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Full text of "The New England historical and genealogical register"

REY^'^' ns H':"TORICAL 
GENT ' -^i LECTION 



Ge^J 



ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 1833 01723 9275 



GENEALOGY 
974 
N42NA 
1847 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2009 with funding from 

Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center 



http://www.archive.org/details/newenglandhistor1847wate 



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THE 



NEW ENGLAND 



I C)i5tovical S^ (Genealogical HegiGler, 



PUBLISnED QUARTERLY, TJNDKR THE rATROXAGE OF THK 



Nriu englanb Ijiotovic, (J3cnc alogi cnl Gocictij. 



F o 11 T 11 ]■; V ]•: A 11 1 ^ 4 7 . • 



VOLUME I. 




C f^ T N : 

SAMUEL C. DU A KK, 1' U r> L I S II K K , 

184 7. 



PUBLjr '.JFRARVJ 

FORT WA<iNF. ^r>i lEN CO., IND. * ' 



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0.\ commencing a period'ual, the (]ueslion iialuraily arises, Wliy 
issue a new publieation ? This queslioa we assume as put in our 
case ; and we reply to it, There is no work- of lho kiml in ihe 
country, and one seems to be much needed. The following list of 
subjects mentioned in the Prospectus of the Periodical will serve lo 
elucidate its character and show the importance of its publication. 
" It will comprehend, 

"1. Biographical iMemoirs, Sketches, and Notices of persons who 
came to North America, especially to New England, before x\nno 
Domini 1700; showing from what places in Europe they came, 
their Families there, and their Descendants in this country ; 

"2. Full and minute Genealogical IMemoirs and Tables, showing 
the lineage and descent of P\imilies, from the earliest dates to 
which they can !)e authentically traced, down to the present time, 
with their branches and coimections ; 

"3. Tables of Longevity, Statistical and Biographical Accou)its 
of Attorneys, Physicians, Ministers and Churches of all denomina- 
tions, of Ciraduates at Colleges, Governors, Senators and Repre- 
sentatives in Congress, Military Ollicers, and other persons of dis- 
tinction, and occasionally tMitire Tracts, which have become rare and 
of permanent Historical value; 

"4. Lists of names found in ancient documents, such, especially, 
as were engaged in any honorable public service ; also tlie docu- 
ments themselves, when they may contain any important faets 
illustrative of tin; lives antl actions of individuals; 

";j. Descriptions of the Costume-^, J)wellings, and Utensils of 
various kinds, belon<j;in<? to ihc earliest times to which the Ancestrv 
of Families may be traced ; to be accompanied, when practicable, 
with drawings or engravings ; 

" G. Ancient Inscriptions and Epitaphs, with descriptions of 
Cemeteries, Monuments, Tombs, Tablets; also, extracts from the 
Town and Parish Records of New England ; 









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IV P U E F A C R . I 

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"7. Descriptions of Armorial Bearings, and of oilier Heraldic i 

devices, occasionally emblazoned, wiih sulTicient explanations of 
the principles and terms of Heraldry. . 

" The Publication will embrace many other materials of a Miscel- 
laneous and Statistical character, more or less connected with its 
main design ; which, it is believed, will contribute to render it 
interestitig to intelligent persons of every class in the community. 

" Each Number will be embellished with a Portrait of some dis- 
tinguished individual. There will also occasionally be illustrative 
engravings in the work." 

The period has arrived when an awakened and a growing inter- 
est is felt in this country in the pursuit, and especially in the 
results, of Historical and Genealogical Researches ; and when 
the practical importance, both to individuals and to society, of the 
knowledge which is obtained by s\ich investigations, from the scat- 
tered and perishable records of local, domestic, and traditionary 
history, begins to be apprec^iated, 'J'he existence, and active exer- 
tions, of the Historical, Antiquarian, and Statistical Societies 
which have arisen within a few yoars past in most of the older 
states of the Union, is a sudieient evidence of the fact. 

The New England Historic- Gcncalog-ic I Society, chartered some 
years since by the Legislature of Massachusetts, i)rcTposes to direct 
its attention to the promotion of the objects above specified. It 
will do this in various ways ; — particularly by the establishment of 
a Library, a Cabinet of Curiosities, and a Collection of Paintings; 
but especially by a Periodical. A Library, respectable for the time 
the Society has existed, has been established, and a Cabinet of 
Curiosities and a Collection of Paintings have been commenced. 
Though the Society early contemplated the publication of a Peri- 
odical, yet the time for issuing it seemed not to have arrived until 
the beginning of the present year, when a work was commenced. 
And through the goodness of a kind Providence we have been 
enabled to bring to a close the first Volume of the New England 
Historical and Genealogi<-a! Register. Some of the articles have 
been prepared with a great amount of labor, and in some cases 
from sources exceedingly rare. During the arduous labors per- 
formed, we have been sustained by the hope that we were not 
laboring altogether in vain. 

We would here take occasion to express our thanks to those gen- 
tlemen who have aided us by contributing to the articles of our pages, 
by extending the circulation of the work, and by commending il to 



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the patronage of the community. In iho.sc ways e^sfniial si-rvice 
has been rendered. 

We now enter upon the duties of another year with undimin- 
ished zeal and confidence in the can.se wr have espoused, hoping 
with the Divine blessing, to make the ensuing volume' more vuhia- 
ble than its predecessor. In this work, we come in collision with 
no other class of men ; we interfere wiih no other pul.lieation. 
Occupying a new and dislincl (ie[)artnieni, we shall aim to make 
the periodical a work of ]-)i>rmani'nt value as a repository o( minuic 
and autiienlic facts, carefully and methodically arranged on a great 
variety of subjects pertaining to aiilicpiiiies, hisiory, stalisiics, and 
genealogy. In doing this we cannot but feel that we are [)erlorming 
a great service for the country at large, but especially (or New Kng- 
land, and her sons wherever scattered. Aceurale and tailhlul his- 
torians, chronologists, and genealogists are iiiij)()rtani benehu-iors. 
Such was Polvbius among the (Ireeks, Tacitus among llii' Romans. 
Thomas Prince, Abiel Holmes, and John Farmer, in New England. 
In preparing the Register, our sources of informaiion have been 
Hazard's Historical Collections, the Panopllst and oilier i)eri()dicals, 
as newspapers, the Collections of the numerous Hist<.)rieal and 
Antiquarian Societies, the various works on Biography, the dillerent 

I Histories of the Stales and of the Couniry, as well as oilii-r works 
of a similar character, and the alnu)st innumerable histories of 
towns, and historical and biograi)hical discourses ; but our greatest 

I and best sources of information have been family, church, town, and 
county records, original ancient manuscript documents of variiuis 

^ name and nature, and also numy recent communieaiions respecting 
matters of olden time. But lillle reliance has been j)lacid upon hear- 
say or traditionary evidence. We make this general statement as 
an ajjology for not having mentioned coniinually, and many 
times over, the authorities for what we have publi>lied. 

In preparing the coming volume, we are encouraged to expect 
the cooperation of several le;irned antiquaries and otlu-r e>timal)le 
writers. We shall also have access to a large amount o( valuable 
materials suited to our wants. In various ways we hope to gi\e 

[ an increased interest to our w orks, and that a corresponLling patron- 
age will be awarded to us by a reading, intelligt'nt, ;md generous 
public. We respectfully and earnestly solicit the assistance of those 
friendly to our object, and above all, the l)eni'diclion of Him, w horn 
we serve. 

October, 1847. -- 



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CONTENTS OP VOLUME I 



' ■■ ■ ■'■••' ■-•" ■ ■ NO. I. 

Landing of the rilgrims, at Plymoatli, Dcc^ 1620 — a Tlatc. - 
Memoir of John Farmer, M. A., with a Portrait, - . . . 

Gcneulo^.ncal Memoir of the Farmer F'anuly, .... 

Memoirs of Graduates of Harvard CoUe^c, . . . . - 

ConnjregiUional Ministers and Churches in llockingham County, N. II., 
Foreign Missionaries from Norwich, Ct., ..---- 

Passen^^'ers in the Mayflower in 1G20, 

Major Pendh'ton's Lettei", ---..---- 
Capt. Mihs Siandish'b Inventory of Books, . - . - - 
Juridic^tl Stati-iiics of Merrimack County, .-.-.- 
Biogra[)hic^il Notices of Oeccitsed Piiysicians in Massachnsetls, 
Extract from a Letter of Hon. William Cranch, . . . . 

Letter from l\cv. John Walrond to Rev. WilHam Waldron, - 
Form of a Family Itcgislcr, ..----.■ 

Genealogy of the Cha^e Family, - 

" " Dudky F'amiiy, ...---• 

Epitaphs, 

Instances of Longevity in Belfast, Mc., 

Scraps from Interleaved Almanacks, 

Decease of the Fathers of New Knt;Iand, ..---■ 
Notice of Governor Bradstreet, with an Engraving of his House, 
Sketches of Alumni at the difTercnt Collc<;cs in New England, 

Fathers of New England, - • 

Gov. Hinckley's Verses on the Death of his second Contort, 
Biographical Notices of I'hysicians in Kingston, N. H., - 
Register of Births in Dedham, - - .... 
Aniiivei"sarv of the New llngland Society at Cincinnati, <)., 
Notices of \'ew Puhlicati(ms, • - 



'J 
21 
.54 
40 
41) 
4? 
bry 
54 
54 
60 

66 
67 
t)8 
71 
72 
7.3 
73 
74 
75 

91 
1)2 
95 
99 
100 
100 



NO. n. 

Memoir of Hon. Samuel Sewall, with a Portrait, 

Letter of Chief-Justice Sewall, 

Col. Gookin's Letter, ■ - 

History of the Pilgrim Society, . ■ - . . . 
Passengers of the (loldcn Hind, with an ]MV.rravlng, 
Passengers of the Speedwell of Ixjiulon, . - - . 

Examination of Quakeis, 

Complete Li-t of the .Ministers of Boston - - . . 
First Settlers of New ICngland, . - . . . 
Capital Odcnces in Massachusetts, ..... 
Juridical Statistics of .Merrimack County, N. H., 
Reasons for Genealogii'allnvc><tigatioii-. . - . - 

Our Ancestors, 

Congregational Ministers and Churches in Rockinj;han\ Coun 
I'ropiietors of New Haven, Ct., ..... 
Memoir of Enoch Pardons, l'^s(i,, with a Portrait, 
Philosophy of I^ife, '-..... 

Genealogy of the Cotton Family, ..... 

" '■ Butler Family, - • - - . 



N. II 



105 
111 
11.5 
114 

120 

l;i2 

1.32 
\:u 
137 
139 
140 
147 

14;» 
l.-)(i 

157 
1 5't 
103 
164 
107 



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(iciiealopiy of the Miiiot Family, 

I?i();:iiii)liiciLl Notices of nccca^cd riiysiciann in Massadiusetts, 

SkHclu'S of Aliiiiuii lit the tlitVcrc-nl C'ollot,'cs in Ni-w Knf,'land, 

Dr. Willis's Lolitr of Coiidolcuce to Madam Sewall, 

List of Ancient Niuncs in Boston and Viciuity, - 

Family Increase, -..------ 

Instiinees of Lon;;evity, ...---- 

Marriaj^es and Dcuth-;, -------- 

Notices of New I'lililicaiions, ------ 



171 

17H 
Wi 
191 
19.3 
106 
190 
197 
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NO. III. 

Memoir of (Governor Kndocott, with a Portrait, . . - . 
Oriirinal Covenant of the Fir-t Church in the ^lus.sachusctts Colony, 

M.-raidrv, 

Heraldic Plato, ' 

li.tiiiicatioii of the Federal Constitntion hy Ma.ssachusetts, 

Letter of Chief-. Justice Sarj^eant, 

( "i)in|(lete List of the Mini-ters of I5oston, 

Cou'.'rcj,Mti(Hial Mini>ters and CImuhes in Pockin^diam County, N. H., 
Gene.ilogy of the Woicott l'"aniily, .--.-. 

Minot Family, ...... 

" " I'lirscjiis l-'amily, ...... 

Ancient Bilile in the Hrmlford Family, 

nioirraphical Notices of I'hysicians in Hocliester, N. II., 
Sketches of Alniniii at the dilVerent CoUe^'es in New Enjjland, - 

Advire of a Dyin;^ Father to his Son, 

Prlationship, .......--- 

Decease of the Fathers (.f New Fnjrland, 

New Fiiirland, .-..--•--- 
Arrival of early New Fn^jhmd Ministers, .... 

( lenealoiries and their Moral, -.....- 

First Settlers of Rhode Ivlaiid, 

N[arria;_'es and Dc.iths, ...-..-. 
Notices of New ['uhlieations, ....... 



NO. IV. 

Memoir of Covcrnor Hutcliinson, witli .h Portrait, . . . - 

The I'.ndecott Hock. 

■ First SellUnieiit of Norwich, Ct 

Names of the First Settlers of Norwich, in IGCO, . - - - 

Patent of tlie 'I'own of .Norwich, ill IfiS."), 

Fetter ol' Fieiit (iovernor Stou;,diton, ...... 

Coniplelo r/ist of the Ministers of Boston, ------ 

C,)ii;;re;riitii'nal Ministers and Churches in RockiTi;:ham County, X. II. 
lluixncnots, .-.,.-.-... 

On ( ieuealoirv, .-.--.---- 

( ieiiealoiry of the I'>ndi(ott Family. -..-.-. 

N(»tice of the Iluiilin^rton ]-'amily, - - 

( ienea!o;:y of llcin-i (inchet, .-.----. 
( iencaloj^y of the Cookin Family, ------- 

The Foster Family, 

lllnslr.itions of (Icuealoiry. accompanied with a Difljrrara, 

Memoir of Ivev Zc|ihaniah S. Moore, D. D., - - . . . 

Memoir of Allien Ci. F|)ham. M. ])., 

Pnrial-Fhiee at "Old Town." (Newbury, Ms.,) - 

On the Wearing of the Hair, 

I'rolilie I'^imily, ----.-- 
Population of the Colonies in this Countiy in 1700, 
Scotch Prisoners sent to .^fassaelmsetls in 10.'J2, - 

M.irria;:es ami Deaths, 

Notices of New Puhlications, . - . . 

Inilex of Snhjects, 

Index of Names, 






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NEW ENGLAND 
IIISTOIUCAL A?;i) GENEALOGICAL KEGISTER 




MEMOIR OF JOHN FARMER, ^L A, • :. 

t..VTn COUnKSI-ONDI.G SnCP-ETAUT or TH. NKW UAMrSHIKi: niSTOniCAI. .OCIETV. 

John Farmer, ^vho was the most dlstingni.hcd Genealogist and 
\ntiquary of t!)is country, was born at Chelmsford, Ms, June U, 
1789 ^ He was the eldest son of John Farmer, who married, Jan- 
uary -"^l 17SS, Lydia Richardson, daughter of Josiah Richardson 
of Chel'msford, Ms. His father was the son of OHvc>r Farmer, born 
Tuly 31, 172S, who was the son of Edward, born at Ansley, \\ ar- 
wickshire, England, who emigrated to this country abom the year 
1G70, and settled at irdlerica, Ms.f 

Mr. h-'armcr inherited a feeble constitution, hrom early hie till 
death, his appearance was that of a person in the last stage of a 
consumption. Cut notwithstanding his great bodily infirmity he 
was enabled by his industry and perseverance to accomplish 

wonders. ^•:-^^„* 

From diikll.ooil, he was fond of Ijoote and study; over diligent 
as a scholar, and excelling most of his sehool-fellovvs in Ins ao-im- 
silions of knowledge. Hours which, dnring recess or vacation the 
more hardy and robust wonld spend in athletic ga.nes and you hful 
sports, he was disposed lo employ in poring over books ol history, 
geography and ehronology, inquiring after ancient records and 

appear in iho jjenealojyot ihc iamur ^'^""'^ '^ ' '^ , ' ^,[: ,"\\' ,^ i^IeruJ in tins nu.aber 
y'-krs l-oCore liis death. Huviuj becu rcmodellea and iinrro\ l.i, ii is uucn 
of llic ll.'gisler. 



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papers, looking into the genealogy of families, and copying and 
troa;<nniig up anecdotes and traditions of Indians and Kevolu- 
tionary sU-uggles. In his fondness for writing, and for copying 
antiquarian, civil, ecclesiastical and literary matters, he almost 
insensibly acquired a beautiful style of penmanship, which gave to 
all his manuscripts a peculiar air of neatness and grace. A favor- 
ite of the clergyman of his native place, he was allowed free access 
to his books and papers, and thus he imbibed those impressions of 
filial respect for the ministers of the gospel, which he exhibited on 
all occasions through life. He regarded, with great revermce, the 
clerical profession, looking upon the ministers of the cross as 
indeed " the messengers of God." | 

^\! the age of sixteen, he became a clerk in a store at Amherst, } 
N. If. Here he remained five years, giving diligent attention to I 
the business of his employers, and devoting his leisure hours to f 
literary studies and correspondence. In a letter to the Rev. llez- j 
ekiah Packard, D. D., who had been his teacher before he went to ! 
Amherst, IMr. Farmer spoke with affection and gratitude of his I 
early Instructor; and in a reply, dated Wiscasset, Me., Dec. 4, f 
IbOO, the Doctor says, " If any of my friendly and religious coun- | 
sels, or any books I put into your hands, made deep and lasting 1 
impressions upon your tender mind, you will join me in Lnving j 
praise and glory to God and the Redeemer. I can truly say of my | 
pu[)ils, as St. John did of those he had converted to the Christian ) 
faitli, 'I have no greater joy than seeing them walking in the j 
truth.' I am much pleased with the account you give of your i 
industry and progress. If you have no idea of a college edu<;ation, I 
it might appear as useful to you to become more familiar with | 
your favorite branches, geography, history, the constitutions of our { 
State governments and that of our common country, as well as j 
■with the origin and progress of wars, and other calamities ni the I 
eastern world," No pupil, probably, ever more highly valued an I 
instructor, than did young i'armer; and that he placed a high 
estimate upon the teachings of Dr. Packard, is sufficiently -hown 
by his allectionate remembrance of him, and by his jiursuils in 
afl'M- life, and the results of his many labors. 

in 'he course of the year ISIO, iinding the labors of his station 
too arduous for his feeble health, Mr. I-'armer left the sIcmc, and j 
engaged in teaching school, an employment in wliich he is said to 1 
have greatly excelled. Two or three years previous lo this, a liter- i 
ary .i>sociallon for mutual improvement v.as formed at Amlierst, ) 

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1847.] John Fanner, M. A. 11 

r the members of which met weekly for debate, the rehearsal of 
f pieces, and reading origuial compositions. C)f this society, Mr. 
Farmer was for about eleven years the chief supporter, contribu- 
. ■ lino- largely to the interest and usefulness of the meetings l)y his 
own performances, and by inviting and attracting to it the young 
men of promise that were about him. The neighboring clergy 
were made honorary members of it. and frequently attended its 
meetings, and participated in the discussions. 

While engaged in school-keeping, Mr. Farmer culiivalcd his 
natural taste, and pursued, with indastry, historical inquiries. In 
1813, becoming known to some of the Members of the Massacl n- 
setts Historical Society, he was elected a Corresponding Mcunber 
of it, and immediately becami^ a contributor to its Collections, wh;cl^ 
have been published. In 1S16, he published, in a pamphlet form, 
his " Historical Sketch of Billerica," and furnished many valuable 
facts towards the materials for the History of Chelmsford, after- 
wards published by the Rev. Mr. Allen. In 1S20, he published 
" An Historical Sketch of Amherst from the llrst settl-mnent of liie 
town," in pamphlet form. In these two publications, the marked 
peculiarities of his mind are strongly exhibited. He evinced a 
memory wonderfully tenacious of particular facts, dates, and names, 
sound judgment in collecting, selecting, and arranging his materi''-. 
and an exquisite niceness and exactness in all the details of these 
histories. 

About this time, Mr. Farmer commenced the study of medicine 
with Dr. Matthias Spalding, an eminent Physician of Amher-t ; 
but after a few months, foreseeing that he should be unfitted to 
dischar<,'e the laborious duties of 'lie profession, he reliiKiuished the 
study ; and in 1S2L, removed to Concord. He there formed a con- 
nection in business with Dr. Samuel P^Iorril, and opened an apoth- 
ecary's store, from which circumstance he received the title of i>oc- 
.' tor. His feeble health not allowing any kind of hard manual 
labor, or exposure to the changes of weather out of doors, he, pari'y 
[ of neces/ity and partly of ehoice, adopted a very sedentary mode 
\ of life. He was rarely away from his place of residence. He 
[ ' deemed it hazardous for him to leave home. In 1S3G, however, 
f after a lapse of eighteen years, he visited Boston, where he was 
r treated with marked respect and attention by the Uterati of the 
I city ; but was quite ill, while there, and unable to enjoy very mu vh 
i of what he expected from his visit. He soon returned home, 
i restored Nj comparative health. 






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From the time of hi.s removal lo Concord, ?^Ir. Farmer devoted 
hlm^vU principnlhj to what l.ad become l.i:= favorite studies and 
pursnits. lie gathered together books of ancient date, early record. 
of the town?, and notices of the fix^A settlers of the country ; inqujre.l 
into the names, ages, characters and deaths of distinguished men 
of every profession ; and entered into extensive correspondence will: 
individuals who might be able to furnish him with facts, relating t.. 
the subjects of his in.iuiry. Jn short, he soon l>ecame known as an 
Antiquary, distinguished beyond any of his fellow-citizens, for exact 
knowledge of facts and events relative to the history of New Hamp- 
shire, and of New England generally. His mind was a vvonderlu: 
repository of names, an<l dales, and particular incidents; and si, 
general and well established was his reputation for accuracy ol 
memory, that his authority was relied on as decisive in hi.toricn' 
and .'cncalogical facts. And though at times, he might have been 
maccumte, it is to be remembered, that, while he was the greatest 
(Icnealogist and Anticpvary of the country, he was also the Pionct, 
in this deparlmenl of knowledge; and while some, who shah 
follow him, may orrasionnll// discover a mistalce, the honor of thi< 
is not to be compared to the honor of projecting and cxecittinL' 
such works as Mr. 1-armer's. 

In iS22, Mr. Farmer, in connection with Jacob B. ^Nloore, Esq., 
commenced a Periodical Miscellany, devoted principally lo, " 1. His- 
torical Sketches of Indian wars, battles, and exploits; of the 
advenmres and suUerings of the captives : 2. Topographical De- 
scriptions of toNvns and places in New Hampshire, with their history, 
civil and ecclesiastical: 3. Biographical Memoirs and Anecdotes ol 
eminent and remarkable persons who lived in New Hampshire, oi 
who have had connection with its settlement and history : 4. Statis- 
tical TaV)les ; Tables of Births, Diseases, and Deaths : o. Meteor- 
ological Observations, and facts relating lo climate." Three vokuiu- 
of this work were published. 

In the same year he received the honorary degree of Master ol 
Arts from Dartmouth College ; and in the following year he was 
complimented with the appointment of Justice of the Teace for tiie 
newly constituted county of Merrimack, but he did not deem the 
odice of sullicienl importance, ever to act under his commission. 

The New Hampshire Historical Society was established, Ma;, 
20, 1S23; and, although Mr. Farmer was unable lo be present ai 
any of tlie early meetbigs of it3 founders, he took a deep interest 
m its establishment, and conlributed much towards its organization 



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and success. Tliou^li he was never more than once or" twice 
\ preseal at tlic ineeliiigs of the Society, yet lie never failed to com- 
j muiiicate with the laeinbers, by letter or otherwise, on sucli occa- 
\ sions. lie was Corresponding Secrelary of the Society till his 
] death, the duties of which olllce he dlsclnn-ijed with rare aV)iIi!y 
and fidolily. Of the five volumes of Col!ectit)ns, juiljlished by the 
Society, he was on the Publi>Iiiiig Committee of four. Tlif fifiii 
volumo was wholly compiknl by him, and all the preceding vol- 
umes are enriched by his contributions. 

In 1*^'23, yh. Farmer, with an associate, Jacob E. Moore, Fsij., 
published " A Ga/etteer of the Slate of New IIam])shlre, comi)re- 
licnding, 1. A concise deserip/iion of the several towns in the 
State, in relation to their boundaries, divisions, mountains, lalccs, 
ponds: 2. The early history of eacli town; n;u"nes of the first 
settlers, and what were their hardshi])s and adventures ; instances 
of longevity, or of great moilallt}' ; and short biographical notices 
of the most distinguished and useful men : 0. A eoncisi" notice of 
(he formation of the first churches in the several towns ; llie names 
of those who have been succes.-ively ordained as ministers, and 
the time of their settlement, removal or death : 1. Also, notices of 
permanent charitable and other institutions, literary societies, tSrc." 
This work was one of immense labor. 

I\Ir. Farmer's jniblished works are very nuirnTOUs ; and, consid- 
ering his infirm state of health during the v>diole seventeen years of 
his residence in Concord, those who best knew him were sinprlsed 
at the extent and variety of his hd^ors. The following is bclirved 
to be an accurate list of his productions, with the excejition ol his 
occasional contributions to the newspapers, or other cj)hemeral 
publications. 

1. A Family lli-glsler of the Descendants t)f Fdward Farmer, 
\ of Billerica, in the youngest branch i»f hi^ Family. l:?mo, pp. 13. 
Concord, 1813 ; with an Appendix, 12mo, pp. 7. Concord, 1821. 
This work, with some additions, was reprinted at Ilingham, in 
1858. 

:2. A Sketch of Amherst, N. II., published in '2 Coll. Mass. Hist. 
Soe. ii. Boston, J "^11. 

3. A Tojjographical and Historical Desi'rI])tion of the County of 
Hillsborough,' N. II., published in :2 Coll. Ma^s. Hist. Soe. vii. 
Boston, 1818. 

■1. An Hist(n-ical Alemoir of IVilIerica, ,Ms., containing Notices of 
the principal events in the Civil and lOeolesiasiical Allairs of the 



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I;! . Town, iVom it< lirsi hclilcnirut to I^-IO. bvo, ))p. Cii. Amherst, 

ISIG. 

'5. All Historical Sketch of Anilur^t, N. II., from the first 5-eltle- 

mciit to ISOO. Svo, pp. S-j. Ainhcr.>t, ISHO. A second edition, 

>'i. much enlarged, was pul;li>licd at Concord, in lSo7. Svo, pp. 5:2. 

G. All I'leclefe^iastieal llegister of New Hampshire; eoiitaining a 

Knccinct account of the dinereiit religions denominations; their 

-•- origin, and progress, and present numbers; with a Catalogue of 

the Ministers of the several Churches, from 1G3S to ]^.•21; the date 

of their settleincnt, removal, or death, and the number of conirnu- 

nicanls in 1^:21. ISnio, jip. 8G. Concord, 182:2. 

7. The New Military Guide, a coni]-iilalion of Pvules and Regu- 
lations for the use of the Militia. 12mo, pp. Ml. C\»ncord, 1S22. 
N. The New Hampshire Annual Regi.Mer and United Slate- 

■ r*?. Calendar, published annually at Concord, from 1^-22 to 1S3^, inclu- 
sive, seventeen numbers, each consisting of 144 pages, ISmo, ex- 
cepting those for 182:3 and 1824, which were in 12mo, pp. iri2, 132. 

0. A Gazetteer of the State of New Hampshire, with a Map, 
and several J'higravlngs, (in conjunction wiih .lacob B. !Moore. 
. • •' I-]s(|.) J2mo, pj). 27G. Concord, 1^23. 

10. Collections, Historical and Miscellai]et)us, (in connection 

' with J. n. iAIoore, I-^scj.) 3 vols. 8vo, pp. 302, 3S8, 38^. With an 

Appendix to Vols. II. and HI. pp. 1 10, 07. Concord, 1822, 1823. 

■ . . 1824. 

■ • ' 11. .Afemoir of the Penacook Indians, published in an Appendix 
to Moore's Annals of Concord, 1824. 8vo, pp. 7. 

12. A Genealogical Register of the First Settlers of New Eng- 
•• land, containing an Al|ihabetieal List of the Governors, Deputy 
Governors, Assistants or Connsellors. and Ministers o{ the Gosj)el. 
in the several Colonies, from 1G20 to 1G92 ; Repivsentaiives of the 
General Court of iAIassachuselts, from 1C31 to 1G02 ; (graduates of 
Harvard College, to 1GG2 ; Members of the Ancient and Honorable 
Artillery Company, to 1GG2 ; I-'reenicii admitted to the Massachu- 
setts Colony, from lfi30 to l(i(i2 ; with many other of the early 
inhal)itan(s of New Fmgland and Hong Island, N. A'., from 1G20 
to the year ]()7r) ; to wlhi'li are added various (Jeiu'alogieal and 
Biographical Notes, colleeted from Ancient lucords. Manuscripts, 
and printed Works. 

18. A Catechism of the History o{ New Hampshire, from its 
first settlement, for Schools and Families. ]8mo, jip. 87. Concord, 
1829. Second edition, I'^mo, pp. 108, in I "^30. 



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1-1 Thr f«,K-ora Dircctorv. 12,no, pp. 21. Conconl, 1-30. 
ir,; Payors, Dccon., ancrMemlK-r. ol' .l,e Fir.,l Cc'"S-f' '"J"! 
Churcl, in Co,K-or,I, X. ]I., fi-om Nov. 1^ 1730, to >ov. ]>, 1 .50. 
Svo, pp. 'il. Concord, l^oO. 

1.; An eclhion of ,1„. ConM.tulion of N.sv IT.mpsl.irc w, h 

a„os,i«ns; cksign«l for ,l,c use of A.adomios unci D,sn-,c. frcl.ool. 

insnidSimle. ISino, pp. OS. Conconl, 1S31. 

. 17. A now edition of 15ell,n:,p; containing vnvions^ CotTeet.on, 

I ntul lllnslmtion. of the first and seeond volntyes of !>■ «^ '""1' ' 

\ History of New llampsltire, and additional I'aHs and Nott.e. ol 

Persons and Even,., tl.erein .uentioned. P.d>lisl,ed ,n 1 vol. .vo, 

\ ''■'ia Paifers'in tlie'seeond and Third Series of the Mtrs^achusetts 

Historical Collections. - ,.„„^,r,1„. 

19. Papers in the five publislted volntnes of Colleet.on. o. the 
New Ilampsldre Historical Society. ^ „1,„- nf 

20. Papers in the American Qnavtcrly Pegtster, vi>^j Sl->cl" J| 
,hc Fir.s, Gra.lnates of Parnnonlh Cllegc from 1 . -1 .o 1--. 
List of the Congregational and Presbytertan M..n> e,.~ ol Ne 
Hmpshire, from its firs, settle.nen. to 1S14 ; List "' ;'«' f'™- 
ates of all Ihe Colleges of New Knglan.l, «--"S^^ ;;'.";, ■"„ 
natncs- Li^t of eigl.l hundred and lorty deceased M, tn-tc. w lio 

^Ig'radnated at "Harvard College, fro.n Uil2 - 1-20, together 
wdth their ages, the time of their gradnatiot. and of the.r de ea=^, 
I„d Memoirs of Ministers who have gradnat,.,! a, Harvard Col- 

''V:JtL obvious that these worUs re<p,ir..d severe labor and 
unwearied care in their preparation. Of Mr. F arnter s edttton r 
Belknap's History of New Hatnpsltirc ,1 ts snihctcnt t sa , tha 
the wo U is very much i.u,.roved by Hie Annotator, who h.t.~ em 

d d great mass of valuable u.atter in bis notes rclat.vc to 
„ cts :i which he trca.cl. I. was his intention to have prcpa e< 
:Jccond volume for the press, and he had co lected a .„... of 
materials for the .-ork, but did n,>. live to aceotup >h - ^ ' 

The Genealogical Rcgistc.r is a most wot.dcrfnl "■"'""" ° 
„er e ing industrv. 1. tuay justly be called his ,,:„ ,eo,-/,-, bo 1 
naceontu of the' cprantity of .natter .vhich >. contams and . 
aurteubv of tracing out branches of famthcs, where - - - 
rc^nlav' genealogy. It emhtaees nrany thottsan.U ol n.u . ol 
persons, with dates of birth, death, ollices sustatned, p ace, o .- 
cnee, .^c, chielly through the seventeenth ccnturv. 1 or one w bo 



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is fond of iT|>n:>alogical invcslig;itioiis, llicro is no trensnrc-liouso 
lilcc it. There are but a few snriinincs found in New England; 
during the two centuries of our existcnee, which do not tlicre 
appear. Had Mr. Faruier jiublished notliing else, this would 

• , I remain a lasting monunient of his jiatient research and marvellous 

accuracy. lie has left a corrected copy of his Kegistcr. greatly 

enlarged by successive additions, corrections, and illustrations. He 

has also left several valnabh.; manuscripts, more or less complete, 

• containing i^k'etches of deceased liawyers, Physicians, Counsellors, 

iV s.i and Senators in New Hampshire ; Tables of Mortality and Longev- 
ity ; Memoirs of more than two thousand early graduates of Harvard 
College, and also of m-my graduates of Dartmouth College. Those 
of Hartmonth College consist only of a fev\' memoranda of those 
• individuals who received their degrees prior to 1799.^ 
vv.r.v ^^ great labor, and tlic one on which Mr. Farmer had been 
engaged for a considerable time ])revious to his death, was the 
oxamining and arranging of the State Papers at Concord. Under 
a resolution of the Legislature of New Hampshire, approved Jan. 
3, lSo7, he was appointed to " examine, arrange, index, prepare 
for, and superintend the binding, and othervrisc preserving, such of 
the public papers in the archives of the State, as may be deemed 
M-orthy of sucli care." Of this species of labor, no one knows the 
extent and difficulty, unless he has either himself been versed in it, 
or has frequently watched its progress when undertaken by others. 
Mr. Farmer, in a letter to a distinguished literary friend in Massa- 
chusetts, written in August, 1S]7, says, in reference to it, "that Ke 
has had a great burden resting on him for the last four or five 
months;" and adds, "the records and files were in great confusion, 
no attempt, having been made for arranging and binding a regular 
series of the former or for properly labelling and classifying the lat- 
ter. In a few cases, I believe, there were papers of three centuries 
in the same bundle. This will serve to give you an idea of the 
confusion in which I found them. I began first with the Province 
Records, arranged under three diflerent heads: 1. Journals of the 
House; 2. Journals of tlie Ct)uncil and As^emljly ; o. Journals of 
the Council.. The Journals of the House received my first atten- 
tion. 'J'hesc I foiuid to commence in 1711, and from that time to 
177-3, they existed in twenty dillerent portions, some in leaves, and 

* These Memoirs of crnnliiates :it Ilarv.ir.l nn.l DartiiioiHh ro!le-os wore, airreenl)ly to the 
desire ol .^]r. Furnicr, phu'cd la the hands of llic l^ev. It. Co-swi 11 oI" Bostou, lor his dis- 
posal. 



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in mere paper books, of a few slicels each. Only tlirce or four 
were bound volutnes. I arranired the whole so as 1o make ei'Mit 
volumes ; eopying about three hundred l)ages, which would not 
conform in size. These have been bound in Russia leather, with 
spring backs, and make a handsome array of folios, c-onlaining 
3,813 pages. The Council anil Assembly Records, beginning 1G09 
and ending 1774, in five volumes, large folio, and containing 2,'2G0 
pages, next were arrangi^d, and are now ri-ady for the l)in(I( r. The 
Council records are imi)erfect, audit will be necessary loco}>y much 
from the files before they nrr ready to bind. Besides these, I have 
collected the speeches and messages of tlie Provincial CJovcrnors, 
from 1G99 to 1775, arranged them in chronological order, and ha\0 
had them bound in three handsome volumes of about 1,-100 pages. 
I will not mention the amount of papers in files which I have been 
over, new folded, and labelled." 

Governor Ilill, in his aiuuial message to the Legislature, in June, 
1837, says: " Under the resolution of the last session. .Tohn I'armer, 
Esq., has for several wcelcsljecn engaged in arranging f(.)r bindjm^'and 
preservation the shattered records and ]ni1)lic papers in the archives 
of this Slate. Perhaps a century may occur Ijcfore another person 
with his peculiar tact and talent shall appear to undertake this 
work. Although of extremely fec'ble health, there is not probably 
any other person in the Stale, who can readily perform so much — 
none so well versed in its history, and who has like him traced 
from the root upwards, the rise and progress of governmcnl in the 
land of the Pilgrims, and the origin and spread of every considera- 
ble faiuily name in New England." 

And in his message of June, 1838, Governor Hill thus speaks : 
"In my last animal communication to the Legislature, the progress 
made in the examination and arrangement of our public archives, 
by John Farmer, Esq., was mentioned. Since that time, with a 
method and perseverance deserving high jiraise, Mr. I'\u-mer has 
prosecuted his labors, until the appropriation then made has been 
exhausted, and a small additional exi)ense incurred. Twenty-three 
volumes have been bound in a neat and substantial manner. 
Among these volumes, is one containing the Associateil Test 
Returns, which has the original signatures of 8,199 citizens of this 
Slate, al)ove the age of twenly-one years, who ' solenmly engaged 
and promised that they would to the utmost of their power, al the 
risk of their lives and fortunes, with arms, oppose the hostile jiro- 
ccedings of the Ikitisli fleets and armies against the United 



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Amcrlcriii Colonies.' 'J'lils pledge, it should be remembered, pre- 
ceded the Deelaratiou of IndepcJidence several inoiiliis. Il was, 
Iherefore, in the language of a nole prefixed by Mr. Fanner, 1o this 
volume, 'a bold anrl JKuardous ^tep, in suljject.';, thus to resist the 
authority of one of the most i)o\verful sovereigns in the world. 
Had the eause in whieh these men pledged their lives and fortunes 
failed, it would have subjected every individual who signed it, to 
the pains and penalties of treason ; to a cruel and ignominious 
death.' In my oj)inion, the cost to the Slate of this enterprise, by 
the man of all others best qualified for such an undertaking, Ijcars 
no comparison to its importance : it is hoped the Legislature will 
direct Mr. Farmer to j)ersevere until he completes the worlc. Let 
every fragment of our history be preserved; let us sufier nothing 
to be lost." 

The Legislature wisely responded to the suggestions of the 
Governor. Mr. Farmer was continued in the work ; and his life 
was prolonged until he had accomplished the most dilTicult portion 
of the task confided to him. 

"We know that jMr. Farmer placed an humble estimate upon liis 
labors. lie well understood the general indillerence of the public 
to ])ursuits of this nature. The direction of the living ami moving 
crowd is onward ; and he who busies himself in gathering up the 
memorials of the past, will be left behind, — himself and his labors 
too generally unrewarded and forgotten. IMr. Farmer has done 
perhaps more than any other individual in collecting and preserving 
the materials for our local history, and establishing accuracy in its 
details. lie investigated faithfully, took nothing upon trust, and 
rested on reasonable conclusions only where absolute c-erlainly 
could not be attained. IMany have expressed surprise that Mr. 
Farmer could have been so indefatigable and painstaking in his 
pursuits. But the fondness for these investigations grows with 
indulgence. Success in establishing an old fact is a triumph over 
time. Facts established are the warj) and woof of history ; and 
the diligent antiquary thus gives to history its main materials, 
voracity and fidelity, when enlightened i)hiloso[)hy steps in and 
completes the work. 

We have already mentioned, that IMr. Farmer was one of the 
three or four gentlemen only in New Hampshire, who have been 
clecled Corresponding Members of the Massachusetts Historical 
Society. He was also a Corresponding Meiriber of the Khode 
Lland and Maine Hislorieal Societies, and of the American Anti- 



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qnarian Soc-irlv- He ^^-a. also .U-cU-cl in August, iSi., a rnnnbcr 
of Iho Royal Society of Norlliern Anticiuaries at Copcnl.a-cn. 

There Nvas searcely u lovelier or more prominent trait m Mr. 
Farn.er'. c-haraeter, than the ever fresh and ofrectionato mtcrost 
whieh ho took in the intelleelnal improvement an.l moral cul- 
ture of the voun-. Having no family of his ONvn to engage lus 
khul and ge.H^ron.^ anVetions, a chief source of hai.p.ness to Inm 
seemed to be, to act the j.art o{ a father and teacher to all the youth 
who Nvere about hi.n. He encouraged lyceums and literary asso- 
ciations for mental improvement; often heard recitations m pri- 
vate; examined compositions written at his own suggestion ; and 
directed the studies of such as applied to him. And such ^vas his 
.uavitv of manners, his instmciive conversation, and inexhaustible 
store of historical anecdote, that he scarcely ever laded to mspne 
his pupils and intimate accpudntances with a portion <,f his taste lor 
literary and historical pursuits. Those who knew him resi^eeted 
him. 'Those who knew him inlin.ately and were Ins Inends, lo^ea 
him. He wa. no dogmatist; never a violent partisan, although 
decided in his opinions, on whatever subject he c■^))res^ed tlumi. 
He possessed native delicacy and refinement ol character. Ao 
harsh expressions fell from his lips or proceeded from Ins pen. He 
was nevertheless .pdek and sensitive to the distinctions between 
riMit and wrong, and steadily threw his iniluencc mto the scale ol 
truth. His was a gentle spirit, seeking cp.iet and afleetion, like 
Cooper's though without his vein of melancholy ; and, thougli 
instinctively shrinking from vice, he was not disposed harshly to 
vi^it the oliender. He had zeal but it was die zeal of a catholic 
spirit, and of kind aflections-the spirit of the Christian and gen- 
tleman, which respect.'d the feelings of others, in whatever Mluation 
or circumstances of life. 

All who were accpiainted with Mr. Farmer, will respond to the 
anectionate and just tribute, which fell from the lips ol the llev. Mr 
Bouton, on the occasion of his funeral : " We believe our departed 
friend and fellow-citi/en possessed the spirit of a Christian. Owing 
to bodily weakness and infirmities, he could not attend public wor- 
ship on the Sabbath, or be present al any public meeting, -but 
wc know he was a firm believer in the duetrines of Christianity ; a 
re-ular contributor to tlic support of divine worship; an intelligent 
ai^d frecpient reader of the Holy Scriptures ; and that he ever cher- 
' ished and manifested the proloundest reverence for the inM.tutions 
and ordinances of religion, and particularly a re.pect lor thri.tian 



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.■^, . 20 ... Memoir of John Fanner, 31. A. [Jan. 

ministers o^ every denoniiiiation, \v1k)?o conduet beeamc their pro- 
fession. His spirit and views were eminently ealholic. lie loved 
the good of every name, and eheerfully united with them in all 
approved efforts and measures for tlie advaneement of truth and 
ri"hlconsne?s," lie annuallv eonlribuled to the Bible, Missionary, t 
and other Charitable Soeielies; and no man living, perhaps, felt a | 
p., deeper interest in the suecess of the great enterprises of Christian 

P' benevolence, than did i\Ir. I'armcr. 

|: His last siekness was short. Few of his friends were aware of 

$ ., . his danger, till it was evident that he could not long survive. Many 
t gladly oflered their serviees to wait upon him, and watch around 

?. his dying-bed; but the privilege of this was reserved to a few 

': , early-chosen friends. He waiUed to be still and tranquil. To a , 
;. dear friend, who stood by him, to watch every motion and meet \ 

every wish, he expressed peace of mind, and consolation in the 
hope of eternal life through Jesus Christ. On the evening of the 
Sabbath before his decease, he desired the same friend to sing to 
■■ . him a favorite hymn, v/liich she did. His reason remained un- 

clouded to the last, and he gently f«'ll asleep in death, at a few 
minutes past G o'clock, on Monday morning, the l-Jlh of August, , 
ISoS, in the lOlh year of liis age. » 

ij Upon the plain white marble stone, marking the jilacc where the *• 

I' mortal remains of Mr. I'^armer lie, is the following inscription: i 

|.^;' \ 

\'- "John Farmer, born at Chelmsford, Mass., '22 June, 17^0; Died ; 

■..• in this town, 13 August, 1S:3S; yEt. 49 years. ,| 

Honored as a man; ' 1 

ITistinguished as an Anti(piarian and Scholar; ! 

lleloved as a friend; j 

And revered as a Christian Philanthropist ; • 

^ ■ ' ' . : And a lover of impartial liberty ; ^ 

1^^ :^' Hia death has occasioned a void in Society, 
AVhich time will fail to sujiply ; 
"... And the reason and fitness of which, 
' ' As to tiiue and jnanner, and attendant circumstances. 

Eternity alone can fully unfold." 



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1S47.] Ocneahg-lcal Memoir of the Farmer Family. 



21 



GENEALOGICAL MEMOIR OF THE FARMER FAMILY, 



KcinodLllcel aiiJ Treiiarcl on n Now I'laii. 



U Y 9 A M U K I' 



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Explanation of the I'hin. 



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whole G^'McaloLry, iir« to 



whole U>nea.o,y, are .u .uu. " ^ « ^ ^^^.^"0 ' Lni- ---^-'-f 
desceiuk-a tVo.n the same anceatu, bat >''';;; ^^^^ ^7\i,,l,,,j,,,,s ,,_,y bo 
every p..son is seen al a ^'^"^f > ."' ^^ .'^.^^'^'^^.^V^'^.a farilitv. Ono numb.r 



cases, that ^»<-'\''''>'V''"^^ ;"'^': : 3 ,n a fou,ul ; remembcMin- that 
phcn in the series whcie the [^•^^^■^^"\'-\Vn show lie lUH.iber of elulJren 
he lloman numerals are only em;)lo ed to ^liow llie m . u , 

helon^n, to the -me i^rlicular ^-^:^ J^ --?£.; aLlu!it ^olun^ng 
shows, that thi< person is No. IS in t.i . ^^-';"JJ -V; sullicientlv obvious. The '^ 

*^ "•:;.? hr,u'r,:;sU-Ti™rin,:io ai.in,.,.h ...cn no. *„.c of >.. 
lEIfe-s^'o^^^^^ 

make a ,enealoy.c-al memoir so ; f. it ^-H ■ ■ > '^" ';^ in.bvidaals, not 
oflcl. fou„d llmt :nu..y so |x«3.-J ovor, ' "''^'^''.i' ;^„; ",•;,•;" ,., „ ,„.„- draft 



i'5!w')*V 



,;> 



Y;. !'■ . "^ .KiKIUi- 



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'if 



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if ., . , ■ : , 



H',f>f'iL' lU ■ttlii •> c- ft . Ii 



22 Gcii€alo'j:iral Memoir of [Jan. ^ 

i 

wlu'iu'vor \v(,' lliid llicni, witli tlie sMinc ninnciiciil nTcrences, &c., as rmnloyed % 

throiiiiliuut. 'I'lius, ill the lullowiii.,^ ^ieiualoiiv w<! liavu .seveial plact-d in ihis ^^ 

manner for illustration; as fur example, (lUJ) III. Ciiaklottk'' fall.-i into llie 

series, with her ilesoenJants at (1~I), while [^2) I. EowAUb' does noi fall in 

till (17G), and so of a few others. 

Ill preparing this memoir the reader must rememlier, that the author pub- I 

lishcd it in 1828, and hence, tliat the present tense often nsed by him, has refer- % 

ence 1o the ilale of pul)lieali()n. We make this iiole to avoid too frecjuent f 

interpolat'ons in brackets. .Mr. Farmer liad printed in 1813, sniulry Family 

Records of dillerent branches of the family, and in 18'2-1, lie issned an Appendix 

to it. This with tlie other part made about 30 pai,a's in IHmo. Tlieoe cuiitaineJ 

I a good deal not fcjuiul ia his last work. All three are here incorporated into a 

] reirtilar and continuous genealogy. The ctipies of the liist two printed works 

I which I have uscil, have inanv manuscript additions and corrections in the 

I author's own hand. The title-page of the .Memoir runs thus: 

i 

A GK\r:Ai,()fiicAr- mi-moiii ok 'I'lii: family hv tiii-: nami". oi' r Ait.\ii:i{, who 

1' s;i.yi'TLi:D .VT I;IL1J:H1CA, .M= 11i.n>.iiam, Iahmlu .V iii.uw.N, I'la.NTEi.:, 1;-'; 

1- 

t [Till! iVjIlriwiiig Di'ili.-aiiuii is upuu llic buck uf ilie liile-na,'e.] 

*■■••■ ■ ' 

\f' To .Ii'.DiDiAH Fa R.MP.K, The following Memoir of our .\ncestors, collected from 

|v various aMthentie sources, and with eonsitierable eiKpiiry and investii^ation, 

£■ is oUered to you as a token vi fraternal legard and allectiou, by your allec- 

f iiouate brother, Joii.s FAi;Mi;n. « 

L ■ Concord, \. II., January 2Sj 1S2S. .. ^ 

1^ • ■ ■• •• ■' ■ . 

V ^ ..>—-• • '■ .,■:■ MEMOIR. ■ ^ '■'••' - J 

^' ; . . . . . . * 

The SLiiname of FAtiMEii is one of considerable antiquity, and is \ 
>■•'. , one oT tliuse uanies derived froiu uecii[)atiuus or professions, which, \ 

i/ next to local names, or those derived from the names of places, are ' 

f , . the most numerous.* It comes from the Saxon term Fcannc or ? 

;•' . ■ Fconne, which signillcs food or provision.! Bnt some think it derived \ 
;:■■' from Finna, which signilies a [dace enclosed or shut in ; and some 

contend Ibr its French etymology I'rom the word Fcinie. 

The Far.micks, so far as my researches will enable me to conjecture, 
were of Saxon origin, and, in the reign of Edward IV., Kmg of Eng- 
land, were seated in Northamptonshire, where they remain to the 
,.^ j)resent day. They resided at Ivastun-Neslon about l-lbO. Anne, the 
daughter of llichard Farmer, Escp, of that place, married, before lolo, 
William Lucy, and their sou, Sir Thomas Lucy t)f Charlecote, knighted 
by Ciueen Elizabelh, in lt3G.3, was the knight and magistrate whose 
name is associated with some of the early events of the life of 
Shakspcare. "William Farmer, created Lord Leinster in 1GII2, tlie 
ancestor of the present carl of Pomlict, resided at Ivaston-Neston. 
Jasper Farmer, one of this family, is said to be the anccslor of the 
Farmers in the State of Pennsylvania. 

From Northamptonsliiro ilu-y seem to have spread over several of 
tlie contiguous counties before the middle of the sixteenth century; 
' being fotmd in Leicestershire as early as 1190, in AV'arwickshire in 
lolo, and in Sliro|isliire at nearly the same jjcriod. 

Sir William Dngdale, in his Anti(piilies of \\'arwickshire, mentions 
j' Fiichard Farmer and his wife, and John their son, and .^]aud his wife, 



;■. 



* .See Caniilen's Ruinains, 'Ito, Lomloii, 1'j03. 

f Skiinier's Etymnloyicon Lin^'uio AnglicaiKc. Spcliuaii's Glossarium Arcliaolog-icum. 






1^ • . ,!V.'. 



.'>; ■ 



; J): 



.r: 



1 r 



)■.•.■. ;•!((. •:'■' 



1847.] 



the Fanner Fiuniltj. ik"''' 'f 



23 



to whom, and ihc heirs male of the -aiJ John, ihc i.hicc or pan.li of 
Merslon-Jiolelcr in thi\t connly, was -granted by !hc Kuii;.s Letters 
Patent, dated November 23, lolo. He also names llev. Lhumas 
Vann-r. minister of the parish of Austrcy in XoVl, and ilcv .loliu 
Fanner, incumbent of the ehnreh in I'.agm-lon, 1.>j-J, and h.'V. dieh- 
ard, of the ijarish of Ashowc. 

K Farmer Esq, of Kennington Common, near London, miorms 
me* that his'aneeslors as far btiek as ho had been able to tiaee lliem. 
bclon<red to Oldbnry, near Lridgenorlh, in Shropslnre, and that then- 
names were Edward. Thomas Farmer, Es<i., one of the > ana-ers ot 
the British and Foreign Bible Society, is of this fannly. Lev. llngli 
Farmer, the learned author of the Dissertation on Miracles, and other 
Iheologieal works, was of Shroi-shire, and was born at a plaee enlled 
Isle Cate, belonging to u small hamlet almo.-t surrounded by llie river 
Severn, a few miles from Shrewsbnryt 

The braneli of the family traced in the following pages was lorinerly 
seated in Leicestershire, on the borders of Warwickshire ; and about 
1-500, were living in the village of Katcliffe-Cuiley, near ^^ iih.'dy. Ul 
those who resided there at that period, I am unable to speak with any 
de-ree of certainty, having the advantage of nu records _ or lamily 
mcmiorials. The late Kev. llichard Farmer. 1). D., ol Cambridge. 
En-land, made some collections of a genealogical nature, and Irom 
these it would seem, that the most remote ancestor, whom he had 
iraced was Edwaku, who is mentioned by Anthony ^J ^'^"l "-^ '''^ 
Athenie Oxonienses. and in his Fasti Oxonienses, as bemir the C hancel- 
ior of the Cathedral church in Salisbury, in 1031; winch ulhce he 
sustained until his death in lo^S. . -r , 

John Faumer is the next ancestor of whom I have any account, 
and of whom I have nothing more than the fact found among Lev iJr. 
Farmer's .MSS., that he was living at Ansley in A\ arwickshne lu ILUI. 
]ktween him and Edward of Salisbury, there were probably two or 
three generations, wlu.se names cannot be given with much eonlidence, 
although it is presumed from Cuillim's Heraldry, that the name ot one 

was Bartholomew. • t- i„ , i 

There has been a considerable number of the name m England, 
and several of them of the Warwickshire branch of the iamily, who 
have been employed in public bfe, or have been known by their writ- 
ings. The following list of them has been collected Irom various 

sources : , ^ i r t-> • i ..* ^p 

Antuonv, who was appointed in IC.yV. by James If.. IrcMdent ot 
Magdalen College; but. being u papist, and there being other objec- 
tions against his character, he was superseded by Lishop larker. k- 

Edward. "Jn the year L3-J, in the beginning o lebn.ary. 
Edward Leo became Ci.ancellor of the church ot Salisbury by the 
resignation of Thomas Winter, and was succeeded in that dignity by 
Edward Faumkr, in I)ecend)cr, l.J:U."s^ , , ^ . n ^n oo 

GnoRrii;. Esq., who was Fruthonotary ol the Court of Common 1 leas 

in UiG3.ll 

* MS. LotkT. Sec Appeiutix. 

IIuiiic.— ' ioliUinilli, \'t!. 
^ Wooil's Atliiriiir Oxonienses. 
II (Ii'.lhiu's llL-niiai-y.aiO. 



/ill ^' ' _ ' ? I. ; '„■ ... I 



3jU [ Ci 



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24 , ''/'••• Gcncalogiral Memoir of [Jan. 

IIatton, wlio was IMajor of Piiiice Charles' rc;^inient, and was killed 
by Culham Bridge, near Abingtlon, Jan. 11, lGl-3.*'' 

Hugh, already mentionetl, who was born 1711, died 1787, a. 73. 
Menioir.i oCliis Life and Writings were pubiislied in ISOo, by INlichael 
Dotlson, I']s(],, London, in an oetavo volume of 100 pages. 

J.\con, who pubiislied a " True Ilelation of tlic State of Ireland," 
London, KJ 12, octavo, 
p) James, who was miniver of Leirc, in Leicestershire, and was ejected 

'"■ in IGGO.t 

Jon.\, v/ho was a madrigaller, and who published a work noticed by 
Dr. Rees, issued in lo'.H, London, octavo. 

John, Esq., who v.'as Governor of the island of Barbadoes.t 
John, who was a clergyman, and imblished twenty sermons. Lon- 
don, 1711, octavo. 

,lon\, who published the " History of the Town and Abbey of 
Wallhani in Essex, England." London, r73o, octavo. 
, Jon.v, who was a surgeon, and jiublished " Select Cases in Surgery, 

J: . ' ' collected in St. Bartholomew's Hospital." l7o7, in quarto. 
%•' PiiisciLf.A, whose Life was published in 179C, by her grand-son, 

1**^' Charles Lloyd ^^ 

■j::: llicuARD, who was a Baptist minister, and v.-ho is noticed by Neal in 

I'"' ' ' his History of the Puritans. 

'^;_ ' rbicii.vuD, who published a sermon o\\ Luke xxi: 31. London, 1G29, 

'<■' quarto. 

^'' Richard, D, D., who publi'jhed " An Essay on the Learning of \ 

i' Shakspeare." London, 17 GG. \ 

_*. Fi-vLrH, Vv'ho was minister of St. Nicholas in Somersetshire, and was \ 

ejected in IGGO. He published the " ^lystcries of Godliness and ; 
.;■,'• Ungodliness, discovered from the writings of the Quakers." London, 

:'^' IG-Jo, quarto, li ] 

^'•- S , Esq., who was a member of Parliament, 1815."^ ; 

.v'"; Thomas, who was born August 20, 1771, ne[)hew of Dr. Richard, j 

C . Rector of Aspley-Guise in Bedfordshire. ' 

• Tiio.MAs, Vi/ho was a printer, and }iublished a work called ''Plain 

is- Truth, i.\:c." London, 17 G3, quarto. 

Y "William, who wrote an Almanac for Ireland, printed at Dublin, > 
15S7, supposed to have been the first printed in that country.** 

\ William, of Magdalen College, who v/as a Baronet, and was created 
t:.. Master of Arts in lGG7.1t 

V [Thus far wc have but the links of a broken chain, which must 
I' necessarily be the results usually of attempts of this nature. Wiiat 
j^' follows is Vv'ithout any lost link bctv/ecn those named and a common 
^•■; ■ ancestor.] — » 

(1) JoiiN,^ of Ansley, who m. Isabella Barbage of Great Packington, 
in AVarwicIishire, is the first ancestor o^ wliom I liave 
the means of giving any account, siqiporteil by original 
documents and family memorials in my posses.-^ion. 
Ansley, the place of his residence, is a small village in 
tJio northerly part of the county of Warwick, situated 

* rTiiillim's IlcraUlrv. \H\ \\ Calamy, ii "''00. 

t Calaiu)', Ejeciud ^liiii-lors, ii. -Ij?. '^, Lomloii .MaL-azine, xli. 2^^. 

j DouL'la^>' Siimtnary, i. l.'j.'). =* »^ Watt's liil'liuiljeoa Hriiaunira. 

\ tSou Monlhly Iteviow. f \ Wooil's Allieiuu Oxoiiiciisoa. 



t 



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1S17. 



Oie Fanner Familij. 



'40 












about ten miles from llic city of Coventry, four from 
Allicrstonc, wliicli borders on Leicestcrbbire, and five from 
Nnncalon, a considcraljle market town, and has a po[)n- 
lation of oil. In (liis place, and near Anslcy Hal!,* 
the seat of the Ludfords, he owned houses and lands, 
which passed to liis posterity through several genera- 
tions, and may still be owned by his descendants. Of 
his family 1 liavc procured some facts, which will 
be given, lie died before the year 1CG9, and Isabella, 
bis widow, came with some of her children to New l'2ng- 
land, a few years after this period, and m. Elder Thom- 
as Wiswall of Caml)ridgc A'illage, now Newton, who d. 
Dec. G, IGSo. She d. at Billcrica, IMay 21, IG-G, at an 
advanced age. 

The children of this John Farmer were, 

(2) I. John- of Ansley, who had the ]>aternal estate. He d. before 
(9) 1700. and his widow m. llichard Lucas of Ansley. 

(3) II. M.MiY,- who m. William Pollard of the city of Coventry, and d. 

before 1701. Their eldest son, Thomas, came to New 
'** England, m. Sarah Farmer, his cousin, settled in 

Billcrica, d. April ■!, 1721, leaving 10 sons. 
(1) III. Edward,- who was b. about 1G).I0, (probably the second son,) 

/i,i\ ^_ AT ...K„ K «1 * 1 1- t 1 TT., «rx.-.i^ t^ 



(10) 



Mary 



-, who was b. about 1G!1. He came to 



New England between 1G70 and lG73,t fixed his resi- 
dence at Billcrica, and was admitted to town rights and 
privileges in that place, Jan. 11, 1G73. He afterwards 
lived a year or two at Wolnirn, and one of bis children 
was born there. In Billcrica be was chosen to several of 

'- the most important town offices, and was cmitloyed in 

public service, until he was quite advanced in life. He 
had S children, 4 sons and 4 daughters. To his young- 
est son, Oliver, lie gave the farm on which he resided, 
which is still in possession of one of his descendants. 
On this farna have resided G successive generations, in 
the space of 1-j4 years. Ho died at Billcrica, IMay 
27,1727, a. about 67. Mary his wife d. IMarch 2G, 171G, 
a. 77. The male descendants of Edward Farmer, of the 
patronymic name, have nearly all l^ecn agriculturists, 
and no one among them has attained any considerable 
civil or literary distinction. In the female line of descent 
, : there have been several of liberal education, and others 
'•1 who have been honored with civil office. 

The house of Edward Farmer, (which stood until 
' after 1728.) was fortified as a garrison for a number of 

- years. While occupied as such, the following incident 

* At ihis place is the Hertnitase, in whi.-li is llie wi-'l known inscrijitiou written by 
Thomas \\'iirlon, D. D., Ijc^'inniiii,'- with, 

" Ht'iioalh this ^l(iny roof reclined, 
I suKtlie to peace my pensive uiiml." 

t From a deposition, taken July 21, lii'.U, In loie lucliard Hopkins, relalin:;: to tlie last 
will and lesianieut of Mr lohu Fanner ('I" An>ley, ml-iumI l.y I-Idwaud F.mimei:, son 
of the said John, it appears that ED^^^^nr), the deponiTit, wa» an inhatutant ol" Ansley at that 
time. It la, however, evident, that within a lew years after, he had become ."iettled in New 
Fn::land. The birth of his eldest son, in llwl, is inserted in the Keeords ol' L'.iUerica. 
although it is doubti'ul whether he settled there before liiTH. 



'V.. 






) I. Vtf. >,') ,f1 






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i> ■'' , li.Jr' J .oi/t'jjr"' -iM' 



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:^ 



OQ ; Genealogical Memoir of [Jan. 

occnrred. which has been handed down by tradition in [ 
the family. During the Ten Years' Indian War, and ^ 
/ . .,. probably al)onl the vcar 1G92, when the first depredations j 

'* ' ■ were committed in the town of BiUerica, the Indians '. 

. . meditated an attack on this garrison. For some days ( 

thev had been hirking in the neighborhood ot it withoiU ^ 
bein- discovered. Early in the forenoon of a summers 
day "the wife and daughter of Edward Farmer went mto 
the' field to gather peas or beans for dinner, being ; 
attended by several of her sons, who were young lads, 
' :', '. as a guard to protect Ihem. They had been out but a , 
short time before Mrs. Farmer discovered ihat a number 
of Indians were concealed behind the fences, and so 
' ' . . near that she could almost reach them. Had she given 
■ any alarm, they would probably have rushed from their 
b.rkiug-places, seized the party and lied; although their 
o obiect ^vas to get possession of the garrison, which 
. . oiiered more plunder and a greater number of captives. 
- ,1^ But with admirable presence of inind, and without 
• '" niakin^^ known the discovery she had made, to her sons, 
' , who might, with more temerity than prudence have 

I. V K attacked the Indians, she said, in a loud tone of voice, 

" Bovs ^uard us well to the garrison, and then you may 
come back and hunt Indian.-." The Indians, supposing 
;- they were not discovered, remained in their hiding- 

-"'"^" places, while the other party soon left the held for the 

garrison, which thev reached in safety. Then the alarm 
"was given, the people collected, and the Indians fled 
• '■■ . ■ ■ ,. with precipitation. After the return of peace, the Indians 

i . , ■ \ ,. declared, that had it not been for that " one white squaw, 

¥■■ ■ they should have elTected their purpose. 

(5^ IV. Isabella,- who came to New England . . . , ^^,^ 

G V Elizabeth,^ who m. a Mr. White, and visited New 

j ^ England ab. IGSl. . , , r • • 

! M^ VI TnoMAS,^ who came to New England, and was living ni 

^^ ■ BiUerica in 1075 and 16S1. lie afterwards returned to 

England, or removed elsewhere. 

(8) VII. Ann.''" ^ ,^^ .... 

(9) VIII. , who m. John Hall, of Warwickshire. 

JoiiN^ C2) of Ansley had, i ,• i 

.00) I JoHN,^ b. — -, who m. Sarah Daws of Tamworth, and lived 
(18) at Nuneaton, England. 

■Edward^ (4) had by his wife Mary, t> ,, i at 

m I SAJH,3whowas b. ab. 1G69. and m. Thomas Pollard, Nov.. 

19^ 1G92, who was son of William Pollard of Coventry Eng- 

': ^ ^ land, and had issue 10 sons and daughters Iliomas 

\ Pollard d. at BiUerica, Ms. AprU -I, 1721. She d. May 

i r P> H. John,' who was h. Aug. 19, 1G71. and m. Abigail -—. He 

t 31) resided in BiUerica. where he d. Sept. 9. 173G. a. G5. 

! She d at TcwUsbury. IMs., March 20, I75t, a. 7o. 

(13) HI. EowAUD.-^ who was b." March 22. 1G74, --] J'lns'd Mav 

(-12) of Thomas Pvichardson, who was b. Feb. 17, 1 G7o, cl. Ma> 






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1947.] '" the Farmer Funii/ij. ' '^/ 

lo, ly-lG, a. 73. He lived in Eillerica, where he d. Dec. 
17, 1762, a. 78. 

(14) IV. Mahy,' who was b. Nov. 3, 1G75, and m. Dean, and 

had a number of children. 

(15) V. Barhary," who was b. at Woburn, .Ian. 2G, 1077, and d. at 

Billcrica, Feb. 1, 1 (SSI, a. 4 years. 
(IC) VI. Elizaijetk,^ who was b. May 17, 1080, and m. WilHam 
(45) Green of .Alaklen, .Ah^y 29. 1707. She d. Dec. 20, 1701, 

a. 62. He d. May 19, 1701, a. &7, both at Reading'. .Ms. 

(17) VII. Tiio.MAS," wlio was'b. June 8, 1083, and rn. Sarah Hunt. 
(50) They both d. at Ilollis, N. II , about 1707, a. al). 84 

years each, and were both buried in the same grave. 

(18) VIII. Oliver,^ who was b. Feb. 2, lOSG, and m. Abigail, dau. of 
(59) Ebenczer Johnson of Woburn, where she was b., June 

13, 1097. Her father was son of Hon. AVilliam Johnson, 
for many years Ilopresentative to the General Court from 
Woburn; elected in 1081, an Assistant under the old col- 
ony charter of Massachusetts, and who d. May 22, 1704. 
William was son of Capt. l']n\VARn Jounson, the author of 
the well known History of New England, printed at Lon- 
don, 1051, in small quarto, commonly called " \\''oiider- 
workiug Providence." He came in 1030, from Heme Hill, 
a parish in Kent, in England, and settled at Woburn, Ms., 
which he represented in the General Court twenty-eight. 
i, years in succession, from 1043 to 1071, except in the year 

1048, and was once Speaker of the House of Representa- 
tives. He d. April 23, 1 072, leaving 5 sons and 2 daughters. 
,4 ■'. i; ^ Oliver Farmer, from whom we have digressed, 

H ' ■ resided on the paternal farm in Billcrica, where he d., 
Feb. 23, 1701, a. 75. His widow m. 2ndly, Capt. James 
Lane, of Bedford, Ms., and d. there, Feb. 25, 1773, a. 75. 
John," (10) who m. Sarah Daws, had 

(19) 1. Richard,-' who was bai)t. Sept. 15, 1098, and m. Hannah 
(09) Knibb of Brinklow, Jan. 4, 1733. * - • .; 
Sarah,' (11) who m. Thomas Pollard, had, c ,. 

(20) I. Mary, (29) X. Sarah 2nd, u.a\ . ■> '- 

(21) II. Edward. (30) XI. Nathaniel, 

(22) HI. Barbary, (31) XII. James, 

(23) IV. Thomas, (32) XHL Walter, 

(24) V. William, (33) XIV. Elizabeth, ^.- r 

(25) VI. John, (34) XV. Benjamin, 

(26) VII. Sarah, (nearly all of whom married aad 

(27) VIH. Joseph, had families.) 

(28) IX. Oliver, 

John,' (12) who m. Abigail , liad, 

(35) I. Dorothy,* (39) V. Richard,* 

(30) 11. Barbary," (40) VI. Edward," • . 

(37) HI. John," (41) VII. Jacob," 

(38) IV. Daniel," (42) VHI. Willi a.m." •' • . 
Edward,* (13) who m. Mary Ricliardson, had, 

(43) I. Mary," ' - ■' ^ 

(44)11. Andrew," b. March 27, 1709. ..'^ 

(46)111. Elizabeth." ■ '^ ^v'- ■•; p... 



*' .. 






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V Y 



.) ^V /';■•(■■.-: , / !■'■■] 

.. . .•.'■|,r)U ' 1 ■ ■ 1 



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'■\ S'i .■ i / ,,■( ,,. 



23 



Caicaio'jical JLinutr of [Jan. 



Elizabi:ii.,^ (10) ^^■ho m. WilHaiii Grcu of MaMen had, ^^ 

(.10) I. Elizabeili/ H'.'; IV. \\ ilham 2ml. ^^, 

(-17) II. Vauucc' (.-^i)) V. ^alban. Ji 

(Ih) III. William/ :^M 

Thomas,^ (17) who m. Sarali Hunt, had ■ J 

(51)1. Thomas,^ (-50) M- Lmzabeth, 1 

52 II. JosErii/ (-37) VII Joshua/ -^VJ 

(03 III. Joseph 2na/ (ob) VIII. bAMUEL, , • r* 
(51) IV. Susanna/ {o'J) IX. Benjamin. 

(55) V. JosiAii/ I 

Oliveu.MIS) whom. AbigailJohnson, had, 

(GO) I. Abigail/L. Dec. '-, 1717, d. Jan. 11, 1719. 

Gl II. Ac.c.AiL 2nd,^ b. Jan. 11. 1719, m. Jonathan lachardson of 
(11-^) BlUerica, Feb. 11. 1710. He was b. Feb. 7, 1716 d. ■ 

^ ^^ March 11, 1791, a. 75. She d. Jan. 13, 1790, a. 71. They ; 

had G children. ^ ,, . r nu ■ 

CGo^ Til MauvM) An-. 20, 1721, m. Wilham Baldwm of Billenca, 

ll,) ' Sei.1.23, 17 11. Ilo uas b. Sept. 15, 1710 d. Dec. 21 

^ , 1702, a 52. She d. Sept. 2-5, 1-03, a. 72. i hey had 8 

children. , ^ r -n ^ 

(03) IV. Sauah,* b. Dec. 14. 1723, m. Edward Jewett of Rowley, 
no i) 1711. d. at Berlin. Ms., Dec. 8, 1S19, a. 9G. He was b 

^ , ^ An- 11, 1711, d. Dec. 20, 1790, a. 77. They had 10 

(61) V Bettv,m'!" May 31, 1720, m. Zebadiah llogers of Billerica, 
(131) ■ April 11, 1751. d. Sept. 17. Ib05, a 80. He was b. Feb. 

^ ^ 03 1721 a Jnne 25, 1S03, a. 82. Thev Imd 7 children. 

(05) VI. r.EnECCA.* (a twin) b. May 31. 172G. m. Samnel Bogers of 
141) Billerica. April IS, 1751. d. Ang. 30, 1509.^ He was 

brother of Zebadiah just named, and was b. I eb. 2. 172J, 
d April 21 17bH, a. GG. They had 7 children. 
(G6) VII. OlIver.* b. July 31, 172S. m. Bachel, dau. of John Shed of 
70 Peppercll, Ms, April 5, 1757. She was b J^n. 29. 

^ ^ 1733 d Sept. 23, 1701, a. 31. He m. 2dly, July 3. 17GG, 

, ■ ' Hannah, dau. of Jeremiah Abbot, b. Oct. 10. 173o. d. Sept. 
':' ' ... 13, 1819, a. S'l. Ho d. on ihc paternal larin, Feb. 21. 
■ '^ • •' 1811, a. 85. . . T,r r 

(67) Vni. Isabella.* b. March 2. 1731, m. Benjamm ^^arren of 
(MS) Chelmsford. Jan. 10, 1751, d. Dec. 20, 1793, a. Co. He 

^ d. at IloUis, N. 11, Aug. 20, 1600, a. 71. Ihey had 

(08) IX. Edwaud!'fsq., b. Feb. 2-1. 173-1. m ^^rah dan. of Samuel 
(S2) Brown, d. Aug. 1, 1601, a. 70. She was b. Feb. 20, 17o6, 

d. Aug. 19. 1811, a. 75. 

The following obituary noiicc of this gentleman 
appeared in the Boston Repertory of Aug. 10, 1604. 
" Died at Billerica, on the dlh inst., in the 71st year of 
his age, Edward Farmer, Esq., who many years reprc- 
sente°d that town in the General Court. He ever com- 
battcd the enemies to the Laws and Constitution of his 
Country, both foreign and domestic. He was a firm 
patriot in our Bvcvolutionary war, and commanded a party 
of militia at the capture of Burgoyne, and cheerful- 



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29 



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I 



]y obeyed the call of r.ovcrnnicnt, in the insuncclJon 
of 176G. On the Gih his body wtis carried to the incetiiif^- 
liouse, ])rcccdcd by a volunteer company comiilctely 
linitornied, and fallowed liy a long train of llie citizens 
of ]3illcrica and tlie towns adjacent. Appropriate liynins 
were sung, a suitable lesson was read from the scrip- 
tures, and after a well adapted prayer by the Kev. Dr. 
Cumings, liis remains, as attended above, were escorted 
to the mansions of the dead, and dejiositcd witli Ids 
fatlicrs, with military honors, lie left a numerous family 
to bemoan his loss." 
(C9) X. John,-' Lieut., b. Dec. 7. 1737, m. 1st, June 5, Hni, Hannah 
(67) Davis, b. Sept. 7, 1711; 2ndly, widow Sarah Adams, 

originally llussell, b. Jan. l'^, 173 1. His first wife d. Feb. 
12, l7S7,a. -lo. Ho d. at Billcrica, Jan. 0, T-OG, in his 
70th year. 
RiCHAUD,* (19) who m. Hannah Knibb, had, 

(70) I. lliciiARD,^ Master of I'hiunaiuiel College, Cambridge, b. May 

■1, 1735, d. Sept. S, 171*7, a. G2. 

(71) n. JoiiN,^ in holy orders. 

(72) HI. Tiio.MAS,^ b. i\Iay 10, 1711, d. at Leicester, England, 1521, 

a. 80. 

(73) IV. Joseph,^ of Leicester, a Lieut. Colonel. 

(71) V. ILVN.N'AH,^ 

(75) VI. Sarah,' 

(7G) VII. Mary,' who m. Rev. and Hon. Pachard Byron, at one time 
heir apparent to the baronial lionors of the Byron family 
Oliver,* (GG) who m. 1st, Piachel Shed, had, 

(77) I. FiACiiEL,^ b. A[iril 29, HoS, m. Nicholas French, Sept. 23, 
(95) 1779. He d. at IMerrimack, July 21, 1S23, a. 73 

(78) H. Oliver,^ b. June 12, 17G0, m. Hannah Sprague, Nov. 30, 
(101) 176G She was b. March M, 17G-1. 

(79) HI. Jou.v,'' b. Dec. 1, 17C2, m. Lydia, dau. of Josiah Fuchardson* of 
(107) Chelmsford, Jan. 21, i7S8. She was b. Dec. 7, 17C3. 

He was a deacon, and resided in Clielmsfurd, (where 
all of his children were born) until Sc[)t, 1S03, wlicn he 
removed to Lyndeborough, N. II , where he remained 
until Nov. 18, 150G, at which time he removed to Merri- 
mack, and died there, Nov. 17, ISll, a. 52. By his 2nd 
wife, Hannah Abbott, he had, 
(SO) IV. Ha.n'xati,^ b. Sept. 17, 1707, m. ^Villiam Rogers of Billerica, 
(154) (her cousin) Dec. 10, 17S9. She was b. :May 25, 1759. 

(81) V. FvECEccA,' b. Nov. 29, 17GS, d. Jan. 8, 1792, a. 23. A poem 

on her death was written by Dr. Timothy Dan forth of 
Billerica. 

(82) VI. Jeke.muh,' b. April 10, 1771, m. Clarissa, dau. of Tin;othy 
(172) Fo.-tor, Oct. 13, 1810. She was b. April 10, 1755. 
Edward,* (GS) who m. Sarah Brown, liad, 

* Tlie geno;i!o(.'y of tlm Clu'lm^ronl rii.'!KiriU.>n-< li:is Ijcfii trai-oil lo C.\\A. .Tn^iah R., 
living ill llr.it 1)1iicl' in lii')'.', sujiposc'il to h;i\o lievii son of Saimifl ol" Wi)liiirii, who A. 
MarcliC'l, 10.'>--. .hxiii/i, rneiilioiK-il in thdi-xt, was li. .M:iv ^. 17!l,(l .\\>n\ \o, l-^(•l, a T'i. Jlis 
lalh.tr, Capi. Zacliarjah K., w.t> b Fc!. , li'''."', d. M.iivli ■.'-', 177''.,a. Ml. Josiali. liis lattii-r, was 
b. jMay 1^, l''"-'i, d. Out. 17, 1711. ri. V). The futlicr u\ the la^i Jo-'ah was Cn[)l. Joiiah, lirst 
mentioned in this note, who d. .Inly 22, Ih'Jo. 



.VW ly. 



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30 



Gcnealo^-ical Memoir of 



[Jan. 



(67) V. 
(ISl) 



(00) III. 

(91) IV. 

(92) V. 

(93) VI. 



(63) I. Edward,^ b. Dec. 1, 17G0, d. Aug. 23, 1502. He m. Rizpali , 

(17G) Baldwin, March 2,i, 17::1. She d. July 29, 1791. lie ra. 

2ndly, Ehzabelh Brown, of Concord. . 

(8-1) II. Saraii,^ b. March G, 17G3, d. Jan. 28, 17GG. 

(85) III. JcN-ATUAN,' b. May 28, 17G1, d. Oct. 11, 1798. 

(8G) IV. Sarah,* b. Oct. 3, 17G7, m. Reuben Baldwin, Nov. 13, 
1767. lie was drowned, May 13, lb07, leaving 6 chil- 
dren. 
Jesse,' b. Oct. 13, 1770, d. in Boston, Feb. G, 1815, a. 44. 
lie rn. Margaret Tranksford, July 20, It 03. She was b. 
Aug. 2G, 1761. 

Joii.v,* (G9) who ni. 1st, Hannah Davis, had, 

(68)1. IlANXAn,Mj. Sept. 2G, 17G1. 

(69) II. Bekecca,* b. Dec. 2, 1700, d. May 29, 1763. 
Abigail,' b. Dec. 22, 17G8. 
Polly,'"' b. Jan. 11, 1775. 
John,' b. Dec. 4, 177G, d. Sept. 1, 1776. 
Lucy,' b. Oct. 1, 1760. 

By his 2nd wife, (Mrs. Adams,) he liad, 

(91) VII. John,' b. Dec. 11. 1791, m. Susan, dau. of Deacon Moses 
Gerrish, and resided [in lb2-l] in Boscawen, and was 
Lieut. Colonel of the 21st regiment of N. II. militia. 

(95) IIan.nah,^ b. Dec. 15, 1791. m., and lived iu Boscaweu, in 1624. 

liACiiEL,' (77) who m. >,'icholas French, had, 

(9G) I. Oliver Farmer,*^ b. Jan. 1, 1760, d. July 25, 1503, a. 23. 

(97) II. John.Mx May 27, 1763. 

(98)111. Nicholas,«b. Sept. 7, 1785. 

(99) IV. llache!,« b. Sept. 10, 1768, d. July 11, 1792. 

(100) V. IIaunah,'^b. Aug. -1, 1791. 

(lOl)VL Ilachcl 2nd,« b. June 25, 1795. 

Oliver,' (7b) who. in. Hannah Sprague, had, 

(102) I. OLivER,«b. May 12, 1763. 

(103) II. AsA,«b. Dec. 13, 1793. 
(101) III. Hannah,"^ b. May 17, 1795. 
(105) IV. Zadock,M). Oct. 28, 1796. 
(lOG) V. BECEccA.^b. March 30, 1796. 
(107) VI. KAcnEL.'^b. Sept. 13, 1601. 
Jon.\,' (79) who m. Lydia llichardson, had, 



(106) I. 



(109) 11. 
(186) 

(110) III, 
(171) 



(111) IV. 

(112) V. 



where he 
[This was 



JoHN,'^ b. June 12, 1769, d. at Concord, N. II. 

had long resided, Aug. 13, 1636, a. 49. 

the eminent Genealogist and Antitjuary, the original 

author of this Genealogical Memoir of the family, to 

whom all New England is so deeply indebted for his 

labors.] 
MiLES,*= b. Jan. 16, 1791, m. Sophia II., dau. of Major 

Turner Crookcr, July 4, 161G. She was of Amherst, 

X II. 
CiiARLOTTE,Hi. July 20, 1792, m. Capt. James Kiddle of 

Merrimack, Aug. 3, 1815. She d. Aug. G, 1625, a. 33. 

while on a vii^it at Quincy for her health, and was 

interred at Bedford, N. II. 
INTary,'' b. Aug. 31, 1794. 
Jedidiaii,'' b. April 5, 1602. 



AniGAiL,^ (Gl) who m. Jonathan Richardson, had, 



d. 






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the Farmer FarniUi- 



31 



(113) I. 

(IM) II. 

(11-^) IIL 

(110) IV. 

(117) V. 

(118) VI. 



(120) II. 

(121) III. 

(122) IV. 

(123) V. 
(12-1) VI. 



(12S) II. 

(129) III. 

(130) JV. 

(131) V. 
ri32) VI. 



Abigail,* b. April 11, 1711. 

Jonathan,' b. June 3, 1713. (1. July 2, 1743. 

Jontitlian.' b. Nov. 25, 1711. • ' 

Tliomns.^b. Scjit. 3, 1717. 

Oliver,^ b. Feb. 15, 1750. 

JBenjamin.* b. xMarch 3, 1753, d. Feb. 23, 1773. 
iM.\RY,^ (G2) wlio in. M'llliam Baldwin, had, 
(119)1. Sarah,' b. July 5, 1712. 

John,* b. Jan. 13, 171 I. 

William,' b. April 12, 171S. 

Thomas,* b. Feb. 27. 1751, d. June 12, 170G. 

Micah,* b. Oct. 1, 1753. 

Mary,* b. April 15, 175G. 

(125) VH. Nahum,*b. May IG, 1750. ' 

(126) VIIT. Oliver,* b Feb. 12, 1702. 
Sarah,^ (03) who m. Edward Jewett, liad, 

(127) I. Edward,* b. Nov. 29, 1711, lived in Rindge, N. II. 
Sarah,* b. May 29, 17-11. ' 
Oliver,* b. March 21, 1717. 
John,* b. Nov. G, 1719, d. Feb., 1602. 
Jesse,* b. Nov. 17, 1752. 
Abigail,* b. Oct. 11, 1755. 

(133) VII. Isabel,* b. Sept. 29, 1758. 

(131) VIII. Josejih,* b. IMay 10, 17G1, m. Sarah "Woods, sister of Rev. 

(1G6) Pr. AVoods of Andover. He resided in Ashburnham, 

jMs. (See (101) onward.] 
Betty,^ (Gl) who in. Zebadiah Rogers, had, 
(135) I. Rcttv,*b. May 1, 1752. . ' 

(13G) II. Zebadiah,* b. March 18, 1751. 

John,* b. Oct. 15, 175G. 

Josiah,* b. April 28, 1759. 

Lucy,* b. April 21, 170 1. 

Sybil,* b. Nov. 4, 17G3, d. Nov. 15, 1770. 

(141) VII. Micajah,* b. Nov. 15, 1770. 
REnEccA,* (G5) who m. Samuel Rogers, ]iad, 

(142) I Rebecca,* b. Feb. 11, 1752. 
Samuel,* b. March 5, 1751, died in Virginia, in the service 

of the U. States, Oct. 18, 1781. 

Abigail,* b. July 31, 175G. 

William,*!). May 25, 1759. 

Thomas,* b. Aug. 12, 1702, d. May 1, 1801. a. 41. 

Rachel,* b. IMay 23, 17G5, m. Samuel Wiiiting, Esij , Jan. 
22, 1769, 
(148) VII. Ezra,*b. :\Iay 9, 17G3. ' 
Isabella,^ (G7) who m. Benjamin Warren, had, 

Isabella,* b. Oct. 15. 1751. " •. ■ 

Benjamin,* b. March 12, 1758. ' "^ 

Tahitha,* b. .Tan. 2, 1703. 

Abigail,* b. May 10, 1705. 

Sarah,* b. Sept! 26, 1707. 

Rebecca,* b. Feb. 1 1, 1773. 
Hannah,* (80) who m. William Rogers of BiUcrica, had, 
(155)1. William,M). Dec. 23, 1790. ' ' ' • ■ 

(150)11. Jeremiah.Mj. Oct. 20, 17'.t.j. 



(137) III. 

(138) IV. 

(139) V. 

(140) VI. 



\ (143) II. 

(141) III. 

(145) IV. 

(14G) V. 

(147) VI. 
(193) 



(149) I. 

(150) II. 

(151) III. 

(152) IV. 

(153) V. 

(154) VI. 



,(. ' r't 



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(157) TIT. 

(15S) IV. 

(lo'J) V. 

(IGO) Vf. 

(101) VII 



''JO. 




Calvin," b. Aug. 30, 1791. 
Ilannal)," b. ]\Iuy 11, 179(i 
Charles,*^ I;, May 2->, 17'J-, d. INIay 2P, \l'Ji 
llebecca,'^ b. May IS, 1^00. 
Sakcy.M). April 1, ISo-J. 
(1G2) VIII. Harriet.^b. April 17, 180o 
(lO-'i) IX. Loiiisa;= b. Aug. 23, leOti. 
(ICl) X. Elcira,M). An-, o, 1^10. 
Sau.vii,-' (03) — [III giving lur children at (1'2G) the fullowiug children 

were accideiUally oniitlcd.j 
(IGo) IX. Rachel,^ b. Jan. b, 17C,.-,, d. Feb., 17GG. 
(IGG) X. Josiah,^ b. April, 17G7, d. Sept., 177J. 
Joseph Jcwctt,^ (131) son of Sarah (G3) by Edward Jcwelt, had, 
fli'7) I. Ivers,*"'©!] Ashburnham, now [1^23J i\Iajor General o^ the 
Glh division of the INTassacluisetls militia. 
Joseph,'^ of Baltimore, IMd. 
^Milton,*^ who died in IS 17. 
Tolly G.,'^ wife of llov. Otis C. AVIiiton. 
Merrick A.,'' grad. Dart. Coll. in Ib23. 
Sarah Farmer,'^ m. Aaron llobart of Boston 
Ji: REM I An,' (S2) who m. Clarissa Fo.stcr, had, 
(173) I. SARAn Clarissa," b. Feb. 27, 1SI8. 

(171) II. Ti.MOTnv FosTTR,*' b. Aug. 10, 1S21. 
Charlotte," (110) who m. Ca[.t. .lances liitldle, had, 
(17o) I. Charlotte IMargarct,' b. Fell. 20, 1-17. ' ' ' , 

Mary Ann Lincoln,' 1). I ^^23. 

(83) who m. 1st, Ivi/pah Baldwin, liad, 
Jon.N,'' b. July 27, 178r,, d. March G, 1S03, a. 22 
and promising young man. 

By his 2nd wife, Elizabeth Brown, he had, 
Em7aei:th,'' I). June 20, 170- 
EnwARD," b. Sept. 2G, 179-J. 
lli/.TAH,'' twin witli Edward. 
Jacoh B.,*"' b. Oct. 30, 1601 



(IGS) II. 

(1G9) III. 

(170) IV. 

(171) V. 

(172) VI 



(17G) II 
EnwARn/ 
(177) I. 



a worthy 



(175) II. 

(170) 111 

(ISO) IV. 

(161) V. 



Jesse,* (S7) who m. :\Iargaret Franksford, had, ' • 

(152) I. .AIargaret, b. Nov. 11, 1601. . ' ' ' 

(153) II. Harriet," b. Feb. 17, ISOG ■ . '■ = ' .' 
(181) III. Henry," b. Aug. 17, 1607. 

(ISO) IV. Ji:sse,Mj. Xov.^O, 1S09. . : ■ • 

(18G) V. WjixiAM,«b. Aug. 11, 1611. 

(187) VI. George Wasuington,'' b. Sept. 2-3, 1612. ■■ 

(188) VII. Catuarixe S.Mrm,"b. Jan. 13, 1811. - '^ 
Miles," (109) who m. Sophia Crooker, had, 

(189) I. Charles Augustus/ b. Jidy 9, 1817, d. June 1, 1618. 

(190) II. Sarah,' b. at Salem, Sept. 22, ls20. 

(191) III. Mary Jane,' b. at Dover, Ms. Jan. 20, 1823. 

(192) IV. Caroline A''alentine,' b. at Dover, Feb. 1, 162-1 

(193) V. Charlotte RiDDLK.Mv at Boston. 

rtacliol,''* (147) wlio m. Samuel Whiting, Esq., had, ■ . 

(191) I. Harriet," b. Oct. 20, 1789 ^ 

(195) H. Ann,"b. Oct. 20, 17—. 

(19G) HI. Catherine," twin with Ann. ' ' 

(197) IV. Augustus," b. .^larch 2, 17!).3, grad. II. C. ISIG, 

(198) V. Mary Ann," b. May 2-5, 1800. 



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1817.1 the Farmer Family. .33 



;•:,..., x.,...u .. APPENDIX. . 

Extracts of Letters from Rev. Thomas Farmer, Rector of Asptcy- Guise, 
ill Bcdfortlshirc, Englaiid, to John Farmer (f Cunconl, N. IL Dated 
July, 1822. 

Dear Sir, — Having lately been to visit my relations at Leicester, 
my native ])lace, I saw for llie first time a letter from yon, desiring an 
account of your Genealogy; ami, being satisfied of our consanguinity, 
you will allow mo to hope that you may cross the Atlantic, and visit 
tliis village, of which I am the llector, and which is situated but little 
more than -10 miles from Loudon, and near the Did;e of Bcilford's 
f magnificent Park and Palace. 

p I am possessed of the pajiers which fornn'rly belonged to my uncle, 
\\ Dr. llichard Farmer, who certainly was a most ingenious and classical 
' scholar, and pcrhajis the best annotator on ICngland's immortal bard. 
You may know that he was Master of Emmanuel College in the 
University of Cambridge. There I was educated, and there I saw 
\ him die, after a very long protracted illness, on the 6lh of September, 
[ 1797. The loose pa[iers, froni which 1 shall send you extracts, are 
£ in Dr. Farmer's hand-writing. 

!^ I\Iy father, Thomas Farmer, is now at Leicester, and is tlio only 

I male issue of his generation, lie was born on the 10th of May, 171-1. 
I I was born on the 21st of August, 1771, and am the only issue left, 
I and I am in possession of land in the vicinity of Nuneaton, sharing it 
equally with 3Ir. Arnold of Ashley, no great distance from Daventry, 
in the County of Northampton. 

Of the jirescnt owner of Anccly, or Astly, I know nothing; but in 
I the old papers, I find John Farmer of Anccly, in the County of War- 
wick, passes a time, Sept. 1st, IGOI, and that a John Farmer, in 1GG3, 
[1G33?] contracts marriage with Isabel Parbage of Great Packington, 
in the County of \\''arwiek, and that Isabel, in after marriage articles, is 
stiled ''now of New England;" that .Tohn Farmer of Nuneaton married 
Sarah Daws of Tamworth, and settles the estate at Anccly upon her. 
Puchard F., son of John and Sarah, was ba|itizcd at Nuneaton, 
Sept. 15, in03, and married Hannah Knibb of Hrinklow, in the County of 
Warwick, Jan. 4, 1732-3. Their eldest son, Pichard, born May 1, 173-5, 
was the person whom you have rightly named of such extensive 
literary fame and acquirements. 

I shall seal this with the seal* which Dr. Farmer wore and used, 
and the Arms I read, " He bearcth Sable, Chevron between three 
Lamps Argent, with Fire Proper, by the name of Farmer." This 
coat was assigned to George Farmer, l''sq., IGG;], second sou of 
Bartholomew Farmer, Gent.t of Iladclilfe, near Atherstone, Warwick- 
shire. The patent was to alter the Chevron of the family, though it 
mentions not what anciently wore the Arms of the family." 

From (lie same to the same, dated Asphy- Caise, Dec. 1, 1823. 

Sir, — The family of Farmers from which we are descended, were 
living about the year of our Lord, loOO, at a village called llatclitTe- 

* The itnnrossion of this seal is deposited in the caljinet of the Ameriean AMtii]uarian 
Soeieiy, at u'orresier. 

t It.irthiiloiuew was the son oC .Tolni Fanner of T.eioi'sicr, and RTand«on of I'arlholomew 
o[ the saiiK; jilace, as aiipoars by the [Ilerald'sJ visilatiun of that county in lOVJ. 



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31 Memoirs of Graduates [Jan.' t 

Ciiiley, which is in Leiceslersliire, and adjoining the Counties of i 
Warwick ami Staflord. One of them was a Jnd^'c in the Court of "^ 
Common Pleas, and yon observe by the scrap enclosed, another of \ 
them, Chancellor of the Cathedral Charch of Salisbury, which scrap i 
is the hand-writiui? of the author on the learning of Shakspeare. Most \ 
of thein are buried in a vault belonging to the Rxmily. in the church of ' 
AVitherly, (near Ratcliffe) in the County of Leicester. My grand- 
father's name was Richard, who married a Miss Knibb, and their family 
consisted o^ Ridiard, \h. I\Iay -1, 1735, J the annotator on our immortal 
bard. Prebendary of Canterbury, then a Canon Ptesidenliary of St. 
Paul's, London, the Master of Emmanuel College in Cambridge, and 
principal Lihrarian of that University; JuJin, in holy Orders; Thomas, 
my father, [b. May 10, 1711,] who married the 3rd dan. of John 
Andrew, Esq., of Ilarlestone-Park in the County of Northampton; 
Josepli, Lieut. Col. of the Royal Leicester volunteers ; llannaJi, unmar- 
ried; Harah married Allen Brown, Esq., of Cosby, near Leicester, and 
afterwards Richard Jervis, a surgeon of I.^atterworth ; Mary married 
[in 17G8,] the Hon. Richard Byron, fb. Oct. 28, 1721,1 brother of the late 
Lord [ William j Byron." 



BIEMOIRS OP GRADUATES OF HARVARD COLLEGE. 

Commeiiciug with llie year 1070. 
^. . ' BY THE LATE JOHN FARMER, ESQ. 



Note. TIk- year ihcy were graduated is profi.\ed to the name of each person, in the several 

INIeniairs. 



NATHANIEL IlIGGINSON. 

1670. Nathaniel Higginson, son of Rev. John Iligginson, 
pastor of th_e first church in Salem, was born at Guilford, Ct., 
Oct. 11, 1652. After receiving his second degree in 1673, he 
tnade preparation to go to England, where an uncle of his had 
been settled as a clergyman, and where he liad a number of rela- 
tions, lie went thitlier the following year, and was soon intro- 
duced to Lord Wharton, with whom he remained about seven 
years, in the capacity of steward and tutor to his children. He was 
employed in the mint of the Tower in 1681, and went in 1683 in 
the East India Company's service to Fort St. George in the East 
Indies; was a member and secretary of the council, and afterwards 
governor of the factory at said fort. He married Elizabeth 
Richards, 169:2; returned to England with his wife and four chil- 
dren in 1700, and established iiimself as a merchant in London, 
and did considerable business with his New England friends. 

In 1706, we find his name, with 19 others, signed to a petition 
full of invective against Joseph Dudley, then CTOvernor of INIassa- 
chusetts, and praying for his removal, which was presented and 
read to Queen Anne in council. Gov. Dudley, in his answer to 
the charges contained in this petition, notices several of the peti- 



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1317.] of Harvard Co/U'g-e. , 35 

[ tioners, and thus speaks of Mr. 11. " Mr. Illgginson is a gentleman 
• of good value, born in New England, but lias been ab.<enl in the 
' East Indies six and twenty years, and so may be presumed to 
"^ know nothing of the eounlry. To be sure, his father, tliat has been 
a minister in the .country near sixty years, yet living, and his 
brother, a member of her Majesty's Council, must know more, his 
'; brother having been always assisting the Governor, and consenting 
■ in Col. Dudley's justifica'tion at this time with the Council, where 
; no man has dissented from the vote sent herewith." The alh-ga- 
tions against Gov. Dudley in this petition, were voted by the Gen- 
eral Court, or Council and House, to be a "wicked and scandalous 
accusation ;" but some persons of note, considering the high cliarac- 
ter of Mr. Iligginson and his good interest at court, "signified by 
their letters, that they thought the two Houses impolitic in the 
severity of their expressions, whieh, from being their friend, might, 
at least, cause him to become cool and indill'ercnt." We know not 
the ellect of the language of tiie General Court on the mind of Mr. 
Higginson, but we cannot suppose it alienated his affections from 
his native country. He lived but two years after, to serve the* 
interests of his friends in New England. He died in London of 
the small pox, in November, 170S, aged 56 years. He h;id been for 
several years a member of the Corporation for Propagating the 
Gospel among the Indians of New England. Judge Sewall says, 
he had been acquainted with him for forty years, and seems to 
have had a high opinion of his ch;iracter and public services. Fc/t, 
Annals of Sa/em, 3-30. Iliilrhiiisoii, Hist. Mass. ii. 1-10, 147. Gov. 
Dudlci/s MS. Answer to Mr. IVs pclition (the original, which 
escaped, in part, the fury of the mob, when they deslru wd Gov. 
Hutchinson's house.) ^^^ItKlf^^^ 

AMMI RUIIAMAII CORLET. 

1670. Am.mi Ruiiamah Corlct was son of the celebrated 
.schoolmaster, Elijah Corlet, of whom an early poet sang, 

" 'T is Corlet's pains, and Cheover's, we must own, 
Tiiat llioii, New IJnglaml, art not Scylhia grown." 

The father was educated at Lincoln College in the University of 
Oxford, and the son had all the advantages of early preparation, 
which could be derived from so distinguished a scholar. Haying 
been graduated, he ai)pears to have followed the business of his 
father, and in 167:2 wc find him at Plyiuouth, as the !\Iaster of the 
principal school in that i)lacc. After taking his second degree, or 
about that time, he was a Fellow of the College, in which ollice, it 
is presumed, he continued till his death, which occurred Eeb. 1, 
1679. 

THOMAS CLARIv. 

1670. Thomas Claiik, son of Jonas Clarke, of Cambridge, a 
surveyor of some note, was born, March "2, lOoo. Kev. Mr. Allen, 



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36 Memoirs of CIradaales [Jan. 

in his History of Clielmsford, says in relation to Mr. Clark, "We 
have neither church records, luaniiscript sermons, cotoniporary 
jiotices, nor any other materials, from which a bare memento can be 
erected, excepting the following sentence in the 9th volume of the 
Hist. Coll. of Mass., page 190. ' Dorchester, 17y 4, Dec. 10. The 
death of Rev. Thomas Clark of Chelmsford was lamented in a ser-. 
mon from Acts xx : ::?'3, »S:c.' A great loss to all our towns, and 
especially to our frontier towns on that side of the country, who 
are greatly weakened with the loss of such a man." Besides the 
above extract from Mr. Allen, we iind a fact in Dr. Cotton .Mather's 
"Wonders of the Invisible AVorld," which is creditable to the char- 
acter of Mr. Clark. In the time of the witchcraft delusicm, " there 
was at Chelmsford an alllicted person, that in her fits cried out 
against a woman, a neighbor, which Mr. Clark', the minister of the 
gospel there, could not believe to l)e guilty of such a crime, [witch- 
craft.] And it happened while that woman milked her cow, the 
cow struck her witli one horn upon the forehead and fetched blood. 
And while she was bleeding, a spectre of her likeness ai)jK'ared to 
the parly alllicted, who pointing at the spectre, one struck at the 
place, and the alllicted saitl. You have made her forehead bleed! 
Hereupon some went to the woman and found her forehcatl bloody, 
and ac([uainted ^Ir. Clark with it, who forthwith went to the woman 
and asked her. How her forehead heeamc blood//? and she answered, 
Bij a blow ff the eoiv'S horji, as abovesaid ; whereby he was satis- 
fied that it was a design of Satan to render an innocent person sus- 
pected." The conduct of Mr. Clark in this decision, made at the 
time when the spectral evidence was so generally received, probably 
prevented the infatuation from extending to Chelmsford. llai)py 
would it have been had all ministers and mngistrates exercised a 
like discrimination in rejecting all evidence against persons whose 
characters had been ])reviously good. By the magistrates at Salem, 
the coincidence of the imaginary wound inflicted on the spectre, 
and the real wound from llie cow's horn on the woman, would 
have been suflleient for the condemnation of the latter. 

Mr. Clark was the minister of Chelmsford twenty-seven years, 
having been ordained, in 1077, as the successor of Rev. John Fiske. 
His labors were suddenly terminated, being seized, aceord'ng to 
Judge Sewall's Diary, with a fever, on Friday the "2nd, which caused 
his death on the fohowing Wednesday, December 7, 1704, in the 
52nd year of his age. 

Mr. Clark was twice married. The name of his first wife was 
iMary, who died Dec. 2, 1700. His second was Elizabeth, daughter 
of Rev. Samuel Whiting, whom he married, Oct. 2, 1702. His 
children, who lived to mature years, all by his first wife, were Lucy, 
who married iMajor John Tyng, father of Judge John Tvng, Sept. 
19, 1700. She died April 2-'),l708; Elizabeth, who married John 
Hancock of West Cambridge ; Jonas, born Dec. 2, lOS 1, who resided 
on tlie farm, known by the name of the Cragic farm. There he 
k'cpt a j)ublic house and ferry which have ever since borne his name. 



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1947.1 of Harvard CjI/c^c. 

Ills house Nvas the general resort for all fashionable people. He xvas 
honored with many civil and military ollices ; was a very popular 
man, and estee.ned as a good Christian. lie ^l'^-J;V'l ^ "^' • 
uged SG. Thomas, the youngest son, was born Sept. ^^, lbJ-1. 

GEORGE BUiniOUGII. 

1670 Georob BuRRouon, or as the name is usually ?pelt, 
BURUOL-Gus, was, perhaps, a son of Jen-miah Burroughs, an 
inhabitant of Seituate, Ms., as early as 104/ ; but we have no 
certain information of his parentage or the t.me of his buih. 
He was admitted a member of the ehureh in lloxbury, April U, 
1G74, and his son George was baptized in the ehureh there, .\ov. 
28 1675. lie became a preacher within a few years alter he lelt 
CoUe-e, and, as early as 167-3 or 167(5, lie was the minister at Cas- 
co in"" Maine, and was there whrn that town sullered the loss ol :^o 
many lives by an attack of the Indians. The war which soon 
followed, drove Mr. Burroughs from Maine, and he returned to 
Massachusetts. In Novcinber, 16S(), h(> was c-mployed to preach at 
Salem Village, now Salem. He continued there probably until 
IG'^S, when,ln Mav, Mr. Lawson was invited to preaeli to the 
people ^Ir. Burroughs returned to his ministry m Casco the same 
year V work entitled "European Settlements m America, in 
speakin- of Mr. Burroughs as a victim of the Salem A\ itchcralt,^ 
says "that he was a gentleman who had formerly been minister ot 
Salem; but upon some of the religious disputes which divided the 
country he diilbred from his (lock, and left them." xMather, in his 
" Woiiders of the Invisible World," countenances this idea, saying 
« he had removed from Salem Village in ill terms some years 
before" Mr. Willis, in his History of Portland, says, " ihe hrsl 
notice'of his return to Casco is in June, 1683, when at the request 
of the town, he relinquished 150 acres of land, which had been 
granted to him previous to the war. In their application to him 
For this purpose, they offered to give him 100 acres ' further otl lor 
the quantity relinquished, but Burroughs replied, 'as for the land 
already taken away, wc were welcome to it, and, if 20 acres ol the 
50 above expressed would pleasure us, he freely gave it to us, not 
desiring any land anywhere else, nor any thing else in considera- 
tion thereof.' " rur T> ;, • „„ 
His disinterestedness places the character of Mr. Burroughs in an 
amiable li-dit, which nothing can be found, during the whole 
course of liis ministry at Casco, to impair. The large quantity of 
land which he relinquished was situated upon the ^eck, wliich was 
then daily becoming more vaUrable, by the location ol the town 
upon it. ' All this, excepting thirty acres, he freely returned, without 
accepting the consideration offered by the town. 

The unhappy catastrophe which terminated the life aud uselul- 
ness of Mr. Burroughs, has cast a shade upon many facts relating to 
him which would be interesting to us to know. Wo have no means 






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33 Memoirs of Ciraduatcs [Jan, .? 

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of ascertaining whether he was regnlarly settled and had gathered ': 
a church at Cascoor not. There is, however, sullicient authority for . 
asserting, that he preached to the people there a longer period than ''| 
any Congregational minister j)rior to Jlev. Thonias Smith. 

'* There has nothing," says Mr. Willis, "survived Mr. burroughs, 
either in his living or dying, that casts any reproach upon his char- 
acter; and, although he died a victim of a fanaticism, as wicked and '; 
stupid as any which has been countenanced in civilized society, 
and which for a time prejudiced his memory, yet his character 
stands redeemed in a more euhghtened age from any blemish. 

Air. liurronghs was driven froui Casco by the Indians in 1G90, 
and went to AVells, where he resided when he was accused of the 
crime of witchcraft, 'i'lie indictment against him is given in the 
second volume of Hulclunson. lie was examined on May 8, 
1(59:2, and committed to prison in Boston until his trial, which took 
jilace in August following. He was chndemned on testimony, 
which nothing but the most highly wrought infatuation could for a 
moment have endured. His great strength and activity, for which 
he had been remarkable from his youth, were enlisted against him, 
as having been derived froiu the Prince of evil. It was in evidence, 
that he had lifted a barrel of molasses by putting his finger in the 
bunghole, and carried it round him; that he held a gun more th n 
seven feet long at arm's length with one hand, and performed other 
surprising feats above the power of hutuanity. Some evidence 
was also exhibited against his moral character, in relation to his treat- 
ment of his wives and children, but we can attach but very little 
credit to it considering the great perversion of truth at lliat time. 

He was executed August 19, 1G92, on Gallows hill, in Salem. 
At his execution, he made a most solemn, pertinent, and ailecting 
prayer, which drew the remark from Cotton Mather, who was 
present, as I was informed by the late Dr. Bentley, "that no man 
could have made such a ])rayer unless the devil helped him." He 
concluded his dying petition with the Lord's prayer, probably to 
convince some of the spectators of his innocence; for it was the 
received opinion, that a true witch or wizard could not say the 
Lord's prayer without blundering. 

The age of Mr. Burroughs is represented by Dr. Bentley, in his 
Hist, of Salem, published in 1 Coll. xMass. Hist. Soc. vi., to have 
been about fourscore years; but that writer undoubtedly transferred 
the age of Giles Cory, who wanted only three years of being 
fourscore, to Mr. Burroughs. It can by no means be admitted, that 
Mr. B. was nearly 60 years old when he graduated, which must 
have been the case if he was 80 years old at the time he was 
executed. 

Mr. Burroughs had been three times married. The names of 
liis first and second wives are not known. His last was daughter 
of Thomas ^uck, and she survived him. His children were 
George, baptized lG7o, who lived in Ipswich; Jeremiah, who was 
insane; Rebecca, who married a Tolman of Boston ; Hannah, who 



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married a Fox, and lived near Barton's Point in Boston; Eli/abelh, 
who married Peter Thomas of Boston, the atieerstor ol' the late 
Isaiah Thomas, LL. D., of Woreesler. George and Thomas 
Burroughs of Newburyport, the former a tanner, conveyed to N. 
Winslow, in 1774, lhe\ighl of Ceorgc Burroughs in proprietary 
land in Falmouth. These were probably descendants of the 
minister. — ILitchinsou, JlisL Muss. ii. 57-59. Fe/f, Annals of 
Salem. NeaPs Hist. K K. ii. 130-13-1, \\\. Willis, Hist. Port- 
land in Coll. Maine Jlist. i<oc. i. 141, J 74-176. Upliam, Ledtircs 
on Witchcraft. Allen, Biog. Did. art. Ihirrovghs. 

ISAAC FOSTER. 

I 10)11. Isaac Foster, according to the late William AVinlhrop, 

Esq., was from Charlestown, and might have been brother of John 
Foster, who was graduated in 1CG7; but this is uncertain, as the 
latter was from Borchester. [We find him to have been admitted 
freeman in 1<")79, about which time, he probably went to Connecti- 
cut.] Mr. Winthrop may have considered him as belonging to 
Charlestown from the circumstance of his being called to preach 
there. When a cornmiltec of the town of Charlestown was about 
selectin'7 a successor to Rev. Thomas Shepard, in 167S, the opinions 
of ilev.^'john Sherman, llev. Increase Mather, and Rev. President 

i Oakes were reeiuesled as to the "fittest person" for their rninister, 
and these gentlemen recommended I\Ir. Foster as "the fittest and 
suitablest person" for that place. While remaining at Charles- 
town he was admitted freeman, in 1079. Soon after this, lie went 
to Connecticut and preached in Hartford, and, from his name being 
printed in italics, it has been inferred that he was settled there, but 
this does not clearly appear from Dr. Trumbull. 

-: •^ SAMUEL riiirrs. 

107 L. Samup.l Pnii'i's, son, it is presumed, of Solomon Phipps of 
Charlestown, who died in that town, July 'Jo, 1071, was l)orn about 
the year 1049. The most of his life was passed in civil offices, 
havin^^ been Register of Deeds for the county of Middlesex, Clerk of 
the Court of Common Pleas for the same county, and representative 
for the town of Charlestown, where he resided. To the last oiiice 
he was elected in 1092, being one of the first representatives under 
the charter of William and 'iMary. In 1700, lie was one of the 
Commissioners of claims for receiving and examining all titles and 
claims to land in the eastern province of Maine. Mr. Phipps 
died in Aui^ust, 1705, aged 70, and was buried in the tomb of his 
son-in-law iLemmon. His wife was Mary Danforth, daughter of 
Dcp. Gov. Thomas Danforth. She was born July 2S, 1050. [We 
find the name of Danforth associated with Phipps in the class of 
1781.] Thomas Phipps, who graduated in 1095, was his son. 

(To be ccmtinuod.) 



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>: O T E S . 

l^RKNTWoon. Tn Drc. \2, 171.>^, arronlin:: to Fanncr'rf Statistics of Xew 
H:uii[)--liiri; tiiinistcrSj AVc. ydthdniil 'I'luik was sclllcd in tlii.- place. 

'■Jan. IS. 1751), lliis cluirch [Ilatnpton chiircli] was t^ciit lor to in->tall the 

. Rev. .Mr. Trask at IJrt^utwoinl. 'J'hcy chose Deacons Tnck and Lane, wiio 

went. And the aii'air was completed witli love and peace, decencv and l;ooJ 

ortler. Mr. Odlia and Flai':: ])rayed. I preaclicd. Col. iv : 17. ^Ir. Whipple 

gave till' chaiire. Attest, \V. Cotton, Pastor.'' 

Over a chnrch newly orsranized, ]Mr. Trask was installed, as stated in the 
records ot" Rev. W. Cotton, Jan. 21, 17a6. 

I\Ir. Trask retained the pastoral olilce in l?rentwood, 11 yo^rs ; thouLih he 
ceased I'rofii his pnlpit labors, ahont two years before his death, which occurred 
Dec. 12, 17,M», at the aL'o of f)7. He inarried Parncl Tiling, June ir>, 1719 
Their children were JCli/al^eth, lioni .Inly ;i(t, 17^0, diud in Brentwood 
Parnel, born July '2, 17.'/.', dietl Sei)t. S, 17,'it'i. Xathaniel, born Sept. S, 17:j1, 
died Sept. 5, 17.0(5; Mary, born Sept. 14, ]1'>G. Parnd, born Au;,'. 27, 1759, 
(lied July 21, 17(]2. Samuel, born Sept. 10, I7i;2, settled and died in Prent- 
M'ood, where his son and daughter now live. Jonathan, born Doc. 12, 1761, 
settled in ]Mont Vernon, Me. 

From the decease of Mr. Traslc, the church was without a pastor eh-ven years 
and a half. Dnrin"; tliat period, Jiiorc tlina a liumlrcil i,hJiri:J'i,i}i were emplOved 
as candidates for .settlement, or as supplies. Jhyht or ten, successively, leceived 
and declined invitations to settle. 

At the ordination of the Ticv. Ebcnczcr Flint, the church liad become reduced 
to six male and thirteen female members. Mr. Flint tlied suddenly, Oct. 12, 
1811, aLTed 42, leaving a widow, who ilied at the age of 72 years. 

He studied theolo2:y with the Ri-v. I>r. Fmmons. He married Marj', daugh- 
ter of Deacon Kendall of Tewksbury, .Ms. Two of his cliihlren were Mary K., 
who married Fbenezer Orne. and Abiirail J., \\!u> married Jonatlian Piobinson, 
3rd. The youns^est son of Mr. Flint, K/ra M., married Pouisa P. Havnes of 
Charle-town, ]Ms., and now lives there. 'Phe eldest, Kbunez^.T, resides in 
Brentwood, unmarried. 

From the time of Mr. Flint's death, the church was destitute of a pastor more 
than four years. 

Rev. Chester Colton preached at Brentwood, July 21, l'^13. He proved to be 
the Parnabas tliev needed ; and the friends of reliirions oider, being eneourai'ed 
and strengtheneil, settled him. Key. Mr. Ibnvland of Ivxeler preached the 
ordination sermon, from 1 Cor. i : 21, and Pev. Dr. Pearson of Andover, M-., gave 
the charge. 

The people became ardently attached to ^Tr. Colton, and his labors were 
blessed. He was dismissed at his own urgent reque.'-t, on account of an inllam- 
mation of his eyes which forbade application to study. Mr. Colton's vision 
M'as, in a few years, so far restored, by rest and medical treatment, that he 
resumed the labors of a pastor, and was installed at Lyme, Cl., Feb. 12, 1S20. 
Pecenlly he has labored under the direction of the Connecticut Missionary So- 
ciety, in North Goshen. Ct. 

licv. Luke AiaftwurtJi Spofford was installed in Brentwood, and, after laborinjj 
about three years, and not iinding his hopes of usefulness realized, he rctiuesled 
and received a dismission. The number of church members reported, Jane, 
1828, was 53. Subsequently to his ministry at Brentwood, Mr. Spoiford was 
installed at Lancaster, X. H., 1S2'J : Atkinson, N. H., 1S32: Scituate, ^Ps., 1835 ; 
Chilmark, on Martha's Vineyard, Ms., is 12 ; from which place he removed to 
Newburg, N. Y., where his family re-^ides. l\p-. Spoilord, Ijefore he came to 
Brentwood, had been ordained at (lilmanton, X. H . \vhere he enjoyeil a suc- 
cessful ministry of six years; but, on account of the >tati' of his health, and t!ic 
extent of the lield, resigned June 9, 1^25. I'or more i)articular notices, see 
Rev. Mr. Lancaster's History of Ciilmanton, and Notes respecting the ministers 
in Cilmanton, in the first number of the New Hamp<hire Repository, Vol. L 

After Mr. Spoiford's resignation, thi! people in Brentwood enjoyed the labors 
of llcv. Joi.alhaii frurd about three and a half years. 



.,v\. •■■■-. • v.\: 



iv:. 7\A:.<y\l. 



,((,. 



^ 7' »; ':■■(<. ';>i -1 '. 



42 



Cuii'-TC'-atluiud CnnrcJics end 



[Jan. 



Mr. \\';irJ .studitnl thcoldu^y \vii!i I!fv. Dr. Ijniiuins, anJ m-r'; onliiinril in 
i\i'\v Millortl, iKiu- Alua, Ml'., in IT'."., ;iimI nv-iu'iiud in 1S18. Allliouyli Mr, 
Ward ha.s never been iii-t;illi'il in New Ihunp-hire, )io lias, in inany respects, 
|)iMfurnieil the .services of a |):i--l(ir lo ^(une el liic chuiches in a very acceplalilo 
uutl uselnl manner. Mr. -W'ai.I lalmrcil lueUi' \ear.s. mast uf tin' time stati'iily, 
in PlynioLith, his native p'.aee. and thi.' [ilaee ol his lather".- inini.-.lry, Lr moro 
than thlilv-t\v(i years. 

Mr. W.ud's taiher, IJev. Nathan \\'ai.l, wa-, hoiii at Xewton. ^Ts., Apiil 11, 
1 7'J 1 , (lied ,lu!n' la, 1 "-n I, ai'i'ii ^:!. lie niiinii'd 'raiiia-in liehuid. \\ iio was 
born Jan. 1, 17J-J. (). S . and ilied An-. H:, I'/TT. itev. Nathan Ward, who 
was hiipi-tV.llv eniiviMted Linder the preaehiirj' I'l Mr. Whllelieid; had not a cul- 
leiiiate edmalinii, bnt reeeis'ed an hiini/iai\ dc.Mi'C ei AI. A. Ir(;m DaitiiuMith 
College. His children, be-^idi' .Iniialhan tie" yiinimi--f. were Nathaii; born .Ian. 
!•, 17-iS, L). S., ilied Nov. :■!, l77n: J-".nueh', iiorn .Inly -i, ITIM. 'died Jidy 
31, l.s-Ja: Abraham, born Im'Ik !I, iTTil, died Dec. o, I77il; Mary, born 
Sept. IS, 17.7-J, dh'd Dec. *'. 177»i; Abi-ail, b<irn .Alaich .31,' 17.'.7, N. S., 
died Si'pt. 1("), 1N41 ; Samuel, born Ahl.'-. -Mi, 17.7ii_, died Nov. s. ]77(J; 
I-aar, bom iNlurch Ki, 17.'iN, died l'"eb. .'7. IMo; llei'ijandn, bo. a Sept. 21, 

17(il, died • ; Dani(d, bom .Ian. lie, l7o|; K-lhe'r, born' Au". 17. 17i)7, 

died I)ee. S, 177(j. 'The .-.ubnii-sion of the parent-* ^vas painlulK- t.'-led. by 
the death of live nl' their children, with a p-nlnd fever, wilhi:! live week.-^. 
Enoch, brother of Kev. N. ^Val»l, eiitend the uunistry, but died yeum:. lie 
trradnated at Harvard Univer>ity, 17;it;. 'J'he irranilfather of liev. J. \VarJ 
was .Joseph, whosi." fathor was .loiin, who settled in Newton, ?*l-., and one ol a 
larire hmulv, brouLdit bv their father, WiIIkiiu \Vard, from Kie_dand. a.bout Kilt'i, 
who selded in Sndbnrv, AN. Kev. Jonadian Waul mariied I'liilenia CJay 
^Vllilal•;e^ of Attlelioroii'jli. i\I-., \\ho was h,im April (i, 177o, and died, Apiil 
'2.">, IS-J,"). 'i'hcir childr.ai weir .hmalhan, bom .Nov. ;tu, 1 soO, -la.lnated at D. C, 
IsQjj sindh'd ;it tlu! 'rheoloeic;il Seminary, Andover, tiid, lined at Ibddehnil, 
Me.. Ccl. -JO, l.sJa, died lu'b. ^, l.'v.'il. a'_;v,i 'jri ; .lames Wibon, Imm Alay 21, 
ISoli, 1,'radnated at D. C, isJii. .-tmlied at the Theolouieal Seminary, Andover, 
and at New Haven, ordained at Abinulon, .M-;., Alay :n, 1S34 ; Philenia, born 
Oct. 1(), ISOl, inarrietl Frederick Kobinsoii of Ibi'iitwood ; Laura Hli/.abelh, 
born May ~, ISOT, married Ducius Al. I'eidy of Sharon, Ct. 

lU'V. Friinri^ //V/c/i was the fouith seliled miidster in Ibentwood. He has 
labored since he left that ])laee in Ipswich, Lmebrouk I'ari-sh, Ai~. : and in 
Perry, \Vashini,Uoii County, Me. 

lici\ John (junnisuii, wdio had been previously ordained at Lyman. Ale., May 
12, 18:!1, installed over the Uiuon Society of Sab-bury and Ame.-bury, AIs., 
Dee. 31, 183.7, and at Newmarket, Lamprey Liver, Feb. 22, lbo7, was 
installeil at ISreiitwood. He wa-. alter le;i\in.,' r.rentwo:!!!, in-tailed at ^Ve^t 
Falmouth, Ale., in .Ian., 1^12. He now n-ides at Portli'.nd. bat a.t pre.-eiit 
sup|di(!s the pidpit of the lii-t climch in W'e.^tbrook. He .str.dii d I'aeolo^^'y 
with till.' Kev. (diaries .leiikiii- of P..ill.iiid, .\Ie,. and eniere.l the iiiini-lr\- late 
ill Id'e. He married i'or his lii-t wih', .luaima IiuW of (Jilmautun, a...d for his 
.second, a woman bv the name of Staiooaid. 

Urn .J, till.':; Ih.utiiill, wlio Was boiii Mav 1 b lol-I, L'l ad'.iated at the 'I'lieolo^'i- 
eal Seminars', Aiulove;-. in l.sl.i. He wa-an In-tincior at ihmki.k, N. V., one 
year. Air. Uoulwell has seven bmlheis aiid one sister older, and two sister.s 
younger, than himself. His [laterind ;.'raiulhiliier was of \Vilmii;glon, AIs. His 
inaternal grandfatlier was Dr. lienjamin Jones, of Lyndeborough, a physician of 
some cidebrity, whose native j'lace was Ipswich, AIs. Air. Poiit'.veirs broth- 
er, William Thur.ston Loutwidl, was se\eial years a missionary amoiiLr the 
Ojibwa Iiullans, in Wiskoii-in. ?.lr. llmitwell married 31ary P., daughter of 
Dea. l^ascal Aibbot of Andover, AIs., April lo, is:!7. Their children are ALiry 
Lucelia, born at Dunkirk, N. \'., Aluidi s, l'-::8 ; James Pascal, bora at Aiulo- 
ver, Feb. 0, 1840, died Oct. 31, l^l I ; (!eoi -e Clark, born at Lrenlwood, Feb. 
s .1S42 ; Charles Hawley, born at L'lentwood, (V't. 2;i, 1^43; ILumaii Elizal'cth, 
born ?ilarch 11, 18 Ilk 

LU:rKriF:Lj) was a part of Nottiiciham, fioni wliich it was separated, and incor- 
pci.acd Jan. s, 17ij(j. The Con;^re,-;alional Society was lormed in J'ec, 17 72. 



ti 



••V'V'' .'i I- 



•i ,1,1 1,/. 77- .1 „)ro,i 

■■If. I'r '\ I vm ,-: 



,•: .'rV '.,.,,, .u^ 



lS-17.1 



JL'nis/crs in RocliiiiQ-luiii} (\)ini(ii. 



43 



Tier. Timothij Upltain was tho first mini~t<T. His f]r--t \vif(\ ulm v.ns the 
mother of ;ill his childicu, \vas Hannah, ilaiiiihtcr uI l.'cv. Xalhanid (luukiti of 
N()rthain[)toii. IIlt twin si-ii^r, l';ii/.al)oth. iiiarricil Dr. l-Mmuml ("liailwick 
of Di'orlicKl, fatlirr of P(.'ior Cliailu-ick. l-lxj'., of I'Ai'hv. 'I'iie rhildrcn of l!ev. 
Mr. Tpharii arc lldii. .\athanii*l rphaiii of liochcMcr : (J"n. 'J'iiiiotliy Tpliam 
of Pur!>ninnlh ; ami .Mi-s Hannah rnlinm, t!n; ci'h'l-ra'j'd ]'rinc'i]ial (.f tlie 
FlmikUo In^litule in CanamlaiLnia, \. V. AniuiiL' tin" -ramicliildri'ii ol Jiuv. 
Mr. Uphaiii, an: Jvrv. 'I'iiorn.as L'dL's-.Vfll I'phain, J). H., rHif''ss.)r in 15c.\\\l(iin 
CoIIc'l;'!', who wa-: prL-viuuslv pastor nf tho ('oajivLrailniial chnich in K .'-.'■■■-t.'r : 
Hon. Xathanic! (loukin i'pliain, a JaJi;!; of tlic Snpcrior Cuuit nl .\. H. : -'•••'.iV; 
widow of Hon. Jiavid liarkcr, Jr., and nnw wile u\ Klirnc/i-r Coo, V.^i\. : Ahr'-d. 
M. I)., of N.'w "^..rk : 'I'iinotlij-, .\I. D.. d.'rojM'd : Jn.oph Uad^.'r Uphuni. Mer- 
chant in Piiitsmoiith ; Jndilh Ahiiira. inanii'd i i .Imno Didl. E^ii. ; H.i'niaii 
Klizalu'tli, di'cra-<'d : Ivath CoLTswrl:. m.in ird to Ji.hn IJ.'i ly, .AT. H. ; l"...ni'is 
AViihain, a mcnilirr of tiio ISoston Bar: and AlbiTt Gookin. M. D., of Boston. 

The .\fw Kn'jiand LrcncaluLJs- ol the K'-v. Tinv)l!iy I'phani is traced t.' John 
Upham, hnrn in ]''n'_dand, in \yM. \\ iiu cniigrati'd to Woyniontli, Nrw r.o^iand, 
ill Ki:];"), :ui(l went thence to Maiden. He was hijhly e.-teeinfd for lii~ piety, 
iiitellii,n>nce, ainl oneriry of charact^T ; liUed variue.s r:\il ollirc^, and wa- .!.■;, con 
of the church many )"cavs. Jl'.' poif.jir.ied the dnlio< of moderator ot a town 
mectini^ a few lauiitlis before liis death; v.hidi Icjuk rlare Feb. .;. li''Sl. al tho 
nge of S4. 

Lieut. ]*hiiiehas Upham, .son of Jnhn T'phani, marrie.l Rutii Wood. He died 
in con*e(juericu of woumls receivei! in tlio captnre ol Narraganset 1-ort. i:i H'rTS. 
Phineha>, son of l/ieut. rhinehas. married .Mary :\iol!iiis. y/.;^■ son^ I'hinehad 
married Tam/en Hdl, wliose .son 'I'lmotiiy maiiied Marv Cherver. The-e last 
were tho parents of liev. 'J'imothy rjihani, wlnwe New I'n-latul unccsior-. tVom 
the lirst, wen* men u\ iiulnence in t'u.- clinrcii. and in liic community, and were 
clistini^-uislied foi inIrll;L'ence, lirmn-^-^ nl character, and a .-jiirit of eut.M[)rise. 
Tho lirst wile of \W\. 'I'miutliy rphain dlod An--. I. lT:i7, a-ed ! I. M '. Up- 
ham died in the (kShI yar ol ]',is r.L-f. and. ;;!.ih olhi- minisl.y. Tho serin ,n at 
his fimoral, from ]fi'b. .\iii : S, by'iu'V. I'enT Ifni. asciib,-^ to Mr. r.ilrain 
"manv 2ifts and e\ce!le:!t ^ualilica.tio:!-^ for a L-o-p.d miniM'-r."" Air. r,':i;nn's 
second wile, who was Aliss Heph/ibaii .N.'al jif Stratham, died Mac 11. 1-11. 
See Fmnili/'jL^tnni. Lii .Uhrrt d. f>'.-.;. .\. M.. M. i)., \<\r.. 

I'cr. yd'Ui.inul IC(7/s was iMcj.n'-.'d :i > ircii y -ir-, in riiercantile bu~ine ■- ] r~.,:o 
entitriuL' the miniMrv. He -imlied Im-olu-v wit!i iU-v. Ah..><'S Hcmmenway, 
D. ])., of Well-. >hv'. w!in-i' d.inuhlor 1 .■ mairi.'d in I TkT. Alter a diliLont_aud 
iLseful ministry of abnul ;!i) ye. us, he rcsi'.aied his pa-Liral charLie. 'J'wc ot his 
sons art' si'tlled in thi' ministry. Tu-Midore. ohho.nrl in ll.nrincrton. .Ii a- TJ, 
18-i:> : M.i^cs Hcmincnwav. onhrinod in I'ltl-lield, Nov. I'l. l^'l."-. JI-'V. 
Nathaniel Wells was ^on ol' Dea. .\allsaniel \\^■l!^. whose lat'.eT wa> u!-o Dea. 
Nallianiid AVelN. who rnnoved to ^\'e!l:^. Me., iroui Ip-wich. Ms , and win) wa^ 
a .son of Dea. Thonnis Wrils of Ipswicli, who died, in that place, Oct. 2i"'. l''i"(5. 

AVr. I^i'iifiiiiii X'hi-i) ]!il,!cn Ava^ I'u-cer.tor (if tlilmantuii Academy. Direo 
voar.s : LTaduatoii at (lilmanton Thoo!o::ical Seminary. ].>•: 10 ; was nunried, Aui^. 
I'S, IS to, to ]\l.u-v Kli/abeth ]\ir-nn<. dau-hter of' .Ki<ia!i l':>r«ons. V.<r... of 
Gilmanton, whesi- v. it.; was Jr.d-th l!:nh:vr. -real--.ianddam:!iler ol f'.ei'.. Jo- 
seph JiadL'er, Senior. Hi' v.-a.s son of Jlphraim Hidden, and nephew of llcv. 
Samu(d Hidden of Tamwor.li, N. ]!.. anil 'naiKU'in of Trice Jlidden of lie- !,'y, 
Ms. His lirst Xew l-lnuland ance.-lor emi^^raled lejin J-hr-:laud and settled in 

]!o\sdey. 

Ucci.sr;. J'kiv. 7.'m/'o7 T. '//<,- was ihe lir^I miiii-ler. Tn IT."-.'), Mr. Cutler, 
beiiiLi changed w illi immoral condnet, w:-, diioe-ed liv a. ("oimcil. II" was 
installed in CJr.-enwitdi, }]-<., Keb. i:-t, ITT, i, where lie died, Feb. 'J I, IT^il. a-ed 
probably ti.s. 

liec 'Josidh Stcnin^ clo-ed liis mini-try and life. July ?."'. IT^s. He 
descended from I<aao Steam*, who came fmrn Fuj'and. with ln)\-. \\ ia'lnop, 
in ](i:iO, and settled in \Valertown. The line of de-cent is 1. Isaac aiid S.irah 
Stearns. 'J. John Stearns, wlio married S.arah Alixer of Watertown He 
settled in r.illerica. :i. Jehn Ste.arn^. who manied i'.li/abetli . Ilev.'as 



<;i^ 



lit / .■ u') 



I * -i ',;■ 5 



'I". ;.;!•; :( 



44 



C\»n 



itio)ial Churches and 



[Jan.^ 



I 

the fii^lc-hiUl born in BiUciica, on rcroul. •). J(ilin Stearns, who marrieil Ksther r 
Juhnnon. Shu was a iirftt-iiriinilihiU!jlil<r oi the ci-li-bratt-tl Capt. Edward j 
Johnson, aiilhor of thp ili.<tory ot Nru" Knuland. cnlilleil '• Wonch-r-working ; 
Provhluncc of Sion'.s Saviour in Now Knulaml." In j^evoral publications, she 'i 
is inrorrcclly ineiitionrd as the ilun^hUr ui' \\n: historian. IIlt father was a 
soconil Capl. I'.ilwaiJ John-on, hur grantlfaliu'r was William Joluison, Esq. 
Joini anil Ivslhor Sit arns were tho parents of Uov. .loshih Stearns of Eppiiig. 
'i'he followinir .-horl olutuarv notice aj)peare(l in a puldie |)rint, .\w^. -21. 17B8. 
It is allnbute'il to the pen oftlie Itev. Dr. Ta[.paii, then of Newbury, afterwards 
Piufessor of Divinity in Harvard I'niversity. 

'' For the Essex Jouiiial and New llanipshire Paeket. I 

";Mr. Hoyt, — The Ifev. -Mr. Steam-, uliose death was announced In your ! 
last, ;:in>tained a chaiaeter too ,i;re.it and too good to he passed over in silence. J 
The God of Nature t-ndued him with sini^ndar abilities, which, by the aid of ■'i 
erudition, titled him for extensive usefuliie---. His a-siduons aj)plication to the | 
woik of the ministry was truly worthy of imitalion. In him shone an assern- i 
blai;e of virtue.-, and" graces which rarely meet in the .«ame person. He had a ^ 
lively fancy, a penetrating judL^menl, a corri'ct ta-te, and a mind exparided as -f 
the heaven's. His conversation was ever seasonai)le, grave, palhelic, and instruc- ,1 
live. Hi.s public discourses were replete with good sense, with important truths •» 
in a clear and in-structivo lii:ht, and received the approbation of the best judges. '} 
He de.-<piseil pageantry, without the ajipearance of aliectation. He trusted to A 
nothing mortal ; pitied, but eirvied not, such as liad their portion in this life. ^ 
His advice in Council was often sought, and ever approved. He hail a consti- 
tutional liimness, and was cpable of the most ilispassionate reasoninl,^ Ho 
reputliated errors ancient and modern, and rejoiced to the last in his taithful . 
adlierence to tlie doctrines of grace. Ehn'ated by the purer sentinjents, he ever 
po.sse^sod a mind calm and serene, (lod, wlio i- allwise in council, was pleas- 
ed to try his lailli and patience in the turnace of alliiction. After a lingerinij • 
and p.unful jieUne-s, he died of a cancer, in the .'>7lii year of his age. In him ) 
died a tVieiid lo jn.-tice, liberty, and luer-clic goNcinnuMit ; a vi-orous watch- , 
man, a patient guidi>, an allectionato p.istor, a prudent, kind liu-bandj and an ' 
indulgent but truly faithful parent." 

Mv. Stearns was a close and ll,ioron!;h student. He .studied the Scriptures 
in their original languages, w ith unremitting diligence. His limited means w oulJ 
not allow liim to possess much of a library, liut he was favored with the use of 
books by friends, who weie alile to own them. He was accuslometl to borrow 
one volume at a lime, and wlun he had read it through, its contents were his 
own. 'i'lie late Uev. Dr. 'J"iia\er of Kingston, mentioning this fact, added, 
'■ Tlie Bible e.-pecially was his 'Library."' ^So intimate was his knowledge of 
the Scripturesj ih;it '• he could leadily cite chapter and verse, where almost any 
text was to be found."' Mr. Stearns was an ardent friend of liberty. " Some 
of his sons were in the field, diirin:: a greater part of the Revolutionary contest; 
and he sacrillced most of his woildly interest in support of tlie American cause." 
[Aldcn's EjiitaiJis] He was a meml'er of a State Convention, in Exeter, in 
which he regarded himself as fully committed to the risk of his personal 
.safety. Returning from the Convention, he called his children around hirn, 
told them of the staml he Inul taken, and added, " If the cause shall prevail it 
will be a great blessing to the country, but if it .should fail, your poor old lather's 
head Avill soon be a button for a halter." 

Mr. Stearns was tall in person, and intt^resting in his pulpit performances. 
lie lield the untiring attention of his audience, which not uiifrecpienlly tilled 
the seats and aisles of his meeting-house, while, in pleasant weather, a number 
stood abroad around the doors and windows. 

Of the piinted sermons of Mr. Stearns, two were on 1 John iv: S, — " Cod is 
love." These were preached in lOxcter, and printed after his death, at tho request, 
made to him in his last sickness, of Hon. John Phillips, for the use of the 
members of the Academy. Another was on early piety, with a brief memoir 
of Samuel Lawrence, preached Sept. li), 177;». Another was a Fast sermon. 

lAi: Stearns marrictl first, Sarah Abbot of Andover. They liad three sons ~.^ 
and three daughlei.s. One of tiie sons was John Stearns, Esq., of Deerlield, 



iri'.V ;.'j _-;;:)- 



, >' . y 



1§47.] ^rinistcrs in norhlngham Cnodii. , • 4j 

N II Mr. Stonrns .llo^l in Xovomb.-r, 17r,r,. In S.ptMnl-r, 17.17, hn marncd 
S;r'h Ru^.^l.s, dau,h...r of I'vv. Samuel Uu^.-U-s ot Ihlknuu uho ^va, a 

sr ,E,i;^- ■^ri..^ ::;::;;a'^;;,l-X' >;:'' -™f « "^."' - 

\va* boiu 111 Lppmir, Apiil x, l<iU, {.raauauu ai v.. 

^■m. IJ.v. JcHualKm l'...H-i: uf AiHlovc; and w..s mdauunl .u '- '^^ v^^ ,' 
A nl 27, 17i.5, whore ho dinl, D.-o. .v., l«rM aixod (... Ho ^"j"'^,^'^ -/",-; ( 
d^u 'htor of K-v. Mr. Fronoh of Audnvor. Sho wa. a dosronda,. 1' ""•'''" 
Aidoi;!c;,;lf the lirst Pduri.n., ^vho is said hv s.mo to -e boc-n he j.t r>e. 
.01. who h-aped upon the rock at IMviiKmih, N.-w Kii-h i d, m H.-H. ^^^^- ;\^^- 
^"a MS o 1 idford lived to see three of hi^ -^ous .otlled m the nuuv^Uy h -v. 
^•u> uel Horatio Stearns, ordained .nor the Old Nuilh Church u. Bu.lou, M ., 
A U >, 8 t'uHl In VL:. l^MHco. .Inly .., 1^:^;- l',s ron,an. -e.;e --;^;; 

toSus native' country, .nd I^-''^ ^l;;;;- .,V: ;:,!;' Doe" U '^ 1^.: n.ar^id 
llini An"u-tus Sloarn.s, ordauiod at I .untnui,'. [hm, ih . i «. > , 
Rebocc^ Allen Fni/er' of Dnxbnry. Rov. .b;na.!>au 1- rouoh Sto:uns v as 
da aed pastor of .ho th-.l Pro.byt.-rian Church ••\^^;^'""> 'I?', '.,^: '^,, 'l 
18.5. h] nnrrricd llr.t, Joanna Chaplin, dauu iter cd I r. ;;!'^-/ ^^ "^^^^'^ 
lin of Cand)rid-enort. Ho inarnod .secondly, Anna >. P.oi ti,-. ot 1 ml -u 1, Ml. 
Sarah Caroluu^ a daughter of llov^Mr. Stoarn. o i>-'"-'^, '-'[l^i/^ [j 1^! 
est JolhTds, who was ordained at Kppu.^, and ^^>^'^^^^^ ^^1^'' ' f ', ;^ j;^ l^v 
ton yU. Charlotte K.thor, a dau-hlor ol Rey._ Nuauo ^ ''^^"'~' "' ' , f'i 
J:. a.han Loavitt. U. was urdaiuod at Hodtord, and -^[T::^;^ ^:]: ^^^ 
Providouco, R. I. Rov. Josiah Houo Stearns, >on o Doa. ^ '^ ;^ ' ^;..; , ^ M, 
grandson of Rev. Josiah Stearns of I pplu_^ was orda.uod '^ .y^*- " ,^ "' ,• " f^; 
Nov.G, lSl-l,and nrarried Kdi/.a Kdhv, danuhtor of ,b,lui 1^'' \-_ ' <^; .^ ,i. j' 
;iace.' The' mother of Rov. Josiah llouo ^'''^''■'' V''''" T"^\ I Lr U o rof 
Abi::ail Richards Howe of Tonudotuu, Ms., was a do.coudanl ol John AKun 

Pd^;rini nicnioiv. ,, . r t t,„n Unit Fsn wlio^Q 

;7,.-. ;'.(.r IMI, tliir.l l»st™ at K|.i>m- »;M son "Vrl 1, ? IVui^v " Ms 

brotl.or. Itov. N'a,!,..,, Unit, «.. r»-.- ;;l '\V'';'r'l'f '"■■';,, „':'''',,.' uns 

in<ttll..,l over ll.f. I'lvshvleriaii .lim.-l, n, l>,.t..vl.on..i^'l., M.iicil '. I"-" j. 

"■ " rf Tpr I, 1S35 ; p.™cl.f.l it. 1).---,. iVuu, is:.', tu is 1 . S™ '™ "-» "t 

church thero in 10-13. [O'llh's ""l"'J/ ';' -\.'-l'">!l - -<'''"'' ' ""''"^!' '■' ■'" 
~.,y,ot.t,o",hohn,„;..p™i.;f^^ 
'''^'""'r,,/.-,,. CTo,,o,n,« wn. noM o:,l,,in,,l in IVpin.-. ^ A now l,oo,o ol ,vo,- 

.hii;i;;;,o,.,,:..w«.^a.a..o..^ 

tcTii:' F,;:;n.,ol':fr''::ni'M'M'o. >.r. 0,0,000, i. „o»- ..nh-a .. s... 

™'S. J/i-: Con«- wa, a son of l>a. ol tVo'or of !!o.ca» on, ,vl,o .a, a .o„ ot 






A\ 






>r 1 , 






il !.... 



t i,> :,' 



-j; &' -x^ 



46 



Forci'Ji^iL Jlissiu/turics JVtD/i XuriL'icJi^ Ct. 



[Jan. 



J(jlin, ;iiul graiulsoii (A Joliu of Xeubiiry, ]\Is., whu i_'iiii^r;it'/J lo this cuuiitry 
ficiu Sf(;tl;tiul, abuut the year MiK). Juiiii, with David lii-i <(jii, ruiriuvi'il I'rum 
Niiwbiuy to IJciscMV.L'ii, in iho caily sutlli'infiit of the town, and piirclia-i'd the 
wholo of that tract of land, which, iVoni thi ir iiamo, i.s called Coiner's Hill. ^Ir. 
Covscr bliulicd divinity ^vith Jli'V. l)r. Ihiiii.-. nf Diuiharton, and was oid:"' led 
in Loudon, iMarch o, isi7. He was dismissed from hirf char:;c Se|>t. 'jn, 18'<8. 
Ho preached as a siipjily at XuithJield antl I'lyriiuiuh, till is l.j. Since then lie 
iias sup[)lied at Kppin^, uliei.;lie imw resides. His son, Sa:iiuel L). ('•. Corner, 
graduateil at Dailnioulh Culle-e, in IS II. 

( J"o 1.0 C'.IUillMLll) 



l-OHi:iGN MlSSHJXArjK.s FROM NOIlWiClI, CT. 

The followini,' is supposed to be a correct li>t of llie ?»lis-ionaries that liave 
gone out from Norwich. About twenty of them were natives, and the others 
were lor a consideralde period residents of ihe town, belore enterinL' upon iho 
duties of the missionary. Two of llieni, it will l^e seen, Iicloni,' to an earlier 
period than tlie oiL^aiiization of the American Boaid of Commissioners lor For- 
eign .Mission-;. One is attached to a jXIethodisl ?»fi-sion ; one is an Episcopal 
clergyman , in tlio emi)loy of the Colonization Sucietv. and twentv-for.r have 
been in the .service of the American ISuard of Cummirrsioneis i'ur FoiiMgn 
IMissions. 



Vciir. .\:illli'3. 

17''il. Rev. Samson (Iroiirn, (."\roli(\i.'an,) 

ITc'.tJ. liov. Sauiiii'l Kiil>Iaii<l, .... 

IM-.'. Wv.w S.uiiurl X>,n,.lr., 

" .^Irs. Nolt, (lloxaiia reck,) . 

1'-!'.'. Jiev. .Abroii Winslow, 

" Mrs. AVirislow. (Harriet L. r.athmi,,) , 

l^j'l. Airs. I'ainior, (Clarissa .fuhn^uii.) 

ISJl. Ibiv. Wilhuiu I'oUer, .... 

lS-2,'). liev. Williaui II. .Maawarii.-, . 

I'^-.'i-. xMrs. Olcasun, (H.'thiah W.Tracy,) 

IS-'?. liov. Joiialhan S. Green, 

" ."\hs. Ciiilick, ( I'anny II. Thonias.) 

l^'S.). -Mrs. Sniiih, (S.TahL. Ibiiili'i-tuii,) . 

'■ Alls. TaliiLT, (.'i_-ru>]ia Joliii~nii.) 

.■\hs. iliilrlmii;-, ( i:h/.,',lH.;|, C. Lrithrr.p.) 
.Mi.>. IV'iry, ( lianirt .1. Lallnop,) . 

'■ \\v\- . .Slejilieii .l"liiirMir., 

15:1-3. Ilev. jaiiics 'r. f>ickiii=on, 

" Ivcv. William Tracy, .... 
Airs. Hehaid. (R.-beeca Ar. AVilliams.) . 

163G. Airs. Cherry, (Cliailotte 11. L.itiiioiK) 

" llev. James L. TliMUisoi 

1S30. Airs. SlieiiD.iii, (Alaitha V.. Williams,) 

" Airs. Drewi r, (l.aiiia b. (■"iiMini^sJ 

" Airs. Cherry, (.bine E. Lalhrnp.) 

ISIO. I\ev. Joshua Siiiiili, .... 

l.^i:j. Aliss Susan Tr.icv, .... 

L^ll. Ahss Lueiiala iK'wncr 



.Mission. 
Onciila. 

Alaliratta. 

Ce\lon. 

Cherokee. 



Choctaw. 
Sauihvieh Islrmdf. 

Sviia. 
. Cherokee. 
Ceylon. 

Siain. 
Siii.;apo;o. 
Abuliua. 
. Syiia. 
Alailura. 

CvjilU;. 

Syria. 
Oii'L'on. 
Ceybin. 
. -A (lie a. 

Chocl.iW. 

Clcn-law. 



'•' To send an mie.liicatc 
than to tmn out a mad d, : 



1 chihl into the w, ild,.'" 
or a wild bci-t i.it.i \\w 



au-y. 



IS liii'.c r'cllCi 



Aluilii-rs and schoubna-tcis ]daiil ih ■ sccil- of nc:',)!y all the good and evil 
whicli e\i>t in our \mm1.I. Il-i rcfn, u'atb'n me-::, t'l-refn-e, be beeaii iu mu-c - 
lies and schools. — l)r. li'^li. 



I. . : .H^, ;:.,,. ,,.,Y, ,. 



'I' :■ i:ii 



.' r^:t) 



'.) l'. '\: .'1 :i, ,, I, 



T'lC PiS!;cit;^-crs of Ihc M i'j L'l^ 



11 ')•?<'. 



THE rASSEXflKllS OF THE MAV ELOWKR IX 10-J.i. 



NATiiAMKi. i;RAi>.vniri:T Mii:KTr.i:rr, m. l 



[\\'i iif-ir 



As i:aii..v us the year inu:2, scveml volitions p^o-^c 
the ioiuin- l.orJers of Noltin.hamslnre, Lu.colush.ro nn.l ^ - '- " ^. 
o^ehc. ^^^Uh their pious nuni.t.T^. h.in^ ur.cvou.lv on.r.-.;^ by 
^i;^ts :uul c.noas, roulvol to ^h.k. o,l tho yok. of anfdnM m 
bomla.e, unJ, .s ll>e Lord's free people to lor.n U'ornsclves h . .- 
n.nt h>to a church-state, to walk n. nil h,s ^v:,ys nccouhng to J. u 

best kuou'lea^e aud eudcavors, cu.t ^'^'■"V^^'''"'^'^'"V ll'lfl nhl'•a^,l.s 
1,1 the vcarlGUU, hv rea.ou ol tiie d..l;ui.;c of iheu li.>hu.itc i... 
thc^ 1^.1 o were ohli^ed to a-e.uh!e iu tu'o pl.ccs and hecome uo 
chshncL churches; over one of whid; ^Ir. John >-th was -- ;-^- 
n.stor, and :unon- the others were Mr Ihciiard ( hllou a.,.. M.. Ju.ui 
Robinson, two very excellent and worthy preaehers 

In tlie fall of n;07, Mr. Cldion and many o h.s chuul lu n 
CKtrenudy harassed. vcn,oVcd thcn..;K^;s a.l j;---^ ^ J;;;;;-- |i 
where, in the sprui-' ol 

tlierot. They settled llrst al Ai;i-.viM:oii, ^ 
year; hat lindins that Mr. Siuilh s church, wuidi xya 
^ ' ""■ '■ iih oihers, tlicv, vahun- peace .uui 



reniovc'-. 

;:>-, they v.-rrc folh.wed by Mr. Eobm^uu an. 

ihcy reiiKiiiie.l a 

It liiulins that Air. MUiins ■■ ■■ v-.- - ^a. tneie .c uie 

lliem, had fallen into conleutioii wi .,- ^, .> . • ,i,.,,- 

piritual ooudort above other r.ches, renKu-ed wah ^1^; ^- '"-; ; ''J^^ 

pastor, to Leydeu, Mr. CTd^tou reinaniing ui AmstcidaLU, vJua. h. 

"^Ser their arrival in Leyden, they chose Mr. ^Vil!iauUhw^^^ 
to assist the pastor, as Elder of the Chn.d,. In then- new j „> e o 
S,ode they iJved in love and haruv.ny w,th each "^l'-- --\-^ ';,;;: 1 
terms of intercourse w,th their neighbors, Ull they ^-'";;'; '^^;^^' ; j^ 
Bv th^ year 1(310, many had con,c ovc^r lo t:.eni Ironi %auou. pa. is 
of EnM and and thev had increased and heconie a -real cong,c.Hl,on. 
In 7 I M, Robinson and his church be.a. to tlnnk o^ enn..a,n,^ 
to Anlcica; and. as a preparatory su-p. sent Mr, lohert Cush.nan .k 
Mr. John Carver fnun Leyden over to l.n.Iand, o "^^^\^ /': ^ ^^^ ^ , . 
.inia Cn^npany, and also to s. e if the Ku,^ would ^rant he.n the d 
^crty of eon^sc.ince the.e. which was refused them ni the land ol b • i 
hid. Al,hou,h the agents were not able to obtam ^-^ f ;^J- ^ 
their suit for liberty in religion under the hroad seal, a. u a. , c! 
n^ertheless. thev prevailed solar as to gain the ^---•--;; ^ ^ ^ 
King that he wouhl not molest tliem, provMe^Uhey carried then I c. 
neae-eahlv. l^^ I'H-, the agents returned to Eeydeu, to the gu at d s 
?:' a^itnt of the peoplcTwho .ent thorn ; who, -twithstambn. - 
solved, inl(;i0.tosenda.ain two n.enl^ to a.ree wi h e J^ n ,mn 



.Mr. Cnshmau a second time, 
who, afier long attendance, 



Company; and at this lime they sent 

Tnd witli him ]Mr. "Whlliam Ih-.ulford, , . 

obtained the, patent granted by the Company to Mr. John ^^ n.cob. 

which w;is never w-r^. -;,.,■ .^Miri\'n to 

Xnuvithslandmg all tlrese treub'es-, so strong was heu ';;';::; ^^ 
nuit Eevden and scatle in Amen, 'a, that they emeied mo MX a..a.. c 
Tutwdh Mr. Tlu.na. Wes.on, a n.nvlcuU .;f l.aulm. lor , u ;r r.ns- 
porlation, and sent Mr. Ca.ver and M:'. ( u-^hmau to l.m.^.. 
receive die money of Mr. Weston, to asM.l m ihe.r t;an^po,m,,on 



to 
and 






•I.. ' .!0: 

tf. .■■■ : 



il 'II 



■'-;■: ;.■.' 1 






lit r.'ir 



0' I*. (;.- 

/•i.f' 



■(•1 ) 



rj 



0*? 



:t. / »'t., , -i-J ,. ;:■ ('.i C. . /■:f\ 



4S 



The J\isscng-crs of 



nail went to 




to provide foi- the voyage. By direction, :\Ir. Cuslii 

't!?^^ ,^l";^*^^''' ^'^'■^'^''' ^^ ^^oulliiunptuii, wIkhj they finally joined wUht . 

i\Ir. Uilham Alartui, who had Invn i-Iiummi to assist them. 

• '^T^i"'^"^/ ^^ ^^^^^ ^"'''' '■'^"''■'' '''^ '"^P<--L-du-ell, was honL'lit and fitted ;•' 
in liolkiiid, to he nsed in their transportalion, and was dcsi'Mjrd to be '';:: 
kept for nse in their new country. Mi: Cuslunan, in Jiint>^ ICr'O, also.V'v 
hired at London the renowned Miy Flower, a vessel of nine.see 'e tuns. , 
and also Mr. Clarke, the pilut. 

Mr. Cuphnim, having proeurod the .Aliy Flower at London, and ' ^ 
lilted u for the voyage, i)ioeeeded in it to Southampton, where he' i4 
and Ca|)tain Jones, togeilier with tlu- olhrr agents, remained seveo' Tf 
days, untd ihe arrival of tliu i'llgnuis ulio left Levdeu in July, enihark- ' ' 
mg (lom Delft Haven. ' •' 

Oa the .-nh of August, I)oth vessels, the ."Nhiy Flower, Capt. Jone 
and the .Spee.hvell, Capt. lleinolds, set sail from Southampton Tl 
small ves.ol proving leaky, lliey In.th put in to Dartmouth aho 
the l.;i!i ol August, where they remained till the 21st, when they s 
sad agam. Jiulh vessels were oMigetl to retmii a second timo^( 
account oi tlie leakage of the Speedwell ; and this time they put ha 
to Plymouth, where they gave ui. the small vessel and dismissed the 
who were willing to return to London, 3Ir. Cu.shuian and his fam 
returning with them. 



es, 

The. 
lit 

set 

lie on 

ack 

ose 

ily 




During their passage, one only died, AVilliam Eutlen, a youn'r man 
servant to Mr. Samuel Fuller, the physician of the new colony, who 
M-as mchued m Mr. Fuller's fxmily, according to Governor Jhadford 
altlioiigh dead at the time of the signing of the compact. 

One person was horn during ihc passage, Oceanus ih.pkins, a son of 
Mr. Stephen Hoi.kms, who did not survive long after the landing- 

At the commencement of the voyage, the numhcr of passen-a^rs of 
the May Flowr was one hundred, and at the time of the arrival at 
Cape Cod Ihirhor it was the same; one having died, and one ha\ in- 
been iiorn, thus preserving the integrity of the mimher. JJolh of these 
persons, however, are numbered among the passengers, and hence the 
number js generally siated as one hundred and one. 

Peregrine White, son of Mr, AVilliain White, was born in Cape Cod 
Harbor, m November, after the signing of the compact and before the 
landing, and is not mcluded with the voyagers. He enjoyed the dis- 
tinction of being the hist born white child in New England, of the. 
Leyden Pilgrims. 

The first child' liorii after the lamliiig on the twenty-second day of 
December. Kiio. was a sun of Mr. Isaac Allerton, but it did no: surnvo 
Its birth. 

^ The May Flower has already been stated to liave been a vessel of 
a.)nui nmescore tons, and was procured at London by Mr. Robert 
Cushnvm. who was debarred the privilege of coining over with the 
inlant colonists, as it was necessary that he should remain in Kmdand 
to kecj) together those who were left behind, and to provide for"" their 



.'Y , "V 



ii'-.:,'^/ .ti-, . i . I,: ) 



7 ■Ti I,.,: '.I,: " 



.':•/! '';\i! .■..',ii 









' t V ; I ; 



•■■ (1 t ' ' I 



J ,:'! r 






• ; ! ' 






•■Is ■; [■. . 

.■' .:t^..' I J, 









: ..'tl.l ■• 



Ail.hi fij; 



( 1947.] the May Flmccr in 10.90. 49 



t 

\ future cmigr;\lioi\ as lie had done for that of those of the fir;?! passage. 

h' This lie did hy [)iocuring the Fortnuc, and .sailin;^ from Loudon in 
* July, 1G21, and arriving in New J'higland on tlie 'Jlli of November of 
t llie same year. It is also highly probable that lie obtained the other 
early vessels, as he continued to be the agent of the Pilgrims till his 
death, whieh occnrred in England, just as he was ready to come to 
spend the rest of his days in Nov,'- England. In 1C21, when the urst 
division of land for continuance look f)laee, Mr. Cushman, although in 
Englanch was placed at the head of the list of those who came in the 
May Elowcr; an act of justice alike creditable to our forefathers and 
honorable to him. 

The jMay Flower not only 1)rought over the first of the Leydeii 
Pilgrims, but also, in the year 1G'J'.», \villi four other vessels, transported 
.Mr. lligginson and his company to ."^^alem ; and in IGoO, was one of 
the fleet which conveyed to New Ihigland Mr. "Winthrop and the 
early settlers of the Massachusetts Colony. 

A vessel bearing this name was owned in England ahout fifleeia 
years or more belbre the voyage of our foretathers ; but it would be 
impossible to prove or disprove its identity with the renowned May 
Flower, however great such a prubabillty might be. Il is kiiuwn, 
nevertheless, that this identical famous vessel afterwards hailed t'lom 
various English ports, such as liOndon, Yarmouth, and Soniliamp- 
ton, and that it w;is much used in transporting emigrants to this 
country. AV'hat eventually became of it, and what was the end ol' its 
career, are equally unknown to history. 

The following li.it of passengers is made up from various sources. 
By referring to the list of those who signed tlie compact at Cape Cod, 
taken from Ciovernor Bradford's folio manuscript, we know who signed 
the com[)act, and the number of persons in the family of each ; who of 
the signers brought wives, and who died the first winter. By the 
pocket-book of Governor Bradford we know the names and dates of the 
deatlis of sixteen \vlio died the first season, and liow many died belbre 
the arrival of the Fortune, on the Dili of Novemljcr, IG'Jl. By an 
examination of the Old Colony Pccords, we know to whom land was 
assigned in U'i'Jl, and what families were e.\tinct at that time ; and, as 
the families were arranged according to the vessel in which they came, 
and an acre was granted to each individual, we know how many were at 
that time in each family. Smith has also told us that none of the first 
planters died during the three years iireceding the close of the year 
1G24. By the division of cattle, in the year 1G27, a record of which 
was made at Plymouth, we know every individual who was living at 
that date, and tlie relative age of each person in every family. By- 
wills, records, and gravestones, we know the ages of many of the Pil- 
grims and their children. 

From such materials, and with such authorities, the following table 
has been constructed; and it is believed, that, although there is a 
possibility of the existence of small errors which can never bo proved, 
the list is entirely or very nearly correct. 

In order to save space and unnecessary printing, and to exhibit more 
readily for reference some of the most im^iorlant facts, the tollowing 
distinctive marks are made use of 

Those who signed the comiiacl at Cajte Cod, on the 1 1th of Novem- 
ber, 1G20, are in capitals. 



Of 



■'■A 






' .,'0 












:i' /. 



GO 



The Pit!^sc}ig-crs of 



[Jan. 



The nninl)or in each fainily is iiulicatfil by ilic Arabic iimiieral. ^ 

Those who bi'uughl their wives liavc thi-^ i;i:ir!c, '\. 

Tho^e who left ihcm lor u liiac in lIuUaiKl or England are ihas 
clislingiiished, 1. r 

Those who ched l)erore the arrivtd of the Fortune on the 0th of 
Noveniljcr, lCr2], liave an asterislc, * 

TI)ose who died before the division of cattle in 1G"J7, arc in itahcs. 

Tlie (biles of tliose who died the lirst season are given as taken 
from Bradford's pocketdjook. 

/ 
JOUN C.tnVER, ilieJ in April, l(i'21. j* 

■Mrs. Ciirrcr, (his wife,) died in May, lfi21. * 

Fdizal>c!h CaiNcr, daui^htcr of "Mv. Carver and also wife of John IIow- 



Jaspcr. (tlic boy of ■\Ir. Carver,) died Due. G, H'ylO. 

John HowlanJ. 

'J'kree others of tlii'i Jhrnihj died before 1C27. 

WnJJA:\I BRADFORD. 

J7;v. JJoral'iij Jiradford, (his wife,) drov.-ned Dec. 7, lG-20. 

EDWARD WIN SLOW. \ 

Mrs. Eltzabtth irin^tow, (his wife.) died :Marcli 21, 1C20-1. "^ 

Edward Wiuslow, Jr., son of Edward. 
John Wiii,slo\r, son of Edward. 

GEORGE SOULE. 

WILLIAM BREAVSTER. ' t 

]\Irs. llrLf-'ter, (his wife.) 

Love Brewster, snu of ^Villiam. 

Wrestliiin' Brewster, son of William. 

I\Irs. Liicrelia Browster, wife of Jonathan, the oldest son of Elder Brewster. 

William Brewster, son of Jonathan. 

ISAAC ALLERTOX. t 

Mrs. Mnry Allerton, (his wife,) died Feb. 25, 1G20-1. * 

Bartholomew Allerton, son of Isaac. 
Remember Allerton, daughter of Isaac. 

IMary AlK-rtou, daiiijhter of Isaac, and also wife of Elder Thomas Cash- 
man. 
Sarah Allerton, daughter of Isaac, and also wife of ]Moses Maver- 



iMILES STANDTSIL 

]\[rs. Rose .Staiidisli, (his wife,) died Jan. 20, li)20-l. 

JOHN ALDEX. 

SAMUEL FULLER. 

D'Hlimn Ihillcd, (his -servant.) died Xov. (>, IGO.b 

CHRlSruPIlEn MJirriN. died Jan. ^, Iti.'d-I. • 
Mrs. Jlartin, (his wife,) died the lirst winter. 
Soloinoa Mortiii, son of Christopher, diml Dec. 2 1, 1G20. 
One olher of iii is family died the first leidtcr. 

WILUAM MULLTXS, died Feb. 21, 1(;2()-1. 

]\frs. Mi'llin^, (his wife,) died tho first winter. 

ri'iscilia -Mullins, daughter of William, and also wife of John Al- 

den. 
Two others of tJcis family died the first winter. 



* 



\-' 



'I'.- ','-J!l )l'j 



Olrn; ;; ,-,u l-r. 



'-■ j,'>'i 



'.'V'l 



■' ii' 



^. ;,',>.',!■■'..!■;':• >.' 



'. '■,..■: /,! r>.'i' 111 



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M 1 



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I 1S17.] 



(he M\:ij 1-loirn- id KYIO. 



51 



I 



WllUAM WIJITK, died Fc'l.. -.M, K.Jo-l. . f*- 

Ml'*. Sii>:ui!i;i \Vliil<'. (his wifi'.) at'tcrwjrds wifo of fJuvcnior 'Win.^lo'.v. 

R.'solvccI \\'\\\W. SMI (if William. 

W'dlunn Uhilc, Jr., ^.un (if William. 

Lihcir.l 'ianiip^.n}. died Dec. 1, liijn. * 

UICMAIll) WAHUr.N'. t 

STi;i'iii;\ iioi'ivi.xs. ' ' \ 

Mr:^. VAi/.\\W'\\\. ll(i[)kiiis, (lii.s w\\v.) 
\ Constance llopkiuSj daiiujhler ul .'^■ii'[)hea and also wife of Nichohii 
\ Snow. 

f Giles lfi)[)kiiis, son of Stcplieii. 
\ Caleb Hopkins, son of Str[)lien. 
[• Occuaus JIojiLitiij .-(in oi .Slepheii, born at sen. ' * 

r EDWARD Dr)T!:V. 

^ EDWAiii) Li:isTi:n. ._ - 

KDWAllI) '/7/./,/;y, died lln- Inst winter. [* 

il/y-i'. 7'(/''' //, (liis wile.) dicil tin: lii-t winter. ^' 

2'iru uUui-6 ('j'li'i:sj[:iuilij iiuil tlu jir^t icnt'-i: *' 

/O^/.V 77/././;r, dird the fir>t win'..,-. i* 

sj' il/r5. TiUty. (his wife.) died the lii.-t winter. "^ 

One other uf tkis famiUj dud tltc fubt ivinltr. ' '^■■ 

% FKAXCIS COOKK. ■ ' % 

John Cduke, (called the vomi'zcr.) son of rianci?. 

T/ZO.V./.S' 7.'0^'/;A's'. .lied the lirst winter. * 

Joseph l!iiL,'ers, sun ef 'I'liemas. 

yV/O-V./.S' 77.VA7;A'. died the first winter. ■ ■ t*^ 

Mrs. Tinker, (his wife.) died the lir.^t winter. ' ^■"' 

One iH'jre of this J'mndij died tltc jin^t ifinli r. •. , ,., * 

/0//.V AV/>CV/>J/:/:, died the lir>l winter. t^ 

3Irs. Jluhdule, (his wife.) died the lli-l winter. ' ,, *" 

T^DI/'J/.'/; /•Vy/./"j;/.'. di.d tlu; nr-4 winter. t* 

il/rs. /'('//,/•. (his wife.) dii'd th.' lii-t wnilm. ■ * 

Samuel Fuller, (called the voiniL^cr.) .-on of Edward. , 

JOIIX 'rn:.\i:R, died the fnst winter. * 

Two others nj ih^s faindij died tlic first winter. ' '" 

FEANCIS F.ATOX. I 

Mrs. llilu,!. (his wife.) died before liiJT. 
Suniiiel Katon, .son of Fiancii. 

JAMK^ CHILTON, died Dec. S. KJJu. ■ t*; 

Mrs. Chiltihi, (his wil'e.) died ih..' lir-t winter. "^ 

j\Iary Cliiltoii, daii-iiler of James and al.-.o wife of John AVin-Ijw, 
the brother of Kthvard. 



JOIIX CItACK.STOX, 
John Crack>ton, Jr.. son 



die.l t 



he fir.-t ^\inter. 
m. 



JOHX lULLlXCTO.X. 

Mis. Ilelon binin-lon, (his wife.) 
Francis llillini^ton^ -on of Jolni. 
John I'illinuton, Jr.. .-on of John 



!. '.r. 



■:0.v 



f \r n ■ \' '.\ 



':X),.'\l- :\ 






5-2 



J lie Ptisscw^crs of Ihn \T,,, r<f 

«, r.,6 oj iiic jiiij i< lower III 10:20. 



^i05^.!;FA/;m/z;/^,dic,l,hcfi.sl.inl,.r. 
JOHN (WO DM An. 

UKaOllY PRIEST, died Jan. 1, inoo-i. 

GILB|.:jrJMVL\SLO\V,l.ro.herori:.iuani 

PETEIl iJliOWX. 

niCILIRD BRITTERIGE, died Dec. 21, I0>o 

/J/e/LJA'/) 6'L.7A'AT, died .1.. l]..t winter. 

rJCIIArvD GARDIXER. 

JOIIX JLLER-nJX, (.oaman,) died the iir.t winter. 

rilU.MAS Eyf;Llsn, (scanianj died the /I„t winter. 




Total. 



1 
1 
1 

101 



enutnerued:! '^' J'^n^daud, tu the year l.TJJ, may be th 



the 
us 



la November, IGJO, 
In December, '•' ' 
la January, H!20-I, 
la February, '• 
In ^larcli, " 

III April, KLM, 
In May, " 

From April G to November 9, IGOI, 
From November 0, 1G21, to lG2j, 
Total. 



1 

C 

8 

17 

13 

1 

1 

■1 



51 



Of !!ie'^(> were, — 
^'iunrr-; 1,) 111,, compact, 
Wives of the .signeis, 
Known members of familii-s 
vi/ : U'illiam Uutten, Kd-' 
^vaid Tliompson, Jasper, ihe 
b.iy, Solomon Martin, 'and 
Creanu-s Hopkins. 
Unknnwn im-mbers of the fol- 
low ini,' families, viz ■ 
Of Carver's, 
Of .Alaitin'.s 
Of .Mullins-.s, 
Of Edward Tilley's, 
Ol John Tillev's,' 
OfTinker':^, " ^ 
Of Turner's, 

Total, 



21 
13 



er'ha^h';,r'::,°n':'l''',j" "■•-■'■"-">; S--o..n,Hl II,„„H„io Coop 

account.^ "'^ ^""^"'■' '^'''^ '''" thoreibre c.eluded m tins 

iii.t sea.ou. Lut as his name occurs ainoni,^ those who 



3 




1 
2 
2 
1 


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:.-,* 


1 


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2 32 


.'l; 


51 


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!iave 




they 


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,;ir'! 1^ 






:'i ■ '"Ml 



... ,.,. ■■ ■ /-'I '.:..)• !:-lt 



:>f\. ,- 



;>«•*«# 






NOTE. 



The following mistakes, not attributable to the author, slioulil be thus 
correcled : 

On page 50, lino lo, 'Mohu lluwland" bliould he in lloinan Capitals. 
Oil page 50, lines 1:2, 31, 3u, and 4 9, the word " al^o " should Ije 
"afterwards." 

On page -50, line 23, " George Sonic" should be included in the 
( family of Kdward Winslow, and the numeral 1 again^J his name 
erased. 

On page 51, lines 9 and 41, the word ''also" should be "afterwartls." 
: On page 48, line 51, the word " the", before inAmt, slioidd Ijc " its." 



•0",-V^ 



•J'J m'OC''' 






I r," •■ ; •' I. 






lS-17. 



Mitjor Pcndltlon's Letter. 



53 



had garden lots in 1020, niul niso in the division of land in 1023, it 
must l)c inferred tiiat he was marked hy ini-stake, or else Mr. I'lince 
committetl an error in taking Ids copy lur the Annals. 

Three of the wives of the signers were left in l"hiiopc; namely, Ijridg- 
ctt, the wife of Dr. Samuel Fuller, 1 fester, the wife of Francis Cooke, 
nnd Eli/.abtjth, the witV' of Richard Warren. These afterwanls came 
over in the Ann, in 1G23. 

Five lost their wives and married again; namrdy, William Bradford, 
who married widow Alice Southworlh; luUvard \^'inslow, wlio married 
widow Susanna White ; Isaac Allcrton, who married Fear lirewster, 

nnd afterwards, Joanna ; Miles Standish, wlio married llar- 

bara ; and Francis l^atoii, who married Christian Penn. 

Others were married for the first time; namely, John llowland and 
Elizabeth Carver; George Soule and Mary; Love Brewster and Sarah 
Collier; John Alden and Priscilla .Mullins; llesolved White and Judith 
Vassal; Ciles Hopkins and Catherine Wheldon ; Edward Dotey and 
Faith Clarke; John Cooke and Sarali AVarren ; Samuel Eaton and 
IMartha Billingfon. 

Several of the Pilgrims had cliildren born in New England, an 
.2C0unt of whom may form another article at some future time. 



MAJOR PENDLETON'S LETTER. 

Copy of a letter from IMajor Brian Pendleton to the " Honored 
Governor and Coimsell for the Matacusets at Boston," occasioned by 
the attack of the Indians on Casco, Me. 



" Honored Governor 

together with the Counsell, 

I am sorry my pen mu.=t he the messonjcr of soe greate a 
Tragedye. On the 11th of'tliis in-tant wee heard of many killed of our navbors 
in falmonlh or Ca.sco-Bay: and on the ICth instant -Mr. joslin sent me a briefe 
letter written froni under the hands of INIr. Burras*" the minister. Ilee gives 
an acct of 32 killed and carried away by the Indians : him«elfe escaped to an 
Island, but I hope Black poynt men have fetched him of by this time. 10 men 
6 women and 10 children. Anthony a[n]d Thomas B[r]a[c]ki't and Mr. Mun- 
joy his soiuie onely are named. I had not time to copjiye the letter, persons 
beinge to goe post to Major Walden ; but I hope he hath before this sent the 
originall to you. How soon it will be our portion wee know not. The Lord in 
mercy fit us for death and direct the harts and hands to ackt and doe wt. is 
most need full in such a time of distro-^s as thi-^. Thus in haste I commit you 
to PvdniMU'e of our Lord Cod and desire Your prayers also for us. Yours in all 



humility to sarve in 

'• Winter Harbor at niqht 
the 13 of AuL'ust, lU' 



night ) 
ITtJ." j 



the Lord, 



BRIAN PENDLETON." 



Rev. Gcurgo Burroughs, 



U'jiHi' '. .Itf'i, .•v..i'"< 



.\i iti; _i.;:^n 1 , 1.. ■»■]<: 




-r ,i.,- ;■■ r ^ 






•I.-': 



; . I- !:;'•• cj 



■I).. m'J !■ 



IJ.^ :V ,■■(,■/ 






5i 



JuryJ(i'".l Sliifisli'-s of 



[Jan. 



CAPT. MILKS STA.XDISirs I.WI'NTOUY OF LOOKS. 



Tlu! following books are inciitioiu-il in lln' Iiiv Titory of llic ;,'oods of Capt. 
^MiU'.s S!;i!Kli>li, as tliey won.; .->lir\.ii lo lln- .\,),ii;ii-er.s, Jolia Akd-a an 1 Jaint'S 
CuJwoilli, ])fc. '2, IG'aJ. The accnunl i-i Innu .;,i\Lii i\r> faan.l in ihc Invciilory. 



.1' .V. (/. 

Ul 10 dO 

(I. lis (J(J 

III in III) 

111 (;1 no 

1. 1 n^i i;i) 

IK) IJ 1)1) 

no 1 1 ni) 

,11) 10 00 



Tho Ilistoiy nf ilic World and llio Tnrl-.idi lli^lmy . 
A Chronical of I'lnirlarul and tlie CuniiUy Karni"i- . 
Y" History of (,» iccii Kli/alic'di llm SlAtc of lanojio 
Doctor ] [all's w o;i;i's CaK'in's la^lilntiuiis .... 

>,Vilrock,/s \V..rkcs an.l .Al.iyors 

]i:r.'cr> S.-avca 'IVcati^L's and tho Fieach .Alcadcniy 

3 old I'.iMcs 

Cr-i'is Conicntaiv.s UariiTo's Artiili.My ..... 
I'lL'-tuns SLMimni., JUirrougla's Cliii.-;liaa ContrrUir.cnt, Go5- 

poll Convt'r.sation ....... 

Pas-^ioiis of tlie )iiind. Tho I'lii.sitions practico . 

l>inrou:;lis Karllity miudcdnos,. llmroiiL'lis discoveries 

liall 0)1 Faitli — JJriiily ^Valcll, Dud on the Lord's .sapper . 

Spai-k.s ai,rainsi hercsie — Davenports Apolo'jv 

A reply to Dr. Cotton on IJaplisine — the G;i:inan History — 

The Sweden LilelliLTOnccr — IN'ason ili-eu<ed 

1 TiJ^taineiit — 1 I'saline BoulvC — natnii' and irr;ire in conflict 

A law liooke — Tiie nieane in Moii-iuii'j; Allegations .Lhn- } ('•) 0(i 00 

.son a^^'inst hearin 

A pavcc.'l of old lloiikes npun diver.-? snl'jectj in •!lo . . I'o l 1 tin 

Anollna- jiaieid in Octavo . ...... i Oo 00 



111 01 00 

1)11 10 00 
00 10 00 



Wilsons l)i.\.onarv J Imner's Uliad. a Con.in;rp.!a,ie on James ) 



i^all's Catecliesnie. 



!■ O'i 1-J oO 



) 



NOTICES- OF THE COURTS OF .1 FDICVTrRi: AND ov Tirp. B.AR 
OF Till-: COUNTY OF MFRRl.\L\Ci;, NFW 11 AMFSll 1 1! U. 



I. 
I 



B V i;ri:riin.\" colhy i\vnc;],:R, r..5ii.j or concorix'* 

The History of the Courts in Xc.v Nanjp-l.ire, includinij an accovnit of tiro 
varion.s systems of .Iialicatine I'roni tini ■ t ; lime, ha^ been published in an aiti- 
cle contained in the .^.nieiica:i (ii;a:lcrb,- i:iLi;~;er, \\A. XII., ]):-.';':ired by 
Fiancis Cou^well; F. i[-, of .Du\i'i'. :u:d in Ai-licli's e atained in t!.'.' .\.".-, Hamp- 
shire Repositorv, V.,!s. I. a-)id 11., [)r.'par''d ji,- William JIutteMlel.l, Il-'j . of 
Gihuanloa, Ilu.n. Saiiiuel D. Dell of .Blanche -i't, and the 1 1 r.i. John' h'eily of 
E.\eltM-, N. 11. Nothing' further need lie said on liii> .-ubject. 

'J'lie Coaal',' of '.Irrriniack, by an act of tin; Ueul daliwe, pas-ed in l'^'?^, was 
uMJiied fioiii the Connllr..; of iIillsboi'i^ii_h and iiocl.inirha.ni, with the i".vceplio;i 
of ajiail of the town of Franklin, whieli was t.ikeii from Sanboniltm. thmi in 
Slralloid Coanly, now in the County of llelkna.p. It conta.ins Iv/tiity-four 
towns. 

The Counties of lliU-boroni^li and ?\[errimack compose tlie Second .Tndicial 
Di--liicL tor the; transaction ol busmrss of the Superior Couit, and C'inil> aro 
held annnally at Coinerd on the .second Tne-da}' of .!nlv, and at Amher.-'l oi. too 
.second Tnc.-,day of Deeonber. 

'J'hi; followinL,^ li-t of JikIl^os, Conntv OiliciMS ;md Memluns of the Par, 
includo tho.-e who resiiled within the limits of the Ciunitv of .Meiri)nacL la'foro 
its lonnalionj and al.->o those who have ic-iided \'. ithln tiie Cou)ity si)ice il was 
formed. 

f" lii I'lcjiariiiy liii-' nrliclc, a-.ii-tuucc w;is ii.ii'bii J I'V MocJy Kent, U^ij, 






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Bio'j,raj)Jtical Nut ices of 



[Jan, ■ }\ 



LIOGIlArillCAL NOTICES OF DECEASED niYSICIANS ;'^ 
l.\ ."MASSACHUSETTS. 



15 Y E 1! E N J: Z E R A L D E .\ , M . D , 

To l!ie EilikT ofiliu Now Eiijl.iiul Ili-tonva! and Gcncaloyieal Picgi-itcr. 

J)f:AR Siu, 

In accordance with yoDr suijirc^tion, I propose to senJ you occasionally for 
pcblicailun, as your liiails may piMsnit, brief uuticc; and rcinini^cences of 
I'hy.sicians, who have lived in -Ma-sacliusetts. .;' 

The jjian of your Periodical reipiin.'s that sucli notices should be brief; and 
I shall u^Lially refer your readers to the sources of iiifornTation, Ironi which my ' 
materials iiave been obtained, so as to facilitate the iuNc-liyatiuaa of ihu-^e wiio 
may wi:-h in any case to make still further itniuiries. 

rerhaps no class of public men is so little known to the community beyond f- 
the limili'd circle of professional pursuitd, as physicians. Their life is one of- ' 
incessant continement, anxiety, and toil. A poiti(jn of their labors, as lar^'e aa 
from one fouith to one third, is gratuitous. To them, if to no oiher.-j, it is an 
abidinijf truth, The j>our uhcdij'! ye hiire tcitli yoii. It is c.vceedinL'ly lare even -. 
in cities, still more so in the country, to litid a phvsiciaa of hunorable standing 
with his h'llows, who has aciiuired ;:;rtMt wcailli as the fruit of professional 
service. Having lood and rainieul, he inu-t Icaru tliLMcwilh to be content 
Neverthcle.>s, physicians liud abundant sources of enjoyment in the sympathy 
and kindness of many attached friends ; ami it is believed, that, according to the 
measure of their ability, they are not behind, the averaire of their fellow-citizens 
in works of philanthroi>y and benevolence, in the war of the Revolution they 
were fully represented in the senate-house, and on the battle-lield ; and the 
names ot I'rescott, llolton, Tliomas, Brooks, and Warren, with many others, will 
go down to posterity, no less hduored as statesmen and patriots, than as emi- 
nent members of the medical jirulession. 

It is pleasant to recall the virtues of such men; to know where they lived ; 
who were their associates ; how they performed the duties of social life ; what 
obstacles they encountered and what rewartls they obtained ; and to hold 
forth their example to the younger members of the profession and especially to 
those ju^t about to enter it, as a practical illubtratiun of the great truth, that a 
lite perseveringly devoted to the good of others, even under the most discour- 
aging cireumslunces. will ultimately secure the public confidence, and meet 
its reward. .-; , ^ ■ Jlespectlullv, yuurs. 

]— DR. En.VSTUS SERGEANT, SENIOR, OF STOCKBRIDOE. 

The i'ollo^^•illg Notice of a disliiignislu'd pliysiriati and \vorlhy 
man is copied, willi liitle alteration, Iroin a Ie1ter*addi-e.^«ed to myself 
by Bf. Oliver raiirldge, in December, 1841, wiien he was over 
ninety years of age. 

Dn. JIrastus Si:r:cE.\\T was born at Stockbridge, August 7, 1742, 
and died November ]4, ]S14, aged 7:i. 

lie was the son of llcv. John JSergeant, the first missionary to the 
Indians on the Ilonsatonic lliver, wlio was born in Newark, N. J., 
in J 710; graduated at Yale College in 17:29; was there a Tutor 
lour years, and, having a great desire to be a luissionary to the 
Aborigines, went to Liteiilleld, in 1733, where some English 
people had settled; procured a guide and wont on foot forty miles 
lurther through the wilderness, to the Indians, where he me't a cor- 
dial reception. He then returned to New Haven, resigned his 



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Tutorship, and, having madi' ihc iicc-c^sary preparation-, went 
back in 1731, and cotnnioncod his mission. 

In 1735 CIov. Dudk'V appointed a inci-ting of the Indians on 
business at Deerfiehl, where the Rev. John Si^rgeant was ouhiined 
as tlieir niinislor, and he with Mr. Timothy Woodbridgo as school- 
master, (afterwards Hon. Timothy AV.,) went to spend their lives 
with the Indians. 

The Rev. I\Ir. Sergeant married Abigail, the daughter of Col. 
E])hraim Williams, of Newton, near Boston, one of the chosen six 
wlio had farms allotted them across our pleasant hill, to be society 
for the two missionaries. 

JNIr. Sergeant died in 17-li), in the midst of his usefulness, a most 
amiable man and greatly lamented. He left three children : I">a?- 
tus, the subject of this memoir; I-Mecta, who married Col. Mark 
Hopkins of Great Barringlon, and was grandmother to the two 
brothers, Mark and Albert Hopkins, the fornu'r the Pre.-ident and 
the latter a Professor at Williams Cohege: and John, the fourth 
missionary to tiie said Indians, who n-moved wiiji iheni in IT^H, then 
being about four luuulred and iifiy in number, to Om,'ida County, 
N. v., and there died. 

Their mother married for her second husband, Cleu. Joseph 
Dwight of Great l^u•rington, who then had five children, and i)y her 
he had two more, from whom our Dwights and Sedgwicks arc 
descendetl, — and their mother became again a widow. 

Notwithstanding the ditlieullies of the war with the J'^eneh and 
Indians of Canada, ;uid the residing on the frontier with the care 
of his, hers, and their children, by the inniu-nce and assi.-tance of 
their friends, iM-astus was j)rcpared for college, and speiu two 
years at Princeton, N. J., before the circumstances of tlie family 
required his return. 

In 17GI he went to live with his uncle. Dr. Thomas AVilliams of 
Deerfield, and was there about three years in the study and practice 
of medicine. In January, I/G-j, he commenced the practice of 
physic in Stockbridge. The towns in the vicinity were then but 
partially settled, and not supplied with ])liysicians, so that he soon 
had much business. Several severe cases of conuninuled fracture, 
successfully treated by him, served to extend his fame, and, in a 
short time his advice was much sought, and in surgical c-ases he 
became the principal operator within a circle of thirty miles diam- 
eter ; and his usefulness was continued until Dr. Jones and others 
succeeded him in business. 

He was endowed with sound judgment and skill in his profes- 
sion ; was sedate, kind, very cliarital)le and benevolent, with a large 
share of the Christian graces, and truly was the ^^ hdovcd p/ii/siciait.''^ 
More than twetUy young men sludii'tl nu'difine under his tiirection. 

It was said of him, thai no owe, I'ver spoki- ill o\' him from his 
youth up. He was an important uu'mbcr tmd deacon in the Rev. 
Dr. West's church. He received a Master's degree at Yale College 
in 17S4 ; was electi'd a I'ellow of the Massachusetts Medical 
Society in 178') ; was a Ju-^iice of the IVrue, autl a Majc^- in the 



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BiogTOjilikal Xuticcs of 



[Jan. 



Soiiili Regiment of the County ; and was oliliged to keep garrison 
with til? Regiment at Lake Cli;unj)lain, from December, 177G, to 
A]M-il, 1777, and to ])erfc)riii oilier bcrvices in troublesome times, 
until IJurgoyne's surrender. 

Some years before his death lie was afllieted with symptoms of 'S 
pulmonary disease, whieli were much aggravated Ijy his incessant 
attention to his daughter, who died of eoiisumpiion. In Seplembcr 
of 1S14 he visiifd die "springs," in company wilh Dr. Partridge, 
without benefit, indeed, to his injury ; I'or it was with dillieully that 
he returned, on account of his increasing weakness. The day 
Ijefore his death, he had so far recruited that he rode to Lee on 
horseback, visited liis son's family, and returned, not complain- 
ing of fatigue. The day he died, he was abroad in the morning. 
Dr. Partridge adds, " Two friends called on us from New York, and 
as we sat at dinner, in social conversation. Dr. Sergeant sudtlenly 
rose, and a stream of blood issued iVom his moutli. I instantly 
sprang to him, and he fell lifeless into my arms, without a gasp. 
Thus expired my dear friend, under whose roof I hail resided from 
my twentieth year, then forty thre(> and a half years, and more than 
forty of them harmoniously visiting each other's patients, as neces- 
sary to their satisfaction and our accommodation." 

Dr. P. adds, "//<c//^5/'''! 'M^^'il i^"') l^'J^-"' 



n.— DIl. HORATIO .10X1 ;.S OF STOCK BRIDGE. 

This able and distinguished jdiysician, the pujiil and associate of 
Dr. Sergeant, (No. I.,) was the son of Capt. Josiali Jones, and 
grandson of Mr. .iosiali Jones, who, in 17o7, emigrated from Wes- 
ton with Col. Ephraim Williams of Newton, and settled with their 
families in Slockbridge. This sacrifice they cheerfully made, wilh 
the benevolent intention of aiding the mission, then recently com- 
menced among the Ilousatonic Indians. 

])ii. Jo.NKS was born at Sloclvbridge, in 1770. Li early youth lie 
manilested the same energy and decision of characlcr for which 
he was so much distinguished in riju'r years. Having commenced 
his collegiate education at Yale College with ilallering prospects ; 
and, jierliaps, in his ambition to excel, pursuing his studies with an 
intensity of application dispro]iorlionate to his po\\er of endurance, 
his health became impaired, and he was attacked with a disease in 
his eyes, which threatened a total loss of sight. In these cin-um- 
stances, in accordance with the recommeiidalion of his medical 
advisers, he for a lime enlirely reliiKpiisin-d his lilerarv imrsuits. 

Instead of yielding to ho))eless despondency, hov.'i'ver, lie deter- 
mined to |)ursue an active life ; and sul)sliiuting a knapsack' for his 
classics, he weni wilh a company of surveyors to die Clenesec 
couiilry, New York', to assist in laying <n!l lands. He was thus 
exposed to all tlu' Iiardshii)s incident to that mode of life, camping 
out in the wilderness, living upon the coarsest fare, and not unfre- 
(piently making a hollow log his lodging place for the night. 



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lS-17.] Deceased Phi/sic tents in Massachi'sells. G3 

In due time he rcfovcrcd liis IkwIiU and sii^lit, and once more 
resumed liis studies, but not at college. I'laeiiii^' liiiii-tlf under 
the instruclion of I3r. Sergeant in lii.s native town, lie eouipleleil llie 
usual term of medical pu])ilage. At a sub^eijuent period he 
attended a course of medical hxtures at l-'hiladelpliia. 

He lltst comuu'uced the practice of his profe.sr^iou at Plttsfield, 
where he was much resjiecled. J^ut at length linding, as he 
expressed it, that there were i/iorc jihijsic'taits lliaii, hiisimss in tliat 
place, he determined to remove. His decision being known to l)r. 
Sergeant, then advancing in lilc, who was de.-irous of linding some 
suitable jierson to lake his place as an opt'rating surgeon, ho with 
his friend J)r. Partridge earneslly solicilctl Dr. Jones to settle in 
Stockbridge, Willi ihis invitation he evcniually complied, and 
while he lived, the medical inlercouise of the three physicians was 
most harmonious. 

Under these auspices he was soon iulroiluccd into a wiile circle 
of business, not only in Slockbridge, but in all the neighboring 
towns. liis rc'putalion was not eplieuuTal, but constantly in- 
creased, as he advanced in life; and lils advice was much sought 
and highly apprcuaated by his medical brethren. In l'^()! he was 
elected a Fellow of the .Massiiciiusetts Abnlical Society, and in 
1810 received Irom Williams College the honorary degree of M. A. 
Such was Dr. Jones, — a man ])ossessed of rare endowments, 
and eminent in his profession. In the language of Dr. Partridge, 
from whom most of the facts relating to him have Ix'cn olitaincd, 
" he was a good o])era1or in surgery, active, jileasant, social, very 
popular, and indefatigable by night and by day to give relief in 
cases of distress and danger."' 

In the winter of ISI^-IG, an alarming and fatal epidemic jirc- 
vailed extensively in New Kni^dand. During its prevalence, Dr. 
Jones was incessantly occupictl in attendance upon the sick. At 
length the fears of his friends respecting him were realized. He 
was suddenly prostrated, and, after an illness of only eight ilays, he 
died, April 20, 1M:5, aged 43 year.-. 

His funeral was attended by a great concourse of jxM'sons from 
Stockbridge and the adjoining towns. The Rev. Dr. Hyde of Lee, 
Vv'ho preached his funeral sermon, from Job xix : '21, speaks of i)is 
death as a public calamity. '■ Ivarely," savs he, "has ilie town, or 
even the county, experienced a greater shock in the death of a 
citizen. His renmval in the midst o( his usefulness is an unspeak- 
able loss to the community." 

His tjeath is rei)resi'nted to have In-cii (MuituMUly ]ieaceful. Al- 
though lu! had not made a public prore>>.ioii oi his lailli, he I'xpe- 
rieiiced a great chatige in his reliL^'ious feelings during ilie winliT 
prei-eding his tlealh. lie gave to those who best knew him, s;uis- 
iactorv evidence of pielv. 

hi liis intercourse with his medical bri'thren, he v.-as courteous 
and unassumiii!/. All the duties of domestic and social lil'o he 
(jiscliarired with lidelitv and aeceptaiice, J lis mind was v.cll baU 



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Biographical Xu/iccs of Deceased PItijsicians. 



[Jan, 



ancod and highly cultivated. He sympathized in tiie most unaf-* 
fecled mannei* with the sick who thought his aid, and by his kind- 
ness and gentleness alleviated the sull'crings and won the alFectioiis 
of his jjalienls, even in those cases where medical and surgical skill 
could atlord only a temporary ;md [)artial relief. 

Extracts from the sermon of J)r. Hyde were publislud in the 
tenth volume of the Pano[)list ; al.-o, an interesting notice of his 
death and character, by Kev. Jared Curtis, in the I'^armcr's IIiTald. 
See also a nu-moir recently prepared and published by ])r. S. S. 
William-:, in his Medical Biography, a work which cannot fail to 
interest I Ik,' medical reader, and is an able sequel to the volumes of 
the late Dr. Thatcher on the same subject. 



k 



III.— DR. ANDREW rvIACKIK OF WAJIEIIAM. 

Dh. iMackii; was the son of Di: ,Jo\\n INIackie, who came from 
Scotland, and settled at Soutliampton, ]j. T. lie v/a^ Ijorii at 
Southampton in 174"3 ; studied medicine with his father, and set- 
tled as a physician at AVareham, .Ms., v.diere, for inany years, he had 
an extensive practice in medicine and surgery. He also had the 
rej)utalion of liaving been unusually successlid in tlie treatment of 
the smallpox. 

He was a devoted ami active Christian, a member of the church, 
and for many years he sustained the olTn-e of a deacon. 

He had ten children, of whom four sons and three daughters 
lived to adult age. Three of his sons studied medicine. 1. John, 
who graduated at Brown l^niversity in ISOO, received the degree 
of M. I)., and settled at Providence, R. I., \Ahere he died, in rV'bru- 
ary, iSoo, at the age of 52 years. He was eminent as a surgeon. 
2. Peter, a Fellow of the Massachusetts Medical Society, now a 
physician at AVareham. 3. Andrew, from whom the above-naiued 
facts were obtained, born in ITOl', graduated at Brown University, 
1SL4, an<l received the degree of M. D., 1S17. He first settled at 
Plymouth, l:)ut is now a physician of good reputation in New 
Bedford, and is a P^ellow of the .Massachusetts Aledical Society. 

Dr. ]\Iackie, the particuhu- suljject t)f this notice, died at AVarc- 
haiu, of a pulmonary disease, A[)ril, 1^17, aged 75. 






JOHN LEVERETT, AVH.LTAAI BRATTLE AND JAAIES 

OLIVER. 

These tlireo distinguished seliolars of New England were all born 
in lioston, educated at the same school, admitted into Harvard 
College the same year, took their degrees at the same time, [Ib'r^O,] 
all settled in Cambridge, one an attorney at law, one a clerLryman, 
and the other a physician, and all i-minent in their professions. 
The first two \vere I'ellows ol" the Ixoyal Society in laiiiland. 



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l^\7.] Extract from a Letter of Hon. IVU/iani Cranch. G-J 



EXTRACT FROM A LETTER OF HON. WILLIAM 
CRANXII OF WASHINGTON, D. C. 

The followinsr is an extract from a letter of Jiuli^'e Crancli to the Editor. 

" Amon:^ some oltl papers of my father, I foiinii a letter from the Kev. Wil- 
liam Clark, dateil (Jiiiiiey, Aug. 10. 1X03, in which ho savs, 'J\Ir. William 
Wiiithrop of Cambri(J:^e has, for soino time pa>t, been en'^'ai'ed in a pur.-uit 
rather extraordinary, vi/., to investiL'at(> the followinij particulars of everyone 
who has received a de;^roe at Ilarvaul Colle;^e, fiom the lirst foundation of that 
University in li;4S to the present time ; vi/., the origination or where born, his 
professional business or employment, his place of re-^idence, time of his death 
and age ; also any thing remarkable in their lives and characters ; where such 
malterscan be ascertained.' A:,'ain, Mr. Claik says, 'In his (Mr. Wiuthrop"s) 
next letter he opeiu'd his design to me : anil with respect to the chrLry in 
particular, when the Catalogue was printed in IT'.iT, the whole number of grad- 
uates then being 3r>;t:?, of which number iho-e who had been, or then were, 
settled ministers of the Cospel amounteil to 1 Iv!! ; of this number, he informed 
mo he had ascertained the places of settlement, and other particulars of 1117, 
so that there were but 4 remaining unasi-iMtained, vi/., Julia Slun, HiVQ — J<j<i pli 
Gerrisli, 1700 — Xuye^ Paris, 1721 — of these 2 la^t, however, he iiives xunc 
proof, that he was not wholly tle-^titute of >ome intelligence about them. But 
what is most surprising was, that of the 1 aljuvr menlitjued unasci-rtained 
persons, myself brouLiht U[) the rear ! lie had never heard where I oliiciated 
Defore tlic revolution, though it was no further from him than JJnlhum, where 1 
lived ten years! — I wrote him fully of myselt", and various others, whom ho 
has since desired information of; only there wore 2 of the hi-t mentioned, that 
I knew very little about, whose names I mentioned to you : vi/., whether Cur- 
jicUits A'j/c, wlio graduated in 171S, was not the same person who xvas a school- 
master in Hraintree, and who was somewhat (li<liugui>hed fur his witty talents? 
If so, did he ever pursue any otlier employmi'nl than keepiuir schocil ? Skcp- 
ard Fiskj who graduated in 1721, and lived at Ibaintree. his employment, 
decease and age ! If you could without inconvenience to yourself, collect any 
thing certain of these "2 persons, or either of them, and put it in wiitini; and 
send it to me, it would be thankbdly received. I expect to have occasion to 
write to Mr. Wiuthrop shortly, and shouhl be happy to tran-init any lliinir so 
agreeable to him, as any discovery of tliis kind, whose mind seems to bo 
intensely lixiul on this pursuit.' 

" Mr. Clark al'terwanls sent to my father the following extracts from Mr. 
Winlhrop's letter to him, dated Oct. I'o, ISOIJ. 

" ' I feel myself greatly obliged to you, as well as to Judge Cran.di. (Judi'e 
Richard Cranch,) for the information contained in your la-t letter with its 
inclosurcs. I have long since heard of that gentleman's researches into the 
antirpiities of this country, and concluile he must be possessed of a large fund 
of information upon that subject. Is then* no way that I can avail myself of 
it to promote my plan f 

'' ' Finiling by your letter that you suppo-^e that Mr. Sheppard, who was settled 
at Camliridi:e, and who was an eminent minister in that day, was the same 
that graduated in 1(153, I inclose you some memorandums respecting that 
familv, which may, [ierhaps, be gratifyinir to the Juilge as well as to your-^eltV 

"The post-cripl is in these; words: — ' I will thank you to pr(\';ent my respects 
to Juilge Cranch, when you have a couvenii'nl oppoiiiinily, and iid'orm him that 
I feel myself nndt>r great obliirations lo him l<jr his information res|)ecting 
IMessrs. \ye and Fiske ; and that any further enmnmnicalions he will pleaso 
to make to me, 1 sh.dl mo^t gratefully acknou ledLie." '"' 



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) Lcllcrfrom Rev. John WcJrond to Rev. W 



Waldrun. [Jan. 



let'I'kt; F^v0^r 



\..V: ''^'^'^^^ RKV. JOHN WALUOM) o I' OTTFUY F\r; TO RFvl 

AMLLIAM WALDKOX. MIMSTKK OF IM )ST. )\ (nd 1;kV)1 H£ir | 

'"" SECRETAlii' \VALDJ;o.\.' 



OF 



'Re\ 



AND UEAU Sirt, 



OrxEiiY, March S, 1725-«. 



voM rvl,^ „^ 1 1, ^'/^■^=^^'''yi''"'i^^>itsurpri>p to ii,(Mo r.N^rlve.i Letter fronji 

you V ho ,m ,„uht are c th. s,un,. .\a,n,. a,.,! Farn.ly w.l!, .ny.-ll, tho' a letter iV^ 

i'atL!rTlTo''use' "' ' ' ^'^ ^"'- •""'"■^'^ ^''"'^"-■'" "' >'^"' ^^^' ''"^ »*-' 1^'^^' i" Pwi 

wllpn;-rv'!';"''' ""/'° ^■'"'l",''?'^''^""^ ""^ Soinersotshiro Branch of our Family, from' 

m s lw.V "■' J^'^ccmled.but cannot exactly .l.tcrmine. tho' I am apt to th dIc it 

•ho hTl '" Tr "V'^r' ir ^-■"'l'^^'^"". "'■ ^^l"^'!'. one\va. Waln.,,;i, of lUbrcwm 

W ''"''''^7 /'^^ '""'"-1 I'^'m.ls 1... Annun, or ,naro, ruui the other WalrondVf 

loo ", ; ' 'c t"'^^''^"! ^ ''" ^"^'^ ^^-^^ ^"- ^■'''•■. lt'^- '"I'nor ; both of them degenerated into 
nWe uv.M r^v'"'^' '".Cl'arles .Ms Rei.n.. and both mined their Kstate. and dyed poo^ 

senteV K f ^ ?'"' "''\''- ^^•'''■""^' "'' '"^'-"-^'^ ^vas a gr..at persecutor of the Dis^ 
senteis, hut in the conclusion wanted bleach 




a verv n,o„^ ' <"' "'"'"l "'the J.anuly to this Day; The last Gentleman that dyed ^Sia^ 
Couur^r I ^'1'' "'"'"' *^'^' >^v years of A,e and an excellent Magistrate in hi, ^ 
Sl?i ?:,• , '7'' '^ anytime lead three hundred Freeholders, to the Flection of a 
^"i" '»'""I)I; liiit his son is dei:eneiatt ' " 



unl very wicked: I coiiveisi: 
-ion. 



d nuu-li with the 



old fJentleman, but this is no Friend to mv noiesM 

ilies ,n s',*?""";'',*';'""^' '''""' ^^^^""'^■l^' 'll"»-e in this county (beside those two fam. 
•hch Rr , r' T ""?""""-l) Nvhich is seated at y;.n^, in the East of Devon, 

honl,IPn,n' '"■"'"= I'""' "'' ^b" ^''""'^ ■' "^ r"^ ^'"'■■''' ""^^ "«^^- '"'''^^i's ^t least, a 

tier ei in V I V" r ""';.'",'. .^ '"' •''^" '''^* .lo.^enerated and become like other Gen- 
he S.'fvi ^'r' ' •^''^""" '.";'>""'■ '^ ^''"'"^^ 'l"'^^ Sone. out of the Familys of 

uie uentry, tiy .Means ol a loose an.l luenlions Cler"v 

i never coiihl (im! n.ivr.r.iM,. V „ :., „ii i'. i . P i . - .. ,., „ . , 

le 

ch 
le 



W'lic H, l:""" n Sl^'"""s %«n,/o;',Vo>. Lhiptnc JhigVaancic ; toward tlie end of 

I nni r',] '" ^>';'^'"">.'"/""i. he has the word Walarand, o/,'m l>r.u,un,u„ .nn,r Cog. 

1 c ! : '" ^"-f ^\--";-N.'-/--." Ivan.., Smnu., volruc sn.nn,,. , c, ..i r/v/>n^ 

Icile ul VV"'^'''- ;^-'l' ""■'"" ";—„,, -./.,a-0,..«/«\Valarand. I have ran- 

sciined what he says le^t ilie R,,,,!,- .1,,.,,1,1 ,..,. i „, ,..:^u t ._.r _, _ .... 




let meV ,n:! ''■\' '"V> ""-:,'^""'^ ^'"'^'I'l "-" I'e common with vou. I wish yc- h 
iilr r 1 ' !" ^y^' 'anuly your Gran.llather married, for that miirht peihans u. 
n ™ r . '"■^"- """ ^^'i^^'ry; however I will examine farther, and take the li 




ol the Harvest prosper yon and ma 

are of one Family, Faith and I'rofes 

^ve should never see each otheis face on l-aith 

excite us both, to work the Works, of him that 

Inive a comfortable Ucciuiem IV 



shall 



come, with which 1 conclnd 



.ord 

; you a bnrninir and a shimiiir Ei-ht. 'Vou and I 

Eel us ii.iilu'ulailv juay for each other, the' 

(Ml that the God (d" all Grace, may 

nl us while it is Day, that we may 

111 our Eaborj at la^t, and he accepted, when our Lord 



"To the Rev. Mr. William -Waldro' 
i\Iinister in llo.-iou." 



Sir, '^'our aflect : K 



\insman a 



id Serv't, 

oll.N \\'.\I,1!0.\D." 



XoTi:, 



iir in ih,.- l.iM p;iri ..f ilir IrUiT, llio wc.rdi were wi.rn cm in :lie ori-iiuil. 



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Form of a Fainilij rwylstcr, 



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B' FOILM OF A FA^IILY REGISTER. 


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July. 

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June. 


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July. 

25 1 


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(_)ct. 


B. n ■ ' ' ■ . ■ 

July. 


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20 


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11. 1 J 

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' 1797 


42 


34 14 12 10 S 4 


Mar. 


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1799 


44 


30 16 


14 


12 


10 


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11 


4 2 


1S02 47 


30 


10 ^'-jY''- 15 13 


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1809 


54 


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32 


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29 


1831 


n. 1 71 

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40 


47 


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43 41 


39 


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1847 


84 


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02 





58 


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\ 

■y A Family Recortl on UiLs plan may be cxtemlcil .so as to inchulc two, three, o; 

:more families, and contain all the biiths, marriages and dcath.s which have hap- 
pened, ni* to the date of its formation. The figures in the lirst column denote 
the year of l)irth, marriage, or deaih; the other columns show the ages of every 
individual at the time of any birth, mairinge, or death, of every other individua. 
couiprehended within the limits of the Table. 



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CcncaJo"-ics. 



Jan.l 



GENEALOGIES, 

CHASE FAMILY. 



PRETAUED BY ZOSllV.K COrFIN, M. A. 

Among the oaily settlers of New EnirlaiKl, were three persons by"^ 
the name of Chase; namely, William, Thomas, and Aquila. The first^ 
setlled in Yarmouth, and there died, in IGJ'J, leaving two sons, Benja. !^ 
min and William. The last two were certainly brothers, as appears 
from a deed given in 1GG7 by Aquila to " the sons of his brother^ 
Thomas." The name is found in various places ia English history, -,f 
from the time of William the Conqueror to the present time. Thus, ' 
we find in 132G a family of that name ia Suffolk; a Thomas Chase,' 
who was barbarously murdered in loOG; a Sir Robert Chase, Knight,;^ 
in the West of England, 1G2S; a Sir John Chase in E.xeter, prior to ^J 
1G37; a John Chase, Esq., Apothecary to Queen Anne, 1G90, lVc. See, 
Magna Britannia, Lysson's London, Polwheles' Devonshire, and other "^ 
works. 

Thomas' and Aquila' Chase were among the first settlers of Hampton, ", 
N. II., in IGJ'J. Thomas' there married Elizabeth Philbrick, daugh- J 
tor of Thomas Philbrick. lie d. in 10-32, leaving live children, all 
sons ; namely, 

T. Thomas," b. 1G13, d. a bachelor, Oct. 23, 1714. 
II. Joseph,- b. 1G1.5, m. ]^achel Partridge, Jan. 31, 1C71, d. Jan. 12,- 
1716. 

III. Isaac,- b. 1G17, m. Mary Perkins of Hampton, d. May 0, 1727. 

IV. James,- b. 1G19, m. Elizabeth Green, Sept. 2, 1G75, and d. , 

V. Abraham, b, 1G51, was not married, and "wasslaine in y' warres," 

1G7G. Elizabeth, the widow of Thomas' Chase, married John Gar- -^ 
land, Oct. 2G, lG-31, who died Jan. 4, 1G71. She then married Judge -^^ 
Henry Iloby, Feb. 19, lG7f, and died Feb. 11, 1G77. 

The children of Josc'ph- and Rachel Chase were as follows: 

I. Hannah,'* b. June 6, 1G72, d. June 10, lG7t. 
II. Elizabeth,'^ b, March 1 1, 1G71, d. Sept. 6, 1G7-5. 

III. Jonathan.^ b. March 11, 1G7G, and drowned, Feb. 1, 1G9G. 

IV. Anne,3b. Jan. 11, 1G77, m. Sinkler. 

V. Elizabeth,'' b. Feb. 11, 1GS5, m. Benjamin Hilliard. 

VI. Rachel,'* b. April 27, 1G67, m. Jacob Freeze. 

The children of Isaac- and jNlary were as follows : ' 



I. Thomas.Mj. 1G77. 

IL Rachel,'^ b. 1G78. 
HI. Isaac.Mx 1G81. 
IV. Abi-aliam,« b 1G83. 

V. Mary,^ b, lGb7. 
VI. James,'' b. IGSS. 



VII, Joseph,^ b. 1GS9, m. Lydia 

Coliin, 1711. 

VTIT. Jonathan.-' b 1G91. 

IX. Hannah,M.. 1G9.3. 

X. Sarah,-' b 1G9.3. 

XI. Priscdia,^ b. 1G97. 

XII. Elizabeth," b. 17U3, d. 1719. 



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CicncaloiJics. 



GO 



t The cliilclreu ofJaincs- and Elizabeth Cliasc were as fullows : 

I. AI)i-ail.' b. Aug. 27, IGi^l, m. John Chase*' of Newbury. 
II. Dorothy,-' b. March 17, 1060, ni. John Chapman, iMarch'lG, 170-j. 
III. JMary,' b. Feb S, 1C.8S. 

Aqiiila^ Chase, brother (0 Thomas^ Chase, m. Anne Wheeler, daughter 
of John Wheeler of Hampton, removed, in IGIG, to Newbury, where 
he d., Aug. 29, 1G70, aged 52. His widow, Anne, m. Daniel JNIiissi- 
loway, June 11, 1G72, and d. May I'J, IGbrf. The children oC Aijuila' 
and Anne Chase were as follows: 



I. Sarah,Mj. 



-, m. Charles Annis, IMay 1-5, IGGG. 



II. Anne,- b. July G, 1C17, ni. Thomas Jiarber, April 27, 1G71. 

III. Triscilla,- b. ]March 11, IGl'J, m. Abel Merrill, Feb. 10, 1G70. 

IV. Marv,' b. Feb. 3, iGol, ni. John Stevens, :\Iarch 9, IGGO. 
V. Aiiuila,- I). Sept. 2G, 1GG2, m. Esther Bond, rib. 1G73. 

VI. Thomas,' b. Jidy 2o, ICJl, m. Ilebecca FoUansbee, Nov. 22, 1G77. 
Vn. John,- b. Nov. 2, 1051, m. Elizabeth Bingley, May 2J, 1G77. 
VIII. Elizabeth,-' b. Sept. 13, IG.37. 
IX. Faith,- b. March IS, IGGO, d. May '^0, 1G7G. 
X. Daniel,- b. Dec. 9, IGGl, m. Martha Kimball, Aug. 2';, 1GS3. 
XL IMoses,- b. Dec. 21, 1GG3, m. Anne Foliansbce, Nov. 10, IGSL 



The children of Arjuila" and Esther Chase were as follows: 

I. Esther,^' b. Nov. 18, 1G7'1, ni. Daniel I\Ierril!. 
II. Joscpli,' I). March 25, 1G77, m. Abigail Thurston, Nov. 8, ICOQ. 

III. Priscilla,'' b. Oct. 15, IGjsi, m. Joseph Hills, 1701. 

IV. Jemima,^ b. , a spinster. 

V. Eebecca,^ b. , m. Jonailmn Moulton, L^ec. 5, 171G. 

VI. Anne,'' b. , m. Abraham Foulsham, Oct. 27, 1703. 



VII. Hannah,^ b. 
VIII. Abigail,'' b. 



— , in. Josc|ih Hoyt. 
-, m. Joseph llobinson. 



The children of Thomas" and rtcbccca Chase were as follows 
I. Thomas,3b. Sept. 15, IGSO, m. Sara 



IT. Jonathan,^ b. Jan. 13, 1G83, m. .Toanna Palmer, 1703. 
HI. James,^ b. Sept. 15, 1GS5, m. Martha Rolfe, Dec. 17, 1707, 
IV. Aquila,^ b. July 15, 1G&3, m. Mary Smith, 1712, d. 171-1. 
V. Iluth,^ b. Feb. 28, 1G91, m. Nathaniel Mdler of Kehoboth, May 
20, 171 G. 

VI. INTary,'' b. Jan. 15, 1G95, m. Ilorton. 

VIT. Ilebecca,'' b. April 2G, 1700. in. Stephen Moulton, Dec. 11, 1721. 

VIH. Judith,' b. , ni. ll.Mtou. 

IX. Lizza,-^ b. , ni. Benjamin Bogers, Aug. 17, 1732. 

X. .Tosiah,' b. .Tuly 15, 1G97, d. young. 

, XI. Nathan,^ b. , 1702, m. Judith Sawyer, Nov. 29, 1723, then 

Joanna Cheney, Dec. 30, 1710, and tlicn lluth Davis, June 
9, 17G3. 
Thomas^ Chase m. for his second wife Elizabeth INIooers, Aug. 2, 1713. 



* Son of John Cliase, and grandson of Aquila Cimse ui Newbury. 



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O'J-ICS. 



[Jan." 



The cliiMion of .Tolin- and Klizabeth Chase were ns fuHows: 
J. AViMiam,^ 1). Jan. .*], 1G7"J. 
H. riuHiv' I,. Sept. 2J, IG-S, m. IMary Fullansl)ce, April 17, 1712. 
III. Charles' b. Jan. 12, U) 'JO, and m. Ilep/.ibah Carr, Jn!v IJ, 17M. 

J\^. Jacob,' b. , m. Juanna Davis, Awr, LM, 171G 

V. Abraham,'' b. , m. Jluth Morse, Nov. IG, 17 IG 

VI. Phcbe,'' b. , m. Tucker. , ; 

VII. Mary,"* b. , ni. Joseph Saflbrd, July 30, M^S 

V III. Lydia,' b. , in. William Blay, Nov. 5 17-M 

IX. Klizabeth.'' b. . ' ■ 

X._ John,' b. , m. Abigail Chase of Hampton, N. II. 

John- Chase m. Ibr his second wife Lydia . 

XI. David,' son of John and Lydia, b. Oct. 2U, 1710. 

The children of Daniel- and ^Martha Chase were as follows : 

I. Martha,-' b. An- 18, IGSl, m. David Lawson, An- ?, 171G 
TI. Sara.' b. Jnly 18, IGSG, m. Francis Danlbrd, Nov."l7 'l7M ' 
J 1 1. Dorothy,' b. Jan. 21, 1GS9. 

l\\ Isaac,' I). Jan. I'J, IGOl, ni. Hannah Eerrv, Oct. 29, 1710 
}. Ly^li-V b. Jan. I'.), 1G'J3, ni. William Evans, Jan. 30, 17 IG 
\ I. xVehc'tabel,^ b. Jan. 19, 109.:, m. Tnnolhy Osgood of Salisbury, 
Nov. 19, 171 J. ^ 

XU. •T>ub-th, h. hVb. l<j, 1G97. m. John Tattle of Lebanon, 1713. 
V lib Abner;^ b. Oct. 1,3, 1G99. 
IX. Daniel,' b. Oct. 1-7, 1702, m. ]\Tarv Carpenter, .Tan.. 1723 and 
for his second wife, Klizabeth Collins of Salivburv Feb 
172('>. - ' 

X. Enoch,' b. , m. Judith Colby 17'^G 

^Tn^V}- /'■''• ^' ^^'^^- "'' ''''^'^^^' ^^■^^'^^^■■' ''!• Josiah Heath of Haver- 
nill, 1 / lo. 

The cliildren of Moses- and Anne Chase were as follows : 

I. ,i \ Moscs,^ b. Sept. 20, IGS-j, d. yonni?. 
H. H [ Daniel,^ b. Sept. 2U, IC-.l, m. Sarali :\Tarcli, Jan. 2 170G 
ID. .Closes.'' b. Jan. 20, 1G^8, m. Eh/abetli Wells. Oct. 2 1709 
IV. Samuel,' b. May 13, IGOo, m. Hannah Emery, Dec. S, 1713. 
V. Ehzabetli.^ b. Sept. 2o, 1G93. 
Jl. Stephen," h. Aug. 29. 1G9G, m. Sarah Hale, Dec., 1717. 
VH. Hannah,' b. Sept. 13, 1G99, m. Timothy Jackman, April 9, 1723 
VIII. Joseph,' b. Sept. 9, 1703, m. Marv Morss, Sept. 7, 1721 
IX. I3cnoni;' I). April G, 1708, m. Mary Hogers, Sept. 1, 1728 
i.Ioses- Chase m. for his second wife, Sarali'Jacobs of Ipswich, 1713. 

The children of Johir^ and Abigail^ Chase of Hampton were as 
lollows : ^ 

I. James,* b. July 28, 1G9S. 

II. Jonathan,-' 1). Sept. 21, 1700. 
IH. Elizabeth,-' b. April 13, 1703. 
IV. Elihu,-'b. Sept. 7, 1705. 

y. John,-' b. Sept. 18, 170^, and m. Anna Famlet, March 27, 1729. 
\I. Hannah,-' b. May 10, 1711. ... , 



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\^[7.] ' drncnJo'rics. ' 71 



DUDLEY FAMILY. 

Thomas Dudley, sou of Capt. lloger Dudley, was born in England 
in lo7G; came to New England in u;;JO ; was several years (Jovernor 
of Massaehusctts Colony, and died at rvoxbury, July ;J1, lOjiJ, a-^'^d 77. 
His first wife, or the one who came with him, died in I'll:;. Samuel, 
Anne, ratience, ami .Mercy were probably children by her. He mar- 
ried again before 1()1<3, and had by his second wife live children more. 
His children by bolli wives were as follows : 

I. Samuel, b, in England, IfiOn, who was a minister ai;d was m. to 
IMary ^Viulhroi» about K":):!, and had children, — 

]. Thomas, bapt. ?ilarch 9, If.,!!, grad. II. C. IGol, d. Nov. 
7, in-35. 

'J. John, bapt. June 2S, 10.35. 
3. Samuel, bapt. AuL^ 2, l(»;iO, d. April, IGlo. 
•L Anne, b. Uct. lii, KUl, who m. IMward Hilton and liad 
children, W'inthrop, Dudley, Joseph, and ulhers. 

0. Theophilus, b. Oct., IGll. 

G. .^lary, b. Aitrd 21, I GIG., d. Oct. 2S, IGIG. 
7. I5iley, b. Se[)t. 27, 1GI7. 
S. iMary 2nd, b. Jan. G, 1GJ9. 
]Mary, the 1st wife of llev. Samuel Dudley, d. at Salisbury, 
(where the -Itii. oth, Gih, 7th, and bth children were born,) Aiuil 
12, lGi;i. He d. at Exeter before jMarch 20, lGr:>;i, a. 77. His 
settlement in the ministry there was in 1G50. 
II. Anne, who ui. G^)\'. Simon Jhatlstreet. She had 6 children and 
d. Sept. IG, 1G72. 

III. ralieuce, who ni. Maj. Hen. Denison. 

IV. iMercy, who m. Rev John \\'(Jodbri(.lgc. She was b. Se[)t. 27, 

lG21,"and d. July 1, IGl'l, a. 70. 

V. , who m. .'Maj. Reniamiu Keavne of Boston, v.-ho d. IGGS. 

VI. Dorothy, wlio d, F(;b. 27, IGi:], 
VII. Deborah, b. at Uoxbury, JM'b. 27, 1GI;1. 

VIII. Joseph, 1). Sept. 2:J, 1G17, who was (Joveruor of Massachusetts, 
and m. a daughter of I'Mward Tyng, and had ehildien, — 

1. Thomas, b. at lloxbury. Deb. 2G, lGGii-70, grad. II. C. 
1G-.5. 

2. lulward, b. at Roxbury, Sept. -1, 1G71. 

?,. Paul, b. at Roxbury, Sept. 3, 1G7-1, grad. H. C, IGOO. He 
was a Tutor and i'^ellow of the College, and aho, Fellow of 
the Royal Soricty in Ihu'laud and Chief Justice of Massa- 
chusetts. He tl. Jan. 21, l?.'!, a. 7-3. 
' 4. Samuel, b. at Roxbui-y, Sept., 1G77. 

5. John, b. a'. Roxbury, Feb. 2--, 1G75-70. 

G. Rebecca, b. I\Iav io, iG-^l.who m. Samuel Sewall, Jr., 
. find d. April 11, 17Gl,"a. 70. 

7. Catharine, b. Juno 2, 1GS3. 

S. Ann, b. Aug. 27, 1G^I. 

y. William, b. Oct. 20, IG^G, who grad. H. C. 170 1, and m. 
eldest dau. of Judge Davenport, IMarch Id, 1721, and was a 
colonel. lie had two sou.-,; Thomas, who grad. H C. 17o0, 
and .Joseph, who iz:rad. II. C. 17ol, was an Atlorn.jy at Law 
in Boston, and d. Sept. 27, 17('i7, a. 3J. 



It 



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72 



Ejii/itjilis. 



[Jan. 



]0. Daniel, 1). Fi;l>, 1, If.-O. 

li. Calhariiie Llnd. 1). Jan. 0, inOO. ' ' " ^^ 

V.i. Mary, 1>. ^vjv. :.', Ui'J:.', wiio m. Francis "Waiinvright, 
who d. 1722, and aftfrwards ni. Joseph Atkins, 1730. 
IX. Panl, h. at Roxljury, Si.'|it. 8, IGoU, who in. IMary Levcrctt, dau. 
of (lov. Ijcvcrelt, and had cliihhcn, — ,. 'ii 

1. Paul, I), at ]?o.slnn, .^hxrch 1, 1G77. ' ' '' "^^ 

2. Thomas, who alone, with one in cx])ccfalion, is men- 
tioned in lii.s will of Feb. 10, 1G81. {L'robatc Records in 

. ^ J)i)\ton, YoL YL p. 3C3.) 

3. One posthumous. 



■ - EPITAFIIS.^ 

Here is intorretl tlu; remains of 

J.vMKS MiNoiT^ l'''^'l) A. IM. aa 

Excelliiii: CrainriiariaM, luiricht'd 

with tlu! CJift of Piayer iiiul Prrachin^, 

a Commanding Oilioer, a Phv-siciau of 

(Jrcat Value, a Great Lover of I'eace 

as well a.s of Justice, and which was 

Ilis greatest (Jlory, a tJent'n of distinti^aished 

Virtue ami (looihie.-^s, hippy in a Virtuoua 

I'usterily, and livini^ Kch'L'iouslv, Died 

Coinfurtahly, Sept. Lli), ITIJ.J, .i^t. S3. 



Here Iye.s the remains of 

Major Jonathan 1'iikscott, Esq., 

a Gentleman of virtue and merit, an accomplisht physitian, 

but excelling in chirurgery. 

Of uncommon sagacity, penetration, and success in his practice. 

and so of very extensive service. 

But his life was much valued, and his ileaUr very generally lamented. 

He married tlu; amiable and only daughter of the 

Honorable Colonel Pktkr IU'i.klky, Estp, 

by whom lie had ten cluldren. 

lie was removed from mini-tring to men's bodies, to the world of spirits, 

October 2Stli_; 17-2II, /]::tali3 sua' 54. 



Here lyes the Body of Rev. IMr. Chkistopiier Toppav, I\ faster of Arts, 
fourth Pastor of the First Church in ISewbury ; a Gentleman of good Learning, 
conspicuous Piety and Virtue, shining both by his Doctrine and Life, skilled 
and greatly improved in the Practice of Physick and Surgery, who deceased, 
July 2:{, 17-17, in the 70th year of his age, and the r)lst of his "Pastoral Odice. 



* Tlu' first two monuinonUi! inscriplions were l.ila-ri fioiii tlic Iniryiiig-yroiiiul in Cuiicord, 
Ms., iiiiJ llio lii'si Olio Iroiii tlic yriivcyiird in Ncwlmry, .M^. 






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IS 17. 



Instances of Lon^tcilij in Belfast, Mc. 



73 



INSTANCES OF LONOEVITV IX BELFAST, ME. 

Tlio n;\mcs of agod persons who dictl in tliis lowii before 1S27, with 
their resiiective ai^es aiiJ llie times of iheir (.Ic'ciise, are here inserted. 

Of these iiulivichitils it lias been said, " Jii Iheir manners ihey 
cxhihiled a model of perfect plainness and siii\plicity, indiealive of 
contentment and a eheerfid disposition ; and so eordi.d "vvas their re- 
ception of those who visited them, tlial with truth it nii^hl be said, 
tliey were given to liosj)ita!ity. Their desfcnchants read the poems of 
liiirns witli a keen relish, and arc enthusiastic admirers of the Scottish 
Bard." 

a'jfnl 8-: 1S17. 
" S-l; \H\<>. 

" ;io '[ \^-2t). 

" S.JilSJl. 

u ;s; - 
'• <Mi' IS-.'-:. 



nf)4. 

1795. 
17t)7. 
1 800. 
1S02. 



James Miller, 

John SlCHJe, 

William iMcLatiiililin, 

^I.irgaret CochiaUj 

John TnftSj 
" Ciiissel Jameson, 
1807. Solon Stevensoiij 
1810, Ahiry Biown, 
181'.i. JaiiU'.s Conlun, 
1815. William Lo\\ii>^y,'P 
1817. Patrick Gilb.'it, 

1S2G. 



" 7:5!i8-j;}. 

'■ 7(r '■ 
'• :s' \R-2a. 

Ai2ue.s Robinson 



John Brown, 
Samuel Houston, 
Jerome Stevenson, 
Kli/abetli Jontjs, 
LaiiL^hlin McDonald,! 
(icoiL'i' Coeluan, 
John ni'.rham, 
James Patterson, 
Jonathan Clark, 
Sii^an Stniti'vant, 
Nathaniel Pattfison, 



age( 


] Ri] 




9-2 




82 




81 




110 




8.5 




74 




80 




7.S 




84 



In the year l.'-^27, there were Ihirteea [lersons living in Belfast, whose 
average age was S:i years, 7 months, and 11 days. Their respective 
names and ages were as follows: 



Samuel Cnnnin^'ham, 


age 


a 88 


Jo]\n l^ur^ess, 


a-ed 92 


AViliiam Cnnnin'.^!uua, 


'' 


8ti 


Nathaniel Slaidey, 


'" 82 


Eobeit Patter-on', 


li 


8.5 


Ale\aii(ier Clark, 


'■ SI 


Jane Patlcison, 


(( 


77 


Klisiui Clark, 


'•SI 


John Cool nan, 


('. 


78 


Tolforil Durham, 


U VI 


Sarah West, 


(( 


80 


Annis Coehran, 


•• 8'J 



Elizabeth Campbell, a-eJ 82. 
The above is an extract from ^\'hile's History of Belfast, Me. 



SCRAPS FROM INTERLEAVED ALMANACS. 

ir.os!. This year arrived 20 shijis ai\d 3,000 passengers. 

March If, 1G17. Mary IMartiii executed at IjosIou for murlhering 
her child. 

Jnnc 15, IGIS. Alicel Jones was executed at Boston for witchcraft. 
This was the first execution of the kind in New England. 

Marcli 20, 1019. Mr. John ^Vinthrop, Gov., dyed. 

Aug. 21, 101'.). Mr. Shepard of Cand). dyed. ' 

Nov. 21, 1070. 12 or 1:5 houses in Charleslown was burnt. 



♦ Mr. I>owiK'y was priiiliialrtl at DiiMm f'v!lc-i'. 

t McnuiKiM vvMs liuni in .Sodllaml, aii'i tiilirid t!iL' nrmv wliile a !'oy ; li;.s a-c is not pos- 
itively a-^rriM.iuuHl. I If ri'ineiiilKTeil liaMii:.' -.-.ii I'm- Puke of MarllMinniirli, ujio ilicd 
ninety-iiirio vi'ar- liol'iirc In- did ; hu (Miiic lo .Viiutum la i icucr.il W^ai-V army m 1 '<'-'• :uid 
nfUT'Qu.'lu'C was rcdiiocd. weiU to I5iHk-;.nrt. and llioiu'o to I'.clf.i-t. The !owe?t ejlii.iate 
Ol' lii> aL'.\ made hy his relalivi'-, ha- ln'cn lakoii. 

} W'liuhrini and others ^ay JLrigj;i_t. 



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74 



Decease of the Fathers of Xciu England. 



[J 



an.', 



DECEASE OF THE FATHERS OF NEW ENGLAND. 

Chronologically arranged. 

]G:jO. 

Awv^. G, Picv. Francis Ilisi^inson d. at Salcm, a. -13. 
Sr|)t. 20, Dr. William Gager, surgcun, d. at Charlcstown. 
Sept. oO, Isaac Johiibon, an Assislant, tl. at Boston. 
Oct. 23, EiUvarcl Ilossitcr, an Assistant. 

1G31-2. 
Feb.. 10, Capt. Robert Weklen d. at Cliarlcstown. 

103 1. 

Aug. 2, Rev. Samuel Skelton d. at Salcm; the first pastor wlio died 
in New England, the term pastor !)cing used in conlradislinetiou to 
teacher. 

1G3J. 

Aug. M, Rev. .Tohn Avery was drowned.' 

1G3G. 
Feb. 3, Rev. John jMaverick of Dorchester d. at Boston, a. GO. 

1C33. 

April — , Nicholas Danforth d. at Cambridge. . ' 

Sept. 14, Rev. John Harvard, founder of Harvard College, d. at 
Charlcstown. 
Nov. 17, Roger Ilarlakcnden, an Assistant, d. at Cambridge. 
Dec. 21, John Masters. 

IGll. 

Aug. 9, Rev. Jonathan Burr of Dorchester d., a. 37. 

Rev. Henry Smith of Wctlicrslield. (Mr. Savage says he 
died in iGiy) 

IGM. 

April 10, Elder "William Brewster of riymoulh d., a. SI. 
July 1, Rev. George Pliillips of Watcrlown. 

Israel Sloughton, an Assistant, d. in England. 

John Atwood, an Assistant of Plymouth Colony. 
Sept. 4, Rev. E[)hraim Ilewett of Windsor, Ct. 
Hon. George Wyllys of llartibrd, Ct. 

• ■, . ' 'v. ' . : ■'■. 1G4G. 

April 12, John Oliver, (II. C. 1015,) d. at Boston, a. 29. 

1047. 
July 7, Rev. Thomas Hooker of Hartford, Ct., d., a. G2. 

(To Ijc continueJ.) 



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IS 17. 



Governor Bradslrcct. 



75 




GOVERNOR 15RADSTREET. 



Simon I'radstukkt, son of a nun-coiifDrininLrminisler, was boin Marcli, 1()03, 
at Ilorhliii, Liiiculnshiri'. His fatlicr liicd whi-ii hi' was foiivtfi'ii yt'ais o'al, ami 
lie was comiiiilted to tlie care of Hon. 'I'lioinas Dmlloy, for eiy;ht years following'. 
Up spoilt one year at l-'mmamirl Collci,"'. Cariibriilge, piirsuiuL; liis stiulies 
nmid-t various iiitcmiptiniis. LcaviiiL; L'aiiiliriJize, he resided in the luniily of 
the Earl of Lineohi. a> liis steward, and alijiwards lived in the same eajKicity 
with the Conntess of Warwick. lie witli Mr. \Viiithrop, Mr. Dudley, and others, 
agreed to eini;,n-ate, and form a SL'ltl.'inenl in Massachnsetls ; and lieini,' 
appointed an Assistant, he wiili his family and others went on bi.ard tlio 
Arbella, March -J',), Hl^O ; anchored. Ji,iie'r:, near Nautnkeak, now Salem, 
went on slmro, but r.-nnied to thi- v^-rl at ni_'!il ; came, on the Hlh, into the 
inner harbor, and went on shore, lie attended the lirst Court, Auir. '2^^, at 
Charlestowii. 

In the sprin-^' of ir,31, Mr. TMadstreet with other gentlemen commenced 
biiildiiiL,' at Newtown, now ("aintirivlue. and his name is amomr those constitut- 
ing llKflirst companv, which settled in that town in UJiii. He resided tliem 
several years. In IG;;!), the Court i:i anted him 500 acres of land in Salem, in 
the next convenient place to Gov. Mndicott's fartii. It appears that he resided u 
short time at Ipswich. 

Mr. Biad.-^treet was among the first settlers of Andover,_and was hi'.:hly useful 
in proiiioliiig the settlement, in hearing the burdens ineiileiU to u new planta- 
tion, and in givimr a riL,dit direction, to its affairs. About the year 16-14, he built 
the first millon the Cochichewick. II- was a selectman from the first record 
of town oliicers to KJTvI, .soon after which, he ijrobably i^pent mo-t of his time 
ill Hoston and Sal.nii. He was the lii.-t Secretary of the colony, and di.--eharged 
the duties of the (Mlice many years. He wa-: one of the lirst CommissioKcrs of 
the United Colonies in lOi:?, and >ci-ved many ye.irs with fidelity and ii-elul- 
ness in this oUice. In IG.'');!, lie with his collcaL'ue vigorou-«ly oppo-cd making 
war on tin; Dutch in .New York, and on the Indians; and it vvas prevent. 'd by 
liis stcadv and conscientious opposition and the dcci-^ion of the (Jeneral Court 
of Massachusetts, tlunigh eariu;stly and strenuously urged by all the Commis- 
sioners of tlie other three colonies. 

He was Deputy Governor from 1G7'2 to 1G79, wlu-n he was elected Governor, 
and continued in oliice till Mr. Josi'pli Dudley, hi- nephew, was appointed, in 
IGSG, head of the administration, and tin.- govcinment was changed and the 
Charter annulled. 



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Governor Bnuhlrrci. 



.Ian. 



.■■» 



("Jov. ■Hrndstivot wa-! porisidonnl at the head r)f the moch-rafe partv ; and, whon 
the Charier was deinaudcd by Kliii.' Ctiaih-.-, h(; thou-hl it bcllL-r that it Lhoul.l 
be surrendered, than that it ahould be lakeu away by jiidgnient, as in lliat ca',L' 
Jt iiiiylit bo more easily resiinieil. 

H-.' >treiiuoiHly oi)posed the arfiitrary pror-ee,]in-s of Atidros ; and when, in 
l^'JS;), the people [)iit down his aiithorily, they ina.hj their old Governor their 
i'resKhnit. He continued at the head ot' the'adininistraliou till :\Iay, Ifi!>-> ril 
the advanced a^re of Hi> years, \vhen .Sir Wdliuni Piiip.s arrived fioin'Kniil.aiul 
wall the new Charter, in whieh Su Wdliam was appointed Governor, and Mr. 
Lradstn.'et first Assistant. Jfe had been in serviee in the -oveniini-iit'.slMv-two 
years, eveeptin^' the sliort adinini-^tratioas of Dudley and Andros. No man in the 
coimtry has continued in so hiudi oliices so mariy years, and to so advanced ai,'8 
as he. He was a popular ma-istrale, an.i was opposed to the witch delusion m 
|G!»J, wnich caused great alarm and distress at the coiurneneement of Gov 
Ihii'd' adrinnistration. " lie lived to be the Xestor of New En-land " for all 
who came over from EuLjland with him, died before him " ' 

Tlie tollowiny inscription is on the monuinent erected in Salem to Gov. 
I5iad.>tieel : 



SIMON BRADSTREET, 

Armi^or. ex or.line Senatoris in Colonia Massnchii=etlensi rdj nnno \C:.\(\ ii<:qiic aJ 
animm lo7;j. Di-inde ad annum IHTH, Vice-( niluMiiator. Deni<iue, ad aiuuini lOSo 
cjii-ik'in cokiniuo, conimuni et constaiui pojuih sulfLi-io, ' 

^. , GUBER.NATOR. 

'\ ir, juihcio Lynccario pracJitus; qiiom ncc nnnnma. noc honos allexit Ep'^is aiic- 
tnrit.ilein. ot pcpidi hhcrlatein, aoiliui iam-e lihravit. Reh-ione coni.ilus viia'innoc- 
uus, nuuKlum et Mcit et de.cruit, :.'7 die -Mart,i, A. D. lu'JT, annoque Guhel 3t E\ et 
A A. 'J-l. 

Gov. Bradstreet was married in England to IMiss Ann Dudley, dau-hler of 
IMr. I homaa Dudlev, when she was sixteen years old. Slie is the most distin- 
truished of the early matrons of our country by her literary powers of which 
proof is mven m a volume of poems, h was dedicat.vl to her father in poetrv 
dated March 20, l(i-l'2. The title of the book is, '• Several poems, compilJd 
with -reat variety ol wit and learninir, full of deli<rht ; wherein especially is 
contained a complete discourse and description of the four elements, constitut- 
ing' aires of man, seasons of tiie yenr, to-elher witli an exact epitome of the 
three iir.st monarchies, viz., the Assyrian, Persian, Grecian, and Roman com- 
monwealth, from the be^nnnin^ to the end of their last kin:^, with divers other 
plea,sant and serious poems. Bv a (reiillewonian of New Enizland." A second 
edition of it was ])rinte.l at Roston, l(i78, bv John Foster^ m a respectable 
12ino of 1^55 pp., and a third edition was published in IToS. The work does 
honor to her education, by her fixvpient allusions to ancient literature and his- 
torical facts, and to her character, as a daimhter, u wife, a parent, and Chris- 
tian. This volume is a real curiosiiy, tlioiiLrh no reader, free from partiality of 
inend.ship, mli,dit coincide with the commendation of her in the funeral eulo'^y 
ol John Norton : "-^ 



i? 



m 



?■? 



'• Could Mini's muse hilt hi'nr her lively slr.nin, 

Ilo would coikIciuii las wiirks to lire as-:iiii ' "• 

.,,-.•,, ******* , , 

>■ ' '' If^f^r lirca-t was a brivp palace, a ///v,„//,,rrr?^ 

^Vheri! all heroic, ani|.li' tiioiiLjIits dill incut, 

^yllc'^c nitiirc liail siu-h a U'lii'iiRMii la'cii, 

That other .souls, to hcr's, dwelt in a lane." 

Dr. ]\Iather, in liis Ma-nalia, pives a liisrh commendation of her "whose 
poems, divers times printed, have atforded a rr,at,.f„l enteilainment unto the 
ingenious, and a monument lor her memory bevoiid the stateliest marbles " 



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13i7. 



S/:ctchcs of Alumni. 



77 



Tlit'Ir c'liiltlien weio as follows : 

1. S.uiiiu;], wlui had two daui^'hti'is b. In Boilon, li)()3, IGGj. 
'J. Simon, who was sutlloJ in tlio miiii-itry in \'jw LutiJoii, Ct. 
'i. Dudley of Andover. 

4. John, who was h. in Andovcr, Jnly 31, 1G52, and eeltlud in Salem. 

5. Ann. who m. Mr. Wig.i^in of Kxder. 

('). Duiothy, \sho m. Rev. ireaborn Cotton, Hampton, Jnne 25, 105 J. 

7. Hannah, who m. Mr. Andn'w \Vi;^':,'in, IvMctiT, Jnne IJ, 1059. 

8. -Mary, who m. Mr. Nathaniel Wade, Nov. 11, lOTJ. 
Mrs. Bradstreet died in Anduver, Sept. 1(3, 1G7'2, aged tiO. 

(Jov. lirailstreet married for his second wife, a .siller of Sir George Downing, 
who was in tiie lirst elass lliat graduated at Harvard College, and was anilia.->- 
sador of Cromwell and Charles II. to Holland. See AhbuCs llmtonj of Andovcr. 



SKETCHES OF ALU.MXI AT TIIE DIFFERENT COLLEGES 
L\ NEW ENGLAND. 



IIOX. WILLIAM CRA.XCII OF WA.': IILXGTON, D. C. 

Jl'dgf, Ckancii was born al llie liou.se of iii^ mollier's failicr, the 
Rev. William Smilh, of Weyniouih, M:;:., July 17, 17(JU ; and \\ as 
baptized by him the Sabbath Ibllowiug, arf appears by the ehureh 
records.=^ He had no brother, but two sisters, and these were older 
than himself. The elder sister, Elizabeth, married the Rev. Jacob 
Norton, who succeeded Mr. Smith in the pastoral oillce. The other 
sister married Mr. John Greenleaf, who resides at Quincy, Ms. 
Mrs. Greenleaf died Feb. iS, 184G. 

Ills father, Richard Cranch, was born in Kingsbridge, near 
Exeter in Devonshire, England, in November, 17:2(), and was ihe 
son of John, the son of Andrew, the son of Richard, all of Devon- 
shire. He was one of six sons, and was bound as an ap[)rentiee 
to a maker of wool-cards ; but, at the age of :20, purchased the 
remainder of his lime, and came to this country in 174G, with C!en- 
eral Joseph Palmer, who had married his sister. Being fond of 
books, he became a learned man, received an honorary degree of 
M. A. from 'Harvard L^niversity, was elected a member of the 
American Academy of Arts and Sciences, sustained several im- 
portant public oiliccs, and was for many years a meniljer of the 
Legislature and a Jntlge of the Court of Common Pleas. He 
died in ISFl, in his 8">lh year. 

His mother was Mary, the eldest daughter of the Rev. William 
Smith of Weymouth, and granddaughter of Col. John Quincy of 
Mount W^oUaston, in that j)art of Brainlree since incorporated by 
the name of C^uincy, in honor of his memory. There is now^ no 
lineal descendant from him of the name of Quincy. 'i"li<' next 
daughter o{ Mr. Smilh was Abigail, w ho liecaine the wife ol the 
late President .lohn Adain> ; and ilie other daughter \\"as ]"'li/a- 

* His jiarciilb" rc5iJe:n.-e at llinl liiiio v.as in Bo'toi!. 



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7S '■ '" ^^hctdies of Alumni ' '■ [J'un. 

I)otli, who married the Rev. John Shaw of IlavcThill, Ms., nnrl 
al'lrr his death, the Rev. Stephen IVahody of Alkiii.Mm, N. II. She 
died April 9, ISIO, aged Go. She had thri-e ehihh-eii by lu-r first 
husband, William Siiiith, Eli/aljeth Qiiincy, and Abigail Adams. 
The son was the j^rineipal fonnder of the Roston Alheiiirnm. He 
was born Aug. l"i, L77S, graduated IT. C. 170S, and died ]>^:jn. 
The first daughter was born ."May I'lJ, ]7S(), ;uid died Sej)!. -l, 1798, 
aged JS. The last daughter is 'the wile of Rev. Jose|)h J3. I'elt of 
this eity. 

The great-grandmother of the subjeet of this elieteh, the wife of 
Col. John Cluiney, who died July 1'5, 1707, was Mary Norton, the 
daughter of the Jlev. John Norton of ningham, whose genealogy 
is distinctly traced back to the lime of William the Conqueror. 

We cannot trace llie ancestors of Judge Cranch's f;Uh(T back 
further than his gramlfathcr's grandfather, 'i'hey all appear to have 
been Dissenters, firm republicans, and honest men, but in humljle 
life. His grandfather, John Cranch, was a farmer and a freeholder; 
the others seem to have been manufacturers of woollens. John 
Cranch, the naturalist, who was, at the recommendation of Sir 
Joseph Banks, sent out in the expedition to Egypt, where he died, 
was his second cousin. His father's mother was Eli/.abctli Pcarse, 
daughter of Christopher Pearse and INIargery Tristc. 

In April, 177'', his father removed from Roston to that part of 
Braintrec now called Quinc}', where he resided until his death. He 
died on the IGth, and his wife on the 17th, of October, 18M, and 
both were buried on the same day, the I9tli. A sermon was deliv- 
ered on the occasion by the Rev. Peter ^Vhitney, which was printed. 
Judge Cranch j:)repared for collegi; under the instruction of iiis 
uncle, the Rev. John Shaw of Haverhill, and entered the Freshman 
class, six months in advance, in February, 1781. Having gradu- 
ated at Harvard College, he, July, 1797, entered the clficc of Judge 
Dawes of Boston, who was then a practitioner in tlie courts of 
iMassachusctts, where he read law three years, and in July, 1790, 
was admitted to practice in the Court of Common Pleas. He 

-opened an oOlee in Braintree, now Quincy, but at the close of the 
first year, upon the death of his relative, ,Tolm Thaxter, l-^sq., Avho 
had been in the jiractice of the law at Haverhill, Ms., he was 
induced by his friends to remove to that place, and take his office, 
and complete his unfinished busitiess ; which, with the confidence 
reposed in him by the Hon. Nathaniel Peaslee Sergeant, then one 
of the Justices of the Supreme Judicial Court of Massaclmsetls, 
who appointed him sole executor of his will, introduced hiiu into 
■ practice, and enabled him to support himself and pay all demand.^ 
held against him. For three years, he attended t!;e courts in Essex 
county in Massachusetts and Rockingham county in New Tlamp- 

; shire, and was admitted to praelice in the Snpieiiie .fudieial Court 

I in July, 1793. 

I In September, 1791, he was employed to su])erin!eiul the allairs 

of Morris, Nicholson, :\\v\ ( !r(_'enleal', under their great contracts in 



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1847.] at the different CuUcg-es in New England. 79 

ihe City of AVashiiigton, to which place lie removed in Oclober of 
that year, and has continued lo reside in that [jlace until the iaefccnt 
linie. 

In April, 1795, ho was connected in marriage with Nancy 
Greenleaf, daughter of the late William Grecnleaf of Lo.ston, and 
moved his wife to Washington, in May. 

They have been the pariMits of 13 children, 3 of whom died in 
infancy. Tlie names of the other ten were 1. William (jreenleaf ; 
S.Richard; 3. Ann Allen; -1. Alarv; 5. Klizabeth Eliot; G. .John ; 
7. Edward Pope ; 8. Christopher Pearse ; 9. Abby Adams ; 10. 
Margaret Dawes. Richard was drowned in Lake Erie, while in the 
discharge of his duty as an assislaut-engineer. surveying the harbor, 
in hisi29th year, unmarried. Aim Allen died in April, l'-^21, of con- 
sumption, aged 22, also unmarri(,'d. Mary married Richard Cranch 
Norton, and died when her llrst child was one week old, in July, 
18:21, aged 20. Her husband died in October of the same year. 

The other 7 children are still living. Elizabeth married Rufus 
Dawes, a son of the late Judge Dawes of Boston. Abby Adams 
married the Rev. William G. Eliol of St. Louis, Missouri, where 
ihey reside and have a number of children. William has been a 
clerk in the Patent OlRce. He was two years at Harvard University ; 
but his delicate health and feeble constitution obliged him to leave 
his studies in his Junior year. The other sons were educated at 
the Columbian College la the District of Columbia. John spent 
three or four years in Italy, in drawing and painting, to perfect his 
knowledge of these bran'ehes, and now resides in Boston, where 
he pursues the employment of drawing and painting. I-'^dward 
Pope is settled in Cincinnati as a lawyer. Christopher Pearse has 
been a preacher of the Gospel, but has lately turned his attention to 
portrait painting, and is now in Italy. Mrs. Cranch deceased 
Sept. 17, 1843. 

In the year 1800, .ludge Cranch was appointed one of the Com- 
missioners of the City o( Washington, wdiich oflice he ri'signcd in 
1801, wdien he was, by President Adams, appointed the junior 
assistant Judge of the Circuit Court of the District of Columbia, 
under the act of Congress of Feb. 27, 1801 ; the late Governor 
Thomas Johnson of ^laryland, who had been one of the Comm.is- 
sioners of the City of Washington, having been appointed Chief 
Judge ; and Mi: James ?ilarsiiall, brother of the late Chief Justice 
JMarshall, having been appointetl elder assistant Judge. Gow John- 
son refused to accept the ollice ; and Mr. Jelferson appointed Wil- 
liam Kitty, Esq., Chief Judge. Mr. Marshall resigned in 1803, and 
Nicholas'Fit-/hugh, Esq., of Virginia, was appointed in his place. 

In 1805, Mr. Kitty having been appointed Chancellor of Mary- 
land, Judge Cranch'was appointed by Mr. Jefferson to ilu' oiliee of 
Chief Justi{H\ which ollice he now holds; and by virtue of thai 
office is sole Judge of the District Court of the United Stales, for 
the District of Columbia, which has the same juri.-dielion as thv 
other District Courts of the United States have, 



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Tie 1ms piil)lislu'(| nine volnincs of Reports of oases in the 
Supreme Court of the United Stiites, ;i MeiniMr of the life, ehnrac- 
ter, and writings of President John Adams, (70 pages.) read before 
the Columbian Institute, March Ki, l^i*J7, and an Addrei^^s upon the 
subject of Temperanee, in iSoi, a small pamphlet. 

Judge Craneh is a INIemtxT of the American Academy of Arts 
and Si-iences, and of tiie American Anii(puu-ian Society, lie has 
received also the dc"ree of Doctor of Laws from Harvard Colle"[e. 



PROl'ESSOR ERENEZER ADA:M3 OF HANOVER, N. II. 

Profkssor Ad.\!MS was the son of Epliraim Adams of New Tps- 
\vi(di, N. 11., who was a higlily respeclaljle man, having been a 
magistrate, an ollicer in the church, and a re[)resentaiive of the town. 
lie was born in that jilace, Oct. 2, 17Go. The father was a native 
of Ipswich, Ms., born in that ]>art of the town which is now Hamil- 
ton, lie was brought up on the farm which was iirsl occupied by 
his ancestor, one of the eight sons of Henry Adams, wiio came to 
this country from Devonshire, iMigland, and settled in that part of 
Braintree now called (.J,uincy, aliout the year l(j^50. The father of 
Dea. Adams, whose baj^tismtd name was Thomas, was either the 
grandson or great-grandson of this ancestor. 'IMie fn-sl wife of 
Dea. Adams was Rel)ecca, daughti-r of .lames Locke, who Avas a 
native of Wolnirn, Als., and died in A-^hby, Ms. The name of his 
second wife is not known, 'i'he children of Dea. Adams were 
fifteen in number. 

The subject of this sketch fitted for college at tlic Academy in 
New Ipswich, under the care of Hon. John Hnbbard, who was 
afterwards ]*rofessor in Dartmouth Colh^ge. Having graduated 
at that institution in 1791, with high r(>initation as a scholar, 
especially in mathematics ami philosophy, he went immediately 
into the xVcademy at Leicester, Ms., where he spent fifteen years, 
fourteen of which he u'as the Princij^jal. In 1800, he took charge of 
the Academy at Portland, IMe., which he left after a year and a half, 
having accepted the Professorship of Mathematics in Phillips 
Academy, I'lxeter. I-n l^^OO he m as appointed Professor of the 
Languages in Dartmouth College, ;\nd in ISIO, upon tlie death of 
Professor Hubbard, he was transfi-rred to the department of Alalh- 
emalics and Natural Philosophy, and continued in that ofiice until 
18:33 — twenty-tliree years — when he was induced by advancing 
age and infiririities to resign all active and responsible service in 
the College ; his connection with it since being simply that of 
Professor Lmeritns, which continued until his death. 

Professor Adams possessed great constitutional energies, both 
physical and menial. These he carried into active lile. As an 
insirnctor he \vas able and accurate. No one surpassed him in 
faithfulness, and hence it was proverbial that he made thorough 
scholars. ]n the Languages he was good, but in Mathematics and 
Philosophy he excelled as a teacher. 









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I 1917.] at the (liferent Colleges in New England. SI 

[. As wonld naturally be expected, he look a lively intere.-sl in all 
. efforts made to promote the cause of lileralure, the s(iciui-.<, and the 
:.. art?, and was connected with several literary associaiious. ilu was 
an orii,nnal Memlna- of the Xorihi'rn Academy of Arts and Seifiices, 
and took an active part at the time of its formation, as presiding 
odieer. He was also a Member of the New Hampsliire 1 li.-torical 
Soei(;ty, tlie American Anticpiarian Society, the American At-adcmy 
of Arts and Sciences, tiie Maryland Acadeniy of Sciences and 
I Literature, and tlic Royal Society of Xorlliern Anticpvaries, Copcn- 
!;■ lui^en. lie was a Trustee of K'imhall Uni(Mi Acaden^iy in i'lain- 
[• field, and sustained the oilice of President of the Board of Tru>tees 
I twenty years, and, for about as long a time, he was Pre.-idenl of the 
" New JIarnj)shire Bible Society. 

I" Professor Adams was twice married. TFis first \\ ife was Alice 
I Frink, daughter of Dr. John Frinlc, a disiini:nished physician of Rul- 
Innd, Ms., by whom he had fne children, Alice A., Adeline A., John, 
Charles A. and Harriet 11., of whom John only is now livini,'. lie 
graduated at Dartmouth Collei^'e in J Si 7, nnd is now a |)raclising 
attorney in Mobile, Ala. Ills second wife was I'enlah Minot, 
daughter of Dr. Timothy Minot of Concord, Ms. j^y her la had 
two childri-n, l']li/a .M. and I'.bt'neziT. The; tlaughter is now the 
wife of Prof. Ira Young. I^benezer w as graduated at Dartmiuilh 
College in l*:^:]!, and died in July, 18;]7. Of seven children, there- 
fore, two only sur\ivc. 'J'he last Mrs, Adams still lives, and 
resides with luT daugliler, Mrs. Y(»ung. 

Professor Adams "was one of the few remaining old school 
citizens and scholars of New England, ;md was hardly surjuisscd 
by any of that venerable class of men in inii'lUgence, patriotism, 
and Christian virtue." lie possessed a well balanced mind, "was 
judicious, magnanimous, and firm.'' lie died calm and happy in 
the triumphs of relii;ion, Augu-t l-"), l^^-ll, in the 7Glh year ol his 
age, from ossidcalion of the heart. 

HON. JAMi:S SAVAGE OF HOSTOX. 

Tnn subject of this sketch was born July 11, I7Sl, in Boston, 
wIkm'c his progenitors since IGoO have always lived. His falher 
was IIal)ijah, and his mother, I'ilizabelh, daughier of John 'J'udor. 
Of eight children, five sons and three daughters, born before him, 
Iwo sons died in infancy ; the rest attained lull age, as did also two 
sons younger than himsell. 

Ilis mother dietl bcl\)re he arrived at his fourth year of age; and 
his falher, l)y reason of ill health, was unable to take chargi' of him 
in his early education. The Rev. Dr. Thacher preaclu'd on the 
occasion of his molher's death from I'salms \xvii: U) — '• 117/'.'// my 
father and my nn/tln'r forsake nie^ Iht n t/ie I^ord will tiih'e nu nj)P 

The father of Mr. Savage' was sou of Thom;is, by hi> llr.-t wife, 
Debor;ih l^riggs, who was, it is l)elie\i'd, a granddaughter o{ John 
Cushing, on(? of the Judges of the Superior Court of the Brovince 
of M issaclmsetts Bay. John, his fillier's elJcr brother, was father 





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of TliuniaH of Yurie, Mu., iVcmi wIkmh d(\-^(;tiul('d llie Savages \n\ 
lyjuL^ov. His graiuirallu'r'.s second wifi; was Sarah Clit-cvcr, who "^ 
survived him lutarly rifty-oiie yi'iirs. One of llieir cliildreii wa.s ihe 
late Ezckiel Savage, hlsq., of Sah-in, IT. C. 177S, father of Rev. '^ 
Thomas Savage of Bedford, X. J I., II. C. 1813, and several other J'y' 
children, of whom one, Sarah, distinguislied herself by the eompo» }{ 
sition of some interesting books. 

Ilabijah, father of Mr. Savage's grandfather Thomas, was 
cdueated at Harvard College, where he received his first degree, in 
1G9<3. He married Haimah, who iiad bein a short lime widow of 
Ander.-on. She was a daughter of Samuel Phillips, distin- 
guished among booksellers in Boston one hundred and iifly years 
ago, as John Hunlon mentions in the laiterlaining account of iiis 
visit to our country, |)ublished in his " Life mid Hrrors." Arthur, 
a youngt'r brollua- of his great-grandfather, married another daugh- 
ter of Mr. Phiilijis, and one of their children was Samuel Phillips .^\ 
Savage, father u( the late Samuel Savage, II. C. 17G0, of Barn- ' - 
stal)le. >'i 

Thomas, father of the last named Ilabijah, born IGIO, was ^ '-' 
second child of Thomas, who emigrated i'rom I']ngland. His 
mother was Faith, daughter of AVilliam and the celebrated Ann 
Iliitcliinson, who was a y/)r(i/:iiiLr if not a n(liv<^ elder in the First 
Church in Boston. H" married Filizalielh, daughter of Jt)shua Scot- ^„ 
low, author oi" twt) curious tracts in the laiUa- part of the 17lh century. '^ 
AVith two of his brothers, I''phraim, II. C. JGG2, and Perez, he -ff 
served at various limes and jjlaces in King Philip's war, in tlu! early ''''\ 
part of which, their father was in tlic^ chief command of the forces- --'■ 
of the Colony of Massac-husetls. Ii])hraim gained some ri'j)Uta- 
lion in ct)uunand of cnie of the vessels of th(> ilect, in the daring 
but disastrous expedition from I)Oston against Ciuebee, by Sir 
William Phlps, in KiDO, and Thomas was at the head of one of 
the three regiments engaged in it, and wrote a brief and modest 
account o{ the service, published the following vear at London. He 
died July 2, J70-J. 

Mr. Savage's great-great-great-grandfather, Thomas, was a man 
of high pnljlic spirit. Disgusted with the Iri'atment o{ the majority 
towards AVheelwright and other friends of Sir Henry Vane, whom 
he had perhajjs accompanied from England, lie, with CJov. Cod- 
dington and oihers, removed in IGoS, and purchased Rhode Island. 
He soon returned, lu)wever, to Boston, recovered his former stand- 
ing with e,'u-ly friends, and \vas often one of the representalives of 
the town, and, in the trying limes ol IGG"), was respected for his mod- 
eration. He was one of those who undi'rtook', in lG7o, to erect a 
barricade in the harbor, for si'curily against a fleet then expected 
from Holland. Out of this barricade grew, in less than forty years, 
the \iOw^ Wharf, a small portion of which has continued ever since 
the pr>opia-ty of some members of the family. He was Speaker of 
the De|)uties in lGo9, and again after an interval of eleven years, 
and in IGSO was chosen by the colony one of the A^^sistants, in 



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17.] at the (li/vj-ciil CoUrn-es in Xcw Eni;-land. 83 



r wliich stiilioii lie il\v(\, I'V'h. 1-1, IGS:?, aged 7;'. A funeral sermon 
i- oil llial event is among llie prinU'tl works of Rev. Samuel \\'illard, 
f pastor of the third elmreli, of wliieh Major Savage was one of the 
r i"t)ini(Iers, at llie seeession oecasioned by the eoming of Davenport 
t from New Ilaven tt) \\ic first. The text was, Isaiah Ivii : 1. 
I The eldest son of this aneestor o\' most who bear the name on 
■ tills side of the ocean, Ilabijali, II. C. K')-")!), died in a few years, 
I hut left children by his wife, daughter of Edward Tyng, one of the 
i Assistants. A grandchild of these parents removed from Boston, 
r rarly in the last century, to Charleston, S. C, wliere he is com- 
Micniorated by Dr. Kamsay, in his History of the Independcnl 
Church in that city. Di'sct'iidaiils base Ixen knov/n in difrereiit 
parts of South Carolina ami Ceorgia. 'J'he late Judge Clay of the 
'liter state, afterwards pastor of the lirsl Daplist Church in ]>oston, 
married one, and his son, Thomas Savage Clay, II. C. ISlO, ia 
highly respected for his Christian philanthropy. 
[■■ In the catalogue of the sons of Harvard are numbered eleven 
lineul descendants of the first 'J'homas, of whom six have been 
noticed. John, lO'.M, was son of J-lphraim ; Ilabijah, 17:2:], \vas 
cither son or nephew of Ilabijah ; .John, 1810, and James Kodon, 
I'^l^, were sons of William Savage, Kscp, of Jamaica, sou of 
Sainuel Phillips Savage, before mentioned. 

Of the progenitors ol' Mr. Savage, no means are possessed by 
which to trace the line bcl'orc; the arrival of his ancestor in this 
counlry ; but a family tradition, committed to writing many years 
since, makes him to have been a ijrother of Arthur, an Engli.-h dean. 
iMr. Savage fitted for college at Derby Academy, Hingham, 
inider the tuition cjf Abucr Lincoln, and at ^^'abhillgton Academy, 
Macliias, Me., instructed by Daniel I'. Ui)li>n. 

After gradmiting at Harvard ri,ivcr>iiy in 1S03, he studied law 
under the direction of tlu- late Chief .Justice Parker, Hon. Samuel 
Dexter, and Hon. William Sullivan, -and entered U})on its practice 
;; January, 1S07. 

IMr. Savage has beiMi Representative and Se/iator in General 
Court, a Counsellor, and a'Dt-lcgate to the Convention in 1S20 lor 
amending the Constitution cjf the State. He has been also in the 
City government as one of the Common Council and an Alderman, 
as well as oni^ of the School Committt'c. 

In April, 1S:2:], he marrit'd FJi/abeih O., widow of James Oiis 
Lincoln, I'iSii., of Hingham. She was daughter of George Still- 
man of iMaehias, !\Ie., an oliicer in the war of the Revolution. 
Their childriMi are I-wnma, Harriet, Lucy, and James. 

At times letters have engaged the attention of Mr. Savage, but 
not to withdraw him from the jiroper duties of iiis profession or the 
servicer of the community in active life. He wa-- during four or 
five years associated with the gentlemen who edited tlu'(Bo>tun) 
Monthly Anthology, and contributed articles for that wtuk, as he 
has also for the North American Revii-w. At the re(|ne.-t of the 
I municipal authorities of Dosto;-, he delivered an oration, July 1, 



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isn. 'J'lic c()ii)|)il;iii()ii of tlic (.'(.loniiil and I'roviiiciiil Lavvsof. 
IMa:?sa(;liu.si'll<, piibli.slird iiii<lrr llic lillc of Aiicii-iil Cliarlcre, i| 
aceordiiii; lo diirctioii of (IciktuI Court, l>y iho laic Hon. Xallian"! 
Datii', .JiidL;e IVescott, and .Ind^c Slory, was by llic^o i^'cnllcmca 
confided lo his suptTvir-ioii while pa>.<ing lhron<^'h the pre>s. The 
Index to the work was |)re|)ared by him. IJe siiperiniejjded an . 
edition of Paley's Works; and the |>resswork of the ten volumes' 
of Anieriean Stale Papers, seleeted l>y Hon. John (),. Adams, under 
authority of Conirri'ss. ]jnt Mr. Savai/r's ^Teate.-t I'llort of lliis 
nature was his edition of (iov. Winihrop's History of New Eiig- 
land, with notes. 

'J'his is a work of niueh labor ajid value. It is under>tood that 
he has in eontemplalio/i a new eilin'on of Parmer's Cienealugicai 
Register of the I'^irsl Settlers of New Eui^land. 

i\Ir. Sava<;e was more than twenty yi-ars Seerelary or Treasurer 
of ihe first Savings Mank in Hoston, and nineteen years Treasurer 
of the Massachusetts Jlistorieal Society, of which he is now the 
President. He is a .Member of the American Academy of Arts 
and Sciences, and has received the degree of LL. D. at" Harvard 
College. 

Forty-one years since, fv)r the benefit of liis lieallli, he, in 
company with his relative and friend, A\'illiam Tudor, Jr., visited 
the islands of Marlinicjue, Dominicjue, St. Thomas, St. Domingo, 
and Jamaica. Since, he has bun to ])emerara, and ^i\c years ago, 
he went lo I'nglaiid, with a view of \isiling his fathers' sei)ulchrcs, 
and of enjoying himself in the failierdiind. 

HON. LEVI \V00i:)RLllV or poiltsmoutii, X. II. 

Li- VI WooDBiRv was born at Franceslown, N. II., Dec. ?:2, 1789, 
where his father, the Hon. Peter Wooiibury, resided. lie was born 
in Peverly, Ms., in 17G7, removed \v New Hampshire with hi3 
father, and, when he entered upon the active business of life for liiin- 
pelf, engaged in mercantile and agricultural pursuits, and was about 
filteen years a Representative, and two years a Senator, in the State ' 
Legislature. He died in ISH. Jlc was son of I'eter Woodbury, 
who was born March :28, J7;J^, at Pevcily, and married there, and n\ 
1773 removed to Mont Vernon, then a part of Amherst, X. H. He 
t^pent the last twenty years of hi.s life at Antrim, with liis youngest 
son, Mark Woodl)ury', I'^fp, where he died, March, ISPJ, aged S3. 
///,<; father was Josiah Woodbury of Jk'verly, who was born June 15, 
1GS2, and lived in the Second or Upper Parish. The father of Jo- 
•siah was Peter, who was born in l(3d(), ma<le a freeman in lOOS, and 
elected a Kepresenlative in ICSD. He Idled the olllcc of deacon, 
and died July 5, 1701, aged Gl. His father was Humi>hrey 
AVoodbury, who was born in 1(500, came to New England with his 
father, John \\\)odbury, in IGriS, was admitted to iheidjurch in IGIS, 
was a member of the "^irst Churcli in Beverly, at its formation, was 
chosen deacon in IGG.^, ami was living in IGSl. John Woodbury, 
who was one of the original settlers of Beverly, came from Sonur- 



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f. gclsliirc, Kii:j;l;in(l, iinclcr llio (lircclioii of lln- ])()rrli"<.icr coiDpaiiv, 
wliicli csiablislicd ilst-H' at Ciij)!' Ann ahoiit IDr.M. jlc caiuc [u 
Salem in l(>"i<>, was made a jVceiiian isi J<j:3<>, and in Ui:j-3 wars 
chosen a Deputy to (Jeneral Coiirl. lie was an uriiiinal iiieuiber 
of the Fir.<t Ohnreh in SaKan. \\\ IGIJO, he receivt-tl a grant uf two 
luiiidreil acres of land on l>a.-^s livcr. lie died in Kill. 

Mr. W'oodbnry's mother was Mary \VoodI)nrv, daughter of 
James Woocllniry, who was* borii i;i J>eveily, but renioxed to Muni 
Vernon, N. II., in M^'l. He was a ,'<iibaltern in Col. Ivobta't Koj^ers' 
reginnail of Rangers, and was nrar Wolfe when he fell al the 
.storming of (inebec. 'I'he Hword he used in that service is now in 
the j)o-session of a descendant. He had eight children, all dangh- 
ters, and died at Franccstown, March, I'^Jo, aged ^'). 

The sabject of this skelch was prepared fur college in part at 
New Ipswich Academy, N. J I., widi Mr. Mnlliken, Inil chiefly 
under tlu! instruction of J Ion. Jtihn \''ose, the di.-iingiiished Pre- 
ceptor of Atkinson Academy. In J ^00 he entered Darlmouth 
College, wiierc he remained till l^Ol), when lie graduated with high 
re])nlation for talent.s and acciuircmenls. 

Immediately after leaving college he commenced t!ic study of 
h\v, spending one year at lli(> Law School of Judges Ileeve and 
GoukI, at liitchficld, Ct., and the residu',.' of his preparaiory com-sc 
with lion. S. Dana of Boston, Judge Smith of Exeter, and Jamcd 
Walker, h'sq., of Franccstown. In 1812 he o|)ened an ollice in 
his native place, where he remained till 1^10. In I'-^IG he was 
clecled C'lerk of the Slate Senate, and, in the year following, was 
appointed Judge of tla; Superior Court. This appointment to the 
bench of the highest judicial tribunal of the state, drew general 
attentit)n to the manner in which the duties were discharged. Amj:»le 
lestimony, howevca-, of the (pialilications of Judg(> AVoodbm-y may 
be fotmd in the first two volumes o\. Xew llamj)shire Reports. In 
1819, he removed to Portsmouth, the commercial caj)ital of Xew 
llamp.shire, where he continues to reside. In 1^'Si he was chosen 
Governor of the St;\te, and when his term of olhce expired, he 
returned to the practice of his jirofession. In lSt25 he was chosen 
Representative from Portsmouth, and on the meeting of the Legis- 
lature, he was elected Spi^alcer of the House. Among the last acts 
of the session was tlu; choice of (tt)v. Woodbury to liU a vacancy 
which had occurred in the Senate of the United States. At the 
commencement of the session in lS'25-(), he took his seat in the 
Senate, and during the six years succeeding, his name was con- 
nected with the mt)st imj)ortant measures discussed in that body. 
Ilis lerni of service cxi)ired on the Ith of March, and four days 
after, he was chosen State Senator for the district in which he 
resided. In April following, he was invited by President Jackson 
to become Secretary of the X'avy, which olllce he was induced to 
accept, having declined that of Slate Senator. July 4, 1834, he 
was appointed Secretary of the Treasury, in which capacity ho 
served till March 3, IS II. During this time, he was apjiointed 
Chief Justice of the Superit)r Court of N"ew Hampshire, but 



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(IccTinod iho oinc-e. In I'^ll, he was a^ain rliosrii U. S. Senalof^ 
from Xcw Ilaiiipshiro, wliidi otlitc lit- InKl till Si'pIt'niljiT, 1845,^ 
wIk'm lie was appoiiiic'd an A>.>()c) itc Jusiici; of iln; U. S. Supreme " 
Court. Ill llie ^iiinmer previous, llic ollice of .Alinistcr U) l-aigland 
\vas londercil to him, biii Ir- n.'lusecl it on account of tlic situation 
of Ills family. ' 

In June, HID, Judge Woo(l!)ury was married to FJi/a W. Clapp, ^ 
daughter of lion. Asa Clapp of I'ortlantI, Me. 'i'liey have live f| 
children: Charles Levi, who is now an attorney in IJoston, Mary ^ 
Elizabelh, 1 'ranees Anstris, N'irginia Lafayette, .and Kllen Carolina. >J 
The elilesl is married to the I Ion. .MontL,'omery J*lair of St. Louis, Ma '^ 

.Judge \Voo(lbury lias publisjied one volume of liaw Jieports Id 
connection with Judge Kiehardson, also speeelics, pamphlets, andi 
rej)ortiJ relating to the various ollleial duties he luis ])erformecl,] 
besides numerous literary addroses. ]Ie has received the degree 
of Doctor of Laws at the Wesleyan University in Connecticaf,; 
and at Dartmouth College in New IIam[)shire. lie is al.-o a mem- 
ber of various literary societies. 

The brothers and sisters of Judge Woodbury are Peter P,^ 
Woodbury, M. I)., of l^edl'ord, X. II., now Vice-iVesident of the; 
New Hampshire .Medical Society; l^ev. James Trask' Woodljury of ; 
Acton, .Ms., formerly an attornev ; Jesse Woodburv, ^'i-^q., v\ho re- 
sides on the paternid estate; Ceorge Washington \\'i>odlMnv, ]M.D,,> 
Ya/oo county, .Mississippi ; Mrs. Mary Howe, widow ol the late^ 



.' ' i(_ ? -■-■ .' ) - — 

Lu'.ce Howe, M. L)., of JallVey, X. II.; Mrs. Anstris B. l-^astman, wife 
of J Ion. X^eherniah Eastman of I'armlngton, X^ II., formerlv .Mem- 




^ ^ . .^ J _ ._j., — ..,., ...v^.......^.^., ... -.., .. — 

line Dunnelle, wife of Edwin l'\ Jhmnelle, Esq., of ])0Sicin, clerk 
in the Custom House. 

IiriX. SAMI'KL .S. WMl.DE OF BOSTON. 

S.vMUF.r. Sr.M\i:ii Wii.di: was born in Tautiton, Eeb. o, 1771. Ilia ' 
father's name was Daniel, who was born in Draiutree in 171'^, and 
di(Hl in 179'2. His father, if not born in l-iiigland and brought over 
by his father when a child, was born in Braintree. 

The father of the suljject of this ski'tch, soon after arriving at the 
age of 21, settled in Tavmton, where he continued luiiil the lime of 
his death. He was a farmer and a pious man, and for many years 
was one of the deacons t)f the only Congregational Church then 
in that town. lie was very fond of sacretl music, and had a line 
voice, well cultivated, and, for those days, he had a competent 
degree of skill and knowledge of the science to render him an 
acceptable leader of the choir in the church, and was a leader long 
before he was chosen deacon. In his family devotions he always 
read a chapter in the Bil)le, sung a hymn i?i which scmuc of the 
family joined, and concluded with a prayer. He was twice married. 



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His first wife was the duuglilcr of Deacon Siaplcs of I'aunton, 
graiKllatlicr of ]\Ir. Staples, a lawyer of coiij-itlerable eiiiiiieiice ia 
New Yorlc. 

IIm seeoiul wife, iIk.' mother of Satnud S., was the only ehild 
of Deaeoa yainuel Stitniier, also of Taunton. Dea. Sluumit was 
well educated for one who had not received a cojlcirialc cnair.-e of 
iiistruelion, had a tasle lor study, and llK)u^hl much of Ifamim' and 
Icnriied men. lie died when Samuel S., who was his onlv i^rand- 
pon, was two y<-'ars old, and IjciiueaUied to him a U^t ol' land, w liich 
he aiilhorixed his fadier to sell, and to exjjend die proceeds in i:iving 
liiin a college education, if he should, at a projjcr a^c, manilc>t anv 
taste and talents, which would ])riilial)ly render such an cduealion 
useful to him. lie was a warm Whi<j; and a IVitaid lo the lihcriies 
of the people; and it was [irohably owing to diseu-'-ions ahout the 
Stamp Act and odicr diHicuhics with England, and his rellections 
on the inalienable rights of man, that he emancipated a lemale 
slave, about the year ITtil) or 1770. She, however, -always continued 
in the family upon wages, until her death. Dea. Sumner was a 
distant relation of (lov, Sumner and also of the Rev, I )r. Suumer, 
long the minister of Shrewsl)ury in the county of Worcester. 

The mother of Samuel S. was a most excellent woman, and 
distinguished for her mental endowments, piety, and zeal in the 
cause of religion. 

The sul)ject of this sl<ctcli fitted for college under the direction 
of Rev. J-'phraim Judson, the minister of Taunton, and (Mitered the 
Sophomore class at Dartmouth College, in J 7^(5, where he gradu- 
ated in 17^0, lie read. law in 'J'annton with David L. J^arnes, 
Ksq., who was afterwards Judgi; of the District C\»urt ol'the I'nited 
Stales for the stale of Rhode Ishmd. In Sepiend)er, 17i':i, In- was 
admitted to the bar, and the same year was married to lOunicc 
Cobb, a daughter of the late (len. Cobb of Taunton. He imme- 
diately removed to Maine, and iirst commenced practice in Waldo- 
borough in the coimty of Lincoln, where he remained only two 
years, and then removed to the adjoining town of Warren, where 
he resided five years, when, in 17911, he removed to llallowell. He 
represented the town of Warren two years in the House of Repre- 
sentatives; but after his renun-al to Hallowcll, he devoted himself 
wholly to his profession. Ilc> was, however, twice chosen one of 
the Electors of President and A'ice-President of the United States, 
and in 1811: was elected a State Counsellor. He was also one of 
the Delegates to the famous Hartford Conv<'ntion. In June, 1815, 
he was appointed Associate .lustici' o[ the Supreme Court of JMas- 
sachusctts, which olfice he now holds. He wa.s a member from 
Newburyport of the Convention for revising the Constitution of the 
state, having removed from Hallowcll to that jilacc in 1^00. In 
1831 he removed to Doston, where he still re>ides. 

The wife of Juilge Wilde deceased .Tune (i, 1 "-^•Ji"). Their children 
wer(^ nine, of whom only four survive. 'I'lu; two ( lde>i sons died 
unmarried. The eldest daughter, I'luniec, married Wou. William 



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Fiinmons of AnLjus'.a, ?*!('., a son of Vu-\. Dr. I'liinioiis of I'l-anKlii), 
i\l.s. S!ic died ill IH-.M, li-aviiiL,' iwo daiiylilcrs, one of w lioiii liun 
since dee(;ased, and llie ollu-r is the wile of \{v\\ Mr. 'J'a])|)an of 
JI ui!|)i|t'ii, Me., son of ]''\'. J )r. Tappari <■{ Au^'iisla, Me. The >', 
t^eeond dau^llIer, MIeanor J]|■■ldi^ll, married 1. W. Mt-Hcii, ]^-^q., 
t^on of Ri!V. Afr. .Mdleii of Canilaidm'. Tliey are hi;lli dead. Mrs. 
MelK'ii died in ?dareli, 1"^:]^, leaving lliree children. 'i'lie third 
dau'^liler, Caroline, married Ifon. Cah-lj Cn.-liini^ of Xewljiirvport, 
undtlied in \^'-Vl. 'I'lic clde:-t f^in'viviiig scui, Cleorge Cobb, Esq., 
an alU)riiey at law, is Clerk of ihe Courlr^ in SuHulk coiinly, iu 
married, and has two children, '['he second t^urvivini,' son, Henry 
Jackson, is inarrii'd, and has two children, and is now m liled ill 
A\'ashinglon, .1). C. 'J'hc young<'st son is nninarried. 'J"he only 
surviving danghler was first married to J'^-ederiek W. J)oanc of 
Boston, and is now the wife of Kobi-rt Fark'V, idso of Boston. 

Judg(! Wilde has Ijcen in his presc^nl ollice nearly thirly-two years, 
a longer lime it is believed than any individual ever held that olhce 
before, ^^ and his judicial career has uniforiuly been characterized 
by Icgul learning and stern integrity. Ifis personal character is 
marked by uncommon frankne>s and great simplicity of maniUTS. 

He has received the degree of Doctor of Laws from Bowdoln 
and Harvard C\)l!ege>. and he is als*) a ^Tember of the American 
Academy of Arts and ^?L■iences, and some other literary associations. 

xatiiaxii;l wright, esq, of Cincinnati, oiiio. 

Nathamki, WimiiiT was born Jan. 2S, 17S0, in the oast parish 
of Hanover, N. H. The family residence was on the highlands 
ndjoiniiig the western base of Moose mountain, over which his 
father's farm extended. From some of the fields can be scon, 
spread out in the distance, nearly half the state of \'ermont, rising 
ill regular gradation from the Connecticut river, with every variety 
of cottage, field, woodland, and hill, to the summits of the Green 
IMounlains, Killinglon Peak, and Camel's J\unjp, in the distant hori- 
zon. His parents, Xalhanicl Wright and Mary Page, were originally 
from Coventry in the state of Comiecticut. U'he name of liis pa- 
ternal grandfather was the same with that of his father; but we are 
not able to trace l)ack the genealogy iurther. They were all farmers 
by occupation. His fithcr was one of the first settlers of Hanover, 
and took possession of his farm there, wliile it was a ])crfect wilder- 
ness, the occupancy of which he had to contest willi wild beasts. 
The sylvan adventures of that ])eriod were, no doubt, the topic of 
many a fireside tale of his childhood. His mother was si>ter of 
the father of Harlan Page, distinguished for his active piety, and of 
tract-disiributlou memory. 

Mr. Wright began fitting for college in ISOG. The larger part 
of his ])rej)aralory studies were with the llcv. Etleii Burroughs, 

* Jik1';(' Boniamiii Lviule \va? on itie bench at'out the ?amc lentrth of time, from 1710 to 
1711. - J • 



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1817.] (d Ihc different Col/r^-cs i>i Xnv K,i-Iand. 



89 



1). 1)., the parish miiiisIiT, Km^' (Mm; of llic 'J'nislt'cs of Darlinouili 
College, and celel)ratcci as ilie lailicr of ihc notorious Sirphrn 
■ IJiirronglis, who died in Canada, a Catholic priest. J!e entered the 
Freshintin clas.s of Darlnioulh College at the eoinineneriin-m ul' 
1^07, and graduateii in ISI 1. Afii'r grathialing, lie spent ihrfc years 
or more in teaching, being i)art ol' that time in charge of the Porl- 
l;uid Aeadcniy, .Maine, and i)ar1 of the time in charge of a select 
I'lass of lioys in the same place; and licgan there the stndv of 
hiw. Mil then spent a year as private tutor in a family in \'ir- 
giiiia, reading law in the mean time, and was admitted to the bar 
ill that state. In July, lt'L7, he went to Cincinnati, where, after 
spending some lime in an oliice to familiarize himself with local 
l)ractiee, he was admitted to the bar in November, l'^i7, and com- 
menced the practice in 1818. For a few years, he jiraeliscd in the 
Federal Courts, and in dillerent jiarts of (he state; but finding the 
city practice the most profitable, as well ad most pleasant, he soon 
confined himself to that, and continued it with so much labor and 
assiduity, that, in l^oiJ and 1^10, he found his health giving way 
under the eflects of it, and in the latter year, withdrew from the 
practice. 01 his success in the practice, he has had no reason to 
complain. And in talents and legal acquirements, he has ranked 
with the first in the stale. 

lie has been solicited at dillerent times to become a candidate 
forjudge of the Supreme Court of Ohio, and for .Member of Con- 
gress; but has uniformly refused all nominations for political oilice, 
jireferring a private life to all others. 

In April, 1S"30, he married Caroline Augusta Thew, a niece of 
the Hon. .Jacob Burnet of Cincinnati. ]fer mother was a daughter 
of Dr. William Ikirnet of Newark, N. J., a surgeon in the army 
in the Revolutionary war, and a man of distinction in that state. 
Her parents being both dead, slii> w<Mit from Newark to Ciiicinnaii 
with Judge Burnet's family, in IM'j. 

The children of these parents are eight in number: Mary Thew, 
Caroline Augu-<ta, Daniel Thew, T-'li/a Burnet, Augusta Caroliiu-, 
Louisa, Nathaniel, and William Burnet. Of these, Caroline Au- 
gusta and Augusta Caroline died, the former at live, the latter at 
•three years of age. 

Mr. Wright has publishetl nothing, that can properlv be called a 
book; yet many of his writings have ai)peared in public print in 
various forms. His name appcais at the head of some important 
argarnents in the Law Reports of Ohio, during the period of his 
practice ; and some of his occa>ion;il addresses have been printed. 
In early life, he was a lover o( poetry, and not unfreiiuently 
attempted to honor the .Aluses ; and thi- he ditl 'always with 
applause. 

When Mr. Wright went to Cincinnati, then having five or six 

thousand inhabitants, he sat down patiently with the young at the 

foot of the bar, went on through a generation of the profession, till 

he stood at its head ; and saw the city irro\\-n up to a population of 

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S/:cfc/irs of Alumni 



[Jan;i 



^0,000, liimsclf staiiiling amoiiii; a few old rcspcclablc inhabitants, 
easy ill circnmslancivs, with a very happy Tamily annind him, and 
higlily irspeclcil by ihr coininuuity. — The hilc l{cv. Chester Wri^^lif, 
a ;Ljracluatc at Middlebury Cullt'ijc in ISUO, and of MontpelitT, 
\'t., wab his hall'-brodicr. 



no:.. WILLIAM D. WILLL\MSOX OF BANGOR, ME. 

Wir. 1,1AM DiRKi:n Wimjamsox is s^nppo^^cd to be a descendant,'- 
ill the sixth generation, of one who was among the carlie.-l scttlera >J 
in the IMymonth Cohiny. For as the Annalist tells us,* when 
(Jov. Winslow went to make his first treaty with Massasoif, ,'J 
."March 'i'?, j(i-.'l, he was preceded by " Captain' Slandlsh and Mr. 
Wi/lia/iison,''^ and attended by a lile of " musketeers," Nothing 
farther appears, in the ])rinted narratives of tliose times, concerning J 
the man last mentioned ; nor is there any positive knowledge of his '^ 
immediate posterity ; though it is a report of tradition, that one of | 
his name had command of a con.ipaiiy in King Philip's war, in ^.■^ 
lG7o-G, who might have been his son. l]ut, however this may have' 
been, certain it is, that men of his name in succeeding generations '^ 
have exhibited a predilection for military tactics; and that in Major 
Benjamin Chnrcli's tifth expedition eastward, 1704, Captain Caleb I 
Williamson commanded a company of volunteers from Plymouth | 
Colony, lie had one brother, whose name was George, and the 
place o{ their residence was ITarwich, in the county of Barnstable. 
It is said there was another of the family, or kindred, |)erhaps a 
brother, by the name of Samuel, wlio settled at Hartford in Con- 
necticut, but as he left no son, his name at his death sank into 
oblivion. 

George "Williamson, above named, married, at Harwich, the 
daughter of a Mr. Crisp ; and they had two sons, George and 
Caleb, and five daughters. The elder son was murdered by a 
highwayman, and left no child ; the younger, born at that place, 
171(5, married Sarah Ransom, and settled at IMiddleborouizh in the 
county of Plymouth ; whose cliildrcn were six sons and three 
daughters. Though five of the sons were married, only two of them, 
Caleb and George, left issue. The latter, being the llfth son, born in 
1751, who was the father of the subject of this sketch, removed" 
with his father's family at the commencement of the Pvcvolutionary 
war, to Canterbury, Ct., and married IMary Foster of that place, a 
niece of Rev. Jacob Foster, formerlv a minister of Berwick, I\Ie. 
Their children were four sons and four daughters. The sons are 
William D., the subject of this sketch ; George, a farmer at Pittston ; 
and Joseph, a lawyer at Belfast, a graduate at A'"crmont Universily, 
and President of the Senate, in tlu- JiCgislature of .Alaine. Their 
father was a soldier in the Revolution, and a captain of artillery, 
some years after the peace. ]n J7!>:5, lie ri-nioved from Canterbury, 



* S<^e rrince's Annnl?, 101. — Pnrclias' Tilgriinf, B. X chap. 1. — Vol. VIII. Coll. Mass 
Hist. Soc, 22^. ' 



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H17.] at the (liffcrcHt Co/!(\i^'-rs in New Kui:;l<ind. 9i 

whore his sons were born, to Amljcrsl, Ms., and finally cli<-d al 
BaiiiJ^or, in 1^:2:2, aged GS years. 

William 1)., his eldest son, entered Williams College, in 1^00; 
hut finished Iiis studies al Brown University, R. L, wliere he was 
graduated in 1801. As his father was a farmer in moderate 
(Mrcumslances, and himself the eldest of eight ehildrcn, he was 
q under the necessity of teaching a school several winters, to defray 
I his college expenses. Jle read law with lion. S. F. Dickinson of 
Amherst, till the spring of 18U7, when he took up his residence in 
Bangor, INIe., where he completed his professional studies with J. 
McGaw, Esq., being admitted to the bar in November of that 
year. Jan. 14, ISOS, he was commissioned by Gov. Sullivaii 
|- Attorney for the county of llancock, an oJiice held bv him about 
I eight years, when the county was divided. In ISIG, he'was elected 
y; to the Senate of Massachusetts, Maine being then a i)an of the 
Commonwealth ; and received successive elections, till the separa- 
tion in 18:20. Though as a political man, his sentiments were of 
a democratic character, adverse to the majority in each of the legis- 
lative branches, he was Chairman of tlie Ccjinmiitee of ]']aslern 
Lands, three years, lie was Tresident of the first Senate in the 
new state of Alainc ; and tlie apj)ointrijent of Gov. King as a Com- 
missioner on the Spanish Claims, brouglit him into the Executive 
Cliair, about six montlis of the poliiical year. In the meantime, he 
was elected a Member of Congress. 'After he left the field of 
legislation he was a]i[)oinled a Judge- of Probate for his county, a 
Justice of Peace through the state, and President of Bangor Bank. 
Judge Williamson was thriee married, lie was first coimccted in 
marriage with J. .M, Rice, an orphan, the niece of Gen. Montague 
of Amherst, whose home was hers. Eive children were the fruits 
of this marriage, one of whom, an only son, a promising youth, 
died in 183:2, at the close of his Junior 'year in Bowdoin College. 
Ilis second wile was the eldest daughter of Judge Phinehas White 
of Putney, Vt., and his third was the only surviving daughter of 
the late E. I^iierson, Esq., York, Me. 

Judge AVilliamson was fond of literary j)ursuits generally, but 
particularly of historical research. lie \vrotc and published a 
number of articles on various subjects, in dilTerent periodicals. His 
great work, however, which cost him many years of labor, was liis 
History of Maine, in two large octavo volumes. lie died May 27, 
184G. 

THE FATHERS OF NEW ENGLAND. 

" Tlicy llliL" Fath(;rs of N\ E.] wen? mostly moii of gooil estates and families, 
of liberal eJiieatluii, and of hir;j;e experienee ; hnt they cliieliy excelled in [)iety 
I to God, in zeal foi' the jinrily of his worship, reverence for lii.s ^durious name, 
S and strict observance ol liis holy Sabbaths ; in their respect and maintenance ol" 
^ an unblemished ministry; the spread of knowledge, learning', good order, and 
I quiet through the land, a reign o\ righteousness, an^l the welfare^ of this people ; 
I and the making ami executing wholesome laws for all these blessed ends."' — 
f Rev. Thomas Princess Election Sermon, 1130. 



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Gov. ITincklei/'s Verses on the 



GOVERNOR HINCKLEY'S VERSES ON THE DFATl 
OF HIS SECOND CONSORT. ' 

(Thomas Hinckley wns the Inst Governor of the rivmoiiih Colonv ,x-y,\.\. ^n- i, u 
except ilunng the interruption In- Andros. from o4 i.? n r !lo n\'i , *''^'" '"'.'!* 

to the Massachusetis colony. IJe %vi,s a man of w, h1 ' ^ "ru''^) n °''*"y '''" °"" 

posed \,y hin. on ihe dca.h^of 1 > so o.fd ""e a^TcC. .,?! r^'^ ^'- ^^?- '^^'""^"'f'' ''""•«" , 
'S-X^^ ''-- I'nnce, .h.J^'i-^n;'\L'poLe" -c;^ Jf [he Ili-O^jJ? 



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and of some of the de;cend- nis ol^he ,n, r '^'''7'^^" ^"o"^"^ -l^^'ice and Gov. H; 
poetic eflusion ""^^^•^'"^''"'^ ^' «''« '-itlt-T, Jnay be appropriate as an imrodaction to 

a.ol^^c^Uabl^'lll^Se/bJ'L.Sr^'i^ii^^r^,-^^ ^-ce has recorded a gen,^ 

Prince, Esq., of Sandwich, who was the o^o/T I ?i^' P "the fourth son of Samuel 
and settled first at Waiertovvn and aft r^vn?U . n m "u'" ^""'"f''' ^'"'^^ '^^"'^ over in 1633. 
Prince of East Shellhrd in BeSifre I^^^"^*^'^^^^^ who was the eldest son of Rev. Joh« 

in the University of U.xford and va^one flh . I,, f' "'^ ''onorable parents, educated 

who ui part cunformai" "'^ ^ ""'^" ministers of the Church of England 

J':^:; ^^.:^':,^:^^t''Pr' I^^q. -arned i„ l^, ^r his second' 

They had ten childrenVna,LMvThomrs^M7rv^ "t'"'^'''^^^^ '''^ ^^^""'^ ^^fe-*' 

Alice, Benjamin ^ ' *' ^'^'''y' ^""'^''' •^°'^"' ■^•^'^eph, Moses, Nathan, Mercy 

GoJlnrGill""' ''''°"' ^^""y- ^"^ «'■"-•• 'l-o'"-^ l^-ame the wife of Lieut, 
Mary married the Rev. Peter Tliatcher 

ciS;:^5^o[rn,,'rirronvmi'^^Sr'^:;;N/?r "^ir^r^ ^r^^' °^'^« ^-• 

Boston, of whom we Imve'obtmncTthl^rcll^of^""^^^^^^^^^^^^^ °^ ^'" ^'''- ^^^"'"^ ^^^'^^'-^ 



Of"-: 



Pity me my friends and for me Pray 

I o him y« can supply wliat 's taken away. 

a^lv crown is fallen from my Head, and wo, '. 

VVo unto me y' I have sinned so 

As to provoke y" Lord to show such Ire 

U" I deserve 'gainst me should burn like Fire 

Ood righteous is in all yt He hath done 

lea good in lending Her to me so lon^ 

A Blessing rich Furti/ thee years and more- ' ' 

rlfn r""^'!"^ ^° '*^'<^ improved such store 

VI Gifts and Grace wherewith she was endu'd 

1 might in Grace have also much improv'd 

How prompt m heavenly Discourse was she 

1 hat to her own and others good mi^ht be ' ' 

Out of her stoie came things both new and old 

Wi'she had read, or thought, or had been told 

How great my Bond to God in Thankfulness. 

!■ or such a Gift, for all my worthlessness. 

I he only child har graciuus mother bare, 
Obtain'd of God as a Return of Piayer- 
For w''she with her Friends employ'd a Day 
In private, and soon found it good to prav 
Unto y« God of Nature and of Grace 
Who thus approv'd their seeking of his Face 
In forming this fair child to shew his Praise' 
Endowed with virtues in her early Days 
Wi' grew and shine'd in young and riper a'^e 
And to her Maker's Praise did much en-a,Te' 
All those w" knew Her both of late and old 
And prove'd as diverse godly wise foietold ' 
She by her wisdom built y" House and by 

rJi^V P"""""''.' of'SSamuel and Mercy Prince, belonginsr to the Rev Vr nohl.i 
ranly d,-posiled in the rooms of ihe Massacliuse.ls Hu.orfcal Soci"y.' 



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1847. 



Death of his Second Consort, 



93 



Her prudent care kept all in such a way 

Ami in such order, so as nought might be 

A Let to worship in the Family 

Or cause Distraction on God's holy day. 

Yea both at Mom and even, as was need 

She did in Ihnschold-worahip always lead 

Her Family, while in her widow-stat;;, 

And in my absence since she was my mate. 

\Vhose good example may rebuke all Those 

Who slight this Duty and Themselves expose 

Unto y' wrath of Cod v.'^ hangs o'er all 

Those Familes w''on Ilim do not call. 

To rise up very early was her way. 

Enter her closet strait, to read and pray 

Anrl then to call and raise her Family, 

And liv'd to see a Blessing threat upon 

Her Prayers and prudent Education 

Of children such a number for y^ Lord, 

Under his gracious covenant and word, 

That now may say, I am, thro grace divine, 

Thy Servant, Daughter, Son, of Handmaid thine. 

She highly prized a Gospel Ministry, 
For its support was an example high, 
And while a widow chose y"^ town shou'd say 
M'hat was her Part lest self from Right shou'd sway 
And allways gave more than her Rate away, 
Yea ever first wou'd pay t/iot pious cIm, 
Then other Debts, and on the Residue 
Wou'd wisely live and help y^ Poor she knew 
Nor ever any want she found tliereby, 
And counselled her Friends y'^ like to try: 
But if they wou'd till last let That alone. 
They wou'd find nought to pay't, all wou'd be gone: 
Which some have try'd, and found what she said True, 
And so God was not robbed of his Due. 

As by God's Grace she Vivcd piously 
So by the same she lived righteously : 
Chusing y' she and hers might wrongs receiv. 
Than even y^ least to others give : 
Allways a Pattern of Sobriety, 
Week, lowly, peaceful), prone to charity 
And freely given to Hospitality, 
Behaved wisely in a perfect way. 
Both in y'= brightest and y*^ darkest Day. 
She came in nothing short with count of many 
Of highest Praise of Tongue or Pen of any. 

Great cause we have of pious Thankfullness; 
For that tho sharpest Pains did her distress 
For six weeks allmost constantly, y" she 
Could take no Rest nor in y* night nor Day^ 
Yet God preserv'd her mind and senses clear. 
With exercise of Grace, y' we cou'd hear 
Not the least murmuring nor impatient word, 
But meek submission to y Sovereign Lord: 
Full of heart-melting Prayer and savoury words 
Which Joy and wonderment to all atTords 
Wiiose Hearts were mov'd to leav their Homes and see 
And help Her in her great extremity. 

Her last words were, come dear Lord Jcius, come 
J}nd take me quickly to thy Bosom home: 
And in few minutes liad her Soul's Desire 
With Him whom she did love with Heart intire. 
Death was no Terrour unto Her nor Fear, 
No Ghastliness did in her Face appear: 
But sweet composure in her Life and Death 
When her dear soul she in her final Breath 
Resigned to Him Avhom she beheld in Faith: 



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94 



Gov. ITincldeij^s Verses on the 



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Whoso own she was and with Ilim long'd to be 
Where she is free from sin and misery : 
She enter'd into perfect, endless Rest, 
And with y" blest above is ever blest. 

So that we have no reason to repine 
But thankfully and humbly to resign 
To his most wise and rij^hteous hand therein 
Nor mourn for Her in Plenitude of Joy, 
But for ourselves whom evils still annoy. 
As a great Loss to all, y« wisest deem, 
Tlien sure to me and mine a Loss extream; . 
Now she has left the gap, is made a way 
For evils to bear on us every Day: 
W'our Iniquities deserved nave, 
Unless ys Lord please, as I humbly crave, 
To give Repentance and Remission free 
Of all our sins; of mine especially, 
JMy great Defects in point of gratitude 
In prizing and improving such a good : 
W' as a sccoiui miracle of grace. 
After the first who no less Pious was 
And lovely consoii. Both free gifts most rare 
And Both in answer unto humble Prayer. 

As soon as I my will resigned so 
To God, as to be free y' he shou'd do 
As most for his own glory he shou'd see; 
Then did their several Relatives agree 
To say, They had oppos'd our match so long, 
They neither dared nor wou'd it more prolong: 
W^ was so far above all expectation 
As made us to admire the Dispensation. 

Yet that such wondrous works I cou'd forget, 
Does my Oflences greatly aggravete: 
Which has so much dishonored his Name 
As justly may me fill with grief and shame 
And oh y' by his grace enabling me, 
I may with Hate, yea self-abhorrency 
Turn from all sin and unto Jesus flee 
Whose meritorious and precious blood 
Can clease from sin and reconcile to God. 

may He be most highly priz'd by me 
And as most precious may embraced be. 
May I to Him eternally be join'd 
And in Him Rest and Satisfaction find: 
By his good Spirit's mighty energy 
My Heart be purg'd from all Impurity, 
And filled with all grace and sanctity ; 
Awakened out of all my drowzy Frames 
Raised up to lively, heavenly views and aims, 
Ever composed, humble, watchful be, 
Especially upon God's holy Day, 
And when I read, hear, meditate and pray. 
In holy Duties never slightly be; 
As if to approach y'' glorious majesty 
Of God, a light and trifling thing it were; 
But ever look and speak to him with Fear : 
May bring forth much good Fruit in my last Days, 
Living and doing more unto his Praise : 
Gaining much profit by our Father's Rod, 
Who can make all work our eternal good. 

For all which mercies great I beg y*^ Prayers 
Of all svho see these drops of aged Tears, 
That I and mine may by his mighty Hand 
Be kept thro Faith unto Salvation, and 
That we may neither slack or slothful be, 
But follow Her and that blest company, 
Who thro' their faith and patience now possess 



«:«'>*>"■.■» 



1847. 



Death of his Second Consort. 



95 



The full completion of the Promises, 
And we may fitted be at Deiuh to say, ") 
Lord Jegug come and take m quick away, V 
To be with Thee unto eternal aye I J 

Alflicted and distressed, but thro rich 

undeserved mercy not wholly forsaken, 

T. HINCKLEY. irtalisS3. 

The following is an extract from one of the manuscript volumes of the Rev. Mr. Prince: 

" She [Mrs. ilinckley] wiis y» only clulJ of M' Quarler-inajlcr Smith \>y his 1" wife, for- 
merly of Lancashire in Kni;luiid and alicrward vC Duichbster in New ]Cn"htnil. 

Iler Father liad been a Quaner-nia>ter in y^ army of y* Netherlands : her inothrr a gentle- 
woman of a creditable Family and of eminent natur.d Powers, Piety and ac(|uir"d acromiili-h- 
menls. Of them this M™ lltnekhy was IJorn in Jjniira^hire in Eii^huid in liV(l). Her 
Parents hving undf y" ministry of y-" Ilev. M' liicluird I\Lither at Toxleth in that sliire ; they 
came up and liroiiKhl Her w''Mheni to Bristol in order fur A'. Zi. in April IG^t.'i: young ^I'■ 
Nathauitl a son of y* sd M' Mallier being carried on One side a Horse in a Pannier and 
tliis young M" Mary on y* other : as I have ot'len heard her sav. 

Way 2J, VM ; She with her father and mother, y^ sd Kev. M' Richard Mather and wife, 
y'sons Simtiel and Xitthaiiiel, M' Juiuithan Mitrhtll then abuul U years of age, vVc. set 
6ail from Bristol. In ye night between Aug. 11 and L5 coming on y^ A'. E coast y'' arose an 
extreain Hurricane, w^in yy w^ in y'= utmost Danger and wondrously delivereil (-eeyacct 
in y* Life of y« sd iNP liichard I\Iathrr in y^' Magimlia) and on Aug. 17 arrived at lio'Hoii^ 

Iler Father and others settling at Dorchester and a new chh gath<l There Aug. 'Si, ll'>.'JC, y* 
»d M"' Kirhard Mather became y' Teacher : under w" ministry she liv'd, unless w" sent to 
school at Boston, W she enjoy'o M^ Wil-^ou and Cotton's ministry. 

In she married to ^P Naihun' Gloctr a son of y'-' lion'' John Glover esq: of sd 

Dorchester by w'" she had Nathanml and A)ni. And then this Husband Hyinur, she 
remained a widdow till w" slie married y^' Hon''' IViomas Him/.lry IJsi). of Bmisinhle; 
whither she removed and had by Iliin ]\[ercy, Erjierieiice, John, Abigail. Thaiiklidl, KheH- 
czer and Reliance: w° all grew no and married ; and all but Khciiezer before she died. 

At Birnstable she to y« l3ay ol her Ileath appeard and shone in y<= eyes of all, as y* love- 
liest and brightest woman for Beauty, Knowledg, wisdom, majesty, aeconiplishme'nls and 
traces lhroii;:houl y^ colony, and there her f^' sou A'ir/<««if/ marrietl to Ihn/iah a D" of sd 
AP Hincklv, by his form' wf : 

Her sd tt^ Ann married to M' fV'" Raifsoyi a son of AP secretary Ratpson secretary of 
■V« Massachusetts colony. Her D^ Mrrcy. to M' S^muul I'n'nce of Snulineh: Krpenenee to 
Mf James Whijiple o{ Barnstable: her son John to M" Trott of Dorchester: her Daugh- 
ter A/'4n(i7 to y<^ Rev. AP Joscidl Lord 1*' of Dorchester in Snah Carolina, aUrwd of Cliat- 
ham, o"n Cape Cod: Thank-fun lo y" Rev. M' Krperience Mayhem of Martha's Vineyard: 
Reliaiue to yo Rev. I\P Nathaniel Stone of Ifirwich : and after the Decease of Herself and 
Husband yf son Khentzer to M" Slonc of Sndhury." 

Mrs. Iluickley died July 20, 17U3, in the TJrd year of her age. 



BIOGRAPHICAL NOTICES OF PHYSICIANS IN KINGS- 
TON, N. 11. 

The first rhyslcian of Kingston of whom we have any definite account, was 
a Dr. Green, who died some time in the year 1750. The vacancy created by 
his death was filled by Dr. Josiali Bnrttett and Dr. Aaron Sawyer. Dr. Sawyer 
soon returned to the Upper Parish of Amesbury, Ms., whence he originated. 

Dr. Josiah Bartlctt was bom in Amesbury, Ms., Nov. 21, 1727, 0. S. His 
father, whose name was Stephen Bartlelt, had not much property, but was, how- 
ever, enabled to give him a medical education under the instruction of Dr. 
Ordway, a respectable physician of Amesbury. Dr. Bartlett completed his 
medical studies at the age of twenty-one, and very soon after established him- 
self at Kinu;slon, N, H. 

He manied hi.s cousin, Mary Bartlett, of Newtown, N. II., Jan. 15, 1754, by 
whom he had twelve children. 

His practice became very e.xtensive, and he was eminently successful, 
especially in the treatment of tlie Cyaanchc Maligna, or Throat Distemper, 
which first made its appearance in Kingston, with ci'cat fatality, in \1C)5. 

Dr. Bartlett began his political career as Representative from Kingston, in the 
Legislature of New Hampshire, while an English colony. 



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Biographical Notices of 



[Jan. 



He oontiniied to fill various olTice3 of trust, from this time to the year 1775, 
when he was elected to the Coiitinenlal Congre.ss, which met at I'hiladelphia 
ill Sej)terriber of that year, hi July, 177C, Cuiigress declared the Coiotiic* 
imlepeiideiit, and Dr. Barllett was the lir>t, after the venerable Hancock, lo 
sii.'ii this iristrLinieiit of American freedom. 

In November, 1778, Dr. Barllett returned homo to attend to liis domestic affairs, 
wliicli had sutlered greatly from his absence. About this time he was appoinli'J 
Chief Justice of the Court of Common I'leaSj^and was transterred to tiie Supe- 
rior Bench in November, 17S2, and tliere oiliciated till he was appointed, in 
1788, Chief Justice of the State. Judge Bartlett sustained, during this period, 
many ofiices not incompatible with his high judicial character, such as Coun- •« 
sellor, a member of the Convention to form a State Constitution, and was one of .'^ 
a Committee, with Judge Livennore and Gen. Sullivan, to revise the Lawsof yi| 
the State, and a member of the Convention to ratify the new Constitution. 

In 1789, he was elected Senator to Congress, but his declining health, and 
the depression of spirits consequent ujion the sudden death of his wife, early 
in tliat year, induced him to decline the duties of Senator, and lo resign the 
ollice of Chief Justice. 

The people, unwilling to lose liis services, elected him President of the State,- 
in 1790. 

Dr. Bartlett took an active part in forming the New Hampshire Medical 
Society, and was elected, in 17!>1, its first President. 

In 1792, he was chosen a member to revise the Constitution of New Hamp- 
shire, in which the title of Presiilenl was dropped, and that of Governor subsli-- 
tuted, and he was the first Chief Magistrate with the title of Governor. Abgut , 
this time, he received the honorary deirrees of M. A. and M. D. from Darlnic^th ' 
College. ^ ^ 

Gov. Barllett filled all these stations with general satisfaction, without osten-j^ 
lation ; administering the laws in a mild yet decisive manner, and setting forth,' 
the example of true republicanism. 

His appointments were just, and such as met the public approbation. 

The arduous duties of a professional and political life, in those "times that 
tried men's souls," had impaired his health, and so shattered a constitution, 
never strong, that I\Iay 19, 1795, he died suddenly, of paralysis, leaving a very 
extensive circle of friends to mourn his departure. 

Gov. Bartlett was possessed of good mental powers, of a kind and benevo- 
lent disposition, and was scrupulously just in all his dealings. 

J'hilanthropv and benevolence were the pi eminent traits of his character. 

His letters, still extant, show that, with a calm and childlike trust in God, he 
mingled that high sense of the responsibilities which man owes to his Creator 
and his fellow-man, which forms the foundation of a truly generous, just, and 
noble character. 

Subjoined is the testimony of one who was his neighbor and intimate friend 
for many years — the Rev. Dr. Elihu Thayer. It is taken from the Address 
delivered at the funeral of Gov. Bartlett. 

" But few persons by their own merit, without the influence of family, or 
party connections, have risen from one degree of honor and confidence to an- 
other, as he did. And fewer still have been the instances, in which a succes- 
sion of honorable and important offices even to the highest, have been held by 
any man with less envy; or executed with more general approbation. Despising 
the gaudy exhibition of vain parade, (a sure mark of a noble mind,) he set a 
shining example of frugality and economy, both in private and public life, at a 
period when such virtues were peeuliaily liecoining and necessary. His natu- 
ral temper was open, humane, and compassionate. In his dealings, he was 
scrupulously just, and faithful in the performance of all his engagements; and 
in his public ollices, he served his country with all his miuht." 

The children of Gov. Barllett who still survive, are Hon. Ezra Bartlett of 
Haverhill, N. IL, and Mrs. Gale, the widow of the late Dr. Amos Gale of Kings- 
ton. She is in her 74th year, and resides at South Hampton with her daugh- 
ter, Mrs. White. 

Dr. Levi Bartlett was the eldest son of Gov. Josiah Bartlett, and was born 
Sept. 3, 1763. He received his preparatory education at the then celebrated 



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1847.] Physicians in Kingston, N. IL - 97 

" Diimmer School " in Newbury, Ms., nnd after sliidyincr tlie science of med- 
irino one year with his father, he com[)Ieted liis proles.-iiotial coui^e with Dr. 
Tliotnas Kittredge of Andover, Ms., a disiinguisheti physician. 

Soon after, he e.stablisiied himself in Kini^ston, N. ll., where hi.s father had 
been located, and who was givin;^ up his professional business to younger and 
more vigorous practitioners. 

Here, and in the adjoining towns, he soon acquired an e.vtensive practice, 
nnd was frequently called many miles from home in consultation, lie was a 
jkilful antl successful surgeon, and performed many important opi-rations. 
Dr. Bartlett tilled many stations of IruNt. lie was a Justice of the Peace and 
' Quorum throughout the state, Culunel in the militia, and Post Master for many 
years. He frecjuently represented Kingston in the Legislature, and for several 
years was a member of the Council, and Chief Justice of the Court of Common 
I'leas. But being of a studious and metaphysical turn, he preferred the (juiet 
pleasures of private life to the care and turmoil of the political arena. 

He was married, Nov. (3, 17!)1, to Sally Hook, who died of consumption, Feb- 
ruary, 17!»3. He married the second time, Abigail Stevens, April 18, 1807. 

He was kind and obliging in his disposition, generous and humane to tho 
needy, and honopble and just in all his business relations. 

For several years, he sulfcred from paralysis, and was, consequently, unable to 
transact business or enjoy life. His earthly career terminated Jan. 30, 18:28, at 
the age of G5, leaving a widow and three children — two daughters and one son. 
Dr. Levi Stevens liartlcH was born Dec. 3, 1811. He received his academ- 
ical education at Phillips Academy, Eveter. He read medicine with his 
uncle, the late Hon. Josiah Paitlelt of Stralham, Professor Klijha Bartlett, at 
that time of Lowell, Ms., and with Dr. John Barrett of Portland, .Me. Dr. 
Bartlett attended the Medical Lectures at Dartmouth and Bowdoiii Colleges, 
and received his diploma from Dartmouth in the year 1832, a short lime before 
ho was 21 years of age. 

Having come in possession of the landed estates of his father, and the old 
mansion of his grandfather, he settled at King-^ton, where he now resides, and 
is in the practice of his professioji. He married, Dec. 3, 1S44, Aroline E., 
danghter of Closes Sanborn, Esf|. 

Dr. Amos Gale, son of Jacob Gale, was born at East Kingston, April 9, 1741, 
0. S. He studied medicine with Dr. Josiah Bartlett of Kingston, N. H., and 
married Hannah, the only child of Daniel and Hannah Oilman of Kingston, 
Nov. 12, 17tj5. They had ten children, si.v sons and four daughters, six of 
whom are still living. His practice was very e.vtensive, and he was highly 
esteemed as a physician and citizen. He was one of tho early memb(?rs of tho 
N. H. Medical Society, and he continued to practice medicine in Kingston and 
vicinity, (with the exception of a few years, during which he resiiled in Troy, 
N. Y,,) until a short time before his death, which occurred June 8, 1813, aged 
69 years. The disease which terminated his life was paralysis. Several young 
men received their medical instruction from him. 

Dr. Amos Gale, Jr.. son of the preceding, was born at Kingston, Oct. 15, 17G8. 
He studied ihedicine with his father antl Dr. Levi Bartlett of Kingston, attended 
lectures at Boston, conimencetl and continued to practise medicine in his native 
town till his death, which occurred Dec. 7, 1824, aged 56 years. He was a 
very energetic and athletic man, and was characterized for his great assiduity 
and self-denial in the discharge of his duties as a physician. lie was married 
to Sally, youngest daughter of dov. Bartlett, by whom he had seven children, 
five sous and two daughters, all of whom are still living. Dr. Gale held vari- 
ous ollices in the town, and was lleprestnitative to the Legislature in 1808. 
About twenty young rnmi received mi.'dical education under his instruction. 
He was elected a member of the N. H. Medical Society in 1800. 

Dr. Steiihcn Gale, youngest son of Dr. Amos CJ.iIe, Senior, was born Jan. 28, 
1723, and studied medicine with his brother Amos. He died Aug. 13, 1804. 
His disease was a scrofulous allection of the knee, caused by an injury. 

Dr. Ezra Bartlett Gale, eldest son of Dr. Amos Gale, Jr., was born at Kings- 
ton, Oct. 13, 1797. He studied mceliciue with his father and uncle, Dr. Levi 
Bartlett, and attended medical lectures in Boston in I^IS, and prat ti-.ed with liis 



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98 



Biographical Notices of Physicians. 



[Jan. I 



father till July, 1821, when he commenced practice in Brentwood, N. 11., and 
continued there till August, 1823. In the fail of 1822, liu attended a course of 
Medical Lectures at Brown Univer.'^ity. and received the degree of M. D. ia 
1823. lie married Ruth White, younge.>t daugtiter of the late Richard White. 
Esq., of South Hampton, N. H., July 31, 1823, where he practised medicine till 
1827, when he reconmienced piaotice in Kiiii,'ston, in whicli place he now pur* 
sues his professional duties, lie liad seven children by his first wife, four Boni 
and three! daughters, all of whom are living. His wife died July 6, 1841. He 
married Emily, daughter of the late Moses Atwood, Esq., of Atkin.-on, Nov. 22, 
1842, by whom he has two daughters, lie is a member and oliicer of the N, 
H. Medical Society, and also of the Rockingham Dist. Med. Society. 

Dr. Levi Jiartlctt Gale, second son of Dr. Amos Gale, Jr., was born Aug. 29, 
1800. He studied medicine with his father and brother, and attended lectures 
at Boston and at Brown University, where ho took his degree of M. D. He 
commenced and continued the practice of medicine in Kingston till the return 
of his brother from South Hampton, when he removed to Boston, where he now 
resides. He married Sarah B. Keggan, by wliom he has two chililien. 

J)r. Josiiih liartlett Gale, third son of Dr. Amos Gal(», Jr., was born Jan. 11, ^, 
1803. He studied medicine with his brothers Ezra Bartlett and Levi Bartlelt fj 
Gale. He attended ^Medical Lectures at Brown University, and commenced^ 
the practice of medicine in Brentwood, where he remained but a short time. 
Thence he removed to Salisbury Mills, INIs., where he now resides. He mar» ; 
ried Hannah, daughter of the late Capt. Jacob ]\Iorrill of Salisbury, Ms. Thejr 
have one child, a son. 

J)r. Amos Gilman Gale, fourth son of Dr. Amos Gale, Jr., was bom Feb. 17, 
1807. He cominenceil his medical stmlies with his brother Levi Bartlelt Gale, 
and atteniled two courses of Medical Lectures at Dartmouth College, at which 
he received the degree of M. D. He commenced the practice of medicine in 't 
Hooksett, N. II., where he was employetl in his profession till his removal to j 
Manchester, N. H. He married Mary, daughter of Hon. Richard H. Ayer, of 
Hooksett, by whom he has one cliild, a daughter. 

Dr. Stephen I\Ia(U:<on Gale, fifth son of Dr. Amos Gale, Jr., was born in Kings* j 
ton, Oct. 20, 1809. He commenced the study of medicine with his brother E. f 
B. Gale, in 1834, studied one year with his brother L. B. Gale in Boston, and^ 
attended three courses of Medical Lectures in that place three years in succes- 
sion, commencing in 1834, and received his medical degree at Harvard Univer-', 
sity, 1837. He commenced practice in Derry, N. IL, September following; and 
thence he removed to East Kingston, where he remained but a short time. He 
commenced practice in Lowell, Dec, 1838, and from that place he removed to 
Methuen, July, 1839, where he has been engaged in practice ever since. He 
was admitted a Fellow of the Massachusetts Medical Society, April, 1839. He 
married Hannah W. Johnson of Portland, Me., March 28, 1843, by whom he has 
one daughter, Alice Bartlett. 

Though all the above physicians by the name of Gale have not been located 
as physicians in Kingston, yet, as they were all of one family, we have entered 
their names under the head of Kingston. 

There has been for about eighty years in Kingston a physician of the name 
of Gale, father, son, and grandsons. Very much the same may be said of the 
name of Bartlett. It is believed that no two families in our country have fur- 
nished more physicians than the Baitlett and Gale families of Kini,'ston. Gov- 
ernor Bartlett had three sons eminent as physicians; namely, Josiah of Slrat- 
ham, Levi of Kingblon, and Ezra of Haverhill, all members and ollicers of the 
Medical Society; and all political men, Ezra and Levi having been Judges of 
Courts, and Josiah a Member of Congress. Many of his grandsons are in the 
profession, one of whom, Dr. Josiah Bartlett of Stratham. is now I'lesident of the 
New Hampshire Medical Society. 

Dr. Thomas Bassctt was born in Deerfield, N. H., Aug. 12, 1797. His father 
was a merchant in that town, and once traded in Atkinson; but in 1804 
removed to Londonderry with his family, where he resided till his death. His 
mother's name was Susannah McGrogort;, a descendant of the Rev. James 
McGrtgore, who emigrated from Scotland to Ireland, and subsequently with 



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1817.] Rcg-ister of Birlhs in Dedham. - 99 

a number of others, to America, and commenced a settlement in Londonderry. 
At the aj,'e of llfteeii, Tliomas commenced the studies preparatory to enterinj,' col- 
lege, under the instruction of his uiicie, Rev. David McCrcgore, who was then the 
settled minister in Bedford, N. II., and lived with jiim about three years ; he then 
left and entered the Pinkerton Academy in Derry, under the tuition of Mr. 
Samuel Burnham, and continued there until the death of his father. At this 
lime^ (inding himself destitute of pecuniary means, ho was forced to relinquish 
the idea of prosecutin-r further his co]le<,nate studies, and resorted to school- 
koeping to obtain the object he then most desired, an education. After spend- 
ing three years in this employment, he resrjlvt-d to prepare for the medical 
profession ; and, in 1821, entered the olllce of Dr. George Farrar of Derrv, as a 
student in medicine, where he remained till the fall of 18':2, when he left, and 
entered the private class of Professors Mussey, Oliver, and Dana, at Darlinouih 
College, and continued with them until he had tinished a re^'ular course of 
medical instruction, and received the degiee of Doctor in Medicine at tho 
Commencement, in 182 4. In March following, ho established himself at 
Kingston, as a physician and surgeon, where he has resided, with tho ex- 
ception of a few months, to the present time, in the practice of his profession, 
in that place and the neighboring towns. 

In 1828, he was married to Miranda Spofl'ord, daughter of Samuel SpofTord, 
and granddaughter of Major Jacob Peaslee of KiuLTston. In 182G he was 
elected, and in 1837, became a Fellow of the \. II. Medical Society, in which 
ho has held the ollice of Censor and Counsellor. He has been honoied with 
the oflice of Justice of the Peace, and has held the oliiee of Brigade .Major and 
Inspector in the tirst Brigade of New Hampshire militia. 



REGISTER OF BIRTHS IN DEDIIAM. 

This account of births in Dedham, from lfi35, the time when the town was 
first settled, to 1(377, was copied from the Records by Dr. Elisha Thayer. The 
year, name of the child and its parents, and also, the month and the day of the 
month, are given in each case. The year is considered as beginning the first 
day of the first month called March, as time was then reckoned. 

Year. 

1G35 IVIary, daughter of John and Hannah D wight, born 
John, son of John and Joanna Balden, 

1637 Ruth, daughter of John and Annis Morse, 
INIary, daughter of Joseph and Millecent Kingsbury, 

1638 Sarah, daughter of John and Ilanna Duight, 
Elizabeth, daughter of Joseph and Millecent Kingsburj', 
Elizabeth, daughter of Francis and Amy Chickering, 
Mary, daughter of Richard and Mary Everard, 
Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas and Mary Alcock, 
Isaac, son of John and Prudence Frary, 

1639 Rachel, daughter of John and Alice Roper, 
Samuel, son of Richard and IMary Everard, 

. Samuel, son of John and Joanna Cay, 

Joseph, son of ^ViHiam and Barstow, 

Obadiah, son of Daniel and Lydia Morse, 



IMary, daughter of Edward and Susan Richards, 
Abigail, daughter of Ferdinando and Ann Adams, 
John, son of John and Annis Morse, 
Daniel, son of Henry and Elizabeth Smith, 
John, son of James and Ann Allen, 
Sarah, daughter of Thomas and Margery Alcock, 
Barnabas, son of Robert and Ann Linsdell, 
Benjamin, son of Ralph and Phebe Whcelock, 



Day. 


Month. 


25 


5 


21 


4 


3 


4 


1 


7 


17 


4 


14 


7 


26 


7 


28 


7 


24 


8 


29 


10 


18 


1 


31 


1 


10 


1 


6 


4 


8 


6 


28 


7 


15 


7 


8 


4 


13 


8 


4 


10 


28 


10 


13 


9 


8 


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100 



Notices of New Publications. 



[Jan. 



ANNIVERSARY OF THE NEW ENGLAND SOCIETY OF 
CINCINNATI, O. 

The 22Gth Anniversary of the Lamlinir of the Pilf^rims at Plymouth, was 
celebrated in tlie City of Cinciiuiali by the New Kiiglarul Society, on Dec. 22, ■ 
IS 16. The services on the occasion were as follows : Prayer by the Kev. Dr. 
Beecher; KeaJing tlie Scriptures by the Rev. Mr. i\Iai;oon ; Address by B. B. 
Fessenden, Esq. ; Benediction by Kev. Dr. Stowe. With these services appro- 
priate music was interspersed. 

On Jan. 5, 1847, the annual meeting of the Society was held, and the Report 
was read by the Rev. Dr. Colton. In the Cincinnati Gazette we tuid the fol- 
lowing account, which, we doubt not, will be interesting to our readers. 

This Society was organized January 14th, 1845. Its objects are, to cherish 
the memory and perpetuate the principles of the original settlers of New Eng- •-« 
land ; to collect and dilfuse information respecting New England and New 'i"* 
England emigrants to other parts of the country, especially to the West ; and to '.^ 
extend charity to the needy of New England descent. It is composed of men .^^^ 
born in New England, and the male descendants of New England ancestors, j ' 
The Society has a liberal charter from the Legislature, and is wholly free from- 
debt. It has upwards of '200 members, and the number is rapidly increasing, 
23 having joined at the last meeting. 

It was voted to appropriate one half the surplus in the Treasury towards the -a 
establishment of a valuable library of historical and antiquarian works in rela- ■ 
tion to New England, and to start a subscription of SjOO in aid of the project,' 
of which 8200 was immediately subscribed, and it is thought the balance can be 
made up this month. A catalogue of the works desired has been made out, ij 
which, we trust, the Directors will be enabled at once to purchase. The income 
of the Society this year, if this subscription is filled, will amount to >1,100. 

A Committee was appointed, to ascertain if a course of Lectures could be 
prepareil in time to be delivered this winter. 

The Society contemplates the erection ultimately of a Hall for their library, 
meetings, and lectures, for which a lot has been olfered on lil)eral coiulitions. 

The following gentlemen were electeil olllcers for the ensuing year, (Mr. 
Starr having declined reelection as President.) 

Fur Preiidcat, Timothy Walker. Fur Vicc-Picsklent, Lot E. Brewster. For 
Corrcspoivling' Sccrctar^j, Chauncey Colton. For Recording Sccrctanj, Henry 
Crane. For^Trcnsurcr, James Lakey. For Directorx, Henry Starr, Edmund 
Gage, Mel/er Flagg, Maynard French, Jonathan II. Niles. Wm. Wiswell, Jr. 

The following gcnillemen have been the Presidents and Vice-Presidents, since 
its formation : 

1815. — Bellamy Storer^ President. Ephraim Robbins and Henry Emerson, 
Vice-Presidents. 

184(). — Henry Starr, President. Lot E. Brewster, Vice-President. 

1847. — Timothy Walker, President. Lot E. Brewster, Vice-President. 



NOTICES OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. 

Guide to Phjmoulh, and RrcoUcctiom of the Pdgrim. Ihj Wdliam S. Russell. 
" Come listen to my stori/, 
Though often told before, 
Of men who pa>:s'd to glory ^ 
Through tod and trial sore ; 
Of men who did fur conscience^ sahCj 
Their native land furego, 
And sought a home and freedom herCy 
Two liundred years ago.^' 
Boston : Published for the Author, by Samuel G. Drake, 50 Cornhill. 1846. 



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Notices of New Pubrtcations. 



101 



This is a neat lOmo of about -100 prunes, "dpsiiinfd to present such historical facts 
connected with our early history, ami descriptions o( interebtiiiij localities wiih wiiich 
\\[C)' are connected, as are deemed of essential impoitance to the numerous visitors 
who resort to the spot, rendered memoiahle as the scene wlnrc llie foundations of 
republican institutions W(,'re first laid in lliis western worM, and the jirincipifS of reli- 
gidus and civil liberty were successfully established in New Knj;lanii." 'I'be desiijn of 
the author has been acconnplished. Alth()iii,'h much novelty can haidly be e.\[)i;cled in 
relation to subjects which have already become tiite, tliOu;,'h nut ui:inteie:»tir.;:, yet by 
n judicious collection of facts and a pleasiii:^ presentation of Uiem, the woik is well adapi- 
eJ to engage ihe attention of the reader, and to furnish liini with the information desiied. 
It commences with a brief detail of the circumstances, which led our Pilgrim Fathers 
to leave the land of their birth and embark for a country of pathless wildernesses, 
'abounding in savage beasts and still more savage men. It follows them in their voyage, 
throigh storms and ])erils to them unknown before; it describes their arrival at Cape 
Cod, the sutfevings, privations, and hardshi[)s theyenduied, and the subseiiueut increase 
ind growth of the infant Colony, all in a manner liighly instructive. The various 
places of interest to a traveller in the town of riymouth are distinctly and minutely 
pointed out, and m.Tny matters of impoitance are lelatcd concerning iherii. .Several 
ancient documents of gieat value are also inserted, loLjelher with some notice of the 
Pilgrims. The volume closes with a collection of Hymns and Songs, selected from 
the productions of our be.-il authors, coni[io<ed with express reference to Anniversary 
Celebrations in Plymouth and other parts of the L'nited States. The work is embel- 
lished with a map of Plymouth village in IS IT., a frontispiece engraving of the town 
and harbor of Plymouth, also several other designs. It is a book eminently useful to 
the traveller, and valuable to the historian. 

The History of Charlestown, j\[ns.<<achusctts. By Richard Frothinghanij Jr. 
" The History of a Town is united icith that of the Country to xvJiich it btijn>^s, 
and with that of the acres throu<rh wliich it has stoodV Charlestown : Charles 1'. 
Emmons. Boston : Charles C. Little and James Hrown. 1843. 

This is a work issued in numbers of about 50 pages each. The author states, in the 
commencement, his sources of information to be, the town liecords; llecords of the 
(irst church in the town; the Colony Records; the Probate and llegistry Records; and 
private collections of jiapers. From such materials we should think a most perfect his- 
tory can be made. AVe are pleased to sec an interest arising in the minds oi many, con- 
cerning our local or town histories, for by this means only can that of the slate be 
rendered accurate. " lOach town has some noted spot where the Indian may have 
fougbt for his burial-places, or the colonials for their freedom; that may have sheltered 
a hermit or a reiiicide ; that superstition niay have invested with a fairy legend, or 
nature have robed \vilh more than fairy magnificence. Kach has its Liberty Tree, its 
Green Dragon, its Faneuil Hall, where its patriots inay have counselled or acted. And 
each has had citizens who laid its foundations, perhaps in hardship and danger." It is 
fertile local annalist to gather these traditions and facts, from vvhich the state histo- 
rian may form a comprehensive anil accurate account. This work is embellished with 
quite a number of interesting engravings. Four numbers have appeared, containing 
much useful and curious matter, and we hope soon to see the remai ruler. 'I'be work 
is highly deserving public patronage, and we hope that Charlestown and its vicinity 
especially, will amply reward the author for his indefatigable labors. 



A Gazetteer of ]\Tassachusctts, containing Descriptions of all the Counties, Towns, 
and Districts of the Conimonwctdth ; and idso, uf its principal Mountaufi, Rivers, 
Capes, Bays, Harbors. Ishnuh, and FashiunabU Reports. Tu which are added 
Statistical Accounts of iti Agriculture, Cotmncrce, and ]\[nnufactures ; icith a great 
variety of tcjc/i// Infurmatiun. By John Hai/ward. Author of the "Afw England 
Gazetlecr,^' '-Book of Religions," t)*f. Boston : John Hay ward. 1846. 

This is decidedly a valuable work. The name of the author alone would guarantee 
an elaborate, and, so far as within his ability, a strictly accurate publication. It presents 
Massachusetts in a statistical, historical, and topographical lii;ht,aiul is tilled vxithsuch 
matter as would be deeply interesting to the antiipiary, and the man ol business, 
indeed to all in Massachusetts who take any pleasure in knowing the condition and 
prosperity of their own state. It is a work useful for reference in regard to education, 
internal improvements, matters of commercial importance — and may be regarded as 
a universal Gazetteer. We cheerfully commend it to the patronage of the public. 



vn 



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Nuficcs of Neil) Puhficdlions. 



[Jan. -jii 



Epitnj'ii'^ from the 0!d Bar\jin^-ftiOHni] in ('amhrhhrc. With Notes, by Wil- 
liam Thadtlcns Ifitrris^ Junior .S'y/;/t(>'f/ in llanard Cullrge. Cambriilge : Pub- 
lished by Jolm Oucii. 

It has boon, am! slill is, the disposition of the public, to rc;^ard the restinij-placps of 
the di'ceaseil with aversion, rather than with filcasurahle interest. Tiiis we think 
should not he the case. " Forget not the faithl'iil dead " is worthy to he iiij^crihed at the 
entrance of every cemetery, and those, insle.id of b.-in;^ permitted to inn to waste, 
sliould he adorned, and made plear>ing to the siijlit. Thus the (^rave may heibvested of 
its gloom, and the graveyard, now an object of terror, may become fre(jMented as a 
place for calm, serious, and [)rofi table meditation. 

In this volume u complete transcript is made of the epitaphs in the burying-ground, 
from \i'<o.\ to the year ISdO; but in the years succeeding' ISuil, witli a few exceptions, 
the names only of those, to whose memory monuments have been erected, are given. 
In addition to these, which are G70 in numher, there are brief notices of many, whoso 
monumental inscriptions are given. A table, also, of the deaths of many, whose mon- 
uments have crumliled to dust, or whose remains were deposited in tombs, is appended. 
It is a volume of I'.fj pages, octavo, printed at the University press, and must be inter- 
esting to those who delight in curious and antiijuated matters. \Ve hope others will 
be induced to prepare like collections from those spots where, 

"Each in his iinrrow cell for ever laid, 
'I'lie rude forefaihers of iho. hamlet sleep." ^ 

The author is a son of Thaddens AVilliam Harris. M. 1)., Lihrarian of the Univer- 
sity, and grand.>;on of the late Rev. 'J'haddcus Mason Harris, D. IJ., of Dorchester. ^Ve 
may at some future time make extracts fiom the work. 



Loring^s Mdssoclivsclts Register, or Record Book of Vtdvahle Information, for 
Vie yrnr IS 17. Designed as a SnifcJde Cumpnniun for the Frofe^isiuunl Man, the 
Merchant, the Pullic Ojficcr^ and the Private Citizci. Bustou : Jarne.s Loring, 132 
Wa^shingtou Street. 

This volume is the cigfilielh of the Massachusetts Register, and its value as a work of 
rcftMi'iu-e will, we think, bo appreciated hy ibi- public for as many ye:us to come. Such 
a work is much needed by all classes of business men throughout the state. It com- 
prises statistics of civil odlcers; professional men; societies and associations, literary, 
scientific, religious, and benevolent; commerce; mercantile allaiis; naval and military 
otiicers ; courts and justices; institutions of learning, and also those lor benevolent 
purposes; corporations of all kinds. It is literally ?;ii'//((»m')i ;)a/-fo. Mr. Loiing, who 
has much of a historical taste, deserves great praise for his endeavors to reader it ac- 
curate and useful: and it should have an extensive circulation in the state. 

The publishers of the Register have been as follows; 

In 17ii7, Mein and Fleming, at the London Bookstore, north side of Iviug street, now 
State street; in 177), Mills and Hicks, School street, next door to Brackett's Tavern, 
sign of Cromwell's Ifead : in 1770, Thomas ami John Fleet, sign of the Bible ami Heart, 
corner of Cornhill and Water street; in ISiil, John West and Manning and Loring, un- 
til 1SI3, when its publishers were West, Ivichardson, and Lord, and the present pub- 
lisher, who has been a proprietor for forty-six years past. 



:?*. 



A Statistical View of the Population of ]\Tassarliv.sctts,from 17G5 to 1840. By 
Jesse Chickcring. Boston: Charles C. Little and James Brown. ISIG. pp. IGO. 

"The object of this essay is to exhibit the increase of the population of Massachu- 
setts, and the changes which have taken jilacc in tlie number and proportion of the 
inhabitants in the several parts of the Commonwealth, during the period cf seventy- 
five years from 1705 to 1810." ''The censuses consulted in the preparation of this work 
are the Colonial census, ordered in 17(J1 and finished in 17t35, and the six censuses of 
the United States, taken at intervals of ten years, from 17C'0 to ISIO." Tn<' number of 
inhabitants in Massachusetts in 1705, from various calculations is estimated at 'J 1-1,1 19, 
exclusive of L.WJ Indians. In 171)0, according to the United Slate-; cen-us published 
in 1701, the population was ;i7S,7S7, which is adopted as the true number; in ISOO it 
was -I'^J.Sl.^; in ISlO, •17'2,0-U); in ISJO, .^JI^JS? ; in lb'M\ G10,4oS; and in 1^40, 7:i7,700. 

The U. S. censuses of 1700, 1800, and ISJO were taken August 1st; and those of 
ISlO, IS.'JO, and 1S40 were taken July 1st; so that the intervals between the second and 
third, and the fourth and fifth were two months less than ten years, while that between 



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IS 17.] Noliccs of lYcw rublicatioiis. 103 

■^ \\\e tliinl nnd fourth was two months mmc than ten years. These .lifTi-r.^nres in the 

;, Icnjjtii of the intervals afloet tlie numerical reiiilts, bnt so slightly, as not to be rnati- 

;,- riitlly important in the compar.itive results, especially lor so lunij a pcrioil as from 17'J0 
tol'^lU. Tin' least inrri'ase (liscovereil in any perioil is in tliit em!)ia(in:; the time 
from 1^10 to IS.'O; prohalily owin^' in some dei^rei; to tin; \\;\r then cxi^tii!.' with C,u-\\ 

% Britain am! the emigration of many citi/(;ns to the West. In the perioj irom 17CS to 

il I'i'll, the increase was {greater than it lias ever bren. 

The increase of Boston, in proportion to its inhahitants, from 1705 to M'A) was very 
much less than that of the country tfiwns, while from 17U0 to l"^!') it \\as very much 
((realer, thus showinj^ the modern teiulency to centralization. Besitlcs the ^jicat ainount 
of statistical matter of which the above is an exceedingly brief epitome, it contuins a 
table showing the averajje number of inhabitants in each year, accordint; to the I,'. S. 
ffiisuses, together with the increase, on the supjiO'-ition of a uniform rate of increase 
in each year, the same being carried on to is^o, at the rate of increase from l*^:)'} to 
1840. Aluch other valuable matter is contained in this publication; manifestly ol great 

f labor and of apparent accuracy. Such a work as this of Dr. Cliickering was much 
neeiled to rectify the many errors which liad arisen in the taking and computing the 

^ censuses. ^Ve only adil, that could such a statistical view be taken of e\t/ry etale in 
the Union, many important facts would be discovered antl many data be i)bl.iiiied, horn 
which inferences might jierliaps be draw n greatly interesting and useful. 

A Discourse ilrlivcrcil before Tlic Mninc Ilistovkal S.-icirli/ at its Antvnl McLtiti<:. 
fitptcmbcr 6, IS-IC. litj (ieurgc FuL\oiii. '-lint I dmiht not *■ '*'■ ^' (' iritl 
prove a very Jh)nri<liiii;j: pl'icc, nnd he r<:j)lvniJtfil icith mmuj fn'irc Toicix nnd Cit- 
irs, it beint!; a Province both fruitful and /i/rasrui/.'' — F. (Jorircs. Di'soriiUiuii 
of tho I'lovincc of Muiae. rortlutiJ : rublished fur tlie Society. IS 17. 

The subject of this discourse is the early discovery nnd settlement of Maine, and the 
character of tlio-e who were most active in llie work of colonization. It clearly indi- 
cates the author to be a man of historical research not only in regard to tlie state of 
Maine, but also in respect to New England and the early settlers generally. It is well 
worth the careful perusal, both of those who are hmd of historic lore, and those who 
are searching for truth ; as it contains facts which are important and arc not generally 
known. 

Mr. Folsom concludes his discourse of 7') pages as follows : " In my humble opinion, 
Maine owes some jiiiblic acknowledgment to the memory of Sir Fenliiiando Gorges, 
for having laid the foundation of its existence as a .-ejiarate and indeiu-ndeiit commu- 
nity. Bradford and Winthrop are names that will ne\er die amongst their successors 
at Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay; I'ennsylvania will never forget her obligations 
to the illustrious Friend of humanity who peojiled her wilderness ; nor will Georgia 
Buffer the memory of the enlightened Oglethorjie to perish ; Maryland has stamped the 
name of Baltimore upon her brilliant commercial metropolis, and North Caiolina has 
her 'city ol' Tvalei:;!!,' although the projectetl colony ol' Sir Walter proveil a sj)leiii!id 
failure. And shall Maine do nothing to mark her sense of the meiits of the liberal 
patron and successful abettor of the first settlements within her limits; who expended 
a large fortune u[)on his projects of discovery and colonization; who, when the coun- 
try was abandoned and denounced by others as too cold and dreary for human habita- 
tion, actually hired inen to pass the winter here to prove the contrary; and who died 
without reaping any substantial return for all his labors and outlays, leaving only a 
legacy of lawsuits to his descendants ? It is time that justice ■was done to liis mem- 
ory. From the small beginning he made, this community has become a wididy extend- 
ed, populous, and wealthy state — rich in her resources, and not less distin^'uisbed for 
the active enler[)rise and laborious industry of her jiopulation. She can well a(for<l to 
honor the memory of the man who foresaw all this, and devoted the energies of a long 
life to its consummation." 

The Sin and Danp;cr of Self -Love, described in a Sermon preached at Phjmovth, 
in New Knislaiul, i(i21, by Robert Cushmnn. With a Memoir of tlic Jnthor. 
Boston: Published by CharU's Kwor, and for sale by Crocker & Hrewster, 
Samuel G. Drake, Little ^: Brown, .lames Muiiroo & Company, Benjamin I'er- 
kins, and James Loring. Dec. 22, I84(i. 

The te.vt from which this sermon was written is, 1 Cor. x. : Q-1. Let no man sccK- his 
own: hut iccry man atiothcr's iccal(h. It is divided into two parts: 1. A Dihoitation^ con- 



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Nulurs of XiV P/fb!ic(i/ions. 



[Jan.' 




m i>ew r M:jiana, Jerrn, ,er 12, l.rjl." Tiics. ..even.l articles form a pampMet of 32 
pages, wo pnntecl wluci,, on account of its Christian a,ui patriotic pr „cn le sllld 




r.cdijj, .)c. M^y^ hvlb. London: E. Chuiton, -JU Ilullci Street, pp. 9]. 

The (Ictiication of the work is as follows ■ 
is S,;^,Sf?'l,^;f;;J"^ '^''' ^^'^'^' •^^^ ^'^-'-Sh, the first vOume of the Patriciaa 



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NEW ENGLAND 
IIISTOKTCAL AND GENEALOGICAL REGISTER. 



VOL. I. APRIL, 1817. NO. 2. 



s» 



^ 



iMEMOIR OF HON. SAMUEL SEWALL, 



CIUEF-JUSTUK or THE I'UOVINCE OF MASSACHUSETTS BAY. 



Samuel Shwall, son of Ilenry and Jane Sewall, was born al 
IJishop Stola-, in Ilampsliire, England, March 2S, lG-32. The fam- 
ily to which he belonged was ancient and re:?pectable. His great- 
•j'randfalher was a linen-draper of the cily of Coventry, "a j)rudent 
man, who acquired a great estate," and was more " than once chosen 
mayor of the city." His grandfather, Henry Sewall, born in loTG, 
came to New ]Migland, lived in Newbury and Rowley, Ms., and 

.; (lied about 1G3-'). Samuel, the subject of this memoir, was taught 
to read at Baddesly ; and was afterwards sent to a grammar-school 
at Rumsey, of which a Mr. Figes was master. In 16G1, he came 

! to New England with his motlu.-r, his father having removed here 
previously. He was immediately put under the instruction of Rev. 
Thomas Parker of Newbury, with whom he continued six years, 
till his entrance into Harvard College, in iGlJ7. His br.-t dugrce he 
received under President Chauncy, in 1G71. 

It was his original intcniion to i.'nter the Christian ministry ; and 
with a view to il, he studied divinity, commenced j)rcaehing, and 
received encoiu'agriiM.'nt to go \o Wcnidljrldgc, N. .1., ami settk' as a 
minister among that pet)plL-, who went from Newbury, where his 
fuller lived. JjuI !iis thoughts were pro!v,i!)ly diverted iVom the 
sacred profes.^ion by his marriage connection, in consecjuenee of 
which he came into possession of great weallli, and the means of 
iiilluence and u.selulnesb in i)al)lie life. He was married, l-'el). :2S, 
lG7t), liy Gov. Jh\ulstre-el, to Ilaimah Hull, daughter and m'Ic heir 
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of John Hull, l^sij., a i^^oKlsiiiiili and lii-hly rc-^pec-tablc merchant in 
Boston, luaslcr of llic mint lor inaiiy year.-, and t>nij of tin- Assistants 
in IGSo, the year in which he died 

Mr. Sewall was choseji one of the Assistants in Ki^l, 'G, and 'G 
when the Colony cliarler was annuHcd, and the ancient government 
was superseded Ijy a Presithait and CounciL In 1G"-S, during the 
oppressive administration of Sir Edmund Andros, when the titles 
of many to their lands, and oC his among odiers, were questioned 
and in danger of being forfeited, he ujade a voyage to England, f 
Bni on his return, in JGS9, Sir Edmund having withdrawn fronj the 
country, and the old Charter government having been revived, he 
resumed his seat at the Board of Assistants. In the Provincial 
charter, granted in 1G92, he was nominated to be of the Council; 
and afterwards, without interruption, was annually chosen and sat 
at the Board until 172;j, when being elected, he declined serving; 
having survived more than seven years all who were appointed 
with him to that ollice in (he charier. 

As one of the Assistants under the Colonial charter, iMr. Sewall 
was also ex ojjkio a Judge of the Sui)reme Court. Soon after the 
arrival of the Provincial charter in x^Iay, 1G9:2, but before any courts ll 
of justice had been established and organized under it, he was \ 
appointed one of the Judges of a Special Court of Oyer and Ter- rf 
miner for the trial of persons charged with witchcraft, William ^ 
Stoughton, Esq., being Chief-Jastice. It is well known, that at that ^ 
time there was a general persuasion, not only in New England, but " ' 
in the mother country, and throughout Europe, of llic reality of 
those impious compacts Avith Satan, into which persons guilty of 
witchcraft were supi)osed to have entered, and of that diabolical 
power or influence, by which they were believed to act.^ This 
court especially was under the delusion; and consequenlly nineUcn 
persons of the many who were indicted and arraigned before it at 
Salem for this crime, w^ere, at diiierent times, tried, condemned, and, 
\\\ pursuance of its sentence, executed. In this unhappy affair, tiie 

persons supposed o W m le.^^„o wii, ya,a„. A lu-l,Hm\v,tchcniU so |.rcv.il.cJ .a Knji.u 
as to hold Ml LoMcla.'e the .est ul ,„.■„, I'roof of th,.- is K.und m ihc '-nd .-anon m u de v 

srnrchMjgo.U tl,e,r sms, vvheli.er they have not .,„!,etinK.s ),....n iruil.v c f v c k'" A^ T^^^ 

01 wtchcrat was a.lnutled by l.ord ]5aeon and Mr. Add,..,;. J r 1 o nu re . ha, 

o" he ttu I? r, , ^'^"^ "-'^ ^''^ mentioned not to ju.tdy Mr. Sewall and his a.sooL.es 
elm 'vrwh -h -w, 1, "7 ■ ','V"^'"'' "' .^'•''•^■""^' 'l'^'"- ='- pecuharlv ^nilty. The severe 
MatV-m , er o^^^^7^^^^^^^^ 'r I'^'"i'l^'"' ■^^'l'--'^' (lov.AV.nthrop, Dr. Cotton 

oi inanlvuid. I his belief was the //w/i/a of the day. 






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i IS 17.] Hon. Sarmic! ScwalL 107 

Jiidv^cs prorcrdi'd with i^rcat caiitioii, ;(.-kiiiL,' advico of -omc ot llio 
wisfst aiul best iiicii in the coiiiiiuuiily, and liavini; ihc cuiuitfuaiice 
of riili-TS, rnitils!«'i>, and in irrncral of all classes of rneii. But llie 
delusion was soon iiiad(; inanifi'-t. Judge Sewall in pariienlar was 
convinced of his error, in the part wdiich he had Ir^ken in the court 
of trials; and ol'leii diseovcre<l deep rcLTet and humiliation C)n 
account of it. lie notes j)ariieul;u-|y in his .Journal ol Dee. "il. 
lO'.X), on oeea>ion of his son SaniueTs reeiiini: to him in Ijatiu a 
portion of Matthew xii, " the 7th verse did awfully brini^ to mind 
lli(! Salem Tragedie." And at a pul.lie Fast, .Tan. 11, 1G97, in the 
order for which there was some referiaice to the doings of that court 
of Oyer and Terminer, and when he was under much aillietion on 
account of the deaili of an infant dan-hter and other troubles and 
crosses, he presented to Kev. Samuel W'illard. his mini-^ter, a '* bill,"' 
which was read in the wor>hipi)ing assemi)ly ; (he standing up 
while I\Ir. Willard r^ad it. and bowing in token o( assent when he 
had done:) in wliieji, while with much delicacy lie ap[)ears to have 
studiously avoided saying any thing that might seem to implicate 
the other judges, he acknowledged his own guilt in the decisions of 
tliat court, asked the [)ardon of it both of God and man, and depre- 
cated the Divine judgments on account of his sin or the sin ot any 
other person, upon himself, his family, or the land. 

But though he llius conthmuicd himself for the part lie had acted 
in the trials at Salem, yet the public conlldcnee did not ajipear to 
have been shaken, either in him or the other .Judges. For on the 
first appointment of Judges of the Superior Court, under the 1^-ovin- 
cial charter, Dec. G, l(iO:2, Mr. Sewall was chosen one. The others 
were William Stoughton, Chief-Justice, Thomas Danforth, John 
Richards, and Wait-Still Winthrop, each of whom, excejjting ]\Ir. 

; Danforth, had been members of the Court of Oyer and Terminer. 
April K), 171S, he was appointed to succeed Wait-Still Winthrop 

i as Chief-Justice of the Superior Court. And although from various 
causes there were numerous changes in this court in his day, yet 
he still retained his st-at on the bench until 17:.''^; when, in conse- 
quence of his advanced years and increasing infirmilii's, he resigned 
it; having survived more tlian ten years all those wiio had been 
members of that court from the beginnim:, and iiaving olliciated 
in this capacity under the Colonial and l^'ovincial govenimenls 
upwards of forty years. At the same time, he also re.-igned his 
ollice of Judge of I'roliate for the county of Suifolk, to which he 
had been ui)pointed by Lieut. CIov. 'j'ailer, in 171'). •■■ • 



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C'hicr-.In.stiee Scwall v.a.s a iiiaii d (li-liii^aii.--lu,'d pii-iy. lie 
feared (lod iVoiu lii.-s yoiilli, and ajipareiitly made il ihe main end 
o( his life to ^^dorify the (lud (if hi.s fathers, by waliviuL^ humbly and 
uiiblainablv belnie him. He was einiiienlly a devi.)ut uiaii ; con- 
stant and cxemphn-y in hl.-^ altendance on ihi; woi^hij) of Clod, both 
in his family, aii'l in the j)abrK^ assemljly. lie was a must diliijeut 
hearer of ihi; j)reaihiMg of the gospcL This is |)roved by his 
numerons manu^eripl vohunes which still remain, euntainiiiL; the 
texts and ^a'lierai ontlines of sermons and lectures, which he heard 
both at home and abroad. lie wt)uld often devote a whole day to 
fastin^^, reading the scriptures, and lommimion v.ilh CJotl in secret. 
On such occasions, he would be abundant in prayer not only for 
himself, family, and near connections, Ijut would al.-.o frciiuenlly 
])our out his enlarged desires in cojiious intercessions, (minutely 
emimerated in many in.-itanccs in his Journal.) on behalf of the 
college ; the civil and religious interests u[ the lt)Wii, province, and 
land in which he dv/clt ; the aboriginal iidiabilants and African 
slaves ; the destruction of papal tyranny, su[)er.Tiition, and u.-urpa- 
tion ; the universal e.\ten>ion and establislnnenl of Christ's Idngdoai' 
lie was a diligent student of the Scri|)lures, reading them in their 
inspired originals; and was prayerfully solic-itous not only to receive 
and obey tlx-ir instructions, but al.-o, that the faith, worshij), and 
jiraetic'c of the whole church of (iod should be in exact cunlormily 
with them. ^JMie jirophelic portions of the sacred volume he read 
with an in([ul.-ilivc mind, and held some opinions rc-pctiiiig the 
events ])redicted in them, wliieh would lie considered singular at the 
j)resenl tlay. T'pon tlie>e and kintlred topics, he toolv a deep inter- 
est in conversing and corresponding with tht; IJoston clergy gener- 
• ally, and with such men abroad as the llcv. ^Missr^. lligginsonand 
Noyes of Salem, "Wise o( Ipswieh, 'J\)rrey of A^^•ymoUlh, AValter 
of lloxbury, ;\iid Sloddard of Xordiami)lon ; Prcsideni W.idsworlh 
of Harvard College, and Ivcctor Williams o{ Yale College; Cov. 
Saltt)nslall of Connecticut andCIov. IJurnet of Xev/ Yorh. after- 
wards of Massachusetts ; with most (}{ w hom, renmanis ^.f his 
correspondence on the.-(^ subjiH'ts are still in I'xisteuce. In H-'J? he 
published a work whicli he (h'dicated to Sir William .V.-hmsl and 
Lieut. Gov. Stoughton, called " lMi;enomena (,|na'dam .Vpocalyp- 
tica,"' of which there was a stn'ond edition in IT'.'T; and in 1713 
another work styled "Proposals touching the ^Vciomi)lishmenl of 
Proi)liecies." IJotli of these productions c)f his |)en wire apjiarenlly 
uuich r(\id in his time, thou'di thev have now l)eci>me (.il'>ii!cle. 



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.Indite Si'.wall was warmly nlladicd lo tliat sysicivi of faith, and 
10 those forms of worship aiul L'ovcniinrnt in ih(! church, \'.liich 
were embraced and jM-acii-iMl hy ihc l-'nriiiiii scitlfrs of \r\v hlii^- 
jaiul. Occasionally lie cmployi'd his pen in their ilhi.-lraiion and 
(lefeiico. And he was slronL'Iy oppo-ed to any iiinovniioiis in 
doctrine, as well ;is jimIous of any cerenionii's or n-^aires in divine 
service, that savored of hiunaii in\rnlii)n. Siill he ahlioncd perse- 
cution, and exereiseil candor loward< lho-e who dillered iVotn hiin 
ill their modes of worshiji or discijiliiie. 

ITe possessed an ardent di-ire for the niiiversal spread and 
ol)e(lienl rc^cepiion of the gospel among ni'inkind. lie 1)ec-;imr' 
particularly iiil<'resled in the spiritual condition of the aboriginal 
natives, whom he Ijelit'ved, with the aposlle ]-'!iol, to be descendants 
of ihe ten eaptivi; tribes <if Israel. To eneour:ii''e tjie pravini: 
riKJians at Natlek, he oeeasionally i\iet with ihem in tlirir worship, 
and frequently gave them peevmiarv a.-<is!;mce. 'i'o iho-e at 
Sandwich, he contributed largely for building a mectinL:-hous(>. 
And from Mather's Magnalia it would seem, diat for some Indian 
congregation he erected a house oi worship entirely at his own 
expense. TTenc(? those Indians '-prayed for him under this character, 
'He lovelh our nation for he hath built us a synagogue.'*' 

His zeal on belialf of the Indian natives beinij j<nown, he was 
chosen in 1099 one of the Conmiissioners of the Siiciety in Eng- 
land for the ]'roi);igrition of the Ciosi)el in New l-aigland and 
parts adjacent; and shortly after, llnir Secretary and Treasurer. 

His sympathy for the enslaved Africans was very great. In 1700 
lie published a tract, enlilled '• The Si-Hing of Joseph," in which he 
advocated their rights. In writing to Judge Addington Davenport, 
just before he sal on the trial of Samuel Smith of Sandwich, for 
killing his negro, he uses the following language: '• I'he jjoorest 
boys and girls in this Province, such as are of the lowest condition, 
whether they be English, or Indians, or Ethiopians; they have the 
same right to religion and life, that the richest heirs have. And 
they who go about to deprive them of this riijht attempt llu> bom- 
barding of Heaven; and the shells they throw will I'all down on 
their own heads." 

John Sallin, a judge of the same court with Judge Sewall, and 
a shive-holder, jirinted an answer to " The Selling of Jose])h," lo 
which Judge Sewall alludes in a letter to Rey. John Higi^inson of 
Salem, then the oldest minisler in the Province, and one of the 
most venerated men in New iMigland. The letter is dated April 



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13, 170G, and the aIlu.slon is, "Amidst llie frowns and hard v/ords 1 
have met with for this undertaking, it is no small refre.-hinent to me, 
that I have the learned, reverend and aged Mr. IIii,'ginson for my 
abettor. By the interposition of this breast work, I hope to carry 
on and manage this enterprise with safety and snccess,"' In a letter 
to Henry Newman at London, afterwards agent for the Province of 
New Hampshire, whieli accompanied a copy of " The Selling of 
Josejih," he desires liim to do something "towards taking away 
this wicked j)raetiec of Slavery," expressing the opinion tliat 
there would '-be no progress in gosjjelling" until slavery was 
abolished. 

Judge Sewall was a proficient in classical learning, and a friend 
of learning and learned men. Such was the confidence in his 
wisdom and discernment by the founders and Trustees of Yale 
College, that he was employed by them in 1701, together v.'ilb ... 
Hon. Isaac Addington, to draw up statutes for the regulation of %\ 
their infant seminary. And of Harvard College, of which he was 
sometimes a Ilesident Fellow, and afterwards, as a member of the 
Council, one of the Board of Overseers for many years, he was a 
warm and steady friend and liberal benefactor. ^ 

In his judicial capacity, he was a person of distinguished inleg- Wl 
rity and uprightness; administering the laws of the land with -yi 
justice and impartiality, mingled with clemency; a terror to cvii |^ 
doers, and a praise lo such as did well. fdk 

He was also a person of eminent humility and meekness, '^. 
benevolence and charity. His house was a seat of hospitaUly, 
ever open to all good men. The learned found Ijim an intelligent " 
companion ; the ministers of the gospel a liberal patron and friend. 
Pie visited the fatherless and widow in their aflliction, and gave 
much alms to the needy, especially to indigent ministers or their 
bereaved families. He distributed in the course of the last year 
ol his life four hundred copies of such publications as Milchel on 
the Glory of Heaven, Walter on the Holiness of Heaven, Lee's 
Triumph of Mercy, Mather's Mighty Saviour, Mather's Glory of 
Christ, Higginson's Legacy of Peace, Loring on the New Birth, 
The Strait Gale, Faith and Fervency in Prayer, Gibbs's Sermon to 
Little Children, as is particularly noted in his Almanac for that 
year. His last illness was of about a month's continuance. He 
died in a triumphant hope of immortal life and glory, on the morn- 
ing of Jan. 1, 17:29-30, in the seventy-eighth year of his age. 

Judge Sewall was thrice married; 1. lo Hannah Hull, daughter 



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of lion. John Hull; 2. lo widow Ahii^ail Tilley; and 3. to 
' widow IMary Gibbs, who survived him, IJ.- had children by his 
first wife only; namely, seven sons and seven daughters. Of 
iho^-e fourteen children only six lived to mature age. and only three 
survived him. We purjiosely omit in this article a further account 
I of the family, as we intend to give in some future No. of this work, 
a full Genealogical Memoir of the Sewall Family. 

Judge Sewall left numerous volumes of manuscrijMs, indicative 
of his industry and attentive observation. Among them, beside 
several small volumes of a miscrllaiieous character, are, 

1. A Journal of occurrences, vVc., from Dec, 1673, to July, 
1G77. This was destroyed by a fire at l]oston, in 18:24 ; but a copy 
of it had been previously taken, which yet remains. 

3. Three volumes of .Journals, from Feb., 10^1— 3, to Oct., 1729, 
within three months of his death. Also, a small volume, beino- a 
Journal of his voyage to Fngland, \'c., in IGS^. 

3. A Letter Book, containing coj)ies of his letters to his cor- 
respondents, and in some instances, of theirs to him; from Feb.? 
1085-6, to f^ept., 1729. 

4. A Common Place Book in quarto, containing extracts from 
authors in English and Latin on various subjects which he had 
read. 

5. Five volumes in 12mo, containing sketches of sermons 
and lectures, which he heard at home and abroad. 

For most of the above facts, we are indebteti to the Rev. Samuel 
Sewall of Burlinirton, and the late John Farmer, Esq., of Concord, 
N. II. ^ 



LETTER OF THE FIRST CHIEF-JUSTICE SEWALL TO HIS SON, 
SAMUEL SEWALL, ESQ, OF BROOKLIXE. GIVING AN ACCOUNT 
OF HIS FAMILY. 

Boston, J}iril 21,1120. 
Dear Son, 

You have often desireil, that I woulii i^ive you sunio account of the family of 
whicli yuu art'. And allho' I .im mncli h-ss ah e to .Im- any thin:,' of this nature now 
vvh.'ii I have hooti leltofiiiy dear I'arouts verv near l^seniv years, vet considering the 
Ioniser I slay, the more unlil I ^hall lie, lak.' what 1 have to'^.iy as follow s ; 

ilr. Henry Sewall, tiiy i;ieat Grandfather, was a Linen l)rnj)er in the Citv of Coven- 
try in Great Ijritain. He ac(]uirecl a gieat Estate, was a priiJ.ent Man, and was more 
than once chosen Mayor of the City. 

Mr. Henry .Sewall, my (.'randfather, was hi^ eMcjt Sun, who out of dislike to the 
F-n^hsh Hierarchy .sent over his only Son, niv I'alher, .Mr. lleniy Sewall. to New 
En^l.uid in the year li').!I, with .\el Catlel and Fnmsioii- sui.ihle for a new I'lantalion. 
Mr. Colton would have had niv Father -eltle at Uo^ton ; hut in re::arJ ofliis Catlel he 
ehobe to li'-c to .N'.'w hiiry, wliiilier tiiy (Jran.lfather soon followed him. Wh.'re al.-o rny 
<.'randl.ilh.'r .Mr. SL-phen Duniincr and .Mice his wit.' Iil.rwi«e dwelled und.-r the 
Ministry ol' the Jieveiend .^l^. 'I'hoaias I'aiucr and .Mr. Jaiin'.s .\oves. 



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n-2 Ullrr of Cliirf-Jii.s/irc Srvall. [April, 

On Ihe-J.'illi Min-li, li'.l''., Uirlianl Salloii'^nll. F.-q. Grandfatlipr of GiirJon Saltoiv 
St ill. Kill- now (JDvenioiir t.>i" CiKim'ciii'ui. juiiifJ to_'i't!ii'r in Mirriiiu'"' niy littier Mr. 
Henry Si'UmII, and rnv Molln-r Mr-. .I.uii' Dunim.'r, cKlf-t Child of Mr. Sl.>|ilH-n Durr;- 
rner afoiesaid, and Alice las wifj ; tiiy I'-iiIilt laiiij ihen alioiil LlJ, and my M'jllier 
about l',< years of aire. 

But the Clitnit h-iti^ not ai;rep\ldt? to niy Grandf ither and Grandmolhcr Dummer, 
(who've Aliideii ij.ut)" was Archer) tliey relnrned to Kniiiand the \\ inter follow ing, and 
niy Father with tlieni. and d\ielt av\liih-> at \V.iru;ck. and afterwaids rer.iovrd to 
Hani[)-^hire. My Sister Hannah Tappin, their oldest Chihi, was born at 'I'unworlh 
M.iy iu;h, 1010. Hiptised by Mr. H.iskins. I was born at Cishop Stoke, March '^H, 
1C5"2; so thai the li^ht of the Lord's Ray was the first jiijht that rny Kyes iaw,bpin» 
born a little b More daybreak. I was b.i[)lised by Mr. Uishlv. (sornetirtio Member of 
the Olil Chnreli in IJosioa) in Stoke Church May ttli, \<'>i'i->. Mr. Rashly first preached 
a Sermon, aiid then baptised me. After whioli an enli-rtainment was made fi>r him and 
many m^re. S )me mon'.hs alter, my Father rerijovod to B.ide^ly, wliere my Brother 
.Tohn Sewall was born Oct. H). li'i-'»I, and was baptised in mv Father's Honse Nov. 22 
by Mr. Hi'ury Cok, .^Iinister of Bisliop Stoke. Nlv brotlier Stephen Sewall was born 
at Bade-ly Au,'. I'Jth, 1i'>.j7, baptised in niy lather's house by the said I^Ir. Cox. * ♦ 
* * * My Father hail maile one Voyai,'o to New Kngland to visit my Grandfather 
Mr. Henry Sewall. And in the year ]i'>y.i. he went thither ai;ain; his rents at Newbur}' 
cominii to very little when remitted to F.niiland. In my father's al>sence, OcIoUt 2,\ 
li'ij'J, my Sister J, me Gerrish was born at Badesly and was bajitised by Mr. Cox at 
Bishop Stoke in the honse of Mr, Boys. 

At this B.ideslv, by the merciful ;:oodiiess of G.>il, I was tau.Tht to read T'.ni:lish. And 
afterwards was eilncated in the (Jrunmar School at ivumsey of which Mr. Fiycs was 
.Master. 

Mv blather sent lor my Mother to come to him to New En^rland. I remersibjr being 
at Bishop Stoke and B.idesly, April 2'!, Uol, the day of the Coronation of K Charles 
the 2d, the Thunder and Li^hteninL': of it. (iuickly after my Mother went to Win- 
Chester with G small Ciiildren, ll.innah, Samuel. John. Stephen and Jane; and John 
NasVi and .^la^y IbiKs Iit Servants; there to be in a readiness for the Pool AVaij^'ons. 
At this place her near Relations, especially mv very worthy and pious Uncle Mr. Ste- 
phen Dummer took loav(> with Te irs. Cipt. Dummer of Swathlini; tre.itcd us with 
Raisins and .•\lrnond--. My Mother lod^etl in Pump-yanl I.,ondon, waiting; lor the jroin* 
of the Ship, the prudent Marv, Capl. Isaac Wool^reen Commander. Went by water 
to (iraves l!nd where the Ship lav. Took in She.'p at Do\cr. Pas5eni,'ers in tiie Sliip 
at the same time' were M.ijor Drown, a yonn;^ brisk Merchant, ami a considerable 
Freighter, Mr. (Jilhert and his wife, He was Minister at Top-field: Madam liradstreet 
[then Gardener] Mrs. Martha, Mr. Pitkins Sister, who died lately at Windsor, and many 
others. We were about eight weeks at Sea, where we had nothing to see but AS'ater 
and the Sky; so thai I began to fear I sliouid never get to Shoar again : only I thought 
the Capt. and Mariners would not have ventured ihemselves if they had not hopes c-f 
getting to Land agun Capt. ^Voodgrcen arrived here on Salteniay. I was oveijoyed 
to see Land again, e5[)ecially bi-in^' so near it as in the Narrows. 'Twas so 'ate by that 
time we got to the Castle, that our men iield a discourse with them whether they 
should lire or no, and reckoned 'twas agreed not to doe it. But presently after the Castle 
fired; which much displeased the Ship's Company; and then they fired. On the Lord's 
day my Mother kept aboard ; but I went ashoar, the Boat grounded, ami I was carried 
out in arms July G, lijol. My Mother lodg'd at Mr. Richard Collicott's. Tliis week 
there was a publick Thanksgivini:. My Father hastened to Boston and carried his 
Family to Newbury by Water in Mr. Lewis * * * Brother Tapan has told me our 
arrival there was niton Lecture-day \s hich was Wednesday. Mr. Urdway carried me 
ashore in his Canoe. We sojourned at Mr. Titcomb's. My Father presently sent me 
to school to the Reverend and Excellent Mr. Thomas Parker, with w bom 1 continued 
till my entrance into the College ; being admitted by ihe very learned and pious Mr. 
Charles Chauncey. 

Sept. 3. It'iOo j\Iother was brought to bed of Sister Anne, Mr. Joshua Moodey the 
Minister's IMother being her Midwife. Baptised by Mr. Parker. 

May 8. IGi'j.^ Sister Mehetabel was born : Ba].tised by Mr. Parker. She became wife 
to the midwife's Grandson Mr. William Moodey. Dorothy Sewall (now Korthend) was 
born Oct. -i'J. IGOS. Baptised by Mr. Parker. 

At this time the commencement was in AiiLjust. In the vear 1C'')7 my Hither I)rought 
me to be adinitted, by which means I he.ird Mr. Rich.ird Mather of Dorchester preach 
Mr. Wilson's Funeral Sermon. " )'"i/;- J'lithirs irh'ic an- t/m/ .<"' I was .uimiittii by the 
very learned and juous .Mr. (,'harles Ch.iuncey, who gave me my first Decree in the 
year 1G71. There were no M.isters in th.it ye.ir. 'J'hi'se Bachelours were ihe last Mr. 
Ch iUncey gave a degree to, for he died the February following. 

Ill July JG7J, Dr. Hoar came over with his Laily and sojourned with your Graiulfa- 



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1^17.] Col. douhins Letter. 113 

tScr Ilnll. II" (Dr. II vu) was my Aunt Quiiirey"^ Hrotlior, .ini! preachf^il as an a«-ist- 
iint, lo the U'.-v. Mr 'riiunas Tliacher at tlio S'oulli Cliurcli. Tli(» Collff^c- quickly 
cilli'd liim ti> lio I'l. ■-;.!. •III. Ik' \v.\> iiislallfd in tlii- Cull<'i;L- Hall in l)._'>-ctiil)'T 107-2. 
C,)V. I'..'llin^h:un l.iv 'lead in his Ilmisc, ami Dcp. (^n-. I.i'vi.-rftt was the Chief Civil 
.M.i;,'islrat prcsiMit at tliat Sulciiuiity. The Maroli folhiwiiig .Mis. ]5iiJg(--l Hnar. now 
Cotton, was lioiii in C ini'TJ.!:;'^ In loTI I took my 'M Di'LTfc, aiui Mis. Hannah Hull, 
my lii'ar Wid?, yoni lii-mdnred .M.'tlier, wa-. invitivl by tin: i)r. and his Lady to be with 
Idem a wiiile at Caiii'.ind^c She - iw ii;-' when I took my Doirr'''' ami sot Irt afh c'ion 
on mo, tlio' I knew nothinirrf it till alliTonr Marria^'e ; which was February '-""ll». 
l('i7J0. (Jov. ISrad-treet in irrie 1 us in that wi> call the Old Hall; 'twas then all in 
one, a very liru'^' Uoom. A-; I nni'Mu'i'T. .M idani 'J'hicher and Madam I'ai^i-, with 
whom Gov. HiaiUtreel hn mled, \ ibilcil n> the ne.vtdav. 

Oil the •J>1 of April, 11.77, it p'c i-e 1 ( i .d i,i f i\ our us with tlie birtli of your brother 
I'- John Sewall, our ("irsl-boni. In .Inn • I'.T-^ y>u w iMe bun. Your biolher liveil till the 
% September f.)llowinL', and then died S.i tl, ,I l<; '.'h/ imde-erved Goodness of God your 
Mother and I iievi-r wcri' wiihout a child .I'.'iir il.'' '.'d of Ajiril Jt'i77. 

In the Fall liwS^ I w ,is seize, 1 with the .•^mil! I'.u-ks and bron^iit very near to tteath ; 
so near th.it I was reported to lie dead. Tut it pl.MSfd (.'OD oi Lis Merry to Recover 
me. Miillitudes died, two of my special Fiiends: vi/. .^lr. .lohii Noye<. and Knsign 
Benjamin ThirNton, w ho botii iii''d \vhilc I lay «ick : ;'.:id Mr. Willi iiii Jtunimcr, Son 
of Jeremiah Huinin'r l".-q, a-eil a!i mt 1,' yea,-. I'ie-,.-nt 1 s' alter ins' \b'CM\cry, in 
December, Col. Town-i-nd and 1 were b,Mreis to Mr. .lo-eph T.ippin. one ol the most 
noted Shop keepers in llo.-lon 

Anil now M-hat shill I n-nder to the I, on) |",.r all his liMiefit-. ' Th':' ifood Lord help 
me lo walk humbly and 'i'ii inkl'ally with Him all my d ly- : aiul luoiil by Men ie^ and 
hv Alilictions ; ih.it thr,)U'.'h F.iith ami l'.itieii,-e Innya!-o indue time fully inherit 
liie Promises. Let us incessantly pr,i\' tor each other, that it may h'^ so ! 

S.\.mi'i;l Skw.m.l. 

Jiigt. 2o, 17 JO. ... , , , . 

[Postcript to the above letter, by the son of tlie writer, Samuel Sewall, I'sq., of 
Brooklin •• to whom the letter was a,ldrcs~e,l. 

"June ;jnth. 17.".'. llec' tiie followiiii: a.-i of mv Hon ' F,ilher : viz. my fiieal flrand- 
father Sewall lived at .\e\sbury at Ohi TuWii l.ieen where the llrst Nleciini; House 
Stood; and upr)n the llemoval of the Mectini; House where it now stands (bein^JT Mr. 
Tappin's .Mei-tinLT Honx') [[^ sold his Hou^c and tJrouml and moved lo Rowley wheie 
he died and u as Ikiried.' J 



COL. (JOOKIX'S LKTTKll TO i;i;V. NATllAMKL COOKIX OF UVAV- 

TO.\ X. II. 

JViiludilphia, f' -JJ' 1710. ; 
Dr. SR 

'J'he business of y"' Province sometimes requins me to visit y'^' e.xtreme parts of 
it and 1 am often obliijed to slay at New C,i>lle y chief town oi y ne.xl ii'ovcinmeiit, 
and by that means miss manv opportunities of answcrin;^ my friends' letters, this and 

t !_ ._ .. (!..!_ * . !* „ .1 ■ » I I , . ..--,„.■. _- . «... l.„ ..., 1 1.^ ^ .. I iV^r^ 




— y 1' .• .- "-■, -.,., ....... , -- - - 

in writim,' in an unkind seii'-o, but believe 1 have a due regard for all my lelations and 
tlial I am in a more p.irticul.ir manner 

I Superscription.] D' Coss" y' very alFec'^' Kin-'man 

To lh.j Reveiend Mr. iNatld (.'ookin, and Sent 

att Hampton, N. Hamp-hire, Chas. (Jookin. 

Ficc Cu. Ctunl.in. via j;ovt,_in. 



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[April, 



IirSTORY OF THE IMLCiRIM SOCIETY, 

WITH A liUlEr ACCOUNT OF TIU: KARLV SKTTr.CMrNT OF n.Y.MOrTIl COLONY. 

As introductory to a lujtico of the Pili^nim Society, the narra- 
tion of a few I'act.s in reference to the early M'lllenicnt of New 
Enuhunl may bt; neither inapprojjriate nor unintererilin:^^ II will 
serve also to elucidate more iully the objects ol the Society. 

Rclii^Mous persecution was the chief cause of the emii^ration of 
our forel'athers to this country. 'i'he memorable Reformation, 
cllected principally by the instrumentality of Luther and Calvin, 
appeared in England in 150-1, under Henry VIII. During its pro- 
gress, in the reigns of .Mary, ]']li/:abelh, and James I., those who 
were ilenominatei-l Puritan.- "^^ were subjected to the mo.-t cruel op- 
[)ression. Thousands suil'ered martynJom ; nianv were banished; 
and olher.s were doomed to jxTpriual imprisonment. 

Those Puritans who lived in the north of I']ngland wire, on 
account cjf their dispersed state, divided, in the year IGUtJ, into two 
distinct churches. \\'^ith one of lliesi; was coimeeled the celebrated 
John Robinson, who afierwards bec-auje its mini.-^ler. Persecuted 
for non-conformiiv 'o the establi.>hed church, he, with a part ol his 
congregation, that they might worship Clod according to the dic- 
tates (if their consciences, removed in J007-S \o Am>terdam, in 
Holland, where religious toleration was then sanctioned by lav/; 
antl soon after, (in IGOO.) they v/ent to licyden, where they formed 
themselves into a church, according to the pattern prescribed, as 
ihey supposed, ijy the word of (iod. In that jjlace they remained 
till dieir removal to America. " Their motives for this," (their 
removal,) "wen- to preserve the morals oi their youth; to prevent 
them, through want of employment, iVum leaving their [larcnts and 
engaging in business unfriendly to religion; to avoid \\\v. incon- 
veiuenees of incor))orating with the Dutch; to lay a foumlalion for 
propagating the gt)spel in the n-mote jiarts of the world; and, by 
separating from all the existing eslat)lishuients in hlurope, lo lorni 
the model of a pure church, free from the admixture of human 



* Tlio Xerm Piin'tiiii w.is orii^inally a ti-riii of rt'iiroacli. ihuiuli now mie ol' coiinnenila- 
lion. Nl-,iI, ill liis Ilisturv of tlie riint;ins, .spoailc^ iKii^ of then: : " ll a 111:111 iiiiiinuimi-il liij 
Mf.uly ailliLTfiiic U) the ilm-lriiK-s ol Calvin ami tlio Syiii.d wl" lior! ; H li<' ko;il liio ^^.lbl';(ll^ 
and ln't|uciilL-il stTinoiis ; iC In; iiiaiiilaiia-tl raniily rcli-iuii ami wkuKI iiciIIht >ufar nor lie 
ilriiiilc. ihir roiiijily wall the la>lihjii.il"U' vioi'.> nl' ilic liiiit.'>. lu; was cilli-il a I'l 1: 1,4.' The 
I'unlaiis aro>e in liie ivii;il i>(" ( iiioiM lib/ ilnla. Al'uT llif laimnis Act ot' Umloriiiity, or, as 
It i> i-.illcil, the Uarlhuluiauw Art, pa^-cd by llic luiyii.-sli I'ailiameiil. in li.r.J. tUcy were 
(mIIi'iI Xou-coiilbrini>ts. ^iiu'e that jicTiod tl'icy have bocn more I'cnc.'ally deiio!:iina;cJ 
Dis»entcis. 



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H17.] 



Pih'r'iDi >^urirti/. 



115 



addilioii^;." ^^"llal Lord IJrougliani, of "J'Ji^hind, has saitl of tlic 
N(>rlli Amcricati c-oIoh'k's in iri'iirral, is luosl siriclly and (anpliali- 
cally true of i!r\-c iiidi\ idiial> in parlicadar. "All idra of w i-ahh 
or pleasure was out o\' ihe (lU('sru)u. Tlic greater j)art *>( tlieui 
viewed tlu'ir euli^u•all(.)u as lakiuL' up the cross, and l)ounded tla'ir 
hopes of weallli to the ijilV of the Spirit, and their a;iiliitieai to the 
dcsir(? of a liingdoni l)evt)nd the i:rav(\ A Mt of men more; con- 
scientious in their doini^'s, or siuiph^ in ilieir maimers, never founded 
;uiy common wealth." 

Sueli were the reasons which in(hiccd the foundiTS of New 
England to leave all that was dear to them in l^ngland and Holland, 
and to remove to ihe.-e then inhospitaMe .-liores; rea-ons sullieient 
to alfeet tlu> minds, hearts, and conduct of some oi' tiie best men 
that ever lived. Spi'aking of tliem, (,!overnor Sloughton reniarked. 
''God sificd a A\Iiole nation that he miglit send choice grain over 
into this wildcrncs.-.'' 

In accoiiipli.-hiiig their ohjeet, "it was agreed by the English 
congregation at Lcvden, that some of their )uunbcr should go to 
America to make preparation for tlu; rest. ^Ir. lutbinson,^ their 
minister, was prevailcii on to stay with the greater part at T.cydcn ; 
i\rr. ]5rewster,t their elder, v.;is t;) accom]iauy the fir.-t advcutmiTS, 
but these and their brethren remaining in Holland were to continue 
10 be one church, and to receive each other to Christian coumnmion 
without a formal dismi>sion, or te>iimoniaI. Several of the congre- 
gation sold their c.-'aU's and made a couunon Ijank, which, 1<^gelhcr 
with money received from other adventurers, ena'.jled them to pur- 
chase the Speedwell,! a ship of sixty tons, and to hire in I'higland 



* Thf ][rv. Mr Ito'.m-.ui never eaine \n ?;.-\v lln.-limd ii- !ic inl.'ivl.-d ; Imt <Vn .1 ;il,Ley- 
dfii. Mireli 1, I'.j'i, Ml t!io liHielh vear ul' l.i> ii-e. I1i>\vhK.\v ami elukii-oil allcrvvai;!- eauie 
\o I'iyiuoiilli. }.!,- l.'u'.iiivMl iv.iMVeil a Uliiver-i!v e.lMealinii in 1 Ji-laiul, aiul iwulvd amulli: 
Ila- lir^l (liMiie- ..f In-! a-e I'riiiec, ihe New llii-laiul Aiiiki1i~i. m lii> C'hroii.il..-y, thus 
•■peal:- ..f luiii : - He wa^ liijhlv c-teeiiie,l Im/Ji l.y tiie eiiy and mii\tT>ilv ul" l.eyleii. I.>r lii> 
Ic.iiiiiiu'. pi.-lv. inuilenilioii, and e\ee!lenl aeeompli-linienls. The lua- islrate>, elcri-'V, and 
sclii>l.;r> l.iini-nU'd In- ilea'.li a> a |iiiM;e !..->.'' . 

t Mr Wiili.iiii i;rew>!ei-\\.ivlHnn ni Kni land , l-'" 0. u a- eiliiraled at iho 1 iiiver-il y ol ( am- 
l.ndL.'e,andl.eeaniea/e,,;.M.- I'ni.iau. 1 1.,- r- -id,d ,u ihe umll: ..| laiuland and w lua llie ehnreli 
wa> I.Ttia-d over wlnelMlie llev. .M--.-I-. Ilhl.ard Cidlon and .l.iliii lIol.niM.ii w ere I'.daiiiod 
as pasiiir.-.. the nieinliers met al hi- hon-e .ui l,.>id'> dav li.r wor^lni). so Kaiir as ihey wore- 
nfrniHted hv ihe ei\ il aullior.lie-. When llie cdiinvh. wiih ih.'ir |ia-I..rs. <ia aerounlul persc- 
culi.Mi. had reniovd lu llullaial. Mr. I'.rew-ier was eUei.'d Umiu:' I'.lder All.r ihc arrival 
ofllu- i'lLrnn-al I'Unionlii, he u-.ia!lv pieaeiied to iheiu lui ■> everv SaLLalh I.ir nine \ ears, 
;:-lh.'v hu\ la.re.'n'ar nuni-!erl.ll Mr. Kalidi Sin.lh was ..rdaine.l the, r pastor, ni I'.-M; l.ul 
he ncv.Tadniini-Iered the -aer.iinen!-.. I le was a in. in ni whom llu; eliureli rejio-ed llie 
ino-i nnhniited eonlldetiec^ in re>;,eel In all then- -pinlnal aliairs. l"or piety he was einnieut. 
J'or hnn,.iii a- well a-sae,ed l.teralnre. he h.i.l a -re,, I ia-,e ; and at In.- iloalli, whieli ..eearred 
April M. I'U 1. hrinLT ^ ; ve ir- oM, he lel'i a hind-oin,' I '.larv vahu-d in that ,lav at /■'■tii-tlucc 
ponnd-, a eatalo..'iie ul' wiiieh is to he t'oiind in the coloav reein'ds. — . I ''. v"v /,' .- Ihrl. 

1 'Hie ship S.> Kv,-ll. eoniniaad.'d hv ("apl. K.-vnod-. ;,rov.-d t il.\ .mi \\u'.,\ lor iho 

vov.i^JO, and was di>ehar-ed Iroiii serviee heli.re Iho JM-nni- leit I'U inonlh U l,e whole 
eoinpanV: llierelbrc, whieh e.wnc over lo ihi- .■onnlry. we;e iM--.,nucr.s m tie; .May Mower 



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11'") History i,f (he [April, 

tlio M:iy Flowor, a yliip of one liiimlrfcl and ci^'lily loiis, for the 
inloiulccl oiilcrprisc." ^ 

'PIr' A)|li)\\iMi:; i;ra|)liic (Icsci-iprKUi of iIk; allarlmu'iil of llic Pil* 
ijrirns to imcIi oilirr. and of llicir pious \i('\vs and IVcliim^s on llic 
orca-^ioii of tln-lr scjiaralioii, i.s I'ouud in Morton's Xi'W J'aigliiiid 
Memorial. 

'■ Ec'iiii,' |)rcparcd to depart, they had a solemn day of iiumlliation, 
the pastor leaeliing a ]Kirt of the day very profitably, and -uitably to 
the present oeeasion ; the text of Seripturc was Ezra viji : :21. The 
rest (.ij the time was spent in ponrini^ out of prayers unto the Lord, 
with great ferveney, mi.\''d with abtindanee of tears. — When ihoy 
came to the place,"' ( nelfi-haven.) '-llK^y found the shii) and all 
lhini;;s rc>ady ; and sueh of their iVientls as could not eoiiic! with 
them, followed aftca* ihian, and sundry eame from Amsterdam to see 
tluMU slu])i>ed, and to take liieir lea\-e of them. ( )ne niL;lit was 
spent with little sleep with tlie most, but with friendly eulerlainnient, 
and Christian diseoursi', and oilier real expri's-ions of (/liri-lian loye. 
The next day, the \yind bi'ini^ fair, tliey went v\\ Ijoartl, and their 
friends with tluaii, where Iridy doleful was the >it.dit of that sad and 
luournbd partiuLT, to hear what siL'h-. and sob<, and prayers did 
sound ainouLT.-t them ; wliat tears did i,Mish from eyiay eye, and 
))ithy speeehes pierced each other's heart, that sundry of the Dutch 
strangers, that stood on the (piay as spectators, c(ndd not refrain 
Irom li'ars ; Yet coudorlable and s\yeet it was, to see such liyely 
and true ex])resslop,s ol" dear and unfeigned loye. — Their reyerend 
pastor falling down on his knees, and they all with him, with watery 
elu'eks, counu<'nded them with ino-t feryent iirayta^s imto the Lord 
and his blessing; and then \yii!i mutual embraces and many tears, 
they took their leaye om- of anoijicr, which ])ro\a'd to be the last 
leayc to many of tluau." 

On the ()ih of Sepliauber, Ki'iO, the adyenturcrs sailed from 
I'lymoutli, in the May h'lowt-r, and, on the 9th of November, they 
arriyed, after enduring a perilous voyage, in sight o^ Cape Cod. 
Having entered the harbor, tlu'y, on the lllh day of the month, 
after prayer and thanksgiving, sidjscribcd a written instrument, by 
which they were made a body politic. 'The covenant entered into 
was signed by fortij-onc individuals, who, with their families, 
amounted \o one /lundrcd and f^/^r persons. Mr. .lohu ( 'arver was 
imanimoiisly elected Clovcrnor of the colony for owv ycar.f Though 

=* IIi>!mes's American Annals. 

t tiovcrnor Carver tlicil gicallj- Liinoniol vn lln.- 'lli of April lullow iii-. lia\ ing^ sustained 



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I IS 17.] Pi/g-rim Socivlij. 117 

t':iL'-<(; :ilv\,Mitiiror.s '.iii'IitUidIc th'ir I'lilcrprisc niidi-r llii; aiilliorily ;:iid 
.suic''k)ii of ;i roy;il c!i;irk'r, y<-'l lliry coniinciiceil their pi>litiL-al uxist- 
crice as a n-piiljlic l).-uciu!)(.'r ;2'?, 1G"20, llicy di.sciiibarliL'd and 

; went oil t^liorc. Tlu; \)\m-v wlicrc llicy landed, called by the Iinlians 

jT Putuxet, ihey named J'lynionlh, alter the town in J'lni^land Iroui 

I which ihey last s;\iled. 

:- Such was the origin of the settlement of the Plymouth colony. 

t Sentiments ol' high respect hu- tlu; piineiples and charaeli'r ol' the 
first settlers of New England have been cherished in every suc- 

I ccoding generation of their desc-endants. They have been eager to 

K reward their inestimable service by eommemnrating their virtues 
^' . .... 

and piety, and by j)reserving a reeolleelion o( ijieir suH'erings, reso- 
lution, and noble deeds, in so glorious a eau-e. In doing this they 
have been aetuati'(l by the dictates of nature, reason, and gratitude. 
On January lo, ITfiH, when the >torm of lu'ili.-h c>ppres>lon wa.-3 
gathering, and the time i'or open antl tleci(h'd resistance to the 
crown was ;U hand, an association called the '• Old Colony Clul)'" 
was formed at I'lymouth, consisting of some of the principal men 
of that place and vicinity; and on December '2'2, of that year, the 
" Laiiding of the j-'orefathers " was lir.-t cclcbraled.^- The Wins- 

Ihe odlce ofcliicf-ma^'isiriie luii four inonlhs .-muI iwcuty-liiur days. '■ He w.is a iiv.iti of irreat 
pniclci\L-e, iiiu-^'iity, ami liinun'ss of lauul. llu h.i'l ,i _u.m1 c-uilo ill ICuLlaml, wlmli In.- .-|,frft 
in tlie niiLrriilion to I Itillaihl and .ViniTUM. I li- w.i- on.- ut llie li)reinii>l in iu-liuii, and I'ofl- a 
lar:;e sli.iio nf sulifrin;,' in llic^crviLO of llio tVMuiiy, vs Im coiilidfd in liiiii as il.< Incnd uiul 
falliiT. I'icty, luiiiiilily, aiht Iii'iicvuIlmu'c, Witc cniiiu'iil tr.iils in hi> clianiLniT.'' — Ih Ji.find/i. 

On llie dfalli of (iovfrnnr C'arviT, alllioiiL-li only llurlv-lwo ytMPs old, and oonliiii'd ul tlio 
lime liy >ic';nu.-->, Mr. William Diadlord \\,i> nii.ii,i:jiiiii>ly i Ici'li'd lii> mi. rcsMjr. .i> (iovcnior 
of llie colony- Ho londiiclcd llie aliairs of tlic cul..ny for lin' iToat p.irl ol iho Uiiie. as i-liicf, 
uiut two or llirce years as sLVMiid inay.str.ilc, \\ illi CMiisiiiniiialc [•nidciu'i.' and ali:!ily for a 
period of more ihan liiirly-oiic years. — In liis yoiiili, lio cniliruicit the doolrincs wliirh were 
t:ni;,''lit liy liie vciicf.ililc Ciillon, aiul aflcrw arils hy itolniison, and liecaiin." oiio oi llicir iiiosl 
devoted followers. Itc applied liiinself w illi i.timI dih'.'eiice to the ?liidy of the aii<:(Mit Lin- 
giiages, lioili Lalin and Clieck. Ul'tlie Helni-w his Iviu/wledgo was inliiii.ilc, .iiul llie 1 reiicii 
and !)uleli hu spol;o with ease, lie read mii.-h on sulijcels of liistory and phil.)so]/hy. In 
llieolo;.'y he w.i> deeply vcrscil, and lew there wckj who eonld eonlend Willi hiiii MieeessiuHy 
in a po!ein:r,i| dispnir. Ih' wrolo iMi|si,!i;r.iMy : ihe lo-s of his valualile iii:iiiiisi-|-ipl hl^tory 
of the colony lo liUii. can never he supplied — 1>; . Tlmclur's llistui ij of I'tyiiioiiih. 

* The I'l.luw iiiu' (!;slir> \si_iv s.iwil up f,.|- (•iiicri.i.niiienl on the li;st aiiiiu ers.iry ; and 
tlieaceoiinl is here iiiscrled ,is a inaUi-r ol cuiiosity: ■• 1. a lar^'e hahed Indi.m whorllehcrry 
pilddia;;,'; _', a dish of s, in. piclaeh ( sii.c.a.i'ii, e-ia and hi-.ois huilcd Ii.ii:clher) ; .'!, a disa of 
flams; I, a disli of ovsU'is ai.d a ihsli of r . I li-h ; i, a li.inni-U of vciusoii, roasK-d !.y ihu 
lirM jaelc broiii;!il lo liie clouv ; ii, .i di^li ,.| lo-istrd mm {\,\^\ , 7. a d.-li of liosl lis.i and ecU ; 
8, an ajiple |i:e ; '.', a emirse of cranberry larls and cheese made in l!ie L'ld C/oloiiy." — Dr. 
T'l'ir/ni'i lli.slu,IJi'tr^i/.i,;i.l!,. 

'fill- i'li'loW III-' I.M-ls WfW al.o Llivell oil ihc I'CiM- lull : 

1. To Ihe memury ol i.iir hr.iw ,iiid pioiis .meestois. ihe lirsi -(■lllers o|' ihe ('Id Colony. 

•2. 'I'll fie III -HLirv "1 '"hii ' ' lOer .in. I .ill ihe ..'li. i \\.m:I.;, < h.xeni.'rs .-f Ihe < 'Id ( ol.'.ny. 

;t. 'i"o Ihe meniorv of llial pioiis ni.iii ,in.l l.iillif.il liis|..ii ei, .\Ir. ."seen-l.iry .Mmlun 

■1. To ihe meiii..iy i.f l!i il l.ia,e m.ia ai,.l -■>. ■ I ..,!i. .-i. i '.ipl .Mil. > Sl.ii.l;s!i 

T). To Ihe mi-iiiiiiy of .M..ss,i~i,ii. i,nr lir-l .in. I l.e-l liieii.l, and ally ol' tin' .N.ilives. 

o. 'i"o ihe memory oi .Mr Kolierl Ciislim.iii, who prc.i^hcd llie lir-l ~cr.iioii in New 
En-I.md. 

7. 'I'he union of the ( lid Colonvand M.iss.icinisriN. 

S. May every i>ers,)ii !..■ p.i-~e-M- 1 .>f 111.' s.im.; ii.iMe senti'iieiiis a.Maist arhar.nry power 
tlial our worliiy ancestors weie inidowcd wilh 

'.*. May c\ery (.•lieniy to evil or i.ii-i' '.:i i:' cMy iiLjel the saine or a wor^e I:.le ih.m Ar..-li- 
Ijisliop [.and. 






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Ih.lory of the [April; "*'; 

i>'"-., Wu,so„., a,ul Ilowhn.ls ,v..v a,,,,.,. ,!K.e who «■,.,■ ,!,„ f 

■ ''"' .'"■;■■'— i ■""".-■ i" .IH- war l,.:„-,,,,, Kn..l:,„|' ■ 

na .1 ]„a.ll„r.l, a.ul II„„. ,,,„..,. i.,,,,.,, ^,. , 
^ .limn, ^.vcr a,„l c;.,„a-al .l.,l,„ Thon.a, „r ,;;,„.,„„ "ej^ , ♦ 

^ -a„.l.r Sc.a„„„.ll, „„.„ a ......K-r of vo„,h i„ Plvr lul 

>\t-rc (ingiii.il 01 early inenibrrs oi tlic So^arty 

o^::;:;;::::,::I:^:^r:;:;;:,^:';-■'7^^i"™-■...^ ^ 

Club Ic , ,e eo„„,r,, , „„,,„„^^,„ ,^, „,,, ^,- ._,^ ,,,,„„, 

. . follow,„g s,.„„c.„,..„ have d.,iv,.r,.d .naao.rs ° a.hlr... 

b t c r„,„.,„ o ,h,. .. „la <•.,,.,„_, eh.b," or of ,ho i„haW,a,„. o 

;i:u;r;;'"'"""'"-^ '■'■''"' ■"r.i...rc.,i,io„..o™a:c * 

ah. ,, ,c, o la: a,„„vcr.ary a, I'lynro,,,!,, on ,h. -.,,,1 of ])„v,„. ■- 

Ilitehwrk, I). IX, JVnibrokc; Rev '^a.OM,. 1M1„ I, 

"r: iT';i 'r'- ,'r",T"'^ '''''''' «-"-^'^' ^ ^-' ^v^"'- 

; ' "■' Y^'^';"^'''' ; R--- .'".mlhan Mooro, Ro.he.R.r ; Doc; t 

Zaoohc„,s ]ia,.,h.„, 1 Iv.nou.h ; Ho,,. .Iol,„ Davis, I,L. D., ] oMo ■ 

-.J^.d,,, Vllva.D.DOuvbary; lion. John C>,,i,H.;A,,aas; i 
, ., I^-. ^i'>"';'y; It.v. Joh„ Thomion Kirkla.Kl. J). ■]!, Cam 

bridge; Rev. Joiauha,, Slro.i" D B P.„. 1 I l ' i> , ; 

ivcida , D U llymomli; Aldou JSra.lford, LT. n, Bo^loa • ' 

U. D Boslo,, ; Rev. .Vdoniram J„dso„, Rlvmonlli ; Rev. Thad 
aeus Mason Hani., ]), D., Dorehes.er ; Rev! Abiel Abbo,, D D 
Beverly ; Rev. John Ellio., D. D., Bo.,o„ ; Rev. Ja„,e. Fiiii P D 

Ll"d T, ^^'V'''™''"''"' ^■"■''^'"■'■' K-- """- 'o "v! ^ 

1 lanci^ Callcy Cray, Boston. .. .,! 

As .he •• Old Colony Club " had for many years ceased ,o ao, as ' 

. -cety and had, in fae., eeased ,o exi..,, ,i,at ,l,e objee, of o 
annual eelebrabon of ,l,e •• Landing of our l-orefather. " n.igh, be \ 

uH:, ^:i^' '"•"'■'''•" '- 'I'-I.ly .Icli.orcl ,„™ ,,„ ,!,, ,„„„„,„ „„, ,„,„„,„, ,„„^, „„,, 



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1^17.] Pif-riot Soric///. 119 



Iicllcr aor-oinplislicd, a socidy wa.s roniicd, Xovcmhrr 0, \^]il by 
!lic name of tlif " ()M (\)!niiy Piliri-iin Society," aii'l lii.'iiiriliatcly 
went iii!o operation. 'I'lic lien. .Id.-Iina '^^riioiiias, AVilliai;i ,lack- 
soii, and X;ii!i;iiiifl M. I )avi<. l-'.-iis., wcri- clio.-cti a coininita-i- on 
behalf of l!ic Socii-ty, lo pi-tiliou llio CJtauTal Court for an act of 
incorporation. On I-Miriiary '.M, I'^'^O, ilic Society was iiicorj)iMat- 
I'll and mad'' a liodv iioliiic, l>v lli;' naiii;' of the '• Pi!:,'riin Sociciv.' 
The design t)f die in-tliulion may in part he lenrned from a chuise 
ill the first section of the :ict of incor|)oi'alion, ^\ hi( li is, '• to ])er|')ct- 
'late the menn)rv of llie virtues, tlie enterpri.-e, tuid unparalleled 
■^unerings of ijicir ance-tors.*' 

The '• Tjanding of our l-'orefadier^"' was I'lrsl eeleliraied 1>y the 
Pilgrim SoeiiMv, l)ecend)er '-'2. 1 ^'.'(^ that being the comideUon of 
the second century since llii- setlhaneiit o( Xew 1-aiiilaiid. or the 

•"' landing of the Pilgrims, 'I'liis event, \yhicli, in a tnosi important 
sense, gave existence to the nalion, v/itli all that is valuatije in it^ 

'* civil, lit(a-ary, and religious estrd)lishmeins, was observed tiiat \ I'ar 
\yitli more than usual soleiunily and interest. T'he lion. Daniel 
Webster delivered an address^i= on the occasion, worthy of himself 
and tiio memory of those wlio-e character and sulli'rinizs he so 
eloquently portrayed. A large concourse of people attended the 
celebration, and were escorted to the i)lace of public service Ijy the 
Slandish Cluards, a military company so called in honor of Vi\p\. 
Miles Slandish.f 

There were present on llic occasion, a delegation from the Mas- 
sachusetts Historical Society, and from the American Antiquarian 
Society. IMie lion. Judge Davis addressed the Pilgrim Society on 
behalf of the former institution, and the lion. Lcyi Lincoln on 
behalf of the latter. The Ilev. Dr. Kendall replied to the one. and 
Alden l^radford, l'iS(|.. replied to the other. The kindest senti- 
itients and feelings universally jireyailcd, an<l the occasion was one 
of great satisfaction and rejoicing. 

The Pilgrim Society, as such, aiuiually commemorates tlie day 
on which our Forefathers landed at Plymouth, On some of these 
aimiversaries, adtlresses ha\e been deliveri'd ; in \'^'}(\ by Hon. 

* The uiklress was imlili-hcd, :mil lias passrd iliroii^'h «evcr,il cdiliuns, and licen a «>4irce 
of coursidcialilc ificoiiu; lo lin' .S>)i.ii-ly. 

t It is said o(' ('a))l. .■^lalll!l^ll, lie po-sos-^cj inucli naiivo talent, was dooidrd, ardent, 
resulule, and perseverim.', iiulilien lit Id daiiircr. a ln>ld and liardy man, surn, an^lero, and 
iiiiyieldni:.' ; ul" exemplary piely, and ot'lnenrriijitiMe inte-rily ; '• an iron-nerved Pur. tail, wlio 
could hew down I'onsis and live on erumlis.' 

'I'he liev. John Thornton Kirklaiid, I). 1), I'r. sideiit of Harvard Cii!Io-c, and the Rev. 
Klea/.ar \\ heeloci;, D, D., lir.-l I're^uleiU of Darunoiuh CoIIc.l-, werv de^eeiulanl- ol" C"aj)l. 
Slandi.-.li. 






f( :• 




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Il.storij of III,. 




luus, ihuiii/h nut SI 



]V„ja,„,„ ]!. W<,„.,. ]). J, ij ' , . "Jo>.«JI'r Lev. 



])»r<-li,-3kT; ]l,-v. Coiivcrs I'-rajn-is 




J i^tiLu 111 hu uai JsJl a inonunicnlal fdificc • ihn 
coriK-r-stoiin n ,vl,;,.i, 1. • . - -.1 * t-ujiicc, ine 



.c.r.s,onc .,r«.hk.|, «.as laid .vi.h ap,,„,,,na„. «,1.„„„„.., and i„ 

;;":..H.i..or.v..,„,a„a.^;;'^/";l^^^^ 



The etlific-i^ is hnilt ( 




our l\»n'ralluTs. 
t!u " 



>y a rn;,m„||<.,.n, painIin:,^ )vp,vsrnlincr 
'"■^ |»iciiitv, viiln.'d ;i! r>:j ()()() ,,.., . ., I .. ^ 

I>.sMs,,ln„lKl r..|,res,a„a of ,l,c l'i|:,,,„„ !, , ''" '"7""- 

tl.«o we.l.,-„ shores. l>i|„,.i,„ Hall i- I ' "''""' '"' 

i>>ru ana c.i.sa.,™M,::;:M^;;;.:: ::::,:;:: ;t-;;;'^!''e 

It Willi ;t^ ,,...11.. MM ,. . 3'^"<^ii).H!\ 111 ,iac-iii(T 



It within il.s walls. 'I'lu,- d 



"'"•"^n.n.ol llK. pi..„uv aiv .ixhu. [\-.x 



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1817. 



Pill 



■kty. 



121 



by thirteen. It contains scvcnil ij;r()U|)r) of indiviJaals atllred in the 
coslumc of their day. J. CJovcrnor Carver and iiis wile and 
children; "2. Governor Bradford ; Li. ( Joverncn' W'inslow ; -1. AVife 
of Governor AVinsiow; >'). ."\Ir. A\'illiam Jkew^ter, the pre-idini^ 
Elder; G. Capt. .Miles Slandi^li ; 7. .Mr. William While' and liir> 
child Peregrine; N. Mr. Isaac Allerlon and his wife; 9. .Mr. John 
Alden ; 10. Mr. .lohn Turner ; II. Mr. Stephen Hopkins, his wii'e, 
and children; Vi. Mr. Richard Warner ; l;J. Mr. I'ldwanl 'J'illey ; 
14. Mr. Samuel Fnller; 10. AN'ile of Ga|)t. Siandlsh ; 10. SanioMi, 
an Indian Sagamore ; 17. .Air. .John 1 lowland, of C-Jovernor Carver's 
family, who marrii'd his daughter. 

In the edifice there is a room set apart fur a Library and a Cabi- 
net of curiosities. It is already supplied with a nuudx'r oi vulwiiies 
and many nianuscriplri of early date. Il is desirable that a copy ot 
all the works published by the Pilgrims and llu.ir de-eendanls 
should be deposited in the Library. 

" .Vmong the aniicpiiiies in the Cabinet of the Pilgrim Society are 
the following : 

" A chair which belonged to Gov. Carver. The sword of Miles 
Standisii, presented by William S. Williams, J-^stp A jiewter di.-li 
which belonged to Miles Standish, jjresented by the lale Joseph 
Head, Esq. .An iron pot whieh belonged to Miles Standi>li. pre- 
sented by the late John Watson, Esq. .\ Ijrass steelyanl. i>v. lU'tl 
by Thomas Soulhworth. .A cane which belonged to V.'illiain 
White; presented by Hon. John Heed. .A dressing-case which 
belonged to AVilliam While. The gunbarrel with which King 
Philip was killed, presented by Air. John Cook of King>loii. The 
original letter of King Philip to Gov. Prince, written in lo(j'J. \ 
china mug and leather pocket-book which belonged to Tlion;as 
Clark. A piece of ingenious embroidery, in a frame, executed by 
Lora Standisii, a daughter of .Miles Standish ; j^rcsented by Rev, 
Lucius Alden of East Bridgewaler. .Many curiosities are siill in 
the hands of individuals and families, which might add nnicii lo 
the interest of Pilgrim Hall.'' 

The following Portraits embellish Pilgrim Hall: '•!. of Edward 
Winslow, painted in London in ICtOI, copied from the original, l^y 
C. A. Eostcr. '2. of Josiali AVinslow, the Hrst native Governor of 
the Old Colony, painted in London in Ui';l, copied from the orig- 
inal, by C. .A. Poster. 3. of C!ov. Josiah Winslow's wife, I'enelopt' 
Pelham, copied from the original, I'y C. A. Eostcr. 1. of Ciciirral 
John Winslow, copied from the oiiginal, by C. \. Eo.-Ut. The 
8 






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1-30 /. JIis'i>rij of llic [April, 

por'iMlt ofCIiiv. l-Alward \\'iii^lo\\' i> llic Diily one preserved, of those " 
iii-livitlir.ils who iTiiiic in ilic M:iyllowfr. The orii^inals of these 
piiir.lingri beloiip: to I.-aic Win-low, Iv-([., of ]3ostoii, and are now 
In ihc rooms oi" the !\la->;u-hnsrtls llistoiical Society, t"). A portrait 
ol" the lion. Ei)hraini Spoonrr, pre^euletl bv Thomas Davis, 1-^sq., of 
JJostoii. G. A portrait of Johii Akhii, l>s([.. of Middk'bcjrough, 
who tlied in 1 "^'21 , ai^u'd 10:i vclu's, who was the great-iiraiidsoii of 
John Ahlen, who eanie in the Mayllower; j)ainted and jireseiited - 
l>v C'eplias 'J'hompson. I'lsi). 7. \ portrait of Hon. John Trurn* 
Ijuil, prcscnled by C'oL John TrumbulL I'his portrait w as painted 
ill 17S1. 'V\\r f;ife was cxcci'.tcd Ijy IMr. Slewarl. and the other 
pirls by ]\lr. 'IVninbiiU hiiiiscll, while a student with him. 8. A 
j)or!rail of .lames 'J'hai her, M. ])., hite Lil)rarian and Cabinet- 
Keeper of the Pilgrim Soeie'y. It was painted Ity .Mr. J''rothinghani, 
in January, IS 1 1, by order of the Tili^rim Soeiety, pursuant to a 
vole eNprt\ssinL( tiu-ir sense ol the vahialde services lie had rendered, 
in promolins; the objects o! said society. -^ .-. ... ■;;■■ 

'•The I ball c(aiiaiiis al-o a Inir^t of Hon. I)ani<d \Yebstcr, present- 
ed l)v Jamcr, 'J'. Jbivwaid, l-'sq., oi' ]K)s!on : and the bust of lion, 
.lohn Adams, presented by Samuel Nicholson, Es({." 

For an aecount of " b'orehithi-rs' Koc!; " and the beautiful mon- 
ument ereeted by the Pili;rim Socit'ly lor its j^reservation, \vc make 
the following extract from Dr. Thaeher's History of Plymouth. 
'•The jnhabilan;s oi the town," [177 1] "aniniated by the glorious 
spirit of lil)erty which pervaded the Provlnee, and mindful of the 
jir(^eit>ns relic of our I"\)refalhers, resolved to consecrate the Rock on 
whirh they landed to tlic sinine o{ liberty. Col. Tlicoj)hilns 

■ Cotion and a lar^r i.ium!)"r of i!ie iiihabilants assembled, with 
about tweiilv vohe of (>\eii. for the purpose oi its removal. The 
rock was elevated from ils bed by mean- of large screws ; and in 
aitempling to mount il on the carriage, it split asunder, without any 
violence. As no one h a.l observed a (law, the circumstance occa- 
sioned some surprise, li is not strange that sonie of the patriots of 

'■ the cbiy should be disposed to indulge a li;ile in supi-rstition. when 
ia favor of dieir good cause. The separalion of the roik was con- 

*■ \)r. 'I'liiu-IiiT \\;fi n;>;M)iiiu-,l l.i1rr;iru',ii ;in i ('a'.i:i.l- I\\'.';)lt nl' ibc I'lL'iitii .Sv>i.'ii'ty al its 
• lir-l i'r;^;ijii/;ill.)ii, am! in-- iiuli'r.i'.ii;a!'ic tll.'iS ciiir.i i'mi'.mI l.irjciv !■> llu- [iron!!. li. ill of ils 
i)'ijfrl». 'fill' liiIlowiiiLC i-MiMi-l tiiiiii till' rc|nii'. 111' il I ■,.iiiMi:lici' of iIk- ."^iii-icl y mJ.iMtcs llic 
>!-ii>c (.•iiIcrM.iuu-il 111 lii> v,TV a-i'-. '■ 'I'iir micK'i ~i:.Mliil, !" \\ l"'!" W;i> r( li riiil llio li'imrt of Dr. 
J.Kins Tliuclior. ros;i<-(iiiii: ili.r li-,ii\ Itiiiliiiu' aroiiinl llu- 1 'hil lailicr^' IJuik, n-porl that iliu 
S. ca'ly an.' iiiilclilril l.i I)r 'I'iiarluT I'.h- iIii^ I'lMiiliiui an.l ou^tU iniumiin'iil, wliioli wlille it 

><a-'i|-.-s '.111- I'll-i'iiii l!.i.-!, iV lurlh.-r .!< ;nr,l, i.rf.-.uils li.r llir ImmuIH dI iM-.kTi(_\-, the 

n.iiur-i ul' irir r.illn-i'.-i, ami all.TiU a pici-iii.: -ii'i|r.l ul rojil.-iii|ilali,'M to luaiiy >Iiaii::L-rs who 
Mill's" Dr Wliaihi-r il.,-.l M ly ■.' ; i-l 1. ai^r:! i) — 'I'lic I A o oxir,:' '.^ alnn c arc tal.cn iVom 
•l!ic tiiiiili; 111 riyiiioiilii 



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is 17.] rUid-ri/ii Socicli/. 123 

strucd to be ominous of n divi.-'ioii of llie Briii.-h ]Mnj)ir(\ The 
({acstion wa:? now to be decided whelher both ])arl.s .-^lionld bo 
removed, and being decided in llu; negative, the bottonj part was 
(Iropi)ed again into its original bed, where it still remains, a few 
inches above tlie surface of the earth, at the head of the ^\ harl'. 
The upper portion, weighing many tuns, was conveyed to the lib- 
erty-pole scpiare, front of the meeling-hou<e, where, we believe, 
waved over it a llag with the I'ar-famed mt)ttt), ' Liberty or death.' 
This part of the roc'lc was, on tht- -hh of .'nly, I'^o 1, removed to 
' Pilgrim ] [ ill,' and placed in Iront of that edliice, under tiie charge 
of the Pilgrim Societv. A procession wa> lormed on this occa- 
sion, and passed over Cole's hill, where lie tin,' ashes ot those who 
died the lirst winter. 

"A miniature representation of the ?iIayilowcr followed in the 
procession, jilaeed in a car decorated with llowers, ami drawn by 
.'^i.\ boys. The i)roeession was preceded by the chiklren ol both 
se.xes of the several schools in town. On depositing the rock in 
front of the Ilall, a volley of small arms was bred over it by the 
Standish Cluards, after which, an ai)proi)riate address was delivered 
by Doct. Charles Cotton, and the services were closed with a prayer 
by Rev. Dr. Kendall. 

"It affords the highest satisfaction to announce, that the long 
desired protection of the 'Forefathers' Rock' is at length com- 
pleted; and it may be pronounced a noble structure, serving the 
double purpose of security to the rock and a monument to the 
Pilgrims. The fabric was erected in June of the present year, 
^ [lS3o,] and consists of a perfect ellii)se, forty-one feet in perimeter, 
formed of wrought iron bars, five feet high, resting on a base of 
hanunered granite. The heads of the perpendicular bars are har- 
poons and boat-hooks alternately. The whole is embellished with 
emblematic figures of cast iron. The base of the railing is studded 
with emblems of marine shells, placed alternately reversed, having 
a striking eHect. 'J'he ujiper i)art of the railing is encircled witii a 
wreath of iron castings, in imitation ol' heraldry curtains, Iringctl 
with festoons ; of these there arc forly-one. betuing the names in 
bass-relief of the forty-one Puritan fathers who signed the memorable 
compact while in the cabin of the Mayllower, at Cai)e Cod, in 
1G"20. This valuable and inti-resting ac(pii.Ht;on rdlects honor on 
all who have taken an iiUerest in the undertaking. In the original 
design by Cli'orge W. Jbinnuer, l''iSi[., ingenuity and ce)rrecl taste 
are displayed; and in all its parts, the work is executed with much 



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April, 



judgment and skill. 'J'lie castiiiLrs arc oxecutcd in the most im- 
proved style of tlio art. This ai)i)roi)ririte memorial will last for 
ages, and the naiiics and story of the great founders of our nation 
will he made familiar to the latest generation. 'J'his monnment 
cost four hundred dollars. The fund was obtained by snbseri[)tion J 
Lieut. (Jov. Armstrong heading the pajier, and Samuel 'J'. Tisdale, 
Esq., of New York, contributing one hundred dollars. 1'he author 
of this woriv " (Dr. Thaeher.) "had the honor and satisfaction of 
being the active agent in its exr-cntion." 

This account of the Pilgrim Society we conclude, by expressing 
our high commendation of its object. 'J'o be alTected at the siifTer* 
ings of the Pilgrims of New England ; to exercise gratitude for 
their inestimable labors and sacrifices ; to venerate their virlue and 
piety; to revere their jirinciples of religions and civil liberty; and 
to hand down a snitaljle memoritd of them to succeeding genera- 
tions, is at once the duty and privilege of their descendants. Most 
cordially can we adopt the expressive language of President Dwight, 
in speaking of our ancestors. " When I call to mind," says he, 
•'the history of their sutTerings on both sides of the Atlantic, when 
I remember their preeminent patience, their unspotti'd pietv, their 
immovable fortitude, their undaunted resolution, their love to each 
other, their justice and humanity to the savages, and their freedom 
from all those stains which elsewhere spotted the character, even of 
their companions in affliction, I cannot but view them as illustrious 
brothers, claiming the veneration and applause of all their posterity. 
By me the names of Carver, I^radford, Cushman,* and Standish, 
will never be forgotten, until I lose the power of recollection." 






"m 



*" On tlie lllh of November, fl'VJl] Roliert Cusbinan arrived nl I'lvniouth, in a ship 
iVuin Eiiijlanil, with llilrly-Iive persons, declined to rcm;iiii iii l!ie Colony. IjV this urrival the 
I'lyiiioutii colonists recei\ed a clmrler, [irooured lur lln-m hy the sidveiiturers in London, who 
tuid been originally concerned with them in the enterprise ; and tliey now aclaiowledyed tlie 
extraordinary lilessinir ol' Heaven, in direeiin;; theireoiirse into tliis jiart oftlie Cfimiry, where 
they had liappily olilained ])i_'rmission to possess and enjov the territory under the authority of 
tlie president and council lur tlic alliiirs ol' iS'ew J'^n^jland.'' — Ilolims's Aniuih. 

'Jne nniTies of the lliirty-dvo persons who came in the Fortune, (lor so the vessel was 
calleil.) are, Uohert Cuslmian, \V illiani llillon, John Winslow, V\'illian> Conner, .lohn Adunis, 
AViUiain Tench, John Cannon, U'llliani Wri£;iit, llolicrl Ilndxes, 'I'honias I'rence, (Prince,) 
nfterwiirds (lovernor, Siepheii lican, Mo.^es Simonson, (.Suuons.) I'liihp l>e La Noyc, 
(Delano,) I'dwanl liotnpasse, (IJiimpus, and l!iini[i,) Clement nrijrf.'es, (I'ln^i's.) James 
Sfjward, (.Stewart,) William I'itls, William Palmer, jirohaMy two in his fuiiuly, Jonathan 
]>rewsier, Bennel ]\Iorgan, Thomas I'lavil and his son, Hugh Slacie. (Stacy,) William 
I'.ealc, 'I'homas Cushman, Aii^iin Nicolas, ( Xieholasj VV'iduw h'oi.'rd, proliahly four in her 
family, Thomas Morion, William l^assiu-, (I'as-clt.) two jiroliahly in his familv. 

Atr. (aisliman was one of ihose who left ljii,land for the sake of reli;.'ious liberty, and set- 
tled at Leyden. In lid7 he was sent lo I'ai-l.iml, with Mr Carver, tlic lirsl jrovernor of the 
Colony, to procure a j,'ranl of lands in America, and in liil'.l he was sent a?ain, with Mr. 
IJnidlord, second {,'overnor of llie (\ilonv, and ohtaiiied a patent. He set sail with the liril 
company in lO'JO, hut the Speedwell jiroviiii,' Icakv, lu' was oMi-eJ to reluupu-h the voyaj:e. 
lie came, however, lo Plymoiiih, N.iveml)er 10, lii21, hut remained there onlv one nionili, 
when lie returned. While preparing lo remove to America, lie died, liii'i He was a man 
of activity and enterprise, talents and piety, and well versed m the ^crijitures. Though not 



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Oar apology fur appending so many nolc^ lo ihi.s lil.lorlcal nolice 
i.^ Ihal they illustrate the cliaractrr of the Pilgrims of New Eng- 
land and the times in which they lived, and thus serve lo accoiu- 
pli^^h the object we have in view. For instance, a few sentences in 
the farewell discourse of the Rev. Mr. Robinson, who was in an 
important seiise the Father of the Plymouth colony, show the cast 
of mind, the religious faith, and the adherence lo Protestant princi- 
ples, of himself and of his lluck.* 

The first Presidents of the .Society were lion. Joshua Thomas, 
John Watson, Alden Bradford, LL.' 1)., and Nathaniel I\I. Davis^ 
Esqs. 

The present oillccrs are Charles II. AVarren, Prcsidcul ; William 
Davis, Vice-President; Andrew I.. ]Uissell, Recording' Secretary; 
Benjamin M. Watson, Corresponding- Secrefar//; William s'. 
Russell, Librarian and Cabinet-Keeper; Nathaniel M. ])avis, John 
13. Thomas, Isaac L. Hedge, William M. Jackson, Schuyler 
Sampson, Joseph Cushman of Plymouth, and James T. llayward 
and William Thomas of IJoslon, Trustees. 

Snl'llTn ^■'''' ""i'^ ;:',^'>''r"'!': Y ^'••'T^'^'' « .i;.co>u>c in the Um uf a s.r.non '■ on the 
bMi ana I )an;^'c^ul^c•l-],uyc^ which \va,th,-l.r-lscrmo,,l-roiM -New lJ,,,l.uul, ever i.riNltd li 
Mas iir. i-ul.h.hea at Loudon, lO-J, then at 15„Mo,>, ITJl, and at riy„..uih, 17^.. ' .MV-r h I 

cou Irv wriT '•";;■; ""';■" "^ ^'7. ''"-■'''"''• ^^'"y ^^^^^ '''^''^ j-^'-j^m. m ih,. 

COllliirv. — Alltnt J>ioi^. JJirt. — Juin/ici s li'L'istd-. 
* " r.relhren." .said lie. " we are now .luickly lo j.art from one another, and wlietlier I niav 




.M llK-ieMtlv hewail the eo„d,i,o., oi the reron„..d ehMrehe^,• who are ooii.c tl, a ncnod m 
reli;.':on, and will yu at |.re^ent no laither li,aii the iiiMriiineiil.s of th.ir rciwrniaiiin The 
Luiherans cannot he drawn to fc-o beyond what t.ulher saw; whatever j.art of his wdl our 
good God has revealed to Calvin, th.'v will rather die than e.nl.race it ; and the Calvinist* 
yousee, stick last where they were lelt hy that ^-reat man of God, who yet .saw not ail thini:s.' 
J his IS a misery mn,-h to he lamented, for th,;,.,'h Ihev were hurnin^- and shn.m- h^'hls in 
Ilieir nnes, yet they in-iu-lrated not into the whole eonnsd of God ; hut were they nuwlivin- 
would be as willin- to embrace further li-ht, a., that wliieh they at first received 1 l.c~eeJt 
you to remember tliat it i^ an arl.ele of your ehureh euvenant, that vuu shall be ready to 
receive whatever truth shall In- made Ln.nvn to vu trom the written word of God llemein- 
ber that and every other article of your sa.red e„venanl. Ibit I imiM here withal exhort you 
10 take heed wiiat yon rcecive as truth, l.x.unin,- ii, eunsidor it. and eomiiare it wiiU oth.r 
Sen,, lures ol truth belore you rc.c v.- il ; f.r ,t ,s not ih,.,iI,!o ,|,;„ ,1^. Chnshan worM 

,'!''! I,?,''m '^ •";''^""' "' ^"■■.'' ""^■'^ a„tiohr.M:.ui darkness, and the perfection of knowl- 
etli,'e siioLild break lonh at once. 



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PASSENGERS OF THE GOLDEN HIND. 
.■ (The First Eny;li=hmen in North America.) 

BY SA.MLEL G. DRAUIC, M. A. 

|The al'ovc cntrraviii^' Ls nn e^nct c'o|iv of an aniuH! !-hip u(' llic lime of CiLieon niizabelli, 
llio (.ui:;inal ikiI.IumIujII dt' wIul-Ii 1umi> d.ile I'l'M. ainl us to In' loiind in llial rart' LilJ work 
0!i '' .\aui_ralioii. lalrly collfck'il oiU of llu- ln'St Mwl'me trnlti^ (hninf !i/ .1/, lUiDiiliuih, 
and hij him reiliiccd iii'o siu'h a |ilaiiie ami ordi.-rly forme of teaciiing- a.s cuery man of a 
mcaiie capacilie iiiav ea'^ily viiderslaiid tlic r-amc." 

Il is doubtless a mtieli lictter reiiresciUatioii uf tiic sIhj)S that tran<poned our fatlicfjs to thebe 
shores than any iiiliierlo j.Mveii.] 

It was long ago remarked that Imt for the voyages ami expcilitions 
of Sir Francis Drake, North Aniorifa woiiki have remained unsettled, 
if not almost unknown, for many years, if not for ages. To those who 
are fainiliar with the history of the state of Eiiiope during the eenliiry 
in which Eliz-abetli lived, no argument will be re(itiireil to convince 
them of the truth of that position. 

An exception may be taken to the heading of our article, but we 
are well aware of the voyages of the Cabots, of Ponce de Leon, and 
of Veraz/cini ; the former of whom it is said discovered Newfound- 
land, and the latter ravaged some part of Florida ; and that W-razzini, 
a little later, was eaten by the Indians of North America. I'i we con- 
sult history, popularly known as such, it will hardly appear that the 
Cabots set foot on tiiesc shores, while what was done by the others 
tended only to discourage voyages of discovery in this hemis|)here. 

It iS the intention in this article to furnish as complete a li^t of the 



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(he CJohldt lUit^L 121 



persons who sailed upon llic voyai,'c with Sin. Fn.vN'cis Dkakk run ml 
llio worhl, as can Ijc collected, al'icr lon;f antl [)alienl search and ii.ve — 
lii^'Uion. That such a list or catalogue cannot (ail to he inlere-lini^ at 
this day, we feel assured, for two reasons ; (irst, hecaut^c they were pruh- 
i\!»ly the first Kni^lishinen, (certainly the first whose names wo hue.) 
who landed in Nordi America ; and secondly, many of (hem horc nniiics 
common amongst us, even to this time. Whither they W(^r<^ the au.jes- 
tors or connections of the ancestors of these, we leave tor the inves- 
tigation of those who hear these names, or who nuiy have the; 
curiosity and leisure to pursue the intcrcstitiL'; inquiry. 

A third reason might have been given why such a catalogue of 
names should he made out, had we puhlishcd earlier, hut as a siMtle- 
incnt of the " Oregon Question" has ta!u?u pla^'e, no one will he hkely 
lo put in a claim to any [)art of that territory by right ol" discovery m;idc 
by his ances'or; and hence an emigrant to that region lias no other 
reason for any interest he may take in the following names tluui any 
of us have on this side of the llocky Mountains. Anil in.-lcad of the 
Jincient claim of rights by diseuvcry, the ( )iei;uni;in mn.-t n<>\v 
coiisole himself as well as he can with this tlistich ol' our I'amoiis rev- 
olutionary [loet, Freneau: 

For t!ie time once wns hero, to the world be it known, 
Tlidt all a man sail'd by, or saw. was his own. 

By the following list it will be seen that the largest number of t'.iose 
who embarked in the voyage, continued during it, and that some otliers 
did not; while of some it is uncertain whether llu-y ecaitinned in it, 
returned with Cajit. Winter, were lost with Capt. Thomas, or are 
otherwise to be accounted for. 

Drake set sail from Plymouth, Nov. lo, lo77, and returned to the 
same port Sept. 20, 1580. 

The following is the last entry, in the only true and authentic jour- 
nal preserved of that voyage. It is entitled " TIIT] V\'OHLl) Ihi'-om- 
passed by Sir Fraxcis Drakio.'Wc , and was j)rinted in a small ipuir'o 
volume, with this imprint, "Lo.\don, Printed for NieaoL.\s Povr.ne, 
and are to be sold at his shop at the Jlayall ExchaxL'c. 1G"J6." 

"And the '2G. of Sept. [15S0 in the margin,] (which was Monday in the iust 
and ordinary reckonint,' of tho.se that hail ^tayeJ at home in one place or couu- 
trio, but in oiir cnput.uion wa.s the Lord's ilay or Soinlay) we safely with iuyfull 
minds and thankfvll hearts to (Ifjd, arriuctl at I'liinoth, the place of our first 
.settini,' forth aft(!r wc had spi-at 'J. yearcs 10. monelhs and some few odJt' dales 
beside, in seeing the wonders of the Lmd in the de(>p, in di.scouering so many 
admirable things, in i,'olng throngli with so iiumv strange aihientmes, in escap- 
ing oat of so many dangers, ami ouercoininlnc( so many dlliicultles In this onr 
encompasshiL,' of this neather globe, and passing roaiid about the woihl, which 
we haue related." 

We now proceed with the proposed catalogue of names, in which 
we shall study brevity. 

FRANCIS DIIAKIC, Admiral, or as that ollicer was then ^enerallv denoiuieatech 
general, of iho expedition, in the ship called the IVdiean, which naiiit' .-^hc 
bore nnlil she entered the South Sea, when it was changed to the CIoldln 



t. . ■ : ,1'.- 



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12^ 



Passengers of 



[April, 



IIiND. Ho wns born aijout I'/iT,'' a:ul dioJ on board liis ship near Porto Bello, 
.Ian. ->, 1."j!1'). 
JOHN' Wl.XriCIJ, Vice-AJmiral, in tlio Kii/ubcth. lie conlinucd in the voyage 
till iho pa-sinL' of t!ic Straits of Ma'^clhin. when a r^ilorrn, which for it.s fury 
and diiia'.ion, had novor bfcii known to iiiin or liis companions, made every 
hi'ail (jiiail liul the Admiral's, and compelled him, for his own salety, as ho 
contcndfil, to for-ake the voyaije and return to luiu'land. Ibj.v many rclumeJ 
willi him. we have no means of knowinir, at present. 

To fuitn an e.^timale of tiie violence of the lem[n'->t which deprived Drake 
of all hi-: ships but that in which he liimself was, one must recur to the 
oriLjinal Journal of the voyai;c before noticed. 'J'hat the reader may have 
an idi-a of that carious woik. and lest lie may never see it. a short extract 
will hi'ic lie itilruducrd. The writer of the Journal was in tlie AJmirars 
.-hip. to whicli it applies. 

" For >',!ch was the present dani^er by forcins; and continuall ilawos, that we wera 
r.i''i''r to io ike f.ir jiresent Je.uli thi'n liopi.' for any lieliuery, if (loJ almiijhtie should 
?ii)t rn.ike thf- w.iv for vs. The winds were sueli as if the howeU of tlie earth h^J 
S'_'i all at Idieitie ; or as if a'l the clomls vnder he.mcri li.id boene called together, to 
l.iy their f.>;i'e \|)on that one pinre : The seas, which Lynatnreand of thernseluen 
aie heaiiie, an 1 of a weightic suh-tance, were rowleil vp from tlie deiiths, euen from 
Villi roots of the lockes, as if it hail beene a scroll of parchuierit, which by the 
extremity of heato runneth to'^ether : and bein^ aloft were cariied in most strange 
in inner and abainlince, as feathers nt thills of snow, by the violence of the winds, to 
w.iler the exeeedin.; lopsof hii;h .uul loftie iiKJuntaines. C)nr anchors, as lalse frieiiJs 
in sacli a d.in^'-r. i.'uie oner tlicir hoKlList, and as if it had beene w.ilh horror of the 
tliin;:, di.i shrinked jwne to hide tlicnisebies in lliis mi.icrable stornie , coniriiitting 
the iHstresscJ s!iip and helpele^si- men to the vncertaine and rowling seas, which 
■ tos-ed taem, like a ball in a racket, hi this case, to let fall more anchors would 
a'jai'e vs nothin:^; for bein.; drinen from our first |dace at anchorin;;. so vnmcasnnille 
was the dciilli, that riOii. faltiome woidd fetch no f^rounJ : So that the violent sturme 
without internusaion ; the impossibility to come to anchor; the want of cipportunilie 
to spread anysuyle; the most mid sras , the lee shores ; the dangerous rocks ; the 
contrary and most intolerable winds; the impossible passaii;e out; tlie desperate 
tarrying there ; and ineuitable perils on enerv side, did lay before vs so small likeli- 
iiOiVd to escape present destruction, that if the special! ])rovidence of God himselfe 
hid not supported vs, wo could nener liaiic endured tlial wofuU state: as bein^ 
innironed witli m.)<l terrible and most fearlull iii(lf;emenls round about. For truly 
it was inoic hkely lint tlie mount lines slionld have beene rent in sunder, from the 
to|) to the bottciiiii', and cast headlong; into the sea, by these vnnatural winds, than 
til it we, hy any heli)e or cunning of man, should free the life of any one amongst vs. 

" -N'olwithstandin,', ihe same God ol mercy wliich delivered Jonas out of the 
Whales bidly, and hearelh all those that call \ pon him rdlhfully, in their distresse ; 
looked (biwiie from heauen. beheld our teare^. and heard our humble peiitions, ioyncJ 
with holy vowes. F.uen God (whom not the VNinds and seas alone, but euen the 
diuels tliemselues and powers of hell obey) did so wondfrfully free vs, and make our 
way ojien before vs. as it weic; by his ludy .\n:;ids still giiidin;,' and conducting vs, 
that moie then the atniiiht and am i/e of lids esl.ile, we received no part of damage 
in all the t!iini,'s that belomjed vnto vs. 

" Bat escajiini,' I'rom the>e slraiti'S and miseries, as it were through the needles ey 
(ihat God might haue the greater glory in our deliuery) by the grial and cti'ectuall 
care and tr.iuell of our Gener.ill, the Lord's instrument therein ; we could now no 
Ijni^er forbeare, but must iieedes fmde some place of n-luge, as well to jiroviJe water, 
wood, and other necessaries, as to comiort our men, thus worne and tired out, by so 
many and so loni; inUdlerable toyles ; the like whereof, its to be supjioscd, no traveller 
h ith felt, neither Ijath there cvrr lieene, such a temiiis; (ihat any records iii.ike iiien- 
tion of) so violent, and of such conlinuanec, since A'i'i/..s doml; for as halii beene 
siyd, it lasted from September 7. to October "J"^, I'ull .vj dayes." 

Thou:;h this extract be lonLT,. we have given but the closin;? part of the 
description of the storm. When we consider that it was winter in that region, 



♦ The lime of Sir Francis Drake's liirili Ins usually liecii llxe<l at t.'il.'i ; h\n from cenealoj- 
a! ami oilier iiivc ■•ligations, it appears that lie ni'.isl have Ijccii fiorn as earty as I'jil. 



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the Gulden Hind. 



120 



and the nalnro nf tlioso poa=^, the storm (uf which we have hranl so much,) 
which overlook Columbus sinks iuto comparative insii,'(ii!icance. 

We cuuiiot clu->u tlii-j k-ni^thened JigrL'Ssiou, (if so it may l)e consiJercil,) 
without an extract fiom a I'oem on tlic Death of Drake by Cuaui.ks Fitz- 
(Jiot'KRKY ; who 111 the following jinssai^e seems to have liad tlie wihJ scenes 
ol Terra del Fuego, in a dismal winter's night, vividly before hini : — 

" Hiiiro inuiinl.iin islnruls of ronL'pnli'd i''e, 
l''li>.uinj,' I lil;o DfU)>) uu iho >loiiiiy 111:1111, 
' Coiilil not (Iclcr liiin Iruin Ins ciiliT|iris<'. 

: • ' . ^I'lir blooi] coiif-'culiiii: winter's Irct-'ZiiiL.' jiain, 

Enloft'e liiiii, i-ow;uil liki", liirn liiK'k nj-aiii ". 
Valor in ^'re.ilc-^l iI.m.iT sliiiiL's iiioil l)ri;:lit, 
■ •■"• ■ .A-, I'Lill-lacL-J I'li.i'i.jc 111 iho .kl^kL■^t liiylil/' 

JOnX THOMAS, captain of the Marigold. He was lost with all his company, 
after the evpedilion liad passed the Straits of MaL,udlan, in the terrible tem- 
pest, just described, anions the islands of 'I'lrra del Fuc_'o. 

JOHN CHESTER, captain of the Swan. He probably continued throughout 
the voyaL'i?. 

THOMAS .MOOXE, captain of the Christopher. He was wnh Drake in his 
early voyai^es to South .\merica, and seems always to have l»een with him 
and to have followedliis fortunes as lonij as he lived, and to have died almost 
at the same time with his beloved commander; not liowever Irorn disease 
like him, but by the iiand of his enemy, beini,' killed by the Spaniard-^. 

THOMAS DRAKE, the youngest brother of itie Admiral. He does not appear 
to have been in any command at the outset of the voya!;!;e, but was soon after 
raised to tlie command of one of the ships. At this limo he was probably 
about 18 years of a::;e. He continued with his brother in most of his voyages 
afterwards, was with him in his l,i>t vuviure. and in command of a ship. 
From him are descended the Drakes uf Diickland, and of several other places 
in the south of Di.'vonshire. 

FRAX'CIS FLETCHER, chaplain to the expedition. He kept a journal of the 
voyage, a copy of wiiich in MS. is said still to be seen in the lUitish 
Museum, and from which the account before mentioned is supposed to be 
principally made up. 

EDWARD CEIFFI'!, who sailed in Capt. Winter's ship, and returned with him. 
He lelt a good account of his voyage. 

JOHN DRAKl'',, who for beimi the'lirst to tliscover a Spanish treasure-ship was 
rewarded by the Admiral with his gold chain, " which he usually wore." Ho 
does not appear to have been of the Admiral's immediate family, but was very 
probably a near relative. He was afterwards a captain in F'enton's disastrous 
e.vpediiion, was cast away in the mouth of the Rio do la Plata, fell into the 
hands of the Indians, thence irito the hands of the Spaniards, and was not 
hcani of after. 

HEXRV DR.MvIv Of his relalionsliip to the Adniiral wc have no certain 
knowleilge, nor are we ccrtatn th.it he was one of the "gieat voyage-' J1«J 
was in the last voyage, was present when a cannon-shot trom the castle of 
Porto Rico passed throirjrh Sir Franci-'s ship, while he with his principal 
oliicers were at sup[)er, which shot struck his siMt from under him, mortally 
woundiuLT Capt, Untie Biownc and S^r Xiclujlas ClijJ'ord. '• This," says Dr. 
Thomas Fuller, " I had from the mouth of Heniiy Drake, Esu., there present, 
my dear and worthy pari.-hioner lalel)' deceased." 

FRANCIS PRE'I'TV. About this individual there has been of late much 
controversy ; whether or not he was one of Draktj's company, and it he was, 
whether he was the author of the " Famous Voyage," (as that around the 
world was styled,) rir.-,t printed by llakluyt, in li'MK We have not space here 
to go into an examination of that ipie.-~tiun, and shall only remark, that it is 
])ossible he may have been one of r)iake's company. Some have made him 
a Frcjichman ; but that opinion wi^ entirely reject. It is certain that he 
sailed witli Cavendish, and wrote an account of hi^ voyage. The tN\o voy;igcs 



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Passniircrs of 



April, 



of Drake and Cavotuli-li were luiaU'il in cor.neclion, which may liave given 
rise to an orior. Dr. Twiss, in liis hito evaminanou of the Oii'gun Question, - 
has, to our niiii.l, set tlie matter in a clear liL^ht. 

CKOIvCK FOIvTHSCUlO, pruhahly a connection of Drake, and perhaps of the 
family of IJaithohjinew Fortes. 'ue, Esq., whose daughter Gertrude married 
Sir 15onuud Drake of A-h. 'I'iiis George Foitescue left a MS. account of tlio 
voyage, or at lea-l -oiiie part of it, as \ve aie iiifurru(;d by l)r. Fuller. Ho 
was a captain uiidtT his old I'oinmauder in the We.-^t Indies, iu IJSJ, mid died 
dnrinsr thtit expedition. 

THOMAS DOrcJUTV. Oae of those, who, if wo can credit Ilerrera, went 
out as a irciitleinan, "to learn navigation " and naval warfare, williout any 
particular oiiii'e. Ih; became mutinous before the ileet arrived on the coast 
of Bra/d, and was rmaliy tried, cuudemneil, and executed on a >inall island 
in the harbor uf I'urt St. Julian. '■ In the Hand,'' says the writer of the voyage, 
•'as we diL'L;i'd to burie this gi.Milleman, u e found a i:ieat grinding stone, 
broken in two parts, wtiii'h wee looke and set f.ist in the ^rround, the cue [)art 
at the head, the other at the feet, building vp the middle space with other 
atones and turft.vs of eartli, and en'.'nivetl in the stones the namt-s of the par- 
ties burieil tliere, with the lime of their departure, and a nii'moriall of our 
generalls name in Latine, tliat it miLdit the better be vnder>Iood, by all that 
should conu; after \s.'' He was buned with ,\Ir. Oliver, who had ju->t been 
killed by the Indians. t 

THOMAS HOOD, mentioned otdv in connection with the case of Doughty. 

THOMAS 15LAC0LKK, afterwards in the e\p.-dition of Fentun. The name 
is spelt with vari;i!i>in. There are tho-e beanuL'' it now in New England. 

JOHN GIlIIMv I'e.liaps a mi>tal;e for --Juhn the Greek." 

LROXAIU) VICAH V, who was an advocate for Dou-hty. The name uf Vicary, 
though not eoinmon in Xew IhiL'jand, i-. to Im' met with, and has jjrobably 
b(>en known in Ma<<aehii^ett> since Idsii. In tliat \ ear, Sr:TH, according to 
Farmer, was admitted a freeman nt 11, ill ; and he adds, -'this name has been 
in .\ew Hampshire within a feu years.'' 

CRANE, perhaps lUdjih Crane, who afterwards served with Fenton, in 

15S2. 

THOMAS CHESTER, also a witness in the case of Doughty. 

ROBERT WINTERLY. 

0M\'f1lt. the master-gunner in the deet, killed by the Patagonians. 

THO.M.VS CUT'lM.i:, btdonLMugto t!ie Admiral's ship, wi'th the rank of captain. 

.lOHN D0E(;HT\', a youuLrer brother of Thomas, who was executed. 

JOH.N RROWN, a trumpeter, an evidence against Doughty. 

JOHN COOK. It is doubtful whether anyone of the company bore this name, 
yet a MS. bearinu it has been made use of in a collection of voya<res, the 
whole purport of which seems to be an attem;>t to cast a stain on the pro- 
ceedings of Diako in the ca--e of Doughty. It is supposed to have lieen 
written by some oni- present in the deet, ami tln^ name of the transcriber may 
liave been taken for the author. A Jakn Coiun'i'd is menlloiied by Mr. Harrow 
as "an annolator 0!i '" the original narrative, now in the British .Sluseum. 

JOHN FRVl'!, who, with more courage than discretion, juniping on shore in 
Africa, was seized by the .Moors and carried oil. He linally returned to 
Englaml. 

EDWARD BRIGHT, a chief accuser of Tliomas Doughty. 

TH0:\1AS GOOD, prominent in the case of Doii-htv. 

JOHN BREWF.K, one of the companv who Ian led on the island of Mocha 
with till! Admiral, and W(m(! attacked by tin- Indians. He receiveil seventeen 
wounds, yet recovereil, :ind saih-d alteruaids with Cavendish. 

H EGII SM ri'li, mentioned in conn eel ion u ilh the ad air of DouL'hty. 

RICHARD j\H\I\'V, who was killed by the Spaniards near Cvi'po, Dec. 19, 
lATS. 

ROBERT ^VINTER. Terliaps the same called Winterly in one account, and 
irinlrrhic in another. 

I'l'Vi^ER C.VRDER, wdio with seven others separated from the Admiral at the 
western mouth of the Straits of Magellan, duiing the tempe-^l before men- 



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131 



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tionoJ. In an open l)oat tlicy succoedcd in repassing the Straits, coasted llie 
continent to Jirazil, tliroiii,'li every variety of sulferinir, until Carder alone was 
left alivi'. lie finally reached Knu'land alter nine years' al)>enee, and was 
aiiiniltcd to the pres(Mic(! of (ineen Klizabetli, who heard from liis own mouth 
the tale of his adventures. I'uiclias ltoI fiuin him tlio aecouiit which we 
have, and whieli he pu!ili>hed in 'his I'iLtmu^/' 

WILLIAM I'lrCiir.Iv. who was oni' nf the coiupunions of Carder, and lived to 
reach the eua-l of llia/ilj where he died from drinkin;^' too fieely of water, 
when near dead of thirst. 

JOHN AUDLI', V, on(! of those wlio f.ivorod I)oUL,'lity's niutiuous conduct. 

WAKIiALL, also deeply couceined in the niuliny. 

ULVSSI'",S, [in.liably an African, .-crvaul to Capt. Winter. 

COHH. (Caube in tlie narralivi'ij wilh \Vinter or Thomas. 

CII.VKLKS, aI>o with \Vinler or 'I'homa-. but once mentioned. 

A.N'TllO.N V, aUo with \Vinter or Thomas, and but once nKiiilioned. 

WILLIA.M HAWKINS, perhaps a brother of Sir Richard Hawkins, and son of 
Sir John Hawkins, Kt.- He was afterwards vice-adtniial under Capt. Fen- 
ton, in the expedition of \'i^'2. 

JOHN DKANK, a witness in liie ca-e of I^uiudity. Whet'.ier he continued 
throuirhout the vo\aL;e or imt, is unknown. 

JOHN 'MAKTVN, afterwards Capl. .luhn .Marlyn or Martin of I'l_\rnoulh. and 

son of ^larlin of Biid^'elown near 'J'olne--, \s ho had male i.~~ue li\in-j 

there in Iti-JO. 

THOMAS CL.VCKLKV, boatswain in the Admiral's ship. 

Jt^HN SARIC'OLH, one of the important evidences against Dou^'hly. 

K.MAN.l'KL WATKVNS. His name, with Saricold's and seveial others, is 
sii;neil to ciTtain arliclcs goinp: to prove the ;4uilt of HoUL'lity. 

GEOIKIK CAKV, a magician. The same probably called (Irc^^orij Ciirij, in the 
documents in Harrow's Worlliies. He aile.-5ted to the nmtuious conduct of 
DouL'-htv. 

MLNRVSIMNDELAY, gunner in Capt. Chester's -hip. ■ ' 

JAMES SVD^'l',, mentioned onlv in Houi^hlv's case. 

WILLIAM SF.AGE, mentioned only as above. 

JOHN DAVIS, wlio~e name the izreat northern Strait will ever perpetuate, who 
was perhaps in Capt. \Vinler's ship, thnuL'h we a;e not sun? of the fact ; but in 
1595, he said he had lluTi "thiicH; ]ias>rd the Strails of Mai:ellan,'' wliicb 
rentiers it cpiite certain that he mii->t have -ailed with Diake in his voj'a;^e of 
circnmnaviL'ation, as theic is no other way of accounting for his having 
" ihrico passed those Straits." 



Thus out of " IGl uble and .sufik'iont men," we have nboitt one third 
of iheni l)y name ; and from a passage in " Harrow's Naval AA'ortliies" 
we are led to hope, that " twenty-nine" other names will yet be recov- 
ered. SlionU! they come to our liand, we iiitiy at a I'utuie lime make 
an article respecliui: tlicm also,* 



* Mr, Prjlci- li:i-i HI a lorw.ed >l.ili> u,r ;iii'ilM-;U!(in a I'lill 
Ills Voy;u-<.->, coiUaiMiiii: some iiii|ii'Maul lacl> IiuIrtIo unim' 



uu of Aihiural Drake ai^l 
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132 Examination of the Quakers [April, 

" \ LVST OF TIIK PASINGKRS ABOIID TIIF, SPF.RDWKLL OF 
LONDON, ROHKUT LOCK ^L\STKU, LOUND FOR NEW ENGLAND. 

Richard Straltoii, aged iShudrack IIopi,^ood, 

John Mulfuot, " Thomas GoodyuoiiL'h, 

Richard Sniilh, "'• -13 Nalliauicd Goodiuou 

Franci.s Rriiislo)'; " L^2 Joliii Fay, 

'J'hornas Noyce, ' " ^-'Wiliiaiti Tayhr, 

Matlicw Edwards. '' iRicliaul Suinh, 

Joseph Rouk's, ' '• -IT Ahihuhuletl Munuitii 

A\'illiam Brand, (Q)* " -10 Marirarctt Molt, 

J(i!in Copt'laiid, ((2) " SS'liL-nry Rl'cul', 

Chri^toplicr HoKlor, (Q) '" 2j Ilencry Sukcr, 

'J'hoiiias Tliur.-tiiii, (Q) " 3 1 John Slorso, 

JvLiry Prince, ((|) " 21 Nickohis Dauison, 

Sarah Gibbons, ((i) " iLJohn Raldwin, 

^Luv Weaiherhead, (Q) " 2r, Mary IJaUlvvin, 

Dorothy AVaugh, {(I) " 20 Rebeca Worster, 

Lester Smith, '■ 2-1 John AVii^ins, 

Christopher Clarke, " HSJohnMiUer, 

Edward Lane, " 3G Thomas Home, 

'Tlio : Richardson, " ID John Crane, 

John F^arie, '• 1 TCharels liaalam, 

Thomas Rarnes, " 20' 

"The persons abouc named past from liencc [in] the ?.hipp aboue mcnitioneJ, 
and are, accordini: to order, re-islred heave. Dated, Searchers olllce, Giaues- 
end. 30th ^lay, 1056. 

EDWARD PEELING,) <^,,,,,,^,,, 
JOIEX PIIILPOTI". ( ' ' 
" Theesc were Landed at Boston in N. E. the 27th of the monelh. lii5C. 

J. E." 



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'•'AN EXAMLNATION OF THE (QUAKERS REFORE [THE] COURT OF 
ASSISTANTS, 8 SEPTEMBER, 1G3G." 

[The following is nii exact coiiy of ihc original minutes, made at the 
examination of the Quakers, at the eonrt in Boston above specitied. 
Hutchinson refers to the books of the Court in bis account or notice of 
this affair; but whatever may there be found to justify his remark that 
the Quakers made " rude and contemptuous answers," no one will allow 
that any thing of the kind was contained in these original minutes, to 
justify any such conclusion. They are here presented to illustrate, as 
far as they may, this dark page of our early history. This document 
is the more im[)oriant, as it appears to be one of the earliest, if not the 
earliest paper in relation to the proceedings against that people. They 
came into New Ihiglantl in.luly preceding their apprehension and trial, 
and were twelve in number. The issue of their examination being 
matter of history, it will not be necessary to go into the details lierc. 
The inquirer after truth may consult Hutchinson, Neal, Hazard, 
Jhsliop, and others for them.] 

* The eight names a;;aiii.st which is the letter Q liaJ a Q. set opposiif lo ihcin in the mar- 
pin til" llie i)rif,'inal paper containin- ihc nc.-ouiit, il.iiuliiiL', as is Mippi.M'il. lli.il U.r iiulivid- 
iials were (lualaTS. It is sai.l in Scwalls I lislcrv ol" ll'^ (.Jiiakir> ih.il then- arri\ .-.1 .it Unburn 
lwo,,;h<T t»iiakiTsiii.liilvul ihisvcar, iKUiulv, M.irv I'i-Iht ami Ami An-iin, w hn wi-n- Vi-ry ill 
trcaliJ on llioir arnv.ii, by Gov. BcUin^'h.ini,' lhoiiL;h there was yet no Uiw a-.imbt LiuaLers. 



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1^17.] 



Before the Court of Assistants. 



133 



I. Qiifst Whillicr y.ni oune yor selves to be such as arc commonly knosvne or 

callcti by y name ot Quakers \ 
Aiisr. Wee are all so called. Wee arc all of one minde. 

■I. (iiiest. Whither yow bronght not oner hither seuerall bookes wherein are 
cutiteyned the seuerall opinions of y« sect or people. .Mary IVince and 
another. 
; [Ans.] Yea. those y' were taken from us. 
;, 3. Quest. Wherefore came yow into theise parts ? 
Anb\ (by all) To doc y" will of Cod w'euer he should mak knownc to be his 
wdl. 

4. Quest. ]I(iw doe yow make it Appeare v» Cod called yow hither ' 
Ann'. (Dor. \Vawgh)* He y' belienes li;itli v witnrss in himself. 

(I]rend.)f 15y the Power of y'' spirit .WV'l„rd. h was a crosse to mv will 
I would nut haiie come but the lord hath broui'ht me downe to obv liim in 
Ins call. 

5. Quest. Doe yow Acknowledger y^' liuht in every man's Conscirnc y' comes 
nito y-' world is \« and y' y' liiiht would >aue him if obcyd ? 

The Ans' to y' in thiere bookes is, The li-ht is but one W^'' is \\ who enli"hl- 
nes one, and all are enliLditned wth one li-ht, as in the 3' pa^ of v' boulvc 
and m >^ clo.se of y booke. Ad : v' y» is called \-- li-ht of yo' Conscienc' 
the true teacher, and sayd to be the lirst stop to peace, xdl vcrfni. 
Mury J'rince Do yow uune the letter you- sent me ? which was sheu ('7.^/1 
liir. ^ ' 

Ans^ Yes: and sayd it was y« ctcrnall word of y« lord wich must stand for 
eiior, and should stand ; and sayd further, she wioie this as a pruphct one of 

^ yMord, and was Cui.led by y« Infallible Spirit of y'' lord. ' 

G. Quest. ^Viletller yo.v oune that the scriptures are the rule of knowing- God 
and living to him .' ^ 

Ans^ The eternall wor.l is y« Rule of theire lines, and not y^ written word : and 
in Ans^ to y-^ (Question propounded from them : That if yow had not the 
scriptures to direct yow yet yow haue y' wthia yow wch was belore scrip- 
ture, y' vould ijuide you ari^'ht. 
To wch Mary Prince Ansrd, yea, and y' it was a sutlicyent Cuidc. 

7. Quest. Doe yow Acknowled:: y' .\' is Cod and man in one pson .' 

This they w ill not acknowleilg. 

8. Quest. Doe yow Ackuowledg one Cod sub, Luting in three persons — father, 
Sonne and lu)ly Ghost .' 

Ans'. They Acknowledg no Trinity of persons. 

9. Quest. Whither yow Acknowledg v' Cod and man in one person remayne 
foreuer a distinct psun from (Jod y' father and Cod yMioly (Jhost and from 
y° saints, notwithstanding theire vuion and comunion wth h'im ? 

This they will not Acknowledgis. 

10. Quest. Doe yow Acknowledg your self a sinner ? 

This they will not Acknowled-e. 

11. Quest. Doe yow Acknowledg Baptisme wth water to be an ordinance of 
God ? 

This they will not Acknowledg. 

..'.■"" ' ''^ 

* norolhy \\'.ii).,li. • - - . , . ■ 

f William BrciKl, ur l>ranil. J^oc List of I\i;scii|.-crs in t!,c i^^jiccilwcll. 



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A Cumphic List of I he Jnnislcrs of JJustun. [April, 





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1847.] 



First ScUlrrs of Xew EinyhiiuL 



137 



A LIST OF NAMES FOUND a:\IONG THE FIRST 
SETTLERS OF NEW KNCJLANl). 



(Tliose names wliicli are starred are nut foiilaineil in I'ariiier's GeM<'alo;.'iial Uei.';»ler, and 
coni'tTMiiiL,' lliose wliirli an; iinl starred, additional (iiel% are rclaled, Tlie artiele is [ire- 
[mrcJ entirely Iroiu uiii)iilili>lied liianiiserijils, liy .Mr 5. (j. DraLe.) 



Adams, Samuel, Chelni'ford, atitliorir.ed 

to solemnize niarria;^es ihcre, lii'")!. 
ALr,r:N, ]{u/.oun, Boston, const. ible. ICSO, 
Ai.LiN, Oneshmiorls,* Ipswich, ItJT'.i. 
Ai.LY.NE, Thomas, » B.irnsl;»bli', It'.lt, a I 
witness to a sale of land by Ihe Indian | 
SiaciuJ:. I 

A^nRKWS, Thomas,* and Thomas Jk.,* i 
Dorchester, 1001. i 

Ancikr, A.ndrkw, first inhabitant at j 
Diinston, Mo. — Aeihur, born about j 
10i'5. 
Annaulk, Antiion V, Barnstable, 10 1 1. 
AitciiARu, Saml'iil,* church iiieinber, | 
Salem, I04i). j 

Ardiill, RiciiAKo,* Boston, merchant, j 

IGSO. 
Atwook, Joun,* ensi;.Mi, Boston, juror, 

IGSO. 
AvEiiY, WiM.iAM* and Jon ath a n,* inoni- 

bers of the church, Dedham, 1077. 
Baxter, Ua.mki., Salem, lOW. Carried 
the charter i»f K. Island from Boston to 
Newport, It'iiVJ. [Funna-'sMS] 
Bentley, William,* came to New Eng- 
land in the ship Arabella, liichanl 
Sprague master, sailed lioni Gravesend, 
May 27, 1071. 
Bezbean E, Jons,* Woburn, 1077, 
B&RiiY, KiciiARU,* Medlord, 10:10). 
Bf.AKE, Francis,* Dorchester, lOi'il. — 

William,* — James, a. 'J-l in liJ77. 
Blowers, John, a '.U) in li'iii;j,a lessee of an 
island in Boston hnrbor for seven years. 
BoTT, Isaac,* Boston, lii75. 
Bradley, William,* Dorcliestcr, ICOl. 
Broughtos, Thomas, Boston, lOi.'j.j, peti- 
tions general court ai;aiu»l imposing 
duties on importations. 
BuLr,, \Villia:\i, Chatlestown, 103'^, 
heard Squaw Sacliem say then, that she 
had given all her lands to Mr. (I'lbbons ; 
%vas I'l years of aL;e in lOii.'. 
Capen, Baunaku, witnesses the Indian 
deed of Dorchester, I'ul; Samlel,* 
also a witness to the sanii>. 
Cari'E.nter, \Villiam, Ilinjham, 1011, 
witnessed, and seems to have drawn the 
deed of a tract of land there from tiie 
Indians " to Jolin 'J'ower the elder." 
His aulOL;r.iph, and the inshument to 
which it is attached, are a most elcj^ant 
specimen of the chiroL;rapliy ofth.it ajje. 
Ciikevkr, Kzekikl, married the widow 
of Capt I.,othrop, who was killed in 
Sudbury fight, before .May I'J, lObU. 
Child, Kichakd,* Watertown, 
lObO. 





juror 



CiiTRni, (JAitRETT, Watertown, lO'iO, 

iiyed .01 in I'li'..;. — RifUAKD, I'lymouth, 

I'liil ; went there from WessaKuscussetl. 

Clarke, Jona.s, constable of (.'arnbridge, 

li'.NJ. — 'I'liKoDOitE,* York, lOOIi. 
Clat, Nathaniel,* Dorchester, 1004. 
Coiiii, IIenr\, Barnstable, 1044. 
Cook, GtoKHE, Colonel, >ic., Cambridge, 
M-^., in which place and vicinity he had 
lai^e possessions ; returne<l to Kn^lai.d 
in or about tlie beginning of the Ci\il 
War, in which he took a jurt, went into 
Ireland, where be was killed in lO.'iJ. lie 
w;is twice married, and left by one of 
liis wives, two daughters : 1. MA!!V,m. 
to " her iTiother's younger brother," Mr. 
Samuel Annesley, ICM. In lOO'J she 
resided at Martins in the Fields, Lon- 
don: in lii'.H slie resided with her lius- 
band in the city of ^Vestminster. "J. 
1!li/.aiie 1 H, m. 1st, Rev. John Quick, 
of St. (ules. Crip[ile Gate, London, ar.d 
perha[is, :.'iidly, Joseph Caw ihorne. 
Crisie, Benjamin, " Misticke als Mead- 

forde,"' lO'dO, 
Ci'RwiN, GEonne, Salem, lOiS-J, aged 70 ; 

went there near 4 1 years bcl'ore. 
CisiiiN. Ji:ri.mi All.* Boston, juror, ICSO. 
Davis. Lawrenck,* York, 160i.'i. 
DiNSDALK, \\'iLi.iAM, ai;ed 17 in li'OI. 
Hired an island of John I.evciett, in 
Boston liaibor, for seven years. 
Doi;<,Ki r, John, Hingham. KJO,', w here he 

witnessed an Indian deed. 
DiRciE, William,* came to Ipswich, 
Nov. 'J, lOi'ilJ, and was then 3,') years old. 
H.ul been in the W. Indies, and c.nne 
here from thence. AViie, Martha. I'er- 
h.ips tins name is that since wiitteii 
])nr^in. 
]•". ooilcom i;e. Milks,* a. 'J3, lt''70.. Was 
at " Black Point the day and tyiue when 
nine of Winterhavbor men were li^'btin:; 
with the Indians upon the ?,inds o[ipo- 
siie to the said place.' 
F.EDY, John,* I'lymoath, left there to 
i reside 111 Massachusetts, before Feb, 
j lo:i-'. 

I Kl'EIts, Ma rill AS,* Dnrchesler. lOi'.l. 
'i I-VEKKii, John, Chelmsfoid, lii'l, where 
} be IS aulhoii/.ed to unite people in m.ir- 
I lii^^e. 

FooTE, 1'asc'o, Salem cburcli. Ii'b). 
I Foster, Ja.mks.* J)orche.sler, coii>t.ibIe, 
I lO.Si). 

I Fox, 'l"iioMA«-, M.S., about .V2 in 10..'.', wile, 
I Klinor. 
\ Ti.i. kVF.i.L, Umiiako, Dunston, .Mo. l'''il. 



.>>.'V \^•V' 






,V;4W ■■ "*l 






133 



First Sclllcrs of Xciu Jjiiglnnd. 



[April, 



FnANKLiN, Bentamin, BostoH, bcfore 

1(J78, wife, Katherine. 
FltlE^D, John, Salprii, church mcnib., IT. 10. 
GoDDAKD, Giles,* Boston, lO'C, liad wife 

and servants. 
Gkat, Joiim,* buys Nantasket of the 

Indians, IG''.'2. 

GkEKNLKAFE, EnOCII,* BostOn, SflddlCT, 

U\'J3. 

GttEF.Noi'aii, RoHERT,* Rowloy, 1701. 

Grken, Joh.n, Carnliridge, juror, lOSO. 
Na riiANiEL, lfJ75. 

Hariioj), Thomas,* Boston, juror, lOSO. 

Hews, jEKEMfAU,* Dorchester, IGGl. — 
Et.EAZEB,* Dorchester. 

Ha uxwoRTH, Thomas,* Salisbury. Had 
a danijhtcr married to Oiiebiphorus Piij^e. 
His widow was living tiiere, 1007. 

Haydes, Samuel,* Doichester or vicin- 
ity, ICiji".. 

Hir.i.s, Joseph, Mcdford, a. I'.i) in li'^Cl:-'. 
Capt. James,* [HillJ grand juror, Bos- 
ton, ir.si', 

Hoar, AVii.i.ia m,* Boston, baker, li'i79. 

HonMA>, John, Dorchester, I'm'.', born 
lti.')9. 

Hood, Jeremiah,* Massachusetts, 1G7G. 

HopiN, Steven,* born IG'JGi, Dorchester, 
in Capt. Roi^or Clapp's employ. IGIJ. 
Witness to Indian deed of Dorchester, 
('^. 1: 1G19.) 

HonGHTON, Ralph, Lancaster, ] G7G. 
where he was constable, collector oi' 
taxes, treasurer, &c. There were al the 
same place in 1703, Henry, Jonas, 
Robert, John, Sen , John, Ju., Joslph 
and JACon. 

Howard, Jacob,* Dorchester, 1GG4. 

Hudson, William, lived at " Wadins; 
River" in 1G70, "where Kin^ I'liilip 
and Squamaug (brother of Josias do- 
ceased) met to settle the bounds between 
them, which had for some time been in 
dispute. 
Johnson, Edward, a. GO in IGGiO, at 
which time he gives evidence about 
land in Charlestown. Francis, Mar- 
blehead, IGGO, nephew of Mr. Christo- 
pher Coulsou, a merchant adventurer of 
London. 
JovLiFFE, John. Boston, will dated IG.O'). 
1700. Had a brother. Dr. GEonriE Jov- 
MEEK, in England; sisters, jioiioniv 
Cane, in England, Maktha C(ioi;,iii 
England, Reiiecta Woi.corr, Marca- 
REF Drake, and Makv Biss, "some- 
time wife of James Biss of Shepton 
Mallet, in the county of Somerset," 

iMlg. 

Key, Joshua,* probably married a daugh- 
ter of Capt. Thomas Lothrop, who was 
killed by the Indians in \>\1C>. as his 
children received a legacy out of Loth- 
rop'* estate. 

KiNc, Thomas, was an inhabitant of 
Exeter, 1G75. 

KniqiiTj Walter, aged GG in IG.':], at 



wliich time he was at Boston. The 
same person was at Nantasket in IGJ'J. 
John, Cliailcstuwn, juror in the witch 
trials, li'i^O. 
Latham, Ca r v, was born in lCr2; Boston, 
li;r,:j. 

Lawrence, Thomas, Hiniiham, IGGl. 
Loephelin, Petsk,* Frenchman, Boston, 

lii7'J. 
Leach, Richard, Salem, a. GO in 1G73, 

leased a farm of Gov. lundecott, IG,")?. 
LoNu, RuisKiiT, IMarblehead, a. 70 in 

1 GGO. 
LoTHKop, Capt. Thomas: his widow 
married Joseph Grallon, before May 19, 
liVso. After her decease, the property 
left her by Lothrop was ordered by court 
to the wile of E/.ekiel Chever, and her 
issue, heirs of Capt. Lothrop. It is also 
ordered Mrs. Grafton to pay to the chil- 
dren of Jo.ihua Key, .CJO. 
LvoN, I'eiek, Dorchester, IGGI. 
Mai:i:ineu,Andrew,* Boston, 1G'J3, leath- 
er dresser. 
Mather, Ti.mothy, Dorchester, 1G(^7. 
Maviiew, Thomas, hired a farm jn Med- 

ford, lG3iJ. 
Mei.len, John,* Charlestown, where he 

died before IGO,"). 
MiuDLECorr, Mk. [Uiciiakd?] Boston, 

juror at trials for witchcraft, liiSo. 
MoKALL, James,* b. IGGO, .Massachu- 
setts, IG'-O. 
MoKSE, WiLLiA.M, Newbury; wife, Eliza- 
beth, accused of practising %vitchcraft, 
finally acquitted at Hoston, IGSO. 
!\IosE, John, \Vatertown, IGSO, constable. 
Morr, Nathaniel, a. 19, ur there- 
abouts, in 1G81. 
Nai;a MOKE, Thomas,* Dorchester, 1CG4. 
Persons of this name are in N. Hamp- 
shire at this time 
Nek; H BOP.. James,* Massachusetts. 1GC2. 
OnioHN E, JiiiiN an<l Phii.l., Portsmouth, 
N. IT , 1G.')7, subscribed toward the sup- 
port of public worship. 
Page, Onkpiphoius.* Salisbury, 16C7, 
married dauijhter of Thomas Hauxworth 
[Hawksworth]. 
Pai:>()Ns, Mai:k,* Sagadahock, IGG;!. 
Pa TK.^HALi , RiutEur,* Boston, IG.'ir), pe- 
titions tJencral Court ag.un>t duties on 
importations. 
Pka.'^mi:, J(>m;imi, went to Haverhill be- 

Ibre lG'^i3. 
Philip-^, John,* Massachusetts, 1G30, 
styled servant, went to Plymouth, 1G31. 
pDi.K, Wii.M.\M,* Dorchester, IGl'J. The 

name is since written I'lol. 
Pr.v N , Ei'ii LAi.M,* boin IGGl, Dorchester, 

Jii^O. 
R \ ! N'-FiiitD. S \ M I i:i.,* Bo-it on, kille<i with 
Capt. 'I'urncr, at Pawtuckel, in I'hilip's 
war, leaving no relative in the country. 
Rice, Hr.NKY, Charlestown. juror, U'>G2. 
RicHAKD, GvLEs,* Sen., Massachusetts, 
IGGG. 



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IS17. 



Capital Offences In MassacIiKSCtls. 



139 



RonniNS, RiniARi), juror at trials for 

witclicrafl, lOSO. 
luiirr, Thomas, Lynn, lo7l, where he 

attetniited to ijalher a chnicli. 
liv A i.L, JosEi 11,* Cliai lestowii, constable, 

) o,so. 

SAU.MHiiis, IMaui-jn,* born liJ30, Boston, 
lo7'.l. 

Seai.k, Ephkaim,* Lieutenant, Boston, 
juror, liisi;). 

Shakes, John,* Boston, Lieutenant, iG-'i^. 

Si:\VAr,i,, Hi;.MtY, was residing at Man- 
cliester, Lancaster co., Lng, in lo23, 
only son of II t;N KY Si \v m,i., who ranie 
to \. I'liiijlaiul with liis family, ami set- 
tled in Newbury. 

Siikkhi'km;, Gi;oiti;K, b. li'Q2, Ports- 
mouth, 1050, ni. llehecca, dau. Ambrose 
Gibbins, and had cliiKhen, Samtkl, 
]'.t,iZAiii:Tn, ni. Tobias Lear, Makv, 
Hk.vkv, John, A m lU'-o'-i:, Sauah, and 
UiJiiECiA. [Fuiincr'i MS.] 

Sii'.LY, JiiiiN, church member, Salem, 
I'VIO. 

Smith, John,* Barnstable, ICH. 

Si'RAcri:, SAMri.i.,* Cbarleslown, IGrT). 

Si ii.iiM A \, Ki.i \s, Boston, constable, 1073. 

SioNE, JiMiN,* \Vaterto\vn, juror, KJSO. 

SiuusoN, RoiiEKi,* one of the commis- 
sioners for settling; the bounds between 
Plymouth and Massaclmsetls, H>ol. 

SrM.NEi;, W'l i.i.i A M,* Dorchester, 1G70. 

Swain, John, » Salisbuiy, b. Iii33, Nan- 
tucket, 171)3. A Lieutenant Swain had 
been under Major Appleton a;;ainst tlie 
Indians at Narras;atiset, in lo7j. He 
was afterwanls a c.iptain. 

Tati.kr, John,* Shipcot, [Sheepscot,] 
1G(J.'). 

TiiAVER, RunAiiii, Massachusetts, went 
to England, and returned in 1G79. 

Tl.NKUA M. El- Hit AIM, MaSSacllUSet tS, ll'il'iG, 

at which time he was a witness to the 
sale of lands to Richard Thayer of 
Braintrce, by tlie Indian chief Jusius. 
He attests to it in li)7!-:. 
TowEi:, JtniN, Hiiij^ham, buys a large 



tract of land of several Indians in that 
place; deed dated June 17, lG-11. In 
an eridorsemeiit on said deed, i rri.ide by 
Ri: Bellinghani, ID: 1: lGiV.'-3,) John 
TowEH is called senior. But in the 
Tower GE.NKALO(;irAT. Ti'.tE there 
arc assigned as the children of Joh.n 
TowEuof Hingliam, (lo37) only Am- 
itiiosK, Benjamin, Jo.natha.n, Ha.n- 

N A H, and Jr. I'.K.Ml AH. 

Travis, Damli,,* " chiefe gunner in y« 
town of Boston, to salute shipps and 
look after y"^ artillery," at .Ld per an- 
num, l'>0. 

Wait, John, Charlestown, juror, 1GG2, 
[spelt \\\iyli\] Boston, juror at the trials 
for witchcraft, l'"iSO. Kn hakd, Boston, 
a. SJ in li')7S. He was marshal. Kuii- 
Ai:i), Spnn^'field, ICsO, wounded by In- 
dians, Oct. f>, 1G75. 

Wales, Joh n,*^ and John, Ju,* Dorches- 
ter, 1G77. 

Wai.kkk, RoBLiir, Boston, aged 7:2 in 
lt'i79. II(!came from Manchesl(.'r, Eng., 
where he was living in 1GJ3. 

Way, RiriiAiii), Lieutenant, Boston, ju- 
ror, 1G80. Henry, Dorchester, IG'it. 

Wedi:, Thomas, came to N. England in 
1G71, in the ship Arabella, Capl. Richard 
Spiague, which sailed from Gravesend 
IVhiy -'7. 

WiiiTTiNCHAM, Richard,* Charlestown, 
IGM; had been in E.ngland in IG'Jl. 

M'li.i.EY, EnwARu,* Boston, juror, IGSG. 

Wii.i. lA MS, Wii.LiAM,* Boston. 1G75, wife, 
Johanna; was pressed to go against the- 
Indians in Philiji's war. and was killed 
at Medlield, leaving "four small chil- 
dren." 

Wii.i.is, Lawuence,* Barnstable, 3r,.H. 

Wi.NsoK, JosiiLA,* Boston, constable, 
IG.sG. 

Wjswat.l, John, Dorchester, witnesses a 
new deed of the town, (S; t : 10 10,) made 
"because y" old deed was sonielluiig. 
decayed with ill keeping.'' 



CAPITAL OFFENCES EN MASSACHUSETTS. 



Thirteen oireiiccs were made capital by the original laws of Mas- 
sachusetts 15ay ; namely, idolatry; Witchcraft; Ulaspltemy ; IMiirder; 
BestiaHty ; Sudomy ; Adultery; llapc ; Man-.steaUn<5 ; False-wilness ; 
Conspiracy, or retiellion against the government ; Cursing or smiting 
the fallier or mother, after passing sixteen years of age, tinlcss with 
justifying provocaticju, or with nnchristianly neglect in education ; 
Filial rebellion, after sixteen years of age. 

To these were ndiled, 1()92, High Treason; Concealing the death 
of a bastard child ; Arson ; Piracy. 



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>' IS 17.] Reasons fur Goicnlog-ical Titvrs/i\'-atio)is. 147 

TiEASONS FOR GENEALOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS. 

[c OMni i.mcaTfi) Foit THE uegistek] 

Porlhips nt no lime sint^e tlic sottleiiicut of onr country, lins ilic pub- 
lic niiiid been j-o ik-eply inlercstcd in ^'cnealogicril research as it is at 
the present. There is no\v perctMVcd tiuioni^ all clnsses, a growing- 
disposition to make incjuirics respcclinii; the past. Tlie National an<l 
State archives are compelled to surrender tlie treasures which lor 
centuries have been locked up in tlieir inii>ty embrace. On every 
side individuals are to be found, who are ransacking the homesteads 
of their fathers, to acquire materials for l)ioLrra[ihy and to settle the 
questions respecting their ancestors which incjuisitivcness sngirests. 

Some of these individuals appear to he urged on by curiosity alone. 
If, through tbeir itKpiiries, they ascertain that they have descended 
from an old ami celebrated family, the discovered fact seems to re- 
pay them for all the toil at the "expense of wliich that fact may 
he brought to light. To establish tlieir claim to descent from some 
noted warrior of the age of chivalry, or iVom some distinguished states- 
man of a later dale, they are willing, not only to spenil lat)orions days 
and sleepless nights, but their purses are open, and their gratitude 
is freely e.xpres.seil, to any one who shall furnish them witli a link to 
perfect the chain whicli may connect them with their supposed an- 
cestors. 

A family pride, either innate or acquired, leads otbcr incjuircrs to 
their task. It is the height of their andiition to be able to trace their 
lineage to the lirst settlers of our country. To have derived tlieir ex- 
istence from the noble band vlio left a home rendered insui)porlable 
by religious persecution, and crossed the stormy Atlantic in the frail 
]\Iayllower, i.s to them a source of the liighest pleasiu'c. In their 
efforts to establish this derivation, fiicts of great importance in the 
local history of onr country have been elicited. These efforts have 
given birth to most of our town histories, whereby materials, invalua- 
ble to onr future historiographers and biograpliers are ]ireserved from 
the ravages of time. These men in consc(]uence of their researches 
become the 7ii/c/ci of associations for historical, genealogical, and bio- 
graphical pursuits, which, here and there, are springing into existence. 
These associations are awakening the mass of the people to a sense 
of the im[)orlance of the olijects tor which they were formed. Many 
young men, naturally enthusiastic in every thing they undertake, liave 
caught the spirit of anticjnarinn research. From them we have much 
to ho[)e. New modes of investigation may be projected, new [)lans 
for arranging and preserving hisu)rical and genealogical discoveries 
may be juoposed, and new deductions from these discoveries may be 
made. Such are some of the advantages wliich may be confidently 
predicted as the result of these labors in the genealogical field. 

Other inquirers are inclined to the study of genealogy from the 
argumcntian ad pcciou'ar/i. The vast amount of property which 
remains in abeyance in the old world, has arrested iheir attention. 
Every announcement of estates wanting heirs stimulates anew their 
investigations; and the presiding genius of the age suggests to them 
the possibility of finding themselves entitled to tliis unclaimed property. 

How important, then, that a genealogical record should exist, where- 



.ti^o'iVj-U. 



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lis 



Reasons for Ccncdlo^ical Livesli'i^alions. 



April, 



in the heirs of families shoiiM liavc a pcrinanent place I How many 
l)ittcr controversies respecting heirship would thereby he prevcnlcJl 
How many frandnlent distributions of property would thus he de- 
feated! How many of those who have been rendered destitute by 
the deec|itions of false claimants, would be restored to their legal 
rights, if such a record had been hitherto properly kept I 

Tiie dis[)ules of heirs relative to the distribution of estates have 
frequently occisioned diliicully in our civil courts. In some cases 
jiroperty has been carried to collateral heirs, because lineal descend- 
ants could not sulTiciently prove their derivation, and in other ca;cs, 
those who would have inherited at law as the representatives of a 
deceased jiarent, are excluded by the intrigues of living co-heirs. 
Frauds, as the reports of our courts attest, liave been ])erpetrated by 
those, who, from a similarity of name, though unrelated, have em- 
boldened themselves to step in and exclude others who were legally 
entitleil to the property, but who were unable to furnish sufficient 
evidence to establish their claim. 

The steamers from England often bring news of the extinguish- 
ment of Eurojican resident heirs to estates m that country; and much 
money has been expended in the research of ancestry, by our own 
citizens, who have imagined themselves to be the true heirs to this 
property. The families, from which the greater number of these es- 
tates descend, are okl families; branches of which came to this coun- 
try prior to the commencement of the eighteenth century, and the 
trans-atlantic branch of the stock has run out. AVhen this is the casa, 
it is of high importance that the American descendants of these fami- 
lies should be able, clearly and conclusively, to prove their derivation. 
In this view, is it not a matter of surprise, that until the present year, 
the |)ublication of a journal which could furnish information of so im- 
portant a character as that which now demands so great a share of 
the public attention, has been delayed ? 

A Register which shall contain " Biographical ^Memoirs, Sketches, 
and Notices of persons who eame to North America, especially to New 
England, before Anno Domini 1700; showing from what places in 
Euro[>e they came, their Families there, and their descendants in this 
country;" which shall give "full and minute Genealogical Memoirs 
and Tables, showing the lineage and descent of Families, from the 
earliest dates to which they can be authentically traced down to the 
present time, with their branches and connections," cannot but be in- 
valuable. If properly conducted, if the severest scrutiny is exercised 
by the writers over the materials wliich come under their notice, in 
the ])reparation of genealogical articles, the Ilegister will become an 
authority in our courts, and will save immense amounts of money 
to the large number of individuals, who are attempting to trace their 
descent from European families. The policy of the law which in- 
vests, first, lineal descendants with intestate estates, and in the absence 
of lineal descendants, carries the estates to collateral heirs, in [(refer- 
ence to an escheat to the Slate, is generally admitted. Were it not so, 
one great incentive to industry would be destroyed. The desire of 
securing their olispring against want, is a prevalent characteristic 
of New England parents. Assiduity and energy in the pursuit of 
wealth, which have overcome so many obstacles in our inhospitable 
climate, have their origin in the desire to advance the interests of pos- 
terity. How desirable, then, in order to carry out these views, docs the 



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Our Ancestors. 



MO 



(iV'iicalogical Register become! Sucli a puhlication afforLls llie only 
jirriimiieiit depobilury for such records as will serve lu insure the cui- 
recl (lislribuliou of the properly oi' ileeeased persons; and nu parent 
wlio wishes the avails of his labors to be Iransmilled to Ins reniule de- 
scendants can fail to ])erceive the utility of such a work, or can decline 
to furnish such information for its cokuniis, as will enable lliuse who 
CJine after liini to i)ruve their descent. 

The frauds continually [iractised by those who assume to be heirs to 
every unclaimed estate, have become a matter of notoriety in Engli>li 
loL^al practice; and though there are many estates now in abeyance iti 
England for want of iliscovereil legal heirs, the bar and the bench m 
England are exceedingly distrustl'ul of the evidence forwarded by 
claimants in this country. No tioubt many of tlicse claimants are sin- 
cere in the belief that they ;ue iriie heirs to iIkjso estates ; but the 
evidence upon which thai belief is founded generally jiroves to be of 
too imsaiisfactory a character to procure a judgment of tlie English 
tribunals in their favor; whereas, h;ul materials been [ireviously col- 
lected and given to the world through the columns of an authoritative 
periodical, the evidence thus furnislied would he almost irresistible to 
any court of law. 

We can ask with confidence the attention of all travellers to this 
journal. Communications relative to the antiquities of the countries 
they may visit ; descri[)tions of monuments which exist, with the in- 
scri[)lions thereon; and such information as they may communicate 
respecting themselves which may be interesting to the families lo 
which they belong: all these will be within the sco'jc of this woik. 
It needs but an anuounccmcnt of these facts, to obtain i'lom those in- 
terested, communications which will not only throw light upon the 
pedigree of families, but will contain many accounts interesting lo 
genealogists, liiographers, and historians, which otherwise would be 
swept into oblivion; and in this department of the periodical, the pub- 
lic will lind amusing, entertaining, and instructive pages. In this view 
of it, the New Kuglatid Historical and Ciencalogical llcgister should 
be extensively palronized ; and we are happy to learn that thus far it 
meets with the decided ap[irobalion of the community. 



OUK ANCESTORS. 



" Our ancestors, lliougli not perfect and infallible in all respects, were 
a religious, brave, and virtuous set of men, whose love of liberty, civil 
and religious, brought them from their native land into the American 
deserts." — Rev. Dr. J^Lujlicws Ekctiun Scn/io)i, 1751. 



'• To let the memory of these men die is injurious to jiostcrity ; by 
depriving them of what might contribute to promote their steaiiiness 
to their principles, under haidships and severities." — Ilcv. Dr. JJ. Cal- 
ami/'s iVe/acc tu his AccuunL of Ijcclcd JIutistc/s. 



7^ 









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N O T E S 



KvKiEn. Thi3 scttli.'inciit of KxiMor commeiicfil in 1(;3S. Tii'.' fouiiJer and 
(u-'l minister of the [)l;ioe was the Rev. Julia Wlw lirn'j:li(, mrntioiicil by Dr. 
Il.'lkuup as •' a geiitleiri.m of learning, piety, anil zeal."' Me raine froiii Lin- 
colii-i.hno, lOnghuul, aiul LuuieJ at Bunion, Ms., ISIav "Jti, n;.'!(i. '' lie and M.iry. 
bn wife, were admitted to the Jiuston ehuieli, on the TJlli of June." A sdth'- 
ttii'iit had been made, as early as Itrij, at Mount Wollaston, afterwards Bi.iin- 
trre, Ms. In 103-1, r)0.-,ton was enlur;.'ed, .so as to ineliide Mount Wollaston. 
Mr. Wheelwright beeame preacher to the people at that |)lare. Tiiese circuin- 
itaiices account for his being mentioned in some publications, as having re- 
moved to New Hampshire Irom Biainliee ; and in others from tlie chuich in 
Boilon. Antinoinian sentiments were im[Hiled to Mr. Whei'lwriglit. lie was 
» brother of the famous Mrs. Ami Hutidiiiison, wiiose Antinomian zeal broii'.'hl 
her into public notice. At a Fast in jioston, in December, l()3t), Mr. Wlieel- 
wriglit [Mcached one of the scimons. It L'ave ollence, as it was judged to 
ri'lluct on ministers and niaL'istrale-^. lie was said to have a^seited, •' that 
ihey walked in such a way of salvation as was no b.'tter than a co\enant of 
works;" and also, that "he o.\;lioriei.l such as were under a cu\iiiant ot ^-lace 
tj combat them, as tlieir greate.-.t enemies •'■ |.V.',j/', .\\v t'mj,., Vu!. I. p. Iso.j 

Mr. Wheelwright was summoned, by the civil couil, ••to i;ive in his an-wer 
evplicilly, whetiier he wouM ai^knowlediie his olicnce, in ])reachini.' his i.ile 
soilitious sermon, or abide the sentence of the court."" His answer was. '• that 
lie hail been guilty of no sedition nor cnntem()t; that he had (lelivere<l nothing 
but the truth of Christ : and. for the apjdication of his doclriue, tliat was niaile 
by otheis, and not by himself, he was not respon-'ibh'."' [Nriil's N. E., I. H)0.| 

Not being inclined to com[)ly with the reipie^t of t!ie court, that lie woidd, 
'•out of a regard to the public peace, leave tin; Colony, of his own accord,"' lie 
was sentenced '• to be di^fianchised, to be banished the jurisdiction, and to be 
liken into custody immediately, unless he should give security to depait bidoio 
the end of March." Appeal not beini: ailmitted, and tlecliniiiL' to i:ive bail, he 
was taken into custody, but released the iie\t dav. on •• declaring himselt will- 
i[ig to submit to a simple banishment." \Nral\s X. I'., I. 191 ] 

.Mr. WheeKviight, havinir purchased lauds of the Indians at Sijuam^cot 
Falls, with a number of his adhereuls began a plantation in H)3'<, which, aci-uvd- 
iiig to agreement made with Mason's aLTi-nl, llu-v calieil Kvcter. ''Il.iving 
obtained a dismission from the church in Bo^tuii, Ihe)/ firmed thcm-ieltts into a 
ciiurch ; and judging ihemstdves without the juii>diction of Massaciiusetts, 
they combined into a se])arate bodv politic," ^e. ( IhUukij), I. 37.] This com- 
bination continued thiee years. The names of tho^e dismiss'Hi from Iju-ton 
were John Wheelwriirht. Idehard Merrys, Kiehard IkiL'ar, Philemon I'urinoiii, 
Isaac 'Josse, Chri.-lopher Maishall, (leorm? J5avte«, Thomas Wardeil, William 
Waidell. \I)r. Ihlknap fyum Hu.'>ton Chk. lUrords.] " When K\eler came 
under the jurisdiotion of Massachusetts, Mr. Wheidwright, being still under 
hcutence of banishment, with those of bis church who were resolved to adhere 
to him, ri-moved into the I'rovince of Maine, and settled at Wells. He was 
sDun after re.^toreil, upon a slight acknowledgment, to the freedom (;f the 
Colony; and in 1047 accepted an invitation from the church in Hampton, and 
ficltled as colleague with Mr. Dalton."" '•After his dismission from IIamj)ton 
church he went to Eni:land, where he was in favor with Cromwell, with whom 
ho had in early lite been associated at the rniveisitv of Camhridu'e in Knir- 
land. After Charles II. came to the throne, Mr. WheelwriLdit returnevl to Ni'w 
Kngland. and took up his residi-nce at Sali~biir\', wlierc^ he died .Xovember If), 
^171), iigfj. jirobably, aliont S.") years."' \l)i>ic'^ Hist. Ai'.dri.s^ at Jfninpldit.] 

Neal, although his sym[)athies were with the opjionents of Wheelwrighf, 
mentions him as being '•afterwards an nseliil mini-ter in tin; town of Hamp- 
ton."' Dr. Cotton Mather, while he juslilies the proceediriLrs of the coiut 
against Mr. Wheelwii^ht, accounts him '' a man that had the root of the matter 
in him." Having quoted at lar^e Mr. Wheelwright's address to the govern- 
ment, Dr. Mather savs, '• Upon this most ingenious acknowI(>dLremenf, hi; was 
restor'.'d unto his former liberty, and interest among the peo[)le of Cmd ; and 



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Cungrci^ational Churches and 



[April, 



lived almost 40 years after, a valupil servant of the rhnrch, in hii generation." 
JveferriiiL; to surne publications of the day, in wliich Mr. Wheehvrit^ht waj 
cliarL'etl with bcin^ licrelical, iJr. Mather said, '• ?/iii i^ooil vum piibhshed a 
vindication of himself, against the wrontis that had been done unto hini." In 
lliis vindication were (jiioted the words ot Mr. Cotton — '' I tlo conceive anti pro- 
fess, lliat our brother Wheehvriglit'.s tloctrine is according to Cod, in the points 
controverted." Mr. Wheelwright also jnoduced " a ileclaiation fiorn t!ie wliolo 
general court of the Colony, signed by the secretary,"' in whicli "they now 
signify, that jMr. \Vheel\vrii.dit hath, for these many years, approved himself a 
.'^uund orthodox, and prolitable nuni.->ter of the go>pel, among the churches of 
Christ."' [Muiinalin, II. 4-13.] 

Dr. Mathei'.s own opinion of Mr. Wheelwright wa.s expressed in a letter to G. 
Vauudian, E.>q., in 17US. " Mr. Wheeiwnglit was alwavs a gentleman of tlie 
most unspotted morals imaginable ; a man of a most unblemished reputation." 
'• His worst enemies never looked on him a.s chargeable with llie least ill 
practices." [Ihlhnnp's Iliog.^ III. 338.] 

The sermon of Mr. Wheelwright which gave offence in ir)3fl, is still pre- 
served in manuscript. The Hon. Jeremiah Smith, late of Eveter, N. H., who 
h id read it, and wiio was fully competent to judge of its legal bearings, said 
that he tounil in it no ground for a charge of sedition. The charge was '■ wholly 
groundless, there was not the ieajt color tor it." [Jttdire Smith's MS.\ 

Mr. Wheelwii^ht was settled over the lirst church in Salisbury, Ms., Dec. 9, 
16(52. [Rev. J. B. Fell.] In 1(>71, at the ordination of Rev. Joshua Moody, at 
Portsmouth, Mr. Whcelwriuhl gave the Kight Hand of Fellowship. One of 
Mr. WheeUvriL'ht's descendants, of the ninth generation, Rev. Ilufus Wheel- 
wright Clark, is now pa>tor of that church in Portsmouth. Mr. Wheelwright's 
last will "names his son Samuel, son-in-law Kdward Kishworth, his I'rand- 
chililren Edward Lyile, Mary White, .Mary Maverick, and William. Thomas, 
and Jacob Ikadbuiy."" [Fanner's (iciind. A'cg.J Thomas \Viieehvriylit of 
Wells, was also a son of Kev. John AVheelwright. For an interesting aciount, 
containing other \Avi<, respecting Mr. Wheelwright, see " Collectanea" by 
Hon. J. Kelly, in Eveter Nmvs Letter, May 21, 1«IJ. 

Two of the descendants of the Hev. ]\Ir. Wheelwright, of the seventh genera- 
tion, are now living in Newburyporf. Abraham Wheelwright, Es(]., and Ebene- 
zer Wheelwright, Es(i., both merchants. The lirst is the oldest man in the 
place who is still able to walk abroad, having attained to the age of DO years. 
He was u soldier in the Revolutionary war, and was distinguished for patriotism 
and bravery. He was in the lield with Washington in most of his actions, and 
was several times taken prisoaer by the British, I'ul always ellected his escape. 

"The lirst church formed in Eveter became extinct a few years aflei its for- 
mation." [Dow's Hist. Address : Fanner tS- Moo)c.\ ''An attempt was made 
by the remaining iidiabitants of E.veter to form themselves into a church, and 
settle Mr. Balchelder, who hud been minister at Hampton." 'i'his the geneial 
court prohibited, on account of their divisions; and directed them to " defer 
gathering a church, or any other such proceeding, till they, or the court of 
Ipswich, upon further satisfaction of their reconciliation and fitness, should 
give allowance therefor.'" [Bclknaji's Biog., I. 58.] 

'I'he Ilcv. Samuel Dudley was the second minister in E.veter. It does not 
appear that there was any formal church organization there, durini: his minis- 
try. In some circumstances, a minister labored with a people several years, 
before a church was formally oriranized. Rev. Joshua I\looiiy was ten or 
twelve years in the ministry at Portsmouth, before a church was gathered in 
that place. 

Mr. Dudley wa."? son of Gov. Thomas Dudley, who came to New England in 
IfioO, and of whom Farmer speaks, as "a man of approved wisdom and godli- 
ness." Gov. Dudley was, however, among the most zealous of lliose who 
ellected the banishment of ^Vheelwright. Cotton Mather says, * His orthodo.v 
])iety had no little inlluence unto the tleliverance of the conntrv, from the con- 
tagion of thefamalistical errors, which had like to have overturned all." Ll/d"--, 
1.^22.] ^' 

A sliort passage from Farmer should be introduced here, not merely as relat- 






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1^17.] Jli/iislcrs ill Iluckiug-ham Count ij. 153 

ir.^j to tlio persecution, whicli Ic-d to the sottlemont of KvKor, by Wl.eehvri.'lit 

1' ( . Ml. d to b,. li.M.vsy \s.ll. an l.ori.^.t zeal, wluch, in the.e ilavs of universal 

ol rat,, n, .s sometmK-s n..,.rr.M to. as a blot upon ins fame. But he • .n id 

au u,l,c,ous,who are aequaintecl \vith the history of the J>uritan an , le 

c mnstances under which 'theycan.e into a eorner of the n..u u\ ]\ d 

thereto be uml.sturbc-d in the exeieise of their uorship,' will never be lund 
censurm^^ and ra. !,n^^ at their errors. Thev will rathe wonder at the wid.n 
il 5i:Sd b. n "'""^'"^1 "r^'^""^^ ofprinciph, and self-sa:cn!!an^ li^" 

j5ei;*^:l;fr-TS' i;--\-r- - ;■ E::r °^s' -trsx 

10.0 a.ui d.ed there .n IGS;^ a...d 77. lu I.;:,ii ,h,. nd>abitau,> of I' n mu u 
voted "to give an invitation to Mr. Samuel Dudlev.son of Thomas hlk'v 
he Deputy ( overnor of Massachusetts, to be th.u minister, an to ' v li a': 
s lary of ei^rhty pounds a year."' lie accepfn! the proposition, aucri'ne • to 
visit them the next .spnn-; but it does not appear that he ever cuiie " \l,n„ 
Annah oj Porls.n.utL] M,-, Dudiey-s tir.t'life was ^hi ;, i^u " uer of " V 

Si .fin V n H t'''"'^'i'""; "^ "" "^"'^' "'' ^"'"--^y-- '''^'■•'^ ^^-' munerous 

Cdlev \\e .r '^"''^ "l'-''',^ elsewhere, ,vho trace their descent from Mr. 
midley ol Kxeter Amon- his descendants were the wife of Gen Ilcnrv Drar- 
bom; the wife of Rev. Julm Moody ; the wife of John Burgin : the ' vifJlt Co v 
Jamcs bulhvan; the grandmother of Tobias Lear, \Vashm'ton-s sec e arv and 

tA^^T'vl ^r Sf "='r'- ^^^ ^ ''^"^ ''^^ «^ de.ce;id;;;:Vf ,s- srl 

ud Uu,M,7, SCO l-.\,..l(T Ncu-s Leller, Auj. 31, 1S^C 
llie An-. Johd Claik was llie I/i.n; miirisler iji Kvetcr 
A churd,, Mjucli corilinuos iin.lcr Ihe su-lo of lli„ Fir<i Cl.iirch in Kv.-ip, 

Sj^ibne,, M„. Kli.;..,,, CU,t? M^: ElSjial^af \v^7c ir' S, ';:■ 
Ms. riiipiM- Mr.5. n,-borali ColMi,, Cuujwif,. n.'an Mrs .M ,,v i: In,.,, m' ' 

»aiiT;l;o;:^i"^r w„ ^,' ;t•^L^;^^■ ,„ itzsi it::: ;;:; 
i^:.o'l°'i;;,l'rsla,e'l,;'fee;:!r'' "'"""""■' "^■"">' ''"'f "'« '■""■"". -'■" ™' --"i 

Tl|0 moal ancionl yol.mie ,-.(lanl ,if tl„. „.,■„,■,!, of ,l,e ,„,.s,.„l " F,r,.i Cl.uivl, 

fpS;iri';'cVuS:i;.'K;r^" "'"-- - '"'^ """ "' "--^"'^- - ^""•"■■-^ 

'-After coufernn- to-ether, and bein- mwtuallv satisfied in eacli other we 

tlZr^l'Tl'nn i '^'''V'^- "'^ '^""'^ ^''■■"- covenant." I'chw: ^ 1 
Tif ; '' M'"'"' ':'-^'"'^'"""- And havimr .sent for the Uev M,- J 

W:^m'VV:'^'*"''''^^'^V''1\''"^'^'''''"'''''^ ^''■- Woodbrid.e. Mr. I' k.'. Mr 

kolfe Mr. Cotton .nd Mr. Toppan, who accordne^dy came ; and .,n I , Uv ... 

Ku Mr ffie'n'^' '""^ )''■ "^|'^' .^^ '-"'-I^a' I>ike, and Cotton hud 1 

: r;, -^^; ^'"^^ PniyiMi; before the imposition of hands : Mr. Woodbiid-e 

yase tiie charge ; Mr. Cotton j,Mve the ri.dit hand of fellowship ; and ' 

b> he elders and messengers, of the several churches, au-Jd „. n 



we were. 



r, , — ;•;: <'"^' '"<-->cM-ers, oi ine several clmrches, oicncd a, ,, (•l,<'nh „i 
(/!''"i"";l^;^'^" ?^^ ^'V^'^'^'^^l '^ ^^ - '"i'-ter of ChH.t Jesus ^ xl/^.b^ 

He hail recent] V marri.'d lli 



A T 'i I , - ; "^ ueciarea to Ue a minister of Ciiri>t Jesi,. 

Mr John Hal.., ot Beverly, was the preacher. He' had recent v muiied ih. 

widowed mother ol Mr. Clark. Tie oiher ,„;„;.,..,. ,.. ..■."■'" ^' "" 



■■i \. i-' 



\i-'{ 



1-54 



Cuiii^rcisatlunal Churchts and 



; April, 



wlio preached at Kiltery in HiN"*, and, as early as li3ii"J, in Mcdfurd ; John 
Pike ui Dover; JJeiiJamia liulle ot llavmhill, Ms., who was killed by the In« 
diaiis; John Cultuii ul' ilaiiipton ; and Chn.>topiier Topiian of Newbury. 'Hn 
iallier ol Kev. John Claik ol Kxeler was iNalhaaiel Clark, a merchant of Now* ^ 
bury, and one of the early selilers of that town, who married, Nov. 25, 1663, -; 
Klisabclh Soineiby, dauLjhler of Henry Someiby, one of the grantees of New* . 
bury. Nathaniel Clark was in the expedition to Canada in KJ'JH, and died thore, ;. 
Aui,'. 25, aiied -liJ, having' been woundeil on board llie ship '• Si.v Friends."' Hit • 
widow, KliVabelh Clark^ marrieil Kev. John Hale of Beverly, Aug. 8, 1098. Mr. 
Hale was chaplain in the expedition in which .\alhaniel Clark was morluUy 
wounded. A piuticulur account of .Mr. Hale does not belong to this article. Of 
liis view.', and inlluence in the allairs of the •' Salem Witchcraft" see Amer. Quar. 
]leg. Vol. X. pp. -rlT, 2 18. In that account there is, however, doubtless a mistake ,; 
as to the original name of the widow of Nathaniel Clark. See also Magnalia, II. 
4()S, and Collin's Newbiuy, p. 2ys. Kev. Mr. Clark of Kxeterwas born at New. 
burv, June -24, IGTO. gr. 11. C. Ul'Jtt, and oidained at Kxeler, Sept. 21, HM; 
'• married Elisabeth Woodbriduc, a daughter of the Kev. Benjamin Woodbridgo. 
already mentioned, and granddaughter nf Kev. John Woodbridge, lirsl nunialerol 
Andover, and also of Kev. John Wartl, lirst minister ot Haverhill, June 19, 
lil'Jl, — Kev. John Clark died July 2o, ITUj,"' aged 35. His cliildren were 
Benjamin, Naihaniel, Deborah, and Ward, who was the lir^t minister of 
Kmuston. The mother of Klisabeth Woodbrulge was ^hiry. dauL'hler of John 
Ward. ' " "^ . 

The WoodbridL'e familv has furnished a number of ministers distinguished for 
talents, learniuLr. pietv, and an excellent >i>irit. Were the notices of them cob 
lecled, which are .-cattered in variuu-- publications, they would form an interest- 
imr memoir. 

ii!c. John OilHii. the fourth mini-ter of flxcter, and the second minister of the 
pre<eiit Fiist ClniiLh. wa> <on of Eli-ha, and grandson of John Udlin, one of ihe 
liist settlers of Boston. Kev. John Udlin was born in P.oston, Nov. IS, 1081, 
gr. H. C. 1702, ordained at Exeter, Nov. 11. ITutl. He married, Oct. 21, 17u9, Mrs. 
Elisabeth Wooitbiidire Clark, widow of his piedeccssor. Mr. Odlin was 
oni; of the proprietors of Gilinanlon. His son, Capt. John Odlin, was one of 
the settlers of that town. Another of his sons, Dudley, was a physician. 
Elisha gr. H. C. 1731, and settled in the ministry in Amesbury ; Woodbridge 
was his father's colleaL:ue and successor in Exeter. .Mrs. Odlin, wile of Rev. 
John (Jdlin, d. Dec. ii~ 1129. His second marriage was Oct. '22, 1730, with 
Eli.^.ibeth Briscoe, widow of Robert Briscoe, and formerly wife of f.ieut. James 
Dudley, and daughter of Samuel Leavitt. Mr. Odlin d. Nov. 20, 1754, aged 
about 73, nearly eleven years after his son became his colleague. [Farmer^s 
lilt:.: Lancablii'i, lulnuuuun ; Eater Chunk Cut-.] In 1743, May IM. the church 
'■voted to concur with the vote of tin- touii in choosing Mr. Woodbridge Odlin 
to settle as a cullea:.;ue with his hnu'd lather the Kev. John Odlin."' During 
the same month '• there were a number of the church separated trom their com- 
munion." The circumstances will be noticed in the account of the lormation 
of another church. 

ii't'i'. U'uodl/i-uhj:c Oillia was ordiiined colleague pastor Sept. 2S, 1743. The 
'exercises were, Biayer by Kev. Wm. Allen of Greenland ; Sermon by Kev. Mr. 
Odlin from Col. i : 2S ; Charge by Kev. Caleb dishing of Salisbury ; Kiulit Hand 
by Kev. Mr. Rust of Strathairi ; ami Prayer by Kev. Joseph Adams ot Newiiig- 
ton. liev. W. Odlin was born at lOxeter, Apiil 28, 171S: gr. H. C. 173S, m. 
Oct. 23, 1755, Mrs. Abigail Strong, widow of Kev. Job Strung of Portsmouth, 
and daughter of Col. Peter (iilman. .Mr. W. Odlin d. March l(t, 177(i, aged 
57. His children were Dudley, Woodbridi.'e, I'l'ler, Eli-abetli, Abigail, who 
was the lirsl wife of Hon. Nathaniid Oilman of Exeter, John, Mary Ann, who 
was wife of Thomas Siiekney of Concord, and Charlotte, wife of Jeremiah 
Stickney of Dover." [Lnuiuutcr's Gdmnntun; K.ntcr Church Jit '-urd-.] Rev. 
^V. Odlin, during his ministry of mure than thirty-two years, bapii/ed 1,276, and 
admitted 3t) persons to the church. \Chh. liccorih.] Tiie " Half-way covenant," 
as it uas often called, was then in use, and this accounts for the great dispro- 
pmlioii between the admissions to full communion and the baptisms. '' It 



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lo on both pans - but tl.ot^ u .1 '' •■ Uvle^l" ""'r ^^"l--'-" '^''- 
ilutv and ove to tc<lif\- th.> sp„ Z. ,1 \^^' r \ '"irselves constrained by 

q'.a!iiications wi ^ idM^ h^tumi T /''^/■'^;'^^'^^'"'"'^'^'■'^• ^'^'^ -^^ 
been well approved not on v anio . i ^ ^ ''' ,^^-''"-^"^''''. -'^n'! ^vhich have 




ministerJl-lS^counoiTwir^'^T'"" 1' 'ook" place DecSrj.o^ 'Th^ 

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Wi.Klsor/ct.; where li 'on .;! i"!;! ^ 'i""""'''' Ct, and afterwards at 
ITJi). Dnrin- ^Ir I'm I l'. -^ Rowland, was or.huned his successor in 

•1- churcl^ancl ii^b X-"'n^ >^o'V""?"' 'l""/^"^^ ^-^ -'"--- " 
able as a n'reachcr, and'Sf.ed h. p'a,^;."^"^"'^^ ^""' '^'^^"•^' "•- -^^- -^^P-'t" 






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156 



Coni^rcii(i(iou(i! C/iurrlics ami Minislcr. 



April, M 



Rev. Mr. Win.slo.v, ihcnof Dover, now nf Bo-tun. Mr. Sinitli's '-relation to the j> 
people of Ills chari^'o in E.veter, contiinu'd nearly nine year.^ with nuitual 
hurniony and alleetion and with mueh advanla^'e to the cause of relii,'ion." 
[Rc:,ultof Council.] At his own recpiest, lie was di.-iinissed Feb. 11, 18!iH, and 
accepted an ap])ointinent Iroin the Aincr. Tract Society, to .superintend their 
operations in iS'ew Jersey, and in Southern i\ew York and vicinity, lie wai 
afterwards installed in Wdtuii, Ct. Daring xMr. Smith's initiistry in Exeter, 
the number of ailniissions to the church was 170. and the number of baptism* 
1.3'J. The number of church members reportcit to the (Jeneral Association ia 
1K3G, was '22(). Of the children of the Uev. John and Mrs. Esther Smith, there 
were baptized at Exeter, James Dickinson, Jan. 7, l^■i(( : Esther Mary, June 9,- 
1S33 ; a second E-^ther iMary, Ort. f), ISUO ; and Walter Mitchell, June 4, 1837. 

licr. WiUkiui ]t'illi(nns was born in Wetherslit-ld, Ct., Oct. '2, 1797, grad. 
Y. C, 1811) ; studied theoloL'-y at Andov. Sem., and with Pres. Timothy Dwifjlit. ^j 
Settled in Salejn over the Branch, .-lincc llie Howard St. Church, July 5, 1H'21 j f? 
dismissed Feb. 17. 1832; settled over tlie Crdinbie St. Church, which had sep* 
araled from the Howard St. Nov. 22, 1832. [Jnicr. (^imr. Ilcp., \o\. VII., p. 2(11).) 
He was installed at E.xeter, May 31, ls38. Exerci-es on the occasion : I'rayer 
by Rev. S. T. Abbott of Seabrook ; Sermon by Rev. Milton P. Braminof Dan» '. 
vers ; Prayer by Rev. S. \V. Clark of Greenland ; Charge by Ib'V. J. French : 
of North Hampton; liiudit Hand, Rev. J. Hnrd of Exeter: Address by Kev. ; 
Edwin Holt of P(iit>inouth ; l*iayer by Rev. Mr. Gunnison of Brentwood. Mr. 
Williams resiinied his ministry, Oct. 1, 1842, on account of the stale of his 
lieallh. taken in connection with existiui,' diliiculties. Mr. Wdliams leturned 
to Salem, iNIs., where he engaired in the study, and has been since in the prac- 
tice of medicine. The number of members of ^Ir. Williams's church, as re* 
ported in 1841, wa.s 217. 

licv. Joy lliimlct Fuiri-liihl was born in Guilford. Ct.. Ajiril 24, 1780, and was 
the youngest of sixteen children. His father was Lewis Faiichild. His 
mother before marriaize was Mehetabel Waterhouse of Sa\ brook, Ct. Rev. Mr, 
Faircluld grad. Y. C. 181 3, studied theolo^-y with Dr. Ely of "Monson. Ms., and set- 
tled in the ministry in East Hartford, Ct., June, 18Ui ; in South Boston, Phil- 
lips Church, Nov., 1827. He was installed in J''.\eter, Sept. 2U, 1843. Exercises 
on the occasion were: lleading of the Scriptures, Rev. S. \V. Clark of Grecidaiid; 
Prayer, Rev. R. W. Clark, Portsmouth: Si-rmon, ]{ev. N. Adams, lioston ) 
Prayer, Rev. J. French ; Charge, Rev. Dr. Codman ; Right Ihind, liev. Mr. Hurd ; 
Address, Rev. H. Winslow of 15oslon ; Prayer, liev. E. D. EldrcdLre of Hump, 
ton. ]\Ir. Fairchild resigned his oliice June 18, 1844. His reasons are thus 
assigned in his h'tler Ui the church. '• I am accused of a crime xvhich I never 
committed, l)ut xvhich it is not in my power to disprove. I do not wish to 
j)reacli the gosptd any longer than I can be U'^eful. And as my u.-efuhicss 
must now be ended, I hereby resii:n mv oliice as Pastor of this church."' His 
pastoral relation was formally dissolved bv a Council, called at his own request, 
July 30, 1844. Tlie doinirs of the ecclesiastical and civil tribunals in his case 
are in the hantls of the public. At'ter removing from Exeter he xvas installed 
over the Payson Ciiurcli. South Boston, Nov. 1!». 1845. 

Mr. Fairchild m. 1st, Cynthia \Vaterhouse of Saybrook, Ct., Oct., 1814. Their 
children are Harriet Klisabeth. b. Sept. 2, 1815, m. Anthony Ten Eyck, Esq., 
of Detroit, Mich., U. S. Commissioner at the Sandwich ]>lands, where she d. 
Nov. 5, 184(i; Lucius Hamlet, b. Jan. 2(i, 181'."t. Mr. Fairchild m. 2nd, Mary 
Ikatlford, daughter of William Bradford, I'.-q., of Philadel)ihia. July 18. 1825. 
Their children are William 15radford. b. Nov. 2, 1828 ; Thomas Robbins, b. 
April !), 1834, d. May 2, 1835; Fiorina Tomlin, b. March 13, 1838; Mary Joy, 
b. May 25, 1843, d. July 10, 1843 ; Harriet Ten Eyck, b. Dec. 2<J, l.s4ii. 

Rev. liosivcU DicKj^ht Ilitchcuck, the jire^ent pa-tor, xvas born in East ^hichias, 
Me., AuL^ 15, 1817, gr. A .C. 183(1, Tutor from 1S39 to 1842, tlieological educa- 
tioi\ at Andov. Sem., before and after Ids tutorship ; stated supply at Waterville, 
JNle., one year ; ord. at Exeter Nov. 1!>, 18 15. Evi'rcises on the occasion were, 
Reading the Scriptures, ]{ev. J. AV. Newman of Slr:itham ; Prayer, ]{ev. Homer 
Barrcwsot Dover ; Sermon, Picv. Oiin Fowler of Fall River ; Ordaining Prayer, 
]iev. J. Hurd; Charge, liev. 0. Fowler; Jviirht Hand, Rev. 15. R. Allen of 



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1817.1 



Proprietors of Ncio Jlavcn^ Cl. 



157 



South Berwick, ]\Ie. ; AiUlross, Rev. S. S. N. Gieely of Xcwmarket ; Prayer, 
Kfv. Jaint?s T. .McCollorn, SumL'rsworlh. The fiither of Mr. llilchcock, whose 
naino was also Roswi-ll, was lioni in Hawloy, Ms. ; hia father reiiioveJ t'rorn 
Sj)rin^lield, I\Is. His mothers .surname was, before inarriaLre, LoiiLrfellow. 
Slu! w;i.s of Maehias. Mr. Hilciicock m. Elisabeth Anthony Braytoii, her 
muther being of the Anthony family, which was ancient in Bri.stol Co., Ms. 

(Tu Lie cujiiiiiucJ.) 



THE NAMES OF THE I'lM )I'UlETnRS OF NEW HAVEN, CT., IN THE 

VE.Mv IDS). 

|Tliis artii-1.: I\iis ln-cii kin.lK- rnnii-hci! u- \>\ Charles William Bradley, l-^sii-, llic present 
Secretary ol' the Stale o{ Couueeiieut J 



James Bisliop, Estir. 
William Jones, Ksijr. 
Major John N.vsh, 
]\lr. James Pierpont, 
Serjt. John Ailing, 
Mr. .Tames Ailing, 
Phillip Alcock, 
Jolin Alliiii,' .^onr. 
Samuoll Alliii:,', 
Joseph Alsiip, Senr. 
Joseph Alsup,* Jiitiior, 
Serjt Nathan Aiiilrews, 
David Atwater, Sear. 
David AluMler, Juiir. 
•John Atwater, 
JoiuUlian Atwater, 
Rohert Auicar, 
Nathan Andrews, Jinir. 
John Austin, 
John Ball, 
Hannah liail, 
John Barnes, 
Thomas liarnes, 
Daniell Barnes, 
John Bassett, 
Samiu'U Bassett, 
Isaac Beechcr, Senr. 
Isaac iieeeher, Junr. 
John Beecher, 
Eleazar Beecher, 
John Benhani, Senr. 
John B(Miham, Junr. 
John Bishop, 
John Blackly, 
Samuel! JUackly, 
Ehenezer Blackly, 
Benjamin IJouden, 
Nathanael Boykin, 
AVilliatn Bradly, 
Joseph Bradly, 
Abraham Bradly, 
Isaac Bradly, 
Benjamin Ikadly, 



Ilenrv Bri-toll, 
John'Brockett, 
.Tolm Brockett, Junr. 
John Brooks, 
Henry Brooks, 
Elea/.er Brown, 
.Samuell Broun, 
Ebenezer Brown, 
Benjamin Bunnill, 
.Samuell Burwell, 
Zacheus C.mde, 
"William Chatterton, 
John Chid-;ey, 
James Clark, 
John Clark, 
Samuell Clark, 
^Villiatn Collins, 
John Cooper, Senr. 
.lohn Cooper, Junr. 

.Mrs. Coster, 

Mr. Jolin I)aven[)orts, heirs, 

.Mr. James Dixwell, 

.hilin Davids, or Dixwell, 

Robeil Dauson, 

James Denison, 

Ll. Abr.ibam Dickerman, 

Edmund Dorman, 

.John J)owns, 

Nicliolas I'lsey, 

Synion Enears, 

Samuell Ferns, 

Benjamin Eenns, heirs, 

Samuell Foni, 

iMathew Eord, 

Mark Fowler, 

John Fiost, 

I\Ir. (libherts, heirs, 

Timothy (I'lbberts, lu-irs, 
John (iibl.s, 
llcMiry (ubhons, 
\\'i!liam (ribbons, 
Matliew (.'ilbert's, heirs, 
.Mathew (iilbert, 



Henry Glover. 
Mr. John Goodyear, 
John Hancock, 
Mr. John Harriman, 
James Heaton, 
Nathanael Heaton, 
Samuel llemimjway, 
.Mrs. Hope Herbert, 
Eliakim Hitchcock. 
Nathanael Hitchcock, 
Richard Hingambottom, 
John Hill, 
Ehene/er Hill, 
Mr. Jt)hn Hodson, 
John Holt, 
Eleazar Holt, 
Samuel! Hotchkis, 
Jolm Hotchkis, 
Joshua Hotchkis, . 
Thomas Hotclikis, 
Daniell Ihilchkis, 
Jerremiah How, 
I I'.pliraim. How's, heirs, 
J.-rremiah Hull, 
Samuell Humerston, 
Jolm Humerston, 
Thomas Hunn.'rston, 
Bart hol(u new Jacobs, 
Thomas Jolinson, 
John Jolmson, Si-nr. 
John Johnson, Junr. 
William Johnson, 
Samuell Johnson, 
Nathanael Jones. 
Joseph Ives, 
Edward Kecly, 
Nathanael Kmil>crly, 
Thomas Kinib 'rly, 
Jonatlian Lamson, 
'I'homas T.eck, 
Richard Little, 
Ralph I.oine^, Senr. 
Samuell Loines, 



* The )>rescnl ortlioi,'r.ipliv of such luinie^ as have iiialiTiallv chaiiL-eil llieir lornis is here 
piven: Al-up for Alsup; Blake.Mee or Blakelev, I'-laekly; ]5r.ulley, Bradly; ]5ri>lol, 
Bri.stoll ; Braekett, Biuekcll ; Buiinel, liuiimll; Ciiiidee. Cande; Daw>oii. lian-ou: (iil- 
bert, C.il)berls ; l^almi, Heaton; J ii-'-ins ', coiitraeiDii ol" Hi--'inl».tloni, Ilin-niiiliolloin ; 
HutelikiN.s Holehki- ; Huni.i^n.ii, Hmii.r-n'ii ; Lines and Lvnde, L.nnes; Mallnry. M il- 
li'rv ; iMer.iniiu, .Marnni.ui ; .Morse, .M,.s> ; iM,.hlii-.ip, .Muliiup ; Moii-.m, Mim.-on : (K|,.mii, 
(>-'liuuni ; Payne, I'.iin-; Piinder.-on, l\.iider-on ■. I'rindle, I'lin-le ; ThoinpMMi 'riunnson ; 
'I'unier, l.irnor ; L!iiiberlield ', I'niphers ile ; Woodin, W.uiJeii 



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Projirlctors of New Haven, Cl. 



April, . 



Ralph Loines, Junr. 

Jos(?pli Loines, 

Bunjaiuiu Louies, 

Thomas Liuldini^ton, 

John Liulilin-.'lon, 

William Liuldiii;,'Ion, 

reter -MallLTy, Senr. 

Peter .MalU-ry, Junr. 

Thomas Mallery, 

Daniell Mallery, 

John Mallery, 

Joseph MansfieKl, 

Capt. Moses MansficU, 

Lt. Nathaniel Marriiuan, 

Ellis Mew's, heirs, 

Ens : John Miles, 

Thomas Mix, 

John >'.ix, 

Nathanael Mix, 

Daniell Mix, 

Caleb Mix, 

John Morris, 

Eleazcr Morris, 

Joseph Morris, 

I^Ir. John Moss, 

Joseph Moss, 

IMercy IMoss. 's heirs, 

IMathew ?.Iultrop, 

Ens: Sairniell Munson, 

Richard Newman, 

John Newman, 

Mr. Jerr : Oshourn"s, heirs, 

Mrs. Mary O^bourn, 

Mr. Jerr: (Jsborn,. Junr. 

JMr. John Prout, 

William Pain's, heirs, 

John Pain, 

George Pardee, Senr. 

Geor^'e l\u(lee, Junr. 

]\Ir. William Peck, 

Joseph Peck, 



Benjamin Peck, 
F-dward Perkins, 
J.ihn Perkins, 
Jonathan Perkins, 
David I'erkins, 
John Perrv, 
Thomas Pimore, 
John Pondeison, 
John Potter. 
Nathanael Potter, 
l^ilward Preston, 
Joseph Preston, 
AViMiam Prini,'le, 
Jo-ii'jih Pringle, 
Ely Uobberls, 
\Villiam Rohherts, 
Mr. Rich'' Rosewell, 
Jolm Roe, 
John Sacket's heirs, 
John Sacket, Junr. 
Thomas Sandford, 
Ens : J)an' Shernion, 
'Pliomas Smith, 
John .Siriith, 
Samuell Smith, 
Joseph Smith, 
Ebenezer Smith, 
Nathan Smith, 
Richard Sperry, Senr. 
John Spi iry, 
Richard S|ierry, Junr. 
Nathanael S[)erry, 
Thomas Sperry, 
John Steevens, 
Henry .Steevens, 
Robert Talmaj^e's heirs, 
Serj' Thos. Talma;^e, 
Enos Talmaii:e, 
John Talmaire, 
James Taylor, 
William Thorps, heirs, 



Nathanael Thorp, 
John Thomson's heirs, 
John Thomson, marriner, 
Jolm 'l"h<jmson, farmer, 
John 'J'homson, Junr. 
Mr. William Thomaon, 
John Thomas, 
Daniell 'I'homas, 
^-amuell Thomas, 
Joseph Tliomas, 
John Thomas, Junr. 
Christopher Todd, 
John 'J'odd, 
Samuell 'J'odd, 
Mr. 'I'liomas Trowbridge, 
John 'l"iowbiidi;e, 
iMr. AViUiam 'Prowbridge. 
\\'illiam 'I'rowhridi^e, Junr. 
'J'homas Trowbridg, Juur. 
James Trowbridge, 
Isaac Turnor, 
Thomas 'Putlle, 
Jonathan TutUe, 
.loseph 'Puttie, 
David Tultle, 
Nathanael Tultle, 
John Tuttle, 
Samuell 'Puttie, 
John Uriiphervile, 
John 'Watson, 
Samuell Whitehead, 
William Wilmott, , 

Seij' John Winston, 
John ^Virlston, Junr. 
AVilliam ^\'ooden's heirs, 
Jeriemiah ^\'ooJen, 
John Woolcott, 
Mr. John Yale, 
Mr. Nathanael Yale, 
The 'Prustees of the 1 
School Estate. ) 



'Jf 



This List of names Compared with the List of 1(jS5, and is a true Coppy, attested 
by uss. 

NATir.\N ANDREWS, ] ^j^t mm 
WILLIAM THOMSON, \ , ,. 'r 
JONATHAN ATWATER.J °f ^'"^ ^^'"'"*- 

This List of the Proprietors of the Lands in the Township of Newhaven, was Ex- 
hibited in tlie Geiierall Assembly on the 'Pwentieth day of October, in the third year of 
her i\Iajesties rei;^ne, Annocp Dom : 1701, at the Same time when a release of all the 
Lands in said 'Povvnship to the said proprietors was read and apjiroved and ordered to 
be sii^ned in the name of the Gouernor and Company of her M.ijeslies Colony of Con- 
necticutt. Test. ELEAZER Kl.MBERLY, Aery. 

The ahoue written, with what is Contained in the two next aforei;oing pai;es, relating 
thereunto, is a true Coppie of the Oiigenall, being therewith Exannn'd and Compared, 
and here recorded, May -Milh, 17(j7. Pr me ELEAZER K1MBJ:RLV, S^n-y. 

[The forefrolng is recorded in the Connecticut '" Colony Records of Deeds," Vol. IIL 
fol. 3'J7 — 3'jy.J 

^ ,., SlATE OK Co.NNECriCl^T, SS., ) 

' ' Oiiui. of Secukt-mu' of Sr.\.TE. ) 

I hereby certify, that the foregoins; is a true copy of record in this Ollice. 
/ —■ — > In testimony whereof, I Ikhc hereunto set my hand and allixed the Seal 

j L. s. I of said State, at Hartford, this sixth day of March, A. D. 18-17, and in the 
^ — .~ ' 71st year of the Independence of the I'niled States of America. 



CHARLES WM. BRADLEY, 



Secretary of Slatt. 



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1847.] Memoir of Enoch Parsons, Esq. 159 



MEMOIR OF ENOCH PARSONS, ESQ., OF HARTFORD, CT. 

The name of Parsons is found among ihe earliest emigrants 
to New England, and it designated a family of high respeetuhility 
in the parent country. As early as 1481, John Parsons was Mayor 
of Hereford in the county of Herefordshire, and Sir Thomas Par- 
sons of Great Milton, from one branch of the family, received the 
honor of knighthood from Charles I., about the year 1634, and his 
descendants are still found at Great Millon and in the city of Lon- 
don. The Coal of Arms granted to Sir Thomas is thus described : 
" He beareth gules, two chevrons ermine, between three eagles dis- 
played, or;" Crest: "an eagle's leg erased at the thigh, or, standing 
on a leopard's head, gules." 

These armorial bearings are retained in the Parsons Family in 
the United States, and by the descendants of Sir Thomas in Lon- 
don, among whom were Sir John and Sir Humphrey Parsons, the 
former Lord Mayor of London in 1704, and the latter in 1731 and 
1740 ; also by the branch of the family that settled in Barbadoes, 
of which Rev. John Parsons, IM. A., of Beybroolc House in the 
county of Gloucester, Vicar of Marden, county of Wilts, is a de- 
scendant, being the son of Daniel Parsons, M. D., of Barbadoes. 

Enoch Parsons, Esq., of Hartford, Ct., the particular subject of 
this memoir, was born at Lyme, Ct., Nov. 5, 1769. He was the 
third son of Samuel Holden Parsons, an Aid to General Washing- 
ton, a Major-General in the Revolutionary army, and subsequently, 
Chief-Justice* of the North Western Territory. Mr. Parsons was 
also grandson of the Rev. Jonathan Parsons, a distinguished cler- 
gyman first of Lyme, Ct., and secondly of Newburyport, Ms. His 
mother, who was a daughter of Richard IMalherof Lyme, was lin- 
eally descended from the Rev. Richard Mather, the first clergyman of 
Dorchester, Ms., ancestor of the Rev. Messrs. Increase and Cotton 
Mather of Boston. His grandmother was sister to the Hon. Mat- 
thew Griswold of Lyme, formerly Governor of the State, and was 
lineally descended from Henry Wolcolt, 1st, of Windsor, the pro- 
genitor of all who bear that name in Connecticut.^ 

Mr. Parsons was distinguished in youth for mental vigor and 
accurate discrimination, and for his devotedness to the more abstruse 
and severe sciences, particularly the mathematics. This laid the 
foundation of his future eminence as a financier. He did not receive 
a collegiate education, but his academical course pursued at the 
Institutions at Pomfret and Plainfield, was extensive and thorough. 
His favorite studies naturally inclined him to commercial pursuits ; 
and to qualify himself for these, he engaged in the year l7S5 and 
1786, in the service of Messrs. Broome and Piatt, who, at that time, 
owned a great commercial house in New Haven, where he acquired 
a complete mercantile education. His proliciency and accuracy as 

* A more extended g^enealogical account of the Parsons Family may be expected in some 
future No. of the Register. 



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160 Memoir of [April, 

an accountant soon bronglit him into notice, and in the year 1787 he 
was employed by the late Gov. Oliver Wolcolf, Jun., who was at 
that time State Auditor of accounts, to arrange and prepare for 
adjustment the Revolutionary claims of Connecticut upon the United 
States. This was an arduous task for a young man, requiring great 
metiiodical accuracy and precision, and it was performed with abil- 
ity and acceptance. 

But Mr. Parsons was not confined to his favorite pursuits ; he had 
a thirst for knowledge generally, and improved every opportunity 
for research in the various dejjartments of science and the arts with 
a proportionate zeal and accuracy. Evidences of this are furnished 
in a Journal=^ which he, at the age of only nineteen, kept wliile on 
a tour to the North Western Territory during the spring and sum- 
mer of 17S8, in company with his father, who was about that time 
appointed by President Washington Chief-Judge in and over the 
Territory, which included the States of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, and 
Michigan. The geology of the country, the customs, manners, and 
language of the native sons of the forest, are described and com- 
mented upon with a minuteness and vivacity interesting alike to the 
geologist, the antiquary, and the philosopher. 

He was, we believe, one of the original investigators of the 
tumuli at Marietta, the first and at that time the only settlement of 
importance in that region of country. A description of one of 
these remarkable mounds, excavated and explored by him, lie com- 

* In his Journal, Mr. Parsons gives the followin;?' statistics of the Al>origines, at that time 
inhabiting the Territory, wliich may not be uninteresting to compare with their present con- 
dition. We present the extract entire : 

" The Dilawares live at Sandusky, in a N. W. course and about 180 miles from this place, (Marietta.)- 
Their number is 4U(). 

" The Wyaniiutf, living partly in the same region and partly at Detroit, 3(X) miles from Marietta, are 
about 'JGO Ju numl)er. 

*' 'i'lie Mitniffs live on the Alleghany river, about 310 miles N. E. from M. and number 100, 

" The Miami irihe live at Miiiiui town, \V. S. ^V. ■J.SO miles, anil are about 100 in number. 

'' 'I'lie S/uiwanoes liv( on the .Miami river, S. W. ^0 miles, and number 150. 

" 'I'lie Ckerokets, or Cliirkeu-agas, hve on Puint Creek, S. S. W. 250 miles, and are about 100 in 
number. 

•' The \V~iahtanof.i live on Ihi^ Wabnsh river, W. S. W. 500 miles, and number COO. 

" The Kickapoes live alsn upon the \Val)asl\, S. S. W. 500 miles, and number 1100. 

" Tlie Pianhishaics live upon ihe g;ime river, S. and S. W. CIXJ mile:* — number 400. 

" The Kaiiaskias live on the Mississippi, S. S. W. Mrti miles. Their number is 150, 

" The Prnrees live upon ihe Illinois river, W. S. W. Ol-K) miles. Number 150. 

" The Meailiiio Inilium live also upon the Illinois, alxjul 000 miles W. by S. Number 500. 

" The Imcas live upon the Illinois, S. W. OllO niilei, iiiimberiiiij 300. 

"The Fojrei live on the ^>. side of Lake Sujierior, \V. N. W . 000 miles — number 1000. 

'• The C/iippewfU^ live W. of Lake Miehipaii, W. i\. W. &00 miles from .M. Number -1000. 

" The Potowatoniies live K. of Lake iMicliii;an, W. N. W. al)Oul 450 miles. Number 4000. 

"The Ottawas live N. V.. of Lake .Michigan, N. \V. 100 miles. Number lOOO. 

" The aieux live N W. of Lake Superior. N. \V. from .Marietta 050 miles. .Number 6(KX)." 

In iiis Journal we have nlso n s|>ociinen of the fertility of the soil, and the rapidity of the 
vegetation of the Territory, in the following- e.\tracts : 

"June T. Rode out with my father lo his three-acre lot, which was sowed wiih rye in December 
last. About iweiuy days apo, it was four inches high. Ten days since, when we visited it, it wa» 
three and a hall leet hiph ; and to-day we found it seven and a half I'eel in heipht. 

" June 13. Measured a spear of tiax growiiii; on my city lot, and find ihat in six days it has grown 
seven inches. Mr Converse informs me Ihat about three weeks ago, he planted corn, which is at the 
present lime four feet high." 

On subsequent pages of the Journal, Mr. P. has extended remarks on the philosophy of 
vcfretation. 

We liave further space only for the folio wing^ curious e.vtract : 

" June 15. Last night the dogs made a most hiiteouj clamor, and seemed to be exceedingly excited. 
Mr. , who lives about forty rods N. of the Slockaile, was about geiting up lo see what dis- 
turbed ihcin, but did not ; and in the morning, on opening the outer door to let in his dog, he ibund in 
his mimlli a purse fillid with Brooches and liiiigs." 



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1847.] Enoch Parsons, Esq. 161. 

municatcd in 17S9 to President Stiles of Yale College, and is pre- 
served among liis manuscripts in the College Library. 

May 14, 1789, Mr. Parsons was appointed by CJov. Arthur St. 
Clair, Register and Cleric of the lirst Probate Record Ofliee, estab- 
lished in the county of Washington, which was the first county 
erected north-west of the river Ohio, lie there remained, faith- 
fully discharging the duties of this appointment, until April, 1790, 
when he resigned and returned to Middleiown, Ct., his family resi- 
dence, and was appointed by the General Assembly of the Slate at 
their ensuing session, in May, High Sheritf of Middlesex County. 
TJiis office he accepted, being then only twenty-one years of age: 
and he continued to perform its duties with fidelity and public 
acceptance, till he attained the age of 49, a period of twenty-eight 
years ; when he was compelled by ill health and various imperative 
avocations, to relinquish its fatigues and solicitude. 

During the period of his oliicial duties as Sheriff, Mr. Parsons 
was also actively engaged in various other public avocations, and 
in mercantile business. He was called to preside over difl'ercnl 
local institutions and organizations in the place where he resided; 
acted a while as Secretary to an Insurance Company, and was re- 
peatedly elected an Alderman of the city of Middletown, and Rep- 
resentative in the General Assembly of the State. He was also ... 
presented by his Congressional friends as a rival candidate of the • 
late President Harrison in the year 1791 for the office of Secretary >. 
and ex-ollicio Lieut. Governor of the N. W. Territory, but he de- 
clined the nomination. He likewise declined the honor, though 
repeatedly solicited, to represent his fellow-citizens in the councils fv 
of the nation. His own private alTairs too much required his atten- tj, 
tion to permit him to engage in this high trust. 

In the year 1810, when the late Bank of the United States was in- 
corporated, I\Ir. Parsons, believing that the establishment of a j 
]3ranch in Connecticut, (by many deemed impracticable,) would '; 
materially promote the commercial interests of its citizens, visited 
Philadelphia in company with other gentlemen, with a view to 
this object. By the most persevering efibrts, and through his 
active and efilcient induence and exertion, a Branch was located 
in Connecticut at Middletown. He was chosen a Director of the 
institution immediately upon its organization, and continued in 
the direction during the existence of the Charter. 

In 1S18 he was elected President of the Connecticut Branch, on 
the resignation of the Hon. Samuel W. Dana, then a Senator in 
Congress; and was annually elected, until it was transferred from 
Middletown to Hartford, in the spring of 18'^4. Having removed 
thither himself about the same time, he was re-elected, and contin- 
ued to preside over the institution with acknowledged impartiality, 
ability, and firmness, and the most unllinching integrity, during the 
operations of the Branch in Connecticut, and until the expiration 
of the Charter. 

Though educated a merchant and eminent as a financier, Mr. 



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162 Memoir of Enoch rdrsoiis, Esq. [-^P"', 

Parsons was also a ^ownd hno/cr ; not by profession or practice, 
but by the acHjuisilion of llu' ri'cjuisilc legal knowledge. Tlieoillce 
of Slierilf, when he was called to fill it, was one of honor as well 
as })rorit. Its incninbent was the companion of ihc Judges. He 
attended at their " chambers" as well as in the ''court-room." lie 
listened to, and particii)ated in, their deliberations and discussions. 
Thus Mr. Parsons breathed a legal atmosphere. Being by his odicial 
duties, through a period of ticcnti/-eig-Itt years, in familiar inter- 
course with the Bench and the B(u; and having read the best 
elementary writers, erdowed, as he was, with a remarkably re- 
tentive memory and a logical and incjuisitive mind, it is not sur- 
prising that he retained to the close of life the principles and 
maxims of jurisprudence thus deeply implanted. Though not a 
member of the Bar, his opinions on elementary points were seldom 
questioned. 

Mr. Parsons wrote some, but reflected more. His published 
writings are few and chielly jioUtkal. His unpublished manu- 
scripts arc numerous and mostly in an cpistolanj form, relating 
principally to the subject oi' finance. 

In all the relations of domestic and social life, Mr. Parsons was 
beloved and res[)ccled. lie was twice married, and left three chil- 
dren by the- first marriage, and one by the second; two only of 
whom survivi' him ; namely, one residing in Hartford, Ct., Samuel 
H. Parsons, Esq., and one in the State of Ohio. In these rela- 
tions, lie v.-as ever the generous and atlectionate husband, and the 
kind and faithful parent. Ilis habits and feelings were social and 
communicalivt' ; and in his intercourse with his fellow-men, dignity 
was seen blended with the utmost courtesy and kindness. He was 
a true gentleman of the olden school, and every son of New Eng- 
land will understand what this means. 

His personal appearance was dignified and commanding. His 
stature large and well-proportioned ; high forehead and bald, with 
dark blue eye, and a countenance indicative of his mental charac- 
teristics of thought, deliberation and energy, blended with mildness. 

Mr. Parsons was a firm believer in the Christian religion. He 
adopted the principles of the gospel as the standard of human ac- 
tion ; and frec[uently remarked, that through life he had made it an 
invariable rulr never to close his eyes in sleep without first com- 
muning with his (Jod. 

About a year previous to the close of his interesting life, his sys- 
tem became generally debilitated, and during the last three or four 
months he was unable to leave the house. He expressed himself 
perfectly resigned to the will of Heaven, and gradually sunk into a 
lethargy, which continued until the morning of July 9, ISIG, when 
lie slept in dt'ath, in the 77tli year of his age. 



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1847.] ■ The Philosoph,/ of Life. 1G3' 



TlIK rillLOSOPHY OF LIFK. 

Wy Muse has oft sIumluT.'J in life's bu^y dav, 

And .st'ldom I've sought Iut, as liaviiii,' nolui.sunj ; 

At tho inoinciit, however, wliilc limi; ijlidcs awav 
In tin,' (jiiiL't of agi'. Il'I inu yit^ld to the; pleastii'c. 

And oh ! in the scent-s 0:1 my fancy that burst, 

And on which with (hdi^'ht or with sadness I linir.-r, 

Say, what .shall arnvst rny attention tin; (irst '. 

When?; where shall I jilace nie — where point tho fixed finger ? 

Shall I dwell npon childhood, or press on to youth, 
(Jr look only on manhood, or Death's les•^ons ponder? 

Shall I mourn, or rejoice, or ad.minister truth. 
Or most at man's folly or GOD'S mercy wonder ? 

I gaze on the palace, contemplate the cot, 

Mark the tower, see the ocean, view l;ind-<ca[ies wide-sprcadiuL', 
And I leel. while I think on man's chani:eable lot. 

Compassion its inlhience o'er my heart shedding: 

And I cry, ' ye trillers, ye murmnrers, say, 

' Couhi your wishes be realized, what were the Idessing 

' Most anxiously .souijht, to make happy your day 

' 01 existence, and crown you with hli^s worth possessing ?' 

' I'J have power,' say.s the statesman ; ' broad empire.' the ki;ig ; 

' More lands,' .shouts the rich ; and ' no labor,' the 'pea>anl ;^ 
And so throuirh the catalogue! Hope seeks to brini,' 
t' Kiijuyuent from change, and depreciates the pre>ent : 

While yet, would we weigh our condition with care, 
: ; And be just to that Wisdom our lollies which chastens, 

We should see many blessings that fall to our share, 

Though the crown of our wishes it, advent ne'er hastens. 

GOD denies in His love, and withholds what we seek, 
In tender compa>siou, well knowing our blindness. 

Let us yield, be submissive, and patient, and meek, 
Adoring His mercy, and trusting His kindness. 

This, this is our wisdom. Alone it deserves 

The name of philosophy ; nor can the science 
Man proudly may boast, while as yet he but serves 

His passions, allord for his woes an appliance. . , 

This life is a trial. Our worhl cannot fill 

The void of the heart, which too surely is boundles.s. 

GOD will discipline, rectify, govern man's will, 
And eternity show our complaining is groundless : 

There,^ we may, when we knoic what we see here in part. 

Lite's piiilosophy prize, as we lind it resulting 
In bliss s[)ringiug forth from a purilied heart 

Without cea.sing. in love, joy, :uid wonder exulting. 

Why should we not, then, as life hurries away, 
Subnfit us to (;0D, ami fall in with the measures 

His Wisilom employs, from His paths lest we strav, 
And fail to inherit His blood-purchased treasures? 

/G/iua/i/30, 1817. •, ••.- Tj.,., 



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K E M A K K S . 



Tlie rollowin:^ detail.s arc published not as being comiilcte, but with 
tlie hope lliat the pubhealiou of tliciii may be as a magnet attracting 
to itself, ami tluis suii[)lying the wanting hnks which miglit otherwise 
perisli from the chain of a family history. Any information, however 
slight, respcetmg any of the lines, whether direct or collateral, hereby 
brought to light, will be welcomed by the author of this article, or the 
editor of this jinirnal. 

We are still in the dark as to the family history of not a few among 
the lirst fathers of x\ew England. .Much of this darkness might be 
dispelled were all the written memorials still extant sought out, com- 
jiared, and committed to the keeping of the art jircservaiive of all arts. 
"Wiiithrop in his Journal s[)eaks of a letter from the Yarmoulh pilgrims 
to their bretliren, wilh their names, as printed at London in IG^'.O. The 
inslnictions to Endecott, the fust (Jovcrnor of IMassachiisctts Bay, were 
" Keep a daily register in each family of what is done by all and every 
person in the family." 

In Young's Chronicles of riymouth, (p. 3G,) and of Massachusetts 
Bay, (|). 157), lists o'^ names of emigrants are referred to, but the lists 
themselves are ncjt given. 

Xolwilhstandiiig several good works ujion the Huguenots have re- 
cently appeared, much genealogical labor remains to be performed in 
tracing the lineage of jiarlicular families to Erance, and investigating 
their condition there before their emigration. 1 have often souglit, 
though without .success, fur the records of the Old Erench Church in 
Boston, v.'hich stood on the site ol' ilie Uuiversalist Church in School 
street. 

N T E S . 

1. Neither the family name of Siephcn Butler's wife nor any other 
particiUars respecting him have been ascertained, except the record of 
the births of his children, which is extracted from the city registers of 
Boston, formerly kejit in the Old State House. As he became a father 
in Boston within little more than twenty years after its lirst settlement, 
it may be presumed that he was an emigrant from Euroi>e. 

2. Benjamin Jkitler. The diilereiit dates in this ami similar cases 
denote the births of diliereiit children bearing the same name; the for- 
mer in all probability died before the birth of the latter. 

3. James J5utler jirobably died before 1G'J2, if the Grace Butler, mar- 
ried to Andrew Eiaukin, Ajiril 1-Jth, of that year, by Simon Bradstreet, 
was his widow. 

4. Information as to the kindred of Abigail Eusticc may doubtless be 
found in the public records of Boston 

0. James Butler was a proprietor in a rope-walk at West Boston; 
was married April Ci, 171(t, by llev. E. rciubertuii of the Old South. 
He was probably admitted to the Eirst Church Jan. 24, ITO.?-]. A 
folio Bible wilh Clarke's anuutatioiis, now in my [lossession, as an heir- 
loom from my father and grandfather, bears the name of this James 
Butler, my grandfather's grandfather, and the date 1713, doubtless 
written by his own hand. 

(■>. Giiu;e Ihitler was married l)ec. 2G, 170C., lo Thomas Jackson, by 
Jn-uiamin Wadsworth, mini>ter nf the lirst idiiirrh. Slie had several 
elnldii 11, lirace, Thomas, and I'Misubeth, and dird ."Marrli 1-'), l7o'.'. 



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The Ihithr Fanii/i/. 



169 



7. Eliza Rutler was admitted to tlic first cliurch Nov. 2o, 170G, 
and was married to Capt. Ephraim Savage, Jan. 8, 1712. Nothing fur- 
ther is known of her. 

S. James lUilIer was by trade a goldsmith. About 1750 he removed 
to Ilalilax, Nova Scotia, but proving unfurtiinatc in his enterprise, soon 
returned to IJosion. He afterwards lived awiiile in Sutton, Ms., but 
died HI Jjuston, in 177G, aged (Vo. 

9. Aitliougii I liuve abstained from full details of collateral lines, I 
am constrained to give them respecting Elisabeth Davie, since her 
line of ancestry is so long. 

John Davie of Exeter, Kng. =p Julian Strode. 



Juhn. 



Mary, — Humphrey, a Lon- 

I (ion niercliunt. 



John, removed from— Llisabeth Richards. Ann, d. Sept. 
Lundoii and settled in 1^', ICo'J. 

(Jroton, Ms., K'tj.'. i 



I I 1,11! 

(a) John, graduated at Har- (l)) Ilumphrc)- of IMary. William. Elisabeth. Sarah 
vard, lOSl, hecame bai- DorcliOiler, — (c) Hannah Gedney. 

onet in 1713. presented I 

books to Yale College. | 

I 

F.lisabetli, d. Feb. ^ (S) James Butler. 
1-j, 173'J. 

(a.) The line:\cro of this nubleman. Ids heraldic emblazonin^s and the like, 
may he found in Hnrke'.s Poerai:^ ot Eii'j;l:ind : " vi.v ea nostra voco." 

(b) Humphrey Davie was a captain in the Loiulun trade. Hence his daugh- 
ter had many line dresses. One of these now belongs to ln;r grandJauyhter, 
^Ir<. .Sarah Kini^sbury of Oxford, Ms. 

It is of brocade, with niaiiy-coloied figures cinbroidcred upon a ground of 
i;reen. It has two skirts, each of .seven breadtlis, a long luxlice to be worn 
with a satin stomacher, sleeves short at the elbows, with llowing rullh's. A sil- 
ver tabby chrislenimr, or to use a better expression, haptisiiuil, blanket, now in 
iny possession, is said to have been made of another of my irreat-grandniuther's 
dre--es. There is a family tradition that these dresses were pawned by her 
husband after her death, and redeemed by her son. 

(c) Hannah Gedney's lineage so far as I can trace it is as follows ; 

John Gedney, b. li'D:!; d. Ang. T), IGsS; .-= Mary . ' ' 

admitted tochurcli in Salem, Nov. 11', lO.i". =-- Catherine . 



Sarah. 



J. I ,1 t 

Eli. Bartholomew, Eleazer. John, lost ai sea, 

baptized, June • .., 

M,1GU), Free- ,. , , . , ' 

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170 Genealogies. [April, 

10. Jamc:s I5iitler wris brought u[> to the trado. of a linttcr; was 
nrairied iMfxy 10, l/HiJ, by Uev. Andrew Khot of Mew North Church; 
ill Aug., 1771, Ilcd witli liis wife mid six children under ten years of 
age, to Georgetown, Mc., a lour days' voyage, lie was driven to 
this fliglit Ijy the 15oslon port-bill, whicli brought all business to a 
stand. After remaining four years in Maine, he returned to Boston, 
and soon removed to (Jxford, Ms. ; where he resided till his death, 
Dec. 20, lb27, aged Sd. 

11. Mary Sigourney was great-granddaughter of a Sigourney, who, 
being a Ilngucnot, fled from Hochelle in France, with his wife and 
four small children, in IG^J. This first emigrant was aniuiig the first 
settlers in Oxibrd, I\Is., and some of his children married there. 
Through fear of Indians, he removed to Jjoston. I have made out an 
extensive table of his posterity, but on account of its length, must 
refrain fVom inserting it here, except so far as relates to my own 
family. Among the descendants of this Huguenot exih-, are the 
JJrimmcrs, the Inches, and the Dexiers, of Boston ; the Commander 
of the Schooner Asp, killed by the British iu the I'otomac, in 1813; and 
the hus!)and of our most popular poetess. 

Sit'ournev, "7 . 



I 

Andrew, in. ab. =-- Gcrmaine 
17ui,at 0.\i"ord. 



Anthony, b. Boston, Aug. 17, ITl.'f, =- ("< )Mary Watcrs 



(11) Mary, b. March 23, 17 11 ; in.. May is, 17G3 ; = (10) James Butler. 
was early taught French by her grand- 
mother, as the toni,'ue of her ancestors; ■ • , 
consulted by Dr. Holmes as to Huguenot 
annals; had the covenant propounded to 
her at the New North church, Feb. 2,!, 17G1. 

12. James Davie Butler was born in Boston, Oct. G, 1103. In 17SC, 
loft a school lie was teaching in Oxfortl, to be a volunteer against 
Shays. Immigrated to Ilutland, Vt., in Aug., 1767; A\'as at first a hat- 
ter; in 1702, became a merchant, and continued in trade fifty years, 
till his death, June 3, lS-12. 

He A\'as married, Aug. 22, 1S02, to tlie widow Fiachel IMaynard, and 
IMarch 1-3, 1S27, to Lois Harris. He represented tlie town of Rutland 
in the Vermont Legislature, for the years lbl2and lbl3. in tlie year 
'is\ 1, he was a member of the State Council. 

His first wife was daughter of Ca[»t. Israel Harris of Williamstown, 
r*Is., who went with Kthan Allen's Green Mountain Boys to take 
Ticondeioga, and was an ollicer in the battle of Bennington. 

13. This infant of days may be noticeable as l^eing the seventh of 
those who, in one unbroken line during one hundred and eighty-one 
years, liave born the name of James. 

(') Mar^' Waters was of M'eUh cxtracli.iii. She owned a cfipy of Flavel iu two vol - 
unies ft'lu), (I.uiidnn, 1710 ) \vhiL-li is now m my hand- t_>ue of Lcr t^rocade drcsst-s is sliii 
[TO.-erved by Mi»s M.iry Butler of Itulliuid, \l 



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1^-17.] The Mlnot Fumilij. ' 171 



t,. THE iMIN'OT FAMILY 

UV LEMIEL bllATTfCli, USt;. 



Explanation of the Plan in prcparin;i; the Memoir. 

Ill iho following ]\Ieinoir the numbers inscrtcii in llie pareulhesos on tho left, 
are the niiinlicr.-i of tin.' paia^raplts. each, i:eniTaIiy, containini; a notice of one 
entire family. The KoiiKm numbers iinmeJialely after indicate the yenoration 
of (lie family, including the lirst person named. The descendants are doubly 
numbineJ — liist in cunsecutive ordi'r, and secondly by each family separately. 
The ligures in brackets after tin; name refi.T back to these numbers of the de- 
scendants, indicating the family and connections to uhich the individual 
belongs. The numbers insert(!d in the parentheses on the right, against the 
name of a child, show the subsequent paragraph where a notice of tiie tamily 
of such child may be found. 

It is impossible to piesenl a mouKiir of this kind, which shall be entirely free 
from error, perfect and complete. In existing families, births, marriaL'cs, and 
deaths, are constantly occurrinLT, and in mort! ancient ones new facts are often 
iliscovered. Such lacts it is desiral.de to have entered ; and snch a plan as 
woidd allow their in-ertion without re-writing the memoir will be preferred. By 
leaving some space in the original entries, the plan admits of correction, ampli- 
lication, and e.vtension, without marring its simplicity and bi;auty. 



IMEMOIR. ;, -., 

(I) All by the name of I\Iinot in Aincrica are supposed to liave 
tlescentled from George Minot, whose posterity forms the subject of 
this Memoir. There was a Thomas Minot, probably a brother, who 
was a proprietor of Barbadoes in li>33, but I can neiilier trace his his- 
tory, nor ascertain that he left iiosterity. None of the name could be 
found in the New York or riiLladeli)hia Directories for 154 G. The fam- 
ily are 'all descended from Thomas ?tIinot, Es.p, Secretary to tlie 
Abbot of Walden, England, by whom he was advanced to great pos- 
sessions. 

FIRST GENERATION. 

{■?.) I. Eloer George I\Iinot was the son of Thomas IMinot, Esq, 
of Salfron- Walden, l^^ssex, England, and was b. Aug. 1, 1501. lie was 
among tlie first Pilgrim emigrants to ^Massachusetts, and the first set- 
tlers of Dorchester. His jdace of residence was near Ncponset 
Bridge, and he owned tlic land whicli has been hnowp as " Stptantum." 
lie was made a freeman in li;:l!,and represented the town in IGo;") 
and ir.:jf). lie was a ruling elder in the clnu-ch thirty years, and d. 
Dec. 'J I, 1071, in the 7Mh year of liis a'j.\ lie left a will, wliicli is 
recorded in the Suliblk Ilecurds, Vol. VII. p !■-'.». The inventory of hi.- 
estate amounted to C277. 7. 7. "His d.alh,"' say the records, "was 
much lamented by the town, whose weal he sought and lilierties de- 
fended." He was a cotemporary with l^Ider Humpl:rey ; and it is said 
the following lines Were once to be foimd on a gravestone in the 
ancieiit burying-ground in Dorchester: — 

Hero lie the ho.'.ii's of I.'nile Humphrey ;iiul .•^hii.i:):,' Mmot 
Siiclt names ;\5 theae, they ne\er che net. 



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172 Ocnculog-ics. [April, 

Mr. Mii\()i\s wife, Martha, J. iu Dorchcslcr, Dec. 23, 1C57, a. CO. He 
JclL the lulluwing chikiren ; 

; 2—1 John, 1). April 2, ICJ.",, m. Lydia Duller, ^lay 19, 1G47. (3) 

.'J— 2 Jaiii.'S, 1.. D.'c. 31, HVjS, rii. llunnuh St<.ui;liton, Due. <J, IC.Vj. (4) 

4—3 Stophen, b. May 2, li':il, lu. Trucros-o Davf-nport, Nov. 10, IC'^J. (,0) 

5 — 1 Samutjl, b. Ucc. lb, 1635, m. Hannah Howard, June 23, lOTO. (Oj 

" ■ SIX'O.XD GENERATION. 

(;i) 11. Capt. John Minot [2 — ]] was m. by Governor Dudley to 
Lydia Butler of Dorchester, May 19, 1017. She d. Jan. 21, 1GG7, at 
the birth of her sixth child. He ni. a second lime Mary Biggs of Bos- 
ton, widow of John Biggs who d. in IGtid, and the daughter of John 
Dasset. He d. iu Dorchester, Aug. 12, IGG'J, a. 43. She ci. about 1G77. 
Tliey both left wills. His i.s recorded in Sullblk llecords. Vol. VI. p. 
31), ai)d hers, Vol. VI. p. 2G2. His estate was prized at X97S. 0. Aa 
anecdote in relation to John Minot is found in Dwight's Travels, Vol. 
III. p. 12o, and in Hutchinson's Hist. IMass. Vol. I. p. 268. He left the 
following children ; 

C— 1 John, b. Jan. 23, ir,l7, m. Elisabeth Brick, March 11, 1G70. (7) 
7—2 James, b. Sept. 11, It'i.xt, ra. Rebecca Wheeler. (S) — 

b— 3 .Martha, b. Sept. 2J, ir.57, d. siii;;le, Nov. 23, 1G7S, a. 21. She was engaged to 
be uiariied, but il. unmarried, leavin;^ a will, in which she directed that at her 
funeral her betrothed hubband, " John Morgan Jr. be all over mourning, and 
follow next after me." 
9 — I Stephen, b. Aug. lu, li',c,2, m. Mary Clark, Dec. 1, IC^u. (0) 
10 — !j Samuel, h. July 3, 1G'J5, m. Hannah Jones of Concord. (10) 
11 — 6 An infant, d. in infancy. 

(A) II. James Minot [3—2] d, in Dorchester, ]Marcli 30. 1G7G, a. 48. 
He left no will. His estate was prized at .CGGo. IS. G. He m. 1st, 
Dec. 9, lGo3, Hannah Stoughton, d;iu. of Col. Israel Stoughton, and sis- 
ter of the Hon. Win. Stoughton, Lieut. Gov. of Massachusetts. She 
was b. April, 1G37, admitted' to the church, 1GG2, and d. March 12, 1G70, 
a. 33. He m. 2nd, llejibziliah Corlet, sister of Amis Corlct, May 21, 
1G73, in Cambriilge. After Mr. MinoL's death, she m. Daniel Champ- 
ney, June 4, Kbl. !Mr. ^Nlinot had the following children ; 

12— 1 Israel, b. Oct. IR, li'.Jl, d. unmarried. 

13—2 Ceori^e, h. Nov. l.l, 1G55. 

14—3 Hannah, h. , l(i:)7, d. Feb. IG, 1G59. 

15 — t James, b. April 2, 1G5'.', m. Rebecca Jones, Feb. 9, IGSG. (11) 

IG— ;') William, b. Sept. IS, ]f.G2. 

17— G Elisabeth, b. Dec. 27, 1GG3, m. John Danforth, Nov. 21,10^2. 

lb — 7 Melietabel,b. Sept. 17, IGOS, m. 1. Thomas Cooper, 2. Solomon Stoddard, Esq. 

(')) 11. Stc[)hen ]\Iinot [1—3] d. in Dorchester, Feb. IG, 1G71, a. 40, 
intestate, leaving an estate of .i!G-jl. 4. 7. He m. Truccrossc Daven- 
port, Nov. 10, IGol. She d. Aug. 3, 1092, a. o3. They had 

I'J—l Martha, b. Sei)t. 22, 1G57, d. Oct. 11, 1GS3. 
20—2 Jonathan, b. Sept. 11, 1G58, d. Nov. 2'.t, 1G.')S. 
21—3 Klibabeth, d. Nov. 24, 1GG3. 

2J — 1 Mehetal.el, b. June 4, ir,G5, ni. Edward Mills of Boston. She d. Aug. 10, IGOO, 

leaving one son, Stephen Mills. 
23—5 F.lisibeiu, b. June 10, li',7'J, after the death of her father. She and Stejihen 

Mills iiiheiited Mr. Minol's pro[ierty. 



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IS47.] The-Minot FamiJij. 173 

(G) II. Samuel Minot [5 — 1] d. in Dorchp^tcr, Dec. 1=5, 1000. He 
m. Ilanimh Howard. June 23, 1(')70. They liad two cliildrea ; 

24—1 George, b. IGTr). 

25—2 Samuel, b, Nov. 23, IGSS, d. June 1, IGSO. 

THIRD gi:.\i:katio.\'. 

(7) III. John INIinol [G— 1] d. .Tan. 2C), IGOO. His will is recorded in 
the Sunblli Records, Vol. VII. [). Gt. lli.s estate was prized at llGt^O. 17. 
Hem. Elisabetli Brick, IMarcli 1 1, 1G70, wlio d. April G, IG'JU. They 
botli d. in Dorclie.ster of the small-pox. Their children were 

2t)— 1 John, b. Oct. 10, 1072, m. Mary Baker, May 21, ICC'o. (12) 

27— 2 Lsnicl, b. An-. 2:), lC7i). 

2S— 3 Josiah, b. Dec. 27, li'.77. 

29 — 1 Jenisha, b. Jan. 2S, 1G7'.>. > 

30—5 George, b. Aug. 10, 1GS2. . ' . 

(8) HI. James IMinot, Esq., [7— ?] was b. Sept. It, 10.13, and grad- 
uated at II. C. in lG7o. He .studied divinity and physic. He kept the 
grammar-school in Dorchester in IG7'J, but soon after removed to Con- 
cord, where he was employed as a teacher and physician. In 1G95, he 
was hired to [ireach in Stow, "for I:J. (". per day, one half casli and one 
half Indian corn ; " and ai^ain in lOSO for " what older towns had given 
their ministers — Cl3 for i;5 sabbaths.'' In 1G".):2 he had another appli- 
cation to preach there, which he dcchned, Hclin([iiishing the profession 
soon after, he was appointed Justice of the Peace in 109-2, and a Captain 
of the militia, then olhces of much distinction. He represented the 
town several years in General Court, was much employed in various 
public trusts, and distinguished himself for his talents and excellent 
character. He d. Sept. 20, 173.5, a. b3. He ni. Rebecca, dan. of Capt. 
Tnnothy Wheeler, the founder of the ministerial fund in Concord, and 
inherited the liomcstead of his fatber-indaw, near the residence of 
the Hon. Daniel Shattuck, where he tl. She d. Sept. 23, 1731, a. 03. 
The following arc the epitaphs on the gravestones erected to their 
memories, now standing in the " Hill Burying- Ground," in Concord. 

Here i.s interred the remains of 
Jajiks MiNOTT, Ksij., A. M. an 
■ ''"";■ ,' ■'. '■ Excelling Grammarian, Enriched 

' ■' ', ■' '• with the (Jift of Prayer and Freaching, 

a Commanding Olficer, a IMiysiciaii of . • ■ 

Great Value, a Great Liiver of I'eace 
as well as of Justice, and which was ' ' ' 

• ■ His greatest Glory, a Genl'n of distinguished 

Virtue and Goodness, liappy in a Virtuous 
Posterity, and living Ri-ligiousiy, Died 
Comfortably, Sept. 21), 1 73.1, .-Kt. S3. * '■ 

Here is interred the body of 
^Irs Rebecca Minott y<' virtuous 
Consort of Jatnos Mino't Esij. . ■ 

(and daughter of Cajit. Timothv Wheeler) 
* She was a person of 

Serious piety and aliouiiding . ' 

charity, of great usefulness 
in Her Day, and a pattern 
, of Patience and tiolv 

Siihmission nndi-r a loni; 

CoiUinenient, and rcsit;nccl llt-r 

.Soul w ith Jiiy ill hii 

Kedcciucr Sept ..':!, 1 ?:; I 

i aged G"?. 



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174 CcncaJo'j^ics. [April, 

The following were childrGU of James .Alinot, Esq.; 

ni — 1 Kcl.i'cca, 1). Fe!j. '.', !'>'., m. J.-)SL'ph E.uielt, Dec. 27, 1701. (13) 

32 — Q Ly(ii;i, b. M.irch 1 "2, 1('^7, m. lieiij.miin Barrett, Jan. 3, nor). (m) 
33 — 3 Mary, li. Nov. 10, li.^.i, m. Ebeiifzer Wheeler, Sept. 2o, 17(i''.. 

31 — I Tiiuothy, L. June IS, l'.'.',', m. 1. IMary Brooks— -J. Bculah Brown. (15) 

3.5 — 5 James, b. Oct. 17, lO'Jl, lu. 1. Martliu Lane— 2. KIi*abeth Merrick. (10) 

3'"— Elisabeth, b. Jan. 2'.', li'.'.i?, in. Daniel A'lanis, April J j, 171 .5. (17) 

37 — 7 Martha, b. April 3, li'i'.i'.), m. James Lane, April 3u, 171 'j. She d. Jan. 

1':*, \1\V.\ in Bedford, a. -10. 

3S— S Love, I?, . ,, , m. John Adams, Doc, 13,1722. (IS) 

39-9 Mercy, ^ I ^- '^^''^ ^''' ^ ''^-' m. Samuel Dakin. Dec. 13, 1722. (l9) 

•10-10 Saiiuiel, b. March 2,7, 170r<, in. 1. Sarah I'rescolt, 2. Dorcas Piescott. {•.,;U) 

III the nl)Ove family, two sisters nmrriod two brollicrs by the name of 
Barrett; two other sisters married brothers by the name of Adams ; a 
brother and a sister married a Ijrother and sister by the name of Lane, 
and two were Ijorn the same day and married the same day. 

There are few parents who have so great reason to be " happy in a 
virtuous posterity," as had these. One son was a minister, another 
was a deacon, and eight of the grandchikiren were deacons or married to 
deacons; several were clergymen or married to clergymen. Very many 
of the great-grandchildren sustained the same ollices, or were otherwise 
distinguished in military, civil, or religions life. A large proportion of 
those who arrived at mature age jirolesscd religion; and the succeeding 
and numerous families were among the most respected, nseful, and in- 
fluential in the towns in which they lived. Very many distii:)guished 
men descended from them; among whom were Fvev. .Stephen and 
Hon. Timothy Farrar of New Ipswich, N. II., liogcr ]\Iinot Sherman, 
of Fairtield, Ct., and several eminent physicians by the name of Adams ; 
and Hon. Roger Sherman, and several other distinguished men of New 
Haven married descendants. 

('J) HI. Stephen Minot [0—4] d. in Sudbury street, Boston. IIo 
left a will, recorded in Suliblk Ilecord.s Vol. XXXI. p. S2. He was a 
merchant and member of Brattle Street Church; married Mary Clark, 
dan. of Capt. Christopher Clark, Dec. 1, IC^G. They had ilie following 
children ; 

■11 — 1 Rebecca, b. Au?. 20, irs7, d. Aui,'. 2'' of the same year. 

•12—2 Stephen, b. Oct. 27, ic^s, m. 1. Sarah Wainwright, •..'. IMary Brown. (21) 

43—3 John, b. Dec. 27, ir.'.m, J. at Brunswick, Jan. 11, 17('l. 

41 — 1 M.'hetabel, b. Dec. 0, liVjj_ Avas engaijed to be married to Kichard Bills, 
when her lather made his will. 

■17— J Lydia, b. .M ly, 1.7, li'il''), m, Joseph Eaton, ^^ay]0, 1720; had one dau. 

40— G Kebecc.n, b. Nov. 0, li.'J7, m. Samuel Miller, Oct. S, 17J4. 

47—7 George, b. Jan. 21,1700, d. Nov. 13, 1702, of the small-po.x. 

4S— S I'eter, b. .Marcli, 1,1702, d. Oct. 30, 1702, of the small-po.v. 

49 — Geon,'e, li. Jan. 2',', 170-, in. Elisabeth Mooreof North Carolina, by whom 
he had a son who d. in iiilancy, and a dau. Sarah who m. Nathaniel Taylor, 
Escj., ati oHicer of the cusionis in Bo-tou, Mr. ."\Iinol d. Jan. IN, 17Sj. He 
was a niercliant, and owned the T wharf in Boston. 

50-10 Christopher, b. gr. at II. C. ]72'i, was an oliic-r of the customs in Bos- 

ton until 1770, when he removed to Ilalifa.Y, where he d. unmarried. May 
12, I7,si, a. 77. 

51-11 Peter, b. m. was drowned at Halifax with his wife. 

o-'-lJ James, b. was .i inoroh.nit at Jamaica where he d. unmarried. 

(10) III. Samuel Minot [10— 5j m. Hannali Jones of Concord. He 
d. younir, and his oidy son Jonathan Minot was in ConcoYil, in 1707, 
being then 1 1 years old, when he chose bis uncle John Minot of Dor- 
chester his utiardian. 



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1817.] The Minot Familij. 175 

(11) Til. James I\Iinot [15 — Ij lived in Concord, where ho m. Re- 
becca Jones, Feb, 9, IGsS, She was tlie dan. of John Junes, lie d. 
leaving one son, and she in. for her second hnsband ("apt. Joseph 
Bnlkelcy, March 9, 1(39(), by whom slic had several chihhen. She d. 
Jnly \'2, 1712, a. 50. Two of her chihlren, Rebecca and Dorothy, men- 
tioned below, were by Capt. Bulkeley, her second husband, and arc 
tlierefore not numbered wiili the JMinoL Family, not being (b-scendants. 
That there may be no misnnderslandiiig, their surname is inserted. 

Til— 1 Jonatliuii, b. m. Elisabeth Stratton, Jan. L'o, 171 1. (ii) 

2 Rebecca Bulkeley, b. Dec. 2r), li/.""i, m. Jos.-pb Hubbard, Nov. 10, 171 J. 

3 Dorothy Bulkeley, b. Jan. 7, liU'.t, rn. Sjmiiel Hunt, Nov. 11, 171o. 

About 1725 Jonathan ?iIinot of Westford, (ilien part of Chelmsford,) 
and Joseph Hubbard sold to Thomas Jones of Concord, "tlie whole of 
the right of their mother, Rebecca Bulkeley, deceased in Acton, allowed 
to tlic heirs of her father John Jones, and to Dorothy Hunt, deceased, 
the former wife of Samuel Hunt, owe of the heirs of Rebecca Bulke- 
ley." .losepli Hubbard was the ancestor of most of the name in Con- 
cord. 

FULilLTH Gl':-\LrLATION. 

(12) IV. John INIinot [20—1] m. IMary Baker of Dorchester, where 
he lived as a fanner. She d. Feb. 18, 1717. He m. for his 2nd wife 
Hannah Endccott, Nov. M, 17 17, and d. soon after. His wife administered 
on the estate, prized at £1221. He had the following children all by 
his first wife ; 

55—1 Eb'sabeth, b. June C, liV.19, d. young. 

r>o— 2 John, b. June 1,1701. 

57—3 Geor-e, b. Sept. 7, 170;t, m. Alui^ail Fenno, Dec. 21, 1721. (23) 

5S — 1 Mary, b. Dec. 10, 17U.5, d. in uilancy. 

S'J— 5 M.iry, b. March H, 17US. 

GO— G Klisabeih, b. Feb. 23, 1711, m. Thomas Wyer, Jan. 27, 1729. 

(13) IV. Capt. Jose|)h Barrett, son of Dea. Humphrey Barrett, and a 
grandson of llum[)lirey Barrett, who came from Knglaiul to Concord al). 
IGIO, b. in Concord, .Tan. ."1, 1073, m. Rebecca Minot [31 — 1] Dec. 27, 
1701. He was a farmer and lived where Al)el 15. Haywood now [1817] 
lives. He d. April 1, 173'), a. 5S. She d. June 23, 1733, a. 53. Their 
children were 

Gl— 1 Mary, b. April G, 17nG, m. Dca. Geor^'e Farrar. (21) 

C2— 2 Joseph, b. Jan. 30, 1708, ni. and settled in Grafton, whore ho d. leaving 

two (laughters. 

C3— 3 Rebecca, b. July 12,1710. 

Gl — 1 l)li\er, 1). Jan. 12, 1712, m. Hannah Hunt, Dec. S, 173S. (2.'')) 

CO— 5 Humphrey, h. Oct. 21, 171.'}, in. KlliaI.eth Adams, Dec. '.t, 1712. (2i') 

CG—G Elisabeth, b. Jan. 'J, 1 717, m. Col. Charles I'rescott. ('^7) 

C7— 7 John, b. Feb. 1 I, 1720, m. Lois Brooks, Nov. lo, 1711. f2'<) 

OS- 8 Samuel, b. July S, 1725, d. Jan. 172S. 

(14) IV. Capt. lieiijamin Barrett, brotlicr of the preceding, b. May 
7, IGSl, m. Lydia Minot [32 — 2] Jan. 3, 1705. He was a farmer, and 
lived in Concord, where James Barrett now (1317) lives, and where 
lie d. of the pleurisy fever, Oct. 23, 172^, a. 17. His widow m. Samuel 
Stow. Mr. Barrett had the following eiiildrcn; 

GO — 1 T^enjnmin, b. Nov. LI, 1705, m. Rebecca Jones. (22) 
70 — 2 Tl(Oiuas, b. llct. 'J. 1707, in. M.iry Jones. (3o) 

71— 3 James, b.July 31, 1 710, m. R.-becca Hubb.ird, Dec. 21, 1 7;; ?. (31) 
72—1 Lydia, b. Au^'. 2, 1712, ni. Dea. .S.uie.iel Farrar, J:in. il, 17:!2. (.Vl) 
73 — 5 Rebecca, b. .^Llr(•h 2'.), 1711, m. Eln.Uliaa Jones, J.m. 31,1732. She d. 

Feb. S, 1733, without issue. 



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17G . . Genealogies. [April, 

71— C Timotliy, b. Jan. 13, 1710, ni. wi>lo\v Dinah Wilt, lived in Paiton, was a 
(loacoii, haJ one dau., I'l'ihis, 1). \W>. :i, 17,VJ, who lu. Ilhamer Bii,'elo\¥ of 
Shrewshiuy, Feb. pj, 17.VJ, liad 7 cliildreii. Mrs. Barrett d. ah. 17.01. He 
Avas al'lerwiirds twice in. hut had no other children. He d. Jan.-l, IhOO, a. h'i. 

75 — 7 Mary, b. Dec. 21, 1717, d. without i.ssue. 

70—8 Stephen, b. April 18, 17.'0, m. Elisabeth Hubbard, tlier^ widow Howe of Con- 
cord, and bettled in ra.Kloa. He leli 3 sons and 1 dauj,'hler; Stephen, Israel, 
Beiijainiii, and Lydia. The sons removed to Wlulestown near Ltica, N. Y., 
all married and liad faniiliov The dau. rii. Israel Stone of Portland, aiid 
went lo Ohio. She had a huge family. 

(15) IV. Rev. Timothy I\Iinot [31 — 1] gr. II. C 17 IS. m. 1. :\Tary 
Brook.s, who d. Feb. 15, 17GU, a. Gl, and "her name," says the record 
of her death, "is like precious ointment." His 2nd wife was widow 
Beuhih Brown of Siidbiiry, who d. April 13, 17S(j, :>. 'J2. He d. Nov. 
30, 1778, a, 8G. A biographical notice of this distinguished man is giv- 
en in Shattuck's History of Concord, p. 211. lie gr. II. C. 1718. His 
children were 



77—1 Timothy, b. April, 8, 1720. m. .>fary Martin. (33) 
7S— 2 .Mary, b. IK'C. 27,1730, 



.. _,, _., m. Tillv Merrick, July 30, 17r.2. (34) 

70—3 Stephen, b. Jan. 30, 1732, ^t. H. C. 17.J1, was ahout to settle as a minister at 
Portland, but d. Sept. 3, U.Vj, a. 27. 

(IG) IV. Hon. James Minot [35—5] d. in Concord, Feb. C, 1759, a. 
Gl. He m. 1. Martha Lane of Bdlerica, Nov. M, 1710. She d. Jan. 
18, 1735, a. 40. He m. 2. Eli:>abctli Merrick of Brookfield, in 173G. 
She d. Jan. 2G, 17 IG. He m. a third wife, but her name is not record- 
ed. The following epitaph is copied from his gravestone in the " Hill 
Burying-Ground," m Concord; and tradition awards to liim all the 
praise it jiays to his distinguished character. He held a military com- 
mission thirty years. 

Here lye the remains of Col. James Minott 
Esi^'- who departed this life Feb. 0, 1709 
in the O.'jth year of his age. He was of 
Hon'. Descent, early impioved i* advanced 
in Civil and Military Aliairs. Divers years 
" ■> Represented this Town at the General Court 

" was a Justice of the I'eace, and one of the Hon. 

His Majesties Council for many years, which 
Ollices he Sustained until his death. 
■^, , ■ ; In all which Stations and relations of life he 

behaved as the Chiistian, the Patriot, and the 
bene\olent friend, and as he nierriled so he 
was much loved and honored in his life 
;. ■ and Lamented at his death. 

Memento mori. 
' From death's arrest no age is free.' 

The following were the children of Hon. James Minot, the first three 
by his first, and the last two by his second wife ; 

so— 1 John, b. Aug. 31,1717, m. Sarah Stow, Jan. 2i), 17.11. (3-5) 

81- 2 Rebecca, b. May 15, 1720, m. Benjamin Prescott, Aug. 12, 1741. (30) 

82— 3 James, b. Jan. 20, 1720, m. (37) 

S3 — 1 Martha, b. Feb. 1, 173S, m. Rev. Josiah Sherman, Jan. 21, 17r.7. (3S) 

81—5 Kphraim, b. June 17, 17 12, m. Abigail Prescott, Sept. 25, 1701. [.VJ) 

(17) IV. Capt. Daniel Adams lived in the south part of Lincoln, 
then within the limits of Concord, on the road from Waltham to Stow, 
where he d. Feb. D, M^Q, a. '.H). He was the son of Joscjih, and 
grandson of John Adams, one of the eight sous of Henry of Ciuiney. 
He m. l-:iisal)eth INIinot, [3G— G] April 23, 1715. She d. Nov. 12, 17G1, 
a. G7. They had the following children; 



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1S47.] The Minot Familij. :• 177 

^5—1 Daniel, b. Oct. 1 r;, 17'20. m. Kcziah Brooks and two others. (10) 

Sii— a Klisal.cth.b. Oct. 1, i:.'-', m. Humphrey Barrett, Dec. 'J, 1710. {'A) 

87— :j Joseph, h. Oct. f., 17J1, in. Mary Kvcleth of Stow, HI-;. (11) 

SS— t JJeliecca, b. Sept. 2, 17J7, m. Nathan Ilrowri, Miirch 10, 17 17. ( fJ) 
8'J— .G James, b. March 1'.', 17:i'J, rti. 1. Ki;/iah Conant— 'J. Delia Adams. [U) 
00— <3 Lydia, b. Sept. 1 , 1 7:).7, m. Abel Miles, Feb. 2G, 17.7';. (1-1) 

Kl— 7 Martha, b. Ai)iil i:i, 17:}S, rii. Joseph \Vellin{,'ton, April 1,1700. 
OJ— S :^lary, b. May IS, 1730, m. 1. Teler Hubbard— 2. Capt. Timothy Wheeler, 

who had Marlha, m. Joel Dix, who died in Boston in 1S.'17, Josejili, and 
perhaps others. He was captain of the militia in Concord on April IV, 
177,3. See Hist, of Concord, p. 1U7. 

These inJividimls ImJ G9 children, averaging eight and Ave eigliths 
each. 

(18) IV. John Adams, a hrotlior of the above, hved near the centre 
of Lincohi, where lie d. Oct. 'lo, l72o, a. 23. He wt^s buried in " lliird 
Burying-Groiind" in Concord, lie married Love Minot, [3S — &] sister 
to his brother's wife. Tliey had two children. 

93—1 John, b. Nov. 11, 172^, m. Lucy Hubbard, Dec. 12, 1710. (l.".) 
91 — 2 Lucy, b. Jan. 23, 1725, ni. Kcv. \Vm. Lawrence of Lincoln. (4o) 

(19) IV. Capt. Samuel Dakin wash, in Concord and lived in Sudbury. 
He went as commander of a military company, commissioned by Gov- 
ernor Pownall, and was slain in a battle with the French and Indians 
at Half Way Brook, near Lake George, .Tuly 20, 1753. He m. Mercy 
Minot, [39— 9j Dec. 13, 1732. Their children were 

95—1 Oliver, b. :March 30, 1727. 

90— 2 iSIercy, b. Sept. 12, 1722, d. young. 

97—3 Samuel, b. May 17, 1731. 

9S — 1 Amos, b. Jan. 22,1732. 

99— .O Mercy, b. April 24,1733. 
100— (} Elisabeth, b. Aug. 9, 1731. 

101—7 Beulah, b. .March 22, 1737, in. Thomas Baker, Jan. K'i, 1755. 
102— 8 Timothy, b. June 7,1737. 
103— 9 Hannah, b. Aug. 2S, 1739. 
101-10 Mary, b. Aug. 1711. 

105-11 Samuel, \ ? b. June 21, 1711, m. I. Ann Wheeler, 2. Mehetabel . 

lOG-12 



li 



(20) IV. Dea. Samuel Minot [10—10] was a deacon in the Con- 
cord church, where he d. IMarch 17, 17GG. He m, 1. Sarah Prescott 
of Westford, March 7, 1732, who d. in childbirth, March 22, 1737, a. 
21, having had three children. He m. 2. Dorcas Prescott, sister of his 
first wife, in 173S. She d. June IG, 1S03, a. 91. They had the following 
children ; 

107—1 Samuel, b. Dec. 23, 1732, m. Elisabeth Davis, lived in Boston, had 

several children, all of whom d. young except Joanna. 
lOS— 2 .Jonas, b. April 2.5, 1735, m. Mary Hall of Westford. (17) 

109—3 Sarah Thankful, b, March 1, 1737, m. Dea. Ama Dakin of Mason, N. H. 
110—4 Dorcas Prescott, b. .March 21, 1739, m. Thomas Barrett, Jr., Jan. 15, 17G1. 
Ill — 5 ileorge, b. Oct. 23, 1741, ni. three wives by the name of Barrett. (48) 

112—6 Rebecca, b. Jan. 11, 17 1 1, m. Charles Barrett of New Ipswich, 1799. 

113—7 Daniel, b. Aug. 29, 17 IS, d, Dec. 20, 17,73, a. 5. 

111—8 Mary, b. Oct. 5, 1755, m. Elnalhan Jones. 

(21) IV. Stephen I\Iinot [12—2] lived in Boston. He m. for his 
first wife Sarah, eldest daughter of Col. Francis Wainwright. They 
lived together ten months, when she d., Oct. 21, 1711, in cliildbirth, 
leaving one child, Steplicn. He m. for Ins second wife, I\Iary, daugh- 
ter of Capt. John Brown of JMarblchead, Jan. 1, 1713. They had the 
following children; 



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173 . JDiog-raphical Nuliccs of [April; 

lin— 1 Stephen, 1). Sopt. 21, 1711, m. S.nuh Claik, June 10, 17M. ()',') 

lit;— -2 Joiiii, b. ni-', (1. in inr.iiK.-y. 

117 — .'J John, b. 1711, d. in infuncy. ■• 

lis— t John, b. 1711',. 

110— r, iMary, b. Jfay 2S, 1718. . -■ ■ . . 

120—0 'William, b. 17-20. 

121—7 Klisaheth, b. June, 17-J2. 

IJJ— S Mehctaliel.b. 1721. m. "Walter Logan, Esq., an oiru-er of the Cus- 

toms of Boston. He d. in Glas^'ow in Scotland, Nov. 10, ITSS. 

123—0 Jane, b. Sept. 11, 1720, m. Capt. Nathaniel Williams of Uoxbury. He 

(1. 1771. They lu\d one cliihl, who d. in infancy. She m. ajjuin Elisha 
lirewster, merchant of Middleton, Ct., in 177b. 

121-10 George, b. 172^, d. in infancy. 

r2.>-ll Geor-e, b. 1730, gr. H. C. in 17G2. 

12G-12 Sarah, b. 1732. 

(22) IV. Jonathan Minot [51 — 1] lived in Westforcl, where he d. 
He m. Eli.sabcth Stratton of Concord, Jan. 2G, 1711, by whom he had 
cliildren. 

127— 1 Samuel, b. Sept. 10, 1711, m. Elisabeth . 

12S— 2 Elisabeth, b. Jan. 30,1717. . . ■ 

IJO— 3 Rebecca, b. April -, 1719. 

130 — 1 Jonathan, b. Jan. 10, 1723, m. Esther Proctor of Chelmsford. (5u) 

131—5 Anna, b. Sept. 13, 1725. 

132— G Jolin, b. Dec. lo, 173U. 

(To be coniiiiLied.) 



BIOGRAPHICAL NOTICES OF DECEASED rilYSICIANS 
IN MASSACHUSETTS. 

B Y E B E N E Z E It, A L D E N , M . D . ■ ■ ' ■ • 

(Cuiiliuued from page 01.) 
IV.— DR. IIENIIY WELLS OF MONTAGUE. 

Few phy^^ieia^s have enjoyed a more enviable reputation than 
the subject of thi.s Notice, lie was the personal friend of Professor 
Nathan Smith of Dartmouth College, who was accu.-tomed to 
speak of him in terms of the highest respect, and not unlrequently 
to allude, in his lectures, to his medical opinions and modes of 
practice. 

Although Dr. Wells was in the habit of keeping a record of his 
more imi)ortant cases, and of his views on medical subjects, he 
published but little, and his papers having become by an unlortunate _ 
accident a prey to the devouring element, materials are wanting 
from which to prepare a notice adapted to do full justice to his 
merits. 

Soon after his death, Hev. Samuel Willard, D. D., of Deerfield, 
published in the Franklin Herald a brief but very just obituary 
notice of him; and more recently Dr. AVilliams has prepared a 
memoir, which has been transferred to his Medical Biography, 
from his address before the IMassachusetls Medical Society. 

From these sources principally, the following facls have been 
obtained. 



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1S47.] Deceased P/tijsu-ians in Massachusetts. 179 

Dr. Wells was born i.i New York, in 171:?; studied medicine 
partly under the direction of 1>. ITuU at T.cbanon, Ct., and eorn- 
pletedhis niedical studies in New York, luivin- made Iiim.^elf well 
acquainted with medical science. 

At •he age of twenty-one, he commenced the practice of his 
prolession m New York, an<l according to the custom ol' that day, 
had under his charge an apothecary's shop. After a short re/i! 
dcnce there, he removed to Hrallleborough, Vt., where he continued 
eigiitccn years, and acquired an extensive practice and hi'^h renu- 
tation. ^ -^ ^ 

In the year 17S2 he removed to Arontague, with a view of ob- 
lammg a more central situation as to his business, aud, perhaps, to 
dimmisji somewhat his labors in advanein<- life. 

In 17S5 he was elected a Fellow of the Massachusetts IMedical 
Society; and Dr. Williams stales, that in lS0t3 he received the 
honorary degree of M ]). from Dartmouth College, which may be 
a mistake, as his name does not appear in the Triennial Catalo-ue. 
hi his profession, Dr. ^Vells attained the most distinguished rmik. 
ills natural powers were good; his medical reading extensive 
and judicious; his application methodieal and patient. His emi- 
ncnt skill, however, in the management of disease, was derived 
c uelly from his own observation and experience. Possessing a 
clear and discriminating mind and an accurate judgment, his inac- 
tical deductions were remarkaljlv just. In dilllcult cases, his ad- 
vice was inueh sought and highly appreciated. Punctual in his 
protessional engagements, courteous in his manners, modest and 
unassuming m his intercourse with his medical brethren, he was 
highly respecteil by the i)rofessiou and the public. 
^ As a man, he was much beloved. He professed a firm l)elief 
m the gospel, and was much attaclicd to the moral and reli'^ious 
institutions of his country. He was a pattern of temperance^ his 
g<meraj influence was salutary; and his example such as might be 
salely imitated. ^ 

He was a kind husband and father. He was not exempt from 
domestic aflliction, three of his children being deaf mutes 

In thehuier years of his life, he sulFered much from disease, 
w ueti lie bore with exemplary resignation, and, havin- ixissed the 
allotted period of human life, died August 2-J, 1S14, at the a<^e of 
/^; leaving behind him that l>viu/ mime which is belter than'^pre- 
ciuus ouitmettt. 

v.- Dr.. GIMDLEY TIIAXTKR OF ABINGTON. 

lie was a native of Ilingham; born in 17 ".G ; studied medicine 
with his brother, Dr. Thomas Thaxter of Tlin-ham ; and was a 
surgeon on board some armed vessels during the J^-volutionary 
war. ^ •' 

About the year 17S0, he settled in Al.in-ion, and as a nhv--^ieian 
ior more than half a century enjoyed a'v.ry extensive praeliee. 
iic probably rode more miles, and visited moiv paiimls, than any 
olhjr physician who ever resided in the couniv of Plvmouth 






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lie rctiiiiied his faciillii'S in very vigorous exercise until within 
a few years of his ik'uth, wiien he became sui)cranniiatcil, and 
sufU'red under alienation of inind, probably in con.sctpience of 
bodily injury occasioned l)y a fall. 

lie was remarkable for his iron constitution and power of en- 
durance. He rarely used a carriage in making his professional 
visits, preferring to ride on liorseback as long as he was able to 
attend to business. 

In his hal)its lie was frugal and temperate, never using distilled 
rujuors, not merely from choice, but from necessity, they being ex- 
tremely olTensive and odious to him. 

lie was much beloved by his j)atients; was an estimable citizen, 
and worthy man. Ilis j)rofessional charges were moderate, espec- 
ially for attendance on persons in straitened circumstances. 

He was a ])leasant companion ; a kind father, ami last friend. 

His iirst wife was the daughter of Gen. Benjamin Lincoln of 
Hingham, by whom he had a numerous family. 

Kzekiel Thaxter, .M. D., (H. C, 1^12,) now resident in Abington, 
is his son. 

He died Feb. 10, 18-13, aged SO. 

VI.— DR. EZEKIEL 1J0DG1-: CUSIIING, OF IIANOVEK. 

Dr. Gushing, a classmate and personal friend of the writer, was 
descended from 

1. Mathew Gushing, a son of Peter Gushing of Norfolk, Eng., 
who was born in 15SS, and in IGoS came to Boston, in the sliip 
Hiligent, with his wife and five children; namely, Daniel, Jeremiah, 
Matthew, Deborah, and John'. Tli(;y settled at Hingham in the 
autumn of that year. Matthew Gushing died at Hingham in 
IGGO ; his widow survived to 16S1, aged OG. 

2. John Gushing^ was born in England, in 1G27, married Sarah, 
daughter of Nieliolas Jacolj, and settled in Seituate. He \\'as many 
years a deputy in the Golony Court, and Representative to the Gourt 
at l^oston afli'r the Golonies were united, in lG9'-2 and several suc- 
ceeding years. He died 170^, and his wife in 1G78. 

3. John Gushing\ son of the above, was born 1G62, and died 
1737. He was Ghief-Justiee of the Inferior Court of Plymouth, 
from 1710 to 17:28 ; and Judge of the Supreme Court, from 1728 
to the time of his decease. John Cotton says, " he was the life and 
soul of the Court." He married Deborah I^oring of Hull, in 1G87, 
who died 1713. Their cliildren were Sarah, Deborah, John, Elijah\ 
Mary, Na/areth, Bt^ijamin, Nathaniel. 

4. Elijah Gushing', settled in Pembroke, and married Elisabeth 
Barker, 1721. They iiad sons, Elijah, Nalhnnicl', Joseph, (H. G., 
175'2,) and daughters, Mary, wife of Gen. Henjamin Lincoln, Debo- 
rali, wife of lli-v. Dr. Simle, and I'ilisabelh, wife of Major Gush- 
ing, all of Hingham. 

a. Nathaniel Gushing' had sons, Na/haniel'^, Benjamin, and 
Charles. 



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1847.] Deceased Phi/sicians in Massachusetts. 181 

6. Xatlmniol Cashing^, Esq., father of the subject of this Notice 
resided at Pembroke, now Hanson; married Mary, dan^hler of 
Kev. KzekicI Dodge of Abington, who graduated at IT C 17-49 
and died 1770, aged 4^. 'J'heir children were Ezckiel jjod^r/ 
.Alehelabel, Lucy, Creorge, and J>:iijah. '" ' 

7. E/ekiel Dodge Gushing', was born in 1700; graduated at 
Harvard LniversHy, in 1 SOS ; commenced the study of medicine 
under the tuition of Dr. CJad Hitchcock, of his naliVe town ; and 
alter one year, became a pupil of Dr. Nathan Smith, Professor in 
the Medical School of Dartmouth College, where he received the 
degree of Bachelor in Medicine, in l!^!!. 

Jlis education Avas extended by attendance on the IJo-^pitala 
and Lectures in i'hiladelphia. He then visited London and Paris- 
HI the former city, acting as a dresser in St. Thomas' HospiiaL 
Nv ule atlendmg the Lectures of Abernelhy, Sir Astley Cooper, and 
others; and m the latter, was present when it was occupied by the 
allies, witnessing daily in the crowded hosj)iials a most extensive 
surgical jiractice. 

Thus I'urnished for the practical duties of his profession, he re- 
turned to his native country and settled in l^oston, where' he ac- 
quired the reputation of an able and successful physician and ob- 
tained a respectable circle of business. 

Alter a few years, jjcrhaps being loo impatient " to bide his time," 
ano desirous ot jjursuing a more active life, he removed to Hano- 
ver, where his services were much sought, and highly appreciated 
in a widely extended circle. He was . lre(p,eiitly called to advise 
with his prolessional brethren in cases of diJlicully, and to them as 
^vel as to his employers, his opinions gave great satisfaction. It 
could not well be otherwise, for he possessed eminent skill and 
tact m his profession, and with it that urbanity and kindness of 
manner, which secured the confidence of all with whom he had 
intercourse. 

Just as his reputation had l^ecome established, and when his 
prospects for long life and extended usefulness appeared most fair, 
he was smitten with disease, appearing first in the form of an 
epileptic aflection, and then of partial paralysis, which issued in an 
entire loss ol tone m the digestive organs, and ultimately termi- 
nated m his death, on the fifth of April, 1S:2S, at the age of ''^^^S. 

Thus died an amiable man and accomplished phpician. Pos- 
sessing naturally a vigorous constitution, he probabl'y in early life 
exposed himself to unnecessary dangers; and when disease 
lastcned upon Imn its iron grasp, relying too much on his lormer 
experience he filled to exercise that care in his own case, which 
he would have recommended to others in like circum-^tance< His 
memory will be cherished by all who knew him, and his virtues 
may well be emulated by every aspirant to hcne.t fame, in the 
profession ol which he was an ornament. 

He married Delia Sawyer, daughter of Cap!. Sawyer of 

Loslon, and left seven chiKhvn ; all of whom, except twJ who 



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1S:2 ,,;' ( ,. Sketches of AIi(mni " [April, 

died young, Avidi their widowed mcjlln'r .'^urvive to inourii his early 
dealh'. 

Tho following lines of his I-lpitaph, wrillcn by one who knew 
him well, are remarkably just. 

" Where'er the scones of woe ^vere laid, 

His iiu-seiici; hrightencd hope and health ; 
• •"'■ ' '■ '^ Enou!,'h for him that duty liade, 

Without the li)w of sordid wealth." 

See Ili.-tory of Seituate, and a Dissertation of Cleorge C. Shat- 
tuclc, M. !)., in the Communieations of the JMassachusetts Medical 
h^ueietv, ^ ol. IV. 



SKETCHES OF ALUMNI AT THE DIFFERENT COLLEGES 
\ . , IN NE\V ENGLAND. 

" ' • REV. ETHAN SMITH OF BOYLSTON, MS. " , 

Ethax S.mitu was born in Jjelchcrtown, jMs., Dec. 19, 17C2, 
and while young, was a soldier for one summer in the Revolution' 
ary war, and was at West Point wdien the traitor Arnold sold tha! 
fortress to the Dritish. Having attended to the preparatory studieg, 
he entered Dartmouth College in 17SG, and graduated in 1790. 
Soon after taking his degree, Mr. Smith was licensed to ])reaeh, 
and spent the first Sabbath of October, 1790, at ITaverhill, N. II., 
where he was lirst settled in the ministry. In about a year from 
that time, he was married to Bathsheba Sandford, second daughter 
of Ilev. David Sandford, of INIedway, ]Ms. lie remained at Haver- 
hill nine years, and was then dismissed for want of support. lie 
was installed in the ministry at Ilopkinton, N. H., Alarch 12, 
ISOO, and continued there about eighteen years, during sixteen of 
which he was Secretary of the New llanipshire jNIissionary Society. 
He was afterwards settled at Hebron, N. Y., about four years ; at 
Poultney, Vt., about five years; at Hanover, Ms., a number of 
years; and then spent a season as a city missionary in I^oston 
Occasionally, he has since preached as a supply, but has now retir- 
ed I'roni the labors of the ministry, and resides wdth liis children. 
Mr. Smith has always been a laborious, and, in many respects, a 
very successful minister of Christ. His ])ublications are as fol- 
lows ; namely, 1. A Dissertation on the Prophecies, 2 editions; 2. 
A View of the Trinity, 2 editions; 3. A View' of the Hebrews, 
2 editions; 4. Lectures on the Subjects and ^lode of ]>aptism, 2 
editions; 5. A Key to the Figurative Language of the Bible; G. 
Memoirs of Mrs. Abigail Bailey; 7. A Key to the Revelation, 2 
editions ; 8. Prophetic Oitechism ; 9. Two Sermons on Ispiscopa- 
cy; 10. P'arewell Sermon at Haverhill, N. H. ; 11. P'irst Sermon 
after Installation at Ilopkinton ; 12. Two Sermons on the Vain 
Excuses of Sinners, preached at AVashington, N. II.; 13. Sermon 
on the IMoral Perfection of CJod, preached at Ncwburyport, Ms.; 



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1S17.J at the <UjJ-crcnt CoUe^rs in Nnr rni^hnul ' 163 

tion of Rev. llarvoy Smith, at Wevb;.id^: v;;""^ '' '''' '''''''■ 

namely, JosepI, Srniih removed IVom Weihcrsfield Tt , 7r V 
lev, Ms., about file year I(;-,0 ir. ) V ^"'"^•-"^'^l' '-''•) ''^ Jiad- 

SKI, d:,„j,„;, .„ „.,',.■,';;,;,;;;;„;■,■:; Si;;;;,;t.:" ,;,;;;; 

by her six sons and three daiKdii...-^ U . ^ ^'^' '-^'^^'^ ^i., antl had 

1?..,. 'PI 1-1 -)^-'M ''^iiiiLr oi Jie\. Asa r>mi h of Vn-"- n a nurl 
Ke\. Iheopluha.s Smith of New C'anaan Ct • ^;i.;i v V , 

we o Rev p'lt'lT' "^ Leominster, Ms, and of Miranda 
^,1^,"' itcv 1 Jjelden oi Amherst, Ms.; William and To^iih • 

mIv 2(3, 18^7 -^'^^''■^"«''' '^^^'^'-^^ «J'^^ ^Hed, at the ago of 101 years, 

T?nS'".' "'? ''^'•'^^"''^^ ^"1>i^^^-t of this Sketeh, married, as <latcd 
Bath.heba_, daug ter ol the late Rev. David Sanford o Medwa ' 

o Kinion, JNUI -ladnatedal Union Colle-e, and is now nasfor 

^ f^ of S^^^r^M "' in Mas.il,on, Ohio; (.raee Tickle h!^ 

01 Ivcv.Job Jl. Marlm,diedin Jlaverhill, IMs., 1^10; Sarah 






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18-1 , Shctchcs of Alnmni >. [April, 

Tt)\vnc, 2n(l wife of Rev. J. II. Martin of New York; Harriet, 
wife of Rev, ^V'illianl H. Saiiford of IJoylstoii, Ms.; and I'^IIcn, 
wife of C. B. Scdi^'cwick, Iv^tj., of SyracuHC, died May X?3, IblG, 

The wife of Mr. Smith died in Pornpey, N. Y., April 5, 1835, 
aged G 1 ; he is still living. 

REV. ASA ]IA\D OF PETERISOROUGII, N. Y. 

Asa Raxd was born at Rindge, N. II., August 6, 17S3, being the 
youngest son and ninth child of Col. Daniel and Mrs. Susanna 
Rand. Daniel Rand was the eldest son of Solomon Rand, of 
Shrewsbury, Ms., who married a daughter of the Rev. Mr. Dodge of 
Abington, Ms. Solomon's father also resided in Slirewsburv, and 
married a daughter of Capt. Keyes of that place ; who, in the early 
settlement of the town, lost his unfinished house by fire, when his 
two sons, a hired man, and a journeyman joiner perished in the 
/lames. INIrs. Susanna Rand was the only daughter of Daniel 
Hemmenway, also of Shrewsbury. Col. Rand was one of the 
early settlers of the town of Rindge, where he ever resided after 
his marriage, in 17(37. He died in ISll, aged 69. The ancestors 
of both the parents of the suljject of this Sketch, it is believed, were 
emigrants from England ; but their genealogy we can trace no far- 
ther back with certainly. 

After enjoying the usual advantages of a common school, IMr. 
Rand prepared for college princij)ally at Chesterfield Academy, 
New Hampshire, under the instruction of Hon. Levi Jackson. He 
entered the Sophomore Class in September, 1S03, and was gradu- 
ated at Dartmouth College, in 1S06. After leaving college, he 
taught the children of the Hon. Elijah Paine and a few others, at 
Williamslown, Vt., about nine months ; studied theology with 
Rev. Dr. Burton of Thetford, seven months ; and in January, I'^OS, 
received the ajiprobaiion of an association as a preacher of the gospel. 

He preached several months in ISO*^ to the Congregational 
church and society in Clorham, Me., which were in a state of seri- 
ous and alarming division. Having received a unanimous invita- 
tion from both, he was ordained their minister Jan. 18, 1809; where 
he was favored with a prosperous and happy ministry during 
thirteen years. His health, however, was precarious for the greater 
part of th;it time, and in June, 18:22, he resigned the charge of an 
aflectionate and united people to a successor, believing thai his 
work as a public speaker was done. 

In August, 1822, he took the editorial charge of the Christian 
Mirror, on its first establishment at Portland, Me., Mr. Arthur Shirley 
being proprietor and publisher. In July, 1825, finding his health 
still sulfering on the sea-coast, he removed to the interior of Massa- 
chusetts, and took charge of the new Female Seminary at Brook- 
field. 

In July, 182G, he succeeded Gerard Halloek, as co-editor and co- 
proprietor with Nathaniel Willis, of the Boston Recorder ; Dea. 
Willis having the charge of the printing and publishing, and Mr. 



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1S17.] at Ihc (Viffrrcnt Cul/ro-rs In Xcv: Kiiishnid. 185 

Rand of the cdilorial dejiartinonl. He was al.-o aclin^-ccliior of 
tlic Youth's Companion aiitl lAliicaiioti Rcjjorlcr, ]nihli.^hr(] by the 
same company ; each hcini,^ the earliest jiaper of its kiiKl c-tab- 
lished in the cunnlry. On leaving the Recorrier, in l"^"]!, .ATr. i^and 
continued the Reporter till it was transferred to AVilliam C. Wood- 
bridge and united with the Amuils of Education. lie was also 
publisher and ])rin(lpal c-(.)nduct()r of the Voliuiteer, a njonthly 
religious rnaga/inc; ; wliieh, at the end of two years, was unitetl 
with the I'jvangeliea! Maga/iue, at Hartford, Ct. 

In Ai)ril, l^'So, Mr. Rand removed to Lowell ; where lie had a 
connection with a bookstore and [)riniing olllce, and the publication 
of the Lowell Obsi'rver, a weikly reliifions pajier, which was sub- 
se(pienily translerred to ]Mr. Rorl'/r. publishi-r of the N. E. Spe<-tator 
at Roston. 

On the restoration of his health, lie returned in I'^O-J to his chos- 
en em[)loyment of public preac-hing. JL- lectured in tlie employ- 
ment of anti-slavery soc-ioties in Cumlierland county, Maiiie, and 
the eoiuilies of ITam[)sh;re and Hampden, Massaehus^'tts. From 
September, l^'o?, h.e minister(nl lo tl;e Congregational church iu 
Pompey, N. Y., five years; and is now preaching to the Presbyte- 
rian church in Peterboro, Madison Co., N. Y. 

Mr. Rand was married in November, IS 13, to Grata Payson, 
eldest daughter of Rev. Seth Payson, 1). D., of Rindge ; who died 
suddenly at Gorliam, April :29, iSiS, Feb. S, 1S:20, he was married 
to Clarissa Thorndike, daughtc-r of Nicholas Thorndike, Esq., of 
Beverly, Ms.; who died at Portland, July 7, i'^'Z'). July G, 1826, 
he married Mary Coolidge. widow of Elisha Coolidge, merchant, 
of Roslon, and daughter of Rev. John Cushing. 1). 1)., of Ash- 
burnham, Ms. His third wife is still living ; also her only son by 
her first luisbtuid, Elislia T. Coolidge, of Cincinnati, O. 

The cliildren of Mr. Rand's first wife were three; namely, a son, 
wlio died on the day of his birth ; Harriet Newell, wIk) unil(>d with 
the church in Lowell, was principal of the femalo department iu 
Pompey Academy several years, became, in .January, l^>-il, the sec- 
ond wile of Rev. Russell S. Cook, one of the Secretaries ol the Am. 
Tract Society at New York, and died suddenly in February, 1643 ; 
William Wilberloree, who was educated at the Pablic Latin 
School in lioston, Rowdoin College, and Bangor Theological 
Seminary. He was four years jiastor of the Reformed Dutch 
Church at Canastota, Madison Co., N. Y., and is now preaching 
in jNIaine. He married l\Irn-cia S. Dunning, of Brunswick, Me. ; 
of whom, with her two children, it has pleased God to i)ereave him. 

By his second wife Mr. Rand had also three children, who are 
all living. 'J'horndike is a clerk in the Sull'olk bank, Iioston, and 
married Hannah P. Nourse of Beverly. Charles Asa is clerk in a 
book'store at St. Louis, ^lo. Anna 'J'horndike is the wife of John 
F. Noiu'se, l^rineipal of Beverly Academy. 

While Mr. Kand resid<'d ;u (iorliam. a (|narterly religions Maga- 
x/uk; was published at Torlland. ol wiru h David 'J'hurston, J-lihvard 
J2 



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ISO .:' .' ■ SJaldK.'i (if Ahimni ' [April, 

Pay-^oii, Asa Rand, anil Fianci- Drown were joint couckiclors. In 
the "(lav of small lllini^•^ '' ainoii^^ llic clmrchr.-, of .Maine, it did 
good. It was ])nl)lislicd li\-c ycai's, I'rom l^^l I to J'^J.^, influ:<ive. 

'J'lic ])iil)licaiions of Mr. Hand arc, a Sermon \o Children ; a Scr- 
!non at ilie ()r(lination o!' Pu-v. I'^raneis ]5i-own at X(*rlh Yarnionlii, 
Jan. II, HIO; a Sermon hefore the Maine Missionary Society, 1S15 ; 
two Sermons on C'lirisiian Fellowshij) ; " A AVord in Season in 
l)cliall" of the Holy Scriptnri.'s," (reviewing Ci,nala'r i)rinciples ;) a 
pamphlet on the Controversies in the V\x~\ Church of North Yar- 
monlh : a volume entitled " h'amiliar Sermons"'; a review of l-'in- 
ney's Sta'mon on making a New Ih'art, enlitled '• New l)ivinity 
tried": a '' ^'indication of the same, in rejjly to .Rev. Dr. Wisncr"; 
and a " JjCtier to Plcv. Dr. Bei'cher, in relation to his ministerial 
ourse in Poslon." .: • • ■ 

.. ■ . ; HON. OLIVER Wr;XJ)I:;LI. 01'^ BO.STON. 

Omvki{ Wkxdki.i. was born in Jxiston, March O, 1731}, [N. S.] 
His father, lion. .Jacol) ^Vendell, was born in Albany in IGOl, and 
was a descendant of the fust of the name and family in An:ierica, 
that has been transuiitted to us. levari Janson ^^'endell came 
from ]-hiilKlen"-^' to the New Netherlands wheii possessed by ihe 
Dntch, and settled at Beverwyclc, t!ie site of Fort Orange, afterward 
called Albany, on Hudson river, 'i'he arms of the family were 
painted on nine panes of glass in the east window of the ancient 
church in Albany; namely, a ship ridijig at her two anchors. Dy 
an engraved copy of these arms, in i)ossession of the family, it ap- 
pears that Evart Janson Wendell was an oilleer in that church the 
same year in v. Inch New Amsterdam, afterwards called New York, 
was laid out in small streets eight years before the Dutch garri- 
son at Fort Orange cajMtulated to the; English. The inscription is, 
Jlr<^-cnii/!o .Dij(i/,i/i, IG-'iG. 

J'iVart J. was the father of John, who was the father of Jacob. 
This grandson of Evart J., the huher of Oliver, was j)laccd, while in 
his minority, under the care of ]Mr. John .Alico, an eminent merchant 
in Doston, and was trained up to mercantile business. He after- 
wart.!- Ijccame .-etilcd in Boston as a merchant, and was very pros- 
])erous. He was highly respected in the town and province ; and, 
among other ollices, was repeatedly employed by the government 
in the negotiation of treaties, antl exchange of prisoners, with the 
Indians. He married Sarah Oliver, the daughter of Dr. James 
Oliver of Cambridge, and lived in Scliool street, near the Ejmsco- 
pal church. He ])ossessed a handsome estate in Oliver street, 
where, after the destructive fire of ITbO, he built a brick house, 
(siill standing,) in which his son Oliver lived. Since the incor- 
poration of the city, a street leading from Oliver street, and j)ass- 
ing by this place, has beiai named Wendell street. Mr. W'ciidcU 

* ,'\ town of i,'reai coinmcrr;;!! iiii; oruiiice in I'lo L'utoli trade, furmerly Itcloiiijing lo tliu 
riiilcJ I'rovaiccs ol'l'.ic >,'ct!iLTl;uid-. 



1^17.] at /he dijj'crctit Collcij^xs in Xc in Englinid. 



]S7 



had several cliildrrii. His son Oliver, af'icr fiiiir^liing lii.T cdiiculiou 
at Harvard Colk'go, cnteix-d into uicrcaiitilc bur^iiiL'.ss widi hi- fa- 
dicr. from whose t,'Xj)erit'nc(j and counsels he may have derived Jio 
loss benelit, ijian Iroin his stock in trade. 

"SU. Wendell possessed a rare eonrliiiiation of lalenis and \irlues. 
alike adapted to the olliees e)!' pnl)lie and o\' private lile. .Mild in 
1ein]X'r, benevolent in dispt)silion, upriL^ht in principle, and resolale 
in action, he was conciliatory in address, and exemplary in lile; 
and uniformly had die esteem and eonlldence of his friends and ol 
the eommnnily. He was in the eonsullalions of the early patriots 
of the American Ke\'olution, and eiuilributed io the ac(.[uisition and 
maintenance of tht; liberty and ind/pendenee oi' the Commonweallh 
and country. Afler the C'onstitnlion wa- sellled. he was ollen a 
mimiber of llie S-aiate, and «if the Council, in the ii;overinnent of 
the Commonweallh. J)urin^ his public life, he was Judge of Pro- 
bate for the eountv of Snlloll^ ; I're.-ident of Cniiui Hank-; a I'cllow 
of the Corporation of ] [arvard College; President of the Society 
for propagating the (lo-pel among the Indians aiul odiers in \t)rlh 
America; and a 'i'rustee of Phillips Academy, And(.)ver. Retiring 
from the city, he spent several of his last years in Camt)ridge, where 
he died, January lo, 1SJ8, aged S-l. 

The cveni-ng of his days was serene and tranc[uil. Whih^ con- 
scious of uprightncs-J, he relied not on his integrity as meritorious, 
but founded his liopc of future happiness on the propitiation made 
for sin by Jesus Christ; this hope was a steadfast anchor to his 
soul. Religious contemplation, and dc'votlonal exercises, habitual 
to him in public and active lile, were cherished by him in seerei-y 
and the stillne.-s t)f reliremenl. Plasy and gentle, at la.-t, was his 
descent to the grave, and tlu^ o!)S(a"ver nught "see in what peace a 
Christian can die."' Jlis rcaiiains were depo-iled in the lamily 
tomb, in the Chapel burial-ground in Ijoston. 

To the public notice of his death was annexed the following 
sketch of his character, written in tlu> Council Chamber at the State 
House, on the reception of the intelligence ot" his death, by a highly 
respected friend,"'^ who, by long intercourse with him in public and 
private lif(>, was a com]K'lent judge of his character. '• In all rela- 
tions of life, as a man, citizen, and magistrate, Judck Wr.M)i:!,L was 
disiinguished for uncommon urbaniiv of manners, and unimpeach- 
ed integrity of conduct. Diuiitg the course of a long lile he had 
been successively calleil to fill manv high and responsible olliees. 
The punctuality and prt'ci-ion with which he fullilled all the duties 
connected with them, were highly t^xeiniilrry. V\\\\ of years, he 
has descendetl to the grave regretted and beloved by all who knew 
him; htippy in the consciousnt-ss of a lif'- v/ell spent, and rejoicing 
in the prospect of felicity in a future state, of which a lirm laiih in 
his Redeenier gave him the assurance." 

Judg(; AVendell married, in 17()"-?, Mary, a (hiughter of Ivhvard 
Jackson, who graduated at II. C. 17:2(1, married Dorothy Quincy, and 



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I'^S _, S/ittchcs of Alnunii [April, 

\v;is a incrclinnt of Bo.^lon. lit; was ilic son of Joiuillian, who was 
II braziiT and iiail-makL-r, and manicd .Mary Sailer, March :2G, 1700, 
livct] ill Buslou, and Irfi ;'ji c.<tat(; ol" alxjut C^JO.OOO. IIo was the 
son of Jonalhan, who manicd i'lli/abclh antl ^^L-ttk'd in Bos- 
ton, lie was l)orn in J-lnghmd, and was liii' son of l^dward, born 
in IC)0'2, who LMnigraled I'roin While Chapel, a ))arir,h in London, 
to this country about 10-1:2, took the freeman's oath, May, IGI-J, and 
in IGI'5 j)nrchased of Ciov. Bradstreel a farm of oOO acres of land 
in that j)arl of Cambridge v.diich is now Newton, for :C1-10. For 
his second wife he married March 14, 1()1^', J-ilisabeth Oliver, widow 
of Kcv. John Oliver, the llrsl minister of ilnrnney ^Marsh, (Chelsea,) 
and daughter of John Newgale of l^jston. lie was one of the 
most respectable men of the Colony, and was much engaged in 
pul)lic life. He died July 17, 1G81, aged 71). Judge Wendell liad 
several children, most of whom died young, Oliver and l-klward 
never married, and have deceased. Sarah married the Kev. ])r. 
Abiel Holmes of Cambridge, by whom she had five children; 
namely, Mary Jackson, who married Usher Parsons, M. D., of Prov- 
idence, R. I. ; Ann Susan, \\ ho married Rev. Charles W. Upham 
•of Salem; Sarah Lalhrop, who dieil J'^P^, aged G years; Oliver 
Wendell, M. D., of Boston, who marrii-d Amelia Lee Jackson, 
daughter of Hon. Charles Jackson of Boston ; and John, an Attor- 
ney at law, living in Cambridije. 

For the above lacts we are indebted principally to the late Rev. 
Dr. Holmes of Cambridge, and Francis Jackson, Esq., of Boston. 

HON. JONATHAN LAW, GOVl^RNOU OF CONNECTICUT. 

[The fuels in iliis Memoir were obuiineil ihrout'li the obliL'iiiij instrumentaliiy of Prof. 
Kiiii.>iey of Yiile College.] 

Jo.Nj.vTn.A.N L.\w, Governor of the Colony of Connecticut, de- 
scended from Richard Law, who came from England in the year 
IGIO, and was one of the first settlers in the town of Stamford, Ct., 
in IGU. He lefl one son, Richard, who afterwards moved to 
r^Iilford in that State, where his son Jonalhan, his only son and the 
subject of iliis Memoir, was born, Aug. G, 1G74. llis mother was 
Sarah, daughter of George Clark, Sen., a planter. He was educated 
at Harvard College, then the only Academical Institution in New 
England, and received his degree of Bachelor of Arts in 1G95. 
The law was the profession which he selected, and after passing 
through the course of studies usual at that period, he was admitted 
to the bar, and fixed his residences in his n-aiive town in KiOS. He 
soon became distinguished as a lawyer and an ailvoeate, and alter 
a few^ years was made Chief-Judge of New Haven County Court. 
This ollice he held for live years, and in May, 1715, he was trans- 
ferred to the Bench of the Superior Court of the Colony, as one of 
the Associate Judges, where he continued, with the exception of one 
year, till 1725. At the annual election in 1717, he was chosen an 
Assistant, an ollice of great trust and importance, being ex ollicio 
a L gislator, a member oi' the Go\ernor's Council, and a judicial 



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1S47.] at the >hjcrcnt Cnt/rn-rs in lYcw K,ii;huid. 189 

iMu^i^flratn llironi^liout tlie Colcmy. This station lie rcsiinKxl in 
17:20, on his election to the olllre of Lieutenant-Ciovernor, uiul the 
same year he was appointed liv die (Jcneral .Vssenibly Ciiii:r-.Ti s- 
Tiet: of the Snperior Covn't, both which olliccs h<' held until the 
year 1742 ; when he was ch-clcd (lovernor, and continued in that 
olliec until his death, which, after a short and ])ainlul sickness of 
three days, occurred at Milford, Nov. (i, 17r;(), at the age of 70 
years. lie left seven sons and a widow, his fifdi wife. 

A funeral (^ration in Latin was delivercfl on the occasion in the 
chapel of Yale College, by Mr. Slih's, tlnai senior '\\\\ox in that 
Institution, and afterwards its distinguished I'rcsident. It portrays 
in the most glowing colors, tiu; mild virtues of his private life, and 
the singular success of his public administration. 

During this period, there wa* a time when religious dissensions, 
which originated in the excessive zeal u{ itinerant preachers, had 
mad(! their way into sober ami regular ecclesiastical comnuuiities, 
by which metins they were greatly disturbed, and the Colony was 
convulsed almost to its centre. 

Early in the eighteenth century, a wonderfid attention to religion 
had been excited in various parts of Connecticut. It seems \o have 
been a genuine revival, not unmingled, perhaps, with some slight al- 
loy of enthusiasm. Soon after this the celebrated Mr. Whiterield, 
whose sincere and honest piety Cowper has immortalized in the 
most glowing colors, whose elo([Ucnce vanquished on one occasion 
even Franklin's philosophical caution, after preaching with the great- 
est applause and ell'ect, at the South, came to New England at the 
pressing invitations of the clergymen of Iloston. On his return, 
he passed through Connectieui, where the people crowded to hear 
him, and sunk under the weight of his powerful Christian clo-^ 
quence. His example seems to have been followed by others of 
weaker intellect and less judgment; by men, who mistook the 
illusions of their own minds, for the operations of the Holy Spirit, 
There was particularly a Mr, Davcn])ort of Long Island, who had 
been a sound and faithful minister, but, unfortunately, partook of 
the same spirit, and by his precepts and example, encouraged the 
wildest extravagances of sentiment and conduct. Some of the 
'• New- Lights," (as they were called,) boldly proclaimed their inti- 
mate communion with the Almighty, in raptures, ecstacies, trances, 
and visions. A few of the clergy were not free from these errors, 
and forsook their own charge to labor in the vineyards of others. 
In some counties, lay-[)reachcrs sprang up, who pretended to divine 
impulst>s and inward impressions, ami professed a superna1iu-al 
powiT of discerning between thost; that were converted, and those 
that were not. Confusion prevailed at their meetings, ;uid in-lead 
of checking these unseemly disonlers, the leaders labored to 
increase and extend them. Such excesses threw a shade on real 
piety, and threatened to subvert the foundations of pure -and geiui- 
ine "Chrisiianity throughout the Colony. 'I'hc Legisl;Uun\ between 
whiMU and the e-hureli there was then a iiiueli i-loser connection 



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190 



SL'i.tcJics of AInmni. 



[April, 



than at this day, in coll^:e<[^once of the nnmcrous applications made 
to \hv\\\ for their ink-rlrri'iu-i" aiul protct-lioii, ciiattid laws, ihe sever- 
ity of wliioh was not jnsiiliable, but may, in some measure, be ))alli- 
ated when we considi-'r the mai^niilude of thi' evil. A iieati'd /cal 
and a ndsguided coii>eicnce, ralher, perha[)s, than a cunleinpl of the 
authority of government, ij'avc rise in some eounlies to loud mur- 
murs and great dis^atisfaelion. 

(Governor Law, ahhough an ardent friend of the gospel system 
in its original purily, op[)osed with all the energy he possessed, this 
wilil sjilrit of fanaticism. To him was its supjjression, in no 
small d(.'grec, lo be attributed. W\\\\ the skill of an e\|)crienced 
jiilot, he kept his eye always fixed on the star of civil and religious 
lil)erty, and steeretl the political bark unhurt, amidst tin; dangers 
that surrounded it. ll was lo these troubles that President Stiles 
alluded in the Eulogy before spoken of, when, altt.'r paying a just 
comj)limenl lo his j)rcdeeessors, he adds: 

" Scd g-loria Conscrvand'C reipublicic ac pcrite per procellas intcs- 
Unas periciiIostssiiiiastjUL' cdiifiisioncs futii/cr ct clcmcntcr adininis- 
traiuhc sit su/i snj/ie/iH c( i/Iiislrissii/io Law.'' 

It was during this term of service, likewise, that the expedition 
against Cape IJreton was undertaken. The plan was formed by 
Gov. Snmi.KY of iMassachusetIs, and was executed by raw, imdis- 
eiplincd troops, ignorant of the arts o( regular warfare, wilh the 
most brilliant success. He saw the great importance of this enter- 
prise, and labored, wnth unwearied industry, to prevent its I'ailure. 

Governor L;iw was unciueslionably a man of high talents and 
accomplishments, both natural and acquired, lie was well ac- 
quainted with civil and ecclesiastical subjects, and gradually rose, 
by the force of his own exertions, lo the highest honors of the 
State. He was of a mild ami placid temper, amiable in all the 
relations of domestic life, and seems to have well discharged the 
duties imposed on him. 



First-love is pure without a stain, 
Tlie lieart can never fondly love aj;ain; 
One holy shrine will in the hosom rest, 
And only one within a l.iithful breast. 
True loveV a steaily, biiL;ht, niichanj^ing ray, 
.i\nil not the idle prufenMice of a ilay ; 
A lU hde<s llowrr \\ liii h v-ill I'.r ever bloom 
Thiongh yccirs, in ab<i.'nce, and beyond the tomb. 

Sucixd Poiiiis, by Mrs. Bruce, London. 



.lOffy. 



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Dr. }Van<.'s Letter. 






DR. WATTS'S LKTTKR OF fONDOLKXCR TO MA1».\M SRWALL, 

[Tin: folliiwinj,' li.'ttcr of ].)r. Walts wa-< written lu Mailani ScumII. llic vvii'l- ol' Maj. S.im- 
«lcl Si-wall, a hi^'hlv in-coinplishcil iirtoIi,u\1 nl" no-luii, upon \\u- sndilcii an. I ali'.-iMin.' <li-alli 
of liiT two soii<." Thrst: wen: <-'iiHlrrii l>v I|,t lir>t Im-Katiil. Mr. .N'.illiaii II.iw.il ami her 
only cliildroii, fur slie never lia.l any Lv Maj S. wall. Fur tin- letter niid a iiiiiiil.cr ofllie liicis 
in relation tn llic sail event, we are' iiiil.'!.i'-,l to Cliarlos Iv.ver, V.<i\. : ami tlir.iiiL'l. la-, inslni- 
iMi'iitality also the likeiir-.-;es id" tlie y.Miih ilruwnetl were prKeiireil frDiii Mrs. LuriiiL'. llic 
wile ol Henry Lorin_', l-^sij., ff llii.s city, ami are now cle|.i)>iteil in tlie H.)oni-< of tlic New 
En;j!aii(l lli.-ti'irie. < leiieal.uieal >i).-ietv' The II.'v. Samii.'l Sewall ol' ItiirlniLl..!: uirnnn.i 
u.'^ lliat the ];e\ . Dr. Sewall ..f the 01,1 Sniilli Clmreli. in hi- diary, mMiees the event as i\>\- 
lows ; '• 17-J7--- .l.uuiarv ^, ( .M.Mi.'.ay.l ( ie.ii _-.• ami Nath.iii Huwellali' Li A; II y''» >'iil, Weill a 
;<I;atin'-- at the l.altoni '..f y^^ (.".)niiri>n. ami were lu'lh ilreiwned. O [y' Sanctify tiii.s awfnli 
I'ruvid'-^- to the near liela'lioiis ; Support .V' (".>inl'ort y"' : V>c 10 y"e Ifuhli)iiiiil belter y° 10 
Sons : To yi' Town ! Awaken our voum.' pi. 'pie to IJeuir y' Creator ami fly to X y' vy may 
lie safe nn.ler v"' Sha.l.nv of lii~ wiu.s. 'Jan)' 1 1 ^Sal.lMthj I en.leavoureil to iuipPAe y« late 
awful I'rovid'-'-' fr Keel. ',*. 12/' 

Nathan Ifowell ami Katherino Geori'c were luarrieJ I'V Itev. Dr. Colnian. Auij 11, 170^; 
OeorL'O and Nathiu. their >on-, were l.oi n, — (jeoi_e, N'ov. 1. ITIO. and Nathan, Mireli 'Ji, 

I7i;!-ii. 

In Peniliertou's Manuscript Chruiioioi'-y we find the I'ollowin.' entry : •' 17,:-, January 
Sth. Ge.ir^e and Nathan H.iwell ..f T.osio'n, Ln.theis ..'...ni 1 I and 1-7 years ,,ld, m scalinjr at 
the bottom of tlie Coniin.in, fell llir. 'Uyli liie iee and were Lotli drowned."] 

Xin'cinhcr 7. 1728. 

]\I.\nAM, 

YestorJay from I\P Sewall's hand I Rcoeivod the favor of .several 
Letters frain my FiieiRls in New-England, and a particular account of lliat sharp 
and surprising'Stroak of Pi-ovid(?nco^that has made a painful and lasliiiu; Wound 
on your Soul, lie desirVl a Lett(>r from my hand directed to you which might 
catty in it some Balm for an alUictcil spirit. By his Information I liud that I 
am not an uttcn- slramrer to your Family and Kindied. 'M' Lee your Venerable 
Grandfather was Predecessor to 'M' Thomas Rowe my Ilonuur'd Tutor and once 
my Pastor in my young(>r years. yV Peacock wiio married your eldest Aunt was 
my intimate Friend. ^Tip"' P.ishop and AP« Wirly were both my Acquaintance 
tho' mv long Illness and Absence from London lias made me a stranger to their 
Posterity wliom I knew when Children. But now I know not who of them are 
living or where. Doc' Cotton Mather your late Father in Law was my yearly 
Correspondent, and 1 lament the loss of him. ]5ut the loss you have .sn.-,iaincd is 
of a more temler and di.stressin.^ kind; yri let us see whether there are not 
sullicient Springs of Consolation llowiiig round you to allay the sniavl ot so 
great a sorrow. And may the Lord oi^en your F.yes as he did the Kyes of 
Ha'j:ar in the Wilderness so to Espy the Spring of Water when she \mis dying 
with Thirst and her Child over agai'nst her ready to expire. Gen. 21, i;>. 

Have yon lost two lovely Children ? Did you tnake them your Idol- f if you 
Jill, God" hath savM you from Idolatry ; if you did not, you have your tJod still 
and a Creature cannot be miserable who has a God. The short words My God 
have inlinitely more sweetness in them than My Sons or My DauLrhteis. Were 
ihey desirable Blessings >. Your God calls vou then to the nobler Sacrifice. Can 
you give up these to him at his call > God delighteth in sucli a Sacrifice. 
^Ve^o they your All i So was Isaac when Abraham was required to part with 
him at God's Altar. Are not you a Daughter of Abraham? Then imitate you 
his Faith, -his self-denial, his'Olu'tlience'. and makeyour Evideiices of such a 
Spiritual Relation to him shine Brighter on this solemn occasimi. Has God 
taken thein from your Arms .' had you not given them to God before ? had you 
not devoted them'to him in Baptisi'n .' are yon disjileas'd that God calls lor his 
own '. u'as not your heart sincere in the Ri'signation of them to him ' Show then, 
INladam, the sincerity of your Heart in leaving of thein in the Hand of (Soil — 
Do you say thev are lost '. not out of God's si-ht, aiul God's World, tho' ihey 
are out of our sight and our AVorld. All live to God. You may hope the spreading 
Covenant of Grace has .-helter'd ihein from the srcond Death. Tliey live tho' not 
with you. Are you ready to say you have brouiiht forth for the Grave ? it may be 
so, b It not in vain. Isaiah C'i, 'JH. Tlinj >//■•// imt hih,ir in viiiu, nor liniijr Jhrth 
fur trui'tilc; (that is fur Soriuw and witliout ]iv^->c) for tlu:>i urc the .-n'ct cf (he 



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192 . Dr. Walls's LdUr. [April, 

Blessed of tilt: Ln-il anil (latr olf'^j'nu'j; irilh tlnm. This lias boon a .sweet 
Text 10 iiKiii)' a Molliur whi.-u tliuir Ciul.lit.'ii liavu been calle.! away betimes. 
And th(; Prophet Jerciny Chap. 31, !.'> — 17. has very comfoit;ible wonls to allay 
the sar-ic sorrow. Did yon pJL-ase voiirscll iti what comforts you mi^'ht have 
derived from them in maturer years .' I'.nt Madam, do you consider snlficiently 
that God hath takon them away from the e\ il to come, and hid them in tlie 
Grave from llu; prevailin;j and mischievous Temptations of a degenerate age. 
My BrothiT'.s AVife in I^jndon has buried seven oi eight Children, and among 
tliem, all her Sons. This tho't lias reconciled her to the Providence of God, that 
the Temptations of young men in this Age are so exceeding great, and she has 
seen so nuiny youni.' Gentlemen of her accinainliince so .-ham<-fully dei^enerate, 
that she wipes her Tears for the Sons ^he has bmied, and composes hersclt to 
Patience and Thankfulness with one only Dauirlitcr remaining. Perhaps (Jod 
has by this streak prevented a thousand nnknown Sorrows. Are your Sons 
dead .' but are your Mercies dead too i A woilhy Husband is a living Comfort 
and may Gotl i)reserve and re.'store liirn to you in bufety. Foo*.!, Raiment, 
Safety, Peace, Liberty of Religions acci-.-s to the mercy seat, Hope of Heaven ; — 
All tlu'?e aie daily matters of thankfullness. (.ood Madam, let not uih' sorrow 
bury them all. Shew that you ari3 a Christian by making it appear that Reliirion 
has sup[7ort.s in il which the ^V'orld doth not enjoy and which the World doth 
not know. What can a poor Wordling do but mourn over earthly Blessings 
depaited, and go d.own comfortless with them to the (irave. But methinks that 
a Christian should lift up the Head as partakinir of higher hopes. May the 
Blessed Spirit be your Comforter. Endeavour iNIadam to employ yourself in 
.some Busmess or Amusement of life continually. Let not a solitary fiame of 
IMind teni[)t you to m'I Brooding over your Sorrows and nur-^e them up to a 
dangerous Size ; but turn }our Tiionghts often to the brighter Scenes of lleaven 
and tlu! Resurrection. Forijive t)ie freedom of a strani,u'r, ^ladam, who desires 
to be the Humble and faithfid Si\'vant of Chri-^t and Suuls. 

l3A.\c Watts. 
Poslcript. 

Madam, You have so many excellent Comforters round about 
you that I even B!u>h to send what I have wrote; yet since the narrowness of 
my Pa[)er has excluded two or three thoughts which may not be impertinent or 
useless on this mournful Occasion I will insert them here. Vou know Madam 
that the great ami blessed Goil had but one Son, aiul he gave him up a Sacri- 
fice and devoted him to a bloody Death out of I^ove to such Sinners as you and 
]. Can you shew vour gratitude to God in a more evident k acccptalde manner 
than by resignimr willingly your two Sons to liim at the call of his Providence ? 
This Act of willing Resignation will turn a paintul Allliction into a holy Sacrifice. 
Are the two dearest things torn from the heart of a Mother, then you may ever 
set looser by this World, and you have the fewer dangerous Attachments to this 
life. "Tis a happiness for a Chrl.-^lian not to have the heart strings tyed too fast 
to any thing beneath (lod and lleaven. Happy the Soul tliat is ready to move 
at the Divine summons. The fewer F.ngauemenis we have on earth, the more 
ive may live above, and have our thoughts more fixed on things Divine and 
lieaveuly. .May this painful stroak thus Sanctilied lead yon neari;r to God. 
Amen. L W. 



" A boate poini; out of Hami)ton River was rrist aiv;iy and the p.sons a'l drowned who 
wore in nunihor eii^'ht : Ein. Ililliar, .Ion. IMiilbiick aial An Plnlhrick las \\ ih> , Sarah 
Philbrick tiiere d,iu;:bter; .^lice tiu? wyJe of ^^n^(.•.s Cox, and John Cox bis sonne, 
llobeit Read; who all peiished in y"^' sea y"-' "JOlh ol" the J^ mo. 10 j<." — Noifol'c Covniy 
lleionls. 

From the same Records, we learn that "Cai)!. Conjamin Swclt of Hampton v.as 
slain at Black Point by the barbarous Indians the C'.'th June, lO:?." 



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1847.] List of Ancient Names in Boston and Vicinitij. 193 



LIST OF ANCIENT NAMES IN BOSTON AND VICINITY. 

An AljjhaJ^rtical LUt of the Ancient Names in the toivns of Boston, Charlestounu 
Ru.ihunj, Waleituwn, Dorchester, Camlmdge, Ikdham, Weymovth 
Braintree, Concord, Sudbnnj, JUngham, and Woburn. ' 

BV THE LATE JOHN FARMER, ESQ. 

[This List embraces llie names in the above towns from 1630 to ir.ll, an-l contains mo>t ol 
tlie names \<\ eacli town. • 

Aiu;R.;vivnoNS -Bo. r.o^ton Cli. Chnrleslown, Co. Conconl, Ca. Canibrid-e, ^r 
Brainlree, De. Declham Do. Dorchester, H. Ilinyhiun, M. Medaeld, 11. Roxbury, 5 ?■ '- 
bury, Wa. Watertown, We. Weymouth, and Wo. Woburn.] 



A. 

Abe] I, We 

Adams. Bo De. We 

Br. M. 
Amadoun, Bo. We. 
Allison, B'l 
AspinwaP Bo. 
Ale.xaude^ So. 
Armitage, Bo. 
Awkley, Bo. 
Allen, Bo. Ch. De. 

H. Br. M 
Addington, Bo. 
Astwood, R. 
Alcock, K. De. 
Ambler, Wa. 
Arnold, Wa. 
Ames, Ca. Br. 
Aldridge, De. 
Alleyn^ De. 
Atkinson, Co. 
Axdell, S. 
Aldreth. Br. 
Abie, Br. 
Atherton, Br. 

B. 

Baldwin. Bo. De. 
Baker, Bo Ch. R. 
Barrel!, Bo 
Baxter, Be. R. 
Beareley. Bo. 
Beck, Bo. 
Bourne, B >. 
Bridge, Bo Ch. R. 
Bondall, Bo, 
Bell, Bo. R. 
Bishop, Bo. 
Blanchard Bo. 
Bosworth, Bo. 
Briggs, Bo We. 
Briscoe, I'o. Wa. 
Burden. B •. 
Buttoljih, '^o. 
Button, Bo. 
Brimsme u'l', Ch. 
Brown, Ch, S. H. Br. 
Burrago, Ch. 
Batchel.ir, Ch. De. 
Barret. V Co. 
Burnci, i' 



Brewer, R. Ca. 
Blacksley, R. 
BurriU, R. 
Bu^bce, R. 
Bartlett, Wa. 
Beech, Wa. 
Bernard, Wa. 
Boyden, Wa. 
Beeres, Wa. 
Bright, Wa. 
Rullard, Wa. De. 
Barron, Wa, 
Boyls[tlon, Wa. 
Brad brook, Wa. 
Benjamin, Wa. 
Barsham, Wa. 
Broughton, Wa. 
Barnard, We. 
Billings, Do. 
Bird, Do. 
Buck, Ca. 
Bridgham, Ca. 
Barker, De. 
Barstowe, De. 
Bullen, De, M. 
Barber, De. M. 
Bayes. De. 
Blandford, S. 
Belcher, Ca. S. Br. 
Burr, Do. H. 
Bliss, H. 
Bridgeman, H. 
Bagnley, Co. 
Blood, Co. 
Bowstree, Co. 
Brooks, Co, 
Bulkley, Co. 
Bus.se, Co. 
Bennet, Co. 
Butterlield, Wo. 
Barron, Wo. 
Bass, Br. 
Blage, Br. 
Bracket, Br. 
Barnes, Br. 
Brilan, Wo. 
Barber, JNI. 



Cirter. Bo Ch. Wo 
Cule, Bo. Ch. 



Cooke, Bo. Ca. 
Coggan, Bo. 
Coi)p, Bo. 
Cotton, Bo. 
Clarke, Bo. R, Wa. 
De. H. M. 

Cource, Bo. 
Crabbtree, Bo. 
Cranwell, Bo, 
Cretchley, Bo. 
Call, Ch, 
Carrington, Ch. 
Cary, Ch. 
Carter, Ch. Bo. 
Coytmore, Ch. 
Curtis, R. Do. S. 
Coddington, R 
Craft, R. 
Chandler, R. Co. 
Corey, R. 
Crane, R. 
Cheney, R. M. 
Crosse, Wa. 
Cutter, Wa. 
Cliurch, Wo. 
Coolidge, Wo. 
Claise, Wa. 
Cooper, Wa. 
Crisp, Wa. 
Capen, Do. 
Clap, Do. We. M. 
Clement, Do. 
Collicott, Do. 
Cunlithe, Do. 
Champney, Ca. 
Collins, Ca. 
Corlet, Ca. 
Chickering, De, 
Colbourne, De, 
Calver, De. 
Carpenter, We 
Cakebread, > 
Coulton, H. 
Collier, H. 
ChamberlaiI^ Br. Co. 

Wo. 
Cheesborough Bo. 
Cone_y, Br. 
'.oskm, Co. 
Convers, C-^. 
Ciam, M. 



D. 

Davie., Bo, S. Wo. 
Dennis, Uu. 
Dineley, Bo. 
Dov s.?. Bo. 
Dai.-, Ch. Co. 
David, Ch. 
Danforth, R. Ca 
Dexter, Ch, 
Dud'ey, R, 
Dennison, R. 
Davis, R, 
Dikes, Wa. 
Dow, Wa, 
Davenport, Do. 
Dickerman, Do. 
D wight, De. 
Daniel, Ca. 
Dixon, Ca. 
Dana, Ca. 
Dyer, We. 
Darvill, S. 
Dorchester, H. 
Doggett, Co. 
Draper, Co. 
Dasset, Br. 
Dawes, Br. 
Devel, Br, 

E. 
East, Bo, 

Eaton, Bo, Wa De. 
Elliot, Bo, R, Br. 
Eyre, Wa. 
Eddie, AVa. 
Else, Wa, 
Evans, Do. 
Eccl.y, C. 
Eanies, Do, H 
£]lderkin, De. 
Everard, De. 
Elxards, H, Co. 
Elhs, Br, M, 
Edmunds, Co. 
E^aits, Co. 

E. 

Eairfield, Eo, 
FainveathiT, Bo. 
Fu;; ibi'le, Bo. 
Flack, Bu. 



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191 List of Aiicir/U JViiiiics ill r>i)ston diid Vicinltij. [April, 



Frmklia, Do. 
Fi-h, Bo. 

Flowd, 1)0. 

Fowle, 15o. Ch. Co. 
FiiincU, Bo. 
Frotliiri^ham, Ch. 
Fi^ko, W.i. 
Flic-, \V;i. 
]";iriuim. Do. 
Freiuli, Do. 
Fower, Do. 
Fiirowortli, ]^o. 
Fuller, Do. Co. Wo. 
Foonie, Ci. 
Francis, C.i. 
Fi.h.T. D >. .M. 
FairlKink. Do. M. 
Frarey. De. M. 
Foster, AVe. 
Fry, We. 
Freeinaii, S. 
Flatmju, Br. 
Flint, Hr. 
Farweii, Co. 
Foye, Co. 
Farley, Wa. 

G. 

Carrott. l!o. Cli. 

("rlllhoilS, Bo. 

(.ill, Bo. 
Ci'oonlloy. ]?o. 
(irearnes, Bo. 
(ireen. Bo. Ch. 
Guttriil:,'e, Bo. Wa. 
Griclley; Bo. 
Gri'j^s, Bo. 
Gross. Bo. 
Griihbs, Bo. 
(umnison. Bo. 
Gould, Ch. 
(i rover, Ch. 
Graves, Ch. 
Greenlanil, Ch. 
Greems, Ch. 
(jookin, I\. Ca. 
Ganiblin, R. 
Gorton, II. 
Garner, R. 
Goar.l, R. 
Garfield, Wa. 
GotFe, Wa. 
Gass, Wa. 
Grant, Wa. 
Godfrey, Wa. 
Gibson, Ca. 
Gri^,sell, Ca. 
(Jay, De. 
Grillln, S. 
G'oodnow, S. 
(Jeor;.;e, Br. 
Gamlin, Co. 

II. 

Ilaybornc, Bo. R. 
Harvey, Bo. 



IlaUall, Bo. 
H uwooil, lio. 
Hawkins. Bo. Wa. 
Hill, IVi.' 
Ili.b-, Bo. Ca. 
HiUiard. Bo. 
IIoiii;h. Bo. 
Holland, Bo. 
Ifnlcliinson, Bo. 
Ho-- Bo 
lloiu'liin. Bo. 
llo'.ven. Bo. 
Huilbon, Bo. 
HuiHi, Bo. 
Ilonrickson, Bo. 
ll.idlock, Ch. 
Hale, Ch. 
Harrington, Ch. 
lleiden, Ch. 
Hills. Ch. 
Hubbard. Ch. 
Hanle, Ch. 
Hi'tninj^w av, H- 
Heath, R 
Harris, R. Ca. 
Hi-wcs, R. 
Holmes. R. 
Howe, R. S. 
Hawkins, Wa. Bo. 
il.ddcn, Wa. 
llnhbard, Wa. 
Homes, Ca. 
Horn wood, Ca. 
Hildrevh. Ca. 
Hutchin, Ca. 
House, Ca. 
Hancock, Ca. 
Hinsdell, De. 
Huntinu', De. 
Hunt, I'to. We. 
Hart, We. 
Haine, S. 
Holyoke, II. 
Hobart, H. 
Hansett, Br. 
Hastings, Br. 
Herknell, l?r. 
Herman, Br. 
Hoyden, Br. 
HaUted, Co. 
Harsey, Co. 
Heyward, Co. 
Hosmer, Co. 
Hayward, Wo. 
Harvard, Ch. 



Co. 



I. 



Ives, ^\'a. 



Johnson, Bo Ch. R. 

\\'o. S. 
Joy, Bo. 
Jacklin, Bo. 
Jackson, Bo. Ch. Ca. 
Judkins, Bo. 



Jones, Ch. Do. Co. 
Jam.'s. Gil. De. 
Jennison. Wa. 
JrdW-y, We. 
Jenkins, Br. 
Jewell, Br. 



Kiiirick, Bo. 
Kade, Bo. 
k'ribv, Bo. 
Kni^lit, i!o. Br. Wo. 
Kettle, Ch. 
Kini^slou', Do. 
Kalein, De. 
Kingsbury. De. 
Kimball, Wa. 
Knowli^s, A\'a. 
Kin^^ \\'a. S. We. 
Kejes. Wa. 
Kinirsley, Br. 
Kendal, Wo. 

L. 

Leverelt, Bo. 
Lyall, Bo. 
Lii'ii, Bo. 
T.n--, Bo. 
Liw.'OM, Bo. 
Loii:.;. Ch. 
Lawdon, Ch. 
Lewis, Ch. Wa. 
Liiddini^ton, Ch. 
Lynde, Ch. 
Larkin, Ch. 
Lawrenee, Ch. 
Luslier, De. 
Laiii^ton, H. 
Lincoln, H. 
Leavilt, H. 
Lyon, R. 
Lamb, R. Wa. 
Linens, R. 
Lettin, Co. 
Lelingwell, Wa. 
Lariiit, ^Vo. ' 
Lockwuod, Wa. 
Lo\erini;, Wa. 
Ludden, Wa. 
Lowell, M. 

Marshall, Bo. 
Mason, Bo. R. Wa. 
Manning, Bo. 
Mears, Bo. 
Merry, Bo. 
Milam, Bo. 
Mes'-in^er, Bo. 
Miii-o, Bo. 
Munt, Bo. 
Marble, Ch. 
Maiilev, Ch. 
Maverick, Ch. 
Mcllowes, Cii. Br. 
.Meiii.-h, Ch. 



Mellers, Ch. 
Mather, Do. 
.Maiidslev, Do. 
Millet, Do. 
JMuininjjs, Do. 
i^Ieane, Ca. 
Milchel-on, Ca. 
.Meiirs, We. 
Melim, We. 
.Maithew, H. R. 
llireck, H. 
Morril, R. 
Miller, R. 
Meadows. R. 
Moi.e, Wa. 
Merchant, Wa. Br. 
-Marian, \Va. 
Mavhew, Wa. 
Mandslev, Br. 
Mekins.'Br. 
iMotson, Br. 
i\Ioore, Br. S. 
Male. Br. 
.Alousall. Wo. 
Morse, De iM. 
Metcali; .M. 

N. 
New;^ate, Bo. 
Neijus, Bo. 
.\a>h, Ch. 
Nowell, Ch. 
Mchols, Ch. 
Nowman, \\'e. 
Norton, We, 
Newton, S. 

0. 

Oliver, Bo. 
Odlin, Bo. 
Osborn, We. Do. 
Onion. R. 
On-, Wa. 
Oakes, Ca. 



Pal-rave, Ch. 
Palmer, Ch. 
Phillips, Do. Wa.We. 
I'hipps, Ch. 
Pasnier, Bo. Ch. 
Powell, Ch. De. 
Power, Ch. 
Parker, Wo. Bo. R. 
Painter, Bo. 
Pratt, Ch. We. 
Paitor, Bo. 
Perry. Bo. 
I'ell, Bo. 

Pierce, Bo. Do. Wa. 
Phippin. Bo. 
Plain, Bo. 
Porter, Bo. 
Portmont,* Bo. 
Poole, Bo. 
Pil^biirv, Do. 



* 'J'liis iiaiiu: is spelt diirereiilly, a.s Puriuout, IVaah'tit, I'ortiior, ,iid IVmuoik. 



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1"^}7.] List of Ancient Names in Boston and Vicinil/j. 



19.J 



Proctor, Do. 
Pi'[K\ Do. 
I'r.-iitiss, Ca. 
Parish, Ca. 
Pii-kL-ririi,', Ca. 
Polliani, Ca. 
Picko, Ca. 
Paine, Do. Dr. 
Peiiiiitnan, Br. 
Perrin, Br. 
Poclior, l>r. 
Potter, Co. 
J^Dsmore, Co. 
Prentii-e, Co. 
Parsii?!, H, 
Pierpoiit, II. 
Peak.?, R. 
Payson, R. 

Pig^', li. 
Perkins, R. 
Priehard, R. 
Porter, R. Wa. We. 
Peirsnii, W'a. Wo. 
Prescott, Wa. 
Pa-e, ^\'a. 
Picknam, \Va. 
Prest, We. 
Petty, We. 
Paniieler, S. 

R. 

Rn--les, R. Dr. 
Ro-ers, ^Va. ^Ve. Bo. 

Co. 
Ran.lall, We. 
Ralins, AVc. 
Reci, We. Br. 
Riitter, S. 
Redyate, S. 
Rea\er, H. 
Raiiisl'ord, Bo. 
Rice, Bo. Co. 
Russell, Ch. Ca. Wo. 
Robhiiii, Ca. 
Ross, Ca. 
Richards, Do. 
Roper, De. 
Rav. Br. 
Rocket, Br. M. 
Richardson, Bo. Ch. 

Wo. 
Roman, Ca. 



Br 



Ch 



Savell, We. Br. 
Shaw, We. Ca. 
Slu'iiard, We. Ca. 
Silve.-,tor, We. 
StopiH-ll, We. 
.Sione, S. 
.Stir.ve, S. W 

Br. 
Sewill, H. 
Stehbin, H. R. Wa. 
.Sljarp, R. Br. 
Sener, R. 
Smith, II. R. Wa. 

Ch. Do. De. 
Scarhoro[n;,'!i], R. 
Shellield, R. 
Starkweather, R. 
Sanderson, AVa. 
Stearns, Wa. 
Stowcrs, ^Va. 
Sawlell, Wa. 
Slierman, Wa. Bo. 
Story, Wa. 
Stow, Wa. Ch. 
San lord. Bo. 
Savai;e, Bo. 
Scott, Bo. Br. 
Scottow, Bo. 
.Salter, Bo. 
Seabiiry, 15o. 
Seavern, llo. 
Sellick, Bo. 
Seamonij, Bo. 
Sheiburne, Bo. 
Sitiet, Bo. 
Sjiurr, Bi). 
Stanliury. Bo. 
Stanion, Bo. 
Snow, Bo. 
Siuiilerland, Bo. 
Symonds, Bo. Co. 
Shrimptoii, Bo. 
Stevens, Bo. Br. 
Stinenson,' Bu. Ca. 
Stodd.ird, Bo. 
Stodder, M. 
Ser-eant, Ch. Br. 
Siiorlhoiise, Ch. 
Swaiii, Ch. 
Swoet/ir, Ch. 
Symmes, Ch, Bi-. 
South, Do. 



Siunner, Do. 
Swill, Do. 
Saundi.'rs, Ca. 
Sparliawk, Ca. 
Stedman, Ca. 
Stieeler, Ca. 
Siiaw, Ca. 
Slacey, De. 
Save!, Br. 
Stdlein, Bo. 
S[),ildiii_', Br. 
Seer, \\\>. 
Squiers, Co. 

'P. 

Thomas, Bo. II. 
Terne, Bo. 
Tyn-, Bo. 
'J'ownsend, Bo. 
Tappin^r. Bo. 
'I'uiner, Bo. Do. M. 
Tattle, 15o. 
Tierrice, Cii. Wo. 
'J-idd, C!i. 
TopliU; Do. 
'I'ulman, Do. R. 
TriHiihlo. Ca. 
Tow ne, Ca. 
Thurston, De. M. 
Tomson, Br. Wa. 
Twimr, Co. 
Turnev. Co. 
'I'oriipkins, Co. 
1'hoiii|)son, Wo. 
Trerice, \Vo. 
Tolenham, Wo. 
Train, Wn. 
Torri'y, Wa. 
Tucker, AVe. 
Toll, S. 
Treadwav, S. 
Tailor, II. 

V. 

T^pham, We. 
Underwood, Co. 
Upsall, Do. 
Dslier. Ca. and after 

of Bo. 
Ultin;:, Do. 

Y. 

Viall, Bo. 



^'ines, S. 

X.mr, Bo. 

W. 

Waite, Bo. Wa. 
^Valker. Bo. Ch. R. 
Wendell, Bo. 
Winlioume, Bo. 
Walton, Bo. We. 
Wheeler, Bo. Ch. 

Co. De. 
Wehhcr, Bo. 
Williams, Bo. R. 
WiUon. Bo. Br. 
\\'ini:. Bo. 
AVinthrop. Bo. 
^Voodhouse, Bo. 
AW.odw.ird, Bo. Wa. 
Willis, Bo. Ch. 
Wil.ie, Ch. 
Walie, Ch. 
WiUouiihhv, Cb. 
Wood, Ch! De. Co. 

•M. 
Woorie. Ch. 
Wise, Ch. 
\\'orward. Ch. 
Wri-ht, Do. 
Wyllys, Ca. 
Winship, Ca. 
Whitin-. De. 
Wheelock, De. M. 
Wi-ht, De. 
Weld. Br. R. 
Wiiichu>tcr, Br. 
AVi>eman, Br. 
Wheat, Co. 
Will lid, C.>. 
M'vmaii. ^Vo. 
Winn, W,). 
Whittemorc. R. 
White, U. 
Woods, R S. 
AVatennaii, R. 
Watson. R. 
Welleiutoii, Wa. 
Waters," Wd. 
Withi!ii,'ton, Do. 
Webb, ^Ve. 
Whitm.in, We. 
'Warren. AVe. 
Ward, S. 
^\■hilton, II. 



FROM A MO.Xr.MKNT I.\ TIIK BrRYING-GROUM) AT 
KAS'l"P()RT, ME. ■ • •" • '" 



Inmemory of Margaret Nickels, who died April Co, 1S17, .T]. 87, dau. of Samuel Breck 
of Boston, and relict of \Villiam Nickels of Nar.i:^ua;.'iis, who was lost, as was his fjrand- 
son, Geo. W. Shaw, .i;. 12 years, on (irand Manau hhuid, where they wen- buried, Dec. 
18, ITS'J. 

This monument erected in l'=l.'), by RobiMt (', Sh.iw of Bo^toll, grandson to the 
deceased, through the agency of CJeorgo Ilohbs, K^q. 



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Family Licrcasc, Loii^cvilij, ^-c. 



April, 



FAMILY INCREASE. 

The followinii facts ])ul)li<li.;d in a iiole in Vol. 11. of Ilalibiirton's " Historical and 
Statistic.il Account of Nova Scotia" aru bcliev(Hl to be uiiiiaralli.'li'J in tin; increase of 
any family on ri'coiJ. It cm at once bo seen that at this rate of riiulliplyiiiu: popula- 
tion it woiiKl take (uily a short jifrioil to [leuplc thi- earth. Any one, curious enough 
to make a cab-nlati.m. will \n- ,i>loui>ln-il ai the multilutle of persons after the lapse of 
a few i,'eneration5 which couM trace their tlescenl from a commmi ancestor. The note 
is as follows : 

" In the Sprin;? of the year 17Git, A. Smith, Esci., a native of Cajie Coil, Ian. led at Bar- 
rin^rton,* f)r the purpose of making arr.mi^ernents for the reception of his family, but 
finding the Indians numerous, he al)aMdon('d the idea of emigratin;,' and returned home. 
Shortly alter his de|)artiiio, liis wile arrived in a vessel bound on a fishing voyage, and 
was landed with hrr f.iniily. lleie she remained five weeks, until the arrival of her 
Iiusband, during which time she was kindly and hosjiitably treated by the S.ivages. She 
died at Barrington, in I\Iarch, iS'iS, leavin-,' at the time of her death 5 children, 50 
grandchildren, 2'J7 great-grandchildien, 01 of the fifth, and 1 of the sixth generation 
living, exclusive of a dau-hler, in the I'nited States, who had a large family, and of 
several grandchildren who have removed from B.irrington." 



INSTANCES OF LONCKVITY IN ONE HOUSE. 

The following persons have died in the same house since 17S1. The house is situ- 
atetl in Ilingham, ami was formerly owned by Peter Tower. Peter Tower, aged 8-1 ; 
Anna Tower, li-O; Deborah Tower, 9;j ; Joshua Tower, 77; Grace Cushing, 95; 
Laban Tower, 7:!: Esther Tower, 71; Deborah Dunbar, SO. Total, 070. — //i/iy/ia/u 
Gazelle, Jjinl u, ]b:n. AVe are informed that the 'J'ower estate has been held in the 
name of Tower since li':i7, and is now occupied by Mr William Tower. 



LONGEVITY OF THE .AIARSH FAMILY IN IIAYERIIILL, MS. 

Dea. David Marsh of Haverhill, Ms., was born Jan., 10'.''^, and his wife Mary Moody 
was born Aiii;., 1703. They were the parents of twelve children. The father, mother, 
anil children died as follows: 



Piiicnts. 



The father died, 
The mother, . 





Moses died. 




aged SO 


Jonathan, 
Enoch, 
Nathaniel, 
John, . 




aired S;') 


Lydia, . 




" S'j 


Abigail, 




" SO 






" so 


Total 


of years. 


" S2 


Average 


age, 




Cluldrm. 
Elisabeth died, . 
Marv, .... 
Judith, .... 

Cutting, .... 
David, .... 

Below is an exact copy of an inscription on the tomb-stone of Mary Buel in the 
burying-ground, north-west of the village in Litchfield, Ct. 

llere lies the body of Mrs. Marv Bud. wife of Dr. John Buel, Esq'' — She died Nov. 
•i"' 170S .Etat. 'JO. haviii;: hal 'l3 Cliildren — 101 (irand Children — 274 Great G. 
Childreu, 2J Great G. G. Children— IH) Total — 330 survived. 



In the Historical Magazine for 17'J'.\ by IJisseit, a marriage of some interest to Ameri- 
cans is thus given. 

"William Cockbiirn, Esq. American merchant, to the fair Miss Lorimer, dan. of Mr. 
Lorimer of the Strand, ami sisti-r to the beautilul Mrs. Graham, lady of ('oi. Graham, 
Sloane St., well known in the literary world as the author of a History of the American 
State of Vermont." 



*•' l^arrin;:ton, Nova Scotia, was settled by about eulity families fr>'m Cape Cod and N.iii- 
tuoket, iu I7td, 'oJ, and 'I'kt. 



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DIiirri(i'>'cs (Did Dcdths. 



197 



MAPJlIAnES AND DEATHS. 



Wo propose to give in future in each Nuinljor of tlie Kci^'i.stfjr a brief List of 
MiirriiiL^es and Deaths, conlinin:; oursi'lvcs j)rinei[)ally to those whieii occur in 
tlie New Kuijlaml States, or aiiion;^' thcjsi; per.^uns wlio are of Xew IliejhuiJ 
origin. We give tliis (piarter a few as a sample. 



JI A R R I A G E S . I 

Ar.i.KN, Rev. Sa^u'ei, H., of Wiiulsor ! 
Locks, anil Jki.ia A., iLuii^litcr ol' l)r. ' 
Williiua S. Piersoa of Wimlsor, Ct., 
Feb. lo. ; 

Bi<i[, Rlv. Cn.^RLES P., of Norwich, Ct.. i 
and Pliilippa, daughter of I. Call, Esq., J 
Charle-slown, Dec. 31, ISIO. i 

EuMoNSTo.N, Dh. Edw.\ud, of Abinj^ton, 
and Miss Bethi.v Buewster of llaii- , 
son, Dec. 25, IhJU. | 

Fi>E rciiEii, S.\ :m iei., Esc;., of Ando*. er ami 
Mks. Hann.\h C. Buk.us ol" Do lliain, ' 
Feb. 2o'. i 

Gauhner, Nicholas R., Esq., in the 79th | 
year of his a^;(?, and .Mrs. AiiKiAiLJ 
ArwooD in the t'iGlh year of h(?r aije, I 
both of Providence, R. I. It was the ' 
fifth lime he had taken the solemn vow 
at the hymeneal altar. There were pres- ! 
ent his children, l.is grandchildren, and 
his great-grandchildren. ' 

MeKi..\.\E V, Rev. Saiun, of Poultney, Vt , 
and ELisAUErii S., daiiL,'hter ol" Dr. Hi-' 
ram Corliss of Union \'illage, AVa.-^hing- ' 
ton Co., N. Y., Jan. 27. j 

jMouse, Aeiai,, a Revolutionary pensioner, ] 
a. 80, and Mas. Lucy Mielek, a. 13, , 
Barnard, Vt. ' 

Pearson, Col. L. T., of Collinsville, and : 
Miss jE.VNErrE i^I. Cauwell of ILirt- | 
ford, Ct., Jan. 2,3. j 

Pe.nnell, Rev. Lewis, of "Weston, and! 
Miss ^L^RY C. Siiekwood of Green- 1 
field, Ct., Dec. .30, ISIG. 

Pkkerino, C. W., Lieut. U. S. N., and 
jNIakv p., daughter of John Stevens, 
Esi]., of Boston. 

U.NiiEinni.i., IIe.nky B., teacher in Qua- 
])oag Seminiiry, Warren, and IL\uiuei ie 
T. Fisic of Alhol, Feb. l'^. 

"Wasiiiuiun i;, J. W., ICS';., of Os;igi' Prai- 
rie, Arkansas, and Ml^s Sijs.v.n- C. 
RiDGE, a Cherokee, Jan. 27. 



DEATHS. 

AntoT, Jacoii, E<i.i., Fiirmington, Me., 
J,ia. 21, a. 70. He was the fifher of the 
Abbots, Nvhose writings are so generally 
dilfused. 

Aee\a.m)er, QrAKTius, Hartland, Vt, 
Feb. 2S, a. SG, a Revolutionary pen- 
sioner. I 

Andrews, !\rRs. Joa nna, Gbiucester, J.ui. > 
20 a. I(i2. She was prob.ibly the oldest I 
person in the Slate. | 



Atwkm,, Cai'T. Zaciiai:iaii, Lynn, a. 07. 
He commanded a vessel al the age of 2-1, 
ciii-M'd the Atlantic 70 tinais, and never 
lost a mabt or a man. 

Bili(..;s, William, Esq., Charlestown, N. 
H., Jan. :j7, 1S17, a. 71, D. C. 17'J'J. 
Attorney. 

Beck, Dr. ErnuAiM, Ju.n., Boston, Feb. 
Id, a. 33. 

Ci AUii, Mrs. Et..iiA IL, Fryeburg, Me, 
Fe!). 'J, wife of Rev. William Clark. 
Gen. Agent A. B. C. F. M 

CoK, Rev. Daniel, Wiiibtead, Ct., Jan. 11. 

Davi^ Ho.n. Joh.n, LL. D., Bo.^ton, Jan. 
11, a .'^.•., H. C. 17M, Judge of the Dist. 
Court L'. S. 

Dawi;^, Pvev. Howla.M), of "Windsor, 
in [.ynn, Y. C. I'-'ir,. 

Evi.i.ETii, JosEi'H, Es(j., Salem, Feb. 3, a. 
'Jl. 

Easiman, Luke, Esq., LowcU, Feb., a. 
57, D. C. 1812. Attorney. 

Edson, Dr. Alexander, New York, Feb. 
13, a. 12, of inllammation of the lungs, 
known as tlie " Living Skeleton,'' and 
a brother of the celebrated Calvin Ed- 
son. 

El.L^ wourii, Tnioriiy, E^i;., East "Wind- 
sor, Ct., Jan. T), a. C'.i. 

Fi-K, J..11.N, Esi,., Miiidletown, Ct., Feb. 
J.'i, a. 70. He was Town Clerk fil"ty 
yeai-,, Treasurer twenty-four, and Clerk 
of the County and Sujueme Court about 
the same time. 

Fori., Zelotes, .M. D., Maiden, N. Y., 
Feb. 13, a. 11, W. C. 1S2-'). He uas an 
I'^lder in a Presbyterian chh. 

FisiiiH, EiiENEZEE, Je.\., Esi;., of Con- 
sumption, Dedham, Jan. -1, a. ;')S, more 
than twenty years Cashier of Dedham 
Bank. 

Gaii;, Samuel SriLLMAN, Esq., Liver- 
jjool, Eng., Feb., son of Rev. Thomas 
Gair, the I'ourth pastor of the BaKlwin 
Place Clih., Boston. He was connected 
in business with the hou?e of Baring, 
Brothers ^ Co. 

Gav, -^h;s. Martha, Medwav, Dec. 31, 
l^-l'i, widow of the late "Willard Gay, 
Esi|., of Dedham, President of ihe Bank, 
and daughter of the lale Re\. Dr. Em- 
mons of Franklin. 

Geou<,e, .biHN, Esij., Georgia, Jan. 27, a. 
30, D. C. ISjS. Altorneyr 

Gil ma \, Ho.n. Natiia.mel, E.vetcr, N. H., 
Jan ':•'>, a. b^. He had been a Keprcsenl- 
ative and Seu.Uor in Ci'en. Court and 
^-tate Treasurer. 



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Miirrln''-r.'i (iniJ Bca(Ji.< 



[April, 



(Ju.MAN, Dk. Josini, \\\-\U, Mf., Jan. 1, 
;i. ".'i. lie ^va.■5 Ihe elitest son nf Uev. 
'JiiblrJiii (jiliii.m of rs'orth V.uiuoutli, 
Ml'., ;i:hl h;iil Lui'il I'lu.iiiliMil vi tin.- 
M.iiiie Medical Socicly, and Doa. of the 
Cimil;. Clili. for more than thirty ycaf^. 

Ci' i;i;i;.N u'ooi), l''l:^^l.l:^ \V., Caiiihiid^'e, 
M.uHi 1.!. a. Jl, II. C. l^l.^ and iiieniber 
of the Law School. Hi.' was a son (jf 
the late Jiev. F. W . P. (jreenwoud, U. 
D., of Bij.-ton. 

n.vi.Loc;:, Mi:p., Steubenville, O., March 
'J, wife of Hon. Jeremiah H. Uallock and 
only Uauijhter of the late liev. Dr. Das- 
sell of Hebron, Cl. 

n.vss.vKi), Ivi:v. S a:".! i; el, Great Harrington, 
Jan. 13. V. C. lS2i'>, Keclor of the Kpis- 
copal clih. in that town. 

Hill, i^lK.s. \\\ n .\ .\ii, A^hbuiiihain, March 
I, a. 75, mother of Ex- Gov. Hill of A'ew 
Hampshire. 

HoLL.\.M), Dii. .A nu.\ii.\:M, \Val[)ole, N. H., 
ab. March 1, a. 9(i, 1). C. 177'.i. It i.s be- 
lieved tliat no other gradnale of the Cul- 
leije ever lived to so great an age. 

IIiN ri:R, Gk.v. Sir M.\i:riN, Anton's Hill, 
Canada, a. 89. He was the last of the 
British oliicers th.it survived the battle 
of BunUer Hill. 

JoiioN.NEr, M.\.i. Olivku, Boston, Jan. 2.'i, 
a. S7. 

Ki.Mii.vLL, Ho.N. Jf.ssi:, Bradford, Ms., 
Dec. I'.i, a. :i. He had been a Senator 
in Ci'en. Court, and a Dea. of the Cong. 
Chh, for more than twenty years. 

MiLLKR, Col. Jon.\tm.vn P., Montpeliei-, 
Vt., Feb. 17, a. 50. He was well known 
for his services in the Greek Revolution. 

NiiWTo.N, Hri!u.\Rii, Esi.;., Newport, N. 
H., Feb, 15, a. 07, D. C. 1801. Attorney. 

OinoKNr:, Ho.N. GicoKci:, Boston, Dec. 1, 
ISU), a. SJ, a merchant. Wliile engaged 
in business at ^lalden he fell and in- 
stantly expired. He had been a Senator 
in General Court, an Alderman of the 
city, four years Cashier of one Bank and 
ten years President of another. 

Oiii.LV, D.vvin W., K.s(i., Smyrna, Asia 
Minor, Nov., iSp;, U. S. Consul nt tliat 
placi?. 

Olcuii, Mrs. Ch.vrlotti; A., Meriden, 
La., Nov. ■J^^ IMi'i, a. 39,, wife of Hon. 
Edward R. Olcott, and daughter of the 
late Thomas Burns, Esij., of Gilmanton, 
N. H. 

P.vi;i., Mrs. H-vruiettf. E., of Honlton, 
Me., Jan. -M. a. 2 1. She was the wife of 
George P. Page, daughter of the late 
Judge Thacher of Thomaston. .Me., and 
granddaughter of the late Maj. Gen. 
Henry Knox. 

P.\RK, Ri.v. C.vT.vis, Yi. D, Slongliton, 
Jan. 5, a. 7i>. Dr. Park Idled the ollices 
of Tutor and Prol'essor, B. U. about 'Jj 
yejrs, and in lb:.'7 he became pastor of 
the Cong. chh. in Stoughton. 



Pi..\ i;ni) V, Hon. Srr.vnrN, Amherst, N. 
11., Jan. 19, a. (JI. Attorney. 

PoM), Kiev. Enotk, Jk, Buikspoit, Me., 
J).'c. 17, ISp;, a. vu, B. C. is;\ He was 
a son of Rev. Dr. Pond of Theo. Sern'y, 
Bangor, and Colleague Pastor with tlie 
Rev. Isaac Braman, Cong. chh. George- 
town. 

Pui;ii:u, Mrs. FintiLi.v Dwi.jiit, New 
York, Jan. "JQ, of apoplexy, a. 7ii. Slie 
was the widow cf llie late Jonathan Ed- 
wards Porter, Esq., of Hadley, the daugh- 
ter of Timothy and Mary Dwight. a sis- 
ter of President Dwight of Vale College, 
and a descendant in a direct line IVorii 
'Phomas Hooker, the fii.-:t minister in 
Hartfoid, Rev. J.mies Pierpont of New 
Haven, and the fii.it President P2d wards. 

Reki>, Et.iz.viiKiii P, at the Abbot Semi- 
nary in New York, Jan. '-.'O, a. lii, young- 
est daughter of Dr. Alexander Jieed of 
New Bedford. 

Roniii.vs, Mrs. Puiscill.\ A., Enfield, 
Ct., Dec. 24, 1810, a. G'J, wife of Rev. F. 
L. Bobbins. 

RoiM-Riso.v, Du. AsiiEEL, "Wethersfield , 
Ct., Feb. 18, a. GO. 

Roi'KWELL, Dn. Alonzo, Wetherst'ielJ, 
Ct., Feb. 11, a. -10. 

Roiir.Ks, Rev. TnioTiiY F., Bernardston, 
Jan. -JS, a. CO. H. C. 1802. 

R<^oT, (ujv. Ek.vsiis, Delhi, N. Y., a. 73, 
D. C. 1793, had been a Rep. to Cou- 
irress and Lieut. -Cutv. of New York. He 
ilied at the city of New York, on his 
way to \\'ashiii;;ton, D. C. 

S.MFiu:]), De.v. \ViLr,i.\:\r, Salem, Feb. 27, 
a. 91. 

S.^wvr. R, A.\i:oN Flint. Escj., Nashua, 
N. H., Jan. 1, a. 07, J). C. l^(»l. 

S.EW.vLL, Mi:s. Aiii'..\ii., Bo-iton, a. SO, 
relict of the late Chief-Justice Sewall. 

SnERjsi'RNE, Jo.s.\iii.\.\, Portsmouth, N. 
H., Jan. 3. a. S'J, D. C. 177i-.. 

Si'.\RH.\wK, Dr. Geo!:i:e, Walpole, N. H., 
a. 99, H. C. 1777. He was one of the 
original members of the New Hampshire 
Medical Society, and the last .survivor, 
exce])t Ih'. Green of Dover, N. H., who is 
the oldest graduate of Harvard College 
still living. 

Steele, Geokre Henuy, Nov. 15, ISIO. 
He was son of Jason Steele, Esq., oi 
ClieUea, Vt., D. C. 1S15, a mendier of 
the Dane Law School, H. V., and died 
at Cambridge. 

Si'ENENs, Di;. ]\Io!;rill, St. Johnsbury, 
Vt., March -1, brother oi Hon. Thaddeus 
Stevens of Pennsylvania. 

YEi;MONr, !Miiii.\EL, Shutesbury, Vt., 
March 5, a. ab. 100, a Canadian. 

Willi \i .\ N, Di:.\. l\r.E.\zER, East Briilge- 
waler, Dec. 3, is 10, a. 91. 

^VlLl.ls, Ri'.v. Zriii \ N I .VII, Kingston, 
March 0, a. 90. II. C. 177S. The last 
survivor of his Class. 



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Ni'/iccs of Xcir PtihUraHhn! 



19'J 



NOTICES OF N1':\V PHULICATIOXS. 

The Ma^sachui,etls Stale Record and Year Hook of (Jcaend Lifonniitioii. IS-IT. 
'•' Ifmnun imd mortal (ilthoii'^k ihe arc, wc arc iui:crtlulc^s }hjt iiurc in-<vlnUd ic- 
iifj^. vithiii't rclntioa lu llic jnisl or future.''^ — n.\Mi:i, \Vi:usti;u. I;o-1u:i ; 
I'Libli-lieil by James Fiench, 7S \V;i-hiiiL'toii Sti(.'i t. is 17. 

This is tlie fust vcJiinio fif a iii.'W woik, and is iiilencioil to hi? an Annual. Ii wili 
aim, ■■ 1. To Lj'ivL' annually tlic names ortln- Slati.-, County am! 'I'owii t)liicc)3, ami, i.: 
conr.c'ctioii theiL'witli, to note liie (ilijccts and n'sults ofuur Stale Lci;i>lalion. •.'. '!".) 
tlfvcloii the principles of tlie Institutions of tlic Comiiionw caitli by yivin;^ their ol>;nct3 
a.i ! ii.'-sal'.s. 3. To set forth the kind and exleiit of business jiursucJ by tlie inlial.i- 
tnuts. including the learned professinns. I To ivpicscnt tlie social, inoiai, and pli^ =i- 
cal condition of the jjcople, as connected with their i>iirs',uts and iccreation. o. To 
exhibit the mutual icLitious of society, and to embody the results of the combined 
action of all in relation to externa! objects, with a \ieiv to the hijjh destiny of man." 

The ]>!an of t;ie \vorl< is copious and judicious, and the due execution of it \\ ill 
recpiire study, labor, and exactness. Tlie present volume, which embraces two hun- 
dred and ei:,'hty pa^'es, is printed on uood paper with fair type, and is well bound. It 
contains a great iiuantity of matter, interesting and useful, and its hi-torical cliaracter 
^vill rendrM- it none the li.--;s so. Tlie editor we doubt not v.ill exert !iim:-c!f to mal<e 
the work desL'r\-iiig of public patronage. 

7j\oi;)-fl/j/u'c(i/ Sketches of the Mond^ Familij ; cmbnicing nuticc-> often Miiii.<lcr!) 
and icccrul Laymen, from 1633 to 1>S4'2. 

'^ Just men iJicy iccrc, and all llicir xludij bent 
To it'orsliip God ariuht, and know Itis works 
' ; " Not liid ; nor those tilings last^ udikh miglit preserve 

Freedom ami peace to man.'' 
l>:i Cunrtcs C. P. Moody. Boston : I'ubli.^heJ by Samuel G. Drake, \o. 
5G Cornhill. 1S17. 

This r?mo volume of ir.S jiaizcs, besides the introduction, contains a brief account of 
Rev. Joshua IMoody, I'ortsmouth and Boston; llev. Samuel Moodv, Newcastle. N'. H., 
and Falmoutli, .Me.; Ilev. Samuel .Moody, pa.stor of the First Cl'iurch in York, .Me. ; 
Uev. Joshua -Moody, Star Islan.i, N. IL; Kev. Joseph bloody, pastor of the Second 
Church in York, Me. ; Joshua Mood\-, Esq , Portland, Me. ; Dr. Samuel Moody, Tort- 
land, Me.; Kev. John Abiody, New ^taiket, N. II.; Uev. Amos bloody, relliam, N. H.; 
-Mr. F.noch Moody, Forllaud, Me; De.i. Ijenjamin Mood)-, New buryport ; Uev. Samuel 
Moody, I'lincipal of Dummer Academy; Kev. Silas .Abjody, Arundel, .Me.; .Mr. I'aal 
.Moody, Wallhatn and Lowell; Sle[)hen Moody, Ksip, Cilmantoii, N. II.; Jcscph 
Moody, Ksip, Kennebunk, iMe. ; Kev. Kli Moody, (Jraiiby, Ms.; and a List of all the 
Graduates at the New England Colleges by the name of J\Ioody, in number 'SJ. The 
united ages of the seventeen persons noticed in these sketches amount to l,!-!.' years, 
averaging 07 years to each — the eldest being ^2, and the youngest 50 years. Mr. Wil- 
liam -Moody the principal progenitor of tlie name in New J'ngland, came, according to 
the most authentic accounts, fiom Wales, I'.n^land, to Ipswich in lo3Li, and removed to 
.\ewbury with tlie first settlers in li'i3.j. While this work is alfectiiiLrly serious, .•^ome 
portions ot it paitake of the character of novelty. No one can read the notices of 
Rev. Joshua .Moody of I'ortsmoutli and Boston, and of-' I'atlier Moody," " Handkerchief 
Moody," and ".Master .Moody,"' as they were called, without being deeply interested. 
We hnpe the volume will meet w itli a ready bale, and be jierused with spiiitual benelit. 

A Sermon* deliverid at Tly)noid]L on tliC twenty-<iecond of December, ISlii. JSy 
Murk ]Iojil:ins, D. 1)., President of irHliams College. Doston : Press ol T. K. 
jMarviii, 24 Coui^'ress Street. 1847. 

The text on which this di.-course is based is contained in Matt, \xiii.: S. " .\nJ 
all ) e are brethren." 

After the exordium and staling what is indicated in that far-reaching annunciation 



* Tliis Discourse makes llic Juitij-ninth di-coar<e oraddivss delivered oil llie^c Auniver- 
cary occasions. 



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200 Notices of New Publications, [April. 

of the text, And all yc are brdhren, the President says, "Columbus sought a passage 
to the Indies, and God revealed to him the whole rounded inheritance which h». creat- 
ed in the beginning, and intended fur the use of civilized man. Our Fathers sought 
for religious freedom, and God led Ihcm on to the practical recognition of those princi- 
ples laid down by Christ in accordance with which alone man can obtain that political 
and social and moral inheritance of which his nature is evidently capable, and which 
we believe God intended for liirn." The term brethren indicates equality and allection, 
and these must form the basis of a perlect society. This proposition Dr. Hopkiiis 
shows is sanctioned by the Scriptures, and is in accordance with the nature <( man. 
Having proved and illustrated the proposition, he urges upon the descendants of the 
Puritans to adopt this and this alone as the basis of our institutions, and to carry out 
this great principle of brotherhood. We conclude the notice of this appropriate and 
excellent discourse, by quoting the closing address: "And now, my friends, is :'Jt the 
star of hope which we see in this direction, a beautiful star? It is no meteor of a fer- 
vid imagination, or of a false philosophy. It is that great idea of a universal Christian 
brotherhood, pointed out by Christ, not in the text only, but everywhere, as an inher- 
ent ))art of his system. This star our Fathers saw, and is it any wonder, that under its 
inspiration and guidance, they should come across the ocean ''. Liteially they iound a 
lan'Un;.' here, but figuratively, the vessel which they launched is yet upon the deep, the 
multitude of their descendants is on board, and we too catch glimpses of the sanne 
bright star above the troubled waters. It may be that this vessel is not destined to 
reach the port. We hear moanings of the tempest, and see aspects of the elements 
which lead us to tremble for her. But where the bright image of this star has once 
fallen, it can never be effaced. This is our star. To it let the prow of our vessel be 
turned. Let every man be at his post, never ashamed of the plain rigging of his good 
ship, but always hearing that voice of duty, and of the God of our Fathers, which will 
speak above the roar of every tempest; and then if our ship must go down, the 'vill of 
God be done. But then she will not go down. Then the hand which guided the .May- 
flower, will guide her. Then will there be One on board, as we believe there always 
has beet>, who, though he may seem for a time to be asleep in the hinder part of the 
ship, will yet come, when the winds are loudest, and the waves are highest, and say, 
' Peace, be still.' " 

The Connecticut Register: Being a?i official Sta:c Calendar of public officers 
and institutions in Connecticut, for 1847. By Charles W. Bradley, Jr., clerk in 

the office of the Secretary of State. " Vineani tianstulisti. ejecisti gentes et 

planiasli earn. Dux itiiieris fuisti in conspectu ejus; piantasti radices ejus, et 
implevit terrara. Operuit montes umbra ejus, ft arbusta ejus cedros Dei. 
E.xteridit, palraites suos usque ad mare, et usque ad Huinen piopagines ejus.'' 
— Ps. Lxxx. Hartford : Published by Brown &. Parsons, Corner of Mali; and 
Asylum Streets. 

This volume of 224 pages 16mo, well printed and bound, for a work of the kind, em- 
braces much more Historical and Statistical matter than is usual in such publica*ions; 
as the chapter which contains the Annals of Conrecticut, the Patent and Charter of 
the Colony, Indian topographical names till now never extensively collected, list of 
Colonial olficers, and dates of town and court incorporations. The dilficulty which has 
heretofore existed in tracing out genealoijies from the records of the iMortuary Courts, 
is in part obviated by the table of their territoiial changes. The author, connected as 
he was, with the records of the State, possessed peculiar advantages in preparing 
the work The Register contains all the above articles in addition to those which 
have generally been inserted in its predecessors. It is a valuable book, and should be 
in the hands of every family in the State. 



{(^ We regret that we have not room to notice other interesting publications 
which wo have received. We shall give notices of them in the next number of 
the RejTister. 



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HISTORICAL AND GENEALOGICAL PxEGISTEE. 



VOL. I. ,/. \ , ,. . JULY, 1847. NO. 3. 



MEMOIR OF GOVERNOR ENDECOTT* 

It is now upwards of two centuries and a quarter since the des- 
potic sway of the English Sovereigns over the consciences of their 
subjects, induced all who entertained different sentiments from those 
of the established churcii, to turn their eyes towards the wilderness 
of America, as an asylum from the unnatural persecutions of the 
Mother Country. 

With this in view, some of the principal men among those who 
had already sought a refuge in Holland, commenced treating with 
the Virginia Company, and at the same time took measures to ascer- 
tain whether the King would grant them liberty of conscience should 
they remove thither. They ultimately efrectcd a satisfactory arrange- 
ment with the Company, but from James they could obtain no 
public recognition of religious liberty, but merely a promise, that if 
they behaved peaceably he would not molest them on account of 
their religious opinions. 

On the 6th of September, 1620, a detachment from the Church 
at Leyden set sail from Plymouth for the Virginia territory, but 
owing to the treachery of the master,f they were landed at Cape 
Cod, and ultimately at Plymouth, on the ]1lh day of December 
following. Finding themselves without the jurisdiction of tlie Vir- 
ginia Company, they established a distinct government for them- 



* Tins IMcinoir is an abstract, (taken by permission,) of a " Memoir ol" John Endecoll, 

First Covemor oflhe Colony ol' Massaelmsell.-, ]5av, by Charles M. Kndicoit. a ilesecniiaiit, 

of the seventh -eneralion :" — a work w.'ll preiian'.l, a'liil hatulsoiuclv I'rinteil in fnlio lonn, 

j containinj; llo patres, and just i>siied iVoni iho pnss, soIl-1v lur the private use ol' the liunily. 

j Our Memoir will be introduoc<l with a few nieliiiiiiiarv rViuaiks, and, oee,i>ioiuilly, will be 

j interspersed with passai:es respeetnifr the early history of the conntry. 

[ • t •''ee Morton's New Etiidaiid Memorial. The I'lanter's Plea noiiees the event as rather 

, tlie clleet oC accident !rom the prevailing winds than any desifc'-n on the part of the master. 

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selves. III the ycnr li)-^!, tli,j sucefss of ihi.s planlatioii was so favor- 
ably represented in llie A\'cst of J'lii^'Iaud, ihat the llev. John White, 
a dirftingnished niiiiisler in Dorehester, jjrevailed upon some mer- 
chants and otlur.ti to underltike another selllenienl in New England. 
Having j)rovi(led a common stock, they sent over several persons to 
begin a plantation at Cape Ann, \vhere they were joined by some 
disaffected individuals from the Plymouth settlement. This project 
was soon abandoned as unj)roHtable, and a portion of the settlers 
removed westward within the territory of Xaumkeag, which then 
^ included what is now Manchester. ])y the intercession and great 
exertions of Mr. White, the project of a settlement in that quarter 
was not altogether relinquished, but a new company was soon 
afterwards formed. One of this company, and the princijjal one to 
carry its objects into immediate elTect, was the subject of this Memoir. 
He was in the strictest sense of the word a Puritan, — one of a sect 
composed, as an able foreign writer has said, of the " most remark- 
able body of men which perhaps the world has ever produced. 
They were men whose minds had derived a peculiar cliaracter from 
^ the daily coniemi)lali()n of r?u{)erior beings and eternal interests. 
. Xot content with acknowledirin? in general terms an overruling 
■ Providence, they habitually ascribed every event to the will of the 
. Great Being for whose power nothing was loo vast, for whose in- 
spection nothing was too minute. To know him, to serve him, to 
enjoy him, was with them the great end of existence. They rejected 
with contemjit the cereiuonious homage which other sects substitu- 
ted for the homage of the soul. On the rich and the elo<iuenf, on 
nobles and priests, they looked down with contemi)t; for they es- 
teemed themselves ricii in a more precious treasure, and clociuenl 
in a more sublime language; nobles by the right of an earlier crea- 
tion, and priests by the imposition of a mightier hand." 

Jon.\ ExDKcoTT, whose name is so intimately associated with 
the first settlement of this country, and with whose early history his 
own is so closely interwoven, that, in the language of the late Rev. Dr. 
Bcnlley,-^- "above all others he deserved the name of the Father of 
Nkw Exglam)," was borji in Dorehosti'r, Dorsetshire, England, in 
the year P)SS. He was a man of gooil inlt-llectual endowments 
and mental culture, and of a fearless and independent si)irit, \\liii-h 
well lilted him for the various and trying duties he was di'siined to 
perform. Of his early life, and private and domestic eharacter, little 

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IS47.] Governor KiuhroU. 203 

is known; neillicr arc wo much better inforiiiecl as lo liis parentage, 
except that liis family was of respet-tablc standing and niod(.'rate 
lortnnes. lie bclongetl to that class in J'lnghuid called esquires, or 
gentlemen, composed int)stly at that period of the independent land- 
holders of the realm. With thi' exeeplion, therefore, of a few lead- 
ing incidents, we are reluctantly o!)liLred to [lass (.)ver n<;arly the 
whole period of Air. Ihidecoll's life, jirevions to his engaging in the 
liiiterprise for iIk; settlement of New I'higland. History is almost 
silent ui)on the subject, and the tradition of the family has been but 
imperfectly transmitted and preserved. His letters, the only written 
productions wliich are left us, furnish internal evidence that he was 
a man of liberal education and cultivated mind. There are proofs 
of his having l)ecn, at some period of his life, a surgeon;^ yet, as 
he is always alluded to, in the earliest records of the IMassachusetls 
Company, by the title of Captain, there can be no doubt whatever 
that at some time previous lo his emigration to this couiUry, he had 
held a commission in the army; and his subsequently passing 
through the several military grades to that of Sergeant IMajor-Gen- 
cral of Massachusetts, justifies this conclusion, while the causes which 
led lo this change in his profession catuiot now be ascertained. 

While a resident in London, he married a lady of an intluenlial 
family, by the name ol' Aiuia Gouer, by whom, it is understood, he 
had no children. She was cousin to Mallhew Cradock', the Gov- 
ernor of the JMassachusells Company in ]']ngland. If tradition be 
correct, the circumstances which brought about this connection were 
similar to those which are related of John Aldcn and IMilcs Standish. 
Some needle-work, wrought by this lady, is still preserved in the 
Museum of the Salem East India iMarine Society.-f Mr. Endecott 
was also a broihcr-in-law of Roger Ludlow, Assistant and Deputy 
Governor of Massachusetts Colony, in the year 1G3I, and afterwards 
famous for llie distinguished part Ik; took in the govermnent of 
Connecticut. 

Ikit Mr. Endecolt's highest claim lo disllndion rests upon the fact 
that he was an intrepid and success^fnl leader o'i the Pilgrims, and 
the earliest pioneer of ihe Massachusetts settlement under the Patent. 
His name is foimd enrolleil among the very foremost of that noble 
b;uul, the fathers and foundta's of ?\ew hhiiiland — those pious and 
devout men, who, firm in the faiih of the g(i>pel. and trusting in 

* 'I'lii' \U\'. Mr. I'llt li.is iri'i-iillv rouiiil aiMiinj -iiiur pMjJiTs ;it llio Slati- IIoii«\ I'.'M.ui. 
a lull iiKidu oin 111 I iiA-. l^iulci-.iii'.s u\\\\ iiaiiil-\\ ruin.', aiiii (.if-fiilcil to lin.' (Jfiier.il Cuiirl, lor 
iIk- i-iirf (if a iiMU i-oiiiiiiiiti.i h> III- i-inv II,. ihrrc >i\li'?i Iiciii-lII " CliinirnCuii.'' 

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204 ■...,.,„, Monoir of '■- [July, 

God, went fearlessly forwanl in tlic daring ciitcrpripc, and hewed 
llu'ir liornes and their altars out of ilie wild forcvst, where they could 
worship "the C!od of their fathers agreeably to the dictates of their 
own conseiences." Such was the persecution to which the Non-con- 
formists in England were at this period subjected, that the works of 
nature were the only safe witnesses of their devotions. Deriving no 
honor, so far as we know, from illustrious ancestry, I\Ir. Endecotl 
was the architect of his own fame, and won the laurels which encircle 
his name amid sacrifices, sullerings, and trials, better suited to adorn 
an historical romance, than to accomj)any a plain tale of real life. 

Under the guidance and influence of the Rev. Air. Skelton, he 
embraced the princij)les of the Puritans; and in the beginning of 
the year 1G2S, associated himself with Sir Henry Roswell, Sir John 
Young, Simon Wheteomb, John IIumphrey,and Thomas Southcoat. 
in the purchase of a gi'ant, " by a considerable sum of money," for 
ihc settlement of the Massachusetts Bay, from the Plymouth Council 
in England. This grant was subsequently confirmed by Patent 
from Charles I. Mr. Endecott was one of the original patentees, 
and among the first of that company who emigTated to this country. 

Whatever may have been the objects of the first settlers generally 
in colonizing New England, there can be no doubt that his was the 
establishment and enjoyment of the gospel and its ordinances, as 
he supposed, in primitive purity, umnolcsted. AVith him it was 
wholly a religious enterprise. 

He sailed from Weymouth, in the ship Abigail, Henry Gau- 
dcn, master, on the 20ih of June, 1G:2S, and arrived in safety at 
Naumkeag, the place of his destination, on the Glh of September 
following. The company consisted of about one hundred planters. 

The following extract from "Johnson's Wonder- Working Prov- 
idence " will illustrate the estimation in which he was held at this 
period. "The much honored John Lulicat came over with them, to 
governe; a fit instrument to bi-gln this Wildernesse-worke; of cour- 
age bold, undaunted, yel sociable, and of a cheerfuU ?})irit, loving 
and austere, applying himselfe to either as occasion served. And 
now let no man be oflended at the Author's rude A'erse, penned of 
purpose to keepe in memory the Names of such wortliies as Christ 
made strong for himselfe, in this unwonted worlce of Ins. 

'^Joltn End'unt, twice Corcr/iur o/l/tr Kn^lisJi, i/tJiahiti/ig the 
Mdtftichitscts Bay in N. E>ii:lti)uJ. 

" Strong valiant John, wilt tliou niarrli on, .inJ take up station first, 
Christ cal'd hatli thee, his Souldier be, and failc not of tliy trust ; 



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1847.] Govcniur Endrcutt. 205 

WilJcrness wants Clirists j^racGSH|)[)lants, then plant his Churclics pure, 
"W^itli Toni^ues gifted, and graces led, liel[) thou to his procure ; 
Undaunted tliou wilt not allow, I\Ialignnnt men to wast: 
Chriats Vineyard hecre, whose grace should clicer his well-beloved's 

last. 
Then honored be, tliy Christ hath tlice their General promoted; 
To shew their love in place aljovc, his [leoplc have thee voted. 
Yet must thou fall, to grave with all the Nobles of the Earth. 
Thou rotting worme to dust must turn, and worse but for new birth." 

To this company, under iMideeott, belongs the honor of having 
formed the first permanent ami legally recognized settlement of the 
Massachusetts Colony. AVe do not say that they were \\\cjirst white 
men who ever trod the soil ; for we know when Endecott landed 
on these shores, he found here a few risliermen and others, the rem- 
nant of a planting, trading, and llshing establishment, previously 
commenced at Cape Ann, under the auspices of some gentlemen 
belonging to Dorchester, his native place, but soon abandoned for 
want of success. Their leader, the Ilev. John Lyford, had already 
emigrated to Virginia, and those of that company who removed 
their etlects to Salem, consisted at that time of some five or six per- 
sons, most of whom were seccders from the settlement at Plymouth. 
They were, however, only sojourners, disall'ected with the place, 
and requiring all the interest and entreaties of the Rev. John While, 
a noted minister in Dorchester, to prevent them from forsaking it 
altogether, and following Mr. Lyford to Virginia.^ Eut higher mo- 
tives and deeper purposes iired the souls and stimulated the iiearts 
of Mr. Endecott and his friends to commence a settlement, and 
to form new homes for themselves and their posterity in this wil- 
derness, before which the mere considerations of trallic and gain 
sink into comparative insignificance. It was the love of religion 
implanted decj) in the heart, that gave impulse and permanency to 
the settlement at Naumkeag, and the Massachusetts Colony gener- 
ally; and the commencement of this era was the arrival of Endecott 
with the first detachment of those holy and devout men who valued 
earthly pursuits only so far as they were consistent with religion. 
It was also at this period that u sort of definite reality was imparted 
to tliis region. Previously to this it liad been viewed as a sort of 
frrra iiirog-iuia, situated somewhere in the wilderness of America. 
But the arrival of the Pilgrims at this time dispelled the uneerlainfy 
in which it had l)ef(n-e been wraj)ped, and at the same time threw 

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aroiiiitl it the warmest syinpalliics and most earnest policilude of 
large iminbers who had nowljecoirie deeply intere.-led in its welfare. 
We, therelore, consider tin- laiidini: of l^iulecoit at lhi> place, as em- 
phatically the eommencement of its permanent sclllement, as an 
asylum for the j^ersecnted and oppressed of the .Mother Country. All 
prcviiius visiters wwc comparatively adventurers, with motives and 
purposes wiilely dillerent from those of that little band who first rested 
upon this s|K)t on the Gdi of September, ir)-2S. On that day, so lo 
sj)eak,was Ijreathed into the settlement of Naumkcag the breath of 
life, and it became as it were endued widi a living soul, folding within 
its embrace the dearest interests and most cherished rights of hu- 
manity, unrivalled in the interest she will ever excite as the most 
ancient town in the Alassachusetts Patent. 

On Mr. Kndecott's arrival, he made known to the planters who 
preceded him, that he and his associate patentees had purchased 
all the properly and ])rivileges of the l^orchesler partners, both here 
and at Cape Ann. lb,- shortly after removed from the latter i)lacc, 
for his own private residence, the frame house, which a few years 
before had l)een erected there by the Dorchester Company. It was 
a tasteful edifice, of two stories high, and of the prevailing order of 
architecture at that period, called the Elisabethean, which was but 
of slight remove from the Ciothic. Some of its hard oak frame may 
still be found in the building at the corner of \Vashington and 
Church streets, Salem, commonly known at this day as the "Endi- 
eott House." 

The alteration which now took jilace in the aflairs of the infant 
colony did not meet with favor from the first jilanters, and for a 
while prevented jierfect harmony from prevailing in the settlement. 
" One of the sul)jects of discord was the propriety of raising tobacco, 
Mr. Endecolt and his council 1)elieving such a production, except 
for medicinal purposes, injurious bodi to health and morals." Be- 
sides this, they probably viewed with no favorable eye the agree- 
ment in sentiment between Mr. Endecott and the Plymouth 
Church as to the j^ropriety of abolishing the ritual forms of worship 
of the Church of Enghand ; for an adherence to which they had 
already been obliged to leave the Plymouth settlement. Mr. En- 
decott represented these dillicultics lo the home government; and 
in answer to his commimication they sav, ''That it may appear 
as well to all the worlde as to the old planters themselves, that we 
seke not to make them slaves, as it seems by your letter some of 
lliem thini; themselves to be [)ecome by means of our jjatent, they 



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arc allowed to br: i)artakcrs with us in all llio jirivilegcs wc have 
with so HHuh labor aticl intercession obtained from the King; to Ije 
incorporated into the society, and (Mijoy not only those lands which 
formerly they have manured, but sueh a further proporticMi as the 
civil authorities think' best." 'I'hey were also allowed the c.ixluslcc 
privilege of raising their l'avc)rite weed — tobacco. 

The Comj^any's Court in Jiondon, actuated by that true sense of 
justice which ever marked its deliberations, were determined not to 
trespass on any of the rights of the ai)origines ; and to this purpose 
in their first two eonunuilicalions to Mr. Ihidecott, they desired 
him to take especial care, "that no wrong or injury b(- ofiered by 
any t)f our people to the natives there,"' and to satisfy I'Vtry ju>t 
claim which might Ijc made by iliem to the territory o[ Xaumkeag 
and the j)lant;Uion gejierally. To this record the sons of the "Pil- 
grims have ever turned with jieculiar jiride and exultation. And, 
says Felt, " h'rom his well-known promptitude and high sen>e of 
ecjuity, there can be no doubt that I\Ir. Endccotl fulfilled every ioia 
of such instructions.*' In his first letters to the home govermnenl, 
lie suggested various things to advance the interests of the Colony ; 
such as the manufacture of salt, cultivation of vineyards, sending 
over fruit-stones and kernels, grain for seed, wheal, barley, and rye; 
also certain domesticated animals; all i>f which were shortly after 
transported to this country. 

The answer to this letter bears the date of Ai)ril li), 1G29, 
wliercin thi-y inform him, that the Company "are much erdarged 
since his departure out of England," and lor strengthening their 
grant from the Council at Plymouth, they had obtained a con- 
firmation of it from his Majesty by his Letters Patent, under tlie 
broad seal of England; incorporating them into a body politic, with 
ample powers to govern and rule all his Majesty's subjects that 
reside within the limits of their plantation ; and that, in jiroseeuliou 
of the good opinion ihev have always entertained ol him, they 
have confirmed him (iovernor of the Colony. No ad\cnlitious 
circumstances of fortune or birth aided him in his appointujciit to 
this, even then responsil)le ollic-e ; for although the Colony was at 
this time few in immbers and I'ceble in cllort, yet in its ^uccess 
were involved the most momentous interests, and cNaay thing de- 
jiended upon the right imi)nls(; and direction being ;,iven to its 
aftairs. In the words of the llecortl, "haAing taken into ^\\\v con- 
sideration the hicrill, u-(irlh,\uid i:(i(iil <lcst/i of Captain .lohn ]'aide- 
cott, and others lately gone over from heme, with i)inpo^e to rc.-yde 



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20S ;• . Memoir of [Julyj 

and continue there, wee have with full consent and author! tic of 
this Court, and creecon of hands, chosen and elected the said Cap- 
tain John Endecoll to the phice of i)resent Govcrnour of said Plan- 
tation." They furllier speak of the conlidence tiiey rej)osc in him, 
in tlius committing' the alfairs of the Colony into his hands. Gov. 
Cradoek also eoniplinienis him upon his motives and conduct; and 
the Company inform him, that tjiey are disappointed of the pro- 
visions ordered to be sent for himself and Mrs. Endecott, but (God 
wilhng,) they purpose to send them by the next vessel. It is also 
believed that at this time Mr. Endecott ordered the fruit-trees, which 
afterwards constituted his orchard upon the farm granted him in 
1G3--2, of which one venerable patriarch, the celebrated old pear-tree, 
yet remains, having withstood the "pcltings of pitiless storms" for 
upwards of two hundred winters, and still dropping down its rich 
fruit into the bosoms of his distant descendants. 
, In a second letter, ilated the '2S\h of May following, the Compa- 
ny remark: "Wee have sithence our last, and according as we 
there advised, at a ft/// and ample Court assembled elected and es- 
tablished you, Captain John Endecott, to the place of present Gov- 
crnour of our Plantation there, as also some others to be of the 
Council with you, as more particularly you will perceive by an 
Act of Court herewith sent, confirmed by us at a General Court 
and sealed with our common seal." -i 

The model of the Government established by this " Act of 
Court," consisted of a Governor, and twelve persons as a Council, 
styled "Tin: (Jovkk.voi.k and Council or London's Plantation 
IN Tui: Mattaciiusktts Bay in New England." They were to 
elect a Deputy-Governor, for the time being, from among their 
number; were authorized also to choose a Secretary and other 
needful officers. They were empowered to fill vacancies in their 
body, occasioned by death or otherwise. The Governor, or in his 
absence the Deputy, might call Courts at pleasure, and they had 
power to establish any laws not at variance with those of England; 
" to administer justice upon malefactors, and inflict condiirn pun- 
isliment upon all oirenders." To make an act valid, the Governor 
or his ]X>puty was always to vote with the majority. A form of 
oath was sent over at this time to be administered to iMr. Endecott 
as Governor, and one also for the other oHicers of the government, 
lie took the oath and was inducted into olfice. Here, then, we 
conceive, is direct and incontrovertible testimony that I'^ndecott was 
app(.inied the Jirs/. Governor of Massaehusi'tls under its Colonial 



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1847.] ''" Governor Endccott. ^ 209 

Cliarter from the King. It is so stated by Joselyn, Hutchinson, 
and Prince. lie received the Charter, and tlic docunriciitary evi- 
dence of his conslitiuional authority as (iovcrnor, both at the same 
time. To Mr. Kndeeott was given, to act under it, all tlie pow- 
ers which his immediate successors ever exercised. Tliey were con- 
ferred upon him too, by the same body who subsequeiUly elected 
INIr. Winthrop to that ollice. The abolishment of the bpard of 
control in England, and the transfer of ''the government of the 
plantation to those that shall inhabit there," and instead of choosing 
the Colonial Croverimrs in Old l^ngland by members of the Compa- 
ny there, to choose tliem by members of the same Company who 
were in New England, could not weaken the validity of his claim 
to be considered they//>7 (Iovcrnor of the Massachusetts Colony. 

It was well for .Mr. iMidecott that he possessed an ardent and 
sanguine temperament, which nothing could daunt, otherwise the 
innumerable discouraging circumstances which met him in this, his 
new abode, in every form, amid sickness, death, and privations of 
every kind, well suited to appal the stoutest hearts, would no doubt 
have wrought their eflects upon him, to the prejudice of the whole 
plantation. But such was the energy and firmness of his character, 
aided, no doubt, by a religious enthusiasm, which induced the be- 
lief that it was the purpose of Cod to give them the land of the 
heathen as an iniuTitance, that neither his faith nor confidence in 
the ultimate success of the undertaking ever for a moment forsook 
him. In every crisis, this little band looked to him, as the weather- 
beaten and tempest-tossed mariner looks to his commander, next to 
Goel, for encouragement and su])})ort; and they did not look in vain. 
Such was the great mortality among them, during the Hrst winter 
after their arrival, arising I'rom exposure to the rigors of an untried 
climate, and their being badly fed and badly lodged, that there were 
scarcely found in the settlement well persons enough to nurse and 
console llie sieic. 'i'o enhance their distress, they were destitute 
of any regular mctlieal assislanct'. In this ])ainful dilemma a mes- 
senger was despatched by Mr. iMidecott to C!ov. Bradl'ord, of the 
Plymouth setlhauent, to j)rocure the necessary aid; and Doctor 
Samuel haulier, tlie j)hysician, who was a ))rominent member and 
deacon of the Plymouth Cliureh, was sent among tlu'in. During his 
visit, Mr. Endccott was called by Divine Providence to sutler one of 
the heaviest o^. earthly alllictions, in the death of his wife, the j)artner 
of all his sorrows, wlu) had forsaken home, kindred, and the sympa- 
thy of Iriends, aiKl consented tt) share with him the cares and pri- 



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210 ^remuir of ' [July, 

valions inciflout to a new sc'lilciru'iit. Surrounded l)y savages, and 
from llie cirrumstances of the ease, plaeed in a great degree beyond 
tlie pale of eivilized .soriety, lier sympathy and eounsel nuisl neces- 
sarily have been very dear to him. She must have entwined herself 
about his alTeetions, as the tender ivy winds itself round the lordly 
oak. Her slender and delieate frame was iiot proof against the 
rigors of a New England elimatc. Born and nurtured in the midst 
of luxury and ease, she eould not withstand the ]-)rivalions and 
hard.>hips of her new home, and she fell a vielim to her self-saerific- 
ing disposition. Painful indeed must have been the ])arting, and 
severe the trial to J\Ir. Endeeolt, Under the inlluenee of the feel- 
ings whieh this allliction produced, he wrote the following letter 
to Crov. J^radford : — ; ■ - \.- ■>'■■■ 

"Right WoRsnirruLLi: Sin, — , . . / 

" It is a tliiiii^ nol usual that servants of one IMaster, and of the same 
liouschoKl, slioulJ be slian;,'ers. I assure you 1 desire il iiul ; Nay, to 
speak more phiiiily, I ccuinol be so to j/otf. Ciod's jieople aie all marked 
with one ant! the same mark, and have for the main one and the same 
heart, guidcil by out.- ami the s-.uiie spirit of truth; and where this is 
there can be no discurtl, nay, here nuist needs be a swcel harmuny ; 
and the same request willi you, I make unto the Lord, that we as 
Christian brethren bo united by an lieuvenly and nnfeiiraed love, bind- 
ing all our hearts and forces in furtheria;; a work beyond our strength 
with reverence and fear, fastening oiu- eyes always on llim tliat is only 
able to direct and prosper all our ways. I acknowledge myself much 
bound to yoLi, for your kind love and care in sending Mr. Fuller amongst 
us, and rejoice much that 1 am by him satislied, touching your judg- 
ment of the outward form of Cod's worship: It is as far as I can gather 
no other than is warranted by the evidence of truth, and the same 
which I have professetl and maintained ever since the Lord in mercy 
revealed himself unto mee, being tar from the common report that hath 
been S[)read of you in that particular; lait God's jieople must not look 
for less here below, and it is a great mercy of God that he strcngthen- 
eth them to go through it. I shall not need at this time to enlarge 
unto you for (God willing) I [uopose to see your face shortly; in the 
mean tyme, I humbly take my leave o[ yon, conunltting you to the 
Lord's blessing anil protection, and rest. 

Your assured loving friend, Jo: Endecott. 

Naumkeag, .^lay 11, 1G29." 

The foregoing epistle is alike Inmorable to the head and heart of 
Mr. I'iudeeolt. llund)le, devout, ami ehastened feelings pervaile il 
throughout. It speaks a mind smisibly alive to religious in)pressions. 
The sentiments here expressed cannot fail to find a resi)onsc in the 
hearts of all redccting men, in this and succeeding generations. 
The magnitude of the uuderlakinu: in which they were engaged, the 



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1817.] Cuvcnior Kndcrult. lill 

necessity of union in their en'orls, and llie impossibility of success 
without direct dixiiie assistance, are here represented in huiL^nage 
appropriate and devout. 

Whether Mr. l-wulecolt carried Into execution his design iiuimatcd 
in this h'tler, of making (lov. l^radforrl a visit "shortly,'' is uncertain. 
On the 'll\\i of AFay, Ki'ii), in a rominunicarK,)n \o the aulliorilirs at 
home, lie complained that some pt rsons in liis jurisdiction disre- 
garded the law of J()"2"3, for the regulation of trade with the Indians, 
and ''desiring the Conipany woukl take the same into their serious 
consideration, ami to use some speedy means here lor reforn-ialion 
thereof." A petition was in consecpicnee presi-ntcd to the King, 
who in compliance therewith issued a new proc-hama'.ion, lorbidding 
such disorderly trading. These steps were no doubt taken in refer- 
ence to the associates of one 'I'homas Morton, whose residence al 
INlount Wolla-ton, or Alerry Mount, now t^nim-y, he visited shortly 
after his arrival in this country. This man .and his associates had 
alarmed all the well-disj^osed settlers, from l^iscatacpia to lM)inoulh, 
by selling arms and ammunition to the Indians, indulging them- 
selves in dissipation, and otherwise endangering the pi'aee and 
welfare of New England. The objeet of Air. I'aidecott's \i.->it ^vas 
to rectify abuses among tlu^ remaining eonlederales, Morton himself 
having been already ajiprehended, and sent home to England (or 
trial. lie went there, ^ve are toM, in the '-purefving spirit of author- 
ity," and caused their May-pole to be cut down, to which they had 
bei-n in the hal)it of allixing pieces of satirical c-ompc»silion against 
those who opposetl their wishes and praelices, and '-rebuked the in- 
habitants for their prolaneness, and admonished them to look' to it 
that they walked better." lie also changt:d the name of tin.' j)lace, 
and called it Mount Dagcni. The j)recise j)eriod of this visit is not 
known, and i! is not im[)robal)le that Mr. Endccott (>xleniled his 
journev at the time to I'lvmonth C'.ilony. However this may Ijc, 
a warm friendship soon grew up between (lov, Bradford and him- 
self, which continuetl wiihoul interru[)lion lor the remainder ot 
their lives. 

As yet no steps had been taken in the Colony towartls the estab- 
lishment of a ri'formed (.^hureh for proi)aga!ing the gospel, \\ hieh 
they professed abov<' all to l)e their aim in settling this I'huitalion. 
June oOth, lO'iO, the Ivev. I'raneis Iligginson arrivi'd at Naumkeag, 
and the Rev. Mr. Ski'ltmi, tln^ t'arly friend and spiritual father of 
Mr. I'lndecott, -.irrived about the same time. They had been sent 
over by the liome gcnaa-mncnt. Air. Iligginson thus sp.eaks of his 



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reccj)lioii by Mr, EiidccoU : '• Tlie next morning (30ili) the Gov- 
ernor came aboard to our ship, and bade us kindly welcome, and 
invited inee and my wilH- to come on shore and take our lodgings 
at iiis house; which we did accordingly." The settlement, we are 
told, then consisted of "abuut hall' a score of houses, w ith a lair house, 
newly built, for the Clo\ernor. W'e found also abundance of come 
planted by them, very good and well liking. Our Ciovernor hath a 
store of green pease growing in his garden, as good as ever I eal in 
England. ^ '^ -^ ^ Our Governor hath already planted a 
vineyard, with great hopes of increase; also mulberries, plums, rasp- 
berries, currants, chesnuts, fdberts, wahmts, small nuts, hurtleberries, 
and haws of white thorn, near as good as our cherries in England 
— they grow in plenty here." » i w 

Shortly after the arrival of Mr. Iligginsoii and Mr. Skelton, the 
necessary measures were taken })reparatory to the seiilemenl of a 
religious congregation in accordance with the views of the Puritans. 
In this they were aidt^d by Mr. Endecott, and the most intelligent of 
the colonists. Having lirsl concluded a satisfactory form of church 
government and discipline, which was submitted to Mr. Endecott 
for approval, the Gth of August, 16'-29, just eleven months after 
his arrival, was the time selected for this "little band of devout Pil- 
grims to enter into solemn covenant^ with God and one another, 
and also for the ordaining of their ministers." Ey Mr. Endecott's 
order, a solemn day of " humiliation" had been held on the 20th of 
July preceding, for the choice of pastor and teacher. An important 
step was about to be taken — a new j)riesthood was about to be 
established — all allegiance to, or alliance with, any other church on 
earth was about to be dissolved I It was a subject of momentous 
concern with the Colonists, and called into exercise all their moral 
heroism and spiritual courage. Mr. Bradford, the Governor of the 
Plymouth Colony, came here by sea, and arrived just in season to 
give the right hand of fellowship. Of all that little band, gathered 
together on this occasion, none felt a deeper interest, or took a more 
responsible part, than the subject of this Memoir.f ■ . . 

* See Covennnl, p. 22 1. 

t Tlio Itcv. Mr. U))1kiiii, in his Dedication Sermon, in 1^2i', tluis speaks of him : "John 
Enilec<jtt, (n uv.wx, who to the tiuuhties wiiieh have leiulereil hiiu ilhi>lnoii>. as an ell'eclual 
leader of colonization, as a g-aUant sohher, as a sivillfnl slalesniaii, a(h!eil a knowledge of liie 
Scriptures, and a ilevont piety, whirh \sill ever hallow lu- memory,) early in tlic year 1')--'. 
betore the formation of this church, wrote to Gov. I'radford re>pectnii,' a conterenee lie had 
lield with a gentleman sent to him iVoiu rivniouih, (i)r. I'uller.) on the >uhjeet of church insti- 
tution and jjfovernnient. In tins letter we liiid no acknowledgment of any nther authority la 
such a matter than his own private judirnient, ami no de>ire expressed, or ultempt exliiluted. 
to force his judi'inenl upon others."' The letter here referred to is the one already cited. >i| 
May 11, li;2'j. •■ The standard," say-> .Mr. Uphum, '-by which Mr. Lndecii made up hi> 
jud^'meni in thi> matter, was certainly no hiIht than llic standard of l'rote.slanlism — the 
Scriptures, as they were opened to hi.s understandmg." 









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-^^"^'^•] Governor Endccott. 



213 



AVe now approach an important event in ilio lii.>fory of the Colo- 
ny — the removal of its entire government to New En-land. Gov 
Cradoek, with whom the idea appears to have originatecf, ac<iuaintcd 
the ]Vopnetor.s, at a meeting of the Court, July 28, JG2'J, that, for the 
purpose of advancing the interests of the IMantation, and iiiducing 
ai.d encouraging persons of worth and cpiality to transport tliem- 
selves and their families thither, as well as for other weighty reasons, 
It was proposed to transfer the entire government to diis country' 
and continue it no longer in subjection to the Company in England! 
Soon after this communication, an agi-eement to that ellec'l was 
drawn up at Cambridge, and among those who signed it was their 
future governor, John Winthrop. It was one of tht^stipulations thai 
they shnuhl settle their ail-iirs so as to be ready for the voya-e hither 
by the first of March. This appears to have' been the liist^onnec- 
tion Mr. Winthrop had with the settlement of this soil. On the 29th 
of August following, at a meeting of the Court of Proprietors, in 
London, this change in the government was decided upon. On'the 
16th of October, at another meeting of the Court, it was conceived 
"fitt that Capt. Endecott continue the government there, unless just 
cause to the contraric." But on the 20ih of the same month, Gov. 
Cradoek informed the Proprietors that in accordance with the altera- 
tion of the government now about to take place, it was necessary to 
elect a new Governor, Deputy, and Assistants; when John Winthrop 
was put in nomination, and unanimously chosen (lovenior. In like 
manner, John Humphrey was chosen "Deputy-Governor," and Sir 
Richard Saltonstall, Matthew Cradoek, John Endecott, with ilfteeii 
others, were chosen a board of "Assistants." 

On the 12th of June, 1G30, the ship Arbella, Capt. Milburne, hav- 
ing on board Gov. Winthrop and company, and a duplicate 
Charter ol the Colony, of the same tenor and form as Gov, Ende- 
cott's,^ arrived at Naumkeag, having sailed from Cowcs March 29. 
IMr. Endecott, who had already been apprized that he was shortly 
to be superseded in the Governorship of the Plantation, repaired on 
board to welcome the new Governor, and olTer him and his friends 
the hospitalities of his house. Among the distinguished personages 
were Isaac Johnson and his wife, the Lady Arbella, daughter of the 
Earl of Lincoln. Speaking of Mr. Endecott's visit. Gov. Winthrop 
says, « Wee thai were of the Assistants and some other gentlemen 
and some of the women, returned with him to Nahumkeck, where 
wc supped on good venison pastry and good beer." At the time of 
the arrival of th<; new Governor, wholesome and salutary laws for 



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214 ^. Me>,iuir of [July, 

ihc govern rnent of llie Colony had been instituted by Endecolt, 
under tlie authority iriven him by the. Charter, and tlu; settle- 
int-nl had ah'cady a^.-^lllned the eoiidilion of a well-organized and 
regulated body poliiie. A ehin-eli, with faiihrul tiiini>1er.-<, wliieli 
they profe^^ed to \alue above all tein])oraI ijitere^ts and earlhly 
grandeur, had also iieen established, and the wheels of governmciil 
were moving on harmoniously, U|)t)n a safe and sure ioimdation. 
Under this state of things, Mndeeott now surrendered the eivil j)ower 
into the hands of Cov. \Vinlhro|), and took upon himself the more 
humble a))pointment of one of the Assistants. Vet "the prineiplesof 
Winthrop's administration," says the Annalist of Salem, " were like 
those whieh had direeted the eourse of his predeeessor. 'J'he coin- 
meneemenl of lt\gislation, whieh was to have an important part in 
promoting soeiul freedom, thai has spread and is spreading in the 
world, bci^ruu at Naumkeag, under Endecolt, and was voidinncd by 
his worthy sueeessor." 

Soon after the arrival of Cov. Winthrop, ihe new settlers began 
to be dissatisfied with Salem, as l!ie capital of the Colony. It did 
nol combini.-, in their ojsinion, suflieienl advantages of k)eation, soil, 
and natural means of defenee. A party, therefore, was sent to ex- 
plorc the country westward, to discover, if possible, some more 
suitable situation. It had been ihe darling object with Endecolt to 
make Salem the seal of govermnent ; he, however, bowed in sub- 
mission, and continued his eJforts to advance ihe common weal. 

On Ihe ISlh of August, 1(5:30, Gov, Endecott entered into a new 
matrimonial alliance with Elisabeth Gibson of Cambridge, England. 
This lady probably came over in the ship with Gov. Winthrttp, and 
the marriage ceremony was performed by him and the Rev. Mr. 
AVilson, afterwards pastor of the first church in Boston. This con- 
nection apj)ears to have been a happy one, although there was a 
much greater disj)arity in their ages than prudence and judgment 
would seem to allow — the dilierenec being about twenty-six years. 
Such was his ardent and growing attachment to the j)lace of his 
adoption, thai when it was decided in December, 1G30, to fortify 
Newton, now Cambridge, for the seal o^ government, and to build 
houses, and move their military stores to that jjlaee next sprim--, he 
could not be i)revailed upon to (piii his aeeustomed residence. All 
thi> members, except himself and M\: Sharp, who was about return- 
ing to England, agreed to do <^o- but Mr. Endecolt excused himself 
upon the ground that he had so formed his connections in Salem, 
that it would be attended with great inconvenience. 



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1817.] - Governur Enderoti. 2J5 

On the 3rd of July, hV.y}^ tlio Court of As.si>l;int.s granted Mr. 
Endecotl three hundred acres of land, called by die Indians in Eii"'- 
Jish, " J]ireh\vood," afterwards known as his "Orchard l'\irin.'' It 
was situated between two and three miles in a norlhcrlv direction 
from the main settlement at S.ilcni, uj)on a toni^me of land Ijounded 
on the north, south, anrl east by rivers, ox more jjroperly inlets of the 
sea, and on the \vc>i by the main laml. V.ww at that early period, 
it was one of the most desirable situations in that vicinity. Thou<di 
at some distance from the jilace which was al'terwards selected for 
the seat of the ^a)vernment, and where the Court House was erected, 
yet he was in the centre of the |)opulaiion, bcini; by land nearer to 
the shores than he was to the cultivated firms around him. It was 
many years after he establislu'd himself at this beautiful place, so 
near all the streams which pas.-cd throm;li the adjacent country, 
before any incorporation separated Salem frt)m the iMcrrimack. 
For twenty years Salem bounded on Andovcr. 'J'he spot then was 
the best he could have chosen. On a commanding eminence, which 
overlooked the country for some distance around, and about one 
eighth of a mile from one of the inlets, he built his house, and com- 
menced in earnest the cultivation of his farm. Although the jjlough- 
share has frcpicnlly passed over it, yet i)art of the cellar of this house 
is plainly discernible at the present day. it is a romaniic situation, 
and denotes him to have been a man of much discriminaiion and 
taste in matters of this kind. On his iarm he lived in a sort of feu- 
dal style, surrounded by his servants. 

In front of ids mansion hous<', and immediately upon the south- 
ern slope of a gentle declivity, he planted his iar-famed orchard, 
which gave the name to his farm. The tradition that the Oovernor 
always pointed out his dial, which bears the date of 1030, as denot- 
ing the age of his orchard, seems to indicate that the trees were 
removed hither I'rom his town residence. Here, too, it is said, he 
introduced, for medicinal i)urposes, as well as ornament to his 
garden, the " white-weed," which has since become so detrimental 
to the hay-lields of our fu-mers. 

His usual mode of transporting himself and family to and from 
this place, was at lirst by water, and he was as often visited by his 
Iriends in this wMy, as in any other. 'The inlet before the mansion 
house had nothing to interrupt it — the passage was open to the bay, 
and at that early period must have been delightfully romantic. The 
shores on either side thickly elodied with wood, whose dark images 
were ndleeted in the still water> beneath ihcm, were piciurcM|Uc in 






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21G Memoir of [July> 

tlic extreme. The bold jutting headlands, on some parts of the 
passage, lent a sublimity to the ])rospcct, whieh was continually 
varying by the winding and circuitous course of the stream.* 
There was nothing to break the stillness, or disturb the (juiet which 
reigned around, save the dashings of their own little boat amid the 
waters, or the heavy ])lunge of some lordly sea-bird, in his gyratory 
wanderings in pursuit of j^rey. The smoke i'rom the humble and 
solitary wigwams of the Indians, thinly scattered along the margin 
of the waters, with an occasional glimpse at their tawny inhabitants, 
as they stealthily watched the passing boat I'rom their h-afy hiding- 
places, or listlessly reclined under tlie shadow of some wide-spread- 
ing oak, heightened the ellVct, and diversified the scene. W^ithin 
the last half-century, the ruins of some of these wigwams might 
have been seen,f and could not have (ailed to excite most melan- 
clioly rellections respecting the wretched fate of these natural lords 
of the soil, throughout our vast country. 

August 2, 1G31, Mr. Endecoit was called to mourn the death of 
his early and particular friend, the Rev. Mr. Skelton, who had be- 
come endeared to him as his spiritual guide, in first opening to his 
view the way of truth while in l^ngland, and who had followed 
him to this country to counsel and direct him in paths of piety and 
happiness. This event must have been to him a severe aflliction. 

About this time a Military lioard of Corumissioners, with almost 
unlimited powers, was established by the General Court, and Mr. 
Endeeott was appointed one of its members. 

On the ISth of September, this same year, the Colony was thrown 
into consternation, and alarmed for its liberties, by the news from 
England, that a commission had been granted to two Archbishops, 
and ten others of the Council, conferring on them the authority to 
regulate the Plantations of New England ; to establish and main- 
lain the E]:)iscopal Church in this country; to recall its Charter; 
remove its Clovernors; make its laws; hear and decide its legal 
cases ; and apjioint its j)unishments, even death itself.."j: Intelligence 
was also received at the same time, that a new Governor was being 
secretly conveyed to IMassachusetts, with orders which, if executed, 
would prostrate all its civil and ccclesiastictd rights. Gov. Cradock 
had already informed them that the King's Council had demanded 

* " Kcrnwood," the summer rosidtncc df I'"r;mii> riatiody, E<i|., i< vimaioil on llic borders 
of tliis ^Iroam. ainl U>r beauty ol'locatinn is imi viirpas-Lil m iiiai part ul'tlie cnuiitry. 

t Cliai-Ii;s M. Iludicotl, Ksij., di^tiiictly n oullcois Ins visiting', wlicn (juile a Imy, one of these 
ruins ou llic borders nf this stroam, situated iu tlie midst ul'a locust grove, ia the vicinity olllie 
' Endecdtt Ruryin?" Ground.' 

} Mass. liibt. Coll., 1., IV., 1). Uy. 



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217 



lliL'ir CliarliT, Such was llic )iiiivfrs;il atixiciy llii> ihavs awaki'iiod, 
that lln' idea of rc-islaiicc appears iiiiimilialcly 1<i have po-scsst'd 
llii; iiiinds of ilic iiiliabitants,^ and the lortilicaliims were ha>U'iicd 
ior\var<l, and an asM-ssiiicnt laid ol'nn addiliotial rate ol Inr hundred 
pounds for deleju-e. The.-e tidiiiL'-s weri- received with indii/naiit 
fet'liiigs by Mr. Mndeeoit. ] [e >a\v by this step thai all iheir di-ar- 
Ijought privile^'es, piirt-hased al >ucli iimiicnse saerifiees, whleli none 
could belter appreciate than hiui-cjl', were aliout to be violenlly, as 
with a ruthless de-ptjti-^ni, wre-^tcd from tlieiii. His independeiU 
spirit could not (piietly broolc such hi-didiaiidcd inlrliiueuieuls upon 
iheir cliarli'red rii,dits. and he resolved in all the allairs of \\\r ( 'olouy, 
in which he had anv .-hare tu' inllueiire. to pur.-ue that course which 
In; deemed iuo>l lor lua- interests, whether il led hiiu ox^a- plain.-> or 
inouiUain>, thruui/h llowers or thorn-, d'hcre was e\hil>ite(l in lii< 
actions, on al! oeea-ions, a fortiUKle, which >heiws hiiii loriued )(>r 
p;reat enicrL'eucies. Probably under the iulluence o! leeliui/s j)i-o- 
duced by this intelligence, and excited l)y that ardiaU zeal whic-li 
marked his character through life, he shortly after caU the retl cross 
from the King's colors, deeming it a rt'lic of Popish idolatry. Tlii.s 
b(jld and tlariiiir act was eonsidia-ed an insult, as well to the e>tal)- 
lishcd Uhurch of J-aigland, as to the King himself; and the Colony 
dared not refrain from taking cognizance of it, lest it should call 
down upon their heads the vengeance of the whole Hritish hierarchy. 
There is auij)le I'videnee in the records of the Colony, that most ol 
the principal men, including (Joveruor W'iuihropj'i" agreed with hini 
oil this subject, in senlimenl and feeding. "The only ditrerencc 
between him and ollua-s was, he manifesletl his opinions by his -acts, 
while they, with more prudi'uee and safety, retained theirs in secret.*' 
]Iad il not been for fear of the conse([U(aici>s, instead ot being cen- 
sured, his conduel \\ould have been oiienly applauded. Hi:- bold- 
ness of action was made known in J-aigland. and looked upcui tlnae 
in the light i>f rebellion. ft wa- the lirsl blow struelc in detiaiicc of 
royal authoritv, and would no doubt ha\er-(is1 .Mr. JmuIccoU hi-- lilc, 
had it not been for those ti-oublcs which were then bcjiniiiug to 
galJKa- thickly, lilce a tempest, ab(uU-tln' devoied head of die imlorlr.- 
iiate Charl(!s I., and which e\-entu illy l)nrst upon it with a I'ury which 
nothing c'ould n^sist. invohing in its comse th • ruin i'\' his L'.overn- 
miaU, and the de.-lruction o'i his t)\\ii life, Th'' swortl. wilh whlili 



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218 ■■^'^^''^'*''' Memoir of .[July, 

this rebellious act is said to have been performed by Mr. Endecolt, 
has been preserved, and is now in possession of one of ihe family, 
to whom it has deseended in direct line, by right of primogeniture. 
Il is a plain, unornamcnted rapier, emblematical of the Puritan sim- 
plicity of our Forefathers. 

While these events were passing in this country, the Puritans in 
England were experiencing the most unmitigated persecution, at 
the hand of Archbishop Laud and his confederates. As their num- 
bers increased, the various modes of punishment were multiplied ; 
exorbitant fines were imposed; the pillory witnessed bloody 
scenes of human agony and mutilation; the scaffold and dungeon 
had their victims; the lash, the shears, and the glowing iron were 
most cruelly applied to individuals of this proscribed sect.^ But 
the faith of the Puritans rose superior to oppression, and coi:!d not 
be overcome. The most bloody persecution served only to add 
new converts to their cause. 

In 1G36, Mr. Endecott was appointed an Assistant, and was also 
sent on an expedition against the Indians on Block Island and in the 
Pcquot country, he acting as General of all the forces in the dc-iach- 
ment. During this year his views relative to the cross in the King's 
colors triumphed over all considerations, and the Military Commis- 
sioners ordered it 1o be left out. On the ensigns at Castle Island, 
in Boston harbor, they substituted the King's arms for the cross. 

During the year 1641, Mr. Endecott was chosen Deputy-Govern- 
or, and was contiiuied in office for the two succeeding year-. He 
was also appointed one of a committee to dispose of all lands or 
other properly belonging to the company at Cape Ann; and was 
commissioned by the Court, in conjuncii.^n with two others, Mr. 
Downing, the brother-in-law of Gov. Winthrop, and Mr. Hathorne, 
to procure the transcription of nineteen copies of the laws, liberties, 
and forms of oaths, and to subscribe them with their own hands, 
the Court having decreed that no copies should be considered au- 
thentic which were without their signatures. 

In 1642, he was chosen one of the Corporation of Harvard College. 
Passing over some minor things in the life of Governor Endecott, 
we arrive at the year 1G44, when his increasing inlluence and pop- 
ularity ensured his election as Governor, and Mr. Winthrop was 
chosrn Deputy-Governor. The claim of Salem to be made the seat 
of government, was now again revived, and it would be fair to infer 
from his welMuiown attachment to the place, that the project ]net 

* Neat's History of ihe Piirilans, Vcl II , dinp. T, 



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1S47.] • Governor Endecotl. 210 

with his hearty cooperation. Bat the efTort was not successful, ant! 
Boston still continued to be the capital. 'JMie Governor's salary 
was one hundred pounds. 

During tliis year of his administration, improvements in the mod(; 
of transacting business in the Legislature wv.xc introduced. The 
Magistrates and Deputies, for the first time, now held their sessions 
apart, and it required the concurrence of Ijoih bodies, to make an 
act valid. The office of a speaker to the Dei>uties was also thi; 
year ordained, and filled by an Essex man, Mr. William llaihorne. 

The conflicting claims of D'Aulney and La 'J'our, two French- 
men at Acadia, which had produced considerable excitement, were 
finally settled during this year, by the government of France sup- 
porting the claim of D'Aulney. His deputy came to Boston, and 
concluded a treaty w'ith Gov. Endecott, Avhicli was subsequenih 
ratified l)y the Commissioners of the United (Colonies of New 
England. 

The year following, (1645) Mr. Endecott was succeeded as Gov- 
ernor by Mr. Dudley. Other offices of honor and trust, however, 
awaited him. Pie was this year appointed Sergeant IMajor-General 
of Massachusetts, the highest military office in the Colony. lie had 
previously held a commission of Colonel in the first regiment formed 
in Salem, Saugus, IpswMch, and Newbury, in 1G3G, when John 
Winthrop, Jr., son of the Governor, was his I/ieutcnant-Colonel. 
He was also elected an Assistant, and one of the United Commis- 
sioners. 

In 164S, he was continued an Assistant, Sergeant IMajor-General, 
and Commissioner for the Province. 

Upon the death of Governor Winthrop, wdiieh took place on the 
26th of Marcli, 1649, at the age of 61, IMr. Endecott was again chosen 
Governor, to which office he was annually elected until the lime ol 
his death, with the exception of the years 1650 and 1654, wdien he 
held thai of Deputy-Governor. This w^as an eventful period in the 
iiistory of the Colony, as well as of the Mother C'uuntry. The vio- 
lent death of Charles I., the usurpation of Cronnvell, and the resto- 
ration of the Stuart family, took place while he was at the head of 
public affairs. The difi:lcullies and pt^rplexite's of his situation 
during this period were very great. But all his pul)lic acts were 
marked with a moderation and wisdom which do honor to him as 
an experienced statesman. Had he possessed less integrity or firm- 
ness, had his mind been at all vacillating, the conse(]nenees might 
have been a leclingly disaslrt)us to the best int'T( ^t- of the Colony. 



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Memoir of 



[July, 



111 the year l()')"2, uikIit his adMiiiilslratioii, a iTiiiit was cstab- 
lislic'd ill ilic C'oluiiv, lor coiniiiLr ^'liilliiigs, ^i^:-[)rnc•l•r^, and llirce- 
])('iUTs. Xo olluT of til'- Aiiicriran Colonics, il is ljL-li<'vcd, ever 
presumed to roin iiuMal into iiioiU'V. 'I'lK)iiL.di uiilawlul, il was 
passed over hy Croiinvcll and llie Parliaiiicnt, and rontinued after 
the Tvesloralion, for more than twenty yi'ars, 

Ahotit the vear Ki-l-'i, (<"ov. Paideeotl veinoved from Salem to 
i^ostoii, upon the re(pu'.->t of tlu; (leiieral Court that he \VL>ald do so, 
•'if his own necessary oeeasions would permit.*' Althoui^di the rea- 
soiia!)h"ness of this vecpiest must have been ai)parent to him, the step 
could not have been taken v/ilhout strong ieelings of repugnance. 
It must have been a severe struggle for him to have sej)arated iiim- 
self from the place of his adoption, towards wliicli he liad ever fell 
and exhibited the ino-t ardent attachment. His residence in IJos- 
ton was on the beautiful lot lately owned and occupied l)y Gardner 
Green, now Pemberton Square.^;" 

Governor ]-'ndecott iiad now (Ibo?) entered upon his seventieth 
vear, with a >hat!ercd couslilulion. and health seriously imiKured, as 
we learn by the following h'ttcr to Mr. John Levcrctt, the Colonial 
Ageni in iMigiand. 

Sir, 

I cannot write unto you ])y a more faithful friemlt than T have clone, 
who is able at lar'j;o, to relate to yon lunv tliiugs in general stand here. 
Anil that doth save nice some labour which at this lytac is a favor to 
nice. For in the extrcmiiy of hcale aiul after a long ^ic■l;ness, lain 
very faint; not litt to ilo(^ any thing, yet 1 cannot hut by these liearlilie 
salute yon in the Lonl, givnig you inany thanks for what you sent nie. 
For all" good ncwcs is welcome to us as you know lull well. Yet I 
cannot for the preseiil answer your eX[icct;Uioiis touching Ivoad Island 
and Clarke and Holmes, bat I'have ar.niainted the rest of the INlagis- 
tratcs with your letter, wlui were already to gather iiji suliicient testi- 
nionie to prove what you sjiolvC to the Protector, and enough to satisfy 
(we doubt not) vour o|)|)uiient, if he be a lover of truth Only we 
would have the (."eneral (\)urt act with us therein, which will not 
meet till September next, when I hope I shall procure a full answer 
to your former aiul last ictlers. 

What llic end is of that |)oint of Slate to make the Prutcctor King, 
I cannot fatliom it ; unless their pioifcring and his dcniall thereof in- 
gratiate him the more in the hearts of the people. The Lord in mercie 
guitle all to his glory, and the gcjod of thoNc' commonwealths over 
whom ho hath sell him. If there he any ui.iKuluiiiUe 1 pray you write 
niee a word about it, and other occurrence.^ that may tall out. I caii- 
Jiot be sufiicicntlie thankeliille lor what von wrote me lasl. Ureal 



'* Snow's History of li(>">l()ii. 

t 'I'his •■I'.iiliiriil IriL'lul" was none olli.'i- lliaii Mrs. T.cv.'Kll. the wile ol llio .\u'CiU. 



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, motions there arc in the world W'liii'h tlic T,(jnl diicct nnJ turn to his 
'ylorie, tlie overthrow of liis enemies and the |ii'ace and wdlaii' id' his 
I own [leoph'. Whieli is the prayer of Sir, 

Yonr verie lovein:^ tViend ami servant, Jo : ICNDKeuir. 

Boston, the 2'Jth lih ino., (June,) H'>o7. 



During the principal ]>art of (lov. T'^ndeeotl's adiuinisiralioii, and 
particidarly from KJ-l'Mo I(J()(), die ("(»k)ny, '•inuh'r his prii(h'iit and 
equal governuieul," made rapid prt)i:res3 in all dungs neee.s.-~ary to 
its respectability and iuii)or1auce. Its pt»pulation and wealth rapidly 
increased; its trade llourislied ; and its j'ortMgn iuterconrsi^ becairie 
every day uiore widely extended. I'ret^ adruis-icjn was allowed to 
vessels of all nations, and the importations ol' all commodities was 
subject to no ineumbranei! or restraint. 'I'lu; Colony look no notice 
of any act respecting navigation, or other laws made in hhigland 
for the regulation of trade. 'I'hey were never recognized as in 
force here, uidess reipdrcd bv tlk'ir own legi.daturc. 

In IGGS, the Court granted (!ov. JMidccott, 'HVir his great service, 
the fourth ])art of IJlock Island.'' At this time he was also elected 
President of thti body of Colonial Commissioners, ]reiH)whckl 
the doulde ollice of ( Jovernor of !Ma.-sachusctts and President ol the 
United Colonies. 

His conduct towards the aljorlgincs, that much abused and in- 
jured people, was always marked with forbearance, li'iiity, ami iidld- 
ness. To his eldest son .lohn. the Indians in 1 ()<)() gave a tract of 

■ land, which grant he a[)plicd to the Court to tonlirm. M"he (."ourt 
declined taking sut-h power on ilsell"; but at the same time, how- 
ever, it passed the highly complinu'iitary rcsolvt': 

The Court, "considering the many kindnesses which were shown 
the Indians by our honored (Jovernor in the infancy of these Plan- 

] latious, for pacifying tlu; Indians, tending to the common good ol 
the Planters; and in consideration t)f which the Indians were 
moved to such a gratuity unto his son, do judge meet to give the 
petitioner four hundred aca'cs of land."' 

Though Ciovcnior Mndecoit rcmoNcd from Salem to Poston in 
IG-jo, yet neither he nor .Mrs. Mndecoit removi'd their connection 
with the Salein chureli, until November, Kitil. A large and l)ril- 
liaiit comet made its a])pearance on the ITlh lA Xovcmbcr ot thi.- 

, year, and continued \o the llh of J''ebruar\ follow ini;. It was the 

I general beliel ol that ])erioil, that comets wen* omens ol i^ical i'\il. 

I One aj-tpearcd just before tin- death oi' that distinLiui-lnd di\inc. 
the Rev. .lohn Cotton ; and the death at this lime of their aged 



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222 • - :■' Memoir of ^ [ju]y^ 

(lovmior, and the troubles with whieh the Colony met the next 
year from the King's Commissioners, Hntehinson informs us, tend- 
ed to confirm the people in their opinion. 

We are told that "old age and the infirmities thereof coming 
upon him, he fell asleep in the Lord on the 15th of March, ]66o," 
at llje age of 77, " and was with great honour and solemnity inter- 
red at Boston," on the 23rd of the same month. Plis dernh was 
easy and traiuiuil. Tradition has handed down the fact, that the 
" <^hapel Burying-Ground " was the place of his interment. But 
the exact spot is not now known. No stone marks the resting- 
place of this intrepid Father of New England.^ Yet his name 
alone will ever be a monument to his memory, more enduring than 
marble, and as imperishable as the granite hills of his adopted 
country. 

Gov. Endecott came to this country in 1628, at the ao-e of 40 
and died in 1CG5, at the age of 77. During these thirty-seven years 
he was nearly all the time in public life, and for about seventeen 
years, or nearly half the whole period, he was Governor of the 
Colony. He was longer at the head of the administration than 
any other Grovernor of Massachusetts. 

He was a man of highly respectable natural talents, good educa- 
tion, a zealous Puritan, a brave man, a decided patriotic repul lican, 
a friend of learning and religion, a lover of God and his country. 

We frankly acknowledge that the conduct of Gov. Endecott in 
the religious intolerance of his day, may be considered a stain upon 
his escutcheon. Yet, while we admit that those severe measures 
which were adopted, especially when contrasted with the present 
unrestrained exercise of religious freedom m our country, were great 
blemishes on his administration, we think they certainly ought not 
to be regarded as such on his moral character. It was not the cause 
of religion alone, which was thought to be endangered by the dis- 
semination and triumph of such principles as were then advanced; 
but the overthrow of all civil government was looked upon as the 
ultimate result. Besides, the -inhole responsibility and obloquy of this 
dark page in our early history, should not be thrown upon him True, 
he was the ollicial organ through which was carried into elfcet the 
established laws of the Colony, and vox j'opuU was believed to be 
oox Dei. But so far as he was individually concerned, we think 
his motives were pure and elevated, and that all his actions were 

* 'Vcoriluig-lo tra.lition, his loinhstone was in a -roocl ,M;ite of preservniion down to the 
-■'.iiuu ,irr,ii(|Mi of ili^. Aiiicriciiii I!.cvolinioii, when ii wus Willi iiuny "Ihora dc:<tryvc<l bv 
llii; IJ :,li suidicTS, ul lliu liiiiii lliuy owiinicd Boston. 



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1847.] Governor Endecott. )iZ6 

based upon principle. Wilhont doubt he partook largely of the 
prevailing prejudices of the day; and the wild spirit of fanaticism 
found in him a strenuous and energetic opponent. ]3ut we hold 
that all men should Jje judged according to the light of the age in 
which they live, and the inlluences with which they are surrounded. 
In this dread of unlimited toleration he was not alone; it was the 
prevailing temper of the times, and the errors in this resj)ect, in 
which he shared in common with the wise and good of his day, 
arose rather from an error in judgment than any obliquity of heart. 
It has been remarked by a recent writer, that "Governor Endecott 
was undoubtedly the finest specimen to be found among our Gov- 
ernors of the genuine Puritan character, — of a quicic temper, which 
the habit of military command had not softened, — of strong re- 
ligious feelings, moulded on the sterner features of Calvinism ; 
resolute to uphold with the sword what he received as gospel truth, 
and fearing no enemy so much as a gainsaying spirit." " He was 
a very virtuous gentleman," says Secretary Morton, " and was 
greatly beloved of the most, as he well deserved." "In his public 
and private relations," says the Annalist of Salem, " he was a man 
of unshaken integrity. For my counlrij and my God^ was the 
motto inscribed upon his motives, purposes, and deeds. That he 
had his imperfections, there is no doubt ; but that he exhibited as 
few of them under his multiplied duties, as the most excellent men 
would in his situation, is equally correct. His many exertions for 
the prosperity of Salem, and his ardent attachment to if, should im- 
press his name and worth upon the hearts of its inhabitants, so long 
as its existence continues.". 

Thus lived and thus died, one of the principal founders and firm- 
est pillars of New England. 

At his decease he left a widow and two sons. The elder son left 
no children; — the younger was a physician, and resided in Salem. 
He was twice married ; and a family of five sons and five daugliters 
survived him. His second wife was Elisabeth, daughter of Govern- 
or Winthrop, and widow of the Ilev. Antipas Newman of Wenhan*. 

There exists a perfect genealogy of the Governor's family, so i'ar 
as relates to his descendants in NciW PiUglund We hope to puh- 
lish it in our next number. 

The Governor, and all his descendants, to the third generati<iii. 
(1724,) spelt their names Endecott', since then an / has ])een substi- 
tuted for the e in the second syll.ible. 

There; ■; an original portrait ol the Governor in posse^siot) of one 



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224 First Church Covenant. [July, 

of the family, taken tlie year he died. By this we learn that his coun- 
tenance was open, ener^,^etic, and independent, possessing much 
individuality of expression, and in perfect harmony with the char- 
acter of the man. According to the custom of the age, he wore 
mustaches, and a tuft of hair upon his chin. The miniature likeness 
which accompanies this Alemoir was engraved from this portrait, and 
is considered an excellent resemblance, and was presented by the 
family to the New England Historic Genealogical Society, Boston, 
at their solicitation. , , ., ,. , ,.(• 

Note. Tlie Cliartcr posesssed by Gov. Endecott, and wliicli is now in the Salem Athen- 
a-iini, and the Charter posse^^sed by Gov. Wjnthrop, and which i.s now in the Stale House 
Boston, appear to be duplicate orit,nnal Cliarter.s, |u-ovided lur in the Charier itself and i-Miher 
ol them copies, 'J hey are i)reeisely alike in all respects — the .same in phraseolo-y and ehi- 
iography,and the same m dales. Each Governor was eleeicj and commissioned by the same 
Company, and by the same Colony, acted under the .same Charter, wiih the same am,;, riiy 
and each alihe entitled to the oiricial designation ol" Governor, whether he was elected Ciove'r- 
iior by the Company m London, or by the Colony here, for both were elected Governor by each. 



'■ ORIGINAL COVENANT OF THE FIRST CHURCH IN SALEM.* 

We Covenant wiih our Lord, and one with another; and we do bind 
ourselves in the presence of God, to walk togetiier in all his ways, ac- 
cording as he is pleased to reveal liiinself unto us in his blessed word 
of truth; and do explicitly, iu the name and fear of God, profess and 
protest to walk as fullovvetli, ihrutigh the power and grace of oar Lord 
Jesus Christ. 

We avouch the Lord to be our God, and ourselves to be his people, 
in the truth and simplicity of our sj)irits. 

We give ourselves to the Lord Jesus Christ, and the word of his 
grace, fur the teaching, ruling, and sanctifying of us in matters of wor- 
ship and conversation, resolving to cleave unto him alone for life and 
glory, and to reject all contrary ways, canons, and constitutions of men, 
in his worship. 

We [)romise to walk with our brethren, with all watchfulness and 
tenderness, avoiding jealousies and suspicions, backdjitings, censurings, 
jirovokings, secret risings of spirit against them; but in all otiences ''to 
follow the rule of oiu- Lord Jesus, and to bear and forbear, give and for- 
give, as he hath taught us. 

In public or private, we will willingly do nothing to the offence of 
the church ; but will be willing to take advice for ourselves and ours, as 
occasion shall be presentetl. 

_ We will not in the congregation be forward, either to show our own 
gifts and parts in speaking or scrupling, or there discover the weakness 
or fn ilings of our brethren ; but attend an orderly call thereunto, know- 
ing Innv much the Lord may be dishonored, and his gospel and the 
profession of it slighted, by our distempers and weaknesses in pidjlic. 

We hind oinselves to study the advancement of the gospel in all 
truth and peace, both in regard to those that are within or without; no 
way slighting our sister chniches, but using their counsel as need shall 
be; nut laying a stumblingd)lock before any, no, not the Indians, wii.^^e 
good we desire to promote; and so to converse as we may avoid tiiu 
very a, 'learance of evil. 

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1847.] Heraldry. 225 

I 

Wo do hereby promise to carry ourselves in all la\\Ti.il obedience to 
those tliat arc over us, in Church or Comrnouweallh, knowing how 
well-pleasing it will be to the Lord, that they should have encourage- 
ment in their places, by our not grieving their spirits through our irreg- 
uhirities. 

We resolve to approve ourselves to the Lord in our particular callings, 
shunninir idleness as the bane of any state; nor will we deal hardly >r 
0[)pressingly with any, wherein we are the Lord's stewanls; 

Promising also unto our best ability to teach our children and ser- 
vants the knowledge of God, and of his will, that they may serve bun 
also; and all this not by any strength of our own, but l)y the Lorel 
Christ, whose blood we desire may sprinkle this our Covenant made 
in His Name. 



HERALDRY. 



In preparing this article we have consult'^d various writers n-i 
the subject of Heraldry, and not only sclec-icd our thoughts fiuM 
theirs, but used their language wliei] it appe;n-ed best adapted lo 
our object. For a more lull account of Heraldry in all its brancho^', 
we refer our readers to CJuillim's Banner Displayed, Camden s 
British Remains, Kent's Grammar of Heraldry. Edmonson's Com- 
plete Body of Heraldry, Leigh's Accidence of Armorie, Playfair's 
British ]3arone1age, Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, Noble's His- 
tory of the College of Arms, Lower's Cxiriosities of Heraldry, 
Dallaway's ]n([uiries, Newton's Display of Heraldry, Broun's Bi.r- 
onelage, Collins's Peerage of F^ngland, liclham's Baronetage of 
England, and tlie various Encyclopaedias. 

DEFINITION. 

HnuAT.DRY is the science of conventional distinctions impress', d 
on shiehJs, banners, and odier military accoutrements; or it is the 
art of armory and blazoning, or the knowledge of what relates 'o 
the bearing of arms, and the laws and regulations appertaining 
thereto. Arms in heraldry are ensigns armorial or marks of honor 
borne upon shields, banners, and coats of mail, in order to disii na- 
tion. The science of Heraldry consists particularly in the appropri- 
ation of figurative representations, designed, by suitable emblem-, 'o 
exhibit the achievements of valor, the descent of hereditary Iioikts, 
and the distinctions appertaining to nobility. 

The Degrees of Honor existing in England in L'jO?, were nine ; 
of which five were noble, as Centlcman, J-iSquire, Knight, Baron, 
and Lord; and four were excvlh'.nt, as Earl, Marcjutss, Duke, and 
Prince. — The Degrees of Honor existing in the Jiritish nation in 
1847 are eleven; namely, Geinleman, Esquire, Knight, Baron, Bar- 
onet, Lord, Viscount, Earl, Marquess, Dukt, and Prince. 

ORIGIN A\D HISTORY 

Ani ^ may l)elong to individuals, to lamilies, or to countries. 



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226 



Jlcraldrij. 



[July, 



Biulgos and rrnblems on shirl.ls aii.l hrlms occnrrcd in ll„- earliest 
\^nn'.:^ rn Nun.bers. {rhnp. i: r,-i.) tlie ehiMren d Israel are en- 
loincd to |)ii.-h li.eir tenls, -..very Hiiu, by his ovvn eanm and every 
^n^xn hv I,,. oua, siandard." will. th,. ensi::„s of his laih.r's huusi. 
IH-' -reek and J.ouian poets ^peak of painlinirs and deviee. on 
suHds and hel.nef^. These symbols were, moreover, hereditary. 
J hns \,M...phon P-la1es that ihe kin-s of the Mede.s bore a -olden 
<-ij: e on the,r .hi.-ld<. Suetonius as^erK that Doniitian ^had u 
irolden beard for his .oat of arn.s ; and Taeilus says of the aneient 
^.mnans. ,i,;a they marked their shieMs with briUianl colors, and 
tliat eerlain .stan.lards were !,orne before them in battle. Xotwilh- 
-^tan.lin- 1!,..^,. n-aees of armorial bearin-s in the aneient ^yorld, our 
u-raldry ,s no older than the tournaui.-nts. That armory first 
beeame eommon and re-ula1ed by e, rtain rules at these <ole,un 
it'stiyals ,s eorrol)oraIed by the followin- reasons. In the fn-l nlaee, 
vve Imd ,K, tomi; or momiment with eseuteheons, older than the 
eleventh eentury. Th." most ancient monument of this kiiid is 
said to be the bearm-s of a •■ertain Varmond, count of Vasserbur-, 
•';. ""' <-!"ifeh ol St. Emmeran. at P.atisbon. The shield is coiml 
ol ar^etn and sable; over it is a lion, xyith the ^yords -Anno Domini 
MX. On next o( tie' other tombs^ even of th.- eleyenth cenlnrv 
no arms an- loun.j ; and lie- u^.- of th.aa s.-ems to have first beeoni'e' 
'•""^""^" 'M 'he twelfth e.M.lnry. Th.' ln->l ,)..pe who can be proved 

''• '';^-^^ '';'Lv^"! ;*';^''"- ^-^ •> -'i''^^'- ^^nf-, who fdied thJ papai 

>ce Irom 1 -2! I ,0 i:]:):}. All th- earlier p ^pal arms are the ianciful 
uivcnitons o( later (lattena-s. On coins, also, no armorial ensigns 
:i'-^' foun.l nil th.3 thirteenth century. A second proof of our 
a^-^UfmHl ori-u, ot ,,,ats of arms is the word blazon, which denotes 
jH'se.ene.- ol luTahlry in bVcn.-h. Kn-lish, Italian, and Spanish, 
ins wore has most probably its ori-iu in th-.- (ierman wor.l blasen, 
(to !;low the horn:) lor wl..-n."ver a n.-w knight appeared at a tour- 
Mi.n.nt tip. h.M-il 1 hid to sound th. trumpet, mxl, b.-cause all 
appearel wna .-l.ise vis.a-s, to proHaim and explain the b.-arin- of 
thesh.el.l orc.Mtot arms belon^mi^^ to each. Because this was 
perloriued by the herald, this kno^y|ed-c was called h.-raldry ; and 
bocaus,., ,n dom- so, he blew the trumpet, it was called blnzoni.i'r' 
iK' nnn^. I hat this was a pr.-vailin- |,,;h.,i,.,. ,,^ tournaments, may 
>■'_ prove I h-.)Mi th:' po-try o' the Troubadours of the twelfth and 
tlnrte.auh centuries. TIlmic.. it came, that those kni-hts, whose 
'i'-,'lil to appear at tournam.Mits had already been announced by 
Dla/omn^r th.ar arms, bore two trnmp.Ms on their crest. From the " 
'"-'nnans, this custom was transmitted loth.' F.viich ; for there is 
"o<loubl that tournam.mts were usual in (^.'rmany mu.'h earlier 
, "\"' '''•^"^•''- '>'>' ''"• I'na.eh earri.'.l to fari,n-eat.a- perfection 
H^ lonrna.nent, an.l th<- bla/,.n or h.a-aldry connected with it, as 
hc-y did the whole syst.an of chivalry. ' Sine.-, moreover, the 
Wench lan£,nra,i,'e prevailed at the co.nV of the Xorman kin^s in 
»M.- and, pure I' rench expressions have been preserved in British 



'Hialdry. i hns tlu- gre.m tin, 'ture, (color,) in a coat of arms, is 



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icrmcil vert, (tlion^li in Frciu-li sinnjilr^ wliidi oi'ii^iniillv dindicfl a 
rrrff/ish hroifit:) hri^'lil red i-: icriiicfl i>-/>rii/rs^ j)i-()l);it)lv v.illi :in al- 
Insioii lo llio l)loo(ly rcvc-iiLrf ot wild animals, wliicli play so con- 
.spicuous a ])art in lirraldrv : ili'" divided shield is, moreover, called 
roiipc : ami jKis^uuif, r( '^■(ird'iiil, doiiiniiil^ roiic/Kuil, \c-., are ust-d. 
German lieraldrv, on die e<iMirnry, eoniaiii-^ almost pmi- Clerinan 
expressions. ]ii a coat of arm-. \\\'' lielm is ])laced upon llie 
shield, and the latter is snrroimded 1)V tlie wri'ath. At ;i tourna- 
ment, till' mantle ol' the kni:jiit, with the helm and shield, was sus- 
pended in the lists, 'j'he colors or liiulnres ol' the shields had their 
foundalit)n in the (nrstom of the mo-t ancient ( lermans, of liivin;^' 
their shields various colors — a ei;-lom which received a tender 
mcanini^ in the tournaments ol the middle aijc.-; ; the knight, hoimd 
to defend the honor ol dames, and devote liim<e|f to their protec- 
tion, wearini^ their colors on his shii-ld. liv dei,u-ees, the ])artitions 
or sections on shields eame into use ; lor when, as ottiai oecanrcd, 
a knii^ht was the champion ol s(n-era! ladic-, he bore -cNcral colcirs 
on his shli'ld, which had therefore to he di\idcd into field.--. A\'hen 
the martial vonth ol almost all l-iUrope left their lionics. about the 
end of the eleventh (-entury, insjiired with rcliidous enthusiasm, to 
conquer the Holy Land, the use of arms became still more liciieral 
and iiecessarv. In ordia* to disliiiLrni-h the nations, armic>, and 
families, the princi-s and coumianders chose their symbuls, some- 
times in commemoration of the exploii- and event-< of the cam- 
paii^n, or of the di^nitv of tin' commandci-. and r-ometimes Irom 
mere fancy or pa^sing luunm-. 

LLAZOXIXU, IIl.STflKIl'VlXi;, AM) :\L\lLs^ II ALL! \« i ARMS. 

Blazoning is the methodical dc>cripiion of a bearini:;. In the 
first place, the shield is desca-ibed accortlim^f \o its tinclnres, fiuma's, 
and partitions. The inferior parts of an escutcheon :n-e tlitai bla- 
zoned — the helm, with its insignia, which are trumjiet, wim^s, and 
plumes, men and animals, or their luembers; then the wreath and 
its tinctures; after which the coronet cap, \'c-. ; fmallv tla^ snpport- 
ers, the mantle, the device, and oiliia- secondary thini!;s. Snch 
terms for the color must be ustal as are ai^n-t'cable to the station and 
cpialily of the bearta*. All jna-sons l)elow the dei!;ree oi' noble umst 
have their coats blaxoned by colors and metals ; noble men by 
l)re(.-ious stones; ;md kiiii:;s and princes by planets. 

In emblazonini,' shields of arms. mctaU, colors, and furs are used 
to depict the device, the technical tcaans of which arc these; — of 
metals, i^old, called or, and silver, (iri';ciif. only are canplovcd; — ol 
colors, red, called ^jv/A'-V, \)\\\t\ dziirf , blacl^, snh/r^ i^rciai, c/V, and 
j)urple, j)iir/)//rr ; — and of furs, ])rincipal!v the skin ol' the little 
aniiual called rriiitiu\ and a combinaticai of i^'rey and while squir- 
rel skins, called vidr. 

In blaxoninii^ arms it is an eslat)lished rule with heralds, that ani- 
mals are always to be inti-rprcti-d in the best siaise, that is, accord- 
ini,'' lo their most noble and i^iaierons (pialitic.-, that the most hmior 



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may ivdoniu] to tlu' Ix-arcr.-. Tlius ili<> (u\, hciii;:,' rciJiilcd \vit1\ 
aii(i ^ivcii lo (iK-liiiiL,' for his pivy, if liii^ In' tin; fliaruc ol an 
(^scnlclii'oii, \vc arc lo (■oiic('i\(.' the (lualiiy rcpit'sciitcd to be hi-, 
wit and ciuniin^, and iiol his ilidt. 

All sava:<(! lu-asts arc lo Ix; lii^'iircd in their fiercest action : as a 
lion erected, his nioiilh uidi; open, his (laws extended ; and thn.- 
fornicd he is said to In' nihijjihil. A h-opani or woll is to be por- 
trayed iToiiiir as it wcvi- j)r//rfr/iii//i, u iiieh I'orin ot action snits their 
natural disposition, and is called pd^sniU. Tie' L'eniler kinds are to 
l)e set forth in their noblest and most advantageous action, as a 
horse running- or vauliing, a i^'reyhonnd cour.-ing, a deer tri])))ing, a 
lamb going with smooth and easy j)ace. 

Every animal is to be represented as moving or looking to 
the rii^dit side of the shit'ld ; and it is a general ndt-, that the right 
i'oot be placed foremost, because tlu' right side is reck'oned the be- 
ginning of motion. The upper ])arl is nobler llian the lower, ami 
things that are constrained either to look np or down, ought rather to 
be designed looking upwards. We observe however that notwith- 
standing such precepts of (Juillim and oilier masters of armory, 
there arc lions /I'issdii/, runc/nnif. (Ii)riiiiiiit, as well a< nu/ijjdiit, and 
mo-1 aniiii lis in arms look down and iu)l ii|). l>ird> are csteeinetl 
a mori' honorable beariuLf than fish, and wild and ravenous bird- 
than tame o\\i-<. \V\\rn their bills and feet are of a diU'erent color 
from tlu! re>t, they are said lo be mfinhrnd. JVirds ol prey arc 
more properly said to be (iniird In the Ida/oning ol lowls much 
exercised in (light, if the wings be not displayed, they are said lo 
be borne r/o.sc, l\)r example, lu> bearelh an I'aule, a hawk, or a 
swallow, closi'. V\<.\\ are borne tliilercni ways, U])riglit, embowed, 
extended, endorsed, surmounted of each other, fretted, Irumgled. 
Those borne feeding should be termed (hrourinu;. Those borne 
directly upright are termed Jlaurinnl, and those borne traverse the 
escutcheon, nniaiiL 

To historify, in heraldry, is to explain ihe history t>f a coal ol 
arms, its origin, and tlu; changes it has iindcrgoni'. If the herald 
is to explain a bearing historically, he must show that this figure is 
the proper emt)lem of the family or country. lie derives, for 
instance, from historic-al sources, the proof that the double-headed 
eagle of the Roman king was tjrst introduced in the beginning of 
the fourteenth century, under Albeit I., and that previously, from 
the time of Olho II., the royal eagle had but one head; that the 
three leopanls in the English arms were first diM-ived in 1 127, under 
Ilenry I., from tlur Xorman house. — 'l'lu.> marshalling ot arms coii- 
sisls in the preparallon of new (\sciitcheons. In this matter, llic 
herald either follows the orders of a sovereign, or he invents the 
idea, and makes the ])lan of the escutcheon according to his own 
judgment, or he com|)t)ses ;i new escutcheon from several coats ol 
arms. 

uii'F];iii;\T ki.nhs tiF aiims. 

In heralilic science, arms are distinguished by ilillerenl uame^, 



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to deiiole the cansos of tlicir bcin- l.oriu", su<h as ^/-^w.s' nf ihnninun,, 
of i„rlriisioit, of conrcssiuti, of romunmih/, o( putroiuiiir. iA Jui>,il/j, 
of f////,n;rr, of .s»rro-.-/o/i, and of (rs'N //////// /w;/. 'l'lio.<'' o! r/o/////(/o/i 
and surcni'nitii are those; whu-h ciiiperois, Uiii->, and >o\v\x\iin 
states constantly l>''ar, briim, as it xvf.v, annexed to ihc trrril.^nes 
kin-donis, andVi-^'vi.K-.- they possrss. Th.is there an. tlie arnisol 
Kn-hmd, of iM-ance, of the I'nited Stales, cVe. Anns ol prvltiisiua 
are°those of khi«:doni<, provinces, ,.r icrriiories, to whieh a prniee i.r 
lord has some claim, and which hr a.hls to his own, ahhon-li such 
kin-doms or territories arc po.^.cssc.l hy anotlier prmce or lord. 
Arms of conrrs^nni, or iiiimnntUifHn, (if/immr, are entire arms, as the 
fortress of (Jibrahar on the csiaitrheon i)f Lord llealhiickl. Arms ol 
rommtnitfij belon- to bishoj)rics, ciii»'s, companies, \.c. Arms ol 
patroiiit'-v, to governors oi provime-, h.rds ot manors, .Vc. Arms ol 
famllii are the properly of individuals ; and it is criuunal m any per- 
sons not of the family" to assunu- them. Arms oi allhuu-i >how the 
union of families and individuals. Arms ol succession arc taken up, 
by those who inherit certain eslalcs, manors, cVc, either by will, 
entail, or donation, and which tlu'V impale or cpiarler with th.ar 
own. This umhiplirs the titles of some lamilu- Irom n<-ct-Hly, 
and not from osicnlalion. Arms of assnmplion, or assiiwplirc arms, 
are taken up by the caprice or fancy of persons who assume tliem 
without a legal title. They are also ^ulIi as a man ot his pfoper 
ri-ht may assume, widi the approbation ol his sovereign and ol the 
irmg oi arms. ^ , ' . ' 

PARTS OF .\ COAT d^ ATIMS. 

The parts of arms are the cs<aitcheon. the tinctures ciiargi-s, and 
ornaments. Heralds distinguish niiu^ dillrrent point., in rM-utch- 
eoiis, in order to determine exactly the portions ol the bearing they 
are charged with, as in the figure. 

A, dexter chief ; B, ))recise middle chiel ; C, 
sinister chief; D, honor point; E, less point; 
F, nombril point; (J, dexter base; II, i)recise 
middle base ; 1, sinister base. The tinctures 
mean the variable, hue common both to tiie 
shields and their bearings; and there are seven 
tiiieiures — yellow or gold, expressed by dots; 
white or argent; red, by periiendieular lines; 
])lue or azure, by horizon'tal lines ; purple, by di- 
agonal lines from right to lett ; ureen, by the 
same from left lo right ; black by liorizonlal and 
perpendicular lines cro.^sing ; and orange an<l blood colors are ex- 
prcs.se.l by diagonal lines eros-ing each other. 1 he cliarges are 
the embleins occupying the field of the e^cuteheon, or any part oi 
it. All ehar'res arJ distin-uidied l>v the name ol }ionora'>le orcli- 
nnries, sii/i-onlinnrics, and numn^ni <-/niri:rs. Ilonomble cM-dmaries, 
the prineipal char-.'s in heraldry, are mad.' ol Imrs only, winch, 
a.-cordm" to their disposilioii and form, r.-cvivc dillercnl names. 




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■ ■ - t^l:^^'Tf"r^ """," '"■•"'''"• ''^""" ^"'''-""v '^-'1 i" <-oals 

.J H- ornamnus ,1kU a,co,n,,auy or .urronnd c.-uu-hcon vorc- 

- on. I . ar.us .pp.na.u. Tlu.y arc u.<.cl bo,l, hv cl'..r.^v a...] 
K >. i '-^- "H.t ,M n.. a,v c.l in. sor.s ; nauulv, crouns; coro- 

and snppoN.Ts. The nvs, is .h. In.h.si jlar, of ,h ornam.nr of 
^ a c-oat ot arn.s J, ,s callcl ..../ IVon. ,hc Luln word ,vv^/.. hid 
s,.n, he. a con.b or ,nl, such as n.any birds have npon ^U.n head 
as d.c peacock, .^.c. Lr-sls xvcrc ancicndy ..Knks'of great honor,' 
because ihcy were worn only by heroes of ..-ea, valc^- and 1 ^h 
••^^"k, Ihat ihey might be ,hc betUa- .l..iin,Mnshcd in an cn-n en en 
a,K^.hcrcby rally ,heirn.enir dispersed. T.u.v a;e ^ e^Jl "^^ 
Mdered as mere ornaments. The scroll is an ornan ,.,,1 u<uallv 
, placed bclou' the shield and supporters, containing a n!o 
senleiice, alluding to the bearing or to the bcarcr'^nanie 



lly 
otio or short 



KailuniUioii of thi PUilr a-i Ihr f,,ll. .ij-;„„ ,,..., i i- t. ,. , 

'^"^"'<-, LiUialK/c. iinU .hi. ^ ■ 

' " ' I I.IM-S. 

1. iri)rizontnl or sirii-hi. 2 Am-Il,] '! l'„.v,-ll..,l i i- > - x- 

'. , t^- Ard,cdorcnaichol. 7. DoNMc.~avu-.l s\\ l;-i-aric-le. ;<. -Non y or Franclie, 

l.ulciL is U.lcc. 1'.. ilayoiincf, or raJianI 

00 T' , , "■ ^'""^' °"' '"" ^''^^'^^■'■"•:^'^. CoLOV.S, AM. F.Ks. 
^u. I'^.scutclieoii, points ol 'M (1r 'i-i \„ . ..■) ,< , 
Vert. -7. I'uriM,,. ^"^ T ^i,,: ' ' ^'i r^''':,,, ~;'.- ^'''^^- •-'•Az'n-e. 27. Sal.lo. 2.3. 

.,. ,,,. ^^^- J'"i I'iENcns. oi: Filiations. 

(FuuniO Martlet -Ui ( ^■i"l') A.^nilc^. ' .n.^sKunit^Sf '''■ ^'^''"'^^ ^'""''- ^ 

.i7'-,S^"vn-.^;t '!-'™ '^^:';;''i^iJ:i';v'4% ■•■;• ^ •'^'>' ■- 1-'- "^- border. 

•^'1. (Voss,,C St. .lola. olMem.aleni'or \l li ^, r ' ;■-'., Chevrou. ^'i. Cro>. 

C;ro>.orst. Aa.l.ew. uN t'ro^.e Ji, , m:i,. • ;'•';, "^ '^^'■-^•■'lo.ioe, oO. Cro^.. n.ol.no. 57. 

nee or tnloil. tjl. Cross ero-J,.! ,;i,.|'!.r, V''.'- "^ '"^^s iiioiine in .saltier. MJ ( n^s l,uHo- 

litchee. oo. Lozenge, lieury ' '-■- Cros^ ilory. GJ. Cross luasele. Ol. Cro.s 

',,„ ,. ^'- ^'^l'''^-';''L.^.Mi:ous F.lCAKt.N-G.S. 

00. Lion, statant L:iiaid, lilt t;7 I'iv.i,,i is l> , i 

.Sta--s liead ,Ml,o.-lKd. 7o Ti..vr l,..,-.!; . --■','• ''■ <-J'^'^-l'-"it. 71. Sia- at gaze. 75. 
era.e.l. N). Wiveni. M J-r.'il' i; 1 . | ' ', , / ™-'", '-■ ^Inliin. 7:-. l-ra^on-. head 
^\'a^er budgets. SI. Siiake ovvc' le br, '• I .' V """'t- "'■ ^^^^''-'^^ ''^•^'^' -'-•'•'"•d- N<. 
S-5. Clarion, or rest, s;, i;,",,*-^' ''*'''""^^^^'- "'• <-i"'"^-'''^il. So. Treiod,. fe7. FJeur-de-li^ 



o„ r r T^ , , ^'' '"''■"^^■•^S ConuNET.s, Arc. 

^..;;,2"-n,!;rl;^v,I,:,r"";■•,°!;;:;r,':"■■■^,;:;.^;ts , ^'^ '-r'T -'• ^ •"■^' ^" 

Croivul,',,,l„,OT,,«a>,f I.;, ,. "■ " "" "' ''""«• W 1 larJm..! . l.ai. lUS. 



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'"' Heraldry. 

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Juili/icadon of (lie Federal Consfi/alioti [Ji^ily? 



RATIFICATION OF TIIF FFDEJIAL CoNSTFrUTION BY 
iMA.-Sr>ACilU.-S]':TTS. 

[The lollowiiii; account of ili<; l\atiiirali(jii of llie Coiistiliilioii of the United States by 
llic C'uiiveuUuii of the I'oiiuuoiiweahh ol .Ma>sachiisetts coiivcuctl at Boston on the 'Jlh tluy 
of January, 1 T^'^, and roiiuniieil uiilii tin; 7ili ol Feliniary, was priuled in the .Ma>sarhiisells 
Gazelle ol Fel). >ili, IT^"^. piibh^hed hy John W'nicoll Ahen oi' lio>ton. It is liere in?erled 
as a historical dociiuienl ol' tho~-e times that trieil men's sonls. whieii will, we tliud;, be read 
with deeii interest hy those of the present generation. Jn this way, too, it will he preserved, 
as It shoidd he, lor jioslerily. It is jjrinled as we lind it in tlie Gazette, with only the addition 
ol' the names ul'llie towns, in whieli ihc iiulivithials cil'tlie Convention resided. L'l the (,'un- 
verUu)n,John llancuck was I'resident, W illiam Cushmy, \'ice-l'resuient,and Cieor^'e Richards 
.Minol, l^eeivl.iryl 

With the higlicst satisfaction we aniiomice to tlic publick, liial llic 
Coiivoiilioii oClliis coininonwealih, on VW^Jiicsday la^,t, at live o'cloeli. 
r. M. ASSENTED TO the CO.NSTFrUTIOiX, piopused by the late 
federal Couveniion. Oa this jileasini^ event, WE DO HEAUTILY 
congiatiilate the [)ublicl\, and do ex[)i'ess our sincere wishes, that the 
general joy which it, has dililised through all ranks of citizens, may be 
an auspicious oiaen of the sii[>erioitr advantages which will undoubt- 
edly result from the estaljlisliinent of such a lederal governtaenl as 
this constitution provides. 

Iniinedi.iiely on the news oi' this joyful decision being announced, 
the bells m every jiuljlick building in lliis luetropolis began to ring, and 
continued lo sound the glad tyduigs fur two hours. At sun set ihc 
Convention ■adjourned : after which, a nuiltilude of people, from all 
quarters, iuovclI into rSlate-street, where they maiulesled the joy they 
lelt from this event, by incessant tokens of approbation, and loud 
huzzas. The bells of the North church continued to chime harmoni- 
ous peals of gratulatioiis the whole night, and [)art of the next day. 
Illuminations were made and otlier insignia of joy exhibited. 

The yeas and nays, on the question of adoption, being taken, agree- 
ably to the orders of the day, were as follows, viz. 

YEAS. 

His K.Kcellency JOHN HANCOCK, i:<n. President, Hon. James Bowdoin, hon. 
Sam. Adams, hon. W'llli.uii Pliillips, hoii. Caleb Da\is, Charles Jarvis, esq. John C. 
Jones, esq. John WitUhrop, escj. Thomas Dawes, jiiii. es(j. lev. Samuel SliUman, 
Thomas Russell, esq. Christopher Gore, esc^. Jiuftuii, lion. William Heath, hon. In- 
crease Sumner, Jloxlmry, James Bowdoiii, jiiii. esij. Ehenezer Wales, esq. DorL/ugl>:r, rev. 
Nathaniel Robbins, Millon, hon. Richard Craiich, rev. Anthony Wibird, Bruinlne, hon. 
Cotton Tut'ts, M^ijiiioulh, hon, Benjatiiin Lintohi, rev. I)a\id Shule, Hiiigliuni^ rev. Joseph 
Jackson, Jirnoklim, rev. 'J'homas Thacher, Fisher Ames, es(j, Didliam, col. William 
M'Intosh, jVvcd/iain, capt. John Baxter, j nil, il7u//;i/(/, hon, Elijah Huiibar, esij, Sloiightun, 
rnr. Thomas M.uiii, Wrcnilimn. mr. (Jeorjj;e Pa_\'son, Walpok, hon. J, Ei^lier, I'faii/.l(,i, 
mr. Thomas Jones, //»//, rev. Phillips Payson, Chelsea, rnr, Ebenezer ^VarleIl, Fu.rbor- 
oiigh, Riehanl jManiiiuL;, esq. I'.dward I'nlliii;,^ cstj. mr. AViUiatn Gray, jiiii, mr. Francis 
Cibot, Siihni. hon, Michael I'ailey, .1. Cho.ue, esq. J)aiiiel Xoycs, esq, col. Joiiaihan 
Coi,'s\vell, Ip.fH'iili. hon. Tristiairi Dalloii, lOnocli Sawyer, escj. E. Match, esq, Nitcimy, 
hon, Riifus Kin;^, es(i. hon. Benjamin Greenleaf, esq. Theophilus Parsons, esij, hon. 
Jonathan Titcomh, ]\\irbiiri/port, hon, G. Cabot, nir, Josejdi ^\ ood, capt. Israel 'I'horn- 
dike, Bcverlij, Isaac Mansfield, esq. Jonathan Glover, esq, hon. A/or Orne, John Glo\er, 
csc^. M'lrbUhcnd, l.)anipl llogers, esq. John Low, es(i. capt. ^V. Pearson, tUoi'.ii it ir. .\o\)i\ 
Games, esq. capt. John Burnham, Xi/ini and Lijnnfuld, mr. A\'illiam Symmes, \ui\. ,bido- 
icr, Bailey Barllett, esq. capt. Natlianiel Maish, Utiru/idl, mr. Isiael Clark, '/ (■/<.</(( /((', 
dr. S.unne! Nye, mr. I'hioch .lackniaii, S<disliiiri/. capt. Hi'iij.uiiin Liiivey, mr. \\illis 
P.Utcn, .■liiiisliiinj, |)aniel Thurston, es<i. Ihuilfoiii, ini'. Jacob llerrich, \\\ii!iiiin, mr. 
Simeon Milh'r, Dlnnrl-trstcr, hon. l^'raiicis l>ana, csii. Slephen Pana, esi]. (\ii/d'ndf:c, hon. 
Nathan. jl G'orham, esq. Chiulisloirii, hon. .loseph linsiner, ('vnn>iil, hon. .Vbiahaiii 



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1847.] b>/ JIassacIniscUs. -■ \ ■. 233 

Fuller, Ntwtoivn, cnpt. Lawson Buckminster, Framin^liHin, 13enjamin Brown, oiq. Iax- 
in/^toii, Daniul ^VllitIley, esq. Sluilmmc, cajit. Asahel Wheeler, Scdbniy. capl. Benjamin 
IJianey, M-il/cn, capt. Abraliani Hi;:c'!o\v, ]V(sto>i, maj. ;:en. Jolin Brooks, MiilJ^'nl. dr. 
Charlt's Whitman, Slow, Leonard Williatus, es<i. Wnllhuni, hon. J. B. \'arnum, Draml, 
Hon. J. Pitts, Dunstabk, hon. ]•:. Brooks, Liiuoln, \V. I'ynclion, cs<t. Sj)riiiL'/uld, hon. C. 
Stronf^, rnr. Benjamin i-heltlon, .Xuithani/jlun anil luistliumjilun, capt. l.emuel i'omeroy, 
&)ulhaiiijitoii, briir. i,'en. Elisha I'orter, Ilrllii/. lion. N'oali (Joodman, Sjtilli Ifd'llnj, \iOii. 
J. Hastin^'s, JLiifutd, John Ingersol. e.sq. ll'tsifiiU, nir. Ebenezer Jarnes, Nvilh/idd, Alnier 
J\Iorgan,es(i. 7iM////;iA/, capt. David Siiepanl, CVai/cr, mr. Jesse Heed. CIniiLiiwiil, ^AYiuni 
Eager, esq. ^I'ojlJuii'j^lun, col. Benjamin Bonney, diLStcrfuld, major Thomas .1. Douglass, 
Norl/iirirk, mr. Aaron Fisher, ]\\dl/iainiilu,i, rnr. Edmund Lax.ell, Ciiniiitini^lon and 
rUnnfiiid, capt. Thomas Maxwell, Binkland, nir. Elihu C'olton, Loitsiiiradow, Joshua 
Thomas, es(|. mr. Thomas J)avis, mr. John Davis, P!i/)iioi'ih, hon. W illiam Gushing, 
hon. iVathan Gushing, lion. Gharles Turner, SctlKatc, hon. Cieorize Partridge, Jjuxiuii/, 
rev. ^\'illiam .Shaw, Marshfuld, J)aniel llowanl, e^i. mr. llezekiah Hooper, capt. Elisha 
JMitchel, mr. Daniel Howard, jun. BridncirdUr. rev. Is.iac B.ickus, Isaac Thompson, esq. 
Middliboiv\ cajU. John Turner, mr. Jor,iah Smith, i'linUroLc, William Sever, jnn. esq. 
Kiiiissfon, hon. Joseph Gushing', Hanovu\ rev. S.imuel A'iles. .ilitimton, mr. Freeman 
'Waterman, Halifax, col. Israel Fearing, Wiuiham, Shcarjashanh Bourn, es(i. Bara- 
stiililc, David Thacher, estj. capt. Jonathan Howes, Vtiiiiiui'ih. hon. Solomon Freeman, 
capt. Kimball Glark, }l,inrir/i, rev. Levi Whitman, IWUfhtt, cajit. Joseph Palmer, 
Fdl/iioulh, James Williams, esq. 'B^ini'mi. hon. Elisha IMav, capt. Moses Willmarth, 
j}Uhboro\ col. Sylvester Richmond, hon. William Baylies, Digldon, hon. I'homas Dnr- 
fee, Israel Washhiiriie, e>q. Fndoirn, hon. Walter Spooner, rev. Samuel West, Ntit< 
Bidford, mr. Willi;im Almy, ll'i,«7//o/7, .X.ithaniel Barrel, esq. York, rev. IMosed Ilem- 
menway, hon. Nathaniel Wells, H'i//s, 'Phomas Gulls, es(i. Piy*;/i7T//yo/-o', Jacob Brad- 
bury, esip Bu.iton, capt. John Low, Coxludl, mr. William JNlayhew, F.dgmlown, mr. Gor- 
nelius Dunham, Tisbiin/, hon. Jidin Sprague, Ltunasta; capi. Seth Newton, Southboro', 
hon. Samuel Baker, Ballon, major David Wilder. Lcniiiinstcr, inr. Matthew Patrick, 
]\'cskni, mr. Josiah Goiidard. ^/i/Ziu/, capt. Ephraim Wilder, 57t;7/rt;,', John K. Smith, esq. 
Fidiitoiitli, mr. John Fox, capt. Joseph M'Lellan, Poiilmvl, David ^litchell, esq. Samuel 
Merrill, esq. Norlh Yanmndli, \Villiam 'J'hompson, e-q. Scirbtuu', capt. John Dunlap, 
Bntiisirii /:. capt. Isaac Snow, Hurpniccll, mr Joshua Dyer, Cnpe Flisnbcth, rev. S.unuel 
Perley, Uray, 'I'homas Ivice, esij. mr. David Sylvester, Pou-nalboro\ mr. Nathaniel 
Wyman, Geonjctown, mr. David Gilmore. W'oohriJi, William .M'Gobb, esq. Bucithbay, 
capt. ^Samuel Grant, V'iss(dboru\ Moses Da\ is, esq. />/_•. ci^i/i/j, David Fales, esq. Tliuin- 
aslon, Dummer .Sewalt, esq. iJ((//i, John Ashley, jun. esq. .S'l. //(.7(/ and Muunl IVushiiiiilon, 
hon. Elijah Dwight, Grait B<irrin-^loii, hon.'T. Sedirwick, Slodbiid'^i^ hon. Jonathan 
Smith, La,u'd)oro\ hon. T. J. Skinner, Williamituwd, Mr. Elisha Carpenter, Bcckd, caj)t. 
D. Taylor, A'tir j1/n;7//o;(('. Toial iVui 1^7. 

N AYS. 

Capt. Jedediah Southworth, Siou^hiini, mr. Nathan Gomstock, Wrcnthnm, mr. Benja- 
min Uamlall, Shdrvn, mr. M. Richardson, jnn. J\hdu-nii, rev. No;;h Alden, JicUinishaiii, 
hon. Israel Hutchinson, J)iiiivcrs, capt. Peter Os^'ood, jun. dr. Thomas Kittredge. .Indo- 
vcr, capt. Thomas Mighill, Roidii/, hon. A. Wood, Buxford, capt. Ebenezer Gailton, 
^Llhiai, dr. Marshall Sjjring, WaUiU)ira, capt. Timothy Winn, \Vol\irn, mr. William 
Flint, mr. Peter Emerson, 7.V'J(/i'ii;t^ mr. Jonas Morse, major Benjamin Sawin, il/(i;7io)o', 
AViUiam 'Phompson, esq. BUbrira, col. Tienjamin F.ly, capt. John Willision, Wist 
Sjirin^fhlil, capl. Phinehas StePbins, M'UbmlKun, Mr. Daniel Gooley, -'^'"'icsf- ^Ir. Ben- 
jamin Eastman, Grnnby. Mr. Josiah AUis, Whultly, mr. AVilliam JJodman, Wdllainshvrc:, 
mr. Samuel Field, JAo/hb!, mr. .M.^se^ Ba^com, Gremluld, mr. Robert Wilson, Slul- 
bunic, capt. Consider Arms, mr. INlalachi ^L\ynard, C",iirny, capt. Zacheus Crocker, 
Snndirhi,iil, inr. IMoses Severance, Monliii;iic, capt. Asa Fisk, Suulh Briin/iild, mr. Phin- 
ehas .Merrick, ,'\[oii.'!jn, mr. Adam Glark, IMIniin. c\\\'X. Nathaniel Whitcomh, Gr^tundch, 
mr. Timothy Blair, 7J/<;/iA"i/, nir. Aaron Mirrick, l^drnr, mr. John Hamilton, Mr. Clark 
Cooley, GraiiriHf, mr. John Chamberlain, iVue Sd,in, mr. Jii.stus D\\ iglit, 7J>/.7(iWi.icn, 
mr. Samuel Eddy, Cohdin, mr. Isaac Pejiper, H'lnv, rapt. John Goldsbury, M'anrir': 
and Oran'.:<, capt. Agrip[)a Wells, Bcrnardsion. mr. Ephraim Williams, .■7sA/ii?'7, mr. Asa 
Powers, S/iulcshury, capt. Silas Fowler, Soullnrirk, mr. John Jennings. Ludlnir. mr. 
Jonathan Ilubbanl, Lcrartt, mr. Benjamin Thomas, mr. Isaac Soul, Jluldkboiu', mr. 
Nathaniel Hammond, mr. Abraliam Holmes, BinJusicr, capt. Francis ShurtlitF, mr. 
Elisha Bisbee, jun. l''yi,ijitu,i, dr. Thomas Smith, mr. Thomas Nye, Sandtrirh. col. 
N.ithaniel Leonard, mr. Aaron Pratt, 'Buoilon, capt. Plianuel Bishop, major Frederick 
Drown, William Wiiulsor, escj. Rdmbolh, mr. Christopher Mason, mr. David Jirown, 
^tcuiisey, hon. Holder Slocum, mr. MeKiliah Hathw.iy, Ihiilniuitlli, hon, Abiah.im White, 

15 



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'23-1- RaH/kation of (he Federal CunstUntiim [July; 

Norton, capt. Ebenezor Tisdell, Kaaton, cnpt. John Pratt, Mamftehl, capt. F.saias Preblf 
lo//;, nir. .Mark Ailams, mr. Jamos Neal, Ki/tui/, capt. Elijali Tluiyt-r, dr. Nathaniel Low, 
Mir. IvicliaiJ Foxwell Cults, IknricL^ mr. 'J'hoiiias ^t. Weiuworili, Lilmnon, majoi 
.SaiiiiR'l Na^-on, Stinfonl. inr. .Moses ArriL'S, Fnjilinri;, Mr. Jeicriiiah Knit-ry, ^hapUii;h, 
rev. Pclatiah 'rin:jlL-y, Wctuinnv,^ mr. David Bi^olow, Wuradn., Kdward 'i'liompsori; 
C'b>i. Million, major John Miiiul, Cinlinsfunl, capt. (Jilli(.-rl Dt'iitli, UojiKuiluii, mr. Jona- 
lliail Jvoeji, iri.s/_/i//(/, dr. iifiiiaiuiii Morsf, Joseph Shcple, t-sij. Cmlon, mr. Obadiah 
.Sawtidl, Shiilcy, mr. Daniel Fi-k, Pijiiurill, capt. Daniel Adams, TuvniMid, capt. John 
Wc'LIkm-, Jldfonl, cajx. Sta. Chamberlain, IIdIIisIoh, mr. Asa Tallin, .'7- ?oii and Cailisli\ 
capt. J. llarudeii. 117///ii/i:;/()/i, mr. Newman Scarlet, TttrLtiuri/, mr. Sainuel Keed, 
Liitltluu, mr. JkMijamin Adams, ..-yi/iZ/y, major lle/.ekiah Bread, Xitir/:, capt. Jonalhai. 
(•'seen, .^7u)i, ,'(,/;, I, mr. i'hiiielias Gleason, /JdsJ Siulliuiij.iin. Daiiiid Forbes, mr. N. Jenk- 
Diool./iJil, capt. .b'lemiah Learned, Orjonl. mr. Caleb Ciirlis, Mr. F./ra M'lntier, C/iuil- 
tun, mr. David Harwood, hoii. Amos Siiii;letary, Siitlau, col. Samuel l)i.-i\\\y, Ldmlti 
mr. James Hallnia, Sjininr, mr. Asaph Shermon, Jiullnnd, mr. Abialiam Smith, Piijiloi. 
capt. Jonathan Bullaid, Oukhiuii, cajit. Joiiii Jilack, i)'(v;;(, capt. John Woods, Jhihiani: 
tun, capt. Benjamin Joslyii, JS\w Bi-uinlit:c, capt. Steplieii Majnard. M'niLonj', mr. Arte 
mas Bri^ham, Norlhhoru\ capl. Isaac ILiriini^loii, :<linti\-l'iiri/, capt. John I'uller, Liuuii- 
iti>\', mr. Daniel I'litnam, Filrhlnni;, dr. Saiinud Willaid, r.'irii.'^'v, Josi.ih 'NVhiiney, esq 
II rfiiiil, mr. Jonathan Day, lUidUij, capt. 'I'homas ]\I. Baker, Ujilon, capt. Timothy 
I'aiker, t>liiilirii/[;c, major Ivlartin Kinyslcy, ]l(iiilirich\ rev. Joseph Davis, llolJcn, hon 
John Taylor, JJui(i:;l(tS)i, dr. Joseph \Vood, Gnijtoii, Jonathan (irant, cs(i. caj)t. Snnnul 
Pei'kham, J'i^7>7i(»/i, John Frye, cs(i. lloijalstoii, mr. Stciihen Ilolden, ]\\>:lininslir, capt 
Joel Fletcher, 'JVin/iliton, mr. Timothy Fuller, I'limcton, mr. Jacob \\'illard,.'Avy(ii(ni/<((//(. 
mr. Moses Hale, Wuiilfinlon. capt. .losiah U'ood, isuididntlse, mr. Joseph Stone, M'ar'l 
mr. Da\id Stearns, Mil/'urd, mr. Jonas Temple, livyhtun, Daniel Usley, esij. Fdlniouil 
mr. S. Lon^'I'ellow, jun. UoiIkuh, A\'illiatn Widyery, iVwc G7oiuf^7>r, capt. David Murrj, , 
Nir C'as!U, l.cin. Samuel Thompson, Tojishiiin, mr. Jonali Crosby, Wmsloir, mr. Zactj 
eus Ik'al, Jj<iivili,inliiuii, AVilliam Jones, esii. IJiislo!, capt. J.imes Carr, llalloweU, mr. 
Joshua Bean, Winlhioii, mr. \aJentint! Rathbun, ritts/ulil, mr. Comstock Belts, JiiJi- 
vioiiil, mr. Lemuel Collins, /.f//o.r, capl. Jeri;miali Pieice, .7(/(j/yi.<, Kjihiaim I'^itch, es(j 
E^ianunl, major Thomas Lu^l:, Jl'i.-? .^'.'o(/,A/ir/^'(, mr. John Hurlbert, ..7/^--/ J, capl. F/e- 
kiel Herrick. Tijrn'urjiain, njr. Joshua Lawton, Louilon, mr. Timothy Mason, M'lii'l^ui, 
I'benezer Pierce, esq. I'artiiiljifuli/. mr. David \'au^han, Huiiiud; capt. Jesse Bradley 
Lcc, mr. /enas Noble, M'ashiiii^tun, mr. John Picket, jun. Suiiilis/uld. Total I\uys 1l> 

The open, manly and honourable conduct of tlie gentlemen wlio 
comjiosed the minority, in the great question on Wednesday, taken in 
the honoural)le convention, was very dili'erent from the turbnleii'. 
oi'posers of the con.>tltiition in Pennsylvania, who, not content with 
their declamatoi'v and odious jn'otest against its ado[ilion, are now 
endeavouring to invulve ihcir coimlry m all the horrours of a civil 
war, by exciting tumult and insurreclion. On the vote of adoption 
being declared, 

Honourable mr. White rose, and .said, that notwithstanding he ha^! 
opposed tlic adoption of the consiitntion, ujion the idea that it would 
eiulanger the hberties of his country, yet, as a majority had seen lit to 
adopt it, he should use his utmost exertions to induce his constituenii 
to live in peace under, and cheerfully submit to it. 

lie was followed by mr. "Widgeuv, who said, that lie should return 
to his constituents, and inform them, that he had op|)Osed the adoption 
of this constitution, but that he had been overruled, and that he liad 
been carried by a majority of wise and understanding men : that hu 
should endeavour to sow tlie seeds of union and peace among the pco- 
])le he represented — and that he lioped, and believed, that no person 
would wish for, or suggest the measure of a PllOTEST; for, said he, 
we must consider that this body is as full a representation of tuc 

people, as can be conceived. After cxjiressing his thanks for tin-. 

civility which the inhabitants of this town have shewn to the conven- 
tion, and declaring, as his opinion, that they had not in the least inllii- 
enced the decision ; he concluded by saying ho should support, a.- 



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IS 17.] by Mass(trhitstl/s. - ■ ... 235 

much as in liiia lay, the constiliUion, aiul lu lievcd, as this stale had 
ado|)tecl it, not only !', but tlie whole i:!, would coiiio into liie measure. 

(lencial A\'urf.\i:v said, that thouLrh he had hcen oppo-etl to llic 
constitution, lie should sn[)iujrt it as uuieh as il" lu' had voted for it. 

?ili'. Coii[,i:v, {Ainltirst) saiil, that lu- endeavoured to i^overn liiniself 
by the, principles of reason, that lie was directed to vote agaiii>l the 
udoj)tion of the constitution, and that in so doini^, he had not only 
complied with his direction, but had actod accordinc; to the ilictates of 
his own conscience ; but that as il has been agreed to by a majority, 
lie should end(.'avour to convince his conslituents of the propriety of its 
ado[ition. 

Doctor T.wr.oR, also said, he had uniformly opposed the constitution, 
that he fouml liimself fairly beat, and expressed his determiiiation to 
go honu.', and endeavour to infu-e a s[iril of harniony and love, among 
the people. 

Other gentlemen expressed their inclination to speak, but it growing 
late, the convention adjourneil to Thursday morning, at ten o'clock. 

Let (his hv tdlil t(i the Ifjii'itr of' Mt'sstifhiisitl-i ; to the r( piitathni nf' her 
citizens, as men iciHni:: to ae'/niese<' in thui repulttitan j'l'uii.iph'^ nf ^nh- 
inittin:: to the decision of a viajoritij. 

Yesterday, A. i\I. tlic Convention met, according to adjournment, 
when a vote was passed for proceeding in j)rocession to the state- 
house, aiul there to declare the ratiiication of the FJ'^DEliAL CON- 
STITUTION, which that honourable body, on Wednesday last, by a 
majority of NINETJ'^EN assented to, in behalf of the conmionwealth 
of IMassachusetts. About 12 o'clock, the procession moved from their 
I)lacc of session, preceded by the honourable vice-president of the 
Convention. His excellency the ])resident being seated in an elegant 
vehicle, was drawn by TIIIRTEJ^N ])atriotiek and publick s|)iriteJ 
IMECHANICKS, who thus expressed tiieir love and respect for a man 
who ever loved and respected his country, 

The i)rocession having arrived at the state-house, entered the senate- 
chamber, from which iiis excellency the president, the vicc-jiresident, 
secretary, high-sherilf of the county of Sullblk, and other respectable 
characters, went out upon the balcony of the state-house, from whence 
hi.5 excellency the president addressed the multitude who had assem- 
bled below, in a short speech, preparatory to what they were about to 
hear tleclarcd. The high-sherili'then declared the federal constitution 
adopted and ratified by the Convention of the commonwealth of ^^las- 
sachusetts. 

After which the whole assembly testified their approbation l.iy the 
loudest huzzas. 

An elegant repast being provided lor the occasion in the senate- 
chamber, the Convention, and a great number of other gentlemen, 
partook thereof, and exhibited such marks oi: satisfaction, as lully 
evinced, that this joyful event woiUiI tend to give vigour and eneriry 
to our future continental adinini~lratioiis. Al'tcr diimer the following 
Uia^ts were drank, vi/. 

1. His excellency the president and convention of IMassachusclts. 

2. The president and members of the late continental convention. 

3. The states that have adopted the federal constitution. 

'I. A sjieedy accession to the union by those stales who arc yet to 
deliberatL; upon the proposed constitution. 



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;-1'' 1236 Rn/iftcalion of the Fchral Comtibilion. [July, 

G. I\Tay (lie same candour, and liberality, which has so conspicuously 
(lislingiu'slicd the minority of !\Iassaclui.sctts, prevail lliro' every state 
in the union. 

(3. i\lay the United States of America be as distinguished for iheir 
increase in agriculture, arts and manulactures, as they are for their 
attachment to justice and the liberties of mankind. 

7. Tlie great and magnanimous ally of the United States of Amer- 
ica — his most Cliristian majesty. 

6. The T'nitcd Netherlands. 

9. I\biy tlie States of America be the asylum of every distressed son 
of liberty, throughout the world. 

1(). x'May the llag of American commerce be displayed in every 
quarter o\^ the globe. 

11. I\Iay the landholders of America soon experience the happy 
eilc'cts intended by the i)ro()Oscd eonstilntion. 

12. May the nations of the world, who would be our rivals in trade, 
soon llnd their disappointment in the energy of onr councils. 

13. IMay peace, liberty, and safety, be the perpetual birthright of an 
American. 

It seems that the joy which the adoption of the proposed constitu- 
tion has diiluscd, is not only general, but sincere and grateful. — The 
rising sun of yesterday's morn, by its brightness and refulgent beams, 
seemed to break forth, l\om the dusky horizon, with uncommon gran- 
deur, partaking, as it were, of the joy in which an event so propitious 
immer.sed the souls of the people. The bells of all the churches, ^c. in 
town, began ringing at early dawn, and continued, most of them with- 
out intermission, thro' the day, and part of last evening. 

The hardy sons of Neptune, seemed not to be insensible of the 
importance of this great event ; for having procured a boat, which they 
fixed o\\ a sled, they continued to draw it through the town till near 
the close of the day, frecpiently huzzaing, and loudly exulting in the 
anticijiation of reviving and nourishing commerce. In the boat was 
displayed the flag of the United Slates, and musick, which kept con- 
tinually playing. 

In a cart, drawn by five horses, the British llag was displayed, and 
insulted by numbers jilaced in the cart, armed with muskets, who 
repeatedly discharged the contents of theni through the tattered rem- 
nant, in contempt of that faithless nation, whose exertions have been 
iniremltted since the peace, to cramp our commerce and obstruct all 
our nautical proceedings. 

Picpeated marks of joy were exhibited during the course of the day 
by the lovers and well wishers of our country, but we believe none 
will exceed the exhibition which is to take jilace this day, as will 
appear by the following 

. . NOTICE ■ - 

T O T II i: T 11 A D E S I\I EN. 

THE COMMITTEE of ]\IECIIANICKS appointed at their meet- 
ing the 7th. nit. jircsent their compliments to the several TllADES- 
I\lh:N, MECIIANICKS, and AllTIZANS of every description in the 
(own of Ixjston, and request their attendance at Faneuil Hall, this 
morning, at NINE o'clock, in order to form and jnoceed in IJllAND 






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1^17.] Ldtcr of Chlrf-Juslirc Sarg-cunl. 237 

niOCESSION therefrom, to testify tlieir approbiUion of the raiilicatioa 
of tlie Federal Couslitutioa, Ijy the Coaveutiuii of this coiuiiiuuweaUh 
the Gth instant. 

Tliey recommend that the procession he formed as follows — First, 
a plough, drawn by a horse, with husbaiidmcn carrying proper utensils 
— Then the tradesmen, iVe. of the town, each with some tool, doco- 
ratcd ; to proceed by traiks ; each trade with one person at its head. 
With the shi|)-builders, k,c. will be a boat, drawn by horses, pro]ic-rly 
manned. They rerpiest that the procession may be as full as possible ; 
that the several drummers, fifers, and other musicians in the town, will 
join the procession, with their instruments. 

The rout of the procession will be mentioned at the Hall, 

Boston, February 7, 176S. ._,- 



LETTER OF CHIEF-JUSTICE SARGEANT OF MASSA- 
CHUSETTS. 

fTlio fullowiii:,' arc e\lr:i.-ls frum ii ietler of .Tml-e SarL-cant to ilie f I. .n. .To-cph r>ail::LT 
of ( .iliiumlini, N. II., who was a. I)clci;ale to the Coiivl-iiUoii of tluit state foi- the ail^iitio:! 
of the Federal CoiLstitittiou.] 

I make no doubt but you have carefully compared y'^ old confederation with y'= new 
constitution and I wish you to review them a;,'ain. Can there bo sucha thing as Gov- 
ernment witliout Power / "What is advice, recommendation, or re(inisition f It is not 
Government. — Conijress has a right to raise an army, to make war and Peace, of 
entering into Treaties and alliances to borrow money and appropriate y« same — to 
ascertain y"-" sums necessary to be raised for y« Service of y*-' United States — to emit 
bills of credit — to build and etiuip a navy, and to make reijuisitions on y*-' states for 
their (juota of men, to Cloath, arm and eiiuij) them. But who will l.-nd Coni.'ress 
I^Ioney when they have not Power to raise a Sin-le Shilling to repay them '. Who 
Will take their bills ol Credit when every Body knows tiiey can never redeem them ? 
Who will enlist into their army when Congress has no money to pay them a Bounty or 
their wages or find them in Provisions > Who will build and cciuip a navy ibr them 
without money ? AVho will trouble themselves about Congress' making war or Peace 
when they can't command a Shilling to suppoit a war ? To what Purpose is it to 
ap[)ropri:ite money when they can't get it ^ — "What end docs it answer for other 
nations to make treaties and alliances with Congress when any one Slate by its obsti- 
nacy, fraud or some Paltry private interest may defeat y-' treaty or by main force break 
through it f 

What good end will be answered by ascertaining v"- Sums necessary to be raised 
when thirteen independent Legislatures are to judge whether those sums are necessary 
or not and whether they will raise them or not and if one State won't raise their iiuota, 
y'' other states are more than foolish, they are distracted if they raise theirs. — U'liat 
cllect will a requisition on y' states lor raising, cloathing, arming, and equipping their 
(juolas of men have, when V 13 Le:;islatures are left to judge of y^^ expediency, or neces- 
sity of this equiimient, whether they are not changed above their proportion — whether 
it won't do as well sometime hence f What security is it possible to have under such a 
Government ? A Government without eneigy. without power. Zeal and enthusiasm 
carried us thro' y"" last war without any Government till .March 17S1, when y^' Confed- 
eration \\-a3 comple.ited and tlieu we liobhli.-d aloni,' I'l mLUiths longer under it until 
peace took place, and biuce y' Peace, Uequl^ition- fnun Coiiuress have had no more eifecj 
than v'^' Pope's bulls wou'ii have hid. The old Coul'eileration is just y>-- >ame to yo 
I'uited St.iles as a people, as a milk and water diet wou'd be to a labouring man, both 
wou'd grow weaker and weaker till they were not able to crawl. Nothini: e\er i:,ive us 
any respectability abroad but y*-' readiness an 1 chearfioiie^s w illi >vhiili w e complied 
with all y-" recommendations ol' CongiVsS when wc h.id no (j'overnnieut at all. That ena- 
bled us to form Ireatiis w ith other nations, to hire money, and their h.itred to (^real Biit- 
ain engaged tlieni to join in y^ war amiust her. The nations in Europe discoveied this 
weakness long before we did. Great Britain for o y.-ars has refused to make any Treaty 
of coinmcice witii us, h is shut all her Ports aii-iiust o\ir shipping, while our I'orts are 
tilled with their shipping and se.iiiieii an^l .ire picking up our seamen lor tlu'ir employ 



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:M/J 23S •' . '• '•• Lctlcr of [July, 

— they hrini,' t!i.>ir Pioduco and inanuucturrs tr) uv to buy luil won't let us carry our 
own to Ihoni. 'i'hoy liavi^ emhirrasi'd our coniinorci? with othr-r nations by setting 
y'- Ak'orincs iii)on our shiiijiii:i; ar,d !hori.d/y oI)lij,'cd us to gisc .0 pt^r Cent, to them for 
insurance aiiainst ihe Ali^frincs — all this while we iiavc not had i"^' power to retalliate 
; upon lliem in one Sinu'le Arlielo. The other I'owers viz : France, Holland, Spain and 

Portugal have imw t.ikeu y hint and are iinpo,-in^' duties U[)on our I'roduce and Manu- 
factures toy [Treat encoinaLj.inrnt of their own and discouragement of ours, and we 
can't make any IJegnhiliiuis lo cotiiilerwdrk them. Massachusetts siune years ago took 
V*-' lead :uul mad.' some very advantageous Jlegulations. New Hampsliire followed, and 
Khode Island adoptetl a small jiart. Soon y People in New Ilanipshire uiew restive 
and obliged y' Governmenl to repeal y^' same. Uiiode Island followed and Massachu- 
^ ■•: ,' setts was obliged to fdlow them, so that you see what a rope of saml we aie. This 

1- . ■ conduct of y European nations will in time, if it produces good Government, prove of 

;. • eminint advantage to us. They drained us of almost all our Ca.rh. 'J'his put I'eople 

r - upon bi'ing imlustrious and frugal. Industry has occasinned great imiuovements in 

, I ■ . airricullure and in manut'actures. The first has rendered Provisions plenty and so 

, . : che.ip that we s(dl them to almost all nations. The latter has supplied us with many 
. ■ I neees-aries which we u'Jed to seiul cash for, and wo remitted to other nations pay for 
, . . what necessaries we wauled. Frugality ha-, prevcnied us from sending our Cash 

abroad lor many Superlluities whicli we can do as well or perhaps better without; so 
that now it is an undoubted fact that yo exports from America greatlv exceed y^ 'im- 
ports ; conseiiuently Cash may now become as jdenty as it woii'd be best it shou'd bo. 
The old Confederation without Power or Eueriry d.estroyed y- Cii-dit of y-' T'nite'l 
States.^ 'J'he scarcity of Cash, and y^' embarrassments of y^^ (;overnment, for want of 
.some fixed System of finance has de.-.troyed y^^ credit of y individual Slates — dilferent 
'J'enderacts in diderent Stale, diU'ereiit sorts of paper money in diifeieiit Slates, (fji 
almost all y-' Stales have either i>aper inoney or tender acts,) have destroyed jirivate 
Credit; so tlial we are now as a people and as individuals totally wilh(Uit either public 
■ - or private Credit. L'nder iheM' circumstances money never can circulate in plenty, let 

y^' advantages for importing it b(' what they may — 

Is it now pn^^ible lor a (Jovernment. under llie-e disadvantages, whether it be conti- 
nental or pailicnlar, to supjiort it>elf;iny length uf lime ! \\iH not pri\ ate iiuhistrybe 
iliscoura^ed ? Can such a Government [irotect y-' industrious Irom y^ hands of invaders 
or y"-' more savage hands of violence amoni,' ourselves? Anarchy \yill soon rear Us 
head and y^^ Tyranny of some anitiitious ]H>niai.'oi,'ue will soon tread on its heels. 
Suppose for a moment y<^ General Court of New Hampshire or 3Ias=achusetts were to 
agree that such a sum of money was neces-ary to be raised for y*^ building and main- 
taining of a colledL:e for supporting schools in dillerent Parts, for supporting ministers, 
• . lor encouraging y: Iron manufactory. y>^^ manufictory of cloalh, Ibr rei'airing y^' high- 

ways, for training and disciplinimr y militia, and prociuing a stock of giiiis am! animu- 
■ • nition and building lorts for y^ deience of y^ State and then send a recommendation to 

.■. , y several towns desiring them to raise their ([uota of that sum, being so much. 

. .' Wou'd not this be a laughable way of rai?ing money for y^' public exiirences ? One 

town wou'd say there was no need of building a Colledije : others woud say there is 
no need of Scliools or ministers: let them that work lion and cloath iret their own 
pay; our highways will do well enough without rejiairs ; y^^ militia are y.jo.l i,'unners 
already, there is no need of forts, and there is no war at hand, and we can do without 
Guns and ammunition a little longer; besides all they have rated our town too high. 
Wou'd not this be y^' common languau'e ? A precious little money wou'd be raiseiF, I 
trow. Let me ask, if y People in our town meetings are competent Judges of y-" ne- 
cessity and advantage of raisin:.; money I'or these purjioses? You will instantly answer 
me, no not one in six. Can ihey have large and extensive views of y^' interest, of y<- es- 
sential and im|)ortanl intere-ts of y>^' whole stale! \o, perhaps, not one, lb.) many of 
• , . them when Ihey had met with other persons I'rom all parts of y slnte. and had freely 
- conversed with them might be good Judges afterwards." How absurd and impolitic then 
. . - , is it to trust y^' great all'airs and interests of a c(uitiuent, loOO miles long and lOoO miles 
■wide to y^' di-termiiiation of 'Jiidii men deputed troiii some little spots of i' miles sipiare 
y^^ greatest part of whom never went further than y^ next market town pirha|).v, or at 
y^' out>.ide to y^' shire town of y slate and ii>'Ver e.xpects to g<i ;i^ain alter iiis year is 
'• up, or 'f^ '"' ''oes, it is only to get his .:.>;. iV/. a d ly w ithout labour or at y^ most to have 

. ■ y^' honour of saving a small Tax upon his own town — and these men are not to meet 

"l't^'ii''ther where they mighl. if disposed, gel y iiece-sary information to form a Jud::- 
meut by, — biit in thirteen dillerent iihices where they have dillerent interests, dilfereiu 
leaders and dillerent information. How mucli more ridiculous is it then, that all these 
men are to determine of y necei^sity of Peace or 'War — of y sums of Money neces- 
sary to he raised, of y best and easie-t mode of raising it thio' all y' .-tales, regulating 
y value of money thro' all y stall's, of defiiiin- .ind puni-hlii- Pii.uie^ .md felonies on 
y high se,is ,111(1 ef Otl'eilCes .ig.uiisl y 1 IW of i,.i!iii|;s — u hell it is iKve-s,iry and plujier 



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I 

1817.] '•'■'" Chlrf-Jitslirc Sargranl. '^,. SOU 

to grant Lettors of MririjUi' ami rcprl'-;il — ^vlKlt arc y^' iii;ht> aii'l ihuu-s oi" Aiiili.i.-..^u- 
(lors, Consuls ami luildic ininisUMs, \\ liat arc proper rules rc^]i('i'tiiij; capluiej ix lietc 
otlier nations ari; coni-cnicil witli us in )"-' capture or are iiiter(;sli"cl in y vessel capluin!, 
what regulations of Trade may l)0 carrieil into eliei-t in other nation^ so as not to 
injure our own conitnerce. These and a thousand other matters resjiectini^ our iuVr- 
course with other nations and other great national coikimiis, must he determined hy 
some Bodv ol'men with decision ami be carried into ell'ect loo. How piepostiTi'Ua i- ii 
then lor us to tiiink of going on under v"' 'dd Confederation when,' y-' .several >i;itc^ or 
some of them wou'd hiss any Law that mi^h't he proposed on lliose matters out ol Duc.ra. 

iS'ow let us consiiler y" new Constitiition. Aie there any ohjeets, of I.e'^j- a- 
tion in this, which were not left to y^ decision of Congress under y"^ old Articles i 
Very l"ew, s.ue that of KeLrnlaling cniiiiiii-ree \\ ith I'lirei^'u naiions lor want of wh;"!! 
we have sud'ered enough already — also to lorm a rule iir naturalization Laws 
about Bankruiitcies — fix y"^' standard of \vei:,'hts and measuies — to promote y"^ I'l'og- 
ress of arts and Sciences — to prevent counterfi'itirii,"- y-' Securities and current coin 
of y*' states, to provide for orirani/ini.'. arming, di'<eii)lining and calling fortli y militia 
on necessary occasions; to exercise exclusive Jurisdiction over 10 niile'S square of la;:d 
where Congress may sit, if so much is coiled to them by any state to their satisfaction 
and such other places where continental arsenals are kept. Our Pef>i)le are taught y-" 
necessity of this provision lor if a man of le;S penetration and d.ecision had been in y^ 
chair y year before last — they would have lo-i their most u'-einl and costly magazine. 
Is it not reasonabit; th.it tliese matters slmuM be done with unilbrinity thro' y slates ? 
Can these great cdijects evi'r be accomplished williont making laws to bind all persons 
in y Jurisdiction / Who are to make tbo-e Laws but y' Re|)resentativcs rhosen by 
y Peojile al lar^e every two years, and \\liere an ecjual re|)resenlalion is provided lor. 
and a Senate chosen by y stale Legislatures, one third of which are to be chosen every 
two years. When Laws are niaile they are nonsensical unless they can be curried ii.to 
e.xecution; therefore it is necessary somebody sliou'd ha\e a Power of determining 
■when they are broken, and to decice y^' I'orllelure in conseiinence of such breach, 'liiis 
shows y necessity of y^ Judicial Power — and an executive with y-' necessary olticers 
are rciiuisite for carrying those decrees into execution — and without all this y-' ^v!:ole 
parade of making laws wou"d be idle. 

That these parts, y^' Judicial and executive, sliouM be appointed by congiess is nec- 
essary in order that y-' proceedings may be uniform and to prevent one state fiom con- 
niving at or disregarding y" hiws made i'or y^ beneht of y' whole. If they are to rai-e 
money they must have olticers to collect it. These must be appointed by ('ongress or 
such men will be appointed by particular states as will shew y^' most lavour — and 
look thro' y*^ whole, I believe you will not find a Single Power given but what wor.ld 
maim y"-" constitution if it was left out. Perhaps it may be said this will be an exjicnsive 
Government. The Legislative will not be more exptMisive, if so much, as y"-' iirescnt 
congress for after they have got matters a going properly, they may be at home half 
their time. The other olticers must be paid it is true, Imt when we consider y"" advan- 
tages of a steady uniform (Government with jiroper energy, I believe we shall lind y-' 
Benefits purchased at a cheap rale. Perhaps some may say that this annihilates cur 
own state Governments, and our own Legislatures will have nothing to do; but y^ 
Laws respecting criminal olienders in all cases, except Treason, are subjects (or Legis- 
lation. AVe may increase, lessen, or change punishments for crimes as we think best, 
and make any act criminal or ponal as far as Law can make it so at our pleasure. 'Ihe 
regulatinii Towns, i)arishes, Pioviding ministers, scliools, looking after Poor persons, pun- 
ishing Idlers, vagabonds f<:c. ^^c. regulating Highways, bridges, lisheries. common lieids 
^vc. are also matters pertaining to y General court — but above all y-' great rules lor reg- 
ulating inheritances, descent of estates, I'aililion of them, last wills and Te»taiiiei:ls, 
executors, Administrators, and Guardians are subjects lor our own Legislation — y^' 
appointment of all courts, and y^ rules of Proceeding in them and of determining all 
controversies between our own citizens, Rules of Legitimacy, marriage and d.ivorce 
and in line all matters not expressly given to congress aie still to be the subjects ol our 
ow n Legislation to be carrietl into lltiect by our own courts and oliicers. Over w iial 
things does y^ constitution give congress a Power only tiiose of great national concern, 
which require a large comprehensive view and which, Heaven knows, our IL'U^i's ol 
ll-p-s-t-tives were never cajiable of comprehending or of judging whether they wt-re 
acting right or wrong. — I write very freely to you, without any re-^erve. Y*^ reg.'.rd 
I have for my Children, my Kinsmen, my friends, my .Neighbours, I'osteiity and my 
country, makes me bless G'od that those objects are likely tor ever to be taken onl of 
such hands, two thirds of whom were never from their lire side before, and nevei coai- 
lirehended m their view more than their own farms am! their ow n little private interest. 
I coifd write a volume on this subject, but thus much must sulilce l^r y pre-'Mit. I 
believe you are tired now as well as your ailectioi.ate 

Kinsman and sincere' fiiei.d .uul Serv' 

-Naihl Ph.\sLLi: S.vin. l.v.nt. 



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240 



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1917.] 



2Iinistcrs in RociyoigJiam Count y. 215 



NOTES 



EvKTER. ^' Jlrctcr New Churclij'' aftcrwanls nillcd "The Sicoitd Chinch of 
Christ in Ejetcr.''* A considerable; lumiber oC the inciiibLMb ul the Fii-t Churcli 
soft'dcd, and "einhcnlied into a New Cliiirch, c^ii a ilay of Fastiiii,' and I'laycr, 
June 7. 17-14.'' There is an error in several publieatioiis. f^'ivini,' 17If< ay the 
date ol tlie formation of that churcli. This error is founu on the inonumeiilal 
.stone of Kev. Daniel Roi^or.s, in the ;:raveyard, in Kxeter. It is not stranL'i- that, 
in so long an inscription, there .should have been, through inadvertency, an 
omission, bv the engraver, or in his copy, of the word insldlled, inimeiliately 
after the name. The words, I'asior of a church gathircd in Exeter, .should have 
been marked by a parenthesis, 'Jlie inscription on the gravestone wa^ copii'd 
bv Aldeii, into his ('(illections, and thus currency has been, unintentionally, 
given to the error. Original documents show the iacLs in the case. 

The causes of the secc.>iion, which issueil in the establishment of a New 
Church in Exeter, were of a relii'lous nature, but the presentation of tliem does 
not come within the scope of this woik, and besides, we have not space lor their 
discussion. 

The Rev. Daniel Ro<jcrs was born in Ipswich, Ms., in 1707, and graduated H. 
C. 17-25. lie received ordmation, without a [jastorul charge, by a council, which 
met at York, July 13. 171v?. 'J'lie ministers of the council were Kev. Messrs. 
Jeremiah Wise of I^erwick, 'Mo. ; iN'icholas Gilman of Durham, N. II. ; John 
Rogers of Kittery, (now Eliut,) JMe. : and Samuel Moody of York, Me. Rev. 
Daniel Rogers "had been many years a tutor isi Harvard College, was a pious 
faithful minister of Jesus Christ, and a worthy sou of Rev. John Rogers, pastor 
of the lirst churcli in Ipswich, who died, Dec. 28, 17-15, in his 80th year. JIc 
was a son of John Rogers of the same i)lace, a pliysician, and preacher of 
God's word, and President of Harvard College, who died, July '2, UiS 1, aged 
54 years. Jle was eldest son of the Rev. Nathaniel Rogers, who came from 
Enuland, in lOSfJ, settled at Ipswich, colleague pastor with the Rev, Nathaniel 
Ward, and died, July "2, 1U5,'), aued 57 years. Jk was son of the Rev. John 
Rogers, a famous minister of God's woid at Dedham, in England, who died Oct. 
18, li)3it, aged G7 years. lie was grandson of John Rogers of London, Preben- 
dary of St PauTs, Vicar of St. Sepulchre's, and Reader of Divinity, who was 
burnt at Smithlield, Feb. 14, 1555, lirst martyr in (iuecn Mary's reiiiu." [Mon- 
umental Stone ; Jldrn'i Epitaphs.] Rev. Daniel Rogers died, Dec. It, 1785, aged 
79. When the Covenant of the ^nd church was adopted, it was signed by 30 
males and 11 females. During Mr Rogers' ministry, '22 males and 3'J females 
were added. It is well known, that Mr. Whitelield preached a few times at 
Exeter. During the last week in September, 1770, he preached four times in 
Portsmouth. On Saturday morning he rode to Exeter, and preached to a large 
concourse of people, assembled in the open air. It was his last sermon. In 
the afternoon, lie rode to Newburyport, where he died the next morning, on the 
30th of September. lie was interred on the 2nd of October. Of his pall bear- 
ers were Itev. Dr. Haven of Portsmouth, and Rev. Daniel Rogers ot Exeter. 
'• 'When the corpse was nlaceil at the foot of the pulpit close to the vault, the 
Rev. Daniel Rogers made a very allecting prayer, and openly confessed that 
under God, he owed his conversion to that man of God whose preciou^> remains 
now lay before them. Then he cried out, O my father, my father! Then 
stopped and wept, as though his heart would break ; ami the peoph; weeping 
all through the place. Then he recovered, and t]ni^hed his prayer and sat down 
and wi'pt.'' [Dr. (IdVte's Memoirs nf ll'hitejiild.] 

Tlie In r. Joseph 7)/7u/'u was educattnl ul Lady Huntingdon's Seminary, and 
wa^ ,-ettleil in the miiiistrs- at Epping, I<'ssex, England, until he canu! to this 
country. When ilismissed at E\eter, he removed to Deer I~.le, Me., where he 
was installed, 180 1, and where he died, Sept. 13, 1811), aired 57. From tlie 
death of Mr. RoL'crs to the close of Mr. Brown's minislry, in the 2nd church in 
Exeti'r. there were added fourteen males, and twenty-four I'emales. During 
Mr. Hrown's resilience at Deer Isle, he was engaged in soliciting aid tor some 

< This i> lint ilic I'laiKli ul' w!ih !i ilic Ui'v, .Mr. llunl i- [M-U'r, 



■I V 11' ') 



216 CoiiL'/'cg-alioiuil Churches and [July, 

cliaritable enterpriso. For tliat piii-po-o lie called on .some of the people ol 
Portsmouth. Tiu'y receised him kindly, and only objected that they iiad just 
been doing (oy lltii, — thiit, — and f/c- o^/c. r o!)j(;ct3 of benevolence. His reply 
is worthy of notice for the "ifatiiaent it contains : '•' I love to come amoiiLT these 
luive been iluing folks."' On the church book are the baptism?} of liis ^^on Amer- 
icas, in 17!t3 ; his bon Charles Miuilson, in 17i)4 ; and his .son Daniel Rogers, 
in 17;i7. ib-v. Charles M. Biown has been a /.ealou.s and useful Seamen's 
Chaplain. From the close of Mr. lirown's ministry, in the -'nd church in 
Exeter, to 1.S02, there wen; admitted three males, ami nine females. Tliere is 
then a chasm in the records, till Sept. 18, l.S.!3, when a majority of the mem- 
b'Ms ri'niai'.iijiLT iir FA'eter, anil they females, met at the house of Mrs. Martha 
Foor. Their proceeJin^'s are regidarly entered in the chuich book, the last 
date being May 2'2, IS-M. 

Thev had no pastor after ]\b-. Drown. For a few years they had occasional 
preaching. They never formally disbanded; but mo^t of them united, or min- 
gled in the observance of relii'ious ordinances, with other churches. Their 
meeting-house stood where Maj. Waddy V. Cobb"s house now stands, or. Front 
street. 

A Xcw Church wa^ formed Dec. 2 1, 1S13, which is now styled " The Second 
Ch'trck in Kwlcr.'' Tlie ministers invited on the occasion by Letters Missive 
from "several mcmber.s of the Religious Society, in the Upper Congregational 
Society in Exeter," were the Rev. Messrs. Porter of Rye, Holt of Epping, 
Abbot of Hampton Falls, Webster of Hampton, and French of North Hampton, 

Mr. Hosea llildreth, profes.ior of mathematics and natural philosophy, in the 
Academy, and who was also a preacher, supplied the pulpit for some time. Mr. 
Hildreth was ordained in (iloucester, Ms., in 1S-2j ; and installed in West- 
borough, Ms., in ISoJ. He died in Sterling, Ms., his native place, July 10, 
183,"), aged o3. 

J'lr. l-iHii: Ifiinl, pastor of the present Second Church, was born in Charles- 
town, Ms., Dec. 7, 17S.3 ; graduated H. C. 18()ti ; studied theology with Rev. 
Dr. Osirood of Medford, Ms. ; and afterwards at Divinity Hall, in Edinburgh, 
Scotland ; and commenced preaching in the city of London. He was ordained 
pastor of the First Church in Lyim, .Ms., Sept. 15, 1S13, lesiirned May -li, 
ISlfi, and was, by the unanimous invitation of ''The Second Congregational 
Church, in E.veter," installed their pastoi-, Sept. 11, 1817. The sermon was 
preached by the Rev. Daniel Dana, D. D., of iVewburyport, from 1 'i'im. i: 7. 

Tlie I'ather of Mr. Hurd was Joseph Hurd, Es(i., of Charlestown, Ms., whose 
brother, Isaac Hurd, M. D., graduated at H. C. in 177(J, and was a physician 
of celebrity, in Concord, AIs. 'l"he Rev. j\Ir. Hurd married, ^Llrch I'i. 181 'J, 
]Mrs. Elisabeth Emery of Exeter, whose maiden name was Folsom. One of 
the sons of Mr. Hurd died in early childhood, liis other son, Francis Parkman 
Hurd, graduated at H. C. in lS3ii, and received the degree of M. D. from the 
University of Peimsylvania, in 1845. 

Gosi'oiiT, or Star Island, is one of a cluster of eight small islands usually 
called 'J'he Isles of Shoals, composed of beds of njcks, jiartly covered with 
soil. They are about nine miles from Portsmouth Light House, and twenty- 
one from Newburyporl Lights. Five of these islands are within the limits of 
Maine. Of tliese, I log Island is the largest of the whole group, and contains 
about 350 acres. Of the three in New Hampshire, Gosport, or Star Island, 
formerly called Appledore, is the largest, and contains 15U acres. AVhite 
Island, on which the Light House is located, is only one acre. These islands 
were visited, as early a-? KJll, by the celebrated navigator, John Smith, who 
gave them his own name; but they have long been called " Tiie Isles of 
Shoals." They invited settlement, merely by the advantages they furnished 
for lishery. This business was prospiMOUs, for about a century, previous to the 
American Revolution. The population varied from 300 to (JUO, employing a 
number of schooners and other craft. A meeting-house, previous to ltJ-11, was 
erected on Hog Island, where the people from the .several islands used to 
assemble. There was also a Court House on the same island. At a subsequent 
period, a meeting-house was built on Star I>land, where the greater part of the 
inhaliitants have resided. , . 



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1^17.] Jlinislers in ruxkin'^ham Coun'ij. 247 

Rev. Joseph Hull camo from England, aiiJ .sptllcd in Wevinouih \U in 
]fi3j. He rosi;,'iiea in l(i3!i, and alkTwaicIs preacliod at tho 'l.lrs ui Slio'aN 
Ho IS mLTilioned as "of the Isle of Slmles," hy Dr. Cotton .Mather, in hi^^ li^t of 
tlie^first class of New En-laiul uiinistL'rs. [iV(/i.'/i((/i(/, \'ol. I., IJ. ';i.l 
_ Rcw John Erode came to New Kii-lanJ in l(i37. U^i comuicncra nrraoliin" 
in Jfowloy, and altcrward laluuvd, a nuniher of years, at [he Shoals. He was 
e^leeined eniinently pious. The celehrated Mr .Mitihcl of Cauil)ri.i-r >:iid of 
Inni, •' He dwells as near heaven as any man iipuii earlli." Itev. John Allin of 
Dedliain observed, " I scarce ever knew any man .>o familiar with the "real 
God as his dear servant IJrock." 'J-hrr.- w,re s(.-veral remarkable coincidences 
between .Air. Brock's prayers and iirovidenlial occurrences afterward. A man 
w-hose pnncii)al jnoperty was his ll>hm^-l.<,at, and who had been very service- 
able m conveying to the i)lac(- (,f meetin- the inhaliitants of other island^ 
os^t Ins l)oat m a storm. He lamented hi, lo^s to ,Mr. Ihock, who sahl lo him' 
• Go home, honest man, I "11 mention the mailer to the Lord, you '11 have your 
boat to-morrow." Mr. IJrock made the mailer a subject of pra\er. The ne.\t 
dav the anchor of a vessel fastened upon the boat and drew it up. 

The people were persuaded by Air. Ihock to observe one day in eacli month 
as nn extra season of leli-ious e\erci:~es. On «.ie occasion, "the rou-hness of 
the weather had lor several days prevented li^hiu- On the day of'meetin- 
the weatlier was Ime, and the men wished the meelini;- put by.' Mr. iJrocr 
perceivin:,' that they were deteimmeit not to all-'ud, said to llieni. If uuu irtll .-o 
(ucaij, I saij unto yon, catch Ji^h if you can. Jlut us for you that mil turrif and 
worship the Lord Jcsu.s Christ this ihnj, I u-ill pray unto hinifor you, that y.umin, 
take fish till yon arc weary. Tliirty men went away, and five tarried The 
thirty canyhl but four lislics. The live, who tarried, wont out afterward and 
took atiout live hundred. 

Mr. Brock continued at the Shoals till HUrl, wlien he removed to Ileadin<^ 
Ms., where he was settled, as successor of Kev. Samuel Iluu-h, whose widow 
he marrieil, and w here he continued till his death, in his (JMiryear For other 
particulars of Mr. Brock see Alaimalia, Vol. 11., B. 1, and Am iUiar lie- V(il 
VIII., p._140, and Vol. XL, pp. 170, liin. ' •.•,.,!. 

Rev. Savnul Bclchtr, who i,'raduated II. C. in IH.^i), was preacher at the Shoals 
m li;72. From lOii.S to 171 1, he was past.;r of the 2nd churcli in Xewburv 
which became the 1st in West .\ewbury. lie died in ipswi.'h, liis native place 
Alio-. i;j, 171.1, a-ed 7 t. '■' He was a -o(nl scholar, a |udiciuus divme ; and 1 
holy, humble^ man.'' [Am. (iuar. Jle^., \u\. \l L, p. ;2.3;*,J 

Rev John Tiukc is understood to have been the only pastor ever ordained at 
the Shoals. The writer ot this article has not been al^le to ascertain how the 
people were supplied, duiui- the forty years immediately precedin- the set- 
tlement of Air. Tucke. lAIr. Tuck.; was the son of John, who was the .M,n uf Ed- 
ward, who was the son of Robert, who emii^rrated froni Gorlslon, Sulhilk, Ko'^. 
•about the year lO.'JG, and was amon^' the lirst settlers in Hampton, \ II' Air' 
Tucke\s ordination sermon was preached by liev. Jabez Fitch of Portsmouth from 
Alatt. IV : 1!) — 1 v-dl make yon fishers of men. It is said that Air. Tucke was fur- 
nished with a lar-e library, and was, notwithstanding: his isolated situation ex- 
tensively acquamted with the allairs of hi.s times. He was one of tlie forty-live 
ministers, whose attestations, by letter, lo the revival in 17-13, were published 
His remains rest in Gospoit. Th(> followin- inscription on his mouumental 
.■^tone, has been considered a jUst tribute to his memory. 

Tfmiorncath 

am the remains of the 

Kev. John Tuck. A. .M. 

He -rixlii.itea at Ihirvanl 

Colh'-c A. 1). 17-.':i— w,i- ..nlained ••■■■■'••( .'■■■'■ ' :; 

here July I'l'.. I's: 

and liieil Aa":;iist I'J. 177.J. 

.'i:.^72. 

lie was alKiMe nnd poliu- in \il< manners ■ 

atui.ihle ill Ids ilivpoviinin • 

01 _r;iiMi rict\- ;nul lntc;;iily; i j, .i. , .. , .; ,, , , 

:;ivcii lo hospit-dU) , 



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3-lS Cuiigrcg-(iliij/ial Ch/in'hcs and [July, 

Dilii,'eiil aiul laitliful in liis pastoral 

ollice, well loariied in History and 

' Geo^^iapliy, as well as general 

Scieiiee, and a careful l'iiy»ician 

Lotli to tde biidies and 

I'lie bonis of 

■ (, • his peoijie. • . •• 

Mr. Tiirko married, Nov. 2G, 1724, ^laiy Dole of Hampton, a ilescenJant of 
Richard Dole of Newbury. 

Ivev. John Tucke, son of INIr. Tucke of tlie Shoals, was born in 1740, grad- 
uated 11. C. 17.J8; ordained at Kpsoin, Sept. 23, 17G1, manied, INhircli 4, ll7i;2, 
to I\Iaiy, daughter of Uev. Samuel I'arson.s of Rye. Love M., daughter of j\lr. 
Tucke of Epsom, married Simeon Drake. These last mentioned were the jiarenLs 
of Samuel G. Drake, M. A., of lioston. ]\Ir. Tucke of Epsom remained in that 
place till the time of the Revolution, ^\■llile on his way to join the army as 
Chaplain, he was taken with the small-pox, of which he died in Salem, N." Y., 
Feb. LI, 1777, in the 37th year of his age. 

Not long utter the death of the Rev. INIr. Tucke of Gosport, the war of tlie 
Revolution commenced. The inhabitants were exceedinaly exposed ; business 
was arrested, and many left the Islands not to return. The population for the 
last half century, has varied from GtJ to 1U3. The preachers who have resided 
ther(; have also instructed the school, ami have been supported in part, by the 
inhabitants, and in part by contributions from benevolent societies, and individ- 
uals. Near the beginning of the present century, lUv. Josiak Htcrcus was lo- 
cated at the Shoals. There was at that time, a comfortable parsonage house, 
and a stone meeting-house, which was also the school-house, on Gosport. oNlr. 
Stevens was much respected and beloved, and very useful as a minl?ter and 
teacher, lie was born in Killiiigwurth, Ct., about 1740. In mature age, he re- 
moved, with his wife ami five or six childien. to Newport, N. II. He aiiled in 
founding the church in that place, and was one of its deacons. He served two 
short terms in the Revolutionary war ; and was in the battle of Bennington. 
A fellow-soldier spake of him, as a man of decided piety, who amidst the bustle 
of the camp, was constant in his morning and evening devotions. Immediately 
after the adoption of the State Constitution, he received a civil commission, and 
transacted much business, as a magistrate. He was often engaged in teaching. 
After commencing to preach, he labored for a time in Goshen. "His father was 
Josiah Stevens. A son of Rev. ]\lr. Stevens, ]\Iaj. Josiah Stevens, was also a 
deacon of the church in Newport, where he died, in 1844, aged 81. He was 
father of Hon. Josiah Stevens of Concord, who was born in Newport, Jan. 28, 
171)5, and was in 1838 elected Secretary of State. JIis eldest son is Josiah. 
The Rev. ^Ir. Stevens died in Gosport, where the following inscription is found 
on his gravestone : • . 

In memory of the Rev. Josiah Stevens, a faithful instructor of youth, and pious 
minister of Jesus Clirist, (supported on this Island, by the Society for propagating the 
gospel,) who died, July -J, lb04, aged 04 years. 

Rev. Samuel SewuU, who labored several years as pastor in Edgecomb, I\Ie., 
removed in 1824 to the Isles of Shoals, " bein<^ employed by a benevolent 
society in Newburvport and vicinity, as a missionary, and continued in this 
employment until the time of his ih'ath." He died in Rye, N. H.. after a short 
sickness, March Ki, 182(1, leaving the character of an exemplary Chiistian, 
and a devoted and useful miiii>tei\ Jlev. Oripin Smith, of the Free-will Bap- 
list denomination, preached there in 1837. Recently, the Society for Propa- 
gating the Gospel have employed llcv. A. riumcr as preacher, and .Mrs. Rlu- 
mer, as teacher. 

GuKENL.iNi). It is not ascertained when the church was gathered at Green- 
land, h consisted of nineteen members when the Rev. ]l'illiam Allen.^ their 
first minister, was ordained. He was born in Boston, Ms., in Ui7G, graduated 
H. C. in 1703 ; ordaineil July 1.^), 1707 ; died, Sejit. 8, 17iiO, agetl M. Wev. Dr. 
Laiigdon, in his sermon at the iudinatit)n ot Mr. Macclinloek, as colleague, said 



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I?i7.] JJi/iislrrs ill RnfL-iii<j,h(i),i CoKiify. 2-19 

to ilic pc(.ii!i>, '• Let nol yniir aflrcMlons he witlnlrawn fiom //,■/,(. who has spont 
In-^ sticn-ih in your service; and now, hinviuLi- undn- hi-, infirinitics. i.s no 
lonL'rr alilf to porlVnin liis |iiiMio wtnk ; luit is pivparniL' lo Iravi; yon. iliat he 
may jom the church tiiuiuphanl. liniicnibiT he is still your i)a.stor ; and, iho' 
he cannot minister to you as lornirilv, he is still coiicenied lor your spiritual 
wellare. pourin.tr out lii-s soul the nuMe'rarucMl v in piayer hir you. as he s,.,..s ilie 
time ol his departure is at hand/' \)\\n\v_t Mr.' All.'u's' niinisiry :J'j;j were added 
to the church. In 1728, forty-four w.ie a.hhd ; in 17:^:.. ihiitv: in 17-l-.>, thirty; 
in 17.j(;, liie hist year of his acti\e iniiii>u\-, thiileen. 3Irs. Eleanor Allen, liis 
consort, died Jan. Ki, 17:M-r., a-e.! ,V2 : "a^i ,.arlv convert, eminent for holm'ess, 
prayerluiness. watchfulness, zeal, jundence, wcane.hiess from the woild self- 
lieiual, iaithfiilness, and chantv.'' .Mr. Allen i-, ^■.{u\ to liave married, for his 
second wile, Elisabeth Weaie of Ilainplon Falls. 

Uci\ Samuel Mdcclnitoch, J). J) . second pa-tor, was a .son of Mr. William 
Macclmtock, who came from the noilh of [i.l.uul, and settled in Medfoid, AIs. ; 
was a respectable farmer, the liu-baiul of four wives, the father of nineteen chil- 
dren, and died tvj^vd W. His third wile accompauied liim to this country. She 
uas i!io mother of Samuel, who was bom at M.'dioid, .May 1, 173a. He was 
reli:j;ious|y educated, from eailv childhofid. His cla--ical education, which 
commenced in the irrammar-school, at .M(>dfoid. was continued under' the in- 
.struction of the celebrateil Master Mmot, at Concord, Ms. ; and, afterward, under 
the preceptorship of the Jtev. Mr. Abcrcrombi.-, a cler-vman, eminent for pietv 
and leamimr. m an Academy, near \ortham()ton, .Ms. Mr. Macclinlock i;radu- 
ated at the Colle<,re of X'ew Jersey, 1 ir> 1 . Beh.re the expiration of his senio7 year, 
he was invited, by I're.s. Burr, toaceej)! an appointment to a tiitorshi]), which, on 
account ot other plans, he declined. 1 [(« was ordained at (Ireenhuid, collea"ue 
with Mr. Allen, Nov. :j, \li,6. The strain of Dr. .Macclinlock's preachin- was 
evaniielical, serious, instructive, plain, and practical ; his style manly and ner- 
vous ; his delivery solemn and unaiiecte.l. His sermons were always the fruit 
of close application, and linished with a dei,Mee of accuracy, that lew attempt, 
anil fewer attain. ' 

He ardently espoused the cause of his countrv : and was repeatedly with the 
army m the Revolution, in the capacity of Chaplain. Three of liis .sons fell in 
the contest. He had lifteen childien by his lirst marriai.'e, and one by his sec- 
ond. His last preachini^r ^vas on the annual Ea>t, Aniil l!i, l.sol. He died of 
a pulmonic lever on the 27lh of the same month. ' His funeral sermon was 
preached by Rev. Dr. liuckmiiuster of I'ort-mouth, from 1 Cor. iii : 2-2. The 
executor of Dr. jMaccIIntock's will was directed by him, to place only a plain 
stone at his jriave, for which he had prepared the last sentence of tlie followm"- 
inscription. ° 

" To tho .Alemory of Snmiiel M.icclintock, I). D. who died April 27 1^01 in the 7-\l 
year ol his a-o, aiul the .|si(, of his ministry. Jlis l,.„l,, rests /un in the ee,t„'u, L,,,e of a 
yesarnrtion to ti/cuvl um„ortalily, icliui C/,nsl shall ap/nar, the scrowl time, to co.,s,-rw,,ate 
the great design of h,s me.linlonal ki,i^dn,nr [.lUen's Kpilaphs; Dr. J]Hc!c„u,istu's Sna.\ 

Dr. Macclintock's publications were, a Sermon on the Justice of God in the 
.Moilahtyol Man, 17.VJ ; the Artihc's of Deceivers, 1770; Herodias, or cruelty 
and reven-e the ellects ol unlawful pleasuiv. 177-2 ; Sermon at the commence- 
ment of the new Cun-liiution in New Hampshire, 1781 ; Correspondence with 
Jvev. John Cosens O-den, 17!il ; Sermon, The Choice, occasioned by the 
drought, the fever, and the prospect of war. HUS ; Oration, commemorative of 
Uashm-ton, ISOO. [.Ulcn's niuu. the : Pt.(at,ui',.i Eina. Mv. Vol 1 I 

Urv. James Aymstroa'r Xcnt, third pastor in (iieenland, was a son of John 
INeal of lortsmouth, afterward of I-ondonderry. who married Mary Leavitt of 
•North Hampton. Their other children weie"M,,ses l.eavitt, Es,",.. of Dover, 
A. II. ; John, superintendent of tlu; Orphan h.>u-,>, CharleMou S C • Marv 
wile ..f Maj. (;ei.shu,n Ch.Mi.'y, of Umland. Vt. ; Sarah 1!.; Sophia \V . who 
marne.i Capt Samuel E. Eeavltt of .Norm li.unpin:, ; J„MM,h. of liampton ; 
jim Nathaniel I'., of N'ew Shaiou. Me. hev. ,M,. Xeal uas b,„u in 177 1 He 
lia.l a .'ood acade„nr:d .•ducaliou, mid w,i. v.,uie se.us pieceplor of a yomc- 

Hi " "" 



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2'i0 Coiig-rcg-dluDial Churches and Ministers. [-^uly, 

hilies' school, ia Philailelpliia. Wi: was patroiiize«.l by Rev. Dr. (Ircen, to 
■\vho>e church he bi'loiii^^'J, and umler \vho.>e diiection he coinnieiicpj hi.s tlie- 
oU)L;ical btiuliei. Although lie had not ijeeu a iiieinlier oi' any college, ?uclx 
were his literary atlainineiits. that l)r. Ne~.t)it, President of Dickiii.-^oii CoUeire, 
conferred upon hiin the dei^Mve of .M. A. in ISo-J. .Mr. Neal received license 
from the Piscataijua A~;sociatiori. He was ordained at (Greenland, May '22, 
1S07. The exercises were, Prayer by Picv. Peter Holt of Eppinu ; Sermon by 
Ivev. Jesse Appleton of lIain])ton, from Ila:.'. ii : tl, 7 ; Ordaiuin:^ Pi aver by 
Ilev. Wilhain MorrJ.-on of Loudondcrry ; Charire by liev. Timothy rpham of 
Deerfield ; Fellow.-'hip b\- Wcv. J. French of North Hamilton ; Prayer by Rev. 
11. Porter of Rve. Mi-. Xeal possessed jiopular talents, and d.ied much 
reirretted, after sullerini,' LMcallv, from an ori:aiiie disease of the liearl, July 18, 
1SU8, aged 3 1. He married Christiana Palmer, a lady from Kelso, Scotland. 
They had two sons. The oldest, J<ihn P., died Xuv. 14. 180G, aireil 2 years. 
Their other son, Joseph Clay Neal, has loidiil ia Philadelphia, and is known 
to the public, as the eiiitor of the I'luhuleliihiaa ; author of the Charcoal 
Sketches. [Piscat. llv. Mag.; JliUn's Eintaphs ; (jnilitiin'i -Vuirl 

Rev. Kphniiin Jbhol, fourth pa^^tor ia (ireeuland, was of the Concord branch 
of the Abbot family. He was bora ia New Castle, Me., ia ITT'J. His father 
was Bcnjamia, who was son of Benjamin of Concord, who was son of Thomas, 
who was son of tJeori^e, who settled in Andover, Ms., ia 1()47, and who is said 
to have emigrated from Yorkshire, KuLrland. Rev. Mr. Abbot of Greenland 
graduated H. C. Iboii, and at And. Tlieo. Sem. 181U, and was ordained at Green- 
land, Oct. 27, ISKi. The sermon was by Rev. Eliphalet Pearson, LL. 1)., from 
]\Iatt. x : l(i. Mr. Ahbot married Mary Holioke, dauirhter of Dr. Peaisun, who, 
after he re>i\nu'd his piofes-.or>hip in the And. Theo. Sem. resided in ]\Ir. 
Abbot's family, ia Gieenlaiid, wheie he deceased, ia 1S2(). For some account 
of Mr. Abbot's mis-^iouary labor-, befure he was settled at Greenland, see "The 
New Hampshire Reposiiorv,'"'" \ ol 11.. No. 2. 

Mv. Abbot's healtli becoming inlirm, m c(jnsequence of a wound in his side, 
and not being able to contine liiin.-5elf entirely to the labors of a pa>tor, he be- 
came the first jireceptor of the Academy ia the place, c.-tablislied by George 
Bracket, Estp He lesiLmed his miaislry, Oct. 2.S, 182S. The church, at his 
ordinatioa, coasi-ted of nineteen members. During his ministry thirty-seven 
were added. He removed to Westiord. ]\ls., and took charge of the Academy 
in that place. His second marriage was with Miss Bancroft, daughter of Amos 
Bancroft, ^I. D.. of Grotoa, ^Is. 

Mcr. .Smnucl Wallace Clark w;is born in Hancock, N. H., Dee. 15, 1795, grad- 
uated D. C. 182.'] ; ordained at Greenland, Aug. 5, 1S2<». His lather. John Clark, 
was grandson of Robeit Clark, who emigrated from the north of Ireland to Lon- 
donderry, N. II., in company with the early sctlirrs of lliat place ; though not 
among the lust. Rev. S. \V. Claik was tlie second of lea cluldrca, and the 
eldest of four sons. His brother, RfV. William Clark, was several years pastor 
of the 1st charch ia ^Vells, Me., ;mu1 lias since been extensively known, in his 
agency for the A. B. C. F. M. Rev. Mr. Clark of Greenland married Frances 
M., dauirhter of Dea. Robert Clark, for many years an elder of the Presbyterian 
church, in New Boston. She deceasetl July 12, 1832. leaving one cldld, Fran- 
ces ^Vallace. Mr. Clark's second marriage was with Rebecca P'lisaheih Howe, 
a descendant of the Pilgrim, John Alden. She is a daughter of Josiah Howe, 
M. D., of Templeton, and afterwards of Westminster, Ms. The children of Mr. 
Clark, liy the second marriage, were John Howe, Lucy Barrow, and AVilliam 
^Vallace ; the last of whom deceaseil Aug. IH. is-jtl. 

When Mr. Clark was onlaiaed, his ehuieh con.-isted of twenty-eight mem- 
bers. Ia IS-Jij, there were fortv communicants. 



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1817.1 Ckncah^ics. 251 



G E N E A L O Cn E S , 



TIIK WOLCOTT FAMILV. 



INTKulJlCTi iJlV llE.MAliK.- 



Hknuv ^Volcott was the fn>t ut the WulcuU Family wlio .scitlt-el in New 
Enirhiuil. He owned u cousideiahle huided pru;)erty in Ins native country, 
which he held in cnj^itc, pail of which he .-^old about the tune he lel'l Knizland ; 
the re.^t of the estate was sold at ^undly times by himsolf and liis descendants; 
the last remains were sold since the Dcehualion of Inde[)endence, by Henry 
Allen, Es(p, of \Vind3or, who claimed it by h.'male descent. From circum- 
stances it seems probable that the family are of Sa\<in orii^in. Mr. \Volcott, to 
avoid the ecclesiastical hierarchy of the Kiii,di.-h Church, was induced to come 
into this country. He liist settled at Dorchester, where he continued till KJoG, 
when he came with the liist settlers to the town of AVind-or, and willi four other 
gentlemen, namelv, .Air. Ludlow. Mr. Xew beriy, yii. Slouyhton. and .Major Ma- 
son, undertook the settlement of that town, to which they gave the name iJonlics- 
tcr. The towns of Hartford and Welherslield were settled the same year, tlioui^h 
the town wliich is now called Windsor was, upon the first emigration, by far 
the most considerable. Previous to this settlement on Connecticut River, one 
had been made at Springfield, under the patronage of ,Mr. I'ynchon ; and an 
earlier .settlement, with commercial views, had been made at Saybrook, by Mr. 
Fenwick, agent to Lords Say and Seal and 15rouk. 'J'hose who settled on Con- 
necticut River, in the year 1(33(J, were united with the people of ]Massacliusetls 
in religious ana civil polity, and seem to have been mucli under their inlluence till 
1(J3S, whim they ado[)ted a civil constitution for themselves, and Mr. Ludlow 
was chosen their first Governor, and Mr. Wolcott a magistrate, then called an 
Assistant, to which odice he was annually chosen till his death, in 1(155. His 
eldest son Henry was one of the I'ateniee.-^, whn~e name is inserted in the 
Charter granted by Charles H. Mr. Ludlow went to llie AVest Lrdies, and 
left no posterity in this country. INIajor .ALisoii, it i^ ^aid, had no male posleiity. 
The descendants of the others are well known in W'ind.-or. 

' '■ ^ ' •"■■ ' gi:m;.\logy. 

Henry Wulcott, I'^si]., was Loru A. D. 1-j7S; ;uu1 on or about tlie year 
1007, married Eli-sabeth :>anilers, who was l.ioni in 1-J^D. He lived h\ 
TollaiKJ, near Taunton in Son. er.seI^llirc, England, till the year iGuO, 
and then to avoid i)crsecntion, came witli liis lamily into Xew Eng- 
land, and sctllcd at Dorchester. In the year HiiJO, he went with his 
lanuly to WimUorin ConneetieiiL INIr. AVoLult, .Mr. Liulluw, ]\lr. New- 
berry, Mr. Stoiighton, and rkltijor ]\Ia.son, were the five gentlemen tliut 
nnderlook the settling of the lowii. i\Ir. AW^hutl was oiii' of the first 
magistrales in the Colony of ( "uimeetieiit ; he lived in that |)ost in 
AV'indsor, till he dietl, i\Liy LIO, \(<'jo. His wile died July 7, Kioj, and 
she and her husband lie buried in one tomb in "Windsor. Their chil- 
dren were 

1. .\niK\, wlio ni. M itlliew GriswoKl and d. at Lyna'. 2. Henry Wo'colt, Escj., b. 

ir.iii, ,1. ,,. WiiuNor, July 1 J, I'.-Mi, ;!. (.'r.ii-i', who d. ,e AVotliri>ri.-l,!. F.-h. r.', lOi.rj. 
1. I'lin-l-plii'r, w li.i il. Ill \\'iii.!sur, Sept. ', ir..;j. .-,. .M.nv. ni. Joh Hi.dvc, ..n.l .1- in 
Windsi).-, Sf[)t. r., l^.^',^ i.. Simon. 1>. lt,J,\il. Ill Wind-. r. S. pi. II, li-^7 ; Ins w lU' d. l.)cl. 

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The; cliildrcu of Ilciiry, son of llciiry, by his wife, Sarah Newberry, 
weie 

1. Henry,!). Jan. (\ l'"!:'.. d. in AN'iml-^or. Q. John, b. Feb. 2'', ICir,, ,!. in \Vind.sor, Jan 
11, 171'.'. :t. S;inincl, b. Ocl. ^, I'.IT, d. June 11, ir.'.i.-). .). Sarali. b, July ^>, U'l'.', rn 
AValtPr I'ricc and il. at Salcni. Ti. Mary, b. l)fc. S. \CC)l, m. James llus.sf II, Ks^(),, and d 
at Clnuli.'Mowii. (i. ll.uiiiab. 1). .March S, lO.Ol, d. St-pt. -1, \<>'J. 7. JoMah, b. July ',.',', 
ICw^, d. at Salum, I'fb. '„i, 17:.i'.i. 

The children of Henry, son of Henry, sou of Henry, by liis wife 
Abigail Goss, were 

1. Klisaboili, m. .Mattliew Allyn, Esq., Windsor. 2. Abiah. 3. Henry. 4. Sarah, 
m. Charles Chaiiccy, d. at Stiattield. 0. Samuel, d. 17(i7. 

The cliildren of John, son of Henry, son of Henry, by his wife, Mary 
Chester, were 

1. John,d. 17,'i(). 2. Charles. 3. (leori^e. 4. Benjamin. 5. Mary, m. John Elliot, Escj. 

The ebilibcn of .Tohn, son of John, son of Henry, son of Henry, by 
his wife, Hannali Newberry, were 

1. 3fary, b. Sept., 1701. 2. Hannah, m. I'riah Loomis of AVindsor. 3. John, m. Mary 
Hawlcy. I. Anne, b. Dec. in, 1711. 0. Abiuaii, b. Sept., 1717. ti. Jeruslia, b. Jan. L^^ 
171'.', ni. Erastus Woicutt, Em]. 

The cliildren of John, son of Jolin, son of John, son of Henry, son 
of Henry, by Mary Hawley, were 

1. Mar}', b. Dec. (', 1730, m. Alilel Grant. 2. Lomna, b. June C>, 1730, m. Jonatlian 
Bement. 3. llojie, b. Dec. 2'.t, 17 12, m, Xalhaniel Drake. 1. Eenjainin, b. Oct. U'o, 1741. 
5. Anne, b. March G, 1747, m. Vansant. 

The children of Pienjaniin, the son of John, son of John, son of John, 
the son of Henry, the son of Henry, by Abigail Pinney, were 

1. ]\Iiriam, b. Aug. 20, 17CG, d. May 20, 1773. 2. Caroline, b. Am;. 20, 17i 9. 3. Eleanor, 
h. Dec. 18, 1770, d. Oct. 18, 177r.. 4. Talcot, b. Oct. 1, 1772. .1. Chester, b. Jan. 23, 177:.. 
fi. Eleanor, b. Nov. 2, 1770. 7. Benjamin, b. Dec. 1'), 177n. S. Clarissa, b. June 10, 17bl. 
'J. James, b. June 23, 17M. 10. John, b. July 23, 17S0, d. May 21, 17S7. 

The children of Charles, the son of John, son of Henry, son of Hen- 
ry, were 

1. Sarah. 2. Elisalieth. 3. George. 4. Mary. m. Jonathan North, d. Eunice, m. 
Benoiii Olcott. 

The children of Saninel, son of Henry, son of Henry, were 

1. Samuel, 1). H.-O, d. at WethersK.dd, Sept., 173 I. 2. Jo=iah, b. Feb., 10>2, d. Oct. 8, 
1712. 3. Hannah, b. March 10, If.SI. m. William Burnham. 4. Sarah, b. Au^'. 14, lOSO. 
5. Lucy, b. Oct. l'., li'iSs. i',. Abii,'ail, b. Sept. 23, KiOU, d. Sept. 0. 1714. 7. Elisabeth, 
b. ?»Iay'31, 10',i2. b. ."'dary, b. May 14, h'.O 1. 

The childien of Sanuicl, son of Sanuiel, son of Henry, son of Henry, 
were 

1. Abigail, b. Juno 3, 1707. 2. Oliver, b. Oct. 2, 170'», d. 1734. 3. Samuel, b. April 
13,1713. 4. ^lehetabel, Aug. 12, 1715. T). Elisha, b. Sei)t. 2''., 171 7. 0. Josiah, b. March 
20, 1720. 

The children of Josiah, son of Henry, son of Henry, were, by Penel- 
ope Cnrwin, his wife, 

1. I'llisabetli, b. .March 30, lOsv^ d. July 12, 17(IJ; 

by Mvs. I\hiry Treat, 

2. Joslali, b. Dec. 21, li'.Oil, d. J,iu. 1, l(-'.il. 3. 'I're.it. b. 'IMarcli 20., l.V,'.'., d. July 7, 1000. 
4. 'I'hcuiias, b. June 23, li'07, d. Sept. li, I0'.i7. .'<. .Mehelabtd, 1'. .\ug. 3. \r<\i^, d. July 0, 



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1817.] The WolcQtt Fmnihi. 2-j3 

17-21. I'l. Josiuh, h. July 11, 1700, (1. July :il, 17(10. 7. .lohn, h. Scj.t. 1 '.>. 17ir,>. ^. Elia- 
aliuth, b. April 1, 170,-., d. June 'J I, 17ir.. '.». Mary, Ij. July 1.;, 17U';, .1. July iJ, \'Avj. 
' 10. Trt'iit, b. Oct. '.1, 171-.'. 

Tlio cliiklreu of .Tohn, son of .Tosiali, sua of Henry, son of Ilonry, were 

1. John, 1). Nov. 2, 17-2!, (i. Nov. 27, 1731. 

The eliiltlrcn of (Jeuri^e, son of Henry, were 

1. CIcoiL,".-. 2. Klib.ibclh. :S. John. 1. 3b icy. 

The chiKIrcn of Sunon, son of Henry, by Martha Pitkin, his wife, 
were 

1. KHsdbeth, b, Au-. 1'.), ir,.',2. m. .Ouni.'l Coolov, d. Jan. rjo, 1707. 2. .Marllui, b. .Abiy 
17, lOr.l. in. 'J'lioni.is AUyn, d. Sept. 7, li^7. 3. Simon, b. June 21, lCt>;, d. Oct. .'<U, 17.i2. 
4. Joanna, b. June 30, lOG^. m. John Cotton, o. Henry, b. May 20, 1070, d. Nov., 1710. 
0. Christopher, b. July 1, 1072, d. April 3, li'.'J'l. 7. Marv. b. 107 1, d. 1070. .S. William, 
b. Nov. r>. ir,70, d. Jan. 0, 17 I'J. 'J. Uogei, b. Sm. 1, 107'.', (ioveiiiur uf Connecticut, d. 
May 17, 1707. 

The cliiklreu of Simon, son of Simon, son of Henry, by Sarali 
Chester, were 

1. Sarah, m. Samuel Treat. 2. ^Tartha, m. William Stoiii^'hton. 3. Simon. -1. Chris- 
topher. 5. Eunice. 0. James, b. 1700, d. in 17 IS. 

The children of Henry, son of Simon, son of Henry, were 

I.Henry. 2. Tliomas. 3. Peter, d. Dec. 1735. 1. Rachel, m. Josepli Hunt. 5. Gid,'on. 

Henry, son of Henry, son of Simon, son of Henry, had 

1. Henry. — Peter, son of Henry, son of Simon, son of Henry, had fJiles. 

The children of Cideon, the son of Henry, son of Simon, son of 
Henry, were, by Abigail Mather, 

1. Abi:,'ail, b. April 1',, 1711, m. Charles Rockwell ; 
by Naomi Olmsted, 

2. Samuel, b. April 1, 17.'jl. 3. Naomi, b. Sept. 2^. 17.71, m. Rev. William Roblson. 4. 
Gideon, b. Nov. 2.S, 17.")0, ,7. Eli/.ur, b. April 12, 17iii). 

The children of Samuel, son of Clideon, son of Henry, son of Simon, 
son of Henry, by Jernsha Vv^olcotl his wife, were 

1. Jerusha, b. Oct. S, 1773. 2. Naomi, b Oct. Ill, 1777. 3. Samviel, b. Dec. 1-', 17S1. 
4. Elihu, b. Feb. 12, 17S1. ,'). Sophia, b. March 20, 17s0. 0. Ursula, b. Nov. 17, 17>-^. 

The children of William, son of Simon, son of Henry, by Abiah 
Ikiwley, his wife, were 

1. Abiah, m. Samuel Stoni^liton, Windsor. 2. Lucia, m. Stephen Olmsted, Harttord. 

3. William, b. July 21, 1711. 1. Martha, ni. Chaj)!!!, Spnn^^field. j. Ephiauii. 

The children of William, son (jf William, 5.011 of Simon, son of 
Henry, by Abigail Abbot, his wife, wen^ 

!. I'jinice, h. De.-. 11,17 17. 2. Kunic,., Ii Much 1, 1 7 'M. :'.. Abigail, b. Dec. 2.7, 17.71. 
4 William, h. Feb. HI, 17,'i3, ni. Ilsiher Steven^ at C.i-lh-lon. ;'>. Aln^.iil, b. Feb. ^, 
17.7.7, m. Oliver Ell-wurlh, V.i^i uf Windsor. 0. MiiliM, b. Aiuil 2 i, 17-7. 7. Abiel, b. 
Aug. Ill, 1701. 

The children of Ephraim, son of \Viiliam, son ot" Simon, son of 
Henry, by Mary Kelloiig, his wife, were 

!. Sanli, b. Feb. 27, i;i;:ii, m. Jo^ia'n IJibSell, Wind-or, •-■. I'.phraim, b. Feb. 27, 17C2. 



254 *'' " '''v' fj'cncdloL'i'es. [July, 

The cliiklrcn of Roger, son of Siincm, son of Henry, by Sarah Drake, 

his wife, were 

1. Ito-cr, h. .Si:pl. !1, 1701, d. Oct. 19, IT-jh. 2. Klisabetti, b. April 10, 1700, m. Kogei 
Newl.errv, AVimi^or. 3, AloxMiiilor, b. Jan. 20, 170S, d. Oct. IS, 1711. -1. Samuel, b. 
Jan. 0, 1709, (I. D.'c. 27, 1717. .'',. Aliwamicr, 1). Jan. 7, 171-2. 0. (.-till-born,) b. Dec. 

10, 1712. 7. Sar.ih, 1). Jan. ;!1, 1715, il. Jan. .'p, 17:!;'). S. lli-psib.ili, b. .(ui>e 23, 1717, rn 
John Stronu', K. Windsor. :i. Jo-iab, b. Fcli i',, 1710. 10. Kra-,lu.-,,* b. Feb &, 1721,.!. 
.May U, 17J.'. 1 1. Kpapbras.^ 1). Feb. s, 1721, d. Ajiril 3, MXi. 12. Kraslus, b. Sept. 21, 
1722. 1.!. Frsula, b. Oct. :j(i, 1721, ni. Maltbcw (Jriswold, Esi]., Lynie. 14. Oliver, b 
Nov. 20, 17„"i, GoviTMor ol Connecticut, d. at Litchlk-ld, Dlc. 1, 17^7. 15. Maryannu, 
b. Jan. 1, 1730, ni. Thomas ^Villiauls, Esq., Brookline. 

Tiic eliihhen of Roger, son of Roi^'cr, son of Simon, son of Henry, 
by IMary Newberry, liis wife, were 

1. Ko-cr, b. Sept. IS, ]72'.i, d. Dec, \r>, 1729. 2. Mary, b. Oct. 15, HliO, d. Aug. 1.', 
17;i7, 3. Ko!,'cr, b, June lt\ 1733, d, Nov, 1, 173''. 1. Sarali, b. June 7, 1735. m. Klisl.a 
Steel, Es(i , of Tolland. 5. Koirer, b, Nov. in, 1737. IV Fpapliras, b. May '•:'. 1740. 7 
Mary, b. April 1, 17 12, m. .Tolin" C-'oodalc. S. Etnelia, b Oct. 2it, 17 1 1. d, Feb, 25, 17-15, 
'.'. r'armenio, b, April 17, 17 li".. 10. Emelia, b. Oct. 27, 175o, m. Marvin Lord of Lynje 

11. Martha, b, April 23, 1753, d. May V, 1753. 

The children of Ptoii^er, son of Ro^er, son of Roger, son of Simon, 
son of Henry, by Dorcas Ritriiliam, liis wife, were 

1. Martha, b, Oct. 29,1777, (() ni. Samuel Treat. Windsor, d, Apiil 27, 17S1, 2. Roger, 
b. May 25, 17^0, 3, Abner, b. M.irch 12, KtVJ, d. May 11, 17r,2. 1, Jeinima, b. May M, 
17t'.'), m. James Steel. 5. Cornelius, 1). July 12, ITT,.-). iV Hannah, b, Aug. 1,1709, d 
Dec. 31, I7iV.i. 7. Abigail, b. Dec. 11, 1770. S, Seth, b. Oct, 11, 1773, 9. Emelia, b, July 
17, 177t',,d. July 29, 1770. 10, Emelia, b, Feb, 2, 1779. 11. Oliver, b. >larch 0, 17S0, d, 
April 21, 17^1, 12, Rhoda, b, April 13. 1785, 

The chikben of Roger, son of Roger, son of Roger, son of Roger, sou 
of Simon, son of Henry, by Mary Steel, his wife, were 

1. Maryann, b. Nov. 11, 17S1, 2. Mehetabel, b. May 19, 17So, d, July 13, 17S7. 3, 
Mehitable, b. March 20, 17Ss, d, April 30, 1788. -1. Oliver, b. May 2-7, 1782. 

The children of Epaphras, son of Roger, son of Roger, son of Simon, 
son of Henry, Ijy Mabel JJnrnham, liis wife, were 

1, Sarah, b. July 10, 1705. 2. James, b. April 19, 1707. 3. Mabel, b. March 17, 1771. 
■1. I^Iary, b. July i'", 1773. 

The children of rarmenio, son of Roger, son of Roger, son of Simon, 
son of Henry, by INIary J5allard, his wife, were 

1. Allied, b. April 11, 17r,',i, 2. Parmenio, b, Dec, 17, 1770. 3, Prudence, b. Aug. 21 , 
1772, d, Aug. 2, 1770. 1. Josiah, b, April '20', 1770, 5. Mary, b. Oct, 27, 1778. li, Fruda. 
b. May 10, 17S'.i. 

The children of James, son oi^ Kpaphras, son of Roger, son of Roger, 
son of Simon, son of Henry, ])y Miriam Mnnscll were 
1. Anson, b, April 9, 1787. 2. Epaphras, b. April 7, 1789. 

The children of Alexander, son of Roger, son of Simon, son of 
Henry, were, by Lydia Atwater, his wife, 

1. Jeiemiali, b. Nov. M. 1733, 2. Alexander, b, 1735, d. 17.50. 3. Lydia, b. 1737, m. 
Samuel Austin of New Haven ; 

by Mary Richards, 

•1. Esther, b. Sept. 10, 17-10, d. Oct. 9. 17 10. 5. Simon, b. Au;.'. 9, 1717. 0. Esther, b. 
July 17, 1719, m. Samuel Treat of E. Windsor. 7. fJeorge, b. May 23, 1751, d. Oct. 17, 
1751. S. George, b. Oct. 17, 17.72. 0. Christopher, b. Oct. 1, 175J. 10. Mary, b. Aug. 

* Twins. 






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7, 17:ir,, m. F.liliu Griswoia 01" WiiuKor. 11. Alovcr\iiil..M. )>. Sejit. 1 :'.. ITT.'i. ];., Ouy, b. 
Aug. 7, 17i'-0. 13. Klis;ibetl», h. .I.in. i:J, 17i:i, ni. F.lizur W'oicDtl of i:. Windsor. 

The cliiklrcii of .ferciiiiali, son of Aliwainler, son of Roirer, son of 
Simon, son of HcMiiy, by Sarali (Jooilsalo, ]iis wife, were 

1. Martha, 1). Aug. IS, 17GJ. 'J. Thomas, b. Aug 17, 17'". I. 3. Sarab, b. ViJiY 7, 1707. 

The cliilJren of Simon, son uf Alexander, son of Roger, son of Simon, 
son of Henry, by Lucy llogcrs, liis wil'e, were 

1. F.mL'lia. 'J. . ;i. . 1. -Mfxamb-r. fi. Lucy. G. .Mary. 7. Lucy. 

S. Martha., 'J. Sophia. 10. Cathariiiv. 11. Klivibuth. 

Tlie cbildren of fleoriri', son of Alrxamler, son of PiOger, son of 
Simon, son of Henry, by T Jlowlanil were 

1. Mary, b. Sept. 27, 1777. 'J. Lu<_-v. h. .Ian. li 1 , 17s'i. :i. H-Mirv Rowland, b. March 
22, 17^:j. -1. William Frol-jric-k, b. .hiue 'J, 17^7. 7. Elizabeth. b.'Xov. 1-1, 17'.i0. 

Tiie children of Christopher, son of Alexaiuler, son of Roger, son of 
Simon, son of Henry, by Liu-y Parpens, bis wife, were 

1. Laura, b. .M ly 7, 1 7S:i. 2. Fli-.ibetb, b. .F.ui. -ti, 17Si. '^. Christopher, b. June 20, 
17So. 1. Lauia, b. l).-t. ;>, 17S'j. 

Tlie children of Alexand^-'r, scui of Alexander, son of Roirer, .--on of 
Simon, son of Henry, by Frances Rnrbanks, his wife, were 
1. Frances, b. Aug. 'J, i7bG. 2. H.-nry.b. Marcb 1''., 17sS. 3. A!,'.\andL"r, b. Feb. 11 

The children of Guy, son of Alexander, son of Roger, son of Simon, 
son of Henry, by Abigail Allyn, hi.> wife, were 

1. Abigail. 2. Abig lil, b. Oct., 17So. ;]. Guy, 1). Oct., 17^9. .1. James, b. Nov., 17l»0. 

The children of l'>a-tiis, son of Roger, son of Simon, son of Henry, 
by Jernsha Wolcott, liis wife, were 

1. Erastus, b. Dec. -Jl, 17 17, d, Aug. I''.. 17.71. 2. Fluvia. b. Mav 27. 1770, d. Auj. 2;'!, 
17;jI. .•;!. Frastus, b. July i'.. 17,V.'. 1. I'luvi.i. b. J.m .7. 17.71, m. 'Ro-\vell (.'rant of E. 
Windsor. T). Jeruslia, b.' Nov. 'J',". 17.77, m. Samuel Wolcoti oi' F. Windsor, r,. Aiodi 
b. Sept. 2'.i, 17:.'J. 7. Albert, b. Dec. l'.<, 17r,|. 

The children of ErasUis, son of Erastus, son of Roger, son of Simon, 
son of Henry, by Chloe Bissell, his wife, were 

1. Erastus, b. Oct. 7, 17.SI. 2. Chloe, b. April in. X'Vk 3. Edward, b. Oct. 12, 17SS. 

The cliildren of Albert, son of Ki-astus, son of Roger, son of Simon, 
son of Henry, l)y Hannah Loomis, his wife, were 

1. Hannah, b. May I'J, 17sr,. •,<. Albert, b. Nov. 'J(l, 17S7. 3. Cynthia, b. Sept. 1.7, 17^0. 

The children of Oliver, son of Roger, son of Simon, son of Ilcnry, 
by Lorana Collins, his wife, were 

1. Oliver, b. Aug. .31, 1757, d. Sept. ft. 17S7. 2. Olivf^r, b. Jan. 11, 17C0, m. Elisabeth 
Stonghton, was (Governor of Connecticut, died in New York Citv, June 1, 1S33, and was 
inti-rred in Litclifiebl, Ct., liis native jjlace. .:. Lniaua. (or Lau'ra.) b. Dec. 17. 17i;i. ni. 
William Moseley, Es(i. of Jl.irtlbrd. 1. Mary Ann. b Feb 17. 17Gr.. m. Chancey Good- ' 
rich, Fs-i.. of Hartford. .7. Frederick, b. Nov. 2, 17';7, m 1. lielsey lluutingiun'of Nor- 
wich, b. Nov. S, 1771, d. April '.', 1M2; 2. Mrs. Sally W. Cook. b. Aug. 7, 17S.7, d. 
Sept. 11, 1S12. By his lirst wife, he had six children ; namely, 1. Mary Ann' Goodrich, b. 
Aug. 'J, 1 SOI. 'J. HuuKili Huntington, 1). J.ui. 11. IsiKi.. :; Joshua Huntington, b. Au". 
2'i, ISUl. -1. Elisabetli, b. Marcb 0. l^ifi. .7. Fn-.l.Tick Heurv, \k .\u-. I'J, isiiS. 
G. Laura Maria, b. Aug 1 1, 1^1 1. V>\ his second wife, !,.• h.id f ui'r chiKlaMi ; namelv, 
7. Charles Moseley, b Nov. JO, ISI r,. s. ("h.uincev (.'oodrich, b .M.uch I7,ls|,.. li. 
Henrv Griswold, b. Nov. 'J 1, tsji). In, Al.irv Fr.ince-, b July',' is-,-|_}i^. j Miy-js 
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A\ oleoll ol' Liti'liiirld, Cl , ;,n,l \\,:> iraii-inilled to n- l..r |.iil.|i,Mhou, f,- i i.-oi-.' ( '. Wootirull', 
i;>.| A'.' puPiiose lo iHil.li^li al -..ino imnie tune, a l.ri. f .M(iiio;i- . "f lii.' W 
aceonipauied wuli an eULTax ui:; of one ol the Cio'.eiiioi W,.;,-..u^ i 



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T II i; M I NOT F A>r IL Y 

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, IV Ll.'i 1 i:i- hii Ai 1 icic, L 51.;. 

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(C'.iiii'linJcil irniii ptij;.- 17-.) 

., _ , , 4 ,. FIFTH GKXERATION. 

(2:>) V. Cooi-L^c Minot [57—3] d. in Dorclicster, Nov. 10, 17-M, a. 
•II. He 111. Al)iii;iiil Fciuio, ])cc. 21, 172'J. Afler his ilciUh she m. 
William Tucker of lAlihoii. They had 

133—1 Jolm, bapt. D.-c. ('., 1730, m. Martha Wil,l of Milton, (.'.l) 

Fil — ■-' Jriu-li,\, Jail. 1!, 1T3j, in. Col. Lemuel Ivobin>on of Dorchester. 

13.")—:! Abii,'ail. 

13i'. — I Saimiel, : r- IT 12. 

(•21) V. Dea ncori^o Farinr in. Mary Barrett [Gl — 1] and lived in 
Liueolii. lie d. of the sniall-pox, IMay 2S, 1777, a. 73. She d. Sept. 
L'.'), 177S', ill her 7od year. The eliildreii were 

1J7— 1 Geoi^'c, b. Xcu'. -Si, 17;!(), gr. II. C, 1751, d. Sept. 17, HJu. See notice ol 

him ill llislorv of Concord, p. J 17. 
13S— 2 Mary, b. July <'s 17:i-,', m. Xathan Brown of Luicoln. 

13'J— 3 Sarah, b. An';,'. 11, 1733, d. July L'S, 17JG. 

Ml) — 1 Sarah, b. Oct. 1. 173.-.. 

1 II— ;') Kli.-iabclh, 1). Ffb. J, l7.-i'./, rn. Stephen Ho^^mer, Jr., Mav 3, 1713. 
112 — li lliim|)hrey, 1). I'"eli. -J^, 17 In, m. I.ucv Farrar, Ajiril Vii, 1770. |1'J.'3 — G] 
1 1.3—7 .Fosrph, b. J.iii. Jii, 171 1, i,'r. H. C , 17(17. See lUstoiy of Cuneoid, p. 314. 

Ml — 8 Love, b. June 13, 17 I'J, d. youiii,'. 

(•J-J) V. Oliver Earrett jlW — IJ lived in Dolloii, wliere he d. April 1, 
]7^^^, a. 71'. lie m. llannah Hunt of Concord, Dec. :f, 1738, Avho d. 
April 7, 1771, a. o7. They had 

M5— 1 rvebecea, b. Jan. 1, 173'.), m. David Nurse, June 3, 11&2. a farmer who settled 
ill Bolton, h.id 'J ehildien, d. March '2i'\ 18.'3. 

Mo— -2 H innali, b. Feb. I'J, 17 12, m. William Sawyer, Jan. IS, 17G1, u farmer of Ber- 
lin, had a lamily, li. Feb., 1S3U. 

117—3 Bath.shi-ba. April -2, 17 11. m. Aholiab Sawyer, June 5, 17i"C, a farmer of 
Templeton, and had a family. 

MS — J Oliver, b. July -2:', 17 111, m. Sarah "Whitconib. Settled on his father's farm. 
Had ') children. He d. May 11, 1S|7, a. 70. She d. Feb. .'>, 1*^31. a. 80. 

M'J— J Ruili, b. Dec. Jl, 17-l'.i. m Jonathan .Xur-e, Oct. -Jii. 1772, a farmer of JJolton, 
had 10 children, d. Dec. li'., 1^11. 

l.:o— G Abi:;,ul, 1). .Jiu;;. S. 17.7.'. in C.ilvin Sauyer. a farmer of Bolton. She had S 
sons and 2 dau^hteis, il. Nov. 'Jl, 183L', a. 87. 

(20) V. Capt. lliiinphrey BaiTctt [Go — r>] lived in Concord, where 
he d. March 21, 17^3, in his Grrlh year. lie ui. his cousin, Elisaheth 
Adams, 1^^0—2] Dec. 'J, 17 12. Slie d. Juno 3, 17'.)1, in her 7i)lh year. 
The children were 

151—1 Elisabeth, h April 10, 17 1.7, m. Dea. Goo. Minot. (111—5.) 

152— 2 Rebecca, b. Feb. 1 3, 17 W',, m, Rciiben Haul, Jan. 18, I 770. 

1.73—3 Maiy. b. Nov. is, 17 is, m. Jonas L.e. 

151 — 1 Siiia'li. b. Sei)t. ^, I 75u, d, Ani;. 11, 1 751. 

15.3— 5 Humphrey, b. .May '2:i, 175-2, m. R. becc.i lleywood, July G, 17^0. He d. 

without is.sue. .March is, 1SJ7, a. 7 1. 
l.-.G- n Sarali, h. Feb, 1 r,, 175 I, m, St.'phen Rarrett, June 22, 177.5. [1S7— 7] 

iru—1 Martha, b Miy 21, 175,;, m. Hci. .lo-hua Brooks, Feb, 27, 17S(i. 
l.^'S— S Ruth, h. Dec, 25, Kdii, m, Jonas H.iywood, Ks.]., Feb. 3, 178o. 

152— 'J Abel, b. Oct. 'J^, 1 7ii 1, m. Lucy Miiiot, Dec. 1, 17t'G. (21—3) He 

was a merchant; il. in I'mjluid. She d. Sejit. 2-'), 1728, a. 2S, Icaviiijj cue 

son, 1 . Sept. 18, 1727, who d. J.ui. '.', l^is^ a. •,,). 



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1&17.] The Mi>,ot Family. 257 

(•27) V. Col. Charles Prcscott m. Elis;il)(?lli Barrett, [OG— C] ami 
lis'cJ ill CoiK'ord. He rc[)resL'i)teJ tlic touii iiiue years, was .TiiNtii-e of 
llie Peace and iiitrListed with many important ofliei-s. lie d. Feb. -J, 
1779, a. (3S. Slie d. April 23, 17'.)'.), aged btj. They had 7 ehildren ; 

I'^'O— 1 F.lisaliell), 1). An?. .'U. 17'i7, ni. 1. .Tc--c Hosmer 2. A:iron Jonos. 

nU— J Lary, b. ])ro. '..'l, 17:(s, ,1. mm-Io, Dec. -JJ, l^l'.), ;i. M. 

1 •■,.'—;! M.iiy, 1). Au^'. 1), 171J, tl. siiiu'lc, May -1. 1 "'.'7, ;i. .').'). 

li":;— 1 Cha'iles, h. S.'pt. CI, 17 11. d. sin-lc, M:iv l'». I'^in, a. 03. 

l-'.l— 5 Uebecca, li. S.'pt. lU, 171i'., in. Jo>.>pb lliivwanl. 

li',.-,_r, John, b. 0,t. IS, 17 1«<. il ?:.'pt. li, 17r/l. 

liJO — 7 Anne, b. June 7, 17i'U, m. Anrios Baker of Lincoln. 

("28) V. John Uarrett [G7 — 7] lived in the north part of Concord as 
a farmer. He in. Lois Brooks, JN'ov. lo, 1711, and had 

lt'7 — 1 Josepli, b. Jan. T), 171.1, livoil in Mason, X. \l. 

lub — '2 John, b. Aui.'. ■-', 17 1'5, lived on Ins I'llhrr's I'ariu. He in. n.xperience Ball, 
Nov. 2',t, H'^U. ami was latber to Ilcv. ,'osliua Barrett, wbo i.'raduateJ at 
Dart. Coll. inlSU), and to Uev. John luirrett, wbo ?radiiated at Williams 
Coll. in 1^10. 

liV.i— rj Lvdia, b. ni. 1. Sil.is M.inii. Q. Pea. Geor-e .Minol. [Ill— .7] 

17U — I Rebecca, b. in. .'^aiiuiel White. 

Another daui^htcr ni. a Cliauiberlain, another ni. a Boynlon, and 
anotlier d. single. 

(:2'.)) V. Benjamin liarrclt fCil — 1] lived in Concord, where lie d. 
Oct. 23, 1738, having had three children, names given below. He ni. 
Bebecea Jones, who, after INIr. Barrett's death, m. Jonas Prescott of 
Wcstford, Dec. 25, 17 lU. 

171 — 1 Rebecca, b Feb. 19, 17r!l, ni. Nathaniel Boynton of 'Westford. 
17J — '2 Benjamin, !'. Jan. ',", 17.';.'i, m. Sarah Miriam of Lexington. 
17:J— 3Jonas, b. Sept. 24, 1737, in. ■.,.■•• • ■ 

The last two settled in Ashby. 

(3(1) V. Dca Thomas liarrctt [70—2] d. in Concord, .lime 20, 1770, 
a. 72, on tlie jilace where his lather lived. He and his Inolher Col. 
James, did a large business and left a large estate. He m. Mary Jones. 
They had 7 children, as follows ; 

17 1—1 Thoma«;, b. Nov. 17, 1731, m. Dorcas Minot, [llO — 1] Jan. I .'i, 17ol. 

175—2 lUitli, b. Oct. r.i, 17;!1, m. ("apt. Cbailes Miles. 

17ij — o Charles, b. Ian. 13, 17 ID, in Uebecca .Minot, [112 — ri[ and lived in New Ips- 
wich, N. U.; had 2 sons and 2 d.inghteis. 

177 — 1 Saiiniel, b. m. Sarah and lived at tlie mill east of tlie old 

place. He had one son, S.uiuiel, b. ])ec. 21, 1773, d. .Vug. 1, 1^25; and 2 
daughters. 

17S_.'j b. in. David Hubbard of Hanover. N. H. 

17'.'— Amos, li. Apiirj.'l, 17.72. Ill, and liveil where his father did. 

and had J <.iiis and 1 dau^^hters. 

iSil— 7 Mary, b. Nov. 21, 17;7d. ,. , . 

(:>!) V. Col. James Barrett |71 — 3] was the distinguished com- 
mamler of the Provincial troops in tlie baltlf of Concurd, when the first 
forcible rrsi.stance was made lo the Ibitish, at the romnu'iicement ol 
lio>-tililies in the American Bcvohitinn, on tin- I'.Uh April, \ll-'y. He 
died April II, 17/9, a. to. The followiiiLi- epitaph is on his. gravestone 
in Concord. 

Here re^Is 

in hope the bo.ly of 

C.d. .I,imr> H.iiirU 

who dip.iiled this hie 

April lull, 17',2, in the I'Vlh ) e.u of iiis a;;e. 



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'^■^^ f''c)ic{t/(jg-irs. [July» 

Sinl/h )\ till Siiiiuiions riiiiic find i/iii({- the fJi'^ht ■ 
H'c Irusl to I'C Villi ChrisC tii nlins of ti^hl. 
In public iiiiJ private life lie was couitpoiis, benevolent, 
■' ■ : V. "' ; ami cliaiit;ible. His lidelily, iipriijhtness and 

ability in varJDUS oilices anrl employments, justly 
prorured him estL-etii. Tor many years he represented this 
' ■■' Town ill (.'eiHTal Court. He caily ste|)pid forwaid in 

the conle-t with Britain and distinguished himself in the 
cause of America. His warm attachment to and careful 
practice of the reli^'iun of Christ eompleated liis worth as 
■ a Christian and with his other virtues preserve his mennory 
•' ■ and keep it with that of the just which is blest. 

^ lie 111. Rclun-ra IIuMnnl, Dec. 21, 1732. llor motlior was Rebecca 
r.tilkeley, a daughter of Capt. .Iose|)li, c^raiKldauahter of IIoii. Pcler, and 
great-gi-anddaii^litcr of llcv. Peter l^tilkelev the first iiiinistcr of Con- 
cord. She t!. Oct. 1^, l^OG, a. 90. They had tlic fulloaing children; 
namely, 

ISI— iJamns, b. ,Tan. 4, 173 1, m. Melicent Estabrook, July 4, ITjS. 

1^2— -J Nathan, b. Doc. 30, 17:J5, in. .Mniam Hunt, Miy iJ, ITCl. 

1S3— 3 Lydia, b. Jan. iJ, I 738, m. Josiah .Melvin. 

ISl— 1 Rebecca, b. Nov. 1'^ 17-11, m. Dea. (Jeur-e Minot. (111—5) 

IS.J— 5 Kphraim^b. March 3, 17 11, d. sin^'le, ."March 3, 1701, a. 'Jii. 

ISO— Cl'erses, b. Sept. 2.7, 17 17, rn. Jonas I'atten. She d. Sept. C, 17S1, a. 31, 

leaving' one son and 4 daui^'hters. 
1S7— 7 Stephen-, b. Jan. 1.'0, 17,7!), m. Sarah Barrett. [150—0] 
ISS—S Peter, b. April I Oj, 17.7 1, m. Mary IVescott. July S, 1779. |Oi;t— ,S] 
Ib'J— 9 Lucy._ ^ b. July 20, I7iil. m. Noah llipley, ' April S, 1783. He was broth- 
er ot Rev. Dr. Rijiley of Concord. r?!ie d. Dec. 1'.', 17S7, a. -.'0, leavin" 2 
sons and one dauj,'liter. ' ' ' ° ~ 

(32) y. Dea. Samuel Farrar of Lincoln m. Lydia Barrett, [72 — 1] 
Jan. 12, 1732. He d. April 17, 17S3, a. 7-J. She d. Children, 

190—1 Lydia, b. Sept. 2, 1730. m. Wlliam I?ond, March G 17.75 

191— 3 Samuel b. Feb. 14, 17.37, m. Marv Hoar, Feb. 10 177-> 

192—3 Stephen, b. Sept. S, 1738, m. F.un'ice Brown. 

193—1 James, b. July 21, 1741, d. in 17i;7, sini;le, in New Ipswich. 

194—5 Rebecca, b. Au;,'. 13, 1743, m. Dr. John Preston, Nov. 29, 1704. 

195—0 Lucy, b. April 27, 17 1-5, m. Humphrey Farrar, April 20^ 1770. [142—01 

I'ji-,- 7 Tiniothv, b. June 2S, 17 17, m. Nancy Bancroft. 

197— S Mary, b. July 5, 1751, d. Sept. 2, 1750. 

(33) V. Dr. Timothy .^liiiot [77—1] irr. II C, 1717. He was a 
physician in Coneoni, where he d. .Inly 2-7, IbiJl, a. 7^. He m. Mary 
Martin, danii-hler of Ilev. John Martin "of Xorthborou"-h She d Dec 
23, 1601. Children, 

198—1 Tinv^tby Martin, b. Am:. 10, 1757, m. Hannah Austin, .Tan. 27, 1804 Lived 
in Boston, lb- d. Nov. IS, 1837. She d. March 17, 18J0, a-ed 59 

199—2 Mary, b. May 'JO, 1759, m. Ammi \Vhite, Au^. \-2 17&S "^ 

200—3 Abi-ail, b. Au-. 20, 170>1, d. Au-, 18.30, unmarried. ' 

201 — 1 Stephen, b. Jan. 30, 1 7i".3, d. single, in Concord, April, 1 s21. 

202— 5 Sti'^amiah,!.. An- t, 17i;5, m. Col. Jolm Parker of Billerica. ' 

203— 0, Jam. -s, b. Jan. 2s, 17i',7, il. sin-K; in Ohio 

204—7 Sarah, b. Sept. 2, 17r,'.i, m. 'i'llly .M.-rrick, F-m|. 

205— S John, b. Sept. -jO, 1771, ni. Thomasine F.lisabeth Bond 

200—9 Beulah, b. June 2S, 1773, m. May 17, IS07, Professor Kbenezer Adams of 
Dartmouth College. 

(31) V. Tilly Merrick ni. .Alarv :\Iinot, [7S— 2] and settled in Con- 
cord. They had 

207 — 1 Tilly, b. .Tan. 29, 1757, m. Sar.ih Minot, his cousin 

2UN— 2 John, b. Feb. 7, 170.1, d. sm-le, Au-. 15, 1797, a. 30. 



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1817.] The JJinuf Fainilij. 259 

200— .T Stfiilion, !). Aii^j;. S, 17i'i7. 

■,'10 — 1 AugiisUis, 1). July T), n.'j'J. . 

(;^■'J) V. :M;ij. .Tuhii Miiiul ["0 — 1] i)i. Parali Slow of M:jrH)Oroiic,Mi, 
Jan. "Ji'i, 17 11, livecl in Cuin'ord, wlioe ho d. July \)\, 1^02, a.>:0. :ilic 
d. Fl-I). 1 1, n'Jt), !i. 7^. They had 

211—1 John, 1). m. Hannah Hiihbanl. 

(of)) V. Benjamin rroscult, E^q , of Salom, who gr. II. C, \lv>(\, m. 
Rebecca Minot", [>1— :.'] Nov. -JO, 1711. He d. Ang. 16, 177=, a. Gl. 
She d. Oct. b, 17(J1, :\. 11. They had the fulluwing children ; 

21'?— 1 Ri'boeca, h. May L'O, HU, iii. Hon. Ro-cr Sherman, May 12, ITi/!. 

213 — 2 Manha, h. Nov. 2'!, 17 11, iii. Su-phiMi (joodhuo, E-sq., ol' Nl'W Haven. 

211— :i ISenianiiii, h. Maicli 1 1, 17-17, .1. May 1."), 17.01. 

215—4 JaniOb, b. March M. 17 1.i, ni. IteNocca Barrett, Oct. 2^ 17S3, tlanghler of 

James Barrett, Jr. [1^1— 1 J 
210-5 Elibabelh, b. Dec. ], I7.7j, m. Henry Daii-ett, Es(i., Nov. 20, 1771. 
Qi7_G Mercy, b. Feb. 5, 17,-..-., m. Henry t.'ibb.s, Oct. 29, 17S1. 

21S— 7 Beniamin. b. Oct. 22, 1757. in. ll.iiuiah Blakely of New Haven. 
210— S .Mary, ' b. .May '.', 170ii, ni. I'eter Barrett, July S, 177'J. [K^^— ^J 

(:]7) V. Capt. James :\Iinot [S2— 3] m. for his 1st wife Rebecca 
Stow of IMertiniac, and for his 2nd wife, a daiigliter of Col. Rlanchard 
of Tyngsborongh. lie d. Aug. 2, 1773, a 17. ''Slie d. Feb. 'J, 1707, a. 
37. They liad ilie following children, of whom I liave not been able 
to obtain many jiartictdars. 

220—1 Rebecca, m. Isaac Newton; 221— 2 Rachel, m. Anger and d.%villioiil issue ; 

222— ;i Joseph, d. about 1770, a. 2U ; 2-.':i — 1 James, d. about 177i;, a. 1^ ; 221— 5 Sarah, m. 

I'pton; ■J25— G Hannah, in. Harly ; •,','■— 7 l^lisabeth, lu. ISnjitb , ,-J7— ^ .Marllia, 

ni. Sijuiers. 

(3S) \. Rev. Jdsiah Sherman, niiiiisler of Woburn, ni. ^Marilia I\Ii- 
not, [^3 — 1] Jan. 21, 17o7. A biographical notice of Mr. ."^lieirnan is 
in the. American Qiuirterly Register, ^'ol. XI, p. 1,^>. They had the 
following children, born in W'obtini, and perhaps ulhers. 

22S— 1 Roger Minot Slierman, b. Dec. 0, 1757, settled in Fairfield, Ct. 

229— 2 JMartha, b. Dec. S, 175S. 

230-3 Elisabeth, b. Maich 2C., 17r,l. 

231—4 Mary, b. Feb. 3, 17r.3. 

232 — 5 Susanna, b. April 7, 1705. ' ' 

(.39) V. Lt. Epliraim ]\Iinot, [~^1 — 5] d. in Concord, Sept. 30, 1701, a. 
53. lie was un oliicer, and was wounded in the I)attle of Princelon. lie 
in. Abigail rrescolt, wiio d. Feb. 27, 1S2-'), a. 78. Tlieir cliibhen were 

233—1 Abel, b. July Iti, 1705, in. I.ydia Shed. H..' d, in Eincoln, An-. 0., l^iJ'.', bav- 
ins; had (J fhiliiren. 
231—2 Abigail, b. Jan. 30, 177S, in. William Bowers, M.iy 12, 1797. 
235— 3 Mar"y. b. Jan. 10, 17M. ' ' 

2:ii'i — I c;eor::e, b. .Ian. .31, 17S3. ., .- 

237— 5 Louisa, b. Feb. 10, 1767. • ,,,-■■,'■., ■ 

(HI) \. Capt. r>aniel Adams {-^'t — 1] removed front Rincohi. tlic 
place of his birth, to Townsend, where he d. Oct. Ki, 17'.'5, m his 7-Vdi 
year. He represented tlie town in (iciiera! Court, and lul-i many 
im[iortant civil and tnihtary oihces. Ho was tluice married. 1. To Ke- 
.'iia Brooks, daughter o( Jknijamin Brooks of Townsend, prcniously of 
Concord, March 1, 1711. She d. in ciiildbirlh, Aug. 21, 17-71, Inviug had 
G children, oof wlioia .survived her. 2. To ^lehilable Crosl>y of Town- 



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260 Cfiicdlo'^-ics. [July, 

send, by whom lie had 10 cliildreii. Shed. April 1, l?-^:), a 19. 3. 
Wi'low Saiali Phelps of Laiicasicr, Jan. 30, 17:: 1. Ili-s children were 
as followri ; .•>■:.. 

i-Os — 1 it. in infancy. 

O'a'J— J Daniel, b. .Tuly 20, 17 |.'., ni. Lncv Taylor. Mny 21, 1770. Ho d. .Tune 10, 1827, 

a. si). Mic il. .Scjii. U, \s:y,. 'H,. was CaOior to Dr. Daiiit-l A'l itri, of Mont 

Vernon, author nf .st'veial valnahle school hooks. 
210—:; Ahn.-r, h. Oct. 22, 17 1^, ni. I. M.iry SiuMl'!!. 2. Sarali Sawt./il, 
211 — 1 llrh.M-ca. h. July i;, 17.")il. ui. Jaine-s Camphrll, Due. 21, 17i'.J. He livt-J in 

lirookliMc. N. H. She ih al an aiivaneeii a^'e, leavini; seveial chihlreu. 
212—5 Deiijanun, h. Oct. 15, 17.J2, ni. .Mary Stone of Ashly, July Ii"., 177>>. He d. in 

Cavendish, Vt. ; had 7 children, l soils and '^ daui,'iiters. 
213—0 Kphiaiiii. b. An;,'. 11, 17.01, rn. Lydia Knowlton, lived in JatTrey, X. H. Had 

one cliild, who died witliuut issue. 
211 — 7 Ki-sia, h. m. John Sherwin. She d. May 2-3, 17b2, a. 23, a few 

days alter her marria^'e. 
21.J— S Elisabeth, b. d. unmarried. Jan. 9, 17S2, a. 10, 

210 — 'J M'':ietaliel, 1) in, John Smith; lived in Brookline and liad -l sons 

and 2 dau^'hters. 
217-10 Mary, b, m, Doa. Jolin Gik's, May i'., 17^0. Ho liad been pre- 

viously m.; and his first wile d. Oct, 17, 17^s, a. 21, by whom he had 5 chil- 

dicn. By liis 2nd wife hi; had also fj children. He d. Aug, 14, 1S25, a. 02. 
21S-11 James, il. youni;. 
21'J-12 Pbelip, b. Dec, IS, 1770, m. Soiotiion Jewett, lived in Townsend and Vxad 4 

chiUlren: Solomon, I'hebe, Ki'si.i, atid Uo/e!la. 
250-13 James, b, April 10, 177;!, in. Sybel (Jisset, lived in Townsend, and had 3 

ilau'_'hters. 
2r)l-M Joseph, b. m. Polly Brooks. 

Two other cliildren d, in inlancy. 

(11) V. Capt. Jose])h Adams [S7— :Jl d. in Lincoln, March 23, 
]^(i7, a. e:i. He in. 1, Mary I^vclelh of Stow, 1710, She d. July 10, 
1791, a 00, havi^,^r had 11 fhildroa. lie m. 2. .Mrs, Piisciila Heed 
Martin, July 23, 179o. Children, 

252—1 Mary, b, April 20, 1717, d, Jan. 1, 17 IS a. 1 y., 1 m,, d. 

253 — 2 Joseph, b. Jan. -1, 17 10, m. Love Lawrence, Sept, 4, 1770. He was a phy- 
sician; d. in Eni,dand, Feb. 2, 1S07, a. 5S. He had 12 children [:;o:!— 2] 

251 — 3 Charles,!). Nov. .S, 1750, was a pliysician, and loyalist, d. at Annapolis in 
Nova Scfitia. 

25.J — I Nathan, b. Nov. 11, 175.', d. Au^'. 11, H-O'"., a. 3 y., m. 

•J.'ji'.— 5 Mary, b, Oct, 11, 1751, d, Auij, 17, 175il, a. 1 y.. 10 in., d. 

257 — ii Sarah, b. Sept. 13, 175ri, m. Robert Kames, Sudburv, Au^'. 1 1, 17S3. 

25s— 7 Miry, b, July 11, i:5s. ,,1, l^lislia \Vhe,.dcr. Sudbury. -May 1, 177'J. 

250 — b Nathan, b, March 1, 17r.0. m. Hannali .McCarty, d. m Charlestown without 
issue. Sept, 25, 1S;;0. a. 70. 

200 — Martha, b. July 15, 1703, m. Dea. David Lawrence of Littleton, Dec. 23, 
1700. 

20,1-10 Daniel, b, April 1 1, 170';, m. Sarah (ioldthwait of Boston. 

202-11 Love, b. March 21, 1710, m. Henry Willard of Keene. 

(12) V. Capt. Nalhaii ISrown m. Rebcet-a Adams, f^^S — 1] ]MarcU 
10, 1710. lie d. in Lincoln, Oct. 13, 17»1. She afterwards in, Solomon 
Foster, Nov. 15, 1700, She d, Dec. 21, IS 11, a. 61. Children, 

2r':i — I Mary, b. m. Benjamin .\llen. 

201—2 U,.b.'cca, 1), April '^, 1751, d, uinnarrird, April 27, 1773. 
2(i5— :'. Elisabeth, b, Oct. 1, 1752, m. Dr. Kich.ird Kussell, .l.in. JS, 1777, 
2t"i— 1 Nalliau, h, .\pril M',, 1755, m, Lucy (Jarfudd, 177.5. lie was killed in Con- 
cord, by a load of wood passim; over bim, Dec. 12, IM 1, a Oo. 
2i'.7— 5 Daniel, b, Sept. 13, 1757, d. in the West Indies. 

2iis — li ICunice, b. Feb, 13, 1701, m. ^Villiam Lawrence of Lincoln, Nov,, 1 7S0. 
2<',0— 7 Lydia, b. Nov. 12, 17i'i3, m. Daniel Weston of Lincoln, 1703. 

270 — 'S Kc/ia, b. Feb. 2S, 1700, m. Solomon Foster of Lincoln. 

(13) V. James Adams [^0 — .5] m. 1. Ke/.ia Conant, Jan. 1-j, 17oG, 
by whom he had 3 chiKhen. Siic d. Aiiij. 22, 17('j, in her 37th year. 



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ITo in. 2. Delia Adams, daughter of Edward Adams of f-'ndlnu-y, .Tunc 
5, 17(Ui, liy whom he had V.t childrc-ii. She d. in IjosKui, Dec. 'J, LSKj, 
a. 7(1, and was hiiried in Lincoln, lie d. in l^ini'cihi, ,"\l;irrh 10, Ir-oo, a. 
71. J ii.s children were 

'J71 — 1 lii'tsey, I). ,1,111. 2-', HfiT, in. Ik'iijnmiii A'lnms of SiidlMiry, Nov. -^.'i. 1777. 

■-'7J — 'J ,l;iiiii/s, b. J;in. M, 17')'.!, rii. >4aiicy 'rarhi'll ot' Linculii, IVov. 17, 17'jij. 

273—:) Kf/ia, 1). Nov. i\ llw^, d. March 'JA), 17i-,'.i. a. G y., 1 iii.. 21 J. 

'-'71 — 1 IV'iia, 1). May L'O, 1707, in. llliciic/f.'r AVoodw ard of Ilaiinvcr, X. II , Feb. 

•ji-., 17V.'"). 

■J7.J— n Andrew, h. Oft. '.», 17iS, in. Polly Hartwell of Linruln, Svpt. 10, 17'.'.'). 

•j7, ■,_,■, Eli, I.. March 1 1. 17711, m. Sarah Swift of Boston. 

277 — 7 S.uniud, b. Jiinc 7, 1771. in .Marearot Auslin ol'Cliarlcslown, Sept. 1 .j, 17'j7. 

27S — ,S Kc/.ia, 1). i'fb. 1'.', 177.;, in. l'.|ihiaiiii Jones of Boblon. Dec. 0, l,'^-.;7. 

27','— :» Joseph, b. Nov. 7, 1 77 f d. July 7, 177.7, a. S m. 

2M)-1U Uebecca, b. April 1, 177r., d. Sept. 2:;, 17^o. a. -1 y., ;! rn., I'.i J. 

2S1-11 Joseph, 1). June 1 7, 177^. d. Sfjit. 1 i, 17--n. a. 2 y.. 2 m.. V<'. (I. 

2'-2-12 John, b. Nov. 1 o, 17^0, d. in Havana. Oct. l.^.'l^ijv. a. 2''. 

2'^:j-i;! Mary. b. July 2, 17^2. ni. Silas 1'. 'J'arbell of Boston, March 10, ISOS. 

2^1-1 1 Joseph, b. May •", 17M. ni. 1. Bet.<ev Arciiibahl of Maine. 

2S.J-15 Daniel, b. Feb. 2n, 1 7s;i, d. Nov. •J(i,'l7^'.i. 

(11) V. Abel :\Ii!es 111. Lydia Adams, | ',)0—C] Feb. 'Jf., 17 -Ji'. lie 
removed iVom L'oneord lo New l])>wich, ?s. II., where he d. .Uce. 1), 
181-1, a. si. ,^lie d. lAIarch :iO, IsOl, a. Gs. lie had ihe fullownig idiil- 
dren, all horn in Concord ; 

2sr,— 1 Lydia, bapt. Feb. 20, 17.77, m. David RuiTirell, Feb. 20, I'-OO. 

2^7— 2 Fiisabeth, b. Dec. -1, 17.7s, m. John Shattiick, Dec. 1 1, 1 7s:i. 

2SS— :i Polly, b. July S, ni'O, d. unmarried in N. Ipswich, .\ov. 11, 1 Sol. 

2S'i — I l^'bccca, b. Jan. ;!, 17rr2, m. Levi Mansfield, Jan. 21. 17S1 . 

2'JO— 5 Abel, b. Oct. 17, 170S, m. Betsey Shipley^ Nov. lu, 17','1. 

(].3) V. .Tolm Adams [91 — 1] lived in Lincoln, lie m. 1. Lucy 
Iliibhard, Dec. IJ, 171'J. who d. Dec. 21, 17'.»l,and 2. Ikiilah L.ikcr, 
Feb. 20, 1701. lie had the Ibllowino- children, 

o.,i_i John, b. April 1,7. 17.71 ; 2':'.'— 2 Fdward. b. March 27, 17-73; 2;<:J— r] Abel, b. 
March S, 17,77, d. July ,i, !7ui; ; -J'.'!— I Abel, b. Feb. -Jii, 17,77: 2',):3— 5 Thomas, b. March 
22, 1701 ; 2'.iii — Bullceicy, b. March 1 1, 17-7'.i. ni. Persis Stone of FrnniiriL'liam, 17S.;7; 
2'J7~7 Lucy, b. June 2, 17i;:) ; 2'.'S— S l-:phiaiiii, b. Feb. 21, 17i'.,7, d. Dec. -'1,1705; 
2'.''i— '.I ludiecca, b. i-'cb. 'Jn, 17i'i7; Mm — 10 ]-".phvaim, b. Aug. 1 1>, 170'.', m. Susanna. 
Fla^jg, 17S'J i 301— 1 1 James, b. June s, 1772. 

(ir.) Fvov. William Lawrence, minister of Lincoln, m. Love Adams, 
[01— :.'.] lie d. Ai'ril 11, 17s0, a. oC. She d. Jan. 3, ls2n, a. 0-3. (See 
Ili^t. Concord, p. ;J01.) They hatl children, 

,'!02 — 1 William, b. April 1 n, 1 7.72, m. Eunice Brown, Nov., 17Si). 

oO'i- 2 Love, 1). April 1^, 1771, m. Dr. Joseph Adams, Sept. 4, 177t). [20^—2] 

30 1— ;! John Prescott, b. Dec. 2 1, 17,7.7, m Abby Kaine, J. Jan. 2S, IsuS. 

:iii-7 — t Su.^.inna, b. .bin. 1, 170^, d. .Mari'h I'J, IS'lo, unmarried. 

.'ioo — 5 Sarah, l>. -May 12, 170iO, in. Samuel liuss, Ksip, of llaiulolph. Oct. 

2'.t, 17S3. SIhj d. Oct. 12. 1SJ2. He gr. II. C. 17S2, d. Feb. 1, 1^1.'. 

:][)-, — ,1 Phebe, b. Jan. 2, 170rj. ni, IJev. F.diuuud Foster of Littleton, Oct. jl', 17S3. 

JOS— 7 Anna, b. March 1.7. 170l', ni. James De Wolf, d. Dec. S, 1S1)7. 
.Marv, b. Nov. 1 , 1 707, m. A>a Brook^ d. Sept., 1'^I2. 

300— S Abel, b. Aug. 2.-!, 1771, 111. .Maiy Ilo.l^p, d. Sept. 1, 1 ^00. 

(17) Capt. .Ion:\s ?^linot [10s— 2] in. 1. M,uy Hall, dauijhtcr of Rev. 
"Wilhird Hall of W'e.-^Hbrd. She was b. .Tidy '.'lO, 17:i-^, and d. Nov. ;>, 
1702, in horlOih year, lie m. 2. .Mr.<. Mary Dunbar, widow of Rev. 
Asa hnidtarol' S;d' ni. She'd in IVislon, Aws. 2, l--:ii>, a. ,-2. He d. 
m (Concord, March 2ii, ISl:), a. 7-. A ^r./al pari of ^\hllil(lt. X. H, was 
grantCil to liim. 

311)— i M.iry, b. Feb. 21, 170.1, m. Ib'v. Laban Aiii-woitli of JallVev, \"'<.'':. -1, 17S7. 
3I1-: Saiah, h. .1,111 11, 1 70.3, ni. Jom.iIi Mrlvm. .bin. •:>«, 1 7'.'ii. 



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202 •;■ r .■'; Gcncalugics. [July, 

3r2— 3 Jonas, h. F.jl). irj, \~.c.\ ni. .Miriam I5,irrott, Nov. 1", ITC'O. She was the dau. 

of Co!. Nathan Barrett. [iS,'— J] 
3);j— 1 Kli.sal)etli, h. Aii^'. 'J.', IT-.?, m. l)ani..-l I'ai;..', Jan. io, HOI. 
31 1— 5 Al)ii,'ail, 1). Sept. 3, iTii'J, Ml. Jolin Staiiyan, Oct., l^)s. 
31.3— tj .Martha, 1). Oct. 17, 1771, ni. Cliailfs C.urett, Jr., of New I[>swich, Oct. 15, 

17'.»'j. ]I,! was iho .son of Cliarl(;s Barrett. [17i'.--3| 
3)1" — 7 S.iiiinel, 1). \\)\A 1, 1771, rn. Ilannali Stow of Coiicoid. 
;il7— -1 Strplicii, h. Sc[)t. -js, i77i;, 111. Rebecca Trask, .Nov. '.", ISii'.i. 
31S— ',' Janie.s 'j- July 1, 177'.', ni. Sally Wilson of Nelson, Feb. 8, ISO'J. 

(1^) Dl'ii. Ceorgc Miuot [111 — o\ .sctlleJ in llie eastern [lart of 
Coiiron.1. lie ciMiimaiulecl a coitipany in the llevultitiun, at Saratu^a, 
(the taking of Ikirgoyne,) aiul in several other phices ; and was a higlily 
nieriiuiioiis olfl.cr. ile was chosen deacon of tlie chiircli, Aug. 3, 177'J, 
and coniinnLil in olUcc iiiUil his death, wliieh look nlaee Ajnil i;>, 1S08, 
a. do. He in. ;i wives, all l)y the name of BarietL His 1st wife was 
Keheoca, daughter of Col. James Barrett, [Itl — i| whom he in. Jan. 
17, I7(w3, and who d. March 3, 1775, a. o'i. His L'nd wife was Elisa- 
belli, daughter of Humidirey Barrett, [151 — 1] whom he m. Dec. 12, 
1770, and who d. A[)ril 10, 17fci), a. -15; and his 3d wife was Lydia, 
daughter of John Barrett and widow of Silas Mann. [109 — 3.| He had 
the following children all by his lirst wife ; 

3U'— 1 Rebecca, b. Feb. 1, 17t;S, m. William lleywooil. 

oJO — 'J Dorcas, b. April I'J, 17GD, m. James Bajrett. a jjramlson of Col. James B. 

[ISl-l] 
3-21—3 Lucy, b. April 27, 1770, in. Abel Barrett [l5'J— 0.] 

(r.i) V. Stc[)hen INIinot [115—1] m. Sarah Clark, only daughter of 
Jonas Clark, Iv^-c]., of Boston, June 10,1730. He d. Sunday, Jan. 11, 
17^7, a. 75. He graduated H. C. 1730, and was a merchant of Bos- 
ton. His wife d. June 10, 17t3, in her Oltli year. They had the fol- 
lowing children ; 

322—1 Jonas Clark, b. Aug. 20, 173S, m. Hannah Speakman. 

3-'3 — '2 Sleplien, b. Feb. 11, 1710, merchant in Jamaica, J. sinijle. 

3-21— LI William, b. Feb. 7. 17-13, m. -Mary ColUon, July I, 1773, one of the first 
.settlers in Camden, Me., li. in Boston, Nov.. 177;i. 

32o — 4 John, b Oct. Jl, 17 11, m. .Mary De Rue of Boston; was master of a vessel 
in the ^Vesl India and Surinam trade, d. of fever at sea, lea\iiig one child, 
Stephen. 

3'2ij — 5 Francis, b. Aug. 0, 17 IG, d. sini,'le in Marlboroui^h, where he iiad been for his 
health. He was a merchant in Bo.-ton. 

3"27 — G Sarali, b. Nov. 7, 17 1.1, m. Gilbert Warner Speakman, by whom she had 
childien. She d. Au^'. -J'.', n^r,, 

32S— 7 James, b. ])ec. 5, 1751, m. Mary Demin^r of Boston. 

3-20 — S Christoplior, b. March s, 1751, m. Elisabeth Mayhew of Plymouth. 

3;!0— U Geor!,'e, b. Sejit. G, 175G, d. March 2, 17,7s. 

331-10 (Jeorge Rlcliards, b. Dec. 22, 17.7S. lli; grad. H. C. 177S, and was the histo- 
rian of IVlassachusetts. He d. Jan. 2, 1S02. He m. JMary Speakman. 

{o\)) V. Jonathan Miuot [130^1] lived in Westford, where he d. 
Feb. 7, IbOO, a. .s3. He married Esther I'roctor of Chelmsford, who d. 
March 30, IcOS, a. t3. They had 

332—1 Esther, b. May 23, 17 17, m. Samuel Wright of Westford. 

333 — 2 Jonathan, b. Aug. 23, 17 I'J, m. Hannah I'astman, Sept. 3, 1771. He d. in 

^Vestminste^, Ms. 
3.31—3 Joseph, b. Jan. 13, 1751. He was killed in tlie b.\ttle o\ Bunker Hi!!. 
3:i5 — 1 Oliver, b Jan. II, 175.!, m. William Reed of Wettlord. 
3.ii'i — 5 IClisabeth, b. Jan. 13,1755. 

3:j7— i; Juhn .Mar^ton, grad. II. C. 17r,7, lived in Casline. Me. 

3.'iS_7 Je>>e, b. Nov. 5, 175J, m. Betsey A.l.ims. 

33'.)— S Joavh, b. m. ^ iiildreth of Westford. 

310— '.I I'atlv, b. „ 111. John Clark. 



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1847.1 The Parsons Faynily. 26:3 



THE PARSONS FAMILY* .. 

As il respects tlio or'ciin of tlie n:\iuc of Par~oiis, some have supposed 
lluit it wus derived from llie wurd jjarson, a clerical title, given from 
the fact that aclergyiuaii is llie princi[)al person in the church. Hence 
in law he is termecl ctclcsu,' jKts'niu, tmd ir.is full possession o( nil the 
rights of a parochial church. The s is added for cuphony'.s sake, or 
from the lad that the individual was the parson's son. 

Others h:ive derived it from the word pa/vV/, as parisli-son, meaning 
the soil of some parish, one supported or educated by the [larish. 

And others again have supposed that the name is the same with 
Ferso/i, I'cL'/son, I'icr.so/i, and I'var.so/i, moditied in the spelling. 

Pcirso/i or rccrsoa is derivi'd, according to Camden, from soa of 
Peter or Ptttr^o/i, the former coming onirinallv from the French word, 
Ptorr. 

It does not aj^iear that there has ever been any attempt to collect 
even the materials for a history ol' the English family of Parsons, so 
far as has come to our knowledge, uotwilhst-anding tliere have been 
many indiviiluals among them of great ilistinction ; as knights, baro- 
nets, and noblemen. Those of the name arc, and have been for a long 
period, found in several counties ; as Devonshire, Buckinghamshire, 
Nollinghamsliirc, Oxfordshire, ice. 

Prior to \G12, Andrew Parsons, gent., was of Somersetshire, and 
Phili[) Parsons, gent., of Worcestershire. 13ut the earliest record we 
have noticed is in 

121)0. Waltkh was then a resident of Mulso in Ireland. How long 
before this he or his ancestors went ihrre we know not. The name is 
still extant there, and something above one huiulred years aL^o, ]>ishoi> 
Gibson remarked, (in his editii-n of Caiiulen's Britai.nin.) " The honor- 
able family of ]^xrsons have boon advanced to the dignity ot \ is- 
counts, ami more lately, ]varls of Ptoss." 

IHl. Sni John was Mayor of Hereford, who had for his armorial 
bearings, C,'i//cs, a Icopurd's heail /nfirccii fhrtc cro.^srs jnitce, fitclnd tu 
tJtc Ji>"t ill'. — Crest, a ltalhr.nl licadcd az. oiihurd ixvk^. 

loKJ. RoHi'.RT, afterwards the noted Jesuit, was born this year, and 
died April l>r, lG10,a. Gl. He appears to have been the Ihst of note of 
his family. His father lived near liridgcwater, Eng., at a jilace called 
Nethersloway. P^obert was educated at Balliol College, Oxford, and 
was early distinguished dr his alilitiis, but being accu.-ed of some 
irregularities he forsook his country and re.->ided for a time at Antwerp, 
Louvain, Padua, Piome, Paris and Valladolid. Becoming a converi. to 
the Piomish faith, he propagated that do.'trine with all his ability, 
and was no small instrument in sthriug u|) the benighted vas.-^als of 
Philip H. to attemjit the comjucsl ol' his native country. The event 
of that altcm[)t will always be viewctl with an intensity of interest. 

How much J'^aiher Parsons liail to do in circidating t'hc Pope's bulls 
and inllammatory tracts in i:ui:land at the jieriod of the Armada can 
never be known, but from his knowledge k^^C the country, the people, 

^ 'I'l. > lu-CdUMl ul' Ilir ;iiili.|uilic- Mini |i. ,1,-rf.- I'l" the r,H-on> l".\milv \v.i> i.i.|Mri-il |i|iii.-i- 
pallv iVom iiMini..-,ii.t> in ihc |k..~, -^,,,11 ,.| >.uiin. I II l'.u>.Mi.,, K-i-.M I l,.i ll.T.!. I 'l , I'y 
III.- ■C\..r>--1H. 11,11111; .•Si'.-iLl.iiy L.r Ihc .\,-v\ KilvLahl II. -1. ,; , I ^IKMlv-a-.i! S •. uly 



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a.ul thou- hni^nasc ,( i. n„t unlllc.Iy (hat I.is n^^^cncv u'ns In' no moi 

.em>suc.n . FulU.,-,n,s|K.:.lwn,ofth..(i.vc.ne;softl.c;h:U.k 
s . . ^ 0';,"';''^;!''"^ '■'"'"'■'^ "'"' '"^^ Hv ahom so muc-h 
JillicMw' ' • '""'= "^ ''">■ '^^^"^^'' '^^^^^"^'^ '^^"^ ^1^' 

He e.iabli.shccl an Eni^lisli college at Kome and another at Vallado- 
. im such of h.s co.n.tryn.en a.s laight follou- hin., or co.ne otherwise 
■ u n , , r r:;'i'".'"'' ^'77^' ^^'-'l^-^. l^-t that hv u-lu.-h he is hc.t 
u V th M ^^^r"'"" Connnonu-eath." M-hieh, thou.h abound- 

e^ve , I ."""' '"-'", '""""•^' •'^"'' '^'^-^^ insiiH.at.on., was 

H Citlu.le.v. a work ol .rrat al>il„y. An.l ahhunirh the pen of Sir 
1 lul.j. >.^.\ney xvas exernse.l m ,ts refntntuu,. he h nnt .n' i,I.....,l .' 



lefiitan,!!], he is not eoii>iden-(l to 




T.'.t no m;ui think I exiTci>M tlic Ghost 
<»l this -HMt r,.,T.' tluit sleepoth in the .!u<t — 
_()r conjura up his spirit to his cost 
io pros-e wiih ilispi-.use or praise unjust, 
1 .Tin not partial hu! -ive him his clue 
-All.! to his so„h" I u,J, cternull health, 
Ae i.\o I thinkc- all NMiitfu tales are true 
1 hat are inserira in Ins Couiriion-wealtii ■ 
\\ hat others wrot hei'ore I i!o survive. 
But am not like to them incenst with" hate 
And as I phiinely write, so do I strive 
1 o write the truth, not wroi^in- his estate 
(M whom it may hco said an.l censur'd \wll 
Heo both in vice and vcrlu,- did exeuli 



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,,^'*:'r '^'^^^ ^''<^^'-of Kothwel! in Nottinirham.liire There 

; First Frnhs of the Genttl^,'' l^ L^ n:! '' a's elerZn "" t^ 
10^1, ^Dorcas, or a Porlcct Pattorne of a True D.sc,>le;- Sen^on, Ha 







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Ui:il. About llii- year Tliuinas Parsons was kmnhU'd hv Chiirles I. 
The liiri'^oiiit; (.iiL^raN idl^ rcpi-ociits Ins amis, sliU rolaiiidl in ilic raiiiily 
in llif I'riitcd biaks, ami hy liis (IcsfciidaMts in Lomloii, anion;! 
wlioni wcic Sir John and Sir I [iuiii)Iir(.'y ; llio luriiirr, J^oid Mayor ol' 
tliul city in 171)1, llu- ialtcr, in 17:] I an<l 17 10. 'I'lio same coal olamia 
is a!-o rclanicd Ijy llic Liamdi oI' llic Parson^, lamily now long resi- 
dent in Jjarliadoe-. 

I^aniili-y in Ihi.-Lnii^^lianisjnn- w;is Iohl,^ a seal (jf a family of the 
name, Imi they sn m to liave ahandoncd ii ahiHil the end of the 17th 
century fur a resilience ni Xnttiii'/hamshire. The lirst o(" this I'ainily 
who^e deseendaiits wc ran trace apiH^ars to have been 

il.vi.iMi, ol' Xorlliamjilon, wiio had a son 

Jon.\, who li\i'd at JloVeney, Co. luicks, who had by hi.s wife, dan. 
of Culler, lOst] , 

Jon.v of r.MVeiiey ;ind Panuley, who ni. I'disabelli, the sole heirebs 
of Sir John lN.K!dormmsti.'r, and had, 

1. Charles, b. li'.jo, d. witlioui i>siie. 
"2. \\'illi:an, and three danuhlLU's 

This \\'iLi,i.-,M, the only surviving son, in. Idisabelh, (h\n, and heir- 
ess ol' Sir i/awrence Parsons, by wdioni he had two .-ons : oiu' a 
Cidoiud, d. without issue, and .hdm. Ins snceess(jr. ^\'ii.i.iam P.misu.ns 
(the fallier) was made a baioiiet by (diaries II. for his atlherenee to 
the can^e ol' his f.ilher, (diurhs [. He was soinewhat coiis|jicni;n.s 
durim; the ini'c//( j/n/i)', as may be inferred from liis ^Mantintj a |.a^s 
to one of the i^enthaneii of the privy eliaudjer, to proceed to Ireland. 
The ^enileman, hou'ever, having been t-aken Ijy the |-arliamcnt olhcera. 
was, Cartt' suys, put to the raed;, '• to make him coid'ess." This circum- 
stance is suiijiiised lo liave given Puller the ground he has taken in 
tliese lines in his J ludihras : 

" Tvack 'cm until ihey do eonfess, 
Iriipeui'li ot'lroasoii whom tlu>y pk'Ase, 
Ami most porlidioiisly rorulernn. 
riiojL' tlidl eri;fa''tJ their Ines lor tht'iii.'' 



Sir Tiio.m.vs PxVuso.ns of Creat Milion in O.xfordshirc, (before nicn- 
lionei!,) m in llill. Calharine, a dan. td' Edward Piadclili" of London, 
son of Alderman Padehll, by whom he had Kocmrr, 'i'lio.MAs, Piieii- 
Ai:r>, Antiui:. V, and six daughters, lie was the son o[' Tiio.mas of the 
.same jilace, bv hi-^ lirst wife, Judith Ciarbrand. o[ the city of ('xford, 
who also liad a dau::hter Amy, iii. to Pdchard Alworlli of Turford, 
Biiidxinghnm'~hire. J [is sf^-und wife was Sarah, daii. of ICdiuiiud 
"Wtiller of (-'osicdl, by wdioin he had three sons, Joii.\, ]:^i).Mi:.\n, Fkan- 
cis, and two daughters, ]']lisabelh, ni. Anthony pLadclili" of Challbrd. 
Co. Pucks, and Ann, wife of PJchard Baldwin of Beaoouslield, in the 
same county. 

The grandfilher of Si 11 'Jaiit.MAs \\a-~ Tno.M.\- of (I'rcat Milton, who 
111. ("alhariiie, dan. of Jloler Sydenham, bv v/hom he had Tiio.mas, 
lliii n, and llu n.\ i;ii. 

]iMiiAi;i) 111. .Miss Pier|ioiit, and had a sou Jou.n of Londuu, 

wlio 111. 1. a dau. of .loshua A\dustler, by whom he had a daughit r 
Catliarine ; he m. '.'. lM:ny (iualler cd' Poiidon Some of this f.iuiilv 
Were among die eailv emmrants lo America. 

The fust of the name \\a' liiul in Xew I'.ULiland is.To-i:rii. Spring- 
Held, lo ;(",, wdiere he appears as a witness to ih,- i\x.-v^ from ihe Indian- 
17 



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2GG ■,. (Jeif alog-i'.'s. ::,' [Jul) 

of the !aiul:3 of lliat phirr aiiJ viciiiily to William rynchoii nnd othcr.-> 
on the lifleeiilh of July. Tliire :ijii)c;ir, however, .souii after, at lli 
same phiee, Hkmi aii^l I)i;mami.\. Aiul family tradition relates lh:i 
J(jsi:iMi ami 1)i:.\,iami.n wrir hruthers, that tliuy were horn in Griu' 
Torriuf^lun, near J'^xeli'r, 1 )l'\ (jnshii<', h.iiL'lanil, who, with other cliil 
drcn, accompanied tluir falher to iSV'W l-Jiii^huid, abcnit the year IGijo. 
It is probalde that they came over uiih Mi: J'yiiclion. 

(1) Josiirn Paiiso.n.s,' as has been mentioned, was at Springfield in 

llJ.Ui, where he probably remained nnlil Ui'j-j, in wliicl 
year he removed to rsortham[)lun. On the records of ihi 
- ' latter town i^ this entry: '• Josei)h I^irsons did at a Coini 

in Nartham[)tun, holdcn ^March, IGO'J, testiiie that he Wic^ 
a witness to a deed of the lands at Si)rini;neld, and a 
bargain lu'iweeiie the Indians and Mr. Tynclion, dated 
.Tnly 1-J, IikW), (or Is fathoms of wamponi, Is coates, lb 
' hatchets, 1^ hues, IS knives." 

As soon as the town was incorporated he was elected 
'' Townsman," (or selectman,) lliuugh he snbsequently 
. ptiid the tLiwn :.'') shillings not to elect hnn to any oflicc 
dining the second year of Us incorporation. After that 
we find him serving the town as " Townsman" lor seven 
. _,__.'.:,-' ' years. He was a principal founder ul' >>orthani])ton, was 
cxten.^ively engaged in the fur trade, and acijuired a large 
estate. 

lie m. Mary, dau. of Tliou:ias Iiliss of Hartford, (after- 
waids of rs\)rthampton,) ?NOV. 'J(J, ICilG. They resided in 
Northampton till If.T'J, in which year they retnrned to 
Springfield, wluae they both died. Among the records 
of deaths of that town we Wnd, " Cornet .loseph rar.-^ons 
was sick and died, Oct. '.J, 1 C.^:;." She outlived him 
near 19 years, dyinu' .Tan. 2'J, 1712. 'J'lielr children were, 

(2) I. Joseph,- b. lu 17, m. Elisabeth, dau. of Elder John Strong, 
(11) whose father was ancestor of the late Caleb Strong, 

Governor (.'f Massachusetts. He d. Nov. "J'J, 17~'J. She 
was b. at A^'iud.-ur, Ct., Feb. :'21, 1G1*~, d. at Northani})ton. 
May 11, 17;]G, a. >S. 

(3) II. John,-' b. IGJ'.', m, Sarali, dau. of Lieut. Clarke, at 

Northampton, Dec. 2:), lG7->. 
(1) III. Samuel,'-' b. lGo2, settled at Durham, Ct, 170G. 

(•J) IV'. Ebcnezcr,- b. IGoo, served against the Indians in Philip's 

war, and was killed lighting under Capt. B(H'rs at North- 
■ "^^ ^' field, Sept. S, 1G7-), with his commander and many more. 

He was the lirsl white; chiKl liorn in Xmlhampton. 
(G) V. .Tonalhaii,'-' b. .lime G, iGo7, d. Oct. ID, IGsl. 
(7) \\. David,'- b. April 30, IGo'J. 
{^) VII. Mary,'-' b. June 27, IGGl, m. 1. Joseph Ashley of Springfield, 

Oct. 1.',, iGe-'. ; 2. Jose[di 'Williston, iMarch 2, 1G'.)'J. 
(9) VIH. Hannah,- b. 1GG3, m. Rev. Pelatiah Crlover of Springfield, 

Jan. (■), 1GS7. 
( 10) IX. Abigail,-' b. Sept. 3, IG.GG,, m. Jolnr Colton. l\d>. 19, 1G<9, d. 

soon after, leaving a dau. who m. Praiu'is Oriswold of 

Windsor, Ct 



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(11) X. Hester,-!). 1G72, m. Jusepli Siiiilli of Gi-ecuv.-i;:!!, Ct. 
Jub^opli,- (:.') who 111. Elisabeth hjtroiig, liud, 

(12) I. Josepli.-' b. June 2S, IC? 1, ^liuhiutoJ at II. C. It'.'j?, being 
the lirst uf llic iiaiiio who ha J inaihiatcd there-, lie in. 
Elii^alictli, ilaii. ot' J)r. ricnjaiuiii Thoni[).-;oii ul' Jloxbury, 
i\I.s., (wht) was .-on vi' Wvy. \\'\\\\\\u\ Tliunipsoii of JJraiii- 
tree, Ms.,) in 17ol. He sellled in the ministry, 1st, ui 
Lebanon, Ct , L'lul, at .SaHsburv, -Abs, in 171C, where he 
lb .Miueh ]:;, 17:;'J. a. CJ. llis \;"iie a. at Xensin-ten, X. 11 

John.' b. .hill. 11, 1071. 

(11) III. libenezer.' b. Dee. 11, 1G7-J, in. .Alercy Stcbbins, Dee. \o. 
17u:;, d. 171 1. 

(1,7) IV. ]:!i^abeth,^' b. Feb :;, i.;7-. 

(10) V. David,' b. F(d). 1, IC-ii, ;it Xorthani|iton, LMad II. C. 170-J, 
minister uf .Alaldeii, 170-, of Leiee:>ler, 1721, whiro lie 
il. 1 /-"J, lia\-in,Lr been ihsini>sed two year.-, before. His 
son David\-iadnatcd at Harvard CJlK-L'-e in 172'J, and 
w.is ordaiiieil as the lirst I'astor of tlie ehureh in Aiii- 
liersl, Xov. C, 17:;'.t. He ni. Ihiniee ^^'cll.s of Wethcrs- 
lield, Ct., liad :) ehildren.and d. 17-1, a. ("'.). He was the 
I'aljjer of the llev. David'' Paiwoiis, D. D., of Amherst, 
who was b. Jiin. 2-, \1 \\), H. C. 1771, settled Oct. 2, 
17--', d. Is2.j, a. 7 1. Dr. Parsons Iiad clevcu children ; 
namely, E/.ekiel ^ViHiams,'■ a jdiysieian in Colchester, 
Ct. ; David'' of Amher.st, an artisan; Prudence Stod- 
dard," 111. llcv. Marcus t^niith,'^ Rcnsselaerville, X. Y. ; 
Thonia-,'' a merchant, Xew York city, d. a. 11 ; Narriet.'' 
in. 1. llcv. lloyal \\'ashburn, and 2. Hon. David Mack of 
Amherst; Erancis,'' an attorney at Hartford, Ct., and 
Jndi:'e of tlie Court of Cemmon Plea.-; .Mary,' ni. Pev. 
A\'iniam \\'dhams, formerly a cler.ii;yman, Imt now a 
practibim; |ihysician at Salem ; Caroline,' d. a. 2:J ; So- 
jihia,'' m. liev. Silas Aiken of Puston ; William,'' a physi- 
cian ol" Canaan, Ct., d. a. 27; and James,'' a graduate and 
an instructor of youth at Savannah, (ui., d. a. 2it. 

(17) XL Jo.-iah,'' b. Jan. 2, l(;-2, iii. Sarah Sheldon, June 22, 1710, d. 
April 12, 170", a. j-(i. 

(1^) \U. Daniel,' b. Aug., IC.-o, at Xorthamj'ton, m. Abigail Cooley 
of Springlield, June 17, 170',), resided in Spriii^^tield. 

(19) VIII. :Moses,'' b. .Ian. 17, ir-7, at Xorthampton, m. Al.igail Rail 
of Sprin-liidd, Jan. 20, 1710, about which time he re- 
inu\-ed to I hirham, Ct. 

(20). IX. Abigad,' b. .ian. 1, ICOO. 

(21) X. ^ Noah,Mj. Aug. lo, lf'i:)2, left descendants. 

Samuel,- (-1) who setth:d in Durirain, Ct., had, " , • •. • 

'rimethy,' b. lO'.U. d. .Ian. :.'-, 1772. 
Simreii/' b 1 ;oi, d. .bill (■', 1 ;.- 1. 
Phmrhas," b. 170;:, d iMay 0, \',:1[. 
Aareii. ■ 

Iihamar,'' b. 17(i7, d. .hin :Jl, 17^i'>. He nnd proba.bly all hii 
brolhia-s left male iHjsterity. Da\-id^ and Xailian,* sons 
of Iihamar, removed to Cranville, ^N., about 17GU. 
na\-id' of ( baiuibe, :Ms . bad a ^oii .l,n 1, who w:!s father 
It' the J bni. .Ind;',.- ,\nsou \'.''' I'.arsonsot' I'hiladelphia. 



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*2GS r.;^^. .•>, dtacahiii-ics. [-July, 

."l(i<('|ili,' (i:J) who in. Eiiiuljcili Tliuiii|i-o!i, liad, 

(•J7) 1. Joseph,^ b. ill Suli.vbiiiy, 17i)-j, irrad. II. C. 17"J(i, ordained at 
Jiitullord, .Ms., .lime .-, 17-Ju, il. tluic; May 1, I/O-}, a. 03. 
] lis wiCr was JMaucfs, (|;iu. of .luliii I '-lur, Lieut. Gov. 
ol' .W'W 1 laiuii^liiic, w'Ikj was sun v( Ilezckiali Usher, 
hy J'lhsaliclh, chill, of the \\>:\'. Zaciiariah ."^yiiiiiK'S of 
C'harh'slou'ii, ^Ms. Jli^ imhlirations wcie an It^lection 
^?c:nnoii, an (Jidmation, and an Artillery Eleclior. Sermon, 
17 11. Tiicir children were, 1. Fiances,'' b. 17;J0, d. at 
J'^jipiui:, X. 11., ()cl. 7, IMJ--, iininanied, a. 7-^. 'J. Elis- 
abeth,' h. 17;J1, d. 17.');j. V). Juseph,' b. (Jet. ■'), \1:'>.',, iiiiii- 
isier iif IJioiikliihl, ?*ls.. d. .Ian. 17, 17;i,a. :;-. Ills wile 
was Sarah, dau. of Ju'V Warhani Williams of \\'altlium, 
I\Is., by Abigail, dan. ul' C'l/h (ieurgc Leonard of Norton. 
lU'N'. AVarhaia "Williams was sou of Ilev. .Tohn ^A'llllanlb 
of Deerliild, the " Uedeeined C'ajilix'e," and friandson of 
Deacon Samuel AVilliams of lluxbury and Rev. JClen/.er 
IMalher of Norlliamplon, great-giamlsoii of llobeit Wil- 
liams and Deacon William I'ark of Roxbnry. 1. Thomas,* 
b. 17.J.7, who went to Parsonsfield, Me. .j. Sanuiel,* b. 
]7;i7, of C(uiiville, Me , d. l^o7. C. Dr. .lohn,' b. 1710, of 
^ S. I'.eiwick, .Me., d. 177-j. 7. AN'ilham,' b. 17 11, d. 1712. 
.,-- .-;. William,' of AllVi'd, .\lc.. b. 17 1';. d. Aiiir. •!, 1^26. a. 

^'.]. '.I. Sarah,-' b. 17 b3, d. at rarsoiistield, Ir^UD. 10. Ed- 
ward,' b. 1717, went m the Devolutioiiary aiiny, as Adju- 
tant in Col. iVior's regiment, ami d. 1770. 

llev. .Toseph rarson.v' of Lrooklield left an only dau., 
who m. Samuel Pitkin, E-ii.,of E. Hartford, Ct. A\'illiam,''' 
who d. at Alfred, ^le , hail nine children, among whom 
was Usher," 'SI. 1)., of rrovidenco, 11. 1., a professor in 
lirown I'niversity, a surgeon in tlic war of 1-:12, and in 
Perry's tleet at the battle of Lake Eiie. He m. .Mary, 
dau. of Pie V. Abiel Holmes, D. D., author oi " American 
Annals." Dr. Parsons is himself author of several medi- 
cal treatises of great merit. 

Thomas'" was the propiit^tor of Parsonstield, Me., and 
left a numerous jiosli.aity — 1'.) children, bv two wives. 
His fir.-<t wife \^ as Mary Poor. 

(•IS) II. Samuel,' b. -at Sail-bury, M-., 1707, grad H. C. 1730, 
ordained at Pye. X. II., Nov. 3, 173n, m. IMaiy, only ehihl 
of Samuel .fdiies, Y.«\., <<[' Postoii, Oct. '.', 17:10, d. .Tan. 1, 
17b'.), a. ^2, in th(> .Kud yt>ar of his ministry. The giand- 
., , father ot' Mary .Tones was Capt. .Tohn Adams of lidston, 
grandson of Henry of Praintree, who was ammig the first 

-; ,U, ., settlers of ^Massachusetts, and from whom a numerous 
race of the name tire descLaidcd, iiuludmg two Presidents 
of the Uiilteil Stall's. ( Jnv. Samuel Adams (the paliiot) 
was cousin to Mary \\\\o m. Samiul .icURS. 

llev. Samuel I'ar.-ous'' had four children ; namely, 1. 
!Mary, m. Pev. .Tohn Tucki- of Epsom, w hose dau. Love 
!M. m. Simeon Drake, late of Concord, N II. 2. Joseph, 
M. D.. a captain in the Pevohitioiiary army, who d. in 
Pye, N. H., in 1S.;2, a. mi. 3. Hannah, d. unmarried. !. 
Petsey, m. Lieut. Samml Wallace i>f Pve, A\ho<c dau. 
111. tlie late Isaac \\'aldioii, hisij , of Portsmouth, N. II. 



1847. 



The Parsons FuDtih). 



269 



(29j TIL Willmm,'' b. iit Salisbury, April :21, niC, .irra.l. 11. C. 17:J-3. 
seUlcil over the eliurcli in Suiilli llaiiiploii, N. II., 17-115, 
(Voui wliirli liu was (lisini.sst.il iifhjr a loiiiistry ol" about 
twenty years. He m. Sarali Ijiiniliaiii <jf Diirliaiii, N. II., 
I\Iay h;, 171:{. !u iTi'i"!, ho reiinivud to (ulinanton willi 
his family, that town biaiii; then a \vil(lerni'.<s, thouijli by 
■ J lli(} riul ol' the year abuiil twenty faniilii-.s had arrivcil 

and (jiiiiiaieiii-ed seltk-nients * Air. Parsons was eiri- 
jiloyed by the ])ro|irietors to preach to the inhabitants. 
He also instructed the yonth of the place, and coniinned 
' : ■ ■ these services al'ter liis labors as a minister ceased. He d. 
.fan. ;J1, 1 /'.Jb, and his wife followeil him to the grave, Feb. 
■--, 17'.'7. His chiMrea were Sarali, AVilliam, Elisabeth, 
.Tuhn, .loseph, and ICIxiuv.ir. J-^lisabeth in. Gen. Jose|ili 
JJadijer, Jr., who was the lalhia' of Hon. William J>adti;er 
of ( lilmantoii, laio (Jovcnioruf New Hamp->hire. 

(30) IV. Eli'<!\l>cih,' I). 17l-,iii Ib'v. Jrioiiiiah I'olilT ol' l\( ii'-iiii'-lon, 

.\. 11. She a. ,M arch .">, 177'.), a. (il. Ho d. Doc. I, 1 /-'.». in 
the 1^\\\ year of his ai^(>, and lh>> -VJiid o[' his miiiistrv. A 
ilescoudanl id' llov. .Mr. EoU'l; is the consort uf llcv. James 
Farnswoilh of I'oxboro', AIs. 

(31) V. John,-' b Oct. 1-3, V':ir>^ ,1. Soi.homore in II. C, Oct. "JS, 17 10. 



(1) IjE.N'.rAMi.v P.\iiso\-s,' yonivj;er brolhcr of Cornel Josejili, whose 
descendants are above traced, was like him among the 
(ir^t sittlers of Spriniifield, and a prominent citi/.en, a 

... gentleman of exemplary moral character, cf i:;;real worth 
and resiieclaliility. He was Deacon of the cliiircii, and a 
child" instniinent in its formation in Sprinulleld, as ap- 
pears from his corrospondi'iii-e with the llev. l)r. Im-rease 
i\Ialher. In the civil aliiiirs of the town, no one held 
more responsible ollices, or tlisch irged them with Ln-eater 
lidelity. 

Mr. Parsons in. Isl, Sarah, dan. of Richard A'ore of 

, ' \A''m Isor, who was a member of the Ke\'. JliIiii War- 
ham's church in Dorchester, and accompanied him to 
AVindsor in in.j.j. She d. at Sprin;j;(ield, Jan. 1, lo/ti. 
He III "Jiid, Sarah, relict of John Leonard, Fel). "Jl, Iij77. 
\[vA- fither liavim;' settled in Sprini);lie!d in lO'I'J. Dea- 
con Par>ons d. AnL!;iist "Jl, lii'~^'.), and his wile in lOUO. 
lbs (diililren bv his lirsl inarriaL'^e were, 
Sarah,- h. at Sprimrlield, (as were probably all his children,) 

Ami. \><. KioG, m. .fames I)orL-lie<ter. 
Pcniamin,- b Sept. I'l, 1|■)•")^. m. ."^arah, dan. of .folm Keep 
of SpriiiL'fndd, .Tan. 17, 1C.-3. lb' d at hbilield, Cl . Dee. 
L's, 1 7-i--, a. CO. She d. .bily '^, 17-J'.*. Her iiiOtherwas 
Sarah, dan. of .lohn Leonard ol' Sprinulield. and her 
lallna-was hilled bv the Indeiii- a'. Lonu- .Meadow, l(;7u; 
piobably on the "jr.th >•>( M ir.h ; as on that ilay, six men 
wer',' killed at Sprin!j,lield, tliret; ot'them near Pecowsiclc 



{-.) L 

(3) IT 
(10) 



* VnT lir'nulr :iii.l ini'M (■<1iiil- ]i;irlh-iil ir~ nl" llii< ii.iw iin;i. irl.eil l.AVii. liu' n-iilii i> ii-UTrc'l 
ID lln- lii-t,ir\ I'l' Il l.v Ki:\ llvNo.i l,.\ M \ -. i i:i; In lli.i! \\i.r!> l!i'' aiilin'r li.i^ ,-i\. i.-ii pciil- 
-ri-i-. 111 iii.iiiv ,.1 l!ir ( ,irl\ -.•lllci-. 



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• [July, 



brook, as tlioy wcic; [iiissiii,!; from I.on- Monaow to the 

town, will) an c-rori niulrr Cupl Xixon. The circiun- 

,'^ ,, stance was Immit j.rriM-itialeil by tlic fullowiiicj distich, 

but with how much tniih we Pieteii.l nut to suv. It is 

this: ^ 

• Seven Iiiilians, ami one witlioiit r\ ^iin, 
C;iii-Lil C'.iplaiii Ni.\oii and lurty inca to run.'' 
f-1) IIT. Mary,'- b. Dc,-. Ki, ](\C,n, at Sprm-lield, Jan. '.11, ir,n2. 

(6) ly. Abi-ail,- b. Jan. i;, ICC,:.', 1,1. l.Julm :\Iiin, Dec. 23, 1CS0;2 

John lliclianls, Oct. 7, ](>('.. 
(r.) V. Samuel,- b. Oct 10, ICGC, m. Hannah nilchcock, .Alarch IS, 
ni) 1(1-^,(1 in I'hiliekl, Fell., 17:](i, a. 70. 

(7) VL Ebenezcr,- 1). Nov. 17, lOo-, m. .Ahugarct, ilau. of Samuel 
('-'0 ^11'' Kalheiinc ^.hirsliiiiJ,! of S|Hinirlicl(l, and ^^rand- 

danL^hter of Thomas .Abir.shfiehi, who came from Exeter, 
, England, with ]Iev. ."\h-. Warham, and settled in AVind- 

; sor, Ct. Mr. Par.son.s d. at Springlield, Sept. 2:3, 17o2, a. 

\ i- ,, '"b llis wife d. Jnno 12, ]7oS, a. b7, as is to be seen on 

her tombstone in AVest Springlield, together with these 
hues : 
•^,.' 'J'lio hopo of iilo immortal ■ - • . 

bloom, ])i>[)el y^ i;ra\f's 
,' most hiilroiis gloom 

,-;—-' Cliri-t oil y Rcsurcction 

'!■'}■ I'i^ S.un!; w'itli ulory .-li.il! array. 
yii-. Par-sons was highly respci'led, was Tieacon of the 
Coni.';regational church in ^^'e.-l Sjiringlield fifl//-tiro ycais, 
which terminalrd at his decease. 
(S) VIT. Mary,- b. Dec. 17, KJO, m. Thomas Ricliards, Oct. 21, 1091. 
{'J) A'in. llczekiah,-' h. Nov. :J1, 107:;, m. Haimah, dan. of Eliakim 
Cooley of Springfield, Feb. 20, 1701. [There is a curi- 
ous entry on the Springfield records concerning this 
match.] They resided in I'hilield and Sniileld, Ct. lie 
il. .Inly 11, 171^. 

(10) IX. Joscjdi,- ii. Dec, l('.7.j, m. Abigail Phelps, Se[.t. lo, 1G97. 

He resided in ^^est S[)riniitield. 
Benjamin,- (:)) of i-hilicld, who m. Sarali Keep, had, ' 

(11) I- Jolm,'b. in I'hili.ld. Xuv. 10, l(;--l,d there INIay 9, 17 17, a. 33. 

(12) il. Benjamin,' b .Marcli 1, 1(><, was tif Enfield, Ct., where 

he d. nnmanicd, Jnlv 1, 17;il. a. It'.. 

(13) III. Cliristoplier,M.. Jan. :j^ liiOl, m. .Alary Pease of Enfield, 

April 22, 171 I, d. Sept. 10, 1717, a. otl They had twelve 
children, born between March 1, 17 lo. and Dee. 23, 1710 ; 
eight sons and four daughters. The sons were John,^ 
Ciiristopher,^ Benjamin,^ Joseiih,"* Ebene/.er,^ Benjamin,* 
Jabez,* Xoah,'' John,^ m. Ann Colton at Thifield and had 
John,' Eliene/.er,-' Jabe/,' and Oliver,'' who d. at Peek- 
skill in 1777, in the llevohilionary war. 

Christopher,^ m. I\lary, dan. of Sanmcl Pease, and had 
among other children, A-alicl' and Christopher.^ 

Benjamin,* m. Sophia Pease, and had Simeon,^ Mary,^ 
and John.'' He lived at IhilicM. 

Joseph,* ni. Bebecea Allen of Enfield, Ct., and had 
Joseph,'' and Jabez,'' and three daughters. .Tosep>h' had 
a large fanulv in Ihilieid. 



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1817. 



The Parsons Fdini/i/. 



271 



(11) V. S;irali,' of wlioiu \vc linvc no ;u,'L-oimt but of her dcrvlli, July 

e, 17 ■-".). 
Samuel- (('■) oC ]']iilioM, who ui. Hannah, d;iu. of Luke lIitc'hcoi;k of 

Spiin^lic'ld, had, 
{\r>) I. Johu,' b^.Tuly "i:;, ir,0;i, ni. Thaukful rtoot uf EntirM, June 

:iU, 1711'). They had seven children, ainuui,' whuiii were 

Johu,^ Moses, ^ and 'L'honias.' 
(10) II. LukcMi. .Ian. 1, 1 ("/.IC, ni. Surah Osl.orn, Sept. l.'J, 171G, at 

Enfield. Thev had seven ehildren, one of whcun was 

a son, Luke,^ b. A[ird 17, ]7"..'l. 
(17) III. IL/ekiah,' 1). April l.J. U'i'.i-, ni. Rcbecea Burt, ^'ov. 1-5, 

17"J:), <1. 17'51. lie had, liesides olher children, IK/.c- 

k\aW Daviil,^ Kldad/ and Charles.-' 
(IS) TV. Hannah,' b. Au^^ 2, 1700, ui. Nalh'l Horton, :\Iarcli 3, 1720. 
(HI) A'. Nathaniel;' b, Hec. i-'s, 170.', ui. Mary Pea>e, Dee, Ir, 1725. 

He had Xathaniil.^ Chadwell,' who ni. llnlh, dan. of 

Josiah Ward o[M']ulield, and Stephen.^ 

(20) VI. AInses,' b. June lo, 1707, m. Hannah, dan. uf Saninel Steb- 

bins u[' Sjuini^Mield, .Ian. i:i, 17:;(i, d. at Ihid^'ld, 17>G. He 
had ^ cinlihen, 1 sons and 1 dauirhters. Warhani' m. 
iMary Pease, and had, besides other cduldren, .Martin,"' 
Warhani,' and Moses. -^ 

(21) VH. ^Miriam,-' b. April ',l, 1710, m Caleb Jones, Nov. 10, HiJO. 

(22) VIII. Samuel,'' b. Nov. 23, lO'.K), (at Sprin-field) m. Abiirail Ilaii- 

dall, Dec. -1, 1713, and hail sons, Samuel^ anil Aaron.* 

(23) IX. Sarah.' b. Nov. 10, 17oi, m. Thomas Jonns, June 10, 1712. 
(21) X. pani(d, uf whom, as yet, nothing- appears. 

Ebcnezer,- fl) of West S[)rim,Mield, who m. Mar^-aret Marshlleld, liad, 

(25) I. Ebcne/er,' b. at Springheld, Jan. 12, KiOl, m. Martha Ely, 
1711, d. 17 12, leavinL,-- 10 children; nainely, Martha,-* m. 
J(.hn 'J'aylor; I'hmiee,^ in. Haniel H. rhel[)s ol^ Upper 
Housatonick ; ^ilarL^an^t,' m. Daniel Eoot of Colche:>lcr ; 
Mary,-* m. William Clark of Colchester; Diana*; Ebcnc- 
zer'; Naomi,' m. Asaph Eeonard; Ste[.hcn*; Abigail*; 
and Seth.* 

(2C) IT. Marii;arct,-' b. Sept. I'J, 1G03, m. llev. Daniel T']lmer of 
Newark, N. J. 

(27) HI. .Tonatlian,-' b. July lo, iGOo. Drowned, July 1, 1703. 

(2?) IV. Beni:unin,-"b. Dec. lo, IG'JG, m. .Martha IJliss, Aug-, lo, 1723; 
went to KiuL^rston, thence to Palmer, .Ms., d. at Swansey, 
in the house of his sun, Aaron.' His wife d. at Palmer, 
.M-\. July 17, 17i''0, a. -IG. They had 12 chiMren. 
Eleanor,* m. lillizur Pitch of Alonson ; David' of Palmer, 
I\rs. ; Tabitha,' m. Pohcat .ATc Master of Palimr, 17GG ; 
Moses,* d. at the Ihuauna in the French war; Israel,* d. 
in the same war. at Poil 1 firmer; Aaron* of Swau'-ey ; 
.fonathain' m. Maiv. ilan. Heacon Joseph Merrick oC 
Sprim^Micld, d. at W. Spi m-lirld, :\Iay 2, 1^10, a. 7o. She 
• * d. .March 1 o, lbl7, a. - I. .lo-lnia,' m. lllcanor Allen, lived 

in Palmer, Ms. Abi:;ail,' ni. libvuezer Pliss of Ikdcher- 
town. JNTartha,* m. Daniel Worthington, ^'t. ; pjenjamin,* 
d. in the French war. 

(29) V. Caleb,' I). ]^vr. -.11, IG',)'.), ni. .Miriam AVilli<ton, Oct. I, 1719. 
Slu^ d. at W. Spriii'ilield, .liily 21, 17"''0, a. ■'»"., leaving 
one -en, Caleb,' b. \'ir<r>, d. l"/(io. 



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[July, 



(:^0) VI. Saral./ h. Vch. l, 170;J, n,. IVI'iti-il. ILtd.coek of IJrook- 

(leld, ."Ms. 
(.•!1) VII. Joiuuliaii,^ !,. at S|,rini:lu'M, Xov. :;n. I7n.3. rrra,]. ru V r 
^■'■'^^ IJ'-'^. ^"i,ii,.l ilirMlo-v wall 11,. r. lo.'islri U'HIituns IVes- 

I'iiM.t „1 ^'. f'., aii.l 11. 'v. .loiiatliiii Ivlu-anis of \orth- 
• ' aiiipiuM, onlamca at l.ymr, .Maivl, 17, 17:;n. ,„. I'lu-hc 

liaii. ol ,)..liii (uisu'uKl of Lvmc. and si-ier uf Cuv. .Mul- 

tlll'U' ( rlisWiiM, 

111 ."M'lrrl,, I 7 Ki, Ilev. Mr. rursons rcmovcl to Xewhii- 
ry|i(.rt, .M<., wlicre he iiroaclied until liis dorcast>. He 
|1; .Inly I'.i, 17;(;. a. 71. an.l was inioiiv.! i„ n toinb iinac-i- 
• IS piilpit, hy (ho suh; .,f ]\rv. ( Imr-e WhitHielJ. who 
liacl (lird al Ins lions, ■ nnt I.mi- hcWn-c. His wifo d at 
.\.-w!Miry]n.it als.,, D.v. -j,;, 177,, ](,. ,„ o _^j,.^_ p ,^|j^ 
Clarks(jn. widow of Andrew ('!:ir!,s,.n I^,, ..f l\,r(^. 
iiH.iith. N. ir. Sho survivr.l him, aiiM d. April ;iO, 177^; 
.Mr. I'ars, , IIS was author of M.vcrn!,„-,.aMoiial and olht-r 
sermons 111 paniphlot form, and two vohimos of sixty 
sermons m -vo., a.K-ertisod as in y.rr.^ at X-'wlMirypori 
in I /-I. l,y .1. My,^all. As extmid.d memoirs have"becn 
IHihlisn..d of him in sovera! works, it is unneecssary to 
be more parfirular at this time. 
{■■VI) MIL Ahi-iil,^ h. Ort. -Jl, ]7<)^ m. Thomas Day of .-^prinoneld 
Mar,-h ]'.(, 17;;i " I t^ . 

(-!) IX. Kathm-im..^' h. (),.,. ] ,;, J 7 1 -7, m. Aaron Taylor of Upper 

llniisatonu-k. ■ 

Tan- .Tonathan I'arsonvc;!) of X.^wlmrvport had l:] eluKhen, G of 

whom d. in mtaiicy. 'Iliose who mnrrird ware 
(31) I. .MarshliHd/ h. F^h. 7, 17:;:;, live,! at' Lyme. Ct., d. there 
• Ian. 1,5. I -^1:5, a. ,-0. He m. 1. Lois. ^Hu. of Ti.diard AVait 
^cn., ol Lyme, llo m. "i. Ahi'^ail .Marvin, Xov. -(). 17(;c. 
Sh.^d. Amr. !J J, 17-J, a. 3-1. Uc m. :;. Ahi-a.l AVatermnu 
ot Xorwieh, Jan. 1 .7, ]7s5. Sl,e d. .Alareh 1!. i7'j:5, a 
'|- He m. J. Ph.d.c (Irillin, Oct. 10, 17-,' J. widow, ai.d 
dan. ol Pardon Taher of Lyme. Ho Iiad diildren only 
hv hisln-s; wif... Ills son .I,,hn-'m. Joanna, dan. of Joseph 
-M iiho^r ot Lyiiio. \)y a s,...nnd wife, Lois, dan. of Rich- 
ard W ait, .Ir.. hr had I'.' cliLMreii 
(3^) II. .lonathan,^ h. Apnl -JO, i;-;.7, ,n. Hannali. dan. of Samuel 
(.y.os ol_>aI,-.)„,ry. Au~r. or, 17.-,-.. They had 10 ohil- 
<iKn, J ol whom Mc.ie .sons, and rdl d. n.imarried. Klis. 
. ■:■■ • :il'eih- 111. I. Samncl Chandler. 2. John :\Iyea!l. Hannalr 
m. .\hi-aham .hirkson, and had E!!eii''and Isaac RaiuP • 
■ Ihe latter d. July 'J7, 1M2, at Cnponha^,-n. while U. s' 
(Hi-., d Alia, ITS, a. :;7. ][,> ,„. L.niisa f. Carroll of 
1 hil.a.h.Iphia, irranddaiii;li(or of Charh-s Carr..ll of Carrol- 
t"n, .AI 1., (Mie o( the si-iirrs of the Drelaraiion of Indc- 
pend(.m'e. 



(:^.G) HI. 



>am,ul Ihildon.' h. May 11, 17:;7, at Lyme, Ct.. "rad II 
C. \l.ji\- in I7M ho ivorivod an honorary .h.-r^e from 
V. t.,stndiod law at Lvmo i,, the oiiioo' of his uncle 
■ ov .Mattheu- (hiswold, admiito.l I0 the har in X\ny 
I.oiidon oonnty, 17.V.I. sotllrd al Lymo, was olocted 
ia.prosontativo to tho (h.nora! Assonihiy m HCr' aii-l 



*.>.,v\ 



!■ ■ i, r .< i' .; ■ '■ 

; , ;. t 



,<■''. I 



. ,l'., ! 



1817. 



'/'//(• Parsoiis luiniilij. 



27:3 



siici'f!.s.sivi'ly fur t; iL!;lik'i.'ii sessions, which hioiiiihl him 
to thr y(>;ir 1771, wlu'ii ho I'tN-civiil ihr ;\|i|miiii1 iiiriit of 
KiiiL^'s Attoiiicy, ami leiiiovcd lo A'rw Lomluii. Jn 17 7-3 
he WHS ;i(ij)(iiiitcil ("oloncl (jf the, sixth (JuiiiK.'ijtiL-ui \v'X\- 
iiKMit, ainl II Ih ii::iihcr-( u'liiM'al l)y CollL'■|■^!S-^ in 177'i, 
.M.i|i)r-( If iiiT.iI ill 17-:i. In 177;) he siii'rcc'ih'J i\r\\. 
J'lUiiaiii 111 thi; CMimiiaii 1 ol' the. ('i.>uiiei'ti(;iil line ut' lln.' 
Conliiieiital annv, aiul -crNCil in iho Jlrvohiliuiiary army 
as MaJDr-l It'iicial iinlil Urn cl.ivc ul' Uu; war. Ho was 
an active m<;in!icr nf iht- Cuiu'cntiun of (Junnectifnl in 
.Tan nary, 1 7--", which ralilied iho Const itiiticjii of the IJnit- 
{>il Status, and was tdcclcd President ot' the " Society of 
Cincinnati " of Connecticut. In \1>'> he was aiipoiiitcd 
by CoHLness a Coniini-^ioner to tre;il with the Indnans 
ul Miami. Jn 17-- In: was a|i|)oinletl and coiumis.-ioiied 
bv President W'a^hiiiiiioii, lir-t Jiidi^e uf the North West 
'i'errilory, wliicli iiiciinled liic present States of (I'lio, 
Indiana, IHmois, and .Miidiijan ; and while liMldiier that 
oliice, wa<, in I7-.t, apjxiinled ItV the Stale of ("oniiecii- 
ent a (_"ommissioner to hold a tiealy wiili tlie \\'v-indots 
and other Irihes ot' Indians on Lake ]']rie, for exlmL;iii--h- 
iiiL,' the ahoritnird title to the " ConmM/iicnt Western 
Reserve." W'lule retiirniiiL; to his residenee at Marietta 
from this stM'viee', he was drou'iu'd by the overlnriiinii, of 
III- boat in descendiiiL!; the ra[)id- of the iiiL' Beaver river, 
?sov. 1 7, 17>'J, a. 'il. 

(Jen. Parsons iii. .Meheiabc I, dan. of Piicliard Al iiher 
of Lyme, (a lineal desi-etidaiit of llev. Pwiciiavd .Abii her of 
Dorehester.) Se|>t. K), 17i;i. She was b. in Lvnv, .Mareli 
7, 171"), (1. Awx- 7, 1-^n-.', and was buried at .Mid l!e!ovvn. 
Ct. Tlie children ol" C'w. l\\rsons were, 1. William 
W^dlia-,' b. .bijy -'i, 17(')J, m. lOsllier, dan. of 'rii>Mii|isnu 
l'hi!li|is of .Miiidletowii, d. .Ian. L'l, l>t)i, leavim; ehi!- 
iben, J'Isther Piiillip-^,'' in. to William Ilammet cd' Pjaniior, 
and Thomas,'' who d voiini:. .. Lin'ia,'' I). Nov. "-, 17()l, 
m. lion. Stt^phen Tilns llosmm-, Chief-Jnslice of CtJii- 
iicetii'ul. They had I sons and (i daiip;hter.s. All tlie -^ons d. 
yoiim(, except Oliver Lllsworlh,'' who in. Ann P Hiv.-es 
o[' .\. York. .".. Thomas,' who d. yoiim;". 1. ICxucii,' 
^vllo■;e bioiirajdiv was uivmi in tlu^ Ajail iinmber of ihis 
woik lie was b. Nov. -'), 17(1'.), 111. 1. Mary Wyley 
Siilli\aii, Mav 1'.', 17'.)o. Slie Wiis dan. of .hdm Sid- 
livan of London, and h. in Piiiladelphia, Nov. '.», 177'.'. il. 
at .Middletown, .Tiilv •-', l"i>7. lie m. 2. IMrs. Suali Pvo- 
secrant>, dan. of .Ncdiemiah 1 Iwbliard ot' [Midd'etnwn. by 
whom he had one -dn, Mimuv l^thelbert,'' who m. Abby 
('., dan. of .lohn Widlcs of .\iin Arbor, .MicliiLeui , and a 
dan., Marv Sullivan," in. .iaiiiev. miu of Lobert Mi(d;<im 
of I-ondon, KiiLT., d. at Philadelphia, IX-c. l"i, 1-1 I. .Tlic 
next of the (diildren of (\'-n. l',ii-,eis was, •';. ?ilelielabel,' 
b. Dec. -Jl, 177J.m. ^\dlllam I!. Hall. .\1 1 )., of Middletowri, 
il. .\o\'. 1, l-'j:';, a. -■) 1 , leaving, 1. William Prenton''; "2. 
Sainiiid Holden Pardons'' of ihiiuhamptoii, N. \'. (i. 
i'liebe," b. .lin. ".'•"•, 17 7 "i. at N. Ivondon, iii. ^uiiulI Tif- 



.Vi«l>A.^\ 



■ 1') >,'.* 






ir. 



L.V .1* • ■ , I!. I ■ 



•f .•("•, ! \, ■- 












*?7-l • (li nc(il()<siis. [-^uly, 

[i'n, \vm\ ;i (l;ui.,'' ni. to L. T. Clnik of I'iiihi.lcli.liia. 7. 
Suiiiul IImI.I.'U/ li. IX'c. :!l, 1777, in. ]:^.-tlu'r, dau. of 
(.'lies Vv^r dC Middlelown, d. in the West Imlics, leav- 
ing ;i (!:oi.. M;uv Amu,' iii. to Willium C. llainrnct of 
lldwltind, .Me. -'. .M;u-:\r(t Anil/ 'J. ?*Ii\r2ar(>I,M). 1785, 
ni. 1. Sicjihcii ]I:ilili:ird ol' .Middli-towii, wlio sottUnl at 
C^li;uii[uoii. .\. v., whfio he d. 1-^1:.'. 2. AlfVcd Lrxtlirop" 
ol' ('IruiipiiMi and W . CarlliiiL^e, X. V. 

I'M) IV. Tlioiii:i<,' 1). April •J-?, 17:!''. lu. 1. .M;uy (Jibson, and had one 
son, .Tun;ilhan (J.,'' who d. wiilionl is--iic. lie ni. 2. Sarali 
Sawyer of Xewbury, and had, 1. Sarah,' ni. to (Jorhain 
Parsons, late a merchant of J)(jston, \vho>o father was 
hrolher to the late .Tiidci: Tui:ornii.i:s Tau^ons of JjO-s- 
tnii, duseentled from that hraneh of the family settled at 
( ."loiioester, Ms., the aneeslor of whieh was Jeflrey Par- 
.-ons, who-^e pedigree we [iropose to trace liereafter; 2. 
Ann,' m. Fit/-A\'illiam Sargent ol" rdonccslcr, I\Is. ; 3. 

Mary,' m. luMialins Sarirent ; 1. ,' m. Samncl Torrey 

(»f Mu-^idn. 

(3^) V. riichc,' h. at Xewlinryiiorl, Mar(di i'.. 17 1-, m. Capt. Ilben- 
e/er Lane ol" JWislon, had no ehildicn, d. 17^I. 

(;;•)) \\. J.iicia,^ h. at Xcwhnrypori, Dec. 'JL!, 17-7:2, m. Caj)t. Joseph 
Tappan of ihal place, d. there in l^l-:7, a. r.:j, leaving 7 
children; 1. Tliomas 1'/'; :.'. riieljc (iriswold'; 'j. Sarah^; 
!. Jm'im ri!;c''';. ■'>. Kichard"'; (">. Joseph'' ; and 7. Thomas 

r.o-s>iu<.' 

(10) \[\. Lvdia,' I). April "), 17-7-7. in. .^h)ses, son of Hon. Jonathan 
(hcHideaf of Xcwhmyport, Sept. 17, 177G, and had chii- 
dri^n, 1. ?do<es,' •.'. f'larina Vars(jns,' :;. Ehenczer,^ -l. Si- 
mon,' h. Hec. ■'), 17^:!, the distim^aushed attorney and jiro- 
fessor of law in H. C, -7. Jonathan,^ a ck-riryman of 
l!rooklyn, X. V., and anlhor of a memoir of llev. Jona- 
than Parsons in the American Quarterly Fiegi.-ter, also 
of l•^•clesla^tlcal SUetches of Elaine. 



Ilroii Parsons appears on the town records of Springlield, 27. S, 
(■J7 Oct.) l()l-7. How Ioiil: hcfore thai he was resident there does not 
;ip[)ear, tlion'j,ii it i--- ijuite pru'oa'.jlf he wa-; among the first inhabitants. 
M'liether Hi ^-.n were a brother o\: lienjamin and Joseph, or what 
relationshiji he isny liave borne to them, nothing has yet come to our 
knowleil^e to enable us to drtcnnine; yet he was probably the older 
brother ol' lho<e. and sc> wc >hall (anisider him until we are otherwise 
assured. Mr. Par-ons marrietl Man/ Lnris oil the date above incu- 
tioned, by whom he had, 

I. Samiki., b. Oc!. 1. iris, (1. 0>-i. 1, itVll). 

II. .Io<ni!A, b. ( )ct. 'Ji;, K-'iO, d. .bine I, 1('.71. 

.\bonl this point of time began ilie troubles and trials of this devoted 
family, and here, cm the Spiingliel I town recortls stands the following 
sad entry : 

" J'j\///ui Piirstj/is, son of Hugh was killed bv ?ibarv Parsons his wife, 
■1. 1. 1().71." 

Sina:ular as it may now seem, and notwiihstandiuLT the above entry, 
fai-and Ic'dblc at this day upon the records, mi attempt was soon after 
made to throw the cause of liic death of ihc son u[>on the father, aiul 



,Viw>., 



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• • .■ ■'■.;■ ■:'. ■, , . M 



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IV... ' 

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W 7 <,...' i '. . 



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■;: .'.' "' ' ■ : ■■I'll ■ • ■'■ ■. -•. 



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I! i.;vj',...;cj'. '■■ 



i,. ;. . . ;:m.' 'I ■/.;(. ' 

I.. .• :r:) 1 ''. 1 I) ii M<f 

i, Jiu.'ilv; ■, '' ' ;. ' 

. ' .. '1. .5. i! • 
. , : ... I- !. ;.!/ 



1817. 



Ancicid i\unilij llihli' 



tint he had clicctrd it liy wili-li.Tal'l 1 W',- will nul iinw ciil;ir-r (,;i ihis 
subject, :is wo inuposi^ to piililisli at s.omc I'liiim; iimc an ailirlu ou 
witchcrafl in our country, and its uiiliaii|iy ollocts. 

P. S. AVo oriLniially jiitcnilcd to liavo <s\\cn in tliis iiMudnT llic 
Ejeiicalogy of tin: la-aiirh (,1'tlir faimly (.1' l'ai>ons sdtird at ( dnncc-.M. r, 
but for want of room, aiul ^onio material^, aro oldiuod to (bdrr it to :i 
future om> ; laeanwlnb' wa- bopo tbo tl.siaaid.anls of .Ii;(ai:r.v I'ai:-w.n:,, 
(the proi:cuitor of this hrancli.) will f(a\var.l us all the facts they ]'0.s- 
scss concerning' il, that il may he rcMidcrcd as complete as po.-^sible. 
For tlie information of those coiii'i.a-ncd, it mav hi^ piopca- to s!a!e, that 
we luive a copy of the pediiiree which w:is in the pt)ssession ot' ihe late 
William l^irsons, i:~(p, of JJosion, which, lh..n'_'h exten.vive as it re- 
spects the names of the descendants, i^- very dLfective in dales and 
names of pl-acus. In these partical;u-s \\a_- especially want iniormation. 



I ANCIENT f!l!5LK IN POSSKSSION OF WIDOW MT'V WATKRS OF 

I SHARON, MS. 

i 

! It is said that this \VM» was brcMi.dit from Ka-iaiid to Anealci hv the I'il- 

?rnn Fathers, who landed fioni the ship ."\Iavllosver, at I'lvinuath. .AI-" Deeein- 
ber -J?, A. \). Idjo. " ' ' 

The tnle-paire of the Testament^ part uf this llihle is la the t'ohuwin" 
words, vi/. — 



XHSil ^nS^H^^X^ 



OUR LOIU) .1 i:s ( S CMIRIST. 

Coiiferc'd dili^-ontly witli lii<> Civcko and l)est apj)r()vcd 
1raii>lati()iis, in divers Ltiiti;iia<4es. 

Tmi>rlntcd at Lond(,n hy the Deputies of Christopher Ihirkcr, Printer 
■ to the nneens i!ius;t e\ce!!(>nt .Ahijesty. 

A. D. 1592. '■''■-. 



I'nin •^nilia p,iril,<j:io fu^lu M'nin.'alis. 



■* M] the fly-leaves are i:..no iVniii the Ij.-L'iiiniii- of ilic i 'M Teslameiil. a:, we!! ;>. lUc tulo- 
I'ni.'c. 



, .i ,l; , . t 



:27() 



}>it>^iu'/j/tt("/ Xii/ices of 



Tulv, 



FamHii Hi'i'iii-'l in t',,i' liiUr. 

Wo. I^lilr.i iMiiiltniJ ami Il.;tli-!iii;i L<'-!>rockp, were,' inairifd, Soptcmbpr, y' 

Tlh, Aiiiiii Doiiiiiii 171S. (') 

At'L'oiiiit ul till' liiilli-;, (j| all our rliililrcii. 



()iir iViii^IiIci- 1 l-uiii;i'ii. w'ls liorii April y" lOlli 
.losi^|ili w;i-^ liorii l).'ri'iiilK'r y'' 7tli ilav 
Silvaiiii^ was Imrn July y'' Citli day 
XcliL'iiiiali was biirii July y'' 'jyili day 
Laiirana was Imni .Alarcli y'" LMUli clay ■ •■■■ 

Afary was born Aii^Mi^l y'' 1st day 
Klisha was born Ochjbcr y' Glh day 
I.Dis was born January y" "(iih day 
Deborali* was born Xiu-cMidicr y'' IStli day 
Allis was born Noveirdtor y' "'i-l <1:U' 
A/.cnalli was born Si'iitciubt'r y' Mth day 
C'ar|)c'iit('r was boiii b'cbniary y"^ 7lli day 
Abi'j;ail was \]nx\\ .liiui' v'' ■JUlli day 
(.'hidc was burn sjxtb day nC April 
C()ii!rnt, was bdrii Iwciity-brsl day of May 
C'oMtriit d<T'' M\\ \l-l 
Silvaiiiis (U'c'' ibe twi'ltih ibiv of July 



1719 
17-Jl 

1721 

17'JG 

1727 

1720 

1 7:^0-3 1 

1732 

17:51 

173(; 

17:5::-9 

1711 

1713 

17 1-7 



171.7 
1723 



The fom.'oini,' titlt>-i)a'j:i' am! l-'aiailv Ib>u'i~ii"r were tran-eribed for and at the 



request of Akleii Bradlurd, V.-i 



\\\ his lairtible servant 



WILLIAM ELLIS. 



BIOGRAPHICAL XOTin^S OF PHYSICIANS IN 

; Rociii:s'r]':ii, n. ii. ■ •■ 



[ I'or till- .iL'coiiia of ill.' rullowin- Mi.'.li,-;it I'l'iiilcuuMi WO are iiulrliloJ to Dr S.nniu'l Prayd 

Dr. Jinifs. Jfir,[\oH was tlio first jiliysician wlio si»tlled bi Ilochcsler. 
lie wont from Connci'tieiit. but in what year 1)0 wt-nl and Iiow lunjj 
he liyed in the town, is not known. 

J)/: Ji///!'\s Ifjiv was tin; son of J)eaeon TTow of Mcthuen, and biolh- 
er of David How, I'Nq., o!" I bu'L'rbill, AIs. He wont to llooliester 
about ibo year 1777, and practised in his profession till near (he lime of 
his (lealli, in 1^07. Ho was a llej)resentalive to the S'ate LcLrislalure 
several y(>ars, and was eloi-tc'd a member of the N. IT. Meilieal Socie- 
ty ill 17'.) 1, soon after the Charter was granted. \\<^. was also sur- 
geon's male in the army of the llevolntion. He died at tlie a^re of .53. 

/)/•. Stunitrl Pkii/ was born at South lierwiek. Me, July 3, 1709. 
He reeeived his preparatory edueation at Duinmer Aeademy. New- 
bury, Ms., in the years 17^1, 'So, and 'b(i, studied metlioine witli Dr. 
Jacob Kittrcdm' of Dover, tliree years, anil eomnionced the pra.ticc of 

*Tliis Dotior.ili was the iiioilirr nf l!u> AiniTh iii IKroiru". J'), 'iiiiih Sini/>so,i, \vhi>, uiuKt 
till! iKiiiiu (if li-iliiii .s'liiflirlf, s(i-v.'<l alhiut iw.i V'^'is n< >.>liln'r III tlu'armv ol'tlu- Kovoliiiioii, 
in C^apl. Wrlih'.-; roiiipaiiy, I'ol. .Ia(k-.i)ir> Ki'iriiiiciil, and (Ti-ncral raHiTxnTs Iki-Milc. and 
alur an lioiinnilili; (li>i-liar^'o Iroiii itn; CoiiliiUMital army, rctnriK'M ImiiK,' lo Iht iiiollier at 
l'liMi]iti>ii in llic (*lcl Poloiiv ; a-snincl In r li-iiial.- lialiiliiiu'iils, mi. I was marrir.l lo liciiiainiii 
( I'liiuu'l 1)1 Sharon, Ms , in l?"^!, wIrtc s!io iIkiI alioiit u-n y<-'.irs a,'o, aiul w lioii' iKn c ol Ikt 
fliiliircii rc.'ido 111 llio prcsoiil clay. 



(■'., 



) , .,v' - ': (■' 






i 18-17.] 



P/i//siciaiis in RurlirsUr^ X. 11. 



his prulcssion in Soptoml-cr, 17'.)i, :a Jlorh.-Mrr. wlinv l.c has nshicl 
abuiilliliyhve years. HcMiiutfcl with a munlMr ..l' ,,hvM,'i:ni^ in the old 
^/^';';^y;'l ^t'-;'"^'''"! lbll.U'hocouslituleclllu..<tn,iro,cl DiM.ictui'tl.u 
.\. 11. Medical .Society, of wliicli he wa- Srcr.tary veve.al veai-, lie 
was elected a Fellow of the X II. M. :^oc)elv in isiC, un.'i has hecn 
one ol the Censors ll.r Stralloid Dislrit'i. J )c"r. ] I i>-'i he was clecl- 
ccian n;'norary >Ieniberofthe.M..,hcaI.<uc.elyal'l)aitm,,nlhColle''e 
l)r Inaullnj /•, Pnslun Went to llncheMer ni the year IM)7, and re- 
Skied 111 i>.\vn ahum a year, and then letnnird lo '.Xew Jn.su-ich his 
native place. ' 

/>. .A././i yV//.7/,v went to JluchcMcr in i-u7. and resided there till 
Ibl.;, when he inovcd with Ins lanuly to .laiiiev. Jt is not known 
wliere lie re<'<iV(d hi^ education. 

Dr. Asa IW/.oy- xvvnt iVoin Dover, his iiailve place, tn lluchestcr. in 
1-lb, and resided there two years, an,] i!u u r^MnmeJ to Duver, where 
he now resales. J I,, ks the .son of Will, am I'eikins. xvho was a U'cr- 
chanl in Dover, and who died several vea,s .Hure. The Doctor .stncli.-d 
medicine with Dr. Jahex J)uw of DoC-er. lie was bom April -1, 17'J3 
Having abandon.-,l lus profession, he enlere.l into mercantile bnsnuss. 

JM J.nncs J',ino>::n,n\vcnl to J'.ocln-ter m Aii-nst, I^IS. and has 
rcsi.led ni town, t., tins time [1H7|. Jle wa. horn at Conway, Octo- 
tn-i l/.M, and IS the third .son, now Jivin-, of Jeremiah Farrinsiou. late 
ot Conway, who emigrated when a vonn- man from Conconl \. II 



and with several others 



ormea a settlement npoii the lianks of the 




ry a -ramie monument has been er.-cted on the spot where the mas- 
sacro was i-erpetrated, by their snrvivm- rc'lalive.s. He received an 
ucadein.c edncation at i'ryebm- Academy, where in IH I he wa. pre- 
pared to enter colle-e. He commenced ' the .studv of medicine nnder 
the tnitionol Dr. Moses Chandha- of Drvebm-, Me., February, 181o. 
and coneuded lus term of stndy iu,der the instruction of Dr. Jabe;^ 
Dow ol Dover ,n February, IM... He was examined in the science 

medicine and ,sm-ery by the Censors of the N. H. !\Iedical Society, 
Drs. C rosby and Fray, Jtily H, 1^,,, :i„d conimenced practice in Koch- 
ester on ihe^ vih ol Angnst followin- He is a Fellow of llie X II. 
xAbNhcal Society, a,u! has been Cen-.-rand a Counsellor of the .Socie- 
ty, and for .several years Presflent of the Stralh.rd District Society. 

1 lo has been a Kepresentativc am! Senator in ih,. State Leirislatnre, and 
m l,-.,7 was elected a member of the -Joih Con::rcss of tlic United 



■'^r.'^'n. -^'^ ^^^^ '"' ''■•'" •M'P"iiitel bv (he ]:.vecntTve"of the Slat 
of the Trustees ol the .\. H. Asylum for the Insane. 



e one 



Dr i^irrm-ton was marricJ, m l^-.'7, lo .Marv ]).. eldest daughter of 
-Mr. Josoph llan.son uf Fochester, and has f,,nr duldrea livin. 
sons and one daughter, iHinnerly he had .stiu" 
M-hom wrr<' Dr. .lo-ri'h H. S.wilh 



three 
nil in medicine, among 
-,. ,, ,,,. , ,1"' "■■ •"•'ii'ii, now a .su ■ce.s.vl'ul iiraciitioner in 

Dow-r, Dr. Imiothy Upham, an cniuent phvsicuui. late of Waterford, 

n \\r , tt'?" "^ ''"^ ^^'"'- ^"'"'■■^"i^l Fpham,late of Fochester, al.o 
i»r^ Alfred Upham. now a physician in the city ai" \v\v York 

l^r, hamngton has ha,l an ..xtensiv.. Ineinos i,. hi. profession for 
twenty. uve year.s, and has perform, al manv .lillieult sui-ical operations 



\\ y. .•m\v'. 1* ^ v. ■•» »,>.l.i, '? i*'\ 



M,!J Ml > ;('|. .-,• ' i^'l I ■ ''■"■ 






iii, o ••'! •;; 



1,: ",!.■.■ 

-•,1. ,1-.'' 



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27< I . :>L-'i,-!irs of Ahmini [Jul\ 

/)/■. Cilcin Cilfr. J)r. TlfcJ'.,-: WW's, cuul n Dr. Turnrr {\ij\x\ '^[w 
sricliii.vcns, ^ve!lt to JIh/Iic^Ilt ;iiul tiuTn-cl a hlioil time in iT-Jii anil If. 
UDil tlicii ri'liiiin-il tu llii'ir ii:i!n'r towns. 

I)r lli'f'is l\ I'ciui \\;is lioiii at L'anniiii^'loii, I'clj. T,, IS 1 ■'», allC'luic 
Mi'di.'al J.i"'liiirs ;it lliiwdiiiii and 1 );irtiii(jiitli Cullegcs, and -stiula 
iiu'dii-iin' Willi I)r. W'liihl of ( iiliiiaiiloii. IJc roiiiiui'nec'».l [iractioc v. 
JiOC'ln ^lri- ill IhlO, aiiil IjL'iii'.'; uiil ul' health, he left the i)r(jrL-.ssion, at.' 
lias ^oue into trade in th(! village (jI' thai [ihice. 

J)r Jclm \V. J'mi/ is the .^oii ol' Pr. Sauuicl Pray of llochestcr, \s'il; 
wlioni he studied iiici-liciiic. 1 le was bcjiu in Roclicsler, Angiist, Itll 
attended .Medical Leeinres ai ] ):irtiiioMili College, coiainenced tli. 
practice ol" his iiruCession in 1 'ariiiejlon, in ]^10, and contimied at llui' 
l)lace three years, wdieii he ietnuied to J'lochesler and went into prai 
tiee wil li his lather. 

Dr. lliilitir.l Jur<si/ moved I'roin Great Falls village to Hochesle;- 
al)Oiit the year I'-l 1, and resided in town about three years, and tliei, 
returnetl to (.'real l-'alls, in \>-\ 1. Jt is not known when he began tli-. 
|iraeliee of his (irol'essiun, iiur what was his ediieatiou. 

J)r. J''rviiii''li durluiid was born at StralJbrd, Se}it. 23, ISlo, aiie 
COiniiUMua'd the [iractice ol" his [aof'essiou at riOclicstcr, ill Itll. 11. 
alleiuled Medieal Lecturi s at ?New ^'ork, in the old medical and siiriii- 
cal iiistitulion, and obtained the decree uI' ^1. D. at that iii.stiliitioh. 
lie studied medicine with J)rs. Cliadbourne and llayiies of Concord. 



SKETClli:S OF ALI'AIM AT 'J"nh: J)1FFEUEMT COLLEGE,- 

IN Ni'jw j:xgland. 

HON. NATH-VN Wll.^'J'ON OF Al'GUSTA, ME. 

John AVr.sTD.N, iVuiii whom the subject (d' this nieinoir is the 
roiirlh ill ch'.-ceiit, came iVoiii Jjiiekiii^hainshire in I'^iigland to thi- 
country, ill Hi!!, at tin; ul;!; of lo. After residing a few yt-'ars 
in SaU'iii, he purchased a Uael of land in what \6 now South Read- 
ing", Ms., to wliieji he removed, and where he spent IJie residue of his 
days. He died in IT.'io ; l.)eing mon; tlip.n 90 years of ago. It i.- 
noted oil his gravestone, that he was one of liie founders of the 
church in lieading. A pari o{ his estate remained in llu' hands ol 
his [loslerity lor over one hundred years. Slephen, his son, was a 
pious, iiidiistrioiis, and respectable man. He had a farm in Read- 
ing, where he died in J 7oo, at the age of SS. 

Slcphen, his son, became the owner of a farm in Wihningtoii, 
JNIs. lie was a leading man lliere, distinguished I'or his pit'ly, and 
was for many years Deacon of the church in that town, wdicre he 
died in 177(), in his '>Ist \v\\\\ Nathan, liis fifth son, was born at 
Wilmington, in 1710. Jle married Mlisabeth, the mother of the 
subject of this Memoir. 81u" \\ a.- the daughter o( Samuel .l^an- 
crofl, y.>'[.^ of Reading, w!io repre-enled that town for manv years 
in the CJencral Court, and sister of the late I\cv. Dr. Bancroft of 
^^'orce.-ler. He (Nathan) removed to that -part of llallowell which 
)s now Augusta, in Maine, ihen a i)art of .Massacdniselts, in J 7^1. 
lie was I'or several years in the State uovernmenl o( .Massailmselts. 



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lS-17.] at f/ic Jiifcrciil Collvi;-cs in Xi u- lliiij,hiitd. ;27'.) 

brliii,''. at (lillriLiil liiiii's, a iiu'iiibrr (;| iln- jldii.-c, Sfiialr, aiifl 
Council (jf llial Coiiiiiioiiwcallli. JI'' died in l^iJ'i, ;il llic a(Uaiii-i-cl 
age ol' nearly 'Jo yrar.s. 

Nathan Wkstun, his son and llio sul>jcct ol this .Memoir, was 
born at lIallo\\cll, now Aiii,'ii~ta, .Inlv --7. I7^:i. \\v \){\\-\\ri\ his 
studies, pri'p'aralorv '>■> his enlerin^ eulu'i.M', at ilallowell Aeadenu', 
under the three llun ol the hiie l'rei-e|)lor .Moody. lie was L;ra(hi- 
ated at Darlinoulli C'ollem', in I'^do. lie went ininiedialely into lln- 
j ritndy ol' the \:\\\\ Alter reading a lew hienihs with IJenjainiii 
{ A\'hitwell, i'l-q., I'l .\.n;u'ii>l:i' he eiilereil lln' (uiiee ol" (u'orge Hlake, 
1 Esi]., Attorney lor tlie United ^^latl -, lor ihe -Ma>sac-liusells Distriet. 
\ at IJoslon, where he proseeu'.etl his stiulie.-. until his atlnii.->:^ion to 
I the har, in the eoiintv oC Siiiiolk, in .lul\'. i^Oi). 

I lie' M)o\\ alter opened an ollice at AiiL'U.-la. but in .Marc-h, ]'^IJ7, 

removed to New (doueester, in tlie iM)unl\' ol ( "ninlierland, where 

i he continueil in lull ])raeliee in his prore.--ion ihrer years, reprcsejit- 

i ing tliat town in I'^O'-i, in the ( Jenei'al Court ol' .MassaelutscU-. in 

i June, J^0!>, he ueirried Paulina J]., tlaii^hler of the lion. Danii-j 

i Conv, and relnrnc,! to Augn-Ia, in .Mareh, 1 '^•10, \\ ln'i'e he now 

(]'il7) resides. lie continued the praeliee ol' tlii' law until the lull 

of ["^ll, when he was made Chier-Ju>!ie'e of the' (Circuit Court of 

Common IMeas lor the Seeond h^aslern Cireuit of .Massaehusetts. 

in whieh he eontinued to (.Wlieiate until tlu' separation of IMaiiii-. in 

I lS*-20. He then f)eeame one o'i the JiuL'es iif i1k' Supreme Juilieial 

Court, and in (Jelober, l^oL he was ap|)oin;e(_l Chii-|-,!u>liee ol that 

Stale, whieh olliee he lield till Cetober, 1^11, when his tt'rm ol 

olliee expired. In l^ol, the ln)norary dii^ree of Doctor ol Laws 

was conferred upon him at Dartmouih College, and allerwards at 

;■ Waterville and Ijowdoin Colleges, .Maine. 

In i'V'ljruary, l"^'io, at a general uu'eiinLT of the members of both 
houses of the I j"gi-lature, then silling in i'orlland, without di.stine- 
lion ol })artv, he was with great unanimilv nominated lor llu: olhee 
of Clovernor, but preferring lo reinain u\\ the bench, lie tleclincd the 
nomination. 

Judge Weston has four sons ; Nathan, Daniel Cony, wiu) mar- 
ried .Mary C. North, granddaughter of t!ie late Ceneral William 
North of New York, Ceorge Melville, and Charles. The lirr^t three 
were educated at I]ow(U)in College, and are now in the practite ol 
law; one in Augusta, ou<' in Orono, and om^ in A'assalborough, in 
Maine. His third .-on, Ceorge .MeUille, is Altor-ney for the State 
for the county t)f K'ennebi'c. Charles, hi- lourili son. has been a 
midshipman in the Navv of the liiiled Slales. Of his daughters, 
Paulina Conv died in l":^:.'!', aged two \ears. Tv>"o survive, namely. 
Catharine Mariin and Loui.-a Matilda. 

Cliief-Justiee Weston is not known as the aiuhor of any i)ub- 
lished work, bi'vaid an oeeasit)nal oraiion or acklress, in his 
younger da\s; but ihe di'eision> of the Supreme Court ol .Alaine, 
now extended lo aliout IwenlN volumes, aie tilled w ilh leirnl t)pin- 
ions drawn i)y him, whieh will rtauain a monumiait ol his learning 
and inilustry. 



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IIO\ KKIlARIi LAW OF M;\V 1.0.\Iu..\, CT. 
['J'liis uicnuiir was ubtaiiK-d lliruuL'h llir iii^Iruiin-iitality ol I'ml. Kui^'-lcy ol" Vulc College ] 

UiciiAKi) liAW \\a> a >()ii o( llii' Hon. Juiialhan Law, (lovcnioi 
of C\)iiin'(ticail, and was Ix^ni at .Millurd, on llic JTlli ol March. 
17oo. Ho was iclucatrd al Vale (\»llci;(', w licrc lie was ^radualci! 
ill 17";!, and where also la; received die dei.;ri'c ot LL. 1). ]niii;(- 
diately afU'r i^n-adualiiiL;, lie enlered upon the study ol die law, in lln 
olllee and under the- iiisiruetion of thai aide jurist and aeeoii)[)li>hcd 
lawyer, llic Jlon. .Iare<l liii^'ersoll ; and alter a course of ^ludic- 
usual at that day, he was, soon alter the ai:e of lM, udmitled to tiii' 
bar, at New Haven; and iinniedialely removed, and selded at New 
London, where he became liiii;hly dislingui.-hed in hi- [iiorcs>ioii. A> 
an advocate at iIk.- bar, his .style was pure and correct, but not c-opit/U.- 
and liowini,'. He was distinguished more as a learnctl lawyer, a 
cU).-ie lo^dclan, a fair special i)leader, than an cKupicut orator. Hi.-, 
talents were Ijcttcr ailaj)ted to a court than a jurv. He i)o>.-cssi'c] 
a discrimination, and power of seeing antl sei/ini: the i^reat point 
in the i-ase — the point on whicli it must turn : and by a course ol 
spi'cial i)leadings — by drawiiii^^ on the '• //r(//7i7////i;,s af (he lau\' 
he had a faculty of ])resenting his point, bv ibrmin,i,'an issue in lav. 
lor the decision of tla" court, most iavorably lor his client ; and on 
such i>sues, from the loi^dcal structure o[' his mind, lie was powcr- 
i'ul. Jb'wa< thoroui:hly read in the ancient I'ln^'ji-h law author- 
ities ; and lew American lawyers or juri-ts, cl his d:i\- and aije. 
belter understood the fzreat j)riiici[)les of the l^iiLdish comnKdi law, 
or could better discrindnate between such of tho.-e principles as 
were applicable to the genius o( a ri'publican government, and such 
a.s W(n"e not, than Judge I..aw. Tlio-t' which he atiopied lornicd. 
as it respected the common hiw, the j)olcsiar of his judici;il 
decisions. 

After a full and lucratiye ])ractice of several years, in consequence 
of ill health, he was induced to ri-liiupiish the bar, and accept a 
seat as Chief-Judge on the J^'nch of the ('onni\ Court for the 
county of New liondon. This olTiee he held until ^lay, 17^A. 
wdien he was aj^pointed one of the Ju(]ges of the Sui)erior Court. 

In Abi\', 177d, h(! was chosen an Assistant, a member of tin- 
Council or up[)er house of Assembly, wdiich olllee he held by an- 
nual elections of the freemen, until May, J 7^0, wluai an act wa^ 
})assed excluding Judges bom a seal in the 1 iCgh-laturc. 

In 1777, it is Ijclievcd that al i\lay ses>ion, he w as ap])ointed b_\ 
the CJcncral Assend)ly a member of Congri'ss; and contiimi^l with 
little, if any intermission, a member of that body until 17^:2. 

On granting the charter to die city of Xew London, he was by 
the freemen in March, 17S1, unanim(Ml^ly i ln>>en Mayor; wlii( h 
olllee he held until his death — a lu-ricd of nearly twcniv -two ycar^. 

On the relurn of peaci^, after the Ib'volution, lu' was a]ipoinlcd 
with the Hon. Ivoger Sherman, to revise' the i-oile of Statute Law.- 
of the State. This code had not bi'cii revised for thirty years, and 
had accumulated to a ijrcat size, from the iireat \aricly ol' statute- 



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1S17.] at the dij/croU CoUvtj^cs in Xcu- Kii;j^l(iiui. 281 

etiiictrd in llie nncrgciicicri of the U(!vc)Iuti()ii. In its sulijccls i)f cor- 
rection, a work of i^neat interest and iinportanee, it recpiirecJ no 
small ability so to select and di.-criniinale as lo ^'ive iu)iver.-al ?alis- 
faction. In the dischari^c of wliieli tinty lie diseoviTcd i^ri'at knowl- 
edge ol" the science oC legislatidn, and the true principles ol national 
gova-rnincnt. 

In iMay, 178i), he was appointed Cliief-.Indf^e of the Superior 
Court; and conlinnetl in thai oJllce luitil the adoption of the Con- 
stitution of the rnitcd States; when being by Pre-ident \Va>hing- 
ton ai)[H)intcd J)istrict Judge ol" the District of Connecticut, in Oc- 
tt)ber, 17"^9, he resigned the former and accepted the latter, which 
lie Jield until his death, which oeenrred at Xew Tjondon, .Ian. :i(j, 
I80(i, in the 7ord year of his age. 

Judge Law lived in an evenllid period of his country, and of the 
world ; and the many and various iinpt)rlaiit ollices which he held 
and honorably sustained through the (.■our>e of a long life, belter 
bespeak, than language can e\[)ri"ss, the character, the worth, and 
merits of the man. 

Hi:V. NAl'IITAI.I .SIIAW OF BUADFOHI), VT. 

NAPirrALi SiiAW was born at Bridgewater, Ms., June i20, 17(31, 
and was the fourdi son of his i)arents. His father, who was by 
occupation a taniua- and shoemaker, was William Shaw, who lived 
in Bridgewater, and married Hannah, daughter of Samuel \\'est, 
who was a Di'acon o{ the Congregational Church in that ])lace, anel 
lived to bo more than eighty years of age. He had live sons and 
six: daughters. Al the age ol lifteen the subject of this Memoir 
enlisted as a soldier in tlu; Revolntionary army, and went with oth- 
ers to take Rhode Island, which was in 177!) in possession oi the 
British, but he did not continui' long in the servici', the object being 
accomplished. He prepared for college under the instruclions of 
Dr. Crane, a i)hysician of Tiliciit Parish, and the Rev. Dr. Recti of 
West Bridgewater. In 17^^(5, he entered the Freshman Class of 
Dartmouth College, and graduated there in 1700, After receiving 
his bachelor's degree, he taught school at l^aston, Ms., and at lx)slon, 
as an assistant of Mr. Caleb r>ingliam, an instructor of much 
celebrity. His theological course t)f study was j)ursui'd under the 
direction of the Rev. Dr. Sanger of Bridgewater, who was in the 
habit of etlucating yoiuig men tor the ministry. He was approbated 
to preach the gi)s])cl, as it was then called, by the Plymouth Asso- 
ciation of Ministers, Aug, 1, 179:2. Jan. oO, J79o, he was ordained 
Pastor of the church in Kensington, N. H., where he remainetl till 
Jan. L'). ISDJ, when lu^ was dismissed on accouiU of ill ln'allh. His 
ministry was |)acilic and useful; [teace and harmony were restored, 
and the cause of educ-alion, morals, and religion promoted. His 
health was such, that upon resignation, he retired from the mini>iry, 
anil devoted himself to agricidtural pursuits, having purchascLl a lann 
in the town of Bradford. \'^t., where he still lives in the injoyment of 
his bodily and mental powers, to a :rood decree, at the a^^e ot ^1 years. 
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2S2 Sketches of Alumni [July, 

Mr. Shaw married, June 10, 1798, Mary Crafts, daughter of Dr. 
John Staples Crafts of Bridgewater, who was to liim a great bless- 
ing. " The greatest blessing," said Martin Luther, " with which a 
man can be favored is a pious and amiable wile, who fears God 
and loves her family, with whom he may live in peace, and in 
whom he may repose confidence." The wife of Mr. Shaw died 
Jan. 14, 1840. Their children were four; — Thomas Crafts, living 
in Bradford, Vt., a farmer, and a deacon of the church in that j4ace, 
who married Sarah Jenkins, by whom he has two daughters, Sarah 
Jane and Mary Ann ; Eliza Park, who married Dea. RandcU H. 
Wild of West Fairlee, who died in ]?radford, Dec. 22, 1811, leav- 
ing two daughters, Elisabeth and Emily; Samuel West, who mar- 
ried Jerusha Bliss of Fairlee, and died March 12, 1832, lea'.ing no 
child; Mary Ann, who died July 12, 1808, in childhood. 

HON. NAHUM MITCHELL OF PLYMOUTH. 

Nahum Mitchell was born in East Bridgewater, Feb. 12, 1769. 
His father was Gushing Mitchell, son of Col. Edward, gran^'-on of 
Edward, and great-grandson of Experience, who was one of the 
Pilgrim forefathers, and arrived at Plymouth in the third ship, the 
Ann, in 1623. They all lived and died in East Bridgewater, on the 
spot which their descendants now occupy. His mother was Jennet, 
daughter of the Hon. Hugh Orr, from Lochwinioch, Co'uity of 
Renfrew, Scotland, who married Mary, daughter of Capt. Jonathan 
Bass of East Bridgewater, whose father was Dea. Samuel Bass of 
Braintree, whose father was John, who married Ruth, dau^liler of 
the Hon. John Alden, the Pilgrim ; and John's father was Dea, 
Samuel Bass of Braintree, (now Quincy.) Capt. Jonathan Bass's 
wife was Susanna, daughter of Nicholas Byram of East Bridgewa- 
ter. whose wife was Mary, daughter of Dea, Samuel Edson of 
West Bridgewater, and whose father, Nicholas Byram, married 
Susanna, daughter of Abraham Shaw of Dedham. 

Cushing Mitchell's nuother was Elisabeth, daughter of Elisha 
Gushing of Hingham, a descendant from INIatthew Cushin<i one of 
the first settlers in Hingham, and ancestor of all of the name in this 
part of the country, and whose father was Peter Gushing of Hing- 
ham in England. Matthew's wife was Nazareth, daughter of Hen- 
ry Pitcher. Matthew's son Daniel married Lydia, daughter of 
Edward Gilman, ancestor of all ihe Caimans in New England. 
Daniel's son Daniel, father of Elisha, married Elisabeth, daughter of 
Capt. John Thaxter of Hingham, son of Thomas, the ancestor of all 
the Thaxters in this vicinity. Capt. John Thaxter's wife was Elis- 
abeth, daughter of Nicholas Jacob, or Jacobs, of Hingham. 

Col. Edward Mitchell's mother was Vhce, daughter of Ma;. Jolin 
Bradford of Kingston, son of William, Di'puty-Covernor, and grand- 
son of William Bradford, the Governor. The (jiovernor's wife 
Wis widow Alice Soulhworth, lier maidrn name Carpenter. Wil- 
liam the Deputy's wife wa^^ Alice, daughter of Thomas Richards 
ol Weymouth. Maj. John's wife was Mercy, daughter of Joseph 



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1847.] at the different Colleges in New England. 283 

Warren, son of Richard Warren, and his wife Elisabeth, from 
London. .Joseph's wife was Priscilla, daughter of John, and sister 
of Eld. Thomas Faunce of Plymouth. Col. Edward MitchelFs 
mother, after the death of his father, married Dea, Josliua Hersey of 
Hinghara. 

The subject of this IMemoir prepared for college with the Hon. 
Beza Hayvvard, in Bridgewater, and entered Harvard College, July, 
1785, where he graduated in 1789. He kept school at Weston, 
while in college, and a few times after graduating, in Bridgewater 
and Plymouth ; and was engaged in instructing part of the time 
while attending to his professional studies. He read law with the 
Hon. John Davis, Judge of the District Court of Massachusetts, 
lately deceased in Boston, but then living in Plymouth, his native 
place. He was admitted to the bar, Nov. 24, 1792, and settled in 
the practice of the law in East Bridgewater, his native ])lace. 

Judge Mitchell was Justice of the Circuit Court of Common 
Pleas for the Southern Circuit, from 1811 to 1821, inclusive, being 
Chief-Justice during the last two years of that tin^e. He was Rep- 
resentative to General Court from Bridgewater se^en years between 
179S and 1812; Representative in Congress from Plymouth District 
two years, from 1803 to 1805; Senator from Plymouth County two 
years, 1813 and 1814; Counsellor from 1814 to 1820, inclusive ; 
Treasurer of the Commonwealth five years, from 1822 to 1827 ; 
Representative to General Court from Boston, 1839 and 1840, in 
which place he then resided. He was appointed by the Governor 
one of the Commissioners for settling the boundary lines between 
Massachusetts and Rhode Island ; and afterwards, for settling the 
line between Massachusetts and Connecticut; and was Chairman 
of the first Commissioners for exploring and surveying the country 
from Boston to Albany for a railroad route, 1827, and is a mem- 
ber of the Massachusetts Historical Society, and has been Libra- 
rian and Treasurer of that institution. He was also several years 
President of the Bible Society in Plymouth county. 

Judge Mitchell married, in 1794, Nabby, daughter of Gen. Silva- 
nus Lazell of East Bridgewater, and has 5 children, Harriet, Silva- 
nus L.. Mary Orr, Elisabeth Cushing, James Henry. Harriet 
married the Hon. Nathaniel M. Davis, Esq., of Plymouth ; Silvanus 
L. married Lucia, daughter of Hon. Ezekiel Whitman of Portland, 
Me., Chief-Justice of Court of Conmiou Pleas; Mary O. married 
David Ames, Jr., Esq., of Springfield; Elisabetli C. married Nathan 
D. Hyde of East Bridgewater ; James Henry tnarried Harriet La- 
vinia, daughter of John Angicr of Belfast, Me., and is a merchant in 
Philadelphia; Silvanus L. was graduated at II. C, 1817, and he 
and his brother-in-law, Hyde, went into business as n\erchant3 at 
East Bridgewater, and thence removed to Boston. 

Judge Mitchell wrote a short History of Bridgewater, which was 
published in 1818, in the Collections of the Massachusetts Historical 
Society, Vol. VII., 2nd series. He has since published an enlarged 
History ■ f the Early Settlement of that Town, with a particular 
Gcnealoj j or Family Register of the Early Settlers. 



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234 Advice of a (hjint;- Fatlicr to his Son. [July, 

ADVICE OF A DYINC FATHER TO HIS SON. 

Datei] January "JT, ITl'j. 

[The Ibllowiii- iirticlL' wus ii.l(!rr-si-(l liy ilir lii-v M'llliani Iinililt' of Ciim'iricli'e to Wil- 
liiiiii Hr.iltlc, Ills .-oil ;iin! only I'liiKI who 1im-i1 lo ui.ilurily, wliile In- vva^ |iri.'|>;inii:.' lor (■ollc;,'e 
Till-' iiillicr \v;i.>i a man (li>liiii;iii-'lii'il lor " piciy, wisdom, unci chariiv ; ' ami ihi' mui " was a 
man 01 cxiraordinary lalciils ami charavli-r, aici'iilahlc as a pri-Mrhtr, cnnnL'nt a^ a lawyer, 
Cflchrali d a-* a physn-ian " lie was a Major-' iuiierul in liie uiiliUa.aml inucli in puliiic ollice. 
Rl.iy it not l)c sii|)i)0>cd that this ji Uornal Advice from an alieclioiiatc f.ahiT to a sou of lilial 
alh'i'tion and an o'lcHlicnt disposition, had L'real eli'ecl in making' him what he \va> '. For this 
and sevenil other arlicle> of an aiUiiiiiarian nature we are iiideblid to Charle-) Kwer, Esq.] 

1. Agreeably to what is written 1 Cliron. xxviii, 9, My dear Son, 
know thou the God of thy father, iK: serve him with a jierlect heart, and 
with a wilh'ng mind. li' thou seek him, he will Ije foniid of thee ; but 
if thou forsake liini, he will east thee olf for ever. 

2. Think often of thine own frailty, and of the uncertainly and emp- 
tiness of all Siibhmary Enjoyments. Value not Self upon riches. 
Value not thy Self njion any worldly advaneement whatsoever. Let 
faith and Goodness lu' thy treastire. Let no happiness content and 
Sattislie thee bnt what stciires the favour and peace of God unto thee. 

3. Remember thy baptism, ai'cpiaint thy Self well with tlie nature 
and obligations of tliat Ordinanee. Publiekly renew thy baptismall 
Covenant. Renew it Seasonably in thy early Days with humility and 
thirsty desires to enjoy Comnumioii with God in the ordinance of llie 
Lord's Supper and in all Approaches hrfore God therein bringing faidi 
and Love and a Self abasing Since of thine own Emptiness and 
unworlhyness. 

4. Prize and Esteem the holy word of G'od infmitly before the finest 
of Gold. Reverence it with thy whole heart, read it constantly with 
seriousness, and sjreat delight. IMeditale much upon it, make it thy 
Guide in all thy wayes, felch all thy Comforts from thence, and by a 
religious and holy walk, establish tliiiie Interest in the blessed and 
glorious Promises therein contained. 

5. Remember the Sabbath day to kee[) it holy. Reverence God's 
Sanctuary. In prayer, in Singing, in hearing God's wortl Read or 
preached, and in every public administration Wait upon God with 
outward Reverence itnd true devotion in thine heart. Remembering 
that liolyncss for ever becomes God's house. When in thy more pri- 
vate retirements. Still let it be thy Care to Sanctifie God's Sabbath. 
Be watchfull therefore over thine heart ami over thy thoughts. Call 
to mind and run over what ihon hast heard in God's house. Read 
Savoury books. Catechise thy Self, and others too when God gives 
Opportunity. 

G. Take care of tliy liealth, avoid all E.xcess in eating and in drink- 
ing, in taking thy ])leasnre, and in all innocent Recreations whatsoever. 
Let not immoderate heatt and Colds needlessly Expose thy body. 

7. Beware of Passion. Let not Anger and Wrath infect thine heart, 
snfler wrong with Patience, Rather tlian to right thy Self by unchris- 
tian methods, or by siitrerin'j thv spirit lo be out of frame. 

8. Labour to establish thy Self and begg of God that he would 
Establish thee in the grace of Chastity, keep thine heart clean and 
Chast, keep thy Tongue clean and Cliast, keep thine hands clean and 
Chast, keep thine Eyes clean and Chast. Xever trust to thy Self to 
l)e thy kee[)er, avoid temptations lo uiicleaness ol' every nature, be 



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^^■l'^-] Rrlationship. 285 

i 

j watchfull over Ihy Self night and day, hut in ilic mulst of all Let 
tlnne iioart be with God, and ho thou much in ..niyer. that (Jud would 
bo thy keei)er. Let all the iucenlives to Lust at;' fair as may he be 
\ avoided by thee. ^ 

9. Speak the Tiuth ahvayes. Let not a Lve delile thv Lips be 
j content with Sniienn- rathe.- than by telliii- the Least LiJ to s'lve 
[ thy Self. Beware of Shiiiihng ..if bv disimulaiion. 

K) Let Pride be au abomination in thv Si-ht. Cloth lliv>elf with 
humility. Let liumihly be thiuc under Gaiinent. Lei humililv be 
thine upper Cnxrment. 

11. Despise no man, let the State of his Lodv or mind or other eir- 
ciim.-taiices of his. be what they will, still reverence huuianitv, consider 
who made tlice to dilier. 

12. J]e just to all men; be thou courieous and alfable to all men • 
render not Lvil for Evil, but recompense evd with Good. Owe no 
man any thing but Love. 

10. Be thou compa:>sionate, tender hearted, and mereirull ; do good 
to all men, be rich in good works, ivadv to tlistribtite. willimr to com- 
municate ; for with such sacrifices God is evermore well pleased. 

11. Avoid sloth and idleness, give thy Self to thy Sludys ; converse 
with such Authors as may tend to make thee wise and gootl and to 
forward thy growth in true wisdom and goodness. 

I5._ Acquaint thy Self with Ilistorv ; know something of the Math- 
cmaticks. and Physick; be able to keep Accompts Merchant like in 
some measure; but let Divinity be thy main Study. Accomplish thy 
Self for the worke of the Ministry, be-g of God tliat he would in- 
cline thine heart therio, and accept thee theriu. and if it shall please 
God thus to Smile iij^on thee, aspire not after great things; let the 
Providence of God chuse for thee, and let the Flock have the Love of 
thy heart; be Solicitous for their Spirituall good, and for the glory of 
God; and let thy Aims be this way in all thy i>rivale meditatious, and 
public aihninistrations, all the daves of thy Life. 

:My dear Child, be of a Cathojick Spirit. 



KELATIO-XSIIIP. 

In old wills and other old documents the word a)u.«,i is sometimes used for m,,hiic 
and thus many errors may occur in Iracin- out genealo^es. Many curious c.i-es of 
relationship will be lound to exist by tlio^e that investigate the descent of lunnlies. 
some of vyhich cannot be described by the terms we n..w use to desi-nate corisan- 
guinuy. It IS surimsui-, that anion;,' the many words liiat have been coined, some 
new terms have not come into use as substitutes for the awkward way we now have 
of namm- soirie of our re!;Uives ; such as L're.tt-t;reat--ivat -landfalhor, -reat--reai--reat- 
uncle, \c. the loUowin- curious case was taken fiom a newsnaner ; whether the 
account is correct or not, the reader may see that it may be true. 

"ci man can be his own graml father. 

'• A widow and her daugiiter-in-law and a man and his son — the widow maniod the 
son, the daughter the father; the widow was mother to her husbands father and -v.\\v\- 
mother to her husband ; they had a son to whom she wa-; ;,'reat-<;rar)dmother. .Now as 
the son of a great-ijraiuiniuther must be either a mandf.nher or -reat-uncle, the boy 
must be one or the other. This was the case of a boy in Connecticut."' 



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2^G Decease of the Falhers of Kcw England. [Jnly, 

DECEASE OF THE FATHERS OF NEW ENGLAND. 

C'liruiioli)i;ically arranged, 
(tjonimued fruin p. 71.) 

10 13. 
Oct. 11, llev. Henry Green of Fieading. 

IG-l'J. 

March 2G. Gov. John AVinthrop of Boston, b. Jan. li, 155S, d., a. 61. 
Aug. 23, Rev. Tliomas Shepard of Cambritlge, b. Nov. 5, 1C05, d., a 
■11. 

1 G-jO. 

Sept. 11, Alhertoa Hough of F)Oston, an Assistant. 

IGol. 

Aug. — , WiUiani Thomas, an Assistant of Plymouth Colony, d., a. 
77. 

' ■ lGo2. 

Aug. 21, Adam AViathrop, Esq., of Boston, d., a. 33. 
Se[)t. 11, Capt. Bozouu Allen of Bo■^ton, formerly of Hingham. 
Dec. 23, Rev. John Cotton of Boston d., a. G7. ( Tiie old -'Boston 
Book" says, ^h. Cotton d. loth of lOih ujontli.) 

1 Go3. 

Jan. 16, Capt. William Tyng of Boston, Treasurer of the Colony. 
July 31, Gov. Thomas Dudley of Roxbury d., a. 77. 

Ftev. Nathaniel Ward, first minister of Ipswich, d. in Eng- 
land, a. S3. 

Nov. 8, Rev. Jolin Lotlirop of Ijarnstable. 
Oct. 8, Hon. Thomas Flint of Concord. 

IGol. 

Jan. — , John Glover of Dorchester, an Assistant. 

Gov. John Haynes of Hartford, Ct. 
July 23, William Hibbins, an Assistant, d. at Boston. 
Dec. 9, Gen. Edward Gibbons of Boston. 

1GJ5. 

JMay 8, Edward Winslow of Plymouth d. on board the Fleet, a. Gl. 
July 3, Ptov. Nathaniel Rogers of Ipswich d., a. Gl. 

Rev. Daniel iMaud of Dover, N. II. lie had taught a school 
for some years in Bostun before he went to Dover. 

Henry Wolcott, the ancestor of tlie governors of Connecti- 
cut by this name, d., a. 78. 

IGoG. 

Capt. Miles Standish of Duxbury d , a. ab. 72. 
Capt. Robert Bridges of Lvnn, an Assistant. 
1G68? Rev. Peter Prudden of Miltbrd, Ct., d., a. .5G. 
IMarch 23, Capt. Robert Keaiiie, merchant in Bostun. 
('ct. 22, Rev. James Noyes of Newbury d, a. 18. 






..;j,,n 






j 1847.] Decease of the Fal/ters of Xoc E,ii;la,id. 287 

I ■ lGo7. 

I Jan. 7, Gov. Thcophilus E:\toii of Connecticut d., a. OG. 

I IMarcli — , Gov. Edward Ilo[)kiii.s d. in London, a. o7. 

I George Feawick, the first settler of Saybrook, d. in 

J Eni,dand. 

} May 9, Gov. William Bradford of riymoiUh, d., a. G'J. 

I IG-^S. 

I Rev. Ralph Partridge of Dnxbiiry. 

i John Coggan of Bo.stou. 

\ IG.j'J. 

\ Feb. 27, Rev. Henry Dunster of Scitiiate d., (Iniried at Cambridge.) 

j March 9, Rev. Peter Pulkley of Concord d., a. 7 7. 

; April 10, Rev. Edward Norris of .Salem d., a. ab. 70 

I Se[)t. 29, John Johnson of Pioxbiiry. 

' IGGO. 

! Oct. IG, Rev. Hugh Peters executed in England, a. Gl 

IGGl. 

[ Jan. 23, Rev. Ezckiel Rogers of Rowley, a. 70. 

j Se[)t. 17, Maj. Gen. Humphrey Atherton of Dorchester. He was 

\ killed by a fall from his horse on Boston Common, when on his return 
from a military review on the Common. ]\Ir. Savage and the inscrip- 
tion on his tombstone say, that he died on the ICth, but other author- 
ity,* and incontrovertible, says, on the " I7th at about 1 o'clock, al'lcr 
midnight." 

Dec. 2S, Rev. Timothy ])alton of Hampton d., a. ab. ^4. 

IGC.2. 
March 1, Rev. R:U[ih Smith d. at J^oston. 

March o6, Ptcv. Samuel Hough, minister of Reading, d. in Boston. 
June 11, Sir Henry Vane executed in England, a. -A). 
Oct. — , W'lUiam l*yncliuii d. at AX'raisbury, Ihicks, a. 72. 

IGGL!. 
, Thomas Cauiock, ne[ihew of the Earl of Warwick, d. in ."^car- 
borough. Me. If he is the same who is nameil in the 2nd charter of 
Virginia, 1G09, he v.-as quite advanceel in years. 

Rev. Richard Denton of Stamford, Ct., [ab. ICi".3 ] 
A[)ril .J, Rev. John Norton of Boston, a. ijl . 
June VI, Rev. .lohn Miller d. at Groton. 
July C), Rev. Siniuel Xewman of Rehoboth, a. iC)o. 
July 20, Rev. Samutl Sioni; of Hartlord. . ■ . 

IGGo. , , 

Jan. 9, Ptcv. Samuel I^aton of New Haven. 
March 1-3, Gov. John Endecoit of J>oslon, a. 77. 

July 1-J, Ca[)t. Pichartl Davenport, kilhfd by lightning at Cattle 
"Wdliam, a. o'.'. 

llcv. Adam Dlackman o\^ Stratford. 
• Dr. ,li)hii (lark of Hoslon, a. Gii. 

* MS. Mi'iuor.ilKlii::i d" (".i|)l. .I.'liii llnl!. liiuili- .il li.i- Umc .lliil j/fi mtVcJ ailluUi,' \.\\k: 
Srw.ill iMi.<T>. ■flu' li. .^!. Ml K.'.-onl> .i!-,. -.ly .->•;•! IT 



'::\y\ 






2SS Xcic Enirlnnd. [July, 



NEW EXCLANI). . ■ j 

Tlio following' is an pxtraci from -'A nrw diisckii'tion of the world, — 
Loruloii, printt'il for Hen. Uliodes, ne.vl door to the Swan Tavern, near HriJes- j 

Lane, in Fleet- Stu-ct, Itis'.i."' j 

NEW KXa LAM), an /.'/iii/iv/t Colony in America, is lioun led on the North- • 

East with Xnnnii'jc:.:na. mi the !Southwe->t with Sounm Jiclirtum ; and on the ' i 

otiier parts by the Woods and Sea eoasl ; scitiiate in tlie middle of 'J'emperate 
Zone, between the lie.rrees of 41 and 4 1, equally distant from the Artiek Circle, i 

and the Tropiek of Cancer: wiiich renders it very temperate and very aineeable < j 

to the Constitution of Kivjli.sh Bodies, the Soil beinir alike P'ruitful, if not in 
some plaees exeeedum our.- ; all soits of C!rain and Fruit tr»'e.s common with u.s 
growing kindly l!u':e; Ttie Woods there are very j^rreat, wherein for tlie most 
pait the Native //i(/ni/iv dwell Fortefyim,' themselves as in Towns or places of j 

defence, living upon Deer and such other Creatures, as those vast Wildernesses 
whose extents are unknown to the Knjrli^k abound with; there are in this 
Country store of Ducks, Geese, Turkies. Pii^eons, Cranes, Swans, Partridges, 
and almost all sort of Fowl, and Cattle, common to us in Old Engltuid; together 
with Furs, Amber, Flax, Pitcli, Cables, Ma^t, and in brief whatever mav con- 
duce to prolit and pleasure; the Native Indunii. in these parts are more trada- 
ble, if well used, than in any other: many of them though tmconveited, often 
saving, that our (Jnd is a good (xuil, but their I'untu evil, which Timto is no 
other than the Devil, or a wicked Spiiit that haunts tliem every Moon, which 
obliges them to Worslvip liirn for fear, though to those that are converted to 
Christianity he never appears. 

This En^iush Colony after many Attempts and bad Successes was firmly 
Established lG'2n, at what time Naw l'lijuwii(k was Built and Fortifietl; so that 
the liuhans thereby beinu' over-aw'd. sullered the Planters without controul to 
Build otht;r Towns, the chief of which are l)n.<tul. liu^tuii. ]i(.iin',tuplc, and oth- 
ers, alluding to the Names of Si.'a 'J'owus in Old Emzlaad; and are accommo- 
dated with many curious Havens commodious for Shipping, and the Country 
watered with pleasant Rivers of extraordinary largeness; so abounding with 
Fish, that they are not taken for dainties; and for a long time they were all 
(Joverned at their own dispose, and Laws made by a Convocation of Planters, 
kc. but of late they have submitted to receive a Governor from Ei\<^land. 

NOVUM UELGIU M, or the New Neilhcrlaihh, lies in this tract on the South 
of New Eiiirliind, extending fiom 3S to 11 defaces North Latitude; a place into 
which the llollandns intruded themselves, consid(;rable Woody; which Woods 
naturally abound with Nuts and wild Grapes, rej)leni>hed with' Deer, and such 
Creatures as yield them store of Furrs, as the Rivers and Plains do Fish and 
Fowl; rich Pastures, and Trees of extraordinary bigness, wiih Flax, Hemp, 
and Herbage; the ground very kindly bearinir the Product of Enrojie ; and here 
the Natives, such as live in Hutts and Woods, go clad in Beasts Skins, their 
Houseliold gouils consisting of a \Vo()den dish, a Tobacco Pipe, and a Hatchet 
made of a sharp Flint Slone, their AVeapons Bows and Arrows ; though the 
Dutch unfairly to their cost, out of a covetous Humor, traded with them for 
Guns, Swords, iVf., shewiiig the use of them which the ludiaiis turning upon 
their quondam Owners, found an opportunity to send 100 of their new Guests 
into the other World ; and here the chief Town is New Ani^terdatn^ commodi- 
ously Seituate for Trade, and the Reception of Shipping. 



1847. 



Arrifdl of Miiiislcrs. 



TIME OF TflE AllinVAL IN M:W KXCLAXI) OF 
F O L L O \\ I N G M IS\>, 'VK F. S. 



THE 



] GoO. 

Ilcv. JdIiii Muvfiick. 
I'u'V. John \\';irli;uii. 



Kcv, 

ll.'V. 

F.cv 



Ilcv. 


Juliii Wilson. 


Jo-v 


Rev 


George Plulliiis. ' '' 
]G;3L ■ ■ 


R.'v 


ncv 


Jolin I'^liol. 

ig;{-2. I . 


R^^ 
11. v 

11. 'S 


ncv 


Tliomas WeKl .. . 


\\r\ 


Ilcv 


Tlionms .Tames. 


Rt'\ 


Ilcv 


Sleiilicii Ijucliiler. 


!•■; 




IGo.j. 


J U'\ 

F.rV 


Rl'V. 


Jol)ii Coiton. 


Fo-v 


11 ev. 


Thonuis lltKjkcr. 


Wvv 


llev. 


Saiiiuel Stone. 


Rev 


llev. 


William Lcvereclge ? 






IG.n. 


Rev 


Rev. 


Jolm Ijatlnop. 


F..>v 


Ilcv. 


.lohn .Miller? 


llev 


llev. 


J.ames Noycs. 


Fo'V 


llev. 


Tliomas Parker. 


F.ev 


Rev. 


Zeohariali Svmmes. 


llev 


Rev. 


Nathaniel Ward. 


F.ev 



lG:!o. 

Rev. Peter IJnIkley. 
Rev. John Avery. 
Rev. George llurdet? 
Rev. Henry l^liiit. 
Rev. Peter Ilohart. 
Rev. John Reyner .' 
llev. Ivieharel .Mather. 
Rev. Ungli Peters. 
Rev. John Norton. 
Rev. Thomas Slu'paril 
Rev. William M'alton. 
Rev. John Jones. 

KioG. 
Rev. Raljih Partriilgo. 



Rev 
Rev 
Rev 
Rev 
Rev 

Rev 
WvY 
Jlrv 
J lev 



Rev 



Rev 



Stimnel A\'hiting. 
Nallianii'l Ro^'ers. 
.liihn W'lii'i'lwriL'ht. 
Tliomas JiMiner. 
Samuel Newman. 

i(;;57. 

Jiilm Allin. 
I'Mmund Frown. 
Tlmmas Colibet. 
Timothy Dalton ? 
.hjlm Daven|iorl. 
.'ulin Fl^k(^ 
.loliii ]Iur\'artl. 
( JfiiiLie -Miixon. 
^\'il!lam 'J"hnm|ison. 
.fiihn Fiiiddon. 
Samind Eaton. 

1G3-. 

l-^icckiel Rogers. 
F.ohiMt P.H-k. 
Jldu'ard Xorris. 
F'hurlfs Ciiaimey. 
Thomas Allen. 
11. any Phillips? 
^Firmadiike .Matthews. 

io;;'.i. 

John Knowles. 
Henry Whitfield. 
Riehard I^enton ? 
Jonathan Fiirr. 
Ephraim Hewett. 
1 leiiry .-^mitli. 
.folm Ward. 
William "Worcester. 
Abraham Pierson ? 

IGIO. 
Henry l)unbter. 

1 G II . 
Richard Flinman ' 



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[July, 



GENEALOnniS AND THEIR MORAL. 



We were carelessly Idokiiii: over a u'enealoLiy of ihe •' Minol Kamily,'' in the 
second iiiunbcr of the '■ .New llirjlaiul ili-torieal lUiJ neiiealiiirii'al lleL'i*ter," 
when siuKleiily our eyes wert' .-uiIumhI with tears, as they roteii on the follow- 
ing' sentence in the catalogue ol the ehihlren of Capt. John .Minol; who died in 
Dorchester, If.ijit : 

" Miirth^A, born Sept. 'si, ir,57 ; ilied, sini,'It;, Nov. 2.3, 1078, aged CI. She was cnfrageJ 
to be m;irrif(i. but died unmarried, le;iviii^' a will in which she directed that at her 
funeral her hclrolh.d hushaud, ' John Morgan, Jr. be all over inouriiirig. and loUow next 
alter me.' "' 

What a history is there in these few words about Martha Minot, who lived 
almost two centuries aL,'o! The mind runs back in a moment to tho.-^e times, 
when almost all New Knglaiul was a wilderness — to those days of the old 
Indian wars, when no man couhl be a-' captain" without beiiiL^ a man of some 
rank and c()n>e(|ueiu-e. Just al'ler tfie close of Kim,' riiiliivs war, when the 
villages of New England were all in peace, Capt. John Minol's ilamrhter Mar- 
tha, twenty-one years of aL'c, and havintr come into possession of her share of 
her father's estate, had pliuhted her troth to one ^he loved, and was expectinji 
to be married too, when disease fa-ti-iH-d upon her youn;^ frame, and would not 
be re[)elled. In the chill Noveml.icr air, when 

'■ The HK'laiK-la'ly <!ays were cuuie, t!ie >addeil of t!ie year,'' 

she faded like a Iraf. And at hrr burial there fnlluweJ, nearer than brother or 
sister, lU'are-t to ihr hearse, the cue w hmn, of all the li\inLr. ^hc lov.d nlo^t, from 
whom to part had been to her more painful than the death-panij, and who had 
been in her thoughts till "the love-li^ht in her eye'' was e\tinguish(>d. That 
single item in her directions for her funeral, that ••John Morgan, Jr., be all over 
mourning, and follow ne.xt after me,'' tells the whole story. 

NothiiiLT seems, at first sight, less interesting or less instructive, than a gene- 
alot,'ical table, a mere register of names and dates. But sucli a passage as that 
which we have quoted — so picturescpn/, so suu-estive, so touching, so dramatic 
— when it occurs in the midst of thr>e dry records, throws out an electric liiiht 
at every link in tlie chain of generations.' Each of those names in the table 
i.s the memorial — perhaps the only memorial — of a human heart that once 
lived and loved ; a heart that kept its steady pulsations through some certain 
period of time, and then ceased to beat and mouldered into dust. Each ot those 
names is the memorial of an individual human life that had its joys and sor- 
rows, its cares and burthens, its alfections and hopes, its condicts and achieve- 
ments, its opportunities wasted or improved, ami its hour of death. Each of 
those dates of ''birth,'' " marriaire," "death,'' — how signilicant I What a 



day was each of those dates to some human f.imily, or to some circle of loving 
human he.irts ! 

To read a genealoicy then may be, to a lliinking mind, like walking in a 
cemetery, and reading the inscriptions on the gravestones. As we read, we 
may say with the poet — 

"To a mysti'riously-consortrd pair, 

TliKs jilaec IS cunj-cerale — tu ] lealli and Life." 

The presence of death drives the mind to thoughts of immortality. ^lemo- 
rials of the dead are miuiiorials not of ileath only, but of lib-. They lived, and 
therefore they died ; and as the mind thinks of the deatl gather<'d to iheir fa- 
thers, it cannot but think of the uiHeen worlds which they inhabit. Ail these 
names are memorials of human spirits that have passeil from time into eternity. 
Heady or unprepared, in youth or in maturity, in childhood or in old age, they 
went into eternity; as we aic going. 



■luM 



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291 



|\Tlic niii>lin-, anil ihe loiicnn:,' liiile cue 
Tukcii from air ami suii>liiiie ulicii tin- luic 
_('(• iiilaiiey lir-l lilo,.ins ii|),,n his cliuek ; 
The ihinlciii::, ilic)ii-l.il,'.-v >,-liuul!,nv ; llio bold yoiit!i 
or M)iil linpt.-nioiis. aiitl the lia^lirulniaid, 
Smillcii wiicii iill the |iri/iiii--L-> of lih- 
Aru DiPLMiiiii,' roiiiid hiT ; iho-o of unddk' aL'c, 
Ca>l down while i;. HilidL-iil in sliciiL-lh llicv stand. 
Like pillars lixcd inure linnlv, as niiL'ht stem, 
And iiKjre secure, hy very wei;.'lil cH all 
That lor siii)|ii„-i rcsis on 'thi'in ; ihe decayed 
And Ijiirlheiisoine ; and lastly that poor few 
,. ,. ^^yiiiise li^'hr of reason is with a;.'e eximet ; 

.; " ' Tlie liopel'nl and the hopeless, iir>.t and la-1, 

1'liu iMrhesI sniiunoiied and the loii:,-e.-t .spared, 
Arc here deposited.' 

The pciiealo2ic;il chapters in Ci'iiesls an.l Chioniclo.s are rnmmniily and vory 
nattirally rc-ardoil as hein^^r almost if nut iiuito an fxoeptiuii to the le-.lirnony, 

All ^iMipttue IS prolitahle for thn-trino, for reproof, for eorreftion, for instruc- 
tion in. n-hleousne.-s.-' But the story is tol J of a man who had Ion- been irrc- 
JiUious and lliotmhiless, that in some vaeaiit liour he happened to open his 
iiible, and be-an to read the ealalo-no of antediluvians, in tlu; lifih chapter of 
Genesis. As lie read that (mio lived so many years and lie (/(tv/, and another 
lived ,-,0 many y.-ais and he di.'d, the iinilofmitv of the record arie.-,ted his 
attention-, his mmd was awakened to new thoimhtsof the .^i-nilicancv of death 
and lite, and thus he was led to reali/u the ends of his evistenee, and to dedi- 
cate himsell, m penitence and tru>t, to a foii,nvin:,' God. — AVa' Yurk nvan-iU^t. 



FIRST SETTLERS OF RHODE ISLAND. 



TlIK LATi: JOHN FARMER, E.SQ. 



<^ 



7'ogor Williams, 
John 'rhoi-kttiorloii, 
William Arnold, 
^Villiam ll.irris, 
Stukeley Westcot, 
Thomas Olney, Sen. 
Thomas Olney, Jun. 
Jolm Greone, 
Richard Waterman, 
Thomas .lames, 
Robi?rt Cole, 
William Carpenter, 
Francis Weston, 
Ezekiel liolleman, 
Robert Williams, 
Jolin Smith, 
HuL;h Hewitt, 
William Wickendeu, 
John Field, 
Thomas Hopkins, 
William Hawkins, 
William Hutchinson, 
F.dwanl iliitcliinson, Jun. 
John Cog-eshall, 
William Aspinwall, 
Samuel WiKlbore, 
John I'orter, 
John landlord, 
Kihvaid Hutchinson, 
'I'hoinas S.uaijc, 
Willmii Dyre, 
William Freeborn, 



", Philip Sherman, 
I John Walk.'r. 
I Richard Carder, 
! William r.aulbton, 
I Ih-nry Hull, 
j William Coddiiiyton, 
I John Clark, 
Edward Cope, 
Chad. Brcnvn, 
Daniel Drown, 
I Henry Brown, 
I John Drown, 
I Samuel Bennett, 
• Hnu'h B-'wett, 
Adam (.'ood win, 
Henry Fow ler, 
Arthur I'enner, 
: Henry Roddock, 
j Thomas Siicklin, 
I Christopher Smith, 
j Richaicl I'ray, 
I .Nicholas Power, 
I Stephen Noilhnp, 
I Edward Hart, 
I Benjamin Ilereiulcn, 
I Edward himan, 
j John Jones, 
I James Matthewson, 
I Henry Xeale, 
! William .Man, 

I Roller M.vwry, 



Edward Manton, 
■"-^hadiach ^hinton, - - 

rJeor^e Shepaid, 
Edward Smith, 
Benjamin Smith, 
John Smith, (the Mason.) 
John Smith, (Sen.) 
John Smith, (Jun.) 
John Smith, (Jamaica ) 
Epenetus Olney, 
La\vrence \\'ilkinson, 
Daniel Williams. 
Christopher Onthank, 
Joshua Verin, 
John Savles, 
Richard Scoll, 
Joan 'I'yler, 
Joshua Winsor. 
Valentine Whitman, 
Geori^e W.iy. 
William While, 
Thomas \S'alling, 
John Warren, 
•folui Whipple, 
.Matthew Waller, 
Robert \Villiains, 
Joseph Willi.im:". 
A\'illiam Wickenden, 
R.dn'rt R. West, 
I'ardon 'I'llli-fiast. 






"■ \ 









, :,</.>■'• <! 






292 



3Iarrinircs und Deaths. 



[Jaly, 



, , MAIUIIACES AM) DEATHS. 

[Ciir ;nilli(>rilii-^ furiii'i^l of our n-ourils of -Maniairis and Deaths arc l!iu ne\A>[)apeM. 
TliL-^c liiiiv ii'il al\\a\ s Lc oi.MTcct | 



y\ A 11 R I A c )■: s . 

Ka I i;s, Jon N S.. Est)., of Cananilaimin, N. 
v.. to Anmk M , (laii;,'litt.'r of (ii'ii. Tim- 
olliy Upliain ol' Bur-loii, late ol' I'orti- 
mouth, N. H . May I'J. 

Bii;i.L..\v, H.T, M. 1)., to Si s\N,(laii-li- 
ter ol" William Stui:,'i<, Hoslon. May '^. 

B:;m\v.n, AiiNKi: II u: i w i: r.i., M. 1)., of 
Lowi-ll, Plot', of Cliunii>try in Wil- 
loii^'liby M.-,lical Colli"::?, O , to Sl'san 
Af'i I srv. (laughter of Rev. Dr. Shiirt- 
Icll", late I'rof in Darliiioutli College, 
April 13. 

Br i;r,i.Ni. A M i;, .^ \soN, Attoriipy, of Bos- 
ton, to Jani C.iHM.i.iA, (1, milliter of 
Hon. Isaac Liveiniore of Canihriilire, 
June 3. 

Coin.N, Ri;v. ]'/i:i;i f. i ^\'.. Minister of the 
ITniversalist So.-it'ty in Attleliiuo', to 
Miss Makv Eli/.a \Vi:i-,i;i,k of Boston, 

May ;;u 

Fusir.it. FoKhvcR, M. D. to Mis.s Adk- 
I. INK Jam: Towki;, Co!ia>sct, M irrli 'J 1 

Oilman, W.I. ipi. I i:v, .M. 0. to .Miss C. 
\\ . ll\>i:^. onis' ilan^hter ol Lewis 
ll.iyes, K.M]., ICittcrv, .'•!'• 

Hai:i»i m;, Si'i;.s (1:1; S , of Boston, to Lt)r- 
is.\ T., d.m^hteiof Piol". Jose|)h Dana of 
Athens, 0., April 0. 

JoiiNso.s, Ri:v. Jiiii .N, app<iinteil mission- 
iiry to Cliina, to Ai'.KriirsA Anna, 
(lan^liter of .Miel Stevens, ]'2b([., of llast- 
liort, Me., May :iO. . 

Le mon. Jon \ J., ol' Boston, to Miss E.mm a 
L. BAiii^F.Kof I'liiladelphia, tlan^^hler of 
the kite (ieorL'e l)ier IJadijer of Wind- 
ham, Ct.. March Ji). 

RrssF.i.L, B;;a 111' oKii, Attorney, (jrolon, 
to Mi.ss .^tAl;lA I'r.oi.iv of Sterling, 
Maich V.-i. 

.Ski. 1, 1:1:, III. WIN y\ D.. of SpriiiL'In'ld, 
to Ei.i / A r.r III A., d.iiii^hter of Hon. 
John II. While of Lancasier, .\. H., .May 

:ii. 

SliAilUcK, JoKi,, I'.si;,, of I'eppi.'rell, to 
Mrs. iXamv I'ai:i;i;k of Boston, April 
11. 

Stkakns, Rkv. Oakii.oi S, of Sonth- 
brid^e, to Anna .Iioso.n, dan;;hler of 
Rev. B. ('. CJrafton of Medford, June S. 

Ti;ituiLi,. CiiAur.ES I''iii:i>r.i:i(:K, to Ha.n- 
.SAU WiM.iA.Ms, d. milliter of W. War- 
laud Clapp of Boston, Editor of the 
livening Gazette, May -'S. 



DEATHS. 

AoAMs, Mr.s. Mkmi r.v iii.n '!'., M.i\' '.', a. 
7'.i widow o( the late De.i. Neheiiii.ili Ad- 



ams of Salem, and mother of Rev. N. 
Adams of Boston 

Aiken, Damet., We.vford, Canada West, 
a. r.'O. He had contracti'd £e\en mar- 
riai^es, and his iiraiidehildren and ureat- 
Kr.'uidchildren wi-re ."iTu — :j7i) males and 
'JDIJ fcMii.ales. — AVic York Olismcr. 

Bi.AKE, Kkv. Cai.kh, Westford, May 11, 
a. s.'). He ^;r. H. C. 17Sl,and was set- 
tled in AVestforil forty-five ye.irs. 

Bri:m.\ikk, Ho.s. M.\irri.N, Boston , April 25, 
for some years Mayor. H. C. 1^1 1. 

BiKNUAM, Be.n.iasiin, Essev. Apiil M, a. 
'.ij, a soldier of the Revolution. Twelve 
persons have died in I'sse.v since Jan. 
I'J, whose united a;,'es auiouiit to 'J70 
yea IS. 

Caiipenteu, Rev. Chester W., Sinclair- 
ville, N. v., April 17, a. Xt. He died at 
Beaver, I'a., while returnin:: home from 
M.d.ile. He i:r. A. C, Ib'M. 

CAKiv:NrKi;. .Mi:s. Han.nah, Chichester, 
.\. 11. April -Jl, a. .'^U, wife of Rev. Jo- 
siah Cirpenter. 

Cori.iN. Joh.N, .M. D., Marietta, O, April 
■J, a. s'li Dr. Cotton was a lineal de- 
scrnd.inl of Rev. John Cotton of the 
first church, Boston, an<l was a man of 
literary and scientific attainments and 
deei. piety. 

DAi.i;i:ir, Hon. TiMoriiv, Edgaiton, 
April 'S<, a. 7'.i. 

Day, Oiiui.N, Esc;., Catskill. N'. Y, Dec. 
■Jo, a. M). He was one of thoM- philan- 
thropic men who foiined the American 
Bihle Society, was a corporate member 
of the A. B. C. l\ M., and a patron of 
all yood institutions. 

DiNiiAR, Ei.i.iAii, Esq.. Keene, N. H., 
MiylS. a. 88. D. C. 17S3. Attorney. 

Ei.i.-- won in, Mks. Nancy (5, Lafayette, 
1.1., J. 111. 1.7, a. .71. She was the wife of 
Hon. Henry L. Ellsworth, late Com- 
niissioner of Patents, and dau. of Hon. 
Eli/iir Cooilrich of New Haven, Ct. 

FisR, Dea. EbENKZEK, Shclbume, Dec. 
■Jl. a. <;■,>. He was a brother of the Rev. 
riiny Fisk, Missionary to Palestine. 

Firtii. Dka. I'.LiiAii, Hopkinton, April 
•J7, a. r.s. He was a son of Rev. Elijah 
I'itch, .second pastor of the church in 
that town. 

Fii.i,i;r, Aiiraha.m W., Escj.. Boston, 
Ajiiil i7 a. i'>3. Counsellor at Law. 

(Jori.i), .Mrs. Sam.v .Mi'Cl:ri>v, May 1'^, 
widow of the late Hon. James Gould of 
Litchfield, Ct. 

GiiA V, Ri:v. Tiio.MAs, D. D., Pastor of the 
Coniir.'irational Church, Roxburv, (Ja- 
iii.ii.M Plains,) .lune l,a 7,'i. II C. 17Hn. 

H\K\i.., Ri V. liiNiviiiN, I'r.iiikforl, N. 



,\-. Cl '-.^r.^ 



1 .,,,.11 ,' •• 



■> ■ ' ' •[■• 



f.. v: !• 



1817. 



Notices of Xevj Puhlicadoiis. 



293 



Y., ^T.irch IS, a. 112. lie was of tlie 
Bjiitist deiiciiiiinatioii, atiil had beun a 
preaclier more lliaii seventy years. 
IIoi)(;u(iN, Ami KKT I'^., liariisleail, N. II., 

May -'I', a. -' J. D. C. 1S-1J. Altoriiey. 
Holm AN, Gkn. Silas, Bolton. .M.irch J.'), 
a. ^l'^ lie svas coimftli-d \\'\\\\ llic .Stale 
Le^isIatu^e lietwieii ~0 and '10 years, 
and was one of tlie (Joveri;or's Coiinril 
durinij tlie administrations of Strong; anil 
Ikooks. 

Kelloi.i;, Mi:s. SrsA.N C, \\illianistown, 
April S, a. -1^, widow of the late I'rof 
Kelloi,-'. 

MEiii.s, Mits. F.Li.'-Ar.KT)!, New Britain, 
Ct., March .'j, a. '.'J, widow of the late 
Major John IMeigs of the U. S. Army in 
the Ilevolntion. 

MooitK, Kkv. (iidUfiE, (iuincy, 111., March 
11. a. ;i'>, II. C. 1>:M, ininu-ter of tiie 
Unitarian Society in that jilace. 

Nevkrs, Ge.n. John, Northfield, Match 
3U, a. 71. 

Paukkr, ]\Ius. Mariiia L.. Lancaster, 
April :;0, a. -j;), wile u{ Dr. J. O. I'arkcr 
of .'^hirli'y,and dauijlilerof l)r. C Carter 
of Lancaster. 

Patikn, Jka.n, Bedlbrd, N. II., Feh. 1 G, a. 
7>>, (laui;hler of Hon. .Matthew I'atten. 

PeaiIOI.V, RkV. WlI.LlA.M B. 0., D. I)., 

S[)riii-;field, May 28, a. -17, }I. C. ISIG. 

Revei!i;, John, M. D., \e\v York, April 
-.29. a. CO. He ;,'r. II. C. lSi)7, and was a 
Prof, in the Medical Department of N. 
Y. University. 

Roiii.N.soN, Rev. Ciiaules, Lenox, March 
3, a. 45. He was a missionary at Siani, 
and died on board tiie barijue Draco, on 
his return home, 

Sai-fouu, Ciiaules C, M. D., Rutland, 
April "JT, a. -IJ. He was a native of E.>:- 
eter, N. II., gr. D. C. lS2.j, and Andover 
'Phoo. Sem'y, and was a minister in Gil- 
manton, iN. H. Having lost his health, 
he gave up the ministry, studied medi- 
cine, and practised till his death. 



S A MioK.v, !^Ii:>. Maiitha, Reading, May 
■J, a. d\\ wil<r of Rev. Peter Sanl/orn. 

SAVAf.E, Mi;s. Li.cY \V., May It), a. 57, 
wile of Rev. James Sava:;e ol Ijf.dluid, 
N. H. 

Sun: rLEFE, Benjamin, M. D., Boston, 
April I-,', a. 7u', B. U. 17'..r,, .M. D. H. U. 
He was an honoiary member of the N'ew 
Knglaiid Historical and Genealogical 
Society, and a brief memoir ol him may 
be e,x])ected in our ne.xt number. 

Smuu, Rev. I'.Li, llollis, N. 11., May II, 
a. S7, B. U. \l'J->. Minister in Holli's. 

SiKWAKT, Enh.-s, Es-i;., Davenport, Iowa, 
lormiily of Boston, a. is. He \\ a^ a 
nalue of Coleraine, H. C. lt>','(l. 

Sir.oMi, Ri;v. Calku, Montreal, Canada, 
Jan. 1, pastor of the American Presby- 
terian Cluircli, He was a son of Hon. 
Lewis SlroHL', and grandson of Gov. 
Strong ot Xorlhampton. Y. C. \b'S'j. 

Til A ^ EK, Di:a. SiiADi'-Acu, South Brain- 
tree, May 1, a. 71. 

'^lll'.MA^, Ukv. Da.mel, Abington, a. 07. 

'ill i;, .Mi;s. Sakaii \.. Exeier, N. H., 
Feb. 'JO, a. oO, wife of Amos Tuck. Esq., 
an attorney, and dau;;hter of l)avid 
iS'udd, Esip, of Hampton, N. H. 

I'riiA.M, Ali;kiii (j., M. D., Boston, June 
I'', a. 'JD, S. C. IS 10. He was a member 
of the N. E. Historical and Gencalo;;ical 
Society. A brief memoir ol him may 
be e.vpected in our next number. 

WiiJuLKswoicTir. Sa^ilkl, y\. 1)., Boston, 
April 7, a. 3."). H. C. IWl. 

\VuKCKsiKU, Dr. Noah. Cincinnati, 0., 
Ai-ril -1, a. ■M\ H. C. lS;iJ, M. D. at D. 
C. 1.S3S, Piof, in Medical College, Cin- 
cinnati, 0. 

WjtKMir, .Mas, Elea.vok, Dec. -JO, I'-IH, 
a. 8.3. She was the widow of the late 
Silas \Yriglit of \Veybridge. Vt., and 
mother of liov. Wright ol New York. 
.Mr. Wright died in May, 18i:i, a. 81. 
This cou|jle lived together as husband 
and wife IJI years. 



NOTICES OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. 

The American Loiialtsts, or Bio'^rnplitcnl Skctcltrs of Adherents to the British 
Crown in the ll'iir of the Ri volution ; alphahctiailli/ arranged; with a prduntnary 
Historical Kfsny. Ill/ Jamrs Subinc. l!u^tull : Charlt's C. Little and James 
Hrown. iMDCCCXLVlI. 



Mr. Sabine, it is believed, is a merchant at Eastport, Me., but still has been in the 
habit of <omposing for the press, lit- h.is writiin artulfs for the North Aiinrican 
Review, and is the autlior of the Memoir of Comiiiodoie Preble in I'lof Sj/arks's 
American Biography, 

The subject of his jiresent work is both novel and interesting, and one upon which 
we are too ignorant. 'J'he most intelligent and best informed among us have but little 
knowledge of the names and characters o( the Loyalists, or Tories of tlie l\e\oliition, 
(iirolpabl\ Iwriiiy tlious.iiid in number.) and of the reasons which inlluenced, ff t he 
hopes and I'e.irs w hirh ai;it.ited, .iiid of the re w.irds or misi-i ies w hioli .iw.iited them, 
,Sep.iraIi'd I'roiii theii liuiiie^ and kiiiiiied, oull,i\\.-., w.uulciei.'^, and exiles, tin)' ha\e 



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294 



Xoticrs of Xcw Piibllcalloiis. 



[July, 



lefl but fmv nicinorials to their pM^It'rity. 'I'lie diliicult task of collocliiig ami arrang- 
in:^ frairmcntitry events and inciiloiits relating to thi-m, scatttTiHl hero anil theru, we 
llmik liie author has succeeded adiriirahly in accompli-diin^. We find anion;^ the 
sketches, notices of many distiniiui^hed and iulhiential men, and while some were no- 
torious for theii want of princi[)!e, there were many \\ ho, we cannot doubt, were true 
and hone.st in csjioUbini: the cause ol' the mother country. 'I'hen, lhc>u;,'h we cannot 
justify any, let us not censure all. •• The vinnirs in the l\evo)utionary tlrile are now 
twenty millions; and, slron^\ ri<.li. and prosperous, can njjord to speak of the losers in 
terms of moderation." 

The Historical Mssay, containim; one hundred and fourteen paijes, which precedes 
the " 15ioi;raphical Sketches,'' indicates much ac(|iiaintaiK'e ^\ ilh the Revolution and its 
causes, and is very valuahh' and hij;hly ajijiroijriate. 

The wiuk makes a handsome volume of '7:i.': [iaL;es, and is well worthy of being 
perused, and ol a placi.' in the library of the historian. 

A Gcncnlogical uitd Jiio^;raj)Iiicul Shctdi of tlic Name and Fainilif of Stcl'<oii ; 
from (lie yi"ir IIJ.'U to the year 1847. ■ liy Juliti Slrt.^ou Barry. '•J'irtia uohditat 
villain." Huston : I'liiited fur the autliur by Williaia A. Ihill \ Co. 1817. 

The name of Stetson is spelt dilferently in old records; as Stitson, Sturt^on. Studson. 
Stedsoii, Slutson, and Stetson. The last is the usual rnetliod of spelling the name, 
thou^'h some fuiiilies spell it Slutson. The first of the name and the ancestor of all 
in this country \vas Robert Stetson, commonly calh-d Cunul Robert, because he was 
Cornet of the first horse com))any raised in Plymouth colony. Ms., in the year Iti^b or 
"J. He settled in Scituate, Ms., in the ye.ir io:;i, but it is not known sati>factorily 
whence he originated, ihoiiyh tradition s.iys he came from the county of Kent, Eni^land. 

Amoii'^ his descend. lilts are many who h.ive held oflices of trujt and re-ponsibility, 
and who have stood hii.'h in public esteem. 

The pamphlet contain^ 1 1 ( ' pau'e>, and jrivesa pretty full account of the Stetson fam- 
ily. We hope it Will bi' an addiliniial incentive to othi.-rs to prepare mcmoiials of their 
ancestors. 

An Oration dtlirercd lirfare tlir Niir llaislnnd Surictii in the citi/ if Xeic York, 
Dtccmber ^i. 184(). liy (Uiarlcs W. Uphm'ii. New ^'o'rk : riihli-hod by John S. 
Taylor, Brick Ciiurch Cliajiol, 1.")! Nassau Slnnd. 18 17. 

This is an e.\'C(dlent address, written in a clear, j;ractl"ul, and forcible nianner. After 
dcscribini; the inlluences, both in the Old \Voild and in the New, w Inch were at work, 
and the combination of which resulted in the ad\ent of our fathers to these desert 
shores, the orator remaiks upon the Puritans, and the chief elements of their character 
and the result of their labors. The blessings of a free jjovernment and reli;,'ious liberty 
are laiLjely descanted upon, and the addri'ss closes as follo\\s: "If the sons of New 
England rear the school-house ami the church wherever they select their homes; if 
they preserve the reliance upon their own indi\idual energies, the love of know ledge, 
the trust in Providence, the spirit of patriotic fiith and hope, which made its most bar- 
ren regions blossom and become fruitful around their fathers, then will the glorious 
vision of those lathers be realized, and the Continent rejoice, iu all its latitudes and 
from sea to sea, in the blessings of freedom and education, of peace and prosperity, of 
virtue and religion." 



A Sermon prcuclicd at Nortkwood, N. IL, March 12, 1847, on tlie death of Dea. 
Simon Jialchclder. By Elliot C. Cogncell, Pastor of the Conprretratiunal Church. 
Published by reijuest. Concord : I'niitcd by ..Morrill, SiLsby, ic Co. 1847. 

The text on ^vhich this discourse is founded is contained in Acis viii : '!. "And 
<levout men carried Steplien to his burial, ami made i;reat lamentation over him." It 
is divided into si.K heads. AVhen the gooil man dies the people of Cod lose, 1. His soci- 
ety. 'J. His sympathy. 3. His counsels. 4. His prayers, o. His coi'ii>eration. C. His 
admonitions. The subject is well treat(>d, and the language atl'ectionate and iippropriate. 
Pea. Batchelder was born, March 5, 17o8. He was the son of Davis Batclielder of 
Northampton, who moved to Northwood about 177n; who mariied, 1. .Alary Taylor of 
Hampton, by whom he had four children; '2. Ruth Palmer; and :t. a AVidow Marston ; 
by wiiom, (the last two wives,) he h.ul fourteen children, lour of whom survive. I'ea. 
IJatchelder at till! age of eighteen enlisled in the war of the Ri'volutioii, iu 177r>, and 
bcr\(il in C.ipt. Adams's company and Col. Poor's legiiiienl at Wmtei Hill in Charles- 



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l--^''-] A'oticcs of ^cir Ptdilicithni^. .295 

town Xosvpurl, R I , an.l Ti.-onderogn, \. Y. AjTil -I, 17>, he inarri.-d Ra.-h-l John- 
son, dau^hl.T ol Ik-hj;m.iii Juluisoii, witli whoMi he lived ahuiit litlv-lwo year- she 
.)■...;; Jan ,;, 1 s;u), a,.. IS. ]5y her he ha.l seven chihlren, live -l u ho.u .lil suruve 
He (hed .Much lu, 1M7, aged ^',i year= and :> daj.s. 

.^ 7;,;sTain-»c ,khvcrnj hcfurc thr Rhn.lc LhuuJ Jfi^tnynal Sorut,,, on the crcnin-r 
Tr 'iSJT " "^ '''' '■'''^'"^' "J' "" ■^'" •''!!■ I'-ovuh^nce :" Charlc, ■lIuniL-lt, 

«J!l.^"l''ir'','''"''"'''"V"^',''"^^''^^''- ^^'•^'"'■^ Mea of Government." Jnd^e PurlV.; 
fL' 1 , ■' V""'"' '" '''/^ "''^^-"f >l'" vaiiuns Innn^ which it t„ok in its pro^jre.s 
?,/,,'.,' ';:-''',''^""" '" "'^'t state, in mu,h1> „f mueh d, ver.it v of cha.acter and efeod; 
in . e . I , " • -^l"-"","-'"' ';V"^''' " -'l'-'l'"-nlly !.e!d to.'ih. that "a ino^t ihu.n.h! 
ill- ciMl ..tale Hiay stand, and he he>t niaintained, wilh a full Hhe.tv in reli-ious 
conceimuents _a hheity which iniplie.l an eni.inciimtion of reason frnrn' the thraldom 
ot^^arhitrury authority, and the full freedom of iiH-uiry ni all niatlers of speculative 

Though to the founders of Rhode Island, and particularly to Ro.vr Williams, belong 
the lame and ^dory ol having- rcli.cd th,. id,-,, in the Kun/ol a evil ^'overn.Ment, they 

nm .*; rWv'iT '"V '" ''V""^-"" "■ ^'""^' '^^•'■""' '^■"-' l-i"r"'ation It orii:inated 

amon,' the Uald.-n.es m the valleys ot I'ledniuni. and hv mean, of ihe crusade a -ainst 
them hv Innocent HI., a was spread far and wid,-. Th,-- Ueformaiion and ihe cominij 
01 the I untans to An.erica tended to confirm il. hut never was it fully realized till 
Kol;er^\ ill. ains and his tollow-ers came to •• tla- lore.t-shaded banks of the■.^Ioo.l.au.ic •• 
and established a :;o^ernmcllt on the principle that "the State has no ri^dit to interfero 
between conscience and God." 

After dwelling lar^-ely on the early history and inlluence of Rhode Island, the author 
passes to tlie time ot the Revolution. We bnd that this little state, thoio-h royally 
aimed in her Chaiter, stood amonj; the foremost in the nreat stru^r^de for independence. 
She was the h.^i to diiect her ullicers to disrei,'ard the Stamp Act, and to assure them 
indemnity lor so doiu^: the first to recommend the permanent establishment of a Con- 
tinenal toni^ress: the lirst to adopt the Articles of Confederation; the first I., brave 
royalty inarms; the iiist to enact and declare independ.-nce : thehrst I,, establish a 
naval armament ol her own ; and the lust t.Mecommeiul to Con:,Me.s the establishment 
of a Continental ^a^y Ihe oration clos., with an elo-pient appeal to pre^.rve the 
history and '^ ;■ ly r-'o,ds ol the State. Appende,! is a Poem by Sarah Helen Whitman, 
recited helorethe Rhode Island Historical Society, previou. to tiie delneiy of the address. 

yf_ .S/^c/r/i (/ //,, in,tor^ of Xcrlnni,. N,wbur>ijwrt, uwl U'ct Ncwhun/, from 
lf>oi> to iS-lo. JJy Joshxd Cojiiu, J. If S. II. S. 

''J'^ur uut of the oldfdihs. us men '^(lithc, 
Couulh tlic new rurnc from yerc to yere, 
-:■.;, Anil out of old bookcs in >j:ood fuithe 

''■'^•■- ■..-,' (-'o'ltctk this new actenee ihat men lere.'" ' ' 

' ■■'•<'. •;,. Cluiuccr. 

"i >■ ■-■ ' ' ■ '■ Lives there a mun irith .sou! .<o dead. 
" '■ ' ' • .. I ■ ^l ho meer to hnntclf hiilh said, 

[ ■ 'I'l'tib IS mij oieu my mitire land / ^' ' ' ' 

' ' ■■ :^ Scott. 

lioston : Pnl,li.h..,l l,y Samuel G. Drake. \o, 5(1 Comhill. Prinled by Geor-e 
I oolid^''e. 1 SI.-). - = 

Thi., is an exceedingly valuable and hi.^hly interesting yvork, and appears to have 
been wnlten with .-ivat l.du.r, and ,.„ „nwr.: The author seem.s, a., he .-'n s " [o have 
inadea broad distmclion between fact and tradition, and to have related nothin- as fact, 

in tdiV ,"; x" 1 "■'' I'n^' ""'"" .'^■'"' "-l"— station o. the character of the 
nhabitant, ol .\ewbury and their transactions, xv . ihink is accuiat.dy :,'ivcn. and s,ems 
o hav^ been mven " .,„, „■,., s,„, ./„,//.," Copious exMad, a.e made Iron, the town 
e.ord,, and many Horn the church records, whicli latter exhibit more fully the necu- 

ii.ir trails ol our anccsloi... • ' 



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'J!)IJ jyoliccs of Kfiv J^iihJicdtiojis. [July. 

'l"hc town of Newbury was oiii;iiially cue of tlic Ijrijpst towns in the county, being 
about thiiti'On niilos Ion;:, and ab(jiit ^ix niilfs bmad in f!)e widest jilace, and tonlain- 
ing about tliirty tliousanil acres, of wiiich iiiMrly two tliousancl were covered with 
water. In 17ijl it was divided into two towns, Newbury and Newbui vpoit, arid in 1M9 
Weat Newbury was set oil" and incnri^orateil a-> a sepnr.ile town, 

Tliis volnnii; i.s enri!)tdlis!ieil with portiaits ot' l)r, .lobn Clarke, the |i!iysician in 
New bury Ironi liViT to H'.'il , w bo died in ilo-^tun in 1 ''(". I. a>;cd fu, Chiet'JusticL' ."^ew all, 
liev,Mr. Wiiilcl'iebi, and Kev. Dr. l'ari,-li, and also witli a map of tbe town and engrav- 
ings of the old-lown ii)peiin:.'bouse \\hicli stood one bundred ami six yeais, from 1700 
to iSDti, and of a liouse wliieh •'was infested witb demons'' in Uw'J, and where, "'before 
the devil was ibained up, tlie invi^il'U hand ilid beyin to put forth an aslonisbini: visi- 
bilily!" 'I'iie Appi-ndix, containing anion;; oilier tbiiiijs a List of (Iianteef, and Geneal- 
ogies of the Fir.->t .Srttlers iVoiii li''l;'' to 17U(i, is a very important part ol the \\ork. The 
conclusion, comprising about lifiy jiagcs, is also \aliiabi(.-. 

Bronlluw Juh.ln. A Dismur.sc del' v red m HiujoUi.ir. nt the /^(jnc^l of its 
Inhiihitants, un 15 MaicJi, 18-17, tlic dinj irliuli coinpli led ltd!/ a Ctiitury from 
liis Ordiiuitioii, Inj Julta Pierce, J). J)., fifth nuitistcr <f tlic fir>t Cuii'^idrationul 
Church iiiiil Society in said town. lio^toii : James Muiiroe and Company. 
MDCCCXLVII, 

The text on ^vhich lliis discourse is founded is in Psalm xxxvii : 25, '■ I have been 
young and now am old." 

It is iuileed ple.isant in these '•moving times," when ministers are not settled during 
even good behavior, but only so long as they please the fastidious taste of their peojile, 
to behold a pastor wlio has remained with his lloek a long series of )eais, who stands 
among ihern, a relic of a former generation, lo guide them by his coun-tds and guard 
them with his wattiiful care. It is alike honoiabl.- to the pastor and his people to 
meet in one common jubilee, to thank tlie bounloous (iiver of all things lor his mercies, 
and strengthen llie ties which liave so long bound them together. In the present case, 
however, not a chiUL-h meiely, but a whole town have united to honor oi.e who may 
be ii>gauled as their fathi.'r, and whose n.ime is identified with the town. 

The sermon contains, as might be e.xiiecled fiom Dr. I'ierce. an immen.se amount of 
historical facts, some of them of a general, but most of them of a local character. The 
town of Brookline was incorporated Nov. lU, no-O, O. S., and tlie first Congrega- 
tional church was gathereil Oct. 'Jo, 1717, O. S., of which Dr. I'ierce is the filth 
pastor. Since his settlement nearly all who were then around him have departed 
this life, while he, now enjoying a "green old age," stands almost alone. Tlie dis- 
course is very valuable for the history it contain^, and is wiitten in a ean:iid and an 
atl'ectionale manner. Appended is an exceciiinuly interestin;; account ol the proceed- 
ings of the day, which was published in the Christian Register, and other jiapers in 
Loston. We regret that we have not room to insert extracts from it. Dr. Pierce will 
go down to the gra\e beloved and respected by all ministers and people who knew 
him, ^vhether of his own or other denominations, 

A Dtscortrse on lite C(\mbrid;jc Chiirch-Gtithrrimz in l(i3G.- delivrred in the First 
Church, uit Sitndiiy, February •22, l.sKi. J>y U'lllnnn Newell, Pmlur of the First 
Cliurch in Canibritlge. Buston : James MmnuL' and Coinpaiiy, IS-lti. 

The text is from Psalm xliv; 1 — .'1, -We have heard with our ears, O God. our 
fathers have told us, what work thou didst in their days in the times of old. How 

tliou didst drive out the heathen with thy hand, and ))lantedest them For 

they got not the laud in possession by their own sword, neither did their own arm 
save them; but thy right hand, and thine arm, and the iiglil of thy countenance, 
because thou hadsl a f.ivor unto them." 

This discourse ciuitains an account of tlie formation of the churcli in C.imbridge, 
and of some of the events preceding it, and brief notices of the princijial actors. It 
contains also many other v.iluable laels. Theie is an appendix containing; nineteen 
pages of great value, embracing among other things a list ol the members of llie diureh, 
"taken and regisleied in the 11 mouth, lOoS," and brief genealogical notices of one 
hundred and seventeen individuals. In giving this sermon to the public, Mr, Newell 
has rendered an important service. 



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NEW ENGLAND 
IIISTOrtlCAL AND GENEALOGICAL TvEGISTER. 

VOL. I. OCTOBER, 1817. NO. 4. 

MEMOIR OF GOVERNOR HUTCHINSON. 

This Article we introduce by giving a brief early account of the 
Hutchinson Family. Doing this will be in perfect accordance with 
the character and design of the Register, and will preserve from 
oblivion many important genealogical and other facts. 

The name of Hutchinson is familiar to all who are versed in the 
early history of Massachusetts, not only from the services which 
the Historian of that name has rendered it, but also from the fact 
that dilTerent members of that family were prominent in the civil 
and military service, during our whole political connection with the 
parent country, a period of about a century and a half. 

This family belonged to tliat numerous class of early settlers of 
Massachusetts Bay, possessed of property, education, and intelli- 
gence, who fled from the despotism of a tyrannical hierarchy in Eng- 
land, to enjoy the blessings of religious liberty in this wilderness. 

In England they lived at Alford, a market town of Lincolnshire, 
and were there intimately acquainted with JNIr. Coddington, and 
also with Mr. Cotton, the minister of Boston in their vicinity, and 
also Boston in New England, with whose religious opinions and 
persecutions they sympathized. 

The family which emigrated to IMassachusetts consisted of an 
aged widow, four sons already in middle life, and a married daugh- 
ter, the wife of the Rev. John Wheelwright. Two of the sons, 
namely, William, the eldest, husband of the famous Ann, and 
Richard, had already adult families ; Edward, who left no issue, 
so far as is known ; and Samuel, who was unmarried. Edward, 
with his nephew of the same name, son of William, is believed 
19 






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298 Memoir of rQct. 

to have accompanied Mr. Cotton, who arrived at Boston, in the 
Griffin, in September, 1633, and the remainder of the family to 
have followed in the next voyage of the same ship, the year after. 
They immediately purchased lands at Boston, and also considerable 
tracts of territory of the Indians in different places, particularly at 
Mount Wollaston and Uncataquissit, (C^uincy and Milion,) and 
were much engaged in the civilization and conversion of the Indians, 
a fact which probably accounts for the frequent employment of dif- 
ferent members of this family in Indian affairs. The early career 
of this family in Massachusetts was greatly influenced by the well- 
known Antinomian controversy, and the extraordinary zeal and 
public ministrations in the cause, of Mrs. Ann Huichinson,=^ the wife 

OiN.,v of William Hutchinson. William, the eldest son, was possessed of 
a larger share of property than the others, was admitted a freeman 
soon after his arrival, was chosen a delegate of Boston to the General 
Court, in 1635, and in the same year served on the committee of 
• allotment of lands in Boston and vicinity. He also contributed to 
the establishment of the Grammar School. He with his two broth- 
ers, Richard and Edward, signed the remonstrance against \\\e, sen- 
tence of banishment of their brother-in-law, Rev. John Wheel- 
wright.f , In consequence of this act of the government, they aJI 
with many of the most prominent inhabitants of the Colony were 
ordered to surrender their arras to the public authorities, which in- 
dignity, added to the sentence against Mrs. Ann Hutchinson, gave 
, rise to the emigration of the family to Rhode Island. They were 

•|^ accompanied by some of the most valuable inhabitants oi Boston, 
and this movement caused the formation of a new body politic,' 
which settled Rhode Island in 1638. William Hutchinson was 
chosen one of the first magistrates of Rhode Island, and continued 
to reside there until his death, in 1642. He left two sons, Edward 
and Francis, and four daughters, Mrs. Savage, Mrs. ColUns, Mrs. 
W^illis, and Mrs. Cole. His widow and many of his descendants, 
after his death, removed to the vicinity of the Hudson river, where 
nearly all of them were killed by Indians, in 1643. 

Richard Hutchinson, who was disarmed on the occasion above 
alluded to, did not accompany his broiliers to Rhode Island, but 
wiih his family embarked for England, leaving a consi-.^rable 
landed estate in Massachusetts not disposed of. He subsequently 
became a very wealthy merchant in London, and is represented to 

* Miudu'ti name Maibury. 

i -ice un uc'-uum of Mr. Wheelwright in No. 2, p, V>\ of tlie Rcfc-istcr. 



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1847.1 Governor Hutchinson, " 299 









have lost £60,000 in the great fire of London, in 1G66. He was 
^. agent for the Massachusetts Colony in England for a long time. J 

He left eight sons, the youngest of whom, Eliakira, returned lo fe»| 

Boston, took possession of the family property, and died 171S, at the ji 

age of 77, having been many years a member of the Council. He .| 

left a handsome estate, and was a benefactor of Harvard College. »M' 

A grandson of Richard Hulchinson settled in Ireland, and was ihe |i| 

founder of the family of the present Earl of Donoughmore. *li' 

Samuel Hutchinson, the brother of William, lived in Boston, ii 

unmarried, until his death, 1667, and was accounted a scholar in 
, his time, and published a work on the Millennium. Edward Hutch- 
. inson, brother of the preceding, accompanied the family of William ' 

to Newport, but soon returned to England, and is not known to !'<■ 

have been again in America. His subsequent history is not 
known. His wife Sarah was admitted to the first church, Boston, 
1633 ; and two sons, John and Ichabod, baptized. .' 

Mrs. Wheelwright participated in the banishment of her hus- 
band, the Rev. John Wheelwright, went to Exeter, and afterwards 
to Wells in Maine, where her mother, Mrs. Susanna Hutchinson, the 
common ancestor of all the family, died about 1642. Col. Elisha h. 

Hutchinson, the great-grandson, visited Wells in the latter part of 
the seventeenth century, and erected a monument to the memory of 
his ancestor, which is still visible. Mrs. Wheelwright's descend- 
ants are very numerous throughout New England. 

After the emigration to Rhode Island, and the return of a part of 
the family lo England, they would have become extinct in Massa- ^ 

chusetts, but for the fact that Edward, the eldest son of William, 
. who accompanied his parents lo Rhode Island, subsequenily re- 
turned to Boston, and became the ancestor of many descendants. 
Eliakim, son of Richard, also left children. i .^-.v; , ., t ,■■■, I' 

Edward, (subsequently known as Capt. Hutchinson,) the son of 
; William and Ann, was born in England about 1608, and was 
about twenty-five years of age when he arrived in Boston. He 
f immediately interested himself in the affairs of the Colony, became 
a freeman in 1634, assisted in organizing a military system, and 
employed himself in examining and selecting such lands as might 
be valuable for settlement. Although he was much alTocted by the 
violent trcitment his family had been subjected to, he remained 
only a short time with them in Rhode Island, but proceeded to 
England, and there, about 1640, married Miss Catherine Hamby. 
daughter of a respectable counsellor at Ipswich, and immediately 



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300 ■>'• Memoir of [Oct- 

returned to IMassachnscIt?, and took possession of the landed prop- 
erty acquired there by his rainily. Tie was joyfully received by 
the Massachusetts authorities, and immediately employed in connec- 
tion with John Leverett on an important mission to the Narragan- 
set Indians. He was soon elected a Representative of the town of 
; Boston in the CJeneral Court, and on several occasions resisted 

publicly the spirit of intolerance so rre([uenlly manifested by the 
Colonial authorities of that period. In KioS, when tlie law rcgard- 
i ing the C^uakers was passed, Capt. Hutchinson and Major Thomas 

I Clark, who were both Representatives of Boston, recorded their 

t. dissent to tliis law, and Hutchinson actually took charge of sev- 

f eral Quakers who had subjected themselves to the penalty of 

j the law, and removed them from this jurisdiction at his own ex- 

[. pense. Again in 1G(35, he headed a petition in favor of the Bap- 

: lists, who were the subjects of persecution, and obtained a cessation 

of hostilities towards them. He had on several occasions rendered 
service to the Colony in negotiating with the Indians, and on the 
:' breaking out of King Philip's War, in 1G75, he was appointed to 

•' the command of a large corps of cavalry, sent to meet Philip 

.; near Brookfield, and was there shot in August, 1G75, and died ou 

[ his way home, at Marlboro', where he was buried. Capt. Hutch- 

l inson was twice married, and had children; nainely, Elisabeth, 

[■ . (Mrs. Edward Winslow,) Elisha, Anne, (Mrs. Dyer of Newport,) 

I Susanna, (Mrs. Coddinglon,) Catharine, (Mrs. Bartholomew,) Han- 

I' nah, (Mrs. Walker,) and Edward, who died without issue. The 

last three were by a second wife, Airs. Abigail Button. 
: Elisha Hutchinson, son of the preceding, was born in Boston, 

1641, educated at the Grammar School, and then as a merchant. 
About 16G5, he married Hannah Hawkins, and had children ; name- 
ly, Thomas, Elisabeth, (l\Irs. Richardson,) Hannah, (Mrs. Ruck,) 
' ■ Abigail, (Mrs. Cruft,) and, by a second wife, Elisabeth, the widow 

5 Freake, and daughter of Major Thomas Clark, children, Edward and 

;■ others. He was Colonel of the Suffolk regiment. No man enjoyed the 

I .public respect more than he did. He was early chosen to represent 

• uhe town, and was elected Assistant under the first charter, in 1G84. 

\ He was denounced by Randolph to the Lords in Council, as one 

i of the factious members, who resisted the prerogative party, previous 

I to the dissolution of the charter. After that event, in IGSS, being 

I in London with Increase Mather and Samuel Nowell, he remon- 

strated with the ministry against the dcsjiotic acts of Andros. He 
returned home, and, after AVilliam HI., of Nassau, Prince of 



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1847.] Govcnwr Hutchinson. 301 

Orange, was crowned lung, in 1GS9, again acted as Assistant. 
Wiiile the Frencii War was proceeding in Canada, in 1090, Col. 
Hutchinson was sent to negoliale with tlie Maine Indians, to induce 
them to secede, but it was without ellect. Before the arrival of the 
charter in 109:2, he was aj)[K)intt'd Cuniniander-in-Chicf of the forces 
against tiie French and Indians then in arms in llie Province of 
Maine. lie was one of the lirst Council under the new charier, 
and continued to be annually elccli-d for twenty-live years, and, 
during the whole period, acted as Chief-Justice of the C'onmion 
Pleas Court. He was counnandcr of the Castle, also, in 1702, 
when Gov. Dudley arrived; and, in consequence of his activity in 
the Andros revolution, was remt)ved from that place by the new 
Executive. C*.)!. Hutchinson died in 1717, nmch respected, having 
lived to see ail his children respectably settled about him. 

Thomas Hutchinson, the eldest son of Col. Elisha, was born in 
Boston, Jan. 30, 1G71--J, and was bred to mercantile pursuits. 
In 1703, he married Sarah, the eldest daughter of Col. John Foster, 
one of the wealthiest merchants, and most influential men, of his 
time. He was early a member of the Provincial Legislature, and 
thirty years a member of the Council. He was distinguished for 
independence of character in times of great party excitement, was 
much esteemed for his integrity, and for his liberal benevolence on 
all occasions when the ))ublic exigencies required his aid. Snow 
says, that he in 1713 built the CJrammar School in Eennet Street, 
entirely at iiis own charge, and he was also a liberal contributor to 
Harvard College. He died in 1739, much lamented. His eldest 
son, Foster Hutchinson, who graduated at Harvard College in 1721, 
died early. He left two sons, Thomas, Governor of the Stale, and 
Foster, (the second son of the same name). His daughters were 
married to Fwcv, William Welslced, Kev. Samuel Mather, Rev. Mr. 
Rogers, and Mr. Davenj)ort. 

Edward Hutchinson, the second son of Col. Elisha, was born 
1678, bred a mercliant, and was married in 1706 to Lydia, the 
second daughter of Col. Foster. He was much in the public busi- 
ness, serving as a Seli'etnum o{ \\\v low n, Rei)reseiitaiivi' to the Gen- 
eral Court, Colonel of the regiment, .ludge of the Court of Common 
Pleas, Judge of Probate for the County of SuliblU, and thirty years 
Treasurer of Harvard College. Ho sustained himself with good 
reputation in all these situations, and died, at an advanced age,, 
liiglily esteemed, in 17.32. He left three children; namely, Edward^ 
who graduated at Harvard, 17 IS, lived a great invalid many years, 



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30-2 '"*"''' Memoir of [Oct. 

and died iimnarried ; Sarali, who lived to old age, unmarried ; and 
Elisabeth, who married in 17-37 the Rev. Nallianiel Ilobbins of 
Milton, who was the father of the late Hon. I'ldward Hutchinson 
Robbing, who tjraduated at Harvard College in 1775, was Speaker 
of the House of Representatives, Judge of Probate for ihe County 
of Norfolk, and also Lieut.-GovL-rnor. He was also much em- 
ployed in other ways by the State in public business, as on impor- 
tant committees and boards of commissioners. 

Judge Robbins married Elisabeth Murray, daughter of Hon- 
James Murray, merchant, of Boston. Their children, who are still 
living, are Eliza, Sarah Lydia, who luarried Judge Sanmel Howe 
of Northamj)ton, Aiuie Jean, who married Judge Joseph Lyman of 
Northampton also, Edward Hutchinson, M. D., of Boston, graduate 
of Harvard College, Mary, who married Joseph Warren Revere, 
merchant, of Boston, Hon. James Murray of Milton, and Catharine. 

Lieut.-Governor Robbins was a man of undoubted native talents, 
good acquired abilities, fair moral character, and a faithful public 
functionary.^ 

* Ertrnct of a !.• lift from Cov. lT,itchinto)t to thr TF'/f. J. TT. n,//,-?,iji\oii. at Puhneriton, 
near DttlAin, lUitol Ftb. 1), 1112, i^iiiiiif some geiuiihiL'icii! dccuunt uf l/iejliinily. 

" Give nic leave, sir, now to tliaiiU you I'ur so particular an account of Mrs. Hutchinson's 
familv. I am unfortunate in one discovery. I am one remove farther from her than I ex- 
pected. We tiad, however, a conmion ancestor in America. William was the name of my 
ancestor. He had three hrothers. who were all in Tiosion about the year liVlfi. viz, Samuel, 
Edward and Richard. The motlier of lhc>e lour 1 find in a luMe ol' my g-randfather. [ wiioj 
died at a town called Vorlc, in the Pruvinoe of Maine, luit now part of this rroviiice. Wil- 
liam, as you may see in the first Volume of the Ili^tcirv, went to Kho<1e I>land, and was there 
Governor at the' het,MniunL' of the CuliMiy, and died ahuut lt>ll. Samuel lived till lii07, and 
died an old liachclnr. He was accountcil a scholar in those days. I kept a little [Imok] he 
luid wrote upon the Millennium, and a curious pair nf tobacco toners, t'rom a pious repurd to 
his memory. The latter I lost when mv Imuve was de>.lroyed. ]-^dward 1 met with traces of 
in London after he had been in New England, llichard returned ti> Eiii'land, was a^ent 
lor the colonv I'clure and nfier the ri>t.ir.ilioii. acquin'd ^'reat wealth in the irtin iiion::er way, 
I think m Ciieap<ide, and lost .tii'.D.UHi) m the lire in London. He had eight sons as you 
observe. Edward I suppose to be the ekle>t, for I have of his hand writing of a very 
early date, and he appears to be about the same standing- witli another lulward who was the 
eldest son of \\'il!iain and my g^reat grandfather. I trace no certainty of the other sons of 
Richard until Eliakim, the vount.'est. who was rather younger than a son of the last named 
Edward, wliose name was Elisha anil was my grandl'aiher This Ehakim died in Boston in 
the year 171^;, was one of the counsel many years, and lived to be near."^0. I remember his 
funeral, beingthen about six years old. He left an iiu'eniousson, whodied about three years 
after him, an<l left several children, yet living-, the el<lest named Eliakim about my age, and 
was, about '~'0 vears rl.'o, one of the counsel, and i.s now a judge of one of our county courts. 
He married a daughter of the late Lieut. (I'encial Snirley, and you may find the name oi' his 
eldest son, William Hutchinson, in the court register for 1771, as judgeof the Adiniraltv in the 
r>ahamas under his uncle, the present Gov. Shirley. Th.'se are all the posterity of Richard 
in New i;n;,dand, and they ha\e the honor of bciiii; one degree nearer to you than 1 am. 

" Nowlet mecive you William's posterity. He left many children, sous and daughters. 
The latter married, and have very iiuiiutous po^lerily ^eaitered throii^ihoiit New l^ngland ; 
liiit there is no po<.tcrily of any sou e.\ee))t the lldward I have mentioned. He married a 
Catherine Hainby, daughlerofa iidted counsellor at l.iw m Ipswich, in ICiigkuul.and in tlie year 
lfi7."i. bein^ the priiiei|ial oiilcer of the horse in the colony, was killed in a skirmish with the 
Indians, llis eldest and only son, who has left posterity', was Elisha, who made a ligiirc for 
many years in the colonv in every part, civil and military, in successn^n, excejit that of com- 
manl'cr-in-chief of the JVovincc'. He died in 1717 abiait the age of l\iehard's son Eliakim, 
and left two •-ons, the eldest df which, Tli.iina-^, was mv l.:tlur. who, f.r thirty years was of the 
Mas-iichuselt* Council, ami died in 17l'iiii the n-c of T'l, and de-^iTVi-d the tiitiizn vitae n» 
liiuil. as any man I ever knew. So lar the family has J.Mie wurthily. 1 hojie, theix-lnre, and 






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1847.] Governor ITiilchinson. 303 

Thomas HuTciiiNso>f, Governor of Massachusetts Bay under 
the second charter, and the more particular subject of this rneinoir, 
was the son of the Hon. Thomas Hutchinson, and was born at 
Boston, 1711, He was admitted into Harvard College, when only 
12 years of age. His progress in study was a subject of particular 
notice and applause. In 1727, he received his bachelor's degree ; 
but, instead of pursuing his studies and entering one of the learned 
professions, as it was expected he would, he engaged in mercantile 
business. In this, however, he did not succeed. He then applied 
himself to the study of the common law of England, and the 
principles of the British constitution, with reference to employment 
in public life. His townsmen, regarding him for his probity, 
honor, and capability, eh^ctcd him, in 173S, a Selectman. His 
prudence and fidelity were such that, even at this early period of 
his life, he was appointed by the town their agent to transact very 
important business in Great Britain, which he undertook and 
settled to their satisfaction. When he returned from London, he 
was chosen a Representative to General Court, and was annually 
elected for ten years succeeding, three of which, commencing with 
1747, he was Speaker. In the House of Representatives, he 
acquired great reputation, as possessing the charms of oratory 
beyond any man iu the Assembly. There was with him equal 
fluency and pathos. He could argue as well as declaim. He was 
active, diligent, plausible, and always seemed to be influenced by 
a patriotic spirit. 

At this period the country was much embarrassed by the public 
debt. This amounted to about X2,000,000, old tenor. All classes 
of the community suflered beyond description, especially clergymen 
and widows. All complained of the evil, but no one could suggest 
a remedy, until Mr. Hutchinson presented a plan of relief. Through 
his plan and influence d£l,792,236, old tenor, were redeemed, the 
rest of the debt not being called for at that time. This paper money 
at that time passed at the rate of ten to one, yet the Provincial 
authorities redeemed the debt at seven and a half to one. It re- 
quired for redeeming the last amount a fraction over X23S,964, 

I think I shall demonstrate thai the infurmntion yoii had of our relation to the res-'iciJe was 
not well founded. It i< certain that neither of us'desceiidcd from him. We have traced Mrs. 
Hutchinson's ancestor hack to Kichard, and in mc t)aek to 'William, his brnltier. Julin, the 
re^'icide, could nol po^sihly he their hither, f 'r their iimther died in New Enplamt. a widow, 
before the year IGIO. If he was of the family it i.s most likely he was the son vl' Edward, the 
brother of William and Richard, who 1 have reason to think had divers children. If he had 
been one of the st)iis of Kiohard it would appear fri>m his i)apers, of which I liave been 
informed there are many still remainiiip', in the hands of his t'reat jrrand>uii, the L'liakim 1 
have just now mentioned."' 









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ill liard money, al 20 shillings per pound. This sum of money 
was paid by the British government 1o IMassaciiusctts, to cancel 
their charge for assisting to capture and retain Louisburg.* 

Mr. Ilutcliin^on first propo^;i'J this plan to Gov. Shirley, who 
approved of it, lie then ollercil the same to the members of the 
House, who were unable to comprehend it. From respect to the 
Speaker they appointed a committee to examine it; but their 
report was not satisfactory to him. The plan, however, which 
their most experienced members were disposed to reject; which 
the most politic thought unwise; and which to commercial meu 
seemed impracticable, was al last, by his exertions, adopted, and 
found upon trial to be wise and judicious. The bill passed in 
1749. 

Many are the documents in the Massachusetts Archives, written 
by Mr. Hutchinson, while a member of the Legislature. These 
show that he was not only on the most important committees, but 
was, also, the one generally selected to make their reports. 

At the succeeding election, Mr. Hutchinson was chosen a mem- 
ber of his IMajesty's council, and was continued in that office till 
1766. 

When his uncle Edward Hutchinson died, in 1752, he succeeded 
him as Judge of Probate. His conduct in this office endeared him 
to many. He was tender and compassionate, had a generous sym- 
pathy for the children of aflliction, and often wiped the tear from 
the eye of the widow and the orphan. This Irait of character was 
exhibited in the benevolent and active interest he took in the wel- 
fare of the French Neutrals, who were expelled from Nova Scotia, 
in 1756, and sent to the liritish Provinces; especially of those who 
came to Massachusetts. 

In 175S he was appointed Licut.-Governor, and this appointment 
was gratifying to all classes of people ; but in 1760, when he 
received the commission of Chief-Justice, in the place of Judge 
Sewall, who had deceased, great otlcnce was given to some leading 
individuals in the state, and for a time the measure operated un- 
favorably to him. 

This year Gov. Pownall left the Province, and Lieut.-Gov. 
Hutchinson presided as Chief Magistrate. At one time he held the 
oflices of Judge of Probate, Councillor, Chief-Justice, and Licut.- 
Governor. The salaries of these oificcs, with the income of his own 
property, enabled him to live in a handsome and gentlemanly 

* Sec Tcll's MassacliuscU.i Currency. 



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1847.] Governor Hutchinson. 305 

manner. High life has its atlractloiis, and he ?eernccl greatly to 
desire \veahh, that he niiglit give a ?i)lendor and charm to his 
station. This may in some measure account for certain peculiarities 
in his conduct, characterized by profusion and parsimony. 

While Mr. Hutchinson oiRciatcd as Judge of the Supreme 
Court, he performed his duties so well that soon opi)osiiion to him 
ceased. His respect for religious institutions, his syinpathy with the 
distressed, his allability, his integrity, industry, and talents i)rocurcd 
in a very high degree, public conildence. He was so much a 
favorite of the Legislature in the year 17G3, that they appointed 
him agent to the court of Great Britain, by a vote almost unani- 
mous. The state of civil allairs in tlie country at that period was 
very critical, and seemed to demand special attention. But by the 
advice of Gov. Bernard, he was persuaded to remain at home until 
he should obtain permission to leave the Province, he being at that 
lime Lieut.-Govcrnor. He wrote to Lord Halifax respecting this 
subject, who gave him permission to visit England. But when 
this communication was received, the tide of his influence was 
ebbing, the popular gale had changed, and the General Court re- 
scinded their vote, and concluded not to send an Agent. At this, he 
was greatly disappointed ; but his friends could not relieve him, 
and his enemies rejoiced at his discomfiture. They had exerted 
themselves, totis viribus, to persuade the General Court that he 
was a man of arbitrary views, and would seek his own aggrandize- 
ment rather than the interests of the Slate. 

As he sympathized willi the mother country in her attempts to 
raise a revenue from the colonies, he of course became extremely 
obnoxious to the j^eoplc. The llrst measure adopted for this pur- 
pose by the British parliament was the Stamp Act, and a brother-in- 
law of Mr. Hutchinson, Secretary Oliver, was appointed distributer 
of stamps. The law was to go into eftect Nov. 1, 17Go. Just 
before that time had arrived, Jared Ingersoll, the distributer of 
stamps for Connecticut, arrived in Boston from London. When 
he left town, Mr. Oliver accoinpanied him a short distance, in con- 
sequence of which a mob Inuig him in elTigy on the " Great 'J'ree," 
or " Liberty Tree," which stood at what was then called South 
Boston, near the corner of Washington and Essex streets, about 
opposite Boylslon Market. The mob moreover destroyed a build- 
ing which he had erected, supposed to l)e designed for a stamp 
ollice, and also destroyt'd the furniture of his house. Mr. Oliver 
immediately resigned his ollice. In the evening the mob thanked 



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306 . Memoir of [Oct. 

him,aiKi made a bonfire on Fort ITill near liis house. The next 
evening the house of Mr. Hutchinson was attacked, a report being 
circulated that he had written letters in favor of the Stamp Act, 
but the chief damage was the ])reaking of the windows. In a few 
evenings after there was a more formidable assault. The mer- 
chants being displeased with the officers of the customs and of the 
admiralty, a mob was collected in the evening of Aug. 2G, 1765, in 
King street ; and, having first plundered the cellar of the comptroller 
of the customs, of the wines and spirits deposited there, proceeded 
with intoxicated rage to the house of Mr. Hutchinson, and, splitting 
the doors to pieces, destroyed or cast into the streets every thing 
which was in the house, and kept possession of it until daylight. 
Mr. Hutchinson was that night at the Castle. The damage was 
estimated at £2,500, besides the loss of a great collection of public 
and private papers.^ He received a grant of £3,194 175 Gd for his 
losses, and other sufferers received in the same proportion. The 
town, the next day, voted tlieir abhorrence of the riot ; but the 
public feeling was such that no person was punished. Even six 
or eight persons who were imprisoned for this offence were released 
by a company, who by threats obtained the keys of the prison from 
the prison keeper. 

The political controversy continued during the remainder of Gov. 
Bernard's administration, from 1765 to 1770; and Mr. Hutchinson, 
by taking his seat in the Council, in 1767, merely on the ground of 
being Lieut.-Governor, excited a prejudice and clamor against him* 
self His seat, however, was voluntarily abandoned, though he 
thought that the early practice sanctioned his claim. By the present 
constitution of Massachusetts, the Lieut.-Governor is c:c ojficio a 
member of the Council. The claim of Mr. Hutchinson, therefore, does 
not appear to have been very preposterous. In a few days after this 
occurrence, he was appointed l)y the Legislature to the important 
post of a commissioner for settling the boundary with New York. 

In 176S, the arrival of the troops at Boston increased the popular 
excitement against Mr. Hutchinson. At the request of the Govern- 
or, (Bernard,) he accompanied the sheriff to the manufactory house, 
to advise the occupants to leave it, as it belonged to the State, and 

* tleferrin^ to (his occurrence, Gov. Hutchinson in one of his private papers prcser\^etl at 
the Slate Ilouse, savs, " When I had proceeded as lar as the year 1730, [in my History] I 
was di-ip(issessed ol'ali my jiajjcrs ol"evei\' iviiid by an enratred, dthided mob. My manuscript 
hi-tiiry which had been scattered ahdut the stnets was all recovered, exeeptabou't lialf a score 
sheet'', when liie L'reatest j)art