frederick Dan Huntington, 'of this 
city. Among his printed discourses are 
two " Election Sermons," one preached 
befiire the Ooyemor and Legislature of 
Connecticut in 1819, and the other in 
Massachusetts in 1821. For the occasion 
of the 80th anniversary of his birth, 
Oct. 11, 1855, he prepared for his chil- 
dren and grandchildren a sennon, which 
Ls a very pleasant and fitting memorial 
of the venerable man. This sermon* 
with another upon the word ** Lvbaxov" 
in the eighth verse of the fourth Song of 
Solomon, and several notes of interest to 
the family for whom they were prepured, 
were printed. A sennon, preached by 
him in Wcthersfield, was also given to 
the press. See Genealogical Memoir ^ 
the Huntington FamUg, by Kev. £. B. 
Huntington, A.M., Stamford, Conn., 
1863, 8vo. pp. 428, noticed in the 
Register. (Ante, xviL 377.) 
LowBLL, Brig.-Gen. Charles Russell, Jr., 
died Oct. 20, 1864, in consequence of 
wounds received in Oen. SherioEm's bat- 
tle at Cedar Creek, Ya., a. 29. He was 
bom in Boston, Jan. 2, 1835, son of 
Charles Russell Lowell, and grandson of 
iht late Rev. Charles Lowell, D.D. His 
elder and onlv brother, Lieut James 
Ja^aon Lowell, of the 20th Mass. Yol- 
nnteers, was mortaUy wounded at Nel- 
son's Farm, before Richmond, July 4, 
1862. 

Charles was educated at the Boston 
Latin School where he was first in his 
dass, and graduated from Harvard Col- 
lege, with the hif^iest honors, in 1854. 
After leaving college, he soon decided 
on being a master machinist, and was 
for some time in the Ames Works at 
Chicopee, working, tool in hand, all day 
kmg, and at night studying the higher 
mathematics. Thence he went to the 
rolling mills in Trenton, N. J., but his 
health foiling, he visited Europe, being 
abaent nearly two years. Although he 
went abroad an invalid, his indomitable 
energy would not let him rest. He be- 
came accomplished in the languages and 
literatures ox France, Italy, andOennany, 
a student of art, and brought home firom 
his travels a wide and various culture, 
sneh as very few men of his age possess. 
It mav be fitlj mentioned here that he 
passed the winter of 1856-7 in Rome, 
among other friends, with Stephen G. 
Feikins and Wm. Lowell Putnam, two 
of his kinsmen who have since given up 
pure and heroic lives for theur cotmtrv. 
Upon his return, he was employed m 
the West, upon the Burlington and Mis- 
•ouxi Bhrer ndlioadt and m iSbie spring 



of 1861 was superintending iron works 
in the Cumberland Valley, in Maryland. 
When the government called for volun- 
teers after me firing on Fort Sumter, his 
men enlisted, and he started for Washing- 
ton. He arrived in Baltimore on the 
night of April 19th, after the 6th Massa- 
chusetts regiment had been fired upon, 
and made his way to Washington 
though all public communication was 
interrupted, and was probably the first 
man to offer his services to the Secretary 
of War. He was at once employed on 
important duties, and was soon com- 
missioned Captain in the 6th U. S. Re- 
ffular Cavalry. He entered on the Pen- 
msular campaign in (General Stoneman's 
command, and, gaining high distinction 
there, was taken by General McClel- 
lan on his staff*, upon the departure of 
the French Princes. In this capacity he 
remained until his return to Massadm- 
setts, in November, 1862, to organise 
the 2d Massachusetts Oivsdry. For 
bravery in the battle of Antietam, he was 
selected to carry the captured standards 
to Washin^n, and was recommended 
for promotion in the Regular Army, by 
the General commandin||. 

While in Boston, raising the 2d Cav- 
alrv, he gave a signal proof of his cool 
and intrepid resolution, by the manner 
in which he faced a band of mutineen, 
and quelled them by shootins their ring- 
leader, a vindication of authority most 
painful to himself for he had a deep re- 
spect for the sanctity of life, but most 
salutary to the cause of good order, 
not in his regfanent only, but in the 
community. 

Leaving the camp at Readville in the 
eariv summer of 1868, he was stationed 
at Vienna, in Virginia, with the excep- 
tion of a period during which he was m 
command of the dismounted camp, near 
Washington, and during the If^ser por- 
tion of the time, having a brigade of 
cavalry under him, has been actively 
engaged in pursuing Mosby's guerillas, 
to whom his name has been a terror. 

In the previous victories of General 
Sheridan in Shenandoah valley. Colonel 
Lowell has been highly distingmshed for 
fearless intrepidity, being recommended 
for promotion by his superior officers 
after the battle of Berryville. He has 
had twelve horses shot rmder him since 
the opening of the present campaign, and 
has performed countless feats of distin- 
guished daring. 

A little more than a year since, he 
married a sister of Colonel Robert G. 
Shaw, who fell at the head of the 54tti 
Massachusetts, before Fort Wagner. 

CoL Lowell was in every way a mm 



__^^^ Deaths, 

» ^- 
of remarkable powers. A dear, strtrng 
writer, brilliant in converaation, a de- 
lightful companion, genial, fresh, and 
full of life, his liocial qualities were emi- 
ueut aud ixu-c. By his §trieC dii^cipliiic 
in the camp and bravery in the tield he 
won such praise from regular offieers as 
few have received who have entered the 
anny from civil lile, while hi» men idol- 
ized him and would ibllow him to the 
death. The high-toned honor which 
marked hi^ character, the hitegrity of 
his judgment^} the force of hU energy, 
his many accomplishments, gave him a 
great iufiuence among hi* comrades, and 
would have adorned any rank to wliich 
his military geuiuB might have raised 
Mm. 

He waa commissioned as Brigadier 
General a abort time before he expired, 
on the recommendation and request of 
Gen. SheridEm. 

Odln, John, M,D., at SomcrvlUe, Maa^., 
Sept, 3d, 1864, a. 66 years. He was tlio 
only son of the late John Odin, many 
years a merchant of Boi^ton, and Harriet 
T . (Walter) Udin ; — was born Jan. 16, 
1808. The genealogies of the Odln and 
Walter families will be found by refe- 
rence to vols, viL, viii., xii. of theRegia- 
ter. A graduate of Harvard University 
(1830), he studied medicine, and prac- 
tised nearly thirty years, with success, in 
Boston, 

No one who knew Dr. Odin will fail 
to remember his Christian kindness ol' 
heart, his sterling integrity, and hiji skill 
and urbanity aa a physician- For a sc- 
ries of years he was a great sufferer from 
a malady originally incurred in the ex- 
ercL^' of his profession, which proved to 
be incurable. In the hope of rcUef he 
visited Europe a few jrears ago, but ob- 
tained only temporary alleviation* He 
served the city geireral years as a member 
of the Common Council ; and as one of 
the Committee of Public Schools— in 
which he took a great interest— was 
long assiduous and influential. He al.4o 
served several sei»siond, with credit, in 
the House of Ileprcscutative^ of the State 
Lfegitlature. k, 

pArNB, Mrs, Betsey, at Freetown, !dass., 
Oct. 12th, 1864 ; widow of Mr, Job 
Paine, in the 85th year of her age. She 
was born at Freetown, April 31, 178(>, 
and married Nov. 1, ItiOl. Was a 
daughter of Warden and Susannah 
(Brett) Paine, grand daughter of Kalph 
and Elizabeth (Harlow) Paine, great 
grand daughter of Thomas and Susan- 
nah (H^kell) Paine, and great- great 
grand daughter of Ralph Paine and Do- 
rithy his wife, who settled in Freetown 
in 1688* 



[Jannary, 



On the maternal side »hc wan a grand 
daughter of Ilev. 8ilai Brett, settled as 
a Congregational minister at Freetown 
in 1747, great grind daughter of Selh 
and Sarah (Aldtn) Brett, of Bridge water, 
great- great grand daughter of Dea. Na- 
thaniel and Sarah (Hayward) Brett, and 
great- great- great grand daughter of El- 
der Wm. Brett, who in thought to have 
emigrated from Kent, in England, and 
waa at DuKbury, l^lass., in 1645, and 
one of the original proprietors ol Bridge^ 
water. B. w, f. 

Pfiiacis, Capt. Ethan, at Lakeville, Mass., 
Oct. 0th, lflfi4. in the 79th year of his 
age. He was barn in Midileborough 
Dec 20th, 1785, and waa tlic eldest son 
of Job and Betty (Paine) Peirce, grand 
son of Elkaiuth and Hannah (Eddy) 
Peirce, great grand son of Isaac Peirce, 
jr., of Middlcborough, great- great grand 
son of Isaac Peirce, sfu., of Duxbnry, 
and great-gretit-great grand son of Abra- 
ham Peirce of Plymouth. 

On the matcmul bide, Capt. Peirce was 
a grdoid son of Job and Hannah (Terry) 
Paine^ great grand sou of Thomas and 
Susannah (Haskoil) Paine, and great- 
great grand son of Kalph l^aine of Free- 
town. 

He owned and occupied the farm up- 
on which Ii$aac Peirce settled in 1710, 
and hia house was upon the site of that 
of the latter. The hou«e of hi^ grand 
father, Elkanah, is still standing, and re- 
tains in use some oi its diamond glass. 
B. w. p. 
Pope, CoL Willia^i, Boston, of biltotu 
colic, Nov. 6, a, 77 jrrs., 7 moa., 7 dfty?. 
He was the eldest son of Samuel Wird 
and Mary (Wood) Pope, and was born 
in Charleston, S. C, March 30, 1787. 
Ho was of tlic sixth generation in descent 
from John, 2d, and Ktargaret Pope of 
Dorchester, Maiss., through Ralph* and 
hia wife Rachel Neale, Dr. Ralph^ and 
Rebecca Stubbs hia wife, Frederick* and 
wife Mary Cole, Samuel Ward* Pope 
and Mary Wood, as above. H is parent* 
usually visited the old homestead of the 
Popes at S tough ton, annually, and in 
one of these visits from Charlciton it 
waa proposed that William should re- 
main with hU grandfather Frederick, 
who was quite desirous of having hia 
grandson with him. 

Both the parents of ^Villiam died in 
April 1797, when he was ten years old. 
He continued, therefore, with his grand - 
£ithcr in Stoughton, till be wa^ 18 yeart 
old, and then went to Dorchester to re- 
aide with his uncles, Frederick and Wil- 
liam Pope, who were actively engaged 
in the lumber husineas. (Sec K<?giater, 
xiT. p«ge ZJt), At the age of about 21, 



I 

I 
I 




1865.] 



Dtathi. 



sa 



he went to MacliiAs, m the District of 
Maine, and established himself in the 
aame business in Nov., 1807. He was 
married Sept. 27. 1810, by Rev. Charles 
l/owell, D.D., to Peggy Dnwes Billings, 
dau. d William Billings of Boston, the 
distinguished musical composer, pub- 
lisher and teacher. He lived in Machias 
thirty-four years, and during that time 
waa actively engaged in business. He 
waa for several years Colonel of a regi- 
ment jn Maine, and declined a nomina- 
tion as Brigadier General ; he was one 
of ^ffi Selectinen of Machias, was a Jus- 
tice €xf the Peace many years, and was 
one of Gov. Kent's council. He removed 
to Boston in April, 1841. In 1844, he 
^was in the Common CouncO of the city ; 
subsequently four years in the Board of 
Aldermen ; two years in the Massachu- 
setts House of Representatives ; he was 
a Director of the Boylston Bank since 
its organization in 1845, untQ 1861, and 
was once elected President of the Bank, 
which office he declined. 

When he removed to Boston he took 
with him his wife and two daus., and 
three youngest sons, and left in East 
Kachias his four eldest sons to carry on 
the business there. Since then the busi- 
ness of Wm. Pope & Sons has been quite 
extended : the lumber business in con- 
nection with the Arm was carried on at 
East and West Machias, Whitneyville, 
and Columbia on Pleasant Kiver, Me.; 
San Francisco, Pugct Sound and Wash- 
ington Territory. ShipbuQding was 
also carried on by the firm at East Ma- 
diias. Ship8,',barques, brigs, schooners, 
ftc, built and employed by them, have 
beoi engaged in the coasting trade, and 
in foreign trade with China, the East 
Indies, Sandwich Islands and Australia. 
In Nov., 1861, the senior partner. Col. 
William Pope, of Boston, retired from 
the company. 

Mrs. Pope.died in Boston, Feb. 8, 1862, 
afler a sickness of twenty years, a. 73 
yra., 11 mos., leaving seven children, 
five sons and two daughters. Her son, 
Samuel W. Pope, died in East Machias, 
Feb. 1. 1862, seven days before his 
mother. 

•• Col. Pope was noted for his modesty, 
having little faith in noise and presump- 
tion ; while, with this trait, he showed 
some of the best elements of character- 
strength, persistence, plainness, integri- 
ty, love of country and all public inter- 
ests, practical religion, sincere and en- 
during friendship, and great domestic 
affection. His piety was simple, central, 
reaL" (See Geneahgy of a portion of the 
Pope Family t published by him in 1862, 
8to. pp. 68.) 



KoBiKsoN, Hon. John Paul, at the McLean 
Asylum, Somerville, Oct. 20, a. 64. He 
was bom at Dover, N. H., March 16, 
1800, and grad. H. C. 1828 ; studied law 
in the office of Hon. Daniel Webster, 
commenced practice in Lowell, and rose 
to some distinction in his profession. 
He represented that city in botii branches 
of the State legislature. At the com- 
mencement of the Mexican war, he was 
a whig in politics, but becoming dissa- 
tisfied with the course of Gov. Briggs, 
he joined the democrats. 

RussBLL, Brigadier-General David Allen, 
killed near Winchester, Ya., Sept. 19, 
1864, a. 44. He was the son of David and 
Alida (Lansing) Russell, and was bom 
in Salem, Washington County, X. Y., 
Dec. 10, 1820. He attended the Wash- 
ington Academy in his native place and 
the Academy at Castleton, Yt. ; entered 
the Military Academy at West Point to 
gratify the wishes of his father, was gradu- 
ated from there July 1st, 1845, and bre- 
veted 2d Lieut in the 1st Infantry. He 
was ordered directly to Fort Scott Indian 
Territory. Thence with his Regiment, he 
was ordered to Mexico at the outbreak 
of the Mexican war. He filled the posi- 
tion of Commissary of a detachment of 
1100 men, which went under Major 
Laly to the city of Mexico. At Peubla 
he had a horse shot under him« At the 
battle of Puenta National, the artillery 
officers having all been shot, he com- 
manded the artfllcry. During the war 
in Mexico, he also filled the positions of 
Quartermaster and Acting Assistant 
Adjutant-General. At the close of the 
war, he was ordered on recruiting ser- 
vice in Syracuse, New York, where he 
remained two yean, and thence, with 
his company, was ordered to Mackinaw, 
where he was stationed one year. Nov. 
20th, 1852, he sailed from New York for 
Oregon, and took part in all the Indian 
fights which then disturbed that Terri- 
tory. He was made Captain in the 4th 
Infantry, June 22, 1854. In Nov., 1861, 
he returned to New York. He took 
command of the 7th Regiment Massa- 
chusetts Yolunteers in February, 1862, 
and the highly efficient condition and 
reputation of that regiment were mainly 
owing to him. Through the advance up 
the peninsula, at his own request, he 
skirmished his regiment in advance of 
our forces. For his distmguished ser- 
vices there, he was made Major in the 
8th Infantry. He was appointed to the 
command of the 3d brigade, Ist division, 
6th corps, on the day preceding the flnt 
battle of Fredericksburg. At the second 
battle of Fredericksbiirs, he, with his 
brigade^ was selected to lead tiba advance 



Dmih. 



[Januaryr 



in pontoonft at *• Fwffiklln'i Crossing/' 
Thi? he executed in his usual intrepid 
Btyle, and wan himself ftbnost tlie lir«tto 
Imid under a sovctl* tire from the enemy. 
In the tryiuf^ position of the 6th corps 
at Sttlera Hi'ightH^ he was everywhere 
yigilaut and conspicuous. In June fol- 
lowing, he was selected to command a 
farce of 3000 picked men from the Anny 
of the Potonmc, who went to support the 
cavalry in the fight at Brandy Sintion. 
The oiisault upon the etiemy'ii works at 
Rappahannock Station, Nov. 7th, 1863, 
waa planned and led by him. Here ho 
wiifl aeverely wounded in the foot. On 
Friday, May 6th, 1864, when in the sec- 
ond day's lighting in the VVildernes8, the 
right of the 6th corps wua driven in, 
and Seymour and Bhailcr had been cap- 
tured, the coolness, energy and ability of 
General Russell alone Raved the entire 
corps from destruction. No other gen- 
eral officer was to be found upon the 
field, aud he assumed command, rallied 
and reorganized the broken brigadea, 
and established new and secure Unea» 
May 9th« he was appointed to the oofu* 
mand of the 1st division of the 6th 
corps. At Coal Harbor, while urging 
his men to the assault, be was Bcvercly 
wounded through the right fore- arm, but 
fefu!^ to quit the field. At the bttttle 
of Winchester on Monday, Sept. 19 th, it 
is conceded that he saved the day and 
won for us that glorious victory. Our 
centre was crushed in \ the entire 1 9tb 
corps and one division of the 6th corps 
had broken. Gen. RumcU said to one 
of hb staff, •* Somebody must go in there 
at once," and immediately hurled his 
division againflt the advancmj^ foe. His 
orders were, as always, prompt and de- 
cisive. The 37lh lilass., only 125 strong, 
but armed with the Spencer (** seven 
shooter") rifle, was ordtied to the right 
to drive a brigade and a half of rebels 
from a strong position on a wooded knoll 
— ^and they did it. Whilst giving his 
orders. General RuswU received a bullet 
in the right ^ide, which passeti nearly 
through hi^ body, iufiicting a mortal 
wound. But he repressed any cry of 
pain, stuffed his nhirt into the w6und, 
put spurs to his horse, and rode the 
whole length of his division line, giving 
orders to the officers and exhorting the 
men. At 20 minutes past 3 f. m., about 
half an hour after he had received his 
first wound, a shell burst just in front 
of him, and a piece, striking him in the 
left side, tore open his body, and he fell 
dead from his horse. 

He was a genial, warm-hearted, true 
and courteous gentleman and friend. 
Th€ officers of his oomiDand went to him 



aa to a father fbr advice and council, and 
none so ready as he to give it. 

His funeral took place in his native 
village, and Ms remains lie in the beau* 
tiiul cemetery at Salem, which 18 in full 
view of his old homestead. 
Tbn^et, Mrs, lliirriette Acklwnd fBachel*, 
dcT), Boscaweo, N. H„ Sept, 13, 1864 j 
-wife of Hon, Jonathan Tenney, M,A., 
late Secretary of N. H. Board of Edu- 
cation ; now Principal of Elm wood Li- 
terary Institute; grud, D. C 1843. 

Mrs. T. was the only child* of Dr. 
Calvin Bachclder, b. Pittsfield, N* JL, 
son of Jacob and Mary (Cleaveland) 
Bachelder, direct descendant of Rer, 
Stephen Bachilor, pastor of the first 
church in Hampton, N, H. He grad, 
M.D. at D. C, 1825 \ marriefl May 1, 
1620, Lydia PcttingiH (b. Salisbury, N. 
H., dau. of CapL Benjamin and Lydia 
(Sleeper) PettvngiU). 

Mrs. T, was bom at Centre Harbor, 
N, H., Sept, 28, 1827 ; educated at Low* 
ell High School and Charlestown Fe- 
male Seminary ; taught, besi<ies else- 
where, in 1851-2-3, with her husband, 
in Pittsfleld, Ma^s. High School, vtay 
successfully. 

She was married to Mr. T., in Boston, 
by Rev. Dr. Kirk, March 20, 1852, and 
beeame, by him, mother of the following 
children — vii, : I, Calvin PettingiU, b. 
Concord, N. H., Sept. 2, 1853. d. Bos- 
cawen, N. H., Jnly 30, I860 ; 2. Ear- 
riette Lydia, b, Boscawon, N. H., 
Dec. 7, 1857 j 3. Hermann Jonathan, b. 
Boscawcn, N. H., March 29, 1800; 4, 
Ellen Celina, b. Boacawen, N. IL, June 
30, 1864. 

She was a woman of feeble conatitu- 
don of body, strong and highly culti- 
vated mind, tender sensibUities, refined 
and unostentatious manners, and exalt' 
ed christian virtues, r. 

Waioo, Rev, Daniel, at Syracuse, N, Y,, 
July 30, 1864, a. 101 y. 10 m, 20 d. He 
was the 9th of 13 children of Zacheus^*and 
Tnbithn* (Kingsbur^') Waldo, and waa 
born at Windham (now Scotland), Ct** 
Sept 10, 1702. His paternal descent w«« 
from Cornelius^ Wmdo of Ipswich, &c., 
through John,' Dea Edward* and 2ac- 
cheuM (an/tf, 76 ; xviii. 176). H is mater* 
nal dci^eni was from Henry' Kingsbu- 
ry, of Ipswich, &c. through Joseph,* Jo- 
seph* and Tahitha* (anist xiii.)» 

In 1776, when 16 years old, he was 
drafted as a soldier for a month's ser- 
vice at New London, and subsequently 
enlisted for eight months. At Horse 
Neck he was captured by the tories and 
carried to New York, where he was con- 
fined about two months in the fiir-famed 
** Sugar HouM.** Oa being ezcbanged 



I 



I 



1866.] 



Death*. 



85 



he returned to hia £either*8 fann. At 
about the age of twenty, he became 
hopefollj a true Christian, and resolved 
to devote himself to the ministry. He 
picpued for ooUcge with Rev. Br. Chas. 
Baekus, of Somers, entered Yale in 
1784 and grad. in 1788. He studied 
theology under Rgt. Dr. Levi Hart, of 
Pkeiton, and after about a year was li- 
censed to preach by the Association of 
Windham County. He preached his 
first sormon at South Mansfield. After 
thia he preached three months in Bris- 
tol, in Cornwall, and in Torrington, suc- 
ceMively; and then passed some two 
or three months at West Hartford, con- 
tinuing his studies under Rev. Dr. Per- 
kina. He was ordained, May 24, 1702, 
ow the Congregational Church in West 
Nuffield, where he remained 18 years. 
On leaving Suffield he went to Colum- 
bia and preached a few Sabbaths ; thence 
he went to Westchester, a parish of Col- 
chester, where he preached three months, 
and thenoe to Salem, Ct, where he 
pre ached six or eight months. He sup- 
plied the pulpit at Cambridseport, Mass., 
Inr a year (1810-11), and uien went un- 
der the patronage of the Evangelical 
Wsaionary Society to Rhode Island, 
where he labored nine years, till 1820. 
Than for a few months he supplied the 
pulpit at Harvard, Mass., after which 
ne returned to Ct. and became pastor of 
the church in Exeter, where he remain- 
ad twelve yean. In 1835, he removed 
to the State of New York, his son hav- 
hig settled there a short time before; 
mul there, except three or four months 
wgmkt in Eastbury, Ct, he passed the 
tcddue of his days. He was not set- 
tled in the ministry after this, but was 
employed as supply in various places. 
He was stationed as a missionary at Yic- 
tonr for three years. In 1846, he went 
to Oeddes to live with his son, and in 
1856 the fomily removed to Syracuse. 
On the 22d Dec., 1856, he was chosen 
chaplain of the IT. S. House of Repre- 
sentatives, and was re-elected next year. 
ffis last sermon was preached after he 
entered his 102d year. He enjoyed com- 
fortable health till, about the beginning 
of July, he fell down stairs, and thereby 
received a shock firom which he never 
recovered. Mr. Waldo was a great read- 
er, and poesetsed a mind natimdlv clear 
ai^ well baknoed, with little of the me- 
ti^ynoal or the imaginative. He was 
one of the meet contented of mortals ; 
■nd a spirit eminently kind and genial, 
a keen wit and large stores of know- 
ledge, made him a most agreeable ccm- 
paSon. Hem. in 1701, Mary Hanchett, 
of (BiAdd, hy whom he had three sons, 
▼OL.XIX 8 



one of whom, John Milton, grad. at H. 

C. 1818, and d. 1820. 

The WiUimaniic Journal^ of Aug. 11, 
1864, contains obituaries by Mr. Wea- 
ver, ihe editor, and Rev. W. B. Sprague, 
D.D., of Albany, which we have used 
in preparing this notice. 
Wells, CoL George D., was killed in an 
engagement at Cedar Creek, Ya., Oct. 
13, 1864, aced 88. He was a native of 
Greenfield, Mass., son of the late Daniel 
Wells, Chief Justice of the Court of 
Common Pleas. After completing his 
studies, he was a law partner of Hon. 

D. W. Alvord for several years, and re- 
presented that district in the Legislature 
in 1859, but subsequently removed to 
Boston, where he received the appoint- 
ment of Justice of the Police Court 
When the war broke out, his martial ar- 
dor impelled him to enter the service of 
his country, and by a special act of the 
Legislature his seat on the Justices' 
bench was temporarily filled. He was 
commissioned May 22, 1861, as Lieut. 
Colonel of the 1st Massachusetts regi- 
ment, and shared in all the battles of 
that fliallant corps until he was appoint- 
ed Colonel of the 34th, July 1, 1862. 
He made that regiment one of the best 
in the service, for proficiency in drill 
and thorough disciplme it was a model 
regiment. 

The military qualifications of Col* 
Wells were soon appreciated by his su- 
perior officers, and for some months past 
lie has had a brisade command. 

As an illustration of his fisdthfulness to 
duty, it may be mentioned that during 
his whole term of service of over three 
years he has not had a furlough. He 
was ordered to Massachusetts for a few 
weeks in 1862, while his new regiment 
was organizing, which was the only 
time that he revisited his home during 
his service. 

As a man and a citizen his loss will 
be felt no less severely here than in the 
army. His genial temperament, noble 
impulses, and strict integrity, gained 
him a host of friends, and his brilliant 
intellect afforded promise of a bright 
future even in civil life. On the roll of 
our martyred heroes his name will rank 
amon^ the highest for all the qualities 
of a citizen, a soldier and a patriot. 
Whitoomb, Capt. George F., of Boston, 
killed while gallantly leading his com- 
pany at the battle of Cedar Creek (Ya.), 
Oct. 19, a. 27. He first went out as a 
private in the 5th Mass. Reg., and waa 
in the first Bull Run battle. Subse- 
quently he was ap. 2d lieut. in the 30th 
Reg., and rose by merit to the rank of 
wptiitu He waa pvMent at the i 



86 



Death, 



[January^ 



der of FotI PliiUp and the occupation 
of New Orleana ; and participated in 
the bAtiles of Baton Rouge and Don* 
nldBonvillc and the siege of Fort Hudson , 
His* fidelity, bravery and capacitT have 
made for him an bonorahle recorcL 
WiNSLow, Bev. Gordon, M»D. D.D*, was 
lost overboard from a steamer of the San- 
itary Oommi^on^ near the mouth of the 
Potomac, on the mommg of June 7, 
1864. At the time he had in charge a 
wounded «on» Coh Cleveland Winslow. 
(See next obituary notice.) The body 
of the father was not recovered. 

Gordon W inflow was born in WiUiB- 
tooi Vt., in 1804. Hewoa of the eighth 
generation in descent from Edward 
Winalow, of Droitwkh, Eng., through 
his son, KenebUr' of Margthtield, Mobs. 
(brother of Gov. Edward Winalow, of 
Plymouth), Nathaniel,^ Kenelm,'* Na- 
thaniel,^ Nathaniel,^ thiia far of Marsh* 
field, Nathaniel,' of Salisbury, Ct, fa- 
ther of Rev. Gordon Winalow. (Sec 
Meffitter, xvii, 159. ) One of his btnthers 
was the Rev. Myron Winalow, D.D. 
LL.I)., of India ; anothexi the late Rev* 
Hubbard Winslow, D.D., of New York 
City. Dr. Winalow prepared for coUegc 
at Phillips Academy, Andover, Masa., 
and graduated at Yale College. His 

. theological course of study was also 
pursuM at New Haven, Some time 
I, After hta entrance into public life, na a 
Congregational minUter, Ms attention 
was drawn to the Episcopal Church, 
and he received Holy Orders firom Bi»h- 
op Oiiswold, Boston, in May, 1836, 
He waa first settled aa rector, in Troy, 
where he had charge of St* John's Par- 
ish from 183S to 1838, when he accepted 
the rectorship of Trinity Church, Elmira, 
N, Y., where he remained till 1841. He 
then assumed the pastoral care of St. 
Ann's Parish, Aniiapolia, Md., then one 
of the most flouridhing churches in the 
State. Hia health requiring a change of 
air, he removed to Staten L^^land, in 
1845» and for several years was rector of 
St, Paul's Parish, and Chaplain of the 
quarantine. During the fearful out- 
breaks of yellow fever, Dr» Winslow 
kept hi« post while other* fled, and often 
attended hundreds of cases in a single 

. month. While a resident on the island, 
he paid much attention to scientific mnt- 

, ters, and furnished orticlea for the re- 
views and preaa, carrying on a large cor- 
respondence with vojious flcieiiliflc bo- 
dies, among which was the Smithsonian 

, Institute, of which he was a member. 

. Seve!tal important iuTentiona were mode 
by liim. Hia pulpit efforts were attend- 
ed with a very considerable degree of 
•uecesa, and as a pastor he was effleieat, 



active, faithful. He labored 
for tlio welfare and improvement of h]#1 
pariah. The inhabitonts of Statcn lalandl 
gratefully recall his frequent services ui J 
their behalf. For the improvement of 1 
society, the advancement ot religious in* I 
terests, such as the building of roadM 
and planning mattera of public convaii»| 
enco throughout the iahmd, he was 
willing to lend his servicca. 

Br« Winslow waa the first ChaplaJiLJ 
oommiBBioned from the State of New I 
Ycrk. Pot two years he accompanied I 
the famous Duryea Zouaves tliroughout I 
all tlieij heroic and brilliant career. A» 1 
was said of him by one w^ho was with 1 
that regiment and corps, in a letter to m j 
New York daily paper, ♦• he was fore- f 
most with the regiment in every aigag*-" j 
meut, and hia bravery and great kSi£i* I 
ness of heart and word8, and acts, won j 
the love of every officer and soldier/* 
He was among the lirst to perceive th» ] 
benefits of a Sanitary Commission, and ] 
during the last year had been almost 
wholly occupied in its service as the In* 
spector of the army of the Potomae,. I 
Kis family have all been engaged in tho [ 
service ; his^ wife ministering to the sick I 
and wounded soldiers, and both his sons j 
as officers in the army* Dr. Winalow^ ] 
as he saidf had enlisted for the war, and I 
he gave up all in its service, even to tk9 j 
laying doun of his life. 

The intellectual moke of Gordon Wins* 
low was after the fashion of his fathers. 
He posseBsed a vigorous and fertile mind, | 
and his attainment/^ were lai^e and coin*«^ 
prchensive. He was skilled in the i 
ous branches of science^ During i 
war hia engineering capacities wes*l 
often called into play ; and m surgery^ I 
mineralogy, geology, etc. he was wdll 
versed. He possessed one of the finest ] 
private cabinets of mineralogy in the j 
country. Great ingenuity manifested [ 
itself in the beautiful workmanship of I 
his hands, which adorned his cottage j 
walls. His social nature was full to ibtt] 
brim of all Ihat is acceptable and win- 
nings but destitute of all that is repul- ^ 
sive. How many recall his intercourse | 
with society, h is gift^ of couverBation, hi* j 
attractive manners I Modesty and graoe^ | 
dignity and affability, combined with i 
easy flow of wit iind i>athos, made him | 
a welcome vLritor to many firesides and! 
festive boards. His stock of an© 
and fund of apt illustration often gath« 
ered a group around him by the camp* | 
fire at night, when the din of battle was 1 
hoahed, to hear his words of wit andj 
couns^ 

From the many notices of the death j 
of Dr. Wins low which have appeared. 



1865.] 



N. E. Historic-Geneidogical Society. 



87 



we edact from one of tbem a few brief 
linee. L. A. HendTiek, Esq^ of the 
New York flaroU; remarks : ** A more 
popular and useful chaplain has not been 
m the service. As Inspector of the 
Sanitary Commission, fbr the past year, 
another and harder sphere of duty was 
his, but marked by the same fidelity to 
tiie trusts reposed in him, the same en- 
larged benerolence^ the same uninter- 
mided indnstarr." The personal appear- 
ance of Dr. Winslow was very strflung. 
Anin we quote from the same writer. 
** No bust of any andent Grecian or Ro- 
nan hero presented a more finely mould- 
ed head than that of Dr. Winslow, and 
hia long flowing gray beard, dark gray 
ejea of tender but penetrative expres- 
8M&, and straight and well-built finme, 
mkhouffh past sixty years of age, sug- 
gested him aa a type, in these days of 
Wfwninate degeneracy, rarely seen, of 
those sreat old philosophers who once 
walked the streets of Carthage and 



WoraLow, CoL Cleveland, of the 5th K. 
Y. (Duryea Zouaves), at Alexandria, 
July 7th, from a wound received near 
Ifeehanicsville, Va., June2d. Funeral 
aerfioes from TVmity Church, New York 
ci^ ; buried at Greenwood Cemetery. 

GoL Cleveland Winslow was bom in 
Miedfiird, Mass., and had attained his 
29th Tear at the time of his death. He 
was the ddest son of the late Rev. Gor- 
don Winslow, D.D., and nrahew of the 
late Rev. Dr. Hubbard Winslow, of 
New York. He was engaged in mer- 



cantile pursuits in that city when the 
war broke out. His connection with 
the city militia, and attainments in mili- 
tarv science, fitted him for the service, 
and he raised a company of men and 
departed with the fiunous Duyrea Zou- 
aves, and for two years continued with 
them in all their engagements. On the 
Peninsula he frequently led the re^- 
ment, and after the battle of Antie- 
tam was unanimously elected Colond. 
About a year aso he returned with his 
regiment frtnn uie war. He immediate- 
ly recruited another Zouave regiment, 
and for the past year has been in all the 
batdes of the Army of the Potomac up 
to the last &tal battle near Mechanica- 
ville. In a letter to his afflicted mother 
just before his death, Mi^'or-Gen. War- 
ren remarks, ** I have never known a 
braver officer on the field of battle,** and 
Gen. McClellan, in a letter, expresses 
his "heart-felt sympathy and regret for 
the gallant ColoneL** He had an earn- 
est, well-balanced and strongly-moulded 
mind, fiiithful and true to the principles 
of honor and integrity, an affectionate 
and generous disposition, and a social 
nature which made friends wherever he 
moved. As a soldier, he was tried and 
true, brave, and yet not rash, a strict 
disciplinarian, and ^et beloved by all hia 
regiment. The regmient was one of the 
finest which ever marched our streets. 
Among the last words of the dying of- 
ficer were those which breathea a wish 
that he might have lived to see peace 
and re-union. 



NBW ENGLAND HISTORIC-GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY. 

OBITUABIES OF DECEASED MEMBERS. 

[Prepared by William B. Tbask, Historiographer of the Society.] 

HoBMBLOwn, Hon. Joseph CouBTBN, LL.D., died inNewark,N.J., June 11, 1864, 
a. 87. He was bom at Second River, now Belleville, N. J., May 6, 1777. His father, 
Aa Hon. Joeiah Homblower, was bom in Staffordshire, Eng., about 1730, and was one 
of a large fiunily of civil engineers, whose names were intimately connected with the 
afeeaaa engine, long anterior to the discoveries of Watt. In 1750 he was employed by 
CoL John Sehuyler, the elder, to bring over and put in operation an engine in the Belle^ 
▼ileGopper mine, which was the first steam engine, it is said, erected on this continent. 
Ha Hover returned to his native country, but in 1755 married Elizabeth Kinzsland, of 
Lodi, by whom he had a large &mily of children, the subject of this notice being the 
yomigesC. Josiah Homblower was fond of scientific pursuits, was a man of unble- 
aiiahed integrity, and of the highest estimation among his fellow citizens. Having 
ardendy espoused the cause of tne colonies in the revolution, he was frequently hon- 
<xed with- the public confidence by positions in the legislature, the courts, and finally 
m the old Congress, to which he was appomted a delegate from New Jersey in 1786. 
ThoCaikf JnatioaiiNdtDrdatehtf own reooUeetiona of the appeazance of that ven* 



«6 



N, E* Historic' Genealogical Sacietg, 



[January, 



efuble body, having, wlien n boy, frequontly accompanied his fnther to its fensloni in 
New York* He wm also present at thu inauj^aration of Waflhinj^toa. a» fimt FrGsIdient 
of the United States, the ceremonies of whitb mttde nn indelible imprcftsion on his 
mind. Josiah Hornblowcr died in 1809, in the 80th year of his age, 

Joseph Coiirten Hornblower never had a regulnr College education* When a boy 
he Attended a classical school at Orange, N, J., where he had for A acboolmate, amongst 
others, the late Hon, John AL Berrien, of Gcorgin. When not at school he enjoyed 
the instructions of hU fmthcr, who wjvm fond of exeniftiug his mind in mathematicai 
and other acientiflc researches. At the age of 16 he had a paralytic attack which 
prostrated hia ^^tem, and impaired » for a time, his memory to such a degree that he 
was obliged to commence learning over again what he had once acquired. Ultimately, 
howeTcr, hia memorv returned, and his former acquisitions with it. But his entire 
recovery frr>ra the effects of the paralysis wnB slow and tedious. At this period he 
fipcnt about two years w*ith hia brother-in-law, James Kip, a merchant in New York. 
Mr. Kip wished him to engage in mereantile pursuits, but hia mind was bent on a pro* 
featiion, and he soon alter detemiined to study law. In 1798, at the age of twenty- 
one, he commenced the study of law with David B. Ogdcn, of Newark. He made 
siich progress, and exhibited ^uch accurate and a.s><iduou!4 business habits that he was 
taken into partnerf*hip by his preceptor long before hi* admission to the bar, which took 
place in Feb., 1803. He soon took mnk among the first lawj^ers of the day. Hia 
practice became large and lucrative ; and he ever maintained an unsullied reputation 
for purity of character and integrity of purpose. His honesty and directness were 
most conspicuous, and tended greatly to aid him in coming to right conclusions. A 
thoroughly honest mind often reaches the truths when the greatest genius and leamini; 
i«i«*« it. But Mr. Hornblower was leanied in hia profe<fsion — a most laborious and 
dUigent snuleiit during the whole period of his professional life. In Nov., 1832, he 
was appointed Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of New Jersey, and held the oflSce 
fourteen years, retiring from the bench in 1846, in the 70th year of his age. Hi» 
decisions covering the whole of this period, embracing caunea of every character, occu- 
py several volumes of the New Jersey Law Report**. These reports attest his learning, 
legal acumen, and high moral principle. He was at home in the feudal niceties of real 
law, with its depend ncies of descent, remainders and executory devises, and in the 
tochniciLlitics of special pleading ; he expounded with skill the rules of evidence; he 
was master of the common law of contracts ; he was familiar with the criminal law, 
which he administered with the leammg of a Judge and the tendemcsa of a father. 
His opinion's are remarkable for their exhaustive treatment of matters to whirh they 
relate. Conflicting cases and innumerable auihorities are examined with care, and 
there is a closenew and precision in hi** logic that weaves a golden cord of reaaon 
across the tt;»suf> of his opinions; and tlicre is a beauty of diction which gilds the 
whole. Many cf his judgments will be landmarks in tne law. 

Chief Justice Hornblower was all his life a practical anti-slavery man. In 1844, 
he was one of the moat prominent members of the Convention called to frame a new 
Constitution for the State, and strenuously endeavoured to obtain the insertion cf a 
clause putting an end to slavery in the State, in which he was unsuccessful. The Lcgis- 
litiirei however, abolished slavery soon afterward. In politics he was a whig, and a 
supporter of Henry Clay's presidential claims. In 18d6, he was chairman of the New 
Jersey delegation, and one of the vice presidents of the Philadelphia Convention, which 
nominated Fremont. In 1860, he took nn active part m the canvass for Mr. Lm- 
coln. To the last he retained his interest in national affairs, and died almost at the 
moment when his relatives were reading to him an account of the then recent Balti- 
more Convention, when Abraham Lincoln was nominated aa a candidate for re-elec- 
tion to th? Presidmcy. His lost words were — *« Convention — Convention, —for this 
freedom of mankind.'* 

His father, as well as himself^ was the youngest of twelve children, so that three 
generations spanned nearly two centuries. IILs ancestors were Puritans and Bnptiata 
by profession, and with the heroic Bunyan and his compeers, suffered the persecutiona 
of Laud and the penalti^ of n on -conformity. The stories of the old struggles for Pft- 
ligions freedom in the seventeenth century were thus repealed with all the freshness of 
direct tradition, at only one remove from actual experience* to the child of the Ameri- 
can revolution amidst the contest for political liberty. How could he be othenHse 
than a most ardent worshipper at the shrine of freedom f 

After tha close of Chief Justice Homblower's jadicial farcer, he was appointed a 
ptofesaor in the law school at Princeton, and in that capacity prepared and delivered a 
aeries of lectures on personnl liberty and the habeos corpus, and the method of ppo» 
oeeding upon that writ^ which were exhatutiYG in learning and reduced the subject lo 



I 



1665.] N. E. Historic-Geiuatogical Society. 89 

tlie oottprebcaakm of the pluAest espwdtyi The CoUeffe of New Jersey confierred 
upon him the degree of LJuD. ; he was Preadent of tke New Jersey Colonizadoii 
SodeCj, of the Miiety Ibr Promoting Collegiate and Theological Education at the 
West, and of the New Jersey Historical Society from its foundation, besides being 
cffieiaUy connected with many of the great religious and other organizations. He was 
made an honorary member of the New England Historic-Genealogical Society in 
1M7» and in 1856 was elected Honorary Vice President of the Society for New Jersey. 
Hie was a *«new schoor* Presbyterian, and for many years a ruling elder in the 
dnirdii b«t he was Tery liberal towards those who differed from him in religious opi- 
adaaib vid a truly derout and consistent Christian. '* The childlike simpliaty of his 
mammen and the heartfielt interest with which he seemed to take one to his confidence 
made lum forget, in a great measure, the disparity of age and eminence of station 
■■d xttnge of public aerrioes, and feel that he was having intercourse with a com^ 

*• "WImb this war had begun he raised the flag over the portico of his house, and 
efcr akoe^ m summer weather, he would sit often under it He has gone to his rest* 
but the flag still waves in its accustomed place, and indicates to the passer-by, that 
th«e was Uie abode of the late Joseph C. Homblower, a man who loved his God« 
hmaenity and hi* country." 

Gkiif Justioe Homblower was twice married. His first wife was the dau. of 
Br. 'William Burnet, of Belleville, and a nrand-dau. of Dr. WiUiam Burnet, 
8«geoQ Oenenl of the Continental army. By her he had> several children, all 
ef whonit except one^ survive him. His second wife^. who also silrvives him, was 
Ae das. of CoL John Kinney, of Speedwell, near Morristown, N. J. 

GUdren of Chief Justice Homblower : — 1. Johannah M,, who m. Thomas Bell — * 
node in Philadelphia, and have chfldren and grandchildren. 2. EUza Schuyler, m. 
Ber. Mortimer Talbot, V. S. Navy, grandson of Commodore Talbot, of the Kevolu- 
tiosmry navy. Hia maternal grandfiither was also a commodore in Uie same service. 
Th^ are both dead, and left one dau., who is married but has no children. 3. Charkt^ 
m. Arahella Smith, of Salem, N. J. They reside at that place, and have children. 
4. Bmrid Bwrmt^ m. Lewis B. Woodruff, ex- Judge of the Superior Court of New 
Toak. Thcj reside in N. Y. dty, and have children and n-andchildren. 6. Emiliy^ 
m. AWandpT Cumming. They reside in Princeton, N. J., and have children and 
grmdcWIdren. d. (kmMme^ unmarried. 7. Uary, m. Joseph P. Bradley. They 
reride In Newark, N. J., and have chQdren.. 8. WUUam Henrjf, m. Matilda Butler. 
He ia A minister of the Bresbyterian church at Peterson, N. J. They have children. 

QonroT, Hon. Josiak, of Boston, died at his countir seat in Quincy, July 1, 1864, 
a. 93 yra. 6 moa. He was the sixth in descent from his emigrant ancestor, Edmund 
Qoincy, who came to Boston with the Rev, John Cotton and others, in Sept, 1633. 
Kdmuiid died in a few years after his emigration, at the age of 33. That he was a 
pcBBoa of some estate is infierred bv the fiu^t of his bringing six servants with him, and 
dmtbe was considered aa a man of consequence b^ the emigrants appears from their 
fieetmg him in May, 1634, Vme of the representatives of Boston to Uie first General 
Co«iiC He was slso the first named of tne Committee appointed to assess and raise 
die priee to be mdd to Kr. Blackstone for the relinquishment of Ms claim to the penin- 
i«la on which boston stands. He purchased a tract of land at Mt. WoUaston, the 
Ifctry ICoont of the graceless Morton, put to flight by Capt. Miles Standish, a portion 
of which has remained in the family to this day. 

The son of the firat emigrant, Edmund,* bom in England, in 1627, and a child when 
hia fttfaer died, lived all hia life on the estate at Braintree, and was a magistrate and 
lieutenant Colonel of the Suffolk Regiment His son, Edmund' Quincy, b. in 1681, 
nad. H. C in 1609, was a membo: of the Coimcil and a Judge of the Supreme 
Goorty waa sent to En^Isnd by the Colony as its agent, in 1737, where he died in Lpn- 
dflBt aoon after his arrival, in Feb., 1737-^. The General Court erected a monument 
to Ue memory in Bunhill fields, where he was buried, and granted his fiimily 1000 
eena of land in the town of Lenox. His son, Josiah,« b. 1709, grad. H. C. 1728, m. 
Hamnrii, dau. of John Sturgis. His youngest son, Josiah,* known as Josieh Quincy, Jr., 
waa one of the prime pre-revolutionary movers of the confiict with England, along with 
JasMa Otis, SMnudl Adams, and Joseph Warren. He went to England as the agent 
of the Bevolutionary party here, but died just before reaching land, on his return, 
April 26» 1776, at tte eariy age of 31 years. His son, the subject of this notice, was 
ban at Beaton, Feb. 4, 1772. By the death of his father, he was left at the age of 8 
to the care of hia mother. She was a dau. of Wm. Phillips, a merchant of 
Her name wm AhiaiL The son was sent to the Phillips Academy at 

Vol. XIX 8* 



N. E. Historic- Geneahgicai Society. [Jmnarf, 



ikndoveri in 1778, when six years old* He grad. at H. G. iit 1790, and since the ISdl 
of April, 1869, until his death, hojj been the oldest surviving graduate of the college. 
He Htudied law with Jud;^ Win. Tudor, and was early admitted to the bar. He waa 
a candidate for Congrei^, by the FediTQ lists, in 1799, hut was defeated in that year and 
twice afterwards by the democratic candidate. He waa elected to the State Senate ia 
ISOi, lu 180^, he WAA elected to Con^^r^^^H, and served until 1813, when he deeUned a 
re-election and retired to private life, dividing his time between Boston and his oountry 
BClit at Quincy, where he applied himself to scientific farming. Ue was, soon after, 
again elected to the State Senate, where he remained until 182 K He was afterwar4a 
Speaker of the House of Representatives, and a delegate to the Convention of 1820, an 
fcroing the State Conatitulton* In 1822 he resigned his «eat in the Legislature^ to 
take the oiEcc of Judge of the? Municipal Court of Uojiton. He resigned, in 1823« hia 
place on the Bench, to become Mayor of Boeton. In tlie administration of this ofll«eb 
he conducted himself with preeminent decision, energy find capacity* The cfltabliah- 
ment of the House of Industry, the House of lUfornmtion for Juvenile Oflenders, the 
Quincy market and its surroundings, and the iraprovcmcntB in Commercial street, aWJ 
permanent memorials of his ta^te and forcjiiight. In 182!), he succeeded Dr. Kirkland 
aa President of Harvard College. He held the office until the i7th of Aug., 184*, 
when he resigned. Besides tilling these important places, Hr. Qmincy was eotmofittd 
with various societies^ was a prominent member of the Ifastachosetla Uistorieal SocSrtir, 
and was made an honorary member of the N. E. Hist. Gen. Society in 1840j He pilt* 
lished many occasional pamphlets and lettc^rs, speeches in Congress, and oratians, among 
them one on the jubilee of independence, July 4tb, 1826, and on the 2d centennial of 
Boston in Sept., 1830, the 2d centennial of Harvard College in Sept., 1836 ; rricmoir of 
his father, Joskh Quincy, Jr., 1 vol. octavo ; Hist, of Harvard UniTersity, 2 vols. 1840 ; 
Journals of Majfir SSani'l Shaw, the ^i^t American Consul at Canton, with a life of the 
author, 1847 ; Hist of Boston Athensum, 1851 ; Municipal Hist, of the Town and 
City of Boston, 1852 ; Life of John Qutncv Adams, 18$d ; Kseays on the Soiling of Cat' 
tie, 1859. 

Mr. Quiney was m, in N. Y. June d, 1707, to Miss Elijta Susan Morton, hy whom 
he had 6 child., two f»ons and 4 daus., all of whom survive him. The sous grad. at 
H. C. in 1821 and 1827 respectively. Mrs. Quincy died in Quincy, Sept. 1, 18^0, a, 
77 yen re. 

Mr, Quincy hni been prominently before the public through a lengthened life, end 
it is unnecessary here to speak more particularly of hi-a works and charrtcter, Hia 
works and words remain. He retained possession of Ms faculties to the lust, so thai 
Ma old age was pleasant as it was honored. One of his lost public aets was a decided 
characteristic of the man, namely, his word*i of loyalty to the constitution, to freedom 
«nd the Union, so earnestly expressed at the half in 'which the Boston Unioa Club 
was organized, 

Laai^ott, Kev. Af.TAN, D.D„ died in Dcdham, Mass.. July 18, 1864, aged 71. He 
was son of John and Hannah (Ayrcs) Lam^on, and was bom in Weston, Mass,, Not. 
IB, 1792. He was fitted for coUej^e at Phillips Acadt^my, in Andover, graduated at 
Harvard in 1814, and immediately after wus appointed tutor in Bowdoin College, whcff 
be remained two years. He studied theology at the Divinity School in Cambridge, 
ftnd was ordained pastor of the First Chnrch in Dcdham, Oct. 20, 18 IS, where he re- 
mained forty- two years. On resigning his pastoral charge, Oct. 28, 1860, he dcHyered 
an appropriate discourse, which was published. After hi* resignation he contimied to 
re^de in Dedham, among his old patishioners, who retained their love and respect for 
him, appreciating hie labors in their behalf through a lengthened and suocessfuJ 
ministry. 

Dr, Lnmson delivered, Nov, 18, 1838, three discourses on nccasion of the completion 
of the second century since the gathering of the first church in Dedham ; and on the 
3lBt Oct., 1858, the Sunday alter the fortieth anniversary of his ordination, he preach* 
ed an interesting sermon {an£s xiii. 177). These published discourses with their 
appendices contain valuable historical matter. Dr. I^unson was for a time an associ* 
ftte editor of the Christian Examiner. Among his other occasional discourses publish* 
ed, were a sermon at the ordination of the Rev. Charles C. SewaB, Danvers, April 11, 
1827; at dedication of the Bethlehem Church, Aujnista, Maine, Oct. 18, 1827 ; before 
the Massachusetts Convention of Congregitional Ministers, Boston, May 38, \9iS ; on 
the Sunday after the death of Ebenezcr Fisher, Jr., preached Jan. 10, 1847 ; on tbe 
Sunday after the funeral of Mrs. Mary Dean, who died in Drdham, Oct. 13, 1860, in 
the 99th year of her age; on the Sunday after the funeral of Hon. John Endicott, who 
died IB Dedham, Jan. 31, 1867, in the dSd year of his *^ ; a diacouiae pf4achod Oct. 




1865.} N. E. Historic-Oenealagtcal Soday, 9f 

St, IMO^ OB yetigning the pasUttdl okarge of the int draith Mid paxish in Dedliaalb 
after a ministry of forty-two yean. There are other single diMM)ur8es published bv 
hni, besides yaluaUe articles Sor the Cfaiistian Examinef , and other periodieals, UnK* 
tariui tractB, fte. The Christian Register of Jaly 28, in a discriminating notice of hiai, 
SBjv: — •«Dr. Lamson maybe regarded as one of the best types of the Christian scholar. 
The Tolumea of sermons which were published, as well as <he irarious addresses, arti^ 
tklea and miscellaneons efforts of his pen, bear marks of care, thonght, and thorough 
colture. Then ara iew collections of printed disconrses which are equal to his m 
r^eDcas of thoaght, clearness of statement, and beauty of style. He uses his pen with 
eonacientions carefulness, and in these days of hurried effort he is an eminent example, 
for he was nerer suilty of crude thought, or loose and inaccurate composition. Ha 
eaniad the same deliberate thoughtfulness into his investigations of truth, and may be 
nnkod in his theological opinions among the conservative Unitarians. His life waa 
distingiiiahed for its high moral purity, and his religious fisdth was calm and cheerfvL" 
«* Outside of his pulpit Dr. Lamson's specialty was ecclesiastical history. Few of our 
miniaters had so fully studied the Congregational history and polity of New England 
as the worthy pastor of Dedham ; and his work on Uie Fathers, which came from the 
pieaa reviaed by his fullest learning and ripest thought, is amons the first books of ita 
cIbm in all the characteristics of cueftd scholarship and accomplished intellect." 

The funeral services over the remains of Kev. Di, Lamson took place on Thursday, 
July 2 1st. Sdections from the Scripture were read by Rev. Bez^jamin H. Bailey, the 
pa^or of tne society, at the close of which he paid a brief but eloquent and feeling tri- 
Dute to the character and Christian virtues of his faithfril predecessor. Rev. Dr. Gan* 
nett, of Boston, ofiered a fervent prayer. Feabody's beautiful hymn, commencing 
••Bdiold the western evening Hght," and the chant, *<Thy will be done," in the 



mxm of the exercises, were appropriately sung by the choir. 
In 1837, the honorary degree of Doctor of Divinity ' 



r was conferred upon him by 
Harvard College. He was made a Corresponding Member of the K. K Hist. Genealo- 
gical Society in 1847 ; he was elected a member of the Massachusetts Historical So- 
ci^in 1840. 

Ue married, July 11, 1825, Frances Ildella Ward, daughter of Hon. Artemas Ward, 
by whoa he had four children. Of these, a son and a daughter, with their mothcTi 



SnxBTM, SBBA8TIJIN FstfatSy died at his residenee in Baltknore, Md., of typhoid 
fSf«r, Aug. 28, aged 64 ; mdoubtedly contracted bv his great exposures and labon 
MMBg the HaryUtnd soldiefs in the army in front ox Fetersburg, Ya. 

Mr. Stteetnr was tho son of Rev. Sebastian and Ruth (Richardson) Streeter, aad 
wm bom in Weare^ K. H., July 7, 1810. On the removal of his father to Boston, ha 
tttered the pubfio schools, from which he graduated with honor, being fitted for College 
at the Latin school under the bte Benj. A. Gould, Esq. 

After graduating at Harvard College in 1831, he for a tfane devoted himself to lite- 
vary pnnuita in tms city, being for several years, from October, 1881, to September, 
1836^ sub-master of the Boston Latin School. He subsequently removed to Baltimore 
where he eataUiahed a high aehool for young ladies, which proved eminendy successfrd. 

What the present nMlUm broke out, he was found a firm friend of the Union cause 
and unremitCLDg in his efforts to upheld the Government in Maryland, and few men in 
civil capacity have rendered move efficient service to their country. Bv his exertions 
the Union Relief Association was organised early in the war, and proved a great blesS' 
iMto the Union soldiers passing to and from the field. 

To Mr. Streeter and his helping wife, the country is also indebted for the estabUah* 
■ant of various institutions in Maryland for the relief of the wounded in the hospitals 
and the sustenanee of the soldlinr fiunilics. He did much as a member of the FiMt 
Bkanch of the City Government of Baltimore, in shaping mcasurea for the vigarooa 
pnaeention of the war and Mstaining the Government. 

At the time of oontxacting his last sickness, he was acting as a Commissioner under 
Iha appointment of the Govetnor of Maryland, to visit tiie sick and wounded soldicca 
in the field hospitnis, and fcunish them with such assistance ai their helpless conditiom 

ftiAe 7th of July, 1883, Mr. Streeter married, at Plymouth, Eliaabeth Morton 
Jaekaon, daughter of Daniel Jackson, Esq., of that town, by whom he had a daug^itsi;^ 
«luH with her mother, live to mourn this great bereavement. 

Ontheeatabliahmcntof die Marvland Historieal Society, Mr. Streeter became the 
BeooidingSeeretary, an ofllee which he held with great acceptance; and at the aevenih 
reeMkMtion of the society, he delivVKd a disoome. entitled •«Mary]«iA 



n 



N* E. BUtoric-Gmmlogieal Sccietjf, [JaMaryy 



Two Hundred Years AgO|" irhicli wn« replete with le«niiiigt and higbly intetesti&g 

and Instructive. 

In his adopted State he held many important offices in various literary societies, and 
was made an Honorary Vice President of tins Society for Maryland, in 1856. As a 
teacher he was most instructive, as a historian most accuratc» and as a Christian firm 
and consistent, IrreproachaMe in hiii private character, pleasing and affable in his 
personal relations and energetic in his devotion to philanthropic and public inten»tji, 
he commanded the love and respect of all who knew or had dealings with him. 

(k. b. s.| in Boston Tromcript*} 

The Boston Transcript of Sept. 8th. contained some line* to Mr. Streetcr copied 
from the Baltimore Araciican, written by Dr. C. C. Cox. 

Three Honorary Vice Presidents of this Society have died during the present year J— 
vis,, John Barstow, Esq., of R. L, Chief Justice Homblower, of W, J., and Sebastiwi 
F. Streeter, Esq., of Md. 

pROCBZniKOS^ • 

J5oi6>f?» Wednesday, Septal , 1864.— A stated meeting was bold at the Society's rootns* 
13 Bromfield street, this afternoon, at 3 o'clock, Winslow Lewis, M.D., the presideati 
in the chair. 

Edward Sprague Rand, Jr., recording secretary, read the record of the previous meet- 
ing, which was approved. 

Rev. Caleb Davis Bradlee, corresponding secretary, reported letters of acceptance 
from the following gentlemen who had been chosen members: — namely, 

Rtsid4mi—QiiOTgt B. Bigclow, Rev. Israel P. Warren, and J. P. Preston, all of 
Boston. 

Cortetponding—JiihvL Qough Nichols, F.S.A., fee. &c., editor of the Herald and Gt» 
f^eaiofiUt ; and William T* CusMng, of Rochester, N. Y. 

John H. Sheppord, librarian, rq>orted as donations 27 volumes (including 8 volttmes 
of record* and 2 volumes of the Columbian Ceniinel^ newspapers of an enrly date) ; and 
24 pamphlets. The eight volumes of records are a part of the genealogical collectiona 
of the late Andrew Hfoshaw Ward, of West Newton, an eariy member of the society, 
and were presented by his sons Joseph W., Andrew H., and D, Henshaw Wmd, in 
conformity to a wish that their father had frequently expressed durmg his life. They 
consist of one volume of Sudbury genealogies prepared by Mr. Ward for the history of 
Sudbury, Mass., on which he had for some time been engaged ; and 7 volumes of co- 
pies of county and town records of births, marriages and deaths, namely, t^vo large 
thick volumes of Middlesex County records, containing returns of 24 diff^ent towns, 
and extending from 1630 to 1792 ; one volume of Kingham records, 1630 to 1845 ; one 
volume Roxbury records, 1630 to 1783; one volume of Wobum records, 1641 to 185^ j 
one volume Marlborough records, 1692 to 1847 ; and one volume of bhrewibury re- 
cords, 1721 to 1843. AU except Roxbury and Wobum are in manuscript, lliey wiU 
form a valuable addition to the genealogiiml materials already in the library. Thanka 
were voted to the Messrs. Ward for their donation. 

William B, Tnifk, the historiographer, read biographical sketches of Hon. Joseph 
C, Homblowcr, LL.D., of Newark, N. J., Honorary Vice President of the Society 
for that State ; also of two other members, namely, Rev. Alvan Lamson, D.D., of Ded- 
ham, Mass., and lion. William M, Wilson, of Greenville, Ohio. 

Usher Parsons, M.D», of Providence, R. I., author of the Life of Sir WiUmm P^- 
perreU, BaH^t and other works, was chosen Vice President for the State of Rhode liU 
aad, in place of the late Mr. Barstow. 

Rev. Donia Clarke^ D.D., of Waltham, read a most interesting paper tm Saying (hi 
Cat0chiMm in Netc England in the Olden Time ,- selecting the time, some sixty years ago, 
and the place, the town of Westhampton in western Mossachuietts. He related 
several anecdotes of the early settlete of the towti, particularly of its first pastor^ Rev, 
Enoch Hale, father of the late Hon. Nathan Hale, editor of the B<wtoi» Daily AdvertiMr^ 
and of Dr. Enoch Hale, for several years an eminent physiciim in this city. Mr. Hale's 
habits were exact and systematic to a proverb ; every family in the neighborhood could 
regulate its tall clock by the precise punctxtality with which he would arrive to preach 
an appointed lecture. On the Sabbath every man who was earlier or later than he at 
public worship, doubted the correctncsa of hia own watch. He was for twenty years 
Secretary of the Oeneiral Association of Congregational Ministers in the State. On 
one occasion the meeting of that body was hdd in a town seventy- five miles distant 
from his pUoe of residence. Five mxnntea only were to spare before the time for open- 
ing the meeting. Speculation was rife among the members then on the ground, as to 



I 



I 



I 

I 



1865.] N. E. Huiark-Geniialagical Society. t3 

the pnMbSlHj of his bemg^ there in leaaoA to attend to the duties of his office. One 
ekii^^niaii who knVw him better than the others said duit if he was not there at the 
tiaie, it would only proTe that the town dock was wrong, for there could be no posn- 
baitj of his failure. Curiosity grew intense and more intense ; the interest to see how 
it would come out was prodigious, but before the last minute expired Fallier Hale 
drove up in his ** old shay," entered the church and called the meeting to order at the 
precise ptmeium temporU which had been appomted. 

Dr. Clarke gare a yery graphic description of the beautiful town of Westhampton« 
of the manner of saying the catechism for several successive years in the " old meet- 
ing-house," and the boiign effects of this teaching upon the children and youth of 
that day, and upon the intelligence, the morals and the religion of the inhabitants to 
the present day ; giving much credit to the master mind of J onathan Edwards of the 
adjoining town of Northampton, f6r the impress of his character upon that and nei^- 
boring towns. 

Col. Samuel Swett, of Boston, read a paper on John Quiney Adams at a Poet, quot- 
mm his poetical writings at various periods of his extended life^particularly a poem 
which he wrote while a student at law, in the office of the late Chief Justice TheopU- 
Ins Parsons, at Newburyport. The extradts read showed that President Adams couM 
be truly styled an assiduous and ingenious poet, from his boyhood to the day of his 

Boaion, October 5. — A quarterly meeting was held this aftemoon, the President* 
Winalow Lewis, M.D., in the chair. 

The correspondinff secretary reported letters accepting resident membership from An- 
drew H. Ward of Newtonville and Charles Colbum of Boston. 

The librarian reported as donatioUs since the last meeting, three yolumes, twenty 
painphlets, and six manuscripts. 

lir. Towne read an official notice of the bequest to the society by the late Hon. Heniy 
W. Cushman, from his executor. It was voted to accept the legacy with the conditions 
of thewilL 

Bev. Caleb Dayis Bradlee read an elaborate paper on the late Hey. T. Starr Kiagy 
being a truthful and filing tribute to that eloquent andf devoted patriot and divine. 

The historiographer read biographical sketches of the following members of the so- 
ciety, who have recently dec^ised, vis. :^John Barstow, of Providence, B. I., a life 
member. Vice President of the societv for Khode Island ; Hon. Josiah Quihcy, o£ Boa- 
ton, an honorary member ; and Sebastian Ferris Strester, a corresponding member* 
hoiuirary ^ce President of the society for Maryland One Vice President and two 
honorary Yioe Presidents of the society have deceased during the preseot year in the 
ipaoe of less than five months. 

John W. Dean, Rev. Washington Gilbert, Rev. Dorus Clarke, D.D., Rev. John T. 
Sargent and David Pulsifer, were chosen a committee to nominate officers for the next 
annual election. 

George Mountfort exhibited a copy of the Breeches Bible bearing date 1583, after 
which &e meeting adjourned. 

Boetoih November 2. — A stated meeting was held at 3 o'clock this afternoon, Rev* 
Waahsngton Gilbert, of West Kewton, presiding, and John H. Sheppard acting as re- 
eording secretary, pro 100k 

The correnionding secretary reported letters aecepting membership, as follows : — 
BtmortHy, P. W. P. Guizot, of Paris, Prance ; lUtideHt, Francis Leathe, of New York 
Ci^ ; Correep9ftdinfft John H. B. Latrobe, of Baltimore, Md. and Francis 8. Dr«ke» 
of Leavenworth, Kan. 

Tbe librarian reported 34 yolumes and 16 paanphletB as donationa nnee the last 

The veneraUe Rev. Thomas WiUiasris, of Providenoe, R. L^ now in the 86th yeai of 
hie age^ read apaper upon The History of Woman. 

ToTB or Thaitks to Joel Munssll, Eso. 
Passed by the Board of Directors December 6, 1864. 
WhereoM, Joel Munsell, Esq^ of Albany, has for the last three years published^ at 
hb own riA, the organ of this Society, the New England Historical and Genealogieal 
Be§ialer» ind, as is believed by the Board of Directors, at a pecuniary loss ; 

Jmd Wkerem, Mr. Munsell in otknstf; to publish the work at a time of peculiir 
<Um«u»ui1 depression, assured the Society that he did not undertake it with the expeot*> 
tion of ptoit, but from a desiie to do something for a cause in which he felt a deep 



94 



Bock NaUcei. 



EucHved, That thankB be pxcflented to Urn for tiie lernoe he has thns rendered our 
Soeiet^ and the cause of historical and genealogical research, and as a token of our 
appreciation of his sacrilicea in behalf of our periodical and of his many donations and 
imifonn kindness and courtesy to us, his membership be hereby charq^ firom Cor- 
re^Kmding to Life, without the payment of the usual fee. 



LiFB Mbmbbbs. 

[OootlniMd flPOB ToL XY. p. 190.] 

From Fbbrvabt 1, 1861, to Dbcbm beb 6, 1864. 



1861. 
CalTin Fletcher, Indianapolis, Ind. 

1862. 
Nathaniel Chauncey, Philadelphia. 
Bdw. F.^Breiett, Charlestown. 
& T. Parker, South Beading. 

1863. 
John W. Warren, Boston. 
John M. Bradbury, do. 
John A. Vinton, do. 
Abner C. Goodell, Jr., Salem. 
• Thoe. ChadboumcConcord, N.H. [•'64. 
William Appleton, Boston. 
Qeorge B. Upton, do. 
Samuel D. Bell, Concord, N. H. 
ICoaes T. Willard, do. 

J. B. Bright, Waltham. 
Wellington L. G. Hunt, Boston. 
William B. Baker, do. 

Winslow Lewis, do. 

John A. Andrew, do. 

Qeorge B. Blake, do. 

James Read, Jo. 

Charles C. Burr, Aubumdale. 
Wm. Reed Deane, Brodkline. 



H. M. Kellogg, Boston. 

J. Wingate ^Diomtan, do. 
N. Wadibum, Brookline. 
A. A. Bunage, Boston. 
Frederic Ki£ler, do. 
John R. KimbaU, Wobum. 
Amos A. Lawrence, Brookline. 
Henry Austin Whitney, Boston. 
-CharleeJB..lalU- do. 

G. D. B. Blanchard, lf«l«1g«- 
John Cummings, Jr., Wobum. 
John W. CancUer, Brookline. 
M. P. Wilder, Dorchester. 
F. W. Lincoln, Jr., Boston. 
George C. Richardson, Cambridge. 
John I. Baker, Beyerly. 
Hugh Montgomery, Boston. 
Wm. W. Greenough, do. 

1864. 
Henry B. Himiphrey, Thomaston, Me. 
Manning Leonard, Southbridge. 
Wm. S. Appleton, Boston. 
Andrew H. Ward, Newtonyille. 
Beigamin B. Torrer, Boston. 
Ebeneser Alden, Kanddph. 
Joel Munsell, Albany, N. T. 



BOOK NOTICES. 

Jfmnoriai of (he Oentennidl Anniversary of (he Setilement of Mdchias. 
Machias : Printed by C. 0. Forbush. 1863. 8vo. pp. 179. 

The first permanent English settlement at Machias, Maine, was by a company of 
fifteen persons, thirteen of whom were from Scarborough, Me., one from Shecnecot, 
Me., and the oiher ftom Plymouth, Mass. With these was associated, William Jones, 
e merchant of Portsmouth, N. H^ who acreed to furmsh the infent colony with sup- 
plies in return for an equal share with the settlers (one sixteenth) of a mill, which 
was to be erected, and of all otiier piiyilms. The fifteen sailed from Black Point, 
Searborough, in a small schooner of which C«pt. Thomas Buck, one of their number, 
was master, in the latter part of Ajuril, and landed May 20, 1763, on the west bank of 
the Machias West riyer. 

On the 20th of last May, the one hundredth anniyersary of this landing was eele- 
biatad in the town of East Machias, by an historical address in the forenoon, followed 
by a pio-nic dinner in seyeral public halls, the people of Machias, East Marhias, Marsh- 
field, and Maehiasport dining in separate rooms ; and, in the afternoon, by speeehea 
firom indiyiduals who were or nad been oonnected with the town. 

Besides the Ifistorieal Address,— which waa by William B. Smith, Esq.r-the seyeral 
ip eso h ssb nd an aooount of the piooeedings, we haye in the yolume before na a 



Book Notices. 95 

number of letters firam natives of the place and others residing abroad, a list of persons 
bom in Machias who have lemoTed therefrom, several historical documents, and lastly 
the Machias Genealogies, giving three generations of these fitmilies of earlj Machias 
seeders, namelj : Albee, Andrews, Avery, Averill, Barry, Berry, Bowker, Bowles, 
Boynton, Bryant, Bnmham, Chase, Chaloner, Clark, Cooper, Crocker, EUis, Fams- 
worth, Fogg, Foster, Foss, Oardner, Getchell, Gooch, Hadley, Hanscom, Harmon^ 
Hin, Holway, Homes, Hoit, Inslee, Jones, Kelley, Larrabee, Libby, Longfellow, 
Lyon, MQler, Meserve, Munson, O'Brien, Parker, Penniman, Phinney, Pineo, Rich, 
Sanborn, Scott, Sevey, StiUman, Smith, Talbot, Thazter, Tobey, Waterhouse, West, 
Woodruff. 

Mr. Smith's address is a valuable production and preserves the prominent incidents 
in the history of Machias. Most of the speeches also furnish historical details. That 
of Peter E. Yose, Esq., of Dennysville, giyes an account of CoL John Allan, whose 
narrative of transactions with the Indians is printed in the Register, voL xii pp. 254-7. 

The celebration appears to have been a very pleasant one for all concerned in it. 

A Genealoffical History of ffie Holt Family of the United States ; more 
particularly (he descendants of Nicholas Holt of Newbury and An- 
dover, Mass., 1634-1644, and of William Holt of New Haven, Conn, 
By Daniel S. Durrie, Librarian of the State Historical Society of 
Wisconsin, &o. Albany : J. Munsell. 1S64. 8vo. pp. 367. 

Mr. Durrie, author of the SMe Family Gmeaiogy^ has again laid those who feel an 
interest in genealogical researches under obligation. To those whose ancestry he has 
here preserved in so fitir a fonn, the benefit can hardly be overestimated. 

Besides the two iGunilies named on the title-page, the author eiyes a brief account of 
the Holts of Yirffinia, and devotes a number of pages to Uie two most prominent 
English fimiilies of the name,— the Holts of Lsncashire and Warwickshire. The work 
is prepared in a very thorough manner, there being great precision of dates, a clear 
method of arrangement, and excellent indices. '&» latter portion of the work fills 
fi>rty-one pages. The mechanical execution does credit to Mr. Munsell's press. 

The Cavalier Dismounted ; An Essay on the Origin of the Founders of 
the Thirteen Colonies. By Wiljjam II. WmrifORE. Salem : G. M. 
& A. A. Smith. 1864. Svo. pp. 84. 

It has been a boast of the Southern secessionists, and has been repeated by their 
English and northern friends, that the inhabitants of the southern States are descended 
from persons holding a hisher position in societv than those firom whom our northern 
people are derived. The boldness with which this claim was made had given it some 
currency, even among the loyal people at the north, until Mr. Whitmore, in the New 
York ConHmeiUal MontMy for July, 1868, published an article entitled, Thi CavaUer 
Thtonf JUfiiUd, in which he not only showed the claim to be groundless, but that the 
reverse was true,— that the inhabitants of New England, the peculiar ol]ject of south- 
em hostility, were not only more homogeneous, but a larger portion of them was descend- 
ed firom the English gentry, than the people of Virginia, the home of the self-styled Ca- 
vsHenu He sIm showed that the other southern colonies have no better claim to gen- 
tility than Yirginia. The present pamphlet is an enlargement of Uiis article, many 
additional authorities being quoted to sustain the author's positions. 

The questions here opened will have an interest long aner the present civil war is 
ended. It has lately been said that, " All great nations are a Mosaic of races indisso- 
lubly nnited and melted together." This may be true, and still there be a question 
wfamer their greatness ma^ not have arisen from other causes besides a mingling of 
noes. So, too^ though the mtellect of New England has now a commanding influence 
in the affidrs <^ our country, it is a matter of doubt whether as much of this is not 
owing to our institutions of learning as to our homogeneity. At the time of our inde- 
pendence, the people of New England were as pure a specimen of the Anglo-Saxon 
race as ooald anywhq^ be found — some say more pure ; but the inhabitants of the 
zcmsininff northern colonies, though mainly of English descent, had received large ac- 
fsiims from other nationalities. The Southern colonies were emphatically of mixed 
orim; BO that when B piwibut unum was adopted as our national motto, it was aa 
apjheable to our pecmle as to our government. Since we became a nation, and our 
mii hM been •* a rerage for the oppressed of all nations,'' the larger portion of those 
who hsfa made their home with us have settled at the north ; and, for the laat third 



M Book Noticei. 

•f a century, even New England has probably reoeiTed^a Iftrcer share than the entire 
south. But, if Mr. Whitmore's tables are correct, these additions to our population 
do not form so large a proportion of the inhabitants of the north as is generally sup- 
posed. 

It is a singular £ftct that some of those Who have been the most persistent assertors 
of southern superiority are of northern birth or parentage. 

Btsiory of Ancient Windham^ Oi. Genealogy, Containing a QeneaiUh 
gical Record of all the early families of Ancient Windham, embracing 
the present towns of Windham, Mansfield, Hampton, Chaplin and 
Scotland. Part I. A. to Bil. By William L. Weaver, Editor of 
the Willimantic Journal. Willimantic : Weaver .& Curtiss. 1864. 
8vo. pp. 104. 

Mr. Weaver informs us that he has been for years engaged in collecting materials for 
a history of Ancient Windham. The genealogical portion of this work he commenced 
publishing in the WiUitnantic Journal^ Oct. 10, 1862 {aaU xvii. 88). As some desired 
^ese reccms in a more permanent form, he concludea to make an abstract of them, 
and publish one instalment, in a pamphlet, as an experiment. Should the moderate 
edition which he has printed be disposed of, other numbers will probably follow, and 
perhaps the entire history will be published in this manner. Otherwise the genealogies 
will be continued in the newspaper only. 

The work shows great care and labor. Of the thirty-five names here fbund, many 
fiunilies are traced to the first settlers of New England ; and the whole arrangement of 
them is clear and simple. We trust Mr. Weaver will find liberal encoungement so 
that he may continue the issue. 

Oenealogy of Othniel Phelps, Esq., of Ayhner, Canada West. Pre- 
pared expressly for him, by request. By his esteemed friend and 
distant relative, Ouver Setmoi^r Phelps, Esq., of Saint Catharines, 
C. W. St. Catharines : H. P. Lavenworth's Press. 1862. 8vo. 
pp. 44. 

This pamphlet is devoted chiefly to the descendants of William Phelps* who came to 
New England — probably in the Mary and John, in 1630 — and after residing a short 
time in Dorchester, Mass., removed to Windsor, Ct It contains valuable documents 
relative to the name, besides other matters of interest 

We have received a letter from Oliver S. Phelpa, Esq., Uie author, informing ns tbst 
hie is preparing for the press a new work — the ** Phelps Genealogy." He wishes to 
inquire, through our pages, whether any Phelps in New England, wmch he styles ** the 
eiadle of the American Phelpses," has any old documents or other papers rating to 
the family, especially those of a very early date. If so, he would like correot timiia- 
enpts of them for his book. He*is desirous of obtaining the birth-place of ** ould " Mr. 
Wuliam Phelps, of George Phelps and Richard Phelps, the pioneers of the race here ; 
also the name of the first wife of William, the date of his birth, and his Engliah 
narentage and anoestry. In all his previous attempts, which have been many, he has 
ailed to obtain these facts. Those who have documents or information will pktae 
%ddres8 this gentleman at " No. 2, Phelps Street, St. Catharines, C. W." 

An Address spoken in (he College Chapel, Cambridge, October 28, 
1864, at the Funeral of Brtg.-Oen. Charles Russell Lowell, who feU 
at the BaUle of Cedar Creek, October 19, 1864. By George Putnam. 
8vo. pp. 18. 

The Purchase by Blood : a Tribute to Brig.-Oen. Charles RusseU Low- 

eU, Jr., spoken in the West Church, Oct. 30, 1864. By C. A. Babtol, 

Boston : Printed by John Wilson & Son. 1864. 8vo. pp. 21. 

These eloquent tributes to the memory of one of the most heroic and capable of 

the many sons whom Massachusetts has offered up in the present contest, are all that 

the many admirers of Bev. Drs. Putnam and Bartol, or the friends of the depsirMv 

oould desire. Among the obituaries m the present number will be found the detwiU 

of this life, so bright with promise, which has xeceotly closed on a field that baa addad 

to the gloxiea of the ntnetMBth of October. 



NEW ENGLAND 

HISTORICAL AND GENEALOGICAL REGISTER. 

Vol. XIX. APRIL, 1865. No. 2. 

MEMOIR OP HONORABLE JAMES F. BALDWIN. . 

[Commnnicated by Ushbr Pabsons, M.D., of Providence, R. I.] 

Tab subject of this brief memoir was a gentleman of highly respec- 
table attainments, and surpassed by none as a scientific and practical 
engineer. He was employed by the State to superintend the con- 
straction^of its gigantic public nsprks. He was a prominent member 
of the American Academy of A^ and Sciences, and during many 
jeaiB held the position in that learned society, in the section of Tech- 
nology and Civil Eng^eering. 

Immediately after his decease, which occurred on the 20th of May, 
1862, a brief sketch of his life and public services was presented 
and read before the society at the anniversary meeting, which was 
pablished soon after in its Transactions, and from this, is drawn the 
asterialsfor this memoir, to be published in the Genealogical Register, 
of which he was a constant patron. 

Hon. James Fowle Baldwin was bom in Wobum, Massachusetts, in 
the little village of New Bridge, on the 29th of April, 1782. His 
&ther, Colonel Loammi Baldwin, was a cabinet maker and land sur- 
veyor. He was fond of horticultural pursuits, and his name is asso- 
cii^bed with a favorite variety of apple, the culture of which he was 
4Ctive in promoting. But surveying was more congenial with his 
taste, and led him to the projection of plans for the improvement of 
his native county. He devised and carried into successful comple- 
tion the Middlesex canal, one of the earliest, and for the time, one 
of the most considerable works of the kind, in the United States. 

He was a native of the same village with Count Rumford, and his 
constant friend through all his political trials, and under his care, and 
that of his son James F. Baldwin, Count Rumford's daughter, the 
Countess Romford, passed the greater part of her life, and at her de- 
eease left him a generous bequest. Colonel Loammi Baldwin entered 
the provincial army as a major — served at Lexington and at New 
Toik. He was chosen, June 16, 1775, Lieutenant Colonel of the 
regiment formerly commanded by Samuel Gerrish. (Frothingham's 
Siitge of Boston, page 178.) He was the first High Sheriff of the 
Ctonnty of Middlesex, after the Declaration of Independence. Valua- 
bfe historical documents relating to the war, and of the part he bore 
in it, are still preserved among the relics in the family, which it is 
hoped may be consulted by historians of the revolutionary period. 
YoL. XIX. 9 



98 Memoir of Han. James F. Baldwin. [April, 

The subject of this memoir, the fourth son of Colonel Loammi Bald- 
win, received the usual instruction of the village school of his native 
town, and afterwards went to the academies in Billerica and Westford, 
preparing for a mercantile life, and subsequently was established as a 
merchant in Boston. 

But the influence of his early associations with his father, and the 
example of his brother Loammi, who, though educated a lawyer, had 
relinquished his profession for that of Engineer, stimulated his own 
turn of mind for the same pursuit. When Loammi was engaged in 
the construction of that beautiful and massive work, the Dry Dock at 
the Charlestown Navy Yard, the first of its kind in this country, 
James joined him, and thus commenced in earnest the work of his 
Hfe. 

In the year 1828, a rail road from Boston to Albany was projected, 
and Mr. Baldwin was one of the commission appointed by the 
State to make the surveys. Upon this arduous work he was employed 
for two years. Although the enterprise was not proceeded with at that 
time, yet subsequently the Western Rail Road, now in operation, was 
built upon the location selected by him ; and his plans for its con- 
struction were generally adopted. Mr. Baldwin looked upon this, 
next to the supply of pure water to the city of Boston, as the most 
important of his professional works. 

From 1830 to 1835, he was employed in the construction of the 
Boston and Lowell Railroad, and in the planning of several of the 
mills of the manufacturing companies in this and the neighboring 
States. He also determined the relative amount of water power, used 
by the mills of the different companies at Lowell. 

In 1825, the subject of supplying Boston with pure water began 
to attract serious attention. Different sources were investigated, and 
estimates made. In 1837, Mr. Baldwin was appointed on a commi®- 
fiion still further to inquire into and recommend a plan for this object. 
A majority of this commission recommended the introduction of water 
from Spot and Mystic Ponds — from the latter by pumping. From 
these sources they proposed to furnish three millions of gallons daily, 
a sufficient supply, as they supposed, for ten years. Mr. Baldwin 
dissented, and recommended Long Pond (Lake Cochituate), which 
would itself furnish nine millions of gallons daily, and could be 
materially increased from other sources in the same water-shed, lie 
urged the adoption of a conduit of masonry instead of iron pipe, and 
of gravitation instead of pumping. The city authorities adopted the 
plan of the majority ; it was submitted to a popular vote, and re- 
jected. The project was not revived until the year 1844, when Mr. 
Baldwin was again on the commission. The plan proposed by him 
was adopted at the close of March, 1846, and the work was com- 
pleted on the 25th of October, 1848. Instead of three millions of 
gallons daily for the first ton years, it actually delivered fifteen mil- 
fions of gallons during tliat period. It may fairly be claimed that the 
City of Boston is pre-eminently indebted to the forecast, firmness 
and professional skill of Mr. Baldwin, for its present abundant and 
constant supply of pure water from Cochituate. 

Although confining himself to his professional duties, and having 
little taste for politics, Mr. Baldwin was once elected a Senator for 
Suffolk, and held the office until his appointment as Water Commia- 
•ioner. 



1865.] Memoir of Hon. James F. Baldwin. 99 

Mr. Baldwin was of commanding presence, being considerably 
above six feet in stature, and remarkably well proportioned. He was 
dignified and affable in manners, kind and benevolent in disposition, 
wann and unfaltering in his friendships. Steadfast in his conviction 
of the right, no force could drive, nor influence allure him from the 
path of duty. His mind was clear, but not rapid iu its operations. 
He came to his conclusions by successive steps, carefully taken and 
closely examined ; but the results once reached, his confidence in 
them was rarely shaken. His judgment was formed upon a wide 
consideration of all the circumstances, rather than upon nicely bal- 
anced computation. He was more anxious that his works should 
abound in strength, than that they should be constructed with the 
least theoretical amount of material and the greatest possible eco- 
nomy. 

It may be added to this record of the American Academy of Arts 
and Sciences — That his sense of justice and his fair appreciation of 
the rights of others, showed to great advantage in many of his public 
works. Confidence in his integrity enabled him to settle questions of 
the transfer of property, with a facility that was quite surprising, 
especially with those persons who had not the clearest conviction of 
tiie invariable uprightness of corporate bodies in their dealings with 
individuals. 

Under his own roof, numbers were made welcome by the warmth 
of his hospitality ; for he made his home a pleasant one for his friends, 
and many grieve that they can no longer listen to the words of kind- 
ness which were daily falling from his lips. He assiduously endea- 
voured to encourage and assist young students, who were pursuing 
the study of Civil Engineering, and very many of this class mention 
him with affection and veneration.* 

The late Prof. Benjamin Silliman, LL.D., of New Haven, Ct., in a 
letter of condolence, says, " Rarely if ever have I met in life a gen- 
tleman, who combined so much expansion and depth of mind and 
so wide a range of knowledge, with such mildness, modesty and 
gentleness." 

His ear was ever ready to listen to the wants and sufferings of 
others, and his hand to relieve their necessities. He was especially 
the friend and protector of the orphan. He was a devoted husband 
and father, and when death was allowed to enter his happy home, and 
• removed one promising son, at the age of eight, in 1829 ; and the 
two remaining sons by typhus fever in 1834, at the ages of fifteen and 
six years ; although in these precious sons he had garnered up his 
choicest and brighest hopes for the future ; he bowed in silence, but 

• One of the number, now distinguished in his profession — Samuel Nott, Esq., son of 
Ber. Dr. Nott— In a letter to Mrs. Baldwin, dated Hartford, Ct., Jan. 23, 1865, saj s :— " Mr 
call CO jon a few days aso brought up my always grateftil rccoUections of the kindness, good- 
iie« and wisdom, which were con^icnous traits in the character of my greatly valued 
friend, the late Mr. James F. Baldwin, whose friendship I enjoyed for more than twenty- 
fire yean. It was to me a constant source of encouragement, for which I am devoutly 
th^Vftii- I have never known a friend who united dignity with simplicity of character in 
a more happy combination. It was this which most impressed me at the bej^nning of my 
aoqiiahitance with him in 1833. The traits of character noticed, made him through life the 
km Ja^doos friend of aU young men who were trying to fit themselves for usefulness in 
the pn^Retsion of Civil Bngineering, in which his skill and experience admirably fitted him 
to be a friend and counsellor, and as such his memory will live in many hearts that have 
toM eDOoonged by his khidnese and benefited by hia advice.*'-— Editoiu 



100 The Oliver Family. [April, 

with a deeply wounded heart, in submission to the will of Him who 
doeth all things well. 

Regular and methodical in all his habits, calm and equable in tem- 
perament, he had enjoyed unusual good health through his whole life, 
and even at the age of four score had suflfered from slight indisposi- 
tion only. His last illness was of short duration. On the morning 
of the 20th of May, 1862, he took his usual walk after breakfast; 
soon returning to his home, after reaching his chamber, he complained 
of peculiar distress in his chest, and speaking a few words to her who 
had been the companion of his pilgrimage for forty years, he soon 
expired. 

Mrs. Sarah Parsons Baldwin, relict of the deceased, was the daugh« 
ter of the late Honorable Samuel Pitkin, of East Hartford, Connecticut 
— a graduate of Yale in 1779, and son of Elisha Pitkin, Esq., a gra- 
duate of Yale in 1753 — and his wife Sarah Parsons, the daughter of 
Rev. Joseph Parsons, of Brookfield, Massachusetts, a graduate of 
Harvard in 1752, and son of Rev. Joseph Parsons of Bradford, Massachu- 
setts — a graduate of Harvard in 1720 — and his wife Frances Usher. 
The wife of the Rev. Joseph Parsons, of Brookfield, was Sarah Wil- 
liams, daughter of Rev. Warham Williams (a graduate of Harvard 
in 1719), and his wife Abigail Leonard. Mr. Williams was the first 
minister of Watertown, west precinct, now Waltham, Massachusetts, 
and a son of the Rev. John Williams, of Deerfield, who was carried 
into captivity by the Indians in 1704. 



THE OLIVER FAMILY. * 

[Communicated by W. H. Whitmorb.] 
First Generation. 

(I) Thohas' Oliver, of Boston, came in the William and Frances 
from London, 1632, bringing wife Ann and children. 

(2) John,»b. 1616. 

Nathaniel,' b. 1619 ; d. 9 Jan., 1633, ©t. 16. 

(3) James,' 

(4) Peter,' 
(6) Samuel,' 

Abigail,' m. James Johnson. 

,' m. Richard Wolfall. 

Daniel,' d. June, 1637. 

His wife died May, 1635, and he m. Ann , who survived him 

and d. 20 Dec, 1662. He died 1 June, 1658, and his death is thus 
recorded in Hull's Diary {Am. Antiq. Soc. iii. 182). " The 1st of the 
11* month Mr. Thomas Oliver, one of the ruling elders of this church, 
died, being ninety years old, — a man by his outward proTession a 
chirurgion. He kept his house, or went very little abroad, for the 
space of three years before he died, and was a lively patem of old age 
spoken of, Eccles. xii. ; though in his former years, a man very ser- 
viceable." It is &ir to conclude that Hull was right in his estimate 



}?i 



1865.] The Olim Family. 101 

of Thomas Oliver's age. This is important in tracing his origin. 
The account drawn up by Chief Justice Peter Oliver, no doubt was 
given by his father Daniel Oliver, the grandson of Thomas. This 
account places the birthplace of Thomas at Lewes in Sussex. Some 
years ago, however, researches were made at Bristol, England, on the 
supposition that John Oliver of Bristol, and afterwards of Newbury, 
was a near relative of Thomas. The birth of a Thomas Oliver in 
1582 was found, and Drake in his pedigree of the Olivers, in the His- 
tot7 ^^ Boston, assumed that this was our settler. This would make 
Thomas only 75 years old at his death, and I feel sure HulFs descrip- 
tion would not apply to a man of that age, and I must reject the 
affiliation. 

(2) John" Oliver of Boston, freeman 1634, m. Elizabeth, dau. of 
John Newdigate, and had : 

John,* bapt. 29 July, 1638 ; d. Mch., 1639. 

Elizabeth,' b. 8 Mch., 1640 ; m. Enoch Wiswall 25 Nov., 1657. 

Hannah,* b. 8 Mch., 1642 ; d. young. 

John,' b. 15 Apr., 1640. 

Thomas,* b. 10 Feb., 1645-6 ; d. young. 
He died 12 Apr., 1646. His will is copied in the Register, iii. 266. 
WiNTHRo? says of him. The fever "swept away some precious ones 
amongst us, especially one Mr. John Oliver, a gracious young man, 
not foil thirty years of age, an expert soldier, an excellent surveyor 
of land, and one who, for the sweetness of his disposition and useful- 
ness through a public spirit, was generally beloved and greatly lament- 
ed. For some few years past he had given himself up to the ministry 
of the gospel, and was become very hopeful that way (being a good 
scholar and of able gifts otherwise), and had exercised publicly for two 
years." Hull writes of him, " 1646, April 11, died Mr. John Oliver, 
one of choice parts, endued with variety of able gifts for the genera- 
tion ; but God took him away in his youth, to the saddening of very 
many godly hearts and threatening of the rising generation." 

Note. See Reg. xii. 33, for what seems to be the settlement of his 
estate. There were then four shares, the widow's, eldest son John's, 
Thomas's (deceased?), and Elizabeth Wiswall's. 

(3) James' Oliver, a captain in King Philip's war, mentioned in 
Hutchinson, i. 296, and Drake's " Kmg Philip's War." 

He d. in 1682, and as administration was granted to " two of his ne- 
phews," John Oliver and Nathaniel Oliver, it is reasonable to presume 
that he was unmarried. 

(4) Peter* Oliver of Boston, an eminent merchant, married Sarah, 
dau. of John Newdigate, -and had : * 

Sarah,^ bapt. 7 Jan., 1644; m. John Noyes. 

M«y/ b. 21 Feb.. 1646 ; n.. { S*^- %^^^' 

(8) Nathaniel/ b. 8 Mch., 1652. 
<9) Peter, b, 8 Mch,, 1655. 

Samuel,' ; d. 1657. 

<10) James,' b. 19 Mch., 1659. 
(11) Daniel,' b. 28 Feb., 1664. 

He d. 11 Apr., 1670, and^his widow was buried 11 Oct, 1692. 
Vol XIX 9* 



102 The Oliver Family. [April, 

(6) Samuel' Oliver, m. Lydia , and had : 

Vigilant,' bapt. 21 June, 1647. 

Patience,* ; d. 26 Nov., 1653. 

Deborah, bapt. 1 Feb., 1652. 
He was drowned 2*1 Mch., 1652, and his widow m. 16 Feb., 1654, 
Joshua Fisher, of Dedham. 

Thibd Generation. 

(6) John* Oliver, only son of John, m. Susanna, dau. of John Sweet, 
and had : 

Susanna,* b. 27 Aug., 1668 ; d. young. 

Hannah,* b. 13 July, 1670 ; d. " 

Mary,* b. 3 June, 1672 ; d. " 

Sweet,* b. 16 Jan., 1678 ; d. ** 
(12) John,* b. 1675 ; ) ,„ .^. „ i,^,v« 

(18) Peter,* b. 1682 1 \ s^^rviving heirs. 

In July, 1684, his widow was appointed administratrix of her hus* 
band " deceased beyond seas.'' 

In 1693, John Oliver, aged 18 and over, son of John and Susanna, 
both deceased, chose a guardian. In 1699, Peter, aged 17, also 
chose one. John Oliver's inventory mentions two children, and pro- 
perty which would come to them on the death of their mother by Mr. 
Sweet's will. 

(7) Thomas* Oliver may have been of Cambridge, and there left a 
family, as Savage and Drake seem to assert. I shall, however, 
refer to him after closing this account of the Boston Olivers. 

(8) Nathaniel* Oliver, m. 3 Jan., 1677, Elizabeth, dau. of Thomas 
Brattle, and had : (Note the first child is said to be by wife ifory. ) 

Elizabeth,* b. 1680 ; m. Samuel Keeling. 

Sarah,* b. 7 Jan., 1681-2 ; m. Thomas Smith. 
Nathaniel,* b. 1683. 

James,* b. 27 Oct., 1687. 
Brattle,* b. 1 June, 1689. 
Peter * 

Mary,* b. 1695 ; d. unm. 1773. 

WiUiam,* ; d. 13 Nov., 1696. 

^ He d. 15 Apr., 1704, and his widow d. May, 1719. Her will men- 
tions all three children, and gr. ch. Mary, dau. of James. 

(9) Peter* Oliver, H. C. 1675, disappeared. 

( 10 ) Dr. James* Oliver m. Mercy, dau. of Samuel Bradstreet, and had : 

Mercy,* b. 1695. 

Sarah,* bapt. 20 Dec, 1699 ; m. Hon. Jacob Wendell. 
He d. 8 Apr., 1703, and was buried at Cambridge. His widow d. 29 
Mch., 1710, also at Cambridge. 

(11) DanieP Oliver m. Apr., 1696, Elizabeth, dau. of Andrew Bel- 
cher, and had : 

Daniel,* b. 13 June, 1702 ; d. 
JDaniel,* b. 14 Jan., 1704 ; d. 5 July, 1727, unm. 
Andrew,* b. 28 Mch., 1706. 
Peter,* b. 15 Aug., 1711 ; d. 
Peter,* b. 17 Mch., 1713. 
He d. 28 July, 1732. His wife d. 21 May, 1786, aged «L 



1866.] The OUter Family. 109 

FOUBTH GbKBAATIOK. 

It seems most probable that only one line of the family was con* 
tinned after this generation ; that only two of Thomas Oliver's sons, 
viz. , John and Peteri left male issne ; that of theee^ John had only two 
grandsons, recorded in the next paragraph, and thai with them termi* 
nated that branch. 

(12) John* Oliver, cooper, m. 28 Jan., 1706, Hannah, dau. of Rev. 
Increase Mather ; who d. prob. 8. p. 2 Dec, 1706. He m. 2dly, 8 
May, 1707, Martha Bant, and had a son John, b. 6 June, 1711. 
His widow adm. 24 Feb., 1717, bnt I find no trace of any children 
surviving. 

(13) Peter* Oliver, goldsmith, m. 1st, Jemsha, another dau. of Rev. 
Increase Mather, 1 Mch., 1709-10, and had a dau. Jemsha, b. 17 
Dec, 1710, d. 6 Jan., 1711. His wife d. 30 Dec, 1710. He m. 
2d, Hopestill Wensley, 1 Mch./ 1711-12, and died 27 April, 1712. 
His will leaves property to his child, " if any be bom," — ^but I 
find no reason to think ^at any was. 

The identification of these two sons of John Oliver and Susannah 
Sweet is made certain by a deed (Suff. Deeds, xxi. 662) of John 
Oliver, cooper, and Hannah his wife, and Peter Oliver, goldsmith, 
" tJie only two children of their father John Oliver, merchant, de- 
ceased, which he had by Susannah his wife, also deceased, who was 
one of the daughters and co-heirs of John Sweet, late of Boston, 
aforesaid, carpenter." This aunt, the other heir, was Mary Edwards. 

We shall next proceed to trace the descendants of Hon. Daniel* 
Oliver (11) through Ms two sons Andrew* and Peter,* leaving out, at 
present, the chil£^n of his brothers. 

Andrew* Oliver, H. C. 1724, the Secretary and Lieutenant Gov- 
ernor, m. Ist, 20 June, 1728, Mary, dau. of Hon. Thomas Fitch, and 
had: 

i. Daniel,* b. 7 May, 1729 ; d. 18 May, 1729. 

ii. Elizabeth,* b. June, 1730 ; d. 28 June, 1731. 

iii. Andrew,* b. 13 Nov., 1731. 
His wife died 26 Nov., 1732, and he m. 2dly, Mary, dau. of William 
Sanford, sistev of Oov^ Hutdiinson^s wife, 5 July, 1733> and had : 

iv. Mary,* b. 20 Sept., 1735 ; d. unm. 29 Mch., 1770. 

V. Griselda,* b. 9 May, 1737 ; m. Col. Samuel Waldo. 

vi. Elizabeth,* b. 17 Mch, 1738 ; m. Edward Lyde. 

vii. Margaret,* b. 3 July, 1740 ; m. John Spooner. 

viii. WUliam* Sanford, b. 14 Apl., 1742 ; d. Feb. 10, 1743. 

ir. Daniel,* b. 22 Feb., 1743 ; H. 0. 1762 ; d. 6 May, 182ff. 

X. Sarah,* b. 18 Sept., 1745 ; m. Thomas Hutchinson. 

xi. William* S., b. 8 Apr., 1748. 

xii. Peter,* b. IT Sept., 1749 ; m. Love> dau. of John Pry©; 

xiii. Martha,* b. 18 J«ly, 175f. 

xiv. Jonathan,* b. 18 Nov., 1752. 

XV. Thomas/ b. 22 Mch., 1754. 

xvi. Brinley Sylvester,* b. 6 Sept^ 1766. 

xvii. Louisa,* b. 15 June, 1759 vd. unmi 81 Dec:, 1900. 
He died in Boston, 8 Mch., 1774-and lull wtfe d. 17 Mtib., 1778« 



104 • 7U Olker Family. [April, 

Of these children, ' 

Andrew,* H. C. 1749, Judge 0. C. P. and a mandamus councillor, 
m. 28 May, 1752, Mary, dau. of Hon. Benjamin Lynde, and had : 
i. Mary,^ b. 22 Apr., 1754 ; d. 13 July, 1754. 
ii. Thomas Fitch,' b» 4 May, 1757. 

iii. Benjamin Lynde,'b. 20 May, 1760; d. 14 May, 1855,8.^. 
iv. Andrew,' b. Nov., 1761 ; d. 16 Dec, 1761. 

V. Andrew,' b. 11 Sept., 1763. 

vi. Daniel,' b. 22 Aug., 1764 ; d. Dec, 1786. 

Peter,' b. 17 Oct., 1767. 

Eev. Thomas-Fitch Oliver, eldest grandson of the Lt. Governr, m. 
Sarah, dau. of William Pynchon, 7 June, 1778, and had : 

Thomas Fitch, b. 3 Sept., 1779 ; m. Margaret Brown, of Alex- 
andria, La., and d. 8 Feb., 1821, prob. 8, p. 
i. Mary-Lynde,^ b. 20 Dec, 1781 ; m. Joseph Storey, and d. 

22 June, 1805. 
ii. Andrew,* b. 21 Nov., 1783 ; d. unm. 
lii. William-Pynchon,' b. 17 Oct., 1785 ; and d. Sept., 1807. 
iv. Daniel,' b. 9 Sept., 1787, H. C. 1806 ; Professor of Phy- 
siology in Dart. Coll. and the Med. Coll. of Ohio, m. 
Mary Robinson Pulling, and d. 1 June, 1842, leaving 
issue. 
V. Benjamin-Lynde,* b. 14 Sept., 1788 ; d. «. p, 18 June, 1843. 
vi. Sarah-Pynchon,' b. 5 May, 1791. 
vii. Elizabetii-Digby,' b. 3 May, 1795 ; m. Jona. Freeman. 
Rev. Thomas F.' Oliver was Rector of St. Michael's, Marblehead, 
and of St. Thomas's, Baltimore, in which latter city he d. 25 Jan., 1797. 
His widow d. 13 Mch., 1832. 

Lt. Gov. Andrew Oliver's family, by his second wife, went to Eng- 
land with their uncle, and of them — 

William Sanford,* b. 8 Apr., 1748 ; m. Susanna Honeywell, 

and had : 
i. William Sanford,' b. 8 Mch., 1774 ; m. Mary OUver 
Hutchinson, and had : 
i. Mary-Hutchinson' Oliver, m. Frederick Hutchinson, 

and had ch. 
ii. Elizabeth-Gertrude' Oliver, d. 
iii. Rev. William-Hutchinson' Oliver, m. Rachel Hutch- 
inson, and had Elizabeth-Mary.' 
ii. Brinley-Sylvester.' 
iii. Daniel.' 
iv. Jane.' 

The other branch, descended from Daniel* Oliver, is the following : 
Peter' Oliver, Chief Justice of Mass., m. 5 July, 1733, Mary, dau. 
of William and Hannah Clarke. Her mother was dau. of Major Ap- 
pleton, of Ipswich, and m. 2dly, Josiah Willard, and d. 1766, aged 
81. Wm. Clarke was bom in the west of England, says Judge Peter 
0. Children: 

Elizabeth,' b. 30 June, 1735 ; m. Migor George Watson. 

Daniel,* b, 8 Oct., 1738 ; d. 22 Apr., 1768. 

Peter,* b. 17 June, 1741. 

WiUiam,* b. 23 May, 1743. 



1865.] The Oliver FamUy. 105 

Andrew,* b. 16 Sept;, 1T46 ; m. Phebe Spooner, and d. at 

Middleborough, Mass., 1772, leaving a dau» and a son. 
Mary,* b. 22 July, 1761 ; d. young. 
He was a refugee, and d. at Birmingham, Eng., 18 Oct., 1791. He 
was the antiquary of the family. 

Dr. Peter* Oliver, son of the Ch. Justice, m. Sarah, dau. of 
Oov. Thomas Hutchinson (who d. in London 28 June, 1780), 
and had three sons and one daughter. 

The Brattle-Oijvbb Branch. 
We will now return to the children of Nathaniel* Oliver and Eliza- 
beth Brattle. 
(1) Nathaniel* Oliver, H. 0. 1701, m. 30 Nov., 1709, Martha 
Hobbs, and had : 
i. Martha,* b. 28 July, 1711. 
ii. Paige,* b. 3 Feb., 1714-16 ; d. 28 July, 1715. 
iii. Peter,* ; H. 0. 1737,. of whom we know-nothing more, 

iv. William,* ; m..Rebeoca,idaa. of John Sayle, 

and gr. dau. of Penn Townsend. 
V. Nathaniel,* b. 2. June^ 1713, H. 0; 1733; m. 26 June, 
1741, Mercy, daui of Hon. Jacob Wendell, and had : 
Martha,* b. 1742 ; m. Jacob Wendell. 
Nathaniel,* b. 9 Nov.,. 1744; d. 11 June, 1760. 
Daniel,* of whom presently. 
His wife d. 4 Mch;, 1760, aged 38, and he m. 2dly, Sarah, 
dau. of Gapt. Thomas Hill, and d. 176^. 
The only grandson of Nathaniel ayd Martha (Hobbs) Oliver, who 
left issue, was apparently. 

Rev. IXaniel* Oliver, Dart. Coll. 1785 ; m. Elizabeth, dau. of Thomas 
Kemble, and BetUed at Beverly. He had : 

Safah,^ b. 25 Apr., 1787 ; m. Ziba Haydeiii 
Nathaniel^ b. 21 Jany., 1789 ; d. 2. May, 1789^ 
Nathanier K.,b.5 Oct., 1790 ; m. Ann T. Huntw 

Elizabeth,^ b. 3 Aug., 1793 ; m* Thomas Vinton. 
Mary,^ b. 19 Sept., 1796 ; m. Dr. Amos A. Evans.. 
Abigail,^ b. 22 June, 1797 ; d. unm., 1 Feb., 1859. 
Thomas-Henry,^ \ 

now called [^ b. 24 Nov., 1800. 
Henry-Kemble, ) 

Margaret.KembVb.28Sept.,1803;m. { Jj J^^ DicSn's^S! 
He d. 14 Sept., 1840, and his widow d. 19 Mch., 1841. 
Of the children of Rev. Daniel Oliver, Henry-Kemble' was fitted . 
for college at Andover, and studied at Harvard and Dartmouth. He 
has held many important positions, having been Adjutant*6eneral 
1844-3, Mayor of Lawrence 1869, Treasurer of Massachusetts since 
1861. He has had : 

i. Samuel-Cook,' b. 10 June, 1826; TJ. S. A. ; m. 1st, Sarah 
Elizabeth Crosby, and 2dly, BUzabeth-Sprague Andrews, 
ii. Sarah E., b. 28 Mch., 1828 ; m. Joseph P. Battles, 
iii. Henry EL., b. 26 Oct., 1829 ; H. 0. 1862. M.D. 



106 The Oliver Family. [April, 

iv. Mariah K. 
V. Emily K. 
vi. Mary-Evans, 
vii. Ellen-Wendell. 

The second son of Nathaniel' and Elizabeth (Brattle) Oliver was 
James* Oliver, m. Rebecca Lloyd 31 Jany., 1711, and had : 

Mary,* b. 21 Nov., 1712. 

Leveret,* b. 23 Feb., 1714-16. 

Rebecca,* b. 3 July, 1721. 

Elizabeth,* b. 23 July, 1723. 

James,* b. 16 Apr., 1726. 
We know nothing more of this family, except that, in 1719, Mary 
had her grandmother Rebecca Lloyd appointed guardian of property 
left her by her other grandmother Elizabeth Oliver. 

The third son of Nathaniel' Oliver was 

Brattle* Oliver, who m. 11 Mch., 1713-14, Anna Gillam, and had : 
Anna,* b. 18 Nov., 1716. 
Edward-Brattle,* b. 20 Nov., 1719, who m. 8 Aug., 1745, and 

had Hubbard,* b. Oct., 1745, who m. Rebecca Wallis, and 

removed to Salem, where he had : 
Hubbard,* b. 14 Jany., 1771. 

Gamaliel- Wallis,* b. 14 Feb., 1772. 
Rebecca,* b. 27 Mch., 1774. 

Edward,* b. 22 Feb., 1777. 

William-Wait,* b. 10 Dec, 1778 ; now living at Salem. 

Cambridge Olivers. 
We have seen that Thomas* Oliver, son of John,' has been some- 
times reported as dying early (as in the abstract of his father's will), 
and at other times as living and having a family at Cambridge. The 
latter idea is correct, and his will, dated 30 Oct., 1715, and proved 6 
Jany., 1716, mentions wife Mary; sons Peter, Samuel, Nathaniel, 
Thomas (in college ) ; daus. Abigail 0., and Sarah Trowbridge, and 
Cousin Daniel Oliver. 

Thomas' Oliver of Cambridge, m. 27 Nov., 1667, Grace, dau. of 
Capt. Tho". Prentice ; and had : 

Grace, b. 15 Nov., 1668 ; d. 1680. 

EUzabeth,b. 11 April, 1670; d. 1674. 

John, b. 22 Nov., 1671; d. 1673. 

Hannah, b. 16 Aug., 1674. 

Thomas, b. 22 Aug., 1676 ; d. 

Samuel, b. 18 May, 1679; d. 
His wife d. 30 Sept., 1681, and he m. 19 April, 1682, Mary, dau. of 
Nathl. Wilson, and had : 

John, b. 9 July, 1683 ; d. Sept., 1683. 

Nathaniel, b. 1 Feb., 1685. 

Mary, b. 20 Mch., 1688. 

Sarah, b. 14 Nov., 1690. 

Thomas, b. 17 July, 1700, H. C. 1719. 

Samuel, b. 12 Jan., 1702. 

Abi^il, ; m. 12 June, 1718, Hon. Benj. Prescott. 

He d. 31 Oct., 1715, and it is believed that his sons left no issue if 
they were married. 



1865.] Deed of Lands in Rowley. 107 



DEED OP CONFIRMATION OP LANDS IN ROWLEY.— 1660. 

[Commnnicated bj Wm. S. Applston, A.M.] 

Know all men by these p'sents, y* wheras there was a deed of Sale 
of y* Lands at Rowly, Late in y possession of William Bellingham 
Gent., bearing date flie Twenty third of July, one thousd. six hund* 
and fifty, w^ said Deed was made only in y* name of Samuel Belling^ 
ham, w***out y* mentioning of Lucy Bellingham, the p'^sent wife of y^ 
8* Samuel Bellingham, only y* name of y* q^ Lucy Bellingham Sub- 
scribed w*^ her own hand, This p'sent witnesseth, that the said Lucy 
Bellingham doth willingly giue hir full and free Consent unto y* said 
deed of Sale, as y^ s^ Samuel Bellingham did, as if hir name was as oft 
therin Syecifyed as y* name of y* s^ Samuel ; And y* said Lucy doth here- 
by give full possession of y* said Lands and Tenements w^euer belong- 
ing, or by apportion or other right w*ever due unto y^ said Lucye as 
wife of y* said Samuel or otherwise ; all hir Title, right and propriety 
in the said Land, shee giues unto y"" w^n named Joseph Jewet of 
Rowly, upon y* s** Conditions w*4n that deed Specifyed ; And hereby 
wee, y* foresd Samuel and Lucy Bellingham, doe Jointly Confirme y* 
fores* Deed, This Twenty first day of Eight month, one thous* six 
hund* and fifbye, in witness wherof wee set to our hands and scales. 
SignM Seald and Deliuered Samuel Bellingham, and a seal, 

in p'sence of us, Luct Bellingham, and a seal. 

Henry Sandys, 
Mathew Boyes. 

This deed was acknowledged by the said Samuell 
Bellingham and Lucy his wife, 23*** day of y* 8*^ 
month, 1650, before me, 

Samuel Symonds. 

From this document we learn a fact not to be found in Savage's Gen. 
Diet., viz., the Christian name of Samuel Bellingham's first wife. 
We can only regret that it does not also inform us of her surname. 



BALDWIN.— BRUEN. 

Is there not an error current among genealogists, respecting the 
Baldwins and Bruens ? The original record at Milford reads as 
follows : 

John Baldwin, Senior, was married to Marie Brewen, daughter of 
John Brewen, of Pequot. 

John Baldwin, son of John Baldwin, senior, and Hannah Brewen, 
daughter of Obadiah Brewen, of New London, married Oct. 30, 1668. 

According to Oaulkins's ^eu; London, page 166, ''John Baldwin, 
aenr., and tfohn Baldwin, jonr., of Milford, &ther and son, married 



108 Baldwin — Bmen — Brackenhury. [April, 

sisters, the daughters of Mr. (Ob.) Bruen: the elder Baldwin mar- 
ried the elder sister, Mary, in 1663 ; and the younger Baldwin, son 
by a former wife, and bom in 1640, married the younger sister Han- 
nah Bruen, 1663." 

From Ormerod's History of Chester, we learn that Obadiah Bruen 
was bom in 1606, was son of John Bmen of Bruen Stapleford, in the 
county of Chester, £ng., who died in 1625, aged 65, and had by a 
third wife a daughter Mary. Is it not assuming too much, to 
say that Marie or Mary, the wife of the elder Baldwin, was daugh- 
ter of Obadiah, because there was no adult John Braen at New Lon- 
don ? Admit that Marie was the sister of Obadiah, and with him at 
Pequot or New London, and the statement, that the Baldwins, both 
fkther and son, married sisters, is an error. 

John Baldwin, junr. went to Newark with Mr. Brtren and others, 
and was the John Baldwin, senior, of that town. His wife Hannah 
was living in 1680. In 1686, his second wife was Ruth, dau. of 
Henry Botsford, of Milford. He died about. 1702, aged 60, leaving 
eight sons and four daughters. His father, the elder John Baldwin, 
of Milford, whose will was made in 1681, left sons and daughters, 
among whom was an Obadiah, bom in 1660, ten years before the death 
of Mary his mother. 

Though from the imperfection of records, the Bmens and Botsfords 
cannot be classified perfectly, it is certain, that of the Baldwins of Con- 
necticut and New Jersey, a great company may properly claim John 
Bmen of Bruen Stapleford as an ancestor, and emulate his virtues. 

** An Israelite in whom no gayle 
Or tinnd was eyer found, 
A Fhcenix rare 
Whose virtues fair 
Through aU our coasts do sound." (Tide Epitaph.) 

S. H. C. 



SAMUEL BRACKENBURY. 

Any person who reads with the care and interest of a relation the 
article " Brackenhury " in the Gen. Diet, of N. E., must notice a sort of 
incomplete resemblance in the lives of the two Samuels. There is no 
doubt that Mr. Savage mentions more of that name than ever really 
lived. For lines 11-17 on p. 228 of vol. i., I would substitute. — 
Samuel, Maiden, son of William, H. C. 1664, freeman 7 May, 1673, 
was a physician, yet preached at Rowley two years, prob. about 
1669-71, m. Mercy, dau. of Rev. Michael Wigglesworth, had at Mai- 
den Samuel, b. in Feb., 1678, moved to Boston, where he had Mary, 
b. 12 March, 1674, and William, and died in Jan., 1678. Samuel, 
son of the preceding, a physician, m. at Oharlestown 22 Oct., 1694, 
Ann, dau. of John Chickering, had Mercy, b. 14 Oct., 1696, and at 
Boston Samuel, b. 7 May, 1700, and 'Elizabeth 1 Oct., 1701, died at 
Maiden 26 Nov., 1762, aged about SO. I will add Uiat Dorcas, dau. 
Of second John Brwdkeiibnry, married 28 Nov., HOO, Zecharii^ Symmes 
tir Symes, as'the reeoid has it. W. 6. jI. 



1865.] ^himZ Address. 109 



ANNUAL ADDRESS OF THE PRESIDENT. 

[Delivered by Winslow Lbwis, M.D., Jan. 4, 1865.] 
GCXTLEMKK, 

Once more we are permitted to assemble together at the commence- 
ment of another year ; and what duty is so manifestly incumbent 
npon ns, as to calmly and thoughtfully review the Fast, and derive 
therefrom lessons for the Future ? It seems to me that the position 
of our Society now, in consequence of the momentous events that are 
daily transpiring, and rendering this country and age preeminently a 
coontry and an age of the grandest and most terrible Uistory, is one 
of immensely greater importance and more solemn responsibility, 
than was the position which it occupied before the outbreak of the 
Civil War. 

Before I proceed, however, to refer further to this topic, let me give 
expression, in your behalf, to our gratitude for the blessings we have 
enjoyed, and the progress we have made, during the past year — a 
year full of, and fraught with, so many events of incalculable national 
consequence, and which, along with so much of public triumph, has 
carried into the homes of New England so much of private trial and 
mourning. As we glance back over the record of this past year, what 
a vast array of such events rises before the bewildered eye of memory I 
To advert to a very few. In March, a new call for 200,000 men — then 
in May the battles of the Wilderness and of Spottsylvania, in which 
so many patriot-warriors were called to " sleep the sleep that knows 
no waking " — a few weeks later, the sanguinary combat of Coal Har- 
bor — then the glorious sinking of the Alabama, by our own brave 
Winslow, on the 19th of June, followed, in a few days, by General 
Grant's fierce attack on Petersburg — and five days after, the battle 
of Kenesaw Mountain, in which our troops, though repulsed, won for 
themselves immortal honor. In July, another call (evidence of the 
tremendous character of the contest in which we are engaged) for 
500,000 men, succeeded by the terrific battle near Atlanta, where the 
brave and chivalrous McPherson fell, and with him many a brave son 
of New England. Another week witnesses a second fierce combat 
almost on the same ground, and two days after the loss of many 
thousands of our valiant brethren before the linea of Petersburg. 
Angast opens with the glorious achievements of Farragut in Mobile 
Bay, and before the close of the month war once more claims his 
bosts of victims in the battles of the Weldon Road. 

To pass over many other events, which have reflected a lustre 
of trinmph, albeit a melancholy one, as being gained by the defeat 
and death of those, who, however erring, are still our Brethren, 
what feelings of admiration are excited in every American breast 
by the details of that glorious march of our most glorious General 
Sherman, a march that may fitly and fairly compare with the expedi- 
tion of Hannibal, or still more aptly with the retreat of the 10,000 
Greeks under Xenophon, after the death of the younger Cyrus. 
Whatever may be the after events of this terrible war, I venture 
Vol. XIX. 10 



110 



Annnnl Adthm. 



flpffl, 



unhesitating-ly to predict that SherrDan's inareli through the heart of 
the seceded States to Suvanirah, will, through long euececding ages^ 
be regarded by all etudcntB of llietory, and especially of Military 
lIiBtory, aa an aeliievemcut uiiBiirpa8»5cd by auy getn^ral of either 
ancient or modern times. And thea its briJliant cunclasion, the cap- 
ture of one of the strongest* richest and most iinportajjt cities of the 
Rebel Confederacy, with its vast stores of cotton and other valuable 
'* materiel/' and no less than 60 caiinoo and several thousand men, 
killed or captured. Then again, as we come, or rather return » by a few 
days, to the 15th and 16th of December, we have the battles of Nash- 
ville, in which Thomas »o triumphantly and terribly defeated General 
Hood, who had begun eoinewhat too soon to sing the pwaii of victory ! 

If these eucceeecB and triumphs are somewhat dulled or dimmed by 
the comparative check suffered by the Wilmington Expedition, we 
must derive consolation from the thought, that perhaps this wa« 
needful, not only to temper and moderate our too quickly rising pride 
and triumph, but also to warn the leaders of such expeditious to 
sternly and steadily imitate the wise example of the successful Sher- 
man, by ol>8er\ing a strict silence as to their plans. 

Such are a few of the war events of the past yean But there have 
been other events no less important, no less worthy'' of remembrance 
— nay, even more calculated to awaken and intensify our feelings of 
gratitude. And to whicli of these could I posHibly refer before those 
great Sanitary Fairs, which, during 1864, have hurne such strong 
testimony to the patriotic and practically Christian spirit of our people, 
and have retlectod such brilliant honor on the cities of New York, 
Philadelphia, Cincinnati, Chicago, and certainly not least, on our good 
old Boston ; the patriotic action of whose citizens, and more espe- 
cially of those high-spirited and large-hearted ladies, in regard to the 
recent " Sailor's Fair,'* will, if gratitude be not lost to earth, be long 
treasured in the grateful memory of all Americans, and, above all, of 
every American Sailor. 

There was one event, however, which perhaps more than all the 
rest, has left the stamp of historic interest on the year 1864^ and 
claims, above all, the gratitude, not only of us New Englanders — not 
j^nly of all loyal Americans— but of every friend of freedom and 
free institutions throughout the world. I allude, of cniirse, to the 
8th of November. On that day the cause of popular self-government 
stood on trial before the bar of a gazing world, of which even the 
friendly part was agitated with intense anxiety and mnch of agitating 
doubts ; while the other part, headed by the leaders and the tools of 
despotism, stood ready^ in maliciouj^anticipation of an evil triumph, 
to chant a demoniac dirge over the downfall of Freedom. The 8th of 
November's sun set up>n a land, in which, throughont all its broad 
borders, and amid all the intense excitentont of party feeling, Law 
and Order were umt^ersnlhj, abt^olufely (riumphanf ! This self-govern- 
ing, alike in the wild rural districts, and in the thrunged and troubled 
citiea — full of manly self-respect, of t)uiet 6rm resolve— ponred on 
to the polls in one steady, continuous stream » from the opening to 
the close, each man freely and frankly recording his vote according 
to his conscience. At la*it, the will of the popular majority was de- 
clared ; the minority submitted, and the American Election of 1864 
terminated without one act of tumult or of violence, to call for the in- 



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I 



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1865.] jUnual Addren. Ill 

terference even of the local police, or to offer even the semblance of a 
pretext for the exercise of hostile criticism ! That day will yet be 
gratefully regarded as one of vast Historic interest to the world's 
Freedom I But not to the chance Future should we at least leave its 
just appreciation, but we should strive fully to understand and appre- 
ciate it now, and thus better qualify ourselves to explain its moment- 
ous importance to those who are rising up to take our places, and by 
whom its consequences will be more keenly felt than by us who have 
been sharers and actors in the scenes now. 

What little I have said, and you all know how much more might 
easily be added, tends to show the grand and solemn historic charac- 
ter of the times in which it is our lot to live, and especially of the 
past year, to claim and kindle our earnest, heart-felt gratitude, and to 
rouse us up to consider what is our duty, as the Historic-Genealogical 
Society of New England, in view of such mighty and marvellous 
events, as those that circle and crowd and career around and along 
the path of our daily life. 

I trust that in what I am about yet further to say, I shall not be 
deemed guilty of assumption or presumption. So far firom sympathi- 
sing with that spirit of national vanity which, in former times, has been 
a standing jest, and let me add sometimes very unfairly so, against 
America, and Americans, I have always been opposed to, and have ex- 
pressed my .aversion to it, as derogatory alike to our personal and 
national dignity, and unworthy altogether of the solid and substantial 
greatness of America. There are occasions, however, on which 
national claims have to be asserted or plainly stated, no less than 
individual ones ; and the present appears to me peculiarly such an 
occasion. 

Under the guidance of Divine Providence, this American continent 
of ours is now, and for three years past has been, the scene of one of 
the grandest, most awful and most terrible Historic Dramas, that 
the world has ever witnessed. The catastrophe of this Drama, what- 
ever it may be, and whenever it shall happen, will unquestionably 
exercise a mighty and wide spread influence upon the political history 
of the world at large. 

Again, in the whole of this grand and tragic scene, New England, 
and New England men and women, have acted and are acting a promi- 
nent, leading part. There is no presumption in saying, that in point 
of mental acumen, enthusiasm of spirit, and energy of action, New 
England leads America ; not always perhaps so well, or so wisely, as 
might be, but there is the keen, calculating brain, there is the strong: 
and ready hand, and there too is the warm, enthusiastic heart ( and if 
such forces be only guided aright, they will form a combination of lev- 
ers, ^at no " vw ineriuB " will be able to resist. Now 1 believe that 
no more useful and effectual instrumentality for such right training and 
guidance can be found, than in the studies to which our labors are 
professedly devoted — History and Genealogy, or better, Biography. 
And here Truth compels me to express ray belief, that this right train- 
ing and guidance through a right and philosophical study of History 
and Biography, neither have been, nor are generally, aflbrded by the 
edncational system of our country. I have investigated this subject 
more recently, as a basis of these remarks to-day, and while feeling 
justly proud of the efforts made by America in general, and by New 



112 Ann lud Address. [April, 

England in particular, for the promotion of popular education, I feel 
bound to confess that the mode in which History is studied, whether in 
schools or colleges, is, with some few and remarkable exceptions, very 
defective. In the former, little more is taught than a summary of our 
own History ; while in the latter, the study of a very small number of 
text-books, pursued with little regard to philosophical method, and with 
still less concern for that impartial spirit of inquiry, which constitutes 
the foundation-stone of a right and profitable study of History, forms 
the sum and substance of our higher Historical Education. At Har- 
vard College, all the course of instruction as to History, comprises 
Smith's History of Greece, Constitution of the United States, History 
of Franco, Stephen and De Tocqueville, and the Constitutional His- 
tory of England. 

In Biography, again, national prejudice and personal predilection 
too often and too generally over-ride that conscientious sense of truth 
and justice, which should guide the biographer, no less than the his- 
torian. A reference to a recently published biographical work, now 
generally considered the standard one in this country, will more than 
bear out this assertion. Without bringing forward personal illustra- 
tions, which might appear invidious, and even hurt the feelings of 
those, whom I very cordially esteem and respect, I may observe, that 
in the work referred to, several pages are often given to the biogra- 
phy of an American, who, however worthy of respect in his own 
sphere, is still only a third or fourth rate class man at the best ; while 
some of the most illustrious thinkers, scholars, philosophers and pub- 
lic men of Europe — men confessedly ranking in the first class of their 
several orders — are dismissed with perhaps half a column, or less than 
that. Now such a course as this, is not only unjust and adverse to 
the true principles and purposes of biography, but it also reflects 
discreditably upon our national literary character. Foreigners, pe- 
rusing such a work, attribute the barefaced bias to our national vani- 
ty, and become confirmed in the idea, that an American can see no 
good in anything not American. We, On the other hand, know it to 
be greatly the result of a " mutual admiration " system, which has 
reached a great and threatening height amongst us. The New York 
litterateur writes a long, laudatory life of his Boston friend and con- 
temporary, which the latter feels bound to return in kind and degree, 
and if, in this interchange of biographical compliments between our 
native celebrities, the great names of European History, past and 
present, should, for a while, be overlooked or slighted, we are left to 
derive consolation from the argument that *' in an American publica- 
tion, a preponderance of attention should be given to American nota- 
bilities." I need hardly say that such an argument could only apply 
to a work professedly devoted to American Biography. But when, 
as in the instance alluded to, a work professes on its title page to be 
cosmopolitan, not merely American, no such bias or unjust preponde- 
rance is admissible. Acknowledged eminence, whether of intellect 
or action, should alone graduate the extent or minuteness of the no- 
tices. I feel and speak strongly on this subject, because it is precisely 
by this indulgence of national vanity and " mutual admiration," that 
we aflbrd a just handle for criticism, at which we are the first to feel 
hurt and offended. I feel also that our position as a people, is too 
high and powerful to condescend to littleness of this kind. Whether 



I865.J Annual Address. 113 

nationally or individually, we can stand the test of a fair comparison 
with any other people of the civillBed world, without seeking to de- 
tract from, or dim the brightness of, the illustrious character of other 
nations. 

And now, to revert for a while to History, its mode of study and 
its uses. I am far from being so presumptuous as to suppose that I 
can bring forward anything new or original on such a subject, but 
yet, as you have done me the honor of placing me, not now for the 
first time, in this chair, I feel assured you will afford an indulgent 
hearing to the few general remarks I shall offer on a subject, which to 
me, at all events, seems of vast, of vital importance. Of learning 
history as it is too generally taught in our schools and colleges, I 
think very little, so little, that I deem the time expended thereon, 
might more profitably be devoted to other subjects. But History 
righUy and philosophically studied, has long appeared to me to be so 
important a branch of education, as to deserve the most careful atten- 
tion in all measures, public or private, connected with Education. 
The lessons of history thus studied, form the best and soundest train- 
ing in politics and statesmanship ; and where, as with us, every man 
has a voice in the common government, it is all the more necessary 
that in no man's or woman's education should so vital an element as 
this be neglected, perverted or omitted. Whatever " Young Ameri- 
ca" may say, I boldly stand by the old-fashioned assertion that " His- 
tory IS philosophy teaching by examples." However it may be on 
different stages, or in altered phases, as Human Nature in every age 
Is still the same, so Human History revolves in cycles, and is continu- 
ally repeating itself* And thus it happens, that the statesman, the 
politician, aye, and the citizen^member of a democratic government 
will find, even in the history of ancient nations, most valuable exam- 
ples for imitation and warning for avoidance. In the history of the 
Jewish people, and in that of Greece and of Rome, he will again and 
again find, in the stem reasoning of facts, a demonstration of the 
truth, that national, no less than individual welfare and happiness, 
are the concomitants and correlatives of national virtue and integrity. 
The learned Dr. Henry, of New York, in a discourse entitled " The 
Providence of God, the Genius of History,'' has some remarks based 
upon the Jewish History, which are so apposite, and so congenial to 
my views on this subject, that I do not hesitate to cite a portion of 
^em. 

*' And now the question that comes up is this : — For what purpose 
is it that we have these divine commentaries ? Is it merely to gratify 
our curiosity ? or is it to teach us a great practical lesson I Is the 
truth, which these divine commentaries disclose, a truth only with re- 
lation to the Jewish and other ancient nations, whose records we find 
in the Sacred Books ? Or is it a truth, which is true for all nations, 
and all times ? 

*' That is the question ; and we say that the very purpose for which 
these historical details and these divine commentaries are handed 
down to tts, is, to teach impressively, for all nations and for all times, 
this great truth — that the Providence of Ood is (he Genius of human 
higtory; that 'the hand of the Almighty Ruler of the Universe is upon 
all the nations of the Earth, and that He everywhere apportions rujr 
aonaldesiiny according to national character. If we have divine com- 

Vou XIX 10* 



114 Annual Address. t-^P^^^ 

mentaries on the world's whole history, such as we have on that por- 
tion of it contained in the Sacred Records, then the same truth, which 
is so impressively taught in these Records, would appear with equal 
clearness on the face of all the history of the world. We should see 
the right hand of the Almighty in all the fates and fortunes of all the 
nations of the Earth, in the revolutions of dynasties, in the rise and 
fall of empires, in the wars and conquests, battles and sieges, famines 
and pestilences, negotiations and treaties, with which the pages of 
history are filled." 

But because we have not these divine commentaries on the whole of 
the world's history, shall we any the less believe the great truth, 
•which the sacred records teach ? Because the light of special inspi- 
ration does not make visible the han^ of the Almighty, moving in and 
behind the visible procession of events, shall we any the less believe 
His hand is there at work ? No ! We are as much bound to believe 
this great truth is true for every nation on the earth, as for the ancient 
nations, of whom it is expressly declared in the Sacred Books. We 
are as much bound in reason to believe it true in reference to the 
great drama of political history, that now seems opening on the earth, 
as though we saw it preternaturally written by the finger of the Al- 
mighty, in characters of fire, on the earth and on the sky, on the hills 
and on the clouds. "And we are, finally, not to believe that this di- 
vine interposition is merely for the sake of interposition, nor merely 
in the way of retributive judgment on the nations. The Almighty 
presides over the fates and fortunes of the nations, each in its suc- 
cessive epoch, with a great purpose, which connects each with each, 
in the flow of the great ages, with a comprehensive idea to be realized 
in the whole historical life of Humanity, and in the whole history of 
the Universe.'' 

These views of Dr. Henry are, I am well aware, as old-fashioned as 
my own, and equally regarded either with silent contempt, or more 
violent and noisy opposition, by a large number of historic sciolists 
and worldly politicians in this country, but they were virtually the 
views entertained by our own immortal Washington, and the other 
Fathers of our Republic, and they have been recognized and endorsed 
by many of the greatest statesmen, as well as best men, that have 
ever been entrusted with the maqagement of nations. But for the 
mere opinions of men in such a matter, I should care but little, so 
long as my conscience and reason are convinced that they are right 
and just and true. And the evidence that they are so, is stamped in 
indelible characters upon the whole face of history, ancient and mo- 
dern. In our own day, it is too true, that, in those nations where the 
Bible has free circulation, and where religious thought is free, the 
laws and doctrines of Christianity are too often violated in every phase 
of society and rank of life ; but yet in how much better a position in 
every way are those nations, than the lands that are lying oppressed 
beneath the hand of kingly and priestly tyranny, and dark, deadening 
ignorance I 

I cannot discuss this subject with anything of the fulness it demands 
on the present occasion, but must briefly sum up the vievs that I enter- 
tain, and which I would respectfully and most earnestly urge you, the 
members of this Society, to propagate and disseminate by every means 
in your power, by your voice, by your pen, and through the organ of our 



1865.] Annikd A^reis. 115 

Society, The ffialorical and OenecUogical Register , I neither claim to 
be a statesman nor a politician, nor yet a profound historical scholar ; 
bat I have thought long and deeply on this subject, and I do most 
earnestly believoi that if we can promote a right study of Histort 
throughout our country, we shall confer a great, an inestimable bless- 
ing upon her, and we shall be erecting one of the strongest bulwarks 
for the defence of her free Constitution, and one of the most effective 
barriers against anarchy on the one hand, or tyranny on the other. 
Let the study of History, then, ever be based upon, and accompanied 
by, a solemn recognition of God's moral government of the universe. 
Secondly, let it be divested of national and personal prejudice and 
bias : for, the object being to obtain a true and correct knowledge of 
facts, every hindrance adverse to truth and fair judgment must of 
coarse be set aside. In all disputed matters of History, especially 
where such a bias is likely to influence us, and to cloud our judgment, 
let us, as a matter of absolute duty, calmly investigate both sides of 
the question, hear the arguments on both sides, and, as sworn jury- 
men, abide by the evidence. Again, let us not imagine that History 
consists merely in the romantic and stirring narrative of battles, sieges, 
and those great and startling events, the "pomp and circumstance of 
war,^' which many so-called historians seem to have regarded as the 
only things worthy of notice. All these things belong to the extern 
nal life of a nation, and they are not to be neglected ; nor is there 
much fear that they will be, because this external life of nations, as 
of individuals, is the most attractive, the most easily known, and, to 
most minds, the most interesting. 

In the words of* the illustrious Dr. Arnold, whose lectures on His- 
tory I would strongly conmiend to all who may not yet have read 
them — "A nation has its inward life, no less than an indimdxLol, and 
from this, its outward life is characterized. For what does a nation 
effect by war, but either the securing of its existence, or the increas- 
ing of its power ? We honor the heroism shown in accomplishing 
these objects, but power, nay, even existence, are not ultimate ends. 
The question may be asked of every created being, why he should 
live at all, and no satisfactory answer can be given, if his life does 
not, by God's will, consciously or unconsciously <end[ to promote God's 
glory, and the good of his brethren. And, if a nation's annals contain 
Sie record of deeds ever so heroic, done in defence of the national 
freedom, or existence, still we may require that the freedom or the 
life, so bravely maintained, should be also employed for worthy pur- 
poses ; or else, even the names of Thermopyl» and of Morgarten be- 
come, in after years, rather a reproach than a glory. Turning, then, 
to regard the inner life of a nation, we cannot but see that here, as in 
the life of an individual, it is determined by the nature of its ultimate 
end. What is a nation's main object, is therefore a question which 
must be asked, before wc can answer whether its inner life, and con- 
sequently its outward life also, which depends upon the inner life, is to 
be called good or evil. Now it does not seem easy to conceive that 
a nation can have any other object than that which is the highest 
object of every individual in it : if it can, then the attribute of sove- 
reignty, which is inseparable from nationality, becomes the domin- 
ion of an evil principle. For suppose, for instance, that a nation 
as such is not cognizant of the notions of justice and humanity, but 



IK 



Annml Addreu, 



[April, 



that its highest object is wealth, or doniiniun, of flecarity, It then 
follows that the sovereign power in htiman life, wliich can iof]»ionce 
the nihida and compel tlie actiona of uh ail, is a power alto)krether im- 
moriil, and jet commanding' the aetionB of moral bemg8, then evih 
Again, if heing cognizant of the notionts of jnstice and hynianily, it 
deliberately prefers other oljject« to tbem* then here is the d<jrniuiou 
of an evil principle etill more clearly » But if it be cognizant and appre* 
ciate them rightly, then it mnst see that they arc more to be followed 
than any objecta of oiitwarxl advantage : then it acknowledges moral 
ends as a higher good than physical enda, and thns, as we tsaid, 
agrees with every good individual man in its estimate of the highest 
object of national no less than of individual life,'^ 

In the study of II i story, then, duo regard m est be paid to the inters 
nal life of each nation, no lesA than, or even more than, the external: 
the state of religion, morals, social habits, trade, m aim fact urea — every* 
thing, in fact, that enters into the internal history of a civilissed nation 
in a time of peace. 

Again, I would observe, that in order to purine the stndy of Hist' 
tory with any profit to ourselves or others, it is absolutely necessary 
that we should previously secure a fair, sound knowledge of political 
Bciencef and of Constitutional Law. Without such preparation, no 
Bolid or useful knowledge of Ilistory can be acquired, and the greater 
the freedom of institutions enjoyed by any country, the more noces- 
eary are these acquisitioim to every citizen. Republican inBtitutions, 
like ours, can only be maintained in purity and integrity, first, by the 
morality, and^ second, by the education of tlie people ; and the sub- 
jects I have named are amongst the most important that can enter 
into the education of a member of a free State. Wo have prided our- 
selvGSi and not altogether without reason, on oui- educational advan- 
tages, and it is a cause for self-gratulation, that every Anjerican 
child, even though born in the humblest and pooreHt rank, can obtain 
as his right a fair education. But 1 do not hesitate to assert, that if, 
in our eaucational system, a sound knowledge of History, and of the 
elements of Political Sciei^ce and Constitutional Law, had been in- 
cluded several years ago, it would probably, under the Divine bless- 
ing, have been the means of saving us from a large portion, if not all, 
of those civil commotions and strifes, that have been now, for three 
years past, shaking to its centre the noble c^diiice of our free Ci insti- 
tution, draining the heart-blood of thousands of our best and bravest, 
and carrying tribulation and anguish into thousands of once happy 
homes 1 

It follows, as a necessary corollary to what I have said, that those 
who have studied history in this truthful, impartial and philosophical 
spirit, we must listen patiently to, and obey the lessons she oflers us. 
The words of the Roman Historian can never be repeated too often, 
or impressed too deeply on the memory : *' Hoc ilbid eM prcccipue in 
cognttione rcrum salubre ac fragifenim^ omnis ie turempli aocnmenta in 
iUmtn posifa monumenlo inlueri; inde Hbi tuceqtie rcipublicce, qiiod imi* 
tere, capias ^ inde fcedmn incepfn, fmiuin exitUf qumi vitesj* — ** This is 
what is especially wholesome and profitable to the study of History, 
that thou there beholdest, placed on a conepicnous monument, the 
records of every kind of example: and that thetice thou canst select, 
for thyself and thy Eepublic, that which thou wouldst imitate: thence 



i 



1 865.] Annual Address. 117 

also that which thou wouldst shun as base in its origin, base in its 
result/' 

Nor must this remark be applied by the Historic student metelj to 
the remarkable men of history, the great men either of good or evil. 
It is even more important, especially in these times, that it should be 
applied to the examination of what I may call National Conduct, We 
should carefully observe, and strive to imitate such causes of public 
policy, as have manifestly been founded on right principles , moderation, 
and common sense, and as a necessary consequence have brought 
prosperity to the nation, for whose government and guidance they 
were devised. And, on the other hand, when, either in our own his- 
tory or that of other nations, we observe the sad results issuing from 
the violation of principle, the non-recognition of God's superintending 
providence, the elevation of fanatic folly and fury, into. the desecrated 
and dishonored seat of Christian forbearance and manly good sense — 
we must give good heed to the solemn warning, and avoid the like 
error, as "base in its origin, base in its result." 

Errors of this kind, most fatal to the peace and happiness of a na- 
tion, have again and again been committed by men, whom, as men, we 
may believe to have been conscientious, upright, and patriotic, but 
unacquainted with, or heedless of, the lessons of History, ignorant of 
all the higher principles of political science, and totally unfitted for the 
task of legislating for their fellow men. As illustrations of what I 
refer to, I would adduce the series of political blunders that led to the 
Great Rebellion of England, which, in the 17th century, spread war 
and desolation through the land, brought a monarch to the block, 
substituted for his unconstitutional measures, not freedom, but ty- 
ranny of another kind — the tyranny of a great and able man indeed, 
but tyranny nevertheless, and eventually, by a very natural reaction, 
brought back the nation under the Godless yoke of the worst and 
most debasing kind of slavery ; the abject and degraded condition of 
affairs that prevailed under Charles II., when vice and so-called plea- 
sure ruled the nation, and the mass of the people did not even care for 
freedom. And all this lamentable series of consequences resulted 
from the want of good sense and moderation, the disregard of His- 
tory's warnings, the ignorance of constitutional law and political sci- 
ence, exhibited no less by the popular leaders, than by the infatuated 
monarch and his abettors and advisers. 

The same remark will apply, mutatis mutandis, to the circumstances 
which led to our violent separation from the mother country. These 
United States would naturally have risen to a free and independent 
condition in the course of a few years, just as the youth, merging into 
manhood, becomes independent of his parents, and engages for him- 
self in the battle of life. But that instead of attaining this independ- 
ence in a natural, peaceful and friendly way, it was gained only after 
a long course of wrangling, recrimination, and sanguinary strife, is 
attributable to the wrong-headed obstinacy of so-called statesmen, and 
a monarch no less wrong-headed and obstinate, to the ignorance on 
the part of both, of those historic lessons and political principles which 
are so vitally essential to the government of men. And in this case, 
the example is the more impressive, because George III. and his min- 
isters were warned again and again, in the most solenm and emphatic 
terms, by men, who were really statesmen, of what must be the con* 



118 



Annual Address, 



ipnl 



eequences of their unjust and unwise poliry towards America. What 
said the illustrious Pitt, in hia place in Parliameot, in reply to Lord 
Grenville^s insulting and tyranny-maintaining speech ? ** 1 know the 
value of your tfoops, tl>e skill of your officers, but on Otia ground, the 
stamp acty where so many here will think it a crying injustice (I am 
one, who will lift my hand against it), in nuch a cause, your succcbs 
will be hazardous. America, if she fall, would fall like the strong 
man, she would embrace the pillars of the State, and pull down the 
Constitution along with her. The Americana have not acted in all 
things with pnidence and temper. They have been wronged, they 
have been driven to madness by injustice 1 Will you punish them for 
the madness which you yourself have occasioned ? No I rather let 
prudence and temper come from thm side — - 

* Be to tlielr fatiltj* a little blind, 
Be to their virtues very kind.* 

My opinion is (ssud Pitt in conclusion), that the Stamp Act be re- 
pealed — abmlutehj, Malltf, and immediaieh^ : and that the reason be 
assigned, that it is founded on an erroneous pnmiple.'^ 

Like warnings were given by CoL Barr^, by the great Orator and 
Statesman, Pox, and by the venerable Lord Chatham, then standing 
almost on the verge of the grave, *' I am an old man (he said), and 
would advise the noble Lord in office to adopt a more genile mode of 
governing America: proceedings like these will never meet with the 
wished-for success. Instead of these, pass an amnesty on all their 
youthful errors, clasp them once more to your fund and aflectionr 
ate arms, and I venture to affirm you will find them children worthy 
of their sire." 

We all know how unavailing were these wamiogs and entreaties of 
these better and wiser minds of the British Parliament. Ignorance of 
Political Science f disregard of all the lessons of History, urged on, or 
backed by, obstinacy and a love of tyrannical power, carried the day^ 
and England lost the brightest jewel in her crown, and the North 
American Colonies became the American Republic I 

The great Rovolntion of France, towards the end of the last century, 
was preceded and hurried on by similar ignorance and blunders ; and 
here I will cite some remarks from a work, which discusses **Tbe 
claims of History on the Age*' : "Any one (the author observes) who 
is at all acquainted with the history of the Revolution of France, must 
be well aware that it was brought about by a series of blunders, in 
which 6o^A parties were aUernatehj to blame. But still , it has struck rae, 
that there was one error, which occurred at m critical a time {an error 
not greatly noticed by historians) that it deserves especial considera- 
tion, as being the pivot on which the headlong course uf the Revolu- 
tion turned. At an early stage of that great national convulsion, a 
measure of conciliation and mutual concession was proposed by the 
friends of the crown, at what was called a * Royal Sitting* on the 
23d of June, The concessions offered were certainly not so extensive 
as had been demanded by the States-General, but still, they were 
ench as patriots were, I think, bound to accept, rather than involve 
their country in a civil war, to which the progress of events was 
plainly tending. Now there is little doubt that the earlier leaders of 
tlie popular movement in France, were actuated by a sincere, how- 



I 



I 




1865.] Annual Addrea. 119 

ever mistaken, desire to serve their country : and not, like their sno 
cessors in the reign of terror, inspired by the demons of anarchy and 
bloodshed. Still, at (his most critical period, they rejected the offers of 
the Eing, and thereby lost the last chance of averting tibe threatened 
catastrophe ! 

" How differently would they have acted, could a magic glass have 
brought before their view the dread prospect of the Future — the 
attacks upon the palace, and the gross insults offered to the Royid 
Family — ^their subsequent imprisonment — that terrible meeting of the 
Assembly, in which the subject of discussion was the execution of a 
most virtuous and inoffensive monarch — the members of that Assem* 
bly at length passing up in turn to record their votes, and the deep 
stillness of that midnight meeting still re-echoing to the one dead sound 
of Death, death ! — and (most heart-chilling scene in the whole appall- 
ing tragedy I) that King's own kinsman, Philippe Eg^t6, Duke of Or- 
leans, joining in that vote of death against his sovereign ^ — ^the scaf- 
fold dyed with the blood, not only of the monarch, bulf* also of hii 
wife and sister — France changed from a civilized land into a human 
Blaughter-house, in which the butchers, Robespierre and Marat, 
reigned supreme — and, last, not least, the guillotine demanding their 
blood also, the blood of them, the early patriots, who might perhaps 
haoe averted all this t Gould they have foreseen these things, how 
differently would they have acted I But to them, as to too many oth- 
ers, repentance came too late, and they had to weep for their errors 
with tears of blood. '^ 

The instances that I have briefly adduced will, I trust, suflSce to 
show the vast, the viiaX importance of ^just and philosophical study of 
the lessons of History and political science, as a means, the best and 
surest means, of preserving men and nations from mistakes that are 
sure to be fraught with so much of most direful disaster. 

As I have more than once used the word "philosophical'' in con- 
nection with this subject, let me utter a brief word of warning against 
another and opposite evil, towards which a large school of historical 
and political writers of the present day seem to be rapidly tending. The 
g^eat spread of inductive science has created and sharpened a keen, 
almost voracious appetite for " Philosophies of History," and the school 
I refer to seems inclined to apply the laws of inert matter to the history 
of men, men endowed with souls, minds, and passions, which always 
have exercised, and always wiU exercise, a powerful influence over the 
cause of national, as well as individual life. This tendency of mod- 
em thought has both a good side and an evil one, and both are well 
defined in these words of Prof. Kingsley : " Surely it is good (he ob- 
serves), and a thing to thank God for, that men should be more and 
more expecting OTrler, searching for order, welcoming order. But 
there is evil also. For young sciences, like young men, have their time 
of wonder, hope, imagination, and of passion too, and haste, and bigotry. 
Dazzled, and that pardonably, by the beauty of the few laws they may 
have discovered, they are too apt to erect them into gods, and to ex- 
plain by them all matters in heaven and earth ; and are too apt, too, 
to patch them, where they are weakest, by that most dangerous suo- 
cedaneum of vague and grand epithets, which very often contain, 
each of them, an assumption far more important than the law to which 
they are tacked." 



120 



irimal AiirtM, 



[Ap< 



The time I have already occupied, warns ine that I must not tlilate 
ou thifl point, but leave it to youraelvea to carry out its logical can- 
clusiouB. For the same reason, I must resign the intention of speak- 
ing at any length on Bioffraphy^ as the handmaid of 11 i story, I will 
content myself with citing a ftiw words from tlie same writer, Prof. 
Kingsley, addressed by him to the History Class of the University of 
Cambridge, England, '* If any of you should ask me how to study 
History, I should answer — Take, by all means, biograpliies. Fill 
your minds with live human figures, men of like passions with your- 
selves , see how each lived and worked, in the time and place in which 
God put liim. Believe me, that when you have thus made a friend of 
the dead, and brouglit him to Jife again, and let him teach you to see 
with his eyes, and feel with his heart, you will begin to understand 
more of his generation and his circ em stances, than all the mere His- 
tory bookajofvthe period will teach you/' 

If I haveJjnBite failed to convey my views to you, you will see, that 
looking especially to the present circiirastaneea of our country, I 
would urge tliia Society to devote its labors henceforth, and al om*e, 
to a much broader and more elevafed field of study, than is covered 
by New England History and Genealogy alone. Not that I would 
have these neglected, not that I would be ungrateful to those of our 
brethren who have devoted so much thought and labor, and with so 
much jost credit to themselves and the Society, to those topics which 
you and I, as New England men, are bound ever to hold in high 
honor and esteem* But 1 am anxious you should all rise to the level 
of the demands made upon us, and enter bvldlt^ and promptly on a 
sphere of duty, by which we can largely benefit, perhaps lastingly 
bless f our native land. Let iis not neglect any of tliose duties, that 
have hitherto been bo ably, though unostentati<;»uKly performed by our 
Society. Let us continue to preserve, promote, and elucidate every 
point of our New England History, Let us continue to trace, in our 
genealogical inquiries, the parent seeds of that virtue, heroism, and 
patriotic self-sacrifice, that have even, during the last few years, been 
wreathing such glorious amaranthine garlands around the brows of 
New England's sons, living and dead I But let us also endeavor, by 
all means in our power, to establish and promote a right study of 
ni^TORv in general throughout the country. Nor would I close with- 
out respectfully oflcring a practical suggestion as to the way in which 
this can be done by us. There are, in our Society, men eminently 
qualified to teach History* Political Science, Constitutional Law— to 
teach them abbj, ekHHienibf and soundlii ; and not only qualified, but, 
unless 1 am greatly mistaken, ready and willing to do so. without any 
other reward than the gratitying consciousness of assisting to pro- 
mote a good object. Let us invite these gentlemen to deliver courses 
of lectures, under our auspices, in some pnblic hall, that we hire for 
the purpose, until the time arrives — not, / sincerebj trust, far distant 
when we shall have a Hall of our osvn. To these lectures, invite more 
particularly those engaged in the work of public education, and the 
more advanced students of our schools. Throw tliem open, also, if 
you please, to the large and intelligent class of our artisans, who are 
always so ready, after their day's work is over, to avail themselves 
of every opportunity of gaining intbrmation and instruction, but who 
now are too often tempted, for want of more solid and wholesome 



I 



* 




1865.] Thomas Prince. 121 

food, to appease their keen intellectual appetite by listening to super- 
ficial and sensational harangues, political discourses by those who, 
too often, are ignorant of the first principles of political science, or 
mystifiers by transcendental and metaphysical discourses, that can 
have no other effect than to becloud and bewilder the minds of the 
hearers. And again, I would suggest that our Register, that excel- 
lent work, which forms so valuable a repertory of genealogy and 
local history, should henceforth devote a portion of its pages to the 
object I am advocating, the diffusion of right views on the study of 
Creneral History and Biography, and the educing, for the benefit of 
this and after generations, of those valuable, those vitally important 
lessons, which History, and History alone, can effectually teach. I 
have thought and felt on this subject deeply, and you will therefore 
forgive me, if I trespass somewhat too largely on your patience by 
these remarks. My sole desire is, to render the labors of our Soci- 
ety actively and powerfully conducive to the welfare of our beloved 
country, of whom (in the words of that great Orator, who so nobly 
defended America against the blind and tyrannic measures of an infa- 
tuated monarch and ignorant ministry) 1. would most earnestly say, 
" My prayers shall ever be for her welfare I Length of days be in 
her right hand, and in her left, riches and honor I May her ways be 
ways of pleasantness, and all her paths be peace I " 



Thomas Prince. — A Reminiscence extracted from my private 
Diary. 

April 22, 1828. Called this evening on old Mrs. H. M. Crocker. 
She is a sprightly person, nearly eighty. [She was 76.] Among 
several amusing anecdotes which she related, was the following of 
Prince the Chronologist. — " Mr. Prince came to my Father's house 
one morning, quite in a hurry — I was then quite a little girl — to ex- 
amine some book. He was shown up into the Library, and was soon 
forgotten by the family. At length, when dinner time came, some 
one inquired if Mr. Prince were gone. All knew of his going to the 
library, but no one recollected of his going away. So, 1 was sent up, 
and there he was, so intent upon some work that he did not appear 
to notice me. 1 asked him to come down and dine with us. He 
started in much surprise, and demanded if it were dinner time. And 
being told it was, and that it was noon, he went down and took din- 
ner. After dinner he asked my father's permission to take home cer- 
tain manuscripts which he had seen in the library, and being told that 
he might do so, he went again into the library, and was again for- 
gotten. At sapper time the question was again asked, if Mr. Prince 
were gone, or was still in the library. 1 was sent up with a can- 
dle, and again found him as busy and as unconscious of the passing 
time as before. And wflh many apologies he took his leave." 

Mrs. Crocker, it will be remembered, was daughter of Samuel, and 
grand-daughter of Cotton Mather. In the sixth volume of the Register 
will be found a pedigree of her ancestors ; but more full and correct 
in the republication of Dr. I. Mather's History of King Philip's War. 

S. G. D. 
Vol. XIX. 11 



122 



ThompBon — IlougUm* 



[April, 



THOMPSON,— nOUGnTO>r,— EARTHQUAKE AT POET 

ROYAU 1692. 
Died in Easton [Mass.], Mr, David Thompson, a pensioner of tte 
longest Btanding of any in the Uniou ; and it ij^ btdit^vt'd the last sur- 
viving Moldier of the ill-fated g^arrison that dofcnded Fort William 
Henry, under the command of CoL Munroe, when, eighty years ago, 
while thewe States were yet Briti^^h colonies, it was surreudercd to the 
French, under the command of Mona. Moiitcalmp who, with an army 
of eleven thousand regulari* an<l two thonsand Indians, laid siege to 
the fort» will I e the delunce way maintained with an inconsiderable 
force of two thousand three hundred men, Mr, Thompson, during his 
long life, was much respected. He was a large athletic man, with a 
soldier-like appearance, and unusually erect in his carriage, which 
posture, when walking, he retained to the Ycvy last. His age is not 
accurately known, as there is no record of his birth among hie de* 
Bceudants^ They fix it from 98 to 102 years. He belonged to the Con- 
gregational Church and Society at the time of his death, having been 
a communicant 44 years. He left, at his death, six children, 38 g^nd 
children, 100 great grand children, and several grand children's grand 
children, Mr. T., at the agt? of 16, enlisted in the old French war, 
and lost his left arm by a bomb in the storming of Fort Henry by the 
French in 1757. He has received a pension ever since, and was tho 
last surv^iving pensioner who took part in that war.* His grand- 
mother, Mrs. Mary Hougliton (her maiden name was Blackburn), 
was one of the three wintse lives were saved at tho aintiing of Fort 
Royal ^f in Jamaica, by an earthqnake. She heard and felt the earth- 
quake, and rushed to the d<H>r, and as the place sunk in the water she 
clung to tho Hill of the liouse, which separated from the building. 
She remained in the water three days and three nights, when a vessel 

• Wo weU remorabor Bfr. Tbompson. In tmr youthful diiys lie n«j<l to make occnsloniU 
TisitB at the bmno of one of hU itf^cendnut^ hi Dorrho-^tiT, He* wi** wifd, titeii, to lie alxint 
90 years of a^. He Imd w form eirtt ainl tTonimniiiUii^r, nntl i\ firm \\m\ mrycstic ?t<?p. Hl9 
ooutitcnfliieo wii* lirif^ht mid t\\nM<A\K\ mid acf-nnlmfc to awv tnt|inj<fion^ lie wa-* owe of tbc 
best ffpecimens of an old poldit r wp t-vr r srtw. He wns niiironnly iin.'>i}*ed, m- lliirik, in hlnc. 
Wc used to look uiKJU him witli vcnenition, ahnotit witli awo, au a rare gight tn tln»sc dAv^— 
• live noldler yf llie Freritli wiir. Edito'b. 

t On the 7th of Jtitic [1692] a tremendous cartlnpakc rtiook Port Royal, Iw Juiniiica, to 
Itl fbundntlorti; ; btiried nine ti'nthjj of the dty aniler witer, and mt\<1e awful dcva^tafciaaa 
over the whole t-iliiud, Northwatxt of the town» aixive lOOO afxes were sunk. TSro tboo- 
UPd ftoulii ^MTij^hcd. In tJio ii\\s\ve of tftne ininutt k, this t>enutiful town wai* shutterod to 

places, and sunk. The inrtliquuko to t Imlf ;in honr after II, A.M. — (Iloliues'a 

JtmvOM^ I, 445; Unir. Ui$t., xli. 318, Jt. Mis'^. Hist, ^m., h . 223-230). 

*» (hit? of onr DnreliP^Htcr people, K .. ;. :;;htt>n, Ji% HVts lmri<Hi tn the ruins, iu» we 
leftm from the followitvg nicnioranda Uniwl iaiiii€{l to the efiyer i>f an old luauasmpt ; 
yf*. ; ' In lfi02t Mrs. M.iry Ilorton, widow of Brlr. Rjvlidi Horton, hwo wa* m^k^ In ye earth- 



• ?i»evonth diiy of Jiine, lH?twen a Elvvcn and twelve a clock at ntinc iti 
■jied person wait then 28 yetw* of age fnm Marcb ye hvt past/ '*— Hw*. 



quake at 
1G9'2. \ 
of l>orci> 'i 

Thert U a di>uti>imey here. Aeronllnjr to the first fffnt^'nient nhoi-e, Mrs. Man- Houghton 

was the pwrson who was saved at the filnkiDp^ of Port Royal, at the time of the earthquake. 

The tiiiotation from the old mainiseript, m priut4?d hi the Hit«t. of Dorche«ter, may be 

lo read either way, as referring t/> Mr. Hon^hton^ or to hw w1<U)w. Wc wish hifor- 

Ob this eubJtiO. We are indmod to the opmioOf however, ibat the fixst aceount i» 

KtllTOlK* 



I 

I 

I 



1865.] Prince's Subscribers. 123 

passed by and she was taken on board. Her trunk of clothing floated 
within her reach and was saved. She afterwards lived at a tavern at 
Dorchester and waited upon passengers. Several years had elapsed 
when her husband entered the tavern to put up for the night. They 
immediately recognized each other, and the effect was such that they 
both fainted ; he having expected she was lost at the time of the 
earthquake, and she expected he was lost at sea, being gone a voyage 
at the time of the disaster. She died in 1708, at the advanced age of 
106 years.— (Prom the Franklin Mercury, printed at Greenfield, Mass., 
Oct. 26, 1836.) 



BWBP MEMOIRS AND NOTICES OF PRINCE'S SUBSCRIBERS^ 

(Cootinaed from VoL xriU. p. 880.] 

Mb, JACOB HURD, of Charlestown. 

Mr. JACOB HURD, GMsmiih (for six). 

John* Hurd, of Boston, 1639, had a numerous family, as Savage 
records. Of these, Jacob,' b. 10 Sept., 1644, removed to Charles-^ 
town, married Anna Wilson, 21 Dec, 1675, and had the following 
chfldren: Jacob,' b. 21 Sept., 1676; Benjamin,' b. 31 Oct., 1678; 
Anna,' b. 6 Apr., 1681, d. 28 June, 1681 ; Anna,' b. 8 Dec, 1682; 
John,' 14 May, 1686, d. 3 June, 1685 ; John,' 13 June, 1686 ; Joseph,' 
18 Nov., 1688, d. 29 Oct., 1690 ; Nathaniel,' b. 12 Peb., 1690, d. 12 
May, 1691 ; Ebcnezer,' 12 July, 1692, d. 20 July, 1692. Savage, 
adds a dau. Elizabeth, b. 1699, but this was his son's oldest child, as 
his own will was proved 14 Dec, 1696. 

Of these, Jacob,' joiner, of Charlestown, m. 1st, Elizabeth Tufts, 
and had : Elizabeth,* b. 14 Apr., 1699, m. Thos. Welch ; Anna,* b. 21 
Dec, 1700 ; Jacob,* b. 12 Peb., 1702-3 ; Mary,*b. 21 Feb., 1704-5, m. 
Isty Samuel Underhay, 2d, Joseph Swcetscr ; Rebecca,* bapt. 30 
Mch., 1707, m. Jerahmcel Pierce ; John,* bapt. 23 Jany., 1708-9 ; 
Sarah,* b. 3 Mch., 1710-11, d. 28 Sept., 1711; Sarah,* *b. 30 Nov., 
1712 ; Mercy,* b. 8 Mch., 1714-15, d. 30 Apr., 1721. 

ThLi was no doubt the Subscriber. 

His wife d. 12 Oct., 1721, aged 47 ; he d. 23 Sept., 1749. 

Jacob* Hurd, goldsmith, of Boston, m. 20 May, 1725, Elizabeth 
Mason, and had: Jacob, b. 1 Mch., 1725-6 ; John, b. 9 Dec, 1727 ; 
Nathaniel, b. 1729; Elizabeth, b. 17 Mch., 1730-1 ; Prudence, b. and 
d. 11 Aug., 1732; Prudence, b. 25 Aug., 1733; Anne, b. 5 Apr., 
1735 ; Sarah, m. Thomas Wallcy as second wife ; Benjamin ; Mary. 

Administration was granted 18 Aug., 1758, to his son John Hurd, 
of Boston (Jacob was then late of Roxbury ), mentioning his widow 
and minor children Mary and Benjamin. This was no doubt the 
Subscriber. 

Nathaniel Hurd, goldsmith and engraver, died 17 Dec, 1777, as 
appears by his tombstone in the Granary, aged 48. He probably 
ncFer married. His will mentions brothers Jacob, of Halifax,' John 
and Benjamin Hurd, sisters Walley, IJalLand Elizabeth Henchman, 
•later Anne, wife of John Furnass, and her two children, John Ma- 
F., to whom he made a gift of his tools, owing " to the genius he 



124 Prince' i Subscribers. [April, 

discovers for the tusinesa/' &c., and Nathaniel Hurd Famass, his 
namesake. 

He was one of the first engravers on copper, though not the first, 
as Savage says, and engraved the seal of Harvard College. In 1168, 
he engraved a portrait of Rev. Samuel Scwall. 

I have seen several book-plates engraved by him, and the Oliver 
coat of arms on a piece of silver stamped ** Hurd." His engravings 
were very delicate and beautiful. 

The following inscriptions from the Granary yard are valuable evi- 
dences. " In memory of Mr. Benjamin Hurd, goldsmith, son of the 
late Capt. Jacob Ilurd, who died at Roxbury, 2d day of June, 1781, 
aged 42 years, and is here interred. Also of his brdther-in-law, Mr. 
Daniel Henchman. Goldsmith, son of the late Rev**. Nathaniel Hench- 
man, of Lynn, who died 7th Jany., 1775, aged 44 years, and lies 
buried near this place." "To the memory of John Hurd, junr., an 
officer in the late Massa. Line of the Continental Army, Obit. 20th 
Aug.*, 1784, An^ aet. 24." 

** In memory of Mrs. Elizabeth Hurd, the amiable and virtuous 
Consort of John Hurd, Esq., who departed Life the 14th day of Novem- 
ber, 1779, Anno iEtatis 48, very truly lamented by all her family and 
friends." "Joseph Hurd, son to Mr. Jacob and Mrs. Elizabeth 
Hurd, aged 4 years, died Feby. y* Ist, 1747-8." W. H. W. 

The liev. Mr. John Avery, of Truro. 

He was the son of William Avery, of Dedham, by his second wife, 
Elizabeth White, and was bom 26 Dec, 1685. Freeman (Hist. Cape 
Cod, ii. 557) says he died 23 Apr., 1754, after a pastorate of 44 years : 
being the first pastor ordained at that place. '* He was emphatically 
a good man, highly esteemed as a physician and greatly useful as a 
minister." W. H. W. 

The Rev. Mr. John Webb. 

We find in the Boston Gazette for May 1, 1750, the following obi- 
tuary, " On Friday, April 20, was decently interred the Body of that 
excellent Minister of Christ and Preacher of his pure Gospel, the Rev. 
Mr. John Webb, senior Pastor of the New North Church in this Town, 
who deceased in the evening after the 16th courant, of six days Fever, 
in the 63d year of his age. He was a son of Mr. John Webb, for- 
merly of Braintree, where he was born in Aug., 1687. Brought up 
in the Grammar school there, entered Harvard College in 1704, where 
he was blameless and studious; took his Ist degree in 1708, and his 
2d in 1711 : about which time he began to preach to very good ac- 
ceptance. In 1714, he was chosen and ordained the 1st Pastor of the 
said New North Church, where he has been a burning and a shining 
light ever since, which has greatly increased under his lively ministry, 
and in whom they have highly rejoyc'd and been very happy. 

" In 1715, he married Mrs. Frances Bromfield, a Daughter of the 
late Honourable Edward Bromfield, Esq., who died of the Small Pox 
in 1721, without offspring. In 1726, he married Mrs. Elizabeth Jack- 
son, a Daughter of the late Mr. Jonathan Jackson, of this town", who 
survives with a Son and Daughter." 

Capt. John Larrabee, Lieutenant of Castle William. 

The following account is from the Boston News Letter, Feb. 26, 
1762. " On Feb. 11, died— Capt. John Larrabee, of his Majesty's Oaa- 



1865.] Family of Nathaniel Sparhawh 125 

tie William, aboat Y6 years of age, who when he was very youngs 
entred iato his Majesty's service in that Garrison, and behaved so 
well, that he was soon taken notice of and gradually advanced : until 
41 years ago, he received his commission for commanding at the 
Castle under the late honourable Governor Dummer. He deservedly 
acquired and sustained the reputation of an officer honest, good and 

faithful He steadily (^scovered himself to be a regular and 

serious attender on the offices of Religion ; kind to his Kelatives, 
Friends and Acquaintances ; charitable and liberal to the Poor ; a 
lover of good men ; and benevolently humane and courteous to all 
about him/' W. H. W. 

[See farther about Capt. Larrabee, Reg., vol. xvi. pp. 15, 60. 

Editor,] 



FAMILY OP NATHANIEL SPARHAWK OP CAMBRIDGE. 

[Comoumlcated bj Wx. S. Afplbtok, A.M.] 

Th» following extracts from the Register of the Church of Dedham, 
Essex, England, were copied in the Siunmer of 1862. 

1560— ffdbruarij\ The 17 daye Lewes Sparhawke and Elizabeth Banig 
was maried. 

1561 — July. The xxvi** daye Patienc Sparhauke the daughter of 
Lewes Sparhawcke was baptised. 

1664 — Julye. The second daye Nathaniell Sparhauke the sonn of 
Lewes Sparhauke was baptised. 

1571 — December. The 26 daye Dannyell Sparhaucke the sonn of 
Lewes & Margret was baptised. 

1587 — Nouember. The 14 daye Daniell the sonne of Samuell Spar- 
hauke was baptised. 

1502 — December. John Sparhauke the sonn of Samuell was baptised 
the fythe daye. 

1595— Nouember. Lewes Sparhauke the sonne of Samuell was bap- 
tised the 9 daye. 

1598 — ^ffebruari. Nathaniell Sparhauke the sonne of Samuell was 
baptised the 16 daye. 

1600 — ^ffebruarii. Mary Sparhauke the daughter of Samuell was 
baptised the first daye. 

1602 — May. Edward the sonne [of] Samuell Sparhawke was baptis- 
ed the 22 daye. 

1604 — ^Marche. Beniamin the sonne of Samuell Sparhauke was bap- 
tised 6« 

1561 — December; The second daye Clement Spaihauke the daughter 
of Lewes Sparhauke was buryed. 

1662 — Aprill. The last daye Elizabeth Sparhauke the wife of Lewes 
Sparhauke was buryed. 

1598^--Juiy. Margeret Sparhawke waa buried the 10 of this months 
The entries of marria^s and burials 1618-41 are missing. 
Nathaniel Sparhawk, born in 1598, was unquestionably the emigrant 

to tUi«cauAtry, The baptism of his father bamuel is not founds Imii 
Vol XIX U* 



126 The Family of Nathaniel Sparhawk. [-A^pril; 

he may be presume^ son of Lewis, who had, I hope, had a wife before 
marrying Elizabeth Bayning. Nathaniel settled in Cambridge in 
1638, bringing with him wife Mary, and probably children, Nathaniel, 
Anne, Mary and Esther. John, who died at Cambridge 21 Sept., 
1644, is also more likely to have been his son than his elder brother. 
He had here, Samuel, born 2T Oct., 1688, died 13 Oct., 1639. His 

wife died 25 Jan., 1644, and he soon married Katharine , by whom 

he had Ruth, born 12 April, died 9 May, 1646 ; and Elizabeth. 

Mr. Nathani. Sparhauke was freeman 23 May, 1639, was a Deacon of 
the church of Cambridge, and a Deputy to the General Court 1642-47, 
by which he was often appointed on committees of important business. 
In May, 1645, he was one of " a comittee to consider of some way 
whereby y* negative vote may be tempered, y' jusKce may have free 
passage." He died 28 June, 1647, and his wife 5 July of the same year. 
His estate is recorded as indebted to John Sparauhauke at Copell, in 
England. 

His daughter Anne married John Cooper, who undoubtedly came 
from Dedham, with his mother and step father Gregory Stone and 
family. The names of Cooper and Stone are both found on the regis- 
ter of Dedham, where John, son of Simon Cooper, was baptized 14 
March, 161^. He died 22 Aug., 1691, in his seventy-fourth year, 
and his widow soon married James Converse, of Woburn. She had 
several children by her first husband. 

Esther Sparhawk married7 May, 1668, Samuel Adams, of Chelms- 
ford. Joseph and Benjamin were her only children living in 1693. 
Elizabeth died unm. 9 Nov., 1692, aged about 47 years. 
Nathaniel' Sparhawk, the only surviving son, married 3 Oct., 1649, 
Patience, dau. of Rev. Samuel Newman, and had : 
Nathaniel, b. 3 Nov., 1650, d. 12 Feb., 1651. 
Mary, m. 8 Oct., 1673, William Barrett. 
Sybell, b. about 1655, m. 22 July, 1679, Jonathan Avery, and 

secondly Rev. Michael Wiggles worth. 
Esther, Samuel, Nathaniel. 

John, H. C. 1689, minister at Bristol, ancestor of the second Sir 
Wm. Pepperell, d. 29 April, 1718. 
He died in January, 1687. 

Samuel' Sparhawk, bom about 1664, freeman 1690, married Sarah, 
dau. of Rev. Joseph Whiting, of Lynn, had : 

Samuel ; Sarah, b. 22 Dec, 1700, d. 9 Oct., 1701 ; John, b. 12 

June, 1702, H. C. 1723, d. 1747 ; Simon, b. 30 Nov., 1704, 

prob. d. y. ; Thomas, b. 25 May, 1706, m. 14 Jan., 1731, Mary, 

dau. of Naty. (?) Oliver; Joseph, b. 2 April, 1708. 

He died 2 Nov., 1713, and his widow 8 Dec, 1752, in her 85**" year. 

Nathaniel* Sparhawk, bom 29 Oct., 1667, freeman 1690, married 

Abigail, dau. of Simon Gates, had : 

Nathaniel, H. C. 1715, d. 1732 ; Noah, b. 12 Feb., 1697, d. 4 
Feb., 1749; Abigail, b. 21 Jan., 1710; and probably more 
children. 
He died 8 Nov., 1734. 

I add, in a tabular form, the ancestry of Dorothy Merriam, who 
married Joseph Adams, of Concord (Riegister, vol. rviii. p. 244), 
showing her connection with the Sparhawks and several other fami- 
lies. It may be interesting to some, beside her own descendants. 






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128 



tMUn qf Governor Bokhir. 



[April, 



LETTERS OP GOV. JONATHAN BELCHER TO OAPT. BE!C- 

JAMIN LARRABEE— 1731-1740. 

[WiLLUH Larrabke (written " Leraby " on the Maiden records) 
was married by Mr. Richard Bellingham, in Nov., 1655, to Elfzabetn 
Feltj perhaps daughter of George Felt (born in 1(500), who as early as 
1640 *' lived in a stone garrison at Broad Cove/'^ in North Yarmouth, 
Maine, *' on land which he purchased of John Phillips, a Wclchman, 
who had probably before occupied it, and which in 1643 he repiir- 
chased of an agent of Sir Ferdinando Gorges, Proprietor of Maine. 
Hero he reared a family. lie had two sons : George, killed by the 
Indians on Munjoy's Island, 1676 ; and Moses, born in the year 1650, 
and living at Chelsea in 1733. George Felt, Sen. died at Maiden after 
1688," So says Shepley, in his Historical Notices of the Church and 
of the Town of North Yarmouth. 

What became of William Larrabee, of Maldeni or his wife, we 
know not* There was a Stephen Larrabee -who had wife "Izebel" 
and two children, born in Maiden, viz. : Abigail, in Sept., 1694, and 
Benjamin* Feb. 11, 1696-7. Possibly, Stephen may have been a sob 
of WiHiaei. We have no evidence of it, however. In the History of 
North Yarmouth (Maine Hist. ColL vol, ii. p. 173). it is stated, that 
Feb. 24, 1685, land was granted to the settlers. Among the names 
mentioned are those of William, Samuel, Isaac and Benjamin Larrabee, 
It is possible that William, of Maiden, is the one above mentioned, 
and that the four were brothers. If so, William probably returned 
to Maiden, where George Felt, senior, his supposed father-in-law, died. 
There was a William Larrabee, of Maiden, made freeman, March 22, 
1689-90. Was this the William who married Elizabeth Pelt, as Mr. 
Savage has it ? Willis, in his HiMory of Portland ^ ii. 27, 299, states, 
that Benjamin Larrabee, the companion of Major Moody, and the 
second in command at the fort at Casco, was born in 1666, and died 
in 1733, aged 67. '' IliK father '^ (whonf Savage calls Isaac) '* waa 
one of the early settlers of North Yarmouth, who, with others of the 
name^ having been driven by the war of 1688 from that place, re- 
moved to Lynn. Some of the family returned and occupied their 
former possesaions, where their posterity still remain.^' This Benjar 
min the second, married Deborah, dan, of John IngersoU, and had 
also, brothers Samuel and Thomas. Benjamin, the third, son of 
Benjamin and Deborah, was probably the ono to whom the following 
letters were written. He was born in 1700; married Amy Pride of 
Back Cove, about 1730, and bad a sister Elizabeth who m. Joahaa 
Cromwell. Benjamin and Amy (Pride) Larrabee had Eiizabethf who m, 
John Webb in 1753, and died in 1827, aged 95; Ber^jamin^ b. 1736, 
died in 1809; Mary.h. 1737, ni, Thomas Tucklield ; John; Abigail, 
b. 1747, linng in 1833, namd. ; Anna, b. 1751, m. David Ross ; Sarah^ 
unmd. ; William^ died young. Willises Portland, ii. 298,^ — EDrroa.] 

Sir, — Upon a Representation laid before me of the great Advantagal 
it would ba to His Majesty's Service and Honour, and to the Benefit 



1865.] Letteri of Oavemor Belcher. 129 

of His People in this Province, That there be a fair and good Com- 
manication among the Frontier Towns of this Province, and that the 
Gent" concerned in the Lands in and about Brunswick had some time 
before the War cut a Road the greatest part of the Way from Brunswic 
to North Yarmouth and which by the Interruption of the late War with 
the Indians is overgrown — as I therefore Judge it would be for the 
Publick Service to have this Road well cleared, It is my Order, That 
you employ the People under your Command (this Winter) to open 
the Communication betwixt the said Towns in the best manner yoa 
can, for the future Safety and Encouragement of the Inhabitants in 
Case of any Rupture thereafter with the Indians, and the Gent" con- 
cerned with the Lands there will furnish Liquor &c. for the better 
comfort of the Soldiers in their Service. — Given under my Hand at 
Boston, Nov. 26***, 1731. Jonathan Belcher. 

To Cap* Benj* Larrabee, of Port George, Brunswick. 

Cap* Larrabee, — I rec'* yours of 16 Janu* p' Mr. Cutter, and altho' 
there is a Report at present of a Likelyhood of Peace at Home, yet as 
it's uncertain you must not leave your Post, nor suffer any Officer or 
Soldier to be Absent from Fort George, without my Special Leave, and 
keep a good Guard, that you mayn't at any time fall under any Sur- 
prize. 

As to what you Saw in the Print about the Establishment it was a 
Mistake, and your Number of Officers and men is just the Same as it 
formerly was. 

I am told the Indians are often made drunk with Rum at Bruns- 
wick. As there is no Truck house, I hope neither you, nor any of 
your Officers Supply them with Rum. I would have you inquire into 
this Matter and draw a Memorial to the Gov': of the mischiefs attend- 
ing Selling Rum in Quantities to the Indians, and let it be Sign'd by 
yourself and Officers of the Repairs wanting to the Fort, and of the 
Small number of Men, and let me have these memorials as Soon as 
possible. I am, your Ready Friend, 

Jonathan Belcher. 

Boston, Feb. 11, U33-4. 

Cap' Larrabee, — I rec'' yours of 6 : March, with the Memorials, 
which shall be laid before the General Assembly at the first conveni- 
ent opportunity, and I shall move to them to increase the Number of 
your men. I have at no time heard you taxed with letting the In- 
dians have Rum, and wish there could be a proper Proof made on 
those that do it. It is a vile, wicked Trade, and I'm afraid will pro- 
duce fatal Consequences, unless it can be Stopt. 

It is yet uncertain as to War or Peace, but the Latter Seems at 
present most likely. I am your Ready Friend, 

Boston, April 10 : 1734. Jonathan Belcher. 

Mrs. Belcher thanks you for the Sables, as I do for the Cannoo ; 
you must remember me for a fresh supply of Wood. 

Cap* Larrabee, — By the latest advices from England, I am not 
altogether without my fears of War. It is therefore my Order, that 
you keep your Officers and Men well to their Duty in the Garrison ; 
let them watch and ward with good Caution, and yet carry it pru- 



130 iMerz of Qocemor Bekher. [April, 

dently to the Indiana, that they may not be disgusted, and you may 
assure them, the Articles of Peace shall be punctually observed on 
the part of this Government. I would not have you leave the Garri- 
son, till the next Trip Sanders makes after this, when you may come 
to town. I am Sir, your Ready Friend, 

Jonathan Belcher. 
April 14, 1736. 

Cap' Larrabeb, — I have yours of the 4*^ Ins' ; the wood you men- 
tion came p' Sanders in Nov' last and was good. — I thank your Care 
about it. 1 dpnt remember Saunders fiaid any thing to your prejudice 
HA to any delay or any thing else. 

I would fain have all the Officers of the Government as friendly and 
easy among themselves as the Governor is to them all. — Tou must 
mase me a very Particular Return to the Inclosed Warrant. 

Sir, your Ready Friend, 4 

Jonathan Belcher. 

BoBton, March 31, 1740. 

Cap* Larrabee,-^! have yours of 7 Currant, p' Sanders, i^d observe 
its Contents. — By an Express, I lately sent as far as Georges and is 
returned, I find the Indians are well inclined to keep the Peace, altho' 
the French had been tampering with them to come into a Warr, and I 
doubt not but you will have them at the Fort as usual, and you must 
always treat them kindly and do what you can at all times to protect 
ai^d inqourage the new Settiem*" about you. 

Sir, your Ready Friend, 

Jonathan Belcher, 

Boston, July 29, 1740. 

Cap* Larrabee, — I reC* yours of 21** July, while I was at New 
Hampshire. Four of the Penobscots are now here, and returning 
with Sanders ; as there is no French War at present, they'll doubt- 
less be quiet, but you may depend they stand ready for Mischief upon 
the first News of a Rupture with France, you must therefore be always 
well upon your Guard, treat them justly and honestly, but dont have 
too much Confidence in them. 

When you come hither, you shall have a Warrant for David Ser- 
j;eant to be your Gunner. 

Protect and incourage the Settlements about you all you can ; and 
when you gain any material Intelligence let me hear from you. 

I am. Sir, Your Ready Friend, 

Jonathan Belcher. 

Boston, Sept. !■*, 1740. 

Cap* Larrabee,— I have yours of 30*^ Sep*. Your may come up at 
the time you desire, tho' I think you had better stay till the Sitting 
of the Gen" Court, which will not be till towards Dec, and in the 
mean time I would have you endeavour all you can to detect the 
Rogueries and Abuses of the Private Traders about your Fort, and get 
what Affidavits you can about it, that effectual care may be taken to 
put an end to it. I am. Sir, your Ready Friend, 

Jonathan Belcher. 

Boston, Oct. 10, 1740. 



1 865.] Hansard KnoUyt. 131 



HAN3AED KN0LLY3, AND HIS LETTER OP PUBLIC 
ASSURANCE.— 1639. 

[Hansard Knollts was born in Chalkwell, Lincolnshire, about the 
year 1698. When he left the university at Cambridge, where he 
graduated, he was chosen master of the "free school" at Gains- 
borough,* in his native county. In June, 1629, he was ordained by 
the Bishop of Peterborough, first deacon, and then presbyter, soon 
after which the Bishop of Lincoln presented him to the living of Hum- 
berstone, in Leicestershire, which he held only two or three years, 
when, having conscientious scruples in regard to a conformity to the 
Cnurch of England, he resigned his living into the bishop's handsi 
About the year 1636 he left that church and joined himself to the 
Nonconformists. Being followed by persecution wherever he went, 
in his native country, he sought shelter in New England, and arrived 
in Boston in 1638. He sympathized with Rev. John Wheelwright in 
his religious doctrines — ^was accused in Boston of having Antinomian 
views, and subsequently went to Dover, N. H., where he preached 
four years. Being recalled to England by his aged father, he arrived 
safely in London, Dec. 24, 1641. He taught a few scholars in his 
own house upon Great Towei>hill, till he was chosen master of the 
free school in St. Mary Axe. There, in the course of one year he 
had no less than one hundred and fifty-six scholars. He quit the busi- 
• ness of a teacher ; entered the parliament army and preached to the 
soldiers, but soon left the army and returned to London. He preached 
in Suffolk, where he met with renewed persecutions — was imprisoned 
in Newgate eighteen weeks — removed into different parts of England 
and Wales, went to Holland, from thence to Germany, and back again 
to Rotterdam, from whence he returned to 'London ; was again en- 
gaged in preaching and teaching school, and died after a short illness, 
Sept. 19, 1691, in the 93d year of his age. 

His wife died April 13, 1671, and afterwards his only son. The re- 
mains of Mr. Knollys were interred in Bunhill Fields. Rev. Thomas 
Harrison published a sermon upon his death, and the Rev. Benjamin 
Keach an elegy on the same occasion. Mr. Knollys published several 
works, the titles of which, twelve in number, are specified in Brook's 
Lives of (he Puritans^ and Wilson's History and Antiquities of Dissenting 
Churdies, Some account of the Life of Knollys, written with his own 
hand, to the year 1672, as also, his Last Legacy to the Church, was 
published after his decease. 

Gov. Winthrop calls Knollys " a weak minister," " an unclean per- 
son," &c. It is not in our power, of course, to disprove these allega* 
tions. We have no doubt, however, that Winthrop was strongly preju- 
diced against this " preacher of antinomanism so called," and it may be 
magnified his failings. The presiding public functionaries did not like 



* This school was founded by Queen Elizabeth, who permitted any of her liege sat^Jeeti 
to endow It with lands or other property, not exceeding in vahio £30 per aniuim. 8ed 
Oifiiito's SnioMMi Qmmmm' SdUntU tf» Engkmd tmd mUm, Vol. i. 797. 



132 



Hansard Knollys. 



tpnl 



to be tliwarted m their plans, or disturbed, in the least, m their schemes 
of policy, Oppusitiuii to their nieiiBiireH would naturally at once be 
frowned upon. True, Knollys, by letter at least, mali^ed the gov- 
einment, but " he afterwards made an ingeniwuB and satisfactory con- 
fesaion." Let it also be remembered, that he arrived at Boston, " a 
persecuted fugitive, in a state of utter destitution. He had Bacrificed 
every thing for conscience sake. Hia child had died on the passage. 
His wife*s money was all expended/* " Few living men now would 
blame him for writing sliarply to his friends of the oppressive system 
under which he Buflered on his first coming here.'* Besides, some of 
the charges brought against him were undoubtedly untrue. His ene- 
mies would not be expected to speak of hia virtues, and we know that 
small faults or suspicions of failings even, passing through malicious 
channels, are ol^cn swollen into the deepest of sins. We are aware 
that our opinion in regard to the merits or demerits of this noted man 
will have but little weight. One who esteemed him says: — *'Ile 
bore his suiferings with the greatest courage and cheerfuiness ; and 
behaved w^ith meekness towards his enemies. In the whole of his 
life he exhibited a blight pattern of Christian piety. He did not con- 
fine his allections to Christians of his own party, but loved tiio image 
of God wherever he saw it. And so circumspect was he in the whole 
of his behaviour as to command the reverence of those ivho were ene- 
mies to his principles/' 

Sec Brook's Lives of the Pimtnns, iii. 491 ; Wilson's History and 
AnHqnitws of J)isscfdiiig (7/iurc/i^s (which contains also a portrait of 
Knollys), ii. 571; Crosby's Englisit Baptufs, i. S34 ; Harrison's 
Semion on (he Death of Knolb^s ; Eliot's fJictionajy ; Drake's HUtortj 
of Bo!iton, pp. 220, 242, 254, 256, 378 ; Sprague's Annah cf (he Ame- 
rican Pttfpit^ Yob vi. Baptist. 

The following " letter of Public Assurance," as it is termed, 
was copied from tlie first volume of Suflblk Registry of Deeds. It is 
without signature. EorroR,| 

Wheras. Mr. Hansard Knolles, of Dover, vpon 
Massa. Pascay., haninge, by letters into England greatly 

11 : 29 : 1639. Scandelized y" Church and Civill State of this Juris- 
diction, and beinge vpon belter consideration brought 
to see the greatnesse of his oflTunce and there vpon hath oft and earn- 
estly craned Libertye that he might come to giue Publq. satisfaction : * 



• « Al liii flr«t comlni? hither " wiys "Wlnthrop (nee Savogc's edition of Wintlircra's Joimial, 
L 3RM}, he " wrote a letter to hu« frlcnd» in London, whcn*in ho liitterly invutniitid uxmni't 
Ui^ twith Against our iiifigktrates mid < hurehoM, umi ti^,iinst all the jxopk^ in gt nt-nd {lis hj 
the copy of ld« letter Kent over to our govt'rtiour may appe^ir). TIjc i^oveniour pave bun 
notice tlicrcof, and, tteiii^ hroriglit t*^^ a belter jud^incnt liy further mnNidcration and more 
experience, lie sfiw- tlie wron^ iie luid d<nie a», and wiki di^'ply liundiled for It, and wroM to 
tlic govcnjour to thxit elllHt, find tlosiivrl a s^fe ctmduet. that he niij^iit eoine into tiie Iwy to 
give satisfiic-tlon, k:U\ i'or lie «»uld have no rent in \m spirit until, ete/' [Wiutlirop 
hfid }\i»t stated, tliat Mr. Knollys wiis denied & n'^identf in tlie Miwwaehusett> on 
aocoant of h'\» hi'mg found IncllninfT toward th« views of the ** familistlcftl opinion- 
igts," in wliut^e eoin|*ftny he emne over from England; tliat ire went to Pascataqnarlt, 
nrherc he be^an to p^^ ■ • !• ' -t Mr. Bardctt» their governor Jind prcaehcr, "Inhibited 
him ; " BO he removed i mi uh, iiiid there gathered a church of wliieli he liecamo a 

pantor; **a!id Capt, In i;? tlivir gnvemour, they called iheir town Dover."] Got. 

Whithrop proeced/j, *' Avhkti Ihuj?,' sent him," (that w. **a safe mnduet " '*ti> como Into tlic 
bay," hi\) *• under the govenRinr hit hand (with consent of tli« c»?uneil}, he gauicl «ad, upon 
a lectnre day at Boston (moifit of the mogi^trHtcj and elders in the bay belngr then» ais^em- 
bl«d)f be made a rery free and full confi^oR of Ma ol^ttoc, with mocli n^gtuvation against 



1865.] Petitim to George III 133 

I hane thought fit, by the advise and consent of the rest of the Coun- 
cell, to graunt him these letters of Publq. Assurance : by w** he 
shalbe in peace and saftye w***in this Jurisdiction, duringe the time 
of his cominge, stayinge, and returninge, free from any arest ore other' 
molestation, by, ore from, any Auth*^. heere, he demeaninge himselfe 
well, accordinge to the order of such Publq. Ass**. pMded, that he 
shall not staye w*4n this Jurisdiction aboue tenn dayes, after notice 
eiuen him by the Governo', Depty Gov'., this Assurance to be in 
K>rce till the ende of the thirde month next, and noe longer. 
To all Publiq. Officers 

and others within this 

Jurisdiction whom this 

may conceme. 



FETITIOK OF THE NATIVE AMERICANS RESIDING IN 

LONDON, TO HIS MAJESTY GEORGE III., IN IIU. 

[Commnnicated by Jbremiah Colbubn.] 

The bills alluded to in this petition, were the last of the series of 
those acts of the British Parliament which produced a crisis, and 
were the immediate cause of the Revolutionary War. 

To the King's Most Excellent Majesty : — 
The Petition of several natives of America, most humbly sheweth : — 
That your petitioners, being your Majesty's most faithful subjects, 
are obliged to implore your gracious interposition, to protect them in 
the enjoyment of those privileges which are the right of all your people. 
Your Majesty's petitioners have already seen, with unspeakable grief, 
their earnest prayers rejected, and heavy penalties inflicted, even on 
the innocent among their countrymen, to the subversion of every prin- 
ciple of justice, without their being heard. By this alarming proce- 
dure all property was rendered insecure ; and they now see, in two 
bills (for altering the government of the Massachusetts-Bay, and the 
impartial administration of justice there), the intended subversion of 
the two other grand objects of civil society and constitutional protec- 
tion, to wit, liberty and life. 

Yjour petitioners most humbly represent to your Majesty, that to 
destroy or assume their chartered rights, without a full and fair hear- 
ing, with legal proof of forfeiture, and the abrogating of their most 
▼unable laws, which had duly received the solemn confirmation of 
your Majesty's royal predecessors, and were thence deemed unchange- 
able without -the consent of the people, is such a proceeding as ren- 
dera ihe enjoyment of every privilege they possess totally uncertain 
and precarid«E8. 

MttM^I^ 80 IIS the fif^ealWir were well satisfied. He wrote aTiso a letter to the same ofl^ to 
tab' MM friends in £n|^xid, which he left with the aoTcmOnr to be sent to them." 

On the first page of the first book of Snfiblk Deeds, is a letter, chiefly in characters, en- 
mAf ^ Copie of A letter sent to EngTand ftom Mr. Hansed Knoliys, To Mr. Robert 'SImRm, 
tad bMMogr'date: 79 19: of' 12 month Anno 1689:" This may be a copy oC oad'ofifte 
totttts referred to by Qor. Whithrop. 

Vol. XIX. 12 



134 Rev. John Bamari. t-^P^^ 

That an exemption of the soldiery from being tried in the Massa- 
chusetts-Bay, for murder, or other felony committed upon your Ma- 
jesty's liege subjects there, is such an incouragement to licentious- 
ness and incentive to outrage, as must subject your Majesty's liege 
Eeople to continued danger. Your petitioners and their countrymen 
ave been ever most zealously attached to your Majesty's person and 
family. It is therefore with inexpressible afifliction that they see an 
attempt, in these proceedings against them, to change the principle 
of obedience to government, from the love of the subject towards 
their sovereign, founded on the opinion of his wisdom, justice and 
benevolence, into the dread of absolute power, and laws of extreme 
rigour, insupportable to a free people. 

Should the bills abovementioned receive your royal sanction^ your 
Majesty's faithful subjects will be overwhelmed with grief and despair. 
It is therefore our most earnest prayer, that your Majesty will be 
graciously pleaised to suspend your royal assent to the said bills. 
And your petitioners, &c. * 

Stephen Sayre, William H. Gibbs, 

William Lee, William Blake, 

Arthur Lee, Isaac Motte, 

Edmund Jenings, Henry Laurens, 

Joshua Johnson, Thomas Pinckney, 

Daniel Bowley, John F. Orimke, 

Benjamin Franklin, Jacob Read, 

Thomas Busten, Philip Neyle, 

Edward Bancroft, Edward Fenwicke, 

Thomas Bromfield, Edward Fenwicke, Jr. . 

John Boylston, John Peronneau, 

John Ellis, William Middleton, 

John Williams, William Middleton, Jr. ^ 

John AUoyne, Ralph Izard, _ 

William Heyward, Ralph Izard, Jr. 

[Sixteen of the signers were from South Carolina, six from Masaa' 
chusetts, six from Virginia, and two from Pennsylvania, all of whom, 
with but a single exception, remained true to their principles, and 
were active in the service of their country, throughout the whole of 
the Revolutionary War.] 



Rev. John Barnard ^vol. xviii. p. 386). — Good accounts of him 
will be found in the biographical dictionaries of Eliot and Allen. 
The latter (3d ed. pp. 03-4,) devotes more than two columns to him, 

giving a list of his principal productions. His works in Harvard 
oUege library fill more than half a page of the printed catalogue. 
His adopted son and heir. Dr. John Barnard Swett, grandson of 
Joseph Swett, referred to on p. 387, was the father of Col. Samuel 
Swett (jirde vi. 68), a valued correspondent of the Register, now liv- 
ing in Boston, at an advanced age, who is the author of a History of 
ihe BatUe of Bunker Hill, and other works. Col. Swett graduated at 
Harvard College in 1800. J. I>. 



1865.] Letter from John Hancock. 135 



LETTER FROM JOHN HANCOCK TO DOROTHY QUINCY, 

1115. 

[This letter was written by Mr. Hancock, the year previous to his 
marriage to Miss Dorothy Quincy. He was on his way to Philadel- 
phia, where he was chosen President of the Continental Congress, 
May 24th.] 

New York, SaJbhalh Evening ^ May 1, \11b. 
My Dear Dolly, 

I arriv'd well, tho' Patigu'd, at King's Bridge, at Fifty minutes 
after Two o'clock yesterday, where I found the Delegates of Massa- 
chusetts and Connect* with a number of Gentlemen from New York, 
and a Guard of the Troop. I Din'd and then Set out in Procession for 
New York, the Carriage of your humble servant, of course, being 
first in the Procession. When we Arriv'd within three miles of the 
City we were met by the Grenadier Company and Regiment of the 
City Militia under Arms, Gentlemen in Carriages and on Horseback, 
and many thousand of Persons on Foot ; the Roads fiU'd with people, 
and the greatest Cloud of Dust I ever saw. In this Situation we 
Enter'd the City, and passing thro' the Principal Streets of New York 
amidst the Acclamations of Thousands, we were Set Down at Mr. 
Francis's. After Entering the House, three Huzzas were Given, and 
the People by Degrees Dispers'd. When I Got within a mile of the 
City, my Carriage was Stopt, and Persons Approaching, with proper 
Harnesses insisted upon Taking out my Horses and Dragging me into 
and through the City, a Circumstance I would not have had Taken 
place upon any Consideration, not being fond of such Parade. I 
Beg'd and Intreated that they would Suspend the Design, and ask'd 
it as a favour, and the Matter Subsided, but when I Got to the En- 
trance of the City and the Numbers of Spectators increas'd to perhaps 
seven Thousand or more, they Declar'd they would have the 
Horses out, and would Drag me themselves, thro' the City. I Re- 
peated my Request, that they would so far oblige me as not to Insist 
upon it ; they would not Hearken, and I was obliged to Apply to the 
Leading Gentlemen in the procession to intercede with them not te 
carry their Designs into Execution, as it was very Disagreeable to 
me. They were ^t last prevailed upon, and I proceeded. I was 
much Oblig'd te them for their good wishes and Opinion ; in short, no 
Person could possibly be more Notic'd than myself. After having Rode 
so fast and so many Miles you may well think I was much Fatigued, but 
no sooner had I got into the Room of the House, we were Visited by 
a great number of Gentlemen of the first Character in the City, which 
took up the Evening. About 10 o'clock I sat down to a Supper of 
Pried Oysters, &c., and at 11 o'clock went to Capt. Sears's (the 
King here) and Lodg'd. Arose at 5 o'clock, went to the House first 
mention'd. Breakfasted, Dress'd, and went to Meeting, where I heard 
A most excellent Sermon by Mr. Livingston. Returned to the same 
House, a most Elegant Dinner provided, went to Meeting, heard Dr. 



r36 Pmoners in Old Mill Prison. [April, 

Rogers, a fine preacher. To morrow Morning, propose to Cross the 
Ferry. We are to have a large Guard in several Boats, and a num- 
ber of the City gentlemen will attend us over. I cant think they 
will dare to attack us. The Grenadier Company of the City is to Con- 
tinue under Arms during our Stay here, and we have a Guard of 
them Night and Day at our Doors. This is a sad Mortification to 
the Tories. Things look well here, 

I Beg you will write me. Do acquaint me [with] every Circumstance 
Relative to the Dear Aunt of mine. Write lengthy and often. Mr. 
Nath" Barrett and Mr. Breck are here. People move slowly out, 
they tell me, from Boston. My best Respects to Mr. and Mrs. Burr. 
My poor Pace and Eyes are in a most Shocking Situation, burnt up 
and much SwelPd, and a little painfull. I dont know how to Manage 
with it. Is your Father out? As soon as you know, do acquaint 
me, and Send me the Letter, and I will then write him. Pray let me 
hear from you, by every Post. God Bless you, My D' Girl, and be- 
lieve me most sincerely. Yours most Affectionately, 

John Hancock. 

Superscribed — 

For, Miss Dorothy Quincy, 

At the House of Thaddeus Burr, Csq. 
In Fairfield. 



LIST OP AMERICAN PRISONERS COMMITTED TO OLD MILL 
PRISON, ENGLAND, DURING THE WAR. 

[Conunanicated by Jeremiah Colbiun.] 
CoDtinued flrom ptge 76. 

Brig Fancy, taken August, ITTT, crew committed 17T7. — Capt. 
John Lee, escaped ; Dan'l Lane, exchanged ; John Beckford, Wm. 
White, Newbury, exchanged ; Robert Stephenson, Joseph Barker, Wm. 
Pickett, Thomas Meek, James Valentine, Francis Salter, And. Sly- 
field, Rob* Swan, John Swan, escaped ; Wm. Laskey, John Lio, Wm. 
Cole, James Cox, Sam'l Cox, Michael Frefice, Jacob Vickory, Sam'l 
Hawley, Sam'l Beal, Thos. Horton, Jona. Bartlet, Edmund Bowden, 
John Adams, Robt Brown, Nicholas Thom, Robt Peirce, Sam'l Whit- 
rong, Benj. Marston, Skillings Brooks, Nicholas Gurler, Richard Gause, 
John L. Craw, CaBsar Bartlett, exchanged ; Elias Hart, Marblehead, 
died; Sam'l Tread well, Nath'l Jones, Sam'l Larkman, Wm. Longfellow, 
Adam Choate, Dan'l Goodhew, exchanged ; John Fowler, Charles 
Barnes, died. John Fisher, escaped ; Samuel Harris, Ipswich, re- 
mains. Alex. Barter, Luke Larkman, exchanged ; Israel Matthews, 
England, escaped; William Skinner, Philadelphia, escaped; Martin 
Shaw, Ireland, exchanged; Wm. Linn, Sweden, exchanged; Thos. 
Salter, Frenchman's Bay, exchanged. 

A Letter Marque taken May 24, 1111, two of the crew committed. 
George Rolls, escaped ; George Watkins, Virginia, exchanged. 

Schooner Hawkes^ Prize, take^ 1777 ; Benj. Leach, Abiel Lee, Thos. 



1865.] Prisoners in Old Mill Prison. 187 

Knowlton, Manchester, exchanged ; Moses Stacey, Thos. Widger, 
MarbJeheadt exchanged ; Amherst Waite, Newbury. 

Brig Lexington, taken Sept. 10, 1777, crew committed 1777. — Capt. 
Henry Johnson, escaped, Boston ; David Welsh, Ancher W. Kirk, 
John Kennedy, Thos. Colston, John Howard, Robert Ford, James 
Hayes, Joshua Barry, Joseph Colston, Thos. Welch, Nicholas Shoals, 
Thos. Marlin, Matthew Branham, escaped ; John Hopes, Wm. Lee, 
Wm. Kelly, Philip McCocklin, Thos. Bradley, James Dick, Ireland, 
exchanged; Aaron Ougley, Andrew Grois, James Shields, Daniel 
Fagen, Francis Colbum, David Clark, escaped ; Jacob Crawford, John 
Harvey, Henry Bnckley, Philadelphia, exchanged ; George Thayer, 
Providence, exchanged ; Richard Deal, escaped ; Uenry Lawrence, 
Virginia, exchanged ; Joshua Kingingrow, died ; John Stewart, Ire- 
land, escaped ; John Shester, exchanged ; Thos. Lyon, Matthew 
Clear, John Widow, Sam'l Williams, John Davis, Joseph Hallj^ Benj. 
Richards, £dw. Hart, England, escaped ; Samuel Hubbell, Connecticut, 
remains ; George Morrison, Maryland, escaped. 

Schooner Warren, taken Dec. 27, 1777, crew committed 4th June, 
1778. — Capt. John Ravell, John Jones, Wm. Bright, Richard Crispin, 
Sam'l Knapp, John Underwood, escaped ; Benj. Beckett, Thos. Man- 
ning, die4; Samuel Foot, John Batton, Wm. Smith, Jona. Lander^ 
Joseph Lambert, Stephen Waters, Jona. Archer, Isaiah Jordan, Clif- 
ford Growningshield, Edward Hulin, Thos. Mashury, Sam'l Townsend, 
Daniel Chubb, Nathaniel Ward, John Batton, Jr., Thomas Stevens, 
Wm. Archer, Peter Harris, Salem, exchanged ; Benj. Chipman, Bev- 
erly, escaped ; John Gushing, Haverhill, exchanged ; Eben Bosworth, 
Bristol, exchanged ; Sampson Simms, Warren, escaped ; Thos. Austin, 
Wm. Clark, Preserved Sissal; exchanged ; Sam'l Harris, Rhode Island, 
escaped ; Wm. Hall, Philadelphia, escaped ; Peter Mercey, remains ; 
John Phillips, France, escaped ; Joseph Ingersol, Gape Ann, escaped ; 
Robert McClary, Boston, escaped ; Ezekiel Casey, Carolina, escaped. 

Black Snake, taken in the West Indies, Aug., 1777, part of the 
crew committed 1777. — Capt. Wm. Le'Craw, Marblehead, escaped ; 
John Wheeler, Bhode Island, escaped ; John Buckley, Maryland, 
exchanged. 

Trepanned by an English Smuggler in France. John Burrell^ Eng- 
land, escaped ; Wm. Morris, Boston, escaped. 

Ranger's Prize, taken in West Indies, Feb. 23, 1778, committed 
Aug. 13, 1778 ; Charles Foster Sherman, Bhode Island, exchanged. 

Sdiooner True Blue, taken Jan., 1778 ; only the captain committed, 
1778. — Faunel Jones, Marblelvead, exchanged. 

Mu^jueto^'S Tender, taken in West Indies, 1778, one of the crew 
committed. — Wm. Dalton, St. Mathias, escaped. 

Shop Hawk, taken in West Indies, April 13, 1778, crew commit- 
ted Oct. 16. — John Pickworth, escaped ; John Haynes, escaped ; 
John Dedham, Salem, remains ; Thomas English, John Foye, Boston, 
died ; Woodward Abraham, Charlestown, New England, exchanged. 

Sloop Lucrelia, taken July 3, 1778, part of crew committed 1778.— 
James Horton, Casco Bay, exchanged ; Samuel Lewis, Boston, escaped. 

Brig Booty, taken Aug. 11, 1778, committed March 22, 1779.— 
ThoB. Watkins, Maryland, escaped ; Isaac Barren, Chelmsford, re- 
mains. 

America's Prize, taken Nov. 19, 1778, committed 22d March, 1779* 
Vol XIX 12* 



138 



Trmncrt in Old Mill Prism. 



[Aprfl, 



— Eicbanl Noaglea, Francis Mescrvoy, George Pike, Phil, Trask, John 
Lapthoni, ran away; Thomas Cullier, Marbkhead, cxi -hanged. 

Taken in a Letter of Marque and committed. James Hayis, Ir^ 
land, ran away. 

Ship Alliance's Prize, taken n'J9, erew committed March 22, ITtO,— 

"John Patton, Daniel Nickerfion, John Dal ton, Wm. Ncal, Irrland, ran 

away; Zac, Bassett, MiUon, remains; David How, Sf^i^fland^ ran 

away ; Abram Symonda, lihode hlatvl, ran away ; John Adams, Eng- 

\1and, ran away. 

Ship Effinglmm, taken Jan. 21, 17T9, part of the crew committed 10th 
May, lt79. — Igiaac Hilton, Comco Bay, exchanged; Beiij. Sawley, Fal* 
mou//i, remains ; Lott Gage, remains; Wm. Lumber, Cape Cod, ran 
[away. 

Br if/ Phfenix, taken Fein 12, part of the crew eommitted 10 th May, 
|in9.—Rieliard Tucker, Wm. Widger, Wm. TritTey, John Wills, re- 
aain ; Charles Grant, Thomas Snijw, Christopher Bubler, Richard 
[Skinner, Skives ter Stevens, of JUIarbleJiead , ran away. 

Sehootier Haivk, taken 1770, part of the crow committed 10th May, 
[1779. — ^Capt. John Calfe, John Knight^ Newbury, ran away. 

Sloop Providence's Prize, taken and committed 10th May. — Jame8 
I Adams, Boston, ran away. 

Ship General Sullivan's Prize, taken 9th Jan., committed 3d July, 
11779. — ^Wm. Broughton, John Sewards, Jas. Cotton, remain; Levi 
Pickering, Joseph Mead, Richmond Black, Pojisnioutht exchauged ; 
I Scipio Gray, Bastion, Phillip Poor, Ireland. 

bhip Mart'8 Pri?;e, taken June 10th, 1778, one of the crow commit* 
ted July 3, 1779, — BeiiJ. Stutson, Cofiassetf reniaina. 

Botjai Leitfif(, taken *12th Nov., 1778, committed July 3, 177&, — 
Benj. riimt, Braintree^ remaina, 

Schoo7ier Mariana, taken June 22, 1779, crew committed July 28, 
1779. — Riehard Drummond, Joshna Lawrence, entered ; Seven White, 
Robert Jarvig, Virginia, remaiTi ; Jos, North, Bennuda, remaina ; 
John Biirdo, John Baptist Laramon, France, remain. 

Oliver CrDmwcll'a Prize, taken in June, part of the crew committed 
July 28, 1779.— Wm. Chadwell, Marbkhead, Richard PeiTy, Killeft/t 
Thomas Iremy, Salem, remain. 

Pilgrim's Prize, taken Juno 7, part of the crew committed July 28, 
1779. — Ambrose Stacy, Marblehead, remains. 

Cutter taken, only Captain committed Aug, 23, 1779.— Gustavus 
Cunningham, Philaddphia, ran away, 

Blact Prince, Cutter's Prize, drove on shore July, 1779, one of the 
crew committed Aug., 1779. — Lieut. Arnold, Middiefan^ ran away. 

Ship Jason, taken Sept. 30, 1779, part of the erew committed Dec. 
16, 1779. — Capt. John Manly, exchanged : Wm. Russell, Nathaniel 
Wanier, Samuel J^nncr, remain ; Michael Shepard, of jBo^/an, died ; 
Benjamin Liuenkin, Sakm, Bowers Door, Do^rvIu'.iter^ died. 

Brig 3lonmoulh, taken Oct. 2, committed Dec, 16, 1779.^ — John Sta- 
cey, remains ; Nath'l Dodd, Marblehead. 

Brig Wild Cat, taken July, committed Dec. 16, 1779.— Jacob Hale, 
MidflMon, etitered. 

Brig Rambler, taken Oct. 21, 1779, crew committed Feb. 16, 1780. 
— Abram Quiner, John Green, Edward Ililler^ Edward Hitler, Jr.^ 
Samuel Gale, Henry Johnston, Marbleliead, remain ; Thomas Farlis, 



1865.] Pruaners in Old Mill Prism. 139 

Salem, entered ; Wm. Brown, remain ; Samuel Allen, Manchester, 
died ; Michael Down, Beverly, remains. 

Taken in a French yesael May 10, committed July 17, 1780. — 
Edward Hulin, Salem, remains ; Lambert Mussey, Marblehead, enter- 
ed ; Wm. Read, Virginia, entered : John Washburn, Plymouth, re- 
mains. 

Brig Aurora, Letter Marque, taken June 14, crew committed July 
25, 1780. — Capt. Sam'l Gerrish, ran away; John Bod^e, John Bryer, 
Rich'd Tibbets, Robert Neal, Pori8m4m(h, remain ; Mark Furnell, John 
Chandler, James Hooper, James Brown, Thomas Brown, Benj. Dame, 
remain ; Isaac Ohauncey, George Phips, Kiitery, ran away. 

Ship Minerva, taken June 28, committed Aug. 24, 1780. — Pierce 
Horsewell, Rescomb Sanford, Wwde Island, Josiah Calder, Nantuckeij 
Eben Bragdon, Old York, remain. 

Ship Marlborough, taken June 28, committed Aug. 24, 1780. — Ed- 
mund May, Cape Cod, remains. 

Brig Folly, taken March 13, committed Sept. 10, 1780. — Samuel 
Symonds, Bhode Island, exchanged ; Jona. Ohace, Shubael Clark, 
Nantucket, James Odel, James Manning, Salem, remain; Browing 
Amsbury, Bedford, entered. 

Cutter American Union, taken. Captain committed Sept. 19, 1780. 
— Joseph Mirick, Nankick^, entered. 

Bevenge Cutler, Capt. Cunningham, tiieir prize taken April 8, 1778, 
committed in May. — Wm. Hessman, Philadelphia, Daniel Villet, New- 
bury, Wm. Fowler, Casco Bay, exchanged. 

Brig Thorn, taken July 20, committed Sept. 19, 1780. — Joseph 
Gerrish, Thomas Kelly, William Rand, Portsmou^, Aaron Waite, 
Ipswich, exchanged. 

Brig Maryland, taken Sept. 22, Captain committed Oct. 14, 1780.— 
Solomon Frazier, Maryland, ran away. 

The following prisoners, taken and caarried into PenSbroke, 1778, 
committed to Mill Prison, Oct. 14, 1780. — Thomas Hunt, Nathaniel 
Osgood, entered; Moses Townsend, Joseph Pelt, Salem, remain; 
Joseph Leach, Beverly, entered ; Andrew Godfrey, Taunton, ex- 
changed ; Uriah Oakes, George Humphrey, entered ; Joshua Oakes, 
Cohakset, exchanged ; Elisha Davis, remains ; Gershom Spear, Boston, 
entered; Arch. McNiel, Charleston, S, (7., remains ; John Hull, E. L, 
remains ; Samuel Chandler, Casco Bay, remains. 

Brig JoUy Tar, taken July 13, 1780, part of crew committed in Oct. 
— ^Tobias Weymouth, Berwick, Chatman Homer, Cape Cod, Elisha 
Wildes, Boston, remain ; Richey Miller, Philadelphia. 

Brig Industry, taken July 7, committed 18th Nov., 1780.— William 
Drew, David Spooner, remain ; Thomas Crandod, Dartmouth, entered ; 
George Lummis, Connecticut, Nath'l Miller, Long Idaihd, remain. 

Skip Terrible, taken Sept. 1, committed Dec. 26, 1780.— William^ 
Blackler, John Lewis, John Downs, MerhUhepd, remain. 

Ship Harlequin, taken June 16, crew committed Dec. 24, 1780.— 
Wm. Gould, Benj. Venderford, Nathasiel Woodbury, remain ; Jehn 
Venderford, John Maiory, Ba^am, entered. 

Skip Jack, taken July, committed Dec. 26, 17».— Tim: Newhallt 
Ljpm, remains. 

Brig Lively, taken Sejyt., committed See. Vt, lT8^.^-*John AHen, 
entered; Gassawi^* Fendatt, Stq))M» WMkinSi Joshna^ Wheeler^ 



140 Prisoners in OU Mill Prison. [April, 

James Pratt, Richard Davis, Win. Harris, Aaron Parish, Maryland^ 
remain ; Wm. Addison, Ireland, entered ; Allen Wood, Virginia. 

Hkip Hannibal, taken, Sept., 1780, committed Jan. 18, 1781. — John 
Tishow, John Coventry, remain ; Thomas Martin, MarbUhead, died ; 
Bonj. Ifammon, Danvers, Nath'l Nazro, Boston, Nath'l Collins, Cape 
Ann, Nuth'l Bartlctt, Amesbury, 

Ship Tracy, taken Sept. 14, 1780, part of crew broa^t from New 
York and committed Jan., 1781. — John Fenton, N. Y., entered ; Wm. 
Green, Providence, remains ; James Woodroe, Ireland, entered ; 
Mayen Allen, Bedford, Francis Butler, Conn., Ezekiel Durfee, Pro- 
vidence, remain. 

<lWP Hector, taken Sept. 12, 1780, committed Jan., 1781.— Charles 
L^un, ran away ; John Kemper, John Connor, Philadelphia, entered. 

Ship Washington, taken Oct. 16, from New York, committed Jan., 
1781. — Wm. Murray, Philadelphia, entered. 

<SJcK>/» Comet, takiMi Oct., 1780, part of crew committed Jan., 1781. — 
Paul Riploy. William Pitt, Thomas Ball, John Ashton, Charleston, 8. 
C, Samuol Owens, Fred Molinox, Robert Burridge, Theo. Elsworth, 
remain ; Duuiol Brown, Philadelphia, entered ; Nathan Simonds, B. /., 
John Hrown, jS\ C, nMnain. 

*^AiH»i»ctr Un*yhoHnd, taken Oct., 1780, crew committed Jan., 1781. 
— OajH, %lolui Komp, Maryland, Shuburt Armitage, Philadelphia, re- 
main ; DonniH Butlor, Boston, ran away ; John Gallaway, Bermuda, 
ontonHl 

N^*)» We^ivi»j;it'n on^w taken from N. Y. Oct., 1780, committed Jan., 
1781, -Wm. Whltpain, Thomas Pemberton, remain; George Ford- 
ham. Wm. la^ttenumv ontonnl ; James Fletcher, Philadelphia, died ; 
t^imvMi AUlorton, iV. <^, rtMuains. 

^'A•i» HmtHs's PrUo takon Got. 10, 1780, committed Jan., 1781.— 
Jom»pu Saltt»r. Miu^lvhftul, rtMuains. 

4*M» Sai^hhogii's IVi«o. taktm Oct. 17, 1780, committed Jan., 1781. 

Jonluia Barhoy, John llaokot, Philmlelphia, ran away; Wm. B. 
^^^r^^^ WiwA»»», ran awtiY ; Jolui Gavin. Port^^mouth, remains. 

Ship Ui*H^i\%l Si r<*Mi\ takon Oct, S^, 1780, committed Jan., 1781.— 
V^^\. GiHM'^» Oarviu* /*A«/ti«/W/^AMi. ran away ; Adam Lee, Jersey, en- 
Iw^hI c >VU»r .Vnpinwal. lirginia. rtMuains. 

N\4i^ KiH'AHivt. takon Oct. 10. 1780, committed Jan., 1781, from 
N^^w VvM'k. Oapt, iiidoon ManttoUl, riMuains ; Wm. James, Marble- 

|N>v WiuVv^i^, takon tVt.. I7v^0. oonunitted Jan., 1781.— John Kits, 
If^AtiAiV^M. ran awav, 

*^•V NN«i^H\i»H. takon Nov, ^S. 1780. committed Jan. 22, 1781.— 
Jlam^vi H\vwoi\ John Uwwoi\ Bosion. n»main ; Thomas Cobb, Isaac 
^'>^ . .K^«ao tVwvlK Kliaa Gavft^. Stophon Young, Jeremiah New- 
V^m^. V>iu»«a Kioh. Sawuol t%irtia. Nathaniel AtwvH>d, Eleazer Hig- 
^^ W\*Ka Jv^u^^a. Jv^a^l^h IVirw. remain ; Kaekiol Rich, Cape Cod, 

I^V ^^v>hJh#w*« l\\M>. takvu iK>t. at br\mght from N. Y., and 
svaMM>^%Nsk Ma^vH JIL HSl. Gwr^^ Mitchell, ran away : Roger Had- 

^WA» .*Sv*uw#\ Ukvu M^Y ^. ;^amu«>l Shorkloy, Bedford. 

\%.f ^dij^W^^. Uk\>M iVl> )M. n^O. vHUumitted March 81, 1781. 

VVV ^^itNtfL TyM» MK>tMai^C^> JvMiiah U)^yu«a, Ptovidence, re- 



1866.] PepperreU Manuscripts. 141 

Brig Eector, taken Sept. 12, ITSO, committed March 81, I'TSl.— 
Capt. James Stover, Thomas Justice, Philadelphia, remain. 

Skip Bannibal, taken Sept. 18, 1T80, committed March, ITSl.-r- 
Jabez Waistcoat, Newbury, entered ; Samuel Harris, Boston, entered. 

Sloop Hibemia, taken Oct. 24, ItSO, committed March, 1781.— 
Robert McKnown, remains ; Samuel Smedley, Conn., ran away. 

Letter of Marque Brig Petomne, taken July 12, 1780. — Francis 
Beck, Virginia, remains. 

Schooner Two Sisters, taken March 2, 1781, at St. Eustatia, com- 
mitted April 24. — John Stevens, New Haven, entered ; Benj. Ashby, 
New London, Nathaniel Vamums, Maryland, Anthony Tennibale, 
Virginia, remain. 

Schooner Bobertaon, taken Jan. 20, 1781, at St. Eustatia. — Cromwell 
Folger, Nantucket, Isaac Farrow, Jacob Faarrow, Shadrack Drew, 
Robert Booth, Simeon Howard, David Austin, WiUKun Kennedy, No:» 
Carolina, 

Sloop Gascon, taken March 12, 1781, at St. Eustatia, committed^ 
May 4. — Benjamin Starkine, L. Island, Sol. Evens, Virginia, remcda. 

Schooner John, taken March 10, at St. Eustatia, committed May 4y 
1781. — Wm. Fulz, Andrew Fullerton, No, Oarolma, remain. 

Sh^ Cfeneral Nash, taken at St. Eustatia, March 10, committed 
May 4, 1781. — Richard Slater, remains ; Isaao Cumdnghcun, N, Omro^ 
Una, entered ; Wm. Mule, Baltimore, remain. 

Ship Tom Lee, taken March 23, committed May 5, 17^1.— Josiah 
Marshall, Baltimore, Thomas Campbell, Virginia, entered; Michael 
McLemer, ran away ; William Dorsey, died June 26 ; Samuel BreweTi 
Maryland, remains. 

[TgbeoonUooed.] 



PBPPKRBELL MANUSCRIPTS. 

[The originals in possession of J. Wisqat^ Thqbntoit^ AJd,] 

Bill op LApnuo.— 1704--(k 

Shipped, by the Grace of God, in good Order and well-conditioned| 
by Sam" Legg, in and upon the good Briganteen called the William 
and Andrew, whereof is Master, under God, for this present voyage, 
Cap*. William Pepperell,* and now riding at anchor in the Harbour 
of Boston, and by God's Grace bound for Rotterdam, to say, one 
Caake of Skinns and furs being on y* Joynt acco* and risq* of L^vinus 
Vanschaick, James Meers, and Samuel Legg, being marked and num- 
bered as in the Margent, and are ta be delivered in the like good 
Order and well-conditioned, at the aforesaid Port of Rotterdam ^tho 
danger of the Seas only excepted) unto y* said M'. Levinus Vanschaick, 
merch* or to his Assigns, he or they paying Freight for the said Good^ 

* Father of the Baronet The vessel was oimed by Col. PepperreU, it appears, and was 
named after himself and his two sons, of whom Andrew was the first bom. He crossed the 
Atlantic twice as Captain of the " William and Andrew/' before Capt Pmy commanded hefi^ 
M we lean from a modem memorandum on the label.— Bdztob. 



H8 



Fepperrell ManuicripU. 



[April, 



three pounds money and other Charges in England, with Primage and 
Avarage accustomed. In witness whereof, the Master or Purser of 
the said Briganteen hath affirmed to three Bills of Lading, all of this 
Tenon r and Date, the one of which three Bills being accompUshed, 
the other two to stand void. And so God send the good Briganteen 
to her desired Port in safety, Amen, Dated in Bostoo^ Feb' 28***, 
1T04-5. 
Ye cask Reaeued of qnaletey on known p' mee. 

Wm, Pepperrell 



Lkttkr from S. Waldo to Col. Pepperrkll (no date). 

I left Mr*, Pepperrell, your daugbt"* and two sons well, at Boston, 
on Monday noon. I have not the pleasure to be tbe Bearer of any 
other Commands than that of letting you know they gott to Town on 
Fryday night, the Ladys pretty ranch fatigned, tho' well recovered 
when I left them. 1 have much bnisness to do this Evening at Yorke 
and moat be att Blackpoint to meet some Persons on an appoint- 
ment to-morrow, which, and it being now near seven in the Evening, 
will I hope plead my Excuse for not waiting on You, att yo' house, 
this Evening. I wish you health, and hope on my Return to have the 
happyness of seeing Yon att Boston ; mean while I am, with the great- 
est Esteem, Dr. S', 

Wednesday Evn«. Yo' most obt. Ser*, 

Portsmouth, S. Waldo. 




Col*** Pepperrell. 



Protest in behalf of Capt. Saeuel Pray. — 1706. 



By this Publick Instrument of Protest, Be it knowne and manifest 
vnto all persons whom it doth shall or may conceriie, That on tbe 
twenty ninth day of A prill anno Dom* 1706, before me, John Yalentine 
Notary and Tabellion Publick for lier Maj'* Province of the Massachu- 
setts Bay, in New England, by authority admitted and sworne, p'son- 
ally came and appeared Samuel Prey. Mariner, Mastor of the ship 
William and Andrew, burthen about sixty Tuns, navigated with eleven 
men, and five Guns mounted, who manifested and declared. That on 
the Twenty*fourth day of February last^ past, he say led in and with 
the said vessell from Plymouth, in the Kingdome of England, loadcn 
with English and Dutch Goods, bound for Boston, in new England, 
and that in the prosecution of his said Voyage, on the ninth and 
eleventh of Aprill Ins'., he raett with violent stormee and ver^' had 
weather and ship'd Great Seas, which broke in the Gabhin Windows, 
when they shipped abundance of water w*^'' ran betwixt decks » they 
bayl'd it ont with Buckctts at the Stearidgo door, and on the eleventh 
day following they ehip'd another great sea, which broke the helm 
britch, and were againe forced to Bayl the water, by all which the 
appea'* hath great reason to snspect that the goods have received 
damage in the hould, but the Certainty, or how much, the Appear* 
Cannot yet determine. Wherefore at his request, and on the behalfo 

• Ho hJid 8lx cUagbterfr— Matjt, Mftrgeiy, Jo$iam, Mtriam, DoroUiy, tual Jaoc FttrsguJi** 
Ia/b of Pepperretl, pp. 16, I7.r— El>. 



I 



2 



1865.] Pepperrdl ManuBcripU. 14S 

of his men, I, the s* Notary, Did and Do hereby solemnly protest 
against the violence of the s^ Stormes and seas as the only occasion 
of any damage that hath happened to the Cargoe ; and the Appea*^ 
declared, that he arrived in the harbour of Boston last Saturday even- 
ing. 

Thus done, published, and protested at Boston, afors*, the 29*** 
ApriU abov s*, in p'sence of the witnesses subscribed, who belong 
to the said vessell. Sam'll Pray. 

Sam" Hoddy, Mate, Re attestor maunque 

James Grendall. Sigillo rogatus 

Jno. Valentine, NotV Pub. 

AccouHT OP Goods from Prowse to the Pbpperrells. — 1T16. 
Laus Deo in Exon the 20 Feb. 1716. 

Invoice of the prime cost and Charges of one Case Seven Quarter 
frames Lacker*, shipt on board the Prosperous, for new England, Cap" 
Hen. Safford, for the proper account and Risque of Mess". William 
Pepperrell's Merch^ in Pascataqua, [to the amount of £144 and up- 
wards.] Labelled — " Invoyce of Goods from M'. Roger Prows." 

Letter from Jonathan Belcher to Col. Wm. Pepperrell. — 1719. 

Boston, May 2bOi, 1719. 
Col. William Pepperrell k Son, 

S",— The 21* Curr« I rec'd yours of 14*** p' Mr. Beal. Herewith 
you have a note of the partictJars p' Bill — the Duck don't Sute you, I 
am Sure, There's none in [town] that will, for it was pickt out of a 
great Quantity I had, just come from Lond°, and its smart, good Cloth. 
Cap*. Wibird writes me, he will Comply with my Note of 200£ to 
you. I shall want 600 Q*^ of your best Winter and Spring fish, and 
it will be a great favour and service to me if you can secure it. If 
not the whole, then, all you possibly can. 1 shall send you a Vessel 
to take it if you so order, p' the return of the post. 1 thank your care 
that it shall be well Cui^. 1 cannot send you pork, if Money will 
not purchase it. It's now Scarcer than gold or silver, and I believe 
many fishing vessels must be laid by this sumer for want of it. How- 
ever, I have had 3 Barrels from Connecticut, which I shall send p' 
Smallage, with the bread and Ozenbrigs, when he Calls. Tou must 
not spare a pound of pork to any but your own fishery. There's not 
a bushel of Lnd*" Corn to be bought at any Rate. 

I am, [Jonathan Belcher.] 

Letter prom Col. Pepperrell to Thomas Salter. — 1730. 

KlUery, Auffuat lOth, 1T30. 
M'. Tho» Salter, 

S', — ^Yo' favours of y* 8**^ June and 3* of August last, is now before 
me, w^ should have answered before this time had I not ben from 
horn. I have dispos* of M'. Halls goods, except a parcel of com w*** 
now goes of Dull, but to make up y* Acco* I have civen Credit for y* 
whole, and y* Neate proceeds coms too, if no Mistake, £292.10 — 
great parte of it is out standing Debts but hope in good hands, and 
since it maybe off service to my friend Hall, shall pay y* money 



144 Pepperrell Mantiscripts. [April, 

directly. My orders from M'. NathVHalLwa& to pay it to M'. Maligo 
Salter, who liveth nere y' quakers Meeting house, but keepeth his 
shop at y* Long wharfe. It's possible he might meane Malachy, or 
you. I don't desire to keep any mans money, and if you can dis- 
charge me, if you can get two or receipts sign* of one Teh' and date, 
and send by any person, upon y* delivery of them, I shall pay y* 
money down or give orders for it at Boston — am affraid to come to 
Boston, for feare of y* small pocks. I desire nothing but to be se- 
cure. I have no knowledg of you as can remember. I am, 

Yo' Humb^ ServS 

Wm. Pepperrell. 

Mr. Roger Prowse's Invoice and Letters. — 1732. 
Laus Deo In Exon the 13*^ March 1731-2. 

Invoice of the prime cost and charges of one large Chest and one 
pack containing sundry merchandizes, shipt on the New Friendship, 
for Boston, in New England, Cap*" John Tallamy, and goes consi^ed 
to Messrs. William Pepperrell, Merchant, in PascaUiqua, in New 
England. £48.19.6. 

P Roger Prowse. 

Exon the 9*^ March, 1731. 
Messrs. William Pepperrell, 

S",— I have yours both of y« 29*** Sept' and 16*** October, with two 
bills on two persons of Poole, for £43.15. lOd. ster., which moneys 
I have rec'd, and for which you have Credit. I shall send you, p' 
Cap*" Talamy, who will saile some time this month, all y* Goods you 
have order* for, and by whom shall write you more at Large. Wisb- 
ing you health and prosperity, I am with best respects. R. P. 

S", — Above, you have coppy oT my last to you of y* 9*** Vltimo., to 
w*** refferr you. You have now here incloss'd Invoice and bill of 
Loading for the sundry goods you were pleas* to order me to buy, 
amounting unto £48.19.6*, for which Credit me, and I hope will come 
safe to your hands, being on board the New Friendship, Cap*" John 
Talamy, who will sail the first fair Wind for Boston. 

You have also here encloss*, your account Currant, the ballance of 
which make due to me, £3.13.6^*, which hope you will find right, if 
BO, note it accordingly. 

I wish had any Incouragement of sending you a ship to Load Pish, 
but I find it will not answer at present. I don't remember so many 
ships have gone to New Found land, for a season, as have gone this 
Year, so that the Marketts will be glutted, and those that sell in 
[the] Land will mak« the best voyage. 

In what I can serve you or any other Friend in here freely Com- 
mand him, that is with best respects, 

S", Yoa' Most hrxm^ seru**. 

EKoa the 8* April, 1782. Roger Prowse. 

[Pour bills of mourning goods sient'to William Pbpperrell, Esq., of 
Kittery, on the death of his father, Col. Pepperrell, who deceased 
Feb. 15, 1733-4, in his 87th year. His widow survived him until 
A>ril 24; 1741. Onel>iU was &om Cap:!" John Rkdge of Portsmouth, 



1865.] Pq^perrell Manuscripts. 145 

dated Feb. 20, l'73a-4. Amt. £28.18.6., delivered M'. Charles Frost. 
Another, from John Rindge, Feb. 21, 1138. Amt. £24.19.8, delivered 
M'. Timothy Gerrish. One bill was from William Williams,* of Boston, 
Feb. 20, 1733-4. Amt. £287.1.4. Deduct for boards sold, and for 
Mr. Henry Caswell. Balance, £193.1.7. Among the items are, 4 
p' Shoe and Knee Buckles, £1 ; 1 p' ditto, for M'. Andrew Pepperrell, 
3* ; 1 pair Knee Straps, 6' ; 10 Doz. Gloves, £32.10 ; 1 pair Shoes 
and pattoons, £1.9.6.; 72 pair of Gloves Dispersed here by your own 
order, £19.17. ; 1 p' Shamey [chamois] Shoes 30s. The fourth bill 
was from Richard Wibird of Boston, Feb. 26, 1733-4, for 4 Doz. of 
mens w* Top' gloves, £14.8.; 2 Doz. of womans ditto, £7.4.] 

Letter from Sir Wm. Pepperrell to Silas Hooper op England. — 1737. 

Piscataqua in N. England, Dec. 6th, 1737. 
Mr. Silas Hooper, 

S' Yo' favour of y* 23* Sept' last I receiv*, with y* Goods you shipt 
by Cap*. White ; am Greatly Obliged to you for all favours, y* 
ossenbrigs and buntines deare — am glad you have received y* cash 
for all the bills sent you, and thank yo' care of them. 

I Desire that it may not be forgot that my ship Eagle did not pro- 
ceed for England Last year from Antigua, that the Insurance on her 
may be aba^, for she came back here. 

Mess". Parminter & Barrow hath promised to ship from Bilbas a 
parcel of Iron, to you, on my Acco*, to be forward*^ to me, w^ I Desire 
you to send by y* first vesel bound for this port or Boston. 

William Ball, master of a ship of mine, went from home to New- 
foundland and from thence to Dartmouth — his orders was, that what 
he made of his cargo or freight more then he had Occation of to re- 
mit it to you — hope there will be something considerable on my Acco*. 

My ship Eagle, John Moore mast', will be ready to saile in a ftie 
days for Antigua, and from thence hope she will get a fall freight and 
come to you — but if she cannot get a freight there and has a prospect 
to Leward of geting one, I have directed the mast' to go, but hope she 
will make it do at Antigua. I have some Encouragement from thence, 
but if she cannot get a freight for no parte of Great Brittaine, then 
she is to go to St. Martins or anguila, and Lode Salt and come here. 
I Desire you to insure six hundred pounds ster^ on her, on my Acco', 
the aforementioned Voyage. I desire you would send me my Acco* 
Curr* Every year. 

Inclosed you have a bill drawn by Wm. Smith on Tho" Smith, for 
£20 Ster^., another by Edw** Luce, for £134.16 ster*., w^^ I desire you 
to receive and Credit my A ceo* w**". 

I have heard that M'. Gulston, who supplies His Majes*^ with masts 
for y* Navy, hath a mind to remove y* business from M'. Sam^ Waldo, 
if so, J shall for Ever Acknowledge it amongst y" sever* other favours 
receiv'd from you if you would mention me to him, and as I live in 

• The wife of WiUiam Williams, son of Rev. William, was a grand-danghtcr of the elder 
Wm. Pepperrell. Her mother's maiden name was Miriam Pepperrell. She married Andrew 
Tyler. See Parsons's Life of Pepperrell, pp. 31, 32. 

" M^jor Stoddard remarks of Col. Williams, * that he married his first wife, Miss Miriam 
Tyler, for good sense, and got it, his second wife. Miss Wells, for love and beanty, and 
had it. and his third wife, Annt Hannah Dickinson, for good qualities, and got horribly 
cheated.'" Ibid. Ed. 

Vol. XIX. 13 



148 



PtgperreU MattUKript$. 



[April, 



y* Country, where y* masta are procured, and they build y* beat Large 
ship a hero, I believe I could do his buBiness to his Sattiafactiuu. 
What 1 have now writ to you has not ben mentiouM to any person, 
neither sUaU I untill I heare from you. 

I Desire you will buy and send me by y* first good Oportunity, for 
this port or Boston, twenty peaces oaseobrigs ; eight doan. of half© 
bower glases ; foare doa" of halfe minit glasses ; three peaces of bed- 
tick of about fiveteen pence p^yard ; — ten peaces of Lubeek Duck ; six 
doBseo of such castor hats you aeot Last ; — a small cask of 2'^ naila 
for leathering pumps ; one Ditto S** nails, one Ditto 4**, one Ditto 6"*, one 
do. S^j one do. 10^ one ditto 20^, one ditto 30^, one ditto 40'\ and on© 
thousand satle nedck \ two Doz° of handsaws that staods about 3s* p*^ 
pS halfe a grose of files for y* same ; a doa" of Large mill fils, a dos* 
of horse corry combs, halfe a Tun of Lead iu bars, foure Cw*. of goose 
shot, foure Cw*. of Duck shot, and two Cw*. of pigeon shot; a doe*" 
of Large stock locks, one dos'' of cheep box Locks for cabin doors, 
six dos" of Cheep Closet Locks, six dos" of such Chist Locke you sent 
Last, a groae of pad Locks ; about a Cw*. of put^ dishes, a grose of 
put' plates, fifty w* of put' basons ; two grose of meu*s Clasp knives, 
a grose of Cheep Clasp pen knives, twenty case of Cheep case knifes 
and forks ] ^ve pounds in Silk hand^ chifis ; two pounds of Light ColH 
sowing silk and foure pounds of Cloth Coll** do. ; thirty baggs of mobare 
botteos of all sorts of Coll" and mohare Answerable ; ten dos"* p' of 
mens shooe bockels ; a grose of siears ; a p* of red and a p' of blue 
persioii ; six grose of gartering ; two grose of silk feriting of all 
Ooll" ; twelue p' of Quality binding ; twelue pounds of ColF thread, 
forty shillings ster*. in fine thread fit for garlict and hoH^ ; forty shill* 
in pinns of different Siaea ; foure peaces of Cheep Camebrick of about 
3'. 6"^. p"^ y* ste^^ ; six dos" of Sytha ; 12 grose of coat and 12 grose of 
brest Cheep mettal bottens ; a dos** of hansome Chairs of y' New 
fashion for a Chamber and a hansome looking glase for y* same, and 
Curtains, &c,, for a bed fur y* same, and Case of draws. Send me 
brass and Locks and hengos for six Scritors and Ditto for y' same for 
Case of Draws ; six dos" p' of buts for benges of tables ; ten thous* 
of gun flints, six halfe bb" of Choice pistol powder; one dos*' of 
thumb latches, twelue dos" side hinges of sever' sises, non very large ; 
a dos" of Choice Chist locks that cannot be pickt ; a peace of floward 
Calliminco suteable to make my Mother a wint^ Gound and another 
peace suteable to make my wife a Gound ; six dos^'of hamcrs, dont let 
any of them be Large, y'" y* stands about 5'. or 6'. 6*^. p' dos"* ; a Cw*. 
of frying pans ; two dos" of Iron Compasses ; one dosen of Iron bolts 
for windows of a wharehouse ; foure dos" p^ of Snipe bills to hang 
small Chists ; two dos** of small Iron Ladels ; send two marble Stons 
to make two haths, one of six feet Long and fiveteen Inches wide, y* 
other five feet and seven Inches Long and fiveteen Inches wide ; three 
dos" ch*?ep raisers and a case of good raisers for my own use ; Send 
4 Cw*. of white lead, 2 Cw*. of red lead, 4 Cw*. of Sp* brown, 2 Cw», 
of Spruce Yellow, 4 Cw*. of whiting, a q' Cw*. of callsinc Smalt, two 
pounds of Vermillion, a q' Cw*. of Verdegreea, foure pounds of pur- 
shon blue, halfe grose of brushes, two Dos" of panseals, two dos" of 
TuUs* of three Sorts. 



I 



I 
I 

I 



I 



• Tulle. A kind of iilk open work or lacc^— Bl»» 



. 1865.] Pq^perrdl Manuscripts. 147 

I have ben tyersome to yon in y* foregoing Memorand", bnt there 
is not a man in England that I shoald have pretend^ to make so bold 
with as yo' selfe, but I know you take a pleasure to serve yo' Friends, 
and therefore I must ask another favour of you, to procuer for me and 
send a handsome Marble tomb Stone, to put over my dece** Father's 
Tombe, with proper marble pillers or Supporters to Set it on. I would 
have his Coat of arms .Cutt on it, w^ is three pine apples proper, but 
you will find it in y* Heralds office, it being an Ancient Arms, and I 
would have y* following Inscription Engraven on y* Stone. (Here 
Lyes y* body of the Honorable William Pepperrell, Esq'., who depart- 
ed this life y* 15*^ day of February, anno Domini 1733, in y* ST^'year 
of his age, with y* remains of Great part of his family. ) * I should 
be glad altho' I tarry'd some time y* Longer, if all these things could 
be sent directiy to this Port ; but if no opertunity for this port, then 
send them to Boston und' y* care of Wm. Tylerf Esq', and Inclose 
my letters to him, that goes by y* way of Boston. When Cap*. More 
arrives in my ship Eagle at London, and is UnLoded, I Desire y** to 
Look out for a market for y* ship and sell her. She is neare 180 Tuns, 
and a well built Strong Vesel, well Iron'd, with Spanish Iron, all that 
is Used in building her, but in as much as I have more Yesels a build- 
ing,^! would have yon to sell her if she wont featch her full Value, 
without you can meet with a good freight for Boston or Lisbon, or 
any other place that you think will answer better than selling her ; 
this I Leave intirely with you. She is about thirteen months old. If 
you keep her for saile, then I pray you would procuer a passage for 
y* Master and men and hasten them here. I chuse she should be sold 
if she will not fetch her fbll Value. I am w**" Due respects S' 
Yo'very humble serv*, Wm. Pepperrell. 

The hight of y* Chamber, where y* bed is to be put, between y* 
flore and y* plasturing, is 8 feet and 4 Inches. Pray send me. Like- 
wise, a grose of horn combs and a grose of Ivory small teeth combs, 
and a handsome Rockolet for my daught% of about 15 years old, or 
what is y* most Newest Fashion for one of her age to ware at meeting 
in y* wint' Season, and a gold Lase for a hate and botten for my Selfe, 
and a Lase for y* knees of a p' of briches. Inclosed you have two 
measures for womens shoes. Pray send One p' of silk womens 
flhovse for Each measure, and Clogs. 

You have here inclosed, a draught of a chamber, I desire you to 
geet mock tapestory or pant* canvis lay** in oyle for hangings for 
y* same, and send me. Send Likewise, six p* of Cheep Chinie or cal- 
Uco, foure peaces of hat mourning, two peaces of Cyprus or hood 
mourning ; 6 dos" p' mens black gloves and 6 dos" p' womens ditto. 
My wife would Chuse that y* Curtains for y* bed sent for in this fore- 
goeing Letter Should be of a Crimson Couler, if Fashionable. 

• This moQiiment, now renudning at Klttery Pdnt, was probably erected In 1738. Dr. 
PazMiis (In his Life of Sir WilUam, page 30) says, " erected abont the year 1736," but 
the original letter before us, written In the winter of 1737, brings ns nearer to the tme da|a. 
We take the present occasion to recommend, highly, this Taloable memofar by Dr. Parsons, 
which has passed through three editions. A drawing of the Pepperrell Coat of .Arms may 
be seem fai a foot note to the second page of that work. The cost of the marble structore, 
Imported from London, Is given in a note to the thhtieth page. — Editor. 

t William Tyler married Jane, youngest daughter of the elder Col. Pepperrell. He was 
brother to Andrew TVler, who married her sister Miriam. The first husband of Jane, wna 
Be^amin Clark, of Kingston, N.H. Lifi of Pepperrdlf ^. Y! , 



148 Ezekiel Hopkins. — Rhymes. l^P^h 

The Teirce of wine glascs you shipt [me] last march, I have now 
open** y* Teirce, and you call them on y** Invyoce double flent. I am 
unacquaint^ with such things, but they tell me altho' y* prise answers 
y* name, Yet there is not one doble flint glase amongst y™ ; so he 
that put them up for you cannot be an honest man. 

[To be contiuacd.] 



LETTER FROM EZEKIEL HOPKINS TO JOSEPH OLNEY. 
Sir, Providence, Feb. 9th, 1777. 

You are hereby directed to proceed on a Cniise with the Brig 
Cabot which you have the Command off, and when out, endeavour to 
Cruise for Store Ships bound to the Army of the Enemy. If you 
should take any empty Vessels that you think are not worth sending 
into port you will take out their Men, and dcvstroy them. 

The Carolinas or Virginia I advise as the safest Ports to send 
Prfzes in to while the Winter lasts. You will give your Prize Masters 
Orders to keep the Men they may have wnth them, and when your 
Vessel is weakened for want of Men you may put into such Port as 
you send the Chiefest of your Prizes to, and take your Men on board 
and Cruize as before, applying to the Continental Age6t to take Care 
of your Prizes, and likewise for Money or Stores to enable you to 
keep on your Cruize. 

You will give the Hon**** Marino Board or me information of your 
Circumstances by all Opportunity s. I am. Sir, 

Your Uumb' Scrv*, 

Joseph Olney, Esq., Ezek. Hopkins, C in Chief. 

Commander of the 
Brigantine Cabot. 



Rhymes.— Page 259, of July N°. for 1864, says of Hon. Peter Gil- 
man, that he married for second wife a Mrs. Taylor whose first hus- 
band was a Capt. Rhymes. 

My manuscripts say ; 

*' Christopher* Rhymes died 3"* April, 1741, and had wife Dorothy 
who was wife of Rev. John Taylor, of Milton, Mass., 22"** Sept., 1748. 
He left property to his wife with child, to son Christopher,* Jr., to 
daughter Ann,* to mother Mary' Clifton, to his wife's brother Richard 
, to brother Samuel* Rhymes, brother SamuePs children Christo- 
pher* and Dorothy.* • 

This Captain Christopher* Rhymes was son of Samuel Rhymes of 
Portsmouth, N. H., who married Mary,' daughter of Samuel' Went- 
worth, of Portsmouth. This Samuel Rhymes was a mariner, and was 
dead as early as 1712, and had Samuel, AVilliam and Christopher. 
His widow had married Dr. John Clifton in 1717, and was his widow 
in 1731. She died about 1743, without children by Clifton. 

J. W, 



i 



1815.] ilmmr of Gideon F. Thayer. 149 



1 865.] JUImimV of GiJUon F. Thayer. 149 



MEMOIR OP GIDEON P. THAYER. 

[CommanJcated by Thomai Cfshino, A.M.] 

Gideon Pbench Thater was born in Watertown, Mass., Sept. 21, 
1793. He was descended from English ancestors who emigrated to 
Massachusetts about the year 1630, and settled in the neighbor- 
hood of Braintree, where the name is still common. 

His paternal grandfather was Jedediah Thayer, a Captain in the 
Engineer Corps under Kosciusko in the Revolutionary War. His 
maternal grandfather was Col. Wm. Bond, of Watertown, of the 25th 
Regiment of Infantry. He served at Bunker Hill in the position of 
Lieut. Colonel, and his Colonel being killed he was promoted to the 
Colonelcy. [Vide Bond's WcUertown Memorial,] 

Zipheon Thayer, son of Jedediah, the father of the subject of this 
Memoir, a house carpenter by trade, and his wife, Susan Bond, both 
died young, in Brookline, leaving a large family of young children 
dependent upon their relatives. Gideon was adopted and brought up 
by Gideon French, whose name he bore — an honest, thriving and 
patriotic tallow chandler, of Boston, one of the youngest of the party 
who destroyed the tea in Boston harbor. The orphan's boyhood was 
passed in Brookline and Boston, and his school education was received 
in the Grammar Schools of those towns. To these and his own per- 
severing efforts in self-culture and improvement he owed all that he 
attained in the way of intellectual advancement. At the age of four- 
teen he was placed in a retail shoe store, where, in the capacities of 
apprentice, salesman and clerk, he continued for six years. In 1814 
he commenced his career as a teacher. His beautiful penmanship, 
known as the Boston style of writing, of which, with one or two 
exceptions, he was the last teacher in Boston, enabled him to apply 
successfully for the situation of usher in the South Writing School of 
Boston, then under the charge of Mr. Rufus Webb. His labors in 
this position were very successful, and it was soon found that he was 
the right man in the right place ; but in 1818 he was obliged to re- 
sign his position on account of a severe hemorrhage at the lungs, 
which was considered likely to prove fatal by the first medical 
talent of the day. He was sent to New Orleans with the hope of 
slightly prolonging his life ; but he improved beyond the expectation 
of his friends, and was able to make the journey from New Orleans 
to Baltimore on horseback, with much benefit to his health. His 
lungs never gave further trouble, and during his long subsequent 
career of teaching, and as a public speaker, were of unusual power. 
Soon after his return, however, he was attacked with a white swelling 
on the knee, from the effects of which he always suffered, and which 
suspended his teaching for another year. 

In 1820 he commenced a private school on a very limited scale, 

having at the opening but a single scholar. His characteristic energy 

and devotion soon brought him a large increase of pupils, and for 

several years he had a flourishing school in what was known as Har- 

VoL XIX 13* 



150 Memoir of Gideon F. Thayef. [Aprils 

vard Hall, in a court in the rear of School and Washington Streets, and 
his reputation as a teacher was such that he was able to command the 
means of purchasing on credit the eligible site in Chauncy Place, now 
Chauncy Street, and of erecting the building known as Chauncy Hall, 
which was opened as a school in 1828. The plan of the building was 
on a liberal scale of accommodation for all educational purposes, and 
much more extensive than had ever been occupied for a private school 
in this city or in this part of the country ; while the furniture and 
apparatus far surpassed that of the public institutions of the day. 
The principle of the division of labor in instruction was carried to a 
much greater extent than had been possible in private schools as usu- 
ally conducted. The various branches of education, pursued in pre- 
paration either for commercial or collegiate life, were distributed 
among a corps of teachers occupying different rooms ; the principal 
reserving to his own more immediate care the departments of elocu- 
tion, orthography and penmanship, together with the moral instruc- 
tion of the pupils, and the care of their habits and manners. 

The school was, from the first, a success ; all its seats were soon 
filled, and it never had that mortifying falling off and decay which has 
attended so many of the educational projects that have had an appa- 
rently brilliant commencement. It fully realized the utmost expecta- 
tions of its founder, who labored in it most faithfully and assiduously, 
either as sole principal or in conjunction with its present proprietor, 
till 1855, when yielding to the supposed requirements of failing health, 
he withdrew from the school to accept the presidency of the rrescott 
Insurance Office, whose stockholders consisted almost entirely of his 
former pupils and school friends — a position which seemed to him to 
promise that freedom from confinement and opportunity for exercise, 
which seemed essential to his physical well-being. 

The Office, under Mr. Thayer's careful and indefatigable superin- 
tendence, was established on a wide and secure basis, and soon be- 
came a decided success. But with increasing anxiety and respon- 
sibility of a kind to which he had been unaccustomed, came a return 
of those physical troubles and threatening symptoms that made it 
necessary, in his opinion and that of his friends, for him to resign bis 
position, if he would retain his mind unimpaired and avoid the dangers 
of threatening apoplexy. The remainder of his life was passed in 
comparative leisure and retirement, at Keene, N. H., where his mar- 
ried daughter resided. He missed, however, the stimulus of the ac- 
tivity and industry that were the very life of his being, and gradually 
declined in strength till his death, which occurred on the 27th March 
of the last year. 

Mr. Thayer's success in life and in his chosen calling was due to a 
strong and well-founded self-confidence, and to an indomitable energy 
and ceaseless activity, which would leave no stone unturned and 
never weary of effort to bring about any object which he considered 
worth accomplishing. He acted upon the idea that a man might 
accomplish anything he chose to undertake ; which, however errone- 
ous, perhaps, £is a general principle, he made almost literally true in 
his own case. Labor was the element in which he delighted, and he 
by no means confined his exertions to his school and his professional 
efforts as a teacher. He wished to touch the world at as many points 
as possible, and make himself felt in all the efforts and enterprises 



1865.] Mrnmr of GiAem F. Tfutyer, 151 

which were nndertaken for personal improvement, the benefit of hia 
immediate circle, or of the world at large. 

While yet a youth, he was a member of a literary association called 
the Belles-Lettres Club ; and was afterwards, from 1826 to 1836, a 
member of the Boston Debating Society. He early enlisted in the 
Sunday School enterprise, was a teacher in Dr. Ghanning's School, 
afterwards a Superintendent of that of Dr. Pierce's church at Brook- 
Une, and again in Dr. Lunt's at Quincy. He was for several years an 
agent of the Boston Sunday School Society, and in that capacity de- 
voted his Sundays to making addresses in schools in all parts of New 
England that could be reached without interfering with his week-day 
labors ; and after leaving the office, continued to perform much of the 
same labor from choice. 

While residing in Quincy, Mr. Thayer lectured and labored suc- 
cessfully for the establishment of a high school there ; was actual 
editor of a weekly paper, the Quincy Patriot, devoted to literature 
and general improvement ; was President of the Lyceum, and here 
as elsewhere an active member of the business committee of his parish. 
He was one of the most active and zealous founders of the American 
Institute of Instruction, formed about the year 1831, the first and 
most important of the associations for the improvement of educa- 
tion, and to which we owe most of the important steps that have 
been taken during the last thirty years ; filled the offices of Secretary 
and President of that body, and was always on those working com- 
mittees to which so much of its success was owing. He was also 
actively engaged in the formation and support of the American Asso- 
ciation for the Advancement of Education, the Massachusetts Teach- 
ers' Association, and similar bodies. He always attended the meet- 
ings of these bodies, often lectured before them, was prominent in 
debate and indefatigable in labor in their behalf. He was one of the 
editors of the Massachusetts Teacher for 1848. He was also promi- 
nent in many of our most beneficent charities ; was a very active mem- 
ber and for many years chairman of the Managers of the Boston Dispen- 
sary ; was six years a member of the Common Council of Boston, 
and while such, was a member of the Committee on Public Instruc- 
tion, a visitor of the Boston Lunatic Hospital, one of the originators 
of the Boston Public Library and of the movement for the introduc- 
tion of the Cochituate Water. 

In all these various positions, he was soon found out to be the man 
for the hard and sometimes disagreeable work that has to be done 
behind the scenes, and of which the public knows nothing, and 
always seemed to feel a personal responsibility in making things 
succeed. 

It might be thought, by some, that so many and so various labors 
could not have been carried on without interfering with the hours and 
the responsibilities of a large private school ; but such was not the 
case. Having been associated with him in some capacity from the 
year 1824, either as pupil,. assistant or partner, I can truly say that 
such was not the case. Every moment, of his school hours was faith- 
fully devoted to the labors of his profession, and many and long addi- 
tional hours were given to labors in connection with his pupils that 
nothing but a most conscientious sense of duty and the hope of plant- 
ing and nurturing the seeds of knowledge in the most barren and on- 



152 Memoir of Giiam F. Tha^; [April, 

pfomifling soile, would hmve indaced him to undertake. By a method 
rigoronslj exact and a military promptitude of habit and action, he 
was enabled to meet the demands of all professional and extra pro- 
fessional duties, as well as mingle freely in general society, which his 
genial nature and buoyant disposition fitted him especially to orna- 
ment and enjoy. An active intermingling in society, and a liberal 
stake in the business of life, he considered an aid, not a hindrance to 
the full success of a teacher and educator of men. 

In consideration of Mr. Thayer^s services to the cause of letters and 
education, the corporation of Brown University in 1854, and of 
Harvard University in 1865, conferred on him the Honorary degree 
of Master of Arts. 

As his vocation as a teacher was his chosen and primary one, and 
the school-room his chief position of activity and influence to which 
everything else was merely subsidiary, a few remarks upon him 
in the capacity of an instructor and educator may not be out of 
place. 

One could not be long within the sphere of his influence as a 
teacher, without being fully convinced that he had fallen into the 
niche for which nature had designed him ; that he was a tnaster in 
every sense of the word. His £gnified person and manners bore the 
seal of authority legibly impressed upon them ; while his exact and 
thorough knowledge of whatever he undertook to teach, was immedi- 
ately apparent in Ms mode of communicating it. It was evident that, 
regarding the trust reposed in him as an important one, he was en- 
deavoring to fill it with conscientiousness, earnestness and efficiency ; 
that he knew no half measures in his share of the work of instruction, 
and would be satisfied with none on the part of his pupils. 

In his ideas of his duty as a teacher, Mr. Thayer was eminently 
conscientious. In taking chaige of another's child he felt, in its fufi 
force, what is made the legal obligation of the public teacher, to con* 
sider himself in loco parentis. Everything was to be done by him 
that could conduce to the improvement of the mind, heart, health, or 
manners of the precious charge. He did not consider his duty done 
by going through any formal routine of lessons or hours, but would 
labor in season and out of season ; ever trying some new expedient 
to reach conscience or intellect, hoping against hope, and dismayed 
by no amount of dulness or unappreciating indifference. 

Personal comfort, and the enjoyment of time that might fairiy be 
considered his own, were never thought of by him, when, by the sacri- 
fice of them, there was a possibility of improving those under his 
charge. Years oftime were devoted by him in extra and self-imposed 
labor which could never have been expected of him. But such labor 
was not unrewarded. Impressions were often produced that could 
hardly have been looked for ; and the animus of the teacher came to 
be understood even by the reckless and negligent. Whatever his 
requisitions or inflictions, his pupils felt that he was conscientiously 
acting for their benefit, and, in maturer years, if not at the time, have 
acknowledged their obligations. Independent of any improvement^ 
a valuable lesson was thus taught them, that was never forgotten. 

BamestnesB was eminently characteristic of Mr. Thayer, as a 
teacher. Regarding his duty as hi^y important, he undertook the 
discharge of it with all his might. Molding nothing unimportant in 



1865.] Memoir of Gideon F. Thayer. 153 

a work that is made up of particulars, a chain of many links, he 
would not allow one of them to pass from his hand unskilfiilly forged 
or carelessly polished and united. He was equally alive to the neces- 
sity of correcting an error or impressing a truth the ten thousandth 
time as the first, and would use the same liveliness of manner and 
clearness of illustration to impress it on the young mind. The writer 
can distinctly remember, after the lapse of nearly forty years, when 
various points of propriety and correctness were indelibly impressed 
upon his mind. Education, under Mr. Thayer's direction, was no 
sleepy process, no mere matter of books, or routine of question and 
answer, but something that called out the whole man, warm, fresh 
and glowing with his subject. Possessed of much native eloquence 
and power of illustration and persuasion, Mr. Thayer used them free- 
ly, and often successfully, to warn, guide, and encourage ; and his 
brief but impressive addresses have planted much good seed in the 
minds and hearts of his hearers. Mean, selfish and unmanly actions 
received a withering condemnation from his lips, and the doers of 
them were glad to hide their abashed heads ; while no one could 
better portray the honest, the just, the magnanimous in conduct, and 
confirm his hearers in the practice of them. 

Mr. Thayer had the qualities that go to make the orator or the 
advocate, and would, no doubt, have succeeded as well at the bar or 
in the pulpit as in the school room. Believing that important ends 
were to be attained, he threw himself into his work with an ardor that 
increased rather than diminished with increasing years and experience 
— ^not the mere sudden and quickly-spent fire of the novice, but the 
steady, undying warmth of the veteran. 

Exactness and thoroughness were original qualities of his mind, 
and were fuUy brought into play in the exercise of his profession. 
Whatever he knew, he wholly knew, and tried to impart in all its 
entireness. In his favorite department of elocution, he had early made 
the orthoepy of the English language his special study, and had fixed 
in his mind the best authorized pronunciation of every word in it ; at 
least, during a long intimacy, the writer never knew him at a loss to 
decide promptly and correctly when appealed to in regard to any doubt- 
ful or disputed point. The characteristics and habits of mind which 
enable one to do this, will be appreciated by those to whom the 
troublesome subject of English pronunciation is ever new, and whose 
minds are never fully settled in regard to it. His mind held, with a 
vice-like tenacity, anything connected with the subject, and repro- 
duced it at shortest notice. As a consequence, his teaching in this 
or any other branch that he undertook was marked by an unusual de- 
gree of promptness and accuracy. If there was a test way, he was 
master of it, and wished his pupils to be also ; and a large portion 
of them imbibed a part of his spirit and realized corresponding 
results. 

Prompt, careful and accurate habits, he considered an essential 
part of education, and the formation and cultivation of them an im- 
portant part of his mission as a teacher ; and though success usually 
crowned his efforts, the battle was constantly to be fought over again 
with each new host of thoughtless and undisciplined children. But 
his zeal never flagged ; his ardor never abated. His short and pithy 
precepts still ring in the ears of thousands, who, among other bene* 
fits, have to thank him for giving them strict business habits. 



154 Memoir o/GidetmF. Thayer. [April, 

In an these respecto Mr. Thayer required nothing of his pupils of 
which he did not set them the most rigid example. He believed in 
no teaching in which he did not lead the way. If pnnctaality was 
required, who was earlier at his poet than he f If regularity in the 
discharge of duty, when did he ever allow the pressure of outside 
business or pleasure to interrupt the expected engagements of the 
day ? If nothing sloTenly, lounging or careless in habits or manners 
was permitted, who more polished in language or eesture, who more 
uniformly urbane or courteous f He came before his pupils as great 
orators go before their hearers, as worthy of his best efforts, and not 
to be insulted with anything slipshod or unfinished. 

Mr. Thayer had great executive ability. He could arrange work for 
the various departments of a large school, and see that it was all per- 
formed, as well as his own share which was always heavy. He could 
carry in his mind all the different processes and arrangements that 
were necessaiy to make the whole machine work harmoniously, and 
hold in his hand all the cords that regulated its powers, wi^out omit- 
ting any of the smallest details of his own teaclung. All his pupils 
in their ever varying characters, with all the elements of good and 
evil that went to make up their dispositions and habits, were ever 
present to his mind, and prompt action in regard to them might cer- 
tainly be expected in the mode most conducive to each one's well 
bring. He undertook and executed an amount of labor that would 
have appalled most men, and devised systems of individual req>on8i- 
biiity, which, though highly efficacious and useful to his pupils, 
brought unceasing care and labor upon himself. Active industey was 
his element ; and toil was lightened by the positive pleaswe that he 
took in the various processes of instruction ; for upon no other prin- 
ciple can I account for his successfully bearing so heavy a load for 
90 long a period, with little or no concession to the claims of phyrical 
weakness or infirmity. 

Mr. Thayer ever evinced a most liberal and generous spirit, in his 
position as a prominent private teacher. He was never willing that 
*' chill penury ^' should close the avenues of learning to any one who 
had a desire to enter them, as fieir as they were under his control. 
Many pupils were received into his school as fi-eely as if it had been 
a public establishment, and no one was allowed to leave it firom liie 
want of ability on the part of his friends to comply with its moderate 
terms. He held that education was twice blessed, and that he could 
not diffuse its advantages too freely. He took great interest in the 
career of his pupils upon leaving school, and spared no amount of 
{personal pains to further their views and obtain ^em good situa- 
tions in business. 

Such active and persistent efforts in teaching, put forth in the same 
field for nearly forty years, were not without their result. He made 
his mark upon a large number of the active business men of Boston 
who were his pupils ; and not of Boston only. They may be found all 
over the globe, where honorable enterprise carries the American mer^ 
chant ; and wherever they meet, their school dajrs and the maxims and 
precepts of their teacher are a bond of union and source of pleasant 
reminiscence among them. 



1865.] Early BecortU of Bristol Cmmty. 165 



KTBACTS PROM THE EARLY PROBATE RECORDS OP BRIS- 
TOL COUNTY, WITH NOTES FROM THE REGISTRY OF 
DEEDS AND TOWN RECORDS. 

[By Gen. Ebbkezbr W. Peibcb, of Freetown.] 

1687. Angust 8th. — Letters cdf Administration were granted to 
Samael Howland, upon the estate of his brother John Howland, de- 
ceased. 

[Samuel, John and Zoeth, were sons of Henry Howlandi of Dux- 
bury, said Henry being one of the 26 original proprietors of Freetown, 
Henry Howland died in 1670, and Mary his wife died June 16, 1674. 
Sioeth had a son Nathaniel, who divided his grand-father's lot (the 
ath in Freetown) with uncle Samuel, Feb. 18, 1687. In this division 
Samuel Howland also received 32 acres of land in Swansea. Nathaniel 
Howland, of Dartmouth, in consideration of 60 pounds, sold Henry 
Brightman, of Portsmouth, B. 1., half a freeman's share in Freetown, 
and half a freeman's share in the meadows at Sippacan, December 8, 
1691, Zoeth was the ancestor of the New Bedford branch of the 
Howland family.] 

1705. March 6th. — Benjamin Chase appointed " guardian unto his 
g^rand-daughter Sarah Makepeace." 

[This was Benjamin Chase, the cooper, who was the earliest of 
the Ghase &mily who settled at Freetown. Sarah Malcepeace mar- 
ried, February 22d, 1111, Isaac Hathaway, of Freetown. The 
▼eiy numerous family of Chase in Plymouth and Bristol counties 
are descended from Benjamin Chase, the cooper.] 

1704. June 8th. — Mr. John Rogers, Lieut. James Leonard, of 
Taunton, Lt. Job Winslow and Lieut. Josiah Winslow, both of Free- 
town, divided the estate of Lieut. Thomas Terry, of Freetown, de- 
ceased. 

"Thomas the N. E. half part of the 17-lot 51 rods and 6 feet in 
breadth. Two acres at Brants neck, called the broad meadow at the 
westerly end to be measured with an 18 foot pole, 6 pole from a rock 
at the head of Shepherds cove. If a bridge and way be made through 
tbia 2 acres then Thomas to be allowed for it in meadow ac^'oining. 

" Widow Anna to have the remainder of said meadow by estima- 
tion 6 acres during her life. One half the upland at Briants neck to 
Thomas, and the oflier half to John and Benjamin Terry. Thomas to 
pay the widow 10 shillings per year. 

*' In the 17-lot Benjamin to have next to Thomas 12 rods 9 feet and 
a balf in breadth, so far as the 100 acres bought of Osbom extends, and 
above that 25 rods in breadth. 

*' The remainder of 17-lot to John Terry." , 

[Lieut. Thomas Terry was one of the first board of selectmen of 
Freetown, elected June 2d, 1685, and he was re-elected in 1686-1689 
and 1690. He was commissioned Lieut., June 4th, 1686 ; Bepresentft- 
tive to the General Court in 1689. ^ 

Thomas, the son, was commissioned % Jnstioe of Fsao^ for the Oomi- 



156 



Early Records o/Briitol Couatif. 



[April, 



iy of Bristol in n20. He was Repreaentative to the OeDeral Court 
in 1725, a Selectiiiaii of Freetown 24 years, AssesBor 17 years, Trea- 
surer 7 years, and Moderator of the annual town meeting 9 years.] 

1715. Feb. 15th. — Samuel IXowland, of Freetown, Yeoman, made 
liiB will and gave " to w^ife Mary, 2 cows, White mare and y* colt, 
one warming*pan, one bason and my chamber pot and ]Ded 1 common- 
ly lie upon and the bedding belonging to it, also one sheet and a box 
and all therein at the time of my decease, 

'* To daughter Mary Rounsevill one cow. To daughter Content 
Sanford more than she has had one pound. To sons Samuel, John, 
Abraham, Joshua and Gershom, more than they have had in other 
things one shiiling each. To grand daughter Mary Morton one shil- 
lings and to each of son Isaac's children one pound in money.*' 

This will was presented and proved in the court of Probate May 
7^ 1716, 

[Besides the above enumerated gifts, Samuel Howland had con- 
veyed to his Hons by deed at* fullow-s. " 1711, April 13th. To son 
Joshua of Taunton, one quarter of the sixth lot, one quarter part in 
width and upon the north side. 1712, Dee. 16th, to son Joshua who 
is now said to be of Freetown, one quarter part in bredth of the sixth 
lot from Taunton river to the great fresh pond. 1712, Dec. IGth, to 
BOns Samuel and Gershom of Freetown a part of the northerly half of 
aixth lot." 

Samuel Howland, the parent, was elected one of the Selectmen of 
Freetown May 12, 169Q, and an Assessor Nov. 24th, 1697, He is un- 
doubtedly the Samuel Howland who resided in Duxbury in 1662, and 
was lined 10 shillings or be whipt for carrying on the Lord*8 day a 
grist from mill ; and he was also charged with ''dwcfiarging a fowl- 
ing peece on the body of WiUiam Eowse/- of Sandwich, while gunning 
at the " high pytie on Sallhotim beach. A verdict was given by the 
jury, not guillij of wiUful murder ^ yell we find (Iiat the mid Howse received 
hi8 deadly tvound by Samuel Hoivland's gitn goeing off, as it lay on his 
&liOulderJ^ Mary, the daughter of Samnel Howland, is supposed to 
have been the wife uf Philip llounsevill and mother of the entire 
Rounsevil! family in this country.] 

1726. June 22d. — James Barnaby, of Freetown, cordwaiuer, made 
a will, and gave hia daughter Lydia Perry 30 pounds. To son Am- 
brose all his real estate. Ambrose, sole executor. 

[James Barnaby died July 5th, 1726, in the 66th year of his age. 
His wife, Joanna Harlow, died Sept. 4th, 1726, aged about 56 years. 
The real estate given Ambrose Barnaby in his father's will was the 
farm purchased of Lieut. Nichols Morey in Feb., 1725, for 1300 pounds, 
and still owned by the Barnaby family.] 

1729. March.— James Cud worth, of Freetown, made a will, and 
gave *' to son David the land bought of Mr. Timothy Lindall where 
David's dwelling house stands and also 5 acres of land on y* west side 
of the road next to Mr. LindalFs lot, and to begin at the road and 
run to the brook which bounds out Lindall-s land into the meadows. 
Give and bequeath all the rest of my lands and buildings in Freetown 
and else where to my two sons David and James. To daughter Ba- 
thiah Jones 26 pounds in bills. To daughter Lydia 40 pounds in 
bills. To daughter Abagail the looms she now useth and all the 
Slays and harness. To daughter Mary 40 pounds. To daughter 



A 




1 865.] Early Records of Bristol County. 1 67 

Zuriah 40 pounds. To daughters all my house hold goods and uten- 
sils in doors. '^ 

[James, the parent, married Betty Hatch, who bore him children as 
follows : David, who married Phcbe Drinkwater ; James, bom Jan. 16, 
1697, m. Sybil Chase, March 19, 1736 ; Abagail, born March 9th, 
1699, m. Benjamin Smith ; Mary, born Nov. 14, 1702, married Benja- 
min Leonard, of Dighton, June 13, 1734; Zeruiah, born April Ist, 
1704, m. Nathaniel Potter, of Dartmouth, March 10, 1726 ; Jessee, 
bom Jan. 11, 1706.] 

1731. July. — The will of Benjamin Chace, the cooper, was proved 
in the Court of Probate. " To sons Benjamin and Walter all my 
lands in Freetown purchase. To grand son Benjamin Grinnell one 40 
acre lot of land in No. 23, and also the 7^ share in 3"* lot, it being a cedar 
swamp lot in Middleboro'. To daughter Barthiah Dunham one half 
of the 14*** lot near Baiting Brook in Middleboro* and one cow. To 
son Benjamin the fifth share of the aforesaid third lot in Middlcborough 
purchase. To sons Benjamin and Walter all the rest of my lands in 
Middlcborough. To daughter Philip Hathaway, and son in law Jacob 
Hathaway, all my land from and adjoining the land that my son Jacob 
Hathaway bought of my son Benjamin Chase and shall be a quarter 
Share in breadth and extending in leangth down to the river, always 
excepting 3 rods square which is to be reserved for a burying place 
and is to be in the south west corner. Also to daughter Philip 20 
pounds, and all my moveable fumature that lliave removed to my son 
Jacob Hathaway's house. To grand daughter Sarah the wife of Isaac 
Hathaway one cow. To grand child Daniel Orinell 6 shillings. Son 
Walter, sole executor.'' 

[The grand children Grinell were the children of Benjamin Chase's 
daughter Mary. Sarah, the wife of Isaac Hathaway, was the daugh* 
ter of his daughter Sarah, the wife of Thomas Makepeace. Benjamin 
Chase, the parent, was a Selectman of Freetown in 1698-99 and 1708 ; 
Assessor in 1691.] 

1757. May 6th. — George Winslow made a will and gave " ta 
son George south half of the le*"* lot in Freetown up to the mill brook 
that is to extend one quarter of a share in bredth from Captain Am- 
brose Bamaby's land Northerly from road to the brook, and also my 
5 acre lot eastward of the salt meadow and one quarter acre 
lot in the south side of the landing place on the said 16*** lot at 
the river, also my salt meadows in the town ship of Swansea from 
Labor in vain Creek north up toward Taunton on the west side of 
Taunton River. Also half of my quarter of a share of land in said 
Freetown, lying above the mill brook in said 16*** lot, and one 
eighth part of the mills on said mill brook with all the priviledges to 
said 8*** part belonging. Also, one half that salt marsh given me by my 
brother William late of said Freetown, and also half of 3 acres given 
me by said William. Also my best anvil and half my smiths and 
carpenters tools, except my Steel anvil which I gave to my son Bar- 
nabas. Son George to pay legacies. To daughter Phebe 3 pounds 7 
shillings in house hold goods. To daug. Elizabeth Strange 7 pounds 
in house hold goods. 

" To son Barnabas the northerly half of homestead and buildings, 
except a part of house yard and garden given to wife. To son Bar- 
nabas half my quarter share of land above mill brook. Also to son 
Vol. XIX. U 



15» 



Early Records o/Btuiol County. 



[April, 



Barnabas one eighth the mills aod pririledg^ and half my smitbs and 
carpenters tooU, and all the land above the mill brook given me bj 
my brother William, and half the 3 acre lot and half my salt mareih* 
Barnabas to pay to datig'hter Elizabeth Strange 2 pounds 1*2 slnllings 
lawful money, and to Rebecca VVinslow 9 pounds and 12 ghillinga, or 
value in house hold goods. To daughter Hopestill Cook^ to be paid 
by my two sons beside what 1 have already given her, five shiUing«, 
Sons to pay wife Elizabeth annually 8 pounds. Wife Elizabeth to 
have half the house and half the wood yard and garden, and after her 
to go to son Barnabaa. Sun George to be sole executor/* 

1147. July 7th.—Lettei*s of Administration were granted to the 
widow Philip Paine, upon the estate of her late husband John Paine, 
Jr., of Freetown, deceased. The inventory showed the estate to coa- 
gist of a lh>UHe and 30 acres of land. 

[Philip, the widow, was a daughter of Lieut, Lot Strange. After the 
deoease of John Paine, Jr,, she married Seth Chase, of Freetown, whom 
iihe also survived, and then married John Crandon, of Dartmouth. 
Her children by Johu Paine, Jr., were : John, who married Barbery 
Rice, of Warwick, R. L ; Ebenezer, bom 1740, man-ied Wait Free- 
bom, May 20th, 1769, and Widow Hannah Randall 1792, and died 
Feb. 8, 1826 ; Abagail, who married Edward Chase, of P., Jan. 26, 
1764 ; Mary, who married Jesse Cndworth, of F.. January 30th, 1761, 
Her children by Seth Chase, were : Auf^ustus, bom in 1753, married 
Olive Chase, of F., Nov. *18, 1782, and died June 28, 1839; Philip, 
born 1T60, married Polly Read, of F., 1782, aod died Oct. 6th, 1818.] 

1748, May 5th, — Thomas Terry, Esq. made a will, and disposed 
of his estate as follows : *' To wife Abagail one third of roy dwelliog- 
house during life. Alt^o twenty pounds old tenor to be paid to her 
annually, and She also to have the Service, goveinment, and improve- 
ment of my ncorro maid Jemima. Son Abial to find wife fin3 wood for 
one fire. To wife Abagail two beds and furniture belonging to them, 
and as much house hold goods as shall be necessary for ber uao 
during life, and after her decease to go to my executor, except one 
bed. Executor to provide food suitable for wife both in sickness and 
io healthy and also fV>r the negro maid. 

" To sou Thomas all that tract of land and buildings and fence« I 
bought of Josiah Winslow, Jr., of Freetown, it being a part of the 
24*'^ lot in said town. I give him also that tract of salt meadows and 
flats and inlet fiats I bought of Joseph Ilolioway, and lying in Dighton 
at a place called Timothy *8 neck. If Thomas dies without iawfol issue, 
then my will ia that what I have given my son Thonia,*^, Abial shall 
have* and in case son Abial die, then his heirs to have the same. To 
daughter Lvdia Jones beside what I have given her one Hundred 
pounds old tenor. Son Abiol to have all the rest of my property. 
Bon Abial to be guardian to son Thomas until Thomas unders tan ding 
be restored to him again. Son Abial Executor.** This will proved 
in the Court of Probate for connty of Bristol, June 15*^, 1757. 

1766, Aug. 30th. — Joanna Weaver, widow, granted letter of 
administration on the estate of Capt. Benjamin Weaver, Jnn'. €>f 
Swansea, deceased. 

1767. Nov. Ist — Joanna Weaver, of Freetown, widow, appointed 
guardian to her son Benjamin Weaver. 

[Joanna Weaver was a daughter of Capt, Ambrose Barnaby and 



1865.] ExtratU froth Semums by Cotton Mather. 159 

Elisabeth GaMoer hw wifd. Joanna was bom at Freetown, Jnne 26, 
1733, and married Capt. Benjamin Weaver, Jr., of Swansea, Nov 4, 
1753. Benjamin, their only chUd, was born June 25, 1755, and enters 
ed the Patriot army in the war of the revolution as a 5th Sergeant, 
from which he was promoted to captain, and from captain to Lieut. 
Colonel, in a Regt. of which George Claghorn (afterwards master 
builder of the frigate Constitution) was Colonel, and Robert Earl, of 
Westport, Major. Col. Weaver was a Selectman and Assessor of 
Freetown, and Treasurer of that town, 29 years. As a Judge of an 
inferior court he left the record of three thousand cases that had been 
tried before him. Joanna Weaver, the widow, for a 2d husband mar- 
ried €<^onel Sylvestet Ohilds, of Warren, R. I., in 1758. Colond 
Childs commanded a Regt. under the King before the war of the Be^ 
volution. He was appointed Colonel in 1764 ; Thomas Church being 
kis Lieut. Colonel, and N. Cogswell, Mi^'or.] 



EXTRACTS FROM SERMONS BY COTTON MATHER. 

Om ths Dbath of- Rev. John Higginson of Salek, Deuvebsd 16. 10. 

1708. 

[Rev. John Higginson was born in England Aug. 6, 1616 ; — 
died Dec. 9, 1708, in his 93d year. His colleague, Rev. Nicholas 
Najes, wrote an elegy on his decease, which was printed.] 

** A Parallel drawn between old Simeon, and this Excellent old Man 
(our HIOOINSON,) would presently Entertain us, with Strokes more 
Valuable than any in FhUarch. 1 will only Say ; That the Servant of 
God, being desirotns to be Dimmsed m Peace, (far from Setting back 
(he Oiock of his Time, as many Dolingly do when 'tis past the Eleventh 
Hour with them !) when he was come to that Old Age, in which he 
was daily looking for his Dismission, he composed and Published, a 
Gracious Book, Intituled, Our Dying Saviours Legacy of Peace, to his 
Disciples in a Troublesome World,^* " This Book he left as his own 
Legacy to the Beloved people of New England,*' " for whose welfare, 
his Holy Soul was in a Continual Travail, I may say, from the Time 
of their First being a People, till he had seen the Colony arrive to be, 
as it is this day Fourscore Years Old." " Beyond his own Expecta- 
tion, he lived more than Twenty Years after this.'' " And New EnO' 
land saw such a Rarity, (which in that Valuable Man of God, Old 
Alexander Hume, who Died a Year ago, about the same Age with our 
Higginson, was by Old England also esteemed as a Rarity,) A Ser- 
mon Preached bif an Eminent Servant of Qod, at Ninety years of Age ^ 

" His FATHER, the Glory of Leicester in Old England, the Founder 
of Salem in New ; * One of the bravest Men, that ever set Foot on 
the American Strand, (and One, whose Life, is one of the most Enter- 
taining Articles in, The History of New England :-f) He lived, little 

• Bee Memoir of the Eev. Francis Higginson, by Rcy. Joseph B. Felt, in Register, vi. 
105-127. 

t Mather's UagnaUa ChruH Americana, or the Eceleeiastieal Hietory of New England, 
Edition of 1855. Vol. L pp. 864-306. 



t60 



Extracti front Sermons btj Cotton Mather. 



[AjHfl, 



above a Year, after his coming: into the Country ; and not beyond 
the Forhj-Third Year of his Ago. At his Death, ho left a Diacon- 
sohite Widow, and Eight Children,*^ ** Hi& Two Sons particularly, 
bad a learned Education bestowM upon them. The Younger of them 
(Named Francis which was the Name of liis incomparable Father) 
Dy^d an Useful Minir^ter in WedmorehDui before he was Threescore 
Years of Age. The Klder (%vbo wa» Born at Glaybrook in Leicester- 
shire, in Great Britain Aug. 0, 1616) was more than Threescore and 
Ten Years, and migcht Seven timea over have Celebrated his Decen- 
nalia, in the Evang-elical Mini!>try. This was our Simeon who was, 
first a Chaplain and Preacher at Saif* Brook ; then a School-Master at 
Hartford ; A fid after that, a Minister at Gud/ord ; but (In ally succeed- 
ed his Father, auti made the People of Salem to knoiv ifie Joijful Sound, 
for a wliole Jabdee of Years, even Seven ihne^'i Seven Years together; 
except you will say. and for a Reason presently to be mentioned, I 
am content it tilMndd bo said, He Ih/d near two Years ago. , . . • 
Tbo' his Head were Eminently (ni^ the Old Mans Head has bef n some- 
times called/) The Home of WMom ; yet for divers Moneths at last, 
there were Times in wddch the Door wa.^ a little shut, and Curtains 
drawn over the Windotves/' ** How Fearful was he — will you give 
me leave to mention one particularity, which I have myself BometimeB 
heard bim Utter? Lest in that one thing of Smoaking Tobacco, he 
should sometimes forget that Rule, Whafet^er ge do, do all to the Glory 
of God! ^^ " IIow fervently, how piiblickly, did be bear his Testimo- 
Tiies to The Cause of God and His Fenpk in Neu^England, He stated 
that Cause in a Sermon at our Greatest anniversary Solemnity ; and 
it is, I Buppose, tlie Firsf-Born by the way of the Press, of all the 
Ekciion Sermons that we have in our Libraries/'^J 

*' I know not whether I have over seen that Great Subject of too much 
modern Controversy, more Truly, and more Clearly Handled, than in 
a Discourse, which he wrote, when he was about Fourscore and Four 
years of Age. 'Tia his Preface to a Book, Entituled, Tfte Eeeriastin<f 
GospeU' 

The Death of Good Mkn consipered, &c,f — It 15. — Appendix. 

Jjefler from the Melivt of Mr. Grindal Rawson . 

** After he [Rawson] had taken bis first Degree, he was invited by 
his Brother-in-Law, the Reverend Mr. Samuel Torreg, to come to hia 
House, and Study Divinity there. Which he did '* — , . . ''Preached 
hie first Sermon at IMedfield, with great acceptation ; and after two 
Months Occasional Performances at other Places, he received an Invi^ 
tation to Mendon,^^ , , 

** There was not a Council for many years in all the Neighbouring 
Towns, hilt he wus at it. Also his voyage* as a Chaplain, with tho 
Fleet that went unto Canada ; and the Half Year be spent in service 
for God at ^a«fucjC"t'/ ; will not be soon forgotten. As for his Pains 



I 



• The lAte Rev, l>r, Ptcrco, of BrfK>klin(*, fn th<i appendix to hf« El<jetbn Sormca ckll* 
▼en^! Jftn. 3, 1849— le>4s thjin Hi^lit Tuotirlis prcvif^ifs to hin «!oatli— aay* ?— *• Tl^c tln«t jprinled 
Elcttlfin S<*rmon, whirh has rome m my knnwlrd^', is. In 16<il, tiy John Norton, ofDo^toa. 
Tliisi i* in tlw Llbnirv *>f the >[a48harhnH'tt^ Hl^itorlcal Sf»dety." tin' next that wv hnvoany 
accrjiitjt of, Is the ont! nJwvc nifcm'H to, T^rrnt^tieil liy Hipfdiifion, in l(j*>:j. 

t PrinU'd April 9, 1715. pp. 58- Boston in N* E, Printed hy D* Grwn : Sold by Swnu^;! 
' " * rNo * " 



Oerrlah at lua Stiop on tlic North sida ot Uic To^-n House* 



1865.] Extracts J^om SermoM by Cotton Mather. Hi 

with his owA Flock (since So^ceedingly increased unto more than an 
Sundred FaimiUe^) for more than five and thirty Years, he was a faith* 
fill Labofirer, 4c»" ** He Oatechised first in Public, on the Lorde^ 
dojfs in the Afternoon, Afterwards he had set times to OatecJnse in the 
We*. He divided the Town into Five Parts ; and every Friday 
there was a Meeting in One or Other of them, where he preached a 
Sermon ; and CcUechised the Children which belonged unto the families 
liiere^abouts^" • » • . . 

" As for his Labours among the INDIANS, it was Twenty Seven 
Tears sinoe he undertook the Work. It was thought, Two Years 
was Time little Enough to Learn their Language in," . . "it was not 
above Nine Months, before he Preach'd to the Indians, to their good 
Understanding.'' "For a whole Summer his Custome was, when 
he came from his own English Congregation on the Lords-day, about 
five a Clock, to take about half an hours Repose, and then go to the 
Indians; and Pray with them, and Preach to them; so that he per- 
formed Three Exercises every Lords-day, while he had strength to at- 
tend them. His Discouragements were Great, in that there was so little 
€k>od done among them. He judg'd, a Great Occasion of it might be^ 
the Strong Drink, with which some of the English too often furnished 
tkem. I think, no Man ccald bear a greater Testimony against it. 
And ^en he could find no other Way to Restrain it, at length he 
pefswaded the Church to Renew their Covenant ; and a Solemn Day of 
Plmyer Ttith FasHng, was kept on that Occasion ; and this Article was 
made (hie of the Engagements, That whoever should sell any Strong 
Drink to an Indian, shoiUd be counted a Covenant-breaker ; and be dealt 
wUhal in Ike Church accordingly. Which put a Considerable Stop unto 

[8et> (jfxittdal fiawson was the fifth son and youngest child of 
Secretary Edward Rawson, was bom in Boston Jan. 23, 1659-60, 
" and was named Grindal, for Edmund Grindal, Archbishop of Can- 
terbury, between whom and his father's mother there was a relation- 
ehip.'' (Drake's Boston, 553.) He graduated at Harvard College in 
1678 ; married Susannah, dan. of Rev. John Wilson, who was ordained 
as colleague with Rev. Richard Mather at Dorchester in 1649, and 
^ere remained two years, when he became the first minister o^ 
Medfield, where he labored forty years. He was a son of the Rev. 
John Wilson, of Boston. Mr. Rawson was ordained the second 
minister of Mendon, about the year 1680, succeeding the Rev. Joseph 
Emerson, \^ho died at Concord, Jan. 3, 1680. Mr. R. died Feb. 6, 
1715, {Ante, iii. 300.)] 

On the Death of Rev, Thomas Bridge, op Boston, who Deceased in 

26: 7: 1715.* 

*' Bom at Hackney, near London, in the year 1657, of Pious and 
Worthy Parents ; After a Religious and Liberal Education, and some 
Travels into the Mediterranean ; he Travelled into the American World, 
wh^re be hsA a strong Inclination to see and serve the Kingdom of 
Our Saviour. Here be first Instructed a Flock at Jamaica ; and be- 

• Botton : Printed by B. Oreen, for Samuel Oerriihf Dtmiei ff$nchman and B^VmiAi 
<(7ray, at their shops. 1716. PI».68. 

Vol XIX 14* 



162 



Towns incormrated in 1 T66. 



[Al 



came as far as could be allow' d the SaU of that iBland, Oh I might ho 
have been more Buccesw fully one of the jElernitdtis SalUores there I 
From thence he removed unto the Island of Providence; Where, for 
gome Time, he was the Prinoipal Persun m the Government, as well 
as the Instnictioa of the Plantation. From thence he removed unto 
the Inland of ilarmt«/a^; where his Labour and Courage, and Charity in 
the Time of a Mortality raging beyond any Pestilence, was worthy to 
be had in EverlaRting Remembrance ; and besides other luBtances of 
it, in one Month he preached Nine and twenty Sermons. From thence 
he removed unto Wenl Jersey ; where he did in the Recesses of a Pat- 
mos, conflict with Difficulties^ and with Discouragement 8, that proved a 
most improving School of Patience to him. From thence he removed 
unto BOSTON, the Metntpohtj of the English America, where the 
First Church invited him, that they might enjoy the Abilities of so 
Experienced a Person, in the Pastoral Conduct of a Flock, where Fa- 
mous Predecessora were to be succeeded. The LigJU was now in a 
very considerable Candlestick ; and shone for Eleven years together. 
Some of the Maya thereof, we have in Four Printed Composures ; 
Entituled, I. The Mind at Ease. IL Wlmi Faith can do. IIL Je- 
thro's OoumeL IV. A Sertnon to the Artillery Cmipany. Tho' such 
was his Modest Indisposition to Appearances in the Way of the Press, 
that these Things, were some of Iheni, like some of ChrysostomSf only 
the Notes of those that wrote Short^IIand after him. Two years be- 
fore he died, a Fit of an Apopleelic Tendency siczcd him. From this 
Time, he felt his Faculties enleebled. Yet he continued serviceable.*' 

[From AVritings of his appended (10 pages), dat-ed Apl. 5, 1714, 
we learn that '* for more than half a Yesir past/' he had continued 
" under the impressions fd Apophrtival and Parlytical Distempers." 

In the 16th year of bis age, Rev. Jottn Collins, *' originally of Neio 
England, was made hie Spiritual Father/^ '' begetting me to Christ/* 
he writes, *' by liie Sermon on Acts 3. 19.^' In his Hth year, he was 
** admitted into Fyll Communion with the Church of Chnst under hia 
Pastoral Charge.^' '* When I left my Native Country^ I had Letters 
Testimonial and Recommendatory, from Doctor John Owen, Mr, Matt 
^ew Meade, Mr. Juhn Collins, Mr. George Griffith, Mr. EicJiard Law- 
rence, anil Mr. Ol)adiah Hughes,'^ 

Rev. Thomua Bridge was made colleague pastor with Rev. Ben* 
jamin Wadsworth, of the First Churrh in Boston, May 10, lt06. 
Allen, in his Biographical Dictionary, says that Mr, Bridge gradu ated 
at Harvard College in 1675, which is a mistake ; but it is stated 
Rev. Mr. Kmerson, in his History of il\e FirM Church, that ** his ni 
is affixed to the class which was graduated in 1675/' He received 
the degree of A.M* from that institution in 1712.] 



Towns in Massachusetts akd Maine iNcoRPORATEn in thk Year 
I165.—Ma^achu»et(s: A«hburnham, Becket, Charlemont, Chester, 
Lanesborough, Paxton, Richnnjnd, RoyalstoUi Sharon, WilHaros- 
town. Maine: Bristol, Cape Elizabeth. 



1866.] AhtracU frm Early tViUi. 1«A* 



ABSTRACTS FROM THE EARLIEST WILLS ON RECORD 
AND ON THE PILES IN THE COUNTY OF SUFFOLK, 
MASS. 

(Prepared by William B. Tbask.) 

CooUnoed flrom fwge 87. 

RicfiARD Church. I, Richard Church, of Hingham, hauing perfect 
vnderstanding, yet visited by sicknes of body, order this my last 
win. Debts payd, then my will is, that my wife, ^Elizabeth Church, 
shall enj6y the Remainder during her life. And when it shall please 
God that shee shall leaue this life my will is, that what Estate I shall 
leaue to her that shall not bee necessarily Expended for her mainte- 
nance shall then bee Equally diuided amongst my children, only my 
sonn Joseph to have a dubble Portion, that is twice soe much as any 
of the rest of my children, by reason of the lamnes of his hand, where- 
by hee is disinabled above the rest of my children for the getting of a 
liuelihood. I ordaine my sonn Joseph to bee my sole Execute'. 26 
Dec., 1668. Richard h Church. 

In the presence of vs, 

JoBuah Fisher, John Farebanck, sen'., John Farebanck, jun'. 

26 Jan., 1668. Josuah Fisher and John Far dninck, senio', deposed. 

Inventory of the estate, apprized by John Thaxter, and Matthew 
Cushin, Jan. 1, 1668. Amt. £366.14. 

Mentions— -dwelling house with the bame, orchard and house £110. 
Lott, containing six Acres, £110 ; halfe a tide mill, £110 ; his share 
of the iron worke at Taunton, £50 ; 2 Acres of Land Lying by the 
miU, £10. 

Joseph Church deposed. 

[The above Richard Church was father of the celebrated Beigamin 
Church, so distinguished by his exploits in the Indian wars.] 

Edward Bugby. I, Edward Bugby, being stricken in yeares an(f 
but ill in my body, not knowing how short my day may bee, in sound 
mind, make this my last will. Debts paid, my sonn Joseph shall En- 
joy my Housing and Land, bame and Orchard, all that is mine, on 
the right hand of the Way leading to the great Letts, and Eight Acres 
of Swamp and vpland, bee it more or less, lying by M'. Elliots Land, 
on the left hand of the way aboue said. And a Lott of Eleuen Acres, 
lying by Nathaniell Brewers, at Wake hill, and one Acre of fresh 
meadow, bee it more or less, lying in the Towne great meads. Two 
Acres of salt marsh, lying by Goodman Watermans marsh, in that 
which is called grauell point ; eight Acres of vpland, lying vpon "the 
Pond Hill, lying by the Land of WHUam Lyon and Samu^U Oary. 
Also, two Cowes, one Coult, and two Hoegs, that I have heretofore 
giuen him, and that bedding and household stuff that I have already 

fiuen him. My will is, that my sonn, Joseph, shall haue this for his 
ortion, and he shall haue noe more of my Estate. My Will is, that 



m 



Ahitfdctijrom Early Wilts, 



[ApriV 



my dau. Sarah, shall haue my Tenn Acre Lott, in the firet diuigsion 
and Bixteene Acres lyin|f by it, tbat 1 bought uf Edward Pasoti, and 
twelue Acres in the Thousand Acres, and one Acree and a halfe of 
tialt marsh lying in graiiely point, by Goodman Finch. My will is, 
that my dau, Sarah, shall haue that bedding and household stuff© and 
those Cattle that I shall leaue at my decease, and also my money and 
Euery thing that is mine, which I have not giuen to my sonn Jose^^h 
as is above expressed. My will is, that out of that which I haue 
giaeo my dan. SaraJi, there shall be payd my sonn in law, Chamberlin, 
the Husband of my danghterj .£18 in Oorne or Cattle, to two of my 
Grand children Mary and Rebecca Chamberlin ^ the ooe halfc of the 
£18 to Marii Chamberlin, and the other halfe to liebecra. I Appoint 
my sonn in lawe, Chamberlin, my Executor. Itohet*l J7am>, Nathan* 
iell BrueTf John Bridge ^ ouersoors, Nouembcr 26 : 1668, 

In the p'sence of ve, Edward m BugbYi 

BobL Harm, John Bridget Nalhaniell Brmert John Whitney. 

30 Jan., 1668. John Bridge and Nalluimell Bruer deposed* 

The Estate belonging to Edward Boogbt/, of Roxbury, deceasodii 
prized by Md^eri Eares, John Bride t Beigamin Ohtdd, Jan. 29, 1668. 
Amt, Xa36.06.06. 30 Jan., 1668. Bichard Chamberlaim deposed. 

JotfN Skku,. Nov. 25, 1668. I, John SneU, of Boston, Shipwright, 
being sicke but of good memory, ordaine this my last wilL Fur my 
Estate in Land, House and Household stnffe, my will is, that my wife 
shall haue the one third part of the whole, the other two third Farts to 
bee diuided amongst my Fowre children, that is to say, my [?] to haue 
a dubble Portion, and to the rest of my Children part and part alike. 
As for my sonn, John Sneli, him 1 doe beqneath to my Father in Lawe 
and mother in Lawe Jameg Smifh and Jbne Smith, to bee by them 
Educated and brought vp in good nurture, and when Capable of si , 
trade to bee put to» bee instructed in some hontiest calling* My dau. 
Susanna, I bequeath vnto my wife. My dau. Hannahf I bequeath 
vnto my master and m". M\ Timoihy Front, scnio', and Margaret his ^ 
wife, by them and Either of them to bee Educated and brought vp ia 
the Feare of the Lord till shee bee of full Age or marriageable which 
Bhall first happen ; and I doe in treat my said master Tinwthi/ Protd 
to demand and reeeiue that debt which ia due to my Brother, from 
Mr, Eleana Cooke, merchant in Barbados, and by mee left in hii 
hands, as my said master doth know of, and by my said master to beo 
sent home to England to my Brother Sijmon Sfi^lL I make Hannah 
Snell, my wife, sole Executrix. 

Colbiterially and before signing and sealing hereof, ft is hereunto | 
Added that out of my whole Estate my wife shall take Tenn pounds 
towards the bringing vp of my yongest daughter, Jane Snell; and in 
Case sbee or Either of my before named Children dye, the portion be* 
longing to the party or parties deceased to bee to the party suruiuing. 
In p'sence of John Snkll and a seals, 

Timothy Frout, jun'., John King, William Fear»e, scr. 

2t Jan. 1668. M'. Timothy Front and M^ William PearBe deposed. 

An inventory of the Estate of John Snell, late of Boston, Ship Car- 
penter, who deceased 27*^ Nov., 1668, as presented by Hannah SneU^ 
Bohct and Executrix. Apprised Dec. 5, 1668^ by Capt. Thomas Savage 



1 865.] AntUl FamUy Reeardt. 165 

and M'. Ber^amin Oibbs of Boston. Estate indebted to John Famam, 
Edward Mumford, M'. WaHcer, Samson Shoare, Jeremiah MorreU, 
Symon SneU of London. Amt. £46.06. Hannah SneU deposed Oct. 
15, 1669. 

Damel Douines. The Account of the Estate of Daniel Douines, 
giaen in by John Famham, senio', Administrate' to the said Estate. 
Debtor, £43.17.02. Creditor £44.00.06. 3 : February, 1668. John 
Famham senio' deposed. 

As Attests EwD. Rawson, Recorder. 

The bond was Cancelled accordingly ; vide file bonds : 1662. 



ANTILL FAMILY RECORDS. 

[Copied by Johv L. Sibley, A.M., of Cambridge, Mass., Aug. 11, 
1861, at Montreal, Canada, from the family bible of Mrs. Judge Ayl- 
win, who was grand-daughter of Edward Antill, a friend of the Ame- 
ricans in the Bievolution.] 

Giles Shelley* was bom July y 80***, 1664. 

Edward Antill (son of Edward Antill formerly of Richmond in the 
County of Surry in Old England, merchant, but late of New York, in 
America, attorney at Law, and Sarah his Wife) was bom in New 
York the Itth of June, ITOl. 

Anne, his wife, whom he married the lOth'of June, 1T89, was bom 
the 8"* of April, 1706, being daughter of Lewis Morris, Esq'., Gov- 
-emor of New Jersey, and Isabella his wife, then both living. 

Sarah, Daughter of Edward Antill, by said Anne, his wife, was 
bom at his house in Piscataqua, in the County of Middlesex, in East 
New Jersey, the 18th day of August, lt40, at t of the Clock in the 
evening, and was baptized at the Church in said Piscataqua, on Sun- 
day the 14th day of September following, by the Reverend William 
SMnner. Robert Hunter Morris, Esq., Chief Justice of New Jersey, 
her uncle on the mother's side, being her godfather, and Ursula Parker 
and Mary Forster her godmothers. 

Edward, first son by the said Anne, was bom at the same place, 
the 11th of April, lt42, at eleven of the clock in the morning, and 
was baptized in the same church, by the Reverend William Skinner, 
on Palm Sunday the 2* of May following, Peter Kemble of this Place, 

merchant, and doctor Mercer, of Bound Brook, Gent", and 

Farmer, being his Godfathers, and Eufamia Norris [Morris ?] (his 
aunt by the Mother) his Godmother, who being in England was person- 
ated by Mrs. Catherin Johnston. 



Edward Antill married at Quebec 4 May, ITOT, by the Rev. John 
Brooks, Chaplain of the Garrison, to Miss Charlotte Riverain [Rive- 
rin f ] daughter of Joseph of Riverain, by whom they had issue : — 

Isabella Graham, bom at seven o'clock in the evening on the 7* 

• Oodfother of Edward Antill, Jr., whose \AtQi is reoocded in the next pMSgraph. 8. 



16« 



The Fira Bank in BoOm. 



[April, 



Harcbi 1768. baptized bj the Rev, G. D* Dolislc, a week after — ^Spon- 
eors, Major James Ilug-hes, leabella Graham, wife of Dr. Graham, and 
leabella McNeal, her aunt by the father^s side. 

Charlotte {second daughter), born in February, 1769, baptlzod hj 
the said Rev, 0. D. Delisle, died 3 weeks aid, 

Mary (third daughter), born the 18 Jany., 1770, baptized by the 
Rev. C\ D. Delisle — sponsors, Ja'. Stanley Goddard, Margaret 
Howard, 

Julia (fourth daughter), born the 28 March, 1772, died the U^ 
December, 1787, at Quebec. 

Edwai'd (first son), born 4 May, 1775, baptized by the Rev. C, D. 
Delisle, died at Montreal, fourteen moiaths old. The above children 
were born in Montreal. 

Amelia (fifth daughter )» l»orTi in Lancaster, Province of FcnuByl- 
vania, 15 May, 1777, baptized by the Rev, Dr. Barton — Sponsors, 
Judge Atley, bis wife, and Mra, Barton, wife of Dr, Barton, died 
December foEowing. 

John (second sun), bom at Flatbueh, Long Island, 15 Dec, 177^, 
died at twenty-two months old, 

Harriet (sixth daughter), bom at Bnshwick. on Long Island, 12 
September, 1780, baptized by the Rev. Theop^'. Beach, 10 Sept., 1786, 
— aponsorg, James Price, and Margaret, his wife, and Mrs, Hamilton, 
wife of Alexander Hamilton, Secretary of the State of New York. 

Louisft (seventh daughter), bom 2 Dec, 1782, at Coldcn Ham, 
Orange County, died five weeks old, 1782 (1783 ?), 

Frances (eightli daughter), born at Brookland Heights, Long Island, 
the 4thJMay, 1785, baptized by the Rev. Theo^'*. Beach, 10 Sept., 1785 
— Sponsors, Mr, and Mi-s, Hamilton, and Mra, Giles. 

Died, Charlotte, wife of Edward Antill, at New York, 3 Sept, 1785^ 
aged 32 years. 

Died, Edward Antill, at St. John*s, Canada, 21 May, 1789, aged 
47 years. 

Isabella Graham, datighter of the above Edward, and Charlotte 
Antill, married at Montreal, 2 Dec, 1787. to William Hall* J)f Stafford- 
shire, England, by the Rev* C. D. Dclislo, rector of said place. 

Mary, daughter of the above Ed. and Ch. Antill, married at Albany, 
U. S., 1 Nov., 1786, to Grant G. Lansing, of Saratoga, merchant. 



THE FIRST BANK IN BOSTON. 



Thtc library of the Essex Institute contains two pamphlets with 
these titles. 

*' A I Projection | For Erecting a ] Bank | of | 
New'England, i Founded on I Land 1 Security. | 
27U." 

" A I Vindication | of the Bank j of | Credit | 
from the Aepersions | of Paul Dudley, Esqr. ] In 
directed to John Burn!, Esqr., Late | Speaker to 
senta | tives for the Pro\ince of the Massachu 
England. ( Printed in the year 1714.*' 



I Credit | in Boston, 
Printed in the year 

Projected in Boston 
A j Letter | By him 

the Honse of Repre- 
I setts-Bay in New 



i 



I 




1866.] The Fim Bank m SesUm. 167 

" Sir," the letter begins, " Mr. Attorney General, by his Letter of 
the Twenty Second of October last past to your Self, as Speaker to 
the House of RepresentatiTes for this Province, having most un^c- 
coontably, with an uncommon Freedom, taken upon him to Insult and 
Arraign a Considerable Company of Oentlemen Merchants, &c. (as h^ 
is pleased to title them) Projectors of the Bank of Credit, and call then^ 
to the Bar of that Honourable House, Charging them with the many 
Sigh Crimes and Misdemeanours foUo¥ring ; ''^-one was that the pro* 
ject would ''invalidate and breajk in upon the Prerogatjive of the 
Grown ; " another that it would '' be in effect the setting up an Abso- 
lute Independent Government." It seems " That two or three Gen- 
tlemen in the Town of Boston, discoursing of the Difficulties tib^ 
Trade laboured under, for want of a Medium of Exchange, the Silver 
being sent Home for England, and the Bills of Credit on the fl^veral 
Provinces daily called in by the Funds on which they were Emitted ; 
tiiought it ^proper to consult soqie other Friends, and to Meet Uh 
gether, and Consider of a suitable Remedy for the Present and grow- 
ing Inconveniences and Difficulties." Then follows a very interesting 
i4ew of the business interests of that time. The letter is '' Dated ai 
Bo^&H, in New-England, Decern. 20, 1714," and signed by 

Samuel Lynde. 
To the Contents, except 
the Letter taken out of a 
Book.* 

John Oolman, I ^^ .^ ^^^^^^ ^^ 

Eh^ Cooke, Jr. / ^j^^ partnership 

J, OuUon, ' ^ 

Timothy Thornton, 
Oliver Noyee, 
WUtiam Pain, 
NaOi. Oliver. 

DsAB Kinsman, 

I confess I am ashamed almost to think I should be at Home SO 
long, and not let you know of it till now ; Tho' after all, a New-Eng- 
land Correspondence is scarce worth your having. I refer you to Mr. 
— ^ for an Account of every thing, especially about the Government 
and the Colledge, both of which are discoursed of here in Chimney 
Comers and Private Meetings as confidently as can be. If there 
should be any occasion you must be sure to stir yourself and Friends, 
and shew your Affection and Respect to my Father, who loves yoR 
well, and bid me tell you so. — This Country will never be worth liv- 
ing in for Lawyers and Gentlemen, till the Charter is taken away. 
My Father and I sometimes talk of the Queens establishing a Court 
of Chancery in this Country. I hf^ve wrote about it to Mr. Blaytb* 
wayt ; If the Matter should succeed, you might get some place worth 
your Betum, of which I should be very glad. If I can any ways 

• The «letter"i8ftr(ma«9ookPrimiea in Londoii. Aamo 1708^ Intttoled^ Th$ Dtph* 
mU$ SUiU of New Bogluid, &c"-*< Boston, Jmiiuut l2tb, 1708, i." 



168 



Boston Records. 



[April, 



serve ybtt or your Friends, Pray signifie it to, Dear Sir, Your Aflfec- 
tionate Friend, and Humble Servant, Paul Dudley. 

They proposed to " give out of the Neet Profits " of the bank, 
"Pour hundred Pounds per Annum to the Use of an Hospital or 
Charity School, for the Support and Education of the poor Children in 
the Town of Boston," 

" Two Hundred Pounds per Annum for a Mathematical 

Professor at Harvard Colledge, 

" Forty Pounds per Annum " for three scholarships at Harvard 
College, 

" One Hundred Pounds per Annum for the support of six ministers 
Sons " at the College, 

" Forty Pounds per Annum to a Professor of Physick and Anatomy " 
at the College, 

" Twenty Pounds per Annum, towards the further support of a 
Publick Grammar School in Each County, now in the Province of 
the Massachusetts Bay in New England/' 

[Certainly the Boston merchants of 1714 were not behind those of 
1865 in generous plans for the public welfare. — ^These pamphlets de- 
serve to be edited and republished.] 

J. W. T. 



BOSTON RECORDS. 

[Coatinued from fwge 82.] 

Boston Marriages. 

Veren, John Veren was married to Mary Wiseman, the Daugh- 

ter of James Wiseman, of Boston, the 12 : June 1660. 
By Jn^ Endecott Gov'. 

Canoiihen . David Carwithen was married to Francis Oldam, Widdow, 
22»»» Sep'. 1660. By Ri : Belling"*. Dep*. Gov'. 

Hooke. M'. Francis Hooke was married to Mary Palsgrave, 

widdow, 20"* Sep'. 1660. By Majo' Humph. Ath'ton. 

Oibbs. M'. Robert Gibbs was married to Elizabeth Sheaffe, y* 

Daughter of M'. Jacob Sheafe, deceased, the 1^ Sep'. 
1660. By Majo' Humphery Atherton. 

Standish, Myles Standish was married to Sarah Winslow, y* 
Daughter of M'. John Winslow, y« lO*** of July 
1660. By Majo' Humph. Atherton. 

Martine, Richard Martine was marryed to Elizabeth Gay, of Ded- 
ham, y^ Daughter of John Gay, married at Salem. 
By Majo' Hawthorne. 

Oreenow, WiUiam Greenow was married to Ruth Swift, the Daugh- 
ter of Thomas Swift, of Dorchester, 10: October 
1660. 

OUlam. Benjamine Gillam was married to Hannah Savage, y* 

Daughter of Cap*. Thomas Savage, of Boston, 26*** 
October 1660. By M^jor Humphery Atherton. 



1865.] 



Boston Records. 



169 



Fcdreweather, John Paireweather was married to Sarah Turner, y* 
Daughter of Robert Turner, of Boston, y* 16th No- 
vember 1660. By Jo : Endecot Gov'. 

Jackson, Edmond Jackson was married to Elizabeth Pilkenton, 
21^ October 1660. By M'. Tho : Danforth. 

Beape, Thomas Reape was married to Judeth Rachell, Widdow, 

y* 30**^ November 1660. By Jo : Endecot Govr. 

Crocker, Daniell Crocker was married to Sarah Balden, y* 30*** 
November 1660. By Rich* Bellingham Dep*. Gov'. 

Benham, John Benham was married to Margery Alcock, widdow, 
16th November 1660. By Jo : Endecott Gov'. 

Mason, Richard Mason was Marryed to Sarah Messinger, y* 

Daughter of Henry Messinger, of Boston, the 20th 
November 1660. By Jo : Endecott Gov'. 

Short, Clement Short was marryed to faith Munt, the Daughter 

of Thomas Munt, of Boston, y* 2 1*^ of November 1660. 
By John Endecott Gov'. 

Loyd, Edward Loyd was marryed to Mary Wheelewright, y* 

Daughter of M'. John Wheelewright, Late of Hamp- 
ton, y* 4th of December 1660. By Jn«. Endecott. 

Maoericke. Samuell Mavericke was marryed to Rebecca Wheele- 
wright, y* Daughter of M'. John Wheelewright, Late 
of Hampton, y* 4"* of December 1660. By Major 
Humphery Atherton. 

Thurston, Bcnjamine Thurston was marryed to Elisha Walker, y* 
Daughter of Robert Walker, of Boston, 12th of De- 
cember 1660. By Richard Bellingham Dep*. Gov'. 

TomUnt, John Tomline was marryed to Sarah Barnes, y* Daught' 

of Mathew Barnes, of Boston, 26th December 1660. 
By John Endecott Gov'. 

Sowther. John Sowther was marryed to Hannah Read, the 11th 
. Janvary 1660. By Richd : Bellingham Dep*. .Gov'. 

Beykan, John Reylean, an Irishman, was married to Margaret 
Brene, an Irish woman, y* 16th M'ch. By Jo : Ende- 
cott Gov'. 

Tultle, John Tuttell was marryed to Mary Holyoacke, y* Daugh- 

ter of M'. Edward Holly oacke, of Lynne, j* 10^ Febr. 
1646. 
Habbiah Savage was married to Hannah Tine, y* Daugh- 
ter of M'. Edward Ting, of Boston, the 8^ May 1661. 
By Jo : Endecott Gover'. 

Wampoug, John Wompaug, an Indian, was marryed to Anne 
Praske, 21^ May 1661. By Maj. Humph. Atherton. 

Freake. Mr. John Freake was marryed to Elizabeth Clarke, y* 

Daughter of Gap^ Thomas Clarke, of Boston, 28th 
May 1661. By Majo' Humpheiy Atherton. 

Howard, Edward Howard was marryed to Hannah Hawkins, the 
Daughter of Thomas Hawkins, of Boston, *l^ June 
1661. By Mr. Thomas Danforth, of Cambridge. 

Benjamine, Joseph Benjamine, of Bastable, was married to Jemi- 
na Lumbard, y* Daughter of y* Late Thomas Lumbard, 
Deceased, 10 June 1661. By Ri : Bellingham Dep*. 
Gov'. 
Vol. XIX. 15 



Savage. 



no 



jmttent Fapef' Hangings in Dorchester, 



Makepeace, William Makepeace waa roamed to Ann Johnson, the 
23 May 1661. By Major Ilurophery Atherton. 

Preston. John Preston was marry ed to Susanna Read, Widdow, 

the 28th May 1661. By M^ Tho : Banforth of Cambr. 



ANCIENT PAPEKrHANGINGS IN DORCHESTER, MASS. 

In the Boston Oazetie, supplement, May S>, 1768, as also in the snp- 
plement to the same paper for April 20, 1767, may be eeen the follow- 
ing advertiBement :— " Jut^t I m pur ted from London, and to be Sold by 
Zipldon Thayer,* At the Golden Lyon in Comhill Boston. A Large 
Asortrneat of Paper Ilangingg, Cheap for Cash.'' 

The above announcement, of itself, would probably have little or 
BO interest, except to a few antiquarians, and to the genealogically 
inclined members or friends of the Thayer family. But, taken in con- 
nection with what we are abuut to relate, an added intereat is given 
to tlie whole. 

It appcara that Capt. Lemuel Clap, formerly a respected citizen in 
the north part of Dorchester, son of Ebooezer and Hannah (Pierce) 
Clap, after the loss of his first wife, Susannah (Capen) Clap, who died 
March 6, 1767, a. 26, married, Nov. 3, 1768, Miss Rebecca Dexter, 
daughter of the Rev. Samuel Dexter, of Dedham (ante, viii. 249 ; xiv. 
205 ; XV. 229). Previous to this event, Mr. Clap saw lit to beautify 
his abode, ami among other things, by way of adornment, placed some 
fine paper hangings on the walls of the eastern lower room, majdng 
it, when finished, one of the handsomest apartments in the town. 
Now the query arises — Whetice came this paper ? In looking over 
the columns of the Boston newspapers for the year 1768, we found 
but one advertisement in the whole town of Boston — the one above 
copied — of the sale of paper hangings, now considered bo impor- 
tant an article in our domestic arrangements. The natural con- 
jecturei therefore, is, that those paper hangings were obtained of Zi- 
phion Thayer, *'at the Golden Lyon in Comhill.'' The same papBr, 
after a lapse of more than 96 years, still remains on the walls of this 
room. In the same room and tire chamber above it, some of our sol- 
diers were quartered in the war of the RevolutioD, and it is said that 
attempts were made, by the men, to tear off strips of the paper to 
adorn their hats — the colors then being bright — but without success, 
as the paper adhered very close to the walls, in contrast with many 
of our modem paper hangings. It is doubtful if any other specimetiB 
of Ziphioo Thayer^s imported paper— if this be one^or paper put on 
in the year 1768, can elsewhere be seen on tlie walls of our mansions, 
at the preseot time, 1865, 

* Ziplilon* Tbaj-er wa» a son of Oideon* find Racht^l Thayer, who was a aon of RichArd*, 
who WM a &on of Richard', who wm a mn of Richard*, who was a bod of Rjcliani* of Bof- 
ton, afterwards of Brain tree where he dted. 

Zlplilon was an elder brother of ArodJ Thayer, who, in 1708^ wax a '* Marrihnl of the Coart 
of Admiraity for the three Prodnoc^," and on NoTcmbcr 3d of that jear^lhc date of the 
numiiAe of Mr. Clap, above mcntioni»d — lirrcstcd John Hancock, In connection with the 
*loop Liberty aJMr, for an account of which «iee Drake 'a Hifitotj of Boston, p- 765. The 
only ffarriving daughter of Mr. Arodi Thayer reeJdea at DoaThencr^ia tlie S3d year of her ag^e. 



I 



I 



I 



1865.] 



Ceniennial and other Celdfmtions, 



CENTENNIAL AND OTHER CELEBRATIONS, 

Cbktbxxial CiitKBRATHJ!^ AT FiTcHBrEo, Mams. — On thc 30th of June, 1861, 
the IQQth inniversary of the mcorporation of Fitchbiirg took place. The exerciser on 
the oocMiou were held beneath YaJe's fuinous teat^ which hiid been pitched on the Coiti- 
mon, in that town^ at the head of Main etrcet. They comratiiced with miisic by Hall'* 
Band, followed by the reading of thc 4fith Psudra by Mr. Rev. BuUard, of Iloyabton, 
from a Bible printed in 1039, which hud betin the property of Col. Zachary Fitch, trom 
whom thc town took its name, and whose portrait, paintt^d from life^ was exhibited in 
front of the table occupied by thc president of the day, CoL Crocker, Prayer was 
offered by Her. Calvin Linooln, of Hingham, formerly paiitor of the Unitarian Chtiroh 
in Fitchburg, and then a hymn, composed for the occasion, by JIra, Caroline Mason, 
w«i well «ung by the •* Old Folks/' who were dressed in the costume of the olden 
time. Hon. Alvoh Crocker made an addreas of Welcome, A hymn, written by Mis. 
Lowe, was flong, and C. H. B. Snow, Ksq., delivered the oentennary addresa. llie 
Mrrioes were closed with .Hinging, and poems by G, K, Towne, Esq* and Mrs. Ma»on, 

CoL Crocker presided at the repast provided at the Town HaO. Toasts were given 
ttad responses made by Rev. Kendall Brooks, Deacon 8. FonveU, of Cambridge, Rer. 
8, M. Worcester, of Salem, Eons, Emory Wfiahbuiu and Henry Cliapin, of Worcester, 
Col £. Upton, Chafi. Maaon, L. H. Bradford and others. We understand tliat ■ 
▼olume ia to be published, giving ns, besides the address and the aiyiiveraary proceod- 
, much additional matter relative to the history of the town. 



KoiiMAL School CELEBaiTioN at Fiiaminoham, ^iAsa. — Thc twenty-fifth anni- 
wettuj of the establishment of the first Normal school in America was celebrated at 
Fmrningham Centre, July 1st, 1864, by the pupilu and friends of the Normal School 
in ttuit town. The exercisea were held in the First Baptist Church. After a voluu* 
tary and a prayer by Rev. Mr. Bigelow, of Keysville, N, Y., a song of wekome was 
«img by the choir of the school. Rev, Samud J. May, of Sjmcufe, N. Y., was the 
omtor of the day, A selected hynm was then sung, after which Rev. Eben S. Steani*, 
of Albany, gave an extended historical sketch of tlie rise and progress of the Normal 
Sehool cystem in America, and the establishment of this earlieBt and most widely- 
known school of Ita class, which commenced at Lexmgton, July 3, 1839 ; waa afterwards 
removed to West Newton, and fiimlly established at Framingham. The new sohool- 
bonae in Framinghom was dedicated Dec. 15, 1853. Mr, Cyrus Peirce was the trst 
teacher. Rev. 8. J. ^fay succeeded him in 1842^ Mr. May resigned Aug. 30, 1844, 
and Mr. Peirce re-entered the school Sept 3€, of the same year, Mr. P. again resigned 
m April, 1849, and Rev. Eben. 8. Stearns succeeded him in May following, Mr. Steams 
resigned m Sept*, 1866, and was immediately succeeded by Mr. Geor|^ N, BigeloM, 
the present Principal. Hon. Joiiiah Quiney, Jr. presided at the collation, which was 
•erred in the Agricultoral Building, after the exercises in the church. Speakers, Mrs, 
Geo. N. Walton, of lAwrence, Rev, Charles Brooks, of Medford, Rev. Mr. May, lie\, 
Mr* Steamsi closing with a poem, Geo, B. Emerson, Ex-Governor Woshhum, Mr. 
Quincji Prof. Zachoa and others. 

Ratmowd, N. H,— a centennial celebration took place in this town, July 4th, Capt. 
B. Cram was Chief Marshal. The Northwood Band was employed. The Caadia Band 
oome too. A fine company of cavalry, under Capt. J. S. James, and a company of 
artillery, under Capt Oriiila, did escort duty, Benj. Pwr, Esq., was Presidcait. Rev. 
O. W. Sargent conducted the religious services. The Act of Incorporation was read. 
The Historical address was by W. S. Abbott, Esq. After the collation, short speeches 
followed. Letters were read from di'^tinguished invited guests, and there was a review 
of the troops by Col. Peter Sanborn, of Concord. Fireworks, in the evening, cloeed 
the interesting performances. 

CEimsfinAL AtTKivEBSA&T OF THie TowK OF Lakcastek, N. H.— The people of 
Luioai^er, N. H., celebrated on the Hth of July, 1864. the hundredth aimiveriNiry of 
the incorporation of their town. It is the shire town of Coos county. The celebra- 
tion wis intended to have taken place a year earUer, but varioxis obstacles prsvented. 
Under the efficient direction and management of CoL Henry O. Kent, editor of the 



i 



172 



Centeftnial and other Celebrations, 



[April, 



Coot County Hapuhficafit the ttirangenieiits "were perfected and the annjrenaiy duly ob- 
Mrred. According to the cliarter, the towu wus gruutcdi on the rceommendiitioxi of 
Gov. Beniiing \Ve«tworth, to Ciipt. Bavid Page tmd iixty-nme others, July 5, 1763. 

Prayer was offered by Rev* iJnvid Perry, and a mng entitled ** Welcome Home," 
written by CoL Kent, tbllowed. The cliartCT of the town was next read by Ofisuin 
Ray. The glee club Bang ♦• Our Laiicuster/' vTitten for the occasion by Mrs. B. C\ 
Blade. Hon. David H. Mason^ of Boston, delivered the Historical addresfi. Hon, £. D. 
Hilton of Milwaukee, was the ncxX speaker. The cxcrciwes of the church having been 
finishcti the conipany, numberiugf berweeu two and three thousand i>eople, repaired to 
tho ground adjoining, where tables hud been bounCifally spread in n grove con- 
utrucied of erergreeu tree% conveyed there for the purpose and covered with maple 
boughs as a shield frotn thu sun. After the feiwti the toastn were respcmdwi to by 
CoL Nelson UrOM, ot the 1st I^ng Island regiment^ Edward D. Ilolton, of Blilwaukee. 
CoL Kent, Jared I« Willittma, and Rot, Win, B. Jocelyn, of Berlin, Vt. Letten were 
rend from Gov. Gihnore, Gov. Andrew, Hon, A. H. Cragin, Major Gen, Fosttr, E. 
B, Moore ot Boston, and others, A social levee at the Tohti Hall, in the evening, was 
largely attended, and upeeches made by Nathl Wilson, of Oroao, Me., uid John B. 
Brown, of l*ortland, 

BaowN University Ciktbnhial, Providence, Rhode Islaxd. — The lOOth anni* 
vcraary of the foundation of BrowTi X'niversity was ct^lebrated at Providence, R. I., 
Sept, '6th, 1864, witli appropriate ceremonies. From a sketch of the history and 
organization of the University* publiuhed by the Executive Board, we find that Broivn 
University owes if* origin to a sug^-stion which the Rev. Morgan Edwards, pastor of 
the First Baptist Church in Philadelphia, made to the Philadelphia Baptist Association^ 
and the Rev. Jas, Mtmiiiiig, a graduate of the College of New Jersey, was sent to New- 
jwrt by them to confer with the eitiieenjj of the colony on the subject. A charter was 
obtained in 17H-1. lu 1765, Mr. Manning was chosen President of the College* The 
first eoraraenceraent took place in Warren, in 1769. Seven students graduated. In 
1770 the foundations of the ** Old Coll^/' University HaB, were laid at Provkience* 
The immediate Buooessora of President Manning were Rev. Jonathan Maxcy, Rev, Aia 
MesacT, and Rer. Francis Waylaud. During President Messer'a term of olfice the name 
of the college was changed to Brown University. During tlmt of Dr. Wayland, Man- 
ning and Rhode Island Halls were erected, and the library much inereasetf. In 1855, 
Dr* Wnyland resigned the Presidency and Dr. Bamaa Sears was elected as his sucees- 
wir. The whole number of graduates is about 2200, of whom about 1400 ore living. 
About one fourth of the number have been ordained as ministers. 

Alter prayer by the Chaplain of the day, Rev. Joel Hawes, D,D.» of Hartlbrd, the 
Centennial Ode written by the lit* Eev. Bii!^hop Burgeas, of Maine, waa sung, Froii« 
dent Sears then delivered the Centennial Address, which occupied about two h(mr% 
and was chiefly hij^todraL 

The Centennial dinner took place in a large tent, Hon. John H. Oliflbrd, Ptesldeiit 
of the Day, pronounced an elot|uent address. Horatio Gates Jonesi Esq*, of Phila- 
delphia, Ex-Presidcnt Waylaud, Prof, Goldwin Smith, of Ojcford Universit}', Eng* 
land, Hon. S, P. Chaijc, of Ohio, Chief Justice Ames, of Rhode Island, Major General 
Bumside, and George William Curtis, of New York, responded. A poem was read 
by Charles J. Thurber, of Ne^v York, and another was read by Mr, AngeB, written 
by Major John Hay, of Washington, D, C. 

Bi-CsNTKiTKi^L CaxBOBATTOK AT Nbw Bbupobo, Mass, — The cdehration of the 
200lh anniversary of the incorporation of the ancient town of Dartmouth took place 
at New Bedford, Sept, 14th, with appropriate ceremonioi. In 16G4, the *' trade of land 
caUed and known by the name of AcoHhcna, Ponagansctt and Cotiksctt, was allowed 
by the Court to bee a townshipe, to bee henceforth called and known by tlie name of 
Dartmouth." The villages which then formed the towTi of Dartmouth now constitute 
the towns of Dartmouth, Westport, Fairhaven and Acushnet, and the city of New 
Bedlbrd. Under the direction of the five above named municipalities the cemnoniea 
were conducted. 

After the singing of a hymn, prayer was offered by Rev. Wm. J. Potter, of tho 
Unitarian church in New Bedford, late Chaplain in the army. An Introductory Ad* 
dress by Hon. George Howlsnd, Jr., Mayor of New Bedford, followed* TJie choir 
tlien sang the *• Batde Hymn of the Republic," after which W, W. Cmpo, of New 
Bedford, delivered an historical address. An historical poem was read by James B. 
Congdon. Dinner was served in the City HaB, where after responding to appropriate 
» and the reading of letters &om distingi&iahed gentlemen, oa address pre* 



I 



1865.] 



Centennial and other Celdrrations. 



173 



pared for transntiBEioii to the town of DartmoutbL, England, ^'as read by Mr. Congdotif 
th« poet of the da^r, 

BAX.F Ckcttjut Sermon bt the Kbv, Pebsebtbb Smxth^ op Wabwick, Masi. — 

\ On the IStliof Oct4>ber, 1864, by invitatioii of his old pariah, over which he was aeitkd 

\ tliirtjr years, the Key* Preserved Smithy now reaidmg in Orccnficldf went to Warwick 

and preached a aermoa on the fiftieth afmiversary of hin ordination, which took placo 

Oct. 12th, 1814- Two very appropriatL? original hymna wtare composed for the 

occaaion by a grand-daughter of Sir. Smith's immediate predcces4ior» the Rev, 

tl^* Beedt and sung with good effixt by the choir. The Scriptures were read 

! hj the Rev. John Qoldabury* The devotional exeniuiea were conducted by the Kevs. 

4. F, Moors and Alpheus Harding, the latter clcrgjintin being eighty-four yean oid, 

A collation followed, and abort speeches were made by several gentlemen. 

The diacourae by Rev, Mr. Smith has sinoe been published in a pamphlet form, 
{pp. 26), with an appendix* Orecnield. 1S&4, 

CoiotKxoiLATTON OP THB CoNQUMT OF New Nbthbhlani>, — The bi- Centennial 
celebration by the New York Historical Society of the Contjueat of New Netherland, 
took place at the Cooper Institute in Ne^v York City, Oct, 12th, 1861, The President 
of the Society » Fred, De Peyeter, made some introductory renuu-ks. Dr. De Witt then 
oflfered prayer, after which the President introduced the orator of tlie occasion, John 
RookeyB Brodhead, Esq^ who gave them an able and interei^ting hlstorkal addre^a, 
ChtUan C Verplanck, Esq. proposed a vote of thanks to Mr, Brofihead for hia address, 
and to lequeat a copy of it for publication. The Hon, George Bimcroft seconded the 
▼oto^ which waa unanimooaly adopted. The benediction was then pronounced by Dr. 
De Witt, and the meeting adjourned to the rooms of the New York lfi»torical Society* in 
Eeeond Avenue, where a pleasant reception was given by the members of the Society 
to their &ienda, dosing with an elegant repast. Speeches were made during the 
trrening by the President, A, B, Street^ of Albany, P, Dawson^ of Buffalo, and 
Oen. John Cochrane. 

A Hiur Cbntitrt Pastohjlte is Medway; Mabs. — The W^est Paris»h in Medway 
celebrated, with their pastor^ the Rev. Jacob Ide, D.D., on the 2d of Nov,, 1864, the 
fiftieth annivia-sary of his settlement among that people. The eervicea were opened in 
the church at 10»30» A. M,, with devotional exercises by Rc%'s. Messrs. Sanford and 
Brigham ; and ati original hymn, llio Bennon by l}t. Ide occupied two houre, with 
an interval of ainging. Dr. Ide has attended 176 councils ; publitibed thirty or forty 
► acrmona, besides etUtiDg Dr. Emmons's (his father- in -law) works ; 1ms preached, in 
the Rupply of his own pulpit, over five thousand discouraea (how many he has pre- 
pared he could not say) ; hoa delivered twenty- seven ordination or inaluLiation BCr- 
mons, and baa declined seven other invitations ; has solemn iaed four hundred and 
thirty- three marriages ; ofiiciated at five hundred and ton baptisms, and jseven hundred 
and forty-three funerals. He has instructed forty- three theological Btudcnu, 

Prayers by Revs, Messrs, Dowse and Harding closed the morning and opened the 
afternoon services. The afternoon ejccrciscs were a Poem by Hon. Charles Thurber, 
of Brooklyn, N. Y. ; speeches by Rev. David Sanford, Rev. J. C, Webster, Prof, 
Park, Rev. A. L. Stone, D.D,, Martin Moore, Dr. Anderson, J. T. Tucker, Nehemiah 
Adazaa, D.D., H, M, Dexter, Mills, Bamey, Brigham, Jacob Ide, Jr., Alexis Ide, and 
Prat Ahner liorae. 

Ojm ttUN^DBBD AXD FIFTIETH AnXIYEBSA-RY OP THZ SETTLEMENT OF TKB RlV. 

JoeEFH Avert as the fiust Misistbb is Nobtow, Mass. — This celebration took place 
Nov, 17. After prayer, reading of the Scriptures, and singing of '* Pleyer» Hymn," 
the old church covenant was rc^td by the pastor, Rev, Mr. Potter, afu*r which prayer 
was oifcrcd by Rey. Asorekh M. Bridge, of Hampton Falb. Addresses followed from 
Rev. C. H, Brigham, of Taunton, Rev. Mr. Bridge, and Rev. W. P. Tilden, of Boston, 
Interesting letters were read, among tliem one from Rev. G, P, Clark, of Stow, the 
author of the History of Norton , who was the minister of the church for about ten 
jeara. The Bcrvices, which continued near three hours, were intcrapcTsed with singing, 
and closed with prayer. A fine dinner was served in the town hall, and in the even- 
ing a good entertainment of tableaux and music was given by the young people. 

FimBTB Akiotbrsart op thr Dedication of the Niw South Church, Bobtos, 
— ^Tbe eemi-eentemual anniversary of the dedication of this church, on ** Chinch 
Gfeen,** was celebrated on Chriatmas day, Dec, 25, IBG4, in the forenoon. 
Vot XIX. 15'^ 



174 



Beaihi, 



[April^ 



The firit knoum racetav; of the proprietors of the New South Chtirch was held at 
the tava-n called ** The Bull," in Summer street, near the mtersection of Summer and 
what is now called Federal street, on tlie 14tb of July, 1715^ On the 20th Septem- 
ber, of the same year, they pptitioned the aelectmen of Boston for a parcel of land 
called •♦ Church Green," for the purpose of erectmg a church thereon, 1 he pctitioof •] 
was fiigrned by Samuel Adams and thirteen others, llie house was dedicated Jan. Sf 
1717. Rev. Benj. Wadsworthi of the " Old South," and Cotton Mather, of the " Old 
North," each deliver^ a sermon which was printed. Rev. William P. Tilden, thi 
tenth and present paator, was settled in 1862. Rev- Orville Dewey, D,D,, his prede 
cessor, was settled in 1857, retired in 1862. Rev. Dr. Dewey succeeded Hev. ^Vlexande 
Young, D.D., who died Iklarch 16, 1854, m the 30th year of his rainistry. For othcs _ 
interesting particulars concerning the church and its pastors, see Drue's Hitt&rf/ of • 
Boitoif, pp. 661-2, Tlie present edifice was dedicaU-d Dec. 25), 1814, niocty-seven 
yeai*5 after the erection of the former one. 

The services on the occasion consisted of music and singing by the choir ; Invoca- 
tion Eind scripture readings by Rev. Edward J. Young, of Newton, «on of Rev. Dr, 
Young, a former pastor ; prayer by Rev. Mr. Tilden ; original hi.'mn by Rev. NathftnJcl 
L, Frothingham, D.D. ; discourse by Rev. George E. Ellis. fa,D., 'of Chftrlestowii« 
from the text in Isaiah 64, II — ** Our holy and our beautiful house where our fathers 
praised thee ; " prayer ; ** Old Hundred ; " benediction. The preacher devoted hi* 
remarks chiefly to historical reminiscences and the aasociationB of the olden lime — the 
church, its pastors, its worshippers — and detailed many facta connected with the early 
habits and mstoms of the people. 

This interesting discourse by Rev, Dr, Ellis, with notes, has been printed by Dutton 
& Son, Boston, 8vo. pp. 42, The order of services, a brief notice of the ehu7ch 
and its pastors, and a wood cut of the cdificci are appended. 

Fiftieth Annivehaary op the Settlement op Rev. Joseph Fitlp, D.D„ at 
WirroK, Mass. — Thb celebration took place Feb. 1, 1865, The exercises comraeneed 
at 12, M, Selections from the Scriptures by President Hill, of Harvard CoUi^* 
Prayer by Rev. Dr. Allen, of Northboro** A discourse followed by Rev. Dr. Fieldf 
which was closed with remiimioenceg and statistics of his long and bappy connec- 
tion with his people. A hymn ivrittcn by Rev. E. S. Seaw, of Wnyland, was then 
song. Mr. Seara delivered an address setting forth the earlier history of the church in 
Weston, previous to the settlement of Dr. Field. Another hymn was sung, snd the 
exercises closed with prayer by Rev. J, B, Wight, of Wayland. 

The Society with invited guests aasembled afterwards in the Town Hall, where 
refreshments were provided. A hymn was ffung, and brief addresses made by Rev. 
Dra. Hill, Allen and Ellis, and Rer, Messrs. H inkier, Livermore and others ; prayer 
by Rev. Mr. ScwalL 



DEATHS. 



CoRBT, Captt Solomon, South Maiden, 
Mass., died 27 January, 1865, le. 73. 
He was the descendant in the sixth 
generation of William^ Corey, who, 
already a £reeman of Portsmouth, was 
admitted a freeman of the Colony of R. 
I. and Prov. Plantations, 18 May, 1658, 
uid who was Deputy from Portsmouth to 
the Oeneral Assembly fur the three years, 
1678-80. His will, dated 4 Jan.. 1681, 
names his wife Mary and nine children, 
the aeoond of whom, William* of FoTts- 
mouth, was admitted a freeman. May, 
1684, and was Deputy to the General 
Assembly in 1690. Hm son, Bciyamin,' 
lived at Dartmouth, and afterwards re- 
moved to Tyrrel Co., N. Carolina, where 
he died about 1750. Benjamin,* Ben- 
jamin,* mamed Prudence, daughter of 



Solomon and Patience (Ray) Pcndier 
and died about 1800, aged about 45. 
His widow died in 1804, a^ed 38. They 
bad one son, the subject of this sketch* 
and three daughters. Penelope, ma 

ried Swain, of N, C, and died tij 

Kingston, Mass., 21 June, 1819; Mary/ 
died April, 1813 ; Betsey, died 1802. 

Solomon* Corey was bom near Wind- 
sor, in Bertie Co., N. C, 4 Nov., 179L 
After the dcatli of his parents, a kind Pro- 
vidence found him a friend and guardian 
in Capt. Peter Winsor, who brought him 
to Kingston, Mass., where he found a 
home m the family of his warm-hearted 
protector. The kind care which the 
almost friendless boy received was al- 
ways remembered by him witli emotion* 
of groUtade and love. He matxied at 



1866.] 



DeatJis. 



175 



Kingston, 21 June, 1812, Charlotte De- 
lano, bom 16 March, 1706, only daugh- 
ter of Peter aad Charlotte rDelano) 
Winsor, who ia now living at bo. Mai- 
den. The greater part of hia life was 
ftjicnt tipoo the ilea ; and, as maatcr of 
the brig ** Caxenove," it U ftaid, he made 
tlie Toyage from Boston to Smjma in 
twcnty*MTen day* — one of the quickest 
puaagea on record. He retired from 
actiTe life, about 1840, to his home at 
8o. Maiden, whither he bad removed 
his family in 1828| where in the quiet 
and kindly exerciae of his duties as 
neighbor and friend* he enjoyed the es- 
teem of all around him. Uis lust sick' 
ness, unusually severe and painful, wblji 
marked by a patient resignation that was 
eminently characteristic of his whole life. 

Solomon and Charlotte D. Corey had 
«leTcn children, eight of whom, six sons 
and two daughters, are now liring. 
n, p. c. 
I Jaicss, Lieut. Lyman, of Eam Boston, 
Co. E., 3d Mass, Cavalry, mortally 
wounded while in the performance of 
duty at the battle of Cedar Creek, Va,, 
Oct. 19— died Dec. 6, 1864* 

Lieut. James was cousin to Adjutant 
Steams whose memoir has been so wide- 
ly circulated ; and in some respects the 
fliharacters of these young men nre not 
diaatmilar, Lieut J. entered the army 
18 a private £rom motives of duty and 
patriotism, and by gallautr)' and faith- 
fulness earned promotion. During the 
last year, the disability of imperiora de- 
Tolved the command of his company 
chiefly upon him. Pie was with hiti 
f^gimeot in twelve battles, ijac! tiding 
those attending the siege of Port Hud* 
•on* the Bed River Exi^edition, the bat- 
tle of the Wilderness and the battle of 
Cedar Creek, in which last^ he fell, just 
when the gallant Sheridan had ioougu- 
rated victory. How well he bore himself 
in his responsible position is told in the 
commentaries of his men. ** A sjplendid 
soldier " — »» The flower of his regiment " 
— ** Always wh^e duty required " — 
««Ab an officer so unassuming"*— **A 
Bfmomr soldier never lived,'* ♦' nor a truer 
man,*' are some of the tenns in which 
they eulogize his name. But not ss a sol- 
dier alone doea he deserve to be remem- 
bered. He was a Christian hero as well. 
In the church, more than in the array^ 
Ilia works praise him* Commencing life 
among strangers, In a western city, he 
toiled for Christ, gathering around him 
m large Sunday Sfiool composed wholly 
of the otherwi^ neglected ; — and in 
all acts of Christian charity and proprie- 
ty, so commending himself as to win the 
appellation of **A model youn^ man.'* 



NawcASTLE, Henry-Pelliam Fiennes-Fel- 
hom-Clinton, 6th Duke o^ at Clumber' 
ber Park, Eng., Oct. 18, 1864, a, 63. 

He was a descendant, in the 8th gene* 
ration, from Sir Edward Clinton, a 
younger brother of Thomas, third Earl 
of Lincoln T whose family was so inti- 
motely connected with the Massachu- 
setts Colony, Thomas Dudley, one of 
its early governors, having been steward 
to his son Theophilus, the fourth Earl 
(cfiir^, X. 134) ; and two of his daught«n, 
Arabella and Susan, having emigrated 
to New England with their husbands. 
The male line of Thomas, Earl of Lin- 
coln, became extinct at the death of Ed- 
ward, the fifth Earl, in 1692, and the 
earldom reverted to this branch of the 
family. The descent of the late Duke 
of Newcastle from Sir Edward Clinton, 
was through — Francis ; ' Sir Francis* 
Fiennes,a 6th Earl of Lincoln ; Henry,* 
7th Earl ; Henry,* 9th Earl, who added 
tlie surname, Pelham, and succeeded the 
uncle of bis counters as the 2d Duke of 
Newcastle ; Thomas,* 3d Duke and 10th 
Earl i and Henry- Pelhara,' 4tli Duke 
imd nth Earl, his father, whom he suc- 
ceeded Jan. 12, 185 L He visited this 
country in I860, in company with the 
Prince of Wales. 

He was the eldest of the six sons of 
Henry by his wife Georgitma Elizabeth, 
daughter of the late Edward Miller 
Mundy, M,P., of Shipley Hall, Derby- 
shire. He was born in Charles street, 
Berkeley -square, on the 2 2d of May, 
1811, and was educated at Eton, and 
Christ Church, Oxford, where he took 
the iisual B.A. degree in 1832. 

PnE SCOTT, Josioh, M.D., Parmington, 
Me., Oct. 5, 1864, a. 7& y, I ra. 3 d. 
He was the 3d son and 0th ch. of Jede- 
diah Prescott and wife Sarah Mor- 
rill, of Winthrop, Me., where he was b, 
Sept. 2, 1786. His paternal descent was 
from James Prescott ' (wife Mary Boul- 
ter)t of Hampton, N» H., lG6d, from 
which he was of the 5th generation^, 
through John* (wife Abigail Morston), 
Jedediah' (wife Hannah Baclielder, 
great grand-daughter of llev, Stephen 
Bachelder, ftrst minister of Hampton), 
and Jedediah, Jr.* (wife Sarah Morrill 
as above), 

Dt, Prescott studied medicine, which 
he completed at Dartmouth College un- 
der the instruction of the late eelebrsted 
Nathan Smith, M.D., where he received 
his medical degree in 1810, He settled, 
first at Farmington, Me,, where three of 
hij chddren were bom. He then re- 
moved to Belfast, Me., where one ch, 
was bom, thence to Winthrop, Me., 
from which place he returned again to 



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Farmmgton, where hi» 5th and youngest 
child was bom in 1833. In all these 
places* he was a popular, Bucceseful and 
bcloTcd Physician* 

He was elected for many years a mem- 
ber of the House, and of the Senate, in 
the LegiHlatnre of Maine, and' in 1820 an 
Klector of President and Vice President 
of the U, States. 

Dr. Prescottra., Nov. 2<, 1812, Mary, 
dau of Jofeiah French, of Winlhrop, Mc, 
who was b. in Dunstable, now Natihua, 
N. H., Jan, 17, 1787, and who, with 5 
children (two aona and three daugh- 
ters), survive him* w. f. 
Smzth, Adjutant Myron W., died at Che* 
Bapeako Hospital, Fortreaa Monroe, Va*, 
Oct. 6, 1864, of a WDUnd through the 
ohest by a aharp -shooter, after the re- 
pulse of the rebels at Fort Harrison, 
Chap in* B Farm, near Hiolmiotid, Sept. 
dOth« a. 26 years and 1 1 days. He was 
the youngest son of Dr* Lyndon A. and 
Mrs. Frances Louisa Smithy of Newark, 
N. J., grand-son of tbe late Rev, Ethan 
Smith, and the Eer. Edward B. QrilSn, 
D.B*, and great grand-son of the Rev, 
David Sanfbrd, and the Rev. Joseph 
Huntington, D.D. He was born in 
Newark, Sept. 24, 1838 ; gmduau^d at 
Rutgers College, l8o8 ; studied law in the 
office of Joseph P. Bradlee, Esq., of New- 
ark, and was admitted to tht- bar in 1 86 L 
He entered the army, in June, 1863 ; 
was commisaioned First Lieut, and Ad- 
jmtiint of tbe First Regiment United 
States colored troops, in which post he 
had been on active duty, Mith tlic ex- 
ception of a twenty day's furlough, till 
the time U hia death. His last words 



were, ** I die in a glorious cause.*' See 
Book notice, page 192. 
VosE, Mrs. Lydia Cushing, in Robbinston, 
Me., Jan. 22, J 869, ag^ 66 years and 
3 mos; wife of Peter Thacher Vose, 
and daughter of Capt. EUphalet Buck 
and Sarah (^Cole) Buck, She was bom 
in HftverhiU. Mass,, Oct, 17, 1799, and 
while a child rnnoved with her parents 
to Eaatport, Mc„ where she resided until 
her marriage, Feb. 9, 1820. Her mo- 
ther was dan. of Pbineaa Cole (son of 
Samuel Cole and Bethiah Hardr of 
Bradford) and Abiah (Haseltine) Cole. 
Her father, who was bom in Haverhill, 
Oct. 10, 17G4, was the son of Jacob 
Buck, of K, bom June 10, 1731, ■nd 
Hannah Fames, of Boxford, bom Sept. 
30, 1728» who were married May 7, 1762, 
by **John Cufthtng, P^tor.** Jacob 
was the son of EbeneEcr Buck, bom 
May 20, 1689, in Woburo, and Judith 
Wood, 2d wife momcd Feb. 21» 
1722-3» and removed to Haverliill about 
1723. His &-st wife was Lydia Ames. 
Ebenezer was son of Ephmim Buek, 
bom in Cambridge, Mit^., July 30^ 
1646, who settled in that part of Wobora 
'which is now caUed Wilmington, and 
mar. Sarah Brooks, Jan» 1,1671. He 
was son of RogtT Buck, who came from 
En Inland in 1638| and settled in Cam- 
bridge, Mass., in 1643. Wife Susanna 
^who died Sept* 10, 1086* Roger was 
(probably) son of William Buck, who 
came OTcr in ship ** Increase," aged 60, 
and died Jan. 24, 1668. 

She was a good woman^ one who 
loved God, and labored to be faithful in 
aB the relations of life. f. s. t» 



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NEW ENGLAND HISTORIC-GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY. 

[Prepared by Wm. B, Tiusk, Hbtorlographer of the Sodety.] 

TBATBit, Qideon French, a resident member, died at Eeene, N. H., March 27, 1864, 
». 71. He was bom in Waltham, Mass., Sept 21, 1793 ; was tbe son of Zipheon' 
end Susanna (Boind) Thayer. Zipheon< died at Brookline, Man** after a lingering 
nineas, May 18, 1804, a. 36 ; he was the son of Jedidiah,^ who was son of Eben- 
atir,4 who was son of Ebenexer,^ tbe son of Thomas," who was son of Thomas.^ of 
Bcaintree. (See Vimion Mem&riat, 361-364 ; Bond's Waterioim, 70, 71.) 

A memoir of Oideou French Thayer, by his successor in tbe Chatmcy-Hall School^ 
Thomas Cushing, A.M>, will be found in this number, pp. 149-164. He became 
a tnember of the Society in 1669. 

Hoirrootf, Rev. Benjamin, a resident member, died in Canton, Mass., April 19. 
1S64, a. 71. He was born in Salisbury, N. H., Nov. 28, 1792 ; was the son of Benja- 
mm, and Mehitable (Page) Euntoon, the ion of Benjamin, who was the son of Phihp, 
tf Xinptef K* H, Savage says, " William Hunton, Hamptou, 1064, perhaps had 



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Philip, who U seen in New HAmpflhire, 1689/' It appears that the early aettlera 
wrote the name with a single o. 

The early life of Mr, Huutoon was passed on his father^a farm» He oomnienced his 
•cademical Ftiidies preparatory to entering college, at the academy in SaUabury, and 
[ una graduated at Dartmoath College in 1817. During all this time he supported him- 
f ftelf by teaching school. He had the ninth appointment in the graduating exercifiea, 
which was a dialogue Mith Mr, Benjamin Woodbury, Who was his college chum, on 
the question — •♦ Which of the learned professiona is mora favorable to literary emi- 
, nence, Divinity or Law ? '* Mr. Huntoon taking the Bide of Dirinity, After leaving 
' eolic^ he taught the Academy in his native town» until 18 19* wlien he entered upon 
' the atudy of Divinity at Andover Theological Seminaryr ai^tl soow commenced his 
I fmiaration for the mmistry. In the spring of 1820» hia health failings he removwl to 
I Boaton, and took charge of an Academy in Salem street. Wiile carrying on this 
I tdiool he was invited to the ministry of the First Congregational Church in Canton^ 
^MoBS., and was ordained Jan- 30, 1822, Rev, John Fierce, of Brooklint\ preaching the 
xmon, and Rev, Henry Ware, Jr,, of Boston, giving the Right Hand of Fellowahip. 
[He beeame widely and favorably known as a moat earnest worker and eloquent 
^pmeher. In the latter part of the year 1829^ he was called upon to preach tlie Bcr- 
I Snon at the dedication of a new Unitarian church in Bangor, Me. The society pre- 
* vailed upon him to form a connection with them, and he was accordingly installed at 
Bangor in June, 1830. In this then almost isolated position^ demanding arduous labors, 
his health ftgain Ik ilctl him. In the fall of 1833, he asked and received a dismission 
k from that church, and spent the winter in Savannah^ Georgia, preaching to the Units* 
mn Society there. In 1834. he returned to the North with je- invigorated health, and 
! was installed over the First Congregational Church in Milton, Oct. lo, 1834. Again, 
m, account of failing health, he was obliged to resip his charge^ and passed the winter 
In the then tar west, preaching at Peoria, UL^ and m Chicago. In the spring of 1837, he 
was inTited to settle in Cincinnati, Ohio, where he remained one year. In June, 1838| 
lie went to Peoria, where he remained preaching to the First Unitarian church there, 
tmtil August, 1840, when he was invited by the Church in Canton where he had been 
first ordained, to return, and he was accordingly re- installed at Canton, March 13, 
1841. In 1849, he resigned the pastorate, and went lo Marblehead, and became pas- 
tor of the Second Con^egational Society in that plaee* In 1866, his health failing, 
lie left that place, and m May, 1850, took charge of the Parish in Winchendon, M'here 
be remained until Nov. 8, 1857. In April, 186Q, he was installed over the Society in 
i,Westboro\ but his health continuing to fail, he was forced to relinquish his charge in 
February, 1860, In the fiiTl of that year, having a desire to return to the place where 
be bad been first ordained to tlie ministry, and where he had passed so many happy 
yean, he returned to Canton, and reStted and repaired his old house. Here he spent 
the declining years of his life, blessed with the love and fellowship of those who had 
known and revered him in his earlier days, a constant worshipper and an occasional 
preacher in the church which was erected through his exertions in the first years of 
bis minis try « Here was the first home of his manhood, full of tender and hkllowed 
I ttsaociations and remembrancer. Here he iuid consecrated and helped to adorn the 
cemetery whca-e the forms of many of hia flock and his household are laid. And here^ 
1 ttmidst cherished n^membrauees, sustained by Chiistinn faith and Christian hope, anr- 
itnmded by loving frlendM, and watched with devoted and affectionate care, he con- 
I tmued in feeble and declining health, until on the morning of Sunday » April i9th, 
' lie was suddenly smitten with paralysis, passing gently away, and entered on his rest 
\ and reward. 

Mr, Huntoon was an active and sealous laborer in the cause of human brotherhood. 
iMx recognized and steadfastly maintained the rights of all men. His soul overflowed 
f with afif&tionate tenderness towards all with whom he came in contact ; his noble 
ituze manifested itself In obliging deeds. How truly he adorned his profesaion ^ 
I liow beautifally lived the Christian life ! 

Rev. Dr. Thompson, of Jamaica Plain, at the funeral, ipoke of him as having been 
[-one peculiarly fitted to bo a pioneer in the advance of liberal Christianity. His ser- 
"(Oes were sought for by the infant churches in every part of the country. There was 
I earnestness of personal, vital piety, an animated hopefulness, and an enthusiasm 
f of manner, which gave great power and e&ect to all his pulpit labors. He was a 
I member of the Masonic Fraternity upwards of 40 years — vms Grand High Priest of Ijie 
I Grand Royal Arch Chapter of Mas^iachusetts in 1849, 50 and ol ; afterwards a Grand 
I Warden of the Grand Lodge. He was one or more years Hieh Priest of Momat 
JSkm Chapter at Stoughlon. He connected himself with the Hist. Gen. Society in 1860. 
Mr. Huntoon delivered many occasional discourses and addrcsaea, some of which 



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i published. Among them—Sermcm at Dedioatioit of the Church erected bj the 
Second Congregational Society in North Bridgewater^ August 9, 1826 j Address at 
the Inatallation of the Officers of Mount Zion Lodge, Stoughton, 15 Dec*, 1828 ; Ser- 
mon at Installation of liev, Wm. Farm or, Augusta, Me,, 1831 ; Sermon at Re-openinf 
and Dedication of the Church of the Pirst Congregational Parish, Milton, Dec. 9^ 
1635 ; Eulogy ddivered by the request of the Grand Lodge of Muasacbudetts at the 
funeral ftervices in commemoration of Eev» Thaddeua Ma4on HarriBt D.D.^ and Samuel 
Thaxter, at the Masonic Temple in Boston, May 4th, 1842. In a note to the latter pub* 
lication (page 6), he says :-^^* The Rev. Dr. liacris was Moderator of the Boston Min- 
isterial As^ociaUon, at the time X was approbated to preach ; gave the text for the 
•ermon of examination ; and invited me to preach for Mm the next Sabbath, which 
invitation wa» accepted, and my drst senuon was delivered in his Meeting Houae. 
When I ^aa settled at Ciuiton, Dr. Uarris made the prayer of ordination^ m thi» Ml 
of 1333, Dr. Harris and lady were passengers with me in tlie atune vosael to Charles* 
ton, S, C, whence we repaired to Savannah, Georgia, and passed most of the winter 
in tiuit d«?lightful city, in the pursuit of health, and spent much time togethes- in 
Tisiting those places in its vicinity, remarkable for their singular beautVi and patriotie 
recollections. Here was commenced the coUeetion of the materials for his Life of 
Oglethorpe* In October, 1834, Dr, IIurriA preached my installation sennon at Hiltont 
and the following week attended the funeral of my eldest son, who died the I8th 
of October, three days after my installation*" 

hit. Huntoon married, 1st, Susan Pettini^ at Salisbury, N. H., Sept* 4, 1820. 
She was dau, of Dca. Amos Pettingill, of Salishury, and was bom in that town, Aug. 
la, 1793; died in Peoria» HI., Nov. 8, I83£i. Childraa : Bm\famm Woodburyf dead; 
Ff^odmc Waiker Lincoln; Marceikai John; Isaac Dovmpori; SwofS MehUtile, who 
m. Eev,' John Talmadge Marsh, of Brooklyn, and haa ainoe deoMied ; Befifwnin Bm* 
m^t grad. H* C. 1856, 

He m, 2d, July 7, 1841, Lydia Bowman Baker, of Dorohcster, dau. of Edmund 
Salter. She died at Canton, Oct. 2, 1844 ; had one son, Dan^l Thomfu VoBe, 

He m. 3d» July 30, 1846» Ann Faysoti Lewis, of Roxbury, dau, of Elijah Lewia. 
She 16 still living. 

SnjJMajfp Professor B&^jamin, LL,B<, an Honorary member, died in New Havciu 
Nov* 24, 1864, a. 86, He was a son of Gold SeUeck and Mary Siilunan, and waa bom 
iu North Stratford, now Trumbull, in Connecticut, August 8, 1779. 

Hie SUHman family has resided in Fairfield, Conn., since the early colonial daya. 
There is a tradition in the family, that Daniel Silliman emimted tu this country, from 
Holland, about the middle of the seventeenth centiu'y. Ebenezer, the grand-fathi^ of 
Benjamin, graduated at Yale College in 1727, and Gold Selleck, the fiither, in 1752. 
The latter was a Brigadier General of militia in the KeYolution, and wa£ entrusted for 
a time with the defence of the Long Island coast. In 1775, he married Mary, dau. of 
Rev. Joseph Pish, of Stonington, and the widow of Rev. John Noyes. ITic two 
children of this marriage, Gold Sclleek and Benjamin, became members of the same 
class m college, and liave maintaiuGd thjouah life an intimacy peculiarly fresh au4 
cordial. Gold SeUeck Silliman, tho elder brother, bom in 1777| is stdl living in 
Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Prof. Silliman graduated at Ynle College in 17Q6, and was afterwards employed for 
a short time as instructor in a school in Wethcjsfidd. He studied law ana waa ad* 
nutted to the bar in the county of New Haven in 1902, but probably never followed 
to any extent that profession, as he became a Tutor of the College in 179&, and enterod 
i^Km his duties ai Professor of Chemistry and Natural History in IBQi. In 1653, 
kKving been relieved at hk own request from further service as an iusbTictor, he waa 
dcaignated, by the corporation, Professor etmritut. Thus, during a period of nearly 
three- E|uarters of a century, his name has appeared as a student and teaoher sucoeaaivt*- 
ly on the catalogues of the college. 

In the spring of 1806, Prof. Silliman visited Europe for the piuposc of procuring 
booka and apparatus foi the college, and during the Efteen months h« remained abroad 
b« attended the lectures of the most distinguished professora. On his return he b«™i 
to lecture on mineralogy and geology, in addition to his lectures on ehemiiitry. The 
oourse in the latter science, in early years extended through one hundred and twenty 
le«tme8* In later days it was not so long. ProC Silliman was instrumental m aecur* 
ing to Yale College the entire mineralogical oolleotion of Col, George Gibba* After it 
had remained open to the public fifteen years &om 1810, it was purchased for the sum 
of $20,000. The Clark telescojie, the best glass in the country at the time of its 
pttt^haae, If anotto of the donations to Yale College due to Prof. SilUinaa. The 



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I Trumbull Gallay of Paintings, a eoUcction of priceless Talue, not €>nly fts works of 

|«rt, but aiAO as illustrations of American tiistoiy and blogmpliy, was secured to the 

i through the same inatrmnentolity. He was one of the chief founders of the 

11 association of the college^ and at their atmiversanes and on other occasione, 

f&e WRS, as has been saidi " the atanding * orator ' of the coUege» the princiiwi medium 

^ itw C Eu those who dwelt in the acadeti-kic shade and the great republic," 

In tSIO, he published a " Journal of TraTeb in England, Holland, and Scotland, 
land Two Passages over the Atlantic, in the years 1806 and 1806 ; " and in 1820, 
^m Bcmarks made on a Short Tour between Hartford and Quebec, in Uie autumn of 
S610*'* both of which have passed through several edition ii< He is sleo the author of 
~»BLeinent9 on Chemistry, in the order of the Lectures of Yale College " (1830), and 
I edited '* Henry*B Chemistry,*' and *• Bake well's Geology**' In 1818 he com- 
. the publication of the •» American Journal of Science," which has been con- 
tinued to the present time, and which has been the means of embodying a great 
amoiint of American science, and of communicating to the public important information 
tespecting the resources of the American continent This Journal is well known, and 
pfis Talue justly appreciated, not only in America, but in foreign countries. The history 
[ of this undertaking is given in his own language in the introduction to the dOth or 
[index volume of the First series of the Journal. Besides his regular courses at New 
I Haven, Profi^sor Silliman has lectured in the principal cities of the Union. In 1833 
p lie gave his first popular course on Qeology at New Haven, which was rcpeoted in 
lSd4 at Hartford and Lowell, and in 1835 at Boston and 8alem. From 1840 to 1843 
[ Sndiiaive. he gave four euccessive courses of the *» Lowell Lectures *' in Boston. He 
"i in New Orleans in 18*7, and in other cititt of the South. When he had 
I his 75th year, he made the long journey to St. Louis to deliver a course of lee- 
t before the citizens of that place. The last course he delivered was that before 
[tlie Smithsonian Institute at Washington, in February^ 1852. In 18SI he visited Eu- 
I wope again, the interval between his journeys being nearly 5€ years. Both these visits 
I led to the publication of his observations^ in volumes which were ejctensively read. 
He was made an honorary member of the Society in 1856. 

Prof, SUliman waa a man of vigorous understanding and sound judgment, led on, 
bm not carried away, by an enthusiastic disposition, glowing and constant With 
" ■ I waa asaociftted sterling integrity, which rejoiced in doing and encouraging what- 
r was right. He was afiable and courteous, d ignited in hia manners, and kind. 
Blending with and ennobling hia virtues, was the chEd-like aimplicity of his Christian 
fikh. 

Mr. Silliman has always been remarkable for uniform good health. About the 

middle of November he was for a few days quite unwell, but had to appearance nearly 

1 E«gaised his former strength during the following week, and on Wednesday waa 

[ tntending to join the &mily Thanksgiving festival the next day at the house of his 

I ion-in-lawt Prof. Dana. On the morning of that day, Nov. 24th, he awoke early, 

ftfter a night of quiet Te^U feeling stronger, as he eaid, than he had felt for some days. 

He spoke with his wife of the many rea^^ons there were for thankfulness, both public 

iOld private. As was his custom, while still in his bed, he offered a short prayer, and 

repeated a familiar hymn of praise. In resuming his conversation, before rising, he 

' W^fokjB of the possibility of his attending the public services of the day, of the happi- 

t of his home, of the love of his children, and in strong terms of endearment of his 

i, last as these his last words of love were uttered, there was a sudden change of 

amntenance, a slightly heavier breath, and he was gone. 

Ptot Silliman was twice married ; first, in 1809, to Harriet, dau. of tlie second 
Gov. Trumbull, of Connecticut, the mother of his nine children ; and, again, in IS51, 
to Mrs. Sarah Webb, dau. of John MrClellan. Five children survive him, one eon 
Mid four daughters. All are raorrted ; the eldest daughter to J. B. Church, the seoond 
to Prof. O. P. Hubbard, the third to Prof. J. D. Dona, and the fourth to Rev. E. W. 
GUman. His descendants include twenty-three grandchildren, besides five deeeaeed, 
and two great-grand children. 

EvxRBTT, Hon. Edward, LL«D., a resident member, died in Boston, Jan. 15^ lfl65t 
in the 7 1st year of hL* age. He was bom in Dorchester, April 1 1, 1794; waa the 
third son and fourth child of llev. OUvei» and Lucy (Kill) Everett, and a descendant 
in iht sixth generation from Richardi and Mary Everett, early settlers in Dedham, 
Mmi.* through Capt. John' and Elizabeth (Pepper) Everett ; John^and Mercy (Brown) 
Evtrett \ £benes«»4 and Joanna (Stevens) Everett, who were the parents of Oliver,^ 
llie fbthev of Hon. Edward* Everett {ante, jciv. 215). 

Jldward £vci«tt was baptifl«d in Doirchester, on the second day of his bictb, by 




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[Aprij; 



Rev. Dt. HarriSf the tuccewor of bis uncle, Rev. Moses Everett, HU primuy teacber, 
Miss Lucy Clap, was a daughter of Noah Chip* who for about fifty years vras the 
wordiy town clerk. His home iit the " Five Comers ** was distont about a quarter of 
a mile from the school-room, whither he reported, daily, primer in hand, at the '* val- 
iant age of three years/* He next went to the school on *• Meeting Hou« Hill/* 
Caug^ by Mr« James Blake Howe, a native of Dorchesterr afterward*i an Epi^opal 
clergyman in Claremont^ N. H, Throu;*h the instrumental ity, chiefly, of hi* fatheri 
Hev. Oliver Everett, and a few other friends of education in the north part of the 
town, a new district school-house woj* erected in 1802, on the spot where the ensine 
house *• Tiger, No. 6/' on Boston street, now stands. This was the next building 
south of the house where he, with his elder sister Lucy, fir»t att^?nded school* The 
teacher, Mr. Wilkes Allen, was subsequently, for many yearsj minister at Cbclmafozd* 
** The little orator " was a great fevorite with hia pastor, the Rev. Dr, Harria, who 
wrote for him a poem with the above title, which he recited at one of the public ex- 
hibitions of the school. (See Loring's Hundred Bottom Oratorti page 631.) Soon 
after the death of his father, which occurred on November tlie 19th, 1802, the family 
removed to Boston. In April of the year 18D3, he began, at the ago of nine years, 
to attend the reading and writing schools in North Bennett Street The reading 
school waa under the management of Master Ezekiel Little, and the writing Bchool 
was kept by Master John Tilcston. *• Master Little, in spite of his name," aays 
Mr. Everett, " was a giant In Btature — -six feet four at least — and somewhat wedded to 
the past.*' *' But I acquired under his tuition what was thought in those days a very 
tolerable knowledge of Lindley Murray^a abridgment of English grammar, and at the 
end of the year could parse almost any sentence in the Aracricnn Preceptor/' Master 
Tileston was a writing master of the old Bcbool, *' He put me on the track," Mr* Eve* 
rett Goutinues, " of an acquitsition which has been extremely useful to me in af^ life^ 
— that of a plain legible hand/* He remained at these schools about sixteen montha, 
and on leaving, in 180 1, received the Franklin medal in the English department. He 
then attended a private school, which w*as taught by Mi. Ezekiel Webster, of N. Hamp- 
shire, and, on occasion of his absence, by his younger brother, the Hon, Daniel Webater, 
at that time a student of law in tlie city, at the office of Mr. Qore. He entered the 
public Latin School in Boston, in 1806, hw teacher bdng William Biglow, from which 
school he removed to Exeter Academy^ N. H., in 1807, where he remained six montha, 
entering Harvard College in August of the same year, being then 13 years of age, and 
the youngest of the forty -nine members of his cIolss, On his graduation, in 1811, his 
lubject was ** Literary Evils," and the topic of his oration, when a candidate for the 
degree of Master of Arts, was the ** Bestomtion of Greece.'* In 1812, when 18 ycsrt 
of age, Mr, Everett was appointed Latin Tutor in Harvard College, and delivered a 
poem before the Phi Beta Kappa Society on the •* American Poets," This production 
of his you A was privately printed. The next year, 1813, at 19, he became pastor of 
the Brattle street church in Boston, succeeding the Rev. Joseph Stevens Buckminster, 
and was succeeded by the Rev. John G. Palfrey, D.D. In 1814 he publi.'ihed his 
" De^ce of Christianity," in reply to George B. English, In 1815, when 21 years old« 
Mr* Everett resigned his pastorate and became Professor of Greek Literature in Har- 
vard CoUege, which office he retained until 1825, being about 4 years absent in Europe 
during that period* He became editor of the North American Review in 1820, which 
work he ably conducted until 1824. On the 8th of May, 1822, Mr. Everett manied 
Charlotte Gray, daughter of Hon. Peter C, Brooks, by whom he had three aons 
and four daughters, viz. t Ann Gotham^ bom March 3, 1823, died in London Oct, 18, 
1843 ; Charlotte Brooks, bom Aug. 13, 1825, married Lieut, Henry A. Wise, Aug. 20, 
I860; GrwM W^nUr, born Dec, 24, 1827, died Jan. 7, 1836; Edxcard Brookx, bora 
Hav 6, 1830, married Helen Adams, Oct. 20, 1853 ; a daughter, bom Jan. 30, 1833, 
diea a few days afterwards; Z/ciiry Sidrunj, born Dec. 31, 1834; Wiiiiam^ bora 
Oct, 10, 1889, The mother died July 2, 185ft. In 1824, at the age of 30, Mr. 
Everett delivered the Phi Beta Kappa oration, at Cambridge, being his ftrst great ora- 
tioKi. Gen. Lafayette was present on the occasion, and was beauliftilly apostrophized 
by Mr. Everett, who, in 1834, ten years afterwards, pronounced his eulogy. In 1826, 
lie accepted a seat in Congress as a Representative from Middlescjjc, where he remained 
10 years. In 1836, he became Governor of Massachuactts, and held the olficc for three 
succeeding terms. He waa followed by Judge Marcus Morton, in 1840, who ' waa 
elected by a majority of one vote. In JiinCi 1840, Mr. Everett made his second visit 
to Europe, On the recall of Andrew Stevenson, the Minister to the Court of St. 
James, in 1841, Mr. Everett was appoint^ his succeaaor, by President Fillmare, and 
remained there until the accession of President Polk, in 1845, when he was succeeded 
by Louis McLane, He was inaugumted President of Harvard College, April 30, 1840p 



I 



I 



a 



1 865.] N. E. HistariciGenealogical Society. 181 

Hon. Joslah Quincy having previously resigned. Mr. Everett was compelled by the 
state of his health to resign the office of President, and was succeeded by Jared Sparks, 
June 20, 1849. In 1848, he delivered an eulogy on John Quincy Adams. On the 
death of Danid Webster, Mr. Everett became, in I8d2, his successor as Secretary of 
State in the national cabinet^ and in 1853 succeeded Hon. John Davis as United States 
Senator, which office he resigned in May, 1855. On the 22d of February, 1856, he 
delivered an oration on Washington ; an address before the Provident Association, 
Dec 22, 1857 ; on the early days of Franklin, Jan. 17» 1859 ; he eave a tribute to 
Rnfus Choate in July, and a discourse on Webster Sq)t. 17th of the same year. In 
1860, he was nominated for the Vice Presidency of the United States ; deUvcrcd an 
address before the Union Club, and gave his fSunous Gettysburg oration, in 1863. He 
delivered his great political speech in Faneuil Hall, Oct 19th, 1864, and was made 
Presidential Elector the same year. His orations, eulogies, addresses and lectures 
before various institutions, widi his public speeches, are numerous. Many of. them 
are collected and published in three vdumes, the first volume of which was first issued 
in 1836. 

A true nobility of heart was manifested by Mr. Everett in his persevering exertions 
in behalf of Mount Vernon and of the sufierers in East Tennessee. His last public 
effort was a patriotic address in Faneuil Hall, in aid of the citizens of Savannah, 
Jan. 9, 1865, six days before his sudden decease. 

Mr. Everett was for several years President of the American Antiquarian Society, 
was \ioe President of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, a member of the 
Massachusetts Historical Society, the New York Historical Society, the New England 
Hist. Gen. Society (elected in 1845), and of the Antiquarian, Geographical and Agncol- 
tural Societies of Great Britain. 

We scaroe know of one so precocious as he, that, if permitted to remain, did not 
suffer a declension or premature decay. His was a rare exception, of faithfulness to 
the last— of ftddity and usefulness ending only with his life, at the close of more than 
three score years and ten. 

Many eulogiums on Mr. Everett have been given to the public They all asree in this 
— that he was a great and good man, an eloquent orator, a true patriot, and a sincere 
Christian. 



Optioe&s fob the Tear 1865. 

Pmident^ — Winslow Lewis, A.M., M.D., of Boston.* 

Fu»-PrMuim<t.— Massachusetts, Rev. Martin Moore, A.M., of Boston; Maine, 
Hon. Israel Washburn, Jr., of Portland ; New Hampshire, Hon. Samuel D. Bell, LL. D., 
of Manchester; Vermont, Henry Clark, of Poultney ; Rhode Island, Usher Parsons, 
A.M., M.D., of Providence; Connecticut, Prof. Calvin E. Stowe, D.D., of Hartford. 

Uanorary Vice- Presidents.^— New York, Hon. MillArd Fillmore, LL.D., of Buffido ; 
New Jersey, S. Alofeen, of Jersey City ; Pennsylvania, Nathaniel Chauncey, A. M., of 
Philadelphia; Maryland, Hon. J. H. B. Latrobc, of Baltimore; Ohio, Hon. Elijah 
Havward, A3., of McConnellsville ; Michigan, Hon. Lewis Cass, LL.D., of Detroit; 
Indiana, Hon. Ballard Smith, of Terre Haute ; Illinois, Hon. John Wentworth, A. 
M., of Chicago ; Iowa, Rt, Rev. Henry W. Lee, D.D., of Davenport ; District of 
Columbia, Hon. George P. Fisher, of Washington. 

Corresponding Secretary. — Rev. Henry M. Dexter, A.M., of Roxbury.* 

Recording Secretary, — Edward S. Rand, Jr., A.M., of Boston.* 

Treaewrer, — William B. Towne, of Brookline.* 

Historiographer, — William B. Trask, of Dorchester.* 

Librarian, — John H. Sheppard, A.M., of Boston.* 

Directors, — ^Rev. Martin Moore, A.M., of Boston; Joseph Palmer, A.M., MJ)., 
of Boston ; Hon. George W. Mcssinger, of Boston ; Rev. F. W. Holland, A.M., 6t 
Cambridge; Rev. C. D. Bradlce, A.M.. of Roxbury. 

Publishing Committee,— John Ward Dean, of Boston ; * William B. Trask, of Dor- 
chester ; William H. Whitmorc. of Boston ; William S. Appleton, A.M., of Boston ; 
Rev. Henry M. Dexter, A.M., of Roxbury. 

* Tlwse, with the past presidents of the Society, vis., Rev. Joseph B. Felt, LL-D^ of Salem, Hon. WO- 
Usm Whiting, A.M., of Washington, D. C, Samuel O. Drake, A.M., at Boston, and Col. Ahnon D. Hodget, 
of Boxlnuy, are ex-o/Jleio members of the Board of Direotocs. The Treasorer is ejt-^eie "a member «f dw 
Finanoe, and the Librarian of the Library Committee, 
t Onbrl«elTe8taleicanbeRpreMnted,at<»ettme,hyH(MMni7Tioe-PfMldeiits.-^^ 

Vol. XIX. 16 



182 



N, E. Hi stork' Gmecdogkal Socicly, 



[April, 



Commkteet on Le^urts and £wayj.— William Reed Deane* of Brookline ;• Her* , 
Washingtoa Gilbert* A.M., of West Newton ; Hod, Chariot Hudson, A,M , of Lex- 
ington ; Rev. E» F. Slafter, A,B„ of lioston ; Rev. Dor us Clarke, A,M., of Wnltbam. \ 

ConuniUee on HcraUiry. — William H. Wbitniore, of Boston ;• Aboer C. Goo dell, Jr», j 
of Salem ; Aug:ustus T, Perkins, of Boston ; Willlaiu IS. Appleton, A.M., of Boston. 

Vommiitcc on Finrtfice — Frederic Kidder, of Boston;* Hon. George W. MeasingsTt^ 
of Boston ; Jolin M. Brudbttry, of Boston ; John W. Candler, of Brookline* , 

Committee oh tk* Library* — Jercmittb Colburn, of Boston ; ♦ Rev. Abner Morsc^ A,^ 
M., of Boston; E. R. llnmphjeys, LL.D., of Bo:>ton ; George Monntfort. of Boston* j 

Trustees of the Bomi /«iwi.— Col. Almon D* 11 lodges, of Roatbury ; Frederic Kid-* 
der, of Bobton ; Tliomas Watcnuan, of Boston* 

Tru»t4ca of ih4 Bantt&uf Ftani oftd the Towtw Memorial /*«n<l.— William B. Towne^J 
of Brookline ; Col. Almon D. Uodgc«, of Boxbury ; Hon. Charles B. Hall, of Bostoii«l 



pROCEBDISat. 



held thU oAemoonp FreaideniJ 



BotUm^ December 7, 186 4 •—A stated meeting 
Lewis in the chair. 

The librarian reported 29 volumes, 32 pompbkts and 3 manuscripts received a»| 
donntion;! since the last meeting. 

Tl^e corresponding secretary reported letters from the following gentlemen acceptinfipJ 
incmbLTship, namelj, aa Rotident — Rev. Sumner Ellis, of Boston, and Hon. John W, J 
Bacon, of Natick; as Correspondinf^^llon, Freeman H, Morse, of Ix>ndon» Eng., 
Robert Bolton, of Bedford, Westchester county, N. Y, ' 

The txeaiiurer reported tliat Benjamin B. Torrey, of Boston^ and Ebenefer Aid 
M.D*, of Randolph, Mas«., bad made thcmaelvcft Life members. 

Thom.is Gushing, of Bo«tou, read a biographical sketch, prepared at the rcqncct < 
the historiographer, of the late Gideon French Thayer, a resident member, fonnerll 
principal of the well-known Chauncy-Hall School in this city, Mr. Cushing waa ait^ 
associate with and is the aucccHSor of Mi. Thayer in eharge of this school. .Seve 
members present had been pupils o£ the deceased. The sketch is printed in this nu 
ber, pp. H9-154. 

Frederic Kidder, of Boston, read an interesting paper on Historic LoeaUiim in Vir-^ 
ffinia^ suggested by a recent ^iait to the James river. He first noted the passage down 
the Potomac and gave a brief description of the Chesapeake bay, where it has been 
recently ascertained that the Spaniards had a colony as early as 1630, and gKW hi* 
interpretation of its Indian narae^ He gave a sketch of his passage up James river. ^ 
noticing Newport News, which was early occupied by Daniel Gookin, who sub 

auently resided in Cambridge, Mass.^ Here was the scene of tlie bloody battle bctv 
lio Mgates Cumberland and Congress and the rebel ram Merrimae, He gave a de- 
scription of Jamestown, and made a contrast between its present condition and that of 
Plymouth, the two starting points of English colonization on our continent ; of West- 
over, the former seat of Colonel Byrd, author of •* The Westover Mauu^wripts '* ; of 
Butkr*» canal, its progress and intended use. This was the locality of the city of 
Henrico, wliich was founded by Sir William Dale in 1611, with a colony composed 
principally of GerraanB ; hence the name of Dutch Gap. Here was erected the second 
(English) church in America, the next being at Bermuda Hundred. Here was the 
residence of Rolfe and his Indian wife Pocahontas, He gave an account of hit inter- 
view with Gen. Grant in bis simple tent, Snbaequently he visited Norfolk, where the 
eyes of women still look defiantly on our flag, whUe they hope and pray secj^tly for 
rebel success. A description of old Hampton rums and its hospitals concluded the 
paper. 

Rev. F. W. Holland, of Cambridge, read a valuable and well-written paper on 
XautfT, in which he presented some new views with regard to that renowned mission- 

The above papers were listened to with much attention by an unusually Urge meet- 
ing. Votes of thanks were passed for each, and copies were requested for the use 
of the society. 

Biokmn Wedtieadayt Jan, 4, 18S5. — The annual meeting was hekl this afternoon at 3 
o'clock at the rooms of the Society, No. 13 Brorafield street, the President, "ftlnslow 
Lewis, M.D., in the chair. 

Rev, Caleb Davi"* Bradlee, the corresponding aeqretary, reported tlmt since the lafft 
monthly meeting letters accepting membership hid been received from Hon. Iwoel 
Waahbum, Jr., of Porthmd, Maine, and Charks Endicotc, of Milwaukee, Wis., a» 




5.] 



N, E. Hittorii'-Genealogical Socicdj. 



183 



t monborfl, and from Rev. A. P. PutiiAin, of Brookljnii K. Y., as a correspond - 
'member. 

John H. Sheppard, the Librarian* reported that Rince the last annual meeting there 

1 been received 340 bonad volumes, 561 pamphlets and 18 manujiicripts, making 

Ubmrj to consi«t at the present time of 5786 bound volumes and 20,242 pam- 

Wm, B, Towne, the treaatirer, reported that during the post year the ordinary re- 
|cL*ipt9 bud paid the ordinary expenj^es, leaving the aociety free fiim debt and a bnl- 
laace tn the treasury from this source of $18.21, His report also showed that the life 
liaembcnhip fund,* which now amounti* to the sum of $1491.23, was invested in 
['government securities, and he recommended that ibis fund be inrreased by resident 
I members making tbem*telves life members so Jkr as it is practicable for them to do ao, 
I thus relieving themselves of an annual lytsessmeut, and ereating a fund calculated 
I Id give strength, permanency and efficiency to the Society. 

j J« W, Dean, chairmnn of the Nominatinfjj Committee, reported a Iht of candidates for 
L«lection as officers for the current year, who were balloted for and all unanimously 



Wm, Reed Deane, chairman of the Committee on Lectures and Essays, reported 
' that there had been sixteen papers read before ihe society at the monthly meetings 
I daring the past year, several of which have already btien published ^ and most of the 
Chen will soon appear in prinLt 

Wm« B, Trask, the hiRtonographer, reported that during the past year, twenty- 
j lliree members had deceased, vix., I Life, 10 Resident, 10 Corresponding and 2 Honor- 
I wy. Memoirs of twelve of these, and of four who deceased in 186 Ji, nave been read 
More the society since the last annual meeting. 

Jeremiah Colbum, chairman of the Committee on the Library, reported that much that 
ii valuable in our collection of Books and Pamphlets, is entirely lost to us for want of 
■Dace and proper accommodation for their amingement, and further reported that die 
Committee are almost daily told, that if wc had rooms more commodious and perfectly 
«afe, large additions of valuable books and manuscripts would be made to our col- 
lection. 

Frederic Kidder, chairman of the Committee on the reception of Newspapers, 
L Bepotted that nearly a year since our esteemed member, Thomas Waterman, made the 
I Bc^dety a donation of about 70 vols, of valuable Boston newspapers, making the col- 
1 lections of the Society now^ about 350 volumes* amongst which was the London Morning 
Port, tar the year 1765, 6 & 7; Boston Post-Boy, 1767, 8*9; N. II. Gazette, pub- 
I lishedat Portsmouth, for the years 1780, 81 & 82; the Independent Chronicle, pub- 
lished at Boston, for 1796^1804, 6, 8, ©, 10 & 12, and the intervening vols, are much 
wanted; the Yankee, from 1812 to 19, published in Bofiton, and edited by David 
1 Everett : the Bostim Daily Advertiser, for 1821, 22 & 23, and from 1849 to 186.5 inclu- 
»ve, and these intervening vols, are also much wanted ] nearly a complete set of that 
[ taluable political and statlilical journal, Niles's Weeklr Register, the gift, some years 
Ance, of our distinguished member, the Hon. Edward Everett ; the Columbian Centi- 
nci. from 1786 to I8;il, with the exception of 1824; the Daily Evening Transcript. 
] itova Nov. 18n to the present time, 31 years, being of the donation of Mr. Waterman ; 
latftO, a specimen number of a large portion of the newstpapers published throughout 
flSbB woirld some ten years since, the gift of Dr. Hamucl A* t^hurtkff of Brookline, the 
I collection of his recently deceased hon, Carlton A. i^hnrllcC It will be seen that the 
1 Society have files of newspapers from 1765 to the present day, a full centurii-, exce|}ting 
' lor the very important historical period from 1769 to 1779, which includes the intt-rest- 
ing years inm^tately preceding and durin;^ the most active period of the Revoluti<jo. 
We call special attcnition to thk hLatus, and hop*^ it may soon be filled. As well 
conducted newspapers contain most valuable historical material relating to the period 
I in which they are printed, ever Increasing in ^iilue as they increase in yenrft. \vill not 
tlie members oad frieodi of this Society take mea;surea to procure the missiug volumea 



* Tlie pAynent of thirty doitw, bj hluueir or odieni, will oooillfcate wf residiftti or oomspaodlng mem* 
r of thtf *icieij a Ufc niLinb'wT thereof, auJ euUtk hho, witlijat funlicr cxpinjie, to all Uua i%h(a uf a ret U 
nL member during life. 

t At U»e Uwt March Dieetlng, Prof. G. B. Stove, dov of Hiulford, Coun., read m most elAbonle and crttjnl 

.IMeBMHor Uic lUe bM vrltiatca of J^matliut fidirwdt. It oonrtalofld, hIm, LneUJaitid tutloca of well known 

[ Vew Xtvkt>() d«Kyn>eti of ttie timer of fidwanls, •od of others dTcniiDence la lal^ j»ri, down to tli« prifsent 

[-Miod. This pnpt^ ha» t>e«o published In the Oenzuui laognairct. It wm nimbbed ny l^f Siowe for an 

fWMjeltfp&kiA LoUly prinUd In Oennany. Il Is B ' *•**- ^ ., _ ^ . . 

M^iooo be publiHbcd incMir oirn IjuignaKeL 

mpptanA In |vial the imat year. 



■ a ludd histnvy of Nrir Enirlsnd Thtr(4ri|cy, and Wf hvpe It 
isreiil papcn, read btSvn the ik«My in 1B93, haw also 



184 



N. E. HUtoriC'Genealagical Society* 



referred to above, and also place upon the ahelrcs of the Library any other files of e»zly 
print<?d newspapers that they may be able to control. 

Col. A. D. Hodge*, ehairmau of the Trustees of the Bond Fund, a legacy receiTcd 
in 1859, from the late Henry Botid, M.D,, of Philadelphia, rqxirted that no expense 
had been incturred by the Tni-itces during the pa^t year, and tlmt there is on hand 
$o0.oO} deriTed from tlie sale of the Genealogiea and History of Wutertown. 

Wm. B. Townc, chairman ot the Trustees of the Barstow Fund* which consiat* of 
$1000, given to the Society in 1862-3 by the late John Bnrstow, of Providence» a year 
or two before hia deceosK?, and whieh ia devoted to the preserratiou of the Library, 
rept*rted that during the past year there had been bound, from the income of this 
fund, 66 vol*,, and that there remained the further 8Utu of $163.00 of income unex- 
pended. 

The Trustees of the Towne Memorial Fund r^rted, that the income of this dona- 
tion hftd not been expended ; liar wtia it expected tlmt it would be at preaent ; but when 
the Society desired to publish a memorial iroinmt% the income of tliis fund would be in 
read in CBS for that purpose. 

The Committee on the legacy from the late Lieut. Gov. H. \V. Cuidiman, repocted 
that thlfl donation had recently been received, and consisted of 600 yoU. of miscellane- 
ous books, 250 YoK of the Cuslunan Genealogy in ahccta, and several panuscripts, 
photographa, kc. &c. 

The Committee on the preparation of Biogiaphiea of deceased members reported that 
the work was ia progreas ; and it wa^ believed tliat at no distant day the {Society will 
hft¥e wttMn its mchives Biographie;* of all or nojirly all its decea*ied members* 

Frederic Kidder, chairman of the Finance Committee, reported that ihe several do- 
nations to the Society were properly invested, and that, in the expenditure of the 
income, the wishes of the donor were carried out with the mo4it minute cxactneaa* 

Jolm W. Dean, chainnanof the Publishing Committee, reported that the eighteenth 
volume of the New -En gland Historical and Genealogical Register had been compJetfid* 
and that one number of the nineteenth volume — namely, that for January, 180^^— had 
been ijisued. As the organ of the Society, this periodical commends itself to tlve siip* 
port of every member ; while the service it has done, nnd b, still doing, in rescuing 
from destruction the fast perishing reoordjs of New England, and in collecting materiids 
for the hifitorian and genealogist, render it deserving of patronage by ail who feel m. 
reverence for the annabi of tlieir country. 

Members and subscribers can do much by recommending it to their friends who have 
antiquarian tastes or take an interest in historical subjects. A corresponding member 
residing in New York city (James D. Fish, Esq*), who was a subscriber himiielf, and 
who WW informed of the need of patronage by our periodical, wa« able last ye*u- to add 
tfie names of fourteen of his friends to its subscription list. If the others would eBOh 
add but a siiya^le name the RegiMer would be placed upon a fhin foundation* 

William H. ^Vhitmore, chairman of the Committee on Heroldry, reported that the 
committee had held numeroua meetings, and had elicited and reoorded much valuable 
information. It is the opinion of the committee that much good has resulted from the 
inTestigations thus incited, many families having communicated facta hitlicrto unr^ 
corded. Impreased with tlie opinion th«t the results desired will be host obtained by 
^blishing the materials as fast as collected^ the members of the committee have issued 
a Prospectus for the publicauon of a monthly magazine, in which to record their pro- 
ceeding. 

It is proper to add* that this enterprise is in no way connected with the Society, ex- 
cept that the projectors are members and compose the committee. They, howe**er, hope 
that their course will have the approral and support of the Society, and that the pub- 
licatiou will prove an sid to genealogists- 

Wm. R, Deane, in behalf of the committee to whom was referred the --^^ ■*■'?:>& 
by subscription of the proceedings nt the Tercentenary Celebration in the -e 

of the Birth of Shakspeare, reported tliatan edition of 275 copies, octavo, ... -_^ -_iL»r 
paper, and 2d copies in folio, on rich tinted paper, has been printed, and will be foady 
for delivery to subseribers in the course of the present week. 

The President, Dr, Lewis, then delivered his Annual Addrem, whieh is printed 
entire in this number, after whidi, on motion of Rev, F, W. Holland, the following 
resolution was adopted ; 

BMoiwd, That the thanks of this Society be presented to Dr. Winstow Lewis, ^r 
his appropriate, instructive and patriotic Anniversary Address, and tlmt a copy be 
requested for publication in the Regiijter. 

On motion of Rev. ilr, Gilbert, the following preamble and resolutions were « 
adopted: 



I 
I 
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IRS.l 



A* E, HxstoriC'Gmcalogical SocitUj, 



185 



Whttm$i Rev. Caleb Davis Bradlcc, of Roxburv^ imd Rev. Horatio Alger, Jr., of 
rewtler, have declined: a re- nomination to their ofiices* 

SMohtd^ That the thankB of thi» Society be presented to Bev, \ix, BradJec, for the 

■ "e, fiuthful and efficient manner in which be has performed the duties of his neveral 

oes for the last sue years — iianiely, from 1869 to 1862 sla Hectirding Secretaxy, and 

ihnil 1862 to 1865 aa Corresponding Secretary; and also that thanks be presented 

to Eev. Mr. Alger, for hia services as Assistant Eecordiiig Secretary from 18CiJ to 

1§6£. 

Rt9ohtdt That copies of the»e Resolutions be sent to Rev. Messrs. Bxadlee and 

I Alger. 

A Coramittee was then choBen to consider the lubject of procurini^ a Hall, as recom* 
"oded by the President, for a course of historical lectures, consisting of Rev. Boms 
rke. Rev. F. W. Holiimd and F, Kiddci ; ai^er which the meeting adjourned. 



TWatJdf. January 17,-^ A special meeting of the Board of Directors was 
^lield this ofternoon, to take notice of the death of Hon. Edward Everett, a member td 
\ society from the year of its organixatioEi. William B. Towns was called to the chair, 
nd William Reed Deane appointed secretary pfo tempore. 
Mr. Sbeppard, the librarian, offered the following reflolutions, which he prefaced by 
[a brief address which will appear in the society's pamphlet, hereafter mentioned :^ 
Mmoimd, That in the death of Hon. Edward ETCxett, this Society, of which he was 
\ ttmdeai member for nineteen years, deplores a great loss. 
Bswohed, That in this death literature and science are called to mourn the departure 
(of a very distinguished schoUr and accomplished writer, whose purity and elegance of 
iliste, richness of imagination, affiuence of kngaage, and flowing, fascinating style. 
I would, without any other mark of distinction or celebrity, have made himaii honor and 
I ornament to our country. 

Rstoivedt That in his death the voice of a moat eloquent man is silent — a voice 

^whil:h left no superior, if, indeed, it did an eqiml in this land, and which was ever 

in the cause of all that is good or excellent, jjcrtaining to a nation's welfare. 

)fmlt That in the death of this statesman and patriot, the whole nation has 

to weep and lament ; for his exalted love of the Union gave to his voice and 

ft peculiar importance in our great struggle to preserve our nationality 

diestruction. 

That in his death we deplore the loss of a citizen of most exemplary 

indefiatigable industry and faithful adherence to those noble principles oif 

and honor, &om the prevalence of wiilch a nation can only become great and 

J t ai sf B sd, That we respectfully tender our sympathies to the bereaved family. 
Mmotmdt That in testimony of our veneration of the memory of the deceased, we 
"\ Bttend bis funeral on Thursday next ; and also, that a copy of these Resolutions 
ented to his family. 

r remarks by Samuel O, Drake, Frederic KiddcT, John Ward Dc^n, Rev. Elias 
Hason, William B. Trask, John H. Sheppard, William Heed Deane and the presiding 
flieer, the resolutions were unanimously adopted. 
In accordance with this vote, the Directors attended the funeral of Mr» Everett, at 
! First Church in Boston, Thursday, January 19, 

Boiton^ February I. — The regular Society meeting was held this afternoon, the 
Vesident in the chair. 

John H. Sheppard, the librarian, reported the addition of 29 voliimes and 245 pam- 
hlets to the library since the last meeting. 

Rev. Henry M. Dexter, the corresponding secretiu-y, reported a letter from Frederick 
>. Allen, of Boston,, accepting resident meinbership, 
Edward 8. Rand, Jr., the recording secretary, reported letters from Hon. Israel 
ITifcshbume, Jr., of Portland, Me., accepting the office of Vice President, and from 
I, Alo&en, of Jersey City, N. J., accepting the ofKce of Honorary Vice President, 
e hitter was accompanied by a donation of One Hundred Dollars to the funds of 
) Society. Thanks were voted to Mr. Alofsen for his jrenerosity. 
Winslow Lewis, M.D., president of the Society, and Rev. Eliat* Nason, of Exeter, N. 
U delivered eloquentanddiscriminatmg' eulogies upon our late member, Hon. Edward 
tt* These, with a brief eulogy by Rev. Frederic W, Hnllnnd, of Cambridge, pre- 
fer the occatiion, but for want of time not delivered, have been printed m a 
iitiful volume uniform with the Shakspeart? Tt.Tcentenary I'roceedinga, 

Vol XIX. 16* 



M6 



Book NaticeWt 



m 



BOOK NOTICES. 

Tercenienary Celebraiion of the Birih of Shakspeare, by die New Enfi 
land Histuric- Genealogical Society at Boston, Mass., April 23, 1864. 
Boston : Printc^d for the Society by George C. Rand & Avery. 
1864, 8vo, pp, 71. 

l/owell Shakspeare MemoriaL Exercises at the Ter- Centenary CeUhraHon 
of the Birth of William Shaknpeare, April 23, 1864, by the CUizens 
of Lowell, Mass, Lowell: Stone & Hubg, 1864» 8vo. pp. 51. 

The above are thi? only cckbrationsoii thU continent of the Teroentenaiy of the Birth 
of Shakspeare whose proceediuge we have met with in book form. It would seem 
tlint 03 time goes ou, this uni versa) gonitis is more and more appreciated. At one period 
his light had almost gone out. " The conrBo of thought," Bay» Mr. Clarke, " in regard 
to our poet has been like the course of his own brook — falling at one time over rough 
pebbles and hard critical rockj», but again re»umiiig its sweet and placid course with an 
ever deepening! ever enlarging volume of water. The opinion of the worM, under the 
guidance of the greatest thinkcra, has tended more and more to thia result— that Wu^ 
LiAM Shailspeare fltond^ at the summit of human intelligence.' * 

The appreciation of his genius h i»preadiiig throughout the world. It is *^ for all 
time" and every country. The lines originMly applied to the du^t of Wicklifle which 
was eatit upon the s^urface of the little brook called the Swift that ruuH into the AvoHi 
may well apply to Shakspeare' s words as emblematical of their i^pread into aH ^e ooun- 
tries and languages of the world : 

" Tbe Ainm to the SovcrD nutf* 
The Bevcm to tlw wm \ 
And fihftktpcArc^g voKrdi shmll ipread abroad 
Wide as the wateri lx».** 

We quote the following from the introduction of the Boaton celebration by the 
New England Historic- Genealogical Society ; — 

** At the time Shaksrpearc wrote, probably the whole number of people who apoke 
the English Language did not exceed those now speaking it in a single State in our 
Union ; and nearly all were in that * little world,* tliat * sceptred isle ' of England* 
Tliia number has increased from about four millions to more than sixty millions. 

" * In the new world/ says I/ord John Jvu*i.aell in his Life of Thomas Moore, ♦ mil- 
lions are added every year to those whose j^ovcmment and institutions are American^ 
but whose liieralurc isEnglwh ; and iii thejw millions there will be communitiee holding 
aloft the literature of Eiigtand through the ocean of time — who will neither be subjieet 
to conquest by a superior state, like the Greeks, nor exposed to the invasion of barbae 
rianSf like the Romans,' " 

la this country there were celebrations of the Tercentenary of the birth of Shaks* 
peare in several Statca in our Unioo — and one or more were observed on the very 
borders if not in the line« of our army. On thivt day tliere was a German celebration 
of this attniversary in Philadelphia — a foundation for a monument was laid iu New 
York — there was one or more celebrations at the West — and one in Norfolk, Va., by 
Union men» on what was recently claimed os secession territory, beside the eelebrutiona 
at Boston and at Lowell, as the titles of the Tolumes descriptive of them at the head 
of this nrticle denote. 

Even in the midst of our present conftict it was appropriate that we should pitch 
our tents for a dav, and pay due homage to Shakspeare, fix his name more indelibly 
upon our standard, and draw strength, courage and inspiration from his burning words, 
that we may the more reverently and worthily bear aloft and onward tlie litera* 
ture of the language in which he wrote to the countless millions who are to oome 
after tis on this great western continent. 

We find the Tercentenary of Shakspeare's birth in Boston recorded in a type and 
style worthy of the character celebrat^, and the addresses there printed. This record 
will W thus pleasantly preserved, and we doubt not that if some youth of 1864 should 
h«ye his life lengthened to a Puir with old Thomas, he will find a copy extant on 




I 




I 



Book ffotteei. 



18T 



I ttmiveTMry a hundred yearn henco. Twenty-five copies were printed on InTRe and 
at pnper^ and were eagerly taken by Bibliophilifit^ who arc cBlcidAting confidently 
lupon A l&rge ad-vToice in their value by the next centenniid celebration. Rev. Br, 
"TIcHte and Air. Sheppard had a few copies of their productlona printed separately. 
We happcoi to have learned of the great appreciation of this volume frtjm Beveral 
imroeaof nigh authority.— 'lie V, Dr, Osgood writes of Mr. Clarke's iiddrees: — ''It 
^li a gem of thought;" and WiUiam Cullen Bryant, that it is " one of the ablest and 
jmost entertaining things of the kind that I have eret read.'* Dr.lClarke w truly poeti- 
nal and poetically true in IlIa masterly Bcaiming of the intellect and genins of 3hak&- 
[peare. We wo^ld gladly quote largely from hiB words, btit we BhotUd hardly laiow 
l«^had we room — where to begin or when? to end. We rejoice that the Society were 
ble to celebrate the oecafiion in so appropriate a manner, and to clotliu the worda of 
suthors — Rev. James Freeman Clarke^ ilr. Sheppard the Librarian, and Kev. F. 
^W. Holland^ with a drei»a bo inviting, 

I Lo%rell, that city of spindles, which has grown up in forty years fh>m a wDdcr- 
i.|i3sd — one of the wonders which Shakspearc's philosophy never drtjamt of^aUo cele- 
I brated the Teroentenary of hi« birth. The principal address upon that occasion waa 
I1>y Rev. William S. Bartlet, of Chelsea. Mr. Bartlet was one of the earliest to suggest 
ilStie celebration of tlie anniversary in Boston. There is much to commend in his ad- 
I drew. He considers Shakspeare to be almost the creator of the Isinguiige in which he 
Iwrote and which he used with the utmost skilftilness. He dwells upon the wideumge 
Icf Ma observation ; his great versatility ; his identifying him self with his charaotefs ; 
[Ilia strong conunon sense ; his deep knowledge of Imman nature ; and upon the 
I ftcts that the words of no writer have been so incorporated into the EngliJ^h language 
raa those of Bhakspeare ^ that he delineates the conrae of eventa and the expeiicnee of 
individuals with a truthfulness almost startling ; that he is when tiioughtfuUy studied 
f the truest and atcmest of all uninspired moralists ; that he never palliaiea vice or ridi- 
Icules virtue, and that thereforci while our language shaO last, Shakspcarc must remain 
[ tmobacured and immortal. 

The services at Ixjwell commenced with opening remarks by the President^ Hon* 
[Xliflha HuRtington, singing and prayer, preceding the oration. Tl;e festivities of the 
r^j were closed by a dinner, toasts and a humorous song or two, and after^ dinner 
r speeches bv some of its di»tinguished citiieiifl, several of which are printed in this 
^ ** Lowell Shakspearc Memorial/' 



The FitblieaHons of Uie Prince Sociehj, Ustablwhed May 25, ISbB.— -The 
B'utchiman Papers, Vol. I. Albuoy, N. Y. : Printed for tho 
Society, by Joel Maneell. 1865. Sm. 4to. pp. 324. 

Hutchinson^s CoUection of Origit\al Papers has long t>t?en a rare volume; and ita 
Tftliieaa a repository of hbtorical materials, added to this rarity, has caused it to be 

\ much sought fas by book collectors, ond to be rtadily taken up at very high pricea 

^ Wben offered for sale. It will be admitted that the Prince Soci^^y has acted wisely in 
selecting this work for its first issue. The original edition is a single octavo volume : 
this reprint is to be in two volumes — the regular etlition, in cap quarto, consisting of 
160 copies, and 10 copies being printed on large paper. 

The first volume, which was delivered to members of the Society in January lft*t» 
lias been edited by William H. Whitmore ; the second, now in press, will be edited by 
William S. Appleton. The publishing committee, before the work was conimcnced, 

^ decidt'd in favor of adding but few notes, and Mr, Whitmore has faithfully carried out 
'iftt decision. He 1ms added a biographical and bibliographical preface^ a table of con- 
tents and an index. Besides these, he has preftxed a long note to a fseries of docuraenti 
relative to the troubles occasioned by the famous Afrs. Hutchinson, and another to 
Cotton*s Abstract of Laws. In the former he prints entire the Boston Petition in 

I fiivor of Wheelwright as he finds it in Gov. Winthrop's Short Slaty ; and in the latter 
he gives bibliographical details of the two LondoD editions of Cotton's Abstract, namely, 
ttioiseof 1641 and' 1655* Mr. Whitmore has compared the Abstract, as printed by 
Hntehinson, with both these editions, and has indicated the variations. In a foot note 
appended to the Agreement with D'Aulney, which Hutchinson prints in its Latin 
form, the English is given from the Keowrds of the United Colonies. Tlie other notes 
make little show, but there is evidence in them and throughout the volume of labo- 
rious care, llie editor has »oaght for and found the originals of more than half the 
documents here printed, and has compared them with the printed volume. TJie result 
flf tiiit ootnpftrioon is a oonviotion that Hutehinson was much more careful in trans* 



T88 



Book Notlcei, 



[April, 



cribing doeume^ti than is generally supposed. That ao krge a p^jportion of the ori- 
ginals are sLiU prc^Tved will surpri&e most of our readers. 

The Prince Society was establi^hedi in )Sd8, on the anmversary of the birth of 
Thomaa Prince, the aiitiqiiary, namely. May 25» and was tmmed in his honor. The 
idea of such a society, and the nEune, are due to Samuel G.Drake. In DecembeT* 
1857, he spoke to John Ward Dean in favor of a society for reprinting rare books about 
America, Mj, Drake was then editor of the Heffiat^^ and ^Lr. Dgou of the Hitiaricai 
Magazuvf* Several couversations followed on the subject ; and, in January, a consti- 
tution was prepared by them, differing but little from that subeequently adopted by 
the society. For various reasons the fom:iatiou of the society was delayed till the 
spring, when on the 25tli of Alav, 1858, I'homas Waterman, Frederic Kidder, John 
W. Dean, "Williain H, Whitmore, William B. Trnsk and John W» Parker met at Mr- 
Drake's by bifi invitation, A tuociety was or^aiiixed undir the name of The Prinee 
Socuiy for Mtitiml Publkaiion^ the nural>cT of members in which ia limited to one hun* 
drcd. Some delay occurred in putting a volume to press, from tl\e absence of Mr, 
Drake, the president, and Mr, Whitmore, the recording secretary, from the country; 
but now that a beginning haa been made, we trust tliat the vohunes will follow each 
other regularly, and with aa much rapidity as is consistent with a proper prqiaration 
of the works undertaken. At a meeting of the Council, Feb. 27, 18G5, it was decided 
to reprint Wood's New England Prospect, Norton's Life of John Cation^ and CottfOU 
Mather's Life of John FAioL This selection is an excelleut one. 

Mr. Munsell ha*i printed the work in the beautiful style for which his press is cele- 
brated. It ia uniform witli his Historical Seriet^ which has lately brought such extra* 
yagant prioes. 

Vorrespondenct' between John Jay and Henry B. Dawson f and between 
James A. SamiUon and Hennj B. Dawsoti, concerning the Federalist, 
N. York : Printed by J. M. Bradstreet & Son. 1864. 8vo. pp. 48. 

TMs is Number One of Current Fiction* tested by Uncurrmt FacU, of which the 
Second Number, to be entitled. This FimderQlui and its Traducers, \s announced us in 
press. In the prewnt issue, Mr. Daw»on ably defenda himself from aspersions cast 
upon bim and his edition of the Fccderalist, and even carnea the war into the eneray't 
country. In bis letter to Mr. Jny, occurs this pas*age relative to himself: — 

** I WB» withdrawn from the pubHe schools in the city of New York, to labor in the 
IL^da, when I was ouly fourteen years of age ; and, with tlie exception of a single 
winter which I subsequently spent in school, I have labored steadily since that time — 
as I still labor to this day — for daOy bread ; while that which muny others call *' lei- 
Bure *' has been spent, and is still regularly spent, by me in honest attempts to be use- 
ful to myself and my country." 

That the Lntexvals between his daily labor for support have not been *' leisure" is 
abundantly evident j the elaborate works he has issued show clearly that his efforts to 
be useful have not been in vain. And that in the future, as in the post, his life is to be 
ft busy one, proof is furnished by his recent announcement of several new works, or 
new editions of old ones, as in preparation. Two of tlicse, his prospcctoa informs 
Ufl, were to be put to press last January. 

One of these is the ArUi-FmhraiiMt^ to form the third and fourth voluines of his 
** Constitutional Series" (anie, xvii. 87 ; xviii. llfi). It is to consist of a collection of 
Essays and other PubUcatlona written by the opponents of our now juntly vetivrated 
Constitution, while it was before the people ; and will contain an historical introduc- 
tion and notes by the editor* Two hundred and fifty copies are to bo printed on huge 
paper, the greater portion of which are already subscribed for. The price is ten dollars 
ft Tolume in paper, and twelve dollars in muslin, delivered in New York city. A 
cheaper edition for the public will also be printed. 

Another work in press is, The Diary of David How, a Soidi4fr of the MttMOchuactts 
Line, It will form Part TV, of Mr* Dawson's series of Tracts, and vi-ill be printed, at 
the Riverside press, uidform in every respect with The Aaaauii on St^mey Point noticed 
by us in the Rtgitter^ vol, xviii. p. 314, The diary notes event? from Dec. 27, 1775, 
to Jan,*17t 1777, and from Sept. 29 to Nov. 7, 1777, furnishing a daily chronicle^ 
briefly narrated, of Camp Life in the Army of the Revolution, while it was before 
Boston, in Westchester county, N. Y., in New Jersey and Pennsylvania, and under 
Gen. Gates near Saratoga, N. Y. It will be found to possess value' to the student of 
the history of thoae times. Three other Parts of the Tracts will speedily follow, 
nimely, Part I, The Uiaiory of the Park and its vkinityt Nsw York city ; Part VIII, 



I 



I 
I 



I 



1865,] 



Book Notices. 



189 



Tks Lott Jlteordt ofiha Ciiy of Nme York; and Part XT. The JkH bhodahed in the 
American RetoluHon, 

Mr. Dawson has also put forth a prospectus for a new edition of his well-known 
work* The Battiet of the United Statee by Sea and Land^ provided a suflicient number 
o£ copies are aubsmbcd for. He wQl reyiae, csoirect and complete it ; exttTidingf the 
detcrtptioiia of the several battles where it is necessary, ond adding all the most im- 
portant documents relatiag thereto which have emanated from either party. Dcscrip- 
ticnvs of the several aetJouH in the Florida war, and those in the Valley of Mexico, 
wkich were omitted in preceding editiona, together with those of several actions 
during the present War, will be inserted in their proper places ; and a careftilly prc^ 
niired index will be added to the work. Preliminary to it^ pub'ication by the tradcf a 
liaiited edition on targe paper for subscribers, will be printed, namely, 100 copies royal 
octavOf uniform with Stoney PoitU^ and twenty- five copies in quarto* It will be issued 
in pans of 96 pages each, of which there will be about twi^nty, at five doOors per 
oapff lielavo, and ten doUarSt in quarto, folded and stitched* 

W« would advise all bookie oUec tors who desire to possess these works to make an 
early application to Mr. Bawgon« His post-office address is, Morriaanio, X. Y. The 
merit of these works, added to the amaUncaa of the number printed, wiH always Make 
these editions sought for. 



'^fOt 



An Mgtorical Address delivered ai the Cenfennial CelebrcUron of the 
Incarporadon of ike Tovm of Wilbraham, June lb, 1863. By Rufcs 
F. STBBBiNd. D,D. With an Appendix. 8vo- pp.318* Boston ^ 
Gcorgfe C. Rand & Averj, Prietera, 3 CornhiU, 1864. 

TKia beautifully printed and very interesting book is wortby of a lengthened notioe ; 

It we have not the space sufficient to speak of it as we could wish. 

What is now the town of Wilbraham was a part of the territory of Springfield^ and 
waa called •• Springfield MountaiiiSi** or *' outward commons of Springfield." The 
fourth precinct of Springfield, as it was termed, wiis incorporated in 1741, and ia 
June of the same year »*tho worthy Noah Mirkk" %vas ordained as their first minister. 
A large oak tree was selected as the place erf ordination, but in consequence of the rain 
scorta which came upon them after they had met together, they were obliged to adjourn 
to a neiehborijig barut where the sennces were duly performed. About 1746, a rude 
lumie of worship was erected — b^re 1754 a school house was built, and Master Ezra 
Barker, for years town and church clerk, was the early teacher. In 1763, the town waa 
incQiporated ,' in 1782 it was divided into two parishes, the North and the South. 
Kev. Dr. Stebbins, in his liappy manner, gives us a history of the precinct and thfi 
town — the churches and the schools — the pastors and the teachers — the gradual growth 
of the town and its improvements. 

In the Appendix is mmished an interesting account of the celebration (see Ref^httr, 
SiiiL 1 10 ), with a report of the speeches, some of them humorous and ail entertaining 
— the evidence of the relinquishraent of the claim of the Indians to the territory west 
of the mountains, about 1674, which wa<* atteated by John Pynchon in 1678 — the 
allotments to the early settlers, -mih their names, marriages, &c. — ejctracts from Samuel 
Warner's journal kept on the exi)edition to Crown Point, 1759 — a list of births 
and deaths which took place before the incorporation of the town^ — a valuation of the 
town, 1771 — roll lists of the revolution and letterj*— journal of Br. Samuel Merrick, 
1777, &c. — with other Eats, petitions and sketches— history of the Wesleyan Academy, 
with plates, five in number — graduates of colleges — miscellaneous matter and frag- 
meiltB — epitaphs of some of the early settlers, and brief genealogies of the faniiliea of 
Bmbet Brewer^ Bliaa, Burt, Chapin, Hendrick, HUchcotk, Lanffdoth Merrickj Mom'aj Hue^ 
eeilt Stehbim, Warner^ Warriner. 

The Burke and Almrd Memorial. I, A Genealogical Accoxinl of the 
Descendants of liichard Burke, of Slid fmrt/, 3f ass, 11. A Genealogi- 
cal Account oftfie Descendants of Alexander Alcord, of Windmrt Ot, 
Compiled by Jows A. BoirTET,LB fur William A. Burke. Boston : 
Printed hj n. W. Button & Sod. 8vo. |)p. 23Q. 

This volume contains genealogies of the fiimilies of the &ther and mother of the 
mtleman for whom it was prepared, WUliam A Word Burke, of Lowell, in this State. 
Mr. BoutcUe has performed his Ubor with fidthfttlnesa and accuracy. A dear and 



190 



Bock Notices. 



[April, 



isS^ 



slmpk method of airanging the families k uBed» tlie dntes are nirniero^ and precipe, 
and an excellent index^ filling twenty- one pages, in sihelU type and treble columna, ia 
added, which enables persons who coniiult the book to refer readily to the yarious indi- 
viduals immed in it. 

Bcaidca the gcnealo^es of the families above named, we have the deaoendanta of 
Richard Burke of Northampton, Mass.! and Benedict Alvord of Windsor, Ct„ and an 
interesting account of the Burke or De Burgh families in England and lT«]and. Ap- 

Cdicea furnish copicii of wills and other probate records, liata of marriagea. birthii, 
. tkma and deaths &om town, church and private records, with other mattera of 
mtez€ftt to the Alvords and Burkes, One appendix gives a short gtsicmlogy of the 
Bai\fiamm liBunily, with particular reference to Kexiuh Benjnmiii, wife of Solomon Bturke, 
The me^haniea] part of the work does credit to the tnate of Mesars. Henry W. 
Button & Sou, from whose press it issues. 

The Heraldic Journal ; recording tlie Armoriat Bearings and Genea- 
logies of American Families. No. L Jiiauary, 1866. Boston ; J, 
K, Wiggin, Publisher. 8vo. pp. 16. 

We welcome this new periodical as a useful auxiliary to the Batfisier. It haa 
undertaken by the Committee on Heraldry of the New England Historic- Gcnealogi 
Society, as a means of ex^teuding the sphere of its labors. Since February* W 
when It was formed^ thiji committee has been very active, and has collected a mi 
of infonoatian relative to the use of Co at- Armor in this country at an early period, 
Besidea preaerring this information in a permanent form, the muga/ino no doubt wiU 
make the labors of the committee better known, and induce many to communicate facta 
to them, and through them to the pubhc, whom it would otherwise be difficult to reach. 

The present number is edited by William H, Whitmore, Ohainnan of the Committee. 
It haa an introductory article showing the objects of the /owrrtW; and contains other 
vrticlea on Official Seals, Herald Painters in this country. Heraldic Notes and Qu erica, 
Monumental Inscriptions, and a List of Esquires in 1736. This last article consists 
of the names of all the subscribens to Prince's Chronology who are termed *♦ Esquire." 
The fuU Ust of Prince's Subscribers wiB be found in the sixth volume of the Hef/itim' 
(pp. 189-199). Mr. %Vliitmorc thinks that the addition of Esquire to the names that 
Iwar it, was ** intended to designate those who were in the habit of using coats-of- 
aima ; unless indeed," he adds, •• an exception may be made in the CAse of those hold^ 
ing official position.*!.''* We think it quite probable that persons entitled to coat-armor 
would be called EjKiuire by Prince ; but an examination of the list lead« us to the 
opinion that much the larger portion of these individuals derived their titles from their 
offices rather than from their ancestors, 

lAUelVs Living Age. 

This very valuable periodical, up to the close of the year 1854, completed LXXXIII. 
Vols., and 1074 numbers. 

It ia 43 years since Mr. Littell first published The Musexjm of Fobbion Litbra- 
TUBJ!, a monthly in Philadelphia. At the termination of which, he commenced, on the 
1 1th day of April, 1844, this weekly Journal. Per ratios coMuatper toi dUcrimifm rerum^ 
through various trials and many haxarding circumstancea it reached a wide circulation, 
and is at the head of publications of this kind. 

The plan at the outset was to give the American public the chef-^truvrea and cream 
of the Magazmes and Reviews published abroad, and especially "in Great Britain, of 
which above thirty have formed a pictorial circle of titles on each weekly cover of the Age. 
Some of the most popular of these works have been reprinted In thia country, but the 
great expense of procuring them has made their circulation limited. The Piospectua 
of the Living Age, tlierefore, met with the warm approbation of three very diatingtuahed 
scholars, who were then living, Judge Story, Chancellor Kent, and ejc-'Prea, John Q. 
Adama. The plan has been well carried out. It is a complete success. 

The selections have been judicious. In very many instances they have been fraught 
with scientilie matter^ useful discoveries, elegant criticism and sketches of biography, 
ftdding to our stores of knowledge, and promoting a pure, aound taste. Several refer- 
j ences to particular articles might be made« if our limited space would allow. Hesidet 
l^hia, care has been taken to cull and cater for that class of readers who delight in 
Fiction : and some of the best stories of the age, written by eminent authors in Eng- 
land and Scotland, have found a place tn these pages* AH this amount of various 
matter baa been offerded with Icsa coat thim any publication wc know. The Livijig 




1865.] 



Book Notices. 191 



Age IB printed on paper neither glaring nor dinjs^, and in a &ir, clear t3rpe, and those 
accustomed to late reading by lamp-light have round both print and paper peculiarly 
gisttifdl to their eyes. 

It should be recollected, that within fifty years, foreign periodicals and reviews hare 
assumed a new character . They once contained either dry disquisitions or some abstract 
thesis, or became the yehide of excessive adulation or harsh satire. Now their ob- 
ject appears to be improTement, information and agreeable entertainment to the reader. 
Some of them are enriched with the most valuable writings of the age^— the depo- 
sitaries of genius and learning — the exponents of what is passing in the minds of great 
sdiolars. By such writings we can often get a correct idea of new works in the lite- 
raiT market, and learn whether or not they are worth our reading. For, indeed, if we 
had the hundred eyes of Argus — the age at Methusaleh — and the industry of the late 
lamented Everett, we could not keep up with the continual issues of a teeming Press. 
There must be some leisure to think, and it is hard to drive through a book, as it were 
on horse-back, or with locomotive velocity. A guide therefore to the best and most 
useful books of the day is truly desirable. Such a guide in some measure is the 
laving Age^ the cream of Beviews. 

The writer of this brief notice has taken the Living Age firom its commencement. 
It has been to him a rich treat — a literary luxury, when he sits down in the calmness 
of his evening solitude after the cares and avocations of the day. Works there referred 
to or described, have often been sought for and rewarded him with additional pleasure. 

It is to be hoped that Mr. Littell continues to enjoy a remunerative encouragement 
in these trying times. For should the Living Age die for want of nourishment, it 
would truly seem to very many of us that we had lost a good old friend whose con- 
versation improved us, and whose cheerfulness made our steps more light and buoy- 
ant as we travel on. S. 

Proceedings of (he Inaugural Meeting of (he Historical Society of Dela- 
ware, held at Wilmington, Sist May, 1864, together with the ConstUu. 
Hon and By-Laws then adopted, Wilmington : 1864. 8vo. pp. 16 

On the 3lst of Biay, 1864, was organized the Historical Society of Delaware — its 
object, the elucidation of History, particularly such portions as may refer to that State. 
CoL J. Boss Snowden, of Philadelphia, delivered the inaugural address, dividing their 
history as Pennsylvanians and Delawarians into three periods. First, from the disco- 
very of America to the time when the first actual settlements were made upon the 
Delaware river. Second, from the fijrst settlement of the Delaware to the year 1776, 
when the Colonies were declared free and independent States. Third, from 1776 to 
the present time. He dwelt chiefly on the second period. •* The Dutch commander, 
Cornelius Mey, was the first European that sailed up the Delaware ; and he continued 
his progress as £ir as Gloucester Point, on the east side of the river, a few miles below the 
site of Philadelphia." He built a Fort which he named Nassau, with a view to estab- 
lish a fortified place to open trade with the Indians. The date of this transaction is 
variously given ; the earliest, by Hazard, is in 1623. There seems to be a question 
whether the Dutch did not soon abandon the Delaware and fix their settlements on the 
Hudson before the arrival of the Swedes. Col. S. inclines to the opinion ** that no 
settlements of white people were in existence on the banks of the Delaware when the 
Swedish Colony arrived at Christina in 1638. There were certainly none on the west 
aide of the Delaware." He suggests that the Society investigate the subject. Hon. 
John M. Bead, and Horatio G. Jones, of Philadelphia, also addressed the meeting. 

The first annual meeting of the Society was held Oct 13th. President, Hon. Wil- 
^j^ F*1L hi the chair. Their stated meetings are on the second Thursday of every 
month. (See Hittorical Magazine for Dec., 1864, pp. 385-389, 402-404.) 

We extend the right hand of fellowship to tMs newly-formed Society, giving it a 
cordial welcome to the fruitful field of historical literature. 

Hie Historical Magazine, and Notes and Queries concerning the Antir 
qaities, History and Biography of America, Vol. viii. New York : 
1864. Sm. 4to. pp. 408. 

We would again recommend this valuable historical monthly to the attention and 
fitvorable regard of all interested in such pursuits. The work has passed into the 
hands of that well-known scholar and author, John G. Shea, Esq., who for the past 
six years has so ably edited it. This magazine has become well estabUshed, as we hope, 



192 Book Notices. [April. 

in its particular proyince of knowledge. May its patronage increase in a measure 
commensurate with its merits. 

The volume for 1865 (toI. ix.) commences with a series of papers on American his- 
torians. The January number has a brief memoir of Cadwallader Golden, with a 
portrait. 

Historical CoUecUons of the Essex Institide. Vol. vi. No. 4. Salem : 

1864. Small 4to. pp. 40. 

The nimiber of the work before tis, contains — Notes on Wenham Pond ; Rowley 
Marriages; Births and Deaths in Lynn ; Two old Bibles, with Notes by B. F. B.'; 
Notices of Rer. Asa Dunbar and Jonathan Gardner ; Hale memoranda ; sketch of 
Rev. Nath'l Ward, at Ipswich ; Ship Building in Salem, No. 2 ; Copy from the origi- 
nal book of Grants of Salem. 

This bi-monthly with each issue does indeed giye us, as originally intended, facts 
and statements that " tend to elucidate the History of the County of Essex, its inhabi- 
tants and institutions." Would that we had just such a publication in every county 
of Massachusetts ; and as indefatigable and reliable contributors to early local history 
as our brethren of Essex. 

Okurchman^s Calendnr for 1866. New York. Gen. Prot. Epis. 
Sunday School Union and Church Book Society. 18mo. pp. 144. 

This manual contains, with other matters appropriate,. a scriptural calendar for every 
day in the year ; notices of the Oriental, Anglican and Abnormal Churches ; New York 
city statistics, and the succession of Bishops in the American church. Also, the 
diocesan annals of the church in Rhode Island, Delaware and Tennessee, furnished 
the Editor, Key. A. Cleveland Coxe, by the Rev. Char les R. Hall, of the Naval School 
at Newport, R. L ; the Rev. Charles Breck, orWilm]ngton,'ITel. ; and the Rev. Dr. 
Merrick, of Kentucky. These annals, particularly, are valuable for reference, not only 
to the churchman, but to the general historical student. An epitome of ecclesiastical 
fSftcts, chronologically arranged, they show the progress of Episcopal missions from their 
incipiency in the above mentioned States. 

A Funeral Sermon occasioned by (he death of the kUe AdjtUant Myron 
W. Smith; by Rev. J. F. Steams, D.D„ Pastor of Qie First Presby- 
terian Church in Newark, New Jersey; Oct, 12, 1864. [With Let- 
ters from Ool. Holman, Rev. James Marshall, and Joseph P. Brad- 
ley, LL.D. ; Testimonials, Obituary Notices, and Extracts from his 
private Letters.] 8vo. pp. 47. 
In our obituary department wiU be foimd a brief notice of this valiant officer. 

•< Another of our noblest young heroes, whose blood will purify this nation, and make 

it strong, imited and fr«e, because just. His record wiU be treasured by his family, his 

city, his State, his whole country." 
The discourse by Rev. Dr. Steams is well calculated to impart Christian consolation 

and comfort to the bereaved fieimily and friends, and direct to a right improvement of 

the afflictive event. 



Ebbata, 

Vol. xiv.— Page 218, 1. 22 from foot, /or Gorham read Gkay. 

Vol. xviii.— Page 31, 1. 14 from foot, for JTno. Bartlett read Jos. Bartlett, that is, 
Josiah ; p. 394, in Errata, 1. 11 from foot, **for Cabls read Cablo" should read for 
Gablo read Cable ; p. 392, the Fitchburg centennial celebration occurred June 30th, 
1864, not on the 26th as there stated. See a notice of it in this number. 

VoL xix. — Page 40, top line, for 1500 read 1600 ; p. 67, 1. 10 from foot, for Lurring 
read Luning — the same on p. 68, 1. 4 fiom. top ; p. 68, 1. 6 from top, /or Hingsand read 
Kingsond ; p. 77, 1. 10 from top, Ist column, for Nov. 5 read Oct. 6 ; p. 81, line 32 
from top, lift column, for elder read younger i P* 81» 1* 9 iiom. foot, 2d column, for 
twelve read fourteen ; p. 92, 1. 12 frt)m top, for Three Honorary Vice-Presidents read 
Two Honorary Vice-Presidents and one Vioe-Preiident ; p. 94, 1. 6 from foot, /or East 
^' hiof nod j£a(duas« 



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NEW ENGLAND 

[ISTOEICAL AND GENEALOGICAL REGISTER. 



iou XIX, 



JULY, 1865. 



Na S. 



MEMOIR OF JOHN BROOKS, GOVERNOR OF MASSACHU- 
SETTS. 

By Ber* CnA&Lss Brookb* of Meclford. 

JotTTf Brooks was born in Modfordi Massachusetts ^ ftnd was bap* 
\i IV 31, 1752. His fatheri Caleb Brooks, ami his mother, Ruth 

j\ v/ere born in Medtbrd, and died there ; both pOBsessing- good 

beaiihi strong minds and Christian characters. The tragic history of 
Ffcis PT^andfather John Albroe, who was born on the island of New-Pro- 
ifi 1688, and was brought to Boston in 1700, is recorded in 
ti. ^. .. ;ory of Medford, Mrs. Brooks early discovered in her son 
Joha the signal traits, which herald distinction ; and her bright 
I genius and loving heart were not long in devnsing the means of de- 
Irrcloping his abilities. He was initiated into Latin and Greek ; and at 
the age of fourteen Dr. Simon Tufts (H. 0, 1767) received him into his 
family aa a student ; and the learning and discipline of the teacher, 
1 ' with the sound good sense of the pupil, supplied the defi- 
I ^f a collegiate education. He early showed a taste for mih'- 

t^ixy ;iflair8 ; and was chosen captain of the ''boy's company'* he 
raided. His royal love of command secured to him great influence, and 
Dr. Tuft«'s grounds were frequent witnesses to ** the pomp and circum- 
etance of glorious war/' Remaining with his patron tUl the age of 
twenty-one, he then commenced the practice of niedicine in Reading, 
where, in 1774, he married the beautiful Miss Lucy Smith. Their 
children were Lucy, who was born June 16, 1775 ; Alexander Scam- 
mell, born Oct, 19, 1781 ; and John, bom May 20, 1783. Lucy mar- 
ried Rev. John Okill Stuart, of Kingston, C. W., Oct. 2, 1803, and 
died in 1813. leaving one child, George Okill Stuart, who is the old- 
est surviving descendant of Gov. Brooks, and who is a counseller at 
law ' ^l ' ^ ^- _. ; and has been mayor of Quebec* Alexander 
mart: irner, of Boston, May 28th, 1817, Their chil- 

dren were JuUn and Lucy, 

Their daughter Lucy married Hon, Edward L. Keyes, May 30th, 
1843. Their children were Caroline Florence, born March 23, 1844; 
PAlexander S. Brooks, born July 28, 1846, and George Stuart, his 
twin ; Edward Livingston, born Sept. 26, 1848. Edw, L, Keyes 
died June 6th, 1859, aged 47. 

John Brooks never married. For manly beauty and grace he had 
no rival. He commenced the study of medicine under his father^* 
Vol, XIX. 17 




194 Memoir of Governor John BrooJa. [Joty/ 

direction ; but a commission in the navy drew him into the United 
States service, where he distinguished himself; and as a Lieutenant 
stood at the side of Commodore 0. H. Perry, in the decisive battle on 
Lake Erie, Sept. 10th, 1813. A cannon ball severed one leg from his 
body at the hip, and he died after two hours. 

Commodore Perry wrote to his father thus : — ** Lake Erie, Sept'. 12, 
1813. Sir, It is with heart-felt pain I am under the necessity of com- 
municating to you the irreparable loss which you and our country 
have sustained in the death of your gallant and worthy son, Lieut. 
John Brooks. He fell in the action with the English Squadron at the 
head of Lake Erie, on the 10th inst., while nobly animating his men to 
their duty. I sympathize with you most sincerely, and am, with high 
respect, Your Obd. Servt. 0. H. Pebbt." 

The 19th of April, 1775, sounded a nation^s summons to the patri- 
otic and the brave. The young physician of Beading heard it, and 
sprang from his bed before daylight, and was soon leading his com- 
pany of " minute-men " towards Concord, where he first saw the ene- 
my. Perceiving they had to pass a bridge and causeway, and must 
call in their flank guards, he took a position behind a waU and fired 
on them with effect as they passed the narrow defile. He pursued them 
to Oharlestown Neck, killing several ; but shielded his men so judi- 
ciously as to lose none. He was very busy with Col. Prescott through 
the night of the 16th of June ; and was selected by him to go to Gam- 
bridge and explain to Oen. Ward the reasons for sending reinforce- 
ments to Bunker Hill. He was obliged to walk. The historian says : 
— " His conduct entitled him to great credit in the arrangements of the 
memorable 17th of June." His skill in the combinations of military 
manoduvres had the ease of a natural gift. He dedicated bis whole 
soul to his country ; and so e£Scient were his labors that on the iSrst 
of January, 1776, he received the following from Congress : — " We, 
reposing special trust in your patriotism, valor, conduct and fidelity, 
do, by these presents, constitute and appoint you to be Miy'or of Uie 
19th regiment of foot, commanded by Col. Charles Webb. By order 
of Congress. John Hamcogk, Prea." 

He was promoted to the rank of Lieut. Colonel in 1777. He took 
the post of danger in the battle of Saratoga, Oct. 7, 1777. The his- 
torian says : — " On the left of Arnold's detachment, Jackson^s regi- 
ment of Massachusetts, then led by Lieut. Col. Brooks, was still 
more successful. It turned the right of the encampment, and carried 
by storm the works occupied by the German reserve. Lieut. Bray- 
man was killed ; and Brooks maintained the ground he had gained. 
This advantage of the Americans was decisive." 

Another historian, member of the army, says : — " The capture of 
Oen. Burgoyne and his army may be attributed in no small degree to 
the gallant conduct of Col. Brooks and his regiment, on the 7th of Oc- 
tober, in the battle of Saratoga." 

In 1819 the Hon. Roger Wolcott Williams, of Connecticut, gave me 
a minute account of Col. Brooks's skill and bravery on that occasion. 
I will only mention the central fact. " When the Col. saw that the 
decisive moment had come, he lifted his sword in the air and cried, 
' Follow your Col. at double quick.' He Immediately led the way to 
the top of the entrenchments, crying, come on, come on. They did 



1865.] Memoir of Governor John Brooks. 196 

come on ; and the most violent and bloody conflict ensned, in which 
they decided the fate of the day." There were 5,752 prisoners taken. 
It it not necessary to repeat the history of his labors and skill at 
Dorchester Heights, Long Island, White Plains and other places. 
The historian says : — ** There were scarcely any important services 

Eerformed in the northern and central operations of the army in which 
e did not act a conspicuous part." 

One quotation from an eye-witness will more than justify all I have 
stated. He says: "The confidence which Washington reposed in 
Gol. Brooks, was shown on many occasions ; and particularly in call- 
ing him to his councils in that terrible moment, when at Newburgh, 
in March, 1783, a conspiracy of some of the officers had well nigh 
disgraced the army and ruined the country. On this occasion the 
commander-in-chief, to whom this wen (he most anxiotis moment of his 
UfSf rode up to Col. Brooks with the intent to ascertain how the 
officers stood affected. Finding him, as he expected, to be sound, he 
requested him to keep his officers within quarters, to prevent them 
from attending the insurgent meeting. Brooks replied—' Sir, I have 
anticipated your wishes, and my orders are given.' Washington, 
with tears in his eyes, took him by the hand and said, — Colonh. 

BbOOKS, TmS IS JUST WHAT I EXPECTED FROIC TOU." 

In private papers, left by Gov. Brooks, there is evidence of his 
early conviction that Armstrong was the author of the anonymooB 
insurrectionary letter of Newburgh. 

The high estimate made by Oen. Washington of Ool. Brooks's tal- 
ents and character, is shown in an unpublished letter, dated — " Head 
Quarters, 24th March, 1778." A few extracts are as follows :— " With 
a view of establishing uniformity of discipline and manosuvres in the 
anny , it is in Sigitation to form an inspectorship distributed among differ- 
ent officers. The Baron Steuben, a gentleman of high military rank, 
profound knowledge and great experience in his profession, is placed at 

the head of this department As the office of Sub-inspector 

cannot4>e filled with propriety but by men whose character and abili- 
ties will give them influence and ensure their success, I would make 
choice of gentlemen who unite those advantages ; and in my own 

mind have fixed on you as one There will be an additional 

share of duty incident to the office, which will probably be considered 
in determining the emoluments ; but will more especially be com- 
pensated by the honor and respectability attached to it. 

" If you choose to accept the appointment, you will be pleased to 
acquaint me immediately with your intentions, that I may have yon 
relieved. The time for action advances with hasty strides ; we should 
therefore improve every minute ; and the sooner you enter on the 
function of Sub-inspector the more likely will you be to reap the satis- 
faction of doing essential service to the army. 

I am. Sir, your most obedient servant, 

G. WASfflKGTON." 

He accepted the office, and performed its duties so thoroughly as 
to be several times referred to, by Gen. Washington, as an example. 
He tempered an iron decision with a gentlemanly mildness as very 
few men can. His uniform and efficient love of his men, caring for 
them and doing for them as if each was a brother, won the hearts of 
his soldiers. 



196 Memoir of Governor John Brooki. [Joly, 

Gen. Lafayette^s letters to Gov. Brooks are full of expressions of 
fraternal regard. One short extract will suffice as an example. 

" New York, Sept. 20, 1824. 

My dear Friend, Col. Huger, my noble deliverer from the 

01m utz prison, whose enterprise and sufferings you well know, is 
going to Boston. I am sure you will be glad to see him ; and I take 

this opportunity to let you hear from me Receive, my dear 

Friend, the affectionate and grateful wishes of your old brother sol- 
dier. Remember me to family and friends ; and believe me forever 
most tenderly attached to you. Lafayette." 

The following record shows that the Major General of the Massa- 
chusetts militia was needed at Cambridge : 

" At a meeting of the President and Fellows of Harvard University, 
July 14, 1786, Voted,— That John Brooks, Esq. be requested to give 
his attendance at the University on Commencement day and night, 
and the day and night following, to assist in preserving peace and good 
order during that season. Joseph Willard, President." 

After the conclusion of the. war. Col. Brooks was invited by Dr. 
Tufts to take his place as the physician of Medford ; and this was a 
very popular arrangement. He accepted ; and on the 18th of October, 
1786, was elected a fellow of the Massachusetts Medical Society ; of 
which Society he was a counsellor in 1803 ; and before which he de- 
livered, in 1808, the annual address, on Pneumonia. He was chosen 
P^sident of the Society after he had left the chair of State, and kindly 
remembered it in his will. Dr. Dixwcll says : " As a physician he 
ranked in the first class of practitioners. He possessed in an eminent 
degree those qualities which were calculated to render him the most 
useful in his professional labors, and the delight of those to whom he 
administered relief. His manners were dignified, courteous and be- 
nign. He was sympathetic, patient and attentive. His mind was 
well furnished with scientific and practical knowledge." 

One so distinguished for sound judgment, lofty principle •and pa- 
tient labor could not be spared from the public service. Washing^n 
and Adams both selected him for public trusts. Sept. 12, 1791, he 
was appointed, by Jefferson, Marshal of the district of Massachusetts ; 
and Nov. 6, 1795, this commission was renewed. Dec. 22d, 1796, he 
received the appointment of " Inspector of the revenue for Survey 
No. 2, in the district of Massachusetts." 

Of military titles he had many : that of Major in 1776 ; that of 
Brevet Colonel in 1787 ; that of Major General in the Massachusetts 
third division in 1786 ; that of Brigadier General in the United 
States Army in 1792. 

The following records belong to the biography of General 
Brooks. "Monday, March 31, 1800. The following written mes- 
sage was received from the President of the United States, by Mr. 
Shaw, his Secretary : — 

" Gentlemen of the Senate. I nominate John Brooks, of Massachu- 
setts, to be a Major General in the army, in place of Henry Knox, who 
has declined the appointment. John Adams." 

" The message was read. — Ordered that it be laid over for cou' 
sideration." 



1865.] Memoir of Governor John Broolcs. 197 

" April Ist, 1800. The message nominating John Brooks as Migor 
General was considered, and the fnrther cousideration postponed/' 

I have carefuUj sought the reasons alleged for this decision ; bnt 
have found none. Seeing President John Adams very often during 
the last yeai*s of his life, I well remember how cordially and fully he 
approved o6 the character and conduct of Oen. Brooks. I think thei 
action of the Senate was based on the idea, that New England had 
already too many Major Oenerals. 

Dr. Dixwell says : — " Almost every institution of a literary, reli- 
gious, patriotic, benevolent or professional character seemed to vie with 
each other in conferring their highest honors on him." The honorary 
degree of A.M. was conferred on him by Yale College in 1T81 ; by 
Harvard College in 1787. In 1810 Harvard College conferred on him 
the degree of M.D. ; and in 1817 its highest degree, LL.D. He was 
selected to deliver the first oration before the Cincinnati, July 4th, 
1787 ; and after the death of Oen. Lincoln, the first President, was 
chosen his successor. He was a member of the American Academy 
of Arts and Sciences ; President of the Bunker Hill Monument Asso- 
ciation ; and President of the Massachusetts Bible Society. From 
the office of Justice of the Peace, whicli he received from Gov. Han- 
cock, Jan. 28, 1785, to his resignation of the gubernatorial chair, he 
was never in want of civic honors. He was elected deacon of the 
first church in Medford ; but declined only on account of his age. 

In the short notice of Governor Brooks here inserted, it is not pro- 
posed to speak of his whole life or labors. His domestic character 
was as beautiful a specimen of nobility and love as was ever shown. 
While Governor I saw him go into our kitchen, sit down before the 
fire and make some wine-whey for his sick cousin. He would allow 
no one to help him. 

He was not accustomed to select the defects or faults of others as 
topics of conversation. He loved to dwell on the character of Wash- 
ington and his fellow officers of the army. I once asked him to sketch 
the character of Major Gen. Lincoln. He sent me the following : — 

" I was more acquainted with G^n. Lincolp as a man than as a sol- 
dier. His manners were dignified, but plain, and wholly free firom 
ostentation. As a man he was remarkable for cool deliberation ; for 
great good sense and sound judgment ; for inflexible integrity and a 
straight forward course of action. He thought much, and had his 
opinions, but they were his own. He was no bigot in religion, nor 
enthasiast in politics. He had the faculty of communicating his views 
distinctly, and of bringing others to a coincidence of opinion with 
himself, yet was no dogmatist. His suavity arose from an unaffected 
ease and simplicity of manner, and from the artless power he pos- 
sessed of impressing on other minds the fulness of his own con- 
victions. With great benignity of disposition he was steady in 
executing his purposes : hence, though he often disappointed others, 
he seldom offended them. He was judiciously communicative ; but 
never garrulous. Nature denied him fluency, and a consciousness of 
it might have induced a degree of occasional reserve, which in some 
men would have passed for pride. When most retired and taciturn, he 
would appear cheerful and be pleased with the converse and humor 
of others ; and never indicated anything like haughtiness or austeri- 
ty. Though plethoric and inclined to obesity, Gen Lincoln could 
Vol. fix. 17* 



198 



ffmmr of Governor John BrooJci, 



endure (especially before he recei%^ed bis wound, in October^ HTt), 
great exercise and fatigue : and ]i>cing no epicure, could sustain him* 
self as long and as patiently as any one on the humblest fare of a 
common eoldier." The letter was never finished. 

Another unpublished letter of Gov. Brooks refers to the complaints 
connected with the burial of the English Gen. Frazer ; snd is as fol* 
lows : — 

'* Dear Sir, ** Medford, Nov, 9, 1820. 

I thank you for sending me Prof Silliman^B ' Short Tour from Hart- 
ford to Quebec ; ' and it gives me great pleasure to see that you take 
eo lively an interest in the reputation of our country as connected 
with the temper and conductor the arniy of the American Revolution, 
Afi I was not present with the * advance corps ' of the army, 
under the immediate command of Gen. Lincoln, on the 8th of October, 
1177, 1 could have no knowledge of the circumstances to which your 
letter relates. The official communications of Gen, Bnrgoyne to his 
goveniment, dated immediately after hia surrender, but not published 
in America until many months afterwards, gave me the first informa- 
tion that our cannon had annoyed the British army while performing 
the rites of sepulchre at the interment of Gen. Frazer. It was long 
after this that 1 heard the explanation given to the cannonade, which 
you mention as having been received by you from our late worthy 
friend Major Gen. Wioslow. But, whether he ever gave that expla- 
nation to me or not, I would not now venture to affirm. Gen. Bur- 
goyne, you are sensible, was garrulous and sometimes eloquent ; but, 
as his ii[ifiated, fulminating and sanguinary proclamations did not 
deter the American army of freemen from meeting his bayonets, so 
neither did the plaintive and dolorous description of the interment of 
Gen. Frazer, after a signal defeat, in a moment of dismay and retreat, 
and during a cannonade from our batteries, make any impression on 
my judgment as to the nature of that transaction ; and 1 confess that 
I feel perfectly willing that the account, as stated by Gen, Burgoyne 
himself, should go down to posterity, if the future historians of his 
nation should think fit to perpetuate the whining plaints of an osten- 
tatious, misjudging and luckless eliief. 1 presume that no impartial 
military man has imagined, or ever will imagine, the conduct of the 
American army, in the instance in question, as violating the laws of 
war or humanity. The accomplished wife of Gen. Reidczel, and 
several other excellent women, whom Gen. Burgoyne had no doubt 
induced to become followers in his train under the delusive hope of 
being sharers in the benefits of his conquests, were among the hap- 
less witnesses of the scene. It would have evinced the good sense 
as well as the gallantry of the courtly chief, had he resigned the execu* 
tion of that episode in his tragic story to the fair companions of his 
fate. 

" Gen. Bnrgoyne was a courtier ; and hie talents were better fitted 
to the Court of St. James than to the theatre of American warfare. 
He had ambition, but it was a selfish one. He had no pretensions to 
magnanimity. He held the Americans and their cause in contempt. 
I recollect no indication of humane sentiment from the commence- 
ment of his career to his final overthrow and disgrace," 

Among military men swords are often the brightest records of their 



I 




1 866.] Memoir of Governor Jokn Brooh. 199 

character and snccesB. In Ooy. Brooks's family are several comme^ 
moratiye swords. One called the " straight g^t scabbard sword/' 
has the following engraved inscription : — 

" To His Excellency John Brooks, Commander in Chief of the 
Militia of Massachusetts, and twice Commander of the Ancient 
and Honorable Artillery Company, this Sword is most respect- 
fully presented by that Ancient Corps, in full confidence that it will 
be wielded with glory and success in War, and be preserved untar- 
nished in Peace.'' 

On the other side was the following: 

" Presented on the field in Boston, June 2d, 1817 ; and on the 180th 
anniversary of the Institution." 

The sword, worn by Col. Brooks in the battle at Saratoga, Oct. 7th» 
1777, has been presented by A. L. Eawson, Esq., to the " Mass. His- 
torical Society.'' It is called ** The sword of Saratoga." The sword 
carried by Col. Alexander S. Brooks through the war of 1812-14, is 
preserved. The one he wore, at the time of his death, was captured 
by his father from a Hessian officer in one of the battles of the revo- 
lution. 

Another sword belonging to Col. Alex. S. Brooks was given to his 
son George, by his mother. He was Lieutenant in the 2d Mass. Hea- 
vy Artillery in 1862, at Newbem, N. C. 

John, the son of Oov. Brooks, had a long curved sabre presented to 
him by Lafayette in Paris. It had a rich sash attached to it. This 
sabre and sash were on his person when killed in the naval battle on 
Lake Erie. 

These sword memorials are preserved as historical data, and as tes- 
timonies of rank and character. 

Passed Midshipman John Brooks, son of Col. Alexander S. Brooks, 
died in'Boston, June 4th, 1843. He was a devoted and tender son ; 
an affectionate brother and a gallant officer. 

The last years of Oov. Brooks were passed in the midst of loving 
neighbors and friends. His last illness was a short one. He was 
aware of his approaching end, and said to Mrs. Jonathan Brooks, his 
nearest relative in Medford, " I have received orders and am ready 
to march." He was indeed ready ; for the lamp of religion was with- 
in him trimmed and burning, and he was waiting for the coming of his 
Lord. 

The- granite pyramid, that stands in the old burying, ground, has 
the following inscription : — 

*' Sacred lo the memory of John Brooks, who was born in Medford, 
in the month of May, 1752, and educated at the town school. He 
took up arms for his country on the 19th of April, 1775. He com- 
manded the regiment which first entered the enemy's lines at Sara- 
torn ; and served with honor to the end of the war. He was ap- 
pouted Marshal of the District of Massachusetts by President Wash- 
ington, and after filling several important civil and military offices, he 
was, in the year 1816, chosen Governor of the Commonwealth, and dis- 
charged the duties of that station for seven successive years to general 
acceptance. He was a kind and skilful physician ; a brave and prudent 
clfficer ; a wise, firm and impartial magistrate ; a true patriot, a good 
citisen and a faithful firiend. In his manners he was a gentleman ; in 



itOO Early Marriages m North Bridgewaier. [Jul/, 

morale, pure ; and in profession and practice, a consistent Christian. 
He departed this life in peace on the 1st of March, L825, aged seventy- 
three. This monument to his honored memory was erected by sevend 
of his fellow citizens asd friends, in the year 1838." 



n m t w t ^ t 



MARRIAGES IN THE NORTH PARISH OP BBIDGEWATER 
(NOW NORTH BBIDGEWATER), PROM JANUARY 1, 1742, 
TO JANUARY, 1780. 

BT BEY. JOHN POETEB. 
[Communicated bj Bhadfobd Km gxan, Em}., Brookline, Mass.] 

Daniel Ames and Hannah Keith, Jan. 28, 1742. 

Joseph Richards and Mary Hamlin, Sept. 28, 1742. 

Jacob Packard and Dorothy Perkins, Nov. 24, 1742. 

James Powel and Alice Harris, Jan. 12, 1748. 

Henry Kingman and Abigail Copeland, March 15, 1748. 

Thomas Henry and Ann Miller, March 21, 1743. 
^Thomas Mitchell and Rebecca Colly, March 8, 1744. 

Jedediah Jordan and Sarah French, Jnne 4, 1744. 

Elias Monk and Elizabeth Buck, June 28, 1744. 

William Shurtleff and Sarah Kingman, Feb. 7, 1745. 

Isaac Allen and Joanna Packard, Feb. 20, 1745. 

Joseph Petengill and Mary Edson, Feb. 25, 1745. 

John Alden and Rebecca Nightengale, March 15, 1745. 

Peter Edson and Sarah SouthwortA, March 28, 1746. 

Isaac Packard and Abigail Porter, March 28, 1745. 
*AmoB Cordner and Abigail Oolly, April 18, 1745. 

David Edson and Susanna Emmett, Jan. 1, 1746. 

Ebenezer Packard and Sarah P^kins, Feb. 25, 1746. 

Nathan Keith and Hannah Snell, Aug. 26, 1746. 

Nathan Hartwell and Susanna Field, Oct. 16, 1746. 

Joseph Petengill and Lydia Phillips, Dec. 25, 1746. 

Josiah Packard and Sarah Ames, Jan. 12, 1747. 

Joseph Grossman and Mary Oary, Feb. 18, 1747. 

Benjamin Petengill and Mary Kingpnan, April 30, 1747. 

Zebulon Gary and Mehitable Oannett, Oct. 8, 1747. 

Ebenezer Warren and Mary Nightengale, Oct. 1^, 1747. 

Jonathan Cary and Mary Curtis, Dec. 80, 1747. 

William Strowbridge and Jennet Samson, June 16, 1748. 

Thomas Reynolds and Elisabeth Turner, Nov. 8, 1748. 

William Morrison and Sarah Montgomery, Nov. 10, 1748. 

Nehemiah Lincoln and Keziah Packard, Nov. 24, 1748. 

Simeon Brett and Mehitable Packard, Jan. 81, 1749. 

Samuel Noyes and Mary Fields March 16, 1749. 

Oapt. John Phillips and Widow Bridget Southworth, April 19, 1749. 

Abijah Hill and Sarah Lawson, May 12, 1749. 

Jonathan Randall and Abigail Allen, July 27, 1749. 



1866.] Early Marriages in North BridgewaUr. 201 

Lnke Perkins and Rebecca Packard, Aug. 84, 1749. 
John Battles and Hannah Curtis, Nov. 16, 1749. 
Ebenezer Hayward and Elizabeth Hanmer, Dec. 18, 1750. 
Edward Southworth and Abia Packard, Dec. 16, 1750. 
David Howard, jr. and Rezia Ames, Feb. 5, 1751. 
Noah Tinkham and Sarah Porter, June 16, 1751. 
David French and Abigail Owen, July 4, 1751. 
Ebenezer Edson and Lucy Packard, Nov. 7, 1751. 
William Curtis and Deborah Wales, Jan. 2, 1752. 
*Moses Sash and Sarah Colley, May 1, 1752. 
Elias Monk and Elisabeth Wright, May 27, 1752. 
Samuel Cole and Sarah Packard, Nov. 16, 1752. 
♦Segnio Scott and Peggy Howland, Dec. 13, 1752. 
John Allen and Sarah Campbell,. July 12, 1753. 
♦Cuff Robin and Mary Robin, Nov. 3, 1753. 
Zachariah Gumey and Mary Ames, Jan. 9, 1754. 
Jesse Edson and Lydia Packard, March 26, 1754. 
Isaac Perkins and Joanna Edson, May 2/ 1754. 
Simeon Cary and Mary Howard, June 27, 1754. ^ 
William Edson and Martha Howard, Nov. 27, 1754. 
John McBride and Jane Wilson, Jan. 16, 1755. 
Daniel Petengill, jr. and Sarah Gannett, April 9, 1755. 
Barnabas Howard and Mehitable Packard, July 2, 1755. 
Josiah Perkins and Abigail Edson, Aue. 17, 1755. 
'Matthew Kingman and Jane Packard, Nov. 6, 1755. 
Isaac Alden and Martha Packard, Nov. 6, 1755. 
Nathaniel Tilden and Susanna Brett, Nov. 11, 1755. 
Jacob Dunbar and Hannah Randall, July 8, 1756. 
Nathaniel Ijttlefield and Hannah Curtis, March 3, 1756. 
Andrew Gammel and Betty Sampson, Oct. 27, 1756. 
Joshua Packard, jr. and Martha Hartwell, Oct. 28, 1756. 
David Edson and Sarah Edspn, Dec. 8, 1756. 
Thomas West and Mercy Packard, Dec. 9, 1756. 
Edmund Soper and Eunice Curtis,^ Dec. 30, 1756. 
Robert Howard and Abigail Snell, May 5, 1757. 
Lemuel Southworth and Patience West, Nov. 6, 1767. 
Joseph Cole and Betty Southworth, Dec. 8, 1757. 
Simon Griffin and Widow Jennet Brown, Jan. 5, 1758. 
Ephraim Willis and Elisabeth Gumsey, April 13, 1758. 
Frederick Pope and Mary Cole, June 8, 1758. 
Abia Packard and Phebe Pain, Dec. 30, 1758. 
Jacob Edson and Betty Packard, May 14, 1759. 
Aaron Hammond and Mary Hammond, June 25, 1759. 
^ Adam Howard and Mary Keith, June 25, 1759. 
Reuben Packard and Anna Perldns, Oct. 3, 1759. 
Jonathan Orcutt and Experience Washburn, Nov. 5, 1759. 
Levi Keith and Jemima Perkins, Nov. 8, 1759. 
Elisha Gumey and Jane Kingman, March 13, 1760. 
Adam Kingman and Ruth White, March 27, 1760. 
Solomon Packard and Widow Dorothy Perldns, Oct. 5, 1760. 
Edmund Petengill and Sarah Curtis, Jan. 15, 1761. 
Robert Morrison and widow Mary Dorman, Jan. 22, 1761. 
Ezekiel Southworth and Mary Newman, April 7, 1761. 



to^ 



Eary Marriages in North BriigODoler. 



tJuifn 



Zcbedee Snel! and Martha Howard, April 9, 1161. 

Simeon Packard and Mary Perkins, July 6, U6L 

Zachariah Watkm8 and Abigail Keith, Sept. 4, 1761. 

Seth Dunbar and Deborah Belcher, Dec, iJ, 1161, 

Daniel Littlcficld and Catbanoe Cole, Feb. 11, 1762, 

Solomon Smith and Elisabeth Cole, Feb; 11, 1762. 

Nathaniel South worth and Catlierine Howard, Auf^, 27, 1762. 

Ephraim Thayer and Phebe Porter, Deo, 23, 1762. 

Benjamin Packard and Ruth Leach, Feb. 13, 1763. 

Capt. Eliphalet Phillips and Mary Howard . March 3, 1763, 

Benjamin Southworth and Mary Smith, March 3, 1763. 

JoBiah Ilayden and Silence Howard, March 15. 1763* 

John Packard and Sarah Hammond, March 17, 1763. 

Simeon Alden and Mary Packard, May 23, 1763* 

Samuel Briggs, jr. and Rhoda Juree, Sept. 3, 1763. 

Joseph Fetengill, jr. and widow Hepzibali Town send, Feb. 20, 1764. 

Ebenezer Snell and Sarah Packard, April 5, 1764. 

Job Bryant and Mary Turner, May 3, 1764. 

Samuel Porter and Widow Ruth Reed, May 31, 1764. 
♦Bennet 0. Batton and Abigail Oordner, Nov. 8, 1764. 
♦Pompey and Mehitable Collr, Nov. B, 1764, 
*Plato and Rachel Colly, Nov. 8, 1764. 

Mark Ford and Hannah Brett, Nov. 22, 1764. 

Levi French and Amy Packard, Nov. 29, 1764. 

David Packard and Joanna Jackson, Dec. 27, 1764. 

Isaac Brett and Priscilla Jackson, Jan. 17, 1765. 

Dependence French and Rebecca Hammond, Feb. 7, 1766. 

Soth Bryant and Elisabeth French, Feb. 7, 1765. 

Micah Oumey and Hopestill Jackson, April 25, 1765. 

Jonathan Lawrence and Rachel Smith, May 22, 1765, 

Enoch Thayer and Rebecca Curtis, July 4, 1765. 

Daniel Packard and Hannah Perkins, July 14, 1766. 

Daniel Edson and Olive Fuller, Oct. 21, 1765. 

Phillip Reynolds and Hannah Packard, Oct. 29, 1765. 

Simeon Leach and Betty Curtis, Dec. 31, 1765. 

Theophilus Curtis and Mehitable Keith, Feb. 13, 1766, 

George Packard and Abigail Packard, May 15, 1766. 

John Morrison and Elisabeth Griffin, Oct, 27, 1766. 

Robert Fulton and Agnes Thompson, July 23, 1767. 

Hosea Dunbar and Jennet Hendry, Oct. 22, 1767. 

David Packard and Dorothy Bassett, Dec. 31, 1767. 

Jeremiah Beal and Mary French, June 20, 1768. 

Dominicus Record and Martha Dailey, Aug. 19, 1768. 

Isaiah Fuller and Mary Keyzer, Sept. 30, 176S. 

Joshua Beale and Susanna Edson, Oct. 17, 1768. 

Joseph Hayward and Olive Manly, Oct. 20. 1768. 

Eliab Packard and Alice Packard, May 14, 1769. 

Jesse Perkins and Susanna Field, June 5, 1769. 

WiUiam Packard and Hannah Reynolds, June 8, 1769. 

Eleazer Cole and Lucy Shurtletr, July 11, 1769. 

Samuel Sturtevant and Sarah Packard, Sept. 14, 1769. 

Thomas Burgall and Elisabeth Pain, Dec. 8, 1769. 

Capt. Moses Curtis and Hannah Belcher, Dec. 14, 1769. 



1865.] Early Marriages in North Briigewaier. 203 

James Carkis Woodwis i^ud Hannah Washburn, Feb. 12, 1770. 
*Henry Traveller and Violet Powell, Feb. 27, 1770. 
"I" Ashley Curtis and Susanna Fuller, April 12, 1770. 

Thomas Hamipond and Betty Mallet, i^^nli&JlllO. 

Benjamin Robinson and EveT^ackard^ May 20, 1770. 

Japhet Beal and Patienee Keith, Feb. 7, 1771. 

John Montgomery and Margaret Hendry, Feb. 28, 1771. 

Daniel Duub^ and Abigail Kingman, May 2, 1771. 

John Ames, jr. and Martha Park, May 0, 1771. 

Abijah Stowell and Bhoda Packard, Oct. 17, 1771. 

Zachariah Sylvester and Mehitable Gary, Nov. 14, 1771. 

John Kingman and Widow Ann Petengill, Feb. 13, 1778. 

Edward Bass and Bathsheba Keith, Feb. 27, 1772. 

Edward Bartlett and Zilpah Gole, May 7, 1772. 

Rev. Samuel Niles and Mrs. Mary Dodge, June 8, 1772. 

Silas Dunbar and Amy Reynolds, July 2, 1772. 

Joseph Reynolds and Jemima Perkins, Sept. 17, 1772. 

Samuel Dike and Lois Fuller, Nov. 12, 1772. 

Isaac Buck and Sarah Hayward^ Feb. 4, 1773. 

Benjamin Ford and Sarah Brett, Feb. 18, 1778. 

Moses Gary and Susanna Field, April 13, 1773. 

William Shaw and Dorcas Smith, June 24, 1773. 

Daniel Howard and Vesta Howard, June 29, 1773. 

William French and Mary Perkins, July 8, 1773. 

William French and Alice Washburn, Aug. 12, 1773. 

Ephraim Packard and Sarah Packard, Sept. 1, 1773. 

Edward Spear and Oatherine Dorman, Dec. 7, 1773. 

Ebenezer Howard and Silence Snell, Dec. 23, 1773. 

John Freelove and Sarah Wood, Jan. 4, 1774. 

Ebenezer Packard and Mary Reynolds, March 31, 1774. 

Jacob Packard 3d and R^ecca French, May 5, 1774. 

Barnabas Gurtis and Esther Finney, June 6, 1774. 

Abiel Harris and Susanna Snell, Nov. 17, 1774. 

Mark Packard and Hannah Shaw, Dec. 15, 1774. 

Simeon Keith and Molly Gary, Ju^e 15, 1775. 

Benjamin Packard and Lurania Finney, Aug. 22, 1775. 

Amaziah Gole and Rebecca Gole, Sept. 8, 1775. 

Rufus Brett and Susanna Gary, Sept. 28, 1775. 

Benjamin Glark and Mehitable Edson, Dec. 21, 1775. 

Seth Harris and Susanna Warren, April 2, 1776. 

Ebenezer Warren and Eunice Warren, May 9, 1776. 
^Elias Sewell and Amy Dunbar, Oct. 28, 1776. 

Seth Wentworth and Jane Warren, Nov. 7, 1776. 

John Noyes and Zibia Brett, Nov. 7, 1776. 

Samuel Linfield and Elizabeth Porter, Dec. 5, 1776. 

Daniel Howard and Abigail Packard, Dec. 22, 1776. 

Nathaniel Hammond and Elisabeth Wales, Jan. 13, 1777. 

John Oumey and Mehitable Southworth, Jan. 29, 1777. 

Nathaniel Southworth and Jenny Brett, March 18, 1777. 

Daniel Dickerman and Ruth Tuel, March 20, 1777. 

Josiah Edson 2d and Reliauoe Fuller, April 2, 1777. 

Nathaniel ReyiM>ld8, jr. and Be^lhia Keith, April 20, 1777. 

OvjpL Zebedee Snell and U^ikj H%yw<«rd, July i, 1777. 



20i 



Protestant Dutch Church of Schmdctaiy^ K Y. [Jalj, 



Thaddeus Pratt and Rachel Churchill, July 23, 1771. 

Jonathan Keith and Hannah Snell, Aug. 28, 1777. 

Benjamin Fuller and Sarah Amea, Sept. 8, 1777. 

Janaa Packard and Mehi table Brett, Sept 11, 1777. 

Nuah Pratt and Desire Cole, Sept, 25, 1777. 

Oliver Packard and Relief Edeon, Nov. 20, 1777. 

Ephraim Cole and Silence Webb, Dec, 18, 1777. 

Benjamin Hay ward and Abigail Perkins, Dec. 25, 1777, 

Simeon Brett and Susanna Perkins, Dec. 26, 1777. 

filisha Ilayward, jr, and Molly BJanchard, Jan. 13, 1778- 
♦Boston Foye and Betty Cordncr, Feb. 26, 1778. 

Samoel Brett, jr. and Molly Packard, March 18, 1778. 
♦Cajar Eaeton and Eunice Sewell, May 19, 1778. 

Seth Keith and Widow Hannah Keith, April 2, 1778. 
♦Luther Jotham and Mary Mitchell. April 8, 17*78. 

Parmenas Packard and Martha Reynolds, April 9, 1778. 

Charles Snell and Mary Kingman, April 26, 1778. 

Daniel Gary and Mehitable Brett, May 14, 1778. 

Nathan Edson and Susanna Allen, May 28, 1778. 
♦Cuffee Wright and Anna Cordner, Aug. 6, 1778. 

Nathan Billings and Sarah Warren, Aug. 19, 1778. 

James Packard, jr. and Jemima Churchill, Aug. 27, 1778. 

Noah Ames and Ruhamah French, Oct. 5, 1778. 

Archippas Taylor and Hannah Warren, Oct. 27, 1778* 

Seth Snow and Mary Snow, Nov. 17, 1778. 

Timothy Ames and Abigail Howard, Nov. 19, 1778. 

John French and Damans Howard, Jan. 20, 1779. 

Abijah Thayer and Betty Howard, March 16, 1779. 

Gary Hayward and Mary Thompson, April 29, 1779. 

Oliver Wontworth and Sarah Leach, June 15, 1779. 

Zephaniah Lathrop and Sarah Packard, Sept. 2, 1779. 

Ebenezer Thayer and Lydia West, Sept, 23, 1779, 

Ephraim Willis, jr. and Eunice Egerton, Sept. 23, 1779. 

Israel Burr and Hannah Ames, Oct. 26, 1779. 

Silas Hayward and Mary Thayer, Dec. 9, 1779. 



NOTICES OF THE MINISTERS OF THE REFORMED PROTEST-! 

ANT DUTCH CHURCH OF SCHENECTADY, N. Y. 

{By Prof. Jonathan Psajuon, Union College.) 

A PERitiKEKT settlement was began at Schenectady in the Spring of 
1662. The head of this enterprise was Arent Van Curler, Superin- 
tendent of the Colonic of Reuse laerwyck. 

He was a man greatly beloved by the Uohawks, and his early 
death in 1667 was severely felt by the infant settlement. Schenec- 
tady was simply an offshoot of Beverwyck (Albany), thrust fifteeo 
miles into the wilderness. Her Brst settlers and propHetors were 
chiefly citizens of the latter town. The ostensible object of the set- 
tiement was the poBsession and cultivation of the great flat (*' Oroote| 



1865.] Protestant Dutch Church of Schenectady, N. Y. 205 

Vlachte)" lying on the West side of the present town ; but the In- 
dian trade in beavers doubtless had its influence in enticing the wor- 
thy burghers away from the guns of Fort Orange. For one hundred 
years no town in New York was so purely Dutch as this ; being the 
extreme settlement of the white man, for many years it gained in 
population slowly and chiefly by natural increase. 

In the absence of early records, which were destroyed in the massa- 
cre of 1690, it is impossible to fix the precise date of the church 
organization ; but there is reason to believe that it took place before 
th<e year 1674, or within ten years of the commencement of the settle- 
ment. Dominie Schaets, of Albany, by invitation occasionally offi- 
ciated here until 1685. During that and the following years, a small 
house of worship was built, with glazed windows and shingle roof; 
and a " kerkhof*' was fenced in. This sacred spot lay on the West 
side of the church, which stood near the junction of State and Church 
Streets, and is now a paved thoroughjOaj-e ; above the heads of tbe 
slumbering dead rolls the traffic of the busy city. 

Petrus Thesschenmaecker. 

1685-1690. Dominie Thesschenmaecker was the first settled min- 
ister. '* Being a man of sober life and conversacon, having deported 
himselfe to sattisfaction of ye Inhabitance,'* the people of Esopus peti- 
tioned Governor Andross to help them in procuring " Mr. Peettar 
Tasetmakr'' as their minister. This was in 1676. Three years after 
the Inhabitants of Newcastle upon Delaware River made a like appli-> 
cation, and probably with success ; for Nov. 20, 1679, a lot 300 by 
480 ft. was conveyed to him there. And again, Nov. 3, 1685, M 
received a patent for 80 acres of land on Staten Island, N. Y., from 
whence he was probably called to the church in Schenectady. The 
few leaves of the Deacon's account book, which passed safely through 
the flames of the 6th Feb., 1690, show that he was actively engaged 
in completing the first House of Worship during the years 1085-t. 
His labors and life closed on that fatal night. The French captain 
gave command to spare his life, but his savage men made no distinc- 
tion between minister and people. He was slain and burnt in ihis 
house then standing on the parsonage lot, East corner of Union and 
Church Streets. He left no heir in this country, and it is supposed 
was unmarried. 

This blow nearly cost the existence of the town ; — until the peace 
of Ryswick in 1697, the miserable remnant left from that cruel massa- 
cre were in constant dread of another visitation ; the air was full of 
rumors and fear filled all hearts. 

From the death of Dominic Thesschenmaecker until July, 1700 — a 
period of more than ten years — the Cliurch was without a settled min- 
ister ; — Dominies Dellius and Nucella, of Albany, officiated twice M 
year during that time. 

Barnhardus Frbericak. 

1700-1705. Dominie Freerman was born in Oilhuis in the Graafschap 

(county) of Denthem, Holland. He received his " exaooien prepare 

toir" before the Classis of Woorden and Overrhynland 9. Mar., and was 

ordained by the Classis of Linge on the 16 i^., 1700. He arrived 

Vol. XIX. 18 



206 Prince's Svbscribers. l^^Jt 

with Dominie Lydius in Albany on the 20th July, and on the 28th he 
first officiated in Schenectady. 

His services were not confined to his congregation ; by appoint- 
ment of the Governor, he also acted as missionary to the Mohawks 
at a salary of £60, and " acquired more skill in their language than 
any other Dutch minister that has been in this country ; a great part 
of our (English) liturgy he has translated into the Indian tongue, 
besides several places of the Old and New Testament." During his 
ministry of five years here, many of the natives were converted to 
the Christian faith and baptized. Having received a call from the four 
Dutch Churches of King's County, he resigned his charge at Sche- 
nectady in July, 1706. The beginning of his ministry in his new 
place was anything but pleasant. A strong party headed by Domi- 
nie Antonides opposed him, and there was war between the rival 
factions for nine years before a compromise could be eflfected. 

He married Margarita, daughter of Capt. Goosen Gerritse Van 
Schaaick,'of New York, Ap. 25, 1705, and died at Midwout (?), L. I., 
in 1741. 

It is not certainly known that the first House of Worship was 
burned by the French in their attack upon the town in 1690 :-^in 
1692 a house was standing upon the old Church lot, and was used 
both as a block-house and a Church. This was used for worship 
until Dominie Freerman came, when another more commodious house 
was erected upon the same spot. 

Prom 1705 to 1715 there was no settled pastor, but occasional ser- 
vice was performed by Dominies Lydius, Du Bois, Vas, and Van 
Driessen. 



BRIEF MEMOIRS AND NOTICES OF PRINCE'S SUBSCRIBERS. 

[ConUnued from page 126.] 

Belcher. — His Excellency, Jonathan Belcher, Esq., Captain General 
and Governor-in-Chief over His Majesty's Provinces of the Massa- 
chusetts Bay and New Hampshire in New England (for Six). 

Andrew Belcher, Esq. (for Two). 

Jonathan Belcher, Esq., Counsellor at Law of the Middle Temple, 
London. 

Of the character and public acts of Gov. Belcher it would be inap- 
propriate to treat here. His father, Andrew Belcher, of Cambridge, 
m. Sarah, dau. of Jonathan Gilbert, and had sons Andrew and Jona- 
than, with several daughters. The Governor's grandfather, Andrew 
of Sudbury, m. Elizabeth, dau. of Nicholas Danforth, of Cambridge, 
and Savage may be consulted for the issue. 

Gov. Jonathan Belcher m. Ist, Mary, dau. of Lt. Gov. Partridge, 
of N. H., who was b. 19 Oct., 1685, and d. 1736, and had— Andrew, 
b. 17 Nov., 1706 ; Sarah, 22d April, 1708, m. Byfield Lyde, 17 Aug., 
1727 ; Jonathan, 23 July, 1710 ; William, 12 April, l7l2; and Thomas, 
13 May, 1713. 

The following items from the Boston newspapers have been kindly 



1865.] Prince's Subscribers. 207 

famished by Mr. Drake. " Boston, Oct. 11. Wednesday night last, 
between the Hours of 11 and 12 o'Clock, the Lady of his Excellency 
Jonathan Belcher, Esq., departed this Life. Her Remains are to be 
interr'd to-morrow about four of the clock." (Boston Gazette, 11 
Oct., 1736.) ** This morning sailed Capt. Fonesfor London, in whom 
went the Hon. Jonathan Belcher, Esq. as agent for this Province and 
the Colony of Conn.ecticut at the Court of Great Britain." — (N. E. 
Weekly Journal, 10 Mch., 1729.) 

" We hear from Burlington in New Jersey, that His Excellency, 
Jonathan Belcher, Esq., Governor of that province, was married on 
the 9th day of this month, to Mrs. Teal, a lady of great merit and a 
handsome fortune. [From a Pbila. paper of 22 Sept.]" (Independent 
Advertiser, 3 Oct., 1748.) 

" The corpse of his Excellency Jonathan Belcher, Esq., late Gov. 
of New Jersey, was brought hither last week from New York, and 
deposited in a new tomb built for that purpose at Cambridge, agreea- 
ble to the desire of his Exceiry, before his death." (News Letter, 
1 Dec, 1757.) 

Mr. Drake has also furnished a note of a funeral Sermon on the 
Governor, "who departed this life at Elizabeth Town, Aug. 31, 1757, 
aged 76," by Rev. Aaron Burr, President of the College of New Jer- 
sey. It is dedicated " to the Hon. Mrs. Mary Louisa Emelia Belcher, 
relict of his late Excellency," &c., — and the " Improvement" states 
that " He was descended from one of the most Honored Families in 
this Country. His Father was the Famous Andrew B., Esq., one of 
his Majesty's Council in the Province of Mass.-Bay, justly esteemed 
an ornament and blessing to his country." " These excellent en- 
dowments of the mind [learning and travel] were set off by a pecu- 
liar beauty and gracefulness of Person, in which he was' excelled by 
no man in his day. There was a dignity in his mien and deportment, 
which commanded respect. This, joined with the frank, open and 
generous manner in which he treated his friends, his polite and easy 
behaviour towards strangers, rendered him the delight of the one and 
the admiration of the other. The scholar, the accomplished gentle- 
man and the true Christian were seldom ever more happily and tho- 
roughly united than in him." 

His will, dated 14 July, 1755, is recorded in Sufif. Wills, iv. 2, 
and mentions his wife Louisa, whom he married 9 Sept., 1748, son^ 
Andrew and Jonathan, " the present chief justice of Nova Scotia," 
dau. Sarah, wife of By field Lyde, granddau. Mary Belcher Lyde, and 
dau. in law Elizabeth, wife of Andrew Belcher. 

Oliver. — Andrew Oliver, M.A., Merchant. Mr. Brattle Oliver. Na- 
thaniel Oliver, jr., M,A. Peter Oliver, M.A., Merchant. 

The four were all of one family, Andrew and Peter being brothers. 
Brattle being their first cousin, and Nathaniel, jr., being the nephew 
of Brattle. They will all be found recorded in the Oliver genealogy 
in the present volume of the Register. 

FoYE. — William Foye, Esq., Treasurer of the Province of the Mas- 
sachusetts Bay. Mr. William Foye, jun. 

The Foye family is recorded by Savage, ii. 198 ; and large additions 
are made, iii. 622. Joseph, mariner, of Boston, was father of William, 



208 Prince's Subscribers. [July, 

the Subscriber, who m. 5 Apr., 1716, .Elizabeth Campbell, had son 
William and two daus., and d. 1669. In the Boston Evening Post of 
23 Sept., 1771, I find, *' Died at Halifax, William Foye, Esq., aged 65, 
son of the late Treasurer. He was Provost Marshal of that Province 
22 years, and Lieutenant Colonel of the City of Halifax." He was 
the second Subscriber. 

The Treasurer may have been some relation to the Foye who mar- 
ried Sarah, sister of Gov. Belcher. 

WiLLARD. — The Hon. Josiah Wlllard, Esq , Secretary of the Massa- 
chusetts. 

From the admirable *' Williard Memoir,'' we learn that Josiah was 
b. 21 June, 1681, was son of Samuel and Eunice (Tyng) Willard, and 

g'andson of Simon Willard, of llorsmondcn, co. Kent, and Boston, 
e m. first, 24 Oct., 1715, Katherine Allen, and had Katherine, b. 15 
Aug., 1716, d. 30 Sept., 1716; William, b. 14 Aug., 1718, d. 31 
Mch., 1719 ; William, b. 13 Nov., 1719, d. 1760 ; Daniel, b. 16 Dec, 
1720, d. 1745 ; George, b. 24 Mch., 1721-2, d. same day ; Katherine, 
b. 30 Aug., 1723, d. 8 Nov., 1723; Kalherine, b 28 Sept., 1724, m. 
Henry Gibbs. His wife d. 1 Aug., 1726, and he m. 7 Apr., 1726, 
Mrs. Hannah Clarke, and had Hannah, b. 15 Apr., 1727, d. unm. ; 
Josiah, b. 26 Nov., 1728, d. unm. ; Samuel, bapt. 25 June, 1729-30. 
He d. 1766 ; his widow d. 28 July, 1766, ee. 81. 

He was appointed Secretary in 1717, arriving here 12 Dec, says 
Hutchinson, (the Historical Register says, " about 22 June,") suc- 
ceeding Samuel Woodward, Esq. It will be noticed that there are 
no descendants of the Secretary except in the line of his daughter 
Katherine, who m. Henry Gibbs. w. h. w. 

Gibbs. — Henry Oibbs, jr., of Cambridge, M.A. 
This family is descended from Robert* Gibbs, merchant of Boston, 
son of Sir Henry G. Robert* m. Elizabeth Shcaffe, and had Robert,* 

20 Sept., 1665 ; Henry,' b. 8 Oct., 1668, and Jacob, b. 18 Feb., 1672. 
Henry,' the second son, m. 9 June, 1692, Mercy Grecnough, and d. 

21 Oct., 1723. He was the minister at Watertown. His son Henry, 
b. 13 May, 1709, H. C. 1726, is undoubtedly the Subscriber. Bond, 
in his Watertown, says he m. Ist, Margaret, dau. of Jabez Fitch, 
who d. 8. p., and secondly, as before noted, 27 May, 1747, Katherine 
Willard, by whom he had Henry, b. 7 May, 1749 ; and Josiah Wil- 
lard, b. 30 Sept., 1752, possibly also William. He was Librarian of 
Harvard Coll. 1730-4, Clerk of the General Court, representative from 
Salem, and a merchant there. He d. 16 Feb., 1769, and his widow 
d. 81 May, 1769. 

Of his two sons, Henry m. 27 Oct., 1781, Mercy, dau. of Benjamin 
Prescott, and had William of Salem, Josiah W. (Y. C. 1809), and 
Henry of Philadelphia, (Y. C. 1814). The other son, Josiah W., 
died in Philadelphia, Jan., 1822, having had ten children. 

Mr. Henry Gibbs. 

This is no doubt the cousin of the preceding, being son of Robert' 
Gibbs, jr., and Mary Shrimpton, b. 7 Nov., 1694. He m. Hannah, 
and had, Gilbert, William, Rebecca, and Ann who m. John Eddy. His 
will is partially given in Jackson's History of Newton, but with one mi«* 



1865.] Prisoners in Old MM Prison. 209 

take. He left land entailed on Henry, William and Willard (or Josiah, 
the latter name being altered in one part of the will to Willard, but not 
in a second place), sons of Henry Gibbs, Esq., of Salem. Jackson erro- 
neoasly calls him his brother Henry of Salem, which is of course impro- 
bable, and the word is not in the will. Henry mentions also his mother 
Mary Gibbs, and his only sister, Mary wife of John Cotton. To his 
nephew Robert Gibbs, jr., of Providence, only son of his brother 
Robert, he leaves " my silver box which was my grandfather. Sir 
Henry Gibbs, with his arms on it." His widow d. 26 May, 1783, 
aged 84. 



LIST OF AMERICANS COMMITTED TO OLD MILL PRISON, 
ENGLAND, DURING THE WAR.* 

[Coxmnanicated by Jb&emiah Colbvhn.] 
CoDCloded from page 141. 

Ship Tracy, taken Sept. 13, 1T80, from York, committed May 5, 
1781. Wm. Farmer, Boston. 

Brig Medley, taken Mch. 13, at St. Eustatia, com. May 5, 1781. 
— Joseph Singletary, John Singletary, So, 0., Wm. Maddy, Fhila, 

Brig Sally, taken Mch. 12, at St. Eustatia, com. May 11, 1781.— 
John Conner, Abijah Buxton, Va,, Ephraim Jones, Rich, Canada, 
Henry Gwy, Miles Bembridge, North Carolina, 

Schooner Friendship, taken Mch. 17, at Eustatia, com. May 16. — 
John Jones, remains, Va. 

Ship Harlequin, taken June 16, 1780, com. July 6, 1781. — Benj. 
Gardner, Salem, 

Schooner Greyhound, taken Oct. 23, com. July, 1781. — Alex. 
Tindall, Phila. 

Ship Luzerne, taken Ap. 4, 1781, com. July 6. — John Claypole, 
John Shaw, John Martin, Jacob Try on, Littleton Chilton, Hugh Fore- 
side, James Morton, Jacob Stall, Wm. Wilson, Wm. Leach, James 
O'Brien, Phila,, Wm. McMillan, Wm. Kemp, Joseph Penny, Dennis 
Delancyi Geo. Moore, John Howfer, Penn,, James Hunt, Abijah 
Hunt, N. J,, Wm. Victory, Md,, Nathan'l Spooner, Plymouth, Noble 
Walker, Md, 

Brig ffasket and John, taken May 3, 1781, com. July 7. — Barth. 
Moulton, Danvera, Burrell Potter, Thos. Williams, Lynn, Jeremiah 
Blanchard, Andover, Benj. Brown, Geo. Lassall, Salem, 

Pilgrim's Prize, taken June 26, com. July 9, 1781. — Wm. Levering, 
Boston; Edward Jabor, Marblehead; Adoniram Hidden, died, Rowley. 

Ship Protector, taken May 6, part of crew brought from N. Y., 
com. July 121, 1781. — Capt. John Foster Williams, Boston, Thos. 
Leverett, Jac. Homer, Dav. Vallet, Rufus Sumner, Thos. Pumall, 
died, Richard Smith, Boston, Jos. Clark, Conn, 

• In the HUtorical CoUecHoru of the Baaex IrutUute, ▼!. 113. is a Letter written by Jonathwi 
Arcber, from HiU Prison, England, dated Sept. 26, 1778. aia name appears on page 187 of 
^tBtguUr, Editor. 

Vol. XIX. • 18* 



210 Prisoners in Old Mill Prison. [Jrfy» 

Ship Essex, taken June 16, com. July 21, 1T81.— John Allen, Bar- 
ney Wilson, John Morrison, Wm. Patterson, Jas. Procter, Wm. Haw- 
ley, Jos. Johnston, Thos. Barker, And. Cassidy, John Noonan, Thos. 
Baker, Wm. Baldridge, Michael Keenan, Jas. Clark, Jacob Jones, 
Morris Connor, Phil. Fling, Tim. Maloon, Arthur Clark, Lewis Glover, 
Josiah Bass, Sam'l Curtis, Nath'l Beals, Thos. Vinton, John Ennis, 
Alex. McLane, Wm. Cary, John Richmond, Moses McGraw, Nicholas 
Poor, Benj. Gawin, Joshua Davis, Geo. Bickford, ent'd. Fortune 
Parker, Boston, died ; Wm. McDonalds, ent. ; Thos. Perkins, died ; 
Dan Rcdington, Wenham, Jas. Johnson, Salem, Sam'l Stoddard, 
Hingham, Ed. Tavendor, Nath'l Young, Cape God, Job Field, Ed. 
Sewell, Bryant Newcomb, Gregory Clark, Braintree, Wm. Turner, 
Jos. Tisick, Charleslown, Sy. Cornish, Kennebeck, David Lewis, Lynn, 
Sam'l Sherman, Plymouth, Jos. Perkins, And. Peabody, Beverley, 
Job. Buckman, Mystick, David Thompson, Ipswich, Elisha Vose, Wm. 
Hunt, Jos. Marshall, Wm. Horton, Milton, Sam'l Cox, Dorchester, 
John Boyce, James Richie, Londonderry, 

Ship OenH Nash, taLkensLt St. Eustatia, com. July 27, 1T81. — Au- 
gustus Almond, Va,, Geo. Styren, Simon Alderson, Jr., Wm. Turner, 
John Cilley, N, Carolina, died ; Thos. Grayback, Benj. Bowill, New 
London, Harvey Ensign, Oonn, 

Brig Betsey, taken March 13, com. July 23, ITSl. — Jos. Jeffery, 
James Coxter, N, Y., Robt. Hamilton, Edw. Porter, Phila,, John 
Longworthy, Penn,, Anthony Bellamy, Wm. Smith, Va,, Wm. Mar- 
tin, ^(rf., Robt. Hamilton, Conn. 

Brig Diana, taken at St. Eustatia, Feb. 2, 1781, com. July 23. — 
Wm. Downs, Phila. 

Ship Beaver, taken March 7, 1781, com. July 23. — Isaac Day, Benj. 
Bray, Robt. Wheelwright, And. Parsons, Gape Ann, Simon Jordan, 
Casco Bay, died. 

Brig Phcenix, of Boston, taken Ap. 13, com. July 20, 1781. — Wm. 
Stratton, Cambridge, Wm. Edwards, Portsmouth, Sam'l Webb, Sciiu- 
ate, Rich'd Fothergill, Cape Cod. 

Sloop Hunter, taken at St. Eustatia, Mch. 10, com. July 25. 1781. 
— Caleb Gilbert, B. L, John Stevens, John Allen, James Bolton, 
Phila. 

Taken at St. Eustatia, com. July 21, 1781. — Wm. Kennedy, Salem, 
Wm. Troop, So, Car,, John Crocker, John Morrison, Cape Cod, John 
Stackhouse Apdale, Boston, 

Brig Basket and John, taken May 3, com. July 23, 1781. — Joseph 
Pedrick, Marblehead, Wm. Matthews, Salem, Benj. Eagles, Lynn, 

Letter of Marque, Friends Ooodwill, taken Feb. 27, com. July 23, 
1781.— John Williams, Geo. Mitchell, Penn,, Nath'l Smith, Phila. 

Schooner Ann, taken March 10, at St. Eustatia, com. 28 July, 1781. 
—John Oottrell, B, L, David Vail, No. C. 

Schooner Bobertson, taken at St. Eustatia, Jan. 20, com. July 28, 
1781. — ^Malachi Williams, Va,, Malachi Norris, John Davis, N. G. 

Brig Banger, taken at St. Eustatia, com. July 23, 1781. — ^Robert 
Remington, Salem, 

Brig English, taken and carried to Quebec, com. July 23, 1781. — 
Wm. Haskell, Beverly. 

Brig Nancy, taken at St. Eustatia, Jan. 20, com. July, 1781. — 
Selden Jasper, N. 0. 



1865.] Pruoners in Old MiU Prison. 211 

Schooner Dennis, taken at St. Martin's, Mch. 20, com. July, 1T81. 
— John Marshall, Plymouih, 

Sloop Betsey, taken at St. Enstatia, com. July, ITSl. — John Rich- 
ards, Va, 

Ship Success, taken Feb., com. July, 1781. — Heman Snow, 0. Cod, 
Fred. Blanchard, N. C, Hardy Wilkes, S. C, Edw. King, Va. 

Ship Confederacy, taken April 14, 1781. — Part of crew com. Aug. 
23, brought from New York. Joseph Bertram, Conn., Briton Chap- 
man, E. /., Eleazer Darbey, Boston. 

Ship Chatham, taken June 4, com. Aug. 23, 1781. — Sam'l Lambert, 
Sam'l Payne, Cape Cod, Sylvanus Patte, PlymoxUh, Sam'l Livingston, 
Va., Jas. Billings, Nat. Miner, New London, Jas. Barney, Penn. 

Taken at So. Carolina, 1781, com. Aug. 31. — Andrew Wells, W«. 
Steele, Jas. Markhara, Daniel Duff, Wm. M'Clany, So. C. 

Ship Essex, taken June 10, com. Aug. 25, 1781. — Wm. Miller, 
Bichd. Carvin, Jas. Rich, Tim. Odin, Jos. Gardner, Boston, Eliakim 
Swain, Nantucket, Jas. Lovett, Benj. Sprague, Beverly, Eph. Wilson, 
Northboro', John Kneeland, Braintree, Rufus Gulliver, Milton, Richd. 
Bfttton, Salem, John Wallis, Aaron Tufts, Medford, died Sept. 18, 
1781. 

Ship Protector, taken May 15, 1781. Brought from N. Y., com. 
Aug. — J. Gowen, Boston, Alex. Hunter, Nantucket. 

Ship Beaver, taken March 17, 1781, com. Sept. — John Manning, 
Asa Riggs, Cape Ann. 

Ship Lyon, taken June 29, 1781, com. Aug. 31. — Oapt. John Greeo, 
Wm. Miles, Virtue Sweet, John Stewart, Jos. Asbbum, Wm. Knox, 
John O'Hara, Sam'l Alexander, Jas. McKenny, Phila., Henry Melius, 
Benj. Jenkins, Thos. Norton, Jos. Shed, Boston, John Cooper, Va., 
Gollen McMellen, Pa., Benj. Bancroft, Stoughton. 

Taken at St. Eustatia, com. Aug. 1781. — Savil Tappen. 

Ship General Washington, taken June 9, brought from N. Y., com. 
Sept., 1781.— Peter Pollard, Boston, John Hillman, IfaW^'g Vineyard, 
John Pierce, B. I. 

Sloop General Washington, taken May 29, brought from N. Y. — 
Jacob Stobo, So. C. 

Cutter Marquis Marheck, of Dunkirk, taken Sept. 9, com. Oct. 2, 
1781. — Bennet Neigors, Bedford, Moses Bumham, Ipswich, Daniel 
Prior, Nantucket, Danl. Villes, Newbury, Eph. Clark, Kittery, Aaron 
Gooding, Patrick Miller, Portsmouth, Thos. Smith, Spanish River, 
David Brooks, Stradford, Thos. White, Marshfield, Jacob Harmon, 
Pkila., Timothy Kelly, Clement Church, Boston, Thos. Quinn, Va. 

Sloop Franklin's Prize, taken May 1, 1781, com. Oct. 2.— Thos. 
Low, John Orrock, Marblehead, Benj. Grant, Isaac Setchell, Sam'l 
Pearsons, Ipswich, David Bigby, Middleton, Sam'l Hutchings, Maiden, 
Thomas Emerson, Beading. 

Taken in Carolina, June, 1780, com. Oct., 1781. — James Vassals, 
James Kennelby, So. C. 

Ship Lyon, taken June 29, 1781, com. Oct. — Thos. Bubroe, N. J., 
John Cunningham, Philip Carrol, Boston, William Cooper, Boston, 
Thomas Holland, Newbury. 

Alliance, Cutter of Dunkirk, taken June 6, 1781.— Robert Carbc^, 
Wilmington, John Clarkson, Providence, James Murray, Thos. Bum, 
Ireland, Robert Browing, B. L, Capt. Wm. Cunningham, England. 



212 Prisoners in Old Mill Frisan. [July, 

Brig Oen, Mercer, taken Dec, 1T80, com. Oct., 1T81. — John Clark, 
Jacob Tarr, John Burton, Cape Ann. 

Brig New Adventurer's Prize, taken June, 1T81. — Abraham Haynes, 
Salem. 

Ship Oen. Mifflin, taken June, 1780, com. Oct. 17. — John Woods, 
Boston. 

Brig Black Princess, of Dunkirk, taken Oct. 11, 1781, com. Oct. 20. 
— Capt. Edward McCarty,. Dunkirk, Sam'l Knapp, Joseph Brown, 
Salem, Nicholas Girdler, John Smith, Marblehead, John Baker, Bever- 
ly, Isaac Collins, Charles Collins, Cape Ann, Ewd. Duff, Londonderry, 
Thos. Shepard, BdUo., John Davis, Henry Lewis, N. Y., Jos. Nichols, 
ScUuaie, Daniel Russell, Carolina, Nicholas Field, James Newell, 
Richard Smith, Thos. Bayland, Ireland, Isaac Bunker, Nantucket, 
John Smith, Wilmington. 

Ship Oen. Washington, taken June 9, 1781, com. Oct. — Thomas 
Holland, Md. 

Ship Protector, taken May 6, 1781, brought from N. Y. — Isaac 
Adams, Boston. 

Brig Fent^, taken June 1 , 1781, com. Nov. — Andrew Toombs, Danl. 
Hunt, Portsmouth, Benj. Moore, Wm. Mitchell, Nath'l W. Kennard, 
Edward Fumell, Jacob Remick, KiUery. 

Countess of Marlboro^ Cutter, taken May 31, 1781, com. Nov. — 
Nath'l Howell, S. Hampton. 

Schooner Susannah, taken at St. Eustatia, Mch. 6, com. Nov., 
1781.— John Kcaton, Va. 

Ship South Carolina's Prize, taken Sept. 14, 1781, com. Nov. 21. — 
James Pike, Boston. 

AlUance, Cutter, taken June 6, 1781, com. Nov. — Griffith Jones, 
John Thompson, Phila. 

Letter of Marque Ship Franklin, of Phila., taken Oct. 24, 1781, com. 
Nov. — Wm. Mason, Alex. Mercy, Eli Powell, Philip Mitchell, Md., 
Matthew Brooks, Patrick Galligher, Geo. Dreer, Pa., Jos. Alexander, 
Jacob Smith, Henry Ager, Jos. Spade, Chas. Lane, John Sherry, 
John Murray, Nich. Colder, Phila., James Bartlett, Jeremiah Church, 
John Sack, Sylvanus Church, N. J., Thos. Hays, Edw. Gibbens, N. 
Y., Wm. Sutton, Va. 

Ship Disdain's Prize, taken 1781, com. Dec. 7. — Lewis Girdler, 
Marblehead, John Adams, Salem. 

Brig Viper, taken Sept. 12, 1781, com. Dec. 7. — Robt. Bard, N. J., 
Francis Tuckerman, Wm. Price, Va., James Glynn, Nicholas Perkin- 
son, John Shrym, Maryland, Nich. Mclnham, Geo. Austin, Robert 
Wilson, Penn., James Bankson, Baltimore. 

Ship Franklin's Prize, taken Oct., com. Dec, 1781. — Wm. Saunders, 
Boston. 

Brig Montgomery, taken Aug. 4, 1781. — Wm. Hare, Salem. 

Ship Grand Turk's Prize, taken Nov., 1781. — Francis Barker, Wm. 
Arbuncle, Marblehead, Thos. Clark, N. Y. 

Letter of Marque Ship Turin Sisters, taken June 11, 1781, com. 
Jan., 1782. — Jacob Pope, Ambrose Pope, Thos. Rose, Richard Walker, 
Eben Pitts, Dighton, Benj. Marvel, James Laughton, Swansey, Wm. 
Orandon, Walter Parker, B. I., Andrew Gardner, Boston, Thomas 
Knowlton, Bridgewater. 



1866.] Letter from Gen.. John Glover. 213 

Ship Marquis Lafayette, of Philadelphia, taken June 8, 1T81, com. 
Jan., 1782. — Benj. Brown, Thos. Brooks, Gilbert Stevenson, PJdla. 

Brig lAUle For^y, taken 1781, com. Jan., 1782. — George Poole, 
Newbury. ^ 

Ship Disdain's Prize, taken Sept. 15, 1781, com. Jan., 1782. — An- 
drew Morgan, Aaron Beal, Salem, George Smith, John Sinclair. 

Taken in Grand Turk's Prize. — Henry Neal, John Funday, Wm. 
Seal, John Garey, John Runnel, Marblehead, George Read, Salem, 

Brig Z/tT/Ze Por^, taken Nov. 3, 1781, com. Jan. 3, 1782.— Wm. 
Holland, Enoch Wells, John Harris, Jos. Gardner, Thomas Wood, 
Wm. Tobey, Thos. Woodard, Daniel Sampson, John Green, Levi 
Miles, Newhuryport. 

Ship Adventurer, of Boston, taken Dec. 19, 1781, com. Jan. 21, 
1782. — Patrick Welch, Mingo Perrigrin, Boston, Allen Nye, Sandwich^ 
Barney Freeman, Elisha Barry, Owen Berry, Sylvanus Crowell, Thos. 
Ralph, Harwich, Sam'l Drawdey, Barney Parker, Yarmouth, Elisha 
Eldridge, Chatham, John Dow, Chelsea, Nehemiah Levering, John 
Pitcher, Nath'l Bacon, Barnstable, John Sheldon, Joseph Waddle, 
Dartmouih, 



LETTER FROM GEN. JOHN GLOVER, OF MARBLEHEAD, 
TO CAPT. RICHARD COWELL— 1780. 

[Commnnicated by Miss Hannah Gloveb Dixey, a great-granddanghter of Gen. Glover.] 

[Gen. John Glover was born in Salem, Mass., Nov. 6, 1732, died 
in Marblehead, Jan. 30, 1797. He was son of Jonathan, who was 
born in Salem Dec. 14, 1702, and m. Tabitha Bacon, of Salem, Feb. 
23, 1727. Jonathan, father of the preceding, was born in Salera, in 
April, 1677 (m. Abigail Henderson, March 31, 1697), and was the 
son of John Glover, who m. M4ry Guppy, of Salem, Jan. 2, 1660. 
The latter John may have been son of Charles Glover, who joined the 
First Church in Salera, June 10, 1640. Gen. John Glover, who wrote 
the following letter, m. Hannah Gale, of Marblehead, Oct. 30, 1754, 
died Jan. 30, 1797. Hannah, his wife, died Nov. 13, 1778. He after- 
wards m. Mrs. Frances Fosdick. Gen. Glover by his wife Hannah 
had 11 children, 6 sons and 6 dans. His second dau. Hannah, bom 
April 19, 1761, m. Richard Cowell, doubtless the Capt. Richard 
Cowell to whom this letter was addressed. 

Hannah, dau. of Richard Cowell, m. Capt. John Dixey, of Marble- 
head. They had children : — Rebecca ; John, who m. Hannah, dau. of 
Tilly Willis, of Weymouth; Richard Cowell, m. Rebecca B., dau. of 
Abel Gardner, of Marblehead ; Hannah Clover; Ovid, d. young; Ro- 
bert Hooper, m. Jenny Minge, of Mobile, Alabama, dau. of Collier H. 
Mingo ; Caroline Hooper, m. William Blanchard Brown, Marblehead, 
of the Ipswich family ; Eliza Hooper, m. Isaiah P. Moody, of York, 
Maine ; Mary Hooper, 

A memoir of Gen. Glover, by Wm. P. Upham, is printed in the Hie. 
CoH of the Essex Institute, vol. v., page 49. There is also a genealogy 
of the family in the same volume, page 130. Gen. Glover had three 
brothers, Jonathan, Samuel and Daniel. A fort at Marblehead, Mass., 



214 Letter from Gen, John Glover. ' {,^^7} 

has been lately begun by the United States government, and appro- 
priately named Fort Glover, in honor of the General. — Editor.] 

Dear Sir, West Point, 16 Decern**', 1T80. 

Your esteem'* favor of y* 2** of Sep*, has been rec** in which you 
were pleas* to acknowledge me as your father. You will now give 
me leave to address you as my son ; at the same time 1 assure 
you that your sudden Departure from home, and the utter impossibi- 
lity of finding you on [ ] reason why it has not been 
answered till now. I have been exceedingly anxious [while] you 
were out on the Cruise, a report some time prevailing in Camp that you 
where missing, and that with y* vexation and trouble of the Distresses 
of the troop for want of provisions. Clothing and their pay, has made 
me very unhappy ; till within a few days past I was reliev** by a 
Letter from Major Fosdick, informing you were returned safe, and 
added, you had Captur** Two Ships, Valuable prizes, and that they 
were safe arriv*, which gives me Infinitely more pleasure than I can 
find words to express. I hope, Sir, you with my dear Hannah, 
[John ?] and the rest of y* Children are well. God Almighty bless you 
and them, is the wish of him whose heart is very much attach* (Per- 
haps too much so) to his Dear Children. 

Give me Leave to Congratulate you on the Successes you have met 
with, and to say I enjoy them with that heart-felt Satisfaction which 
Cannot be Described. I Desire to bless God for them and do View 
them as so many of his bounties and favors bestowed on me who am 
altogether unworthy of the Least of them. The AUwise Disposer of 
Human events, in his Great Goodness (for purposes unknown to us^ 
bestows his favors when and on whom soever he pleases. That it is 
Bight it should be so I presume no one will be so Vile as to Dispute. 
Perhaps it may be, the Divine Being Lavishes his Bounties on his 
Creatures with a Design to try whetlier they Like faithful Stewards 
will make a wise and Good improvement of them. When it is y* 
Case that they do, it is a blessing, otherwise, I View it as a Curse. 
The fatigues, Hardships, Sufferings and Dangers incident to the Life 
of a Seaman is somewhat similar to that of a soldier, which no person 
not acquainted with those professions Can be a Competent Judge of. 
Their duty is Constant, and sometimes very hard, exposed to Hunger, 
Cold and nakedness ; their Lives frequently in eminent Danger ; their 
Honor J Dearer than Life, ever at Stake, and is often impeached, per- 
haps only from an error in Judgment in executing an enterprise Com- 
mitted to his Command, Cashiered and branded with y* Epithet Cow- 
ard, paltroon and Rascal, &c. &c., slighted, neglected) and His*^ at 
by every puppy he meets. 

Gentlemen in the army and navy. Especially those in high Rank, 
are Like objects set on a pinnacle for every body to Shoot at, and yet, 
I have often Wondered at it, there is not a Set of men in y* World 
who spend their money earned at such infinite Hazard, so imprudent- 
ly as many of them do. [Do] not mistake me, I do not mean to 
insinuate that you are, or [may] be one of that Character. And the 
favorable opinion I have ever entertained of your Judgment, Economy 
and good sense in this as well in every other matter forbids it. But, 
as A father permit me to advise. A Gentleman of your Standing in 
Life has a Right and may Choose his Company. For your own Sake 



1 865.] Family of Badcock of MUum. 216 

then, as well as for that of your family, Let me beg you'd avoid that 
part of mankind that Devotes y* whole of their Time in Taverns and 
Gaming — whose own Houses are a prison to them — which must be 
80 Injurious to their Constitutions [ ] Ruinous 

to their families. Their is another sort which should Ke treated with 
Coolness, if not neglect [ ] Spung^s, who always Stand ready 

to cultivate an acquaintance where they can find Good fare, and wiU 
pretend Great friendship and esteem, at the same time have not the 
Least, and are actuated from no other motive, but self interest. 
Should the reverse of Circumstances take place you'll very soon find 
them out. They will shun your house, and if they meet you in the 
Street don't know you- Of those kind of Jewels I have known many 
in my time. It's now 12 o'clock, and I'm almost purblind, you must 
let Hannah read this Letter I'm sure youiCan't it's so badly Wrote. 
I have nothing to tell you from this Quarter but the Distresses of y* 
army ; four days have passed and not a mouthfull of bread, officers 
and soldiers alike, nor have the Troops rec* any pay for twelve 
months. At present I have no expectation of seeing you this winter, 
being much engaged in settling y* new arrangement of y* army which 
takes place y* first of Jan'^, however after that is Completed shall 
push hard to make a visit home. 

Please make my Duty to your Grandmother — regards to uncle 
Jonathan, Daniel and their families. — Compliments Capt. Hooper and 
Lady, Mrs. Johnson, Nancy Malcom, &c. &c., and believe that I am 
Most Assuredly your friend and affectionate father 



Capt. Richard Co well. 



Jn®. Glovkr. 



FAMILY OF BADCOCK OF MILTON, MASS. 
[Communicated by Wm. S. Applbton, A.M.] 

The Badcock family has been so unfortunate as to be honored with 
an elaborate traditional pedigree, more richly furnished with mistakes, 
than is usual even in such'. It may be read at length in Hinman's First 
Puritan Settlers of Connecticut, pp. 92 and 106, and has justly excited 
the indignation of Mr. Savage. The long list of births supposed to 
have happened in England and in Dorchester, is certainly wrong. 
Two years ago I examined the register of the Church of Wivenhoe, 
and none of them can be found there, nor did I see a single entry of 
the name of Badcock. I am not able to give the name of the place 
whence the emigrants really came, but it was most probably in the 
same county, Essex, where the family abounded, and had their chief 
seat at Great Bentley. The name is also found in Cornwall. 

Mr. Savage's account of the families of Babcock and Badcock is 
80 incomplete and unsatisfactory, that I have tried to arrange in sim- 
ple form the matter to be found relating to those who lived in Massa- 
chusetts. 

Two brothers, George and Robert Badcock, settled about 1650 in 
that part of Dorchester, which is now Milton. That they were re- 
lated to James Badcock born about 1612, of Newport 1642, and of 



216 Family of Badcock of Milton. [July, 

Westerly 1661, I cannot prove, but I have no doubt of the fact. • 
They were probably his brothers. John, a son of James, named two 
children George and Robert, And James, another son of John, came 
for a wife to Milton, * where his presumed cousins lived. 

According to the History of Dorchester, there was a David -Bad- 
cock there, of age before 1700 — Mr. Savage dates him 1640 — of 
whom I know nothing. 

( 1 ) George Badcock had wife Mary, and children : 

Benjamin.' (3) 

Dorothy,' m. 29 March, 1672, John Daniel, of Milton. 

Return.' (4) 

Enoch.' (5) 

Mary Ellen.' 

George,' b. 26 February, 1658, d. young. 

Rachel,' b. 8 March, 1660. 

Leah.' 

George,' b. 12 June, 1666. (6) 

Samuel,' b. September, 1668. 

Joseph,' b. 13 May, 1670. 
George Badcock seems never to have held any public position, but 
that of Supervisor of Highways, which he filled for Dorchester in 
1656. Ho died in 1671, and in his will, written 26 September, he 
gives to his son Benjamin, land in Milton and Dorchester ; to Return, 
the " Mill up at Dartmouth in Plymouth pattent ; " to George, land 
" at the going on to the horse necke at Dartmouth ; " to Joseph, land 
" at a place known by the name of the Rockes at Dartmouth." He 
names also his brother Robert. 

(2) Robert Badcock had wife Joanna, and children : 

Samuel.' (7) 

Jonathan.' (8) 

Abigail,' m. 17 December, 1674, John Barber, of Medfield. 

Nathaniel,' b. 14 March, 1658. (9) 

Caleb,' b. 14 August, 1660. 

Ebenezer,' b. 2 October, 1662. (10) 

Ilopestill.' 

Hannah,' b. 8 February, 1665. 

Elizabeth,' b. 24 December, 1666, m. Henry Vose, of Milton. 

Thankfull,' b. 18 February, 1668. . 
Two shillings and sixpence of the Dorchester rate of 1655 was to 
pay Robert Badcock for rumiing a boundary line ; he was a Rater 
for Dorchester in 1656, and a supervisor of High- ways in 1659 ; also 
Selectman of Milton in 1678. In 1672 he bought land " beyond Med- 
field, at that place commonly called Bogistow " (now Sherbum), 
and at Natick. He died 12 November, 1694, when he was called 
Captain. His will only mentions son Nathaniel, grandson Caleb, 
and son-in-law Henry Vose. His widow died 4 December, 1700, 
aged 71. 

(3) Benjamin, m. 11 February, 1674, Hannah Daniel, of Milton, 

and had : 
Hannah,' b. 27 February, 1675. 
Benjamin,' b. 29 April, 1678, d. before March, 1698. 

• ■ JttDfig Badoock, oi SUmlagtown, m. 12 Jane, 1706, Sua Vote.— JIOtoN T<nm Btemrdi. 



1 865.] Family of BadcocJc of Milton. 217 

Patience,' b. 31 August, 1680, d. before March, 1698. 

Mary,' b. 28 July, 1682, d. 26 January, 1683. 

William,' b. about 1684. 

Ruamah,' b. about 1686, m. 4 April, 1706, Joseph Billing, 
of Dorchester. 

George,' b. 9 August, 1688. (11) 
He died late in 1690, and his widow soon after. 
(4) Return, m. 1 December, 1681, Sarah Deneson, of Milton, lived 

at Dartmouth, where he is found 1686 and 1694. I presume 

his brother Joseph also moved to Dartmouth, if he lived to 

maturity. 
(6) Enoch, m. Susannah [Gregory?] had: 

William.' (12) 

Susanna,' m. 6 December, ITOI, Solomon Horton, of Milton, 
afterwards of Swansey. 

Mary,' m. 10 September, 1702, David Horton, of Milton. 

Elizabeth,' m. 1711, Joseph Gurnsey, of Rehoboth. 

Sarah,' m. 14 August, 1722, John Kelton, of Milton. 
He was a shipwright, and died 25 May, 1695. His widow, in her 
account of administration, 1711, mentions her mother Gregory. 

(6) George. I presume this was the George Badcock, of Boston, 

who m . Ruth , had : 

Elizabeth,' m. 22 May, 1713, John Smith. 
Samuel,' b. about 1691. (13) 
George,' b. 28 July, 1693. 
John,' b. 5 May, 1694. 
He died 2 September, 1695, and his widow m. 30 August, 1696, 
John Down. 

(7) Samuel, m. 1 July, 1674, Hannah Emes, had : 

Hannah,' b. 23 May, 1675, m. Vose, of Milton. 

James,' b. 28 March, 1677. (14) 

Mary,' b. 29 June, 1680, m. 3 April, 1700, William Vose, 

of Milton. 
John,' b. 21 November, 1682. (15) 
Elizabeth,' b. 10 March, 1686, m. 2 May, 1706, Benjamin 

Sumner, of Milton. 
Robert,' d. in 1724. 
He was Surveyor of Highways in 1678, and Constable of Milton 
1683-4. 

He died 17 September, 1690, and was called Ensign. His widow 
died 12 November, 1723. 
f8) Jonathan, m. 1 August, 1676, Mary Curtis, had: 
Caleb,' b. 28 June, 1677. 
Mercy,' b. 15 March, 1679, m. 13 February, 1705, Joseph 

Swetland, of Milton, afterwards of Hebron, Conn. 
Mary,' b. 28 January, 1681. 
Josiah,' b. 17 March, 1683, d. 29 March, 1684. 
Daniel,' b. 30 June, 1689. 
Dorothy,' b. 28 April, 1691. 
Robert,' b. 24 February, 1694. 
John,' b. 5 June, 1696. 
Ebenezer,' b. 21 July, 1699. 
Martha,' b. 28 November, 1701. 
Vol. XIX. 19 



218 Family of Badcock of Milton. [JaljTr 

He moved to Connecticut, and was of Lebanon,* 1709 ; of Wind- 
ham, 1711. An account of his descendants may be read in Weaver's 
Genealogy of Windham, where he is said to have had also daugh- 
ter Thankful. He died at Coventry, 5 Jan., 1732, aged 80. His eldest 
son Caleb, of " Wendom," m. at Milton, 18 May, 1721, Susanna Glover. 

(9) Nathaniel, m. Hannah , had : 

Nathaniel,' b. 16 December, 1684. (16) 
George,' b. 28 March, 1687, d. 16 April 1725. 
Bridget,' b. 14 May, 1696. 

Hannah,' b. 12 January, 1702, m. 9 April, 1724, Simon 
Blake, of Milton. 
He was a blacksmith, and d. 7 January, 1719. 

(10) Ebenezer, m. Hannah , had : 

AbigaU,' b. 5 March, 1687. 
Hannah,' b. 28 September, 1690, d. young. 
Hannah,' b. 26 March, 1694. 

Ebenezer,' b. 4 September, 1697, d. 27 March, 1730. 
He lived at Sherbum, and died 15 December, 1717. 

(11) George, m. 14 July, 1715, Hannah Daniel, of Milton, had : 

Hannah,^ b. 6 November, 1716, d. young. 

Abigail,* b. 10 April, 1718, m. 1745, Daniel Sumner, of 

Milton. 
Patience,* b. 7 January, 1720. 
Hannah*, b. 23 January, 1722, d. 22 March, 1723. 
Mary,* b. 22 December, 1728. 
Katharine, b. 25 November, 1725. 
George,* b. 3 December, 1727. 
Benjamin,* b. 23 October, 1729. 
John,* b. 25 August, 1731. 
William, b. 10 March, 1733. 
He was a housewright, and d. 18 March, 1734, aged 46. 

(12) William, m. Elizabeth , had : 

Elizabeth,* b. 6 December, 1710, m. 25 November, 1727, 

John Bent, of Milton. 
Hannah,* b. 13 September, 1713, m. 15 August, 1734, 

John Badcock. 
Nathan,* b. 15 May, 1716. 
William,* b. 3 March, 1718. 

Susanna,* b. 14 August, 1720, m. Sloper. 

Lydia*, b. 9 September, 1722, m. 1742 or 48, Seth Sumner, 

of Milton. 
Ann,* b. 4 August, 1724, d. 13 September, 1724. 
Enoch,* b: 19 June, 1726. 
He was a ship-carpenter, and d. 15 October, 1732, and his widow 
in 1759. 

(13) Samuel, m. 1718, Martha Keally, of Newton, had: 

Rebecca,* b. 25 November, 1718, d. 12 November,. 1719. 
Samuel,* b. about 1720. 
He was a wharfinger, and d. 25 October, 1721, aged 30. His 
widow m. 4 June, 1734, George Collings. 



• At the Safiblk Rcgixtrv of Deeds Jonathan Badcock, of Lebanon, Conn., is twice 
rooorded at telling land at Milton in the year 1709. 



1865.] Ilarly Marriages and Births in Scituate. 219 

(14) James, m. 18 February, 1701, Mary Fenno, of Milton, had: 

Anna,* b. 8 March, 1702. 
He moved to Windham, Conn. An account of his descendants 
may be seen in Weaver, according to whom he had by a first wife, 
Benjamin, b. about 1698. 

(16) John, m. 7 August, 1707, Sarah Billing, of Dorchester, had : 
Sarah,* b. 15 December, 1708, m. 10 March, 1725, Roger 

Sumner, of Milton. 
John,* b. 21 November, 1710, m. 15 August, 1734, Han- 
nah Badcock, d. 28 January, 1775. 
Hannah,* b. 18 July, 1713, m. 17 October, 1734, Seth 

Sumner, of Milton, and d. 13 August, 1739: 
Joseph,* b. 20 October, 1716, d. 29 December, 1721. 
Stephen,* b. 3 August, 1719, d. 10 January, 1722. 
He d. 21 December, 1721. 
(16) Nathaniel, m. 3 May, 1710, Mary Field, had: 

Mary,* b. 19 July, 1711, m. 27 January, 1732, Joseph Pain. 
Ann,* b. 19 March, 1713, d. 13 April, 1732. 
Ebenezer,* b. 25 March, 1715, d. 13 March, 1760. 
George,* b. 10 November, 1716. 
Nathaniel,* b. 2 July, 1719. 
He was a blacksmith, and d. 22 January, 1719. His widow d. 3 
December, 1759, aged 77. 

I have been troubled in preparing this short account of the family 
by the constant recurrence of the same names. For instance George 
(11) may have been son of Nathaniel (9), and William (12) may 
have been son of Benjamin (3). Though I shall regret any mistakes 
that may be found, I shall be glad to be informed of any that are 
found. 

There seems to have been a James Badcock at Taunton, in 1666, 
and Mary Badcock was married there in 1686 ; who they were, I 
know not. 



EARLY MARRIAGES AND BIRTHS AT SCITUATE, MASS. 

[CoDdaded from Vol. zriU. page 287] 
MARRIAGES. 

James Torrey m. Ann, dau. of Wm. Hatch, 2 Nov., 1643. 

John Bryant m. Mary, dau. of Geo. Lewes, of Barnstable, 14 Nov., 

1643. 
John D%man m. Katherine, dau. of Henry Merritt, June, 1644. 
Ephraim Kcmpton m. Joanna Rawlings, 23 Jany., 1645. 
Rodolphiis Elmes m. Catem Whitcomb, 25 Nov., 1644. 
Isaac Chittenden m. Martha Vinal, Apr., 1646. 
James Adams m. Frances, dau. of Wm. Vassall, 16 June, 16i6. 
James Doughty m. Lydia, dau. of Humph Turner, 16 Aug., 1649. 
John Turner, jr. m. Ann James, 24 Apr., 1649. 
Walter Hatch m. Elizabeth, dau. of Thos. Holbrook, 6 May, 1660. 
William Peaks m. Judith Lichfield, 2 Oct., 1650. 
William Parker m. Mary, dau. of Humphrey Turner, 13 Nov., 1661. 



220 Early Marriages and Births in Scituate. [July 

Anthony Dodson m. Mary Williams, 12 Dec, 1651. 

Thomas Turner m. Sarah Ililand, 6 Jany., 1652. 

Natlianiel Rawlins ra. Lydia, dau. of Rich. Sylvester, 4 Sept., 1662. 

William Hatch m. Susannah, dau. of Anthony Annable, 13 May, 

1652. 
Thomas Kinge m. widow Jane Hatch, 3 Mch., 1653. 
Thomas (JTdham m. Mary Wethcrell, 20 Nov., 1656. 
John Cowen m. Rebecca Man, 31 Mch., 1656. 
John Lowwell m. Elizabeth Silvester, 24 Jany., 1658. 
John Bryant m. Elizabeth Wetherell, 22 Dec, 1657. 
Jonas Pickles m. Alice Hatch, 23 Sept., 165T. 
Samuel Utley m. Hannah Hatch, 6 Dec, 1658. 
Daniel Hickes m. Rebecca Hanmoe, 19 Sept., 1659. 
John Damen m. Martha Ilowland, 15 Jany., 1659. 
Anthony Collamer m. Sarah Chittenden, 14 June, 1666. 
John Sutten m. Elizabeth House, 1 Jany., 1661. 
George Young m. Hannah Pierson, 15 Jany., 1661. 
Steven Tilden m. Hannah Littell, 15 Jany., 1661. 
Thomas Hilland m. Elizabeth Stockbridge, 1 Jany., 1661. 
Steven Vinall m. Mary Baker, 26 Feb., 1662. 
Thomas Pinson, jr. m. Elizabeth White, 18 Sept., 1662. 
Thomas Hatch m. Sarah Elmes, dau. of Rodolphus, 4 Feb., 1662. 
John Briant m. Mary Hilland, April. 1664. 
Nathaniel Turner m. Mehitable Rigbee, 29 Mch., 1664-5. 
John Vinal m. Elizabeth Baker, 2 Feb., 1664. 
William Blackmer m. Elizabeth Bankes, 17 July, 1666. 
Jeremiah Hatch m. Mary Hawes, 29 Dec, 1657. 
Edward Bright m. widow Lydia Rawlins, 25 May, 1664. 
Daniel Turner m. Hannah, dau. of Wm. Randall, 20 June, 1666. 
Joseph Webb m. Grace Dipple, 16 Apr., 1660. 
Samuel Clapp m. Hannah Gill, 14 June, 1666. 
Thomas Woodworth m. Deborah Damen, 8 Feb., 1666. 
Joseph Woodworth m. Sarah Stockbridge, 6 Jany., 1669. 

[The previous article contains later marriages than this. 

BIRTHS. 

The following births are given from the Scituate Records, with the 
full dates. Deane gives generally only the year. 

John Northy had John, b. 8 March, 1675 ; David, 6 April, 1678 ; 
Samuel, 19 July, 1680 : Bethiah, 18 Dec, 1682 ; Sarah, 16 July, 1685 ; 
and James, 2 Oct., 1687. 

Thomas Perry had Thomas, 26 Jan., 1671 ; James, 12 March, 
1673-4; Susanna, 28 April, 1676; Mary, 18 March, 1677-8; John, 
6 June, 1680 ; Tabitha, 12 April, 1684 : David. 16 Nov., 1686. 

Nathaniel Turner had Abigail, 10 Feb., 1666: Samuel. 25 Feb., 
1671; Mehitable, 29 March, 1673; Lydia, Aug., 1675; Nathaniel, 
24 Dec, 1678. 

John Turner, Jr. had Japhet, 9 Feb., 1650 ; Israel, 14 Feb., 1654 ; 
Miriam, 8 April, 1658; Ann, 23 Feb., 1662; Sarah, 25 July, 1665; 
Jacob, 10 March, 1667-8 ; David, 5 Nov., 1670 ; Philip, 18 Aug., 
1673 ; a son, 9 April, 1676. 

Steven Tilden had Hannah, 14 Oct., 1662 ; Steven, 5 Feb., 1663-4 ; 



1865.] Early Marriages and Births in Scituale. 221 

Abigail, 11 July, 1666 ; Mary, 7 April, 1668 ; Judith, 1 June, 1670 ; 
Joseph, 13 May, 1672 ; Mercy, 1 May, 1674 ; Ruth, 1 June, 1676 ; 
Isaac, 28 Aug., 1678; Ephraim, 20 Nov., 1680 ; Ebenezer, 16 June, 
1682 ; David, 6 Nov., 1685. 

John Cowen had Joseph, 6 Dec, 1657 ; Mary, 14 May, 1659 ; 
John, 10 Jan., 1662; Israel, 10 Dec, 1664; Rebecca, 10 May, 1666. 

Steven Vinal had Aaron, 1 Jan., 1664 ; John, 20 Sept., 1667 ; Ste- 
ven, 9 May, 1670 ; Hannah, 10 July, 1671 ; Steven, 2 March, 1674-5 ; 
Gideon, 17 Aug., 1678 ; Samuel, 4 July, 1681. 

Richard Man had Nathaniel, 25 Sept., 1646 ; Thomas, 15 Aug., 
1650 ; Richard, 5 Feb., 1652 ; Josiah, 10 Dec, 1654. 

John Magoon had Isaac, Aug., 1676. 

Jonas Pickles had Mercy, 8 Dec, 1660; Nathan, 28 Jan., 1661; 
Lydia, 10 April, 1662 ; Jonas, 10 March, 16G3-4. 

Thomas Roose had Thomas, 16 Sept., 1666 ; Patience, 31 March, 
1668 ; Hannah, 23 May, 1669. 

Jonas Dean had Thomas, 29 Oct., 1691 ; Ephraim, 22 May, 1694. 

John Baylie had John, 5 Nov., 1673; Sarah, Oct., 1675; Mary, 
Dec, 1677 ; Joseph, Oct., 1679 ; Benjamin, April, 1682 ; William, 
Feb., 1684-5 ; Hannah, Jan., 1687-8 ; Samuel, Aug., 1690. 

Samuel House had Samuel, 28 March, 1665 ; Joseph, 10 April, 
1667 ; Rebecca, 12 April, 1670 ; John, 22 Sept., 1672. 

James Doughty had Mary, 23 June, 1650 ; James, 21 Feb., 1651-2 ; 
Elizabeth, 25 Nov., 1654; Lydia, 14 Feb., 1656; Sarah, 2 April, 
1662 ; Samuel, 29 Sept., 1664 ; Robert, 14 Feb., 1666-7 ; Susanna, 
15 Feb., 1670. 

James Woodworth had Benjamin, Aug., 1676 ; Sarah, Aug., 1678 ; 
Elizabeth, Aug., 1680 ; Eamee, Jan., 1682-3 ; Abigail, April, 1685 ; 
Ruth, May, 1687. 

William Blackmore had Phebe, 12 Aug., 1672; William, 25 Feb., 
1676. 

Israel Silvester had Israel, 23 Sept., 1674. 

Edward Wanton had George, 25 Aug., 1666 ; William, 15 Sept., 
1670; Elizabeth, 16 Sept., 1668; John, 24 Dec, 1672; Sarah and 
Margaret, twins, 22 Sept., 1674. At Boston, Edward, 13 Sept., 
1658 ; Joseph, 1 May, 1664. At Scituate also, Hannah, 25 July, 
1677 ; Michael, 9 April, 1679 ; Stephen, 5 March, 1682 ; Philip, 9 
May, 1686. 

John Sutton had Elizabeth, 20 Oct., 1662 ; John, 28 Feb., 1663-4 ; 
Mary, 22 Jan., 1665 ; Sarah, 3 Nov. 1667 ; Hannah, 3 Nov., 1669; 
Hester, 25 Oct., 1671 ; Benjamin, 22 March, 1674-5 ; Nathaniel, 81 
July, 1676 ; Nathan, 6 Aug., 1679. 

John Booth had Elizabeth, 5 Oct., 1657 : Joseph, 27 March, 1659; 
John, 1 Jan., 1661 ; Benjamin, 4 July, 1667 ; Mary, 6 June, 1669; 
Abraham, 7 Feb., 1673 ; Grace, 4 July, 1677 ; Judith, 13 March, 
1680. 

Peter Worthelike had Hannah and Alice, 18 Aug., 1676 ; Sarah, 
6 April, 1682. 

Thomas Woodworth had Ebenezer, 25 May, 1676 ; Mary, 8 July, 
1678. 

Richard Prouty had James, 30 Oct., 1677 ; Edward, 30 Sept., 1679; 
Jonathan, 1 Sept., 1681 ; Isaac, 18 Nov., 1689 ; Margaret, 2 March, 
1691-2 ; William, 30 Jan., 1694-6. w. h. w. 

Vol XIX. 19* 



222 Pcpperrell Manuscripts. [July 



THE PEPPERELL MANUSCRIPTS. 

[The originals in possession of J. W. Thoenton, A.M.] 
Concluded from page 148. 

Burning op Rock a way, Long Island, by the Enemy — 1741. 

New London in Gonnecticutt Colony, June 18, 1741. 

At ten o'clock this morning, M'. James Bebee Arrived from South- 
old, on Long Island, and informs that this Morning a little before day 
his Oapt. Mr. Richard Brown sent his Drummer to inform him, the 
said Bebee, who gave him the following acco*. from said Capt. Brown, 
viz'. Last Tuesday Night, at Ten o'clock, the Enemy, of what Na- 
tion is unknown, landed on the South side of said Island, near Hamp- 
stead plain, to the Number of one thousand Men, at the town of 
Rock way, * and have burnt the Town to Ashes — that a Post came to 
Col**. Henry Smith, of Brookhaven, who sent to Cap*. Hubbart of 
Southold with the above Acco*. and further saith, that all the Military 
Companys on said Island to the west of Southold Marcht, Yesterday, 
to go to the place with six days Provisions. Said Bebee had Orders 
from said Cap*. Brown forthwith to come over to New London to give 
information, and further saith that there were thirty sail of vessells. 

James Bebee, the above Deponant made Oath to the above Relation, 
the day above s*^. Coram me, J. Hampstead, JV Peace. 

The above is a True Copy Compared w*** the Original. 

Exam. J. Willard, Sec'ry. J. Hampstead, Just. Peace. 

[Superscribed, To Coll. Wm. Pepperrell.] 

Letter from Hon. Richard Waldron to Col. Pepperrell — 1742. 

Dbar Sir, 

I Wrote you a line last week, and hoped to be favoured with one 
from you at the posts return, but was mortifyed with a disappoint- 
ment. Nothing remarkable has occurred since my last, onely a rumour 
in the Town, that there was no bending or bringing of me too ; that 
I had drawn a Party to me, and stopped the busyness of the General! 
Court, and was like to breed a Mutiny in the Council. Indeed I 
opposed the appropriating of the excise to the Gov" salary, as it was 
a General Grant to the King by a perpetual Act, for answering the 
incidents of Government. 'Tis said things go along harmoniously 
now I am out of the way. The Asscm. have voted a thous** pounds 
present to the Governor, and a thousand pounds yearly salary out of 
the Excise, and a thousand pounds more for a salary out of the inter- 
est of a Loan, if leave can be had to emitt it. 

'Tis said P — rs — n Br— n is to be Chaplain of the Castle, and to have 
an allowance out of the Treasury, but this is a report but just started. 

• " The village of Near Rockaway is about 5 miles S. W. of Hampstead village, at the 
bead of llockaway Ixiy, which can I)e approached by vessels of 60 or 80 tons." — ^Barber's 
Hitknical ColUctiom of the State of New York, page 456. 



1865.] Pepperrell ManuscripU. 223 

Why do the people who had grants from Massachusetts Act so un- 
wisely, as to come hither (hand over head) and petition for land to be 
charged with a quit-rent. The present Charter of Mass* impowers 
the Government to grant lands that were comprehended in the old 
Charter, so that all those Grants comprehended in the old Charter are 
good, notwithstanding the Settlements of the Line which onely deter- 
mines the jurisdiction. 

Is n't it pity your people are not better informed, that they mayn't 
act foolishly any more, and besides what right has the King where 
People are in possession. 

If the Proprietors of the new Towns would give Livermore and 
Parker a hundred pounds apeice to stand by them, the granting 
party here would be aground, and have no body to help them, nor 
know which way to turn, nor what step to take, for 'tis not conceiv- 
able, what ignorance there is amongst us, except by those who are 
witnesses of it. I Expect if there is a change in the Ministry that 
Yon'l send immediately home for a Commission, or provide somebody 
else that will, to deliver us from Ignorance and thraldom already 
pour'd and pouring in upon us like a deluge. I suppose Our Assem- 
bly Expect to be Landlords of thousands and thousands of Acres, 
esteeming but reasonable, for generous Grants of money, to have a 
return of as generous grants of land, huzza, huzza, huzza, 
I am, S' your most obedient humble servant, 

Rich'd Waldron,* 
Port : March 26, 1742. 

Pray write me the News of the Town, the busyness of the Court, 
the Change of officers. 

Why don't you turn the Indian trade at Fort Dummer upon ns ? 
When do y° come home ? 
Hon. Col°. Pepperrell. 

Note from Governor SmRLEY to Pepperrell — 1745. 

Sir, 

As I believe the Commodore's presence when I speak to the Regi- 
ments this Morning would be of great Service, I shall be obliged to 

♦ Richard Waldixm was son of Richard, and grandson of Miyor Richard, of Dover, N. 
H. Major Richanl, l)om in Alccstcr, Warwiclishirc, England, was baptized Jan. 6, 1615. 
In N. H, Hist. CoUectiotvt, ii. 40, it is stated that he was a native of Somersetshire, Eng., 
and was bom al)ont 1609. The latter date is also given in Bcllinap's Hist. New Hampshire, 
i. 200, as also in the Register, v. 182, where a pedigree of four generations is given. II. O. 
Somerby,'£8q., copied the baptism, as above, from the parish register of Alcester, and the 
date agrees with his own deposition — aged 48 in 1663. (See pcdiCTee of Waldi-on, <xwU, 
Tiii. 78). Maj. Waldron was killed by the Indians, June 27, 1689. His son Richard, grand- 
son Richard, and great grandson Thomas Westbrooke Waldron, were successively members 
of the Royal Council for the Province of New Hampshire. 

Richard* son of Major Richard Waldron, was bom in 1650, died Nov. 3, 1730. His fint 
wife vms Hannah, dau. of President Cutt. He m. 2d at Portsmouth, Feb. 6, 1692-3, Ellenor, 
dan. of Major Wm. Vaughan. She was the mother of Richard^ (the A»Titer of the abore 
letter). He was l)om Feb. 21, 1693-1694 ; was a resident of Dover, afterwards of Porta- 
moQth; grad. H. C. 1712; m. Elizabeth, dau. of Thomas Westbrooke; was Councillor 
from 1728 for many years, and soon after Secretary of the Province, and in 1737 Judge of 
ProlMite; in 1749 was a Representative from Hampton, and was unanimously chosen 
Speaker. He died in 1753. His son Thomas Westbrooke* Waldron was a captain in the ex- 
pedition against Louisbnrg, aflcrwiu*ds a commissioner at Albany, a councillor in 1782, and 
died April 3, 1785. He was father of the late Daniel* Waldron, fesq., of Dover, N. H. 

Richard^ was an elder l)rother of William^ Waldron, bap. Aug. 4, 1697, who was pastor 
of the New Brick Church in Boston, died Sept. 11, 1727 ; m. EUzabcth Allen. See N. H. 
Hia. Collections, U. 40-47 ; Register, yii. 130, ix. 66-57. 



224 Pepperrdl Manuscripts. [J^ly, 

yoii if you will let him know y* I desire the favour of his Oompany 
upon that occasion, if it will not be too much trouble to him. 

Yours, &c. W. Shirlbt. 

[StDiperscribed] 
To the Hon"* Lieuten* General Pepperrell. 

Letter from Tobias Leiohton to Qen. Pepperrell — lt46. 

Boston f April 25, 1746. 
Honour'd Sr, 

I have Just time to let you know your Friends at Kittery are all in 
Good Helth, and in Piticular Mad" Pepperrell and M'. Sparhawk and 
wife and M'. Pepperrell your son. We have the Joy full News here 
of the Ariuael of a Prise at Pescatequa Which you sent from Caanco 
and Look for her here Every ower. I am Rejoysed to hear you are in 
Good helth and the Rest of my Good Friends. I hope you are in 
Possession of Cape Britian [Cape Breton] by this time. This Comes 
With My Duty to you and Serues to all Friends. I Pray the Lord 
May Preserve you from all Danger and Return you to us again in 
safety and in helth which is the harty Desire and Prayer of S'. 

Your Most Obedient Hum"* ser'. 
To the Hon"* Gen** Pepperrell, Esq'. 1'obias Leighton. 

P. S. Pray S' Please to Giue My Duty to Good M'. Moodey, &c. 

T. L. 

Letter prom Nathaniel Sparhawk — 1745. 

Boston f December 16^, It 45. 
DsAR Sir, 

Least you should not incline to write me till you hear from me, 
which you should have long since, had I not been exceedingly hurryed 
in writing to London and Cape Breton, and attending the Court of 
Admiralty on our Father's Affairs, besides having a regard to my Own 
buisness and attending the General Court, I take this opp**. to let 
you know that I have y* same esteem of and Love to you that I have 
always professed, and whether at Home or abroad, you Always have 
my best wishes for your welfare and happiness. There are several 
vessels arrived here from Louisbourg, since Capt. Tyng, one yester- 
day in Eight days, when our Father was exceeding well. But he 
has wrote no body that I can find, w*"^ I very much wonder at. If 
there is any Opp°. of sending yo' Father any live stock pray do. You 
may depend onH that he [ ] are lost 

over board, and no fresh provisions are to be had for any money there. 
The Government have taken up divers vessells and will be sending 
down stores of one kind and another, but none will be particularly as- 
signed him I believe. So it is however hard, that I would advise you 
to Hire a small vessell if you can, and send down Cattle, sheep, 
fowles, &c. &c., and Rum and Cyder, which is much wanted, and 
Boots. I would send nothing on deck but Boards. The live Stock 
to be carryed on a Platform under deck, with as much provender and 
screwed hay as possible. I have tryed to get a vessell here but can- 
not, or should have dispatched One before now. What Our Father 
don't want will sell for a great price, a Goat (for there was nothing 
else there fresh) sold for 8^ per lb. Sterling, abo* y^ time Tyng came 



1865.] Pepperdl Manuscripts. 225 

away, and I believe that was y* last that was to be had. I am send- 
ing Chocolate, Cheese (by y" Way Cheese is much wanted there), 
loaf sugar, Coffee, and such like things down, but can get no room 
for live stock save only y* decks of vessells, and they won't live 
there. I have thought it necessary to give you this acco' and shall 
only be looking out for a vessell till I hear how you succeed. Your 
Oysters will come [ ] Stillson, who I expect will [ ^ ] 

the 1* vessel. I long to return, but see no prospect of it at present. 
You'l see by the Prints the Honour the General Court is abo' to do 
their General, w** I am Sorry was not done him long since. I pity 
him, and our Good and dear Mother, that they should be at such an 
Unhappy distance. I write Her and y* sister that I've only to add 
sincere Regards being Y" most affectionately. 

N. Sparhawk. 

Copy of an Advertisement for Enlisting Recruits at Louisbourg — 

1745. 

Louisbourg, March llth, 1745. 

This is to notifie all Persons that may be inclined to iulist them- 
selves to serve his Majesty in the Regiment under my Command to be 
raised forthwith for the Defence and Service of this his Majesty's 
Island of Cape Breton. 

That they will have over and above their Pay, which is sixpence 
sterl^. p"" Day, A Hat, A Roller, a pair of Shoes, pair of Stockins, Coat, 
Wast Coat, Breeches, and two Shirts, and a warm Watchcoat when 
upon Duty, and be new cloathed every year, and Bedding, Fuel 
and Candles will be provided for them. And further for their encou- 
ragement I promise to allow and pay to each man that shall inlist at 
the following Rates, at the Time of Inlisting, vizt. six Dollars to each 
that shall inlist for 3 years, 8 Dollars for four years, and 10 Dollars 
for 5 years or longer. 

[Oct., 1746. City of Louisbourg, 

To making 106 hand spikes, £21 14 
Gilbert Hides. 
City of Louisbourg to James Moody, Dr. 

To making 13 hand spikes at 4s. £2 12 

Gunshafts, fixing sheep skins on heads. James Moodey. 

Also, City of Louisbourg to John Brewer, Dr. 
" " " ^' Joseph Pratt, 

Louisbourg, 2 Nov., 1745. (Various items charged.) 

Bartholomew Green made oath that the sevcrall artificers above 
mentioued have done the work and supply'd the Garrison w"* the in- 
struments charged as above. Before \Vm. Wiluams. 

The Committee, Wm. Williams and Ja* Monk certify.] 

Letter from Major General Roger Wolcott to Sir Wm. Pepper- 

RELL — 1746. 
[Roger Wolcott, Governor of Connecticut, was one of the most 
remarkable men the State ever produced. He was a son of Simon and 



226 Pepperrell Manuscripts. [J^Jj 

"Joanna (Cook) Wolcott, and grandson of Henry Wolcott — who emi- 
grated from Galdon Manor, Tolland, Somersetshire, England, to Dor- 
chester, Mass., in 1630, and died in Windsor, Conn, in 1665. Roger 
was bom in Windsor, Jan. 4, 16Y8-9. He was " apprenticed at the age 
of 12 to old Mr. Eno to learn the trade of a weaver'' — in 1699, at 
ttie age of 21, he engaged in business for himself. In the expedition 
against Canada in 1711 he was Commissary of the Connecticut forces, 
and bore the commission of Major General at the capture of Louis- 
burg in 1745. After holding offices in the assembly and council, he 
was made judge of the county court, deputy governor, chief judge 
of the superior court, and from 1751 to 1754, governor. He m. Sarah 
Drake, Dec. 3, 1702, and had 14 children, amone them Roger, b. Sept. 
14, 1704 ; m. Mary Newberry, Oct. 10, 1728, and was a member of ^e 
assembly, a major, judge of the superior court, and one of the revisers 
of the laws of the colony. " His early death, Oct. 10, 1754, alone 
prevented his filling the gubernatorial chair." 

Gov. Roger Wolcott had a son Oliver, who was chosen Governor 
of Conn, in 1796, and a grandson Oliver (son of Gov. Oliver Wol- 
cott), who was also Governor of Conn, from 1817 to 1827. 

Gov. Roger Wolcott died May 17, 1767, aged 88. He was the author 
of -4 Brief Account of the Agency of the Honourable John Winthrop, Esq., 
in the Court of King Charles the Second, Anno Dom. 1662, when he 
Obtained for the Colony of Connecticut His Majesty^ s Gracious Charter, 
which is contained in a small volume entitled — Poetical \ Medications, 
j being the I Improvement \ of some \ Vacant Hours, By Roger Wol- 
cott, Esq. ; I with a Preface ( by the Reverend I Mr. Bulkley, of Col- 
chester. I New London : I Printed and sold by T. Green | 1725. The 
Poems are dedicated to Rev. Timothy Edwards — father of the cele- 
brated Jonathan Edwards — under date of Windsor, Jan. 4, 1722-3. 
The Preface by Rev. John Bulkley bears date, Dec. 24, 1724.* Gov. 
Wolcott also published, in 1761, a letter to Mr. Hobart, in relation to 
Congregational Churches.] 

Sir, Windsor, July 1th, 1746. 

When I was at Boston the last month I heard you were soon expected 
I there and hoped your Arivall might be Ere I left the Town, and there- 
by I might have the pleasure to wait upon you and pay my Respects 
to you in person. 

This favor was Denyed me, but now hearing of your Arivall I^ take 
this opertunity to Congratulate you on the Good service you haue 

• At the close of the book is an Advertisement (three pages) by Mr. Dewey, a 
clothier:— 

" I the Subscriber, having these many Years (even from my youth) been Imployed in the 
Kaking and Working of. Cloth ; and having seen with Regret the Errors which some People 
oommit in their Preparations about so good and needful a Work, am willing to offer a few 
Thoughts to Consideration ; and having t)cen something at Charge in promoting the Pub- 
lishing the foregoing Meditations, do here take the Litnirty to Advertise my Country People 
of some Rules which ought to Ik; observed, in doing their part, that so the Clothiers might 
he assisted in the better performance of what is expected of them, that the Cloth which is 
made among us may both Wear and Last, better, than it can possibly do, Except these fol- 
lowing Directions are Observed by us." 

Seven Directions follow, the last of which is — " Let your Weavers Observe, not to Slaie 
your Cloth too high ; but let them Vse more Filling than Chain ; and beat it up well in the 
Weaving thereof." 

** These are the Things which I humbly oflRnr, hoping they'll be followed and not Slighted 
by mv Neighbours and Coontry-folks, whom I wish well to, and am ready to Serve. 

(^hetter^i725, Joseph Dbwbt." 



1865.] Pepperrell Manuscripts. 22T 

Done your King and Country, the Honours you haue thereby so 
Justly Meritted and receiued from your Prince, your preservation ia 
the Last Winters sickness at Louisbourg, and your safe arivall at 
your Native Country Again*, and I heartily Wish you the same series 
of success in all the Remaining service and business of your life. 

In the present Expedition ag^. Canada I am to bear no part, In 
which I Rejoice, Especially seeing the posts are like to be so well 
filled, and His time for mee to haue done, yett as my heart is with you 
in the preservation of Cape Breton so it is with them in the Reduction 
of Canada. May the Almighty be present with our forces this year 
9M he was the last, and give the desired success, and Glue his people 
hearts to be humble and Resigned to his will in this and Euery 
other thing. 

I am Informed that our Connecticutt Leuies are very Near Complete 
and will be ready to press forward as soon as the Commissions Come. 
We hear Leuies Go on slow in the Province, which I hope is not True, 
if it be it will Doubley be the Care of those to Whom it belongs to . 
press that afair forward with the Greatest Dispatch, for altho' I hope 
we haue time Enough we haue None to spare. 

Pray Giue my service as you haue oportunity to the officers in the 
Province that served with us the last Campain and to Coll^. Moore. 
I am, S', Your Very Humble servant, 

R. WOLCOTT. 

To S' Will« Pepperrell, In Boston. 

Letter from Joseph Orne to Wm. Coffin, Jr., of Boston — lt46. 

Mr. Wm. Coffin, Portsmo., Aug. 1st, 1746. 

Sir, 

Yours of y* 29th of July is before me, and should have acknow- 
ledged y* Recp*. of y® Former, but was Prevented by Intending first 
to have waited on Sir W"*. But unluckily as I went down y* River 
he Came to Portsm"*. and Called at my House In his way to Boston, 
and I not at Home. Some Days Before I had your Letter with y* Copy 
to him, he did me y* Honour to dine with me without any Com- 
pany, but y* Moment dinner was Over, Crowded In People till Sir W". 
was hurried away without any opportunity to talk of your affairs, but * 
M'. Sparhawke promised me to Lett sir W"". Know y* Palsitys of y^ 
accusation, and Believe your Innocence is apparent to M^ Sparhawk 
and Sir W"., so you may Depend I will Doe all in my Power to Serve 
you as Much as if it were for my own Son, and am y' Friend 

and H. Serv'. J. Orne. 

Letter from General Samuel Waldo to Andrew Pepperrell — lt47. 

Sir, Boston, May ISth, 1H7. 

I have rec** yours of y* 16*^ with one Inclosed which have delivered. 
I am sorry to find there is so little Reason to expect Kittery will send 
two Representatives, and that there appears any Necessity of M'. 
Sparhawks Friends making their utmost Efforts to secure his Election 
which I hope is sure. I am very much surprised at M'. Frost's At- 
tempt, sure he must be encouraged to it from hence, or he had not 
pretended to vie with our Friend, who is certainly of a Capacity inferi- 
our to none. By the too great Security of my Friends and the Deceit 



228 Pepperrell Manuscripts. [July? 

of the Party that some of them made an Alliance with, I lost the 
Choice here, and M'. Allen instead of Parson Wells is the only new 
Member. Cambridge sends two this year, and Salem the same. I 
am in great hopes tho' Kittery should send no more than one that 
York and Wells if not Berwick will each send two, and If Sir William 
makes a point of it, he might, I think, easyly carry it both in these 
Places and Kittery. 

Owing to the backwardness of my Officers I have not yet gott all 
my Regiment into the County of York, which yet detains me here. I 
hope, however, we shall be able to give the Enemy a better Reception 
upon their next Approach, which the latter End of this Moon I am 
apprehensive off. I have given my Officers orders to be in readyness 
and to post 20 or 30 Men at Biddeford if the Inhabitants desire it, 
otherwise a part thereof to joyn the marching Party on Saco River. 
I am very uneasy that I can't be among them, but have no remedy 
but Patience, which without Bishop Moody's perseverance will effect 
little for a distressed Country. We are all well and return yoii our 
Compliments. I am in particular. 

Sir, Yo'. Most humbl. Serv^ 
[For an account of Gen. Waldo, see S. Waldo. 

Parsons 's Life of Pepperrell, and 

Allen's Biographical Dictionary,] 

Letter from Isaac Winslow to Andrew Pepperrell — 174t. 

Dear Sir, 

This is just to inclose you a Receipt for the two hh*^. of rum you 
bo*, of me ship'd by the Sloop Greyhound, Ja'. Philpot, which I wish 
safe. Underneath is a bill of parcells. 

I had the pleasure of drinking Tea w"* my sister Hannah. She is 
very well. 

I wish you and all Friends at Kittery safe from the small pox, and 
am w*** M". Winslow's and my due Compliments to all, 

D-- S' Yo' Fr^ most h"^, 

Isaac Winslow. 

9 From the same to the same — 1748. 

Dear Sir, July 26, 1U8. 

I should have done my self the pleasure of writing you last post, 
but I expected that of seeing you in Town last Week w** I find 
by yo' favo' of 19* you defer till this, and I wish the Weather may 
favour your Design. 

Yesterday arriv'd the Glasgow, M. War, in seven Weeks from 
England, w*** a packet to our Governm*. It contains a proclamation 
for a suspension of Arms w*^ France, w*'^ was yesterday read on y' 
Exchange by order of y® Gov', and Council. Spain has not yet come 
in. The ship brings no Copy of the preliminaries, nor any thing else 
material, only that the King was gone to Hanover. We have y* pre- 
liminaries by a vessell from Liverpool (tho' not published by authori- 
ty), and are much the same as by the Lisbon Vessell. A poor Peace 
for N. England I 

I am D' S' Yo' affect*. Friend and h^»« ser*. 
All Friends are well and return Isaac Winslow. 

y* Compliments. • 



1865.] Pepjterrell Manuscripts. 229 

From the same to the same — 1*749. 
Dr Sir, 

I find by yo' L' to my sister Ilannah, that I am indebted to you for 
yo' fav' reed, some time [ ] has prevented the having 

any L' from you since. 1 assure you I have been extremely hurried 
on those Days of late, w*^ occasion'd my not writing. Whenever 
business will allow it and any thing material offers 1 shall make no 
scruple of giving you two L" for one. I would hope you don^t keep 
a regular acco* of such matters. 

I sho'^ [ ] S' William [ ] hawk, 

but had a number of papers to send by that Opportunity to him, and 
I had no Thoughts that y' 1/ wo** carry the first news, as it was known 
severall days before I knew of an opportunity of writing. I hope 
We shall soon have L" from him and the Brigad" and y' all afiairs will 
turn out well. I am of opinion that the Eastern settlements will put 
on a good pace y* next sumer as there arc a great many Vessells gone 
and going for Ireland, among the Vessells our prov. ship is fitting out 
and there is a probability of our having also a number of Germans. 
The [ j universally agreed [ ] to 

y* keeping a silver [ ] among us. 

I hope the spring will open w*** a brisk Trade. It's dull eno' here 
at present. I wish you success in yo' navigation and all affairs and 
am, Yrs, 

30 Jan^, 1749. Isaac Winslow. 

To Andrew Pepperrell, Esq. 

Letter from Pepperrell to his Wife. — 1745. 

[The original in possession of lion. William Willis, of Portland, Me.] 

Louisbourg, Sept. 11, 1745. 
My Dearest, 

I received by Capt. More Six Shurts in a bundal, but no letter from 
you w*"^ gave me some concern, if you knew what pleasure a letter 
from you gives me, I am sure you would Straine your Dear Eyes Even 
by Candle light, but am aff'raide you was not well being well assured^ 
you cannot fV)rget me. 

We have not as yet got any answer to our Express's from England, 
and it being uncertaine where I shall return this wintter altho it is y* 
arnest desire of my Soul to be with you and my Dear Family, but I 
desire to be made willing to submit to him that rules and Governs all 
things well, as to leave this place without Liberty I don't think I can 
on any acco*. 

I shall want some red, blew, and black thread to mend my cloths, 
worsted and yarn to mend my stockins, some pieces of black, blew, 
red or crimson shalloun to mend my cloths. 1 do believe I have clothe 
enough for winter, except it is a p^ or two of yarn stockins. I liave 
sent you five shurts and three necks, for they spoile sluirts to wash 
them here ; I sent you all my tea in great hopes soon to i'ollow it, but 
you must send me three or four pounds. Catto will want a pare or 
two of large thick shoes, Stockens and woolen Shurte or two. Some 
fowls will answer well and then hope shall be well provided for 
winter. 

Vol. XIX. 20 



230 New Brick Churchy Boston. [J^Xf 

If you have an opportunity you may send these things, but don't 
give yourseife much trouble about them, hope we shall do well with- 
out them. 

Let Andrew send rae y* Sadel I rid to Boston on with y*' breast 
plate, holsters, pistol baggs and housing, a good bridel, as to pistols 
I have a p' here. But after all I hope to be with you this winter if 
not must provide for y* worst. 

And now my Dear I must tell you something of the distress and 
anguish of my soul ; my prudent and valued Doct' Bulman altho has 
had his health finely until six days past was taken with a nervous 
fever and given over. I Expect*^ y* day past he would not have lived, 
but Bless"* be God there is some hopes this morning, the Lord in Great 
mercy continue him to us if it is his holy and Bless^ will. Cannot 
Enlarge, my Love to my Dear Children and all my Dear Friends and 
accept of same from your affectionate Ilusband. 

Superscribed, Wm. Pepperrell." 

**To Mrs. Mary Pcpperrell, Att Kittery." 

[The maiden name of General Pepperrell's wife, to whom his 
simple and affectionate letter is addressed, was Mary Hirst, of Bos- 
ton. He was early drilled in military matters ; his father was Colonel 
of the Maine regiment, to which this his only son at an early age suc- 
ceeded. In 1730, he was appointed by Governor Belcher, Chief Jus- 
tice of the Common Pleas Court, which oflSce he held at the time of 
his death. He had previously been an assistant Clerk of the Court, 
when his father was one of the judges. After he was appointed Chief 
Justice, he imported a few elementary books from London ; among 
which was Jacob's Law Dictionary in 2 volumes folio, which is now 
in the hands of Wm. B. Sewall, Esq., of Kennebunk, son of Daniel 
Sewall, the time honored Clerk of the Courts in York County, from 
whom he received the copy. w. w.] 



NEW BRICK CHURCH, BOSTON. 

List of Persons connected tJierewith from 1722 to 1775. Compiled 

from the Records, 

[Communicated by Thomas B. Wtman, Jr., of Charlcstown.] 
[Continued from Vol. xvlU. page 344] 

jARVis--JER\as.»>— (115) Mary, bap. Nov. 13, 1726 ; (174) William, 
bap. Mar. 9, 1728-9 ; (223) Mary, bap. Feb. 21, 1730-1 ; (160) Elizabeth, 
admitted Aug. 14, 1748; (73) Deliverance, owned cov'. Oct. 14, 
1753 ; (873) ? Delia, dau. of Elias and Deliverance, bap. by M. Abbet of 
Charleston, Nov. 25, 1753 ; (193) Mary, adm. April 18, 1756 ; (910) 
Thomas, bap. Sept. 23, 1759 ; (943) Abigail, bap. Oct. 25, 1761 ; 
(976) Return,^ bap. Jan. — 1764 ; (1007) Nathaniel, bap. Jan. 26, 
1766 ; (1037) John Sailer,** bap. Sept. 20, 1767 ; (1062) John,* bap. 
Mar. 5, 1769. 

Jenkins.— (17) Thomas, Junr., owned cov. Jan. 80, 1736-7 ; (121) 



1865.] New Brick Church, Boston. 231 

Jonathan Jenkyns, bap. Feb. 26, 1726-7 ; (407) Thomas, bap. Jan. 30, 
1736-7 ; (8I8)Jonatlian,bap. Jan. 20, 1750-1 ; (868)Mary, bap. April 
8, 1753; (147) Jonathan, adm. Nov. 11, 1744. 

Jennings.— (1092) Bethia, bap. Mar. 1, 1772. 

Johnson. — (42) Joseph, owned cov. Feb. 14, 1741-2; (546) Jacob, 
bap. Aug. 23, 1741 ; (559) Sara, bap. Feb. 14, 1741-2 ; (599) Sarah, 
bap. June 12, 1743 ; (654) Joseph, bap. Jan. 13, 1744-5. 

JuPAN.— (908) Nathaniell, bap. June 10, 1759. 

Kendal.— (117) EstJier, adm. Dec. 28, 1740. 

Kennedy.— (501) Hugh, p. Mr. Gray, bap. Feb. 10, 1739-40; 
(630) Margaret, bap. Mar. 1, 1740-1; (586) Elisabeth, bap. Oct. 
10, 1742. 

Kino.— (1036) Samuel Harris, bap. Aug. 30, 1767 ; (1040) Mary, 
bap. Oct. 11, 1767. 

Knight,— (64) Eliza, adra. Mar. 4, 1732-3. 

Lamb.— (810) Anne, bap. Sept. 30, 1750; (877) Thomas, son of James 
and Delier, bap. Nov. 25, 1753 ; (893) John, son of Mr. L.. bap. May 11, 
1755; (913) Jane, dan. of Mr. L., bap. Mar. 23, 1760; (934) David, 
bap. May 24, 1761; (960) Samuel, bap. Dec. 19, 1762; (978) Fran- 
cis, bap. Jan. 22, 1764 ; (999) Elizabeth, bap. Sept. 29, 1765 ; (^1032) 
Joseph, bap. June 7, 1767 ; (1045 and 1046) Martha and barah, 
bap. Aug., 1768 ; (1077) Martha, bap. Oct. 28, 1770. 

Labrabee. — (552) John, bap. Nov. 15, 1741. 

Lawler. — (4:S) Susannah, owned cov. Dec. 11, 1743; (164) Thomas, 
adm. Aug. 13, 1749; (621) Thomas, bap. Jan. 15, 1743-4; (686) 
William, bap. Dec. 22, 1745 ; (735) John, bap. April 10, 1748 ; (801) 
Susanna, bap. Aug. 19, 1750 ; (840) Elisabeth, bap. Feb. 16, 1752 ; 
(187) Susannah, adm. Feb. 29, 1756. 

Leach. — (188, 189) William and his child Hannah, bap. Dec. 7, 
1729 ; (264) William, bap. April 16, 1732 ; (322) Richard, bap. April 7, 
1734. 

Leadbetter^- Leed''.— (123) Ebenezer,^ adm, June 28, 1741; (630) 
Ebenezer, bap. Mar. 25, 1744 ; (695) Elisabeth, bap. April 6, 1746 ; 
(730) Ebenezer, bap. Jan. 24, 1747-8; (802) Elisabeth— Irish, bap. 
Aug. 26, 1750 ; (924) Henrv,'' bap. Nov. 9, 17G0 ; (950) Peter,*' bap. 
May 2, 1762 ; (979) Elizabeth Leadbeatcr, Feb. 12, 1764. . 

Lee. — (3) William, original member May 23, 1722, chosen deacon 
Jan. 15, 1722-3 ; (29) Deborah, adm. May 5, 1728 ; (38) Thomas, 
Junr., adm. Sept. 22, 1728 ; (66) Abigail, adm. Mar. 25, 1733 ; (151) 
Martha, bap. June 2, 1728 ; (197) Elizabeth, bap. Feb. 22, 1729-30 ; 
(83) Thomas, adm. Mar. 7, 1735-6 ; (383) Thomas, adult, bap. Mar. 
7, 1735-6. 

Leighton. — (476) Joseph, bap. April 15, 1739. 

Lenox.— (25) Abigail, owned cov. Sept. 24, 1738 ; (460) Nancy, by 
Mr. Gray, bap. Nov. 26, 1738 ; (461) David, do. do., Nov. 26, 1738; 
(626) Abigail, bap. Feb. 1, 1740-1 ; (638) Susannah, bap. July 8, 
1744; (743) Benjamin, bap. June 12, 1748. 

Lewise*- Lewis ^ e. — (21) Martha, adm. Mar. 22, 1723: (23) 
Phillip,* adm. Mar. 22, 1723 ; (^101) Michael, bap. July 17, 1720. 

LiNCH.— (386) Thomas, bap. Mch. 21, 1735-6. 

Lord.— (1) Thomas, owned cov. Nov. 3, 1728; (161) Samuell, 
bap. Nov. 3, 1728. 

Lomno. — (4) Nathaniel, original member, May 23, 1722 ; (75) 



232 New Brick Church, Boston, [J^Ij; 

Nathaniel, Junr., adm. April 28, 1131:; (594) Susannah; bap. Mar. 6, 
1742-3 ; (U2) Mary, bap. June 5, 1748 ; (803) Hannah, bap. Sept. 2, 
1760; (807) John Giles, bap. Mar. 25, 1753; (983) Nathaniel, bap. 
Aug., 1764; (1049) Elizabeth, bap. Oct. 9, 1768; (221) Elizabetli, 
adm. Nov. 4, 1709 ; (1101) Sarah Hutchinson, bap. Aug. 9, 1772. 

Love.— (128) John, bap. June 25, 1727 ; (211) Thomas, bap. Sept. 
6, 1730 ; (212) Bcnnet, bap. Sept. 6, 1730. 

LucuM. — (50) Judith, owned cov. April 15, 1744 — (154) adm. Oct. 
12, 1746 : (633) Judith, bap. April 29, 1744. 

Mac(.\»)fifA— (103) Mary, bap. July 17, 1726 ; (127) Margaret,** 
bap. April 23, 1727 ; (172) Eliza,* bap. Feb. 16, 1728-9. 

MACCARir.— (101) Thaddeus, adm. June 17,1739; (8) Eliza, bap. 
Oct. 7, 1722 ; (45) John, bap. Aug. 16, 1724. 

Mac-Clish* — Macklish.*' — (107) Sarah," dau. of Samuel Haly, adm. 
Jan. 27, 1739-40 ; (505) Thomas,^ p. Mr. Gray, bap. April 6, 1740. 

McCuN.— (782) Joanna, bap. Dec. 31, 1749. 

Manwaring — Manwaruing.*' — (99) Daniel,^ adm. April 8, 1739 — 
(475) adult, bap. April 8, 1739; (100) Sarah, wife of Daniel, adm. 
April 8, 1739; (112) Eliza,'^ bap. Sept. 18, 1726 ; (483) Sarah,** bap. 
June 3, 1739; (534) Mary, = bap. April 12, 1741; (592) Nathaniel,' 
bap. Jan. 23, 1742 ; (653) Daniel.' bap. Jan. 6, 1744-5 ; (198) Daniel,' 
bap. Juno 15, 1746 ; (741) John,* bap. May 29, 1748 ; (806) Gibbins* 
Sharp, and (806) Deborah," bap. Sept. 9, 1750. 

Marabell, &c. — (846) Thomas Marrabel, adult, bap. April 5, 1768; 
(848) Sarah Marrable, bap. April 26, 1753 ; (929) Robert,' bap. Mar. 
1,1761; (982) Joyce,' bap. June 24, 1764; (1019) Elizabeth, bap. 
Jan. 4, 1707. 

Marston. — (44) John, owned cov. Aug. 29, 1742; (585) Elisabeth, 
bap. Oct. 3, 1742; (611) Hannah, bap. Nov. 6, 1743; (683) Mercy, 
bap. Nov. 3, 1745; (931) Nathaniel, bap. April 12, 1761; (1034) 
Benjamin, bap. July 19, 1767 ; (1064) Benjamin, bap. April 9, 1769 ; 
(1091) William, bap. Feb. 23, 1772. 

Martin.— (851) Sarah, adult, bap. July 26, 1752. 

Marvell.— (891) Thomas, the son of Mr. M., bap. Mar. 23, 17-66 ; 
(968) Sarah, bap. May 22, 1763. 

MATcriFTr. — (153) Mary, dismissed from y* First Church in Glocester, 
adm. Aug. 17, 1746. 

Matfien.— (18) Sarah, bap. Mar. 17, 1722-3. 

MAVERiCKii*— Maverick.**— (31) John,' bap. Jan. 12, 1723-4; (124) 
Joiham,' adm. July 26, 1741 ; (88) Mary,' bap. Dec. 12, 1725 ; (169) 
Andrew, (170) Elias,» twins, bap. Feb. 9, 1728-9; (219) Sam u ell,' bap. 
Jan. 24, 1730-1 ; (617) Elisabeth, bap. Dec. 25, 1743 ; (667) John, 
bap. July 7, 1745; (710) Mehetabel, bap. Feb. 22, 1746-7; (780) 
Jotham, bap. Nov. 26, 1749; (814) Sarah, (815) Martha, twins, bap. 
Dec. 23, 1750 ; (881) Ann, by Mr. Mather, bap. Feb. 17, 1754. 

Maxwell.— (43) Lijdia, adm. Mar. 2, 1728-9; (175) Mary, bap. 
Mch. 16, 1728-9 ; (247) Elisabeth, bap. Oct. 24, 1731. 

Metcalf.— (204) Deborah, adm. July 13, 1760 ; (944) Francis, bap. 
Nov. 1, 1761. 

MiLLENS. — (75) James, bap. June 28, 1725; (76) Susanna, bap. 
June 28, 1725 ; (550) Charles, bap. Sept. 20, 1741. 

Mills.— (838) Joanna, bap. Dec. 29, 1751. 

Moors.— (23) Abigail, bap. Aug. 4, 1723. 



1865.] New Brick Church, Boston. 233 

More.— (16) Mary, bap. Feb. 17, 1722-23. 

MoRRicE* — Morris.** — (8) Nicolas,'^ owned cov. June 27, 1731 ; 
(23) Sarah, owned cov. June 11, 1738 ; (238) Nicolas,* bap. June 27, 
1731 ; (353) Nicolas, bap. Mar. 2, 1734-6; (450) Sarah, bap. June 18, 
1738 ; (532) Ann, bap. Mar. 15, 1740-1 ; (642) Martha, (643) Wil- 
liam, bap. Sept. 2, 1744. 

Mortimer.— (488) Sara, bap. Sept. 9, 1739 ; (589) Adams, bap. 
Dec. 19, 1742. 

Modntfort* — MouNTFORTH.^ — (63) &ra/i, adm. Mar. 4, 1732-3: (12) 
Nathaniell,»» bap. Nov. 25, 1722; (62) Hannah, bap. Feb. 7, 1724-5; 
(97) Jonathan, Junr., adm. Feb. 25, 1738-9 ; (664) Sarah, bap. May 
12, 1745; (706) Jonathan,* bap. Dec. 7, 1746; (795) Hannah, bap. 
July 1, 1750 ; (889) Mary, daughter of Dr. M., bap. Feb. 23, 1755 ; 
(229) Sarah, adm. Nov. 17, 1777 ; (238) Hannah,' adm. Oct. 17, 1773. 

Mower.— (107) Thomas, bap. Aug. 14, 1726 ; (120) Ephraim, bap. 
Feb. 19, 1726-7. 

MuMFORD. — (927) Ebenezer, bap. Jan. 4, 1761. 

Negroes. — (47) Dedford, man, bap. Sept. 27, 1724; (165) Lewis, 
man of Dr. Clark, bap. Nov. 24, 1728 ; (272) Philemon, man of Thos. 
Lee, bap. Sept, 3, 1732 ; (72) Deptford, man of Mr. Thos. Lee, adm. 
Nov. 11, 1733 ; (395) Peter, a man of David Snowdens, bap. July 11, 
1736 ; (593) Ann, woman of Mr. Haly's, bap. Jan. 23, 1742-3 ; (597) 
Jqremiah, child of Jeremy, man with Capt. Atkins, bap. May 8, 1743; 
<600) Cesar, man of Wm. Waters, bap. June 19, 1743 ; (601) Pompey, 
man of J. Tyler, bap. July 3, 1743 ; (645) John, son of Jeremiah, bap. 
Sept. 20, 1744 ; (696) Rose, woman of Capt. Bcnj. Edwards, bap. 
April 20, 1746; (884) Jeremiah, child, bap. Mar. 17, 1754; (919) 
Nero, Mr. Brock's man, bap. June 1, 1760 ; (937) Peter, son of Mr. 
Breck's Nero, bap. June 28, 1761 ; (952) Jane, child belonging to 
Mr. Giles, bap. June 20, 1762 ; (971) a young woman of Rev. Mr. 
Femberton's family, bap. Aug. 7, 1763 ; (954) Israel, of Mr. Breck's 
man Nero, bap. Aug. 22, 1762 ; (988) Lucy, daughter of Mr. Brock's 
man Nero, bap. Jan. 20, 1765 ; (1013) Jane, Mr. Pemberton's woman's 
dau., bap. June 5, 1766. 

Newell*- Newhall.**— (24) Henry,* bap. Sep. 29, 1723; (54) Su- 
sanna,' bapt Nov. 16, 1724; (29) David, owned cov. May 20, 1739; 
(484) David, p. Mr. Gray, bap. June 24, 1739 ; (516) Mary, bap. Oct. 
6, 1740 ; (663) Sarah, bap. April 14, 1745 ; (693) William, (694) 
Abigail, twins,' bap.' Mar. 16, 1745-6 ; (708) Mary, bap. Jan. 4, 
1746-7 ; (714) William, bap. April 26, 1747 ; (759) Mary, bap. Oct. 
30, 1748; (769) Benjamin, bap. April 30, 1749; (794) Elisabeth, 
bap. June 24, 1750; (808) Elisabeth, bap. Sept. 16, 1750j (837) 
Nathaniel, bap. Dec. 22, 1751 ; (873) John, by Father Clark, of 
Saylam, bap. Sept. 16, 1753; (942) William, bap. Sep. 27, 1761. 

NiCHOLLs, &c. — (176) Mary, adm. Jan. 4, 1756; (961) Hannah 
Nickolls, bap. Jan. 23, 1763. 

Nowell.— (232) Thomas, bap. May 16, 1731. 

Oliver.— (996) Nathaniel, bap. July 14, 1765. 

OsBORN*- OsBOURN.**— (836) William,* bap. Nov. 24, 1751 ; (004) 
Samuel,** son of Mr. , bap. May 20, 1759. 

Paine*- Pain.'"— (7) Samuell, owned covt. June 27, 1731 ; (237) 
bap. June 27, 1731 ; (15) Mary, y» wife of Wm., owned cov. Jan. 26, 
1734-5 ; (298) Jemima, bap. Mar. 25, 1702-3 ; (355) Mary, bap. 
Vol XIX. 20* 



234 ' New Brick Church, Boston. [Julj; 

Mar. 9, 1734-5; (388) Sarah, bap. April 11, 1736; (402) William, 
bap. Dec. 12, 1736; (471) Elisabeth, p. Mr. Gray, bap. Mar. 18, 
1738-9 ; (525) Sarah, bap. Jan. 25, 1740-1 ; (596) Thomas, bap. April 
24, 1743 ; (660) Diana, bap. Mar. 3, 1744-5 ; (152) Mary, adm. Aug. 
17,1746; (727) John, bap. Jan. 3, 1747-8; (166) '* William and 
(167) Mary his wife,'' adm. Jan. 21, 1749-50 ; (809) John, bap. Sept. 
23, 1750; (213) Mary,'' adm. Dec. 25, 1763; (1035) Wm. nowell, 
bap. Aug. 16, 1767. 

Palmer.— (863) Keturah, adult, bap. Feb. 25, 1753. 
Parkman.— (100) Esther, bap. July 3, 1726; (180) Esther, bap. 
June 15, 1729. 

Paul.— (81) Mary, adm. May 25, 1735. . 

Payson.— (666) Anne, bap. June 30, 1745 ; (703) Jonathan, bap. 
Aug. 17, 1746 ; (738) Anne, bap. May 1, 1748 ; (844) Jonathan, bap. 
Mar. 22, 1752. 

Pearson.— (33) Eunice, adm. June. 23, 1728; (369) Esther, bap. 
Sept. 7, 1735. 

Peat.— (109) Mercy, bap. Sept. 18, 1726; (295) Susannah, bap. 
Feb. 25, 1732-3 ; (228) Abigail, bap. April 11, 1731. 

Peckar — Pecker.** — (6) Daniell, original member. May 23, 1722 ; 
(34) James, bap. Mar. 1, 1723-4 ; (69) James,'' adm. Aug. 19, 1733 ; 
(134) John, by Dr. Mather, bap. Sept. 17, 1727 ; (233) Bartholomew," 
bap. June 20, 1731 ; (303) Mary,- bap. Aug. 19, 1733 ; (155) Daniel, 
Junr.,'' adm. Jan. 4, 1746-7 ; (158) Elisabeth, dismiss^ from y* Second 
Church of Christ in Ipswich, June 21, 1747 ; (752) Sarah,' bap. Oct. 
2,1748; (792) Daniel,' bap. June 3, 1750; (843) James,' bap. Mar. 
16, 1752. 

Peirce' — Peirse,^ &c. — (5) Moses, original member, May 23, 1722; 
(44) Thomas, bap. July 26, 1724; (71) Hannah, of Hannah Peirse, 
bap. June 6, 1725; (81) Ann, bap. Sept. 26,1725; (122) John,' 
bap. Mar. 5, 1726-27 ; (157) Edward,' bap. Oct. 13, 1728 ; (328) Ed- 
ward, bap. April 28, 1734 ; (200) Elisabeth,' bap. April 5, 1730. 

Pell.— (20) William, adm. Mar. 5, 1722-3; (24) Edward, adm. 
Mar. 22, 1723 ; (125) William, bap. April 2, 1727 ; (158) John, bap. 
Oct. 20, 1728 ; (198) Abigail, p. Mr. Sewal, bap. Mar. 1, 1729-30 ; 
(202) Samuel, bap. April 26, 1730 ; (250) William, bap. Nov. 7, 1731 ; 
(283) Robert, bap. Dec. 10, 1732; (74) Edward, Junr., adm. Feb. 3, 
1733-4. 
Pemberton.— (162) Thomas, bap. Nov. 10, 1728. 
Perkins.— (409) WiUiam-Lee, bap. Feb. 13, 1736-7 ; (442) Abigail, 
bap. April 2, 1738 ; (485) John, p. Mr. Gray, bap. July 8, 1739 ; 
(648) »aac, bap. Sept. 6, 1741 ; (62^) Thomas, bap. Feb. 26, 1743-4 ; 
(736) Anna, bap. April 24, 1748 ; (221) Anna, adm. May 18, 1766. 



Phillips.— (32) Ann, bap. Jan. 12, 1723-i ; (94) William and (95) 
Zechariah, twins, bap. Mar. 20, 1725-6; (144) Alexander, by Mr. 
Colman, bap. Feb. 11, 1727-8 ; (220) Samuell, bap. Jan. 24, 1730-1 
(296) John, bap. Mar. 11, 1732-3 ; (342) Sarah, bap. Nov. 10, 1734 
(417) Samuel, bap. May 29, 1737 ; (749) William, bap. Aug. 14, 1748 . 
(793) Nathaniel, bap. June 3, 1750 ; (855) Sarah, bap. Aug. 30, 
1762 ; (112) Nathaniel, adm. Sept. 7, 1740. 

Phipps.— (134) Abigail, adm. Feb. 7, 1741-2. 

PicKMAN.— (131) Joshua, adm. Feb. 7, 1741-2. 

PiDOKON.— (177) Walter, adm. Jan. 4, 1766. 



1865.] Earl of Bellonumt. 235 

Pitts.— (39) Mary, adm. Oct. 20, 1728. 

Poke*— PooKE.»'—( 1021) Jernsha,* bap. Jan. 18, 1767; (1059) 
Thomas, bap. Feb. 26, 1769 ; (1084) Marianna, bap. June 30, 1771 ; 
(1105) Samuel, bap. Dec. 13, 1772. 

Pbichard* — Pritchard.*' — (46) William,^ owned cov. Mar. 20, 
1742-3; (595) John,»> bap. Mar. 20, 1742-3; (618) Eleazer,»» bap. 
Jan. I, 1743-4; (682) Samuel,* bap. Oct. 27, 1745; (733) Joseph," 
bap. Mar. 6, 1747-8 ; (832) Thomas,' bap. Sept. 1, 1751 ; (860) 
Elisabeth,* bap. Dec. 31, 1762 ; (903) Hancock,' son of Mr. P., bap. 
May 13, 1759. 

QuiNSEY.— (936) Jacob, bap. June 21, 1761 ; (964) Elizabeth, bap. 
Feb. 6, 1763; (1004) Mary, bap. Dec. 15, 1765; (1041) Abraham, 
bap. Nov. 13, 1767 ; (1063) John Williams, bap. Mar. 12, 1769 ; 
(1080) Samuel Marverick, bap. Jan. 27, 1771. 

Ray*— Rea.^— (771) Uriel, p. Mr. Cooper, bap. June 11, 1749; 
(849) Anne, bap. May 10, 1752 ; (879) Ann, by Mr. Checkley, Jr., 
bap. Feb. 3, 1754. 

Revere, &c.— (12) Deborah, owned cov. Feb. 6, 1731-2; (259) 
Deborah, bap. Feb. 27, 1731-2; (347) Paul, bap. Dec. 22,1734; 
(397) Frances, bap. July 18, 1736 ; (455) Thomas, bap. Aug. 27, 
1738 ; (500) Thomas, bap. Jan. 13, 1739-40 ; (551) John, bap. Oct. 
11, 1741 ; (602) Mary, (603) Elisabeth, twins, bap. July 17, 1743 ; 
(655) Elisabeth, bap. Jan. 20, 1744-5; (911) Paul, bap. Jan. 13, 
1760; (947) Sarah, bap. Jan. 3, 1762; (980) Mary, bap. April 1, 
1764 ; (1010) Francis, bap. Feb. 23, 1766 ; (1031) John Revear, bap. 
May 10, 1767 ; (1050) Edward, bap. Oct. 28, 1768; (1081) Anna, 
bap. March, 1771 ; (1111) Hannah, bap. April 18, 1773. 

[To be contbraed.] 



EARL OF BELLOMONT. 

[Commanicated by Jeremiah Colburn.] 

Bellomont (Richard Coote), first Earl of, and second Baron of 
Coloony, in the County of Sligo, was born in 1636. He was created 
Earl of Bellomont by Queen Mary, and was appointed Governor of 
New York, Massachusetts and New Hampshire ; he arrived in New 
York on the 2d of April, 1698. After a residence of one year at New 
York he came to Boston, where he arrived in May, 1699, and was 
received with the greatest respect by all classes of the people. A 
large body of troops and a vast assemblage of the inhabitants met 
''his lordship and countess,'' on his arrival. ** There were all man- 
ner of expressions of joy, and, to end all, firework and good drink at 
night." In return the Governor took every method to ingratiate him- 
self with the people ; he was condescending, affable, and courteous 
upon all occasions. Though a member of the Church of England, he 
regularly attended the weekly lecture in Boston, with the General 
Court, who always adjourned for that purpose. During his adminis- 
tration the celebrated Captain Kidd was seized and carried to Eng- 
land to be tried for piracy. In May, 1700, ho returned to New York, 
where he died on the 5th of March, 1701. His political position in^ 



236 Earl o/Bellonumt. [July, 

the Province of New York, during his administration of affairs in that 
Province, was the subject of much violent agitation and caused him 
much disquietude. 

The body of the Earl lies in St. Paul's Church yard, in New York. 

The following letter from the original, written by the Governor in 
relation to the affairs of Harvard College, is of much interest : — 

Albany, the Uth Aug: 1700. 
Sib: 

Before I received the favour of your Letter of the 5th inst., I In- 
quired after Mr. Holman, calling to mind the request you formerly 
made me on his account. 'Tis in vain to promise you preferment for 
him, because that these companies being ill paid, or rather not paid 
at all, the officers as well as the Souldiers are destitute and in a mis- 
erable condition, therefore I conclude the kindest course I can take is 
to send Mr. Holman to Boston to his friends w'h I will do by Capt. 
Crow. 

You may depend on it, I will Indeavour with all the power and 
Interest I have, to obtain the CoUedge Charter * w'th the very same 
clauses and under the same restrictions and limitations agreed on by 
the Gen'" Assembly, only I confesse I have been almost under the 
temptation of rccomending Mr. Brattle the Minister of Cambridge 
and Mr. Pemberton (both men of unspotted lives and good Scholars) 
to be made Fellows in the room of two others that stand in the list ; 
and that, because I conceive those two Gentlemen were left out by 
Mr. Mather' sf means, and to gratifle a personal prejudice he has 
against 'em : to be short, to preach moderation, and not to practice 
it one's selfe is not to do the part of a good Christian. The Last text 
I heard young Mr. M#her preach on was that of St. Paul, Let your 
moderation be known unto all men. 

Let me know your free Sentiments in this matter, whether it be 
best to humour Mr. Mather's Selfishnesse and pedantick pride, or to do 
right to the vertue, Learning and merit of Mr. Brattle and Mr. Pem- 
berton. I have a great opinion of your moderation and vertue, and 
your judgement in this matter will weigh much w'th 

Your affectionate humble Serv't, 
Capt. Sewall.J Bellomont. 

Indorsed in Judge Sewall's hand writing — 

** Lord Bellomont, Rec'd Augt. 26, 1700. 

Answered Sept' 2, 1700." 



• Governor Bellomont ha<i objected to the former bill inox)rT>orating the College, for the 
reason that one clause therein stated " that none should be President or Fellow of said 
Corporation, but such as declare themselves, and continue to l)e, as to theb: persuasion in 
matters of religion, such as arc known by the name of Congregationalist, or Presbyterian." 
— Cited in History of Harvard University ^ Vol. i. page 100. 

t Increase Mather, President of the College ; Mr. Brattle had opposed the Witchcraft 
delusion, which President Mather had countenanced, and of which Cotton Mather, his son. 
was either the chief cause or the dupe. 

X Judge Samuel Sewall, to whom the letter is addressed with William Stoughton, Elisha 
Cooke, and " the Secretary, were nominated and appointed to acquaint the House of Repre- 
sentatives, that His Excellency could not consent to the said bill, with the aforesaid clause 
therein, and that he rather advised to address his Majesty for a royal Charter of incorpora- 
tion."— G«i«ra/ Court Recordi, Cited in Qoincy's Hittory of Uarvard University, VoL i. 
^ page 100. ^ jr , y, 



1865.] Items from an Interleaved Almanac. 237 



ITEMS FROM AN INTERLEAVED COPY OF AMES'S ALMA- 
NAC FOR 1746, BELONGING TO REV. JOHN CUSIIING. 

[The Almanac donated to the N. E. Ilifltoric-Gcnealoglcal Society by Henky Phillips, Jr., 

of FhiladclphiaTl 

[Rev. John Cushing, minister of Boxford, Mass., son of Rev. Caleb 
Gushing, of Salisbury, Mass., was bom in Salisbury April 10, 1709, 
graduated at Harvard College 1729, was ordained the first minister of 
the second church in Boxford, Dec. 29, 1736, and died Jan. 25, 1772, 
aged 62. He was the fourth in descent from Matthew, who came 
from Hingham, England, to Hingham, Mass. (the son of Peter, bom in 
1688), m. Aug. 6, 1613, Nazareth Pitcher, and had children, among 
them, Johci,' born at old Hingham in 1627, came with his parents 
to this country in 1638, and m. at Hingham in 1667, Sarah, dau. of 
Matthew Hawks, and removed to Scituatc soon after, where Caleb* 
was bom Jan. 6, 1672-3, grad. H. C. 1692, ordained at Salisbury, 
Nov. 9, 1698, m. March 14th following, Elizabeth, dau. of Rev. John 
Cotton, of Plymouth, widow of Rev. James AUin, the predecessor of 
Mr. Cushing at Salisbury. Rev. Caleb* Cushing had three sons : Ca- 
lebs—James,* grad. H. 0. 1725, minister of Plaistow — John,* the minis- 
ter of Boxford. This almanac is probably one of a series of inter- 
leaved almanacs belonging to Rev. Mr. Cushing, as it is numbered by 
him No. 13, with his autograph.] 

Jemima Eams Died, ^t. 22. 

[Sunday.] Sacrament 63*. 

[Wednesday] Preached Mr. Rogers's Lecture, (a^ 

[Wednesday] Lecture Preach'd by Mr. Barnard, (b) 

Haverhill. 
Jonathan Kimball Died. 
Moses Porter, a child Dead Bom, 
Changed with Mr. En. Bailey, (c) Ipswich Farms. 
Capt: Tyler's Wife Died ^t. 69. 
Lecture Preach'd by Mr. Parsons, (d) 
Sacrament 54th, Mr. Osgood (e) of Stoneham Died 

Suddenly of Apoplexy. 
Preach'd Mr. Tucker's (f ) Lecture, Newbury. 
Preach'd at Mr. Parsons's, he at Mr. Balch's (g) and 
Mr. Balch here. 
" 13. Publick Fast — had y* sooner on ace* of y* Rebellion in 

Scotland and England. 
" 19. [Wednesday.] Lecture Prcach'd by Mr. Barnard; (h) 

Andover. 
" 21. Deac" Dav. Foster's wife Died ^t. 61. 
" 31. Dan" Wood Died, ^t. 41. 
April 6. Mr. Tim*. Brown (i) Preach'd half y* Day for me. 
" 16. Lecture Preach'd by Mr. Cotton (j) Hampton. 
" 20. Chang'd with Mr. Parsons, (k) Bradford. 
" 24. Sam" Sessions, jun', Died. \ 



Jan. 


. 3. 


tt 


5. 


it 


8. 


it 


15. 


it 


22. , 


<< 


24. : 


Feb 


. 2. 


H 


11. 


it 


19. 


March 2. 


H 


5. 


ti 


9. 



238 Items from an Interleaved Almanac. [J^Ji 

May 4. Sacrament 55th. May 6, Jonathan Sherwin Died -^t. 43. 

" 7. Planted Corn. 

'' n. Bought Cow of Jon*. Wood. Planted Potatoes. 

" 18. Mr. Tim^ Brown Preach'd for me all Day. 

" 21. Lecture, Preached my Selfe. 

" 28. Gen" Election Preached by Mr. Barnard, Andovcr. 

" 29. Catechising at y* Wid°. Wood's. Convention [Sermon] 
Preach'd by Mr. Gray, H) of Hingham. 
June 1. Chang'd with Mr. Barnara, Andover. 

" 2. Artillery Election, PreachM by Mr. Nat" Walter, (m) 

" 6. [Friday.] Preach'd Private meeting. Fast at N. Eams's. 

" 8. Preach'd at Mr. Parsons's, he at Mr. Balch's, and he, here. 

" 10. Minister's Meeting at Mr. Barnard's, Andover, in Mr. 
Bayley's Turn. 

" 18. Lecture Preach'd by Mr. Tucker, Newbury. 

" 29. Mr. John Chandler (n) preached all day for me. 

" 30. We went to Boston. 
July 6. Changed with Mr. Barnard, Andover. 

" 10. Publick Past on ace' of y* Expedition to Canada — my 
Father preach' d for me, and I went to Salisbury. 

" 13. Sacrament 56, it being omitted y" Last Sabbath by rea- 
son of my Journey to Boston. 

" n. Reap'd Rye and Wheat. July 18. Sowed Winter Rye. 

" 31. Preach'd Mr. Barnard's Lecture, Haverhill. 
Aug. 2. Earthquake heard and felt, ab' Sunrise. 

" 10. Chang'd with Mr. Parsons, Bradford. 

" 12. Jon*. Kimball Died ^t. 23, y* Last of a whole family— 
y* Parents and 8 children all gone. 

" 14. Publick Thanksgiving for y" Duke of Cumberland's Vic- 
tory over y* Rebels in Scotland. 

" 20. Lecture, Preach'd by Mr. Barnard, Andover. 
Sept. 3. Preach'd Mr. Sargent's (o) Lecture, Methuen. 

" T. Sacrament 67th. 

** 10. Preach'd Mr. Rogers's Lecture— Boxford. 

" 14. Chang'd with Mr. Balch, Bradford. 

" 1*?. Lecture, Preach'd my Self. 

" 19. The wid° Fisk Died, ^t. 47. 

" 21. Mr. Ephr«». Foster Died, ^t. 89. 

" 28. Chang'd with Mr. Tucker, Newbury. 

" 30. Sarah Sherwin Died, -^t. 16. We went to Boston. 
Oct. 5. Preached at Andov' Mr. Barnard at Wilmington, and 
Mr. Morrill (p) for me. 

" 7. The wid° Mary Cole Died, JSt. 78. 

** 16. Public Fast for y Defeat of y« French Fleet by vj^ we 
are threatned ; for y* preserva"* of Nova Sdfotia and 
Cape Breton, and all y* Colonies of North America, 
Inland frontiers from Ind", &c. — y* Fleet wonderfully 
Defeated by Providence, as we heard afterwards. 

" 18. Snow 10 or 12 Inches Deep. 

" 19. Chang'd with Mr. Parsons, Bradford. 

" 27. Beef of Josiah Osgood. 

" 28. Private fast with old Mr. Rich** Kimbal's Wife at Box- 
ford, Mr. Rogers and I preached. 



1865.] Items jrom an Interleaved Almanac. 239 

Nov. 2. Sacrament 58th. 

" 6. Preach'd Mr. Parsons's Lecture, Boxford. 

*' 9. Tim«. Parker's Child Died in a fit— 8 months old. 

" 16. Changed with Mr. Balch, Bradford. 

" 19. Lecture, Preached to Eleven Persons only — a Severe 
Storm of Snow. 

"27. Publick Thanksgiving. 

" 30. Preach'd at Mr. Phillips's, (q) he at Mr. Barnard's and 
Mr. Barnard for me. 
Dec. 3. Preach'd Mr. Balch's Lecture. 

" 7. Changed with Mr. Parsons, Bradford. 

Notes. 

(a) Rev. John Rogers, minister of Boxford, first church, was sue- 
cesser to the Rev. Thomas Symmes, the first minister of that church, 
which was formed in 1702. He was born in Salem, it is supposed, 
about 1683, grad. H. C. 1705, settled at Boxford 1709. Rev. Mr. 
Felt, in his article on the " Churches and Ministers in Essex County," 
in the Am^rixian Quarterly Register , vii. 256, says — " Mr. Rogers went 
to reside with his son, minister of Leominster, about 1743, and there 
died." It appears by these memoranda, that Mr. Cushing preached 
Mr. Rogers's Lecture in Boxford, as late as Sept. 10, 1746. Allen 
says, he " died in 1755, aged about 72." 

(b) Edward Barnard, minister of Haverhill, was bom in Andover, 
Juno 15, 1720, grad. II. C. 1736, was settled at Haverhill April 27, 
1743, as successor to Rev. John Brown, died Jan. 26, 1774, and was 
succeeded by Rev. John Shaw. Rev. Edward Barnard Was a brother 
to the Rev. Thomas Barnard, of Salem, son of Rev. John Barnard of 
Andover (grad. H. C. 1709), grandson of Rev. Thomas Barnard (H. 
C. 1679), third minister of Andover, and great-grandson of Francis 
Barnard, of Hadley, born about 1617, who died Feb. 3, 1698, a. 81. 
See History of Hadley, by Judd and Boltwood, page 450. 

{cY This was probably Enoch Bailey, brother to Rev. Abner Bailey, 
of Newbury (H. C. 1736), who was ordained at Salem, N. H., Jan. 30, 
1740. Enoch was bom in Newbury, Sept. 20, 1719, grad. H. C. 1742. 
" After preaching some time," says Coffin, " he entered the army as 
Chaplain, and died at Albany, in Aug. 1757, aged 38." 

(d) There were three ministers by the i\ame of Parsons in Essex 
County, who were cotemporary, viz. : Joseph of Bradford, Jonathan 
of Newburyport, and Moses of Byfield. Rev. David Parsons, the 
first minister of Amherst, Mass., and Rev. Samuel Parsons, the second 
minister of Rye, N. H., were also living in 1746. 

(e) Rev. James Osgood, first pastor of the first church in Stone- 
ham, grad. H. C. 1724, was ordained Sept. 10th, 1729, died in 1745. 
After the death of Mr. Osgood, his widow married Capt. Ralph Hart, 
of Boston. She died in Stoneham, Aug. 11, 1801, at the age of 83. 
Dean's History of Stoneham, page 28. 

(f) Rev. John Tucker, D.D., fifth minister of Newbury, son of 
Benjamin and Alice (Davis) Tucker, was bom at Amherst, Sept. 19, 
1719, grad. H. 0. 1741, was ordained colleague pastor with the Rev. 
Christopher Toppan, Nov. 20, 1745. He m. Sarah, dau. of Rev. John 
Barnard of Andover, by whom he had eleven children, four sons and 
seven daughters. He died March 22, 1792, a. 72. 



240 Items from an Interleaved Almanac. [J^7; 

(g) Rev. William Balch, first minister of the second church in 
Bradford, son of Freeborn and Elizabeth (Fairfield) Balch, was born 
at Beverly, in 1704, graduated H. C. 1724. He was a descendant in 
the fourth generation from John Balch, one of the " old planters " at 
Salem, who died in 1648. Benjamin,* son of John Balch, was the 
father of Freeborn.^ The latter, by his second wife Elizabeth, had 
several children, among them Rev. William.* Rev. William Balch 
was ordained at Bradford, June 7, 1728, m. about the same time, 
Rebecca Stone, of Beverly ; died Jan. 12, 1792, leaving seven chil- 
dren, four sons and three daughters. See a history of the Balch 
family in the Register, ix. 233. 

(h) Rev. John Barnard was born in Andover Feb. 26, 1691. He 
was the fourth minister of Andover, ordained April 8, 1719, succeeding 
his father. Rev. Thomas Barnard, who died Oct. 13, 1718. His sons, 
Edward and Thomas,* as before mentioned, were ministers of Haver- 
hill and Salem. He died Juno 14, 1758, a. 67. 

(i) Was this the Timothy Brown who graduated at Harvard Col- 
lege in 1729, who was ordained at little Compton, R. I., May 2, 1753, 
the date of whose death remains blank in the college catalogue ? 

(j) Rev. Ward Cotton, a great-grandson of Rev. John Cotton, of 
Boston, was born at Sandwich, Mass., 1711 or 1712. His father was 
Rev. Roland Cotton, his grandfather Rev. John Cotton, of Plymouth, 
a brother of Rev. Seaborn Cotton, of Hampton, and son of Rev. John 
Cotton, of Boston. John, brother of Ward Cotton, grad. at Harvard 
College in 1710, and was minister at Newton, Mass. ; Nathaniel, 
another brother, grad. H. C. 1717, pastor of a church at Bristol, R. 
I. ; Josiah, a third brother, grad. H. C. 1722, was minister at Provi- 
dence, R. I., Woburn, Mass., and afterwards at Sandown, N. H. Ward 
Cotton grad. H. C. 1729, was ordained at Hampton, N. H., June 19, 
1734, his brother, Rev. John Cotton, of Newton, preached the sermon, 
and Rev. Caleb Cushing, of Salisbury, gave the charge. He m. Joan- 
na Rand, of Boston, was dismissed from his church at Hampton, Nov. 
12, 1765, removed to Plymouth, Mass., where he died Nov. 27, 1768. 
His widow m. Jonathan Gilman, of Exeter. See Register, i. 164, 322, 
328. 

(k) Rev. Joseph Parsons, third minister of the first church in 
Bradford, was a native of Brookfield, grad. H. C. 1720, was ordained 
June 8, 1726, died May 4, 1765. 

(1) Rev. Ebenezer Gay, D.D., youngest son of Nathaniel and 
Lydia (Lusher) Gay, was born in Dedliam, Mass., Aug. 15, 1696. He 
was a grandson of John and Joanna Gay, who early removed from 
Watertown to Dedham. Ebenezer grad. at II. C. 1714, was ordained 
at Hingham 1718, m. Nov. 3, 1719, Jerusha, dau. of Samuel Brad- 
ford, of Duxbiiry, the son of Major William Bradford, and the grand- 
son of Gov. Bradford. Mrs. Gay died Aug. 19, 1783, a. 85 years. They 
had five sons and six daughters. Samuel, the eldest son, grad. H. C. 
1740. Mr. Gay died March 18, 1787, aged 90, in the 69th year of his 
ministry. He published several of his sermons, but the one that has 
given him the greatest notoriety was preached on his eighty-fifth birth 
day, August 15, 1781, from the text — ** I am this day four score and 
five years old.'' The discourse was entitled '* The Old Man's Calen- 
dar." Several editions of it were printed in this country. It has 
also been reprinted in England, and translated into the Dutch Ian- 



1865.] Records of Wethersfield, Conn. 241 

gaage and printed in Holland. The present church edifice in Hing- 
ham was erected in 1681 — 184 years ago — during the ministry of Rev. 
John Norton, the predecessor of Rev. Dr. Gay. Rev. Joseph Rich- 
ardson, the present senior minister, has nearly reached the 60th year 
of his pastorate, having been ordained July 2, 1806. See Sprague's 
Annals of the American Pulpit, vol. viii. pages 1 — 7. 

(m) Rev. Nathaniel Walter, minister of the second church in Rox- 
bury, son of Rev. Nehemiah and Sarah (Mather) Walter, was bom 
Aug. 16, 1711, grad. H. 0. 1729, ord. at Roxbury July 10, 1734, m. 
April 24, 1786, Rebecca, dan. of Wm. Abbott of Brookline, and had 
two sons and three daughters. One of the sons was Rev. William 
Walter, D.D., grad. H. 0. 1756, minister at Trinity Church and at 
Christ Church in Boston. Rev. Nathaniel Walter died March 11, 
1776. See pedigree of the Walter family, Register , viii. 209. 

Stt) Rev. John Chandler, minister of Billerica, was the youngest 
d of Thomas' and Mary (Stevens) Chandler, and was born in 
Andover in 1723, grad. H. 0. 1743, was ordained at Billerica Oct. 21, 
1747, removed June 5, 1760, died Nov. 10, 1762. Abbot's History rf 
Andover, page 133. Thomas' Chandler, father of Rev. John,* was 
son of William' and Mary (Dane) Chandler (dau. of John Dane of 
Ipswich), and was bom in Andover Dec. 5, 1676. William' Chand- 
ler, son of William, of Roxbury, was born in England in 1636, the year 
before his parents came to this country. They arrived in 1637, bring- 
ing four children with them. 

(o) Rev. Christopher Sargent, first minister of the first church in 
Methuen, was a native of Amesbury, Mass., grad. H. C. 1725, ordained 
Nov. 5, 1729, died March 20, 1790, a. 84. 

(p) Rev. Isaac Morrill, second minister of the first church in 
Wilmington, Mass., was born in Salisbury, Mass., May 20, 1718, grad. 
H. C. 1737, was ordained May 20, 1741, died Aug. 17, 1793, a. 76, 
having been a faithful pastor 52 years. He preached the Dudleian 
Lecture in 1776, and the Convention Sermon in 1778 ; and published 
a sermon addressed to Capt. Osgood and his company, 1755. 

(q) Rev. Samuel Phillips, first minister of the second church in An- 
dover, the eldest child of Samuel and Mary (Emerson) Phillips, grand- 
son of Rev. Samuel and Sarah (Appleton) Phillips, of Rowley, was 
bom in Salem, Feb. 17, 1690, and grad. H. C. 1708. He m. Hannah 
White of Haverhill, Jan. 7, 1712. She died Jan. 11, 1773, in the 82d 
year of her age. They had five children — three sons and two daugh- 
ters. Samuel, the eldest son, grad. H. C. 1734 ; the second son, 
John, grad. H. C. 1736. 



RECORDS OF WETHERSFIELD, CONN. 

[Ck>mmanicated by Hon. Rotal R. Hinman, A.M., of l^ew York. 

(Continued from Vol. xriii. page 226.] 

KiLBORN, Ebenezer, and Eunice, d. of Th**. Hale, of Glausscnburyf 
were m. Jan. 28, 1718. Is. Eunice, b. Feb. 10, '19 ; Timothy. Aug. 
28, '23 ; Mary, Mar. 4, '25 ; Anna, June 20, '28 ; Happy, June 17, 1780. 

Kilbom, Timothy, and Prudence Doming, were m. Aug. 15, 1751* 
Vol. XIX. 21 



242 Records of Wethersfidd, Cmn. [July, 

Is. Timothy, b. May 9, '52 ; Seth, Oct. 2T, '54 ; Happy, Aug. 26, 
'57 ; Simon, Nov. 23, '59 ; Abigail, Sept. 16, 1764. 

Kilborn, George, and Rebecca Belding, were m. Nov. 1, 1763. Is. 
Abigail, b. July 2, '54. M". R. K. d. . . G. K. and Abigail Pierpont 
were m. Nov. 10, '63. Is. Rebecca, July 23, '64 ; George, July 18, 
'66; Mary, Feb. 5, ^7 ; Rebecca, Aug. 23, '68; Joshua, Aug. 1, 
'70 ; Martha, April 3, '72 ; Jonathan, Nov. 12, 1777. Mr. G. K. d. 
Feb. 7, 1777. 

Kilbom, Pelatiah, and Abigail Beeroft, were m. 1746. 

Killsey (Kelsey) Marke. Is. of by Rebeck his wife, Thomas, b. 
Oct. 16, 1663. 

Kellsey, Stephen, and Dorothy Bronson, were m. Jan. 11, 1700. 
Is. Stephen, b. Oct. 18, '00 ; Jonathan, Oct. 7, '02 ; Dorothy, Feb. 28, 
'04 ; Ebenezer, Mar. 3, '06 ; Easter, Aug. 10, '07 ; Danioll, May 10, 
'09, and d. Nov. 12, '32 ; Sarah, Feb. 20, '11 ; Eunice, Sept. 20, '12 ; 
Abigail, Sept. 8, '14 ; Timothy, July 7, '16 ; Samuel, July 8, 1718. 

Kelsey, John, and Mary, d. of Ezekiell Buck, were m. Nov. 23, 
1704. Is. Mary, b. Sept. 14, '05 ; John, Nov. 22, '06 ; Hannah, Jan. 
6, '08 ; James, Nov. 16, '09 ; Charles, Sept. 16, '11 ; Ezekiell, Jan. 

26, '13 ; Rachell, Aug. 21, '14 ; Comfort, Feb. 27, '16 ; Enoch, Aug. 

27, '17 ; Esther, May 22, '25 ; Ruth, Dec. 6, 1727. 

Kelsey, James, and Eunice Andruss, were m. Nov. 10, 1737. Is. 
Joseph, b. Aug. 28, 1738. 

Kellsey, Timothy, and Eunice Barnes, were m. July 30, 1741. Is. 
Elizabeth, b. Sept. 27, '42. T. K. d. Aug. 1, 1745. 

Kelsey, Charles, and Mabel Andrus, were m. Mar. 4, 1742. Is. Rho- 
da, b. Nov. 20, '42 ; Charles, April 6, '45 ; Asa, Mar. 22, '47 ; Moses, 
Mar. 22; '51 ; Lois, Dec. 29, '53 ; Ira, Mar. 2, '57 ; Huldah, Jan. 30, 
1760. Moses, Ira and Rhoda d. Sept. 5, 10, and Oct. 21, 1776. 

Kelsey, Ezekiel, and Sarah Allis, were m. Jan. 13, 1743. Is. Asahel, 
b. Oct. 30, '43 ; Israel, Nov. 20, '45 ; Ezekiel, Dec. 22, '47 ; Mary, 
Dec. 30, '49 ; Sarah, Aug. 2, '52 ; Patience, Aug. 23, 1756. 

Kellsey, Enoch, and Mary Bidwell, were m. Aug. 30, 1744. Is. 
Mary, b. May 12, '45 ; John, Nov. 2, '45 ; William, Feb. 21, '48 ; 
Hannah, Aug. 14, '51 ; Enoch, April 5, '53 ; Lucy, Jan. 16, '66 ; 
Elizabeth, Mar. 5, '56 ; Eunice, Aug. 22, '57 ; Anne, Feb. 20, '69 ; 
David, June 26, '60 ; Uepzibah, April 13, '62 ; Stephen, May 28, 
1764. 

Kelsey, Israel, and Mary Sanburn, were m. Dec: 29, 1768. Is. 
Mary, b. April 21, '70 ; Israel, Sept. 5, 1771. 

Kelsey, Charles, J'. Is. of by Hannah his wife, Moses, b. Sept. 3, 
1778 ; Abel, Dec. 27, 1781. 

Kimberly, Eleazer. Is. of by Ruth his wife, Thomas, b. Sept. 29, 
1681 ; Mary, Oct. 29, '83. M". K. d. Dec. 29, 1683. 

Kirkom, Thomas, and Jane his wife were m. Mar. 24, 1684. Is. 
Buth, b. Jan. 28, 1684. 

Kircum, Heniy, and Martha, d. of Saml. Burr, of Hartford, were 
m. Dec. 21, 1719. Is. Samuel, b. Jan. 1, '21 ; Elijah, Nov. 24, '22 ; 
Sarah, Feb. 15, '26; Henry, Aug. 30, '28; Nathaniel, Dec. 11, 
1730. 

Kellogg, Martyn, and Dorothy, d. of Stephen Chester, J', were m. 
Jan. 13, 1716. Is. Dorothy, b. Dec. 24, '16 ; Martyn, Aug. 2, '18 ; 
Anna, Feb. 19, '20 ; Jemima, Aug. 24, '23 ; Mary, Oct. 19, '25 ; 



1865.] Records of Wethersjield, Conn. 243 

Sarah, Aug. 22, '2T ; Stephen Chester, Sept. 24, '29 ; Joseph, Oct. 
9, '36. Capt. K. d. Nov. 13, '63, and M". K. Sept. 26, 1764. 

Kellogg, Martin, J'., and Mary Bordman, were m. July 1, 1742. 
Is. Mary, b. April 18, '43 ; Martin, July 18, '46 ; Anne, April 16, 
'49 ; Eleanor, Mar. 10, '66 ; Jemima, Aug., 1767. 

Kellogg, Stephen 0., and Elizabeth Russel, were ra. Nov. 9, 1749. 
Is. Sarah, b. Dec. 18, '60 ; Elizabeth, July 7, '62 ; Chester, April 29, 
'66 ; Stephen, April 7, 1768. 

Kellogg, Martin, J'., and Hannah Robbins, were m. Feb. 4, 1773. 
Is. Hannah, b. Jan. 17, '74 ; Mary, May 26, '76 ; Jemima, Dec. 20, 
'78 ; Martin, July 24, '81 ; Laura, Nov. 6, '83 ; Prudence, Dec. 27, 
'90 ; Leela, Dec. 24, 1798. 

Kilbey, Ebenezer. .Is. of by Bathsheba his wife, Thomas, b. July 
8, 1738 ; Elizabeth, Feb. 11, '40 ; Richard, Sept. 24, '42 ; Katharine, 
July 31, '44; Christopher Allen, Mar. 21, '48; Thankful, Dec. 29, 
'49 ; Mary, Sept. 17, '62 ; Rebecca, Feb. 26, 1766. 

Kilbey, Wm. and Wid. Dorothy Doming, were m. Mar. 23, 1768. 
Is. Rebecca, Dec. 11, '68 ; John, Nov. 8, '60 ; Hannah, Mar. I, '64; 
Sarah, Oct. 9, '67 ; William, Oct. 1, '69 ; Allen, Dec. 26, 1771. 

Kilbey, Ebenezer, J'., and Jerusha Dix, were m. Nov. 6, 1761. Is. 
Abigail, b. July 28, '62 ; Jerusha, Mar. 9, '64 ; Ebenezer, Oct. 22, 
'66, and d. Nov. 20, '67 ; Huldah, Jan. 4, '70 ; Allen, Aug. 16, '72 ; 
Ebenezer, May 21, '76. M'. E. K. d. Nov. 30, 1776. 

Kilbey, Thomas, and Hannah Crane, were m. . . . Is. Salomi, b. 
Mar. 7, 1766 ; Thomas, Jan. 16, '68 ; Rhoda, April 13, '70 ; Hope, 
Mar. 24, '73 ; Samuel, May 6, 1778. 

Lilley, John. Is. of by Ruth his wife, Ruth, b. Feb. 16, 1647 ; 
Hanah, May 18. 

Lattamore, John. Is. of by Ann his wife, Rebeckah, b. Oct. 6, 
1646 ; Naomy, April 4, '48 ; Bygaah, Aug. 6, '49. John, Jan. 4, 
'61 ; Lesheba, Dec. 26, '62 ; Jonathan, Aug. 6, '66 ; Bezeleel, July 
26, 1667. 

Lattimer, Besseliall, and Saint, d: of Thomas Robinson, were m. 
Aug. 18, 1680. Is. Jonathan, b. Sept. 24, 1681,and d. Nov. 27, 1711. 

Lattimer, John, and Mary his wife, were m. April 29, 1680. Is. 
Ann, b. Feb. 24, '81 ; Mary, Jan. 24, '83 ; John, Feb. 2, '86 ; Lemu- 
ell, Nov. 2, '86 ; Bezeliel, Oct. 28, '89 ; Luther, May 22; 1692. 
M". M. L. d. Mar. 3, 1727. 

Lattimer, Luther, and Elizabeth his wife, were m. April 18, 1712. 
Is. John, b. Jan. 24, 1713 ; Elisha, Sept. 11, '14; William, Feb. 6, 
'16 ; Elizabeth, Aug. 29, '17 ; Mary, Aug. 7, '19 ; Wickham, Dec. 
16, 1720. 

Latimer, Bezaliel, and Sibell, d. of John Goodrich, were m. Nov. 

18, 1718. Is. Abigail, b. Aug. 23, '20 ; Samuell, April 10, '22 ; Solo- 
mon, June 19, '24, and d. Nov. 6, '26 ; Mary, May 20, '26, and d. 
July 10, '27 ; Solomon, Mar. 1, '28 ; Bezaleel, April 28, '30 ; John, 
May 5, '34 ; Hezekiah, May 6, 1736. 

Lattimer, John, and Anna Grimes, were m. Feb. 23, 1738. Is. 
William, b. Mar. 4, '39, and d. Jan. '41 ; Anna, Aug. 14, '40 ; Bildad, 
Dec. 13, '43 ; Rhoda, Oct. 26, '46 ; Keturah, Nov. 22, '48 ; Josiah, 
July 7, '61, and d. in Sept. ; Rebecca, Dec. 12, '64; Oliver, Sept. 

19, '58 ; Josiah, Jan. 20, 1763. Mr. J. L. d. Jan. 24, '92, and Mrs. 
L. Jan. 14, 1797. 



244 The Common Lands in Lunenburg^ Mass. [Jaly* 



THE COMMON LANDS IN LUNENBURG, MASS— 1731. 

[Communicated by Charles Woolley, of Waltham.] 

At a meeting Legally wani'd, the prop" of the Common and undi- 
vided lands within the town of Lunenburg, being next on Eleventh of 
May anno Domini 1731. 

1. Voted and chose Capt. Josiah Willard, Moderator. 

2. Voted and Granted to the Hon"* William Taylor, Col. Sam\ 
Thaxter, Co" Francis Fullam, Esq'., and Cap*. John Sheple, Eight 
hundred acres of land in y* Southwest comer of S** township, all in 
one entire peace, as a Gratuity for their former Good services, pursu- 
ant to a former vote made at Groton, March 16, 1725-6. 

3. Voted and ordered that the prop" above mentioned of the 
Eight hundred acres of land in y* Southwest Corner of Said Town- 
ship as above and that the Said Eight hundred acres bo recorded in 
the prop" Book of records. 

4. Voted and Chose Cap*. Josiah Willard, Lieut. Edward Hart- 
well, Ensign Josiah Willard, Ephraim Parce, James Jewell, Ephraim 
Wetherbee and Isaac Pamsworth, a Comity fully impowared to lay 
out the Eight hundred acres as above, and sign the Plan aud Deliver 
the same to thfe Prop" Clerk to be recorded. 

6. Voted and Chose Howard Sawyer to lay out the above Said 
Eight hundred acres of land. 

6. Voted that the meeting be adjourned to the 26th day of this 
instant May, at 8 of the Clock in the forenoon. 

May the 26th, 1731, the Prop" afore S*^ being met upon adjournment 
then Voted, Granted and ordered the Eight hundred acres above men- 
tioned be made one thousand acres, and that Mr. Benj*. Whitemore be 
intitled to two hundred acres of the land, and having an equal Por- 
tion with the other four Gentlemen above mentioned, and that the 
thousand acres be layed out in one intire Piece, as above, that the 
two hundred acres afore"* be Granted to the said Mr. Whitemore are 
Granted for his former Good Service, Pursuant to a former Vote made 
at Groton, March 16, 1726-6. 

Recorded April y* 7, anno Domini 1732. 

Josiah Willard, Moderator. 
A true Copy Examined, 

Joseph Hartwell, Clerk. 

Lunenbury, June (he 11, 1731. 
Layed out by the Comi"* apointed, one thousand acres of laud in 
the Southwest Comer of Said township, to the Great and General 
Court Com*^' (viz)., the Hon^*« William Taylor, Esq', the Hon"' Samuel 
Thaxter, Esq", Co". Francis fullam, Esq^ and Mr. Bcnj*. Whitemore, 
and Capt. John Sheple, Granted to them by the Proprietors for their 
former Good Service in Said Township. Begining at a Piller of 
stones erected for the corner of S'd township and running East 12 
Degrees South on the South line of Said township 400 rods to a Ches- 
nut tree, then make an angle and running north 12 Degrees East on 



1865.] Extracts from Sermons by Cotton Matlier. 245 

Common land 400 rods to a white pine tree, there making an angle 
and running west 12 Degrees north on Common land — 400 rods to a 
maple tree, there making an angle and running South 12 Degrees 
west on the town line 400 rods, to where it began. Surveyed by 
Nathan Haywood, and approved by the Com*** (viz.) Edward Hart- 
well, Josiah Willard, Isaac Parnsworth, Ephraim Wetherbee, and 
James Jewell. 

Becorded June 14, anno Domini 1731. 

Pr Edward Hartwell, Clepk, 
A true Coppy Exam*. 

Joseph Hartwell, Clerk. 
Lunenburge, Sep'. 18, 1788. 

Endorsed Kendal Boutell, Sep*. 19, 1788. 



EXTRACTS PROM SERMONS BY COTTON MATHER. 
Ok tec Death of Rev. Jahes Keith, from the Text " Man 

GREATLY BELOVEb."* 

" Alas, The Angel of (he Church of BRIDGWATER has this Last 
Weekf heard that Voice from Heaven unto him. Come up hither ! And 
he's flown ! A Desirable Man, if any among us were worthy to be 
Esteemed so 1 Yea, you now know, whom I had in my Eye, while I 
was describing, A Man Greatly Beloved : It was HE who Satt, for my 
Pencil to take the Features from him ! The Desireable and very Ven- 
erable JAMES KEITH, who Preached his First Sermon in the Place 
where I am now Standing, more than Fifty Years ago, and sweetly 
Entertained us again a Few Months ago, is this Last Week Expired : 
That Silver Trumpet has done Sounding. And it were a Fault in me, 
if I should not in this Place take Notice of a Man who had so much 
of GOD in Him, and who deserves so much to he had in Everlasting Be- 
membrance.'' . . . . " Discharging both Publickly and Privately, 
the Work of his Ministry, even to the Last, and for Seven Years after 
he had passed thro' a Jubilee.' ' .... 

" He was the First Pastor of Bridgwater ; " .... " 'Twas then a 
Sett of Pious and Praying People : A Town that stood in a Land of 
Unwalled Villages, when there were Armies of Bloody Indians, de- 
stroying round about th«m, not very long after their KEITH was 
come to be, their Decus ac Tutamen ; a Glory and a Defence imto 
them. It was Remarkable that tho' the Town was often Assaulted 
by formidable Troops of Salvages, yet in all the sharp Assaults it 
never lost so much as one of its Inhabitants. They wanted not for 
Solicitations to desert their Dwellings ; But having a KEITH to ani- 
mate them, they Resolved, that they would keep their Stations ; and 
Stand sHU to see the Salvation of God. Once the Indians began to Fire 
the Town ; but, they had a KEITH, with his Faith, to Turn to FHghi 
the Armies of (he Aliens. The People with a noble Courage issued 
forth from their Garrisons, to Fight the Enemy. But God at the same 

« Boston. Printed by S. Kneeland. 1719. Pp. 84. 
t He died July 23, 1719. 
TOL XIX. 21* 



246 Descendants of Rev. Thomas Jenner. [Jolj; 

time Fought for them, with a Storm of Thunder and Lightning and 
Bain, whereby a considerable part of their Houses were preserved. 
Man Oreatly Beloved ! Of whom it might be said Qui MUiUU 
^{her ! — After that Memorable Time, the Town went on. Prospering 
and Flourishing under the Care of their Faithful Shepherd ; untU anon 
they became Tvx> Bands ; Their Pastor did generously Approve and 
Assist, the Peaceable Swarming of a New Assembly from him ; and 
on the Day when they First Met in their New Edifice, he preached 
unto them, that Savoury Sermon, which was afterwards Published 
under the Title of, A Case of Prayer, handled on a Day of Prayer. 
A Sermon worthy to be their Perpetual Monitor, And, which Two 
Years before his Death, he Concludes with minding them, Thxs Ex- 
hortatbon is given you, by your Aged Pastor, who hath served you in the 
Chspel now full Fifty-Four years, and 1 hope, by the Grace of God in 
some measure of Sincerity, tho^ attended with much Weakness, great 
Infirmities, and manifold Temptations,'* 

On the Death of Mrs. Abiel Goodwin, who died Oct. 3, 172Y.* 

"Finally; ABIEL GOODWIN, shall without any Disorder now 
Speak in the Church! .... to see a Damsel short of Twenty Years of 
Age . . looking [Death] in the face," &c. " Her Father died a very 
young Man, but in so uncommon and victorious a manner, that it is 
Printed in a Book, and our COELESTINUS, has given the Report of 
it. She was bom after the Death of her Father, and for that Cause 
the Name of Abiel [or God my Father] was given her." 



DESCENDANTS OF REV. THOMAS JENNER. 

[Communicated by Wic. S. Appleton, AJ4.] 

The recent publication by the Massachusetts Historical Society 
(Vol. xxxvii. 355), of letters of Rev. Thomas Jenner, seems to furnish 
a suitable reason and time for preparing some account of his family, 
especially as no notice has ever yet been taken of the fact that descend- 
ants from him are living in this country. He was probably bom in 
one of the Eastern Counties of England, where he may also have been 
a settled clergyman. R. Stansby, who speaks of Mr. Jenner in 1637, 
in a letter in the above-mentioned volume, may have meant the emi- 
grant, and have been ignorant of his removal to New England. 

He came hither about 1635, and soon became the Minister of Wey- 
mouth, where eighteen acres of land were granted to him in June, 
1686. He was made Freeman 8 December of the same year. From 
an expression of Rev. Stephen Bachiler, on page 104 of the volume 

a noted before, I judge him to have been somewhat advanced in life at 
tie time of his coming. 

His ministry at Weymouth was unfortunate ; Winthrop and Hub- 
bard mention the differences between the people and Mr. Jenner. In 

« Boston. Printed for D. Honchman, at the Corner Shop over against the Brick Meeting 
House in Com-hlU. 17t8. Pp. 88. 



1866.] Descendants of Rev. Thomas Jenner. 247 

the latter part of 1640, he moved to Saco, where he was probably the 
first settled minister. His arrival was regarded with favor by Thomas 
Oorges and Richard Vines, and the People "willingly contributed for 
his stipend 47 li. per annum." He had, however, some " hot dis- 
courses, especially about the ceremonies," and 28 March, 1646, he 
wrote to Gov. Winthrop, " Mr. Vines is fallen out with me bitterly, 
and threatens me to my face, when time shall serve." He thereupon 
resigned his ministry, and soon left Saco. 

We next hear of him in England, in October, 1650, as living in 
Norfolk, and compelled by poverty to sell his library, which seems to 
have been bought for Harvard College. Whether either of the fol- 1 
lowing extracts from Blomefield's History of Norfolk refers to him, I i 
cannot say : — Colteshall ; The rector in 1646 was George Goade, in 
a very little while succeeded by Thomas Jenner, who in 1667 was 
complained of to the sessions in order to dispossess him, and being 
unable to make head against their proceedings, in 1658 he resigned. 
Horstead ; Thomas Jenner occurs rector in 1657. 

The name of his wife is unknown, and also the date of his death. 
He had certainly three children, two daughters, who are known only 
from one of their father's letters, and a son Thomas, of whom as 
follows : — 

(2) Thomas Jenner, junior, probably came to this country with 
his father, and received at the same time forty-five acres of land at 
Weymouth. He became Freeman 6 September, 1639, and was, I 
doubt not, the deputy from Weymouth in 1640. In 1636, he was also 
admitted an inhabitant of Charlestown, where we find him in 1649. 
The following deed is copied from the Suffolk Registry ; it is found, 
also, in the first volume of "Estates" at the State House — 28(10) 
1649. "Thomas Jenner of Charlestown granted unto Elder Edw. 
Bates & John Whitman of Waymouth one dwelling house at Way- 
mouth (now in the possession of John King), two orchyards and 
twenty-one Acres adjoyning more or lesse, also twelve Acres at the * 
westerne neck be it more or lesse, also halfe an Acre uppon Grape 
Hand be it more or lesse, also fourty Acres w*^ is his owne pp lott bo 
it more or lesse, and eighteene Acres w*^ was his fathers. Also the 
round marsh being four Acres more or lesse and one acre of fresh 
marsh adjoyning, and six Acres of marsh aboue the fr-esh pond, & a 
wood lott on hingham side. And this was by an absolute deed of 
sale dated 28 (10) 1649, and consented to by m". Jenner before m'. 
nowell." 

I presume his wife was Esther Jenner, who joined the Church of 
Charlestown, 9 July, 1648. According to the diary of Samuel Sew- 
all (Regisierf vi. 73) she seems to have married secondly a Mr. Wins- 
ley, and to have been his widow in 1686. I cannot give the date of 
death of Thomas Jenner, jr., or of his wife, and only know the names 
of two of their children, John' (8) and Thomas' (4). 

(3) John was undoubtedly one of the original founders, in 1656, 
of Brookhaven, L. I., which was settled by emigrants mostly from the 
neighborhood of Boston. He is named in the patent of 7 May, 1666. 
He apparently married AKce, daughter of Robert Pigg, and had cer- 
tainly Thomas,* and probably John,* and more chSdren. His son 
Thoma^ married at Charlestown, where his cousins lived, 9 July, 
1685, Marah Maroh, and had there Martha,* b. 29 May, 1687. 



248 Descendantt of Rev. Thomas Jenner. [Julji 

(4) Thomas m. at Charlestown, 22 May, 1655, Rebecca, dan. of 

Nicholas Trerise, had 

Rebecca,* b. 27 February, 1656, m. 3 June, 1673, Samuel 
Lynde, and in 1682, Robert Lewis. 

Thomas,* b. 20 September, 1658, d. prob. before 1688, unm. 

David,* b. 20 October, 1663. (5) 

Sarah,* b. 17 July, 1667, d, 24 August, 1667. 

Samuel,* b. 18 March, 1669, d. prob. before 1688, unm. 

Elenor,* ) b. 11 February, 1671, d. young. 

Elizabeth,* J b. " " " m. 19 June, 1*101, Samuel 

Bur. 

Elenor,* b. 15 February, 1674, m. 26 October, 1701, William 
Wior. 
He joined the Church of Charlestown 13 March, 1681, and the 
Artillery Company of Boston in 1673. He was a Sea Captain, and 
made regular trips between England and New England. He seems 
to have inherited a taste for the Ministry ; John Dunton, who came 
to Boston as his passenger in 1685, describes him thus : — ** Our Gap- 
tain, Tho, Jenner, was a rough Covetous Tarpaulin ; but he under- 
stood his Business well enough, and had some smaU'ringa of DivinUy 
in his Head, He went to Prayers very constantly, and took upon him 
to EXPOUND the Scriptures, which gave Offence to several of the 
Passengers." 

He died in England in the autumn of 1686, and 28 April, 1687, his 
widow was appointed to administer on his property. His estate was 
insolvent in 1693, and a settlement was finally made in 1708, when 
the only heirs beside the widow were his son David, and daughters 
Rebecca, Elizabeth and Elenor. His widow, in her account rendered 
18 February, 1707-8, desired " allowance for the Funerall Charges of 
the said deceased, paid in England, £18 is here £22 10.'' — She d. 
23 September, 1722, aged 86 years, and 7 months. 

(5) David, m. 14 June, 1688, Mabel, daughter of Hon. James 

Russell, had 

Mabel,* b. 31 October, 1690, d. 14 November, 1702. 

Rebecca,* b. 2 January, 1692, d. 8 November, 1702. 

Thomas,* b. 21 December, 1693. (6) 

Elizabeth,* b. 27 July, 1696, m. 29 September, 1715, Ezekiel 
Checvcr, of Boston. 

David,* b. 4 July, 1699. 

Abigail,* b. 19 September, 1700, m. 22 September, 1719, Ed- 
ward Wier. 
He was Freeman in 1691, and d. 23 August, 1709, when he was 
called a Merchant. 

(6) Thomas, m. 3 July, 1718, Joanna, daughter of Samuel Ever- 

ton, had 
Joanna,* b. 11 July, 1721, d. 15 February, 1722. 
Joanna,* b. 3 June, 1723, d. 19 April, 1731. 
Mabel,* b. 23 January, 1725, m. 9 July, 1747, Samuel Bird, 

of Dorchester. 
Thomas,* b. 5 June, 1727, d. 6 July, 1727. 
Thomas,* b. 1 August, 1728, d. 18 December, 1728. 
Henry Phillips,* b. 12 October, 1729, d. 26 September, 1731. 
David,* b. 20 October, 1732, H. 0. 1758, d. 1754. 



1866.] Springfield Toum Records. 240 

Joanna,* b. January, 1Y34, m. 1 March, 1763, Edward Cames, 
of Boston. 

Samuel,* b. 3 November, 1736. 

Rebecca,* b. 1738. 

Elizabeth,* b. April, 1740. 

Abigail,* b. February, 1744. 
lie made his will 26 March, 1760, mentioning only his wife Joan- 
na, son Samuel, dau. Joanna Carnes, dau. Abigail, and grandson 
Thomas Jenner Carnes. He died 23 June, 1766, aged 72, and was 
buried in a tomb built in 1726. On its front is a large slab of slatfe, 
bearing the family arms, viz.. Argent or Or, on a cross azure five 
fleurs-de-lis of the field, in a bordure engrailed of the second. The 
Rev. Thomas Jenner sued a seal charged with one fleur-de-lis, as a 
sort of personal cognizance. On the Charlestown Records and else- 
where the name is inmost invariably accompanied by the token of n- 
spect, either Mr. or Esq. 

It may be doubted, whether any are living who inherit both the 
blood and name of Rev. Thomas Jenner ; but there are probably 
numerous descendants from the daughters of the fourth, fifth and sixth 
generations. The author of this article is one of many, who claim 
relationship through the marriage of Elenor* with William Wier of 
Charlestown. 



SPRINGFIELD TOWN RECORDS. 

[Communicated by Cras. H. 8. Datib, New York.] 

[Oootlnaed flrom ptge <M.] 

Births. 

Jonathan Ely Son of Samuell & Mary Ely, borne 

Ebenezer Day Son of Thomas & Sarah Day, " 

John Son of Joseph & Mary Bodurtha, " 
Benjamin Dorchester Son of Benjamin & Laiy 

Dorchester, " 

Sarah Daughter of John & Mary Harman, " 
Lydia Morgan had a Son whose name is 

Benoni, born out of Wedlock, 

Luke Son of John & Hannah Hitchcock, " 
Margarite Daughter of David & Margarite 

Lumbard, " 

Pelatiah Son of David & Mary Morgan, " 

William Son of Jno. & Sarah Scot, " 

Rebecca Daughter of Samuel & Ruth Taylor, " 

Joseph Son of James & mercy Barker, " 

Mary Daughter of Henry & Mary Rogers, " 
Abilene Hunter Daughter of Widow Priscilla 

Hunter, " 

John Son of Joseph & Hanna Harman, " 

Benjamin Son of Joseph Stebbin, " 
Henry Son of Abel & Martha Wright, 



Jan. 


24, 


1676 


Feb. 


18, 


1676 


Feb. 


8, 


1676 


Feb. 


8, 


1676 


Feb. 


13, 


1676 


Feb. 




1676 


tf oh 28, 1674r^ 


May 


10, 


1676 


March, 


1676 


Aug 


■•8, 


1676 


Nov 


. 1, 


1670 


Nov 


. T, 


1676 


Dec. 


23, 


1676 


Jan. 


1, 


1676 


Jan. 


6, 


1676 


Jan. 


28, 


1676 


Jan. 


6, 


1676 



250 Springfield Tovm Records. [Jul/i 

Thomas Ball Son of Jonatha & Sarah Bal, borne Feb. 25, 1676 

Abigail Daughter of Increase & Abigail Sikes, " Mch 16, 16Y6-7 

Elizabeth Daughter of Samuel & Anna Ferry, " Mch 25, 1677 

Job Colton Son of Ephraim & Mary Colton, " May 14, 1677 
Samuel Leonard Son of Joseph & Mary 

Leonard, " May 16, 1677 

George Son of Isaac & Maiy Colton, " June 16, 1677 

PriscUla Daughter of Jno. & Lydia Warner, " April 4, 1677 
Ebenezer Chapin Son of Japhet & Abilene 

Ohapin, " June 26, 1677 
Elizabeth Daughter of Nathaniel & Margarite 

Foot, " June 23, 1677 

Mary Daughter of William & Mary Brookes, " July 11, 1677 

Solomon Ferry Son of Charles & Sarah Ferry, " July 19, 1677 

John & Anna Petty — a child still bom, June 23, 1677 
Hannah Denton Daughter of Mr. David & 

Hannah Denton, " Aug. 5, 1677 

Samuell Bliss Son of Samuell & Sarah Bliss, " Aug. 10, 1677 
Sarah Crowfoot Daughter of Joseph & Mary 

Crowfoot, " Aug. 13, 1677 
Elizabeth Morgan Daughter of Isaac k Abi- 
gail Morgan, " Aug. 27, 1677 
Nathaniel Hitchcock Son of John & Hannah 

Hitchcock, " Aug. 28, 1677 

Ebenezer Day Son of Thomas & Sarah Day, " Sept. 5, 1677 

Sarah Bliss Daughter of Samuel & Maiy Bliss, " Sept. 10, 1677 
Mary Knowlton Daughter of Benjamin k 

Hanna Knowlton, " Sept. 17, 1677 

Pelatiah morgan Son of David & Mary morgan, " Oct. 1, 1677 

Martha Ely Daughter of Samuel & Mary Ely, " Oct. 28, 1677 
Joseph Warriner Son of James & Elizabeth 

Warriner, " Nov. 6, 1677 
Mary Lumbard Daughter of David k marga- 
rite Lumbard, " Nov. 13, 1677 
Elizur Sikes Son of Victory & Elizabeth Sikes, " Dec. 11, 1677 
Hannah Stebbin Daughter of Thomas k 

Abigail Stebbin, " Dec. 29, 1677 
Elizabeth Tailor Daughter of James k Mary 

Tailor, " Jan. 5, 1677 

Elizabeth Daughter of Sam'l k Mary Bal, " Jan. 14, 1677 
Experience Burt Daughter of Nathaneel k 

Rebecca Burt, " Jan. 23, 1677 
John Barber, Sen., k Bathsheba his wife 

had a daughter named Mary, " Feb. 13, 1677 

John Son of John k Mary Harman, " Mch 2, 1678 

John Rogers Son of Henry & Mary Rogers, " Mch 5, 1678 

Nathaneel the Son of John & Lydia Peirce, " Mch 16, 1678 

Sarah Daughter of Luke & Sarah Hitchcocke, " April 1, 1678 

Sarah Daughter of John k HannAh Bagg, " April 2, 1678 
Obadiah CooleySon of Obadiah k Rebecca 

Cooley, " Aug. 1, 1678 
Ruth Taylor Daughter of Samuel & Ruth 

Taylor, " Aug. 18, 1678 



1865.] 



Springfield Town Records. 



251 



Thomas Son of Thomas & Desire Cooper, borne Sept. 4, 1678 

Sarah Daughter of Tho. & Sarah Colton, " Sept. 26, 1678 

Bebecca Daughter of Increase & Abigail Sikes, " Sept. 17, 1678 
Ebenezer Petty Son of John & Anna Petty, " Oct. 8, 1678 

Margarite Daughter of Philip & Sarah mattoon, " Nov. 4, 1678 

Hannah Bliss Daughter of Jno. & Patience Bliss, " Nov. 16, 1678 
Thomas & Abigail Stebbein had a child still borne, Nov. 23, 1678 

Sarah Bal daughter of Jonathan & Sarah Bal, " Dec. 11, 1678 
Mary Scot Daughter of Jno. & Sarah Scot, " Dec. 29, 1678 

John Eily Soh of Samuel & Mary Eily, " Jan. 28, 1678 

Margarite Daughter of Isaac & Hephzibah 

Gakebread, 
John Son of John & Lydia Warner, 
Abel Son of Victory & Elizabeth Sikes, 
Henry Son of Henry & Bethiah Chapin, 
Experience Daughter of Samuel & Mary Blisse, 
Samuel Wright Son of Abel & Martha 

Wright, 
Hannah Daughter of Japhet & Abilene Chapin, 
Thomas Son of Joseph & Sarah Stebbein, 
Mary Daughter of Joseph & Lydia Bodurtha, 
Dorothy the Daughter of Henry & Mary 

Rogers, 
Nathaneel Son of Samuel and Sarah Blisse, 
John Son of Joseph & Mary Leonard, 
Abigail Daughter of David & Priscilla Throu, 
Thankful Daughter of Wm. & Mary Brookes, 
Samuel Son of Mr. Daniel & Hannah Denton, 
Jonathan Son of James & Mary Tailor, 
Benjamin Son of Bemamin & Hannah Knowlton, 
James Dorchester Son of James and Sarah 

Dorchester, 
Mercy Daughter of Samuel & Mary Ball, 
Hannah Daughter of Eliakim & Hannah Cooloy, 
Mary Daughter of Mary & Joseph Thomas, 
Margarite Daughter of David & Margarite 

Lumbard, 
Jonathan Son of Isaac & Abigail Morgan, 
Samuel Son of Ephraim & Mary Coulton, 
Samuel Son of James & Elizabeth Warrener, 
Mary Daughter of Nicholas & Mary Rust, 
David Son of John & Hannah Hitchcocke, 
David Son of David & Mary Tolorgan, 
Samuel Sikes Son of Victory & Elizabeth Sikes, 
Mercy Daughter of Charles & Sarah Ferrey, 
A son was born to Samuell and Joanna Stebbein March 12, 1679-80 

and Dyed about two houres after it was borne. 
Elizabeth Daughter of Luke & Sarah Hitchcocke, bom 
Samuel the Son of Increase & Abigail Sikes, ** 
Philip the Son of Philip & Sarah Mattoone, " • 

Margarite Daughter of Ebenezer & Mercy Jones, " 
Margarite Riley had a daughter born out of wedlock, 
Mercy Daughter of Samuel & Mary Blisse, bom 



Feb. 21, 1678 
Feb. 22, 1678 
Feb. 24, 1678 
Mch 19, 1679 
April 1, 1679 

June 17, 1679 
June 21, 1679 
July 13, 1679 
Sept. 4, 1679 

Sept. 5, 1679 

Sept. 8, 1679 

Sept. 12, 1679 

Sept. 13, 1679 

Sept. 13, 1679 

Sept. 29, 1679 

Oct. 30, 1679 

Dec. 9, 1679 

Dec. 14, 1679 
Dec. 15, 1679 
Dec. 24, 1679 
Dec. 29, 1679 

Dec. 30. 1679 
Jan. 15, 1679 
Jan. 17, 1679 
Jan. 26, 1679 
Jan. 28, 1679 
Feb. 7, 1679 
Feb. 18, 1679 
Mch 3, 1680 
Mch 12, 1679-80 



Mch 19, 1680 
Mch 27, 1680 
April 4, 1680 
June 10, 1680 

July 6, 1680 
July 18, 1680 



252 Richard Sauthgate and his Family. [July, 

Hannah Daughter of Japhet & Abilene Chapin, borae July 18, 1680 

Abilene the Daughter of John & Hannah Bagg, " July 25, 1680 

Samuel Son of Jonathan & Sarah Bal, " July 31, 1680 

Jonathan Son of Thomas & Sarah Day was " Aug. 8, 1680 
Patience Brooke out of the state of wedlock had 

a daughter still born Aug. 8, 1680. 

Amah the Daughter of Ruth & Samuel Tailor, " Aug. 11, 1680 

Josiah Son of Josiah & Sarah Leonard, " Oct. 21, 1680 

Elizabeth Daughter of Jno. & Mary Harman, " Dec. 3, 1680 

Sarah Daughter of Jonathan & Sarah morgan, " Dec. 3, 1680 
Hannah Daughter of Thomas & Abigail Steb- 

bein, junr. " Dec. 22, 1680 

Anna Daughter of Thomas & Sarah Goulton, " Dec. 27, 1680 
Joseph Leonard son of Joseph & Mary 

Leonard, " Jan. 1, 1680 

Dorcas Daughter of Nathaniel & Rebeca Burt, " Feb. 10, 1680 

Ebenezer Son of Jno. & Lydia Warner, '* Feb. 16, 1680 

Rebeca Daughter of Thomas & Hannah Bancroft, " Feb. 23, 1680 

James Son of James & Sarah Dorchester, " Feb. 27, 1680 

Anna Daughter of Obadiah & Rebeca Cooley, " Mch. 5, 1681 

Eliakim Son of Eliakim & Hannah Oooley, '' Mch. 19, 1681 

Jonathan Son of Jonathan & Sarah Bush, " April 10, 1681 

John Syn of John & Mary Matthews, " April 18, 1681 



BRIEF NOTICE OP RICHARD SOUTHGATE AND HIS FAMILY. 

" Leicester, April 5, 1758. On the first Current Deceased here Mr. 
Richard Southgatb, in the 88th Year of his Age. He came from 
Combs near Stowmarket, in Suffolk in England, in 1716, to see this 
Country : and preferring it to England, he took up 2 Shares among the 
first Settlers of Leicester ; and remaining in 1717, broH over his Fami- 
ly hither ; coming over in the same Vessel with Mr. Prince now Min- 
ister in Boston. He was a Gentleman of a very acute Judgment, 
considerable Knowledge of the English Liberties, both civil and re- 
ligious, and highly valu'd them : was acquainted with the distinguish- 
ing Doctrines of the Gospel, as professed in these Churches from the 
Beginning, and with their Congregational Way; all which, upon 
acute Examination he was fully persuaded were most agreeable to 
the Doctrines and Constitution of the primitive Churches, as taught 
by the inspired Apostles ; and he had singular Courage, Zeal and 
Powers, in Argument, to maintain them. He lived and died in Faith 
of obtaining Justification and eternal Life by the Righteousness of 
Ohbist alone. And left surviving 2 Sons, 2 Daughters, and 25 Grand- 
children.'' — Boston Gazette, Monday, April 10, 1758. 

[We gather the following from Washburn's valuable History of 
Leicester. Richard Southgate brought with him sons Richard and 
Steward. Richard was bom in England July 13, 1714, m. Eunice 
Brown, of Leicester, and died in 1798, aged 85. 

John Southgate, son of Steward, was bom Jan. 15, 1738, and was 
the brother of Dr. Robert Southgate, of Scarborough in Maine. He 



1865.] Gleanings. 253 

m. Eleanor Sargent, dau. of Jonathan Sargent, 2d. He was adjutant of 
the regiment of minute men commanded by Col. Wm. Henshaw, and 
marched to Cambridge on the alarm of the 19th of April, 1776. In Sept., 
1776, a regiment of artillery was raised under the command of Col. 
Thomas Crafts, of which James Swan was major. John Southgate was 
commissioned as second officer in the company of Capt. Todd, under 
the title of " captain-lieutenant." Robert Southgate, another son of 
Steward, was born Oct. 26, 1741 ; studied medicine ; went to Scar- 
borough in 1771 — became an extensive landowner, and gradually with- 
drew from his profession, which he had pursued successfully for sev- 
eral years. He m. in 1773, Mary King (then in her 16th year), dau. 
of Richard King, of Scarborough, sister of Rufus King. Mr. South- 
gate was afterward appointed a Judge of the Court of Common Pleas. 
He died Nov. 2, 1833, a. 92 — had 12 children, one of whom, Horatio, 
was father of Bishop Horatio Southgate, recently of Boston. — See 
the History of Leicester, for farther information.] 



GLEANINGS. 

[CoDtioaed from page 58.] 

56. 

OxE most transparent and unpleasant mistake is made on page 14 
of this volume of the Register, where it is said that Anne, the widow 
of William Hutchinson, the famous disturber of the church, died at 
Wells. It was William's mother, Susanna. Anne, as is well known, 
was killed by the Indians, with several of her children. 

I am happy to say that Mr. Savage agrees with me, that Richard 
Hutchinson, the iron monger, was the brother of William the emi- 
grant. I mistook his meaning in his article on Hutchinson, because 
1 supposed the sentence beginning " He was a wealthy iron monger,'' 
referred to the subject of the article, viz. Richard, son of William. 
Mr. Savage meant, on the contrary, to refer to Richard, the brother, 
who had been mentioned in the preceding sentence. 

I may also correct two slight errors : of the children of Edward 
and Catherine (Haraby) Hutchinson, Anne was bapt. 19 Nov., 1643, 
and Catherine was born 16 May, 1648. 

Again, the kindness of Isaac J. Greenwood, jr. Esq., has enabled 
me to correct the date of the death of Elizabeth, dau. of Elisha^ 
Hutchinson, and wife of Dr. John Clarke. She died 2 Dec, 1722. 



57. 

I am indebted to Mr. Greenwood for the solution of my query in 
Reg. xviii. 289, as to how George Cradock was nephew of Lt. Gov'. 
Tailer. Wra. Tailor m. first, a daughter of Nathaniel Byfield, and 
her sister Deborah Lyde was mother of Mary, wife of George Cra- 
dock. Tailor's second wife was Abigail, dau. of Benjamin Gillam, 
and widow of Thomas Dudley, the son of Paul D., and gr.-son of Gov. 
Thomas D. 

A search among our records has brought to light some facts which 
had escaped Mr. Savage. 

Vol. XIX. 22 



254 Hutchinson'' 8 Collection of Papers. [July, 

Benjamin Gillam, of Boston, 1636, had, as Mr. Savage records, three 
sons, Zecheriah, Benjamin, and Joseph ; and two daughters, Hannah, 
who m. Richard Sharpe, and one who m. a Gwinn. 

Of these, Benjamin m. Hannah Savage, and had three daus.: Hannah, 
wife of Samuel Phillips ; Faith, who m. Mathew Middleton, and 2dly 
Capt. Wentworth Paston; and Mary, whoprob. d. unm. The widow 
m. Giles Sylvester. 

Joseph,' son of Benjamin, Sen', m. Martha — and had John ; Joseph, 
b. 30 Mch., 1676 ; Knight, b. 30 Jan., 1677 ; and Anne, b. 15 July, 
1673. He d. in 1680. His father-in-law was John Joyliffc, and I 
suspect his wife was Martha Knight, and that she m. secondly Jarvis 
Ballard. (See Reg. xviii. 187.) 

The other son of Benjamin* was Zachary, who m. 26 July, 1659, 
Phebe, dau. of Lieut. Wm. Phillips, and had at Boston, Martha, b. 
2 June, 1660 ; Zecheriah, b. 4 Nov., 1661 ; and Benjamin, b. 23 Mch., 
1662. He went to England and prob. remained there. His son Ben- 
jamin^ came to Boston and settled here during the life of his uncle 
Benjamin. This is proved by the following deed. Suff. Deeds xviii. 
76. Benjamin and Joseph, executors of their father Benjamin Gil- 
lam, 14 Apr. 1676, set off certain land on Fort Hill, one half of which 
was to go to them, and the other half to Zecheriah Gillam, of London, 
and Richard Sharpe, who m. Hannah, dau. of said Benjamin Gillam. 
This wa,^ recorded 6 Oct., 1693, and with it a deed dated 22 April, 
1692, of Hannah, widow of Richard Sharpe, to Benjamin Gillam, son 
and heir of the before named Zecheriah Gillam, of all of her interest. 
Finally (Deeds xxx. 56), Abigail, widow of Benjamin, and Wm. 
Tailer and Abigail his wife, one of the daus. and coheirs, sold this 
land 14 Oct., 1715. 

This Benjamin Gillam 3d, son of Zecheriah, m. Abigail [ ] and 

had Abigail, b. 22 Feb., 1684, and Anne, b. 11 Dec, 1688. I suspect 
he also had a son Zecheriah, b. 11 Oct., 1686, though the record calls 
the wife Elizabeth. His will of 28 April, 1701, mentions wife Abi- 
gail, and two daus. 

Of these, Abigail, as we have seen, m. Thomas Dudley and Wm. 
Tailer. Of Anne, I find ho farther record. w. h. w. 



HuTcmNSON's Collection op Papers. — The Massachusetts Gazette, 
Boston, Jan. 9, 1769, contains the following advertisement. It no ^ 
doubt refers to the volume known as Hutchinson's Collection of 
Papers, published by T. and J. Fleet in October, 1769, of which the 
first volume of a new edition, edited by Mr. Whitmore, has lately 
been printed for the Prince Society. See notice of this work, p. 187. 
Jeremy Condy died August, 1768, aged 60. See Thomas's History 
of Printing, vol. ii. page 436. j. c. 

" Notice, The late Mr. Condy intended to have published a volume 
of curious Papers, to have served as an Appendix to the Lieutenant 
Governor's History of the Massachusetts Bay, but Death prevented. 

" Subscriptions to encourage the Printing the same Collection will 
be received by Thomas and John Fleet, at the Heart and Crown in 
ComhiU.'' 



1865.] A Journal kept in Boston Gaol, in 1775. 255 



A JOURNAL KEPT BY JOHN LEACH, DURING HIS CON- 
FINEMENT BY THE BRITISH, IN BOSTON GAOL, IN 1776. 

[Communicated to tlie Regii?tcr by Edward Jacob Fohster, of Charlestown, Mass., a 
great-grandson of Mr. Leach.] 

[John Leach, the author of the following journal, came to this 
country from England, at the age of 27. He married, in Boston, 
Sarah CoflSn, granddaughter of Nathaniel and Damaris CoflSn, July 
24, 1750. She died there March 25, 1811, aged 78. Mr. Leach, who 
kept a navigation school in Boston previous to the revolution, was 
practically fitted for his profession, having thrice circumnavigated the 
globe. He died at his residence in Bennet street, Boston, June 10, 
1799, aged 75. Their children, seventeen in number, were : — 

John, b. 10 March, 1752, Sea Captain, d. at sea 1805, had six oh. 

Sarah, b. Nov., 1754, d. Nov. 10, 1764. 

Bebecca, b. 2 Dec, 1775, m. John Badger, d. March 23, 1837. 

Thomas, b. 10 March, 1767, m. Desire Bangs, d. 23 May, 1828. 

Charles, b. 10 May, 1758, d. 3 Sept., 1759. 

WiUiam, b. 3 July, 1759, d. 6 Sept., 1759. 

Samuel, b. 24 Sept., 1760, d. Oct., 1781, at Martinico. 

Jam£S, b. 15 March, 1762, d. 22 March, 1797, at Norwich, Conn. 

Nathaniel, b. 24 Dec, 1763, m. Phoebe Kidder, lost at sea, 4 ch. 

Charles, b. 8 April, 1765, m. Humphrey, d. 14 Oct., 1810, had 

several children. 

WiUiam, b. 20 July, 1766, m. Eliz. Swett, d. Feb., 1809, 3 ch. 

Tileston, b. 1 Jan., 1768, d. 18 July, 1775. 

Sarah, b. 20 July, 1769, m. Nathan Webb, of Charlestown, d. 11 
Nov., 1857. 

Li/dia Tileston, b. 18 Oct., 1770, m. Capt, Ansell Cook, d. 8 Jan., 
1858. 

Mary, b. 30 Jan., 1772, m. Elihu Bates, d. 17 Aug., 1852. 

Mercy, b. 25 Feb., 1773, d. 9 Oct., 1773. 

Molineaux, b. 3 July, 1774, d. 2 Aug., 1801, at the West Indies. 

We have been favored by Mr. Forster with a printed copy of the 
diary of Peter Edes, who was one of the companions of Mr. Leach in 
his confinement.* Mr. Edes was imprisoned June 19, 1775. Under 
date of June 29 (page 9) he says : " Masters Leach and Lovell were 
brought to prison and put into the same room with me and my com- 
panions." The general statements of the two diarists agree in almost 
every particular. In many of the sentences the same phraseology 
occurs. Where an important variation is made, it will be noted. 
There are breaks in the journal of Mr. Leach, commencing July 21, 
and ending Aug. 11, as also from Aug. 26 to Oct. 3d. The most 
interesting parts of these omissions we have supplied from the journal 

• A Diary | of I Peter Edes, I the oldest printer in the United States, | written during his | 
confinement in Boston | i)y tlie British, | one linndred and seven days, I in the year 
1776, I immediately after the battle of Bunlcer Hill. | Written by himself, f Bangor : | 
Samuel S. Smith, Printer. | 1837. | 870. pp. 24. 



256 A Journal kept in Boston Gaol, in 1775. [^^7; 

of Mr. Edes. So far as the memorandums of Mr. Leach are carried ont, 
they are set down in the same order and under the same dates with 
those of Mr. Edes. The days on which Mr. Edes makes no record his 
companion makes none. The two journals remind us, in some respects, 
of the Ware and Tolman journals of an expedition against Quebec iu 
1*115. See Register, vi. 129-141 ; Book of the Lockes, page 323 ; 
Whitmore's Handbook of American Genealogy, page 87. In the notice 
of the death of Mr. Leach in the Columbian Centinel, it is mentioned 
that " he was an eminent teacher of Mathematics." — Editor.] 

Mem/)randums, began Thursday, June 29th, 1775. — At 3 this after- 
noon, a few steps from my House, 1 was seized upon by Major Cane, 
of the Regulars, accompanied by one Loring, who is lately made a 
Sheriff: they obliged me to return to my House, where Major Cane 
demanded my Keys of my Desks, and searched all my Drawings, 
Writings, &c., and told me I had a great deal to answer for. I re- 
plyed, it was very well, I stood ready at a minute^s warning to answer 
any accusation ; I had a drawn Hanger, I could. have took hold of in 
a moment, and cut them botli down. 1 had both Courage and incli- 
nation to do it, tho' they had each their swords by their sides, but I 
suddenly reflected, that I could not escape, as the whole Town was 
a prison. God wonderfully restrained me, as I should have lost my 
Life, either by them, or some of their Companions. They then con- 
ducted me from my House to- the Stone Gaol, and after being lodged 
there 20 minutes, the said Cane and Loring brought in Master James 
Lovell, after searching his Papers, Letters, &c. as they had done mine. 
Cane carried my drawings to show Gen. Gage, next day, and re- 
turned them. 

June 30, 1775. Friday, Continued in the same confinement ; and 
Saturday, Major Harry Rooke took a Book of Religion from Mr. 
Joseph Otis, the Gaol keeper, who told him the Book belonged to 
some of the Charlestown prisoners, taken at Bunker's Hill fight, and 
was given them by a Clergyman of the Town. He carried it to Show 
General Gage, and then brought it back, and said, "It is your G— d 
Damned Religion of this Country that ruins the Country ; Damn your 
Religion.'' I would only add this remark, that this Pious officer holds 
his Commission by a Sacramental Injunction, from his most Sacred 
Majesty King George the 3d. 

From Sunday, July 2d, to Monday, 11th. From the 2d July to the 
17th a Complicated scene of Oaths, Curses, Debauchery, and the most 
horrid Blasphemy, Committed by the Provost Marshal, his Deputy 
and Soldiers, who were our guard. Soldier prisoners,' and sundry sol- 
dier Women, confined for Thefts, &c. We had some of the Vilest 
Women for our Neighbours ; some placed over our Heads, and some 
in Rooms each side of us ; they acted such scenes as was shocking to 
Nature, and used Language, horrible to hear ; as if it came from the 
very Suburbs of Hell. When our Wives, Children and Friends came 
to see us (which was seldom they were permitted), we seemed to 
want them gone, notwithstanding we were so desirous of their Com- 
pany, as they were exposed to hear the most abandoned Language, as 
was grating to the Ears of all sober persons. P'riday, July 7th, my 
Wife came to see me. She has attempted it since, but was denied 
sundry times, and I did not see her again till the 28th July. Wo are 



1865.] A Journal Tcept in Boston Gaol, in 1775. 257 

very close confined, having the Doors open for air, sometimes one 
hour in 24, and sometimes not at all. Monday 17th, my son Tileston 
died, whom I left well in my house ; I was not permitted to attend 
the Funeral, notwithstanding my Letter to the General this morning 
requesting the same, or Dismission, or Trial. This Evening the Pro- 
vost informed us, there was to be held a Garrison Court of Enquiry, 
at Concert Hall to-morrow, in Consequence of my Letter. We were 
desired to prepare for trial. 

Tuesday, ISlh, We were escorted by a strong Guard of soldiers 
from the Gaol to Concert Hall ; Our Room Companions consisting of 6, 
James Lovell.* John Leach, John Hunt, Peter Edes,f and William 
Starr ; also Dorrington, his son and maid, for blowing up Flies. These 
3 last were examined to day, and then we were all returned to Gaol. 

Wednesday, 19^. Escorted from Gaol again, with the additional- 
Company of 3 Sailors, Thieves and House-breakers ; surrounded by 
Soldiers, we made a Curious medley ; the Fly blowers examined, and 
the 3 Sailors. Mr. Hunt, Mr. Edes, and Mr. Starr, were asked who 
prosecuted them, and one Capt. Symmes, of the Regulars, was sum- 
moned by Major Moncreif, as an Evidence against Mr. Lovell and my- 
self. Till this Time we did not know our Crimes, on what account 
we were committed, but now we found Mr. Lovell was charged with 
" being a Spy, and giving intelligence to the Rebels.'' And my 
charge, '' being a spy, and suspected of taking plans." When Capt. 
Symmes appeared, he knew so little of us, that he called me Mr. 
Lovell ; he knew so little of us, that instead of being a just Evidence, 
he appeared ashamed and confounded, and went o£f. At 2 o'clock we 
were sent back to our stone Edifice, under a strong Guard. 

• Mr. Lovell died at Windham, Me. July 15, 1814. at the mansion of the Rev. Peter T. 
Smith, who was son of Rev. Thomas, grad. H. C. 1753 ; was ordained at Windham in 1762, 
dismissed in 1790, and died in Oct., 1826, aged 95. In the Columbian Cmtinel of July 20th 
is the following notice of Mr. Lovell. 

" James Lovell, Esq., Naval Oiticer of the District of Boston and Charlestown, in the 
77th year of his age. Mr. L. was a distinguished teacher in one of the first Latin schools in 
Boston, for many years after he graduated at Harvard University. [He graduated in 
1756.] At the commencement of the revolutionary war, he was a warm advocate for the 
rights of his country, and early l)ccamc obnoxious to Gen. Gage, wIillc the British anny 
held Boston, and in consequence of his firm and independent conduct, was taken up as a 
rebel and confined in prison many months, until the evacuation of the town by the enemy, 
when he was sent to Halifax, and there kept in close confinement for a long time. On his 
return to Boston, in such high entimatioTi was he held by his fellow citizens, that they im- 
mediately elected him Meniber of Congress, in which station he was most useful to his 
country, as during the many years he represented his native State, he was one of the 
Ck>mmltteo of Foreign Correspondence, in which office he was laborious and unremitting in 
faithfully discharging the various and important duties of his very responsible station. 
Before the establishment of the present Constitution of the United States, he was Collector 
of the Cnatoms for Bofton, under the State Government of Massachusetts ; but. ever since 
has been Naval Officer, which station he has filled with fidelity to his country. He was hos- 
pitable and benevolentr— a kind and affectionate parent, and an honest man.' 

He was son of John Lovell— grad. H. C, 1728— who after succeeding Jeremy Gridley as 
assistant, for some years, in the south grammar or Latin school in Boston, was placed at the 
head of the school in 1758. He was " the master " nearly forty years. His son James was 
for many years associated with hhn. — ^Allen*s Biographical Dictionary, 

t Peter Edes was bom in Boston in 1756. son of Benjamin Edes, bom Oct. 14, 1732, who 
was a printer, subseouently. of the firm of Edes & Gill, publishci-s of the Boston Gazette 
and Cotmtry JowrmU, See Re^ister^ xvi. 16. 

Peter Edes was living in 1837, when his diary was printed, in Bimgor, Me., at the age of 
SI. We make an extract from the " Advertisement," as published in the pamphlet. " He 
sacceeded to the occupation of his father, and during his life, until witlim the few last vears, 
he pursued his calling as a Printer with unwearied perscver.moc ; printing and publishing 
1)Ooks and newspapers in Boston and Haverhill in Massachusetts ; in ^wport. Rhode 
IsUuid ; in Baltimore, Maryland; and in HaUowell, Augusta, and Bangor, in Maine." 
Vol. XIX. 22* 



258 A Journal kept in Boston Gaol, in 1776. [July, 

Thursday, 2{^th, Our 5 Room Companions were escorted as before, 
with one Carpenter, a Barber, who swam to Cambridge and back 
again. The said Carpenter and Mr. Hunt were examined. We were 
all sent back to Gaol again, under a strong Guard. This makes 3 days 
we were carried out to Trial, 4 Hours each Time (and nothing asked 
us) under all the disgrace and contempt they could contrive. 

Friday, 2l8t, No Court of Enquiry held, so that we are still held in 
Suspence. We had been in 19 days, when we found out by chance, 
from the Serjeant's returns, what our Crimes were, and yet we were 
ordered to prepare for Trial, and not accused of any thing ; this is a 
most Curious 

[Here is a chasm in the journal, and we give portions of the diary 
of Mr. Edes. 

July 25. John Hunt and a Dutchman, Hyster, discharged. 

July 26. Dorrington, his son and maid, discharged. 

July 30. Mr. Walter Cruise was brought in prisoner from Charles- 
town. He was Corporal among the Riflemen, and was taken in the 
night in endeavoring to take a sentinel of the advanced guard of Bun- 
ker's Hill. 

August 4. Mr. Gill, printer, was brought to prison and put in our 
room. He is charged with printing sedition, treason and rebellion. 

August 9. Some small liberty of the yard ; a poor painter, an in- 
habitant, was put in the dungeon and very ill used by the provost, 
and his deputy, Samuel Dyer ; the then provost turned him out and 
made him get down on his knees in the yard and say, God bless the 
King. 

August 11. Close confined ; the provost would not suffer the doors 
to be opened to put our victuals in, but made us take it through the 
bars ; and we] 

are daily treated with Fresh insults and abuses. To 

day Amos Fisk died ; he was a Charlestown prisoner, and the Pro- 
vost uttered the most horrid speeches, of what would become of his 
Soul and Body. This afternoon my Wife came, and tarried some 
time in the Gaol House before she was admitted, in which Time the 
Provost insulted her, by saying I was a Damned Rebel, and my 
Family the Damnedest Rebel Family in the Country. She was admit- 
ted into our Room a few minutes, and a Serjeant sent in with her, to 
hear the Conversation. The Provost told her she must not come 
again. 

Saturday, \2th. Close Confined. This morning my Wife went to 
the General and got a pass to come and see me ; our Treatment very 
hard on that account, so that we are abused if we Don't complain of 
hard usage, and are abused if we do. The order my Wife got was a 
permit to come and see me ; this is the Copy of it, which I have now 
by me : 

" Mrs. Leach has the General's permission to Visit her Husband, 
providing she carries in no Letters nor brings any out, and the Pro- 
vost is always to hear the Conversation. R. Donkin, 
Aug. 12, 1775. Aidde Gamp. 

To day a poor Journeyman Baker was discharged from Gaol, after 
several days confinement, for speaking saucy to an oflScer. The man's 
name Hytv. The General knew nothing of it, and the poor man was 
obliged to pay a Dollar Fees ; he had no body to complain to. 



1865.] A Journal Jcept in Boston Gaol, in 1776. 259 

Sunday, I3th. Close shut up ; much swearing and Blasphemy, 
Close under our Window, the whole day, by the Provost, his Deputy, 
and our Guard of Soldiers. It seems to be done on purpose, as they 
knew it was grating to us to hear such Language. This morning my 
Wife sent me a Note, in the Foot of a stocking roll'd up. We are 
obliged to act with secresy, as our Victuals, Cloaths and every thing 
are Constantly searched, for Letters and papers. This Note in- 
formed me that my Friend and Relation, Mrs. B , was got well, of 

the small pox in the Country. 

Monday, I4:th. Close shut up : Very much swearing as usual, which 
we are confined to hear. Lucy Pumam,* a negro Woman, dis- 
charged ; she had been confined for attempting to set the Town on 
fire. 

Tuesday, I5ih. Close confined, the weather hot. Died, Capt. Wal- 
ker, a Country Prisoner, from Charlestown. Swearing began at 3 
this morning, and held all Day : The place seems to be an Emblem of 
Hell. At 9 at Night most Horrid Swearing and Blasphemy ; the 
worst man of War, that ever I knew, was nothing to Compare with 
this Diabolical place. Poor Mr. Lovell began to Droop ; he is very 
weakly. It gives us all great Concern, as we were all more afraid 
of sickness in this dreadful place, than any thin^else, but God won- 
derfully preserved our healths and spirits. I did not think we could 
possibly survive such Treatment, but our help was from above. They 
sometimes gave us Water in the pail in the morning, and by the Heat 
of the Weather and our Cell, it grew very warm, and they would not 
Change it, and Damned us, saying we must have that or none. This 
night I watched with Mr. Lovell. 

Wednesday, I6ih, The provost gave orders to the Serjeant of the 
Guard, to keep us Close. We took our Victuals thro' the Bars. Mr. 
Lovell Continues ill. To day Cornelius Turner, another Rifle man, 
was brought to Gaol ; he ran from the Provincial Army, and attempt- 
ed to go back, in a day or two after. He was told by Col. Robinson, 
about 1 o'clock, afternoon, that he must be hanged that day, at 4 
o'clock, and a Minister of the Army came to Visit him, and for sun- 
dry days, to get him to confess all he knew about the Provincial 
Army. He was visited 2 or 3 times a day, by this Chaplain, for seve- 
ral days. 

Thursday, llth. Kept Close all day. One Mr. French, an Inhabit- 
ant, confined in the Dungeon all day, and at night let out, and was 
obliged to fall down on his knees to the Provost in the yard, and say, 
God bless the King. To day, Phineas Nevers, a Charlestown Pri- 
soner, died. James Dickey discharged, and to pay a Dollar Fees ; he 
paid a pistareen, and left his silver Broach in pawn, for 4 more ; the 
Provost kept the Broach, and give Dyer the Pistareen. Also 3 Dol- 
lars was Demanded of Dorrington, and the Provost kept his Bed and 
Bedding 6 days, and then delivered them up. The old Dutchman 
who was Discharged the 25th July, was confined for Complaining of 
the soldiers for Robbing his Garden, which was his whole living, and 
because he had not a Dollar to pay his Fees, the soldiers on Guard 
were ordered, Each, to give him a kick as he went away. 

Friday f" ISlh, Close Confined. Mr. Lovell received an answer 

« Edes has this name, Jjacy Purham. 



260 A JounuU kept in Boston Gaol, in 1775. [July, 

from General Howe, to a Letter he wrote him. Much swearing from 
morning to Night. 

Saturday, 19^. Close Confined ; Dreadful Language from morning 
to Night ; Mr. Lovell Continues poorlye. This afternoon my Wife 
came to ask my advice, about signing, for buying meat, as none were 
to have it but Friends of Government. I told her to sign nothing, 
and trust to Providence, and ask no favours from such Wretches. 
The poor sick and Wounded prisoners fare very hard, are many days 
without the Comforts of Life. Doctor Brown Complained to Mr. 
Lovell and me, that they had no Bread all that Day and the day be- 
fore. He spoke to the Provost, as he had the Charge of serving the 
Bread ; he replied, they might eat the Nail Heads, and knaw the plank 
and be damn'd. The Comforts that are sent us by our Friends we 
are obliged to impart to these poor suffering Friends, and Fee the 
soldiers and others with Rum, to carry it them by by stealth, when 
we are Close Confined and cannot get to them. They have no Wood 
to bum many days together, to Warm their Drink, and dying men 
drink them cold. Some of the Limbs which have been taken off, it 
was said, were in a state of Putrifaction, not one survived amput^ 
tion. 

Sunday, 20^. From before sun Rise till after sun Sett, a Continued 
scene of horrid Swearing, Obscene Talk, and shocking Blasphemy. 
Mr. Lovell very ill, which gives us great uneasiness ; to day we had 
some small liberty of the yard. They practice most Swearing on the 
Sabbath. 

Monday, 2l8t. Most awful Swearing and Blasphemy from morning 
to Night. Mr. Lovell continues ill ; no Compassion towards him any 
more than a Dog. We are all very much troubled for him, but can- 
not help him, any otherwise than by Brotherly kindness, and Tender- 
ness. To day the Provost Cursed and Damned my little Child, for a 
Damn'd Rebel ; he even Trembles at bringing my Diet. 

Tuesday, 22d, A Hot day and Night ; Close Confined. Doctor 
Eliot called at the Gate, and spoke to Mr. Lovell ; he says the Pro- 
vost ordered him not to Come here any more. We can't go to hear 
a Minister and we are denied his coming to see us. 

Wednesday, 2Sd, This Morning, when my son brought my Break- 
fast, the provost said to the soldiers on Guard, G — d Damn that Dog 
(meaning my child), don't let him come up the yard; that Do^ de- 
serves to be shot. In the afternoon Serjeant Neal and Corporal Royal 
were Confined prisoners by the Provost, for giving us air and Fresh 
Water in his Absence. They told him we were almost suffocated 
with Heat ; he replied, G — d Damn them, if they are Dead and Rot- 
ten, my orders to you is to keep them Close. 

Thursday, 24:th, This day Confined 66 days ; the weather exceed- 
ing Hot ; we were close shut up all day. 

Friday, 25th, Last Night Thomas Forakers, Boatbuilder, and his 
servant John Bouve,* were brought to Gaol, on suspicion of conceal- 
ing a man that swam over from Chelsea, upon the false information of 
a very wicked Woman ; and this morning the Boy John Bouve (about 
16 years of age) was put in Irons, in the Dungeon, as he had nothing 
to confess ; he was Examined by Major Sheriff and Major Rooke, and 

* John Rowe is tbe luniie of this lerrant boy, as given hy Mr. Edes. 



1865.] A Journal kept in Boston Gaol, in 1775. 261 

then hand cuffed and put in the Dung^n again. We fed the Boy 
from our Room, and encouraged him to keep up his spirits, by telling 
him they were a pack of Cowardly scoundrels, and dare not hurt the 
Hair of his Ilead. While his Irons were putting on, close by our 
Cell Door, the Provost said to hira, he was a man under sentence of 
Death, and might Choose his Minister to Come and see him, for he 
was to be hanged this afternoon. At 5 in the afternoon, finding they 
could make nothing of him, they took his Irons off, and put him in a 
Room next to ours, among some Soldiers, Thieves, &c. The Weather 
very hot and we close confined all day, 

[We continue our extracts from the journal of Mr. Edes. 

August 26. Close confined. Master Leach's wife denied seeing 
her husband by the provost, though she had a pass. Robert Brick 
was sent off by a guard of armed men, down to Winnisimmet Ferry, 
and put over on the other side ; he has been treated exceeding ill 
since his confinement. In the afternoon, Mr. Forakers and boy dis- 
charged. The provost's deputy, one Samuel Dyer, demanded two 
dollars of Forakers for fees ; he paid him one dollar and left a pillow, 
porringer, &c. pledged for the other. 

August 27. Close confinement, and none allowed to come near the 
bars to speak with us. At 8, P. M. Walter Cruise, rifleman, put in 
the dungeon and in irons. Master Leach's dinner was kept in the 
yard on a hogshead an hour before they brought it to the grate. 

August 28. The air afforded us about an hour. At eight in the 
morning the irons were taken off Walter Cruise. We complained 
about Dyer to the General, about ill usage. No light or fire allowed 
us. At nine at night were threatened with being put in irons if we 
spoke a word at the front gate. 

August 29. Received a proper allowance of bread to-day, of which 
we have been kept short a long time. At 5 in the afternoon it rained 
very hard, at which time the provost ordered our doors to be opened 
for an aring. Dyer tried and acquitted, and ordered to depart the 
province. 

August 30. It rained the whole day, therefore was allowed some 
liberty of the yard if we chose to walk in it. 

August 31. This day 37 days confined, and have had nothing but 
bread and water allowed us. This day each man had served for five 
days; pork, 2 lbs. 10 oz. — butter, 3^ oz. — rice, 1 gill — peas, 1} pint. 
Master Lovell had a half a pound of fresh beef, being sick. 

September 2. The provost served us with 5 wooden spoons, 5 
wooden trenchers, and a pail. 

September 6. The doors open. Master Leach's wife came to see 
him, and was examined about the pass. 

September 10. Doors open ; our Sabbath something quiet ; candle 
light allowed to-night ; it was the provost's compliments to Mr. Gill. 
Have been without candle light and fire 16 nights. 

September 11. Doors open ; candle light as before ; no want of 
swearing ; several females and rogues discharged ; Dyer in his glory 
— he is the provost's deputy, and a very bad man. 

September 14. The doors open, and the rifle-men aired in the yard 
for the first time. We were not suffered to speak to them. 

September 15. Many goods of the inhabitants have been plundered 
by the provost and sheriff Loring, and brought to the prison-house. 



262 A Journal kept in Boston Gaol, in 1775. I'^^Jf 

They made a ^mock) vendue ^them in the prison-house, Loring- ven- 
due-master ; tne provost, his son and Dyer, the bidders — a most curi- 
ous piece of equity. 

Septeniber 17. In the forenoon went to hear Mr. Morrison preach 
in Dr. Cooper^s meeting house. He was formerly minister at Peter- 
boro', and was obliged to quit his people on account of his scandalous 
behaviour. He was in our army at Bunker^ s Hill fight, and deserted 
them about 13 weeks ago. His harangue or tory sermon reflected 
grossly on the ministers of the town as the preachers of sedition, and 
on the people, saying they were ungrateful in being the destroyers 
and murderers of those very people who protected them from the 
French and Indians of Canada. Many tories attended who affected 
to grin, but it was, as Milton expresses it — " horribly, with a ghastly 
smile.'' 

September 18. Master Leach's wife and seven children paid him a 
visit. Dyer discharged, to the great satisfaction of the prisoners. 

September 21. Out of twenty-nine of the Charlestown prisoners, 
only eleven are living. 

September 23. Firing all day at the lines. A captain of the regu- 
lars had a leg shot ofif at the lines. 

September 24. Four prisoners went to meeting ; we were not al- 
lowed the liberty. 

September 26. Old Mr. Howe, a poor insane man, was brought to 
prison at the instigation of Nathaniel Coffin, Jr. and brother. They 
suspected he had stolen from them, and although no proof appeared, 
because they were rank tories, the poor man was unmercifully beat by 
the provost. Also, Mr. Dickman's old negro was served in the 
same manner, to gratify a certain young woman. 

Sqf^ember 26. The Cerberus frigate arrived from England, 7 weeks 
passage, and had been 13 weeks from Boston. She sailed express 
with the account of the Bunker's Hill fight. 

September 29. A rifleman prisoner brought in from Charlestown. 

October 1, 2. Maj. Kemble came from the General with promise 
of relief, on finding two men, inhabitants, to pass their words that we 
should not leave the town. There was no bonds askjsd or given. 
This was offered to Mr. Gill, Mr. Starr, Master Leach and myself— 
nothing was said to Master Lovell, nor any offer made him.] 

[We resume the journal of Master Leach.] 

Tuesday, October 3. Doors open. We were obligated to sign a 
paper that we would not quit the Town, attested by 2 witnesses. 
And the obligation signed by Mr. Gill was refused, on account of my 
being one of the Witnesses. The General pointed to my Name, say- 
ing; " I do not like that Name," and they were obliged to draw them 
over again. 

Wednesday f ith. Was discharged, having been confined 97 days ; 
the first 63 days allowed only Bread and Water. 

In the foregoing Narrative, I have endeavour'd to avoid writing 
with warmth (tho' it might have been pardonable, from the abusive 
usage we met with), least it might be thought I was actuated by pre- 
judice and anger. I must Confess I have been often at a loss to de- 
termine, which they seemed most to deserve, my Anger or my Pity : 
They deserved the former, from the scandalous treatment we re- 



1865.] 



A Joumai kept in Boston Gaol, in 1775. 



263 



ceived ; and the latter claimed a share, from the consideration of their 
being fellow Creatures, made after the Image of the Glorious Creator 
of us all, and by whose restraining Grace alone, we are made to 
differ. 

Teach me to feel another's Woe, 

To hide the fault I see; 
That Mercy I, to others show, 
That Mercy show to me. [Pope*8 Universal Prayer, 

[On the last page of the pamphlet which contains the journal of 
Mr. Edes, we find — "A List of the Prisoners taken at the Battle 
of Bunker's Hill." 



Names. 

Lieut. Col. Parker, 

Capt. Benj. Walker, 

Lieut. Amasiah Fassett, 

Lieut. Wm. Scott, 

Seq't Robert Phelps, 

Phineas Nevers, 

Oliver Stevens, 

Daniel McGrath, 

John Perkins, 

Jacob Frost, 

Amask Fisk, 

Daniel Sessions, 

Jonathan Norton, 

Philip Johnson Peak, 

Benjamin Bigelow, 

Benjamin Winslow, 

Arch. Mcintosh, 

David Kemp, 

John Deland, 

Lawrence SuJlivan, 

Timothy Kettle, (dismissed) 

William Robinson, 

Benjamin Ross, 

John Dillon, 

William Kench, 

James Dodge, 

William RoUinson, 

John Lord, 

James Milliken, 

Stephen Foster, 



Places of Abode. 
Chelmsford. 

do. 
Groton. 
Peterboro'. 
Lancaster. 
Windsor. 
Townsend. 
Unknown. 
New Rutland. 
Tewksbury. 
Pepperrell. 
Andover. 
Newburyport. 
Boston, Mansfield. 
Peckerfield.* 
Billerica. 
Townsend. 
Groton. 
Charlestown. 
Weathersfield. 
Charlestown. 
Unknown. 
Ashford, Ct. 
Jersey, England. 
Peckerfield. 
Edecurah, Scotland. 
Connecticut. 
Marblehead. 
Boston. 
Groton.] 



Gould — Wbntworth — Blanohard. — Yesterday Morning at King's 
Ohappel, Mr, John Gould, jun. of this Town, Merchant, was married to 
Miss Elizabeth Wentworth, an agreeable young Lady, 

We hear from Dunstable, That last Friday Morning the Hon. Joseph 
Blanchard Esq ; died there, much lamented, in the 58d Year of his 
Age. — Boston Oazette, and Country Journal, Monday, April 10, 1768. 



« Fackeiifield, nowKelfon, ObMbireCk)^ New Humptfiire. 



264 Wai of Rev. Thomas Morse. [July, 



WILL OF REV. THOMAS MORSE, OF FOXEARTH, COUNTY 

OF ESSEX, ENGLAND-~1596. 

[Copied by Horatio G. Someeby.] 

In the name of God Amen. I Thomas Morse, Minister of God his 
word in tko Countie of Essex and in the Dyocesse of London, do make 
and ordeyne this my Last [sic] and Testament in manner and forme 
followinge, first althoughe weake in Bodye yet in good and perfecte 
Remembrance thancks be unto God Doe bequeathe my soule to 
almighty God, and my Bodye unto the earthe from whence it was 
taken. Item, I give and bequeathe to my nyne children now lyvinge, 
nyne score Poundes of good and lawful money of Englande, that is to 
Bale, To John, Samuel, Daniell, Joseph, Jeremye, James, Nathaniell 
and Phillipp my sonnes, and to Sara my daughter, and to every of 
them Twentye Pounds att the age of Three and twentye yeares, Sav- 
inge my mynde is that my daughter Sara shall receive her porcon of 
Twenty poundes at the age of One and Twentye yeares. And yf any 
of them doe departe this life before theis yeares of age be expired, 
Then I will that his or her parte or partes be equally devyded amonge 
my children w^ shall be then livinge. I give and bequeathe unto 
Richard Morse my brother, Fortie shillings of lawfull money. Item, 
I give more unto Margarett Morse my sister, Twentye shillings. 
Item, I give unto my eight youngest children Eight Bybles, every of 
them a Byble to be provyded at the cost and charges of my eldest 
Sonne uppon w*^^ Condicon I give hym all my Bookes in my Studdye. 
Item, I give and bequeathe unto the poore of the Parishe of Foxenats 
[Foxearth] Tenne shillings. The rest of my goods, money, plate, 
Bonds, morgages, cattle, household stuffe, or whatsoever else unbe- 
queathed, my Legacyes discharged, I give unto Margaret my wife, 
with condicon to bringe upp my children in Learnynge with all things 
fitt for them untill she shall place them in some honest service, whomc 
I make my sole Executrixe for the performance of this my last will 
and Testament. Also I will that yf Margarett my saide wife doe 
dispose herselfe to marrye, that then she and he whome she shall 
marrye with enter into sufficient Bondes unto my eldest sonne then 
livinge before her marriage for the discharge of all these things which 
concerne here to be discharged in this my will. Also, yf yt please 
God she doth marrye that she doe enter into sufficient Bondes to give 
unto my eight sonns before rehearsed Thirty and fyve poundes equallye 
to be devyded amounge them and unto my daughter Sara tenne 
poundes w^ is all Five and Forty poundes. To be paide w*** in one yeare 
after the marriage of the saide Margaret or att the severall yeares of 
their ages before monconed. And yf she shall refuse to enter into 
sufficient bonds for the discharge of theis Legacies before expressed 
or any parte of them, I then will that my eldest sonne then livinge 
shalbe Executour in her place, and she to resigne all over to hym. 
And he to enter into sufficient bonds to paye unto Margarett my Wiefe 
w*** in one yeare after the takinge of this Office, Fourescore pounds 
of good and lawfall money of Englande, besydes she shall enioye all 



1865.] Will of Rev. Thomas Morse. 265 

my household stoffe and cattell, Onlie my will is that she shall de- 
liver in all my Bonds, morgages and money. And yf any be consum- 
ed, she for to make it good. And that my sonne shall enter into sufS- 
cient Bondes for the discharginge of my will as ys before required of 
my Wiefe. And yf. Margarett my Wife doe departe this liefe unmar- 
ryed, that then my desyre and will is that she geve unto my Foure 
Children which I had by my first wiye Twcntye poundes of good and 
lawiull money, that is eche of them Pyve poundes. And this is my 
true mynde and will the which I doe testefye by my hande and seale 
this Tenth of November, and in the yeare of our Lorde 16W. 

Thomas Morse, his mark. 
In witnes whereof we have setto o' names, 

Richard Carter, 
This will was probated at Lon- Richard Block, 

don April 28, 1697. William Downhs, his mark. 

[The above Rev. Thomas Morse was no doubt the fether of Samuel, 
of Dedham and Medfield, who, aged 60, in 1636, embarked at London, 
having in filial reverence named a son Thomas, who died at Dedham, 
8. p. ; another, Samuel after himself, who returned to England and 
served as Colonel under Cromwell, and four other sons after four of 
his brothers ; and not having enough to go round, he was probably 
suffered to name a grandson Nathaniel towards completing the list. 
Robert, Thomas, Anthony, William and Edward were the great family 
names, both in Suflfolk and Wiltshire. If Rev. Thomas named a son 
Thomas for himself and father, (?) and another Robert for his grand- 
father, (?) they probably died before the date of this will. The bap- 
tismal names of the above sons were peculiar ; only one of them 
occurring on any Morse will discovered prior to 1650. From the 
early adoption of surnames until 1663, both upon the continent and 
in England, the name was invariably spelt Mors, as it still is through- 
out Germany its birth place, probably in the Count de Mors about 
1200-1300. German immigrants have no doubt carried the name 
into Russia. The geographical centre of the name in England was 
the CO. of Sufiblk, where it was not probably planted until after 1400, 
and then by a single family, as their peculiar Christian names in 
1600-1600 in this and conterminous Counties indicate, and as refer- 
ences to each other in their thirty wills show. The Morses of Wilt- 
shire were undoubtedly a colony from Suffolk, for they carried with 
them and transmitted the identical names peculiar to the Morses of 
Suffolk, and still have the same family arms. These perchance might 
have been the arms of the Count de Mors of Nassau, Germany, en- 
rolled by courtesy at the English Herald Office with e final added to 
the name to make it English ; for the arms are too simple and the em- 
blems too ancient to have been conferred so lately as the admission of 
e to the name, and the family claim for them about 200 years higher 
antiquity than the appearance of their name in England, going back 
quite to the age of the German Count. But my correspondence with 
honoured Gent, of the race in Europe, and exploration of ancient 
records in England, are not completed, and more light may yet be re- 
ceived to modify my conclusions. 

Of the early rank of the name little has been gathered. From the 
will of Widow Margaret Mors, probably the great grandmother or 
Vol XIX. 23 



266 Deaths. [July, 

aunt of the Rev. Thomas, made in 1610, it is evident that she owned 
the Church in which she directed her body to be . interred. One, a 
husbandman, held a life lease of a manor ; others had many houses 
and freehold estates ; one owned half of 6 ships,^ another half of 4, and 
quite a number were less interested in navigatio'n. One of their ships 
was probably the famous Speedwell. No mechanics are named in the 
wills before 1636, except one worsted weaver and three cloth work- 
ers. About half were husbandmen, and many bequeathed small sums 
to the poor of one, two, three, and sometimes twenty parishes. Several 
ranked as Gentlemen. Nicholas was Gov. of Bengal about 1760, and 
grandfather of Lord Bixley, Chancellor of the Exchequer. Another 
married Oliver Cromwell, great grandson of the Protector I But no 
one is believed to have been knighted in England before Sir Robert, the 
East India General, about the middle of the last century, who kept and 
transmitted the ancient arms now held by his grandson, a baronet. 

As my working days may not be prolonged to finish an improved 
edition of my Memorial of the Morses, I beg leave to add that no evi- 
dence has reached me of the least connection between Morse and 
Moss, Morris or Moors, or that any two of them have ever been used 
in England as convertible names, or in the United States until since 
1790. Moss, with the Jews a contraction for Moses, is extremely 
common throughout the three kingdoms ; but Morse has never there 
been a very common name, and '* is now rather seldom to be met 
with," and the London Directory confirms it. In the United States, 
the British Provinces and the Eastern Circles of Germany it is very 
common, and may ere long require weeding out, according to the 
German custom of compelling the subjects of an embarrassingly com- 
mon name to choose and take on another. 

Boston, April 12, 1866. Abner Morse.] 

[Rev. Abner Morse corrected a part of the proof of the above com- 
munication, and left in manuscript a few lines to be added, but he de- 
ceased before the type was set for the revised article. He died at 
Sharon, Mass., May 16, 1865, aged 71 years, 6 mos. 11 ds. An obi- 
tuary notice of our esteemed friend and fellow member may be ex- 
pected in a future number. — Editor.] 



DEATHS. 

B&TANT, John, Boston, Feb. 4, in the Hodobs, Capt William Townaend, Co. I., 

86th year of his age ; of the well- 4th Mass. Cavalry, b. in Providence. R. 

known firm of Bryant & Sturgis. I., Oct. 21. 1833. He was second son of 

Chandler.— Mrs. Harriet Tisdale, -wid. CoL Almon D. Hodges, of Roxbury. 

of the late Randolph Chandler, of Pro- Mass., President of the Washington 

vidence, R. I., merchant. She died at Bank, Boston, and former President of 

Thompson, Conn., Sept. 30, 1864, at the the New England Hist. Gen. Society, 

residence of her son, Wm. H. Chandler, William grad. at the English High School 

Esq. She was bom April 9th, 1788, in Boston, in 1850 ; was appointed dig- 

and was dau. of Josiah lisdale by his count clerk in the Washington Bank, 

wife Mary Hodges, dau. of Abiiah and at the age of 19. 

Jerusha (Leonard) Hodges, and grand- He was killed April 6, 1865, in a 

daughter of Capt William Hodges, son fearful cavalry charge made by three 

of John Hodges, an early proprietor and companies of his Regiment, on the Re- 

■etaer in Taunton, Mass. o. be! oayalry, under fiu Hug^ Lee^ at 



1865.] 



Deaths. 



267 



High Bridge near Burkesville, Va., when 
about every officer of this command 
was either killed or wounded. The 
particulars of his death were received in 
a letter from Hon. Frank B. Fay, of 
Chelsea, who in a letter to his father, 
writes, **Your son was engaged in a 
hand to hand fight with a rebel, and had 
unhorsed him by his superior use of the 
sabre, when another rebel shot him in 
the breast with a pistol, and he fell dead." 

The following account copied from the 
Boston Traveller, is correct. " Capt. 
Hodges had recently been at home on a 
furlough, and arrived at the head quar- 
ters of his regiment on the 27th of March. 
The next morning, at three o'clock, his 
company moved forward to the front. 
He was actively engaged during the 
battles which ended in the evacuation 
of Richmond, and took part in the pur- 
suit of Lee, up to the engagement in 
which he lost his life. Capt. H. first 
held a commission as Lieut, in Capt. 
John L. Swift's company of the 41st 
Mass. regiment, and he \xae an honora- 
ble part m the campaigns in Louisiana. 

«* At Port Hudson, volunteers were 
called for, as a forlorn hope, to make an 
assault on the powerful works of the 
enemy, and he was one among the first 
to offer his services for the ouuigerous 
duty. This was quite in keeping with 
the character of the deceased, who was 
a courageous and determined soldier. 
He was a universal favorite among the 
citizens of Koxbury, and he possessed 
in a high degree the confidence of all 
who knew him. Possessed of fine abi- 
lities, with good habits and pleasing 
manners, he seemed to have before him 
a useful and honorable future." 

The 41st Regiment of Infantry, which 
was recruited in August. 1862, was 
changed, by an order from the War de- 
partment after its arrival in LouiBiana, 
to the Third Masioehtuetts Cavalry^ and 
Lieut. Hodges was promoted in April, 
1864, from Lieut of the third to a 
Captaincy in the 4th Massachusetts 
Cavalry, which he held at the time of 
his death. Capt. Hodges' remains were 
brought to Roxbury and placed in 
Forest Hills ; the funeral took place on 
the 24th of April. 

Adjutant Lathrop, of the 4th Mass. 
cavalry regiment, thus alludes to the 
manner of the death of Capt. Hodges in 
a letter to a brother of the deceased, 
dated Richmond, May 5th : 

** I saw but little of your brother in 
the fight, for after the first charge we 
met such overwhelming numbers Uiat it 
was impossible for one engaged to know 
what waa going on a few yards from 



him. I was captured at about the time 
CoL Washburn fell. 

« • Up to that moment your brother was 
unhurt, and with Lieut. Sargent, rallied 
about twenty men and made the last 
charge. At the time of his death the 
Captain was engaged with a rebel major, 
and just as he unhorsed him, he was 
shot through the breast by another rebel 
officer, and died instantly. I regret 
very much that the sabre which he used 
so well in the fight could not be reco- 
vered. Every exertion was made to ob- 
tain it after Gen. Lee's surrender, but as 
Rosser with most of his men had es- 
caped it was useless." 

Lawbbncb, Phineas, Lexington, June 9, 
1864, a. 89 yrs., 3 mos., 21 days, being 
bom in Waltham Feb. 19, 1775 ; a re- 
spectable former, and for several years 
a representative from Lexington to the 
Legislature. 

Lbsube, Mrs. Hannah, Whately, Franklin 
Co., Mass., May 12, 1865, a. 101 
years, 4 months, 12 days; at the resi- 
dence of her son, Samuel Lesure, 
Esq. Her maiden name was Cimimings, 
and she was formerly from Uxbridge, 
Mass. During her long life she was 
never ill enough from any disease to 
require the advice of a physician. Her 
husband, Mr. Samuel Lesure, was a 
soldier of the Revolution, and received 
in battle a musket ball in his groin, 
which he carried to his grave. They 
moved fron Leverett to Warwick in 1803, 
and he died at W. in 1825. 

LiNcoLX, Nathaniel, North Windham, 
Conn., Dec 27, 1864. Mr. Lincoln was 
bom on the 1st day of February, 1771, 
and had nearly completed his 94th year. 
He was bom in the North Windlumi 
district, as was his fisither and grand- 
father before him, where they au lived 
and died. He was the only son and 
child of the late Captain Nathaniel Lin- 
coln, who attained Uie greatest age of any 
man ever bom in Windham, being, at 
his death, 105 years, 3 months and IS 
days old. Samuel Lincoln, the 2d, of 
Windham, the father of Nathaniel, sen., 
reached the age of 101 years, lacking 2 
days, or if we allow for old style, 12 
days, though his gravestone says **in 
y« 102 year of hw age." Samuel, 2d, 
above named, was son of Samuel the 
1st, who settled in Windham in 1693, 
the same year that Samuel, 2d, was bom. 
The united ages of Samuel, 2d, Natha- 
niel, sen., and Nathaniel Lincoln, Jr., 
are according to our reckoning, allow- 
ing for difference in style, 300 years, 2 
months and 2 days, being an average of 
over 100 years each in three successive 
generations. Such another instance of 



268 



Deaths. 



[July, 



family longerity we hardly think can 
be found in the country. 

Mr. Nathaniel Lincoln, the subject of 
this notice, was an honest, upright man, 
much respected and esteemed in the 
community in which he passed his long 
life. He was a true patriot and •• be- 
lieved in Jesus." Mr. Lincoln was twice 
married, first to Miss Anna Stowcll, and 
second to Miss Huldah Warner, who 
survives him. By his first wife he had 
nine children, most of whom survive 
and have families. This venerable fa- 
ther — for years the oldest man in Wind- 
ham — will be greatly missed by his fe- 
mily and the people of North Windham, 
who all regarded the kindly and excel- 
lent old man with feelings of veneration 
and love. — IViUimarUic Journal, Dec. 
29, 1864. 
Lincoln, Abraham, PresidaUofthe United 
Sfaiest Washington, D. C, April 15, 
186.5, a. 56. He was the son of Thoraus 
and Nancy (Hanks) Lincoln, and was 
bom in Hardin, now Lame County, 
Kentucky, Feb. 12, 1809. His grand- 
father Abraham, it is said, was born in 
Berks County, Pennsylvania, went firom 
thence to Virginia, and removed firom 
Virginia to Kentucky, as early as 1780, 
where he was killed by the Indians, in 
1784, leaving a wife and five children : 
Mordecai, Joseph, Mary, Nancy and 
Thomas. Thomas, in 1806, at the age 
of 27, m. Miss Nancy Hanks, a native 
of Virginia. They had three children, 
a daughter and two sons, the younger 
of whom, named after his grandfather, 
Abraham, was the late President of 
the United States. It is supposed 
that this family descended from the 
Lincoln family of Hingham, Mass. The 
uncommon name of Mordecai, and the 
names of Abraham and Thomas, are 
found in the Hingham and Berks Coun- 
ty families. In 1817, the family re- 
moved from Kentucky to Spencer Coim- 
ty. Indiana. The next year the mother 
died. The opportunities afforded Mr. 
Lincoln in his youthful days for literary 
pursuits were small. It is said that 
^£sop's Fables, Weems's Life of Wash- 
ington and Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress 
were the three books of his childhood. 
These he read and re-read till the con- 
tents of each were indelibly unpressed 
upon his mind. In 1830, at the age of 
21, he removed with his father from 
Indiana and settled in Macon co., HI., 
where he helped build a log-house for 
the fiunily, and with the assistance of 
another man, cut and split the rails for 
fencing in ten acres of land. The next 
year he bufit a flat boat and went as a 
trader down the MiasiBsippi to.New Or- 



leans. On his return he was placed in 
charge of a store and mill at New Salem, 
111., where he acqxiired a inowledge of 
English grammar in the intervals of 
attendance upon customers. In 1832» 
at the age of 23, at the breaking out of 
the Black Hawk war, he enlisted, and 
was chosen captain of a company of 
volunteers. Having served nobly through 
the war, at its close he was nominated 
for the Legislature, his precinct giving 
him 277 out of the 284 ballots cast for 
a member. About this time, he began 
to &tudy law, but as he had no books 
and could not afford to purchase them» 
he was under the necessity of borrowing 
some from a neighboring lawyer, which 
would be loaned him for the night, 
when he would pursue his studies and 
return the books promptly the next 
morning. In this way he obtained the 
rudiments of his legal knowledge, and 
soon after procuring some instruments 
and books, with a little instruction be- 
came a skilful practical surveyor. In 
1834, he was elected to the Legislature^ 
and was re-elected for two successive 
years. In 1836, he obtained a license 
to practise law, and in the following 
year removed to Springfield, lUinois. 
He early established ** one rule as a 
counsellor, to defend only what he be- 
lieved to be the cause of justice," so that 
** for him to espouse a cause was almost 
equivalent to gaining it." He became 
popular in that region, and his proceed- 
ings being so characteristic, he was soon 
familiarly known by the appellation of 
" honest Abraham," a title he carried 
with him to his grave. In 1847, betook 
his seat in Congress as the only Whig 
Keprcscntative from his State. On the 
6th of May, 1860, he was nominated at 
Chicago as President of the United 
States, and was elected Nov. 6th. He 
was re-elected Nov. 8, 1864, and " on 
the fourth anniversary of the surrender 
of Fort Sumter, the anniversary also 
of the Crucifixion of the world's Re- 
deemer, Ihcfell by the hand of an assassin, 
and died the day following, mourned 
by a Nation op Freemen. Blessed 
B>. HIS Memory." 

Reed, Mrs. Emily (Wyeth), Boston, Sept. 
19, 1864, a. 65 yrs. 6 days, wife of James 
B. Reed and dau. of the late Jonas and 
Susan (Steams) Wyeth, of Cambridge, 
Mass. 

Smith, Joshua Steams, Lexington, Jan. 7, 
1865, a. 68 yrs. 4 mos. 2 days ; bom 
in Lexin^on May 9, 1796 ; son of the 
late Joel Smith. 

SuLLivAW, Dr. John L., Boston, Feb. 9, 
aged 88. He was the third srn of Gov- 
ernor James Sullivani and fiither by his 



1865.] 



Deaths. 



269 



wife Elizabeth, daughter of HoxuiThomas 
Russell, of Rev. 'n^mas R. SuUivan. 
Dr. Sullivan was in middle life a civil 
engineer, and the continuation of the 
line of the Middlesex Canal beyond 
Lowell to Concord, was constructed 
chiefly mider his superintendence. He 
was also connected with Gen. Bernard 
when ensaged in planning the defences 
of our Attantic Sea board. He publish^ 
ed several pamphlets on professional and 
scientific subnets. 
Ttlbb, Judge Nathan P., at his residence 
in Barryton^-n, N. Y., Dec. 4, 1864. He 
was bom in Sufficld, Hartford County, 
Conn., Feb. 16, 1784. His &ther was of 
Massachusetts, and a Captain during the 
revolutionary war. He had three sons : 
Henry, Nathan P., and Asa — all now 
departed. The father sold his real 
estate in Massachusetts for Continental 
money, which became worthless ; and 
at the close of the War removed to Suf- 
field. Conn. 

Judge Tyler, the subject of this notice, 
went to Blenheim, Schoharie County, 
in ^e State of New York, when only 
seventeen years of age ; and there some 
seven vears following became Postmas- 
ter and Justice of the Peace for twenty 
or more years, until his removal to Bar- 
rytown. He was also a member of the 
Legislature from Schoharie County, in 
the year 1818, and afterwards Judge of 
the Court of Common Pleas of that 
County. In all the positions where- 
in he was placed, he commanded uni- 
versal respect He was possessed of a 
spirit of enterprise and good business 
judgment. In January, 1840, for the 
purpose of location on the Hudson 
river, he disposed of his Farm at Blen- 
heim, Schoharie County, and purchased 
the landing at Barrytown for $16,000, 
and for $3000 the Barge, Duchess 
County, N. Y., where in his advanced 
years, from his peculiar usefulness, he 
was also re-elected a magistrate. He 
was the representative man of the vici- 
nities where he lived — officiated at mar- 
riages, prepared contracts, settled difier- 
enoes. He was an adviser in emergen- 
cies, while also attentive to his own 
Farming and MercantOe pursuits. -^His 
was a strong chuacter for unflinching 
integrity, while his intercourse was 
genUe, and his advice Christian-like 
and reliable. The writer of his Obitu- 
ary, at Red Hook, N. Y., says of Judge 
1>ler : " He was ever ready to extend 
a helping hand to young or old ; and 
especially to persons of slender means, 
with whom he dealt with marked liber- 
ality." He was a leading and active 
member of the Masonic Fraternity. He 
Vol. XIX. 23* 



has left a widow and two sons, Phineas 
and Calvin, and an extensive acquain- 
tance, long to remember the deceased 
with the highest esteem. 
Ward, George Atkinson, died suddenly, 
of heart disease, at his place of residence 
in Salem, Mass., on Thursday evening, 
Sept. 22, 1864, after a day spent as usu- 
al among his friends, apparently as well 
as ever. 

Mr. Ward was bom in Salem, March 
29, 1793, son of Samuel Curwen and 
Jane r Ropes) Ward. He belonged to 
a fjEunuy whose name occupies a large 
space in the local genealogy of that an- 
cient town (see genealogy of the Ward 
family, in Salem, in HUtorictU CoUectiotu 
aftha Essex InstittUe, vol. v. page 207). 
He was educated in the highest school 
of mercantile knowledge, having been 
brought up in the counting room of the 
late Joseph Peabody when that eminent 
merchant was in the full tide of those 
comprehensive and fiar reaching transac- 
tions, which contributed to the prosperi- 
ty of that sea-port, and the commercial 
greatness of this country. At an early 
period he went to the city of New York, 
where he was soon engaged in trade. 
His talents, and address, in a short time 
brought him into notice, and as a mem- 
ber of several successive commercial 
houses doing business on a large scaler 
he enjoyed confidence, prosperity and 
success. Subject to occasional fluctua- 
tions in his aniBiirs, he was ever able to 
exercise a generous hospitality, and to 
gratify his taste for the elegancies of so- 
cial l^e and art, and his liberal spirit in 
the promotion of the welfiure and refine- 
ment of the community. When Cali- 
fornia was opened to commercial activi- 
ty, he was Uiere among the foremost, 
where he resided several years. He re- 
turned to New York, and at his residence 
on Statcn Island, for ten or twelve 
years, enjoyed the society of the as- 
sociates of his more active business life^ 
and his old acquaintances. The last 
year of his life was spent at Salem, his 
native home ;. and although a stranger to 
the present generation, m a few short 
months he had, by his cheering and 
gladdening presence, his courteous man- 
ners, his stimulating infiuence in favor 
of good institutions, so identified him- 
self with the life of society, that his loss 
is felt as a great calamity to the commu- 
nity, and a sad bereavement in private 
circles. 

Mr. Ward was a member of the His- 
torical Societies of Massachusetts and 
New York. He received the honorary 
degree of A.M. from the University of 
New York and from Harvard Coll^. 



270 



Deaths. 



[July, 



He was the last survivor of the original 
Essex Historical Society, instituted m 
1808, since united with the Essex Co. 
Natural History Society under the name 
of the Essex Institute. The Institute 
will remember him as one of its most 
generous and efficient benefactors. 

His literary labors and productions 
have been regarded with great interest, 
and are of permanent value. As a writer 
in Hunf s MerchaiU*a Magazine and va- 
rious other piiblications, he has contri- 
buted extensively to Uie diffusion of 
knowledge. His chief literary work is 
the Journal and Letters of Samuel Cunoen^ 
with illustrative documents and biographi' 
ecU notices, which has been extensively 
noticed at home and abroad ; three edi- 
tions have been, exhausted. The last 
great labor of his life was the prepara- 
tion of a final edition of this work, 
which was given to the public in an 
elegant style and form since his decease. 
It will remain, in the highest class of 
literature to which it belongs, an imper- 
ishable monument to his industry, abi- 
lityand genius. 

He was a man of the purest honor, 
of the truest benevolence, of a noble 
public spirit, and during his whole life 
merited and enjoyed the friendship and 
good will of his associates, and many of 
me most eminent persons, in his own 
and other countries. h. w. 

Wbllinoton, David, Boston, May 31,1865, 
a. 64 yrs. S-mos. 16 days, late of the firm 
of Wellington & Weld, of Boston, 
and son of the late Dea. David Wel- 
lington, of Lexington, Mass. 

Wentworth, Zenas Paine,* at Houlton, 
Me., 2d Sept., 1864 ; bom at Parson- 
field, Mc., 15th June, 1809; graduated 
at D. C. 1836; attorney at law and 
Judge of Probate. He was never mar- 
ried. He was cousin of Hon. Tappan* 
Wentworth, of Lowell, Mass. He was 
son of Tappanft and Elizabeth (Bradbu- 

S) Wentworth, grandson of Evans* and 
orothy* (Wentworth) Wentworth, and 
gr. grandson of Capt. William^ and 
Abra (Evans) Wentworth. This Wil- 
liam' was son of Benjamin* and Sandi 
(Allen) Wentworth. • j. w. 

Whitmaic, Bathsheba, Lexington, August 
20, 1864, a. 87. She was bom in 
East Bridgewater, June 8, 1777. Her 
fiither. Deacon John* Whitman, died 
July 19, 1842,. aged 107 years. She 
was descendant of John Whitman, one 
of the earliest settlers of Weymouth, 
Mass., who came to this country previ- 
ous to Dec., 1638, when he was made 
fireeman. Thomas,* eldest son of John, 
in 1656 married and settled in Wey- 
mouth, but in 1662 removed to Bridge- 



water, and settled in that part of the 
town now known as East Bridgewater. 
Nicholas,' thurd son of Thomas,* had 
his fiither's homestead and lived with 
him. He m. for his 1st wife, Sarah 
Vining, of Weymouth, and by her had 
two sons, Thomas* and John.* John,* 
by his first wife, Mary Richards, had 
no children; by 2d wife, Elizabeth 
Carey, he had Samuel* and John,* the 
latter of whom yrw the centennarean. 
Dea. John* m. Oct. 11, 1764, MissL^- 
dia Snow, by whom he had three chil- 
dren : Lydia,« who m. Ebcnezer Whit- 
man, of Windsor, Mass. ; Elizabeth,* 
who m. Mr. Trowbridge, of Middle- 
boro', Mass. ; and James,^ who settled 
in Belchertown, Mass. His wife died 
April 25, 1771. On the 5th of August, 
1775, Dea. Whitman m. Miss Abigail 
Whitman, by whom he had eleven chil- 
dren : Catherine,* Bathsheba,* the sub- 
ject of this notice, Joeiah,* AlJ&red,* Oba- 
diah,* Rev. Nathaniel,* Hosea,* John,* 
Abigail,* Rev. Bernard,* and Rev. Ja- 
son.* (See Memoir of Dea. Whitman, by 
Ins son. Rev. Jason, printed at Boston, 
1843.^ Miss Bathsheba Whitman early 
manifested a desire to become an in- 
structor of youth, and in 1794, at the 
age of 16,* she was invited to teach the 
central school of her native perish, where 
she commenced her labors almost wholly 
clad in garments spun and woven with 
her own hands. This her first school 
continued six months, vrith much satis- 
focrion to the parents and children of 
the district. She remained the teacher 
of the same district eight summers. On 
the 8th of June, 1800 (her 23d birth 
day), she imited with the ancient church 
of East Bridgewater, then under the 
pastoral care of Rev. Samuel Angier, 
of which she continued a member till 
her decease ; a period of 64 years. 

In the winter of 1800-1, she entered 
as a pupil the Plymouth county acade- 
my, located in the south precinct of 
Bridgewater, named ** Bridgewater aca- 
demy," which had been opened for in- 
struction July 23d, of the previous sum- 
mer, Rev. Zcdekiah Sanger being its 
first preceptor. As might reasonably 
be 'supposed, ardently desiring to be 
thoroughly qualified for the teacher's 
work, she made great progress in her 
studies. 

About the year 1802, she became an 
instructor in the famUy of Mr. Nathaniel 
Gushing, of Pembroke (now Hanson) ; 
and after successfully teaching in this 
family, and in the district school-house 
near by. in 1 804 she received an invita- 
tion from the trustees of Sandwich aca- 
demy to become its preceptress, Mr. 



1866.] 



Deaths. 



271 



Elisha Clapp being preceptor. This 
position she occupied: six seasons. In 
1810 she accepted an invitation from the 
trustees of Bridgewater academy, to take 
the place of preceptress of that institu* 
tion« Mr. David Reed being its precep- 
tor. Here she continued four years. 
In the autunm of 1814 she taught a 

Sirivate school in the house of Rev. 
ames Flint, then pastor of the church 
in East Bridgewater, and also in the fol- 
lowing winter ; boarding, as did several 
of her pupils, in the family of Mr. 
Flint. The next spring she opened a 
school in the house of Widow David 
Kingman, and continued there rather 
more than a year. Leaving ^e King- 
man house she went with twelve pupUs 
to board in her father's house and gave 
instruction there, assisted by her young- 
er sister, Miss Abigail Whitman, a lady 
of culture and very devoted spirit, who 
died of typhus fever, Jan. 8, 1818. 

In 1819 the academy building, which 
had been erected in the centre of East 
Bridgewater by a company of proprie- 
tors, was opened under the instruction 
of Miss Whitman. Having taught in 
this seminary two years eShe went in 
1821 to Billerica, and assisted her broth- 
er Bernard who was engaged in teach- 
ing there. About this time the people 
of Billerica bmlt an academy, and en- 
gaged the services of Blr. John F. Tilton 
as preceptor, and Miss Whitman as pre- 
cei^tress. She continued in this insti- 
tution three years, associated with Mr. 
Tilton, and afterwards with her brother 
Jason, till being seized with fever]which 
left her in feeble health, she was obliged 
to resign her post. 

Returning 1x) East Bridgewater she 
taught in the academy through the 
summer and autumn of 1824, 1825 and 
1826, and in tne winters following 1825 
and 1826 in the north room of the office 
of Bartholomew Brown, Esq. In the 
spring of 1829, although in infirm 
l^th, she kept a school in the hall of 
the Joseph Lazell house. The autumn 
following she returned to the academy, 
and after teaching there one term gave 
instruction the winter ensuing in the 
house of Silvanus Mitchell, Esq. Bhe 
taught in the academy the next summer, 
as also in the warm seasons of 1832, 
1834 and 1835. 

Here we may properly state that her 
love of teaching was so great, that some- 
times in a vacation she became weary of 
absence from school and longed to re- 
turn to it. 

In 1836, having taken up her resi- 
dence in the family of her brother, Rev. 
Jason Whitman, in Portland, as winter 



approached, by way of entertainment, 
she allowed a few pupils to come to her 
rooms each day and receive instruction ; 
but though no advertisement of the 
school was made, and no request on 
her part for scholars, numerous appli- 
cations came from parents in the vicini- 
ty, so that a larger room which she took 
was thronged with pupils, and she ob- 
tained the assistance of a young lady. 
Her labors as a teacher having con- 
tinued in Portland eight years, were 
closed in 1845, when her brother Ja- 
son left that city and became pastor of 
the Congregational church in Lexing- 
ton. 

Her habits of industry continued 
through life. She used in former years 
often, while a teacher in East Bridge- 
water, to embroider in a beautiful man- 
ner daily out of school hours. It was 
a pleasure to her to knit. Her knitting 
even in old age, for her young friends, 
was a curiosity. She would ingeniously 
knit into mittens the initials of the hap- 
py recipients of her gifts. 

In 1851 she undertook the task of 
copying the records of the church in 
East Bridgewater from their commence- 
ment in 1724. Such a work must be to 
a younger person no very easy task ; . 
much patience being requisite some- 
times to decipher the names and dates. 
She finished Uie work in 1852, and the 
round, plain and beautiful hand-writ- 
ing, strohgly resembling copper-plate, 
and which can be read with almost the 
same facility as a well-printed page, is a 
pleasant memorial of her. Having com- 
pleted the copying of these recbrds, she 
entered upon the work of copying the 
records of the Lexington church, a labor 
more arduous than that which she had 
already finished, the latter church datinff 
from 1696.' It may be needless to ada 
that these beautiful records are deem- 
ed by those most interested as invalua- 
ble. 

We have endeavored to give an out- 
line of her services as a teacher, but 
have not enumerated all her schools. 
Some of her former pupils who may 
chance to read these remarks can pro- 
bably rccal localities and dates which 
we have not mentioned, among other 
places Joppa. 

While not employed as a teacher she 
seemed, in thnes of sickness and death, 
to act the part of a ministering angeL 

In the experience of Miss Whitman, 
one fiict can be stated, the like of which 
we have never heard relative to any 
other instructor. Stm taught four getw- 
rationB, 

The funeral lervioe was performed in 



272 



Deaths, 



[July, 



the first parish church in Lexington on 
Tuesday P. M.. Aug. 23d, by Rev. 
Leonard J. Livennore, the pastor, assist- 
ed by Rev. Theodore H. Dorr. Mr. 
liivermore paid an affectionate tribute 
to her exalted character and the pecu- 
liar sanctity of her life. 
WiNSLow, Mrs. Anna, at Williston, Vt, 
Oct. 2, 1864, a. 94 yrs. 2 mos. 17 ds. 
She was the wife of the late Nathaniel 
Winslow, who d. April 13, 1831, at W., 
and dau. of Alexander and Mary (Cal- 
houn) Hannah, of Bethlehem, Conn. 
Her husband, Nathaniel Winslow, b. 
April 9, 1761, Salisbury, Conn., was a 
descendant, of the 7th generation, from 
Edward Winslow, of Droitwich, £ng., 
through Kenelm,* of Marshfield, Na- 
thaniel,^ Kenelm,^ Nathaniel,^ and Na- 
thaniel,« of Salisbury. He m. for 1st 
wife, Anna, dau. of Amos and Pru- 
dence (Sedgwick) Kellogg, of Sheffield, 
Conn., b. July 4, 1766 (see Reg. xiv. 
127), and by her was the father of Rev. 
Miron Winslow, D.D., LL.D., rSee fol- 
lowing notice) ; Rev. Hubbard Wins- 
low, D.D., who d. Aug. 13, and who 
was engaged at the time of his death, 
upon a genealogy of the family ; and 
Rev. Gordon Winslow, M.D., D.D., 
of the U. S. Sanitary Com., who was 
drowned in the Potomac last June, while 
bringing from the field of battle his 
wounded son. Colonel Cleveland Wins- 
low (of 6th N. Y. v.), since died. 
(^ArUet pp. 86, 87.) Within a short peri- 
od two daughters have also died, mak- 
ing the number of seven deaths in this 
family in the space of a few months. 

K. W. 

Winslow, Rev. Miron, D.D., LL. D., at 
Capetown, Cape of Good Hope, Oct. 
22, 1864. He was of the eighth genera- 
tion in descent from Edward Winslow, of 
Droitwich, Eng., through his son Ken- 
elm, of Marshfield, Mass. (sec p. 86 of 
the RegUter), 

Miron Winslow was bom in Willis- 
ton, Vt, Dec, 11, 1789. His father was 
Nathaniel Winslow, a prominent citizen 
of the county, holding offices of trust, 
greatly respected and esteemed by all 
who knew him. Both. of his brothers 
distinguished themselves. The Rev. 
Gordon Winslow, D.D. (vide Register 
for Jan. 1866), and the Rev. Hubbard 
Winslow, D.D., became prominent cler- 
gymen in their respective donomina- 
tions. Dr. Winslow. the subject of this 
sketch, engaged in mercantile pursuits 
at Norwich, Ct., after attaining his ma- 
jority. During an interesting revival 
of religion he became converted. Deep- 
ly impressed with a sense of duty to 
preach the gospel to the heathen, he de- 



voted a year and a half to classical 
studies, and entered Middlebury Col- 
lege, Vt., where he graduated in 1816. 
He also passed some time at New Ha- 
ven, Ct, and received from Yale College 
the honorary degree of A.M. He en- 
tared Andover Theological Seminary, 
Mass., in 1816, and graduated in 1818. 
During his seminary course he preached 
m behalf of the A. B. C. F. M., collect- 
ing funds for the Board. He was or- 
dained in the Tabernacle Church, Salem, 
Mass., Nov. 4, 1818, in company with 
other missionaries. Rev. Moses Stuart, 
D.D. preaching the sermon. They em- 
barked at Boston, June 8, 1819, on the 
brig Indus, for Lidia, and after a voyage 
of five months reached Calcutta. Thence 
he proceeded to Ceylon, and took up 
his residence at Oodooville, July 7, 1820. 
Here he founded a mission, and spent 
sixteen years in the woik. Li 1836, 
Aug. 18, he removed to Madias, and 
foimded that important mission. There 
he remained till his departure from 
Madras, in Aug., 1864. During his 
labors at Madras, he established an 
English High School, or native coll^, 
of which he was President, numbering 
several hundred students. He also su- 
perintended the various native schools. 
The general secretaryship of that, and the 
financial care of other missions devolved 
upon him. Li addition to these oner- 
ous duties he had the care of a native 
church, preaching usually twice on Sun- 
day: An immense amount of printing 
was done by this mission at their estab- 
lishment. Over 220,000,000 of pages 
of Scripture, and nearly 400,000,000 
pages of religious and miscellaneous 
works were printed at the Madras 
Printing Press of this mission. 

The literary labors of Dr. Winslow 
were very numerous and important. 
His earliest work was a History of Mis- 
sions, a duodecimo of 432 pages, pub- 
lished in 1819, at Andover, Mass. He 
prepared a Memoir of Mrs, Harriet L. 
Winslow, which is a standard volume of 
the American Tract Society. While on 
the passage from India to America in 
1866, he wrote Hints on Missions, pub- 
lished in New York. A nimiber of his 
sermons and addresses were published. 
He prepared many printed reports of his 
mission and other missionary opera- 
tions. For over 40 years he maintained 
a constant correspondence with the Mis- 
sionary Heraid. Various scientific, lite- 
rarvand religious journals of Europe 
and America contain numerous letters 
from him. The translation of the Bible 
into Tamil was a labor of many years. 
But his grandest achieyement was the 



1865.] 



N. E. Historic-Genealogical Society. 



273 



Comprehensive Lexicon of the Tamil LoH' 
guage. Here we quote a few remarks 
concerning it from a leading journal of 
the land. **.... he devoted several 
hours a dav for nearly twenty- five years 
to the work. It is printed in the finest 
style of typography, containing 1000 
pages quarto, 68,000 words translated 
into English, of which ahout one half 
were originally collected by the author. 
Not merely are definitions given, but 
shades of meaning and peculiar appli- 
cations. The dictionary contains the 
names of gods, heroes, poets i scientific 
terms and mythological histories ; fitcts 
and illustrations concerning the Brah- 

mair religion, etc The press of 

England and America have bestowed 
high encomiums upon the Lexicon, and 
predicted important results from it" 
The work was published at Madras in 
1862. Another religious journal thus 
refers to Dr. Winslow's services : «« Dr. 
WinsloVs scholarship and labors have 
reflected the highest credit on his native 
land. .... Few men have accom- 
plished so much for their generation, and 
fewer still have wielded so great and 
constant an influence for good as did this 
eminent servant of Christ." 

Dr. Winslow received the degree of 
D.D. from Harvard College, 1858, and 
of LL.D. from Middlebury College, 
1864. He was flve times married, and 
had ten children. 

He married, Ist, 19 Jan., 1819, Har- 
riet W. Lathrop, daughter of Chas. L. of 
Norwich, Ct. By her he had six chil- 
dren— CAa«. Lathrop, b. 12 Jan., 1821, 
d. 24 May, 1832 (a child of much pro- 
mise, whose Memoir is published by the 
American Tract Society) ; Harriet Maria, 
b. 28 Feb., 1822, d. 27 Nov., 1826; 
Joanna, b. 5 Feb., 1825 (married, Ist, 
Rev. Mr. Clark, 2d, Geo. S. King, now 
a major-general in the Confederate Ar- 
my) ; Geo. Morton, b. 12 May, 1827, d. 
15 Aug., 1828 ; Harriet Lathrop, b. 19 



April, 1829, d. 1 Sept., 1861 (m. Rev. 
John W. Dulles) ; Eliza CoU, b. 4 Jan., 
1831, d. 11 Aug., 1861 (m. Henry M. 
Leavitt). Mrs. Winslow died 14 Jan., 
1833. Her Memoir is published by the 
American Tract Society. He m. 2d, 
23 April, 1835, Mrs. Catherine (Water- 
bury) Carman, sister of Rev. J. B. 
Waterbury, D.D., and had one child, 
Catherine Waterbury, b. 2 Feb., 1837, d. 
29 Sept., 1837. She d. 23 Sept., 1837, 
(A Memoir and remains of Mrs. Water- 
bury Winslow, by her brother, is pub- 
lished by the Massachusetts Saboath 
School Society.) He married, 3d, 2 
Sept., 1838, Anne Spiers, of Madras, a 
granddaughter of Lord Dundas, of Eng- 
land, and by her had three sons : Charlett 
b. 5 June, 1839 ; Miron, Jr., b. 28 Aug.* 
1840; Archibald Spiers, b. 10 June, 
1843, d. 11 Aug., 1845. She died 20 
June, 1843. He married, 4th, 12 Mch., 
1845, Mrs. Mary W. (Billings) Dwight, 
widow of Rev. R. O. Dwight. She d, 
20 April, 1852. He m., 5th. 20 May, 
1857, Ellen Augusta Reed, of Boston, 
w. 0. w. 
Winslow, Kenelm, Freetown, Jan. 17, 
1865, a. 77. The deceased was bom 
February 26, 1787, and was a son of 
James and Sarah rBamaby) Winslow, 
grandson of Colonel James and Charity 
podges) Winslow, sieat-grandson of 
Capt. Josiah and Margaret (Tisdale) 
Winslow, gr. gr. grandson of Kenelm 
Winslow, Jr., gr. gr. gr. grandson of 
Kenelm Winslow, Senr., and Helen 
Adams his wife. On the maternal side 
he was a grandson ofCapt. Ambrose 
and Elizabeth (Gardner) Bamaby, great- 
grandson of James and Joanna (Harlow) 
Bamaby, and gr. gr. grandson of James 
and Lydia (Bartlett) Bamaby. He 
owned and occupied through life a form 
purchased by Kenelm Winslow, Senr., 
in 1659, and which has never been out 
of the Winslow fieanily or name. 

E. w. p. 



NEW ENGLAND HISTORIC-GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY. 

NECROLOGY. 

[Prepared by Wm. B. Tbask, Historiographer of the Society.] 

Rafn, Prof. Carl Christian, a corresponding member, died in Copenhagen, Den- 
mark, Oct. 20, 1864, a. 69. He was bom at Braesborg, in the island of Funen in 
Denmark, Jan. 16, 1795. He commenced his studies at his father's house, prosecuted 
them at the college of Odense — went to Copenhagen in 1814. and the same year entered 
the University. At the college of Odense he devoted himself to the study of the 
Icelandic tongue, which in the olden time was the universal language of the whole 



274 N. E. Historic-Genealogical Society. [Julji 

North, where, as in Iceland, it was called the Danish or Old Northern tongue. He 
engaged with still greater ardor in the study of this tongue after entering the Univer- 
sity. From 1821 he was for several years employed at 3ie Library of the University in 
revising the old Icelandic and Old Northern manuscripts called the Arna-Magnean, be- 
queathed by Ami Magnusson, in the year 1730. This collection consists of about 2000 
volumes of ancient laws of the peoples of the North, as well as old historical Scandina- 
vian works. This revision facilitated in a great degree the study, to which he after- 
wards devoted himself with such indomitable energy. He commenced, in 1821, his 
literary career with a Danish translation of the mythico-historic sagas of the North. 
This work was published in 3 volumes. In 1826 he received the degree of Doctor 
philosophise, and in 1826 was nominated Professor. In 1830 he took the degree of 
Doctor of Law, and in 1839 the King of Denmark nominated him Counsellor of State. 
He was instrumental in founding a public and diocesan library in Iceland in 1818, in 
the Faeroe Islands in 1827, and at Godthaab, for the Danish colonies in Greenland, in 
1829. 

Prof. Rafii felt the importance of the ancient literature of the North. He had a 
strong desire that the immense number of manuscripts which contained this literature 
should not only be carefully preserved, but that a permanent public institution miffbt 
be established with the design of facilitating the study and propagating the knowledgv 
of this literature. Having digested the plan, a meeting of the antiquaries of the North 
was held Jan. 26, 1825. The rules for the society he intended to establish were then 
made known, and all the essential provisions of these rules were admitted. He was 
appointed Secretary of the Society, and director of the scientific committees of the same ; 
these were permanent untQ his death. He was also charged vrith the editing of all 
the works, published by the Society, which at the beginning of 1856 numbered 90 
volumes. The Society, after three years existence, was made a public and Royal insti- 
tution by the King of Denmark, under the name of ** The Royal Society of Northern 
Antiquaries." Amongst its Fellows and Founders are men of the highest note, sove- 
reums, statesmen and distinguished scholars of Europe, Asia and America. 

Of ^e works in which Prof. Rafii took a most active part may be mentioned the first 
aeries of the historic sagas, published in the original text with a Latin and Danish 
translation, in 36 volumes. He published separately in the years 1829 and 1830 the 
mythico-historic sagas, with a translation, in 7 volumes ; xa critical and complete edi- 
tion, collected from about 100 ancient manuscripts on parchment and other ancient 
Icelandic books, and a history of the inhabitants of the Faeroe islands. One of his 
meet important works was his ATUiqitaUUes AmerioatuB — a collection of all the records 
contained in the old sagas, annals and geographical works of the North — voyages of 
discovery by the ancient Scandinavians in America during the 10th and to tiie 14th 
century, inclusive. This work was published in 1837, in imperial quarto, with 18 large 
engravings, containing fac similes of manuscripts, maps and drawings of the monu- 
ments. JBy these documents it is shown that this country was visited by the ancient 
Scandinavians in the eleventh century — that they repeated their visits and had tempo- 
rary settlements on our coasts, particularly in Massachusetts and Rhode Island. The 
memoir of Prof. Rafii relative to America has been translated into many languages, 
almost at the same time in Russian, Polish, Bohemian, New Greek, and in die lan- 
guage of the Magyars, and the Spanish and Portuguese authors brought it to the 
knowledge of their countrymen. It has been published in some form in the shape of 
extracts or separate treatises, in Madrid, Havanna, Carraccas, Rio de Janeiro, Valpa- 
raiso and Lima. Soon after the work was published, it was noticed by the late Edward 
Everett in the North American Review for Jan., 1838, who concludes thus : " It is 
one of the most valuable contributions ever made to the study of the history and geo- 
graphy of our continent.*' 

Inot Rafn took part in editing the Historical Monuments of Greenland (GrOnlanda 
hittoriake Mindeamcerher) in three volumes. The Historical Monuments of Iceland 
was just begun. It was intended to be a work in several volumes containing all the 
writmgs of the sagas that relate to Iceland. He also edited a work of historical 
documents, throwing light on the history of Russia and the East from the remotest 
times down to the middle of the 15th century. These documents are accompanied with 
a fiicmmile with an exact description of the most important parchments. The two 
volumes that have been published of this work, contain a collection of authentic docu- 
ments, written in Icelandic or in the ancient language of the North, and are well adapted 
to elucidate the ancient history of the eastern countries. These writings were followed 
by another class of historical sources, the runic inscriptions, the first part of which 
has appeared, entitled Antiquitiea de V Orient, 

Prof. RafioL became a member of this Society in 1860. " In spite of delicate health, 



1866.] N. E. Historic-Genealogical Society. 275 

during the latter years, he was always indefiEitigable and inspired with a noble passion 
for the science to which he had devoted his life, and to the last he was oocupi^ with 
Tast plans and with Yoluminous works for the benefit of the Northern antiquity." He 
leaves a widow and five children, four daughters and one son, Carl Hjahnar. The 
maiden name of his wife was KjoUby. ProL Borring has written a notice of Prof. 
Bafii, from which we have compiled our notice. The pamphlet, printed at Copenhagen, 
was accompanied by a letter from the widow of Prof. Bafn, dated Nov. 8th, also a 
Latin Ode. 

Leonard, Rev. Levi Washburn, D.D., a corresponding member of the Society, 
died at Exeter, N. H., Dec. 12, 1864, a. 74. He was son of Capt. Jacob and Mary 
(Swift) Leonard, and was bom in the then South Parish of Bridgewater, now Bridge- 
water, Mass., June 1, 1790. His mother was a daughter of Isaac Swift. His preparatory 
studies for college were pursued at Bridgewater Academy, then in charge of Rev. Zede- 
kiah Sanger, D.I). He graduated at Harvard College in 1815 ; was preceptor of the 
Academy in his native town two years ; studied divinity at Cambridge ; was ordained 
minister of the First Congregational Society in Dublin, N. H., Sept. 6, 1820. He m. 
Ist, Sept 8, 1830, Elizabeth Morison Smith, dau. of Samuel Smith, of Peterborough, 
N. H. She died Sept 13, 1848, aged 43, leaving two children:— 1, WiUiam Smiih, 
b. Oct. 13, 1832, grad. at Dartmouth College— studied medicine at Hanover, N. H. — 
settled in Hinsdale, Yt, as a physician— m. June, 1861, Martha D., dau. of Jackson 
Greenwood, of Dublin, N. H. ; 2, Ellen Elizabeth, b. June 25, 1846, a school teacher 
in her native town. 

Dr. Leonard m. for his 2d wife, Mrs. Elizabeth (Dow) Smith, widow of Samuel G. 
Smith, of Exeter, N. H. (a brother of his first wife) dau. of Jeremiah Dow, of Exeter. 
By this marriage Dr. L. had no children. His wife, by her previous marriap;e, had 
three children, daughters, two of whom are now living, marri^. Dr. L.'s widow is 
BtHl living in Exeter. 

Dr. Leonard remained minister at Dublin 35 years. <* The key-note of his life was 
struck in his reply to the Prmdent of the College, when told that he must not 
think of spending his life in an obscure country town, but it would do for an intro- 
duction to a better place, — If I find there a people whom I can benefit^ I ahaU ttay with 
them," and he did stay with them, and was their pastor till death. He has been called 
'* the Oberlin of the Monadnock," and he was eminently entitled to the appellation. 
'* The hold which he took upon that rough mountain town on the spurs of die grand 
Monadnock, will ever remain as a singular phenomenon in the history of the ministe- 
rial vocation." He was a Christian educator and philanthropist, a leader and regene- 
rator. As Chairman of the Superintending School Committee of the town, he made 
reports, suggested improvements, corrected errors, ** and soon rendered the schools of 
Dublin mc^els of their kind." In the Sunday School and in the Lyceum, he exerted 
an influence and a power truly wonderful. ** He was one of the earliest, if not the first 
founder of a Sunday School Library in New England." He devoted much attention to 
the science of entomology. " The late eminent entomologist. Dr. Thaddbus W. Hab- 
Bzs, in his great work on the Inaecte injurioue to Vegetation, makes frequent acknowledg- 
ments of his indebtedness to Dr. Leonard, and dedicated one species, Hesperia Leo- 
nardut, to him. He was also one of the most active of the editors of the Christkm 
Hymnt, which is extensively used in our Unitarian Churches." As the author of valua- 
ble school books he is wid^y known. In 1849, his Ahna Mater conferred upon him 
the degree of S.T.D. His connection with his Society in Dublin was never wholly 
withdrawn. The people of his charge would not permit the relationship between them 
to be formally dissolved. After a ministry of five and thirty years, in June, 1855, Rev. 
William F. Bridge was ordamed as his colleague, and Dr. L. still remained senior pastor 
of the church. Li 1854, he went to reside in Exeter, where for eight years he edited 
the Exeter News Letter, withdrawmg from that paper in July, 1863. He died in Exeter, 
but was buried with funeral honors in Dublin, on the 15th of December. This town 
is his monument A commemorative discourse, at the funeral, was delivered by Rev. 
J. C. Learned, a native of Dublin. It was considered eminently appropriate to the 
oocasion. 

llie published works of Rev. Dr. Leonard are the following :— In 1826, Literary 
and Scientific Class Book; 1829, Sequel to Easy Lessons; 1835, North American 
Spelling Book ; 1844, '46, Reports of Schools in Dublin ; 1844, Remarks on modes 
of Instruction ; 1848, The Natural and the Spiritual man, a Tract; 1848, Analysis of 
the Elementary sounds of the English Language, vrith a Chart, &c. ; Sermon on the 
25th anniversary of his Ordination ; 1851, Lecture before the N. H. Education Insti- 
tolfl^deUTeredinEeene; 1845, one of the CompUers, appointed by the Cheshire Pasto- 



276 N. E. Historic'Genealogical Society. l^^^J) 

ral Association, of the ChristiBxi Hymns ; 1853, A Sennon at the dedication of the new 
meeting house in Dublin ; 1865, Compiler and Editor of the History of Dublin, 
8yo. pp. 453. 

In 1852, Rev. Dr. Leonard and Samuel Abbot Smith compiled a Genealogy of the 
Family of William Smith, of Peterborough, N. H. 

Fox, John LaMrrence, M.D., a resident member, died in Roxbury, Dec. 17, 1864, a. 
53. He was a son of Ebenezer and Susannah (Patterson) Fox, and was bom in 
Salem, Mass., Jan. 8, 1811. His father, son of Dr. Jonathan Fox, of Hollis, N. H., 
was born in Hollis, April 6, 1783, and m. Susannah Patterson, of Salem, Mass. (a 
dau. of Wm. Patterson, of Salem), April 2, 1808. She was bom Feb. 6, 1790. 

John Lawrence Fox was prepared for college at the Latin school in his native town 
of Salem, while it was under the direction of Mr. Ames, and graduated at Amherst, 
in Uie class of 1831. He pursued his medical studies at Philadelphia, and with the 
late Dr. A. L. Peirson, of Salem, and received a medical degree at Harvard College in 
1835. " After an interval of two years, devoted in part to classical teaching, but chiefly 
to studies connected with his profession, he passed a most honorable examination, and 
received the appointment of Assistant Surgeon in the IT. S. Xavy, his commission 
bearing the date of Sept. 6, 1837." He was promoted to the surgeoncy Aug. 16, 1847. 
For " a period of about twenty-seven years his services have been in almost constant 
requisition — thirteen years and eleven months having been passed in sea service, and 
eight years in the charge of the Naval Hospitals at Chelsea and Brooklyn, and as an 
assistant in the Medical Bureau at Washington." 

" His earliest cruise of importance was with Capt. Wilkes in the exploring expedition ; 
and during the four and a half years to which it was protracted, he discharged his 
arduous duties with signal ability, and secured a reputation and pcmularity which 
told much to his advantage in procuring desirable appointments in his subsequent 
cruises. Early in the spring of the present year [1864] he was appointed Fleet Sur- 
geon of the North Atlantic blockading Squadron, then rendezvousing in the neigh- 
borhood of Fortress Monroe. Under a pressure of responsibility, second to none but 
that of the Admiral himself, involving the general supervision of the medical staff of the 
whole fleet — the largest and most formidable, perhaps, that history has recorded — he 
worked on most indefatigably, till his naturally robust constitution yielded under the 
burden, and he reluctanUy consented to a temporary withdrawal from the scene of his 
labors. He reached his home at Roxbury, about a fortnight since, in a state of great 
prostration, and failed gradually until death set a seal to his earthly record. His de- 
votion to the service of his country in this hour of her stem trial will be the brightest 
item of that record — to tear himself from this service cost him the severest struggle of 
his life. * Let me die at my post,* was the last aspiration of his patriotic soul, as he 
was almost literally forced from his ship by the more considerate hand of fraternal 
affection." Salem Register^ Dec. 22, 1864. 

He married Elizabeth Amory Morris, dau. of the late Commodore Charles Morris, 
United States Navy, June 16. 1847. 

Dr. Fox was elected a resident member of the Society in 1857. He took a deep 
interest in the welfare of the institution, and his occasional presence — when a relaxa- 
tion from his pressing duties favored him with the privilege — shed a beam of warmth 
and radiance into the hearts of those who came in contact with him. 

Harris, Dr. Luther l^etcalf, a resident member, died at Jamaica Plain, West Rox- 
bury, Mass., Jan. 28, 1865, a. 75 years 8 months. He was the third son and fifth 
child of John* and Mary (Niles) Harris, and was bom in Brookline, May 7, 1789. 
He was of the fifth veneration in descent from Robert and Elizabeth (Boughey) Har- 
ris, who were married in Roxbury, Mass. —as appears by the record — Jan. 24, 1642-3. 
Their third child, Timothy,' b. July 9, 1650, m. April 2, 1697, Abigail, dau. of Thomas 
and Susanna Morey*'of Roxbury. They were the parents of John,' b. March 23, 1709, 
who for his second wife, m. April 16, 1747, Esther, daughter of Thomas and Lydia 
Metcalf, of Needham. John,* fourth child of John,' and second child of Esther 
(Metcalf) Harris, b. Oct., 1750, m. Mary Niles, of Randolph, March 2, 1780. These 
were the parents of Dr. Harris, our deceased member. Dr. Harris received his ele- 
mentary education at the district school in his native town of Brookline— studied 
Latin and Qreek — entered an apothecary's shop when 15 or 16 years of age, and re- 
mained there 15 months *' compounding the best recipes.'' He was fitted for college 
by Rev. Dr. Strong, of Randolph, eatored sophomore in 1808 at Brown Uniyersity, 
•ad graduated in 1811. He ttodied medicine with Dr. Le Baron, of Jam«ic» Pkin— 



1865.] N. E. Historic-Genealogical Society. 277 

was appointed surgeon and stationed at Fort Independence in Boston Harbor, in 1814 
— went to Orford, N. H., in March, 1815, where he practised five years. After a 
few months at l^lilton he removed to Jamaica Plain, in 1820, where he. engaged in the 
practice of his profession. In 1823 he joined the Massachusetts Medical Society; 
and in 1851 he was made a menyber of our Society. 

He m. Nov. 9, 1817, Lucy Button, dau. of Major John Mann (the first male child 
of European extraction bom in Orford, N. H.). She was bom March 24, 1795. They 
had 8LZ children, four sons and two daughters — Lydia Mann, John Adams, WilUam 
La&yette, George Washington, Ellen Maria, Robert. Four of the children with thdr 
mother survive. 

The father of Dr. Harris inherited from his father the old homestead which had 
descended from the first ancestor, Robert It was sold in 1828, after it had been in 
possession of the family nearly 175 years. 

<* Through a long and useful life, he industriously and unostentatiously labored for 
the good of others, in private services, and in public office, with unaffected simplicity — 
happy in the conscious effort to be useful. Remarkably unassuming, he rather waited 
thab sought opportunity. Ever ready to yield his claims for preferment, he desired no 
prominent part, content to serve wherever needed — 

* Nor enrj nor ambition knew.* 

<* Studiously inclined, he gave much time to literary pursuits, and especially to musiCt 
which he highly appreciated, and for which he had a refined taste. His latter years 
were pleasantly passed in genealogical researches, until a gradually deepening doud 
obscured his intellect. Tenderly cared for by wife and children, most kindly esteemed 
by neighbors and friends, he peacefully deceased." 

Dt, Harris was an agreeable gentleman. We can bear witness to his urbanity and 
geniality of character, for we have passed many pleasant hours in his company, and 
have been by his hospitality and his conversation entertained and instructed. 

He has contributed several articles to the Register, among them the ** Metcalf Gene- 
alogy." rMetcalf was the maiden name of his grandmother.) In 1861, he published 
the genealogy of Robert Harris and his descendants, with notices of ihe Morey and 
Metosdf fiuxulies, in a volimie, 8vo. pp. 56. 

PROCEEDIKOS. 

Boston, Wednesday, March 1, 1865. — A stated meeting of the Society was held this 
afternoon, at their rooms. No. 13 Bromfield street ; the president, Winslow Lewis, M.D., 
in the chair. *" 

Rev. Henry M. Dexter, the corresponding secretary, reported that letters accepting 
membership had been received from the following gentlemen, namely : — 

Rmdent — Rev. Richard M. Hodges, of Cambridge ; Hon. Stephen Fairbanks, Harvey 
Jewell, Edward C. Wilson and William Veazie, of Boston ; George S. Page, of New 
York city ; Rev. Charles E. Lord, of South Easton ; and Otis B. Bullard, of Holliston. 

Corresponding — Erastus E. Gay, of Burlington, Iowa. 

John H. Sheppard, the librarian, reported that there had been added to the library, 
by donation, since the last meeting, 1 1 volumes, 64 pamphlets, several newspapers, and 
a volume of the Boston Gazette for 1807. 

Fourteen gentlemen were nominated by the Directors for resident membership, and 
on a ballot being taken, were all elected. 

William B. Trask, the historiographer, read biographical sketches of Rev. Benjamin 
Huntoon, of Canton, a resident member, who died April 19th, 1864, aged 71 years ; and 
of Prof. Benjamin Silliman, LL.D., of New Haven, Ct., an honorary member, who 
died Nov. 24th, 1864, aged 85 years. 

Rev. Dorus Clarke, from the Committee, reported favorably upon that portion of the 
president's annual address relating to the delivery of a course of Lectures on History, 
under the auspices of the Society. The report of the Committee was accepted, and re- 
ferred for action to the ffovemmcut of the Society. 

David Pulsifer, in a few cogent remarks, called the attention of the Society to> the 
importance of petitioning the Legislature to carry out the recommendation of the Gov- 
ernor by publishing the early Statutes of Massachusetts, now very scarce, only one 
copy in fact existing. The subject was referred to the government of the Society, with 
liiU powers. 

Samuel G. Drake offered the following resolutions, which were unanimously 
adopted: — 

Bstolvedt That this iociety has heard, with deep regret, of the death of Nathaniel 
Vol. XIX. 24 



278 N. E. HUtoric-GeneaJogical Society. [JqIJ; 

Chauncey, Esq., one of the Honorary Vice Presidents of this Institution, with which 
he has been for many years associated ; that his death is not only a loss to his immedi- 
ate family and friends, but also to literature and to a wide and appreciative community 
of co-laborers in a field, which, though but recently under cultivation, is now admitted 
to be one of great importance both to the present and future generations. 

Betolvedt lliat the sympathy and condolence of the society be tendered to the 
bereaved family. 

Dr. Lewis, the president, in a few interesting and pertinent remarks, called the atten- 
tion of the society to the fact that the 18th of the current month is the 20th anniversa- 
ry of the incorporation of the society. It had existed long enough to prove it to be 
eminently a success. He referred particularly to its progress within the last few years. 
It had paid its way, and was now, by the skilful management of its finances and by 
donations, possessed of conaiderablc funds, and of more treasures of historical value in 
some particular branches, in manuscripts and books, than are to be found accumulated 
in any other place in America. He spoke of the valuable quarterly periodical pub- 
lished by the society, the New England Historical and Oenealogical Register, as contain- 
ing more dates and £&ct8 of historic value than are to be found in tike same compass 
anywhere else. 

E. R. Himiphreys, LL.D., Principal of the Collegiate School, Franklin Square, and 
one of the officers of the society, was then introdu^ by the president, and gave an 
eloquent and learned discourse on the *< Life and Era of John Wickliffe." The four- 
teenth century was an age prolific in great deeds and great men, a £sict of which the lec- 
turer fully availed himself^ for he not only gave all the more prominent and salient 
points of Wickliffe's life, illustrated by many happy quotations, but he reviewed the 
contemporary history of Europe and of Asia, bringing before his hearers alternately 
graphic sketches of Timour, the great Tartar Conqueror, of Petrarch, the peaceful poet, 
of Edward 3d, the warlike monarch, and Rienzi, the last Tribune Champion of Roman 
liberty, of Geoffrey Chaucer, the old English poet, and Abulfeda, the Saracen astrono- 
mer. The lecturer traversed a wide and most interesting field, and was listened to with 
close and chained attention by a very full audience of ladies and gentlemen. 

The thanks of the society were voted to Dr. Himiphreys for his able address, and a 
copy was requested for the society. 

Bottan, Aprils, — A quarterly meeting was held this afternoon, at the society's rooms, 
thepresident in the chair. 

Trie corresponding secretary reported that letters had been received from the follow- 
ing gentlemen, accepting resident membership, namely : — Austin Sumner, C. T. 
Dunklee, E. H. Judkins, W. V. Spencer, George J. Fiske, W. S.Anderson, and Wil- 
liam II. Dennct, all of Boston ; Williams Latham, of Bridgewater ; Edward J. Forster 
and Edwin F. Adams, of Charlestown ; and Nahiim Jones, of Dorchester. 

The librarian reported the donations during the last month, namely, 20 volumes and 
89 pamphlets. 

The historiographer read biographical sketches of Prof. Carl Christian Rafn, of 
Copenhagen, Denmark, a corresponding member ; and of Dr. Luther Metcalf Harris, 
of Jamaica Plain, and Dr. John Lawrence Fox, XJ. S. Navy, of Rozbury, resident 
members. 

Three gentlemen nominated by the Directors for resident members, and one nomi- 
nated as a corresponding member, were balloted for, and all unanimously elected. 

Col. Samuel Swett, of Boston, read a short, but very interesting, paper on the sur- 
name of Swett. 

Samuel Bumham, of this city, read a paper on American Antiquities, more especially 
those in the Valley of the Mississippi and its tributaries. The portions read placed the 
whole subject of antiquities before the society in a concise and intelligible manner, 
showing much careful study and sharp discrimination. Reference was first made to 
rains found in different parts of the world, and many features in them pointing to a 
common origin ; then the ruins in America were properly grouped and classified, and 
the difference shown between what are evidently the works of Indians or their imme- 
diate ancestry, and those of anterior races. Giving but a casual glance to the Indian 
antiquities, tie wonderful structures of the West and South were carefully considered, 
and reduced to two apparent classes. Military and Religious, with various subdivisions 
naturally suggesting themselves. Each classification had its illustrations, that it might 
be more clearly fixed upon the mind. It is understood that Mr. Burnham has made 
these antiquities a special study, and purposes publishing his researches, which pro- 
mise a valuable volume upon a most interesting topic, and it is to be hoped that he will 
proaecute the work to an early completion. 



1865.] 



Current Events. 279 



It being announoed that Dr. Winalow Lewis, the president of the society, was to 
leave in the next Wednesday's steamer, for England and the continent, on a tour of 
health and pleasure, Mr. Sheppard offered the following resolution, which "wbs unani- 
mously adopted : — 

Besoivedf That the heartfelt thanks of the society are due to its president, Dr. Lewis, 
for the lively interest and cordial fellowship he has ever felt and exercised towards all 
with whom he has here been associated ; that our hearty good wishes go with him for a 
pleasant and prosperous voyage and a safe return to the scene of his usefulness. 

Boston f May 3. — A stated meeting was held this afternoon, at the society's rooms, 
Rev. Martin Moore, vice preaident, in the chair. 

The librarian reported as donations since the last meeting, 4 volumes, 67 pamphlets, 
and a file of the New York Evming Post for 1864-5. 

The corresponding secretary reported letters accepting resident membership, to which 
they had been elected, from Charles W. Tuttle, Alfred Mudge and Abraham Avery, 
all of Boston. 

One gentleman nominated by the Directors for resident membership, was balloted for 
and unanimously elected. 

The historiographer read a biographical sketch of the late Rev. Levi W. Leonard, 
D.D., of Exeter, N. H., a corresponding member. 

Rev. Henry M. Dexter offered some resolutions upon the death of Abraham Lincoln, 
President of the United States, which were unanimously adopted. 

Rev. Ellas Nason then deUvered an eloquent eulogy upon President Lincoln, which 
has beei) published in a pamphlet. 

John H. Sheppard read a few lines upon the Funeral of Abraham Lincoln^ which 
have been printed as an appendix to Rev. Mr. Nason's address. 

Hon. Henry Wilson followed in a brief eulogy. He corroborated, from personal ob- 
servation and intercourse with the late President, many of the traits of character that 
Rev. Mr. Nason had dwelt upon. The nation, he thought, had failed to comprehend 
fully the character of Abraham Lincoln in all its proportions ; but now that he had 
suddenly fallen, in the moment of crowning victory, the people were beginning to do 
justice towards their lost leader. He would pass into history as the foremost man of 
the age. Mr. Lincoln was a genuine product of our Democratic institutions, and had 
a Uving &ith Sn their permanency. His sympathy for the poor and oppressed was 
hearty and genuine. Of his 'mind, one oharaoteristic was the power of stating an ar- 
gument clearly, and of qidckly detecting r fallacy. He had frequently a remarkable 
felicity of expression. There were many phrases of power and beauty in his letters 
and speeches, llie speech at Gettysburg was instanced as containing some of me no- 
blest utterances of any age. 

Brief remarks were alra made by Rev. Henry M. Dexter and Rev. Dorus Clarke, 
after which the meeting was dissolved. 



CURRENT EVENTS. 

By Rev. EtiAs Nason. 

[Continued from page 393, Vol. xrlU.) 



Sbptembeh, 1864. 

19. Battle of Winchester. Va. The Rebels, under Gen. Early, defeated by Union 
forces under General Philip H. Sheridan. 

22. Battle of Fisher's Hill, three miles beyond Strasburg, Va. ; m which Gen. 
Early is again' defeated by our gallant troops under the intrepid Sheridan. 

Gold is quoted at 2.22. 

24. The Hon. William Dennison is appointed Postmaster General of the United 
States, vice the Hon. M. Blair. 

29^ The Rebels defeated at Pilot Knob, with severe loss ; Gen. Ewing is neverthe- 
less compelled to retire before the superior numbers of Price. 

Gen. E. O. C. Ord carries the enemy's entrenchments at Chapin's Farm, taking 
some 20 guns. He is wounded. 

30. The Rebels are repulsed in an attack on the 10th and 18th corps, the latter 
under Gen. Godfrey Weitzel. 



2«0 Current Events. [July, 

October, 1864. 
1. The enemy attack Gen. Ayre's division of the 5th corps, also Gregg's Cavalry, 
and in both instances are driven back. 
The llebcl debt is $1,147,976,208. 
4. Annual meeting of the American Board of Foreign Missions at Worcester, Mass. 

6. Kebels defeated at Allatoona by our troops under Gen. John M. Corse. 

7. Capture of the «« Florida," at Bahia, Bay of San Salvador, Brazil, by U. S. 
steamer *« Wachusett," Capt Collins. 

8. Brilliant cavalry engagement, in which Gen. Sheridan captures eleven guns 
from the Rebels under Gen. Kosser. 

10. The blockade-runner •• Jlat" is captured by the Montgomery. 
12. Chief Justice R. B. Taney dies, aged 87 years. Admiral D. D. Porter as- 
sumes command of the N. Atlantic Squadron. 

16. The Rebels under J. Thomson take Sedalia, Mo. — Dr. J. W. Scribner, author 
of Legends of Laconia, dies at Lowell, Mass. 

17. Gen. Beuuregaid assumes command of the Rebel military division of the West. 

18. Gen. Longstreet occupies Fisher's Hill. Maj. Gen. D. B. Bimey dies at 
Philadelphia. He was a son of the celebrated J. G. Birney. 

19. Gen. Sheridan's splendid victory over Longstrect's forces at Cedar Creek, Va. ; 
over 50 guns taken. A Rebel raid into St. Albans, Vt. The banks robbed and two 
citizens killed. A Federal victory at Lexington, Iklo. 

21, 22. Hard lighting between Price and Plcasanton in MissourL 

23. Great fire at Eastport, Me. ; most of the business part of the city destroyed. 

20. Pleasanton defeats Price at Mine Creek, capturing about 1000 prisoners, among 
whom are the Rebel Generals Cabell and Mannaduke. 

27. Action at Hatcher's Run ; Rebel works captured. 

28. The Rebel ram "Albemarle" destroyed by a torpedo directed by Lu W, B. 
Cashing, in the Roanoke river. 

29. 30. Gen. Hood handsomely repulsed in attacks upon Decatur, Geo. 
31. Nevada becomes a State. 

November, 1864. 

7. Oil Wells in Pennsylvania are producing abundantly, and speculations in Petro- 
leum are becoming a leading feature in the financial world. 

8. Abraham Lincoln re-elected president of the United States, by a majority of 
407,000. 

Gko. B. McClellan resigns his commission as Major General in the U. S. A. P. IL 
Sheridan appointed a Major General U. S. A. 

12. Great National Sailors' Fair in Boston continues. 

14. Gen. Gillem suffers a reverse at ** Ball's Gap," losing 400 men and six guns. 
Gold, 2.45 1-2. 

16. Gen. W. T. Sherman commences his march from Atlanta into the interior of 
Georgia with about 50,000 men. 
20. The Unio'n army enters MiUedgeville, Georgia. 

24. Prof. Benj. Silliman dies at New Haven, Conn., aged 84 years. 

25. Rebels attempt to bum the city of New York. 

29. National Thanksgiving. 

30. Great battle of Franklin, Tenn. ; Gen. Thomas falls back on Nashville. Battle 
of Honey's Hill, near Savannah, Georgia ; after severe fighting, our troops withdraw. 

December, 1864. 

1. Hon. W. L. Dayton, Minister at the Court of France, dies, at the Hotd du 
Louvre, Paris, aged 58. 

6. Gen. Foster captures Pocotal%o Bridge, thus separating Charleston from 
Savannah. 

8. Battle of Murfreesboro', Tenn. ; 1207 rebels killed, wounded and captured. 

Henry R. Schoolcraft, the great Indian Historian, dies, aged 72. 

12. Gen. Sherman's Army, after a successful march tlirough Georgia, arrives in 
front of Savannah. 

13. Fort McAllister, on the Ogeechee, is taken by our forces. A grand naval 
expedition, under Admiral D. D. Porter, sails from Hampton Roads. 

15, 16. A battle at Nashville, at which 4,462 rebels are captured by our troopa 
under Gen. G. H. Thomas. A splendid charge is made by the 3d brigade, Ist divisou» 
16th corps. 



1865.] Book Notices. 281 

20. Destruction of the Salt works at Saltvillc, Va., by Gen. S. G. Burbridge. 

21. Gen. Sherman's anny oecupy Sayannah, taking about 150 guns left by the 
enemy, who under Gen. Harace evacuated the city the day before. 

22. The steamship " N. America " founders at sea — 197 lives are lost. 

24. An imsucces^ul attack is made by our forces on Fort Fisher at the mouth of 
Cape Fear River. 

20. James W. Wallack, aotor, dies in New York. 

31. George M. Dallas, ex*>vice president of XJ. S., dies, aged 73 years. 

January, 1865. 

8. Major General B. F. Butler is relieved of his command of the Army of the 
James, and succeeded by Kajor General £. O. C. Ord. 

1 1. Hon. F. P. Blair yisits Richmond with the purpose of opening the way for peace 
negotiations. 

13. Bombardment of Fort Fisher commenced. 

15. Reduction of Fort Fisher by the combined assault of the Army and Navy 
forces, under Gen. A. H. Terry and Rear Admiral D. D. Porter. 

Edward Everett dies suddenly, aged 71 years. 

17. Forts Caswell and Campbell evacuated and blown up by the rebels. The 
Patapsco destroyed by a rebel torpedo in Charleston harbor. 

18. Five blockade runners are captured off Willmington. Coffee seHing in Rich- 
mond at $40 per lb. 

24. The main portion of the building of the Smithsonian Institution at Washing- 
ton, D. C, deftroyed by fire. 

26. The steamer ** Eclipse " blown up on Tennessee river ; 140 lives lost 

27. The rebels attempt to bum the city of Savannah. 

Febkuart, 1865. 
2. Peace Commissioners from Richmond arrive at Fortress Monroe. Conference 
unsuoeessfuL 
6. Action at Hatcher's Run. The Rebel General Pegram killed. 

17. The city of Charleston, S. C, evacuated. 

18. Union troops take possession of Charleston, S. C, and the Federal Flag once 
more waves over Sumter. 

Prof. George P. Bond, of Cambridge, dies, aged 39 years. 

21. Gold is 1.96. 

22. Our troops enter Wilmington, N. C. The birthday of Washington, in con- 
nection with our recent victories, is extensively celebrated. 

24. Capt J. Y. Beal hung at Governor's I^nd, N. Y. harbor, as a spy. 

25. Dea. John Phillips, of Sturbridge, Mass., dies, aged 104 years, 7 months and 
28 days. 



BOOK NOTICES. 

Eislory of Lynn, Essex County , Massachusetts: including Lynnjield, 
Saugu^, Swampscot, and NahanL By Alonzo Lewis and Jakes R. 
Newhall. Boston : John L. Shorey, Publisher, 13 Washington et, 
1865. Svo. pp. 620. 

In 1844, Mr. Alonzo Lewis, the well-known historian and poet, published the sec- 
ond edition of his History of Lynn, 8yo. pp. 278. He afterwards contemplated issuing 
a third edition, but his plan was never accomplished. Mr. Lewis died January 21, 
1861, aged 66. Mr. Newhall has undertaken the work in earnest. As but very little 
of the looee memoranda left by Mr. L. could be made available by another, Mr. New- 
hall says, " I was, therefore, compelled to lay almost every particle aside, and simply take 
his former edition, and add to it such matters of interest as were derived from my own 
origmal investigations." He did not feel at liberty to alter the text of Mr. Lewis, except to 
correct an obvious error. All the material additions and corrections made by Mr. N. are 
indicated by brackets. " The types for every page of this volume," he says, " were set by 
my own hands." The work is indeed a creditable one. He has more than doubled 
the original matter, besides adding many illustrations, in the shape of views of public 
Vol. XIX. 24* 



282 Book Notices. [July, 

bufldings and priyate residences, fiic-similes of autographs of early settlers and others 
of distinction. There are two full paged views of the City looking seaward, giving every 
steeple in Lynn excepting one, that of the Union Street Methodist. The annals, as pub- 
lished by Mr. Lewis, close with the vear 1843. Mr. Newhall has continued them to 
the present year, to which he has adaed a chapter of biographical sketches, twenty-foiur 
in number, among them that of the Newhalls, Burrills, Breeds, Mudges, Solomon 
Moulton, Maria Augusta Fuller, William Gray, and Alonzo Lewis. We are pleased 
witti the character and contents of the book. It is an acquisition to our local historical 
literature, of which, at present, there is no apprehension that we shall have a su^- 
abimdance. 

Mr. Newhall was the reputed author of Lin : or JeweU of the third Plantation^ pub- 
lished in 1862, under the soubriquet of *< Obadiah Oldpath," 12mo. pp. 400. 

Collections of (he Massachusetts Historical Society, Vol. yii. Fourth 
Series. Published at the charge of the Appleton Fund. Boston : 
Printed for the Society. 1865. 8vo. pp. 647. 

Proceedings of tJie Massachusetts Historical Society, 1863-1864. Bos- 
ton : Printed for the Society. 1864. 8vo. pp. 508. 

We are furnished in the volume of the ColUctions before us, with another instalment 
of original letters from the Winthrop MSS., from such historical personages as John 
Wilson, Nathaniel Ward, Thomas Dudley, John Endecott, Hugh Peters, Richard 
Saltonstall, Thomas Shepard, William Coddington, Samuel Maverick, Ferdinando and 
Thomas Gorges, John Higginson, John Mason, John Norton, John Davenport, John 
Hull, Richard Bellingham, Samuel Gorton, and others. 

How is it possible that the perusal of these pages can prove otherwise than interest- 
ing, when by such familiar epistles we are led directly into the plans and projects of 
some of the noblest of the pioneers of New England ? Their domestic joys and sor- 
rows, also, are pictured to us in a plain and simple style of writing, in pleasing corres- 
pondence with the details of their daily lives. 

The editors have enriched the work with appropriate notes. Dr. Appleton, the 
Assistant Librarian of the Institution, has, as heretofore, with much ingenuity prepared 
ike-similes of more than fifty of the signatures and seals aflix9d to the letters contained 
in the volume. 

The volume of Prooeedingt contains papers read before the Society, notices of mem- 
bers deceased, reports of Committees, original- letters, diaries, revolutionary documents, 
donations, &c. Dr. Appleton communicates an interesting article in relation to alma" 
nacs in the reign of Queen Anne, a volume being in the library of the Society. An 
early anti-slavery tract of 3 pages, folio, printed in Boston, June 12, 1700, written by 
Chief Justice Sewall, entitled The Selling of Joteph, is here printed entire, as also a 
poem by PhilUs Whcatley, on the capture of Gen. Charles Lee by the British, with a 
£ftc-simile of her hand- writing, several of her letters never before published, and bio- 
graphical notices of her. (See Register^ xviii. 394.) Dr. Ephraim Eliot's account of 
the Physicians of Boston is given, as also the Diary of Ezekiel Price, 1775-6, and a 
continued account of different maps, charts, and plans of Boston and the harbor, with 
an accompanying lithograph. A memoir of Luther V. Bell, M.D., LL.D., by Rev. 
George E. Ellis, D.D.; of the Rev. Charles Mason, D.D., by Rev. A. P. Peabody, 
D.D. ; of Hon. William Sturgis, by Hon. Charles G. Loring, witii portraits of Dr. 
Bell and Rev. Dr. Mason, are furnished. Other illustrations are presented, which 
serve to make more useful a work that is prepared with much care, and beautifully 
printed. These volumes are filled with matter that will be of permanent interest. 
They give credit to the institution and to the cause they represent 

Annals of the American Pulpit ; or commemorative Notices of Dis- 
tinguished American Clergymen of the various denominations, from 
the early settlement of the country to Ove close of the year eighteen hundred 
and ffly-five, with Historical Introductions. By VVilliam B. Sprague, 
D.D. Volume viii. Unitarian Congregational. New York: Rob- 
ert Carter & Brothers, 630 Broadway. 1865. 8vo. pp. 678. 

About eighteen years ago the Rev. Dr. Sprague first contemplated, as he informs us, 
the publication of a work commemorative of deceased clergymen. He conferred with 
several distinguished ministers ^f various denominations in regard to it The idea met 



1865.] Book Notices. 283 

their approyal, and they encouraged him to proceed. At that time he had no thousht 
of extending the work beyond one Yolnme, embracing noted men in the different de- 
nominations, without any regard to chronological or&. But on looking at the matter 
more carefully, he came to the conclusion that the limits he had prescribed for himself 
were too narrow for the contemplated work. He therefore enlarged his plan, and the 
z^ult of his efforts has been that he has given to the world, within ei^ht years, eight 
large octavo volumes, in the following order : — Volumes i. and ii., Trimtarian Congre- 
gational ; iii. and iv., Presbyterian ; v.. Episcopalian ; vi., Baptist ; vii., MethocUst ; 
viii.. Unitarian. We understand that two more volumes are completed for the preas* 
but have not learned, what denominations are included. If this plan is carried out, we 
shall have a decade of volumes of the most valuable matter of the kind to be found in 
the whole range of literature. 

This volume, like the previous ones, has an ** Historical Introduction," being a brief 
ecclesiastical history of the denomination. We have next, biographical sketches, 81 in 
number, commencing with Kev. Ebenezer Gay, D.D., of Hingham, and ending with 
Rev. Hiram Withington, of Leominster. These sketches are in most cases followed by 
letters from personal friends in reply to a request of that nature from Dr. Sprague. 
The latter form the largest, and of course the most original part of the volume. The letters 
are not only filled wiu interesting reminiscences and facts, but they present phases of 
individual life and character not elsewhere to be obtained. For the testimony comes, 
in many cases, directly from those who speak from actiial knowledge, and oft^ from a 
long and intimate acquaintance with the person whose biography is produced. In the 
volume before us, letters of this description arc furnished by ninety different ^divi- 
duals, of different denominations, male and female, clergymen and laymen. Some 
have contributed several letters, varying in number from one to ten, the late Rev. Dr. 
Pierce of Brookline, being the only one who has furnished a decade. Besides the regu- 
lar sketches, there are a large number of names incidentally introduced into the text. 
Each deceased minister, thus introduced, has, as &r as practicable, the leading facts of 
his history portrayed in a note. So that as a book of reference the Annals are inval- 
uable. There are three indices — first, of the names of the subjects ; second, those who 
have furnished original letters ; and third, names incidentally introduced either in the 
text or in the notes. Facing the title page is a portrait of Kev. William E. Channing, 
D.D., engraved by Cheney from a portrait by Washington AUston, painted in 1811. 

We quote recommendatory notices from two religious newspapers — the New York 06- 
iener (Orthodox Congrq^^tional), and the New York Christian Inquirer (Unitarian). <«It 
is a masterpiece of rcdigious and literary biography." <* We are compeUed to place these 
Annals of Uie Pulpit among the most remarkable literary achievements of the age." The 
Inquirer says : — ** To say that in the sketches thus prepared by him there is everywhere 
patent the best qualities of a biographer. Honesty, Faithfrdness, entire absence of pre- 
judice, patience of research, the desire and purpose to do amplest justice, and withal a 
large, generous, and catholic spirit, is nothing more than strictest truth. The industry 
and forethought of Dr. Sprague in obtaining these is beyond praise. The whole series 
of these Pulpit Annals by Dr. Sprague, are a unique and very valuable contribution to 
the religious and theological literature of our country ; and most^deserving of a place 
in the library, and of liberal public patronage." 

History of ThoToaston, Rockland and SoiUh Thomaston, Maine, from 
their first Exploralion, A,D, 1606; with family Genealogies, By 
Cyrus Eaton. In two Volumes. Hallowell : Masters, Smith & Co., 
printers. 1866. 12mo. pp. 468, 4Y2. 

How few there are who ever vmte more than one town history ; but here we have a 
second, by the author of <* The Annals of Warren," an octogenarian, and for more than 
twenty years entirely blind. How strange this appears to those of perfect powers, who 
complain of the labor such works require, and how encouraging that such books can 
be |ffoduced under such untoward circumstances. The territory forming the old town- 
ship of Thomaston offered an inviting field for history, as it was visited by Weymouth 
as early as 1605 ; and although the river which he ascended has long been a disputed 
point, mj* Eaton has satisfactorily proved it could be no other than the St. George's. 
This region was included in the grant made bv the council of Plymouth, England, to 
Beauchamp and Leverett, in March, 1630 ; and in June of that year a small vessdU 
called the Lyon, landed a party and established a truck-house, the site of which was 
near the present village of Thomaston, and this settlement was maintained here till the 
Indian war of 1675. After those at Machias and Castine were broken up, this 



284 Book Notices. [July, 

-WB8 the outpost of New England. This region, long known as the Moscongns patent, 
became the property of our Qov. Lererett, who disposed of part of it to Gen. Waldo 
and others, who in 1719 built a fort and maintained a garrison through all the Indian 
wars down to 1760, being for forty years the frontier settlement of New England. Mr. 
Eaton has long been a student of history and an industrious gleaner of the events of 
this region. These he has prepared for the press, under difficulties that would appal 
the strongest mind, with only the aid of a daughter in very feeble health. He has chosen 
to present them in the form of Annals, which well answer the purpose, although a 
different arrangement is now usually prelierrcd. How carefully he has done his work, 
is apparent to the most casual reader. 

The second Volume is mainly composed of genealogies of the fismiilies of the town, 
prepared with a labor which none but those engaged in similar pursuits can compre- 
hend. 

Mr. Eaton has laid the present and future population of this new city and two flour- 
ishing towns under a debt which we trust they will appreciate and not be slow to repay. 

Cfenealogies ofihe Hadley Families, embracing the Early Settlers of the 
Towns of Hatfield f South Hadley, AmJierst and Oranby. Northamp- 
ton : Metcalf & Company, printers. 1862. 8vo. pp. 168. 

This is the genealogical portion of the History of Hadley, printed from the same type. 
The author is Hon. Lucius M. Boltwood, of Amherst, Mass., whose valuable contribu- 
tions to the Register have made his name familiar to our readers ; and whose reputa- 
tion for accuracy and research is such that they will not need an assurance that the 
work has been thoroughly performed. 

Mr. Judd's excellent history of Hadley was passing through the press, when it was 
arrested, m 1860, by the author's death. The historical portion was nearly completed ; 
but though much matter had been collected for the genealogies, Mr. Judd had not begun 
to prepare it for the press. The materials were placed in the hands of Mr. Bolt- 
wood, who performed faithfully the work entrusted to him, using not only Mr. Judd's 
collections, but much matter collected by himsel£ The book is printed in small type, 
and is compactly arranged, and brought down to the present century. Among the 
genealogies given are the following : — Allis, Barnard, Bartlett, Belding, Billings, Bolt- 
wood, Chauncy, Church, Coleman, Cook, Cowles, Dickinson, Eastman, Field, Foote, 
Frary, Gaylord, Goodman, Graves, Hastings, Hawkes, Hawlev, Hinsdale, Hopkins, 
Hoyt, Hubbard, Ingram, Judd, Kellogg, Lewis, Lyman, Marsh, Mattoon, Meekins, 
Montague, Moody, Nash, Parsons, Partridge, Pierce, Pomeroy, Porter, Preston, Rus- 
sell, Scott, Selden, Seymour, Smith, Strong, Taylor, Vinton, Wait, Warner, Wells, 
White, Williams, Woodbridge and Wright. 

The Pratt Family; or the Descendants of Lieut, WiUiam Pratt, one of the 
First Settlers of Hartford and Say-Brook, with Genealogical Notes of 
John Pratt, of Hartford ; Peter Pratt, of Lyme; John Pratt (taylor), 
of Say-Brook, By Rev. P. W. Chapman, A.M. Hartford : Printed 
by Case, Lockwood & Co. 1864. 8vo. pp. 420. 

It will be of course agreed that any genealogical work by the author of the Chapman 
Genealogy will be a full and careful register of all the fiacts accessible at this day. Ac- 
cordingly we find nothing to do but to praise that portion of the book which treats of 
the history of the family in New England. From p. 63 top. 306, we have an exhaus- 
tive collection of the facts relating to the descendants of William Pratt, of Hartford, 
who married Elizabeth, daughter of John Clark, and niece of George Clark, of Great 
Mundon, in Hertfordshire. They had eight children, all of whom married, and their 
issue is traced in separate chapters. First we have the Backus fiunily, descended from 
the oldest daughter ; then the issue of John and Joseph Pratt ; then Uie Watrous £uni- 
ly; then those descended from William and Samuel Pratt; then the Kirtlands; and 
lairtly the issue of Nathanael Pratt. 

John Pratt, also of Hartford, is presumed to be a brother of William, and the author 
has made large collections of his family. The others, Peter and John, are only slightly 
mentioned. 

The least satis&ctory part of the book is the attempt to identify the &ther of the emi- 
nant. It is clear that the Rev. William Pratt, of Stevenago, in Hertfordshire, had 
three sons, John, William and Richard, of whom John was bom in 1620. It is also 
dear that John, William and Elisabeth are not named in their fietther's wiU ; but why 



1865.] Book Notices. 285 

"we shoold presume that they were in New England, rather than dead, we do not see. 
We cannot see the slightest ground for the supposition, and trust if any proofs remain 
they will be fumiBhed us. 

Our comparison of dates strengthens our view. John Pratt, supposed in this pedi- 
gree to haye been bom in 1620, represented Hartford in 1639. Is it probable tthat a 
youth of 19 years held this position ? Again, his grandson was born in 1658 ; i. e., he 
was a grandfather at the age of 38. This is not impossible, but it seems unusual. 

We trust our comments will lead to renewed search on this point, and, until the 
proof is better, we hope the fiunily will not assume the arms engrared in this book. 

The Yery thorough Index, and the dear arrangement of this book, combine to put it 
in the first class. We trust Mr. Chapman will be encouraged to put in print the re- 
mainder of his collections, as he possesses qualifications for the work which few equal. 

w. H. w, 

TIU Congregational Quarterly. April, 1865. Vol. VII. No. 2. Whole 
No. 26. Conducted under the sanction of the American Congrega- 
tional Association and the American Congregational Union, by 
Revs. H. M. Dexter, A. H. Quint, and I. P. Langworthy. Boston : 
8vo. pp. 96. 

The biographical department of this work is worth much more than the subscription 
price, to those who take an interest in reading the lives of the worthy departed. The 
April number opens with a memoir of the late Her. Benjamin Tappan, D.D., of 
Augusta, Me., who for more than half a century was so identified with the religious 
history of Maine. The " Congregational Necrology " is well prepared, and contains 
more historical and genealogical mformation, fuller data and more personal and domes- 
tic facts, in a condensed form, than we usually find in our ecclesiastical periodicals. 

A yiew of the Congregational church at Campello, in North Bridge water, Mass., with 
a description^ is given by Bradford Kingman, Esq., of Brookline, who has before fur- 
nished descriptions and views of other churches for this work, and who is expecting 
soon to issue in a handsome octavo volume the result of his labors in behalf of his 
native town of North Bridgewater, for which he deserves ample encouragement. 

Other articles of an interesting and suggestive character to Congregationalists are 
contributed by Rev. M. K. Cross, of Tipton, Iowa ; Rev. Daniel Wight, Jr., of Ash- 
bumham, Mass. ; Rev. Henry M. Storrs, D.D., of Cincinnati, Ohio ; Rev. W. W. 
Patton, D.D., of Chicago, 111. ; Rev. Samuel Wolcott, D.D., of Cleveland, Ohio; 
and by the Editors. 

Proceedings of the New Jersey Historical Society. Vol. X. 1 865. No. 1 . 
8vo. pp. 46. 

This Society, wluch was organized about the same time with our own, seems to be^ 
through the persevering efforts of its efficient officers, in a fiourislung condition. 

Fnnn the report of the Executive Committee we copy the following paragraph : — 
'* Twenty years have elapsed since the organization of the Society, and although death 
has depny«l us of many of those through whose zeal and interest it was established 
and fostered, yet no other institution of the kind in the Union, unsustained by re^- 
lar legislative appropriations — which is the case with some of the thriving Historical 
Societies at the West — has secured and maintained so prominent a position in the same 
length of time. We can point not only to our valuable and increasing library, but also 
to actual contributions of our own to the historical literature of the country, unsur- 
pused by none in intrinsic merit, and outnumbering those of many of the older Soci- 
eties. Nine volumes of 200 pages each, containing the Proceedingt of the Soei' 
ety, have been published, and six volumes of Collectiona. Each volume of the latter 
series is a complete work in itself, and the Proceedings contain, besides the business 
transactions, various papers which have been read before the Society, and other minor 
articles selected or contributed ; — the two sets constituting a library ui themselves of 
great interest to every student of our history. The Society certainly presents strong 
claims to the cordial fiavor and active co-operation of every one placing a proper esti- 
mate upon the past, present and future of New Jersey." 

The pamphlet closes with an *< Address on the Life and Character of the Hon. Jo- 
seph C. Homblower, LL.D., Late President of the New Jersey Historical Society, by 
the Hon. Richard S. Field, read before the Society January 16th, 1865," which has 
been printed, also, in a separate form. 



286 Book Notices. [July, 

The Annals of Iowa; a Quarterly PvblicaUon, by the State Historical 
Society, at Iowa City. April, 1866. Edited by Theodore S. Parvin, 
Corresponding Secretary. Iowa City, Iowa : Publishing House of 
Brainard & Breitigam. 8vo. pp. 48. 

This is the first number we have seen of this Western periodical, although it is 
" Number x." of the work. It has a continued history of Davis Coimty, sketch 
of Iowa Territory, 1838-40, History of the Iowa State Orphan Asylum, notices of old 
settlers' and pioneers' associations, &c., with a steel engraving of tibe Iowa State Uni- 
versity. 

" The object of this periodical is to collect and preserve, in a permanent form, facts 
connected with the early history of Iowa, before they are lost from the memory of ob- 
servers of events, together with such biographical and historical sketches and reminis- 
cences of prominent citizens of the State, as would otherwise £eu1 to be recorded." 

We hope the managers will be sufficiently encouraged to continue the work thiis 
commenced, and be enabled thereby to preserve important matter relative to their pro- 
fbssed objects. 

Queens County in Olden Times ; being a Supplement to the several His- 
tories thereof , By Henry Onderdonk, Jr., A.M., Author of Revo- 
lutionary Incidents on Long Island, and British Prisons and Prison 
Ships at New York. Jamaica, N. Y.: Charles Welling. 1865. 4to. 
pp. 122. 

This work is in the form of Annals, commencing in 1639, and ending in 1832. From 
the Archives of New "York State, the records in the Town and County Clerk's offices, 
the Supervisor's minutes, the books and papers of the Surrogate and County Trea- 
ftnrer, from briefs and other papers used by lawyers in the Supreme Court, from old 
and scarce newspapers and other sources, the compiler has gleaned items of interest 
vhich will serve as materials for the history of towns in Queens County, to be made 
available, we trust, for such objects. 

" The second series of this work will contain Suffolk and Kings Counties in * olden 
times,' with the bibliography of Long Island, and annals of the Reformed Protestant 
Datch Church in Queens County." 

When the series are completed, we would suggest the propriety of having an anal^r- 
tical index to the whole work. There is a very good index of names prepared for this 
Tolume. 

A Voice from Rebel Prisons ; giving an account of some of the Horrors 
of the Stockades at Andersonville, Milan and other prisons. By a re- 
turned Prisoner of War. Boston : Press of Geo. 0. Rand & Avery, 
3 Comhill. 1865. 8vo. pp. 16. 

This is one of the many chapters of " horrors " that are imfolded to us by the past 
recipients of fiendish barbarity in the brutal dens and prisons of rebeldom. The 
author, who is known in Dorchester where his family resides, modestly withholds his 
name, as also the recital of some of the most aggravating and loathsome experiences of 
his cruel imprisonment, though what he has related is enough to •* harrow up the soul," 
and make us cry aloud against such inhumanity and barbariam. 

Three Years in the Army of the Potomac. By Henry N. Blake, Late 
Captain in the Eleventh Regiment Massachusetts Volunteers. Bos- 
ton : Lee & Shepard. 1865. 12mo. pp. 319. 

Capt Blake, with a finnkness characteristic of his fiEunily, relates his three years' ex. 
perience of the war, not £ivoring men or measures, except where he felt the truth 
warranted it. He seems to be governed by principle rather than policy in giving us 
the details. He exposes and approves, censures and applauds, showing, in our opinion, 
as brave a spirit in his literary march as in his literal campaigns. We doubt not that 
he aims at truth in all his narrations, and so feu: as his personal knowledge of things 
extends, furnishes a straightforward and reliable statement of them. There may be a 
question with some, in rdation to his criticisms of the military tactics of superior offi« 



1865.] Book Notices. 287 

cen, but in regard to their manifested moral character and habits he is £Edrly competent 
to decide. He does not hesitate, therefore, to rebuke where he thinks rebuke is needed, 
nor does he, as some biassed young men might do under the same circumstances, know- 
ingly palliate yice when seen in the daily or occasional practice of a military command- 
er. 'The book is, in short, an interesting narrative of some of the trials and yictoriea 
that attended our brave soldiers of the Army of the Potomac. 

The first Century of Dummer Academy, A Historical Discourse , deli- 
vered at Newbury, Byfield Parish, August 12, 1863. With an Appen- 
dix. By Nehemiah Cleaveland. Boston; Nichols & Noyee. 1866. 
8vo. pp. 71. xliii. 

Centennial Celebration, Proceedings in connection with the Celebra- 
tion at New Bedford, September 14th, 1864, of the Two Hundredth 
Anniversary of the Incorporation of the Town of DartmouOi, Printed 
by the order of the City Council of New Bedford, New Bedford, 
Mass. : E. Anthony & Sons, printers, 67 Union street. 1866. 
8vo. pp. 129. 

Ha^ Century Discourse, A Sermon delivered in Warwick, Mass,, Oct, 
12, 1864, it being the Fiftieth Anniversary of the AutJior's Ordination 
as Pastor of the First Congregational Church and Society in that Town. 
By Preserved Smith (for thirty years the Pastor of said Church and 
Society). Greenfield : Printed by S. S. Eastman & Company. 1864. 
8vo. pp. 26. 

A Pastor's Bemew, A Discourse preached in Medway, Mass., Nov. 2, 
1864, on the FMeth Anniversary of the Author's Ordination and Set- 
tiement. By Jacob Ide, D.D., Pastor of the Second Church in Med- 
way. Boston : Congregational Board of Publication, 13 Comhill. 
1866. 8vo. pp. 72. 

A Commemorative Discourse delivered in the New South Church, Church 
Oreen, Boston, on Sunday, December 26, 1864, on the Fiftieth Anni- 
versary of its Dedication, By George E. Ellis. Boston: Henry 
W. Dutton and Son, 90 and 92 Washington street. 1866. 8vo. 
pp. 46. 

There is no occasion, it would seem to us, to giye in this place more than the titles of 
the above pamphlets, as notices of each of the celebrations they characterize may be 
found in the last number of the Beffitter, page»>172-174, and in YoL zyiiL 110. 

The Last Men of the Bevolution, A Photograph of each from life, to- 
gether with Views of their Houses, printed in colors. Accompanied by 
brief Biographical Sketches of the Men, By Rev. E. B. Hillabd. 
Hartford, Conn. : Published by N. A. & R. A. Moore. 1864. pp. 64. 

" The Old BoU of Fame,'' ThePatriotsof the Bevolution of '16, Sketches 
of the Survivors, etc, etc. etc, Boston : G. W. Tomlinson, 221 Wash- 
ington St. 1864. 8vo. pp. 20. 

The former of these books furnishes photographs of six individuals, who, less than 
a year asro, were surrivors of the revolution, with views of their residences. The 
names of these old soldiers are :— Samuel Downing, of Edinburgh, Saratorai Co., N. Y., 
aged 102 years; Rev. Daniel Waldo, of Syracuse, N. Y., who deceased July 30, 1864, 
i^ed 101 years, 10 mos. 20 ds. (See present volume of the Register ^ page 84) ; Lemuel 
C5)ok, of Clarendon, Orleans Co., N. Y., aged 106 ; Alexander Milliner, who resided a 
few miles from Mr. Cook, at a place called Adam's Basin, in his 105th year ; William 
Hutchms, of Penobscot, Me., in his 101st year ; Adam link, who died at Sulphur 
Springs, Crawford Co., Ohio, Aug. 16, 1864, aged 102 years, 9 mos. 1 day. 

It waa a happy thought in the movers of this undertaking to have the Heatiiret of 



288 Book Notices. [July. 

these yetcranB, with views of their homes, transferred into a volume that will ever have 
a unique interest attached to it. The letter press is by Mr. Ilillard, who made them 
personal visits, and ascertained thereby the leading facts of their lives. The whole is a 
pleasing memorial, worthy of preservation. 

In the Old Roil of Fame, a pamphlet whose title we have given above, there are brief 
sketches of 23 soldiers of the revolution, eleven from the loyal and twelve from the 
Southern States, the greater portion of whom have ere this departed. 

Ilie American Conflict: an Address spoken be/ore the Neiv England So- 
ciety of Montreal, and a public audience, in Nordheimer s Hall, Mon- 
treal, on Thursday evening, 22d December, 1864. By Rev. John 
CoRDNER. Montreal : Printed by John Lovell, St. Nicholas street. 
1865. 8vo. pp. 48. 

^Ir. Cordner, who is a corresponding member of our Society, reviews, in a concise 
manner, the moral and political issues of our great struggle with the South, glancing 
at the action taken by tiie South, as also by the National Government and the motive 
to war. He speaks of the Afferent phases of popular government, and of the duty of 
Canada ; he refers to the St Albans raid, and to the presence of Southern Agents in 
Canada, and touching upon other points, closes with these sensible remarks : — ** * Wis- 
dom is better than weapons of war.' And this wisdom may be shown in the manifes- 
tation of a peacefiil spirit, and of an honorable purpose to fulfil, in all good faith, our 
treaty stipulations with our neighbors. It may be shown by our obser^-ance, as duti- 
ful subjects, of our Queen's proclamation of neutrality, ana by refusing to sanction, 
directly or indirectly, any overt act or implied purpose which would embarrass our 
Queen's Government, or embroil in war the ereat, industrious, peaceful and prosper- 
ous empire, with which it is our privilege to be connected." ** It may be shown by our 
love of human freedom, in our cherishing the spirit thereof, and in our living desire 
that all men should be free. It may be sno'wn through our respect for honest and hon- 
orable toil, and our pronounced desire that the honest toilers in all lands, whether they 
be black or white, shall neceive an honest wage for their toU, and enjoy, as their inde- 
feasible right, all the privileges of Christian men. * Wisdom is better than weapons 
of war ;* and such wisdom as this, I hold to be the bounden duty of Canada and her 
people to cherish and manifest at the present juncture of our afiJEurs." 

Two Letters respecting the conduct of Rear Admiral Graves on the Coast 
of the United States, July to November, 1781. By William Graves, 
Esq., of the Inner Temple. Morrisania, N. Y. : 1865. Large 4to. 
pp. 39. 

This is a fac-simile reprint of a pamphlet issued, in 1782, in defence of Rear Admi- 
ral Graves. The reprint has been issued under the superintendence of Henry B. Daw- 
son, Esq., whose qualifications for the task are well known to historical students. He 
has prefixed an introduction, and addeda translation of an extract from the Gazette de 
France^ which forms an appendix to the original publication, thereby materially adding 
to the value of the work. Only onehundi^ copies of the reprint have been issued. 
It is from the press of J. M. Bndstreet & Son, and is printed on thick paper with an 
ample margin. 

It was charged against Rear Admiral Thomas Graves that by his dilatoriness he had 
allowed the army of Comwallis to be captured, which more prompt movements would 
have prevented. William Graves, Esq., his eldest brother, took up the defence of the 
Admiral, who was then absent from England, being stationed at Jamaica. He wrote 
two letters, intended for The Morning Chronicle of the 21st and 22d January, 1782, at 
the opening of the session of Parliament, but for several reasons they were not jmb- 
lished then. An edition was afterwards printed for private use, from which this re- 
print has been made. It is a very able and valuable document, and will be prized by 
those who feel an interest in our Revolutionary history. 

A Group of Children, and otJier Poems. By D. C. Colesworthy. Bos- 
ton : Antique Book Store, 66 Comhill. 12 mo. pp. 236. 
This book is beautifully printed. It contains many gems of thought, and breathes 

throughout a spirit of high-toned morality and christian excellence. 

We hope the author wiU give us a continuation of his Chronicles of Casco Bay, the 

first number of which was issued about fifteen yean ago. See Begiiter, iv. 373. 




^^n/^i^^^ 




NEW ENGLAND 

HISTORICAL AND GENEALOGICAL REGISTER, 



Vol, XIX, 



OCTOBER, 1865. 



No. 4, 



MASTER SULLIVAN 



OF BERWICK— niS 
DESCENDANTS. 



ANCESTORS AND 



3kyeh centuries ago, Henry the Second, King of England, obtained 
from the Sovereig^n Pontiii*, Adrian the Fourth, the permission of the 
Oiithalic Church lo take pijssossion of IreUwid. A few years later. 
1169, Dermot Mac Morrough, King of Leiester, expelled from the 
country by King Roderick at the instigation of O^Rouke, whose wife 
Dermot had abducted, solicited the intervention of the Engli«h Mon- 
arch, who invaded the island* This was tlie beginning of a long and 
embittered struggle — on the one side for supremacy, on the other 
against subjugation — which still at times seems smouldering in its 
ashes. Superiority of numbers and rosonrces finally triumphed ; a!id 
Ireland, exhausted and overwhelmed, succumbed to her conquerors. 
It 13 not necessary to dwell on what is already sufficiently familiar ; 
but some brief allusion to historical events will not be out of place 
in connection with our subject. 

Seven centuries earlier, Christianity had been introdaced by St. 
Patrick ; and under St. Columba, in the sixth century, faith in revela- 
tion took the place of the worship of nature and druidical rites. 
Monastic institutions were liberally endowed, flourishing schools and 
colleges became the resort of students from other countries ; and in, 
the eighth and ninth centuries, the scholars of Ireland were among 
the most distinguished at the courts of the Saxon Kings and of 
Charlemagne. If the general enlightenment were not in all re- 
spects equal to that of some of the more favored portions of Europe, 
ita chiefs and rulers conqmred favorably in culture with persons else- 
where of similar rank. After the Danes, who had long ineflcctually 
striven to gain a foothold, were finally defeated at Clonfert, Good 
Friday, 1039, by Brian Bom, its forty-fourth Christian King, Ireland 
was for a time but little disturbed by the presence of the stranger. 
Under the seven succeeding monarchs ending in Roderick, already 
mentioned, important reforms in its secular arid ecclesiastical adminis- 
tration promiBed to iusuro for its future the blessings of good govern* 
ment, quiet, prosperity and progressive civilization. 

These hopes were destined to be disappointed. Lust of conquest 

had no scruples,- nwJ-itfchef^iit defects in social condition tempted ag- 

g^ression. In the middle ages, and dowu to a comparatively recent 

period, everv where throughout Europe could be recognized, under 

Vol. XIX, 25 




290 Master Sullivan o/Botmch [October, 

various modifications, the fciulal system in some of its leading features. 
If less complicated than in France and Germany, there existed in Eng- 
land, both under the Saxon heptarchy and Norman rule, subdivision of 
authority and territorial rights, subordination of parts to a whole. In 
Ireland the prerogative and authority of the monarch depended much 
on his personal character, but under him were inferior Kings, as they 
were called, who were the actual rulers. Unfortunately for the general 
safety, petty feuds and jealousies amongst these chieftains produced 
dissension, and prevented union in maintenance of their independence. 
They fell in consequence an easy prey to adventurers from abroad, to 
whose rapacity a common interest lent direction and strength. Before 
the Reformation, English authority, though always aggressive, com- 
manded little obedience outside the pale, then consisting of the counties 
of Dublin, Louth, Meath and Kildare. Under Elizabeth, Cromwell and 
William of Orange, it took a wider sweep over the land ; and coercive 
measures against Romanism, instigated by the prevailing intolerance 
of the times, and animosities craftily provoked, afforded convenient 
pretext for stripping the native septs of their possessions. 

This was more easily accomplished from the fact that Englishmen, 
who had participated in the early invasion, had established themselves 
in various portions of the island ; and Burkes and Butlers, and the 
various branches of the Geraldines, intermarrying with the leading 
families, and identified with them in sentiment and interests, disarmed 
their jealousy, and equally themselves opposed to English domination, 
which interfered with their exercise of power, became, as it was said, 
Hiberniores Hibemis, more Irish than the Irish themselves. By matri- 
monial alliances, successive conquests or grants from the English mon- 
archs, when their arms were in the ascendant, they gained accessions 
to their territories, interspersed with those of the Milesian chieftains, 
who were thus precluded from offering any effectual barrier against the 
steadily progressive encroachments on their rights and liberties, or to 
the settled policy of England to destroy their distinctive nationality. 

Our present purpose warrants no detailed account of much that is 
interesting in the laws and customs of Ireland under its native princes ; 
but one marked peculiarity should not be overlooked. In different 
climes or at different periods, various forms of social organization, 
despotisms or states feudal, aristocratic or republican, have been 
established. But the patriarchal system of the Irish septs, similar to 
that of the Gaelic clans of the Scotch highlands, one which has not 
yet wholly disappeared, had in some respects the advantage of them 
all. Large numbers of the same name, derived from a common origin 
and occupying distinct portions of territory, were'gathered together 
in separate tribes or petty ijovercignties. Rarely having occasion to 
wander far from their homes, intermarrying much amongst themselves 
or with the septs in their immediate neighborhood, attachment to their 
natal soil, pride in their traditions, the necessity in troubled times of 
union for mutual protection, drew constantly closer the ties that united 
them. These ties were political and military, as well as patriarchal 
and social. The head of the sept was not merely its representative 
by right of primogeniture, but the arbiter of its quarrels, the leader in 
its wars. Lands and castles vested in him as the feudal sover- 
eign, but were held as a sacred trust for his people, who, whilst they 
paid him accustomed tribute and were obedient to his rule, regarded 
him and his immediate family with affectionate loyalty, shared his 



18G5.] Master Sullivan of Berwick. 291 

hospitality, and never forgot they were his kinsfolk. Each individual 
participated in the honors of his race ; no sense of social superiority 
fretted the temper or lessened self-respect ; the power of his chieftain, 
limited by established usage, protected him in his rights, and in de- 
fault of nearer claimants to the headship of the clan, the supreme 
control of its affairs might devolve upon himself or his descendants. 
Courage, loyalty, and other chivalric virtues sprang from congenial 
soil ; and all the resources of the race being combined for its general 
welfare, and likewise directed to work out the prosperity and enjoy- 
ment of every member however lowly, their social state, adapted as it 
was to the circumstances in which they were placed, seemed pecu- 
liarly calculated to ensure both their security and happiness. 

The Southerly portion of Ireland, consisting of the present counties 
of Cork, Kerry, Limerick, Clare, Tipperary and Waterford, forms 
what is now known as the Province of Munster. It extends about 
one hundred miles in either direction, embracing an area of nearly 
twelve thousand square miles. In an old manuscript of the College 
Library at Dublin, McCarthy More, King of Desmond, bearing sway 
at Cork, O'Sullivan More of Dunkerron, and O'Sullivan Beai-e of 
Dunboy, are mentioned as the principal chieftains of Munster not long 
subsequent to the English invasion. For many centuries prior to that 
period, the O'SulUvan More chief of the Eugenian nobles, so called 
from their descent from Owen More, had his principal residence at 
Knoc Gragbn, a strong castle near Cashel and Clonmel on the river 
Suir, in Tipperary, at the eastern extremity of Munster. After long 
but ineffectual resistance against the English forces, they withdrew 
from the more exposed portions of their inheritance in the rich plains 
of Tipperary, to the mountainous strongholds in the southwest in the 
counties of Cork and Kerry, where in the principalities of Iverah, Dun- 
kerron, Bearc and Glenarough, they erected the castles of Dunkerron, 
Cappanaacuish, Dunboy, Ardea and Bearehaven, as well as many other 
places of strength. In these wild regions, remote from the English 
pale, and protected on every side by friendly septs or the sea, they 
were less frequently disturbed than their more exposed neighbors, 
and longer retained their property and independence. 

From the vicissitudes of war and consequent confiscations, their 
various marriages whereby lauds were acquired or granted away, their 
boundaries varied at different periods. The Province of Munster, 
originally divided for the most part between the O'Briens of Thomond 
and their cognate septs, the McCarthies More of Desmond, Duhallow, 
Carberry and Muskerry, and the O'SuUivans More, Beare, of the 
Reeks and MacFinnen, was after the twelfth century encroached 
upon by the Fitzgeralds, Earls of Desmond, Fitzmaurices of Kerry, 
and families nearly allied to them, and the limits of the O'Sullivans 
were considerably reduced. At one period in the fourteenth century, 
after some reverses, the Barncwalls, under grant from the English 
Crown, took possession of a part of their domains ; but soon after- 
wards the wars of the Roses attracting home the Butlers, who de- 
clared for York, and Fitzgeralds who declared for Lancaster, the hold 
of the proprietors of English race on their conquests was weakened, 
and the O'Sullivans put to the sword the usurpers of their inheritance, 
not a living male surviving. For the next three centuries they 
remained, if not unmolested, still able to maintain themselves in pos- 
session of their territories. 



292 Master Sullivan of Berwick. [October, 

At the beginning of the Itth century, their limits are described in 
a manuscript in the British Museum* as follows. The 'Sullivan More 
is bounded upon the Western Ocean, upon the East on McCarthy More, 
upon the South O'Sullivan Bearo, upon the North Kerry. The O'Sul- 
livan Beare, upon the West the Ocean, upon the East Muskcrry, upon 
the South-cast Car berry, upon the South O^Driscol, upon the North 
'Sullivan More. According to an ancient map in Bos well's antiqui- 
ties, the territories of O'SuUivan Beare, including Glanerough, ex- 
tended fifty miles from N. E. to S. W. by twenty in greatest breadth. 
Those limits embrace the Bay of Bantry, which in some places is ten 
miles wide. Dunkerron and Iveragh, the country of the O'SuUivans 
Mor^, measure together about thirty-five miles by twenty. The 
possessions of Gerald 16th, Earl of Desmond, confiscated in 1583, 
were about six hundred thousand acres, extending about one hundred 
miles. 

A glance at the map of Munster, with the graceful indenta- 
tions of its shores, its ranges of lofty mountains, its lakes and 
streams, makes it easy to believe the enthusiastic descriptions of 
its wild and romantic scenery, as presented by the magic pens of 
Macaulay, of the HallSi and other gifted writers. If not rich in 
mineral wealth or agricultural products, this lovely region was emi- 
nently suited for the abode of a patriarchal people ; who in the chase 
of the elk and red deer that abounded in its forests, in the fisheries 
in its bays and rivers and along its coasts, found manly occupations 
in the intervals of war. The character of their institutions was social, 
and occasions frequent for assembling together for religious, ceremo- 
nial, festive entertainments, or the transactions of affairs. They are 
often described by the English as inferior to themselves in civilization. 
Constant resistance to encroachment was not favorable to the refine- 
ments of life, or to the useful arts, and ignorance and impoverishment 
must always suffer in comparison where there is ampler opportunity for 
cultivation. But the least fortunate could not be more uncivilized 
than the lower class of English now. Our standard of superiority in 
manners and habits is too apt to be, as in the case with the Chinese, 
our own conventionalities. 

How numerous were the inhabitants of these several countries, as 
the separate territories of the clans were designated, can only be con- 
jectured. When at the close of the Catholic War, at the beginning 
of the seventeenth century, a general amnesty was offered to the 
people of Munster, who had been generally engaged in the strife, of 
four thousand pardons granted, five hundred and twenty-eight of the 
principal followers of 'Sullivan Beare, four hundred and eight^^-ono 
of those of the O'Sullivan More, five hundred and forty-two from 
Muskerry, two hundred and ten of McCarthy Reagh of Carberry, arc 
stated to have received them. Many of the former had previcnisly 
left the country with their Chieftain, and more had perished in these 
desolating wars. Notwithstanding this show of forbearance, and 
disposition manifested on the part of the conquered to avail themselves 
of the proffered amnesty, there were many who were subjected to pains 
and penalties, exiled and proscribed, and laws of the most aggravating 
character kept alive their resentment, and prevented any cordial re- 

• Harlclin Mss., 1425, [lagcs 24, 2d. 



1865.] Master Sullivan o/BemicJc. 293 

conciliation. Every opportunity was improved to throw off what all 
candid Englishmen now readily admit to have been an intolerable 
tyranny, and Munster was finally reduced to subjection by the de- 
struction or impoverishment of the larger number of its inhabitants. 

It is idle to mourn over events growing directly out of human infir- 
mities, and constantly paralleled in other lands and ages. But a candid 
consideration of the past yields the most valuable lessons to states- 
men who control the destinies of nations. Had England been gov- 
erned by a wise and more generous policy towards Ireland, and 
respected the rights and liberties, civil and religious, of its people, 
she would have been spared a vast effusion of blood and waste of 
treasure, a heavy responsibility for infinite misery and wretchedness. 
For centuries Ireland was an expense to her treasury. Had its inha- 
bitants been permitted the same privileges as Englishmen, they would 
in process of time have become loyal, and advancing in prosperity 
and civilization, contributed in a larger measure to her strength. To 
heap upon a favored few immense wealth, which added little to their 
enjoyment, the masses were reduced to a condition of predial servi- 
tude. If the immunity of both countries from foreign assailants has 
at times been dependent upon their political consolidation, persecu- 
tion has only served to strengthen the attachment of the Catholics to 
their faith, and there can be no loyalty to a government felt only 
in oppression. More liberal measures have already been adopted, 
and if the funds set apart for the support of religion were enlarged, 
80 that without infringing on vested rights, more than one Bixth of 
the ecclesiastical revenues were applied to the religious instruc- 
tion of three fourths of the people, one pregnant source of dis- 
satisfaction would be removed. Rancor for ancient wrongs throws 
obstacles in the way of reparation, renders more insupportable exist- 
ing restraints. Reb'gious toleration, equality before the law, blend- 
ing of nationalities, are indispensable to tranquillity, progress and 
strength. 

Whatever obligations of fealty may have at times been recognized 
to the monarchs of Ireland, these septs, during their long period of 
resistance to English subjugation, were virtually independent.* |What 
was known as the Brehon law had been from time immemorial estab- 
lished for their government, and administered by their own courts 
and judges. They had schools for instruction, bards and historians, 
and devoutly attached to the tenets of their church, monastic institu- 
tions were founded and religious rites observed. By this Brehon law, 
when the heir of a deceased chief was incompetent, from youth or 
infirmity, the headship devolved on the nearest of kin who was pos- 
sessed of sufficient experience, prudence and ability to administer 
affairs. Incessantly engaged in feuds amongst themselves, or in hos- 
tilities with foes from abroad, striving to subject them to a hated 

* McCarthy More, King of Cork and Prince of Desmond, was the most powerful chief- 
tain of Munster at the time of the invasion. But although often acting as a leader tho 
confederate septs were independent of him. The 0*Siillivan chieftains were nearly 
related to him by consanguinity and matrimonial alliances, but the annals of the Four Mas- 
ters prove them to have been under no obligations of fealtv. When Sir Owen, who governed 
the Sept as tanist for his nephew Donnel, from 1663 to 1.^93, surrendered the territories to 
Queen Elizaljcth, in order to have them settled in hid descendants, he became tributary 
to McCarthy More, then lately created Earl of Clancarre, to secure his assistance in main- 
taining his usurped possession, but this was exceptional. 
V^OL. XIX. 26* 



294 Master Sullivan o/BeimicJc. [October, 

yoke, warfare was their most usual employment, and demanded a 
leader in full vigor of mind and body. Such a life, if not favorable to 
mechanical employments or agricultural pursuits, fostered habits of 
hardihood, activity and subordination, rendered them thoughtful and 
devout, and also encouraged a taste for song and record, by which 
to preserve and transmit the incidents of an eventful history. 

During the lapse of centuries of strife, many of their more precious 
chronicles, or psalters as they were termed, perished. Their destruc- 
tion was at one period the settled purpose of the invaders, in order 
to break down that traditional pride which rendered them united and 
formidable. Fortunately, enough have been saved to throw much 
light on their early history. Romance must necessarily mingle with 
the remoter annals of every nation, and historical criticisin has to dis- 
criminate what may be received with confidence from statements obvi- 
ously improbable or which are not susceptible of proof. The compi- 
lations of the Four Masters from manuscripts transcribed from age 
to age, which had been carefully preserved by the Druids, or later in 
religious houses, are entitled to respect as they rest upon authority 
as reliable as that on which we depend for our knowledge of other 
nations. Faith may be at a loss how much to believe of the succes- 
sive migrations and struggles for the mastery from the tenth century 
before the Christian Era, when we are told that the sons of Miletus 
by Scota, daughter of Pharaoh, wrested the island from the Tuatha 
de Danaaus, its previous possessors. But as we approach the epoch 
of authentic history these records inspire confidence. They were 
submitted by the senachies of the various septs at the triennial as- 
semblies of Tara, and the incidents they relate cannot be reasonably 
questioned. 

Solicitude to determine with accuracy the lines of descent of such 
as may possess or transmit hereditary rights being a characteristic 
trait in feudal and patriarchial communities, it was likewise the duty 
of the senachies to enter upon record births, deaths and marriages, 
and furnish proof in all questions of disputed succession or inherit- 
ance. It is consequently possible to trace with comparative certain- 
ty, the progenitors from generation to generation of these Irish chief- 
tains. As their matrimonial alliances were for the most part confined 
to a few neighboring families, comparison of their several records 
ensures greater exactitude. For many generations the McCarthies, 
O'Briens, Fitzgeralds, Fitzmaurices and O'Sullivans were closely 
allied by marriage in the immediate families of their respective repre- 
sentatives ; and connections with the Roches, Barrys, Butlers, Burkes 
of Clanrickard, and Brownes of Kenmare, were frequent among 
them. Our present purpose is limited to some brief account of the 
O'Sullivans of Bearehaven, including whatever promises to be of 
interest connected with their origin. 

From records reasonably authentic we can trace back their ances- 
tors, as also the progenitors of other Milesian families, to the cradle 
of the race. Koating's History of Ireland, the Harleian Manuscripts 
in the British Museum, give their names, of many of whom historical in- 
cidents have also been preserved.* Our space forbids their enumera- 
tion here, but the curious in genealogical inquiry, who are not deterred 

• No. 1426, pages U and 26. 



1S650 



Master Sultkan o/Bertmch 



295 



by the ridicule perhaps justly attachiug to such remote researches, 
are referred to these authorities for any additional information they 
may wiah, Fcnnasa, King of Scythia, desceuded m the foutb j^cncra- 
tiori from Japheth son of Noah» eatabliif;hed schools in the plains of 
Sinar, the first schools of which we have any record. According to 
EpiphaniuB quoted by Keating, the customs and manners of the Scy- 
thians were received by the other nations as the standards of policy, 
civility and polite learning ; and they were the first after the fiood, 
who attempted to refine mankind into notions of courtesy, into the 
art of government and practice of good manners. This people long 
inhabited the territory west of the Enxioo, Tbey discomfited Darius 
with his hosts when he sought to subjugate them. They are men- 
tioned later with respect by Justin and Horace for their courage, 
purity of life, and noblo traits of character* Several centuries earlier 
a portion of them crossing the continent of Europe, or passing through 
the straits into the Mediterranean, established themselves— as did 
also the PhoBuicians^ from whom the Greeks derived their letters and 
literature — in Spain, where, ^\b centuries before the Christian Era, 
they arc said to have attained a considerable degree of civilization, 
being in constant intercourse with Komo and Carthage. They were 
celebrated for their work in metal, the excellence of tlieir swords and 
armor, for their musical attainments and progress in refinement* 
They earljr passed into Ireland, and carried with them their language, 
laws and customs. 

In the Second century, Conn of the Hundred battles reigned 
over all Ireland, and Owen the illustrious, likewise descended 
from Heber Fionn, son of Miletus, was his competitor for the throne. 
Owen, defeated, sought refuge in Spain, where ho remained nine 
years employed in the military service of the King of that country, 
who gave him his daughter Beara in marriage. Returning into Ire- 
land with a Spanish army, he landed at a harbor in the southwesterly 
part of the island, which in honor of his wife he called Bearchaven. 
He was soon joined by a nnmeroits body of bis kinsmen and followers, 
and defeating Conn in ton successive engagements, compelled him to 
resign his authority over the southerly part of the island. Ilis son 
Olioll Olum, in 23T King of Munster, had by Sabia, daughter of 
Conn, seven sons, and by will settled the crown of Munster by alter- 
nate succession upon the two eldest, Desmond or South Munster being 
the separate dominion of Owen, from whom descended the McCartiiied 
and O'SuUivans, Thomond or North Munster of Gomiac Cas, from 
whom derive the 0*Bricns, McMahons ami MacNamaras. 

Owen, son of Olioll, married Moncha, daughter of Dill, a Druid of 
noble birth, and in 260, their son Fiacha Mnilhethan succeeded, and 
established himself at Knoc Graflbn, near Cashol, in the Easterly part 
of Munster, where his moat and extensive entrenchments are still to 
be seen. This was the birth-place of many of the early kings, and long 
continued the abode of his descendants, having been for several cen- 
turies prior to 1172, as has been stated, the chief seat of the O'Sulli- 
vans. In 489, Angus, or the spreading tree of gold, the first Chris- 
tian King of Munster, whn had been converted and baptized by St. 
Patrick, was killed in battle. He was the common ancestor of many 
families of note, including the O'Keefes, 0' Donovans, McCarthies, 
and O'Sullivans, altliough these names were not at that time adopted 



296 



Master SuUiran of Berwick* 



[October, 



as family designations.* 'Sullivan More, in 909, was slain at the 
battle of Maigh Ailbo, and in 943, another O'Siillivan More with other 
great chiefs of Monster assembled and attacked the Danes, whom 
they defeated. O'Snllivan acted as general of the confederacy, and in 
personal conflict slew Moran, eon of the King of Denmark. Donel 
More, eighth from the first who asfiumed the name of 0' Sullivan, and 
a lineal descendant from Eogan More^ was the ancestor of both 
branches of the O'Sullivjin More and ■ Sullivan Bcare and Ban try. 
In the fifth volume of Sir William Botham-s Baronetage will be found 
the pedigree of the elder branch, to which belonged vaiions person- 
ages distinguished in the British civil service at the beginning of the 
century. The first Baronet, f long a mcmher of parliament, published 
several works on historical and philosophical subjects. In various 
historical and genealogical collections are found materials for the his- 
tory of the 0' Sullivan Beare. 

Donncl More, tlie common ancestor of the two branches of O'SnK 
livan More and Beare, was the twenty-fifth generation from OlioU ; 
and his great grandaon Anra-ny Lacken, according to the pedigree 
from the British Museum, Lord of Det^mond, and first Lord of Beare 
and Bantry, in Munster, flourifilied tJonie time in the thirteenth cen- 
tury. Our limits forbid any detailed account of this long line of chief- 
tains. Our object is simply to direct the attention of any who are 
interested, to what is recorded of them. 

Dermod, eleventh Lord of Beare and Bantry, came to an un- 
timely death from an explosion of gunpowder in his castle of Dun- 
boy, in 1549. He is described in the ancient chronicles as strong in 
war, formidable to bis enemieB ami dear to bis friends. His wife was 
Jnlia, daughter of Donnel, Prince of Carberry, by Elinor Fitzgerald, 
daughter of Gerald, eighth Earl of KibJare ; the mother of Donnel 
being daughter of Donnel, ninth Lord of Bearehaven, who died in 
1620. He left three sons mentioned in the Ilarleian Manuscript, 
already cited. 

Ist. Donnel, 13th Lord, killed in 1563, married Sarah O'Brien, 
daughter of Sir Donaugh^ Prince of Thomond, by the daughter of 
the first Earl of Thorn ond. He wan the father of Donel, the 15th 
Lord of Bearehaven, who was inangnrated as Chief of his country in 
1593, and was the leader of the Catholic armies in 1600, Overpower- 
ed by superior numbers, and discouraged by the defection of some of 
his allies too ready to make peace, after many battles with various for- 
tune, he went into Spain, where he entered the Spanish service, and 
was created Count of Bearehaven. He was killed in 1618, aged 5T- 
He married Ellen, daughter of Owen 0*Sullivan More, 7th Lord of 

• From Aodd DilE 10th jcfen. from Ollon, great grandson of An/crras the flrpt Clmstian King, 
were Ucrivod tho McCaitliica and 0*8ulllvnni4, the latter, acconlJng to autborfties mention^ 
by Reatlug, l«mg deKcondod from Florence or Fynen the elder hrr>ther» Sidlivrin, whose 
luime WHS attached to his d. . wa-^i the dihteenth from OliolL Tht > ' ich 

of the McCiirthleg, of Dcgn, luued in