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Volume XLV 










Volume XLV 



JPabliitmf Committer. 












REGISTER. ' ^ • 

JAKUAJIY, 1891. 


By the Hon. FEAifcia J. Paukib, of Buston, Mass, 

THE ancestor of all New-England families of the name was Danier 
Rindge, wbo wa» in Roxbiiry as early a» 1G39, and who was a 
re9t<lent of Ipswich in 164ii. He miirried Mnry Kinsman, the 
^oghter of Robert Kinsman ♦ by whom he had three sons and three 
daughters. Daniel Rindge died in February, 166L 

His eon Roger' was born June 19, 1657, and married, June 9, 
1684, Sarah Shatewell, daughter of Richard and Rebecca (Tuttle) 
Shftt^well, and granddaughter of Jolm and Joarma Shatswell, who 
were in Ipswich in 1G33* 

Roger Rindge's sou Daniel* married Ist, March 22, 1711-12, 
Sarah Knowlton, who died April 4, 1714; and 2d, Martha (Cald- 
wdl) Ayres, widow of Steplien Ayree, DanieF Rindge was killed 
bj Indians July, 1724, and in 172G his widow Martha Rindgo 
married John Wood. 

Daniel* Rindge^ the son of DtmieF and grandHon of Roger, was 
born Jan. 2G, 1721, and died Aug. 9, 1800. In January, 1745, 
he married ^lary Kimball, who was born Nov. 15, 1724, and who 
died probably in November, 1801. 

John" Rindge, son of Daniel,* was bom Sept. 25, 1759 ; May 18, 
1 :;-»;, he married Sarah Baker (bora Dec. 29, 1766; died Oct. 17, 
1524, at Ipswich). John* Rindge died Oct. 18, 1801, at Ipswich. 

Samuel" Rindge, the son of John/ was born at Ipswich, Jan. 29> 
1791 ; married Feb. 17, 1820, Maria (Bradlee) Wait nf Medford, 
Mid died at Cambridge, ^Vlass., July 3, 1858* Hia wife, born 
1791, died Feb. 1, 1850. 

Samuel Baker' Rindge, the son of Samuel and Maria, was born 
at East Cambridge, Dec. 26, 1820; married April 29, 1845, 
Clarissa Harrington, daughter of Nathaniel and Clarissa (Mead) 
Qairington ) , who was born at Lexington, Dec. 8, 1822, and who 
died Jan. 4, 1885. 

TOL. XLY. 2 

4 Samuel Baker Sindge, [Jan. 

«•' .• • 

Their chUdren were : — EUen-.Cleland Rindge, b. July 9, 1846 ; 
d. March 17, 1849. Frank "Harrington Rindge, b. April 14, 1850 ; 
d. Jan. 18, 1857^.-]Sfei7'bradlee Rindge, b. Sept. 18, 1853; d. 
Jan. 19, 1863;. -.JVederick Haatinge Rindge, b. Dec. 21, 1857. 
Samuel Hacrhigt^n' Rindge, b. Feb. 6, 1860; d. Jan. 16, 1863. 
Edward-JIafridgton Rindge^ b. Aug. 3, 1866; d. May 7, 1875. 

It 19 n^ in the study of the lives of public men only, that the 
jojiiT^a^ t*he people are to look for instruction ; but in every life there 
>.,& a lesson, perhaps of warning, perhaps of example, but in any case 
* worthy of perusal. Out of many such lives we find proof confirma- 
tory of the rule that every young man has within himself the 
possibility of success. There may be long years, which to the strug- 
gling youth will seem much longer than they are, of slow progress 
or apparently of want of progress, in the chosen or assigned path ; 
but every lad should have it firmly impressed upon his mind that 
steady persistence and quiet perseverance are sure to be rewarded in 
the end. This is one lesson in the life of Samuel Baker Rindge. 

Daniel Rindge, the father of Samuel B., was a hard-working man. 
For twenty-five years he held a position of responsibility in the New 
England Glass Works at Cambridge. Of his moderate income he 
managed usually to reserve something each year, and late in life he 
had some income from a small real property left by his brother 
Daniel ; but his oldest son knew that it was to his own exertions 
that he must look to advance himself in wealth and station. 

Equipped with the sound but limited education which was open to 
him in the schools at Cambridge (in one of whidi he was a school- 
mate of the Hon. William E. Parmenter), supplemented by one 
year's tuition at a school in Salem, at fifteen years of age he began 
his business life. In 1836 he entered the counting room of Parker 
& Blanchard* in Boston, as* the youngest boy. 

The writer still remembers him as he was when he made this start 
in his career. A ruddy cheeked lad, with dark, almost black hair 
of which he cherished two curls, one on each side in front of his 
ears ; with very bright eyes ; exceedingly quick in every movement, 
and very prompt to respond to every call. 

There was a great discrepancy in those days between the duty of 
the youngest boy in sueh a house, and the amount of his pay. His 
first year's salary did not usually exceed fifty dollare, and it was 
increased, possibly by fifty dollars, with each year of service. He 
was expected to obtain the keys in the morning, early enough to be 
in attendance before any one else ; to open the doors and window 
shutters ; to sweep, dust, make the fires and put everything in readi- 
ness for clerks and partners when they presented themselves. 
During the day he was at everybody's beck and caU, to run errands, 
to receive or deliver merchandise, often to carry bundles quite out 

« 8ee Memortal Biogntphia of the New-England Historic Genealqgieal Sodety, yol. Hi. 
page 223. 


Itmmel Baker Rind^, 

of proportion to hh own sise, and finally to remain until the laat 
person had left the building, and then to close the premiees carefully 
and return the keys to the house of one of the partners. Very 
likely in all this long day*fl work, he had only one meal, and in 
young Rindge'fl case, living as he did too far from the place of busi- 
ness to return to dinner, hie noon day luncheon was usually made 
irom a provision brought from home in the morning. Small aa his 
compensation was for several years, it is n(vt probable that in any 
year of his apprenticeship he failed to lay away something for his 
capital. Necessarily economical, he always kept an account of every 
trifling expenditure, a custom to which he adhered long after the 
ocoasion for such watchfulness had passed away. 

Busy as he was in the performance of his own duties, he yet made 
time to learn the duties of those above him, and he sought every 
opportunity to add something of their employment to his own. So 
that when promotion came he was at once able to assume the desk 
and to do the work of the place awaiting him. Nor was this all. 
He poaaeased not only the old-time New England thrift, hut also 
a large measure of Yankee enterprise. He was a natural trader. 
Ab a boy he knew the value of the various kinds of jack-knives and 
other objects which boys covet; and, when his accumulated capital 
came to be reckoned by eagles, he began to adventure in foreign trade. 

In those days there were many vessels, chiefly brigs of 151} to 200 
Ions, engaged in trading or under charter to the West Indies ur the 
Spanish main ; and, having, or making, the acquaintance of the 
masters of such vessels, young Rtndge would entrust to them little 
invoices of merchandise to be sold on joint account, the proceeds 
being usually returned in produce of the country^ Colfee, honey, 
wax and tamarinds were common items. It is not known that 
kis adventures were so peculiar as those made by Lord Titnothy 
Dexter of Newburyport ; but, among the last of Rindge's was one 
lo California of pop-corn, for which, having the only stock in the 
market, his returns were quite satisfactory . 

In such counting-rooms as that of Parker & Blanchard the usual 
advance of a boy was to a clerk^s position, and thence to be the head 
book-keeper and cashier ; and Sanmel B. Rindge followed that pro- 
motion. Like himself, however, he managed here also not only to do 
all the work of his own place, but to reach out and grasp additional 
work, and thereby to increase his usefulness and value to his employers. 
At every opportunity he would drop his pen, and hasten to meet 
uid wait upon a customer, until his value as a salesman became 
greater than as a book-keeper ; and when at twenty-live years of age 
he became a partner in the firm, he had, by doing work beyond what 
was mere compliance with Km duty, become fully acquainted with 
every department of a complicated business, and able to do or to 
direct whatever was to be done. 

To arrive at a partnership in an established business was for a man 

Samuel Baker Rindffe* 


so constituted and so educated, a beginning of sure success. There 
were pull-backa at times, losses by panics and depreciation in market 
values » but when Mr. Rindge died at gixty-three years of age, his 
property was valued at nearly two millions of dollars, all of which 
may be regarded as the accumulation of one who had entered busi- 
ness at its lowest step, and in the slow lapse of years had, by dint of 
faithful work, attained the highest plac«. Fidelity, Diligence, Intel- 
ligence and Perseverance were the magicians, who, out of nothing, 
had made so much : for his outside operations from first to last may 
be regarded as his amusement, and it is doubtful whether on the 
whole they resulted in any profit whatever. 

Mr, Rindge cared little or nothinfj for political position ; except 
for a year or two of service as an Alderman of Cambridge, he never 
held an office, and this he accepted without enthusiasm, and 
relinquished without regret ; yet he was not uninterested or inactive 
in political affairs, but gave a reasonable amount of time to atten- 
dance upon the caucuses and conventions of his party. In many 
places of trust, as director, manager and president of banks and of 
manufacturing and other corporations, his aasietance was valued and 
welcomed. Into such dudes he threw himself with ardor, for he 
could not be a cipher in any place, and in these and in many cases 
where appeal was made to his friendship or sympathy, he lavished 
timo, thought, and care without recom pence. 

With all his activity in business he was not absorbed by it. He 
found time for his home and family ; no one ever enjoyed an *^' out- 
ing " better than he, — his relish of a holiday, whether it was a day in 
the country or a year in Europe, was almost boyish in freshness. 
He had an excellent memory of persona, places, events and things. 
As he walked or rode, he was constantly alert, to see what was 
going on, and he saw everything. Before he was out of his teens 
he showed a tendency to be masterful with those under his direction. 
Under him a boy obtained a good schooling in affairs. It was use- 
less to try to hoodwink him, or to avoid his searching questions, 
Shiftlessness and laziness received no mercy at his hands. He seemed 
to require everybody under hie authority to be and do what he had 
been and had done. He was an exacting, but not an unkindly 

Habits of economy, which in his early life he had acquired of 
necessity, were never entirely shaken off, but he was neither miserly 
nor mean. His home was adorned with valuable works of art, his 
summer residence was spacious and costly, his living was generous. 

The suma of money which he lost by over confidence in personal 
or business friends might have been a considerable per-centage added 
to his wealth. 

Although he had warning of the danger, he refused to retire from 
active business, preferring to face all possibilities and to die, if it 
must be so, in the midst of the occupations which had been his 

1891,] Heffuiers of Parishes of Bedfordshire, Eng. 7 

delight from early youth ; and bo» after but a day or two of confine- 
ment « in almost the full poseesaion of bodily and mental strength, 
he died« of congestion of the brain, on the third day of May, 1883, 
and was buried in Mount Auburn in the presence of a great con- 
coarse of hia business associates, kinsfolk and {riende« 




Max>s bt FaEDEBic A. Blaydes, Esq., Shrnstons Lodge, Bedford. 

CommoiiicAted by Rufus Kixo, Esq., of Tonken, N. T. 

Ajipthill — Redborn Stoke. 
1602, Sep* 29, Jhephrie, son of Thomas Wodell 
Crjlnfield, Redborn Stoke. 

1602, Feb 24, W". son of Will'" Wodell of Warleyend 
1602, Oct* 10, John, son of Wm. Wodell de Elm 
1602, Ap' 25, Dorothy, dau. of Riclwrd Wodell of the Arke 

1602, Ap' 17, Elizabeth, daii. of Richard Wodell 

1603. Apr. 3, Eliz^ Odle, dan. of Isaace Odell 
1603, Apr. 10, Henry Odle ye sou of Thomas Odie 
1603, *' 25, Annye Odle, ye dau. of Robte Odle 
1603, Aug. 28, Elizabeth Odle, ye dau. of Abraham Odell 
1603, Dec 11, Johan Odle, ye dan. of Wyllm. Odle 
1603, Feb. 28, Henry Odle ye sou of Richard Odle 
1605, Apr. 2, Sara, dan. of Isaac Woddell 

1605, June 2, Richard, son of Will*m Woddell de Wharleyend 

1605, June 23, Elizabeth, dau. of Richard Woddle 

1605, Oct. 19, Thomas Woddell son of Richard 

1605, Nov. 23, Abraham, son of Abraham Woddell 

1605, Feb, 20, Thomas, son of Willm Woddle 

1607, Jan. 3, Tho. sou of Abraham Odle 

1607, Mar. 13, Mary, dau. of William Odle 

1608, ..... Judith, dau. of Isaac Odle 

1608, 25, Elizabeth, dau. of Wm. Odle 

1608 28, Clement, dau. of Wm Odle 

1609, Dec. 17, Richard, son of Thomas Wodell 

1609, Jan. 28, Alee, dan. of Inocent Wodell 

1610, Mar. 25, Agnes, dan. of Abr. Odell 

1610, Mar. 10, Robert, son of Wm. Odell 

1611, Aug. 4, Isaac, son of Isaac Woodell 
1611, Oct. 12, Eli2t^ dau. of Rich'* Woodell 
1611, Oct. 21, Mary, dau. of Abraham Woodell 
1611, Dec. 6, Rich^ aon ol William Woodell 

VOL. XLY. 2* 


Eegistera of Parishes of BedfardAhire^ Eng. [Jan, 

1612, Jaly 12, Agnes, daa. of Thorn. Odell 
1612, Jan. 17, John, son of Innocent Wodell 
1612, Jan. 24, Isaac, son of Abraiiam Wodell 
1612, Feb. 14, 8u!?iiu, dau. of Wm. Wodell 

1612, Feb. 28, Sara, dau. of Ric. Woddl 

1613, Aug. 22, Margaret, dau. of Isaac WodeU 

1614, Jan. 8, Fraacee, dau. of Rkbanl Wodell 

1615, Apr. 2, Miirie, dau. of Tbo" Odell 
1617, Apr. 6, Thomas, mm of Tho' Odell 
1617, Jan. 6, William, son of Wra Wooddell 
1620, Aug. 27, Sarah, dau. of Thoa. Otiell 

1620, Oct 15, Sarah, dau. of Thos. Odel! 

1621, Feb. 10, WilUam, son of Inocent Odell 

1622, Jan. 7, Jobu, sou of Thomas Odell 

1623, Feb. 15, Thos,, son of Thom Odell 

1624, Mch. 20, Thomas, son of Thos. WodeU 

1610, Not. 29, Richard Wodell and Alee Mason. 
1620, May 18, Geo. Barret and Joane Odell 

1620, Nov. 30, John Carter and Grace Odell 

1621, Nov. 26, William Armes and Agries Odell 
1621, Jan. 24, John Steen and Joane OdeU 


1603, Ap. 28, Henry Odle son of Thomas 
1605, Aug. 7, Sara, dan. of Isaack Woddell 

1609, Sep. 6, Thomas, son of John Wodell 

1610, May 5, Annis, dan. of Wm. Odell 

1611, Nov. 3, Mary, dau. of Abraham 

1612, Mar. 30, John Wodell 

1613, Mar. 10, Susanna, dau. of Wm. Wodell 
1615, June 22, William Odk of Worley 
1615, Aug. 13, A^ies 0«lle, widow 

1615, Oct. 24, Eli;!abeth Odle 

1616, Jan. 18, Richard Wodell 

1617, Apr. 10, Joane Woddel, wife of Richard 

1617, Apr. 25, Richard Woddel, de esche 

1618, Sep. 5, Alee, wife of John Odill 

1618, Sep. 23, Thomas Odle 

1619, Apr. 2, John Odell 
1621, Nov. 8, William Odell 

1624, Nov. 18, WiUiam Wodell 

1625, Sep. 21, John Woddell 

1625, Jan. 25, Thos. son of Thos. Woddell 

Marston-Mobetaine — Redbom Stoke 
1602, Sep. 19, Mary, dau. of W" Odell 

1602, June 6, Elizt\ dau. of Tho-. Odell 

1603, May 25, Thomas, son of Roberto Odell 
1603, June 13, John, son of John Odell 


Registers of Parishes of Bedfordshire ^ Eng, ^^^^^B 

■ 1604, 

July 22, 

Rob'., son of Rob' Odell H 

■ 1606, 

Marcb 1 

, John, son of William Odell ^^^H 

■ 1607, 

Julj 20, 

Gilbert, son of Robert Odell ^^H 

■ 1610, 

Apr. 17, 

Johao, dau. of Robert Odell ^^^H 

H 1611, 

Jan. 2, Marg*., dau. of John Odell _^| 

■ 1611, 

Sep. 29, 

Richard, son of Willm. Odell .^^H 

■ 1614, 

Sep. 4, Ricus, fil. Robii OdeU ^^H 

■ 1615, 

ApMl. ^^^ 

Richard, sou of John Odell ^^^^H 

■ 1616, 

Jan. 1, Richard, sou of 8te{>lK^D Odell ^^^H 

■ 1618, 

Dec. 20, 

Sarah, dau. of Jolm Odell ^H 

■ 1619, 

filay 2, Tho'. bod of Stephen Odell ■ 

■ 1621, 

July 22, 

John* son of Johu Odle ^H 

■ 1622, 

Dec 25, 

Ann, dan. of John OiUe ^H 

■ 1624, 

June 20, 

, William, sou of Stephen Odell ^H 

■ 1624, 

Sep. 26, 

William, 8on of John Odell, Sen', ■ 

■ 1624, JaD. l,Tho., BOO of John OdeU ^ 


Marriagei. ^H 

^m l604,No7. 30, 

Richarde Odell and Judeth PersevaD H 

^1 1607, 

Nov. 23, John Odell and Katherine Neale ^H 


Feb. 20, 

, Stephen Odell and Joane Basterfield ^H 

H 1618, 

Ap'. 19, 

John Odell and Elizt** Cooper _H 

H 1619, 

Oct. 11, 

John Assetdon and Agnis Odell ^^^^H 

H 1620, Oct. 23, 

John Odell and Suzan Stanbridge ^^^^H 

■ 1622. 

Oct. 22, 

John Odell m. Em. Dobes. ^^^1 


Apr. 9. 

John Taylor and Elizth Odell ^H 
BiiriaU, ^1 

H 1603, 

May 25, 

, Thomas, Bon of Robert Odell ^H 

■ 1607, 

, Aug. 7, 

Allies, wife of John Odell ^H 

■ 1611, 

July 13, 

, Marie, dau. of William Odell ■ 

■ 1615, 

Sep. 11, 

John Odell ■ 

^L 1616, 

, Feb. 22, 

, Katheryn wife of John Odell ^| 


, Feb, 23 

, Joane Odell^ widdow ^H 


, May 24 

, Margaret, wife of Robert Odetl ^1 


Dec. 23 

y Sarah, dau. of John Odell ^| 

^m 1620, 

Mch. 7, 

William Odell ■ 

^1 1620, 

, ** 16, 

Richard eon of John Odell ^^H 

■ 1621. 

, Sep. 23, 

Mary Odle ^^M 

■ 1621. 

Dec. 25 

, A^nes, wife of Tho*. Odle ^^^| 

H 1622, 

, Mav 12 

, Elizabeth, wife of Johu Odell, Sen' ^H 

^M 1 625, June 26, JohanDes fil Johis Odell ^| 

^M 1625, 

, Feb. 12, 

) Stephanos Odell ^H 

Keitpstok. ^^^^I 
Baptism, ^^B 


. Feb. 24, Robert, son of John Odill ^H 


Marriage* ^H 


, Nov. % 

Thomas Odell and Em. Radwell ^H 
BuriaL ^^H 

■i -, 

10 Beffiaters of Parishes of BedfardshirCf Eng. [Jan. 


1605, Nov. 10, Marie dan. of John Odill 

1607, Mar. 29, John, son of John Odell 

1610, June S, Richard son of John Odell 

1611, Jan. 26, Edward, son of John Odell 
1613, May 9, Elizabeth dan. of John Odell 

1616, July 21, Johan, dan. of John Odell 
1619, Oct 8, Joane, dan. of John Odell 

1603, Dec 5, John Odill and Johane Bingley 
1611, Dec 2, Jeremie Fearoe and Mary Odell of Cranfield 

1611, Mar. 31, Richard Odell 
1618, Apr. 80, Johan, dau. of John Odell 
1621, July 1, Agnes Odle, widow 



1606, Mar. 1, George, son of George Odell. 



1608, Nov. 4, Ellena, filia Thomas Odell 


1609, Feb. 23, Thomas, filius Thomas Odell 
1616,Jan. 11, EUzth. Odell 

1617, Jan. 30, Thomas Odell 


1617, Feb. 27, George, son of Thomas Odell 
1619, Jan 28, Alice, dau. of Thomas OdeU 

1614, Nov. 10, Thomas Wodell and Eliz^ Collope 

1619, Feb. 8, Alice OdeU 

16U, Nov. 6, Richard, son of John Odell 
1616, May 26, Maria, filia Johis Odell 
1619, Nov. 25, John, son of John Odell 
1621, May — , Thos., son of Tho. Odell 
1623, Oct 25, Hellenor, dau. of John Odell 
1625, Dec 7, Grace, dau. of Tho. Odell 

Wl55TTj Registers of Panshen of Bedfordtihirei Eng. 11 ^^^B 

^H Stotfold ^^^H 

^H Baptism g ^^^^H 
^^^ 1617, May 25, Maria, dau. of John Odell ^^H 

^^^H Marriage ^^| 
^^^ 1619, Sep. 13, Johea Odell and Rebecca Wbissoa ^^H 

^H Burial ^^^^H 

^M 1618, JuQ6 24, Anna, \xx JohU Odell ^H 

^^^^ Harlinotok ^H 

^V Baptisms ^H 
H 1622, OcL 6, William, boh of William and Frances Woodell H 
■ 1624^ Mar 20, Thomas, son of William and PVanc^ Odell ■ 

^H Marriage ^H 
^m 1617, Feb. 5, W^ Woodell aud Francis Brinkloo H 

^H Burial ^H 

^V 1625, Mar 26, ThoB., inf. aon of W" and Frances Odell ^H 

^^^f HuLCOT, Baptism ^^^H 
^^^ 1617, Ang. 17, John, son of Rich. Odell ^^H 

^H Marriage ^H 
^^ 1 621, Not. 1, Thomas West, of Soulbury, Com. Bucks and Suaao Odell ^M 

^H Buriah ^H 

^m 1620, July 2. Anne dan. Richard Odell ^B 
■ ^ 1624, June 7, Jane, wife of Richard Odle H 


^^^H MarriageM ^^^| 
^^P 1624, Oct. 18. Richard Odell and Katherine Cranfield ^^B 
^^^ 1619, Jan 28, Peter Lord and DoraLhy Odell H 


^^^^V Baptisms ^H 
^^V 1620, Jan. 14, Robert* sou of Thomas Odell ^M 
^^p 1622, Apr. 7, Elizabeth dan. of Thomas Odell ^^M 
^m 1625, Jan. 1 Mane dau of Tbo. Odell ^^M 


^V Marriage, ^H 
H 1620, Jalj 10, John Odell and Elizabeth Turney ^1 

^H Baptism ^H 
^M 1621, Oct 21, Elizabeth, dau. of John Odell ^H 

^B Burial ^M 

^^i 1621| Oct. 26, Elisabeth, dau. of John Odell H 

12 Mmrriagt9 1m JSaai Parish^ JBridgewaHr^ Mass. [Jan. 


1623, Aug. 11, John and Elisabeth children of Thomas Barker and 

Elizabeth Odell his wife 
1625, Sep. 11, Alice dan. of John Odell and Agnes Hill 
1625, Jan 8, John Son of John Odell and Ann Hill 


1623, Ang. 11, Elizabeth Odell, wife of Thomas Barker 


1624, Oct 7. George Odell and Jane Smith 
1624, Nov. 25 Henry Odell and Elizabelh Godfrey 

1624, Jaly 2, Isabell wife of Henry OdeU 
1624, Dec 26, Henry Odle 
1624, Jan. 80 fnizabeth wife of Henry Odell 



1624, Jan. 17 John Odle and Marie Hill 


BapUnn and Burial 

1625, Sep. 25, Richard, son of Richard Odle and bar. Oct 3 


1625, July 27, Joane wife of Edward Odell 


From Maboh 4, 1725, to August 8, 1803, 

By the Bev. John Angler* (settled 1724, died April 1^ 1787), and the Bey. Samael 
Angier,t his son and colleagae (settled i787» died Jan. 18, 1805). 

Commanicated by the Bey. HsmT F. Jbnxs. AM^ of Canton. Mass., fVom the original 

manascript in the possession of Hiss Mary H. Bast, of East Bridgewater, 

greot-great-grand-dai^bler of the Bey. John Angier. 

March 4th 1725 — I majry'd Samuel Beale and Ifary Baatett 

June 80th 1725 — I marry'd Mr. Theodosins Moore, and Mra. Sarah Pryer. 

Janry 5th 1725-6—1 marry'd Daniel Johnson and Betty Lathum. 

• Bey. John Angier waa bom in Watertown, Jaly 1, 1701, gradaated Haryard College 
1720, married Noy. 28, 1732, Mary, daaffhter of Ezra Boame of Sandwich. 

t Bey. Samael Angier was bom March 20, 1743, gradaated Hanrard College 1763, 
married 1796, Jadith, daughter of Bey. Joahaa Smith of FMaliroks. 


1891.] Marria^i in Sust Pariah y Bridgewater, Mass, IS 

Noverabr 29tb 1726 — I marry*d Henry Kingman juur. and Mary Allen. 

Janry. I7ib 1726-7 — I marry'd Deacon Recompense Cary and Sarah 

Novemr. 1 1 727 — I manyM Jobu Thomas of Pembroke and Mary Cowet 
of Bridgewftter, botb Indians^ 

Novemr. 22d 1727 — I marry 'd Thomas Wbilman and Jemima Alden, and 
at the same time 

I marry'd John Alden and HanDab Eangman. 

May 15tb 172S — I marry'd Isaac Hayward and the widow Martha Per- 

Octobr. 15th 1729 — I marry'd Christopher Askins and Susanna Robinson. 

NorE.—C. ErsMn from Irolaml ni, 8,, dau. of Gain Robinson, 1729* — See 
Mitchell's Uist. of Bridgewater. 

Novemhr. 10th 1720 — I marry 'd John Whitman and Elizabeth Cary. 
Novembr. 13Lh 1729 — I marry 'd Caleb liraud aud Damaris James both 

Decemr. Slst 1729 — I raarry'd Samuel Pratt and Bethtah Byram. 
Jany. 1st 1729 — I marry 'd Benjamin Allen and Mehitabel Cary. 
Jany. 23 1729 — 1 iiiarry*d Zechariah Whilmarsh of Weymuutb and Haonah 


None. —1729 in the last two entries should probably be written 1729-30* as 
MItcheir» Hist, of Bridgewater gives 1730. 

April IGth 1730 — I marry'd William Davenport and Sarah Richards. 
NoTembr. 12th 1730 — I marry*d Timothy Hayward and the widow Mary 

Read; and the same night I marry'd Arthur Harris and Mehetaljel 

October 2l8t 1731 — I marry'd John Johnson and Peggie Hoi man. 
Deoembr. 13th 1732 — I marry'd Joseph Newel and Hannah Pierce. 
Febry. 1st 1732-3 — I marry'd Arthur Lathum and Alice Allen. 
Aprl 24tb 1733 — 1 marry'd Samuel Allen aud Susanna Perkius. 
Jane 14th 1733 — I marry'd Ebenezer Shaw and Mary Read. 
Jtily 5th 1733^ — I marry'd John Allen and Lydia Kiugman. 
Angst 5th 1733 — I marry'd John Cary aud Susanna Alleu* 
Octobr. 18ib 1733 — ^I marry'd Jonathan Pitcher of Norwich and Mehetabel 

Patingal of Bridgwater. 
Decembr 11th 1733—1 marry*d David Hill and Mary Buck. 
Janry loth 1733-4 — I marry'd Nathaniel Pratt and Sarah Allen. 
June 20th 1734 — I marry'd John Holman and Ann Harris, 
July llth 1734 — 1 marry'd Joseph Newel aud Rachel Sylvester of Pem- 
Augst 22d 1734 — I marry'd Chin the negro man that belongs to John 

JohuBoo, and Rose, the negro woman that belongg to Sam'l Beale. 
Octobr. 8th 1734 — 1 marry'd John Cary and Sarah Drake. 
Decmbr 18th 1734 — I marry'd Matthew Allen aud Sarah Harden. 
July 22d 1735 — I marry'd Thomas Kiif and Mary Buntou. 
Kovembr llth 1735 — I marry'd Matthew Allen jun*r. and Sarah Brett 
NoTembr. 19th 1735 — 1 marry'd Seth Alleu & Rebecca Rtckard of 

Jme 24th 1736-^1 marry'd Gideon Ramsdel of Hanover and Sarah Far- 

July 1 5th 1 736^1 marry'd Andrew Bearse of Halifax and Margaret Dawes 

of Bridgwater. 

14 Marriages in JSast Parish^ Bridgewater^ Mass. [Jan. 

Feby. 8d 1736-7 — I marry'd BeDJamin Vickery and Mary Allen. 

Feby. 8th 1736-7 — I marry'd Ezra Gary aod Mary Holman. 

Feby. 23d 1736-7—1 marry'd Micah Allen and Hannah Edson. 

Jany. 17th 1737-8 — I marry'd Jonathan Perkins & Bethya Hay ward. 

Jany. 3l8t 1737-8 — I marry'd David Pratt and Ann Leonard. 

Feby. 2d 1737-8 — ^I marry'd Samuel Robbin & Bathsheba Wompom In- 

July 13th 1738 — ^I marry'd David Whitman and Susanna Hay ward. 

Oct 11th 1738 — I marry'd Josiah Hay ward & the Widow Sarah Moore. 

Novr 22d 1738—1 marry'd Eleazar Washburn and Anna Alden 
Ephraim Gary and Susanna Alden, 
Ebenazer Byram to Abigail Alden, and also 
Benaiah Smith of Easton & Mary Hill of (this ?) Town. 

Decembr 2l8t 1738 — I marry'd Seth Mitchell and Anne Lathum. 

Decembr 26th 1738 — I marry'd James Radsford and Margaret Balls. 

March 27th 1739 — ^I marry'd Jonathan Allen of Braintree, and the widow 
Alice Lathum. 

May 16th 1739 — I marry'd Samuel Harden and Elizabeth Wade. 

Novr 20th 1739 — I marry'd Bridgwater & Kate, Gol. Holman's negroes. 

Deer 10th 1739 — I marry'd Gharles Gushman and Mary Harvey. 

Decembr. 2 1st 1739 — I marry'd Benjamin Vickery and Mary Kingman. 

December 25th 1739 — I marry'd John Buck of Bridgwater and Mary 
Eames of (Norton ?). 

September 16th 1740 — I marry'd Daniel Richards and Mary Packard, and 
at the same time I marry'd William Packard and Sarah Richards. 

April 28th 1741 — I marry'd Josiah Allen and Sarah Orcutt. 

May 20th 1741 — I marry'd Arthur Harris and Bethiah Hayward. 

June 23d 1741—1 marryM Seth Whitman and Ruth Read. 

Nov. 11th 1741 — I marry'd Jonathan Bass junr. and Susanna Byram. 

Deer. 3d 1741 — I marry'd Ichabod Gary and Hannah Gannett. 

Jany. 6th 1741-2 — I marry'd Benjamin Hayward and Sarah Gary. 

Jany. 28th 1741-2 — I marry'd Daniel Gary and Martha Gary. 

June 30th 1742 — I marry'd Jesse Byram and Abigail Thurston 

Aug. 4th 1742 — I marry'd Hugh Orr and Mary Bass. 

Nov. 9th 1742 — I marry'd Eleazar Whitman and Abigail Alden. 

Novem. 10th 1742 — I marry'd James Allen and the widow Ann Pryor. 

Novem. 11th 1742 — I marry'd Zachariah Gary and Susanna Bass. 

Decem. 13th 1742 — ^I marry'd Japhet Byram and Sarah Allen. 

Decern. 16th 1742 — 1 marry'd Joseph Allen and Susannah Packard. 

March 16th 1743 — I marry'd John Whitman and the widow Hannah 

Novem. 30th 1743 — I marry'd Nathan Allen and Rebecca Read. 

Jan. 18th 1743-4 — I marry'd Daniel Howell and Deliverance Latham. 

Feb. 7th 1743-4 — I marry'd John Edson and Mary Gannet. 

May 28th 1744 — I marry'd Robert Dawes and Lydia Harden. 

June 7th 1744 — I marry'd Joseph Gannet junr. and Betty Latham. 

Sept 27th 1744 — I marry'd Naphtali Byram and Hannah Pratt. 

Octob. 17th 1745 — I marry'd Samuel Beale and Elisabeth Blackman. 

Octob. 24th 1745 — I marry'd Elisha Allen and Rebecca Pratt 

Decem. 17th 1745 — ^I marry'd Joseph Byram & Mary Bowditch of Brain- 

fTo be oontinued.] 

!S91.] Pre-Columbian Voyages of the Weisl 



By the RcY. B. F. Db Costa, D,D., of New York City, 

Antlqailteti or Remnants of History, arc, as said, Tanquam Tabula naufnigiU 
llllte planks of a *?hlpwrefk, wbcn industrious persona, by an exa<^ and wL-rnpti- 
lous (lili£ji nee and observation, ontof monaments, names, words, proverbn, traill- 
jtion^, jtrivate records and evidences, fragmeuts of stones*, passages of books that 
concern o*jt stor>\ and the like, do save and recover somewliat from the deluge 
I Of lime. — Aid/vancimmt of Learning. 

TiiE alleged vo3\age8 to America by the Welsh, set down 

for the year 1170, form a subject that has never received the 

tattention to which it is entitled by American writers, while id Great 

Britain it haa not been treated with anything like justice. No 

monograph of a really meritorious or exhaustive character had ever 

been devoted to this important tljeme either in Europe or America. 

[Superficial sketches are certainly not wanting, while the alleged 

royage haa often been referred to In historical and general works, 

fmnd the probabilities of the case have sometimes been discussed. 

Comparatively little historical criticism, however, has been applied 

to the voyage of Madoc, son of the Prince of Wales, while, as if by 

0ome kind of an understanding, tlie most of that class of writers who, 

lunih good reason, might have been expected to have studied the 

subject with care, have either ignored the voyage, or contented 

themselves with a few irrelevant remarks which serve to show that» 

in reality, they were unacquainted with the merits of the case. 

Justice requires us to point out that one cause of this neglect may 

be foQud in the fact that the discussion with regard to the voyages 

of the Northmen to America, which began with the opening of the 

eleventh century, had the prior claim to notice, being superior both 

.in interest and importance, and quite overshadowing the modest 

[claim of the Welsh. The Northmen, for more tbnn half a century 

[lust past, have largely monopolized the attention of many inquirers 

[eoficerning the Pre-Columbian History of America, On the other 

[band, injudicious advocates of the Welsh have done much to create 

tprejudice and distrust. It is not improbable, too, that Southey, by 

[liis poem of " Miwioc," did considerable to convey the impression 

[that the subject was really a theme quite removed from the sphere 

Icf veritable history. 

I The present, however, would appear to be a favorable time for 
WB reopening of the discussion, since the voyages of the Northmen 
mm now eubetantially accepted, and the Sagas are received as 
genuine histories. Indeed there should never have been any doubt 
on thifi point. Critics like Alexander Von Humboldt did not doubt, 

VOL. XLV. 3 

16 Pre-Columbian Voycigea of the Welsh. [Jan. 

even at the outset. That great investigator frankly accepted the 
records, and was of opinion that the scene of the Northmen's exploits 
was to be found on the coast of New England. George Bancroft, 
on the contrary, taught for about half a century, in the various edi- 
tion of his History of the CJnited States, that the Icelandic records 
were *' mythological in form and obscure in meaning," but in the 
edition of his work published in 1883, he dropped all reference to 
the subject, and has since had the frankness to admit that, in taking 
that view of the subject, he fell into error. The conviction of the 
great proportion of students, especially in Europe, is now so clear 
and decided with regard to the reality of these voyages and the 
historical character of the narratives, that few persons will be likely 
to concern themselves much in the future with regard to objections 
that may be urged. The way, therefore, is now open for the dis- 
cussion of the claims of the Welsh, as Pre-Columbian voyagers to 
the shores of North America. One may come to this discussion 
with the more confidence, for the reason that old time prejudice is 
dying out, and that every year there are fewer to be found, who ask 
with the irony of Imogen : 

"Prithee, think 
There's livers out of Britain ? " 

In opening this discussion, therefore, we may well quote some 
observations by Humboldt, who, speaking of the "obscurity which 
still shrouds the voyage of the Gaelic Chief Madoc,** to "a Western 
Land 1170," observes : 

** It is much to be desired that, in our days, when a sound and 
severe spirit of criticism, devoid of a character of contempt, pre- 
vails, the old investigations of Powell and Richard Hakluyt might 
be resumed in England and Ireland." Continuing, he says, "I do 
not participate in the rejecting spirit which has, but too often, thrown 
popular tradition into obscurity, but I am, on the contrary, firmly 
persuaded that, by a greater diligence and perseverance, many of 
the historical problems which relate to the maritime expeditions of 
the early part of the middle ages • * • will one day be cleared by 
the discovery of facts with which we have hitherto been entirely un- 

Let us now proceed to inquire upon what the claim of the Welsh 
to Pre-Columbian enterprise in America is founded? It will be 
noticed that we do not say the Pre-Columbian Discovery of America, 
because, unlike the Northmen, the ancient Welsh did not claim the 
discovery of "New Lands." The discoveries of the Northmen 
formed a somewhat great surprise in Iceland and Scandinavia, but 
they did not suppose for a moment that they had found a new 
Continent. On the contrary, they believed that the new lands at 
the West formed an arm of Europe, stretching around the polar 
region from Norway to Greenland, extending thence indefinitely 
southward. Still they knew nothing of our land until Biame, when 

JPre'Cohimhian Yoijages of the Welsh, 



Bailing for Greenland, was blown upon the coast. The Welsh, on 
the contrary, iliJ not exhibit surprise on reaching a land at the west. 
In iiiet* evervthiug would «eem to indicjite that they knew of that 
land, probably by contact with i\\v Northmen, and that Madoc mailed 
expecting to reach some part of the region known as Vinland. 
Ninety-five years before the voyage of Madoc, Adam of Bremen, 
after a visit to Denmark, wrote that '* a region had been discovered 
iby many in that [Western] Ocean, which was called Winliiiid, be- 
cause vines grow there spontaneously, making excellent wine ; for 
that fruita, not planted, grow there of their own accord we know, 
not by fake rumors, but by certain testimony of the Dunes," which is 
accord with the pleasant and fruitful countries reporteil by Madoc. 
The proof upon which the voyages of Madoc to the New World 
?8t, may be dividetl into two parte, taken respectively from Pre- 
^K>luuil>ian and Post-Columbian sources. First, we give the Pre- 
►lumbian statements taken from the Welsh Bards and Chroniclera, 
lough it may be proper to jireface our quotations with a lew re- 
larks concerning the ancient literature of the Welsh, which carries 
back to a period before the Cliriatian era. 

With the introduction of Christianity into Wales, where the wor- 
ship of Christ was established under an Episcopal Church govern- 
ment, long before the Roman missionaries turned their steps towards 
Great Britain, letters were cultivated and oral poetry and tniditions 
were committed to writing, the Bards assuming a high position in 
the nation. These bards were not musical vagrants, roving, harp 
I jn band, through the country side, singing songs for what they could 
pick up. The poet and the harpist formed separate offices, ami 
while some poets were skilled in the use of this instrument, others 
were not, while many compositions were not adapted to mu-^icul ex- 
II pr ession. Besides, as fully recognized by scholars like Sharon 
jHS^urner, tlie verses of the bards ha<l other uses, being more or less 
^H^f a historic character, and preserving important facts in Briti:<h 
^^kietory. The poetry of the ancient Welsh did not possess the won- 
^Hkrful characteristics of Icelandic Terse, nor did the Welsh cultivate 
^Iprose in proportion to verse. Iiideed, Icelanders were the first of 
' ^all European people to produce a high style of original vernacular 
jiroee. The WeJsli literature cannot take rank with the Icelandic, 
>rtion8 of which, as for instance the Eddas and the Himekringla, 
ill hold their high place like the productions of Homer and 
Herodotus, while literature endures. The Icclan<lie writings, too, 
kve an advantage in their greater popularity, since the mcmt serious 
s have been made to obscure the glory of Welsh liteniture, to 
it in the background, and even destroy it, the Bards at one 
ime being conaidered as politically dangerous. Hence it eot<t a 
ivere effort to bring out that great collection of Welsh literature, 
vyrian Arcliaiology," in three royal octavo volumes, forming an 
iperishable monument of Welsh industry and genius. Yet, not- 


18 Pre-Columbian Voyages of the Welsh. [Jan. 

withstanding the extent of this collection, taken together with a 
large quantity of unpublished material, it may truly be said that we 
now possess only a comparatively small portion of the ancient 
writings, many of which were destroyed by vandals, while fire and 
neglect have largely supplemented other destructive agents. The 
subject of Madoc must have engaged the attention of many poets 
and chroniclers, for it would be idle to suppose that the few scraps 
that remain are all that were ever written. Let us, however, turn 
to these surviving fragments and observe their bearing upon what 
later writers have laid down with respect to the Western voyages of 
the Welsh chief. 

The first authority to be quoted is Lywarch ab Llwelyn, who 
flourished at the close of the thirteenth century. Speaking, evidently , 
of the two brothers, Hywal and Madoc, he says : 

** Two princes of strong passions broke off in wrath, 

The maltltade of the earth did not love them ; 
One on land in Avron allaying ambition, 

And another, a placid one, on the bosom of the vast ocean. 
In trouble great and immeasurable, 

Prowling after a possession easily guarded, 
Estranged from every one for a country.'* 

This translation, from Stephens's *^ Literature of the Cymry " 
(II. §2), is accepted as literal, and, like the rest of his translations, 
it is considered by judges entirely reliable, conveying both the letter 
and the spirit of the text. The original is found in *' Myvyrian 
Archaiology'' (1.283). 

We have here the picture of a sea rover, whose story was well 
known by the people, who would at once recognize its faithfulness ; 
while the incidental character of the reference renders it all the more 
valuable. The same Bard makes an additional allusion to Madoc, 
wliere, speaking of the latter's brother lorworth, he says that 
lorworth met the Saxons by Llanwynwry's Lake, and describes him as 

*♦ Nephew of Madoc, whom we more and more 
Lament that he is gone ." 

That " Madoc disappeared from his native country," Stephens, a 
hostile and able critic, frankly admits as *' proved beyond a doubt." 
This appears, he says, from the poem of "The Hot Iron," which 
gives an account of the trial of one who was accused of having 
murdered the sea rover. The accused says : 

" Good iron I exonerate me 

From the charge of having slain Madoc, 
And show that he who slew the fair Prince 
Shall have no part of heaven." Myr. Archaiol. I. 289. 

Madoc son of Gwynedd is not to be confounded with that Madoc 
who, in 1180, was slain by Thomas, his drunken brother. 

A later Bard, Meredydd ab Bhys, who wrote about the year 
1440, also shows distinctly that Madoc was a sea rover : 

" Madoc am I who through my life 
By sea will seek my wonted prey/' 

18^1.] Pre-Columhian Voijagei of the Welsh. 


In the 1583 edition of Hakluyt'e Voyages there are found some 
iDcient lines which, the author eaya, "I received of my learned friendi 
AVilliam Camden." The English version runa : 

" Kftdoc I am the Sonne of Qwen GwyneddT 

With stature large and comely grace adorned : 

Ko land at home, nor store of wealth me please. 

My mind was whole to search the ocean seas." 

Camden evidently drew the lines from Rhys. At the period when 
the latter wrote, the accased man had been exonerated from the 
murder of Sladoc, and it was concluded that the adventurer had lost 
his life on the sea, which may have been the cai^e, as we dfi not 
know the result of his last western voyage. The poet, Cynddelu, 
rho lived about the time of Llywelen, wrote : 

And U not Madoc by the whelming wave 

Slain? How I sorrow for thu holpful friend I — 

Evon In battle be wiilh. free from lijite. 
Yet not in valu ^ra-sptd he tlie warrior'!* npear." 

^V But nowj whither did Madoc sail, and in what land beyond the 
r sea did he make the scene of enterprise ? In partial reply we may 
I quote the Pre-Columbian Genealngiea compiled by Icvan Brecva, 

I which say that " Madoc and Riryd found land far In the w^est and 

^K settled there." William Owen, in the "Cambrian Biographij'^ 
^V (p. 233), says that the expedition is recorded in a book of pedin^ees 
by Brecva, written about the year 1466. This is supported by 
Guttyn Owain, a distinguished poet and genealogist who wrote be- 
tween 146U and 1490. 

But we must quote here from the ancient Triad of the " Three 
Disappearances,^' found in " UaTubro-Briton" (Vol. I. 1820, p, 
123) » which makes the third remarkable Disappearance, that of 
"Madawg, son of Owain Gwyiiedd, who accompanied by three 
hundred men, went to sea in ten ships, and it ia not kno\\Ti to what 
place they went." 

We should not hesitate to consider such testimonies ♦ because they 
are associated with some things that are marvellous. Discrimination 
must be used. The essential fact given in the Triad is, that Madoc 
went to sea with ten ships. The writer did not know the exact 
tinntion of the fleet. The point he makes is, that the diaappear- 
ce of Madoc and his fleet was a remarkable occurrence. This is 
all that he wanted to convey. He was not writing to convince any- 
one that an enterprise was undertaken. He had no interest in show- 
ing that the Welsh knew of a ^reat land in the West. The fact 
was of no account at that period. He was simply writing a Triad, 
doc's well-known ctwe formed one side of the triangle. We 
uld simply try to put ourselves buck in tlie age when the Triad 
written, and feel its force as a testimony to the voyage uf Madoc 
upon the Atlantic. 

These testimonies are of more consequence than, possibly, they 



20 Pre-Columbian Voyages of the Welsh. [Jan. 

may appear at the outset. Carefullj considered, it will be evident 
that they cover six important points : 

1. That there was a well-known historic person named Madoc, the son 
of Gwynedd, Prince of Wales. 

2. That he was a sailor, whose natural disposition drew him to adven- 
tares on the sea. 

3. That this Madoc made westward voyaj^es on the Atlantic. 

4. That after the first voyage, upon which he embarked more or less 
secretly, he was supposed to have been murdered, while, on trial, the 
accused man was cleared. 

5. That he reappeared in Wales, raised a company of three hundred 
men and women, embarking the company in ten ships, with the intention of 
returning to the site of his colony. 

6. That he sailed westvvard for the purpose of founding a colony and 
never returned. 

These are statements that antedate the voyage of Columbus, and 
come down to us from a period when discoveries on the Atlantic 
were viewed with general indifference by the Welsh, who found 
such matters of interest only in the incidental manner pointed out, 
while no glory was ever claimed in connection with Madoc's enter- 
prise, the genealogist and poet being concerned only in the melan- 
choly result. This is testimony of a kind that must inevitably have 
force with minds accustomed to weigh historic evidence. 

We now turn to the Post-Columbian proof. First of all we find 
Powell adding to our facts, and showing the course taken by Madoc 
on his first voyage, for he '* lefl the coast of Ireland so far north that 
he came to a land unknown."* Powell gives as his authority (and 
his statements are accepted by Hakluyt) the Herald Bard, Gutty n 
Owain, who flourished, as we have seen, before Columbus. This 
statement attributed to Owain was first published in Post-Columbian 
times, but there is no sufi&cient reason for doubting that it was con- 
tained in some one of the many versions of his works, and was taken 
thence by Powell, as the latter declares. 

Portions of the narrative given in the notef below are plainly unhis- 
torical. The intelligent reader will discover the chaff. It should 

• The use of this work does not interfere with the belief that the Welsh knew of the 
voyages of the Northmen. Seventeenth century voyagers often spoke in this way of lands 
already discovered but not explored. 

t Po well's narrative states, as one result of dissension in Wales, during the twelfth cen- 
tury, that Madoc, son of Owen Gwyneth, *Mefl the land in contention betwixt his brethren 
and ])repnred certaine hhips, with men and munition, and sought adventure by seas, sailing 
West, and leaving the coast of Ireland so farre North that he came to a land nnknowen, 
where he saw many strange things." " This Land," Powell illogically says, •' must needs 
be some part of that countrey of which the Spaniards afflrme themselves to l>e the first 
fiiHlcr«j since Hanna's time. For by reason and order of Cosmogiaphie, this land to which 
Matloe came, must needs be some parts of Nova Hispania, or Florida. Whereupon it is 
manifest that that countrev was long l>efore by Dritaine discovered, afore cither Columbus 
or Americas Vesputius led any Spaniards thither." 

♦* Of the Voyage and retume of this Madoc," Powell says, "there may be fables fainedas 
the common people do use in distance of place and length of time rather to augment than 
to diminish, but sure it is that he was there. And after he had returned home, and de- 
clared the pleasant and fruitful countreys that he had seen without inhabitants, and upon 
the contrary part, for what barren and wilde ground his brethren and nephews did morther 


''Columbian Voyages of the WeUi 

be obBerved, howover, that this particular narrative haa been made 
the subject of numerous sketches, superficial articles, by writers in- 
capable of perceiving what was required of a critic, and Avho, after 
despatching the Mexican allusions, have fondly regarded the claims 
ofthe Welsh as laid to rest. It will be necessary, however, to 
separate what is mere conjecture from what is supported by solid 
testimony, and especially that testimony which is drawn from 
ancient writings. The study of Mexican antiquities long ago per- 
BUaiilcd the historical world that the use of the Cross had no necessary 
connection with Christianity. The forced interpretation ofthe facte 
by Powell grew out of the desire to antedate the Spanish claim to 
the New World. The struggle between England and Spain waa 
coming on apace. The Armada was already foreshadowed, and men 
were ready for any pretext to urge against Spain. Powell, howev- 
er, made a poor use \ji the facts, and would have done the Welsh a ser- 
vice ii' he had abstained from speoidation, since, by false deductions, 
he prejudiced a large numi>er of writers against the whole subject. 

AVc have now to turn to another Post-Columbian writer. In 
lC34t Sir Thomas Herbert published, "A Relation of Some, yeares 
TravaiUy^ in which (p. 217) he gives additional particulars relating 
to the voyage of Madoc, saying that Madoc " put to sea from 
Abergwilley,^' that "' after some weeks sailing due west he descried 
land, probably New Foundland ; but whatever it was, it overjoyed 
him." He continues, "Madoc then ranged the coajst .... fixed on 
a spot to form his intended settlement. After he had stayed there 
awhile to recruit the health of his men, he fortified his settlement 
and left 120 there to protect it/' Returning to Wales, he organized 
a second expedition and went back with his ten ships, and found 
"few of those whom he had left remaining," but, with the help of 
Kis hrothers Eneon and Edwal, put things once more in good order, 
and remained there some time, expecting the arrival of more of their 
countrymen .... but they never came, and caused grievous disap- 
pointment," as the wars in Wales prevented further help. For 
authorities he refers to " Cynwric ab Grono, Meredydd ab Rhys, 
Guttain Owttin, Lloyd, Howell, Prys [Rhys?], Hackluit, Brough- 
lon, Furchaa, Davy and otbere." 

~ '"- ' ' " -' - " V : T -. - , --^ ^jjj jjjjjj g^^^ ^g„ ^^^] women as 

liifi friend* looki- liis j mruty tliitlier- 

'if' :iTi.! bl-i pru] !,-' \vh '•■iT.'.J jMirt. of 
■ . ■ ■ .'.I in 

I . . I . . . .. . . i. not 

rlic laugiM|tro tbey 

• b Ih« ojime in the 

own nntion, 

f lijLtniii with 

wriUT, with 

juil^iuiukt, " UuU tlic IduJI wlii^ruunto ht^ cauie Wii» iioar bouiu purt ol Mexico. Tbo 

Ml whicli nmke me to tliink mj lie thcfle. I. The eommou report ofthe inhiiliitiints of 

iTitrey, which aflirm that thcyr rulers descended IVom a strange nntinn that came 

rniiii a Cirre couivtrfv, which theoiy is confessed by Monteznma, Kin;? of that; 

,V, tn nn oration made for ({uicttng his people, at bis suhmijiiHiion to the King of 

Hrrnnno Corteft being thtan present 2. The British word£ and names of plncet 

that t'ountry, elc.** 

22 Pre-Columbian Voyages of the Wehh, [Jan. 

On this it may be observed, first, that, in the time of Herbert, 
the interest in the subject of America had increased, and that, while 
this would tend to the amplification of facts, and the exercise of 
imagination, it would, at the same time, lead to inquiry among the 
Welsh for additional information. Herbert, indeed, produces an 
additional name, in the Pre-Columbian Bard, Cynwric ab Grono. 
Why, therefore, should not Sir Thomas be credited when he tells 
us that he found new matter respecting the voyage? It is a fact, 
that he had access to the finest and by far the most valuable collec- 
tion of ancient Welsh manuscripts ever brought together, that of 
Khaglan Castle, collected by his relation, the distinguished £»rl of 
Pembroke. Why are not these ancient testimonies produced ? In 
reply, it may be said that Khaglan Castle, one of the first of British 
Castles, was destroyed during the Cromwellian Wars. 

No one has yet produced any real reason for questioning the 
veracity of Sir Thomas Herbert, and the only course open to the 
average mind among the promiscuous eulogists of Columbus, who 
do not understand the real merits of the Genoese and are bitter 
against all Pre-Columbian adventurers on the high seas, is to employ 
the common, if not convincing argument, and to declare, in the 
terms of the unhistorical class to which they belong, that Sir 
Thomas Herbert falsified. 

As it remains, however, no one has yet shown a shadow of a 
reason for questioning Herbert's veracity, though we may properly 
criticize the use he made of his material ; for certainly Madoc sailed 
from Wales. That fact is indisputable, and he must have sailed 
from some port. That the name of the port lingered in tradition, 
being preserved in some one of the many Rhaglan manuscripts, 
is very likely, and it is not at all unlikely that Sir Thomas should dis- 
cover that the name of the port was Abergwilley. At least he says 
so, and it is the business of the critic, in the absence of Sir Thomas 
himself, to prove that it is false, which cannot be done simply by 
declaring it false. That the Welsh adventurer should have built a 
fort in the land to which he sailed is not very remarkable. There 
were doubtless more things in the Rhaglan archives than are just 
now dreampt of in our histories, and doubtless the fuller story of 
Madoc's voyage was preserved there in chronicles, which, together 
with many precious historical treasures, perished by fire. Indeed 
the wholesale destruction of Welsh manuscript in many parts of 
Great Britain is simply deplorable. At one time for instance nearly 
a hundred copies of the Chronicle of Caradoc existed in manuscript, 
but now nearly all have disappeared. This is not very surprising, 
however, when we consider the fact that no copy of the earliest edi- 
tions of the New England Primer is known, though the book was 
one scattered abroad as thickly as the leaves in Vallanibrosa. 
Under the circumstances, considering the indifference of the Welsh 
towards the early voyage, how poor would be the chance for the 

18SL] Pre-Columbian Voyages of th^ Wehh. 



pereervation of the story of Madoc. The possibility, noverthelees, 
ia, tliat tlic cla^s of partisan writers who are unable to make the noble 
Columbus ap(>ear as great as they wish, will continue to throw dirt at 
Sir Thoraas Herbert, who was an upright man and a diligent student 
of the Welsh language and literture. 

It is true that the voyage is not mentioned by Giraldua Cam- 
breneis, who lived at the period of Madoc, but, like most writers of his 
doss, he cared nothing about such subjects. It is also true, that the 
^^jnge h not raenlioned in any cojiy of Guttyn Owain now accessi- 
but it is also a fact, that no two copies of these old narratives 
were alike, being furnished by the author at different periods, and 
for different persons and places, a book written out in old age being 
entirely different from the history of the eame subject in early years. 
Whether Guttyn mentioned Madoc in one of his earlier or one of his 
later compositions, it is impossible to say, but the variety in the 
manuscripts is nevertheless pointed out and dwelt upon in " Mymj- 
rian Archaiology^*' though not with the slightest reference to the 
Toy age of Madoc. Still the remarks of the learned editor apply, 
and throw light upon the fact, that the present version of Guttyn 
Owuin is defective as respects Madoc. An illustration of these re- 
marks will be had by comparing the last edition of Bancroft's " His- 
tory " with that of half a century ago. Various voyages have dis- 
appeared, and new adventures appear in the place of the old ; and 
wnen the early editions have actually been worn out, or have dis- 
appeared, as may actually prove to be the case and at no distant 
period, some one may take up a recent edition, and declare that 
Bancroft never wrote a word about the Northmen. 

Here, for the present, at least, we rest the case, presenting the 
subject as one worthy of study and consideration, and one, more- 
over, that may richly reward the explorer of the unpublished ancient 
^elsh manuscripts that may still lie neglected in obscure niches 

long the mountains and in the seaport towns of beautiful Wales. 

The subject, however, should not be left before we emphasize on 
im{K)rtant fact, namely, that, for the sake of the argument, the Post- 
Columbian authorities could be left out, since even then there would 
be solid ground for the probability of Madoc's voyage. This, how- 
ever, would be unfair, alike to histoiy and to Lloyd and Powell, as 
well as to Sir Thoraas Herbert. These men were scholars of emi- 
nence and of high character. Their integrity has been impeached simply 
with sneers. Fair minded men, therefore, in the present stage of 
the discussion, must give these writers due credit, and Herbert 
€S|»€cially must be believed, when he says that he found in tl»e old 
Chroni(^les, which were open to him at Rhaglan Castle, the fact 
that Madoc sailed west from Abergwilly and built a fort in the land 
beyond the sea, where he planted a colony. About all that can be 
Bnitl in reply, is that ^'Columbus discovered America," which is a 
statement that has had its day. 

24 Church Records of Pretton, Conn. [Jan. 


Communicated bj Fraxx Palxsr, Esq., of Norwich, Conn. 

The following list, condensed from "The Records of y* Congrega- 
tional Church of Christ in Preston : Called the Seperate Church, ** is 
therein entitled a ^ Record of Marriages Consomated Before Paul 
Park Ministor of the Gospil in a Congregatinal Church in Preston." 
Many of the marriages here given are not elsewhere recorded. 
Fortunately the volume, which belongs to the family of Connecti- 
cut's ex-Chief-Justice, John D. Park, had been loaned me prior to 
the late destruction of the old Park mansion and its contents by fire. 

1774 March 31, Daniel Baker* "of Goton" andElizebeth Thommas of 
Preston " at ye house of Mr. Amos Avery in Preston." 

1774 Sept 21, Amos Thomas of Preston and Pnidance Brumbly of 


1775 Jan'y 5, Hezekiah Park and Phebe Avery, " Booth of Preston." 
1775 Aug. 4, " Tom : a Negro servent to Mr. Jeremiah Halsey and Avis 

Miller a Indian woman." 
1775 Dec. 14, Jonathan Cogswell 3d of Ipswich (Mass.) and Mary Rust 
of Preston. 

1775 Dec 25, " Tom : a negro Servent to Mr. Halsey and Avis Miller, In- 

dian woman." 

1776 Dec. 5, Samael Bennet of Stonington and Joannah Ginnings of 


1777 Mch. 10, "Cezar Avery a negro man; and My Cotes a negro 

woman." ' 
1777 Nov. 19, Daniel Armstrong and Hannah Leuis ** both of Norwich." 
1777 Nov. 21, " Lonon a Negro : Slave to Mr. John Williams of Groton : 
and Gene a Negro woman Slave to Capt. Israel Huit of Stoning- 
1777 Dec. 4, Adam Stanton "of Killingsworth" and Elizabeth Treate of 

1777 Dec. 25, Luke Briant and Abigal Tommas, " Booth of Preston." 
1779 Jan'y 7, " in ye Evening " Edward Spicer of Groton and Esther 

Ames of Preston. 
1779 April 22, Daniel Avery of Groton and Sibel Park of Preston. 

1779 Dec. 23, Hasard Hull of Ashford and Abigal Tyler of Preston. 

1780 Oct. 15, Concider Sterry and Sabra Park ♦' booth of Preston." 

1780 Nov. 16, Ruben Palmer of Stonington and Leucrecy Tyler of 


1781 " Gene wary 4th," Ebenezer Brown Junr., of Groton and abigal 

Morse of Preston. 
1781 Jan'y 18, Thomas Patten and Mary Treat, "booth of Preston." 
1781 Mch. 21, Timothy Clark Junr. of Norwich and Sarah Tracy 

" Junr." of Preston. 
1781 April 19, James Starkweather of Stonington and Prudance Avery 

of Preston. 
• Names are spelled as In the record : pecaliarities are Indicated by quotation marks.— f.f. 


Records of Preston ^ Confii 

1781 Oct 24, Elipelet Coburn of Wimlham and Loia Tnicy of PrestoD, 

1781 Oct. 25, Samuel Johnson and Eunice Park both of Preatou. 

1782 May 9, Ichabod Palmer of Stouingtoo aud Zipomh Brauch of 


1782 Nov. 11, "on the Evening of ye 10 Instant" Giles Tracy and Su- 

sanna Culver both of Preston. 

1783 Dec 10, " lu the Evening of jtJ lltb Day of December'* George 

Wilkerson of Stoniugtou and Lency Clark of Preston, 

1784 Nov. 16, *'In tlie Evning of die loth" Isaac lierrick of Wortb- 

ington and Pruda Starkweather of Preston. 

1784 Dec 30, *' In the Evniug" "Mr." Ben jamin Crandal of Charktown 

(R, I.) and "Mrs." Esther Meech of Preston. 

1785 Feb'y 17 (Evening), "Mr," Azariali PersooB of Worthington 

(MaBS.) and ''Mrs" Elizebeth Park of Groton, 

1786 June 21 (Evening)," Mr/' John Mackol of Bozrah and *' Mrs." 

Loruliamah Brewstor of Preston- 
1786 Oct, 5 (Evening), Mr. Nathan Stanton of Charlstowo (R. I.) and 

MoJly-Brewer Park of Preston. 
1786 Nov. 16, Mr. Samuel Benjamina of Preston and "Ms." Polly Kim- 

bal of Stouington. 
1786 Nov. 1 6 (Evening), Mr. Amos Wittor and " Ms." Leucy Crary, both 

of Preston. 
1786 Dec. 4, '' In the evening of the Sd " Mr. Samuel Stanton and Ma. 

Martha Moors, both of Preston. 

1786 Dec. 8 (Evening of 7th), Mr. Ritchard Starkweather and Deborah 

Brewstor, both of Preston. 
"1786 " Mch, 8 (Evening), Mr. Wheler Hutchison and Ms. Sarah Brum- 
bly both of Preston, 

1787 June 3 (Eve.), Mr. Gershom Brown and Ms. Eunice Park, both of 

1787 June 21 (Eve.), Mr. Israel Gates "of West Grinage" (R.I.) aud 

Ms. Eunice Gates of Preston. 
1787 Nov. 15 (Eve.), Mr. David Avery and **Mis." Hannah Avery both 

of Preston. 
1787 Nov. 22, •* Indians." 

1787 Nov. 22 (Eve.), Mr. John Gorton of Stouington and *' Mrs." Serah 

Gates of Preston. 

1788 Feb*y 3 (Eve.), Mr. Roger Benjamin of Worthington (Mass.) and 

" Mis." Elizebeth Starkweather of Stouington, 
1788 Feb'y 10 (Eve.), Ruben Brown aud Ruth Park, both of Groton. 

1788 Sept. 19 (Eve. of 18th), Elijah Mors ''of Worthington: State of 

Boston " aud Mary Mors " of Preston : State of Connecticut." 

1789 Mch. 26, Joseph Yarington of StoniugtoQ and Anna ** Prark " of 

1789 April 23, Mr. David Allyn of Groton and Desire Tyler of Preston. 
1789 May 9, " Eliab Wilson of franklin and Cybel freeman of Norwich.*' 
1789 Aug. 13, Frederick Gates and Welthy Pollard, both of Preston. 
1789 Sept. 15, "In the Evening of the 13th,'" Peleg Brown of Groton 

and Betsey Yarington of Stoniogtou. 
1789 Oct 5 (Eve.), Elisha Tracy of Preston and Suzanna Roach of 

1789 Nov. 26, Jedidiah Darby of Lisbon and Elisabeth Gore of Preston. 
1789 Nov. 26 (Eve,), Samuol Bayley and Cyntba Meech, both of Preston. 

2 • Or'^ni R^JTjrd.* -c/ Prutwi.^ Gw*. [Jan. 

i7>: X-T. sr:. it. Tkosm Boca isii Mr». Pb«cee Bacua. bodi ol Pw»- 
it:*: Jk.-/T :.>. Mr. G^riKi O^srnM o^ Praiuc in»i Itv Leocr Tar^ 

1T>I ItiT .M.3I.-. E.Uiii CbftfiCbia ^i Mrs. Hirnih WLsor. both of 

!7>! S-ir'- r>. Mr. Aja Pr*si::.» •:: Swci^r::-- »•! Mr?. Lecarr Pirk of 

i::-! Orr. U Et*. cf 13-Ji.. Mr. A^oKa* Ei^o:<k *:i.i M.-S Baebd 

lirsit i. - •■. -ik -. 5 Pr»wvjc 
I7>1 >''. V. 2;. Mr. Ez:ar B*mi of Gr:^::i *=.! - Mn." Oiire P-klmer* of 

17:-1 Not. ->t, Mr. ksk B*i>y an-i Mr*. Dkilj SK^rr. cc-Ji of Prest.>a. 

i7>:f F.fe>/T :-. 3Ir. jA4.>fi FUi Jaij-. 4L:i MrsL M^nLb G-^cwhi, both of 

17:2 M'lL. t;. Mr. E-^'arals: PatIc aa*J 3Jrf. Cyb^ Kimbul Sr^ii of Pr>e*ton. 
17:*2 Mch. L'i. 31 r. ^laa WiIlLinu Ao»i Michil Willika^ ':-Xi of Groioo. 
17:'2 >'or. ^^. Mr. Lu-i^sr Bltrii ...f Wesxrlj t IL Lr A£>i 3I«- Rcb«k4h 

r>»k of Prt*v^ft. 
17^2 Not. z:^. Mr. William Arerr of Stodin^ioa azkd Mrs. M^rgmrei 

AT»rr of Preston. 
173.^ Ja&e :;;i('. 3Ir. AUuU Williams of Gnxoo and Mis. Keziah Moot of 

1 7 j:i Not, .3, - Mr.** Junes Cook of Presu>& anid Percy Herrlck of Worth- 

1705 D-^c'l?. Mr. John Brown of Pr«stoo juiJ Mis. Pbebe MiAiletoQ of 
Stor-:Dgv>n •• were married tiigether on the loth Instan:." 

1701 Oc-.. 10. "Mr. Amos Lacaa of Kii^gsbary york Suce** and Mis. 
Ar.ria K:m?/a] of Preston. 

170o J'li:.': :^.S, 3Ir. Shabai Whitr.v of Pres:on and Mrs. Sailv Mi:chel of 

17j0 Sept. 1, Mr. Thomas Gray of SroDiogton and Mrs. Polly Perkins 

of (jroUtu, 
17'j7 Ji.'i'y 20, Mr. Joseph Gavit of Weatorly (R.I.) and Mrs- Ly& 

C'i'.vf-.r (A Preaton. 
1707 Oct. 7, Mr. Manuel Keyne of Plainfield and Mis. Leacy Park «of 

1707 Nov. 10, Mr. Jephtha Geer of Preston and OIIiTet Herrlck of 


1707 J>:c. 10, Mr. .Samuel Denison and Mis. A[Ti3 Wjoodward, both of 

170^ April 17/ Mr. Joseph II. Whittimore and Mis. Talitha Dody, both 
of .Manfifield. 

1 708 I/ec 25, PeU:r Gorge and Poll Apes both of Groton. 

1700 Au;;. 27, Mr. Ezra Bams and ''Mrs." Judith Palmer.t both of 

1700 Dec 12, Mr. Nathan Park and Mrs. Margret Park, both of Pres- 

• My Krait.MBt, thm is bsr 21tt yew, bad not previotisly been married.— r. p. 
t UlM bwnfmrfte bad acitpmriouilj been married.— r. p. 

1891 .] Letter of Samuel Adams to the Town of Boston. 


1800 Jan'y 16, Mr. AftaA. Goreof PrestoD and Mr«, Ruth Tarington 

'• of Stoningtown/* 
1800 FeVy 16, Joseph Geer and Hannah Kimbal, both of Preston. 

1800 April 10, EHsha Crary and Abigal Avery, both of Preston, 

1801 Jan'y 5, George Harry of Charlstown (R. I.) and [Cat]rena Nelson 

of Preston. 

NoTZ-— The Rer. Paul Park, the grcat-grrandfather of the Chief Justice, was the 

flpit pastor of the ** Preston Separate Church," and virtually the only one, tUongh 

Ihc church lired for several years after his death. It waa " first gathered 

ye 17th A.D. 17-47," according to Its lK>ok of records, and the pastor 

18 its clerk,— r. p. 

BOSTON, MARCH 13, 1769, 


Commnnicftted by John 8, H. Fooo, M,Dm of South Boston, 

I SKXD for the Register a copy of a letter of Samuel Adams in 
regard to the deficiency in his Tax retuma. It aeems to me that it 
entirely disposes of the assertion, so often made, that he was a 

To the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the Town of Boston 

in Town Meeting assemhled March 13, 1769. 
The Petition of Samuel Adams 8heweth — 

That your Petitioner was annually chosen by the Town a Collector of 
Taxes, from the year 1756 to the year 1764 inclusive— That notwith- 
•Uwdiug all his Care & Pains to collect the same, a Nnmber of Persona 
diargM with their respective Taxes, in Each of said years, were thro* 
Poverty & Misfortune unable to make Payment to him — That particularly 
in the year 1760, a terrible Fire happened in the Town, which is well re- 
membered, & raged with great Desolation in his Ward ; which rendered it 
ing difficult for the suffering Persons, many of whom were then in- 
to him for former Taxes, to discharge the same. This <& other Mis* 
es of the like Importance were great Discouragements to yoar 
Petitioner; inasmach as the Demands of the several Treasurers, were 
necessarily more pressing upon himj than were the Abilities of those upoa 
whom alone he could depend to enable him to answer the same; By which 
means he was oflen put to considerable Expense, and was obliged Unaily, 
oootrary to his Judgement In ordinary Cases, to make use of the first Moneys 
Id collect in a new year, to make good the Deficiencys of the year 
Petitioner would represent to the Town: That the Amount of the 
tns committed to hi oi to collect in the Aforesaid years, was upwards of 
y-one Thousand Pounds Lawfull Money; for the collecting the chief 
of which the stipulated Premium has l>eon three & three quarters 
It. only, or Nine pence upon the Pouud^ which is three pence less 
had been for some time before allowed by the Town ; That having 

• See in this connection "Life und Public Scnrices of Samael Adams/* hy his gretl- 
», WlUiam V, Wells, Boston, 1866, Vol. I, pp. S5-38. 
▼OL. XLY. 4 

mum he 


28 LMer$ of 061. Thomas Wtdbrooh and others. [Jan. 

satiafyed the Demands of the several Treasorers, for all the said Years ex- 
cept the last viz : 1764, the Treasarer of the Province issaed Execution 
against him for the sum of £2009. 8. 8, dne to the Province for said year. 
And afterwards, the Town Treasurer, by Order of the Town put his Bond 
in suit, & recovered Judgement for the Sam due; But thro' the Indulgence 
of the Town, Execution was stayed. 

Furthermore your Petitioner would represent: That agreeable to the 
Expectation of the Town, he has lodged with the Selectmen, a List of his 
outstanding Debts; which allowing for unavoidable Mistakes which may 
happen on so large a Sum, in so great a Number of hands, & of so long 
standing, is to the best of his Knowledge, & as he verily thinks a true List 
of Debte. 

And your Petitioner would further acquaint the Town, that he has also 
exhibited a State of his Account, by which it appears that the Sum of 
£1106. 11. together with the said List of Debts will fully compleat the 
Sums in which he still remains indebted to the several Treasurers. 

Now your Petitioner, having long laboured under these heavy Burdens, 
to which he has often been almost ready to yield, begs leave to lay his 
Petition before the Town ; the Prayer whereof being granted, will ever be 
acknowledged by him as an Listance of singular Indulgence ; Namely — 
That the Town would order him a final Disdiarge upon Condition of Ms 
paying the aforesaid sum of £1106. 11. into the Province Treasury; and 
would also make Choice of some suitable Person to receive said List, upon 
the Condition libresaid, & collect the outstanding Taxes therein mentioned. 
With his best wishes for the Town, your Petitioner subscribes, 

Sam^ Adams. 



Commanicsted bj William Blakb Tsasx, AM,, of Dorchester. 

[Continued from vol. xllv. page 866.] 

May it Please y' Honour, Portsm' Decem' 16^ 1728. 

M' Secretary Willard wrote me, ▼• 27"* of the last Month, that it 
was y' Hon" pleasure forthwith to know w^ men are Entitled to be released 
or exchanged, are desirous of it, and who (that are so Entitled) are willing 
to Continue in the service. I have made it my buisness since the receipt 
of his Letter, w^^ came not to my hands till the 10^ InsS to Acquaint my- 
self with what your Hon' would be Informed o( but not knowing certainly 
what entitules a man to a release (tho' I suppose it to be a two yeares Con- 
tinuance in the service) I have therefore herewith Inclos'd to your hon' lists 
of all the persons (save some few which I have sent to the Officers for bat 
are not yet come to my hand), who have been in his Majesties service two 
years & upward; the fists mentions y* Captains names to whom they be- 
long, the Towns from whence they came, & likewise shew wether the men 
were Imprest, hired, or Voluntiers, and the time of their entrance into the 
Service, who are willing to Continue in it, which are, I think, but three or 
four, & all the rest are desirous of a dismisftion; what remainea I shall send 

imas WeFthrook and others. 


y* Hon* M »oon aa possible. Cp* Harmon return^ from his CrniBes a 
Wensday lasL I have not yet received iiis Journal* I shall transmitt it 
to y' hoitoar aa soon as I do, w*=^ will be next week. He inforras me, that 
while he was at Motint desart, he was advis'd by Cp* Elliot, who was in a 
Sloop from Canso, of a party of Indians on an Island called Titnaanan (I 
think), w*** la but a little to the Eastward of Mount Desert, hnt oat of y* 
limits of his Instructions, as he Conceived, wherefore he proceeiled not after 
ihem. I came hither a Saturday night last, from York, in OnV to send 
y' honour this Dispatch, and am now hasteing to Berwick with alt possible 
Expedition. I am Hon**** Sir, 

Your most Obd* humble serv', 

Tno' Westbrook. 

P. S. If I receive no further Instructions, I shall Improve Cp* Harmon 
on Amus Coggio river & East side of Saco, after his men are a little 
refiresht; but if we Cou*d be left at large I am humbly of Opinion that 
Eastward is the only place to Catch ludiaas. 

Biass. Archives, 51 : 386. T. W. 


I hop© thia will find your Hon' safe arrire<l at New London, 

The General Court not rising till Fryday Night last, The Hurry of 
Boaioesa that succeeds it will not allow me to give you so large & full an 
Aoc»^ of the Occasions of the War with the Indians as may be necessary. 
However, I thought I would not let this Post slip without Saying some- 
thing on that Heid according to your Hon" Expectation. 

At the Treaty of Portsmouth, io the Year 1713, as well as in preceeding 
Treaties, The Indians agreed that the English should settle uiidisiurb'd 
on any of the Lands where former Settlements had been made, or for 
which they had good Deeds from the Indians: After which, the English 
settling on KeDoebeck River & Merry Meeting Bay in such Places from 
which they had been driven off by the War, & for which Lands the Pro- 
prietors had good & sufficient Indian Deeds (w*** they laid before the 
Indiana at well as the English Govemm^) The Indians took Umbrage at 
thene Settlements, pretending their Ancestors had no Right to alienate those 
Lands; And, accordingly* gave frequent Disturbances to the English, 
Threatening to drive them otf from Kennebeck River <fe Killing their 
Creatures & taking Provisions & other Things out of their Houses. At first 
these Insults were confined to that Eiver, The Indians pretending that they 
were rery well Satisfied with the more Western Settlem^'; But at Length, 
thej proceeded to deny the English Rii^ht to any Lands to the Eastward 
of Wells, threatening the People & Killing the Creatures & Pulling down 
dielr Fences, even up to Wells. In the year 1719. Coll. Tailer. Coll. Stod- 
d^rd St Colh Dudley were sent down by the Gen" Court to Falmouth, to 
eJtpoelulate with the Indians on these Matters, Who laid the Fault upon 
their rash & beadfitroug young Men, but promised to restrain them for the 
Fmane. But soon after, tliey repeated these Injuries with Circumstances 
of greater Insulence & Barbarity, so that many Families were forcod to re- 
fliore, to their unspeakable Loss & Damage. In Nov. 1720, the Gen" 
Coort Impowered & Directed Coll. Walton & Maj' Moodey, & other Officers 
io Pay. to call the Indians to an Acc^ for these Violations of their Treaties, 
Who accordingly surnmou'd in most of the Chiefs, Who excuse*! themselves 
hj Alledging that the Priests had excited their rash young Men to these 


30 Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrook and others, [Jan. 

ActioDB, which thej own'd to be contrary to their Duty, And promised to 
behave more peaceably for the Future, And gave Hostages for their good 
Behaviour & for the Paym* of 200 Skins toward Reparation of the 
Damages they had done the English. But the next Year, they grew more 
insolent then ever, Writing insulting Letters to the Grovemm' db Killing 
great Numbers of Cattle, which they left rotting upon the Ground, & 
Abusing the Persons of many of the People, W*** Injuries were done to the 
Inhabitants of Arundel, Biddeford, Scarboro^ Falm^ & North Yarm^, as 
well as of the Towns on Eennebeck River, So that a Multitude of those 
People were driven off from their Habitations by these Violences ; Upon 
this An Act pass'd prohibiting all Manner of Commerce with them upon 
great Penalties. 

In June 1722, The Indians came down in a great Body upon the 
Settlem^ in Eennebeck River <& burnt twenty or thirty Houses at Bruns- 
wick, <& a great Many others, & some Mills upon the River, took five Men 
Prisoners whom they carried to Canada, & attacked his Majesties Fort at 
Brunswick, the Kings Colours fiying for a whole Day, firing a great Number 
of Shot at it: All this happened before the least Act of Hostility pass'd oa 
our side, And of the sev^ Matters herein alledged We have a great Number 
of Testimonies (most of them sworn before some Magistrates), W'^'' will 
give a full Satisfaction of the Facts committed by the Indians. If any 
thing further be necessary I shall be very ready to furnish you with them. 
I have enclosed a Copy of the Declaration of War dc the Treaty with the 
Western Tribes of Indians. I am 

Dec. 30, 1723. Sir, 

[The above is in the hand writing of Secretary Willard.] 
Mass. Arch. 72: 147, 148. 


I have herewith enclosed a Scheme for the Disposition of the 
Soldiers that are to be continued in Grarrison for the Security of the Towns 
after the Detachments are march'd. You must leave Ord" with the Com- 
manding Officer that is to stay behind, that the Garrisons be exactly 
regulated according to the said Scheme; the most effective of the Men re- 
maining after the Detachm^ are drawn, to be continued, & the Remainder to 
be dismiss'd the Service, You must give Orders that the Duties of Watch- 
ing, Warding, & Scouting, be diligently & faithfully performed, upon Peril 
of the Penalties provided in the Law for Punishing Officers and Soldiers. 

As to the twenty Men for the Security of York, Kittery, Wells & Ber- 
wick, they must be imployed as follows: viz. A Corporal i& nine Men to 
Scout from the uppermost Grarrison at Berwick or Salmon Falls to the 
Garrison at the West Side of Saco lower Falls, the other nine & a Corporal 
to scout from Saco lower Falls to Berwick uppermost Garrison, W®** 
Scoutings must be constantly performed by five in each Party at a Time, 
And a Journal of their Marches <& Discoveries must he transmitted once in 
two Months to me, into the Secretaries Office, by each of the Corporals, 
And upon finding the Track or Appearance of any Indians they must im- 
mediately express Advice thereof to the next Commission Officer, The said 
twenty Men to have allowance of Rum. And you are strictly to charge 
the Officers with the foregoing Orders. 

Jan. 24, 1723. [Hand writing of Secretary Willard.] 

Mass. Arch. 72: 150,151. 

1891.] Letters of Cot, Themes Westbrook mid others. 


The Disposition of the Forces to be in Garrison after the Detacliments 
are marched. 
At the Garrisoned House on St Georges Ri?er, nine, with an Officer 

in Corporals Pay* 
At Richmond nine Men & a Corporal, 
A * A • u f At Cpt. Penhallowa, six Men, 1 

At Arrowsick j ^^ j^^^^^y^^ three & a Corpoml, f 

At the Stone Houae at Small Point, four Men & a Corporal, 

At Falmouth, at Maj' Moodeys, Wassea & Ingersons Garrison, aeven 

Men each & three Corporals, 
At Papooduch, at Sawyers, & Yorks, four Jlen & a Co^po^^^ 
At Woodsides, at Maquoit. five Meo & a CorporaU 
At Fort George at BrutiBwick, fourteen Men & an Officer, 
At Spurwink, at M' Jordane, throe Men & a Corporal, 
At Black Point, Nine Men & a Corporal, three of whom to be at the 

Ferrys when the House there is made defensible. 
At Blew Point, at Deerings Block House, a Corp^^ & four Men, 
At Scammons, at Saco Ferry* a Corporal »& five Blen, 
At Fort Mary, at Winter Harbour, aa Officer & twelve Men upon the 

new Est^ibliBbm* 
At Cape Porpoise at Browns. 
Mass. Arch. 72: 152. 








May it Please Your Hon'. ^ Yorke, Jan'y 28»'* 1723-4. 

Haveing already acquainted your Hon' with the recep' of some 
of the new rais'd men, I have Sent this to Acq^ your Honour that one of 
them (Viz* Elisha Dow, who I received from Coll'* Noyce and Posted under 
Leiu* Oliver at Berwick), deserted the 26"* Ina*; as soon as I heard of it, 
I dispacht the bearer with a Warrant to have him Secur'd, and to wait on 
your Hon^ with this, after he has made diligent Search. I have receiv'd 
DO more men Since my last. 

I am y' flon" Dutiful humble Serv^ 
Mass. Archives, 51 : 387. Tho' Westbrook. 

Let there be three Men at M'. Dennys Garrison, so many, at Least 
»6ems to be necessary ; and Let them be good Men, Wheosoever you 
bear anything of importance to the service you will Convey it to me, 
etpadalJy now the forces are abroad. 

I am your Hum^' Servant 
Boston feb. 25**' 1723. [ 

Capt, Penhallow. 
Mass. Arcluves, 72 : 165. 



I have Considered your Motion respecting Arrowsick, and Can by 
no nuBans Consent that either of the Garrisons be slighted, which will bo 
dithononrnhle to the Government. You must Command the Inhabitanta 
into Garrison, and allow^ each Fort a Sufficient Defence, And when CoU. 
Westbrook Can Spair the Men, he will leave some recruites with you, as I 
bavo Ordered him : As to the Fort at Small point, I am Sensible it is of 
Importance, And Should have gladly Continued a Garrison there, If any 

VOL. XLV. 4* 


S2 LeUers 0/ Gol. Thamtu W0$Ara0k and 4i4ktar9. [Jaa. 

Provision had bia made to Support it. Howeyer I ahall have this Matter 
Still in my thoughts. T* Serv" 

Endorsed — Letter to Gap* PeohaUow. [No Signature. 

Boston, March 20, 1723. Probably, oopy of a letter 

Mass. Arch. 51 : 389. Srofa Gov. Dummer.] 


These are to direct you to prepare four several Parties of Men to 
xnarch in quest of the Indians. The main Body to proceed under y" par- 
ticular Command, to Korridgewock, about the 20^ of April next. At the 
same time or a few Days before, a Party to scout upon Amerescoggin 
Biver, an other on Saco River & a fourth Party range the Sea Coast to 
the Eastw*^ of Sagadahock, in Order to surprise the Indians at their Fishing 
& Fowling. Let the several Parties carry a Months Provision & not re- 
turn (but upon some extraordinary Exigence), till it be spent. You must 
give very strict Orders that the Men be silent in their Marches & patient 
& vigilant in their waiting for the Enemy, that if it be possible they make 
a Discovery of themselves by their Fires, but to be sure not by Shooting or 
other Noises. I am inform'd the Indians are removed to a place on Eenne- 
beck River about 100 Miles from Norridgewock, Of which Place I have 
enclosed the Description given me, that you may visit that Place, if it be 
practicable, unless you can meet with the Enemy nearer. You must be 
sure to take L* Bane with you as your Pilot, who knows all that Countrey. 
If there be any Way, without Hazzarding a Discovery, to get about the 
Enemy & come down upon them, p'haps it may bee the best way. Either 
you or the Party on Amerescoggin* Biver must visit Medembeseck 
as you shall finde it proper and practicable. Lett the best of the 
Men bee drawne out for this Service, But be sure not to lessen the 
Number of Soldiers posted for the Defence of York, Berwick & Wells, 
tho' you may exchange them in order to your having the best Men for 
these Marches : The Proportioning the Numbers of the sev^^ Parties & 
the Command of them <& other Things, not particularly mention'd, I leave 
entirely to your Discretion, And lest you sh*^ want effective Men for this 
Service, I do hereby further Direct you, in that Case, to enlist thirty good 
able Voluntiers in the County of York, And in Order to encourage them, I 
engage that y^ shall not be obliged to continue in the Service sfter these 
Marches are over, but be immediately dismissed, <& you may send them 
upon such a Rout of the four above mention'd places as you shall find 
their Inclinations lead them, & I send you a blauke Commiss" for an officer 
that you shall approve, & that will be most likely to engage the Voluntiers for 
this Service. You must be very secret in this whole Affair & not commit the 
Knowledge of it to any Persons living, sooner, nor any further than is abso- 
lutely necessary, & It will be best to make some Feints, in Order to 
prevent any Suspicion of the true Design. Let every Thing be getting 
ready against the Time, that so the Service may not suffer by a Delay, & 
if you Stand in need of anything from hence Lett me know forthwith. 
Lett that Party to bee to the Eastward of Sagadehock bee Compleated by 
the supernumerarys now abo* Georges Fort. This Comes to you by Leiu* 
[ ] Kenedy, to whome I have given a Commiss** to bee Leif to 

Moulton, & I now inclose you a Commiss" for Moulton to Command that 
Comp' that was Barkers, & I doubt not but they will both of them in their 

• Nov AndroBooggin. 

tetters of Col, Thomas }Vestbrook arid others, 83 

Stations reuder their Country good Service. I had an Incliuatiou dow to 
bare promoted Jo« Bean, but was loath at thia Juucture to Loose the Ser- 
rice of soe good an ofRcer as I take Xenedj to bee from your Com- 
meudatioD & othera. I have also giveu a Cap'' Com miss, to [ ] 

Bourne to Succeed Moultoo, the Conunaod of those Meu at Yorke. 
[March 20, 1723-4] [Haod writiug of Secretary Willard.] 

Mass. Arch. 72: 166, 167. 

Sir, ^ ^ Arundal, Mch 23** 1724. 

Thia day being up at M' Perkins Sawmill and returning back 
five meu together, a Scout of Indians fired on them and wounded Sarj* 
Sam^^ Smith very badly. I being luform'd went directly out and could not 
meet with them but brought the wounded man home. 

from S' your Hum^' ServK Allison Brown* 

To Coll° Thomas Westbrook. (A True Coppy) 

Town Clk. 

Sir, Falmouth, M*^** 24, 1724. 

Yon are to see y* the Soldiers under your Command keep a very 
0trtct watch & ward lest the Enemy should Surpriso any of our People, 
w** 18 to be f ear'd* Given under my hand, 

A true Coppy. Tho* Westbrook. 

Mass. Arch. 51 : 390. 

May it please your Hou^ Falmouth, March 29, 1724. 

My last InformM of my Arrival here and my Makeing the best of 
my way to visit all the Frontiers, but I have been stopt by a long and 
Tedious Btorme, notwithatanding, I wrote Orders to tdl the Officers on the 
24'** Ins' about eleven a Clock, and about three a Clock in The Afternoon, 
wee heard an Alarm from the Westward, but could not hear the Occasion 
of it till the 27**' Currant, whereof I Enclose a Coppy. They have taken 
a ifreat deal of pains to get a Docter for the wounded man. They went 
10 Portsmouth and brought one as far as York, and there he was taken sick, 
to they returned and went as far as Greenlaud, but could get none from 
theooe; they came to Falmouth for Docter Negus, who was taken sick the 
57* Ins*, and died the 29*^ between Eight & nine a Clock In the Morn- 
ing. Wee have had an Instance of the like Sudden death iu the Past week, 
a Stout man about twenty-five years of Age was taken sick aud died in 
about forty hours. Wee stand in Absolute necessity of Two Doetera to 
visit the sundry sick among us and likewise to Dress the wounded man, 
Docter Bullmao haveing his hands full at Richmond & Arrowsick. I 
doubt not but your lion'' will take speedy care to send them. I wait with 
F^Uenee as it is ray duty to hear what your Hon" pleasure is relating to the 
A&irs in these frontiers. If Docter Moody be not Engaged he would be 
very Acceptable, in general, wee haveing had Experience of him last Sum* 
metf aud his Practice generally Attended with success. 

I am your Hon" most dutiful aud Humble Servant 
Archives, SI : 392. Tho' Westbrook- 

34 Letters of Col. Thoma$ Westbrook and others. [Jan. 

May it Please your Hon' Falm®, April !•*, 1724. 

My last of the 29*^ of March Inform'd of the death of Doctor 
Negus, and sandry sick people that wanted a Doctor, and not haveing 
heard from Richmond in Eight or Ten days, I had some small hopes that 
Docter Ballman might he spar'd to make a visit to Falm^, to give direc- 
tions what might be best to do for the sick ; but when the Express arrived 
there they found two men had lately died, and that Cap^ Heaths brother 
and two or three more were still sidk. Captain Penhallow writes me that 
there were several sick at Arrowsick, so y* Docter Bullman could not be 
spar'd. Here is no less than Ten or Twelve sick, several of them are 
recovering. Cap*" Penhallow Judges y* the Indians was about there garri- 
sons. On the 29th*»» of March I directed Cap*" Gray to write to Cap*" 
Heath, to let me know what forwardness he had got the garrison in. In 
answ*^ to it, he Informs him, that the house design'd for the Maquois, he 
hop't would be finisht in ten days, and all the rest of the work by the last 
of May. I suppose the bad weather and sickness has put him back. The 
IncIos*d is a request of M' Davenport* for a Pass to Boston, he being but 

i'ust come down, and it being a sickly time amongst us I thought it best to 
inform your Hon' of his request According to your Hon" ord' to make him 
a Sarjeant I have done it and shall rejoyce if he should carry himselfe so 
that he might be worthy a better post. 

I am your Hon™ dutifull Humb^ Servant, 

Tho. Westbrook. 

P. S. I wait for a wind to go westward as far as York, so that I might 
get to Berwick to visit all y* frontiers. 
Mass. Archives, 51 : 893. 

Falm°. April y« 2<». 1724. 
May it please your Hon', , 

I rec'd your Letters & orders dated the 20*^ of March last on the 
first of this Ins*, and am heartily sorry wee have not a sufficient numb' of 
men to pursue every part of them, for wee have not more then will be 
sufficient to waylay Saco & Amuscoggin rivers & keep our garrisons, for in 
my Letter of the 25**" of March I gave an Account of as Small a number 
as I thought necessary to be on those rivers and which ar as many as I can 
possibly draw and leave the garrisons and Towns their Quota, as your hon' 
has ordered, there being but three Comp^' to march if full is 150, and your 
Honours orders is, that the garrisons of York, Wells, and Berwick be not 
lessned, which I believe are as few as can be for their security ; all the 
other Towns and garrisons are not better provided for, altho' more 
Exposed, and had I rec*d the 114 men according to your Hon" Letter to 
me some time since, I should not have had more then the 3 Comp^' full, 
but I want Twelve of them, and I believe your Hon' has dismbt ten or 
twelve more, and it has pleas'd God to take of Eleven or Twelve by death, 
so that the raising of 30 men more will but make up the old Number ; 
theres 15 men out of the Marching Comp^' to Cover Dunston, Seales, and 
Mitchels, and they are daily beging for more, and my orders is to Call 
them off to march, which if done they must draw off also; we have not less 
then 30 men sick so that they are not fitt for any service but must be 
tended. I have my Journal and Enclosed an Ace* of those deceast, taken 

• The request of Richard Davenport is directed " To the H""« Thomas Westbrook 
Corinall and Ck>mxnandr of his magisties forces." 


The Blake Family in England. 


Captive, ^deserted, since I gave io my Account ^ by This, and what I 
have already writt your Hon*" may see how wee are decreast. The thirteen 
men that I enlisted to stay at Georges on Ace* of the proprietors, in the 
fall, I promigt to release in the Springe, and they now Claim it of me, w"** 
I must Entreat you please to finable me to p'form. 

I am yoar Hon" dutiial! and llumb^ ServS 

Tno' Westbrook. 
P. S. April 5"* Since the above was written I am got to Cape Porpoise. 
I believe I can Enlist the number of Thirty men & more, generally young 
men, and such as must leave the County it not Enlisterl ; some of them may 
be desirous of a dismission in a Short time, others may be willing to stay 
longer, so that what I Enlist shall be Conditionally, either to bo dismist in 
a Short time, or to stay longer as your lion' shall see cause and their In- 
clinations shall lead them as to the time. The wounded man died the 1* 
Inst*. I am afraid for ivant of a Docter. Serj* Brown was obliged to press a 
Sloop to Carry him to Portani*'. 

Mara. Archives, 51 : 8^4-5. 

[To be ooQtlnuoct.] 


By Francis E, Blaxe» Bsq., of Boeton. 

In a ''Genealogical Ilistory of William Blake of Dorchester," 
publiahed in 1857, appears the statement that the emigrant to New 
England was the son of Giles Blake of Little Baddovv, Essex, and 
the record of several generations of the family is given. The sub- 
stance of this record is trustworthy as being a copy from "Morant'e 
lliatory of Essex," but the statement that the Dorchester settler was 
of this family was unw^arranted by any evidence. Subsequently the 
late H. G. Somerby, Esq., by request of Stanton Blake, Esq,, made 
extended researches in England to determine the origin of the 
American family. He finally located it at Over Stowey, Somerset, 
and the results of his investigations were published in 1^81, by W» 
H. Whitmore, Esq., in **A Record of the Blakes of Somersetshire," 

The evidences upon which Mr. Somerby based his conclusions 
were, first, the record of a baptism in L'iOl, at Over Stowey, of a 
William Blake (son of Robert and grandson of John), the date cor* 
responding to the age of the emigrant at death ; and second, the fact 
that a sister of this William, in her will of date 1647, mentioned a 
"brother in New England," no name however being given. While 
this evidence was not all that could be desired, it was generally 
accepted as correct, and the pedigree has been copied in several other 
genealogical publications. 

In 1881, Rev. Charles M. Blake, U. S. A., while visiting in 
f^Dgland, was shown by William Blake, Esq., of South Petherton, 
a genealogical chart of the ^'Blakes of Somersetshire," prepared by 
William Arthur Jones, Esq., A.M. 

86 Tke Blake Family in England. [Jan. 

An examinadon of thia chart led Mr. Blake to yiait Pitminater, 
four miles from Tamiton, where he found upon the parish registers 
sufficient evidence to convince him that this was the eariy home of 
his ancestor William Blake, but he was unable at that time to give 
the matter further attention. 

Becently, investigations have been made by the writer, through 
correspondence with the vicar of the parish, and with Edward J. 
Blake, Ekq., of Crewkeme. Tlie latter himself examined the regis- 
ters of Pitminster, and Over Stowey, and he has had a careful 
examination made of wills and other original sources of information, 
for the purpose of determining his own line of descent and verifying 
the chart referred to. The result of these researches, so far as relates 
to the American family, has been very courteously copied for the 
writer and forms the basis of this article. 

Mr. Somerby's record of the baptism of a William at Over 
Stowey, June 5, 1594, was found to be correct, but unfortunately 
he overlooked this subsequent entry : 

" 1617, William Blake the sonne of Robert Blake was boned the 

of AprilL" 

As this record effectually disposes of this William, we are forced 
to look elsewhere for the emigrant. 

On page 14 of Mr. Somerby's notes the statement is made that 
William the son of John* and brother of Robert above named died 
at Bishops Lydiard, leaving a widow Joan, but no children. 

A close examination of the records discloses the following facts. 
By the will of John,' his son William received lands at Bishops 
Lydiard, at Plainfield in Over Stowey, and at Padnoller in the parish 
of Spaxton. Now in the will of William of Bishops Lydiard, 
referred to by Mr. Somerby, date 13th June, 1618, and proved in 
September following by Joan his widow, he is described as a yeomctnt 
and bequeaths three acres at HiUfarence which he bought, and his 
land at Hisun^ with sundry small gifts to friends. He mentions 
**Philipp Sully, my boye,'' but no children. 

It vrill be noticed that this William held an entirely different social 
position from the Blakes of Over Stowey, and in the disposition of 
his property made no mention of the lands which John Blake* gave 
to his son William. 

Furthermore, we have an abstract of a will of a William Blake of 
Itiston^ proved at Taunton, May, 1572, in which is a bequest to 
**my Sonne Willyam." Riston is near Taunton, and not more than 
seven or eight miles from Bishops Lydiard and is undoubtedly the 
same place described as JRisun in the will of 1618. 

From these facts it is quite reasonable to think that the William 
who died in 1618 at Bishops Lydiard without children was the son 
of William of Riston, but certainly not the son of John' of Over 


The Blake Family in Bnglai 


The records of Over Stowey furniah no evkleace whatever in 
regard to John'a son, but die Taunton Manor Rolls show that a 
William Blake bought property at Pitminster, in 1586. The parish 
registers of Pitmineter, which begin in the year 1544, are in a very 
good state of preservation, but there is not a single Blake entry 
(with the exception of a Mary Blake, daughter of Eichard, who was 
boried in 1574) until the year 1588, when Grace a daughter of Wil- 
liam was baptized. It is supposed that this William was the soa 
of John/ that he went to Pitminster to reside about the time of 
the purchase of the estate there in 1586, and there had the 
children named below. This theory was adopted by Mr. Jones in 
preparing hia chart, and also by ^Ir. Blake whose investigations 
have been made independently of all previous labor in this direction, 
and it is hoped that this may soon be verified by record evidence. 

The following records relating to thb branch of the family appear 
npon the parish register at Pitminster : 

Anno Domlo. 

1588. Grace Blake, daughter of Willm Blake was baptized the 9"* day 

of February, 
1592. Erne Blake^ daughter of William Blake was baptized the third 

day of December. 
1594, William Blake, son of William Blake was baptized the 10*^ day 

of July. 
1597. John Blake son of William Blake was baptized the fifteenth day 

of Jane. 
1600. Aue Blaak^ daughter of William Blaak was baptized the sir* 

teenth day of October. 
1603. Richard Blaak, son of William Blaak was baptized the eeven* 

teeoth day of April!. 


William Blake was married to Agnia Bond widow the 27*^ day 
of September. 



161S. John Blake, soTme of William Blake, aud Ann Blake daughter 
of William Blake were baptised the day of August. 

William Blake soDoe of William Blake was baptised the 6^ of 

James Blake eoune of William Blake was baptised 27^ April* 

With this record from Pitminster before us, there cannot be a 
flkadow of doubt that we have here the family of William of Dor- 
chester. We know that be had a wife Agnes, and children John, 
Aon» William and James, and to make the case still stronger, the 
age of the father at death, and also of three of the children, Ann, 
Williani and James, corresponds with the date of the baptism at 

No record has been found of the baptism of Edward, another son 
of William and Agnes, but it is supposed that he was born in Kng- 


38 Hugh Maxwell, [Jan. 

land, as there is no evidence of the father being in this country 
previous to the year 1636, the statement that he came in the ''Mary 
and John" in 1630 being without foundation. 

Following the notes of Mr. Somerby, with the substitution of 
William*^ for Robert, *" the line of descent will stand as follows : 
Robert,* Heniy,» William," Henry,* Robert,* William,* William," 
Humphrey* (great-grandfather of the Admiral), John,* William," 
William** of Dorchester. 

Or to state the matter more simply, the emigrant is now traced 
as being the grandson of John BlsJi^e of Over Stowey, through his 
son WUliam, instead of being so deduced through his son Robert. 
But all the pedigree anterior to the grandfather John is not affected 
by this correction. 

Patriot and Soldier op the Revolution. 

By Edward P. Guild, Esq., of Reading, Mass. 

Among those who left the shores of the Old World for the New, in the 
first half of the eighteenth centary, was Hugh Maxwell of Miuterburn, 
Tyrone County, Ireland. With his wife and three children, the youngest only 
six weeks old, he sailed for America in the year 1733, and settled in the 
town of Bedford, Massachusetts. The infant son, also named Hugh, bom 
April 27, 1733, was destined to become one of this country's most sturdy 
patriots and defenders. 

Like Washington, he became early in life a surveyor, but at his country's 
call for soldiers, discarded the compass and chain for the musket and the 
sword. He enlisted at the breaking out of the French and Indian war in 
1754, and served for five years. At its close he married Miss Bridget 
Munroe of Lexington, and purchased a farm in Charlemont, Hampshire, 
now Franklin, County. He was a man who closely watched and studied pub- 
lic affairs, and was the only subscriber to a Boston newspaper in his town. 
He was eminently patriotic, had a wide infiuence with his fellow settlers, 
and Samuel Adams himself was no firmer a foe to the encroachments of 
British rule than was Hugh Maxwell. When the first Provincial Congress 
was convened at Salem in 1774, Maxwell was a member, and he took an 
active part in the proceedings. Provision was then made for organizing 
and equipping companies of minute men, and upon his return home he 
assisted in forming such a company of which he was made lieutenant. 
Then, with knapsacks, cartridges and guns ready to seize at a minute's 
notice, they waited the expected summons from the vicinity of Boston. It 
came from Lexington on the memorable 19th of April. Maxwell marched 
with his company at once, and joined Prescott's regiment at Cambridge. 
He had entered the army leaving at home his wife with an infant only one 
day old, and his oldest child, a daughter, only eleven. Their house was 
small ; water had to be brought twenty rods, grain must be carried five 
miles to mill, and they had no money. But to hardship and deprivation 
was to be added the anxiety which came with the news that the husband 


Hugh Maxwell. 


and father had been daDgerously wounded. This was at the battle of 
Banker Hill. During the actioD, Lieut. Maxwell was shot throuirh hia 
right shonlder. He was without his coat at the time, but though his arm 
dropped and bung useless at hia side»be walked throuijh the flying bullets to 
the spot where he had laid his coat, and picking it up marched off the hill with 
the retreating army. His wound was severe^ and his life was for days in great 
danger; but he recovered, although never after able to do the work of a 
farmer. Nine pieces of bone were extracted from his shoulder, some of 
them an inch long. But he had no thought other than to serve his country. 
In September he was able to reach home only to remain a few weeks, aud 
then again join the army. His family was again left to endure gre4it 
hardships. The barn was built seventy rods from the house with the iu- 
bentiou of building a new house near to it; this distance must be travelied 
twice a day, often through snows so deep that Mrs. Maxwell or her oldest 
daughter must go on hands and knees over the drifts; their wood was in 
large logs, green and covered with snow, and the tire must never be sutfere^l 
to go out or the family would freeze ; and grain had to be procured at a 
distance of seven or eight miles. 

On his return to the army, Lieut. Maxwell received a captain's com- 
mission, and with his compatiy was stationed at SewalFs Point. In one of 
hi» letters he says : 

*• We have lately had a heavy cannonade from the enemy ; they gave us more 
than eleven hundred cannon shot one night; over nine humln^d w(Te plckml up 
the next day, and in all that ni«rht's flrlng they did not hit but four uieu, and 
thett« went to the top of the MU and made a lire hi open sight of the eneniv, aud 
all killed bv one shot/' 

Id March, 1776, the British evacuated Boston, and Washington who 
had been quartered alt winter in Cambridge, entered Boston amid the 
enthusiasm of the inhabitants. Then anticipating that the enemy would 
make an effort to seize New York, the Commauder-m-Cbief proceeded with 
his army to that city and prepared for its defence. Capt. Maxwell waa 
ftationed on Governor's Island. In August the British landed at Grave- 
tend, Long Island, aud in a battle on the 27th defeated the Americans. 
After tlje troops bad been carried across the East River they were obliged 
to again retreat from New York, and Maxwell narrowly escaped htsiug 
taken a prisoner, as, on account of illness his strength would not allow 
him to keep with the retreating army; but he was saved by the faithfulness 
of hia servant who ciirried bim on hia back whenever he sank from ex- 
haustion, and at last got him to a place of safety. Maxwell fought bravely 
at Princeton and Trenton, and in 1777 went with the brigade to which he 
belonged to join General Gates in the campaigu against Burgoyue in the 
north. He was at Monmouth, and he was one of those^who survived the 
autferings of that winter at Valley Forge. 

Jn 1770 he was promoted to the rank of major and was under the com- 
mand of General Heath on t!ie Hudson. Here he was assigned to daties 
demanding the greatest vigilance and prudence, courage and integrity, and 
for the faithful discharge of these duties he gained not only the friendship 
bat the highest esteem of General Heath, In a letter to him, twenty years 
later, Heath says: 

^ I well know your long aud faithful aervicea in the army, and how often I 
have slept without apprehension of being Btirprised, because you giuirded the 
ont-post, aud I knew that the enemy would uot be allowed to evade your vigi- 

VOL, XLV. 5 

40 Hugh Maxwell, [Jan. 

Id Janaary, 1781, an attack was made by MaxwelFs regiment on a de- 
tachment of British under Colonel Delancey at MorriBania. An officer was 
afterwards sent from the British lines with a flag of truce. Meeting Major 
Maxwell and speaking of the recent attack, the Briton admitted that he 
had fled in his night-gown. *< Ah/' said Maxwell, *' is that British disci- 
pline? An officer on the lines undress and go to bed !" The officer re- 
plied, " We will take you so, some time or other." Said Maxwell, ^ If you 
ever take me on the lines in the night, you shall find me dressed through- 
out, with coats and spurs on, my pistols loaded at my pillow, and my horse 
saddled at the door." 

At another time Major Maxwell was reconnoitering with his detachment 
when he was surprised by the close approach of the enemy in large num- 
bers. There was no way of retreat, to fight was out of the question, and 
he had recourse to stratagem. Marching to the top of a hill, he ordered 
his men to stack their arms, then some of them to lie on the ground at 
their ease, others to engage in wrestling, pitching quoits and other sports in 
a careless and indifferent manner. The enemy came to the front of the 
hill and baited, the officers held a consultation, and then feced about and 
marched off ! It was afterwards definitely learned that the British officers 
had considered the seeming inattention of Major Maxwell's men as being a 
ruse to decoy them into an ambush. 

The end of the war was reached in 1783, and Maxwell left the army 
with the commission of a lieutenant-colonel, to take rank Oct. 12, 1782. 
So, after a service of nine years in the war of the Revolution, making, to- 
gether with his service in the French and Indian war, fourteen years of 
hard fighting for his country, he returned to his family resolved that the 
deprivations of his wife and children should be at an end. But they had 
yet many hardships and perplexities. In common with other soldiers, he 
had been paid at the close of the war with paper money which depreciated 
greatly in value. Then, with his generous nature, he loaned considerable 
amounts to friends which were never repaid and finally brought him to very 
straitened circumstances. On Dec. 29th, 1794, he left home for Philadel- 
phia to petition Congress for a pension. But while there, a law was passed 
which prevented any officer from receiving a pension until he should have 
returned his commutation to the Treasury. This deprived him of the com- 
pensation which he expected and believed his due. In a letter written 
soon after to Hon. John Lowell, of Boston, he says : 

" I do not lament that I have fought many a hard battle for this country. I 
do not lament that in sundry instances I have suffered abuost everything but 
death, in the service of thcne states, for I did my duty like an honest man. But 
still I did expect the promised reward. Still am I persuaded a reward from 
America is my due . . . Half pay as a Lleut.-Colonel is what I challenge as my 
honest reward from the beginning of 1784, during my natural life ; it is due to my 
wife ; it is due to my children. And may God grant that this or some future 
Congress may see it to be so, and conduct accordingly. But stlU I say, and will 
teach my children to say, — May the richest blessings of Heaven be poured 
down on the United States of North America."* 

In 1799 he resolved upon a venture with the view of relieving his finan- 
cial embarrassment. He purchased some horses and with them embarked 
on board a vessel at Hartford for the West Indies. He sailed in July, had 
a prosperous voyage, and was within three days of port on his return when 
he was stricken with a fever. He died on the same day, October 14, 1799, 
and was buried at sea. 


The Baffin Family. 



Colonel Hugh Maxwell was a man who possessed the elements of leader- 
ship in a large degree. It was doe lo his inHuence that, in the years of and 
preceding the Revolution, not a Tory was to he found in his town or the 
region round about His services throughout the long struggle for imle- 
pendeuce were of great value to the cause, and it was due lo no lack of 
ability, valor, or experience that he did not become a general. But 
there were not many, even of those who gained a higher military rank, 
who stood by their country more tirmly in the long and dark yenrs, or who 
tDspired their comrades with more patriotic zeal than dkl this faithful 
soldier. When he returned to his home after the wtir was ended, he waa 
honored and trtisted in civil life as he had been on the field. In 1785 he 
weDt to Hoston and obtained the charter of a new town which wa* set off 
from Charlemont on the north and which included his honse. This town 
was named Heath in honor of his old General- In the church which was 
there fonne<l he was the senior deacon ; he was also town clerk for many 
years, and was commissioned in 1785 as justice of the peace for Hampshire 
County, and in this capacity took an active part in regard to Hhays's Rebel- 
lion and its participants, receiving from the insurgents their arms and 
ftdministering the oath in that county. Colonel Maxwell became also a 
member of the Society of the Cincinnati. 

A monument was erected to his memory on July 4, 1859, in the " South 
Burjang Ground" in Heath. On one side of the shaft is a long inscription, 
of which these are the closinjj words: 

*• A Christian Patriot and Christian Soldier : honored Ms God ; served his 
country ; loved his family. To 'Ayxly was* ever triTe; to bis posterity his memory 
is A rich inheritance. May they emulate hi^ virtues." 



Bj Isaac J. Grebkwood, A.M,, of New York City, 

IK following is copied from Seymour's *' Survey of London 
page 718: 

•• Oa a jgrey Marble Tombstone* a pretty way Sonthward from the East End 
of the Church of St. Dunstan's Stepney, ia this In.scriptton : 
Here Thoraad SafQn lyes interr'd : Ah ! wby^ 
Born in New England, did in London dy? 
Was the third Son of Ei^'ht. beg^ot upon 
His Mother Martha by liin Father John. 
Much favonr'd by his Prince he pot to be; 
But nipt by Death at tb' A^e of twenty-three. 
Fatal to him was that we small-pox name. 
By which his Mother and two Brethren came 
Also to breathe their la^t, nine years before ; 
And now have left their Father to dt'|ilorc 
The Loss of all his Children, with that Wife, 
Who was the Joy and Comfort of his Life. 
Deceased (June the IS). 1687. 

here are these Anns : Three Cre^scents, each surmounted b? an Estoiie of 
Points ; impaled with a Lion Rampaut, la chief an Estoile of Eight Rayes, 
irmountlog a Crown MuralL" 

Either the impaled arms have been wrongly cut on the stone, or the 
above heraldic description is at fault. The Saihn family of Woli-Heriston, 
CO. Somers, according to Burke's Gen. Armory^ bore arms: Az. three 

42 The Baffin Family. [Jan. 

crescents ar. jessant as many estoiles or. Crest — On a mnral coronet ppr. 
an estoile of sixteen rays or ; these are given in the Visitation of Devon, 
1564; Brit. Mas. Harl. MS. 1091, fo. 133b. The tombstone armorials 
agree with those occarring on a piece of silver plate, still in preservation, 
and referred to in the Heraldic Joar. (Boston, 1868), iv. 42 ; though again 
there is some descrepancy as to the impaled arms. 

The epitaph, as printed above, differs slightly from what has already 
appeared in the Register, iv. 109 ; the latter agreeing with Cheswell's 
*'New View of London" (1708), i. 224. It was also published in the 
Spectator, No. 518 (1712), and is there spoken of as being ''in the dif- 
fused and luxuriant stile, with much of the simple and pathetic." Still 
legible in 1796, according to Lyson's " Environs of London," it had 
attracted the attention of Dr. S. Johnson, whose observation, on reading the 
second line, was " I do not wonder at this ; it would have been strange if, 
born in London, he had died in New England." If the witty Doctor's perspi- 
cacity had only informed us, as to what event in the deceased's life the fifth 
line of the epitaph refers, we would have been more edified. The stone 
was set up some time after the death of Thomas Saffin, for it refers to the 
loss of all John Saffin's children, whereas we learn from Sewall's Diary 
that **■ his only surviving son," name not given, was buried in Boston, Oct. 
15, 1687, just about which time arrived the news of Thomas Safiin's death 
in London. Thomas was bom in Boston, March 18, 1664; among the 
other children was Symon, born April 4, 1666. The last was a family 
name, and in the Camden Visitation of Devon, 1620, we have George, son 
of Simon Saffin of Woolverston, in com. Som.,* a place located on the 
Frome, just south of Philips-Norton. Jan. 15, 1638-9, Henry Ayshford, 
Dept. Lt of Devon and Col. of a regiment in the eastern division of that 
county, reported to the Council that Edward Saffyn, John Saffyn, and 
Chris. Dabbinett, of CuUompton, and John Dunn of Willand, refractory at 
musters, have conformed and paid messengers* fees. — Col. of State Papers, 

Nathaniel Powell (or Ap. Howell), esq., of Ewhurst, in' Sussex, etc., created 
a Baronet in 1661, was the son of Meredith Powell, Esq., of Brampton 
Ralf, CO. Somers., who m. Alice, dau. of John Saffin of Culhampton, Devon. 
The Powell arms were, gu. a lion rampant regardant or, as descended from 
Ethelystan Glodrydd, Tributary Prince of Ferlys. 

During the first half of the 18th century, Thomas Saffin and Mrs. Saffin 
gave each 100 1. towards support of the Episcopal charity schools at 
Exeter, oo. Devon, and a like sum was given in 1742 by Penelope 
Saffin, to found a school for education of 12 children at Axminster in same 

As to the New England settler, John Saffin, who was probably in 
Scituate as early as 1643, much can be gleaned from the Register, iv. 
109; viii. 65; xxxi. 115; also Sewall's Diary, Mass. Hist. Soc. Coll., and 
the Record Com. Reports of Boston. He was one of those who in right 
of Maj. Humphrey Atherton, and by grant from the native princes, held 
part of the lands of the Narragansett, etc., and proposed, 1663-65, to 
improve it into an English Colony and Plantation. Dec. 30, 1701, the 
name occurs in an address to King William III. by his Protestant subjects 
of New York and vicinity.— N. Y. Col. MS. iv. 935. 

Saffin is a name rarely met with, and is not found in the Index of the 
Gent's Magazine from 1731-1818. 

• Brit. Mas. Harl. MS., 1163, fo. 244. 

I 1801.] StiHona' Booh, First Church, Mizabeth, N. J, 43 H 





^^^H CoDinmiikatod hy £dmtjmt» Jashls CLEVBLA^n), of Hartford* Conn. ^^^H 

^^^^p [CoDtinued fVom page 3^.] ^^^^| 








~ Wife of Henry Insley 



Worn ED at Mrs. Noela 




Mollier in law of Isaac Broeaw 



Wife of Capt. Henry 




Wife of Samuel Sargant 1 





1 Wife of Joseph Stackhouse 




^ft Timothy Ogden 


Drowned. ^B 

H Wifft of Benjamin Mulforcl 




CliiM of Vhivid MnUord 





Child of Capu Heury 



Son of Capt° Jacob Crane 




John Megie 




James Wilson 



Child of Thomas Quigley 




Child of Henry Willis 




^m Benj'^ [Norton] Cleveland 



^V [Great-pToat-pfrandfather of Mary* Stilwell, wife of Thomas Alva Edison, ^H 

^H Inventor; and ifreM-irraiidfather of Edmurid Jancs^ Cltivelantl (Joseph,* Benja- ^H 

^1 mill Norton/ Bctijaiiiiii Norton/ Ichabod/ Moses/ Moses, ^ of Wobum, Mas^., ^H 

■ llSiO.] 1 

^ Eev* JanieB Caldwell [pastor of the 


Shot by a H 


Soldier. ■ 

Two persons from N. York 




Mother of Ellas Morgan 

< 1 




Child of Henry WilliamB 



^ Wife of David Meeker 




B David Williams 




■ Wife of Robert Ogdeo Jun' 




■ Widow Ogden 




^ Child of Stephen Crane 





Child of Anthony Claweon 




Child of Aiithonv Morehonse 



1 M" Nomard at M' DurreU^a 

March; 20 


^K TOL. XLV. 5* ^M 

44 Sextons' Book, First Church, Elizabeth, IT. J. [Jan. 










Wife & child of Capt. Jon' 



Child of Benj- Hatfield 



Wife of Jedidiah Winans 



Child of John Mulford 


Child of Michael Woodruff 


David Arnet age 24 coq- 


Child of Thomas Eaton 




Son in law of John Blan- 


Child of Matthias Spinning 



John Megie 

Child of Joseph Ogden 


Child of Jedidiah Williams 



Child of Master Swan 


Jacob Woodruff 



Man at David Chandlers 


Child of Doct' Halstead 



Child of Robert Spencer 



Mother in law of Edward 


Son of Joseph Edwards 




Mother of Isaac Hatfield 


Wife of John Burrows 



Benj" Frazer 



Child of John Oliver 



Wife of Wm Ogden 


Child of Anthony Price 


Child of Moses Hatfield 



Child of William Hallbrook 


Wife of Joseph Cory 



Wife of Samuel Lee 


Child of Silas Halsey 


Child of Michael Megie 


Aaron Woodruff 


Child of William Remsden 


Child of Matthias Lyon 


Child of CapUJou'Peirson 


Abraham Crane 


Child of Mary Bowman 



Patty one of the poor 


Child of George Everson 



Wife of Nathaniel Higgins 



Child of Moses Conklln 


Child of Joshua Conkling 


Son of Stephen Potter 



Child of W" Halbrook 


Wife of Daniel Halsen 


Sally Ross 


Matthas Joline 


Child of Jonas Wood 



Child of Garret Kipp 


Child of Robert Miller 



Benjamin Crane 



Child of James Morehouse 


Children of David Williams 



Child of Thomas Mulford 


Eliot Crissey 


Child of M" Green 



Benjamin Hatfield 


Mother of Jonas Meeker 



Wife of Capt. John Potter 





Widow of Nehemiah Wade 



Widow Clark 


Joseph Magie 



Wife of Price dau. of 


Wife of Abraham Marsh 


J. Locker 

Child of Jonas Wood 


Abner Hatfield 



Mrs. Winans 


Sister of Joseph Meeker 


Wife of Benj° Magie 


Elias Winans 


Wife of Capt. Dickey 




Isaac Scudder 



Child of W» Foster 



Wife of Barnabas Ogden 



Child of Joseph Meeker 


Child of Anthony Price 



Mother of Ichabod Grum- 


[Hannah] Mother of Aaron 




Child of David Ross 


Child of Henry Insley 



Child of Capt John Potter 



Child of John Donnington 


Elizabeth Price 



Widow of Joseph Magie 


Negro Girl of Joseph 


Woman at John Leightens 



± V 

1S91.] Sextam' Book, FirBt Church, Elizabeth, iV. J. 45 H 

1 NAME. 



DEAta. ^M 




' Wife of Daniel Davis 



Child of W*" Ball 



1 Child of David Trice 

1 Feb 


Child of CapL JeK Ballard 


^L Child of Jaccpb Tunis 


Child of Ralph Price age ^^i^ 


^HPather of Joseph Ogden 


11 mo. 


^H Child of John Spinning 



Robert Little 


BChild of Samuel Smith 


Son of Benjamin Corey 


^B Child of Rob' Spencer 


Wife of Moses Meeker 

■ Child of liobert Little 



Child of Henry Norris 


^HXbenezer Spinning 


Child of Joseph Wood 

28 ■ 

■child of Daniel Davis 


12|Childof Capt. Bell 



■Brother of Elihu Bond 



Child of Robert Quigley 


^BUoses Connet age 40 


Child of Jonathan More- 


■Sister of M" Quigley 




^HAbraham Marsh 


Child of Benjamin Mulford 


■IChild of Anthony Price 


Child of Barnabas Ogden 


^^ Dau. of M" Graham 



Dau. of David Meeker 



Child of Hannah Conley 


Dau. of Caleb Halsted 


Child of Major W"^ Craue 


Sou of Elias Winans Jr, 



I Child of Robert Ogden Jr, 


Child of Amos Clark 


^LChild of William Brown 



Child of Capt, Thomas 



^■jBamuel Comstock 



^^^hild of John Stuart 


Child of Abner Bonnel 



^nVife of Robert Spencer 


David Crane 




Mrs. Watkins 


^" David Chandler 



Child of Silas Halsey 


3Iother of Samuel Smith 



Wife of David Ross Jr. 



__8tephen Passel [ParceU] 
■sirs. Carmtcle 
^Child of Joseph Oliver 



Wile of Luther Halsey 



Wife of John Clawson 



Child of Phebe lilorehonse, 



Widow Hortoo 


Child of Luther Halsey 


Child of Jedidiah Williams 



Widow of Stephen Passel 


Dau. of Benjamin Spinning 




Jo«eph Crane 


Dau. of Col. Spencer 



Child of Benjamin Megie 


Wife of David Edwards 


^^Child of James Winans 


Wife of Jacob Woodruff 


■Child of Dr. John Clark 


Mary wid. of Jon" Dayton 



^feoD of Obadiah Meeker 



Wife of William Meeker 

21 ■ 

^€hild of Maj. W" Crane 


M^ Courtman 

23 ^^M 

David Chandler 

Son of Jonathan Winans 



^ Child of Ezekiel Woodruff 


Child of Courtland Vanars- 


■tWife's sister of Moaes 




J_ Meeker 

Ichabod Grammoo 


^KWife of Benjamin Winans 


Daniel Thompson Jr. 

* ^^M 

■^Wife of John Blanchard 


Sti meson 



Dau. of Abraham Tucker 

Oct ' 


Child of Thomas Quigley ! 



Child of Daniel Brit ton 



Wife of David Spencer 


Dau. of John Robertson 


Joseph Coukliu 


Mao d. at Elihu Pierson's 


Child of Samuel Halsey 


, Child of Elihu Woodruir 



Child of Samuel Morehouse 


23 ^^M 

46 8exi(mi^ Book, First Churoh, Eliaabeth, IT. J. [Jan. 







Chad of Farrinffton Price 

Umphrey Spinniog 
Child of David Edwards 



Stephen Williams 




Child of Maj. Wm Crane 



Child of Enoch Williams 



Black woman of Isaac Bro- 


Child of Rachel Woodruff 



Child of Capt John WUey 


Wife of Ezekiel Baker 



Child of W»L. Ogden 


Jonathan Meeker 


Widow Littel 



Timothy Harrison 


Child of James Williams 


Child of Benjamin Molford 


Child of M' Murdock 


Child of Capt. David Lyon 
Moses Winans 



Child of Col. Mat' Ogden 
Child of Alexander Scott 




Child of John Chandler 



Joseph Wood 


Child of Ezekiel Baker 



Wife of Farrington Price 



Father of John Smith 


Widow of Daniel Price 


Wife of Samuel Bonnel 


Wife of Dr. Jon° T. Dayton 



Child of Farrington Price 



Child of James Winans 



Son of John Boyd 


Jonathan Peirson 



Child of Lewis Looker 



Wife of Carmen 


Stephen Haines Jr. 


Child of Smith 



Dau. of Joshua Winans 



Child of James Hughey 


Wife of Jonathan Miller 


Child of John Sofer 



Child of wid. Sarah Winans 



Lewis Mulford 


Black woman of Maj. Hat- 


Father of Jacob Ogden 



Jonathan Ogden 


Ebenezer Price 


Jacob Woodruff 



Negro child property of 


Matthias Bonnel 



wid. Jon" Magie 



Child of Josiah Meeker 


Mrs. Limington 


Mother of Thomas Crowell 


NeffTO man of Charles 


ChUd of Jacob Crane 



James Smith 



Sister of John Cooper 



Wife of Daniel Moore 




Gov' William Livingston 


Ichabod Ogden 


Child of John Smith 



Elias Winans 


Child of Enoch Williams 


Mary Cooley 



Child of Benjamin Spin- 



Benjamin Williams 


ning Jr. 

Benj" Willis 



Child of Caleb Halsted 


Child of Samuel Bonnel 



Wife of Luther Halsey 


Child of John Haviland 


Child of Moses Austin 


Child of Barnabas Ogden 
Child of Abraham Morrel 


Henry Woodruff 



John Price age 51 


Child of Jacob Crane 


Child of Elias Crane 


Child of Thomas Eaton 


Wife of David Whitead 


M' Baxter 



Child of John Clawson 



Child of Joseph Bond 


Dau. of Jon. Meeker deed 


William Higgins 


Child of Elihu Ogden 


Child of Jacob O^en 



Child of Tenrub Price 


Child of Shepherd Eollock 


Child of Elihu Price 



Wife of Gov. Livingston 


Dau. of Jedidiah Williams 


W 1S91,] Sextom' Book, First Church, Elizabeth, JT. J, 47 H 








^H Sod of Andrew Crane 



Wife of John Pierson 



■ Doct' W» Baniet 



Moses Meeker 


f Child of Colo Taylor 


Daniel Haines 



^ Wiie of Baker Woodruff 


Child of William Donning- 


■ Child of Elibu Bond 



^" Father of Abraham Winans 


Joanna Lyon 


I Child of Harry B^orce 


Child of David Magie 


^m Mother of W Barber 


Child of John Hauion 



^H Samuel Morehouse 



William Donnington 



^ Child of Daniel Willis 



liboda Hatfield 


Wife of Jacob Win an 3 1 



Mother of Jonathan More- 


Child of Ezekiel Magie 1 



; Wife of William Harriman 



Samuel Wood 



Mother of Nath' Price , 


AmoB Clark 



Mother of the wife of Elibu 


John Cooper Woodruff Sen' 



Wife of Capt. Jacob Crane 


A freiich boy died at Capt. 


Girl d. at John Havilands 

25 _fl 


Benj** Spinning 

26 ^H 

Child of James Hedges 


[Abner] Father of Elihu 


29 ^^M 

Child of James Williams 




} Colonel Matthias Ogden 


Child of Daniel Dayton 



Child of David Williams 


Child of Luther HaUey 


Child of Jonathan Price Jr. 



[ Mother of Job Woodruff 


D. DaytOQS 

^H Edward Spinning 


Child of John C. Wood- 


^H Child of John Donniugton 



^^ James Chandler Sent 



Mary dau. of W"" McAd- 


Daniel Stibhtns 


ams, scarlet fever 

1 Nathaniel Crane ' 


Child of Edmond Baker 


Child of Elihu Pierson 


Child of David Price 


K Dau of Ezekiel Woodruff 



Child of Samuel Smith ' 


^H Child of Stephen Crane 


Child of sister of Abner 


~ Jud' 

Passel [ParceU] 

Dau of Joseph Barnet 



Child of Dr. Isaac Morse 



Child of John Wiuans 



Matthias Woodridf 


Child of W^ Ludlow OgdeD 



[ Child of Caleb Halsted 


Child of Nebemiah Tunis 


L Wife of Charles Tucker 


Child of Col. ^ Taylor 


^H Wife of Aaron Baker 



1 Nathaniel Bowers 


^ Child of B«nj» Wlllijims 


Child of Joseph Bond 



Child of John Mulford 


Wife of Job Haiues 


^H Jeremiah Woodruff 


Two children of W" Hinds 


^H John liarrimau 


Child of Enos Woodruff 



^H Wife of Nathaniel Crane 


Child of Ephraim Price 


^B Child of John Pierson 


Child of Silas Halsey 


^ Child of W™ Conkliu 


Abraham Tooker 



j Child of Michael Magie 


Dau. of Samuel Morehouse 


^B Child of Samuel Stackbousc 




^1 Charles Tooker 


1 EdtDond Baker | 

4 ^^^ 

48 Sexton^ Book, First Church, Elizabeth, N. J. [Jan. 





Child of William Miller 
Child of Pbebe Conklin 
Child of Cortland Vanars- 


M' Brasher 
Mother of Lewis Pierson 
Robt. child of Doct Robt 

Elias Morgan 
Child of John Oliver 

Benj" Winans 
Dan. of W» Brown 
W» Southwell 
Child of Elihn Halsted 
Child of Lewis Tooker 
Mother of W» Pool 
Wife of David Ogden 
Wife of Henry Willis 
Child of Elias Sayre 
Child of Abraham Morrel 
Child of Moses Chandler 
Woman d. at S. Chandlers 
Dau. of Mrs. Abigail Ver 

Child of Benjamin Wil- 
Child of Jonathan Aken 
Child of Ralph Price a. 1 
Child of Lewis Peirson 
Child of Ephraim Hatfield 
Child of W» Dayton 
Grand child of Say res 

Child of James Hedges 
Child of Nathaniel Crane 
Child of Jonathan Williams 
Child of Henry Norris 
Child of Samuel Smith 
Son of Matthias Ogden 
Child of W» Ogden 
Child of John Clawson 
Child of Moses Hatfield 
Dau. of David Mulford 

Child of Elihu Terrill 
Child d. at Daniel Wil- 

Child of Henry Insley 
Child Benj° Haines 
































Child of Elihu Price 
Mother of Dr. John Clark 
man d. at Capt Corys 
Child of Lewis Tooker 
Stephen Harrison 
Dau. of Rebecca Stibbs 
Wife of Waters Burrows 
Sarah Chandler 
Frenchman that lived in 

Gov" House 
Rebecca Stibbs 
Son of Samuel Ayres 
George Ross Esq. 
Widow of Benj" Spinning 

Sister of Moses Creesy 
Child d. at John Leighten's 
Child of Megie 
Mother of John Miles 
Abraham Morrell 
Wife of W" Dayton 
Doct' John Clark 
Child of Nehemiah Tunis 
James Land 
Wife of Caleb Hatfield 
Matthias Crane 
Son of Lewis Mulford 
Daniel Woodruff 
Wife of Daniel Ogden 
Cornelius Badgely 
Mother of James Crane 
Nancy Winans 
Wife of Joshua Conklin 
Child of Flavel Woodruff 
Dau. of Capt.Tho«Crowell 
Child of Moses Johnson 
Son of Elihu Bond 
Child of David Edwards 
Mother of Abraham Harri- 
Wife of Silas Halsey 
M" Badgley sister of Cor' 

Child that died at Elias 

Child of dau of widow of 

W™ Higgins 
Mrs Eraser 
Child of Aaron Lyon 







































^^^^R.] iSexion$* Book 

. First Church, Elizabeth, K. J. 49 ^ 







Child of dau. of W" Creesy 



James Da^ worthy 



Child of Mr. at G. 


Child of Jonathau Townley 


Robert son 8 

Child of William Badgley 


Child that d. at John | 



Ichabod Rosa 




David Woodruff 


Child of JohD Mills 


Child of Job Wiuana 

14 , 

Doct Jonathan I. Daytou 1 


Child of Aaron Toot 


Child of Jaojes Kinsey 




Child of Benj" Scudder 


Child of Rev. R. Chapman 



^K Janr. 

Child of Jacob Dormhigtou 



■ W"* Halted 


Child of Daniel Lyon Jr. 


^B Sou of Stephen Wheeler 


Child of Obadiah Meeker 

22 ' 

^H Child of Jonathan Baker 



Mother of John Mamikou 


^1 Child of Andrew Ross 


Child of Moses Wiuana 



^B Child that d. at J. Smith's 



Stephen Crane Esq. 


^H M'* Stogden 



Child of brother of Benj 


■ Child of Calvin VYoodrufE 



r Child of W» Badgley 



Child of Jonathan Chandler 



^ Caleb HaiHeld 


Benjamin Miller 


H Child of Lewis Mulford 


Father of Jof4eph Bond 


^ Doct, William Winans 



Child of W™ Vanduzer 


Cornelius Hatfield Esq. 


Stephen Paasel [Parcell] 


Child of Stephen Paasel 



Wife of Luther Dean 


3 1 


One of the Poor 


^m John Jackson 



Hanuah Winans 


^1 Widow Williatys 


Child of Ephraim Price 



^V Child of John Conklin 


Child of Daniel Ro83 



^f Child of John Smith 



James Winana 


\ ChUd of Daniel Sale Jr. 



Child of Juaaihan Sayres 


l_ Child of Benf Mills 


Wife of John Woodrui! 


H Wife of WiUiam Miller 


Child of Polly Hall a. 6 


V Child of Silas HaUey 



Dau. of William Meeker 


f Child of John Hanion 


Cortlandt Vanarsdal 



^^ Child of Eliho Ogden 


Son of Jonathan Meeker 


^H Child of Datnel Elulsey 


Child of Benjamin Mills 


^H Wife of James Bonnet 



Child of Lewis Mulford 


H Child of Gabriel Clark 


Child of Moses Chandler 


^™^ Aaron Baker 



Wife of John Mulford Jr. 


r Man d. at Tim' Druers 


Child of Gardner 



^m Wife of John Locker 


Wife of Jacob Syren 



■ Wife of John WUey 


Child of Jamea Williams 


^H Wife of Timothy Druer 


Mrs. Bogert 


■ Child of 


Abraham Morrel 



^1 Child of Heury Willis 


Child of Mr. Gracy 


^H Sister of Capt Isaac Spin- 



Child of Edward Searles 


^H x^^g 

William Ball 



^H Child of John Lelufi 


Caleb Woodruff 


^M [or Teiuil] 

JoDathan Wade, yellow 

! 11 


^^GkUd of Gilbert KineUe 




Sextofu^ Book, First Church, Mizaheth, N. J. [Jan. 







Hiram Hatfield yellow fever 



Uzal Woodruff 



Stephen De Hart 


Silas Potter 


Child of Thomas Eaton 


William Marsh 


Son of Enoch Williams 


David Meeker of Lyons 



John Quigley yellow fev. 



ChUd of Ezekiel Magie 


John Haviland 



David Ross 



Jacob Crane 



Child of Aaron Boss 



Child of John Dow 



Wife of Rev. John Giles 



Child of Isaac Crane 



Child of Benj« Scudder 


Anthony Price Sexton : 

Moses Wood 


Child of Aaron Hetfield Jr 


Child of CoL Aaron Ogden 


Samuel Halsey 



Child of Elias Sickles 


John Syron 



Son of Benj Wade from 



Joseph WhiteChe]ad 


Conn. Farms 

Barnabas Shute 


Child of Ephraim Whidock 



Widow Mary Brittin 



William Baldwin 



Dan. of Jacob Long 


Child of David Shannon 


Aaron Hatfield Sr. 


Henry son of Col. Matthias 


Abner Badgley 




Wife of John Atchinson 



John Spinning 


Son of Caleb Dayton 



Abraham Woodruff 



Samuel Stackhonse 



Jacob Winans 



Child of Thomas Haviland 



Matthias Lyon 



Child of Robert Gibbons 



Child of Benj Winans son 
of Jacob 



Widow Crane moth' of 
Wm. Baldwin 



Man that d. at Dan'l Posts 


Jacob Vredenburgh 



Henry lusley 


John Chandler Sen. a 67 



[Bonnell] wife's sister of 



Joseph Gibbs 

Nathan Woodruff 





Child of William Remsden 



Woman at Thomas Crow- 



Stephen Potter 



Timothy Woodruff 



Robert Stackhouse 



Phebe dau of Ralph Price 



Wife of Gavin Scott 



David Mulford 


Wife of John Chandler Sr. 


Wife of Benj Haines 



Davis Hunt 


Daniel Sale 


Twins of Thos.Lovell 


Nathaniel Norris 



Capt. Richard Towuley 



Elias Darby 


Child of James Bonnel 


Widow Wade 



Child of Moses Meeker 


John Hatfield 



Child of Mr. Dixey 



Jonathan Cree [Y.) 


Mother of John Peet 


John Hamilton (from N. 



Child of Lewis Terrell 


Samuel Buunel 



ChUd of Elihu Brittan 



Samuel Ayres 


Jaramiah Smith 



Child of Major Denman 



Note.— A copy of the remainder of this record will be deposited in the library of the 
New-England Historic Genealogical Society at Boston. 


Genealogical Gleanings in England. 



By E<yitT F. Wateus, A.M., now residing in LoodoUt England. 
[Continued from toL xliv, pnge 398.] 


I HAVE long felt it a pious duty to look up the Hollia and 
Hoi worthy families, and ever since I first came here I have been 
gradually picking up items about them in Wills. It has occurred 
to me that one or two numbers of my Gleanings eepecially devoted 
to these and other benefactors of my old college* would be proper, 
I now send some HoIIib matter. The Hollia family were cutlera f)y 
trade though Drapers by company. A pedigree and notice of the 
fiimily may be found in Moranfs Essex, Vol. II, p. 1(j7. A letter of 
Thomas Hollis the great benefactor is printed in the Register, 
VoK II. p. 265. See also Memoir of Thoraas Hollia, London, 
1780,— H. F. Waters, 

[The following is a brief genealogy of the Hollis family : 
"Thomas Hollis^ of Rotherhaiu in Yorkishire, a cutler, came to 
London during the civil wars* His wife's maiden name was Ann 
Whiting. They had sons, Thoraas, Nathaniel and John, and a 
daughter Mary. Thomas died without issue. Nathaniel had several 
children, of whom only one, by name Thomas, survived htm. 
This Thomas was the second benefactor of that name, and was the 
father of another benefactor, mentioned in the Harvard College 
Kecords as Thomas Hollis, Esq., of Lincoln's Inn. John Hollis 
bud a considerable family of children, of whom the most important 
were Timothy and Isaac. All these men, with the exception of 
Thomas Hollis of Rotherham, appear in the College Records as 
benefactors. In these notes, the three benefactors who bore the 
name of Thomas Hollis will be distinguished as 1st, 2d and 3d. 
Robert Thorner was an uncle of Thomas Hollis Ist.— (See Morants 
£B8ex, 2 : li>, and Memoirs of Thomas Hollis (3d), L pp. 1 and 2,)" 
— EvARTsB, Greene, of Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.f] 

Thohas Smith, citizen and cutler of London (aged) 21 November 1674, 
proved 6 May 1675. To wife Anna for term of her natural life my capital 
messuage or tenement &c in the parish of Waltbamfitow in Essex, except 
the Utile tenement wherein John Tompkins now liveth. Aod afterwards 
the reversion &c of the same to my son John Smith and the heirs of his 
body lawfully begotten. To my said eon John my messuages &c in Duo- 

• Few of oar readers oecd to be told that tbe alma mater of Mr. Waters is TTarvard Col- 
kge. He wAi pjiduafeetl in the cIms of 1855. See ReoiMTBRi vol. 39, {sjt^e 325.— EDiToa. 

t Tliis and the other annotatluns to which Mr. Oroeni;'it tiame is aMxed. bAve been 
kiadly cootributeU bv Evarts B, Greene of Cambridge, Mass., a member of the Hanrard 
SflmJfuuy in Amcricaii History .--EBiToa. 

52 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [Jan. 

mowe, Essex, with condition that my said son John, his heirs or assigns, or 
gome of them, shall and do within the space of three months next after mj 
decease pay, or satisfy, or cause to be paid or satisfied, unto my foresaid 
wife Anna the full sum of four hundred pounds in performance of a contract 
made between us at and before marriage. I give and bequeath unto my 
eldest son Thomas fifty pounds, to my youngest son William fifty pounds, 
to my grandsonn Thomas Smith, son of my second son John, one hundred 
pouuds, and to my bnother Tfaiomas Thorowgood twenty shillings (to buy 
him a ring). I give to my sister Frances Tompkins her dwelling free in 
the house wherein she now liveth during her natural life, and to her now 
husband after her decease, so long as he shall live a widower. To my 
brother Valentine twenty shillings (for a ring), to my kinswoman Frances 
Burrough five pounds. Twenty shillings each to my sister Margaret Ellis, 
to my sister Elizabeth, to my brother Thomas Hollis, to my sister Frances 
Tompkins and to my sister Susan. To my sister Katherine twenty shil- 
lings a year, to be paid out of my lands in Walthamstowe. The residue to 
my executrix and executor equally. Wife Anna to be the executrix and 
sou John the executor. Dycer, 52. 

Robert Thorkeb of Baddesley, in the oo. of Southampton, gen\ 31 May 
1690. To my wife Rachel Thomer five hundred pounds absolutely &c in 
case she have no child by me ; but if she have any child by me then I give 
the said five hundred pounds only for the term of her natural life ; and after 
her deceiEise I give the same to such child. To said wife my tenement and 
lands at Pitton in the oo. of Wilts, during her natural life ; and after her 
decease I give the same to Ellis Langford, son of Harry Langford, now in 
Jamaica, if he be then surviving ; and if not, then to Edward Langford of 
Loudon, goldsmith. To my sister Katherine Begon the interest or use 
arising upon one hundred pounds for the term of her natural life, to be paid 
to Mr. John Filer of Litton, in Dorset, to be by him paid and given towards 
my said sister^s subsistence. And after her decease I ^ive the said sum of 
one hundred pounds to the grandchildren of my said sister (equally). To 
my niece Mary Thorner of Blackfriars, London, three shillings per week 
for the term of her natural life. To Thomas Durman, my wife's brother, 
two shillings and four pence per week; to Margery Durman, my wife's 
sister, ten pounds. To Mrs. Elizabeth Legay, daughter of Mr. 
Isaac and Katherine Legay, of Weststoake near Chichester, Sussex, 
one hundred . pounds, if living and unmarried two years after my 
decease, or if then married with her parent's consent and good liking. 
To my reverend pastor Mr. Nathaniel Robinson of Southampton twenty 
pounds; to his daughters Mrs. Elizabeth and Mrs. Anne Robinson ten 
pouuds each to buy a 'piece of plate in remembrance of me. To Isaac 
Watts,* son of Isaac Watta pf Southampton, clothier, ten pounds to be paid 
to his father for his use. To the ^dest son of Robert Beare of Southampton, 
five pounds. To Robert Ha^kji^, son of J^c^rd Hawkins of Blackfriars, 
Loudon, ten pounds. To Mr. John Fjle];, minister, and Mr. Richard 
Mead way of Litton, Dorset, twenty s^illjaga each to buy rings. To Wil- 
liam Sprackett, now of TaaH^OQ, .tw^tjr.^ pounds. To Mrs. Elizabeth 
Belchamber, of Twickenham near London,' ten pounds. To Hester Davis, 
wife of John Davis of Titchfield, five pounds. To Mrs. Cuell of Winches- 

• Was not this the fomons Dr. Watts, who was bom in Soathampton Jaly 17, 1674, and 
who was therefore in his sixteenth year at the date of this will } His flftther, Isaac Watts 
of Southampton, at one time kept a boarding school there.— h. f. w. 


Genealogical Gleanings in England. 



ter ten pounds. To Mrs. Margaret Noyes and Mrs. Cooper, widows^ and 
Jonntban Batclielor and Jonathan Tremaine, all of Southampton, five 
pounds each. To the Congregational church in Southampton to which I 
belong two hundred pounds, for and towards the maiijteiiance of a minister 
or pastor among them» K) he improved at interest or eke laid out in the 
porobftse of lands. To the officera of the said church all my interest in the 
boose above the Bar in Southampton built for a meeting place for the 
congregation there attending, so long as it shall continue to be used as a 
meeting place. And in case the same he not used as a meeting place then 
immediately from and after such disuse I give and bequeath the aarae house 
and appurtenanceB unto Mr. Nathaniel Robinson, if living, or in case of his 
decease before the expiration of the ]ea*e, to his daughter Mrs. Elizulieth 
Robinsout and in case of her decease &o. to the second sou of Isaac Watts 
aforenamed for the remainder thereof. 

"Item I devise give and bequeath unto Harvard College in New England 
whereof Mr, Increase Matther is now President, the Ru0ie of (five hundred 
pounds to be paid unto the President of the said Colledge and imployed for 
the propogateing of learning and piety which sufi^e I appoint my Executors 
or Trustees or their Successors to pay out of the Revenues of my Lauds 
IQ London soe soone as it shull be raised out of the neate proceedes thereof 
after the expiracon of S' Peter Vandeputts Lease according to the limita- 
cons and directions and in manner and forme hereafter expressed. Item I 

rise give and be<[ueath all my reall estate in Messuages Lands Tenements 
appurtenances scituate and being in the city of London being at pres- 
ent of the value of eighty fiounds per Atitnim and after the Lease of the 
aaiDe to S' Peter Vandeput be expired tniiy be of the value of ffoure hun- 
dred pounds per Annum (be it more or lesse) unto Mr. Bennett Swain© 
citiiien and tlifehroongiT of London, Isaac Watts of the Towue and County 
^ Southampton clothier Thomas Hollis jua'^ of London cutler and John 
rSrack^tone of the Towne and County of Southampton cloiliier To liold the 
ftaid Mes^nages Lands Tenem**and appurtenances unto them the said Beniiett 
Swayne Isaac Watts Thomas Hollis jun'^ and Johu Brackstone and to their 
Successors and Assigties to be appointed as is hereafter declared for ever. 
Tn Trust nevertheless for the use and uses hereafter mentioned & expressed 
That is to say Tenne pounds per Annum forever out of the neat proceedi 
ii*ues and profitts of the said Lands to be efpially divided hetweene my 
aaid Trustees yearly and soe from time to time to continue to their succes- 
sors in the said Trust for their own proper use and uses cleare of all charges 
and disbursements as a recompence for their dischargeing the Trust iti them 
re[K>sed in receiveing the rents issues and profitts of my said Lands ami 
diM^Kfseing of the residue thereof according to this my Will which said 
Tenne pounds per Annum being allowed and my other Legacies aforemen- 
coned paid alsoe my debts and tfunerall expences and other charges first 
paid and dischargeii I appoint the first five bundred pounds which shall 
9XWt out of the residue oi the neate proceeds rents issues and profilts of 
tbe said Lands to be for the dischargeing of the Legacie aforenienconed 
given to my child in case my Wile hath any such child by me then the same 
to l>e im[doyed and disposed of for the maintenance education and portion 
of such child in manner as aforesaid. And after payment of the said tlive 
hundred pounds for my child (if any such be) Then I appoint Twenty 
jionnds per Annnm of tbe remaineing neate and cleare proceeds issues and 
profitts of the said Lands during the continuance of the Lease now in beiug 
by wbicb tbe said Lands are demised to be paid and imployed .towards the 


Genealogical Gleanings in England* 


maintenance of a fFree Schoole in the parish of Litton in the Countj of 
Dorsett to tertch the Male children of the said parish to read write caat 
accompt and grammar from the age of 8»Jc yeare8 to tifteene The Schoole- 
niaster to be nominated hy my Trustees and the remainder of the neate 
uaues and profitta of the said Lauds the foregoing legacies menconed being 
first allowed I give to the binding out apprentices to Mechanicall labouring 
trades such poor children and youth as are of pious and sober persons of 
the said Parish of Litton the Towne of Dorchester towne of Southampton 
and City of Sariim to every child five pounds for placeing out apprentice 
and 6ve pounds more for a stock to sett up at the end of their apprentice- 
shipp which I will only to such persons of the said places as are sober and 
industriously inclined in the judgment of my Trustees. And for the more 
exact direction of my Trustees in this affaire I appoint that if the said 
Lands determined to this use as aforesaid shall amount to ffive hundred 
pounds received in Land by my said Trustees Then the same to be disposed 
the one fourth parte thereof to the children of Litton & the other three fourth 
partes thereof to t!ie children of Dorchester and the second live hundred 
pounds soe to be raised and received as aforesaid to be disposed to and for 
the cliildren of Southampton And the third fflv© hundred pounds in like 
manner to and for the children and youth of Sarum and soe successively as 
money shall be raised and received in such severall eumes of Ifjve hundred 
pounds to be disposed in manner and for the uses aforesaid for the placeing 
and setting up of the children of sober persons of the places aforenamed. 
The said children and youth being accordingly qualifyed as farre as may be 
discerned by my Trustees during the continuance of the said Lease by 
which the said Lands are now granted And after the expiracon of the said 
Lease then I devise and appoint one hundred pounds certaine per annum 
out of the rents issues and profitis of the said Lands (the teone pounds per 
annum to my Trustees and my other Legacies aforemeneoned first being 
paid) to be iii)|)loyed to the uses aforesaid that is to say One fourth parte of the 
said one hundred pounds per Annum towards the ffreeschoole at Litton and 
the other three fourth parts thereof to the placeing and setting op of childi*en 
of the places aforenamed to be raised received and disposed of in like manner 
as aforesaid and soe to continue forever to the end of time And the overplus 
of the rents and profitta of the said Lands above the said tenne pounds per 
annum to my Trustees and their Successors (my other Legacies aforesaid 
and the said one hundred pounds per Annum above menconed I devise the 
first five hundred pounds that can be raised thereof after the aforesaid Lease 
he expired to be for the discharging the Legacie aforemeneoned to Harvard 
CoUedge in New England to be paid to the then President thereof for the 
uses aforesaid And after payment of the said ffive hundred pounds Then I 
devise the remaining overplus which shall arise as aforesaid out of my said 
Lands to be imployed for the building of Alraeshouses within the Towne 
and County of Southampton for the maintenance of poore widowes each 
widow to he allowed two shillings per weeke and her house room the same to 
be purchased built and maintained when a convenient sunie of money is raised 
by the revenues aforesaid for performing the same and soe to be maintained 
and increased in number from time to lime forever according as moneys 
shall arise as aforesaid out of the said Lands And I doe nominate appoint and 
ordaine them the said Bennett Swayne Isaac Watts Thomas Mollis juu^ and 
John Brackaton to be equall joynt and sole executors of this my last Will 
and Testament." 

Proved by Thomas Hollis and Bennet Swayne 8 December 1690 and by 
Isaac Watts aod John Brackstoue 4 June l6dL Dyke, 21 L 



Genealogical Gleaningg in England. 



[Under the record of a meetlnjsr of the Cfjrpnration held Dec. 24th, lGf>l, the 
proiifiions of Thomas's will, bavins reference to the College, are cited as above. 
On this pape is entered a memorandum uiade at a later period, giving pait« of 
a letter from Ileory Newman, as follows. The letter is dated June 10th, 1710. 

'* I have enqnjred after Mr. Robert Thomer'a legacy of £600, ,.,..! com- 
pared the abstract yon sent me out of the College reglsterj & found them agree- 
ing with the will." Fie gives the names of the trusteei* at that time, among 
them, John Hollls, who succeeded Beiuiet Swalne, deceased (see Ct*Ueffe Book, 
IV. and V. p. 3, befflnnioi; at the back). On the »aroe page \^ the following 
memorandum : " ^Cr. Tlionier's will expire A.D. 17(19, says Sir. T. HolUa 
(nephew), In his letter, Aug. 5, 1734," 

In 1728, a copy of the will was received, from Thomas Ilollis 1st. A memo- 
randum by Wadsworth at this time suggest'* doubts as to the value of tlio leases 
mentioned (College Book, '♦Wills, Giftsi and nranls," p. 18). The full amount 
of this legacy was not paid until 1775. lu 1774, Timothy Ilollis, then one of 
the trustees, announced that he was ready to pay £1<X* at once and the rcuialtider 
of the legacy before the new year. In the winter of 1774-5, an order wftij drawn 
on HoUis for the remainder, whicli he had already declared himself ready to 
pay.— (See Hollis Letters, p. 83, and Harvard College Papers, 3 : p. 31.)-— Ev arts 
B. Grei£ke.] 

Thomas Hollis the elder^ of the parish of St. Mary in White Chapel» 
Middlesex, and citizen and draper of Lrxniou, 27 January 1713, proved 23 
September 1718. To wife Ann Hollis one hundred pounds and th« furni- 
ture of the chamber wherein we usually h>dge. My annuity of twenty- 
five pounds payable out of Her Majesty's Treasury for the term of ninety 
nine years (by virtue of Tally or order bearing date 16 Oct. 1708) to my 
•on Tbomaa Hollis in Trust for my said wife so long as she shall happen to 
live, and then to my son Thomas. To said sou Thomas one hundred 
pounds. To my granddaughter Mary Winnock fifty pounds. To the seven 
children of my son John Hollis^ namely Isaac, Samuel, Jacob, Timothy, 
Hannah, Ann and Elizabeth, seven hundred pounds, to be equally divided 
and paid to them at their respective ages of one and twenty years or days 
of marriage. To my grandson Thomas Hollis two hundred pounds. My 
annuity of fifty pounds payable out of Her Majesty^s Treasury {by virtue 
of Tally and order dated 26 Oct, 1706) to my said grandson Thomas 
Hollis, in trust for Nathaniel Hollis son of me the said Testator and father 
of my said grandson so long as he shall happen to live, and after that in 
tniet for my grandson William Ladds for the whole remainder of the term 
(ninety nine years). Another annuity of forty five pounds to my said 
grandson in trust for my said son Nathaniel and next to the said Thomas. 
Another annuity of fifty pounds to my said son John in trust for my 
daughter Mary Ladds, for her own separate and peculiar use and mainten- 
ance exclusive of her husband who shall not intermeddle with the same, and 
after her decease in trust for my granddaughter Mary Reniialls, daughter 
of the said Mary Ladds. A hequeat to a cousin Hannah Hulton and her 
children (except James and P],lizabeth her two eldest children ). To the chil- 
dren of a late sister Hannah Brunt, to the children of a late sister Mary Gold 
of Derbyshire, to a cousin Daniel Sheldoii, a cousin Aun Ramskar, to Wil- 
liam Creawick and his sister Elizabeth Creswick^ to friends M' William 
Woolaston and Mr. Robert Rennalls. 

Sons Thomas and John Hollis to be executors. A cordicil made 1 1 
January 1716-17, in which be calls himself Thomas Hollia the aged and 
refers to a decay in the sighi of his wife Anne, provides for a trust for the 
use of a cousin Dorothy Malin, widow, and her two daughters &C. 

TeoisoQ, 17B. 

VOL. XLV. 6* 


Oenealogical Gleanings in Englam 

[For an account of Thotnas Hollis, the elder, see •*Meinolr» of Thomas 
noUis (3d), pp* 112/* In the Rkoibter, Vol. 2 (184B), p. 2€5» \& printed a 
letter from Tboiaa* Hollls 1st, dated Aug. 25tli, 1719, In which he alludes to the 
death of his father. He was a generous benefactor of numerous charitable and 
reli^ons msUtutlous. He died in London in 1718, agod S4 years ^-—Eyakts B. 


Thomas Hollis, senior of St. Mary, Whitechapel, Middle*ei, and 
citizen and draper of London 6 January 1729. proved 26 January 1730. 
Five huudred pound* or more to be laid out and expended for mourning 
and other such purposes. AH my freehold messuageR &c in Ash and 
Winoxverge near Sandwich^ Kent, now in occupation of Thocaas Minter or 
his uuderteoantfi, unto Richard Solly (second son of my nephew Richard Solly 
deceased) and his heirs forever. And my mind and Will is that his uncle 
John Solly of Feversham, grocer, do manage and U*ke care of the same in 
trust for him until he shall arrive at his age of twenty-one years. My 
messuage or tenement in the parish of St. Laurence Pountncy to my nephew 
Thomas Hollia (son of my brother Nathaniel Ilollis) also my freehold lands 
&c in Pollox Hill, Bedford. I give to Thomas Hfillis (son of my nephew 
Thomas Hollis) three thousand pounds to he paid to his father in trust for 
him until he arrive at the age of twenty-one years. To my brother 
Nathaniel Hollis one thousand pounds and also two hundred pounds per 
annum for life. To my brother John Hollis two thousand pounds and I 
hereby ratify and confirm the settlement or provision which I huve formerly 
made for the beiielit of the children of my said brother John Hollis 
(five^ namedt Isaac Hollis, Timothy Hollis, Mary Winiiock, Hannah 
Edwards and Elizabeth Ashurst). To nephew William Ladds, merchant, 
one thousand pounds. To niece Mary Reynolds, wife of John Reynolds, 
one thousand pounds, and to her daughter my cousin Mary Reynolds one 
thousand pounds. To my said cousin the furniture of my chamber at 
Tottenham and her mother Ladd's picture. To P^lizabeth Williams, wife 
of Jolin Williams, daughter of my late uncle John Hollis of St. Albania 
deceased, one hundred pounds. One hundred pounds apiece to each of 
the children of my said cousin Elizabeth Williams, over and above what I 
have alreiidy advanced and given. One hundred pounds apiece to the two 
children of my late cousin Dorothy Moor deceased, viz. Hannah Malyn 
and Elizabeth I^Ialyn^ over and uliove what I have already advanced and 
given. To Joshua Hollis, covenant servant to John and Thomas Hollis 
cutlers, three hundred pounds. To Elizabeth and Ana Hollis, children of 
my cousin Thomas Hollis of St. Al ban's, cutler deceased, three hundred 
pounds, to be paid into the hands of their brother, the said Joshua Hollis. 
To my said brother John Hollis one hundred and thirty-four pounds four 
shillhigs and ten pence in the stock commonly called the Orphan's stock in 
the Chamber of London, in trust to pay the dividends &c unto my cousin 
Hannah Ikuton Senior during her life and next among her children. And 
I give m\<\ bequeath unto the proper use of my cousin Hannah Hutton, wife 
of James Hutton senior, two huiMlred pounds, and to her son George Hut- 
ton f>ne huiiflred puuuds. To Elizabeth Edmonds, daughter of my said 
cousin llammh Hutton, fifty pounds. To my brother John and my nephews 
Thomas :ind Timothy Hollis one thousand potmda in trust for such pnr- 
poseH iVA I have or shall direct them. To my brother John and his son 
Isaac Hollis fifteen hundred pounds in trust for such purposes as I have 
already or hereafter shali direct them by writing under my hand. To the 
President and Governors of Christ Church Hospital London five hundred 




Gentalogicul Gleanings in England, 


pouods for tbe placing of poor boys out unto masters in apprenticeship, thej 
permitttDg my esecutor to nominate two boys to be taken in qualified 
according to the rules of the House. To tbe President and Governors 
of St, Thomas's Hospital, Southwark, five buudred pounds for the use 
of the poor of the same. To tbe President and Governors of the 
Corporation for tbe poor of the City of London, or the New Workhouse in 
Bisfaopsgate Street, five hundred jiouuds* To John Noble and Edward 
"Wallin, gentlemen, five hundred pounds on trust to distribute the same for 
and upon such trusts &c. as I have or shall direct. To tbe Deacons of the 
French Church in Threadueedle Stieet one hundred pouuds. to be distri- 
buted amongst tbe poor of tbe said church. To the Deacons of the Dutch 
Church in Austin Friars one hundred pounds for the poor in like imiuuer. 
To the Church Wardens of tbe parish of Trinity Minories, where I lately 
lived, twenty pounds to be dista'ibuted amongst tbe poor housekeepers therein, 
and thirty pounds more &c To John Browne and John Wadsworth of 
Sheffield in Yorkshire one hundred pounds upon trusts to give tbe same 
unto such of the poor laboring workmen of Sheffield as I have formerly 
dealt with and other poor people in Sheffield and its neighborhood. To 
Thomas Halford and John Heiin of Birmingham in WarwicksBire fifty 
pounds upon trust to distribute the same amongst such of tbe poor cutler*, 
both short and long, and other workmen of Birmingham as I used to deal 
withalb To Charles Osborne of Wolverhampton in Staffordshire the like 
sum of fifty pounds to distribute amongst such poor workmen there as I have 
usually dealt with. To ]Mr. John Towers near Ablgate one hundred 
pounds for the use of the Society for Reformation of Mauuers iji London 
for the encouragement of so useful a work. To Mr. Jeremiah Hunt one 
hundred pounds for his own use, and tfie further sum of one hundred 
pounds for the use of his sou Benjamin Hunt. 

I do hereby name and appoint my aforesaid nephew Thomas Holis, son 
of my said brother Nathaniel Hollis, to be my successor in the Trusts com- 
mitted to me as executor to and Trustee of my late uncle Robert Tboruer &c. 

** And Whereas I have at Sundry times remitted diverse sumsof money 
to the Treasurer of the Corporation of Harvard Colledge in New England 
for service I have appointed or shall hereaiter appoint in that Colledge and 
the Corporation are become Obliged to me and to my Executors under their 
toal for the true perform anoes of my orders aud paying and distributing of 
llw Annual Increase or Interest that shall arise therefrom Now I do hereby 
appoint my Executor Thomas Hollis my Trustee concerning tbe same* and 
I order chat he have tbe same powers in uominating and confirming the 
Professors and the Students that are on my ffouudation which I might 
claime in all things according to tbe Power I have reserved or shall reserve 
to my self Aud I give him Power to appoint his successor in tbe same 
Trusts after him in Hke mauner to Supervise as much as may be and to call 
for Accounts and in case of Imbezlement contrary to my orders to put the 
Obligations in suit and to luforce them in all times comiug.'* 

All the residue of personal estate to said nephew Thomas HoUia (son of 
my sxid brother Nathaniel Hollis) aud I make and ordain him full and sole 
executor. Wit: Josiab Maber, W" Limbery, Humfrey Buck. 

A codicil, dated 6 July 1730, provides for bequeats of ** fifty pounds to 
Mr. J. Maber who now lives with me " aud fifty pouoda apiece to your ser- 
vants. Isham^ 10* 

[The eUuae of the will relating to Harvard Collegd b given aa above in the 
HoUla Book, p. 34. 



Genealogical Gleanhigs in England, 


In Newman's letter of Jane, 1710, alrcadj quoted, to the coUegre anthorities, Is 
the follo^lnp very interesting clause : ' ' Mr. Thomas HoUis, one of the Trustees 
at the Cro(^ Da^rgers in Little Minories, desires his will may be inquired for after 
his death. Abont the year 1718, an eflbrt was made to divert Hollis's pfts to the 
CoUegre at New Haven. In thiH design. Cotton Mather, then on bad t^nus with 
the college aathoritles, took a prominent part. The gist of this episode i8 given 
in letters quoted by Quincy In his history of Hansard College, 1 : p. 527, 628T In 
his letter to lncrea>ie Mather, Aug. 25th, 1719, already referred to, HoUis speaks 
of having sent over produce to the amount of £3(J0 for the benefit of the college* 
and adds : " I have thuts living or by wiU to order over to yon a large parsel 
[of] goods, the produce to be added for same uses to the sum you now have La 

The ** diverse sums of money" remitted at *♦ Sundry times to the Treasurer 
of Harvard Colled ge " may be found noted from time to time in the records of 
the Corpomtloa for thiis period. His first gift wa.s that just mentioned. On 
May 2ltb. 1720 fColL Book, IV. and V. p. 66), the following vote was recorded : 
" Voted that the thanks of the Corporation be rendered by ^fr. Pr*>i'd*t & Mr. 
Colenmn to the worthy Mr. Thomas HolHit of London, for the further valuable 
donation he has been pleaded to make to the College, and is already In part ar- 
rived." The gifts made by IloUis up to 1775 are siununarized In the following 
extract, from the formal Msknowledgment given by the Corporation In response 
to his request of Hollis.— (See Coll. Book, IV. and V, pp. 105, 106) : 

'♦ Whtreas it hath pleased Almighty God to Inspire Mr. Thomas Hollis, mer- 
chant in London, with niOMt pious and generous dejjiljrns for y" honour of onr 
great and glorious Lord & Saviour & for y* good of nuiiikind &. hath in particular 
disposed him to execute some of those designs iu ample & most beneficial 
donations to Har\'ard College aforesaid, luHomueh y* there hath already tlowed 
into y Treasurj' from y* bountiful liand of y* snid Mr. Thomas Hollis to y* value 
of three thousand six hundred & seventy pounds, thirteen sliiUinga & an half 

penny he both transmitted stAtutes dnte .January y tenth 1722 which are 

lately come to y« bauds of y' said Pres'd't & FeDows of llanard College, wherein 

he directs y' y* Increase or produce of y same be applied to y" ends 

followingTy' is to say, eighty pounds per Annum' part thereof for a Salary & 
support for his Professor of Divinity, ten pounds apiece per annum to ten 
srbolars, more or fewer according to y* produce y* money shall make per 
Annum," It is interesting to note in this connection that one of the first scholars 
on the Hollis fouudnition was Samuel Mather, a grandson of Increase Mather. — 
(See LetltT of Ilollis iu '* Hollis Letters, 9.") The Divinity Professorship wag 
founded iu 1721, Various letters on this subject, which passed between Hollla 
on oue side, and the President and Mr. Colnian, a Fellow, on the other, are re- 
printed in Quincy'H History, 1 : 529-640. The tirst reference in the college 
records to this subject Is in the College Book, Nos. IV, and V., under date of 
April 25th, 172L There was a prolonged discussion on the subject of the new 
Professorship (q. v, Quincy, 1 : 529-540, where a large number of these 
letters are reprinted from the College archives), of which we find frequent 
record in the College books. HolUs showed throughout this discussion a liber- 
ality of spirit remarkable in those times. Hollis. it must be remembered, be- 
louged to the Baptist denomination, though afflllatljig to some exteut with the 
Independents in London (see his letter to Increase Mather, Register, 2 : 265). 
In his regulations for the Divinity Professor, the only theological test required 
was ** that he tieclaro it as his belief that the Bible is the only and most perfect 
mle of f aitli and manners." The Overseers amended by striking out the words 
*• and most." and substituting for *' Bible" the ** Scriptures of the Old and New 
Testament." — (See HolUs's Book, pp. 3 and 4 ; Records of Overseers, 1 : 21 , 22.) 
In January, 1721-2, Edward Wiggles worth was elected the first " HoUissian 
Professor in Harvard College/'— (Coll. Book IV. and V. p. 74.) In the winter 
of 1726-7, Hollis transmitted £1127 to found a Professorship of Mathematics 
and Natural Philosophy, and in the following year presented the college with a 
valuable set of philosophical apparatus. Aside from these larger gifts, he 
proved his constant interest in the College by sending, from time to time, valu- 
able collections of books for the library. 

On learning of the death of Hollis, the Corporation, at a meeting held April 
21, 1781, passed the following vote (see Hollis Book, p. 28) : 

^'Having lately received y« tidinga of y* death of our worthy and generous 
benefactor, Thomas Hollia, Esq., of London, who departed ih^& life y* 21"* of 



Genenlogicttl Gleanings in England. 


January last*— Voted y* a copy of y* Bermou preached in y* College Hall on y» 
sorrowful occasion by y« Rev'*'* Doctor Wiggleaworth (his Diviuity Professor) 
be desired in order to Its l>eing printed." 

The cliiuse In the will reserving to h\s successors the swiine right of approving 
the nomiDation of scholars and professora on hia foutidatioii, which he had 
reserved for himself, created some dlfflctilty. The Corporation called the atten- 
tion of his nephew and executor to the clause in the origioal orders wliich in 
the case of the scholars and the divinity professor limited tlie right of appoint- 
merit to the founder himself, and iu the case of the matbemfttics profcsnor con- 
tinued it only for his immediate successor. HoUis averted any posgible 
friction by generously waiving all claims to exercise such rights (Mollis Book, 
pp. ta-26).— EVARTS B. Greeni:.] 

Thomas Hollis, citizen and draper of London 8 February 1732, proved 
17 June 1735. To be buried near the body of late dear wife. To honored 
father Nathaniel Mollis five huodred pounds. Reference to TrusU " I have 
for him from niy grandfather" and to will of late honored uncle Thomas 
Ilollia. Bequests to the Rev** Jeremiah Hunt, couaina Elizabeth Creswick 
and William Creswick of St Albans, to the eldest child of cousin Sarah 
Taylor late of Sheffield deceased, to M*^ John Browne of Sheffield^ to cousin 
John Ilammersley of Deptford, to cousin Margaret Hal] of Staffordshire, to 
cousin Sarah Harrison of Noitinghaai, to Mr, Charles Osborne of Woolver- 
hampton, to John Barneslej of Birmingham, Thomas Holford of Birming- 
ham and Thomas Trulock, to cousin Timothy Hollis, cousin DAiiiel Parker 
of Enfield, Middlesex, and cousin Hannah Malin, to the congregation at 
Pinners Hall whereof the Rev**. Mr. Jeremiah Hunt is pastor, to John, 
Thomas and Ann Williams children of cousin Elizabeth Williams, to Eliza- 
betii Hollis daughter of late cousin Thomas Thomas Hollis of St. Albans, 
to poor workmen or their widows of Birmingham, and of Wool ver ham ptoa 
and Bilson, to the French Church in Threadneedle Street and the Dutch 
church in Austin Friars, to Mr, John IloUister the lease of the house 
wherein 1 now dwell in Mansell Street in Goodmans fields during the re- 
mainder of the term. All the real estate and the residue of the personal 
estate to son Thomas when he should attain the age of twenty-one years ; 
bat if he should die before attaining the said age then to cousin laaac Hollia 
far and during his natural life, next to his heirs male, next to cousin 
Timothy Hollis and to his heirs forever, Mr, Jobn Hollister, of Charter- 
bouse Street, and my friend Thomas Trulock to be executors. 

** And I do hereby nomiuate and appoint the satd John HolHster to be 
my successor in the Trusts mentioned in the Will of Mr. Robert Thorner, 
\u which I was appointed to wucceed in the Room and Stead of my said hite 
uncle Thomas HoUis deceased, and do desire the other Trustees who shall be 
living at my decease with all convenient expedition to Invest Instate Convey 
and Transfer the legal estate and Interest iu the Lauds aud Tenements 
devised in Trust by the Will of the said Robert Thorner to the said John 
Hollister joyntly with themselves upon the TnisUs in the said Will in such 
matuier as Council shall direct, That so the said John Hollister may be 
capable and fully impowered to act in and perform the said Trusts in con- 
junction with the other Tnastees according to the Directious of the said 
Will." Wit: W". Limbery, W". Wright, James Spence. Ducie, 124. 

[Thomas Hollis 2nd in a letter of February 3rd, 1731-2, enclosed two bills for 
£feo each, the Income of whicii waa to be applied in adding £20 each to the 
salary of each of the Hollis professors. At the same time he enclosed a letter 

• Tills I prMttme gives os the precise date of death of Thomas Hollis, namelyi January 
23, 1730-1. 1 have not found it correctly given eliewhere.^EoiToa. 

60 Oeaealogieal Oleaninff$ in Englamd. [Jan. 

from his father, Nathiidd HoIUs, annoimciiig a gift of £850 for the snppoxt of 
two students, preferably Indiana (Hollis Book, pp. 26, 27). In 1782, he pre- 
sented the college with sereral philosophical instruments, including a ** new- 
inyented machine called an orrerj, showing y* daily and dinmal motion of y« 
sun, earth and moon.** (Hollis Book, p. 29.)— Evabts B. Gbsbkb.] 

John Hollis of St Mary MatfeUon o/iot White Chapel, Middlesex, and 
citizen and draper of London 21 March 1733, with codicil dated 12 Decem- 
ber 1735, proved 13 January 1735, Messuages, lands Aec. in Boreham and 
Hatfield Peyerell, Essex, and all my part, share and dividend of the mes- 
suages, lands, &c in the parish of St Mary Magdalen, Bermondsey, Surry, 
late of my fiither in law Edward Sandford deceased, after the death of my 
mother in law, to wife Hannah Hollis for and during the term of her natural 
life, next to son Isaac Hollis and the heirs of his body lawfully begotten, 
next to son Timothy Hollis and the heirs of his body lawfully batten, next 
to my grandson Hollis Edwards forever. Messuage in Old Street, St 
Giles without Cripplegate, now in the possession of my cousin Cover (ne) 
widow, to son Isaac, upon condition that he permits and suffers my said cousin 
Cover to dwell in said messuage rent free during the term of her natural life. 
To said son Isaac niy freehold messuage in Pettycoat Lane, St liuttolph 
without Aldgate. Other bequests ; among them to the five sons of daughter 
Ann Solly, to the children of daughter Hannah Edwards, to the children of 
daughter Elizabeth Asburst, to cousin Hannah Hutton, wife of James Hut- 
ton senior, to cousin Ann Loyd, the sawyer's wife, to cousin Elizabeth 
Williams, widow, to cousin Robert Ruslin, etc. 

Son Timothy Hollis to be successor in the Trusts mentioned in the Will of 
Mr. Robert Thorner, in which I was appointed to succeed in the room and 
stead of Bennet Swaine deceased. To the French Church in Tbreadneedle 
Street, the parishes of White Chapel, Trinity Minories, Shefiield, Birming- 
ham, Woolverhampton and Wallsall, to the Scotch Society at Edinburgh for 
Propagation of Christian Knowledge. Wife Hannah to be executrix. 

Derby, 9. 

[At a meeting of the Corporation held Oct 21, 1724, ** Professor Wiggles- 
worth laid before them a letter from the worthy Mr. Thomas Hollis, merchant 
of London, informing them of a very valuable gift of books from his brother, 
Mr. John Hollis, merchant of London.** Coll. Book IV. and V. p. 99. 

Two of the sons of John Hollis, Isaac and Timothy were also benefactors. 
On p. 81 of College Book, •♦ Hollis Letters," is a letter from Isaac Hollis, 
apparently to some one of the college authorities, referring to a sum of £500 
Avhich he had sent over for the education of Indian boys, and expressing his 
intention of sending an additional amount. The letter is dated 1746-7. 

Timothy's name appears in the Donation Book for a subscription of £20 to 
the College. He succeeded his father as trustee of the Thorner will, and it was 
by him tliat the final payments were made. The records of the Corporation 
(Coll. Book VII. p. 82) state that in Feb. 1732, Timothy was appointed an 
agent for the College in London. — Eyabts B. Gbeexe.] 

Nathaniel Hollis of Peckham, Surrey, gen*. 10 July 1785, proved 3 
February 1738. My body to be buried in the burying ground in Buuhill 
Fields and no more than forty pounds laid out about my funeral. To my 
grandson Thomas Hollis and his heirs forever all my freehold estate in 
Guilford, Surry, now or late in the occupation of ... . Luff and Anne 
Staudlsh. To my wife Frances Hollis my leasehold estate in Deptford, 
Kent, for life, then to said grandson Thomas Hollis. Reference to a Trust 
in hands of John Reynolds and William Ladds and another iu hands of 
Josiah Maker* of London. To my brother John Hollis and his wife ten 

• Qa. } This perhaps should be Josiah Maber.— h. p. w. 

^ Genealogical Oleanings in England* W 

poQods apiece for moaruiug. To my kinsman John Ilameraly of Deptford» 
shipwright ten pounds. To my kinsman William Creswick of St. Albans, 
cutler, my cousin Elizuheth Creswick, my kinsman John Edmunds, my 
nephews Isaac HoUis and Timothy Hollis, and others. Henchman, 33, 

Frances Hollis of Peckbam, Surry, widow, 8 February 1738, proved 
9 May 1739. To my sister (oot named) twenty shillings. All the rest to 
my grandson Thomas Hollis. Mr. Josiah Maber io be sole executor. 

Henchman, 104* 

Hannah Hollts of St. Mary Matfellon cdiat White Chapel, Middlesex, 
widow, 12 October 1738, with a codicil dated 8 March 173&» proved 19 
May 1740. To my daughter Mary Wiuiiock, widow, five hundred pounds. 
To such child or children of my son Isaac Hollis as shall be living at my 
decease One hundred pounds apiece. To the children of my daughter 
Hannah Edwards living at my decease one hundred pounds apiece. To 
such of the live sons of my daughter Ano Solly as shall be bving at my 
decease one hundred pounds apiece. To the daughter of my daughter 
Elizabeth A^hurst one hundred pounds. To my cousin Hannah Hiitton one 
hundred pounds. To my cousin Robert Rusltu one hundred pounds and 
cue hundred pounds in trust for the separate u^ and benefiL of \\\.& sister 
Susanna Row and her children, without the intermeddling of her husband. 
To Mrs Grantham* another sister of Robert Ruslin, one hundred pounds. 
To another sister of his named Cover fifty pounds. To my brother 
Nathaniel Hollis and his wife ten pounds apiece for mourning. To my 
cousin William Ladds and bis wife ten pounds apiece for mourning. To 
tny cousin John Heynolds and hia wife, to my brother Samuel Saudford, to 
my sister Mary Leader^ my sister Ruth Cullyer, my cousin . . . Turner 
and his wife, my cousin Benjamin Woodhouse, to the Rev^ Mr. Needham 
of HItchin, Mr. Gill, Mr. Samuel Wilson, Mr. Samuel Price, Mr. Denham 
and Mr. Jolley, ministers, ten pounds apiece. The residue of my estate I 

five and bequeath unto and among my children, Isaac Hollis, Timothy 
lolHs, Mary Winnock, Hannah Edwards, Anne Solly and Elizabeth 
Ashurst. My sons Isaac and Timothy to be executors. Browne, 144. 

[Will of T' '- HoUis 3d, clause relating to Harvard College taken from 
HanrardCcr r^, 2:81. 

•• I give t' jj<e instituted for promoting Learning at Cambridge in New 

Englaud. Fiv«» Uimdred pounds to be laid out In books for the use and benellt of 
thar rnUi-::,. " (cited in a letter from Thomas Brand Hollis to John Hancock 
^!^ of the death of HoUis. Dateil PaU Mall, May 28lh, 1774.) 

ilolUs lid was, vrith the exception of the first Thomas HoUls. the 
tnoM uni rnk benefactor of the family. His gifts are well summed up in the 
following passage taken from tbe College Donation Book, p. 7&. 

" This gentleman began to honor the College with his notice a short lime be- 
fore the destmction of Harvard Hall. As soon as he wad made acquainted with 
this event, be subscribed £200 sterling to the apparatus and the aauie sum to 
the library. ... He hath at ditTereut times enriched the Library with a very 
large number of cnrious, valuable and costly books. The whole amount of his 
benef actions amounts, it Is supposed, to more than fourteen hundred pounds 

A7j/«.— Hollis Hall was named Januarj* I9tb, 1764, with elaborate ceremonies, 
by Francis Barnard, then Governor of Massacliu setts (Coll. Book, Vtll. p. 112). 

Specially useful sources of information relating to the Hollis fainiiy and their 
f^fiAt arc the Hollis Book (No. VI. of the College series) ; the Hollis letters 
bound in volumes entitled '* Hollis Letters " and * HolUs Letters to Leverelt "; 
the Donation Book ; the '• Memoirs of Thomas Hollis '• (in three foUo volumes). 
Qulncy s History of Harvard College gives mucli interesting matter on this sub- 
Jtet gftthcred from the College Papers.— £yjlbts B. Grsenv.] 

.«• ■: '-^ jr^jks'^mLiL -.1 ' V. i ■ m- ir .j . Ji ae I:. j£ 5«irTfxamsciiL. 4 F*<y 
-*.'. * ^.-v. /'ir^ r»-tnrT ^.-.timis ji x- :?*; *-:t: 217 :«=* j:«»a. To 
'■■*■' — - •• .•".«' .J v. -.-..t iiSiti. iLiTy 5i:f*rr: i-i: .£ i-l xj T»:»-ec %a ^Zkj sJlaII 

.1^ .'.'■■. -. -.. -i- .: •i'T ;•=!!. ll---r= £"^»r. lir^'ri irrrlTr^ '»2'rrTi--r r*"3 

-.-•>■.-•...-. ■/, -^ -,f -.r.^ 7*a.' :-l-: iz.ti — •= .c-ier frr; jrx:^ .i-L iz'i :"5ro 
■'■ v '«■ ■■ '• ■'"» I >^l.' ■-. "-•? ie.-T-irrfi -: lic tAz;** "jt- r^ ai '.j.»? iia*:r»rC':c 
-/ •. =■/ r .;-..-*. T-. fc>:=:-.-ti#T ST «.:c f-r^ Jix«.c«rj. T: iT^rr :ce 
'/ ■■ / . .■.►>.-* ■ '.:...:--:£. lir** 4iLlll-i5 :. ir r«=Ji»«. T: *T-jrT ;£i«* cf 2Xt 
yv;. . ..--- i' •■.-7 X... irtrA.-.-: :: :x-=-ta r^iuNr. X: -t^-trj ;[:e :f et «r- 
fA.'A ■ ...: -■..»., r.Ac,>i:r. v. .>r .z. XJ -^rri.:** ^ =.T ir^cam:^ :c-e itkr^er"* 
*^!i. !• '. -'■ *.-.'■: i.v. "**.".•*:-- ".C'tci::: xi«:-ia- I xl.. ih^: Azz-e zij wife 

- .-» .-.4 - 4.^; t-./'^j 4.. 21 J l^ iL'i :c-'7=:'=r.i* iz.*l a- ::her zij pc«se?- 

- ', ' r -:. \.. :. .--,!=.> a.-.. J'>L:iiss x*r»»o:- ;*rl-. ii^lz^. wiALK?tTer iher 
'/^. .; - J \'f: >: '.^ »:•>.>. v.* iiwz.* iz.-i £-el«i? ;: Gr::-ar:ri sz-i Lasr^ace 
M 4 ••'.-. '. ..•..-. ;,^ r.«:r r.A.'.iral l^f-%. ar.d :ha; ah- sb-Ll Live jciecvv nr '.ea?e 
',f .'.',/ *H'r:. :.-. Ory.vir.h which I -io =.-:w h-jli ■:■: :h* Ki^h: Ho::orab:e 
;;.; .- .' V/,:'j<r,r r.j .U'\KZ.:iT«i. rlirlLj her LArar^l ^iie. ?4ijiil^ :he aa-aal 
r'T." •'.'.•* for. M7 •'•/r* William uid Ao£.e mj w::V: jlull hive mv lArm in 
^ .-i"..''.- .. ;.'. •r.«; Co. of Warwick, which I h:"! by ir^irz::;."* of Sir 
7 :.','.'.:»- I'-.v-. it;..:f!'.t. 'ifirir.^ rtj jear? there::.. :o :-r e-.u^ily ..::v:.ici.l iiid 
«':.'■:•': ■.«;-A;:f. •hrr.'^. Af",*:r XTiV riec^aK: CT i'yj. Wiliiau: *ajLl pAv yearlv 
'. J* of r;.v ii .'J- ,.i S •. M •■]-.:*<? ry to Alt.-; my wife funy *h;l!;: c^. '.iii: :* :o «ay 
<:■••,-/ K-i.f J. «:ir rA»:r-'y i:ii..-r.^s Ky evea j->r::Mr:*. I ijive a:.-: l^j'-riih to 
rr.y 'I , iji.^KT Afir;, .M'/i.*! four marki of g'j«>i an-i nioLey. :•:• Iv }-;iid 
to h' r *:,»:ry ;.«::tr a n.ark dtiring four year*. 0:h.rr i^y.ie5:« yjl h;u*choM 
jfovi-j 'o -or, ( ff^rK*:. '\\i*t re>ii<lu»; to Anije my wife aud mv sou William 
I'uti/yt-.T. vJiorfi 1 fJo orrJain and make mine execuiors. 

lu.ui. \ ordaiii and make Lawrence AVaisbinjton my son iu law to be 
th': it»ip«:rvJ-.or of thii rny )aht will and testament and he to have for his 
UJ/'>f ;ii.»l paini fo U; taken therein forty shillings. In witness hereof I 
tli#; K;iid I^/h<:rt l'ar;(it#:r Uj thiA my last will have subscribed my name in 
thir \,jt"^i-uti; i,i Lawren':e AVasshingt^^D, John Tymes. Kicharde Duglys, 
John \\iX)it,\u*: aiid iCu:harde Kenche w*^ other. Welles, 20.' 

"IJn- |»«/lii'r<" of VnT\*\U:T of Grcatworth in the Heralds' Visitation of 
S'.jfhM/iij.i'.iiHlijri:, ir,«;4, mIiowh that this Kobert Partriter was son of Richard 
I'm/ihr i»v Anni!, rJnii. /»f Kldiard Coles of Preston in the same County. His 
own v,\U' Artiii: wiif* fi rJniiKht4:r of John Knitfht of Carlton. The will of his son 
Williiirii < \.\t. \:m\) hiiH already been ^iven in my notes on the Ancestry of 
Wii»iliiiii/f^#n. Thi- will of hlH father I found at Northampton, amou^ the wills 
\trn\vt\ iImti! iTfjo JWO. My Dotctt of It arc very meagre, chiefly owing to the 
Hwl nU\U'. It WON In. J 

Kir. y«yl'of (irytworth 7 Nov.—, proved . The children of 

lUAmti J'ynkurd. My daughter Jone Pynkerd. Edmund Pargyter the 

Non of , My wife Auuos. My sous Edmund and Robert Pargyter. 

Willfl of the Archd. of Northampton. 


Genealogical Gleanings in England, 


[The following Items bave recently been given me by a friend who had an 
opportunily to take a look into the Churchww^ena' accounts of the Paribh of 

Lawrence Washington rated in the year 1 665 for £ I 
" " *' »' 1666 '* £ 2 

[This new information tallies admirably with our recently formed hypothesis 
that Lawreuce Washln^on of Luton and Virginia did not remove from hia old 
home uutU 1667 or a little before that year.] 

An £Jegie upon the death of Mr, Tho : Washington the Princes page who dyed 

in Spay ne J 623. 


Hast then b«ene lost a monelh ? and can I 

Conipo!«'d of anything but Elegie ? 

Or baili i [J].* i Conntry tauglit my Boule ta 

Noe frcifc, where hearts arc made of Span- 

|!»h Steele ? 
Or «n I byred not to magnlfie 
Ought that my Coantrey brced«t ? eli how 

ooald I 

Bee iUent of thy J J^Jj^^' { who ][«e to see 

Now nothing hut thy goodDes leil or thee. 
If I forgpt thee thas, lei my scorn'd herse 
Want A true mourner and my toinljea verse. 
May I unpittied fall, tinwiethc iignine. 
And (iu same uppc all curse) fail sicke in 

A Carte w** had'st thou Bcap't, noe aire had 

Bo cruel to hane itracke thee at eighteene. 
Bac 05 «r;mc purer ayrei, they say, endure 
Vo^ • hreatb, but either kill or care 

Wl fs itt so flgiihie 'li* true 

TriU ,, .. I . -OT) tbii it povBonBTOU. 
Tou tniiM hreath tiilshood hecrennd irechery, 
For audi^^uised fav re fllmpllcity 

Agreet not w* i |J^ i soy Ic, noe more then 


{w* to thai baacnei could'sl 
nc/t bo we 
who could'Bt Qot to this 
baaeuea bow. 
infection when It cotild not freize 

Thy toole or manaers, J J^^*^* i into dis- 
Thy btKlr, to see If dlstemp'red blond 
Coold mtike (by troubled soale lesae ptire, 
lease good. 

B« 1^ mde Fcaw. roder J ^^^_ ( 

No Jcrait, noe Deuil conld make thee feele 
Diicemtjer in thy aoule, though Hell com- 

To strike at ODce thy body und thy mhide. 

^^ '*'^** ) diSed^ \ '^^^^^^^'^ *°^ ^^'^- 

est Mood 
Hane trnce, yet to disceme thehr 111 firom 

And tiate that Barharisme that dturtt in- 

-pw I dolonr by distomp'rlnge ) .. ^^ 
^^'t doloon with disturbing ] *^J "^ 

Now if there be acarso which thou hast not 
As are thy noono tides on thee, w J ^JJJ^ J 


Those Moores which are thy scandal I and 

our curse. 



Though (hy infectious ayt« j J*^^** J him 

Doe not inucnt so new q cruelty 

Not to glue leaue to what thou killst to dye. 

But J ^J^ > falresottle Is fled now farreahoue 

Tbc reach of all their malice j °^j { oar lone. 

Where J ^^^^ | shall J JjJ*^ | noe Spanlardi 
to nnolest 

Only Che Cue j '^^ J coucred J f^^, j rich 

His body, he bath left with ns behind. 
And that is challenged (vla Piitnxiius bones 
By two armicH) soe) two religions 
Lay clayme to thl« . so uuoe the Deull did 


For Moses dead J jli** | was not hti aline, 

And though blH soule could not be touch'! 
hy hhn 

3 Yet i ^^^^^ ***"* thank't the Angel for a 

Urn he. 
But this hath found a graue, though still I 

Greltie that jnch ehofcc unvaluablc dust 
Should dwell «> long, m ill iinprison'd, there 
Till he he wakVl with sumrauns to appcare 
When that last J j'JIj^;^^^"?^ | shall call at hit 

How white shall he appeare amongst those 


Thosesuined sunburnt aoffllcs, of J '*^^'^'''* I 

same dye 
And tiuL^ture of the place where they shall 

Yet heere we leauo the treasure which they 

Whii'sl we hane nothing left as hut to woepa 

1 frinid i ^^1 ^,^ Tkr refiqan WaAiHfta« ■■▼ MBfagaioe 

^4 GemealcffiaMi GUamirngM in Emgimmd. [Jan. 

The >»•« vbcf«of tke 


Kco-v*4 t^4Ch dieir Indka cunoc rceoo- ^P*.^ 

[.ence. Wko had fDnvane k: baiifCRl 

O TOO who bcacefonh ihall detire to mttht nceaaeaPiIgnBtt>««cpcoYetfaj 

Hope iMfC y<wr lOBpcnaiee or joor jxriA b«..^ 

an cure "» *»«*»■■ 

Or rnArd jonr iroodocs fr6 a Calentore. KBOw'giK.. ^ ,. ^._ 

T'wu hiJ diKa«, the parwt Md the bM» Kncw*« J ™* '^~* "**"••* •* 

In ma/Je a Mcrilke for all the reft. , Reader tboa woold'K vccpinir 

Ber4rDe toot iiiiioemce before joa pot The ruh fiues err*d beere as appi 

Froni roar ovn CooDtreT. leane behhul joor i OimatiEir his Tcrtoes for hb rearea. 

h^n Hi« goodnet made them oaeneeue 

If it ^l< En^h, bring Boe rertaca hither W^ thew'd him threcacoce at eigtmme. 

Bo: patience, heere other Tertae* wither. f,„„;^ .^ vj. .k...^ ^ ^;«. 

And TOO shall find it trawcn «t the thure ■ log""* "?i"*!?" ^'F^ ^ 

For ^f man to hrin,? »eh traffick oVa. ^if-^ ^ cS^^'lf^S. 

.^^.1 henceforth counted a ; Where the wont Caieotoarw he fcalai 

I^^»« J counted a. henceforth for I "^ \ A«Je«iit.a«id {^[^[Sk. | 

To iTsparne anywhere bat ta a Mapp. i Where he Unot allowed to haaa 

Let ihipwiack't men Uke rocket aooyd _ UnicMe 1 JJ SS " { ' *>"*^ «'*«^ 

Jlhe* ("***• 
And rather cboie to perish then come oYe 
To lane themselaec opoo this ooet, the 

Of fraad and miKheiA and of good the 

Yet now tt boldf a gnest which eoery age 

WUI innite sCraagen | ^°|[* | pilgrimage. 

He needs noe J J^^ | epitaph or stona 
Bat thift— heere lies uwed Washington 
Wrttesthis j ^^^ | leares in that loose don 
And eaerr grdned beholder most 
When he weighs him and knowea his 

Benew the Iccten with his tcares. 

TTbe foregolDg versefl I found in two separate mannscrlpts in the British 
Museum, >iz. Add. MSS. 12496 and 15227. The former was purchased at the 
8trawl>erry Hill sale, 30 Apr. 1842 (Lot 84). It has the bookplate of Mr. 
Horatio Walpole and contains an inscription showing that it was bought at 
the -ale of Sir J. Caesar's MSS. Dec. 1757 (Lot 64) for 1. 8. 6. It was evidently 
a collection of MSS. (with a few printed proclamations. Ac.) made by Sir Julius 
CffiHar, kn*.. Master of the Rolls. At least many of the documents had cer- 
tainly belonged to him. The last half dozen seem to refer entirely to Virginia. 
One ? f . 433) appears to be a form of policy for settling and gOTerning Virginia 
and is entitled •♦ Mr. Capt. Bargraves project touching Va. 8 Dec. 1623." An- 
other (f. 436) by Jo. Martin, is styled The manner how to make a Royal Planta- 
tion. Another *(f. 439) by the same, The manner how to hring the Indians in 
Subjection. A letter (f. 449) from John Martin to Sir Julius Ciesar. written 
8 March 1G2G, at Martin Brandon, refers to the arrival of cousin Richard Mai^ 
tin, and names Capt. Prinne. It is signed •♦ Your Honnors ever faithfull brother 
in law at Command— Jno. Martin." Another (f . 452) is the King's Com. for 
settling a Government in Virginia, 15 July, 1624. The Verses upon Thomas 
Wanhington begin fo. 364 and are endorsed "Epitaphiall Verses uppon the 
death of young Mr. Washington Prince Charles his page in Spaine in anno 1623.** 

The second MS. (Add. 16227) is a little duodecimo volume of miscellaneous 
poems and metrical translations in manuscript, many of them epitaphs, some 
humorous. The two copies differed somewhat. I have given the two readings 
whc;re these differences seemed worth noting. The upper reading is from MS. 
12496, and the lower from MS. 16227. 

The connection between Sir Julius Cesar and his ' ' Bro. Martin *' as he calls him, 
is explained by the marriage, 26 Feb. 1581 (2) of Julias Cfesar, doctor of laws 
and one of the advocates of the Arches, and Dorcas Lusher, widow. Gen. 
license granted 28 Feb. 1581-2 (Diocese of London). She was a daughter of 
Sir Richard Martin, kn*., Lord Mayor of London, and widow of Richard Lusher, 
gen*. She died Monday, 16 June 1695, and was buried in the Temple Church. 
ThU I leftrn from my friend B. Q. Bice, £sq.-<iHxNBT F. Watbbs.] 


Genealogical Gleanings in England, 




Elisabeth Sandts of Wickamford in the Co. of Worceater widow. 21 
December 1698, with codicil bearing date 24 December 1698, proved 20 
February 1698, I Domiuate and appoint my coiisiu John Sandys, now or 
late of Loveline, executor and give him all my mesBUMges, laiids,^ tenement^) 
etc, at Bayton or elsewhere in the Co. of Worct^ster purcliuaed of Mr, 
Swift or his trufltees in the name of my late daughter Penelope Washing- 
ton, but in trust to sell and di.spase thereof to the he««t value and to raise 
money for a portion for oiy granddaughter Elizabeth Jarlett, now with me, 
mid to educate her in such manner as to my said executor shall seem meet 
and convenient and at her age of one and twenty years or marriage, to pay 
to her her said portion. And I appoint him guardian deairiiig him to 
breed her iip in the Protestant Religion. And if he depart this life before 
ber eaid »ge or marriage then I appoint Mr. FranciB Bromley trustee and 
guardian to her. I give to my executor fifty pounds as a legacy. To my 
daughter Tunatall ten pounds. To my daughter Jarlatt ten fM>und8. To 
my granddaughter Katherine Forsier two hundred and fifty pounds^ bestdea 
the two hundred and fifty poutids her aunt Washington gave her if she 
ihould please me. To Mr. F'rancis Bromley my great silver cup and cover. 
To my faithful and kind seivant Mrs, Mary Hall one hundred pounds (and 
Other personal projierty). Twenty pounds for a communion carpet and 

it cloth for the Church of Wickamford. Remainder of personal 

to my said granddaughter JarlatU If she refuse to be educattjd or 

Mcome a Papist I give her only a fourth part of what I hereby before 
bare given or intended for her, &c 

In the coilicil is a bequest to *' my " son in law Capt. Sandys, of a sealed 
ring which my dear brother Packington constantly wore. To my daoghter 
in law Mrs. Sandys a large table diamond ring. To Mr. Martin Sandys, 
tbeir son, a gold watch and gold csise to it. To my god daughter Mrs, 

oral her grandmother, my Lady Sandys* picture set in gold. To my 
Mrs. Bradshaw her grandfather. Sir John Packiugtou's picture set in 

?dd. To Mrs. Tomkins ht^r grandmother's picture set in an enamel ring, 
o my god daughter Mrs Tomkins a pair of gold sleeve buttmia. To my 
granddaughter Mrs. Forster a pair of diamomi earrings and a fine gold 
watch that was her aunt's &c. To my granddaughter Mrs. Jollcitt all my 
plate which I have not disposed of. Pett, 32. 

[EUiaheth Sandys was first wife of Col. Henry Washington, the tniaty defen- 
der of the ever faithful city of Worcester, who was a nephew of thu Rev. 
Lawrence Washington, and a cousin of John and Lawrence. She afterwards 
became thewifeof Samoel Sandys Esq., of Ombersley, co. Worcester. — h. f. w.] 

Nicholas Speptcer of Cople, Bedfordshire, Esq" 10 January 1625» 
proved 17 February 1625. My body to be buried with mine ancestors in 
tbe parish church of Cople, To the poor of the parish ten pounds. 
Reference to indentures l>earing date 6"* of this iiistiiut .January and made 
between the said Nicholas Spencer of the one part and Sir Oliver Luke of 
Huwnes, Beds., kn*.. Sir Myles Fleetwood of London kn'.* Thomas Ellmea 
of Norton in the Co. of Northampton Escj" and William Ellmes Esq" eon 
and heir apparent of the said Thomas Ellmes, of the other part. Certain 
m&nor» demised to them and they to pay unto Mary Spencer, my wife, two 
hundred [founds per annum, and to pay such debts as I do now owe. To 
my four daughters, AlicCr Mary, Chriitian and Rose Spencer, two thousand 
poand«, i.«. tive hundred pounds each. And after debts paid and the said 
two thousand poutids raised they are to assigu and set over to my youngest 



soa Robert such of the land.^ <&c«. a« are situate io Eaton SoeoQ, Moger- 
haoger and Bianhaai, and the residue of said mauors, lands and premises 
QDto Nicholas Spencer my eldest sod, upoo whom part of the said maQOii 
are already entailed, etc. To my brother Arnold Spencer fifteen pounds. 
To my brother Edward Spencer ten poands. To my sister MargHret 
Spencer ten pounds. To my sister Cicely Spencer twenty poands. To my 
sister liose Spencer twenty pounds. To my godson John Spencer, second 
son of my brother George, twenty shillings. To my niece Mary Gibbius, 
daughter of my sister Gibbins, fifty shillings. To my cousin John Cokaine 
of Cople twenty shillings. To my cousin Dorothy, hia daughter, my god- 
daughter, ten shillings. To my cousin John Cokaine of Hollowaie twenty 
shillings. To 31 r. Greenough forty shillings. To Mr. Thomas Watson 
of Cardington* clerk, ten shilliugs to buy him a b<x>k. (Other small be- 
quests.) To my mother Mrs, Spencer three pouudf*. To my said father 
in law Thomas Ellmes Esq" and my brother in law W^illiam Ellmes Esq'* 
(and others) twenty shillings apiece, 

lu a codicil he refers to his brother John, as John Spencer of Woodend 
in the parish of Cople, gen*., and to Elizabeth Wynne (evidently the wife 
of the said John). A legacy to John the son of the said John. 

Uele, 24 

Christian Elmes of Green's Norton, in the Co, of Northampton^ 
widow, late wife of Thomas Elmes of Green's Norton Esq" lately deceased, 
12 October 1632, proved 5 May 1635. Eldest son William' Elmes of 
Lileford, Northampton Esq". Second son Thomas Elmes of Warmingtou. 
Third son Anthony Elme* of Fawsely. My goods at Casswell Dairy house 
and my house at Norton. Grace Elmes the wife of Anthony and daughter 
of Sir Robert lieviil of Cbestertou, Hunts., kn*. of the Balh. The lands 
descending to my son Anthony cannot feed or depasture any more but 
2500 (sheep) at five score to the hundred, nor in my father Hickliiig*8 time 
nor in my late dear husband's time there were at any time more kept or 
could possibly be kept, &c. 

To my el<lest and well beloved daughter Mary Spencer of Cople, Bed- 
fordshire, widow^ one hundred pounds. My daughter the Lady Martha 
Dacres, the wife of Sir Thomas Dacres of Cheslhunt* ilerts,, kn*. My third 
daughter Elizabeth Hawford, wife of William Hawford of Wellam, Loic, 
Esq*^*. My fourth daughter Alice Fountaine, wife of Thomas Fountaine of 
Hampton, Northampton, Esq'*. My youngest daughter the Lady Frances 
iletiilrigge, wife of Sir Arthur Hesilrigge of Noaely, Leic, Bar*. 

Sadler, 53, 

Nicholas Spencer of Cople, Bedford, Esq., 10 April 19'** Charles, 
proved 13 March 1644. To eldest son William Spencer my mansion 
houses etc, in the Counties of Bedford and Huntington. To my other 
sons, Michael, Robert and Edward Spencer, five hundred pounds eacL To 
my daughter Mary Spencer eight hundred pounds, upon consideration 
nevertheless that if Mary my now wife shall survive me and be living one 
whole year next after my decease then my said daughter Mary shall have 
seven hundred pounds and no more ; and if my wife shall be living two 
whole years my daughter Mary shall have six hundred pounds and no 
more (and so on). And if ray wife shall be living seven whole years my 
said daughter shall have one hundred pounds and no more. I do nominate 
S' William Botler of Biduam, Beds., ku^, Walter Eoh of Clifton, Beds., 

Genealogical Oleaningt in England. 


Esq., Gaiu8 Squire of Eaton Socon* Beds., Esq., and Rob' Howgall of Wil- 
licgton, Beds., Clerk, execators of this my last will and tostameut, to each 
of whom I bequeath twenty shiUiDgB to bay him a mourniDg ring. To 
each of my brothers and sisters ten sbilliugs, to buy tbem rings, aod also to 
each of my brothers and sisters in law. My son William shall have his 
edncation at the Grammar School antil he is fit for the Universityf and 
then to remain there until he shall go to the Inns of Court, My son 
Nicholas to be likewise educated at the Grammar School until he be fit for 
the University and then there to remain. My other two sons Robert and 
Edward to be educated in a fitting way to be tradesmen and bound appren- 
tices. Rivers, 52. 

William Spencer of Cople, Beds., Esq., 18 Jannary 1 683, proved 2 June 
1686. I do confirm unto my dear mother^ the Lady Mary Armiger, late 
wife of my father Nicholaa Spencer Esq, all such joynture which was set- 
tled apon her for her life by my said father. Brothers in law Oliver Luke 
of Cople Woodend and John Luke of Cople Woodend, in the parish of 
Cople. Wife Elizabeth Spencer shall receive two hundred pounds yearly 
out of ray messuages, lands &c* for and during her life. After her death 
the said messuages to descend to my eldest son by her and his lawfully 
begotten heirs males, remainder to next soji &c. Failing such I give the 
reyersion and remainder unto my loving brother Nicholas Spencer Esq. now 
in the County {$ic) of Virginia for life and thea to his eldest sou William 
Spencer^ my lr>eloved nephew. Legacies to niece Judith Luke» to John 
Ventrie of Campton, Beds., and others. Household goods at Codbam Hall. 
Hy Essex lauda. Matrum Spencer, second sou of my said brother Nicholaa 

A codicil bearing date 19 March 1685. Lloyd» 88. 

Nicholas Spengeb of Nominy in Westmoreland Co. in Virginia 25 
April 1C88, proved 16 January 1699. To my son Willitim Spencer, now 
io England, all the laodsi houses and tenements unto me in England 
appertaining or belonging, either as I am now the only surviving son of my 
father Nicholas Spencer Esq*", deceased and also aa heir to my brother Wil- 
liam Spencer Esq', dec'd, or by the last will and testament of my said brother 
WLUiam Spencer, the lands &c lying in the town of Cople in Bedfordshire. 
I also give to him my lauds in Barford and in BIunh:im aud in St. Neets 
in Huntingdonshire and at Codham Hdl, Essex. To my wife, Mrs. 
Frances Spencer, during her natural life^ all my lands, houses and tene- 
ments in the Neck of land called Kingcopsco (Wc)> i.e. all the laodsi 
bought of Mr. Richard Wright and of Mr, James Hardige and the lands I 
bought of Richard Awburne, formerly William Newberrie's lands; then to 
my son Motrom Spencer and his heirs forever. To my son Nicholas all my 
lands lying at the head of Nominy, being the lands I bought of Mr. Foster 
and Mr. Hawkins and the lands I bought of Mr. Hanley, ba also the lands 
I took up, relapsed, from Tho. Dies. To my son John all the right and 
title I have or may have unto the laud lying near Pope's Creck» escheated 
in the name and to the use and benefit of my son John ; also all the knds I 
bought of Mr. William Horton and Capt. John Lord and the land I bought 
<rf Jacob Reny and the lands I bought of Mr. John Froadaham, the Survey 
of all the last aforesaid lauds lying near unto ColP W"* Feirce's lands and 
dwelling seat. 

'*I give and bequeath unto my sou Francis Spencer and hia heirs for ever 

TOL* XLV. 7* 


Genealogical OleaningB in England, 


that moletj of five thousand acres which upon a diriaioD shall UXl to mj 
lott, being a tract of laud lying and being in joint tenaocj between CapV 
Lawrence Washington and myself^ with coudition that uoe advantage of 
Survivorsbip ehall be taken of either aide." 

To mj dear and beloved wife all her jewels and wearing apparell. To 
mj BOD Motrom Spencer five hundred pounds sterling, to be paid him at 
his age of one &nd twenty by my son William out of the rents of my lands 
and houses In England. As to my personal estate in Virginia, be it plate^ 
household goods, cattle, horses and sheep, as also my English servants* 
jtfegro slaves, tobacco and grains of all sorts, as also my tobacco debts and 
money debts due to me in VirgLuia, my debts and legacies being iirst paid« 
I do will and bequeath unto my beloved wife, Mrs. Frances Spencer^ my 
son Nicholas Spencer, my son John Spencer and my son Francis Spencer 
to be equally divided between them, bnt to remain entirely together, and no 
division made thereof until all my debts and legacies be fully satisfied and 
paid with the present year's crop, &c* 

I nominate and appoint my son William Spencer executor of my last will 
and testament of all my estate in England, and my wife Mrs. Fraoces 
Spencer, my son Nicholas and my son John Spencer executors as to my 
estate in Virginia: and I nominate and appoint my singular good friends 
Coll. Isaac AUertou of Matchotick, Cap'. George Brent of Stafford Co. and 
Cap*. Lawrence Washington, Feoffees in trust &c. giving forty shillings 
to each of them, to buy mourning rings, and to Coll. Isaac Allerton my 
riding horse called Hector. 

Wit : George Luke, Thomas Hobson junior and Natha Webster. 

Letters issued 15 January 1699 to John Rust of Alt Hallows Lombard 
St., silkman, to administer the goods &c according to the tenor and eflTect af 
the above will. Noel, 14. 

MoTTEOM Spencer of Nomini in Westmoreland Co. in Virginia 24 
October 1691, proved 15 May 1703* To ray dearly l>eIoved wife Mrs. Jane 
Spencer all the right and title I have to five hundred pounds sterliug lefl 
me by my father's will payable out of the estate of my well beloved brotlier 
William Spencer of Cople in the Co, of Bedford Esq^, and also three hun- 
dred pounds sterling with the interest thereof now due and what shall 
become due unto me to the time of my decease, which said three hundred 
pounds I require my mother, Mrs. Frances Speocer, to pay unto my wife* 
If my said wife should depart this life before me then I will, give and 
bequeath unto my beloved brother William Spencer Esq' whatever I had 
willed, given or bequeathed unto my wife. I also give and bequeath a 
mourning ring of one pound price to my sister Mrs. Lettice Barnard, 
another of the same value to my brother William and another to my Aunt 
Anne Armiger. My wife Mrs. Jane Spencer to be executrix. 

Wit : Richard Ki tchiner, Lettice Barnard, Will r Saucige. 

Dectmo quinto die meusis Mail Anno Dfli milliiho aeptingentesimo tertio 
emanavit commissio Capitaneo WillifRo Spenoer ffratri et Legatario nomi- 
nato in Testamento Mottrom Spenoer nuper Vexillarii in Legione Domini 
Comitis EssexiBB in poa Sancii ^gidii in Cam pis in Comitatu Midd. defti 
hefitis &c. ad adstrand. bona jura et cred dci def juxta tenorem et efftCira 
Testamenti ipsius defgi (eo quod Jana Spencer Relicta el Execut in diet 
testament nominat oueri Execationis died Testamenti expresse renun- 
ciaverit) i&c. I^ggi ^35. 



Genealogical Gleanings in England. 


Christofer Washington of Soulgra?6 in the co, of Northampton* gentle- 
man, gave bond 7 Jnoe 1619, aa one of the creditors of William Mole» late 
of Mixberj, co. Oxoa,, gentleraaot deceased* to administer the goods and 
chftttelU &o of the deceased, with Edward Mole of Fulwell, in the parish 
of Mijcbery, gentleman, as hia fellow bondsman. Admon. Bonds, Oxon. 

[This I suppose was tlie son of Robert Wasliington of Sulgrave und brother 
of liftwrence Washington of Sulgrave anil Bria^on, Mixbery is next to West- 
bury, the home for a time of Sir Lawrence Washington, — ^h. f. w,] 

pn April, 1890» I peceiyed from Rev. R. M. Samaon, Head Master of Hawkahead 
Grammar School, Lancaster, England (which School was founded by Edwin 
Sandys, Archbishop of York tn Elizabeth's time), a copy of the record in the 
Archbiahop's Bible which is kept at the School hoatie, and I herewith enclose a 
copy from the lower part of the page (the uppf^r part bein^ a record of the 
births of the Archbishop's children), and yon will notice the frequency of the 
namea Wtisliinfiton, Spencer, Meuce, Anderson, etc.> as ffodpareuts of these 
SandtR children. Now as Rob* Sandys, the eldest son of Thomas Sandys, 4th 
son of the Archbishop, was married to Alice Washin'^too, sistiT of Sir William, 
Sir John and Lnwreuce Washington, I am inclined to think most of the children 
mentioned in the record were the children of this Robert Sandys (the name is 
variously spelt Sandys, Sandls, Sandes, Sands). The deep interest tlic Sandys 
family in England took in the settlement of America — botli Virg^iuia and New 
England, and also later on in Connecticut and New Jersey, coupled Avith the 
marrioj^es of the Sandes and Washington family — may make the record of 
aome use to you, particularly if read in connection with Mr. Waters's note In the 
RsotsnsR for October, 1889. 

The names marked ? Mr. Samson had much difflcalty in making out and may 
not be correct; they are Doheres, Wem, Paraster^whleh latter may lie Pargiter. 

James T. Sands of St. Louis, Mo.] 

Penelope Sandes was borne 
ye ^^ April 1629 belnge 
Thursday about 7 at night 

Thomaa Sandes was borne 
ye 14* of M* l«29 belnge 
Snnday about 5 in ye morning 

Richard Sandes was borne 
ye 29u> April 1631 belnge 
Friday about noone 

Francis Sandes was 
borne yc 20t»» of Aprile 
1636 being Friday about 
Eleven at night 

Elizabeth Sandes was borne 
y* 23 of July 1633 belnge 
Tuesday about & in the morning 

God Father Sir John Washington 
God Mothers Ye Lady Penelope Spencer 
Mrs Margaret Washington 

God Fathers Thomas Sandes Esquire 
Francis Meucc Esquire 
God Mother Y« Ladye Washington 

God Fathers Richard Spencer Esqntre 

Francis Meuce Esquire 
God Mother Mrs EUzabeth Spencer 

God Father Francis Meuce Esquire 
God MotheT^ Mrs Margaret Washington 
Mrs Elizabeth Washington deputy 
for the Ladye Washington 

God Father Arthur Samuel Esquire 
God Mothers Mrs Elizabeth Spencer 
Mrs Elizabeth Meuce 

Susannah Sandes was borne 
ye 14"» of August being Thursday 
about midnight (the date of 
year Is not ^ven) 

God Father Simon Adams Clarke 
God Mothers Mrs Margaret Washington 
Mrs Anne Doheres ? 
deputy for Mrs Snsan Wem f 

Robert Sandes was borne 
ye 24«^ of May 1636 belnge 
Wednesday about 6 at night 

God Fathers Rob* Spencer Esquire 

Rob« Paraster ? Esquire 
God Mother Mrs Margaret Anderson 

Genealogical Gleanings in England. 


Edwin Randes Maj ^ 
between 4 & 5 at nlgbt 
Gernelli borne 16S7 
My let* Sandes May ye 
7^ between 8 & 9 at night 

God Fathers John BuUns deputy for 
Sir Mjled SaudcB 

Richard Seymer Eaquire 
God Mother Mrs Elizabeth Meuce 

Roger Williams (Vol. 43, pp. 290-30S; 315-320; 427). 

[Readers of the letters of Roger WllUams printed in the Rei»i«tkr for July, 
1889t have dotibtless felt a cariosity to know the name of the lady whose band 
the future founder of Rhode Island sought in vain about 162J>. Havliiyr found 
what I thouj;ht to be a clew to the mystery, I sent a query to the editor of the 
London •* Notes and Queries." It appeared lu the issue of that periodical July 
5, ISW, as follows : 

**Whaixf.y.— A list of the manuscripts of George Alan Lowndes, Esq., of 
Barrin^ton HalU co. Essex, In the ' Seventh Report of the Historical Mann- 
acript^ C'ommlMslon/ Appendix, contains this entry : — 

»'*(Xo. 150) 1628, July 28 [22], Screaveton.— Rye. Whalley to Laiiy Joane 
Barrington, baronettess, at her house Hatfield in Essex. — On a report of the 
death of her husband, Sir Francis, he condoles with her. Asks that his daughter 
Hier niece) may still remain with her. Sends the third and last volume of Mr. 
jrarkins's works.' 

*' Can any reader of * N. & Q." tell which of Mr. Whalley's daughters this was? 
The pedigree of Whalley, in the ' Visitations of Nottingham/ 1569 and 1614, 
Harleian Society's rublications, vol. Iv. p. 118, shows tbat he had two dauyrhters, 
Elizabt^th and Jane, the former of whom married William Tiflln, of London, 
mercer. The famous Roger Williams, the founder of Rhode Island, then chap- 
lain to Lady Banington's son-in-law, Sir William Masham, of Otes, solicited 
of her, alwDut the year 1620, the hand of her niece; but the niece's name is not 
mentioned in the correspondence on the subject, which is printed in the A>w- 
England Utifiorkal and Gentalof/ical Uegisttr, vol. xUii. (1S8*J), pp. 315-20, from 
a copy furnislied by Mr. Lnwmles, the owner of the ori{»^inal letters. I have 
queried whether It was not the niece mentlonetl in Mr. Wballey's letter whose 
hand Williams aspired to. A brother of Miss Whalley, Major-General Edward 
Whalley^ one of the king's judges, came to New England and died here. Jane, 
the youngest daughter oif Richard Whalley, named in the pedigree, married Rev. 
William Ilooke, a graduate of Oxford University, who was vicar of Axmouth* 
In Devonshire, but as early as lfi39 came to New England. He preached a few 
years nt Taunton, io Plymouth colony, and from 1G44 to 1656 at New Haven, 
Conn. He tlien returned to England, and was private chaplain to Oliver Crom- 
well. Some letters of Mrs. Jane Hooke to friends in New England are printed 
In the ' Massachusetts Historical Collections,* vol. xxxviii. pp. 2C0-G8. If this 
was the niece of Lady Barrington whom Roger Williams T^Hshcnl to ninrry — and 
I think It not unlikely that it was — though oue clergyman failed to obtain her 
hand she became the wife of another." 

Soon after the article appeared, I received the following letter from Samuel 
Rawson Gardiner, Esq., LL.D. : 

*' South View, Wedmore Road, Bromley, Kent, July 8, 1890. 

"Dear Sir: 

It will hasten matters if I reply directly to jour enquiry headed * JFTro/- 
%'in * Notes and Queries.' The Barrington correspondence is now in 
the possession of the British Museum, and Wballey'e letters are in Eger- 
ton MSS. 2,644. 

'*The letter which you quote is of July 22» not July 28, and is at folio 
275. It aflords uo indication of the name of the daughter, but from another 
letter I gather that it was Jaue. In a letter dated Not. 15, 1 623 (folio 
204), Whalley writes to Lady Joan: 

" ' And for mj daughter Jane for whom I ought ye at Bartholomew tide 



1891.] T^ie Duke of Hamilton's Power of Attorney, 


" From a letter of July 4, 1622 (folio 202), I gather that Elizabeth was 
already marriotl. Whalley says he has been arrested by Tyffyu. * who was 
a dogge to my daughter and hath performed neither to her or her daughter 
wbatt be was bouud unto.* Believe nae, yours sincerely, 

Samuel R, Gardinee. 

John Ward Dean, Esq., Boston, Mass,, If. S. A.** 

It is reasonable to suppose that Lady Barrington's niece, who»e hand Williams 
aoQght, wa« in some Tvay under the care of that lady. We fiml that ^lane 
Wballey, in all probability* resided In her family about the time that Williams 
made his proposal ; and we know of no other niece of hers who did. From the 
facts stated, there i« little retison to doubt that Jane Whallej was the lady 
In question. She and her husband, the Rev. William Hooke, cnme to Ntnv Eng- 
land, and for some years lived at Taunton, not many miles from Providence, 
the home, if my theory be correct, of her former lover. 

The mother of Jane Whalley was Frances CromwelK a sister of Lady Bar- 
rUigton; of Elizabeth, raotlier of John Hampden 5 and of Robert CromwiiU, the 
father of Oliver Cromwell, l*rotector of England.— Editor. ] 


Contrihated by Albert A. Folboii, Esq., of Boiton, Mass. 

The following is copied from an ancient document now the pro- 
perty of Mr, Oecar Laighton, of "The Slioab." It id written upon 
a sheet of parchment 28 in.X18 in. On the left border are 3 
stamps of VI. d. each, beitutifullj embossed on blue paper. On 
the back is inscribed, "Sealed and delivered the same being dulj 
etampt in the presence of A. Hamilton. 

Stamp, G. R. John Iles." 

The penmanship ie in a full round hand, clear and di«tinct. The 
whole document is in an excellent state of preservation. 

GShctfaB, the late King James the First by hia Letters Patents dated 
the Third Day of November One Thousand Six Hundred and Twenty 
incorporated the Several Persona therein named by the Name of the Coun- 
oel of Plymouth in the County of Devon for the Planting Ruling Ordering 
and Governing New England in America and Granted to them their 
Successore and Assigns for Ever that Part of America lying and beiog in 
Brea^lth from fForty Degrees of Northerly Latitude from tlie Equinoctial 
Line to tfbrty Eight Degrees of the Said Northerly Latitude inclusively 
and in Length of and within all the llreadth aforesaid throughout the main 
Laud from Sea to Sea together ako with all the firm Laud SoiU Grounds 
Havens Porta Rivers Waters Fishiugs Mines and Minerals as well Royal 
Mine* of Gold and Silver as other Mines and Minerals Pretiims Stones 
Quarries and all and Singular other Commodities Jurisdictions Royaltys 
Priviledges Franchises and Preheminences both within the said tract of 
Laud upon the Main and also within the said Island and Seas adjoyning To 
hold all and Singular the said Premisses with all and Singular their Appur- 
tenances unto the said Councel and their Successors and Assigns for Ever 
to the Sole only and Proper Use benefit and behoofe of them the said 
Councel and their Successors and Assigns for Ever to be holden of hia 
Majesty his Heirs and Successors as of his Manor of East Greenwich in 

72 The Duke of Hamilton*8 Power of Attorney, 


the County of Kent in Fee of Common Soooage and not in Capite or by 
Kuiglits Serrioe Yielding and Paying to his Majesty his Heirs and Suc- 
oesaorfl the ffifth Part of the Oar of Gold and Silver which from time to 
time should happen to be fouud and gotten in or within any the said Lands 
Limitts Territorys and Precinct* or in or within any Part or Parcel) thereof 
for or in respect of all and all manner of Dutys Demands and Servicea what- 
soever to be done made or Paid to bis Majesty his Heirs and Successors^ And 
QI^^CTrajS by Indenture made the Twenty Second Day of April in ihe 
Tear One Thousand Six Hundred and Thirty Five made or menconed to 
be made Between the said Council of Plymouth by the Name of the Council 
Established at Plymouth in the County of Devon for the Planting Ruling 
Ordering and Governing of New England in Amerioa of One Part and the 
Right Honourable James Marquiss of Hamilton of the other Part Reciting 
the said Letters Patents to the said Councel of Plymouth It was by the 
said last Indenture Witnessed That the said Councel for a Competent Sum 
of Money and for divers other good Causes and Considerations then the 
said Council thereunto especially moving Have Granted Bargained Sold 
Enfeoffed and Confirmed to the said James Marquiss of Hamilton bis Heirs 
and Assigns All that Part Purport and Portion of the main Land of New 
England aforesaid Scltuate lying and being at the Middle Part of the 
Mouib or Entrance of the River Conoecticutt in New England and from 
thence to Proceed along the Sea Coast to the Narragansetts River or Har- 
bour there to be Accounted about Sixty Miles and so up the Western Arm 
of that River to the Head thereof and unto the Land Northwestwards 'till 
Sixty Miles l>e finished and so to cross oy^t Land Southwestwards to meet 
with tbe end of Sixty Miles to be accounted from the Mouth of Connecti- 
cutt up Northwest And also all Islands and Isletts as well Etdayed as 
within llive Leagues distance from the Premisses and Abutting upon the 
same or any Part or Parcell thereof to be called by the name of the County 
of New Cambridge And it was by the said Indenture further Witnessed 
That the said Councel for the Considerations aforesaid Have Granted 
Bargained Sold Enfeoffed and Confirmed unto the said James Marquiss of 
Hamilton his Heirs and Assigns All that other Parcell or Portion of Lands 
Woods and Wood Grounds lying on the East Side of the River Sagadobock 
in the Easterly Part of New England aforesaid containing and to contain 
there Ten Thousand Acres and to be had and taken together as conveniently 
as the same may be towards the Head of the Said River next unto the 
Lands of Edward Lord Gorges there together with all the firm Lands 
Soils Grounds Havens Ports Rivers Waters fitshings* Mines and Minerals 
as well Royal Mines of Gold and Silver as other Mines and Mineralls Pre- 
tious Stones Quarries ami all and Singular other Commoditys Jurisdictions 
Royalties Priviledges Franchises and Preheminencea both within the said 
Tracts of Land upon the Main and also within the Islands and Seas adjoyn- 
log Saving Excepting and Reserving out of the said Grant only the fiifth 
Part of all the Oar of Gold and Silver due to his Majesty his Heirs and 
Successors And by the said recited Letters Patents reserved To have and 
to Hold all those the said Several Parcells of Land and all other the said 
Bargained Premisses with their and every of their Appurtenances (Except 
before Excepted) unto the said James Marquiss of Hamilton his Heirs and 
Assigns for Ever To the only Proper Use and behoof of him the said 
James Marquiss of Hamilton hia Heirs and Assigns for Ever and to be 
Enjoyed as fully freely and in as large ample and beneficial maimer and form 
to all Intents and Purposes whatsoever as they the Said Councel and their 

1891.] The Duke of Hamiltan's Power of Attorney. 


Succeflsora by Virtue of the said recited Letters PateDts might or ought to 
have held or enjoyed the Same or any Part or parcell thereof as by the said 
Letters Pateuts aud ludeuiure relacon being thereunto had doth and may 
more fully and at large Appear, ^ntl tojjttcafl the Right of tlie said Granti 
^re uow vested in James Duke of Hamilton Great Grand child and Heir 
of the Said James Marquiss of Hamilton, ^nlt taf)trra0 the Said James Duke 
of Hamilton i» not only desirous to grant Leases of the Premisses at small 
R^nta but in order to Eooourage the Improvement and Perfect Settlement 
thereof is willing to Sell some Part of the said Premisses as well those that 
are Cultivated and Improved as such as are not and for that Purpose to 
mve Authority to John Mork* of Boston in New England Gent, to Sell the 
Same, floin Bnoto all mni bo the^e }Pr£drnt iLettrr0 That the said Jamei 
Duke of Hamilton aud Brandou hath Nominated Constituted and appointed 
and in his place put and by these Presents Doth Nominate Constitute and 
Appoint aud in his Place Put the said John Mork to be his true and lawful 
Attorney iu his Name and for his Use Absolutely to Sell Dispose of aud 
Grant to such of the presents as Possessors of any Part or Parts of the said 
Premisses C<:)mprebended within the Said Grant as the said John Morks 
thai] Judge most for his Grace's Service So much of the Lands in their 
respective Possessions (not exceeding in the whole ffifty Thousand Acres) 
To hold to them and their Heirs for Ever of the said Duke of Hamilton 
and his Heirs at a Pep|.»er Corn Rent Payable Yearly. ^robilJcIS always 
That all and every Person or Persons to whom any Grant of any Part of 
the said Premisses in Pursuance hereof shall be made shall aud do take and 
Accept of one or more Lease or Leases of other Part of the Premisses com- 
prehended in the Said Grant at and under the Severall Renia and other 
Beservatious mentioned and contained iu a Letter of Attorney bearing even 
Date herewith and Executed by the Said Duke emijowering the said John 
Mork to Grant Leases of the Premisses It being Expresly Declared That 
the said John Mork shall not have any Power or Authority to Grant any 
or tlie Said Lauds aud Premisses to any Person whatever but to such as at 
the time of Executing Such Grant shall and do Accept of and Execute a 
Counterpart of a Lease of other Part of the Premisses as well Improved as not 
Improved at and under the Rents aud Reservations as aforesaid. |9rohil)eD 
always That such Conveyances or Couveyances shall not contain any 
Covenant or CovenantB but against the Acts of the said Duke of Hamittou 
his Heirs aud Assigns only And the Said Duke of Hamilton doth hereby 
Impower his said Attorny to atBx his Name and Seal to any or Assigns 
ahall and will Agree to and Contirm such Conveyance or Couveyanct?s so 
to be made as aforesaid and approve of what his said Attorny shall lawfully 
do in or concerning the Premisses according to the Power hereby given. 
In tDltUfSSS tDf)trtof the ^aid James Duke of Hamilton and Brandon hath 
hereunto Set his hand and Stal this thirteenth Day of July in the twelfth 
year of ih« R<^igu of Our Sovereign Lord George by the Graoe of God ot 
Great Britain France and Ireland King Defender of the Faith Ssc Afiooq* 
Dom 1726. 



& Brandok* 

KoT».— James, fifth Duke of Hamilton and second Duke of Brandon, who 
«icecuted the above power of attorney, succeefled his father in these dignities, 
Not. 16, 1718, and died In March, 1742-3. He waa a great-grandson of James, 

• Tlii« larnam^ is plainlr Mork in tbe orf^lnml document, but no inch samama is found 
on the BoitoD records. The name oearest to ii is Monk. 


The Duke of HamUtoiCs Power of Aitomc^, 


third marquess and flret doke of Htmilton^ to whom the territory described In 
the atHJve ini*trument was granted bj the Coancil of Plymoaih- The lioe of 
descent Is through Anne Hamilton, his daughter, who fnarried Wiillam Douglas, 
earl of Selkirk, and was the mother of James, fourth dake of Hamilton, who 
was created Duke of Brandon, Sept. 10. 1711. 

James Hamilton, the gnuatee of this tract, was the third marqness of Hamil- 
ton. He was bom June 19, 160hS, and succeeded to the peerage on the death of 
ms father. March 3, 1624-6. He went lu 1631 with an annj to the assistance of 
Gastavu8 Adolphus of Sweden- In the civil war he was an ardent supporter of 
the royal cause, and was created bj Charles I., April 12, 1643, Duke of Hamiton. 
He was captured by the ParliamenUry forces August, 164^, was tried by the 
High Court of Justice, and was convicted and sentenced March 6, 164$-9. to be 
beheaded. He was executed on the dth. A memoir of him, with a portrait, will 
be found in Lodge*s Portraits of Illustrious Fersona^tes, Bohn's edition, voL It. 
pp. 271-283. Sec also the several editions of CoUins's Peerage, He was a 
member of the *' Council established at Plymouth, in the County of Devon, for 
the planting, ruling, ordering and governing of New England iu America, "* in- 
CorporaU?tl Nov. 3, 1620. On the 8d of February, 1634-^5, the Council, prepara- 
tory to a surrender of its charter, made a di vision of its lands among eight of 
its raenibers. namely: 1, Thomas Howard, earl of Anindel; 2, .Tainos Stuart, 
duke of Lenox; 3, James Hay, carl of Carlisle; 4, James Hamiltoo. nian^ucss 
of Hamilton ; 6, Edward, Lord Gorges; 6, Capt. John Mason; 7. Sir Ferdiuando 
Gorges; 8, Sir William Alexander, earl of Stirling. A portion of the record of 
the Council, from May 31, 1622, to June 2S, 1623, and from Not. 4, 1631, to Nov. 
1, 1638, b extant, and Is printed in the Proceediugs of the American Antiquarian 
Society for April, \mi, pp. 51-131. The record of Feb, 8, 1634-6, containing 
the bduiidgi of the above named grants, will be found on pages 114 to 118. On 
the 22*1 of April, 1635, deeds of feofmeut were made, under seal^ to the eight 
grantees, One of these deeds, that to Capt. John Ma&on, is printed In Tuttle's 
Capt. John Mason, publijihed by the Prince Society, pp, 209-16. 

The territory* under the grant to the Marquess of Hamilton was to be called the 
County of New Cambridge. Efforts were made at various times by his descend- 
ants to establish this claim, which were resisted by Rhode Island and ComieC' 
tlcut. In 1GG4, Wiillam and Anne, duke and duchess of Hamilton, petitioned 
Charles II. that their daim might be heard by the King's commissiouers, which 
was granted. Their petition is printed in TruinbuH's History of Connecticut, 
voL I. pp. 637-8. The answer of Connecticut, to the petitioners, is printed In 
the same work, pp. 563-6. For the action of the commissioners, see Mast^achu- 
setts Historical Collections, vol. v. pp. 218-19 and 230-31. 

On the I'lh of April, 1683» Charles 11. appointetl Edward Cranfleld and others, 
commissioners to inquire into the respective claims to the King's Province or 
the Narraganset Country. The coraiulrssion is iirinted lu the Massachusetts 
Historical Collections, vol. v, pp. 232-3. The duke and duchess of Hamilton, 
and Iheir son, the eari of Arran, gave a letter of attorney, July 30. 1683, to 
Edward Randolph, oue of the commissioners, to prosecute their claim before 
the commission. The letter is printed in Hinman's Antiquities of Connecticut 
("Letterii of English liings and Queens,'* etc.), pages 157-8. The comrais- 
sloners held various sessions, and decided that the jurisdiction of the Narragauset 
Countrj* belonged to Connecticut, and the soil to the Narragauset purchasers. 
Their report, dated Boston, October 20, 1683, Is printed iu the Rhode Island 
Historical Collcctious» vol. iii. pp. 22U-3S, and In the Massachusetts Historical 
Collections, vol. v. pp. 233-44. Bandolph did not arrive until after the report 
bftd been agreed upon and signed. The commission, however, again couvcued, 
beard the duke's deed read, and listened to the pleas of Randolph, which they 
voted to transmit, with the answers of the Narragauset proprietors, to the lOng 
for his consideration. 

After the accession of James II. the earl of Arran petitioned, April 3, 1685, 
in belialf of his claims. The petition was rcferretU with others, to the Board 
of Trade. 

Much on this subject will be found in Arnold's History of Rhode Island, vol. 
i. pp. UU, 305, 471-«0; 505, 629, 537-8; vol. ii. p. 90. An abstract of doctt* 
meols relating to the claim is printed in the Records of the Colony of Connec- 
ticut, edited by Dr. J. llaininoiid TruiiibuH, vol. ii. appendix, pp. 333-^^6. See 
ahjo Ithode Island Historical CollecUons. vol. ill, pp. 226--tO; Trumbull's Con- 
necticut, vol i. p. 284; Massachusetts Historical Collections, vol, y, pp. 
216-44— Editor. 

maters %n King Jrhthps 




CommunicAted by t^e Kev. George M. Bodge, A.M„ of East Buston^ Mnii, 

[Contiaoed from voU xllv. page asi.] 


A General Review of the Events or the War. 

The fole object of this series of papers was, at tlie beginning, 
the preservation in convenient form of the names of tliose sol- 
diers who served in the Indian War of 1B75-7, kno^vn a.8 "King 
Phih'p*8 War"; so called from the name of the recognized lender 
of that war, whose Indian name was Metacora or Pometacom, or 
Metacumet ; but whom the English called Philip. He was the 
second son of Massasalt, who at the settlement of the English at 
Plymouth and Boston seems to have been chief sachem of all the 
various tribes and fragments of tribes living between the Chiuiea 
River and Narraganset Bay, and including that part of Hhude 
Island east of the Bay, and also the Cape Cod tribes. The rule of 
Maseasoit was probably rather indefinite both as to limits of territory 
and extent of authority over the subordinate cliiefs. While Maesa- 
eoit seems to have been the acknowledged head of the tribes within 
the limits above named, the league between the chiefs of the tribes 
waa evidently very loose, and held mostly for convenience in 
defence, and perhaps for the settlement of ditticultiea between indi- 
vidual tribes. The territory of this Sachem was bounded upon the 
west by tlic Kipmucks and Narragansets. But a very great propor- 
tion of this had been sold by the Sachems before the opening of the 
war. Massasoit had several children, tliree of whom are known ta 
110 by name ; Wamsutta and !Metacom, who came to Plymouth 
about 1(156 and at their own request received English names from 
the Governor, who '^christened" them 'Alexander'* and ''Philip." A 
sifter of these was the wife of Tuspiiquin, chief of the Namajskete ; she 
was culled by tlie English "Amie." Mention is made of another son 
and also a daughter, but I have not proper authority f«»r their names. 
Alexander married a Sachem's daughter, or widow, of the Puciisset 
tribe, and atlter his death, soon following Massasoit's. 1661 or ^62, she 
returned to her own people, and ruled there with inHuence and 
ability until the war ; when her second husband, Petananuet, Pctono- 
wowett, or "Peter Nunnuit" (as he is sometimes called), took sides 
with the English, she, possibly reluctantly, joined the fortunes of 
Philip, who iiad married her sister Wootonekanuske, and had great 

luence with her. 

Massasoit had always maintained a cordial and firm friendship 
the English ; and it would seem that Alexander also was some- 

VOL. XLV. 8 

76 Soldiers in King Philip's War, [Jan. 

what of his father's nature and disposition. The moment, however, 
which saw Philip raised to the place of power, gave signal of a far 
different course of conduct on the part of the Wampanoag Sachem. 
The limits of his father's olden territory had been greatly reduced 
before he came to power. The Encrlish had purchased and other- 
wise absorbed a large proportion of their lands. Philip kept on 
selling and surrendering, till at last, as early as 1670-1, he began 
to feel the pressure of civilization upon their hunting and fishing 
grounds as well as cornfields. The Court at Plymouth itself had 
interfered and forbidden the transfer of certain parts of the Wam- 
panoag territories, and thus doubtless saved the Indians in various 
tribes a home. Pokanoket, the hereditary home, was thus saved to 
Philip's people ; and here he lived at the time of the opening of the 
war. This place was called by the English "Mount Hope," and it 
is now embraced in the town of Bristol, R. I. 

But now having given some account of the principal character in 
the war, we may state briefly the method of collecting the material 
in these papers, and the purpose of tliis present chapter. 

Tiie method adopted in arranging the soldier's names needs ex- 
planation. The material which served as the basis of the work, and 
indeed first suggested the undertaking, was found in three manu- 
script volumes, containing the accounts of John Hull, who was the 
Treasurer of the colony at the time of the war. These volumes are 
devoted to the accounts pertaining to the war, and consist of a 
Journal and two Ledgers. The Journal was opened June 24th, 1675, 
and originally contained over five hundred pages, as the Ledger 
shows, but now has only four hundred and sixty-one complete. 
There was evidently a later Journal and also a Ledger, now missing, 
whieli belonged to the set. The third book is later, and contains the 
closing accounts in the war. These old books were preserved in 
private hands for a century and a half, until discovered by one who 
appreciated their value for genealogy and history, and secured them 
for those purposes. In searching these books for the name of one who 
served in the Indian war, the present writer discovered the impor- 
tance of the accounts in the matter of the Indian war of 1675. Every 
soldier who served in that war is credited with military service, and 
the name of the oflScer under whom he served is given in the credit. 
The date at which payment is made is given in the "Cash" account, 
but the time and place of service is not designated ; nor is the 
residence nor any further information about the soldier given. 
Some of the soldiers served at different times and under different 
oflScers. The best method therefore of arranorinor the men in com- 
panics was found to be that of following the names of the officers as 
they occur in the credits. The names were thus gathered from the 
Journal, and placed in companies with their officers. Then the 
fortunes of each company were followed as carefully as possible 
throughout the several campaigns of the war. But it was found 

hldiers in King Philip's War, 


that a great nmoiint of impublislicd material is still preserved in our 
Stato Archives* County and Town Kerords, and el^ewliere ; and 
this, in the li^ht of the great number of names identified in these 
credits as soldiers, becomes available and intereeting as iiii?tory. 
Additional material has been gathered Rud incorpuvatcd here from 
all sources, whenever it woukl add to the sum of knowledge con- 
cerning the war. 

The officers and soldiers, many of them, served in eeveral, some 
in all the different Ccimpnj;j!:ns ; and thus in following their fortunes, it 
was necessary to ^o over the same events many timea, so as to 
iDar^hat the various companies in order in the military operations. 

It wdl be seen that by this method of arrangement, a g^reat 
amount of important material has been massed together conveniently 
for the study of history, while the story of the wiir has not been 
followed by consecutive events, but according to the experience of 
individual officers and companiif. It is proposed in this final 
chapter to give a brief account of the war, following events in oi'der 
as nearly as possible. It will not be necessary to discuss the causes 
leading up to the war. It is enough to say here^ that the English 
had assumed the government of the country, and follovve<l tlveir 
course of settlement with small regard to the rights of the natives. 
In some of the jJantations, the settlers purchased their lands of the 
Indians, as a matter of precaution ; partly tliat they might have that 
show of title in case any other claim shoukl be set up in opposition 
to theirs, and partly to conciliate the savages, whose liustility they 
feared, and whose friendship was profitable in the way of trade, in 
furs and other products of the hunt. The Indians were always at 
disadvantage with the English, in all the arts of civilized life. The 
English paid no heed to Indian laws or customs or traditions*, and 
ruthlessly imposed their own laws, customs and religicms ideas, wiih 
DO apparent thought of their intolerance and injut<.tice. They made 
treaties with the savages in the snme terms which they would have 
used had they been dealing with a civilized nation. They made 
out deeds, in language which only the learned frumers themselves 
could understand. In brief, the Pilgrims and Puritans mustly 
looked upon the Indians as heathen, whose ^'inheritance" God 
'lueant to give to his people, as of old he hnd dealt with Israel and 
[their heathen. Tliere were some, however, who, with Rev. John 
£ttat, believed that the Indians had immortal souls, and thai they 
were g'iven to God's people to educate and save. But there was 
[nothing which the rulers of the Indians resented more persistently, 
complained of more frequently, than the attempts of the Chris- 
tti convert their people. Indirectly one of these converted 
108 WHS the immediate cause of the opening of hostilities. There 
were many grievances of which the Indians complained ; but they 
hai] not the foresight to see the inevitable result of the constantly 
ijicrca^ing power of the English, in their acquisition of land, and 

-ih Soidien in King Pkilip's War. [Ji 

m'jlt'pljing of •cnlements. It itm oolr wben tlieT fdt thm 
of ^rz-Sal priTation or peraecotioo. thmt thej begaa to think of 
opr^>*:::oo or reTenge. Their chief* bad been tiunmoBed fireqoentlj 
be:%re the English ooarta to answer for fr>me bfeach of Imw bj tlieir 
f a'jrrcu ; lererd times the English hnd denuuided that whole tribes 
•ho'jld giTe up their armi becaiue of the ^tolt of one or a lew. 
The In'iiaDs live mostlT bv huntiD^ and fishin?. and at the time of 
the war a«ed fire-anni almost whollr. Ther had learned their nae 
and b'>uzht the arms of the Ensrlish, nearlr alwars at exorbitant 
price*. Thej were expert in the use of their gnna, and held them as 
the most precious of their possessions. The order to gire these over 
to the English, with their stock of ammunition, was regarded bj 
therii as robberr, as indeed in most cases it was, as thej seldom 
regained their arms when once given up. We can now see that 
from their standpoint there were grievances enough to drive them 
to rebellion. But our forefathers seem to have been unable to see 
anv hut their own side. But now to the story. 

John Sassamon (^Ir. Hubbard savs Sausaman) was the son of a 
Wampanoag Indian who with his wife and familv lived in Dorchcstor. 
Thev had been Unght by Mr. Eliot, and professed the Christian 
fiith. The son John was the pupil of Mr. Eliot firom his earlj 
youth, and wss made a teacher among the Christian Indians at 
Xatick. Mr. Hubbard says that **upon some misdemeanor" there* 
he went to the Wampanoags, where he became the secretary and inter- 
preter of the chief, to whom he was a most valuable assistant and 
trusterl adviser. He was soon prevailed upon by Mr. Eliot to return 
to Natick, where he became a preacher, while still preserving 
friendly relations with Philip and his tribe. In 1672-3 he was 
at Namnsket as preacher among the Indians, whose chief was 
Tuspaquin, whose daughter Sassamon had married. AVhile here 
he discovered that a plot was in process, extending among many 
trifjes, to exterminate or drive away the English settlers from the 
country. This plot Sassamon disclosed to the authorities at Ply- 
mouth, and afterwards the story was told to the Massachusetts 
authorities ; and Philip was summoned to answer to the charge. 
At the examination, where nothing positive could be proved against 
Philip, he found by the evidence that Sassamon had betrayed him, 
and he immediately condemned him to death in his council. The 
sentence was carried out January 29, 1674-5 while Sassamon was 
fishing through the ice upon Assawomset Pond. His executioners 
were brought to punishment, and it was discovered that the deed was 
done by Philip's order. The trial was in March, 1675, and the 
principal actor, Tobias, and his accomplice, Mattashunannamoo, 
were executed as murderers, June 8, 1675 ; while Tobias's son, who 
was present but took no part in the crime, was reprieved for one 
month and then shot. After the execution of the two in June, Philip 
threw off all disguise as to his plan, and pushed his preparations as 


Soldiers in King Philip^ 8 War. 


diligently as possible. The plan had been to complete preparations 
and include all the tribes in New England, so that a simuttaneoua 
afieault could be made upon all the settlements at once. This plan was 
spoiled, and probably the settlements saved from destruction, by the 
impatience of the leaders vengeance. While Philip's preparations 
went forward, the authorities thought best not to make any immediate 
military demonstration further than the placing of a guard by the 
Yftrious settlements to prevent a surprise. They thought Philip 
would soon tire of holding his men in arms and training, so that 
they could get him in their power. But his company increased, and 
the youno^er warriors began to demand some open act of hostility. 
At last tiiey began not only to insult the English settlers in the 
nearest settlements, by their words of insolence and threats, but to 
«hoot their cattle and plunder their houses. The Indians increased 
greatly in numbers, from the neighboring tribes, many "t^lrange 
Indians'^ appearing among them, and most of their women and chil- 
dren being sent away to the Narraganset country. At Swansy they 
appeared in considerable numbers, and used all their ways of provo- 
cation to induce some act of resistance from the settlers ; and at last, 
upon June 24th, one man waa so enraged at the shooting of his 
cattle and the attempt to rifle his house, that he shot at an Indian, 
wounding him. Upon this the Indians began open and indiscrimi- 
nate hostility, and on that day eight or nine uf the English at 
Swansy were killed and others wounded. Two men were sent for 
a surgeon, but were waylaid and slain, and their bodies left upon the 
road. Messengers, sent from the English authorities to treat with 
Philip and prevent an outbreak, came upon the bodies of the men 
slain in the highway, and speedily turned back. The colonics awoke 
to the fact that an Indian war was upon them, but supposed that a 
few companies sent down to Swansy would at once overawe the 
savages and reduce them to submission. A speedy muster was made, 
both at Plymouth and Boston, and on the afternoon of June 2t>th, 
five companies were mustering or on the march from tlie two colonies. 
The details of the account of the war will be found in the body of 
the preceding chapters. Here only a brief outline of current events 
can be given. The first company of infantry from Bostcm was made 
up from the regular military companies of the town. A company of 
cavalry, or " troopers," was gatiiered from the regular organization 
in three counties. A third company, of "volunteers,** raised about 
the town and vicinity, from all sorts of adventurers, sea-faring men 
and strangers, with a number of prisoners who had been convicted 
of piracy and condemned to death, but were now released to engage 
in fighting the Indians. Capt, Daniel Henchman commanded the 
first company ; Capt, Thomas Prentice the troopers, and Capt. 
Sainael Mosely the "volunteers.*^ These three companies marched 
oitl of Boston on the 26th and 27th and arrived at Swansy on the 
jSthf having formed a junction with the Plymouth forces under 
troL. XLV. 8* 

80 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [Jan. 

Major James Cudworth and Capt. Fuller. The forces quartered 
about the house of Rev. John Miles, the minister at Swansy, whose 
place was nearest the bridge leading over the river into Philip's 
dominions. Some of the troopers that evening rode across the bri<4;e 
and had a slight skirmish with the enemy. On the 29th, Major 
Thomas Savage arrived with another company of foot with Capt. 
Nicholas Paige's troop. Major Savage took command of the 
Massachusetts forces ; while, according to the custom in the United 
Colonies, the senior officer of the colony in which the forces were 
engaged at the time became commander-in-chief. The present seat 
of war being in Plymouth colony. Major Cudworth was thus the 
commander of the whole army. On June 30th, the troopers, sup- 
ported by Mosely's company, charged across the bridge for a mile 
into the woods, driving the enemy before them into swamps, with a 
loss of five or six. Ensign Perez Savage being severely wounded on 
the English side. This charge so frightened the Indians that they 
fled, in the night, out of their peninsula of Mount Hope, across the 
channel to Pocasset, now Tiverton, R. I., so that on the next day 
when the whole force marched over into Mount Hope, and marched 
back and forth sweeping the country with their lines, they found no 
enemy. The forces were engaged several days in scouting the 
neighboring country in search of the Indians, not yet knowing that 
the main body were in Pocasset. 

Then orders came from Boston for Major Savage's forces to march 
into Narraganset, to enforce a treaty with that powerful tribe, and 
prevent their junction with Philip. They found the country appar- 
ently deserted, few except the very aged being left in any of the 
villages. Neither Canonchet nor any of his leading Sachems could 
be found. The officers, however, spent several days completing a 
very ceremonious treaty with some of the old men whom they were 
able to bring together. Canonchet afterwards treated the whole 
matter with scorn as being a farce. 

In the meantime the Plymouth forces passed over to Pocasset and 
found a body of Indians, and had a skirmish with them. Capt. 
Fuller was in command, and Benjamin Church conducted a part of 
the force, which became engaged with a much larger force, and after 
hard fighting were drawn off with difficulty by the tact and courage 
of Mr. Church, after inflicting serious injury upon the enemy, and 
suffering little loss themselves. After this the Indians retired into 
the swamps about Pocasset, and were held at bay until the return of 
the Massachusetts forces ; when all marched together for concerted 
action against their enemies. 

On July 18th the combined forces arrived at the Pocasset swamp, 
and made a resolute attack upon the enemy concealed in the thick 
underbrush, from whence at the first volley they killed five and 
wounded seven of our men. After this volley the enemy retreated 
deeper into the swamp, where it was impossible, night coming on, 


John LahMs Deed^ 1653. 


to follow them. The commanders in council concluded that they 
hsd the enemy now enclosed flccurely within the swamp, whence it 
was impossible to escape, if a aaitable guard were left to watch. 
Major Sfivage and the Massachusetta men returned to Boston, except 
Capt. Henchman's company of one hundred men, who, with the 
Plymouth forces, remained at Pocasset. Capt. Henchman be^^an to 
build a fort there, which might serve as a stronghold for the English 
and might guard the entrance to the great swamp. 

[To be oonUnaed.] 


Commanicated bj the Hon. Samcsl A. Gkibk» M.D., of Botton. 

The following deed by indenture, once belonging to John Lakin, 
of Groton, was found several years ago among some old papers in 
that town. In early times deeds were often given in this form, as 
there was then no general system of public registration, Lakin 
was a native of England, who came to this country with his elder 
brother William, his mother, and hia grandfather Lakin. The 
family settled first at Reading, where the name was sometimes 
spelled Laukin ; and a few years later they were all living at Gro- 
ton, In the spring of 1655 the two brothers were petitioners for 
the Groton Plantation, and both were original proprietors of the 
town» each owning a twenty-acre right. Their names are given In 
the fac-simile copy of the petition, printed in the Register (xxxvi. 23) 
for January, 1882, where it is stated that the signatures appended 
to the document vary In the style of hand-writing, though they 
do not appear to be autographs, and may have been written by the 
same person. From the resemblance between Lakin's signature to 
this deed and several of the signatures to the petition, I am inclined 
to tliink that he wrote eome of the names on that paper ; and perhaps 
William Martin, who heads the list of signers, wrote others. 

John Lakin married Mary, daughter of Michael Bacon, as appears 
from a communication in the Register (xli. 262) for July, 1887 ; 
and George PoUe (or Polly) married Elizabeth, daughter of Edward 
Winn, as appears from Sewall's History of Woburn (page 630) ; 
and these facts will account for their witnessing the deed. 

The following is a copy of the instrument, line for line, with a fac^ 
simile of the two signatures in exact size :— 

Know all men by tbi» presant Writing that I Gorg polle do 
acknoledg the whol sale with the Couseut of my wife of all 
The laud aad buldding I haiie be longing to me liing in the boandea 
of Woboro© with all the High tea and preuiiidga that now doth or 
shall for euer here after he loug to the saide land aad Buldding 
with all the pertickiliers that here after aa expressed I^amely the 

82 United States Direct Tax of 1798. [Jan. 

Dwelling hons with the Bame and three accon of broknp land 
a Joynning to the dwelling hons with all the un brokeop land all 
the fensing be loingin to the house lott and nintene aocors of land 
Liing in £e new Bridg feeld six accors liing be twizt a parsall of 
land of sargin tides and a parsall of land of moses cleaneland and 
three aocors of brokenp land liing be twizt a parsall of land 
of John Couttlers and parsall of land of henneri Jeftes and 
tenn accares of land liing be twixt a parsall of land of henneri 
Jefts and a parsall of land of Thomas Browne with the fencing 
that doth be long to the said land yn to John Lakin of Bedding 
To him his eares and a sines for euer in Considderrations of the 
soumes of fifti pounds thirty pounds for the first pament iu Come 
and Catel is to be tow oxen and tow Coues to be paide at mickcilmus 
Next and the Come to be paid be twizt mickcilmous and may day 
And the Rest at that time twelmant after and for the Corne 
in equall propotion in wheat in Rye in Endin Come and the said gorg 
polle is to do halfe the worke of digin of a sealler and stonning it 
and the said gorg polle is to do halfe the wrke of digin a well to 
get watter and to stone it at any Conueniant time when the 
saide iohn lakin shall Require him and the said gorg polle is to 
set up the bowse of the barne afore said souffissiutli now 
preasant ly and the said gorg polle is to haue his Cattel at 
eaight yeres ould or under all but tow oxen) the parties aboue 
written here vn to set to Both there Hands this present day 
the 10 of aprill 1653 

Witness in the presanc of vs r* • •* JTi- 

Michaell bacon J^^ ^ / 

Edward winn V^ 




On the 24th of August, 1844, Mr. William H. Montague,— one 
of the founders of the New-England Historic Genealogical Society, 
of whom a memoir will be found in the Register for October, 
1890, — was appointed Debenture Clerk in the Custom House at 
Boston. While holding the office he made the discovery of the 


returns oFthe United Statea Direct Tax of 1798 for the state of Massa- 
chueette, including the Diatrict of Maine, which returns have been 
bound in twenty thick folio volumes and are preserved in the library 
of the New-England Historic Genealo-^ical Society. Mr. Montague 
having occasion to go to the Gusto ra House earlier than usual, found 
the janitor making a fire, and taking up some of the paper used to 
kindle it, he saw on examining the sheets that they were returns of 
the above-named tax. He asked the janitor where he got the (laper, 
and was shown a large pile of these returns. Directions were given 
that no more of them should be destroyed, and application was made 
to have them depojjJted in the library of this Society, which, after 
some unavoidable dehiy, was granted. Before depredations were 
made, they contained an inventory of all the buildings and lauds in 
the state, with their valuation and the names of every owner and 
every occupant. The returns for Boston wiJl be printed by the 
Boston Record Commissioners. Those of no other state are known 
to be preserved, though duplicate returns of each state were made, 
one of which was sent to WashinMon. 




SETTS.— On May 24th, 1890, a confereoce of periions Interested In tbe preserva- 
tion of scenery ami historical sites was held in Boston at the Massachusetts 
Institute of Technology, President Henry H- Spragne, of the State Senate, 
presided. Snggestlre speeche* were made by the Hon. Leverett Saltonstall, 
judge William S. ShurtlefT, Profeiaor C. E. Norton, Mr. J. B. Harrison, and 
others ; and letters from Governor Brftckett, Dr. Holmes, Mr. Whittier, and 
many others, were read. The Conference created a Committee to promote the 
prNwrratlon of beautiful and historical sites in MassachusettSt and this Com- 
niittee now issnea the following Cihcular (No. 1) t 

The fuDdament&l facts of the subject with which the Committee has to deal 
are two, namely : 

Ist. It la the self-interest of the Commonwealth to preserve, for the enjoy- 
ment of her people and their guests, all her finest scenes of natural beauty and 
all her places of historical Interest. 

2d. Private ownership of such scenes and places now prevails, so that not 
only is the public completely barred out from many especially refreshing and 
interesting spots, but these valuable places are oftea robbed of their beauty or 
Interest for some small private gain. 

The problem calls for Intelligent action on the part of the Legislature, and 
generous action on the part of private citizens. The Committee will ask the 
Legislature to act for the best interests of tbe Commooweaith by establishing 
a Board of Trustees, capable of holding lands for the use and enjoymeot of the 
public ; and the Committee will ask the owners of lands, and the possessors of 
money which can buy or maintain lands, to endow the Trustees with suitable 
lands and considerable funds immedistely upon their incorporation. With the 
fofitering approval of the Legislature, the' large and small gifts of enlightened 
citizens have provided Massachusetts with colleges, libraries, art museums, and 
bospltalB. When the State shall have established the necessary organization, 
glfte ot beautiful and Interesting places and sites may be confidently expected, 
for DO nobler use of wealth can be imagined. 

84 Notes and Queries, [Jan* 

Jndge William 8. Shnrtleff of Springfield, Hon. Henry L. Parker of Worces- 
ter, and Moses Williams, Esq., of Brookllne, have been appointed a Snb-Com- 
mlttee on Legislation. The establishment of an advisory Board, in addition to 
the Board of Tmstees, will probably be recommended to the Legislature, its 
members to be elected as Delegates from existing incorporated associations. 
The State possesses many thriving historical and out-of-door societies, and 
they will be called upon to unite in establishing and assisting a Board of 
Trustees which shall be capable of holding property valuable to one and all. 
Such acts of the Trustees as involve the asuumption of permanent trusts will 
come before this Board of Delegates for confirmation. 

The Committee desires to hear from the oflScers of all societies which may 
wish to send Delegates to the proposed Board, and also from the oflScers or 
members of any societies which may see fit to assist the Committee by adopting 
resolutions favoring the establishment of the proposed Board of Trustees for 
public places. 

The Committee hopes to be informed of ail movements now on foot looking 
to the opening to the public of any beautiful or historical places, as also of all 
lands which it may be desirable and possible to obtain for the proposed 
Trustees. Letters may be addressed to the nearest member of the Committee, 
or to the Secretary, Charles Eliot, 60 State Street, Boston. 

Lastly, the Committee requests all persons who may feel interested in this 
attempt to facilitate the preservation of natural scenery and of historical mem- 
orials to scud contributions for this purpose to the Treasurer of the Committee, 
George Wigglesworth. Esq., 89 State Street, Boston. If the working fund can 
be made large enough, the work of the Committee can go on prosperously ; 
otherwise it must languish. 

Comm»^0.— Francis A. Walker, Boston; Sarah H. Crocker, Boston; Marion 
Talbot, Boston ; Wm. C. Burrage, Boston ; C. 8. Rackemann, Milton ; George 
C. Mann, Jamaica Plain ; L. Saltonstall, Chestnut Hill; F. L. Olmsted, Brook- 
line; C. S. Sargent, Brookllne; Moses Williams, Brookllne; Sylvester Baxter, 
Maiden; Elizabeth Howe, Cambridge; Wm. S. Shurtleff, Springfield; Joseph 
Tucker, Pittsfleld; Christopher Clarke, Northampton; Richard Goodman, 
Lenox ; Franklin Carter, Willlarastown ; George Sheldon, Deerfleld ; Henry M. 
Dexter, New Bedford ; Henry M. Lovering, Taunton ; George R. Briggs, Ply- 
mouth ; J. Evarts Greene, Worcester ; Henry L. Parker, Worcester ; Philip A. 
Chase, Lynn; W. C Endicott, Jr., Salem. 

Henry P. Walcott, Cambridge, Chairman. 
George Wigglesworth, Boston, Treas\irer. 

Charles Eliot, Boston, Secretary. 

The Publishing Committee have been requested to insert the above circular in 
the Reglster. Other circulars giving details have been issued, w^hich can be 
obtained of the secretary, Charles Eliot, 60 State Street, room 60, Boston, Mass. 

Frenches in New and Old England :— 

John* French, of Ipswich, was a Denison subscriber in 1648 ; he went to North- 
ampton, Mass., and held land at Deerfleld ; he married Freedom, daughter of John 
Kingsley of Dorchester, and afterwards of Rehoboth. His wife Freedom French 
died at Xortliampton, 26 July, 1689. He died there Ist Feb'y, 1697. Children : 

1. John* French, born in 1665; married at Rehoboth, Nov. 27th, 1678, Mary 
Palmer ; 2<"y, Hannah. His will was proved April 20th, 1725. 

2. Thomas* French, bom at Ipswich, May 23d, 1667; settled at Deerfleld; 
married Oct. 18th, 1683, Mary, daughter of John Catlin ; she was captured and 
killed March 9th, 1704, on the march into Canada. 2d, married Feby 16th, 1709, 

Hannah, daughter of Atkisson; she had first married, Nov. 17th, 1674, 

Joseph Edwards, at Northampton; 2rt, she married, March 2d, 1691, Benoni 
Stebbins ; and her 3d husband was Thomas French as above stated. He died 
April 3, 1733. His wife Hannah French died Sept. 7, 1735. 

3. Mary* French, bom at Ipswich, Feby 27th, 1659 ; married Samuel Stebbins, 
son of John Stebbins, of Rowland. Divorced Dec. 27th, 1692. 

4. Samuel* French, bom at Ipswich, Feb'y 26th, 1661 ; died Sept. 3d, 1683, 
Savage states unmarried. 

6. Hannah* French, bora at Ipswich, March 8th, 1664 ; married Francis Keet. 

Heth French married Samnel Potneroy, son of Caleb Pom(?roy of Eltwed. 

• tHmn French had a wife Sarah, as appears hy the administration of his 
•0Ute. granted to his widow io 1714. 

Thomas French, of Ipswich. Mast*,, married, Feb» 29th, 1G59, Mary Adams; 
In H>»7t a<:rording to one of the public*ii<ins of thv Massachusetts Historical 
Society^ he was among '* the sbt principal reslstants at Ipswich " to the Andros 
Tax; as such tlie Rev. John Wise was suspended from his mimsterial functions, 
fined, and gave a bond for ttis good behavior. John Applcton, Jolin Andrews, 
Sr., Kobcrt KiD^man, Williara Goodhue, Jr., and Tliomas French were excluded 
fr**»ni bt-'arini; ottice, fined, and gave bondsi for pood behavior for one year. Five 
of llicse. with possibly John App1etou» proved their damages sustained, ijcfore 
Chief Judije Dudley, *' for their unwlUiiigness to Rayse money without the con- 
sent of tlie people.** 

MichanI French.— By the Court held at Flymoath, Mags., May 3d, l«ri9» It 
i|»]>eans by Its records, that Richard French owed His Highness the Lord Tro- 
t«»ctor, £40: he may have been a relative of PH^r Fn'tichr D.D,, canon of 
Chriiit Church, Oxford, who manied Kebina, sister of Olittr Cnmnttll. 

A. D. Weld Fuesch. 

Lawbexce. — Rev. Lawrence B. Thomas, on page 129 of his Pedigrees of 
Thomas, t'iiew and Lawrance (New York, 1883), quotci* a MS. letter received 
from th ■ I"' '^<'- G. 1). 8cull, the editor and author, who was a freciutiit and 
valued ■ -r to the Reoistkk, announcing the discovery, on the Regi.*iter 

of St. > - Church, juHt out8ide of 8t Albaiif*, HertforrlHhire, of a re<x>rd 

of the marriage, 16 Feb, 1617-8, of Williajn Lawrence and Joan Brooke; and 
Mr. TUonifts entertains ** no reasonable doubt they were the ancestors of the 
Ain imtly.'' 

tble to the above, attention should be given to the age of Jane, 
wi rge Giddinge, of Ip^iwlch, a daughter of Joan Tuttle, which ia 

eir I lie list of pasjiongers by the Planter (Reqisteb. vol. U. pp. liniJ-i) 

i£. 2 ^ on 2d April, 1G35. GEO. A. GoiUJON. 

Laughton. — On a former occasion, I sent eome English monumental Inscrip- 
tion;*, likely to be of interest to .\iuericau9, wliich were printed in the Rkgistek 
[vol. 44, p.' llo]. Below I send an Inscription I met with on a tomliHi^ine In 
Homsey Churchyard, Mlddle*<ex. E. H, Edowton. 

Cti tn bridge , Engla nd. 

Here llcth the Remains of | William Laucihton [?] late of Hlghgato j in this 
Parii^h i and Formerly of Boston I In New England Merchant | who died Octo- 
ber y - - 1784 I Agfd 63 Yeant j AImo the Remains of | Miss [?] Sc!SA!^a 
LArcjHTON [?j I Daughter of the aljove I who died Feb? y* 28"* 1785 | JyrddO 

Year» I Also the Remains of | [?] Miss [?] Lvdia Joy | Daughter of M' | 

[r^at hidden.] [Upright atone, worn, and inscriptions in parts iud Instinct. J 

T0UMA8 Johnston was an early Boston engraver, and lies burled in the Klng'a 
CbafH'l Burying Ground. Thomas Brldgman, in hla •* Memorials of tbti Dead 
la BoHtcnn " (page 7»), gives the epitaph very incorrectly ; and for that reason I 
send you the foUowing copy ; — s. a. o- 

Here lies Buried 

the Body of 

M'. Thomas JoHNi?TON 

who departed this Life 

May S"'. 1707 

Aged 5i> Years. 

EwrxKZKR BuTTEKFiELD, of ToAVUSCud. blacksmith, Martha Cleveland, widow, 
Jonalhan and Dorothy Fish, sell all their rights in the estate of Gershom Heald, 
late of ( ViHcord, being lawful heirs by the death of our honoured mother. Dorothy 
Butterttcld late of Weatford, to Stephen Blood, 5 June, 17fir». 

Mdx. De«ds, Lib. Izvl : 121. 

86 Notes and Queries. [Jan. 

Clarke.— lo my '* G^ealogy of the Descendants of Nathaniel Clarke of New- 
bnry, Mass./' published in 1885, page 7, I snggest a near kinship between the 
said Nathaniel and some of the Clarks at Ipswich. My later investigations 
discredit this theory, and I have abandoned it. On page 86 of the above work 
I refer to an assertion, which has been in print, that John Gage of Rowley was 
a younger son of Sir John Gage, created a baronet, March 26, 1622. It seems 
to me that the evidence is conclusive that this assumed relationship is purely 
fictitious, and that the ancestry of John Gage of Bowley must be sought for 
elsewhere. a. k. o. 

Dea. MtLES Ward.— The following item from "The Boston Post-Boy and 
Advertiser,*' September 10, 1764, may have sufflcient genealogical interest to 
be inserted among the Notes of the Beoister. — s. a. a. 

On the 20th of last Month died at Salem, Deacon Mile* Ward, aged 92 Years : 
He was of a chearfnl Disposition which he retained with his Memory to the 
last ; he never had been ill till very lately, and then only weak and lame with 
age ; he was able to give a very particular Account of Things done upwards of 
80 Years ago ; he was a Person of Good Conversation, a good Neighbour and 
Friend, and a sincere tho* chearfnl Christian. His first Wife was Daughter of 
Mr. John Maaseyt who was the first English Male Child bom in the Massachusets 


Mareax or Marion. — ^A wish to learn the origin of that William Marean who 
married at Boxbury, Mass., 7 Jan. 1701-2, with Elizabeth Clark, led to the com- 
pilation of the following records, from such sources as I could reach. The 
question is not yet solved, and I will be thankful for any help which can be 
given by those who are within reach of the records. The family pronounce the 
name in three syllables, with the accent on the second. 

A careful study of the printed records of Boston, 1630-1700, has convinced 
me that persons mentioned under a variety of names were really of one family — 
Marion, Marean or Merion. I send this study in the hope that it may be of 
service to some other student. 

D. Williams Patterson, of Newark Valley, N. Y. 

1. John* Marion, a cordwainer, of Watcrtown, Mass., about 1640, married 
with Sarah Eddy, daughter of John and Amy Eddy. They removed to Boston, 
Mass., before 22 Feb. 1651-52; and he was made* a freeman 26 May, 1652, as 
** Jo. Marrjou." He was selectman in Boston in 1693, and died there 7 Jan. 
1706-06, in his 86th year. She died 3 Feb. 1709-10, in her 85th year. 

Children of John* and Sarah (Eddy) Marion : 

2. i. Mary* Marion, bom at Watertown about November, 1641 ; died there 
in January, 1641-42; and was buried 24 Jan. 1641-42, aged two months. 

3. ii. John* Marion, bom at Watertown, 12 May, 1643 ; and died in three 

4. iii. Elizabeth* Marion, born about 1644 ; married 10 Jan. 1665-66, with 
Henry Dearborn, son of Godfrey Dcarbom of Hampton. She died 6 July, 1716, 
aged 72 years. See Savage's Dictionary, II. p. 32. 

6. iv. John* Marion, b. probably at Boston, about 1661 ; baptized there 22 
Feb. 1651-52, as son of "John Merlon." He went to Cambridge, Mass., re- 
turned to Boston, and married with Anna Harrison, daughter' of John and 
Persis ( ) Harrison, of Boston, where she was baptized in the First Church 

21 Dec. 1656. He joined the First Church in Boston 26 Aug. 1677 ; was made a 
freeman 15 Oct. 1679, as *' John Marrion"; and was a member of the Ancient 
and Honorable Artillery Company in 1691. His wife died 3 Nov. 1692, in her 
35th year, and was buried in the Granary Burial Ground. He was ordained a 
deacon of the First Church 6 Sept. 1696, and was a selectman in 1698. He 
married 2d, 27 June, 1700, with Mrs. Pradence (Balston) Tumer, a widow, 
daughter of Jonathan and Mary ( ) Balston, of Boston, where she was 

bom, 28 May, 1655. Mr. Bridgman erroneously ascribes this marriage to his 

son John Marion, wlio died in infancy, '* Deacon John Mnrion di**d on 
Wednesday, January 3d. 172J:*, in the 78th year of bis age. He was a very im- 
portant man In Bost43n, equaJ in rank and influence to any person there. A 
Chiisitlan man. * Blessed are the dead who die id the Lord.' He was Interred 
in the Kin^s Chapel Burial Ground. Mrs. Prudence Marion died — — — . She 
was Interred in the Granary Yard." See Bridg^inan's MemoriaL* of the Dead 
In Boston. — King's Chapel Burial Ground, p. 204. 

6. V. IS.1AC* Mkhion, bom in Boston. i!OJan. 1652-53; baptized there 30 Jan. 
1652-53, as sou of '* John Meriam." He had a mfe, " Pha?be/' lie joined the 
First Church In Boston in 16y6. He died 25 June. 1724, asjed 72 ye4irs. lUn 
will, proved 13 July, 1724. gave all of his property to his wife and her helre. 
She died 27 Oct. 17*24, aged 67 years. 

7. vi. Samuel* Miriam» bom In Boston, ** 14 Dec" 1655, according to the 
printed record, which should, perhaps, be 4 December, as he was baptized there 
9 Dec. l(»o5, as son of "John Meriam.'' He had a wife, Hammti, who died 4 
April, 1688, ** in a sad manner." He was a uieniber of the Artilkry Cnra])any 
in Iti^l. He married 2d, with Mary Wilson, daughter of Edward and Mary 
(Hale) Wilson, of Charlestown, Mass., where she wax liaptized 20 Juiyt l*i62t 
and owned the covenant 4 Jan. 1690-91. She died G Aug. 172<i, and wa« burled 
in King's Chapel Cemetery. 

8. vil. Sajiab^ Mibiam, bom at Boston. 24 April, 1658; baptlxcd there 25 
April, lfi58, as daaghterof '* John Mcrlaiu." Mr. Bridgnian says she married 
with John Balston. 

y. vlii. l*uoMJisrs' MniiUAAi (daughter ''of John and Hannah"), bom at 
Boston, 19 Sept. IfiGO; baptized there as '* Tornlsm of J<ihn Slerlmu," 23 Sept. 
1660. Btlr. Bridguiau says she married with James Peunimau- 

10. Ix- Mary' Miriam, b<»rn at Bo.stun, 15 May, IGG3; baptired there as 
" Mary Meriam," 24 May, K*^. 

11. X. Joseph* Marion, born at Boston, 14 Oct. 1666 ; baptized there 21 Oct. 
1666, an son of " John Meriam." 

12. li. Benjamin' Marion, bom at Boston, 25 Aug. 1670; baptized there 4 
Sept. 1670, tui son of " Jobu Meriam." 

Children of John' and Ann (Harrison) Marion: 

13. i, John' MAJttON, bom at Boston, 17 xVug. 1684; baptized there 31 Aug. 
1084 ; Aud died young. 

14. li. John' Marion, bom at Boston, 30 May» 1685 ; baptized there 6 July, 
1685 ; and died young. 

16. lil. Joseph^" Mariak, bom at Boston, 10 June, 1686; baptized there 13 
June, 1 686. 

16. iv. JoitN' Marion, b. at Boston, 29 Aug. 1687; baptUed there 4 Sept. 
1687, by two records, one of which says " of John Miriam Junior." He died 

17.^ V. Jonn* MARI027, bom at Boston, 28 June, 1689; died there 15 Aug. 
1690, a* •* son of John ami Anna Maryon." 

Child of Isaac' and Fhoeibc ( ) Marion- 

18. 1. 5Lary* Marion, born at Boston, Mass., 4 Dec. 1682. 
CliUdren of Samuel* and Hannah ( ) Marion : 

19. I. JoiiN* Marion, born at Boston, 25 Dec. 1681; died there 1 March, 

SO. li. H ANN.^n* Marion, bom at Boston, 23 June, 1G85. 
21. ill, Mary* Marion, born at Boston, 18 June, 1687; baptized there 18 
Jttne, 16«7, aged about 2 or li daya, " of Samuel Mirlan." 
Children of Samuel- and Mary (Wilson) Marion. 

22- iv. Samuel^ Maiuon, bom at Boston, 7 (Dr. Savage says 8) June, 1(>8U; 
baptl/ed at Charlestown, Mass., 4 Jaa, 16iM>-91; married with Mary ElUSj 
UjMightvr of Henry Ellis of Boston. 

V- Catharjnk' Maryon, born at Boston, 15 Sept. 1G90; baptized at 
ricstown. 26 April, l*i:*l ; married with - — - Davis. 

. vl. EnwARiJ* Maryon, born at Boston, 2 Dec, 1692 ; baptized at Charles- 
1, 11 June, 1693. 

. vlL liiAAC^ Marion, born at Boston, 8 Nov. (Dr. Savage says March) 
; baptized at Charlestown, 11 Nov. 1604. 
vllL EuzAuuTU* Marion, born at Boston, 21 Nov. 1696, though Dr. 
savs 16*J5. 



88 Note8 and Queries, [Jan. 

27. ix. Joseph' Marion, born at Boston, 18 Dec. 1698; died yoang. 

28. X. Joanna* Marion, born at Boston, 10 May, 1701. 

29. xl. John' Marion, born at Boston, 5 April, 1703. 

30. xii. Joseph' Marion, born at Boston, 22 July, 1705. 

Ebenezer Grant was of Deerfleld, Mass. , abont 1781. Ebenezer Grant Manh 
delivered orations at Yale Commencements, 1797 and 1798, and at Harvard 1799. 
Jamos Dana, D.D., preached his funeral sermon at New Haven, Nov. 16, 1808. 
Was tlie second Ebenezer a descendant of the first? If so, in what line? 

Detrfield, Mass. George Shsldoii. 

Parentage wanted.— Who were the parents of the following women? 

Mary, wife of Robert Ashley of Springfield. 1639. 

Helena, wife of Henry Glover of New Haven. 1646. 

Margaret, wife of Thomas Bliss of Hartford. 1C36. 

Susanna, wife of Robert Blott of Northampton. 1640. 

Ann, wife of Hugh Caulkins of Gloucester. 1650. 

Marv, wife of Robert Francis of Wethersfleld. 1651. 

Elizabeth, wife of Samuel Gorton of Warwick, R. I. 1660. 

Jane, wife of Joseph Menitt of Rye, N. Y. 1700. 

Sarah, wife of Adam Mott of Hlngham. 1633. 

Margaret, wife of John Rathbone of Block Island. 1660. 

Joan, wife of Giles Slocum. 1642. 

Joan, wife of William Swift of Boston. 1631. 

Martha, wife of Henry Tucker of Dartmouth. 1658. 

Esther Allen, wife of Samuel Thompson of New Haven. 1785. 

Helen Anthony, wife of John Thompson of New Haven. 1665. 

Abigail Burt, wife of Thomas Stebbins of Westflcld. 1690. 

Mary Dingy, wife of Nehemiah Merritt of Quaker Hill, N. Y. 1760. 

Mary Hauxhurst, wife of Robert Coles of Roxbury. 1630. 

Susannah Holmes, wife of Valentine Wightman of Groton. 1703. 

Mary Hughes, wife of John Scott of Spencertown, N. Y. 1744. 

Sarah Proctor, wife of William Douglas. 

Rebecca Wheeler, wife of Asa Douglas. 
Bhi?H-beck, N. Y. Douglas Merritt. 

Chute. — Lionel Chute and his wife Hannah Cheney disappear from the 
reccrds of Newbury and Rowley about the year 1730. Can any one tell what 
became of them ? William E. Chute. 

Genealogical Blanks. — All persons using blank forms for the collection of 
genealogical material are requested to notify the undersigned, who will forward 
staiiii)s. that specimen copies of such blanks may be forwarded to 

P. 0. Box 902, MicMletoicn, Conn. Frank Farnsworth Starr. 

Saffkn. — Rebeckah Saffen, daughter of Thomas and Mary Saffen, was bom 
in N»'wark, N. J., Sept. 22. ITfiU, and married, Nov. 7, 17D0, John J., son of 
Josinli Crane of Newark. She died in New York, Oct. 26, 1847. John J. Crane 
was born March 8, 17G7, and died In July, 1808. Persons who can furnish any 
infonnation relating to the Saflen family will please address, 

41 West 45th St., N. Y. City. G. Sidney Crane. 

Butterfikld-Cleveland.— Correction and Query. See Register, xllv. 39. 
Manila* Butterfield (Joseph,* Joseph, ^ Jonathan,* Benjamin*), married about 
1751-2 £'?//>c/i* Cleveland (Enoch,^ Enoch,* Moses*), lived at Westford. Chil- 
dren: Martha Cleveland, b. 1752; married John Steams of Littleton, Mass. 
Enoch Cleveland, b. 1754. Did this Enoch marry at Petersham, Sept. 23, 1784, 
Olive Houghton? Did he marry 2d, Lydia Robinson, and live at Brandon, Vt.? 
Enoch and Lydla (Robinson) Cleveland had a daughter ZUpha, who married 

Jfotes and Queries* 


at Roxbury, Vt., May, 18ir>, EbeneKer Cutler, See Cutler Gtnealoffif* pape 418. 

,Did Zilpha have any brothers or sisters? Any infommtloii couceminiyr other 

ieseeodaots of Enoch and Martha (Buttcrfldd) Cleveland will be thankfully 

:eived. E. J. Cleveland. 

276 Farminffton St., Hartford. 

HUTCnTNBOX.^ — ^Can any reader of the Rboirter tell me the parentAge of 
Timothy Htit«liln.soii (sometiraes spoiled HntrlilrtJ*) who was living at Haniptrm, 
K. H., in 1718; fjnbiie<|uently at Kensluiftuu. H.'iiiipton records niuke m>m<'nti<»u 
of the name. Anionjuj other children he had Johnson, Phebe, and Jonatlian a 
tanner by trade who Hired in Kensington. 

Loicell, Mass., P. 0, Box 161, Frank A. Hutchinson. 

Slocttm.— -The records of the town of Wreutliam, Mass., contain the following 
ffiames of children born to Simon Slocnni (or Sl*fComb) : 

Lois, b. April 13, 1732; d. Nov. 30, 1736. 

Esther, b. Nov. 17, I7:W; m. John Hall. April 23, 1761. 

AlO^^all, b, April U, 1736; d. March 5, 1737. 

Samuel, b, Jnne 24, 1738; m. Miriam Kicliardson; descendants known* 

Chloc, b. Fl^i. 12, 1740-1; d. Dec, 12, 1741- 

Sii^.innah. b. June 23, 1746. 

t:i< a/.tT, b. Nuv. 28, 1747; resided in Templeton, Mass.? 

M..' I calf, b. Nov. 15, 1761. 

Jeremiah, b. Jan. 10, 1754. 

Achilles, b. June 10, 175C. 
It \s supposed that Eleazer, MetcAlf, Jeremiah and Achilles, were soldiers in 

Revolutionary war, and that Metcalf was sometimes known as Benjamin, 

Achilles as A pellet and A polios. It 18 aL^o suppO!:»ed that the last named 
a family In Vermont, and that some of his descendants* are now In 
*nn3ylran!a and others in States further west. 
Any InforniaMon regarding the individuals of tills famlly» or their descendants. 
rould l>e gratefully received and acknowledged by 
Dii/lance, Ohio. Charles E. Slocum« M.D. 

VTrLLTAM^. — ^Descendants In both male and female branches from Robert Wll- 
of Roxbury, Ma<4¥i., are requested to send their addresses to the under- 
In order that he may supply them with blanks for the forthconiluja^ statis- 
record of the family. Edward H, Williams, Jr, 

7 Church St., Bethlehem, Fenn. 

MiLrrABT BrrroN.— Mr. Charles M. Hodge of this town has a button that was 
by Capt- Carr of West Newbury, then Newbury, and with the Con- 
lenuil Army during the terrible winter at V'alley Fori^e. The button Is sUver 
1, and ha*« npon it, " Mass. VIII.," and underneath a skull and crossed thigh 
•s. I believe that Capt. Carr was of the 8th Mass, regiment, but desire 
know if there was an offleer's button of that design. Would you kindly 
form ine throtigh Notes and Queries. Nathan N. Witiiinqton. 

Sewburvpurt, Mass. 

iXTKri,— Will anyone knowing anything about this family communicate with 
1. rarticulars of the Baxt^^ra of Connecticut and Vermont, 
iihu Baxter, a soldier of the Revolution, are eHpccially desired. 
loin College, Brunswick, Maine. Efpert H. Baxter. 

MoimiLL. — I should like Information as to \yhnX port of England the paa- 
. r^ iti the *• Lion'* (which landed at Cambridge in 1632) ca;me from. Also 
The Eu^4bh ancestors of Isaac and Abraham Morrill who came in the 

Samuml ManfULL. 
lifl lUacon St,, Boaton, 

90 Notes and Queries, [Jan. 

Brrwstkr Genkaloot.— The late ReT. Ashbel Steele, author of " Chief of 
the Pilsn^ms, or the Life and Times of William Brewster," Philadelphia, 1867, 
had collected much material for a genealogy of the descendants of Elder 
Brewster. Can any one inform me where his manuscripts now are ? He died 
B4ay 27, 1869. Has he any children or other near relatlTes living ? 

Nevada f Story Co., Iowa. (Mrs.) Lillian Brbwstbb Monks. 

Ptnson-Pinson. — Mr. Francis E. Blake, Boston, would like to correspond 
with any person having knowledge of the members of this family or of records 
relating thereto. 

Ethelbbrt Bacon.— Bom January 22, 1772, in Connecticut, it is believed. 
Can some one inform me in what town, and the names of his parents ? 

Osceola, Tioga County^ Penn. Charles Tubbs. 

Now I LAY ME DOWN TO SLEEP. — The vciy earliest publication in print, of 
which I have any knowledge, of the familiar little prayer — 
** Now I lay me down to sleep, 

I pray the Lord my soul to keep ; 
If I should die before I wake, 
I pray the Lord my soul to take ** — 
was in the old " New-England Primer," the first edition of which was printed 
about the year 1691— nearly two hundred years ago. 

Have you, Mr. Editor, or any of your multitude of readers, may I ask, 
knowledge of the little prayer having been any earlier in print ? And was it 
first in print in the United States of America or in some other part of the world? 
I am very desirous of learning when and where, and in what language, the little 
prayer was first in print, and what is known concerning the oral transmission 
of this hymn, and in what language it was originally composed. 

I have information that a learned gentleman, who Is making a search for the 
genesis of this child's prayer, has traced it back to England and Scotland, and 
expects to find it in an old Latin hymn. 

Can you, Mr. Editor, or any of the readers of the foregoing kindly give me 
the information desired, or suggest to me where and of whom I may possibly 
obtain it ? Charles Marseilles. 

Exeter, N. H. 

Fearing, Story and Robinson. — Fearing. What was the maiden name of 
Margaret, widow of John Fearing of Hlngham, and date of her 2ud marriage 
(before 1686) with Robert Williams of Roxbury ? She died there Dec. 22, 1690. 

Story. A record of Rev. Wm. Williams, of Hatfield, gives : •♦ Aug. 25, 1708. 
My Grandmother Mrs. Martha Williams In ye 92 year of her age. Whose 
Maiden name was Story.'* She must hare married Robert Williams of Rox- 
bury, between January, 1691, and Sept. 1693. Further information desired. 

Robinson. Jonathan, of Lexington, b. 20 April, 1698, son of William and 
Elizabeth ( ) Robinson of Concord-Newton- Watertown, left among his 

papers a copy of the will of Richard Cutter, of Cambridge, endorsed, •• For the 
two Robinson grandsons of the deceased" (see Hudson's Lexington). Richard 
Cntter had wives Elizabeth and Frances and daughters Elizabeth by each. The 
first is said to have died in 1663, the second was b. 1669, and is said to have 
married a Hall. From dates of death and birth neither of these could have been 
the mother of Jonathan — to say nothing of his eldest sister Elizabeth, b. about 
1670. Who can unravel this tangle ? Edward H. Williams, Jr. 

117 Church Street, Bethlehem, Penn. 

McKiNSTRY'8 Corps.— My ancestor served for some time In the Revolution 
with McKlnstry's Corps, which appears then to have been acting in the vicinity 
of Hudson River. Can any one tell me anything about McKinstry or his corps? 

F. J. p. 

Notes and Queries. 


HiSTORICULL Intelliqekcr. 
A Guide to Printed Books and Maxitscripts relating to Engush 
HiCRALDRY .tND Genbalooy.— Tliis book by Mr. George Gatefleld of tk© 
Departmeut of Manuscripts in the Brltiftb MiK^euiu, was annouuced by us in the 
Register for July, 1886, pa^e 32G. We arc happy to loam tlial H is now ia 
press. The work is a claualfied catalogue of works on those brancbe«» of litera* 
tupe. It consists of about twenty thousand titles^ and b int^rndtnl to .supplement 
and to form one of a series of valnable Guides which have already Iweu pnb- 
Uflhed; snch as Sime's *' Index to Ht-mlds' Visitations in the British Museum/* 
and *' Manual for the Genealo^arist, Topogrnipher aod Antiquar}' " •, Mar»bairs 
**Genealo^sts' Guide to Printed Pedigrrees"; Andersoa's '' IJook of British 
Topography "; and other works of a like nature. The need of such a Cadde is 
apparent. The book will be publwhed by Messrs. Mitchell & Hugi»ti«. HO War- 
dour Street, London ( W.) Eni^land, to whom subscriptions should be sent at once. 
Price one guinea to subscribers, and a gniinea and a half to non-subscribers. 
The book will probably be pubUslied ^krly In the spring. The edition will be 
llroiU'd to 300 copies. 

Scotch Gknraloot and Hbbaldby.— One of the officials of the Lyon office 
is about publishing, with copious genealogical notes, the recently dlscoTered 
• • Lockhart Collection," comprising OA^or threu liundred coat** of arms. They were 
executed either for, or under the supervision of Alexander Nisbet (b. 1672, d. 
172r»), the most celebrated of all the Scotch heraldic authorities. 

Among these coats, are those of Aiknian, Aiusllc, Baillie, Balderston, Bimie, 
Burden, Campbell, Carstaira, Corser, Craw, Dalzlel, Dalmahoy, Dmniniond, 
Dunbar, Duncan, Dundaa, Edgar, Farquharson, Fleming, FuUerton, Hamiltou, 
Hay, Haig, Hoy, Home, Innes, Klrkpatrick, Lauder, Lithgow, Lockhart, Mac- 
grcgor, Morison, Murray, Nisbet, OgJlvie, Pollock, Primrose, Pringle, Pnrves, 
Row, Scot.Setou, Skene, Somerville, Stewart, Trotter, Watson, Wjllie, Young- 

This work will doubtless be a very important addition to Scotch heraldry auil 
genealogy. The edition will be Uuiited to two hundred and fifty copies, at 
about oue guinea and a half each. The address of the editor of the Lockhart 
Collection, is care of Messrs. George Watei-ston & Sons, Hanover Street, Sdin> 
burgh, Scotland.— A. D. Weld French, 

Letters and ^LkNuscniPTS of Thomas Jefferson.— Paul Leicester Ford, of 
97 Clark Street, Brooklyn, N. Y., Ijcing engaged in the preparation of an editioa 
of the writings of Thomas Jefferson, and desiring to make it as complete as 
posKible, requests that any one possessing any of Jeflferson's letters or manu- 
scripts win communicate with him. Or if such persons will either loan these 
to Mr- Ford for a few days, he will guarantee their safe return; or If they will 
have them copied at his expense, and will enclose a bill, he will most gratefully 
pay for the copying, and give due credit for such assistance In the work. 

Thk Poets op North Carouna. — An interesting article with this title by ,T. 
D. Cameron, with fiketches of the lives of the poets and specimens of their 
po^stry, is the leading article In the November 1890 number of lite Lyceum^ a 
monthly magazine published at AahcTllle» N. C. It is the first of a series of 
Articles on " Southern Fields of Poesy." 

County Historical SocmTiRe. — "Rev, An.son Titus, of Towanda, Penn., has 
fnmishtd to 77i* AmeHmn, a literary newspaper published at Philadelphia, an 
able article showing the advantages which flow from the fonuation of County 
Historical Societies in that state. The article appears in the issue of that paper 
Nov ?i*, wm. He thinks that Town Hist<>rical Societies, so common In New 
F> ire best for tills section of the country, but that for Penns^ylvanla and 

Tl and western states county societies are preferable. The number of 

touv .1 :-'" 11 lies tn that state Is increasing, and they are doing good work iu col- 
lecting materials for local history. Ecv. Mr. Titus's article furnishes excellent 
suggestions for our people as well as those of Pennsylvania. 

Kb. akd Mrs. Edward E. SALisBtiRY of New Haven, Conn.» are printing, 
privately." and have nearly completed, a book of "Family Histories and 

VOL. XLV. 9* 


Societies and their Proceedings, 

Gene&lo^es.** It Is not a mere collection of names and dates, bnt a book of 
faniily-histDrj', adding to previous Information many new facts which have 
lH?i*u obtained abroad, as well as in this couiitr.v. The book will be of great 
and ever-increasing Interest to present and future generations of the fanilllea 
speclHed, and their allies, and also valuable to gejiealoj^ts, antiquaries, aad 
historians, in general. The work comprises monographs on the families of 
McCoidy, Mitchell, Lord, Lyude, Digby, Newdigate, Willoughby, Griswold, 
Wolcott, Pitltin, Ogden, Johnson, Blodatl, Lee, and Marvin; with notes, more 
or less full, on the families of BTichanau, Parmelee, Boardman. Lay, Hoc, 
Locke, Col«, DeWolf, Drake, Bond, Swayne, Dunbar, and Clarke, The text. 
Indexes, and armorial bearings, accompanied by thirty-one large folded pedigree 
charts, on bond paper, will be in three volumes, large 4to. The edition is of 
three hundred copies, of which nearly two-thirds have been sold or otherwise 
appropriated. Mr. and Mrs. Salisbury will give further information, on ap* 

GENEAI.OGIE8 IN PHEPARATtoN.— Persotts of the sevcral names are advised to 
furnish the compilers of these genealogies with records of their own families 
and other information which they think may be useful. We would suffgrest that 
all facts of interest illustrating family history or character be cominunlcii ted, 
especially service under the U. S, government, the holding of other offices, 
graduation from college or professional schools, occupation, with places and 
dates of births, marriages, residence and death. When there are more than one 
christian name they should all be given in full If possible. No Initials should 
be used when the full names are known. 

ChuU'. By William E. Chute of Swampscott, Mass.— This famUy la de- 
scended from Lionel Chute, who settled at Ipswich, Mass., and was the first 
8ch*K>lmastcr in that town. His English pedigree is printed in the Rkoister, 
vol. 13, pp. l2a-4. Persons by the name of Chute and those descended from 
that family should send in their records early. 

Knapp.—By Charles R. Knapp, 135 West 41st Street, New York city. 

Ladd. By the Hon. Warr(?n Ladd of New Bedford, Mass. — Mr. Ladd's 
genealogy of this family will include descendants of Daniel Ladd of Haverhill, 
Mass., Joseph Ladd of Portsmouth, S. I., John Ladd of Burlington, N* J*, and 
John Ladd of Charles City County, Va. Of the descendants of Daniel, he has 
over 35tX) names. The book will be published by E. Anthony i^ Sons, New Bed- 
ford, Mass, It will make about 300 octavo pages, and will be fully indexed, 
printed on good paper, with clear type, anil will be well bound. The subscrip- 
tion price is $3, which will barely cover the co^t of printing and binding, 
edition will be limited. 



Kew-Englanb Historic Genealogical Societt. 

Botton, Masmchusi'tt$, Wediii'sdnfj, Octohrr 2, lS90.—k stated meeting was 
held tliis afternoon at half pa.^t three o*clock, the president, Abner C- Goodell. 
Jr., A.M., in the chair. In the alistiucc of the recording secretary, Mr. Walter 
K. Watkina was chosen secretary pro lem. 

Kev. Henry A. Hazen, Edmund T. Eastman, M.D., and William B. Trask, 
A.M., were appointed a committee to prepare rejiolntiona of the death of Hon. 
Frederick Billings. 

The rest of the afternoon was devoted to general business. 

Wtdne*day^ November 5,—\ stated meeting was hold at 3 o'clock, P,M., 
president Goodell in the chair. 

Thomas Cushing, A.M., of Boston, read a paper on "The Evolution of the 
School Reading-Book." 

The president then introduced the Hon. Henry Baruard, LL.D.» of Hartford, 
Conn., who made a short address on "The Geueais and History of the New 
England Primer." 


Societies and their Proceedings. 


The report of tlie Wstorlographer, Hamilton Andrews Hill, A.M., was read. 
The following members have died since the last meeting.— ReT. William Flxilllpa 
TUden, A.M., Moses C. Warren and Lebbeus Stetson. 

Maine Historical Society. 

Portland, Thursday, November 20, IS 90.— A quarterly meeting was held this 
aftemooa and erening in Baxter Building. 

The afternoon session began at 2.30, the president, James Fhlnney Baxter, in 
the chair. 

Hubbard Winalow Brya-nt, the librarian and cabinet keeper, made his semi- 
annual report of accessions. 

The death of two members, Mr. Kdward H. Elwell and Ron. Williiim Goold, 
were announced. S. T. Pickard was invited to prepare a memoir of Mr. Elwell, 
and Mrs. Abba Goold Woolaoo, daughter of Mr. Goold, was invited to write a 
memoir of him. 

The secretary read an luterestinjEr historical sketch of the Building of Fort 
Richmond on the Kennebec River, a paper coutributed by Dr. John F. Frftit. 

Biographical sicetchea of WlUiam H. Smith by Key. William fl, Hayden; of 
Samuel Denny by Parker M. Read; and George W. Dyer by Llewellyn Deane, 
were read. 

Hon. Joseph Williamson read a paper entitled, *• Some Account of Sir John 
Moore at Castine," that distinguished man having sened as a liinitinmnt in the 
British Army on the Penobscot. Capt. Henry Mowflt» who bonibiirded Falmouth 
now Portland in 1775, was commander of the English fleet which coriperated 
with the army on this occasion. Judge Williamson stated that a volume written 
by Mowat, being a memorial of Ms servicea to the crown, was believed to be 
in existence, but a search of several years for It had been unauccessful. Presi- 
dent Baxter then said that he too had for years been trying to find the book and 
that at last be had succeeded, and it was now in bis possession, having arrived 
tliat day by the noon train. It had been found in the Shetland Islands, where 
Mowat's family resided, and was purchased by a collector of Edinburgh. It 
would be exhibited in the evening. 

An elegant oaken cabinet for the preservation of records, relics and other 
material relating to the town of Bnxton. a present from Mr. Edward Woodman, 
in memory of his father, the late Mr. Cyrus Woodman, was received. 

Mr. George C- Burgess read a commnniration from the Maine Genealogical 
Society, asUng concerted action in an effort to supply the missing records of 
Falmouth and Portland from 1773 to 1786. It was voted to act with that society. 

The evening session began at 7.30. Before the meeting the Mowat manu- 
script was examined by the members. The book is entitled, *' A Relation of the 
Services of Capt. Henry Mowat, of the Royal Navy, in wMcbhe was engaged in 
America from 1759 to 1783.'' 

After the meeting was called to order the Rev. Ephraim Chamberlain Cum- 
miogs read an Interesting paper on the late Rev. Dr. John J. Carmthers. 

Maine Genealogicai. Society. 

Portland, Monda}/, November 24, 1890.— A meeting was held thla evening In 
the rooms of the Historical Society. 

The principal business was the consideration of the plan heretofore prcseo ted 
for filling the gaps in the Falmouth records from 1773 to 1786, The committee 
appointed at the laat meeting to consider this subject was continued. They 
wiU make an effort to supply the place of these lost records, and will soon issue 
letters directed to town clerks, societies and Individuals, soliciting records or 
facta relating to events In Falmouth or Portland in the years 1773 to 1786. 
George C. Burgess, city clerk, Portland, Maine, will take charge of whatever ia 
entrusted to him for the society. The committee hope to have the assistance 
of kindred societies. 

Stephen M. Watson, the librarian, read an account of the papers left to the 
Bociety by the lat« Isaac Cobb. 

Rhode Island Historical Society* 

ProHdeneg, Tuegday, July 1, 1S90. — A qnarterly meeting was held at three 
o'clock this aftemooD, the president, Gen. Horatio Rogers, in the chair. 



■t Necrology ofEUtorie Genealogical Socteltf. [Jan. ] 


Amos Perry, the Ubrftrian, amde a quarterly report of donatloosw NLoety i 
volunies, 258 pamphlets and 60 other articles have been received aa g^tt», 

Wilfred H. Munroe, chairman of a special committee appointed In April, \ 
reported that in answer to their petition the Old Colony Railroad had glTco the 
name of Hampden Meadows to a station in Barrinj^n to commemorate the visit 
of Edward Wiujilow and ''one Master Jolin Hampden " to this regrion in 1623» 

William B, Ely, In behalf of the committee on the commemoration, on the 29tli 
of May last, of the centenary of the adoption of the federal consiltution by tho 
jtate of Rhode Island, reported a reaolution of thanks to the several orators and 
Bibers who took part In the celebration. The resolution was adoptedt and 1000 
Copies of the proceedings on that occasion were ordered to be printed. 

A committee was appointed to ask of the City Council that the Hopkins Bnrlol 
Ground be converted into a public park, and 'that a monnment be erected In tt 
to the memory of Admiral Hopkins, who Is buried in the burial {jroand. 

The presidt'iit announced the death, since the last quarterly meeting', ot two 
distinguished members, — Ex. Gov. Elisha Dyer (the senior member of tht| 
society) and Ex. Gov. WQliam W. Boppin- 

Tiie$dwf, Octobtr 7. — A quarterly meeting was held thla evening, Presidetit 
Rogers in the chair. 

The librarian made his quarterly report of donations, namely, 281 volomea, 
«98 pamphlets and 110 other articles. 

The president, as chairman of the committee appointed In July, reported that 
the prospect of securing a monument in honor of Commodore Esek Hopkins 
aud a public park on a part of hia homestead, waa good. 

October 21, — The flrst of the course of fortnightly meetings this season Tiraa 
held this evening in the society's cabinet in Waterman Street. Two papert 
were read, calculated to throw light on Rhode Island's part iu bringing on the 
revolutionary war. The flrst paper, by Prof. J. F. Jameson of Brown Univer- 
sity, was entitled : ♦* New documents respecting the aflWr of the Gaspee." The 
documents wore obtained in England by Prof. Jameson. The other paper waa 
by Ama^a M» Eaton, and wa.s entitled: ^* The Burning of the Gaspee — waa It 
justlflable?" Abstracts of these papers are printed in the Pwvid€nc4i Journal ^ 
Oct. 20, 1890. 

November 4. — The second fortnightly meeting was held this evening, In the 
cabinet on Waterman Street. Rev. Edw^ard G, Porter of Lexington, Maas., read 
a paper on *' John Eliot and his Indian Bible," 

Old CoLONir TIistorical Society, 

Tannton, Mass., Tuesday^ October 21, ISBO.^k quarterly meeting was held 
this evening in Historical Hall, the Rev. William L. Chaffln* Vice-President, In 
the chair, 

Mrs. Harriet C. Pnlslfer, of Auburn, Me., a descendant of several Taunton 
families, read a paper on '*The Southern Indians. '^ 

Capt. John W. D, Hall, the Librarian, made his quarterly report of donations 
to the library and cabinet. The books presented were numerous and valuable. 
Among the relics was the mahogany desk and book case of Gen. David Cobb, 
presented to him by Gen. Henry Jackson, who commanded the famous *' Boston 
Regiment" in the revolutionary war, of which n^glmeut Gen. Cobb was 
lieutenant colonel; also the military coat of Gen. Cobb, an aid to Wasliingtou; 
both centenary memorials from hit* grandson, Hon. Samuel C Cobli of BoMton. 
Another valuable relic was the *' Carved Stone Cherub" from the tower of St. 
James Church In Taunton, England. The Church was built in 1480, and re- 
moved for rebuilding twenty years ago. The relic was presented to the society 
by Mr. Jebault. 


Bir.hmond, Saturday, Nov. J, 1390. — A meeting of the exccntlve committee 
was held in the society's rooms, Westmoreland Club House, Vice-President 
Henry In the chair. 

A photograph of the Coostltution of Virginia, proposed by Thomas Jefferson 
in the Virginia Convention of ITTti — a document until recently supposed to be 
lost — presented by Mr. C&ssius F. Lee^ Jr., of Alexandria, was exhibited. The 

1891.] N'ecrology of Hiatoric Gtnealogtcal Society. 


dt>cnjueiit was labelled by Jefferson, ** A bill for the new modelllnir of the 
fonii of government and for eslabllghiiig the f nndametital principles thereof in 
future/* Other vahiable cloaations were reported by Mr. Brock the librarian. 


Prepiircd by HAHiLTOiff Andrkws Hill, A.M., Historiographer of the Society. 

The Historiographer wou!d inform the Society, that the sketches pre- 
pared for the Register are ntjcessarily brief in consequence of the limited 
space which can he appropriated. All the facta, however, which can be 
gathered are retained in the Archives of the Society, and will aid in more 
extended memoirs for which the ''Towne Memorial Fund," the gift of the 
late William B. Tovvne, m provided. Four volumes, printed at the charge 
of this fuod, entitle*! "Mi:MORrAL Biographies," edited by the Commit- 
tee on MemoriaJSf have been issued. They contain memoirs of all the 
members who have died from the organization of the societj to the year 
1862. A fifth volume is in preparaiioD. 

WnxiAM AiA'ORD BimiCE, Esq*, of Lowell, Mass., a life member, died at 
Lowell, May 28, 1HH7, lu his 76th year. He was a sou of Benjamin* and Rfixana 
(Alvord) Burke, and was bom at Windsor, Vt., July 7, 1811. He was a de- 
■cendant in the 0th g:eneration from Richard' Burke of Sndbnry, Mass.. who died 
•bout l«9:i-4. by wife Mary Pamienter; through Richard* and 'wife Abigail Saw- 
tell ; Jonathan* and wife Thankful Walt ; Solomon* and wife Keztah Benjamin ; 
aud Benjamin,* bis father above named. 

He attended the academy at Windsor, kept by Mr. Joslah Dnnham, with the 
Intention of receiving a collegiate cHlucation; but in May, 182C, his parents re- 
moved to Dnnstabte, N. H.» now the city of Nashua. This with other circum- 
stances led him to give up the intention. William in Decornl>er of that year 
entered the machine shop of the Nashua Manufacturing Company as an appren- 
tice to the machtnist'a trade. After llnishing his apprenticesbip. he worked at 
hia trade in Nashua, — except a part of the years 1829 and 1830, when he was 
employed In the machine shop of the Locks and Canals in Lowell»— until Jan- 
QAry, 1884, when he removed to North Chelmsford, Mass. In this place he 
had charge of a machine shop owned by Messrs. Ira Gay & Co., of Nashua, 
N. H., till March, I83e], when he became master mechnnlc at the Boott Cottoa 
Mills in Lowell. The agent of the mills was Mr. B. F. French. In October, 
1839, he removed to Manchester, N. H., and took the agency of the Amoskeag 
Manufacturing Company's machine shop, which had just been erected in that 
place. He put in operation these works and had direction and charge of them 
until April, 1845. when he returned to Lowell and became superiutt'odeat of the 
Lowell Machine Shop, a corporation that had just been organized and had pur- 
cluised the machine shop and some other property of the •' Proprietors of Locks 
and Canals on Merrimack River." He held this situation seventeen years, nntll 
April, 1862, when he became the agent of the Boott Cotton Mills of Lowell, 
Mass. Mr. Burke continued as agent of these mills until 1868, making great 
alterations and Improvements In them, and putting the entire plant on a Arm 
financial basis. 

In 1868 he assumed the treasureahlp of the Tremont Mills and Suffolk Manu- 
facturing Company, both of Lowell, Mass. He remained here for two years, 
lud in 1570 was elected assistant treasurer of the Great Falls Manufacturing 
Company, of Great Fulls, N. H., and of the Dwlght Manufacturing Company, 
<jf rt.i,.. ,»>... . Af*i^s. ; for about six years he devoted his time principally to the 
r >th these plants. In 1876 Mr. Burke was electeil Treasurer of 

lb line Shop, and continued until 1884 to fill the position accept- 

ably, when owing to the Inilrmlties of age he resigned. 

96 Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. [Jan. 

Besides the positions mentioned above, Mr. Bnrke was director In many cor- 
porations, and his advice was often sooght after In matters relating to their 

Mr. Burke was twice married: first at Bedford, N. H., Jnne 6th, 1887, 
to Catherine, daughter of John and Amy (Nevlns) French, who died 
March 7th, 1870, by whom he had children : — 1, EUen Maria (died young) ; 2, 
Catherine Elizabeth ; 8, William French (died young) ; 4, Annie Alvord ; 6, 
Edward Nevlns. Married second, to Elizabeth Mary Derby, June 4th, 1878, 
who survives him. 

He was admitted a member of this society September 4, 1858. The Burke 
and Alvord Memorial, published In 1864, was compiled for him by Mr. John A. 
Boutelle, and was printed at his expense. j. w. d. 

John Eolington Bailet, F.S.A., was bom at Edgbaston, Birmingham, 
England, February 13, 1840. When he was quite young his family removed 
Into Lancashire, and he was educated at the old Botcler Free Grammar School 
at Warrington. From an early age he displayed an Interest In historical sub- 
jects ; and, In after years, although actively engaged In business In Manchester 
during the greater part of the day, Mr. Bailey found time In the evening for an 
amount of reading and research which enabled him to produce a quantity of 
work characterize by unusual accuracy and thoroughness. lid took an 
especial Interest In the lives of the Lancashire ministers of religion In the 17th 
century, and probably knew more of that branch of local history than any other 
writer. Possessed of an excellent library of the literature of the 16th and 17th 
centuries, archaeological works, and local histories, which he knew how to use 
to advantage, and having fonned a valuable collection of manuscripts bearing 
on the history of Lancashire, Mr. Bailey was able to edit four volumes of the 
" Palatine Note Book*' In a manner which may well serve as a model for other 
periodicals of a similar nature. But the work he will best be remembered by Is 
the "Life of Dr. Thomas Fuller," published In 1874, and now exceedingly 
scarce; a thick otavo volume of great Interest and much originality, which 
makes the reader regret that Its author was not longer spared to continue the 
work for which he was so eminently fitted. Mr. Bailey was elected a Fellow 
of the Society of Antiquaries of London, 13 January, 1876, and a corresponding 
member of the New-Eugland Historic Genealogical Society, May 17. 1883; he 
was an active member of most of the local antiquarian societies, a not Infre- 
quent contributor to periodical literature, and was for several years the Honor- 
ary Secretary of the Clietham Society. Declining health, due in a great meas- 
ure to his indefatigable labors, terminated iu his death on the 23rd of August, 
1888. (Com.) 

Brevet Major-General Adin Ballou Underwood, A.B., a life member, 
admitted to the Society, Nov. 4, 1865, died at Boston, Mass., January 14, 1888, 
aged 59. He was the eldest child of Brig.-Gen. Orison and Mrs. Hannah Bond 
(Cheney) Underwood of Milford, Mass., and was born in that town, May 19, 
1828. He was the 8th generation In descent from Joseph' Underwood, an early 
settler of Hingham, Mass. , afterwards of Watertown, tlirough Joseph.* Joshua,* 
Joseph,* David,* Joseph* and Orison^ Underwood, his father. When seventeen 
years old he entered Brown University, where he was graduated in 1849. He 
studied law first with Hon. Charles R. Train, Framlngham, then at tlie Law 
School of Harvard University, and then with Judge B. F. Thomas at Worcester, 
after which, 1852-3, he spent one year In Europe, the summer months at Heidel- 
berg and the winter months at Berlin, attending lectures on jurisprucience. He 
was admitted to the bar of Worcester County in Nov. 1853, and commenced 
practice at Milford, and was for a few years associated with H. B. Staples. 
About 1856, he formed a partnership with Hon. Charles R. Train in Boston, 
which continued till the war for the preservation of the Union broke out. He 
then resided In Newton, and was among the most active in encouraj^ing re- 
cruiting In that town. In May, 1861, he accepted a commission as Captain in 
the Second Massachusetts regiment commanded by Col. George H. Gordon, and 
left the state with this regiment the 8th of July. In 1862, he was coninilssioned 
as Major of the 33d regiment, and the same year was promoted to the rank of 
lieutenant-colonel. In April, 1863, he was commissioned as colonel of the regi- 
ment. He commanded it at the battle of Gettysburg. The regiment was soon 

Booh Niaticet. 


after trftn&ferred to the army of the Cumberland anrl took part In the battle of 
Lookout Mountaio, where Colonel Utulerwood was dangerously wounded. For 
hii* bravery he was raisod. Jan. 13, 18«>3. to the rank of brigadier-general. His 
wonnds, which made him a cripple for life» were alow in healing, bnt on hia re- 
covery he Went a^^ain into active sersice, and Au^st 13, 1865, was comrai«- 
•ioned as brevet raajor-iieneral ** for meritorious aervice durlng^ the war." He 
WES mustered out July 10, 1866. 

On his return fmm the war he waa appointed, in 1866, Surveyor of the Port of 
Botitou, and held the position twenty years till July, HJtfG. From that time till 
hta d«'nth, he devoted himself to the practice of the law Id partnership with Ma 
uon Willinm O. Underwood, and to literary work. 

He married at Went Newton, June 6, 1856, Miss Jane L. Walker. They had 
three children: — 1, Amy; 2, Anna; 3, William Urisou. — j, w. D. 

John Kimball Rogkrs, Esq.^ of Brookline, a resident member, died in that 
town January 27, 1888, aged 67. He was a son of Daniel W, and Betsey 
(KirahttU) Rogers, and was bom in Gloucester, Ma*is., January 31, 1821. When 
a hi^y he came to lioatou and served as a clerk in several establiHliments. About 
J|B4d4 he became connected with the lioston Type Foundry as hookkt^L-per, and 
Ib 1852 he a!<:^umed Its agency. The next year, in counet^ion with Edward 
Pclouze and David Watson, Jr., he purchased the Foundry, and carried on 
bualuesH under the Arm of John K. Hoji^ers & Co. In 1871, the 13o;iton Type 
Foundrj- wa^* incorporated and 3Ir. Rogers made treasurer and a^ieutt wliich 
pH0>»itiou& he filled till hii* death. He was *' devoted to his husiiu<\ss, and it was 
his continued efforts that bronjfht the type foundry to its present position. A 
sound )}Uiilnes8 man, thorutigh in all his methods, he had all the quaUilcatlons 
for material success, w*hile Ms fondness for literature and for the line arti* dis- 
played a relined ta-ste that brought much enjoyment to himwelf and to hia 
friends. For three or four years he wa^* selectman of Brookline. In hits earlier 
years Mr. HogerH was an offlcer of the Boston City Guards. He was AAlndited 
to membership in this Society Oct. 7, 14*58, 

He was twice married; tVrst to Sarah M. Niles, daughter of Thomas N ilea. 
January 31, 1854. She died April 11, 1862. His second wife wil-^ Mary P. 
Thompson, daughter of John Thompson. She survives hLiu with three children 
of his fijTst wife, Frank, Sasao and Sarah M. Rogers. — J. w. d. 


The editor requests persona sending buoics for notice to itate, for the {nfbrmadoQ of 
readers, the price of each hook, with ttte amount to be added for poiiege when sent by 

im Cuiqu€. John Dickinson the Author of the Declaration, on Taking up Arms 
in 1775. By Gkohgk H. Mooiie, LL.D. Superintendent of the Lenox Lib- 
rary. With a fac-*iimile from the Original Draft- Nevv York: Priutv^d for 
the Author. 18yO. Royal 8vo. pp. 55. Price $1. 

•* John Dickinson had no superior in the highest rank of the advocates of his 
country's rights during the period of the Revolution," says Dr. Moore in the 
work before us, reatl as a paper before the New York Historical Society , June 
eth, 1882. 

The mrdn object which Dr. Moore had in view in preparing this paper and in 
now layliiij it before Ids countrymen in |>rint, was to invontigate tlie subject and 
decide upon the autliorshlp of •• A Declaration by the Respresentativoa of the 
UnlU'd Colonies of North America now met in General Congress at Philadelphia, 
trHltSff forth the Causes and Necessity of their taking up Arms," reported by a 
iMfl^ttttee t»f which Dickinson was a member, and adopted by Congress in the 
saamierof 1775* At tliat time Dickinson was reputed to be Its author- The 
** Declaration " was included iu his Political Writings In two volumes published 
In 1801. Three years later, in asserting his claim to another paper in that col- 
Irctlou, Dickinson wrote: " Every one of these writings was composed by me." 

For more than half a century, Dickinson enjoyed the nndisputed credit of 
being the sole author* In 1829, the " Memoirs, Correspondence and Private 

98 Book Notices. [Jan. 

Papers of Thomas Jefferson ** were published. In the memoir, which he began 
writing in 1821, at the age of 77, Jefferson gives the date of his taking tiis seat 
in Congress, which was on the 21st of June, 1776. He then adds : *' On the 24th 
a committee which had been appointed to prepare a declaration of the causes of 
taking up arms, brought in their report (drawn I believe by J. Rutledge) which 
not being liked, the House recommitted it on the 26th, and added Mr. Dickinson 

and myself to the committee I prepared a draught of the Declaration 

committed to us. It teas too strong for Mr. Dickinson. He still retained the 
hope of reconciliation with the mother country, and was unwilling it should be 
lessened by offensive statement. He was so honest a man, and so able a one, 
that he was greatly indulged even by those who could not feel his scruples. We 
therefore requested him to take the paper, and put it into a form that he could 
approve. He did so, preparing an entire new statement and preserving of the 
former only the last four paragraphs and half of the prbcedixq onk. We 
approved and reported it to Congress who accepted it." For another half a cen- 
tury — till 1882 when Dr. Moore liad his paper — this later statement was received 
as tnie. In the work before us the author examines the question as to the 
authorship of this document. With his usual thoroughness. Dr. Moore brings 
together a mass of facts bearing upon the question. After reading the evidence 
produced in these pages, it seems obvious to me that Dickinson was the sole 
author of the production, and that the claim of Jefferson is preposterous. As a 
final evidence, Dr. Moore, when he read his paper before the New York His- 
torical Society, produced the original manuscript of the " Declaration ** In 
Dickinson's own handwriting, which had been preserved in the archives of that 
society. Upon tliis he remarks : 

" I am well aware of the danger of attempting to determine the authorship of 
a paper, intended for the public, from the handwriting in which the manuscript 
appears — unless the proofs are patent that it came from him whose thoughts 
and expressions it records. In this case there is no room whatever for doubt. 
The suggestion of imitation or forgery is excluded. No person but the author 
himself ever had any hand in the preparation of this document. It is in the hand- 
writing of John Dickinson, and these corrections, additions, interlineations, 
revisions, in number, extent, position and character, forbid the supposition that 
he copied any portion of this paper from a draft by Mr, Jett'erson, or any other 
person. It is the original first draft of the whole, and the proof of it is in no 
portion of the whole more conspicuous and certain than in the ' latft- four 
paragraphs and half of the preceding one ' claimed as liis own i>y Jefferson — in 
his old age — and accorded to him without doubt or hesitation ever since." A 
reduced fac-slmile, by Bierstadt, of the manuscript is appended to Dr. Moore's 

Mr. Dickinson's fame as a patriot and an author is ably vindicated in these 
pages. As the author of the " Farmer's Letters," the " Liberty Song," and 
otlier writings, he won a high reputation in Revolutionary times; and Dr. 
Moore's paper shows that it was well deserved. 

A valuable Appendix is added. 

Economic and Social History of New England, 1620-1789. By William B. 

Weedkn. In two volumes. Boston and New York : Houghton, Mifflin and 

Company, The Riverside Press, Cambridge. 1890. 2 vols. Crown 8vo. 

Vol. I. pp. XV. 4-447; Vol. 11. pp. xiv. 4-517. Price (^4.50. 

We were aware that Mr. Weeden had devoted years of patient research to the 
preparation of his Economic and Social History of New England, but until we 
saw it in |)rint we had no adequate appreciation of its extraordinary value and 
importance. It is a mine of information, an encyclopedia of facts and statistics 
essential to a proper understanding of the commercial and social life of New 
England from 1620 to 1789, and includes in Its wide range many subjects that have 
either been strangely neglected by other writers, or are found only in fragmen- 
tary form in many difi'erent volumes. As we read the chapters on the Formation 
of the Community and the Opening of Commerce, we were impressed with the 
author's happy treatment of these themes, and with his historical scholarship. 
Had there been nothing else of merit in the work we should have commended it, 
because of these chapters, but as we read further and found that these were but 
samples of others of equal or even greater value, we awoke to a realizing sense 
of what Mr. Weeden has done for American history. The chapters relating to 


Book Notices, 


the BritUh and colonial attempts to regii^ate trade to the New-EnglaTid curren- 
cy, and to the commerce at diflVrtmt epoihs, are entitled to special meiition. 
Mr. Weeden luduljjoa in no fluttering lyeneralitles, bat cites his anthoritiea, and 
In commercial matters often takes his facts from the r€f;ord bonks of the mer- 
chants of the period. We have reviewed many hlHt*)rical works, and for the 
it time remark tiiat the subject of the uotice is indispeusftble to a well-equip- 
Ubrai^. There is a good Index and the Tolumea arc printed in the best 

Jiy GtoTffe Kuhn Clarke^ LL,B»t Needham, Mast. 

, Thf Dates of VaHauslif'Shaped Shields, wUh CQinddent Dates and Examples. By 
Gbokoe Gillz£BR0Ok» F.S.A. Liverpool: Printed for Private Circalatlon. 
1890. Crown 8vo. pp. 92. 
This book is an enlorgemcDt of A paper read before the Historic Society of 

icashire ami Cheshire. 
The Une of inquiry in this book has never before been attempted. The author 
is a proficient in the history of Heals, the result of forty years' atudy and re- 
•earch; and he has nearly completed for publication ao elaborate "Corpus 
Sis^illorum," which will '' bring together In one view a larpe nnmber of English 
[Seals of each century for the eye to rest upon and so to comprehend the various 
[^yles at dilTerent dates." 

*• It seems desirable," says the author in bis preface, " that a classified body 

snch kuowledfce should be drawn up and available — enBl>llng us to date with 

>me certainty (within the limit of a few years) seals pendant to undated 

rtera. stone carvings on ancient bnlldings, and Illustrations in MSS., which 

»0ow labelled ' circa."* The volume before us, thouj;h small in sixe, contains 

»enre of his lonjf and laborioiiH research. In it "each century from the 

r«Jth to the flfti?enth is separately dealt with. After that date," "the author 

s, *'the nomenclature of Bhlelds devised by my friend, Mr. J. I'anl I^y lands, 

.A., la followed, and the earliest and latej^t examplrH found of each shape 

Iduced— thus showing the range of time when the variety was most commonly 

use. Keferences are given for every statement. Mantllugs. torces, wreaths, 

branches and other adjuncts are discussed under their Heveral headings — 

ith descriptions and dates of any varieties found." This book will be 

leful to antiquaries, who will find Iiere aids to research which are nowhere else 

be obtained. The book has a good index. 

We take this opportunity to call attention to the larger work of the author, his 
•* Corpus Sigillornm/' and to advise our readers to send in their subscriptions at 
ict», so that he may be able to put it to press at an early date. The price to 
ibscribera will be thirty shillings. It will form a bulky volume, and it will 
[retiuire a large list of subscribers to cover the expense, We quote from the 
kpc^ctaa : 

What the author contemplates would show perhaps fifty selected character- 
tic seals for each century from the eleventh to the seventeenth, displayed to 
of date. So large a number would not be needed at tlic earliest or latest 
(, but for some of the periods a greater number ought to be given. Students 
jet together snch collections in tracings and drawings— as the labor of 
I; and It is feared very few have perscverauce enough to carry out fully 
aim ; but wUliout such exact data conclusions must ]ye guess-work." Mr. 
Iraxebrook ha^ snch a collection for his own use, and knows from experience 
rhat a great advantage it is. 

'This proposed well-illustrated book would not only be most valuable and 

istructive to the antiquary, it would also possess a far wider and general 

itt!rest, because the*ie are the highest specimens of Art remaining to us of 

>e early times in which they were made. Seals at all dates are the results of 

le greatest skill and care to be procured, according to the owner's means; and 

ly of them are masterpieces, both of design and ex*K!ution. They display 

the whole career of Art : the simplicity of early times, gradually developing and 

culminating in the perfection of the fourteenth century ; to be followed by 

overloaded designs, beautified by exquisite workmaosJiip, at the end of the 


*• Such a pictured History of Art could not fall to be Interesting and attractive 
to many who would not care to study the subject from a strictly antliiuarlan 
point of view. This large collection'of engravings would be accompanied by 
VOL. XLV. 10 

100 Book I^otices. [Jan. 

explanations giving an account of most of the seals, the origin of their decora- 
tions, and other particulars involving a considerable amoont of genealogical 
Mr. Grasebrook's address Is, *< Oak Hill Park, near Liverpool, England.** 

The Antiquities of the StaU of Ohio, Full and Accurate Descriptions of the Works 
of the Mound Builders; Defensive and Sacred Inelosures; Mounds, CemeterieSt 
and Tombs, and their Contents; Implements, Ornaments, Sculptures, etc. 
Diustrated with maps, plans, vietps and relics. By Henrt A. Shepherd. 
Cincinnati : Robert Clarke & Co. 1890. 4to. Cloth, pp. 139. Price $2.00. 
This reprint, from the popular History of the State of Ohio, by the Hon. 
Henry A. Shepherd, is chiefly a description of the wonderful ancient remains 
within the limits of that great state, concerning whose builders history is silent, 
even to their names. Each of the six chapters is devoted solely to the descrip- 
tion of a single class of these works. Following the dictum of the wise and 
philosophic Warburton, that *• human nature will, under the same circum- 
stances, without any help, exhibit the same appearances,*' each chapter con- 
cludes with a few brief remarks upon the purposes and objects of these con- 
structions, commonly accepted among archaeologists. No absolute conclusions 
are asserted. In our baffled ignorance, It alone appears clear that vast labors 
were expended, which must have required a steady and plentiful subsistence, 
which only an extensive and productive agriculture could have maintained. 
That all this was possible without a considerable attainment in civilization 
seems incredible. These are not the public works of primitive savages. They 
evidence skill and no low order of rude Intelligence. The gratitude of scholars 
is due the careful and competent author who, here, places upon record, with 
illastrative maps, plans and views, the condition of these mounds in the present 
generation. All Interested In ethnological or archaeological studies will find in 
this volume one of the most important repositories of American contribution. 
By George A. Gordon, A.M., of Somerville, Mass. 

Southern Historical Society Papers. Vol. XVII. Edited by R. A. Brock, Secre- 
tary of the Southern Historical Society. Richmond, Va. : Published by the 
Society. 1889. 8vo. pp. 441. 

This collection of the Southern Historical Society is so largely devoted to 
the ceremonies attendant upon the erection of the monument to General Lee 
that it is called "Lee Monument Memorial Volume." Besides placing upon 
record the entire history of the inception, execution and dedication of the Lee 
monument, the volume opens with the address last November before the annual 
meeting of the Southern Surgical and Gynaecological Association, by its Presi- 
dent, Dr. Hunter McGuire, LL.D., who served during the war as the medical 
director of the 2d (Stonewall Jackson) Corps of the Army of Northern Vir- 
ginia. This is followed by the address before the Survivors' Association of 
Confederate Surgeons, at Columbia, S. C, also last November, by Dr. Peyre 
Porcher, A.B. A very valuable and interesting paper upon the Race Problem 
at the South, delivered at the National Cemetery, at Memphis, on Memorial 
Day, 1889, will attract attention by its boldness. Other addresses upon sub- 
jects of historical interest at the South, with lists of Confederate garrisons 
placed under fire, on Morris Island, in 1864, a roster of surviving general offi- 
cers of the Confederate Army, and a copious index complete a volume, pregnant 
with matter otherwise unattainable, and indispensable to the correct apprecia- 
tion of events, of which they were part and parcel. 
By George A. Gordon, A.M., of Somerville, Mass. 

Index to Davy*8 Suffolk Collections. By Geobob Gatfieli> of the British 

Museum. 8vo. pp. 33. 

Davy's Suffolk Collections in the British Museum have long been known to 
genealogists, and Mr. Gatfleld has done a good service in preparing this index 
of them. The manuscripts, he informs us, are arranged alphabetically and make 
forty-three volumes. They are among the "Additional Manuscripts," and are 
numl)ered 19,114 to 19,156. They were compiled by David Elisha Davy, and 
consist of pedigrees of Suffolk families and of families connected with that 
county, with genealogical and biographical notes. As many of our New-Eng- 
land emigrants came from Suffolk, the book will be of much assistance to 
American genealogists in their researches. 


Book Notices, 


Artfan Suu'^f^/ths the OrUjin of Relu/ionB. By.»S^AH E- Titcomb, Airtlior of 
•'Early New England l*tH>ple,'* etc. Willi lin ^ In trodiKtion by i'HAitLBa' 
MoiiRiH, Author of ''The Aryau Race," etc. iVostnn : Published by the 
Author. 83 Piuckoey Street. 12mo. pp. 192, witlx >l^p{Vei](j|Lx and Notes' In 
cloth, price 81.25. / : /. 

Here Is a vcri' ingeninnei aiMl apparetitly succes:^fQl attH^inVto provt* the close 
9tnillarity of the traditi<»iia of the aneient religions of Asia arnj^'otber parts of 
th«* Old and New Worlds, with the doetrines and incidents of the Clirlstinn re- 
llsrion. One hundred and twenty-eiarht ditferent anthorities have'TireXc^il'^'ilted, 
on a f^rcat variety of subjecrs, iiuludint;: worki* on the religions of (ucifa\ China, 
Per;*i«, I'hanilria. Oirtluio:*^, Habylon, IC^irypt. Ancient Greece, the hiiiinnn-of 
the American continent, and niaoy otheri* in which raiiwy of the instituticui^ ?ind^ 
trad ll tons of the Old Te-stament mul suine of the New Testament arc shown xo' 
have existed in a somewlint modified way in the other oriental faiths, 'fife 
antlior ha.s shoMn much industry and research in her work, which makes a very - 
Iut*'rt'»thj^ and rea<iable voluTue. 

By Oliver B. Siehbints, Emj., of Sovlh Boston^ Mass. 

TTi« Con fjrfi^ational Te'ir Bonk, 1S90. lanufd undfrthe Sarwiionofthf Nolinnal 
Coun*^H of (ht' CongrefjiKktual Churches of fhf. Umfed St^ift,^, h/ itk Puftfifthing 
CommiU<!e* Boston; Con^rejsratlonal Sunday School and Pnblishini? Society, 
1890. 8vo. pp. 4tJ4. Price ^i. To be purciiaj^ed of Kev\ II, A, Uazen. Co*i»- 
gr«-gttlloual Library, l Somerset St,, Boston, Mass. 

The editor of this worlc Ls the Rev. Henry A. Hazen, who lia** had charge of 
the annual i^aue» for several yi^ar^. It seems to us by far the b<*Ht of the Year 
Bodks iMsued by the various religious denominations in the United States. It 
cotltains. as istatcd in a leofxthy title-paja:e, '*The General Statistics* of the Con- 
grcg^ational Churches in the United States '' for the last prevloti.H year; an 
alphabetical list of the Congreffutional ministers, and of the ofl^cers and sitndcntai 
of Coiigrt'^rational theub);s;ieal jjieminaries; the annual record of changes; the 
vital 8tatiatlc-» of C«>ng^re^ational mlnlsterH decease<l in IHHli; statements of the 
National co-operative societies; the National and t^tate organizations of 
Chnn-hes; and other ndscoUaneous informiuion." 

This vobime is lar^jer than previous isaiue(*, an It contains the cjninquennial 
stiiT i .1 j. H ijf tlie denomination. The National Conncil recommended in IH77 titat 
t tics should be collected every tlve years, but this is the first time that 

li. een printed. They add to the value of the book. A section in the 

volume which will be found very eonveiiientf is an alphabetical list of Congre- 
gational ministers who have died in tlie last thirty-six year>, from 1854 to 1889 
lnchii><ive, belnjr an index to the annual obituaries published In the Con- 
g:n'gatii>nal tjnarterly and in the Hcveral >ear-bi»oks. 

Kev. Mr Hazen, the editor of this volume, is the secretary of the National 
Council of the Congrefjatlonal Churches of the United States, under wliose 
auspices the book has l)eea prepared and issued. He has done hla work 

ATrif Amsterdam, Xett Ovfinge, N^w YoTk, icUh chronological data. By Cuajiles 

W. Darlixu, Corresp«>ndlng Secretary of the Oiielda Hbtorical Society, N. Y, 

Privately printed, 188U. 8vo. pp. 43. 

This monograph ii» dlsjippointlnit because It in too short. It will, however, 

Imulate Interest (one fif the best result** wrought by a good WTlter) In re^iard 
to the history of the period treated of, and lead to further study aud research. 

The author's "Notes'* (as he modestly calls them) •' embrace the years be- 
tvveer\ the discovery of thLs laud by Hudson io 1609 and the recall of Gov. 
Wonter Van TwUler In 1G37." 

It b InterestlniK to observe that in 162*1 Gov. Minult purchased from the 
Indians the entire inland of JVlftuhattan, for the value of GO guilders, or about 
$24, of our present currency. The Colouy retainetl its name of New Amsterdam 
until the war between England and Holland in 1073, wlien a Dutch fleet recap- 
tured it, and the ollicers named it New^ Orange, in compliment to the Prince of 
Orange. It reUiitied this name but a j*bort time, for, iu 1074, a treaty was 
eoncluded between England aud Hollaud, aud the Engliah gave it the name of 
New York. 

The government of the Colony waa vested la a Governor and Council. 



Book' Vodcen, 


It had almost nnlimited {HWfeV^'for in It were combined the letB:i»latfTe> 
exocQtWe, and Judicial aQih'oHttl The people lived In & walled town, or rather 
fortified cainp, and striol^roHlttiry nile waa obaer^ed. 

Money, or at lea*it jd<imjjt* in oar use of the terra, waa acarce In the colony. 
The ifovernraent o31c^Es*Jwere paid In " Seawant," or beavenif e.g., owners of 
large vrv-^-i-j r-nr] OTiiaally to the city "one beaver" for the privilege of 
anchoring rfior duriujc the winter. This aeawant, or sea wau, was the 

name of t . iiey, "It waa called also wampnm, and consisted of bt^ads 

formed ^^r.O^tr^hellM of »beU*lldh. It waA of two colors, the black beln^ con- 
aiderfil-jihluble the value of the white. Its current value was »lx bead** of the 
w biter t>% three of the black, for au Engliiih penny." The following proclama- 
XiOtn>f "Got. LoTelace, issued Dec. 10, lfi72, is a document too curious to be 
; •• Whereas It Is thought convenient, aiid neoeaaaiy, In obedience to his Sacred 
Majesty's Commands, who enjoynes all hia aubjects. In their distinct colonyea, 
Ui enter into a strict AUyance and Correspondence with each other, a:^ likewise 
for the advancement of Negotiation, Trade, and Ci\ill Commerce, and for a 
more speedy Intelligence and Dispatch of affayres, that a messenger or Post bee 
authorised to nett forth from this City of New Yorke, monthly, and thence to 
travaile to Bo*+ton, from whence within that month hee shall retnmo a^^aine to 
this City. Tlie^e are therefore to g^ive notice to all persona concerned, That 
on the lirst day of January next (1673) the mcaseuger appointed shall proceed 
on his Journey to Boston: If any therefore have any letters or tjmall portable 
good.s to bee conveyed to Hartford, Connecticott, Boston, or any other parts in 
the Road, they ghall bee carefully delivered according to the Directions by a 
fiwome Messenger and Post, who is purposely imployed in that .Atthyre; In the 
Interim those that l>ee dlspos'd to send Letters, lett thum bring theiu to the 
Secretiii7'B office, where \& a lockt Box they shall l>e preserv'd till the Mossenger 
Ciills for tliera. AU persons pnying the Pont before the Bagg be sealed up. 
Dated at New Yorke this 10th day of Dec. Ifi72." 

Allusion is made to ''The farm of Dominie Bogardus. colled the i?t»mi«i» 
JtoM«r*?r4>, the Duke'8 farm, the King's farm, the Queen*s farm, xxa it passed 
from one owner to another, became at length the property of Trinity Church by 
IcttcrB-patent under the seal of the province." 

Want of space forbids further extracts from this interesting work. 

B^ the Bev, Daniel Bollitis, of Millmlh, Maaa. 

The Original Mother Gooie'n Milody qm Firnt issued hff John Neteb^ry of London^ 

about A.D. 1760. Reproduced in fac-Hmile from the editwn a$ reprinted b)f 

Jaaiah Thomns ^f Warc^tteT, Ma*8,., about A.D. 1785. With Introductory AWm. 

By WtLiJAM H. WmTMORR. Albany: Joel Munsell's Sons. 1889. Small 

8vo. pp. 18+23. 

*' Few books In the English langtiage," says Mr. Whltmore in his preface* 
"have had so great and persistent circulation as the collection of Nursery 
Rhymes known as Mother Goose's Melody. In presenting a repriut of the ear- 
Beat known edition, some bibliographical notes may be in place. According to 
my present knowIe<lge, I feel sure that the origlnafnaiue Is merely a translation 
from the French; that the collection was first made for and by John Ne\vl)cry 
of London about A.D. 17*50; and that the grent popularity of the book is due 
to the Boston editions of Muuroe and Francis A.D. la^i-lSGO." 

In the Kecjistek for 1873 (pp. U4-G; ail-15) are several articles on the 
anthorship of Mother Goose's MekuHes. In the Qrst article Mr. Whitmore 
gives excellent rea,sons for disbelieving the story that the name Mother trtiose 
is of New Enjjhmd origin. 

In the pamphlet before lis are collected an array of facts relating to the 
book and the name. Mr. Whitmoro does not find the name Mother Goose In 
American nor in English literature at a very early date; but he finds its equiva- 
lent to be of considerable antiquity in the French language, "la M<&re Oye** 
being found in a poem bearing date 1650. The popularity of the name, however, 
dates from the publication. In l(lil7, of the nursery tales by Charles Perrault, 
entitled *• Histolrea ou Contcs du Terns Passe," also styled " Contes de ma m^re 
Poye." This work seems to have been translated into English by ttolx^rt 8am- 
hi'Ty and published as " Tales of Pasacd Times by Mother Uooae" as early aa 
1729, perhaps earlier. 



Book yoHcea* 


John Newbery. the London bookseller, ivhc died In 1767, famous as the pub- 
Usber of little story books for children^ Issut:! f,he or more editions of Mother 
Goose's TaU$. It bas not definitely been asc ^rlftncd wben the title •' Mother 
Goose's Meloiljf ** was first used, but Mr. Whitni<;ro thinks it originated with 
Newbery. Reasons are giren for believing that he.wa^ ^he orig^liml publisher 
of ** Mother Goose's Melody or Sonnets for the Cnidk,**oT wjilcli, tbotiji^h none 
of the early English editions are known to he extant, Mt , /\yiiIt.more has found 
ma American reprint of about 1785. This be reproduces In rac-s'^m^Ic in this 
pamphlet. Olirer Goldsmith was a writer for Newbery, and Mr. Whitiuore sug- 
gesta the posalhlllty that this famous '* Melody" was his work. ... 

The little book published by Mr. Thomas Is here reproduced by tt^^hoto- 
•lectFotype process, and the reader has before Mm an exact fac-slmlie ot it, 
with all* its cnriona wood cuts. , , , 

Mr. Whitmorc would be pleased to hear from those who have English copies 
of the book, or early copies of the editions pabllshed by Munroe and Francis. , 

The Lutheran M(m€ment in England during the Meigns of Henry VIII. and Ed- 
ward rz., and ita Literary Monuments. By Henky Eyster Jacobs, D.D., 
Korton Professor of Systematic Theology In the Theological Seminary of the 
KvangelicAl Lutheran Church in Philadelphia, etc. etc. Philadelphia: G. 
W. Frederick. 1890. 8vo. pp. 376. Price $2. 

The principal purpose of this book, as the preface declares^ is '*to promote 
Ik thorough understanding of the hi^storical relation of the Lutheran Church to 
the varlotts English-speaking commuuions In this country, whose course has 
been Influenced by the history of tlie Church iu England during the sixteenth 
century/' This purpose is a most laudable one; and, as the author remarks, 
*' It is surprising that a book illln^ this place has not appeared before." fn 
view of the recent appearance of the German Lntherau Church of the North- 
west as a compact power cooperating with the German Catholics in opposition 
to the cxclnslvo teaching of the English language in the public schools, this 
work of Dr. Jacobs may be regarded as a book for the times, since it emphasizes 
the fact that Lutheranismi is not German any more that it is English, or Scotch, 
or Dutch, or Ilungarian. 

The Lutheran Church in the ITciled States now numbers between four and 
lire millions of members, hicludiug more than a million comrauni cantos, and It 
is growing with great rapidity in all the elements of denominational power. In 
spite of all that some short-sighted Lutherans of German extraction have 
done to make it a German Church distinctively, the English language has already 
been adopted by many Lutheran congregations, and this revolution iu language 
win steadily go forward. *'A8 the varions nationalities which its a<lhereuts 
represent, merge in one American nationality, so their various languages," aa 
Dr. Jacobs foresees, will sooner or later l>e **laid aside for the common lan- 
goage of the country." And this book will ha9t^^n the movement. In another 
aspect also it is a book for the times. In view of the impulse toward Christian 
unity now felt among different denomlnatluns of English-speaking Protestants, 
Dr- Jacobs has done well to recall the discussions which took place in the times 
of the Tndora, with reference to a union of the Lutberan and Anglican 
Churches. When the proposals for unity, which the bishop* of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church put forth at Chicago in 1»86, were presented to the Southern 
Synod of the Lutheran Church, the latter replied that it was ready to resume 
the negotiation for the union of the two Churches at the point where it waa 
broken off in the relgu of Renry VI IL Perhaps the mainspring of the move- 
ment, in 1535, was Queen Anne Boleyn, though Thomas Cromwell, Archbishop 
Cranmer and several other prelates, favored it ; but Henry's ambition to be a 
sort of Grand Caliph of the united Churches was too much for the Lutherans to 
gratify ; and the judicial murder of that queen in 1536 excited such horror and 
disgust for the royal rul!lan that the movement failed. It may be renewed 
with better success now, both these churches being In this country free from 
■ay entangling alliance with the state. The great indebtedness of the EngUah- 
ffpeaking world to Luther and Latheranism for the English Bible, the Book of 
Common Prayer, and very much of its early religious literature, Is well and 
nit<?ly set forth in this volume. We have noticed several minor errors 
:ch, when a second edition appears, should be corrected. For example, it 
not 'Hhe bishop of London" (page d), but Longlaud^ bUhop of Lincoln, 
TOlr. XLV, 11 

■07 e 
^B apeak 
H Comt 

104 Booh"Ifotxcea. [Jut. 

..; •:.: 

which then inclnded Oxford, wfa<^paiiHedthe arrest of so many LoUards In 1621. 
Again : Edward the Sixth wa^jioti^garded by Roman Catholics as '* a nsnrper," 
page 191. Again : the yeaf \jiKi& ten years too early for the birth of William 
Tyndale, according to Bb^e*3ind Demans, and eight years too late, according 
to Benjamin W. GreenflHd, F.S.A. 
Bg Charlet Coxiol^fJ^D.j of Lovoelh Mass. 
• •• • 
• • • • 

The Antiquities Of ^linessee and the adjacent States, and the State of Aboriginal 
Society inVie Sidle of Civilization represented by them. A Series of Historical 
and Ftkjiolbqical Studies. By Gates P. Tuurston, Corr. Secretary of the 
Tensf^t^ ^Historical Society. Illustrated. Cincinnati : Robert Clarke & Co. 
l^(i.*:*|4oyaU 8vo. pp. xv.4-869- Price (K net, sent by mail on receipt of 
; *• ^he elegant illustrations and careful descriptions in this volume give the 
.'jreader a feeling of personal acquaintance with the peaceful people who inhabit- 
\ fid the Cumberland Valley perhaps four or five hundred years ago. A cordon of 
f ortH and outworks protected the group of well-peopled villages where consider- 
able progress had been made in the development of civilization before the red In- 
dian of the historical period overran the country. The author traces a relation- 
ship and considerable commercial intimacy between these early settlers of Tennes- 
see and the mound-builders of the West, and shows a likeness between their civili- 
zation and that of Mexico and Peru. Plans are given showing the general out- 
lines of their towns and houses and graves. In the latter, which are curious stone 
boxes constructed with great skill, have been found, both in stone and pottery, 
their cradles, bowls, pipes, toys and ornaments, their ancestral statues, their 
weapons, the tools of their trades, and utensils of their religious cercmoniaL 

* * * 

Abraham Lincoln's Pen and Voice, being a Complete Compilation of his Letters, 
Civil, Political and Military. Also his Public Addresses, Messages to Congress, 
Inaugurals and others, as well as Proclamations upon Various Public Concerns, 
shoiring him to have been the greatest Constitutional Student of the Age, and the 
Noblest Pattern for Future Generations America has ever knoion. By G. M. 
Van BujiEN, late Colonel U. S. Vols. With a fine steel Portrait. Cincinnati : 
Robert Clarke & Co. 1800. 12mo. pp. 435. Price $1.50. Sent by mail on 
receipt of price. 

Col. Van Buren has chosen an appropriate title for his attempt to let the great 
President tell the story of his own public life from his nomination to the presi- 
dency to the hour of his assassination, for the whole book was spoken or written 
by ^ir. Lincoln. It is, in effect, a treatise on the War of the Rebellion, for in it 
the motives of the rebels and the patriots, their principles of action, their modes 
of tliought, their resources and tlieir conduct are explained by the man who best 
understood them all. It is as good an introduction as can be found to tlie study 
of the details of the war. It has a value equivalent to a history of the Ameri- 
can Revolution by George Washington or of the English Commonwealth by 
Oliver Cromwell. The glory of soul and mind that shine from all its pages is 
Mr. Lincoln's ; to the editor belongs the honor of such implicit faith in his hero 
that he does not fear to present him to the most crucial test, — to let him be 
judged by his own words. Criticism of such a book would be presumptuous, 

» » ♦ 

Tfie Constitution of the Society of Sons of the Revolution and By-Laws of the 

Pennsylvania Society. Instituted April 3, 1888. Philadelphia. 1890. 8vo. 

pp. 42. 

It is gratifying to notice that societies like this and kindred societies are 
formed from time to time to do work along lines similar to those laid down by 
the New-England Historic Genealogical Society and other historical societies, 
for not only preserving and collating such historical matter as is easily accessi- 
ble, but, also, as far as possible, of searching for and bringing out new facts 
bearing upon the historj' of our country, gathering and arranging data which 
will tlirow additional light upon the i)a»t. The original sources from which in- 
formation may be obtained are liable — through carelessness, accident, or the 
lapse of time — to become destroyed. 

The object of this Society, as set forth in its constitution and by-laws, is an 


^H not I 

I him. 

ftdmfrable one* As the title indicates, it proposes to take for Its special study 
a«d re*M»ttrch the period of the Rcvolntlon, and it has for its praiseworthy object 
the purposje of perpetuating' " the memory of the men, who, in the military, 
naval and civil ser^nce of the Colonies and of the Continental ConjcresjH, by their 
acts as counsel, achieved the Independence of the coantry, and to further the 
proper celebration of the auulversariea of the birthday of Washington and of 
prominent events connected with the war of the lievolution; to collect and 
aecnre for preservation the rolls, records and other documenta relating to that 

Male descendants of any one who served faithfully In the military or naval 
fcnrice under the authority of any of the thirteen Colonies or of the Continental 
Congress, or a descendant of one of the signers of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence, or of any member of the Continental Confess or of the Congress of 
any of the Colonies or States, or as an official appointed by or under the 
authority of any such leg:islative bodies, actually assisted in the establishment 
of American Independence by ftervices rendered during the war of the Revolu- 
tion, are eligible to mernbersiiip In the Society. 

There is a general Society with Its board of offlcera. It also intends to In- 
clude Huch branch societies from the ditferent States as may desire admission. 
The name of John Woolf Jonlan (the donor of this pampMet to our Society) 
appears in It as the Registrar of the Pennyylvauia Society. 

We wiah the Society and its branches every success. 
By the Rev. Daniel Rollins, of Milmlle, Mass. 

Mi^moirs of John Bannister Gibson, lAite Chi"/ Jnstife of Pennsyhania, By 
TnoMAS P. RoREKTH. With Ron. Jereralah S, Black's Eulogy; Notes from 
Hon. William A. Porter's Essay upon his Life and Character, etc. etc. 
Pittsburgh: Joseph Elchbaum & Co. IHOO. 8vo. pp. 247. 
Chief Justice Gibson, to whose memoirs this volume is devoted, was born in 
»hou»e still standing in Perry county. Pa., Nov, 8, 1780, and died at Philadel- 
phia, May 3, 1853, He wm a student at Dickinson College, but probably did 
not graduate. He \ya& admitted to the bar of Cumberland county in 1803, and 
began practice at Carlisle, which was hLs residence for the greater portion of 
JlfeUfe. In laVA he was appointed a district judge, in 181<> he wa*i promoted 
(the Supreme Court, and in 1827 was made chief justice of the state, 
r. Roberts, his biographer. I* a native of Carlisle, and has distinguished 
himself in a different calling. In the volume before ua he first presents to 
Qfl the incidents in the private life of Judge Gibson, with a history of his 
ancestors and kindred, who were prominent in Pennsylvania liistnry. This 
chapN-r l8 very Int^^resting. Not being bred to the law" himself. Mr/Roherts 
prefers to let those who were tell the story of his life at the bar and on the 
bench. This is done by Chief Justice Jereniiah S. Black, In his eulogy delivered 
Harrisburg, in May, 1853, In the proceedings of the Supreme Court on the 
of Judge Gibson, which are here printed in full. Selections from an 
y by Judge WllUarn A. Porter on Judge Gibson's life and vn-itlngs, present 
to us his character *'as a Lawyer, a Legislator and a Judge." Tributes from 
other speakers and writers also appear in these pages. Au appendix co?itaina 
other interesting and valuable matter. The book is well printed and is illus- 
trated by engravings, two of widch are portraits of Judge Gibson. It has an 

Jllimrated Americana ^ 1493-18S9. Articles read to the Americnn Antiquarian 
Society. By James F. Hcinnkwell. Reprinted for the Author from the Pro- 
ceedings of the American Antiquarian Society. 1890. Sm. 4to. pp. 37. 150 
copies printed. 

Some of Mr, Hunnewell's previous works have been noticed in the Reoister, 
among them "The Lands of Scott," "The Historical Monuments of France," 
*' The Imperial Island," and '* A Century of Town Life." In the present work 
he gives an account of illustrated books on America. '* Along with examples 
of niMirly all styles and qualities of engraving," says the author, these books 
*' show ns an even greater variety of what has been learned or imagined about 
the western hemisphere. Maps, which are very numerous, form a class by 
tberasolvL's, wi in later times do almost countless wood cuts. Before 1530 the 
Utter were, however, about the only sort of engravings relating to the New 


fot>k jYoticc9t 



Mr. HunneweU divides hlii work into two puts, the flnt deroted to Illaatrated 
Americ&nA from 1495 to 1G24, «nd the second to each boolu as have ai>peai«d 
since 1600; in other words, those printed since the English settlement of this 

The bibliography of lliaBtrated books on America here presented, has been 
compiled with mnch labor and care. The reader will obtain from It clear and 
deAnSte information on the subject. The book makc& a handj»ome TOlume, and 
is illustrated with a fine portrait of Colnmbus from De Bry. 

Transactions of the Kansas State Bistm'ical Sorifty, embracing the Fifth and 

Sixth Btennial Reports, 188if-1888. Compiled by F. G. Adams. Secretary. 

Vol, IV. Topeka : Kansas PublisMng House, Clifford C» Baker. State Printer. 

1890. 8vo. pp. 319. 

This yonng historical society shows evidence of activity and vi^or. Th« 
balky rolame before us contains the fifth and sixth biennial reports of the pro- 
ceedings of the Society. Mnch valuable matter relating to the history of Kansas 
is preserved in the atmaal aJddresses of the presidents and in the reports of the 
several officers here printed. Aboat half the volume Is devoted to '* copies of 
official papers during a portion of the administration of Governor Wilson 
Shannon, 1^6, and the Execntlve filinutes of Governor John W. Geary, daring 
his administration begimiiug September 9, 1850, and ending March 10, 1857.** 
These papers have been gathered by the secretary of the Society, the Hon. 
Franklin G. Adams, from Congressional documents, and will be found of gre«t 
use to students of the iiistory of Kansas. A chronolos^ical Index to these papers 
fills eleven closely printed pages. A very full alphabeticAl Index to the volume 
fills thirty pages. 

The book makes a handsome volmne. It does credit to the Society and 
secretary Adams. 

TTtfl Presentation of Flags to the Schools of Portsmouth y N. H. . October 9tK 1890, 
by Storer Post No. !» Cfrand Army of the Republic, Department of yew Hamp- 
shire, With an Appendix relating to the Whipple and Farragut Schools. 
Portsraoath, N. H. t Printed by the Times Publishing Company. 1890. 8vo. 
pp. 36. Price 50 cts. Address Paymaster Joseph Foster, U.S.N., 26 Middle 
St., Portsmouth. N. H. 

The proceedings at the presentation of flags last October to the Portsmouth 
schools were very interesting, and were calcu^lated to inspire patriotic feelliigs 
among the scholars of those schools. They have been prepared for publieatiou 
by Paymaster Foster, and are printed in the pamphlet before us. 

The Appendix contains considerable geut^logical information as to the ances- 
tors and kindred of Gen. Williaiu Whipple, one of the signers of the Declaration of 
Independence, with a sketch of his life. A biographical sketch of Admiral David 
G. Farragut, and other valuable matter, are also to be found In the pamphlet. 

The Northern Boundary of Massachusetts in its Relation to New Hampshire. By 

Samuel A. Green, M.D. Cambridge : John Wilson & Son, University Press. 

18a0. 8ro. pp. 23. 
Remarks on an Early File of the Boston Netes-Letter made before the MassachusetU 

MistoricaJ Society. With a Letter by Thomas Jefferson. By SAAfUXL Abbott 

Green, M.D. 8vo. pp. 7. 

We have before us two recent pamphlets by Dr. Green. 

The Erst is ♦' a part of the Conncira Report made to the American Antiquarian 
Society, at Worcester, on October 21, 181^t0/'and Is reprinted from the Proceed- 
ings of that Society. Tt gives a history of the disputes concerning the boundary 
line between New Ilampshire and Masaachu setts, whlcli began very early after 
the settlement of the two colonies and has contlnned to the present time. 

Tlie second pamphlet Is a reprint from the Proceedings of the Massachusetts 
Historical Society. The file of early News-Letters of wliich an account is given 
once belonged to Chief Justice Samuel Sewall, and Is now the propertv of the 
New York Historical Society. It begins April 24, 1704, and ends April 19, 1708. 
The value of this file is increased by the contemporary broadsides which have 
heeii bound up with it, and the marginal notes by Judge Sewall. Dr. Green 
de!«crli)es the several broadsides, The letter ou Jefi'ersou Is on business, and is 
dated August B, 1817. 




'Sook Notices. 




Wells WilU, Arrangid in Pari&het and Annotated, By 'Fkzvkbio Wn.UAM 
Weav^k. M,A. London: Kcgan Paul, Trencb, Triibner & Co., Lt^. 1890. 
8ro, pp. xU.-f-2S4. 

The editor of this vfrork \s an eacperlenccd antiquary. He Is the editor, for 
the county of Somerset, of the ** Somerset and Dorset Notes and Queries." His 
••Somerset Incumbenta " was commended by ns in April, 188!>. He Is also the 
editor of *^ Visitations of the CountieH of Somerset and Hereford." 

The volume before us contains abstracts of the Wills in the first two books of 
Wills at the District Probate Register, Wells, England. About six hundred 
wills are recorded In those two volumes, and abstracts of all of them are here 
giren. The dates mn from the year 1528 to 1636, though a few of the wills bear 
earUer dates. 

There are some new features of the worli wlilch will commend It to those for 
6e use it is prepared. The dilTurent parisbus are alpbabeticjiily arranged, 
tinder each parish the wills of the testators who resided in that parish are 
ted. This must have caused no little labor to the editor, but the advantages 
of thia arrangement will repay him for it. Prefixed is a taiile showinfi: '' The 
Saints and Services of North and West Somerset as seen in the Devotions of the 
aereral Parishes." 

The preface contains much Interesting information relating to church services 
In Pre-Re formation times, while numerous marginal annotations explain and 
Hlostrate the text. The whole book is fully indexed, there being Index Remsa 
In addition to the usual Index Nonihmm. The Kev. Mr. Weaver deservea 
much credit for the excellent manner in which he has performed liis editorial 
work. The book Is handsomely printed on tine white paper, 

IjuUx to the Fimt Vblnme of the Parish P^gisters of Gain/ord in the County of 
Durham. Part UL BuriaJiB 1569-1784. London : Elliot Stock, 62 Pater- 
noster Row, E. C. 1890. 8vo. pp. 140. Price six shillings. 

In July last we noticed Parts I. and II. of the work before us, containing an 
index to the baptisms and marriages in the oldest Volnme of the Parish Registers 
of Gainford. Part III. just issued contains an index to burials there recorded, 
and completes the work. The registers of baptisms, marriages and burials for 
the parish of Gainford form thirteen volumes and preserve a continuous record 
from 1669 to our own day. The present publication contains an index to the 
first volnme only, but a manuscript index of six later volumes to the year 1837 
on the same plan as that here printed has been made by the same compiler. 

the Rev. Joseph Edleston, LL.D., the vicar of Gainford, who has borne 
je of printing these volumes, and to the editor for tlie labor, taste 
lent bestowed upon them, the thanks of genealogists and antlquailes 

A volume is now In preparation which will contain complete copies of the 
Monumental Inscriptions In Gainford Church and Churchyard. It will make a 
fit companion to the three volumes devoted to the Parish Registers. 

Proe^edinga of the Rhode Maud HistoncoL Society, 1889-90. Providence : Printed 

for the Society. 1890. 8vo. pp. 126. 
The Rhode Island Historical Sorietf/. Sketch of its History tcith a List of Papers 

rtad at its St4ited Meetings, Providence : Printed for the Society by Snow & 

Famham. 1890. 8vo. pp. 87. 

The first of these two pamphlets contains the Proceedings of the Society for 
the year 1889. This series of pamphletvS was begun lu 1872, and since then they 
have been printed annually* the present being the eighteenth issue. It contains 
A full report of tlie proceedings at the anuuat meeting* with the able address of 
the preijident. Gen. Horatio Rogers ; a history of the society by the secretary ; 
the annual necrology ; a list of donors, and other art;icles. It shows that the 
year 1889 was an active and prosperous one for the society, though it had to 
mourn the loss of its learned president and benefactor, Prof. William Gammell, 

The next pamphlet is a reprint from the preceding. It gives a brief history 
of the Rhode Island Historical Society, prepared by the secretary Amos Perry, 
IX.D. The society was formed In June, 1822, and was the fourth state histori- 
cal society organized in the United States, the Massachusets Historical Society, 
VOL. XLV. 11 • 

108 Book Notices. [Jan. 

formed in 1790, being the first; the New York HUtorical Society, formed in 
1804, the second; and the Maine Historical Society, formed in April, 1822, the 
third. The society has been an efficient Instrument In collecting, printing and 
otherwise presenrlng materials for the history of the State. It has Issued seyen 
octavo volnmes of Collections filled with rare and valuable historical matter, 
the first having been printed In 1827, and the last In 1885. It has also printed its 
Proceedings annually for the last eighteen years. Besides this It has printed a 
variety of miscellaneous documents, such as addresses, reports, circulars, etc. 
Dr. Perry has appended to his History, a chronological list of papers and lec- 
tures read at the stated meetings of the society from Nov. 18, 1835, to Dec. 81, 
1889. There are 343 different papers in this list, read or written by 164 different 
persons at 314 different meetings held within a period of fifty-six years. The 
pamphlet Is carefully compiled and gives much interesting Information relative 
to the work of the society. 

Oenealogical Memoranda of the Family of Ames. By Reoenald Ames, H.A. 
Privately Printed. London : Mitchell & Hughes, 140 Wardour Street, W. 
1889. 4to. pp. xxil. +224-99. With 45 leaves of plates and 5 large folding 
tabular pedigrees. 

Genealogy of the Bigelow Family of America, from the Marriage in 1642 of John 
Biglo and Mary Warren to the Tear 1890. By Gilman Bigelow Howk. 
Worcester, Mass. : Printed by Charles Hamilton. 1890. 8vo. pp. 517. 

Genealogy of the Breck Family descended from Edieard of Dorchester and his 
brothers in America. With an Appendix. By Samuel Breck, U.S.A. Omaha: 
Rees Printing Company. 1889. 8vo. pp. 252-fxxix. Price $5. Sent pre- 
paid on receipt of price. Address, Gen. Samuel Breck, War Department, 
Washington, D. C. 

Memoirs of MaUhew Clarkson of Philadelphia, 1735-1800. By his great grand- 
son, John Hall. Also of his brother, Gtrardus Clarkson, 1737-1790. By 
his great-graudson, Samuel Clarkson. 1890. 8vo. pp. 259. 

Genealogy of Joseph Fisher and his Descendants, and of the Allied Families of 
Farley, Farlee, Fettermon, Pitner, Beeder and Shipman. Compiled by Clar- 
ence Woodward Fisuer. Press of E. H. Lisk, Troy, N. Y. 8vo. pp, 243. 

A Contribution toicards a Genealogy of all Torreys in America. Compiled by D. 
ToRKEY. Detroit: John F. Eby & Co., Printers. 1890. 8vo. pp. 145-f-lxi. 
Address, D. Torrcy, 81 Fulton Street, New York city. 

Thf' Sayirard Family ; being the History and Genealogy of Henry Sayward of 
York, Maine, and his Descendants. With a brief account of other Saytcards 
who settled in America. By Ci£auli-:s A. Sayw.uid. Ipswich, Mass. : Inde- 
pendent Press, E. G. Hull. 1890. Sm. 8vo. pp. vi.+177. 

A Genealogy of One Branch of the Warren Family, with its Intermarriages, 1637- 
1S90. Compiled for Moses Conant Warren, by Mary Parker Warren. 
Edited by Emily Wilder Leavitt. Printed for Private Circulation. 1890. 
Royal 8vo. pp. iv.-|-59. 

A Genealogy of One Branch of the Conant Family 1581-1890. Arranged for 
Moses Conant Warren, by Emily Wilder Leavitt, Printed for Private Cir- 
culation. 1890. Royal 8vo. pp. iii.-|-18. 

A Genealogy of the Bogman Family 1767-1890. Compiled for Moses Conant 
Warren, by Emily Wilder Leavitt. Printed for Private Circulation. 1890. 
Royal 8vo. pp. iv.4-36. 

A Genealogy of One Branch of the Morey Family 1631-1890. Edited for Moses 
Conant Warreu, by Eahly Wilder Leavitt. Printed for Private Circula- 
tion. 1890. Royal 8vo. pp. vi.-|-30. 

Tlie Bartow Family in England. By the Rev. Evelit? P. Bartow, M.A. 1890. 
Illustrated. Royal 8vo. pp. 44. 

The History of the Dudley Family, with Genealogical Tables, Pedigrees, etc. 
Number IV. By Dean Dudley, author of The First Council of Nice, etc. 
To be published in numbers or parts of 100 pages each. Wakclield, Mass. : 
Dean Dudley, Publisher. 1890. Royal 8vo. 100 pages. Price $1. 

A Brief History of the Joy Family. By One of them. Printed for Private 
Circulation. 1876. Sm. 4to. pp. 37, and 8 pages for a " Family Record " and 

Booh Notices. 




B^ Gen 
■ Mark 


MBmerUil to my Honored Eindred. By Charles W. DiaLBJO. 1888. Utica, 

N. Y* Royal Bvo. pp. 112. 
A Sketch of the Life ofBetf. Daniel Dana Tappan, WUh an Account of the Tap^ 

pan Famity, Prepared by His CHiU>iiKN- Boston : Presa of Sainuel Usher. 

1890. 8vo. pp. 28. 
l>esctndfints of William Low of Bo$ton, Mfvtanchu&t^m. Compiled by EDMtTND 

Dana BARBbuit. January 1, 1890. Tabuliir peiH;2:ree in cloth cover. 
Thomas (Nock) Knox of Dover, N. H., in 1652,audsoimofhiADt*scendants, 

Compiled by W. B. Lapuam. Privately Printed. Aagnsta : Press of Maine 

Farmer. 1890. 8vo. pp. 34. 
Hie Pfirkpr Family: A Short JRecord of the lioxbury Branch of the Parker Family 

of Bemlinffr Mas»achusetl$, andofwiWiofthfirDfucendfiHtA. By Geokoe H. 

Fabxka, Culliuan, Alabama. CuHman, Ala. : Alabama Tri bane' Print. IddO. 

avo. pp. 10. 

A GcnealoQiCfil Bccord^ Fonn/th of Nydie. By Forsyth dr Froxsac. New 

Market, Vir*?iuia fU. S. A.) : Henkel & Co.* Printers* and Publishers. 1886. 

%wo. 29 pages. 

danl9 of Jonathan Perry of Topsham^ Maine, to the Fifth Generation. 

CompUed by Ajithttk L. PkkrV of Gardiner, Maine- Aa^nata: Press of 

Charles E. Nash. 1890. 8vo. pp. 13. Witli blank Family Kecord, 8 pages. 
TTUt Poor-Poore Famihj Ontherinrj nt Harprhifl, Maiis<p'huA€tfj*, Sfpt. 14, 1887* 

Salem ; Printed by the Salora Press Puljlishing and Printing Co. 181J0. 8vo. 

pp. 107, 
Allertons of New England and Virginia. By Isaac J. Greenwood of New 

Yorlc city. 8vo. pp. 7. 
Xicvi' William Frertch and hit DeiCendants. By John M. French, M.D., of 

MUford, Mass. 8vo. pp. 8. 

We continue In thia number om* quarterly notlcea of recently published works 
relating to e«*iiealojDry. 

The finirt bttok on oar list, '* Genealo<ji«il Memoranda of the Family of Ames," 
large and elegant volume, handsomely printed on heavy white paper and 
>ly lUustrated with portraits and views. It show* how much can be 
by research, good judgment and taste, and ample means, to preserve in an 
manner the memorials of a family. Thy volume aeems to be intended to 
»erve in print the ancestry of the antlior and his brothers and sisters, and a 
ird of various families from which they are descended or to which they are 
Tlie 11 lustrations are of a hit^h order of merit, and quite a number of his- 
ic personai^es are among the portraits. One folding pedigree is that of the 
deiacendauts of Matthew Ames of Doulting, Somerset, who lived in the seven- 
teenth century and is the ancestor of the author; and another gives thirty -two 
lineal a8ceuts of the author for live generati*)ns. The author i* a descendant 
of President Charles Ctiauney of Har\ard College, ami a very full tabnlar p**di' 
(free of the Chiiuncy family is given. There are also pedigreea of Mauduit, 
Mortimer, (Jouge and other families. Many wills, diaries! and other documents 
illuBt rate the >vork. 

The next book^ on the Bigelow family, is a bulky volume containing a very 
full genealogy of the descendants or Jolui Bigelow of Watertown, Mass. The 
author seeraa to have made his research with great thoroughness, and has col- 
lected the records of about Ave thousand persons descended from the immigrant. 
[The mAteHal Is well arranged. The dates of births, marriages and deaths are 
faU and precise. Much biographical matt^^r ha^ also been obtained. The book 
111 en/ '' ' <] with sixteen portraits. Indexes of heads of families and of 
OtiH s that occur In the volumes are given. The author has doue a 

goou .. .... Lo his kindred- 

The book on the Brt^ck family, by Gen. Breck, Is devoted to the descendants 
Hie immigrants Edward and Thomas Breck, who settled at Dorchester, 
in the middle of the seventeenth century. The book la divided into two 
The first part contains the posterity of Edward, and is called by the 
ittltbor the Dorchester Branch. Part second gives the descendants of Thomas, 
whode only known son, Thomas, settled at Sherbora, and this is therefore 
called by G«ii. Breck Uie Sherbora Branch. The family seems to have been 


Booh Noiioe9. 

thoroti^bly traced. Much biographical matter If given and nomeroiis portralltt 
are print^^d in the text. There Ib an " Appendix of additional biographical and 
historical matter, obituary notices, letters, etc.. and armorial beario^s." Tba 
author has produced a valuable book- A complete index Is given. 

The next book contains raemolnii of two brothers, Hon. Matthew and Dr. 
Gerardus Clarkson, prominent citizens of Philadelphia In the last century. 
Each memoir Is written by a great-grandson. The lives of these brothcrn in- 
cluded the whole period of the Eevolationary war, of which both were scipport- 
erSt the elder having rendered military service as an officer in It. He was for 
aeveral years mayor of Philadelphia. Much illustrating the history of Penn- 
sylvania Is preserved in the pages. A considerable portion of the work is de- 
Toted to the ancestry and descendante of these men. The authors have done a 
service to the public by giving them this memorial of their ancest^irs and 
kindred. The volume la handsomely printed on thick white paper, and is em- 
bellished with twelve line engravings, consisting of portraits, views of build- 
ings, etc. 

The book on the Fisher family gives the descendants of Joseph Fisher, bom 
April, 1734, a native of Saxony, who emigrated to this country at an early age, 
and settled in New Jersey. In 1788 he removed to Northumberland County, 
Pa, The volume is compiled by Clarence W. Fisher of Mechanlcsville, N. Y. 
The Fisher Family Alls 146 pages, the rest of the book being devoted to the 
other families named on the tltle*page. Mr, Fisher has succeeded in gathering 
a full account of the descendants of his immigrant ancestor, with much biogra- 
phical maiter relating to the mombcTH of the family. It is carefully arranged 
on the KFXiisTEU Plan, and is handsomely printed, with twenty Illustrations, 
consisting of portraits, views of residences, etc. Fac-sinilles of two famUy 
records are given. 

The book on the Torrey family is by Mr. Dnlphns Torrey of New York city. 
Four brothers, William, James, Philip and Joseph Torrey, sons of Philip and 
grandsons of William Torrey of Combe St. Nicholas, co. Somerset, England, 
were among the early emigrants to New England. William settled at Wey- 
mouth, James at Scituate, Philip at Koxbury, and Joseph at Hehoboth. From 
them a numerous progeny has proceeded. A fall genealogy is not attempted. 
What we have liero are ** genealogical notes showing the patenial line of de- 
scent from William Torrey of Combe St. Nicholas, Somerset County, England. 
A.D. 1557, to Abner Torrey of Weymouth, Massachusetts, with all dcscendanta 
of Abner Torrey." The deacendaots in all surnames of this Abner Torrey, bom 
1736. are very fully traced in this book. An appendix of interesting matter and 
a good Index are added. We commend the book to our readers. 

The Sayward book Is by the Hon. Charles A. Sayward of Ipswich, Mass. 
The llristof the name found in New England wa^ Edmund, who resided In 
Ipswich, Mass. , in 1034. and subsequently removed to York, Maine. His brother 
Henry came here In 1637 and settled at Hampton, N. H., but also finally re- 
moved to York. The book gives a very full account of the descendants of 
these brothers, besides some records of persons of the name who have not be^ 
connectetl with them. The book is well arranged and has a good Index. 

The next four works whose titles we give — those relating to the Warren, 
Conant, Bogman and Morey families — ore issued in one volume. They were 
compiled for the late Moses Conant Warren, who did not live to see his work 
completed, but died, after a brief illness, Oct. 1, 1800, just as the last sheets of 
his book were going through the press. The Warren family here recorded Is 
deacended from Arthur Warren, who settled at Weymouth, Mass., as early as 
16Sd. No connection has been traced between him and Richard Warren of 
Plymouth, and John Warren of Watcrtown. The parentage of neither of thesa 
early immigrants has yet been discovered. The Conant family is from Roger 
Conant, a native of East Budleigh. Devon, where his ancestors were settled. 
He was at the head of the colony plant^Kl In 1623 at Cape Anne, and subsequently 
removed to Salem (See Register, 11. 233-39, 329-36). The Bogman family la 
descended from Jacob Bogman, a wealthy planter of Paramaribo, Dutch Guiana, 
whose son. Charles Laurens Bogman. born May, 1747, emigrated to New England 
and settled at Providence in 1767. The Morey family is descended from Boger 
Morey, who settled at Providence, R. I., in ifj36. The branches of the several 
families recorded lii these books are carefully traced and well arranged. They 



JBooh Notices, 


are luuidsomety printed and llltistrat^d by flue engrayinga. Each work hiLS a 
separate Index. 

The Bartow book Is by the author of the works on thia family noticed by na 
In July. I87fi, and in AprlU 1887. Thw seems to be a reTigion and extension of 
the latter work, much new matter being added. It has a foklinj^ talmlar pedi- 
gree, is handsomely printed and is embellished by several fine en^rayings. 

The new number of the history of the Dudley family, of which Are have now 
been issued, snstains the interest of the work. The pjenealogical account of the 
descendaotd of Gov. Thomas Dudley in the line of hia oldest son, Hev, Samuel 
Biidley, ia here continued. More matter relative to the English Dudleys, and 
to others of the name in thia country, ia given. It \& lUnstrated with numerous 
portraits and views. 

The book on the Joy family is by Mrs. Cornelia C. Joy Dyer, the compiler of 
the Dyer genealogy noticed by ma In July, 1884. The New-Eiiglaud Joys are 
descended from Thomas Joy, an early aettler of Boston. Much intereating 
m&tter !»* here preserved. 

The *• Memorial to my Honored Kindred '* is prepared by Mr. Darling as * 
tribute of affection to hl3 father, Rev. Charles Chauncey Darling, his mother' 
Mrs. Adeline Eliza Darling, and his brotlier, Mr. Elisha Coit Darling; and as 
• memorial to their ancestors and kindred. Memoirs of these and others of the 
family are given, with genealogical matter concerning the Darling, Chauncey, 
SstIs, Dana, Ely, Harlakenden, Haynes, Plerpout and Noyes families. It is 
emijelliflhed with portraits of the Kev. C C, Darling and President Chauncey of 
Harvard College. 

To the well-written memoir before na of the Rev. Daniel D. Tappan, bom 
1798, died 1890, Is appended ** Some Account of the Tappan Family." *' A List 
of (lie Descendants of bis father Samuel Tappan of Portsmouth, N. H.," shows 
that seventy-three descendants of Samoel were living July 15. Id90» 

The Low pedigree, which is next in order, gives the descendants to the fifth 
generation of William Low, born in Boston, Mass., Feb. IS, 1748, and died 
there Sept 18, 1812. The record ia fully traced, with precise dates. 

Dr. Lspliam's genealogy of the Knox fainlly, like all his work, is carefully 
compiled. Though the descendants of Thomas Nock or Knox of Dover^ N. H., 
continued, with a few eiceptlona, to reside in that vicinity for a century, they 
are now widely dispersed. The author has sQceeded in obtaining a very fuU 
record of them. 

The Parker family, to which the next pamphlet is devoted, Is descended from 
Thomas Parker, who came to New England In 1635, and after a short stay in 
Lynn, removed to Reading, of which he was one of the first settlers. The 
author has not attempted a full genealogy of this family, but merely a record 
of that part of it which may be characterized as the Roxbury branch. Of this 
branch we And here a good record. 

The next pamphlet on the Forsyth family contains much genealogical matter 
rtlAtlve to persons of that name fn Europe* and America. Matthew Forsyth, a 
QAtlve of Ireland, settled at Chester, N. H., in 1742. From hlni the author of 
this work, Frederic Gregory Fon^yth (Forsyth de Fronsac) of Leesburgb, 
Londonn County, Va., is descended. 

The pamphlet on the Perry family is descended from Jonathan Perry of Top- 
ham, Me., who was born at Scltoate, Dec. 28, 1780. His father was Joseph 
Perry, but the line has not been traced further back. A very good record of 
his descendants Is here preserved. Aj\ engraving of the homestead is given. 

The next pamphlet gives the proceedings at the third gathering of the Poor 
family, which was held at Haverhill, Mass., Sept. 14, 1887. The oration was 
by Albert Poor of Boston, Other interesting addresses, remarks, poems» 
letters, etc., are here printed. Thirty-nine pages are devoted to *• Obituary 
Kotices," which are embellished with a Hue portrait of the late Major Ben : 
Perley Poor, and a view of his Mansion House at Indian Hill, West Newbury, 

The Allerton and French pamphlets are reprints from the Register, the 
former from the number for July, 1890, and the latter from that of Oct. 1890. 

112 Beeent JPublicaiioru. [Jad. 



Prepared hj Mr. Thomab F. Millbtt, AssiMuit Librviaa. 
I. Piblieati4m$ writUn or edited 6y Uember$ ofiht SoeiMy, 

A Manual of the Church of Chriat in Millia, Masa., 1714— October 7, 1889. Edited 
bj Rev. E. O. Jameaon, Paator. Boaton : Alfred Madge ft Son, Printera. 1890. 
Sto. pp. 66. 

Thomaa (Nock) Knox of DoTer, N. H., in 1652, and aome of hia Deacendanta. Bj 
Dr. Wm. B. Lapham. Privatdj Printed. Auguata, Maine : 1890. Preaa of The 
Maine Farmer. 8to. pp. 34. 

Bangor Hiatorical Magazine, Vol. 6, No. 12. June, 1890. Edited bj Joaeph W. 
Porter, Bangor, Maine. 

People and their Homea in Groton, Maaaachuaetta, in Olden Time. Bj Francia 
Marion Boutwell. Groton. 1890. 8to. pp. 18. 

Papera relating to Capt. Thomaa Lawrence'a Company, raiaed in Groton, Maasa- 
chusetta, during the French and Indian Wars, 1768. Remarka made before the 
Massachuaetta Hiatorical Society, May 8, 1890. By Samuel Abbott Green, M.D. 8to. 

The Poor-Poore Family Gathering at Hayerhill, Masa., Sept. 14. 1887. By Alfred 
Poore, Salem, Maaa. Pnnted by The Salem Press Publiahing ft Printing Co. 1890. 
8to. pp. 107. 

" In Memoriam " Rey. Adin Ballou. A Sermon given in the Unitarian Church at 
Mendon, Aug. 24, 1890. By Rey. C. A. Staplea. Boston : Geo. H. Ellis, Printer. 
1890. 8vo. pp. 18. 

The Northern Boundary of Massachuaetta in ita Relation to New Hampshire. A 
part of the Council'a Report made to the American Antiquarian Society at Worces- 
ter, on Oct. 21, 1890. By Samuel A. Green, MJ). 1890. 8to. pp. 23. 

Twenty-first Report of the Record Commissioners of the City of Boston. Contain- 
ing Dorcheater birtha, marriages, and deatha, to the end of 1825. Boston : Rockwell 
& Churchill, City Printers. 1890. 8yo. pp. 392. 

II. Other Publicatioru. 

The Union State : a Letter from our States-Right Friend. By John C. Kurd, 
LL.D., author of **The Law of Freedom and Bondage in the United States," 
etc. New York: I). Van Nostrand Company. 1890. 8vo. pp. 135. Price 
76 cts., or 81 cts. by mall. A notice will appear in the April number. 

Dedhara Historical Register. Vol. I. No. 3. Published by the Dedham 
Historical Society. July, 1890. 8to. 

Collections and Proceedings of the Maine Historical Society. Quarterly Part, 
No. 3. July, 1890. Published for the Society by Brown, Thurston & Co. 
Portland, Maine. 

Maine Historical and Genealogical Recorder. Vol. V. No. 4. Oct., 1888. 
S. M. Watson, Publisher. Portland, Maine. 1888. 

Report of the Committee on the Western Boundary of Maryland. A Paper 
read before the Maryland Historical Society, December 9, 1889. Maryland 
Historical Society, Baltimore, Md. 1890. 8vo. pp. 40. 

Archwolo^cal Institute of America. Wisconsin Society. Report of the 
First Annual Meeting, held at Madison, May 2, 1890. Addresses by Prof. 
James Davie Butler, LL.D., on "A Day at Delphi," and by Prof. Charles Ed- 
win Bennett, on *• The Work and Alms of the Archa?ologlcal Institute. of 
America." Madison, Wis. : State Journal Printing Co. 1890. 8vo. 

Proceedings of the New Jersey Historical Society. Vol. XI. No. 1. 1890. 

•' Up Neck" In 1826, by Gurdon W. Russell, M.D. Hartford: 1890. 8yo. 
pp. 145. 

Collections of the Surrey Archaeological Society. Vol. X. No. 1. London : 
1890. 8vo. pp. 149. 

The New-England Notes and Queries. Vol. I. No. 3. July, 1890. R. H. 
Tlllcy, Newport, R. I. 8vo. 

Obituary Record of Graduates of Dartmouth College and the Associated 
Institutions for Year ending at Commencement, 1890. By John M. Comstock, 
Statistical Secretary for the Association of Alumni of Dartmouth College. 
Hanover, N. H. : Dartmouth Steam Press. 1890. 8vo. pp. 24. 




Memorials of the Massftchusetts Society of the CincianatL Edited by James 
M. Bugbee. Boston : Printed for the Society. 18»0. 8vo. pp. 575. 

Minnesota in the Civil and Indian Wars, 1861-1865. Prepared and published 
under the super\islon of the Board of Commissioners appointt?d by the Act of 
.the Le«rislature of MinnesoUi of April ID, 1889, St. Paul. Minn. IStJO. Priuted 
Ifor the State by the Pioneer Press Company. 8to. pp. 644. 

Catalognic of Records and Files in the office of the Clerk of the Supreme 
Judicial Court for the County of Suffolk* 1890. Boston : Addison C. Getchell, 
Printer. 55 Oliver St. 8vo. pp. WJ. 

Yarmouth, Nova Scotia. A Sequel to Campbell's History. By George 8. 
Brown. Bostou. 1K88. lland, Avery & Co.* Printers. 8vo. pp. 524. 

Fifty Yeara vsith the Revere Copper Co. A Paper read at the Stockholders' 
Meeting, held on Monday, 24 March, 1890. By its Treasurer, S. T. Snow. 
18^0. Press of Samuel Usher. Boston, Mass. I'rinted by request, and for 
nae of the Stockholders. 8vo. pp. 49, 

Maine Historical and Genealogical Recorder. Vol. VI. No. I. January, 
188«.>. S. M. Wat8on. Publinher. " PiHtland. Maiue. 1889. 

The Salem Press Historical and Genealogieal Record. No. 2. October, 1890. 
pVol. I. Published Quarterly. By The Salem Press Publishing and Printing Co. 
•Ebcn Putnam, Editor. Salem, Mass. 8vo. 

Dedham Historical Reyrister. Vol. L No. 4. October, 1890. Published by 
the Dedham Historical Society. Dedham, Mass. 

Bulletin of the Boston Public Library. Issued Quarterly. October, 1890. 
Boston : Published by the Trustees. 

Memorial aud Reminiscences of Dr. Levi F. Warner, Boston, Mass. Mil- 
waukee, Wis. : The Corbett & Skidmore Co. 1800. 8vo- pp. 86. 

History of the Dudley Family. No. 4. By Dean Dudley. Wakefield, Mass. 

Contributions of The Old Residents' Historical Association. Lowell, Mass. 
Vol. IV. No. 3. PubUshed by the Association. September, 1890. Lowell, 

ICkphas Brioham, Esq., died at Newtnn, 
MasSn Oct. 31, 1890, in his 69th year. 
He wii« bom at Deerfieid, Mass^ Dec. 
26. 1821. He was educated at the 
academy in his native town. After this 
be taught public and private schoola in 
various places. In 1861 he accepted 
the poKitiou of master of the Willianifl 
School, Aubumdule, in the town now 
city of Newton, and soon became a 
leading teacher in that place. He 
taught here about seven years, during 
which lime he completed his law studies 
with David H. Mason of Newton Centre. 
He wa« admitted to the bar, and held 
for a time the othce of trial justice. He 
fts»tisted In organizing the Society for 
the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, 
and was a member of the Newton school 
board* In 1874 he removed to Boston 
and opened a law office in Court Street. 
He returned to Newton in 1883 and 
resided there till his death. His wife 
died in 1887. 

Dr. JoR3f Dakforth GaBxmroon died at 
Kotueka, N. Z.. June 15, 1890, aged 87 ; 
his wife, ilrs. Sarah (Field) Green- 


wood, died Dec. 13, 1889, aged 80 years 
28 days. Dr. Greenwood, who was 
born in London, settled m New Zealand 
in 1843, where he took an active port 
in political and social matters, and was 
the leading spirit of the Commission 
whose report to the Pro v. Council 
was the basis of the Nelson Education 
Act. He filled several important posi- 
tions ftl Nelson, was the first Inspector 
of Schools, Principal of the Boys' Col- 
lege, Editor of the Nelson Examiner, 
and finally Sergeant at Arms in the 
House of Representatives. He and his 
good wife were exemplary Christians, 
and veritable friends in need to many 
of the settlers amid whom they had 
cast in their lot. They leave a goodly 
number of deacendants. Dr. Green- 
wood was a cons In of Mr. Jsmes 
Greenwood of Norwich, Conn,, of ^Mrs. 
George W. Bond of Jamaica Plain, and 
of the late Mrs. Sol. Stoddard of North- 
ampton, Mass. i his grandfather, a native 
of Boston, was John Greenwood, artist 
and mezzotintcr g£ Amsterdam and 




lira. Mart Aoiint GBxnnrocD, wife of 
Isaac J. Greenwood, died at New York, 
Oct. SI, 1890, aged 44 (vide Heoistbb, 
xxxix. 108) . " Honored for her loyalty 
to the Reformed Church, to which she 
was devotedly attached, and for her 
coDseeratioD to the cauae of her Savioor 
is the nnmeroQa spheres of usefulness 
which she occupied, • • suddenly, In 
the prime of life, in the fulness of suc- 
cessful work for the Maater, and just 
when she seemed tnoet qualified for 
further service, the is called away. The 
family circle of which she was such a 
conspicuous ornament grieve over their 
irreparable lose; but their grief is 
shared by a "far largei^ cirde,** — {Chru, 

Capt. HumiT Kingbbu&t died at SaliS" 
burypoint, Amesbury, Mass.. Aug. 6, 
1890, aged 76. He was the oldest son 
of Samuel and Miriam (Qilpatrick) 
Kingsbury, and was bom at Bath, Me,, 
May 4, 1814. He was a descendant in 
the 8th generation from Henfy King»' 
bmy of Ipswich nnd Haverhill, Maas., 
through John,* John* and wife Hannah ; 
Bmr^ and wife Rebecca Kent; Lt, 
Col. John^ by wife Patience Tappan 
(daughter of Abraham Tappan and 
granddaughter of Rev. Michael Wig- 
gles worth, author of the Dayof Doom) ; 
John* and wife Miriam Place; and 
Samti«W bis father, abovenamed (see 
BcoisTBK, vol. xiii. page 159). " Capt. 
KingsburVfi life," says the Ametbuty 
ViUafftTt has been one of ndventure. 
At the age of eight years he was placed 
in charge of the late Capt. Reuben Os- 
good, of Salisbury, while running a 
vessel between Sdisbury and the coast 
of Maine. From u cabin boy he ad- 
vanced from second and first mate of 
several ships, all the whOe studying 
thoroughly the system of navigation, 
and fitting himself in his younger years 
for the position he sought, that of cap- 
tain of a merchant vessel. He was 
finally placed in charge of a ship 
belonging to Caleb Cushmg, and sailed 
out of Newburyport on several voyages 
to foreign ports, having seen service on 
the oceaa for twenty- four years. In 
1846 he entered the West India goods 
trade at Salisburypoint, in company 
with the late Robert Fowler. The firm 
continued for several yeais, when Capt. 
Kingfibury purchased Fowler's intcrijat 
and largely increased the business ; 
added coal supply, purchasing coal by 
the ship -load. He constructed co^ 
sheds and was the pioneer in this 
branch of trade, and at one time was 
considered one of the wealthy men of 

the town and active in advancing it< 
interests, but reverse of fortune followed 
to some extent, and he retired from 
active boiinesa life. " Capt. Kingsbury 
was the oldest member of Towow River 
Lodge of Odd Fdlows up to the(time of 
his death ; he was also a member of 
Warren Lodge of Masons." 

He married Miss Nancy Pike LoweU, 
who died Sept, 3, 1888, He leaves two 
sons, Henry L. and Charles B. Kings^ 
bury, and an adopted daughter, Annie, 
wife of the Rer. Otis O. Wright of 
Riverside, K. L 

Mrs. Clakisaa Towmi died at her home 
on Nashua Street, Milford, N. H^ oa 
Sunday. Nov. a, 1890, the anniversary 
of her mjuriage, aged 100 yrs,, 8 moa. 
21 days. She wai a daughter of Capt. 
John and Mrs. Sally (Crossman) Uoit 
of Concord, N. H., where she was bom 
Feb. 12, 1790. On the 2d of November, 
1809, she was married to Jonathan 
Towne, of whom a sketch is printed in 
the Rboister, vol. xxix. page 326, They 
settled at Bow, N. H., where they lived 
happily till March, 1830, when they 
removed to Milford, taking posseasion 
of the old homestead where her hus- 
band waa bom; and here they both 
resided till their deaths. They cele- 
brated both the fiftieth and the sixtieth 
anniversaries of their wedding. On 
the 1 2 th of February last, the one 
hundredth anniversary of her birth, 
numerous relatives and friends met at 
her residence and testified their appre* 
elation of her worth. It was a pleasant 
occasion to them and to hex, she being 
in the full enjoyment of her health and 
faculties. " A woman of rare principle, 
of a strong loving nature, a devoted 
christian," says the Fanner's Cabinet, 
"her life has been an inspiration to 
mony in the years past, and her memory 
will be kept sacred by them in years to 
come. She leaves five children : Mr.Erra 
Carter Towne, Mrs. Nancy DuncUee 
and Mrs. Clarissa Adams of Milford, 
Mrs. Caroline Nve of Keene, N. H., 
and Mr. John Parker Towue of Edger- 
ton, Wisconsin, The late William B. 
Towne, A.M., vice-presideut of the 
New -England Historic Genealogical 
Society and founder of the Towne 
Memorial Fund (see Register, voL 
xxxii. pages 9<-29) was also her son. 
Eighteen grandcmldren and eleven 
great- grandchildren survive her, who 
with other relatives and friends '•hold 
as their most precious legacy, the mem- 
ory of her noble christian life, rounded 
out by works of usefulness and charity 
to all mankind." 



APRIL, 1891 


The family of Weld dfttes back to 1352, William Weld, High 
Sheritr oF London. The New^England branch came from SuiFoik^ 
the home of Governor Winthrop, 

In 1032 Ciiptain Joseph Weld, with liis brother, the Reverend 
Thomas Weld, being "Puritans of the Puritans," came to New 
England for freedom ; not penniless adventurers, with nothing to lose 
and everything to gain, but leaving betiind home,, comfort, pros- 
perity and assured poeition* fur conscience* sake. 

Captain Joseph Weld settled in Roxbury, Mass., and became a 
freeman in the colony, which made him a grant of several hundred 
ftcres, now West Roxbury Park. This was the family home for 
nearly two hundred years. 

Being well trained in arms, he was a valuable aid to Governor 
Winlhrop in military affairs, and served in numerous fights with the 
Indians. His death was a great loss to the colony, and is mentioned 
by Winthrop. Savage stated that he was the richcat man in the 
odnny, at the time of his death, and was one of the first donors to 
Harvard College, of which his brother Thomas was of the first Board 
of Overseers. 

William Fletcher Weld, the subject of this sketch, the sixth 
generation from Captain Joseph Weld aforesaid, was born in the old 
homestead, April lotli, 1800. His gnindfather, Eleazer Weld, was 
a Judge, and also Colonel in the Revolutionary War, and Paymas- 
ter of Washington's army at Cambridge, in 1777 and 1778. 

His father, William Gordon Weld, was intended for the bar, but 
bectinic a i^hip owner, sailed and loaded his own ship to foreign ports* 
It was he, who, while commanding his armed ship the "Jason" in 
1802, oF Tunis, beat off an Algerine pirate vessel and recaptured 
two American brigs with their crews. In July, 1812, returning in 
the ship Mary, with a valuable cargo of wine and Spanish silver 
dollars from Spain, not knowing that war had been declared, he ran 

VOL. XLV. 12 


Wiiliam Fletcher Weld. 


into Boston harbor, right into the jaws of the Britiah frigate Spartan, 
38 guns, waa captured and hia vessel, crew and cargo sent to Hali- 
fax, and condemned. But the commander, Brenton, being an old 
friend, allowe<l him to escape without imprisonment, but almost 
penniless, to his home. In 1798 he raamed Hfinnah Minot> daugh- 
ter of Jonaa Clarke Minot, a well-known merchant of Boston. 

The family losses durinfj the Revolution, and the death of Colonel 
Weld, necessitated the sale of the old homestead in Roxbury, in order 
to divide the property among his brothers and sisters. 

William Fletcher Weld was the eldest of eleven children, and 
only twelve years old at the time. At the age uf fifteen he was 
obliged to forego Ilnrvard College, for which he was intended, and 
went into the office of T. K. Jones & Co., largely engaged in foreign 
trade, and considered the leading importers ot Boston* 

He became their head couiidential clerk ; and at twenty-two years 
of age went into business for himself, which prospered well until he 
was induced to take a partner, who started a house in North Caro- 
lina, and by bad management wrecked the firm, 

Mr. Weld was obliged to spend a whole year at the South to settle 
the firm's obligations, and returning to Boston, "cast down but not 
det^troyed," recommenced business as a commission merchant on 
Central Wharf. When able to do so, he sought out his old credi- 
tors, by whom he bad been legally released, and paid them in fulL 

In 1833 he built the ship "Senator" at Charlestuwn, tlie largest 
ship of that day ; and from that time forward, ship after ship was 
added to his fleet, until the firm of William F. Weld <fe Co, became 
the largest ship owners in America, and it might be truly said that 
** their sails whitened every sea." 

II* also became interested in the building of railroads in this 
country, and was a large stockholder and influential director in many 
of the Western railroads, as well as in those of New England. It waa 
largely through his instrumentality that the Boston «& Maine Railroad 
was built into Boston in 1844. He imported the rails for this road, 
and transacted the busineas so much to the satisfaction of Messrs, 
Thompson and Forman, the lending ironmasters of England, that 
they sent for him to visit them ; which resulted in his becoming 
their sole agent m America of all their rails. 

The able and liberal manner in which he negotiated these sales to 
the Western railroads, made it pos^^iblc to build roads and open up 
new territory that otherwise might have remained unoccupied for 
years* and brought liim in contact with all the principal men of the 
great West. 

He was a man of uncommon foresight, prudence, and sagacity. 
His investments were wisely made* and he owed his great success to 
his good judgment and steady belief in their future value, rarely 
gelling, through all the various depressions and panics that have 
taken place from time to time in this country. 


Jaldiits in King Philip^ War, 



Foreseeing the decline in the shipping intereat in America, no 
more ships were built, and the fleet was gradually disposed of. 
Mr. Weld retired from buftiness in 18G1, and henceforwnrd devoted 
his attention larpjely to real estate, purchasing and building stores 
and warehouses in Boston and New York, believing real estate in 
the large growing cities to be the only safe investment of property 
in this country for a long series of years, This policy he directed, 
in his will, should be carried out by his trustees. 

Mr, Weld was the oldest of eight brothers, none of whom died 
young, but the Hon. Francis M, Weld was the only one who sur- 
vivetl him. 

It was as a memorial of his brother, Hun* Stephen Minot Weld, 
one of the overseers of Harvard College, that he built and presented 
to that institution, Weld Hall. 

He gave a Home to the Children s Hospital in Philadelphia, where 
he died, December 12th, 1881, leaving a handsome sum to the Butler 
Hospital, and other charities. 

He was buried in Forest Hills Cemetery, close to the old home- 
stead where he was bom, and where six generations of bis ancestors 
had lived and died. 

His ample fortune was the result of his activity, iniJustry and 
decision, united with a sagacity rarely equalled in the business life 
of any American merchant. 

In his religious belief he was Unitarian ; and he was Kcpublican 
in his politics. 

He left a widow, two eons and two daughters, and four grand- 
^^ children. 
^1 He became a member of this Society in Junej 1870. 

^H CotDl 

W " 





Cotmnunicated by the Hev. Dco&qb M. Bodos, A.M., of East Boston, Maaa. 
[Concluded from page 8L] 

No. xxxia 

A General Review of the Events of the War. 

The English were deceived by the apparent easy conquest of both 
the Warapanoags and Narraganaets, and believed they had over- 
awed them and set their hostility at rest, and now might take their 
own time in crushing Philip and thus finishing the war. 

Plymouth Colony had been engaged from the first in seeking to 
conciliate the tribes, in their boundst^ whicli were related to Philip. 
Through the efforts of Mr. Benjamin Church, a resident of Seconet, 

118 Soldiers in Ring Philip's War. [April, 

who was acquainted on pleasant terms with nearly all the tribes in 
the colony, negotiations were held with Awashonks the squaw- 
sachem of the Seconet Indians and Weetamoo the squaw-sachem or 
'' queen** of the Pocasset tribe. Awashonks and most of her people 
passed over into the Narraganset country at the opening of active 
hostilities, and thus avoided joining Philip ; but Weetamoo and her 
people were swept along with him in his retreat towards the Nipmuck 
country. Plymouth companies were abroad, too, scouting the 
country in the effort to protect their settlements, exposed, like Dart- 
mouth, Middleboro', &c. They also established a garrison at Mount 
Hope after Philip retreated to Pocasset, to prevent his return. The 
entrance of Philip into the Pocasset swamps compelled the coopera- 
tion of the hesitating Weetamoo, and afforded him a safe hiding- 
place to recruit and prepare for his flight northward. 

In the meantime the Massachusetts authorities had begun negotia- 
tions with the various Nipmuck Indians. Seven of the principal 
towns had been visited and treaties made with each. On July 16th 
Ephraim Curtis returned to Boston and reported the Quabaugs 
gathered at a great Island in a swamp beyond Brookfield, and show- 
ing a defiant and hostile spirit. The Council immediately sent 
Capt. Edward Hutchinson, escorted by Capt. Thomas Wheeler and 
his mounted company, with Curtis as guide, to find the Indians and 
bring them to terms. The company, accompanied by some friendly 
Naticks, arrived at Brookfield on August 1st, and immediately sent 
Curtis with the guides to arrange for a meeting next day. The 
Quabaugs, whose leader was the famous Muttaump, agreed to come 
next day to a plain some three miles from Brookfield to meet the 
English. The next morning, the company, with three of the chief 
men of Brookfield, rode out to the appointed place, but found no In- 
dians. Urged by the Brookfield men, but against the earnest re- 
monstrance of the Naticks, they rode forwanl towards the place 
where Curtis met them the day before. But coming to a narrow de- 
file between a high rocky hill and an impenetrable swamp, and rid- 
ing single file, they found themselves caught in a great ambuscade 
of the Indians, who let them pass along until they were able to sur- 
round them, and then rose altogether and fired into their column at 
close range. They killed eight men outright and wounded five, in- 
cluding Capts. Hutchinson and Wheeler, the former mortally. The 
Entjlish were forced to retreat, fighting, up the hill; and, under the 
skilful guiding of their Indian guides, were able to make a safe re- 
treat to Brookfield where they gathered the people and fortified a 
house just before the Indians came sweeping furiously down upon 
the village. Here they defended themselves against great numbers 
for several days, till Major Willard and Capt. Parker came with a 
company and reinforced the garrison, when the enemy retired. 

At Pocasset, Capt. Henchman continued building his fort, and 
Philip was making ready for his flight. The English seem not to 


have contemplated the possibility of a general war, Dor to have at 
all appreciated the gravity of the present Bituation in the colonies. 
Philip with all his fighting-inen and the greater part of hia own and 
Weetamoo'8 people, escaped across the river and passed through the 
open plain in Rehoboth, where they were discovered by some of the 
settlers. A scouting party from Taunton made the discovery that 
it was Philip's Indians who were thus escaping. The situation of 
affairs may be brieily stated. Capt. Henchman was guarding the 
awamp wherein Philip and his people were supposed to be securely 
trapped. Major Cudworth and Oipt, Fuller were at Dartmouth 
with a company of one hundred and twelve men. Lieut. Nathaniel 
Thomas of Marshfield was at the Mount Hope garrison with twenty 
men. At Rehoboth a company of Mohegan Indians under Oneko, 
under convoy of Corporal Thomas Swift, arrived from Boston on 
the 30th on their way to Capt. Henchman at Pocasset. Upon the 
alarm, Rev. Mr. Newman, of Rehoboth, began to organize a com- 
pany of volunteers for the pursuit of the Indians. Lieut. Thomas, 
with a small detachment, happened to come to Rohoboth on the 30th, 
and hearing of the escape, hastened back to carry the news to Capt. 
Henchman, and urge his cooperation. Lieut. Thomas then, on the 
Slst, took eleven men of his Mount Hope garrison, and being joined 
by Lieut. James Brown, of Swansy, with twelve men, marched in the 
pursuit. The Rehoboth men, with some volunteers from Providence 
and Taunton, led by the Mohegana, had started earlier upon the 
trail of the enemy. Lieut* Thomas and hia party overtook the 
others at sunset, and after a brief council- of-war, sent out their 
scouts, Indian and English, to discover the movements of the fugi- 
tives. Having found that they had encamped for the night, and 
apparently not suspecting pursuit, the English left their horses w^ith 
a guard, and, with tlie Moliegans in the van, marched silently for- 
ward to a field, at a place called " Nipsachick " (said to be within 
the present town of Burrillville, R. 1. ) . The night being very dark, 
they were forced to wait for light. At dawn they made their attack 
upon what proved to be Weetamoo's camp. The Indians were 
taken by surprise and fled, leaving everything behind them. But 
the Mohegans and English rushing forward found themselves con- 
fronted with Philip^s fighting men entrenched behind trees and rocks 
ready for battle. Adopting the tactics of the enemy, the English and 
their allies engaged them fiercely until d o'clock, when still fighting 
desperately, but with powder nearly spent, the hostiles sullenly re- 
tired, leaving many of their dead upon the field. Some twenty- 
three of the enemy were killed, it is said, including a prominent chief, 
Woonashura, called by the English, Nimrod. Of the English, two 
were killed and one wounded. 

Near the close of the fight, Rev. Mr. Newman and a party came 
up, bringing supplies. Capt. Henchman arrived after the fight, 
having sailed to Providence and marched up thence, with sixty-eight 
VOL. rLv. 12* 

120 Soldiers in King Pkilifs War. [April, 

soldiers and sixteen friendly Indians. He immediately took com- 
mand, but concluded not to push the pursuit until next day. The 
Rehoboth and Providence men returned home, to bring up sup- 
plies for the further pursuit. They hastened back next day with ail 
speed, but found to their great disappointment that Capt. Henchman 
had not moved until that same day, giving the enemy a full day's 
start ; and Lieut. Thomas and his party overtook him on the even- 
ing of August 3d, at a place called by them in the report, '^Wapo- 
soshequash." The enemy were beyond pursuit, a part (Weetamoo's 
people, except the fighting-men ) having turned off into the Narra- 
ganset country, while Philip and the rest passed into the great forests 
beyond Quabaug. The Mohegans went to thair own country on 
August 4th, accompanied by Lieut. Brown and a small party, to 
Norwich, to secure provisions and news of the enemy. Af^er await- 
ing the return of this party three days, Capt. Henchman on August 
7th, marched back to Mendon, meeting Capt. Mosely with a com- 
pany of dragoons coming up from Providence with supplies. Next 
day Capt. Henchman went up to Boston, and the Rehoboth men 
returned home. Capt. Mosely was left in command at Mendon. 
Capt. Henchman was relieved of command in the field and was sent 
to bring off his men remaining at Pocasset. Mendon had been at- 
tacked July 14th, by a party of Nipmucks, led by Matoonas, and six 
or more of the settlers were killed while at work in their fields. 

When the Indians returned from their siege of Brookfield, they 
met Philip and his people in the woods and told him of their exploit. 
He was greatly pleased, and gave some of the chiefs presents of 
wampum, and promised them fresh supplies of ammunition and 
arms. The Brookfield affair had the effect of brinoring: in the falter- 
iiig tribes, and Philip's coming confirmed the plan to clear the Con- 
necticut Valley of English settlers. Massachusetts Colony raised 
several companies to protect the frontiers. Capt. Mosely with his 
own and Capt. Henchman's men marched from Mendon, and Capts. 
Thomas Lathrop of Essex County with a fine company, and 
Richard Beers of Watertown with another, marched to Brookfield 
where their forces were joined by Capt. Watts of Connecticut with 
two companies of English and Indians. Major Willard took com- 
mand of this force, and broke it into several parties in order to better 
protect the several settlements. These companies were engaged in 
scouting the frontiers and guarding supplies sent up to the various 
garrisons. The Springfield Indians, hitherto pretending friendship, 
fled and joined the hostiles on the night of August 24 ; and the 
English, pursuing, had a sharp fight with them at a swamp near 
Mt. Wequomps, losing nine of their own men. The English troops 
were concentrated at Hadley under the general command of Major 
Pynchon. On Sept. 1st the Indians attacked Deerfield, burning 
most of the houses and killing one of the garrison soldiers, and with- 
drew. On the 2d they fell upon Northfield, where many of the 




1891.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 121 

people were abroad at work in the fields, and the women and 
children at the houses in the town. The assault was from all quar- 
ters at once, and many were killed in the fields and aa they escaped 
from their houses to the garrison. The Indians burned most of 
their houses and drove away their cattle* On the 3d, Capt» Beers, 
with thirty mounted men and an ox-team, was sent to briiioj off the 
garrison of Norlhfield, not knowing of this attack. This force on 
the next day was ambushed at Saw-SIill Bank, near Northfield, and 
Capt. Beers and some twenty of his men were killed. Next day 
Major Treat with a hundred men marched up to Northfield, finding 
and burying the dead of Capt. Beers's company, and then bringing 
off the garrison. It was now decided to strengtlien the garrisons 
and act upon tlie defensive. Upon Se|)t. 18th Capt. Lathrop with 
his company was sent to convoy teams bringing loads of grain from 
Deerfield to Hadley. A strong ambuscade was made at a place 
known since as "Bloody Brook," and there the Indians encompassed 
and massacred nearly the whole company, some eighty, including 
the teamsters. Ouly eight or ten escaped. The number killed 
was between sixty and seventy. Capt. Mosely came hastily from 
Deerfield upon hearing the shots, and engaged the great company 
of several hundreds of Indians, charging in amongst them with 
intrepid fury which drove them headlong before him into the woods 
and swamps ; but, finding them gathering in immense numbers and 
seeking to surround him, he threw out his lines to prevent being 
fianked, and began a cautious retreat; when Major Treat coming 
upon the field, the Indians, seeing the reinforcements, fled. 

These terrible reverses threw a gloomy, superstitious fear over 
the colonics. The English troops, hitherto despising the Indians in 
war, now seemed helpless before thenu On Sept. 26th the Indiana 
assaulted Springfield, west of the river, burning the houses and 
bams. On October 5th, having made some demonstrations against 
Hadley, the soldiers were drawn from Springfield to strengthen the 
garrison, the Indians fell upon the latter village and destroyed it, 
before the companies could return to save it. After this blow, 
Major Fynchon begged the Court to appoint a commander of the 
forces on the river in his place, and Major Samuel Appleton was 
appointed, and by advice of the Council garrisoned the various towns 
not abandoned, and then withdrew the other troops to Boston. The 
Connecticut troops helped to garrison Northampton and Westfield, 
and the Indians withdrew to their winter camps. Philip had long 
since gone into winter quarters above Albany. 

But now the colonies determined to strike the Narraganscts in 
their own country before tliey should be able to join the hostiles. 
A great muster was made in three colonies, and an army of one 
thousand men was raised and equipped, half of which was sent from 
Massachusetts. The Narragansets were entrenched in a very strong 
position in a great swamp in what is now South ICingstown, R. I. 

Soldiers in King Philip*^ War, 


It waa claimed that great numbers of WampaDoags and other hoe* 
tiles were among them finding refuge^ and thej were defiant and 
threatening,. The English forcea under command of Gen. WinBlow 
of Plymouth gathered at Wickford, and on December 19th, 1675, 
marched some twenty miles through intense cold and a heavy enow- 
storm, to the awamp ; the waters had been frozen by the severe cold^ 
and this fact made it possible for the English to reach the rude 
fortificatione. Without waiting for any organized attack, the Mas- 
sachusetts troops, being at the front in the march, rushed forward 
across the ice in an impetuous charge, and into the entrance, where 
the Indians had constructed rude flankers, and placed a strong 
block-houae in front, so that the first to enter were met with a terri- 
ble enfilading fire from front and flanks, and were forced back for a 
time; but others coming on pressed into the breach, and, though 
suffering severe losses, at last stormed all the fortifications, drove 
the enemy from every line of entrenchments within the fort, and out 
into the woods and swamps beyond. They set fire to the wigwams 
and fitore-houses of the savages, in which were burned many of the 
aged, and women and children. Then taking their wounded, the 
English took up their marcli back through the deep snow to Wick- 
ford, where they arrived the next morning. 

The details of this fight, as well aa the subsequent movements 
and recruiting of this winter campaign, are given at length in the 
body of the work, and are thus briefly passed here. The Naixagan- 
sets kept well out of the way of the English army, and made many- 
pretences of negotiating peace, but at last, about January 26th, hav- 
ing made several daring raids into the settlements, and captured 
numbers of cattle and horses, Canonchet with his strong rear-guard 
took up his line of retreat for the north, and two days afterwards 
the army, some twelve hundred strong, marched in pursuit. The 
Mohegans and Pequots, among the Connecticut forces, led the pur- 
suit, and had several sharp skirmishes with the enemy, always re- 
treating northward. This running fight was kept up ibr several 
days, until provisions having failed and no base of supplies possible, 
the General abandoned the pursuit and marched his troops to Marl- 
borough and thence to Boston* The men suflTered severely in this 
march, from hunger, and it was known for several generations as 
the "hungry march.'* 

The Connecticut forces separated from the others on February 3d, 
and the main body of the army arrived in Boston on the 8th and 
were dismissed. A company under command of Capt. Wade worth 
was left at ]\larIborough to guard the frontiers and neighboring towns. 
Canonchet and his great and warlike Narraganset tribe, maddened 
by what they believed their wrongs, and thirsting for vengeance, 
were now joined with Philip and the other hostile tribes, and all 
within an easy day's call, except Philip and his band who still remained 
m their retreat beyond Albany. The time was critical for the 



Joldiers in King Philip's War. 






settletneota ; prompt action wfts necessary on the part of the Indian 
leaders, to keep their young men in courase and training. Upon 
February 10th the Indians in great force fell ii[fOn Lancaster* and 
nearly destroyed the town. They killed or took captive fifty of the 
people* Among the captives was Mrs, Howlandson, wife of the 
minister. One garrison-bouse was saved by the arrival of Capt. 
Wadaworth and his company from Marlborough. * >n February 
21et a strong body of the enemy suqirised Medficld, although a 
large force of soldiers was then in the town. There were no guards 
set, nor other precautions taken. The soldiers were scattered about 
in the houses, and the Indians placed ambuscades in front of each 
house, and shot them down as they rushed out upon the alarm. 
The enemy were frightened away by the firing of a cannon, and crossed 
the river, burning the bridge behind them. Another army was now 
raised and sent out to the Connecticut River towns, to protect them» 
and try to bring the enemy to battle. There were said to be two 
great fortified camps ; one near the " Wachusett Hill," and the other 
at Menameset, beyond Brookfield, The army was under command 
of Major Thomas Savage, and consisted of three foot companies and 
a troop of horse from Massachusetts* Connecticut sent several 
companies of English and friendly Indians. A number of Christian 
Indians from the Naticks went with Major Savage. The army marched 
to Menameset, March 2d-4th, to find the enemy gone. They 
pursued them to Miller's River, across which they escaped. It was 
thought that this great body of the enemy would now fall upon the 
western towns, so that the army marched thither, nbandoning the 
design upon " Wachusett Hill " encampment. Major Savage dis- 
posed his forces to guard the towns. On March 14th an attack was 
made upon Northampton, but was repulsed with severe loss to the 
enemy. On the 24th they appeared at Hatfield, but finding it well 
garrisoned made no attack, though driving off some horses and 
cattle. The Indians began to prepare for planting fields along the 
river ; and Canonchet with a body of his men went back to their 
country to bring up s€e<l-com, of which large quantities were there 
stored. It is probable that a large company went towards Plymouth 
colony, a small party of whom destroyed the house and family of 
Mr. Clarke at Plymouth village. March 17th they burned Warwick, 
Plymouth Colony sent out a company of fifty under Capt. Michael 
Peirse of Marshfield, to protect its frontiers* A party of twenty 
friendly Indians under " Capt. Amos " was joined with Capt. Peirse. 
This company marched to Seekonk, and there had a sharp skirmish 
with the Indians on the evening of March 25th- Next day, suppos- 
ing they had beaten the Indians, they pursued them and were drawn 
into an ambush and surrounded near Patuxit River with great num- 
bers, flo that they were obliged to fight to the death. The whole 
company, including the officers, were kiUed, together with eight out 
of the twenty Indians. The enemy, too, lost very heavily. March 

Soldiers tn King Philip's War, 

r April, 

28th and 29th the Indiana burned seventy houses and thirty barns 
at Providence. 

In the meantime in Massachusetts the enemy were not idle. 
Lurking parties hovered about Groton, plundering the vacated 
houses, and driving away any stray cattle within safe reach. On 
March 13th they fell upon the town in force. The people were 
gathered in five garrison-houses. One of the garrison-houses was 
captured, but the people mostly escaped to another. The other 
garrison-houses were stoutly defended. The Indians burned the 
unfortified houses and withdrew. On March 2Gth, the fatal day of 
Capt, Peirse*8 destruction, they burned sixteen houses and thirteen 
bams at Marlborough. Capt. Brocklebank, then in command at 
Marlborough, sent out a party in pursuit, who overtook and sur- 
prised the enemy at night sleeping about their fires, fired into their 
midst and put them to flight. On the same day, at Longmeadow, 
a party going to Springfield to church was ambushed by a small 
company of Intliane, and several were captured and killed. 

Finding the campaign to have failed in its main object, the Coun- 
cil ordered Major Savage to withdraw his troops, leaving Capt. 
Wm. Turner, with a hundred and fifty men, to garrison the towns. 
April 7th the army marched homeward. 

But now the Connecticut authorities, fearing a return of the Nar- 
ragansets to their vicinity, in numbers sucli as overwhelmed Capt, 
Peirse, mustered a mixed company of English and Indians, and sent 
them into the Narraganset country under command of Ca|>t8. Deni- 
soo and Avery. These, guided by a captive whom they had taken, 
surprised and captured Canonchet not far from the Patuxit river, 
where he was encamped with a few of his men, while the great body 
were scattered, scouting and foraging. He was soon after executed 
by Oneko, by the judgment of the English authorities. The death 
of Canonchet was really the death-blow of the war, for he was the 
real leader of all active operations at this time, Philip was still the 
chief instigator, however, and now more than before, became, for 
the time, the controlling mind of a larger number than ever before. 
There were dissensions, however, and many of the chiefs began to 
murmur and some to threaten against him as the cause of all their 
troubles. Some of the river tribes began to show signs of weaken- 
ing, and proposed negotiations with the English, Philip withdrew 
to the strong-hold near Wachuset with such as adhered to him, and 
with Qiiinnapin, and such of the Narragansets as followed him. 
The Indians were still active, and watched every chance to strike a 
blow. They came to ^larlborough on Aprd 18th and burned the 
abandoned houses of the settlers. Capt. Brocklebank commanded 
the garrison there and refused to be drawn out into the ambuscades, 
which, before the burning, the Indians had set. On April 20th they 
crept down and encom|>a88ed the town of Sudbury. On that day 
Capt. Wadsworth marched up from Boston with a company of fifty 








Soldiers in King Philip's War* 


men, passed through Sudbury, and doubtless the lines of the enemy, 
without any knowledge of their vicinity. He was forcing bis march 
to relieve tbe garrison at Marlborough, where they arrived about 
midnight on the 20th, and without delay leaving their recruits, took 
those relieved to come home, including Capt. Brocklebank, and 
came back towards Sudbury. The great numbers of Indiana had 
encompassed the town, and in the morning of the 2 Ist began to 
burn outlying houses, to draw out the inhabitants from the garrison. 
They soon made a furious and persistent attack on Haines's garrison 
from morning till mid-day, but were beaten off, until rumors of rein- 
forcements from various quarters caused them to withdraw to meet 
these. Edward Cowell and eighteen troopers coming to the relief 
of Sudbury were attacked, but escaped with only four killed, they 
turning back suspecting the ambush laid for them. Capt. Wads- 
worth soon after arrived by another road, and meeting with an out- 
poet of the enemy rushed forward to engage them^ and, as usual, 
they soon found themselves surrounded by great numbers, and 
were forced to a position on a hill, where most of the company fell 
fighting, including Capts. Wads worth, Brocklebank and Lieut. 
Sharpe. Some sixteen of the company managed to escape to a 
mill, and there defended themselves until relieved. A company 
from Watertown arrived soon after Capt. Wads worth, and crossing 
the river, made a brave attempt to get to the hill to join him in his 
desperate fight, but were nearly surrounded themselves and forced 
to retire. Capt. Hunting with a company of Christian Indians and 
a squad of troopers arrived from Charlestown late in the afternoon, 
m time to rescue the men at the mill. After this fight, in which 
they struck such a terrible blow% and so close to Boston, too, they 
6eem to have retired to their several camps, and soon to have 
gathered to their great fishing-places in order to take the 
run offish. Capt. Turner was still in command of the garrisons at 
the west. From captives wlio had escaped, and scouts here and 
there, came rumors of a great company of Indians fishing at tlie 
*' Upper Falls " of the Connecticut, Capt. Turner and his officers 


were anxious to strike a blow 


the enemy, and Connecticut 

authorities were applied to, and promised speedy reinforcements. 
On ^lay 12tli the Indians made a raid into Deerfield meadows and 
atampeded some seventy head of cattle belonging to the English. 

the people urged retaliation, and 

determined to attack the Indians at 

On May 18th the whole company 

Mxjy mustered 

'Falls," They 

Housed by this fresh outrage, 

Capt. Turner and \\\% officers 

their great fishing place at once. 

of soldiers and volunteers, about one hundred and 

at Hatfield, and marched out at evening towards the 

eluded the outposts of the enemy, and at daylight arrived undis- 
covered at the camp of the Indians at the fishing-place. The sav- 
ages were asleep io their wigwams, and the English rushed down 
upon them and shot them by scoreSj pointing their muskets in 

126 Sotdiera in King Philip's War. [April, 

through the wigwam doors. No resistance was possible, and those 
who escaped the first fire fled in terror to the river, pursued by the 
soldiers and were cut down or driven into the water without mercj ; 
many were drowned attempting to cross the river. 

But it was soon found that there were several other great bodies 
of the Indians, above and below the Falls on both sides of the river, 
and these began to swarm towards the fight. Capt. Turner now 
prudently began a retreat, having struck his blow. As the soldiers 
retired the enemy gathered in great numbers upon rear and flanks, 
seeking to force the English into narrow defiles. Capt. Holyoke 
commanded the rear-guard, and checked the enemy by stout fight- 
ing, but for which, it is likely, the whole command would have been 
lost. Capt. Turner led the advance, and while crossing Green 
Eiver was shot down by Indians lying in wait. Capt. Holyoke 
then led the company back to Hatfield, fighting nearly the whole 
way. There the killed and missing numbered forty-five. A few 
came in afterwards, reducing the number of the lost to about forty. 
It is estimated that some two hundred Indians must have been de- 

The blow struck by Capt. Turner greatly intimidated the enemy, 
though the retreat was so disastrous to the English. The tribes 
became divided and demoralized. They seem to have broken up 
into small wandering parties. Philip with large numbers of his 
adherents went down towards Plymouth. Massachusetts sent troops 
to the western frontiers again, and also to aid Plymouth. The 
operations in the field were mostly the pursuit of non-combatants, the 
aged, and women and children. Large numbers of the Wampa- 
noags and Narragansets had now returned with Philip to their own 
country. Small parties from time to time plundered and killed as 
opportunity offered. The colonists were roused to new activity at the 
evident weakening of the Indians. Aid was sent to Plymouth, under 
Capts. Brattle and Mosely, and Capt. Henchman did good service 
in the parts about Brookfield. Major Talcott, with a mixed force of 
Englisli and Indians, about five hundred in all, came up the river 
and marched into Hadley about the 11th of June, and was quartered 
there on the 12th, when the Western Indians, some seven hundred 
strong, made their last great assault in force in these parts. The 
town was quite strongly garrisoned besides this reinforcement, of 
which probably the enemy knew nothing. The attack was alto- 
gether unexpected and was furious and determined, but the repulse 
was decided and sanguinary. Major Talcott then led his force down 
into the Narraganset country, where, about the 2d of July, he 
encountered a great body of Indians, and driving them into the 
woods and swamps slew great numbers, and took many captives. 
The plight of the savages was pitiful; without ammunition, without 
leadership, without country or hope of any sort, they found no 
mercy now at the hands of their olden foes, the Mohegans and Pe- 
quots, nor yet the English. 

The reraaining operationa of the war in these parts were flimply 
the huntiDg down of almost defenceless enemiei*. The co]oiii«l 
authorities issued a proclumation, calling all those Indians who had 
been engaged in the war to come in and surrender, submittin;^ 
themselves to the judgment of the English courts. Maoj parties 
sought to take advantage of this, but were captured upon their 
approach by scouting parties, and treated as captives. Some of 
those who hatl been prominent in the war and could not hope tor 
mercy, escajjed to the eastward and put themselves under lire pro- 
tection of WanunlaTicet and his Pennacooka, who had remained 
neutral. Some fled further to the east* and there incttetl war. 

The constant success which the Connecticut troops had always 
had after their use of the Mohcgnns and Pequots, was a plain rebuke 
to the Massachusetts colonists fur the numerous disasters from vvliich 
the Christian Indtans might hnve saved them, if they had trusted 
and employed them. As soon as Capt. Hunting and his Indian 
company were put in the field, this appeared. The Indians in small 
parties skulking in woods and swamps might have eluded English 
soldiers for years, but as soon as other Indians were employed, 
escape was impossible. 

At the close of July, many of Philip's folh>wer8 had been taken, 
and his wife and several of his chief men were captives or had been 
killed. With a small band of his followers he was hiding in the 
Bwnmps at Mounthope and Pucaeset. English scouting parties 
were active in all parts of the colonies hunting down the trembling 
and unresisting fugitives ; and especially Philip. Benjamin Church 
was among the most active in hunting and bringing in the Indians* 
and when one of Philip's men came to betray his chief, he found 
Mr. Church at Major Sanfurd's in Rhode Inland witii his scouting 
party of English and Indians a short distance away. Upon the 
news of Philip's hiding-place and the offer of the Indian to lead 
thither, Mr. Church gathered as many as he could enlist in addition 
to his party, and, under the lead of the Indian deserter (who acted* 
it is said, from motives of revenge for his brotlier's death, by Philijj's 
hand, because he advisetl him to make peace with the English), the 
party marched with great secrecy to Mounthope. Mr. Church 
arranged his attack with skill, and came u[>iin Philip's party un- 
guarded and asleep, and Philip springing up and attempting to 
escape to the swamp near by, was cunfmnted witli two of Mr. 
Church's guards, an Englishman and an Indian. The Englishman's 
gun missed fire, but the Indian, named "Ahlerman,'* imntediately 
fired and shot the great chief through tlie l)reast, st^ that he fell for- 
ward into the water of the swamp, upon his face, dead. Phihp was 
killed August 12th, 1676. Weetamoo's party, the sad remnant of 
her tribe, had been captured on the 7th, and she, trying to escape 
across a river, was drowned, and, !ier body being found, her head 
waa cut off and paraded in the public streets. In the body of the 

VOL. XLV. 13 

128 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [April, 

papers, by a strange continuance of an old mistake, this fact is 
accredited to Awashonks, squaw sachem of the Sogkonates. 

After Philip's death, his chief counsellor Annawou led the rest of 
the party out of the swamp and escaped. With his party he soon 
after surrendered to Mr. Church. The death of Philip was practi- 
cally the close of the war, thou^i^h hostilities continued for some time 
longer, and at the eastward for a year or more longer. At Dover 
Major Richard Waldeme had held command of the military interests 
and operations in those parts. He was a trusted friend of Wanna- 
lancet and the neighboring Indians. Under the proclamation the 
old chief and his people came in without fear, as they had taken no 
part whatever in the war. There were many Indians with them, 
however, it was suspected, who had been among the hostiles and 
now wished to come in with the Pennacooks and secure the advan- 
tages of their influence in giving themselves up. They began to 
come in at Dover about the first of September, and when, on the 
6th, the companies, sent to the eastward under Capt. Hathorn, 
arrived at Dover, there were some four hundred there, including the 
Pennacooks. In some way the immediate surrender of all these 
was received, probably by Major Walderne's great influence with 
them. They were then disarmed, and as the Massachusetts officers 
insisted upon treating all as prisoners of war, Major Walderne 
was oblig^ to send all, save Wannalancet and his ^relations,'' down 
to Boston to be tried there by the Court. The number sent was 
about two hundred. 

Some of the Southern Indians, having lost all except their own 
lives, passed to the Eastern tribes and were active in exciting to 
hostility. The local Indians had been hostile the previous year, 
connnittiug depredations from the Kennebec to Portsmouth. In the 
summer of 1676, it is thought that many who had been among the 
Indians in the war, came to these tribes and caused much of the 
trouble which ensued. The day before Philip's death the Indians 
fell upon the settlers at Falmouth, and killed or carried away some 
thirty-four persons and burned their houses. Further eastward also 
the settlements were attacked. It was upon these occasions that 
Capt. Hathorn 's force was sent to these parts. They marched on 
from Dover on September 8th, as far as Falmouth, Capt. Hunting's 
Indians scouting the woods. This expedition was not of much 
avail, as the Indians easily eluded the troops, being only war parties 
without the encumbrance of women and children. 

But the scope of this review of events did not contemplate the 
detailed account of affairs which have already been related in the 
body of the work, but to give a consecutive account for the con- 
venience of readers. 

1891.] Letters of CoL Thomaa Wesihrootc and others. 129 



Coouxriiniciited by William Blake TrasXi A.M., of Porclieator, Mus. 

[ContlDoed rmm page Z6,] 

S* York, y* 8*»> of April 1724. 

The reason I sent not the meo you order'd To Serg* Brown, all 
were in the Woods till yesterdtiy. Since I saw your Order I had iioue hut 
tick niid Creeped. I now send Corp" Aver'U with Six mou as p' your 
Order. My men are all most ofF their Leggs, many Sick att this Tina©. I 
hope to See your Honour this AV'ay in a short time. I shall do all I oJin 
with what Met* I have able to Semi I heartyly Which [wish] your Hon" 
Well fair. With the Knclosed you'ave this^ Which is All. From your 
Humble Servant att Command, Johnson Harmon. 

A Trae Coppie. 

P. S. I have discovered Nothing Worth Mentioning. J. H. 
. Arch. 51; 3^)7. 

May It Please your Hon' Kennebunk, April 11, 1724. 

1 rec** your Leu^ and Orders y" 9"' Currant, By Ensign Pyke, 
jch were dated on the First 6c Second of This Instant. I have Enlisted 
me men, and wait A Few days for the answer of Sundry more. I have 
9ent Orders To Cpt Harmon, To Enlist Some, he being where the Boddy 
of The Inliahitauce live. If ihe«e measures do not do, in A Few days I 
shall Send Colt. Wheelwrifjht his Orders, I shall make the best of my 
way To York & Berwick tomorrow If The Weather will permitt. I have 
Guarded y* People of This Place This Week with a Small number of 
men to Gett Down their Lumber. The Indians were Like to Catch A 
Man att Wells y* ^"^ Currant. The Inclosed is a Coppy of Cpt. Ilarmana 
I^tt', Which gives the State of His Company, Which I Fear will in Some 
Measure defeat your Hon" Projections att present. 

I am Your Hon" Dutiful And Hum*'" Ser* 

Tho' Westbrook. 

May It Please your Hon' Paper is Very Scarce With Me. 
Superscribed : 

On his Maj*'"' Service, 
To The Hon'*'* Williuni Dommer Ks(f 

Leni' Gov' and Comander in Chief &o. in Boston. 
Mass. Arch. 51: 398. 

May it Please y' Hon'. Yorke, April 13»** 1724. 

Since mine of y" IP* Inst, I am come to this i»lace. Capt Har- 
mon is Endeavouring to Kiilist men, so wee shall see w' men will Enlist in 
a few days. Capt Harmon has 1^ men sick and sundry of Cap* Moultous, 
there is two more dead then I gave an Ace* of; being in great hast I must 

130 Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrook and others, [April, 

be^ y' Hod" pardon, I cannot be more p'ticular, the Sloop being under 
Sail. I am jour Hon" dotifull humb^ Serv*. 

Mass. Arch. 51 : 898. Tho* Westbbook. 

May it please your Hon' Yorke, April 16"* 1724. 

The bearer hereof, Samuel Choak, is troubled with Convulsion 
fitts, 4& therefore uncapable of Service. I have p'mitted him to wait on 
y' Honour; he was dismist the Service on this Account in Coll** Waltons 
time & now has taken Six Founds of one Eembal, of Bradford, & came 
in his room. I am y' Hon" dutiful Humb** Serv* 

Tho' Westbrook. 
Superscribed : 

On his Maj*'^' Service 
To the Hon*' William Dummer Esq' 

Leiut Gov' & Commander in Cheif &c. at Boston. 
Mass. Arch. 51: 899. 

May it please your Hon'. Yorke, April IS*** 1724. 

My last, of the 12^ Currant, gave an Ace* of my being at this 
place & the measures wee were takeing ; the people are not steady in what 
they pretend, one day they say they will Enlist, another they don't know, 
and want promises how far they must march out of Town ; finding them of so 
many minds, I have sent Coll** Wheelwright your orders to Impress fifty 
men, w^'* are wanting to Compleat the Comp^' & to make up Thirty more, 
notwithstanding wee have Enlisted sundry. Your Hon' will see what is 
wanting by the Inclos'd List.* Cap*" Harmon, as he Informs me, he has 
not had time to make up his Accounts with the Treasurer this long time; 
he desires to wait on your Honour to ask leave, which I have Consented 
to, it being such a time that there is no marching far into the Country, the 
Swamps & Rivers being so full of Water, of which he will be able to give 
a more p'ticular account, and also of the State of the Army and the present 
Affaires. I am y' Hon" dutifull humb* Servant, 

Mass. Arch. 51 : 400. Tho' Westbrook. 

May it please your Hon'. 

Leui* John Lane has been so Imprudent to suffer his men to Kill 
sundry Creatures belonging to the People of the County of York. As 
soon [as] 1 heard of it I sent for and Examin'd him before Cap* Moulton <& 
Capt° Harmon ; he did not deny the fact, but own'd it and made satisfaction 
to the people [who] recc'd the damage, and promises to amend for the 
future. 1 inform'd him I must acq* your Hon' of him, and if he desir'd it 
I would give him liberty to wait on y' Hon' and so more p'ticularly informe. 
I am heartily sorry for his Imprudence. 

York April 21'* 1724. I am your Hon" dutifull Serv*. 

Tho' Westbrook. 

P. S. I gave Franklyn a written order not to let Anderson go ashore 
till he had known y' Hon" pleasure concerning him, notwithstanding he 

• I mean your Honour will see by the Inclos*d list and the Ace** 1 sent in my Letters 
Dated the l«t & 11th Currant, I Cannot send Cap* Moulton to Richmond till Captn Bourn 
comes to receive the men and arras.— [T. W.] 

1891.] Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrook and others, 131 

took him ashore at Casco, where he made his Escape from him. Eds" 
Wright found him at Piscataqua, had him before Justice Penhallow, who 
Committed him to Portsm"* Goal; the keeper gave hira the lilierty of the 
Yard to walk in, w'''^ gave hira an Oppertunity to make his Escape and w*^ 
he never gave y' authority notice of till Six days after. 
Superscribed : 

Letf from Colh Westbrook. April 16, 1724* 
To the Honb^ William Dtimmer Esq' 

Lein* Gov' & Comander in Cheif &c« at Boston, 
Mass. Arch. 51 : 40L 

8'. Black poynte, Apr^i f l9'^ 1724. 

This is to Inform you, that the Ijidiaus yestarday kil'd m^ Miehell, 
of Spurwink, and tooke Captive two of his oldist sons, and this morni[jg we 
hard fourtean or fiftean guns up at wioicka neck, up black poynle Reaver. 

Mass. Arch. 51 : 406. ^athaj^ Kniout. 

May It please your Hon^ York, April SI** 1724. 

I receiv'd the Tnclos'd at one a Clock afternoon, I have receiv'd 
but Twenty Two of the Fifty men Coll'' Wheel wright was to Impress. I 
design to get out a Scout on Saco and Anauscoggin as soon as possible. I 
wrote by Cap* Harmon, w*'^ will Inform your Hou' there is sundry scattering 
garriaons which I expect will be surprised if not calFd in by the ColP of 
the Regiment. The people generally preach up peace to themselves if the 
Indians do not knock some in the head in Six or Seven days. 
I am your Hon" dutiful humble Serv^ 

Too' Westbrook. 
P* S. I mean what is wrote by Cap^* narmon will give a more p*ticular 
Ace* relateing to Cullo' Wheelwrights impressing men. The 19*"^ Ins* ab* 
sun sett, I went to Fi&cataqiia & arrivM here again on Monday following. 

A Sloop man that lately arrived here, brings news that a gentleman in 

Marble head had receiv'd a letter from a gentlemau in Boston that the 

r»quaj8 had o3ered to bind themselves and Estates over as a security that 

they would keep y* Indians oif us, which very moch Lulls our people in 


Superscribed : 

Letter from Col!. Westbrook. April 21, 1724, 
On his Mnj'*" Especial Service 
To the Hon*»^* William Dummer Esq' 

Leui' Gov' & Commander in Cheif &c. at Boston, With Speed. 
Arch. 51 : 406. 

May it please your Hon' 

This morning, about Eight a Clock, I rec*d the Inclos'd w*** gives 
le Aoc* of three mens beirig killM at Kenuebunk^ they were trackt on the 
:k of this Town the 23** Ins* & two seen at Cape Nettlck the same 
day; Leiu* Jn" Harmon marcht with thirty one men the 23** Ins* to Ber- 
wick, & from theoce to march through the woods to Ossibye River, and 
then to fall down Saco River to the most likely places of the Indians passing 

• It will be noticed that the date on the endorsement is dlffbrent from that on the letter* 
VOL. xi.y. 13* 


132 Letiera of OoL Thomas Weatbrook and othera. [April, 

and repassing, there to Spend a months time before he retams. His men 
not being able to Carry Provision enough to last them y* Scout, I have or- 
dered him about Sixteen days hence to meet a Scout of men at Saco Sam- 
mon falls, by w^^ I intend to send him Provision Enough to Enable him to 
tarry out the time. Cap*" Moulton, with part of his Comp^, marcht to 
Joyu the remainder at Richmond, and Immediately to proceed up Kenne- 
beck river, there lie in Ambuscade for the same term of time. Cap^ 
Harmons Comp^ is likewise on their march to Royals river, and from thence 
to proceed to Amuscoggin River, where they are to tarry dureing the Same 
term of time. I propos'd to some of the Commission officers of the Militia, 
that when our Scouts are lodg'd, that they rally together the Inhabitants, 
& that with the remainder of the Soldiers & part of them they range the 
woods on the backs of the Towns, In hopes to find them out or else drive 
them [to] our fronts, but I have rec'd no Answ' from them. 
I am your Hon" dutifuU Humble Servant 

York, April 26^ 1724. [Thomas Westbrook.] 

P. S. Those Scouts & that I propose to send to Saco Falls, with pro- 
vision, are all the men I can find Capable to march into the Country, there 
being many Sick and weak among us. 

Superscribed : 

To the Honb^ W" Dunmier Esq' Leiu* Gov' &c. 
Letter from Coll. Westbrook. 

Mass. Arch. 51 : 407. 

Richmond, April 27»»» 1724. 


S'y Yours pr. Ensigne Clark I had the Honour of Receiving. 
The large house for the accomodation of the Mohawks is up & finished, 
Except the Chimneys, for which y* brick are making & will be Ready in 
few Days. In case the mohawks come Down I Believe they will expect 
Such thiugs as they shall want will be Lodg** here, I Desire therefore that 
such Necessarys as your Honour shall think it proper to Supply them 
with, may be Sent, with instructions for my Gouerment in Disposing there- 
of, as well as the provission & ammunition I am to Deliver them from time 
to Time. I have lately buryed three of my men who Dyed suddenly with 
a pi u re tick Fever. 

CoUo' Westbrook order** me to Dismiss 1 6 men of my Company & sent 
me but 14 of the Recruits, he also Detein** an other of my men (viz. Eben- 
ezer Nutting) as an Armorur at Falmouth, & I understand the Recruits 
are all Dispos'd of, nevertheless I Don't mention this by way of complaint 
against the Colo^ in the least, but only to Discharge my Duty in acquainting 
your Honour with y* State of this Garrison. 

The Season to Expect the Enemy is now come, & they are gathering 
together. And in order to be Enabled to Eutercept some of them And 
also Trot out a party of y* Ablest to march with y* mohawks (if they come, 
& your Honour thinks it proper) I should be very Glad to be made up a 
full Company, But Humbly Submit. 

And with Dutifull Respect 

I am Your Honour most Humble Obedient Servant, 

Mass. Arch. 51 : 408. Joseph Heath. 

1891,] Letters of CoL TkomaB WeBthrooh and others, 133 


Hon* Sir, 

There is a house Lately made defenceable near y* head of 
York river, built by M^ Robert Ciitt and some few Iiihabitatita reside 
there, the keeping of wliich bouse will bo a very great Annoyance to y" 
Enemy, and will be a great Security to the greatest part of Kittery and all 
the Inhabitants on the south side of York river, it being the place where 
the Indians frequently come in with their Scouts. You being at y* head 
of the forces, doubt not but it is in your power* therefore our humb^ request 
is, that Six or Eight Soldiers be posted there for the reasons above said. 
Wee are Sir y' Ilumb' Servf 

W« Peperell 
May It please your Honour The house 
that the Gontlemcn Sett forth lies about 
a mile and quarter from Major Frosta 
garrison, so that the pooting some Sol» 
diera there, that tbey raiglit have a Com- 
nmnlcation one with another, would be 
very much for the security of all the 
lower part of Kittcry and the people on 
the South side of York river, and to the 
people hi getting there Hay out of the 
marshes. It thcing so great a Service to 
so many people I have presumed to lodge 
Ave or six Ineffective men that were not 
Utt to march, till your Hon" plcasiire be 
known in that Ail'air, 
I am y' Hon" dutif nil Humble Servant, 
Tho" Westbrook. 
York, April 28"' 1724. 
A true Coppy. 

Maas. Arch. 51 : 409. 

Jofl: Hammond 
John Leigh ton 
Nicho' Shapley 
Uich^ Gowel 
Jn° Tompson 
Stephen Tobby 
EHhii Jimmison 
Ricli'^ Cutt 
W™ Peperil Juu' 
Nich" Morril 
Geo: Jackson 
W-^ Fernald 
Roger Dearing 
Nicholas Weeks 
Tho' Jenkins 
Clement Dearing 
Eben' Moore 
Sam" Came 
Joseph MoultoQ 
Joseph Say ward 
Joseph Young 
Jon* Bean 

May it Pleaae y^ Hon^ Georgetown, April 29*^ 1724. 

I rec** y' Hon'* Letters of March 20'^S on© respecting Sam'^ Hop* 
kins, whom I Perciev'd had made a Compl* he was not discharged with y* 
Other men, altho' he was intitied to a Dismission, it Can be oo Little per- 
plexity to your Flon*^ to be troubled w"* Such Matters. 

Your Hon' will find p' my List, I returned him a man that was in y* 
Service above 2 years, & was therefore directed to be dismissed p' your 
Hon** order, but inasmuch as y* men did not Arrive here (to exchange 
othera) 'till somtime in Feb' he took Occasion to write to your Honour by 
way of Co mp^*; he was one of the men I d[elivere]d into y* Marching 
Comp* under y* Comm*' of L' Bourn, & was dismissed as soon as y* New 
Recruits arrived here, so y' I am no ways Culpable; but in Case he hiwi 
not been dbmissed it had not been my fault, that Matter being Committed 
to y* Col. Yet altho* he was discharg'd he hired himself into y* Service 
in y* Room of Another that was Released. 

P' your Hon" Other Letter am iuform'd your Hon' has taken into Coo- 
tideration the State of this Place, & Pursuant to your directions I have 
order'd the Inhabitants into Garrison. 

134 Letters of Col. Thomas Westhrooh and others. [April, 

I Rejoyce your Hon' has a Regoard to Small Point, of w*^ shoold Speak 
were I not a person Interested there, yet wou'd Crave Leave to Say, it's a 
Place of Importance, it being a Cover & Secnrity to the fishery &c it will 
be a Damage to y* Grovemment Such a Place should be Slighted, Especially 
Considering there is so good a Garrison, w®^ every body inll Say is y* Best 
in y* Province, save Castle W™ db More Easily defended with a few men* 

The Latter end of May will be above 6 Months since I made up my 
Roll ; if your Hon' thinks fit I should come to Boston in May Sessions for 
that end, I would pray your Honours Liberty by the Next Sloop. 
I am y' Hon" Most Dutifull <& Most Ob* Hum. Serv* 

John Penhallow. 

We have Nothing New Respecting the Indians, Except a Small Scout 
we fired at about our Grarrisons about 8 Nights Past 

To the Hon*»« L* Gov' Dummer. 
Mass. Arch. 51: 410, 4n. 

May it please your Hon' 
The Enclosed is a Coppy of an Impertinent Letter from M' Peter 
Nowell, Representative of York, which I am almost asham'd to trouble your 
Honour widi, neither should I have presumed to have done it had it not 
seem'd to have refiected on your Honour, he asserting that your Honour 
promis'd the men should be dismist in Convenient time to help to put their 
seed into the ground. His daily declareing he has brought a present dis- 
mission for the men has Created a great deal of uneasiness among the 
people. I have nothing material to Acquaint your Hon' with since mine 
of the 26*^. I am your Hon" dutiful humble Servant, 

To his Honour the Leiu* Grov'. Tho' Westbbook. 

York May !•» 1724. 

[P. S.] I rec'd y' Hon'^ p* m' Nowell and shall observe your ord" 
therein on their return, w*''^ will be in a Month or Six weeks. T. W. 
[To Leiu* Governor Dummer, &c] 
Mass. Arch. 51 : 412. 

Richmond, May 6"» 1724. 

S' I Take this Opportunity to Tender Humble thanks for the 
Late Expression of your Honours Favour & Goodness towards me, And 
shall Endeavour, to the uttermost, to act worthy of y' Good Opinion. 

I have been in the woods Continually, Since I came from York, an aoc* 
of which Collo^ Westbrook saith he will send you to which please to be 

I have two Rolls to bring before your Honour. And the Souldiers Con- 
tained therein being in suffering circumstances for want of their pay, I 
intreat a permission to come & present them At this Session, If it be 
thought proper. 

I am your Honours Humble Obedient Serv* 

Jebemiah Modlton.* 
To The Hon"* William Dummer Esq. 
Lieu* Grouernour and [&c.] 
Mass. Arch. 51 : 415. 

• A scouting joamal of Jeremiah Moalton, dated York, July 4, 1723, may be found in 
Mass. Archives, Vol. 38A, pp. 42, 43. It is a Journal of his proceedings, after he left Col. 


Georgetown, May 13** 1724. 
May it Please your Honour 

Yesterday morning, al>out 9 of y* Clock, three of my men going 
within a Gon shot of y* Garrisou (to drire up some Cowfi) were arabnshed 
by ahout 50 or GO Indians, whom we Judge fired upon the Enemy, who 
ImmediHtly discharged upon 'em about 20 Gunfl. & then Ran directly upon 
our men. After that, they fired upon thi& Garrison somtime, while a 
Party of 'era were destroying the Cattle; they tfirryed here tliree or 4 
hours before we discovered 10 Canoos ^oing offt who Landed abuut a Mile 
distant from us upon thit* Island. I then Mustered of our Little Party 
what I Could Venture to draw out of y* Garrisons, w*^ the assistance of 
Cup* Tiltou & five or fi fishermen. I went out to bring off the dead men, 
Supposint; they had been killVl^ & after we hnd Scouted an hour or two 
about a Mite Round upon this Point, We Returu'd without finding them, 
so that we Judge they Carried 'em oflT alive. 

The Indians are Still about us; this morning, liefore Sun Rise, Several 
Appeared Runin^ into the woods, who Skulked iieary* Garrison Last night. 
I expect we shall have *em about us till we have some Reliefe, our weak- 
ness l>eing now discovered. The Men being Posted in the three Garrisons 
I Could not, at this Juncture, send off a Boat w^ Intelligence without 
danger of having her Surprized, as well as Runing y* hazard of Loosing 
the three Garrisons, so that I have desired Cap* Tiltoo to be the bearer 
hereof as far as Falmouth, otherways must have Run y* risque of Sending 
off a Boat. 

1 hope we shall soon have a Recruit from the Col : aa your Honour ha* 
inform *d me; in the mean time, shall be as diligent & Carefull as Possible. 

The names of y* men taken are, viz* Morgan Miles, Thomas Gillis, 
Corn* Pass. 

I am y' Hon'* Mmt dutiful & Most Ob* Hum' Serv', 

Mass. Arch. 51 : 416, 417. John Penhallow» 

May it please your Honour, 

According to my letter of the 26**' of April, w***" Informs that Leiu* 
Harmon marclit the 23* and was not able to carry provision enough to stay out 
the time your Honour bad orderwl him, I ordered Sarj' Brown, with Twenty 
men, to meet him at Saco Sammon Falls, who mett Leiu* Harmon on hia 
return, who was not able to stay by reason of so much bad weather and all 
the back of the Country so full of Water, Esijeciall}^ the Intervale laud on 
ihe Rivers, wliere he was to way lay, they were oblig'd to march some 
miles together up to their Middles in water, and some of the men fell into 
holes, and had like to have been drowned, as they Inform me. Brown^ not- 
withstanding, is gone about twenty Mjlea up Saco River, there to stay a 
few days and way lay two Rafts where Leiu' Harmon had perceiv'd the 
Indians had come over the River. I doubt the Scouts on Amuscoggin and 

Wctttirook, on the 6\h of May of thnt year, to mnrch with twentY-flTO men througti the 
wood* to Wells, and there to scout and guard the Inhflbitants of W^ells, Berwick iind York. 
" ]|ih I wrnt," he «»yi», ♦* with iliat part of ray scout, I liAd \Titb mo, to Kiiterr, In order to 
Oar'-' ^ ' ' '" r Court to York: the other part of mv Bcout kept scouting 

on t .' Ifith, we Garded the Judges lo York." '*0n y« 19**^, 

Sa>« !»:ick of Wc]ls, in liopo to find cum of the Lurkin Enemr 

Lnrkiii^' 4i? they went to meeting, hut we foancl none of them, alcbongh 

somof tt ri Uy rhe Inbrtbiumcti while we wair in the woods." Sab»e- 

qu«iitly, Lv .. „_ ^„ ,, cv-..ii with Capt. Harmoa. 

136 Letters of OoL Thomas Westbrooh and others. [April, 

Kennebeck Rivera will meet with the same disappointmeots. I am sending 
Capt° Harmon (as soon as the Country Sloop comes down which I sappos'd 
would have been here ere this, had there not been so manj Easterly winds) 
with what men I can make, down to the Islands to range there, these moon 
light nights, it being the time of the Indians gathering Eggs and Catching 
Sea Ducks as they sitt The Officers are very desirous to go and make up 
their Rolls in a little time, therefore, desire y' Hon' to send directions 
thereabout I am your Hon" dutifull Humb^ Serv' 

York, May 16^ 1724. Tho' Westbrook. 

Mass. Arch. 51 : 419. 

May it please your Hon' 
I came to this place about Ten a Clock forenoon, where I heard 
that there was a Packett gone along the day before, to acquaint your 
honour that the Indians had been at Arrowsick and kilFd or carried away 
three men. Tts said, there was Fifty of them seen. I cannot say much 
about it, not haveing my Letters, they being carried along also. I have 
dismist forty Two of the new rais'd men and shall dismiss the rest as soon 
as they return. 

The Indians are seen, frequently, all along our frontier from Arrowsick 
to Kingstown, where they kiird or took four people on the 16*** Ins*. The 
Inclos'd is a Coppy of Sarj* Browns Journal. 

I am your Honours dutifull humble Serv* 
Arundal, May 20*** 1724. Tho' Westbrook. 

Mass. Arch. 51 : 420. 

A Journal begun May 9"* 1724 by Allison Brown. 

Saturday, I rec'd orders from Coll** Westbrook to march to Saco river ; 

this day proved stormy. 
D^ 10»\ Vi< " ' 

Victualed the men for nine days and marcht to Saco Falls, where 
I rec'd the remainder of the men to Compleat Twenty men ; stormy. 

D° ll"*. Marcht from this place (takeing M' Jn** Stagpole as Pilot, pur- 
suant to the Coll°* orders) about six miles up the River, to Swan Pond 
Creek, where wee way layd and Ambusht the River. 

D° 12***. This day marcht up the River to the Sammon Falls, where 
wee lodged and Ambusht the River ; stormy weather. 

D' 13"". Marcht about five miles up the River, and return*d to our 
Camps; the storm continued. 

D** 14*^. Marcht about Eight miles down the River, where wee lodged 
and way laid the River. 

D° 15*^ Wee continued to march down the River, and in the Evening 
came to the lower falls. I went to the Inhabitants, to know if they would 
get down their Logs, but they said they could not, the River being so very 
high. Hearing an alarm down the River, wee Immediately marcht down 
the River to Leiu* Scammon's, to know the occasion, who Informed me that 
Cap*" Ward had discovered an Indian thereabout. 

D« 16^ Marcht to Arundal. 

The River is so overflow'd, and the woods so full of water, that there 
was no going unless the men waded to their Middles, over many brooks 
w"** wee were obliged to pass over ; some were so great that several men 
were oblig'd to Swim over and cutt trees on each side to meet, so that the 


Champdore in N^eto England, 1608. 


rest might briog their provisioa over dry^ the Swamps and Intervale laod 
was BO overflown that 'twas leg deep as wee march t. 

Allison Brown. 
A true Coppy, 
Endorsed — p'" Moses Markham Clk. 

Sarg* Browns Journal, May 9*^ 1724. 
Mass* Arch. 3dA, p. '(^i^. 


I rec** your Letter, by Cpt. Cox, with your Projection respectiug 
a Decoy for the Indiana by Sending a Number of Sohliers in the Fishing 
Tessels, W**^ I approve of, & Direct you to man the said Fi^hing vessels 
accordingly, & send some Commission Officer with them. 1 hope CpL 
Bourne & his Indians will be with you in a few Days, & y* you'l Imploye 
them dilligently, according to my last instruction Concerning them, & that 
some notable Impressions will be matle on the Enemy in the Eastern Parts 
as have of late been Westeward, Where our Forces have behaved them' 
aelves with a Gallantry worthy all our Soldiers Imitation, And w*-** by good 
Providence has been attended w'*^ answerable Success, in the Destruction 
of a great Number of the Enemy. Y" humble Serv^ 

Boston* May 21, 1724. W^^ Dummer. 

Mass. Arch* 51 : 424. 

[To Im oomtliiiied.l 


By the Rev. B. F. De Cobta, D.D., of Nctt York City. 

Pierre Angibaut, called "Champdor^." has hitherto been 
known simply as a pilot in the service of De Mont, and not as 
an actual leader of an independent expedition. Nevertheless, in 
1608, Champlain's former associate brought out a company of colo- 
nists to New France, and sailed down the ]VIaine coast as far as 
Saco. This expedition has escaped treatuieut, for the reason that 
the statements concerning it have appeared confused, if not con- 
tradictory. It has been taken for granted, that the etforts of the 
French, after the desertion of Port Koyal, in 1G07, were suspended 
until IGIO, This, however, will appear to be a mistake, as 
Lescarbot, in his edition of 1G09, gives an account of an expedition 
that evidently went out in 1608. It is true tliat, in the nutumn of 
that year, the Jesuit father, Biard, went to Bordeaux for the purpose 
of joining an expedition which he understood was to have been 
fitted out by Poutrincourt, but upon his arrival be could learn 

• This article was written some fifteen yeiu-B ago, on flnding that Parkmtin had over- 
lookeU Uie cxi>cditioB of 1608, which had also been overlooked by everv author of whom 
the wrik-r had any knowledge. Sabwqnently, Dr. Slaftcr, In editing the Prince Society's 
edition of Chuniplnin's work, noted the fact that lUo VQjago was made. It ia thuQ fbr 
CluuDpdori to httvti dae reooguition« 

138 Champdore in New England^ 1608. [April, 

nothing about it. Poutrincourt had indeed promised the King to 
undertake the work again that year, but he made no movement until 
1610. In the meanwhile, however, an expedition was sent bj De 
Mont, who had secured a grant giving him the monopoly of the fur 
trade for one year. Biard probably knew nothing of this expedition, 
though he understood that a movement was in progress. Besides, 
the members of his Order were not wanted in the colony, and it was 
not until 1611 that Biard succeeded in getting out to Fort Royal, 
notwithstanding the influence of the King and Queen was thrown 
in his favor.* From our general knowledge of the subject, it might 
be concluded that De Mont allowed the Jesuits to suppose that the 
expedition ^as to leave Bordeaux at the end of 1608, in order to be 
well tid of them, while at the time arranging to sail from St. Malo. 
The same year, under the same monopoly, De Mont sent Cham- 
plain with two vessels to Canada. It is possible that the expedition 
of Champdor^ was authorized in consideration of receiving a portion 
of the profits. 

But before speaking of the voyage, it will be necessary to state 
what is known concerning Pierre Angibout, as in the future he must 
take rank with the worthies, who, amidst perils and privations, 
labored to achieve the conquest of the wilderness of New England. 

In Champlain's narrative, Champdor^ is traduced and denied his 
proper place, owing clearly to the jealousy excited by his merits. 
Champlain says that he was a good carpenter ; but he must have 
been something more, in order to hold his place as pilot and navigator 
for a period of three years, and to be entrusted with an independent 
expedition in the fourth. Champlain, perhaps, felt that his appoint- 
ment, after a long trial, to this responsible post, formed a sarcasm 
upon his attempts to cheapen Cbanipdor^^s merits, and he does not 
allude either to his appointment or his voyage. Lescarbot, however, 
recognizes Champdor^'s services, also addressing a sonnet to him, 
as Pierre Angihaut dit Champ-dore Capitaine de Marine en la 
Nouvelle France,^ 

In describing the buildings at St. Croix, Lescarbot speaks of the 
abodes of " Sires d'Orville> Chaplain, Champdor6, and other 
notable personages." Again, in speaking of those whom De Mont 
left behind at Port Royal to pass the winter of 1605-6, he mentions 
Monsieur Champlain and Monsieur Champdor^, the one for 
geography and the other for the conducting and guiding the 

The position of Champdor^ while attached to the colony was 
clearly defined ; and though at times the geographer was obliged to 
recognize the pilot's capacity, he nevertheless seeks every occasion 

• On this question, see Relations des Jiauites, Vol. I. p. 2,5; Shea's "Charlevoix," Vol. 
I. p. 260; and Parkman's *' Pioneers," Chapters V. and VI. The Unguenots fought the 
Jesuits to the last. 

t Les Muses de la NotnelU France^ p. 42. 

X Histoire de la NouvtlU France, Ed. 1612, p. 476. Ibid. Ed. 1609. 


Champdorc in New England^ 1608. 


to detract from hia merit, and to set down every dieaeter to hie credit. 
At the instance of Poutrincourt, Champdorc was on one occasion 
placed under arrest, having been charged with the wilful destnictioii 
of the shallop, which, in 1606, unfortunately struck upon the rocks 
at Port Hoyal, though they were glad to release him and secure the 
benefit of his i^kilL* 

Champlain vente his spleen in paragraphs like this : " AVe came 
near being wrecked on a rocky islet, on account of Chanapdor^'a 
usual obstinacy." 

Lescarbot was probably indebted to Chanipdor^ for portions of 
the naatcrial used in describing the voyages of 1604, '5 and '6, as he 
did not go in person further south than Grand Menan, On more 
than one occasion he refers to Oiampdorc as an informant. 

The voyage of Cham|>dore^ is mentioned in three editions of Lefl- 
carbot's Nouvtlh France^ though the edition of 1609 tbrms the 
real authority. f The succeeding editions omit that part of the 
norrrative found in chapter iv. of the edition of 160f>, evidently to 
avoid going over the same suliject twice. The portion omitted in 
the two succeeding editions is very interesting. 

Lescarbot says, first, that the colonists, returning to France in the 
autumn of lf>07, brought samples of the products of the country, 
Buch as com, wheat, rye and barley, and presented tliera to the 
King. Poutrincourt, as a special offering, presented some tame 
''Outards" or geese, which he had ''taken from the shell." They 
pleased the King, and were at once domiciled in the beautiful ponda 
of Fontainbleu. The reports made appear to have encouraged hia 
Majesty ; and Lescnrbot is correct in saying that at this time, ''upon 
a fair exhibition of the fruits of the said country, the King confirmed 
to Monsieur De ^Font the privilege fur the trade in beavers with the 
s»vagcs,"J and that this, in connection with the general encourage- 
ment which the prospect afforded, led to the attempt in 1608. 
Lescarbot states that the King acted with direct reference to the eeta^J- 
lishment uf colonics, and, writing in lOUD, says : '* By this occasion 
he [De Mont] sent thither in March last families to begin the Chris- 
tian and French Commonwealth there, wluch God grant to bless in 

• Champlfi1n*« •• fRitYtt!!^" Ed. Qnebec, Vol. I. pp. 84-85. 

t Th<* K ■ : r; 12 (|>. 459) ineniions the Yoyage and ihc cxplomtlon of the St. John's 

River. 1 oJTof L. iV. C. xix. (p. 003) is the following: Voyag« etv la NouttiU 

Fntn"^, '■'■ r {hi (lit Sieur Pouirincaurt, In dropping the part of the narrative to 

wbf t forgot to erase this reference to it. TIjc edition of 1618 po^sciwefl 

the C. i\\ tiikcfi the pliico of C. xix. The tir^t tHlition of Lcjfcarbot'a 

work ,,-.- K ' •■■ " - -'I • Ji^' Editions followed in Iftll, 1612 und 1618, Le Lon^ rcfera to 
nn edition ot nil7. Sec iiibtiotAeque Hutotiqw, Vol. III. No. 39,654. A letter attributed 
to I.<!i«cArboc by M, Gabrkl Marcel, of the geographiaU section of the Bibtiotheque No- 
'" ii0, ?iirtf , has been published bv that writer, with nores. Pjirii, 1886. It was written 
Ort Iloviij, Aug. 22, 1006| and ib of Interest. Lescart>ot wit» born iil)oat the year 
-70. and <Il*:d uIhuh ICoO, 

II which WB« for one year onljr, had no stjecial application 

to tj aart. The Fatent to De Moot covered lil of New Fraaoe. 

SM irJiiuin III *^ ii;iiiiiiun[i ? ^hfivrtt^ Vol. 1- p. 136* 



Ihampdori in New England^ 1608. 


The statement that " families ** were sent out ia very aignificant, 
showing that the French saw distinctly the true policy to be pur- 
Bue<1, and that they entertained the project of permanent homea. 
Of tlie experience of these ** families " we, at present, have no 
particular knowledge* Nevertheless a glimpse is given of the con- 
dition of Acadia after the terrible winter which had frozen the spirits 
of Fopham's men, but which the French happily escaped. They 
found the nrrain which had been sown the previous year in a flour- 
ishing condition » and the faithful old savage, Merabertou, with his 
dusky followers, ready to extend a cordial welcome. It is not clear, 
however, that Champdort^ and his colonists remained in New France 
during the winter of 1608-9. Perhaps the account of the severity 
of the previous winter dampened their ardor and hastened their re- 
turn, notwithstanding they had brought out what are called 
*' families." 

Lescarbot mentions Champdor6*8 return, and says : 
" The said ship, being returned, we have had report by Monsieur de 
Champtiore, and others, of the condition of the country we h/id lett, and 
of the wouderful beauty of the corn that the said Monsieur de Poutrincourt 
had sown before his departure, together with the grains that have fallen in 
the gardens which have grown incredibly. Memberton gatliered six or 
seven barrels of the corn that we had sown, aod still had one left, which 
he reserved for the French whom he expected. When it was charged that 
be had eaten our pigeons which we had left there, he fell to weeping, and 
embmclng htm that told him, said it svas the Macharoa, that is, the great 
birds called Eagles, which eat many of them while we were there. Besides 
all great and small inquired how we were, naming each by his own name, 
which is a proof of great love.*' 

On other points Lescarbot gives interesting information, and says 
that Champdor6 extended his observation as far as Saco, or 
" Chouakouet." He also visited the Saint Johns River. He says : 

'* This river is one of the fairest that may be seen, having many islands 
and abounding in fish. This last year, 1608, the said Monsieur de Champ- 
dor^^ with one of the said De Mont's men, has been some fifty leagues up 
the said river, iind testify that there is a great quantity of vines alojig the 
shore, though the grapes are not so large as iu the country of Armou- 
chiquois. There are also onions and many other good herbs. As regards 
the trees, they are the finest to be seen. When we were there we saw a 
great number of cedar trees. In regard to the fish Champdor^ has told us, 
that, putting the kettle over the fire, they had taken fish enough for dinner 
before the water was hot. Besides, this river, stretching as it does far 
within the laud of the savages, greatly shortens the long journeys." 

The modem tourist who ascends this stream will justify Ch&mp- 
dore's praise. 

Cbampdor^ then descended the river, and sailed aouthward, visit- 
ing for the fourth time the wild coast of Maine. Lescarbot writes ; 

'* The said Champdore went as far as Chouakouet, the beginning of the 
Armouchiquois land, where he reconciled that tribe with the Etechemins, 


Oliampdorc in New Englayidy 1608. 



which was not doBe without Bolemnitj. For as he began to speak of it the 
captive, named Asticou, who is oow in the place of Olmechin,* a grave roan 
of goo<lly presence* howsoever savag^e he may be, demande^i that some one 
of the Etccheninis should be Kent to him, and that he would treat with him. 
Oagimoiit, Sagamore of the 8l Croix River, was eelected for that purpose, 
though he would not trust iheru; but under the safe conduct of the Freoch, 
he went thither. Some presents were made to Astieou, who, upon the 
speech of y>eac©, began to exhort hiB people and to show them the reasona 
which should induce them to listen to it* Whereupon they agreed, making 
an assent to each article proposed to them. Some Hye yearsf ago Monsieur 
de Moot had also arranged a peace between those people, and declared 
UDto them that he would be the enemy to the tirst one that should com- 
mence war, and would pursue him. But after his return into F'rance they 
could not maintain the peace. And the Armouchiquoia killed a Sourequoia 
salvage named Panoiiiac, who weot to them in order to traiie iu merchan- 
dise, which he obtained at the store house of the said de Mont, The war 
above mentioned broke out on account of this murder, under the leadership 
of Sagamore Membertou ; the said war was carried on ir» the same place 
now mentioned where Monsieur de Champdore treated the peace in this 
year. Monsieur Champlain is iu another place, that is, in the great River 
of Canada, near the place where Captain Jaques Cartier wintered, where 
he has fortified himself." 

In dosing, Lescarbot says : 

"As regards Monsieur de Pout rincourt, his desire is unchangeable to 
colonize and build up his Province, to bring thither his family, and all kinds 
of trades necessary for the existence of man \ which, with God's help, he 
will continue to do, throughout the present year, 1 609 ; J and as long as he 
has health and strength^ will prosecute the same, to live there under the 
King's obedience." 

It 16 perhaps due to Champdor*^, in the absence of the details of 
hia life, that we should give the Sonnet which Lescarbot wrote in 
hia praise j especially as it fortns an oifset to the envious criticiara of 
Cbampluin, who, aa the geographer, found a rival in Champdor^ 
the navigator. Ijescarbot, the witty lawyer, was evidently on the 
best of terms with the Pilot, and they doubtless enjoyed together good 
dinners and tnerry evenings in Acadia, wlien Lescarbot fe»8ted 
royally, after the fashion of his brother of the Bar, Thomas Morton, 
of Merry Mount, wearing the Collar of the Order of the Bon Temps, 
In this Sonnet the Parisian Advocate beatows his prui^^e with the 
liberality that marked Chamjdain's bknie ; and the neglect of re- 
nowned characters of antiquity is somewhat explained by the devotion 
exhibited to the overshadowing renown of Pierre Angibout. 

* Tbl« ftfipeori to be an error. Asticou was a Penobscot chief, and appears to have itie> 
ceeded Basbaba. 

t He fttoold have Raid thn« yeart, as the peace referred to was made ia 1608. It wa« a 
goof peace at lUe best. See Champlnin, Vol. I. p. 93, and L«scarlx»r, Ed. Iftr2, p. 660. 
For the namea of various cbjefti, see Cbamplaiti. VqI. I. p. L26. 

X See Apto ; tbl« fixe* the date of Cliampdor^'a yoyage. 

143 Marriages in East Parish^ Bridgewater^ Mass. [April, 


dit Champ-dore' Capitaine de Marine en la Noavelle-Franoe. 


SI dee pilotes vieux le renom dure encore, 
Pour avoir sceu voguer sur vne ^troite mer, 
Si le monde k present daigne encore estimer 
Ariomene, avec Palinure & Pelore : 
C'est raison (Champ-dor^) que ndtre &ge t'honore, 
Qui 89ais par ta vertu te faire renommer, 
Quand ta dexterity empeche d^abimer 
La nef qui va souz loy du Pouant & TAurore. 
Ceux-la du grand Neptune oucques la majest^. 
Ne virent, ni le fond du son puissant Empire : 
Mais dessus I'Ocean jouruellement porte 
Tu fais voir aux Fragois des pals tout nouveaux, 
Afiu que Tk vn iour maint peuple se retire 
Faisant les flots gemir souz ses ailez vaisseaux. 

Fait en Port Royal en la NouveUe France, 


From March 4, 1725, to August 3, 1803. 

By the Rev. John Angier (settled 1724, died April 14, 1787), and the Rev. Samael 
Angier, his son and colleague (settled 1767, died Jan. 18, 1805). 

Commanicated by the Rev. Henry F. Jenks, A.M., of Canton, Mass., from the original 

manuscript in the possession of Miss Mary H. Rust, of East Bridgewater, 

grcat-great-grand daughter of the Rev. John Angier. 

[Continued from page 14.] 

June 30th 1746 — I marry'd Doctor Otis and Mehetabel Bass. 
Octob. 7th 1746 — I marry'd Joseph Keith junV. and Ann Turner. 
Octob. 10th 1746 — I marry*d Joseph Robinson and Abigail Keith. 
Novem. 26th 1746 — I raarry'd Thomas Wade & Susanna Lathum. 
Nov'r 27th 1746 — I marry'd John Egerton and Abigail Snow. 
Jan'y. 5th 1746-7 — I marry'd Daniel Aldeu juu*r. and Jane Turner. 
Sept. 29th 1747 — I marry'd Abijah Edson and Susanna Snow. 
Octob. 7th 1747 — I marry'd Josiah Whitman and Elisabeth Smith. 
Novem. 3d 1747 — I marry'd Jonathan Whitman and Elisabeth Harvey. 
Decenib. 25th 1747 — I marry'd Thomas Phillips & ye widow Hannah 

Jany. 29th 1747 — I marry'd David Conant junr. & Rhoda Lathum. 
March 2d 1747-8 — I marry'd Anthony Pierce & the Widow Martha 

March 23d 1747-8 — I marry'd Job Burgess & Patience Thomas — Indians. 
Feb. 7th 1748-9 — I marry'd Stephen Leach and Sarah Hooper. 

1891.] Marriages in East PaHsh^ 3ridgewaler^ Masa, 143 


April 27th 1749 — I marry'd Theophiius By ram and Elisabeth Deale. 
May 3d 1749 — I marry'd Henry Cary aod Martha Byram. 
May 11th 1749 — I marryVl James Edsoo and Esthtjr Allen. 
Octob. 5th 1749 — I marr^'d John Smith and Mary Ilatimer. 
Novr. 28th 1740—1 miirry'd ZebulQii Gary and Lydia Phillips. 
Jany, 16th 1749-50 — I marry'd Nathan Alden and Mary Hudson. 
Mar, 16th 1749-50 — I marry'd SJmeou Wliitman and Martha Suow. 
April 3d 1750 — I marryVl Daniel Beale and Mehetabel Byram. 
April 9th 1750 — I marry'd Matthew Gaiinet & Martha Byram. 
August 22d 1750 — I marry'd Ignatius Loriiig and Bathsheha Bass. 
Nov. 5tb 1750—1 marry'd William IIolmeB & Elisabeth Ilamblin. 
Dec 20th 1750—1 marry'd Benjamin Ganuet and Mary Copeland. 
Feb. 14th 1750-51 — I marry'd Elijah Hay ward and Silence Siiell. 
May 2d 1751 — I marry'd Samuel Biebe of Pembrook, and Martha Snell, 
Augst 28th 1751—1 marry'd .John Pratt of Pemhrooke and Sarah Pierce, 
Septr* 19th 1751 — I marry'd John Wade and Hannah Kingman. 
Nov. 27th 1751— I marry *d John Richards and Kezia Bailey, 
Deer. 18lh 1751—1 marry'd Benjamin Harris and Sarah Snow. 
Deer. 19th 1751 — I marry'd William Barrel and Sarah Cary. 
Janry. 13th 1751--2 — I marry'd Ezra Warren and Mary Phillips. 
June 18th 1752—1 marry'd Peter Whitman and Susanna Keith. 
June 30th 1752 — ^I marry'd Eleazar Hamblen and Lydia Bonne. 
August 5th 1752 — I marry'd David Kingman, junr. and Ahigail HalL 
Octobr. 26th 1752 N. S. — I marry'd James Keith and Sarah Holman. 
Nov. 3d 1752 N. S.^I marry'd John Orcutt junr. and Jcrusha llnnmer. 
Nov. 22d 1752 N. S.— I marry'd John Young and Eunice Baas. 
Dec 28th 1752 N. S.^-I marry'd John Howard jar. and Abigail Hudson. 
Jany. 10th 1753—1 marry'd Nathaniel Ramsdel and ftlary Pratt. 
Octobr. 81st 1753 — I marry'd George Bradley and Susanna Pierce. 
Janry 15th 1754—1 marry'd He^ekiah Egerton and Mary HeglK>iie. 
[Octobr. 2d 1754—1 marry *d David Keith and Jemima Whitman. 
Novembr. 7th 1754—1 marry'd Seth Gannet and Susanna Allen. 
Novembr. 26t!i 1754^1 marry'd Samuel Kingman and Deborah Loring. 
Novembr. 28th 1754 — I marry'd James Love) and Dorcas PraiL 
(JaDy. 1st 1755^—1 marry'd Samuel Dawes and Abigail Kingman. 
March 18th 1755—1 marry'd Sam'l Bowditch and Rohecca Byram, 

and also Jonathan Allen and Sarah Bass. 
June 19th 1755 — ^I marry'd Thomas Phillips^ Jur. and Mary Hatch, 
Octobr, 30th 1755—1 marry'd Thomas Stiell, Jur. ^ind Bitbiah Allen. 
Feby. 1 2th 1756 — I marry'd John Churchill of Plymplon and Joanna Bisby. 
April 20th 1756 — I marry VI John Barrel and Judith Snow, 

.agost 19th I75S— I marry'd William Allen and Katharine Demseh, 
Sept. 23d 175G— I marry'd Benjamin CbamberlaDe of Pembroke and 

Hannah SnelJ. 
Novr. 23d 1756 — I marry'd Samuel Billing of Stoughton^ Reliance Hudson. 
Feby. 3d 1757 — I marry'd Benjamin Whitman & Mary Latham, 
April 6th 1757 — I marry'd Benjamin Byram and Ann Holman. 
Novembr. 17th 1757 — ^I nmrry'd Richard Bartlett and Mary Robinson. 
Decembr. 15th 1757 — I marry'd Judah Wood of Halifax, and Hannah 

Porter of Bridgwater. 
Novembr, 16th 1758—1 marry*d Samuel Allen aad Hannah Pratt, both 

of Bridgwater. 
Feby. 7th 1 759 — I marry*d Joseph Snow aud Ruth Shaw, both of Bridgwater. 
yoL. XLV. 14* 

144 Marriages in Baal P»iA^ Bridgewaier^ Mam. [April, 

Febrj, 2l8t 1759 — I auuTy'd Jainet Bradlj and Catharine Jfoora boch of 

3Iarcb 29th 1759—1 marry'd Nathanael Edioo and Joanna Snow. 
June 12th 17-59 — I nuury'd Jonathan Conant and Jane Lathnm. 
Octobr. 25th 1759 — I marrj'd Joseph Robinson and Hannah Snow. 
Febrj 2Ut 1760—1 marry'd Seth Mitchell and Marr Wade. 
April 10th 1760 — I marry'd Benjamin Bvram and Rachel Bailj. 
Sept. llth 1760~I marry'd Eleazar Keith and Elisabeth Mitdiel. 
Octr. 9th 1760 — I marry'd John Haomer and Martha P'T'W- 
Novr. 20th 1760 — I marry'd Solomon Packard, jur. and Hannah Baily. 
Febry. 19th 1761 — I marry'd Jepthae Byram of Mendham in New Jersey, 

and Sasannah Washbnm of Bridgwater. 
3Iarch 19th 1761 — I marry'd Nathan Whitman and Betty Allen. 
April 23d 1761—1 marry'd Ezra Allen and Phebe Cary. 
May 26th 1761 — I marry'd William Whitman and Mary Stndley. 
Sept. I7tb 1761 — 1 marry'd Consider Bearce of Hallifax,dB Elizabeth Per- 
kins of Bridgwater. 
OcUAter 15tb 1761 — ^I marry'd Archibald Thompson and Martha Robinson, 

both of Brid^ater. 
Deer. 8th 1761 — I marry'd Jonathan Snow and Betty Packard, both of 

Febr>' 17th 1762 — I marry'd Ephraim Groves and Bathsheba Bowditch, 

both of Bridgwater. 
April 29th 1762 — I marry'd Nathaniel Lowden of Dnxborongh and 

Experience Pratt of Bridgwater. 
May 27th 1762—1 marry'd Obadiah Bates and Ruth Pratt both of Bridg- 
Sf.|)t. .'30th 17C2 — I marry'd Edward Mitchell jur. and Jane Lathum both 

of Briflgwater. 
Ihicr. 7fh 1762 — I marry'd Jacob Allen and Abigail Baily, both of Bridg- 

Jariy. 2Gth 17G3 — I marry'd Jacob Mitchel and Rebecca Loring both of 

Marcli 24th 1763 — I marry'd Winslow Richardson and Rhode Johnson, 

both of Bridgwater. 
JuFHi 16th 17G3 — I marry'd John Keith and Alice Mitchel, both of Bridg- 
Oc-t^)hr. 20th 1763 — I marry'd Joseph Keith and the Widow Baily, both of 

Di'dtmhr. 8th 1763 — I marry'd Lot Dwellee of Hanover and Sarah Allen 

of Bridgwater. 
Marrh l/ith 1764 — I marry'd Zebulun Packard and Rebecca Richardson, 

both of Bridgwater. 
Au^MiKt 28tli 1764 — I marry'd Abner Pratt and the Widow Martha Cary 

both of Bridgwater. 
Sept. 13th 1764 — I marry'd Samuel Darby and Sarah Atwood, both of 

Novr. 22d 1764 — I marry'd Amos Whitmau and Anna Washburn both of 

Ducembr. 27th 1764—1 marry'd Seth Keith and Abigail Holman, both of 

Janry. 10th 1766—1 marry'd Zachariah Whitmarsh of Weymouth and the 

Widow Bfanr Pinkney of Bridgwater. 

1891 »] MariHages in EaH Parish, Bridgewater^ Mass. 145 





Sept, 26th 1765 — I marry'd Gushing Mitchel and Jennit Orr, both of 

Octobr. 17th 1765 — I marry'd Arthur Latham aud Margaret Bearse both 

of Bridgwater. 
Novemr. 1 4th 1765 — I marry 'd James ThompftOD and Abigail Allen both 

of Bridgwater, 
Dec^mbr. 5th 1765 — I marry'd John Htibbard of Abington and Mary Allen 

of Bridgwater. 
Decembr. 9 th 1765 — I marry'd Samuel Staples of Hanover and Betty 

Washburn of Bridgwater. 
Jany 9th 1766 — I marry'd Joseph Noyes of Abington and Mercy Hatch of 

April 14th 1766 — I marry'd William Boiiney and Phebe Allen both of 

May 29th 1766 — I marryM Amoe Foord of Duxborough and the Widow 

Sarah Patingale of Bri»lgwater. 
Jane 5th 1766 — I marry'd William Britton of Eaynham and Mary Latham 

of Bridgwater. 
August 18th 1766 — I marry'd Samuel Nickels of Norton and Silence Bleeu 

of Bridgwater. 
SepL 23d 1766—1 marry'd Jonathan Orcutt and Thankfull Gary both of 

October 6tb 1766 — I marry*d Robert Orr and Hannah Kingman, both of 

Novembr. 6th 1766 — I marry'd Joaiah Fobes, jur. and Sarah Pryor both 

of Bridgwater. 
Novembr, 27th 1766 — I uiarry'd Polycarpua Snell & Susanna Shaw both 

of Bridgwater. 
Deer. 4th 1766 — I marry'd JoBiah Hathaway jur. of Halifax & Ilanah 

Latham of Bridfrwater. 
Jany. 29th 1767^ — I marry'd Deacon Thomas Whitman and the Widow 

RebiHL'ca Allen. 
Bfar, 19th 1767^ — I marry'd Nathaniel Chamberlain and Deliverance SuelL 
April 23d 1767 — ^I marry'd Stephen Whitman and Mary Orr both of 

October 1 2th 1767 — I marry'd Lerouel Leach and Rebecca Washburn both 

of Bridgwater, and at the same tiaie John Spragtie and Rebecca Alden 
of Bridgwater. 
Octobr. 15th 1767—1 marry'd Mr. Ephraim Hyde of Rehobotb and Mrs. 

Mary Angier* of Bridgwater. 
Nov. 26th 1767—1 marry'd Nathan Hudson and Betty Gannet, both of 

April 27th 1768 — I marry'd Winsbw Richardson and Elisabeth Byram, 

both of Bridgwater. 
April 28th 1768 — I marry'd Elijah Dean and Sasanna Bass^ both of 

May 12th 1768 — I marry'd Zadok Hay ward of Plymouth and Experience 

Bearse of Bridgwater. 
Sept 2Dth 1768— I marry'd George Keith and Deborah Cleft, both of 


• The unmarried danghter of Kct. John Angjer. Toaitg ladles were then called *■ Miss- 

n^ '* tlut t»mt% *' Mian" htfilnff itsAil far nhildrAti tiniliw ttm. 

the term *' Mias'*^ being oaed for children tinder ten 

146 WoodiulU o/MMingUm^ JBngkmd. lApA, 



Commniikated by Bum Kino* Btq., of Yonken. N. Y. 

While in England in 1882, 1 visited the PariBh of Mollington, 
and copied from the Church Register the Woodhull entries given 

The late Col. Joseph L. Chester had collected considerable ma* 
terial relating to the Woodhull family, including many extracts 
from the MoUington Register ; these have been carefully compared 
with my own, and where any difference of reading occurs it is noted. 

I found the Register so time-worn in many places as to be almost 
illegible. Col. Chester's Woodhull papers are now in possession of 
Gen. Maxwell Van Zandt Woodhull, of Washington, D. C. 

RuFus King. 


1570. Ales Woodhull, the daughter of Leonard Woodhull, Gent, and 
Eliz., his wife was bapt the XIX. .... 

1570. Ales Woodhull, the daagfater of Thomas Woodhull and Mar- 

garett his wife was bapt the X . . . th. 

1571. Elizabeth Woodhull, the daughter of Thomas Woodhull and 

Margarett his wife was bapt the X . . . th ( ? May). 
1573. Johxim Woodhull, the daughter of Thomas Woodhull, Gent, 

and Margarett his wife was bapt the iii of Ma . . . 
1584. Judeth Woodhull, the daughter of Thomas Woodhull, Gent, 

and Margarett his wife was bapt the XXYI Dec 
1591. Richard Woodhull, the sonne of Aothonie Woodhull and Marie 

his wife was bapt the XV. of July. 
1593. Bartholomew Woodhull, the sonne of Anthonie Woodhull, 

Geut, and Mary his wife was bapt the XXVIII April 
1595-6. Hales Woodhull, the sonne of Anthonie Woodhull Gent, 

and Mary his wife was bapt XI of Jann. 
1597. John Woodhull, the sonne of Anthonie Woodhull, Gent, & 

Marie his wife was bapt the XXIst of July. 
1599. Anthonie Woodhull, the sonne of Anthonie Woodhull and 

Marie his wife was bapt the xiii of May. 
1602. Fulke Woodhull, the sonne of Edward Woodhull, Gent., and 

Eatherine hb wife was bap^ ye (?XXII) of Noveb'. 
1606. Thomas Woodhull, the sonne of Edward Woodhull, Gent, 

and Eatherine his wife was bapt the IXth of Octobr. 

(Chester says June 22*^.) 

1608. Note. At tlus date the Register is quite faded out and 


1609. Anthony Woodhull, the sonne of Edward Woodhull, Gent, 

and Eatherine his wife was baptised the XXYII of August 


Woodhulh of MolUngtoTit England. 


1621. Richard Woodhulle, the sonne of Edward WcKldhull© aud 
Marye his wtfe was baptiaed the XITI daye of September. 
(Chester says Sep. 16""). 

1623. Ane Wodhull, the daughter of Edward Wodhull aDd Mary 
his wife was baptised the XIX daye of October. 

1625. Frances Woodhul!, the daughter of Edward .... and Mary 
his wife was baptised the 23d of ... . (Chester aays Oct. 
28, 1625). 

X628. George Wodhull, the sonBe of Mr. Thomas Wodhull and Eliza- 
beth bia wyffe waa baptiaed the third day of May (Cheater 
says May 2). 

1628. Alice Woodhull, the daughter of Edward Woodhul] and Mary 

his wyffe was baptiaed the 17th of Maye. 

1629. Elizabeth Wixnlhu He, the daughter of Woodhulle and 

Elizabeth his wife was baptised the VII"' day of (?. January). 
1631. Mary Woodhull, ye daughter of Edward Woodhiill and Mary 

his wife was baptised the ... of April, (Chester say* 

April 24.) 
1631. Joaue Woodhull, the daughter of Thomas Woodhull and 

Elizabeth his wife was baptised the first day of Koi^ember. 
1633. Catheren Woodhull, the daughter of Thomas Woodhull and 

Elisabeth his wife wtis baptiseil .... daye of Auguste. 

1633. Anthony Woodhull, the soune of Edward Woodhul! and Mary 

his wife was baptised the 19 day of Jaunarye. 

1634. Ane Woodhull, the daughter of Anthony Woodhull, the 

younger and Anue his wife was baptised the 30th day© of 

1635. Autbouye Woodhull, the soniie of Anthonye .... and Anne 

was baptised the 1 5th daye of Maye (Chester gives wife's 
DAme as Mary). 

1636. Edward Woodhull, the sonno of Thomas Woodhull and Eliza- 

beth his wife was baptised the 15th day of January. 
16SS. Jane, the daughter of Anthony Woodhull, Gent., and Anne 

his wife baptised 

1688. Anthony Woodhull, the sonne of Thomas Woodhull and 

Elizabeth his wife was baptised the 27*'' of October, 
1639* Anthonye Woodhull, the soiine of Anthonye Woodhull the 

younger, Gent., and Anne his wife was baptised the 28 th of 

1640. Joyce, the daughter of Mr. Anthony Woodhull and Ann his 

wife was baptised the 26"" day February. 
1663. Mary, the daughter of Mr. Anthony Woodhull the ... . and 

Mary his wife was baptised the I9tb day of ... . (Chester 

says April 29th). 

1665. Elizabeth, the daughter of Antliony and Bridgit Woodhull 

baptised ye 30th day of May. 

1666. .... (Chester says Elizabeth or Anne) Woodhull the 

daughter of Thomas Woodhull, gent., aud An bia wife waa 
baptised ye twenty-first day of September. 

1(}67. Edward Woodhull, ye soun of Anthony Woodhull aud Bridgit 
his wife was baptised ye 12 day of July. 

1669. Mary Woodhull, ye daughter of Thomas Woodhull ye younger, 
Gent., and Ann his wife waa baptised ye 7th day of Feb- 
ruary. (Chester says 1667-8). 

148 WoodkuUs ofMottingUm, EngUmd. [AftSL^ 

1669. Mary Woodhnll, ye daughter of Antbooj Woodholl and 

Bridgit his wife was bt^tised flie 23 Maj. (Qiester sajs 

?1669. Anthonj Wodhall, the sonn of Tlioiiias Wodhnll the yomiger, 

geoL, and Ann his wife was baptised the fourteenth day of 

1671. Thomas Wodhall, sonne of Thomas Wodhnll, gent., and Ann 

his wife was baptised the 14 day of Noyember. 
1671. Snsan, daughter of Anthony and Bridgit Woodhnll baptised 

8* of April 

1676. Elizabeth Woodhnll, daughter of Anthony .... and Bridgit 

his wife was baptised the . . . day of April (Chester says 
April 1st). 

1 677. Elizabeth Woodhnll, daughter of Thomas Woodhnll and Eliza- 

beth his wife was baptised the fifteenth day of April. 

1678. Bridget, ye daughter of Anthony Wodhall and Bridgit his 

wife was baptised June ye 29th. 
1678. Frands Wodhall, the sonn of Thomas Wodhull Esq'* and 

Elizabeth his wife was bom on the third and twentieth day 

of April 1678 and was baptised the 3 day of May then en- 

1684. Anthony, ye son of Anthony Woodhnll and Patience his wife 

was baptised ye 20th day of July. 
1687. Greorge, ye sonne of Anthonye Woodhnl and Temperance his 

wife was baptised ye 5 day of November. 

1575. Edmund E gent, and Elizabeth WoodhuII, yidaa, 

were married the XXIII of June. 
1575. George Woodhull, gent., and Bridget Leeson were married the 

XXVI of June (Chester says Jane 23d). 
1588. William Elkington and Ales Woodholl were married the 

XVIth of May. 
?1611. Edward Woodhall and Mary Robins married (Chester says 

Nov. 25, 1619). 
1686. Memorandum, that John Woodward, Grent, and Anne, daa. 

of Thomas Woodhall, Esq., were married the 7th day of 


1566. Fulk Woodhnll was hurried ye VI"» of Novebr. (Chester 

says Nov. 3d.) 
1569. Ales Woodhull was buried the Xlth of August 

1574. ? Willm ... Mr. Fulke Woodhull ... was buried the 

XVIth of April. 

1575. Mr. Leonard Woodhull, gent, was buried the XII of April. 

1587. George Woodhull, gent, was buried the xxiiii of Aprill. 

1588. John Woodhull, the sonne of Leonard Woodhull, gent, was 

buried the XXXI of January. 
1590. Ales Woodhull, gent, widow, was buried the XXVI of , . . 

(Chester says February). 
1595. Bartholomew Woodhull, the sonne of Anthonie Woodhull, 

gent, was buried ye XlXth of June. 

^oodhulU of Mollington^ Englam 


1596. Johan Woodbwtl^ the wife of Edward Woodhull was buried 
the 5th of August. 

1597. John Woodhull, the sonne of Anthonie Wodhull, geat, wai 
buried ye second day of August. 

1601. Mary Woodhull, the wife of Anthonie Woodhull, geot-, was 
buried ye XVIth of Octobr. 

1606. Margarett Woodhull, gent., widow, was bury** the 9th October. 

1607. Fulk Woodhull, Booue of Edward Woodhull* geut, wasburyed 
the ijii of July. 

1612. Mr. William Woodhull was Buried ye first daye of Novem- 
ber. (Chester says Dec.) 

1 620. Edward Woodhull, gentleman, was buried the first of Feb- 

1620. Fttlk Woodhull was buHed the 23"^ of September. 

1620. Edward Woodhull was buryed the first of March. 

1625, Eichard Woodhull, the soune of Edward Woodhull was buryed 
the first of Dec. 

1638. Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Woodhull, geot., was buried Octo- 
ber 27th. 

1639. Edward Woodhull, the mn of Thomas Woodhull, gent.» and 
Elizabeth his wife was buried ye 26th May. 

1650. Mr. Foulke Woodhull was buritfd Septemb. 22*. 

1653, The daughter of Richard Wodhull^ Esq., aud Elizabeth his 

wife was buried the 18^ of July. 
1664. Mary Woodhull, ye daughter of Anthony Woodhull, Esq,, and 

Mary his wife was buryed August ye 25. 
16G4- The daughter of Anthony Woodhull, Esq., and Mary his wife 

was buryed ye 20th of May. 
1669. Anthony Woodhull, the sonue of Anthony Woodhull, Esquire, 

and Ann his wife who ilyed the second day of May and was 

buried the tenth day of May. 
1669. Mary Woodhull, late wife of Anthony Woodhull Esquire 

widow was buryd the 31 day of August. 
I674» Thomas Woodhull ye elder, geut., was buried the eighth day 

of December. 
1675- Anthony Wodhull, Esq., was buried the first day of Septemb. 
1677- Mary Wodhull late wife of Mr. Thomas Wodhull was buried 

the 30 day of May. 
1678. Elizabeth Woodhull, late wife of Thomas Wodhull, Esq., was 

buried the 3 day May. 

The following burials are copied from Col. Che8ter*8 notes, as Mr. 
King did not extetid his eearcli beyond the date last mentioned : 

1678, May 17, Anne ui. Anthony Woodhull Esq 

1678, July 20, Brigitt, d. Anthony and Brigitt Woodhull 

1683, June 3, Brigitt ux. Anthony Woodhull 

1687, July 14, George Odell als Woodhull 

1697, Sep. 10, Edward S. Anthony Woodhull, gent. 

1700, Dec 23, Francis S. Thomas and Elizabeth Woodhull 

1707, May 9, Anthony Woodhull, died 7^ 

1708-9, Jan. 18, Thomas Woodhull, Esq., died 15"^ 

1709, Aug. 9, Anthony Woodhull, died 7*" 

150 Gknealogical Gleanings in England. [April, 


By Hbnbt F. Watebb, A.M., now residing in London, Bnglaod. 
[Continned from page 71.] 

The present instalment of Gleanings is a continuation of the 
wills of benefactors of Harvard College and their families. 

Henry F. Watebs. 


John Man of tho town and count j of Pool, merchant, 8 Julj 1577, 
proved 13 June 1578. Son William and his ehildreni Sons John, Edward, 
Thomas and Bartlemewe. Late wife Amy Man. Daughter Amy Pitt. 
Daughter Cicely Havilonde. Daughter Edith Lewen. Daughter Agnes 
Wickes. Stephen and Richard Whetacre, sous of my daughter Edith 
Lewin. My three sons in law John Crooke, Christopher Wickes and 
Christopher Havilonde. John Crooke of Southampton, merchant. One of 
the witnesses was a Christopher Wickes. Langley, 28. 

Robert Kechin, merchant, one of the aldermen of the City of Bristol, 
19 June 1594, proved 10 January 1594. (The name also appears as 
Ejtchin and Kitchen.) Body to be buried in the parish of St. Stephen's in 
Bristol near the place where first wife Johane was buried. To Robert 
Havyland, son of Matthew Havyland, of Bristol, merchant, three tenements 
aud a garden in Hallyes Lane, with remainder to William Havyland, then to 
John Ilavylaud, sons of the said Matthew. My capital messuage or man- 
sion house wherein I now dwell, situate in Snale Street in the parish of St. 
Warborough, Bristol, to be sold at best price and the money received there- 
for to be employed for the best benefit relief and " sustentacou " of the 
poor ; but my wife Justyne shall have and enjoy the use of the said house 
and of the furniture in it during her natural life. Other bequests to the 
sons of Matthew Haviland, to brother Matthew Ketchin, to sister Agnes, to 
Robert Ketchin of London, merchant, being the son of brother Richard, to 
brother Thomas, to nephew Thomas Ketchin son of brother Matthew, to 
Niece Agnes daughter of Matthew, to niece Elizabeth wife of John Friend 
of Bristol, hooper, to niece Margaret Ketchin daughter of brother Matthew, 
to niece Elizabeth Ketchin daughter of brother John, deceased, to Jane 
Ketchin his other daughter, to niece Marrian Nottingham wife of John 
Nottingham of Bristol, to Robert Nottingham son of John Nottingham of 
Bristol " bullion " and of Marryan his wife, and to William their younger 
son, to Abel Kitchen. John Barker, Matthew Haviland, John Rowberoe 
aud Abel Kitchen to be executors and trustees. The residue to the relief 
of the poor in Bristol aud in Kendal, Westmoreland. Scott, 2. 

Anne Colston of Bristol, widow, 18 July 1603, proved 28 February 
1603. Body to be interred in St. Nicholas Crowd in the City of Bristol in 
the place where the " corps " of my mother or my good husband Mr. Richard 
Hentley lieth, if I decease in Bristow or within twenty miles thereof. My 
brother Mr. Robert Dowe in London. Mrs Bridget Dowe late the wife of 


1891 «] Oenealogical Gleanings in England. 151 

my late deceased oepbew Thomafi Dowe. My nephew Sir Willjara Smith 
of Essei, knight, and the lady his good wife^ John, Clement and Edward 
Smith brethren of Sir Wiliiam. Mj cousin Mrs. Rose White wife unto 
Mr. Frauci8 White, preacher in Rochester, and her son Jtdiu Peck. My 
coQsia Henry Reynoldes, minister, Elizabeth Buttry sometime the wife 
of William Buttrie, my sister's son. My cousin Mrs. Mary Awstell wife 
unto Mr. Awstell of Grey*3 Inn, jjeu*. My uephewa Bush Welles and 
John Welles. My cousin John Mothe's children that he had by my cousin 
Elizabeth his first wife, being daughters to my brother Welles, long since 
deceased. Grace Robinson wife to a prtiacher of that name and her sister 
Martha Smith daughter unto Robert Smith, which h« had by my cousin 
Susan, my sister's daughter. My cousin Alice Threder'a daughter, I know 
not her name. Philip Poyntell sou unto William Poyntell deceased, who 
dwelt sometimes in Presteyne. Raphe Pointetrs children, being fatherless, 
who was a tailor sometimes in Loudon. Mr. Matthew Haviland*s three 
eldest sons, Robert, William and John. Matthew ilaviland and !iis sisters 
Anne and Mary liavilaud. Brynt Gulliford, son unto Mr. Robert Gully- 
ford preacher of God's word and one of the prebends in the College. 
Samuel GuJliforil, my godson, brother to the said Brint. Ellen Atkins of 
Bristol widow (one dozeu silver spoons, six of them Apostle spoons and six 
with maiden heads). Her daughter Anne Atkins my god daughter. Alice 
Bull daughter of Robert Bull deceased, being my kinswoman. Charity 
Longe wife of Edmond Longe of Brlstow, comfit maker. Anne Aid worth, 
daughter unto Simon Aldworth of Reading* Berks., whom he had by his 
first wife Mary Aish. Mr. Matthew Haviland to be executor. My loving 
daughter in law Mrs. Joice (#iV} HaviLind his wife. Cousin Mrs. Mary 
Awstell, sister of Bush and John Welles. Cousin Mr. John Mothe, gold- 
smith in cbeapside Londou, Thomas Wilcox son unto Thomas Wilcox and 
Rebecca his wife both deceased. His sisters Anne, Margery and Rebecca 
Wilcox. Andrew Patch, clerk of AlhoJIon, Edward Colston son unto 
Richard CoUton. My Cousin Mr, Crescent Buttry dwelling at Lawrence 
Marson. gentleman (a ring with a death's head and two letters under the 

lAme — A: R:). Coupin Desvberry wife unto Dewl)erry dwelling in 

Rending. To ** Alice Thredder^s daughter I know not her name she is to 
be barde of aboute Straford Howe, her mother s brother dwelleth in Strat- 
ford aforesaid, one William Poyntill an old man if he be living©, the said 
Pointill was verye young when he came tirste to Stratford, his ffather and 
mother coutynued to their old age in that place and had maiiie children. I 
Bftie to (he saide Thredder s daughter 1 giue a gowne and a peticoate of 
milie such as may serue for a pooie woeman's wearinge» a fustian wast coate, 
two good smockes, tbre good kercheifes, if she live; I hope she shall be 
harde of." Mr. Robert Redwood of this city. Mrs. Redwood for her 
brother Robert FarraFs wife. Mrs. Langley widow, with whom I kneeled 
in the church about twenty three ^eara. Anne Colston wife of Richard 
Colston. Vincent Colston's wife. Elizabeth Colston the wife of Robert 
Colston* Others. Harte, 28. 

Thomas Pjtt of Bristol, merchant, I May 1613, proved 5 August 1613. 
To my son William Pitt one lease for the terra of his natural life, of my 
tenement without Temple Gate within the Liberty of the city of Bristol, 
which is now in the possession of George Tyce, innholder, called the Sara- 
cen's Head, and one lease of a tenement which I lately built without 
Temple Gate, now in the occupation of Thomas Arthur Escj., he to pay to 

VOL. XLT. 15 

152 (genealogical Oleaninga in En inland [April, 

Robert Pitt, the son of mj said son William, ten pounds yearly, after the 
said Robert fihall accomplish the age of twenty two years. After the death 
of the said William these two tenemeoto to the aaid Robert My son Wil- 
liam shall give his sons William and Robert tea pounds apiece at the age 
of sixteen years. To my daughter Alice Northen one silver-gilt ale cup 
and the sum of forty pounds within two years after my decease to bestow 
upon her children at her will and pleasure, and iu the meantime four pounds 
every year for the use thereof. To my daughter Anne Merrick one silver- 
gik ale cup and to my son in law John Merrick twenty pounds within eight 
months to be equally divided between my daughter Aim Merrick's three 
children, viz*. Ann Waters, Mary Waters and Robert Merrick. To my 
daughter Miiry Owen a silver gilt ale cup and to my sou in law Robert Owea 
twenty pounds within eight months to be divided between my daughter 
Mary's three children : Robert^ Mary and Joane Owen. To ray cousiu Mr. 
Matthew Ha\*j'l!iiid, alderman, a ring of gold to the value of twenty shil- 
lings. To my kinsman William Pitt, draper, another- My kinsnmn Edward 
Batten. My friend Mr, Samuel Davies to preach my funeral sermon. My 
daughters in law Mary Marlowe, Cicely Gunning and Elizabeth liatterton. 
My kinswoman IMary Robinson. Son William Pitt to be executor and 
trusty friend and neighbor, Thomas Callowhill to be overseer. 

Capell, 75. 

Matthew Haittlande of Bristol, merchant and one of the aldermen of 
the City, 2 March 1G19, proved 22 May 1620. Body to be buried In 
Warborrowes churchyard, even in the grave in which my wife Joyce wa« 
laid in, and to be burietl without a coffin if I may. To grandchild Matthew 
Havjlande. son of Robert, my son, the farm and buildings in Hawkesbury, 
Gtouc, which I bought of M^ John Vizar and his father (and other lauds). 
Provision for the maintenance of son William during his natural life. Grand- 
child Bartholomew Ilavyland, son of the said William. Son John to have 
certain estates in Somerset To my son Matthew my eighth part of the 
Prisage wines coming to the Port or Creeks of Bristol, during the lease 
thereof granted, on condition that he shall pay unto Tacie my wife fifty 
pounds yearly during her life. To my said son Matthew my house and 
t*:!nement in Smale street (sic) wherein M^ Thomas Colston now dwelleth 
(and other property). Son Robertas children, Matthew, Mary, Florence, 
Jane and Elizabeth. Daugliter Anne Lorte's children, Sampson and Joyce. 
Reference to bond of their father, Sampson Lortt. 

I ^iv6 and be^jueath unto my daughter Mary liolworthies children, Mat- 
thew, Mary, Richard, Anne and John, one hundred nobles, to be paid unto 
them as they shall accomplish the full age of twenty years or days of mar- 
riage. To my son in law Mr. Ricliard Holworthie the like sum of one 
hundred nobles, to be paid within one year after my decease, praying him 
to be one of the overseers of this my last will. To my sister Eliouor ilelye 
five pounds in money and a gown. To Mr, Farmer minister of Warbor- 
rowe's church five pounds to make him a gown. To M^ William Yeaman 
preacher (the same) so as he will preiieh at my funeral and bis text to be 
on the twelfth chapter of Ecclesiastes and seaventh verse. Son Robert and 
his heirs shall pay yearly forever out of my lands called the Grange, in or 
by Kingswoodj Wilts, four pounds unto the Mayor and Commonalty of the 
city of Bi'istol to the end and purpose that in the common gaol of the said 
city called Newgate shall be proachetl yearly for ever twelve sermons. My 
kinsmen Mr. William Pitt draper and Mr. William Pitt merchant and 
Edward Batten gen^ to be overseen. Soaine, 43. 


Matthew Havilanu of Bristol, merchant, 16 May 1623, proved 29 
April 1624, To Mr. John Farmer minister of God's word jn the parish of 
Sl Warburge five pounds. To my uiece Joyce Lorte, daughter of Sampsou 
Lorte, late of Bristol merchant, one hundred pounds and ray estate in the 
meflsuage wherein Charles Hammond^ ruercer, lately dwelled, situate near 
the ** (Sowde " door of St. Nicholas church, with my lease and writinga con- 
cemiDg the Bame, and also ten pounds which Richard Fownes, the boo of 
Mr. Thomas Fownes of Plymouth, merchant, is to pay me at the day of hia 
marriage. To the said Joyce Lorte and to my niece Mary Holworthj% one 
of the daughters o{ M\ Richard Holworthy, merchant, all my household 
stuff &c. now remaining in the now dwelling honse of the said Richard 
Holworthy, To my nephew Matthew IIaviland» son of brother Robert, my 
household stuff &c. in the now dwelling hou«e of the said Robert at Haukes- 
berry, Glouc- To my kinsruan Peter Helye of Bristoll, whitetawer, five 
pounds. To WilHara Brimsdon, soapmaker, twenty marks. To John 
Vizer of Owtepenn, Glouc. gen', twenty nobles. To my brother in law Mr. 
Richard Holworthy, of Bristol, merchant, twenty pounds iu token of my 
hearty love and affection. 

Whereas my dear father Matthew Haviland, late of the city of Bristol, 
alderman, deceased, did give and bequeath unto me live hundred pounds 
and appointed that I should yearly pay unto Mrs, Tbasia Haviland, his then 
wife, iitty pounds per annum during her natural life, for her better security 
I do defwsite and leave in the hands of the said Richard Holworthy four 
hundred pounds and authorize and appoint my brother Robert to pay unto 
him fme hundred pounds more to make up the five hundred in regard that 
my said hrother oweth me a more sum. And the said Richard Holworthy 
shall keep the said five hundred and in consideration of the forbearance and 
beuefit thereof shall yearly pay unto the said Thasia during her natural life 
the sum of fifty pounds per annum. And after her decease he shall distri- 
bute and dispose of the said five hundred pounds in manner and form 
following: that is to say, to Matthew Holworthy, Mary Holworthy, 
Ann Holworthy, Richard Holworthy and John Holwortliy, children of 
the said Richard and Mary hh late wife, my sister deceased, the sura of 
two hundred pounds to be equally divided amongst them, viz*, to each one 
of them the sum of forty pounds apiece. To Prudence Flolworthy and 
Thomas Holworthy, two other children of the said Richard, twenty pounds 
to be divided between them. To each of the chihlren of brother Robert, 
namely Matthew, Mary, Florence, Jane and Elizabeth Haviland, forty 
poanda apiece. The residue to my brother in law Mr. Richard Holworthy 
whom I do constitate, make and ordain my sole and only executor. 

Byrde, 29. 

Tbomas Fowwes of Plymomh, I>evon, Esquire, 15 June 1637, proved 
13 June 1638. To the Mayor and commonalty of Plymouth one hundred 
poun<ls, to set poor people on work and keep them from idleness. Refer- 
ence to a like gift made by Mr. John Gay re* A gift to the new Hosp. of 
Orphans Aid near Plymotith church. To the poor of Bristol. Elizabeth 
wife of William Stephens of Bristol, merchant, and Mary Longe, 
daughter of Mary Longe my sisitor decease<h Every of the daughters 
of Judith Amades my kinswoman (Francis Amadas their father). The 
daughters of Humpry Fownes deceaswb Warwick Fo wnea my kinsman 
»{elgewhere spoken of as of London, merchant), kinswoman Johan the 
wife of John Rogers and her children. Biouee Cotteu's son which she 

154 Gtnealogieal Gleanings in England. 

had by John Gotten deceased. Suaan Walkor (sic) and Johane Walter, 
daughters of my gbter Susan Walter, and Thomas Walter her son. My 
farm and harton at WhitJej. Richard Hawkina and his wife in ray 
senrice. My kinsman Richard Louge of Bristol, merchant, and bia chil- 
dren. My daughter Prudence, now the wife of John Waddon, and her 
children. To my daughter Maryt the wife of Richard Hal worthy six hun- 
dred pounds, which ehall be for her and the children that she hath by 
Richard Hutworthy. To my daughter Johan the wife of Hugh Gayer 
deceased, six hundred pounds, two hundred for herself and a hundred apiece 
for her children. James Yard, my godson, son of my aunt Yard lately 
deceased, and John Yard, her son. To Richard Fownes the son of Richard 
Fownes decease<l my tenement in Tavistock. To my son John the tentha, 
tithe and sheafe of the [larish of St. Budioi during my term and estate therein 
to come. To son Thomas messuages ifcc in Plymouth called the Pump 
Close, by the pump near the new •* key.*' To my two daughters Elizabeth 
Yard and Susun Kelloud all the apparel and rings which were their 
mother's, my late wife deceased. Certain Jewels and rings that were 
Julian FowTie§ deceased (wife of Richard Fownes deceased) I give unto 
her two sons Thomas and Richard Fownes. To my son John all the barton 
of East Whitleigh and the manor of Honiknowle, Provision against his 
proving a wasteful young man keeping riotous company and spending and 
cousuraitig his estate in drunkenness and idle courses. Son Thomas 
Fownes. Thomas and Richard sons of Richard Fownea deceased (called 
grandchildren). The two daughters of Francis Fownes deceased. The poor 
of Milbrooke in Cornwall. Abraham Sherwill now preacher at St. Bndiox, 
My messuages &c. purchased by me and my heirs from my cousin Warwick 
Fownes lying in the parishes of Ilsingtoii and High Week, Devon, and two 
pieces lying near the Lady Well. To Thomas Fownes my grandchild, son 
of Richard Fownes deceased, my manor of Lipson. I lately built and 
erected a Me&snage, Hospital and Alms House near the great Hill in Ply- 
moutli* containing thirteen rooms. John, Thomas and Susan Kelioud the 
80I1S and daughter of John Kellond. Edward Deacon, mercliaot, son of 
Edward Deacon deceased, and all his children. Prudence Martyn the 
daughter of Edward Deacon deceased and wife of Francis Martyu and all 
her children. 

Sons John and Thomas to be joint executors. Lee, 84, 

Richard Holworthie, merchant, one of the aldermen of the city of 
Bristol, 10 October 1G43, proved 9 December 1645. I have conveyed my 
dwelling house in Small street to my wife for her life. My eight children. 
To the mayor and commonalty of Bridgewater, Somerset, where 1 was 
born, fifly two pounds. My daughter Laimce and her son. To William 
Lauiice. My daughter Cam, My daughter Croft. All my grandchildren. 
My brother Nicholas Holworthie and his children. My sister Mallet and 
her children. My cousin Robert Kitchen. To my son Matthew Hol- 
worthie my rich scabbard which I had when I was mayor. My son Thomas 
Holworthie. Wife Mary to be executrix and my friend Mr. Ricljard Long, 
alderman, and my son in law Mr. James Crofte and my loving friend Mr. 
William Yeomans gen^ to he overseers. The residue to be divided into 
ten eqxia] parts whereof my wife shall have two and my eight children, 
Matthew, Richard, John^ Thomas, Joseph, Nathaniel, Samuel and Sarah, to 
have each one. Reference to a gift made by father iu law Mr. Fownes to 
hig grandchildren my four younger aous and my daughter Sarah. To brother 
Robert Haviland five pounds. Rivers, 147« 


Oenealogical Ghamngs in England. 


Thomas HoLWORTnrof Bristol, gen., 3 April 1654, proved 5 June 1 654. 
Copjhold lenemeDts in Rowberow, Somerset. Sou Thomas, brother-in- 
law James Crofle, mercbaot, »nd three of bis children, Richard, Anne and 
Mary Crofte. Wife (not named)* Alchio, 491. 

William Laitnce^ clerk. Rector of the parish church of St. Edmund 
the King and Martjr in Lombard Street^ London, 13 January 1664^ proved 
21 January 1 06.). To be buried in the chancel of that church. Sister 
Elizabeth Forsitbe, widow, and her daughter Eliziibcth Fursithe. William 
Launce, Matthew Launce, Prudence Lauuce, Mary Lang and Ann Parker, 
the sons and daughters of my brother James Launce, My said brother 
James and Anne liia wife- Zurishaddai Lang, Doctor in Physick^ the hus- 
band of the said Mary Lang. Mico, IL 

The 28»'» of August 1665. 

Brother Mathew Holworthy for the moneys of mine you have in yo' 
hands That is Two hundred ffour scoar nine pounds live shillings and 
Eleauen pence I would desire you to pay my daughter Mary Laug the 
sume of ffowerteene pounds of the interest moneys first due and the next 
interest moneys due to make up those moneys in yo' hands 3 buodrcd 
pounds. (Then follow gifts and bequests.) Son William Launce. Son 
Matthew Launce. Daughter Ann wife of William Parker living at Suri- 
nam. Son John. Daughter Prudence Launce. 

This was signed "Your loveing Sister Anne Laanoe*" Mico, 130. 

Nathaniel Hol-wortot, gentleman, 29 January 1667, proved 20 
February 1667. I do appoint my brother Mr. James Croft senior to be 
my sole executor and Mr. John Speed to be his overseer. My body to bo 
buried in the parish church of St. Wasbrowes (sic), near to my father M' 
^chard Holworthy, and I do appoint forty poufida to bury me and for 
ftineral charges, at my brother Crofters discretion. To my sister Mrs. 
Prudence Croft ten pounds ** to morne." To my brother James Croft, ten 
pounds to mourn. To my sister Sarah Holworthy fifty shillings. To ray 
Bister Holworthy in the College Green fifty shillings. To my cousin 
Thomas Holworthy fifty shillings. To my cousin James Croft junior five 
pounds. To my cousin Mary Croft five pounds. To my cousin Ann Croft 
five pounds. To my cousin Hoppen forty shillings. To my cousin ThomM 
Cam forty shillings. To my cousin Arthur Cam forty shillings. A piece 
of gold of twenty shillings to Mr. Jones, the minister, to preach my funeral 
sermon. To Mr, Palmer the minister a piece of gold of twenty shillings. 
To Mr. Yeamona forty shillings. To Mrs. Sarah Yeamons twenty shil- 
Uogs. The best watch I give to my cousin James Croft junior and my 
other watch to my cousin Mary Croft. To Mr. Yeomans' aoii, William 
Yeomans ten shillings. To be paid to Mr. Cox in the Hurstreet twelve 
pounds for a debt. All what I have at sea, Gtod sending it well home, I 
give to my cousins James, Mary and Anne Croft. To Anne Smith ten 
ghillingfi. To Rachel Lewis ten shillinga. To Mr. John Speed forty 
shillings. Hene, 19. 

In the Probate Act Book for 1668 the testator above named is called 
lately of the city of Bristol. 

Mense Januarii 1677. Vicosimo nono die em* Com** Dfio Matheo Hol- 
worthy miti marito Itifllo Marifc Holworthy nup puae stae Margaretae 
Lothbury London deftae hentis etc. Admon. Act Book, 1678. 

VOL. XLV. 15* 

156 Oenealogical Oleanings in England. [April, 

Mathew Hol worthy of Hackney, Middlesex, knight, 9 Biay 1677, 
proved 28 November 1678. To my wife Sosanna Hol worthy, over and 
above her jointure and other settlements made unto her and for her use, 
three handred pounds and all her Jewells and ornaments of her body for 
ever, and the use of all my plate and furniture and goods of my house 
during her natural life. And after her decease I do give the same unto 
my son Matthew forever. I do further give unto my said dear wife fidl 
power to sell the fee of my now dwelling house in Hackney, with all the 
ground and appurtenances thereto belonging, and to retain unto herself, to 
her proper use, one third part of the moneys that shall be made thereof. 
The other two third parts thereof I do give and bequeath unto my son 
Matthew and to his heirs forever. 

" Item I doe giue and bequeath unto the Colledge or university in or of 
Cambridge in New England the summe of one Thousand pounds to be paid 
and made over to the Governors and directors thereof to be disposed of by 
them as they shall judge best for promoteing of learning and promulgation 
of the Gospell in those parts. The same to be paid within Two yeares 
next comeing after my decease." 

There shall be land bought to the value of six hundred pounds near my 
manor of Sporle in Norfolk and the yearly rents and profits thereof shall be 
given and paid unto such ministers as shall be fitly qualified for the ministry 
and known to be of a good life and conversation and shall, every Lord*s 
day, preach two sermons in the Church of that parish at the usual hours. 
The sum of two thousand pounds shall be given and disposed of in and to 
such charitable uses as shall be directed in and by a Schedule hereunto 
annexed or by any other writing under my hand writing. To the poor of 
the town of Sporle twenty pounds. To the poor of the parish of Hackney 
twenty pounds. To Edmond Channel! nineteen pounds thirteen shillings, 
to Cisly Binner thirty six pounds, six pence (reference made to a book of 
accounts), to John Burrow the debt be oweth unto me and all my house 
goods that are in the keeping of bis brother Robert Burrow and all those 
sums of money owing unto me by several bonds of his brother Thomas 
Burrow. To all and every of my nephews and nieces ten pounds, I say 
ten pounds to each of them. To my sister Mary Madocke eight pounds 
per annum during her natural life, to commence from the next day after 
my death. To my sister Croft six pounds per annum. I do order and 
will that six pounds shall be paid every year unto Mr. Thomas Gouge to 
promote his labour in instructing the Welsh as long as he shall continue in 
that pious work. Three hundred pounds to be paid unto such ministers as 
my executors shall judge deserving and to need supply, not exceeding ten 
pounds unto any of them singly. To my son Matthew all the remainder of 
my estate, both real and personal, to him and his heirs forever, he paying 
to every other child begotten me the sum of three thousand pounds to each 
of them, as soon as any of them shall have attained unto the age of twenty 
one years, and shall also pay unto every and each of them forty pounds per 
annum during the life of my dear wife, for their maintenance and breeding 
up, and after her decease shall allow and pay unto every and each of them 
one hundred pounds per annum for their maintenance and greatening of 
their portions, until they shall have attained their respective ages of twenty 
one years and the receipt of their respective portions of three thousand 
pounds hereby given and bequeathed. My manor of Sporle shall stand 
engaged for the payment thereof. Provision made in case of death of 
issue. To my nephew George Holworthy, to enjoy during his natural life, 

Genealogical Gleanings in England. 


my manor of Sporle, with Great PaJgrave, Norfolk^ and after his decease 
to his next heir male (lawful) *S:c., remainder to his brother John liol- 
worthy, remainder to my nephew Jolui, sou of my brother John PloJwortby, 

If my said son and every other oliild of mine shall all depart this life 
without issue, then the remainder of my personal estate to the children, then 
living, of my brother Richard Holworthy deceased, of my brother John 
Hoi worthy, of my sister Mary Madocke and of my sister Anne Lauuce, iu 
eqoal parts &c. My father Henry Henly Esq. and my wife Susanna to 
be my execators and guardians of my son. 

Administration was granted 17 August 1704 to Matthew Holworthy 
Esq., the son, on the goods &c. left uuadministcred by Henry Henly Esq., 
and Dame Susanna Holwortliy, now also dead. Reeve, 41* 

John Holwortht of Loudon, merchant, 23 February 1683, proved 1 
December 1687. Mentions wife Anne, refers to agreement made with her 
father deceased, before marriage, mentions also son John Holworthy, 
friend Sir Thomas Jeuaer, Recorder of London, daiigfiter Ann Holworthy, 
Provision iu case she marries Luke Robinson of Gray's Inn, Jliddlesex, 
Esq. Mrs, Anne Horsnell, her son ami daughter. Cousin S.irah Ramsdea 
wife of Michael Ramsden. Sister Madox- Mr. John Foche in Cannon 
Street, scrivener. Christ church Hospital. Foote, 15L 

SAMrEL Penoyer of London, merchant, 29 June 1652, proved 12 May 
1654. To my brother William Penoyer and to his wife Martha ten pounds 
ftpieoe, to buy ihem mourning. Twenty pounds to poor godly families 
which shall be in want, to be disposed of by my said sister Martha Penoyer. 
To the children of John Butler and David Butler, dwelling in Hereford- 
fliiire, twenty pounds, to be paid to my brother William Penoyer for the 
use of the said children. To Master Brookes the minister six pounds and 
to Master Fraiser the minister live pounds to buy them mourning. The 
residue of my goods, chattels an*! personal estate to my wife Rose Penoyer, 
whom 1 make and ordain full and sole executrix j and for overaeera I 
nominate and appoint my loving friends Master Richard Hill, Master 
William Flobson, Esquires* and Master William Penoyer Esquire, and I 
give and bequeath t^o them ten pounds apiece. Touching my lauds, tene- 
ments and hereditament*, I giro and bequeath to my wife Rose, for and 
during her natural life, my manor of Tharfield, Herts., and all ray lands 
&c. in Acton, Middlesei, and all my adventures for lands in Ireland; and 
after her decease I give and bequeath the said manor, and lands &c unto 
Thomas Adams Esq., Thomas Cullam Esq., and Alderman of London, 
Christopher Pack Esq. and Alderman of London, Andrew Rickards Esq. 
and Alderman of London, Robert Lowtlier and Samuel Vassall Esquires, 
John Rogers, Robert Winch, John Taylor and James Russell, members of 
the Company of Drapers of the City of London, upon this trust and 
confidence and to this intent and purpose, that they shall pay and dispose 
of the first three years' rents <S:c after the decease of my said wife to such 
uses and in such manner as my said wife by her last will, or by any other 
writing under her hand and seal, shall direct and appoint. And if after the 
first three years next after my wife's decease my brother William and 
Martha his wife, or the survivor of them, shall happen to be in want and 
poverty and shall make such his, her or their want and poverty known to 
the Bald Company at any Court of Assistants, then the said trustees shall, 
after the tirst three years' rents &c paid and disposed of as aforesaid^ pay 

155 Genmlogical Gleanings in England* [AprOy 

or cause to be paul nnto my said brother William, during the oatural lives 
of him and his wife Martha, one hundred pounds per annum, and to the 
sanrivor of them fifty pounds per annum during the life of such aurvivor. 
If any of ray collateral cousins on my father's side or mothers &ide (not 
exc^ding the second degree from any of the brethren or sisters of my 
father or mother) shall stand in need of money to place them forth appren- 
tices the said trustees shall out of the ^aid rents pay or disburse the sum of 
fifty pounds for the pnttino; forth apprentice of every such collateral comfin 
of mine to some godly man to be brought up in some honest and lawful 
trade, and nhall pay such cousin one hundred pounds for and as a stock if 
he or she shall live till the expiration of ]\\n or her apprenticeship and shall 
be of honest life and conversation. Provision made for the putting forth 
of other, fatherless, children of fourteen years of age &c. There shall be 
paid to Richard Butler, student in the University of Cambridge^ out of the 
rents &c* of my lands in Acton an annuity of six pounds per annum for ten 
years next after my decease. Twelve pounds per annum for a lecture to be 
yearly preached on Thursday or Friday for ever in the meeting-place or 
church called St- Stephens witliin the city of Bristol. Provision made ia 
case wife bring forth a son or daughter before or after my decease. 

Alchin, 388* 

William Pennotkr Esq., citizen and cloth-worker of London, 25 May 
1670, proved 13 February 1670. Having attained to a competent worldly 
estate and having no children, being deairous to make provision for Martha, 
my dear and loving wife, daughter of John Joycelyn, late of Hyde Hall in 
Sabridgeworth in the county of Hertford, Esquire deceased, and others of 
my kindred &c &c Then follow sundry bequests for the poor &c. To 
Mr. William Bridge the elder at Great Yarmouth ten pounds^ to Mr. Wil- 
liam Greenhill of Stepney twenty pounds, to Sir. William Hooke twenty 
pounda and to bis two sons, John and Walter, leu pounds apiece. Others 
named, including Sir William Thompson, Maurice Thompson Esq. and 
John JolliSe Esq. To my brother Joscelyne Esq. ten pounds. To Sam- 
uel Desborowe Esq, twenty pounds and to Rose his wife (the late wife of 
my brother Samuel Pennoyer deceased) twenty pounds. To Elizabeth 
Cheese, my near kins woman, now wife of John Cheese of Ashford near 
Ludlow, three hundred pounds, to be wholly at her own dispose, and to 
John Cheese her husband Hfty pounds. To my kiosman Pennoyer Cheese^ 
SOD of the said Elizabeth, two hundred and fifty pounds, to his brother 
Samuel Cheese two hundred pounds and to Elizabeth Cheese their sister 
two hundred pounds, the song at two and twenty and the daughter at like 
age or marriage. To Thomas Edea (eldest son of my kinswoman Isabel 
Edes) fourscore pounds and to each other of the children of the said Isabel, 
one hundred pounds apiece. Samuel and Richard, two of her sons, to be 
placed apprentices. To David Butler of Dorson, Herefonl, yeoman, four- 
score pounds and to his two daughters fourscore pounda apiece. To Evan 
Butler of Cusopp, Hereford, seventy pounds and to his son Walter, now at 
New England, and to each other of his children threescore pounds apiece^ 
To Thomas Butler, bod of Thomas Butler late of Cusopp deceased, sixty 
pounds and to his own sister Elizabeth twenty pounds, and to their sisters, 
Mary, sixty pounds, and Jane, seventy pounds. To William Butler, late 
of the city of Hereford, twenty shillings. To Toby Butler, one of the 
children of John Butler, late of Dorson deceased, sixty pounds, to William, 
another of the children, My pouuds and to their brother Thomas Butler, 


Oenealogical Ohanings in Englam 

apprentice to one WilliatnB a taylor, seventy poiinda. To their sister Mary 
one hundre<] poimda. To Katheriue Butler alias Roberts, sister of the 
aforesaid Evan liutler, five pounds to he paid to ber own bands. All and 
every of the said several persons of the sirtiame of Butler being of my 
Idlidred. And to all of tlieni and to all other of my own kindred and my 
wife*8 kindre<l^ except John Hyat» stiller, I forgive all such sums of money 
as any of them shall owe tin to me at my decease* 

Item. I will and order that the sum of eight hundred pounds, ster. Rhall 
be laid out in the best goods and merchandizes tit for New Enghmd, which 
I suppose to be woollen cloth and other woollen commodities and linen, all 
which I desire may be bought and provided by Mr. Henry Ashurst, draper, 
Mr. John Langley, Mr. John Jolliffe and Mr. Benjamin Albyn, or any two 
of them, and my executors to allow them two p cent for their pains and 
no more ; and I order the same to be sent over to the Corporation for the 
Propagation of the Gospel in New England and the parts adjacent in 
America, to be secured for the purposes hereinafter mentioned; — to the intent 
and purpose that the value of eight hundred pounds ster., in goods and 
commodities of that country, may upon sale thereof be delivered to Robert 
Pennoyer of Stamford in New England for the equal use and benefit of 
bimself and each of his children j and further to the iti tent and purpose 
that what shall be made thereof above the said eight hmidred pounds value 
in the commoditiefl of that country shall be and remain to his sister Eliauor 
Reading and her husband Tliomas Reading and all their children equally 
and indifferently. To my kinswoman Anne Cruse, the wife of Richard 
Cmse, near Doraon, seventy pounds and to her son one hundred pounds. 
To Williiim Peoooyer, late servant to Mr. Michael Davison, on© hundred 
pounds^ if living at my decease. To the poor of Great St. Mellens, Lou- 
don, one hundred pounds. Sundry other bequests and provisions. 

And for and concerning my other messiuages^ lauds tenements and 
hereditaments in the said County of Norfolk,* let to Robert Moore at the 
yearly rent of forty and four pounds per annum. My will is that out of 
the rents and profits thereof ten pounds per annum shall be paid for ever 
to the Corporation for Propagation of the Gospel in New England and that 
With the residue thereof two Fellows and two scholars forever shall be 
educated, maintained and brought up in the college called Cambridge Col- 
lege in New England, of which I desire one of them, so often as occasion 
shall present, may be of the line or posterity of the said Robert Pennoyer, 
if they be capable of it, and the other of the colony now or late called 
"Newhaven" Colony, if conveniently may be. And I delare ray mind to 
b6 that eight years or thereabouts is a convenient time for education of 
each tcholar respectively, and about that standing others to be taken in 
their places, which nevertheless as to time I leave to the Master and Gover- 
nors of the said College. Provision for the continuance of the trusteeship, 
A bequest to Mrs. Row, mother of Mr. Samuel Criape. Duke, 25. 

fW'ultcr Butler, son of Evan Butler of Cusop, Tlerefordsblre, named above as 
being in New England^ was probably the Walter Butler wlio in 1672 was one of 
the 27 purcbaser's of Horseneck in Greenwich, Ct. Hi': was a legal voter of 
Gn^nwlcU in 1G88, but his name does not appear in the town lists for HHJ4-6; 
though a Thomas Butler is found in that list. (See Mead's History of Green- 
wich, Ct,, pages 67t 71 and 79.) The christian name Walter occurs in the Butler 
family of New London, Ct., at a later date. (See Caulkins's lEstory of New 
London, page 342.) 

* In or Dflar Pulham St. Mary, according to a description in a previoaa clause of tho will. 


Genealogical Gleaning* in England. 

[April p 

Robert Petmoyer of St&mforti in New Enuland, namtMl Bbove, was mi early 
settler of Stamford, Gt. He had a|Hon Thomas bora there hi 1 60^. Several 
parcels of land were asslgped him soon after the settlement of the town. (See 
Rev. B. B. UnDtinjLTton'a History of Stamford, page 59.) It is inippo»ed that 
be was the Robert Peonalre aged 21 years who with Thomas Pennalre a^ed 10 
eiabarked at London for New England, Sept. 8, 163&. (See Hbgistkr, toL S, 
IM^e 399).— Kditor.] 

Martha Pennoter of London, widow, relict of William Pennoyer 
late of Loudon Esq. deceased, 16 July 1672, proved 2 July 1674. To 
brotlier Edward Josilin one hundred pounds and to his daughter Anne 
Jostlin seventy pounds. To my niece Susan Gwin twenty pounds and to 
her three children now living twenty pounds apiece (thfiy minora). To 
Johu Jostlin son of Mr. Thomas Jostlin minister twenty pounds. To my 
cousin Susanna Lansdell seventy pounds. Five shillings weekly, for ten 
years, to my cousin Elizabeth Davies, the wife of Benjamin Davies, to be 
paid into her own hands. Her two children (not named). To my consm 
Andrew Cater, minister at Hide Hall, twenty pounds and to his brother 
Henry Cater twenty pounds. To their sister Cater ten pounds and to the 
daughter of the said Henry Cater ten pounds. Bequests to poor and dis- 
tressed people and families. My cousin Jane Courtman of Colchester and 
her four children (sons and daughters). John Davies, merchant, and hia 
sou John. Isabel Edes of UUijjghall, Warwickshire, Auue Cruse wife of 
Richard Cruse, of Clifford in the Co. of Hereford. Others, Bunce, 3. 

Rose Disbrowe of Elsworth, Co. of Cambridge, widow, late wife of Sam- 
uel Disbrowe Esq. (ageil and indisposed &c.). To brother Joseph Uobson 
Esq. ten pounds to buy him mourning — other property — and my great 
bible for the term of his life, and, after his decease, to sister M" Sarak 
White. To sister M** Elizabeth Hobsoo five jvouuds and to her grand- 
daughter five pounds. To sister the Lady Bolton ten pounds to buy her 
mourniiig. To sister Sarah White the first year's rent of my estate in Ire- 
land after my decease, which said estate was given unto me by my late 
dear husband M"" Samuel Pennoyer, merchant and citizen of London— and 
certain Jewells Jcc, which are to go to her daughter M" Rebecca Lloyd 
and her other two daughters. To sister M" Ann Hudson and each of her 
own sons and daughter. To my brother M', George Robbius a ring. To 
nephew M^ William White the elder the second year's Irish rents. To 
M' William White the younger and to M" White his wife* To my nephew 
M' Samuel Browne and my niece M" Elizalieth Browne. To D' Fryer 
and my niece his wife and her children, I further give unto my said niece 
Fryer her grandfather Bolton's locket for life, and after her decease unto 
Anna Maria her daughter; also six napkins marked R: L: To John 
Fryer. To my niece M" Elizabeth Pomfret. To my niece M" Hannah 
Aldrich the elder. To my niece M" Sarah Pastor. To my niece M" 
Rebecca Lloyd and her daughter Rose Lloyd. To Hannah Aldrich the 
younger, now dwelling with me. The third year's rent of my estate in 
Ireland, after my decease to be equally divided between the children of my 
nieces Aldrich, Pouter, Pomfret, Fryer and Lloyde. To M" Mary Sher- 
wood the elder and her daughter Fryer. To M^ George Sherwood her 
huBhanrl. To M" Dudgein and M" Sarah Baker. To my sou Christo- 
pher Mills Esq. and to his lady, To my grandson Samuel Mills Esq. and 
to hia lady. To said grandson his grandfather's ring with his coat of arms 
upon iL To Matthew Hollworthy Esq. my grandbon and to hia lady my 


Genealogical Gleanings in England. 


granddaag'hter. To said granddaughter her gratidfather'a picture set in 

fold aud if she die without heirs of her body my grandchild Samuel Mills 
Isq. shall have the same after her decease. To Sl*^ Hatmah Aldridge the 
younger. To M" Dye the elder and her daughter M" Ann Dye. To 
brother Joseph Hohson Eaq. my owd father's picture and my husband 
Lacey^B pictxire. To my sister M" Sarah White my Lady Arman'a 
picture, and my father Lacey's picture. To the Reverend M- James Dis- 
browe my nephew. To my cousin Surah Kiniston. 

Dated 28 June 1698. Codicil dated 4 March 1698. Sworn to 25 
March 1699. Proved 21 April 1699. Pett, 56. 

[Mrs. Rose Disbrowc died March 4, 1698. In her 83d year, and her Imnband 
Baniuel Disbrowc died Dec. 10, 1G90, aged 75. See iuscriptions at Elswortb in 
the Reglbter. vol. 41, pajires 3tiO-6l. Tbc will of Samuel Disbrowe Is printed 
on page ;i55 of that volume, — Kditor.] 

William Hobson of Hackney, Middlesex, Esq., 13 Novemher 1661, 
proved 13 March 1661. Aged and very infirm. Personal estate very 
small and inconsiderable. Daughter Anne. Son Joseph. Christ's Hos- 
pital. The poor of Hi Martin Ludgate. The poor of Great Glen where I 
was born. The poor of Hackney. The Company of Haberdashers. 

" AJso I give to my daughter Desborow Tenne Founds to buy her a 
peece of Plate." To my daughter Bolton tke like stim. My daughter 
Sarah White the wife of Jesper White. My daughter Ward. The two 
children of my daughter Bannister at eighteen or days of marriage. Mj 
daughter Sarah White's four children at eighteen or days of marriage. 
The six children of my daughter Rebecca White, late deceased wife of 
William White, the sons at twenty- three and the daughters at one and 
twenty years or days of marriage. My sister Alice Wickes. My daughter 
Mary Sherwood. Farm in Hendon, Middlesex. My manor of St. John m 
Jerusalem in Hackney. My sons In law William White and Patience 
Warde. Son Nathaniel. Grandson William White. My son in law 
George Robins. My son in law Thomas Moore. My sou in law Alder- 
man William Bolton. My loving friend Robert Yarway. Nathaniel and 
Anne to be under guardianship. Laud, 38. 

'^LauB Deo in London the fower & twentith Angost one thousand 
Bii hundred thirty six," 

£dward Foord citizen and leather: of London and merchant adventurer 
of England. To be buried in the choir of the Church of Aldermanbury, it 
being the parish where my house staudeth aud my residence mont is. 
According to the laudable custom of the city of London I divide my estate 
into three parts, one third to my dear and loving wife, one third to my 
child, and the other third 1 dispose of in legacies, being in my own power 
to to do. I conceive that my mansion house in Aldermanbury, with my 
two tenements adjoining, may amount to as much within 500£ as my third 
part- I give the inheritance of all three houses to my son Daniel Foord, 
he to pay to his sister Rebecca Foord, my second daughter, one huudred 
fifty pounds, and to his three younger sisters, Hannah, Elizabeth and Hea- 
ter Foord, each fifty pounds aud to his brother Edward, which was born 
before I ended this my last will, one hundred pounds more than his child's 
part. These are to be paid them at their several days of marriage or 
twenty one years of age. To wife Hannah her free dwelliog in my mansion 
house in Aldermanbury, only allowing twenty pounds per annum to my 
fton Daniel towards his breeding at schools abroad. Other provisions for 


Genealogical GhaningB in England* 


wife and son Edward. My wife to pay aii pounds yearly to Doctor 
Siaughton, my minister^ during his life or abode in Aldernmnbury, acid 
after him the next miQister that shall succeed him if the said minister be 
chosen by the parish and comes in with their good liking. To my brother 
William Foord of Kynver a lease which I bold of Mr. John Whorwood, 
known by the name of Wilkinson's lands, at Comptoo. To my brother 
Hiirafrey Foord ten pounds and to my brother and sister Eaton five pounds 
to buy them rings, and to my godson William ten pounds when he shall be 
put to apprentice. To my brother Daniel Gouer fifty pounds, to be paid 
him when he hath done with his cre^litors, to help him in the world. To 
the parish of Kynver where I was born. To suuclry ministers, companies 
and charities. 

*' Also I give towards the erectinge a free schoole in New England, if 
anie such worke be done» that the Companie doth owe me, w'^' is in true 
right fiftie poundes ; and yet I gave fifty jioundes towards the worke, which 
I value at nothing; and yet I am content to give tenu poundes more 
towardes a free schoole, there toeducateyouth,yf anie such thing bee done." 

I forgive Henry Moseley a debt of seven [x^unds wLich he oweth me. 
To Mrs. Susanna Bland forty shillings, beiug doubtful I borrowed a bill 
of store of her husband, John Bland, and do not remember I paid him. 
The rest of my estate, debts and funeral charges paid, I desire may 
be divided, on© half to my wife and the other half to my son Edward. 
I entreat my brother Humfrey Foord and my dear friend Mr. Daniel Hod- 
son to assist my wife whom I make sole executrix. To my said friend 
Daniel llodaon ten pounds. 

Three lines addt?d 13 September 1639 to explain that daughter Mary 
Foord, being advariced in marriage 1 1 July last to Mr. Tho : Bunch, with 
whom testator gave a thousand pounds present and promised two hundred 
pounds more the H July 1641, is to have no more than that till all her 
sisters and younger brother have as much as she, and then to divide equally. 

Acknowledged by the testator as hia will 13 September 1G39, Proved 
by the widow G January 1G4L Cambell, 2. 

Francis BRtDGEa of Clapham, Surrey, citizen and Salter of London, 
28 May 1642, proved 23 June 1612. To loving sister Elizabeth BeoBon 
twenty pouods and to her four children, William Risby, Elizabeth Pen- 
nington, Sara Thome and Judith Risby, fifty pounds apiece. Bequests to 
cousiu germau Oliver Huntley, and to Humfrey Huntley, son of cousin 
William. Cousins John Barton, Constance Clayton, and Susan Wheeler. 
Wife's mother Susan Carpenter and brother in law Gabriel Carpenter. 
Sister in law Mary Bicke. Cousin Mr. Charles Offkpriug, minister. Mr. 
Francis Taylor parson (at present) of Clapham and Mr, John Arthur our 
DOW lecturer. Mr, Pemberlon, miuister, Mrs. Mary Washborne, widow 
(the elder). Wife's kinsraao Samuel Bonner. Wife's cousin Elizabeth 
Harris. Samuel and Sarah Remnant, the two ehildreu of William R^am- 

" Item I give and bequeath unto Mr. Wells, Mr. Hooker, Mr. Peters 
and Mr, Syms (Ministers of New England) the sofae of ffiftie pouodea 
towards the enlargement of a colledge in New England for students there. 
Alsoe I give unto the said flower New England Ministers Twenty Poundes 
to bee disposed towardea the clothinge of the poore in New England accord- 
ing as they in their discretions shall thiuke ^ll" 

Bequests to the poor, to the city of London, to Chrifit'a Hospital dc 



Genealogical Gleanings in England. 





Four messuages in St Sjthes Lane, London, now or late in tenures or 
occapatiotis of Mr. Retnnant, Mr. Simpson, Mr. Mosse and Mr. Heath. 
The manor and Lordship of Lachington Barnes ak Purleigh Barnes in Essex. 
Mr. Daniel Pennington living iu Bow Churchyard. My brothers in law 
Gabriel Carpenter, William Beeke, Thomas Walker and Henry Bonner. 
My mother Carpenter. Sister Bicke and her haaband. Wife Sara to be 
executrix. Cambell, 80, 

Nathaniel Hclton, citizen and sadler of London, 29 July 1692, 
proT^ 13 March 1693, Beqwests to James Greene the younger^ eon of 
James Green my bod in law, Richard Green another sou^ John Greene, 
another son, Margery Greene, a daughter and Elizabeth, their sister. To 
Joseph Scriven. To the poor of Newington Green, where I now Vive. To 
wife Elizabeth* for life* my copyhold messuage, at Newington Green, newly 
erected and built with brick, where lately was standing an old messuage 
commonly called or known by the name of the Green Dragon, and after 
her decease I give the said tenement to William llulton, son of my !ute 
kinsman William Hulton deceased and his lawful male issue (entailed), 
then to Joseph Hulton, son of ray late kinsman Adam Hulton deceased and 
his lawftd male issue, next to my right heirs. To the widow and the daughter 
of said kinsman Adam Hulton, these two legacies to be paid into the handa 
of my kinsman Samuel Haward. Thomas Crompton sou of my late kins- 
man Adam Crompton deceased, and to his two daughters. The daughter 
of my kinsman George Crompton. My kinsman John Hill. Natliauiel 
fiill son of Edmund Hill deceased. My kinswoman Elizabeth Hill. My 
slater Elizabeth Dickiiis widow of John Dickins deceased. JMy kinswoman 
Ann Pimlott. Mary Pickford wife of Mr, Pickford and her seven 
children. My kinsman Robert Dickings. 

A codicil bearing date 23 March 1 692, mentions son in law Thomas 
Horrocks, and his wife, daughter in law Jane Ferry and others. 

Another codicil dated 1 January 1693 contains the following bequest: — 

♦* I give and bequeath to Mr. Encreaae Mather Minister of the Gospell 
in New England the Stimme of One Hundred pounds of LawfuU money of 
England for the use of the Colledge there of which hee is president.*' 

Bequests to BrideweD Hospital, to Christ Church Hospital and to daugh- 
ter Jane Perry. My body to be interred at Bolton in Lancashire near 
Either and mother. Box d4. 

Samuel Holden of London, merchant, 29 December 1733, with codicil 
bearing date 16 November 1738, proved 18 June 1740, My body to be 
buried in my vault in St. Bridget's churchyard with all that privacy iliat ia 
oondatent with decencv, without bearers or more to attend my corpse 
than are necessary. I give and bequeath to poor congregations what I 
have remaining of Mr. Baxter's Works in the same manner as those dis- 
posed of in my life. To the Society for Propagating Christian Knowledge 
in the Highlands of Scotland on© hundred pounds. To each of the direo- 
ton of the Bank of England and each of the Assistants of the Russia Com- 
pany a gold ring. To the Rev*^ Doctors Harris, Grosveuor and Watts, 
each a gold ring. To my good friend Matthew Shififner fifty pounds for 
mourning for himself and wife. To Joseph Fawthrop twenty pounds for 
mourning, and rings to such other of my friends as my wife shall see fitting. 
The rest and residue of my personal estate I give and bequeath to my dear 
wife Jane Holden, to my daughters PriscilJa, Jane and Mary Holden, 



Oenealo^ical Gleanings %n EngJani 

share and share alike. To Jane my wife, during her natural life or widow- 
hood, all the reutd, profit* and emoluroenta of my esUiteio the co. of Derby 
for her 8ole use and bene£t ; and after her decease or marriage, which may 
first happen, to my daughters PrisciUa, Jane and Mary Holdeo, each oue 
third part; and at the decease of any of them the same to be divided by 
the survivors; and after the decease of all to the children of PrisciUa, or in 
default thereof to those of Jane» or in default thereof to those of Mary 
Holden, If all should die without children and my wife Jane Holden 
should survive them then the re&idue to l>e at her dispoaal. My said wife 
to be sole executrix and my friend Joseph Fawthrop^ merchant, trustee for 
the fulfilling of the same, willing the legacies of my chUdren to be paid 
them at the age of twenty one years or at marriage^ 

(Codicil) My will further is that what my estate may exceed sixty 
tliousaud pounds (exclusive of laud) be distributed iu charitable uses at the 
discretion of my wife and children, such as promoting true Religion, I 
mean Sobriety, Righteousness and Grodliness, without regard to any party 
or denomination, either here or in New England, the relief of industrious 
poor and of those who are aged and friendless or In such other ways as 
have the greatest tendency to the promoting the honor of God and the good 
of Mankind. 

18^ June 1740, personally appeared John Lewis Hansen of St. Peter le 
Poor, London, merchant, and Henry Shiffuer, of the same, gentleman, &c. 
and deposed that they were well acquainted with Samuel Holdeu late of 
Roehampton, iu the Pariah of Putney, in the co, Surrey, deceased, for sev- 
eral years next before and until the time of his death, which happened oti 
or about the twelfth day of this instaat June, as these deponents are in- 
formed and believe, &c. ic Browne, 172. 


WAsatNaTON Notes* 

It was announced on the cover of the January Register that the will of CoL 
John Washington, the eml|?nmt ancestor of i'reaideut Washington, had been 
rectully fuuncl. Both the orig^inal will and the original record of it were found 
at about the same time in different places. Mr. Moncurc D. Conway of New York 
city, in a commiimcation to the New Yorlt Nation^ Oct. 24, 1889, says: "The 
Rev. E. C. McGuire writing in 1836 says that the wlE was then at Mount Vernon ** 
(see Hs<ST8TER, Tol. i3, page 79), and he snggested that search be made among 
them. It was among these Mount Vernon papers presen'ed by Mr. Lawrence 
Washingrton of Alexandria, which last winter were temporarily deposited in the 
National Museum at Washington, D. C, that the curator of the Museum, Mr. 
A. Howard Claris, discovered the original ivill. The papers were withdrawn 
from the Museum in Febniary last, to be sold at auction. Joseph M, Toner, 
M.D.t of Washington, has made an exact copy of this will from the original. 
The wills of Lawrence Washington the emig:rant, brother of Col. John; 
of Lawrence Washington, son of John the emigrant ; of Augustine Washing- 
ton, tiou of the precetllug and father of the general; and of I^wrenc« 
Washington, the general's half brother, are also eitant and Dr. Toner 
has copies of them. The five wills are promised to us by him for the 
neit number of the Rkqister. The will of Augustine has never been printed. 
There is, as part of the same record, a copy of the Deed of Roger Gregory and 
Ills wife Mildred (Waahlngton) Gregory— aunt and god-mother of George, — ^ta 
Augustine Washington, her brother, of the Little Bunting Creeke, now Mount 
Vernon, Estate wmch she inherited from her fatlier Lawrence Washington, son 
of John the emigrant. The recitals in this deed to Mildred's brother Augustine 
the father of George, makes clear the kinship of the WasMngtoiis aad adso tho 
cl&Lm of title to the Mount Vernon estate. 




The record of the will was discovered, about the same time as the will itself, bj 
Mr. J. Warren Hutt. clerk of the county court of Westmoreland^ Va*, in his office. 
Mr. Isaac J. Greenwood caused searches to Ije made in this oflBce in 1S7S and la 

1889, and Mr. Conway made a search there personally in the latter year. They 
were ali nnsnccessful. But the search was not al>andoned, and in Decemher, 

1890, the old ori^jiuai record book of Westmoreland county, embracing the pro- 
ceedings of the courtft, patents, assignments of patcnis, deeds, liduciary acts, 
depositions, etc., after having been thrown aside, was accidentally discovered. 
In thJs volume the will of Col. John Washington was entered. Mr. Hutt 
promptly notitJed Messrs. Conway and Greenwood of the discover)^, and sent 
them copies of the will. Mr. Conway had the will printed in the^iVrtfion for 
Dec. 18, 18^0, and Mr. Greenwood sent his copy to the editor of the Registkr. 
The record la much mutilated, and there are many breaks in the copies furnished 
by the clerk. It was no duubt from this record that Bishop Meade got his brief 
notes of the will, which he says was much mutilated. The original will^ for- 
tanately, can all be made ont. 

Mr. Conway has written an article on the Washington family for Harper's 
Magazine, which will appear in the May number. It will be richly illustrated, 
Tlie author visited England last year and collected ranch interesting material. 
His personal researches have resulted in finding important evidence in favor of 
Mr. Waters's theory, which will appear in his article. We shall lay It before our 
readers in our Jnly number. Mr. Conway's article cannot fail to be interesting 
and trustworthy. 

Mr. James Greenstreet has contrlbnted to "The Genealogist" for January, 

1891, page U5-7, an article entitled *' The Ancestry of General Washington," 
in which he makes known to ns some of the unpublished discoveries of Col. 
Chester, relating to the ancestry of Washiniertou. Mr. Waters will print this 
article in the next number of his Gleanings. Mr. Whitraore expressed the feel* 
Ings of Col. Chester's American friends, when he wrote In the Rbwister for 
October, 1889 (vol. 43, page *24), in his annotations of Mr. Waters's article: 
** Every one will regret that Col. Chester did not have the good fortune to 
bring to a successful conclusion the investigation which he pursued for so many 
years."— Eduob. 




Gekealootcil QimurKS. — Who were the parents of Elirabeth Searey, m, 30 
Nov. 1732, John* Jenness of Rye, N. J., when was she born and when died? 

Who were the parents of Capt. John Light, m. 2d in 1748 Deborah* Smith of 

Who were the parents of Benjamin Fifleld and his wife Sarah? Their daugh- 
ter Hannah, b. 1734, ra. Nathaniel* Wiggin. 

Who were the parents of Elizabeth Ayer of Haverhill, b. 1748, m. Jacob* Ela? 
Their son Joseph,* b. 1771, m. 1 March, 1795, Sarah Emerson of Haverhill, b, 
17C9 ; whose daughter was she? 

When did Daniel* Ela (b. about 1G33, m. In England) marry Us 1st wife Eliza- 
beth, and whose daughter was she? Their son Israel* of Haverhill, m. 1680» 
Abigail Bos worth ; whose daughter was she and where was she born? John* 
Kla m. Rachel Page of Haverhill, b. im9; whose daughter was she? Their son 
Jacob* m. 2d, 1738, Ednah Little, widow of Stephen Gale; whose daughter waa 

Who were the parents of Rebecca Law, b. about 1055, m. 1676 Joseph Jewetl? 

When was Sarah Barefoote, wife of Thomas' Wfggin and sister of Gov, 
Walter Barefoote, bom, where did she die and who we're her parents? 

Whose daughter waa Sarah Piper, m. 1719 Thomas' Wiggin, when was she 
bom and where died? 

Who was Mary , wife of Jonathan* Wiggin? Their daughter Anna* waa 

bom about 1700. 


Notes and Queries, 


Who were the parents of David Simpson and of his wife Mary Wllliamg? they 
were in. 1773 in Greenland, N, H. 

Who were the parents of Robert JudMns, b. 1730, and of hia wife Sarah Gor- 
don, b. 1736? 

Who were the parents of John Ilobbs and his wife Sarah (Colcord)? their 
daughter Mehitahel was b. 1^172. 

Who were the parents of Mary Staniels, wife of Theophllos' Smith, and of 
their son Theophilns's' wife Mary Satchell? 

Who were the parents of AblgaJe Follet of Dover, N. H»t vl 2 Sept., 1697, 
Judge Andrew^ Wiggin of Strathara, N. H.? 

Who were the parents of Samuel Sherburne and his wife Phopbe Larabee of 
Portsmouth Plains, N. H.? Mas. II&urice Ln^DSAY. 

Tenajly, ^V. J. 

CoMMiLXPER Frederick Pearson, late of the United States Navy, commanded 
a steamer which bore the American eusiifu and cooperated with the fleets of 
Great Britain, France, and the Netherlands, in demolishing the Japanese forts 
in September, 1864. For his conduct on that occasion he received the thanks of 
the British Admiral, who, as the senior officer of the Treaty Powers, commanded 
the combined fleets; and was made by Queen Victoria a Companion of the 
Military Division of the Order of the Bath, which bonor Congress, in 1875, 
authorized him to accept* He died suddenly of heart failure in New Yorlc city, 
December 23, 1890. Was any other officer of the United States Navy, or any 
officer of the Unit4Ml States Annyt ever thus honored by any sovereign of Great 
Britain? If so, who? a a 

Lowell t Mast, 

CiTxiTE,— Thomas Chote, great-gmndson of Lionel, the Ipswich school master 
Cante, page 92), was married In 1712 by Dr. Cotton Mather to Mary Curtis of 
Boston. He lived In Boatou and Marblehead some thirty-five yeai-s, as tailor, 
trader, deputy shedfl* for E^sex County, etc. In 17117^ he removed to Windham. 
Maine. Thomas and Mary Chute had four sons and five (laughters* Only one 
son and two daughters grew up and had families. One daughter, Rebecca, mar- 
ried John Bodge, and wits the great-great-grandmother of the Hev. George M. 
Bodge of East Boston, a contributor to the Register, The other daughter, 
Abigail, married Mr. Cobhara. The son, Curtis, married in Windham, Me., in 
1764, Miriam Carr, widow of Josinh Worster of Newbury, Mass. 

Queries. — Will some one furnish the names of the parents of theal>ove named 
Mary Curtis; also the christian name of Mr. Cobliam? What family had he, 
and what became of them? Who were the parents of Miriam Carr? 

John Chute, brother of Tliomas above, went to Nova Scotia in 17*79 from New 
Hampshire. lie bad a brother Samuel, who Is reported to have gone to Lower 
Canada and entereil the British anny- He was probably with Gen. Wolfe at 
Quebec in 1759. Will persons having information of Mm* state what they know 
on the subject? William E. Chutb. 

SimmpaooUj Ma$8. 

AnR*H,%3vr Browne's '' Book of God's Providences to me A. B., of Boston in 
New England," written about 1670, is a MS. for which I have long l>een In 
search. Any information concerning the same will be most thankfully re- 
ceived. Dr. James A. SPAULDtNO. 

627 Congress St., Portland, Maine. 


Saffin Family (ante, p. 42)— The writer of the article in your January 
number has fallen into an error respecting the '*Berccau" of this family. 
Wolvt-reston or Woolston is not Wolverton near Frome ou the eastern boundary 
of Somerset, but Is a hamlet of Bicknoller, a parish situated among the Quan- 
toek Hills, in the north west of the county. 

In Brown's *< Somerset Wills," edited by Dr. Howard, F.S.A., and myself 
(2d series p. 25), will be found two Baffin wills. 


NoU9 and Queriei* 





1. Htiffh SaffyBe of Monksilver, Somerset, proved 27 Jan. 1694-5 by his 
brother WUtiam : he leavoif betjuostii to th« poor of Monksilver and BickooUer. 

2. Edward Saffyn of Stogumber, Somerset, Cfcnt., proved 15 Feb, 1620-1 ; and 
there are other references to the family In the 3d and 4th series of the same 

162vS. Job, Saffln gen, Tvas patron of the Rectory of Lidlard St, Laurence. 

leei- Apr. 2, Hie Saflln A.M., waa instituted to the Vicarage of East Fen- 

1678. Hug. Saflln gen. was co, patron of the Rectory of Enmore. 

See •* Somerset Incumbents," pp. 162, 36C, 395. 

Richard SaMn held the living of East Pennard only for four years and then It 
seems that he moved to Gloucestershire, for we find one of the same name 
Vicar of Berkeley in 1682, in which year his petligree was entered in the Visita- 
tion of Gioacester»htre (sec F*fnwick and Metcalfe's 1682 Visitation of Glonces- 
terohire, p. 151). From this it appea^^i that he wan the sixth son of Williana 
Saflyn of Newton In the parisih of Bicknell [Bicknoller,] Somerset. In the 
ordnance map of the county', Newton Farm is to be found close to the hamlet 
of Woolston, both in the parish of Bicknoller, 

Richard Saffjm died in 1690 aged 53, and there is (or was) a monument to him 
Id Berkeley Church. 

In 1596 John Safllu from Devon, gen. fll., aged 15, matriculated at Exeter 
CoUege» Oxford. See Refriater University Oxoii, Vol. II, Ft. II. 21.'>. 

These valuable regi.sters have at present only been prmted down to 1622, so 
that I am unable to say whether Richard SatUn was also an Oxford man, 

(Rev.) F. W. Weaveb. 

Milton- Clevedon, Evercreeth, Somerset. 

Ik the January Number of the Register, p. 41, I notice Mr. Greenwood's 
notes on the Baffin Family. I send you the references at which he will find 
farther infonnation. In Jewett*a Reliquary. Vol, xlv. 236, are several monu- 
mental inscriptions to the family. In Somersetshire Wills, printed by F. A, 
Crisp, 2d series, 25» will be ftmnd the wills of Hugh and Edward Saffyn, dated 
In 1594 and 1620, and a furtlier note of Hugh in 3d series, 30. A pediifrce of 
the later Safflns, who removed into Gloucewtorslilrc, is entered in tlie Visitation 
of Gloucestershire, edited by Feowick and Metcalfe, p. 151 . It Is as well to note 
that in the first generation of this, the word ** Bicknell" should be ''Bick- 
noller," and that the editors' Ignorance of local place names has led them Into 
stating that *' Wycomb" stands for *' Wythecombe/' whereas it Is only the old 
form of spelling ** Weacombe," a place in the parish of West Quantouhead 
which adjoins Bicknoller. 

Mr. Greenwood states, p. 42, that ♦•Woolverston In com. Som.*Ms " a place 
located on the Frome, just south of Philips Norton.** He has jumped to con- 
clusions after the manner of Messrs. Fenwick and Metcalfe. It really stjinds 
for Wolston, which Is a hamkt In the Parish of Bicknoller. Brampton Half, 
In a subseciuent line, should be Brompton Ralph. 

An examination of the Registers of Bicknoller and Stogumber, and other 
places in the district, and of the wills at Taunton, would probably enable any 
intelligent genealogist to work out a tolerably complete pedigree. 

O. W. M. 

BiBLB Familt Recoiu^s (ont«, vol. 44, p. 401). —I notice a query In the 
October Register with regard to blank leaves in family Bibles for family records. 
I can add my testimony to the fact that such were inserted in the last century. 
I have in my possessio'n a family Bible, printed in Edinburgh, 1722, by James 
Watson, ** Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty" — '' cttmprivileyio** — 
In which two full leaves are left between the Old and New Testaments, filled 
with the records of my father's family (Hon. Wm. J. Bacon), beginning with 
the marriage* '• on the 4th day of November, J771," of his grandfather, the Rev, 
John Bacon, pastor of the Old South Church of Boston, to Elizabeth, danghtcr 
of Ezekiel Goldthwaite, Esq., of Boston. The Bible is about 20x 13 Inches in 
iize, iHiund in brown leather, and though of course dingy with age, is lo per- 
fect condition, *' The Psalms of David, In Metre," are included in it, 

Utica, N. r. (Mrs.) CoamtLu G. CHiTXEJCDrnw. 

TQL. XLT. 16* 

168 ^^^^' Notes and Queries, ^^^T [April, 


[At the sa^gestion of Wdjjam Everett, Lltt.D., of Quincy, Mass., we hAT« 
■dded this new department to oar Notes and Queries. — Editob^] 

AvEBY AND WiGGLESWORTH {Savage, vol. 1, p. 82; toI. 4, p. 542). — In an 
article contributed by me to the Hiitorical Magazine for September, 1S62, vol. 6, 
pages 280-90, I called attention to an error of Mr. Savage In the date of the 
death of Dr. Jonathan Avery of Dedham, which he gives as Sept. 14, 1G94. 
This date b at leaat three years too late. It is true that the Dedham records 
contain the death of a Jonathan Avery on that day, bat, nnless there be an error 
in the year, a different person must be intended. In the Suffolk Probate Registry 
Is found the will of ** Jona. Avery Practitioner in Physic & aged abont thirty- 
five/' dated Feb. IS, 1689, and proved May 27, 1691, showing that he was dead 
at the la.*it date. The will names wife Sybil, daughters Sybil. Margaret and 
Dorothy and brother William Avery. It is probable from the letter of the Kev. 
Michael Wiggleswortb to Mrs. Sybil Avery, Feb, 11, 1690-91 , printed In th© 
Rrgistkr, vol. 17, page 139, that her first husband. Dr. Avery, was dead in 
October, 1690. Mrs. Avery's second husband was the above Rev. Mr. Wiggles- 
worth, but the date of their marriage was not then known. The error of Mr, 
Savage in relation to the death of Dr. Avery led hiio to express a doubt as to 
whether Prof. Edward Wigglesworth, D.D. , born in 1092 or 1693, was not a 
son of Mr. WiggIesworth*s Hecond wife, Martha, instead of being, a.** had been 
stated, the son of his la^t wife Sybil. I called attention to the fact that the 
8«cond wife of Mr. Wigglesworth died Sept. 4, 1690, so that Edward could aot 
have been her son. 

Since my article was printed in the Historkal Magazine I have found the exact 
date of the Rt^v. Mr. Wigglesworth** last marriage, showing clearly that Edward 
was a child of tliis raardage. A manuscript volume of historical and genea- 
logical matter n^atinp to Braintree and Quincy, collected for the New-England 
Historic Genealogicai Society by the late Hon. Jonathan Marsh of Quincy, con- 
tains a record of marriages by the Rev. Moses Fiske of Braintree. On page 234 
win be found this marriage entry: "vMlch&el Wiggleswonh of Maiden and 
Lyditt Avery of Dedham, June 23, 1691." 

Lydia is evidently an error for Sybil. I have not found the precise date of 
their sou Edward's birth. He died January 16, 17G5, in his 7M year, conse- 
quently he was born between Jan. 16, 1691-2, and Jan. 16, 1692-3. Can any one 
furubh the exact date of his birth? Jobjs W. Dean. 

Historical Inteixigenck. 

Founders of Chicago.— A. S. Hubbard of San Francisco, Cal., secretary of 
the California Historical Society, compiled in 1879 a list of the early settlers of 
Cfdcago. Having met and known personally a large number of the founders of 
that city he purposes to recompile for the information of the visitors to the 
World's Coiumblan Exposition of 1892-3, this list of those who made their 
homes in that city previous to 1840. Mr. Hubbard desires additions to his list, 
and corrections of errors. 

Gknkalogos in Preparation: 

Johngon. — Hev. William W. Johnson of North Greenfield, Wis,, Is preparing 
for the press a book entitled Records of the Detjcentlanti* of John Johnson of 
Ipswich and Andover, Mass., and would be glad to receive communications 
from any persons by the name of Johnson whose ancentors settled in Essex 
County, Mass. ; also from descendants of Isaac and Joslah Johnson, who were 
li\ing in Leominster, Mass., in 1750. 

iSlrotrbridge, S'trawbridge and Morrison, — Mrs. Mary 8. F. Guild, 120 Johnson 
Street, Lynu, Mass., is preparing a book on these families. The Strowbrldgea 
are desct^ntled from William and Margaret (Henry) Strowbridge. Scotch-Irish 
emigrants from the north of Irelnncl, who settled in Middleboro', Mass., pre- 
vious to 1722. Among their descendantH are families by the najues of Mont- 
gomery, Alfoni. Pickens, Thompson, Ritchie, Dean, Crane, Fox and Pnul. The 
Mnriisons are descended from William and Sarah (Montgomery) Morrison, a 
branch of the family never before traced. Price ^3, Orders may be sent at 
once to Mrs. Guild. 


Saeiettes and their Proceedings* 




Towle. — Mrs, MAQiice Lindsay of Tenafly, N. J., the aathor of the article on 
the Towle family iu the Recii^tkr for October, 1889, has In preparation a full 
genealogy of this family and solicjts commuoicatloos from those interested. 

Treat.— The Salem Preas Pwbliahing and Printing Company, No. 200 Derby 
Street, Salem» Mass., are about to publish a History of the*Treat Family In 
America, by John Harvey Treat, with the Enj»llsh ancestry as far as known, 
covering the history of that family for three hiiudred years. It will be sold to 
subscribers only. Members of the family can procure copies la cloth by sub- 
Bcription at 8*5 a copy, payable on receipt of the book. To other subscribem 
the price will be $7. Upon the appearance of the bo4jk the price will be raised 
to $7.60 to all. The edition will be limited to COO copies, and unless 40O sub- 
scribers are obtained the work will not be published. 

The Whitney Famiijf of Magaackusetts.— Col. Fred C. Pierce of Chlcaj^o, lately 
of Rockforfl, 111., has undertaken the task of compiling the above genealogical 
work, to Include the descendants of John Whitney of Watertown, 1635. Col 
Pierce is the nutbor of the histories of Grafton and Barre. Mass., also the 
genealogies of four branches of the Pierce, Peirce and Pearce family, and the 
Forbea-Forbnsh genealogy. Will all persons by the name of Whitney corre- 
spond with Col. Pierce? Direct communications to 3246 Prairie Ave., Chicago. 





New-Enolahd Historic Genealogical Society. 

Saaton, MoMmchmetU, Wednmda^, Dec. 5, 1890,— A Stated Meeting was held 
this afternoon, the President, Abner C. Goodell, Jr., A.M., in the chair. 

Gen. Hazard Stevens read a paper entitled "*An Interesting Diary of the 
Revolution." The diary, which was that of James Stevens, a soldier of the 
Revolution, began April 19, 1775, and was kept for about a year. 

A nominating committee was chosen bv ballot, consUting of Nathaniel F. 
SalTord, A.M., Albert H. Hovt, A.M., Albert A. Folsom, Myles Standlah, M.D.. 
tod Charles S. Ensign, LL.B. 

Old Colony Historical Society. 

Taunton, Mqm., Jannaiy J5, JSQJ.—The annual meeting was held this day, 
the president. Kev. 8. Hopkins Emery, in the chair. 

President Emery delivered his annual address. He referred to the condition 
and wants of the Society, and sketched the lives of seven deceased members, 
namely, Mrs. Sarah (Stone) Jones, Rev. Wlliiara Hall, Joseph R. ColleU, Rev. 
Dr. Henry M. Dexter, Rev. Dr. Enoch Sanford, Albert H. Hathaway and James 
11. 8proat. 

The annual election then took place, and the following officers were electetl : 

JWttidfint, — Rev. S. Hopkins Eraeiy of Taunton. 

Vice Pr^'aidcnU.— Hon. Edmund H. Bennett of Taunton and Rev. WllUam L, 
GhaAn of North Easton. 

B«cord(ng Secretary and Librarian.— Ctipt. John W. D. Hall of Taunton. 

Corresponding Secretary. — Hon. Charles A. Reed of Taunton. 

Treasurer. — Dr. Elijah U. Jones of Taunton. 

Mttoriofirapher.—Edfrar h. Reed, Esq., of Taunton. 

Direciora,— Hon, William E. Fuller of Taunton, General E. W. Peirce of 
Freetown, James H. Dean, Esq., of Taunton, Hon. John S. Brayton of Fall 
River, Elisha C. Leonard, Esq., of New Bedford, John F- Montgomery, Esq., 
of Taunton. 

Dr. Jones, the treiuiurer, made his report, showing a balance of $518 in the 

The president. Rev. Samuel Hopkins Emery, then read a paper on his name- 
sake. Rev. Dr. Samuel Hopkins of Newport, R. I., at the close of which he 
presented to the Society a souvenir of Dr. Hupkliis. being an antique secretary 
used by that divine during his long ministry. This U to be a reeeptaclo for 
autographs and historical documents from the collections of the donor. Over 
sixty of them were presented at this time, among them autograph letters of 
Governors William Bradford and Thomas Prence of the Old Colony. 

Capt. HaU, the librarian, reported many and valuable donations. 


Book Noiicea 

Rhode Island Historical Society. 

Providenct^ Tuesday, Xovember IS, 1890.— H fortnightly meeting w*s held 
this evening at the Society's cabinet In Waterman Street, the Hon. George M. 
Carpenter, flrst rice president, in the chair. 

Miss Esther Bernon Carpenter r«»d a paper entitled ** John Safftn, Hi* BooIl." 
It was based on a note-book written by Saffln at Bristol, R. 1. He was the 
father of Thomas Saffln. of whom an account is printed in the laat Registxs 
(pp. 41-3). An abstract of the paper is printed In the Providence Journal, 
November 29. 

Jheember 2, — A stated meeting wajj held this evening. 

Edwin D. Mead, Esq., of Boston, read a paper entltl^, "The Work of George 
Washington in openinj? up the Great West." A brief abstract is printed la tho 
Prcfvidence Journal, December 3. 

Mains Historical Socibty. 

Portland, Thur$day, February 26, 1891.— A stated meeting was held thU 
afternoon, the president, James Phinney Baiter> A-M., In the chair. 

Mr. Hubbard W. Bryant, the Librarian, reported the donations since the last 

A paper on '* The Conduct of Paul Revere in the Penobscot Expedition," by 
the Hon. Joseph Williamson, was r«ad In his absence by Mr. Wm. M. Sargent. 

Rev. Henry S. Bmrrage, D.D., read a paper on "The newly discovered 8a- 
mancad Map and Its bearLng on Weymouth's Voyage to the Coast of Biaine in 

Rev. Charles R, Allen. D.D., read a biographical slcotch of WlRlam Allen, a 
member of the first legislature of Maine which met at Portland. 

A recess was taken till 7,30, 

At the evening session Gen. John Marshall Brown made remarks on the im- 
portant part taken by the French in their elforts to colonize the coast of Maine. 
The reniarlcs were prefatory to a translation by Prof. Warren of letters of 
Father Pierre Biard. 

Mr. James P. Baxter, the president of the Society, read a paper on ** Capt. 
Christopher Levett," the English pioneer who made the lirat elTorts to colonlxe 
on Casco Bay. 


[Tbb Editor reqnest* persona sending hooka for notlee to aUte, for the Infonnatlon of 
readcri, the price of eacn book, with the amouni lo be added for postaga wben aent by 

The Genesis of the United States. A Narrative of the Movements in EnifliStnd which 
resulted in the Plantation of North America b]f Englishmen, etc. etc A eerie* of 
Historical Manuscripts now first printed, together with a re-issue of rare Con' 
temporaneovs Tracts, accitmpanied by Bioffraphicat Memoranda^ Notes and Bri^ 
Bioffraphies. Collected, Arranged and Edited by Alxzakder Brown. With 
one hundred portraits, maps and plans, in two vols. Boston and IJew York: 
Houghton, Mifflin & Company. The Riverside Press. Cambridge. 1890. 
Svo. pp. XXX viii+ 1157 In the two volumes. Price ^16 for the set. 

For two years and more, historical students have been looking with eager 
expectation for the appearance of the Genesis of the United States, by Alejcan- 
der Brown of the Virjyrinia Historical Society, a work, which it was understood 
would contain rare manuscripts discovered in the Archives of Simancas, relating 
to the early history of the Eogliah occupation of North AraericA. 

This work has at last apptiared, and justifies the expectations of those who 
are Interested in this fascinating subject, upon which so much U^ht has recently 
been thrown by the publication of oiiglnal documents by painstaking hlstorlana. 
Before the advent of Bancroft, how little we bad of a deflmtie nature relating to 


Booh ^Totices, 




the beglnniBgs of American History I The great historian set an example to 
the historians of his day, by collecting from every accessible source original 
documents as the foundation upon which to rear his w^orlc. a ad now students 
demand the poi)Ucatlon, verbaiim et literatim, of the documents themselves, that 
they may fonn tlieir own conclusions and not take them at second hand. 

The (locum eats which Mr. Brown presents \\b \n his Genesis of the United 
^totes, comprise letters from the representatiTcs of the Spanish govt?rnment at 
Ihb Court of Jatne.s the First, with replies to them, and documents snrreptl- 
^onaly obtained by these representatives in London, the want of which haa left 
a serious gap in the British Archives. The study of these documents reveals a 
curious condition of atl^irs at tlie English Court. Spain, Jealous of the attempts 
of her English rivals to found colonies iu the New World, xvat* watehhig every 
movement with eager attention. Her wily agenta in London were gathering 
every scrap of news from returning mariners and a<] venturers, and such infor- 
mation as they coukl, r*flative to culonial undertakiugs, from the King aud Court, 
and poHting them to Madrid without delay. If a map or document of any kind 
could be purclmsed or secured by the wily SpaoianL it was fonvardt^d with 
comments upon it to the Spaniiih King, who was urged to take measures to 
thwart the efforts of England to found colonleft, by attackhig and destroying the 
colonists, whom Spanish writers aasmred Philip, the English King declared he 
woold uut protect. 

Besides the interesting documents from Spanish Archives in these two elegant 
volumes. Mr. Brown has given us extracts from, and an account of, rare con- 
temporaneous publicaMous of the period of which he treats, and a mass of 
biographical matter of great value relating to the men who took part in the 
momentous drama then beirig enacted. Doubtlei?iH the author's view of Captain 
John Smith wVA not be readily adopted by those who have been wont to regard 
him as a hero; but while we are iu duty bonnd to award him all the praise that 
belongs to a daring adventurer, we should always reTuember tliat the marvellous 
achievements of which he is the hero, rest almost wholly upon his own evidence, 
and that a great deal of the history of American colonization iu Smith's time 
has hitherto been inaccessible. Smith was unmistalcably a boaster, aud has had 
a too prominent place in our history. Some Virginian writers have extolled 
htm beyond reason, and it Is well that a Vlrgiuian has taken the lead in placing 
him in a truer light. 

Mr. Brown is perhaps too tender in his treatment of James Stuart, a man of 
mean nature; cunning, secretive, penurions, and. If we may believe abundant 
evidence, an arraut coward- His treatment of Raleigh should forever condemn 
him In our estimation, certainly uotk'ss In the estimation of Virginians, and the 
documents In the Genesis are not calculated to increase our atlmi ration of him ; 
however^ perhaps we should contrast him with some of his brother Kings, 
before and since his day, among whom he does not appear to disadvantage. 
Certainly we must admit that colonization prospered during Ms reign, though 
we may be iDcllned to add, in spite of him. 

To New Euglaud readers, the discovery of the plan of the Popham Fort and 
the map of the coast at that early |daie, is an event of no little Interest, and 
these two plans alone are worth to them tlie price of the work. It is uoneces- 
awry to apeak of the mechanical excellence of these two sumptuous volumes, as 
the name of the publi^iliers is KiiOlelent guarantee of this i but we may express 
our admiration of the beautiful hcliotjT)es, over one hundred in number, which 
adorn them. They are certainly the dnest whicli have thus far been Issued. 
Without doubt every book collector and student of history will not fall to 
obtain this work to add to his collection, which would be seriously incomplete 
without it. 

Bf James P. Baxttr, A,M, , of Portland^ Me, 

Th4 Gwtdwins of Hartford, Connecticut. Descendants of IVUliam and Ozittt 
Gpodwin. Compiled for Ja>iks Junius GriouwiN. Hartford, Conn. : Brown 
AQd Gross. 1891. 8vo. pp. 796. Price ^6. 

This elegant volume Is the result of a vast amount of patient and exhaustive 
Ztsearcb. The main work has been done by three careful and experienced 
genealogists. The English researches have been conducted by the Rev, Augus- 
tus Jessopp, D.D., rector of Seaming in Norfolk, England, who has long held 
a high place as an antiquary, and Henry F. Waters, A.M,, whose genealogical 


gonitis and imporUnt dis^^overles are so well known to onr pe«den. The 
American portiont by far the larper part of the ToIume» has been compiled by 
Mr. Frank FajuswoVth Starr, of Middletown, Ct, whose prertoiis labors In 
■ImUar work well qnallfled him for the undertaking. 

Mr. Goodwin In a brief preface j^ves an account of the origin of the work 
and the assistance rendered by dlfforenl persons in working ont the problenw. 

We hare flret an article by the Rev. Dr. Jeasopp on •' The Goodwins of £a«l 
Anglia.»" to which portion of England the brothers William and Oziast Goodwill 
have been traced. The surname has been and is very widely distributed not 
only of er England but over most of the northern countries of Europe, and Is to 
be met with in very early times. The Rev. Dr. Jessopp's article is exhanstire 
of the subject. He finds Groodwlns in East Anglla as early as the fourteenth 
century, and he traces, with precision and folness, the history of the famiUea 
and prominent tndiridnals which he finds there. He brings his reconi down to 
the seventeenth century, when the brothers WiUiam and Oilas left their native 

Bfr. Waters's *• Report of English Investigations" Is the next article In the 
book. His first discovery which located In England the family he was In search 
of was in the will of Robert Woodward of Braintrec in Essex, dated May 2T, 
1640, in which the testator mentions his daughter Mary, wife of Ozias Good- 
win, "now in New-Enghind.** This will he discovered in November. ISSS. 
In June, IS87, his contract with the New-England Historic Genealogical Society 
having expired, Mr. Goodwin engaged him to make searches for him. '^ It was 
agreed upon between us,** says Mr Waters, '' that I was to perform my part of 
the quest In the way I had been accustomed to work for years ; i. c. I was to 
pursue a mousing method, hunting among wills of others besides Goodwlna, 
in the hope to discover the objects of our search by side lights." The field In 
Which this work was to be done was indicated by the above discovery. It wa< 
while pursuing this general search for Mr. Goodwin that Mr. Waters made his 
recent discoveries reUtlve to the parentage and kindred of Roger Williams 
and the ancestry of Washington ; and he detllcates his pamphlet on the latter 
discovery to Mr, Goodwin, '■ in grateful recognition of his friendship and Ms 
Uberallty In supporting these researches." The investigations in East AngUa 
famish many reasons for thinking that relatives of the brothers have been 
found ther<^ The wtU of Moses Wall of Bralntree, Sept. 1«. 1628, has the 
signature of a William Goodwin as a witness. The signature bears a strong re- 
aemblaiice to that of Elder William Goodwin, written in New England. It has 
certain pccallarities which are found in signatures of EWer Goodwin, and other- 
wise bears so stronju a resemblance to them that we cannot resist the belief that 
they were ail written by one hand. Fac-sirailes of the autoirrflph attached to 
Moses Wall's will and of two known autographs of Elder WlUlara Goodwin are 
given by Mr. Water*i, so that the reader can form his own opinion on this ques- 
5on. Mr. Waters in his report to Mr. Goodwin says : '* I have preserved more 
than twi^ hundred abstracts of wills bearing on your name, found in the Prero- 
gative Court of Canterbtinr'. nearly one hundred and Hfty collectt^d hi the Probate 
Registry at IpsT\ich, County of Suffolk, nearly fifty found at Norwich, and 
thirty or forty gathered from various smaller courts. Besides these 1 have 
examined and rejected many others which did not seem to me at the lime worth 
the labor retpjired to make notes from them- I have also made a partial exami- 
nation of iHquisftioms post mortem. Feet of Fines, Claus Rolls, Subsidy Lists, 
Parish Registers and the genealogical manuscripts in the British Museum." A 
selection from the material gathered by him Is printed in this volume. The 
research is to be continued this year, on Mr. Waters's return to England, and we 
hope that his persevering investigation of this subject will be rewarded with 
equally satisfactory results as his quests for Williams and Washington. 

A Biograpliical Sketch of William Goodwin by Rev. George Leon Walker. 
D.D,, of Hartford, follows. Elder Goodwin was *'one of the strong and In- 
teresting tlgur<»s discovered through the mists and half lighta of our early New- 
England history. . . , The sometimes picturesque and the generally dignified and 
important character of the matter he was concerned with, awakens curiosity to 
know more of him and something of wonder that not more is known." Rev. 
Dr. Walker furnishes an Interesting account of the life of this Connecticut 
pioneer. It ia followed with a careful sketch of the other brother, Ozlas Good- 
wiot by Charles J. Uoadlj, LL.D., editor of the Colonial Records of Conaectioiit. 




We have next Mr. Starr's full g:eiiealogical record of the descendants of William 
and OKlaa Goodwin, with some account of other families of Goodwin before the 
BeTolution. It Ulls more than six hundred pages of the book. The com- 
piler has spared no labor to make this genealogy thorough and complete, and 
has been remarkably successful in his efforts. Ue gives full details of the 
bioj^rapbj as well as the genealo^ of the scattered members of this familj. 
Few, If any, books devoted to the record of a family with such numerons and 
widely dispersed branches are ao complete as this. The arranj^ement of the 
TCGorda deserves praise. It is simple and easily understood, and by it the 
and ancestors of an tndJYklual are easily traced. Mr. Starr fur- 
three excellent iudexest fllllng over fifty pages, the tlrst giving the 
dtftotSaa naiaea of Goodwins with dates of births, the second the intermar- 
rltgM, and the third other surnames. Ue gives us ten tabular pedigrees which 
are of great service in showing the relationship of certain iudividuals. 

The volume is handsomely printed by the University Press of Cambridge, 
and Is embellished by twelve portraits of prominent Goodwins. 

The Union State, A Letter to our Slates-Mights Friend. By John C. HtJRD^ 

LL.D. New York : D. Van Nostrand Co* l«m 8vo. pp. 135. Price 76c. 

In this letter, or rather series of letters, Dr. Hurd presents with ability the 

theories antagonistic to state sovereignty. He has studied the subject with 

great thoroughneHS, and bases bis arguments upon historic grounds, iiud upon 

ipeneral constitutional law. While we are Inclined to traverse some of his 

•tatemeDts, and to qnestion his conclusions, we appreciate his candid and 

acbolarly treatment of the great problems involved iu the controversy- The 

anthor Is familiar with the constitutions of foreign lands, and seeks to strengthen 

his position by reasoning that similar principles and interpretatit)ns apply to 

the United States. Wc think that while he sees clearly and presents ably the 

objections to state sovereignty, he loses sight of the greater and at the preaeut 

more threatening dangers of centralization. 

Bif €horge Kuhn Clarke, LL.B., Needham, Mast, 



Hbtrt ATxnrsox Grebk, Eaq^ died at 
hii residence in Newbury Street^ Bos> 
ton, on Jan. 8, 1891. Ue was a son of 
Dr. Joshua and EUza (Lawrence) Green, 
and bom at Grotott, on April 29, 1828. 
He was educated at the academy in his 
native town, and in 1 846 came to Boston 
to live. At the time of Ha death, and 
for many years previously* he waa a 
member of the firm of Mackintosh, 
Green 8c Co. His wife, Mri. Emily 
(Wagner) Greeiu died on Jan. I, 1886. 
Mr. Green left tM'o married children : 
Mn. Caroline Snrgent Green, wife of 
William Amory Meredith, of London, 
Sagland ; and William Lawrence Green, 
of Albany, X. Y. The intannent took 
place at Qrotou. 

Mrs. Ma^t Akk Stebsini, widow of Dr. 
John B. StebbinH. died quite suddenly at 
hex home, 465 W. Broadway, S. Boston^ 
Tuesday morning, Jan. 6, 1S9L, shortly 
after 7 o'clock. She was the youngest 
aluld of the Hon. Benjamin Whitman, 
first Ch. Justice of the Munlcipiil Couf t 

of Boston, when that town waa mads a 
city in 1822. She wax born at Boston, 
Feb. 23, 181 1, and lived to the advanced 
aze of 79 years, 10 months and 14 days. 
She leaves two children, Oliver B. 
Stebbins, a valued contributor to ths 
Reqigtsk and a us^efiil member of the 
New-England Historic Genealogical 
Society, and Mrs. Mary Anna B. Gray, 
wife of ex- Alderman IMlia 11. Gray 
of Maiden, three ^anddauathtera, to 
whom she was devotedly attached, and 
one great* granddaughter. " Mrs. Steb- 
bins," says the Souih BoMion InquirtTf 
"was a woman of extremely generont 
disposition, fond of society and public 
entertain men tfl of all kinds, and of a 
sensitive, ardent temperament. She had 
been looking forward to, and had com- 
menced making preparations for, ihecel- 
ebrotioa of her 80th birthday on the 23d 
of the neit month, a celebration which 
never la to come. Her health had bssn 
gradually failing for the last two years, 
though she wna able to be present at 
the Chriitmos festivities at the house 



of her diughter, Mrs. Gray, and wa» in 
pood iipiriu on that occasion. Tb« 
immediate cause of her death was bron- 
chial tJTouhle combined vriib a heart* 
6ilure, &om which at her great age she 
was unable to roUj." 

Mrs. Sarah Diodati GAUDnrBa Taostp- 
HM died March B, 1891, at her late rest- 
dence, 26 La Fayette Place, city of New 
York. She was tJbe widow of David 
Thompson of Ne«r York, and daugh- 
ter of the late John l^yon Gardiner 
of Gardiner^s Island. She was bom 
Nov. 1, 1807; married May 10, 1827, 
at the Manor House, Qardiner'a Island. 
Mrs. Thompson was a lady of great 
refinement aud culture, and through 
her long life, extending over 83 years, 
the held a high place in the esteem of 
a large circle of New York's most in- 
flacutial people. Her husband Darid 
Thompson, who iras bom May 3, 1798, 
died February 22, 1871. He occupied 
many importsmt financial positions with 
grent credit and honor, and at the time 
©f hia deftth was preaident of the New 
York Life Insurance & Trust Company 
and vice prcHident of the Bank of 
America. Mrs, Thompson was a de- 
acendaut in the 8th generation from 
Lion Gurdincr, whose settlement of 
Gardiner's Island in 1639 waa the first 
English settlement in New York. 

Mrs. Eliza G. Watbub, widow of the 
late Hon. Joseph G. Waters, died at 
her home, tiO Washington Square, 
Salem, Mass^ Tuesday evening, Nov. 
IS, 1890, at t)ie advanced age of 92 
years 9 mouths. She waa the mother 
of Henry F. Waters, A.M.^ whose Eng- 
lish Genealogical Gleanings and other 
contributions to the IIeqistkk are well 

The Saltm QatetU of November 21flt 
■ays of her : She was '* the inHfe of an 
honored citixen, the devoted mother of 
quite a large family, the mistress of a 
home that waa noted for its wide and 
cordial hospitality. She wa^ a woman 
of such geuitil spirit that she drew a 
large circle of friends ahout her, and to 
the lost kept up her interest in them. 
Long after people of her age have re- 
tired from active social duties, Mrs. 
Waters was not only able, but desirecl 
to visit among her friends, to attend to 
the affairs of her household, and dis« 
pense genial hospitality. She was 
young in spirit, though the weight of 
years rested upon her. No one can 
help recalling with pleasure her cheer- 
ful greeting, her genuine affection, which 
flowed out so naturally, and made hw 

« eentre of attraction for to many years. 
She was a home-maker, and no mor« 
beftutiful sight have we known than to 
see her living under the shelter of her 
roof- tree, far beyond fourscore years, 
the object of the devoted love of her 
sons, the admiration of her neighbors 
and friends \ with ability to think and 
plan, and execute almost as wdl as in 
the days of her youth. What a witnesa 
is such a life to God's unfailing good- 
ness and love. We may rejoice that 
she has lived so long, and now 

*Llfu^H blotPlttga all ei^oyed, life's labors 

8<*rciift^ to bor flnal n»i has passed 

7' '■ 

■iv t 
Whilu the «oft tnt^inory of hex Ttrtucc ret 
LlDgtira, like twlUght ha&t when ttio Drtghl 
fUQ ia «et.' " 

Miss CAKoLtNB QuorCT Wexpell died at 
her residence, No, 38 Pleasant Street, 
Portsmouth, N. H., on Saturday, De- 
cember 2G, 1890. She vraa the second 
daughter of the late Jacob* Wendell 
and Mehetabel Riudge Rogers of that 
place, and was the last representativ* 
of her family resident there. At ths 
time of her death she was within a few 
days of her seventieth year, having been 
bom upoQ December 24, 1820, at the 
old homestead, in the very room where 
she passed away. Upon the death 
of her father, which occurred August 
27, 1865, she inherited the homestead, 
and continued to reside there unin- 
terruptedly until her death. In her, 
the sentiment of family loyalty was 
strongly illustrated. She inherited the 
historiciaJ aud antiquarian tastes of her 
father, and it was her special care that 
the old home t^hould retain unimpaired 
the familiar atmosphere of the past, in 
the old-fofihioned furnishings of the 
last century. 

Mijis Wendell was a descendant in 
the seventh generation fsee R^oistKlt, 
July, 1882), from Evort JanBen* Wen- 
del, the first American ancestor of the 
name, w*ho emigrated from Em b den, in 
East Friesland, to the Dutch Province 
of New Netherland (the present New 
York) in 1642. She obtained her middle 
name of Quincy from her great- grand- 
mother on her father's aide, Elizabeth, 
the second daughter of Judge Edmund 
and Dorothy (Flynt) Quincy of Urain- 
tree, Muss,, who married John* Wen- 
dell of Boston, Nov. 10, 1721. On the 
maternal side «he came of stanch 
Puritan Lineage, being the great- great- 
granddaughter of the Rev. Natnanid 
Rogers, minister of the First (North 
Congregational) Church of Portamouth, 
from 1699 until 1723. 





^^ MI 

JULY, 1891 



HENRY AUSTIN WHITNEY, the only ean of Joseph and 
Elknljeth (Pratt) AVhitnej, was bom in the house then numbered 
26 Purchase Street, in Bueton, Oct. 6, 1826. On his father's 
side he was descended from John Whitney of Isle worth, Coiioty 
of Middlesex, England » the progenitor of the Whitney family of 
northern New England, who iu 1635 left his native country with his 
wife Elinor and five sons and made Watertown in Massactmaetts his 
home. He lived and prospered there till his death in 1673, was a 
landholder and farmer, selectman from 1638 for a period of seven- 
teen years, constable in 1641, and town clerk in 1655. Thomas 
in the second generation, who came from England with his father as a 
child, continued to live in Watertown and to hold lands there. Ilia 
eon Thomas successively held lands and lived in Watertown, Stow, 
and that part of Lancaster that afterwards became Bollon. His son 
Benjamin, born 1687, held lands in Marlborough, He was an 
energetic and enterprising man, and was active during the Indian 
disturbances that bore so hard on the scattered frontier settlements 
of New England in the early part of the eighteenth century. He 
died in 1737, at a time when he was making arrangements to estab- 
lish himself in business, in Boston. His widow Abigail (Bridge) 
Whitney took up the work where he had left it, however, carried out 
the plans that he had formed and engaged successfully in mercantile 
affairs in Boston. Their son Samuel, born at Marlborough in 1734^ 
followed his mother's example, and from 1755 was in business in 
Boston with a branch in Salem. When in the year 1767 the depres- 
sion that preceded the revolution was felt, he moved to Concord, 
bought a farm, and established a store. He took an active part in 
the events that led to final separation from the mother country, was a 
member of the town Committee of Correspondence and of several 
other important Committees, served as a Muster Master when the 
VOL* XLV. 17 

176 Henry Austin Whitney. [July, 

town raised minute men, represented Concord in the first provindal 
Congress, so called, of 1774-5, and was engaged in the Concord 
fight; When Boston was evacuated by the British he sold his fiurm, 
returned to town, resumed business again till 1793, and then re- 
moved to the part of Massachusetts that is now Oostine, Maine. 
His commercial ventures there proved successful, and he died there 
in 1808. His son Joseph was bom at Concord 1771. When his 
parents moved to Castine he went to Newburjport, where his uncles 
Cutler were merchants, and found employment there. The same 
year he married Sally, daughter of Elijah and Susanna Collins of 
that town. In 1796 his only child Joseph was bom, and in 1799 
his wife died. He then moved to Boston, where he soon established 
a business that though profitable while he lived to manage it, was so 
injured by the embargo acts, that when he died in 1812, at the age 
of forty-one, his estate when settled showed nothing over outstanding 
obligations, and his son Joseph, Henry Austin Whitney's father, 
was left an orphan when sixteen years old — ^^ without a friend in the 
world to whom he had a right to look for assistance and nothing to 
depend upon for a maintenance but his own exertions," as he 
expressed himself in a letter written at the time. His inheritance, 
however, was a keen sense of honor, a sound judgment, and an 
energetic temperament. Before he reached his majority he had 
been admitted as a partner to a business that was sufficiently lucra- 
tive to enable him each year to lay aside something for the future. 
By his careful management and the most strict integrity he gradually 
developed a business of large proportions. His sagacity enabled his 
firm to pass through the financial crises of 1837 and 1857, without 
their credit being questioned. Those were periods when many com- 
mercial houses that had been considered among the strongest were 
obliged to suspend payment. He was a thoughtful man, of cultivated 
tastes, a constant and careful reader, and was anxious that his chil- 
dren, of whom he had but two who lived beyond infancy, should have 
every educational advantage. In 1822 he married Elizabeth, the 
second daughter of John and Mary (Tewksbury) Pratt. Slie was of 
a happy, vivacious temperament, was a model house-keeper of the old 
school, and was proud and fond of her husband, as he in turn was 
of her. He died at Boston, Sept. 11, 1869. 

Henry Whitney's* boyhood was passed in Boston and its neighbor- 
hood, and his early education was received at private schools in 
Boston in winter, and in country ministers' families and boarding 
schools in summer. His parents moved from Purchase Street to 59 
High Street in 1831, and in 1838 from there to the house now 
numbered 146 Tremont Street. His sister Caroline (now Mrs. 
Hezron Ay res Johnson of New York) was three years older than 
he, and consequently not so much of a companion as his boy cousins, 

♦ He was christened Henry Augustus Whitney, but his name was changed to Henrj 
Austin Whitoey by decree of Probate Court, February, 1867. 





George Langdon Pratt and Sidney Bartlett, who were near his nge 
and were his constant f»lay-fellows« In 1840» with hia cousine and 
other Boston buys uf ins own age, he was at Asa Wing*8 well known 
boarding ecliool of that duy» at Snndwich. Hie echuol life tfiere as 
elsewhere passed happily, and in the autumn of that year he began 
to fit for Harvanl Colle»je at Chsiuney-IIall School under Messrs, 
Thayer and Gushing, He gave this glimpse of his school life there 
when writing in his c1uH8-bnnk at the lime of leaving college : — "1 
began to fit for college, joining the class of Cunningham, Ellis, Law- 
rence and Stearns of 'our^* [college class J, and to begin fitting was 
about all that I think any of us ever did. Lawrence's besetting sin 
was his bad habit of looking at noted during recitations; Cunning- 
ham was frequently taken to task for warbling Ethiopian melodies ; 
Stearns having luin'X the teachers in effisxv from the ceilin;^ hv means 
of spit-balls, was threatened with expukion ; and we all, as I 
remember, had a propensity for attending auctions during school 
hours. With the exception of a few exciting inciilents of this nature 
all went smoothly until the time of our entering the Univcr/ity in 
1842, which good fortune, rather than proper attainments, enabled 
us to do." 

In college he was a general favorite with his classmates, as his 
temperament and characteri.-stics were such as to win for Intn not 
only the good will of all with whom he came in contact, but more 
than this, the esteem and friendi^hip of many. In »ifter life he 
nnmbcretl his college friends among his closest friends. He was 
Krokodeilos of the Hrtsty Pudding Chib, a member of the Porcellian 
Club, and of the Phi Beta Kappa, President of the Pierian Sodality, 
and Chief Marshid of his class on Commencement Day. He was also 
one of several who in 1844 formed the first college boat club, and 
one of those who toi>k part in the last annual parade of tlic Navy 
Club, He was at one time suspended for holding office in a society, 
6ome members of which created a disturbance in which he did not 
participate ; and, while he had his ^hare in many college pranks, they 
were in the main harmless fun and the result of exul>eraiU spirits 
and a quick wit. One that he always laughed over nnd that iw in- 
dicative of others, was when a classmate was suspended, as his friends 
thought unjustly. At the time appointed for the unfortunate to 
leave Cambridge, a barouclie drawn by four horses and accompanied 
by f«r>ur outriders in tall bats and white trousers drove into the Col- 
lege yard. The hero of the day was presented with a pair of white 
kid gloves, which he accepted with great dignity and then seated 
himself in the barouche. The scene was most ludici^ous, and of 
course the parti<'ipants missed no opportunity to make it more so. 
Finally, cheered by the students and jeered by the townspeople, 
the barouche and its escort dashed oflf for Boston. Owing to the 
inporiance of the occasiion they neglected to pay toll at the bridge, 
and finally brought up at the Trcmont House. Henry Whitney 


178 Henry Au$iin Whitney. [July, 

was one of the outriders on this occasion, and wlule he probablj 
was not the sole originator of this prank, doubtless like ^neaa : — 
** quofum pears magna Juit/* 

A memorandum made by his fiither in his sophomore year shows 
what impressed an older person as important features in his career at 
the time : — ^ During the winter vacation Henry has been required to 
study Latin and recite twice a week to Mr. Gushing to make up 
deficiencies. By his own request he has been excused from the study 
of mathematics. His great fault is wasting his time attending to 
too many things, the want of a fixed purpose, of fixed attention, of 
some regular system. Last vacation he took lessons on the flute 
and is doing so again this vacation ." 

In his summer vacation in 1844 his ideas were broadened by Ms first 
extended journey. This was made in company with his classmate 
T. Bigelow Lawrence and an older gentleman who acted as mentor* 
They visited the principal Western Cities where they had letters to 
and met many people. They also visited the Mammoth Gave, G^. 
Jackson at the Hermitage, the Mormon Temple at Nauvoo, the 
Falls of St. Anthony, and returned home by way of the great lakes 
and Niagara. 

He graduated from Harvard Gollege in the famous class of 1846, 
that has on its rolls the names of many distioguished men, and while 
his college course was not productive of high rank in scholarship, it 
was doubtless the chief influence that acted to call into existence a 
strong literary taste. Throughout life, literature was to him all that 
Cicero claimed for it when he said, ^Hcec atudia adolescentiam alunt, 
senectutem ohlectant^ secundas res omanty adversis solatium ac 
perfugium prcebent, delectant domi, non imped iunt forts y pernoc- 
tant nohiscumy peregrinantur, rusticantur : " — For, trained to be- 
come familiar with books in his youth, they were a source of pleasure 
to him as the years rolled by. His familiarity with authors added 
much to his personal attractions in prosperity, and when dark days 
came to his home gave a refuge and solace that otherwise he would 
not have had. At home literature was a pleasure to him, while in 
business transactions it in no wise hampered him. Many a night he 
passed reading and writing, and when travelling he often turned 
aside from the beaten track to visit some literary man, or some spot 
that was usually unfrequented by travellers, but was connected in 
his mind with some noteworthy incident familiar to him from his 
reading. In the country, too, as elsewhere, his books were never 
far from him. 

On leaving college, influenced perhaps by hereditary tendency, 
doubtless by his father's success, he chose a mercantile career rather 
than a professional one. He got his first insight of a mercantile life 
as clerk in a dry goods house, where he was for two years after leaving 
college. He next became a clerk with his father's firm, the house of 
Joseph Whitney & Co., which manufactured men's boots and brogans 



1891.] Henri/ Austin Whitney. 179 

in several New Encrland towns, and Boltl them in the south and south- 
west* lu 1849 he waa admitted a partner in tlie firm. AfttT his 
father retired frum business, at the close of the year l^GG, he con- 
tinued with the remainin*^ partners under the firm name of James L. 
Gorham tO; Co. till 1872, when the firm was dissolved. Up to the 
time of the rebellion the bueiness was very guccessful, but that 
Cftuscd them to make heavy losses. They lost not only through the 
total repudiation of dt?hta by almost all of their uustomers in the 
slave statee, who in common witli the opinion generally prevalent in 
the south, looked upon secession as eomethini^f that justified the 
repudiation of all northern debts ; but they also lost by the market 
being taken from them whvre most of their sales had previously been 
made*. From this blow they soon recovered, however; they found 
new markets, and were agniu successful. But competition gradually 
became close, business methods changed and new ones came into 
vogue among their comjjetitors that to them seemed neither wise nor 
prudent. As a result tlie copartnership wjis dissolved and at an 
extremely fortunate time; for the great fire of 1872 and the financial 
crisis of 1873 both followed within two years. 

In 1852 Mr. Whitney was married to Fanny Lawrence (chris- 
tened Mary Frances), the youngest daughter of William Lawrence, 
a well known and respected Boston merchant who hnd died four 
years previously, and his wife Susan liuggles (Bordmnn) Lawrence. 
Fanny Lawrence, as she waa always culled, and which name she 
assumed when married, was born in Bulfiiich Street, Boston, Aug. 
19, 1828, By the removal of her family to 150 Tremont Street, the 
young people became neighbors and an intimacy ripening into affec- 
tion gradually grew between them. They were married by the Rev. 
Samuel K. Lothrup, D.D,, March 3, 1852, Their marriage was 
in all respects a happy one. She was an affectionate wife, a devoted 
mother to the six children that were born to them, and was* his con- 
stant companion at home and on most of hia journeys whetlier 
of business i^r pleasure. For fifteen years their happiness was 
unclouded, but in the autumn of 18G6, Oct. 23, they lost their 
eldest son, Henry Lawrence, by a fatal gunning accident. He waa 
a bright, promising boy of thirteen, and his death threw a dark 
shadow for a time over the household. 

To (?peak more in detail of the literary tastes already refeiTcd to : 
Mr. W^hitney was aKvays an extensive reader. He read on all sub- 
jects, rapidly, thoroughly, and remembered what he read. At one 
time the study of Milton *8 writings absorbed his attention, and he 
made a fine collection of various editions of Milton, und works 
bearing on this subject. The authorship of the Junius Letters was 
a question he often puzzled over and never wearied in discussing. 
His interest in this question was first aroused by its being given as 
the subject for a theme, when he was in college. Massachusetts and 
New England history and biogniphy were subjects in which he 

VOU XLV. 17* 


Htnr^ Augiin WhUneij* t*J^J* 

alwa; *p interest. Antiquarian iniitters and genealogy nt timee 

abenr [tctition, and to the study of genenlogj, particularly 

aa bet lis own family ^ he gave much time when a young man. 

Ilia \i( ftl gleaninga were for the most part privately printed 

and d gratuitously among those who were interested in the 

auhjec ich he wrote, and to which hia collections and com- 

pil;»tii []- Such other Huntings of his as were published were 

in the occasional articles on parsing eventa and historical 

matte ere printed in perJodicaU or as contributions to books 

LD the ion of which he wa« interested . He also wrote many 

biogri.j ticei of friendjs and classmates for various publications, 

and nur reports and pamphlets relating to mercantile affairs 

and aai is with which he was connected. On the 6th of 

Febrt "e was elected a member of the New-Eogland 

Hlsto:. nl Society, and oa March 11, 1858, was elected 

a vmvXi mucr of the MassaclmsettB Historical Society* In the 

latter S( , *ie served as one of the Standing Committee in 1859-60, 

as one the Committee of Publicutions of three volumes of 
'* Proceed ingi,*' and as one of the Committee on Memorials of the 
Bebcllion. In 1863 he was admitted a member of the Princ© 
Society. The following is a list of his publications : 

An article entitled "The De«cendauti» of John aad Elinor Whitney of 
Watertown, Mass," printed io Lb© New-England Historical and Genealogi- 
cal Register, nttie and m% pages, April and July, 1857, This was revised 
aod privately rejiriuted the same year, under the title: 

"A Brief Account of the Deseendaala of John and Elinor Whitney ol 
Wateitown, Mass.," 100 copies, 26 pages, 8vo. 

He also printed privately : — " Memoranda relating to the Ancestors of 
Samuel Whitney and their families." This was printed in three parts. It 
was not intended for distribution, but as a convenient way of preserving 
balky manuscript, for future reference. 

"Appendix to first generation," 10 copies, 17 pages, royal 4to. Oct. 1858. 

" Appendix to third generation," 10 copies, 12 pages, royal 4to. Nov. 1858. 

" Appendix to fourth generation," 20 copies, 36 pages, royal 4to. Mar. 1 859. 

"Memoranda relating to Families of the Name of Whitney in England," 
10 copies, 11 pages, royal 4to. 1859. 

" Family papers of William Bordman and William Lawrence." This 
was printed for the use of the Trustees under the will of William Lawrence, 
and was originally intended to he merely a copy of his will, hut was enlarged 
by the addition of genealogical statistics and other material, 6 copies, 48 
pages, royal 4to. 1860. 

" Incidents in the Life of Samuel Whitney, together with some account of 
his descendants, and other Family Memorials," 100 copies, 142 pages, royal 
4to. 1860. 

"Early Settlers of Hingham. Extracts from the Minutes of Daniel 
Gushing, with a Photograph of his Manuscript List; also some Account of 
John Cutler, one of the Early Setders of Hingham," 24 copies, 28 pages, 
royal 4to. 1865. 
• *< Wills relating to the name of Whitney in Buckinghamshire and Oxford- 


Ilenrtj Austin W/iitney, 


ahire, England, 1549-1603, with a pedigree," 12 copies^ 23 pageB, royal 
4to. 1865. 

"A review of the Handwriting of Junius professionally investinjiited by 
Chae. Chabot, etc.," which he repritited from the Loudoii Times aud wrote 
a prefatory notice to^ pamphlet, 1874. 

**The first kuowu use of lYbituey as a Surname," 50 copies, 19 pages, 
royal 4 to. 1875. 

Among other work that he did may be noted " A review of Thos. Keight- 
ley's Life of Milton," 17 pages. North American Review, ApriK 1856. 

Also material that he placed at the disposal of the Rev. Henry Green 
for use in hia " Facsimile reprint of Whitney's choice of Emldems. Lon- 
don, Chester, and Nantwich, 1866," for which Mr. Green makes acknow- 

A review in the Nation, Dec. 17, 1874, of John E, Bailey's "Life of 
Thomas Fuller. London and Manchester, 1874." li* the book Mr. Hailey 
tnakes acknowledgment of some information he communicated, 

He waa also one of the committee that prepared the volume " In Com- 
memoration of llie one hundred and twenty-fifth Anniversary of St. Andrew's 
Lodge, Boston, 1887." 

His library was nn excellent one. He became the owner of some 
Bve thousand well selected volumeg ami, except bis Miltons, ho 
aimed in collecting to secure booka fur the sake of their subject mat- 
ter rather thiin becsiuse they were rare editions. To such historical 
works as were meritorious, but not (»f a aufiiciently popular cburACter 
to be pecuniarily successful, be was always a liberal subscriber. 

His borne in Boston \\m at 54 Buylston Street, from ihe time of 
his marriage till ISSiL In 1854 be tirt?t made Brush Hill in Milton 
ills summer home, nnd always went there ufterwards, e.xco[)t n few 
summers before 181)4. In that year he took the hout«c that he bad 
previously lived in there, on a lonjr lease, and in 1870 be became a 
legal resident of the town. In 1H1>5 and subsequently he became 
the owner of about one himdred and fifty acres of land tm and near 
Brush HilU nnd in 18S2 first occu|Med a large and handsome bouse 
that he had built for liimself on this place. There ho passed two 
winters previously to uccupyiug, a few months before his death, hia 
new city bouse at 2GI Marlborougfi Street, that he had taken much 
pleasure in building. 

He was fond of his country life and the freedom it gave, and 
enjoyed walking and driving, He was a lover of nature and in 
arboriculture took much pleasure. He liked to wander among his 
trees, to watch their growtli, to give directions about planting new 
or trimming old ones, and would himself lop any de-id bramhes or 
offensive sprouts that be could reach. Hia especial care was for two 
chestnut trees that he, bis wife, and children planled from seed a 
few days before the death of his eldest son. Before his own death 
they had grown to be tall nnd vigorous young trees. 

In the welfare of the town of Milton and in malters pertaining to 
it he tottk a lively interest* In the excellent town history written 
by Rev. Dr. Teele, in accordance with a vote of the town in 18^4, 


18S Henry Ausiin H'Ailittfy. [Jalf t 

which i i thMt fiiliir« towB bbtoriAAS would da well lo keep ill 

ligbt^ k~ stpeeially ml^r«^teiK An attractire fenlufv of iha 

book if t** MluetJOft of womi ctit« of ihe r»W boud» of t**e tciwn. 

Thcae W( Eribuled W Mr. Whitnev. The town approprktioo 

WM not Eli to •dmit uf tKotr iotrJductkjn, fttul bad it not been 

for hk t utnew iliey would have lieeo omit ted. 

After rettietit from active bufioesa i& DeoembeTt 1B71, be 

o^eupii f for two jears with tlie cure of varioug aiercsiotile 

and fidu- ;erests» From 18<j3 be had been a director of the Mer- 

chants^* lera' TnuiipartnUilion Compnnv, a Une of ate»iii»bipa 

betwffeii ivifli I and Balliinore, of which bia father bad been one of 
the fotiodere. To the fifi*air« of tbii company he gave a good share 
of hi» time at this period. In later years he was Vice President of 
the compniiy. lie aUo inter' "^d h"owiU with others in the incor* 
poration of the New-Englant let < pany, the first trust eoinpany 
chartered by the etatc* and waa one ^. -s directori and a meralier of 
the Snance coiumittee up to the time of ^hid death ; was a director 
in the Shoe and Leather De»Iera' National Bank ; a trustee of the 
Provident Institution for Savjnjjs «nd a member of the board of 
investment ; and a director of the Boston ^ Providence Railroad 
fr»>in I871» Besides these affairs he hud the care of several estates 
ae trustee. 

In 1874 he was chosen President of the Suffolk National Bank 
and tierved till Feb. 15, 1876, when, thou^di be remained a director 
till be died, he resigned n& President, to accept the Presidency 
of the Boston (S; Providence Railroad to which he had been elected. 
His previous connection with the Baltimore Steamship Company had 
made him familiar with the business of transportation, but what was 
fully as important, he had a clear head for finance. The previous 
year during an eight months absence in Europe of Gov. Clifford, 
who was then President of the railroad, he had acted for him ; so 
that, when chosen, he was well qualified to assume the duties of the 
oflfice. He remained President of the company till his death. 
While in general his management of its affairs was marked by con- 
servatism, the stockholders' interests were cared for and guarded 
with an eye to the future equally with the present ; the policy toward 
the travelling public was liberal and satisfactory ; and except for the 
unfortunate accident at the South Street bridge, the company was 
prosperous and unusually free from accidents. When he became 
President of the road the stock was selling at 145, and at the time of 
his death was selling on a basis of 292.* Meanwhile the stockholders 
had received dividends of from six to ten dollars per share in each 

Besides the associations and business enterprises already referred 

• This fnclndes the preminm paid by the Old Colony Railroad Company, when they 
leased the BoAton & Providence Railroad, which was distributed among stockholders as 
aa extra dividend. 


1801.] Henry Austin Whitney, ^^^^^ 183 

to, he was connected with various other fcusiness, literary, benevolent, 
and social corporations and associations. At various times he served 
as Trustee of the ^lassachusetts General Hospital, Secretary of the 
Boston Dispensary, Director of tlie Detroit, Lansing and Northern 
Hailroad, Director of the North American Insurance Co., and in 
1862, when Dr. Hill was inaugurated as President of Harvard Col- 
lege, he was Chief Marshal. At the time of his death he was Vice 
President of the Humane Society of Massachusetts, member of the 
Massachusetts Charitable Fire Association, Past Master of St. 
Andrew's Lodge of Freeraasons (his grandfather Joseph Whitney 
became a member of this lodge in 171)4), Director of the Boylston 
Insurance Co. , Director of the Boston and Koxbury Mill Corporation, 
Trustee of the Harvard College Loan Fund, Secretary of his college 
class, an oifice that he had filled sinc^ 1852 in a manner most 
acceptable to his classmates, and was a member of several social 

In politics Mr. Whitney was a whig, and afterwards a republican, 
though in 1860 he cast his vote for the Bell and Everett electors, in 
the belief that there was a way out of the political troubles of that 
time other than war. His sympathies ^ot the negro race were strong, 
and he said his blood boiled when ho saw the fugitive ehive Burns 
marched down State Street to be returned to slavery : but he had no 
sympathy with the abolitionists of the period preceding the war, and 
regarded them in much the same light as he did secessionists. His 
Tiews 80 an emancipationist were practical, however, as this Olustra^ 
tion shows. He clianced to have in his employ in 1859 a mulatto 
who had gained his freedom, but who had left an only son in Nor- 
folk, Virginia, where he was held a slave. Mr. Whitney made an 
arrangement with the father by which he was to buy the boy, and 
ten dollars a month was to be deducted from the father's wages till 
the cost was repaid. He made the purchase, paid four hundred 
dollars and received his bill of sale for "one mulatto boy," and a 
regular bill of lading for him, when he was shipped to Boston by 
Bteamer, as though he had been a barrel of oysters. The father 
kept his part of the bargain and worked well and faithfully till more 
than half of the cost was repaid, when the balance was given to him. 

With the outbreak of the rebellion Mr. Whitney became a firm 
supporter of the government and his inclinations were to take an 
active part in the struggle, but he yielded to his wife's entreaties and 
staid by his family. 

He never held political office, but often exerted himself in political 
movements in favor of measures that he thought right, and never 
neglected his duty at the ballot box. Pcrliaps the only exception 
was his neglecting to vote for presidential electors in 1884. 

In religion he was a Unitarian and Christian in the broadest 
sense. Discarding dogmas, he loved his fellow-men and walked up* 
rightly among them, doing to others as he would be done by. In 

184 Henry Austin Whitney. [J^tyf 

fact lie w»s fi g-cntlctnan in the fullest senee of tlie word, Ai a boy 
and young mnn he went with \m [jarents to the Federal St. Church* 
After his marn«t;fe he became a member of the "Church iind Society 
in Bnittle 8(|iiiirc," and when tliat CDngrej^^ation diiper^sed he became 
n pew holder in the ITnitanan Church at Milton, He ehowed hie 
independence of character m religious matters at the time he was 
graduating from college as he dtd in all matters where he thought it 
right, by positively refusing Dr, Gunnett when he asked him in the 
presence of his father to become a teacher in the Sunday school. 
When asked his reason for refusing he frankly admitted that he did 
not beheve in Sunday schools, as he thou*^ht that children had 
enough school in the rest of the week and that they should not ha 
obliged to hurry away from home on Sunday morning. Hi^ father 
afterwards asked him ajs a favor to do as Dr. Gannett asked, and in 
deference to his father's wishes he served for a time aa a teacher in 
the Federal Street Church Sunday School, 

While he was a public-epirited citizen and a Hberal giver, he dia- 
liked any public notice of hhneelfand never epoke in public meet- 
ings, except where circumstances in connection with businees matters 
made it necessary for him to do so* As a conversationalist he in- 
vann!>ly appeared to advanta;ie, and as his manners were naturally 
affable and courteous and he had a fine seoae of humor, his society 
l?aa in constant demand among the many in his native city who 
appreciated these qualities. Hospitable and cordial in his greeting, 
his friends always met with a warm welcome at his home, whether 
they came by previous invitation or dropped in upon him by chance, 
and many are the recollections that remain of pleasant hours passed 
in his company. His friends and social acquaintances were numer- 
ous, and with young people he was always a favorite. At the time 
of his death Mr. George B. Chase, in addressing the Massachusetts 
Historical Society, said : — 

"The kind attention he showed to children was but one indication 
of a rare sweetness of disposition. To young men he was always attractive 
for the ready sympathy and generous recognition he showed when they 
came to him for assistance or friendly advice. • ♦ ♦ Yet, after all, it was 
his simple, generous nature, his manly and honorable life — adorned with so 
many graces of manner and of deed, of pleasant wit, of kind thought and 
friendly counsel — that will cause the great number who called him friend, 
long to mourn his loss, and always to keep his memory green in their 

Mr. Whitney was about the average height, erect in his carriage, 
quick in his movements, and walked with an active step. Whether 
driving or walking he would constantly stop to exchange a friendly 
word with passing acquaintances. 

As has already been said his family relations were extremely 
happy. His father lived to a mature age to die highly respected 
after he had accomplished a good life's work, and his mother sur- 


Henry Austin }Vhtt7iei/. 


vived him. He lived to see both a son and a daughter happily 
married and to have two grandchildren near him. But the year 
1883 had brought a terrible blow to him in the loss of his wife. 
lVL-8. Whitney died at their city home January 28, 1883, and though 
she left with her husband and children those fiuppy memories of kind 
words and loving care that death fortunately cannot destroy, the 
companion of over thirty yeara was <>one and the home was changed. 

Connected with the life of Mr. "SMutney tliere were few if any 
episodes of general public interest. Like hie ancestors he bore hia 
part as one of the many in the community in which his lot was cast, 
reputably and industriously ; and both ag a private citizen and while 
filling the jsemi-public offices to which he was called he worked for 
the common good. A man above the average in intelligence and 
refinement, who exerts bis influence to secure conscientious and 
honest management and stamps with bis character extended business 
affairs, as be did, leaves an impression for good not alone on the 
many wMth whom he comes directly in contact, but also on the 
community to whicii the example of iairness and bouej^ty is given, 

Jicspected by hia business associates as a man of liberal ideas, 
sound judgment, and upright business methods ; esteemed by hifl 
friends as a good friend in adversity us well as in prosperity ; loved 
by his wife and children as a husband and f^ithcr wliose thoughts 
were constantly of his home and how he might make it bright aud 
cheerful ; and l>lessed by many whom he had at one time or another 
helped over hnrd places, he passed a useful life. While in common 
with all mortals Ije had faults, the good so largely predominated as to 
leave little to be criticized. 

February lU, 1881), while present at a hearing of a legislative 
committee to favor the continued [mblication of the Province Laws, 
and at a time when he was apparently in vigorous health, he waa 
suddenly seized witli violent pain and called a carriage to drive him 
home. By the time he got there he was suffering intensely and 
physicians were immediately summoned, but medical skill proved of 
no avail. A hemorrhage of the pancreas, from which tliere was no 
hope of recovery, had occurred ; and on the twenty-iirst of February, 
after he had arranged a few affairs that he had on bis mind and said 
good-bye to his children, without regrets for tlie past or fears for 
the future and at peace with all mankind, he ceased to breathe. 
Two days later, after funeral services at King*s Chapel, Ids body 
was buried at Mt. Auburn Cemetery beside those of his wife and 
eldest son. 

His Eve children who survived him were : 

Joseph Cutler, b, Dec. 7, 1856; m. Georgiana Hayward. One son. 
EJIerton Pratt, b. Aug. 21, 1858. 

ElizaheiU, h. JStiir. 23, I860; m. James JackBOu llinot, M.D. One son 
Constance, b. May IK 18G5; has siace m, Franz Edoaard Zerraliu. 
Hugh, b, Sept. 7, 1870. 

186 Henry Ausiin Whiiney^ [Jalj, 

Beff ious mention of Mr, Wbitney in the daily papers at 

tlie time s death, appropriate notice of it was taken by several 

of tbe tioDi with which he was connected. Of theee noticea 

the mo »itajit were aa follows : — 

A m jrepared by Mr, Edward Bangs for the ProceediDgs 

of the .chueettg Hiatorlcal Society, that waa reprioted In 

pamph I, 10 pages, March, 1890. 

A b ttoir by ilr. ilamilton Aodrewe Hill, published in the 

Reqist* ipril, 1889, under Necrology. 

A mei ublished by The Masaachuaetts Coiincil of Deliberation 
of the An ; Accepted Scottisli Ette of Masonry in their Proceed- 
ings for li Among the eulogistic remarks that thla contains, 
are these : 

** The eoUd qualities of his judgment in bmne&B affkirSf and the admirAbla 
execative ability that characterized him, did not more Burely command tbe 
respect of the business commuQity than did tbe courteiy and frankiiesft of 
hiB manaers aod the generosity of Im heart towards appeals of misfortaae 
or merit," ♦ ♦ • 

*' The good mason haa ceaaed to be with ns. The good father has gone 
on his eternal jourDej. His children, his friends, his associates, and the 
Masonic Frateruity mourn for one whoBe virtnes, like pure gold^ endarod 
the te-sts of the crucible of life." 

Also reaolutions adopted hj tbe directors of tbe Bo«ton & FroYi^ 
dence ftailroad, that exprefls tersely much tbe same idea of bis 

character as this memoir is intended to convey : 

'* Voted, that the directors desire to express their sense of the loss they 
have suffered, in common with the rest of the community, in the sudden 
death of Henry Austin Whitney." 

'^ Elected a director of the road in 1871, and serving as its president 
since 1875, he has rendered long, faithful and valuable service which de- 
serves to be remembered. Liberal in iiis conception of the duty which a 
railroad owes to the public, vigilant of the interests of the stockholders, of 
kind and generous impulses, of unswerving integrity in the management of 
the trust confided to him, his performance of the duties of his office merited 
and achieved success." 

" His cultivated intelligence, his ready wit, his genial and social disposi- 
tion, and the courtesy which marked his intercourse with all, won him 
many friends, to whom his loss will bring enduring sorrow." 

Another human life has swept by in the stream of eternity, but 
the ripples it made in the current in passing have left their marks 
on the shore ; 

" And learning lives, and verta stUI doth shine, 
When foIUe dies, and ignoraunoe doth pine." 

189 Lj Positive Pedigrees and Authorized At*ms. 




An aitsmpt at a Li»t of Settlers named in Savage^s Genealogical Dictionary 

of New England, whose Ancestors are recorded in the Heraldic 

Violations of England, and whose Descendants are 

prohahhf living in the United States of 


By William 8. Applbyok, A.M., of Boston, Mut. 

1. Alsop, Joseph, of New Haven, Conn. 

From Alsop, Derbyshire; in Visitation of Derhyshire. 

Arms — Sable, three doves volant Argent, beaks and legs Gules. 

Evidence: Will of John Alsop of Bonsall, Derbyshire* 1643, ** my 
two brothers and sister now living in New England/' The Alsop 
pedigree has not yet been studied slr h should be, but there h 
no doubt as to the essential facts. I had taken a note of the 
will before it was printed in Mr. Watera'a Gleanings. 

2. Appleton, Samuel, of Ipswich* Mass. 

From Little Waldingfield* Suffolk ; in Visitation of Suffolk. 

Arms — Argent, a fess Sable between three apples Gules, leaved and 
stalked Vert. 

Evidence: Will of Robert Ryece of Preston, SuflFolk* 1637, who 
married Mary Appleton of Little Waldmgiield, "my loving 
Brother in Law Samuel Appleton now dwelling at Ipswich in 
New England." See also Lechford'a Note-Book as published by 
the American Antiquarian Society. 

3. Broughtok, Thomas, of Boston, Mass, 

From Longdon* Staffordshire; iii Visitation of Staffordshire. 
Arms^ — ^Gules, a chevron between three brocks Argent. 
Evidence: Visitation of Stalfordsbire, 1664, "now residing In New 

4. Bruen, Obadiah, of New London^ Conn. 

From Bruen Stapleford, Cheshire ; in Visitation of Cheshire. 

Arms — Argent, an eagle displayed Sable. 

Evidence: I am not aware of any contemporary authority, but there 
seems to bo no possible doubt of the fact as 8tate<i in the reprint 
at New York in 1857 of " The very singular Lite of John Bruen 
Esquire • • • " (father of Obadiah), originally published in 1G4L 

5. BuLKLKT, Rev. Peter, of Concord, Mass. 
From Odell, Bedfordshire; in Visitations of Bedfordshire and 

Arms — Argeutf a chevron between three bull's heads cabossed Sable. 
Evidence: Life of Rev. Peter Bulkley by Rev. Cotton Mather. See 
also *' The Bulkeley Family * * *," Hartford, 1875. 
Chaunct, Rev. Charles, of Cambridge, Mass. 

From Yardley, Hertfordshire; in Visitation of Hertfordshire. 
VOL. XLV. 18 

188' ritive Pedigrees and Authorized Arms, [Julji 

J julea, A cross patonoe Argetift on a chief Aztire « lioo 

t Or. 

*tt Will of Judith Chauncy of Yard! j» 1657, "my dear ftud 
brother Mr. Charles Chauncy mioister of God*8 word aod 
iving in New England." See also *' MeoiorUIe of the 
cey» * • V Boston, 1S58, 

7. Ch: ^eonard, of Weathersfidd, Conn. 

aby, Leieeater»hire ^ in Visitation of Leicestershire. 
4 ^Ttninef on & chief Sable a griffin passaul with wings endorsed 

%i \ : Grare-iStone of Leonard Chester at Weathergfield, ** lata 
m town of Blaby," 

8. DAVKuroET, Rev. John, of New Haven, Conn. 

From Coventry, Warwick; m VisitatiouB of Warwick and Cljesbire, 
Arms — ^Argentt a ehe^'^ron between thres crosseiiHcrosiilt't fitchy Sabte. 
Evidence: Matlier*B Magnalia. See also ** History and Genealogy 
nf the Davenport Family * * */' New York, 18i;l, and Supple- 
ment to the same volume, Stamford, Conn., 1B7G. 

9. Davie, Ilumphrej, of Boston, Mass. 

From Creecly. Devonshire; in Visitiition of Devoosbire, 

Arms — ^ Quarterly, I and 4, Argentt a chevron between three muUeta 

pierced Gules; 2 and 3, A^ure, three cinquefoila Or, on a chief 

of the last a lion passant Gules. 
Evidence : Succession to the BaroDetcj, See also Vivian's *' Visi- 

tatioits of Devoisshtre/' 

10. Deakk, John, Df Boston, Mass. 

From Wiseomb, Devonshire; in Visitation of Devonshire, 

Arms — Argent, a wyvern with wings displayed and tail nowed 

Evidence: Will of Francis Drake of Esher, Surrey, 1634, "John 

Drake my cousin William's son * * * in New England.'* 

11. Fawkener, Edmond, of Andover, Mass. 

From King's Cleere, Hampshire; in Visitation of Hampshire. 

Arms — Sable, three falcons Argent, beaked, legged and belled Or. 

Evidence: Will of Francis Fawkener of King's Cleere, 1662, **my 
brother Edmond Fawconor that is living in New England." The 
Fawkener pedigree needs study even more than the Alsop. 

12. Fenwick, George, of Say brook, Conn. 

From Brinckborne, Northumberland; in Visitation of Northumber- 

Arms — Argent, three martlets Gules, on a chief of the last three 
martlets of the field. 

Evidence: His own will of 1656 and 1657, at London. Perhaps 
the blood is only found here in the descendants of his sister 
Elizabeth, wife of John Cullick of Boston, called Collet in the 

13. Gater, William, of Nantucket, Mass. 

From Trenbrace, Cornwall, and Plymouth ; in Visitation of Cornwall. 
Arms — Ermine, a fieur-de-lis and chief Sable. 
Evidence: Will of Sir John Gayer of Bombay, 1710, "my brother 
William Gayer of the bland of Nantucket." 

1891.] Positive Pedigrees and Authorized Arms, 









H ANBURY. William, of Boston, Mass. 

From Wolverburaptou, Staffordshire; in Visitation of Staffordshire. 
Arms — Or, on a bend engrailed Vert, colized Sable^ three Vvezartts, 
Evidence : ViRitntion of StJiffordftbire, 1 CG4, ** died in New England." 
Harlakenbkn, Roorer, of Cambndf^e, Mass. 

From Earl's Colne, Essex; in Viftttations of Essex and Kent. 
Arms — Azure, a fess Ermiue between tliree lion's beads erased Or. 
Evidence: His own will in the first volume at the Sutfolk Registry 

in Boston, Moss. Roger Harlakewlen bad two daughters,* but it 

19 probable that tlie blood can only be found here in the descen- 
dants of liis sister Mabel, wife of John flaynes. 
Hun LOCK, John, of Boston, Mass. 

From Wiugerworili, Derhysbire ; in Visitation of Derbyshire. 
Arms — Azure, a fess between three timer's heads enised Or. 
Evidence: Hassano's MS- Genealogies of Gentry of Derbyshire about 

1700, ** living at Boston in New England." 
jErFREY, William, of Newport, R. I. 

From Cliittingloy, Sussex; in Visitation of Sussex. 

Arms-^Azure fretty Or, on a chief Argent a lion paaaant goardant 

Evidence: His own will, 1675, ** mother Audry Jeffrey of Chitting- 

ley," See also Berry's Sussex Genealogies, and Horsfield*s 

History of Lewes. 
Leete, William, of Guilford, Conn. 

From Dodington, Huntingdonshire; in Visitation of Huntingdonshire. 
Arms — Argent, a fess GuJes between two roLU of m:ilches Sable 

kindled proper. 
Evidence: Visitation of Huntingdonshire, 1684, "Governor of 

Harford in New England." See also ** The Family of Leele 

• • ♦'' London, 1881. 
LoWLEt Percival, of Newbury^ Mass. 

From Clevedon and Portbary, Somersetshire; in Visitation of 

Arms — Sable, a dexter hand couped at the wrist grasping three darts, 

one in pale and two in sal tire. Argent. 
Evidence: Hurleiaii MS. 1559 in British Museum* " tn 

land 1639." 
Palmes, Edward, of New Haven, Conn. 

From Melton, ? Leicestershire; in Visitations of LeiceatJ 

Arms — Gules, three fleurs-de-lis Argent, a chief >%ire. 
Evidence: Visitation of Leicestershire, 1681, *' in New England." 
Pel I! A if. Herbert, of Cambridge, Mass. ^ f 

From Laughton, Sussex and Boston, Lincolnshire; in Visitation of 

Arms — Quarterly, 1 and 4, Azure, three pelicans Argent, vulning 

themselves proper; 2 and 3, Gules, two pieces of belt erect 

palewise, buckles upwards Ar^^ent. 
Evidence: His own will of 1672 at London, and a MS. Genealogy 

of 1603, printed in the New-England Historical and Genealogical 

Register, xxxiii. 

bUniire and 


190 rmvBJ^aiffreeB ana Authorized Amt*. [Jalji 

22. PsmeUL r, Samue], of Porymouth, N. H. 

From - (iihallow, Curnwull; in Vl&itatioD of Cornwall, 
>- /"ert, a coney Argent. 

] : See ** Penhdlow Family ♦ • V Boaton, 1885, aod 

'» ** Visitations of Ck^rnwall." 

23. Pi liivid, of Hingham, Mas«. 
eymoutb* Dorsetshire; in Visitation of ComwalL 
Lrgent, two bars ^id iu chief three escaUops Sable. 
i: Will of George Pbippen of Tniro, Cornwall, 1650, '*nij 

r David in New England,** 

24. Saltukhtall, Sir Richard, of Waiertowa, Ma«s. 

From Htiutwicke, Yorkshire; in Visitation of Yorkshire* 
Aram — Or, a bend between two eagles displayed Sab^e. 
Evidenoe : See Bond's Genealogies and History of Watertown. 

25. Snelling, William, of Boston, Mass. 

From Cliaddlewood, Devonahire; iu Visitation of Devonshire, 
Arms — Argent, three griffin's heads era&ed Gules, a chief indented 

Evidence: Hia own will of IG74 at Boston, "youngest sonn of the 

late Thomas Snelling of Cbaddenwood iu Plimton mary in the 

County of Devon." 

26. SraiONDi, Samuel, of Ipswich, M&si. 

From Great Teldham, Essex; in Visitatioo of Essex. 

Arms — ^Azure, a chevron engrailed between three trefoils slipped Or. 

Evidence : Will of Richsird Fitz Symondi of Great Yeldham, 
1663, "my loving Brother Mr, Samuel Symonds of New Eng- 
land j" also Genealogy of the Family written by Hicham 
Symonds, nephew of Samuel. « ^ 

27. Thorndike, John, of Beverly, Mass. 

From Great Carleton, Lincolnshire ; in Visitation of Lincolnshire. 

Arms — Argent, six gouttes three two and one Gules, on a chief of the 
last three leopard's faces Or. 

Evidence : Will of the Rev. Herbert Thorndike, Prebend of West- 
minster, in which he mentioned his nephews and nieces born in 
New England. 

28. ]fl|h|S) George, of Hartford, Conn. 

V^ftn Fenny Compton, Warwick ; in Visitation of Warwick. 
^iPbs — Argent, a chevron Sable between three mullets Gules. 
Evidence: His own will of 1644 at London. 

29. WiNTHROP, John, of Boston, Mass. 

From Gr^n, Suffolk; in Visitation of Suffolk. 

Arms — Argent, three chevronels embattled Gules, over all a lion 

ranu)|pt Sable, armed and langued Azure. 
Evidence: See "Life and Letters of John Winthrop," Boston, 

1864 and 1867. 

■tie and History of the Henry Vasmll Estate, 



estate;* CAMBRIDGE, MASS. 

By the late Samuel BATCitBLDeu, Esq., of Cambridge, Maaa. 

The records of Canibrirlge commence in the year 1632. 

•• January 7, 1632. — It is ortkred that oo person whatsocrer shall aet up any 
bouse in tbe bounds of the town \vithout leave from the major part. 

** December 2. — Ordered that no person shall fell any tree within the pofA 
%eihich gofthfrfjm WatertQwn to Chtirifntown. 

** March 2, 1638.— Granted John Benjamin all the jrronnd between John Maa- 
t«fB, his ^ound, and Anthony C'ouldbyeSt providetj that the Windmill hiU shall 
be reserved for the town's nae, and a ^art uPtiy imt rods tmle unto the same. 

"January 5, 1634.^ — It is ordered that whosfjever hath any lot granted by the 
town, and aliall not improve the samu then it is to retnrn to' the Town, or if he 
shall improve the same, he shall rlrst olfer it to the town; if they refuse to give 
him what charge he hath been at, then to have liberty to sell it to whom he can. 

*' February 6", 163€. — (Irranted to Mr. Green half au acre for a house lot next to 
Bfr. Cabot upon condition that if lie ffo it shall return to the Town, only imylng 
the worth of hin bulhllnirs and fencing and breaking up. More granted unto 
" William Adams half an acre, 
*• Robert Parker half an acre- 
"William Wilcox half an aere. 

For possessions and boundaries of these half acre lots, see extract from Pro- 
prietors' records." 

The foregoing extracts from the Records of Cambridge fix the location 
of ibe streets. The ** path that leads from Watertown to Cbailestown" 
iDcIudes Brattle Street and Mason Street, as far as the Common, and the 
cart way to Wnidmilt hill is now Ash Street. But the bouudaries of 
Windmill hill, accordiitg to the records in the Town Book of 1633, reserved 
for the use of the Toftrn, with the carl way two rmls wide to the sarae^ wore 
Dot staked out uutil 1684, wlieu a committee was appointed for the pur- 
poBOf who reported as follows: 

*• The East side thereof is bounded by Richard Eccles six rods and seven feet — 
the Southerly side bounded on Charles Uiver ten rods — the Westerly side on said 
Eceles's marsh seven rods and a half — and the Northerly side on aald Eccles' tea 
rods and four feet." 

By the al»ove it would appear that Richard Eccles had become the owner 
of the several grants to John Benjamin including his marsh, and this is 
confirmed by the deed of John Marritt to Jonathan Remington in 16<i5, io 
which a part of the western boundary refers to Riehiird Eccles as the 
owner, and it appears also by the same deed that Ecrlea was also the owner 
of the half acre lot formerly granted to William Wilcox adjoining that of 
Nathaniel Green at the corner of Ash Street. 

In the volume called the Proprietors' Records is the following order of 

•• April 1 , 1C34. — It was ortlered the constable and four of the chief Inhabitants 
of every town to be chosen by all the freeman there at town meeting, with the 
advice of some one or more of the next assistants, shall make a survey of the 

• The '• Vrt.«s,'dl House" wns owned ftnd ixfcupied l»y my fulhcr, Snmuel Baicliclder, 
from 1841 ittitil Ills dciith, Fehruiiry 7* Iti79j »it the ape oY innety-four >ej\rs »nd eigtit 
monthn [see Rboister, Vol. 33^ p. 367]. Ihe oh^infll of this paper -was compiled nnd 
written hy him tn September, 1877. Juun M. Batcueldsu^ Cambridge. 

VOL. XLV. 18* 

nnd Hifiorif of the 

houses, I, comtt<*l(Ia, mofwin^'grf^iindf and olher IaiuIh 1n*i>rovcHJ or 

incli>«ad -. A hT ^pjx^lni order of Court, of <»rcry free InhabiLatit tlicrt*, 

aad »liall * e same* in & bcKik (f*trJy wrltu^o tn wofd« at U-rjirth, and uot la 

l!liei;iin'»). «<*v(*ral bonnclii ttnd q(i&nUUo« by tbe nearest i-Mtinifttioti, and 

stiall d**!! ii»cTt|»t tbpn?of Into tbi* C^vii MtMhln bU mooUuBt or <^n n^m 

inci^Ung^ mmt^ #n vnU^r^'cl and ri;coi«M slwEI be ft itulfidiiiit ftsdanLtice to 

cvt^ry nnc nhflhltndt, IiIh imd ttieir 1i<lr» ind uslgiw of siieh e^tatp of 

Itihi/rltflni y HliJill Imvt* Ut any \mf\iH or hoQsofl of t9ii«nieDt«. Tlie Li^e 

counse t4^ L for tbe {Ltsiiniiitrf* of att b{)UHf« ftnr] town loM of ftU such as 

sluU be 1 csifTmncbi»H], antl rt'm sale (>r jEnniit of itncb bouses or lote aa 

ribftll iMf 1 » to tltuc cntcrc4) Intn the ji&ltl t^ook by the said constable and 

tout Ifihl ir ihi^lr «ncr«»iiBam, who »h&ll be sUtl Kiipplicd Qpon death or 

removal* tieb *Hiviy tbe purctaa«4^r Mhall pay vix pi-iice. aod tbe llfe^ tool 

for a copy * ', under Iht* hands of llie »ald tiun'oyors or three of them,'* 

Arcnnlirig 1 he f ircpjing order of Omrt, the claims to renl estate ill 
Cam hi id gf wi i». recordoil ii* thU volume di^tiominated Pfoprietort' Re^Qrd^^ 
which t mitil ibe comraeneemeuc o"^ '"- i^ *iry of Deedi for the County of 
Miridleseic about the year 1650, l the evidence of Title to Real 


Ju the etiriy pRgM of this votutae %x^ recorded tbe foUowbg claims i-^ 

** Oi-t. 10**% ie3S.*-,/'oAfl M • ^" ^-*' ***d. One ho^se with other otit- 
bttildia^ft, hackflideft and planl ml 8even acre«=-thc hisfliway to 

WlndRiiU bU! South Ea;*!— J h West— the htfrhway to Water- 

to^vn Korih — -Tobti PHm^p Noriu jaani*. iu«w— thn Prints io Went end about two 
acri's— ,Tfdin Masters South—Highway to Wal town Nortb^rUgbway to Wiud- 
nam hill East." 

'* Jrihn Prince did not reside here, but removed to HolU and under the order 
passed January 5, ICS4> providinjjj that th*^ hits of thosL* who should not luakA 
iujprovementftishowlt revert to th« Toww. Ibt? Town pro cetnled, •* February 6, 
I63«j, to make the folkming grants (Cainbrici^e K<*4!ord«). Grunted to Mf. Grrem 
half fin arvv fur a Ihmiwi' lut ui-%1 to Mr. Vs^yat. upon cand\iwn thiit If he |jo it 
shall return again to the Town, — also granted unto Wm. Adams half an acre — 
Robert Parker half an acre — Wm. Wilcox half an acre." 

The possessions and boundaries in these half acre lots are afterwards con- 
firmed by a committee, under date of the 12th of the first month 1637, aa 
follows: — 

We whose names are underwritten, being chosen surveyors for the Town of 
Cambridge, do for this year enter the houses and Lands of the inhabitants 
thereof as follows : 

Barnabas Lamson. Joseph Isaacs. John Moore. 

" Wm. Adams, planter, one house and lot containing half an acre, abutting 
on the highway that leads to Watertown, North — on the land of John Masters 
both to the South and West — and to the land of Robert Parker East." 

*' To the widow of Bartholemew Green In west end, one house with half an 
acre of land, the highway to Watertown North— John Masters South — John 
Benjamin's highway East — William Wilcox West. 

'• To Robert Parker one house with garden and backsides, on the Lane to Water- 
town in the West end— Wm. Wilcox East — John Masters South — Thomas Adams 
West— highway North." 

The possession of the half acre of Wilcox is recognized in the boundaries 
of the two preceding lots, as between them. 

" In 1 639 Roger Bancroft bought of Nathaniel Sparhawk one dwelling 
house with about half an acre of ground to it that the house stands on, with 
all the rights and privileges thereto belonging. Gary Latham South and 
West — the highway North — Robert Parker East." 

The wife of Gary Latham was a daughter of John Masters, by which 
means he came into possession of the premises first granted to John Masters. 


1801.] Title and Hhtory of the Henry Vassall Estate. 193 

The preceding lot conveyed to Bancroft, according to the situation and 
bcmimlarie*. must be the same as that assigueil to AtUniK (Thomas or Wil- 
liam). I fitnl no conveyance to Sparhawk, hnt Mr, Paige says there waa a 
family com|>ri8ing Thomas Adams, who gold a house near Fresh Pond to 
Nalhauit-I Sparhawk in 1G38, and William Adams, who owned a house south 
of lijMtrle Street, and this family went with Hooker to Connecticut. 

Mr. Paige says John Masters ditrd December 22, 1639, and his widow 
died Decend>er 26, 1039. 

The claim of Cai v Latham is entered m Proprietors' Records. Sept. 6th, 

•' In West ond — < )ne dwolllnjj house with out-boiises find seven {trres of land — 
more or less— John Hridjfe Nf^rth West— Iliijh way to Whulnull Jlill South East — 
John Benjamin South West — Elizabeth tireen, Wm. Wilcoi» Robert Parker, 
Roger Bancroft and highway to Walertown North East.** 

There is in Proprietors* Records the claim of "John Brid^ire bought of 
Cjiry Latlfara lialf an acre — more or less of upland, the South— 
Thomiis Marriot West — the highway to Watertown Nortli — Cary Latham*« 
land East." John Bridge l)efore tliis had a lot on the Watertown road, as 
the Town 1637, August 14th, granted John Bridge "liberty to set the 
porch of bis house six feet into the highway," and the conveyance of Latham 
extended \m territory to the marslu 

Cary L:itham removed to New London about 164G, and under date of 
fiixih month, " 1 64t>, conveys to Thomas Crosby one dwelling liouse and seven 
acre§ of hind — more or less — John Bri<lge >forthwest^ — highway to Wind- 
mill hill Sonlh east — his own land South west^ — Elizubi^lh Green, Wm, 
Wilcox, Robert Parker, Rojier Bancroft and hitjlmay to Watertown North 

According to the descriptions and boundaries in the prtK?eding deed there 
must have been at that date six dwellitig houses fronting on Biultle Street, 
on ihta estate — one on each of the half acre lots graitted to Green, Wilcox, 
Paiker and Adams, and one on the live or six rods of the front, on Brattle 
Street, of llie seven acrt^s gratjtt^d Xo Masters, which included the row of 
Hawtliorri trees at the west of the present house, and the house of John 
Briflge west of the row of trees. It these four half acre lots were laid out 
four rods on the street, and extending back 20 rods, of which there are 
80nae other examples in original laying out of lots in Cambridi;e, the fourth 
lot wouM cover a part of the ground occupied by the Ka^t wing of the present 
house, which wa« not built imtil after those lirst houses built before 1640, 
had gone to decuy, except that at the corner of Ash Street, which must 
have been a house of some consequence, as it waa maintained in a habitable 
coDdition until it was sold by ^Ae/i(??^r Wyeth to John Vassall in 1741, and 
on digging six or eight inches below the surface, at tlie present time, we 
dii^over the remains of a pavement of small pebbles of different colors. 

**Febmary 26, 1645, llobert Bancroft bought of Thomas Crosby four acres 
and thirty poles— more or less — John Britl^e North-wejst and 8outli west — 
Edraond South-ea.*»t — His own laud (Hoger Bancroft's) Robert Parker and 
highway to Watertown North east," 

Mr. Poige Rays Thomas Crosby resided west of Ash Street, which estate 
he Eold partly to Kdmund Frost in lC4^, and to Richard Eccles in 1651, 
at both which dates he resided in Rowley. 

•• In UUiy, Robert Parker to Roger Bancroft one dwelling bouse with a bam 
and about half an acre of laud adjoining— more or leas — ^heing bounded on the 


tnd Bistofy of the Henry Va^mll Etimie^ [Julyi 

aald I >ft'fi lioui^e and y&rcl on the AoriA toeif and on tbe «oulA 

Samu ihe South east— highway to Watertown North a&st/' 

By th tig coiiveyancea Bancroft would be the ownor of between 
five and i of tUe premises, and we find no other record of any cou- 
Bequem 649 to 1665, except the probate of the will of Thoniaa 
Marrat U *^ the house »nd ftirm where m? hou John now \h^%** is 
devised fhich appears in the Inveiitorv of the estate &s, *' The dwell- 
ing Uai3& thouses that wae Roger Bancrofts and eight acret of hud '* 
valued al 

Mr, P) s that Bancroft died in 1653 without children. We find 

iiD convey nj Thuiuas Marmtt, but though he wm th^ owner of several 

parcels of J *t»te in Cambridge, [here h no reoordifd tkle to be found 

eitber In thtJ ^ * K^prkiori Mteot^i or the Regiitry yf Deeds for the County 
of Midd1eB4^x. 

Sept. 21 St, 16<>S . John Marfttt eoinrc|« t< athan Bemington '• one dwelling 
bouse, outhou8eiS and hani^, am! ttve ai»«i land adjoinbigt thereto, bounded 
with a highway to Charlea RhcT South ea^iv — Jathl Green, Richard Ecclea and 
highway Kortb— John Marratt above ewdd, West— Hlchard Ecciea and Matthew 
Bridge South west. 

In the foregoing deed John Marratt conveys only five acres of the farm 
of eight acre& iirherited from his father, bounding ia on the west in part oa 
his own land. 

September 22d, 1682* Jonathan Remmjfton far the consideration of ^120 
conveys " t^ Andrew Bekher my raesauage or tenement with the orchard and 
land adjolulutr and belonging containing five acres, be the same more or leas^ 
situate and b«inc in Carahrldge aforesaid, hutted and bounded Northerly upon 
the land of NatUl Green In part, the land of Richard Eecles Im part, and partly 
by a hijjhway — South east upon a highway Ir-arilirv^ to Charles RJver—Soiith west 
upon land of Richard Eceles in part and the land of John Marratt In part — and 
Westerly upon the land of Reuben Luxford, or however otherwise the same is 
bounded or reported to be bounded.'* 

By the will of Andrew Belcher, who died in 1717, Jonathan Belcher 
inherited this estate, and December Ist, 1719, in consideration of the sum 
of £220 conveyed to John Frizzell " all that certaiu tract or parcel of land, 
situate, lying and being in Cambridge, in the County of Middlesex, and 
province aforesaid, containing by estimation six acres, more or less, being 
bounded northerly by the county road — North-westerly by land belonging 
to the heirs of Reuben Luxford, deceased, and Amos Marratt, Southerly 
by John Phillips* marsh — South westerly by a highway leading down to 
the Windmill — and Northerly and Easterly by the house iot of the said John 
Phillips, or however otherwise bounded or represented to be boumded, 
together with the dwelling house, barn, out-houses, edifices, fences, profits, 
privileges, rights, commodities and appurtenances to the said tract or parcel 
of land belonging." 

In the conveyance from John Marratt to Jonathan Remington the 
northern boundary is partly on land of Nathaniel Green and Richard Eccles. 
In the deed of Belcher to Frizzell the house plot of John Phillips comes 
into the northerly and easterly boundary, instead of Richard Eccles. 
Eccles died, according to Mr. Paige, previous to March, 1696, when his 
estate was sold by his daughters, probably to Phillips. This was, no doubt, 
the half acre originally granted to Wm. Wilcox, and now denominated the 
house plot of Phillips, and which was purchased together with what is here 
called Phillips's Marsh, at the sale of Eccles's estate 


1891.] Title and History of the Henry Vassall EHate. 195 


July 20, 1734j. Mercy Frizxell, widow of John Frk^ll, Jr.. conveys to Jolin 
Vassall In cousiderntio'n of £1000 •* A certain messuage or tenement situate^ 
lying and being In Cambridcte iu the County of Middlesex and Province afore- 
Baid, containing by estimation seven acres of land — be it more or leys— with 
dwelling bouse, bam and oiithnnses thereon standioj^and being, bounded north- 
Easterly partly with Sarauc^l Bull and partly with the road leading to Watertown— 
Southwesterly with Joseph B- Crackboue — North westerly with the heirii of 
Lujcford Patten deceased and Sonth easterly partly with Samuel Bull and partly 
with a highway to the brick wharf." 

As the above deed conveys one acre more than the deed lo John Frizzelli 
and omits the boundary on the house plot of Jokn PhiiUps, it may be inferred 
that this house plot had become part of tlie estate conveyed. 

Deceuaber 30, 1741. John Vasaall conveys to his brother Henry Vassall ** now 
residing in Boston, New Eughind^ late of the Inland of Jaiuaim, planter, in 
consideration of £9050 New England cniTencyv a certain messuage or tenement 
lying and being in Cambridge aforesaid containing by estimation seven acres 
of Uuid. be the same more or less, with dwelling house, barn and out houses 
tlMr^n standiiig and being bounded North ea^^t partly with land now or 
Ute of Sam'l Bull and partly on the road leading to Watertown, Southeast 
with Joseph Crackbone— North west with the hell's of Luxford Patten deceased — 
and South east partly with Sam'l Bull and partly with a highway to the brick 
wharf , or however otherwise bounded, or reputed to be bounded, also all the 
furniture of household of and belonging to the said dwelling-house (one bed 
and furniture excepted, which is to be at my own option), also one chariot, one 
four wheel chaise, two bay stone horses, and two black geldings." 

Also thirty acres of mowing and pasture land on the opposite side of Charles 

The territory conveyed by the preceding deed did not extend to the 
corner of Ash Street, where the title of the balf acre originally granted to 
Bartholomew Green iu 1636, after the death of Green and tbe &ale of his 
estate in 1707 by his heirs, had been eoutinued 

through Amos Marratt in 1723 

and Joseph Crackbone in 1728 

and Samuel Bull in 1734 

and Ebenezer Wyeth in 1738 

until it was sold November 27, 1741 
Wyeth to John Vassall in consideration of £2GQ, *4xjunded 
Northerly by the road leading to Watertown^ — North westerly by said Va*- 
sall's Iiind, — and South easterly by a way leading to Charles River." And 
March 31, 1747, John Vassall to Henry Vas&all in conaideration of £700 
old (eiior conveys the same property to Henry VaaaalK This completes the 
title to the estate to the Eastern boundary on Ash Street. 

In 174 U at tbe time of the first deed from John Vassall to bis brother, 
and in the preceding deeds, the boundary of the estate on tbe West was, at 
different periods, John Bridge, Matthew Bridge, Reuben Luxford and 
Luxford Patten, and this boundary is still indicated by the row of Haw* 
thorn. Elm and Linden trees which probably stood near the western limits. 

July 13, 1737, Rebecca Patten, widow, gives a quit claim deed to John Vassall, 
for the •' consideration of £100 of all the right, title and estate which I, the said 
Rebecca, have or ought to have of. in or unto a certain messuage and tract of 
land situated in Cambridge, containing by estimation one acre and an half, more 
or less, bounded North on the highway leading from Cambridge to Watertown — 
East on the aforesaid John Vassairs land — ^South on Amos MaiTatt's marsh and 
West on said Marratt's upland/' 

December 6, 1746, John Vassall to Henry Vassall ''about an acre— bomided 
Northerly on a road leading to Watertown— North westerly and South westerly 
on land of said John Vassall and Easterly on land of said Henry Vassall/' 


196 Title and History of the Henry VuB9all Estate, [July, 

Tbe ftlwve deetl and that from John YasMll to Henry Vassall dated 
March 31, 1747» of the half acre purchased of Wyeth, completes the East 
and West boundaries of the estate. Before this the title to the whole 
territory was not onited in one owner. 

It seems therefore clear that the brick wall on Brattle and Ash Streets 
must have beeu built by Henry Vassall after that date. 

I have found no document or tradition to tix the time when tbe oldest 
part oi the present house was built, but it was probably about the ysar 1700, 
The present proprietor in repairing the house in 1842 found the plastering 
iu such a condition that he had most of the house newly plasterud, and on 
taking ofif the oUl plastering found that on the front of the house wa§ done 
when the lime was made by the burning of oyster shells, and the mortar waa 
full of pieces of sheila. The front of the house and the west wiug and 
kitchen, one story in height, were probably built while the estate was owned 
by Andrew Belcher, which was from 1G82 to his death in 1717. The 
estate was inherited by his »on Jonathan Belcher, who sold it to John 
Frizzell in 1719, at which time it must have been a suitable residence for 
a Boston merchant of some note, who gave a bell to the new North Church, 
and whose widow left a legacy of £200 to the poor of Boston. 

While the estate was owned by this family, from 1719 to 1736, the 
house waa probably enlarged, and had been so much improved, that the 
estate purch.ised for £220 was then sold to John Vassall, who found it a 
suitable residence for his family, a year or two after his marriage with the 
daughter of Lieut. Governor Spencer PhippB. After the death of his wife, 
in 1739, he sold it to his brother Henry in 1741, who was then about to 
marry Penelope, daughter of Isaac Royal 1 of Medford* He continued to 
occupy the estate until the time of his death, in 17G9, during whiL'h time he 
built the east wing of the house, and no doubt made other additions and 
improvements, as the different parts of the house show that it was built at 
four different times. 

Henry Vassall was reputed to have large estates in the West Indies, and 
lived in princely style, but while he was making these improvements, in 
1748, February 1 4th he mortgaged the estate and also 30 acres of land on 
the south side of Charles River, to James Pitts for £779, 12. 6, and in 
1765, October 2d, he sold the 30 acres to Ebenezer Bradish, James Pitta 
giving a release of tbe same. 

December 16, 1764, he gave a mortgage to Charles Russell of Lincoln, 
for security for a bond for £856- 14. 8, which appears to have been giveo 
for the marriage portion of his daughter, who was nuirried to Charles Russell. 
He also gave Sept- 7ih, 1767, a mortgage to Michael Trollet for £225. 

These mortgages remained unpaid at the time of his death in 1769. His 
widow commenced the payment of them, and received a discharge on that 
of Troilfct, Nov. 10th, 1770, on payment of £266. 13. 4. for debt and 
interest, but it is jjrobabte that on account of the troubles preceding the 
Revolutionary war she was not able to accomplish if. She continued, how- 
ever, to occupy the estate until tbe commencement of hostilities, when she 
and her family left the country. They returned, however, after the 
Revolution, and died here, the mother at the age of seventy -six and the 
daughter at tifty-uine. 

While the Revolutionary army was at Cambridge, no donbt this house was 
the head quarters of the Surgeon -General and perhaps a hospital. Doctor 
Benjiimin Church, after ho was detected in correspundeuce with the enemy, 
was arrested here and confined to his quarters until his trial, and left a record 

1891.] Title and History of the Henrtf Vaasall Estate. 197 

of his occupation of tlie house by hts Dame cut with a pen knife on ond of 
the doors of his chamber, which is still legible though since covered with 
several coats of paint. 

James Pills no doubt took possession of the estate under Lis mortgage, 
as hie heirs — viz.: Johti Pitts, Samuel Pitts and Liiidall Pitts, merchants of 
Boston, and Jonathan Warren, Esq., and Elizabeth Warren, wife of said 
JonathnUi^ in her own right, of PorLsmontb, N. H., June 12,^ 1782, in con- 
sideration of £850, convey to Nathaniel Tracy of Newburyport* the Henry 
Yassall estate, and by the descriptions and boundaries in the deed it appears 
that Tracy was then the owner of the Craigie estate. 

On the failure of Tracy he was in debt to Lane and Frazier of London, 
and conveyed to Thomas Rnssell for their benefit, Oct. 30th, 1786, bis 
property (see Register of Deeds, Vol. t*4, p. 385), and Thomas Russell 
conveyed to Andrew Craigie* Jaoiiary 1st, 1792 (see Book 110, p. 406), *'a 
piece of land in Cambridge containing nine acres, bounded North easterly 
on a highway leading to Charles River — ^Northerly on a road leading to 
Watert^^wn, and Westerly and Southerly on oth**r land hereby conveyed, 
being the late homestead of llenr)' Vassal 1» Esquire, together with the 
dwelling house, barn and out houses thereon standing." 

Craigie continued to own the estate until his death- During this time, 
by some agreement between Bossinger Foster and Craii;ie wlios© sister 
Mary was the wife of Foster, and Craigie having no children, the children 
of Foster wonld be his legal heirs. Mr. Foster and his family moved 
from Boston and resided in this house some years until the death of Foster, 
which probably took y)lacc before that of Craigie, who died, intestate, about 
1S20. After the assignment of dower to his widow, an agreement was 
executed Oct. Itht 1^21, betiveeu Samuel Haven, of Dedhara, and Eliza- 
beth bis wife in her right, and Andrew Foster of Roxbuty, physician, and 
John Foster, of Cambridge, gentleman, and Thomas Foster of the same 
Cambridge^ physician, being the heirs at law of Andrew Craigie, late of 
Cambridge, deceased, ititestate, for the partition of the real estate of said 
iutestate in the County of Middlesex, except such parts thereof as have 
been assigned to bis widow as dower. 

In the execution of this agreement the property was divided into four parts, 
and that part denominated share No. 1, fell by lot to Elizabeth Haven, 
described as follows, Book 240, p. 333. 

8hare No* 1 consists of the Henry Vassall estate so called^ as the same is 
now separated from the dower of the said Craigie's widow, bounded Westerly 
thereon by a line* rnnniiig from the westerly end of the brick wall on the 
old Walertown road. South 37 degrees W«sl to tbe new Watertown road, 
Northerly on the old road to Watertown — Easterly on a lane leading from 
Sftid road to Charles River, and Southerly on the new road to Watertown. 

While the estate was in possession of Judge Haven be madtj important 
improvements in the bouse, raising it a toot and a half and underpiuuing 
the same with granite, and also made other repairs. 

The present proprietor purchased the estate of Messrs Green leaf and 
HilJiard representing the several parties in interest* in December, 1811 Just 
one hundred years after it was conveyed to Henry Vassall, in December, 
1741. [Signed,] S. B. 

• This line forms the Ensterly fjoundary of the Longfcltow Park, extending from Brattle 
Btrect to Mount Aaburn Street, — a distiince of 666 feet.— J. M. B. 



The eitfjjolned letter maj interest 8om€ of the readers of the 
Rkoistee. The signer, William Coupe r, was town clerk of Boston 
from 1761 to 1809, and during that period filled many other respon- 
iible positions with honor, A more extended not tea of him maj be 
found in this magazine, toL xhv. p. 56. 

At a Meeting of the FreehoMere and other lohabitanta of the Town of 
Boston duly qualified & legally warned in poblick Town Bleetin^ Assem- 
bled at Fanenil Hall on Fryday the 13'^ Day of May Anno Domini 1774, 

Vot«d, tbat it h the opinion of this Town that If the other Colonies oomo 
into a Joint resolution to stop all Importations from Great Britaia & 
exportations to Great Britain and every part of the West Indies, till the 
Act for blocking np this Harbour be repealed, the iame will prove the 
Salvation of North America & her Libertiea : on the other hand if tliey 
continue tbeir Exports & Imports, there h high reaeon to fear, t^iat frand, 
power & the moat odious oppres&iou will riie tryumphant over right, 
Justice, souial happineas & freetlom. And moreover that this Vote be forth- 
mtb transmitted by the Moderator, to all our Sister Colonies in the name 
aud behalf of this Town. AtL William Cooper Town Clerk. 

^ Boston May 13**^ 1774. 


We have just received the Copy of an Act of the British Parlia- 
ment passed the present session whereby the Town of Boston is treated in 
a manner the most Ignominius & Unjust The Parliament have taken 
upon them from the representation of our Govenor & other persons 
inimical to & deeply prejudiced against the Inhabitants, to try, condem, an 
by an Act to punish them unheard which would have been in violation of 
natural Justice^ even if they had an acknowledged Jurisdiction. They have 
order'd our Port to be iutirely shut up, leaving us barely so much of the 
means of subsistance as to keep us from Perishing with Cold & Hunger, 
and it is said that a Fleet of British Ships of War is to shut up our Har- 
bour, untill we shall make restitution to the East India Company for the 
loss of their Tea which was destroyed therein the Winter past, obedience 
paid to the Laws and Authority of Great Britain and the revenue is duly 
collected. This Act fills the Inhabitants with Indignation. The more 
thinking part of those who have heretofore been in favour of the Measures 
of the British Goverment, look upon it as not to have been expected even 
from a barbarous State. 

This attack tho made immediately upon us is doubtless designed for every 
other Colony who will not surrender their sacred Rights & Libertys into 
the Hands of an infamous IViinistry. Now therefore is the Time, when aSi 
should be united in opposition to this Violation of the Liberties of aJL 
This Grand Object is to divide the Colonies. We are well informed that 
another Bill is to be brought into Parliament to distinguish this from the 
other Colonies, by repealing some of the Acts which have been complained 




1891.] With of American Ancestors of Washmgton. 199 

of and ease the American Trade: but he assured y^u will be called upon to 
surrender your Riglits, if ever they should succeed iu their attempt to sup- 
press the Spirit ot Liberty here. 

The single Question then is^ whether you consider Boston as now suffering 
in the common Cause 4& aensihly feal & resent the injury and Atfrout 
offer'd to her. If you do (and we cannot believe otherwise) may we not 
from your Approbation of our former conduct, in defence of American 
Liberty, rely on your sufipeuding your Trade with Great Britain at least, 
which it is acknowledged will be a great but necessary sacritice to the caose 
of Liberty & will effectually defeat the dehigns of this Act of revenge. If 
ibis should be done you will please to consider it will be thought a volun- 
tary sutfering, greatly short of what we are calld to indure under the 
immediate Hand of Tyranny. 

We Desire your Answer by the Bearer: and after assuring you, that not 
io the least intimidated by thia InUumune Treatment we are still deter* 
mined to the utmost of our Abilitea to maintain the Rights of America, we 
are, Gentlemen, YoDR Friends & Fellow Codntrymen. 

Signeil by order & in behalf 

of the Committe of Cor respon dance for Boston. 

William Cooper Clerk. 

N.B. The above was written with the concurrence of the Committee of 
Correspondance of the Towns of Charlestown, Cambridge, Brookliue, 
Newton, Roxbury, Dorcbeater, Lexingtou and LyDo. 




^H CocDtnantcated bj Joseph M. TojCBa^ M.D., of Wiuhingtoo. D. C. 

^p The foUawing may be relied upon as authentic transcripts of the 
f^ wills of the American anccHtors of George Washington. They 
possess interest to the genealogist atid historical student, and are 
presented in the following order : First, the emigrant John Washing- 
ton — the great-grandfather of the General. Second,. Lawrence Wash- 
ington, also an emigrant, and brother of John* Third, Lawrence 
Washington, son of John and nephew of LawTence the emigrant. 
Fourth, Deed of relense from Roger and Mildred (Washington) 
Gregory to Augustine Washington. This Mildred Gregory was 
daughter of Lawrence Washington and sister of Augustine Washing- 
ton, and the aunt and god-mother of George Washington. Mildred 
inherited from her father Hunting Greek plantation now " Mount 
Vernon,*' which she and her husband by this deed conveyed to her 
I brother Augustine* Fifth, Augustine Washington, son of Lawrence 
I and grandson of John. Sixth, Lawrence Washington, son of Augus- 
tine Washington, half-brother of George and great-grandson of 
John the emigrant and patentee of the Hud tin g Creek plantation. 




Wilh of Amer%eS^An^9t&ri of Wiuh ingimi . [J aly , 

The will of Jolm Waehinj^ton has been copied from the original 
w}ien it was in a better condition than tl is nt jiresent, and everj word 
I believe is correclly inter[treted. The other wilU are from certified 
copies of probated wills on record. The deed of Roarer and Mildred 
Gregory is copied from the originral document. They are Bubmitted 
aa aourcefl of hiatory without further explanation or comment. 

Will of John Washington the Emigrant. 

Iij the name god amen, I John washingtuo of Washington pariih in y* 
Coiintie of westmerland in Virginia, geii'. being of goo<l & perfect nienjory, 
thankes be unto Almighty go<1 (fur it) & C^alleing to remeojbrance the micer- 
taine estate of this tran$[iiory] lifet & that ail flesh must yeiid unto deatb, 
wbeo it shall p1ea[sej god for to Call, doe make Constitute ordaine & de- 
clare tbU my last will & testament in maner dc forme following, re- 
voaki[ng] & anulling by thes preaents all <& every testament & testamfents] 
will or wills heirtofi>re by me made & decliired ei[ther] by [oath] or by 
writing & this to be taken only for my last will & testament & noe other, 
dc first bei[ig hartily ^ sorry from the boitome of my hart for my sins past, 
most humbly desireing forgivened of the same from the Almighty god (roy 
saviour) & redeimer in whome & by the meritts of Jeaus Christ, I trust 
& beleive assuredly to be saved <& to have full remission <& forgiveness of 
all my sins <& y' my soule w*'* my body at the generall day of ressurriclion 
shall arise again© w*** Joy & through the mt^rrits of Christ death & pas- 
sion, posses & iidierit the Kingdom of heaven, prepared for his ellect & 
Chosaeu & my body to be buried on y* plantation wheirr 1 now Live, by 
the side of my wife y* is already buried & two Children of mine & now 
for the Betling of my temporal I estate & such goods Clmtles <& debts as it 
hath pleased god far above my deserts to bestow uppon me, I doe order 
give & dispose the same in maner & forme folioweiiig— 

first 1 will y* all those debts & duties y' I owe in right or Consience to any 
maner of person or persons w'soever shall be w«ll & truly Contented A 
payd or ordained to be payd by my executors— herein after named — 

Imprimis 1 give & [be]quea[th] unto my eldest [son Lawrence Wash-] 
ingtoji y* seat of land wheiron Henery flagg liveth [w*"^ I bought of JohnJ 
watts & Robert Hedges, being by patten seven hundre[d] ac[re8] it being 
by my father pope made over to me & my heirs Lawfully begotten of my 
body — 

Item 1 give unto my son Lawrence Washington my waiter mill w*** all 
appertioaiices & Land belonging to it a' the head of Rosiers Creik to him 
& his heirs for ever, reserveing to my wife her thirds dureing her Life — 

Item I give unto my son Lawrence Washington y* seate of Land w** I 
bought of hi' Lewis marcum being about two hundred & fifty acres, at the 
mouth of rosiers Creik on y* northwest side, w'^'' all the houseing their unto 
belonging to him & his heirs for ever reserveing to my wife her thirds 
dureing her Life — • 

Item I give unto my son Lawrence Washington y' seate of Land at upper 
macho tick w*^"* 1 bought of M'' Anthony Bridges & M' John Rosier, being 
about nine hundred acres to him & his heirs for ever, reserveing to my 
wJf« her thirds dureing her life — 

Item I give unto my son Lawrence Washington my halfe & share of fire 
thousand acrea of Land in Stafford Coanty w'^ is betwixt Coll Nioala^ 

1891.] TFi7/« of American Ancestors of Washington, 201 



epencar & myselfe w^^ we [are engaged] y' their shall be no henifit taken 
by survivour ship to bim & his [heirs] for [ever]. 

Item I doe give unto my son John Washington y' plantation wheiron I 
now Live w"** I bought of DavifJ Anderson & y* plantation next to M* John 
Foihall y* I bought (w*** was Ric^ Hills) to him & his heirs for ever <Jc y* 
seate of Land of about four hundred acres w*** lyeth uppou y* head of 
Rap^^haoeck Creik & adJoyaing uppon David tiorways orphatita Land the 
Land being formerly John whetstona •& sold to me to him & his heirs f[o]r 
ever reserveing to my wife her thirds of the afoare sayd Laod dureing her 

Item I give unto my soii John Washington y* seate of Land w''** Robert 
foster now Livetb on being about three hundred acre» to him & his heirs 
forever, Likewise I give unto my sayd son John Washington y' seat of Land 
w*** Robert Richards Livetb on w*'^ I had of my bro: Lawrence Washington 
being about three hundred & fifty acres to him & hia heirs for ever reserve- 
ing to my wife her thirds of the two sayd tracts of La[n]d dureing her life — 

Item I give & bequeath unto my daughter An Washington y* seate of 
Land y* tract of Land y* Thoi Jordan now liveth on being about twelve 
hundred acres to her & her heirs for ever. Likewise I give & bequeath 
unto my sayd daughter that tract of Land wheiron John frier now Liveth 
being about fourtein hundred acres after M'' fncke bath his quantity out of 
it to her & her heirs for ever reserving to my wife her thirds of the two 
above seates dureing her Life. 

Item I give unto my sayd daughter, w*** was her mothers desire & my 
promise, y* Cash in y" new parlour & the Diamond ring & her mothers 
rings & the white quilt & the white Curtains & Valliana — 

And as for the rest of my personal! estate after my debts & dues are 
sattisfied Justly, w*^ I desire should be sattisfied out of my Cropps, which I 
doe not question but will be far more than I doe owe (thanks be unto god 
for it) theirfore it is my desire y* my estate should not Come to any np- 
praisement, but 1 order & bequeath a foUoweth y* is to say that their shall 
be a Just Inventory <& List taken of my personall estate y* I am possessed 
of & for to be devided in quantitie & quallitie by three men of Judgement 
w**^ I request the Court to nominate, into foure [par]t8 to be equall & pro- 
portionable devided iu quantitie & qualitie the one fourth part I give to ray 
Loveiug wife in IGnd iu I^w of her dower or Claime, & one fourth part 
to my sou Lawrence Washington in Kind, & one fourth part to my 
son John wasliington in Kind, & one fourth part to my daughter 
An Washington in Kind to them & either of them severally & their beirs 
fyr erer &> it is my will y* if either of my above sayd Children should 
happen to dy, before they obtaine the age of one & twenty years or day of 
marriadge then the Land of y' Child y* Dyeth to be the eldest sou then 
Liveing, & if both my sons should dy then the Land to be my daughter 
An, & as for the personall estate if any of my three Children shonld bap- 
pen to dy, before they Come of age or day of marriadge, then it is my will 
that the two surviveing Children should e<iually devide the porBonall estate 
of y' Child y* is dead betwixt them & theirs for ever 

Item I give & bequeath after all my legacies payd out w* mony I shall 
have in England to my son Lawreuc© Washington 

SIte]m my desire is y' their may be a fanerall sermon preached [at y" 
urch & that their be no other fuuerall Lest y* [funjerall exceid four 
thousand pounds of [Tobb]*^*. 

Item I give unto the Lower Church of wafihing[toii] parish [y]* ten 

Wilis ^i 


IiM Uh mf 4mim j* w'tii^ 1 ^Bdy |ii iinl APiJi W Kept 


V «Q«ill MTU, AV**! ^'i^ 
•W7 CWUi part ikMld W p«l 

Unto iMn 6r lo [M ^■■iiigiJ t» itol 

«{r«Kft aul}dM[«Hi]ec to tto 

y* vj wife 
vntall Bf Boa Lawtema 

Item I doe gm to »/ tif« : Hknbm Pope Ub 
iBT9 in Evglaad 


of Wf 

Ie«ib I 4<M ^?« ttato mj wter nsriliaw wiAbiBgw» t« pooadi ont ol 

wmpoftriiig Imt mU into IMi Gbnirj A a jnn &os>i]iiodaiion after lior 
CMdc is lb tar te«Md p«Bii of Tobl^ A Cft&ke~ 

IfiiB ii if mfjiemm j* m^ hmt Tbon^ P<»pe h«f« tlie brbijgiiig up of 
mf toi Joha WMUaglM A lor to l«v« the maiiadgemeBi of hb wtAto to 
tnf »on9 bett idvAOtodge aftdU lie ol sge oC ooe & twefiij je^rt or day 
of marriadge — 

final I J I doe ordaine de appoint mj bro: m' Lawrenoe Washington dc my 
•on Lawrence Washington & my Loveing wife m** An Washington my 
whole dc soale executors of this my last will & testament as witness my 
hand & seale this 21<^ of 7ber 1675. John Washingtok. 

signed & sealed in y* prooed by y* Oath of 

presence of ns — Cap* Jn* Lord Cap^ 

John Lord Jn* Appleton Being deces^ 

John Appleton 

[The following endorsement Is on the back of this will in the hand-writing 
of General Washington : 

Will— L* Col« 

John Washington 

11* Sep* 1675. 

This farther endorsement bnt in a different hand is also on the back : — " Re- 
corded in y* County records of Westmoreland Co y* 10 Jan'y 1677."— j. m. t. 

The originsl of the aboTe will of John Washington, the emigrant ancestor 
of President Washington, was preserved among the General's papers at Mount 
Vernon. After the sale of the estate In 1858 to the Ladies' Mount Vernon 
Association of the Union, the papers and other relics were removed by the 
owner. Some of them were exhlbitd at the United States National Museum at 
Washin^irton, for a few weeks, last winter, but were removed in February last 
to be sold. A catalogue was prepared and printed, and on Tuesday, Wednesday 
and Thursday, April 21st, 22d and 23d, 1891, the collection was sold at auction 
in Philadelphia by Thomas Birch's Sons. The relics brought very high prices. 
This will was sold to Mr. Collins for $700. The original of the release of Roger 
Md Mildred Gregory here printed was In the same collection. The relics sold 

1891.] W^ilU of American Ancestors of Washington. 




were owned by Messrs. Lawrence Washington, Bushrod C. WaaWngton, Thomas 
B* Washington and J. H. C. Lewis. 

Mtjfh !*«*arch lias been made for about a dozen years for this orii^inal will 
of the Virffinift emigrant, John Washington. In 1878 Mr Jaraes Colt^inan. the 
well known gtMR'alogical hooksclU'i* iu Londoii, advtTtLsed for sale a deed of 
certain real estate in Loudon, from John Wikihiugton of London, eitlzen and 
draper, and Margaret his wife one of the daughters of Henry Hanvood, jrcnt., to 
Robert Ablxitt. citireu and scrivener. The deed was dated Jniie a, 1G57. A 
deed of n John Washin^on, dated lfi57, probably this one. came about 187d 
Into the poasciision of the late CoL Joseph L. Chester, "who conjectured that this 
John WaHliinpton niii^ht be the VirKiuia einiiarrant, yelling IjI.h property before 
Icanng F-ni^land, and an he knew his aiiceytiT» he wished to procure an auto- 
graph c»f tilt' end^^ratit, or a tracing of one, to compare with the sij^natxire to 
the deed. He wrote to Mr. Kobert A. Brock of Hkliiiiond, Vlri;inia, to the 
editor of the Register, and to others in this countrj', a^kin^ tiieni to assist 
him In proc^iring one. Mr. Brock had search made In the Westmoreland 
County Conrt House for the will, but neither the orifjinal nor the record %Yas 
to be found there. Bishop Meade in his. Old Chnrches, Ministers and Families 
In Vlrjrinia, published In 1857 (vol. 2, pii^re UJT), bad pnntMl an abstract of the 
will which wa* obtained from the papers at that Court House. Tiiis abstract 
mast have been made from tlie record, as we now know that the original will 
was then in the pfissession of the family. But even the record book could not 
then be found in the office; aud it was not discovered till last Decemlwr, when 
Mr. J. Warren Hntt, the clerk, found It. Re at once sent a copy to Mr. Mon- 
care D. Conway ami another to Mr, Isaac J. Greenwood. (See REOTHTKit, vol- 
45, pp. 1G4-5.) Mr. Conway conmiunicated his copy to the New York NaUnn, 
In which paper It waj^i printed December 18, 18t)0. Mr. Greenwood sent his 
copy to the editor of the Rkolstek. The record was much mutilated, portions 
of it being nussing. Before Mr, Greenwood's copy of the record could be 
printed, the editor was informed of Dr. Toner's copy from the original. In 
which the misHiug portions are all found; and he baa now the pleasure of lay- 
ing it before his readers with other iuteresting Washington documents. The 
date on the original will looks like 21th, and the recorder read the figures 21 ; 
bat Gen. Washington's minute Is *' IB^ Sep* lG7o." The record gives the date 
of probate "lO^^^Jana: U»77." 

This is the first time a perfect copy of the wll! has appeared In print. A fac- 
simile of the original was taken by the National Mnsenni In Washington, aud an- 
other Is given In Messrs. ThomasBlrch's Sons' sale catalogue, from which we 
have had photo-engravings made of a few lines of the closing portion with all 
the signatures ; of the mimite of the probate of the will ; aud of the endorsement 
by President Washington. The fac-simlles are given In the engraving facing 
page 19t),— Editoh.] 


The Will or Lawbexce WASHixaTON, Ehigrant. 

In the name of God, Amen. 

I, Lawrence Washington, of the county of Rapp*\ being sick & weak 
in body, but of sound and perfect memory, do m;ike & ordain this, my last 
will & tesUraent, hereby revoking, annulling, & making void all former 
wills and Coddicills, heretofore by me made, either by word or writing, & 
this only to be taken for my last will & testament. Imp*^* I give and be- 
queath my Boul into the hands of Almighty God, hoping and trusting 
through the mercy of Jesus Christ* my one Suvio'and redeemer, to receive 
full pardon & forgiveness of all mj sinna, aud my body to the earth, to be 
buried in comely <fe decent manner, by my Executrix hereafter named, ds 
for my wordly goods I thus dispose them. Item, 

I give and bequeath unto my loving daughter, Mary Washington, my 
whole estate in England, both real! and personal^ to her & the heirs of 
her body, lawfully begotten, forever, to be delivered into her pogsession 
imediately after my decease, by my Executrix hereafter named. I give 
and bequeath unto my aforea** daughter, Mary Washington, my smallest 
TOL. XLV. 19* 


Wills of American Ancestors of WashingiOfi* [July, 

stone ring & one Bilyer cup, now in my poBsefisioDT to her & Ler heirs, 
forever, to be dolivered to her i mediately after my decease. I give aod 
bequeath unto my loveing eon, John Washington, all my bookes to him & 
his heirs* forever, to he delivered to him when he shall come to the age of 
Twenty -on 6 yearea. I give and bequeath unto my son, John, & dauf^hter, 
Ann Washington, all the rest of my plate, hut what is before exprest to 
be equally divided belweeo them, & delivered into their possession when 
they come of age. 

Item* ray will is, that all my debts which of right & Justice I owe to 
any man bo Justly & truly paid, as allso my funeral! expenses, afler which 
my will is, that all my whole estate, both reail & personall, be equally 
devided between my loving wife, Jane Washington, & the two children 
God hath given me by her Viz' John & Ann Wjtshington. I give & be- 
queath it all to them, <fe the heires of their bodies, lawfully begotten^ forever, 
my sonii's part to be delivered to him when he comes of age, & my daughter's 
part when she comes of age or day of marriage, which shall first happen. 

Item, my will is, that that land which became duo to me in right of my 
wife, lying on the south side of the river, formerly belonging to Capt. 
Alexander Flemming, & commonly known by the name of West Falco, he 
sold by my Executrix hereafter named, for the payment of my debts, 
immediately after my decease. 

Item, my will is, that the laud I have formerly entred with Capt. W* 
Mosely» bo forthwith after my decease, surveyed & pattented by ray Exec* 
hereafter named, & if it shall amount to the quantity of one thousand acres^ 
then I give & bequeath unto Alexander Barrow, two hundred acres of the 
6* land, to him &; bis heires, forever, the remainder I give & bequeath 
unto ray loviug wife afores'S and two children, to them & their heires, for- 
ever, to be equally devided between them. 

Item, ray will is, that if it shall please God to take my daughter Mary 
out of this world before she come of age, or have heirs of her body, law- 
fully begolten, then I give & bequeath my land in England, which by my 
will I have given to her, unto my son, John Washington & his heirs. <& 
the personall estate which I have given to her, I give & bequeath the same 
unto my daughter, Ann Washington ^ her heires, forever. 

Item, I do hereby make «& ordain my loveing wife, Jane Washington, 
Executrix of this ray last will & testament, to see it performed, and I do 
hereby make & appoint my dear and loveing Brother Coll^ John Washing- 
ton, & my loveing friend Thomas Hawkins (in case of the death or neglect 
of my executrix), to be the overseers and guardians of my Children untill 
they come of age to the truth whereof I have hereunto sett my hand & 
seale, this 27'^ of September, 1G75. 

Lawrence Waseungton [Seale]. 

Signed, sealed & declared to be his last will & testament, 
in the p'sence of us, 

Cornelius Wood. 
John IJ. Barrow 
Henry Tandy, Jun'. 

A codiciJl of the last will & testament of Lawrence Washington, annex* 
to his will, iSc made September 27*^ 1G75. 

Item, my will is, that my part of the laud I now live upoD» wbieh became 

1891.] Wills of American Ajicesiors of Washington. 205 

due to me by marriAge of my wife, I leave it wholly & solely to her dlA- 
posall after my decease, at witnesa my hand, the day h year above written. 

Lawrence Washington [Seale]. 

Signed, sealed & declared to be a Codicil of my 
last will & tastmt in the p'sence of us. 
Cornelius Wood, 
Henry Tandy, Jun'', 
The above Henry Tandy, Jun', aged 17 yeares* or thereab*", sworn & 
examined, saith, that he did see the above named Lawrence Wiishington, 
sign, seale & publish the above mentionedt to be his last will <& testament, 
& that he was in perfect sence and memory at the signing, sealing & pub* 

■ Ushing thereof, to the best of your deponents Judgment. 
Henry Tandy, 

Jaratus est Henricus Tandy, in Cur Coud Rapp**' Sexto die, Jany, An* 
1677, P Sacrand pr** proba* at reo-dab'. 
■ Test 

K A Copy Teste Edm* Cbask, CI Cu' 

^H James Hot Micou, 

^^^L Clerk, Essex County Court, State of Virginia. 

H Will of Lawrence Washington, Son to John Washington. 

In The Name of God amen I Lawrence Washington of Washington 
Parish in the County of Westmoreland in Virgiuia Gentleman^ being of 
Good and perfect memory thanks he unto almighty God for it i& calling 
to mind the uncertain Estate of this Transitory life & that all Flesh must 
yield unto death when it shall please God to call me, doe make constitute, 
ordain & Declare this my last Will and Testament in manner and form 
following, revoking and annuling by these presents all and every Testa* 
ment & Testaments, will or wills heretofore by me matle and dcdared 
either by word or writing & this to be taken only for my hist will and 
Testament and none other, and first being heartily sorry from the bottom 
of my heart for my sins, most humhly desireing forgiveness of the same 
from the Almighty God my saviour & Redeemer in whome by the merits 
of Jesus Christ, 1 Trust and believe assuredly to be saved and to have full 
remission & forgiveness of all my sins and that my soul with my body at 
the General day of Resurrection shall rise again with joy, and through the 
Merits of Christs Death and passion, possess & Inherit the kingdom of 
Heaven prepared for his Elect & Chosen and my body to he buried if 
please God I depart in this County of Westmoreland by the side f>f my 
Father and Mother & neare my Brothers & Sisters & my Children, and 
now for the selling of my Temporal Estate and such goods Chatties & 
Debts as it hath pleased God far alx»v6 my desarts to bestow upon me I 
doe ordain give and bequeath the same in manner and form following: 

Imprimis I will that aU those Debts and dues that I owe in right or 
Concience to any manner of Person or Persons whatsoever shall be well 
contented & paid or ordained or demanded to be paid by my Executors or 
Ex^ hereafter named. 

Iiem I give and bequeath to my well beloved friends M' William Thomp- 
too dk & AP Samuel Thompson, each of them a mourning Ring of Thirty 
shillings Value each ring; Item I give and bequeath to my Godson Law- 


^fJbntrkmn Aneestor* of Washingt&n* [Jtilj, 

recce Bull yonng mare & two Cows; Ituro I giv« sjod b^neatli bo 

my Siate*" WirtU tbiMrea* aoe ntao servftnt a piece of four or fit« 

ye*« to r Three Thousand pc^unJa of Tobacco to purchaAe the 

i&me^ to jrcd or paid to them when ibtjy arrive to the »g© of 

Twenty , Item I give acd be^jaeath to mj Sister Le^is m mom- 

ing writi ' §hllUtigB price. Item I give my Cuz: John Washington 

See: of Coooty all my wearing appareh Item I give ui* to my 

Coxen ^k^MM. tiiDglODi Eldest Son Lawrence Washington my God^Q 

one mai al foitr or five years to serve or Three Thousand pounds 

of Tob( rehftse llie iame ; to lie paid him when be come« to the 

age of J te y««?l old; Item I give to my godsons Lawrerjce Btitler 

& Lewii fc that tract of Land adjoining npon Mend*h Edward's and 

Daniel \ siiig Two hundred iind seventy five acres of Land to be 

equally ( 1 ..etween thorn and their heirs forever: Item I give to th© 

up[^r a rched of Wushii»gto arish, eacb of tliem a Pulpett 

Cloth d H it la my will to ive a Funeral sermon at the 

Church, ann ui iibtd tione other Funet to exceed Three Thousand 
pounds of 1 U?m it is my will auer my Debia & Legacies pald^ 

that my ] S be equally divided into four parts: my loving wife 

Blildre^ * have one part, mj Son John Washinfjlon to have 

another lugnttin Wafihbgtoti to have another Part and my 

Dfliigbte* *ve the oth«r nart: be delivered to them in specie 

when til ^ 3ne years old : Item I give to 

my aon . where I now live, and that 

whole trati, - tt SJachodock, extending to a 

place crtllwl i >n I bjive thereunto made of 

William W i u iIil >iid his heirs forever. Item I 

give and bequeath unio my oon Angusune Washington all the Dividend 
of Land that I bought of M' Robert Lesson's Children in England Lying 
in Mattox, between my Brother & M' Baldridge's Land where M' Daniel 
Lesson formerly lived, by Estimation 400 acres to him and his heirs for- 
ever, as Likewise that Land that was M' Richard Hilts; Item I give and 
bequeath unto my said Son Augustine Washington, all that Tract of Land, 
where M' Lewis Markham, now lives after the said Markham's & his now 
wife's decease, by Estimation 700 acres more or less to him and his heirs 
forever. Item I give and bequeath my Daughter Mildred Washington all 
my Land in Stafford County, lying upon hunting creek, where M" Eliza- 
beth Minton & M" Williams now lives by Estimation 2500 acres to her 
and her heirs forever. Item I give my water mill to my son John Wash- 
ington to him and his heirs forever. Item it is my will and desire if either 
of my children should die before they come to age or day of marriage, his 
or her personal Estate be equally divided between the two survivors and 
their Mother ; Item it is my will and desire if all my children should die 
before they come of age or day of Marriage, that my Brothers children 
shall enjoy all their estate real, Except that Land that I bought of M' 
Robert Lesson's children, which I give to my loving wife and her heirs 
forever, and the rest as aforesaid to them and their heirs forever ; Item I 
give my personal Estate in case of all my children s death as above said, to 
be equally divided between my wife and Brothers Children, my wife to 
have the one half; Item I give that Land which I bought of my Brother 
Francis Wright, being 200 acres lying near Storkes Quarter, to my Son 
John Washington and his heirs forever. Item It is my desire that my 
estate should not be appraised but kept entire and delivered them as above 

1891,] Wills of American Ancestors of Washington, 207 

given according to time & my Chil«iren to continue under the care iSk Tuiion 
of their Mother till they come of age or diiy of marriage, and she to have 
the profits of their estates, toward the bringing of them up and keeping 
them at school ; Item 1 doe ordain and appoint my Cozen John Washing- 
ton of Stafford and my friend M' Samuel Thompson my Executors, and 
my loving wife Mildred Washington my Executrix of this my last will & 
teatament. In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and Scale 
this 11"* day of March Anno Dom 169 J. 

Lawrence Washington [Seal]. 
Signed Seald Declared & pronounced in presence of us, 

Rob* Redman, 

George Weedon, 

Thomas Howes, 

John Rosier. 
Westmoreland Set:- — 

At a Court held for the said County the 30**^ day of March 16D8. 
The Last will and Testament of Lawrence Washington Gent dene, with- 
in written was |»roved by the oalhs of George Weedoo, Thomas Howes^ & 
John Rosier Three of the witnesses thereto subscribed, and a probate thereof 
Granted to Samuel Thompson Gent one of the Executors therein named, 
and the will ordered to be recorded. 

I Teste James Westcomb C. W. C. 

A Copy 
Teste J. Warren Hutt, Clk. 
of the County Court of Westmoreland C*. V*. 

Release of tqe Hunting Creek or Mount Vernon Estate. 

This Indenture made the Sevententh Day of J^Iay in the thirteenth 
year of the Reign of Our Sovereign Lord George by the grace of God 
King Defender of the Faith &* and in the year of our Lord God One 
Thousand seven hundred Twenty six Between Roger Gregory of Stratton- 
Major. Parish in King and Queen County Gent of the one part and 
Augustine Washington of 'Washington Parish in Westmort?land County 
Gent of the other part Wiltnesseth that the paid Roger Gregory and 
Mildreil his wife for divers good causes & conciderations him thereunto 
moving but more Especially for and in Concideralion of the sum of one 
Hundred ic eighty pounds Sterling money of Greiit Brittain»^ — to him in 
hand paid at and before the Ensealing atid Delivery of these presients the 
raoeipt wherof the said Roger Gregory and Mildred his wife Doth hereby 
acknowledge and himself therew'tb to be Fully Satisfied and contented 
and Paid and thereof and every part and Parcel thereof doth fully and 
absolutely acquit Eihonerate and Discharge htm the Said Aug' Washing- 
ton his Heirs Execu" aivd Adm** and every of them by these Present! 
Hath Granted, Bargained Sold Remised Released Alienated, Eutfeeofted 
and confirmed and by these presents Doth Grant Bargain Sell Remise Re- 
lease Alien Entfeeftee confirm unto the said Aug* Washington his Heirs 
Eiecu** Adm*" and Assig* for ever. He being in the actual Possession 
thereof by virue of a Lease thereof made by the said Roger Gregory and 
Mildred his wife bearing Date the Day before the Date of these Presents 
and by virtue of the statute for transfering usses into Possession all that 
certain tract or Parcel of Land situate Lying and Being in the Parish of 

208 Wilh of American Ancestors of Washington* [JiJy, 

Overwharton — in the Goanty aforettid* Bebg by Estimation two thooeand 
& Five hundred acres a moietiie or half of five thousand acres formerly 
Lay'** out for Coll" Nicholas Spencer & the iHther of Cap' Lawrence Wash- 
ington and Bounded as followeth Begining by the River Side at the Mouth 
of Little Hunting Creek and Extending up the Said Creek according to the 
several ooarsos and Meanders thereof niue hand red Eighty and Six Poles 
to a mark*^ A Comer Tree standing on the west side the South Branch 
being the main branch of the said Hunting Creek From iheae by a Lyne 
of mark'** trees west Eighteen Degrees South across the Woods to the 
Dividing Lyne as Formerly made Between Madam Francis Spencer and 
Cap' Lawrence Washington and from thence W**' the said Lyne to y' 
River and with the River and all the Courses atid Meanders of the said 
River to the Mouth of the Creek afor"** Together with all Houses Out- 
bouses Gardens Orchards Fences Meadows Pastures Feedings Woods 
underwoods Swamps marshes Way" Waters Watercourses and all other 
Emoluments Herediteriments and appertenances to the Said granted 
Premisses belonging or in any wise appertaining with all the Estate Right 
Title Interest Claim and Demand Whatsoever of him the said Roger 
Gregory or Mildred his wife of in & unto the said granted Premises and 
every part therof w**"^ the appurtenances to the said granted Premisses and 
reversion and remainder yearly and other rents and Profits of the Premisses 
and every part and Parcell thereof To have and to hold the said two 
thousand & five hundred acres of Land together w'*^ all the Rights Titles 
Benefitt Property Interest, Claim and Demand whatsoever of in and to the 
said Lands <Sc Premises hereby granted sold demised released & confirmed 
and mentioned or intended to be herein granted Bargined Sold Remised 
Released & Confirmed and every part and Parsel thereof w'^ their and 
every of their appertenances unto the said Augustine Washington his Heirs 
forever to the only Proper use and behoof of the said Augustine Washing- 
ton and his heirs and assignes forever to be holden of the chief Land or 
Lands of the fee or fees of the Premises by the Rules & services for the 
same due & accustomed to be paid and the said Roger Gregory and Mildred 
his wife for themselves their heirs Exec'" and Adm*" Doth covenant and 
w''' the said Aug* Washington his Heirs & Assig* by these Presents that 
the said Roger Gregory and Mildred his wife now is and standith Right- 
fully seisetl of and in the said two thousand & five hundred acres of Land 
and Premises w*'*" their appertenances of a good sure perfect <fe Indefeasable 
Estate in Fee simple and now hath good Rightful powers and Lawful 
anthoriiy to grant and convey the said Land & Premises unto tlie said 
Augustine Washington and his heira according to the purport True intent 
and meaning of these Presents and that it shall and may be Lawful to and 
for the said Aug* Washington his Heirs and assg*' from time to time and 
at all times forever hereafter Peaseably & C^uietly to have hold Possess 
ocupy & enjoy the said two thousand & five htiadred acres of Land w*''* 
their and every of their appertenances vv*"^out the Lott Suit Trouble 
molestation or Interuption of him the said Roger Gregory & Mildred his 
wife their Heirs Execu***" Adm**°" or Assigns or any of them or any other 
Person or Persons Lawfully claiming or to claim from by or under them 
or either of them and the said Roger Gregory & Mildred his wife for 
themselves their heirs Execu*^ & Adm'*' Doth coviuent and agree to and 
w'^'* the said Augustine Washington his heirs & Asaig'* by these presents 
that ho the said Roger Gregory and Mildred his wife their Heirs Eixecn'*** 
Adm'*" and assig'* shall and will at any time or times hereafter During the 

1891.] Wiits of American Ancealors of 'Washington, 209 

space of years next Ensuing the Date hereof upon the request and 

at the Charges in the Law of the said Angs* Wiishiiigton his heirs or assig'* 
do make and Execute or cause or procure to be done made or Executed all 
and every such further and other act and acts conveyance & conveyances 
in the Law whrUsoever for the further and better conveying and assuring 
the said two thousand & five hundred acres of Land & Freniises with their 
appurtenances unto the said Augustine Washington bis heirs and aasig** 
forever as by the Counsel! Learned in the Law of the said Augustine 
Washington hia heirs or aasif^s shall be Reasonable Devised advised or 
required 8oe aa the Parties Required to do the same be not compelled to 
travell above Fifty miles from the place or places of their abode for the 
doing thereof Wiltnesa whereof the Parties to this Indenture have Inter' 
cbangeably hereunto set their hands and seals this Day and year first above 
written — Roo' Gregory [ ] 

Mildred Gregory [ ] 
Signed Seard <& De^ In Freaenoe of 

W*" Aylctt J^ 

John Washington 

Lawz Butler 

[mmedlately below the text and signatures of the 
same hand-writing the following]— 

ndenturc is recorded In 

The corses of Spencers Land and mine on Little Hunting Creek begio- 
QiDg at y" moutli of Little Hunting Extending up y* s'*^ Creek 986 poles 
thence by a marked Line of trees VV 188-H cross y* main wood, a mapel 
■tanding on y* E. side of y* main braiitch of Dague run 720 p thence Down 
y* said Bruntch & Creek 1128 p p^ toy* mouth of y* s''* Creek thence 
along y^ river to y' begining. 

I [Endorsed in Gen^ Washington's hand- writing J — 

^k Rog' A; Mild'^ Gregory* 

^^^^^^^^ Release to 

^^^^^^B Augua^ Washington 

^^^^'^ 17*" May 1726 

H [Benei 
^M the exec 

^^ Mera 

[Beneath this endorsement Is the following of a probable current date with 
the execution of the ladenture.] 

Merandom thos Leews & Relea was acknowledged at y* Jeneral Court 
by Roflger Gregory & Mildred his wife in ApriH 1726. 

[The document Is written on two large slieettt of paper f aj*tened together with 
wafers. To each 8ig:natnre is attached. In sealing wax, an ImpresHlnn of a seal 
which may be heraldic but cannot be called so with confldence. The design is 
a bloodhoand on scent, who stands on what umy be u wreath, but perhaps la 
only meant for a support to hia feet. A photo-engraving of this seal will be 
foond in the llltistratlon facing page 199.] 

Will of Adoustike Washington, Father to General George 


In the name of God, Amen, 
I Augnstine Washington of the County of King George^ — Gentleman 
being sick and weak but of perfect and disposing eence and memory, Do 
make my last will and Testament in manner following hereby revoking all 
former will or will* whatao^yer by me heretofore made. 

Will 8 of American Aneedora of W<i»h%ngton. [JiJji 

Imprimis ;^ — I give unto my Son Lawrence Washington and his beire 
forever all that platitatiun atid tract of Land at Hunting Creek in the 
County of Prince William containing bj estimate, two tbou&and and five 
hundred acres with the Water Mill adjoining thereto or l^ing near the 
aame and all the Slaves, Cattle and Stocks of all Kinds what«oever and a.1] 
the Household Furnature whatsoever now in and upon or which have been 
commonly posseted by my said boo, together with the said plantation track 
of Land and MilL 

Item, — I give unto my son Augustine Wafihington and his heir» forever 
all my lands in the County of Westmoreland except such only as are here- 
inafter otherwise disposed of together with twenty five head of neat Cattle 
forty hogs and twenty sheep and a negro man named Frank besides those 
negroes formerly given him by his mother. 

Item, — ^I give unto my said son Augustine three young working Slaves 
to be purchased for him out of the first profits of the Iron Works after my 

Item,— I give to my son George Washington and his heirs the land I 
now live on which I purchased of the Executors of Mr W*" Strother de- 
ceased. And one, one moiety of my land lying on Deeps Run and ten 
negro Slaves* 

Item, — I give unto my son Samuel Washington and his heirs my land 
at ChoUtnk in the County of Stafford containing about six hundred acres 
and also the other moity of ray land lyif^g on Deeps Run. 

Item, — I give unto my son John Washington and his heirs my Land at 
the head of Maddox in the County of Westmoreland containing about 
seven hand red acres. 

Item, — I give unto my son Charles Washington and his heirs the land I 
purchased of my son Lawrence Washington whereon Thomas Lewis now 
lives, adjoining to my said son Lawrence's land alwve devised. I also give 
unto my said son Charles and his heirs the Land I purchased of Gal*riel 
Adams in the County of Prince William containing about seven hundred 

Item, — It is my will and desire that all the rest of my negroes not herein 
particularly devised may be equally divided between my wife and my three 
sous Samuel, rlithn aod Charles, and that Ned, Jack, Bob, Sue, and Lucy 
may be included in my wife's part, which part of my said wife's, after her 
decease I ilesire may he equally divided between my sons George, Samuel, 
John and Charles, and the part of my said negroes so devised to my wife 
I mean and itoteud to be in full satisfaction and in lieu of her dower iu my 
negroes* But if she shoubl insist notwithstanding on her right of Dower 
in my negroes I will and tJesire that so many as may be wanting to make 
up her share may be taken out of the negroes given hereby to my sons 
George, Samuel, John and Charles. 

Item, — I give and berjueath unto my said wife and my four sons George, 
Samuel, John and Charles, all the rest of my Personal EsUite to be equally 
divided between them which is not particularly bequeathed by this will to 
my wife and it is my will and desire that rny said four sons Estates may be 
kept in my wife's hands until they respectively attain the age of twenty 
one years, in case my said wife continues so long unmarried but in case she 
should happen to marry before that time I desire it may be in the power of 
my Executors to oblige her husband from time to time as they shall think 
proper to give security for the performance of this my last will in paying 
and delivering my said four sons their Estates respectively as they come 

[merncan Ancestors oj 

of age, or on failure to give auch security to take my said sods trnd tlieir 
Qfitates out of the custody and tuition of my said wife and her liuabaud.^ — 

Item, — I give and l>equeath onto my said wife the crops made at Bridge 
Creek, Chotank, and Rappahanock quarters at the time of my decase for 
the support of herself and her children and I desire my wif© may have the 
liberty of working my land at Bridge Creek Quarters for the time of Five 
yenra next after my decease^ during which time she may fijc a quarters on 
Deeps Run. 

Item,— I give to my eon Lawrence Washington and the heirs of bis body 
lawAilly begotten forever that tract of Land I purchased of Mr. James 
Hooe luljoining to the said Lawrence Washington's laud on Maddox in the 
County of Westmoreland which I gave him in lieu of the land my said son 
bought for me in Prince William County of Spencer and Harrison and for 
want of such heirs then I give and devise the same to my sou Augustine 
and his heirs forever. 

Item, — I give to my said son Lawrence all the right title and interest I 
have to in or out of the iron Works in which I am concerned in Virginia 
aod Maryland provided that be do and shalK out of the profits rait^ed there- 
by purchase for my said sou Augustine three young working staves as I 
have herein before directed and also pay my daughter Betty when she 
arrives at the age Eighteen years the sum of four hundred pounds which 
right title and interest on the oonditiou aforesaid I give to my said sou 
Lawrence and his heirs forever. 

Item, — I give to my said daughter Betty a negro child named Mary 
daughter of Sue and an other named Betty daughter of Judy»— 

Item, — It is my will and desire that my sous Lawrence and Augustine 
do pay out of their respective Estates devised to them one half or moity of 
the debts I justly owe and for that purpose I give and bequeath unto my 
said two sons one half of the debts and owing to me. — 

Item, — For as much as my several children in this will mentioned being 
of several venters cannot inherit from one another in order tu make a 
proper provision against their dying without issue It is my will and desire 
that in case my son Lawrence should die without heirs of his body lawfully 
begotten that then the land aiid Mill given him by this my will lying in 
the county of Prince William shall go and remain to my son George and 
his heirs but in case my son Augustine should chooise to Imve the said lands 
rather than the lands be holds in Maddox either by this will or any Settle- 
ment. Then I give and devise said lands in Prince William to my said 
BOD Augustine and hi.s heirs on his conveying the said lands in Maddox to 
my said sou George and his heirs. And in case my said son Augustine 
shall happen to die without issue of his bfwly lawfully begotten, then I 
gve and bequeath all the said lands by him held in Maddox to my son 
George and his heirs and if both sons Lawrence and Augustine should 
happeo to die without issue of their several bodies begotten then my will 
and desire is that my son George and his heirs may have his and their 
choice either to have the lands of my sou Lawrence or the lauds of my sou 
Augustine to hold to him and his heirs and the land of such of my said 
tooa Lawrence or Augustine as shall not be so chosen by my son George 
or his hairs shall go to and be equally divided among my sons Samuel^ 
John and Charles and their heirs share and share alike and in case my son 
George by the death of both or either of my sons Lawrence and Augustine 
should according to this my intention come to be possessed of either their 
laodi then my will and deaire is that said lauds hereby deviled to my said 

VOL. XLY. 20 


h of American AnceHor* of Waahin^on. [July* 

son Gk 

my SOI 
and in 
oat isi 
this m; 
tnie lu. 
may ha 
dying v 
of thei 
and A 

day 01^ 

Signed Beale 
in the presenAf 



liie heirs ahoitlil go over and be eqaallj divided between 
L John and Charles and their heirs> sbare &tid sbftre alike 
ny cbitdroM by my present wife ibould ba|>[i«ii to die with- 
t:*Ir bodies, Tlien my will and desire is that all tb© laitds by 
i»ed to atjy of nay said children fihould go to my sous 
Lawrence if liring and to their beira or if one of them 
widxout iftiUQ ibeo to the survivor awd hi§ heirs. But my 
me&Ding h tbat ^ach of my cbildreo by my present wife 
lands id feu simple upon the contingency of their arriviDg 
uriug heirs of their bodies lawfully begotten or on their 
;e and without lawful isan© their several jjarts to descend 
ib^r according to their course of descent and the remainder 
}f their land in this clause mentioned to my song Lawrence 
)r the Burvivora of them la only upon the contingency of all 
..IV preiaeDt wife dying under age and without iegue 

\0e and Augustine or either of them, 
and appoint my eon Lawrence Washiogton and my 

Larity and Nathaniel Chapman — Gentleman Execu* 

t and Teatament^ — 
** *i i have hereunto set my hand and Seal the Eleventh 


AuGPsTrnfi WAseniaToii [L. S,] 



Provided further that if my lands at Chotank devised to my son Samuel 
should by course of law be taken away then I give to the said Samuel in 
lieu thereof a tract of Land in Westmoreland County where Benjamin 
Wicks and Thomas Finch now live by estimation seven hundred acres. 

Item — I bequeath to my son George one lot of land in the town of 
Fredericksburg which I purchased of Col John Walton also two other lota 
in the said town which I purchased of the Executors of Colo Henry Willis 
with all the Houses and appurtenances thereunto belonging. — 

And whereas some proposals have been made by Mr Anthony Strother 
for purchasing a piece of land where Matthew Tiffy lately lived now if my 
Executors shall think it for the benefit of my said son George then I here- 
by empower them to make conveyance of the said land and premices to the 
said Strother. 

In witness whereof I have hereunto Set my hand and seal this eleventh 
day of April 1743 

AuGusTiNB Washington [L. S.] 

Signed sealed and Published 
in the presence of us 

Robert Jackson 
Anthony Strother 
Jas Thompson 

At a court held for King Greorge County the 6**^ day of May 1743 
The last will and testament of Augustine Washington Gent'° deceased 
was presented into Court by Lawrence Washington Grent"" one of the 

1891.] Wills of American Ancestors of Washington, 213 

f Executors who made oath thereutito and the same was proved by the oath 
of Abthonj Strother and Jnmes Thompson admitted to Record 
A Copy Teste 
Harbt TnaNKR — Clerk 

"Will of La^wrence Washington, IIalf-Brotoer to George 


Id the name of God Amen, I Lawrence Washington of Truro parish in 
Fairfax County and Colony of Virginia Gent, Knowing the uncertainty 
of this transitory life, and being in sound and deapoaing mind and memory 
do make this my laat Will and Testament, hereby revoking and disainiul- 
ling, all other wills and Testaments by me at any time heretofore made. 

Imprimis my will and desire is that a proper vault for Interment nmy be 
DQAde on my home plantation wherein my remains together with my three 
children may be decently placed, and to serve fur my wife and such other 
of the family as may desire it.^ — 

Item my will and desire is that my funeral charges and respective debts 
be first paid and discharged, out of such of my personal Estate as my 
Executors hereinafter to be be named Shall think best and most advisable 
to be disposed of for that purpose. — 

Item my will and desire is that my loving wife have the use benefit and 
profits of all my Lands on Little Hunting and Doegs Creeks, in the parish 
of Truro and Cuujity of Fairfax with all the Houses and Edifices during 
her natural life, likewise the use labour and profits arising from the one 
half of all my Negroes, as my said wife and Executors may agree in divid- 
ing them, negro Moll and her issue, to be included in my wife's part of the 
said Negroes. I also devise that my said wife may may [jiV] have the use 
of the Lands surveyed on the south fork of Bull Skin, in die County of 
Frederick, during her natural Life. But in case of my daughter Surah 
dying without issue before her said Mother then I give and devise my 
Boid Bull Skin tract, to my said wife, to lier and her Heirs for ever. — 

Item it is my will and desire that all my Flousebold gouds, and furnatnre 
with the Itcjuors be appraised and valued by three persons to be chosen by 
my wife and Executors and that my wife have tlie liberty to choose any 
part of the said Househohl goods, and furnature to the amount of a full 
moiety of the wholo sum which they shall be appraised to. Which part f 
give ami bequeath to her and her heirs for ever; the other moiety to be 
sold and the money arising applied towards the payment of my debts. — 

Item What I have herein devised and lefl to my vvife I intend to he iu 
Lieu, and instead, of her right of Dower, provided my wife according to her 
promise, sells her several tracts of Land near Salisbury Plains, and applys 
the said money to the discharge of my debts due at the time of my death; 
But in Case of her refusal then my will is that all my Household furnature 
be sold, and the whole amount to he applied towards ihe discharge of my 
debts — 

Item I give and bequeath to my Daughter Sarah and the heirs of her 
body lawfully begotten forever after my just debts are discharged all my 
real and personal Estate, in Virginia and the Provence of Maryland not 
otherwise disposed of. But in case it shall please God my said Daughter, 
should die without issue, it is then my will and desire my Estate both real 
and personab be disposed of in the following manner 

214 Wtlh of American Ancestors of Washington, [July, 

/Yrif I give atid bequeath to my loving brother AugostiDe Wftshington 
and his heirs forever all my stocks, Interest and Estate in the PrlndpiOt 
Accokeck. Kingsbury, Lancashire, and N® East Iron works in Virginia 
and Maryland reserving one third of the profits of said works to be paid 
to my wife, as hereinafter mentioned, and two tracts of Land lying and be- 
ing in Frederick County which I purchased of Col Creeap and Gerrard 
Peitdergrftsa. — 

Second I give and beqneath unto my loving brother George Washington 
and his heirs forever, after the decease of my wife all my lauds in Fairfax 
County with the improvements thereon, and fnrther it is my will and de- 
sire, that during the natural life of my wife, that my said brother George 
shall have the use of au equal Share and proportion of all the Lands here- 
after given and devised unto my brother Samuel, John and Charles. — 

Third I give and betjueath ail those Several tracts of Land which I am 
possessed of and claim in the County of Frederick (except the tract on the 
south Fork of Bull-Skin, bequeath<?d to my wife and the two tracts par- 
chased of €♦»! Cresap and Gerrard Pendergraas devised to my brother 
Augustine) unto my brother Sumuel, John and Charles, reserving as above 
an equal proportion for my brother George provided they Samuel, John or 
Charles pay or cause to be paid unto my and their sister Betty Lewia the 
sum of One hundred and fifty pounds. — 

Fourth my wilt also is that upon the death of my or all of my said 
Brothers George, Samuel, John and Charles, dying without lawful issae, 
such Lands as was given them or any of them in case of my said Daughter's 
demise as aforesaid, Vj become the property and right of my brother 
Augustine and his heirs. — 

i'ly^/i my further will and desire is that after the demise of ray said wife 
the Negro woman Moll and her increase be given unto my said brother 
Augustine his Heirs Adinors &c. and likewise give him an equal proportion 
with his other brothers, of the other part of the Negroes, and personal 
Estate upon their paying my said wife One Hundred pounds sterling, my 
intent and meaning is that the said one hundred jKiunds sterling be paid by 
my said brothers, to my said wife immediately or soon after it may please 
God to remove by death my said Daughter — 

Item I further give and bequeath unto my loving wife during her natural 
life, one full third part of the profits from the share I hold in all the 
several Iron works both in the Colony of Virginia and Maryland to be paid 
unto my said wife from time to time by my Executors immediately upon 
notice given them by the partners residing in England of the annual amount 
of the profits to be paid either in bills or cash at the current exchange at 
she shall choose — 

Item I give unto my brother John Washington, Fifty pounds in lieu of 
the Land, taken from him by a suit at Law Cap* Maxm"^ Robinson, after 
my debts are paid. 

Itsm my will and desire is that my two Tracts of Land one joining my 
wife's Tract, near Salisbury plain, the other on a branch of Goose Creek 
being three huudre*! and three acres, my two Lots in the town of Alexan- 
dria with the edifices thereon and my Share and Interest in the Ohio Com- 
pany, all be sold by my Executors and the money applied toward discharge 
ing my debts, also my arrears of half pay, which Col" Wilson the agent 
or Mr Stuart his kinsman, and clerk be addressed for and the money 
applied to the same use. 

Item whereas the purchasing Negroes and Land may greatly tend to the 


1891.] Deposition of Thomas Pound the Pirate. 




advantage of my Daughter, I therefore fully empower my Executors to 
lay out the profit of ray Estate, or any part thereof \n Lauds and Negroes 
at their discression, i. e* I meau such part of the Estate as I have devised 
to my Daughter Sarah which said several purchases in case of her discease, 
without issue shall be deemed and counted personal Estate, and be accord- 
ingly erjually divided among my brotliers a^ above provided.^ — 

Item I also desire my just suit of Complaint at Law depending against 
Gersham Keyes of Frederick County for breach of trust be effectually 
prosecuted by my Eiecntors*^- 

Itaa it is furtlierraore my will and desire that all my estate be kept to- 
gether till the debts are discharged. — 

Stem I give to my wife, my Mother in Law and each of my Executors a 
I mourning ring. — 

I Lastly I constitute and appoint the Honb* William Fairfax and George 

I Fairfax Esqr'* my said Brother Augustine and George Washington, and 

1 my esteemed friends Mr Nathaniel Chapman and Maj^ John Carlyle 

I Executors of this my lust will and testament* whereof I have hereunto set 

I uij hand and Scale this twentieth day of June one thousand seven hundred 

I and fifty two in the 26*^ year of his Majesty King George the Second's 

reign. — Lawbence Washington [Seal]. 

Signed Sealed & published 
n in the presence of us 

K W*" Waite 

^■^ Jn« North 

^^^H Andrew yf Warren 

^^^H Joseph Gouud 

^^^ At a court held for Fairfax County September the 2^^ 1752 This last 
^P will and teaLiment of Lawrence Wasliington Gea' deceased was presented 
^ in court by the Honb" William Fairfax and George William Fairfax Esqr" 
John Carlyle and George Washington Gen* four of the Executors therein 
named who made oath thereto according to Law, and being proved by the 
oaths of William Waite, John North and Andrew WarreQ three of the 
witnesses is admitted to record, — 

And the same Executors performing what is usual in such cases, Certifi- 
cate is granted them for obtaining a probate in due form. 

Test John Graham C. 

A Copy Test W" Moss C. 
Copy Test 

F. W. Richardson— Clerk 


Conuunnicfttea by John S. IL Fogg, M.D., of South Boston, Ma.^s, 

The following is a copy of the Deposition of Thomas Pound, who, 
with Thomasi Hawkins and others, was executed for piracy. The 
Deposition gives a detailed account of the voyage and captures made 
by Hawkins's boat from the time she "tooke water at the South End 
of the town neer the Signe of the Bull,'' until she was captured by 

VOL. XLV. 20* 



216 Deposition of Thomas Pound the Pirate, t^VLtji 

the sloop Mary commanded by Capt. Samuel Pexise. The Deposi- 
tion of a portion of the company of Capt. Pease's sloop is printed 
io the Registkr, Vol. 11. , page 393. But I am not aware that 
this Deposition of Poimd's, to which is also appended the brief 
examination of William Dun, Daniel Landor, Samuel Watts and 
William Warren, has been printed* These "Exarainants" were 
convicted and executed, with Johnson, Buck, Sickadan and Griffin, 
who are mentioned in the Deposition. An interesting account of 
this piratical expedition is given in considerable detail by Drake in 
hie Iliistory of Boston, page 490. 

Boston 19**' Octob' 1689. 
Thomas Pouud Examined Saitli, That about tho Eighth or Tenth 
day of Aui^ust last past iu the present year, 1(»89, this Exaniinant together 
with twelve men more vizi Tho. Hawkin3<» Thomii^ iohngou, Henry Dip- 
per, Richard GniRii, Riolinrt] Hodges, Elenzer Buck, William Dun, Daniel 
Landf^r, Samuel Watts, William Warren, Johti Sickadan luid Benj* Blake 
a Boy, 8cv«n of them lueiug Armed, went off from Boatoa in Thomas 
Hawkins his Bout, tooke water at the South End of the Town neer the 
Signe of the Bull, haveinu; agreed and combined together, to take the first 
Vesseil they shuuld come up vvithaM and go away to the West Indies to 
make a Voyage against the tfrench, went from Biistoii upon a Thursday 
about one aclock in the moniing, and Say ted into the Bay, and the next 
day l^eing Friday ahout three aclock Spake w"'. a Sloop belonging to 
Naiitasket, and bought some ffisli of the men that Say led in said Sloop, 
when they came neer up with said Sloop, they kept all the men in Hawkins 
hia Boat close save fEve who pretendefl to he atfishing, two or three houres 
afterward they came up with a fK&hing Katch belonging to Salem one Chard 
master, and boarded her, ami tooke the said Katch, and put three of the 
Katches men into Hawkins hii; Boat and sent them on shoar, the other two 
of tlie Katches men were willing to Stay ami go in the Katch, 

The Examiu't further Saith that they »Saile(i with said Katch to Casco 
to water, and upon arrival there two of the Garrison Souldiers came off in 
a Canoe on hoard the Kateh and toh? us they would go along with us, viz*. 
Jn". Lord & James Daniel, and said they would go ashoar and fetch some 
more men, and accordingly in the night the said two men with tiive more 
came on board the Katch bringing with them their Cloths and Arnies and 
So they Sayled with said Katch the same day from Casco toward Cape 
Cod, aud came to anchor off the highland of the Cape, and rode all night, 
the next murning they Espyed a Sloop at anchor neer to them, and sent 
our Boat with seven or Eight armed luen and tooke the said Sloop whereof 
one Stephen Cross was master, the Sloop belonged to Piscataqua and was 
laden with deule boards, and then this Pjxamiti't and his Company weut into 
said Sloop, and put the Sloop's Company into the Katch and sent them 
away. And put in with said Sloop to Cape Cod, and st>me of the Company 
went ashore (whereof Tho: Hawkins was one), and killed flour Shoats, and 
wooded and watered, and then Sayled to Martyn's Vineyard Sound, and on 
or al)Oiit the twentyeth day of August met with a Briganteeu belonging to 
Newbury, John Kent master from New Yorke, awd sent the Boat with 
ffour or tHve hands on board satd Briganteeu, and brought ht*r neer to o'. 
Sloop't Bide, out of which Brigaiiteen wee tooke Eighteen hulfe barrels of 
Flower, two hogsheads of Sugar and one hogBhead of Rhumj and three 

1891.] Deposition of Thomas Pound the Pirate, 


small Armed and bo dismist the BriganteeD. After which Sayling through 
the Sotiiid the wind blowing bard at North North East wee were forced to 
Virgiuia and went iuto Yorka Eiver where wee were kept by Easterly 
wiods Seven or Eight dayes, two Euglish men and a Negro ciiaie on hoard 
us in a Float and came awaj with us: the said men brought with tlmin a 
peice of hlack Searge and some yards i>f Linnen C]ot!i and an old Miaou 
Saile and sorEe Gaules, tlie men were named John G id ins and Edward 
Browne, From Virgiuia wee came buck iuto the Sound, and at Tarpolin 
Cove met with a Barque belonging to Sulem riding in said Cove Wiliiam 
Lord master, and went on board her and huught an Anchor of him for 
which paid a Caske of Sugar about ff'our hundred weight and sold to said 
Lord y* Negro wee brought from Virginia at the price of twelve pounds 
for which he drew a bill upon Blaney at Elizabeth* Island. Then wee 
came over the Sholea in company of Lord's Banjul aa far as Cape Cod, 
and the Boat going on slmare there Hawkins left us. Afterwards upon a 
Saturday night ahimt three weekes since wee Espyed a Sloop and weighed 
and gave cbace lo her and brought her to anchor onder the CajH3, who said 
they came from Fensilvania, enquired of them whither or no they had any 
Porke on board, they saying that they had none wee dismist them, and wee 
went back again over the Sholej^, and at Homes his Hole met with a Sloop 
riding there one John Picket master from new London (as he said) out of 
which Slooj} wee tooke thirty nine barrells of Porke and Beife^ Seven 
6rkin8 of Butter, Thirteen cheeses, three barrels of Indian Corn and Eight 
bushells of Peiise. From thence wee removed to Tarpohn Cove, there lay 
about fforty Eight houres intending for Corazo, and upon ffriday the fiburtb 
day of October iuatant, Cap"" Samuel Pease Cofiiander of a Sloop from 
Boston came up towards us, and wee came to Saile, and stood away, but 
Cap**" Pease out Sayled us and fired severall Shot towards us but did not 
strike our Vessel!, wee descried their King's Jack before they tfired; after 
wee had received severall Shot from the s"^ Sloop there was a red fflagg put 
up at the head of our MaM, and our men fired at them, and wee continued 
fireing one at another about the space of an hour, this Examinant received 
two Shot one under his Ribs and another in the Arme, ffour of our men 
were slain and nine wounded. Thomas Hawkins was many times on shoar 
At severall places at Elisabeth Inlands, Cape Cod and Casco, and was never 
restrained or confined on board as a Prisoner. Afterwards Pound said 
that Dun, Lander, Warren & Watts came on board Hawkins his Boat in 
Cap**' Edwards his Boat in y* Broad sound. TiioitfAS Pound. 

This Examina*^" taken y* day and year first above 
written before the Governo' and Sundry of the 
Magistrates met at the Town house in Boston, 
Signed by s*^ Pound. 

Is' Addington. 
William Dun, Dauiel Lander, Samuel Watts and William Warren, 
Examined Say, that these Examinauts went in Company of Thomas 
Pounes and others in Thomas Hawkins bis Boat, lookt at Poune to be their 
Coffiand^ and were along with him from the time of his going from Boston 
sometime in the beginning of August 1681). until the time they were taken 
by Cap*^ Pease, and were l>elonging to him and assisting at the Seising 
and robing of all the Yessells. 

(Kudorsed by Addington) Thos. Pound Examina**"" 

Pound and Hawkin's Tryal. 
Jan'' 1689. 

218 '«<?/* C^L Thomm We$tbrook and oikers, [July, 



Cmjiai^nkiwtcd by Wii^liah Bi^kk Tiia*x, A»M,, of Borcheft«rp M««i. 

f Continued fh^ni pAge 137.] 

A hWt of w' oieo are wauling to compleaL each Company [at the East- 

wanl], Af»ril 21. 1724 

Cull" Wt»BtbrookB 9; Cp' HarmoQi 5 ; Cp' Moultons 11 ; Cap* Boam 5 i 
Leiu* Oliver 3 ; Cp' Wheelwriglit 5 ; Cp* Heath 2 ; Surg* Brown 3 ; Leia* 
March 2. — 45. 

Mass, Arch. 72; 175. 

An Acc^ i}i the Iltrcm^ed di^aertcd & dt&mi^t men niitl those t4ik6n hy the 

Deoeast— George Yaraham feh 14* 1723; Job Burges Decern** li^ 
1723; Ummry Philips March 7"^ 1723; EaV Huea Fob. 17"* 1723; Jn« 
Cbainy Feb. 23, 1723; Jiicob Quitiby M'di S-l^"^ 1723; Joseph Lake D« 
16«»^ 1723; Jn" Bowman. I> 18«*; Sam" Tubba D^ 25*^ Dau" Redding D^ 
28»»; Doct'* Jm" NeguR D* 29"*; Siwn" Siuitb ; Peter Joaeph Feh^ 20*"^ ; 
Nath^ Bigaby April 28"^; [ ] Wormwood April 23^; Leiu^ 

Armstrong, May 3*^; Edward Townseud Jun© 2*^ 1724.^17. 

Deserted — Sam" Parriae ; Nath^ Millet ; Jn° Swan ; Tho' Anderson ; 
Elisha Dow; W*" Hnit; Rob* Vean; David Edwards i 2 from L^ Oliver ; 
2 from Leiu* Bourn ; one run from Cp* Heath. — 13. 

Dismist by his Honour the Leiu* Govern' — Robert Park ; Sam" Choak ; 
W*" Beard ; Benj' Eaton ; Jo° Foster ; Ja' Morrison ; Solo : Nellson ; 
Moses Cooper ; Ju° Clarke ; Abra™ Stickney ; Tho' Reed ; 

James Jemmison, S* Georges. — 14. 

Taken by the Indians — Thomas Rebilliard; James M^faden; Sam" 
Legenee ; Tho' Gillis ; Morgan Miles ; Corn* Pass. — 6. 
May it Please your Hon' 

The above Ace* will show how the army is decreast. 
[Total 50.] I am your Hon" dutiful! humble Serv* 

Falm** June 2** 1724. Tho' Westbbook. 

Mass. Arch. 72: 177. 

May it Please your Honour, 

This morning about Five a Clock at M' Yorks garrison at Per- 
poodack the Indians kill'd one man and wounded another, there appeared 
Nineteen. I was at Falmouth Side with Eight men with whom I imme- 
diately put of a whaleboat and went to their assistance, but the Enemy 
were drawn off. Wee Immediately pursued them with about fifteen men 
about a mile & halfe but could not come up with them, our number being 
80 small, wee concluded it best to return. It is Judged that there was 


►] Letters of CoL Thomas Westhrooh and others, 219 


Canoes seen comemg from the Eastward on last Sabbath daj night by 
Captain Frank!ia. I am your Hon'* dutiful humble Serv* 

Falm" Jtiutj 2" 1724. Tho' Westbrook. 

P. S. Smce I wrote my tetter I find Wee want five or Six more men 
then what I tbeu luform'd f Hou' off T. W. 

On his Maj"" Special Service, 
To The Hoa^> William Dummer [&c] 
Masa. Arch. 51 : 432. 

May it Please your Hoti'^: 

My letter of the 21** of last month w*** gave an Ace* that Lein* 
Bean was not returoed- This accompany s him with a Coppj'^ of his Joyrnal* 
by w** your Hon"" will be Inforna'd of hig march. Cap*" Harmoti went East 
among the Islatida the SS*"^ of last month in quest of the Enemy with fifty 
five men* I am this day sending the Sloop down to Monheigen Island 
where he is to repair to in case he want anything. I sent Leiu*Lane from 
this place the 30^*^ of last mouth with twenty four men a Scout on the backa 
of the Towns from this place to Berwick only to stop at Saco Falls to 
guard the People to get down their Logs. 

Wee have not heard auythiiig of the Indians for some time past so that 
it« generally thought they are getting into a body. Mine of the 20*"* of 
last month gave an Ace' that I had diamist Forty Two of the new Impregt 
men, there is dismist thirteen Stnce. 

I have p'mittcd Leiu* Bean to wait on yonr Hon'^ by which he is in hopes 
he may get his hack wages for his being Pilottt whome 1 hvive Improved 
as such according to your Hon" orders from the date of his Warrant to this 
day. I am y' Hon" Dutiful and hum''^ Serv^ 

Tho* Westbrook, 

The nnmber of men as near as I can get the ace' that are now in the 
Service is alwut Four liutidred. 

Fftlmoatb June S** 1724. 
Mass, Arch. 51: 433. 

May it Please your Honour, 

Captain Harmon is relumed from his Cruise, whom I mett at 
Monheigon, he informs me your Honour has given him leave to go to Bos- 
ton to make up his Roll, tho Enclosed is a Coppy of his Journal* by which 
your Honour will be Informed of his Cruise. 

I am your Honours dutiful Hnm**' Serv*. 
Sagadahock June 5*** 1724. Tho' Westbrook, 

P. S. I have ordered Cap*" Harmon to send the remainder of his Comp*" 
to Saco to Joyn Leiu' Lane, whom I gave your Honour Acc^ of in mine of 
the 2*^ of this Ins*, he is to take with him M' Stephen Harden as a Pilot 
who is an Expert one on Saoo^ Kennebuuk, aud alt the rivers as far as 
Winipeesiaucut Ponds he haveing huuted ou that ground for many years 
past. He was Pilot to Leiu' Jn^ Harmon on his last march, who says he 
never Saw a man have more Judgm* in tho Woods then he. T. W. 

On his Maj"" Service 
To The Hon"* William Dummer Esq' 

Leiu' Gov' & Commander in Cheif &c. at Boston. 
'^Maw. Arch. 51 : 435. 

* We hare thai far been [inable to And the Journals of Lieat. Bean and CapL Harmon 
tJie volumcf of papeni la tlu HasiAchusetts ilrciit?e8.^T. 

tSO *s of CoL Thomas Westbrook and others, [July, 

Blay it Pl< '<iur Honour^ 

L. jJarmons Company ii ordered on the backs of the Towna 
between Sai id Berwick as I gave aii Ace* of in mine of the ^^ Curr*j 
the rest of c ten are ordered to Cruise m Casco Bay amoQg&c the le lands 
Femiquid at ^t as far as Musconkua and from thence back into Damans 
Coatty and cmeepsgutt rivers and to Moixutsweeg bay, so oo the back of 
Arrow aick to Kennebeck river up to Rich mo ud and so to keep on this 
Cruise liU your Hon** Pleasure be known, Indeavouring to binder the In- 
dians from Passing and repassing with their Canoes, for its Judg*d since 
we© have not had men to pass in our boates that they frequeuUy Pass by 
water; when they caiae to Arrowsick they went off in theif Canoes to 
Casco bay as it is Judged- Cap* Franklin waite-s for a wind to carry pro- 
visioD to Georges. 1 hope your Hon'^ will ord^ what must be done relat^ing 
that garrison. The above Cruiae is ordered by the advice of t!ie oflicera 
Present Viz*. Cap' tlarmou, Cap* Penhallow, Cap*. Heath, Cap^ Moulton, 
Leiu* Kenady. I am your Hon" dutifnll humV Serv*, 

Sflgadahock June 6*** 1724. Tho" Westbrook- 

P. S. Cap' Heath haveing acquainted m© with your Hon" Furlo comes 
up to Boston accordingly, by whom I writ©. T. W, 

Mass. Arch. 51: 436. 

May it Please your Honoar, 

This morning about Ten a Clock Cap*" Franklin brought in this 
Maloncholly Account VissV That the Indians on the first of May last way- 
layd Cap**" Winslow on both sides Saint Georges River as he was going 
to the garrisoD with Seventeen meo in two Whal l>oat©St whome the ludiaui 
have killed or taken all but three that made their escape and got to the 
garrison. They say there was a great number of the Indians, who fir'd 
upon our people first from the Western side the river ; as soon as they had 
fir*d they puf off in their Canoes and fell on our People very furiously, so 
that our boates were obliged to part, they overpowering them with a superior 
number. Cap*" Winslow endeavoured to land on the West side, and so long 
as he was seen by our People fought boldly and bravely, and it is Judg'd 
kiird several of the Indians. Sarj* Harvey landed on the East side hope- 
ing to get clear of them, but as soon as they landed there was another 
Considerable party mett him and Shot him down. After they had chang*d 
some shots on both sides our People were then obliged to draw off as well 
as they could, one of them did not get into the garrison till three days 
afterward, he saw an Indian that day, our people trackt some, about a 
week after not more than a hundred yards from the garrison. It is Judg'd 
there is a party lurk about the river and garrison still. Where they fir'd 
on our people first, they Judge there could not be less then Thirty Canoos 
besides three ambuscades more, one on the West and two on the East sides 
the River. Wee have not men to look for the Dead bodies of our freinds 
so that our Enemies have a double triumph over us. Cap*° Harmons 
Comp^ being at the Westward and the army is so decreast as I have 
already given your Hon' an Ace* of in part and shall be able to give it in 
full when I come to Boston. 

I am your Hon" dutiful] humble Serv* 
George Town June 13*^ 1724. Tho' Westbrook. 

P. S. Cap*" Winslow went out of the garrison on the 30*** of April to 
the Green Islands hopeing to meet with a Canoo or two of y* Indians. 

Mass. Arch. 61: 442,443, 

1891.] Letters of Vol. Thomas Westhrook and others. 221 

Boston, Juue 24^ 1724. 


S'^ Having your Orders to retarne to tlie Fort at Richmond 
thought it my Duty to Lay the State of that Garrison before Your Honour. 
By Several Deaths & DismiBsious my Company is reduced to Twenty 
men, And the fort being large & far from Rcliefe I would Humbley Sug- 
gest to your Honour, Is in daiuger of beiug lost with Out a reinforcement, 
& your Honours Desigae of Sending Some able Souldiers to Scout with 
the Mohawka altogether impractickable. The cumber of men posted at 
Cs600 Fort in y* last warr and the present Company at uortlilidd are 
preridents, <fe aeem to plead for a recruit to be sent to Richmond, which is 
farther in the Enemyes Coimtrey then Either of those. All which I 
HumbJey Offer to your wise Coaaideratiou & with Dutiful! Respect re- 
madne Tour Honours most Humble Obedient Serv*. 

Joseph Heath. 

Mass. Arch. 51 : 455. 

May it Please your Honour, 

Cap* Heath has acquainted me with the above report designed to 
lay before your Honour, which appears to me very reasonable. 
I am your Honours dutiiull aud most obedient Serv* 

^^^^K On bis Maj^^ Service 

^^^P To The Hon'"' William Diimmer Esq' 

^ Leiu' Gov' & Commander in Chief &c* in Boston. 

H M«w. Arch. 51 : 455. 

[ Ml 

[ Co 

^H on 

^M tio 

^ hoi 

Fort Mary July 19, 1724. 
May it Please y' Hon", 

This Comes in Company with a Letter from Leiut Beans (to 
Con* Westhrook) who was Sent here and arrived the 17 iiiataut), & in 
order to give y* Hon' an account That y' 18 1 supplyed him with ammuni- 
tion & to haateu to Spurwink where the Enimy were & Burnt one Perryes 
house, Killed one Sullomau Jordan near y* garrison of Leiut Jordan. L^ 
Bean Hastned from hence 19 instant, fought about 30 itidiaiis. Killed one 
dc Recovered him, Scalp^ gun &c. took from them Beafe, Blankets, & 
Sundryes, Drove the Enemy & took about 25 packs, & they Ran away, 
nake<i, this day. 

We Lost one Robert Brown, of Plymouth, aud one Simon Armstrong 
was Scarred on hia headj flesh wounds the Enimy fought Smartly while 
they Stood. M*^ Bean & men are here & as to any particulars farther I 
beleive Coro' Westbrook will forward M' Beans Letter to y' Hon*' for 
whom I wrote the particulars, & pray 1 may be Excused for my not in- 

I hear M' Buckman's garrison at N** Yarmouth is Burned & of a!arme8 
their ; this morning Large fires appeare<i up Saco River, at Cape Porpus, 
we dont hear the Reason but guess tho Enimy to be Everywhere, & having 
no inoorragement that I may have men to till my Compliment up as yet I 
hope y*^ Hon'* not forgot y' Direction you gaue me to Leave a mem'* 
in the Secre: office that I may have them by y" Direction to Corn' West- 
brook & Especially one fit for a Corperelh 

The 1 4 instant went hence volenters from PiscatL after Indian pireui, as 
also Sundryes <Sk one Cap^ Salter from the Sholes <Se 4 met at green Islands, 


John Smith of Miiford^ Conn, [J«ly» 

said Salter (&'"ce Pardng from his Couaerts who arrived hero to Day) in- 
forms me he let with the Lndiau Privateer a gconer once of marble bead 
fall of iudiaL. Exlraordenary well fitted who Chased them 3 houra & she 
Takeft all s>be Can Come vp with, bo that the fighermea don^t go East of 
this Place or Scarce to t>ea ; with my Dutie lb what offers from y' bi:]tDble 
Servant Samuel Hinckes. 

SoperBcribed : Lett' from Cap* Hinkee. July 19, 1724. 
Oil Hia Majeatyea Service. 
Mft0«,Afdi*52: 13, 14. 

[To be oontfiiaed.] 




Compiled by EoBsat Atwatsh* (DAat^TT,* Clab.^*) Sjiii^,» of New HaTen, C(*nn. 

JoHjf* Smith [16— -1684], a tettler of Blillord, Conn., iq 1640, is 
presumed to have been one of several from Hertfordshire who conid not 
leave England in 1 637, when the Rev, Peter Prudden and others from 
that section of England sailed m the company of the Rev. John Davenport^ 
Gov. Theophilus Eaton, Deputy Gov. Stephen Goodyear and other persona 
from London who came to this country in the ships Hector and Martin [?J 
Id 1637. It is probable he came direct from England to New Haven in 0D# 
of the three ships which sailed in 1 639 to New Haven, via : the St, Johns* 
CapU Russell; the Fair Weather, which reached New Haven before July 
28, 1639 ; and the third ship (name unknown) which arrived soon after, pro- 
bably bringing the company which settled in Southold, Long Island. — [See 
Atwater's History of N. H. Colony, pages 162-3.] From the amount of 
property (£513. 3. 9.) left by him at his death in 1684 (the inventory waa 
taken December, 1684), it is probable that he belonged to a family of some 
wealth in England. It has been suggested that he may have been one of the 
Smiths of Haddon Hall, some of whom came to this country. He married 

Grace Hawley (born , 16 — ), who died in 1690. The will of Mrs. 

Grace Smith is recorded in Vol. 2, page 90, of the New Haven Probate 
Records. It is dated Nov. 26, 1689. She gives her property of £61. 11. 7. 
to her four children. There is no inventory to be found. Children : 
2. i. Ephraim,* bap. Oct. 12, 1644 ; d. May, 1712 ; m. Abigail Briscoe. 
S, 11. John, bap. Aug. 27, 1646 ; d. Jan. 8, 1732 ; m. Phebe Canfleld. 

lii. Mary, bap. Jan. 7, 1648 ; d. December, 1691 ; m. Oct. 29, 1667, Dr. 

Abel Gunn (b. June, 1643, d. , 1688), son of Dr. Jasper Gunn 

(1606-1670) of Milford. Dr. '♦ AbeU" Gunn's will, dated May 11, 
1688, is found on page 7 of Vol. 2, N. H. Prob. Rec. ; an inventory 
is indexed as on page 11, but cannot be found on that page. He 
gives his property to his wife, Mary Gunn; no children are 
iv. Ebenezer, bap. Nov. 10, 1660 ; d. young. 
V. Mehct, bap. Dec. 6, 1652 ; d. May 2, 1670. 

4. vl. Meuitable, b. March 25, 1655; d. , 17—; m. Edward Camp, 

Jan. 16, 1678-4. 
2. Ephraim* Smith (1644^1712), son of John* Smith the Settler, re- 
moved to Derby, Conn. He married Abigail Briscoe of Milford. 


John Siniih of Milford^ Conn. 



No will 18 recorded. Tlie inventory waa taken June 13, 1712, The 
probate records are in Vol. 3, pages 60, 6!, 80, 99 and 119. On 
page SO is given the division of the property among the children ; 
only John is mentioned; probably the wife and the daughter, Ruth 
Briscoe, were dead at that time. Ruih'a portion of £o6 is given to 
the daughter, Ruth Briscoe; Mercy's portioo is given to her bu*- 
band, Samuel Gunn, who was appointed executor; no mention is 
made of Ephraim, who did not die iiutil December, 1712. The 
estate amounted to £22 (J 5. 7. The History of Derby statea that 
Ephraim Smith (1644-1712) died without leaving any children; 
this is incorrect. ChiJdien : 

i. .ToiiN,^ b. , 1673; d. May 81, 1749; m. Mary . 

U. Mercy, b. — -.1674; d. Aug. U, 1750; m, Lieut. Samuel Gunn, 
Nov. 11, 1698. 

iii. EpniuiM, b. , 16—; d. December, 1712 r m, Susannah . 

iv, RuTU, b. — , 16—; d. 17—; m. Samuel Briscoe. 

Sergeant John* Smith (164G-1732) (Jo/m'), sou of John Smith the 
settler, lived in Milford. He married, Jan. 23, 1672-3, Phebe Cam- 
field (born May 8, 1656, died May 3, 1730), daughter of Sergeant 
Thomas Camfield (died 1689) and Phebe (Crane) Camtield of 
Milford. No will or inventory of estate can be found in the New 
Haven Probate Records. Their tomb-stones can be found iu the 
Milford Cemetery; they are recorded iu the "Tomb-stones of 
Milford." Children: 

JoHN.^ b. June IS, 1674; d. May 14. 1751 ; m. Ruth Brlscoe. 

Tito>Li8, b- March 7. 1677; in. Haonali Camp. 

Saml'el, b. Oct. 19, 1G71>; m. Rachel Lambert [?]. 

Ebknkzkr, b. March 31, 1G83; d. Nov. 4, 1744; m. Sarah CoUins, 
Jan. 3, 1710-11. 

JosKTH, bap. Nov. 2S, lf>M5; died yonng. 

Abiab, bap. March, IGStJ; born and lived In Milford. No further 
records np to the present time. Her name was ^ivea to two of 
her nieces : family 12 No. lii., and family 14 No. lii. 

Nathan, bap. Septemljer, 1683 ; m. Hannah Tibbals. 

JosEim, bap. April 15, 1694; m. Mary Clark. 





Mehitable" Smith {Johii^)^ born 1655, lived in Milford. She mar- 
ried, Jan. 15, 1673, Edward Camp (born 1650, died March, 1721), 
8on of Edward and Mary Camp of New Haven. The will of 
Edward Camp of MiJfurd, made March 11, 1721, is in VoL 5 of 
N. H. Prob. Kec, on pagea 56-7 ; the inventory on page 65, taken 
March 29, 1721. He gives his property to "wife Elizabeth" (a 
second wife) and his three children Samuel and John Camp and 
daughter Sarah Boardman. How many of these children were the 
children of Mebit^ible Smith 19 not yet known. Child : 

i. Camp.' 

JoHN^ Smith (Ephraim,^ John^) probably resided in Derby, He 

married Mary ^ who died June 12, 1745. In the will of John 

Smith of Derby, made Jan. 27, 1746, m N. II. Prob. Rec., Vol. 7, 
pAges 465-8 aud 646, are mendoned the four sons given below and 
♦* daughter Mary, wife of Ephraim Smith." Inventory taken June 
17, 1740. Children: 

U TBOMjkS.* Iv. Jonathan. 

li, JosiAH, V. Marit, m. Ephraim Smith. 

ill. Da>i£L. 

VOX*. XL 7. 21 


224 John Smith of Milford^ Conn* [Jwlj. 

6. MESCf* BmTS {Ephrmm? Jithn^) married Nor« 11, 1S9S, lieat 

Sjtmu^l Gunu (Ikitu Jim. J 5, 1G69« died Sept. 10* 1740)^ boh of 
Jtjbuuuah uiiil Sunili (Lane) Gqdq (1641) of Milford. Id her will, 
djii*id Mil ford, Sept, ^%^ 1750. reoard^d in N, H, Prok Rec OcL 8, 
1750* lu VoL 7, pages 668-70, she give* £100 to eac!i of her three 
Kous» Sumut^i, La^struft and iBauli, and other property to her daogh- 
lers, ^Vbig:ul KiggB, S&r&h Northrop and Mary Ford. Children : 

L Abaojjl* Gukx, b. MATch, 1699; d. '^ 17—; m. Sftmnel Rlggs of 

U, Samusl^ GiTNTs, b. Jao. 15, 1701 ; d. Jan. 8, 1756 ; m. Sarah aark. 
Hi. Sarah* Gtr2?3r , b. February, 170» ; d,^ , 17^ ; in, Ephraim Northrop, 

Nov. 26, 17S!}. 
iv, Lazarus* Gu^tn, b- October^ 1707 1 d, March 27, 1T5K uamarTied, 

r. Isaiah* Gunn» b, Mfty^ 1710; d, , 17—, unmarrltsd, 

¥l. B4ary* Gux3f, b. May, 1718 ; d. Nov, 10, 1760 ; m. John Ford, 

7. Epbhaim' Smith (Ephraim* Johti^) lived id Derby, and is recorded 

in the Index of N* H* Frob* Rec as from Derby. He married 

^ 16^T Susaiiiiah *— . His wilU in Vol. 5, page ll^^givea 

his property to his wife Sus&Qnah and hk four chLldrea named below. 
Hia wife Susannah was made executrix; the inventory on page 207 
was takeu Jan. 1, 17 IS; the amount £178 0. 6, Childi^en: 

il. JoSEFti. iv, Samuel. 

8. Ruth* Ssiith (Ephraim* John* ) married — ^ — -, 17 — , Samuel Briacoe 

(bom April, 1678, died , 1756), aoti of Nathajiiel Briaooe 

( 1 647^ ) and Mary (Camp) Brisooe of Milford. Her child, Bath 

Briaooe, is tnentioued iti the wUl of her father, Ephraim Smith 
(1644-1712). Child: 

I. Ruth* Briscoe, m. Joseph Brewster. 

9. John' Smith, Jr. (John* John}) married Ruth Briscoe (born , 

1682, died June 16, 1749), daughter of James Briscoe and Sarah 
(Wheeler) Briscoe of Milford. His will of Aug 2, 1750, mentions 
first his four daughters, Ruth Smith, Sarah Beard, Phebe Piatt and 
Mercy Gillette, afterwards the four sons. The will is in Vol. 8, 
page 16; on page 17 is the will of Ruth Briscoe Smith, his wife; it 
is dated Jan. 21, 1741-2. Children : 

i. James,* bap. December, 1702; d. , 17 — ; m. Hannah Northrop, 

March 30, 1728. 

II. Caleb, bap. December, 1702; d. Nov. 4, 1758; m. Abigail Clark, 

April 26, 1728. 

iii. Abraham, bap. , 17—; d. Jan. 2, 1782; m. Amy Whitmore [?]. 

iv. Sarah, bap. October, 1709; d. , 17—; m. Nathan Beard, June 

27, 17—. 

V. Ruth, bap. March 12, 1712; d. ; unmarried In 1761. 

15. vi. Ephraim, b. 1715 ; d. 1805 ; m. Sarah Newton, 1739. 

vii. Phebe, bap. March, 1717; d. , 17—; m. Isaac Piatt, March 12, 

yiii. Mercy, bap. Sept. 29, 1720; d. , 17—; m. Eliphalet Gillette. 

10. Thomas" Smith (John* John^) removed to Ridgefield, Conn, (ac- 
cording to Judge Ralph D. Smith, of Guilford, Ct). He married, 

Dec. 2, 1699, Hannah Camp (bom January, 1677, died , 

17 — ), daughter of Samuel and Hannah Camp of Milford. Children : 

i. Jonah,* b. April 29, 1703. 

11. Hannah, bap. Oct. 24, 1708. 


John Smith ofMllfofd^ Conn* 


111. Jaabz, b. Nov. 29, 1705. 
\y. Gideon, b. June 13, 1709. 
V. IfijLAC, b. Jan. 31, 1711-12. 

IL Samuel* Smith (John^ John^), removed to Ridgefield, Conn, (ac- 
cording the " Whitney Family ** book, VoL 1 ). lie marrietl, Dec. 
80, 1703, Huchel Lambert [?], daughter of Je«8B and Debor&b 
(Fowler) Lambert of Milford. Children: 

I. ELiZABErrH/ b. Jime 30, 1708. 

ii« John. b. Jan. 12, 1711. 

m. Samuel, b. Jan. 13, 1713. 

It, Natuan, b. Sept. 7, 1715. 

T. Stephkn, b. Sept. la. 1717, 

vi. Jacob, b. » 1719. 

vil. Martha, b. -^, 1719. 




Ebenezer' Smith {John* John^) removed in 1709 from Milford to 
Ridgefield, Conn.; he was odo of the original settlerH of that town ; be 
married, Jan, 3» 1710-11, Sarah Collins, who died March IG. 17r>0. 
In the Whitney Family Book, Vol. 1, page 27, he is said to be the 

grandson of John Smith (16 1 tj84) the settler and Grace Hawley j 

this is the only record of the family name of Mrs. Grace Smith 

(16 ^lC90)'that I have found. Their son Daniel (1710-1703) 

married Betty Whitney (1718-1798); their descendants, to the 
number of over 500, are recorder! to the ** Whitney Family " book. 
Children : 

1. PHEBE,*b. Oct. 14, 1711. 

U. Sarah, b. Oct. U, 1713. 

m. Abiah, b, March 7, 1716. 

Iv. EuKVEXER, b. March 15, 1718. 

V. Daxiel or Bavid, b. Oct. C, 
Whitney, Jan. 35, 1741-2. 

vl. Job, b. Feb. 2G, 1722. 

vU. Ajjiqail, b. May 17, 1728. 

1710; d. Aug. 22, 1799; m. Betty 

vUL JoHX, b. June 24, 1730. 

Nathan" Smith (JolmJ' John^) married and lived for a timo in 
Milford ; the births of his children are recorded in Milford up to 
J 760, after that time there is uo further moniion of him in Milford 
Records, He married Ilauuah, daughter of Ebenezer Tibbals, of 
Milford. Children: 

i. AurOAll..* T. JONATHAH. 

II. Ebenkzeu. v1. Meroy. 

III. Nathan. vli. Clonk. 
iv. Ad EL. 

Joseph* Smith {John* John^) removed to Brookfield, Conn. He 
married, July 7, 1720, Mary Clark (who died Feb. 23, 1773), daugh- 
ter of George and Rebecca Clark of Milford. Ho married, -^ 

1 77-, widow Ruth Boughtoti. Children: 

I. Geoure.* b. Jan. 13, 1721 : d. Aug. 26, 1800. 

U. Mauv/ b. Julv 7, 172H; d. Dl'c. 29, 1795; m. Ebenezer Blackman. 

Ui. Aduh, b. Sept. 23. 1727; d. June, 1819; m. Gideon Peck, Jan. 28. 

17B2; m. 2d. Henry Peck, , 175-* 

iv. Joseph, b. March 15. 1730; d. Aug. 10, 1810, 

V. Amos. h. April 27. 1732; d. October, 1807. 

vL Axx, b. March 12, 1734; d. April 8, 1758; m. Henry Peck, Dec. 25, 


• Oroat-grandmoibor of TJ. S. Senator Orris 8. Ferry (b. 1823, d, 1876). 


John Smith o/Milford, Conn* 

vil, EiCHABo,* b, Sept. 2I» l7B$i d. Dec, 10, 1S19. 

Ttli. PsEBE, b. April 27, 1744; d. Oct. fS, 1807; m, Johfi DeaMti^. 

Ii. HsecT, b. Sept IB, 1742; d. IJ^IT; m. J*rei1 Daimlja^. 

^^ Ebbsezkr, b. Jtity e. 1745: d, MAi-ch IS, 1S30, 

15. EpHttAiM* Smith (John* Joktt,^ Min^} lived iti Milford and Wolcott, 

Conn. He married^ 173^^ Bamh Newton (born Julj 7, 1723, died 
180^), dauf^hter ot Exekial (168&-n2a) and Abigail (Briacoe) 
Newton of Milford. He remo^^ed from MUford or Derby to Wolcott 
previous to 1788, for iti ibat year Ephmim Smitb ftnd wife &r« Brut 
recorded in the HeI of the Wolcott Church membera ; about 1804 hit 
»ou Epbraitn 2d (1755-1832) aad grandson EpbraiuiM (1777— 185-) 
removeil to Camden, N. Y. ; he die*i iu Wolcott, Conn. Hia wile> 
Sarah Netrton^ vtaA a great-gran dchlM of Rev. Ro^r Newton 
(16 — ^-1683), second pattor of the Milford Church. Chi!drea: 

I. MEHTTABLe,* b. ^ , 1740 ; d. , 1626 j m. Simuel Peck, July T, 


U. EprutAOJ, b, , 1742 ; d, September, 1750. 

1«. Hi. John, b, Feb. S. 1744-, d. Dec. »5, 1819; m. Mary Ford, Pebniary, 

Lv. S^iiAu, b. *• — , 1746; d. Feb. 16, ISII; m, 1st, Satauel M&nafleld 

Stone ; M, Donald Treat. 

r. Aix^AU, b. , 1748 ; d. , 1852. 

▼1. Benajjah, b. . 17&0i d, , 1818; m. Anna Tlbbala. 

▼II. EphiuiKi b. ; 1763; d. 18—; m. 

16. Jons* SmTn {Ephrm'm,* John* John,* John*) lived io Milford and 

Washington, Goon, He married, February, 1764^ Mary Ford 
(born Feb, 2, 1747, died Aug, 18, 1817), daughter of John and 
M^Tj (Giinn) Ford of Milford. They removed from Milford to 
Washington in 1773, in which town they died between 1810 and 
1820. Children: 

17. i. Samuel,* b. Oct. 26, 1765 ; d. April 15, 1853 ; m. Lucy HaU, May 17, 


II. Newton, b. Sept. 2, 1767; d. Jan. 13, 1844; remored to Rochester, 

N. Y. 

18. 111. Amo8, b. April 22, 1769; d. Sept. 9, 1853; m. Ist, Polly Logan, Dec. 

14, 1796; 2d, Eunice Clark, Dec. 10, 1804. 
It. John, b. Sept. 11, 1771 ; d. Oct. 11, 1774. 

▼. Nathan, b. Jan. 15, 1778 ; d. Feb. 7, 1841 ; remoyed to New York, 
vi. Sarah, b. 26, 1776; d. Sept. 8, 1863; m. Hezeklah Baldwin, 

April, 1809. 
vii. Susannah, b. Jan. 22, 1778 ; d. June 9, 1782. 
▼lii. JohnFoed, b. Feb. 16, 1780; d. , 1854; m. Sally Frlsbie, Dec. 

16, 1801 ; removed to Ohio. 
Ix. Anthony, b. Feb. 28, 1783 ; d. May 9, 1875 ; m. Rebecca CUrk, June 

25, 1807. 
X. Lewis, b. Feb. 19, 1785; d. , 1865; m. Sally Dayies, April 9, 

1812; removed to New York, 
xl. Susan, b. Nov. 22, 1786 ; d. Nov. 1, 1875 ; m. David Punderson, April 

23, 1806. 
xil. Philo, b. Dec. 15, 1789; d. Nov. 24, 1872; m. Hannah Fenn, May 5, 

xlU. WiLUAM, b. April 2, 1791; d. March U, 1792. 

17. Samuel* Smith {Johnf JEphraim,* John* John,* John^)^ born in Mil- 
ford ; after 1773 lived and died in Washington, Conn. He married, 
May 17, 1786, Lucy Hall (bom 1765, died Nov. 5, 1845), daughter 
of T. Hall of Litchfield, Conn. Children : 

• Grandfather of Judge Ralph D. Smith, of Gailford, Conn., whose memohr is printed hi 
the Rkoiitbb, Vol. 29, pp. 326-8. 


John Smith of MUfordy Conn. 


I. Nanct/ b. Bee. 2, 17^7; d. October, 1806. 

li, ^LiKELLA, ta. May 7, 1790; d. 188^; m. Alanaon Allen^ May 1, 181G. 
111. LrcY. b. Sept, 27, 1703; d. March 10, 1841. unranrrled, 
19. Iv. Sjlmukl Mansfield, U. June 13, 1796; d. Jan. 21, 1864; m. EUz« 

Wheeler. 1822, 
T. WnxiAM. b. Oct. 13, 1798 ; d. Jan. 22, 1876 ; m. Jolla Stone, Feb. 1824. 
▼1. LORA, b. Nov. 28, 1800; d. June 10, 1841; m. John Gann. Juae 16, 

vll. Rnrrs, b. Nov. fi, 180S; d. 188- ; m. Sally Ann Bacon. Feb. h, 1832. 
Till- Nancy Jknette, b, March 19, 1806; d. Jan. 3, 1861; m. Traman 

IloUister, Jan. 3, 1827. 

18. Captain Amos* Ssiitit (John} Ephraim} John} John} John})^ born 
in Miiford; after 1773 lived and died in Wiigbington, Conn. H© 
was a Captain of an Artillery company of the State Militia, carpen- 
ter and farmer; he married, Dec. 14, 1796, Polly Logan (born May 
26, 1772, died Dec. 11, 1802.) He married, Dec, 10, 1804, for his 
aecoud wife, Eunice Clark {born Jan. 14, 177C, died Feb. 14, 1854), 
daughter of Kbenezer Clark of Washington (1742-1813) and 
Hannah (Tenuey) Clark (1743-1823) of Norwich, Conn. Children: 

I. Polly Abigail,^ b. Aug. 5, 1798; d. April 30, 1828; m. Garry 


II. WiLLiAJi SiPNEY, b. Jane 2, 1800; d- Jan. 19,1857; m. Sophia 

BroHijon, August, 1837. 

Childreiu by second marriage : 
lii. CuAULOTTK Britta.via. b. Oct. 3, 1803; d, Dec. 12, 1842, unmarried. 
It. EiiKNEZKii Tlark, b. M.av 17* 1807; m. 1st, Jennett E. Lynde, Nov. 

10. 1839; 2d, Elizabeth R. Osborn, Jan. 30, 1849. 
V* Susan Rebecca, b. May 13, 1809; m. Samuel M- Pond, April 4, J852. 
Ti. John Homee, b. July 9, 1811; d. Dec. 28, 1884; m. flortense 0, 

Knapp, Nov. 10, 1869. 
vii- FANifY Eliza, b. Oct. 3, 1813; d. Feb. 22, 1B84, unmarried, 
viii. Augustus, b. Jan. 29, 1816; Grad. Tale Uiiiver. 1842, Yale and 

AndoverTheo. Coll. '42-44. 
Ix, Elmork, b. Aug. 19, 1819; m. Lacy Bassett, May 8, 1848. 

Samuel Mansfield' Smith (Samuel} John} Ephraim} John} John} 
Johr}) lived in Washington, Conn, lie married, in lfe22, Elissa 
Wheeler (horn 1801, died 1882), daughter of William Wheeler of 
New Britain, Coun. Children : 

I. Nakcy,* b. Oct. 28, 1823; d. Dec. U, 1823. 

II. JoKN Whkelkr, b. May 14, 1825; m. George Anna [»rp] Wash- 
ington, 1850. 

21. 111. Fn.vNcis Hicicox, b. March U, 1829 ; m. Anna BUza Birge, April 14, 

1 era 

Iv. ILuiiiiETT, b. Sept. 23, 1831 ; d. May 1. 1845. 

V. Albert MASfiFtEi^, b. May 24, 1841; m. Elizabeth Beeman, 1865. 

20. Elmobe^ Smith {Amos} John} Epkraim} John} John} John^) lived 
in Washington, now resides in New Haven, Conn. He married, 
May 8, 1848, Lucy Bassett (horn Aug. 14, 1817), daughter of 
Hezekiah Bassett (1774-1850) and granddaughter of Ilezekiah 
Bassett (1746-1823) and Medad At water (1751- 1 832), who were 
both members of the 17th New Haven company of the State Militia, 
and took part in repelling the British invasion of New Haven in 
1779. Children: 

I. RouERT« Atwatkb, b. Jnly 2, 1849 ; m. Anna F. Preble Moore, Aug. 
29, 1883. 

II. Bount>rs Battell. b. May 10, 1851 ; m. Dot. 15, 1S79, FatuUo Dean 
Peters (1851-1884). 

VOt. XLV. 21 ♦ 

228 Genealogical GhaningB in England, [July, 

iil. Aijcs AuCiusTA, b. Nov, ZH, 1153; d. Aag» 25. 1ST6, tintTJanied. 

tv. HoatsA SnjjfKV, b. Sept. 6, 1856; (J. Oct. 30, 1858. 

V. BsHinnT Moese, b- Jaue 9, 1858; ni, Nettie Smith, Oct. 25, IBS'. 

y\, Fiumc Apousrtra, b. Aug. ^9, 1801 ; m, April 10, 1890^ Ada A. HaU. 

21. Feancis Hickox* Smith {Samuel M^ SammV^ John* Epftraim* 

John^^ John* John*), boro in Washington, Conn,, has lived in 
Wasbiflgtoa, D. C», for more ihau thirty years. He was for many 
years a SteTiograpber iu Congress. He marrietl April 11, 1838, 
Anna E, Birge (born lS3-Jj dau. of Cyrus* Birg© and Emeline 
Frink of VernaooL 

22. i. FRAifK' BiHGE, b. March 6, 1853; m. Grace Dyer, Nov. £5, 1880. 
ib WiLUAM WilKMXKH, b. April 16, 1HC2; d. Aug. 15, lJ?62, 

111. Apklia'e Ei^t^;^, b. April lf5, 1862 ; m. Augustus R. Holden, Sept. 10, 

iv. EiJWARD QciKCT, b. Feb. 16, 1868 ; m. Katie M. Shepherd, April 10, 

V. Loutti PKacY, b. Dec 10 » 1870. 

22. Frank Birge* Smith (Franeis Ky* Samml M.7 Samuel* JaA«,* 

Ephraimy^ Jahn^ Johii^ Joht^) resides in Wasjiiugtoa, D. C. l£e 
married, Nov. 25, 1^80, Grac6 Dyer, daughter of George W. Dyer 
aiid Mfiry Kelley of Washington, D. C. Children : 
I. Paiup StDNEY Dyek,^* b. Oct. 10, 1B81. 

Note.— Any person haviug addltioaal iuformation will please e^nd to 
R. A. Smlthf 31 Lyou Street, New Haven, Conn., or Frauds H« Smith, 
1418 F Street, Washington, IX C, Bennett M. Smith, 610 South 12th Street 
Deurer, Col., or Everett South, Attorney-at-Law, Seattle, Waahington. 



By Hbnrt F. Waters, A.M., now residing in London, England. 
[Continued from page 165.] 

Rich** Russell of the city of Hereford the elder, gen*, 16 August, 1627, 
proved 13 June 1628. My body to be buried at the West door in the 
parish of St. Jones in the city of Hereford as near to the grave as may be 
of Jane Russell my late wife deceased. To my cousin Bridget Parry wife 
of Charles Parie, gen*. To Elizabeth Russell daughter of Paul Russell 
deceased. To Katherine Scroope the daughter of my sister Winifred 
Scroope. To my said sister Winifred Scroope. To the four sons of my 
cousin Robert Russell of Whitefilde in the Co. of Hereford, deceased, viz* 
Hugh (his eldest son), William, Robert and Richard Russell. To the four 
daughters of the aforesaid Robert Russell, viz* Alles, Mary, Wiuifride and 
Bridget Russell. To Frances Bridges the grandchild of Jane, my late wife 
deceased. To my maid servant Anne Jeffres and Jane Jeffres, my late 
servant. To my cousin William Russell senior. To my cousin Richard 
Ravenhill junior and to my sister EUenor Ravenhill. To Mr. Charles 
Parrie, to Mary, wife of James Scrivenor, to Mr. James Lane and his wife 
Katherine Lane. To Francis Lyde. My cousin James Scrivenor. Edward 
Russell of London. Ann Holland wife of Richard Holland, tanner. James 
Russell of London, girdler. Richard and James Ravenhill the sons of 
Richard Ravenhill junior. Thomas Quarrell of the City of Hereford mer- 


Genealogical Gleanings in England. 



cer. Richard Russell of Caldicote, Elizabeth Griffitu wife of William 
GrifBttfi sadler. Katheriue Roatli wife of William Wroath. Katherine 
Smith wife of Thomas Smith of Wesson gen*. Anno wife of Ilopkiu 
Protheroath. The three sous of Paul Russell tJecejised, viz* James, Paul 
and Richard RiisselJ. My four godchildren, viz* Richard Smith of Wesson, 
Roger SimoDs, Bartholomew Taylor and Elinor Quarrell. The poor of 
every ward in the City of Hereford. The five children of my cousin Hugh 
Russell deceased- Residue of personal estate to Frances Bridges and 
Anne Jefifres equally. My executors to be my loving kinsmaii William 
RuBsell the elder, g^^S £^ud Francis Lyde, goldsmith. 

BarriugtoD, 63. 

Mary Etton of St. Stephens, within the city of Bristol^ widow 30 April 
1645, proved 20 April 1646. To be buried in St. Stephen's Church 
near ray late hnshand William Eyton deceased. To my dear and loving 
mother fifty pounds (and certain silver &c). My brother Richard Robinson. 

I give and bequeath to ray kinsman Mr. James Russell the other of thoae 
two cnps which were my grandmother's and which my said mother shall re- 
fuse, and also twenty pounds in money to make him aud his wife ring*. I 
give and bequeath to my cousin Mr. Paul Russell twenty pounds of lawful 
money of England as a token of my love. I give and hetpjeath to my god 
daughter, ray cousin Mr, Richard Russell's daughter, twenty pounds &c, as 
a token and six silver *' Postell 8i»oo[i9," which were her great-grand- 
mother's. To my coufjin Elizabeth Derricke twenty pounds* ray cypress 
chest (and other things). I give and bequeath to my cousin Mr. James 
RusselTs daughter my best suite of Holland of laid work and fringed. I 
give and heipieath to my cousin Richard Ruasells daughter Catherine mj 
beat suite of diafier^ two pair of sheets and a pair of pillowbeereg an<i a side 
board cloth laced round and wrought round. To my cousin Elizabeth 
Bamptou ten [tounds, aud her husband shall not have anything to dt> there- 
with, but it shall wholly be at her disposing. To my god daughter Elizabeth 
Fox forty shillings. To my cousiii Uiscocks, Iiis daughter, my god daughter, 
forty shillings. To ray cousin Milieu's two daughters, my late husband's 
god daughter aud mine, Catherine and Mary, fifty pounds equally to be 
divided between them, so that they do not molest, trouble, sue or vex in the 
law mine executrix for either of their legacies given tliem by my said husband 
WUliara Eyton deceased. To my godson Hugh Kelly five pounds. To 
Mary Reade dau. of William Retide. To Dorothy Eyton my cousiu John 
Eyton*3 daughter. My cousin Elizabeth Dearges living in Lomlou, daugh- 
ter of Edward Russell, and her two children. My kinswoman Mary 
Hathway, daughter of Thomaa Hath way and Margaret his wife, to be 
residuary legatee and executrix. None of her kindred by her father's side 
sliali have anything to do with my gifts to her. Twisse, 45. 

fin October, 1889 (See Reoisteu, Vol. 43, pp. 425-G). I gave abstracts of the 
^|)i. rif ti..' father and grandfather of Richard RnsscU of Charlestown. The 
tW' LT wills also refer to him. According to Wyman's Genealoj^es 

and 'f Charlestowii, Richard Russell, son of Paul, of Hereford, born 

IGll. ujipreutlced at Bristol, England. 4 Oct. 1028, arrived 1C40 with wife; Ijoth 
admitted to the church 23.3. lG4i. He was a merchant, representative, Coun- 
cillor, Speaker, Treasurer and Assistant, He married, ilr^t, Maud Pitt, who 
dke<l lfi52, and, secondly, Mary Chester, who died <M1 Nov. 1088, aj^ed about 80. 
U» died 14.3.1076, in the G5»»» year of his age. In kls will, made 21).5.1«74, h«s 
:l||^tioned wife Marj% her three daughters and seven grandchild re u, Whilui)?, 
•en James and his family, daughter Roswell and her son, daughter Graves and 
her chlldreD, sister Mrs. Elizabeth Corbet of Bristol, sUiter Sarah Kussell of 

230 Gtneah^ical Ohaninffg t» England* [Ji^Jr 

Bristol, Bister In law Mftry Kewell and her nons Josflph and John, James Caiy 
and others. Ho beqi]«iitl».Hl one bunclrtKl pomids to IlftnartJ CoUe^e and made 
large be^iucsta to the toiri] and church. The '* juister-in-iaw Mary NcweU" 
mentioned bj him ts recorded m '' rt'lict of Andrew Newell of jfc City of Brb- 
tol. merchant/' and ♦* daughter of William Pitt, Shertrof the City of Bristol." 
For notes on the family of V\Vi of Bristol se« previuiis ittimbcr of Gleanlnga, 
relating to the Ho! worthy family,— H^nrtt F, Watubs.] 

JosEpn Mate of the Strand, in the conntj of Middlesei* gentleman, 
5 (?) March IfiSl, proveil 15 February 1635. To the poor of the parish 
of Savoy forty shillings. To my sifter Suaan ten pounds. To my sister 
Ellen a ring of twenty ahillingSt To my ©iusin Benjamin Clieland (sic) 
five pounds. To my oonsin Thomas Moyue thirty pounds, my brother 
NatlianielA son, to l>e given him at the discretion of my execntor^ or if he 
die in the wars four years after to his "dafter" thirty pounds. 

*'l£em I g^ve to my cozen Cornelius Maye fyve pounds* to be paid him as 
hie Unele Pbinees Maye doth thinke fitt. But if he dye at sea 1 only ji^ive bis 
BOpne tUat was borne in Virginea." Item I give to my cousin MatUyas 
cbildren to be oniered by my executor. To my coueiu Thomas CoUyues 
dve pounds and to all his sisters a riug of twenty shillings apiece, 
aud a ring to his wife of like price. To my cousin William Collyus and 
bis wife a ring of twenty shiliinga apiece. To my Jane Primrose five 
pounds and to her aister Elisabeth Maye forty shilliugs. To the young 
man that dwelleth at Tavistock^ called Joseph Maye» To a goldsmith 
wife called Mary Batcliffe in, Exoik Others, My brother Phyiiies Maye 
to be executor, &c. In witness whereto I set my name and seal 1 D July 
1632, Item to Manuell Maye my kinsman, Joseph Maye. Let my 
brother Pblnees remember better Mathias children and my cousin Thomas 
Maye. A ring to my brother CoUyns. A ring to my cousin John Beare 
and to my cousin John Sherman. 20 November 1635. 

A codicil (made on death bed about 20 Nov. 1635). His cousin Benja- 
min Clevelandf should have but forty shillings, whereas is expressed iu the 
said will x'** (? v^**). His cousin John Sherman should have nothing. His 
cousin Joseph May of Tavistock should have nothing. Pile, 9. 

Peter Randolph of Chatsworth in the county of Henrico Esq. 4 May 
1767, proved 21 Oct. 1768. To my dear wife Lucy the land and plantation 
known by the name of Chatsworth, with all the slaves, horses and stocks of 
all kinds thereon at the time of my death, and all my household furniture, 
plate, linen and china, likewise my chariot and horses for and during her 
natural life, to be in lieu and satisfaction of her dower. And that she may 
be the better enabled to support herself and entertain my children I like- 
wise give unto my said wife fifty pounds sterling during her natural life in 
case she thinks fit to demand it of my executors ; and also that the house 
may be supplied with provisions from my plantations in as plentiful a 
manner as was in my lifetime &c. To son William all the estate bequeathed 
unto his mother, after her death, and my tract of land in Chesterfield 
County called Skin Quarter, with all the slaves, stocks and horses thereon, 
and the tract of land I purchased of Robert Munford lying on- Stanton 
River, with all the slaves &c. To my son Beverley my tract of land in 
Cumberland County known by the name of the Fork, and two tracts of 
land on Roanoke River which I purchased of Thomas Nash, containing 
about thirteen hundred acres &c. To my son Robert three tracts of land 

• A line mn tbroagh *' dwelleth at TaTittock.**— H. F. w, 
t See Cbeland above.— k. f. w. 


Genealogical Gleanings in England* 


OQ Roannke River, that is to Bay, the land which I purchased of Col* 
Bannister, that which I purchased of Thomaa DouglaSt lying o" 1^*" River 
and the land I purchased of Hampton Wade, l^ing on Stanton River, the 
whole being about three thousand acres &c. To daughter Ann Fitzhugh 
three hun<lred and fifty pounds. My two acres of land in Chesterfield 
opposite to Chatsworth to my three sons, in common, for the accommodatioD 
of their servants* slaves and horses, to bring down tobacco to the ware- 
house. Residue to son CoL Archibald Cary, CoL Richard Ran- 
dolph, John Wayles and Seth Ware Sen' to be executors. 

Wit.: Carter Braxton, John Ffylton and Anthony Hay. 

In the Probate Act he is called the Hon. Peter Randolph, late Surveyor 
Gen* of H. M. Customs for the Middle Weatero District of North America. 

Seeker, 393. 

[See Bishop Mcade'a Old Chnrckes, Ministers and Families of Virginia, vol. I. 
pp. 138-40.— El >rroB.] 

SiBELi. Fryer of New Surum, widow of John Fryer of the same city, 
inuholder, 2i» December 1G35, proved 23 February 1635. To my grand- 
child Margaret Brook who now lives in house with me twenty pounds at 
her age of eighteen. My late husband's son George Fryer. 

Item I give unto John Bennett, now in New England, five pounds if he 
be living, and uDto Mary Sharpe daughter of my husband's eldest daughter 
I give five pounds. To the two eldest daughters of my daughter in law 
Mary Owen live pounds apiece, at fourteen. To my two daughters in law 
Julyan Sharpe and Mary Owen ten pounds apiece. To ray daughter Ann 
Jempson ten pounds in regard of a promise made unto her of satisfaction 
for putting her life out of a leasehold which is settled on my daughter 
Margaret. All the rest to my two daughters Margaret Good and Anne 
Jempson whom I ordain &c. sole executrixes. 

Wit: Ambrose Hewes, Iklary Godfrey, Willinm Jemson* Robert Good, 
William Derbie. Pile, 19. 

[There was a John Bennett In that part of Salem afterwards set off as Marble- 
head, who hsul a ^ant. In H>{*8, of four acres *'npou John Peaches Necke." 
WllUam K«cue and Nicholas Llstou liad grants of land on the same neck, which 
now goes hy the name of Peacli's* Point, and is the summer home of Messrs. 
George W> Benson, Benjaoun W. Crowninahield, and others. — Hrnry F. 

EiCHARD Spencer of London, gen*, 17 March 1645, with a codicil 
bearing date 29 May 1646, proved 8 June 1646. To Thomas Spencer, 
son of my brother Thoma3 Spencer, all my copyhold lands and tene- 
ments .by me purchased of the creditom of Walter Marston, situate in 
Kingsbury Street near St, Albans^ iu the co. of Hertford, in the parish 
of St. Michael. To Daniel Spencer of London, grocer, son o£ my 
brotlier John Spencer deceased, all those eight messuages or tenementa 
^bo. lately by me purchased of John Gearing, grocer, from and after the 
d^ease of Margaret Greene of London, widow, situate in tb© parish 
of St, Margaret Lothbury in London. To Sarah Bland and Hannah 
Bland, daughters of my sister Katherine Bland deceased, and to Elizabeth 
Tomlyna, widow, daughter of my brother Jarrard Spencer deceased, my 
meaauage or tenement situate in Grace Church Street, near the great Ion 
called the Crosse Keys, late in the tenure of William Tooue or his assigns* 
to be equally divided between them, by the rents, issues and profits thereof 
daring their natural lives. And after the decease of the said Elizabeth 
TomJyns and Hauna then I give and devise the said messuage and tene> 


23i jfen^alo^ical Gleanings in England, [July, 

ment ui3lo the said Sarah Bl&nd mnd her heirs forever. To the said Darnel 
Spencer all my laud^ aod tenement id the couDtie^ of Keiit and Essex, be 
to pay ufjLo AnUtODj Speooer ^nd Jarrard Spencer, mn& of my hr&tber 
Tbomaji Speiicer deceased, atid uiito the two children of Margaret Spencer 
deceased^ now hi or near London aod &t the dbposmg of £lLzabeib Carter 
their auuU the gum of ihirty poondB yearly during their natural Itve^i L «« 
ten poundfi per auiium to the aaid two chlldreti or their guardians in their 
mtDOfitiest or the Burvivor of tJbsm* and ttiii pounrls apiece to the ftaid 
Anthony Bpetieer and Jarrmrd SpaDcer* to be i>aid tmto them aud their 
guardians by ha tf yearly payments as the reots of the said lands and taae- 
tuents slmU ^row due after my decease. 

Item I give and bequeath unto Jarrard Speneer^ Thomas Spencer, 
MicbaeU Spencer, sons of my brother pJarrard Spencer deceased, the mm 
of fifty poundii apiece, and unto the children of William Speucer, son of my 
said brat her Jarrard Spencer deceased, to be divided between (hem equally, 
the sum of fifty pounds, to be paid unto their guardians, and within two 
years next after my decease. 

To ThoraaA Martyn and Mary his wife, now dwelling with me, the re- 
maining term to c^me in my dwelling house and the hanging aud pictnres 
in the two rooms thereof^ with ail partitions in the upper rooms of it or 
elsewhere- To Edward Terrey vintner, my kinsman, one handrett and 
thirty pounds which lio oweth me by bond. And I bequeath unto him and 
Elizabeth hia wife, my sister^s daaghter, thirty pounds, within three years 
dfcc. The rest to Daniel Spencer whom I make aud ordain sole executor. 

Wit: John Norburie* William Norhurie. Twisse, 79. 

[In the Jnno Term of Essex Co. Court ( Salem) ^ 1G71, In a trial of the case of 
John Ruc^, Administrator, ^nua Joseph Armltage. the following paper was 
put in : 

•* Boston : in New England y« 19 Jan'y, 1648. 

Att thirty dayes sight of this my seacond bill of exchange (my first & third of 
the same tenour & date not being payed) pay unto M'. Thomas Ruck, haber- 
dasher, att the Seauen Starres on London Bridge, or to his assignes, the some 
of thirty pounds sterly & is part of the Legacy gyuen mee by my Unckle Richard 
Spencer & the payement hereof shalbee your discharge for soe much at day, pray 
you make good payement & place it to acco. : I say pay £30 : 00 : 00." 

(Signed) "Michaell Spenser." 

'* The dyrection is— To my Louinge Cousen Mr. Danyell Spenser Grocer in 
Friday Streete in London.'* 

This bill was protested by Joshua Mainett, Notary and Tabellion publick of 
London, who reported that "the said Danyell Spencer answered that hee will 
pay noe monneyes nor haue to doe with the say^ bill of exchange." 

The above case was referred to the arbitration of Capt. Roger Spenser and 
Christopher Lawson. 

I find that Michael and Jarrard Spencer were both at L3mn, for a while, and 
that Timothy Tomlin owned land next to the latter. Henry F. Waters.] 

John Style of Stebonheath ah Stepney, Middlesex 26 October 1685, 
with a codicil referring to a former will bearing date 25 March 1680; 
proved 30 July 1686 and again 31 August 1686. To Elizabeth Nurse 
thirty pounds and to Frances Walshall seventy pounds, to be abated to 
them upon their paying the sum of six hundred pounds, remainder of mort- 
gage chargeable on Glassenbury house in Smithfield. To Mr. Matthew 
Meade, sometime minister of Stepney, twenty pounds, to Dr. Ainslow of 
Spittlesfields ten pounds, to Seth Powell of Barnard's Inn, London, gent, 
ten pounds. To my sister in law Mrs. Elizabeth Short twenty shillings to 
buy her a ring. To her son Peter Short five pounds. To Mrs. Lisle 


Genealogical Gleanings in England. 


forty sbillinga to buy ber a riug. To Mrs. Mildmay, diiughter to Mrs, 
Brewster four poutida. To Mrs, Taylor, wife of Mr, Taylor of Uarking, 
ten pounds. To Mr. Graves, soaietiiue miuister of Steptiey, five pomuis- 
To — — Henderson, my god daiigbter, five pounds. To William Biirrough 
of Staple 111 ij, Loiidou, geu*., whom I do make whole and sole executor, 
forty pounds; and he shall, from time to time, when required, give a true 
account of the management to the al)Ove named Seth Powell, whom I make 
overseer. To ray servant Elizabetb Vero al! tlio household gootls. 

Lastly I give to my nephew George Burrough of New Knglatid, clerk, 
aU my books and all other my estate whatsoever or wheresoever not before 
devised, whicb shall, from lime to time and in guch manner as lie and the 
said Mr. Powell shall desire, be consigned or remitted to him by my said 
ejcecutor, or else the said legacy of forty pounds to him given shull bo void. 

In the codicil he confirms the devise made in the earlier will to Richard 
Hoare, citizen and goldsmith^ of the capital messuage in West Smithlield 
known as the Glassenbury house, together with four messuages in Cock 
Lane, St. Sepulchre's, and gives to Mr. Austin Brewster forty sbillinga to 
boy him a ring. Lloyd, 101, 

[Georjre Bnrrouiffh, named as a nephew in the above will of John Style, was 
*' the roost prornincnt victim of the witchcraft fanaticism of 1602." Accounts 
of him will be found in Sibley's llanard Graduates, vol. 2, pp, 32»-3*} and 
Upham's SaUuii Witchcraft, vtil. 1, pp. 25.>-<>8, v<>L 2, H0-*j3, 2^(^-^104, 480, 4R2, 
614 ; benldes in various other books. !;>iblej says that he wi*ote his name Burrough 
•* Id Sewall's receipt book for a bill of exchange drawn on hi.s ' cousin-german 
W"* Burrongh of London.' " This William Bnrroucjh is probably the person 
whom Mr. Style appoints his executor. The Rev. George Burro uirb wrote his 
surname, Burroughs In the latti^r part of his life, as is shown in the facsimile 
of liis anlograph in Uphnin's Witchcraft, vol. 1, p. 280. In the Roxbiiry churcli 
record it is spelled Burrows. He was admitted to full communion in tbe church 
at Roxbury, April 12, lfi74, aud had a daughter Rebecca baptized there the 
same da}', and a son George baptized Kov. 2a, lti75. It is probable that he 
was a son of " M" Rebecca Burrows who," according to the Roxbury church 
records, " came fru Virginia y* she might enjoy God in Ills Ordin. in N. K." and 
who, Nov. 29, 1C74, was *' recommended & dismissed, she going for England." 
(Regl^ter, vol. 3:i, p. 2»9.) 

George Burrongh was ffradnated at Harvard College in 1070, and was a preacher 
at Casco, now Portland, MalnL\ an early as 1674. Here he re.sidctl when the 
place was destroyed by the Indians, Aug. IL 1676. He preached at Salem 
Village, now Danvers, from November, 1(»80, to March, 1G63. As early as June, 
16Sfi, he retunied to Casco, which settlement was again destroyed by the French 
and Indians, May 20, HJDO. He then went to Wells, where he w as preaching 
when the witchcraft excitement broke out. He was apprehended at Wells, May 
4» 1692, aud carried to Salem, where be was trle<l for witchcraft aud condemned. 
Ue was executed on Gallows Hill, August 19, 1002. — Emroit. J 

Edward Sasimes of London, grocer, proved 26 February 1G35. To 
wife Bennett one third of my whole estate according to the laudable custom 
of the city of London. One other third to my childreo unprovided, viz' 
Martha^ Elizabetht Edward, John and William. To daughter Margaret, 
already preferred in marriage, forty shillings to buy ber a ring, and to her 
husband Edward Parker forty shillings to buy him a ring. Copyhold lands 
in Barking, Essex, and lands in Mark*s Toye, Peering and Aldum which I 
bought of my cousin Doctor Sammes to my wife for life; afterwards the 
landk in Barking to son Edward, remainder to son William. To Edward 
the bouses and lauds at Maldon, Essex, given me by Mrs. Anastace Went- 
worth. To son Jolin the lauds bought of Dr. Sammes, with remainder to 
William and then to Edward. To &oq Edward the reversion of a copyhold 

2M fenealoffical Ghaninffn in Englmid* ^i^J* 

lying in ^ m uew Dpse in Norfolk* To my loving cODsiiis Dr» 
Sam ra ©a an wife forty aliiUiogft Rpieoev to buy Ihem rings i to my 

brother In in\ u Wrigbt and bb wife, each forty shil lings dbc.; to my 
brother ia lavi ithaEiel Wright and his wife, each forty shilliugs ^«** to 

M' BroHue preacher of St. El leu's four pounds and to my cousin 

Stone prencher in New Eoglaud fi?e poand«. To Mr, Thomas Stock aod 
\m wife forty shillings. Pile^ 2I« 

[Edward Samines, the testator, wad a son of Henry Sammes of Totham In 
Bsaext and his pi^digree is fonnd In the Visitation of l«oiidon of 1633 (ttarleian 
Society's Pub I J cations, \-oL 17, p, 22*), He married Bennet, danghter of John 
Wright of Hnmioitl Ln Essex. Hijs eldest son Edward was 12 years old in 1633. 
There are pedigTptis of Sammes, evidently tbe aaine family, in the Visitation of 
EsseXf 1634, EiarleLaD Soc. Fub,, voL 13, pp. 4ft2^. The cousin Stone nained 
waa, 1 presame, Rev, Samuel Stone of Hartford, Ct.— Edftor.] 

AiiKE Towers of Majdatone, Kent, widow, 29 October 1 653, proved 
21 March 1054 (Eii^Hsh »lyle}. To the poor of the parish of Maidstone 
five pounds, to Ise diatribnted at the discretion of My hrothor JM' Thomat 
Taylor of MaLd«^toue. To my daugliter Mrs. Dorothy Halhwaj of Maid"- 
Btone, Widow, that honae &c. wherein John Chantler Hveth, the which I 
lately bought uf Mr. Matthew Morse. To my said daughter liathway 
my house and ktida, together with my paroonage tythes in Bars ted, Kent, 
nil which are in the tenure and occupation of WilliBm Wells of Barsted, 
But my daughter Hathway shall pay to my dear mother Mrs. Dorothy 
Taylor of Maidstone, duriog her natural life an annuity of ten pounds per 
apQum. Provision made for John Taylor* eldest sou of brother Mr* 
Taylor* ftiid for his brothers. Provides also for the payment of one buo- 
dred pounds to my daughter Mrs. Anne Safils, wife of Mr. John SaS^a of 
Coggeshall in Essex, clerk. Also for the sujiplylng of my sister JIary 
Chambers with necesaaries and for the better education and putting out of 
her children. 

My daughter Dorothy Hathway to be executrix and brother Mr. Thomas 
Taylor and kinsman Mr John Turner of Maidstone to be overseers. 

Christopher Gorham and Thomas Meriam witnesses. Aylett, 342. 

[Mr. John Sams, mentioned in the will of Anne Towers, came to New-England 
In 1640, according to Savage, and settled in Roxbury. He held land in that 
town which, in 1642, after his removal, was taken by execution to satisfy a 
debt of £60. 18s. due Gov. Thomas Dudley (Suffolk Deeds, Lib. I. fol. 37-8, 81). 
Calamy says that he had his education in New-England. He was appointed 
Vicar of Kelvedon in Essex, Sept. 9, 1647, by the Committee for Plundered 
Ministers. He was still at Kelvedon in 1660, as appears by the Parliamentary 
return of that year. He succeeded Dr. John Owen as Vicar of Coggeshall in the 
same county as early as 1663. On the 11th July, 1664, Deborah, daughter of 
Jo. and Anne Sames, "vicar," was baptized there. He was ejected from 
Coggeshall under the Bartholomew act. Afterwards he set up a separate meeting 
in that place, of which he died pastor. He was buried at Coggeshall, Dec. 16, 
1672. His funeral sermon was preached by Thomas Lowry from Isaiah bciii. 1, 2. 
(See Beaumont's History of Coggeshall, pp. 62 and 141; Davids's Annals of 
Evangelical Non-conformity in Essex, pp. 363-6 ; Calamy's Ejected Ministers, 
vol. II. p. 306; Palmer's Non-conformists* Memorial, ed. 1778, vol. I. p. 498.)— 

Francis Benskik of St. Martin in the fields, Middlesex, Esq'* 26 Sep- 
tember 1691, proved 2 January 1691. To loving friends Edmund Wyatt 
of Maidstone, Kent, Serg* at Law, Richard Bings the elder Esq**, Edmund 
Ogar Esq** and Thomas Whitfield, Scrivener, cS^. all that my messuage &c. 
in Oxendon Street, St. Martin's, wherein I now dwell, for the term of years 


Genealogical Gleanings in England, 


I have to come in the same by virtue of a Lease &c. in trast, to suffer mj 
dear wife, Prances Benskin^ to take and receive to her own use the rents 
thereof during her natural life, if she keep herself a widow, except one 
room ap one pair of stairs forward and the furniture thereof, which I give 
and dispose to the use of my daughter Frances Benskiii *Scc And after 
the decease or marriage of my said wife then they shall permit and suffer 
my said daughter and the heirs of her body and, for want of such issue, my 
son Thomas Benskin and the heirs of his body, and, for want of such issue, 
my sou Henry Benekin and the heirs of his body, and, for want of such 
iastie, my cousin Edward Benskin, his executors, admiuistraiors and assigns, 
to take and receive the renta &c. of my said messuage to her, his and their 
use successively. All my plate to my wife. Eight hundred pounds to my 
daughter at her age of twenty years. Five hundred pounds to my son 
Thomas, payable out of a certain mortgage or estate in Leicestershire 
granted unto me and my son Thomas by John Platts and Theophilus Ber- 
nard. To my son Henry Benskin of Virginia two hundred pounds within 
one year. To my kinsman Edward Benskin twenty pounds. 

Fane, 3, 
[For will of Uenry Benskin see Gleanings, Part I. p. 106, Rbgister, Vol. 39, 
p. 165.— B. F. w.] 

WiLLLA-M Spencer of Cheriton 14 August 1596, proved 20 September 
1596. To my daughter Joanna tifty |XPunds^ to be put out for her use (by 
the advice of my wife, M^ Richard Burden,, parson of Tysted, Mr. Stephen 
Bacheler, minister of Whenoell [Wherwell ? ], my brother John Spencer, 
and John Osgood, m}'- wife's brother), until her age of eighteen years oj" day 
of marriage. To my second daughter Alice Spencer two and forty pounds, 
to be put out according to the order aforesaid. To my daughter Anna 
Spencer forty pounds to be put forth accordingly. To my mother ray 
sealing ring. To my eldest son John Spencer fifty pounds, whom I commit 
to tlie tuition of my mother during her Hfe, and after her to my wife again, 
and his portion to be put out for hia use according to a godly course mi til he 
be of the age of one and twenty years. To my son William forty pounds, 
to be employed as the rest before until be come to one and twenty years of 
age. To Mary Peto six pence. To my brother John Osgood my best suit 
of apparell with my rapier and dagger. To my sister Elizabeth Osgood 
forty shillings. To my brother Robert Osepod and to Richard Osgood and 
to Peter Osgood twelve pence apiece. I give a certain little gold ring to 
my brother John Spencer. To my mother in law ten shillings in gould. 
To my brother Thomas Spencer two shillings. To all my brothers and 
brotbera in law their children four pence apiece. The rest of my goods to 
wife Margaret whom I ordain and constitute sole executrix; and do appoint 
M' Richard Burden, M' Stephen BacheJer, John Osgood and John Spencer 
my overseers. To my cousin Carpenter ten pounds. My cousin Edw: 
Spicer and William Lydall owe me &c Others. Stephen Bachiler one of 
tbe witnesses. Drake, 67. 

[Margaret, wife of William Spencer the testator, was probably a daughter of 
Peter Osgood, either of Upper or of Ni^ther Wallop, Hants, whose will, dated 
Januarf 26. l£8&-4>, was proved Feb. 21 (see REOieiTEU, vol. 20, page 2S). Peter 
left a daughter Margaret, and also sons Robert, Blcharcif Peter and John and a 
daughter Elizabeth. Spencer makes bequests to persons of these uames as hli 
brothers and sifter. '* Robert Osgood, son of Fcter and named in bis will, waa 
that Robert ot Wherwell (a parish adjoiDing the Wallops) whose will dated 
Aug. 2&, 1(»80, was proved Nov. 17 of the same year.** Osgood Fi«ld, F.S.A., 
VOL. XLV. 22 


236 Genealogical Gietmingt in England. [July, 

who cfMotribaied to the Rkgisheb the iitScle ahoTc referred to, sapposes thre John 
Osgood , who settled at AndoTer, Mam. (aod who acoordiDf^ to his wiH wis honi 
July 23, 1595), was % son of Bobert and j^nodson of Peter Osgood.— Editor.} 

EoiiUKD Alletji of Hatfield PevereU, Essex, Esq'* 19 Febroaij 1615, 
proved 27 September 1616. To be buried within the diaocel of the parish 
cbarcb of Ilattield Peverell under the gravestone of mj great grandlkUier 
Gyles Leigh. To wife Alice all the plate^ implements of household and 
Other moveables she brou^t unto me at oar intermarriage, and one carpei 
€f needlework which I bought of my oousin Alabaster Wentworth dbo. 
The rest of my goods dec to my wife during her natural life, and afler her 
death to be divided into three equal parts, one to be at the free disposition 
of my said wile another to my son Eklward Aleyne, my dau^^hter Elizabetb 
Castell and my daughter Mary Hall and the last third to remain to endi 
charitable nses as hereafter shall follow. To son Robert Castell, gen*, my 
manor or farm called Bowers, in Woodham Walter, Essex, he to pay unto 
my six grand daughters* Martha Alleyne* Constance, Bilartha and Eli^ar 
beth Castell and Blargaret and Martha Hal), one hundred marks apiece at 
their days of marriage or ages of one and twenty, and to my son Edward't 
three sons, Edmund, George and Robert, towards their education ^kc twenty 
pounds a year, and to his own sons, Robert and Edmund Castell twenty 
marks a year 4&c, and to Susan the wife of Josias Franke one hundred 
pounds within one year after the death of her said husband Franke, To sou 
Edward, my manor and farm of Plomborough in Hockly Essex. Provisioo 
made for the stipend and allowance of the Vicar of Hatfield, and my cousin 
John Stable (or Stuble) now incumbent, to hold his lands free of tythe 
during his abode there in the ministry. To Mr. Buckley ten jxiunds and 
to Mr. Bachelour five pounds. Other clergymeu named. A bequest to 
Edmund Franke, son of Josias. 

Stephen Bacheler was one of the witnesses. Cope, 87. 

[Edmund AUeyne of Hatfield Peverell, the testator, waa a grandson of John^ 
Alley ne of Thaxted in Essex, and his wife Margaret » daughter of Gile^s Leigh 
of Walton, Ld Surrey. His father John' married Margaret AUitHister. Edmund 
married Martha, dau. and co-helress of John Glascock of Powers Hall, Witbam 
In Essex. She died June £, 1593. He died Sept. 12, 1616. His eldest son 
Edward was created a baronet, Jane 24, 1620 (See Wotton's English Baronetage, 
London, 1741, vol. 2, pp. 150-1, and H&rleian Society's Publications, rol. 13, pp. 
133-4 and {^3-4). His other children were John, Henry, Elizabeth who married 
Rfiberl Castell, Maiy who married Hall, Ann and Agnes. 

John Stable was presented to the living of UatOeUl Peverell, Aug. 8, 1605, 
•• Edm. Alleyno, Gen." was the patron. (See Newcourt's Repertorlum, toL 2, p. 

Matthew Wtnqk of Banbury, Oxon, taylor, 9 August 1614, proved 15 
November 1G14. To be buried iu the church yard there. To the poor of 
Banbury ten shillings. To eldest son Fulk the lease of the house in which 
I now dwell and twenty pounds iu money. To second son Thomas thir- 
teen pounds. To third son John forty shillings. To son in law Robert 
Chamberlain ten pounds. To daughter Johanne twenty shOlings. To the 
children of oldest son Fulk, viz* Anne, Dorcas, Mary, Matthew. To John 
the son of my second son Thomeis. To Debora Wynge the daughter of 
my third son John, and to John, his son. To John Nicholls son of John 
Nicholls my son iu law. To William Wynge tbe sou of my fourth son 
James, To Thomas Chaumberlayn© son of liobert Chaumberlayne my son in 
law. To the children of Eichard Gullius^ John, Thomas and Phebe. Sous 
Folk and Thomas to be executors. Lawe, 111. 


Genealogical Gleanings in England, 


John Wingb late of the Hagae in Holland^ clerk, now living in Sl 
Mary Aldermary* London* 2 November 16*29, proved 4 August 1630. 
Certain lands (freehold) in Cuckston and Stroud, Kent, shall be sold as 
soon as conveniently may be and the money thereof arising shall be, with 
all my other goods &e. dividi^d into two eqi*al parts, the one to be bad, re- 
ceived and enjoyed unto and by my loviog wife Debora and the other part 
or moiety to be equally and indifferently had, parted, divided and enjoyed 
unto and amongst all my children, share and share alike, except unto aod 
by my daughter Deborah wliom I have already advanced in marriag©. 
Wife Deborah to be eiecutrix and Edward Foord of London, merchant, 
and Andrew Blake of Stroud m Kent, yeoman, overseers. 

Scroope, 73. 

[The following extracts fn>m Q. R. ^f iscell, 5C0 (Licenses to pass beyond the 
Sea, Eliz. to Car. I.), werema^lc in the Public Kecord Office two or three years 
ago: J 

jucii" Junii 1624, Debora Wyng© iixii years old, wife of Mr. Jn"* Winge 
preacher resident in Vlishing w"^ her two children, viz* Steephen iii yeares 
old and Debora Wingo liii yeares old t»rj. ib'm. 

(Q. R. Miscell, 560-2.) 

[Thla will, taken in connection with what 1 printed in the IiicGi8TKR In October, 
1884, and January, 1885, seems to ^ivc the Wljif^ Fodigree as follows : 
Mattlu^w* Wing, of Ranhurj', died Htl4, had sons: 
Fulk,* bad son Matthew. 
Thomfts,^ had son John. 
John,* had son John. 
James,^ had sou William. 

Rev. John' Winj?, *' pastor of the English Puritan Cliurrh at Mkldlebnronfrh 
In Zeeland/' married Debiirab, daughter of Rev. Stephen Bacheler, and died at 
liOodon in ie80. He had : 

Del>oi-ah,» b. 1611. 

John»^ b* It) 13 or thereabouts, of Tannouth. 

Stephen,* b. lB2i, of Sandwich. 

Daniel,* of Sandwich. 

Matthew** had a son John, who died young. 
The will of Rev. John, here given, enables iia to expnnfje entirely S&vage^B 
reference to a first John W. of Sandwich. He did not come, bnt his widow 
Deborah (Bacliiler) did, with her ehiMren. As she was i>om tn 15"A2, it is certain 
that she was not the "old goody Wbii?" buried at Yanuouth in 1GI»2, as we 
must not create a centennarian. — W. H. WhitmorB-] 

23 Junii 1631, Steephen Bachiller aged 70 yerea, resident at South 
Stonham in Com. Sontbamptou et uxor Hellen of age xlviii yeeres, vrt 
fflushing to visite their &onns and daughterB, and so to rettinie withia two 
moneths. xxv" Junii IG31* Ann Sandburn of age 30 yeres, widowe 
resident id ye strand, vrss, Vlishing. {Q. R. Miscell, 560-22.) 

[This reference to Rev. Stephen Bachller is very interesting, as it proves the 
correctnesB of the reports as to hin gr<?at age. This wife Helen, aged 48 years 
in 1631, Is of course the one who came here with hiiu, aud who is termed by 
Wlnthrop In 1641 '*a lusty, coineiy woman." Afi Uachiler's dauftbter, Deborah 
Wing, was a mother iu 161 i, she was born in iriJiO to l.>f»rj. Mrw. Helen Bacheler, 
born in 1583, could not be her mother, and was therefore a second wife. In the 
article printed in the Reoisteii for October, 1873, on the Daltons and Batcheliera, 
I copied a letter from Stephen B. f^nn of Rev, S» In l{^8r», speaking of hi» uncle 
Francis* Mercer's wlll^ his cousin Thomas M. (who -wan »on of Peter M.) and 
cousin Pryaubc. Perhaps Mr. Waters will hereafter And these Mercers.— W. H. 


Sec also the preceding wiUa of William Spencer and Edmund Alleyn.— Eu.] 


238 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [July, 


The fol lowing article by Mr. James Greenstreet od " The Ancestry of 
Greoeral Washiogton" appeared in "The Geoealogist" for Jaoiiary, 1891 : 

It is due, I think, to the memory of Colonel Chester that it should be known 
he loDsr ago travelled over much the same ground as that which Mr. H. F. 
Wfttersi has made public in his recent pamplilet ; and which he speaks of (p. 8) ,* 
unwiitln^!;, as though It had been hitherto an untrodden track. As far back 
as 18C4, Crit4>nel Chester was aware of the connection with Lutoa; and on p. 
74 of Ills Washington notebook, in the College of Arms, the Admon. of HO May. 
1677, [re-] ''discovered"! by Mr. Waters, In 1884 or 1885, will be found duly 
set ont. 

Following the same chain of facts as Mr. Waters has since done, Colonel 
Chester likewise went to the Tring RejEfij^ters, but unfortunately only by proxy; 
and, still more unfortunately, he rested contented with the information sent to 
him by that proxy. Had Colonel Chester gone to Tring and examined the 
books himself, in all probability Mr. Waters would have been entirely fore- 
stalled twenty years back.^ On page 35 of bis notebook, the Colonel has copied 
a letter he received from Tring, from which it will be seen that he never knew 
the Re'^risters there actually chronicled the baptism of a Lawrence, son of the 
Rev. LawTfiico WaHhingrton. 

♦' From dame [Rev. C. J. Robinson, curate of Great Berkhampstcad, Herts], 
May Id, 18G4. 

*' * I have searched carefully the Par. Reg" of Tring» co. Herts, from 15^0 to 
1710. The only entries of the name of WasMngton which I could And are 

' 1641. Oct. 14t William, sonn of Mr. Larrance Waahentoa.*— 

» lfi5+-«. Jan. 19, Mrs. Washington.'— Buried. 
* No occurrence of the name is to be fonnd among the Marriages; but I should 
add that the Registers have been ill kept, and there are many gaps in them.' " 

Since the publication of Mr. Waters'a pamphlet, I have been able Ui Identify 
the Chancery salt referred to by Colonel Chester la 186C — sec Mr, Whitmore*a 
additions to the pamphlet, at p. io.f 

Chanc^tf Proceedings, Charles L, Bills and An9wen, BundU WWdS, No. 43. 
Washington veraxia Browne. 

BLM of complaint [exhibited "* 20 Oct. 1C40"] of ** your daylle oratonr Law- 
rence Washiiigtou, of Furleyn [sic], in the Countie of Essex, clfork. That] 
whereas your said oratour. In or about the raoneth of July in the eight yea re of 
his Ma**** raigne that now Is, was indebted vnto John Browne, of the Cltty of 
Oxford, in the summe of siitie & nyne pounds d eigbteene shillings, or 
thereabouts, And for security of payment thereof, at a day betwoene him & 

• Reothteb, vol. 43, p. 382. — EoiToa op Register. 

t 8urcly Mr. Greenstreot docs not mean that Mr. Wftters oapht to have cjillrd his find. 
ing thisudmon. a " re-tliscovery " when neither he tior the poS'^Uc had any knowledge of 
& previous liiscavery. Mr. Water* had no opportaniiy, as tar us ho knew, of eeeing Col. 
Choatcr*s collections and learninj^ what he had found.— Editor of Rkoister. 

J We think lliat Mr. Greenstreet is hardly wftrmnted in saving thnt, •' Hftd Colonel 
Chester pone to Tring and examinptl the books himself, in all pr<jlml>ilUy Mr. Waters 
would hnve been entirely forestalled twenty years bidck." Mr, Grceo street neenis to ignore 
one of the tiiost important dij^coveries made by Mr. Waters, namely, thiit memonrndnm 
written on the liay of the prnbato of Andrew Knowling's will, showing the presence in 
Canrt of Lsiwrence Wiishington» M.A., acting as surrogate and therefore a clergyman. If 
that paper or dome other equally conclusive evidence had not been dlHcovered» the i>edigree 
of George Washington would hiivy^ been lefl sstill fihooting in the air, Wc appreciate lUl 
highly tts anyone the rare skill of Col. Chester in geoesdogical rciieftrch and the suocees 
with vrhkh his laTwrs wore f»o olYen crowned. His editorial work on the ILirleiun Society** 
volumes, punicularly that on the [lcgi«ters on W«stniin<uer Ahiwy^ wtiich shows n wealth of 
intiqnoLriiin learaltiju^; his Life of John Rogers; hl<« contribntlons to the Register and other 
perlmlicalft; and hm \ii»t gonealogleal collection* in manuscript, now in the College of 
Arms, arc a la«itlng monument lo hia memory. The Wa#hington collections are very ex- 
tensive. To Col. Chester is due the credit of having salved problems that had baffled the 
ablest antiqusiries. — Elhtor of Ruoistbr. 

I RaoiatEB, vol. 43, p. i23»^EDiToa of Rboistek. 



Genealogical Gleanings in Engla^id, 


your oratour agreed upon, your oratour did enter Into an Obligacion to the said 
John Browne, of the penaltie of one handred & ffortie powndes, or thereabouts, 
condicioned fortlie paymotit of the said Kuuime of sixtie nyne pownds, elfjhteene 
shillings, or thereflbouts, at a day now \m»i, W'*» said* Bond the «aid John 
Brown[e] left in the hands of one M' Hamey, of London, And appointi-d yonr 
oratoor to pay the moneyes as they j^rewc due & payable . . .to the said M'' 
Hamey . . . And your oratour did , , , pay unto the s"* M' Flaruey, to his 
the said Browne's use, eeverall sunuaics of money, at several! tyme#, In part of 
HatiBfa[ction of the said] bond . . . And your oratour further sheweth, that, 
al>ont seavcn yeares since, one M' Parr, now Bifshop of the I»l]e of Man, and 
one M' Atherton Burch. having a Chamber ioyntly bctweene thoiii in lirax Nose 
Colledge, in Oxford aforesaid, they the i»aid [Mf Parr and] W Burch did, at 
their ioynt charges, furnish the same Chamber . , . And in & about such 
funiii!*hing thereof did ioyully expend aboul JTortle pownds, that Is to 8ay, each 
of them twentie pownds a peece . . . And aftt'r>vards the said M^" Parr being 
to leane the said Chamber and CoUedge, And your oratour being to t*neceed him 
in the satuo Chamber, hce the 8aid M' Parr did contract & agree w^ your oratour, 
and there vpoti your oratour . . . did buy of the said M' Parr all hii* interest, 
part & !>harc of all & every the said goods and f amiture . . . but toolie no 
particular Inventory tliereof . . . And, after tliat, your orator fluding other 
partindar goods & furniture to bee more fitting &, convenyent for Huh particular 
use, did i)rhig int^o the «aid Chanibcr several! other goods and chattolls . . . 
of the value of fllfteene pownds, or thereabouts . . . Now so it is, may it 
plefltie your good lordshipp, that your oratnur ha\ing some occasion to take a 
long journey from Oxford & and [«/c] to be absent from thence some tynie, and 
and the said M^ Burch then dying in the said Chamber, wherein all the said goods 
furniture were, whilst your oratour was absent, The said John Browne, pre- 
tending that the said AP Burch was som thing indebted to him, the said Browne, 
and hee takeing, or pretending to take or have Administracion of the goods of 
the said >ff Btirch, did not onely enter upon, and take and carry away all the 
said goods and furniture wherein the said JiP Bureh and your oratour had Ioynt 
interestjs, l)ut also all the goods and chattels whatsoever w*^'^ were tine particular 
ftiid sole e^^tate and goods of your said oratour, and whcreiu neither the said M' 
Burch nor the said John BrowTie had any colour of interest, and whereto they, 
nor cither <»f them could lay any clayme or title," ic. 

Answer of John Browne the defendant, sworn 20 Oct. 1640— Sets out that 
the complainant, being indebted to hini tJSli. ](;*,, entered into an ol»ligatioii 
dated 20 July Hjii2, subsequently buying goods of him to the amount of O^ {)», 
2J.,* *' and shortly after left his fellowship and aboade Ju the Vuiuerwity of 
Oion." The complainant has paid Xo the sahl Mr. John Haney several sums 
on acconnt, namely, about May 1G33, 40L, and, about May 16JJ6, lOi., but never 
paid any more either to Mr. Harvey or the defetulant. 

I have to express my obligation to Mr. G. E. Cokayne, F.S.A-, Norroy King 
of Arms, for kind permission to make use of Colonel Cheater's MS. 

Mr. Moncnre D. Conway contributed to the New York Nation for March 19, 
1891, an elaborate article, entitled, ''Thr Earliest WasWngxons in Virginia," in 
which he shows that a branch of the Wasiiington family was settled in Virginia 
A8 early as 1G30, a patent for laud having been taken out by Arthur Washing- 
ton in that year. Ue may have been the ancestor of the Surrey County Wa^h- 
iDgtons noticed in the KKCiU^THR for July, 1890 (vol. 44. pages 307-8), among 
w£om Arthur was a favorite name. No connection has been traced between 

• The items of this later bill are : — *' Sixc eliie.H and ti hi4t[r of] ... for two shlrti, 
and the making of them. One palre of worsted hose. Stmpps for Itootes. One paire of 
CTnye bose. One eJonke tiaugr. Seavcn yards of phillSssety, fflve yitsUU and a tm]lfe of 
nomc5. One cine uiitl n qunrterne of canvas. One yiird nntl »a {sic} half of thick cotton. 
Two yardii of haycs cotton. KiiJf nn ounce of sllkc. ffourc d[ozen] . . ns. One 
dozen of ribband pointA^ bticknini» prt^tljord & cloapos. Three qnarierncft of larRo ffrln^e. 
Ooe flkiane for pocketts. One hnlf cine of loopelaco. ... of l>elIicpeoee$. Hiilf a 

Suartcrne of taffatr. Two varda of tape. One pairc of worsted hose, and one > ard and a 
aife or eightpennyo ribbinti. One pairc of roses. Six ehiee and an (»«>) Uulle of hollatid. 

and making two Two line hoi laud lmud», and three p«ijre uf cuffee and 


VOL. XLV. 22* 


Genealogical Gleanings in England. 


ihl$ family and the Westmoreland County Washiogtons. MQch Interesting 
matter abont the varioas families of WashinjErton is f onnd In the artici*'. 

The llIa«trat(Hi article by Mr. Conway on '* The English Ancestry of Wa*h- 
liig-tiin/* annonncetl by ub In our last number (anti*, p. 05) as to be publl«*b*»d in 
Hnrper'f* Majrazine, appeared In thi* nnmber for May last. Since the pubFicHtlon 
of Nf r. Walorn's discoveries in the Rkhister for October, liSnS, Mr. Conway has 
viMited Eujjland and trathrrcil material bearing on the snbject of his article. He 
was aLso alloweti by Georpe K. Cokayne, M.A., F.8.A., the friend ami executor 
Of CoL Joseph L. Chester, LL.D., D.C.L., the useof the Washington r^Alrcktn^a 
of that di9tln|yui!!!hed antiquary contained in a thick foUo volume. Mr. Conway 
la now a believer In the theory of Mr Watern. In the Harper article are given 
the main points of the evidence In relation to the Ancestry of Washington, 
(^ne new fact of gjreat importance Is that Lawrence Washington, rector of 
Purleijflj, had a wife livinir in i«UiJ, tm shown by the order of the "Committee 
OH Ftiindered Ministers," August 15 in that year, that •* Mr. John Rocrers, minis- 
ter of the seqtiestere<l rectory of Purleigh in Dingey Hundreds do pay the fifth 
part of the tithea and proflt-s of said Itectory nnto Mr#». Washinsrton, acconling 
to a formal order of y* Com, of Plundered ministers/' On September 2oth the 
Committee *• Ordered that Mr. John Kotrers and Mra. Washington be heard on 
WcHlnesday in the sessions." < bi the last pajre of tl»e book this decision of the 
Coiinnittee is riH^orded : " lllfth port of Purleij^h ordered to the plundered 
Keciur':* wife." Mr. Conway was aLso di*>coverer of the fact found in the 
orisrinal will, that (^ol. John' Washington the emigrant had a sister Martha, 
as already announceii in the Reoistkr. Both of tlieae new facta stren^hen the 
pohition taken by Mr. Waters. 

Mr. Conway's contribution to Harper's Magazine is very interesting, particu- 
larly to tho!<»'*who have a curiosity to know all they can about the homes of the 
emii;:nint ancestor of Prcisident Washington, and of his kindnnl. Very g^raphic 
descriptions of the hitcalities are plven. The illustrations like all those In Har- 
per are of a hijcfb order of merit. They consist of views of the churches of 
Trin^ and Luton, and the baptbtry of the latter; brasses in St, James Church, 
Sulgrave; Gen. Washlnarton's seals; and fac-si miles of the autograph of Col. 
John Washington, and of eutries in the Tring parish registers. As Harper*s 
Hagaxlue has a large circnlation In England, we hope this article will meet the 
eyea of antitiuaries in the localities with which Lawrence Wa.shlngtou and his 
wife Amphlllis were connected, and that tliey \vill try to <iiscover the recoMs of 
Mr. Waiihbigton's marriage and death ; the record of the baptism of his son John ; 
the name of the living which the rector of Pnrleigh held aft^-r that living was 
seqnt stc^rMl, and other evidence bearing on the Washington pedigree.— Enrroa,} 

I hope that Mr. Conway's article will inspire the clergymen near Tring and 
Luton to examine their records for mention of I*awrence Washington's mar- 
riage. The clrcorastantial evidence of the marriage of Rev. Lawrence Wash- 
ington to Amphilll.s Rhodes is very, very strongs but not conclusive. The proof is 
Btill to be found. The fact is that a Lawrence Waahlngton, M. .\. , was in January, 
1649-50, acting in the court at which a gtiardian was appointed for one of the 
children of Amphillis Washingtou. Uutil some evidence is produced we must 
hold that this Lawrence Washington, M.A., is Identical with the rector of Pur^ 
leigh* We cannot, however, yet say that Lawrence Wa,shington, husbuid of 
Amphillis, was a clergyman, though the baptisms at Tring call him "Btr." 
It ianot tfiip««9i6/«! that'some cousin and namesake of tlie Rev. Lawrence of 
Pnrleigh, was the husband, and persuaded liim to be present at the court nnd act 
flfl surrogate. This is highly improbable; but coincidence and vh rial 

evidence are not clear proofs. Therefore until new evidence is - :hc 

Washington pedigree is not to be taken as wholly proved. — W. H. \\ ujimiirk. 

The wills of CoL John Washington and other memijers of the WasMogloii 
family which Dr. Toner was to furnish for this number of the Reoi^tkr (see 
April number, page 164) , have been received and are printed in this number, 
pag«e l^d-215.— £i>rroB. 

1891,] Commission of Gen eral David Cobb . 


co^nnssioN* of general david cobb as special 


From the original in the Cabinet of (be Sodeiy. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 


To all unto whom these Preseats shmll come 
Greeting : 

Whereas by the Coastitution «& Frame of Civil Governraent agreed upon 
by the people of the eaid Commonwealth & by them put in force and exer- 
cise upon the Jaat We<lrje9day in October iu the Year of Our Lord Oue 
thousand seven hundred & eighty & in the fifth year of the Independence 
of the TTnited States of America it la provided thnt the Governor by iwlvice 
of the Council shall appoint civil otHcers; And Whereas by a Law made 
& passed the third day of July 1782 it is Enacted that there shalJ be held 
& kept within each County of this Commonwealth at the times & places 
by Law appointed a Court of Commoo Pleas by four, substantial, discreet 
& learned persons each of whom to be an luhabitaut of the County 
wherein he shall be appoioted & they or any three of them, shall be a 
Court & have cognizance of all civil actions of the value of more than 
forty shillings ari.^ing or happening within the County triable by common 
or statute Law of what nuture or species soever the same may be & shall 
be fully empowered, when qualified as the Constitution directs to give judg- 
ment therein & award execution accordingly. And to administer al! neces- 
sary oaths & to do & Order whatsoever by the Constitution and Laws shall 
be their duty to do. 

I therefore reposing special trust & confidence in the Loyalty. 
Prudence & Ability of David Cobb, Egrjr. have by & with the advice of 
Council appointeti & do by these presents iu the name of the said Comraon- 
wealth of Massaclmsetts, constitute & assign the said David Cobb, Esqr. 
of Taunton in the County of Bristol in the Commonwealth of Massacbu- 
9etts to be one of the Justices of the Conrt of Common Pleas In the County 
of Bristol within the said Commonwealth of Massachusetts in all causes 
wherein any of the standing Justices of the said Court are or may be in- 
terested, concerned, or necessarily absent & Do hereby authorize & 
empower you to have, use^ exercise, & execute all & singular the powers 
& jurisdictions unto a Justice of the said Court belonging or iu any wise 
appertaining so far as relates to the causes aforesaid; & you together with 
other the Justices of the said Court not interested in the said causes (or 
any two of them) to give judgment therein & award execution thereupon 
& to do that which to Justice appertaiueth according to Law. 

• This Commiseion is written entirely witli a pen In an elegant en^roastni? hand. The 
Qoremor's signature was affixed at the end of the document and not under the grcmt sail 
M is qsuaI. 

For » memoir of Gen- David Cobb, by the Hon. Francis BayUos, with a portnitt, tte 
Bboutbk,vo1. xvUi. |)p. d-17.— Ebitob, 


242 LetUrofB. 7. Pirimio Oen. Ikmd OM. ijMj, 

In Tkstimokt whebeof T have canfted the Public Seal of the Commoo* 
wealth of Masaachusett© aforeaaid to be bereuato affiled. 
Witness John EIancock E&qr* Goveraor of the said Comojoii wealth. 

Datei> at Boston the seventh day of June in the Year of Our Lord 
Ooe Thousand Seven hundred *fe Eighty-fonr & in the Eighth Tear of th€ 
Independence of the United States of Ajnerica. 

By his ExoeUency'B Commaiid JOHM Hahoook. 

With the Adyioe Si Conscoit of 


John Aybbt junr. Secretary. 

Bristol 88. Jane ye 12th., 1784. 
The within named David Cobb took the oaths & stibscribetl the 
Deceleration required by Law to Qallefie him to Excute the trust 
herby repos'd. 

before W. Spoonee 




From the original in tlie Cablneft of the Society. 

Philada. June 17, 1775. 
Dear Friend 

I omitt no opportunity of writing to yon. I wish yon conld return the 
Compliment ; I am as well as great exertion of Body & mind will admit 
of. I have not time to be very formal, & may tell you in a few words 
that we have unanimously chosen George Washington Esqr. to be General 
of the American forces ; we have voted & orders are taken for sending in 
the most speedy manner ten Companys of Riflemen to join our Army ; 
efifectual measures are taken to support the Army & all Continental 

By Advices from England the Ministry are determined to push, & the 
people there & in Ireland seem more disposed to favor, us ; if we can but 
stand the shock of this Summer we hope to be upon a better footing; be- 
fore this reaches you, we expect you will have a large reinforcement of 
Ministerial Troops at Boston. I hope our people will be very wary of 
Surprises ; we have likewise appointed General Ward first Major General ; 
these matters above I have license to mention to you tho* as our system is 
not compleated, it is expected that none of these intelligences be put in the 
news paper. The General will soon set out for Boston — pray take care of 
my family — inclosed I send a proclamation w**** you may present together 
with my compliments to Mr. Bamum — let my wife read this Letter — I 
have not time to write her — hoping yr happiness I am 

y' friend & servant, 
To R. T. P. 


David Cobb 
Pr. M'. Fessenden Massachusetts. 



More about the Wheelwright Deed* 



The following letter has been received from the Hon, CqabLES 
H. Bell, LL.D., of Exeter, N, H. 

To THE Editor of the Beotster : 

Some years ago I read before the New Englaod Historic Geoealogical 
Society a paper (since printed in tbe "John Wheelwright" volome of the 
Prince Society) in which I pleaded for a suspension of judgineut in respect 
to the authenticity of the Wheelwright Deed of 1G29, which had been im- 
pugned by the Hon. James Savage, Dr. Routon and others. I raaintained 
that the evidence then known did not conclusively prove the deed to be a 
fabrication, but that tliere was a possibility that the instrument was the 
veritable act of John Wheelwright, 

Wheelwright was oii May 17, 1629, the date of the disputeii deed» and 
for years before and after» the vicar of Bllsby in Lmcolashire, England. 
If be was there, at his pmt^ at that date, or so near it aa to leave him no 
time for a visit to America and a purchase of lands from the Indian Saga- 
mores before the day on which the deed purf>orted to be executed, then 
the deed could not have been his handiwork. Otherwise it was possible 
that it might have been. 

On this |>oint I adduced the statement of the late CoL Joseph L, Chester, 
who had made an examination of the papers relating to the parish of Bilsby 
to the Registry of the Bishop of Lincoln. It was the duty of tbe vicar to 
fiigti the yearly trafiscript of the parish registers on each successive 2otb 
day of March, Cob Chester reported (Register, xxii. 360) that the trans- 
cript fr^r March, ICiU, was missing, and that there were no data to show 
that Wheelwright was at Bilsby on that day, or within nearly a year of it, 
before or after. If that statement had been correct, as from the well kuowa 
thoroughness and accuracy of Col. Chester there seemed no reason to doubt, 
the records of Bilsby afforded no evidence that Wheelwright did not come 
to New England in the spring of 1629. 

It now appears tliat Col. Chester's report was erroneous. Dr. Henry B. 
Wheelwright, of Newburypoi-t, has recently made a thorough examination 
of the documents pertainiug to Bilsby, in the Bishop's Registry of Lincoln* 
ADd has ascertained that the transcript of 1629 is in existence, and bears 
the signature of John Wheelwright, There is every reason therefore to 
believe that he was at Bilsby on the 25th of March in that year ; and it is 
almost increflible that he could have visited this country, and accomplished 
a purchase from the Indians before the sacceeding 17tii of May. 

The evidence in regard to the genuineness of the deed is thns essentially 
changed from what it was when my paper was written ; and there now re- 
mains scarcely room for question that the disputeil instrument was an 
ingenious fabrication. 

It is only jnst to the memory of Col. Chester to add that the error in his 
statement is not believed to be chargeable to bim. No doubt he reported 
correctly on the papers shown liim, and had the assurance that they were 
ail that related to the parish of Bilsby. But it is supposed that by a mistake 
of the custodian, the transcript which bears so materially upon the credibility 
of the Wheelwright purchase of 1 G29 was never brought to his notice. 

Charles H. Bell. 

S44 MmriafeBofMmtiBmiA^ BiiJj^ mti im^ Mm$9. [Mf, 


Fbom Masch 4, 1725, to Aueun 8, ISOS. 

Of tiM Her. JbhB Aigiar (nttM 17H died ABcfl I4» 17B7), and Ob B«r. SnoNl 
Aiigiar,* liii lOB nd eollci«w (nitCd 1787, died Jmu 1^ 

bj ihe Ber. Hmr F. Jsno, AJf^ of 
' In y»|ioewBilou of Miw May iL B 

[OoDtfauMd ftm piBB 14S.] 

lanry. SOtti. 176^—1 marr/d Eleai^ HIU And Anna Field, both of 

Maj l^Lh. 1769 — Abmham Jossaljn, Juor. of Pembrook, Mad Eanioe WSk 

of Bridgwater were marry '4 by Saml* Aogier of Bridgwmter. 
Julj 6th. i76d^o«epb Ford aad Betty Hoirard, both of Bridgwater wwo 

marry'd by Samuel Angier. 
Oct<»br 2d, 1769— ^ohn Mudgon and Bethiah Otia, both of Bridgwr 

were marry 'd by Saml, Angier. 
I^avr. 15th 17S9 — Seth Brett^ Jar. and HaBaniia Tinthiiiii, both of Bridg- 
water were marry'd by Samuel Angler. 
Novr. 23d. 176d^Josbiia Barrel Jiir. and Oliye Baas, both of Bridgwater 

were marry *d by John Angieri and Moaes Symmona and Lois Hay ward, 

both of Bridgwater, were marry 'd by Samuel Angier. 
Decenibr. 4rh 17C9 — ^Isaac Kingman, Jar. and Content Packard, both of 

Bridgwater, were marry*d by Samuel Angier. 
Jany. Slst 1770 — James Loring and Jane Kingman were marry'd by John 

March 15th. 1770 — Isaac Kingman and the widow Ruth Loring were 

marry'd by J. Angier. 
Mar. 29th. 1770^Nehemiah Washburn and Ruth Egerton, both of 

Bridgwater were marry'd by Samuel Angier. 
(Returnd to the Clerk April 6th. 1770.) 
April 12th 1770— Obadiah Reed of Abington and Elisabeth Shaw of 

Bridgwater were marry'd by Saml Angier. 
May 3d. 1770 — John Edson and Judith Shaw were marry'd by Saml. 

May 17th. 1770 — James Hendrey and Mehetabel Hall, both of Bridgwater 

were marry'd by Samuel Angier. 
Novembr. 20th. 1770 — Stephen Washburn and Sarah Faxon, both of 

Bridgwater, were marry'd by Samuel Angier. 
Decembr. 4th 1770 — Joseph Symmonds of Pembroke and Elisabeth 

Chamberlain of Bridgwater, were marry'd by Samuel Angier. 
Febry. 5th 1771 — Joseph Allen and Mehetabel Cary, both of Bridgwater 

were marry'd by Samuel Angier. 

(Returnd to the Clerk, Septr. 30th. 1771.) 

• Rev. Samuel Angler's wife Jadith was daughter of the Rev. Thomas Smith of Pem- 
broke, not Joshua as stated in the note on page 12 in the January number. Thomas Smith 
was a graduate of Harvard College of the Class of 1726. See Barry's History of Hanover, 
Mass., p. 876. 

1591.] Marriages of Ea^t Pariah^ BridgewaUr^ Mass, 245 


Octobr. 16th. 1771— Hugh Orr of the Niue Partners in New York Govern- 

meot, and Agnig Corbett of Bridgwater were raarry*d by Saml. Angier. 
Octobr, J 7th. 1771 — Christopher Sever and Haiiuah Ilardeu, both of 

Bridgwer, were marry 'd by Saral, Angier. 
Decembr. 25th. 1771 — Ephraim Cary» Jur. and Jane Holman, both of 

Bridgwater, were marry'd by Samuel Angier. 
Jany. 2d. 1772 — Thomaa White of Bridgwater and Hannah Green of 

AbingtOQ, were marry^d by Samuel Augier. 
Febry. 6th. 1772 — Cuph Ashpot, Nathao Mitcliera Negro man was marry'd 

to Elisabeth Quay, a Molatto girl brought up by Anthony Winalow; 

they were marry'd by Saml. Angier. 
Novembr. 27th. 1772 — Joeiah Otis and Susanna Orr were marry*d by 

Saml. Angien 
Deer. 2d. 1772 — Robert Robinson and Bethya Kingman were marry'd by 

8. Angier. 
Jaury. 20th. 177S — Pompey Freeman of Bedford and Lois Hill of Bridg- 
water, Free Negroes, were marry*d by John Angier. 
Febry. 27th. 1773 — Eleazar Barow of Eocheater and Jane Sherman of 

Bridgwater^ were married by Samuel Angier. 
March 1 7th 1 773 — Solomon Washburn and Ann Mitchel, both of Bridg- 
water were marry'd by Samuel Angier. 
March 25th. 1773 — Seth Reed of Number 5 in the Massacbosettfi Bay, 

and Thankful Whitmareh of Bridgwater were marryM by Saml. Angier, 
April 29th. 1773 — Sclpio Pouus, David Keith's Negro Man, and Elifeabeth 

Cesar a free Negro Woman, both of Bridgwater, were marry'd by Saml. 

August 5th. 1773 — John Whitman, ye third & Abigail Whitman, both of 

Bridgwater, were marry'd by Samnol Angler. 
Sept 6th. 1773 — Richard Smith of Taunton & Rhoda Reed of Bridgwater 

were marry'd by Samuel Angier. 
Becembr. 14th. 1773 — Joseph Wesley & Margaret Robinson both of 

Bridgwater were marry'd by Samuel Angier. 
April 21st, 1774 — John Keith of Hardwick & Ann Belcher of Bridgwater 

were marry'd by Samuel Angier. 

These marriages returned to ye Clerk May 5th. 1774, 
Jane 21st. 1774 — Asa Keith and Susanna Gary, both of Bridgwater, were 

marry*d by Samuel Angier. 
June 30th. 1774^^Abram Packard and Freelove Dyer, both of Bridgwater, 

were marry'd by Samuel Angier. 
Sept. 22d. 1774-^William Vinton & Susanna Robinson, both of Bridg- 

waler^ were marry'd by Samuel Angier, 
Sept 30th. 1774- — Joseph Vinton of Braiutree & Anna Hill of Bridgwater 

were marry'd by Samuel Angier. 
Novembr, 22d 1774-^Levi Washburn & Molly AJlen, both of Bridgwater, 

were marry'd by Samuel Angier. 
Novembr. 24. 1774^ — Silas Kinsley of Easton & Rebecca Packard of 

Bridgwater, were marryM by Samuel Angier. 
Febry. 2d. 1775 — Elisha Records of Pembroke & Ruth Chamberlain of 

Bridgwater, were married by John Angier. 
August 3d. 1775 — Peleg Stutson of Abington & Ruth Gurney of Bridg- 
water, were marry'd by Samuel Augier. 
August 31st 1775 — Peter Whitman & Sarah Wright, both of Bridgwater, 

were nmrry'd by Samuel Angier. 


Notes and Queriet, 


October 30th, 1775— Sylvanus Lazel & Abigail Robinaoo both of Bridg- 
water, were marry*d by John Angler. 

Novebr. 16th. 1775— Nehemiah Shaw & Molly HilJ, both of Bridgwater, 
were marry'd by Samuel Angier. 

January 24th* 1776 — Nathan Alden, Janr. & Sarah Barrel were marry'd 
by Samuel Angier, both of Bridgwater, 

April 18th. 1776— William Snow and Jenisha Hill, both of Bridgwater, 
were marry *d by Siimuel Angier, 

May 21st. 1776— Isaac Allen, Junr. & SyMa Brett, both of Bridgwater 
were marry'd by Samuel Angier. 

June 12th. 1776— Seth Reed of Number Fire m the County of Hampshire 
& Mary Lazell of Bridgwater were marry'd by SamL Angier. 

June 13th. 1776— Josiah Newton of Brookfield & Hannah Sberman of 
Brids^water were marry'd by Samuel Angier. 

June 25ili. 1776 — Alexander Munro <fc Mary Hutchinson* both of Bridg* 
water, were marry'd by John Angier. 

August 8th. 1776 — Azariah Beal & Bathsheba Bisbo, both of Bridgwater, 
were marry M bj Saraael Angier. 

October 3d. 1776 — Mr. Adam Porter of Abington & Mrs, Deborah Gannett* 
of Bridgwater, were marry'd by Samuel Angler, 

Decembr. Slst. 1776 — ^Hobert Yoang & Molly Kingman, both of Bridg- 
water, were marry'd by Samuel Angier. 

January 13th. 1777 — Adiia Wmalow Cliff & Bethia Orr, both of Bridg- 
water, were marry'd by Saml. Angier. 

Febry. 19th, 1777 — Pelatiah Gilbert of Brookfield & Sarah Whitmau of 
Bridgwater were marry'd by John Angier. 

Febry. 20th. 1777— Eliab Washburn & Molly Lazel, both of Bridgwater, 
were marry'd by Samuel Angier. 

April 17th. 1777— Obadiah Hearsey of Abington & Naomi Reed of Bridg- 
water were marry'd by Saml. Angier, 

May 8th. 1777 — James Richards of Newtown & Dorothy Packard of 
Bridgwater were marry'd by S. Angier. 
Theae marriages returned to ye Clerk July 7th. 1777. 



Borough English,— As a fruitful object of Investigation for those inter- 
eatt^ In gcneaiogical research, 1 beg to suggest that of Borough EngUsli aa 
indicated by early New-England wlUs. The Engliali homes of enough New 
England immigrants are kuown, so that the connectloii betweeu mauora In 
which this copyhold custom obtained and the familleji wliich have indicated a 
preference for the youngest son in their wills could be traced with comparative 
ease. In one family, known only to have come from a county in wMch Borough 
English was common, 1 have noticed this preference in four generations. 

The cnatom, which seems? to ha%^e little connection with boroughs, is a manorial 
custom of descent. Its history Is obscure and has been nnsulisfactorily exploited. 
A p!auslble theory is that it is a survival from the pre-Celtic tnlmbitauta of 
Bnglancl. A discusiiioii of the institution ia contained in one of the cimpbera of 
Elton's Origins of English History. 

II my theory is correct that those Immigrants who manifested a preference 

* Daughter of Capt. Joseph Gannett. 


I^otes and Queries. 


in their wiUa for the youngest fion wero from manors in wiiJch tliis costom 
obtained, some of us» 1 faucy. will hnvc to yield up tlio thought of a coat of 
arms, for the iofercnce, I believe, would be ttmt our ancestors were villeins 
adacripli fflrbw. CUARLEB K. WiLXlAMS. 

Siovx CUy, Iowa. 


GKNEAtoorCAi. QiTERiRS. — The andersigned will be thankful for information 
in regard to any of the following persons : 

Whone son was Capt., later Lieut. -CoL Stephen Clark of Eppinp, N. H., an 
officer in the Revolution^ and when and where wa^ he bom V Who was Mary 
Pelrce, who married Jan. 24, 172:i-4, Henry Clark of Newliurj, Mass., as his 
second wife? Whose dao^iiter was Keliecea Wrttson, married Mareh 2C,, 1747, 
Stephen Clark of Newbury, Mass.? W^hat was the maiden name of Mary, wife 
of Moses Merrill of Salisbury, Mass.? Tliey were married about 1708. Whose 
daughter was Susanna Perry or Perrin, who married in 17ri3 Ehenezer Clark of 
Newbury? Who were the parents of Elizabeth Perkins '* of the Isle of Shoals," 
-wUo married. 1715, Thomas ClarJc of Newbury? Whose daughter was Judith 
Lnnt of Newbury, Mass., married ITOD, Dr, Parker Clark of Machias, now In 
Me. ? Who were the parents of Catherine Bean, born April 7, 1725, married Jnlv 
10, irr.C, Ueury Clark of Camiia, N. H., and died Aug. PJ, 17()l»? Who were 
the parents of x4blgail Francis, born Oct. (J, 173^, married, as third wife. May 
10, 177Ut Ilenry Clai-k of Caudia, N. H.? Who was Hannah* wife of Euoch 
Clark of Greenland, N. H.? She was born Jmj. 2(1. 1711, and die<l April 0, 1746. 
Wlio was his second wife, Mary^ born April 28, 1710? Who were the parents of 
Marv March, born Maieh 25, 1732, married An*?. 23, 175t), Euoch Clark of 
Greenland, N. II., and died Feb. IS, 1M«? Joseph W^oodwell of Briil^'owarer 
married, Boston, May 2(>, 1720, Sarah, then of Ilinju:ham, widow of Jo.siah Clarke 
of Boston, and dautfhtcr of John ChmnlM?rlin? Where did Woodwell live? It 
is desired to ascertain what became of John and JoslaJi Clarkti^ children of Mrs, 
Woodwell by her llrst husband. The records of Plymouth County, deeds And 
wills, have been examined. 

The writer has been tryinij to answer the&e questions for the past ten years, 
and any assistance will be appreciated. Geokoe K. Cl-ikke, 

Frencti*— 1 . What became of Richard French, who was in Cambridge a short 
time, where he had a sou Samuel b. July 13, ItioS? He waa one of the grantees 
of Billerica in lGri2. bat there Is no record that he ever removed there. He 
livetl, when in Cambridge, on the estate formerly of Nicholas Danforth, which 
lie sold to Edmund Angler, Oct. 8, 1G54, after which time I have found no trace 
of him. He was perhaps brother of William and John of Cambridge. 

2. Was FrauLis French, wlio came over In the Defence in lG3o with William 
of Cambridge and Billerica, the *" son, brother, or nephew" of William? Hla 
age is given In the cvisiom honae records as 10 years. He has been considered 
by somi* as the son of William, but I know of no proof, and no mention of blm 
Is made In the will of William French. 

8. Samuel French, the pioneer of Dunstable, 1&82, is stated by Savage to be 
tUc sou of Lieut. William of Cambridge and Billerica, and has been so con- 
sidered by others. But his first son Samuel, b. Dec. 8, lllli), d. July 15, lrt-46t 
and thereis no reeonl of the birth of any second Samuel. Moreover, William 
in bis will makes no mention of any son Samuel, although this Samuel was at 
the time living aud unmarried. Can any one fnrnish any proof as to the re- 
lationHhip? J. M. Frkncb. 

Milford, Ma$3. 

Bbv. Samitel Skelton, FmsT Minibteb at Salem. — What Is the aathortty 
for the commonly accepted belief that be was from Lincolnshire? Was he a 
clergymnn of the Church of England before coming to New England, and if so 
is the name of his parish known? Any infonnation in regard to him will be 
appreciated. E. C. Fklton. 

BUelton, Fa, 

TOL. XLV. 23 


Note$ am 


Society for ti« PiiopAiiATioN ov rna Gohpkl m Nkw Knglakd. — Who 
were the •• Conuuis^ionors residinit in New £iiglAnd" for the *' Society for the 
Propagation of the Gospel in New Eiijslaiid, and Parts adjacent in America/' be- 
tween 1720 and 1750? Neol, in his Hi!stoi7 of New £D;c;laud, g\vQs the nAmi^ 
of the Commissioners in Gov. SUutc's time, and aiwonfj; them are JooAtlian 
Belcher, and Col. Adam Winlhrop. He alsio ^ ves details of thia work as carried 
on t>y John £liot, bat of their later operations there appears to l>e but little 
record. A " Skct-ch of the New-England Company," printed in England, in 
18H4, states that the appointment and superintendence of the miasionaries were 
In the handH of the Commissioners Ln New England, who were appointed by the 
Corporation In England. Apparently there was a Treaj4ttrer, also, in Boston. 
Are any of the records or papers of this Society now In existence? 

S15 Asylum Avff., Hartford, Conn. Maiiy K. Talcott- 

[The reader who wishes to know more about tlila Society is referred to the 
Reoistkr, foL 3G. pp. Isr-Gl; vol, 39. pp. 29-30, pp. 179-S3» pp. 29d-4J0l j ToL 
42, pp. 32D-30. These articles do not, however, contain an answer to the above 
qneries. There are two other societies with similar names which are still tn 
cxistcuce« The first is '* The Society for the Propagation of the Gospel Ln 
For%!ign Parts," charteretl in 1701 by William III. The oUier is "The Society 
for Propagating the Gospel among the Indians and others in North America," 
Chartered by the State of Massachusetts in 1787 (See Register, vol. 39, pp* 
182-3). In 18ii7, on the completion of a century of the existence of the latter 
society, a memorial voUimo was issued, which was noticed in the REOisTsa, toL 
42, page 829.— Editob-] 

AKCEdTRY Wanted,— Information will be thankfully received coQceming the 

ancestry in cither male or female line of any of the foUowlnji; named families. 

Hints as to where I may look for the information will be acceptable- 
Samuel Bleaker (Bleecker?), of Bucks Co., Pa., whose daughter .Judith 

married, 17rKi, Joseph ELlicott. 
Sarah Brown, Bucks Co., who married, 177r», Audrew EUlcott. 
Ann Bye, Bucks Co., who married, 1731, Andrew EUlcott. 
John iiaiidall, bora 1746; lived in Dutchess Co., N. Y. Perhaps from Rox- 

bury or Stratford, 
Elizabeth Buckbee, who married the above named John Randall, 
llarinab Carman, who married, 1727, Barent Van Wyck- 
Sarah Field, who rnarrletU 1(55*7, Jonathan Whitehead of Long Island, 
Mary Griswokl, who married, U)84» Joseph Cooley of Springfield. 
David Bates, whose daughter Sarah married, 17tf2, Nathaniel Douglass. 
Phebe Tappan, who married, about 1730, the above named David Bates, Mor- 

rlatown, N. J. 
Esther Reed, who married, 1755, David Douglass, Hanover Neck, N, J, 
East 34th Street, Nevo York. Chables B. Cithtis. 


Appleton Qukrtks,- I am very desirous to learn the date of death of the 
f olli "W i n g A ppleto ii s : ^ 

Elizabeth, b. li>54, wife of Richard Dnmmer of Newbury. 
Ilannaii, IG52, wife of William Dowues of Boston. 
Joanna» b. about 1670, wife of Matthew Whipple of Ipswich- 
Martha, b. about 1690, wife of Joseph Wise of Ipswich. 
Elizabeth, b. 1713, wife of David Payson of Kowlcy. 
PrUcilla, b- 1697^ wife of Arthur Abbott of Ipswich, 
Martha, b, 1708, wife of John White of Haverhill. 
Hannah, b. 1711, wife of Thomas Swain of Reading. 

W. S, Afpleton. 

Snow-— I would be glad to learn wliether Daniel Snow, who moved from 
Rutland, Mass., about 1700 and who died in Marlboro', Vt., about 1812, was a 
descendant of William Snow, who was born about 1G24 and who was one of 
the first settlers of West Bridgcwater, Mass, FIcaae addresa S. S, Snow. 

Lock Box 6f Spencer^ Iowa. 


Notes and Queries, 


HooEKK. — Informadon wanted of descendants frona Martin and Rowland 
Hooker— brotbere— who went from Ccmnecticat to Tlnmmith, Vermont, about 
one htuidred years ago. Also of descendanta from V»?rannH C. Hooker, who 
Hired at Sutton, Mass., about tiftv years ago. Address, E, IIooker. 

289 Gate* Ate., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

CB2DAN, Cahoon, Dowxino, — I woald like to correspond with those wbo are 
Interested in the fainiDes of Creilaii, Cahoon and DowTimg:, with a view to 
obtaining better Infonnation of tlu' imreiitagc of Martha Credati, who, as the 
widow of Benjamin Crane, Jr./ married Jainmry 4. H197-.S, Samuel Terry; 
Rebecca Cahoon, who married Dec. 18, 1717, James Green of Coventry, R. I. ; 
Margaret Dowiilng of Springfield, Mass., who married July 18, 1734, Isaac 
Terry. Mabtin H, Stafforu. 

Bojt 3393, New York. 


TVeTMffirt— Information is liesired respecting the antecedents of Philip Tre- 
main. who died in We.stHeld, Mass., 1743. His widow Rebekah m, before 1747t 
Cooley of Sprin^lleld. 

PhiUips,— Who were the parents of Penelope Phillips, who m. Jane 8, 1701. 
SamncI Ler>nard of Sprintifleld? 

7\7/i^.— Who were the parents of Elizabeth Tilly, who m. May 21, 1653, 
Thomas Merrick or Mirick of Springfield? Fraxklin Leonard Pope. 

Elizabeth, N. J> 


Lady Axtell. — 1 have always been puzzled to nnderstatid why William Pratt 
In his Jonmal, Regihtkk, xxviil., 4f>H, pave the title Lmly Axtel to Rebecca, 
widow of Dardel Axtell, whose will I communicated to iho Reoistku, xliv.^ 5L 
I think I have juBt fonnd the explanation. In the last Calendar of State l*aper8, 
Colonial Series, America and West Indies 1B(>&-1H74, Isalist of the LandgraTes, 
Cassiqiies and Deputies In Carolina. Daniel Axtell was one of the Landgraves, 
and the title Lady was very nntnrally lijiven to hia widow In consequence of the 
position held by her husband during his Uf e. W. S. Appleton. 

Historic AT. Intei^lioencr. 

Mr. A?rT» Mrs. Edwajii> E. Salisbury of New Haven, Conn,, arc printing, 
•♦privately,*' aiul Imve nearly completed, a book of *' Family Histories and 
Genealniries." It is not a mere collection of namen and dates, but a hook of 
family-history, adding to previoUH information many new facts which have 
been obtained abroad, an well ai? iu this country. The book will be of j^reat 
and ever-iTicr*^asinij interest to present and future gfeneration.s of the families 
specified, and their allies, and also valuable to fjenealogUts, antiquaries, and 
historians, in general. The work comprises monojjraphs on the families of 
McCnrdy, Mitchell, Lord, Lynde, Dighy, Ncwdi^jate, Willoughby, Griswold, 
Wolcott, Pitkin, Os^deu, Johnson, Dlodati, Lee, and Marvin; with notes, more 
or less fall, on the families of Buchanan, Parmelee, Boardman, Lay, Hoo, 
Locke, Cole, DeWolf, Drake, Bond, Swayne, Dunbar, and Clarke. The text, 
Indexes, and armorial bearinirs, accompauled by thtrty-one large folded pedli^roe 
charts, on bond paper, will be in three vohimes. large 4to. The edition is of 
three hundred copies, of which nearly two-thirds have been sold or otherwise 
appropriated. Mr. and Mrs. Salislniry will g^lve further information, on ap- 

TiiK History of Medway, ani> the Cooswklls in AlfSBICA. — The Rev. 
E. O. Jameson of MilUs, Mass., the author of these two boolia.llBS a few copies 
unsold. Price t6 for the former and $7 for the latter. 

Mtk 8oeieik» amd iMeir Pt9€tedimf$. [Jtiljr« 

BOJKW H CTOWI T gB Bama OK^AfMDi-— Tte Tv^sll^ifaf^ yicoi^ or 

ito fll WMNrlift. Gta flBf ruder of ih#ltenvnBe^*^***i>^^'^ 

U l^t Ui« b»t« Mt. IVKuan B*kM. of PfaSladetiikM, piWIahed «l BmI« « ir 
Is tJNs FreMdi taa^wg* (ill Ui« abvrcnb!)««. Tfce wdwr, m mtu t tw of tte 
«f F JM ii t l pfc h^ «■«» wvO ksonra m « ili uimiel i Madac of Maitti7. 
«•» of tit fMr 4nerfe»ii» tbte to write f«p^ w^ In FrwA Md _ 
Bit ipofft d«M»^es to be prmerreA la aa Eo^Htb ^rem for tli« lMQt4& 
itadeott of tmr tvnAaikm tAd lU hiticny. W« a» hap^ to bkfors cmr i«ad 
.ttat Mr. Thcmimii WfOlog Btlch of Pti"*4*yr^^ a son M tbe antbar, bat tit 
ilt«l tlie «ofk flDcl a will tooB beMbUdieilb? MaHTi. Farter * Coatts of 

OtSfKAi^^OCn 131 FmEf^MMiwrn^—Pentm* of tlie •«f«fl9t atnea are adrited to 
Attaltb tlw eompHlan of tteto geo«aIo^M wiUi nmrdt of tlieir own 
«ad olher lafoiwialiofli wlikii tl^ tUafc maj lie uatfaL We wotdd 9 
al ftctJi of fflitrait inattiBlii^ fiini^ Uatoij or chanctcr be eon 
aqiActelf J nenrlae under iht U. B. ^ovcnuEaft, Uie lioldliis of othier 
nadaalSoii frotn college or profestloaal edMMb^ ooeapotlon, wltii places and 
wflt of btrtkft, n^TTUtgm, leeldenoe and death. Wlien tiiese are more than one 
efafftHaa atmt tH^ timid all be glrcn In full If possible. Ho Mtltlt should 
ba Qted wb«o Um Ml tumm are jEnown. 

'0ii{)liidl.^IloD. EdwtM F. Johnton of Wotmrn* Mtsa.. has l» prpp&mtloD 
lit ftneyoo of tliis f amiiy, rt-kllii^ to whScb he has csonsldetmble senE^alogit'al 
4iia» Et Inrttea i^rreijwtHlcQce. The fnv-,'^- ■- * «fC4*tided from John Bol- 
fDch of Bnyl/JM, who marrliK), tirsi, Eliia- -^toa^L Nov. 3, lTt6. and 

»e<x>ndly, Mary Peabody, May 10, 1739. He died about 1774. 

Chapman. — Rev. Jacob Chapman of Exeter, N. H., is collecting records for a 
genealo)[^y of Edward Chapman of Ipswich, Mass., and his descendants. 

Lane.—T]\e first volume of the Lane genealogies, by Rev. J. Chapman and 
Rev. J. n. Fltts, is now in press at Exeter, N. H. It Includes the families of 
William Lane of Boston (1050) and of Capt. John of York Co., Me., and Capt. 
John of Flshersfleld (now Newbury) N. H. It is an 8vo. volume, 9 inches by 6. 
The price of Vol. I. is Three Dollars a copy. If it exceeds 300 pages, the price 
will be in the same proportion. Orders for the book should be sent to Rev. J. 
Chapman, Exeter, N. H. 

Volume II., including the families of William of Dorchester and of the brothers 
Job and Jamps of Maiden, to contain full names of all descendants, named Lane, 
and the children and grandchildren of daughters married into other families, is 
In the hands of Rev. J. H. Fitts of South Newmarket, to whom all communica- 
tions should be sent. 

8turtivant.—}A.T. Walter H. Sturtivant, P. O. Box 62, Richmond, Maine, is 
collecting records of the Sturtivant family. 


New-England Historic Genealogical Society. 

Boston, Massachusetts, Wednesday, January 7, i5P2.— The Annual Meeting 
waH held at Jacob Sleeper Hall, No. 12 Somerset Street, this afternoon at 3 
o'clock, the President, Mr. Abner C. Goodell, Jr., in the chair. 

The report of the Council was presented by Mr. Henry Williams. It contained 
abstracts of reports to the Council by several committees, namely, Rev. Henry 


Societies and their ProceedingB, 



A. Httzon for the* librarr coinrnlttfje, Mr. Albert II. Hoyt for the committee on 
piiblicntion, Mr. Hamilton A. UUl for the committee mi nu'iiiorlals, Mr. John T. 
Hai^sam for the committee on English research, Mr. GrcnviUe l£, Norcrons for 
the committee on the sale and exchanjirc of books, Mr. Georg^e K. Clarke fctr the 
committee on the roIL* of membership, Mr. Henry H. Edes for the eommittee 
on printing and stationerj' and the committee on the Society's Records, and 
Col. Thomas Wenlwurth Hifjijinsou for the committee on papers and essays. 

Mr. Benjamin B> Ton*ey, the treaaarer. reported that at the beginning of 1890 
there waj* on hand §77.30; the Income during the year waa $4,181.71, makini; a 
total of ^.25[».01 : and that the expenditurea were $3J26,C4» leaving a balance 
on hand of $1,132.37. The total amount of funds belonghig to the Society 
wa« $76.3U8.6ft. 

Mr. William B. Traak, In behalf of the tnistees of the Kidder Fund, reported 
the recoipta iuclading balance at the bejiflnuinjLf of the year were $1527.80, of 
which 81t»:i.48 had bt^n expended in the purchase of books, leaving $IG4.33 on 
hand. The Fund araoontj* to $2CM30. 

Mr. Nathaniel F. SaflTord, chairman, made the report of the nominating com- 
mittee. A ballot was taken and the followin'r oOicors were chosen : 

Prp^dent. — Abner Cheney Goodell, Jr., A.M., of Salem, MiUis. 

riV('.JVr*iV7<»Nf».— William Endlcott, Jr., A.M., of Boston, MasH. ; Hon. Joseph 
Williamson, A.M., of Belfast, Me.; Joseph Biirbecn Walker, A.M., ^>f Cnncord, 
K. H. ; Hon. James Barrett. LL.D., of Rutland, Vt. \ Elisha Benjamin Andrews, 
D.D., LL.D,, of rrovidence, U. 1.; Hon. Edwin Holmes Bngbee, of Killingly, 

Biconling SecrHnty. — G. Arthur Hilton, LL.B., of Boston, Mass. 

Correspondififj **?<?cr^Cory.— Francis Henry Brown, M.D., of Boston, Mass. 

Dreaaurer. — Benjamin Barstow Torrey, of Boston, Masa. 

Librarian.— VjZTfi Iloyt Byingrton, D.l>., of Boston, Mass. 

Members of the Ctmnril for llirce Years.— lion. William Clnflln, LL.D., of 
Newton, Mass. ; John Tyler Hassam, A.M., of Boston, Mass. ; Henry Williams, 
A.B., of Boatrm, Mass. ' 

Francis H. Bro^^ni, M.D., the corresponding secretary t reported the natnes of 
fif ty-flve gentlemen who, durLu«j the year, had accepted the memliership to which 
they had been elected: namely, two honorary and fifty -three resident members. 

Mr. Hamilton Andrews HilL the historiographer, reported the names of thirty- 
one members who had died during the year, and of six inembera who died In 
previous years but who^e death.s had not been previously reported. 

It was vofccil that owin^ to the lateness of the hour the reatllng of the pre§i- 
dent^s annaal address be pt»Btponed to the next stated meeting. 

It was ahso voted that the president's address and the several reports be re- 
ferred to the Council with full powei's. 

M» In 

Old Colony Historical Society. 

Taunton, Masa.^ Mondni/, April 13, 1S91. — A qaarterly meeting was held this 

g in Historical Hall, the president, Rev. S. Hopkins Emery, A.M., in the 


The president delivered a brief adih'esa. 

Dea. Edjcrar H. Heed, the historiographer, reported sketches of the members 
who had died dnriny^ the quarter. 

Lient. James E. Scaver read a paper on the Military History of Taunton. 

Capt. John W. D. Hall, the librarian, reported the quarterly additions to the 
library and cabinet. 

Maine IIisToiticAi. Society. 

f^Offtland, Satunhvj, May 9, 1891. — k stated meeting was held this day in 
liftXter Hall, the pret»ldcnt, James P. Baxter, A.M., in the chair. 
At the afternoon session, Dr. James A. Spalding read a paper giving an 
account of a United States expedition to Africa in 1843 to punish the mordcrers 
of Capt. Farweli of ViLssalboro'. 
Hon. Josiah U. Drummond presented a carefully prepared bibliography of the 
laws of Maine. 

A paper in relation to the old Oxford County Lyceum of Paris, Maine, by 
Hon. Horatio King of Wafihiogtou, D. C., was read. 
VOL. xlv, 23* 

252 icrology of Historic Genealogical Society, [Julyi 

Itev- nem^ 0. Thayer of Llmiugton fead chapters from his volome on 
Po^tham Colony »<>Ofl to be pohllshtKl by tbe Gorges Sock-ty. 

The pr^ideot, Mr, James V. Baxter, was ftppoiutL^l a dele^ftte to Ihe cetebim^ 
tloTi of the Koyal HiaityriaU Society of Montre«l. Canadtt* on the a7th of tlw 

Mr. L. B. ChaptOAU wasappoiflted a committee to aapervi^ie the pnblleation 
of tbt* seventh *Qd elghtU volumes of the York Deerla, prepared by the late Mr. 
Williiiro M. Sar^cnt^ in order to tswure the sub)*criptit)Ti of the state. A tine 
portrait of Mr. Sargent was presented to the Society by hia widow, Mrs, Mabel 

At the evening session, Mr. Hubbard W. Bryant, the secretary, read extracts 
from rtie joaTual of Rev* Joseph Moody (IlaadkercliJef Moody) of York, Me., 
dat-Mi 1720. 

Jud^e Bonney read bloj^raphical sketches of John Tripp and William Barrows, 
who were iugtm mental in founding Ht^bron Academy and who did gallant wvx^ 
vice in tlie RevoSutiDnary war. 

Rhode Isi^ahd Histobica^ Society- 

Prnriiienee, Tm^^Siitfij, I)eri'mht>r 30, 1890.^-X stated meeting waa held this 
evening, the presideiit, Gen, Ilnratlo Rogers, In the chair. 

Ilenrj' F. Waters, A.M., of Salem, Mass.. ^ave an aceoniit of the sources of 
geiiealofrlcaJ information In England and related some of his experience bi his 
rt???eArciiew In that country. His discoveries of Ibe birthplace and parentage of 
Jivlm Harvard, of the parentagG of Kos^r Williams and the ancestry of Prest- 
deut Washiuijtou are famUiar to the r«ad«n* of the BsaistKK. 


Prepared by Hamilton Andrews Hill, A.M., Historiograplier of the Society. 

The Historiographer would inform the Society, that the sketches pre- 
pared for the Register are necessarily brief in consequence of the limited 
space which can be appropriated. All the facts, however, which can be 
gathered are retained in the Archives of the Society, and will aid in more 
extended memoirs for which the '* Towne Memorial Fund," the gift of the 
late William B. Towne, is provided. Four volumes, printed at the charge 
of this fund, entitled "Memorial Biographies," edited by the Commit- 
tee on Memorials, have been issued. They contain memoirs of all the 
members who have died from the organization of the society to the year 
1862. A fifth volume is ready for the press. 

The Rev. Henry Martyn Dexter, D.D., was bom in Plympton, Mass., 
August 13, 1821. He was the youngest child of the Rev. Elijah and Mary 
(Morton) Dexter; his father (Brown Univ. 1806), was Congregational minister 
at Plympton for more than forty-two years ; his mother was the only daughter 
of the Hon. Nathaniel Morton of Freetown, Mass., and the sister of the Hon. 
Marcus Morton of Taunton, Governor of Massachusetts 1840 and 1843. On the 
maternal side, his great-great-great-great grandfather was Ephraim Morton, 
who was the youngest of the five children of George Morton, merchant of York, 
England. George married in Leyden, Holland, July 23, 1GI2, Julia Ann Carpen- 
ter, sister to the first wife of Dr. Samuel Fuller and to the wife of Governor 
Bradford; his second child and eldest son was Nathaniel, the author of New 
England's Memorial; Ephraim was born on the passage to America, in the 
Ann, in 1623. 

The subject of this sketch graduated from Yale College in 1840 and from 
Andover Theological Seminary in 1844. He was ordained pastor of the Frank- 
lin Street Church, Manchester, N. H., November 9, 1844. In 1849, he was settled 



1891.] 2{€crology of Historic Genealogical Society. 253 

as pastor of Pine Street Chnrch, now Berkeley Street Chtirch, Boston, as the 
successor of the Rev. Austin Phelps. IIo resiijrTied this chartie in IHOT, \n onler 
that he niletht devote himself iium^ cxclujiively to the oditorsblj* of the " Con- 
^regationaiist/' with wMch he had been associated »iuce 1851 . From 1859 to 18C6 
Dr. Dexter was one of the editors of the ** Conj^rej^ational Quarterly." From 
1861) to 1871 he was actinir pastor of the Pilj?riin Church, Dorchenter. 

In accepting membership in the New-Enfflaud Historic Genealogical Society, 
Jaly 4, 1^62, Dr. Dexter wrotR : ''Various clrcnrastances have within a few 
▼ears specially turned my thougrbt^ In the direction of the researches which it 
loves and promotes." From this time he began to be recognized as an authority 
npou everything relating to the fathers and early history of New FIngland, and 
especially in referencju to the eccle^Iaslicfll polity which was brought to these 
shores by the Pilgnins. He became the chief historian as w«?'ll as the ardent 
defender of Congregationalism ; and the resulti* of hLs patient investl nations on 
both sides of the Atlantic, and of his learned studies, will enure to the benefit 
of the chnrches of his order for generations to come* 

Dr. Dexter was elected into the American Antiquarian Society and the Massa- 
chusetts Hir^torical Society In IMG!). He received the degree of D.D. from Yale 
College (he had previously received it from Iowa College), in 1880, and of 
LL.D. from the same institution in 18i*0. It in said to be the only iusttance in 
which Yale ha-s given D.D. and LL.D. to the same man. He was found tlead in 
his bed, at his home in New Bf'ilford, on the morning of Novemiju'r i:J, 1890; 
and, two daya later, fnnerul services were held over his remains in the Berkeley 
Temple, iio.ston, in the presence of a large and representative congregation. 
He left a widow, and one son, the Kev, Mortx^u Dexter, Yale Coll, l8>;7. Mrs. 
Dexter (Emeline, second daughter t»f Simeon and Mary (Caldwell) Palmer, of 
Boston) did not long aorvive lier husband. She was born November 1, 1823, 
was married November 19, 1844, and died, in Boston, February 24, 1891. 

Charles AumsoN Richardson, son of Elisha and Harriet (Blake) Richard- 
son, was bom in Franklin, Mass., October 9, 1829, and may have been baptized 
by the distinguinhed theologian. Dr. Eunnons, who closed his active ministry 
of flfty-four years in tliat town at about that time. His early years were spent 
on a farm, where he worked hard, picking vip by the way such learning as he 
could obtain in the local schools and academies. He ardently denlred a col- 
legiate education and a ministerial career, but he lacked the requisite means, 
and his health was not good. By dint oi economy and persistency, however, 
be studied for some time at the state nonnal schools In WefiLlleld and Bridge- 
water, and then tauy;ht for several years in Dedham and other towns, earning 
high praise in that vocation. Coming to Boston In 1854, he spent a year or two 
in the employ of John P. Jewett i, Co., who had just been made famouH by the 
publication of *• Uncle Tom's Cabin": and on the 1st of January, 1850, he 
acquired on interest in the " Congretjatloualist.'' and took the position of 
managing editor. From that time until his death, thirty-live years later, his 
personal history was Identifled with that paper. " Its growth in circulation, 
itM etdargement and its improvement in every direction, the grafting on of 
new departments, Its steady progress towards the ideals of excellence, —these 
things," we are told, ** are dne in great measure '* to the far-sightedness and In- 
ventive genius of Mr. Richardson. His jounialistle ability was of a hieh order. 
" The qualities which he strove to cultivate lu others, and whicli he exemplified 
in hifl own style, were acctiraey, clearness and condensation. His eye was 
quick to detect mistakes, and he was facile In applying remedies." 

In 18«',«;. Mr. Richanlson published a volume called *' Household Readings," 
tn which he reproduced a judicious selection from the columns of his paper* 
In 1867 the " Recorder," a religious paper established by Dr, Jedidiah Morse in 
181 «, was consolidated with the " Congregationalist." 

Mr. Richardson joined the church tn'Franklln in his sixteenth year; later, he 
was a member of the church In Dedham, of which the Rev* Dr, Burgess was 
the minister; and on his removal to Boston, he joined the FiiNt Church, 
Chelsea, of which he was a prominent and useful member until the time of his 
dicath. He was superintendent of the Sunday school, and a deacon: and he 
held several positions of responsibility in the denondnation to which he be- 
longed. He received the honorary dejsree of M,A. from Dartmouth College Id 
1685. He was admitted to the Historic Genealogical Society April 2, 1884. 

Mr. lUcbanlaoQ died after a very short iilacss, January 18, 1891, at tlie Hotel 

IM ^^^^B Hook I^oiicts. [July, 

fimcnl took plAfl« fifMii Uii!s Flrsl Cliardi, Clieii»e», «id wm lu^elj sttemded. 

Mr. Rfcbarditon miuTliKl at WctttQelii. Maj A^ 1S52, MB17 J«q« Fhippi^ (Uttghr 
ter of Joh» Bilft» and Mai^ line (Ssaiip) FUpps; she Mrrtv«t, wiib two 
^iJMrca, f otu* dlJkezi hvriQg died p»fVlMial;. 


[TsA Editor veqoest^ parsmit fending ttoolu f«r uocice to cuie, f^ w» talhmaKi/m of 
r^eiVt tiM |)tlce of each IjucOe, with tbe mnouni 10 be dddcd Rir pottage vtna i«i( bf 

Capi* Juhn M*imn, Ifir Fnundrr nf Nifvif Mttmptihif^i tndvdinff hi* Truci on Msvh 

fottndltimh J6*JfK thr Amtnt^ttt CU^rltT* it* whifh h« vtika f^rtint^, with LMen 

and other Ilt^vtrirnt DitrHmrnU ; and a MHtitnr bg fftp tut** VbarIMA W. 

TiTTTi^, Ph.D» Edileij, with Historical lUiwIa-mtiojw, bv Joti.v WdJiD Dean, 

A.M. Bc«U)a: Piiblbheci by the PriDCO Soctety. IMl, Fcp, 4to. pp. 4»S. 

0ir Fardinattdo Gorgeg and hiM PmeltiM of Mainf., ine^udhtff Ai> Traeta etUUltd A 

Britsf JSfi'Uion, IG22, ami A Bri^ Narratii^n, 1&5S. Am*^rk*m ChanengmmitA 

in kim^ and t>ihi?r pnprrs ; with HistOTical Illustratinns and a Memoir by JAiaBS 

P. Ba^tkil A.m. BoBtou ; PuhUshed by the Prin<ie Swiety. 1*90. S rala* 

Fc|i, iVo. Vol, L, pp. 2«8: Vol, II., pp. 270; YnL III., pp, 553. 

Ttioa*, the ktesl pttbUcatinoa of tho Prince Society, contain auh^lantiflUy aU 

tii&l bi known of tbe foauilcr^sof New H*!np»Wrc and Maine rtK^pectivirly ; »nd 

embrace much of tU*? ^iarly history of thoae province*, as it is couftrmcd by tJi« 

most recently discovered evidence. 

The tlrst nmued work conni^ts of a Mccioir of Capt. Mason* prepared by the 
Ute Charles W. Ttiitle, Ph.D,, with his chamcterlstic care and accnmcy; an 
account of Mason's PlantAtions on the Pitftcataqiia, conipilM by John Wajt^ 
Dean, A.M., from Mr. TtilLle'** memoranda and other aourccn; a copy of 
M«8cin*s Ilrief Blutcoursc on Kew-lQQnd-SLand* as onpnally Is^ned in 1@20; 
timoscripts of Mason's several prrants, from that of Mariana in lfi22 to tlic royal 
charter of OiJirk's f . in u;,;rj ^ and Farlous letters and docuiiiout-* ri'latiTig to his 
connection with America. 

Tlie early history of no part of our country has received so much additional 
lip^ht from documents discovered within a generation, as that relating to New 
Hampshire. Early writers on the subject were misled by the difficulties arising 
from imperfect and fallacious materials, as for example, the conflicting and 
overlapping grants of territory, tlie want of information respecting the site of 
the province of Laconia, and the inexplicable statements contained in certain 
documents purporting to be of early date but probably fabricated three fourths 
of a century after their pretended execution. Many of these sources of error 
have since been rectified by the results of the researches of John S. Jenness and 
others ; though it must be confessed that there is still room for further elucida- 

The most recent historical treasure-trove bearing upon Mason's rights as 
proprietor, Is set forth at length in the work, in the form of a certified copy of 
a royal grant to him in 1G35 of the province of New Hampshire, together with 
the poicer of government of the same. The instrument w^as unearthed while the 
book was going through the press. It evidently indicates the authority intended 
to be vested in the patentee, even if it failed by reason of his unexpected death 
to pass through some of the forms necessary for its validity. 

Mr. Dean has in this volume corrected the errors of former writers, and 
supplied the facts and explanations which they lacked ; so that he who would 
learn the early history of New Hampshire, so far as it is connected with the 
Masonian patents, amended to conform to the latest authorities, will find it in 
this volume, and iti no other place. His editorial work is marked by thorough 
investigation and exact statement, and the present issue of the Prince Society 
will be held as equally correct and worthy of reliance with any that has pre- 
ceded it. 

♦* Sir Ferdinando Gorges," edited by James P. Baxter, A.M., who has within 
a few years attained a deservedly high position as a historical writer, is a 
memorial of the patentee of Maine very similar to that compiled by Messrs. 


BooJc Notices, 







Tattle and DeAti of John Mason. It dlflfers from It, however, in the fact that 
the history of tlie grants to Gorges has not boen tracfitl to a latter period than 
the date of his d^ath. It U understood that in a work yet to appear, Mr. Bax- 
ter may pursue the subject farther. 

Volume I. contains a Memoir of Gnr^e!«» by the editor; and a copy of Gorges' 
Brief Relation of the Discovery and l*lantation of New England, orijjinally 
published in if\22 ; Volume II,, a reprint of Gorces' Brief Narration (or Descrip- 
lion of New England, as ihn head linens give it), odfjinally i^iioed In 1658, the 
charter of Maine, tlie Will of Gorgen and geneah^gical notes respecting: hia 
family, documents pertaining to tin* history uf Maine and letters; and Voliime 
III. is composed almost wholly of correspondence between Gorges and his 

It will be perceived that Mr, Baxter was rich in materials. He sought 
•ssidnonsly for all that was to be found bearing upon ids snhject, In this country 
and in England; and nothing that persevering inquiry, backed by ample pecu- 
niary means could procure, ia wanting. Indeed It may almost be said that there 
was an tmihtirrnH df rkhfSHe. for many of the letters contain no facts of conse- 
quence, and serve to swell the bulk of the volumes. Of course, however, It 
would be t45o much to expect tliat eorrenpondence obtained at such trouble and 
cost should be omltt<"d from a worlv of this character. 

Mr. Baxter has vindicated the nn^juory of Ferdinando Gorges, the grandson 
of the patentee, from the suspicion of foisting upon the public tlie Wonder 
Worliing l^rovidence of Edward John.son as the protluction of Sir Ferdinando, 
in the collection of tracts issned in liiSO' under the title of America painted to 
the Life. It was without «juestion a trick of the publisher^ who had on hand a 
©umber of copies of Johuson*s work, which he hoped to sell by using this nn- 
^firorthy artifice. The younger Gorges exposed the attempted deception by an 
sement in the only newspaper of the time, of which the sole surviving 
U now In the British Museunu 
t is certainly a boon to hi«t<jrScal stndeuts to bring within the limits of three 
hAnd.some volnnics an account of all the known arts and prodnctions of one 
who was so grently instrumental in the early colonization ttf this country as was 
Sir Ferdinando Gtjrges. Vni tlie part of the editor this has beeu a labor of love. 
From his well known character for enterprise, liberality and accuracy, we may 
feel Justified In believing that while nothing important pertaining to his subject 
has been overlooked, so also no pains have becu spared to insure the avoidajice 
asd exclu.slon of error. 

By the lion. Clmrha H. Bdl, LL.D., of Exeter, K. H. 

The Discovery of Amfriefi by the yorthmen, 985-1015, A Discovrsc delivered 
before the Xeic Hampshire Historical Society, April 24, 1888. By the Rev. 
EDMirsT> F. Slafteu, 1>.D.. a Corresponding Member of the Society, Honor- 
ary Member of the Koval Historical Society of Great Britain, etc. etc. Con- 
cord, N. H. : Privately PriuUid. ISIU. 8vo. pp. 24. 

The near approach of the fourth centenary of the discovery of America by 
Columbus, in 1492, creates a fresh interest in the Pre-Columbian discoveries, 
and we are glad to welcome in print tids discourse on the adventures of the 
Northmen by a scholar so well qnalitled a» the Rev. Dr. Slafter is to treat the 
BTibjcct in an exhaustive and impartial manner. Fourteen years ago he edited 
for the Prince Society a volume entitled '* Voyages of the Northmen to America." 
hich book was noticed tay us in July, 1877- In that work Dr. Slafter gives 
lids readers all the facts concerning the discoveries by the Northmen in the 
tenth and eU'venth centuries, preserved in the Icelandic Sagas, and in their own 
words; with a critical examination of the evidence. The conclusion he then 
arrived at was that though there is presumptive evidence that the Northmen 
Tiatted these shores, no authentic traces of their residence here can be found. 
He has not since found reason to change his opinion. 

n the work before us the author gives a Incld statement of the historical 
facts on the . subject which the Icelandic Sagas liave transmitted to our days. 
He then gives an account of the manner In which the several namitives have 
n preaened, at tlrsl. and for more than a century, as oral tniditions, and 
afterwards as written documents, adding a critical estimate of their reliability 
and value. Notice is taken of the old mill at Newport, the Dighton writing 
rock» and the skeleton In annor. claimed as relics of the Northmen, but which 
are shown to have no right to such & claim. The author arrives at tlds coo- 

256 Sooh NMcei. [Jolj. 

chislon : ** Tested bf Ihe Cuions VtmX the most jndldoos s^^holars liare adopted 
In the inre^tlgmtSoa of all earij histoTj, w« cannot doobt that the Northmea 
made four or Ire voyages to the coast of America in the last part of the tenth 
and the first part of the eleventh centnriee; Chat thef returned to Greenhmd 
with cargoe<i of grapes and timber, the latter a very ralaable commodity in the 
markets of 1x>th Greenland and Iceland ; that their abode on oar sbores waa 
tempor&iT; that they were mostly occupied in explorations, and made no 
preparations for establishing any permanent colony: except their temporary 
dwellings tbey erected no stractnres whateyer, either of wood or of stone. We 
have intimations that other voyages were made to this continent, bat no detailed 
account of them has survived to the present time. These few facts constitute 
th« substance of what we know of the Scandinavian discoveries. Of the de> 
taUa we kDOW little; they are involved in indedniteness, uncertainty, and doubt. 
The place of their di9t landing, the location of their dwellings, the parts of the 
country which they explored, are so indefinitely described that they are ntterty 
beyond the power of identification." 

Adam nnd Annf Mott: Their Ancestors and their Deteendanta, By Thomas C. 
Con?rKtx« their grandson, Yonkere. N. Y. Printed for the Family. Pough* 
keepsie, N. Y, : 181K), Royal ^vo, pp. 418. A few copius only left. Price §8. 

The Champityn Qfnealog^. A History of the Defendants of Henry Champion of 
Saffhrook and Lyme, Ccmn., togetht-r xrtth Some Account of Other FamilU$ of 
the Name. By Francis Bacm^k Tbowbridge, New Haven : Printed for the 
Author. 1891. 8vo. pp. &5«. 

The GeneaJat/y of the Famfiy of DeEtkelbf or Ex>ell^ of th€ North Ridinff of th^ 
Countu of York. By Rexky Douglas Eshillby. 1891. Privately Printed. 
8vo. pp. 89. Edition 40 copies. 

Michael HiUegas and hit DeacendanU. By his great-trranddangbter Emma St. 
Clair Whitnky. Edition Private. 100 copies. Pottsville: 18i*l. 8vo. pp. 

A Genealogy of the DefC^ndantt of John Thomson of PlffmoMth^ Mom,, and 
Sketches of FamiHeg ofAUen, Cooke and Hutchinson. By Charles HrTcmw- 
BON TuoMPsoN of Lansing, Mich. Lansing: 18&0. 8vo. pp. 272. Price 


The numbs, J63S-1800. By H. B. Plumb. Peely, Luzerne County, Pa. : 

June. 1890. Oblong 4to. pp. 66. 
History of the Eberharis of Germany and the United States from A.D. 1265 to 

A.D, 1890 — 625 Tears. By Rkv. Uriah EBiUiHART. Donohue Sl Henne- 

berry, IMnters and Binders. 1891. I2mo. pp. 263. Price f 1.75. Sold by 

the Author, Chicago Lawn, Cook Co., Hi. 
Th9 Samuel Ames Family : A Genealogical Memoir of the Descendants of ,S^amuel 

Ames of Canterbury, N. H., Six Oenerations, 1723-JS91. By Jonx Kimball. 

Concord, N. H. : Printed by the Republican Press Association. 1890. 8vo. 

pp. So. 
William and Anne Unbinson of Dorchester, Mass. Their Aneest(>rs and Ds- 

scemlants. By Ei>ward Docblkday Harms. Boston: Press of David 

Clapp &, Son. 1890. Royal 8vo. pp. CO. Edition 250 copies. 
AnreBiry of Calvin Guild, Mnrrtaret Taft, Jaines Humphrcfjs and Rebecc^i Cavell 

Martin, inrluding ovtr One Hundrt'd Sttrnamea, 1620-1890. By HoWAKD 

Repwoop Gitild. Printed l)y tlie Salem Press Co. 1891. 8vo. pp. 42. 

Edition 200 copies for private circulation. 
History of the Dudley Family. By Deax DtJi>i,EY. Number V. Wakefield, 

Mass. : 1891. Royal 8vo. 112 pages. Price $1. 
Genealogy of Several, Branches of the WhHtemore Family. By B. B. Wmrrfr 

MORE. Nashua^ N. H. : Francis P. WMttemore, Printer. 1890. 8vo. pp. 106. 
Our Family Record. By Jamiss M. LoRnro of 8t. Louis, Mo. 8vo. pp. 22. 
Robert Wilitams of Roxbury, Mass., and his Descendants. By Edwasld H. 

Williams, .Tr. 189 1. 8vo. pp. 29, 
Soine Dv»Ci:mhjntA of William Sfiwyer of Newbury, Mass. By W. S. Appleton. 

Boston ; Press of David Clapp St Son. 1891, 8vo. pp. 11. 
Edward Ball and Some of his Descendants* Compiled by NicaoLAS Ball. 

189 L 8vo. pp. 15. 




Book Notices. 


We continue tn this number our quarterly notices of recent genealoglcul pub- 

The Tolume on the Mott family which heads our list is an elegant specimen 
of this kind of Ijouk. It is handsomely printed on line paper, with nearly one 
hnndred elegant illustratiouH, consisting of portraits, views, maps, fac-siinllest 
etc. Several family documents are preserved in fac-simile, among them the 
mardage certitlcat* of Adam Mott, Jr. and Phoebe Willet, 1731, ttitfned by them 
and twenty-seven of tbeir friends as witnesses. Adain Mott, wliosc ancestors 
and descendants in various lines are here given, wan born on Long Island, <.tct. 
11, 17C2. The book, which proBerves much interesting genealogical matter, ia 
well compih d and has a good Index. 

The next book, the Champion Genealogy, is a neat and compact octavo, 
prlntetl on tldn but durable paper with ample margins. The research has been 
very thoro^viih. and we believe that every male line has been c^irried down to the 
prei*ent Keneratlou. Beginning with the fourth generation it has been Mr. 
Trowbridge's endeavor to carry female lines four generations. The genealogy 
l8 well arranged and the biographic details are full. The indexes have some 
Improvements by the compiler. Prefixed Is a tabular view of the heads of 
families for the first five generations, which will be of fn'cat assistance in trac- 
ing families. There is a valuable appendix. The illustrations, consisting of 
portraltvH, news, etc., are numerous and Ctnc. 

The Exelby Genealogy Is by Henry D. Eshelby, F,8.A., of Birkenhead, 
Cheshire, England, an able antiquary and the honorary treasurer of the Historic 
Society of Lancashire and Cheshire. The pedigree of this family Is traced 
back to the conquest. Much lutere^jtlng genealogical and historical matter is 
pfeserred in this handsome volume, which is illustrated by engravings and 
tabular pedigrees. It is well indexed. 

The next volume contains a memoir of Michael Hillegas, treasurer of the 
Dnite<l States, I775-.89, who held other offices of tnisL He was born at PhOa^ 
delphia, April 22, 1729, and died there Sept. 2t), 1S04. He was a son of Michael 
and Margaret HillejEjas, natives of Gennany. His great-granddaughter, Mrs. 
Whitney, of Potts ville. Pa., has In this book furuislied a fitting bioij:raphy of 
him, with a full genealogy of his def^ccndants. It has a valuable appendix and 
a good index. It Is handsomely printed and is embellished with a flue portrait 

>of Mr- Uillegaa. 
The Thompson Genealogy contains all the genealogical matter contained in 
the book of Ignatius Thompson, published In 1841, which is one of the rarest 
of the rare genealogies which bring gi'eat prices. It also coutains a great deal 
of matter collected from various sources by Mr, Thompson of Lansing, who 
has rearranged the whole on the Regis teu Plan. The compiler deserves credit 
for the manner In which he has performed his labor. The book is well printetl, 
Illustrated by portraits and ha^ full indexes. 
Tlie Plumb volume is devoted to the descendants of Jobn Plumb, an early 

■ aettler of Wethersfleld, Ct. It is well compiled and well printed. 
The Eberhart volume, besides a good genealogical account of the Eberharts 
of Genoany and the United States, has au '* autobiographical sketch of the 
author, including many reminiscences of ministerial and army life." It is an 
interesting and valuable book. 

The next volume Is devoted to the descendants of Samuel Amea of Canter- 
bury, N. H., whose father, Daniel Ames, settled, in 1714, in tlmt part of Exeter 
now Newmarket. The book Is well compiled, with an index, and makes a hand- 
aorae volume. 

The Robinson Genealoify is by Mr. Edward D. Harris of New York city, 
whose genealogical work in known to be thorough and reliable. William Woh- 
IxiBon, bom 1707, was a great-grandson of William Robinson, au early settler of 
Dorchester, and his wife ilnuo Trott was descended from Elder Thomas 
Trottof Dorchester (See REaiSTKB, vol. 4S, page 79). The ancestors and de- 
BGeodaots of this couple are well set forth in this compllatiou. A table shows 
their ancestors. 

■ The Guild pamphlet is devoted to the ancestors, and not to the descendants, 
of the persons named on the title-page, who were the grandparents of the com- 
piler. The plan is to begin with the earliest ancestor in each name and give a 
record downward in a single line. Four tabular charts at the end show at a 
glance the various lines of descent. 




The next pamphlet is the flfth number of Mr. Dudley's praiseworthy History 
of tlie Dacltcj Family. Aa an extra Dumber has prcviousty been lit»ned, six 
riLimibers or over GOO pages have really been published. This part, like the pre> 
k.Tlou8 issues noticed by us, bs dcroted to the ^nealogy, biography and history 
fof the various* families of Dudley. Mr. Dudley ha-* been engaged for over forty 
yeant in collecting materials for this book. We trust that those interested will 
send In sub.scriptions to him, that he may be encouraged to continue the pab- 

The Whittemore pamphlet contains an account of the Whitteraore family of 
Hitchin, Uerts, EnKlaud, and a brief account of other families. The emigrant 
ancestor of the American family was Thomas Wliitlem ore of the llltchlu family, 
who settled in Charlestown, probably as early as 1642. The reader will tind 
much valual>le matter here besides the geoealogical portion, which traces many 
descendants of Thomas of Charlestown. 

Mr. Lorimr's pamphlet contains a genealo|[?ical account of his ancestors and 
their near ki^d^ed^ beHides other genealogical matter of iuterest- 

Thc next pamphlet by Mr. Williams of Bethlehem, Fenn., ^ves four genera- 
tions of the descendants of Robert Williams, who came in ir>37 from Norwich, 
England, and settled in Roxbury. The compiler of tliis work has obtained new 
evidence alM>ut t!ie family in Norwich since he contributed the article to the 
Register, vol. 44. pp. 211-12. This will appear in a full genealogy of the 
family upon which Mr. Williams has been engaged for many years. The pam- 
phlet is reprinted from the Magazine of New-England History. 

The Sawyer [>amphlet is a new edition^ enlarged and corrected, of the article 
contributed by Mr. Appleton to the Rrgistkr for April, 1874. 

The Ball pamphlet gives the descendants of Edward Ball, who settled oni 
Block Islaiiil as early as 1G7S. The compiler, Mr. Nicholas Ball of Block] 
Island, R- 1, im a UeHcendant in the sixth generation. Ue has performed liiA 
task in a creditable manner. 


Man, Re,vrietta Sterrett BALBwrs, 
wife of Byron A. Brddwin, died at her 
reaideaice, No. 218 Michigan Avenue, 
Chicago, niinoie, March 7, 1890, after 
three days illneBs. She was bom at 
Erie, Penn., February 3, 18i0, and was 
the younf^est diiughter of the late Uoii. 
Joseph M. Sterrett and Catherine 
(Ribleh) Sterrett. She leaves to mo um 
her departure, her husband, one son, 
WRlter Sterrett Baldwin, and one 
daughter, Kate Stewart Baldwin, She 
was a devoted wife and mothtr, and 
her memory will long be cherished for 
her many good qualiticK by nil her 
friends and acquaintances. Her re- 
mains are laid to rest in the beautiful 
cemetery at Erie, Fenn. 

Mr. Joseph Linton WxTEas of Salem, 
Masfl^ died after a protracted illncaa at 
his house, 80 Washington Square, in 
that city, on Tuesday morning, AprQ 
14, 1891, aged 64 years, 6 monthB and 
10 days. He died in the some house in 
which he was bom, and the thought that 
this WAS to be the case was comforting 
to him in hie lust days. He was the 
eldest son of the late Hon. Joseph G. 
fVaters, who prcHided over the Salem 
Police Comrt from iSI2 to 1874. For 
aercifil years, the ton acted in Che 

capacity of clerk. Mr. Waters was a 
brother of our contributor, Henry F. 
WaterR, A.M., now in London; also 
of Edward S. Waters* Treo^urer of the 
Uolyoke Water Power Co^ and of 
Charles R, Waters, for many years in 
a conJidential position with the house 
of Felton & Son, Boston, and who now 
occupies the old horaesteod in Salem. 
Their mother died in November last* 
and an obituary of her wiU be found in 
this, volume of the REaisTEH, p. 174. 

From 1849 to 1864 Mr, Waters was 
either clerk or deputy collector in the 
Custom House at Salem, betni; asso* 
elated there with Nathaniel Hawthorne, 
of whom he waa an intimate iriend. 
He is referr^ to in a pleasant manner 
by the great romancer in the preface to 
"The Scarlet Letter." From 1856 to 
1872, Mr. Waters was Register in the 
Land Deportment of the Illinois Central 
R^iilroadt with headquarters iu Chicago. 
He was the soul of honor, and held 
many important trusts, not only w^ith 
that great corporation, but of several 
estates. He was one to whom was 
entrusted the guardianship of the 
orphan children of the brother of Charles 
Dickens. He was buried on Wednes- 
day the 16th, the Kev. Qeorge H, Hos- 
mer oMciating. 



OCTOBER, 1891. 




By Re\% Beshv Allen Hazkx, D.D., of Auburndale» Mass. 

Mr. Billings was a inember of our Society only two years » be- 
ing elected in October, 1888 ; it may be doubted whether he ever 
attended our meetings, and personally, he was knoAvn to few of our 
membere. But, if intelligent and hearty interest in the work of 
the Society, manifested In substantial form, amid the labors of a busy 
life, constitute a claim to remembrance in the Register, euch record 
18 his due. 

Frederick Billings was the son of Oel and Sophia ( Wetherbe) 
Billings, and was born in Royalton, Vt., Sept. 27, 1823, The 
family is traced through fifteen generations, to John Billing of 
Rowell, who took Ijis name from the place of his abode, about four 
miles from the borough of Northampton, England.* His eldest eon 
was Sir Thomas Billing, and the Hue descends thus: Nicholas', 
John*, William*, Roger% Richard'. William", William% William'% 
Joseph'^ Billings, Samuer*, John^^ Gel'*. Willtam' was the 
emigrant ancestor. He was married in Dorchester, February 12, 
1657-8, and removed to Stonington, Conn., where he became one 
of the largest proprietore. Samuel" was killed in the defence of 
Fort Griswold, when the Britiiih, led by Benedict Arnold, in 1781, 
burned New London. John", after a term of service in the Revo* 
lution, sold his Connecticut lands, and settled in Royalton, Vt. , 
where he became a leading citizen of that young town. His wife 
was Olive, daughter of James Noble, of New London ; eleven 
children were born to them, of whom the eighth was Oel^ born 
April 18, 1778* Oel Billings became a merchant in Royalton ; 
but in 1835, when Frederick was 12 years old, he removed to 
Woodstock, where he died November 19, 1871 ; his wife having 
died May 1, 1^70, Mr. Billings was the fourth of nine children, 
six sons and three daughters, of whom five are living. 

• The pedigree wm traced by tbe late Mr. Homtio G. Somerbjr. See History of Wood- 
atock, Vu» p. 689. 

VOL. XLT. 24 


The Woodstock of Mr, BIUmg8*s earlj c3njs was a very notable 
town, most worthy of the love ami loyahy which were »o deeply en- 
graved on hia heart, Few towns in Vermont » or the worlds ure 
m<vre beniitifut for ai(un(ioa* Nestled in tlie pictureeque valley of 
the OUnqufsche, with Alt, Tom and other high hill^ surrounding, 
iti viewi of hill and dale, raendow nnd forej^t, can never be forgotten 
by its fortunate inhabitants, roam they ever so far. Drawn by 
these and other attractions, the men and women who had made their 
homes in Woodstock, and gave it character, were a moat notable 
galaxy. Among thera were such men a* Charles Marah, and his 
iUiistrioua eon George P., eo long a member of Congress and our 
first niinieter to Italy ; Jacob Collamer, U, S. Senator and poet mas- 
ter general ; Andrew Tracy ; O. P. Chandler; Norman Williama ; 
Peter T. Wash bum ; Dr. Thomas E» Powers; Titus Hutchinson; 
Drs. Gallup and Palmer, whose lectures made the Medical School 
famoiis in its day » Rev. Walter Chnpin ; Nathan Gushing and the 
Danajs. One who knew little of the town recalls easily tliese names. 
In sueh tjurruundtnga Mr. Billings received his youthful im[>re&8iona 
and inspirations. He ranked well, and waa popular among his 
school- urates, having an easy facility of acquisition and expre&sion. 
In 183*J he entered Kimball Union Academy, and, in 1840, went 
to Burlington^ Vt., where he was graduated from the University of 
Vermont in 1844. He then read law with Hon* Oliver P. Chandler, 
andj in 184(i, was api^ointed by Gov. Horace Eaton secretary of 
civil and military affairs, a place he held for two years. 

An older sister, Laura, had married Capt. Bezer Simmons of 
New Bedford, who had made several whaling voyages to the Pacific ; 
and, early in 1^49, Mr. Billings yielded to the persuasions of Capt. 
Simmons and his wife, and accompanied them to San Francisco ; his 
sister, however, contracted a fever on the Isthmus, and died soon 
after they reached their destination. Here the young lawyer found 
the golden moment of opportunity open to him. The new El Dorado 
was just revealing her treasures to the world, and the tide was turn- 
ing swiftly to her shores. 

Mr. Billings opened the first law office in San Francisco, and his 
scholarly abilities were of that high order which commands success. 
The firm of Halleck, Peachy, Billings & Park took first rank. 
Trenor W. Park became after widely known as a successful business 
and railroad financier, and Gen. Halleck brought to the firm his 
West Point training and great ability, which, when the war came, 
made him General in Chief of the army. 

"The law firm was dissolved in 1861, on Mr. Billings's going to Eng- 
land in company with Gen. Fremont upon business connected with the 
General's great Mariposa estate. Mr. Billings was an influential and 
earnest actor in the exciting events of the formative period in the history 
of California, and active in the various movements for the establishment of 
law, order and the institutions of education, religion and civil government, 
through which the new State became a stable Christian commonwealth. 

1891.] Fredenck Billings, 201 

He was especially active JD «lefeating the conapirat^rs who enfleavored 
to detich California from the Union at the outbreak of the civil war* and 
in compauy with Starr King, he made a tour of ihe 8tate* in behalf of the 
National cause, everywhere electrifying the audlenceK which asseiuhled lo 
hear them \\y his patriotic appeals. Althou^jh ho was an uniiHiially 
impressive speaker and peculiarly fitted fur a public career, Mr. liilliugs 
never cared to enter political lile. He accepted the resfjonBible position of 
Attorney General of Culifornia, bat held no other political office, although 
often pressed to t^ike Dominations ior wnch oltices durin;; his residence in 
Sttii Francisco. After the re election of President Lincoln, and while he 
was recoustrucling his cabinet for his second ternji the California delegation 
in Congress urgeii upon him the propriety of giving California a reprt'&eut- 
ative in the new cabixiet, and unaiiimouislv recomiuended Mr. Billings for 
the place. Only two days before I^Ir. Lincoln was assassinated he gnve 
assurances to a member of the delegation th»t their request would he com- 
plied with. After Mr. Lincoln*8 death, the Legislature of California, then 
in session, iiitanimouHly passed a reBolution rerjuesting Preeident Johnson 
to appoint Mr. Billings to his cabinet as a rejiresentative of the Pacific 
coast. These facts attest the high estimation in which Mr. Billings was 
held by the people of California at the time when he left that State to 
settle down in his old home in Vermont" 

Mr. Billinue waa mnrrieJ March 31, 1862, to Julia, daughter of 
Dr. Eleazer Purrnly of New York city, where «he waa born December 
8, 1835. Their children are: (1) Parmly, born in San Fnincif*co» 
February 6, 1863, graduated from Amherst Collcjre 1884, nnd died 
May 7, 1888; (2) Laura; (3) Frederick; (4) Mary Montague; 
(5) Elizabeth; f<>) Khrick, l»orn October 17, 1872, died Oct. 17, 
1889; (7) Kiclmrd. 

Soon after hia marriage, Mr. BiIHngg ''closed up his business in 
San Francisco, and, after a period spent in forei^rn traveU lie re- 
turned in 18<i4 to Woodstock to make Ida home there. In 1800 he 
purchased the Marsh estate, comprising the homeetead of the late 
Charlea Marsh, the father of George P. Mar«h» which occupied the 
most beautiful and conspicuous site in that beautiful village. !Mr. 
Billings twice almost wholly reconstructed the mansion, and in the 
words of the historian of the town of Wuods^tock, 'he went on 
making additions nnd improvements, till at length in the extent of 
territory, in the variety and orderly arrangement of the various parta 
of ibis wide domain and in the convenience and elegance of the 
buihlings erectod thereon, his home on the bill came to resemble one 
of the baronial eeitatcs of the old world » and is not surpassed in 
thej*e respects, and in bcjuity of situation, by any similar establish- 
ment in New England.'" Butlii^ pctsilitm in the business world had 
become too commanding to permit tiie quiet enjoyment of his Wood- 
stock home. 

His life in California had enlisted bin intcrent in trans-continental 
railways, and es|»ecially in the Nortberu Pacitic ; and when the 
failure of Jay Cooke threw that great enterprise into Hnancial straits, 
he was led to devote his skill and resources to its rescue. This he 

2B2 Frederick BilUngs, fOft. 

(liiU and the successful completion of this vast railway was more 
largely due to his persevering wiadarn than to any other man. Such 
occupation made it necessary for him to live much in New York, 
where lie had a pleasant winter home on Madison Avenue. 

Mr. Billings belon^^ed to the clasa of men who are conetantly 
reaching after new and larger worlds to conquer. Ue had a natural 
affinity with frrent enterprises, and, during his last years, he had be- 
come one of the promoters of the great ship canal through Lake 
Nicaraugmi. lie recognized the importance t>f such a highway from 
ocean to ocean, bringing the Atlantic and Pacific slopes of America 
into closer connection. His interest in it^ like that which he had 
felt in the Northern Pacific, was that of a statesman, and when it is 
completed his name must be rc*membcred in its history. He was 
also a director or trustee in the American Exchange National Bank, 
the Farmer *8 Loan & Trust Co., the Delaware Cc Hudson Canal 
Co., the Manhattan Life Insurance Co., the ^laniiattan Savings 
Institution, tlie Presbyteriun Hospital, the Hospital for Kuptiired 
and Crippled (all of New York city) ; the Connecticut Itiver Rail- 
road Co., the Vermont Valley & Sullivan County Railroads, the 
Connecticut & Pasaumpsic and the Rutland Railroad companies. 
He was president of the Woodstock Railway Co. and of the Wood- 
stock National Bank. 

Mr. Billings avoided the peril to which too many great busineet 
men become victims ; he was not the slave of his business. To the 
amenities of literature and of life his heart was always open ; and 
every good work seeking honestly to better men's character or con- 
dition found in him a true friend. He never lost the vital freshness 
of a true Christimi character, and shared in Jonathan Edwards's keen 
interest in all tliat related to the progress of God's kingdom in the 
world. Of the illustrations of these statements a few only can be 
given. His alma ma/er held his continued interest in most practical 
ways. They culminated after the death of his townsman, George 
P. Marsh, at Rome, in the acquisition of his valuable library* rich 
in philological treasures beyond any other in this country, of which 
he made a gift to the Univer:?ity. Then this library must be suitably 
housed, and Mr. Billings proceeded, in his own munificent way, to 
erect a library Imilding, designed by the great architect Richardson, 
which, with a later addition, is one of the finest in the land. The 
College, the State and the Country must always be indebted to him 
for this great Ijenefaction. To Amhert*t College he gave, as a 
memorial of his son Parmly who died soon aflcr his graduation, 
a fund of $.^0,000, and a siniilar sum to Mr, Moody's school for 
boyi^ at Northfield, Mass., in memory of his son Eihric. 

He was a corporate member of the American B<jard of Commis- 
eioners f(>r Foreign Missions, elected in 187<J, and took deep and prac- 
tical interest in its world-wide labora, as well as in home missions. 
The town on the Northern Pacific which bears his name received the 




gift of a churcli, aa the symbol of his interest in ita highest welfare. 
And the church in Woodetcick, as well a^ tlie " brick " Preshyteriun 
church in New York* found hira a wise and constant friend. He 
never was weary of putting his love for tliem into practical forms. 
The par^onnge and the chapel of the Congregational Church in 
Woodstock are both appropriate expressions of this love ; and the 
last public work of hie life was a reconstruction of the "Old 
White Meeting House," which may fitly stand as his monument. 
This reconstruction preserves, with devout care, the historic identity 
— the ohl frame and shape, adding only such improvement and ornu- 
ment as harmonize, and the completed work is a beautiful archi- 
tectural home for generations of worshippers. Another thoughtful 
and public-spirited work for hia townsmen was the tranforniation of 
^It. Tom into a henutiful forest park, with more than five miles of 
well built roadway, where the people may seek health and pleasure 
amid the most charming surroundings. 

Another monumental work which he secured for Woodstock was 
the fine "History'* of the town, published in 1888. The author 
was his life long friend, Henry Swan Dana. The vohime is an 
octavo, of 641 pages,, printed at the Riverside Press, and is one of 
the finest town histories yet publislied of any Vermont town. 

After some months of lingering disease, borne with manly forti- 
tude and Christian resignation, Mr. Billings died at his home in 
W^oodstock, September 30, ISDO. From the address at his funeral, 
by President ilatthew H. Buckham of the University of Vermont, 
some extracts must be given. With allusion to his text (2 Samuel 
lii, 31), " Know ye not that there is a prince and a great man fallen 
this day in Israel ? " the speaker proceeds : 

"Eulogy will have fitting place on some other occasion. Ami rarely 
has eulogy a worthier theme than tlmt occasion will furnish. Many voices 
will min|jle in it. Commerce, enterprise, art, learning, charity, patriotism, 
religion, all will claim the right to be heard, and to adil their several notes 
to the full harmony of the strain. But ours to-day is a humbler mv\ yet a 
tenderer and more sacred ofllice. We his friends, you his neighbors and 
townsmen, the men and women who have grown up with him, who knew 
hira in days of youth and hardship, and whom with gruwiiig affection he 
has loved in his days of prosperity and ripened matdiood, we have gathered 
here iy this church which he built in loviug memory of the fathers and 
mothers, his and yours, whose piety was dear to him and to you, — wo have 
gathered here, not to speak and to hear such stately words of well deserved 
praise aa of others none could speak so well a^ he, but to talk to oue 
another in homely, heartfelt phrase of the frient] we have lost; to solace 
our grief by recounting the virtues which endeared him to us; to give 
utterance to those feelings of admiration, of gratitude, of love, which both 
nature and religion encourage in tis; and then as Chnstiana, with Christian 
submission, and faith, and hope, to lay his body by the bodies of hia parents, 
and his children, and his townsmen of many generations, in that beautiful 
spot where many of you will also in due time be gathered to hira and to 
his fathers and yours. Thus I know, and you know, he woutd have bid 
VOL. XLV. 24* 



me speak. And tliough, as one said of old, it is hard to tet limits to our 
feeling for such a man, I &hall hope not to offend that gentle and modest 
spirit whose presence is all about us lo-day/' 

**I note this princely character first in hits endowments. In bts intel- 
lectualt his emotioualf his moral, hi^ executive qualities, he was a gifted 
man, and his gifts were of the large and royal kind* He was not only 
largely gifted, but moat happily gifted, with those diverse and related gifts 
which at once enhance and stipplemeut each other, and together make a 
man whom other men can at once admire and love. Entering college 
some years after he had graduated, I found the fame of him still fresh in 
college tradition, the fame of his scholarship, his oratory, hi* popularity, his 
intellectual and social leadership. Of the great men of tlione times, — and 
no American college then had greater, — Wheeler and fllarsh, and Torrey 
and Benedict, — ^youthful as he was, he was almost as niuch the companion 
as the pupil, and especially enjoyed the contidential friendship of that chief 
of teachers, James Marsh. Everybody who knew him in those early days 
foresaw his brilliant career. What direction it would take uo one knew. 
It would not have surprised anyone to have it prophesied of him that be 
would be a 1 eliding advocate, or an enaineut statesman, a preacher of corn* 
manding inHuence, a literary celebrity — or what he actually became, & 
magnate in the world of business — but that somewhere, m whatever field 
he might occupy himself, he would be a king of men, everyone foreknew* 

You will all agree with me that Mr. Billings had great emotional giftft. 
He was richly endowed in the region of the affections. He had the Capac- 
ity for deep and strong love for kindred, for friends, for good men and 
women, for home, and country, and God. His susceptibilitieB were quick 
and tender. He was easily stirred to enthusiasm by the sight or the 
thought of anything noble or lovely ; and corre*«pondingly intense was his 
power of indignation against anything unworthy or wrong. Herein lay the 
secret of his marvellous oratory. Probably no man that our state has ever 
produced, and few men of our time, had such power to rouse and move and 
away the hearts of an audience as Mr. Billings had. 

Mr. Billings was great and princely also in his activities and enterprises. 
Most men soon come to the Umtt of their abilities. Up to a certain point 
they grow with their occupation and succeed in it. But sooner or later 
there comes a time when the event, the complication of business, the case in 
court, the monetary crisis, is too large for the man and ruins him. Then 
it is that the great man shows himself. He grows with events and always 
outgrows them. By dint of struggling with a great enterprise be becomes 
great in capacity and power. Numerous and towering obstacles which 
daunt other men rouse and hearten him. Continental enterpiises can be 
carried through only by men who have, so to speak, continental abilities. 
Such abilities without room for question Mr, Billings possessed. Of the 
great projects in the business world with which he was connected, and in 
which his part was always that of the daring and masterful executive head 
and will, it is not in place now to speak. But it is ^qt^ siguilicant that 
having signalized his business career by carrying to substantial completion 
a great transcontinental railway, he should in his last years have become 
deeply interested in the latest project for an interoceanic canal, and have 
wghed because he was not still in his 40th or 5Uih year, that he might have 
pushed that also to a successful result. What such a man might have 
accompli.she<l in aouie of the innumerable possibilities which still await the 
man of power to conceive and execute, if he could have hod 20 years more 

Frederick BUlingt. 265 

of physical vigor, the vigor whicb other men of the same ago will have to 
speud upon trivialities, it almost takes away one's breath to imagine. 

Again, BIr. Billings wafl princely, yes, royal in his munificence. This 
also has In-en said of him a thousand times, and is for that reason the more 
impressive when we say it here to-day* And though many and many 
others may say* and do say, this of him, none have a better reason for say- 
ing it than you and I — than I, who say it daily with gratitude to God whose 
special grace it is that makes one the liberal and cheerful giver whom the 
Lord lovetli and whom all men love. A noble gift, a gift more lienign and 
beautiful in every feature and aspect of it than that which Mr. Billings has 
made to his alma naater, no most affectionate and devoted son ever made 
or could make. And you, m order to be reminded of his munificence, you 
I have only to look around you. This church and the adjoining chapel, hia 

I Bpontaneous and unsolicited gift to this church, — his offering rather to 

I filial piety and tlie worship of God and the saving gospel of Jesus Chnst,— 

j this tells you better than any words can tell, in language through which he 

being dead yet speakelh and will long S[>eak to you, what a joy he liad m 
I giviiig and spending that others may be helped and lifted up and saved. 

j But his was not only the munificence that f»oured out its bounty in splendid 

I largesses here and there, his also was the hand that scattered benefits every 

I day like the gentle rain upon the place |->eneath. Not the fewest in num- 

1 ber, nor the least sincere of those who mourn to-day, will be those whose 

prayer for daily bread ha« been answered through Mr, Billings's thoughtful 
and watchful kinduess. 

He was greut a!so in his humility. I am dispose*! to say that to those 
who knew liim well he never seemed so great as in hia humility. We all 
know that humility never seems bo charming aa iu a man of power, when, 
in scripture phrase, such a man is clothed with humility, when he seeks to 
hide self behind it» unobtrusive drapery. There is a modesty which 
knows its worth but shrinks from exposing it to the common gaze. There 
is a true humility which in its lofly appreciation of trauscendant merit, sets 
a low estimate on itself and all its belonging. This deep humility was that 
of Mr. Billings. His standard was the higliest His appreciation of ex- 
cellence was po keen and so discriminating, in literature, in art, in learning, 
iu statesmanship, above all in character, that he could not do otherwise 
than set before him the mark of a high calling and judge liimself thereby. 
But Mr. Billings's idealism, while it made him severe with himself, did not 
and could not make him severe with others. In estimating others he was 
the most generous of men. It waa beautiful to witness him in the same 
breath disparaging himself and commending others. I appeal to his neigh- 
bors and townsmen, to those who have regularly or from time to time 
stood in this pulpit, to any who have worked with him or for him — was 
t ever praise heartier than Itis? Waa appreciation ever so genuine, so grati- 

^K fying afi was his? But this man, from whom a word of praise outweighed 
^1 idl that otht^r men could say, would sit in his library with bowe<l head and 
^V iDoi»t eyes and tell himself what a failure he was, how (^>oor were the 
^f saccesses for which mtw admired and envied him, how much more ad- 
' mirable and enviable wa^ the lot of some poor country minister whose 

work and whose life helped men toward heaven, and how different a man 
he would try to be, and how different a life he would lead, if he could only 

I begin all over again. 
And now it only remains to say that Mr. Billings was a prince in hia 
faith. It is characteristic of a large-minded and large-heartetl man to have 

266 FrtdeHch BillifigB. [Oct. 

a large ^11 faith id truth, lu goodness, io good men aod moat of all io God. 
A timid, distrustful, euBpicious spirit, which cballeugdft every (ippeot to ita 
coiitidence, and guards every conceasioa with minute and elaborate and 
subtle reservations, — such a temper beloDgs to feeble souls and small 
natures* A true man is faithful to big own trusts, and that makes it easy 
for him to believe that other men are faithful and that God is siupremely 
faithful. For what is religious faith but believing that God is faithful and 
committing one*s soul to him in well doing as unto a faithful Creator? I 
am tjot sure that Mr. Billings's faith iu Go<l was uuiuternipted and serene* 
Indeed, I believe that God's discipline does not attain \H highest beue- 
fioence without briugiog one's faith sometimes to that (>oiut of tension at 
which doubt begins. But I am sure that out of every such trial his faith 
became stronger and purer and simpler. He must have often rememl>ered 
his own question to Ehrich as to what he thought about during hi* lonely 
and sleepless hours, and the heroic reply of the little philosopher that he 
thought ^ about the problems of life/ and the cheerful faith which prompted 
him to write on the margin of a magazine which had been left with him, 
'the future is all right,' and have prayed that he might have the child's 
faith. And we believe that he did have it; that this long perioil of bodily 
disability and mental clearness helped him to attain to a higher degree of 
it; that sutfering, instead of obscuring, served to brighten and refine it; 
and that, in his last days, as never before, he humbled himself and became 
as a little child, and entered into the Kingdom of Heaven with a child's 
unquestioning, unreserved, contented faith. And so this energetic, un- 
tiring spirit, which esteemed '* nothing doue if ought remained to do," 
which was inclined to blame itself first if there was a failure anywhere, 
settled calmly down into that confiding acquiescence which knows in whom 
it believes, and that he is able to keep that which is committed to him, aud 
rests itself aud all dear to it, lovingly m the arms of God." 

"We may conclude this notice with extracts from a private letter, 
written by his New York pastor, Henry J. Van Dyke, 1^,1)* 

" Few people realized how large and niany-pided a man he waa. 
Providence directed his life into a certain practical chatinel, into 
which he threw himself with such intense energy and marked ability, 
that his name became identified with the rescue of the Northern 
Pacific llailroad from ruin, and its successful completion. But even 
in this enterprise he was much more than a railroad man. He 
thought of it as a great cause, esaeutial to the development of the 
nation, and full of good for future generations. And, while he 
worked for it, his sympathies did not grow narrow, but broader and 
deeper, going out towards all things good* In art he had a natural 
taste which led him to choose pure and sweet aud wholesome pic- 
tures. I shall always remember the pleasure with which he showed 
me Boughton*s ' Return of the Mayflower ' when it was first hung 
in his sitting-room. It eeeraed to him to express that which was 
finest in the Puritan spirit, softened and glorified by the touch of 

^ In his gifts to hospitals and colleges, and above all to the church, 
he was princely; not because lie gave largely, ihoogh he did that; 
not because he gave carelessly, for that he never did ; but because 




1891.] Letters of Coh TTiomas We sibrook and others, 267 

he gave a« one who had the good cause at heart ; because he made 
it his own cause ; because he sought tlie honor and welfare of the 
kingdom, as a prince should do. 

"His will was powerful. His feelings were quick and strong* In 
such a man there was necessarily a capacity for great indignation. 
But he could forgive as generously as he could fight bravely. I have 
seen him do the two beautiful things, — ask pardon for an offence 
which was not Ins own, and grant pardon for a wrong which had 
been committed against him without excuse. His love was stronger 
than his an<^er. There was a fountain of manly tenderness in the 
granite of his nature. He once told me that his idea of unhappiness 
was 'not to love.' 

"It was beautiful, as the end of his life drew near, to see how full 
and clear the waters of affection flowed from his heart. The spring 
did not fail, hut grew brighter and more abundant. And hia Chris- 
tian faith was that of a little child. 

''He often regretted that Providence had not made the way clear 
for him to enter the ministry, as he wished to do in liis youth. But 
I am sure that God knew best where He wanted His strong servant 
to labor, and crowned liia works at last with the ' Well done, good 
and faithful servant.' " 



CommnnicAted by William Blake Trask, A.M.j of Dorchester, Mass. 

rCoDiIaued Trom page 222.1 

Boston Jaly 16** 1724. 
May it Please your hon' 

This Wait^ ou your hoti'^ to advise you that the Two Coxes that 
were bound to Llie Eiist are put iuto Slarblehead, where they are indeavouring 
to get more men, Iiavitig oii board boath scoonera but fotirteene meti, and 
our people here being bo very uneasy about eo many of their freiuds and 
relations being now in the bands of the Inrliuns are very backward to goe 
Bgain!;t I hem in a Hostile manner, they begg the favour of y^^ur honour, 
that there be some eioediate measures tacken to redeme our people and 
Vessels out of their bands, M' Cox tells me he will willingly taike on 
board anything that we shall send to redeme otir men and Vesselb out of 
their hands, and if your honour will please to give direcktions to the two 
ekippers to ackt aceording to the measures the Indians have propoa'd it will 
be a great Obligation uppon the Widtlows ami hitberlcss that arn now in 
some hopes of some of their freinds remaining still in thiiir bands* Tbia 
favour the distreBsed ]jeople in Alarbleh** desired me to aske of your hoti'. 

1 am IV Hon** moat Obed' Humb^ serv* John Minot. 

I would farther say to your hon' that our people would chearfully goe 
here what uumber your bon' pleases to maike reprisals on the eouime^ pro* 

2(58 Letters of Col. Thomas Wesihrooh and others. [Oct, 

Tid6<) they can meet w^ j"* to advautage, at sea, but if thej have hal*d op 
our VegselU into the Conntrey^ as we understand they have, it will be iiii< 
possible to come at theru without a ^^gg of trucet &ud« If your hoii^ pleasea, 
I will goe Down there with ihem. If yoar hou' seed meet to act in this 
affaire it's my humble OppiDioti that it's emediatly requisite a post be Did- 
patch'd to Marblehead to stop these two Coxes to reseiveyour Hoo'^Orders- 
I am Yo' Hon" Most Obed^ Hum*'' Sery* 

They may call at Casco for Jos. Beane & the Ves* 
sell that is there which the Indiaas desire to come. 
Mass. Arch. 62: 12. 

Jn* Mixot. 

S» Georges Fort July y* 21** 1724. 
About half an hour before Sun setting We saw li?e Vessels coming 
up the river, aud looking at them but a little while the Man in the Watch 
Box caird to as, saying the Indians were on the back side of the Garrison 
with a Flag of Truce. We no sooner heard that, hut we made ready our 
Flag in order to have some talk with them, and when they saw our Flag 
up, there appeare<l several of them with an English Captive, named Joha 
Barton, a Fisherman, beluiiging to the Isle of Shoals, and being come 
within hearing, an Indian spake with our Command' as follows. 

INDIAN. You uo see there something, pointing to the Vessels coming 

COMM*^'. Yes, aud what then, asking what they wanted. 

INDIAN. It was the Garrison, aud if we shouM Surrender the Garri- 
son they wou'd j^ive ua very good Quarters and send us to Boston in one 
of their Scooners. 

COilM*'. We want not your Quarters for we came on purpose to fight, 
adding thiit all tlie Indians in the Eastward cou'd not take us. 

INDIAN. What is your Capt"' name. 

CO MM**'. Catiady, at which they smit'd, our Command' asking who was 

INDIAN. Said they had eight, all this while one of their Vessels coming 
up got so near that our Command' told them he wou\l fire a great Gun at 

• John Mitiot, «jn of Stephen ftfid Mary (Clark) Minotj was born Dec. 27, 1690. He 
was n great-gran eison of Elder George Mmot, of Dorchester, Mass., who was l»oni Ail^* 4, 
1694, In Sjiffron Waldcn, Etsex, England, *«in of Tlioroas Mmot, ]ifi<\,» Secretary to the 
ATjliotof Walden. {See " Minot Fttmily/' Register. VoL L 171-17*i, 256-262.) 

Oeorget first of the fkmUy In this tvuntry, above mentiont-d^ rcsfkled at Neponsel, fn 
Borcbester; frecnmn 1634. October 28th, of that year, he was one of the ten men of the 
town^ choxon ** lo order all the atfuyres of the Pliuitation, for the year ensuini?/' He was 
a rnling elder in the ebiirch thirty yenrs; died Dec, 24, 1671, in the"7Bih year of his age. 

Capt- John Minot, the eldest son of Elder Georpe Minot, was l»orn In Enitland, April 2, 
1626; raarrietl Lj<Utt Butler, May 19, 1647; had t^on Stephen, born in Donhe^ter, Aug. 10, 
1662, who(?e will was injide Oct. 30. 1732, proved the I3th of Novemlwr following. Men- 
tions wife Mercy ; HMis Stephen, John, Georjct'^ Christopher, Peter and Jiiracs; danghter 
M eh el a* le I, who had purposed to man-y Richard Bill, Eh*^., of Boston; "ffranddansrhtcf 
LytlEa Eaton, her mother, my dainrlitcr, Lydia Eaton, deceased," wife of Josiepli Eaton; 
daughter RcFkHca Miller, wife of Sutouel Miller. He left le^racies to Rev. Benjamin 
Colman, Rev. Williiim Cooper, " and to the Church of which they are piistors "-^Brattle 
Street Chiircti^ — *• to which I belong;" 30 pounds, for a piece of plate fur the use of the 
Conniniiiion Tiihte. Among the items of real e!*tnto mentioned are, his Mansion or DweJl- 
tnj? liouj^e in Sudbury Street, Bo.stnn, with the taud; George Taverflj in iK'cuptiilon of 
Simon Roger^i, tjonndeil S.E, on HiKbway w Road leadiajf to the Town of Roxtuiry ; one 
moiety or half part of Minot's T, bo called, being the Westerly pan thereof, Adjoynltig 
the Ivimg Wlmrfe or Pier m Boston, with houeeH, warehottAes, smith t-hop, etc.; hind to 
Gcorpe, third wn, on Gtunfe Street, m Boston; lanil to James, t-ixih ion, in Kennet»eek 
Biver, CO. TTork, at ti iiUce c«Iltd Pltnaant Cove Famj, on Wefitedy side Of said River, 
abotit 70tl acre**, with hooees, iiarnH^ cattle, etc. 

John Minot, writer of the ahote letter, second son of Stephen, died at Bnmswfek, theti 
District now State of Maine, Jfto. tl, I764. 


1891.] Letters of CoL Thomas 

and others. 



her if they sbou'd come any nearer* whereupon the Inclian calJ'd to them to 
stop, but they uot knowing what he said, still came ap» so that we fird a 
great Gun at the Vessel, at which they stopt their Course and 80on after 
fell down to the rest. The Indian told us he wanted we shou'd let that 
Vessel come up above the Garrison, to which our Commander answer'd, he 
wou'd Dot, telling them they were us'd to play the Rogue under a Flag of 
Truce. They made the Captive speak to us encouraging us that weshou'd 
find very good Quarters, as he had, if we sliou'd surrender y" Garrison, & 
telling us that if we did not he was to Aye y' night. We told him we couM 
DOt help it. The Indian ask'd when they might come again with their Flag 
of Truce, whether they mi^ht not to-morrow. Our CommaiHi^, he cou'd 
not tell, he thought once in a Week was enough. Whereupon they drew 
off and made a lire tliat night a Quarter of a Mile from the Garrison. 
About ten of the Clock in the Night we fir'd one Gun at thera at which 
they spread themselves about the Garrison and made an hideous Yelling, 
after which they lay still, the remaining part of the nighL 

The next morning, being Wednesday, they came to the same place with 
their Flag of Troce, where they did the night before, anci when we put up 
our Flag the same Ind" l>egan to speak as follows. 

INDIAN. You no give up the Garrison, promising us good Quarters 
as before. 

COMM'''. No, saying, withal, if there were ten thousand of them ho 
shou'd not vio it- 

INDIAN. Then we take it, threatning to kill us all like Dogs, if so be 
it cost them any labour to take it. 

CO&IM'*'. We vahie You not, nor w^hat you can do, for if You have the 
Garrison You must take it by force of Arms, wh"** you nor all y* Indians in 
y* Eastern Country can do. 

INDIAN. What do You stay here for, You can do do thing but lose 
men, and it is not worth your while only for the sake of keeping that house, 
telling us that we had lost a great many men already, and ehoud lose 
more, for they wou'd lye at our backside & keep their Vessels in the river, 
BO that we shou'd not get away, neither shou'd any help come to us. 

COftlM*^'. Here is a good Harbour You may stay here and W^elcome. 

INDIAN. How long You Stay here. 

CUM>r''. It may be two Years or more. 

INDIAN. It is not your Land. 

COJIM''^ It is King George's Land, and the Govero' baa given me a 
Commissioti to defend it, and if there were ten thousand of You I wou'd 
fight You, for I ciirae fur nothing else. 

INDIAN. What's the reason that King George's Land men no go to 
King George to get any of his Land. 

COMM*^. Your Fathers sold this Land to the great men in Boston, it 
mAy be for a little money, and now you want more, for Indians are never 

INDIAN. You lye, my father never received one Penny. 

COMM*''. You lye, I speak the truth, the Land is not yours, and You 
shall never have it. 

INDIAN. You much Stout, WTiy You no come out into the Woods. 

COMM*'. It is not my business, I was sent here to keep y* Fort & 
that I will do in spite of You it all that You cau do. 

They told us their chief Capt" Name was Jotd. After Abundance of 
threatmngs they left us and weut down the river to their Vessels and in a 

4T0 m €f CoL Thomm Wtslhrook and oAera. [Oct. 

ahoTi ttme thej pot Into a Cove wiUi one of their Yc»e]s ool of (mr S^t 
to lade with Wood ajid Comba&libk Slaff and li&iriDg iSited lluit thejaune 
up with Another thai ^m prepared before aod ^t it on Jire d«i%iitiig ta 
bam the Block House & imtiiediateh' that which they had been fitting ill 
the daj came round tli« Point with her Saii^ fall but by reason of ft f^t 
Gun that waa fir'd at her Sh^eKd oB atid the tjde carried her a litUe waj 
up. The fir«t came very near, yet we had y* good fortune to eicupe. This 
liappen'd a little before ntghL 

While the Yecsele were bamtug ihej kept firing on all mdeB but we he34 
them Ln Play aud by heaTing on Water We prev'ented the fire'a doiug any 

About OQC of the Clock in the mornitig seeiug their deslgu frustrated 
they left ua and went away very liilently. 

Thursday the 23** about ten of the Clock in the foreooon We saw umeteen 
CaoDoes come from the Vessels that went to Wes&owwesgig Canning 
Place, besides others that were left with the Vea«e!^ They did not come 
nigh MS all this day till rowards night, and then about ten of them came la 
the Point on the other aide of the river^ and brought the Captive with 
them in order to sell him to us. HaYing had some talk about the Price 
they thro* much persuuion let the Captive come to us, and ha^iug gi^eu 
him some \^ctuals We sent hiin back again with a Juckett & pair of 
breeches to shew them. They lik'd them very well and eent the CaptivQ 
to us again. The Command^ sent over a red Coat which they took a great 
fancy to bo that when the Captive went with it to them he with our per- 
s was ions got hh Master to come over on this side to agree with our C-om- 
mand^ about the Price, but tho* our Com maud' went out and us'd many 
intreatiea he could not prevail with the Indian to come within sight of y* 
GarTi.sou. At last the Captive beitig ad^'U*d by our Comman<r protfer'd to 
give his Master to the value of five and twenty Pounds, which the Indian 
took up with thinking the things mention'd amounted to five & fourty 
Pounds which was their lowest Price. We put the things agreed on in the 
Boat and sent one of our men with the Captive half way over the river ac- 
cording to agreement, that they might receive their Pay, but they wou*d 
not Venture but wou'd have our men go aboard the Scooner that lay about 
a mile and an half down the river. We having gone as far as they agreed 
to wou'd go no farther, and night coming on when we saw they wou'd not 
come off we call'd to our men to come ashoar with the Boat, which they did, 
telling the Indians to come next morning for their Pay. While the men 
waited for them to come off in order to receive what was in the boat the 
Indian that came on this side went over with the Coat wh*^** is all they have 
rec*^ for they never came to us after, but went away, early the next morning. 
We had Ace* by the Captive that there was one Indian morully wounded 
in the fight. Vera Copia p' W™ Coyne for Lieu* W" Canady. 

August y* 27"* I went down the river with a boats crew, in Company with 
Lieu* Banks who went with three boats, and by that time we had got two 
miles from the Garrison on board Capt Saund'[er8], who was then going 
away, the Indians fir'd upon the Garrison. [The paper, of the original, in 
the next line is so worn and broken, by folding, as to make the letters 
illegible] with as many men as we cou'd conveniently take out by y* 
Garrison, but cou'd not find any thing of them. 

We have discovered the Indians several times since, but they have not 
done us any damage, by reason of our keeping in the Garrison for the most 


Remarkable Military Life. 


Eodorsed — Treaty with y* Indians — 1724. 
Mass. ArchiveB, 20: 154-157. Volume entitled "lujiau Conferences, 

Letter to Cap' Durrell for part of his men to go in thrt;e fishing vessels 
after Indian privateers Eastward, 1724. 


Having rec** Advice of sev'^ Vessels nian*d with Indians infesting 
the Eastern Coast to the great Disturbance & Loss of those couceru'd in 
the Fishery, 

I desire you to draw out of your Ships Company fifly or sixty of your 
ablest Men which with such Men as 1 have Order'd to be itnpress'd here & 
in the Out Posts* to be all under the Command uf your Lieut. Lett them 
forthwith proceed East in three small Vessels provided for that Purpose. 
Lett them keep near the Slioar & look into the Harbours as they go along 
& endeavour to get Intelligence of the Enemy, & decoy them hy Sounding 
for Fish & Concealing their Men & such other Methods as are Proper for 
that End & by all possible Means to iind out the Enemy & suppress & 
destroy them as well as any Pirates that may possihiy be on the Coast* I 
do not limit you as Xq the extent of Coast for this Cruize, Hot leave it to 
you & the Discretion of your Officer bow far East he may proceed, in which 
he must govern himself according to the Intelligence he may meet. If he 
can hear of the Enemy on Shoar *k his Men he capahl© of Service that 
Way Lett Hira land such a Number of his Comp' as he shall think fit <& 
prosecute the Indians vigorunsly on the Shoar: If after all proper Methods 
for Discovery of the Enemy, There be no likelyhood of Meeting with 
them & intercepting them by Sea, He must endeavour to liiid out the 
Vessels the Indians have taken & if practicable secure & bring them off. 
But one good Otlicer in each Vessel to be under the Direction of your 
LieuU & to proceed by his Orders. They must return back in thirty Days, 
Unless Circumstances shall be such as to give great Prospects of Doing 
Service by Staying out longer. 

Mau. Arch.'52: 20, 21. 

[To be oontiQiied.] 


Communicated by William Willdbr Wheildo>% Esq., of Concord, Ma^s. 

Major Thompson Maxwell was bom in Bedford, Mass., and 
may almost be said to Lave passed bis life on the field of battle, 
*' born and brought up as a soldier." Like the memorable George 
Washington, be entered military service when be was a boy. Wash- 
ington was born in 1732, and 3Iaxwell in 1742, and both entered 
the service of the country when about fourteen ox' fifteen years of 
age ; both were in the French and Indian ware and the war of the 
American Revolution. Maxwell enlisted in a company of Rangers 
m 1757, and served in the various campaigns until 17<13 j was in the 
Bevolutionary war from 1775 to 1779 ; waa in the Shays Rebellion 

VOL. XLV. 2b 

272 Hemarkabh Military Life, 

m 1787 ; ai ho eerved m the tecond war with Englatid, in 181S, 
and retnaini i the army until 181 9» latterly as barrack master at 
Detroit. ^ -kas also in eivii life, a member of the Maasachusette 
CoDventicvi ich framed the State Constitution in 1780, and was a 
repre«entj ! in the Legislature from the town of Buckland, after- 
wards resm f in Ohio. He visited Maeeachusetts in 1821, and 
was still liviu^ in 1833^ near Detroit, 90 years of age. The fol- 
lowing narrative waa dictated to, and written by Mr* BeDJaoiin 
Gleaaon in 1820-21. 

Major Tao^itPsON Maxwell, 

HIa father's name waa Hugh Maiweli, born in or near Belfast^ Ireland, 
169^, aod died in Massachusetts^ March 19, 1759, by a faU from bis horse, 
aged 60 ^eara. His mother waa born in 1693, and died in 1769, six years 
older* aud lived ten yeara longer th&n his father^ 

There were five sons and two daughters, viz. Wniiam^ Margaret, Sarah^ 
Hugh, Jamea (lioru at Mystic), Benjamin (born at Wobuni)^ and ThoTOpson 
(born at Bedfor<l, Mass.). Thompson M., the youngest son, born (the 50th 
year of his mother) Hept 11, 0, S., or 22, N. S., 1742, aud lived at borne 
with his parents till the spring of 17.^7. 

In May or June, 1757, CapL Nehemiah LoveU, of Dunstable, raised a com- 
pany of lliingers, for the protection of the frontiers against the French and In- 
dians. They were called the Proviaional Rangers, whole namber 700, under 
Gen. Amheret, at Lake Cham plain. Active and patriotic, Thompson Majc well 
enlisted, and (tiBing bis own words) our march was to Pennycook (now 
Concord, N* H.), Pig^vatiket Pond (now Lovells), in Fryebnrg, Me, 
Seoured the woods to Connecticut River, near to White Riv^r, Vt. We 
there reconnoitered to No. 4 (now Charlestown, N. H.), which three days 
before was burned, subsisting on wild game, until we reached No. 4, for 
nine days. Thence to Hinsdale, Brattleboro', etc., including one day's 
march above No. 4 to Black River, from White River to Connecticut River, 
and at No. 4 again. Twenty or twenty-five of us finally return via Wal- 
pole, Keene and Swanzy, to Winchester, Fitchburg, Groton, etc., home. 

1758. In April, enlist in Capt. LovelPs company for eight months. 
Rendezvous at Fort Edward. Thence to Deerfield ; up Deerfield River to 
Rice*8 Fort, in Charlestown ; over the mountains to Adams and Williams- 
town, to Fort Hawks. Major Hawks and his whole party prisoners. Get 
provisions ; up the Hoosac River to within ten miles of Bennington ; cross 
to Troy, to Half Moon Fort (now Waterford), on Mohawk River. To 
Fort Edward again, Gen. Abercrombie in command (strict and severe), 
with 4000 British, 3000 Provincials and 700 Rangers, besides Frazer's 
Scotch Regiments, with their kilts, plaids, etc. We reconnoitre from Fort 
Edward to Fort George, and E. of lake George to the Bluffs, 15 miles, 
when the Indians attack the first day in a body ; second day scatteringly 
and the third day are dispersed. We then arrive at Fort Ann. While 
Major Rogers's party are shooting at a mark, after breakfast, Major Putnam 
with his battalion moves for Fort Edward. At two miles advance we are 
ambushed, and fight hard for six hours, from 10 till 4 o'clock. The brave 
Major P. made prisoner and suffering greatly after his capture. Fifty-eight 
killed, 84 wounded in the conflict. The firing is heard at Fort Edward. In 
the evening recruits came with carts to bear off the dead, and the wounded 
borne on the back or biers to the fort. We remained ten days at Fort 


JRemarhahle MiUtar^j lAfe* 


Edwardt and the army then moves to Fort George. In Au crust, we cross 
Xiake George to Sabbath Day Point- Sunday had an action; the boats re- 
turned to Fort George; the army advance to Ticonderoga, Lord Howe 
and Gen. Abercrombie order a reconnoitre along the Indian traild. A ser- 
geant, a corporal, and three or four men of our scouting party, arranged eiz 
or eight rodu apart, directed by occasional whisiliiig, move cautiously through 
the woods; but the Indians watchfully waylay, and unseen, fire upon U3, 
killing the corporal and tile-leader, and we are compelled to retreat. 
Hurrying over a hill, I am met abruptly by two Indians, who give chase 
for a mile, when at a breathing pause, with deliberate aim, I kill one and 
leave the other loggVl ; then meeting the sergeant, he swims the outlet with 
me holding on by his slwuklers, and then arrive safe at the fort. Septem- 
ber, the attack: Tycouderoga stormed ; loss 1500. October at Fort Edward j 
December home. 

1759- Enlist eight months with Capt, Samuel Brewer of Waltham. 
May, to Fort Edward. June, on a scout. In an action at Iltjger'g Rock 
(40 feet high, W. of Lake George), we lose thirty men. Retreat to Fort 
George, and have a hard tight at lauding. To Tycouderoga, au<l thence to 
Crown Point. Find both evacuated. Engage in building bi>at&, etc. 
December, to St. Francis, Rogers commanding. Lose all our blankets, 
etc Massacre and burning. Surprisals fretjuent by the enemy. Seventy 
of ufl under Gen. Stark to No. 4, Realize great suffering; thirty -seven 
diet the rest surviving vario^is hardships. Get safe at home at last. 

1760. Enlist with Capt. Barnes of Chelmsford. May, with Capt. 
Brewer at Crown Point. Rangers scouting. Often engaged in skir- 
mishing, etc September, the army take boats and pass to Isle au Noir. 
Here a seige of elefen days and fighting. To Chambrie an action; to St. 
Johns. 20th of October, to Montreal. Gen. Murray from Quebec, Gen. 
Amherst (1758 at Loiiisbwrg) from the Lakes, and Gen. Howland from 
the south, are now with ns. Colors flying, drums beating* drills and camp 
display in martial splendor. Montreal surrejiders. October, Canada ceded 
to the English. 1000 men remain; one regiment of 800 men winter 20 
miles above Montreal. We go to Detroit; the ice runs late, and we con- 
tend with many hardships and have soldiers fare. 

1761. September, arrive at Detroit. The last of Oct<iher, 250 of us go 
to Mackinaw^ and make winter quarters, to protect the N. W. company's 
goods. So engaged, the season in garrison duties until the spring. 

1762. In May, crossed Lake Superior to the N. West ; Grand Portage. 
In August, to Mackinaw, In September, to Detroit, variously engaged, 
hither and thither during the year. 

1763. In the spring go to Chicago and return, reconnoitering by land, etc 
In the summer, Fontiac and 3000 Indians make a dreadful massacre at 
Mackinaw, by a stratagem of playing ball, — thrown in and out the garri- 
•on,^ — until they get free and familiar access to the fort; allaying all sus- 
picion and pretending only amusement and good faith; tiieu raising the 
war-whoop, they make a general rush! 200 British and their families all 
slaughtered! An awful calamity, and unknown abroad until after the 
arrival and retreat of Fontiac and his Indian warriors; in August, at 
Detroit. At this time there was in the Detroit gurrison about 800 British 
and 170 Rangers. Councils were held. A delay of ten days making 
preparations ; an Indian woman favored in the tratfic of elk skins aud moc- 
casins, betrayed Pontiac's secret designs of another massacre; 36 warriors 
were admitted to the garrison, under a strong guard, for a talk, and their 


374 Bentarkahk Mitiiartj Life, [Oct. 

treachery eitpoe il. by tfi rowing aside their bI&nkeU« each ODd eoncealmg a 
loaded sbot gon, Tbey wert? urged to peace* aud reqiiireti to depart forth- 
with; but Pontiac rt^ vengeful, the wUoopIug aud Bt^htiiig eotiliuued for ivto 
or three days, »o fiercely ihal the pickets were ofteu oti tire* Meaawbile ^ 
aloop of wur, carry lug If} guns, Capt* FaMing, witJi atorea (Adam Brown 
ititerprMer), arrives* Slowly tooviiig up river to a odm, the Indtaus t&ke 
fright at the vesgcPi caiiooii aud leave Detroit. lu a memetit of bravado, 
Maj, Gladden and Capt* Deil, with 550 velaateer troops pursued, following 
their IxiaU up to Bioo<1y Bridge^ fearless of their warlike appearance, the 
braiidiahiiig of their t^jmaliawks, carbiues, etc«,but the ludians laudlug^ %bt 
a desperate battle with us, give us do quarter,, aud our adventurers are 
repulsed with great shiughttr aud loss. Of 400 British and 150 Raugers, 
170 British and 70 Riiiigera only return to garrison. November, the Treaty 
of Peace received. In *59, Maj, Gen. Wolfe and Lieut. Geu. Amherst had 
command of ibe British and American forces. The attack and coaqueat 
of Quebec^ in September, Gen. Wolfe a!ain. In 'GO* the whole province of 
Canada surrendered to Gen* AmherBt, and wa;6 confirmed to Great Brilaiii 
bj the treaty of 1763, Britit^h and Americau forces occupying Tyconderog% 
Montreal and Quebec, etc. 

In November, 1763, obtained my dismifidion and went home* Married 
Sybel Wyman, being then 2*2 years old, aod she 27 years old. We lived 
together Z%}^ years. lu May, '64, lived at Milford, then at Amherst, N. H*, 
farming, teaming, etc,, until 1775, Moved to Bucklaud, Maas^ in 1779. 
My chiblren were: Hugh, James (in Ohio), Joshua (in New York), Thomp- 
lon (in New York), and Betsey. In \%Q% my first wife died. In 1807, 
married the widow of Capt, Little of New Jersey, and she died in 1813, 
leaving one son in Ohio. Residence in Ohio, Butler County, town of Madi- 
son, called thft '■' Brush Estate." [These notes were taken 12 years since, and 
Major M. has since married again, to a widow of Michigan Territory, and 
been occupied in farming, etc., at his present home somewhere in the 
neighborhood of Detroit; if now (1833) living, he is at the advanced age 
of nearly 91 years.] His narrative continues: 

In 1773, December 16, was in Boston, when the tea was thrown over- 
board. Seventy-three spirited citizen volunteers, in the costume of Indians, 
in defiance of Royal authority, accomplished the daring exploit. John 
Hancock was then a merchant. My team was loaded at his store near 
Faneuil Hall, for Amherst, N. H., and put up to meet in consultation at his 
house at 2 o*clock P.M. The business was soon planned and executed. The 
patriots triumphed, 1774-5, at Amherst, the country alarmed. Volun- 
teers enrolled, minute-men raised, etc. Arms collected, soldiers kept on 
drill, alarms frequent, all much engaged. 

1775, April 18. Happened at Boston, with my team, and that evening 
to Bedford, at Capt. Wilson's (my brother-in-law), and concluded to stay. 
The team sent home to Amherst, N. H. The Provincial Congress at Con- 
cord [adjourned 15th]. Messrs. Hancock and Sam Adams at Lexington. 
Lieut. Col. Smith and Maj. Pitcairn, with 900 British regulars met the 
alarmed colonists at Lexington, 19th, and then to Concord, destroying stores, 
arms, etc. At the bridge opposed by Capts. Davis, Buttrick, Wilson, etc. 
with about 500 men. The British retreat and are met by Ld Percy's re- 
cruit of 4 or 500 British, with two field pieces at Lexington, the Americans 
following them to Charlestown. This day Capt. Wilson killed. The re- 
port of Americans killed 50, and wounded 70. Of the British 65 killed, 
180 wounded, 25 prisoners, probably much larger number. Our company 



Remarkahh Military Life* 


from Amherst, N. H,, under Capt. Crosby (my rank Lieut.), arrive, and 
soon 2000 troops are assembled at Cambridge. Gen. Ward commanding. 

Juae 16. Col, Reed's regiment stationed at Charlestown Neck. Put- 
Dam, Heath, Prescolt, etc, on Bunker Hill, In the evening walk on the 
hill with Capt Reed. My brother, Col. Hugh Maxwell, engineer, and 
about 1000 men at work. I drive stakes. June 17, engaged in action, and 
retreat to Winter Hill, Gen. Sullivan of New Hampshire, commanding. 

July 3d. Gen. Wa>ihi«gt<io arrived at Cambridge. The laat of Augtist 
went with a select number of volunteers to Hog Island and brought off 
cattle, sheep, horses, etc. Soon after a Br. sloop of war got aground in 
Mystic River, having 12 guna tind a guard of 16 men. A small party of 
118 made an attack^ 10 of them escaped in the boat, and we took 6 prisoners, 
and burned the vessel. Gen. Futnam uow commanding [at Winter Hill] 
with about 5000 men, 

1776. March 17. Boston is evacuated by the British. 20th, we march 
to Boston. 22d, to Meudoa. 24th, to Providence, and so on to New 
Haven, and in vessels to New York. April 11, arrive; our Dumber 
4000 troops. April 18, with Gen. Sullivan's brigade of 4000 men, leave 
New York city for Albany. Thence to Lake George, Tyconderoga, Crown 
Point, St- Johns, River Sorel, etc., to Trois Riviere, Gen. Thomas command- 
ing. The laint of May, we arrive and have a battle at Trois Riviero, Guy 
Carleton commanding the British. In June, to Montreal, under Col. Reed 
(Gens. Sullivan, Arnold, etc.), to La Chine. To Jesus Isle to capture 
Church's party. To Montreul (in three hours), pass by Arnold and cross 
ferry; on to 8t. Johns. Capt. Oliver joina Gen. Sullivan; the number of 
troops about oOOO — 2000 active. To Isle au Noire (the smal! pox pre- 
vailing). I chaTJCe in the near transportation and am ordered on to Crown 
Point and thence to Tyconderoga, until November. Gen. Sullivan's 
brigade now commanded by Gen. Gates, and Col, lieed's regiment, ordered 
to the south to join Gen. Washington, west of Delaware River. In Novem- 
ber, we move to Albany; thence to Eaopus (60 m.) to Delaware River, 
and in Pennsylvania, via Bethlehem. 

December 14th, arrive and join Gen. Washington at Newtown, opposite 
TrentODf N. J., 30 miles from Philadelphia. Here until Chjistmas. 
December 26, to Trenton. An action; 1500 Americans take over 1100 
Hessians and recross to Newtown. The prisoners sent to Philadelphia, Dec. 
dl» to Trenton. 

1777, January 1, south side of the creek, breaking ground under CoL 
Nixon, with 400 men. New Years day at dark, Washington's artillery 
drives CornwalHs hack from the bridge, fires during the night* 2d, to 
Princeton — the action — 3000 Americans 2500 British. The American 
army in two divisions, Gen. W. commanding 1500, and Gen. Green 1500 
men. Gen Washington and 1500 men to Brunswick, thence to Morria- 
town; in winter quarters. Last of January 90 waggons of the British 
taken. Foraging, &c. The last of February at liaritan River; a fight 
with the British foragers^a drawn battle. The last of March^ in CoL 
Beed's brigade to New York, Thence to Tyconderoga and join Gen. Sl 
Clair in June. In July, Gen. Burgoyne drives the Americans to New 
York Stale. A battle with the British rear guard at Hubbardstown, The 
action at Saratoga and Bemis Heights: Gates against Burgoyne — sup- 
posed more than 20,000 troops engaged, that is 10,000 Americans against 
10,000 English. The Americans tiual triumphant victory ! 

August 16, go to Bennington^ Vt.^ CoL Baum commanding the British 

TOL* aLLV, 25* 


276 ^^^ISK/tHkahle Military Life. [Oct. 

regulars \ tb6 actioD and their defeat. Gea* Stark took upward of 500 
Hefisiaos; more than 200 killed. I am now with 36 men acting as Lieu- 
tenaut to Gates. Sept. 19, the Britbh attempted to turn oar left wing, in 
order to pass to Albaliy. Eeinforcementa and a general engagement — one 
piece of artillery three times taken and retakea. October 7, the action 
this day, the British were conquered. Oct, 17, surrender of Burgoyne. 
Grand military display. Resigned and returned home. 

1778. In the spring engage in another campaign, us Captain of Rangers. 
We march to Saratoga. Gen. Stark commander on the North and Mohawk 
Rivers, entrusted with the defence of the northern frontier at Cherry Valley. 
Col. Willett acting against Sir John Johnson at Albany. Hendrick (a 
friendly Indian) opposing Brandt (a half blood Indian) from Dartmouth 
College — a Colonel and chief of the Mohawks. At Stone Arabia with 600 
Americans, ranging, etc Our company is thus variously engaged, skir- 
mishing, foraging, pressing the enemy^ etc, in a cheerless year's adventures. 
December return home. 

1779. Ill April to Saratoga; May or Jane to Cherry Valley to join 
Gen. Sullivan. Down the Sustjiiehannah to Tyoga Point, etc. July, 
opposing Butler and Brandt, with the Six Nations at Hogback, Chenang 
Co. etc. At Queen Catherine town; the old Indian Qaeeu saved. Corn 
destroyed and an orchard of 1000 trees, at Geneva. August, at Genessee. 
November, the company of Raogere, 50 men» dismissed at Saratoga; resign 
and return home. Move to Buckland, Mass., Hampshire County, and con- 
tinue residence there for twenty years to A.D. 1800. Then go to Ohio, 
Mjulison County. 

1 780. A member of th© Massachusetts Convention to frame a Constitution 
of government — and have been a representative to Boston five or six 
times during my residence at Backland, before removing to Ohio. 

In 17^7^ as Captain in the ndliiia oppose Daniel Shays and the insurgents, 
at Springfield, under Gen. Shei>herd, who finally quelU the insurrection. 
Our company at South Iladley; Shays at Felham* Gen. Lincoln with 
500 men from Boston pursues him to Petersham — he escapes to Canada. 

1788. The Federal Constitution ratified. In 1800 to Ohio. 1802, my 
wife died. [At this time Mr. Maxwell was in possession of a good farm, 
many cattle, etc, and in 1807, in the autumn, married a second wife at 
Detroit, who died in February, 1813. He continued his farming and 
military service, and, in 1811, was in the battle of Tippecanoe, Gen. Harri- * 

son commaudiog the United Stales troops.] j 

April, 18PJ. Engaged in raising troops. "The Prophet" collecting t 

forces, Gen. Hull in command with troopa at Dayton, Ohio; my residence i 

thirty miles distant. In May, went to Dayton, a? IMajor, in United States 
service; guide the troops through to Detroit. Col. Miller joins Hull, when 
about 50 miles advanced. Return home one week. July 4, arrive at ( 

Detroit with Capt. Robertson and others. July 30, at Canard's Bridge. 
Brock and Proctor, the Charlotte sloop-of-war and 700 British troops. To 
oppose the enemy were Miller 300, Fiudley 500, Detachments 400, Slichigan 
militia 400 — say 1500 or 1600 men, with a month's provisions and three 
weeks ammunition. August 9, at Brownstone, Miller, Saelliog, Cass, 
McArthur, etc. August 16, Hull surrendered. September, to Cleaveland, 
a prisoiier of war, with about 100 of sick and wounded. October, home to 
Ohio. Her© a mob, irritated by HulTs pusillanimity, misjudging my 
patriotic efforis^ and denouncing all parties concerned in the late disasters 
at Detroit, rally and gather about my habitation, burn my house, destroy 



jRemarkable Military Life. 


my property, and, barely clothed, I escape for my life ill rough a corn-field 
by night, from the danger and the ruios. I then go on to Upper Sandusky, 
join Gen. Harrison destined to the Rapids of the Maumee. Fort Meigs, 
etc., rebuilt; and until the following March, I am uncertain of being 

1813, February 25,1 return home to Dr. Little's, at Madison* in low 
bealtfa. Threatening letters are received, and to avoid danger I journey 
about Ohio to Cincinnati, lu March, I visit friends, make settlements and 
am advised to leave the army. I was unjustly accuiaed hy Capt. Robinson, 
as a dangerous enemy and a tory, etc., in lIulFs surrender, June, to Cleve- 
land with Col. Jessii[>, and to Buffalo. July, join Miller at Fort George. 
In August, Gen. Wilkinson takes command. October, moved to French 
Mills, to Sl Lawrence Rivera etc., and now, October, 1813, a prisoner of 
war at the advanced age of 71 years. 

1814, March. To Plattsburg; April, at Lacole Mill, opposite Isle au 
Noir, a foraging master* ordered to join Gen. Brown at Erie, and goon the 
1st of July. August 25, the battle of Bridgewater, Gen. Brown command- 
iog with Miller, Jessup, Scott, Ripley, etc. 1st Brigade to Erie* Septem- 
ber, I am wounded. The British cannonading; the Americana op[>06ing. 
Gen. Gaines commanding; Gen. Miller commanding 500 men. Sept. 17, 
took the batteries; the sortie of Erie. Sept. 30, settlements. Oct, 1, 1814, 
foraging. Incidentally falling in with 25 British horsemen oo a scout, in 
cxiQsequence of some robbery I am taken prisoner at Erie, and carried to 
Fort George, thence to Little York and Kingston, by land ; theuce in boats 
to Lachine; thence marched to Moutreal, to Trois Riviere and Quebec* 
Nov. 29, in clo&e jail, 

1810. Realize many hardsliipa in my 73d year. Capt. Deman friendly 
to me and the prisoners. March 19, exchanged* Thence in carryalls, etc,, 
carried within 2o miles of Plattsburg and join Gen, Brown. lu May, to 
Sackett's Harbor; on furlough to New York, Ballstown, etc. In July, 
barrack master for Detroit; with Gen. Miller to Bulfalo, and in August 
again arrive at Detroit, building the cantonment, which is finished ia 
December, and thus variously engaged. 

1816, '17, M8, '19, during these years with the troops. In the winter of 
1819, the otBce of barrack master is abolished. Then, as engineer, work 
upoD the roads from Detroit to the river Rtiisin, 3G miles, and thence 30 
luiJeB more to the Rapids — say in all about 70 miles. 

Daring the two last summers' residence at Detroit, receive Captain's pay, 
$240 pension, with the ratik of Major. The natural infirmity of years ex- 
cepted, at the age of 77^ have general good health, a firm step, active habits, 
temperate and unbroken faculties, ardent patriotism, iutlustrious disposition, 
an honest mind and a grateful heart; still in the enjoyment of social in- 
terests, estimable friendships aud the constant duties of devotioQ. A long 
and useful life. 

1820, November. Leave Detroit and visit friends in New York and to 
Boston. 1821, January and February, visiting at Boston and vicinity, 
through Massachusetts. During the year to New York, to Ohio and again 
10 Detroit, etc 

1833, January. Maj. Maxwell is believed to be still living in his pleasant 
family connections near Detroit, past 90 years of age^ honored by his com- 
patriots, esteemed by his associates, beloved by his relatives and greatly re- 
spected by all his fellow citizens ; happy iu bis refiectious on a very active 

278 CapL John Elliott , of Boston, Jfcwt., 1722. [Oct, 

tod a»efal life, haTing a competence for all tbe wants of his decHoiDg J^aun, 
tad T^rj faappj in the pleasorea of todetj, the reward of goyerDmeni and 
the glory of his coimtrj. 

It will be seen that Maj. Maxwell was preseDt at eome consul tation 
had by the t«a party in Boston, in 1773 ; waa engaged in the Con- 
cord fight on the I9th of April, 1775, and was present with hia 
brother at the work and battle of Bunker Hilh A portrait of Maj. 
MaxwelK by the artist Greenwood, waa among othera in llie Xew 
England Muaeum in Boaton, some years ago, and is probably still 
preserved, A sketch of the life of his brother Hugh, and of his 
military experiences, wfts published some time ago in pamphlet 

The above narrative is transcribed from an old time-worn manu- 
script, re-copied by Mr, Gleason, in January, 1833, of which he say* : 
" These notes were copied hastily many years since for personal 8ati»> 
faction (he being a relative by marriage), but furnishing a memorial 
of engagements, vicissitudes and events, so extraordinary, connected 
with one human life, and some among the most important in our 
national history, it is thought expedient to gratify anxious patriotic 
friends with a transcript for publication," But, it is believed, tliey 
have never been published. He suggests that there may possibly be 
some mistakes of names or dates, which the reader is asked to ex* 
cuse» if any are found. w. w. w. 


Communicated by Isaac J, GasBKVooD, AJtf., of New York dty. 

Dr. John Clark* the third, eminent not only as a RepreBeotative, 
Speaker and Coimciilor, but eqaally so as a FhyRlcian^ and for the linn staQ4 
which he took iti favor of inoculution, died in Boston, Dec. 5, 1728^ age B% 
leaving all his property^ after a tew special devices, to hia five cbildren: 
John, Mary Allin, Martha Elliott, Sarah (after wife of Prof. Isaac Green- 
wood), ami ElizabeLli (afl^r wife of CoL Robert Hale), with the proviso, 
that his daughter Elliott's portioti should be held in tni^t during the natural 
life of her husband, John Elliott. The daughter, Martha Clark, b. June 
26, bapt. June 30» 1706, at the Old North Church, was married by her 
uncle, the Rev. Dr. C. Mather, April 13, 1725, to Mr. John Elliott of 
Boston. The inventory of her effects, as widow Martha Elliott, taken to 
1744, was sworn to April 5^ 1745, and her eon, Clark Elliott, sold in June, 
1762, the property on Back St. (Salem St), which had come to hia mother 
through the will of her father. 

The writer was, for many years, unable to identify the John Elliott in 
question, until a descendant, the Rev. John E. Elliott^ of Newington^ 
Couu., informed him that iu the summer of 1882, searching through a mass 
of old papers in the garret of a house, formerly occupied by his uncle Clark 
Elliott, he had found three documents of considerable interest, relative to 
his ancestor, viz. : 

1891.] Capt, John Elliott^ of Boston, 



1. A Letter of Marqne, ^iveti by Col. Rieliard Phillipa, jjoveruor of Nova 
Scotia, to John Elliot, in 1722, commissioning^ him to fommiiTid a naval force 
for the protection of the fisheries of Canso, and tlie externuniitlon of pirates. 

2. A petition from said Elliot, abont June, 172H, to Kiup Gc-orge II, » asking 
for a certnin ortict', and referring to his eervlres for the King, viz.: a great 
naval battle and si;Ljnal victory in 1722; a serious wound, etc. 

3. A eoininlssiou from the Klngr, appointing John Elliot, who appears to have 
been orijjinally frorFi Topshara, co. Devon, in En^lniid, to the otHee of collector 
of cil8t<jms at Newbury (now Newburyport)^ New England. 

Referring to HutchinBOD's History of Massachusetts, Vol, II., 266-7, we 
find that, in the latter part of July, 1722, the Eastern Indiaus, instigated 
by the French, 

*'S«rpn-setl Canso, and other harbors near to it, and took sixte<m or »cven- 
teensail of fishing vesselSt all belonglntr to Masaachusetts. Governor Phillips 
hAppened to be at Canso, and caused two sloops to be mauued, partly with 
volunteer sailors from merchants' venselt* which were loadin;y^ wltli llsli, and 
sent them, nader the coniniand of Capt, John Eliot, of Boston, and John Hubin- 
Bon^ of Cape Ann, in fjuest of the enemy. Elicjt, as he W88 ranglnji; the coasts 
espied acven vesstdr^ in a harbor called Winncpaug, and concealwi all his men, 
except four or tlve, until he came near to one of the vessels, which had About 
forty Indians aboard, who were in expectation of another prize falling into 
their hands. As noon as he was within hearing, they hoisted their pendants 
and called out, Strike, English dogs, and come aboard, for you are all prisoners. 
Eliot answered that he would make all the haste he could. Finding he made 
no attempt to escape, they began to fear a tartar, and cut their cable with In- 
tent to run ashore; bnt he was too tiulck for them, and immediately clapped 
them aboard. For about half an hour they made a brave resistance, but, at 
length, some of them jumping into the hold, Eliot threw his liaiid grenadoes 
after them, which made such havoc, that all which renuiliied alive took to the 
water, where they were a fair moi-k for the English shot. From this, or a like 
action, probably took rise a common expres.slon among English soldiers and 
sometimes English hunters, who, when they have killed an Indian, make tiieir 
boast of having killed a black duck. Five only reached tlie shore. 

Eliot received three Imil woimds, and several of the men were wounded and 
one killed. Seven vessels* with several hundred fjulntals of llsh, and tlftecn of 
tbe c^tives were recovered from the enemy. They had sent many of the 
prisoners away, and nine they bad killed in cold blood. The Nova Scotia In- 
dians had the character of being more savage and cruel than the other nations." 

A similar account of the affair, drawu from New-Euglaud letters, dated 
Aug. 20 th. apj>eared \n Boyer'a Political State of Great Britaiu, for Nov. 
1722. Alluding to •* the great depredations committed by the ludiaiis, who 
had surprised and taken several Vessels in the Harbors, and no leas than 12 
off Aspoggin, 40 leagues to the westward" (meaning the remarkable cliff 
of Aspotgoen, on the promontory that separates Mahone from Margaret*8 
Bay), this account informs us, that Capt, Elliot "arrived at Canso the 
last day of July, vt'ith his Colours flying, an Indian Blanket in form of a 
bloody Flag, at the To[>-Mast Head, with the Head of their Cbiefest King 
and Conucillor on his Ensign Staff, and another on his Jack Stiiff, and two 
Scalps of those who commanded nnder them. The reason of their bring- 
ing away no more Scalps was because the Indians threw their men over- 
board as soon as killed." 

Ellloit's consort, Capt. Robinson, who had become separated in a fog, 
was likewise socces.tful in killing some of the enemy and in retaking two 
yessels; five of them however, lying in the harbor of Merligtiasli (or Lunen< 
borg), he was, owing to the superior number of the Indians, unable to 

Clark," only son of CapL John Elliott, b. Dec, 26, bapt. Dec. 31, 1732, 
at Old North Church, was an apprentice of Thomas Greenough, in Bos- 

ttB Sr^STjT^pi 

I. WiJ/iii^^cmV C^Mtpof . [Got* 

«0fkii will In 1749. Ha ietlM iQ Kew Liodoa, Com^ 
ba aad lairiaiettf aafcer, aad to 1 767 cottmeaoed & asicf 

IT te^Mp H to ^i. If Bdmnd PmbeOer. Hii 
plM A9g. lU tn% lad io lb wil W nmeiooi Umd ta 

Bj Itii wife. IMn BiOi^p, «b0 &d Muck 10, ITBS/be Ikid 

OM MO EodU.^ b. 1769, wbo a. l&jr 11, 1794. Abig^X ^bm. of WUHub 

•Bd lllfl—i (FdlBflB) Sttattf of mddletOB, Oovn^ sad dkd Itoib jellaw 

lb«ir, SifC lOl 1798, ftfr Bw liOBCbn; lui widmr, AbigsO, died Oct. 10, 

lai ^ kacvtog hid t«PO Mai: 

I. Ci^»c* MLtMTT, h. Oct. }i» IIW, who 111. Oct. L». litis, A^m^B OOkftt 

{»f 0«lifiofi« (krt».« lad dtod VoT. ft, ISli. Hi9 widow wms »^ firlnK 

!■ U«l . tbe aodicrof sewn! diikbca* of wlioim wec«, Ceart,* £<l«i»,^ 

EnHm Qmofft^ wd JlM|^aMl<i J««^.« 

Errtji** Btxiorr, b. Oct. f , 179«; is. Apfll »1. Ii2«. Zocj Smitb CSoit, 

r Hew liOBdoo, wbo ww UtIi^ tn laSt ; lie died MafcIi £7, IH^ Wm 



1« mSUmm m^trr* h, Bept. ft. liU, of Horwfeli. Ooqii, 

tp «Ma EmriM* h. Oct. Z3, lft»; fnd. Amberst OolL; pastov of 

Oo^gTMiiiMIAl Otnrcli M Hewlai^n, Coniu [Wt died Jaa. 

lt» im, iged Si, At North Tskimft, Wuhlnftoo. His fcfiea^ 

Ipgkttl oimotkHie *r& prwerrad In the Hbrarj of th« Kew- 

Boglnd Hbiorlo Gencalogteil Sodettr.— Editor.] 

i, St^imd €9^,* b. Ao^. la. 19S8; of the New York baf ; ivmored 

1979 lo Kl Pido Co., CoL, sod eoaunenced busioe&s sn s 

COMPANY, 1778. 

Communicated by Orbxtills H. Norcross, LL.B., of Boston, Mass. 

A Muster Roll of Capt. Thomas WilliDgton Compnay in the Massa- 
chusetts Bay Battalion of Forces in the Sarvis of the united States of 
America Commanded By Colonel Edward Wigglesworth Taken for the 
month of may, 1778. 

r January 1** 1777 Thomas Willington Capt. 
Commissioned -< Do. 1 1777 John Fowle Lieu* 

( Do. 1 1777 Benjamin Dana Ensign 


Martin Rourk 
Joseph Fassett 
Azal Hooker 
Joshua Danforth 


D. War. 


3 yar. 


On Command at the Clothing 
Sick in Camp 




Arthur Clark 
Lemuel Whitney 
manuel Swasy 
Joseph Davenport 


D. War. 



Sick at albany. 

1891.] Muster lioU of CapL Willlngton's Company. 281 


Dmm & fife 




■ i 

Jonathan Williiigton 

D. War. 

1 ' 

Jobn Cole 

3 yer. 

■ No. 


D. War. 

3 yur, 


1 1 

Richard Bryan 

D. War. 

■ 2 

John Bennett 



Williiitti Croaton 


■ i 

Joseph Clark 


Jacob Crossett 

3 year. 


Uichard Gray 



Ebenzer Luce 



Mathew gilligin 



Patrick Shay 

D. War. 


John T, Preston 


I 12 

■ 13 

Nohle Spenser 

3 year 

Timothy Woolen tt 


Jamea Welsh 

D. War. 

OD Fatigue. 


Thaddus Ward 



Richard Whitcomb 



Peter Whitcomb 




John Fessenden 


on Card. 

Nathan Lamson 

8 yer. 

^ 19 

William kitley 



Benjamin Harris 



David Luce. 

a War. 


Adam Gotry 


■ 23 

■ 24 

Joseph Proctor 


on Command at Radnor, 

Morris Griffin 



Alexander ThomaH 




Samuel Voso 


on Command by Generl gates 


Jeremiah Fowle 


Sick Small pox at BrooUioe. 


John Sharbrick 


on furlough. 


John Dunolly 

D. War. 

Deserted May 6***. 

Camp Valley Forge Jtiae 2*^ 1778 then Musterd Capt Willington Com- 
pany as Specified in the Above Roll. 

F. Green. D,M.M. 
[On the back of roll] 
I Proof of the Effectivea* 




2 Licata. 


I Eni» 














We do Swear that the within Muster Roll is a True State of the Company, 
without Fraud to the United States or to any Individual according to Our 
Best Knowledge. 

Sworn, before me in Camn at ) rm , ttt'it * n * 

Valley Forge, this 3^ Day af f A. S. Shepard ^'^^ ^''^,"5 n.S'^ 
June 1778. ) Col- Command' ''**'"' ^""''^ ^'"" " 

2S2 trfi&m John ITuhtt ofBarhadot^ J65B. [Oct. 

A Master Roll of C»p* Tlio' Willitigcoa Comp&nj id the M;(&i&diitteUt 
Bay Bjittalioii Comm^ By Col. Edward Wiggkiwortli, T^ken For ^ 
MouLb Of Maj 1778. 

S<>T»£s*.— CoL Edward Wlegleswortli wm tbe son of Eer. Ssmttel, of Ipiswich., 
bom 3 JfLatiai7« 1742. See BKOiSTtiR. xr. 334-^>, and Savn^e, iv. S4S. A memoir 
of liUn ift prloted Id the Ektorj of NewtHuypoit^ by Mrs. £. Yale Smith, p|». 

Tbomafi WilUitgtoii, probably Tbomas of WaltbaiQ« boro 17S5, dlM If If . 

Joaatbao WQItoftoo (aoh of tUe above) ^ bom liao, died 1810. '^ He waa a 
dranUDer In tlie BerolulioQary army ^ and senred 8 years 1 month. He settted 
tart to ChaHestowiDt afterw'ards moTcd to Bo^on, wbere he kept a staU in th« 
FaD«uli UaU market/*— iJomfs rra^erto«ni> p. 630. 



Thk original of the following ktter k in the poaseesioxi of Mr. 
Joseph Lie tie t Jr., of New bury » Mass., now living on the old Creorge 
Little homestead. George Little ^ to whom the letter is addressed, 
came from Unicom Street, London, to Newbury, Mass., in 1640. 
He made numerous purchases of land both in Newbury and other 
places. Several years after his arrival in Newbury, he married 
Alice Poor, who sailed for New England in the Bevis in 1638. 
He had five children. Joseph was nearly six years old, and John 
nearly four, when this letter was written. 

There is a tradition in the family of lands in Barbadoes deeded to 
ancestors, and that two young men living in the neighborhood and 
the deeds disappeared together, and the supposition was that they 
represented themselves as being of the name of Little and took 
possession accordingly. About twenty-five families of Geo. Little's 
descendants, of the same name, are residents of Newbury, a number 
of them living on land owned by him. The family living on the 
homestead have members of the fifth, sixth, seventh and eighth 
generations. For a fuller account of George Little and sixty-five 
hundred of his posterity, see **The Descendents of George Little," by 
George Thomas Little, A.M., published at Auburn, Me., 1882. 


Loueing Brother my kind love with ray wife remembered and wishing 
you health as wee are all here at present thanks bee to god, These are to 
acquaint you that I have sent by this berer ninty yards of dimity the 
which I hope you will turne to A good Acct. I am advised it is farr better 
than sugar wherefore was wished to send it rather than sugar it being for 
y' Acct. of yourselfe «fe Mr. Hen : Jefferson. I shall desire you to make 

up the Account with Mr. Jefferson : I send you 7 baggs of cotton 

by via Hester. I hope they will turn to A good Acct. you will receive I 

1891.] Marriages of East Parish, Bridgewatery Mass, 283 

hope — same man those things by whome 1 intend to send by pray send mee 
word of the receipt of the same. I shall desire you to Acquaint Mi% John 
Biship that his goods which came from Boston tlie Last yeere turned to 
a very bad Acct. wherefore shall desire you to make up Accounta with htm 
there, &. bo send mee word what ye doo in the business. Brother 1 reed A 
banill of beefe & i firkin of butter from you but it was here iu the Land 6 or 
7 weekes before I heard of it which beeing tumbled up & downe here when 
je fire was spoyled it & was turned upon my hands agaiue after I had sold 
it, pray make up the Acct 

(A fold and torn open here) 

send me word what yon make of these goods * . , . . for if dimity 
bee A Comodity I can send you a good nuanlity every yeere & fthall desire 
you to send mee provisions for it hither a^aine. Thus remembering my 
Lone & my wifes to you & your wife & Children doo for present Comit 
yoci all to god» & rest Your ever Loueing 

May the 17th of Brothek John IIolott. 


I oould wish that one of my Cousins^ were here to see if he did like this 

place Sc live with me if you thinke bo for Awhile & if hee 

did not Like here, it shall not Cost him anything for bis being nor his pas- 
sage back again. J. H. 

Loueing Brother it may be you are unwilling to send youre sonne now 
by reason he is young, if you will keepe him to scoule three or foure yearB 
more I doe heare ingage to pay for his scoulling and Clothing for it is my 
will with my wife's consent that after my decease and wifes that you and 
yours shall have ail my estate witness my hand. 


To his Loueing Brother 
Mr, Gorg Littell 

dwelling in Newbery, 

Y* Mr Jam {torn) adiog. 


Fbom Mabch 4» 1725, to August 3, 1603. 

By tbe Rev. John Angler (settled 1724, died April 14, 1787), and the Rer. Samnel 
Angior, his son and colleague (settled 1767» died J«a. 19. 1806). 

Commanlcated hy the Rcr. Hbhut F. JawKS, ^'^ii ^' CantonfMaM., frarn the original 

maau«cript in the possesiion of Mlu Mary u* Enift, of^Mt Bridgewater, 

greai^ great-granddaughter of tLe Rev. John Angior, 

f Continued from page 246.] 

Augnst 19tb. 1777 — SyWamia Packard of Bridgwater & Elisabeth MarstOQ 
of Boston were marry'd by S» Angier. 

October 7tb. 1777 — Zacharias Shavr <k Hannali Bisbee, both of Bridgwftter, 
were marry'd by S. Angier. 

Novembr. 6th. 1777— Franda Gray of Boston & Sarah Ilarria of Bridg- 
water were marry'd by S* Angier. 

VOL. XL7. 26 

284 Marriages of East Parish^ Bridgeioater^ Mass* [Oct. 

Decembr. 4th. 1777 — Jonathan Allien & Hannah White, both of Bridg- 

water, were marry'd by S. Augier. 
March r^ih 1778 — Ebenezer Bisbee & Mehitabel Shaw both of Bridgwater; 

atid aUo John Thomson & Geunet Ailc^n, both of Bridgwater, were 

marry 'd by S. Augier. 
March 2Gth. 1778 — ^tJacob Harden of Abington & Mehetable Gannett of 

Bridgwater, wera marry 'd by S. Angier. 
May 28th. 1778— Pero Jeffery, Negro Man of Dr. Isaac Otis, & Crelj 

Williams, Negro Woman living with Seth Mitchel, both of Bridgwater^ 

were marryM by S. Angier* 
July 27th, 1778^ — George Vining & Abigail Alden, both of Bridgwater, 

were marry'd by S- Angier, 
Sept. 17th. 1778— Joseph Whitten [Whiting] & Nabby Alden both of 

Bridgwater, were roarry'd by S. Angier. 
October 1st. 1778 — William Shaw, Junr. & Deliverance Washburn, both 

of Bridgwater, were marry'J by .S. Augier. 
Novbr. 18th. 1778 — Robert Latham & Jerusha Hooper, both of Bridg- 
water, were marry'd by S. Ajigier. 
Novbr 23d. 1778 — James Allen St Polly Whitman, both of Bridgwater 

were marry'd by S, Angier. 
Decembr, 17th. 1778 — ^Authony Pearce & Sile Pratt, both of Bridgwater, 

were marry'd by S. Angier. 
March lUh- 1779 — John Biabee & Huldah Shaw, both of Bridgwater, 

were nxarryM by S. Angier. 
May 19th 1779 — Edward Hay ford & Lenity Kingman, both of Bridgwater, 

were marryM by John Angier, 
June 10th 1779 — Isaac Lazel & Jenny Byram, both of Bridgwater, were 

marry'd by S. Angier. 
June 23d. 1779 — Solomon Packard & the Widow Sarah Stetson, both of 

Bridgwater, were marry*d by 8. Angier, 
July Ist. 1779 — John Smith & Ruth Cornish, both of Bridgwater, were 

marry'd by S. Angier. 
Sept Hjth. 1779 — ijosiah Hill & Abigail Beal, both of Bridgwater, were 

marry'd by S, Angier. 

These marriages retum'd to ye Clerk Sept 21, 1779. 
Novbrr 8th, 1779 — William Johnson & Jane Robinson, both of Bridgwater, 

were marry'd by S. Angier, 
Decembr. 9th 1779^ — John Harden Junr. of Abiugton & Lydia Kersey of 

Bridgwater* were marry'd by S. Angier. 
Decembr. 20th. 1779 — Matthew Ramadel & Mary Allen, both of Bridg- 
water, were marry'd by S, Angier, 
Febry. 17th. 1780 — Ichabod Ilowland of Pembroke & Mary Hatch of 

Bridgwater, were marry'd by S. Augier. 
March 15th. 1780 — Gushing Mitchel & Hannah Newton, both of Bridg- 
water, were marry'd by 8. Angier. 
March 23d. 1780 — Ephraim Sneil & Anna Keith, both of Bridgwater, were 

marry'd by S. Angier. 
May 4th. 1780 — James Keith, Junr. & Molly Mitchel, both of Bridgwater, 

were marry'd by John Angier. 
June 14th. 1780 — George Keith <& Elisabeth Ford, both of Bridgwater, 

were marry'd by S. Augier. 
Sept. 7th. 1780— Joseph Whitman & Mary Phillips, both of Bridgwater, 

were marry'd by S. Angier. 




1891.] Will of Charles Eoure of Gloucester, 1638. 2S5 

Sept. 7tli, 1780 — Elijah Snow & Sarah Shaw, both of Bridgwater, were 
inarry*d by S. An^ier. 

October 5th/ 1780 — Walter Hatch & Eunice Kingraaa, both of Bridgwater, 
were marry'd by S- Aiigier, 

Octobr. 17th. 1780 — Icbabod Packard of Lebanon in ye County of Grafton 
in ye New-haraahire grant, & liachel Chamberlain of Bridgwater in ye 
County of Ply month were marry'd by S. Angier. 

Novbr. 2d. 1780— Job Bearce & Sarah Keith, both of Bridgwater, were 
marry*d by S, Angier. 

Novbr, 7th. 1780 — Jonathan Beal & y* Widow Abigail Egerton, both 
of Bridgwater^ were marry'd by S. Angier. 

Novr. 9th. 1780— William Kobinson & Hannah Egerton, both of Bridg- 
water were marry'd by S. Angier. 

Decembr. 12th. 1780— Benjamin White, Junr. of Hanover & Mai-y Cham- 
berlain of Bridgwater were marry'd by S. Angier. 

Decembr. 28th. 1780 — Joseph Sampson & Hannah Gnrney, both of Bridg- 
water, were marryM by S. Angier. 

These marriages returned to ye Clerk Janry, 8th. 1781. 

Janry. 18th. 1781— Isaac Mehuren & Mary Allen, both of Bridgwater, 
were marry'd by S. Atigier. 

Febry. 1st 1 78 1~ William Donham of Plymonth & ye Widow Deborah 
Hooper of Bridgwater, were marry'd by S. Angier. 

Feb. 6th, 1781 — laaac Waehbum & Huldah Allen, both of Bridgwater, 
were marry'd by S. Angier, 

March lat, iVsi—Oliver Washburn & Hannah Gannet, both of Bridgwater, 
were marry'd by S, Angier. 

May 14th. 1781 — Isaac Aldeo & Mary Russel, both of Bridgwater, were 

I marry *d by S. Angier. 
June 14th. 1781 — Arthur Harris & Celia Mitchel» both of Bridgwater, were 
marry'd by S. Angier. 
Sept. 24th. 178I^John Mitchel & Anna Byram, both of Bridgwater, were 
marry VI by S. Angier, 
Novbr. 22d. 1781— Thomas Whitman & Lydia Sherman, both of Bridgwater, 
were marry'd by S. Angier. 
Novbr. 26th. 1781— Seth Whitman & Eunice Bas«, both of Bridgwater, 
were marry'd by S. Angier. 
Returned to y© Clerk Janry. 28th. 1782. 
^L [To be condnaod.] 


Prerogative Court of Canterbury. Doctors CoMMONa. 

Communicated by the Hoo. Osonoi F. Hoar, LL.D., of Worociier, Mau. 

In the nam© of God Almightie Creator of all thioge« and in Jesna Chriit 
hU deare and only son my most bouiilifull loveing Saviour and in the 
blessed spiritt my comforter Amen I Charles Hoar© of the Cittie of Glou- 
ceater being weake in body but perfect in memory blessed be my good god 
therefore, Doe hereby declare that my last will and testament as lolloweth 
fBrst I betjueath my soule into the handea of God that created it and my 
deare Saviour that soe dearlie ransomM it with full confidence thorough hia 



286 Will of Charles ffoare of OloueeHer, 1638, [Oct. 

merrittes that after the end of this life it shall rest w*^ him ererlastinglj. 
Aod my bodie to the earthe from whence it came w^ full assuraooe that 
at ihe last daie whea mj Saviour shall appeare in glory it shalbe by his 
power raised app to the resurrection of the iust, And for the estate 
it bath pleased god to lend unto me of the thingee of this world I thus dis- 
pose IBrst that with as much oonYeoieut speede as may well be all my rentes 
and debtes sett downe under my hand and all other if any be and can ap- 
peare to be due sbalbe paid. Item I give to my brother Thomas Hoare 
twentie poundea, to my siBter Elinor Bailies fortie shillinges, to my brother 
William Hincksman and Walter Hiocksman and Edward Hincksman and 
my sister flTonDes twentye shillinges a peece in gould^ alsoe I give to my 
brother Tbomaa Hincksman five poundes and to my servant John Sponar 
at preaberie five markes and to his wife 6ve nobles and to Thomas Prichard 
my servant fortie fibUliuges and to Thomas Ade my servant tenn shillinges* 
Alsoe I give to Sir, Thomas Veil and to Alderman Hill and Mr. Leonard 
To[u3ue my brother lawes and my brother for my sake and to good Mri 
Workman our faithfull watchman forty shillings. Alsoe I give unto my 
welbeloved wife Joane Hoare y* some of three hundred and fiftie poundes 
and to my sontie John Honre twoe hundred poundes and to my sonue Daniell 
Hoare one hundred and fiftie pounder and to my daughter Joane Hoard a 
hundred poundes and to my son Leonard Hoare one hundre<j poundes and 
my will is that my wife shall have the furniture of houshold that I have 
in all places at her disposing during her life and after to come indiferentlie 
amongst my children except the goodea at Thomebery w*** was deliuered 
me by the sheriffe by vertue of an elegitt all w*'*' I give nnto my daughter 
Margerie Mathewe preaentlie after my decease* Alsoe I give unto my 
sonn Thomas Hoare twentie poundes. Alsoe I give to the said Margery 
my daughter and her sonne Charles Mathewo twoe hundred poundes and 
my will is that soe louge as this twoe hundred poundea remaines in the 
Btocke which I shall leave (which shalbe till my executors and overseers 
shall allows thereof for her good to lett him have it, there shalbe unto her 
and her eonne sixteene poundes a yeare quarterly paid and ray will and de- 
sire is thjit the stocke I shall leave unto my wife and the foure lirat named 
children with the twoe hundred poundes given my daughter shalbe used 
and imployed uppon the three bargaiuea I have taken at Enoombe, Pres- 
bery and Slimsbridg and my wife and the foure children to have their main- 
tenance out of it, and my will ia that my aouno Leonard shalbe carefullie 
kept at Schoole and when hee is fltt for itt to be carefullie placed at Oxford, 
and if y" Lord shall see fitt, to make him a Minister unto bis people and 
that all y* charge thereof shalbe discharged out of the proffitt which it 
shall please god lo send out of the stocke and that all the rest of my estate un- 
bequeatbed all debtes and expence being discharged shalbe equal! ie deuided 
betweene my wife and my twoe sonues Dainell and John, and Joane, and the 
proBttea of the said atocke to accrewe unto tbem alsoe until! my executors 
and my overseers shall agree for their good to lett any of thera haue their 
porc^ns for their pr ferment. Only ibia excepted that my sonne Leonard 
shuil have accrue and dewe unto him out of this estate six poundes a yeare 
to bea paid unto him by the foresaid hundred poundes when my executors 
and overseers shall allowe of it to be for hia preferment and if auie of my 
children shall die before tliey c^me to make use of their porc5ns and my 
will is that porcSns soe tailing out slialbe equallie devided amongst 
my Jive children no we with me and my sonne Thomas aforesaid and if it 
shall aoe happen thai the atocke bequeathed be not fuunde fitt to be im- 



1891.] Will of Charles ffoare of Gloucester, 1638, 


ployed as I have directed but T tnist y* Lord will »oe blesse that happie 
trade of life unto them that some of them will never give over but if soe 
sboald be theo my will is that nay executors pay in y* porcbns unto them 
if they bee att age or ela to paie it in or good securitie to nay overseers and 
my will is that as I have agreed with M'. Thomus Veil and p*mised there 
shall alwaies be really upon the groundes ntt Encome which I have taken 
of him for Eight yeares eight hundred of the be&t ewes to stand for his 
securitie untill all rentes and dewea whatsoever shiilhe really paid unto him, 
and nowe dear© saviour spreade thy armes of mercie over me purge away niy 
synnes though they are many and greate and my faith weake lett thy power 
be seene in my weakues and thy strength in my manifould infirmities keepe 
me from that evill one and Receive me to thy mercy to whom with god the 
father and the holie spiritt he all glorie and power and thankes giveinge 
both nowe and for evermore Amen : this 25 ih day of Sept. 1 63y. By me Cha : 
Hoare: fFurther I give unto my soime John Iloare fortie ponndea more w*'* 
fihall accrewe unto him when all the other are satisjied out of the estate, 
Admon granted 21 Dec, 1638— to Jotine Hoare the relict 


Charles Tloare, of the City of Gloucester, England, died in 1G38. His will, 
now for the first time printed, \& dated Bept, 25, 1G3S, Admiiilstratioii wna 
granted at Doctorjji ConmicnhH to Joane Hoare the relict, Dec. 21, 163J3. 

Charles Hoare was slierilTof the City of Gloucester In 1(534. Gloucester is a 
county of itself , by grant of Etlward Tliird. In the llrst year of the reign of 
BichaJrd Third the civil goveroinetit of Glnucc!*ter W!\» altered, and by cbwrter of 
the same Klnjr it was ordained that, instead of Bailiffs, a Mayor with two Sheriff!* 
and otlKT olllct'rs should he annually elected by tfie twelve Aldermen and 
•* twelve other of the most legal and discn^ct Burgesses. " (Foabrooke's "' Glnu- 
ceater," p. 4H.) Charles Hoare waa aldennan of the City from 1G32 to 1638. 
and perhaps earlier. In the Calendar of State Papers for l(>3^)-7 Is a petition 
signed by him that sundry eipenaes Incurred lu collecting shlp-raoaey may be 
allowed out of the funds in the hands of the sherilTft, and the remainder paid 
over *' to the now Mayor and Sheriff^." 

**Good Mr. Workman, our fitUhful watchman,** mentioned in the will, is John 
Workman, a native of Gloucestershire, whose persecution by Archbishop Laud 
was, according to Laud Mmself , Insisted upon more than any other charge at 
the trial of that prelate. Workman, for certain expressions against tlie use of 
bnageji or pictures in churches, and certain expressions against '* mixed 
dancing/' was brought before the high commission at Lambeth, suspended from 
the office and function of the ministry, excommunicated, required to make restl" 
tutlon, condenioed in costs of suit, and cast into prison. Mr. Workman after- 
ifrard taught a school to provide for his nnmerous fandly. Laud heard of this, 
and pr«.»hlbited him from teaching children. Workman then began to practise 
physic, but soon after died in great poverty. The Corporation of Gloucester in 
1633 granted him an annuity of £20* For this the Mayor, the Town Clerk, and 
several of the Aldenuen were brought before the Comicil, and prosecuted in the 
High Commission Court. Mr. Hoare was doubtless one of the offending Alder- 
men. (BrfHik*s "ruritaus," 2: 434.) 

Charles Hoare was the son of Charles Iloare who died in Gloucester in 1G36. 
His son Thomas wiLs baptized In the Church of St. Mary tie Crypt, lo June. 1613, 
The old vault bearing the name " Jloare"' is still to be seen under that church. 
Xilttte more is known v^ith cert.ainty of his pedigree. On the gravestone of 
his daoghter Margaret, and her husband, Rev. Henry Flynt, in the burying- 
ground at Qnincy, it is said that they were Ixjth descended from ancient and 
good families in England. In the Harleian MS. in the British Mnsenni, No. 
1543 to 54, is the visitation of the County of Gloucester, by Robert Cooke 
Clareneienx Kin^ at Arms, enlurtjed with the visitation of the same county In 
11523. It contains on one page the arms of Hore of Gloucestershire, but there 
la no pedigree. The arms are an eagle displayed with two heads within a 
bordure engrailed. They seem to be the same with those borne by many families 
Of the name in sercral shires of England and Irehmd, with those carred on the 

VOL. XLT. 26* 


WiU of Charles JTaare of Gloucester, 1S38. [Oct. 

gniTMtone of Daniel Hoar, wbo died In Concord in 1773, aged 93» who tte* tlM 
great grandson of Churles Hoare of Gloncester, and with those borne on the 
** tumbler" beqneftthed by Usher, the husband of rre?il(lent Hoar's widow, to 
Bridget, the President*.* daught«?r. These arms are also fonnd on a marble tab- 
let In the church at Frampton upon 8e>'em, about seven miles from Gloucester, 
quartered with the arms of Clifford and VVindscombe, and also were fonnerly on 
m window of stained glass In Fretheme Lodge, a mansion built by Jaines Clifford, 
with a desly^u t<j entertain Queen Elizabeth at Fretheme, about nine mUes south- 
west from Gloucester, The name is fonnd frerinently in Gloacestershlre during 
a period extending back nearly to the Conquest. The heireHs of Hoar of Glouces- 
tershire married j3enry de Clifford of Frampton, temp. Hen, 4. John Lc Hoi^ 
witncHtics an ancient deed now In existence of a tenement in Wotton, Gloucester- 
ahin?. ID Ed. 2d. 

The will of Richard Hoare, of the parish of St. John the Baptist in the City 
of Gloucester, gentleman, dated Aug. 4* 1618, bequeathes eighteen diflbrent 
houses In the city or county. He was sheriff in 1014. This Richanl also by in- 
denture established a trust, still in exlsience, by which 53 s. annually are paid to 
the poor. 

All the children named In the will of Charles Hoare came to this country with 
their mother, Joanna, in 1639 or '40, except Thomas. He was probably the 
eldest. It is very likely that he was the son of another wife, and had laeen es- 
tablished in business, or was to inherit lands as the eldest son. He is not in- 
cluded in the '• Ave children now with me" mentioned in the father's will, nor 
is he alluded to in the wlU of his brother Leonard. The name of Thomas Hoar 
appears among the early settlers in old Norfolk, Massachusetts, and also In 
Gloucestershire. But the identity of either of these persons with the son of 
Charles Is not established. 

Joanna, the widow, died in Braintree, Sunday. Dec, 20* 1661. She is burled 
In the old Quiocy burial-ground with her son Leonard and his wife and daughter, 
near the graves of her daughters Mrs. Flynt and Mrs. Qnincy. She Is the ances- 
tress of many pen?on>i who have been eminent in the history of the country. 

Banlel returned to England, where he engaged extensively In trade with the 
colonies. Oct. 2, IfioO, he was licensed by the Council of State " to export to 
New England 3W bLrding fowling pieces and muskets upon good security that 
they will not be used to the prejudice of the Commonwealth." He was in Boston 
in 1653, where he executes a power of attorney to John Hull and John Hoare, 
and describes himself as of Boston, New Eofjland. II Js son John, then a child, 
was In New England in 167r>, under the care <jf his uncle Leonard and his aunt. ' 

John settled In Scltuateand aftenvard in Concord. He rescuetl Mrs. Rowland- 
son from captivity in 1C7C, protested vigorously against the evil treatment of 
the Indiana in his day, and had very tincomfortablc relntions xvith the authorities. 
Margery appears from her father's will to have been the widow of n person 
named Malthewe, and to have had a son named Charles Mutthewe. Tht're was 
a family of that name near Frampton upon Severn and near the hundred of 
Slymbrklgc, where Charles Hoare appears to have held land-s. She married the 
Rev. Henry Flynt of Braintree, and died March 10, 1087. Her epitaph states; 
"She was a gentlewoman of piety, prudence, and peculiarly accomplished for 
Instructing young gentlewomen." She is pleasantly commemorated by her 
descendant, Tresldeut John Quincy Adams, la his discourse at Braintree, Aug 
24, 1839. ^ 

Joanna became the wife of Col. Edmund Qulnc3^ Leonard was the flrst gmd- 
nate of Ilnrvard College to become Us preskleut. He t*>ok the degree of Doctor 
of Medicine in England, was settled as a clergyman in Wanstead in Essex, and 
was ejected for non-conformity about 1G62. It is understood thnt Sir Matthew 
Hale, %vho was of Gloucestershlrii origin, strongly befriended Dr. Hoar. He 
deliveretl two sermons on the occasion of the death of Lady Anne, wLfe of Sir 
Henry Mildraay, of Wanstead. She was the daus^hterof Sir Leonard Holiday, 
Knight and Altlerraan, of London, and diet! March 12, 165G. There were at 
least nine considerable branches of the Mlldmay family in Essex about the Ume 
of the colonization of New England. One of thet*e was nearly related to the 
Winthrops. Agnes Winthrop, widow of Adam, the fli-st John Winthrop's grand- 
father, married Wni. Mildmay, Esq., of Springfleld Barnes, and her eldest 
daughter, Alice Winthrop, subsequently married Thomas Mildraay. the son of 
her mother's second husband. Mr. Henry Mildmay (ilrst cousin of Governor 





1891.] Will of Charles Hoare of Gloucester, 1638. 


Wlnthrop) held the mftnor of Little Badow, where HookcT taught n school, with 
John Eliot for his uaher. Thiii Sir Henry marrit-d a dniiiihter of Brampton 
GardoTi, of Assino^o, sear Groton in SuUolk, an old friend and nei;^ij,t>or of the 

Sir Henry Mildmay, of Wanatead, was the son of Sir Ilomphrcy of Danbury, 
and second cousin to Sir Henry of Graces. He was patron of the living In 
Wanatead. After the Ke«toratioa Sir Henry's estates were forfeited to the 
Crown. He was one of the Kind's jndge.s, and his manor at Wanstead was 
givea by Charles II* to liis brother^ the Duke of Yorlt. 

Leonard Hoards wifCt Bridget, was the daughter of -John Lisle* the regicide^ 
who was murdered at Lausanne by Royallats. Her mother. Lady Alice Lisle, 
became the victim of Jt^ffii-ey's "* bloody assize." She wa^ beheaded in the court- 
yard at Winchester in HjB'i. She was convicted ut nilj^prLsion of treason for 
giving food and shelter to two fugitives from Moiiinontli's arm j, although she 
protested her innocence^ and It was a plain violation of law to convict berwith- 
ont first convicting the persons whom she was charged with havhig aided. Her 
attainder was reversed on the petition of Mr;*. Bridijet Hoar and her sister 
Trypheiia Grove, by act of ParUameDt in the reign of WlUiain anci Mary. Bridget 
Hoar bud two dangbters. One, Trypliena* who died in infancy, is buried at 
Braintree in the same grave with her parents and her grandmother Joanna. The 
other marrie<l tlie Kev. Tbos. Cotton of London, whose descendants were living 
In England at tlie close of the last century, and probably are living there now. 
The pedigree is given by M^r. Waters in one of liis Gleanings. (See liEGiSTEB^ 
1885, p. 6.1.) Leonard* Hoar's wife Bridget was married again, to Ucieklah 
Usher. The marriage was an anhappy one. Mrs. Usher left Mm, and went to 
England in IftM?, and did nut retiiro until afler his death in l(ll>7. 

rresl<k'nt Hoar seems to have been a very able man. In the letter to hia 
friend Uobert Boyle he was the first person to saggest the modern technical edu- 
cation. He was a friend of Master Samuel riartlib, to whom Milton addressed his 
celebrated tractate. None of the w^riters on New England history seem to have 
understood fully the canse of Dr. Hoar's failure in the presidency of Harvard 
College, which seems to have broken his heart, altliough it did not destroy the 
interest of his family in the coilege, of which his grandson, the Rev. Mr, Cotton, 
was aftenvard a generous benefactor. Dr. J. Hammonii Trumbull thinks that Dr. 
Hoar's diftlculties were ciue to the fact that soon alter his arrival be connected 
himself with the new Third Church in Boston, then recently gathered by sece- 
ders from the First, who were Synodlsts or advocates of the ha!i-way covenant, 
thereby bringing hJmself into marked opposition to the Governor^ a consider- 
able number of the magistratea, all the conservative clergy, and the more In- 
fluential memlicrs of tlie Corporation of Harvartl; and this at a time when (says 
Coitou Mather) " the whole people of God thronghout the Colony were too 
much distinguished into such as favored the Old Church and such as favored 
the New Church. (Magn. ti : 83.) 

The names of the numerous descendants in this country of Charles and Joanna 
Hoar, through their son John and their daughters Margery Flint and Joanna 
Qulncy, can be learned from pedigrees and records easily accessible. Besides 
those bearing the name of Hoar, are the Prescotts, Evartses, Baldwins, Gen. 
Terry, the liero of Fort Fisher, the Qnlncys and Adamses, 

Among t!ie other persons mimed in the will of Charles Hoar are his wife's 
brothers, William, Waiter, Edward and Thoma.s !niick?^man. This name Is 
written in the records of that period IndilTercutly Uincksman or Henchman. 
There was a Walter Hincksman who, about that time, was rector of the old 
churcli at Matlock in Derljyshire, the place from which Rev. Henry Flynt and 
bis brother Thomas Flynt of Concord came. Thomas Hincksman is In all proba- 
bility Major Thomiis Henchman of Concord, aftenvard of Chelmsford, well 
known in the Indian wars. Edmund Hincksman, with Edmund Qniocy and 
Robert Hull, wituessetl the power of attorney of Daniel Hoar above referred to. 
ThomiB Hoar, the brother of Charles, Is probably the Thomas Hoar who took 
the degree of Bachelor of Arts at Oxford, and who petitions the East India 
Company for employment as a preacher in 1(120. Thomas Veil is a person very 
well known in the public atlhirs of Gloucestershire al>otit tlial period. He seems 
to have been on the side of the Commonwealth in the early part of the 
CItU War. But ho was one of the deputation to welcome Charles U. on hia 


290 Kittery BocumenU. pOflt, 


[Comnt&nicated bj Jobs S. H. Fooo» H J)., of Soaili Boston, Man.] 


The Desire of the Tohfibitants belonging to Andrevr NeaJ'a Garrison sind 
more Especially the Desire of Timothy Wiiymouth to the Selectmen of 
Kittery is that there might be a Convenient highway & Landing place 
Laid out at the River Side where it may be found or Thought Most Coa« 
venieut and Suitable for Transportation as ako some Necessary bighwaya 
to the Common. 

Timothy Waymouth Rich**. Gowen. Saml Shory. Edw*. 

Andrews. James Ferguson William Smith. Jacob Rbods. 

Daniel Furbush. Bartho*. Thompson Thomas Thompson. 

Aleiand', Ferguson. 

Berwick April y* 9*^ 1706. In anauer to the within request wo the 
Sub8cri!iera have Laid ont a Convenient and Necessary Lauding place 
Bounded as Followeth^ beginning at the Lower Corner of W*". Hearls his 
land which l.ind is Adjoining to Andrew Nealla Land and from thence 
fourteen poles by the river Side and it is Eight poles Back from Said River 
& there is also a highway laid out to Said Landing place fotir poles wide on 
a Ridge of Upland which Lyeth between Edward Waymouth his land and 
the afore mentioEied land of William HearPs Untill it Comes Even with 
Timothy Waymouths house when it ia laid across a Swamp Until it Comes 
to a highway Called SList Cove Way and at the Turn into Said Way is 
Six pole Wide at the aforesaid house. 

Jam^es Wahren 

Jonx Hill i o i .. 

Joseph II.ll ^ Selectmen. 

James Emery 

A True Copy of the Original Transcribed and Compared May 12*** 1712 

P Jo'. Hammox^d Clerk. 
A True Copy as Appears in Kittery Town Book 

Exam*^, per Tobias Leighton, Town Clerk. 


To the Constable of y* upper parrish in y* Town of Kittery — Greeting. 

You are hereby required in tier Majesty s name to Snmon & give Notice 
to y* Several Inhabitants in s*^ parrish Quallifyed to Vote in Tuwo Affairs 
that they Attend a pariah meeting At y* house of Capt. John Leighton on 
Tuesday y* S*/*^ of Aprill Instant at Ten of y' clock In y* fureuoou then and 
there to make choyce of a learned Orthodox & pious pson to Dispence y* 
word of god unto them as their Minister And further to do what relates to 
y* Interest & welfare of s^ parish relating to their line of Division &c. 
Bated in Kittery Aprill, y* 5**^ Annoque Domini 1714, 

Jos: Hammond — Town Clerk. 

By Ord'ofy* Selectm. 


1891.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 291 


KiTTEHT April 28 1756, 

Then Rec"^ of Joseph Hammoad Six Spanisli Mill*' Dollars and 
io Case I do not go in y* lotended Expedition against Crowa Point 
or Bonie other PersoD in my room by my Procuremeut I Promise to Pay 
B** Six DoUara to s'* Hammond on or before y* 20*^* Day of May Next — 
Witness my hand. John Bbown. 


Memo: of Bullets Delivered. ■ Kittery 

Jere : Gowlwin 20. Epb' Libbey S' 23 and 3 flints. The" Ham- 
mond 40. W" Keiiiiard 20 and 3 flints. Rub'' Hanscom 20. And^ Hill 
40. Jo* Piisbrey 10. Jo* Richerson 20. Lem' Remeck 20. Daniel Green 
20. E{4i' Libbey 20. Jn" Hill 40. Sam^ Sbapleigb 20. W"^ Stacy 
20— G flinU. Aser Libbey 40 and 6 flints. Natli^ Staple 20 & 8 flints. 
Jobn Stacy 20 & 3 iliiUs. Dan' Goodwin 20. W" Leighton Jr. 20 & 3 
flints. Sam^ Libbey S' 6 flints. W™ Leigbton 20 and 3 flints. Jon* Ham- 
mond Jn 20 &3 flints. Timo: Kennard 20, Geo: Browne 20 & 5 flints, 
Natb' Kennard 20 & 3 flints. Edw'^ Kennard 3 flinta. Jn" Foster 3 flints, 
Tho* Hammond 3 flints. Josh* Staples S' 3 flints. 


By Hbnbt F. Watees, A.M., now resldJiig In Loadoa, England. 
[Continued from page 24(^.] 

Ursula Trte of Fordbam in tbe co. of Essex, spinster, relict of Thomas 
Trye of Breadstoue in the parish of Burkley and county of Gloucester esq. 
deceased, 7 January 1656, proved 5 December 1664. To my beloved sou 
William Trye live pounds and my wedding ring only as a token of my love. 
To my grandchild Thomas Trye five pounds. To my daughter Margaret 
Try© fifty pounds and my bed and boulster, with a pair of down pillows and 
a pair of blankets and a green rug and all the rest of the furniture belong- 
ing to it that is at Overbury (and sheets, table cloths &c). To my daugh- 
ter Elenor Trye twenty pounds (and sundry damask table cloths, napkins 
&c) and my crimson satin mantle and all my needlework that is in 
my trunk at Overbury, and all my wrought covers for chairs and stools 
and two long cushions of cloth of gold and two long cushions of Needle- 
work wrought with coloured silks at New Parke &c. To my daughter 
Susanna Vickeritlge five pounds (and sundry sheets, napkins &c). To my 
daughter Anne Bulkley five pounds and a pair of pillow beeres wrought in 
black silk and a cupboard cloth wrought with white work edged about with 
bone lace, and a flaxen board-cloath marked with my own name, a long 
towell and a Imlf dozen flaxen napkins marked with "Em and Tee." To 
my grand child Try Vickaridge twenty shillings and all my books at over- 
bury, and to bis three brothers Slauter, John ami William Vickaridge ten 
ahillings apiece. To my grandchild Margaret Vickaredge my two best (?) 
gilt spoons and to her sister my silver spoon. To my grandebild Edward 
Bulkley twenty shillings and to his two brothers John and Thomas Bulk- 
ley ten shillings apiece. To my grandebild Margaret Bulkley my great 

Genealogical Gleaning $ in England* [Oct. 

gilt spoon. To the poor twenty slulUngB. My (Uaghter Elenor Trye to 
be executrix. 

Wit: John BaUdey, Ann Bolkley. Bmce, 140. 

Eliajtob Trt« of St. LawreBoe Lane, London* spinjter, 24 Norem 
)6dK proved 1 KUrch 1691. A meMtMge T bongbt of one Kuy Daaice, (?) 
epinster, »itumie<! in Breadstone in the pamh of Barkley in the cooiitj of 
Gloncetter, for one hundred and five poanda, I do hereby give and devise to 
my nephew Thomas Trye. To my sister Sntanna Vtcaredge of St. Law 
reaoe Lane, London, relict of John Vicaredgai gent. deoea*ed and to m; 
nephew John Vicaredge of St. Lawrence Luie, gentleman, all my mea-' 
snages &c in Broadway, Worcester, and other property, in tmst, to pay 

To my niece Elizabeth Fawkner two hundred pounds. To my neph 
Edward Bolkley the elder two hundred pounds. To my nephew Tho 
Balkleyf gone into New England, one handred and fifty pounds. To 
niece Susanna More one hundred pounds. To my niece Elizabeth Yi' 
edge oue hundred and fifty pounds. To my nephew Thomas Bnlkley^s 
John, or what child he shall have living at my death, fifty poonds at the 
age of sixteen yearg. To my nephew John Yicaredge one hundred and 
twenty pounds. To my nephew Sheldon Vicaredge eighty pounds. To 
Frederick, son of said Sheldon, twenty pounds. To my nephew Thomas 
Yicaredge one hundred pounds. To my nephew Charles Yicaredge one 
hundred pounds and to his three childreu, Charles, John and Thomas, each 
twenty pounds. To the three children of my nephew Trye Yicaredge, 
deceased, Try, Susanna and Elizabeth Yicaredge, viz* to the son thirty 
pounds, and to the two daughters forty pounds each. To Everard Fawk- 
ner, son of my nephew Everard Fawkner, twenty pounds. To little John 
More, son of my nephew John More, twenty pounds. To the poor of 
Broadway, Worcester, six pounds. To Dr. Anneeley my worthy pastor 
three pounds. To the Lady Frances Pickering twenty shillings to buy 
her a ring and to her Ladyship's son Gilbert Pickering Esq™ twenty shil- 
lings to buy him a ring. To my cousin Anthony Trye of Possenham and 
his wife twenty shillings apiece. To my sister Auice BuJkley twenty 
•hillings to buy her a ring. To my cousin Joseph Bulk ley's son Edward 
twenty shillings to buy bim a Hug. To my cousin Cassandra Lewis twenty 
ahillings to buy her a ring. My brother John Buckley did re(K>6e a trust 
in me and my sifter Wroughton deceased to dispose of diverse goods and 
jewels in a schedule annexed to a certain indenture mentioned to be made 
between my said brother Buckley, sister Wroughton and myself, bearing 
date 29 June 1665, which goods do belong to my sister Anne Buckley's 
children, I have delivered all those mentioned goenls, plate and jewels and 
mouey to Edward, Thomas, Elijsabeth and Joseph Bulkley as will appear 
by reoeipts under every one of their hands. Reference also to other artidea 
of agreement made between said brother Bulkley and Ann his wife, my- 
self and several others, bearing date 5 July 1658, and to others, dated 80 
June 1665, between said brother Bulkley and myself- To sister Susanna 
Yicaredge my diamond ring with five diamonds set round upon tlio ring, my 
gold locket with a death's head and E.A. upon the locket, my silver freezed 
cup with a cover and my coat of arms upon the cup (and certaiu wearing 
apparel I and other goods). To my nephew Thomas Trye my gold seale 
with two coats of arms upon it (and other things). To my niece Elizabeth 
Fawkoer my large diamond Jewell set in a radcet, being in all, small and 





Genealogical Gleanings in England. 



greftt, fifty-nine diamonds in tliat Jewell (and other things of value). To 
my niece Susannah More my gold watch with a studden caae and gold 
chain to it, my diamond hracelet, being ten diamonds set in gold, my diamond 
locket with M.S., seventeen diamonds in it (and other things of value). 
To my niece Elizabeth Vicaredge my best pearl necklace, being three strings 
of pearls, my diamond ring with thirteen diamouda in it. To my nephew 
Fawkner*B boo Everard a silver porringer with T.W. upon it, and a gold 
medal inamelled and a coat of arms upon it and two heads of white agates. 
To my nephew John Vicaredge my silver goblet cnp embossed and my coat 
of arms upon it. (Other valuable objects given to various relatives.) My 
sister Susanna Vicaredge and my nephew John Vicaredge to be trustees 
and executrix and executor. All my china that is at Laivrence Lane, also 
my pictures, to my sister Vicaredge and her two daughters Susanna More 
ftnd Elizabeth Vicaredge. My red china tea pot I give to my niece Eliza- 
beth Fawkner. Ileference to a bond with nephew Edward Bulkley. 

Fane, 46. 

John Bulk E LET of the Precincta of St Katherines (near the Tower, 
liOndon) gen' 11 October 1689, proved 28 January 1089. My body to b© 
buried half an honr before sunset if in the Winter, or when the days are 
shorter than the nighta ; but if in the Summer, or when the days are longer 
than the nights it shall at the furthest by six a clock in the afternoon. To 
wife Avis thirty pounds over and above what was settled upon her before 
our intermarriage and the possession and use, during her natural life of all 
those rings, necklaces, Jewells &c which she had before our intermarrii^e 
or hath been by me since given unto her, willing with all and desiring that 
her best diamond ring l>e immediately after her decease given (taken by) or 
delivered to my loving daughter Elizabeth the now wife of Everard 
Falkener, grocer. 

Bequests to sister Mrs. Elenor Trye, to brother and sister Vicaridge and 
to their children, to the eldest son of my late nephew Trye Vicaridge, to 
three brethren in New England, via' Edward, Geruham and Peter, to sons 
of deceased brother Thomas, to nephew Edward Bulkeley here in England 
and to nephew Thomas Trye son of late brother in law Mr, William Trye. 

The land at Ringshall, Suffolk, settled upon me and my heirs after my 
wife's decease shall be sold and of the proceeds two hundred [lounds paid to 
60Q Falkener, in full of bis wife's portion, and the remainder divided be- 
tween my two song Edward and Thomas Bulkeley. My son Edward, my 
wife Avis and my daughter Elizabeth Falkener to be joint executors. 

Dyke, 2. 

fMr- John Bnlkly of Fordham in the co. of Essex and M*ris Anne Try of 
OdelL married, March la. IG50. (Parish Beglaters of Odell In Gcne-alogla Bed- 
fordlensis, by F. A. Blaydes.)— B. f. w. 

Eev. John Bulkeley, M.A., bom 1619-20, H. C. 1642, was the son of Rev. 
Peter Bulkeley, of OdeU (Woodhlll), Bedfordshire, and of Concord, Mass., by 
hbs first wife, Jane Allen, of Goldingtnn. He returned to Engiandl soon after 
his graduation, and was settied as a mtnlster in Fordham, Essex, wliere the 
baptism!} of a son and daiiu:liter are reeordeU by hia own baud. Having been 
ijected from his lining in liitJ2, he removed to '* Wapping In tlie suburbs oJf Lon- 
OOO*** and there practiced as a physician till his death, probably In January^ 
IdgS'-dO, (Sibley's llarv. Grad. I. 62; Bulkley Family, p. CI.) He married, 
Hint, March 19, I650[-1], Anne Trye, who probably died lie fore June. U>OS; 

MCondly, Avis or Aulce . His children by Anne Trye were t Edward, John, 

Thomas, Miirgai'et (bom before IGdC) aud Elizabeth. Jolm, who with Margaret 

Genealogical Gleanings in England, 


died before 1689, was probably tbe father of the Joseph Bnlkeley meTitioned by 
Elinor Trye amonp her sister Anne'» children; thon^h as John evidently died 
I l»eloFe his father, it is curious that Joseph is not mentioned In John Bnlkeley 's 
will. But, unless both John and Joseph married much younger than mei^^ 
Qsaally did eren in those days, this Joseph could scarcely have been the " cousta^H 
Joseph BnlUey " whose ' son Edward " is mentioned in EUanor Trye's wUl. Q|^| 
L Is, however, difllcult to see who else It could be. Tho