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3 1833 01723 9531 



• ! 


N E W - E N G L A K 1) 

ital mia (iracalogical |ic(ii.ster. 




Pkintei) by Davib CLiPP &, Son. 
18 7 5. 

Committee o\\ fMMm, 

18 7 5. 


H. H. EDES, 



UO.M.Miri'Kfi ON runLlCAIiOX. 

AiBKKT H. HoYT, Lfcirs K. Paiok, 

.To:ix W'.viai ])k\..v, IIauky IL Edk.s. 

William U. Tow.nk. Jr;ui:HJ\ii Culk, k: 


»*■* I'lustmtioiis : rortniit of GF.OllOR B. UPTON {to f,ice paije \) ; Pliotolitho- 
graiiliic Fac-similcs of the Iiiindwiiiing of the llcvcicmlri Ztciiiniah v^'iTir.ics, Thojiias 
^h('Il;ll(l, Chiirlcs Morti'ii and Simon Bnid-trcet t^;/iife/j«y<? C9j; Coat-of-AnT]^ of thv: 
Townslicrid Fiiniily (page 97); Co:itof-Arms i;i:d to belong toa braiRlj of Ihe Menitt 
Fiiniily (page 109). 

I. Memoie OF GEOi:aE Erucl; Upton. T>w Walter AlUn 1 

II. DiAUT OF I)K. KzKA GiitEN., SurpcOTi 0)1 )iuai'd the Raiij^cr, siudcr r;ml .Jon'5, 

niih Notes by Com. Geo. i/wj-y Prci/e, U.S.N. 1.3 

III. The Wii.cox Family. \W W. H. nitllmore, A.M. ....... 23 

IV. GuruNi.A-vn, N. H. —' Mini-ticrial Rlcokvs. ( ContiiDud.) Com. 

by ihe Ha a. WiU'nun P. Hoincs 3(.i 

T. Pedxckee of Gorges, with Notes. Bv the l;ev. Frtdtrich Biuicn, I>I A., 

F..S..\ " 42 

VT. NAXTi.t'Kr.T i.\' Tiii: Revolition-. (Co>'-'m''i'd.) By A!eor'.(.;id'V Si/.arbuc?: . 4S 

VII. Marriages IN V.'est, 177 i-9i;. Com. hy Linn :m H. Bag g . ,5'c 

Vlll. Lettkr of RiCHARi) Prtpp, ToPrr^rTT-:-. --^ri •::; C.ii.I.j Charles Jl. Mi'r.ic (.10 
J.-V. J LUGES OF fKov; ATE, County OF Midllesex. Mass. Bv th:' Hon. WiUiai.'. 

A. Richardson, lA.'l). . . . . . . ' T.I 

X. ReC01;!5-B0OK of TTIE Fi1:ST Cll[-RClI IX CfIAl!LEST0'.VX,7\lAs.>. (CoiUivucd.) 

Com. Iiy James F Ilnnnewell (7 

XI. Tlie Oi.D CirFK'jn in Caxtox, Mass. l;y D. T. V. Hvntoon . 73 

XII. Tra>.>ffr OF Erin. (Continued.) By ihc Hon. T/ioyitai C. Amur^ . . SI 

XIIl. The To->,vxsiir.NP Family. 'E>y Charka Hervey Townsend .... 97 

Zi.IV. r.R.>OKFiELD ZdiM'TEMtx, 177-1. CoiR. \)y Hcunj F. Waters .... K>7 

XV. Destkuctiox of the Towx of York, Me. (Judge David t> v.-alTi Account.) 

Com, bv the \\.(jt\. Joseph \Villiainso7i, 108 

XVI. NoTKS AND Qferiks: 

Anci-Mit Forui.5 in t:ie Conveya-ico. of ProiKUty — Hur.-- of Robert and 
Jonatiir.ii Houard (il); OUver ar.d Joiiu Bony, (fiO); Children of the 
F^ev. ^'illiam ^V:,itoll, of MaibkdKad (C£); Ccat-i.f-Av.n.s attnbatrrt to a 
braneh of the Menitt Family — Halt— Huulodc — Kimlail Family; Ben- 
jamin and Joseph Cili.ert — Atkin.-on — Kint,' — Obtrn- -\Vinii(.w — .Josiah 
Wa.^hburn; V.'harfagc Kates on Lon^ Wiiarf, Eofti.'-i. m 1771 and 1871— 
Neheuiiah Gve'^-, M.D., F.R.S.— ^i:'.Jb:n•d^on Fainiiy — William Pierce ; 
Bankes — Ilathorne — Morcy— Henry Eiairae— PediL'Tie of Gorges (addi- 
tions and cuiTections) • . . . . 10l?-112 

XVII, Ni:cH0L0'>Y OF THE Nlw-F.nglanu Hi.-storic, Glvealogical Society: 

The flor. Oakes Ames — Edward Arin-trong— il;e Reir. Samuel Brazer 
Babeocl^, D.D.— the Hon. .John Premiss — the Hon. Charle.- Henry War- 
ren — Stalhain Wiiliam.s ...,...,,-. 113-117 

XVTII. Societies and their Proceedings : 

■ Nevv--Engla!id Historic, Gcnealn-ical Society I'Oct. 7, Nov. 4, Doc. 16); 
IS ev,--London County Historienl Society (Nov. 30); Riiode-lslanil Hi.-^tori- 
cal Society (Nov. 24); Nevv-Huven Colony H'storieal Society (Nov. 31); 
Historical Society of Delaware (Dec. 5) 117-124 

XIX. Notices OP Recext Pcblications: 124-157 

XX. Deaths . .- 128 

C'iT' S"hsi:rihiTS are i'.'iriiPstij r,y/'Ufsl>'il (■) remit the arno>'.nt of tJie'ir suhscn'idi'jii 
jfo .ToiiN W'aud Dea>:, 18 Somerset Street, Boston, ^lass., on the receipt of this 


Albert II. IIoyt, Lvcits 11. Paige, 

JoHNT Ward Dkw, IIahuy H. Eues. 

William E. Tov>-nk, Jkremiaii Coi.Btnx. 













CONTENTS — APE.n., 1275. 

•»« Illustrations : Portrait of M. GUIZOT {to face page 129) ; Purtitut of Dk. EZRA 
GREEN {to face pa'je 170), iir.d Silhouette of the i^atnc {pa<jc 173). 

I. MEMOin OF M. GrizoT. "By Dorm Clarke, D.l) 

IL Letter of Judge William Cushing. Com. by S. Whitneij PAani^ 
III. The MuNSON" OK MoNSOx Family, OF Cowx, hy Richard I7e».nj Greene 

IV. Nantvck;-.!- IN- THE Revolvtiox. By Ale.i-anocr Starhtwk 

V. Makuiag>:3 IX West Spkixgfield. Mass. Com. hj T,ijmun H. Bd'jg 
VI. EROOK.S Fahilv OF WoBUKN, Mass. Com. ]\y WilUnm R. Cutter . 

VII, Early Papekmills OF New-E,vgl.>,xd. lly tnc- Rot). ]l'i!!Uon Gooid 

VIII. Tkk Ekxxv-'T Family of Ii-s->.TiCH, ilASS. Ly John M. Bradounj 

IX. Ezra Gkfe.v, M.D. 1. Hi.-, Public Career. Bv Com. Geo. Hennj Preble, U.S y 
2, lii.s Pnvr.teLife and Clmrfu'ter. V'V h\i *<m, fV^'Uer C Grccii . 

X. Tbe FiLi?T Mlmsteu or Mkndov, Mass. By Jokji G. Mctcalf M.D. 

XI. Ti.AN-rKii OF Eaix. (Contmited.) By ihQ Hon. T/icmas C. AmorT/ 

XII. The Ilea, Marshall P Wilpek's Address before, the]i\-ii<i Historic, 

Gericulogioal Society, January 6, lS7o ........ 192-202 

XIII. Noxrs AXii QiERiES. Parentaire of Deborah C!urk, p^<so 157; Willhuii 

Hs;;\iey and Sarah ( Browne, 1S4; Comfort Starr, of Conn.. I'jl. 

Eiraia; ^V'iiliaia; Johi; Poole . 202-i;03 

XIY. Xi-CRO^OGT OF THE Nf.'.v-Exglan'd HISTORIC, GF.jri;ALor.ic.\L SociErv. 

Eiisba Tyson Wilson, M.D. ; Eliakim Litteli, Esq 203-206 


January 6, and I'ebri-.ary 3 . . . ' 205-2CS 

XVI. RtCF.NT Prr.LicATioxs. Acreliui's History ofXo^v-Fwcder! : Journal^ of the 

General Convention of the Frotuitam" E[.i.--co[jnl Chureii in the I'nited 
States, 1785-1^00 ; Papers Rolatins to the History of liie ClKirch in Massa- 
chusetts'. Lurned^s iiii'j:i<:y of Windham County, Conn.; Jfy/^^/ii'^ Storv 
of the " IJoinu> Dei " ot Portsmeurh [En^^ |, cvj-iil'k nly called the Roval 
Garviion Chnrcli; Siepe of Savannah in 1779 (Frenc:. aeccunt) : Jenness^s 
Isles of S.hoais; Frothingham' s Ovixikm, Jnly 4, 1874; The Colonial Re- 
cords oi Virginia; Geneaioyieal Memoir <n' the Newcomb Fanjily ; Trans- 
actions of the Royal Historical .*^oeiety; IV/'itc'i-ead's East Jersev under 
the Proprietary Governnieiifs ; Genealogy of the Weil-i Fiunily of Wells, 
Mi;.; Tiie Dawgjn Gentiiiogy ; Beardsltt/'s Lii'e and Correspondence of 
Samuel Johnson. 1^ D. : Th<? Historical Magazine; Towr's Coturibntioris 
to ti)e Annals of Mediea! Progress ; Deseendants of Ezeiviel X'-irthf-nd, of 
Rowley; y'eiU'n Masy land not a iloman Catholic Colony; Miscellaneous 
Publications 208-2'^l 

XVII. DE.VTHS 221-224 

Trie ohject and scope of the Register are stated on the Fourth pane of the 


^^ Connnuiucations designed for th^ Editor shoxdd he addressed to him at \^ ' 
Somerset Street, Hoston. 

Sul/scrij}'i'jnS: cud other h^isi/iess comiininications rdaiinrj to the Elgister, shoidd 
he sent to JouN '\\'AitD Dean, IS Soincrset Street^ Boston. 


^^ The vcxl f October) niimhcr of the Historical and Gknealogical 
IIkcjister will he dccotcd to a history of tJic Ccnttnnlal Cdcbratlons of the cv- 
rcnt year hi Ntw-Eng/and. 

CONTENT.^. -JULY, 1875. 

*■,* lllm'rutlfn : Portrait of TIMOTHY FARllAR, LL.D. {to face page 225). 
I. MF.MOi'i OF Timothy Faukak, LL.D. By tlie Rev. Samuel Lee, A.M. . 
II. Edvi'ard Gibf.ox axd Thomas Jeffersox. By Ahram E. Cutter, Esq. . 

III. Letter or Gov. E^.^VA^.D Wi.nslow to Gov. John WixTKifor, in 16U, iu Re- 

lation to p;;\r!y Matter? in Coiniccticut. Com. by Frederic K'dder, Esq. . 

IV. A List of Foktuaits axd Bi sts in Possession of Bkown ITnivf.rsity and 

of the Puovi!>f.nce Athex.tjvm. Com. by Darid IV. Hoijf, A.M. . 
V. The Xames" Maine" AND "New-IIamfshire." By Chas. \V. Tuttu, A.M. 243 

VI. A CoNTKiBrTiON TO DRAMATIC HisTORY. Bv tlic latc Jlon. William D. Wil- 

lia/.isoii, of Biirigor, Me. Com. by the Hon. Joseph WiHic.inson . . 244 

^'II. Letter of R. Smith and Christopher Gausden, oi Charles rox, S.C., 17G3 246 

VIII. Slavery ALWAYS ExcLrDED FROM Vermont. V-r Hilaiid Ha-f, LL.D. . 247 

IX. Will of John Bigg. (From a copy Ainii.-hecl by E. "VV. N. Starr, of MiiWIc- 

to\\'n, Coi)n.. and annotated by H'. 11. Wlritmore) 2.53 

X. B.^PTiSMS IN Dover, X. 11., 1717— 176'3. Cora, by John R. Ham, M.D. . . 261 

XI. Thi-, At.ofp Fakily of Maine. By Arthur M. Al^cr 270 

XII. Daniel Peirce of Newht-ry, Mass.. iG3S— 1677, and his Descendants. 

'Ry Albert H. Hoy t, A.M. . '. 273 

vTTT r-- _^^^^^_ luAts. Decfl bv Ralph and Elizabeth King to "William Browne. 

Com. hy Jere/.iiah Coiburn, A.M. 2S1 

XIV. Early Settlels IN Wi:.>T Springfield, Mass. Com. \>y Lyman H. Bag g . 283 

XV. RlcuBd-Book of the First in Charlestown. (Continued.) 

Com. by James F. Hunneicell, Es,q 200 

XVI. NoTjs ON American- IIistoky-. ( Continued.) No. III. Rt. Hon. Richard 
West, Loid Chancellur of Ireland. — No. IV. George Rug_lc, aiulior of 
some publications upon the Virginia Colony. — V. Maryland Colony's 
Locacy to Gia^^ow University. — Yl. liobert Dinwiddle, LL.D., Go'iernor 
of Virgiida, 17.53— 1757. By the Rev. Edward D. ydU .... 29.5 

XVII. The Marcy Family. By Frof. Oliver Marcy, LL.D 300 

XVIII. Notes and Queries: 

Eatrm's Ki.-t-jry of Reading, Corrections (2-52); John Dampney (260); 
Berjiinin Jon>'s and Elizabeth Vocden, of Salem (300) 
John liinckes : Randall; Hi-tory of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery 
Cuinpany; JuLnLorirg; Matthew Wright ; Indian Attack on Haverhill ; 
Aijigail Barnes, Josi.Ji Jones, E!i,:abeth Hopkins; Dr. Benjamin Jones, 
of Beverly ; The of the Constitution ; John Man-field, 1C61 ; 
Ashael Porter, killed at Lexington, April 19, 177-5; Cuurt Expenses, 
"?alem, lfi.S7; Fir,>t Salute to the Stars and Srripes; James WalKer, of 
Taunton; Brig.-Gen. David Wo(.ster ; Capt. Eluatlian Beach; Edward 
Waring; John, 1677 ; Durkee Genealogy; Philip Moore: Ex- 
tracts from a Private Diary kept in Dorchester, Mass., about the Rev. 
Jonathan Bowman ; James Cr.igie ; Samuel Ingersoll, Masters, Benja- 
min Allen, Nichola'< ^^oodbury, Plasgravc ; Pearson : ^\'ash- 
ington's Wi-rTejit; J jhn Patrick; Lieuf. Lion Gardiner; ^ViiIiam R,ay- 
nor; James Johnson, Joseph Jewett, Peter Oliver, Nicholas Willis, Benja- 
min Smith; the Rev. Ephraim Abbot ; the Buikclcy Family 314-S21 
XIX. NECROLoriY OF the New-England Historic, Genealogical Society: 
The Hon. Hcnnau F">ter, the Hon. Nathan Sargent, the Hon. John 
Romeyn B'-odhead, Daniel Denny, Esq.. Anson Parker Hooker, M.D., 
Jonathan Towne, Esq., the Hon. Ralph Dunning Smith .... 322-.32S 
XX. Societies and their Proceedings ; 

New-England Hi-t^nc, Genealo^•i;•al Society, March 3, April 7 ; Elaine 
Historical Society, February IS; Riidde Island Hisroriciii Suciety, Jan. 19, 
February IG, March 2, March 16, April 6. April ,13, May 11 ; New-Jersey 
Hi-torioil Sociery, January 21 ; State Histcirical Society of Wisconsiii, 
April 9; Historical Society of Delaware, January 14, ". . . . 

XXI. Recent FcblicA-tions 

XXII. Deaths ....... 


Albert H. Hott, Lucius R. Paige, 

John Wi.RD D'^^.x, Harry H. Edf.3, 

"VV'illiam B. Towne, Jeremiah Coleuex. 

^^ The Coutents of this Number of tlie Regi^?te^ have been publislieu in a sepa- 
rate vohime, eutitled " CLXxrNNTAL Oiiations Coh^iemorative of the Oi'kn- 
INO Events of the American Revolution; avitji other Proceedings. 
1874 — 1875;" with a portrait of Joseph AYarreii. The eJiiion io limited to 
2.'>0 copies. Price, iu jiapcr covers, $1.50; in miisliii, S2.00. 



%* Musf ration : Portrait of JOSEPH WARREN (to face page 341). 

By Abnes C. Goodell, Jr., Esq. ..... 

By RiCHAKD 11. Dana, Jr., LL.D 

By Geo. William Curtis, LL.D. 

17, 1775. 
By the Hon. Charles Devens, Jr. 

By Andrew P. Px^aboi-t, D.D., LL.D. .... 

By the Hoii. Henry Armitt Brow>' 



Li Philadelphia. September 5, 1874 
In Salem, October 5, 1874 
In Lexington, April 19, 1875 
In Concord, April 19, 1875 
In Boston, June 17, 1875 
In Cambridge, July 3, 1875 


Lexington Celebration ....... 502 

Gen. Putnam's Ride to Concord ..... 503 








General Index and Title Pa^e to Vol. XXIX. 

*^* Index of Names to Vol. XXIX. 



Albert H. Hott, 
John Ward I'ean, 
William B. To-v^ne, 

Luc Its R. Paige, 
H. H. Edes, 
Jeeemiah Colbven. 


[Index of Names of Persons at the end of the Volume.] 

Abbot, Kphraim, note on, 321 

Alibama, dern-edauocs of the, 8, 11 

AUen, Bt/iijaajiu, notf; on, 319 

Araericac i'l.-.^, firat display in a British ;>ort, 6 ; 
flrac recogLitiun of, by fl^g of France, 15, SIT 

AmericaD liistorj, notes : Rt. Hon. Richi^rd West, 
George Kuu-gle, >itiry'.and Ct'lonisi a legucy to 
G!:i3g'0''f Uoiversity, Kcbert Dla^TiuJit, 2'Sh 

AdiS, Cukes, 113 

Ancient a!:d Ecncrable Artillery Cotnr-any, h'story 

Arohdalo,.Tohn, cote on, 43 
Ann3. {Sk^ Coats of Arms.) 
Atkinson, note en, 110 
Antograiihs of — 

Timodiy I'arrzr, 2C5 ; Eira 9re«n, 123 ^ Oai«ot, 

129 ; George B. Uptoc, 1 

Banker, note on, 112 

Baptijiis and binhj. (See Records.} 

Btaoh, query, 318 

Bennet, gensaiogy of, 165-1 TO 

Eigg, John, will oi', 253 

Berry, aote on. '/O 

Biographical aV.-tibei c' — 
Oakes Au33, 113 John Lyvcrett, 62 

tdward Armitron?, 113 E'.iakixn Ijittell, 207 
fianu-ii h. Lahcocs. i'j.4 tbenezer Miiier, 75 
Mrs. Martha II. Bate?, 125 John Prentiss, Hi 
John li. Erodhead, 3'2i OUrer Prescott, 64 
Oliver Chace, 2^2 James Prescott, 65 

■T^ease Carr, 123 £iisha Prescott, 123 

■ ''Wuiain Ciarlc, "T Jonathan Keniingtcn, 8S 

amufcl D-inforth, 63 Daniel U. iioUius, 223 

Henry Ware D..-ane,339 Qeorje liug-le, 206 
Taaiel Don.iy, 325 James Russeli. 61 

Robert Diuwiao'e, 2S'» Nathan Sargent, 323 

Margery Poppe— eU 

Drew, 339 
Cyrus Ealun, 223 
Romeo Eltjn, 471 
£amutl P. Fay, erj 
Berman Fo.<ter, 22 
Imnc-s Foxcrcft, 62 
■Warren P. G-.oiin, S3d 
Ezra Green, 173 
Alfred Gre^L'.eaf, 4T3 
Joshua II-,:rri;'>;, 12S 
Acson P. Uooker, 32G 

Wiiiiam H 'jtir-ard, 338 
Ralph D. smith, 32.! 
Tiiomaa Soocn;r, 340 
Jonathan Towne, 328 
Jovjl S. Tattle, 340 
Charles H. Warren, 118 
Richard West, 296 
William A. Wheeler, 224 
Stalham Williams, 116 
TAisba T. Wilson, 203 
Johu Wlntbrop. 64 

Blague, note on, ll'J 
EooK Notices — 

American Eibliopolist, 3S8 

Adoricaa Historical P.ecord, 128 

Boston, Uratiua before the City QoverniceDt and 

Citizens of, July 4, 1371, 214 
BvLxton,. 31e., Report of the Proceedings at the 
Celebration of the First Centennial Celebra- 
tion uf Aaniversary of the Incorpcation of, 125 
Ccit Family, xSr-a^clv^ of, 125 
Congres.s of 1774, Oratioil in Carpenter's Hall 
on ti;e One Hundredth Anuirersary of meeting 
Cf, o37 


Book-JTotices — 

Dawson, Robert, of East Haven, Conn., De- 
scendants of, 217 
Dawson Family, 217 
Uibtoricai Mag^-irie. 21S 
History of the Church in Massachusetts, 1776— 

17S5. 211 
Isles of Shoals, 213 
Jersey, llast, under the Proprietary Govem- 

r;ents, &;c , 216 
Johnson, Sarsuel, D.D., Life and Correspond- 
ence of, 21S 
Leavenworth Family, genealogy of, 125 
Madison, Wisconsin, History of, 127 
Maine Historical Society, Catalogue of Members, 

Maryland not a Roman Catholic Colony, 220 
Medical Progress and Medical Education ia the 

United Statts b-:fore and during the War of 
- Indeperdence, Conthbutions to the Ar^aals of, 

Newcomb Family, Genealogy of, 214 
Kfcw-£ng!and, Historical Relation of to English 

Commonwealth, 338 
New-Sweden, Hutory of, 208 
Notes and Qaeries (London), 339 
Northend, Ezeiilel, of Rowley, 219 
Persons of Quality, Emigrants, &c., who went 

from Great Britain to the American I'lanta- 

tioas, I'lOO— 1700. 3G5 
PortsmoiUh [England], Story of the " Domus 

Dei" of, 212 
Protestant Episcopal Church In United St.'»te8, 

17g j — i.^5T, List of Deaconi ia, and Icdes to 

same, 127 
Protestant Episcopal Church ir the U. States, 

2785 — Ib35, Jotu'cals of Geae/al Conventions 

of, 200 
Royal Historical Society, Transactions of. 215 
Saranoah. Siege of, in 177;), 213 
Stoningtou, Conn., History of First Cnnerega- 

tional Church of, 167.i — 1S74. and Bi-Centea. 

nial Proceedings, June 3, ls74, 333 
Virginia, Colonial Records of. 214 
Weils Family of Wells, Me , 216 
WindiiHrn County, Conn., 212 
Woodmans of Buxton, Mc, genealogy of, 125 

Boston wharfage rates, 1771-1S71 

Boston. (See Centennial Celebrations.) 

Brjokfield minute men, 177 i, 107 

Brow:ie, note on, 1S4 

Brown, Da-.nd, will of, 299 

Brown University, portrait and basts, 240 

Bruce, George, siicich of, 4 

Balkel-y— genealogy, 321 

Bunker Qiil. (f^^e Ccntenniil Celebration's.) 

Cambridge. Mass. f 3«e Certennial Cslebratiom.) 
Cinlon, Mass., churc!' records. 73 
Castine, Me., sket;;r>, 244 
Centennial Celebrations — 

Battle of Bunker Hill, 395, 473 


General Index. 

Centennial Celebration?— 

Eittle of L'rxin;, 367, 415 

Carobridwce. Waihiugtua's taking comcaud or 
army. 416, 490 

CoaiorJ a^tit. lioO, 46i 

Voil.idsli.liia, mrcting of Crst continental con- 
gress, 4'2'i, 443 

Saltm, nj'rttiiig of prorincisl congioss, 342, 444 
Charleito'vn church rsconls, 67, 230 
Church records, 67, 73, 261, '290 
Clarendon- lohiiSoD treaty, 3 
Clark, Ceborah, 167 
Coats of Arms — 

Merr.u, 103 

Tjwnshend, 97 
Concord, Mass. (See Centennial Celebrations.} 
CoustitutioQ, figurc-hefid of the sh'p, 316 
Connecticut, Gov. >VinsloTT'3 letter (1644), 23T 
Craiirie, J<inie8, 313 
Cuihiug, Hon. WUiiam, letter i>f (1793;, 135 

Deaths, carrent, 12o, 2C1, 309 

Depositions of — . 

ZebulonH-:il,41; Lydia Beanet, 165; Benjam^ti 
Morj^an, 166 ; James Johnson, 321 

Diary of Erra Orrtn, M.D.; 15 

Dinsriddie, Gov., 2'.»S 

Dorchester, ilas^. (175':>-1775). 313 

D'lver, N. H., bai-tismi (1717-1756), 2ol 

Durkee family, 313 

Early ministerial record', Dover, 261 ; (Sreenlacd, 

^^'jamlsKusseil (1709), 61; Daniel Veirce (1704), 
^76; Benj;imin Peirce (17-'l), 277; Joshua 
Loring (17U\ 31.6 j John Patnci (1807), 320 

Erin, transS-.r of, 81, Iso 

Errata, 202, 252 

rort Independence, histoi-y of, 203 
Varrar, Timotby, memoir of, i;25 
First canister of Mendon, ila's., ISl 

Gardiner, Lt. Lion, o21 
Qenealoijy and Genealog; 
Abbott, C21 
Algtr, 271 
Allen, 319 
Ames, 113 
Armstrong, 113 
Atkinson, 110 
Bibcock, 114 
Bates, 128 
Bennel, i66 
Be-ry, 60 
Bigs, 253 
Blague, J 12 
Biodheai, 324 
Bro-k3, 153 
Browne, i?4 
Bulkeiey, 321 . 
Can-, 12S 
Craigie, 313 
Cham;jeruoirn, 45 
Dampiiey . 260 
Deccy, 325 
Eaton, 222 
Ea-Tar, 225 

Foster, 322 

Gilberi, 109 

Gibbc-n, 2;'6 

Gorges, 42, 112 

Green, 17"^ 

GreT, 111 

Hale, 109 

Hdiaome, 113 

Herrick. 123 

Ilirck'j'", o''4 

Ku^'ulns. ol5 


Eunlock. 109 

IiiKsrso!!, 319 

JeW3tt, 321 

■cal Notes of Families of — 
Johnson. 321 
Jones. 315 
Kimba',!, 100 
King, 1'.'.0 
Ltngrton, 313 
Lee, 304 
Litteli, 204 
Loring, 315 
Mansfield, 317 
Marcy, 301 
Hasters, 319 
■ Moore, 31S 
Morey. 112 
Monson, 139 
Marcy, SOI 

C'bern and OslKime, 110 
Odell, 203 
Oliver, 321 
Palsgrave, 319, 320 
Pearson, 319 
Peirce, 273 
Pierce, 111 
Poole, 20-3, 252 
Porter, 317 
Prentiss, 115 
Prescott. 128 
Randall, S15 
Rayaer, 321 
Reed, 223 
Richardson, lU 
Rollins, 223«nt, 323 

Smith, .321, 326 
cpoouer, 340 
To\me. 329 
loiTEsliend, 97 

Genealogy and Genealogical Notes of F,nmilie» of — 
Upton, 1 Williams, 110 

Voeilen. 300 Willis, 321 

Walton, 66 Wilson, 203 

SV.'.rrcU, Jo ->V;:;ji„w, 110 

Vashbucn, 110 Woodbury, 319 

W a-rinan, 316 ^/ouster, 318 

V.-h. eler. 224 Wright, 316 

Wil'.-ox, 25 
Gibbon, Kdward, and Thomas ^ ?£fi?n<on, 2o3 
Gilbert, Benj. and Joseph, Mil. Commissions, 110 
Glasgow L'oiver'sity, legacy to, 29S 
Gorges, pedii,'rec, 42, li2 . „ ^t 

Green, Eira, dia.'-y of, 13 ; nieuoir £.nt» portrait oi, 

. Greeriland, N. H., church records, 30 
Grsiv:. note on. 111 
Gaiiot, memoir and portrait of, 120 

Hale, note, 109 

Hammon^1,fl-ig-of-traco, capture, 53 

Haske'.l, D- N." resolutions en, 207 

Hathorne, note, 112 

Haverhill, Indian attaci on, 316 

He.iley, note, ls4 

HiQckes, note, 314 

Heraldic Qaery— Merritt, 109 

Hopkins, note, 316 

Howard, note, 41 

Hunlcck, note, 169 

Pi^trrifal Societies, proceedicss ot — 

Delaware, 123, 335; Maine, 3£0 ; New-Ens'.ano 
Fiitcric Genealogi^l, 117. 206, o23 ; Nfe%v.K»i\en 
Coiouy, 122; Kew-jersev, 332; .Sew-^U(.ou 
Coaniy, 121 > Bhode-Islaad, 121,331 ; Wisconsm, 

Hlustrations— Portrait of Geo. B. Cpton, 1 ; Fac- 
simile of tw,-) paces of Charlestown Cb.. records, 
63-69 i cca:-of-arm» sa'd to belong to the MernUs, 
109 ; portrait of Guiiot, i2',> ; portrait .1 Dr. Ezra. 
Green, 170 ; portrait of Timothy Farrar, 22b i Jo- 
seph Warren, 341 

Indians, attaclt on fiaverbiU, Mass., 310 

IngerscU, note, 319 

Jefferson, Thomas, and Ed«vard Giobon, 233 
Jones, John Paul, command of Ranger, lo ; ergage- 

ment of, IS, li», 20 
Jones, note, 300, 318 
Judges of Probt'.te, co. Midddeies, 61 

Kimball, note, 109 
King, note, 110 

Lancdon, note, 31S 
Leonard, George, the loyaiist, 48 
Letters tron. — _ . . ,-,~.-^\ 

William Clark (1770), 78; William Cusmng (1^93), 
138 ; Christopher Gadsden and K. 3mith (175S), 
246: Ezra Ureen(n76), 170, (1777), 171; Charles 
i^um'ner (ISOi;, 200; Richard Price (1705), 00; 
Geo. B. Upton, 10, U ; Eilwai-d W'.usicw (i644), 
237; Daniel Webster (1819), 229; Isriel Pu'-nam 
(1775), 503-4 
Lexington. (See Ctntennial CeUoTaiions.) 
Living Age, sketch of, 204 
Long, ui/te, 315 

Maine, origin of name, 109 
iiaiif'ield, John, 317 
M<LSUr8, note, 3ly 

Memoirs— George B. Uptoa, 1; M. Guizot, 123 ; 
Ezra Green, 170 ; Tiirothy Faxrar, 226 j Danial 
Peirre, 273 
Mendon, lirst mitjistcr of, 181 
Mcmtt, note- Wi , ,,^ c. 

Marriages) in W.'tit Springlieia, Mass. (1774-6t)}, 54, 

Military cnuiniis^lons, 110 
Moore, Philip, qaery. 318 
Muiison, geue-.ilogy oi) 133 

Kantucket ia tbs Revolution^ 4S, 141 

General Index. 

Nccrolo^jKes. (S-:'e Ohituary ffotices.) 

New-Kn^'land Ilisto-ic, GcneAlogical Society— Presi- 
dent 'iVilder's Annual Addr0r?,192i Antiual Sleet- 
ing, 206 ; Necrology of, 113, 203, 322 ; I'roceeUinga 
of, IIT, 206, 328 ; Of'acers of for 1875, 2'^^ 

Obituary noticea, 113-17, 12:, 203-05, 221-24, 323- 
28, 339, 340 

Oboron, n^te en. 110 

OJell, note on, 203 

Orations, Centennial — by IXenry Armitt Brown (Phi- 
ladelphia, Sept. 6, 18:-1\42(3 ; by A. C Goodell, 
Jr. (^i^V-m, Oct. 6, 1S74), 341 ; by Richard TL. 
Dana (Le.Tineton, April 19, 1S75), 367 ; by Geo. 
William Cur is (CoLcord, April 19, 1S75), 380; 
bv Charles Devtns, Jr. (Buoker Hill, Juue 17, 
18761,395; by Andrew P. Peabody (Cambridge, 
July 3, 1S75), 418 

P'^^Isgrave, ncto on, 313 

Pipermiils in >'ow-Ecglend, early, 168 

Patrick, query, 320 

Pearson, 319 

Pedigrees. (See Ger.ealoi^ies.) 

Pelrce, genealoiry of, by A. E. Hoyt, 273 

Philadelphia. (See Centennial Ceiebrationa.) 

Pierce, V illiam, note on. 111 

Poole, John, noti; on, i03 

Porter, Asahel, C19 

Portraits and Basis in Brown University and Provi- 
dence AtheLaam, 240 

Pcri,ri;i3. C- ->^ i;/:-.i:,-u;.o.ji.) 

Price. Kichird, letter of, 60 

Prentis>, John, ob'tuiry uotice of, 115 

Vrivat-ers, capture of, 4? 

Probate, Judge.; of, MiddleaeA-, 61 

Proccedin{;3. (See Historical Societies and Cen- 
tsuniai Celebraiions.) 

Prop -Tty, anciejt farmi of conveyance of, 41 

Proridence Aihenajum, portraits and busts in, S40 

Qceriss (Sf^ 2Yo:es aui (Queries.) 

Bandal! familv, query, 315 
Ranger, the ship, 13-24, 172 
Eayner, \f ilLam. note on, 321 
Readia-:, Mass., Hist. of. corrections, 252 
RicharJson family, note on. 111 

Records, church and ministerial — Canton, Ms;?., 
73-80 ; Charleslown, Mass., 67-72 ; Vov.r, N. II., 
201-70 ; Greenland. N. H., 30-41 } ^681 Spring- 
field, Mass., 54-69, 146-62 

.Salem. (See Centennial Celcb.-alio^s.) 
Sak-m, court expenses in 1637, 317 
Selkirk, Earl of, attempted seizure of, 20 
Slavery ait ays excluiied frcu; Vertnout. 247 
Springfield, Vs', Mass.. aiRrnagea iu (1774-9C), 

54, 140 ; early settlers in, 2S3 
South Caroliua. letter from, 17Go, 5^46 
Star, Coiufort. qu-:;ry, 191 
Stars and Stripes, first saliiten of, 15, 317 
Stiles. Y.7TA, letfrto Ki'^hard Prii-e, 60 
Scllolk Co. Concreea, 73 
Swampscott, Mass., deed of a part of, 281 

Taller, Lt. Gov. William, proclamation (1715), 62 
Townsend, Hannah, note on, 47, 140 
Tovfnshend, genealo^. 97 
Transfer of Erin, Sl-96, 135-198 

Upton, George B., memoir of, 1 

Vermont, slavery always excluded frocQ, 247 
Voedea, Elizabeth, 300 

Walker family, 318 

Walton, William, 66 

Wareing, Edward, 31S 

Warreu, Chwles H., 116 

Washburn, Josiah, 110 

Washington's war-tent, 319 

Watermiiii, Samuel, 316 

Webster. Daniel, letters of, 229-30 

Wilcox fe:jilT, gencdiegy, 25-29 

Wilder, M. P., address of, 192 

Williams. Stalham. 116 

Wills— John Bigg, 253 ; David Brow3, 293 ; Mary 

Wilcock, 27 
Wilson, Elisha T., 203 
Wioslow faniUy, 110 
Winslow, Gov. Edward, letter of, 237 
Woodbury family, 319 
Wooster, Gen. David, 313 

York, Me., destruction of, 103 



Historical anj) Genealogical 

h i^j br 1 b 1 ih it . 


Y L . X X I X . — J A N U A R Y , 18 7 5 





David CLArp &c. Sox, Piuntees. 
334 Washi.noton St. 



S^jK ft>^ 






JANUARY, 1875. 


By Waltek Allek, of Newton. 

TJIE Lite Hon. George Bruce Upton, who died in Boston on tlie 
first day of July, 1874, was bom in Eastport, Maine, on the lltii 
day of October, 1804. He had nearly completed the '' tb-ree-score 
years and ten," allotted as the terra of useful human life, and none 
who knew what industry had characterized all his years from early 
youth questioned that he had done a strong man's ftill share of ^^ ork. 
The phrase " gathered to his fathers " has in his case a fine signi- 
ficance, for he was descended from a race distinguished in many 
generations for qualities that shone forth in his life -svith uncommon 
brightness. He was in the sixtli generation from that John Upton 
who can'ie to this country about the middle of the seventeenth cen- 
tury, probably a peunyless prisoner banished by Cromwell, and died 
in 1699, possessed of broad farms in Middlesex county, then as 
now a prosperous and well cultivated section of the state. There 
is no record by vrhich it can be certainly known from what race he 
was sprung, but tlic family tradition is that both he and liis wife 
were Scotch people. There is evidence that he possessed the thrifty 
trait that is commonly supposed to inhere in Scotchmen. At all 
events, towards the close of the year 1658 he began purchasing land 
in Salem village (subsequently Danvers, now Peabody), and the 
deed of conveyance mentions that he was " sometime of Hammer- 
smith,*' a name given to certain iron works and the village clustered 
about them within the bounds of the present town of Saugus. 
Eight years later he purchased about 500 acres of land in Reading, 
at which place he afterwards resided until his death, which occurred 

' The writer of this memoir acknowledges his indebtedness for the particulars of Mr. 
Uptcu's life to " The Upton .Memorial," prepared hy John Adams Vinton ; to "A History 
of the Latv. the Courts ami the Lawyers of Maine" by William Willis; to the volume eu- 
titlfid " Boston Past and Present," ar,d to Mr. George Bruce Upton.. 
?0L. XXIX. 1 

2 The lion. George Bmice Upton. [Jan. 

on the lltli July, 1G99. The deeds recorded show- that he was a 
frequent purchaser of land during his life. At his death he owned 
more than a thousand acres in different parcels, valued in the inven- 
tory at £813 5s. His pereon<J estate was valued at £167 IDs. Gd., 
iucluding a "negro boy, thirteen years old, £30" ; " 2 feather beds, 
20 pairs of sheets* and table linen £21"; and " 9 platters, 7 basins, 
7 pon-ingers, 2 plates, 1 flagon, 2 cups, 2 quart pots, all of pewter, 
£3 16." Xot an article of silver plate or crockery or glass was 
possessed by this prosperous farmer. John and Eleanor Upton had 
fourteen children, of whom sLx sons and two daughters were living 
at his decease. By his will he apportioned his landed estate to his 
Bons, and, it appears, desired it should always remain in the family, 
for the tenth item of his will is as follows : 

"My will is y- the severall parts and parcells of Land and medow as they 
are above given and bequeathed sliaU be and remain a true heireship to tlieir 
severall children lawfully begotten from generation to generation forever, 
so that iQv sonnet -John Upton, James Upton. Willia" Upton, Samuel Up- 
ton, Ezekiol Upton, and Joseph Upton nor theire children shall not sell or 
give or in any way disoose of the the (sic) same without it be to and among 

This provision of the will has not of course been fulfilled to the 
letter, but it availed to keep the family together longer than is usu- 
ally the case in this country.^ 

George B. Upton was descended fi'ora the fii\h son, Samuel (b. 
October, 1664. married Abigail Frost) , to whom with his brother 
"William, sixteen months older, the Salem fann and the negro boy 
were bequeathed. "WTiat they inherited they held and enjoyed in 
common until 1708, when the farm was divided by running a straight 
line through it : but this division of property seems not to have been 
on account of any disagreement, for, although each married and 
there were ten cliildren born to each, most of whom survived their 
parents, they lived in one house all their days, at least fifty years. 
They bought and sold land together, and were taxed together, and 
taxed alike in both the parish and town books. They sat together 
in the meeting-house, and their wives sat together. They held their 
negi'o servant together, and together manumitted him in 1717. 
Adter this incontestable evidence that they had been lovely in their 
lives, it is just to add that in death they were not long divided. Both 
before death made a transfer of their property to their sons in order 
more effectually to carry out their father's purpose of an entail. 
The property thus conveyed by Samuel has been kept in the line of 
hid descendants to the present generation. 

Amos, the great-grandfather of the subject of this sketch, was the 
fourth son of Samuel. The date of his birth is not known, but he was 

1 Mr, George B. Upton traced his ancestry back thron?;h different branches to the 
fo!!owiDg enrly settlor? of New-Eufrland :— John Upton, 1651; Geoi-gc Bruce, 15-30 ; JoLin 
Putnam, 1634; Henrie SaincsoP; who can\e in tne Mayflower, 1620 i \Villiaia Ciirk, 1G21 ; 
Daniel Lo-vett, 1640 ; Kithard liulchiuson, of Salem, 163-1. " 

1875.] The Hon. George Bruce Uj)ton. 3 

baptized in Danvers, October 20, 1717. lie married Sarah Bick- 
ford, of Salem town. The house in uhich he lived in Nortli Head- 
ing is still standing and occupied by one of his descendants. He is 
described as " a man of great energy and stern puritan principles,'' 
and '" Deacon Amos Upton " was known and respected in all that 
region. His widow survived him thirty-eight years, dying in Xorth 
Reading in 1818, being within four mouths of one hundred years 
old. She remembered having seen and talked with people who v/ero 
living in this country previous to 1G50. ]\L\ Upton used frcquont- 
ly to speak of the fact that he had talked with a person who had 
talked vdth persons who lived in JMassachusetts before 1650. 

Benjamin, the second sou of Amos, spent his life in North Bead- 
ing, where he was born May 7, 1745. He married Eebecca, a 
granddaughter of the Bev. Daniel Putnam, first minister of the 
parish of Xorth Beading. He was a man of respected character 
and much influence, who delighted especially in discussion of theolo- 
gy, " holding the doctrines of the "Westminster Catechism in tlicir 
fullest extent, with an ardor which nothing could quench and with 
a firmness which nothing could abate." He was much employed in 
the public affairs of his neighborhood, held several honorable local 
offices and represented the town in the legislature. 

His second son was named Daniel Putnam Upton, born August 
12, 1775, and graduated at Harvard College in that distinguish- 
ed class of 1797, of vvhich the venerable Horace Binney, of 
Philadelphia, is the sole survivor. He became a lawyer, being ad- 
mitted to the bar of the court of common pleas in Machias, !Me., in 
the year 1800. He had pursued his law studies in that remote town 
vdth Phineas Bruce, Esq., whose sister, Hannah Bruce, of Mendon, 
Mass., he married in 1801. Why Mr. Upton went to Machias in- 
stead of Boston to study, is not certainly known. It was a step at 
variance with the trait of attachment to the locality of home that 
seems to have been miusually prominent i: i the family, certcinly 
in this branch of it. Immediately upon his admission to the 
bar he settled in Eastport, a town of but 550 inhabitants, situated 
on an island, between which and Machias, the county seat, where 
but one court a year was held, thei-e was an untracked forest, the 
only communication being by water. He was adm.itted to the su- 
preme court in 1803, and commissioned a justice of the peace in 
180-1. Two children were born to him here, Daniel Putnam in 1803, 
and George Bruce on the 11th of October, 1804. Having contract- 
ed a pulmonary disease he returned to his father's house in Reading, 
and died there on the last day of the year 1805. In William Wil- 
lis's " History of the Law, the Courts and the Lawyers of !Maine," it is 
said of him : " Early death deprived the profession of a member, 
who, under more favorable auspices, would have been its ornament 
and a valuable acquisition to the State." His widow, who was his 
senior by seven years,, never married again, but lived respected and 

4 The Hon. George Bruce Upton. [Jan. 

honored for more than fifty years, cherishing his memory -with un- 
affected tenderness. She was a woman of extraordinary natural 
gifts conscientiously cultivated, whose death was sincerely lamented 
by a wide circle of friends Avho kne-\v and loved her. 

Of such an ancestry was George B. Upton sprung. If it could 
be said of liim that in his character and life he reflected no discredit 
upon it, that would be honorable prait;e. But he did more than this. 
He exalted the name and the virtues that he inherited. He had the 
industry and thrifty habit of the Scotch John, but they ministered to a 
liberal disposition. He had the love of his kin, which was charac- 
teristic of Samuel ; and the respect of human rights which led Samuel 
and his brother to free their slave while it was yet lawful to hold him, 
was manifested in his descendant by a cordial support of the policy 
which brought about the emancipation of a race. He was not infe- 
rior to deacon Amos in energy of character and resolute adherence 
to convictions. Though less fond than his grandfather, Benjamin 
Upton, of theological debate, he was not less firm in his religious 
fiiith, and on a wider stage exhibited a similar aptitude for public 
affairs. His father had a,fine mind, trained by a liberal education, and 
acquired in his very brief professional career the reputation of " an 
accurate laAvyer." But the son, without the advantage of a collegiate 
education, became an educated man, thoroughly disciplined by expe- 
rience and study, full of various knov/ledge, and able to maintain 
his cause with credit against adepts in controversy. In him the 
special talents of a sturdy line were united and developed to a 
higher degree, producing a man strong, enterprising, honorable 
and distinguished in a community where the remarkable men are 

After the death of ]Mr. Upton's father, his mother removed from 
Eastport to Billerica, Mass., where she lived with her brother, j\Ir. 
George Bruce. 

This gentleman, a Boston merchant, had acquired a sufficient for- 
tune for those days of moderate wants, and wlien his sister became a 
widow, he purchased a house with some land in Billerica, where not 
only she and her two boys, but his aged mother, his maiden sister, 
and an orphan niece, found a happy home. The place was chosen 
partly on account of its superior academy, then under the direction 
of ^Ir. Samuel Whiting, a teacher of high reputation, and partly on 
account of its cultivated society. ]Mr. Bruce seems to have been a 
gentleman whose chief pleasure was in doing good. His home was 
a seat of social refinement and of a cordial hospitality. Here IV Irs. 
Upton lived with her children until they went away to win their 
place in the world. She watched over them with an unusual solici- 
tude to form their minds and characters in accordance with high stand- 
ards, and certainly succeeded in fixing upon them both the impress 
of her own lofty ideals of rectitude and fidelity. Thi-ough<iut their 
lives they owned their debt to her for sound training, nor did they 

1875.] The Hon, George Bruce Upton, 5 

forget the uncle who gave them a home, of whom the younger often 
spoke in terms of affectionate gratitude. 

At the age of fourteen George ^vas well advanced in preparation 
for Harvard College, to which his uncle offered to send hiui ; but he 
declined the privilege, choo>sing to enter upon a career of business in 
Bot^ton, and a place was obtained for him with jNFr. Thomas Trott 
Robinson. From that tijue he required assistance from no one, but 
he helped many. 

His brother at about the same time went to sea, as so many ambi- 
tious New-England youth of that generation did. Of his subsequent 
career it is proper that something should be said in this place. 
He soon rose by his own merit to the command of a vessel, and for 
t-vventy years he was in the service of Enoch Train as captain of 
Liverpool packets, his last voyage being made in the " "Washington 
Irving." One trait of his character as a seaman procured him great 
distinction. He was noted for his willingness to incur peril in reliev- 
ing the shipwrecked. M;my crews were rescued from an ocean 
grave by his instrumentaliiy, and his ser^■ices of this kind were hand- 
somely recognized by foreign governments. Of him it vras said: 
'' He seemeil to be the chosen champion of humanity in the highway 
of the nations. Those in distress whom others pass by, he rescues, 
no danger appalling, and no seliish considerations deterring him." 
In unselfish impulses, and active sympathy with the suffering, the 
brothers were remarkably alike. The humane captain died at the 
age of forty-six, in liis brother's house in Boston. 

How long George B. Upton remained with Mr. Robinson is not 
definitely known. Probably not more than a year, for in 1819 he 
was with Zslr. John Fox, iinen draper in AVashington street, a man 
whose reputation for probity and mercantile honor has come down 
to our day, Nor did he remain with him long, for he left another 
situation the next year to go to Nantucket, as confidential clerk to 
the firm of Baker & Barrett, engaged in th • dry goods trade. He 
left Boston in October, 1821. In has new place he was rapidly ad- 
vanced, and hud small reason to regTct leaving Boston. A few years 
later Mr. Baker retired from business altogether, and jNIr. Barrett 
formed a partnership with ]Mr. Upton, who had then just attained \m 
majority. This connection was continued for twenty years, the 
junior partner being trusted with the practical management of the 
business from the beginning. Under the stimulus of responsibility 
his powers rapidly developed. He was enterprising, sagacious and 
successful, quick to discover opportunities and prompt to'takc advan- 
tage of them. When the dry goods trade had been made the most 
of, the firm turned their attention to the pm-chase and building of 
ships, not in a small way, for that was foreign to ]Mr. Upton's natiu^, 
but with energy and a disposition to take a leading position. They 
built some of the finest vessels then afioat, and quickly established a 
reputation. They engaged in the sperm-whale fishery, and also in 

VOL, XXIX. 1* 

6 The Hon. George Bruce Upton, [Jan. 

the manufacture of oils and candles. Whatever tlicj did was dune in 
a superior niauuer, and the result was that not only in Xantueket, but 
wherever Nantucket goods were sent, Mr. Upton's excellent business 
qualifications were rcv^ognizcd. But not even prosperity deceived him. 
He was amonp: the lirst to detect the signs that the business import- 
ance of Xantueket had culminated. Full of capacity for work and 
eager for new opportunities, he did not fold his hands, blaming his 
unlucky stars, but bravely determined to try conclusions with fortune 
in a field where the prizes were larger and the competition fiercer. 

This statement of the business in which he was engaged during 
the twenty-five years of his stay in Xantueket affords no adequate 
picture of his life there, which was made happy and profitable by 
many pleasant circumstances. On the 2d of ^lay, 182G, he mar- 
ried Ann Cofiin Hussey, of Nantucket. She was, on her mother's 
side, a granddaughter of captain William Mooers, whose name has 
passed into history as the first American to display, in a British port, 
his country's fiag of thirteen stripes. In X'^an tucket seven children 
of the eight he had were born. But perhaps the best assurance that 
those years were pleasant ones is found in the respect, confidence 
and affection with which he inspired all classes of the people. 
There he began i<?< show forth the generosity of disposition and keen 
interest in everything that tended to the public welfare, which marked 
his course to the end. The people conferred on him every honor in 
their gift. Twice he represented the town in the general court, and was 
three years senator from the island district. In politics he was an 
ardent Whig, and in 1844 was a delegate to the convention that 
nominated Henry Clay for the presidency. When it was announced 
that he intended leaving the island, the regret was universal, and to 
the day of his death those who had known him there were his con- 
stant and devoted friends. 

He went at first to ^Manchester, N. H., where he acted as agent 
in getting the ^Manchester print w^orks started. This work was 
successfully accomplished, and the followdng year he removed to 
Boston. In Manchester his eighth and last child, a daughter, was 
bom, but gladness and mournino; were minorled, for a daughter ei2;ht 
years of age died there. 

The year 1846 saw Mr. Upton established in business in the city 
where he had begun his career nearly thirty years before. He was 
still a young man, but wise in experience of life, strong, aspiring, 
and recommended by the prestige of success. All that he required 
was scope for the exercise of his talents, and this he found in the 
New-England metropolis which was to be his future home, and 
which long before he died had learned to respect him as sincerely, and 
almost as universally, as the people of X'^antucket had done, and tor 
the same reasons. Barring a terra in the Executive Council during 
Governor Clifford's adm.inistration, and membership of the constitu- 
tional cunventiou of 185o, he held no public office. 

1875.] The Hon. George Bnice Ujoton. 7 

When he came to Boston he was chosen treasurer of the i\richl- 
gan Central IJailroad, wliicli had hitcly been purchased by Boston 
capitaHsta. This position he held for eight years, and during all the 
time took a leading part in the councils concerning the niana^cinent 
of the property. This however did not monopolize his em-cgies. 
He iunnediately engaged in commerce, and in a short time v-as deep 
m schemes for supplying better ships than had yet been built for 
commercial purposes. The discovery of gold in California, with the 
consequent demand for swift ships, favored his projects. He built 
several of the famous clippers of the California trade, amona' them 
the ^" Reindeer, "_ '-StaghJuDd,^' " Bald Eagle," " Romance "of the 
Sea, ' and "Mastiff." This period, when he was largely interested in 
railroads, and imder heavy pecuniary responsibilities in connection 
with one of the most important of them, the owner of many ships, 
and making independent ventures in commerce with the chief trading 
ports of the world, was undoubtedly one of the busiest in his lifel 
yet a friend who knew him v.-ell says that, " owing to that perfect 
system which governed all his movements, he was ever found ready 
to do his part in all matters of public interest, and had time reserved 
for such recreation as was essential to the preservation of health and 
strc:]gth." This period tested his capacity for gTeat affairs, and the 
manner in which he bore hhnseif fixed his place^ in the first rank of 
Boston business men. Thenceforward he was a recognized power, 
a man whose interest and counsel were welcomed. 

In banking, commerce and railroads he continued to have large 
interest, andhis connection with enterprises of many kinds was 
such as a cajiitalist who has mastered the secret of conducting vari- 
ous affiiirs without confusion is accustomed to have. After he came 
to Boston he formed no partnerships, although constantly associ- 
ated with others in single transactions. Pie was always the master 
of his business, never its drudge, and by prcmptness, system, fidelity 
and decision, he so conducted i'r that he always had a reserve of time 
and energy for his family, his friends, and the public. His judicial 
fairness was so generally recognized that he was in frequent request 
as an arbitrator, particularly in maritime cases, where his knowledge 
both of vessels and of maritime law was of great service. He was 
one of the three commissioners appointed by this state and the city 
of Boston, in i8o9, to determine a just equivalent to be paid to the 
city for the relinquishment of its right to erect buildinijs on the east 
side of Arlington street. He was president of the Boston Board of 
Trade for two years, and a director in several banks and insurance 

During the war of the rebellion :Mr. Upton's peculiar strength of 
character shone conspicuous. From the beginning to the end of the 
long stiiiggle he was among the staunchest and most active support- 
ers of ^ the national cause. His years and training made him 
mehgible for military service, but he provided a personal substitute 

8 The Hon, George Bruce Upton. [JaD. 

in the ranks, ana gave liis time, his money and his talents freely to 
help the cause. How inteneely earne.:it he was, all who then Uvecl 
in Boston know. The state and national f^overninents counted 
on him always -v/hcn cither sen-ioe or counsel was n>^eded. "\\ hen 
there were jnutterings ot disatlcction in Uofton, he joined the Cadets 
and ^lept at tlie state-house. When the calls lor recridts came, he 
rendered most efficient 6er\ice by stirring speeches at mass meetings, 
and by contributions of money. The organizations for alleviating 
the hard lot of the soldier had in him a zealous and liberal 
supporter. He was instant in season and out of season, in the per- 
formance of every patriotic duty, seeming to fear nothing so mucli as 
that he might fail to do all that he could. The depredations of the 
" Alabama " and other rebel cruisers aroused the passion of his in- 
dignation to the highest pitch. One of his ON\n ships, the '' Xora," 
feS a victim to ihe " Alabama," and the sense of a double wrong, 
public and private, wrought upon him strongly. 

When the conditions of the Clarendon-Johnson treaty were made 
public, he addressed to the senate of the United States a vigorous pro- 
test af'-alnsL its ratiikatiou, which was presented by Senator Sumner. 
The protest was the subject of much conunent in England, and Earl 
Eussell, in the introduction to a volume of selections from his 
speeches, disparaged the representations of ]Mr, Upton whom he char- 
acterized as '■' tliat stern republican."' Earl Kusseil's words provoked 
ISIr. Upton to \\riting an open letter to his lordship, the boldness and 
pungency of which were universally relished here and vehemently 
condemned abroad.' When the war v/as over he took great interest 
in the negotiations relating to indemnity for the outrages on our 
commerce, and published several articles on the subject, in all of 
which he seemed more concerned for the vindication of the national 
honor, and the relief of others, than for his own interests. 

In the calamity of fire Avhich destroyed a large part of the busi- 
ness section of Boston in 1872, he suffered heavy losses, but he was 
instantly active in the work of inspuing others with confidence and 
hope. Disregarding his ov,m misfortune he began organizing the work 
of he]pin<T the needy ; he was chairman of the relief committee, and a 
<Tenerou8 contributor to the funds it disbm-sed. His example and 
words of cheer were inliuentiai in those days of doubt, and did 
much to steady the faith of all in tlie speedy restoration of the city's 

A trait of ]Mr. Upton's character that cannot pass without special 
consideration in any memoir was his sincere and constant humanity. 
His heart was tender to the cry of stiifering, his hand open to all 
who deserved assistance, his word never withheld from those who 
needed encouragement. He was especially interested in the welfare 

^ The Iptwr, ■which is a fine illuitrntion of Mr. Upton's temper of intolerance towards 
fals-i prctence.'aau of the force with which he would maintain his judgment, is aprt^Qiie'l to 
this stietch. 

1875.] The Hon. George Bruce Upton. 9 

of seamen, and tlironghout his life was active in cff<)rts to aiuellorato 
the couflitioiis of their perilous service. His slups were frc(iuently 
instrumental in rescuing sliipwreclced crews, nor did he grudge tlic 
time lost in sncli service. When tlio British government oHercd to 
compensate him for the cost of saving its subjects, he declined to be 
rew.'irdcd for .i deed of common humanity. He was among the fu'ot 
to advocate a watch aloft to discover ships in distress, and he urged 
on Congress measures for the benefit of ship-v,-recked mariners. The 
number of " Old and New" for May, 1874, contained an article on 
this subject, which was among the last productions of liis pen con- 
ceiTiing public questions. AVhen the project of founding a National 
Sailors' llome was started by the ladies of CharlestOA^-n and Boston, 
during the war, he labored zealously for its success. lie was one 
of the trustees and their first president. When the com>pleted Home 
at Quincy was dedicated, he delivered an address which is notice- 
able for the earnest tribute he therein offers to woman's services in the 
war : " Whenever the history of the rebellion shall be truly written, 
the pages which record the love and devotion of woman will be 
among the purest and brightest, and will shed an undying lustre 
upon her love of country." Tiie closing sentences of the address 
were these : " It has been reproachfully said that ' Eepublics are un- 
gratefid.' If at any time hereafter there should seem to be a cause 
for the utterance of such a sentiment, it would be ;ound that woman, 
with her undying love of justice and humanity, had not her true and 
proper weight in the councils of such governments." 

He was aho a trustee of the Sailors' Snug Harbor in Quincy, 
member and vice-president of the Humane Society of Massachusetts, 
member of the Boston ^Marine Society, of the Yoimg Men's Chris- 
tian Union, and of the Mercantile Library Association. It may be 
said truly, that in each of these he felt a genuine interest that showed 
itself in practical ways. Nor did his himiinity exhaust itself in a 
regard for classes of sufferers, and corporation work. He was kind 
towards individuals in distress with a personal kindness, helpful to 
struggling merit wherever exhibited, thoughtful of others always, 
and one who grappled friends to his heart with hooks of steel. His 
benevolence was more than a duty, it was a delight. 

The accompanying portrait will give to those who never saw ]Mr. 
Upton a fiiir idea of his personal aspect. Intelligence, resolution, 
alertness and geniality were blended in the expression of his coun- 
tenance. He was of commanding presence, and had the direct ad- 
dress of a man of affairs. Work was a pleasure to him, but he never 
worked frivolously. He knew better than to mingle business and 
pastime. He enjoyed a good story and could tell one happily. He 
was also very fond of poetry and pictures. A tour in Em'ope made 
in 1856-7 afforded him great satisfaction. His favorite recreation 
was forest sport, and annually in the fall for many years he went to 
Nauslion for a season of recreation with rod and gun. Deer-hunt- 

10 The. Hon. George Bruce Upton. [Jan. 

ing was the sport in which he took most delight, and he was very 
successful in it. During tlie sununer he spent as much time as pos- 
sible at his summer house on tlie Beverly shore. From the time 
when he came to Boston from Nantucket, he worshipped regularly at 
King's Chapel, of which he was for many years a warden. From 
hit; pcvr he was almost never absent on Sunday unless out of town. 
In business habits he was the soul of punctuality. 

He had a way of dismissing from his mind things accomplished as 
of no further consequence. He attacked the duties of each day 
with as much ardor as if his reputation was to be made by the man- 
ner in wliich he acquitted himself. He had so little pride in tlie 
articles he published in newspapers, and in his speeches that were 
reported, that he took no pains to preserve them. If they produced 
the effect he wished for, he was satisfied. He had an honorable 
family pride, and was largely instrumental in procuring the prepara- 
tion and publication, in handsome style, of "The Upton Memorial." 
He was a life member, and at the time of his death a vice-president 
of tao New-England Historic, Genealogical Society. The key-note 
of hii life was respect for the right. To this his whole being v;as 
attuned, and wrong made discord in Iris soul. Truth, justice and 
ckarity he reverenced ; fraud and vanity he hated. His life was 
thus seen to conform to the noble standard of honor. AYhen he dis- 
covered what no one else knew, that his friend Edward Everett was 
elected governor only by a mistake in the count, and that in truth he 
was defeated, it was characteristic of him to insist that the truth 
must be declared. 

The cause of Mr. Upton's death was internal cancer, bafiEling all 
the skill of physicians. His last days were calmly spent. For him 
death had no terrors. He had served the truth in love of God and 
bis fellow men. To his family and friends who were near he 
spoke affectionate parting words, much as one who is about to go 
away for a long absence might do. To those who were at a distance 
he sent kind messages, writing several such letters with his own hand 
while confined to his bed. 

One of them was written to the gentlemen who had for many 
years been his legal advisers in New-York city, and has already been 
published. Since it reveals in peculiar force the calm thoughtfulness 
with which he approached the end of his career, and the strength of 
his attachment to those whom he respected, it may fitly conclude this 

Boston, June 23, 1874. 

Mr Deas Feiexds; 

After so many years of friendly and intimate associations, it occurs 
to me that, as I am drawing near the banks of the great river, which for the 
time being will separate us, a friendly recognitiou upon my part would not be 
unsatisfactory, and so I bid you both a gentle good-by. 

Geo. B. Upton. 

1875.] Tlie Hon. George Bruce Upton. 11 

[Lettek from I\Ik. Urxox to Eakl Russell.] 

Boston {U. S. A.), March 23, 1870. 
To THE Rt. Ho-v. Earl Russell. 

Sir ;- -^[y r.ttODtion has boeii called to the " introduction " in tl'.c se- 
lections from your speeches aud desj)atchcs, recently published, in which you 
do me the honor of referring to my petition to the Senate of the United States, 
in relation to the Pirate Ala'oama and her kindred consorts, in which I 
characterize her and them as being '• British built, British manned and Brit- 
ish armed, and by vessels and armaments which left British ports under the 
protection of the British flag, and burnt American shipping upon the liigh. 
seas, without taking them into port for condemnation, aud without any 
action being taken on the part of the said British Government, when these 
atrocities were laid before it, to prevent the same ; but, on tlie contrary, 
these pirates were everywhere received with rejoicing when visiting British 
ports, and when the notorious builder of one of them boasted of tlie same 
in the British Parliament, of which he was a member, he was received 
with cheers and e"s:pre3sions of satisfaction." 

You then proceed to " examine these statements one by one." 

They were as I averred, " British built." This you admit to be true. 

I nest asserted that they were " British manned." This you aver " is 
only true in part," You proceed to say, " in point of fact, the vessels were 
manned by crews consisting mainly of American ofiicers and American men." 

I take issue with you upon this " point of fact." 

From evidence derived from the prisoners taken when the Alabama was 
sunk, I find that mere than three-quarters of all the persons on board 
the ship when she left the Mersey were British subjects, and of them .John 
Neil, John Emory and Peter Hughes belonged to the Royal Naval Reserve 
— and of the whole crew at the time of the capture by the Kearsar-^e, lie- 
tween 80 and 90 per cent, were subjects of Her Majesty, the Queen, and 
that W. Crawford, Brent Johnson, Wm. Nevins and Wml Hearn beloncred 
to the Eoyal Kaval Reserve. I repeat then that when the Alabama left 
British ports, she was substantially a British mamud vessel, and that she so 
continued to he antil her destruction, and that the evidence upon that subject 
is c ")nclusive. 

My next averment is that the captures of American property were made 
" by British armed vessels, by vessels and armament which left British ports, 
tmder the protection of the British flag." 

To this^yoa are pleased to reply, that " there is much unfounded assertion 
here." You then proceed to say, " the vessels were unarmed vessels, aud 
the Alabama, when in an unarmed state, left a British port, without any 
clearance, with no British protection, to go into other ports under foreiirii 
jurisdiction, ^where the British flag gave no more protection than the flag'of 
the United States." 

I regret to hear a Statesman of your varied learning and experience 
make such a denial of the charge I have made. It must be known to you 
that in building a war steamer, a part of the armament is built and con- 
structed with the vessel. The magazine and shell-room, the flood cocks, the 
port sills, the pivot and breeching bolts, are as much a part of the arma- 
ment as the guns themselves. All these the Alabama had ; but, m.ore than 
this, she did, according to the evidence, which is perfectly accessible to you, 
receive, while lying in British water, in Lynas Bay, ammunition and a por- 

12 The Hon. George Bnice Upton. [Jan. 

tion of her other annament. I consider, these bcin^ the facts in the case, 
fiicts too which are, or ouglit to be, well known to you, tliat it is only an 
attempt to impose upon ignorance to say that the Alabama left a British 
2)ort in an unarmed state. 

iNIy next assertion is tliat "these vessels burnt American ships without 
taking them into port for condemnation." This you admit to be quite true. 

The next assertion I made was, " that no action was taken by the said 
British Government when these atrocities were laid before it to prevent 
the same." This you say requires explanation ; the conclusion of which 
seems to be that if the British Government had undertaken to carry out 
their treaty obligations, " actions for damages would have been brought, and 
would ill all probability have been successful." 

I cannot think that you have in the least disturbed the groundwork of 
my accusation ; but, on the contrary, your admissions woidd seem to place 
the then existing administration of the Government of Great Britain in a 
more objectionable light than its worst enemies would desire. 

One other matter, you say, " of which Mr. Upton and his countrymen 
complain, is the reception of the Confederate cruisers in the British Colonial 
ports."' The allegation " that these pirates were received with rejoicincr 
when visiting British ports ; and that when the notorious builder of one of 
them boasted of the same in the British Parliament, of which he was a 
raember, he was received with cheers and expressions of satisfaction," '• can 
hardly be corisidered a proper matter for diplomatic representation or pecu- 
niary compensation." 

In addition to this, you say that " The exuberant utterances of a free 
nation must be permitted to us by the most zealous advocate of the Ameri- 
can claims." 

To all this I can only say that as an American claimant, I shall draw my 
own inferences from these " exuberant utterances." 

When Judas betrayed our Saviour, if he had boasted of the deed and 
received the cheers of the Apostles, Christians would be likely to place the 
cheerers in the ranks of Judas. 

"When, therefore, it was well known in the British House of Commons, 
that a pirate was afloat, that had surreptitiously left British waters, destroy- 
ing the commerce of a nation with which that go'^'ernment was at profound 
peace, and when the doings of that pirate receiver the applause of a portion 
of that body without rebuke from any quarter, it may eventually be found 
out that it will require some " diplomatic representation " to relieve the 
British Government of the odium attached to those cheers. 

I have thus gone over the averments of my Protest, and believe the 
general grounds thereof are unshaken by your representation. An indivi- 
dual who sees the result of his labor ruthlessly destroyed, is not apt to 
carefully cull language for a dainty expression of his wrongs. In some- 
thing of this spirit I have, perhaps, ^Tittcn. ]\Iy desires however are for 
peace, — but it must be such an one as springs from a disposition on the one 
part to make due reparation for wrong, and on the other, to make no unrea- 
sonable demands to prevent such a cunsummation. 

In this communication I have contined myself to the wrongs committed 
by the Alabama. I need not add here that the evidence in regard to the 
nationality of other British vessels and their illegal acts in consequence 
thereof, is quite as conclusive. 

I am Sir, your obed't servant, 

George B. Upton. 

1875.] Diary of Dr. Ezra Green. 13 


SdrgsjN rt-RrxG the Cp.ri:>E of the CoNTrsKNTAL Ship of War raycER,* from 
Nov. 1, 1777, TO Skpt. 27, 1778. 

From the original in tlic possession of the New-England Historic, Genealogical Societj. 
With Notes by Commodore Geo. HiiXRV Piieble, U. S. N. 

A FEW words in re.-pect to the diary of my father, Dr. Ezra Green, wbich I am quite 
Bure lie never suspected would appear in print before the public eye, may be iieee.-sary. 

"When quite a lad I was, out oi curiosity, runimairin:;- over an upper e'lainber cior-et, 
where in promiscuous order were odd volumes, — school books, speeches, eernioris, 
&e.,— when this unpretentious pamphlet turned up iu marbled paper-cover. Ali the 
particulars of it I had heard my father freiiuently recount, and hence did not at t!;at 
early age appreciate its value, and so I gave it to my cousin James D. Green, who. 
after preserving it witii scrupulous care lor more than sixty years, has deposited it 
in the library of the iS'ew-Eugland Historic, Genealogical . tociety, together with 
important authentic remarks relative to his and my fatiicv's progenitors. There this 
Diary came under tb.e eye of C^'ma^jdore George Henry Preble, who requested 
my permis!>lon for it.-, publication in the Historical Axn Genealogical Kf.gtstkr, 
together with such addenda as he mii.'-ht gather of my father's pr.hlic li!e during 
five years service as surgeon in the army and navy (.Uuing the American revolution. 
To this request I cave my willing assent, promising as a sec^uel tbeieto a memoir of 
his private lile. " ' Walter C. Gi-.eex. 

Buston, Nov. 16, 1574. 

Portsmouth lioady JSTov. 1st. 1777. Saturday. — Between the 
hours of 8 & 9 this morning weigh'd anchor and proceeded to Sea 
witli a moderate breeze, before night lost sight of the American sliore^ 

Sunday, JSTov. 2nd. — A very line morning and a favorable ^yind, 
all well on board — except some few who are a little Seasick. 

' The Pwangsr 18, was built 1777, on Langdon's Island, Portsmouth Harbor, by order of 
Conf;ress, under the direction of Colonel Jaaies Haekctt. 

On t!ie Uth of June, 1777, Congress Resolved, That Capt. John Pan! Jones be appointed 
to com uand the sliip Ran<:er, and under date Philadelphia, June 18, 1777, tlie marine 
comnii :ee write to him. •' Y(ju are appointed to the command of the Ran^'cr, lately built at 
Portsmoaih. Col. AV'hipple, the bearer of this, carries witli bim the resolves of "Conrirtss 
app<i;nting you to this command, and aathovizing him. Col. Langdon, and you to appoint 
theotlicr eummissioned a.s well as warrant officers necessary for this ship, and he has with 
him h'anlc conuais-ions and warrants for this purpose." 

Though gnat dilicrence was used by Jones iu cqu;p;)ing the Ranger, she was not ready 
to proL-eed on \ws destination until the midi'.le of Oetol'ov. Twenty-six guns had been pro- 
Tided tortile >uip, but Jones exercised groat judgracn: iu monntivig only eighteen on her, 
as he eon-idcreri from her size and sli^jhc con-^tiiutiou, that she would be more sinvieeai'le 
with eiglueen tiian with a sr-eater number. The following extracts from his letter to the 
marine c'jnnaittee, dated Oct. tS), \7~i'i, two days before sailing, gives a lively i<lea of the 
diineaUi' s h<' had to contend with, and the poverty of our resi/arees, •' With all jny indus- 
try I cuultl not get a. single siat of sails completed ur.til ihe '20th current. Since that time 
winds and weather have laid me under the iieeessiLy cf coiitina'Ug in port. At this time 
it blows a very heavy gale iVcm th'- nm-tiica-t. The ship wirli ililticulty rides it out, v.dch 
yards and topma>fs struck and whole cables ahead. When it clears up I expect the wind 
from the norihw(\-t. ar.d sh.all ar t i;;il to embrace it, although I h;ive not now a spare sail 
nor materials to make one. Home of those 1 have are nuxde of hi-sings. I never lie fore 
had s;ieh disagreeable service to perform, as that which I have now accomplished and of 
which another will claim the credit as well as the profit, Hov.-ever, in doing my utmost I 
am sensible that I have done no more than my duty." 

Thus inqierl'i'ctly equipped, having a ve/y good cccw, but " only thirty gallons of rura,'" 
as J'MR- !,?i>;e;its, for them K> drink on the passage, the Hanger' sailed from i'ortsiuouth, 
Ofj iht Ist of November, 1777. — Mackenzie's Life of Paid Jones, 
VOL. iXlS, 2 

14 Diamj of Dr. Ezra Green. [Jan. 

Friday, JVbi'. 1th. — A strong gale at Northwest which canys us 
10 knotd. 

Thursday, yov. Idfh. — About seven tlii:' morning saw a sail on 
our lee Bow dlstaul ubuut, 2 Li-aguc^, j^ave ehuceaiul t^pols'e her about 
12 o'clock, a Brig from Carolina bound for Bordeaux witli several 
Tory Passenger^ on Board, among ^\llonl were Hartley the Oigan- 
ist 6c his wife. 

Friday, A'oy. lAfh. — Tliis Morning at 5 o'clock came up a severe 
Thunder Storm from the southwest. 

Saturday, IhtJi. — Last evening came on a gale of wind which 
increas'd till about 3 this morning Avhen it began to abate, in the 
hight of the gale a sail was seen mulcr our lee Quarter, hove too 
till she came up, a Schooner from St. Peters bound to Bordeaux. 

Sunday, l^^th. — A fresh Ih-ecze, and high Sea from the late 
Gale, about 10 o'clock our tiller Pope broke by which we were in 
great Danger of the Consequences of the Ship's broacliing to. 

Wednesday, lOM. — About six tliia morning saw a Sail under oiu: 
lee Quarter, gave Chase or rather bore aAvay till we came within 
about a mile kj^l Her found Her to l^e a large Ship standing OiU" 
course clued up Our Courses and hawl'd Our wind — got ready for 
Action she standing on her course close to the wind, wore Ship 
when it was too late, continued the chase till night and lost Pier. 

Saturday, ^ov. 22nd. — At nine o'clock this morning saw a Sail 
on our weather Beam — little wind ; One of Our People fell from 
the Chains but was saved by a Pope's End handed Him. 

Sunday, JS'ov. 2drd. — Early in the moniiug saw a Sail supposed 
to be the same we sr.w yesterday, came up with and made a Prize 
of — about 8 o'clock, a Brig laden with fruit and Avine from Malaga 
bound to Yarmouth, Pichcs Comm''. — Slie is called the IMary — there 
are no less than six sail in sight at this Time. 

Monday, JS'ov. 2-ifh. — Spoke a Schooner from Malaga bound to 
Live -pool vessel and Cargo owned by a Portugal ]).Ierch'. 

Tuesday, 2dfh. — Last night spoke a Ship & Snow boimd to 
France, — and are now chasing a vessel under Our lee Bow, at 11 
at night came up with t.^ made a Prize of the Brig George from 
Malaga bound to London laden with fruit and wine, she was com- 
manded by Bulfinch. 

Wednesday, 2Qlh. — Early in the morning gave chase to a Brig 
under our lee Bow, but were obliged to give over Chase on seeing 
a very large Ship to -windward with several other Sail in Company 
she to be standing athwart us, about 2 she hove too with 
a Piece of 13 Sail of Ships 6c Brigs at 2 Leagues Distance, clewed 
up Om" Courses 6c sto])p*d our Ship's vray expecting every minute 
when she would come do"v^^l upon us about 4 she stood on her Course, 
we made sail close to the wind with a desiirn to cut oft" a Brio; which 
could not keep up with the Convoy, lost her in the night. 

Thursday, 27. — A fresh gale from the S. Yv'. in the afternoon 

1875.] Diary of Dr. Ezra Green. 15 

vear'd a BaiTcl of Beef astern for tlie Bripr, Sea running nip;h ^]ie 
carelossly nm upon our Larboard Quarter Init did no other liania-e 
than breaking our Driver r.cjoui — at 10 at Xiglic saw sevcial Sail 
c>poke one of them found them all to be Dutch Dangers. 

Saturdaij, 'J.^dlh. — A very heavy gale, h.ovc too at niglit in the 
Bay of Biscay GO Leagues distant from Larid. 

Siuuhnj, oOfh. — Fine weather and a strong wind in the ni^ht 
hove too and sounded in SO Fathom water. 

Mondai/, Dec. 1. — Saw Land from mast Head at 10 in the morn- 
ing, with line weather, 

Tv.esdai/, Dec. 2jid. — Ran in for the Land with a fine moder;;tc 
Breeze, narrowly escap'd running on a Sand through v.-ant oi a i'iiot 
and anived all in good spirits at Peanbeauf on the River Loire and 
came to anchor in the evening. 

Wednesday. Srd. — Wrote a Letter to Capt. Sh.ackford at L'Oii- 
ent and inclos'd one to my very good friend Cooper — favoured bv 
Cap', ^[utchcmore.' 

Friday .. Dec. bth. — The Prize Brig ]\Iary arrived here safe — 
went to Xantez with Capt. Simpson arriv'd at 9 in tiie Evening this 
is a very considerable City distant 10 Leagues from Penbcauf am 
told there are 12 Parishes in Xantes in one of which arc 30,000 Souls. 
Saturday, Dec. G. — Went to the Tragedy but it was to me in 
an unknown Tongue, was not nmch pleased or entertained, hovrever 
the Musick was good. 

Sunday, Dec. 7. — Returned to Peanbeauf, and on board the 

Friday, 13 Feb.— Set sail for Quiberon Bay ]\P. Williams & 
Brother on board, in company with us Brig Independence, anchored 
in the Bay about six in the Evening, 4 Ships of the Line besides 
Frigates in the Bay. 

Saturday, lUh Fehy, — Very Squaly weather, came to Sail at 
4 o'clock P. I\I. saluted the french Admin^l & rec'd nine guns in 
return this is the first salute ever pay'd the American flagj?. 

Sunday, Ibth Feb'y. — Brig Independence salutecf the french 
Flagg which was return'd.' 

^ The letter to hi? fdsrid Cooper is iriven in the Memoir. 
Jones in hii letter to the navar committee, daied Feb. 22, 1778, reporting this impor- 
tant recoiinition of our fl;i£r, says:— 

■ » am happy to have it in my power to concrrata'.atc von on mv havin? seen the Ameri- 
a-m tl.i.^, tor the first time, recognized in the fullest rind"(ompIetc>t manner bv the ;!;- of 
France. I was otf this l-ay [Qiiilieron Bnv] on tlie 13th inst., and sent mv boat in the next 
day to know if the Adm.ral would return my j.diite. He an'^wercil that he v.-.mld rorurn 
to me as the scm.or contmenral officer in Europe, the same sahite as he was authorized to 
reium to an Admiral of Holland, or anv otlK-r repnblie, which was four guns less than the 
salute given. I hCMtat. d at this, for I had demanded nun for (jiin. 

"Therefore I anrhoicil in the entrance of the Bav at a distance from the French fleet; 
but arter a very particular iuqniry, on the 1 kh, Smlin- tint he reallv tuld the truth, I was 
induced to accept his ofler, the more as it teas an acfcnotdedgmentof American ladtpen- 

" The- wird bein? contrary and blowing hard, it was after snn.=ct before the Kanccr was 
rear enough to salute La >iotfe Piqnet with thirteen -uns. which he rcturn-d with nine. 
However, to put the matter beyond a doubt, I did not suffer the Indcnendctico to ?alitfe 
nntd t!^? next niornm-. wlsen I sent word to the Admiral that I woitld sail thiouch !,is tiect 
in tne Bri^r and w,;i;ia sainte him in oj)en day. He was exceedingly pleaiaut, and rcturn-i 
the comphmeat also with nine guas." 

16 Diary of Dr. Ezra Green. [Jan. 

Wednesday, ^Df/i FeUy. — Fleet got underway aiul left us at 
anchor contrary to Ex}icctuti()n.>, about 12 O'clock it being very 
■windy we came to sail, ran out of the Bay without a Pilot, attempted 
to tlie Xortl^^■^•ard of Bclislo, but did not .succeed, put back hoping to 
run into the Lay again, but could not weather tlie Kocks. in the 
midtt of our Tionisle liaving e.-^capM over petting die Ship, 
were alarni'd with the cry of Fire — after all our endeavours to pro- 
cure a Pilot were in vain, & night coming on, bore away and ran 
out to the Leward of the Island, very squaly still. 

IViursday, 2G. — Arrived in Quiberow-Bay again tlie Evening 
after a thort but very tedious & unprofital)le Cruize. 

Tuesday, JSFarch 'did. — Wcigh'd anchor and came to vSail in fine 
■weatluT & smooth water, sail'd along the Coast about 25 Leagues 
and came to anchor in a small liay near a small village called Bcno- 
dett, had a curious Adventure with a frcnch Pilot ^vho came on 
Board to pilot the Ship but -svould not be compell'd to take charge 
of her. 

Thursday, JIarch 5th. — "Went with Joseph Ratcliff to Pontlably 
and procured good lodgings for Him supposing tl;e Eruption (wliich 
came out last night) to be Small Pox — we were treated with great 
respect as wo wore Amcric;vns, were waited on near half a mile to 
the Boat and on parting gave them 3 Cheers which was answered 
with vive Le Congres. 

Friday, March ^)th. — This morning (being fine weather) came 
to sail, in the morninc!' went tlu'ouoh of Passacfe Duroi : saw a larrje 
Ship to the levrard which we thought was a Frigate & the same we 
saw yesterday : She fail'd in attempting to get through the Passage 
and stood otF. 

Saturday, Zlarch Ith.-^Cavae to anchor in Baldavids Bay not far 
from the Kiver of Brest. 

Sunday, J/arch 8th. — Weighed and beat up towards Brest came 
too in Caraaritt's Bay 4 Leagues from Brest. 

[Ac Brest] Tuesday, 2Larch 10/A. — Last night eight of our People 
took the Cutter and went on shore and ran o+F leaving the Boat on 
the Rocks. 

Friday, JSLarch \?yih. — Seven of eight Deserters were bro't back 
under guarel Sc confined in Irons. 

Saturday, X'ith Jlarch. — AA^ent to Brest with Capt. Jones cc Lt. 
Simpson ; had a slight view of the Fortifications, Shipping, and 
Dock- Yards — return 'd in the Evening. 

Siiuday, Ibth. — I had the ])lcasure of entertaining the Commis- 
saries Lady & two Sisters on Board the Itanger. 

Wehiesday, ISth. — Last night died after a lingering Illness for 
more than three weeks Will'" lieading — His remains were decently 
interr'd about 11 oclock A.^L — P.]\L the L;;dies came to pay Capt. 
Jone; a visit as he Avas absent when they pay'd us the first Visit. 

Jiloiiday, 23 rd JIaj'ch. — Got underway and ran up to Brest; 

1875.] Diary of Dr. Ezra Green. 17 

ealuteJ the Admiral, rec'J the news of I^''. Stormont's having left 
Paris ou recelviuga copy of the Treaty wich Auicrica. 

TJiursdau, 2nd April. — Got up anchor pay'J the frcnch flagg 
anotlicr Sahite rcc'tl. U for lo — One of our iScamcn narrowly c<- 
ca[)'J tirouninu: ; when the Ship was coining to sail was turned olV 
from the S})rits:iil Yard the Slii}) went over Him, but He was luckily 
taken up by the JNlan who was in the Cutter which was veard astern 
arrivM at Camaritt about 't O'clock P.M. and came to anchor. 

Friday, ord April. — Our Siiip being laid on Shore for cleanin"- 
I went with our Pilot 6c L'. Wallingsford to take a view of the Xew 
Fort which is building on an Eminence at the distance of three miles 
from Caniaritt. 

tStrnd'-n/, 5 April. — Attempted to get out to sea with the Portuna 
of 3G guns but were oblig'd to return to Brest. 

Wednesdaij, 8t/i. — Made a second Attempt to get out & failM. 

Friday. 10th. — About 5 O'clock P.M. came to Sail in Company 
with tlie Frigate [Fortuna] — were detained by tlie Cutter which vras 
eent after Sand to Camaritt. 

jSit^frdai/, I'lth.^ — Fine weather but no Convoy to be seen, about 
10 in tlie morning saw a sail to v.'indward which prov'd quite con- 
trary to our fears to be the Fortuna — we were all ready for action 
when she came alongside of us. 

Monday, lUh. — Our Convoy left us, sooner than Capt. Jones 
Expected which He resented but could not prevent. 

TuesJfiy, 15 April. — Early in the morning saw a Brig under 
our Lee Bow, about 8 o'clock spoke her : from Ostend to Gahvay 
laden with Flaxseed took the People their Baggage &c. on board 
scuttled and lei't Her.' 

Wednesday, 16fh. — Made some part of Ireland in the morning 
euppos'd to be the high Land, of Duugarvin. 

Thursday 11th. — Saw a Ship in the afternoon under our lee 
Bow, at Sun's setting spoke Her — a Ship of about 350 Tons frum 
London for Dublin laden with Hemp Iron Porter &c &c. ordered 
her to Brest.'' 

Saturday, 10th. — ^lade a warm attempt to take a Cutter mount- 
ing -N^ Guns, she slipped through Our Fingers, had the Captain have 
pcnmtted the ^Marines to fire on them when they first came under 
our lee Quarter might have taken Her with greatEase. 

Sunday, 20th. — In the morning near the Isle of 'Man sunk a 
schooner laden with Barley t^i: Oats about 00 Tons buithen from 

_ > SatrrJny -n-as the !lth April, 1778. From this entry to that'on Friday the 24th, there 
IS a ili»crt'p;iucy of one day lJ^.•[T^-oen the day of the -ft-ecli and the month. " j. w. l>, 

* JoTiC5, in his report to the American coramiisioncrs, -written on the 27th of Mav, from 
Brest, says: " On the 14th 1 toolc a Bii-intiue between Scilly and Caps Clear, bound for 
Osteiid, witha cargo of tiaxaeed for Ireland, sunk her, and proceeded into St. Gtor-e's 

_ ^ Jones calls this ship tte Lord Chatham, and says that she was captured almost within 
Sight of her port. 

VOL. XXIX. 2* 

18 Diary of Dr. Ezra Green. [Jan. 

some part of Scotl;^n(l, in tlie Evening sunk a Sloop in ballast from 

JSIonchaj, 21^7. — Bore down for Belfast IjOcIi, took a fishing Boat 
with 4 Men in sight of a Ship at anchor they informed Us tliat ehe 
■was a Man of war of '?0 guns ; we made sail and stood off about an 
Hour, when the Capt. ordered the tslii[> to be [>nt about in order to 
go in and cut lier out, but the wind blowing fresh and the people un- 
willing to undertake it we stood olf and on till inidui'dit when the 
People consenting and the wind having lulled a little v/e stood into the 
Eiver but it being somewhat Dark did not drop our Anchor so as to 
lay her along side, therefore were oblig'd to cut and run out, which 
we were very lucky in effecting/ 

Tnesda^i, 22nd. — Stood off and on all Dav with a desisju to make 
another Trial if the wind lulfd at night there being no sig:ns of more 
moderate weather wore ship and stood back towards Gahvay Midi — 
■Our people very nnich fatigued. 

Wedncschnj. 2ord.' — A^'catllcr somewhat more moderate & our 
people a little recruited, Our enterprising Capt. with about 30 men 
Avent on shore about 11 P.M. with a Design to lire the Town of 

^ Jones 5nys with regard to the-e affairs : " On the 18th. in Glentine bay, on the sonth 
coast of Scotland, I met with a revenue wherry ; it being the common practice of the.»c 
Tcssels to boani mereliarit ships, the K mger then havin^: no external appearance of war, 
it was expected that this rover v.oidJ come alon;j.side. I was, however, mistaKCu ; fur 
thoucrh the men were at their quarters, yet this vessel outsailed the Ranker, and got clear 
in spite of a severe ca'innnido. 

" The next niornin-' (lOcli) off the Mull of Galloway, I found myself so near a Scotch 
Coastin,:^ Schooner, loaded witii barley, that I could not avoid sinking her. L'Tider>tLindins 
that there were ten or tv,-elve s dl of merchant ships, besides a Tender briicantine with a 
number of iinpres.>ed men on lioard, at anchor in Lochran in Scotland,, I th>jui,dit this en- 
terprise worthy my aricntion ; liut tlic wind, which at the first would have served e-iuaHy 
well tr. vail in or out of the Loch, shifted in a hard squall, so as to blow almost directly 
in, with. 'an appearance of bad westher. I was thcrcfuru obliged to abandon mv project. 

•' Seeing a cutter cif tl;e Ice bow steering for the Clyde, I gave chase, in hopes of'cutting 
her Oif; but finding my endeavors inctfectunl, I pursued no further than the Rock of Ailson. 
In the evening I fell in with a sloop from Dublin, which I sunk." 

- Joresinhis report says: "The 'ilst, being near Carrickfergus, a fishimr boat came 
off whi h 1 detained. I sav,- a slnp at anchor in the road, whie'h I was informed bv the 
fishermen v/as the Briti>li ;-hipof war Drake, of twenty gnus, I determined to attack her 
in the night; my plan was tu overlay her cable, and to full upon iier how, so as to have all 
her decks open and expo-cd to our mu^^quetry, &c. ; at the same time, it was mv intention 
to have secured the enemy by grapnlings. so that, had they cut their cables. thev"wou!d not 
■have ntrainid any a'lva>uag.'. The wind was high, and unfortunately the anchor was 
not let go as soon as tlie crder wa« u'lven. so that the Ranuer was brought to upon the ene- 
my's quarters at the di tnnce of h,df a c.ihlc's length. We had made no warlike appearance 
of conite had given noeiarni; this determined me to cut immediately, which niiaht ap- 
pear iis if the cable had parted, and at the -au'c time enable me, atter making a tack out 
• of the Loch, to return with tlie same ['ro-pecc of advantage which I had at rirst. I was 
.however prevented from returning, as I with ditiuulty weathered the light-house on the 
lee-side of the Loch, and as tiic •^ili increased. The weather now became so veiy stormy 
and severe, and the sea ran so high, that I was obliged to take shelter under the south shore 
.of Scotrand." 

•' Jones's account of this important affair is as follows: — 

•' The 22d introduced fair weatiier, though the three kingdoms were, as far as the eve 
■coaid reach, covered with snow. I now resolved once more to attempt Whitehaven ; but 
the wind became very ii^dit, so that the siiip would not in proper time approach so nea'r as 
I had intended. At midnight I left tlie sliip with two boats and thiitv-onc volunteers ; 
when wo reached the outer pier the day began to dawn; I wnuhl not, however, ab.mdon 
my enterpri-c, but de-patclied one boat under the direction of Mr. Hiil auii Lieut" Wallin"-. 
f 'td, with the ncce-saiy cnmbustihles to set tire to the shipping on the north side of the 
Jjarbor, while I went vvith the other party to attempt the south side. I was successful in 

1875.] Diary of Dr. Ezra Green. 19 

Thnrsdny, ^Alh. — After watclung the niixht and all the morning 
till broad day light in expectation uf seeing the smoke of the Town 
£ind Shipping (aseend as the smoke of a Furnace) began to fear that 
Our Peoi.'le had faHen into the Enemies Hands ; lumever about ludi" 
an hour after sun rise >ve discovered two small Boats at a great I dis- 
tance coming out of the Kivers mouth, and clouds of smoke ari.-Iug 
from the Ship[)ing, soon after we saw them fire on the Boats iiom 
the Shore, but most of tiie Camion being spiked up by our People 
they could do but very little the Boats were soon out of their Iveaeh 
and came along-side with 3 prisoners for one left behind. 

The same Dav crossed over to tlie other side of the Bry to the 
Mull of Galway Capt. Jones witli Lt. W'allingsfbrd and about 12 
Men went on shore [at St. ]Mary's Isle] with design to take 
L*^. Selkirk, Prisoner. As he was not at Home and no man 
in the House, for the sake of his Lady.& her Company they 
came off without doing any further Damage than pkmderiiig Hiui 

pcalin;: tlie -walls and spiking np all the cannon in the first fort ; findint: the sentinels Flint ii'[> 
in tticV>i:»"l house, thev wen; tocurcd -.vithout being hurt. HavioL: tixcU sentiials 1 uovv 
took 'a;:;i :;!C oil- nvinbiily (2>Ir. Giocn), and spiked up all the cannon in the soutlit-ru 
fort, di-tant fron> the others a quarter of a-niile. 

"On my return fr^m tins husincss, I naturally expected to see the fire of the ships on the 
Rortii side, as well as to tind mv own party witli every thing in readiness to set tire to the 
shipiiing on the soutii; instead of this, I four.d the boat under the direction of Mr. Hill 
and Mr. WaMingford returued, and the p.a'ty in some confusion, th'-'ir liglit hnvitig burnt 
out at the instant when it hecnnie necessary!! By the strangest fatality, my own jiarty wen; 
in the same situation, the cardies being ail burnt out. The day too came on apace, yvt I 
would by no means retract while any hopes of ^ucccss remained. Having again ;)h'.ccd sen- 
tinels, alight w,is obtained at a house di-joined from the town, and a tiie was kinaled in the 
steerage of a large sl.iip. which was surrounded by at least one hundred and fifty others, 
chiefly from two^to four hundred tons burden, ancl lying side by side, aground unsurround- 
ed by" the water. There were, be>ide^, from seventy lo a hundred large ships on the north 
armof the harbor, aground clear of the water, and divided from the rest only by a stone 
pier of a <hip"s height. I should (would) have kindled fires in other places if the tiiiio 
had pcnniited ; as ifdid not, our care was to prevent the one kindled from beingeasily extin- 
guished. Ai'ter some search, a liarrel of tar was found, and poured into the flames, wliich 
now ascended from all the hatchways. The inhabit\nts began to appear in tiiousands, and 
individuals ran hastily towards us. "l stood between them and the ^hip on lire, witli a pis- 
tol in ray hand, and ordered them to retire, which they did with precipitation. The fi-'-^ne^ 
had already caught in tlie rigging, and began to ascend the mainmast; tlie sun was a UiU 
hour's n.arch above the horizon, and as sleep no longer ruled the world, it was time to re- 
tire. We -e-embarked without opposition, having released a number of pri.-oncrs, as our 
boats could not carrv them. After all mv people had embarked, I stood upon tiic pier !or 
a con-iiier.iljle space", yet no person advanced; I saw all the eminences around tlie town 
covered witii the amazed inhabitants. 

" When we had rowe.i to a considerable distance from the shore, the Engli.-h bc;,'an to 
run in v.:st nr;m' ers to rhcir hats; their disappointments may ea.-ily be ini.'.g-ued when 
they f und. I suppose, at lea>t thirtv heavy cannon rendered u>eless. At length, iiov.cver; 
they b.L'im to :ire, having, as I apnrchend, either brought down ship's guns, or ii-cd ono 
or two cannon whieh lav on the beach at the foot of the walls, dismounted, an(l which had 
not b^ei! -inked. They fired with no direction, and the shot falling short of the boats, 
in>tra.l of d: in^ u-^ anV damage aff.rded >()n;c diver.'-ion ; whidi my people could not help 
showim:. ?;y di-cliaruim,' theirVi-tols. &e. in return of the salute, flad it been po-.-iblc to 
liiive laridfd a few hr-ur.- ^noncr, mv succcs-; would have lieen complete. >ot a >i!ig!e >hip, 
ont of mv.>re tlumtwu hiindnd, could possibly have escaped, and all the world wuald not have 
been able to save the tov,-u. What was dene, however, is snrheient to >how, that not ail 
their boasted navy can pr^/cct their own coast-;; and that the saenes of di>tress, which they 
h.ive oc;.-.s:onci! in Ami'riea, n:av soon be broii;:ht home to their own door. One of my 
people wa- mis.-ing; and 7nn-t, I fear, have fdlen into the enemy's hands after our depar- 
ture. I WIS pleasod tliat in this iMi-iness we neither killed or wounded any person. I 
brought otf three prison .ts as a srtnple." 

In a ni.-^morial to ooiigress Jones says, " His first ohjeet was to secure an excbtingc of 
rriioner ■■ in liiiropt, and hi-^ second to put an end, by one good tire in England, of ship- 
pin^-, to ail t!ic uumiugs in America,'' uud he expresses the opmion, that had his ufScers in 

20 Diary of Dr. Ezra Green. [Jan. 

of Plate to tlie amount of (as near as I can judcre) IGOlb. weight 
of Silver.' 

Fridaij^ 'HAth. — Early iu tiic mornin^r our Capt. proposed making 
a second attempt to cut out the 8liip in Canicf'ergus, ^vIlicll was now 
within a small Distnnce, the People botii otiicers & men discovr'J 
gread un-vvillingueps to make the attempt. Capt. Jones notwithstand- 
ing doclar'd publickly his determination to go iu, in short it seem'd im- 
possible to avoid it fur the Tide & what little wind there was, had 

the Providence and Alfred been with him in the Ranjrer, two hnnJred and fifty to three 
hundred l;i'-;^'e ships at ^V■hitL■haven would hiivc been laid in ashes. In the R^mger's lo:;- 
book the nuui left on ^horei.-; named David Suiith, and it was thoiiLrlit lie reiiiaiued oa 
shore voliuiradly, and tiiat uinler the name of rreeman, he gave iuionuatiori at, several 
houses that hre had bccu .-ct to the ship.s. 

' The attt upted Seizure of the Earl of Sdkirk, &,C.— On the Sth of May following, Jones 
wrote tVi'Mi lirest to the Countess of Selkirk, with regard to the taking of this phite. that 
he was obliged to conntcraiand while he did not approve of the act, and thus exprtsscs the 
object of the expedition. 

" Knowing Lord Selkirk's interest with the King, and esteeming as I do his private cha- 
racter, I wished to mak^'him the happy instrument of alleviating the horrors of a hopeless 
captivitv-, when the lirave are overpowered and made prisoners of war," and "it was my 
intention to have taken hinr on board the Ranger, and to have detained him until, through 
his means, a giiieral and fair exchange of pri.-oners, as well in Europe as in Amerii^a. hid 
been eif'eeted. When I was informed, by some men whom I met at the landing, tha'diis 
Lordship %vas i'.i;seu:, I w;uked back to my boat,_ determined to leave the Island. Bv^ iha 
way, however, some officers who were with nie, 'could nut forbear expressing their discon- 
tent, obser\ing tliat, in America, no delicacy ^vas shown Ijy the English, who toi/k away 
all sorts of niovi able property — setting fire not only to towns, and to the houses of the 
rich, vriihont distinction, butnot even sparing the wret-jhed hainlets and milch cows of the 
poor and helpless, at the approach of an inclement winter. That party hud been wirh nie 
the same morningat Whitehaven ; some complaisance, cherefore, was tlieir due. I had Int a 
moment to think'how I might gratify them, and at the same time do your ladyship the 
least injury. I cliarg-'d two otlicers "to permit none of the seamen to enter the house, or to 
hurt anything ;ibout"it, — to treat you. Madam, with the utmost respect, to accept of the 
plate wiiich was offered, and to come away without making a search, or demanding any 
thing else. 

" I am induced to believe I was punctually obeyed; since I am informed, that the plate 
which they brought away is short of the quaiiray expressed in the inventory which 
accompanied, it. I have .gratified my men ; and when the plate is sold I shall become the 
purchaser, and will gratify my own "leelicgs by restoring it to you, by such conveyance 
as you shall please to direct." 

Lord Selkirk wrote a letter in reply, intimating that he would .accept the return of the 
plate, if made by order of congress, "but not if redeemed by individual genero-ity. The 
letter, however, was detaim-d in the general post office, Londo'. , and returned to the earl, 
who rc'iiiested a gentleman to communicate the cause of i.J ndscarringe and its tenor 
orally to Dr. Franklin, who at once inform.ed .Jones of the sub-tances of the comnmni- 
cation. Meanwhile the plate had fallen into the hands of the prize agents, and it was not 
until the beginning of 1730, and by the purchase of seventeen twentieths of it, that Jones 
obtained possession of it. When he had succeeded in ctleeting this oiyect, he v/rote ag;nn 
to the Countess of Selkirk; but his voyage to America retarded its delivery until 17bt. 
It was eventually returned in the same condition in which it had been removed, and Lord 
Selkirk subsequently acknowledged, a« th- following extracts from his letter to Paul Jones, 
dated London, August 4, 17S0, the unwearied paius Jones had taken to secure its resto- 

" I received the letter voa wrote to me at tV.c time you sent off my plate, in order for 
restorii:g ir. Had I knoVn where to direct a letter to you, at ihe time it raTived in Scot- 
land, I would then have wrote you. * »■ • Notw!thstandii;g all the precaution you 
took for the easy and utintcrni'pted convey:ince of the plate, yi't it met v,-ith con-iderable 
delays; first at Calais, next at Dover, then at London; liowever, it at lest :irrived at Dura- 
fries", and I dare sav quite safe, tiiough as vet I have not seen it, being then in Ediaiairgh." 
" I intended to have put an artiele in the nevrspapers a!)out your having returned it * * 
and on all occasi''ns bcth now and formerly, I have done you the Justice to tell, that you 
made an oti'er of returning the plate verv soon after your return to Bresc; and although 
you yourself was not at riiy house, but rema-ncd at the sli(>re with your boat, that yet yoa 
had your ot^cers and men in sneh extraordinary good di=cipliue, that your having given 
them the strictest orders to Oehave well, to do no injury of any kind, torn d^c no search, but 
only to iiring otf what phire na- given them ; that in reality they did exactly as ordered, 
and tliat not one man oti'ered to stir fro'.u his post on the outside of tho house, nor entered 

1875.] Dlai^j of Dr. Ezra Green. 21 

impcrccptablv carry'd us in so far that tlicre was very little olinnce 
for nil Escape, and now wliieli Avas about ,-«un-risc Ave saw tlio Ship 
with Iler Sails loos'cl and had nothing to do but to get ready for 
Action Our reo})lc at the same Time^liscovering the greatest readi- 
ness to engage Ik-c. When t^he [the Sloo[) of war Drake] came out 
at 1 1 alinoft Calm about 1 2 Saw a Ijoat coming from the Ship which 
we Decoy 'd and took on board a ^Midshipman S^ /) Men ; there Ijcing 
a light Drceze of "Wind & understanding by the People from the Ship 
that she was c<->ming Out to us ; clung our wind and stood out under 
easy sail till 4 O'clock, V.M. & hove too for Ilcr, she came up ai)Out 
6 and hailed after the usual Compliments Avere pass'd avc Avore Ship 
and gave her a Avhole broad side, AAithout receiving a Shot : the 
Action continued till 5 minutes after scAcn very Avarm Avhen her 2 
Commanding OfficGrs being the one Capt. Brurdon killed c*t the 
other Lt. Dobbs mortally wounded and about 20 of Iler .Men dis- 
abled and the Ships Eigging Sails &c. very much damaged tliey 
were oblig'd to give her up by the Avave of the Hat c^ a call for 
Quarters for having the Second Time cut aAvay their Ensign staft' 
they had no Culoms to Strike. 

Lost on our side, — Lt. AVallingsford* killed by a musket shot in 
the head.. Jolm ^y. Dangle by a double IP. shot cut in two in the 
Fore Top. 

Wounded, — Pierce PoAvers lost his right Hand, & his left 
badly Avounded. James Falls by a musket shot through the 
Shoulder. Tho'. Tavlor lost his little Finger bv a musket shot at 
the Avheel. 

Saturdaij, 2Dth. — Very pleasant and almost Calm a fine Oppor- 
tunity for repairing and fitting for Sea from on board the Drake 
buried the Remains of Capt." Burdon Avith the Honors of Avar — 
spoke a Brigg from Avhite Haven of about 300 Tons commanded by 
Capt. ]More^ put a Prize ^Master and Hands on Board Her : at 12 
we AA'cre not for from the place of action about 2 Oclock 1 .\i.. 
haA-ing a light Breeze sent aAvay the Fisliing Boat's creAV with a pre- 
sent of Tvloney 17 Guineas and the Drakes Main Sail & ]M". Top 
Sail ; in the Evening committed the Body of Lt. Wallingsford to the 
deep Avith the Homjurs due to so brave an Officer. 

Jlondwf, 4:th J/r/y.— Died of his Avounds and the same day Avere 
decently buried tlie Piemains of Xath'. Wells of Portsmouth, America. 

Thiirs'lrnj, Jfv/ Ith. — Arrived at Brest Avith the Ship Drake in 

the doors, nor said an uncivil worrl; tb;it the two officers staid not a quarter of an hour 
in the pnrlor nnd the bntl.n'j piiniry, wliile tho butler cot the plate tnn-cthor, bchnvcii po- 
h'tely, aiiil ,i>kpd fur nor!iiii,2 Imt the plate, ::nJ iiistantiv marched tla-ir men otf in recuiur 
order, and th 't ;M>th citice:? and nun l.eliavcd in all respects so well, that it '.voukl hiwe 
done credit •'o the hf5t di.-ciplined troops whatever." 

' Lieut, Wnllinprfoid's rliri?t!an nam'-- was Sanincl. Doct. Green told bis son he tva? a 
lieuicn;nc of mirincs. His son Geor.'e AVashiiisiton Wallincford, horn in Somcr-v.orth, 
N. II., and an inr^.n: rwo ;ii'-,!iths old it the time uf his fatiicr'j death, was a dijdn_-iiished 
lawyer of Maine. (See AViilis's Laic and Laicijers of Maine, pp. -ij'l, 256.) 

22 Diary of Dr. Ezra Green. [Jan. 

May ^th, Saturday. — Sent on Shore to tlie Hospital Pierce 
Powers, James Falls & TI«o\ Taylor fi-oni the liangcr at the t-amc 
Time sent from tlie Drake 13 Prisoners. 

/Sunday, lOlh 2Iay. — Arrived here the Prize Bri;:,^ Patience. 

Wednesday, 13///. — Sent to t!ie Hospital Jolin Molt a Prisoner 
takcii in the Dniice. 

Friday, '2\) May. — Drew a petition in behalf of my j^ood I'riend 
Simpson now in goal in Brest which Avas sii^nM by Lt. Hall ]\P. 
CuUam and myself & sent on shore to the OtKce ia order to go to 
the Commissioners at Paris. 

21iursday, ISth June. — Kec'd the news of an Engagement 
between a French & English Frigate not far from ]Morleaux, the 
French Frig, was ordered out to xUlm' Byron to speak, she refiis'd 
to Obey therefore were fired on by the Eng — the action began 
about half past 4 on the afternoon of yesterday and continued 5 
hours, though the Eng*' struck they were prevented bringing her off 
by Admi Byron's Squadron 12 sail of the Line besides Frigr.tes — - 
the French Friirate lost 1 Lt. 1 otEcer of Marines and 38 men killed. 
and about GO Avounded. 

Thursday, 2nd July. — Had the company of Col' Frazier & ?.!'. 
Pringle to Dine, a^\ernoon went with them & Lieut\ Simpson cc Hull 
on board the Britaigne of 110 Guns & 1-100 Z\[en were treated with 
the gi-eatest civility & Respect from all on Board. 

Friday, "drd July. — This day arrived a Schooner called the 
Spy from Xew London with Dispatches n-om Congress. 

Saturday, July Ath. — This being the xVnniversary of xlmcni'an 
Independence, was observed as such Our Ship was drecsed 13 guns 
discharg'd at 10 O'clock ; At imdressing 13 more ; on drinking the 
Duke de Chartre's PIcalth 9 guns were fired ; a number of Patriotic 
Toast were drank ; and universal Joy was diffused throughout the 
■whole Ship's company. 

Wednesday, Jury Sth. — This day the Flee* sail'd from this Place 
about 33 sad of the Line besides Frigates. 

Thursday, dth. — This Day arrived here a Brig from Carolina 
with Kice — no news C. Pay. 

Friday, July 10th. — This Day the Lively Ship of war was 
brought into this harbour. On her refusing to comply with the 
commands of Capt. of the Frigate by which she was taken, she re- 
ceiv'd a broadside from the Cannon & the fire from the Swivels & 
musketry both from below and aloft, which was returned by 3 gams 
when she struck. Her loss was about -0 kilfd & 40 wounded most 
of whom are since dead. 

Friday, July 11th. — This day was brought in here the prize 
Cutter Alert of 12 guns, the same which took the Lexington Brig 
of 14 guns Joimson Conim'. She was taken by a Frigate. 

Sujiday^ 28 June last were brought hi hero Two Cutters from 
Guernsey taken hj Frigate Snow. 

1875.] Biary of Dr. Ezra Green. 23 

WednesQlay, 22 July. — Ecc'd the news of C. De Astangs anival 
in Lostoii. 

Monday, July 'lltJi. — This day Thomas Simpson Esq'^ came on 
board with orders to take eomraand oi' the liangcr ; to the joy and 
Satisfaction of the whole Sliips company. 

Tuesday, July2SlIi. — Thid Day arrived from the Lamp [illegible] 
of GO guns, "\nth news of an Engagement between the Fleets. 

M^ednesday, July 2?>fh. — Last night arrived a 74 'J'kis Day 
arrived the Elcet, excepting 1 of 80 1 of GO and 1 Frigate, wliieh 
they say parted from them in the Fog — they appear to have sustained 
no very considerable Damage in the late F'ight. 

Saturday, 8th. — Sent to the Hospital three oftlie Drake's 
People ^iz : Jn° AViUdnson Pilot Jokn Colbert & John Pickets 

Sunday, Augt 9fh. — Sent to the Hospital Joseph Larcher a 
Prisoner irom y" Drake. 

Saturday 15. — Last night arrived Here the Barton &, Provi- 
dence, AVhipple 4& Tucker from 2> antes. 

' This chsinge of coTnmrir.ders wa« at Jones's reqn<^st on thc'4th of July. He wrote to the 
comniJ.->ioners at Paris, — " When Congress thought proper to order me to France it -was 
I'Toposcd that the Banger shoukl remain under' my direction, not be commanded by a 
Lieuten;iat. And as the French ministry have now in coutemplarion plans which pro- 
mise honor to the American riag, the Ranger might be very nsct'ul in carrying tlicm into 
execntion. Lient. Simpson has certainly beiiaved amiss; yet I can forgive, as well as re- 
sent; and npon his making a proper concession. I will Avitu your appronation not only 
forgive the past, bnt leave him the command of the Ranger. By this means, and by some 
little promotions and attentions, I hope to be able to satisfy the Ranger's crew, so that 
they wiil postpone their retnrn as long as the service may requu'C." 

On the loth of August, he wrote'the commissioners from Brest, " I have been 'five 
days in this place since my retnrn from Passy, during which time I have neither seen 
nor heard from Liei:t. Simpson; but Mr. Hill, ' who wa's kit winter at Passy, and who 
sailed wi'h me from Xantos, informs me truly, that it is generally reported in the Ranger, 
and of course throughout the French fleet and on shore, that I ain turned out of the <cnice ; 
that you gentlemen have given Mr. Simpson my j^lace, with a Captain's cummi.-sion, and 
that my letter to you of the Ifith of July, was involuntary on my part, and in oficdience 
only to your orders." That these reports prevail, is not an idle conjecture, but a melan- 
choly fact. Tliorefore, I beseech you; I demand of you to ailord me redress — redress by 
a Louvt martial," &c. 'On the loth of August, he wrote Capt. Abraham Whipple, then at 
Brest, req^uestirg that a court martial might be summoned for the trial of Simpson, but 
Capt. Whipple writes him, explaining the inipossiiiility of forming a court, and expressing 
it as his opinion, that as he had given up the parole of Simpson, iu the most ample manner 
without asking for concessions, notlang could be done. 

^Liout. Simpson sailed in the Ranger" for .\meriea. On the SOth of August, Jones's friend 
Mr. Williams, writing' to him from Xantes, iu relation to the pendiui;; sale of the I)ral>e, said, 
•• I am sorry your affair with Lietit. Simpson was not settled with mutual sati-factioa. if 
he was not gone, I should answer his charge of falsehood with the following paragraph of 
his own ktter to me, of the 1st of Aueust, to mine, which vou sav he calls false, viz : ' I 
recollect my telling you when at Eresi, that if Capt. Jones'had co'ndescendcLHo have made 
P-uy inquiry, or permitted him to speak to mc on the matter of my confinement. I was 
ready to give him any satisfaction consonant with truth.' It is strange he should recollect 
this when he wrote me the letter, and forget it again wlien he told Mr. Hill it v>-a> false. 
Lieut. Simpson's letter to me is in very rcspeeifiil terms, and I wrote him a letter of thanks 
in return. He il<?ired me to present his respects to you, and tell you that <your recorn- 
menuation to the commis?ioners, which I nientioucd, wouhl, with any ser^-iees you 
had done him, be ever remembered with gratitmie.' " 

The Ranger anived sail- in America, and Lieut. Simpson was continued in command 
of her until she was destroyed at Charleston, after which we hcarno more of him in the naval 

In February following, the commissioners addressed a letter to Jones, stating, as hi? 
separation from, the, and the appointment of Lieut. Simp<:on to the couTmand of her 
woiild be liaMe to, they certitied that his Iciiving her was by their con- 
sent, at the express request of M. de Sartine, who iufoimed them that he had occasion to 

24 Diary of Dr. Ezra Green. [Jan. 

TJn'.rsdatj, 20th Augt. — ]\Ioved down in Company with the 
Providence & Boston Frigates, about four Leagues &, came too, to 
give the People an Op|)ortuiiitj of expending tlicir Prize Money. I 
had a very FaliguiTig Time up to lirest on business for Capt. Simp- 
Bon and the widow of my deceas'd }"\icnd J^t. AVallingford for 
whom I hought 32 Crowns worth. 

I^riday, Hsl. — Very little wind this morning came to Sail <.*c 
got down about 2 Leagues & anchored. At 3 P. M. came to Sail 
again and ran out with a line Breeze. 

Saturday, 22. — Very fine weather in the morning saw a Sail 
ahead were order'd by our Commodore to give chase came up with 
Her about 5 P. jNL a Spanish Snow bound to Haver du Grace. 
Sunday, 2'?>rd. Auy. — Chased a Dutchman all Day. 
JMonday, 24. — Spoke Brig calfd tlie Sally from London laden 
with Provisions, Beef Floured Butter, 150 Tons Burthen. Sent her 
to America. Lat. 45.32 Long. 10.22. 

Wednesday, September 2nd. — Being in chase in Latt. 47.21 
Long. 21.24: at 3 P. M. carry *d away Our fore Top Mast and ^lain 
Top pall. Mast. 

Wednesday, SejJt. Qfh.—Latt. 46.7 Long. 36.29. Took a Brig 
called the Frionds from Granada bound to Glasco with Bum & Cot- 
ton about 100 Tons Burden. 10 Bags Cotton 134 Puncheons Bum. 
Wednesday, IGth Sept\ in Latt. 45.45 Long. 41.47 Took a 
Snow from Xewfouudland Laden with Fish 150 Tons Burthen. 

Thursday 11 ih. — 7 Jiorn gave chase to a large Ship to windward 
as far as we could see them from Top of mast head 7 in the Evening, 
came verv near them but niirht cominp- on lost siirht of them. 

Friday, 25th September. — In Latt. 44.45 had soundings on the 
Banks of Newfoundland in 82 Fathoms, Foggy. 

Sunday, 21th Sept. — Sj)oke a Brig from Amsterdam called the 
William Bobert Stonchouse Comm"" bound to Boston the same Day 
saw an Island of Ice at a Distance which had iie appearance of a 
Lofty Sail we pass'd v>ithin a League of it to windward. The Brig 
ia Laden with Tea and Cordage. 

employ Jones in some piiblic service -, that Simpson -n-as appointed to the command by the 
consent ef Jones, -nho hiid released liim from the arre>t he liad placed liim under: that 
Jones's rank in tlie navy was not prejudicecl by his leaving the Hanger; and that his com- 
mission remained in full force. 

In a letter addressed to Roliert Morris, dated Oct. 10,1783, Jones says, he "received 
orders to i)roeeed to Europe, to command tlic greac fripitc budding at Amsterdam, Jbr the 
U.S.; tl;en called the Indien, and since the .South C'arolin,-.," — and "it was proposed 
that he should proceed to Fnmce in a sliip l;olongiiig to tliat Ivii.tjdom ; but, some difnoulties 
arising, tlie ^loo[J of war Hanger of IS gmis was put under liis command for that service, 
and to serve e-ftcrwards as a tender to tlie Indien, but political reasons defeated the plan, 
and after seeing the conimi<siuners in Paris, agn ealjly to their order to consult on the means 
of carrying it into execution, he retiii-ued to Nantes and resumed the command of the 

1875.] The Wilcox Famihj. 25 


THE WILCOX fa:\iily. 

By W. II. W'kituoi.k, A.M., Eostou. 

T seems that William Wilcox, of Cambridge, who died Nov. 28, 
1G53, in his Avill dated two days before (JaEG. xvi. 7G), mentioius 
his Vt'ife then sick. From the liev. Lucius It. Paige I lenru tliat 
AVilliaiii ^\'iJcox m. ]\Lary Powell, Jan. 22, 1G50. 

On our Bostou records (Peg. xi. 200) I fmd '"Jacob Elliot wa.-; 
niarryed to Mary Wilcock, widow, 9 : 11 : 5-1 : by Cnpt. Iluiiiphrey 

Savage indeed writes : "Wilcox, John, Dorchester, whose young 
widow m. 9 Jan'y, 1651-5, Jacob Eliot." But in this he was clearly 
wrong. On the Dorchester records (MS. vol. i. pp. 105, 141) it 
seems indeed, that a John Wilcox was in the spring of IGGl and of 
1GG2, twice appointed a fence viewer. He m. widovr Mary Eains- 
worth, and deeds land in 1661 and 1G65. But this proves too much, 
for this John did not have a widow six years before. I find no other 
John V>'ilcox in Dorchester, and this John ^s'as certainly the Middle- 
town man. We must look elsewhere for Eliot's vdfe. 

It seems therefore almost certain that Jacob Elliot's wife Vy-as 
]Mary, widov,- of William AVilcox, of Cambridge ; since she was a 
widow and the only one we know of. 

Leaving out of sight eome early settlers of the name in Phode 
Island, we find that there was a Jolm Wilcox, of Hartford (liinman, 
first ed. 98), surveyor of highways 1642 and 1644, juror 1645, 
called senior in 1648 (TnmibuR's Conn. Pec. i. 172), selcctraan in 
1649. He must have died before Oct., 1666, when his widov/ 
makes her wiU. 

His Avidow Mary's v/ill was dated Oct. 4, 1666 : she mentions 
dau. Ann IlaU, cousin {i. e. gi-and-clnld) Sarah Long, son John 
Cidwell. An abstract of this and other papers will be found in 
Appendix A. 

It ii evident as the fiither is called John, Sen., in 1648, that he 
then had a son John, Jr., of adult age, and we identify this latter with 

Johtn Wu.cox, of Hartford, who m., first, Sarah, dau. of William 
Wadsworth, Sept. 17, 1646, and had: 
i. Sarah, b. Oot. 3, IG48. 

Ilis wife d}*ing, he m., second, January 18, 1G50, Catherine 
Stoughton, moved to Middletown, and had several children, viz. : 
ii. John, b. Oct. 29, 1G50 ; d. before hi^ father, 
iii. Thomas, d. before his father. 
i/. Mary, b. jSTov. 13, 10-31 ; d. before her father. 
VOL. xn2. 3 

26 27^6 Wilcox Famihf. [Jan. 

V. Israel, b. June 10, 1056, 
vi. Samuel, b. Nov. 9, Kw58. 

This wife dying, he m. , ibird, Marj,' widow of Joseph FarnswortJi, 
of Dorchester ; before that, widov/of Long, who died in 1G71. 

He m., fourth, Esther, dan. of Williaia Cornwell, and had: 

Tii. Ephiuirn, b. July 9, 1072. 
viii. Esther, b. Dec. 9, IGTo. 
ix. Mary, b. March 24, 1G76. 

He d. May 24, 1676. March 1, 1676-7 (Co. Court iii. 
161), the court ordered distribution. On the inventory (400 L., ii. 
4) it is note'l : "The children of tlic deceased are, Sarali Long, near 
28 years old: Israel, 20 year old; Samuel, Nov. 9, '76, lb year 
old; Ephraim, 4 year old 9 July, 1676 ; Hester, 2 years old Dec. 
the last, 1675 : Mary was born tlie 9, 1675-6." 

These dates do not agree v/ith the births as above recorded. 

Ann ("Wilcox) Hall. It is stated in the Yv'etmore genealogy, 
apparently from the Middletown records, that "Ann, \die of John 
Hall and daughter of John Vv'ilcocke, died July 20, 1673, aged 
about 57." She was of course the daughter of John Wilcox, Sen. 
Her husband vras John Hall, Jr. , son of John of Hartford and Middle- 
town, who hadii^cd in Xew-Englaud 40 years before his death in 1673. 

Sa,vage indeed doubts if she might not be a second wife of John 
Hall, Sen. ; but this is impossible. First, as John Hall, Sen., died 
May 26, 1673, Anne would have been called his widow, not his 
wife, two liiontlis later. 

Again, John Hall, Sen.'s will dated ]May 14, 1673, as copied by 
Mr. Tininibull, mentions son llichard Hall and his children, son John 
Hall, children of daughter Sarah AVetmer, deceased, son Thomas 
Wetmer; gives 10 slid, towards a school; and gives the remainder 
of his estate to son Samuel Hall and his heirs. 

But he mentions no wife, and it is incredible that he should have 
had oj.e living but unnoticed. 

We do not doubt then that the "An Haul" mentioned by the widow 
of Jo] iu Wilcox, Sen., as her daughter, was Anne, wife of John 
Hall, Jr., and sister-in-law of Sarah Hall, wife of Thomas "Whit- 
more, of Hartford, ancestor of the Wctniores of this country. - 

It is a coincidence certainly that whilst John Wilcox, Sen., of 
IVIiddlctown, had a dan. Ann who m. John Rail, Jr., of that p«iace 
(sister-in-k-NV of Sarah, wife of Thomas Whitmore) , the Cambridge 
William Wilcox mentions in his will a sisier, the widow Hall, whose 
children were Vv'iliiani and Susan. A^'e identify her with the widow 
Mary HaU, of Cambridge, who had children John, Susanna, Stephen, 
Wilham, jMary, Hannah and Lydia. 

It is curious that John Wilcox, Sen., had a dau. Ann Hall, and 

* The proofs of this marriage are amplj set forth in Appendix B. 

1875.] The Wilcox Family. 27 

William TMlcox a sister Mary Hall ; but tiiis may point to some con- 
nection in England between John and A\'illiam V\'iIcox, and bct^vccn 
the HalJs of ^liddletown and tlie Plalls of Cam bridge. 

Francis WlutinorCj of Cambridge, is mentioned by William A\'i]cox 
as one in his "- iimiily meeting." Xow believing as we do that J:ico!> 
Eliot, Jr., m. the widow Wilcox, it is to be noted that Dea. Julm 
Whitmore (son of Francis) m. Kachel, dau. of Francis Eliot, o'.\n 
cousin to Jacob E., Jr., and Abigail Whitmore, sister of Dea. Joim, 
m. Samuel Wilcox, of ]Middleto\Nm, son of John W., Jr. A<--ain,' 
MaryStoughton, niece of John Wilcox, Jr., and sister of the A\Tfc of 
Samuel Farnsworth, m. John Eliot, gTandson of tlie l\ev. John E., 
and cousin once-removed to Jacob, Jr., and to Kachel Eliot. 

Although there was no known relation between Tiiomas Whitmore, 
of Middletown, and Francis Whitmore, of Cambridi^-e, it is some- 
what strange that Francis's oldest son, Francis, Jr., went to ]\Iiddle- 
town, as did two of his daughters, who m. respectively Daniel 
I\Jarkham and Samuel Wilcox." V>v.t if the ]Middietown Vv'ilcoxes, 
Halls and ^Vhitmores were relatives of the Camlnidge AV^ilcoxcs, 
Halls and "vViiiimores, then such a removal would be natural. Tneso 
cohicidcTices, added to the cross-man-iages and the Eliot connections, 
seem to go far to render such relationships higldy probable. 

Leicestershire is bounded by the counties' east by Lincoln and 
Kutland, south by Xorthampton, west hy V/arwick and Derby (Staf- 
ford almost touching it), north by Xottingham. 

It is worthy of notice that the visitation of Leicestershire mentions 
the following lamilies, giving pedigrees thereof, yiz. : Wilcocks, 
Hastmgs, Fox, and Hall, rendering it desirable to examine tlie re- 
cords of that county first, in order to find the origin of these colon^ts. 
Wilham Wilcox, of Cambridge, mentions particularly the son of 
the Rev. Thomas Shepard, "for whose father's sake I cannot forget 
him." This clergyman was born at Towcester, near Xorthampton, 
m the county of that name, Xov. 5, 1G05 ; went to Emmanuel Col- 
lege, Cambridge, in 1G20 ; was a lecturer of Earles-colne, co. Essex ; 
then lived at Butrerchrorae, co. York, at Sir Eichard Darlev's house ; 
trien vcv.t to Xorthumberiand ; sailed from Harwich in 1G;3-J:, was 
driven back by a storm, and lived at Bastsvick, co. Xovfblk ; re- 
embarked and amved in Xew-Endand, Oct. 3, 1635. He was 
Eettlod in Cambridge, Mass., till he"^died, Aug. 25, 1649, Wilcox 
may mean b}^ his words only such acquaintance as he had had v.ith 
fchepard in Cambridge here, or he mav refer to some knowledge of 
mm in England. ' '^ 

Appendix A. 

The following copies of wills and papers on record at Hartford 
have been most kindly made for me by J. Hammond Trumbull, Esq. 
[Original on file. Recorded Prcb. Rec. iii. 61.] 

Wixi., Oct. 4, 166G, of Mar>i TJ7/coc/^, widow, of "Hertford. 
To cousni Sarah Long, two pewter platters. To daughter An Haul, 

28 The Wilcox Family. [Jan. 

40 sliil. and best feather pillow. All other estate, after debts paid, 
and "charges about my comly buriall being discharged," to loving 
son John BidweU, who is made wole executor. Dea. Butler and 
James Ensing intrcatcd to be overseers. 

Signed (by mark of) ]^.LiRY Wilcock. 


Richard Butler, 

James Ensing. 
Adm. granted ]Mch. 4, 1668-9 — inventory, £iO. 

:\P Sam'^ Willys 
Capt. Jn^Talcot 
Lt. Jn° ^Ulyn 

OctoV 2D : 67. Upon y^ motion of Deacon Butler in behalf of 
the Widdow AVilcox, the Assis'' doe see cause to order that Jolm 
"VVilcox doe pay unto his mother the said Widdo^v Wilcox or her A,s- 
signcs six pounds a year in wheat and pease at price currant to be 
paid in Ilmtfovd vrhere she or they shall appoint, which is in lieu of 
what he is engaged to pay unto her by his father's will. And y* said 
John Wilcox is to possess and enioy the old house, the closset, and 
y^ fruit of y"" Orchyard which by y" will of her husband she should 
possess, but throw weakness is disabled for continueing in y*^ house 
to possesse it alone. The magestrates doe also determine that what 
rent is to be paid for y^ house and orchyard by the Jevres who have 
. lived in ic tliis year past, that it be paid to y'' said Widdow." 

[Quarter Coiurt Eecords, iii. 69.] 

A County Court at Hartford, March 5, 16G7-G8. 
"U')ontl)e motion of Deacon Eichard Butler & James Ensing, 
that some course might be taken that some might be impowered to 
disspose of the "Widow Willcox & her estate to the best advantage, 
that there migiit be some comfortable satisfaction made to those that 
shall envcrtoin licr as long as her estate will afoard it, this Court re- 
ferrs the v.liule njatttr to the prudent management of the sayd Butler 
& Ensigne & doc hereby impower them to act in it." — [Ibid, p. 76.] 

Appendix B. 
John Wilcox, of Hartford and ]Middletown, had for his first wife 
Sarali Wadsworth, and her cistcr m. Thomas Stoughhni, Jr. Wilcox 
m., second, Catherine Stoughton, tistcr of Thomas S. and dau. of 
the Thomas Stoughton, Sen., who went froni Dorciiccrcr to Windsor. 
Catherine had many relatives living in Dorchester, and her last child 
was born in Xov., 1658. Probably blie died i^oon after, and John 
Wilcox m, a third wife Mary, who died in K.mI. 

1875.] The Wilcox Famihj, 20 

We find at Dorchester a John "Wilcox, -who was fence viewer in 
lOGl, 1GG2 ( Dorchester Ivec. MS. vol. i. pp. 131, 141) ; and on SulF. 
Deeds vii. 21*6, April 21, 16()1, a deed from John ^^'ilcox, of D., 
and I\Iarv his vrife, executrix of the A\iil of Joseph Farncwoi-th, (o 
^^'aliam■poud. Also (Suff. Dcedd xi. 359), :March 17, 1604-5, 
deed of same John and Mary Wilcox, to Sanuiel llijj^bee. 

In the IiEGiSTER, ix. 140, is the will of Jose})h Farnsworth al)ovo 
cited, made Jan. 2, 1(559, speaking of his wife ^lary, and her two 
children by a former liusband, viz., Joseph Lo7:g aii<l Thomas Long-. 
Joseph Farnsworth seems to have had a son Samuel Farnswortli, l>y 
this wife jNIary, though he had other children, doubtless by a former 

On file at Hartford is the will dated xVprU 3, 1G71, oi Mary, wife 
of John Wilcox, of Middletown, "declared by word of mouth." 
Gives to her son, Samuel Fernsworth, £10 stg., out of her land in 
the great lot at Dorchester. Remainder of the lot to her husband, 
John '\^'ilcox. To her son, Joseph Lonrj, the bill she had of him 
for land bought of her. " AVhite was coat and red tammy coat " to 
Mary Willcox. To Sarah Long, her feather bed and bol^fter 
wliich is at Plartford in her house already, her '' cloath wascoat with 
the great siUer lace, and a petty coate." Freely resigns to her hus- 
band, J. W., his estate which was mortj^aired to her. Desires tliat 

_ CO 

£10 given her son, Samuel Fernsworth, shoi.dd be paid to her friend, 
Capt. Hopestill Foster, of Dorchester, to be kept till he come of age. 
'f\^itne5sed by John Hall and Anne Hall. 

John WiJlcox owned in court, Sept. 7, 1671, that he gave his wife 
liberty to make her will. 

These documents of com'se prove that John "Wilcox, of Middle- 
town, was the Dorchester man, and that his third wife was the widow 
Long-Fams worth. I think it also certain that his step-son. Thomas 
Long, married Sarah Wilcox, dau. of John W, by his first wife. 
Such Lntermarria^es are common and natui-al, Sarah Long, born in 
1048, is reckoned among John Wilcox's children, just where his 
oldest dau. Sarah would be ; no other step-children are so reckoned, 
and we may be sure Sarah Wilcox had married a Long. Savage 
records a Thomas Long, of Hartford, 16G5, and we know not who 
he was, unless he was John ^^'ilcox's step-son. We conclude there- 
fore that Tliomas Long married his step-sister Sarah Wilcox. 

Again, Samuel Farnsworth, another step-son of John Wilcox, m. 
in 1G77, ^Mary, dau. of Thomas Stougbton, Jr., a girl doubly a 
cousin to the children of Wilcox, with whom Farnsworth had 
been brought up. Tiiis may serve to indicate that the mixed 
households, of which John Wilcox was the head, lived in harmony 
and accord. 

VOL, xnz. 3* 


Greenlayid, iVl II. — Earhj Ministerial Records. 



Coumiink-atcd by the Hon. William P. ll.vixr.s, of Bidikfoid, bit. 
CContiDuCd from vol. xxviii. p. 423.) 

1728 541 

513 John Kenestoae owned y^ cove- 

nant tfcc. 5-1-2 

514 IMavy Daughter Thomas Cotton 043 

515 Sarah Keuestoue owned y'' cove- 

nant 6cc. 544 

516 Jeane Koneston Daughter of 

Jo° Kenestone 545 

517 Eob' Go53 owuedy'' covenant &c. 

518 John Briant owned v® covenant 546 

&c. ' 547 

519 Elinor Briant owned y^ cove- 548 

nant <S;c. 549 

520 Susa^'in;? Bi.-iant owned y'' cove- 550 

nant &zc. 551 

521 Catharhie Blazo owned y* cove- 

nant &c. 552 

522 Sarah fose owned yecovenant&c. 553 

523 Elizal):?th Daughter of John 

AVhitten 554 

524 Kebecka TTelhern owned y« co- 555 

venaTit £cc. 

525 John lliukson owned y^- cove- 556 

nant &c. 557 

526 Sam" Son of Walter Weeks 

527 Haiiah Daughter of Sum" Neale 558 

528 S.^aiuel Son of Samuel Hnggins 550 

529 David Son of James Rogers 560 

530 James Son of James Colt 561 

531 Richard Son of John Dockum 

532 Elizabeth Daughter of Walter 562 

Philbrook 5G3 

533 Juditli Daughter of Williani 

Blasso 564 

534 Dorothy Daughter of Robt. Bri- 

ant 565 

535 Sam'"' Sou of Joshua Ilains 

536 Timothy Son of Nathan Johnson b^^^ 

537 Benjamin Sou of Nathaniel Wat- 567 


538 IMavy Daughter of Mary Moody 568 

539 Thomas Son of Isaac foss 569 

540 William Davis owned y^ Cove- 570 

Kant &c. 571 

Eliz. Daughter of George Kene- 
John Son of James Uriu 
Sarah Daughter of Benjamin 

Jeane Avery owned y*^ cove- 
nant &c. 
Hannah Daughter of Rich'' Car- 
Timothy Son of James Wliitten 
Eliz. Dangliter of Joseph. Urin 
Clemmt-nt Son of Jeane Cate 
Thom^ vSon of John Wf eks 
David Son of William Davis 
Elinor Daughter of Samuei 

Sam" Son of Samuel Kenestone 
Abigail Avery owned y^ cove- 
nant <&rc. 
Zebedee Son of Ithamer Berry 
Ellit Sou of Ithamer Berry 

Arnel Son of IMichael Wozen 
Eliz. IMorsrin owned v« covenant 

Antony Son of Nathauiel Peavey 
Job son of Jonathan Philbrook 
Jonathan son of Rob' Avery Jun' 
Comfort Daughter of Tucker 

Sam" son Sam" Ilains 
Margaret Daughter of Capt. 

Joshua Weeks 
Sarah Daughter of Dearborn 

Hannah Daughter of Thomas 

Wiiiiam son of William Wallice 
Susannah Daughter of Edvvard 

John son of Joseph Grant 
Susannah Daughter of William 
James son of Joshua Hains 
Isaiah son of Edwai'd Dearborn 

1875.] Greenland, JSf. H. — Early Ministerial Records. 31 

572 William son of Tho' tetherlye 

573 I>nack son of Tho" tetherlye 

574 jNIary Dauirhtcr Tho' tetherlye 

575 Elizabeth l>:iuditcr of "William 


576 Ly<lia Dau^jutor of Joseph Hill 

577 Lydia "Wozcu 

578 Ahic^ail Wozeu 

579 Penelope Wozcn Daughter of 

IMichael AVozcu 

580 Sam" son of S;ini" Davis 

581 John son of Ens. John Johnson 

582 Johannah Daughter of John ford 

583 Elizabeth Daughter of iS^atha- 

nael Huggins 
534 Ruhamah JXiughter of Samuel 

585 Elizabeth Daughterof Ens. John 

Whit ten 
53G Sarah Daughter of John lang 

587 I'i'A'eclva Daughter of Joseph 



588 Martha Daughter of John Dock- 


589 Mary Daughter of Ithamer Ber- 


590 Peter sen of Phillip Eabb 

591 Abigails Daughter of Thomas 


592 IMary Daughter of John Weeks 

593 Sam" son of John Grow 

594 Walter son of Walter AYeeks 

595 Abraham son of Ebenezer John- 

59 G Jonathan son of Samuel Huggins 

597 Benjamin son of James Gate 

598 "NVoodin son of Benjamin foster 

599 William son of George Kene- 

tiOO Daniel Son of Edward Arery 
COl V>'iUiam Son of Nathan Johnson 
6<)"i Nathan son of Robert Murdogh 

603 Anne !Meloon owned ye cove- 

nant vie. 

604 Jame^ Son of James Urin 

605 .Jo;:eph 3Ie]oon 

606 Henry !^[eloon 

607 Daniel Meloon 

608 John Meloon 

609 Elizabeth IMeloon 

610 Mary Ttleloon sons &z daughters 

of Joseph Meloon 

611 Isaac Green son of Jacob 


612 Jeane daughter of 

613 Joseph sou of Samuel Weeks 

614 Elinor foxe owned y* co\enant 


615 Sam" Triggs owned y*^ covenant 

610 Ann Daughter of Samuel Tiitrgs 

617 Patience Daughter of "William 


618 John Dam owned y'^covenant v.^c. 

6 1 9 Jeane Daughter ui Richard Sa m- 


620 ]Matthias Moody owned y* cove- 

nant &c. 

621 John son of C;deb Philbrook 

622 Martha Daughter of Tucker 


623 Sam'' son of James Nudd 

624 Tho'' son of Thomas Berrey 

625 Benjamin son of John Blake 
620 Josiah son of Josiali Cla'/ko 

627 Benjamin son of Joseph Grant 

628 Abraham son of Edward Dear- 

€29 Phebe Daughter of Deakon 

630 Sarah Daughter of Jonathan 


631 Elianor Daughter of Samuel 


632 Beojamin son of Richard Carter 

633 Thomas son of James .Tohnson 

634 Sarah Daughter of John i>jwe 

635 Mary 'Daughter of Tiijma? 


636 Abigaile Daughter of Joseph 


637 John son of ^Matthias Hains Jua' 

638 John sou of John fonl 

639 Rosamond Daughter of IS'athan 


640 Arnold briant Daughter of Eli- 

sha Briant 

641 Hannah Daughter of Elisha 


642 Mary Daughter of John Grow 

643 Mathias son of Sam" Hains 


644 Deborah Daughter of Jolin Sav- 


32 Greenland, JST. II. — Early Ministerial Records. [Jan. 

645 Susanna Daughter of George 


646 Abigail Daughter of John Weeks 

647 Si.»lomon son of James AVitlen 

648 Dersheba Daugbter of John 


649 Nathanael son of Philip Bab 

650 Richard son of Waiter Weeks 

651 Grace Daughter of John lang 

652 frederica Daughter of Sani'* 


653 Jolia son of Tho' Cotton 

654 John sou of Willir-ui Gate 

Q)00 M.irgaret Daughter of Ebenezer 

656 John son of Samuel Davis 

657 Joseph son of Enoch Cleark 

658 John son of George Kenestone 

659 lydia Dauwhter of Hob' Goss 

6(^0 E]i7.Diujht.?-cf>^-ni:ol Weeks 

661 Ebeuezer Blake owned y^ cove- 

nant &:C. 

662 Mary D. of Will. Wamoth & 

Nice to Sarah Clarke 

663 Eliz. Daughter of Kobert Mor- 



664 Caleb son of Caleb Philbrook 

665 Sam" sou of Nathaniel Iluggins 

666 Surah Daughter of Benjamin 


667 Susannah Daughter of Joshua 


668 Jonathan son of liichard Sam- 


669 William son of Josiah Clarke 

670 Benjamin son of Janaes Nudd 

671 Mercie Daughter of James lock 

672 Margaret Daughter of Tucker 


673 Timothy son of William Davis 

674 Joshua sou of John Bracket 

675 Margaret Daughter of Sam" 


676 Elianor Daughter of John Wat- 


677 Mehetable Daughter of John 


678 Thaukfuil Daughter of John 


679 John Sun of Thomas Cotton 

680 John son of Joseph Grant 

681 James son of Thomas Marden 

682 Abig;tile Daughter of AV'iLliam 


683 Sam" son of Edward Doi-rborn 

684 John soil of Josima fo?s Juu' 

685 Susunn-ah Kenestone wife of Jri'-* 

ICtriestone owned cov' 

686 Ann Kenestone owned y* cove- 

nant &c. 

687 Sarah Daughter of John Kene- 

stone Jun'' 
683 IMary Dani;;hter of Clem' JMarcii 
C>d>':i Martha Daughter of Clem' 

600 Solomon son of Sam^' Kenestone 
691 Nathanael son of JoJin Grow 
C92 Benjamin son of Sam'' Meloon 

693 Solomon son of Joseph Urin 

694 Elinor Daughter of Isaac Dowe 
C'J5 Muiy Daughter of Enhraim 

690 Con'tfort Daughter of Walter 

097 Elizabeth Daughter of Ebenezer 


698 Merlba Daughter of James John- 


699 Sarah Daughter of widow ford 

700 Annah Daughter of Rich'* Sam- 


701 John son of Josiah foss 

702 John son of John Lang 

703 Joshua Jennes owned y® cove- 

nant &c. 

704 Anue Daughter of Joshua Jen- 


705 Jonathan son of James Gate 
700 John son of John Weeks 

707 John son of William Blazo 

708 Jonathan son of "William Blazo 

709 Benjamin son of William Norton 

710 Samuel son of William Norton 

711 Ephraim son of Abraham Libbe 


712 Mehetabel Daugh' of Sam" 


713 Samuel son of William Gate 

714 James son of James Nudd 

715 T>Iary Daughter of Edward 


716 Andrew peters son of John Car- 


1875.] Greenland, JV. 11. — Early Ministerial llecords. 


717 Pradence Daughter of Samuel 

71<S Sarah liill owned y* covenant. vLc. 

719 Anne Daughter of Sam" Kt-ne- 


720 John hovy & uife owned ye 

covenant and had ye child 
baptized Sarah her name 

721 Isaiah sou of Benjamin foster 

722 Prudence Daughter of John 


723 John son of John P>racket 
72 i Samuel son of Josiah Clark 
72o Kath Daughter of John Grow 
72C r nice Daughter of John Grow 

727 r>eujamiu son of Joshua jMackris 

728 r>enjamin son of John Watson 

729 jMarearet Daughter of Jedediah 


730 Hannah Daughter of William 


731 Enoch son of Enoch Clark 

732 Eleanor Daughter ofJames Wit- 

ten Jan., who both owned cov. 

733 Elizabeth Daughter of Philip 

73-1 Martha Daughter of Thomas 

735 Hannah Daughter of James lock 

736 Har.nah Daughter of Docter 

Clem' ]March 

737 Abiah Dau-'hter of Zecariah 



738 Sarah Donevan Daughter of 

Bridget Donevan 
730 Eliz. Daugliter of Josiah foss 
7-40 Sarah Daughter of Isathaniel 


741 Eridgor. Daughter of Jedediah 


742 Olive Daughter of Thos. Ayers 

743 Ebeuezer son of Eben. Johnson 


744 Abigaile Daughter of Eob'. 

74.5 Benjamin son of Sam" Davis 
740 Josej)h son of John Weeks 

747 Jonathan son of Caleb Phil- 


748 Eichard Sambon son of Eich'^ 


749 Martha Daughter of James 


750 Joslma son of Sam" Weeks 

751 IMcroy Daug"" of John Blako 

752 Jack a negro of Capt. J(Jinson\s 

753 IMary Daugliter of Thomas 

I\Iardin s 

754 John son of Matthias Weeks 

755 Ester Daughter Jonathan Weeks 
75 G Eliz. Daugliter of Lydia Hicks 

757 Susanah Daughter of Sam 


758 Keziah Daughter of Jame3 


759 Hannah Daughter of John lang 

760 Eachel Daughter of Tucker 


761 Abigaile Daughter of Nathan 


762 John son of John Johnson 

763 Eachel Daughter of Jonathan 


764 Margaret Piper daughter of 

Jona'^ Piper 

765 John son of John Piper 

766 Joseph son of Edwtu'd Dearbon 


767 John son of James W^hitten 

763 Abigail Dr. of Mr. William 
Wallis in private 

769 Catharine Dr. of Eob* Tuftm 


770 John son of James Nud 

771 Martha Daughter of WidoTV 


772 Mary Daughter of Widow Ab- 


773 John son of John Dockum in 


774 George son of .John Bracket 

775 Tho' "son Will iaai Blazo 

776 Sarah Daughter of Tucker Gate 

777 George son of Docter ^larch 
773 Jame.=; son of Jeames Wood 

779 Jeremiah son of William Davis 

780 Joseph son of .Joseph Grant 

781 Temperance Daughter of Icha- 

bod Witt en 

782 Euth Daug' of Samuel Kene- 


> See p. 2i8-9, 1S47, Hist, akd Gen. Kegistes. 

34 Greenland i JSf. H. — Early Ministerial Uecords. [Jan. 

783 Sarah Daugliter of Natlianael 

781 Joseph son of Josiah foss 

785 John son of IZich'-^ Sambon 
7SG Thomas son of Sam Haines 

787 Joslma son of Ebone^er Johnson 

788 Olive Daughter of Matthias 


789 Jonathan son of Joshua Mack- 


790 Jamos son of Sam" Watson 

791 Ichabod son of Ens. John John- 


792 Cole son of John Weeks 

793 Ilanah Dr. of Jonathan Weeks 

794 Zilpah Dr. of Cufle and Rachel 

795 Ehoda Daugh^ of Jonathan 


796 Margaret Dr. of John Johnson 


797 Thomas son of Sam" Tricr^js 

798 Ichabod son of Waker Weeks 

799 Margaret Daughter of James 


801 Ebenezer son of Enoch Clarko 

802 John Sherbon son of Matthias 


803 John Person son of Richard 

Sambo rn 

804 Joshua Winget son of John 

Weeks Doc''. 

805 Joseph son of Jedediah Weeks 
80G Judith Daughter of Philip Bab 

807 Mary Daughter of John Bracket 

808 Jonathan Neal son of Joseph 


809 hanah Daughter of Elias Phil- 

brook Jun''. 

810 Thomas son of James Xud 

811 Walter son of Rob' Tufton 


812 Eliauor Daughter of Nathan 


813 Joshua son of Deacon Neale 

814 Sam^ son of Samuel Weeks 

815 Deborah Daughter of Sam 



816 Abigail Daughter of Docter 


817 Jouaihun sou of Jonathan Barker 
















Mary Daughter of Caleb Phil- 
Josiah son of Josiah fo's 
Stephen son of Henry Clarke 
Jonathan son of Jon^ithan 

IMatthliis son of Matthias Weeks 
"William son of John Clarke 
Haiuiah Daughter of l'".ben' 

Josc[)h son of James Bracket 
William Saniborne ^ son^and 
Abiather Samborne- I Daughters 
Elizabeth Samborne [ Ai.i.uher 
Sarah Sand)orne J Sawbome 
Margaret Daughter of Eliezer 

Abifrail Dauijhter of Edv/ard 

Abigail Daughter of Matthias 

Mary Daughter of John Watson 
ThaukfuU Daughter of Jede- 
diah Weeks 
James son of Jeames Johnson 
Jonathan son of Richard Sam- 

Elizabeth Daughter of John 

Comfort Dr. of Doc. Weeks 
Comfort Dr. of Walter Weeks 
Abigail Dr. of Doc. IMarch 
Elinor Dr. of Caleb Philbrook 
Molle Dr. of Joseph Berry 
Susannah Dr. of John .Jolmsoa 
lydya Dr. of Nathanael ^Mastin 
Abnah son of Xatlianacl M.vitin 
Dorothy Dr. of Abiather Sam- 
George son of Robert Tufron 

Sarah Daufrhter of Samuel 

Hannah Dr. of Enoch Clarke 
Rhoda Dr. of Jonathan Barker 
Thomas son of John lang 
Susannah Dr. of Daniel Alien 
Joseph son of Samuel Wailice 
Sarah Daughter of Joshua 

Hasar a negro owned y* coven* 

1875.] Greenlandy N. H. — Early Ministerial Itecords. 35 

856 Natlianael son of Josiuh foss 

857 Por^ ii negro of Dr. IMarcli 

858 Samuel a sou of '\\'inia]n Davis 
850 Salle Dr. of Jolm Dam by Mr. 

860 John son of John Allen Jim' 

801 Jo>lnia son of llenery Clark 

862 IlanaliDaughterof John "Watson 

863 Isaac son of Nathanacl Grov7 
804 Jiulith Bracket Daughter of 

James Bracket 
865 Betty Daughter of John Brazeel 

806 Sarah Daughter of Deborah 


807 Elisha Briant owned y° Cove- 

nant &c. 
868 Sarah Daughter of Daniel Allen 
809 Hannah longmaid owned y^ 

covenant d-c 

870 'Ma.iy Dr. of Nathan Mastin 

871 "W'nlJen son of Sam" Kenestone 

872 Olive Dr. of Thomas Ayers 

873 Benjamin son of John Weeks 

874 Abigaile King owned covenant 

and was bap. sick 

875 Mary Daughter of James Jones 

876 Nathauael son of Ebenezer 


877 Sam" King owned the covenant 


878 Elinor Daughter of Matthias 


879 Olive^ Dau' of Joseph Meloon : 

both oion'd covnt. 
8S0 William son of William "Wallice 
881 Jonathan son of Joseph Grant 
832 Josiah son of Matthias Haines 

883 George son of Deliverance Ken- 
83 I haunoli iUlen ) Chil°ofJohn 
S8.> Kuhen Allen j Allen 

880 Sarah Daughter of Jonathan 

SST Jlehitabel Daughter of Samuel 

888 James a Servant of jMr. Jona- 

than Weeks 

889 Abigail Daughter of James Nud 


890 Elias Philbrook sou of Jonathan 


891 Josiah son of Jcdediah Weeks 

892 Timothy son of lewis haines 

893 John son of Enoch Clarke 

894 Anne Daughter of Dr. March 

895 Mary Daughter of James John- 


896 Phebe Dr. of Nathan Johnson 


897 Anne Benson on ovr accovnt 

898 William son of Walter AV'eoks 

899 Abigail Dr. of Bob' TaftinPhil- 



owned cov' 



William Eadmans 

901 Nathan son of Nathanael Maston 

902 Jeremiah homes Daughter viz. 


903 Martha Dr. of Doc. .John Weeks 

904 Mary Dr. of Calep Philbrook 

905 Daniel son of John Bracket 

906 Samuel son of Joshua Maccrcase 

907 Mary Briant wife of Abraham 

owned cov' 
John son of Jofiah foss 
Thomas son of Thomas Ayers 
Simon son of Eadv/ard Dearbon 
Ebenezer son of James Bracket 
912 Mary Dr. of Joseph Meloon Jun' 
Unice Dr. of .John Dam 
Abraham son of Samuel Wallice 
Elizabeth Daughter of Thomas 

Tufts, feb. 12 

916 Sarah Dr. of Benjamin ^Phil- 


917 Esther Dr. of lewis haines 

918 Nathanael son of Henry Clarke 

919 James son of James Jones 

920 hanah Elit owned covenant &c. 

921 Will™ Jenkins & wife coven' Ste- 

ven son of W'" .Jenldns bap^ 

922 Daniel son of Ebenezer Johnson 

923 Elinor Daughter of John Weeks 

924 Mary Daughter of Matthias 


925 Abigaile Dr. of Caleb Philbrook 

926 George son of James holmes 

927 Matthais son of Matthias Haines 


928 Jcames son of Joseph Berrev 

929 Jeremiah son of Eliezer Cate 
980 Nathanael son of Joseph Grant 
931 David son of Jonathan Weeks 

\ 704036 


Greenland, N. U, — Early Ministerial Becords, [Jan. 


932 IMehitable Dr. of Jcamos locke 

933 Daiiit'l sou of Ishwy Durciiu 

934 Samuel son of ^Villialu liai;yliis 

935 E;jniiic:^ pon of Capt. Joliu Brack- 

et ]\[ar. 31 
93G L)uuiel son of Enoch Clark, 
Mar. 31 

937 Jonathan son of James Nudtl, 

Apr. 7. 

938 Josiah son of Dau' Allen, Apr. 7 

939 IJanah Dr. of A'ath^ Mastiu, Ap. 


940 Ehnor Dr. of Rob* Tufton Thil- 


941 Bracket sou of Jaraes Johnson 

942 Martha Dr. of AYalter Weeks 

943 :Mar\ Dr. of Nathanael Ih-acket 

944 xsathauael sou of Jedediah 

"Weeks, June 2 

945 Sarah one nice of Joslah Clark 
94G Jeane a nice of Jo>iah Clark 

947 i:iizabeth Dr. of Doc^ IMarch 

948 Robert son of John Brazeel 

949 Mary Daughter of Samuel 


950 Sarah Daughter of "William 


951 Daughter of Benjamin 

[The.^e 3 by Mr. Gookin.] 

952 Kathan son of Nathan Johnson 

953 Sarah Daughter of Wra. Jenkins 

954 Phineas son of loonard "SVeeks 

955 Ann Daughter of Joseph Meloou 

956 Joseph son of Samuel Whid- 


957 Jonathan son of Bracket John- 


958 Sarah Daughter of Eben. Jolm- 


959 Martha Dr. of James Bracket 

9 GO levy sou of John Dam 

961 IMai-y Dr. of Benjamin Philbrook 

962 Nathanael son of Samuel Wallice 

963 Samuel son of Paul Chapman 

964 Samuel son of hen. Clark 

965 Elizabeth Dr. of James Jones 

966 George son of John lang 

967 Patte Daughter of .James Homes 
963 Eetir Daagliter of Lliezur Cato 
969 Samuel sou of Matthias "Weeks 

970 Mehitabel Daughter of "William 

071 Sarah haiues Dr. of Sam"hai'ies 

972 INIary Dr. of "William Jankins 


973 John son of John Whidden, 

Jan. 18 

974 John son of Leonard "Weeks 

May 10 

975 Levy son of John Dam 

976 Nathan son of Jonathan Barker 

977 Elisha son of ye "Widow Thomas, 

IMay 24 

978 Phebe Daughter of Lewis 

Haines, May 31 

979 Thomas son of Doc' March, 

June 2 
9.^0 Simon son of John Brazeel 
9S1 Nathanael son of Kathanael 


982 Sam" son of Abner haines, Aug. 


983 "\7illiam son of "William huggius, 

Sep. G 

984 Nance a negro child of Capt. 

Jo. Langdon 

985 Margaret "Dr. of Mat' haines, 

Sept. 27 

986 ]Martha Dr. of James Homes, 

Oct. 4 

987 ]Martha Dr. of James Nudd, 

Oct. 18 

988 Benjamin son of Benj° Tomp- 

son, Oct. 18 

989 a Dr. of Jeames Johnson, 
Nov. 3 

9D0 Job son of Paul Chapman,Nov. 8 

991 Hauah Dr. of Ebenozer John- 

son, Nov. 15 

992 James son of Eleazer Gate, Jan. 


993 Mary Daughter of James Brack- 


994 Samuel son of Sam. "Whitten, 

Jan. 31 

995 Susanah Dr. of Josiah foss Mar. 


996 Eliphalet son of Benjamin Phil- 

brook, Ap. 8 
907 Ann Daughter of Sam" haines 
Jun', Apr. 23 

1875.] Greenland, i\r. //. — Earhj Ministerial Records. 37 

998 Elizabeth Dr. of Joseph Meloon 1024 Deborah Dr. of Jainea 

April 24 et, Dec. 17 

909 Stephen sou of Will'" Jenkins I75O 

iAAr> '■,,■'; ''-^ '' c T T^v.^o 1025 MuLlhiiis son of S:im" hains, 

1000 ihomas son of James Jones , _ 

1 -.Ai A 1 •'''^•l'^■l^ n 1 -n' 1 Mar. 18, Josliua son of Donja- 

1001 AbiiraileDr.of Jonathans eeks • -n at ia 

, = mm lomson, Mar. L^ 

-ic^,^^ ^ J T^ P T 1 Af 1 • 1027 John son of Sam" Whitteu, 

1002 Lydia Dr. ot Joshua Alackris a 1 c 

lAAo /p." , Tir r» f 1028 Comfort Dr. of Bracket John- 

1003 Jo. hams cov' Merce Dr. 01 at m 

7 u u • n * o son, May ID 

Joseph hams, Uct. J iaoa t-\ rr-i^ t q 

iAA< -NT ,. ^ , ,-. AT- <.,^• 1020 Josiahsonof.Tosiahfo?s.June J 

1004 rsatnanaei son ot Matthias ,^.0^ -r* v i i^ e x.-^•.. ^„ f >■ 

, . n, L n 1030 Deborah Dr. ot li-liozer Late 
hams, Uct. 2 , _ 

100c ]\Iary Dr. of Jonathan Barker, ,^oi t T^ r n i^ ir 

,-. y OA 1031 Jean Dr. of George \>a!lice, 
Oct, M T f> -^ t 

1006 Bettv Dr. of Nathanael Brack- ia^o Ar ilV-" p ak t • 

, •;-, ,-, 10u2 Matthias son of Abner haius, 
et, Dt;c. 9 . - 

1007 ThankuiU Dr. of Walter Weeks .r^-- t r"^ i t i 

^. .,_ lOoo LvUia gooe owned cov' and 

■M\ry-^ 71- 1 1 c y^ i baptiz. Aucj. 2 b 

lOOa iacaard soa ot Abner hanes, iaoi c- r t ' 

^^ ^ .-)7 ' 1034 Simeon son ot Josepn gone, 

XN OV. Z i A O P 

1009 ,lo.shua son of Wm. Weeks, ^r '?' f t v ■\t'\-, - 

rx 1 , ' 103o Mark son of John vv lutten, 

-Dec. li c OA 

^-^g Sep. 30 

lAiAC- i-r»-r>^ ■\T 1-A1 1036 Edward son of Edward Derbon 

1010 Ibarah Dr. Docter March, Apl. ,,->■■«- o u t^ w e ^ 

,p ' ^ lOo/ barah Daughter ot Josepu 

,.vii T 1, r T3 • • I Meloon Oct. 23 

lull John son 01 ijeniamm homes, ■,a-->o -r> i <• t'^ .9 \, -,„ 

» ,^ -^ ' IO08 Dependence son 01 Ino'Avtrs 

Ap- 16 ^'[^^ 11 

1012 Mehitable Dr. of Wm. Blazo, moA m ' ^ ^ PTr-ir ^ tt-^^i-^ 

. OA 10o9 Clementsouof \v liuam W eeks, 

^P- ^^ Dec 30 

1013 Mollev Dr. of Ben-^- Williams, ^^' 

Ma/21 [1751] 

1014 Paul son of Paul Chapman, 1040 Mary Daughter of NathUlug-*, 

May 28 Ja 1. 

1015 Margaret Dr. o leonard Weeks, 1041 Lemuel son of Nathan Jolm- 

]May 28 son, Jan. 25 

1016 Pobert Tufton son o rob. Tufton 1042 Joseph son of Benj^ Williams, 

Philbrook, .July 9 Mar. 31 

1017 William son of John Lang, 1043 Jonathan son of Jonathan 

Aug. 13 Weeks, Ap' 7 

1018 Martha Dr. of Samuel Wil- 1044 Wilh lane owned cov' for bap- 

liams, Aug. 13 tism of son whose name is 

1019 James son of Thomas Sherborn, Daniel, Ap. 28 

Oct. 15 1045 Clem' son of Doc' March.June 2 

1020 Sam" son of Daniel Davis, 1046 Joanah Dr. of Matthias Weeks, 

Octo. 15 July 14 

1021 Eliz.Dr.ofWilPBerrey,Nov. 1047 jNIary Dr. of Ens. Matthias 

12 Hains, July 14 

1022 Elijah son of Nat. Marston, 1048 Job Savage owned y* coven' & 

Dec. 10 child Mehit. bap. Aug. 25 

1023 Th.vjder son of John Dam, 1049 Stephen son of Thos. Ayers, 

Dec. 10 Sep. 1 



Greenland, JSI'. II. — Earhj j\rinisterial Hecords. [Jan. 

1050 James sou of Janios Bracket, 

iS'ov. 3 

1051 Lemuel son of Nathaniel Mas- 

tin, Nrjv. 10 

1052 Maiy Dr. of Tulcou Tliirorook, 


1053 William "WalHs or/ned cove- 

nant & cliild baptized John, 
Dec. 8 

1054 Ruth? Dr. of John flood, Dec. 


The foregoing completes the list of Baptisms as now found in the original. 
A part of the roll containing names to No. 1O02 is mi-sing, -u-orn away 
probably by rollii'g and unrolling during the 120 years since" it was com.- 
pleted. ^ 

1055 Josh haines &: wife owned cove- 
nant son JiTnes baptized, De<% 

105G Sarah Dr. of Sam' Whitteu 

1057 Joshua sou of Joshua 

1058 Abner hains sou of 

1059 Enoch son 
10 GO INInllv Dr. 
lOGl Will''', sou of 


This Roll has apparently bceu through the ftrc. About thirty years of 
the tirst part of his ministry is missing, — and what remains is blackened and 
mucli defaced, and ia places hard to d'ecipher. Every word is given so far 
as can be read. 

depart this life 1735 



ow Huggins 

Widow Huggins 

er of "Widow Huggins 

ild of Judith Berry 

child of Naihanael Hoggins- 

Sept 12 Donovan 

Sept 15 Sarali a child of Nathanael 

Sept 19 Sarah Douevau 
Sept. 21 a son of Samuel Davis 
Sept 2-4 Marcy Daugh' Sam Davis 
Sept a son oi Sainuel Davis 
Oct' 3 Michael Hicks 
Nov. 3. kings wife 

17 a child of Jedediiih ? Weeks. 

19 IMrs. Eleanor Weeks 
3 Ichabod \\'eek3 

her of Eebeckah Davis 
10 Joshua Weeks — 
a child of 3Iichael W 
Hannah Daughter of James 

a son of Walter Weeks 

alter of AValter Weeks 
John Pearson 

a child of N.ith;uir-e! Hug- Se])t. 5 


a child of Mr. Moses 
a Daughter of Joseph 
a Daughter of Nathanael 

Mr. Joshua Hains 
Mr. jMordogh 
4 a child of John Dockam 
22 old Mr. John Phil brook 

1738 [bon 

Mar. 30 a child of jMr. Ivirhard Sam- 
Apr. 6. old Mrs. Jean Vittom 
Apr. 6. at night Ivachel Jarfey or 

J arte y 
Apr. 11. a child of Natlian ]Mastiu 
Apr. 11. at night Mrs. Chapman 

Mav 3 ^Yv. Roch 

feb -3. Charls Allen 
iNIar. a negro of Dr. !Marcli 
Apr. 21. a child of Mr. John Blake 
May a child of Benjamin Kenis- 

MaylO. Elisha a sou of James Cate 
June Rachel Sampson — throat dis- 
a Ser. girl at Matthias hains, 

tliroat dis' 
5. Sam' iiaiiis son o Matthias 
throat dis' 


1875.] Greenland, N. H.— Early Ministerial JRecords. 


Sept. 29 throat &c 

Oct. 15 John Neals throat 
Oct. 25 old widow BrJaut 

Mar. a boj at ^Matthias Ilains Juri'" 

Mar. 23. a chiM of Caleb Philbrooks 

Ap. 17. asouof Joseph Grant throat 
June 2 G. a daughter of Abiatha Sam- 

July 13 a son of Josuih foss 

ild of James Nudd 
feb. 13. the vidow Sarah Weeks 
Apr. 21 — Sarauel Chapman 
May 31. Abi^-ail King 
July 2G. Love Norton drowned 
IS'ov. 3. Ebenezer Cate Deacon Cats 

son [temper 

Nov. fi. Simon Br'-^nt throat dis- 

a child of Benjamin Kenls- 

tone throat distemper 
G. James Cate's daughter Abi- 
gail throat distemper 
Nov. 16. John Allen's Daughter 

hanah throat distemper 
next a boy lived with Nath^ 

huggin? throat 
Jan. 12. a son of .Toslah foss throat 

Jan. 22 &, 2S. Two children of Josiah 

foss throat dis'. 
Jan 22 Arnel brick 
May 31 old Mrs. Mas tin 
July 4 Abigail Dr. of John Weeks 

tiiroat dis'' 
14. Joshua son of -John Weeks 

throat dis''. 
daughter of .John Weeks 
July 23. a child of Joseph Grant 
Aug. 14 MartliaDr.of James Whitten 
Oct- 5. a clilld of Caleb Phiibrook 

throat dis^ 
Oct or Nov. Granny Woolford 
Ditto a child of John Allen. 
Nov 2 chil°. Eben^ Johnson throat 

Feb. 11. a child of Jonathan Weeks 
June 11. Cajit Whitceu's wife sud- 

5 Old IMr. Henderson 

jSrar 1 
April 9. 




Nov 28 old INIr. huggins 
Abraham Briant's wife 
also of ye Clerk Deacon 
July 10 Mr. Nathan .Johnson de- 
ceased y's life 
Bhizo's Daughter 
Old Mr,^. Norton 
a child of Dan. Davis 
Nov. or Dec"^ Old Mrs. Urin 
Mr. Thomas Tufts? a chiM of 
Daniel Allen SonH"'"' -^-"^ 
Jonathan Ba'-ker's Wife 
Samuel King{ 'e^"/''"''"^"' 
Capt. Samuel Weeks about 

9 morning 
Mrs. Clark wife of Enc'^ 

at night Eadward Dear- 
3 Ann Neale, at eleven in ye 

21a negro child of Mrs. Mc.rch 
a negro child of Mrs. Mack- 

Jan, 3 
Jan. 22 
Jan. 22 









Tom Indian at ISIr. Parker's 

Old Mr. Gosg 
Sam Ken May 8 
Widow Tucker July latter end 
Mark Whiden Aug. 12 
Aug. 22— a chUd of Eph. Phil- 
Octo. a child of Dan. Davis 

No. 4. .Joseph Berry's wife 
Nov. 5 or G. a son of Will. Janlcins 
Nov. 23 Ellas Phiibrook Sudden 

Dec. 7. Mr. John Johnson Sen^ 

Jan. 26. Elizabeth Groo 
Feb. 29 a child of l!^liz. Urin sup- 
May 8 John Brazeel 
June 27 Jonathan Weeks Sen'. 
Sep. 6 at midnight Deacon John- 
Sep'. 12 lewis hains wife at 9 or 10 

a clock 
Nov. a negi'o child of 3Ir. Clai'k 

40 Greenland, IT, H.—Earhj Ministerial Records. [Jim. 

Nov. 10 a child of Mr Jankius ) 
Nov. 15 Benjamin Gate and MYcek 

Sarali Ncale ) 

Dec. G. a child of John Allen Black- 
Deacon Gate Jan. 4 — at night. 
Apr. a ch ild of Willi:i,ni ( a nef^ro 

Jankins ( Doc'. March 

Apr. 11. a child of Benjamin Thomp- 
Apr. 24. hanah Clark Enoch's 

June 9. Old Mr.^IIen. Clark 
June IS. Bracket Johnson's only 

June 19 old Mr. Bracket 
July 30. a child of John hains 
Aug. a Son of Ebenezer Jolmson 
Aug. 27 Mark Jewel's wife 
Oct. 12. a chHd of John liollins 
Oct. 13. I\rr^, Nudd 
Dec. 23 "William huggins wife 

feb. 20. Mr. Clark's negro 
Mar. 30. a child of Leon"^. "Weeks 
Mar. Stephen Rollins. Mar. 30 
Sep. 7. Mr, Sam hains 
Sep. 8. Joseph Goo's wife 

a child leonard Weeks 
Mrs. Buckuel Decern. 29 

Mrs. Jankins Jan. 19 
Mar. 28. Gapt. Johnson 79 
Apr. 5 Mr. John foss aged 95 
May 8. I\Irs. Goss '.^g(t^^ 84 
May 24. jMary Weeks Dr. of leigh 

Weeks 1 yr 
Sep. 13 "Widow Moody 
Octo. 1. Joshua Weeks 
Nov. 20 Hanah haines 

Jan. 19 old IVIrs. huggins 85 
Mar. 11 Jlr. Jonatha'n Dockum 
Apr. 2. "Widow Susan\ Johnson 
Apr. 24. a child of Matthias hains 
May 24 John Simpson 
June 10. Old ^Ir Maston 
May a cLild Will, husins 
July 12 Tho'. Bracket 
Sep. 17 a boy of Paid Chapman 
8 year 

Sep. 22 a boy of Paul Chapman 

Octo. 25. a Daugliter of James John- 
son 17 yr 
Nov. 5 a child of Jonathan Weeks 

• 2 yr. 
Nov. 4. a negro Nathan Bracket 
Nov. a child Nathancl Bracket 

8 months 
Nov. 19. a child .John hufj'nns 
JNov. 2<. a child of francis Berrey 

Dec. a child of John "Whitten 

Mar. Mr. John Piollins wife feb. 2G 
Apr. 16. a child of James Jones a^e G. 
Apr. 27 or 28 Mrs. Meloon 
May 27 Mrs. James Nudd 
July 31 a child Joseph Meloon 7 y". 
a child of JMrs. Meloon 12 
henery IMeloou's wife 
David Simpson's child 10 

days old 
a child of John hill 3 years 
Octo. 13 Abigail Chapman 
Octo. 18 Paul Chapman 
a child of "Wm. foss 
eb. 23 Widow Kenneston Jun' 
22 Mrs. IMacres 
1755 ^^1x9: Hannah hains 
1755 Tim^. Johnson 
old Mrs. Bryar 
a twin child of Sam hains 
Mrs. hdl 

twin child of Sam hains 
Joseph Grant 

Allen's wife 
Id Cap. "Weeks wife 
John Fall's wife 

8 wife 
Samuel Neale 
ah hill 

athan Barker 


old Mrs. hugins 
Eob' Grant 

1875.] Greenland, JSf. H.— Early Ministerial Eccords. 41 

Upon the back of the Roll of Dcatlis of persons in Greeuland, kept by the 
Rev. "William Allen, is found the following list of names, with the sums in 
pomals, shilliucrs and pence a2;ainst them respectively. As the roll has beeu 
through lire and water, several names cannot be deciphered. There is no 
date to show precisely when these names were written down, but probably 
this is a list of persons who paid the sums against their names for the sup- 
port of the minister between 1742 and 1745. 
James Berry 0.10.0. 0.10.0. John Johnson 0.10.0. 
Sarah Jolins^^n 1.0. Deakon Neale 0.10.0. O.3.G. 0.5.10. 

Widow folsham 0.5.0. 0.4.6. James Whittou 0.10.0. 0.10.6. 

WalttT Week? 0.9.6. 0.8.0. 0.2.0. 0.5. G. A. 1.5.0. 0.15.0. 1.5. 

Eaa\^a^l Dearbon 0.5.0. 0.5.0. Joshua Bracket 1.10.0. 0.15.0. 1.0.0. 

Elinor Weeks 0.5.0. Mary Waltun 0.2.0. 

John IMazo 0.5.0. 0.10.6. Sarnie Nealo 0.3.0. 0.1.9. 0.5.0. 

Jorat! an Weeks 0.4.0. 0.3.0. Sarah Keuesrone 0.1.6. 

Elias Phil brook 0.15.0. Eleazer Cate 0.1.0. 

Joshua AVeeks 0.2.6. Kuth Estubrook 0.2.0. 

John Weeks 1.0.0. 0.10.0. Phebe Chapman 0.3 0. 

John Cate Jeane Dockum O.l.O. • 

Capt Josh. Weeks 1.0.0. 0.15.0. 1.1.6. John Estabrook 0.0.9. 
1.5.4. Sarah Johnson 0.2.0. 

Jauies tb-s 0.3.6. 0.2.6. Deliverance f^lshani 0.1.0. 

RioliarJ Carter 0.3.0. 0.2.0. AVilliam Wallice 0.2.3. 

Jtlary March 0.5.0. Deakon Ilains 0.10.0. 0.10.0. 

Y\>eks 1.0.0. 0.18.4 

Uriu 0.10.0. 0.5.';. 

AxciENT Forms usiid dj the Conveyance of Propekty. — Zebulon Hill sen^ his 
te-stimonie Recorded by y« : desire of M^ flrancis Croad the 2"-'' day of June, 1691. 

The tpstimonie of Zebalon Hill a^ed abt. 64 years, this depcment testiiiech k 
saith that he beini; att y^ house of Richard Croad"uponthe day & tyine wheu Thomas 
Robhins signed & sealed to a deed of guift, fjr some estate of his Wcii he liad .^iven 
to Hauah y« daughter of Richard Croad, And this deponent as a witness sett his 
hanrl to y^ said deed. And Thomas Robins did att y- same tyme, goe tjrth of y'^ house 
of P.ioluH-d Croad with him the said Croad and this deponent, into the Lott of iho 
said Robbias, so far as to a small white oak tree, the w*^'*^ by the said Robb;ns v^ 
Croad was there by a knife markt. And Thomas Robbins th':.u said hitherto havoi 
given unto Hanah Croad, And so then deliveres accordini^ to tbrme of Law, us^ in 

Sart f;r the whole, the said land unto Richard Croad for the use Oc h.ehoofc of Ids 
au -'hter Hanah afore"'^ to be hers att y^ decease of the said Robbins : And al-'.' the 
saiu Robbins did saye as concemeing yc estate he had given to Hanah Croad, i\\\; I 
have given her, and what I have given I have given, and accurs/^d bee him tliat shall 
ever goe about to alter itt, the said Robbins was att y' time well composed nnd not 

— .jy turte & twig m part 

had given her to her father Rtchard Croad ; for y*^ use 5c behoofe of the said liailah. 
Sworne before mee J"°. Hathorn, Assist : 
Salem, February 7'-^, 16S4-5. H. F. Waters. 

■ Howard.— (Suffolk Co. Court Files, 1691.) Mary Howard, dan. of .Jeremiah How- 
ard, dec'd, son of Robert Howard, late of Boston, N. E., Nutan,- Public, dee'd., 
chooses her father-in-law, AP. Peter Welcome, of Rost:. mariner, as guardian. 
Mary. dau. of John Howard, dec'd, son of Robt (as above), chouses her honored 
grand-father, iP. Ezokiel Choever, school-master of Boston, as her guardian. Sam- 
uel Minott, son of Sam' i^linott, late of R. I., dec'd, & wife Hannah, one of the 
daughters of said Robt., makes choice of his master, I\P. Edward Creeke, of Bo--ton, 
as his guardian. Samuel Smith, son of Thomas Smith, di-tilltr, and gr-son of sd 
Robt. Howard, chooses his lather as his guardian. The above named minors wece 
all inre.r<-;.-5Led in the estates of Robert Howard and his son Jonathan, dec'd. 

H. F. Waters. 

VOL. XXIX. 4* 



of Sir 
m. 2 
no lu. 

■Wiliip.ra Cor???, of 
Aldf-rtou Xonlnint?; 

m. Cicily : lie d. 

IJSO. Thty h.".'': cue 

ti'.ui. \v',!o ni. Sir 
ThoEDas ilazilricj'c. 

Sir Thoinaa Gorec-3, b. 
163'-i ; Kt. liirti ; 
Groom of lifd- 
chamher to Queen 
— Ueleuii bhackcii- 
burp, a SwLclti 
(wi(J. of AV'm. 
Furr, Jiarcj. of 
iie d. 1010; she d. 
16:!.>, at. oO. liotri 
tuiiied under a 
fin'' tomb in 
Salisbury Cat It. 

;cs, of 
■■.y Gl. 
■; ni 1 
Jaa. of 
Foole ; 
f Sir 
. W>7, 
^' three 


Sir Kobert 

Cor-es, b. 

l;-.<i; m. 

Mary. dau. 

of ^\ il'iiani 


Ho d. l-MS. 

Scver'l child. 

[s^ee lit.ciis- 

TF-K, xxvi. 


m. 1 .Sir llui^b 

Smyth, Kt. ; 

ni. 2 Sir Ftr- 



Frances, m. 
Sir Ihomas 

ni. Sir 
Pbili],.: of 









ni. 1 Sir 



m. ■-' Sir 

F. Prid- 

geau; m. 

3 Sir John 


She d. 


m. Sir 


m. I-'.ev, 

d. 1608. 

Ferdinando Gorge3, 
a Barbartoe^ mer- 
cliant; m, Jlelrira 
Hilliard, of Kye, 
Herefords... Ke d. 
1701. This branch 
is extinct cxcrpt ia 
the female line. 

Ilf jcuii, 
El, .John 

d. lOGO. 
Maid of 
Honor to 
Quetn of 
She d. at 
the lia^^io. 

Honry, di.-i l,;ri, 

aictd 17. in hij 
fatiier'i life-tim.^. 






Alexander. Elizabeth. 



Sin EDTVARD GOUGES, died Feb. 150l!-7=Har7, dan. of Sir Antbcny Poji-.U. 

wid. cfbir lluuh 
r!li. Sbo d. 1008. 
He d. 1«7. 

SirRobtTt SEtntlel William. Tlio 

2ta9, Elizabeth, Dorothy, Fra^icc"', .Tohn Gorges, 

Gorge.i, in. Cort'os, D. D 

; m. m. Franci! m. Will. m. 1 .1.ibn b. 15'J.l; nj.l 

1610, Marv, m. Jaae Frances Curey. ; lO'Jii, Lndy F. 

Gov. cif 

1 (w. Hcd. lerj. ni. aSir Clinton ; ,T 2 


11. Daren ; rritl.or otU: 

no- E.ltiard llarr. daa. 


m. 2 Doro- G. Allen. venden)! Soutlicut. ofslri'. 

tby Heller, He d. Arclfl. of ■ Meade; he 

wld. ofSir !Ori. -(Vine 

C. ■Vcighao; - Trel 

•v of f.dward d. 1007. 

died ». p. Wes 


mia- Tynte;he 1 
lied. d. ir.jfi, 


t. p. she WOO. 1 

Edward Gorpea, Samuel Go'-^es, 

Ferdinando Gorzep, . Jane, Cicely, 

b. 11531 ; m. li<i.-|, tj. l«j : .Todfe in 
Grace, da. of Will. Ireland, buried at 

of HilliiiKiion, Middle- Aiai, m. lOo-. 

Winter. He died KilkeRney: m. 

Marv Arcliuale, 10*W. Chapman. 

170S. Dame JIurg't 

Ucd. I71Naged(ia. 

1 HoitingH, fl. p. 

Ferdlnadito GorpcB, 

Samnel Gor^og, 

b. lCC:i;m. 1705. Cath- 

b. irar; d. lojj: m. 


EUzabeth Gorges, helresi of WrnTall ; 

b. 1066 — 170'J, Col. .lohn Codlinftac 

I U, P. for Batb, 1710. 

Jane Codrington, belregg : 

44 The Gorges Family. [Jan. 


Ly tli« Ktiv. l-'iiEDERiCK Browx, of Bcckcnliam, Kent, Eug, 

[There has lon^; been a desire among Listorical students to obiaiu fuller, 
more authentic and precise details of the {lersonal history of Sir Ferc'.inan- 
do Gorges, the founder of the state of Maine, and his numerous and dis- 
tinguished relatives, some of whom are connected with American as well 
as English history. "We have now the pleasure of laying before the readers 
of the Register, a communication from the Ilev. Mr. Brown, of Feni 
Bank, Beckenham, Kent, formerly of Nailsea near Bristol, England, who, 
for more than twenty years, has been collecting materials relative to the 
Gorge-; family, and lo Avhom several of our American writers have been 
indebted for important facts. He has already sufficient material — a great 
part gathered from wills, registers, and other unprinted sources — to prepare 
a good sized volume on the subject ; and we hope he will be prevailed upr^n 
to do so. The present contribution is of course a very small part of his 
collections. It is a small part even of those relating to Sir Ferdinando 
Gorges and his descendants ; for he has not attempted to give all the 
multifarinn«; informatioa derived from English and American printed bocks. 

The tabular pedigree on the preceding pages and the following illustracivo 
notes will show us the precise relationslup of some of the actors in the 
colonization of New-England, concerning whom there has been some ob- 

For other pedigrees and notices of the Gorges family, see the Register, 
XV. 17-20 (where earlier generations will be found); iviii. 2S7 ; xx-\i. 
331-2 ; xxviii. 404-9. J. w. DE.of,] 

Sir Ferdinaxdo* Gorges was the younger son of Edward Gorges, E -q., 
of Wraxall, Somerset, whose will, dated Aug. 10, lu68, was proved Sept. 17, 
1568. The elder son was Sir Edward Gorges, kt., of "Wraxall, who mar- 
ried Dorothy, daughter of Sir George Speke, kt., and died at Wraj;all, 
where he was buried Dec. 16, 1624. It is not certain that Sir Ferdinando 
Gorges was born at "Wraxall ; and the probability is that he was not, as the 
"Wraxall Registers, which have been carefully kept, contain no record of hi:; 
baptism. Moreover, his father, Edward Gorges, Esq.. died at Clerkenweli, 
Aug. 20, 1.568. His funeral certificate is in the College of Arms (i. 5, 
161). The mother of Sir Ferdinando was Cicely, daughter of William 
Lygon, of Madrestield, Worcestershire, an ancestor of the present Eari of 
Beauchamp. She married, secondly, John Vivian, Esq. 

Edward Gorges, in his will, bequeathed to his son Ferdinando, '• a chayr^e 
of gold waying 23 oz.," 100£, and '' his manor of Birdcombe, Wraxall, 
to have and to hold to him and his assigns for and during the term of xxiv 
years, if he so long shall live." As the elder brother of Sir Ferdinando, 
Edward Gorges, was baptized at Wraxall, Sept. 5, lo64, and their father 
died in 1568, the date of his birth may be between 1565 and 1567. His 
father speaks of " my little children." 

It is generally thought that Sir Ferdinando Gorges was knighted in 1591,^ 

' In a " Journal of the Siejre of Rouen," by Sir Thomn<= Coninirs'oy, edited by John 
Gough Nichols, F.S.A., in the Camden Miscellanv, vol. i. (Cam<!en Society's Publicaiions, 
ToL xxxix.) D. 27, under date of Oct. 8, 1591, it ia recorded that " our lord gencrall made 

1875.] The Gorges Famihj. 45 

and this (l;ite was communicated to me by Colonel Chester ; but this docs 
not noree ^\it]l the fact that Sir IS'icholas Gori^'cs, his great uncle, whoso 
will is dated Oct. 28, l5CiO (proved 1^91), bequeaths "to my nephew, Sir 
Ferdinando Gorges, my greatest cuilt boll [i. c. bowl] with the cover." 

'J'here is an interesting incident connected Avitli Sir Fenhnaudo Gorges 
mentioned in the '• Arch;vologia " of the Society of Antiquaries (vol. oo, 
part ;.)' tiititled" iS'e'./ JMuttvials fur a Life of Sir \V'alter Kalcigh by J. 
I'ayne Collier," read before the society, June 22, 1853. 

i omit in my statement relative to Sir Ferdinando all the many referen- 
ces to irnn in his connection with the Earl of Essex's rebellion, his gover- 
norship of riymouth, the civil war and the colonization of America, which 
are contained "in the State Papers and other printed documents. See also 
C)ldmixon's " History of the Stuarts," vol. i. p. 76; Seycr's "History of 
Brisrol." vol. ii. pp. 309 and 404; Barrett's " History of Bristol," ]>. 414. 

Sir Ferdinando's first wife was Ana Bell, daughter of Edward Bell, of 
"Writtle, Essex. They were married at St. Margaret's, "Westminster, 
Feb. 24, l.JSO-OO. She was buried in St. Sepulchres, London, Aug. 6, 
1 020. T\"illiam Gorges, of St. Budeaus, Devon, son of Tristram Gorges, 
E>q., in hi:; will, June 20, 1C14, bequeaths " a mourning cloke to Sir Ferdi- 
nando Gorges," and " mourning weeds to my Lady Ann Gorges." 

Sir Ferdinando by Ann, his first wife, had four children, viz. : — 

i. John 
ii. Koi3f..".T. 

HoSiA, ] ^-i^odiedyoum 

He married, secondly, ISIary Fulford, daughter of Sir Thomas Fulford, 
and sister of Bridget Fulford, the wife of Arthur Champernown of Darting- 
ton, Devon. Mary Fulford was the widow of Thomas Aehim, of Hall, 
Cornwall, whose will was [jroved 1G19. She died 1G23. "Adm'^Aug. 1, 
lG2o, of Dame Mary Achim alias Gorges, late of Plymouth, Devon, de- 
ceased, granted to her brother Sir Francis F\ilford, kt., and John Berriman 
of kin to the deceased, Sir Ferdinando Gorges, kt., the husband of deceased 

It was Through this marriage that Francis Champernown, the son of Ar- 
thur and Bridget Champernown, is called the nephew of Sir Ferdinando 
Gorges. Sir Ferdinando had no cliildren by her. 

He married thirdlv, Elizabeth Gorges, one of the daughters of Tristram 
Gorges, son of Sir William Gorges, kt.^ of St. Budeaux, Devon, by Elizabeth 
d.uigjiter of Martyn Cole. He was her third husband. She married first, 
ia 1014. Aug. 1, Edward Courtney, son of Sir Peter Courtney, of Lan- 
drake, Cornwall. (Her sister, Douglas Gorges, married, in IGlo, William 
Courtney, brother of Edward.) They werelhe parents of Sir Peter Court- 
ney.' of Trethurtfe, kt. Elizabeth Courtney married secondly, 

Blithe, of whom I kiiow nothing. She died in 1G29. Administration, 
March 10, 1028-9, of Dame Elizabeth Gorges, alias Blithe, alias Court- 

24 kniirhts." The editor (p. 71) ns a note to this, prints from the Harleian MSS. 6CC3, art. 
26, a li^t of "Knights made J.y Roliort Erie of E.-sex before Roane, 1591." containing, 
however, only 22 names, of which " Sir Ferdinando Gorge " is the last. See Registeb, 
xxviii. 40o. J. w. D. 

■ State Paper?, 1629, Jnne 15, Sir Will. Conrtney to Secretary Dorchester. *' Sir Ferdi- 
nando Gorges keeps p^.-session of his (;. e. WiUlani Courtney'.-) nephew, Fetcr Couitney's 
estate, in spite of ais Mij. -sty's ploasiae that Sir Williiun should have tlie care both of iiis 
periou in estate." Sir FlTdiu-uiJc; was the step-father of Peter Courtney. 

46 The Gorr/es Famibj. [Jan. 

ney deceased, wliile slie lived of Ladocke, Cornwall. Commission L-ranted 
to her husband, Sir Ferdinaudo Gorges. They liad no issue. 

Sir FtTilinando Gori^es married fourtldv, Kli/abeth (Gorges) Smyth, 
third daughfer of Sir Thomas Gorges, kt., by Helena Shackeliluir-h. the 
widow of AVilliam, jNFaniucss'of Northamf)tou. She was baptized at St. Dun- 
stau's in the >\V?t. Loiidon, June 4, 1578. She married' first, Sir Ilu^h 
Smyth, kt., of Ash) on Court, Somerset, who died iu 1G27, and had liy him : 
1. Thumas S/nj/f./i, the Royalist; 2. J/ari/ Stw/i/i, married Sir Tnomas 
Smith, of Cheshire ; 3. I/ekna Smyth, married Sir Francis Rogers, of Can- 
nington, Somerset. 

'' Sir Ferdinaudo Gorges, of Kintbury, Devon, kt.. and Madame Eliza- 
beth Smyth de Long Ashton, Sept. 2;J, 1C29." (Marriages at AVraxull, 

They lived at Lower Court, called sometimes " Ashton Phillipps," Long 
Ashton. proljabiy the dower liouse of his wife. She died about lG.3,s! 
Her will is dated Sept. 13, lGo7, and proved June 13, 1C.39. Thomas 
Smyth, in his will i\Lirch 27, 10:38, bequeaths -iOs. for a ring " to Sir Fer- 
dmando^Gorges my tather-in-law," i. e. his step-father. 

Sir Ferdiinndo Gorges died at Long Ashton. and was buried there. 
May 14, 1G47. The Registers of Long Ashton of that date are not extant. 
His will was in the Diocesan Registry of Wells, Somerset, but cannot now 
be found. 

JoiL\5 G URGES, eldest son of Sir Ferdinaudo Gorges by Ann Bell, was 
bom AprU 23, 1593. 

1620, July 31. John Gorges, eldest son of Sir Ferdinando Gorges, kt., 
and the Lady Frances Fynes, daughter of the Earl of Lincoln. (:,farriac;-e 
Registers of St. James, Clerken well.) John Gorges married secondl v, Mary 
daughter of Sir John Meade, of Weudon Loftus, Essex. She was buried at 
St. Margaret's, Westminster, Sept. 15, 1G57. He was burled there. April G, 
16o7. His will is dated March 5, 1G5G, proved June 1, 1C57. He speaks 
of his wife, j\Lxry Gorges ; his son, Ferdinciudo, to whom he bequeaths his 
Patent of the Province of Maine, in ^'ew-England, and all other Patents, 
maps and pictures. His children were : — 

i. Ferdixantjo, of Ashley, Wilts. 

ii. JA^-E, bapt. JuIyfJi, f63-2. 

iii. An-x, born :\Iay 2. bapt. Mp.y 12, 163.3; burie.l Dec. 19, 1655. 
Her will, dated Dec. 8, wa.'i proved Dee. '21, in.55. 

iv. CiCELr, bapt. Feb. 14, 1G31. Slie married ot St. Denis Backchurea, Lon- 
don, May 6, 165'2, Mr. Alirahani [son of iiif -John] Chancmn, of West 
flampneti Sussex. They had asnnJohn. Chapman, who is mentioned 
as his grandson in John Gorges 's will. 

Robert^ Gokges, second son of Sir Ferdinando Gorges. Of him, little is 
known beyond the mention of his name in the patents of New-En crjand. 
He probably died m 1624, or soon after his return to Enoland. ^ ' 

Ferdixando^ Gorges, son of John Gorges, was born at Wendon Lof- 
tus, Essex, August 19, 1G30. He is described in the Herald's Visitation as 
of Hiliingdon, near Uxbridge, Middlesex. His name also occurs often m 
connection with the Province of iNIaine. He married at St. Bride's, Lon- 
don, May 22, 1660, Mury, daughter of Thomas Archdale,^ of Loaks near 

' Jolm Arclidale, son of Tliom.a«! Archdalc, came to yew-Ensland. in 15G4 a«! the a^-ent 
of his brothcr-in-lnv\-, Ferdinando Goriro?, ami remained hnrc a'. out 'a vear. ' Jo-<o{vn m 
bis \ oya-^ei to Ne^v-En-Luul " (p. 272V .^tite^ tl!.;t he arrived with the Kir.-'i Cammi.. 
6ioiier.<, and taat he •• brou^'ht to the colony in the province of Main, Mr. F Gonjes 

1875.] . The Gorges Fcuaibj. 47 

Chippiiig "Wycomb, Bucks. He became possessed of the manor of Asbley, 
AVilts, whi.'h had formerly belon^^ed to Sir Thomas Coru^es. Ilejvas 
buried tlicre in the tomb of Sir Theobald Gorges. lie died Jan. 25, 1718, 
iif'ed 89. " He was charitable and patient, courteous and beneficent, zeal- 
ous a?id constant to the church, and a great admirer of learning." His 
cliildren were : — 

i. Ferdixaxpo, born 1003. He married Catherine Foylc, of Soniorford, 
Wilts, niece of Fleminij, of Stoneham, IhuitH. He was buri.-d at 
Ashley, Feb. QO, 1738.' 'lie had two sons wliO died youns, RickartP 
and Ftrdinando.'^ 

ii. Mary, born IGGl, hurled August 20, lOSO. 

iii. Tuo>us, of whom I know notliing furtlicr. It is recorded on the tomb 
of his father that only two of ttie children survived hi;n. 

iv. Ei.iZABEin, bai)t. May 8, buried Sept. 2"^, 1069. 

V. CiciLiA, bapt. June 2-2, 1670. 

vi. Axx, bapt. Jan. 0, 1G71-2. 

ordor from liis Majesty Charles the Second, under his maruial. and liis Mnjestic's Letters 
to the Massachusets concerning the same, to be restored unto the quiet pos^c sion and on- 
jovnicnt of the said province "in Xeio-Eiigland and the Govumnicnt thoreo;', tlie v.liich 
duriii;,' t!ie fivil Wars in Enijland the Massachii>ets colony had usnrpt." But if Arth- 
dalc arrived in July, 1GG4, in couiinmy with the King's Conimi.-sioners, he could not have 
brought the two documents named bv Jofselyn, for tliey are botli dated June il, hJi'A, 
whereas the commissioners sailed from En-iand several weeks previous to tliat date. ^ The 
iuval httoi- to tlic ialiiiiiitants oi Maine is printed in the Hutchinson Papers .38.3-8, Fnrcc 
Society's edition ii. 11012; and that to the governor and council of Massachusetts in the 
KecorJs of Massachusetts, vol. iv. pt. ii. pp.''243-5. Arehdale brought commissions to 
tvclvc pcr-ons as counsellors or magistrates. "On his arrival," says Williamson, ^" he 
visited every tuwn in the Province, and granted commissirms to Her.rv Jossclyn, of E'ack- 
roint, PLobert Jordan, of Spurwick, Edward Kishworth. of Agair.entieus, and Francis 
S'cale, of Ca.^co, who took upon themselves to rule." Josselyn, Arehdale, Jord;m and 
llishworth, addressed a letter to the government of Ma=sachusclts. lequiring a surrender 
of the jurisdiction to the commissioners of Gorges; but Massachusetts refused to ccmiply. 
The king's commissioners did not sustain Gorges. On the 23d uf June. 1365, they issued .in or- 
der instituting a new governi.ient for Maine, and forbidding the inh.nbitants to yield obedience 
cither to the commissioners of Gor^res or to the corporation of ^Inssaehusetts-Bay. This 
order is printed by Williamson (i. 416-17). Arehdale probably left soon after; as he says, 
in a ilocumont dated Feb. 4. 16S7-8, that he " was resident there for the space of a twelve 
month or thcrea!)outs." (Register, xiii. 304.) 

He was aftenvard one of the proprietaries of Carolina, and was governor of the colony 
from lRi)o to 1696. He had previously visited Carolina, for a letter \'>Titten in 1683 from 
that colony by him to George Fox is printed in Plawks's History of North Carolina; luit 
he was not'a resident therein 1694 when he was appointed governor. After his return to 
England, he was elected, in 1693, a memlier of Parliament fo- Chipping Wycombe; but 
his conscience not allowing: him to take the oath, he was not ■ Imitted to a seat. He pul>- 
lished, in 1707, " A Description of the Province of Carolina." See IvkgistePm xiii. 30;5-4 ; 

> Ashley, Wilt.".— The last of the Gorges Family was Ferdinando Gorges, E*q., who died 
IT."?':! [.Mc], nt the age of 76. He was succeeded bv his cousin, John Cercstord. Esq. 
A!-h!ey v;uj cventuallv sold, nnder tlie decrees of the coiirt of chancerv, to S:r One;ipii.?ru3 
l';iul. Mrs. Bercsford died \7i-2.— Beauties of Wilts, Britton. I am uot dear ai to the 
date of the death of the lait Ferdinando Gorges. 

HAN-yAH TowNSEXD.— In IGOl Lieut. Richard Way had m. Hannah Knight, for- 
merly Hannah Allen, cseciitrix of Hope Allen, and her ch. Elizabetli, Deborah & 
Uope Allen, were interested in some real estate near land of Edward Allen & "W il- 
iiam GriiiS.s. She was a dau. of William & Hannah (Penn) Townsend and m. '.st 
(Apr. 3, '^1657) Thomas Hull, of Loston, who d. in 1670. Her sister, Deborah 
Townsend, m. is'athaniel Thuyer. H. F. Waters. 

48 2s[antuclcet in the Revolution. [Jon. 


By Alexandeu Stakruck, Esq., of Waltham. 
(Continued from xxviii. page 442.) 

IN tlie year 1770, a large party of refugees, with seven vessels and 
transports with soldiers from Newport, commanded by the rene- 
gade George Leonard, having an avowed purpose to destroy Nantucket, 
because they said the Islanders had performed some act of hostility 
toward them, hmded a force of about 100 armed men on the island, 
and began to plunder the storehouses, taking principally from one 
Thomas Jenkins, formerly of Nantucket, but during the war residing 
in Lynn. Timothy Folger at length succeeded in passing the guard, 
and advised Leonard to go off, for the people would not submit to 
6uch treatment much lonijcr. Actinir on the hint, he left.^ The 
people believing that Leonard had no authority for his course, as- 
sembled in town meeting on the 9th of April, appointed Srephen 
Paddock, Benjamin Folger, Benjamin Ilussey, Nathaniel Coitin and 
Stephen Hu.^sey, a " Committee to draw up a ^lemorial or llejnon- 
etrance in order to be prefer'd to the General Assembly of this State 
to see what ]Means may be Used to prevent Any future Depredation 
being made on the luliabitants of this Town ;" and Timotliy Folger 

' The evidence of John McCartcr before Xath'l Freeman, Esq. (Letters, vol. 201, p. 42), 
was that the refugees were ?ro:ng to destroy Nantucket. When asked why, they replied to 
hirc, — he having said he thought the Islandf^rs were neutral?-, — they had bc'On nentra!, 
*' but had taken one or two of their vessel? lately," which was probal.)[y ti'ue. Mr. Ilotch 
speaks of some turbulent Sivrits who were inciiued to oppose non-resistance. Of this num- 
ber was Capt. Benjamin Bunker, commonly called in Nantucket G<ineral Bunker, because 
of a remarkably strong personal resemblance to Gen. Washington. Capt. Bunker, qniie 
early in the war, enlisted as an armorer in a South Carolina privateer, was captured by 
the "British and made to. realize the hospitalities of the Jersey Prison Ship. After his release 
he returned ro NnntucKet. Soon after an English private n- lay otf the Bar to intercept in- 
ward and outward bound vessels. Discovering a schooner ruiining in, site sent two !. oats' 
crews to chase Ler. Tlie men on board the schooner succeeded in beaching her and cutting 
away her maimnast before the English boats oipturcd her, and Capt. Bunker hastily inan- 
niag two whale boats retook her, and made prisoners of tiie late cantors. Proceeding then 
to the what f, where a " pink stem" schooner was moored, they asked the Quaker owner 
(Narhani^l Paddock) for the keys to her, that they misht take hcrand capture the privateer. 
Of course he dedineii, but in a very guarded "as^iile," told one of the men " the keys were 
in the mainsail," and walked up the wliarf away from the sconc. It did not take long to 
run out to the Bar. All but two men who were to navigate the vessel were stowed away 
below, and the helmsman bore down upon the comparatively defenceless privateer. Un- 
heeding the caU of the captain to sheer olF, theschoontr was put along side, the Nantuiketera 
swarmed out of her and on board the Briton, and ere he could realize what was going on 
he was a prisoner. Capt. Bunker was also instrumental in capturing another English pri- 
vateer, which lay up near Great Point in the " Cord of the Bay," with a prize. Kunning 
down with a ves-el with a single 4 lb. gun, before the astonished Englishman could com- 
prehend the Situation the gun was tired, killing one man and smashing a boat, the privateer 
wxs grappled, boarded and taken. Capt. Bunker, in conveying his pnsoners to the Conti- 
nent, had proceeded as far as i\arragansett Bay when the wiml came around to the west, 
and he wa.5 obliged to go to Bedford. It was necessary to cross the river in a ferry-boat, 
and the English captain knowing this, had laid his plans to overp')wer the guard, seize the 
boat, and sail for New- York; but Capt. B. di%ining some such plan, ordered the captain to 
sit forrvard, and the mate to sit aft, and with their tirearms ready for instant use, the guard 
kept the prisoners in or^ler. The EuLlislunan afterward told Capt. B. of their plans. This 
information was communicated to the writer by a son of Capt. Bunker, now living at Nau- 
tacket, nearly 90 years of age, but with a memory as fresh and keen as thoush bat 45. 

1875.] JSfantuchet in the JRevoliUvm. 49 

and Stephen Ilussey, Esqrs., were appointed to carry and present ic 
to the o^cneral court. The following is a copy of the memorial.' 

" To the Lej^islative Anthority of the State of Massachusetts Bay. 
" The Memorial of the Inhahitants of Nantucket Slieweth : 
"WnKKiiAS the peculiar Situation of tliis Isl:mcl Renderin.n; the Inha- 
bitants thereof Continually Exposed to Invas^ions, Kiivaijes, and Depredations 
of Armed ]\Ien, and liaveing no power of our Own to nialic the least resistance 
for our Defence, hein.^ principled against all Violent measures, and being left 
without tlie hope of Succour, or Kelief from the Continent were we dispos'd 
for Defence : Therefore in tliis our distress'd Situation we would call on the 
Legishitive Body of this State fur Council & Advice, and beg Leave to lay 
before you our Sufferings in a late Excursion, made here by a sett of Armed 
Men from .Newport, calling themselves Loyal Refugees, wl)0 say they were 
Conmiissioned, and Authorized by the Commander in Chief of King George's 
forces, to make Reprisals against the Inhabitants of the Several provinces 
in America. These assocuated Refugees being Formidably Armed with 
weapons of "War, did on the 5th Instant Land on this Island, and Incmedi- 
ately proceed to plunder Several Stores and Vessells laying at the Wharfes 
of Every Valuable Comodity, the particulars of which will be handed you 
by tlio CoiaLuliLco by which you will see our Loss is Great, and falls Heavy 
on the poor peaceable Inhabitants, And as the Sufferers stand in need of 
3iedre.:s & Coiupensation. and haveing some hope of it by Applying to the 
British Commanders at New York, or Elsewhere, We beg your Countenance 
and Authority to Impower Timothy Folger, and Benjamin Ilus.-ey to Re- 
pair to New York, & Rhode Island, to solicit for the payment of the Goods 
taken from the peaceable Inhabitants of this Town and endeavour to put a 
stop to future depredations of this kind from the Ships and IMen under their 
Authority. We need not Remind you of the Poverty and Calamity of this 
Town, Even before this Invasion, but now it must be Considered as being 
but one Step from total Desolation. 

Nathaniel Coffix, Benjamin Folger, 
Stephen Paddock, Benjamin HrssEY."^ 
Stephen Hussey, 

The coui-t granted the desired permission, but the danger of in- 
vasion was not averted, for there soon came tidings that Leonard was 

' Petitions, vol. 18-3, p. 109. 

* The fAlIo^ng is a mca?ace from Jos. Powell, Pres. of the Council, to the House of 
RcprcitnuttivLS (Jvcv. Miso.,"vol. 158, p. 139). 

" State of Massachusetts Bay, 
" Gcr.tlcTnen of the House of Representatives : Council, April 23J, 1779. 

" It is with ^Tief ii concern we hear of the Devastation maldng at Nantucket tiy aXumber 
of di^arecte'l pi^rtons, nn>ler the Sanction of the British Comniandcrs in America. We 
lire thent'>re>trainod to recommend to your Serious Consideration the' Expadieucy of 
takiufT -omc immediate & etfcctual measures for the Capturing: of the small piratical Ves- 
sels, tliat are sprciidini: Desolation there ; and are determined to do the lilvc in otiier part3 

of this ^tale We shall readily Concur xvith you in any etfectual measures you shall think 

proper to adopt for that Salutary pui'pose 

In the Name & behalf of the Council 

Jo» Powell, Presd'." 
In one of these forays tradition says : the refugees came across Jo=eph Siarhucii, then a 
mure hoy of 9 years of a^re. The first intimation he iiad of their approach was a shot which 
barely misled hs aim. He fled in terror, pursued by tiie rnrhans, even into the arms of a 
protcct.iiii; iVicTid, the rcfucrccs clamorin,? for the Mood of tlie man thev had cha; ed, and 
iasistmu' that he was not tlie one. Tlds incident shows sufficiently the animus of these- 
desperadoes, and the danger in which the islanders were placed. 

50 JVantucJcet in the Hevohitlon. [Jan. 

planning another similar expedition, and tlie town was convcred to 
sec -what should be d()nc. It was necessary to act promptly, and the 
re&ult was that Dr. Bonjaniin Tupper, Samuel Starbuck and \^'i]Jiam 
Koteh were sent to iS'ewport with instructions to proceed to Xesv- 
York if nccessar)-, to prevent the consummation of Leonard's design, 
and in the eftbrt they were partially successful. The sloop Speed- 
well, in which they took passage, was, however, intercepted by a spy- 
boat in the service of Gen. Gates, and her purpose ascertained, and 
a copy of tlie oounnission taken and forwarded to him. He iamic- 
diately despatched the copy, ^\ ith some severe strictures, to the Hon. 
Jeremiali Powell of the Council of Massachusetts. The subject was 
of course brought up, and a requisition served on the selectmen of 
Nantucket to appear, and defend themselves from the charge of cor- 
responding with the enemy. In accordance with this rerpiisition, 
Frederick Folger, Josiah Barker, Micajah Coffin, Ilussey 
and Christopher Starbuck were appointed to draw up a reply, and 
Stephen Hussey, Esq., to present it to the general court. The re- 
ply set forth the peculiar circumstances under which the commission 
was issued,^ the necessity for immediate action, and the fact that 
notliing more vras sought but immunity from further depredations. 
On these grounds the court in a carefully guarded resolve wamingly 
excused the action. It must be remembered in this connection that 
communication with Boston in peaceful times in these days was not 
a question of hours but days ; and when we consider that some time 
after the commencement of Leonard's preparations must have elapsed 
before nev/s of it reached the island, that many days of valuable time 
must be lost in connnunicating with the general court and recel\-ing 
a reply, and that in the meantime the object of the expedition may 
have been accomplished, it would certainly be unreasonable to blame 
the islanders for acting as they did. 

In the meantime the Jenkins whose property was stolen, impeached 
five of the prominent Inhabitants of the Island (Dr. Benjamin Tupper, 
Timothy Folger, Esq., "William Eotch, Samuel Starbuck and Kezla 
Coffin) of high treason, for aiding and abetting the enemy, and they 

* The fo'lomng is a copy of tlio said commission (Letters, vol. 200, p. 402). 
•'Benja Tupper Esa/ Samuel Starbnclc & W™ Roach you being appointed a Comittee l^y 
the Inliabitants oftheToivii of Shcvboum in a Town meeting, legally assembled the 12th 
Day of the fourth Month 1779 to repair to New York or Newport to prefer a Moniorial from 
this Town to the Comander in Chief of the British Navy and Army — you are therefore 
directed to take the Sloop Speeilwell witb Francis Chace, Jlobeit Gardner & Jn'J Cartwri^ht 
to navigate said Vessel and make all possible Dispatch on the Business of your Jlission, and 
all Persons concerned are directed to forward and assist said Comittee when in their Power 
by Order of sii Town 

[Signed] Silv Starbccx, Ben/ JE^^KI^•s, 

Wm Starr c"ck, Abn-er GARD^fEE, 

Peter Foloer, Jno Gaedner. 
BEXja Hussey, 

Order by the Selectmen of s^ Town at Nantucket April 12—1779." 

Dr. Tapper prior to the Revolution was HiLrh-Shrriff. Samuel Starbuck was some years 
nfrer Ualtod Stafcs Coti-u! in New South Wales. Mr. Rotch was a eonnnercial man to the 
end of his life, of sounl ju'lgn-icnt an.l strict integrity, adhering to the principles of his iiuth 
alike tlxrough storin and sunshine, disaster aJid success. 

1875.] N^antuclcet in the ^Revolution. 51 

were })roTight before the court to answer to the charge. It appeared 
in evidence that they had not oidy endeavored to save Jonkin-^'r? 
property among the rest, but Mr. Kotch had vohmtecred to pay his 
proportion to reimbiu^e Jenkincs for Jiic; loss, and uctiudly did pay 
more than <loubh"i his proportion. Tlie committee and Jenkins him- 
self were convinced that iho, charges were unfounded, and the 
committee reported that he have leave to witlidraw his comphiint. 
This report the Councd rejected, and the House unanimously ac- 
cepted, and thus the matter stood at tlie close of the war. 

Later in 1779 iutbrmation was received tliat a fleet was preparing 
to leave Xew-York for the purpose of sacking the town, and even of 
burning it should they be resisted. The tlcet soon arrived at the 
Vineyard, and waited but for a favorable wind to sail dovrn and 
attack the to'wn. The portable property was rapidly carried out of 
town by its owners, pending the arrival of the Jjritish, and placed in 
ECattering houses or buric«d to save it from destruction sliould the 
place be fired. From an order from Leonard it appeared that the 
islanders were accused of active hostility to the English. A reply 
was drawn up denying in general and specifically the charges brought 
against them, and replying in a spicily refreshing manner to the 
bragging manifesto of Winslow and Leonard. The easterly winds 
continued, however, and in the meantime orders arrived from Xew 
York to abandon the attempt. 

The -winter of 1779 was now approaching. A few whalers had 
been licensed by both parties to pursue their calling, but when a 
cruiser of either side found the permit of the other on board, the ves- 
sel was remorselessly taken as a prize, and between the two fires, 
between the upper and nether millstones of war, the prospect was 
gloomy enough. Accordingly the inhabitants in October addressed 
to the court the following petition for relief:^ 

* To the Gen^ Court at Boston. 

" The Memorial of tlie Inhabitants of the Town of Sherburne on the 
Inland of Xautucket in Town Meeting assembled, sheweth 

" That the Inhabitants of Nantucket have had almost an uninterrupted 
sorii's of difficulties to encounter, since the commencement of the present 
Vt ar, and have shared undeserved severities in the unhappy Contest, and 
this we a[iprehend has been for want of due attention and ciindid considera- 
tion of the peculiar situation in which this Island is plac'd, but from a desire 
to live in peace with all men, we have avoided making complaints untiil our 
oppressions are become greater than we can bear. This unhappy period 
has now arrived at the threshhold, and unless some interpositiou in our 
favor, must make that awfull Havock, which perhaps no part of America 
have yet experienced & we apprehend it is in the power of the General 
Court to avert it, and that without the expense of Blood & Treasure, neither 
of which we desire. We therefore crave to lay before yoii our present 
alarming circumstances : the Inhabitants of this Island are computed at near 

^ Revolatioa Miscellaneous, vol. 137, p. 272. 

52 Nantucket in the Revolution. [Jan. 

Five Tlioas.ind Persons, in about Seven Iliuidreil Families, at least one half 
this number if not Two tliirds are totally destitute of Firewood, of which 
doubtless you arc acquainted, this Island prodnceth very little: we conse- 
quently are dependant ou the Continent for this article, vrhich has for a long 
time been brought to us very sparingly from the risque occasioned by the 
frequent passing of British Cruisers, but a total stop for some time hath 
taken place, a still greater number that now surrounds us, many other 
necessaries of Life we are in great want of, particularly IM'eal which added 
to that of Firewood, with the consideration of the nigh approach of Winter, 
and tlie uncertainty of the way being opcneil, for pi-ovidlng these articles, 
exhibits a very gloomy prospect. Tiiis Island hath been of great ad\antage 
to the Government to which it hath been aimexed, and may still in a future 
day be very useful, unless the Inhabitants are obliged to abandon it through 
necessity, which will not only be distressing to them, but an injury to you. 
"VVe therefore earnestly desire you would take our distressed situation into 
consideration, and give us such advice or point out such measures as your 
Wisdom and Humanity may dictate (consistent with that peaceable disposi- 
tion which we wish to maintain with all men) to alle^^ate us from the 
calamities that loudly threaten us. For further particiJars we beg leave to 
refer you to the bearer Timothy Folger, Esq. who is appointed by the Town 
to wait on you for this purpose. 

Signed in behalf of the Town, 

Fred'' Folger, Town Clerk." 

This petition was ordered to lie upon the table until the following 
(spring) session, and by that time how was it with the Islanders? 
Macy sr.ys : * " Greater suffering was experienced by the inhabitants 
of Nantucket, in the year 1780, than at any other period during the 
war." Cold weather coming ou eai'lier than usual, the supply of 
wood and provisions, scarce enough at the best, from the continent, 
was wholly cut off, and tlie autumn being uncommonly wet but little 
peat was secured. About the twentieth of December, 1779, the 
harbor became closed with ice, and the cold ^vas so extreme that for 
several weeks clear water was invisible from any part of the island. 
The ice in the harbor became strong enough to bear loaded carts, and 
by this means the Laboring poor were enabled to draw a scanty supply 
of w^ood from Coskata, a distance of nine or ten miles over the ice, 
and more than double that by the circuitous and bad land route. In 
many places the strong current left thin spots in the ice, and several 
times these toilers of the sea broke through, but fortunately no lives 
were lost. The wood, wliich had been reserved by the proprietors 
of the land as a shelter for their sheep and horses in the winter, was 
principally oak and juniper and was small and crooked, but the al- 
ternative was the chance of perishing of cold. I\Iore distress was 
felt from lack of provisions, jmrticularly among the poorer classes. 
Those whom the v^^ar had made widows and orphans experienced on 
this account the greatest sufferings, and "although none are known 
to have frozen or starved, without doubt some were hurried to their 

> Page 107. 

1875.] JSfantuchet in the Revolution. 53 

graves through want of tlie neccssarios and comforts of life." To the 
utmost of their power those having food relieved the wants of the 
destitute. Distress and famine being sure if inaction was continued 
in, and it being pretty ^rcll assured tliat some of the Iciiding men of 
tlie nation looked witli an eye of pity upon tiie sad efFects of the war 
upon Xantucket, it was determined to send Timothy Folger, Esq., 
to New-York to try to obtain from the British commanders immunity 
from capture of a few vessels while pursuing tlic whale fiahcry, and 
safety for their property on the land.' Their petition, although not 
wholly successful, proved advantageous to the people. 

One would suppose that by this time the town had given evidence 
enough, through its magistrates and committees and the trials of its 
citizens, that the conduct of the inhabitants could not be rightfully 
complained of, while their aggravations and sufferings were great ; 
but they were again compelled in Xovember, 1780, to forward to the 
court, by Timothy Folger, Esq., another petition" setting forth the 
misfortunes which had befallen the island in the loss of its whaling- 
fleet, and the desolation created by the tories ; repelling with its 
merited iudignatiou the imputation of clandestine trade vrith the 
enemy ; declaring upon his honor that aU stories to that eflect were 
maliciously false ; claiming the right of self-protection as inherent ; 
assuring the court of the desire of the people ever to obey its laws ; ^ 
and praying that the particular laws governing Xantucket might be 
framed with re<rard to the exigencies of the case. I cannot find that 
any action was taken on tliis petition, but this same year the 
court voted it inexpedient to have a senator from X^antucket and 
Dukes counties. And in 1781, in response to a protest from 
X^antucket, the treasurer of the state was ordered to suspend execu- 
tions against the deficient constables and collectors of taxes until 
further orders.* 

[To be continued.] 

' This action •n-as done by consent of the Led>laturc, the town and Mr. Folder in person 
■warmly urging the necessity of such consent. "The amount of damage done at this time by 
the refugees was estimated at nearly £4,000 sterling. 

- Petitions, vol. 186, p. 370. 
In Dec, 1773, Mr. Folger wrote to a member of the council informing him of the wreck 
of the fiag-of-truce Hammond, returnini from Portsmouth, N. H., to Now- York, on the 
shoals near the island, and the landing of the passengers and crew on Nantucket. While 
they wore there three prizes were piloted to Boston, and there were aiTivals from and de- 
panure.i for the West Indies. Not deeminir it advisable for the English to be spectators, 
lie supplied them with a vessel and sent them to New York, taking^care that she carried 
nothing oljoctionable, nor more provisions than were necessary for the voyage. Stiil later, 
in i,yi, there is on record a similar instance which shows the desire of the ishinders to 
pertijrra taithfally their duties to the state. The Engli.>h dag of truce, schooner Peggj-, put 
into Nantucket in distress, and applied for permission to make neccssarv repairs. The 
selet-tmen thereupon apiiointed a committee of ship carpenters to inspect the" vessel, and sec 
what >vas needed. Thuse repairs which were actuLdlv required as reported were allowed 
*^'^c made, and provi-icns and water suiiieient only to last them tatheir destination put on 

*■ The town in an earnest remonstrance strongly urged the calamitous effect of the war 
upon the islanders, reducing them to such an extent that they were utterly nnable to 
properly support their own indigent poor. 

VOL. XilX. 5* 

54 3Iarriages in West Springfield, 1774-90. [Jan. 


Contribnted by Lymax H. Baoo. 

FOR the first twenty-two years after tlic ineor|)oratlon of the 
town, or until April, 179G, the record of births, marriages 
and deaths was kept in a small quarto volume wherein were also 
entered lists of men drawn as jurors, reports of surveyors and ap- 
praisers, descriptions of the distinctive "marks " of the sheep of dif- 
ferent owners, and other miscellaneous matter. 

About the year 1798, a large leather book was procured, into 
which was copied from the old l)ook the list of births and deaths ; 
and the record of the same down to the year 1824 was continued 
therein, so that the complete list for forty-nine years occupied 157 
pages altogether. The remaining 22o pages were given to the record 
of marriages and marriage intentions from April, 179(J, to December, 
1835, while the marriages of the twenty-two earlier years (with the 
exception of the first fifteen entries) were never copied from the origi- 
nal volume. 

Since the passage of the Act of March 16, 1844, the birth?, mar- 
riafjes and deaths have been recorded, in accordance with the svstem 
then established, in books especially arranged for that pui-pose. The 
births and deaths for the twenty years ending with April, 1844, occu- 
py 40 pages in a volume v>-hich also contains four pages of marriages, 
contracted pre^-ious to 1800, reported by the clerks of other towns, 
in obedience to the Act of 1857. The intentions of mamage are 
6till entered in a book that has been in use for that purpose since 

As the original record book of 1774 became thoroughly mildewed 
by exposure in a damp safe, about a dozen years ago, and the loose 
leaves which composed it are now no longer in a condition to be 
referred to and are fast crumbling to decay, I taken the pains 
to make a literal transcript of the 100 folios that contain the early 
marriages and send the same for preservation in the pages of the 
Register. l. h. b. 

West Springfield, JIass., Sep>t. 2, 1874. 

The Intention of JIarriage between Thomas Jaracs Douglas and Tem- 
perance Palmer both of "VV^est Springfield was entered April 23"^, 1774. 
Pubhshment posted up the IS'** of said June. 

The Intention of Marriage between Isaac Cooly and Huldah "Wortiiing- 
ton both of "West Soriugiield was entered June 26^^ and PablicaLion thereof 
made the 1st of JalV 177 i. 

The Intention of Marriage between David Fowler & Thaulcfall Leonard 
both of West Springfield was entered June 31"' ('sic I) and published July 1'' 
17 1 4. 

1875.] Marriages in West Springfield^ 1774-96. 55 

The lutcutiou of Marriage between Austin Leonard and Nancy Upham 
both of West Springlield w-xi entered July 0"' and {jublisshed the 1<>"' 1774. 

The Intention of ^larriaijc between Obadiah Miller of AVest Springfield 
& Deborah Lus-.j of Soiuers was entered June '1(\ and published the -iih 

The Intention of ^Tarriage between Leonard Upham of "West Sj)nng- 
tield & Ehzabeth Cooly of SulField was entered June 4'*" and published the 
same Day. 

The Intention of Marriage between Jabez Snow of West Springfield 
and Bethiah Chapiu of Springfield was eutered June 16^ and published the 
18"^ 1774. 

The Intention of Marriage between Dan Taylor and Sybil Ely both of 
West Springfield was entered July 13'*^ and published the IGth 1774. 

The Intention of ^Marriage between David Miller 2^ and Margaret 
Mighels both of West Springfield, was entered August 19"" and published 
the^20''' 1774. 

The IntenLion of Marriage between Giles Day and Sarah Day both of 
West Spvingiield was entered September the 3*^ and publicat'^ thereof made 
that Same Day 1774. 

The IntfMition of aVrnrringe between Justin Morgan cS: INIartlia Day both 
of West Springfield was eutered and published October the 29"" 1774. 

The TnteLtion of I^Tarriage between Thomas Ellsworth of West .Spring- 
field and Lvdia ]Marsiiai of Westfield was entered November the 18'^ and 
published the 19'M774. 

Noah Lankton and Mehitabel Sheperd both of West Springfield, the 
Intention of Marriage between them was entered and published Nov' 
19'" 1771. 

Zarrager Bartlet of Marlborough in New-York and Sarah Tavlor of 
West Springfield, the Intention of 3Iarriage between them was entered 
and published December the 10'*' 1774. 

Ozias Flowers & Abigail Millar o"^ of Wt Springfield their Intentious 
of Marriage were entered March 14*'' 1775. Publication made IS''-' of s"^ 

Joseph White & Sarah Leonard of West Springfield their Intentions of 
jNIarriage were enter*^ March 14th 1775. Publication made 18th of s* 

Mr. EHphalet Leonard of West Springfield & Miss Mary Pierpont of 
Brooklyne their Inteiitions of Marriage entered May 6''' publication made 7 
of s*^ Month. 

The Intentious of Marriage between Elias Leonard & Siisanna Selden 
both of Wt Springfield were'entered July 15, 1775. Publishment posted 
up the IG. of s'^ Month. 

The Intentions cf ^Marriage between John Chapin & Margaret Ely both 
of Wt Springfield were entered Aug' 5, 1775. Publishment^'posted up the 
same Day. 

The Intentions of M;>rriage b^.'tween Thomas Shattuck & Asenath Win- 
chell both cf Wt Springfield were entered Aug' 12, 1775. Publishment 
made 13th Instant. 

The Intentions of Marriage between Aaron B:".gg & Sarah ]\Iillar both 
of Wt Springfield were entered Sept. 8. Publishment the 9th 1775. 

The luten lions of Marriage between Isaac Stiles of Wt Springfield and 
Mrs, Dinah Kent of Simsbu.-y were entered September IG, 17t5. Pub- 
lishment posted up the same Day. 

56 Marriages in West Springfield, 1774-96. [Jan. 

The InteDtions of Marriage between Mr. Ebeuez. Day «fe ]\[rs. Marthti 
Day of Wt Springfield were entered Sept. 23, 1775. Publishment the 
same Day. 

The Intentions of IMarrlage between Chauncy Taylor &, Mary Felt both 
of Wt S^jriiigllcld were eiuered jSov. lo. Cry'd oft" oa tlie fojIowiDC pub- 
lick Dayo. 

Vrilliani ^Yebe^ of Lrimtleld & Catharine Mighell of West Springfield 
were joined together in Marriage Jan. 2j, 1775. 

Jonathan Cooley & Marrha Ashley of West Springfield were joined 
together in Marriage Jan, 20''' 1775. 

The Intentions of Marriage between Israel Bagg and Savuli Gr<=:en 
both of Wt Springtiuld were entered Nov. 30. Pufjlishmenc posted De- 
cemb'" 2, 1 775. 

Ozia5 Flowers &■ Abigail Miller both of Wt Spnngfleld vrere joined 
togetlier in jMarriagc March G, 1775. 

Aaron Bagg & Sarah ^liller both of Wt Springfield were joined together 
in Marriage Sent. 27, 1775. 

Channcy Taylor and Mary Felt both of Wt Springfield were joined 
together in Marriage Nov"" 23, 1775. 

The Intentions of Marriage between John Killum & Hannah Looraiss 
both of Wt Springfield were entered Jannary 17*^ 1776. Pubiiohinent 
posted up the l-S^^. 

The Intention:^ of ]\[arriage between Euos Morgan & Sirs. Lois Stock- 
■well both of Wt Springfield were entered April 25, 177G. l^ublish'* the 

The Intentions of Marriage between Joseph Phreesell Young & Eleanor 
Dumbolton, both of Wt Springfield were entered the 16 day of April 
A Dom 1770. Published the 26. 

The Intentions of IMarriage between Jon* Hale Jim"' of Enfield and Mary 
Kent of Wt Springfield were entered May 25, 1--776. " Publi.-hed June 1'-. 

The Intentions of Marriage between Eberr Hale of Enfield and — eodah 
Kent of Wt Springfield were entered j\[ay 25, 1776. Publish'^ June 1. 

The Indentions of jMarriage between Mr. Eoswell Day & Miss Lucy 
Atchinson both of Wt Springfield were entered June 1^', 1776, published 
the same day. 

The Intentions of Marriage between Daniel ]) "anger of South Brinifieltl 

& Elizabeth of West Springfield were entered with me on the 24 

Day of June 177G, Publication thereof made , 

The Intentions of Marriage between Ira Fletcher and Elizabeth Barber 
both of Wt Springfield were entered with me on Saturday the 29th of June 
177 G and published tiie same Day. [Married Sept. 5.] 

The Intentions of .?>rarriage between Aaron Ely li W^ Eleanor Williston 
both of Wt Springfield were entered with me on Friday the 9'^ of Aucr. 
1J76, & published the 10''' of . 

The Intentions of ^larriage between Charles Purchase of Wt Spring- 
field and Martha Ferry of LuiUow were enter"* Saturday Aug. 17, 1776. 
Published the same Day. 

The Intentions of 3Iarriage between Mr. Caleb Bliss & Miss Hannah 
Vanhorn both of Wt Springfield were entered Saturday Sept 7*'', 1776 — 
publication made the same Day. []Married Oct, 31.] 

The Intentions of IVfarriage between Manasseh Fren of Enfield 

& Hannali ]Morley of 'Wt Springfield were entered with me the 4 Day of 
October 1776, & published the neit Day. 

1875.] Marriages in West Sprinrffield, 1774-96. 57 

The Intentions of Marriage bctu'een Luke Day of Wt SpringfieM Sc^X^ 
Mercy Dewey of Westliehl were entered with me on the 1-3 Day of Nov^ 
177G. Piiblishineut ported the same Day. [M. Dec. 5.] 

The TntPiitious of ^farriaije between Ic!;abo<I Comstoek of WestHclJ (5c 
Ivitherine Smith of Wt S[)ringljehl were ei)tered with me on Saturday, De- 
cenib' 1-i"^ i77G. rublicatioa made the sarje Day. (M. Jan. '.), 1777.] 

The Intentions of Marriage between 'Mv. Tilley Mirrick of "Wt Spring- 
field & Miss Louisa Colton of Springfield w^ere entered January 4th 1777. 
Publication made the same Day. 

The Intentions of Marriage between William Marchant «fc Naomi Par- 
sons of Wt Springtield were entered Jany 8, 1777. Publication made the 
same Day. 

The Intentions of 3Iarriage between John Taylor of Wt Spring-field & 
Hannah Farnam of Northampton were entered Jany 8"". 1777. Publica- 
tion made y^ Same Day. [jM. March 13.] 

Israel Bagg & Sarah Green of Wt Springfield were joined together in 
Marriage 11 Day Jan^ 1776. 

l^nos Morgan & Lois Stockwell of Wt Springfield were joined together 
in Marriage 23 Day May 177G. 

Ro>-well Day <S: Lucy Atchinson of Wt Springfield were joined together 
in Marriage 2 Day July 177G. 

Ira Fletc'ier & Elizabeth Barlow of Wt Springfield were joined together 
in jMarriage 5 Day Sept. 177 G. 

Caleb Bliss & Hannah Vanhorne of Wt Springfield were joined together 
in Marriage 31 Day Oct'' 1776. 

Luke Day of Wt Springfield & Mercy Drury cf Westfield were joined 
together in Marriage 5 Day DecemV 177 G. 

Ichabod Comstoek of Westfield & Catlierine Smith of Wt Springfield 
were joined together in Marriage 9 Day Jan^, 1777. 

Daniel Mirrick & Experience Leonard their Intentions of Marriage were 
entered with me March 2'^*, 1777. Published the same Day. 

The Intentions of Marriage between Mr. Asaph Leonard & wid° Plan- 
nah Lamb both of Wt Springfield were entered with me April 5, 1777. 
purlished the same Duy. 

""."he Intentions of Marriage between .John Hendrick of Springfield & 
Mary Parker of West Springfield were entered with me May 3*^ 1777 & 
published the same Day. [M. May 13.] 

The Intentions of iilarriage between Asael Chapin of Wt Springfield & 
Sarali Frink of Springfield were entered with me iNIay 3, 1777 & published. 
The Intentions of "Marriage between Lewis Ely & Anna Granger both' 
of Wt Springfield were entered August 30"^, published the 31'', 1777. [M. 
Oct. 23.] 

The Intentions of Marriage between Asael Stebbins of IMunson & Eer- 
thia Terry of Wt Springfield were entered with me Nov' 1" 1777 : pubhihed 
y^ same Day. 

Tlie Intention? of ^Marriage between Seth Pomeroy of Suffield & Anna 
Saunderson of Wt Springfield were entered Nov' 3*^ & pubUshed the 8th 
Instant, 1777. 

The Intentions of Marriage between Jacob Miller and Lucretia Ely were 

entered the 8th of , 1777, & published the same Day. [M. Dec. 18.] 

The Intentions of Marriage between Moses Adams .Jim' of Suffield <fc 
Eoxavana Kent of Wt Springfield were entered Nov. 13th : published the 
loth : 1777. 

58 Marriages in West Springfield, 1774—96. [Jan. 

The Intentions of ^farnage between Thomas Ba^^ & Joanna Cooley 
both of Wt Springlield were eutei-ed Nov. 15 : 1777. Publisheil the li;"*. 
[M. Dec. 18,] 

The Intentions of Marrinwe between Noah Leonanl of Wt Springfichl &-. 
Lj-dia Taylor of Murrayiichi were entered Nov' 27''" 1777 published the 2.)th. 

The Intentions oflMarriage between John Barber & ^Margaret Steplieu- 
sou boih of Vy't Springtieid were entered with me Dec' 12"^ & pubh^hed the 
next Day. 

The Intentions of Marriage between Timothy Day Jun' of Wt Sju-ing- 
field & Eunice H:ile of Springfield were entered Jan^ 9"^ 1778. Fubli.sbed 
the next Daye. 

The Intentions of Marriage between Gideon Adams of Sufueld & Theoda 
Kent of Wt Springliekl were entered & published Jan^ '1-V-'^ 1778. 

The Intentions of Marriage between Bushman Fuller of Wt Springfield 
& Flora Parry of East Windsor were entered Fel/ 7'^ 1778. 

The Intentions of Marriage l)etween Jacob Day & Abigail Leonard both 
of Wt Sprmgiield were entered Feb^' 21. Published the same Day. 

The Intentions of Marriage between Jephtha Green & Margaret Bagg 
-were entered Feb' 27*^ 1778. Published next Day. 

The Intentions of Marriage between Barker & Sarah Jones both 

of Wt vSpringtlfld v'ere entered with mo April 21'" 1773. 

The Intentions of Marriage between Phineas No — of WiUiamstown c& 
Tamar Irlil I ar of Wt Springfield were entered May 2"'^ 1778. Published 
the same Day. 

The ]jitentions of Marriage between Zaavan of Westfield &; IMiriam 

Brooks of Wt Springliekl were entered & puljlished i\ray 30"* 1778. 

Asael Stebbens of Munson & Bethia Terry of Wt. Springfield were joined 
together in ^Marriage March 2-1, 1778. 

Jephtha Green & Margaret Bagg were joined together in Marriage 
March 26, 1778. 

The Intentions of Marriage between ]Mr. Sam" Leonard Jun"" cf Wt 
Springfield & Miss Jemima Robinson of Granville were entered & publish'^ 
July 25"^ 1778. 

The Intentions of Marriage between Billap [Billy ?] Munger & Marga- 
ret Remington both of Wt Springfield were entered Aug' 22, 1778. 

T le Intentions of Marriage between Hezekiah [Smith ?] Jun'of Granby 
& Ruth Granger of -Wt Springfield were entered Sep' 1 & pxiblished 5'*' 

The Intentions of Marriage between Solomon & Lucy Stephen- 
son of 'Wi Springfield were entered September 8 Sc published 12'^. 

The Intentions of Marriage between Lewis Day and Sebreh Ward both 
of Wt Springfield were entered Oof o^^ 1778, & published the same Day. 
[M. Nov. 26t] 

The Intentions of Marriage between Seth Remington and Mary Roberta 
both of Wt Springfield were entered Oct"" \Q>'-^ pul>li.4ied the next Day. 

The Intentions of Marriage between Lt. Asa Millar and Eunice Shevoy 
were entered Ocf 17''' & publish'* eodem. 

The Intentions of Marriage between Noadiah Loomiss and Thankful Bagg 
were entered Oct' 17"^ & publish'^ eodem. [M. Nov. 20.] 

The Intentions of JIarriage between John Frederick Stickman &; Rebec- 
ca Bond both of Wt Springfield were entered Ocf 21"' 1778, &. published 
the same Day. [M. Nov. 10.] 

The Intentions of Marriage between Mr. Stephen Leonard & Editha 

1875.] Marriages in West Springfield^ 1774-96. 59 

Leonard botli of Wt SpriiigfielJ were entered Oct' SO'^ & published the 
next Day A Dom. 1778. 

Lt. i\ia Millar 6^ IMiss Euaico Sh^voy were joined together in Wedlock 
Nov' 12"' 1778. 

The Intertions of INfarriage between Eeuben Farnum of Wt Sprm:,'- 
field liL Keziali "\\ aif, of Suuthamptou were entered & published Nov ' 28, 1778. 
John Taylor 2"'^ of Wt Springfield & Hannah Farnum of Northampton 
were joined toi^cther in Marriage March 13, 1777. 

John Ilendrick & Mary Barker of West Springfield were joined together 
hi Marriaice May 13, 1777. 

Lewis Ely & Anne Grainger of Wt Sprmgfield were joined together 
in Marriage Oct' 23, 1777. 

Tliomas Bagg ct Joanna Cooley of Wt Springfield were joined together 
in Marriage Dec^ IS''^ 1777. 

Jacob liLillar & Lucretia Ely of Wt Springfield were joined together in 
Marriage Dec' IS, 1777. 

John Frederic Stickman & Kebekah Bond of Wt Sprmgueld were joined 
together in IMarriage Nov' 10"' 1778. 

Noadiah Loomis & Thankful Bagg of Wt Springfield were joined toge- 
ther in r^farriage Nov'' 26"' 1778. 

Lewis Day & Sabrea Ward of Wt Spruigfield were joined together in 
Marriage Nov' 20'^, 1778. 

The Intentions of Marriage between Samuel Adams of Sufneld & Eliza- 
beth Piu-chase of Wt Springfield were entered January 1'' 1779 & pub- 
lished the third Listant. 

The Intentions of Marriage between Isaac Newton of Greenfield & Esther 
Hopkins of We?t Springrietd were entered Jan^ C^ 1779, & pubhshcd y' 
same Day. [M. March 2.] 

The Intentions of Marriage between jMoses Adams & Zilpah Elmer both 
of Wt Springfi'.dd were entered Jan'^ 23, 1779, and published the same Day. 
The Intentions of Marriage between John Brackett & Eunice Woolcott 
both of Wt Springfield were entered & published Feb. 13"" 1779. 

The Intentions of Marriage between David Hastings of Sufiield & 
Sebrah Morley of Wt Sprmgfield were entered Mzvch 12^^ 1779 & pub- 
lished the nest Day. 

The Intentions of Marriage between Jared Fairman of Norwich & 
Chloe Hanchet of Wt Springfield were entered April 3-^ 1779, & pubUshed 
the same Daye. 

The Inter.: tions of Marriage between Aaron Vanhom Jun' of Wt Spring- 
field & ]Mary Hubbard of Lowden were entered April 5"^ & pitblishcd 1U'°. 
The Intentions of Marriage ^between Walter Bagg & Nancy Granger 
both of West Springfield were entered April 17, & published the same Daye. 
The Intentions of Marriage between Mathew Copley & Caroline Kent 
both of West Springfield were entered May 5'^ 1770 & published. 

The IntPnticns of IMarriage between Mr. Ebenezer ilorgan and Lucy 
Morgan both of Wt Springfield were entered May 8"" 1779 and publislied 
the Same Daye. And joined together in Marriage Thursday May 27"^ 

The Intentions of Marriage between Lt. John Millar and IMrs. Lucretia 

Day both of West Springfidd were entered 3"^ 1779 & published 

the 5'*^ In?tant. 

John Brackett & Eunice Woolcott both of West Springfield were joined 
together in Marriage June 7*^ 1779. 

[To be coatinaed.] 

60 Letter of Eichard Price to President Stiles. [Jan. 


Com. by Chabxes H. Morsk, Esq., Washington, D. C. 

NE^vlNGTOX Greex, January 1, 17S3- 
Dear Sir: 

I writ to you by Dr Beardsley, and I have since sent you an account of 
the new planet by Mr. Fitch. ^V'itli this letter I send you two copies of 
plans for observing meteors, drawn up by iNIr. Harkelyne our Astronomer 
Royal ; and also a letter which I received fron\ him a few days ago, from 
which you will learn that he wishes to have these jtlans circulated in Amer- 
ica, in order to collect all the observations onroeteors which can be procured. 
He is to send me a large parcel for this purpose, and, therefore, yen will 
probably receive thereafter more of these plans. You wall farther learu 
from Dr. Markelyne's letter that he agrees with IVesident Clap in his ideas 
of the nature and causes of meteors, and that he is greatly pleased with 
President Clap's pamphlet on the subject, which you have been so good as 
to send me to be pre<5ented to the Royal Society. I have likewise sent yoa 
a set uf Advertistmuucs which have been printed here on purpose to be dis- 
tributed in America. You will kno^v how much the cause of civil and 
rehgious liberty has been indebted to Bisliop floadley. Dr. Hoadley, his 
son and the publisher of this edition of his works, is dead. One of my 
friends interests himself for the widow ; and she would be benefited could 
she dispose of the remainder of the copies. One set I shall send to you 
by some future opporLunity in hopes that the college over which you preside 
will accept it as a token of my gratitude and good wishes. 

Deliver my kind respects to Dr. Beardsley'^and IMr. Fitch when you see 
them. I hope they ore arrived safe at their respective homes. Mr. Fitch 
has informed me that you wish some print or bust of me. You do me great 
honor by this ; but no such thing has ever existed, nor have I ever, the' 
frequently solicited, been able to persuade myself to sit to any painter. 

We are here in great confusion, one change succeeding another in the 
ministry continually, taxes high, the revenue deicient, and our funds and 
finances in the most deplorable state. America, I hope, will prosper. This 
may be of more consequence to mankind than the prosperity of Britain. 
With great respect I am, Sir, Your obliged and very 
obedient and humble servant. 
To Dr. Styles, Rich". Price. 

Yale College 

[Endorsed by Dr. Stiles j 

« Re'd Apr. 28, 1784." 

Berry. (Suffolk Co. Deeds. xxxiii.-6). Lazaniti Osman and wife Garthred, 
Thos. Watera, mariner, and wife Huldah, Abigail Cooper, wife and atty. to Edward 
Cooper, Mary Smith, widow, for herself and as atiy. to her bro. .John Berr\', of 
Salem, oijnvt-y to Alex'' Miil'T land and dw-h : formerly belonging to their deceased 
father, Oliver Ben-y, '2d January, 1717-18.' ii. F. Waters, 

1875.] Judges of Prohate, J\Jiddlcscx County, Mass. CI 



Ey the Hon. "William A. RiCHAiinsox, LL.D., TVasliinston, D.C. 

The following is an extract from Judge Iviuli:u-d.sun's letter aocoaipanyinrr this valan- 
blc paper: "■ The following account of the first niue jud/e- of probate for tlio 
county of Middlesex was mot^tly prepared by mc more than three years ago, when 
it was my intention to extend still further ny reeearches oonocrning the lives and 
familie.- of these public otHceriS. But the pressure pf other engagements and ub- 
eenee from the commonwealth most of the time since have prevcntdl me froiu 
gathering any further information. The account is correct, I think, aa far as it 
goef." A list of the.-e judges was published in the Historical and Cjeneai-ogical 
Reoistkr, sxy. page 123. — [Editor.] 


I^rcST judo^e of i^robate for Middlesex ; bominChai-lestown,]Mas3., 
October ^4, A. D. 1C40; appointed June 18, 1(592; judge of 
the court of common plea? for the same county from December 7, 
1G92, to 1707 ; one of the deputies from Charlestown to the general 
court; and one of the assistants and the treasurer of the colony from 
1G50 to 1685, when, on being again elected treasurer, he declined,* 
but remained an assistant another year. He Avas one of the council 
of safety at the deposition of Governor Andros, and vras named one 
of the council under the new charter. From 1692 to 1708, both in- 
clusive, he was one of the governor's council. 

A slab in the burying-ground in Charlestown slill standing has 
upon it the following inscription to his memory, in ancient ortho- 
graphy : 

" Here lies interred the body of James Russell, Esqr., son of RIc/iard 
Russell and Maud his wife, who was bora in this town October 4, ItMU, 
and was elected Counsellor for the Colony in the year 16S0. He was an- 
nually chosen, saving in those few years of the reign of King James when 
the people were deijnved of that privilege. He also served God and his 
Country in many other eminent stations as a Treasurer, a Judge and m 
other i)l;'.ces of the greatest trust, all which he discharged as becoines a 
faithful .--teward. He exchanged Earth for Heaven on Thursday Aprd 28, 
17U'J." . 

' Mr. Ru-^eil was re-chosen treasurer of the Massachusetts colony May 27, 16So, and is 
rccor.ic.l ;'..s h.ivm- lakrn his oatli ; but in the rcv:ords under Aui:. 1'-, ^vc tind this entry : 
" J.iiiif^ ]l;;"cll, Evp, I'crninly Tfcnsurcr, Lauin-- refused to accept of that service for this 
present ytare, notwt^standin:; the Court orders & "desires tliat he iooke after tlic countryos 
dned fur tlie pre.-cnt, ^ that he issue out warrants for tlu^ yearcsassesscments, .accordinir to 
law, and they will take care fur a new Treasurer iit their sessions in October next. It is 
ordLTcd tl:at'tlie secretary- issue out his vran-ants to the resptctive touncs tliat the freeman 
make chojce of a meete person to be present at October Court to serve instead of the pre- 
sent Tre.i-urer. Wairants is';ucd out aecordinglv." 

It icjuis that Capt. John Phdiips was ciiosen by the freemen, as at the October session, 
it is recorded tliat he had on the 21^t of that month " :riven in his fyimll answer, & refused to 
accept the coniitr].-' ohovcc fur >''Trca-urer." The same day. s^anuid Xuwcll, E^q., 
wad appointed tr-'ruurer'tv the Court. See ^Massachusetts Colony Records, v. 4:75, •i'-'9, 50.5. 

J. W. D. 


62 Judges of ProhatCy Middlesex Couyity, Mass. [Jnn. 

^ Second judge of probate, appointed October 23, 1702, and con- 
tinued in office till 1708. A grandson of Governor Leverctt, he ^vas 
born in Boston Aug. 25, 1GG2 ; gi-aduatcd at Harvard College in IPSO ; 
studied divinity, and received from the college the degree of bachelor 
of {.beology in lGi,i2, at the same time \ni\\ "WiUiam Brattle; and 
tlicj -vvere the only persons upon v.hom that degree ^vas ever conferred 
by the college until the year 1870. Aftcr^prcaching for a time, 
be studied law ; was a fellow of tlie Koyal Society of London ; a 
member of the corporation of the college and tutor ; judge of the 
superior court of the province, then the highest court, from 1702 to 
1708, when, on being elected president of the college, he resigned his 
two judgeships and liis office as councillor. He resided in Cambridge, 
from which place he was representative to the general com-t, and 
was speaker of the house of representatives. Subsequently he was 
a member of the governor's council, and member of the Ancient and 
Honorable Ai-tillery Company. He died very suddenly , May 3, 1724, 
at the age of ^2, while still president. 

In an address to the gi'and jury, soon after Judge Leverett's death, 
Chief-Justice Scwall saya of him, "he was one who had been au 
ornament to the bench of justices and court of probate, fuU of sweet- 
ness and candor, displayed in the government of the college, tem- 
pered by convenient severity.''* 


Third judge of probate, appointed, July 8, 1708, "in the room of 
IVIr. Leverctt, lately installed president of the college;'' continued 
in office, with all other civO officers of the government, by proclama- 
tion of the lieutenant-governor Nov. 9, 1715,* on the accession of 
Governor Burges, and reappointed Dec. 9, 1715. He remained in 
office till Sept. 30, 1725, when he asked "to be dismissed on account 
o ■' hia advanced age and gi-eat infirmities of body." He held the office 
of judge of the court of common pleas for Middlesex from 1709 to 
1719. He was one of the wardens of King's Chapel in Boston in 
the year 1689, and again in 109-4. 

jMt. Washbium, in his Judicial History of Massachusetts, p. 339, 
says of him : 

" Few memorials are left of him, but among them is the very creditable 
fact that he was decidedly opposed to the witchcraft mania that prevailed 
■in 1692, and disapproved of the proceedings against its unfortunate victims. 
He was in commission as a magistrate under Andres, and rendered his 
name somewhat famous for having issued a warrant to arrest and imprison 

1^ For his ancestry and children, see Register, iv. 134. — j. -w. d. 

- The proclamation of "William Tailor, lieutenant irovcmor of the proTince Xov 9 
1715, is pi-inted in the Bn-ton Nnrs-Letter, ^^^v. \\, 171-5. Col. Elizcus Bur^jes the ^ov- 
ei-nor, did not come to Massachusetts, thondi his commission AYas p;ihtis:ied in Bo-s^on 
Gov. Hutchinson in his History of Massachusetts Bav, ii. 212, >ays : " I know of do other 
instance of the puhlicatioa of a sovemurs's commission in the Massaohnsets Ijefore his ar- 
rival in person."— J. \r. v. 

1875.] Judges of Prolate, Middlesex County^ ^fas.?. G3 

a Mr. Winslow, vrlio broii2:lit frona Virginia a copy of the Prince of Orange's 
declarations on his landing in England." 

He was of Cambridge during the last twenty-five or tliirty years 
of bis life, and died there Dec. 31, 1727.' The name of Judge 
Francis Foxcroft is often confounded with that of his eon Francis, 
who graduated at Harvard in 1712, and who was register of probate 
in 1729 [of whom a biographical sketch will be found in tlie K agis- 
ter, viii. 171]. 


Fourth judge of probate ; appointed Sept. 30, 1725 ; died in office 
Sept. 20, 1745; born in Cambridge July 27, 1677; graduated at 
Har\'ard College in 1696 ; tutor and member of the corporation from 
1707 to 1711 ; one of the governor's council from 1730 to 1740 ; 
judo'e of the court of common pleas for Middlesex from 1715 to 
1733, and of the superior court from 1733 to 1745, when lie died. 
He resided in Cambridge. Judge Washburn, in his Judicial History, 
p. 288, justly says of him : 

" He was somewhat connected with political life and sat for some yeara 
at the council board. But less is known of him either as a judge or civi- 
lian than his merits in these relation's seem to deserve, or than there would 
have been had he mingled in the strife of party instead of faithfully pursu- 
ing the unpretending path of bis official duties." 


Fifth jtidge of probate; born in Dorchester, Mass., November, 
1696; graduated at Harvard University bachelor of arts 1715, and 
master of arts 1718 ; appointed judge of probate December 20, 
1745 ; one of the governors council from 1739 to 1774 ; judge of 
the court of common pleas for the county from 1741 till the revolu- 
tion, thus holding the three offices of judge of probate, judge of iho 
court of common pleas and councillor for more than thirty years. At 
the breaking out of the revolution he was inclined to be a loyalist, 
but his advanced age and timid disposition caused him to yield to the 
overwhelming public sentiment of the day and to give in his adhesion 
to the cause of the patriots. 

Having been appointed and sworn a mandamus councillor in 1774, 
a groat concourse of people, many thousands, assembled about the 
court-house, then in Old Cambridge, and from the steps he declared 
to tliem that " having arrived at a very advanced age and spent the 
greater part in the service of the public, it was a great mortification 
to him to find a step lately taken by him so disagreeable to his country, 
in which he conscientiously had meaned to serve them ; but finding 
their general sense against his holding a seat at the council board on 
the new establislunent, he assured them that he had resigned the said 

' The Rev. .John A. Vinton gives tlie date of his birth, Nov. 13, 16o7. See Vinton Memo- 
rial, p. 12i. — s. w. D. " . 
* for a, iiitand account of the Maudamus Ccanciilors, sec Kegisteh, sxviii. 61. — J. w. d. 

64 Judf/es of JProbate, Middlesex County, Mass. [Jan. 

office auJ would never henceforth accept or act m an}' office incon- 
eistcnt avIlIj the charter-rights of hU country;" and at the c-ame time 
he signed and dehvered the following : 

*' Although I have this day made an open declaration to a great cou- 
course of people, who assemhled at Caiahriugc, thaL I had resigned my seat 
at the oouucil ho:ti'd, yot for tlie further sutisfuction of all, I do lierehy de- 
clare under my hand, that such resignation has actually heen made and that 
it ifl my full purpose not to he in any way concerned as a memher of the 
Council, at auy time hereafter. S. DANFOiiiii." 

" Septcmher 2, 1777. 

He resided in Cambridge, and died there Oct. 27, 1777.* 


Sixth judge of probate ; a])pointcd September 6, 1775; died in 
office jMay 3, 1779 ; graduated at Harvard College in 1732, and re- 
ceived the degree of doctor of law'c) at Edinburgh in 1771, and at 
Harvard in 1773 ; professor of mathematics from 1738, and a mem- 
ber of the corporation from 17G5 to time of his death. lu 1768 
and again in 177'4 he was offered the presidency of the college, but 
each time declined the appointment. He was a member, of the 
Royal Society of London, and a valuable contributor to its transac- 
tions, for wliich he received the thanks of tlic society. In 1773 he 
was chosen one of the council of the province, but was rejected by 
royal decree. lu 1774 he was a delegate to the pro\dncial congTess, 
and in 1775 w-as again elected to the council. It wUl be seen that, 
unlike his immediate predecessor, "Winthrop was an active supporter 
of the patriotic cause. Pie was born in Boston, December 19, 1714, 
and was of the fom-th generation from John Winthrop, governor of 

President Quincy, in his History of Harvard University, ii. 223, 
217, says of him : 

* The attainments of Prof. Wintlirop were not limited to mathematical 
and phllosopldcal pursuits. His active, vigorous and comprehensive mind 
embraced within its sphere various and extensive knowledge ; and he is, 
perhaps, better entitled to the character of a universal scholar than any 
individual of his ume in this country. 

"The literary and scientiLic attainments of John "Winthrop acquired cele- 
brity in his own country, and in "Europe, and entitle him to be regarded as 
one of the brightest ornaments of Harvard CoUeire." 


Seventh judge of probate; bom in Groton, Mass., April 27, 
1731 ; graduated at Harvard College 1750 ; doctor of medicine, and 
one of the original members of the Massachusetts Medical Society : 
major and lieutenant-colonel of militia under the king ; in 1770, ap- 
pointed by the executive council of ^Massachusetts Bay brigadier- 
general of militia of I\IidtUesex, and chosen a member of the board 

* For hLi ancestry and desceudants, see Eeoisteb, vii. 319, 321. 

1875.1 Judges of Probate, ^Middlesex County, 3fass. G5 

of war ; in 1777, elected a member of the euprciae executive council ; 
in 177S, appointed third nmjor-ri'euonil of tliu luiliLia of the ctate, 
and in 17S1 second major-general, which ofKce he soon resigned ; 
town-clerk of Grotou from 17C5 to 1777. lu 1781 he was one of a 
committee "to cause to be arrested and commItte<l to jail any person 
whom he alvnild deem the safety of the Commonwealtli required to 
be restrained of his personal iil;crty or whose enlargement witliin the 
Commonwealth is dangerous t'ueveto." He was one of the original 
fellows of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and <me of 
the trustees and Ci'st president of Groton (now Lawrence) Academy. 
He was appointed judge of probate between June 10, 1779 (when 
Edmund Trowbridge was chosen by the council, but never acted and 
probably did not accept), and September 1, 1779, when it appears 
by the probate records that Prescott held his first court. I have not 
been able to find any record of his first election or appointment, be- 
cause the books at the State House seem to be imperfect as to ap- 
pointments for a short period about that time. After the adoption of 
the constitution of the commonwealth, it was thought necessary to 
app<nnt anew all civil oiiicers, and among a large number appointed, 
jNIarch 27, 1781, was Oliver Pi-escott, of Groton, as judge of pro- 
bate for ^Middlesex. He died November 17, 180-4, in Groton. 

ja:mes ppvEscott, 

Eighth judge of probate ; born in Groton, ]Mass., April 19, 17GG ; 
graduated at Harvard University bachelor of arts 1788, and master 
of -dvts 1791 ; a lavvv'er by profession, and practised ten years in 
Westford and subsequently in Groton. He v/as appointed judge of 
probate February 1, 1805, and was impeached by the house of re- 
presentatives before the senate for malpractices in office, and after a 
long trial before that court of impeachment, in which he was de- 
fender! by Daniel ^vVebster, he v\'as found guiUy and deposed from 
office, Apiil, 1821. 

From a careful examination of the report of the trial, and from 
conversations with men prominent in that day, who knew well the 
accusers and the accused, and had been familiar with the public, politi- 
cal and p,rivate opinions prevailing in the county at that time, many 
of whom were still living in 1840, when I Avas admitted to the bar, 
and were jct in active life, I am satisfied that Judge Prescott wa,? 
dcposeil, not for really corrupt pi-actices, nor for intentional and wil- 
ful malfeasance in office, but for personal and political considerations 
not apparent upon the record. He had become obnoxious to leading 
men on accoimt of his politics, and unpopular with the public by 
reason of his irritable temper and other causes. The system then 
existing, of paying the judges by fees (the worst system ever devised 
for paying any public officers and especially judicial officers) , and 
the abuses Vvdiich naturally and everywhere grew out of it, together 
with some customs of doing business in the probate courts vvhich were 

VOL. XXIX. 6* 

66 Judges of Prolate, ^Middlesex County, JSIass. [Jan. 

practised probably in all the counties, really for the convenience of 
the people, but Avliicli had not the warrant of express provi.^ions of 
statute, gave the enemies of Judge Preseott opportunities of finding 
technical eases of violation of law on liis part, wJiich in the opinion 
of a nipjority of tlio senate vrcre legally sufHcicnt to justify his re- 
moval. Almost immediately after this trial the fee system was 
abandoned in Massachusetts, and judges have ever since been paid 
by fixed salaries. 
' He died in Groton, October 14, 1829. 

SA:\nJEL p. 1'. FAY, 

Ninth judge of probate; bora in Concord, [Mass., January ]0, 
1778 ; gi-aduated at Harvard University bachelor of arts 1798, and 
master of arts 1801 : one of the overseers of the college from 1824 
to 1852. On leaving college he studied law, but receiving a cap- 
tain's commission in the American ai-my, raised on account of the 
French hostilities, he joined General Hamilton's forces at Oxford in 
1799. The hostilities having shortly afterv/ard ended, he returned 
to his studies, and, upon being admitted to the bar, settled in the 
practice of his profession, in Cambridge, lie was a member of the 
Massachusetts house of representatives from 1808 to 1813, and from 
1815 to 1819, when he was also chosen a member of the governor's 
coimcil. He was again a member of the coimcil the next year, 1819- 
20, and of the house of representatives 1820-21, where he was one 
of the managers of the impeachment of Judge Preseott. 

Upon the organization of the city government of Cambridge in 
184G, he was chosen one of the members of the board of aldermen 
for that year. 

He was appointed judge of probate May 9, 1821 : resigned April, 
1, 1856 ; and died in Cambridge May 18, of the same year. 


The following list of the hh-tlis of the cliildren of this clergj'man is copied 
from the Essex court files at Salem, Mass. : 

1C27 2" G'^ John TV'alton Sonne of W" Walton & Elizabeth. 
1629 8"° 27** EHzabeth Walton borne at Seaton in Devon. 
1C32 2°^ 2G'' ^Martha " '•' " " « " 

1G36 1«» 3<^ Nathaniel " '• " Hinj^ham in New En. 

- 1639 4°* o^ Samuel " « " Marlle Head. 

1641 10"° 20'i Josiah « " " " 

1644 3"° 14*^ Marie " « « « 

It will be found in vol. i. p. C9. H. E. waite. 

Wesf: Xevston, Mass. 

1875.] Rccord-Booh of the First Church in Charlestoicn. 67 


D ! 


13 ' 



11 1 











26 I 


(Continued from xxviil, page 4;;0.) 
Baptized — Page 273 — 


Twins of Joshuu & IMoliitabel 

Sarah. D: of Nath: & Thankfiill 

Elira: \ 

Jofiiui \ 

N:.i]i': ?oa of Xath' & Ilnnua 

Eliza: D: of Ellas & Abigail 

Sarah wife of Xathaniel 

Catharine D: of Theojihilus & Catharine 

Ruth D: of Robert & lluth 

Samuel > r^^^^ q£ j^^gg ^ Hannah 

Alary ) 

WiUiam S: of "W"^ (j"n') & Miiry 

Abigail D:of W"" & Mary 

Eliz: D: of Eleazer & Mary 

Joieph } ^^^^ ^j Edward & Eliz: 

Benj ^ 

Anne D: of Caleb & Anne 

Kebekah wife of ^\'"' 

[Thomas S: of Robert & Margaret 

198 Baptized — Page 276 — 

[Pages 274 and 275 are omitted in numbering; 
276 ami the Record follows on the reverse of page 
273. The Record is unbroken, but one leaf seems 
to have been torn out between page 272 and 273.] 

D ! 

26 ;Ruth D: of John & Ruth _ _ _ 

'Judirh D: of Joseph (Sc Judith — — — 

{Maiv D: of Richard & Mary _ _ _ 

5.\V"S:ofW-& _ _ _ 

Anthony S: of Riehai-d & Jlargaret — — 

19 ! William S. of W" & Hannah — — — 

26 i^Larv Webber "] ^,7. a a^ n — — 
lo r' rn \ these 4, Adult 

buianna tlovce I "- . ^i — — 
■u u i> i' 1 r iQ another 

Hannah Berestord I i i ■^. n — — 
kr /-'I handwritinfj] 

piercy Cioyce J °-' — — 

I Johanna B of Edward & Mary — — 


2 ISufanna D of George & Rebekah — — 

23 .Patience (wife of James) — — 

jEIizabeth (wife of Edward) — — 

{Samuel S: of nv Jonath i m" Eliz — — 

jElizabeih D. of Jacob i<c EUz: — — 

8 • Jsaac son of Jsaac & ^Mary — — 

jMary d : of Jsaac & ilary — — 

15 Jonathan S: of Thomas ik Sarah — — 

21 lElizabeth Crowch (an adult p'lbn) — — 




16199 ! Baptized — Page 277 — 

D James son of James 

28 John S. of s^ James 
I Samuel S of Robert 
'Jonathan sou of John & Sarah 
lAcphiLis D: of William & Hanna 
ll'VHuldah D. 01 Jori'ph& 



btone — 









25 .Jfaiic :on of Jlaac 6c Anna 








I Cloyce. 












I Crowch. 



Scot — 





G8 Record-Book of the First Church in Charle.stoicn. [Jan, 






— Page 277 {Concluded). — 

^[ary D: of Samuel & Sarah — 

James S. of James & P.itionco — 

Jolepli s of James esc Tatii'tipe — 

Jlaac s of Jfaac (jun') .S: llel/ekali — 

Eliz: D: of m' Jii\ & m" AbiyuU _ 

Ma-y D. of V.'illiaui & Mary' — 
Thomas Son of m' Jo:^c];>h & m" Elizabeth 
Elizabeth D: of m' Samuel cS: m^ Ehzabcth 

I\Iercv ( D ° i-'i^'iird & Elizabeth 

Elizabeth D. of Xath': & Eliz: ' — 
Jonathan S. of Jonathan & Sufannah 

Elizabeth (wife of Thoma.-;) — 

Ehz: (D of isath', & EUzabeth) — 


■of Thomas (&Eliz:) 


1699 Baptized —Page 278 

D I Thomas 1 

jEdward Sons 


lElizabeth Dgh' J 

iSamuel S ? ^ o i /o tt l-^ 
I Sarah. D \ °^ Samuel (6c Hannah) 

I Joseph s. of m' Jacob (& m" IMary) 
Katharine D. of m' Jose;)h (& m" Kath: 
William S of Elifha (& Marv) 
Abirrail D. of m' Sam" (& m" Kath:) 
Mar> D. of Thomas & Eliz:) 
■ Anne J> of m' Richard (6c m" Parael) 
! Elizabeth March — 

J Elizabeth Avis — 

26 jjlichael (S of m' Michael & Relief) 
11" jMary (D of Joseph & Xaomi) 
24^^ lAnna (I) of Stephen & ^larv) 

iMary (D of George & ilary) 
31 j Samuel S of m' John ju' cS: Mary 






Pa2;e 279 — 




I ^ ■ 

7 jEd^rard S of John & HaHa 

'Sui?.nna D of Samuel & Sufan: 
14 jAnne D. of John & Dorothy 

I Sarah D: of John & Sarah 
4 Rebekah D of Nath' & Thankful! 
18 ;Josoph_S. of Andrcvf & 

:Benjam S. of James & Patience 

Tvebokah D. of Eben", & Rebeh: 

:Rebekim D of AV" & Ih'fthor 
26. 'Edwai-d S: of Tho: & Elizabeth 

iHannah I) of Daniel &: Ilanmdi 
l^ 'Anne D of Caleb & Anne 
10 Mary -wife of Thomas 

jThomas S. of Tho: (Sc Mary 

jMary D of Tho: iv iLary 

■Anna D: of Oliver & Anna 
17 Benjamin S. of John & ]\[ehitabel 

Joseph S. of Joseph & Mary 
31 Sarah D of m' Kicholaus ^\- m" Dorothy 
7^^ Solomon 8 of Jofeph .Sc ^[ary 
14 .Sarah D of Sam" \ Prilcilla 










i Howard 

















»#»<:#- ^^..*~-jr^».jt4L *A/fi^ <t»^.»*-^ * ...;:^'£i!:sf»— 


As^ . 




.^'aci-^ Anri). 




i^se-\_^^^ --^— — ^ ^rri ^ 

/7 (h.^'^^irf^n ^/ Qv^ik/^n ^ 




7. ^'-^^v, ^ 

Vf ^ 

dJ- liiA^tt^ 


Jt'^n^ vh^^, 


10 p 




— ^&Uhct 

1875.] Record-Dooh of the First Church in Charlestown. 
















Baptized — Tage 280 — 

i RoLert S of m' Robert & Katharine 
I A [aw i) of SetU & Sarah 
I.Tohn S of Jfuao & :.L.r\ 
Siifanna D of m' Joun i>c Rtifanna 






Ch.'irlis S of Charles ^ Elizabeth — — 

2;3 |i>,i;'lfl S of Edward c^ Klizaheth — — 

lilt (William S. of John & Ruth . , — — 

7*^ !Ed\var.l S. of Buujamin & EUzabeLl-' — — 
14 ^Villiam ) 

& V Twins of Benjamin & Anna — 

Elizabeth ) 

21 I Samuel S of m' Jonathan & m" Elizabeth — 

lE^thcr 1) of Thomas & Esther — — 

Snrali D. of Abraham ^ Sarah — — 

28 iJohu S of Ste[)hen &: JIar>raret — — 

n'-^Llonathan S of Thomas & Elizabeth — — 

Lfohn S of John & Anna — — 

jSarahD of David — — 

18 lAbi::ail I) of Jn" & Sarah — — 
2.j i.Johu S of John & Anne [*Baber?] 

l" j.Jnfeph S of Ralph & Anna — — 

!:N[arv D of Jr;:ncs & Katharine — — 

2a IJojeph S of John & :Nrary — — 

iRebeka D of ^V'^ & Hannah — — 

D I — Page 281 — 

27'^ iDavid S of Samuel & Lydia — 

3 hViUiam S. of Thomas & Hephzibah — 

24"* Geor-e S of John 5: _ _ 

•Joanna D of m'' Samuel (& Joanna) — — 

Sarah D of iNliehael (&: Joanna) — — 

Aunah D of William (.^- Annah) — — 

•22. Nathaniel S. of Robert & Ruth — — 

Sarah D. of Elias 6: Abigail — — 

00 Annah T> of Jacob & Ehzabeth — — 

5 lAnnali D of Xathaniel Sc Annah — — 

12 lAnne D of Richard ^ INIary BoyKtone — 

19 plar^aret D of Richard & Margaret — — 
iNlarv D of Nath' & xVnna " . — — 

2 i JohA S of TT" & Perf is Rand — — 

9 jllcnry S of m' Thomas (& Prudence) — 

iEhzal)eth D of m' :N'arhaniel (k Dorothv) — 

I Abigail D of John (& Marv) — — 

iRaehel D of Andrew &: Abiizail — — 

23 jphiKp S of Andrew & Abigiiil — — 

Francis S of M" Francis & Prudence Dole — 



I Anna D of Samuel & Siirali Auftin 
lAbigail D of W"' & Abigail Smith 











































Koie.—Thn inardns of parrcs 273 to 2S2 in the Hecord-Book are cat, >.o that a little of 
the MS. is lost, ana are mcudud with strips of tliin paper pusted upon tliem. 

Note.— TLc Rt:cistkr, ;mt)li5!icd January, 1S72, contained a pbotolithocrapliic fac-siraile 
of Elder Gnj.;-iiV wTitni'x {ii;32-.58), sliowinix one of tlic olde^t paq;es of Eccle-ia^tical Itocord 
in this country, and also of the Rev. Thom~as Sliepard's form of entry, l.'Cj;mning Jan. iC6*. 

This Xunilior of the Rf.gistfh contains siniiUir representations of the Rev. Zcchariali 
Svmmes's writinic (pastor 1G3-1-71'>. M'ho made records from the death of Eklcr Green in 
16,58 unnl the l»".k came into the' hands of Mr. Shop.ard, Sen. ; also, more of the larter's 
tvriting; mid tlic R -v. Ciiarks Morton's (pastor 16S6-9b), who kept the book from the time 
of Mr.'Shep.ird, Jr., mitil that.-f rho Rev. Siniun linulstroet, a copy of whose first entry fol- 
lows. These fic-similes show the styles of writing that appear in the Record during the first 
century it was kept. 

70 Record-Booh of the First Ch tirch hi Charlestoion . [Jan . 

M f D 

17 01 
Maj 11 











— Page 282 — 

Eleaziir S. of Eloazar & iNFarv Do\v3 — — 
Rebekah D of Natlianlel & TliankfuU Wilfon. 
SauiUL'I S of Tiioiaas 6: Maiy Fuldick — — 
Margarit D of Tho:& Mabel Sheppy — — 

Edward r ^ ^^ Jo^^^ ^^ Grace Eads — — 

Anna D of Nathaniel & Anna Lord — ~ 

■William Kucy. (adiilt) 

Theopliilus S of Tlieopb: & Catharine Jvory 
Nathan'. S of Nath' & Anna Lord — — 

John S of I^richael & Relief Gill _ _ 

Anuah D of John ^' Sarah ^\'Ilitamore — — 
Aniiah D of Stephen & Mary Kidder — — 
Abiol D. of Jo.seph & _ _ 

iMaiy D of W" Story (jun') & Mary — _ 
Jofeph S of Jofoph & Katharine Everton — 
Kanaah D of \\'1 & Hannah Hurry — — 

Elizabeth D of John & Grace Eades — — 
Samuel S of Edward & :\Laiy Larkin — — 

Richard S of Jn° & Annah -- 

Anne D of Jonathan & Sarah ffomick — — 
John S of Nathaniel & Elizalieth Webber — 
Efther D of Thomas & Euher ffrothincrham — 
Sar;m D of m^ Richard & Parnel ffoster — — 


— Page 283 — 

Bi^5^ftn^■~^!i^^'^°l^^ PPI^'-'^'^S? ™^'-^ '^ *^'3 ^o"'^' ^^e on pa-es 283-2S7, both inclu- 
16 f7m r^tw'^r ^^' "'"o^^r-. ^^''^'^'^ -^'"'■^'^''- The Et-cord or- Baptisms, ceasing Nov. 
16, i /Ol, at the foot o. page 2b2, is resumed at the top of page 2J1, Nov. 30, 1701.] 

Names of psons Married by me Cli: Morton 
at Charles Town. 


























16 88 

gave an ExhortacGn at y ' marriage of Dan : smiths 
Negro Mingo & m' Soley Negro JM- Graves 
Married them.| y' Like" Exhort: -iven at m' 
Ruffels -who married a Couple. ( M*^ Walters & 
Tviddow of Boston nuuried by me Testi- 
mony of publicatina by \\uh\ "W^Lliiaras. 
Sam?on 2^.Ioore & Elizal^eth Matsom of Boston, 
I their pubhcacGu Testilyed by I'ob'. Williams 
j John Hall of Medford & Jemimah Gill of Cam- 
bridgj publ: testifyed by John Green '& John 
I Bradshaw. 

Charles Chambers & Rebecca patefield of Charles 
Town. Their publicacun testifyed by Andi-ew 
Belcher & John patefield 

12 'Cap*. Ephraim Savage of Bofton & Elizabeth) 
j Sinims Widdow of Charles Town, Their pub- 'v- 

! hcation Teftifyed by Robert Williams \ 

12 : Samuel Matrock of Bofton, & Ann :\[archDau^h-. 
t-r to y' ■^Viddow Daduy of Charles Town, ' 
Thcb pubiicacoa Teitiived by Robert Wil- 
I hams. 






\ 1875.] Jlecord-Book of the First Church in Charhstovin, 71 



~ Page 283 {Concluded^. — 

Robert price & Haun.ili Chanler both of Bof- ^ 
ton, Tlieir publication Testifycd by Kobert \- 
Williams. y 

Juiiu Teiiuuy & Sarah Atkins both of Bofton] > 
their publication Testifycd by Kobert Williams | 



Pajre 284 • 




















David Jennour & Mabel Paiffell both of Charles'^ 

ToAvn; publication Testifyed by James Ruf- S 

fell Efq' j 

Robert wicr & Elizabeth D. of John fowie both' 

of Charles Town; publication Testifyed by' 

John fowie ' 

William ffrost of Newton Bufhel in Devon Jn^ 

England 8: Efther [?] Loe [?] of Charles 

tovru publifhed at Cliarlcs Town ' 

John Georg & Hilary y° Daughter of John Lowden ^. 

Deceased, pubhshed at Charlestown 
John Ketle Jun: & Abigail Daughter of Richard ' 

Austin both of Charles Town & publi?bcd there 
Benjamin pierce & Mary Read both of AVouburn ' 

& publifhed there were this Day married by ! 

by me at Charles Town ' 

Joseph jNIaylem of Bofton & Hannah D. of wid- '' 

dow ELing of Charles Town 
Edward Larkin & Mary Walker both of Charles ' 

Xathaoiell Brigden & Eliz : Wauf both of Charles ' 

Jofhua Let & Mary Engs both of Bofton — ' 
Georg Townsend & Rebecca Coudrey of C T — 









Edward Thomas & Elizabeth Winslow both of 

Nathaniel Bachelor of Hamton & 

Elizabeth Bathelour 
Knill vid of Carles Town 

montli Day 


Married — Page 285 — 

Richard Martyn & Edmonds Yid both of |^ 

C T.- pu1)Ufhed at Charles Town ) 

Barnabas Cooke & Goodwin both of Cam- ) 

bridg pubUf bed at Cambridg, Testifycd by [ 
Chriltopher Goodwin ' " ) 





Joseph Austin & Elizabeth pits both of Charles-") 
town (being y' next day after y' pubhcation > 
of an Act to Jmpower minifters to marry) ) 

John Crawford of Liverpool in LancaOuer in "1 
England be longing to y" London mercht of 

W^^ James Thomas is master & Mary Al- 

ford widdow of Charles Town pubhcacOn 

Testifycd by Mary mold & Jame Miller. 



72 Record-JBoohof the First Qhv.rclt in Charlestoii'vi. [Jan. 







— Page 285 (CondndccT). — 

'•^olin Eclifk Schoolmaster Chebacca (alias fTji'-) ' 

wich farms) & Ivlarv Pioir.tinn ol' Cambrul;^ 1^ jEvelitli 
farmos — pal.licncOn Tc-stifvi'd \,y Divers j);ont ) I 

Robert Ward of VoUall in fiv'.a'.i'l boLoin'ir'-^ to-v | 
y" Xone.suoh frii;at; Ami 3fnr;iarct itcacliic of ' 
Ciiaric*, puWi.MtKvo 'J'c<tifycd by Eli:i!?{ 
Stone & othors jrt^onl: — G ^ I 

Tbo'iia? S-^uu of liockf-liiiry & prudence Wade") | 
of I\ledt'ord Testiiyed by many p'sent at ]MIs- >- jSwan 
tick 5 ' ) j 

Thomas Fiarbcr & y' Tviddov/ Ilanua Stedman) ; 
both of Chailos Tov/n Tc.-tifyed by Jonathan y Barber 
Gary & Jacob Hurd o } I 

William Crush. & EHzalioth Gold -tvid'low, both^ i 
of Woobuni, pubLilhud accunliny to Law as r Brufli 
Testifycd by E[i]ii'ain\ Bu<-k Constal;lo 3 ) i 
ijonathau iHmster iNb Dchora Wade both of ) [ 

I pullifhed acconlinj: to Law, as Tcstityed by V Dimster 
I divers p'sent at iP'Wades of Mcdiord 3 ) j 
(jeoro; Xewby &Elizabcl.h fox, both of Boftou) ; 
puBlifhod accord: to Law — Testifyed hy Eob: > iXewby. 
Wiuiams. iJ y | 

Ijcuiamin Gciu-y .Sc xlbioiail Goold both of Charles i 

publication Testi- f Sannicl & marv Lomen 7 '/-.r • t 
fyed by \ Daniel & Sai-ah Lawrence 1 1 ^L=^'^^i°J 

1693. — Page 286 — 

July 3. Can-ied in to M' Sami^el plups y' 10 weddings precedent 
to have thorn Registered — & pd — 2'. C '. 


I ■ n 











21 jEleazer Dous f; Mary Edmonds both of Charles- ) j 
■ town publ: according to Law, Tes'. Cajj'. V j 

Sprague &3 ) 

24 Ijoseph Son of Joseph Richcson — & Mary D. of . j 
Samuel Blockhead — Both of W'oborn. — Then* ,' ' 


Legall pubiicacon Testifyed by Jo. iah parker C \ 
& John CoL'an ^ \ 


John Edmond* & Sar:ui D. of John Blaney both } 

:- Etknonds 


of Charles ToAvn — Testifyed by Divers p'sent ) 
Archibald I\Iacqucrry of Lafine in Scotland icx 
S:;r-.di D. of Riihard Lowdenof Chai'les Town ' 
— Legull publicnlion Testifyed by Richard. ( 
y° s'^ Sarahs father (ol ' ^ 

Xathanael frrthirigham & Hannah Rand both of) j 

Charles Town — publication Testifyed by pa- > ifrothingh* 
rent? presi-'Ct ) j 

Samuel Kcile \' ^lary frothiuLdiam widJo\7 bcth ) j 
I of Charles Town — jiubUcaeGn teftiiy' by manv - Ivettle. 
i p^*ont " ' ' ^ ! 

11 jCamed ia to ^.P Samuel phips for Regifrra the 
j sbc weddings above mentioned, pd 1' C' 

May I 24 jWii'iafa WeL>ted. & Katharine Long of^[,^,,^^, 
j I Charles Town, Tvstlfyed by Divers pvcscat 0)1 ''^^-^^ 
[To be continued.] 

1875.] The Old English Church in Canton, Mass. 73 


I3y U. T. V. HiTi-rooK. 

r|"^lIE liousc which was consumed by fire in Canton on Sunday 
X morning, September 13, 1874, possessed a history totally dif- 
ferent in its aspect and bearings from any other building in the 
town. Its history was almost complete a hundred years ago ; its 
work was nearly accuuiplishcd before the breaking out of the revo- 
lutionary war ; and when that great political storm arose, the first 
mutterings of which were heard within the walls of " Doty's Tavern," 
growing in strength as it proceeded, it swept across the country like 
a tornado and overthrew in its irresistible progress very many of the 
early episcopal churches then existing in the country. The Canton 
(theu Sroughton) church was among the first to fall. The reasons 
for its <lisniemberment were twofold : first, its own inherent wcak- 
iiCcS ; ^^.;cundIy, the unwillingness of most of its members to approve 
the po[)uiar Tucasurcs taken by the mass of the inhabitants to pro- 
cure a separation from the mother country. In other words, they 
were tories. Of course this assertion does not apply to all. There 
viGVQ individual members of the episcopal church in Xew-England 
who were bold and outspoken in the cause of independence ; but the 
communicants, as a body, deemed their* allegiance to Great Britain as 
paramount to any other political considerations. In this they were 
a peculiar people. No other sect gave the patriots of the re%'olatioQ 
fio much trouble, as " the church " people, and in no denomination 
were there so many tories. 

Nevertheless, old things have passed away; old prejudices have 
worn ofi : and it is pleasant to recall some facts connected with the 
past, long after the heat of the controversy, and the battle, is over. 
'J. he animusities of our great-grandfathers and great-grandmothers 
are buried with the dust that covers them. Our ancestors w-ere the 
victors, we can afford to be generous. The dutiful servants of the 
king v.ere in many cases driven from their homes and firesides, and 
gought in some more congenial clime, a refuge, where their opiniona 
would be respected, and their past sufferings looked upon with ten- 
derness and sympathy. The relics they have left behind them in the 
county of Norfolk are few. Sometimes we see an old house, whose 
funiu'T ow-ner was reputed a tory. Marvellous stories are told of the 
number of guns he had, and the desperate resistance he made wlicn 
he was arrested and conveyed to prison. But the old church is the 
central point of interest. 

The Taunton old road passes Doty's Tavern, where the first Suffolk 
county congress was held a century ago, crosses Doty's Plain, and 
ascends Cherry Hill, on the top of whichj wirhin the memory of 


74 The Old English Church in Cajiton, Mass. [Jan. 

many of us, stood Cherry Tavern. A few rods further on it crossea 
at riglit angles the nortlicrly hnc of the reservation of six tliousand 
acres procured by the Kcv. John Eliot from the town of Dorchcf^ter 
for the Ponkipo- Indians. The road soon after enters the village 
of Ponkipog, which remains to-day almost as it did at the time of 
v,-hieh we are writing : one or two houses ha^'C been built, and one 
or two have tumbled or been pulled down ; but tiie number of build- 
ings and the population remain substantially the same. 

The liedman Farm, upon which the first white child in Stoughton 
was born, has changed more than any other spot. The present~'j)ro- 
prietor, the Hon. Henry L. Pierce, has beautified and adonied the 
old ''Ponkipog Hotel," cultivated and enriched the adjacent fields, and 
now it is one of the most charming retreats in all the county. Here we 
take the right hand road, and in a short time v/e see on a side-hill a 
deserted burying ground. It is very small ; not more than fifty or 
sixty feet on the road, and it runs back to the brow of the hill. You 
open the iron gate, enter, and stand witlun the enclosure known as 
the English churchyard. The path, if path there ever was, has long 
since been choked with weeds, and the nink grass grows in profu° 
eion over the graves. The stones are half covered with ivy and 
creeping vines, and you discern through moss-covered letters the 
well-known names of those who w ere once connected with the busy 
life of our old town. 

One portion of this lot has been in use, or, as the old record has 
it, "improved for a binying ground," much longer than the rest. 
For nearly fifty years before the part nearest the public way was 
deeded as a site for the church, the back part, or the portion nearest 
the brow of the hill, had been owned by certain proprietors, havino- 
no connection -with the Church of England. Persons were interred 
here as early as 1710, and we have every reason to believe that it 
is the oldest place of burial in Canton. When the Church people 
ca lie into possession of the adjoining lot, the two grave yards were 
merged, and hence here sleep side by side patriots and to'ries ; there 
is no divasion now. The staunch patriot Captain ^YiUiam Bent, 
long proprietor of the " Eagle Inn," who much to the wonder of his 
astonished family, would finish his dinner before girdin"- on his 
sword, reposes in the same yard with Edward Taylor, the notorious 
and loud-mouthed tory of Ponkipog. The good old deacon of 
Dunbar's chiurch lies near the wai-den of the English church. Here 
is an old stone which has fallen to pieces, and some kindly hand has 
set it up against the wall. It bears the old familiar name of Puffer. 
Herein the northeast corner is a rough stone with no inscription, and 
not far away is a monument of modern manufacture with this inscription : 
" Near this spot lie the remains of Samuel Spare and wife who came 
from Devonshire, England, in 1735, and was tlie first settler of this name 
knovrn in Nep^-England. He was active in the church formerly near this 
lot. He died July b, 1768, aged 85 years." 

1875.] The Old English Church in Canton, Mass. 75 

At the back part of the enclosure, near the crest of the hill, there 
is a slight depros.sion, ^vhcre apparently no graves have been made, 
and tradition points to this as the exact spot where stood " y' Eng- 
litilie Church." 

The attempt to gather an Episcopal Church in Canton uas 
underlak-n by tlic Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in 
Foreign Parts. The work was of a missionary nature. The Kever- 
end Timothy Cutler, tlie firstrector of Christ Churcli, Boston, was an 
authorized missionary of this society above mentioned, and he was 
indefatigable in his exertions to buiki up churches throughout ]\las- 
eachusetts. Among others, the sister church, St. Paul's, then 
known as Christ church, Dedham, was founded by him in 1758. 
ISlr. Cutler preached in Canton ; and the tradition, erroneous though 
it })C, tliat the fee-simple of the land on which the church stood was 
formerly in possession of Christ church, Boston, would go far to 
establish the fact of Mr. Cutler's early connection with the enterprise. 

On April 22, 1754, a good pious soul, Jonathan Kenny by name, 
of Stoughton, " In consideration of promoting the honor of Almighty 
Gud, and in the interest of the Chm'ch of England as by law estab- 
li-licd, pnd for the better accommodation of tlie professors of that 
holy religion," deeded to the '' Society for the Propagation of the 
Gospel in Foreign Parts incorporated by a royal charter and to their 
euccessors for ever," the plat of ground upon which the church for- 
merly stood, to be used " for a situation for a church for the v.'orship 
of God according t.) the laws and usages of the Church of England 
by law established," and ''for a cemetery, or burying-place for the 
dead." This deed was signed and sealed in the presence of Eben- 
ezer Miller, inter alios, which leads us to believe that, whatever 
advice or encouragement Dr. Cutler might have given, far greater 
credit belongs to the Eev. Ebenezer Miller, D.D., of Braintree, 
who, if not the framer and designer of the work, supplemented and 
encouraged it ; and diuring his life was its warm and zealous friend, 
aiding it. by his wise counsels, and defending it with his -s-igorous and 
powerful logic from the assaults of its enemies and the machinations 
of its foes. 

The building of the church was begun soon after the passing 
of the deed of the land, and was probably completed about 1755. 
Previous to its erection, the Church people who desired to worship 
Go<l in their own way, were obliged to go over rough roads either 
to Boston or Quincy ; thereby making 'themselves liaide to arrest 
by the tithlngman. for going to a meeting "not allowed by law." 

Dr. Ebenezer ^liller was the second son of Samuel Miller, of 
!Milton. lie was born on Milton Hill in 1703, was fitted for col- 
lege by the Rev. Peter Thatcher, the good old parson of his native 
town, and graduated at Harvard College in the year 1722, 
He commenced the study of divinity immediately after leaving col- 
lege, and vras anxious to become a minister of the Clmrch of Eng- 

76 The Old English Church in Canton, Mass. [Jan. 

land. Tlic vicinity of Braiutrce (now Quincy) to liis home, gave 
liiin the advuntuges of an acquaintance with the churchmen of tiiat 
place ; and when lie saw that here, in the very spot where the first 
missionary labor in ]Massachu.5Ctt3 Bay had been commciiccd })y the 
Venerable Society, nearly a quarter of a century before, the work 
WJis l.tiling, he was easily induced by his brethren to proceed to 
England and to procure ordination, tliere being at that time no 
bishop in America. He accordingly went to England, and in due 
time was ordained as deacon, and priest, by Edmund, Lord Bi.-ljop 
of London. The same year, 1727, he received the degree of master 
of arts, and in 1747 that of doctor in theology, from the Oxford 
University. While in London he was chaplain" to the Duke of Bol- 
ton. Several members of the church in Braintree wrote to Gen. 
Nicholson, during the latter part of the year 172G, and represented 
that they had met with many hardships from their independent 
neighbors and from tlie government. They desire that the liev. 
Mr. Mdlcr maybe sent over as soon as possible, and, until he comes, 
they see no prospect of relief from their sufferings. They say ''lla 
is well beloved in these i)arts, and they belie\e that if he will come 
back to them, they shall have a nnmerous congregation." ]\Ir. 
Miller accordingly went to Braintree and settled there, and continued 
preaching to the people until his death, which occurred in February, 
1763. He was well educated, and well versed in the history and 
doctrines of liis Church ; and not afraid to meet, in public polemic 
discussion, Parson Dunbar of the First Church, who accused liim 
of having been sent by his superiors to ''foment disturbances" and 
"cause divisions " among the chm-ehes of Xew-England, and, " by 
promoting Episcopacy, to increase the politiccd influence of the 
crown." We have every reason to believe that Mr. ]Miller was AveU 
qualified to build up a poor and tottering church in the wilds of 
America. His death was a great loss to the Httle cono-ren-ation at 
Canton. Being geographically nearer them :han any other ordained 
clergyman, he divided his parochial labors betweeia them and the 
worshippers at Dedham, and when he died, St. Paul's also suffered. 
"He feared God and honored the King." 

After the deatii^of the Rev. Dr. iMiller, the Rev. Henry Caner, 
D.D., rector of King's Chapel, Boston, became interested in the 
Canton church. At this time the church was very small, consisting- 
of only eighteen families : but ]\Ir. Caner was so pleased with the 
appearance of the congregation, and their worth and honesty, that 
he did all in his power to assist them, and highly recommended them 
to the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, 
as deserving of its aid and compassion. 

In 1765, the number of the families in Canton in the church " pro- 
fession," amounted to about twenty, the communicants eighteen. In 
Dedham and its neighborhood, there were not more than ten families 
that belonged to the church, and only eleven communicants. Statis- 

1875.] 27^6 Old English Church in Canton, 3fass. 77 

tically, then, it would appear that the Canton mission was in advance 
of that in Dedham, 

The Rev. Edward Winslow succeeded tlic llev. Mr. jNIdlcr in 
Braintrce, and the inande of ilic laiter fell gracefully upon him. 
lie was dissatisfied at the small congreirations which greeted hiiii at 
Dedhaui and Canton on Sundays, and devised a plan by wliich lie 
could secure a good audience. He preached alternately at both 
places. The distance was not great, and the attendance, especially 
in Dedham, was mortifyingly small. He therefore advised the mem- 
bers of the two churches to unite and attend together as one congre- 
gatiou. This proposition was readily consented to, and immediately 
))ut in practice, and by this device a good congregation was obtained 
in both churches. Services were held in each place once a month, 
as lon<i" as good weather permitted ; but during the winter months 
the travelling- M'as so bad that service was entirely discontinued. 
The salary the worthy man received was barely enough to pay his 
expenses ; but he had every reason to believe that the numbers of 
the congregation would increase, and hoped that their abilities and 
di^puaitions to continue a regular service would enlarge correspond- 

In 1767, through the influence of Mr. Winslow, a lay-reader was 
procured for the two towns. This was the llev. William Clark, He 
was bornin Danvers, August 2, 1740, O. S., and received his degree 
at Harvard in 1759. His father, the Rev. Peter Clark, was a Con- 
gregatiouaiist clergyman, and young Chirk studied for the ministry 
in the same denomination. On July 19, 1767, having conformed 
to the Church of England, and become a candidate for holy orders, 
lie performed divine service in Canton for the first time, but his resi- 
dence was still in Dedham. Mr. Winslow occasionally preached. 
Mr. Clark officiated alternately in Dedham and Canton until Octo- 
ber 23, 1768, when he sailed for England. In London, December 
seventeenth, he subscribed to the articles ; the following day wa^ 
ordained to the office of deacon by the bishop of London, and on 
the twenty-first of the same month he was ordained priest. lie was 
appointed by the Venerable Society to go to Dedham : from there he 
came to Canton to reside, Xovember 29, 1770. This young gentle- 
man entered upon his labors under great difficulties. In the first place, 
he was only twenty-seven years of age ; he had recently otfered 
himself as a candidate for holy orders ; and here his first labor in 
the episcopal church was to begin. To this youth and want of ex- 
perience was added a physical infirmity. He was very deaf; so 
deaf that it was believed to be impossible to cure him. 

He came up to this work manfully. ''He bore," says one who 
knew hini, " an amiable character, both in respect to his piety and 
abilities ;" and he had need of both ; for his predecessor had left 
him as a legacy an old quarrel with Parson Dunbar, who had exhi- 
bited an unfriendly temper towards the English church, for vvhich ^Ir« 

VOL. XXIX. 7* 

78 The Old English Church in Canton, Mass. [Jan. 

"Winslow say3 he had long been remarkable. ]Mr, Danbarhad taken 
exceptions to the number ^Nlr. 'W'insluw had reported as belonging- to 
his church, and the latter was obliged to make out a certificate, and 
■with his wardens attecC the exact number of" profeosin"- las 
faith. We may believe Mr. AVinsluw when he says that '' it had 
been his endeavor to lead his members to cultivate a friendly, as 
well as cautious temper toward their dissenting neighbors, but he 
had not succeeded ; " and the burden descended on Mr. Clark. His 
people were obliged to pay rates to su[)port preaching at the congre- 
gational church, in the same proportion as if they attondod that 
worship. From one reason and another, his congregation becrnn to 
drop away. On June 24, 1771, he moved his household goods back 
to the parsonage in Dodham, but continued to preach here until t)ie 
thirteenth of December, 1772. On that day he preached what he 
supposed at the time to be his farewell sermon, but the Venerable 
Society in London disapproved of his suspending his usual attend- 
ance upon the church in Canton, and he continued to preach here 
one Sunday in a month, and, as late as 1775, administered the sac- 
rament after three years intermission. In 1773, the Canton church 
was discnnnected from the church in Dedham, and three years after, 
on the eleventh of June, 177(), it being the festival of St. Barnabas, 
the members of the Stougliton church met for the last time, and been reminded of their duties by their pastor, elected ]Mr. 
John Spare and ]Mr. Henry Crane to serve them as wardens until 
the following Laster. 

The following extracts from a letter \mtten by Mr. Clark in April, 
1774, to the society in London, will throw additional light upon the 
closing years of his work in Canton. 

" And now lam able to acquaiut the society, that I have used my utmost 
endeavor^ to briog the Stoughton people to their usual attendance on my 
ministry in the church there, according to command laid on me to attend 
my duty there. ^ I have visited several, and wrote to them all in the 
most condescending and constraining terms, otiering my services there as 
usual, if they would but attend their duty and drop all matters of conten- 
tion, though I have not received a farth'ing of their ministerial taxes for 
more than two years past. I think I might in justice have insisted on their 
making payment, but as I have never made any difference about that 
in all my converse with diat people, I have not thought it proper to be'rin 
now. ° 

" My offers above mentioned have been treated with ne-dect and con- 
tempt. Those few whoui I have represented as better disposed to peace 
and good order, yet refuse to attend in that church, as they say it drives 
greater occasion of oi%«y to tho>e without, because the schismaticaf and 
refractory behaviour of their brethren in withdrawing becomes more open 
and notorious. But they promise tliey will attend on my ministry at Ded- 
ham, a" '^"" " ■"' ■' '" 

in the 

as the 

disaffected members ? who meet together at a private house, and have set 

1875.] The Old English Church in Canton, Mass. 79 

up a Reader of tlieir own, being equally disaffected to the Rev. Mr. V/ins- 
\o\\ (whose church is next iR'arest) as to mine. 

" In a few- words then, this difference began in a dispute between two of 
my Parishioners, there b.-iiii^' tlie niis.-ippliration of atrifling sum of money, 
committed from one to the other for a j.ublio use. As 1 certaiidy knew 
which was in the wrong, I sj.oke of it with the most honest and upright 
design, in hopes my word would have put an end to the dispute (as it cer- 
tainly ought to have done), instead of that I undesignedly and quite un- 
expectedly otU'.nded the person against whom my "evidence went, who 
from that time forward, has treated me with groat abuse and malignity, and 
the first time I had opportunity to discourse with him I endeavoured 'with 
laeokness to convince him that he had been mistaken (as he is .--enerally 
known to be a very forgetful man), but he flatly gave me the Lie, and treat- 
ed me with reviling hmguage, which I pass over. 

'■'This man soon got a number to join him, and the enemies of our church 
arouiKl us, who are very numerous, were busy to foment the difference, and 
EC the contest began, and proceeded from one thing to another whirh would 
be very morritying to mention. 

"I wish never to have any thing more to say upon so disagreeable a 
subject. ° 

^^in the year 17G7 I was called to officiate among them as a Reader 
mid a candidate for Holy orders, where I continued till the middle of Octo- 
ber, 1/08, when I sailed for England, in which time I saw the great need 
they had of a resident minister,— their unanimous importunity prevailed 
j^ith me to pass by better offers. I collected money for my expenses to and, from my own little patrimonial estate, with which I paid the 
whole expense of my voyage and residence in London without a farthing's 
assistance except the Royal Bounty and one vioidure from a person nil- 
known. In London, being the winter season, I was obli-ed so stay ju^t 
live months, when, soon after my ordination, I was seized with the 'small- 
pox and brought to death's door (which was very distressing as well as 
very expensive to me). I recovered and returned home in^'june, 17C9. 
Ihe whole expense of my voyage being about £80 of my own personal 
property, and though my people received me kindly, I soon found I had all 
the malevolence of fanatical bigotry to encounter (and indeed a youn- 
man must have much courage who enters on a new mission in this country)" 
but I carefully avoided the shafts of mine enemies. But they soon found 
mtaas to warp the affections of some of my people, and laid the foundation 
T^JT^^K I S^eva'ices, in which few know how great and unjust a 
tr.tT 1 T f •°; ^^ '^'°'*' ^ ^^^ ^''^^^ s°°^e striking instances of in- 
gra udeandunkindness from those whom I had mos? obliged. I have 
contmued here now almost five years. My income is small-scarcely able to 
procure for mo the necessaries of life." ^ 

From this it appears that the closing years of Mr. Clark's mbis- 
trj were fraught with anxiety and trouble. He endeavored con- 
BCientiously to discharge his duty tlirough many hardships and trials 
Twice he came over from Dedham and found no one to join with 
him in the ser^-ice. Many a bitter cold mornin- he waited for over 
an hour alone m the church, before any one came who would unite 
with him m the exercises ; sometimes he read the service with one 
sometimes t^vo, three, or four persons, seldom more than five or six • 

80 The Old English Church in Canton, Mass. [Jan. 

and jet he lived further from the church than any of his parishion- 
ers bun he worked on, and endeavored bv frequent visits, mectin-rs 
conferences, and discourses, to heal the ditrlculties that had arisen 
but in vam. Added to the trou]>lcs uithiii his onn parish, came" the 
pohtical agitation; and many, though thoroughly respecting :^Ir 
Uark persona ly were displeased with the toryism of the Chm-oh of 
l^ngland of which he was the very embodiment and representative 
He was at heart a staunch royalist. He prayed "That God may 
open the eyes of an infatuated and deluded people before it be too 
late that they may see how nearly tlieir happiness is connected with 
a subjection to the King and Parliament of Great Britain " 

In 17/7 while xAlr. Clark Avas residing in Dedham, his affairs 
seemed to have reached a crisis. His church had been used as a 
storehouse, and his little flock scattered far and wide. His name an- 
peared on the town records as one unfriendly to the common cau/e. 
IwoJoyalist refugees about this time came to him in sore di<tre>^- 
and begged that he would inform them where thev could find a safe 
retreat. In reply to their importunities, he gave" them a letter of 
recommendation, addressed to certain parties out of the country 
± or this he was carried by force to Boston, and arraigned before the 
revolutionaiy tribunal then sitting there. He was denied the ri-ht 
ot counsel The tribunal was about to acquit him, but, before 
doing so, desired him to acknowledge the independence of America 
which he absolutely refused to do; for he says it is "contrary to 
my Kmg, my Country, and my God." For this he was condemned 
and sentenced to be confined on board the guardship. His health 
was very much impaired by this imprisonment. His voice was so 
affected that he could hardly be understood. His hearing had never 
improved from his youth forward, and this speechless and deaf old 
man, released and banished, sought in Ireland and England a refu-e 
and a home, a pitiable object of charity to all refugees whom he me't 
He returned to ^ova Scotia in 17SG, and in March, 1795, to his 
native state He died in Quincy in 1815, and is buried in the 
churcnyard there, where a monument with a Latin inscription marks 
ms final restmg place. 

Mr. Clark was the last clergyman that ever officiated at the Eno-I^h 
church m the town of Canton. For some years after his expatria- 
tion the parish organization connected with the church may have 
emouldered. Air. Joseph Aspinwall, one of the founders and stead- 
fast fnends of the church, was present at a convention of episco- 
pabans held m Boston in September, 1785, and the record shows 
that he was " deputy from Stoughton." Whether he represented a 
constituency or went of his own will, is a matter which probably 
will always remain in doubt. There are none araono- us in Canton 
to-day descended from the original church people,°who hold the 
laith of their ancestors. 

After the close of the revolution the church buildino- remained 

l^^^'] Transfer of Erin. 81 

unused for many years. It was fast rroin^r to decay; the simple 
style of its architocfurc rendered it easily convertible into a house, 
and the frame and timbers beinpr sound, it v^-as purchased by ^Ir. 
Adam Blackman in 17Sb', carried across the road into the vallcV, and 
set down by "■ Aunt Katy's r>rook," where it remained until \t was 
consumed hy fire. Verily, as the Welsh say, " It is easier to burn 
a house than to build one." 

And so the curtain drops : the old regime has passed away, the end 
of the colonial period is reached. The names of Aspinwall, Kings- 
bury, Taylor, Kenney, Spare, Curtis, Liscome, Shail and Creliore, 
are unknown among us to-day, save on the tablets of mouldering 
gravestones. ]Morc tlian a century has passed. The picturesqu? 
cocked liat has been superseded by the stove-pipe monstrosity ; the 
graceful knee breeches have given place to pantaloons. Silver shoe- 
buckles are now only found in the collection of the antiquary. The 
coins they dropped into the contribution box, stamped with the fat 
face of tlic Brunswicker, serve only to complete the' collection of the 
numismatist. The red cross of St. George has given place to the 
stars and stripes ; and, finally, in our own day, the English Church, 
changed and transformed, has gone with the rest. We see the ciiild 
at tljc font, the bride at the altar ; we see the little band of worship- 
pers, and strive to recall their faded images. From the mist of 
the past their responses sound thin and distant, as they reach us 
through th.e intervening years ; and the prayer for his '' Gracious 
Majesty George III." comes down to us in such faint whispers th?.i; 
we almost doubt whether it was ever a realicy. 



Bj Thomas C. Amosy. 
(Continaed from toI. xxviii. page 436.) 

EXTIY YIII. closed Iris feverish life and reign January 28, 1548, 
J--«- tvvo davs more than a century before his gr. gr. nephew, the 
unturtunate Charles, expiated his arbitrary- rule on the scaifold. This 
misband ot SIX wives, two of whom he murdered, left three cldldreu, 
ii-du-ard, .Mary and Elizabeth, who each in turn succeeded and died 
ciuicliess. Durin- their reigns, what remained of Irish independence 
Tirtuaily ended. The reformation confiscated the property set apart 
for religious uses, banished, tortured and hung the priests. Substi- 
tution ot English titles for ancient chieftainries, surrender of land 
and rule and go-ants back on Enghsh tenure cut oflPcoUateral heirs, 
tomented jealousies and endless war. Capable but unscrupulous 
governors, bt, Legcr, Eellmgham, Sussex, Syckey, Fitz Williams, 

S2 Transfer of Erin. [Jan. 

Grey, Perrot, Russell, Boroup:;h, Essex, jMountjoy, held successive 
sw:iy as lords lieutenant, deputies or justices. Perrot, Felton, ]Mulby, 
Drury, Xorria, Bingham, ClitFord, Care'.v, were president.^ of 
Munster, or Conuaughl. Jjellinghaia, Norris, Bagnal, coDimanded 
the forces, and other personages luore or less famous, ^lorrison, 
Ealeigh, Harvey, Xorris, Ivandolph, Zoueh and Essex took jmrt in 
military movements. It was a stirring and interesting period. Poor 
Ireland was in its last throes, and it is sari to see how often she mi2:ht 
have escaped her fate had her children been as united as they were 

Allen, ever an intriguer, to 8ui>plant or displace St. Leger, 
alleged that under his rule the pale had been neither extended 
nor strengtiiened nor the royal Avrit caused to be respected beyond 
its limits ; that the chiefs under professions of obedience had but 
grown more formidable. Leinster was not reformed. Ulster chiefs 
allowed to carry on hostilities unmolested were gradually reducing 
to their obedience the smaller septs in their neighborhood. Com- 
pacts were not enforced, — no roads constructed as stipulated, — their 
old laws and customs were retained. To which the deputy in his 
defence responded that the horsemen of the Cavanaghs and O'Con- 
nors were reduced t\i a fourth of what they were before he came, and 
that all the country of the O'Moores could not nmster as many as 
rode in daily attendance on their late chief; that tlie O'Tooles were 
utterly broken, and where, when he took charge of the government, 
no man could travel f;-ora Cashel to Limerick without a pass, or pay- 
ment of a crowTi for every pack, now nothing was paid, and sherilfs 
duly chosen executed process. An O'TooIe was sheriff of Dublin, 
the O'Bymes had one of their o-\vn. That it had been proposed 
to dispossess these septs, and likewise the Cavanaghs, but it was 
considered more prudent to conciliate them than raise a general fer- 
ment by their expulsion. Allen further insisted the Irish were faith- 
less io their promises, to which St. Leger replied that the English- 
men did not keep theirs. 

When St. Leger resumed his office^ two nephews of the late earl 
of Kildare harried the pale burning Rathanagan, but with fourteen 
other leaders they were captured and executed. Kelleys and ]Mad- 
dens were at feud, and O'Connors and O'Moores plundered Kildare. 
Edward Bellingham sent over with a thousand men as marshal, twice 
invaded Offaly and Lcix, drove the inhabitants into Connauorht, 
decla.ring their territory forfLitcd, and bad the credit of being the first 
since Henry III. to extend the pale. The chiefs held out for a year, 
bat at last surrendering were carried over by St. Leger, now re- 
called, to England. They wore taken into favor and allowed each a 
yearly pension of one hundred pounds. 0\Moorc, however, died in 
London before his stipend couid avail him, and Bellingham soon after 
appointed lord justice took possession of Lcix and Otialy. 

Dismayed at this show of power several of the chiefs laid aside the 

1875.] Iransfer of Erin. 83 

brchon laws, and jNIaguire of Fermanap^b, "wlieii O'Xell claimed him 
as his vassal, appealed to the deputy ^vllO abeolvcd him from his de- 
pendence. The O'Ncils, O'Donneld and 0"Dohcrtjs provoked at 
tliis intevference with their ancient rights, and reasonably anticipat- 
ing fiu'tlicr cnoroachnicnts, placed themselves under protection of 
Henry II. of France. Fourquevaux and Montluc were sent over 
to receive their pledges at Donegal, O'Moores, O'Bymes and 
O'Carrolls and other dispossessed Leinstcr chiefs at the same time 
entering into similar obligations. 

The deputy was prudent and active. He tore from his fireside at 
Kiimalloclv the fourteenth Desmond who would not come when 
summoned, and carried him to Dublin. The earl was compelled 
to conform his manners, apparel and behavior to his estate and 
degree, and down to his death in 1558 giving no further trouble, 
daily prayed for the good Bellingham. This governor recalled 
in 1549, and Sir Francis 13ryan who had extensive grants in Lcix 
and Ollhly, and whose wife widow of the ninth Ormond v/as daughter 
of the eleventh Desmond, and subsequently wife of the fifteenth, was 
appoiufed in his stead; but dying in February, 1550, Sir William 
lirabazon succeeded, upon whose death four months later St. Leger 
was rcctorcd. 

Con Baccagh, first earl of Tyrone, was now growing old, for in 
1498 he had reached sufBcient maturity to avenge his father's death. 
He was son of Con by the sister of the eighth I'uldare, whose daughter 
Alice he had married. By her he had three sons : Shane, whom 
Froude, with strange inaccuracy, calls illegitimate ; Phelim and 
Turlough and a daughter Mary, wife of Sorlcy Koy, father of the first 
earl of Antrim. The son of Alison, wife of a blacksmith at Dun- 
dalk, Matthew or Ferdoragh, whom he supposed his o•*^^l, from 
paternal partiality, he had had included in the patent as baron Dun- 
gannon. Con, when displeased with English rule, had pronounced a 
curse on all of his posterity who shoidd conf rm to English manners 
or associate with the Saxon race. When disposed to correct his 
mistake in the preference of Ferdoragh, the deputy, it is intimated 
at the instigation of the latter, contrived- to gain possession of Con 
and the countess and to imprison them in Dublin, where he died in 
1559. Shane, indignant at this treatment of his father, assisted by 
his brother-in-law McDonnel, defeated Crofts, who in 1551 had re- 
placed St. Lener, wasting T\Tone and Dunjiannon over an area of 
Sixty miles by forty. 

English tenures had weakened Irish resistance more than EngUsh 
swords. Brothers and kinsmen were set at strife, old feuds re- 
kindled from their smouldering ashes, and many of the Leinster septs 
if not engaged in internecine Avarfare, were in arms against each 
other, or theu* common foe. Taking advantage of some contention 
between Melaghlins and ^Tac Coghlans, the English seized upon 
Delvin. O'Carrolls whose cliief was imprisoned at Dublin were rest- 

84 Transfer of Erin. [Jan. 

less. lie promised to be quiet and was reloaded ; Imt Incensed at 
fresh injustice, allied himself with Kelleys, some of the Melaghlins, 
MacCo-hlaus and O'Coumnvs and Morro-h, chief of the Kavaiiaghs. 
War rao-cd from Duldin to tlic bhannoa. Athlone giirrisoned by tlic 
EnglisirproLecied their movements, and the cla-nd ^vere finally wearied 
out! The O'CarroU nuulc iheu* peace at Limerick, being himself 
created baron of Ely. Instead of making coramon cause other 
septs were torn by internal dissensions for the eliieftniuship. Among 
them OTerralls, ^IcSwecnys, O'Kourkes, Olieilleys, O'Sullivajis 
Beare and 0'J3riens. Morough, first Earl oi Thomond, d'cd m 
1551. DouoLdi, his nephew and successor, was besot m Clonroad by 
Ids brotheri and shortly died. Ilis son Conor, for the next twenty- 
eight years, held the earldoni ; but his uncJe Sir Donald, brother of 
the second earl and son-in-law of the first, whom when chosen by the 
8ept his brother had been forced to accept as tauist under the brehon 
law, became chief of the Dalunais. ^ 

On the succession of ^Mary', July, 1553, St. Lcger was for ti.e liitA 
time commissioned as deputy. Gerald wlio had been educated carc- 
fidly in Eome, and with the knights of IVlalta acquired experience 
of war on th.3 African coast, was restored to honor and estate as tenth 
eai-1 of Kildare. He came over to Ireland with Thomas Dutf the 
tenth earl of Ormond, who but fourteen years of age when his father 
was poisoned in 1546 was still quite young, and the son of Fitz- 
Patrick, lord of Upper Ossory, in company with the deputy. .\rt 
McMorrogh had been taken into favor, created lord of Baliam m 
Carlow, and recognized as head of his sei)t. Ormond^ upon his j-e- 
turn was employed against the chief of Thomond, Kildare agamst 
the O'Xeils, Shane being engaged in war with tiic branch of lus name 
at Clannaboy, and Sh- Donald O'Brien with liis neighbors, the Bm'kes 

of Clanrickard. ,.„.,, 

The ancient :Manus O'Donael had long renamed the chiettamsmp 
of the north-west corner of the island. AVhea his death is noticed by 
the Four Masters under date of 15i>3, he is dcscrii)ed as lord oi T)t- 
connel, Inishowen, Ivinnel-:Moen, Fermanagh and lower Conuaugiir ; 
as a man who never sutler ed the chiefs m his neighborhood to 
encroach upon his superabundant possessions, fierce, obdurate, wrath- 
M and combative toward his enemies and opponents, uutil he had 
made them obedient to his jurisdictioa ; as mild, friendly, benign, 
amicable, bountifid and hospit;ible toward the learned, the desti- 
tute, poets, oUavs and the church; as learned, skilled m many 
arts, gifted with a profound intellect and knowledge of eveiy science. 
This was ^^Titten in Donegal, but he seems to have been an estimable 
character, though grown te=ty and disquahtied by age and mfii-mity 
for rulino- over liis^urbulent sid-jects. Being deposed by the clan, 
he was lucoeedcd bv Calvagh his son, duly chosen m his place. 
This was not wirhont opt)osition, and Calvagh, to reduce the refi-ac- 
tory to obedience, brought u\er a force from Scotland, his wife being 
one of the T>Iac Donnels. 

1875.] Transfer of Erin. 85 

After tlie royal marriage of ]Mary to Pliilip of Spain, sterner 
measures ^Yerc resorted to in England to restore the old religion ; and 
Thomas luulcliilb, \iseount Fit/:\valtcr, soon after by tlie death 
of his tather carl of Su.ssex, appointed in place of St. Leger in 155'J 
as lord lieutenant, held a parliament at Dublin, which revived the 
act.* against heresy. It granted a subsidy to be employed in driving 
out the Scots, made it high treason to invite tlicm into Ireland, and 
intermarriage with them felony. The Poynings act was amended, 
and the governor and council authori;;ed, after the objects previously 
gpecificd -were acted on, to certify other measures they might deem 
expedient. With KadclitTe came over as treasurer his brother-in-law. 
Sir Henry Sydney, father of Philip and gr. grandfatlier of Alger- 
non, and fur the next twenty years with brief intervals he took a lead- 
ing part in ailairs. 

Shane O'Xell, ambitious of subjecting all Ulster to his sway, 
marched into Tyrconnell ; but Calvagh, its chief, taking counsel of 
his lath.^r Manus, with inferior numbers, attacked him at night at 
Carrickheath. His forces utterly routed, he with difficulty eH'eeted 
liis escape, but soon retrieving this disaster asserted his right to 
eovereignty throughout Tjrone, a claim in which his brother Fer- 
d'uagh Wi'.s nut disposed to acquiesce. Sussex and Sydney in 1556 
at Carrickfergus overcame the Scots, who marching to join the Burkes 
of Mayo were annihilated at Moy by the earl of Clanrickard. Sussex 
marched to Clare to sustain Conor, earl of Thomond, against the sons 
of xklorrogb the first earl and Sir Donald the tanist, who had 
married their sisler, banishing Sir Donald much to the displeasure of 
his sept, who were devotedly attached to him. The fifteenth Des- 
mond, the great exemplar of rebellion, came to their aid, defeating 
Conor and his cousin Clanrickard. Sir Donald remained in eyile for 
five years, when the family feud was appeased by the earl granting- 
him Corcurm-ce, a part of Clare along the sea, Avhich had previously 
belonged to the O'Connors of the Clan Rory branch of the name. 
Conor had recently married Eveline, a "charitable, hum^me, friendly 
and pious countess," daughter of ^McCarthy Mor and widow of Des- 
mond's father, and on her death in 15G0,he espoused Ellen daughter 
of eiglith Ormond by Margaret daughter of eighth Kildare. 

When Elizabeth succeeded in 1558 all Ireland was Catholic. Lebc 
and Offuly had been added to the pale. The rest was occupied by 
the septs, or by English earls who held but limited allegiance. The 
earl of T\Tone was a prl&oner in Dublin, Conor of Thomond was 
loyal, and likewise all the ^MeCarthies. Had toleration and respect 
for right evinced at this period the most distant idea of religious 
obligation, or Avhat christian faith and precept demanded, Ireland 
might have been spared her miseries, England her shame. But Sus- 
sex on his return under orders of the queen called a packed parliament, 
which disingenuously meeting on St, Bridget's day, when the catholic 
lord;-' greurly iu the ascendancy were not notified, and did not sus- 

86 Transfer of Erin. • [Jan. 

pectthe dcjign, reestablislicd Protestantism, imposing liea\7 penalties 
for disobedience on a whole peoi>le of the opj^osite faith. 

Calvagh, ehiof of T}Tconnel, " of noWc presence, sagacious and 
brave, stern to foe and l^iud to friend, so much esteemed that no 
good act of his created surprise," was captured at a monastery on 
Lough Swilly in the nortli of Donegal by ►Shane, who in some 
interval of amity had married Mary his daugliter. Calvaglx had 
recently taken to wife another Scotcli maiden, who either nov.- or on 
previous occasions, growing out of the intimacy of fiunily rehitions, 
had formed an attachment fi»r Shane, wliose jircposscssing qualities 
and more active spirit gave him an advantage in her eyes over her 
staider husband. KShane's wife died broken hearted a few months 
after this outrage on her father and her own conjugal rights. Sussex 
marched to Armagh to rescue Calvagh, but a portion of his army 
laden with spoil was defeated by O'Xeil, who in tiu-n harried ]\Ieath 
to the gates of Dublin. Calvagh was released on ransom, filled with 
resentment at his wrongs, and in loHl induced Sussex with the five 
earls, Kildare, Onnoud, Desmond, Thoraond and Clanrickard to 
invade Tyrone. Tlie deputy liired an assassin with the queen's 
knowledge to slay Shane, but the attempt failed, and hopeless of 
conquering iiim by force, through Kildare, his cousin, peace was 
made on condition that he should be respected as chief till created 
earl of Tyrone. With liis body-guard he then visited the queen in 
London, Avho received him with honor, and while there Dunrrannon 
being slain in a skirmish with Turlogh Lynough O'Xeil, afterward 
tanist, she acknowledged his claims as successor to his father Con 
Baccagh, and loaned him three hundred pounds. ' 

Shane on his return, finding Turlogh recognized as tanist by 
Sussex, Maguire and Magennis allies of Calvagh hostile, invaded 
Fermanagh, otfering amends for all damage inflicted, if Maguire 
acknowledged fealty. ^ ^Nlaguire refusing, and betaking himself to 
his islands for security, his houses and crops were destroyed. 
Shane maintained his right to Ulster as its sovereign, settino- at de- 
fiance Sussex and Kildare. oManus O'Donnel died in 1563 : his son 
Calvagh was infirm, and on Conn, son of the latter, "wise, valiant 
and civil, the likeliest plant," according to Sussex, "that ever sprauo- 
in Ulster, whereon to graft a good subject," devolved the chieftainship 
of Tyrconnel ; but he soon fell into the hands of Shane, who in- 
sisted on the surrender of the strong castle of LitTord, the chief abode 
of the O'Donnels, as his ransom. Shane's power and influence 
gained ground much to the alarm of Sussex, but the queen wrote 
him not to feel uneasy, "for if O'Xeil rises there w-ill be estates for 
them that want." Cusack, the chancellor, persuaded him to moderate 
his tone, the garrison at Armagh was withdra-vvn, and when he en- 
tered Clannaboy, captured Sorleboy, and slew seven hundred Scots, 
their chief James ]MacDonnel dying of his wounds, it was hailed in 
England as a victory also for tlie queen, who still with the usual 
crookedness that marked her policy took him to task. 

1875.] Transfer of Erin. 87 

Campion, who "wrote in 1570, tells us that Shane ordered the 
north HO properly that if any sul)ject could ])rove of money 
or goods within his precinct ho woiild force the robber to restitution, 
or at liis own co*t rc'lcpm <hc hnrm to the loser's content. Sitting 
at meat, before he put one morsel into his own mouth he used to slice 
a portit n and send it to some beggar at his gate, saying it was fit 
to serve Christ fir.-t. A work by Matthew O'Connor says of him : 
that by the natural vigor of his mind he raised nnnies, erected forts, 
besieged fortified towns, defeated regular troops led on by ex- 
perienced generals, and made a resolute stand against the first nation 
of the world in riches, in arts and in arms. lie was often victorious 
and never vanquished. His letters, many of \\-hich remain, to Eng- 
lish nobles whose acquaintance he had made on his visit to the queen, 
exhibit much culture and appreciation of what was of good report 
and meritorious in English institutions. His many defects of 
character and errors in conduct were exaggerated by English writers. 
It t^huuld be borne in mind that his ulterior motive throughout appears 
to have been the independence of Ulster, possibly of Ireland, and tliat 
his rngerness to reduce to his sway the neighboring septs was mainly 
to further this end. 

In L'luG he gained possession of nearly all Ulster, ]Maguire and 
Calvagh O'Donnell taking refuge in Dublin. He invaded Con- 
naught, wasting and destroying and carried four thousand head of 
cattle back to Tyrone. Randolph well supplied with artillery, in 
wliich arm O'Xeil was deficient, gave Shane a check, but fell himself 
in the combat near Derry, which place, soon after demolished hv 
an accidental explosion of its magazines, was abandoned, and its gar- 
rison in tlieir march to the pale much harassed. Shane again in- 
vaded Tyrconnel, Connaught, Fermanagh and the lands of Bagenal 
in Xewry and Brefney. Sydney, deputy since the recall of Sussex 
in 15G4, marched against him, but discouraged by the seven thousand 
men, fifteen hundred of them Scots, whom Sho ne had under his com- 
mand, or as also said his supplies exhausted, withdrew ; but early in 
the spring before he could well be expected, passed round Tyrone into 
Connaught, restoring Tyrconnel to Calvagh, Fermanagh to ]\Inguire, 
I'.rcfiiey lo Brian O'Rourke, in place of the chief friendly to O'Xell. 
Calvagh fell dead from liis horse in the midst of his cavalry, and 
his son Hugh celebrated his succession by invading Tyrone. In 
the spring Shane gathering his forces, encountered Hugh at Lough 
Swilley, who with the MacSv/eeneys defeated him May 8, 15G7, and 
the tide rising over the beach crossed in the advance and by which 
lay their retreat, Shane lost thirteen hundred men. Thus were 
avenged the WTongs of Calvagh and Mary O'Donnel . The chief bro- 
ken-hearted escaped along the Swilley alone, regaining his own domain 
to find Sydney approaching in force against him. Bewildered and 
losing his wonted prudence, he repaired to !MacDonnel at Antrim, 
who received him with, feigned kindness only to seek occasion by 

88 Transfer of Erin. [Jan. 

provoking n- quarrel to avenge Angus and James and Aspuch or 
Campbell, their eister'd luu^banJ, S(»n slew Shane at the 

Syilncj withouL dcrcaung < >'2seil had contrived to weaken hi.< povrcv 
by management and ui:jaftecting his nciglibois, and ecrtainly proved 
a most elKcient ruler. lie was very p(»pular among his own nation- 
ality in Ireland, and by the strict military discipline lie maintninod, 
administration of the finances and politic coiu-scs, paved the way to 
subjugation, lie recognized Turlogh, grandson of Con Baceagh 
and Alice Fitzgerald, as tanist. The war had cost the queen nearly 
one hundred and fifty thousand pounds and thirty-live hundred men. 
Parliament two years after abolished the title of O'Xcil and vested 
Tyrone in tlnj crown, except certain portions assigned to Turlogh, 
•or reserved as the special domain of the young Dungannon. This 
youth, brought up in England and early of exemplary loyaltv, will 
be found later emulating the example of his imcle in his efforts 
to withdraw his country from what was then a foreign voke. 
Both Shane and Hugh possessed many sterling qualities. The former 
was uppiobiiously ciiarged witii excess in wine, of which his cellars 
at Dundrum held two hundred tuns, but this and his coolino- off its 
effects in an earth bath were probal>ly inventions of Stanihurst. 

Desmond is described as equally overbearing vrith the O'Xeil. 
He was catholic; Ormond, his antagonist, protestant ; and in 15G2 
they were both summoned to the royal presence. Desmond promis- 
ing to abolish bonaglit, risings out and the brehon law, and to 
■discourage rhymers who stirred up strife, was permitted to return. 
The feud between these powerful neighbors broke out anew, in 15G5, 
Ormond surprising Gerald at Atfane in AVexford. When the latter, 
wounded and a prisoner, was borne from the field on a litter 
by his foes, and asked in derision, where is now the great earl of 
Desmond, — he made his often quoted respon; e, " \Yhere he ou'^ht 
to be on the necks of the Butlers." 

In his progress to ]\Iunstcr after Shane's death, Sydney found the 
Butler domain in Kilkenny in excellent condition, describes that of 
the Fitzpatricks in inditlerent good order, Ely well ruled bv the 
O'CarroUs, Ikerrin of ihe O'Meagiiers wasted, Tippcrary disturbed 
by contention, Clonmel, Cashel and Fethard depopulated, all 
trade at an end, AVatcrford worried by the Powers, and Youghal in 
evil case. From Youghal to Kinsale, Cork to Limerick, Svdney 
says he never was in a more pleasant cnuntry or one more utterlv waste. 
Galway and Athenry were forlorn, and the country round about 
torn by the dissensions of the Burkes and Fhihcrtvs. The deputy 
proceeding to England in 15G7 to report, took with him Desmond 
and Sir John who Averc detained prisoners there or in Dublin eiu'ht 
years, upon no charge and for no ostensible cause but either that 
they were too powerful, or to gratify the rcsenrment of Ormond, 
^cousin of the queen. 

1875.] Transfer of Erin. 89 

Sydney's parliament convened January, 1569, was a sham. Tlie 
Irish were not ro])re;;ented, nor do we find any menfion of it in their 
annds. A\'licre there was any show of election, government by 
intrigue and corruption t«ecurod the return of its creatures. jNIayors 
returned themi^olvcs ; nominees of no character, education or estate, 
eato for j)Iaces they had never seen. Stanihiirst presided, and 
] looker, who contumed Ilollinshed and had represented Exeter in the 
English connnons, having come over with Cru'ew was member for 
Atheury. Eroni his account the parliament was neither legally 
c;dlcd nor decently conducted. It vras simply a bear garden, noisy 
and disorderly. lie framed rules for its proceedings, and after op- 
position of no avail against the majority, Shane O'Xeil was attainted, 
the queen claiming an older title to Ireland than* Hcremon or 
Ileber. Half I'lster, Tyrone, Clannaboy and the Eews, Coleraine 
of the Canes, Kouta of the McQuillans, Glms of the McDonnt.-ls, 
Ivcach of the Maguinnis, Orier of the Ilanlons, Farncy, UriL-l, 
I>i)chta and Dartry of the four branches of the Mc^Mahons, Tur- 
rougli of the MeKennys, Clanbressail of the ^NlcCanns were declared 
furfeited. ]\»rtions were subsequently restored, but the whole 
proceeding was a mockery on legislation. Captaim-ies were abolished 
unless granted by patent, imposts laid upon wines, free schools 
established, the deputy empowered to lill vacancies in the church in 
Connaught and Munster ; fosterage with Irish, and keeping idle re- 
tainers were prohibited. 

Donough McCarthy, 1518-159G, created in 1556 earl of Clan- 
carre and baron of Valentia, though not of much force of character, 
was wise enough to perceive that t'o A\Test away the territory of his 
race and trample out its taitli was the policy of the queen and her 
ministers. By uniting all the catholic elements of resistance, these 
desigTis might be frustrated. Supported by O'Sullivan Mor and 
other chiefs of the Eoghanacht he renounced his English title and 
resumed that of McCarthy Mor, at the same time asserting his claim 
to be king of ]Munster as his ancestors had been for many genera- 
tions. ^ Desmond and himself were brothers-in-law, and both staunch 
catholics. But Desmond was a prisoner, his possessions might pass 
to straugors, and unless the opportunity offered were improved, no 
otlier equally propitious might recur. 'Desmond had appointed his 
Kinsman, James Eitzmaurice, in liis absence to take charge of his 
territory. But though able and brave, James was at that dme un- 
popular. Ecuds and jealousies estranged other of the leaders. 
I bus dissensions, ever Ireland's weakness, palsied all attempt at com- 
bination, and they found themselves borne along to destruction by 
events beyond their control. 

Leiiister was only comparatively quiet. The dispossessed chief- 
tains from theii- mountain retreats watched for opportunity to wreak 
tlieir resentment on the usurpers of their ancestral abodes, hovering 
about their scrtlements and intiicting what injury they could. For 

VOL. XSI5, 8* 

90 Transfer of Erin. [Jan. 

eiglitccn years Rory O'iVIoore, allowed even by his foes many esti- 
mable ([ualities, kept his clan organized in out of the way plaees, the 
dj'euJ and scourge of the eolonists, losing no occasion of molesting 
them and bafHing every attcnr|)t at pursuit. O'Coimors and O'Car- 
rols continued their marauds, O'Uyrnes and O'Toolcs, and Sir 
Edmund Butler, representative of Ormond then absent in England, 
and the Graces warred with Oliver Fitzgerald. xVnothcr grievance 
com])licated the turmoil ; Sir Peter Carew set up a stale claim to half 
Cork, to Idrone in Carlow belonging to the Cavanaghs, and also to 
Macleitham in Meath, heUl l)y Chevers. llis pretension was as heir 
general to Fitzstephcn, who left no lawful issue as proved in 1333 
when the same claim Avas advanced and disallowed, on a grant made 
nearly four centuries before, of the larger portion of which there had 
not been even constructive possession. This claim English tribunals 
noAv adjudged to be valid. The Cavanaghs naturally rose to defend 
the remnant of their once extensive possessions. Too near Dublin 
for effectual resistance, Carew dispossessed them with relentless 
cruelty, slaughtering hundreds unarmed, besides women and children. 
Possibly as some security against csimilar pretensions, Mac I*P»rian 
Ara, Ferralls of Longford, some of the Cavanaghs, Gilpatricks, 
McFallons, McShanes and many other chieftains surrendered their 
^estates to the crown, taking back regrants on English tenure. In 
'Connaught Burkes of Clanrickard and ^Nlayo were at feud, in Ulster 
>0'Donnels and O'Neils. The decision in favor of Carew enraged 
wherever it menaced, and Clancarthy, Butler and Fitzmauricc were 
guickly in arms. Unable to reduce Kilkenny where Carew com- 
manded in force, they harried above and below from Dublin to 
Water lord, and stripped, with the inhumanity usual on both sides, 
the fair of Enniscorthy of its horses and herds. Sydney joined by 
Ormond, sent over to detach his three brothers from the league, 
marched into Munster ; but opposition not strong enough to contend 
n citing away, and the chiefs generally professing loyalty, he placed a 
garrison under Humphrey Gilbert at Kilmallock, and himself repaired 
to Athlone, After establishing Fitton as president of Connaught, 
he thence proceeded toward Ulster, as Turlough O'Xeil about to join, 
the movement at the south was accidentally wounded. During the 
winter Fitzmaurice with ]McSweeneys and Sheehys took and Ijurnt 
Kilmallock, removing its treasures which belonged to the earl of 

Fitton proved a tyrant, and his arbitrary proceedings and over- 
bearing insolence disaffected even the loyalty of Conor O'Brien 
who captured his uncle Sir Donal on his Avay from Corcumroe to 
the presidential court at Ennis. Ormond called in to appease the ex- 
asperated governor persuaded the earl to surrender as amends Clon- 
road, Clare and Bunratty ; but indignant at thus being dispossessed 
of .his castles and his power, Conor gathered his friends and ad- 
:herent8 at his remaining fortress at jMoy in Ibrackan. They were 

1875.] Tranf>fer of Erin. 91 

not many to conic, for hy acccptinr^ tlic earldom, he had forfeited 
their Hu^tport and brought thcs^o niibfortiines on himself and the 
Dalpiis. Discouraged, and sensible he had nothing to expect from 
English clcmcix'y, he escnpcd into France. Fitton with C-hmrickard 
attacked F]^dlertys and P>in-kes of Mayo at Siirulo, a battle hutly 
contested, belli sides chnniing the victor}. For several years the 
strife continued. Inlbl'l Clanrickard and his sous attending another 
court at Gahvay, the latter- suspecting some evil design, took to 
flight, upon which Fitton arrested their father and carried him to 
Dublin, liaising the country the }oung IJurkes burnt Athleague, 
Mullingar, Athlone^ and dciuolislied Atlicnry. The father \\hen re- 
leased joined his sons, and no peace came to Connauglit until Fitton 
"was recalled. 

In February, 1571, Sir John Pcrrot natural son of Henry VIII., 
a man of great physical power and strength of purpose, was created 
president of Munster, and set himself to work to hunt Fitzmauricc 
out of his hole. It was not an easy task for he was frequently c:ijulcd 
a,nd discomfited, and his account of his adventures reads very much 
like the dance Puck led the lovers in the play. Two years later, to 
secure the release of Desmond and Sir John, Fitzmaurice made his 
submi?;-ion at Kilmnllock, the pin-ases recorded if used being put into 
his mouth by Perrot, and probably if understood by either considered 
matter of form. The object was only partially accomplished. The 
prisoners were brought to Dublin, where on one pretext or another 
the earl was detained tlux-e years longer when he effected his escape. 
Sydney in 1575 replacing Fitzwilliaras as deputy, found Ireland one 
wave of war and commotion, which even his pacific policy proved 
powerless at all times to still. He visited in turn its several pro- 
vinces, reporting to the queen their condition, and liis court at Cork 
was attended by the earls of Desmond, Thomond and Ciancurthy, 
bishops of Cashel, Cork and lioss, lords B^arry, Eoche, Kinsale, 
LLxnaw, Dunboyne, Barry Oge and Louth by McCarthy Keagh of 
Carberry, and Teigue of ^luskerry, the latter "for obedience to her 
majesty and law and disposition to civility described by the dejtuty 
as the rarest man that ever was born in the Irishry." O'Sullivans, 
Can-oils, Douoghues, Callaghans, Mahons and Driscolls, McTyrnans 
and MeAuleys, and three brothers of Desmond were there, and 
Ormond and Fitzpatrick of Upper Ossory came to hiui at Lunerick. 
Ill:* court was held witli much magnificence, and the famihcs of the 
chiefs being in attendance, the occasion kd to the adoption of many 
improvements in eleganeo and refinement. In Clare resorted to 
him :Macnamaras, :McMahons and all tiie O'Briens, from among 
whom he selected Sir Donal as sheriff of Thomond, Burkes, ila- 
hertys, Kellys, xMaddens and Xnghtens, and also Grace O'Malley of 
Carrygahooly, famous by sea and land for her exploits, and who 
aftenvards on a visit to tlie queen declined to be made a countess. 
Connaught was divided into counties, — Mayo, Sligo, Galway and 

92 ' Transfer of Erin. [Jan. 

Roscommon, sheriffs being appointed, and Annaly became the shire 
of Longford. On liis way to J)iibliu Sidney passeti through Cavan 
where he found the Clxeilly, advanced in years, and disturbed by 
pretenders to the succession. 

Little tune was left him ibr repose. O'Kourkes irritiited at lib- 
erties taken Avith tlieir property were up in Annaly, Burkes and 
O'iiriens farther west. Sydney had started to go mto Munster to 
establish Sir 'William Drury as its president, but hastening back, 
contrived to quell the rising, taking Clanrickard i)risoner and leav- 
ing ]NLilby as colonel of Connaught. Soon after the pale was agi- 
tated by a cess laid by the council as composition for an ancient 
chai-ge of purveyance. This created alarm as a precedent, and three 
delegates w-ere sent to the Queen to remonstrate. Elizabeth hsten- 
ed to tlieir complaint, expressed her fears that she had committed 
her flocks not to shepherds but avoIvcs, and at the same time, with 
her usual inconsistency, threw tlie envoys into prison for their auda- 
city. After the usual luuniliation they were set free and composi- 
tion was made for seven years j)urvcyance. 

Parliament hnd confiscated Ulster. Talang possession was ano- 
ther matter. To Su- Thomas Smith had been gTanted ^s({i in 
Down, and his son to civilize the natives led there a colonv, iait 
O'Xeil of Clannaboy slew him, leaving liim little time to carry out 
his benevolent purposes. Essex with the queen planned to send out 
two thousand settlers, and the earl raising ten thousand pounds on 
his English estates, proceeded to possess himself of Glyns, Eouta, 
and Clannaboy, partly occupied by the Scots. Erom Con O'Donncl 
son of Calvah who came to greet him, he wrested Lifford, his prin- 
cipal castle, and whilst receiving the hospitalities of Brian O'Xeil of 
Clannaboy, eldest branch of the Ily Nials he seized liim, his brother 
and wife, and hung and quartered them at Dublin. His settlement 
did not prosper, and in a few months he was poisoned Sept. 22, 
1576, at Dublin, by Leicester who married his widow. Smith 
wasted some thought and money on Ards, but to little use, for King 
James taking it away from his. heirs gave it to one of his Scotch 
favorites. Some remains of that of Essex in Cavan are still held 
by his descendants of another name. 

One of the last acts of Sydney before he quitted Leland forever, 
casts a cloud on a character generally estimable. With his know- 
ledge and assent the chiefs of Leix, O^Moores, Kellevs, Lalors, 
Davoys, Macavoys, Doraus and Dowlings, three or four hundred 
in number, were invited to a conference at ^Nlullamast on the pul>lic 
faith and under protecti(m of the government, and there slaughtered 
in cold blood ; one of the Lah)rs who had the wit to discover what 
was intending, shunning the snare by timely flight and Avarnin"- 
others on their way. A\'ell might the retiring deputy l)emoan his 
twenty years service whit;h had made him twenty thousand pounds 
poorer, and leA liim five thousand in debt. It was to his credit that 

1875.] Jransfer of Erin, 93 

he did not enrich his family witli Irish land??, and that Sir Philip 
his son had no part or work in Irish conquests. He gave up the 
sword of state to Sir William Drury a^ lord chief justice, ^lay 2G, 
1575. A nionta later llury O'.\[(^ore, long the terror of the pale 
from his exploits, after ]>urning Xnas, Leigliton and other places 
foil in a skirmish with Brian Oge Gilpatric. Sydney had not actu- 
ally taken his departure. On his way with an army to Oftaly and 
LcLx to repress disturbances, he heard of Rory's death, and proceed- 
ing to Kilkennv, made examples of all who who ha<l befriended him. 
Thither came 'Drurv to complain of Desmond. He sent for the 
earl and reconciled them. After the death of Drury in September, 
1579, Sir William Pelham was chosen in his stead. 

All Ireland was Catholic, but in no condition single handed to 
cause her religious rights to be respected. Indeed when her own faith 
had been paramount"^ bad examples weakened claim to toleration. 
James Fitzraaurice solicited pope and king, till Philip of Spam 
retaliating for the help Elizabeth had given his protestant subjects 
furnished^some troops and supplies. Stukely an addled adventurer 
was entrusted witli the command which he spent with his own life 
in battle with the ]\[oors. Fitzmaurice gathering the few survivors 
landed at Smerwick, July, 1579. Desmond invited Claucarthy to 
arm, but pursued himself a vacillating cause. His friend Davels 
sent to dissuade him from committing himself was murdered in bed by 
his brother. Fitzmaurice was slain soon after on a pilgrimage to 
Holy-Cross by Burke of Castle Connel. Drury gathered what 
force he could against Sir John, now in command of the Catholics. 
For many weeks the strife continued, till at ^Monastenagh the Eng- 
lish under Malby gained a victory. Papers in possession of Allen a 
Jesuit, slain in the battle, compromised Desmond who concluded it 
best to declare himself. Efforts were made to change his pur- 
pose, at an interview Oct. 30, between Ormond and himself, but 
to obtain better terms by prolonging the strife he resumed hostilities, 
and swept bare the country to the Suir, wasting Barry, Fernaoy, and 
Imokilly, and with the aid'of Dermod O'Sullivan reducing Youghal, 
what was of value being removed to his other castles, Strabally 
and Lefmonen. His success did not long continue. The English 
forces increased in strength as his dwindled. Their artillery to the 
astonishment of the Irish battered down castles deemed impregnable. 
Pelhara spared neither sex nor ao-e, infirm or idiotic. Sir James 
Fitzgerald was taken prisoner by McCarthy Reagh, and executed by 
Raleigh, and the earl and his countess, his brother, and Saunders hiS 
religious and military advi'^er with a small following were fugitives. 

In August, 1580, Lord Grey de Wilton, later one of the com- 
missioners who condemned Mary Queen of Scots at Fothering- 
gay, and who justified her execution, landed as lord deputy, and 
proceeded at once into Wicklow to attack the O'Bymes, who with 
Cavanaghs, OTools, one of the Fitzgeralds of I\jldare and Eustace, 
lord of Baltinglas, were in arms. The van of his army fell into 

94 Transfer of Erin. [Jan. 

ambuscade in the pas3 of Crlenmalurc, few escapinfr. Amonn; tliose 
who fell were Sir Peter Carew, one of the sons of the ehiiniunt of 
Idrone, his brother George, afterwards president of Munster, being 
held back from onteriTig tlic pasfa by Ills uuclc. Against the 
Spaniards who had landed at Smerwick, Grey led a large force, 
gathering m numbers as he advani-ed, into jverry and inve-tod 
the fort del Oro they had constructed. The .S[)aJiiards not adequately 
supported by the Irish Catholics, finally surrendered as their anna- 
list says under promise of protection, but they were all cut to pieces, 
and Grey admits it was by his direction. 

The wliole country except Ulster which enjoyed a brief respite of 
quiet was in arms. John, st)n of Clanrickard, pruliered implicit 
obedience to his elder brother Ulick if he would help to expel the 
English from the family domains.^ All the O'Briens but Donough 
who succeeded in 1580 his father Conor as fourth earl, and Torlogh 
the sheriff of Clare, marshalled their men. They devastated Clan- 
rickard, demolishing numerous castles, not sparing their own lest 
they should harbor the foe. Sir John Fitzgerald, worthy successor of 
James Fitzmnurice as general of the Geraldines, brave and enter- 
prising, defeated in succession whatever troops were sent to oppose 
him by Ormond, now sweeping havoc through Tipperary and Kil- 
kenny, norw at Tralee, then from Glcnmalure marching too late to 
the relief of the Spanisli garrison at Smerwick. Ormond influenced 
Clancarthy, who had been discouraged by the wavering course of his 
brother-in-law Desmond at the outset, O'Suilivans . of Dunkerron 
and Beare, O'Donoghue Mor, Mahony, McDonogh, O'Keefte and 
Macauley to be at least neutral, and to join him in June 24 on his 
route to Cork. O'Douoghue of Glenfiesk was with the Geraldines, 
and when the men of Carberry invaded Bantry, Donal O'Sullivan 
Beare with a third their number drove them out. Sir Cormac of 
Muskerry was steadfast to the queen. The Irish lords of Munster 
had no cause to love the Geraldines, and were not inclined to uphold 
a power, to them always arbitrary and oppressive. 

John of Desmond gathering to his standard his dispossessed kinsmen 
the O'Carrolls, Moores and Connors in Leix and Oftaly, harried 
Ossory, plundering seven towns in a day. Grey returned to Dublin 
to find the leaders of tlic pale, disgusted at his overbearing course, in 
league against the government. Kildare and Delvin were arrested 
but released. Lord Nugent and forty-five more were executed. 

Desmond now lurking in glen and forest, now at the head of 
considerable armaments, wasting and destroying, ranging throu"-h 
Cork and Kerry, one day at Cork and then knocking at the gates 
of the capital, baified pursuit. In June, 1581, whilst encamped at 
Glen Aghadoe near Killarney with three thousand men, he allowed 
himself to be surprised by Zouch and badly cut up, but two mouths 
later he pillagfid Cashel and overcame an army collected from the 
neighboring' g:irrisons, slaying four hundred. At Christmas he de- 
stroyed Kiifeacle in Tipperary. Unfortunately for the cause his 

1875.] Transfer of Erin. 95 

brother John, sent to adjust a quarrel between Barry and the 
Scnc:jehal ot" Iniokillj, l)otrayed by a spy to Zouch and Dowdal, 
was wayhiid 1iy them and shiin. The" sona of Kerry imprisoned at 
Limcnelc ciiccted ihi-Ir t'fxape and attacked Ardfert, killing its com- 
mander and provokinir reprisals. 'Jhelr father when Ik; found Iiis 
territory subjected to spoliation joined Desmond, but repenting of 
his raslmess made peace. Grey went home in August, and 
Orniond now president of Munster gave the finishing blow to 
a war already exhausted. Desmond continued for a year longer to 
evade all attempt at capture, but in November, 1583, near Tralee, 
without food, he sent his galiow glasses in search of it, who drove 
off the kine of a ^ndow of one of thcT Moriarties. Her brother-in- 
law followed their trail to Glenakilty, and breaking into a hut where 
the earl was sleeping wounded him in the arm. Hoping to stay their 
violence, he declared who he was, but they carried him captive domi 
the glen, when fearing a rescue Daniel O'Kelley cut oft his head, wliich 
sent by Ormond to the queen for a time decorated London bridge. 

With Gerald ended the rule of the Geraldines in Munster. The 
growth of four centuries of wrong and robbery as many years had 
sufficed to overthrow. From Youci:hal to Dingle extended the vast 
possessions of his house, and a large part of Munster when its 
power was in the ascendant yielded to its exactions. Too proud to 
be pliant and conform as Butlers and O'Briens to royal caprice and 
course of events, he stood fast by the faith of his fathers, and his long 
imprisonment and the partiality shown Ormond in their quaiTels 
rankled in his breast. It was not however before his brother had been 
slain, and his remain? treated with indignity that he committed himself 
to hostilities, but when once compromised he persevered with vigor, 
and without further vacillation. For a moment at the instance 
of his amiable and devoted wife, he thought of submission, but re- 
membering how short a slu'ift Tudors gave their A^ctims, and that 
he lad nothing to hope from queen or Ormond, he accepted his fate. 
He may not have been very politic, but his character, composed of 
many elements of strength both of temper and principle, is interest- 
ing a? an historical study. His widow survived him seventy-three 
years, dying in 1656. James his son the sixteenth earl died in IGOl, 
and his kinsman James the seventeenth or Sugan earl in 1G08, both 
in the tower of London. The last descendant of Thomas, behead- 
ed at Drogheda in 1467, of the male line of Desmond, died in 1787. 
Gerald's daughters married O'Connor of Connaught, Dermod 
O'SuUivan Beare, Sir Donal O'Brien, brother of the fourth Thomond 
and ancestor of the viscounts Clare, the fifth of whom commanded 
the Iri-^h brigade at Fontenoy, Lord Dunboyne and Sir Valentine 
Browne, ancestor of the earls of Kenmare. 

Peace was proclaimed, but Ulster had not submitted. O'Donnel 
burnt Strabane where dwelt the English O'Xeil. O'Connors con- 
tested at Dublin a wager of battle, over which presided Archbishop 
Loftus, one cutting oli'the head of the other. Perrot, now deputy, 

96 Transfer of Ei-in. [Jm. 

executed an O'Brien nt Quin by poundlnrr Inm to deatli, and Bin^diam 
seventy persons at Gahvay, worrying both Ijloods into resl.-tance. 
Connaught was divided into six counties, Ulster into seven. J n !May , 
1585, the parliament presented an unwonted sight; ehieft in native 
costuuie Hocked to the capital, and at'icr debate and much hesita- 
tion tlie Desmond estates were confiscated, a tru^t C(,)nveyancc thirteen 
years before being set aside by an ex ]>ost i'acto statute. Of 574,t"ii*8 
acres forfeited by the earl and one hundred and forty of his kins- 
men, large portions were restored to Condons, Fitzgibbon and other 
Geraldiues. Loss than half were granted in thirty-three seignories 
to undertakers in parcels generally of twelve thousand acres, each 
grant conditioned on the settlement of eighty-six families. It was 
estimated that thus twenty thousand English would avail themselves 
of the very reasonable terms offered to come over. Some that came 
took under several landlords. The old race soon repossessed them- 
eelves as tenants at low rents of nmch of the land ; several of the 
grantees sold out to speculators ; the powerf'ul at court were per- 
mitted to retain without complying witli the conditions. 

Raleigh for a brief period took up his abode at Youghal, of which 
pkce he served as major. His house at ^Myrtle Grove, where he 
dwelt, and where he planted the potato brought from America, 
remains much as when he left it. The widow of the twelfth Des- 
mond, 14G4-1604, already aged, resided on his grant in the castle of 
Inchiquin. His restless spirit led to expense and his forty thou- 
sand acres were sold to Kichard 13uyle first earl of Cork, who coming 
into Ireland with less than thirty pounds, had a rental when he died 
of forty thousand. Askeaton and Lismore, homes of the Des- 
monds, were his, and passed with much else of his vast accumula- 
tions through Cliffords to the dukes of Devonshire. 

Not the feast distinguished among tlie undertakers was Edmund 
Spenser, who at the age of twenty-seven in 1580 as private secretary 
att mded lord Grey atlhe Smenvick slaughter. SLs years later lord 
of Kilcolman Castle, and three thousand acres on the Mulla near 
Fermoy in the county Cork part of the spoils, he there composed his 
Fairy Queen and entertained Raleigh, whom he accompanied to 
London to publish it in 1591. There again afterwards, while clerk 
of the Munster council, he wrote his view of Ireland, an able work, 
and took to wife an Irish maiden, one of his children perishing in 
the conflagration of his castle in the Tyrone war of 1598, which 
year he died poor in London, as Ben Jon son \vTites Drummond of 
Hawthornden. His poem derived incident and illustration from his 
experience and observation in a land Avhere knights eiTant, forlorn 
damsels and perilous adventure abounded, where spectres and seem- 
ingly supernatural occurrences haunted the popular imagination, and 
characters of noblest heroism or basest brutality, combined with 
desperate conflicts, cruel martyrdoms and shattered thrones, amidst 
natural scenery of great varu-ty and beauty to afford material VvTOUght 
into iaipciishable verse by his poetic genius. 


The Toicnshend Faraily. 



By Chatiles Hervt.y Tov->-send, Esq., of New-Haven, Ct. 

The Townsetid or Towuslieml families cf 
Eiiulaud and America are of jxiixed ^"axou 
and Norman origin and of great antiquity 
in tbe county Norfolk, England. 

"Weaker Atte Townsliende, son of Sir 
Lodovic de Townshende, a Norman noble- 
man whom Collins in his Pecrag-^ of 
England puts at the head of this family, 
flourished soon after the Conquest. This 
Lodovic it seems married Elizabeth da 
Hauteville, solo heir of iiaynham daughter 
of Sir Thomas de Haut^.ville, of tho famotis 
family of de Hauteville or Havile, whivii 
family at this time appear to have been a most imiKjrtanc one. They were 
of Norman extraction, and settling in the county of Norfolk beoame pos- 
sessed of a cousiderable property said to have been granted them by ^\ ii- 
liam the Conqueror, which by marriage came to tlie Townseud famdy. 

We find the name in ancient deeds written thus: Ad-Finem-A'il!e. Ad- 
Exitum-Yille. William Ad-Exitum-Yillf, that is Townsend or_ Tunnes- 
hende, held considerable lands of the prior of Norwiche's lordship in Taver- 
ham, Norfolk, in th.= reign of King John, A.D. 1200. In the reign, of Htinry 
III. A.D. 1217-72, lived Thomas Atte Tunneshende of West Herling ; and 
in 1290 lived William Atte Tune'sende. In 130-i John, son of Thomas 
Atte Tunnesende, died, leaving Alice his widow, and William his son who 
was married in 130G. This family -were possessed of valuable estates,^ and 
their seal was a cheveron between three escollop shells, the arms ot the 
family to this day. 

There were several of the name living in Norfolk about the beginning of 
the l-4th century, and from them no doifbt the vi.rlous families of the name 
sprang. Anno Domini 1319, Richard Aite-Towneshende, of Eincham. con- 
veyed lands. »S;c., with the services of divers men, to Adam de Fincham, and 
in the church of St. ilartyn s, Fincham, on the pavement near the lowest 
soufli V. inilow, lies a grave-stone, to v.-hieh was once fixed a brass plate with 
a long Latin inscription memorative to Thomas Tow-usend, a probable de- 
.soeudaiit of this family, and which is now preserved in the church chest, but 
itiiich b~okt;)i. 

In 1371. Peter Atte Townesend was presented with the living of Great 
Winchingham by the king and nominated by the bishop. There was a 
William Atte Tounsiud whose son Thomas settled his estates in Thorp- 
Jand and Barsluim in Norfolk on his son John, by deed dated July 1 1, 1377. 
This John v.-as living at Snoring Magna, A.D. 139G, and afterward settled at 

Roger de Townshende, who by wif:; Catherine, daughter of John Ather- 
ton, of the co. Sussex, was father of Sir Thomas de Townshend, whose 
wife was Agnes, daueliter of WilliaTn Payne, gentleman. This Sir Thomas 
was buried in the choir of White Friars' Church in Fleet Street, Londo:i, 

VOL. XXi.X. 9 

98 The Townshend Famihj. [Jan. 

April 1, 1421, and his son and heir Roger was wedded to Eleanor, dav.g^-.ter 
of Sir Thomas Giggs, of Rollesby, in co. Norfolk, aiid^ had issue Jobn 
Townsend; son and lieir, who married Joan, daughter and iieir of Sir Robert 
Lunsford, of Rumford in 00. lv;3es ; his will is dated Feb. IG, 1405, and 
proved Jaa. 4, IIGG. Ho orders his body to be buried in the middle of the 
church of St. IVfary's, Raynham, before "the image of the crucifix of our 
Lord, and appoints one secular priest to celebrate, for his soul and that of 
his wife, for the space of 20 years. By this match the Townsend family 
have right to bear the arras" of Lnnsford, Barrington, Belhouse, Marcy 
Manderville, Earl of Essex, &c. By the .«aid Joan Lunsford tWs John 
Towuseud ha<l one S'in Roger and four daughters. 

Roger Townsend, Esq., sou and heir, was entered a student of Lincoln's 
Inn, and elected a governor and lent reader in 14CI. In 14GS was trustee 
in purchi-^ing the Lordship at Wincliingham, St. Mary's. In 1472 was 
member of parliament for Calme, in VV' iltshire ; and in 1476 he purchased 
the remainder of the Lordship of Havile, Raynham., so that the v.dioic estate 
was then in this fan:iily. In 1477 he was called to the degree of sergeant- 
at-law; in 1480, summoned to be an assistant to the house of lords in pnr- 
liament; and in 14S5 was made king's scrgeant-at-law, and the year 
following was appointed a justice of the common pleas. King Henry VH. 
renewed bi: patent, .xcA kulgiiled him in his chamber at Worce-Jter, on 
"Whitsunday before the coronation. Sir Roger dates his will Aug. 14, 1492, 
and orders 'his bod}- to be buried in the chapel of St. Katherine's, in^ the 
church of St. Mary's, Roynham, if he fortunes to decease there; but if ju 
London, in the church of' White Friars in Fleet Street, before the crucifix. 
He leaves legacies to his daughters, and mentions son Thomas : makes 
Eleanor, his w'fe, sole executrix and guardian to his eldest sou Roger, on 
whom ho entails his property. His will v.a.s proved 1403, and his -nife 
Eleanor survived him, and in her will dated Nov. 9, 1490, she orders her 
body to be buried by the high altar in the chancel of the church of St. 
Mary's, Raynham. and a new tomb to be made for her husband, and her 
bones, upon which tomb to be graven a sepulchre for Easter-day, if a chapel 
be not made at her decease, and if a chapel be made then she would 'ce 
buried with her husband there. She appoints Sir Robert Clere, kut., her 
executor, and her will was proved Oct. S, loOO. 

Roger Towneshend, eldest son of the Ju<lge, was bred to the law, and 
among other gentlemen of worth and dignity of the co. Norfolk was ap- 
pointed a commissioner by act of parliament for raising the sum of £1G;3,000 
by a poll-tax in 1.513 for defraying the expense of taking Teroven and 
Tournay. Li IJilS he covenanted to serve the 'King with ten men-at-arms; 
was she'riS" of Norfolk and Suffolk loll, loIS, lo2.'^, and one of the masters 
of the courts of ret^uest in l.'i20, serving also the same year as one of the 
King's Council with the Bishop of Lincoln. On Jan. 1, 1539, he^ attended 
the Duke of Norfolk at the marri;ige reception of King Henry VIII., and 
was knighted 1545, on the return of the king from Boulogme, and on the 
death of that monarch vvas commissioned to take care of the peace of the 
CO. Norfolk. He was a gentleman of great honor and worth, both at home 
and at court, and was one of the king's privy council. His wife was Anne, 
daughter and co-heir of Sir William de Brewse, who was from a very ancient 
family which held by descent a great estate, and brought high honors into 
the family, she beim^ connected by, birth v.dth many of the ancient nobility. 
In his wi'll, v/hich bears d:Ue Jul) 31, 1551, he calls himself son and heir of 
Sir Roger Townshend, dtcea,sed, and orders his body to be buried in the 

1875.] The Towyishcnd Family. 99 

church of East "Rnynham by Amy, his wife, if ho fortune to depart withiu 
the shire of Norfolk ; h jves betjuests to his sous an<l dauL^ditcrs, uud makes 
his great grand-sou IJogor (theu a minor), sou of Richard, lately dfjcewcd, 
sou of his -.on John, also dt^ceascd, his heir apparent when lie attains the ago 
of 27 years. Ajipoiuts his sous George and Thomas his executor^;, and hi.? 
will wai proved May 10, 15u2, and he was buried in the church of St. 
Mary's, K;'yuhjiii. As both these Sir Roger Townshends left wills, in 
which all their children are mentioned, it is evident that Collins and Ulome- 
ficid have made an error iu calling them the same person. 

Sir Roger Tounsend, heir to his great-grandfather Sir Roger atoresaid, 
and ancestor to the present Marquis Towushend. Earl Sydney, Viscount 
Raynham and Lord Bayning, was afterward a celebrated commander, and 
brought his own ships into the service of his country during the time of the 
Spanish armada iu loSS, and showing such undaunted spirit and bravery, 
was knighted at sea the 2Gth of July of the same year by the ]^ord High 
Admiral Charles Howard, with the Lords Howard, Lord Shelueld. John 
Hawkins and Martyn Frobisher; and as his name is mentioned before tho 
two last, his command was no doubt a most importatit one. On the tapestry 
banging on the Viails of the house of lords was embroidered Lord Howard 
and his captains, one of which was this Sir Roger. He died at Newington, 
CO. iNTiddlesex, .Tune oO, 1590, and was buried in the church of St. Giles, 
Cripple-gate, Loudon. 

As the bistory of the chief branch of this family has been written several . 
times within the past century, we will not continue it further, but will here 
notice the ditierent modes of spelling the name. The first part Atte seems 
to have been dropped during the 14th century, and from this time down to 
the dawn of puritanism, as many as twelve ditFerent ways of spelling the 
name have been found. Thus: Townseud, Tounnyeshende, Townosheude, 
&c. About l.>00 we learn it, became fashionable to cut down still more ; so 
Towneshende was abridged by dropping the e in the lirst and the h and e in 
the last syllabi' s, which abridged form seems at this time to have been 
generally adopted by the different branches of the family ; but soon after 
the year 1580, the chief family at Raynham finding that this mode gave a 
wrong signification to their name, as they were the land-holders, stadt or 
town-holders of thxt section of the county, they again used the A in the last 
syllf ble. Considering it more correct. 

Burke says, in his " Lauded Gentry," that previous to the ennobling " of 
the English family, we Hud the name as frequently spelt without the h as 
with, and according to Bloraelield the orthography of the old Townsend 
ilonuuirats at Raynham is similar. Spelling, however, in those days was 
iiot cun>idered a matter of much importance, and it seems not improbable 
that Townshend is the most correct, hend being derived from /tand (Saxon 
henden), or the Latin root hendere, onlv used in composition, to take, to 

Having enlarged on the orthography of this ancient family name, we turn 
our attention to the line of Robert Townshend, second son of Sir Roger, by- 
wife Anne de Rrewse, who married AJice, daughter and one of the heirs of 
Robert Poppy, Esq., of co. Norfolk. This Robert in his father's will is 
called Sir Robert Townshend, knt., and he bequeaths him his " Cheyne of 
Gold." Sir Robert was oi the Society of Lincoln's Inn in the early part of 
the reign of King Henry VIII., bocomlnrr as eminent as his ancestor in the 
study uf law, and with his father attended tlie Duke of Norfolk at the recep- 
tion of Ludy Anne, daughter of John, Duke of Cleves, who married King 

100 The Townshend Family, [Jan. 

Henry Vlir., Jan. 1, 1539. lie was afterwanl made king's serjreant-at-Iaw 
in l.>n, and kni^rhte(l by Henry VIII. at Ilampton Court, on Trinity Sun- 
day, 15-15, and the same year made lord chief justice of Chesfer, in which 
post he was continued by both King Kdward VI. and Queen Mary. He 
deceased on Feb. 8, 1555-G, possessed of the manor and rectoiy of Gav.^t, 
an advowson of tlie vicaraL,^e of the churdi, the manor of Swanton, Foxier, 
and Soutimell in Norfolk, and tlie priory ;uid Iiour-e of St. Au;^ustine in 
Liid]o\\, Salof.. Sir Robert was buried in tlie )ii;,di nhancel ot' Ludlow 
church^ in an altar tomb, which is a remarkable exatn}>le of an earlv and 
very rich classic monument of the times. On the top of it, cut in m'arble, 
are the full length recumbent figures of himself dressed in full armor, and 
his lady in the costume of her day, while figures of his children surround the 
base of the tomb. Over the monument, built in the solid masonry of the 
chancel, is a beautiful gotliic arch, and the family crest, a buck trippant. 
crowns the whole fabric, which is decorated with escollop shells and'othor 
insignias of the family; above the monument on the walls are the Townsend 
arms, quartered with the de Hauteville, do Brewse, Gifford, Lunsford, 
Schardlow, Carbonnek Curson, Poppy and others; and beneath the bea'itiinl 
Gothic window, of stained glass, is this inscription : " Memento I>Iori Kospice 
Finara," Anno Domini I5isi, and aronn-l the coping of the top of the tomb: 
"Ile.'-e lyeth lac l^dy of Sir Hubert Tuw luisliemie, Kni,s,hN Chief .lusiice of 
the Council! in the Marches of Wales & Chester, and Dame Alice, }i:s wife, 
tiaught(>r and one of t:ic heirs of Kobert I'oppy, Fsquire, v/Lo had between 
them 12 children, 6 sons & G daughters lawfully begotten." On the pan- 
nelling of the monument are the names of his cliildren, but time has ob- 
literated most of them. The names, however, of Thomas, Kobert, Isaac and 
Henry are still visible. This Sir Robert Townshend died at Salon, Feb. 
8, 1556. and from an inquisition taken at Norwich, April 26, 1550, and at 
Salop 11th of Aug. following, Thomas Townsend of Bracon Ash, Norfolk, 
was found to be his heir, who was at that time 22 years of age, and was 
seized of the manor of Suton, Swanton and Folsham,'in Folsham, with Fox- 
ley manor in Twyfurd, which came to him by Alice his mother, dautrhter 
and heir of Robert Poppy, Esq. 

Thomas Townsend, Esq., eldest son of Sir Robert, in 1558 presented 
the advowson of the church of Twyford, and in 1568 he passed this manor 
to Rowland Hayvvard. He was married June 27, 1558, to his first wife the 
Lady Elizabeth Style, daugliter of George I'eriente, gentleman, of Dijiswell, 
CO. Hertford, and widow of Sir Humphry Styles,"of Lauo-ly, sheriff" of 
Kent, 1513, and one of the esquires of King Henry VIII. He was after- 
wards lord of the manors of Hethill, Pennes.''Stanfie'ld Hall, Carlton Curson, 
Carltoa Peveral, and held interest in other manors and the advowson of the 
church of Bracon-Ash. He acknowled^jed the receipt of the Herrino- Pyes 
of the sheritF of Norwich, Sept. 4, 157(>, and the year following llet-hill- 
Greer: was divided between him and that city. On Auf^. 16. 1578, he en- 
tertained Queen Elizabeth at Bracon-Ash Hall, where "he dined while on 
her progress through Norfolk to Norsvich, and the Lady Elizabeth Style 
his wife was afterwards the recipient of a beautiful gilt bowl from her 
majesty on account of the great hospitality shown her while at Bracon-Ash. 
By this lady he had several children, but all died youni: except Henry, who 
was baptized "ye last of May 1568." The lady Elizabeth Style was 
buried June 30, 1580. 

Thomas Townsend married '(yw 2d wife, 1581-2, Anne daughter of Henry 
D'Oyly, Esq., of Puad-Hall, Hadieigh, co. Suffolk, and of Shottisbam, Nor- 

1875.] The Townshend Family. 101 

wich, CO. Norfolk. By this lady, who was many years his junior, he had 
geveral children, and all dii'd yi'iHig exctjjit Alice, baptized iMay 12. 1.383, 
and IMavy, baptized Nov. 7, 158-S. living unmarried ir.24. Jn 1-385 his 
father-iu-huv Henry D'Oyly !ev:td a line of Pond-IIall, Suffolk, and 
Shottibhaiu, Norl(,»lk, and all other of his e;5tate to him intru:-t for the bcn-jfit 
of h;.? D'Oyly children. lie is oKen spoken of in counectiou with his uu-n 
and the D'C'yly e:;tat^8,, and t^eonis to have been quite a uiau of business, 
leading the life of a country esquire- 

Ilis daughter Alice married Ambrose Clyve, Esq., of Styclie in Shrop- 
shire, and by him was progenitrix of the Lord Clive and Earl I'owis. lie 
died at r>racon-Ash, ami was buried June 12, 1.591, and a special livery 
dated Westminster, Nov. 2-3, of the same year, Henry Townsend, Esq., at 
that time 23 years of age, was proved his son and heir. After the decease 
of Thomas Townseud, his wife Anne D'Oyly married a Mr. "Wilmott, of 
Stai3brdshire. Sho survived him also, and wedded thirdly, in or befcre 
1597, Sir Robert Needham, of Shenton, co. Salop, knt., who in 1 02-3 v.'as 
created viscoimt Kilmorey in the kingdom of Ireland. 

Henry Townseud, Esq., son of the aforesaid Thomas by first v/ife Eliza- 
beth Periente (Lady Style), who was the only sister of ^lury i'eriente, 
second wife of William Clopton (son of John Clopton, and grandson of Sir 
"William Clopton of Kentwell and Long Mel ford, co. Suffolk, by his first 
wife Joan, daughter of William Marrow, of London), who had sotis George 
Clopton, Thomas Clopton, and Townsend Clopf.07i. Thomas Clopton. son 
and heir of tiie aforesaid William Clopton, by wife Mary Waldergrave, had 
Sir William Clopton, who by wife Anne, daiighter of Sir Thomas Larnar- 
diston, was father of Ajane Clopton, sole heir to the knightly fimily of 
Clopton of Kentvrell Hall, co. Suffolk, and wife of Sir Symond D'Ewes, 

The aforesaid Sir William Clopton by second wife Thomasine, eldest daugh- 
ter of Thomas Knevets, was father of Ilichard Clopton of Groton, co. Suf- 
folk, whose sou William Clopton, by wife Margery daughter of Edmund 
Waldegrave, was faiher of William Clopton, who married Alice dauglitei" of 
Edmund D'Oyly, brother of Anne D'Oyly, second wife of Thomas Town- 
send, Esq., father of the said Henry Townsend, who by first wife ^Largeret 
Forthe, daughter of Robert Forthe, was cousin of JNIary Forthe first wife 
of .'ohn Winthrop, Esq., governor of New-England, who married for his 
second wife Thomasine Clopton, sister of the aforesaid William Clopton 
of Groton. 

Henry Townsend and Margaret Forthe were man-ied loS9-0O. and the 
said Margaret was buried at Bracon-Ash, June 23, 1590. They had : — 

\. EoBtr.T, bapt. June 8, 1591. 

ii. Arthur, " Nov. 16, 15'J3, who died young. 

iii. TiiuMAS, «• Jan. 8, 1594-5. 

iv. EtiZABExn. 

• By his second wife Anne, daughter and one of the heirs of Berthram 
Calthorpe, counsellor of the Middle Temple, Loudon, and of Antringham 
and Ormsby, co. Norfolk, he had it is supposed no issue, a.< his will 
which is quite lengthy speaks of none by her, and it gives an outline his- 
tory of the past 25 years of his life, a portion of which he appears to 
have spent at Gedding near Edwardston and Groton, co. Suffolk. Family 
tradition informs us, and we have sufficient evidence from this will and 
otherwise to prove that t;it8 estates of Henry Townsend were encumbered 
before the death of his fat'Lior, and he sold Bracou-Ash to Sir Edmund Riche 

TOL. ZXIX. 9* 

102 The Toicnshend Family. [Jan. 

in 1509. In tliis will, datftd Sept. 10, 162-4, and proved Aucr- 29, lG2o, ho 
appoints li'.s wtrll beioved Williiim Payne, of Nowton, co. Suffolk, gentla- 
man, his executor, and leaves his now' wife Anne an annual anuity of £40 
lawful nioney, towards her maintenanee durin" her life. 

To son Robert £100, to be paid him by sinns of £100 a year. To hi? 
C'ther son Thomas £30'), to be paid him in sums of £50 a year; and to his 
daughter Elizabeth £3o0, to be paid her in sums of £50 a year. He leaves 
numerous bequests to others, and the r.-sidue of all hi^ goods, chattels, ready 
money and debts of whatever kind and nature thfy be"i he wholly and free- 
ly gives to his executor towards his charg.^s, and for bringing his body de- 
cently to the earth. This Henry Towasend or Townshljud. for we find 
his name spelt in both ways, was buried at Gedding. co. Suffolk, Aug. 22, 
1C25, and the original copy of his will was delivered to his executor. An"-. 5, 
1626. ° 

^ His third son Thomas was born at Bracon-Ash, ami after the sale of the 
Norfolk estates he resided at Gedding, co. Sutfolk, until his majority, when 
he moved to the neighborhood of London, where his uncle Thomas Forthe 
resided, who was son and heir of Robert Forthe, IJ.C.L. and LL.D., de- 
ceased, whose funeral was solemnized at St. Gregory's Church, near St. 
Paul's, with heraldic ceremonies, Oct. 13, 1595 ; he havhig died the 3d of tho 
came, seized of the luauor of Le\ ehur;>f, in Lambert, and of Palmer alias 
Tylehurst in Croydeu, both near Southwark, co. Surrv. Tradition and 
family records inform n=:. that Thomas Townsend came from London, and 
settled at Lynn, in the colony of Massachusetts Bay, about 1635, and aa 
John "Uinthron, his cousin, was governor of this colony, it is probable that 
his puritanical inclination caused him to select a horaein New-Englan<btvhere 
many of his kinsmen and neighbors liad emigrated a few years before.^ His 
wife was Mary, probably a sister of John Newgate or Newdigate, a mer- 
chant ot Boston, who was born in Soutiiwark, near London bridwe, in 1590, 
and who in his will dated May S. 16G5. calls him brother-in-law!" and leaves 
him a legacy of £10, to be paid him within one year after his decease. 

1. Thomas To^,vn3ekd was granted GO acres of land with Lord Brook 
and others by the town of Lynn, in 1638, and he owned other lands near 
thej.ron works and at Rumney Marsh, Chelsea. His town-house and lot 
of 7 acres was on the south side the mill street near the common, and next 
the Mansfield property, and it was sold by his grandson Thomas, son of 
Andrew, to FJaniel Mansfield, of Lynn, July 25, 1702. 

Fie was made a freeman March 14, 1639, calls himself husbandman in his 
well-drawn deeds of gift to his children, and from his serving the cublic on 
more than one occasion, seems to have been an important citizen, and from 
papers bearing his name, and his beautiful autograph, now to be seen in the 
secretary of state's office in Boston, we have sufficient evidence of his ablii- 
ty. He died in Lynn, Dec. 22, 1677, aged 83, and his wife Mary died of 
camp-fever, probably at the house of her son Andrew, Feb. 28 1632. 
They had : — 

2. i. Thomas, bom about 1637. 

3. ii. Saittel, b. in Lynn ahoat 1633. 

4. iii. John, b. in Lynn about 1640. 

5. iv. ANDP.iiw, b. ia Lynn about iril"2. 

V. Ellzabetu, b. in Lynn about 1644; m. Samuel MansSeld of Lvnn 
Dec. 2-2, lG(i9. ' ^>^">- 

» A mos-s of circnmst.intiul evidonce to be er<')o.iit' 1 in s mcnioriul Toiuine Tvrheti ra'il-^h- 
cd h^3 FatHfi'.d 5.:vor.i! expert ■'encal,.?ists and mv^^olf tL^t Tliomis Townsend sou of Henrv 
and Margaret wa^s identical with the settler at Lyna. "cai ^ 

1875.] The Toicnshcnd Family. 103 

2. Thomas' (Tliomas^J, boru, supposed in Lynn, -R'hcre he lived n.nd 
(lied. He ninrried |.robal>ly IM:iry, diiuc,diter of Samuel Davis, was mem- 
ber of second cliurcli, r.oston, Oct. 30, 1081, and freeman IGS.'J. lie is 
left a legacy by bis fatber, in deed of jjift to bis brotlier Au<lrevv, Marcb 24-, 
lGLU-5, and bis will was proved July 1, 1700: leaves wife bis property, 
but if sbc uiarrie.s again it goes to bis cbildren. Appoints bis wife exeeu- 
trix. They bad : — 

i. Joseph, born 23 10th mo. IGGo. 
ii. Thomas, " Dec. 10, 1GG7. 
iii. Sus.^NNAn, b. Nov. 5, 1772. 
iv. JosDUA, > ^ J ^ ^ 21, 1G74. 

vi. Natuax, b. July 5, 1G77, 

vii. Priscii-la, b. Sept. 20, 1679. 

viii. EusnA, b. Sept. 9, 1680: d. Oct. 1, 1693. 

ix, BEXjAMfN, b. Jan. 10, 168-3. 

X. Hezkkiah, b. April 12, 1665. 

xi. Timothy, b. April 25, 16S8. 

xii. JosiAU, b.-MayS, 1690; d. Sept. 28, 1G95. 

xiii. TflOMAS, b. Oct. 1692. 

3. Samuel' (Thomas^ ), born in Lynn, and settled at Kumney jMarsh, 
or Chelsea, Mass., where he held several important otFiccs. IMarriod Abi- 
goil daughter of Saiuuol Dcivis, v.'ho leaves her a legacy. Ha was execu- 
tor for bis son Jeremiah's estate, which was proved 2s'ov. 19, 3 690. He 
was al-o executor for bis brother Andrew's estate, which inveaiory was 
taken March 10, 1G92-3, and was appointed guardian for bis children, Abi- 
gail and David. He lived and died in Chelsea, and bis gravestone is 
still to be seen in the old burying ground, bearing^ date Dec. 21, ITO-i. 
His wife died Jan. 2, 1728, aged 87. They had: — 

i. JKROfiAH, b. IGGO ; d. Sept. fi, 1690. 

ii. SAiiuEr,, b. 1662 ; d. Nov. 18, 1723 ; m. 1st wife Elizabeth, d. Nov. 20, 

1G99; 2d wife Eli?. Buckuam. 
iii. David, b. Feb. 29, 1C66 ; died an infant. 
iv. JoN-ATHAoT, b. Sept. 10, 1GG8 ; d. April 16> 1718 ; m. Elizabeth Waltbam, 

March 22, 1695, d. Mar. 30, 1749, aged 63. 
T. A:n\e, b. Jan. 30, 1672 ; d. Nov. 17, 1719 ; m. Abraham Coie, Sept. 30, 

vi. SoT,OMO\, b. Aug. 1, 1676 ; d. 17 — ; m. 1st wife Elizabeth Jarvis, June 

20, 1698 ; m. 2d wife Esther Sugars, 
yii. Eli-^s, b. March 2. 1678 ,• d. Nov. 1738 ; m. Eebecca. 
viii. Abraham, b. May 20. 1682 ; d. May 20, 1746 ; m. Mary Eustice. Nov. 30, 

1708, d. -Jan. 28, 1718 ; 2d wife Judith. 
6. ix. Isaac, twin brother of Abraham, b. ]May 20,1682 ; d. Jan. 16, 1718 ; m. 

Anne Ranger, July 6, 1703, d. Nov. 8, 1726, aged 50. 

4. JonN* ( Thomas^), born in Lynn, and settled in Reading, Mass. ; 
freeman IMay 8, 1G78. His father gave him a farm of GO acres in the town 
of Lynn. Nov. 2.3. 1G63, and be bought of Edward Taylor lands in Reading, 
June 1, lG7ii. His will is dated Jan. 15, 1722-3, and he is called of Lyna 
in the co. of Essex, yeoman; appoints son Daniel executor. 

First wife Sarah, dauirhter of John Pearson, m.-irried 3Iarch 27, 1C68. 
She died July 9, 1G89. ^He died Dec. 14, 172G-7. They bad: 

i. Georce, probably his pon, m. Rebecca. 

ii. Sarah, b. Sept. 4, 1673 ; m. Dcncon Brown Emerson. ■ 

iii. JoH^r, b. March 17, 1675 ; d. 17.57 ; ra. Sarah Boutwcll, 1698, b. 1677. 

iv. Marv, b. Sept. 2. 1677 ; d. July 6, 1717. 

v_. Hannah, b. Feb.' 11, IGbO. 

vi. KL[ZABr.Ty, b. Nov. 9, 1G83 ; m. Jonathan Nichols, April 11, 1753, 

vii, No/.n, h. Aug. 30, 1686 ; d. Dec. 15, 1713. 

viii. Ebenezer, b. July 3, 1689. 

104 The Townshend Family. [Jan. 

Second wife Mehitable, prob;il)Iy diiui^'hter of Nicholas Browr, married 
ApriJ '2i, IGOO, and died July, Moo. Tlit;y luid : 

is. Thomas, b. Oct. 7, 109-J ; d. June 1, 1716; m. 

X. iMEUiTABi.K, 1). Ai)ril iJS. 1G9.) ; d. Sept. 1. UIOj ; ic, 

si. IM.MUiiA, b. Awit. 11, 1G'j7; d. M;iyJ7, 17-JS) ; m. [172G. 

sil. L'A-MKL, b. Api-n 1, 1700 ; d. Oct. 10, 17U1 ; m. Lydia Sawyer, Oct. 18, 

r>. AxT^RKV,-' {llwri'ds^), horn iti Lynn; made freeman i^pril 18, 1001. 
His father gave him in deed of pft, dated June 1, 1C7-1, 2 acres of land, part 
of his tcvn lot, south side the ]Mill slioet near the commons in Lycn. Was 
a soldier iu Captain Gardner's company, and was wounded in the great battle 
fought with the Narragansett Indians iu Rhode Island, Dec. 19, 1G75, at^d 
his chiklreu were afterward granted lands in Worcester com.ty, Mass. He 
married, July 18, 1 G78, Abigail, daugliter of John Collins of Lyuu. They 
both died of camp fever, he on the lUth of Feb. 1C92, she ou the 22d of Feb. 
following. They had : 

i. Thomas, b. June 12, ir,79 ; d. 

ii. Abigail, b. Jan. 23, IGSO ; d. Feb. 22, IG92. 

iii. Elizabeth, b. ]*.Iav 21. 1033 ; d. 

i7. Maky, b. Julv 7, lC85; d. Dtv. U), 1685. 

V. AxDKE^v, b. Feb. 13, 1G8G ; d. Doc. 1688. 

vii. Daniel, b. Dec. 1GS8; married, had children, settled in Charleston, 

South Carolina. 
Tiii. David, b. April 6, IG'Jl ; m. Mabel Shippie. 

6. IsAAC^ (Samuel.^ Thomas' ), bom in Chelsea and settled in Boston. 
He bought, April 20, 171 G, lands on Winter Street, of Heury Uridgman, 
joining to Col. Penn Townseud's on N. W. and N. PI He was killed at a 
fire in Boston, Jan. IG, 1717-13, aged 37. Married, July G, 170:j, Anne, 
daughter of Edmund Ivaiiger, She died Nov. 8, 172G, aged 50. Thev had : 

i. Isaac, b. ^I'areh 25, 1701 ; d. April 26, 1785. in Boston. 

ii. Ebenezek, b. Jan. 2. 1705 ; d. Sent. 28, 1709, in Boston. 
7. iii. Jeremiah, b. Nov. 12, 1711 ; d. jiin. G. 1S03, in Xew-llaven. 

iv. -AxxE, b. June 27, 1711; d. June 2. 1744, in Eosron ; m. David Bell, 
Aug. 2." . 1735, d. Jun. 2, 1744-5. 

T. Eeenezek, b. June 22, 171G ; d. Dec. 3, 1775, in New-HaTen ; m. Eliza- 
beth Larman, Nov. 23, 1738, d. Aug. 30, 1784. 

7. Jeremiah* (Isaac,^ Samuel' Thomas^), born in Boston, Mass. 
Moved with his family and brother Ebeiiezer to New-Haven, Conn., where 
they ettled May 20, 173'J, He bought lands the year before (March 10, 
1738) of Mindwell Jones in the Governor's Quarters for £1G; also buvs 
Dec. 10, 1739, of Ebeuezer Mis, one-half of house and lot, one acre more 
or less, on the N. W. corner of the Oeen or Market Place. He a^ain buvs, 
April 6, 174:2, the oihei half tbr £200, Also house aud land of Elizabeth 
Perkins. His first wife wus Hannah, daughter of John Kneeland or Cleland 
of Boston, Mass.; married April IG, 1731. She died July 30, 1744, aged 
33. Married second wife, Kebecca I'arkman, widov,- of Captain Coit of 
Boston (who was lost on a voyage from the West Indies), Oct. 9, 174:G. 
She died in New-Haven, Jan. 15, 17Sc:', aged G7. 

Mr. Townsend left to his descendants a record of his family, together with 
a tradition which has been of tiio grcaiest assistance to the compiler of this 
genealogy. He died in New-Huven, Jan. 6, 1803. His children by first 
wife were : 

i. Jekemcah, b. Jan. 20, 1734 f?] ; d. Sept. 24, 1794, in New-Haven ; m. 

Abigail Woodbridire, d. Mhv 20, 17G8, aged 31. 
ii. Isaac, b. July 18. IT;;.'. ; d. N.iv, 28, 173G, iu New-IIaTen. 
S. iii. Isaac, b. Oct. 13. J737; d. June, 1818, in Ncw-Ilaven; m. Elizabeth 


1875,] The Townshend Family. 105 

iv. Jonx, b. July 02, 1730 : d. Nov. 30, 1730, in New-Haven. 

V. Samiki., b. Oct. 11, 1740; d. Auir- -0, 1795, in Kabt-ilaven ; m. Sarah 

Ti-eadwuv, d. Feb. 7, ISOl, iiuod Gl. 
vi. Hannau, b. Nov. 29, 171-^ ; d. J\lay 31, 1773, in Now-IIaven. 

His children by acconil wife, IJoljuOca (rai-kuicin) Coit, were: 

vii. Natdamel, b. Oct. 10, 1717; d. 1818, in Norwich, Coun. ; m. Hannah 

H'lfrlies, d. 1802, aj;'(d ■12. 
\iii. Joux, 'b. Av.'j. 1, 1717[?]; d. Feb. li^33, in New-Haven, Conn.; m. 

Martha P.eardsley, d. Nov. 7, 1749[?]. aged 45. 
. . ix. Krr.Ki CA, b. Dec. 14, 17.51 ; d. 1300. 
X. AVii.LiAii, b. Dec. 7, 1753 ; d. 
si. Timothy, b. Nov. 10, 1755; d. Feb. 15, 1832; m. Hannah Ailing. 

8. IsAAC^ [Jerainah* Isaac," Samuel' Tliomas^), boru in Hoston, tame 
a child to New-Haven with his parent.s. Commenced business in New- 
Haven, but moved to Stratford, Conn., about 17G3, wiiere he owned lauds, 
and most of his chii(i?en wore born. About 1783 he removed to New-H;i.ven, 
where he lived the remainder of his life. His wife was Elizabeth, daughter 
of Jacob and Abigail (Butler) Hitclicock, of Spriugtield, Mass., boru Aug. 
5, 1741, died Nov. 9, 1792. They had: 

i. Elizaeetu, b. Nov. 1, 17G2 ; d. Jan. 15, 1842, unmarried. 
9. ii. Isaac, b. Feb. 4, 1765; d. Nov. 5, 1841 ; m. Kl-oda Atwutjer. 

iii. Kneeland, b. Mardi 20, 1767 ; d. May 15, 1844; m. Sarah Thompson. 
iv. Jacob, b. xlpril !(!, 17G'J ; d. May 7, 1652 ; m. lirst wife, Betsey Clark ; 

second wife, Eunice Atwater. 
V. Arigail, \ . £ ;pt. 4, 1771 ; d. May 30, 1814, unmarried. 
vi. Marv, b. Jan. 29. 1774 ; d. Dec. 2G, 1788, unmarried. 
vii. Sarah, b. 1776 ; d. May 1, 1844 : m. Joel Atwater. 
viii. A.VNE, b. May 20, 1779 ; d. Nov. 18, 1861, unmarried. 
is. William, b. Mr.y 12, 1781 ; d. July 23, 1849 ; m. Maria Lampson. 

9. Isaac** {Isaa-^^' Jerci.iiah* Isaac? Samuel,' Uiomas^), born in Str-it- 
ford, Conn. In the year 1781, when but 16 years of age, he joined a Con- 
necticut regiment under the command of Col. Meigs, and served umil the dose 
of the war of the revolution. He commenced business as a merchant in 
New-Haven, 17o3-9, and was largely interested in mercantile pursuits by 
land and sea. "SVas interested in landed estates in Virginia, Vermont, Con- 
necticut and Ohio, In the latter state he was joint owner with his brothers 
of the town of Townsend, Huron co. During the last war with England he 
was with his son Isaac Henry (late professor of la v in Yale College) taken 
prisoner by one of the enemy's armed vessels cruising in Long Island sound, 
while on the passage to New-Haven from New- York on board the packet 
sloop '' Susan." Oct. 9, 1814. They were taken to Plum Island and de- 
tained on H. B. Majesty's ship " Pomone," Captain Carteret, until ransomed. 

Mr. Townsend retired from active business soon after the war on an ample 
fortune, and his business was successfully carried on by his sons. He married 
Rhoda, daughter of David and Eliza.beth (Bassett) Atwater, April 11, 1795. 
She was born in Hamden, Conn., May 13, 1766, and died in New-Haven, 
April 10, 1840, aged 74 years. They had: 

10. i. William Kneela.vd, b. June 3, 1796 ; d. Sept. 23, 1849. 

ii. Elizacetu Mary, b. Feb. 18. 1798 ; m. Isaac Beers, Nov. 26, 1821. 

iii. Isaac Atwater, b. Dec. 2, 1790; d. June, 1S03. 

iv. Charles He.nrt, b. June 26, 1801 ; d. July 1, 1803. 

V. Isaac Henry, b. April 25, 1803 ; d. June 11, 1847. 

vi. Jane Marie, b. ilay 1, 1805 ; d. Dec. 15, 1814. 

vii. George Atwater, b. Oct. 28, 1807 ; m. first wife, Julliet Sanford ; 

second wife, Mildred Parker. 
viii. Emily Alglsv.i, b. Sept. 28, 1610; m. David Sanford, of NewtoTvn, 

Conn., Occ. 5, 1831. 

lOu The. Toiunshetcd Family. [Jan. 

10. William Kxeklano^ (Isaac,^ Isaac,^ Jeremiah,* Isaac,' Samuel,' 
Thomas^), born in New-Haven, eiiiiCMted at the Hopkins Graaimnr 
School, and commeuced life as a mcrf'hant. — Was lieutenant of 2d com- 
pany governor's horse gnards of the State of- Connecticut — -justice of the 
peace and representative fur the tuwu of I'Last-Haven to the Connecticut 
state afsembly. About 1800, on account of ill health he retired fn^ru 
business and made his residence at r>ayrid;x<-% liaynhani, in the town of Kast 
Haven, a property whicii ho bout^ht of his father and uncle some time before, 
■which was once a part of the original grant by the New-Haven colony to 
Willi;un Tuttle, the maternal ancestor of liis wife Eliza Ann eldest daughter 
of Hervey and Nancy (Bradley) Mulford. whom he married Dec. 3, 1820, 
and was born in New-Haven, Nov. 2G, 1798, and now living, 1874. Tills 
lady's lineage has been traced back to more than fifty of the first settlers of 
New-England, among them John llowland and John Tillv pilgrim fathers of 
the "Mayflower," 1620. They had :— 

11. i. William Isaac, b. Nov. 28, lSO-3. 

12. ii. Ja^ies MrLFORD, b. Jan. 20, 1825. 

iii. George Henry, b. in New-Haven, Dec. 28, 1826; married Ooc. 22, 
18fi2, Hilary Gertrude, dau^ditrr of .James and ^Ituccarct (Snedef'ker) 
Buckelew, of Jamesburir, N. J., where she v/as Lorn Nov. 12, 18C6. 
iv. Frederick Atwater, b. in Ncw-IInven, March 23. l-^-^O, 
V. KoEERT Raikes, b. in Etst Haven, Dec. 22, lS3i ; d. .June 30, 1357; 
m. Mar. 2i, lbJ3, Almira N., dau. of H'^v.eiiiah and Nanoy (Land- 
fair) Tuttle, of Pair Haven, Conn., where she was b. Oct. 17, lb33. 

13. vi. Charles Hervey, b. Nov. 26, 1833. 
vii. TiMOTBTY ]3eers, b. Nuv. 21. 1835. 

14. viii. Edward Howard, b. April 8, 1810. 

ix. Eliza Mclford, b. Dec. 3. 1812, in East Haven ; married Oct. 13, 1863, 
Charles Augustus Lindiley, of New-York. 

11. WlLLlAir IsAAo^* (WiUlam A'.,' JsaacJ^ Tsaac,^ Jcrernlah^ Laac,' 
Samuel,^ Thomas^ ), born in New-Haven ; married April 22, 1850, Elizabeth 
B., daughter of Col. Masou A. and Elizabeth (Bradley) Durand, of New- 
Haven, where she w^as born April 7, 1828. They had : — 

i. Elizabeth Dprand, b. Feb. 11, 1851; d. May 27, 1857. 

12. James Mulford^ ( William K.~' Isaac,^ Isaac,^ Jeremiah,* Isaac,^ 
Samuel,^ Thomas^), born in New-Haven; married Sept. 1, 18-17. Maria 
Theresa daughter of Epaphras and Sarah (Hall) Clark, of Middletown, 
Conn., where she was born Oct. 10, 1826. They had: — 

i. William Kxeeland, b. June 12, 1818 ; married July 1. 1874, Mary 
L., daughter of Winston J. and Mary (Leavenworth) Trowbridge, 
of New-Uiiven, Conn. She wa.s born in Barbadoes, May 6, 1857. 

ii. James Mclford, b. May 26, 1852. 

13. Chakles Heuvey* ( William A'.,' Isaac. ^ Isaac'" Jeremiah* Isoac,^ 
Samuel,^ Thomas^ ),\)Oxn in East-Haven; married April 2G, 1871, Mary 
Ann, daughter of Henry and Elizabeth (Prescott) Hotchkiss, of New- 
Haven, where she was born Dec. o. 1839. They had : — 

i. HE:iST UoTCHKfSS TowNsuE-\D, bom in New-Haven Sept. 30, 1974. 

14. Edward Howard' (William K.,^ Isaac, ^ IsaarJ> Jeremiah,* Isaac' 
Samuel,' Thomas^ ). horn in East Haven; married April 28. 18G9. Alice 
Eliza, daughter of Calei) S. and Mary (Foster) ]Maltby, of New-Haven, 
Conn. She was born April 4, 184.'3, in Triadelphia, Va. Thev had: — 

i. ilA.o), b. in Ntw-Uaven, June 21, 1871 ; died July 25. 1871. 
Colonial history mentions several of the name who emigrated from 


Brool'Jield Minvte-Mcn, 1774. 



England to the American colonies in the 17th century, and as many of their 
lesceiiilmtr, now claim the Norfolk family as the "parent stem,"' the com- 
piler cannot close this attempt to record hh own family witliout niakiu'/- 
mention or" th^ni. j\»ie nicK-.^rc "f t>v..Mr soveral f-irnilics v.ere : — Richard. ot' 
James-citj, Virginia, 1620; William, of Eoston. Mass., 1C:U; Martin,' of 
"^YatertowD, Ma;-:^., lG4i; John lleiirv and l^idiard (hrotliers), of New- 
Englaud aud New- York, 1 (J 10-50; IJichaid, of Philadelphia, 1G82 ; Jo- 
seph, of Philadelphia, 1712. 

The exact relati<)Ui-iiip these Townsends bore to each other has not yet 
been dru^rmined, but enough has been discovered by lute researches in 
England to suggest that they were of the same fondly. A thoiough search 
will perhaps conncLt all the American pioneers wi'th the chief family of 
Kaynham, Norfolkshire. 


The foUowine is a copv of a " covenant " entered into by a company of minu^e-tnen 
in Urookiicld in 1774, which was found ainon^!? the papers of the Jate D;iaifcl GU- 
j?,v^' ^"l"' '^f-^'^ci^'^^-' BrooktieM, Mass. bouie of the names are baijiy writrtn and 
dilhcul; to decypner. Uevrv F. Waters. 

We the subscribers, Inlisted agreeable to the vote of the provincial Con- 
gress as minute or Piequit men in the Town of Brookfield for the term of 
six months after the date. dL-c. under the command of Joseph Gilbert, Cap- 
tain, and Will'". Avers, First Lev', and Peter Harwood, 2=^ Lev'-, and Abner 
How Ens", do hereby solemnly covenant and agree that we will muster, 
exercise and do our utmost to obtain the art military, and subject ou'-selvss 
to the command of our ?;ad captain and the subalterns of his comi^any by 
us chosen and appointed, and if any dispute shall arise or if any of' us shall 
not give such obediance to his and their order as he or thev shall think 
Reasonable and Just the same shall be Determined by the Major part of 
the Company; and we severally agree that we will at all times submit to 
such jrder discipline and censure as shall be so determined, 
hands this fourteenth day of November 1774. 

John Rancfer David Chambers 

Witness our 

Jonathan Marbel 
tJohii Stovens 
Will- Watson jun^ 
Tim/.thy Hall 
David "Watson 
^iam' W arson 
Rubn Hamblton jun'' 
John Pit;il 
Robert Cuaham 
James Wa.-^hbourn 
Weymau Bartlett 
M^'Ouesep' Ayres 
Solomon Barns 
Emery ^VO-iHock 
Moses Ayres jun 

Jonath. Barns 
Daniel Barns 
Joseph "Wate 
Charles Knowlton 
Jonas Brigham 
Joseph Stevens 
Ezra Richmond 
Asa Wate 
Obiliah Rice 
Merrick Rice 
Abner Bartlett 
Joha Hubbard 
Will"' Bowman 
Benj. Wclliiigfoa 
Joseph Gilbert 

William Ayres 2"^ 
Peter Harwood 
Abner How 
Joseph Bush, jun : 
Reuben Gilbert 
Obd\ Bartlet 
Belh' Washburn 
Atkin Babbet 
Josiah Hinchar 
Abner Bruce 
Wm™ Barns. 
Benj. Ayer 
Char'. Bruce 
Peter Washbon 
Hope Eilsoa 

108 Destmction of the Toiim of York. [Jan. 


Taken fro-ji a mannsc-Ipt found amopg the papers of the late Judge David SEW.vr.r., supposed 
to ha', e been writt. n in I'l'sz. Coiiiui. by the Hon. Josioru^j, of lielfast, Jle. 

Our Fathers, ivhere are thoy'l and the Prophets, do they live 
forever'} — Zacii. l-o. 

THIS (lay, being the 2.5 Jan'y, O. S., brings to our remembrance what 
we have heard (handed down by tradition) from our fathers who arc 
all long sinre numbered v/ith the dead, and what is also recorded in the 
page of history by several writers soon after the ruelancholly transaction • 
took place, how tlie inhabitants of the town of York were suddenly 
surprised and atti'.cked, one luindred years ago, this very morning, by the 
cruel and merciless savages of the wilderness. What numbers the 
inhabitants consisted of, at the time of this carnage, has never been 
correctly ascertained. But they were so considerable as to have a settled 
minister for some years preceeding. The Rev. Shubael Dummer, was that 
fatal Monday morning, shot down near his own door, not far fi'om where 
the late Elder Richard IMilbury lived (then about 19 years of age), and 
where his descendants of the 3 & 4 generations now occupy. From the 
best accouncs- we have, about 50 persons were killed outright, and 100 
captivated. The houses and property on this (north) side of the river, 
where the principal settlement and improvements were made, were all 
burnt and destroyed, except four garrisoned houses, viz., Alcock's, Prebble's, 
Harmon's and Norton's. ^Vfter this sad catastrophe, it is said, the 
inhabitants had serious thoughts of abandoning the tov.-n altogether, but a 
majority of them determined to remain. Such, however, Vvas their 
extreme poverty, and to so low a situation were they reduced by this 
destruction of persons and property, that a few years after, the town, in 
their corporate capacity, by their agents, contracted with a person in 
Portsmouth to come and erect a mill for grinding corn into meal : and 
besides large grants of land in timber, agreed that all the inhabitants 
sh( uld, always afterwards, carry their corn to that mill while it should be 
kept up for that puj-pose. "What numbers remained after the destruction, 
does not now appear; probably, 150, as many as were killed and 
captivated. Indeed, 150, from the usual increase of new settlements, by 
doubling in twenty years, would now have amounted to 4800. But we 
find fi'om. the enumeration of the inhabitants made the last year, they 
scarcely amounted to 3000, from whence we may calculate, that more may 
have at various times emigrated from the town for the last 100 years, than 
have come into it from other places. 

The meeting-house which was standing at that time, and wluch remained 
several years afterwards, was near or upon the spot where the late David 
Bragdon's dwelling-house now stands (about 100 rods south of the present 
meeting-house). In that house, the Rev. Samuel Moody preached some 
years ; after which, the people increasing in this part of the town, and 
finding the said house too straight for them, erected the present house of 
worship in the year 1747. About the year 1735, the town was divided 
into two parishes, in which have been three settled ministers, (viz. Dummer 
& Moody, 1 [Parish] & Chandler, 2 [Parish.] 


j^ofes and Queries. 



Heraldic Queuv.— Doui;- 
lass Merritt, of this city, a 
uicmljei' of the New- York 
Gcricalo,2ical ami I'>iogia|)hi- 
cal iSocicty, i?a\v in a hi;raMic 
work, supposed to be the 
sketch! MX)k of pome Xevv- 
ErirhiT.d llenild Painter, evi- 
dently about 40 to 50 jcars 
obi, a drawing of the arm.", 
of which tlie wood-cut is a 
copy and whic!-. wcreascrihed 
to a lamily cf -Merritt. lie 
wislies to know what fainily 
_ ^ claimed the arms, or at lea^^c 
V y Cjto know somewhat of its bis- 

ilie book was eaid to have 
been the proj^ertyof a furaier 
engraver of Boston. li lay 
memory serves me ri^ht, hit? 
name was W'acner, and he is 
since dead. Tiic book Ls in 
the possession of John^ J. 
La t ting, of the New- York 
Genealogiciil and Biographi- 
cal Society. Jaiies Usuek. 

9 Murraij Si., N. Y. 

Hale.— A family history of 
the descendants of Thomas 
Hale, of Newbury, Mass. 
_ (1635), in both male and fe- 

male lines, is in course of preparation. All information relative to the family is de- 
sired. Address, Robert S. Hale, Elizabethtown , £ss< x Co. , N . 1 . ; I-lgene hale, 
Ellsworth, Maine ; Geo. S. Hale, 39 Court St., Eosto:., Mass. 

Hc^aocK. (Suffolk Co. Deeds, ssxii.-139.) Johanna Stone and Hannah Batt.r 
widows, of Boston, and Warwick Palfray and wife Elizabeth, ot >-a em, turee 
daii-. and co: h: of Johanna Hunlock, of Boston, dec'd, convey real estate to Joun 
AV'heclwriirht. Jonathan WiUiams had m. Mary another heiress. 

KiMEALL Family [Register, vol. sxviii. 241].— Elizabeth, widowof vV^Iliam^Rey- 

ner ; ' " 


1658, ,, ....>.u.^...j..^. ,,,..-..-.-.,...., ^-- ..-.„. /, ' .. r • I u p 

marrying woman, and, not content with her Ibrm^er experience, alter tae dea ti of 
her third husband, Kimball, she took to herself a fuurth, viz. : Daniel KiUiara, 
Sen., of Ipswich, with whom she unites in a deed, -25 Dec, 1079, conveying to John 
Lambson the " privilege and commona2:e belonging to ye huuse^ y' tormeriy w'aa sd 
Gilbert's and Raynor's"; the said hou^e '• standing in Ipswien buunds on Norm 
fide of Boston Roa>l as he enters into Wenham from Ipswich :— AcKnowkdged 
by Elizabeth KUham, lUch June, VJ^i. Wit. Samuel Adams and lsaac_Comms. 

Henkt F. Water3. 



110 Notes and Queries. [Jan. 

GlLEERT, BEXJAUtX AVD JoSKPH, xMlLITARY CoflflSSIOVS, 1744-1770.— '« WilFam 

bhirk-y, iL<q an,! Ciovprnor in Cl.i-f in and over His Majc;stY's 
Province o{_ the Ma.ssaohuPotts Jlay in Nmv-KncrlanJ, &c. ' 

"To Benjamin Gilbert, Gentiemr.c." Apfmhitin:^ " the said Benj. Gilbert to bo 
ensign ot tiie Cun-,pany i;nJci- tnc ouiuiiuu.a uf Captain John Dmj.^e, 'in the rt-inif-nt 
wiiercotLoMert Hal! Esq. is colonel, boin- part of the forces ^rai^ed with ill tlMS 
I rovipce for an expodit;on a^rain^t Gap.- ]^ret...n, of which Forces William Peppereli 
Ls(^. _is appointed CoinmocJer in Gliiur.'' &o. &c. 

Ihiscommissiun Mas signed by Gov. Shirley on the seventh of February, 1714. 
. ^^Y^ " Thomas Tlutchinson, E-quire; Captain-General and Governor in Chief 
in and over His Majesty's Province of .Massaehusett-Bay and Vice Adn-iii-ai of 
tuc sonic 

"To Joseph Gilbert, Gentl"." Appointing "the said Joseph Gilbert to be 
Lientenant of the tiard military Company ot Foot, in the Town of Brookiield, 
whereof James Converge is Captain, and in the ]Ugi,nent of Militia in the County 
&t ^\ orcester, whereof John .Alurray, Esqr. is Colonel " 

Dated 27th of April, 17T2. 

+ai?pn hv ^'!| ^f i"^,"''' ^-r^ Lieutenant Gilbert - took the oath appointed to be 
taken b3 Act of Parliament instead of the oath of Allegiance and Supremacy, re- 
fh^ .'.A''" •'•^'^^^^■^^I'r'i 1^:?,/%^ orDeelnrafion therein contained, and likewise took 
the oath re^^pecting the Bills of credit of the Xei.dibourini: Governments " 
7 .^ A^i^J*^" ^ ^" ^^ '''-,'; f-'^f-VciL of the Massachusctls-Bay in Xew-Enrjland To 
Mfl?f^ ,-?? ' ^T'7s^ Appointing him "colonel of the fourth Icl-iment of 
MilUia m the count}' of U orcester. " = ^ 

Given ac Vrateitov/u the 14th of February 177G. 
Sakm, Mass. U_ ^ ^y^,^^,_ 

Atkin-sox,, Obek.v. Wixsi.ow.-In the Kegistf.r for January, 1874 fxxviii 
83], was given the connection of Theodore Atkinson, 4th, with " my relatirm Gt-or-e 
King to whom he bequeathed property. The closing parairraph, regarding A)?i- 

Sven me' b'- J^'''iw '"''^6 f-' ^^^^'^^ ^"d coiTcct from information 

given me rij d . t . Irott, h-'i., ot rvia^ara Falls, N. \. 

John \Vin?low, s,jn of J,,au, and born in imd, maiTied, 18 June, IRS9, Ablr-^iii 
S Ibe'^'i^^re Atlanson M. lie died 1 January 1G94-5. They had clJil- 

1. Elizabeth "Winskn-, born 23 Aoril, ln92. 

2. John Winslow, born 31 Dec. 1(3L>3 ; married 21 Sept. 1721, Sarah Pierce Ti- 

died at sea, 15 Octo. 1731, and his widow married, in 1749, Nathanie'' 
Sarpnt, of Portsmouth, N. II. S!ie dic<l 8 An-ust, 1771. A son! 
Joshua V. insl;-iw. was paymaster in the Britisli army ^ 
Abigail (Atkinson), widow of Juhn Winslow, married (2(1),' 11 May, 1702 J-^mcs 
Oborne (sometimes written O.b.rne) . i(e ,lied 24 x\ov. 1712.' Thev had childr™ 

1. Abigail Obornc born j March, 17(?2-3 ; married ^Villiam King, and was the 

mother ol George Km-, "my relation." ° "as tue 

2. William Oborne, born 13 July, 1706. 

3. James Oborne, born 16 Sept" 1707 : died 1709. 

nu'liifS^SLwir^dtd"'''"' °' ■''"'" °'""-°=' "="*^ <3^) « Sept. 

1. Richard Penhallow, born 30 December, 1715. 

It will be seen that this substitutes " Oborne " in nlaceof " Obera " and m-ke=. 

rh^TV^u '""''■ '' " ^•^•^rr'";^'^^^-^^ ^^ '' ''^''"' ^^'il '^^ New-Hamp.hfre 
174i "'^^° ^^^® ^'^^''^ ^^'^"^ "" ^'^'^"''^ ^"^^^ o*" " --^^^^^ua Winslow," dated 

' Neio-Bedford, Mass. ^- ^- ^''"'^^• 

WiSiiBur.N-[RzoiSTER,xsviii. 33!]. -Edward Tilson. who was born in En-land 
came over with his wile Joanna and oae or two of ids children, and S'-ed if p"v- 
mouth before 163H. lleu.ed in 1(109, '• very aged " ; he had live ch iSen T e 
^oungest,Ephralm, married EI.zal,eth, daughter of William Iloskins J ly 7 ifiO* 
Ephraim died Oct. 8, 1715. " u-e<l.'' His Inorth chi'd vis M^-pv ^'. ' ■ \ 

Canton, Macs. D. T. V. Hu^^toon. 


N'otes and Queries. 


WnAnF.',G£, Kates on Long Wdarf, Boston, in 1771 and 1871, respectivelt 

Barrels jMcrcb'lz*^ 

llhib. feV,!t 

Bundles Hay 

Sbinirles, per ]M. 

Boards " 

Mahosany " 

Staves " 

Merchuz'^, per ton 

Dockage per day, 
for small vessels 

one penny each. 
two pence " 


one shillins 


Barrels, 4 cts. each — 

- Equal to three ponce, 
llhds. Salt, 8 cts. cuch — 

Eiiual to six pence. 
Bundles Ul.iy, Ci ct8. each — 

Equal to four and halfpence- 
Shingles, 10 ctt^. pur M.— 

Equal to seven and foar-lifths pence. 
Boards, 10 cts. per M. — 

Equal to twunty-ciLiht k, B-lOchs pence. 
Mahogany, 50 ct.s. IWr 480 feet- 
Equal to scveuty-fivc pence. 
Staves, 80 cts. pjer M. — 

E(iaal to fifty-eight pence. 
Merchandize, 30 to 40 cts. per t^rt. — 

Equal to twent^'-oiie to 'JO jj^nce. 
Dockage per day, > 75 cts. — equal to 
for small vessels, 5 4s. Gd. 

The rates in 1771 were computed in colonial currency, at 63. to the -SI- 
The corporate name of what is commonly styled Long Wharf, is " Boston Pier 
or the Long Wharf." George Watson Pres'.ott. 

Wharfinger's Clerk. 

Grew, XEnKMun, M.D., F.R.S. — Can any of yoiir readers inform me if this cele- 
brated naturalist, who died in 1712, left any children? His biographers dllfcr 
materially in their statements regarding liis age. The Rev. Frederick Leigh Colville, 
M.A., a "^recent writer, savs of liim in "The Worthies of Warwickshire who lived 
between 1500 and ISOO": "*' He was esteemed the first and most eminent vegetalde 
anatomist and physiologist of this country, was the son of Dr. Obadiah Grew ot 
Coventry. He was bijrn in 1G44 " (this date diO'ers from some authorities vlio 
state heVas born in 10-23), •' proliably at Atherstone, and received baptism at the 
adjoining church at Manoetter." 

The w -iter is acquainted with the general biographical sketches of Nehoniu^h 
Grew, and of his father the Rev. Dr. Obadiah Grew, who was a prominent fi.nire in 
the troublous times of Charles the First, having twice interceded with Cromwell 
for the life of the king, and was one of the non-conformists who suflercdpei>ecuti'*u. 

Anthony a Wood, C'alamy, and Granger, contain a variety of inf.jrma ti.>n con- 
ccriing these two persons, but nothing uf their descendants, with the exception of 
th( lo.cter authority perhans, who seems to be of the opinion that descendants cither 
lineal or collateral, of the'Rev. Dr. Obadiah Grew, were living in England al-out tin- 
time of his writing. It is presumed that some of them, or at lease a culLitenil 
braiiidi, came to America, as a family bearing this name from Warwickshire .-etrled 
in IJu-ton in the last centurv. Williams Library, of London, which is .said to be rich in MSs. relating io 
the non-conformists, may contain sometliing which will throw li_:;ht on t.iis ques- 
tion. Any informatiun on this subject will be most thankfully acknuwlei'.geu. 
Canukn, Ncic-Jersey. Williau Joun PottS- 

• KtniARDsoN Family [Register, vol. xxviii. p. 327, foot-note]. — Mr. Wyman 
tclL me tliat Lvdia (wife of Benjamin) Richard^^on was daughter of R.iLert .Scoj;, 
who came from Barbadoes before ItiD-J — and h;idwife Esilicr. Lydia was bant. 11 (7) 
1693, Oit. aht. 20, and mar. 1st, Samuel Vv'hittcmure (son of Samuel and Hannah), 
and 2J,Benj. Richardson. H. E. Waters. 

PrERCE.— To which family of tins name did William Pierce, who was living be- 
tween 17(iU and 17G9, belong? Has any one papers or ancient documents from 1700 
to 17CD. inclusive, in which the name of this periou is mentioned? Where and 
when-iiil he die? B. T. R. 

^ew-Yorfi, N. Y. 

112 I^oles and Queries* [Jan. 

Baxkks, llATnoRN-E, MoREY. [Fmui Ks5ex Co. Court Papers.] — Did Major Wil- 
liam llatliiirnc, of Salem, ami Riii:;i.t Mdi-pv, of J'ruviilfiii'P. marry sisters of Lydia 
Baiikes, soraetime of ISalem, N. K., ami afterward of Maidr-toiio, Co. of Kent, IOdit- 
land? I lind tlirue L.'lt.rH from Mrs. Uanke-: to Mnj^r Ifithonio, -".vvittfii at Maid- 
stone. Uue, uf Juno 11, 104G. call? liiui '* Dear Umther," and speaks of thing's 
" left \v''' uiy brutlier .Moooery."' Ariotlier, of August "28, 1016, begins, " Bcioued 
^rotlur." She irad " soiit a letter \<y Mr. KIdred V' and elie airaiii refers to tldniia 
left " ac ray lirother Morics." The 1'. S., which I copy entire, seems to refer to Sir 
Georc/e Doicnin^; ; it runs as fiillows : — " pray let my indi.'rred rosnect be presented 
to your wife as all so to M": Downind i her hosband desiring tlicm to reioyce wiili 
nie for that the l.)rd is pies to make her sone a Instremcnt of praise In the hartes 
of tuse [those] that re^oyee to hear tiio Sjierrit of poured forth apon our 
yo'jg men according to his word let her know tliat he prech In our toun of maid- 
ston a day or to btfor this letter wa-;s wrot to tlie great soport of our Sperites.''" 
The third letter i.-, dated 18th April, lf;iy ; in it she desires to know whether she hae 
anything in Mr. Buarman's hands, " nt Iiiswich ; " speaks of " 19"^ in goodman 
Johnson's Liinds," and " those tliiuirs in linger Moories hands." * • • "Let 
my christian respects be presented to my deare sister y wife " Sec. &c. In a P. S. 
she says, " luy Brother liead huth written to you this ycare." ^lajor Hathorne 
seems to have been acting as her agent or attorney to manage, or rather to sell, her 
estate in this country and remit to her the jiroceeds. I find his bill of exchange or 
'• M/ Pvoliert Hathorne at M'- Jolin Winch; s one Ludgat hill locdon." — 19. lOber : 
1G31. And in his account current he snecilies 

" Bill of exchange on my brother, paid by m". Winch in London 100'^ 

"l)itf;re'jc.?up:.nei^charigc 25''' 

" Journey to Providence to Roger !Murie," &c. &c. 
These papers were used in a case to determine tlie ownership of the Plains Farm, 
formerly belv^mring to Col. Jolm Uuiiiphnij, adjoining to the farm of Mr. Hugh 
Pe/fr5, in Marbkhead, and that of 3/r. Kinr/,ixt Swampscott. ^Major Tiathorns's 
wife was Ann. 11. F. Waters. 

Elagite. — Who can communicate anytliing about Henry Blague, of Braintrce, who 
died in Bjston, 166-2, or of his chilircn, more th;\n what Savage says? Was 
Ji>eph Blague, who married ilartha Kirtland in Saybrook, Feb. 10, 1685. his son ? 

Saybrook, Ci. E. P. Blaci'e. 

Pedigree of Gorge? hnt'', 42-7]. — The fjllowing additions and corrections to 
the article of the Rev. Frederick Brown, M. A., F.S.A., on the Gorges family have 
been furnished us by the autb.or after esamininu; the printed sheets sent to him ; 

^hlry, thesecond wifeof John-"' (iorgessonof .>;r Ferdinando, was the daughter of Sir 
John 5leade. not P. Mead as printed on pa'_'e-12. It is correctly printed on paa-e 4f3. 

William* Gorges son of Sir Edward (p. 1-*) was bnr,ti:?ed at ^Vraxall , P'eb. 2, 1605-6, 
and I believe is the same man who ^x-.\~!.niri'd at Wraxall, Feb. 0, 165S-9, as '' Mr. 
William Gorges." He is described by Savage as returning to England, after 1636, 
Of Frances* Gorrres, sister of tiie prec< din::, there is noreeoi'd of baptism at "^S' rax- 
all, but it is quite certain that she married John Luttrell, second son of Andrew 
Luttrell, F.«i., of H.:rti:nd, Devon, before 1610. as among the Wraxall baotisms 
is thai, of '-John Luttrell son of Mr. J.-lm Luttrell, Get. 21, 1610." Her husband, 
John LuttrelFs will, was proved Marcl, -26. 1616-17, and her own will, aa Frances 
Southcott. widow, was proved Xm-. t}."}. 1661. 

Dudley* Gorges, daucrhter of Sir Arthur. This christian name is correct. — 1619, 
Aug. 12. Married in Chel-ea chun-h. Sir Ro'^crt Lane and Mrs. Dudley Gorges, 
daughter of Sir Arthur Gorges — 16t.7, Aug. 21, Buried Dame Dudley Lane. Kig 
•will was proved Oct, 2, 1621 ; her v.ill, .Sopt. 17, 1607. 

Douglas, daughter of Vi-count Bindon and wife ol' Sir Arthur Gorges. Her bap- 
tism is on the reirister of Stratf.>rd le B nv ehureh, Jan. 29, 1.571-2. " 

Will of Ferdinando Gorg.'S, Ks<|r. of A.-ldey, Wilts, Feb. 2. 1737. The Manor 
&c. of Ashley to my kin.-!a;'.n, John Bere-lord. My bister, Cecilia Kingham. com- 
monly called Moody, widow. My C'.u.-iu,_Marj- iForne, of Asldey, widow. My 
cousin Mary Williams, daughter of Mr. Wikou Williams of Avlesburv. Proved 
Feb. 20, 1738. 

F'^rdiuando Gorges of A-!dry was the last -mivlc deseen.lant of Sir Ferdinando 
Gorires. I think tf'at all tiie i^er-' ;ns nirntioned in hi< will were his kinsmen on iiis 
■wife's side, excpiit Cecilia, his si-ter, wli o was baptized at St. Margaret'^, Westuiiu- 
star, June 22, 1670 ; but who her iiusliand was, I know not. 

John Beresford was buried at ^Vshley 17-12. 

1875.] H^ecroloyy of 11 istorlc. Genealogical Society. '^'■' ' 113 


Prepared by the Rev. Doncs Clarke, D.D., Ilistoriograpbcr. 

The lion. O^kks Amks, a life menilier and benefactor of this society, was born in 
Easton', Mass., Jan. 10, IbOl, and died in his native town, May 8, lb7.3, in his TOtli 
year. lie w-as the sixth in descent frum Williaia^ Arms, wlio emii^rated l'roiii_ Driitun 
in Sonu-rsctshire, Eug., and settled in Braintree, JMa.^s., tliroiigh Jolin^- Thu'tms,^ 
Capt. Jo/ui* and Oliver,' his fatiicr. lli.s muther -svas iiu'^anna, dauglitcr (^f Oalies 
An^ier, Eeq., of Lridgewater, df.sccnded from Ed/nund^ Angicr. of Cambridge, 
through the Kev. Smnucl," 11. C. 1(573, and the Jlev. John,^ 11. C. 17:20, hi.s father. 
Mr. Ames's maternal ancestor, IvJmund^ Angier, married Kuth, danghter of the 
Kev. Dr. William Ames, an Engli:-h Puritan author of great celebrity. Tliougb 
not descended in the paternal line Irom this famous divine, as has been sometimes 
asserted, .Mr. Ames, through his mother, inherited the blood (jf t'lat wortliy nian._ 

lie -was the oldest of eight children. Jlis father was a manufacturer of sliovel.-; in 
Eatton, ami to this business he succeeded with his brothers, enlarging and increas- 
ing the business till it assumed gigantic proportions. The firm did nuich to build 
up the town, and to advance the welfare of tiieir employees ; and his public spirit 
was Bu uiarke-i, una hio iibciulity no uduely eileudoil, tljat in Nuvembci-, k''30, he 
was elected a member of the Executive Council of Massachusetts, and v,as reelected 
the fv.llowinj year, i'he years during which he held this positiuu were trying tinier, 
but he was always found eiiual to the emergency. In the fall of lS(ii, he was chosen 
a memlier of tiie'SSth Congress, and was reelected to the four succeeding Congresses. 
In 1872, he deeiined being again a candidate. Though no debater, he v,as au iu- 
fluential member of that body. 

;Mr. Ames will longest be remcDibercd, however, for his connection with the Paciflc 
Railroad. It is perliaps too early to write an impartial history of this portiuu of the 
life of Mr. Ames. air is yet murky with the doings at ^Vashington, and_ until 
the .smoke of those unfortunate' scenes is wholly dissipated, the simple trutiiis not 
likely tu be discovered. Uat there is probably but little danger in the anticipation 
that wiien the truth comes to be fully known and properly appreciated, the character 
of Mr. Ames as a public benefactor will be recognized and applauded by a gratetul 
world. It Ls hardly extravagant to expect that, if the inventor of tlte Telegraph and 
the man who applied antesthetics to the relief uf agony in surgical operations are 
-entitled to the thanksgivings of our race, tiie man who, almost unaided, budt the 
raus-contlnental railway to the Pacific Ocean, will receive a meed of praise equal to 
hat which has been awarded to other noble public benetacnrs. There is little -.langer 
in saying that, if Oakes Ames had not lived, the Pacific Railroad had not yet been 
built, perhaps would never be built. The construction of the Suez Canal has 
ehortened the distance from Europe to Asia by many thousands of miles, and^the 
Construction of this railroad has saved all the dangers of a long passage; round Cape 
Horn and l)rought America and Asia face to face in close moral and busine.-s reia- 
tiori.s. It ha-s made these United States the great highway of the iralJons ; and, so 
long as the commerce of the world pours across our country from cast to wc^t and 
from we,-t to cost, with increasin^j volume from age to age, and so long as the chri.s- 
tian civilir.a tion of western nations acts benignly upon tlie elfete communities of As'a, 
st> I'lng will tiie nameol (Jakes Ames bu remembered witli gratitude on every continent. 

That he sliiiuld be so suddenly and unexpectedly remt- '.'d from these earthly scenes, 
and t!;it t>j in the very midst of his trials and of his triumphs, is one of iiKjse in- 
ecrutablem^-terits which often cut short huioanespectationsin the niidscof their way. 

He was admitted to memborahip, Dec. 30,. 1S71. 

Edward Armstrong, E-^q., a corresponding member, — born in Philadelphia, June 
II, 1817, died Feb. '25, 1871, — was the youngestson of Thomas Armstrong, a mt-mber 
of the Pinladelphia bar, and of Henrietta J. Marache. Having resolved to adopt the 
legal profe.--ion, Edward Armstrong Itecame a student in his lather's ulticc, and v.'as 
admittf d t'.' practice ^scptem'K'r -J-J, 18:;'8. In ISil, ho became a memljer of the His- 
torical Society of Pennsylvania, wuich then btingda a very depies^ed condition, he 
VOL. SZIX. 10* 

114 ^^ecrology oj Historic, Genealogical Society. [Jan. 

•with a few others interested attempted its revival, nnd by tlieir cneriry it Boon hoc^an 
to sliow eit;ns of liCe uml jivd.spi-rity ; lor twruty-iive yeiirn he scrvo'l as an cn< r-ieiic 
ofliccr, and eontributtvi ui;niy valuable articles to tlte hallctins puMlshcd 
by the soeiety. In 1*^50, he miw elected a racmijer of the Pennsylvania hoa.~e of 
representatives, and v:;-. a ii-.c a. id /.calous in promoting the passa-^e of the b.^r 
providini]; fur the coniplpte publioati'.m of Colonial Records, of which some volumes 
nad been pi:hiitiiied several years before. 

In 1810 b(3 made ijupovtunt investii:;ations on the ground in rcirard to the battle of 
Brandi'-wine. The names now ^iven to the fords ot the Urandywlne did not tally 
•with those mentioned in all preceding nceounts. Mr. Arinj<h-ong brought order out 
of chaod by aseertaiiiing that what was iJiuTington'H Ford in 1777 is now called JJiin- 
ton's Ford, and that the foid formerly known as Jii-inton's is tlie third fonl Huuth of 
BufHngton's Ford. The re.^ultoftliese investigations was printed in the " Bulletin " 
of the Pennsylvania Historical Society for Scptoniher and Deoember of that year. 

On the 8th of November, lirjl, beiiig the Ki'Jth annivcry.ity of the landiijg of 
William Penn at Clic-ter, ^Ir. Armstrong delivered an able address which was pub- 
lished by the society. Jn 16J)3, he wrote a paper on " Tlie IhVtory and Location of 
Port Nassa'd upon the Delaware," wiiich was read before the New-Jersey Historical 
Society on the iOth of January and pu!>lishcd in tlieir " Proceedings," vi. Ic5-i?07. 
In ISGo he edited a rare work by Tliomas Budd, entitled " Good Order established 
in Pennsylvania and New-Jersey in America." and enriched it with a memoir of t!io 
author and vr.lnable historical notes, in I8G5 he edited the republication of the 
first volume of Memoirs of the Historical Sjciety of Pennsylvania. The last service 
rendered by him to tl'ac society was the editing of the ninth and tenth volnnie^ of 
its Memoirs, containing the correspondence between William Peun, James Logan 
and others, v^ hich volumes are noticed in Rkgistfr. xxviii. 103. 

On tlieci'eation of the Nortli Pennsylvania Ibiilnjad Company, he was chosen sec- 
retary" by the boaid of d'a-cctors, and held the position till a short time before his death. 
For Some years he was a member of the B.rard of Controllers of the Public Schools. 

Mr. Armstrong resided for a time in Princeton, New-Jersey, and was elected an 
honorary member of the Cliosoj)hic Society of the College of New-Jersey in that 
place, an honor rarely bestowed upon one wtio liad not been a gvaduate of some col- 
leffe. He was married to ]\Iiss Elizabeth Guiiclc, of Kingston, New-Jersey, May 29, 
1815, who died several years before him. Tiiey had five daughters, of whom four 
survived him. In his porsoiial character, great amiability and a warm attachment 
to his friends were leading traits. 

He was admitted a member of this society, April 10, 1350. A memoir of Mr. Arm- 
Etrong, by 'William J>uai;e, Fsq., of Philadelfjhia, read before the Historical Society 
of Pennsylvania, March 4, 1&71, and printed in the American Historical Record for 
August, 1874, has been uetd in the preparation of this sketch. 

The Rev. Sajitel Brazek Babcock. D.D.. a corrcspond'ng member, was born on 
the north-east corner of Congress and Milk Streets. Bosto >, September 14, 1807, and 
died Oct. 23, 1873. He was the son of Samuel H. Babcock, a merchant of Boston. 
He graduated at Harvard College in 1830, and .studied divinity with the late Rev. 
Alonzo Potter, D.D., Bishop of Pennsylvania, but at that time rector of St. Paul's 
Church, Boston. He received priest's orders in I"^33. and liecame rector of St. Paul's 
Church in Dt;d:;ara in 1334, which charge he retained at the time of his death. This 
long and unbi-oken pastorate was marked by the most cordial and tender relations 
between him and his people. His labors in their behalf were faithful and untiring, 
and the present condition of the church attests its prosperity under his care. Dr. 
Babcock was v.-ell known amnng the clergy of the state. He was for four years 
secretary of the Dioeesan Board of Missions, for nineteen years treasurer of the Dio- 
cese, and president of the Standing Committee from 18G3 to 1873. lie was actively 
interested in the benevolent agencies of the diocese, and specially in the society for 
the relief of aged and imtigent clergymen. He spared no eilbrt and lost no op]>ortu- 
nity of enforcing the claims of this jirime charity. As a preacher. Dr. Babcock was 
simple, natural and effective, and in the discharge of his pastoral duties faithful and 
afiectionate. He was a man of warm heart and generous syjnpathies, and his hos- 
pitality was unbounded. As a sincere christian and devoted pastor, he will be misled 
not only in the community and parisli in which he labored, but in the church of 
•whose clergy he was one of the nv.-'t worthy representatives. In 1870, Dr. 
received the degn e of I )octi.'r of Divinity from two diUi-reut colleg^vs. namely : Cc>- 
lurabia College, New- York, and (iri-wold Oillegc, lowa. 

He was admitted as a member, May 20, 1847." 

1875.] Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society. 115 

The Hon. Jonx Tr^nttss, a corresponding mciubcr, \yas born March 21, 1778, 
in\\'.b.lioia. Mass., the fir.t parish of Readins, Ma.s. 11h lutl>er was U>e 
Rev. Caleb Prentice as the name was then spelt, who >vas se led as ''O Con- 
jrre-ational minister of the parish in ITO-J, and niarried Pamela, the clde.t daugli- 
ter uf tho Rev. Jehu Mc-ilcu, of the vc.L pavish in I-'-^^^-^^""', /,V^^',^[f '"S; ^ '/^ 
had ci^ht son.s an.l tive dan.-hters, and ot John was the illh eh Id. Ji ^1^'^ --^ 
wasb.Tri,m Can.hrid.^'e, Mas3., inlTlO, and graduated at liaruird ?" J'^^;*- ie 
was so.tlod on JlSO a j.-ar ai.d the pnrsono-c and other loti^. Of the ei.^dit sons, but 
Se received a li'oeral education. This (the third son), Charles, a wnter ot some 
celebritv. ^nviuatod at Harvard Colle.^'c in 1795. Caleb the eldest .pent .scver..l years 
with his uncle iu London, under the best private instruction. Ihe rest ol us, 
savs John, in a memuir in his own hand wntin-, '/ were educated in the old red one 
stwrv school house, the only seminary of learnin- in the pansu. 1 do not recollect 
attending it except in the winter months, as the boys were wanted on tlie laim in 
the summer. Rut I had the advantage of instruction in my lather s btudy. . 

At fourteen I was apprenticed to Mr. Thoma. Adams, ot Rostun, proprietor of the 
Inchpnjinit Chronica, ai first a weekly and then a semi-weckly journal of the poli- 
tics and the literature of that day." In 17i)3, he left Boston and went to Leominster, 
l^Ia-^s., where his brother, on the ecd of October, began the publication ot a news- 
paper, The Rural ReposHon/, which continued at least a year, ihc brothers con- 
tinued the printing business^tiU 1793, when they started another paper, Ihe } oi 
Ural Forus: by " Charles and John Prentiss," the latter being then aoout twenty- 
John Prentiss savs, '• 1 was the news and miscellaneous editor, and Charles lur 
nishcd most of the ori_n:ial articles. * * Things did not mciid much, and, a 
month or two before i was twentv-one, I issued proposals lor pubUshin- the iVci/.- 
IIa.r:pshirr. S.nlineL in ICeene, N. IR, all the printers there having failed. 
I hvi not a dollar lor capital to begin the world with. I purcnased a miserable o.-.l 
pre- ^ and some more miserable tvpes, * * prevailed on a paper-maker at Leo- 
minster to trust me with a dozen reams of printing paper, and v/ith bait a do-cn 
pounds of ink , I was fitted out to begin the world . " 1 he ^'lL■- Hampshire .^uUi- 
nd which .Mr. Premiss continued to publish for nearly halt a century, was 
in hi- esteem the great work of his life. In politics he was, m the olden times, a 
fderalin.andinlaterveirsawhi-, andthen a republican Ue was faithluland 
con-::ient;ous in Lis in every thing else, and never but once m tweuty-.^ur 
years failed to cast his vote at the annual election. Ke joined a lodge ot^ irecma- 
sons in 1507. In 1520. he was elected a representative to the Isew-liampshue legis- 
lature, and a senator, 1833-9. In religion he was what may now pernapsbe ca.ica 
a conservative unitarian. '' My father," hosays,''wasof the Armmiantaith so far 
as relates to the five points of Calvinism," though his mother drilled ner chudn.u 
so thorouglilv in tlie assembly's catechism that he could say it ail by heart, lie was 
one of the founders and a member of the unitarian church m Keene, organize^ 
about 1S27: and he everywhere and always gave an active and hearty sup-jic to 
the nrinciples of his denomination. ^, , i t.,?^ 

In business, as a printer and publisher, he was successful, and accumulated a 
handsome estate. He was a man of decided convictions, sanguine and hopeuil, aua 
ready to ri^k his property upon his opinions. He contributed largely to me con- 
struction of the railroads in his vicinity, and lessened his estate by such mvestment^, 
though he retained a competency to the last. i u- •„ 

lie was a man of strictly temperate habits, of unblemished character, and hi:, in- 
te-ritv no man ever doubted. He was -enerous and charitable, but not dLiuMnstra- 
tive, kind, considerate and just. On the ^d of February, 1803, he married Diantba 
only diu-hter of Gen. Geor-e Aldrich, of Westmoreland, witu whom he _ lived 
happily till her death, in 1859. Their children were : Dlontha. m. the iv.ev Liiarlt.s 
Robinson; 0<r7nna AJdnch ; John WiUiam ; Pamdn Mdlcn (died voung); Lorn- 
mod .re Grjr>;c Ahlndi, U. S. X., d. April 8, iSfiS ; EU-n Sophia: hdniund S'.'caU, 
and Pamila Mdkn. N-ne of tlscm survive him. except the popular author, Lonnna, 
widow ot the U.;n. Th .mas Ilonkinson, and Pamela, wife ot the Hon. Henry i- . 
French. Mr. Prentiss died at his house in Keene, June 6, 1S73, aged nmeiy-hve 
years. He had retire'i irom active business twenty-live years beiore, but coutmued 
to wri^e for tlie St.nthid and for several other papers to the end of his lite. At the 
a'^e of &9, he writes, •' I have enjovcd cx.-cllcnt health. But one of the three warn- 
ings has yet visited me, that of partial deatbess. My eyesight is still good having 
neVT u-'-'l \ru'?ses iu i>rdinarv business, nor nowvvith a good lig.u. in IcbO, lie 
mot.' Ills will, which he had occasion tisree times to cliangc by codiciLs. :;even 
years before his deaili, be wrote to a neiirhbor a full letter ol instructions as to uis 

116 Necrolo(jii of Illatoric, Gcnealorjlcal Society. [Jan. 

funeral. Tlil'i he amended in IS70, and a:rain in 1672. IIi; wrote his own epitaph. and 
gave directions as to wiio ^Iwuld olliciate, wlio should be paU-hcan-rs ; and even 
named die hymn wiiicli shmild be <nx\%, l)eL''inninir, " Like shadows ^i-iidini;- o'er tho 
plain,"' to be sluhj; by a Cow voices to the old tune of" Hamburg'." lie wasconlined 
to his room but a short tiii-.f^. and wi-<><-o a eo'.ni.'Uniicntiun the SfiitinrJ only 
three Jays belore hid end. When informed liy his physician tiiat he could live but 
a few hour-, he rf^rdied " lam thankful to hear it." lie seemed to have no anxiety 
as to thr- future. Lookin:^ out int.) the sunlij;ht, on the mornini; of his death, he 
taid to hib daughter, " Do you think the bun will shine any brii^htcr than this 
in heaven ? " 

" The Prentice or Prentit^s Family," by Charles J. F. Binncy (Boston, 1852), 
gives the genealogy of this fandly. The Jlon. Jnhn Prentiss was the sixth genera- 
tion in descent from //crtri/' Pz-t';!,'/!,"!?, who settled in Camt;rldge as early ns 1*140, 
and died there April 9, l()5i : throuLch Solomon,- by wife Ilepzibah Dunn; Dea. 
Henry,^ by Avile Elizabeth Jland ; Caleb,'* by wife Lydia Vrhittemore ; and the 
Kev. Cahb,^ his tiitiier, abovenamed. 

He was admitted a meiuber of this society, August 9, 1845. 

IToN'. Charles Hexky 'vVarrex, A.M., an honorary member, admitted April 20, 
1S47, died in Plymouth, Mass., June 20. 1874, a::'-ed7;^. lie was born in Pi.wnoarh. 
September 29, i70d, and v,-as a son of Henry and Mary (Winslow) Warren, and 
grandson of Gen. 'James Warren, the third president of the Jlassaohusetls provincial 
congress, and his wife Mercy (Utis) ^Varren, author of a " History of the Ameri- 
can Revolution," and sister of James Otis, the patriot. He was a descendant in 
the 7th generation from Richaril^ Warren, one of the pilgrims of the .May^ower, by 
wife FJi/ab.-fli, t!r.O'.":g'i I'.a.h-.udd" by Wile Sarah Walker, Jamcs^ by Avife Saraii 
Doty. James* by -wife Penelope Wiuslow, and Gen. Jaines,^ his grandfather, al)ove 

In his boyhood he attended the common schools and fitted for college at the Sand- 
wich academy. He entered Harvard College in 18io, and graduated in 1S17. After 
studying law with Judge Thomas, of Plymoutii, and Levi Linc(jln, of '^Vorcester, he 
was admitted to the bar of Plymouth. He practised there a year and then removed 
to Xew-Bedford. In 1332. he Mas appointed district attorney for the soutbern dis- 
trict of ]Mass:ichusett.s, cou-isring of the live southern counties. Thi-3 office he held 
till 1839, wi;en he wasappointed a judge of the Court of Comm )n Pleas. He re- 
mained on the bench till 1844, and then removing to Boston, he resumed the practice 
of his profc'fsi.jn ; but again quitted it in IS 10, "on being chosen president of the 
Boston and Providence liailruad. He resigned this last position in 1S67, and in 
1871 removed to his native tov/n, where he passed the closing days of his life. 

" In the courts of law, the senate chamber, l)usincss and scholarly circles, in all 
the varied relations of a promineoc man, as well as in the chisest ties of friendship, 
and in the cheerful amenities of .x most liospitablc homo, Judge AV'arren was too 
well and widely known for his rich and racy acquirement \, his marked mental traits 
and sterling worth, to call for other eulogy than that whi.h will live in the cherished 
respect and atl'eetion of kindred and friends, among his contemporaries and those of 
a younger generath^n." 

Stalham "Williams, Esq., the oldest member of this Society, died in Utica, N. Y., 
April 6, 1873. at the very advancd age of ninety-nine years, sis months and three 
days. He was horn in liatatdd, Ma,-s., Oct. 5, 1773. "He was the son of Deacon 
William Williams. He was one of eleven ehillren , nine of whom lived beyond middle 
age — the youngest of the nine dying at the age of .5.5 years. His earliest American 
ancestor was Itubert Williams, who c;ims from Nonvicii, England, in 1C.33, and 
settled in Roxbury. Mass. Suilliam ^\'iliiams descended from Isaac Williani.s. the 
second son ol Robert. His mother's maiden name was Dorothy Ashley. In his 
infancy he was adopted by hi.s gramltatiier. Col. Isvacl Williams, of Hatfield. He was 
educated until his lifteenth year with the intention of entering Harvard College, 
but that plan was irustrated by tlie sudden death of his grandfather, lie then re- 
turned to his parents, who vrcre living in Dalton, ]\his«.,' and worked upon a farm 
till he became of ago. Soon alter, in connection with his brother John, he opened a 
country store in Conway. !Mass., a!;d in ISCO lie murrifd Mary Augusta Barron, 
step-daughter of Judge Strong, oi Amherst, Mass. In IbOf), he remcrved to Utica, 
N. Y.. and entered again into mercantile life, but six years afterwards he fuund 
himself tao,kriip*, and liiereafier made CO atrempt to conduct business on his own 
account, L"ij'j-i the opeiiing of the Erie canal, he waa fur many jcars collector of 

1875.] . Societies and their Procc':dingf>. 117 

tolls, and aftorwanl-; lie was made secretary and treasurer of the Packet 3o:^_t Com- 
pany. Siil.~e.|uently be entered, a-< an acoo'.intnnt, liie ^stahlisliiucnr of Xiclnlns 
<t John C. Deveroaux. Tlie liiii;Ii intcgriLv of tliac hr>ur-e, oujiled v:'y.\\ the aeoursite 
and tnistwurt'iy eliaraoter of their aoeoantant, drew to their ei-tiil;li.shment a hr^^e 
nurahcr of tlio pot^ror citizons ot I'tiea, who n nue>r<,d tlirin to hceomo tlie tnisiees 
of their l.unih'o 5avin «. Tide kind of unclijrN:red baviii.^s Jiank, under the inan- 
ag-iiicnt -ifMr. William^, who perfi.mud nil the r.Hitirie work witli rare C'.jHty, 
at ]a.<i sicw into an im'orp orate.l Institution, of wldeh lie was made the .-".jureta- 
ry and treasurer, and which oilioes ho held for more than forty year^, and d.^v.n to 
th.- day of liis death, 

Tlie'wife nf Mr. Williams died at tlie advanced r.'s^r-. nf S.5 year.'.., three luvnth^ 
after tlie ctlebiation of the .«lsty-third anniversary of their iiiarriacr-i. They liad 
five children,— four daaaliter.s and one son. One davi^'liter died in infancy, the other 
three are j^tiii living. Tlie pon, 'William Barron "Willianr-;, died in Kochc-ster, N. Y., 
in ISoT, in the fifty-fourth year of his aire. 

i\Ir. Williams's "life was uneventful. 'lie never sought political or social prefer- 
ment. He w;is modebt and rotirinir, almost to a iault^, but: he was f->:.dly !>yi;d and 
imi)iicitly trusted by ail who knew'him. He was a man of great purity of life and 
of the most unbending inte:^^rity. His word wn.s as good a.s his b md. and_ his long 
life was beautifully nnin'ied out Avitli the graces of tiie most cons!st<mt pi-.-cy. lie 
was horn before the birth of thit; republic. All the celebratiuus of the nation's 
histiiry are comprised within tl'.e volume of his long life. Ho hci^vl the shout-S of 
the victorious troops of the rerolution. He hcntd the tiiundci.- of the cf^nnon v.-:,ich 
announced the declaration uf An>erican independence. He heard the loud h'l-an- 
nas wh'ch vv-cnt up to hoaven, when the eimincipatioi] p-oclarantioii gave freedom 
to four millions of slaves. He knew .sornetliing of all the president.s. He kne'v the 
first steamer that ascendid the Hudson river. He heard the first snorting ot' the 
iron horse, and tiie Orst click of the telegraph. He was eniinently sysixmatic in 
all his habits. Heconsulted the barometer and the therniorneter three times a day, 
and made a record of the weather, almost down to the time of his death. He was 
strictly temperate as well as conscientious, and his long and useful life, his calm 
and serene old age, tempered, beautified, and transfigured with christian hone 
and joy, wrs one great anihcuT, — an antliem which we have little doubt culmiiiac- 
cd in *• the son!,' of Mjses audthe Lamb." 


New-Exglaxd HiSTOPac. GEXE-ii.ociiCAL SociEir. 

Bor4on, Mas!^., W'^dnesday, October 1 ^ 187 1.— A quarterly meeting was he-Id afc 
three o'clock this afternoon, at the Society's IS Somerset streec, the president, 
the ll.n.. Marsliall P. Wilder, in the "chair. In the absence of the recording 
sevr.-tary, II. H. h'des was choficn secretary pro tern. 

The piv.-iiLnt announced the deaths of the Pvt. Rev. Henry Washington Lee. D.D., 
bish'.p of Iowa, and hon.'.rary vice-president of this s<xiety fjr that .state, and 
Francois Picire Guiliaume Gufzot, the celebrated Fren'.'h statesman and historian, 
an honorarv memlier ; and oommittfes were appriintcd to prej.are suitabie resolu- 
tions, mimely : Ov. Dishop Lee— the Rev. Edmund F. Sl.-*fier, Jolm W. Dean, and the 
Hon. Jame^'W. Austin Ti-nd on .M. Guiz.r—the Rev .Lucius il. Paige, ^.D., the 
Hon. Ciiarl.s L. \Vi,M>diury and the Hon. George W. Warren. 

The res.jlutions on the ucath of Mr. Upton,' reported at the last meeting, were 
then taken up, and, ;',f:er remarks by the ])resident, and l.v the Hon. Charles L. 
Woodbury, Dr. V.'illiaai M. Cornell. 'Frederic Kidder, the Hon. Jacob SIoe;;er. the 
Hon. George H. Kuhn, William B. Towne and William B, Trask, they were unani- 
mously adi.pteil as f-jllovvs : 

Wn<^rrax on the first day of July l-'sfc. the Hon. George Bruce Upton, vioe-pre=ident 
of this .society for tiie r.izlX". of Ji;v^sachusetts. an inriuenrial and highly esteemed 
citizen of Lo-ton. departiti this lile ; and 

Wkertas It is eminently proper luat at this the first public meeting of the society 

118 Societies and their Prucecdhigs. . [Jan. 

pincc the occurronee of tliis sail cvunt, furmnl notiijo thereof should be taken, and a 
record inaiie of our action in tlio pieiiii.scs, tluni.'toro — 

Risohcil, Tiiat we, his associat>; iiKMiibcrs of the New-England Ili.stjric, (Jenea- 
loilical S'jciety, in common -with his felknv citiz^-ns at l;ir;:;e, deeply iJi:^ui!i the los3 
of one who, by his enoriiy of clianicti r, uatlriir^ industry and lofcy iiite.:ii'ity,_ con- 
tributed liirj:ely to the ^public and private welfare of fiiis coiuuiunity and of this 

Rso/rui, That we recall with gcnsihility and uratitadc his services as an ollieer of 
this society, his constant and uns.llish interest in its i)rosperity, and his ^irenerous 
contrihution-: of time, money and iiilluence towards tlie advanceuient of its u' juets. 

Re.<oU-r.d, That wc tend.-r our sympatliics to the lliinily of our deceased associate, 
and invoke for them and for ourselves the consolations of our lioly religion, whicli 
alone can niini-ter in this great bereavement. 

Rfsolrrrl. these resolutions be entered upon our records, and that a copy 
thereof, duly attested by the president and secretary, be communicated to tiie family 
of the deceased. 

A nominating committee was then chosen, consisting of the Hon. Charles L. 
Woodbury, theT Kev. Edmund F. Slafter, William ]i. Tuwne, John Vy'. Dean, 
"William B. Trask. and Jeremiali Colburn. 

The committee retired to nominate the publishing committee, which is chosen at 
this meeting, the remaining officers l>eing elected in Jamiary. They reporied the 
following candidates, who were nnanimouslv eiinsen as the pul/iishing eoiniaittee 
for lS*T-5, namelv: Col. .Albert tl. Uovt, John Ward [)<an, William 13. Towne,the 
Rev. Lucius R. Paiae, D.D., H. fl. Kdis and Jeremiah Colbuin. This is the same 
committee as served last year, cxcejit .^Ir. (''.tll)urn, who was chosen in the place of 
Coirnijlore Ceoige H. Preble, U.S.N. , who, having removed to Philadelphia as 
commandant of the navy-yard there, declined a reelection. 

Jo'jn ^V. Dean, the libn^rian, reported as donations during September, 31 volumes, 
81 pamphlets and a variety of otlier articles. Special uicntiori was made of the dona- 
tions of John S. II. Fogg.tiie banner suspended bc-hind the chair of the presiding 
officer of the South Carolina convention 'which passed the secession ordinance in 
December, ISGO, and several hundred rare newspapers between 17G0 and ITDO ; J. 
J. Hawes, a cabinet photograph of Chief Justice Lemuel Shaw; the lion. Joel 
Parker, governor of New-el ersey. the lion. J'tscph \\. Porter, John L. Dcvution, 
James B. Richardson, the Hon. Edward S. Davis, the Hon. John K. Rollins, Au.ivin 
Lord and Arthur M. Alger, the last named presenting a copy formerly Iielonginir to 
the tragedian, Edwin Forrest, of the extra of the Charleston Mercury, Dec. •2U, 16G0, 
announcing the passage of the secession ordinance and the dissolution of the union. 
John Ward Dean, the assistant historiographer, read biographical sketches of the 
following deceased members, viz. : John Couirh Nichols, F.S.A., the Hon. John R. 
Brodhead, the Hon. Newell A. Thomi)son. Stalliam \Villiams, the Rev. Thomas De 
Witt, D.D., Daniel Denny, the Hon. Charles H. Warren, the Rev. Samuel B. Bab- 
cock, D.D., Alfred Grcenleaf, Edward Armstrong, Solomon R. Spaulding and Charles 
W. Moore. 

David P. Holton, M.D., of New- York, then read a brief paper giving reminis- 
cences of Boston in former times by an aged resident of this city. 

November 4. — A stated meeting was held this afternoon, President Wilder in the 

The president congratulated the society on the return of the recording secretary, 
David G. Haskins, Jun., who had been absent in Europe for u\ore than a year. Mr. 
Haskins expressed his pleasure in again meeting the society, and his thanks for the 
honor done him in reelecting him to ofiiee during his prolonged absence. 

The president announced the death of two ex-vice-presidents, namely, the lion. 
Timothy Farrar, LL.D., vice-presiiient from 1853 to 1s;j8, and the Hon. Nathaniel 
B. Shurtlefi', M.D., from 1S50 to 1>j3. Committees were appointed to prepare re- 
solutions, namely : On Judge Farrar — the Rev. Dorus Clarke. D.D., Frederic 
Kidder and Col. Albert H. Ilovt ; and on Dr. Shurtlefl— the Hon. Thomas C. Amorv, 
William B. Trask and Charles W. Tuttle. 

The Rev. Edmund F. Shifter, chairman of the committee appointed last month, 
reported the following resolutions : 

Resolved, That this society desires to place upon record a deep sense of its loss in 
the death of the Right Rev. Henry Wiishington Lee, D.D., LL.D., bishop of the 
Protestant Episcopal ehurv h in the di'-cese of Iowa and an honorary vice-president 
of this society, vrho.^e wisdom and learning, united to an active and .self-sacrificing 
life ; whose broad, generous and catholic spirit, reaching far beyond the tield of his 

1875.] Societies and their Proceedings. 119 

personnl l;iT)or=, r.n.'l tlic church of v.hich he was a di6tinp;dlshed ornament, command 
our hearty and profonnd respect. r -d- u t 

Rcsoh-cd, Tli:it our \Tarmest sympathies are tendered to the fara-ly of Bishop Loe 

in tlicir ?roal: hrT.^^vo'nfiit, vi-rthat the vccordiiiq secretary he reiiiieptcd to iiitorm 

them o( Vim nction of the society, and to tniiibinit to tlieni a copy of tFicce rcsoluti'His. 

Mr. Slaft.-r paid an elo'jnent"' and appreciative tribute to the memory of l> 

J/ee, and the re-^ohitinns A-rre unanimously adopted. 

'J he IJon. Joseph I'.. Walker, of Con.'ord, xN.H., read a very able paper entitled 
" A Cilance at JSoine Portion8 of the Life and Labors of Count Rumfnrd," in which 
le presented a vivid picture of some of the mo.'<t important and interesting ])ortions 
of the life of Sir ]5enjainin Thompson, Count Kumford, whose labura in science and 
political economy have uiven him a world-wide reputation. 

. At the clo?e of the i.aper, Samuel G. Drake exhibited a large and rare collection 
of portraits of Count Kuuifurd. 

The librarian folb.nved with his monthly report. During; October there had been 
received as donations, nO vnlumes, 173 pamphlets, 2 oil paintin-s, 40 manu=cripts 
and a vuriets' of other articles. Special meniion was made of the donations ot t-en. 
John S. Tvler, Dr. T. Larkin Turner, the lion. Klins \V. Leavenworth, LL.D., of 
Syracuse, N. Y., W. F. Bovd of .^lansficld, and J. U. Harrison of Davenport. Iowa. 
The donation irom (ien. Tvler was a portrait by Smibert of his great-arandiarhcr 
■\VilHam Tvler, a B.^ston merchant, b(n-n IGST, dhd 1758, tiio grandfather of the 
Hon. Roviill Tvler, autiior of •' The Alcrerine Captive" and other works. A letter 
from tlie dono"r was read, giving an account of "William Tyler and som.e ot his 

Tlicdoi.ation of Dr. Turner was the portrait of an unknown girl, painted over 
one hundred vears ago. which was left by the lloyall family at their house in Med- 
Ibrd, during the r 'volutiotiary war. (See REGitTtR, sxiv. 5S, note 3.) 

Dcremher 2.— A monthly meeting was held this afternoon. In the absence of the 
president, the Rev. Dorus'CIarke, D.D., was called h) the chair. 

'Ihe presiding officer announced the death of Daniel N. Haskell, editor-in-ehiet of 
the Bo.-ton Eveninir Transcript, a member of this society deeply interested in its ob- 
ject. A committee, consi:^ting of the Hon. Stephen N. Stockwell. editor ot the_ 
Journal, Delano .\. Goddard, editor of tlie Advertiser, and Curtis Guild, editor of 
the Commercial Bulletin, were appointed to prepare resolutions. 

The Rev. Dr. Clarke, chairman of a committee appointed at the last meeting, re- 
ported the following resolutions ; 

Resohid, Tiiat by the recent demise of the Hon. Timothy Farrar, LL.D.. this 
society has lost one of its brightest ornaments. Inheriting a mind singularly fair 
and judicial, fond of investigation, genial in his spirit and cordially accepting 
Christianity, not merely as a code of ethics, but as a gystem of redemption, Judge 
Farrar commanded a wide measure of respect. Like his father before him he 
forme dy occupied the bench of one of the courts of New-Hampshire, and by hia 
mode.ation, his impartiality and his legal attainments, he added dignity to the 
jiidicial proceedings of that state, already^distinguishtd for their purity and ability. 
For more than a quarter of a century he has lived in comparative retirement, has 
treparcd, with great labor, his " ^Manual of the Constitution," and gratified his taste 
^y extended researches into the fields of cla-sical, historical and christian literature. 
Judge Farrar has long been a member of this institution, and was fjr several years 
one of its vice-presidents. Though spared to us and his family and friends to a good 
old ai,'e, we at last miss his dignified presence and judicious aid in our monthly coun- 
cils, but ent»Tt;un tlie firm conviction that he has been called to a higher sphere of 
service in the '• Better Land." 

Re<<ohTd, That a copy of these resolutions, ofiiclally attested, be .«ent to the family 
of our dejrartcd associate, as an expression of our respect for his memory and ol our 
S3*mpathy in their bereavement. 

Remarks were made by Dr. Clarke, Frederic Kidder and Col. Almon D. Hodges, 
and the resolutions were unanimously adopted. 

Elias Hasket Der'iy, of Boston, then read a paper entitled, "Services of New- 
Hampshire and her Scotch Colonists in the Heroic Ane of the Republic." He ad- 
verted to the courage and resolution of the Scotch who settled in the province of 
Ulster, Ireland, and then traced a colony from that province across the ocean to New- 
Hampshire, which produced brave ami hariy men who were distinguished in the 
French wars and the American revolution, aiu'm:^ whom were the partizan RoL'ers, 
and Cols. Stark, Reed, Cilley, and that .Matthew Thornton who signed the Declara- 
tion of Independence. 


120 Societies and their Proceedings. [Jan. 

Mr. DerT)y prodiired etatiftics to show tliat nt tho battle of Bunker I *■ roop3 
from Nt'.v-lIaiQMshire, among whom those of ^cotch-lrisli dt-soLnt •\vert >eut, 

on the ground at the conmifiicemont nftho battle, were at least a thoiisa 'lis- 

tory ho correct, he said, tlif^i-e were ngt at- noy time more than tiftet -ed 

Americans engnged. &o that Xew-Iiam[)shire mut>t, have furni.-hed two-thii -c 

men who took pun in the battle from tlie brginning to the cluoe. lie loll'.. i 

Nei\--Ha;'ip>l!iie troo;i:^ to Trentun, I'rinceton, Saratoga, and other battle, 
they rendered imj)ortant service. Remarks on this "subjeet were made 
Hon. George W. \V'arren, Frederic Kidder, Joseph Leeds and the lion. Thorn 

The librarian reported that, during the month of Novem?;er, there had been , 
Bented to the society 16 volnmes, 45 pamjililets, and Fcveral other articles. Spe(. . 
mention was made of the donations of iSli^s Susan W. Jones, of Baltimore, Mt 
Luey CJough Nichols of Loiidun, the llev. Jnscph F. Tutfle, D.D., president o 
"VVabash college, J. C. Hart of Plainvillc, Ct., Francis Parkman, Arthur M. Alitor, 
Cyrus ^\'oodman, Mi^s Eliza S. Quincy ami Fnuu-is II. l,ce. The donation of 
Jones was a thick fjlio volume entitled, " Mementoes of the War of 1801," being an 
extensive collection of engravings is.sued during the war, such as portraits, battle 
Bcenes, envelope devices, caricatures, &c. <tc. The materials were c«jllected and de- 
signed by L. M. Van Keurcn of Boston, a young union fculdier, .since deceased, and 
were arranged by Mr^^. i^. T. AV'ebster. 

The Rev. Edmund F. Slaftcr, the corresponding secretary, reported letters accept- 
ing membership from Capt. Samuel R. Knu.x, L'.S.N., of Everett, Mass. ; the Kev. 
Herman R. Timlow, of Southingtun, Ct. ; tho Hon. Joseph B. Walker, of Concord, 
N.II. ; ,i:.d ALljijit L.iv. iejLii.e, of Bosuiu, le.-ident ; and the Rev. Ceurge B. Bleukin, 
W.A., prebendary of Lincoln and vicar of Rostori, England, corresponding. 

Decejiber 16. — An adjourned meeting was held this afternoon, President Wilder 
in the chair. 

The lion. Charles L. Woodbury, in behalf of the committee appointed at a former 
meeting, offered the following resolutions, which were unanimously adopted : 

Resolved, That this society has learned, with regret, the death of M. F. p. G. 
Guizot, late their associate as an honorary member. The career of this distinguished 
statesman presented excellence in .so many departments of protound thought and 
executive capacity that the judgment of his biui;ra])hers is left in doubt whether to 
award the palm to his high ruerit as a praetica.l statesman, to his industry and re- 
search ia the fields of history, or to his great power of applying his practical know- 
ledge of public affairs to the elucidation of obscure and condicting annals. As an 
historian, tracing the rise of modern civilization ; as a publicist, treating of tlie con- 
flict of ideas in the periods of the great revolutions which Enirland and France have 
undergone in their progress toward modern liberty ; and as the annalist of our own 
Washington, literature and statesmanship owe him a del>t of gi-atitnde ; but for his 
un-\;\ earied and extraordinarv- services in the cause of public education, humanity 
and civilization recognize him as a benefactor of the human race. The blendini: of 
the great qualities of his mind, the foree of his character, his experience in aflixirs, 
his profound knowledge of liistory and his'untiring industry, gave a breadth to his 
observations and a precision to their application which has made his fame not simply 
national bu": cosmopolitan in its extent. This society deplore the lose of our dis- 
tinguished brother, and, in token of their esteem, join with his compatriots in deck- 
ing his tomb with unlading coronals. 

The Rev. Dorus Clarke, D.D., read an able paper on " The Life and Writinn-s of 

Dr. Clarke also read biographical sketches of decca.scd members, namely : Jonathan 
Towne, Anson Parker Hooker, M.D.. Colonel Joshua \\. Peirce, Captain Charles 
A. Ranlet, Jr., and the lion. Ralph U. Smith. 

Dr. Clarke then stated that he had read his last memoir as the historiographer of 
the society', as he had notified the nominating committee that he would not consent ■ 
to be a candidate for reelection. 

A committee to prepare resolutions suitably recognizing his services was appointed. 
It consi.^ted of William B. Trask, his predccessor,"and Charles W. Tuttle and John 
W. Dean, who had been his a.N-iftanLs. 

The Hon. Thomas C. Amory then read a sketch of the life of Elisha T. Wilson, 
M.D., a resident meir.her. 

William R. Trask foUow.-d witli sketches of the Rev. Thomas Smyth, D.D., and 
the Rev. Curtis Cutler, both members. 

1875.] Societies and their Proceedings. 121 

r,.3° """."• ^'^'".^"•".^•■-'^"'m''-^''-^^'^'™"" «^^ committee appointed at a previous 
mceiinj:, tlien ,iticreil tlie Inllowin;: re?oltiti(m.s : prt.\iou8 

7.V5oAvy/ That Avith pr.iluu.h! re-ret at the loss sustained by this societv in com- 
mon ^ the M-h,.lo oomr.un.ity, in the dpcoase of our late as-oeia e the irm 
r.a hansel ^ ShurUvfj; M.D., ^ve add our tribute to his min ury juSv due lo i. 

otheird,u:unst,|trrpnhl.o. Jus estimable pcr>anal qualities, have been widely r-- 
c.,^rn..ul juul !,ttu,,^.y e.n.uu.uorated It is tor uh to hear witness to his c n ii^n- 
lous un.l uinvr;u-y.n- assiduity in hi.t.yrical research, in resruin- (h.m ob^iv^m 
amily and local l,.rc ; characters and incidents ol' the past, oUen '>d ^ in tc" 
rom!.-.r more iutunatc association wnh ourselves than events and ptrsonp 'cs o f 
more„rieal importance ; his ea^^erness to j.roeurc information and elinun^rte its 
Jross , his rc:i(iiness t(. communicate will not be speedily furrruttun • and in hiK ml, 
loat.ons Illustrative of his native city, which he loved si well Id Jo ra t y .[ te " 

were udJined.'^' ^^ ^''' ^^'"- ^^'''^'' ^^ ^^^'^^'^^^-^ ^^^ ^he president, the resolutions 
aft!rir^n.''"'"^ '^''* ^^"^ ''"""'''^ riif^ting be held at half-past two o'clock in the 

Nfw-Lo\1)on- CorxTT HisioRrcAL Societf. 

,1,;'^'^''"'i"'''''^''''''-Pv^^''^''"^''^'V'''^'"'-^-^0' 16~-1-— The annual meetin<r was held thi^ 

flic ,':Vir'' """^ """^ ""^ ""^ """'^^^^^^ the president, Judge Foster in 

I'iu- treasurer's report showed a balance in the treasury of $73.23. Ei^rht^' dollars 

l;a.l^bccn received trom four life-membei-s. and about fortj dollars from annual 

\-.!i';"'.nM'''''-^ ^fp*^^^!'^!^^,^^ of the society from its present locality to the fire-proof 
National Ln.on Bank budding being under discussion, Mavor Waller pled-^dE- 
^df to u. .. h,s endeavors to have suitable rooms furnished in +he city halt It w^^ 

fur'nlt;ti fa^JvVc""'''^' \' ''^^ ^^^ ""'''' ''''''' provdd'ed "L c^^ dd n 
xurnisa sati^iaetory accommodations. 

The secretary read a list of donations, 
namely":"''''''^ ^^'"'^''"'' *"'"'' ^^''^ P'^'^' '''^^'' ^^^ following officers were chosen, 
President— La. Fayette S. Foster. 
Vice-Preswents-Charh.^ J. .AlcCurdy, Ashbel Woodward, Francis B Loomis 

\VhM V. r ^^/V^' George \\. Goddard, Htarv J. Gallop, Richard \ 

^^rrctr,ry~\\\ R. Starr. 

Jrecmnr—WilUam H. Rowe. 
r.lac. , M.^.f!'!' xf 'u ^^"^ ^ffi^.'-^^^.^as the election of Mr. Starr, as secretary, in the 

\ i bei V^* ^t\'\r't' ^''l''''^. ^ reelection on account of other dutiel 
of run. " wh ciro ' ^-^V u ^:^°^i^"' ^^^'^.'^^^ a P^Per on the " Life and Times 
audienS' ^^'' ^^""^ ^° ^°''^' ''"^ '^''^ ^''^^^""'^ '^ ^^ an- appreciative 

friSd orrh'<°wf,.v"rn""'"?''^ *''" °"-'"^^ *«^ of xNorwich. He is known as the 
centurv Vr„^f I .? ' ?Vn ' ^ P^?°^'"^°t actor m the events of nearly half a 
cemurj trom the settlement of Connecticut 

t.pV'k •■^'^'"^'^.^'^f ^V^y "PP".-.ite views of the character of Uncas have prevailed These 
mp be called the Connecticut and the Mas^.achusotts views, the former bein^ favora- 
ble and tne latter the reverse. Dr. Woodward showed how these diSnt v=eW3 
arose, and brought forward arguments in favor of the Connecticut view 

Rhode Island Historicai, SocrExr. 

T,.wT'^''''''- ^•■^•\ ^"^''■3'-^^"'- 21, 18T4.-An adjourned quarterlv meetin- was 
held Uusevening in the cabm-t, on Waterman street, t!:e Ifon. Zachariah Allln 

^^'iTV" '''•^'''■'^''- ^^'■''' ''-'' ^ '-'^y i^^Se attendance, and aa vxn / uai 
numoer ot ladies were prcseut. - = , au i.uij..uai 

VOL. XSIX. 11 

122 Societies and their Proceedings, [Jan. 

^ Amos Perry, the secretary, rend a letter from the lihmrian, the Rev, Edwin M. 
Stone, -ivho was prevented t>y sickiio.-j« from iittendiri;;, rderrin,!,' to the paper on ihe 
streets of Providence, to be read at this ineetiuir, aud ::ivin^' facts and reniipisrencts 
as to the former and present names and the location of hireet*, accompanied hv a 
ira^ucnt of an an^iellt plat of tiie iouii, from ulucy Btrett to Stampers street, 
drawn hy Andrew Harris in Feb. 17IS. 

jMr. Perry then read from the Phenix, a Providence newspaper of June 14, 18P6, 
an ordinance adopted by tiie town cuuricii tJxin::; the names, metes and bounds of 
the seventy-six streets then laid out. The cliaiiLres of names were also taven, as for 
instance. North and Soutli Main street were sul/stituted f.r Kinu^ street.'and Cullc^e 
street for Hanover street, all names tairuf^d with ruvalty bcini; then very unpupuhir. 

Jlemarks followed fnmi the Hun. Zaehiuiah Allen, tlio Hon. Thomas A, Doyle, 
mayor of Providence, William G. \\'illiams, J. Erastus Le^ter, Jonathan S. Angell, 
Christopher IJiirr and Amos Perry, brinijing out many interesting reminiseeuces of 
the streets of Providence. 

December 8.— A meeting -Nvas held this evening, the president, the Hon. Samuel 
G. Arnold, in the chair. 

The following resolution was then adopted : 

" Resolv'-d, That Drs. George L. Collins and Charles W. Parsons, of Providence ; 
the Hon. Francis Erinley, of Newport ; Wm. J. Miller, Fsq., of Bristol, and John 
G. Clarke, Esq., of South Kingstown, be apjiointed a committee to devise and carry 
out measures for the observance of the bi-eeiiteniiial anniversary of ' Iving Philip's 
"V\ ar,' reporting to the society early the ensuing year theresuit of their' delibera- 

Chnrjps F. M^^rriam, a':ljiitant of the ilrst rei,nment, Pv. I. D. M., presented a 
metallic eagle's head, a part of the handle of a sword said to have belonged to Gen. 
"VVashi'igton, which was presented to that regiment, in 1601, iu Washin<iton, by the 
Carroll family. = > J- 

Erastus L. Richardson then read a paper entitled, " A Providence Plantation." 
It was a well-written and interesting historical sketch of tiio town of Woonsocket. 
of which Mr. Richardson is a citizen, as it was bounded and defined in the deeds uf 
the first settlers, more than a century ago, when it was simply one of the " Plan- 

A letter from Dr. Henry E. Turner, of Newport, stating his intention of present- 
ing at the next session of the general assembly, the subject of c/lleeting and puttiii"- 
into form all the genealogical data in the state, and asking cooperation. ° 

New-Haven Colony Historical Society. 

New-Haven, CL, Xov. 31, 1871.— The annual meeting of this Societv -^-as held 
this evening at its room in the City Hall. 

Dr. £. H. Leffingwell, in the absence of the curator, reported that during the 
year there had been received 41 volumes, 60 pamphleti: and objects of interest.^ 

Nathan Peek, the treasurer, rejjorted that the society's permanent fund amounted 
to about $1200, invested in bonds, and there was also a balance of $198.78 in cash 
en hand. 

The annual election then took place, and resulted in the choice of the following 
officers : ° 

President— The Rev. E. E. Ceardslcy, D.D. 

Vice-President — Thomas K. Trowbridire. 

Treasurer — Nathan Peck. 



Bishop, M.D., George Petrie. 

The Rev. Dr. Bacon oliered the following resolutions : 

Resoh-ed, That the society hereby records its deep s»>n<e of the loss which it haa 
experienced in the death of Raijih Dunning Smith, of Guilford, who has been one of 
its most efScient and valued nieuibers, and for the last nine years one of its directors, 
and whose fidelity in all relations, domestic, social and public, was honored by all 
who knew him. 

Resolved, That with a copy of the foregoinc: resolution, there be communicated to 
the widow of ourdecenscda.^sociate, and to his survivinir daugh.ter and her husband, 
Dr. Steiner, our eaniest; rei^uest, that the valuable collectious which he had made 

1875.] Societies and their Proceedings. 123 

of materials pertainincr to the history of bi=? own toTra, of tlie New-Haven colony, 
and of Yale ColloLre, he carefully preserved, and bn, for their better preservation 
and greater iistfuliie^s, deposited in tiic library of this society. 

Ai'tcr reiuark.-s by tlip mover, the resulutii)ns were adopted by a rising vote. 

Dr. Lptiin.;,'well rciiiirided thf members, that the scniety were eulkctiiig the pho- 
tographn of i)rominetit citizens, past and present, and solic-ited eacli member to 
prtceut his own picti're, and secure those of old and distinguished citizens. 

Historical Society of Dklaware. 

Wihninqton, Dec. 5, 1871. — The annual meetins was held thi.s evening. Dr. H. 
F. AskeAv in the chair. 

The treasurer's rei)ort was presented and referred to the committee on fmance. 

The annual cleetinn then took j)laee, and the following otSeers v,ere elected, namely : 

Prfisid^-nt — llerirv F. Askew, M.D. 

Vkc-Prrsid'tits—Vi. P. Porter, M.D., New Castle county ; the Hon. Joseph P. 
Comegys, Kent county : the Hon. Edward ^yoottcn. Sussex county. 

Corrcxpunilinrj S'.cretnnj — L. P. Bush, M.D. 

Recording STrctan/ — Joseph R. Walter, A.B. 

Librarian — K. P. J.-jlmson, M.D. 

Treasurer — (Jre^rg Chandler. 

Directors— .5\\\x\(i<.C. Douglass, Red Lion ; William J. ISIcCanlley, J. Henry Ro- 
gers, New Castle ; Elwood Garrett, the Rev. J. Liua McKim, Gcijrgetuwn. 

ilis/orinfjraph'r — The ILm. L. E. AV'alcs. 

Tlie Hon. Wiilard Hall was declared President Emeritus. 

The cnniTnitro.i on the liiityry of ncvvsjjapurs reported favorable progress in tho 
preparation of said history, and that the Hon. E. G. iiradfurd had promised to pre- 
set. r t;> tlio soeiL-ry f)ur volumes of the Delaware Gazette, while under the editorial 
iuai.-.:;;ement of Moses J'radford. 

The'eommittee on the 175th anniversary of the Old Swede's Church were continued 
to complete their interesting report presented at the last meeting. 

The committee on procuring photographs of the Old Swede's Church and the 
Couimunion service was continued with instructions. 

Thes)ciety then adjourned to Thursday evening, Dec. 10th, for the literary por- 
lion of the aimual meeting. 

Wilmington, Dec. 10. The adjourned annual meeting was held this evening at 
the society's rooms in Masonic Temple, the president. Dr. H. F. Askew, in the chair. 

Prayer was oifered by the Rt. Rev. Alfred Lee, D.D. 

The'president announced the foUowins Standing Committees for the ensuing yeaj : 

On Library— R. P. Johnson, Elwood Garrett and Samuel Floyd. 

On Publication— J o>f^ph R. Walter, Fielder Israel and George A. Latimer. 

On Biography— Ij. E. Wales, T. Gardiner Littell and R. R. Porter. 

<).i Donations — L. P. Bush, John P. N^ales and John Wilson. 

' >n Finance — Gre2-g Chandler, A. A. Grimshaw and S. A. Maeallister. 

The Rev. F. Israel from the committee on the 175th anniver.«ary of the Old 
Swede's Church, read the report of said committee, giving a graphic account of the 
services on that interesting occasion. 

Jo-eph J. Mickley, Esq., being introduced to the sncictv, read a carefully pre- 
pared historical paper on '• William Usselinx and Peter jMinuit," the former the 
{(..under of tlie American, or West India Company, and the latter the founder of the 
lirst Swedish settlements on the banks of the Delaware. In his address he detailed 
the diliieuities through which the persistent and energetic Usselinx struggled in 
forming t!ie eomi'.any ; his endeavors to interest .in his project the states general 
and the g-ivem.ments of France and Germany, and his final success under the wise 
and able\iastaf Adolf. Peter Minuit, taking up the umlertakini; of Usselinx, un- 
der the prutective gnvemiuent wiiich regulated the ail'airs of Sweden during the 
minority of Qaeen\'hri.-tina and with the subsequent aid of the gracious queen 
herselfj'succeeded in establishing the settlements on the Delaware. Mr. Mickley, 
in the progress of his history, quoted many rare and to most American readers 
unknown dueumenLs. His address throughout bore marks of deep_ researcti and 
comprelieusive knowledge, and certainly developed many new points in the history 
of Usselinx and Minuit. 

Dr. Bush from the standing committee announced the donations, among which was 
one from Mrs. SLimuel Canby, e,jnsi.-.tinLr of twenty-one continentaljiotes of Delaware 
of ditftrent .lenominatiDn-, of which 1^ were issued January 1, lJ76,acci)rding to aa 
act of the general assembly of the " Counties of New Castle, Kent and Scsisei on 

124 Booh-Notices. [Jan. 

the Dclavrarc," in the 15th year of the rcii^n of his majesty George III., sJOTed by 
■ Jno. M. Kinlt-y, James Sykefl, and I). .Manhvc. The other three notes were issuf.-il 
according; to an act t;f the .general a,-<^crnl)ly of tlie State of Delaware uiade in the 
year 177(3, and bearing date May 1. 1777, and siirncd '' R. Loekwowl.J' 

Also from tb.e Kinie, six notes uf tiie state of iSew-Jcrsey of dates 1763 and 1770 ; 
seven notws of the State of MassachuseltiJ Jiay, 17dO ; ten notes of the Stiue of 
Maryland, 1767, 1770. and 1774. 

On mxtiuu of the K-V. Mr. l^rael, the cominiitee on biograph.y was requested to 

frepare for the next uieetiuir. resolutions upun the death and a memorial of the late 
Ion. John }ihiredeth Read.^LL.D., an honorary nieuiher, and the chairman of the 
delegation of the Historical Society at t!ic inaugural meeting of this Kociety. 

Dr. JJush made remarks upon the t^ite of Fort Christina, and suggested the pro- 
priety of eroctini^ a monument to mark the locality. 

\Vm. S. McCaullcy, Ksij., made some interesting stat(>nients concerning a society 
for historical purpoiJL's which formerly existeil in tliia city, and to which a large 
number of Ix^^oks had bt-cn donated ■which properly reverted to this society. Accord- 
ingly, Mr. McCauHey, Oul. Grimshaw and Dr. Bush were appointed a couimitcee to 
endeavor to procure said books. 


CaUdojue of the past and present Jircmhers, Resident and Corresponding, of 
the Maine Historical Sociefi/. Brunswick : Joseph GrifSn. 1874. [8vo. 
pp. 25.] 

Thia is in many respects a model catalogue, deserving of imitation by kin 
dred societies. ^V'e coild wish there was as complete a one of the members of our 
New-England Historic, Genealogical Society. First, tlicre is an alphalietical list of 
the original members, 1() in number. Secund, a li>t of associate resident members 
in the order of their elect'on, 305 in all. Third, an alphabetical list of corres))ond- 
ins: members, 74 in numher, with their residence when elected, and the year of their 
death, if they have deceased. Fourth, a list of the resident members, arranged al- 
phabetically, with the dates of their election appended. To add to the completeness 
of this list for reference, the names of the corresponding members should nave been 
included in Italics. 

To the names of the original, and associate resident members in their order of 
election, there is annexed : — First, their residence when elected. Second, their pro- 
fession or occupation. Tliird, their birthplace. Fourth, date of birth. Filth, date 
of death if deceased. Sixth, age at death. The deceased members are also (*), and 
a f indicates their removal from the state. 

Maine was separated from Massachusetts, June, ISGO, after a union of 142 years, 
and in April, lS:Jv, t!le.^'ai^e IJi:<torieal Society was oriranized, and the governor of 
the new state, the Hon. Albron K. Parris, was elected its first president. The value 
of this catalogue, embracing as it does most of the prominent men of the state since 
its organization, together with the dates of their birth and death, &c., is apparent in 
a genealogical point of view. 

The catalogue would have been more complete had the first and middle names of 
the members been given in full as far as attainable, as has become the custom in 
college catalogues, for instance, one would be glad to know that " H. W. Longfel- 
low prof. B. U.," whose residence was " Brunswick " at the date of his election, 
1831, is the Henry "Wadswortli Ijontclellow, of later lame as a poet, and long resident 
in Cambridge, Mass. It is also to lie regretted that tlie same information as to dates, 
&c., is not annexed to the names of the corresponding members. This, however, ia the 
first published catalogue ; the editors ask '' any one who can supply omitted dates or 
correct errors," to furnish the rc'iuieite information, so that that matter will proba- 
bly be attended to in future i.^sues, 

"Hon Ether Shcpiey, born in Groton, Mass., Nov. 2, 1780, and now a resident of 
Portland, Me., is theuuly urigiuu.1 member living ; and Alpheus S. Packard, born in 

3875.] Bool- JSTot ices. 125 

Chelmsford, Mn?3., Dec. 23, 1793, elected a member in 1828, and oneof the conipilcrs 
of thia e.italou'iio, is the next ul(lt>t livini,' i)U'iul)er. 

T!ie society is certainly under oldi-ation to Messrs. Wm. G. Barrows and A. S. 
Packard, for the careful manner with whicli they have executL'd tiic trupt confided 
to them k prcpuiiu-- thio cat.ilugue. 0. u. r. 

A Report of the Proceedings at the Celebration of the Firat Centennial Anni- 
versary of the Incorporation of the Tonm of Buxton, Maine, held at Bux- 
ton Awj. 14, 1872; being a fdl Account of the Brercises of the Bay 

IliStarical Address, Oration, Poem, Toasts, and Betters received relating 
thereto. With an Appendix, containing Genealogical Sketches of the Pio- 
neers of the Toicn and a List of the Kiculntionary Soldiers from Buxton, 
as fir as can be ascertained. By J. ]M. ]MaK6IialY. Portland : Dre-^ser! 
McLellan & Co. 1874. [8vo'. pp. 288.] 

The Woodmans of Buxton, Maine. By Cyuus Woodmax. Boston: 
Printed for private use, by David Clapp & Son. 1874. 8vo. pp. 12,>. 

Before July 11. 1772, when the act was pa8i>ed incorporatin:' Buxton a<» a town 
the plantation was known as Narrapinset N(,. 1. The records of" the i)roi)ri<'tr,rs ,i 
this t nvrisiijp, ^yltha documentary intr.M.Iuction and notes bv the late Cai)t. ^\'illiam 
±. Ooodwin, L..b.A..werc publislied in lb7I. '|'his volume was noticed in the 
Ke-ister for April, 187-2 (xxvi. 215), where the reader will iind some interestiu- 
laofs rclntivc to t;i'-- ph'.c-?. ^ 

The titie-paee of the present volume is a good table of contents for it. The hi.s- 
tonoal address i.s by ttie Hon. Cyrus \Voodman. of CamJ^-id-e, Ma-.s., a native of 
i^uston, who has done much with his pen and purse to rescue the aunalsof hi" native 
place from The address tills nearly a hundred pn-es, and is replete witli 
information wjiich will interest natives of tlie place and those who wish to -et an 
iiiside view <>{ hie for a hundred years and more, in an interior Xew-Eiurjamftown 
Ihe poem is by Charles G. Came, of Boston, and contains some humorous touches 
on the oy-aone days and men ol Buxton. Alter the tuascs, speeches and letters is 
an appendix ot 138 pa,2es, containin£r -enealoii-ies of the families of Kimball \\'o'.d- 
man LldcnKedlon, Brooks, Merrill, Duuneii, Hancock, Dunn, Bovnton, D-ir.-il, 
f. n- '"< ""F^'r ^ '^^^'^Aioo>,xts,AtUn^on, Leavitt, Hill, Lane, Xason. Hoi^kinson 
Lobn bands, Emery, Dennett, W eutworth, Bradbury and liobson, with other mat- 
ters o. historic interest. 

The Woodmans of Buxton is a genealosieal account of Joseph, Joshua and Xa- 
than \\ oodman, three brothers who settled in Xarra-anset Nof 1, irivin- tbdr an- 
cestrvand descendants. The brothers were besoyes^( great grand." ns) of Edward 
AVoodman who settled in Newbury, Mass., in 1635. Of theearlv generations of the 
Ucscenuams ot Edward, a genealogy was prepared in 1855 fur the^ compiler of tiiis 
wo.k r,^ the late Joshua Cohin. and was printed at the expense of the luvmcr (t-ee 
J.LG.sTE.-i, IX. J/0), xnc work befjre us is excellently arranced, is full and precise 
in its deuiil.-^ and is handsomely printed. It has a full index'and blank leaves for a 

J. W. D. 

The Loit Family, or the Descendants of John Coif, who appears among the 
Settlers of Salem, Mass., in 1G38, ot Gloucester in 1C44. and at A'cw-Bon- 
^n ui 1<..jO. Compiled at the request of Samuel Coit, of Hartford, Conn. 
Bj ;he Rrv. F. TV. Citap.max, A. M., Author of the Chapman Family, 
&c. 6.C. ilartford. Press of the Case, Lockwood & Braicard Co. 
1874. [8vo. pp. 341.] 

The Bev Mr. Chapman's genealogies are always models of thnrouiihness and ac- 
curacy. 1 his IS the nfth extended work that has issued from his pen since 1354. 
-when he pulMislied his Chapman Family. 

The author inform--; us that " more than ten vears since the Rev. Robert C. Learn- 
ed, whose motuerwas a Coit, commenced making collections of tamiiy records, with 
a view to publishing a history and pe.ligree of the Coit family at s^mie future day 
Having made extensive collections, ho died in 1867, leaving the Avork uncompleted. 
The Avork was suspended for about three years, when Mr. bamuel Coit empUed the 
compiler to prepare a full history and gcne-alogv of the family." 

yoL. xsix. 11* 

126 Book-Notices. [Jan. 

Mr. Chapman hns nscd every means in hi^^ power to verify and extend Mr. 
lipnrne'rs oi)lli;.;tii.n.s, liy letters and circiilnrs, and liy personal vinits to rpcurd otiices, 
libraries and burial ltoiukIs, and ha-i prodiu-ed a work that must ^ive Batis(';K-tion to 
the most caption'^. The wt)rk is printed in a superior manner, and illustrated by 
a number oi stLcl po.tnu;.>. Exceih-ui. indexes arc lound in the present as i a the 
author's previous works. j, -vr, d. 

A Genrnhgt;^ of the Leavenworth Fdinih; in the United States, with Historical 
Introduction, Sfc. By Eli.vs WAUxicii Lkavkxworth, LL.D., of Syra- 
cuse, N. Y. Syracuse, N. Y. : S. U. Hitchcock & Co. 1873. [8 vo. pp. 

This family is de?cended from Thomas lA'avenworth, wlio came to this country in 
the seventeenth century and settled in "Woodbury, Ct., where he died An^'ust 3, 
1683, leavini? a widow (.iraco who survived him many j-ears, and at lea-^t two clul- 
dren._ The family tradition in that he landed in New-Haven and settled soon after 
in Woodbury, fie had a brother John, who also came to this country and 
was one of the early propriet'irs of \Vo.idbury. In 16iU, he purchased an estate in 
Boston described by Mr. Amory in the Ki;.iisiKii (xxv. 3SJ), in his article. " A Home 
of the Olden Time." There is evidence that Joim Leavenworth was in Boston or its 
vicinity, either permanently or temporarily, ten years earlier, tliat is in 1CS4. He 
was afterward a resident of Woodbury ; but he finally removed to Stratford, Ct., 
■where he died about the year 1T,U2. It seems that he left no descendants and proba- 
bly he was never married. 

Thp vr.'-s.': :- ;o \ci-y UiicoiuUiuu ia Eugiaud that the author has not been able to 
find itin^any English directory, or hear of a sinirle person of the name now 
livinu; in Eni'.-land. It ajtpears however that tlie name formerly existed in London, 
for in 16G1 Tl'.om's and Edward Leaven wortli were assci^sed a hearth tax irt the 
parish of St. Clare, Southwark, while, in 17:29, Peter Leavenworth took out a mar- 
riage license in London, and Sir Lewis Leavenworth was living there about 1750. It; 
is not impossible that Thomas of Southwark may have been the .settler in "Woodbury. 

It is more than tifty years since the author and his brother beaan to collect gene- 
alogical materials, which, in 18 lU, were embodied in a genealogical tree and Titho- 
graphcd. Only about fifty impressions were taken. 

The present work contains the names of nearly one thousand persons by the name 
of Leavenworth, besides many descendants of Thomas Leavenworth bearing other 
names. The materials sei m to have been collected with great care, and the>-^are ju- 
diciously arranged. Quite full biographical sketches of the more distinguished 
members of the family are given ; aud fine steel portraits of eighteen of them, be- 
sides other illustrations, embellish the work. 

_ The author, who has held many prominent offices and otherwise led a very busy 
life, deserves great credit for the preparation of so worthy a family memorialin the 
midst of engrossing duties. j, -yy _ jj_ 

The American Historical Record and Brprrtory of Xotes and Queries con- 
cerning the History and Antiquities of America and Biography of Ameri- 
cans. Ediced by Bexsox J. Lossing, LL.D. Vol. IIL Philadelphia: 
John E. Potter and Comjuny, No. G17 Sausom Street. 1874. [Sm. 4to. 
pp. 574.] 

This illustrated monthly magazine, devoted to historical and kindred s\ibiects, was 
commenced in January, lrt7-, and has been freqiK'ntly noticid with approval in the 
pages of the Register. The familiarity with American history and bioLTaphy which 
the tetter portion of a lifetime spent in writing upon those subjects anci illustrating 
them with his pencil, ha<l given to Mr. Lossing, had thoroughly prepared him fo^r 
the new duties he then assuim'd as editor of this work ; while his acquaintance with 
historical and biographical writers and students in all parts of the countrv, and hi.s 
known fc:irness of character, won to his pages somcuf the ablest pens in the specialty 
to which the Record was devoted. 

The publishers announce that, with the new year, the periodical is to be enlarged 
in its .scope and size, and the title is to be changcil to " Pntlrr's Amcriran MontlTlij : 
an lUustratid Mn^iazin.': of lUslory, Literature, Sritncc and Art.'" " Wc propuseV' 
Bay they, " to make i'ottei-'s Amerh-m .Monthly what thf Record has been, emphati- 
cally an American juurnul, devoting a large proportion of its space to Americaa 

1875.] Book-jYotlces. 127 

History, Bio^rnphv, Antiquities and kindred mibjccts." Befides its historical and 
l)iu^ra|)liii,-yl ih-partUKint:^, there will be clt[)artmcnt,s of pcierice, art and JittraturC; 
t!i'.' Ja-^t incliiirm;;lii-tioii and poetry. Tlio de]iartTiicnt of Notes and (^ucric.-i Avill be 
continued, and will cover the wJiole field of tuples embraced in the eiilarfjed 6Coi)o of 
tlie 2un^:;;i7.ine. 

The incr:aM"d lahir which the cliange in the ma^razinc imporcs upon its editor, 
Jii-events .Mr. l.ossin^ I'n;'!! continuiii;^ longer in the pof-ition nliirli he has so sueeess- 
I'ully tilled fur three years ; but lie hua Um.ii en'j;a2ed to contribute roi;iilarly and lil)- 
erally to its pa^es. In the January nuniher -will appear the jirht of a .series of illus- 
trated articles from his pen, on "The lli'-torie Buildiinr^ o/ America." 

The price uf the work will be the same as bel'ore the eliun^-o, namely, four-dollars 
a year. We hupo tiic publishers will be liberally sustained in their eilbrts to diiluse 
instruction. j. w. d. 

A History of 3/ndiso», the Capital of Wisconsin ; tnchidinr/ the Four Laic 
Co2intry, to JaJij. 1874. With an Appendix of Notes on JJane Countij and. 
its I'owns. By Daniel S. DuiiUiE. Madison, AYio : 167-1. [8vo. pp. 

This is a bo()k every way worthy of the <rrowini]j •v\Tstern city whose history it re- 
cords. Thoui^h there have been several pamphlet histories issued, this is the first 
attempt to give an e>".hau.stive account of the rise and proirress of the capital e:ty of 
AViscoissin. which nuudiers with pride among its institutions, the istate JJistorical 
SocietN" and the University of Wisconsin. 

Mr. Dnrrio i:ns iind -,in ndvar.tnge over onr Atlantic cities, for he has " interview- 
ed " some of tlie \lx<t settlers of the place whose history lie has written, and has cun- 
eulted llles of newsp;>.]K'rs printed there running back to within nineteen months of 
the fir>t, settlement of tlio place. 

The first hou.^e in the present limits of the city of ^ladison was completed and 
the first family occupied it in the spring of 1S37, about a year after the act of Con- 
gress was passed organizing the territory of Wisconsin. This territory then included 
tlie present states of Wisconsin, Iowa and Minnesota, and a part of the present terri- 
tory of Dakn'a. The plrice had been laid oat as a town in 1836, and on the 03'] of 
November of that j'ear an act had been passed by the territorial legie-lature, making 
it the future seat of government of Wisconsin. The first session of the legislature 
was held there in the fall of 1838. Madison received a city cliartcr March 4, 1^50. 
In 1S50. according to the census returns, it hnd 15-25 inhabitants, in 1860 it had 6611, 
and in Ic^TO. (il76. Dane county, of which Madison is the capital, had 314 inhabit- 
ants in 1840, and 53,096 in laTO. j. w. D. 

List of Persons admitted to the Order of Deacons in the Protestant Episco- 
'pal Church, in the United States of America, from A. D. 1785 to A. I). 
18 37. ijofh inclusive. Prepared by the late Right Rev. Gkotjge Bukgess, 
D. D., Bishop of JMaite. Bostou : A. Williams & Co. 1874. [12mo. pp. 

Lndex to Bishop Pi'rrjess's List of Persons ordained Deacons in the Protest- 
ant Episcopal Church. Bostou: A. "Williams & Co. 1874. [12mo. 
pp. xvi.] 

This is a monument of patient industry, and the preparation of it must have 
involved a large amount of correspondence and expense. Although it is of especial 
interest to the meml»ers of that Church of whose ministers it treats, it is by no 
means without its value to those who are engaged in historical and genealogical re- 
searches. Wo have no doubt that the book will cnai)le some persons to close up 
gaps in family hi-itorics which otherwise would remain ojicn. 

The Index of Names, a« it renders references very easy, is of great value. Having 
had some experionco in c^ mpiling such indexes we know tlie great amount of labor 
and extreme care absolutely necessary to such a work, especially where, as in this 
case, the number of names Is over twenty-seven hundred. 

The cJit'ir of this volume, who is also the compiler of the Index, does not give his 
name ; but we will venture to state that it is to the Rev. ^V'il!iam 8. Tiartlet, who 
has long been a member of this society, that we are indebted for the publication of 
this book. J. w. d. 






Bates, Mrs. Martha Hen^hnw, in Xorth- 
.impton, MasH., XDVi-^.ihci- 9, l^iTl. 
She -wiis the ilanghter of S:umi.->1 \\\\\ 
Martha (Hunt) " ilfiishaw, ai!.] \\\\a 
born in Poston, June i), lT>^:i. Married 
September 21, 1607, to Hun. l>aao 
Chapman Bates, late scnatur nf the 
United Stntcjijioru in (IranviUc.Ma-^H., 
JaTiP.arvJ.3, 17*'J,ilioil in »Va.s!iin;rt'jn, 
B.C., "March JO, l"il5. !<ho wa^ t!io 
litth in descent frouj Jo^hia^ Ilcns/inw, 
of Dorchester, born in Liverp-.jol, Kdl'- 
land, about 1043, uicd 171!), raarnoj 
iu 1070 to Elizabeth Sumner, of Dor- 
chej^ter, bapti/.ed June ■Jl , 10.>-\ diid 
17-28 ; through IS'Jinuct' Ij\ris/if7]f, h. in 
Dorchester, Aju-il 1, ICSJ, Jie.l Oet.jlH r 
18, 1761, married to Waititill TM[)l;iV, 
of Dorch.e^fer, b'^rn Novemhei 0, 10^51, 
died May 17, 173*/ ; SarnucF IJc-Ls/i/nr, 
born in Miicon. SepteiaV-rr i, 17.;!, 
died May -Jl, 1778. married Xnveinher. 
1742. to Submit Woodard, of ^iiiton, 
died .March 14, 1792 : and S,-/nurl'^ Iha- 
shmc, her father, t.f Milt'.>n. 1'. (.-toii smd 
Nortfiampton, l>.,vn in Milti^n, F--'h- 
ruurj 3, 1744, died in XnrtiiampDjn, 
;March 11, ISO'J, married AuiiunC 7, 
1782, to Martha Huiit, of XoiTliamp- 
ton, born June 28, 1755, died Mav 27, 

Carr, Hon. Jesse, in Goffstown, X. II., 
Xovember 17, 1874, at'ed 01. He was 
formerly much in politieal life, and 
held the olHcej of stiito .-senator and 
representative, and was ?ii:>?''i;uencjy 
tor many jears an aesi,>eiate JM.-^r.ifi: uf 
the court of ccmuion p!e:i,s fur llii^^^- 
borough Counly. -Jadire Carr wa-- fi:r 
a long period a well kiii'wn ami !;>-ii:iii. 
cent citizen and an inlliuniial luvuibt-r 
of the Democratic party of tiiut (st;it>^, 
and in its counsel? e.-^erteJ a wide iu- 
llueuce. ". 

Herrick, H'sn. .Joshua, at hh rc-Meneo 
m AilVed, Maine, Augu-t :>i>. 1^74. 
aged 81. He -wan the y ll■.'lgt■^t r.>;i of 
Joshua and Mary (Jones) Herri.-k. and 
was born in Beverly. E.-.-ex C'Minty, 
Mass., March IS. I7D3. in the y.-'^.r 
1811 he went to Maine and f<'r .-ewial 
years was engaged iu lumlieriiig l>u>i- 
lU'S-i on th.e npj'er Ar.dr 'see'irgin. \:\^ 
1814 he v.-as in clio jidlit.iry M-rvic;' of 
the Uuited States uiiu :.-tat:uned on tao 

lower Kenneltcc, ai:d subsequently was 
Beveral years in Brunswick connected 
with the lirst cutt'in factory erected in 
Maine. In 1810 he was appointed 
dcput\' fiheritr ot Ctimbcrland County, 
v.hii.h position he heiil fur many year^. 
Jlarly in the year 1620, hi* removed to 
Kennebunki)ort, York County, and in 
the .s{)ring of that year, on the coming 
in of Jackson's administration, was 
apjiointed deputy collector and inspec- 
t ir of customs for the district of kon- 
nelnink, which otlice lie held until 
1811. In January, 1842, he was ap- 
))uinted hy Gov. Fairfield chairman of 
Ij-iard of commissionei-8 of lork coun- 
ty, which po?iti'jn he lield until Xo- 
vember, 1843. In the fall of the iattsr 
year he was elected member of the 
2.sth CuDgress from the Y(jrk and Ox- 
ford diiJtrict, serving on the comraitfets 
on affairs aud accounts. In lol7 
wa.-i again appointed deputy CollecOji* 
•"vA inspector of customs, serving until 
March, 1840. In December of the lat- 
ter year, was appointed by Gov. 
register of probate of York County, 
\Nti.:h position he held until 1855, 
and in January, 1850, was again ap- 
poiiited by Gov. \\'ells register of pro- 
fiate of the latter county. He was 
j'lng widely knuwn throughout the 
?tate as one of its most promi.ient and 
public spivitfd citi/enn,and as an active 
and intliicntial meuibtr of the Demo- 
on-.ti.) party. Col. Herrick was -a 
v.artn ])e"S')iiaI friend of the late Prof. 
S. I'. B. 3[orsc,v,hom he greatly aided 
in e>tab!ish:ng the first line of tele- 
graph in tl'ii country between Wash- 
in:,iton and Baltimore, in 1844, and be- 
tween tliere existed a most ia- 
lirnate friendship to the clo^e of the 
life of tiic latter, in February, 1672. 
He waa married .Mav 10, 1830, 'to Miss 
I/annah F. Rr)ger3, 'daughter of Dea. 
(ifurire \\ . li.igers, of Alfred, who sur- 
vr.\-v him. He left seven chddren — five 
marri:;d daughters and two sons. n. 

p!:rs''OTT, Elisha (Xo. 340 of the Proscott 
.Nbnn. .rial, p. 205) , in Raymond, X. H., 
Xovem''er 20. 1874. a^ed 97. He was 
b.;rn Septeniber 0, 1777, and was the 
tiitli generation in descent from Jainrs^ • 
FnsLc:/., the i'umigrant. of llamntoii, 
X. H., through Joi/,;cs,- E!isha^~ and 
UjiKcztr,* " w. p. 


^ '^'J 

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■?. n:-~:::.v 

-■'.-lY nr- 7- 




IX Tj vJ 1 O X .LJ xt e 


Y I. . X X I X . — A P R I L , 18 7 5. 





David Clap? & Sux, Pki:.ti:k3. 



'-tS^ ; '.-IF'*- 





APRIL, 1875. 


By the Ror. Dorcs Clakke, D.D., of Boston. 

JL ^isnics, France, Oct. 4, 1767, and died at Val Richer, in 
Xoniiandy, Sept. 13, 1874, so that had he li-^ed nearly one month 
longer he vrould have been ei:::hty-seven years of aixe. He was an 
honorary member of th\rf society, and his departure is a great loss 
to the repubhe of letters. His father was a lawyer in the south of 
France, and ascended the scaffold in the Reii^n of Terror, three days 
after the victory oi" Robespierre over Danton. Cniizot was then 
seven years old. Fie was born to be the representative and the ex- 
ponent of constitiitionai monarchy, — a, sort of half-way station be- 
tween absolntism and democracy. His father was a Protestant, and 
as in very early life he was sent to Geneva to be educated, the Pro- 
testant convictions, which liad been instilled into him in liis cradle, 
weie strongly intensified by breathing the free air of the city of 
Calvin. He was far enough, however, from being a Democrat in 
the agrarian, levelling sense of that term, for he was not at all dis- 
posed to abandon human aiTairs to the control of the turbulent, un- 
reasoning passions of the multitude. In England he would have 
been a Tory, in the United States neither a Republican nor a Demo- 
crat, for he had a large monarchical element in his political constitu- 
tion. Reared as he was, he would not fit exactly into anv of the 
moulds of American statesmanship. After the fall of Kino- Louis 
Philippe, of whose cabinet Guizot was the head, he wrote to a 
friend, " I may not live to see it, but I cherish the conviction that 
constitutional mon;irchy (tlie cause to which my political life has 
been devoted) will be permanently reestablished in France." He did 
not live to see it, but he lived to see France, by the overthrow of 
Thiers, miss the opportunity to do it, and perhaps for some time to 
come. His instincts were somewhat liberal, and yet they wert.' 
eminently conservative. Liberty he would advocate, but it must be 

VOL. XXIX. 12 

130 Guizot. [April, 

a liberty controllod by law, and that law iniulit be tlie will of one man. 
He was born tu lead, rather than to follow ; born to power, not to 
obsc({uiousne«!S. Tall, firndy built, erect, witli calm searching eyed 
and well-chii^elled fe;itnvei', proud and inipcrlousi, \iU pergonal apjtcar- 
ance, whicli sfrougl}'" resembled the duke of Wellington's, showed at 
once thai he was born to contnd, if not to donduatc. 

But to resume his earlier history. His literary attainments, -wliile 
at school in Geneva, were remarkable. At the age of twelve he 
had not only mastere<l the ancient languages, but was thorougldy 
acquainted with the German, the English, and the Italian. At the 
age of eighteen, the very year Austerlitz was won and the glory of 
Napoleon reached its zenith, he returned to France and took U{t his 
residence in Paris. He was educated for the law, but having little 
taste for that profession, he soon abandoned it for general literature. 
Through the Paris newspapers he soon wrote himself into notoriety, 
and into the highest literary circles of that learned metropolis. His 
ascent was, through the sanctum, first to the chamber, then the 
minister, then the plenipotentiary, and Jinally the " arm chair '" of 
the Academy, which ii tlie pccudonyiu of Lae highest literary distinc- 
tion in France. Xapoleon I. attempted to secure his services in aid 
of his own vaulting ambition, but though he was a young aspirant 
to power, he declined the otfer. His >sb.arp editorial warfare against 
the policy of Charles X. hastened the Revolution of July, and placed 
Louis Philippe upon the throne of France. Louis made him 
^Minister of the Interior, but he held that portfolio only a few months. 
From 1832 to l83tJ he was Minister of Public Instruction, and from 
1840 to 1848 he was Prime IMinister. From 1820 to 1848 liis his- 
tory may almost be said to have been the history of France. The 
reign of Louis Philippe was distinguished for bringing literary men 
to the front. It was a period when the Bourgeoisie, or the ^Middle 
Estate, of which Guizot was the vigorous representative, wielded 
the i5le of power. Both the ancient noblesse of France and its 
modern Jacobinism were under a cloud, and if tliere had been moral 
principle enough in the kingdom, France might have been saved 
from the stormy and sangiu'narv scenes wliich have since disfigured 
her history. But the political ascendancy of (uiizoc was not to be 
of long continuance. With the overthrow of Louis Philippe, to 
which Guizot himself unwittinglv contributed, his o\vn ministry 
came to an end. The inflexibility of both his religious and political 
opinions prevented his accepting accomplished facts, and events, 
which he deemed himself able to control, he found were too strong 
even for the im|)eriousness of his arbitrary will. 

His use of the government patri"»nage, too, was pardonable only 
on the ground of his supreme confidence in tlie rectitude of his inten- 
tions, and of Ids sense of tlieir overwhelming importance. His own 
personal purity, however, was never com[)romised, and he fell from 
power only by very well-inenut indiscretions. As a statesman, his 

1875.] Chdzot. 131 

views were cnliphtcncfl nnd coni)>roliCTisive, ))nt as a cliplomntist he 
was not suthcicntly shrewd [or the t!h;ir[) practiee of those re\olution- 
arv times. He did n<>t know how to ?ehuol himself into the reti- 
cence necos.-^arv in that 'h'.parhncnt. AVhile, on the the one side, he 
relumed to adopt the hypociitical maxim ascribed to Talleyrand, that 
laii!jua;!:e was dosiiined to conceal onr thouuht?-, on the other he tidl 
into the error that the copia I'erborri.m is compatible with snceess. 
Hence lie Tailed in Fiance, and afterwards more signally in England, 
where lie was cl(>arly oiitgeneralled by the liritish ^Ministry. 'J'ho 
anterior n-gion of his brain was of great volume, quite out of pro- 
])Ortion to the posterior, which was unusually small. The phi-eno- 
iogi.>:.s \\iiuld therefore tell us that he was designed for the study, 
nnd not for the active scenes of a military, or the tortuous wind- 
ings of Ji di[»loniatic career. He was no match for Talleyrand, 
or Metteruich, or I'almerston. For a brief period he was Louis 
}*hilippe'.s ambassador to England, but he acquired few laurels in that 
capacitv. ]Hs imperious iron will Avas not adapted to that servii.-c. 
It w;is his intlexible adherence to the very letter of tlic law, — to vhat 
]ic icgardctl lo be eoirect abstract })rinciples, — which coined and 
introdncfd into the French language the new term " doctrinaire.'"'' 
H.- :vould control men by lecturing rather than by persuading 
tlicm. He had "lectured King Louis Philippe, he had lectured the 
members of his cabinet, and he had lectured the Chamber of Depu- 
ties," but that mode of address was not to the taste of the English 
statesnicn. It is said that he "attempted to lecture Lord Palmcr- 
Bton, and to browbeat Lord Aberdeen" upon the Eastern question, 
and that he had the natural disposition to " lecture the whole human 
race," and yet, in spite of his Protestantism, and in spite of the sati- 
rists, and in spite of M. Thiers, he held for many years the first 
place in P'rance, such were his intelligence and force of character, 
but he was rather feared than loved, even by his followers. 

The f:dl of Louis Philippe was the fall of Guizot. If the reign 
of that monarch was favorable to men of literary distinction, it is 
equally true that the literary men of that day wrought the ruin of his 
throne. The writers who were then the favorites of the French 
peonli- were such men as Balsac, George Sand, Victor Hugo and 
Eugene Sue. They assailed the established rights of property and 
the s.anctity of domestic life, and thus undermined not only the throne 
and the altnr, but the very foundations of society itself. So rigid 
w:i6 his Protestantism that Guizot has been called " The French Puri- 
tan;" but with ail the cares of state upon his hands, even his hercu- 
lean intellectual and moral strength was insuthcient to withstand the 
demoralizing influence of such doctrines, especially as they were quite 
in harmony -.vith the prevailing taste of that nation. That ta-te had 
been formed far back in the past, and awakened and intensified by 
the writers of that day, the Government, supported alone by tiie 
middle elasa, and having no buttresses in the loyalty of nobles, the 

132 Guizot. [April, 

sympatliy of the masses, or the po^vcr of armies, fell before the storm. 
liOiiis ]'hil;ppe iied tVoui r.iris in cli.<;;ulse, very much as Jeffcrsou 
Davis iled from KichnioiHl, and the reign of constitutional monarchy 
came to its end. 

But the immediate cause of tlie fall of Guizot was his negotiation 
of the "Spani.-h maniiiires," the partlcuhiro of which have almost 
faded from the recolleclitnis of this country. Tliose " marriages " 
came very near involjing France and England in war. Isabella was 
affianced to her cousin, Don Fi-ancisco d'Assise, and her younger 
sister, ]Marie, became the wife of the Duke dc Montpensier, the fifth 
son of King Louis Philippe. This arrangement, which was largely 
owing to the diplomacy of Guizot, aroused the jealousy and the 
earnest protests of the Engiisli cabinet, as it might lead to the aug- 
mentation of French iufiuenoc in Europe, by tiie creation of a French 
dynasty in Spain. England was moved to her foundations. The 
Opposition in France gained new strength. The riots in Paris soon 
assumed the proportions of a revolution ; the streets were barricaded ; 
the army fraternized with tlie riotous populace ; but Guizot was too 
imbending to recognize tlie cLums of the hour, and yield to the fury 
of the tornado. The danger became more and more imminent, the 
king escaped from the Palais lloyal in the night, and the minister 
who had created all this commotion was remitted to private life for 
the remainder of his days . 

The curtain now rises upon a new scene in the dramatic history of 
Guizot. Upon his fiill from power he betook himself to his Norman 
home at Yal Ivicher, where he spent the remaining- twenty-six years 
of his life in literary and historical pursuits. His domestic habits 
were excellent. English and French visitors were charmed with the 
simplicity of his rural abode. His love of study, the great interest 
he took in the education of his grandchildren, the respect which he 
everywhere commanded, his constant attention to the fluctuating 
politic al fortunes of France, his daily reading of the Bible and his 
fervent family devotions at noon, were traits which gave a sort of 
patriarchal dignity to the later years of his life. Occasionally lie 
wrote a political pamphlet to meet some extraordinary emergency in 
the condition of his country, and once every month he appeared in 
Paris, and at the residence of his daughter, Madame de Witt, he re- 
ceived his old friends with the utmost cordiality ; discussed in literary 
circles grammatical and philosophical questions with all the ardor of 
his youth ; domineered in the French Academy and ruled that body, 
as in former times, with his imperial and imperious will ; controlled 
to a large extent the doings of tlie French Gonsistory ; and visited, 
with unsparing condemnation, all latitudinarian departures from the 
straitest creed of the Protestantism of the sixteenth century. 

But the most of his time was spent at his country residence, and 
there, in the midst of his library of 30,000 volumes, and some fine 
paintings of the French, English and Spanish schools, he literally 

1875.] Guizot. 133 

revelled in the lal)ors of an iininensc corret^pondence and of a most 
prolific amlinrsliip. His pen, which hud never heen quiet, now a.-- 
sumed an unwonted activity. His literary career, indeed, hegan 
verv cralv, — .';s carlv .'la 1800. His first book w\is a "Histoiy of 
Svponvuiet!," in two volumes. It was followed in 1811 by his 
"iStii.l'- on the Fine Arts in France," in two volumes, and by a trans- 
lati(jn from the German of a recent v.'ork on Spain, ac^^ain in two 
volumes. In tlic same year he became the conductor of a montlily 
journal called the "Annals of FMucation," wliich was suspended in 
l.Sl.'i. In 1812 he began the publication of bis critical translation 
of (iibbon in thirteen volumes. From that lime scarcely a year 
elapsed that did not witness some fresh writing of his, — book, pnmph- 
jet, article in magazine or encyclopiedia, pul)lic address, political 
letter. His "Memoires pour Servir" appeared in eight volumes in 
iS.l.s-lw. In 18i't) he gave to the world the first part of his " His- 
torv of the English Kevolution from the Accession of C'harles 1. to 
the Jie.-t(iration,"' which was followed by " Pourquoi la Kevohition 
d'Anglcterre a-t-elle reussi" [1850] ; "Monk, chute do la liejmb- 
licjne et vctablissemeut de laMonarchie en xVngleterre, en IbliO" [1^)37 
and l.'^51] ; "Etudes biographiqnes snr la Revolution d'Angleterre" 
i^I>5l]; "Cromwell, sera-t-il roi" [1852]; and "llistoire de la 
re|iublique d'Angletcrre et du protectorat de Cromwell," and 
" Hi.-toirc de IJichard Cromwell et du retablisseraent des Stuarts" 
{|l,SoC)] — the third part of the original work, A translation of Hal- 
lam, revised by M. Guizot, and preceded by a prefice, was published 
in 1828-29. Besides his services rendered to this author and to 
Gibbon, Guizot assisted in 1821 in revising Letourneiir's translation 
of Sbakspeare's complete works, and prefixed to it a biographical and 
literary notice of the dramatist, whom he again made the subject of 
a literary study in 1852 [" Shakspeare et son temps*'] . The United 
States, as the younger Britain, also received some of his attention. 
He edited a French edition of Sparks's "Life of Washington" [1^3'J- 
40], to which he contributed an introductory essay on the life and 
ohriraeter of Washington in the Revolution ; he also revised Lorain's 
"Ori,nn and Foundation of the United States" [1853]. His "His- 
tory of Civilization" is perhaps the greatest historical work ever 
written by a Frenchman, unless M-e except his "History of France." 
His " 1 Embassy to the Court of St. James" is a very readable volume. 
Another of his publications is his "Meditations on the Essence of 
Christianity and on the Religious Questions of the Day," and he 
closes its preface with this noble paragraph : " I have passed thirty- 
five years of my life in struggling, on a bustling arena, for the 
e8tabli^!uncnt of pcditical liberty and the maintenance of order as 
established by law. I have learned in the labors and trials of this 
etruggle th.e real worth of Christian faith and of Christian liberty. 
God permits me in the repose of my retreat, to consecrate to their 
cause what remains to me of life and of strength. It is the most salu- 
VOL. xxis. 12* 

134 Guizot. [April, 

salutury favor and the gi-catcst favor that I can receive from His 

15ut tlie crowning work of this indiisUious and prolific writer is his 
"History of France told to ?»Iy (.liiiudc!iildi-ou," iu five volumes. 
This great work, setting forth the history of tliat nation from the 
earliest times down to 178i*, has heen translated and published iu 
England, and is now iu the course of republication by the young and 
enterprising house of Estes Sc Lauriut of this city. Prefixed to the 
history is an admirable likeness of the author, — the same that by their 
courtesy prefaces this article, — obtained from his daughter at con- 
siderable expense to the })ubli.shcrs. The whole will be executed 
w^ith the best artistic skill, and will be illustrated by some 400 admira- 
ble engravings. Three volumes have already made their appearance, 
and the remainder will follow in the course of a few months. Du 
Cange, Dc Thou, Fleury, Sismondi and many other eminent writers 
have given us sket:,'hes of the more salient points in the history of that 
nation, — a nation distiniruished alike for its internal dissensions and 
for the important role it has played for many centuries in the.afiairs 
of Europe. But vrc arc now to have sometldng which is consecutive 
and complete, — something which will command at once not only tlie 
atter.'tion of the scliolar l)ut of the general reader as well, — and some- 
thing which will fill a wide chasm in the history of Europe itself. 

M. Guizot, as an historian, was eminently philosophical. His 
lectures at the Sorbonne are fine specimens of philosophical insight. 
Goethe, the great German mcta]>hysician, said, " I have found in 
him a depth and thoroughness not surpassed by any historical writer." 
So, too, many profound observations can be seen in his "Embassy 
to the Court of St. James." In that work he says, "I neither think 
nor speak evil of parties ; they form the necessary elements of free 
government." His estimate of Lord ^lacaulay is justified by the best 
recent opinion. " Lord Macaulay," he says, " has not always obeyed 
the law of historical equity, but while advanc'.ag in labor he became 
soon disenthralled from his early Whig prejudices. He is much 
more impartial in his history of William the Third than in that of 
James the Second, and more especially than iu those of Charles the 
First and Charles the Second." 

Again he says of the Rev. Sydney Smith, "His weak point was 
that the turn of his mind and language was not in harmony with his 
position. He did not enter the Church of his own tree choice, but 
by the urgent wishes of his father ; and while he endeavored to fulfil 
the duties of his post, he could not confine within severe proprieties 
his exuberant gayety." Of Lord Jeffrey he says with great truth, 
" He exercised literary criticism with as much independence as judg- 
ment, and scarcely found anything left to admire." Of England he 
says, "Two things equally impress me here, the spirit of conservatism 
and the spirit of reform, but this is the country of ultimate good 
sense, and of slow but continued progress." Of Sir Robert Peel he 

1875.] Guizot. 135 

says, "Peel ia not n great man, but he can do what G^rcat men cannot 
do, — he can nianac,^e tlie House ol:' Lords, and he did it." Again he 
profoundly remarks, "In representative govtirnments, men ditfer less 
than they believe." He thus compare^ public life with domesric en- 
dearments : "The labors of political and the pleasures of worldly lif.j 
are but superficial eajoyments. Far below the surface, within the 
depths of the soul, there are long and close intimacies, allectionate 
regards, words of confidence, total imreserve, the trauquiliitv and 
warmth of the domestic hearth ; these are what truly fill the heart." 
Again he says, after wandering alone in the extensive grounds of 
Kegcnt's Park, "Jn complete solitude and in the presence of natiu-e, 
we forget isolation ; " and once more, "We are instruments in the 
hands of a Superior Power, which applies us, according to or against 
our inclination, to the use for v/hich it has made us." 

As a man of aflairs, with all his philosophy, Guizot was not al- 
together skilful. In some tilings he strongly resembled Senator 
Sumner. Poth had deeply seated moral princijdcs. Poth were 
largely theorists, and both were often unable to reduce their theories 
to practice. There was something a little unpractical in the structure 
of both those minds. So strongly were those distinguished men 
convinced that they were right, that they were sometimes unable to 
see foregone conclusions or to accept inevitable results, if thev were 
in the teeth of their idealism. Put few men were abler than thev, 
with all their imperfections. Guizot was long one of the very fore- 
most men in Prance, and he served his country and Louis Philippe 
with the utmost zeal. Some men are fond of such dav dreams, as 
speculating upon what " would have happened if something else liad 
not happened." Put it is useless to ask " What w-ould have been 
the condition of France to-day if Guizot had never lived ?" Pie has, 
without any question, greatly improved the general condition of 
affairs in that coimtry, and in his numerous writings he has left an 
immense amount of political and moral truth, — an encvclopa^dian re- 
pertory of wisdom, — which, it is hoped, will yet be reduced to prac- 
tice by w^iser if not abler men. 

In his judgment of character Guizot was singidarly sagacious. As 
a specimen, take his opinion of Napoleon IlL, written before his 
downfall. It was prophetic. He wrote to a friend as follows : — 
"As toliistorical personages, you are quite right in considering him 
who a^this moment occupies the scene a singidar one, and in savins 
tha?'*nnless people understand him they can understantl nothin'-'- of 
what is going on. Never did a man exercise more influence over 
his age, and occasion more events with less [)ersonal greatness, 
whether of mind or of character. He alone is responsible i'-jv everv- 
thing. His contemporaries have only to answer for a single thin"-, 
the eagerness or apathy with which they let him act. That will be 
quite enough for thera in history. He begins, moreover, to bo much 
embarrassed by what he has done. He has raised I know not how 

136 Guizot. [April, 

raany questions which he cannot solve. ITe has made war, he Jias 
made peace, and his successci, military and paclH.;, luive only brouirlit 
him to a position full of enjljarrassment and impotence. lie is forced 
to declare this himself publicly, and to renounce the re^julation of the 
future, which he wished to do", aikr havinrr overturned the present^ 
I do not ]:now .vhether this expciience will give him a dista.-^te for 
beginning other subjects, ending in his bcing'one day equally power- 
less to regulate them. I wish it more than 1 expect it. He is 
strangely wanting in foresight, and is equally wedded to his schemes 
and hasty in getting tu-ed of the labor and tedium of carrvin^ them 
out." -^ ° 

Guizot was also a man of great devoutness of spirit. This trait 
is altogether the more unexpected and singular, as he so largely 
mmgled in the stormiest scenes of modern revolutionary France,1ind 
as the public men of that nation are so ireneraljy sceptical. He was 
an avowed believer in the authority of the P.ible, and in the plan of 
Redemption through the atoning blood of Jesus Christ. " I believe," 
eaid he, "in God, and adore him, without seeking to comprehend 
hira. ■ I recognize him present and at work not only in the universe 
and m the inner life of the soul, but also in the liistorv of human 
society, specially in the Old and Xew Testaments,— monuments of 
revelation and divine action by the mediation and sacrifice of Jesus 
Christ for the salvation of the human race." 

Pie believed in a personal God, and that He is a hearer of praver, 
and his practice of daily prayer corresponded with his theory. 'He 
said, ''■ Of all beings on the face of the earth, man alone prays. There 
is not among all his moral instincts a more universal, a more in- 
vmcible one than prayer. The child betakes himself to it with read'' 
docility ; aged men resort to it as a refuge against decay and isola- 
tion. Prayer rises spontaneously from young lips that can scarcely 
lisp the name of God, and from expiring ones that scarcely have 
strength left to pronounce it. Everywhere tl are are living men, 
under certain circumstances, at certain hours, under certain fmpres- 
sions of the soul, whose eyes are raised, whose hands are clasped, 
whose knees are bent to implore, to thank, to adore, or appease! 
"With joy or terror, publicly or in the secret of his own heart, it is to 
prayer tiiat man turns as a last resource to fill the void places of the 
soul, or bear the burdens of his life. It is in prayer he seeks, when 
all else fails, a support for his weakness, comfort 'in his sorrows, and 
hope for his virtue." 

Guizot was too sound a philosopher to deny the efficacy of prayer 
because "the laws of nature are uniform," for tlie two spheres are 
entirely distinct. And yet iie held that though they generally work 
on different planes, sometimes the Infinite and Overriilinn- Mind, be- 
hind both mental activity and "natural law," through the mfiuence of 
prayer, so arranges antecedents, either directly or by a series of fac- 
tors, that they give a new direction to the on-goings of that "law." 

1875.] Guizot. 137 

This arranginc; of antccetlcnts to secure new consequents is no in- 
fringement of "natural law," but is itself a part and parcel of "die 
constitution and course of nature." Thus prayer becomes "etlcctual," 
while " natural law " holds on ita way. 'I'liis was the belief of Guizot, 
and it w.^uld seem it must be the belief of every philosopher who is 
not a charlatan or an atlieist. 

Guizot also held that prayer has a two-fold efficacy, — that it both 
influences the Divine Mind and exerts a benign reflex influence upon 
the suppliant himself. This was apparent to all his friends, who 
observed the serener atmosphere in which he moved in his later 

But the life of this eminent man, — distinguished in such various 
relations, — after surviving four revolutions, — the repeated over- 
throw of constitutions, cabinets and crowns, — has at last terminated. 
The closing act of the drama v.-as beautiful. As the sun declines in 
the west, his rays are less fierce than when in the zenith ; so the spirit 
of Guizut, as life waned, took on a mellower lustre. He had been 
twice married and twice had suffered widowerhood. His flrst wife 
was ]Mademoi3^11c ruuline de Meulan, a literary lady, who was 
fourteen ycaro his senior ; and his second was a niece of the flrst 
jNIadame Guizot, and like her an authoress. His severe domestic 
bereavements had thrown a deep shadow upon his natural buoyancy 
of e()irits. His public life and his numerous writings had hardly 
saved him from pecuniary embarrassment. But his religious con- 
victions were cordial and profound. Christianity was his great 
support; and, barring the sympathy of his affectionate family and 
the respect and gratitude of the world, he had little else to sustain 
him. The wealth and the honors of this world were of small ac- 
count to him who had so long seen their vanity, and whose soul, so 
long exalted by communion with God, was now rapidly preparing 
for translation to a life which is immortal. 

Only a few weeks before his death he visited the Academy at Paris 
to take a final leave of his colleagues. The state of his health, which 
was then quite vigorous, and the earnest part which he took in the 
di'CiK-sion of literary and grammatical questions, excited no suspicions 
arann;]^ them that they should " see his face no more." He had him- 
8cli", however, a strong presentiment that that was his last visit. 
One day he said to his startled associates, "Here is old age ; it has 
come late, but I feel it has come." His last illness was simply the 
rC'^ult of {)hysical exhaustion, and it seemed like a visible ascension 
to a higher sphere. For three weeks he lay, with only short inter- 
vals, in a comatose state, and in one of those intervals he said he felt 
the sensation of aerial travellers as the balloon rises from the earth 
into the heavens. A vivid sense of supernatural scenes came upon 
him. The curtain was lifted, and the philosopher, the statesman, the 
minister, tlie diplomatist, the historian, tlic academician, the Christian 
passed " within the veil." 

138 Letter of the lion. William Cushinrj. [April, 


The Reoistfr is ir.Jehtcl to Mr. S. Wliitncy Plm;nix, of Now- York, for a copy of 
the follo-.vinj^ letter, t'le oric,nnal i)f which is in his j) /sscssion. The writer, it will 
be unfie^stuo^l,^^•as William L'ushin;;. of M;is.-,u.;liiii^(trrt, oiio of the justior-s of the 
suDreuie court of the United Stiiteb, appoiiued by President Washington. (See ante, 
vol. viii. 41.) 

Deak Cousins, Angnstd \_Ga.'], Nov. 17tb, 1703. 

I venture a short letter to you, thouirh pcrsoDully unknown ; and 
should have done more; Mrs. Cushinii and 1 sliould , have done onrselves 
the pleasure of a short visit at your house, had time and circumstances 
permitted. But I am ubligcd to hasten otV to-morrow from hence to "Wake 
in North Carolina, a spaceof three hundred miles, to hold Court there, the 
last of this month ; and havin*^ travelled a journey of thirteen hundred 
miles already, with one pair of horses in a phaeton, somewhat incumbered 
with necessary baggage, it will be as much as we can do to reach "Wake m 
season. So that we can only wisli you happiness and prosperity, and rt gret 
the want of opportunity, at present, of a personal acquaintance. 

I had great hopes of havin<^ an opnortunit.y of ser'iiig your good mother 
and my guod aunt a^^ain in this world;, but in the winter 1700 I was 
informed by Gov^ Johnson, of Edenton, at New-York, that she had died 
the fall before, being about the time of the death cf her brother and our 
uncle John Cotton of Plymouth. Relations in that quarter were pretty 
well when we left Scituate in August last. Aunt Dyer lives at Scituate 
with her daughter Lucy, who married a nephew of mine, and has two chil-' 
dren, a son and daugliter. liossiter Cotton, or Doctor Cotton as we call 
him, whom Mrs. Scarborough has probably seen, was on a visit with us, 
with his wife last summer. He practises physic in I'lymouth, and is regis- 
ter of deeds for the County, one of the othces his father held. I under- 
stand Mrs. Scarborough has no brother living, but two sisters, Mrs. 
Williams and Mrs. Lamb ; whom we have thought of calling to see in our 
progress to the Northward after "Wake Court is over, if the roads that way 
shaU not be found inconvenient and it be not too nmch out of our route. 
Onr course will be through Philadelphia, where I f xpect to be detained at 
Court till the last of February, then homeward bound, through Middletown 
in Connecticut, Mrs. Cushing's native place ; and at length I suppose we 
shall compleat a voyage of eight months. We have been married 19 years, 
and have no litde ones to cry after us yet. 'Tis but a day or two since I 
found that you reside within 20, 30, or 40 miles of this })lace, but do not 
understand now precisely the spot. Though we are dispersed and separated 
and may not have the pfeasure of seeing one anotl\er's faces in this world, 
'tis to be hoped we shall at length meet together in a better Country. 

Mrs. Cushing joins in .sincere regards to you br>th, and is much regretting 
the impracticability of calling to see you. Your affectionate cousin, 

^ Wm. Cushing. 

I should have mentioned the relation of ]Mrs. Cushing to :Mrs. Scarbo- 
rough. Mrs. C.'s mother. Hannah Phillips, was first cousin to ^Nlrs. Scar- 
borough. She married her cousin George Phillips of ]Mi<ldletown. merchant, 
and left two sons and four daughters. She died iu 17G'J — he in 1778, of 
the small pox by inocul alien. 
M' &. M" Scarborough. 

1875.] Munson or Monson, 139 


By Richard Hi:NKY Greene, Esq., of Xew-Yurk, N. Y. 

nr"^IIIS name, it is said, is made up of " ]Mon," the abbreviatiim 
Jl of Edmund, and s(ni, and therefore means the son of Mon or 
Kduumd : this is not an unusual formation ; for instance : liicliard- 
6on, I)ickson, Kdmundson, Monson. 

1. Thomas' Monson or ]\rLmson, for the name is written in both 
ways in this family, was the emigrant and ancestor of most of the 
name in this country. AViien lie landed, or where, is not exactly 
known ; but he is first heard of in Xew-IIaven, June 4, lGo9, when 
lio siLcncd the oriidnal agreement, of all the free planters of ?>e\v- 
TlaviMi, lie removed to Hartford, where he resided in lG-41 ; but 
returned to N. II. the following yenr. C)n the lOth of ]\Iarch, 1G4G, 
the comn\ittee of the First Church seated Thomas Monson and five 
others in "No. 5 cross seats," and " Sister ]Munson" was seated in 
"second of seats on the side for women.*' Oct. 5, 1GG9, the Hon. 
James Bishop, lit. Thomas Munson, and three others were ap}>oint- 
cd conmiissioners to meet five from Branford to establish boundaries 
between the two towns. In September, 1()75, Lieut. Munson com- 
manded the Xew-Haven troops ordered, by the council at Hartford, 
to ^orwottock and up the river to defend the plantations against the 
Indians. Susan Munson, who was probably his wife, came in the 
Elizabeth, to Boston, in 1634, aged '2b ; from which we may con- 
clude that her husband had preceded her, and probably landed at the 
eame port. Mrs. Munson's maiden name is unknown ; but she was 
born about the year 1609. There are no data by which we have 
been able to fix the time of his birth ; but a trans-Atlantic search 
woidd undoubtedly disclose it. He was a representative in tiic 
gcncrnl court 1BG6, 1669, 1670, '1, '2, '3, '4 and '5, and died ten 
yoar-^ Inter, in 16S5. In the division of his estate, three children 
are named; the births of tv/o of whom appear on the records, and 
are aa follows : 

2. i. Samuel, bapt. Aug. 6, 1613. 

3. ii. IIannaii. hapt. June 11, 1648. 

4. iii. Elizabeth. 

2. Samlt.l' ^f'ln.'^on { Thomas^ ) , lived in Xew-Haven : married, 
Oct. 2G, 1«;G."), ^Martha, daughter of William Bradley ; was made 
freeman in X'ew-Haven in 1GG9 ; ensign in "Wcllingford 1G75: is 
called a proprietor in X". H., before his removal, and again in IGSj, 
after his return from AVallingford, which took [dace in 1081 or '2. 
Ensign Samuel 3Iunson died in Xew-Haven 1G9|, and his widow, 

140 Munson or Monso/i. [April, 

Mrs. ]\r:irtlia ^lunson, married Mr. Preston. The children of Ens. 
Samuel* and Martha (liradlcy) ^Munson were : 

i. Martha, b. INFav G, 16^7, in New-Haven, 
ii. Samukl, b. F.;b, 28, 1GG8-'J. " '' 
iii. Thomas, b. Aruroh 12, 1G70-1. " " 
iv. John, b. Jan. 2|, 1G72-0. '' « 
v. Theopuilus, b. Sept. 1, ] 670. " " 
vi. JoSEi'ii, b. ill Vv'allingfbrd. 
vii. Stephen, b. " 

viii. Caleb, b. Nov. 19, 1C82, in New-IIaven. 
ix. Joshua, b. Feb. 7, 1G84, " " 

X. Iskael, b. iNIarch 6, 1G8G, in New-Haven ; the only one 
not living in 1G98. 

3. PLiXXAn' Jfunson ( Thomas^) , married Joseph Tuttle, !Mar. 
2, 1GG7. He was son of William Tuttle, who came to Boston 
in the Planter, in Kioo, aged '2\i, witli liis wife Elizabeth aged 23, 
and three children. They liad two more children before 1()3H, 
when they removed to New-Haven, and seven born afterward, 
of whom JosLpii, meuLiojied above, was baptized Nov. 22, 1640, 
made freeman IGGO, a proprietor in 1085, and died 1600, aged ^y2. 
Hannah. (Munson) Tuttle married second, in 1(J94, Nathan Brad- 
ley, and died the next year 1605. The children were : 

i. Joseph Tuttle, b. March 18, 1GG8. 

ii. Samuel, b. July 15, 1G70. 

iii. Stephen-, b. ^lay 20, 1G73. 

iv. Joanna, b. Dec. 13, lC7o. 

V. Timothy, b. Sept. 30, 1G78 ; died young. 

vi. Susanna, b. Feb. 20, 1G80 ; " " 

vii. Elizabeth, b. July 12, 1GS3. 

viii. PIannah, b. May, lG8o; died young. 

ix. Hannah, b. 

4. Elizabeth* Munson ( TJiomas^') , mar. ied Richard Hisfginbot- 
ham, a tailor. He was a proprietor in New-Haven iu 1685, but 
removed before 1692 to Elizabethtown, N. J., and a few years later 
returned to Connecticut and settled in iStainford. She may have 
been older than Hannah, or even Samuel, which would account for 
her birth not being on the New-Haven records. Richard and 
Elizabeth had one child : 

i. Rebecca. 

Hannah Townsend.— In 16^11 Lieut. Richard Way haJ m. Hannah Knight, for- 
merly Hannah Allen, executrix of llupe Ailrn, and her oh. Elizabeth, Deborah & 
Hope Allen, were ioterestL-d in soiiie real e>catc near bind ot Kdward Allen k U"il- 
Ibim Grij;::s. S!ie ^vas a da.:, ui William v5c llaiuiub (IVnn) 'iV.vvn^tnd and d:. Ist 
(Apr. 3, lOoT) Tbuuia.-i Ib-ill. of Uuston, w!io d. in ItiTO. Her sister, Deborah 
Townsend, m. .Nathaniel Thayer. H. F. Waters. 

1875.] Nantiichet in the Revolution. 141 


By ALEXA.N-DKR Staiuiuck, Esq., of Waltliam. 
[Coucluded from page 53.1 

DT'KIXCt the year 1781, iu spite of tlie protests to the Britislicoia- 
in:m(hM-jj, the ishindcrs were constantly harassed by the dejjreda- 
tions of En^dish cruiscrt", they even entering the liarhor to pursue their 
a^jiresaions, and it remained as a htst resort of the inhabitants to pre- 
pare a memorial and send it by Samuel Starbuck, "William llotcli 
and r>(.iij.uuin ITussey, to Admiral Digby, at New-York, to obtain 
some relief. They represented to him in strong terms, dictated liy 
earnest feeling, tlie cmban-assing situation of the people of the town, 
and {'vim\ him obtained an order forbidding any further molestation 
of their persons or property within the bar of the harbor. Subse- 
quently he granted them several permits for vessels to whale. This 
of course created some commotion upon the continent, where, thotigh 
not po.-itively kno\\u, it was more than suspected that it was done 
by permission of the English commander, but those in authority vv'ere 
fully aware of the desperate strait to which the people were reduced, 
an<l that the alternative was leniency or starvation, and rather 
Aivored than condemned the proceeding.^ The means of support in 
almost all the soiitl:eastem towns were precarious, and we find peti- 
tions from nearly every town on the Cape, those on the Vineyard 
and along the shores of Buzzard's Bay, praying for aid in procuring 
provisions, and pleading poverty in extenuation for the failure to pay 
taxes. If this was the case on the continent, how much more must 
it have been the case with those on the islands ! In this same year 
wc find a return of a cartel from Commodore AfHeek with eleven 
Nantucket men on board Vvho were taken prisoners by the English, 
and can-ied into New-York. 

In 17(S2 the town was again convened and the following petition, - 
which is its own explanation, was sent to the general court. 

** To tlio General Court of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts conven'J 
at P>():^ton. 

** The Moraoriul of the iDhabitants of the Island of Xantucket in Town 
Meeting AHscmJiled iu Slierbourn the 2oth of Sepf. 1782, Sheweth : 

'^Tluit your !iIeniorialist3 are again under tlie disagreeable necessity of 
craviu^f your serious consideration of tlie real state of this Island, wliereby 
YOU may more fully enter into the viev/s of those who are frequently cir- 
culatl'j'^ unfavourable rt^ports against us, which for want of due attention to 
the many peculiar inconveniences we labour under, prevents the proper 
allowances that our exposed situation demands, which in the end may not 
only be ruinous to us, but greatly detrimental to the Commonwealth at large.. 

' Macr. p. 1 16. ' Petitions, vol. 18S, p. 121. 

VOL. XXIZ. 13 

142 yaniuclcet in the Hevolation. [April, 

" Circumstanc'd as we are in tlie course of Provi'lonce, intirely out of tlie 
line of protection by either of tbt^ powars now at War, wo appreliend justice 
& good policy will ever dictate, to nourisli & cherish rather than suli'er to 
be destroy 'd a people (whoso peculiar Local situation ex[)0se9 them to many 
insults, which the peacable principles of some, and sound policy of others, 
commaiids them to conceal, althouLjh their sei:.sibility of injuries may bo as 
keen as otl'.er mens), who perhaps have been, & jios.sibly may yet be as 
useful to the community at lari;e, as any part of its body of equal mai,'ni- 
tudo. Our Trials have been many and severe : frequently sun ounded by 
hostile invasions, & threatened destruction, Would it be strange if in the 
hour of distress, the powerful influence of the great law of self-preservatioa 
should lead us into acts, which on the return of tranquility and cool reflec- 
tion, we could not fully justify ? Yet through the favour of superintending 
Pro\T[deiice, our greatest Enemies can hardly charge us with any material 
deviations in this respect. 

"People secured by internal retreats, or surrounded by numerous Iidiabi- 
tants, ready at the first alarui to lend protecting aid, may have but faint 
Ideas of the sutTerings of those that are constantly exposed to every hostile 
Invader; and in tlie hour of distress are left under Providence to the exer-. 
tion only of their own skill and {)rudence to extricate themselves ; and every 
step in these trying moments narrowly watch'd that if any slip should be 
made, or little foible committed, it may be magnified into the greatest crime. 
We therefore hope your collective "Wisdom and justice will unite in an im- 
partial review of the true situation & circumstances of this Island, together 
with the gerieral conduct of its Inhabitants ; considering at the same time, 
the long and arduous task, we have had to pass through, &, then we have 
no doubt it will meet the approbation, of the cool dispationate and judicious, 
and lead the Court into the reasonable necessity as well as justice to relax 
in some measure the reins of Government respecting this place. We have 
long struggled without Expence to the publick, vt we have no doubt v.ith 
that incouragement wliicb we have reason to expect we may still conLinae 
& have an existance, without any burthen to the Comraimity. 

"We find there are some reports, circulateil on the Continent, & in parti- 
cular in the Town of Boston, charging the Iidiabitants of this Tov/u wita 
carrying on a great trade to ifc from New-York. -:Vnd least such reports 
should reach the Legislative body of this Commonv/ealth, «i; that we mighc 
thereby be injured, vre think it our dut}' to say : That notwithstanding we 
can as a Town disclaim every Idea of the charge, as no Body, or Society of 
men can or ought to be accountable for the conduct of a few Individuals, 
especially where particular Laws are in force to prevent it. Nevertheless 
we wish not to avail ourselves- even of thai, right in this particular instance: 
for although the charge of a great Trade even as to individuals is false ; 
Y''et we shall not presume to say that no Trade hath been carried on in that 
channel, but we can say we believe very little hath been done by the In- 
habitants of this Island, & very few have been concerned therein : We 
have good reason to believe that the principal part of that Trade' Lath been 

' It -was a notoriijus fact that mtiriy torics mndc Nantucket a place of refuge when hard 
pressed. Nathaniel Freeman, Esq., the vi^'ilant iruardian of the riirhts of the colony 
thron;.,'hoat the counties of Barnst:il)lo, Dukes and Nantutket, in his letters to the council 
inst;inces several who have gone th-jrc finni the Cape, and ur_^es their arrest. In no one of 
his communications does he, even hj inf>'raice. deinjunce the i-landers, and surely no one 
away from the isLmd was in better jjositinn or hcttcr qnaliiiid to jiidirc of the truth of these 
slanders than he. He speaks of somi- ^'r*- ids !.>elr.i!u'in^' to t-iri' s -tored there, and, hy his 
reeonimendaiion I think, Banu-hiah IJ-is-ett was sent to seize theui, but no bint is •^SG.i. that 
the inhabitants of Nantucket are therein responsible. 

1875.] 2^oj7tuchet in the lievobction. 143 

carried onJ)y persons belongincr tn the Continent, ^rho liave made this the 
pass \\;i;- u.n- thrlv Gooils;, in which the Iiili:iljit:uit,s have not been conrcni'd 
but are injiin-(I thereby, yet tliis quantity we apprehend is but a small portion 
that the reports of our Enemies have su^j'/c-toil. Vi'e now be"- leave to 
tlu-ow a few liints before you respecting tiie Whalefishery, as a matter of 
greitt imiort.'iire to this Commonweahh. Tliis i»lace befoVe the AVar, was 
llie Fii-s!; in that branch of business, & employed more tlian One Hundred 
Sail of good Vessels therein, which furnish'd a support not only for Five 
Thousand Jnluibitants here, but for Thousands elsewhere, no place so well 
adapted for the good of the Community at large as Nantucket, it being desti- 
tute of every material necessary in the Business, and the Inhabitants might 
be called Factors for the Continent rather than Principals; as the var eu- 
creased the Fishery ceased, until necessity obliged us to make trial the last 
Ye;ir. witli about seventeen sail of Vessels, Two of which were captured &, 
carried to New-York, & one was burnt ; the others made saving voyages. 
Ihe present Year we employed about Twenty Four sail in the same busi- 
ness, which have mostly compleated their Voyages, but with little success ; 
& a great loss will ensue : this we apprehend is greatly owing to the circum- 
Ecril.ed situation of the Fishery: we are now fully sensible "that it can no 
longer be pursued by us, unless wc have free liberty both from Great Britain 
& America to tls!. without interruption : As we now find One of our A'es- 
pels is captured & carried to New-York, but without any Oil on board. ;trid 
Two others have latrdy been taken & carried into Boston & Salem, under 
pretence of having double papers on board,' (Nevertheless we presume the 
captors will not say that any of our Whalemen have gone into New-York 
during the season as such a charge would have no foundation in Truth). 
And if due attention is not paid to this valuable branch, which if it was 
viewed in all its parts, perhaps would appear the most advantageous, of any 
possess'd by this Government, it will be intirely lost, if the War continues: 
We view it with regret & mention it with concern. & from the gloomy 
prospect now before us, we apprehend many of the Inhabitants must quiti 
the Island, not being able even to provide necessaries for the approaching 
Winter: some will retreat to the Continent & set down in the Western 
Governments ; and the most active in the Fishery will most probably go to 
distant Countries, where they can have every encouragement, by Nations 
whc are eagerly wishing to embrace so favourable an" opportunity to ac- 
complish their desires ; which will be a great loss to the Continent in general, 
but much more to this Government in particular. We beg leave to impress 
the consideration of this important subject, not as the judgment of an insig- 

e „^f5°'"'l^"-^'"= *^'-' petition or memorial, whicli the writer iudires was mainly the work 
of W illium Kotch, is the following document : 

" Pcrhap-- some of tho^e Reports may have ori^xinated from this— a Committoc of our 
isinna 1.1 ttie torepart of rhe year 17— applied to' some of the Members of tlio General 
Court iitiil -proad l..' them the peculiar eircnm<tanocs wlierein t!ie L-i:ind wa^ involved, 
one wlioiv.jt wa^ that our Vessels whenever thev pi^scl in or out w.rj pirficriv tKiiicr the 
contn.i ot tlie Bnrons, and it was therefore necess.irv that pr-nnits should I.e ohtiiined froia 
tnem our > e^els to proceed on the Whale fisherv— since wliich some of thorn have 
Dcen taken by the Amencan Privateers for tiavincr siuh Permits— and we are th.TPln- re- 
duced to this (iitPcuIty that if we carry our Ves^efs over the bar withoi.t pern.its from tiie 
lintisli .\(hinral they are made prize to the Britons— if thev have such permits thev are 
talcen hy utir own Countrymen- and our harbour is therefoi-c compleatlv sliut np— and all 
Gurpro.-pccts t'>rmin;ite in pnvertv and distress— what eivcs us creat coucltu ia that oi;r 
people wlio under.-tand the Wiiale fi-hery will he dvivLn to forci-a neutral Cnunrrics and 
manv years must pa.-s away I'tfore we siiall a:;ain he enabled to jairstie a t.ramh of bu-inoss 
whKh hath f.een in times past our support aud hath yielded euch large aids to tha Com- 
merce ot this Country." 

1-14 I^antuclcet in the Ilevolution. [April, 

nificaut few, but of a Town which a few Years since stoofl the Third iu 
Kank (if we mistiike not) in Ijoaring the 15urth(jiis of Oovernmont:' II was 
then prosperous and abundant with plenty, it is yet jjopulous but is covciod 
■with poverty. 

" Your IMenioriali>ts liave made choifo of Samuel Starbui^k, Josiuh Barker, 
"^^^illiam Kotth, Stcph.-n llussoy ami Tiiuotliy Folder, as their Committee 
■who c-.m speak more lully to the several matters contain'd in this Memorial. 
or any other thin^' that may concern this County, to whom we desire to 
jefer you. 

Signed in belialf of tlic Town by 

Frudkuicic Folger, Town Clerk." 

The representations of the coinmittcc produced a good effect, and 
the comniittce appointed by the legislature to conijider the memorial 
(George Cabot, Esq., of the senate, and Gen. Ward and Col. 
McCobb of the house), made the followhig recommendation.' 

"The Committee of both ITouses, appointed to consiiler the Memorial of 
.the Inhabitants of the Island of Nantucket and report what may be proper 
to be done thereon, have attende<l that service and be;j; leave to report : 
That aliho' tlie Facts set forth in said Memorial are true and the Memorial- 
ioLs descive Relief iu tiie i-'remiscs, yet ;is no aderjuate Kelief can be given 
them but by the United States in CouLrress asseml>led, therefore it is the 
opinio.'! oT the Committoe that the sai<l Memorial be referred to the con- 
sideration of, and the Delec:;ates of this Commonwealth be required 
to use their Endeavours to impress Congress with just Ideas of the high 
■worth ifc Importance of the Whale fishery to the United States in general & 
this State in particular. 

pr Order George Cabot." 

"William Eotch and Samuel Starbuck were also sent to Phila- 
delphia to help secure the fiworable action of congress, and arrived 
there in mid-'winter. One of the ^Massachusetts members to whom 
thej applied was greatly prejudiced against them,^ and Mr. Rotch 
conversed for two hours witli him apparently without effect. At last 
he a-ked him, "Is the Whale Fishery w'orth preserving to this 
Country?" "Yes." "Can it be preserved in the present state of 
things by any place except Xantucket?*' "Xo." "Can we preserve 
it unless you and the British will both give us Permits?" "X'o." 
" Then, pray, where is the difhculty ? " And thus the interview was 

^ Dnritiffthe year 17S0, in addition to taxes tlic following roqui.sition was made by the 
:state on Nantucket: 111 prs. rarh of .'^lioc.'*, stncldn,-- iimi •■liirt^i ond oo bLankets"; also 
77,3-52 Ihs. of beef. And in 17S1 for SS pr-. tadi nf -l:o(-;, htockin^s and shirts and 44 
bhxnkccs; uiso '20,973 I'os. of Lecf. And this Wiw dnnvn from an already impoverished 

- This recommendarion •^as adopted arid tho dolcirritc; woro ?o instmotcJ. At this point 
it may be proper to sav that apparently few of our stLit''<mnn of tliat period save those from 
Is'ew-Encrland seemed to nr^preciate riie iiiiport;uKt' of tlii-; bu-ine-s to the country, and 
cenainly none of oar diplomati-fs concerned in tlie trenty of poace, save .John Adams, ap- 
peared equal to the siruation in this rei:ard.» Tlnd they tiecn this would have been, as Mr. 
Adams strenuously urced, an nUimatum ;'.n<l much ill feelinu' and expense saved, and the 
United States have'extended from the Gulf of 3Iexico to the Arctic Ocean. 

' Memoranda of William Rotch. 

* See " 'SVorks of John Adams," particnlarlv vol. vMi, In a letter to Mr. Ad.ims, Jan. 12, 
178f), J;imes Bowdoin esliinatoi the avcn>.jo annual valuo oi oil msported by Nantucket at 

1875.] I^antuchet in tlif:, Itcvolutlon. 145 

terminated. ISfcssiv. Hotch and Starbuck then drew up a memorial , 
and this same nicnibcr presented it to congress, the cllect bcln^": ro 
obtain a grant of thirty-five permits. The next day a vessel brought 
tlie riuuor of the Provi.sional Treaty of Peace luiving been sigiicd. 

Jiiit the trouljles of Xantueket brought on by the war did not end 
^vith it. Englaiid, the only market of consc([uence for sperm ui), 
was now practicidly closed by the alien duty of £18 per ton i»h'iecd 
upon it by the Knglish government. The whaling tleet was rechircd 
to tlie merest tritle of its former greatness, in fact nearly annihilated. 
One hundred and thirty-four vessels had been captured and tiireeii 
wrecked of the little over one hundred and fifty which belonged to 
the island in 1775. ]More than 10,000 tons of ship{)ing had fallen 
into the hands of the English cruisers : vessels manned by the bone 
and sinew of the island, young men, from the richest as well as the 
poorest families, who felt in all their keenness the rigors aiid horrors 
of IJritish prisons and British prison-ships. Some of our islanders 
entered the service of the state, but it would be quite impos.-«ible to 
tell how many.* In about 800 fannlies on the island there VvX-re 202 
widows and o42 orphan children. The direct monev loss exceeded 
$1,UOO,000 in days when a man's pay was sixty-seven cents per dav ; 
^Ir. liOtch alone lost over $60,000 ! Many of the heaviest wh.aling 
merchants felt compelled to remove to England and France, and 
pursue their calling where it was remunerative. Paying their taxes 
and requisitions uncomplainingly so long as their ability so to do 
existed, the end of the war found them completely impoverished, 
their occupation gone and their recuperative force almost paralyzed. 
Thus was Xantucket. Before the war wealthy and prosperous, after 
it impoverished and despairing ; before the war pointed out for tlieir 
thrift and daring and skill, after it scarcely any " so poor to do them 
reverence;" before the war with an active, hardy population, after 
it with a terribly large proportion of husbandless women and father- 
less children. All this had they borne, and borne in silence, accept- 
ing the bitter cup as their offering on the altar of freedom, hiid the 
tongue of slander held its peace. AVhen assailed and outraged b-y 
their enemaes they hurled back with indignation and contempt the 
falsehoods of their defamers, but when to these were added the doubt- 
ings of their friends they could only cry out in the agony of their 
hearts, "And thou, too, O Brutus I" 

' The XantncuCt Inqnirer cf Julr 22, IS-'iO, says tint when John Paul Jones c^p^arc(l 
the S'jrapis, midsLipmnn P>,eubcn Clu\se with other i> antui ki-t nvni was in the fierce en- 
counter witii him. Chase wa^ at'tcrward appointed to take one of the sul'seqiient nri/.i s into 
Orient, France. This rridshinman Cha'^o was over six fcer in height, athlcii.-', poy.cri'iil and 
courageous, and formed the s'uhjcet of Cooper's " Long Tom Cofhn " in " Tlie Tiiot." Tdo 
privateer Saucy Hound (>;iTit. Inq. July 13, !8JS), manned mostly, if not entirely, by 
Nantucket seamen, sailed from the I^ar in the sprin:; of 17S1 in the service of the colonies. 
Instances micrht be multiplied showin:^ that a hirgc number of the islanders served their 
country mo^t sallantly in the hour of l»er need. 

Since writinir this artieic, I have learned that aXantnebet man was at one time in com- 
mand of the privjteer Gen. Armslronir. On the armed hriir:!uiine Lucy, Willi.xm Rams- 
dell of Nuntu.'ket was mate, and ei'Jrht of the crew were Nautucket men. Boyoad a doubt 
thii list c;m be very greatly increased. 

TOL. 2XII. 13* 

146 3Iarriages in West Springfield, 177-1-9C. [April, 


Conrribiued by Lymax II. Bago, of West Springfield. 
(Concluded from p. 59.) 

TriE Intentions of ^larriacje between William Ingraham of West Spring- 
field and Kleanor Farnam of Nortlianiptou wlto entered October 14'^ 177'J. 

Thomas Bolter Jan'" late of Boston & AVid" Parthenia Smith late of 
New Haven were joined toijcthcr in I\Iarriai,a' Oct': 21 1779. 

Thomas Eurbank of Spritiglield & Elizabeth IliL^'^ins of West Spring- 
field were joined together in ^larriage Oct' 18'" 1770. 

The Intentions of ^Marriage between Timothy IJurl)ank of "West Spring- 
field & Hannah Ripley of Windham were entered Nov' 18'^ &; published 
Nov^ 20"^ 1779. 

The Intentions of Marriage between Aaron Jones of Dummerstown & Sybil 
Taylor of West Springfield were entered Dec' 17: 1779 & published the 
same Day. 

The Iilteniions of Marriage between Earl Bancroft & Roxavana Stiles 
both of West Spriuglield were entered & published Jan'-' 15"^ 1780. 

The Intentions of 3Iarriage between Oliver Leonard &; Wid^ Lois Gran- 
ger both of West Springfield were entered & pulilished Jau'^ 22, 1780, 
And joined together in ^Marriage February 4"', 1780. 

The Intentions of Marriage between Dr. Samuel Cooper of West Spring- 
field & ]Mr3. Martha Grainger of Sullield were entered & published Feb'^ 
19"-': 1780. 

The Intentions of Marriage between David Rogers & Sarah Champion 
both of West Springfield were entered Feb'^ 2G'" 1780 & published the 
eame Day. 

The Intentions of Marriage between Ashl)el Fox of Hartford & Jemi- 
mah Osborn of West Springtield were entered Feb'^ 25'^ 1780 & published 
the same Day. 

The InteatJons of Marriage between John P 'imbs of Middletown &, 
Mary Richards of We^t Si)ringtield were entered Feb'^' 2G''' 1780 & pub- 
lished the same Day. 

Oliver Leonard & Lois Grainger were joined together in Marriage 
Febry U'^ 1780. 

Isaac Xesvton of Greenfield &: Esther Hopkins of West Springfield were 
joined together in Marriage T^Iarch 2, 1779. 

Jacob Chapin & Rnth I'edortha of West Sj-ringtield were joined to- 
gether in Marriage July 29, 1779. 

David Rollers & Sarah Champion were joined together in Marriage 
March 29''^ 1780. 

Ashbel Fox of Hartford i^ Jemimah Osborn of West Springfield were 
joined togeilier in Ma.rriage March 31, 17si.>. 

Henry Soelter & Sal)ra Leonard both of West Springfield were joined 
together in Marriage May I'b''' 1780. 

The Intentions of Jfarriage between David Grainger of Sandisfield & 
Abi Leonard of West Springlidd were entered June 10, 1780. 

The Intentions of Marrin^e between Ja<lah Bugu & Anna Roberts both 
.of West Springfield were entered di: published July 29, 1780, [M. Aug. 31.1 

1875.] Marriages in West Springfield, 1774-96. 147 

The Intentions of Marriage between Isaac Ricliardson & Rebceca 

both of West Spriri^fu'lii were entered & publiihed October 7, 178". 

The Intentions of Marriage between AVilliam IMcEntire 6c Sarah Leonard 
botii of West Spriri^ileld were entt-red & published April 15, 17S0. 

Tlie Intention:; of Murriar^e between Justin Grainger & Hannah Shale 
[both of ^\'est Springtield ?J were entcrd and published A[)ril 

The Intentions of Marriage between Henry Soelter& [Sabra?] Leonard 
both of West Sprini^^lield were entered & published 29 April, M^\). 

The Intentions of Marriage between John liancroft of West Spriii::fu;Id 
& Lncy in of Entield were entered & pulilished !May 0, 17S0. 

The Intentions of Marriage between John Ely of West Springfield 6c 
Abigal Cha[)in of Springfield were entered & published INIay i;j, 176'). 

Valentine Worthy of Taunton in Great ]^>ritaiu & Tliankful Tayier of 
West S[)rinf;^leld their Intentions of Marriage were entered & puljlioiud 
Oeto' 11, 1780. [31. Nov. 2.] 

John Terry & Mary Hendrick both of West Springfield their Inten- 
tions of Marriage were entered ifc pidjllshed October 14. 1780. 

The Intentions of Marriage between Mosesj Field Junior of Springfield 
& Lydia Cliampion of We^^t Sprini^field were entered and published Octo- 
ber 28, 1780. 

Judah Ixigg <i. Anna Roberts both of West Springfield were joined 
together in 3Iarriage August 31, 1780. 

Valentine Wortliy of Taunton & Thankful Taylor of AVest Springfield 
were joined together in JMarriage Nov' 2, 1780. 

The Intentions of ^Marriage between Samuel Smith & Eunice Tayier 
were entered & published Nov' 4, 1780. 

The intentions of Marriage between Moses Spear Junior of Suffield 6c 
Penelope Phillips of West "Spriugfield were entred tL- published Novem- 
ber 1780. 

The Intentions of Marriage between Deacon Joseph Mirrick of West 
Springfield & Mrs. Mary Root of W^estfield were entred & published 
25"^ Nov' 1780. 

The Intentions of Marriage between Simeon Morgan & Elizabeth 
Farnam both of West Springfield were entred & published Dee. 2J, 

The Intentions of Marriage between John Beach of West Springfield iL- 
Mrs. Susanna Hancock of Springfield were entred & published i!"^ Fe'uru- 
ary, 1781. 

The Intentions of Marriage between .Tared Smith & Lynda Ashley both 
of West Springfield were entred & published 25 February 1781."' [M. 
April 5.] 

The Intentions of Marriage between John Worthington & ]Mary Stan- 
nard both of West Springfield were entred & published 1" April 178L 
Certificate not paid for. 

The Intentions of ilarriage between INIr. Daniel jNIorgan Junior 6c :Mr>. 
Abigal Jones, both of West Springfield were entred 6c published G May 

The intentions of Marriage between Mr. James Upham ^L- ^l^.Irs. Eliza- 
beth Sa.-geaut both of West Spriu<rfield were entred 6c published 13 ^Mav 

The Intentions of Marriage between Mr. Tho' Parker of Southwick &; 
Miss Rebeekah Leonard of West Springfield were entred it published 
3 June 1781. 

148 Marriages in West Sprinrjfield, 1774-9G. [April, 

The Intentions of ^rarrincre between I\Ir. Jamr-s Waicl & I^riss PoPy Up- 
hani both of AVesl Sprlni: field were entered ami piiblished June 1<)''" 1781. 

The Intention of M:irriai:e between Mr. IMene Loomiss & IMiss Louisa 
Stephenson both of West Snringtlnld were ontore'l & pnblisli'* June 10'*' 1781. 

The Litention of ]\Iarri:ic:e between Samuel Smith cf "West Sprin'^field 
& Nabby Warrier of Vv'e';tfield were entered &: piilili.shed 17th June 1 781. 

The intentions of 3Iarna'A0 between Mr. Jolm Farnani Junior & Miss 
Sarissa Chapin both of "SVest Springfield were entered & published June 21, 

The Intentions of IVrirriaixe between IVIr. .Tohu Eglestone & INIiss Sarah 
Stannardboth of West Springtield were entered c^ published Au^oist d'"" 17.S1. 

The Inte!!tions of Marriai^^e between Doctor Timothy Horton & Miss 
Triphena White l)Othof West Springfield were (Mitered & published 21 Sep- 
tember, 1781. [M. Nov. 22.] 

The Intentions of Marriaire between Mr. Elijah Cooper tt I'vliss Abicet 
Leonard both of "West Springfield were ente-red <.<; pul)lished October r>, 1781. 

The Intentions of Marriage between IsU. Arabet Leonard & Miss Eliza- 
beth Leonard, both of West Springfield were entred & published Octo- 
ber 13, 1781. 

The Intentions of Marriage between Mr. Nathaniel Eaton & IMiss IMary 
TTent both of West Spriugdlld wore entred & published 13 October 

The Intentions of Marriage between ]Mr. Naihaidel ISIorgan & Miss 
Ruth Taylor both of West Springfield were entered vt published 27"^ Oc- 
tober, 1781. 

The Intentions of Marriage between Mr. Samuel Felt & iMiss Abigail 
Miller both of West S{)rin^ield were entred »!c publiJied 24 November 178^1. 

The Intentions of Marriage between Mr. Ste[.hen Vv'orihiugton of "West 
Sprincrfield and ^Ilss Sarah Rogers of South lirimfield were entred & 
published 24 Nov' 1781. 

Moses Field cf Springfield & Lydia Champion of West Springfield were 
joined torrather in Marriage Nov. 23, 1780. 

Joan Teny & Mary Hendrick both of West Springfield were joined 
togather in Marria^re Nov' 28, 1780. 

Samuel Smith & Eunice Tayler both of West Springfield were joined 
togather in ^Marriage November 28, 1780. 

Ja ed Smith & Lydia Ashley both of West Springfield were joined to- 
gather in Marriage April 5, 1781. 

Doc' Timothy ^ilorton & Miss Triphena White both of West Springfield 
were joined tocrather in Marriaixe Novl 22, 1781. 

Nathani,-! Morgan aad Ruth Tayler both of West Springfield were 
joined in Marriage November 2'J"' 1781. 

The Intentions of ]\Larrtage between Mr. Simeon Smith Jun' and Miss 
Mary Colton both of West Springfield were entered and published 29 De- 
cember 1781. [M. Jan. 14.] 

The Intentions of JMarriage between "Sir. Reuben Champion & Mrs, 
Silena Ely bofn of West Springfield were entred and published 23''' Feb- 
ruary 1782. [M. March 28.] 

The Intentions of ^farriage between i\Ir. John T^Iilier Jun^ of West Spring- 
field and ]Mis3 Elizabeth Douglass of New London were entered and pub- 
lished April 21, 1782. 

The Intentions of ?.Iarriage between jNIr. George Blake of West Spring- 
field and Miss Iluldah Leonard of West Springfield were entered May 31 
d; published June 2, 1782. [M. Aug. 1.] 

1875.] Marriages in West jSpringficId, 1774-96. 149 

The Intentions of !MarrIngc between Mr. Amaziab Sanderson of Spring- 
fiokl and Mi>3 Franix-s Combs of West Springfield were entered & jiub- 
lisbe<l June 9% 1782. [M. Juno 2G.] 

The Intentions of ninrri^v.r^ b.:'tn''^i>n Oibb D;iy of Wost Sprinijfield and 
Rebekah Waid of Sourhwick were entered and published Juno IG"" 1782. 

Simeon Smith & M-.vy ColtOQ both of West Springfield were joined in 
Marriage January 14''' i7o2. 

Reuben Chara|)ion (S: Silence Ely both of West Springfield were joined 
in jMarriage Ddarch 28, 1782. 

Aniaziah Sanderson of Springfield & Frances Combs of West Spring- 
field were joiufd in ^larriage .June 2G''' 1782. 

George lUdce & Iluldah Leonard both of West Springfield were joined 
in ^Marriage August 1st 1782. 

The IiitentitMis of INIarriage between Jedidiah Day & Ilepzibah Chapin 
Miller, botli of West Spriugiield were entered Aug* G"" 1782 and published 
the n"' following. 

The Intentions of Marriage between Joel Day jun' and Lucretia Day 
both of West Springfield were entered August I'J, 1782, and published the 
24'" of the same Mouth. 

The Intentions of Marriage between John Morley of Westfield and 
Elizahc-th Komington of West Springfield were entered & published Au- 
gust 24"^ 1782. 

The Intentions of iNIarriage between Joseph Felt of West Springfield 
&: Sarah Ilill of Enfield were entered Septem. 24 &: published the 28''' 1782. 

Tlie Intentions of ^Marriage between Phiuehas Leonard and Sybil Leo- 
naril both of Wt. Springfield were entered Septem 26'"^ & published the 

The Intentions of Marriage between John Legg of Northampton & 
Hannah Morgan of West Springfield, were entered isovem"' 29'*^ 1782 and 
published Decern' 1st following. 

The Intentions of Marriage between Stephen Miller of Wt. Springfield 
and Molley Kellogg of Westfield were entered Novem' 30"^ & published 
Decern' 1" 1782. 

The Intentions of Marriage of Darius Wright and Lovice Taylor both 
of West Springfield was entered Dec. 5''' & published the 8'^ 1782. 

The Intentions of Marriage between Noah Warner and Mary Power 
both of West Springfield were entered and published Decern' S"', 1782. 

The Intentions of IMarriage between Samuel Mclntier and Mary King 
both of We^^t Springfield were entered Dec' 14"^ and published the l.'>'^ 17H2. 

Th' Intentions of Marriage between Dirick Van Home & Eachel Bart- 
let both of West Springfield were entered Decern' 28'^ & published the 
20'^ 1782. 

The Intentions of Marriage between Asahel Kent & Sarah Leonard 
both of Wt Sjiringfield were entered January IG'^^ct publishe<l the lO'-*^ 1783. 

The Intentions of ^larriage between Justus Loomis of West Springfield 
& ^lary Borne of Middletown were entered Jan^ 18"* & published the'lO"* 

The Intentions of Jlarriage between Ezekiel Leonard and Rlioda Sex- 
ton both of Wt. Sprinrrfield were entered and published Feb^ IG"' 1783. 

The Intentions of Marriage between Ely Mclntire of Wt. Springfield & 
Diana Robinson of Granville were entered & published 3Iarch IG 1783. 

The Intentions of Marriage between Isaac Cooley & Abigail Gotte both 
of Wt. Springfield were entered and published March 16, 1783. 

150 Marriages in West Sprhigfield, 1774-06. [April, 

The Intentions of Marriaoje between lienjaniin "Ball & Sarah Kent both 
of AVt. Sprinsrrield were entered and pulili.ljcd iMan-Ii IG 17^;5. 

The Intentions of iAfnrriai^e between Klisha rarnani and Thankfiill Day 
both of West Sprin,i,rfi,;ld were entered & published IMarch 2;J'', 17.s;3. 

The Intentions of rvLirriaiit- bulweun Uriah Looniis of West Spriu^fioM 
& Surah Shelden of West Suilield were entered & puljliahed May 4"' h.-ilL 

Rev. Mr. Griswold's Iieturn of Marriages. 

Tho' James Douglas & Temperance I'almer both of West Springfield 
were joined together in ^Marriage May 8"' 1774. ° 

Benjamin Wait <fc Sarah Elmer both of West Springfield were joined 
together in Marriage September 22'' 1774. 

^ Noah Lancktou & :\rehitabel Shepherd both of West Springfield were 
joined togathcr in Marriage January 6''' 177o. 

Jehiel Hamlin of Kinderhook & Jerusha Seldeu of West Springfield 
were jomed in Marriage January 12"' 177o. 

Joseph White ci- Sarah Leonard both of West Springfield were joined 
together in Marriage April 3'' 1775. 

Mr. Eliphalet Leonard of West Springfield and Sirs. Mary Pierpont of 
Brookh-n were joined together in Marriage June 1" 1775. 
^ ThuLuiis Shattuck ife Asenath Winchef both of West SpriD<Tfield were 
joined t^'gether in Marriage September 21, 1775. '^ 

Klias Leonard & Su,:xnna Selden both of West Springfield were joined 
together in Marriage November 2'^ 1775. 

^ ^Elijah Edgardon of Westfield & Mary Elmer of West Sprincrfield were 
joined together in Marriage March ll"'"l776. * 

John Killum & Hannah Loomis both of West Springfield were ioined 
together in Marriage April 11'" 1776. 

^ _Moses Adams Junior & Roxana Kent both of West Sprinofield were 
joined together in Marriage December 18"^ 1777. * 

Jacob Day and Abigail Leonard both of West Springfield were ioined 
together in Marriage August 20"^ 1778. 

Solomon Cooley of Ludlow & Lucy Stephenson of West Sprinrrfield 
were jomed together in Marriage October 1" 1778. ° 

Moses Adams & Zilpah Elmer both of West Springfield were joined 
together in Marriage February 11'^ 1779. 

Walter Bagg & Nancy Granger both of West Springfield were joined to- 
gether in JNIarriage June 17'" 1779. 

Earl Bancroft i^- Roxana Stiles both of West Springfield were ioined 
together in jMarriage February 24'" 1780. 

William Mclntier & Sarah Leonard both of Wt Springfield were joined 
together in Marriage SLiy 3'* 1780. 

Justin Granger & Hannah Shaler both of West Springfield were joined 
together in. marriage May 25"' 1780. 

_ John Bancroft of West Springfield & Lucy Fairman of Enfield were 
joined together in Marriage j\Iay"25"' 1780. 

Moses Spear Jim' of Suffiehr& Penelope Philips of West Sprin<rfield 
were joined together in Marriage December 6"* 1780. * 

^ Simeon Morgan & Elizabeth Farnara both of West Springfield were 
joined together in Marriage January 18"' 1781. ° 

^ Albert Leonard & Elizabeth Leonard both of West Sprin-^field were 
jomed m Maniage November 7'" 1781. ° 

1875.] Marriages in West Sprinrjfield^ 1774-9G. 151 

Elijah Cooper & Abiali Leonard both of West Springfield were joined 
torrcther in ^farringe January 8"* 178"2. 

Thomas ^lorly of Wcstlield & Elizabeth Keminf^'ton of West Spriug- 
ficM were joined tnrrpthor in iMarriage Novembor If'' 1782. 

Phiuelias Leonard ik SyV'il Leonard both of ^\'est Springfield were joined 
together in Marriage Xovcinber "21, 1782. 

SaniUtl rdolut. ir ik IMary Xing both of West Springfield were joined 
together in Marriage January 2"^, 178.j. 

Tlie Intentions of Marriage between Solomon IMiller Jim' and Ireno 
Minor bolli of West Springfield were entered and published May 'IV^'' 1783. 

Tlic. Intentions of INIarriage between Roger Cooley Juu"' ik, JIuldah Ely 
both of Wc5t SpringfiL-ld were entered and published May 21-''* 178^. 

The Intentions of ^larriage between Simeon Ely •Tun'' ».<; 3Iargaret .Smith 
both of West Springfield were entered July 2-3"' & publisheil the 2(;"' 1783. 

The lutimtiun.s of ^Marriage between .Josiah Ivellog of South Iladly 
& .Jerushu Taylor of Chicopee Parish in ^\'e5t Springfield were entered and 
published August first 1783. 

The intentions of jMarriage between Oliver Bagg and Tryphena Day 
both of West Springfield were entered August 12"' A; jmblished 17"" 1783. 

The lutoutions of ^Marriage between Joseph Howard and Eunice Car- 
rier l)oth of "West Sprin^rfield was entered Oef 4"' and published the fifth 

The Intentions of jMarrir.go between Ivir.g Moor of Southwici: & Ivc- 
becca ^Mitchell of "West Springfield was entered October the 14"^ and pub- 
lished the i;)-\ 1783. 

The Intentions of jNIarriage between Mr. John Lankton of West Spring- 
field & Mrs. Eliz* Cornish of Simsbury was entered Oct** 17^'' & published 
ye I'J'i' 1783. 

The Intentions of Marriage between Capt° Moses Field of Springfield 
& Mrs, Lydia Champion of West Springfield was entered Oct" 21 & pub- 
lished on the 2G''' 1783. 

Julius Appleton & Nancy [Crane?] both of West Springfield the In- 
tentions of ^larriage between them were entered October 24: and published 
the 2o"^ 1783. 

Ti'.e Intentions of Marriage between Hezekiah Warriner Jun'' & Ka- 
thcrine Leonard both of West Springfield were entered Novemb"' O'*" & pub- 
ILslied the 10"^ 1783. 

The Intentions of Marriage between Mr Stephen Miller of West Spring- 
fiel.l & Mrs. Sarah Taylor of s** Town were entered November 21" & pub- 
Ii.->!!.>d Nov' 23', 1783. 

Jus.^ph Carrier & Irena Howard both of West Springfield the Intentions 
of Marriage between them was entered Dec'' 4^^ and pubhshed. 

1 he LitPiitions of Marriage between John Perry and Anna Taylor 
bofli of West Springfield were entered Decem"' 13'*' and published the 
U"' 17S3. 

The Intentions of ^Marriage between Samuel Alvard and Hannah Day 
both of West S])ringfield were entered January 2-4 and published the 25, 

Benjamin Ball & Sarah Kent both of West Springfield were joined in 
Marriage April 2-4, 1783. 

_ Uriah Loomis of West Springfield & Sarah Sheldon of Suffield were 
joined in [Marriage May 20, 1783. 

ITie Intentions of Marriage between Timothy Flower of West Sprbg- 

152 -^farriages 171 JFcst Sjmiigjield, 1114r-dG. [April, 

field cl- Hanuah Spencer of Somcrs wero enterea March C"' and published 
the 7"" 1784. '■ 

The Intentions of I\rarria;40 between Paul Chapin of Sprin'^firld & 
Clarissa Kilkum of West Springfield were entered May 21 ^ loublished 
May •2-2, 17al:. 

The Intentions of Marriage between Jonatlian Felt and Jemima Allen 
both of \V est Springfuld was entered July 1(V" .^ published the 18'^ 1784. 

Ihe Intenuons of :\iarriage between ikMKijah Jiracket & Loi-s Tuttle 
both of West Springfield were entered July 15"' <ic published the IS'*" 
1/84. '■ 

The Intentions of Marriage between lliaddeus Leonard & Mary Leo- 
nard both of Wt Springfield wt-re entered July 24'" & published the 2.3'- 

Persis Daughter of Lt. [Nath'?] Chaphi & Mrs. Bathsbeba Chapin 
was born May 14, 1784. 
k 'y^'^/^^<^"'^'<^'^s of I\rarriage between r.enjamin Aldrich & Svbil INIorlev 

■ ;2o . ^^^ Springfield were entered August 20"^- & published the 22<^ 

1/84. o I 

The Intentions of Marriage between Abijah Owen'of Westfield & Miri- 
am Lrooks of ^vest Springfield were entered Sept. 30'^ & published Oct^3'^ 

„ ^r*^ Intentions of Marriage between Mr. Augustus Digcrins of Enfield 
&1U1SS Sabra Stebbms of ~\\ est Springfield were entered October IG"' & 
published the 17 •' 1784. 

The Intention of Marriage between Gad 3[irick of TTest Sprincrfleld & 
bybil Harrison of "Westfield was entered Nov. 20"^ & published 21^'''l784. 

The Intentions of Marriage between Samuel Smith of Sandisfield '& 
I^ovisa Ely of W est Springfield was entered Nov. 27^^ & published y^ 28"' 

_ The Intentions of Marriage between ]Mr. David Dcane of T7ashin<Tton 
m Connecticut & Phcbe Hitchcock of West Springfield, was entered & 
pubhshed ^ov. 30, 1784. 

The Intention of IMarriage between Justin Dav & Abigail Moro-an both 
of \Vest Springfield was entered January 12"^ <fc published ve IG'*^ 1785. 

The Intentions of iMarriage between .to<eph Smith <Sc Iluldab Leonard 
both of West Springfield were entort- d IMarch 1 9-" an 1 published y« 20'" 1 7^5. 

The Intentions of :>Iarria£^e between Ithamar Moi-.^an & Chloe PI Bacr^ 
were entered April [r] and published the H'*' 1785.'" °° 

The Intentions of Marriage between Abraham Riplev & ilercy Leonard 
both of West Springfield were entered April 21 it published. 

The Intentions of M.irriage between Joel Barl)er A; Jerusha Flower both 
of West Springtield v/ere entered ami published 22^ April 1785. 

The Intention of IMarriage between Elihu Ely of West Sprinrff^ld & 
Hadassah Chapin of Springfie-ld were enterd :\Liv 4"" »& published ye 8'^ 1785 

The Intention of :\Iarriage between Joseph Pierpout and Clarissa Gran- 
ger both of West Springfield was enterd May^the 13'^ 6c published the lo'" 

The Intentions of ■Marriage between Jude Ludinirton & Miss Huldah 
Carrier both of Wt Springfield were entered June IT^tsL- published the l->"' 

The Intention of IMarriage between Mr. John [Stone ?] of Chesterfield 
and Miss Eli/abeth Leonanl of We.,t Springfield was entered June 18"" 
l/bo & published the lO"- Day next followiu"-. 

1875.] Brooks Famibj of Wohurn^ Mass. 153 


Ey the late Dr. Benjakin Ci-ttf.k,* of Woburn. and comiaunicated by his son, William 
It. Cl'XTKH, of Lexington, Muss. 

1. Hexky* Bi:ooks clied April 12, 1CS3 ; v,ifo Susanna died Sept. 15, 
1G81. [lit; raine to AVoburn from Concord, where lie was made freeman, 
March 14, ir.;)'J; was an inhabitant of Woburu, and proprietor of hind 
there, near Horn I'ond, Jan. 10, 1052; selectman, 1 1'.GO ; married, second, 
Annis Jatpiitli. ,hdy \-, 1G82 ; will, dated July 18, 1GS2, names wife Anni.s 
and children John,' Tiinothy (of Billerica), haac, and Sarah (wife of John 
Mousal), v.-lio were then living (Sewall's Hist. Woburn, 594, G27, &cO ; 
Goodwifo IJrooks (1G70), "an ancient and skilful woman, living at Wo- 
buru," famous for attainments in medical science ; ride instance related by 
Gookin {.Uu-s^. Hist. Coll., i. 1G8).] 

2. John' (Hcnnf ), married Eunice Mousal, Nov. 1, 1G49 ; died Jan. 1, 
1G84 [daughter of Deacon John Mousal, a founder and much honored citizen 
of "Wuburn. lie died Sept. 29, 1G91. Widow jMary Brooks (his wife ?; 
died Aug. 2G, 1704], Had: 

i. Jou.v, b. Xov. 23, 1650 ; d. Nov. 20, 1653. 

ii. S.vKAU, b. Nov. 21, 1C5- ; m. Ephraim Buck, Jan. 1, IGTl. 

iii. Eunice, b. Oct. 10, 1655. 

iv. Joanna, b. March 22. 1659 ; m. David Roberts, Oct. 2, 1678. 

5. V. John, b. :March 1, 166-1; m. Mary Richardson, i'eb. 25, 16S4, and d. 

Aug. 7, i733, aged 69. 

6. vi. Ebexezer, b. Dec. 9, 1066 ; m. Martha. 
vii. Deborah, b. March 20, 1669. 

7. viii. Jabez, b. July 17, 16~3 : m. Rachel Buck, Dec. 18, 1694, d. Feb. 2.1,. 

1698, aged 22; and ilephzibah Cutter, July 7, 1693, d. Jan. 1, 
1745-6, aged 75. He d. Jan. 30, 1746-7, aged 74. 

3. TniOTHY* (Hmrrf-), married Mary Russell, Dec. 2, 1659, and had : 

i. TnioTHT, b. Nov. 10, 1660 ; d. Jan. 22, 1661. 
ii. TiiioTHY, b. Oct. 9, 1661. 
iii. John, b. Oct. 16, 1662. 

[iv. MARr, b. , and d. July 2, 1670, at Billerica, whither, subsequently 

to her birth, her paients had removed. — Sewali, Hist. 595.] 

4. lixkc" (Henri/), married Miriam Daniels, Jan. 10., IGGo-G, and 
died Sept. 8, 1686, Had : 

j. Saraij, b. May 14, 1667 ; d. July 2, 1667. 

ii. MiKiAM. b. i\Iay 29, lOfiS ; d. young. 

iii. Isaac, b. Aug. 13. 1669; m. Hannah, and had— Anna, b. Aug. 10, 
16,SG— Sen:/!, b. Nov. 23, l<dm— William, b. March 1, 1696. 

iv. HcNRV, b. Oct. 4, 1671; m. Mary. [Perhaps, Mary Graves, of Sud- 
bury, m. Dec. 9, 1692.] 

V. Miriam, b. Dec. 16, 1673. 

5. Jon>' (John', Hcnnf). married Mary Eichardson, Feb. 25, 1634. 

He died Aug. ~, 17,'i3, aged G!). Had : — 

i. Mary, b. Dec. 4, 16r5 ; d. Dec. 4. 1685. 

ii. . Joux (t^Wn), b. D^c. 30, 1636; d. Jan, 2, 1687. 

* Bcnjamiu Carter, M.D., was bom June 4, 1S03, and died M.irch 0, l&-"4. His genea- 
logical rL-se,u<Ie> u-Uc frair; about 1^47, the year in wLiicli iiis sou who coniuunicatcs this 
article wtw born. 


154 Brooks Family of Wohnrny Mass. [April, 

iii. EBI-N-E2KR (twin), b. Dec. 30, 1686 ; d. Dec. 31, 1666. 
iv. Marv, b. April 1, IGSS ; m. Thomas Heoshaw, May i36, 1712. 
V. S.\K.ui, b. k\xg. 11, IGiVJ. 
•vi. Joux, b. Nov. 23, IGUl. 
vii. Abicul, b. Aug. I'J, U507 ; d. Oct. 12, 1607. 
• 8. viii. TiMOTHir, b. Feb. 14, 1700; iii. Kuth Vf'vman, int. Aug. 20, 17-19, and 
d. Oct. 13, 1780. 

h. Isaac, b. , 1703 ; d. Aui,'. 24, 1719. 

9. X. Nathan, b. Nov. 1, 170G ; d. Jan. 6, 1751 ; m. Sarah Wyman. 

6. Ebekezer' (John,^ ITcnnf ), married Martha. Had : — 
i. EuMCE, b. March 18, IfiSS ; d. Feb. 4, \{)>'.). 

ii. Jonx, b. March 22, 1690. v. Maktiia, b. March 24, 1697. 

iii. Ebfxezer. b. Aug. S, 1001. vi. El-nick, b. leb. 4, 1700. 
iv. Jabez, b. Jan. 7, 1G93. 

7. Jabe/.' (Johii,^ Henry"), married, first, Rachel Buck, Dec. 18, 1G9 t, 
who died Feb. 23, 1608, aged 22 ; second, Ilephzibah Cutter, July 7, 1098 
\Hiit. Cutter Family, o^'\\ she died Jan. 1, 174o-G, aged 75. Pie died 
Jan. 30, 1746-7, aged 74. [The two last dates from gravestones in Woburu 
first burying-ground.] By wife Rachel, had : — 

i. KACEeL, b. Nov. 29, 1695 ; m. Jo«eph Wright, Nov. 19, 1729, and d. 
June 21, 1750, aged 55 [gravestone]. 

By wife Hephzlbah : 

ii. Jabez, b. May 13, 1700. 

iii. IJeph-iibaii, b. Nov. 18, 1701 ; m. John Cutter, Dec. 26, 1734, and d. 
about 1777, aged 76, according to widow of Henry Gardner, her grand- 
daughter.— [C'i^«er Family, iii, 260.] 

10. iv. NathUniel, b. Aug. 17, 1703 ; m. .Submit Poulter. 

V. Deborah, b. May — , 1705 ; m. Jacob \V"right, Sept. 20, 1733, d. March 

10, 1783 ; she d. Feb. 5, 1780, aged 75. 
vi. S-iiTUEL, b. April 18, 1707. 
vii. Jonx. b. Jan. 14, 1703-9 ; m. Hannah Cutter and Elizabeth Kendall. — 

[C-utter FamUy, 45.] 
viii. Jonathan, b. Aug. 27, 1710 ; m. Phebe Siraonds, Aug. 23, 17.38 ; had : 

Phch'^, b. Feb. 22, 1740. (He d. " of cholic," March 17, 1795?) 

11. is. Ebenezes, b. June 1, 1712; m. .Jemima Locke, Oct. 28, 1736. 

X. SAR-iH, b. Dee. 25, 1714; m. Thomas Richardson, Oct. 18, 1742, d. 
June 13, 1773, aged 67 ; she d. June 12, 1784, aged 69 [gravestones 
Woburn first burying-ground]. 

12. xi. Benja-Min, b. April 14, 1717 ; m. Susanna Kendall, int. April 5, 1746, 

and d. Jan. 6, 1769, aged 52. 

8. TiiiOTHT'* Capt. (Johi,^ John,' Eenry^ ), married Rath "Wyman, 
in ten. dated Aug. 20, 1748 ; both were admitted to "Woburn church, 
Nov. 21. 1756. He died Oct. 13, 1786, of ''gravel," (aged 88?). He 
married for second wife, widow Sarah Couvers, ^ilarch 30, 1781, who died 
Feb. 22, 1789, aged 81, of " cancer." By wife Ruth he had :— 

i. John, b. July 19, 1749 (m. Abigail Kichardson, int. Oct. 17, 1771 ?). 

ii. TraoTET, b. Oct. 24, 1751. 

iii. RtTTH, b. Jan. 13, 1754 ; m. Aaron Maeon. 

iv. Abigail, b. June 18, 1756; m. Atahel Porter, killed at Lexington, 
April 19, 1775, and Enhraim Peircc (son of Jacob), int. Nov. 30, 
1782 ; she d. Jan. 9, 1840, aged 84. iNa^e.— John, Timothy, Ruth 
and Abignil, were bapti/ced March 20, 1757. 

V. Sastc-el, b. Dec. 21, 1758, bapt. Dec. 31, -bi. 

vi. Seth, b. March 2, 1761, bapt. March 29, '61. 

vii. Sl'saxxa, b. March 11, 17G4, bapt. same day. 

viii. Thomas, b. April 6, 176G, bapt. same day. 

is. Asa, bapt. Aug. 28, 1768. 

X. Luke, l^pt. Oct. 13, 1772. 

1875.] Brooks Family of Wohiirn, Mass. 155 

9. Nathak* (John,' John,'' Henri/), married Sarah "Wyman (Jona- 
than's daugUtor), who died Feb. 21, 1747-8, ac^od 4U, &c. [gravestone]. 
He died Jan. C, 1751, aged 45 [gravestone]. Had : — 

13. i. Nathan, b. No\r. G, 1727; m. Elizabeth Kichard-^^on, int. March 18, 

lT-19. and d. Jan. ?•), 17i3«, ai^ed 30. 

14. ii. IsA'.c, b. July '51, 17-29; m. Joanna Uoklen, int. June 23, 1753, and d. 

March i:3, 17tJ8, aL'-od 3>i. 
iii. Jo.VATi(A.v, b. Au;;. ^^G, 1731 ; d. Dec. 30, 1733. 
iv. Jou.v, b. May «>, 1733. 
y. Jonathan, b. Feb. 21, 1735. 
TJ. William, b. March 3, 1737. 
vii. Sakau, b. March 1, 1739. 
viii. SETn, b. April 1, 1740. 

15. is. ZvciiARiAii, b. April 20. 1742 ; m. Hannah Wild, int. July 23, 17G3, 

and Susanna Watts, June 21, 1780 ; he d. Feb. 5, 1792. 
X. Marv, b. March 1, 1714. 
xi. Klizabetii, b. 1746. 
xii. Sahlll. b. July 16, 1747 ; m. Martha Peirce, Aug. 8, 1769 (int. Feb. 

23, '69). 

10. NATHAXTF.r/ (Jahez,^ John,'' Henri/), married Submit Poulter. 
"Widow Submit Brooks died .June 1, 1799, aged 91. Had : — 

i. Submit, b. Feb. 3, 1731 ; m. Nathaniel Wyman, Lancaster, March 14, 

10. ii, Natuantel, b. July IS, 1734 ; m. Esther Wyman, Jan. 16, 1756, and 

d. •",, 1783. 
17. iii, Jonatu.u\, h. July 16, 1737 ; m. Ruth Fox, Feb. 18, 1762. 

iv. JosiAH. b. Dec. 14, 1739 ; m. Betty Flagg, Aug. 11, 1763 ; she d. July 

3, 1764, aged 30 [gravestone]. 
V. Elizabeth, b. April 22, 1742 ; m. Zachariah Richardson, int. Nov. 7, 

Ti. EEroEV, b. Jan. 8, 1744 ; his son Amos d. Jan. 26, 1797, aged 27 

[gravestone Wob. second burying-ground]. 
vii. David, b. March 29, 1749. 

11. Ebenezer* {Jahez,^ John,'^ Henri/), church member, 1756 ; mar- 
ried Jemima Locke, Oct. 28, 17o6, who died Nov. 5, 1774, aged 57 [grave- 
stone]. He married wido^ Elizabeth Symmes, Cambridge, int. Nov. 15, 
1776. Had, by first marriage : — 

i. Jemlma, h. Aug. 29, 1737 ; m. Jesse Richardson. Dec. 29, 1756. 

ii. Bephzibah, b. Jan. 15, 1739-40 ; m. Josiah Convers, March 28, 1758, 

and d. March 11. 1813, aired 74— " paralytic." 
iii. Sally, b. Dec. 9, 1740 ; m.^Zadok Richardson, int. March 20, 1762. 
iv. Ebenezer, b. Sept. 15, 1742; of Sterling; m. Aletha Mores. [Calnn. 

Brooks (Ebenezer, Jr."s son), m. Mary Richardson, Dec. 1, l5>03 

(Reuben's dau.)— had : Mary, b. July 7, 1805.] 
T. Polly, b. Aug. 29, 1744. 
vi. WiLLiAH, b. April 5, 1745 (?) ; of Sterling. 
Tii. Sarah, h. April 6, 1743; m. Joseph Skinner, Nov. 1, 1768 (int. Oct. 

5, '68). 
viii. Jonas, b. May 6, 1750; m. Joanna Cummings, Nov. 19, 1771, both 

ch. m.'s Jan. 3, 1773 : — ehil. J«anna,bapt. Jan. 31, 1773, and Jonas, 

bapt. Jan. 24, 1774 :— lived at Athol. 
ix. Abigail, b. June 2, 1752 ; m. Isaac Warren, Jr., Medford, " almanack 

maker," Oct. 29. 1772. 
X. Jabez, b. Miiy 8, 1755, bapt. June 6, 1756 ; lost at sea. 
xi. Mary, b. Nov. 14, 1753, bapt. Nov. 27, ■58 ; m. Abraham Skinner, 

Dec. 30, 1777. 
xii. EuHAMAH, b. March 4, 1761, bapt. March 8, '61 ; m. Watts Turner, 

Medford, Sept. 3, 17«9. 
xiii. Betty, b. March 8, 1766. bapt. March 22. '66; d. Oct. 14, 1789, aged 

22 (at Jesse Richard-on's), " phtbisi.«;" int. Calvin Ho'w^ard. of Ac- 
ton, Jan. 1, 1769. [Vide this family in Book of the Lockes, 37, &c.J 

156 Brooks Famihj of Wohimi, Mass. [April, 

12. Bexjamtn* (Jahcz^ John^ Hcnrif ), mavricd Susanna Kcnilall, 
int. April 5, 171G. lie was killccl by a tree, Jan. G, 1709, aged o2 [^ave- 
stone — on which is a curious and oft-quoted epitaph. Susanna Brooks, 
int. Josiah Johnson, Esq., July 20, 1771 j. lie had: — 

i. Susanna, b. June 4, 1T17; (in. Alirnham Skinnor [11, 5'..], int. April 

20, 17ti0 ?) , i.nd d. Jan. 8, 1709, a-ed 20 [f,'ravcPtone]— should be 1770. 
ii. B£.vj.\iitN, b. July 2, 174J ; d. Stpi.' 1, 171'.). aL'^-d B '.vcekH [uTravestunel. 
iii. Benjamin, b. June 2, 17.>0 ; d. \\\\x,. 17, 1753, a,i;ed 3 yrs. [ijravestonej. 
iv. Jercsha, b. July 13, 17.'>7 ; in. Josiah Kioliardcjn, Stonoham, April 11, 

1776, and Ebeuezor Wade, Dec. U, LSUd; siie d. .Sept. 17, 1842, 

aijcd 8-1. 
18, V. Joseph, b. Dec. 28, 17.59, liapt. Jan. 10, 1700 ; m. Sarah Vinton, Sept. 

7, 1760, and Rebecca Wyman, May 28, 1791 ; he d. Jan. 18, 1810, 

acred 50^ — " frozen." * 
Ti. Uepuzibah, b. March 3, 1762 ; lu. Elijah Leathe, June 22, 1780, and d. 

July 18, 1829, aged G3. 

13. Nathan^ (Xatlian,'^ John,' John,' Hcnnf), married Elizabeth Rich- 
ardson, int. March 18, 1749 (ch. m. An::. 29, 175G). lie died Jan. 26, 
1758, aged 30 [grarostone]. She mari'ied Zebadiah "VV'yman, Jan. C, 17G4-, 
and died Aug. 12, 1776, aged 42 [gravestone]. Had: 

1. Abig.ul, b. Sept. 8, 1751. 

ii. Nathan, b. Jan. 26, 1754, bapt. Sept. 5, 1756 ; d. April 24, 1774, aged 
20 [gravestone]. 

iii. Elizabeth, b. April 8, 1755 ; d. June 19, 1755, aged 10 weeks [grave- 

iv. Elizabeth, b. Juue 11, 1757 ; d. Feb. 12, 1758, aged 8 months [grave- 
stone] . 

v. Abigail, bapt. Jan. 11, 1761. 

14. Isaac' (Xathan,'^ John,* John,' Hcnnf ), married Joanna Holden, 
int. Juue 23, 1753 ; ch. m. Dec. 6, 1761, and wife Joanna. He died March 
23, 17G8, aged 38 [gravestone]. Had: 

i. JoA-NNA, b. Feb. 19, 1755 (m. Jonathan Kendall, Dec. 1, 1774?). 

ii. Isaac, b. Ai'S. 16, 1757, ba;)t. (with sister Joanna) Jan. 3, 1762. 
Isaac and Abigail Brooks had — Isaac E., b. Sept. 26, 1791, at Am- 
herst, N. S. 

iii. Mary, b. Sept. 11, 1765 ; m. Stephen Cummings, and d. Feb. 6, 1853, 
aged 87i. 

15. Zachariah,' Lieut. (Xt^than,* John^ John' ILmrf), married 
Hannah Wild, Oct. 13, 17G3 (int. July 23, '63), died Nov. 24, 1778. He 
died Feb. 5, 1792, aged 49-50 — '•consumjitjon." He married Susanna 
"Watts, June 21, 1780, and she married David Dexter, of Atkinson, Oct. 3, 
1799. Had by first marriage : — 

i. Zachariah, b. April 19. 1765 ; d. April 26, 1765. 

ii. Elizabeth, b. June 3, 1767. 

iii. Zachariah, b. April 10, 1771 ; never married. 

iv. Patty, b. Dec. 23, 1772. 

By second marriage : 

V. SAituEL- Watts, b. Sept. 22, 1781 ; m. Eleanor Young, March 28, 1803. 
vi. SrsANNA, b. April 8, 1734. 

vii. Nathan, b. ; m. Maria Smith, Nov. 23, 1813 ; he d. Dec. 21, 

1830, aged 42. 

1875.] Brooks Family of Wohurn^ Mass. 157 

Tiii. Havn-ah, ]March 13, 1789. 

ix. James- Watts, b. June 20, 1792. 

IC. Nathaniel,* Capt. (Nathaniel* Jahez,^ John^ ITmry'), married 
Esther Wyman (second daughter of Capt. Bcinjamiu Wyman), Jan. FO, 
175G; both cb. lu.'s, Nor. 13, 1757. He died April 3, 1783. Had ;— 

i. Esther, b. Oot. 14, 175G ; m. Nathaniel White, Lancaster, Sept. 12, 

ii. Hannah, b. Oct. 11, 1758, bapt. Oct. 15, '58. 
iii. Li;cv, b. Got. 24, 17G0, biint. Xuv. 3, 'GO ; in. Jonathan Locke, Jan. IG, 

1783. [Lockr. Book, 8G. | 
iv. Nathaniel, b. March 8, 17G3, bapt. March 13, 'G3 ; d. Feb. 6, 1820, 

aired 58 — '' fjr many years paralytic." 
V. Benjamin, b. May 18, 1765, bapt. June 12, "65 ; d. Jan. 18, 1810, aged 

45. Frozen.^ 
vi. AiiEL, b. May 3. 17G8, bapt. May 8, '68. 
vii. Keuuen, b. April 7, 1778, bapt. May 17, '78 ; d. Oct. 5, 1790, aged 12— 

'* palsy and apoplexy." 
viii. Hannah, b. June 30, 1781, bapt. July 29, '81 ; m. Josiah Kichardc'on, 

June 26, 1804. [She d. June 26, I67u, a^ed 89.] 

17. JoxATHAX* (Nathaniel* Jahez,' Johi^ Ilenry^ ), married Faith Fox, 
Feb. 18, 17G2 (ch. ni. Oct. 2, 1791) ; children Iluth, Submit, Williiun, and 
Elizabeth, baptized Oct. 16, 1791. Had: — 

i. I^Iarv, b. Seut. 30, 1764 (m. James Leathe, Dec. 16, 1784?). 

ii. Paxu, b. July 20, 1770 (m. Joseph Webber, Lexington, Jan. 15, 1795 ?) . 

iii. Jou.v.b. Aug. 10, 1772. 

iv. ScBMiT, b. Jan. 28, 1775. 

V. William, b. Nov. 19, 1780. 

vi. Elizabeth, b. Oct. 13, 1782. 

18. Joseph^ (Benjainin,* Jahe-J John^ Heyinf ), married Sarah Vinton, 
Sept. 7, 17S0 {Vinton Memorial, 112]. He married Rebecca Wyman, 
May 28, 1791. Frozen, Jan. 18, 1810, aged 50. Had by first marriage :— 

i. SusA^-NA, b. July 8, 17S2. 

By his second : 

ii. Kendall, b. Jan. 10, 1792. v. Rebecca, b. Feb. 23, 1800. 

iii. Benj.imln-, b. .\ug. 19, 1793. vi. Joseph, b. Sept. 25, 1804. 

iv. Nathan, b. Oct.l2, 1797. 

Sarah Brooks, m. John Moupal, May 13, 1650. [1.] 
Abigail Brooks, int. mar. John Lewis, Lynn, June 29, 1751. 
Elizabeth Brooks, int. mar. Zacli. Kichardso^n, Nov. 7,^1767. [10, v.J 
Elizabeth Brooss, int. mar. Giles Johnson, Sept. 21, 1766. 
Elizabeth Brooks, int. inar. Ger.^hntn Flagg, June 14, 1761. 
Elizabeth Brooks, m. James "Wyman, Dec. 9, 1787. 
i^lARy Brooks, m. James Leathe, Dec. 16, 1784. [17, i.] _^_^ 
ScsAA-NA Brooks, int. mar. Josiah Johnson, Esq., July 20, 1771, [12.] 

Pakent.age of Deborah Clark (a?i/?, xxviii. 331).— In an account of the fam- 
ily of Lieut. Gov. 'A'illiam Jones, taken from the New-Haven records of births, 
deaths and marriages, is the following entrv : 

" Isaac [I2th child of Lieut. Gov. \ViUiiml, b. 21 June 1671 ; m. Deborah Clark 
of Stratford, 21 Nov. 1692 ; d. 1741. She d. 2S May 1733, aged 63." 

The records of Stratford ought to give her parentage. 
Brid^ffjort, Conn. HsNTlT JoxES. 

VOL. XXIX. 14* 

158 EarJij Papennills of 2^ev:- England. [April, 


By the Ilo>f. William GooLn, of ^V'inllh.•lm, Mc. 
Read at a meeting of the Maine Historical Society, at Bath, Feb. VJ, 1874. 

UIE first papermill in America was built in 1G90, by William 
ivitteuhuyscn, a native of Eroicli in Holland. This mill -was at 
Koxborouiih, in Pennsylvania, on what is yet called Papcrmill liun. 
William Eradford, a printer in Pliilad(-lpliia, was instrumental in 
establishing tliis mill to sup{)ly his oflice. The second mill in the 
colonies was built by DcWees, a family (;onncction of Eittenliouse, as 
the name was afterward spelled, in Germautown, Pa., in 1710. 

I find that an act to encourage the manufacture of paper 
in Xew-Eiigland was passed by the general court of !Massachu- 
setts on the 13th of Scptcn)bcr, 172.S. and a patent was granted 
to Daniel Hencliman, Gilhim Pliillips, .licnjamin Fancuil, Thomas 
Hancock and Henry "Dcring," for the sole manufacture of paper 
for ten years. In modern phraseology this would be called a " re- 
spectable firm," well connected. I have taken some pains to ascer- 
tain who they were, and find that they were nearly all of one family 
connection. Daniel Henchman, the head of the firm, was a book- 
binder, and the leading bookseller of Boston at that time. Thomas 
Hancock served his time with Col. Henchmun as a bookbinder, and 
married his daughter. He was the builder raid owner of the historic 
Plancock mansion on Pn.^acon Street, taken down in IS 03. Before 
his death in 1764 he bequeathed the bulk of his large fortune to his 
nephew John Hancock. These rich possessions, perhaps, inspired 
the frovemor with the confidence which is manifest in his bold sic;- 
nature to the Declaration of Independence. Gen. Hemy Knox, 
President Washington's secretary of war, also served liis tin:ie at 
bookbindmg in Henchman's shop on State Street. Benjamin Faneuil 
was the father of Peter, of Faneuil Hall memory. Gillam Phillips 
was brother-in-law to Peter Fancuil, and also brother to Henry Phil- 
lips who thrust his sword through the body of yoimg Woodbridge in 
a duel on Boston conmion. in 172S, and with the assistance of I'eter 
Faneuil, hurried their relative on board tiie ''Sheerness," man-of-war, 
to escape punishment. Others with myself will be interested to 
know who were the first pajier manufiicturers of Xew-England. 

In order to carry out their design and to make their exclusive 
charter profitable, and ro enal)le them to comply with its terms, they 
built a small mill adjuhiing Xeponset river, then in the town of Dor- 
chester, now ^Illton, near tlie lower bridge, where the tide prevented 
the running, of the mill six hours of the twenty-tuur. The terms of 
their charter were. th:!t thi-y shoidd witiiiu th.e first fifteen moutlis 
make one hundred and forty reams of brown paper, and sixty reams 

1875.] Early Pupermills of :N'eu'-Fng!anct. 159 

of printing paper. The ecconrl your llicy were to make fifty reams 
of \vritin>>' paper in addition to the firat mentioned quantity. Tiie 
third year, and afterward yearly, they bound themselves, in accepting 
the act, to make twonty-tive reams of a superior quality of writing 
paper, in addition to tiic afore-mcntioncd, so that the total annual 
produce of the various qualiticjs choidd not be leas than Hv^i Juaidred 

Daniel Ileuchman a[)pears to have been the managing partner of 
the company. It is recorded that he produced to the general court 
of 17;U a sample of the ptipcr made at his mill. As t.o the success 
of this mill under Henchman we have no knowledge, hut after it had 
been idle some time, it was sold to Jeremiah Smith, who for some 
cause let it lie idle for a while. In 17 GO the business was again re- 
vived by James Boies, of Boston, who procured a papermaker from 
a British regiment tlien stationed in Boston, by the name of llazelton, 
who obtained a furlough long enougli to set the mill to work, there 
being an American pa])ermaker, Abijtdi Smith, then living in Dor- 
chester, who assisted him and continued in the business to an advanced 
age. Ou tliC rcghaeut tu which ILizeltou belonged being ordered 
to (Quebec, he was compelled to go, and fell while fighting under 
AVolf on tlie Plains of Abraham. The next foreman was luchard 
Clark, also an Englishman, who came from Xew-York. The origi- 
nal mill is yet standing, and is now owned by Tileston & Hol- 
lings worth, who have manufactured paper a short distance above 
eince 1801. 

It appears by the following petition of Richard Fry to Gov. 
Belcher and the jrencral court of Massaclmsetts, that durinc: the 
same year that Henchman exhibited his first sample of paper to the 
general court, 1731, Samuel Waldo, a well known merchant of Bos- 
ton and a large proprietor of lands in the then district of ^.laine, 
while in England contracted to build and lease a papermill on the 
Presumpscot river in Falmouth. ITndoubt-.dly the papermill and 
other "sundiy sorts of mills" were built as set forth in Fry's petition. 
It is a well known fact that "\Yaldo and Westbrook had sawmills on 
the lower falls of the Presumpscot, which would seem to make it con- 
clusive that the papermill was on the same dam. This petition fur- 
nishes all the information we have concerning this papermill, as the 
Falmouth records of that time were destroyed by fire. 

To his excellency Jonathan Belcher, Esq., Captain General and Governor 
incliiefin and over his Majesty's Province of the Massachusetts Bay in 

To the Honourable his IMajpsty's Council, and the Honourable House of 
Kepresentatives in General Court a?semi)Ied at Boston. 

The Petition of Eichard Fry, of Boston, humbly showeth: 

The late great piece of justice done unto your most humble Petitioner, in 
dismissing the Hi^^h Sheriifof York's mo:jt unreasonable and unjust Peti- 
tion, imboldens me to lay before you the present irreat hardships and surter- 
iugs I labour under; and knowing the justice and wisdom of this great 

160 Early Papermills of Ktw-Enyland. [April, 

assembly flatters me with great hopes aiul expectations of having my desires 
and requests granted. I ain i;o\v couthied in his Majesty's Goal at the auit 
of i\rr, Samuel "Waldo of Pioston and Thuinus Westhrook of Falmouth, 
Esq., for seventy pounds eterling, obtained against me at the last superior 
court held at York. Your must humble petitioner in fact saitL, that fur 
want of one writing instrument, inider the liand of Mr. Samuel "Waldo of 
Boston, which w:..s taken away froui your ])etioner by Abrah;im Tyler the 
under sherill'for the County of York, under couler of an execution from Mr. 
Samuel AValdo of Boston, and hath taken and converted the said writing or 
instrument to his own use, to the great damage of your petitioner. Your 
most humble petitioner further observes, It has always been the wisdom of 
this great assembly to reward all those that have any ways served this 
Province with rewards and favors. Your petitioner indented with ^Ir, 
Samuel "\Yaldo in the year 17ul in London, to have built within ten mouths 
after my arrival in Xew-ICngland a papermill. Your petioner arrived in 
New-England in the year 17ol and waited four years wholy at his own 
expense, till such time as the said mills were built. Your petioner willincr 
to promote the good of his country, drew a plan for sundry sorts of mills to 
be built, wliich was across Presumscot river in Falmouth ; which scheme 
the said "\7aido and "Westbrook came into and built the said mills. And vour 
petioner sent for one Mr. John Collier from England, which took the lease of 
the said mills at two hundred pounds sterling per annum for twenty-one years. 
Yoiu' petitioner was to pay sixty-four pounds sterling per ann. for t'>veiuy 
one years for the papennills. And the said Samuel "Waldo and Thomas 
Westbrook confessed before Capt. Greenwood, Mr. George Craddock, and 
Mr. Brandon, merchants of Boston, that they held and owned in the town- 
ship of Falmouth, fifteen thousand acres of land, and that one acre with 
an other was three pounds more in value for these mills. But the said 
Waldo and Westbrook not content with their imjirovemeut of two hundred 
and sixty-four pounds sterling per ann. and the vast improvements of their 
land they coveted the improvement of all the mills, and paid Mr. John Collier 
six hmidred pounds for his lease, the said Collier finding what sort of men 
he had to deal withal, sold them his said lease. The said AV'aldo and West- 
brook otTered your most humble petitioner live hundred pounds for the loan 
of Ecy lease but I would not comply with their most unreasonable and un- 
just request : so they have entered into a combination with the deputy 
sheriff of York, Abraham Tyler, under colour of an execution hath violently 
entered my mills, and converted all my substance to their own use, and 
have committed my boddy to '* Boston Goal." Your most humble petioner 
in fact saith, he is not indebted one farthing either to Samuel Waldo, 
Thomas Westbrook or Tyler, but the saiil Waldo, Westbrook and 
Tyler have proceeded contrary to all law, justice, reason or equity now 
subsisting in the christian world. Your most humble petitioner prays to 
have leave to bring his writ of review to bo tried in the county of Suffolk, 
at the next superior court to be held in August, against the said Samuel 
Waldo and Thomas Westbrook : the reason is because I am confined in 
Boston jail, and my witnesses are in Boston. 

Your petitioner further prays, for his great improvements in this Province, 
and his leaving his own native country, and his great charges in coming 
over and waiting four years at his own expense (and there is no member of 
this Honourable Plouse but must know the keeping a fomily in a pretty 
genteel manner four years must amouut to a large sum). Your humble 
petitioner prays to have a tract of the waste lands graiited him, belonging 

1875.] Early Papermilh of New-England. 161 

to this Province; wliioli in time maybe serviceable to his New En ^lawl 
boru son, James Brook Fry ; wliicli said son God in his good providence 
hath i^iven to your petitioner in these his fri'eat troubles and ufllictions. 

Your most humljle p-jtitloucr leaveth all his desires and requests to the 
great wisdom and order of this great and august assembly. 

JuP.e 22, 17 09. Kichakd Fry. 

1 It ?Ponis tlint this Riclnnl Frv was not idlo wLilc in Boston Jail, ns the '' J-o^f^" Gazette " 
and the Ma.-sarh II setts archives iihundantlr show. The Gazette of May 28, l/.^9, contanij 
the followin;- notice : " Thi=; is to inform the public that tliere i=; now m tiie prc-..s ana will 
be laid hefore the Great and Go!.eral Tourt a ' paper scheme ' drawn lor the p)od an.l ncne- 
fit of everv individual niend>cr of the whole Province, and what wdl niuch please His Ko> m. 
Majestv:'for th> -torv of our Kini,' is the happiness of his subjects, and every niercliant in 
Great Bruain that trades to New Eni^'land will tind their account by it ; and there is no man 
that lias the least shadow of foundation of common sense, but must allow the said silicmo \ 

to be reasonable and jn>t. I have laid all my schemes to be proved by the iriurlieTTiatics j 

and all mankind well know that ti-ures will not lie; and notwithstandni?; the dismal luea , 

of the vear 41, I dont doulit the least seein;? of it a vear of Jubilee, and in a tew jcars i 

having; the balance of trade in favor of this Province from all parts ot the trading woiui; ^ 

for it is plain to a demonstration, bv tlie iust schemes of Peter the ?rc it, the late Czar oi s 

Muscovv in the run of a few vears arrived to such a pitch of glory, whose empire makon as | 

grand a.i'i appearance as any Empire on earth, which Empire for improvement, is no ways J 

to h<' oom[.ared with his Ruyal Majesties dominions in America. I beg leave to subscnoc jj 

myself a true and lieartv lover of .Ncsv England. -r^ i, \ 

'• liostou Jail, May, m9. , Richard Fry. 1 

On reicrence to the general court records it appears that Fry's "paper scheme" hiid j 

nothing to do with the manufacture of paper, as the following copy will show : 3 

"T.. his Excellency Jonathan Belcher, Esq., Capt. Gen. and Governor in cliief in and \ 

over His Majesties Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New England, and to His 3lujca- i 

ties Council. ^ 

"Worthvand Honorable Gentlemen: I have humbly made bold to lay before you a j 

email scheme; and as there is an absolute necessity for the gentlemen of this Proviiicc to i 

come into a just scheme for a p:iper currencv till such time as by frugality and industry j 

f'lver and gold l^e brought to pass amonsst us as a medium. It is plain to a demonstration | 

that the Province mav emit direetiv such a sufficient sum by notes of hand, and upon sucti | 

a solid footing as to equal to ijokl and silver. There is no person of this honorable board i 

but knows the dismal state of the Seven united Provinces were reduced to, not many ages i 

since; but they all united as one man and persevered in just and reasonable schemes, and J 

'.rith indefatigable industry hatli brought them to make that glorious figure they now ap- j 

pear in the world. They had ail their rough materials to produce from other countries tor . 

their manufoctures; but it is not so with us— we having them all within ourselres, and ir i 

the gentlemen of this Province will proceed with the same vigor and resolution as they did 
may in the run of a few vears arrive to as great a pitch of glory as the united states of 
lIolLmd; and L dont doubt of seeing the New England Com 'any make as great a figure as_ 
the EiLSt India Company in Holland, which boasts of hav subdued more lea-ucs ot 
country than there are acres of land in all Holland— of having thirty thousand soldiers anil 
a va.-t numiier of ships in the service, employing one hundred thousand men. May it 
I'lcu-v' your honors having nothing more to add only ^-ishing that almighty G(kI will m- 
6l»irc with the same noble and generous resolution and courage as guided the states ot tne 
omv i"H,r, lone and distressed states of Holland; but now the most high and m;ghty. 
Wiiieh is the eame?t praver of vour honors most humble servant. „ 

Uoston Jail, June, 1739. ' Richaed Frt. 

The petition, whii;h in the index is called a "banking scheme," is thus endorsed. "In 
council read, and the matter being further considered, ordered that the petition be dis- 



The "paper scheme" was not new. The first issue of paper money in Massachusetts 
was in 16&U, to pay the expenses of an unfortunate expedition against Canada. 

It appears that Fry was a leader among his fellow prisoners and remonstrated, with others,^ 
against the treatment of the under keeper " by shuting a gate which excluded callers. 
Here is an extract tVimi the records of the council : " n council Jan. 7, 1740. The com- 
mittee to whom was committed the petition of Richard Fry and others, report that the 
sherilf be directed to give strict orders to his under keeper, \Vm. Young, to treat his pri- 
soners with more justice and tenderness in the future." 

These several petitions, preservedin the Mass-ichusetts archives, are all in the hand- 
writing of the petitioner and show superior penmanship. Tiicy bear an impression of his 
seal in wax — tlic de.-isn is a crown surmour.u'd by the head of a goat. Hov/ long he was 
kept in conuiiemeiit it is impossilile to deiormine." But for his petition the history of one 
of the earliest papcrmills of New-England would have been lost. 

162 JEarhj Papermills of N'eio-England. [AprU, 

Oct. 9, 1739. In council, on petition of Richard Fry, read again 
and tlic matter being further considered, 

Ordered that the petition be dismissed. 

An explanatory memorial wiis presented to the general court by 
Fry, dated June 29, 1739. "It being eugested to your memu- 
lialist that his petition respecting his concerns with Mr. Samuel 
Waldo may want some ex{)lanation, begs leave to state the same as 
foUoweth (viz.)" Here follows what is virtually a repetition of his 
first petition, with some additional information. He says : 

At the end of four years said AVaMo purchased a mill of one James 
Foster for me and agreed with ine that upon my surrendering up of my 
aforesaid sterling a^^reement of four hundred pounds, I should pay no rent 
of said mill until said AValdo should build roe a dwelling house and that the 
aforesaid mill should be completely finished. The aforesaid house was 
framed but never raised to this day : Said Waldo gave me a proaiisary 
assui'ance under bis hand for the same, which was carefully locked up in 
my desk. Said Waido, under colour of an execution employed one Abraham 
Tyler under sheriff for the county of York ; said Tyler did enter the 
house in my absence and broke open my desk ^foresaid and converted the 
above instrument to his own use, with all my other papers of great value. 
Said Waldo now finding that my papers were all robbed from me, sued me 
to York Court for rent of the aforesaid mill though contrary to the aforesaid 
agreement and the consideration of the aforesaid sum and also the loss of 
four years time. The said Waldo had in his hands and withholding from 
your memoriahst two thousand pounds of my effects besides my papers. 

About the same time that the Prcsumpscot mill was built. Col. 
"Westbrook built another papcrmill at Strandwater, also in Falmouth. 
According to tradition this was on his own accoimt and stood on 
Strandwater river, a small stream running through his own farm 
and near his residence, which after the English custom he called 
"Harrow House." In the diary kept by the Rev. Thomas Smith, 
then the only minister in the town, under the date Sept. 5, 1733, 
is the following entry : " We all rode in the Colonel's new road to 
see where the papermill is to be set." In the Journal Thomas 
Westbrook is invariably styled "Colonel," and is the only inhabitant 
of Falmouth to whose name this title is prefixed. 

This extract is all the written history relating to this papermill ; 
but it is an undoubted fact, well known in the village, that Col. 
Westbrook did have a papermill there, and marks of the dam are 
still to be seen, a few rods above the present gristmill, at a narrow 
place where the stream could be easily and safely dammed. Both 
banks are ledge rock, and on the south bank there is a gap blasted 
out to receive the capsil, and on the other side there is a large iron 
rod standing in the rock, probably to secure the other end of the 
capsil. It is said that when the millpond below is drawn off the 
foundation timbers of the papermill are yet to be seen. 

Whether Richard Fry had any connection with this Strandwater 
mill, we have no means of knowing, but there is a tradition that 

1875.] Early Papermills of J^ew-England. 163 

there grew up a dissatisfaction among the English worlcmen about 
their -wage?, and tliat ihey stole and secreted 6onie important jiai-ts 
of the machinery to prevent the running of the mill, and that dupli- 
cates were procured from England. This tradition was eingvJarly 
vei-ified more than a century aiter the occurrence. In plowing on 
tlie neighboring farm, now occujded by the state reform-school in 
18-1:5, Mr. Carter, the owner, turned up an iron press plate, formerly 
used in the old-fashioned paper machinery, and answering to the de- 
scription of some of the lost pieces. This is now in the possession 
of the writer. There can be but little doubt that this easting is 
a part of the machinery of this ancient mill, the first in Maine (ex- 
cept, perhaps, that on the Presumpscot which, was built at about the 
same time), and these Avere the only ones for seventy years later. 

A\'aldo' and ^\'estbrook must have purchased the right to manu- 
facture paper of Henchman, as his right was exclusive, and probably 
made him their selling agent, as there was no market nearer than 
Boston. AVestbrook's Strandwater mill was burned, but there is no 
tradition of the fate of the Presumpscot mill or macliinery. 

The third papermill in Maine was built by liobert H. Gardiner 
and J(>hn Saveln. jMr. Gardiner came into possession of the large 
1. nded property bequeathed to him by his grandfather. Dr. Gardiner, 
of IJoston, when he was but five years old. He was graduated at 
Harvard in ISOl, and came to Gardiner to live in 1803. He was 
desirous to have the unused waterpower on the Cobbassee stream 
utilized, and projected a papermill. In order to carry out his pur- 
pose he visited Milton a few years after, and entered into an arrange- 
ment with John Savels, who had learned the trade of a papermaker 
at the ''upper mill" in Milton, then owned by Wilham Sumner, 
uncle to Savels, and also uncle or great-uncle to Senator Charles 

I have no date of the building of this upper mill. What informa- 
tion I have I casually learned from jNIrs. Nudd, of Gardiner, who is 
a daughter of !Mr. Savels, and was twelve years old when her father, 
with his family, came to Gardiner. Of course she has a distinct re- 
collection of the papermills in j\Iilton and their owners at that time. 
"\\ hen John Savels came of age he left the upper mill and went to 
work for Tiles ton & HoUingsworth, who had and still have a miU 
near the site of the ancient mill at the lower falls. 

It was in 1811 or '12 when jNIr. Savels came to Gardiner and en- 
tered into partnership with Mr. Gardiner. They immediately built 

• The inJastrious and observing journalist, Parson Smith, records in Jane, 1743, ten years 
after, alluding to the proparatioii for the papermill, " Mr. Waldo came to town with an 
execution a.Minst Col. "NVesthronk for ten thousand five hundred pounds and charges.* 
Mr. Smith mentions Col. Wcsthrook's death in Feb., 1744. Judge Freeman, the compiler 
of the journal, whose fiUher administered on Col. W.'s estate, says in a foot note, " Ho 
died of a broken heart caused by Waldo's acts who led him into large land speculations and 
then struck upon him in an unfortunate time." 

Waldo's execution swept off all of Col. Wcstbrook's large property, including his splendid 
seat, which with all iiia other laada were set off to Waldo, and were held by his sons for 
many years after. 

164 Earhj Papermilh oj JS'cui- England. [April, 

a mill and commenced the manufacture of paper, — ]\Ir. Savels liavinfT 
the management, hut within a few months the mill was hunied. So 
earnest were the pro])rietor3 to establish the business permanently, 
that the mill was rebuilt in aixty days from the burning ; and they 
commenced the rnanulacture of wricini;- pajter, which wad continued 
until ISi^O, when ]\Ir. Gardiner sold his interest to Savels. In 1824 
the name of the firm was changed to ^'Savels, Cox & Co.," — 
afterward to "Moore, Springer c^ Co." The mill under the original 
firm's management paid twenty j)er cent, profit, but ]\Ioore c^ Co. 
run the capital all out in six or seven years. Then a new firm took 
the mill, one of wliom was a sou of Savels one of the original 

Li 1836 Mr. Richards, son-in-law of ^Mr. Gardiner, and ^^Ir. II. 
B. Iloskins, now treasurer of the Gardiner Savings Bank (from 
whom I have received valuable information), formed a copartner- 
ehip and built a new mill on the old site. Mr. Hoskins had been a 
clerk for Mr. Gardiner, and afterward his managing agent for several 
years. The new firm was successful, and continued the business 
until the melancholy death of Mr. Ivichards in 1858, three days after 
his arrival home from Europe. A son of Mr. Bichards is one of the 
present firm at the same locality. ]Mr. Savels who first made paper 
at Gardiner died there in 1824, at the age of about fifty. 

In 1823, iMi'. Cox, who had sold out his interest in the Gardiner 
mill, Mr. Cahdn Spaulding, the now venerable bookseller of Hal- 
lowell, and Glazier, Masters & Co., then an entci-prising publishing- 
firm of the same town, entered into copartnership under the firm 
name of " George Cox & Co." for the purpose of manufacturing 
paper. Cox learned his trade with Tilcston & Ilollingsworth, at 
the old mill in Milton. The firm built a mill on seven mile brook in 
Vassalborough, which was finally burnt in 1848 and never rebuilt. 

There was a papermill in North Yanuouth, Maine, built in about 
181G, by Harris & Cox brothers, and was run by the builders about 
five years, making both writing and wrapping paper. The company 
failed, and the mill went into the hands of "William Band and Calvin 
Stockbridge, and was successfully carried on by them for about fifteen 
years, when the new inachineiy and improved process gave the new 
mills the advantage and this mill was closed. Josiah F. Day in 
181 G commenced manufacturing paper in the town of Union, Me. 
This mill was burnt in 1813. In 1845 Messrs. Day & Lvon started 
a papermill at Congin in Westbrook. This Congin mill met the fate 
of nearly all the old mills, — it was burnt in about 1852. Conirin 
Falls is now entirely occupied by the well kno^vn Cumberland paper- 

It is interesting to trace the practical skill of the English paper- 
makers, whom Ilenchman of Boston and Westbrook of old Falmouth 
brought from England, and of llazelton of the British regiment 
(whom Boies procured to start the old Dorchester mill in 17GU), in 

1875.] The Bennet Family of Ipswich, 165 

ite descent througli Savels and Cox to the Gardiner, Va?sal})oro', 
Conuin and .several other papcrmills in ^Taine, and indeed through- 
out all New-England. 

The present jtroccss and nviehincry for i)apennaT<ing are very dif- 
ferent from those tl^en eniploycd, yet if tiiey could be regularly traced, 
they -vvoiild undoubtedly be found to have been perfected stop by step, 
and the knowledge to have been handed down from artlzan to ap- 
prentice boy in regular succcssiou through a period of 140 }eurs in 
Mae.sachusetts and ^ilaiue. 

Such is the history of the early papermills of New-England, 
aud such was tlie conunenccuicnt of that now invaluable and exten- 
Bivc branch of New-England productive industry on which so many 
ihous.anda now depend for support. 



By John M. Bradbcrt, of Ipswich, 

N the Register, vol. xiv. p. 120, is printed a copy of the will 
of John Perkins, sen., of Ipswich, and in this document, dated 
March 2^, 1(354, the testator mentions a daughter Lydia Bennet. 
but without rlluding to her husband, and intimates that she then 
Lad children. 

The early records of Ipswich are too imperfect to afford any 
assistance in the search for the name of her husband, but the 
records of the county of Essex show that a Henry Bennet bought a 
farm in that town in 1G54, and that he and at least three of his 
sons were Hving there 1G83. As his eldest 8(m Jacob, in a deposi- 
tion taken in 1676, gave his age as twenty-f ve years, Henry Ben- 
net must have been married full three years when the will of John 
Perkins, sen. was made, and this makes \t jyossihh for him to have 
been the husband of the testator's daughter Lydia. 

Following up this slight clue, we find that the Essex Court nles 
furni?h satisfactory proof that Lydia was the name of the wife of 
Henry Bennet, of Ipswich, as will be seen from the following depo- 
eilion anil testimony copied therefrom. 

The D.:-po.>ition of Ll-ldua Beuit agged 3G yeas who saith that the 
last lecture day at't>.T I c-uue home I saw EHzabech Giiter take Elizabotli 
Linckliorne under her Anne aud caried her out of the house our sonti 
Jacob al^.tut an hour after they scutUeing agaia went to part them and 
Eliz'.ii'eth a-uer had liim let her alone or she would give him as much: so 
goodwite Linckliorne maid answer to the boy : She will be the death of 
my Dame or you : no said t'ae Elizahoth gator I will not be the death of 
them ; but I will be the utath of thf e. 

taken vpou oath Aur. 27 1CG9 before me Samuel Svmonds. 
15 ' 

166 The Bennet Family of Ipswich. [April, 

The testimony of Uenioniln IMorgin 20 j-ers beinq; at Henery Beiiets 
house the .>:iine \iriic I herd Klizahetli Cater call Elesaboth LenekhoriiO 
Careu aud Jaetl ami so Cared her out of dors aud I lierd Elezabetli Gater 
say she would bo the deth of Lenekhonies* wife : after when Lenckhoru'? 
wife was com from Mr. Simonsis whar .she had ben f';r a warant the said 
Gatter fell foi;ell of her againe and so she swounded away and I tocke her 
vp : furder Saith Not. 

Swornc in Court bed at Ipswich 

the 28 (2) 09. As Attest Kob Lord clerk. 

Though the name of the town ia which the above mentioned 
assault took place is not given, the reader will perceive that it must 
have occurred in Ipswich, since a warrant was so speedily obtained 
from ?ilr. Symonds, afterward deputy -governor, whose home was in 
that town. 

No record has yet been found which asserts a direct relationsliip 
between these families of Perkins and Bennet, but in the Essex court 
files are documents, used in a law-suit in which Henry Bennet, of 
Ipswich, was plaintiff, and John Stanian, of Hampton, N. H., defend- 
ant, that furnish indirect eviilencc of such relationship. Among the 
papers relating to this suit is a letter of Bennet, in which he ad- 
dresses Stanian thu- : " Louing Coazcn John Stanyan After my 
love remembered to you and to my cousen these few lines is to lett 
you understand," &c. 

The phrase " and to my cousen *' unquestionably refers to Stanian's 
wife, and the use of it seems to indicate that the connection was on her 
side, for had she not been related to Bennet, he w^ould not have been 
likely, in a business letter, to allude to her at all. She was Mary, 
daughter of Thomas and ]Mary (Perkins) Bradbury and niece of 
Lydia (Perkins) Bennet; and this letter is signed ''Your loveing 
Uncle Henry Bennett." 

In this connection it may also be mentioned, as having some 
wei'^ht, that of the five hnoicn sons of Henry Bennet, three bore the 
clu-lstian names of the three brothers of Lydia Perkins ; the other 
two took the names of their father and his brother. 

From what is above written it is certainly reasonable to conclude 
that Lvdia, the daughter of John Perkins, sen., became the wife of 
Henry Bennet, of Ipswich, and in what fijllows iu this paper this 
conclusion is held to be true. 

The age of Lydia Bennet as given in her deposition above, — thirty- 
six years. — is not consistent with the statement (Register, x. 213) 
that the youngest child of .fohn Perkins, sen., of Ipswich, w^as about 
seven years old at the time of his emigration. The contributor of 
that article seems to have assumed that in the will of J. P. sen., 
the children are named in order of seniority, so that Jacob being 
named last is called the youngest. The probability is that John 
Perkins, being a mcml)er of the Boston church before May 18, 

* William Unckhom, or Lincoln, then of Gloucester. 

1875.] The Bennet Family of Ipswich. 1G7 

1G31 , — tlic date oF his becoming a rreeman, — '.vould not Lave delayed i 

tlic baptifui of a child, Uviuu; ^^heu lie arrived in this country, till \ 

June o, l(J;i2, the date given by Savau;o for the bjjit.'.-ni of his ;' 

daughter LyiHa. The rs-i.der will perceive that Ijvdia Ikiuict f-tate.-i i 

her age without the usual qualification " about," aud it may there- j 

fore be coii.-^iJercil certain that she was less than thlrty-sevoti years | 

old at the date of the deposition. U'his could carry her birth no 
farther back than the last of April, Idoi^, eo that she nuist have been j 

ba[)tizcd ^vheu but a few weeks old and of course she was burn on J 

this side of the Atlantic. \ 

Xot nuicli can be told of Henry Bennet and his descendants ; the jj 

little tliat ha^ been gathered from the various accessible records is | 

here appended. I 

1. IIknkv' Bexnet, born in England about lC2i), vras in this \ 

country as early as 1G50. In the latter part of that year or eaily in \ 

1051, he married Lydia, daughter of .lohn and Judith I'erkiua, of j 

Ipswich. She died perhaps before 1G72; and he married, sect^nd.* | 

^lary (Smith) Burr, the widow of John Bun*, who wa.s her second | 

husl)anJ. iler first husband vras Philip Call. She was a daughter \ 

of Ivichard Sjnith,f of Shropham, co. Norfolk, England, and dird | 

perliap-- before her Irasliand, Jan. 12, 1707-8. The date of hio • 

death is not known ; he was living Oct. 3, 1707. \ 

In 165 4 he bought of Jonathan "Wade a farm of two hundred acres i 

eituated in what is now the south-eastern part of Ipswich, and hav- k 

ing for its southern boundary Castle Xeck Creek, part of the pre- \ 

sent dividing line between Ipswich and Essex. The other bounds 1 

were on lands of ]Mr. Symonds, Mr. Sakonstall and the Eev. Xath'l | 

Kogers, This farm he occupied more than foity years, and sold it i 

but litrle changed in bounds and area to John "\Vainwright, in IGI'8. | 

He was usually styled Fanner Bennet, and besides his homo- \ 

stead he held considerable land on Tlog Islard, Castle Neck and \ 

Plum Island. Although he made many conve ances of land, \ 

It) (2 to IGlhS, the name of his wife Lydia appears on none of his ] 

deeds ; the first deed signed by his second wite is dated ]May 1-1-, | 

1G>«0. His name is found in the list of the commoners of Ipswich i 

\n lt>i4 ; iu l^'i'^oi^ he w;is one of the signers of tlie Ipswich petition ! 

to the general court, disapproving the action of the Massachiiscits 
authorities in opposing the king's commissioners. In 1G72, his : 

brother AVilliam Bennet, a vintner of Bishopsgate, London, died, 
and left him by will one hundred pounds sterling. 

^ The collection of this legacy, throui^h the ofliciousness of one of 
his neighbors, caused him considerable trouble. Ilariakenden Sy- 

• W'ithont doui.t: hefore Teb. IS, 1078-9, iit ^v■a;^•ll .late he was a commoner oq the ri^h: 
of Philip Call, whose vvitlow w;is the dcvifce ot'hii estate. 

t This is an iiitVrence Ironi the l'infru:)gcof adeed, dated At)ril 9, 1658, from this Ricbnrd 
Smith, to his r^on Richard, of Ipswi'.h, sln/jleman. who is " to pav oi\ Nov. 1, 1'i.jS, to hi.s !>ro- 
t)icr-in-l:r.v Phillip C.iil, of ShrophJrn, eo. Noiiulk. EiK^lnr/i, aLrlie now dweliiiiL' hoine of 
the said Richitrd iu Ipsu-ir-h." Evideutly PhiUp Call came over ia the summer of 16JH, 
and bronsht l!ie d<;cd with him. 

168 The Bennet Family of Ipswich, [April, 

nionds, who appears to have been scekiuf:^ an occasion to go to Eng- 
land, ofi'ercd to collect tlii>-^ one huntlied pound.i fur the modest com- 
mission of fifty pounds, which otler wad of course refused. Ho 
then made a second pro[)0&al lo collect the amount of the legacy for 
ten pounds, to wliich iJcnnct replied that if he eni[)lo3'ed hira he 
"would give huu ten |)(>und.-=, and if he didn't he should ''be at liis 
liberty what to give him." 

On this blight encouragement Symonds went to England and began 
negotiations with the executor of ^\'illiam Ijcnnet's will, but although 
he brought his highly respectable frimds in Essex up to London to 
endorse him, he mudc no [irogress in the business f u- lack of proper 
authority to give a full discharge on payment of the money. He 
therefore wrote to Bennet for a letter of attorney, which he would 
not send him unless his father would become bound for him ; thi3 
the elder Symonds declined to do. Symonds however remained in 
England, waiting fur the letter of attorney and keeping up the show 
of agency for Bennet, until he learaed that the executor had paid the 
legatee's bill of exchange in favor of a merchant in Boston. Soon 
after his return Symonds brought a suit against Bennet for damages 
as well as services iu which he was not successful. In his statement, 
sworn to in court, he says he was in England "better than fifteene 
months, and was absent from Xew-England and the occations of his 
family above one yeare and nine months." This was tlie visit of which 
Savage tells that he (Symonds) "was living at Wethersfield in 
England in 1672 ; " and adds, "nor is it known that he ever came 

Another suit in which Bennet was a party, was brought against liim 
in 1684, by Mr. Daniel Epps, for enticing away and harboring his 
Indian boy, Lyonel. But the boy had been regularly indented to 
Bennet by his grandmother and uncle, who had been living on Epps's 
bounty, and had promised to give the boy to him. The case is in- 
tere.' ting as showing tlie condition of [)crhaps the last Indian family 
that lived in Ipswich. ?>lr. Epps lust the case and appealed to the 
general court, but probaitly did not prosecute the appeal. 

The indenture of the Indian ])uy i.> the only document pertaining 
to Bennet's afl'airs, yet found, which bears the signature of a mem- 
ber of his first wife's family, — Jacob Perkins, brother to Lvdia, 
having signed as a witness, and Jacob Perkins, Jr. subsequently 
•endorsing on the instrunent tliat he was present when it was signed. 
But the families were nor neighbors, Bcnnet's farm being more than 
two miles from the village where the Perkinses lived, and this suffi- 
ciently accounts for the secnu'ng lack of intercourse between them.. 

He was a voter in town allairs in 167i.>, but does not appear to 
have ever become a freeman. 

Mr. Bennet was und'.ubtedly a shrewd, sagacious, energetic man, 
though his education seems to have been quite limited. He had 
disposed o^ his real estate some years before his death, and living lo 

1875.] The Bennet Famihj of Ipswich. .169 . I 

a quite advanced ape, perhaps bcconiin;^ the second time a widower, < 

he probably settled his own atlhirs by distributing,^ his property j 

among his childrou. Certainly there is no Avill of his or any ad- j 

miiiistration of his C5t;.ac on record. I 

His children, as far as known, were all by his first wife and born : 

in Ipswich. J 

2. i. Jacob, b. 10.51. j 
ii. JoH-V, b. 1G55 ; killed at Bloody Brook, Sept. 18, ]C7i». | 
iii. "William, b. 1G57 ; living at Ipswich 1C85. 4 

3. iv. IIl.nuy, b. IGGL ^ J 

4. V. TnoMAS, b. | 

Stephen Bennet died July, 1G80, and Boiijamin Bennet witnessed a d'ed ] 

in 1692. These may have been sons of Henry Bennet. \ 

2. Jacob' Bennett, born 1G51 ; died March 5, 1085-0. Ho J 

married about 1075, Sarah , who out]i\ed him. His fnthcr • 

conveyed to him by deed of gift, ]\larcli 1, 1082-o, Hfteen hjts u\' \ 

uj)land and marsh on Hog Island. He had probably occupied this j 

fann for ?ome years before he came into possession of it, and had \ 

ids home on it at the time of his death, which was very sudden. | 

"Walking with hi- frther a short distance from his house, lie Ji.ll i 
forT\"ard oi^ the ice, groaned " but spoke no word, and was presently 
quite dead." Daniel Epps and Harlakenden Symonds were on the 
jury of inquest. 

After his children had come of age they joined with their motticr 
in deeding their patrimonial estate, which then comprised twenty-one 
lots, as originally laid out, to Thomas Choate, an ancestor of the 
late Hon. Kufus Choate, who was born on the island where this farm 
is situated. The date of the deed is March 4, 1704-5. 

His children were : — 

i. Jacob, b. Oct. 9, 1676. 

ii. Sarah. 

iii. Stephen. 

iv. !Maiiy. 

V. Ebenezer, b. June 20, 1686 ; died young. 

3. Henry^* Bennet, bom 16G4; married. May 20, 1085, Fen- 
ces, daugliter of John and ]Mary (Smith) Burr. He marrieil, .sec- 
ond, Margaret . His children were : — 

i. :Mary. b. March 3, IGSo-G. 

ii. Frances, b. vSej-t. 3, 1G04. 

iii. MARrrAUET, b. ^larch 22, 1G97-3. 

iv. JoAX.VA, b. Oct. 7, 1701. 

V. Lucy, b. Nov. 29, 1703. 

4. Thomas'* Ben-n'et, bom ; mamcd, perhaps 1692, 

Elizabeth , who died Sept. 21, 1731. He died 1700. In 

1602 his father deeded to him a small portion of his farm, which the 
widow as administratrix sold in small lots at varions times tiom 
1702 to 1707. It is not known that he had any children. 

VOL. X5IZ. 15* 

170 Ezra Green, M.D. [April, 



(By Com. Geo. IIenuy Phf.ble, U.S.N.) 

In June, 1775, tlic Sunday after the IxUtle of liuukcr IIill,Dr.Ezra 
Green, in the capacity of surp^con, joined the Aiiicrlcan army, tlien 
under the command of Gen. Artcmas AVard, and was stationed with 
Eeed's New-Iiauipsliirc rcirimcnt on Winter IJill in Charles to^A-n. 
Here he received the small j. ox by inoculation, and was secluded in 
the hospital at Fresh Pond, Cambridire, for seventeen days, returning 
to his regiment in camp on Winter Hill the 20th of ^Nlarch, 177G. 

After the evacuation of Boston by the British, he left with our 
■army for Xew-York, going by way of Providence, Norwich and 
New-London, where they embarked. Having remained in Xew- 
York a few w-eeks, they proceeded up the Hudson to Albany, thence 
Tdy batteauxto Saratoga ; landed, and marched to Lake George ; re- 
mained about a fortnight ; went down Lake George in battcaux, 
stopped at Ticonderoga ; thence proceeded by Lake Charaplaln to 
St. John's ; thence to ]Montrcnl, and joined Arnold. There the 
army suffered greatly from sickness, lie was with the troops which 
occupied Mount.lndcj^cndcnce until December, when, on the advance 
of the British under Sir Guy Carleton, the American forces retreated 
to Ticonderoga. 

The following letter, addressed to his friend Mr. Nath'l Cooper, 
at Dover, Xew-Hampshire, graphically describes the situation of 
the American army at that time. 

Dea.r Sir : '^^^'' ^^^^'^9^> Got. 30, 1776. 

I mast beg your pardon for trouhlinrryou with so many of my letters, 
but I am a good ileal at leisure, and ?o lucky an opportutiity of conveyance 
offers, that I can't let it without sending you one line or two. Since 
my last, our Fleet is destroyed, of which I suppose you have heard, but 5 
Tessels remaining to us" out of IC sail. The eno-agement began on Friday 
morning, October 11th, and held out all day. They surrounded our Fleet, 
but in the night succoeihng the engagement they very narrowly and fortu- 
nately made their e?cape and came up towards Crown Point, but were 
overtaken and attacked again .Sunday morning, within about 25 miles of 
this place. Our men fought bravely, but the enemy were of so much 
greater force than we h:i<l any suspicion of that our" little fleet stood no 
chance; most of the vessels lost wore hlown up. sunk, or burnt bv our own 
people, they escaping by lanil. "We lost, killed, about 50 ; taken" prisoners, 
about 100, which are dismissed on parole. The Indians have done us no 
damage till very lately they waylaid three men, kdl'd one, took the other 

' Dr. Green's Dinry while or. ho;ird the R.tnc^^rwas pricteJ in the January Eomber of the 
KEGiarEH tor 1875 {aiUs, pp. 13-2ij.— [Editoe,]. 

1875.] Ezra Green, M.D. 171 

two prisoners, who are sent back on parole. They were treated very 
kiudly bv thu Indians as well as by the King's troops who were at the 
time at Crown Toint within 15 miles of this place, wheic they have been ever 
since the destruction of our Kb^'t. Wc have lately been alarm'd se\eral 
times. On iNIonday morning last, there was a proper alarm, occasioned by 
a numbor of tlio e'nomies boats which hove in Bight, and a report from a 
Ecouting party that the Knemy were moving on; whore the Fleet is "o^^- I 
can't learn, or what is the reason they don't come on I can't conceive. 'Tis 
thought thov are 10 or 12 thousand strong, including Canadians and In- 
dians. We' are in a much better situation now than we were fourteen days 
ago, and the militia are continually coming in. Our sick are recovering, 
and it is thought wo are as ready fur them now as ever we shall be. There 
has been a va"t deal of work done since the fight, and we think ourselves 
in so good a position that we shall be disappointed if they don't attack us. 
However, I believe they wait for nothing but a fair wind. In my next, I'll 
tell you more about it. In the meantime I am yours to command. 

Ezra Green. 
My respects to your lady and love to your cluldren. 

P. S. 1 have some thought of leaving the army and joining the navy, 
provided I can get a berth as surgeon of a good continental ship or a pri- 
vateer. Should lie glad if you would enquire, if you don't know, and send 
wc word what Incouragement is given ; and let me know if any ships are 
liiting out from Portsmouth, and you'll oblige your friend, E. G. 

Dr. Green remained with the troops which occupied Mount Inde- 
pendence until they left the position in December, when he returned 
to Albany, and there left the army and returned to Dover, New- 
Hampshire. All through the following summer, he was afflicted 
with fever and ague, but in October, 1777, accepted an appointment 
as surgeon of the continental ship-of-war Eanger, then fitting out in 
Portsmouth, N. H., under the command of Capt. John Paul Jones, 
and nearly ready for sea. They sailed, as his diary shows, on the 
1st of Xovembe'r, 1777, for France. The following letter, written 
to his friend Mr. Cooper, describes the passage out. 

On Board the Ranger, Peanheauf Road, 
«Sm: Dec. 4, 1777. 

By a Gentleman who is writing I have an opportimity just to present 
my respects to yourself and lady, and to inform you of my safe arrival at 
Peaubeauf 27 miles below Nantz on the 2d of December current, after a 
passage of o2 days. Our people all in good health and high spirits. ^\ e had 
as good weather as we could wish 'till within a week of our arrival. In the 
Bay of Biscay we had a very heavy Gale of Wind, but it continued but 
about 43 hours. Saw but one ship of war, and she was in the chops of the 

English Channel, with a Fleet under convoy. 1 have the happiness 

to inform you of the Capture of two Brigs, on the 25th and 27th of No- 
vember, both from •Malaga laden with wine and fruit, which on my own 
and friends account could wish with all my heart were in Portsmouth, New- 
Hampshire. They were ordered to some part of France, but have not yet 
heard of their arrival. There is nothing new here. The French say but 
little about a war, being very intent on getting money. Here are a number 
of vessels fitting out for America in the trading way. The news of Gen. 

172 Ezra Green, M.D. [April, 

Burgoine affiiir got here just before us, and before this time is iu all parts 
of Euiope. 

I dou't expect we shall go from this Place tliesc six weeks, as there is a 
great deal wanting to be dono to th., ship iK'fore she will go to sea arrain. 
It seems probable to me that she will Ijo ordered directly back to America, 
as Boou as may be. Jn the meantime I am, 

With the greatest sincerity & respect, 

Your humble servant, 

E. Gkeen. 
Flease to present my best regards to Susy', & love to your little chil- 
dren, & salutations to all enquiring Friends. 
Mr. Nathaniel Cooper, of Dover, 



Dr. Green continued in tlie Ranger until lier return to Portsmouth 
in October, 1778, when he letl hcr7an(l returned to Dover. 

When the Eanger was refitted in the following spring, under the 
conmianJ of his friend, Capt. T. Simpson, he rejoined'' her as sur- 
geon, and sailed in her on a cruise in company with the "Warren, 
22 guns, Commodore J. B. Hopkins, and ()uceu of France, 28, 
Capt. J. Ohicy; the hitter a Frencli ship, which hud been purchased 
at xS antes for the American government. 

While on this cruise, in March, tiicy captured a privateer schooner 
of 14 guns, and on the 6th of April the schooner liibernia, of 8 
guns and 45 men, and tlic next morning, off Cape Henry, six more 
of a fle(.'t of nine vessels, viz. : the ship Jason, Capt. Porterfield, 20 
gims, 1,50 men; ship :\Iaria, letter of marque, IG guns, 80 men, 
cargo of Hour, 6cc. ; and brigs Prince Frederick, Patriot, Bachelors 
John, and schooner Chance, all laden with stores for the British 
army. Among the prisoners taken was a Colonel Campbell, and 
twenty-three army officers of lesser rank, on their way to join then- 
regiments at the south.' All these vessels were brought into Ports- 
mouth, N. H., three weeks after the squadron sailed from thence. 

On another cruise, the Panger, still connnanded bv Simpson, in 
company with the Providence, 28, Commodore xi. ""Whipple and 
Queen of France, 2S, Capt. J. P. Knthburn,' on the 17th of Julv, 
1779, when on the Br.nks uf Xewfoimdland, fell in with tiie Jamaica 
fleet, homeward bound, consisting of one hundred and fifty sail, 
convoyed by a ship-of-the-line, and several cruisers, and succeeded 
in capturing eleven large siiips, of seven to eight hundred tons, 
three of which were re-taken ; but seven of them, whose car-^oes 
were estimated to be worth $1,<JOO,(HjO, were broui^ht safely In to 
Boston. All Boston was alarmed at the sight of the little continental 
squadron and its prizes,— ten large ships standing directly into the 

' This was Susannah Have', whom he suli-oqucntlv married. 

' Emmons's PIi.-torv U. S. N.ivy, 177';-lJ).j;5. 

' The Quocn of Fr.mcc. Vr<>v[.hm-c .m.i Kmi-er. all three under the sam" commanders 
were sunk at Charleston, S. C, Mav 12, 17S;.. l,v the British SquucIronVl^e; th^t^it S 
surrendered to the lorces under bir lieun- CJiutun. ' ^ 


Ezra Green, M.D. 


harbor, — believintr tlicin to be a British fleet. The buildings were 
covered M-'dh spectntors. The cargoes, consisting of rum, sugar, 
logwood, piiucuto, t'ic, were delivered one half to the government 
and one half to tlie ca{)tors.* 

On liis return from this successful cruise. Dr. Green resigned 
his po.-ition as surgeon of the Kanger in iiivor of Dr. Parker, of 
Exeter, and returned to Dover. 

In 1780 ho sailed on another cruise in the xVlexandcr, Captain 
]\IitehclI, M guns, but they accomplished nothing. In 1781, the vessel 
havidg b(;cn fitted up as a letter of marque, under Captain Simpson, 
lie went in her to Fredericksburg, Virginia, and they took thence a 
load of tobacco to I'Oricut in France, lie returned in the xVlcxander 
to tiie rnited States in the autumn of that year, wliich concluded 
his revolutionary services. 

I>R. GIIEEN'S private life AXD CIIARACTEll. 

(By Walter C. Green.) 

My father. Dr. Ezra Green, 
was born in iNIalden, Mass., June 
17, 1745, and, after he was gra- 
duated at Harvard College in 
1765, he commenced the study of 
medichie and surgery with Dr. 
Sprague, of Maiden, finishing liis 
course with Dr. Fisher, of Xew- 
buryport. He then went to Dover, 
Xew-Hampshire, to reside, in 
1767, where he was in successful 
practice up to liis appointment as 
surgeon in the army. Dr. Green's 
five years service in the army and 
navy I need not describe, it having 
been already narrated by Commo- 
dore Preble. 

About the same time that Dr. 
Green went to reside at Dover, his 
friend the Rev. Jeremy Belknap, from Boston, was by unanimous 
vote invited there and ordained minister of the Congregational Society 
on a salary of £150, payable semi-annually, and there he preached 
for eighteen years. This small pittance being inadequate for the 
support of himself, his wife, two sons and two daughters, he asked a 
dismissal, and returning to Boston, he was soon settled as minister 
over the Federal Street Society, and there remained until his greatly 
lamented death, June 20, 1798, at tlie early age of 55 years. Dr. 

» The Rev. Dr. Lotiirop's Centennial Sermon at Dover, N. H., June 23, 1846 (Appendix). 

174 Ezra Green, M.D. [April, 

Belknap was my fatlicr's next-door nei!]^libor, and the close intimacy 
so enrly coiumcucod between the two families, never abated during 
their lives. 

When Dr. Green and tlie Kev. Mr. Bclk-nap went to Dover, my 
dear mother was ci-ht yeans of age, and \>cuvj^ of a lively, pka- 
eant disposit'on, ainl quick apprehciipion, with an ai-ilent fondness 
for books and study, she early enlisted their kind offices in the di- 
rection of her various studies ; and to them she was largely indebted 
for her excellent education. 

On the loLh of December, 1778, my father was married to my 
moiher, Susannah Hayes, of Dover, by the Kev. Jeremy Belknaj). 
This fortunate union remained unbroken, save for his absence during 
the remainder of his service in the navy, until it was severed by her 
death, — a period of fifty-seven years. 

In a letter from on board the Ranger dated March 12, 1779, Dr. 
Green wi-ote to his then young married wife : " I never felt so un- 
easy on account of your absence. I pray we may not long bo 
separated from each other, but as Providence seems to have pointed 
out this to me as a duty, I desire to pursue it cheerfully and with 
good couiage, and I know you would not wish me to turn or look 
back, and I wish you all the happiness of this world and that to 
come." As soon as he had discharged the duty here mentioned, that 
is, on the termination of the revolutionary war. Dr. Green relinquish- 
ed his medical practice to his friend and successor, Dr. Jacob 
Kittredge, to whom he gave his surgical instruments, books and 
medicines, and then commenced a mercantile business. 

Early after this he was made post-master in Dover, vrhich office 
he voluntarily resigned after several years of faithful duty. 

Dr. Green was made deacon of the "First Congregational Ortho- 
dox Society" in Dover, and was a most devout, unfailing attendant 
on all Sunday or week day religious services, despite the adverse 
weat ler of severest cold or snow of winter, or scorcliing heat of sum- 
mer. My ftither's religious education gave to his early and 
middle life a degi-ee of asceticism that controlled his thoui^hts and 
conduct; but from this in his later years, with a wider ranrre of re- 
ligious and theological information, and with greater experience and 
reflection, he happily emerged into broader views of the truths of 
Christianity. These gave him fresh vitality, and added a more o-entle 
influence and sweetness to his character. 

In the year 1827, Dr. Green, with many others of similar reli- 
gious belief, withdrew from the First Congregational Church, and 
formed the First Unitarian or Second Congregational Society 
in Dover. In the affairs of tlie new society, though nearly 80 vears 
of age, he took an active and prominent part, and especiallv in erect- 
ing, during the year 1828, a large commodious church,' in which 
the Rev. Samuel Kirkhiud Lothrop soon after was called to preach 
as the ftrst pastor of the society : presiding in that ministry with 

1875.] Ezra Green, M.D. lib 

satisfactory zeal and fidelity for five years, until 1834, when he was 
called away to a ^vidcr field of usefulness, to the j)astorship of the 
Brattle Square Church in Boston, Avherc he happily officiates to tliid 
late day with no diminution of ai'dor and faith. 

Dr. Green and family were Ibnd of friendly eocial intercourse, and 
his docrs ^\"re ever cpen and largely frequented by the refined and 
cultivated persons of both sexes, who appreciated their society and 
liberal hospitality. 

In the various aflairs of the town, he took a lively interest, and 
under his charge tlic first school-house was built ; and for educational 
and religious purposes, tiie dissemination of the Scriptures at home 
and abroad, and support of the ministry, he was always a willing 

From time to time ho served as selectman, or as surveyor of the 
highways and by-ways, and now and then as moderator at the town- 
meetings, where the clashing parties of Federalists and Democrats 
met, with passionate party feelings, which at times raged with scarce 
contrullable fury. 

From active mercantile business in 1811, he sought that domestic 
quietude with his devoted wife and family he so fondly cherished, 
and ihere he largely indulged his taste in reading to their ever atten- 
tive ears. He was no hum-drum reader, but with a clear VDice and 
superior elocutionary powers he rendered his various readings pleas- 
ingly attractive, and this was his fondest daily enjoyment, up to the 
very verge of his prolonged years. 

My dear mother had but a feeble constitution, yet I never laiew 
her depressed in spirits. Her well-stored, retentive memory made 
her society attractive to the old and young who frequented her house ; 
and as a wife and mother, she was in all her duties w^atchfully dili- 
gent and greatly endeared by her family. Her life was that of a 
liberal Clii'istian, and she awaited her exit from this world with 
patient resignation, and in the happy belief of an immediate entrance 
into a future life of an endless duration and happiness ; and thus she 
passed away, on the 3d of April, 1836, in the 77th year of her age. 

During those early times it was the prevailing fashion, whatever 
the hour of a frieiidly call, to invite the guest to imbibe as he miiTht 
prefer from the several potations before him. The custom was a per- 
nicious one, and when the temperance societies sprung up, Dr. 
Crreen, though always a most temperate person, was the first to 
enter his name on the list of "total abstinence,'"' not from the least 
necessary restrictive requirement on his part, but because he hoped 
it might prove an ctlicient example for many of his fellow-townsmen, 
who were infiuenced and demoralized by this habitual indulgence. 

He had no craving desire for official position or for public noto- 
riety. He was, however, honored by several governors of the state 
with a commission as justice of the peace, and Avas also chosen one 
of the delegates at large, and chairman of the state convention for 

176 Ezra Green, M.D. [April, 

the adoption of the constitution of the United States. His vote 
gave a majority in its I'avor, an event of profound iniportaucc for 
New-Hampshire, to which the otlier a>'.senting states were k>oking 
for this hoped for result, '.vitli no small doubt and distrust of feeling. 
He had a fond taste for horticulture, and in his garden it M'as 
his daily enjoyment to spend a few hours in healthful exercise, 
where he gloried over his various fruits and delicacies. From his 
wife's farm of 150 acres, four miles from town, most of the staple 
necessanes of life were produced, so that at his table, where there 
was no needless waste, there was a sufficiency to satisfy the keenest 
appetite or most dainty palate. His garden at one time had moye 
than thirty peach trees, most of which were killed by an untimely 
snow-storm in June, when they were in full blossom. The few 
which escaped during my boyhood I well remember for their luscious 

He was no less fond of pomology, and during the fall season he 
took me behind liim on his horse A\'hity to the tarm to assist in car- 
rying the implements for ingrafting his young thrifty apple orchard, 
and with oager eyes I v, atchcd the tound sokcted brancli from which 
with fine saw he lopped off the upper portion. Next with mallet 
and eliistl midway the stalk was cleft fur tlie Avedge-cut scion's in- 
sertion where the two barks met to catch the up flowing sap in sprin'T. 
Then with trowel the plastic clay was overlaid to hold firm the 
scions against the rude blasts of winter, and then the flaxen tow was 
wound around, and last of all a bandage deftly fastened, and all so 
artistically done, as iu a few years well repaid him with its ample 
fruitage. Several trees were grafted with scions cut from an aged tree 
in Massachusetts, the bark nearly destroyed by the wood-peckers, and 
hence its name of "Pecker- Apple." It attained a large size, re- 
sembling the well-known Baldwin, though firmer and handsomer ; and 
when ripe in mid-winter, it was with its crisp golden pulp and juicy 
flavor the most delicious apple I have ever eaten. 

Dr. Green was an ardent patriot and Federalist, a brave and con- 
sistent champion of that independence he had helped to win, and a 
zealous advocate for that constitution he had aided to establish. 
From early life to the last he was an opponent of the institution of 
slavery, and predicted that sooner or later the free and slave states 
would be involved in a hitter controversy on that account. That he 
was spared the realization of his fears, was a mercy to his sensitive 

In his mode of life he aimed at no ostentatious show. Polite and 
affable in his deportment, he won the respect due to courteous man- 

In personal appearance and contour of face, he was not unlike 
Gen. Washington, fur wiinm he was often taken while in tlie army. 
In stature he was six feet three inciics tall ami proportionatelv large 
in frame ; and whether walking or sitting, he always maintained a 

1875.] Ezra Green, M.D. 177 

very erect position. The woodcut enn;raving which accompanies 
this sketch roprosents Dr. Green at the age of fifty-five years, 
and is a very perfect outline likencts. Tlic steel engraved por- 
trait of Dr. Green wliich also accompanies this number of the 
Keoisteu, is intended to represent him at the age of one hundred 
years. lie had a so uid, vigorous constitution, strengthened and 
preserved by uuiform temperate habits, daily physical exercise, 
early hours for retirement, and rising with the opening day. At 
the age of 82 years he ffll and broke his thigli bone where it entered 
its socket ; and little did he or his physician bcHeve that at his ad- 
vanced age it would ever unite, as it did after several months con- 
fmeuKut'to his bed; so that in the course of time, with the aid of 
crutdi or cane, he was enabled to hobble about liis house and garden, 
and occasionally to attend church. 

Ten vears niore had nearly elapsed, when another more serious 
accident bcfol him. From an early morning stroll in front of his 
housc, he came in doors, and standing by the window reading, was 
suddenly prostrated backward to the floor, seemingly, to him, by a 
violent blnv,' on his cranium, and so wrenching his spinal column, as 
deprived him ever after of all power of locomotion. llappUy this 
accident was unattended with pain, and there in his cosey easy chair, 
with books, papers, &c. around him, his days and years flew apace 
without weariness or complaint, and with that sweet serenity of mind 
and calm christian patience which won the most devotioned care and 
aficctionrite love of his t^vo only surviving daughters. 

From his personal friends, he had frequent social visits, and from 
strangers not a few, from far and near, attracted by his venerable 
age, or a desire to hear him recount his varied experience during our 
revolutionary war. Groups too of merry children, for whom he had 
a kindly fondness, came often with tasteful flowers to greet him. 
Such indeed was his uniform gentleness of disj)osition, and lively 
intere -t in all pubhc and domestic affairs, that he left questionable evi- 
dence on the minds of not a few strangers, as to the extreme old 
age attributed to him. 

Here, in conclusion, I will add that, on learning my dear father's 
ii.dispt.:>ition, I hastened to see him, and found him suffering some- 
what, as it seemed, from the effects of a cold and cough. To gratify 
me he took some homeopathic pellets I recommended, smilingly re- 
marking that such an infinitesimal potion could neither kUl nor cure. 
Finding himself the next morning mucli relieved, he exclaimed 
that that was not what he desu-ed, '"for it has been my diiily prayer 
the last year to my Heavenly Father, to take me to himself, and I 
believe he has kept me here a year longer, for my ceaseless impor- 
tunity." Whereat I asked, have you not enjoyed your usual good 
health and the happy intercourse with your devoted daughters and 
friends? O yes ! that I have, and every worldly comft>rt and enjoy- 
ment I desire, but now I long to depart. Like the late renowned 

VOL. XXIX. 16 

178 Ezra Green, M.D. [April, 

jMr3. ]\rary Somcrville, of P^nglaml, he dn-adod the possibility of his 
physical powers outliving his mental faculties ; anil then said, "what 
an incubus I should be to my loving daughters, who would tiieu 
■wish me in my gva-\'C." 

Happily wa? it that he was exempt from all those fretful, fractious 
feelings to wliich aged people are oceasionaliy subject. Such was 
his universal cheerful temperament and mental activity, that his death 
to his idolizinij daughters was no less frrievous than that of a motlier's 
over a darling child ; and so it was, that this emmently good and 
venerable man's prayer was soon after my visit indulged, and on 
July "ih, 1847, he expired at the very advanced age of 101 years 
and 20 days, retaining to his last hour a clear unclouded mind, and 
with the full faith and confiding hope of entering a future world of 
progressive improvement and happiness. 

On the one hundredth anniversary of Dr. Green's birth-day, the 
28th of June, 184G, his former friend and pastor, the Hev. Samuel 
Iv. Lothrop, of Boston, preached in Dover a commemorative dis- 
course* on this event, and from its appendix I make the following 
extract : — 

Dr. Green is still able to employ himself with books for several hours 
every day. He reads tlie jjapers, and keeps himself well informed upon all 
public affairs, and retains his interest in them. As an e\"idence of the de- 
claration that '• the intellect and the lioart have been slightly touched by 
time," I am permitted to pul^lish the following extracts from a record, made 
in my journal, of an interesting inter\iew had with him after service on the 
Sunday on which the sermon was preached. I had said that he was so well 
and strong that perhaps his life would still bo prolonged some years ; to 
which he replied — '• I know not how long T may live. * Death was always a 
very solemn and affecting thing to me. When a young man nothing affected 
or impressed me so much as a funeral. It has been so through life and is 
so now. I contemplate death with awe. It is a solemn thing to die, to 
exchange worlds, to enter upon an untried, spiritual, eternal state of being, 
of which we can form no adecjuate conceptions. To appear before an 
omniscient God, to account for the deeds done in the body, all of them, 
through a long life, is a solemn thing; I feel it to be so — I have always felt 
it. But I thank God that I am ahle to contemplate him as my Father in 
Heaven. Through Jesus, the mediator, I have hope in his mercy, 
and a perfect trust in his paternal gooilness." * * * * 

These observations, and others in a similar strain, were made spon- 
taneously, with pauses in which he seemed to be collecting his thoughts, but 
with only a single question put to him on my part. I publish them, not on 
account of the particular religious opinions which thoy express, but for the 
evidence they afford of the unai)ate<l vigor and activ^ity of his intellect at the 
age of an hundred years. I have gi\en very nearly his exact words. He 
was much affected during the utterance of these sentiments, and evidently 

^ The Coxsolation3 of Old Are. I A | Sermon | Preached at the | First Unitarian 
Church, in Dover, N. H. | On the '2Stli of June, LSi'!, | Beinj: the One Hiirnircdth Birth-t'av 
I of I Ezra Green, M.D. | The Ol.hj<t Livini; Gsaduiuc of Harvard College. | By S. K. 
Lothrop, I Pastor of the Church in Bnutle Sciu:ive, Boston: | 1&16. | Eastbum's Press. | 
[8ro. pp. 25.] 

1875.] Ezra Green, M.D. 179 

spoke from the borf cm of an earnest and sincere heart. The interview was 
exceedingly intpre,tln£^, and left ou those present the irapression that he was 
ripe for the Kiii-doni of Heaven, and that an old age surrounded by so 
many comforts, with the intellect and the heart so little impaired, was not 
so sad and gloomy a period as we sometimes imagine. 

In Jiinc, 18 IG, he received the following letter from Daniel 
Webster : 

TVAsniNGTON, June 17, 1840. 

My Dear Sik: — I hope you remember me at that period of my life, 
when I was in the habit of attending the Courts at Dover, and when J had 
the pleasure of enjoying your society and liospitality. 

And T hope that in subse<iueut life I have made some efforts which you 
have approved, for the maintenance of those poliiical principles to which, us 
a friend and follower of Washington, you have ever been attached, and 
which 1 have heard you so often and so intelligently defend. This is the 
day* on which you complete the hundreth year of your age. Will you allov? 
me, therefore, to greet you, to-day, with a respectful and friendly letter, 
couL^ratulating you on the degree of strength, mental and bodily, which 
PriTviilence aUows you to enjoy, so far beyond the lot of man, and tender- 
\v.g to you my cordial and affectionate good wishes for your continued health 
and haiipiness. I send you a copy of a speech lately made by me in the 
senate, and remain, dear sir, 

Your friend and obedient servant, 

Dr. Ezra Green. Daniel Webster. 

To my cousin the Hon. James D. Green, of Cambridge, Mass., 
I am indebted for the following authentic annals from his manu- 
script volume, in the New-England Ili.^toric, Genealogical Society 
in Boston, relative to his and my father's earliest progenitors. 

Dr. Green's earhest ancestor who came from England to this country, 
was : 

1 James^ Green, yeoman, 24 years. He was an inhabitant of Charles- 
to\\r,, 1634, and admitted freeman of the colony in 1G47, purchasing lands 
and settlmg in " Mystic Fields," since called ]ilalden. He died March 21>, 
1687, aged 77 years, leaving a widow and two sons, John and Janies. Af- 
ter a proper provision for his widow and son James, he willed his " lands 
and JiousLng thereoii" to his son John. 

2. John' (James^), the eldest son of James, was born about 1650 and 
died at the age of .59, leaving a widow, three daughters and one son, 
Samuel, to whom, after providing for his widow and daughters, he by will 
gave all his lands in Maiden and Charlestown " to him and his heirs for- 

3, Samuel' {John,* James^), who was born in 1679, was a representative 
of the town\ in the general court in 1742. His wife died at the age of 72, 
and he died February 21, 17G1, at the age of 82, leaving four sons: James, 
John, Timothy and Ezra, and one daughter, Mary Dana. To his beloved 

♦ Mr. Wchstcr fixed the date according to the " old style" of reckoning, which explains 
the apptu-<.>nt discrepancy between his statement and the date named in Dr. Lothropa 
sermon.— [EL'tTOPw] 

180 Ezra Green, M.D. [April, 

eon Ezra, he by will gave all the remainder auci residue of his real and per- 
sonal e'^tate, he p-iying liis dcl>ts, funeral cxjienses and the various bequests 
to his oilier children and granddaughters. 

4. Ezra* (Samuel,^ John,^ Jop^'^s^), ••vas born in 1714, and married 
Sarah Hutchinson, who died July 7, 1741, at the age of 2G years. His 
second v,lfe, Eunice Burrell, of Lynn, died October 20, 1760, aged 47, 
leaving tv.'o sons, Kzi.-i and Bernard. For his third wife, he married IMary 
Vinton, by whom he had one son, Aaron. Said Ezra Green was deacon of 
the church in Maiden, selectman and representative in the general court 
during the years of 1700, '61 and '62. lie died April 23, 176s, at the age 
of 54 years. By his will, after providing fur his beloved widow Mary, he 
gave to his son Ezra twenty acres of land in Chelsea, and about five acres 
near " Penny Ferry," apart from what he had paid for his collegiate and 
medical education, and the gift of a horse, which he deemed equivalent to 
the homestead, real and personal (except what he had disposed of to 
his son Aaron, besides his collegiate educational expenses), which he 
bequeathed to his son Bernard, making as it did the fifth generation, and 
embracing more than two hundred years since its first purchase by James 
Green in 1610. 

Dr. Green was in his second year's naval service, when, by the Rev. 
Jeremy Belkrnp. ho was married to Susuuna Hayes in the twentieth year 
of her age. She was then reputed to have been quite handsome and a great 
favorite with all her a<^quaintance. She had a delicate and petite figure, nut- 
brown hail', and shaded bright hazel eyes which lit up her regular cut 
features with a winning expression, which played over a soft transparent 
complexion, lovely as a fresh-blown rose. 

Her father's will, making his estate reversionary in the event of his 
daughter's decease vrithout issue, happily placed her and her husband in no 
such unpleasant dilemma ; for in the brief time of nineteen years, thirteen 
■children were born to them, viz. : 

i. Er^•Icz, b. Julv 1, 1780 ; d. Oct. 7, 1762. 

ii. Reuben Hates, b. Aug. 20, 1783. 

iii. Charles, b. March 26, 17S5 ; d. April 5, 1854. 

iv. Deborah Shackford, b. March 20, 1787 ; d. May 7, 1860. 

T. Sarah, b. Oct. 19, 1788; d. Nov. 2. 1874. 

vi. Sa3(uel, b. Jan. 4, 1790 ; d. Jan. 23, 1791. 

vii. Martha, b. July 13, 1791 ; d. Nov. 25. 1792. 

viii. EcNiCE, b. Oct. 8, 1792 ; d. May 25. 1839. 

ix. A Daughter, b. July 15, 1794; still-born. 

X. Martha, b. June 9, 1795 ; d. Aug. 3, 1795. 

xi. A Son-, b. April 27, 1796 ; still-born. 

xii. Samuel, n. Oct. 5, 17:^7; d. Nov. 3, 1S23. 

xiii. Waltetv Cooper, b. July 1, 1799. 

My mother's earliest paternal ancestor* in America, 

1. John* Hates, is said to have emigrated from Scotland about 1680, 
and settled in Dover, New-Hampshire. He a grant of land in 1693. 
By his wife Mary Horn, he had seven sons and three daughters, viz.: 

2. i. John', b. 16S6. vi. Williau, b. Sept. 6, 1698. 

ii. Peter. vii. BENJAiiiN, b. ,1700. 

iii. Reuben'. viii. A Dalchter, m. Phipps. 

iv. IcHABOD, b. March 13, 1691-2. ix. A Daughter, in. Ambrose. 

V. Samuel, b. March 16, 1694-5. x. A Dalchter. 

* I am mainlr indebted for the annils of my mother's paternal ancestry to Jolm R.Ham. 
MJ)., of Dover, N.H. 

1875.] The First Minister of Mendon, Mass. 181 

2. Joitn' (/o/i/i*), married INIrs. Tomson, and lived at Tole-End, four 
miles from Dover curner.' He was a deacon of the First Congregatioual 
Society in Dover. They liad eight children, viz. : 

i. An.v, b. June 3, 1719. 

3. ii. llELiiEX, b. >hiy 8, 1720 ; d. 17G-3. 

iii'. JosEi'i', b. Mai'ii 15, 17'20. 

iv. Blnjamin, b. Murcli fi, 17'23. 

V. Mkuitauel, b. Dec. 11, 17"2j. 

vi. John', went to North Yaruioutli, Maine, to reside, 

vii. Elijah, wont to LVrwiek, Maine. 

viii. IciiAiiOD, went to Uerwick, Maine. 

3. Rr.unKN' {John* Jo/ui'), was born ^[ay S, 1720. lie lived at Tole- 
End and married Abigail Shackford, by whom he had only one child, viz. : 

i. SfSANNA, b. March 23, 1759. 

ReuLoii Hayes died in 17G2, at the early age of 42 years, and by his will, 
after a liberal provision for his wife Abigail, he gave all the residue of his 
estate, real and personal, to his only cliild Susanna Hayes, consisting oi his 
farm of 150 acres at Tole-End, with this reservation that, in case " his said 
danirhtcr Susanna, at her decease, should leave no issue of her body lawfully 
beg(,'tten surviving, then my will is that, my whole estate that shall then be 
remaining, both real and personal, shall revert and be divided among my 
four lirethren, namely, Benjamin, John, Ichabod and Elijah Hayes." 


By the Hon. Johx G. Metcalf, M.D., of Mendon. 

THE towTi of Mendon was incorporated May 15, 1667 O. S., 
and although the general court did not (as was usually the case 
in the early settlement of Massachusetts) enjoin them to. have an 
orthodox minister settled with theui w^Ithin a given time, neverthe- 
less they early turned theii* attention to the subject, as the following 
extracts from the records of the to^\^^ will show. 

At a town meeting held Sept 10, 16G7, '-Then ordered to build A 
minister's house for the Jirst that shall be settled hecre Antl a 40 acer 
bouse Lott layd to it of Land w"* all other nrotiitts and Privilidges 
and Meadow proportionable as anv other 40acor lotts shall iuive to him and 
his heyres confirmed to him and to sett it in the most convenient place in 
the Towue." 

'• April 24, G3. Ordered to send A Letter to give Mr. Benjamin 
Allot A call, w"" his father's leave, and A letter sent to that effect." 

The Benjamin Allot (Eliot?) here mentioned has always been sup- 
posed to have been the sixth son of the " Apostle of the Indians ;" 
but if the Genealogical Sketch of the Eliot Family of Xazing. as 
printed on p. 14,5 of the Register, April, 1874, is correct, this 
could not be, as Benjamin, tlie son of the apo.->tle, had already been 

VOL. XXIX. 16* 

182 TJie First Minister of Mendon, Mass. [April, 

in his grave ten years, dying, according to the "Sketch," Oct. 15, 
1657. Is the date of liis death correctly efated? However, the 
Benjamin Aliot, called above, whoever he may have l)een, did not 
put in an appearance, and nothing more was heard of him. 

On the same day the call was scut to Eliot it was " Agreed on then alsoe 
by the maior p'te of ye Inliahitaat? at tliis Townc ^Meeting that the Meeting 
house shall be sett on the highest side or p'te of the land wch is A high- 
way neere to Joseph White's saw pitt in his house lott and to erect it with 
all speede." 

" Sept. 25, 68. Att A General Towne ^loctinge It is ordered that the 
Selectmen doe take care to gett the JMeetiug house Erected in the Place 
formerly agreed on upon the best And cheapest Tearmes they can for the 
Good of ye Towue — the breadth 22 foote Square 12 foote Studd the Ruffe 
gathered to A 7 foote Square wth A Turrett. 

" October following we gave Job Hide an order to goe on w*^ the work 
w'** is heere incerted — The Towne then gave Deacon Hide leave until 
May the first .69 to settle w"' his family and Job alsoe. 

'• It is agreed on by the Selectmen for the more ease of the Poeple heere 
and the speedie carringe on of the building that Job Hide doe under take 
the whole warke for the well Managiue ot" the frame of the Meetinge house 
and for his Paynes and several days v/arke that hee shall doe at it shall be 
allowed 2'. 6"^. pr day, but not to deiluct it out of his or his tfather's pay 
for tLeire lotts but to Peceive it as wee can make it — And every person in 
Towne that can wark doe assiste him as much as shall come to ther Rates 
as heereafter shall be Agreed on for each lott to beare, whose affection to 
soe good A wark will be known thereby Carringe for God's glory and the 
Publique good, faithfully and speedily to perfectt it as the season will per- 

As nothing more is heard about building the meeting-house it is 
supposed that it was completed by Job Hide, although neither he 
nor his father removed to ]Meiidon. 

"ffeb ii. 69 : Agreed that the Townesmen [Selectmen] w'^ Goodman 
Alby, Goodman Harber & Waiter Cook doe see that the Minister's house 
be soeediiy set forward in gettinge all things in A readiness To buUd it and 
ereCL it where the place is Agreed on w"' the length breadth hei'mt w'*^ all 
dimensions formerly Agreed to to complcat it w"" speed And to finish it — 
to bee carryed on in A way of A Rate w'=^ is thought the best way to 
ease charges and speede tlie warke." 

" ]V[ay 10"' .69 The selectmen Mett & ordered the speedy carringe the 
ffrarae of the ^linister's house and that Tliomas Juell doe provide 400 of 
good Clapboards upon his owne accom{)t and bring them to the frame as 
Goodman Barnes and Goodman Read shall approve of and he is alsoe to 
bring 212 more clapboards upon Gregory Cook's accompt good and Mar- 
chantabie as y' said former persons shall Judge w"" in one Month after this 

" Ordered that Gregory Cook doe pay in Nayles in p'te of his Lot seven- 
teen shillings and eight pence in eiglit penny and the rest as the workmen 
shall see best beinge the full of his purchase." "■ Ordered that the Consta- 
ble doe take care that the orders aliout the Minister's house be complyed w"'." 

" June 5 .69 The Selectmen met and ordered that the Sellor under the 
Minister's house be forth w"* digged and that Goodman Steven Cook, John 

1875.] The First Minister of Mendon, Mass. 183 

Gurney And John More v/*'' Joicph Jiiell floe it an-1 two workc at a tymo 
untill i"t bo finished and that Gregory Cooke and Peter Aldcridge doe carry 
fitoues to the Sellor w'^''' are digged." 

" Jidy 14. The St'l(vfn!'^n"'M'-tt find ordered to send to the Constable 
to Sumnion before us Job Tiler the next iVyday at one of the clock at 
Gregf.ry Cool's hoiue to answer bis contempt of our orders as alsoe why 
he relu^eses to work on the Selor at the JMinister's house — at that tyme 
y* Constable Retourne his answer to us." 

"July 16. The Selectmen mett accordingly and the said Constable 
made his Retourne that he had warned Job Tiler before us — his answer was 
that he could not nor would come, but if the Selectmen had more to say to 
him than he to tlieni they might come to him. Upon this answer of Job 
Tiler's the Townesmen Resolved to make theire complaint, to tlie ^Magistrates 
of his contempt of scverall of the Selectmen's orders and of his jNIiscarriages 
of the Lord's day & at Fublique assemblies if he doe not Submytt, w'^*' he 
did not." 

At the eaine meeting (and we tliink it would do no harm if the 
law should be read, once in a while, now-a-daya) : 

" Ordered by us to Readc the law to y° youth to exhorte them to the due 
and careful observation of the Lord's day and that theire parents be desired 
to doe thoire duty herein for the promotiuge of God's glory, thelres and their 
children's food." 

" Ordered alsoe to allow to all that finde clapboards to y^ ^Minister's house 
five shillings for each hundred shaven and brought to the house good and 
Marchantable, and that Thomas Juell provide 200 and bring them to the 
bouse within three days after notice upon y'^ penalty of 2U3. because he 
hath so long delayed it ; and that he bring 200 more well shaven, good and 
Marchantable w^' all convenient speed beinge his due towards the house 
as is charged upon his lot to allow." 

The meeting-house and the minister's housa were probably com- 
pleted during the summer and fall, and, although Job Tiler Avas still 
contumacious, the town then proceeded to settle its first minister, 
as follows, viz. : — 

"Proposalls by IMr. Bunkley' [Bulkley ] to the Towne of Meudon 
in behalf of Mr. Emerson, his Sonn-in-law, to be settled to him. ffirst;. To 
give him forty five pounds y and for the two first years payment As fol- 

" Tcnn pounds at Boston y and at some shope there, or in money at this 
Towne — the Remayning of the hafe yeere to bee made up Two pounds of 
butter for every cowe the rest in Porke, wheat barley and see to Make up 
theyeares pay In work, Indian Corn, Roy, Pease and Beefe. 

'• 2. For tlio third yeere after he is settled to be payd fifty five pounds y 
and soc as God shall Ina'ole them. 

" 3. The house to be iLade fittinge to come into w"" all convenient 
speede w'-'* two fire places and A little leanto of sixteen foot in length w'** 
a C'lamney as a Kitclien Towards Goodman Cook's house — for Islv. Emerson 
to contribute something to it, the Towne being not willing to do it alone. 

" 4. To gett for him Twenty Corde of wood yeerely. 

" 5. Then if Mr. Emerson come and Inhabitt, dyinge in the Towne or 

» Of Concord, Miisa. 

184 The First Minister of Mendon, Mass. [Apri], 

enter into ofTico. t)icn to have the said iiouse and the forty Acor lott and IMea- 
dow to It w*-'' all other privileges and Divisions .^[ade or to be made to that as all oiher lotts of that bi-ness shall have, settled to him and \v~~. 
hevres forever and see liecorde<i in the T.nvne Booke. This boin^r A.sent- 
ed^to by the Inhabitants of IMendun, ^fr. Emerson will settle with'them. 

' Lastly It IS Agreed that if the Maior j)'te of the Poeple luhabitin're 
rteerc shall carry it s.e unworthily Touan is Mr. Emersou as that there 
cannot be A Kecoucihation Made Among them selves, Then it is heerebv 
unanimously Agreed to Refer the ditll-reace to the Churches of Metfeil-l 
Dedham and Kosbury to heere and Determine it. And if it shall be by 
the said Churches judged for Uv. Emerson to leave and Depart the Town^ 
yett he shall enjoy the house and land A hove ex})ressed to him txnd hi^ 
hejTes forever otherwise he ia not to leave the Tovvne and his labours 
heere During lite. 

Dated December tlie first Anno Dom. '69. 

John AJderidge Joseph AVhite Jobe Tiler 

John Parris Poeter Alderidge Will. Croune 

John Ihomson, Jr. John Thomson, Sen^ Grerrorv Cook 

Walter Cooke ffardinandoe Thayer John Ilarber 

Samuel Read John ]More John W-Qodland 

John Rookett Steven Cooke IMathyas PuHer 

bam: bpencer Abraham Staples Joseph Alderid-e 

Thomas Juell. '^ 

I assent to this Wittnes my hande Joseph EiiEnsox." 

Mr. Emerson continued to be minister of the town until 167.5 
when, in consequence of King Philip's war, the town was deserted' 
and, soon afterward, burned by the Indians. AVhen the inhabiwuts 
returned m 1660, Mr. Emerson did not return with them. C^uite 
hkely Mr. Emerson might have died before the return' of the iiih-- 
bitants, as we find, under date of Nov. 19, 1683, the following record : 

"Mrs. Elizabeth Browne, Relick to Mr. .Joseph Emerson, fo'^rmerlv of 
Mendon, Debter to A lowne Rate baring date 24 A'ovember, 1683 ' 


m Sarah (Cuttmg) Ijrowne, wid of James Brown, the glazier, who S^^ove^^ to 
Salem from .Newbury and purohused an estato on Prison LaneT(nowSt Petei "s sirret 

rZ?V^"'r^ ''^"' .-'v 'f "'"■'-'■ V''V-^t"P''^^ ^^'='-''lcr-« lot. She was a dan of 
Capt. John Cutting ot N-.-wbury , and Urownc's second wife. Another dau v\^- 

?P 1- ^N"'^ ^^'- ^^^''"''' '>'^>''' ""^ ,^V'»'>"0-. J=unos, a son of James and S ^1 
(Cutting) Browne was a LdazRT and hved in Charle^town and Salem perha^i^n 

Browne about Mr. W iluaai llealey s courtic- their n>other, Sarrh Feb -^^ \f^^^ 
James then aged about :3r. ve^^rs T!).ro is another deposition of James ^Browne' 
i>. I3a, L. 18, state House tiks, \\ jtohcraft -"lunx-c, 

William IJealey (then ot" Koxhury) and two eldest chil. are mentioned in will of 
Elizabeth Moricke, wid. of Morricke (or Mernck) de^en.Tu Hin .h.m 
^now of Koxbur^V March U. IGIU. Prob. 5 (7) 1G50, co. luffol^! ProWlS 

H. F. Waters. 

-Edi-"^^ ^'^•''' ^^ " ^^^''^^'^ '° Concord and there died Jan. 3, 1630." {Gen. Did. ii. liS.) 

1875.] Transfer of Erin. 185 


By TH0KA3 C. Amory. 
(Continued from page 66.) 

I^ExVRLY twenty years of the last rcicn^ of the Tudors remain for 
compression within brief space. A general view of an histor- 
ical epoch often conveys move distinct idea of its form and pressure 
than details more minute. Readers engrossed with one subject or 
eager for information upon many have rarely taste or leisure for in- 
vestigation out of their accustomed beat, and to them even tins 
imperfect sketch of a period fraught with momentous consequences, 
not confined to the actual generation but {)erennial even to our own, 
may be of use. Tlie difhculty of sifting truth from error, where 
authority and evidence are so various, conflicting and often inacces- 
sible, can hardly be exaggerated, and demands allowance for mistake. 
Dcsuiuad'd contiftcations had little warrant from precedent. His 
ancestors wrested poi-tions of their vast domains from the septs, 
more had vested in their line by purchase, inheritance or grant. If 
in their veins flowed as large a measure of ]Milesian blood as of 
Nesta or Plantagenet, if to preserve what fell to their lot they were 
often engaged in rebellion, it was owing to tlic ties that bound Ger- 
aldinos and Burkes to the Irish chieftains, that England retained 
what hold she had of the island. Often before English lords had 
been subjected to fine and forfeiture or even decapitation, but their 
estates if sequestered \vere restored to their lineal heirs and pardon 
speedily followed submission. Gerald had been patient under injury 
and insult. Cast into prison, duped and trifled with by the queen and 
her representatives, it was in self-defence that he w^as provoked to 
resis ance, and then under circumstances more excusable than had 
often justified concession and forgiveness not to one race alone but 
to both. If smarting under wrong he hearkened rather to resent- 
ment than to more prudent counsels, no Geraldine experience in the 
past toreshadowed the approaching catastrophe in the irretrievable 
downfall of his house. 

In Perrot's parliament 1585-6 nearly all the septs and both races 
as we have seen were represented. Of the confiscated estates of the 
attainted earl and his kinsmen, Ormond, Raleigh and thirty more 
divided half the spoils, the rest being left to'possessors who had 
friends at court. But desolation brooded over Munster. From 
Tralee to Youghal extended a howling wilderness. Famine and 
pestilence were at work and wolves flittening on human flesh. War 
had penetrated far beyond pre^-ious limits. Artillery employed a 
century earlier, now greatly improved, had battered down wall and 
battlement. Castles in dilapidation, towns and villages in ashes, 

186 Transfer of Erin. [April, 

not even the cabin spared, what remained of the wretched inliahit- 
ants hid in caverns or clettsi of rock among the mountains, to pcri.~h 
of hunger and cold. Younger sons and otlier adventurers from over 
■ the sea eagerly resjiondod to the call of undertakers to colonize what 
once was the garden of the land, but dismayed at the misery that 
surrounded then), and the angry menace of the despoiled, speedily 
forsook these sorry substitutes for the comfortal}le homes they had 
left. More sanguine spirits favorably circumstanced to avail them- 
selves of the opportunities presented, bought cheap claims thus 
abandoned, and when the country nearly depopulated oflered safer 
abode, others equally enterprising flocked in. Contrary to the stipula- 
ted conditions, leases were made to native tenants who preferred to 
till for others their ancestral lands than starve. Later warg divested 
both them and their taskmasters, but numerous famihes still hold 
under titles derived from these Desmond confiscations. 

Burkes and Bingham were over nuioh for Connaught. The death 
of Sir Richard Burke lord of Mayo and husband of Grace O'^^Ialley 
led to a disputed succession. Bingham slew Thomas Roe and Rich- 
ard Oge of Lougli r\rask and Olirien of Castle Owen. Hostages 
were executed, helpless inhabitants plundered and massacred. The 
deputy remonstrated, but the council taking part with these severities 
suffered no interference. At Ardnaree, Bingham surprised at night 
an army of Scots come over to assist the Burkes, driving them with 
great slaughter into the ^Nloy, and never sated wherever he could 
with impunity he pursued his work of devastation and destruction. 

The most remarkable personage of the period was Hugh O'Neil. 
Whether his father Ferdoragh was son of the first carl of Tyrone or 
the blacksmith of Dundalk has never been determined. If the latter 
hypothesis be correct, he was an O'Kelly of Breggia and the other 
parent of Hugh was Joanna iSIaguire of Fermanagh. Born about the 
time his father was created baron of Dungannon, natural endow- 
ments of a high order, an amiable disposition with prepossessing 
manners and attractive person rendered the youth a favorite alike 
with his clansmen and with the queen and her court. The best 
schools afibrded him advantages which he carefully improved, and 
long residence near the queen and her ministers inspired him with 
confidence which was strength in his power to cope with them. 
Certainly in dupHcity and dissimulation he was frilly their match. 
He had married early in life an O'Toole whom he divorced ; Judith 
O'Donnel daughter of ]\[anus brought him seven children ; his third 
wife, the beautiful ]^Iabcl Bagnal, in 1591 eloped with him ; and his 
last who sui'vived him, daughter of ^lagennis, lord Iveagh, was his 
companion in exile at Rome, where he died aged and blind in 161G. 
Diu-ing his early manhood, subjected to jealous scrutiny, it was 
only in the army of the queen that he could acquire experience in 
arms. In I08O he took part in the expedition against the Spaniards 
at Smer^-ick, serving with distinction, and four years later with 

1875.] Transfer of Erin. 187 

rerrot and Omiond in that against the Scots of Ul^^tcr. Standing 
high in royal favor iu 1j67 he was created an carl and placed in })os- 
scssion of Tyrone, rerniitted to maintain in lus pay six companies 
he changed his men till tlic great hody of his clansmen hecamc 
cl\icient\n)!(liero. The lead inrported for his new castle of Dungan- 
non, in qiiantitios enfiicicnt to sheet the mountains, was run into 
halls. lie made friends of the i\iacl)onnels, fostered his eon with 
O'Cahan, and eoueiliating his vassal chiefs was elected and inaugu- 
rated the O'Neill at tl'ie rath of Tulloghugc. The tragedy of 
Fotherin^-ay quickening catholic resentment wrecks from the armada 
strewed liis shores. The rescued Spaniards found conUal welcome 
beneath his roof. And while careful not to excite suspicion, sub- 
se(|uent events proved the nature of their conferences and ^what were 
alr»-ady his desigTis. 

l\rrot angered Tyrconnel by gaining possession of Hugh Eoc its 
youthful heir by entieing him on board a merchantman laden with 
wine sent there for the purpose. Fitzwilliam his successor, after ac- 
cepting a bribe of six hunched cows from Mac^NIahon to reinstate 
him in his chieftaincy, hung him at his gate, parcelling out his 
ilomains for a price. MacToole and O'Doherty were held to ransom, 
on pretended charges, and by his rapacity and extortion he alienated 
wliat little afteetion remained for the queen. Ilcr execution in lol'l 
of Oliourke at Tyburn who had fled to Scotland exasperated still 
fartlier his northern neighbors. Her unscrupulous deputy connived 
at the escape of O'Dounel, who was retaken to liave better success 
two years later, when after indescribable suftering and manifold ad- 
venture he found shelter, half dead with cold and his feet frozen. 
lie repaired first to Tp'one, and when at home his elans welcomed 
his return ■v^'ith great rejoicing and elected him chief of T\-rconnel, 
his father aged and infii-m resigning in liis favor. 

That the two Hughs, one in early manhood, the other in the full 
vigor ' 'f his prime, at this period pledged themselves to cooperation in 
the cause of Ulster independence, admits of little doubt. Times 
were not ripe for overt act and O'Neil was wary. AVhen another 
Hugh son of Shane charged him with con-espondeuce with Spain, 
he proceeded to court, made liis peace with the queen, and returning 
hung his accuser. "When the ^laguires driven to desperation by 
the extortions of their sheriff were about to execute summary justice, 
Tyrone interposed for his release, and wounded in a hosting not 
long after with the deputy against that sept, he was pleased to have 
this evidence to show of his atlectcd loyalty- 
More out of reach, O'Donnel had less reason for disguise. "With 
Maguire he besieged Enniskillen, and defeating an army approaching 
with food for its reUef at what was afterwards kno\vn as the ford of 
l>iscuits, the to\\'n capitulated. AYhen however Sir John Morris, 
famed in continental warfare, was sent over to take moi-e eflicient 
measures, Tyrone confiding in his strength thrcAV otF the mask, 

188 Transfer of EHn. [April, 

storming the fort at Blaclcvvatcr and beleaguering Monaghan. Kus- | 
sell now deputy ibrccd him to raise the siege, but in an cngagcmcut ] 
at Clontibret, five miles otl", he killed Sedgrave, a knight of unusual ! 
strength and prowcsa, in single combat, and gaining the vict(.ry, 1 
Norris and his bfother being wounded, these places also surrenderetl. ) 
Whilst Hugh lv)e was cooperating in these movements, liurkes and 
George Bingham pluudcreil the monasteries of llatlmiullar and Tory 
Island, renowned for its churches, but qiuirrelling over theu- spoils, 
the latter was slain, and Sligo surrendered to O'Donncl. The neigh- 
boring clans, exasperated at the despotic sway of the governor, 
rallied to his banners, and most of the strongholds in Connaught fell 
into his possession. Going home for reinforcements, he returned to 
sweep havoc through the lands of whoever refused to combine 
against their common foe, and batlling all attempt of Bingham to 
stay his progi'css he destroyed tlie castle of SLigo, and establishing 
Theobald as chief of ISIayo, drove home his prey. 

Elizabetii hating expense, and her eftbrts to create discord between 
tlie Hughs having proved unavailing, had empowered Gardner and 
"Wallop in 1595 to negvliate peace. The chiefs demanded full pardon 
and reparation fur the past, free exercise of their religious rites, and 
that no sheriff or gamson should come within their borders ; and 
after Clontibret, Ormond and Magrath on a like errand were au- 
thorized to make these concessions. But after deliberation the chiefs 
responded that reflecting upon the number of princes and chiefs who 
confiding in insincere promises had been deprived of life or robbed 
of their patrimonies, and fearing the promises now made might not 
be kept, they had decided to reject the overtures. 

When event disnppointed expectation recourse was had to change 
of rulers, and Lord Brough, now deputy, directed Conyers Clifford 
who had superseded Bingham to attack the enemy at the west. 
Thomond and Clanrickard, always of one mind, joined him and laid 
siege to Ballvshannon, a principal abode of O'Donncl, who with 
MafTuire and OTiourke forced them speedily to retreat. TyiTel and 
O'Connor with four hundred men near Muilingar, annihilated Barn- 
wall with a thousand ; Clitfurd with seven hundi'ed was driven back 
while on his way to join the deputy. Brough had seized Portmore, but 
was defeated at Driunfluich near by, himself and Kildare dj'ing of 
their wounds, and tlicir army retreating by iS'ewry to the pale. 

Ormond now lord lieutenant and friendly to T\Tone was du-ected 
to negotiate a peace, and the earls met at Dundalk. The old terms 
again demanded were reported home, Thomond and Clanrickard 
being joined as negotiators. Tyrone gtayed hostilities in Leinster, 
caused Ormond's brother to be released by O'Moore, provisioned 
Blackwater and lus ])ardon was signed in April. But the English 
renewiufj- the war and Bagnal invading Ulster, Tyrone gathered his 
army of seven thousand foot and fifteen hundred horse, and having 
despatched fifteen hundred into Leinster prepared to storm the fort 

1875.] Transfer of Erin. 189 

at Blacbvatcr as Kc could not for lack of artillery reduce it by 
rcfrular approaches. 

Bagnal, with ahout cipial nnuibcrs marchlnfr from Arina'di on the 
l)ri;^lit luorniug of the tcntii k)^ Aii^uj^t, near rortmorc was saluted 
by volleys from either side of tlic defile through whieli he was ad- 
vaueiiig. Prcssiug on his cavalry he charged up to the lines behind 
which Tyrone and Tyrconnel wcrccntrenclicd, but became entani^Icd 
iu pits dug and crtvered with wattles to embarrass them, Thuir 'ams 
were battering the cntrenehments with promise of success, when a 
I)owder-oart exjiloded in their ranks creating confusion. The Irish 
l)(>rc down on the cavalry of Brook and Fleming, the columns of 
AVingfield and Coshy were shaken, and the English routed fled toward 
Armagh, losing on the field and in their retreat twenty-five hundred 
men including Bagnal, and all their artillery, guld'and banners. 
Newry and Armagh surrendered and Ulster was set free. 

Our historical ^ym]iathies lean naturally to the victors who were 
d'Jlnding their hearths and altars, for in the cause of human rights 
and independence they are excusable even where against our own 
Cou:i(ryuicii if forging fetters for the free. There could be no jus- 
tification f .r the attempt to reduce Ulster to a conquered province. 
It had been tried and signaUy foiled. It had cost vast expenditures 
of life and treasure, and now except the trembling gan-isons in Dub- 
Im and Cork, Ireland was Irish. Leinster eliiefs levied tribute 
under the walls of the capital, and when O'Moore marched into 
Desinond the southern chiefs and Geraldines Koches and Butlers 
rose in arms and joined him to expel the undertakers. 

Essex, sent in April, 1599, Avith twenty thousand men to retrieve 
this disaster, the Irish in arms being about equal in number, after 
hunuhation at the pass of plumes took Cahir and marchino- toward 
Uimenck was defeated by the MacCarthies and Geraldines at Crome 
and ehased back to Dublin. Later he ordered Clifford to join him, 
jvho with two thousand men in the Carlo w mountains was routed and 
.unself slain by O'Donnell and OTlourke. Dismayed, he at- 
tetnpted parley. Tyrone demanded what he allowed was reason- 
able. Init fretted at a scolding letter from the queen Essex vrent home 
witliout leave and was soon beheaded. T\Tone the idol of his eoun- 
trj-mrn made royal progz-ess to Holy Cross. The chiefs flocked to 
prect him. He put the white knight and liis son-in-law Dono^h 
^cLarthy in chains, an,l perhaps unfortunately replaced Donal bv 
±iorence, who had married in 1588, Ellen dau^iter of the late ear'l 
of Clancarthy, as :\IcCarthy :\rore. But Charies Blount now sent 
over to take command wa> of other sort than Essex. His force was 
as large as that which his incompetent predecessor had wasted. Dow- 
cra had four thousand men in Derrv, Carew governor of Munster 
three thousand. O'Neil and Tyrccmnel were active and discourao-ed 
Blount from pressing Ulster, His policy was to sow disaffection, and 
la tins he unliapp.ily too yvell succeeded. By dealing moderately 

VOL, XXIX. 17 ^ o J 

190 Transfer of Erin. [April, 

with religion and holding out expectations as a snare, he weakened 
resistance. He bought Neal Garb O'i^onncl, Art O'Xeil son of 
Tirlogh, one of the rival INIagiiires and Dcrmod O'Connor wliose 
wife was daughter of the late carl of Desmond. Florence 
I^IacCartliy, ^\ho like Tyrone had acquired tlie art of dissimulation by 
his long sojourn iu London, with more ci'aft than wisdom played 
fast and loose to save his own and his wife's inheritance, and it was 
said through her attaclimeut to the queen he was lost to the Catholics. 
It was without benefit, since of his life forty years were passed as a 
prisoner, most of them in the tower of London. 

James Fitzgerald, called tlie sugan or earl of straw, claims brief 
attention. It will be remembered that the sixth earl who died in 
1482 was set aside for marrying from affection the lovely Catherine 
McCormack. A century later James the fourteenth or rebel earl 
married his cousin Juan, daughter of Maurice the mad lord Fennoy. 
After his succession to the earldom he repudiated her on pretext of 
consanguinity, and his successor the unfortunate Gerald was Kid son 
by Mora O'Carrol. Sir Thomas Euagh by Joan, lord of Kil- 
nateloou and Ca:-tlcmorc, died in 1505, and James his eldest son 
was now recognized by many as seventeenth earl. Of noble pre- 
sence, high honor and generous disposition, he stood the higher in the 
esteem of the catholics, that lira cousin James son of Gerald 
had apostatized. His career of adventure and vicissitude has been 
subject for romance, and the devoted affection of his brother Jolm 
towards him constituies a noble trait midst the treacheiy and double 
dealing of the period. He married Ellen Fitzgibbon. When in 
hiding near the castle of his father-in-law the white knight, he came 
near being surprised, and his mantle left behind in his flight indi- 
cated who had escaped. Lord Barry bearing a grudge against Fitz- 
gibbon, with Dermod O'Connor brother-in-law of the protcstant earl 
then a prisoner in London, reported the circumstance to the lord 
president, who held him responsible for the capture of his son-in- 
law, and paid him a thousand guineas for effecting it at Aberlow. 
James w-as carried to London with Florence McCarthy, and in 1608 
ended his troubled life in the tower. His brother John called coimt 
of Desmond died in Spain seven years later, and his son Gerald in 
Germany in 1632. Thomas of Drogheda, eighth Desmond, son of 
the first usui-per mentioned, died in 1467 on the scaffold; the 
fourteenth owed his succession to the murder of the court page 
his predecessor, and his son Gerald expiated these usurpations, and 
his own over his brother Thomas Kuagh in his decapitation by 
O'Kelly at Glenakilty. Florence McCarthy, prince of Carberry, 
though greatly indebted to his brother-in-law Owen O'Sullivan for 
his marriage with Ellen the heiress of Clancarthy, and for his elec- 
tion as McCarthy ]More at Holy-Cross, had by help of this same 
Dermod O'Connor betrayed him to the English government, and he 
too was at the time a prisoner. His imprisonment prevented his 

1875.] Transfer of E tin. 191 

taking part In the war, and he retained his estates till his death in 
1G23 at an advanced age. 

lilount eniploved the summer in an expedition into Ulster with 
little result, and in Xovembcr, after constructing a fort at the 
Mowry [)ass where he had encountered Tyrone with no advantage, 
withdrew- to return the next June to as little purpose. Ilis design 
was simply to prepare for an invasion later when roads should have 
been opened, strong points fortified and the conjuncture more propi- 
tious. ]Most unfortunately as it proved in September thirty-four 
hundred Spaniards under U'Aguila took {»ossession of Kinsale, whore 
O'Sullivan Beare, O'Connor Keixy, and Driscol joined him, all the 
other chiefs having made submission to Carew the president keeping 
aloof. Blount besieged Kinsale with 15,000 men. Tyrone and 
Tyrconnel marched G500 to its relief. They intended to refresh 
their troops after this long march before engaging them in combat 
against such odds, bnt on Christmas eve were surprised by the 
Knglish who were on the alert against surprise themselves, and after 
a long and obstinate resistance at disadvantage were defeated losing 
two thousiiud men, the rest elfecting their retreat back to Ulster 
immolested. Ivinsale capitulated and the Spaniards sailed away. 

Carew for fifteen days with four thousand men battered Dun- 
boy the chief castle of O'Sullivan Beare, defended by a garrison 
of one hundred and forty under their heroic commander Mageoghan, 
who bleeding to death was about to blow up the castle w-hen killed. 
O'Sullivan Beare fought his way with diminishing forces to Leitrira to 
join Tyrone, and when all hope of retrieving afliiirs was over entered 
the Spanish sei-^-ice and was created count of Bearehaven. Blount 
followed Tyrone and Tyrconnel into Ulster. The former set on fire 
bis castle of Dungannon and retired to the neighborhood of Stra- 
^ bane. Here he held his pursuers at bay till the following spring, 
when, all his chiefs subdued and his country devastated, he met 
Blount at ]Mellifont tenderins; submission on condition of receiving 
full pardon, free exercise of religion for himself and Ulster, re- 
grants to himself and the other northern chiefs of their respective 
territory, except six hundred acres about Blackwater. He agreed to 
surrender his son Henry as hostage and admit sheritTs. His proffer 
was accepted. During the negotiation Queen Elizabeth died at 
Greenwich, and when on the thirteenth of ^Vlarch the treaty was 
consummated at Drogheda, James the son of the unfortunate Mary 
of Scots had succeeded her on the throne. 

Starr. — Person?* who have reason to think they are descended from Comfort Starr 
who settled in Middletown, Conn., in 1673, or have any information relating to him 
or his de:?(?endanLs, are req^ueeted to send their address to the undersigned, who is 
collecting inlurmation for a history of the family. F&ank E. Stase. 

Middletown, Conn, 

192 » President Wilder s Address. [April, 


Delivered at the Annual Meeting of tlic New-P^n./Lwd IIistouic, Genbalooical 
SociKTY, January 0, 1875. 

Genixemen of the Society : 

With thanks to the Giver of all good, and acknowledging Him 
as the source of all life, light and {)0\vcr, I desire to present you my 
most hearty congratulations on the commencement of a new year, 
and the preservation of so many of our lives to the present time. 

Impelled by a sense of duty, as well as of crraiitude for the confi- 
dence reposed in me, I accept the otlice with which you have honored 
me for so many years, and to which you have again elected me. 

We this day enter upon the duties of another year, praying that our 
own lives may be spared, our energies increased, and our labors be 
abundantly rewarded with success. But while I congratulate you 
upon the increasing and beneficent influence of our association, 
we should not forget that wc have sustained greater losses of 
distinguished members than in any former year. In my address 
of last year, I brought to your notice the decease of several 
officers and members who had taken an active and prominent part 
in our proceedings, and now I have the sad duty of adding to that 
starred roll the names of Fillmore, Perley, Upton, Farrar, Lee, and 
Shurtleff, all of whom had filled the office of vice-president, or 
honorary vice-president of this society. These, with others who 
have taken a less prominent part with us, have fallen in the great 
battle of life, and passed away never to return. 

" One generation comes, 
Another goes, and mingles with the dust. 
And thus we cume and go, and come and go, — 
Each for a little moment hlling up 
Some little space." 

And now that the labors of our lost associates have ceased on 
earth, let us cherish a remembrance of their devotion and virtues, 
and amid the frailty of sublunary things, let us be consoled by the 
hope, that when wo shall have finished our pilgrimage here we 
may be permitted to join them in that better land and better life, 
•where none can die, and where the record of our mission here shall 
be merged in the record of a life of immortality. 

Appropriate action has been taken, and resolutions of respect and 
condolence have been passed by the society in regard to several of 
our departed friends ; and memoirs of them, with portraits, have been 
published in, or are in course of preparation for, the New-England 
Historical and Genealogfcal Register. 

We have thus been called to part with a larger number of those 
■who had held official position than in any year since the formation 

1875.] President Wilder's Address. 193 

of the society. During this period of thirty years we have lost 
twenty-one vice-presidents and honorary vice-presidents, being at 
the rate of less tlian two per year, while in the last we have been 
deprived of six members who had occupied these positions. But 
the fell Destroyer is no respecter of times or persons. 

" Ijeaves have their time to fall, 
And flower? to wither at the north-'wincl's breath, 

And stars to set, — but all, 
Thou hast all seasons for thine own, Death ! " 

Nor would I omit on this occasion to record the decease of one, 
althouirh of foreii^n birth, who was an honorary member of our soci- 
ety, and renowned alike at home and abroad as an illustrious states- 
man and historian. I allude to Franfjois Pierre Guillaume Gui/.ot, 
whose life and character have been so ably illustrated by our histo- 
riographer, the Rev. Dr. Clarke, in his eulogy on this distin- 
guished man. They need no further comment at this time. Suffice 
it to say that M. Guizot shared an esteem and respect not often 
accorded to any one man. Of him, said Goethe, the illustrious Ger- 
man poet and philosopher, " I have found in him a depth and thor- 
oughness not surpassed by any historical writer." His single 
life spans the most eventful epoch in the history of his country. 
Born before the reign of terror, which deprived him of a father's 
care, he saw the fall of the monarchy under which he was born, and 
the rise and fall of other successive forms of government, surviving 
two republics, two empires, and a restored monarchy, to end his 
days under a third republic. His political life, which began with 
the fall of the first Napoleon, lasted till the revolution of 1S4S. Dur- 
ing the last years of his official life, from which he retired to private 
life with hands unsoiled by bribes, he controlled the destinies of 
his country. He leaves a name that will live in the literature which 
he has enriched by his genius and his learning, and in the history of 
liis country, to which he gave the matured powers of his mind and 
the wealth of his knowledge. His labors in the cause of popular 
education in France will endear him to our people. But what adds 
an caduring lustre to his memory was his constant Christian charac- 
ter, his confession of faith in the Bible and the gospel of Christ. " I 
believe," said he. "in God, and adore Him, without seeking to_ com- 
prehend Him. I recognize Him present and at work not only in the 
universe and in the inner life of the soul, but also in the history of 
human society, especially in the Old and New Testaments, — monu- 
ments of revelation and divine action by the mediation and sacrifices 
of Jesus Christ for the salvation of the human race." 

The reports submitted to-day, afford gratifying evidence of the 
healthful condition of our society and of the continued interest 
manifested by the public in our work. By the report of the libra- 
rian, it appears that we now possess upwaid of fifty thousand books 

TOt. XilX. 17* 

194 President Wilder^s Address. [Apnl, 

and pamphlets, constituting a library, which, in its historical and 
genealogical department, it is believed has no superior in this 
country. Nor can I fail to allude to its excellent condition under the 
assiduous care and supervision of iMr, Dean, Avhose devotion to our 
cause deserves to be acknowledged and remembered. Nor should we 
forget to express our obligations for the gratuitous services rendered 
by other officers and committees in the administration of the 
afiairs of the society, all of which, except those of the librarian and 
his assistant, have been rendered without charge. Especially would 
we recognize the eminent services of our historiographer, the Rev. 
Dorus Clarke, D.D., who, after seven years of diligent labor, now 
asks to be relieved of the office, — an office which he" has filled both 
with credit to himself and honor to the society; and I know I speak 
the sentiment of every heart when I express our gratitude for the 
fidelity and ability with which he has discharged tlie delicate duties 
of this office, in treasuring up the memorials of our deceased 

The efforts of the various historical, genealogical, antiquarian and 
fitatisticai societies, during the present century, have awakened a 
general interest i:i these researches, and a vast' amount of local and 
traditionary history has been secured, which will prove of great and 
lasting benefit to mankind. The acquisitions of our own society 
have been far greater than could have been anticipated by its 
founders. Although laboring under great embarrassments in its early 
history, it has constantly been enlarging its sphere of infiucnce, 
and by the unfailing devotion of its members it has attained a well- 
earned reputation; and has the consolation that the tree they planted 
willbear fruit long after they and we shall have passed from time. 
While we rejoice with unfeigned gratitude in what our society has 
done and is still doing, we cannot but feel that we should be un- 
mindful of the labors of those who founded and have labored for its 
advancement, were we not to use more active efforts for the promo- 
tion of our cause. The society has indeed accomplished a great 
work, but it has a still greater to perform. It has but just crossed 
the threshold and entered the vast field which it is to explore in 
the future, and we should therefore take an enlarged view of its pros- 
pective work. The objects, condition and purp'ose of this society 
are so well known to you that I scarcely need allude to them, 
except to remind you of the obligations which rest on us to work 
while our day of probation lasts, and to place our institution on a 
still higher and broader plane of usefulness. 

It was for this purpose and end that the founders of this society 
instituted their inquiries, that they might be of advantacje, not only 
to themselves in their own time, but that the blessings ""which flow 
from them might be perpetuated for all time, so thai each succes- 
sive generation as it passes from the stage mav leave behind it the 
form and spirit of its time; and that from age to a<^e the ex- 

1875."] President Winer's Address, 195 

amples, memories and histories of the illustrious dead may live on 
to influence those "who are to follow them. Permit me, however, 
to say that our first and prreat object is- to rescue from the past all 
that is valuable iu rcL'ard to New-l'^ri^^laud, and to preserve all that 
may in any way contribute to the history and renowu of her people. 
But this society is not to be limited to barren genealogy. Its rec- 
ords are to be enriched by biography, and history is the api)ropri- 
ate superstructure of both; and while your field of investigation will 
be somewhat devoted to the illustration of personal services, per- 
sonal history and personal character, they all are the materials of 
biography and history ; and all these lines of study converge to one 
point, the history of our race. 

The great deficiency of genealogical works has ever been a 
matter of serious regret, and it was this fact which has influenced 
this society to devote so much of its labors to genealogical and 
biographical researches, constituting as they do an exceedingly 
valuable portion of the New-England Historical and Genealogical 
Eegister. That part of the Register which has been devoted to 
memorials of the lives of deceased members has been of especial 
interest, both from the care and good taste which have been dis- 
played in their preparation, and also from the intrinsic importance 
of the subjects. Nor are these confined to persons of distinguished 
birth or ancestral renown, but they are devoted largely to members 
who have given, or in some way contributed to, an impulse in the pro- 
gress of moral and social improvement. ' And here let me commend 
the Register to the patronage of every lover of American history in 
our land, especially to the members of our society, every one of 
whom we should be happy to receive as subscribers. It is the 
acknowledged organ of the society, and is worthy of the patronage 
of every person who feels any interest in the objects which it 
seeks to promote. It is especially recommended for the service 
which it is constantly rendering, and constitutes one of the most 
important aids in rescuing and preserving whatever may pertain to 
the traditions and history not only of New-England but of the whole 
country. It is a great reference book, and in this respect it 
furnishes information and material to the historian and genealogist 
not to be found in any other publication. These volumes also 
contain a vast amount of other information, constituting a repository 
of groat and permanent value, in regai-d to antiquities, history 
and genealogy. 

In this respect we are made the custodians of important interests, 
and it therefore devolves on us to keep a wise outlook for the 
future. The time is not far distant when our present edifice vv^ill 
need extension, or, what is equally probable, prospective improve- 
ments will reach the capitoline hill, and, perhaps, necessitate our 
removal to still larger an<l more commodious quarters. It must 
be borno in mind, also, that the services of our members for the 

196 President Wllder's Address, [April, 

most part have been gratuitous, but that with the growth of the 
society, the labors of these will increase, and will ultimately have 
to be paid for. 

But while wc thus speak, we would acknowledge with gratitude 
the liberal subscriptions which were made for the erection of this 
Eou&e, and for the care of tlie library. But we cannot stop here. Thy 
spirit and demands of our age are constantly requiring more from us. 
The world moves on and we must move with it. 

Our House has become the resort of students in history, not only 
from every part of New-England, but from every part of our coun- 
try, and of visitors from foreign lands. Tiie accumulation of works 
on local and family history is constantly increasing our resources in 
this department, which have already become, we believe, more ex- 
tensive than those possessed by any similar library or institution in 
our land. Our society is daily enlarging its sphere of operations in 
this line of researches, and although extensive now, they will in the 
future become still greater. Our association not only embraces 
within its fold all the New-England states, with which we are con- 
stantly in communication, but it is in regular correspondence with 
the most distinguished societies and prominent historians of other 
states and countries, whereby a community of interest is kept up for 
the promotion of our cause. Our work is inexhaustible in its char- 
acter, and should command the cordial and hearty cooperation of 
every one who can trace his descent from New-England sire. 

We shall therefore need more funds for the successful prosecution 
of our work, and I doubt not that with the return of the commercial 
and general prosperity of our country, which we believe is not far 
distant, the generous friends of our society will contribute for the 
advancement of our object, either by present donations, or providing 
for us in liberal bequests, when they are making a distribution of 
their worldly goods for other societies. And while on this topic, let 
me suggest, that if a few examples of liberal donations or bequests 
should be made for special objects,— such as the publication of an 
annual volume, as suggested by the Committee on Publication in 
their last report, to contain the proceedings of the society in full, 
especially the biographical sketches and the memoirs of" deceas- 
ed members ; and from time to time a volume of such manuscripts 
or historical researches as are of great interest; and for the pur- 
chase of such rare and very expensive books as cannot be obtained 
without money,— such donations or bequests doubtless would be 
followed by others. "Within this class," said the Eev. Mr. Slafter 
in his report of 1S71, '-'would fall such books as were published 
in England relating to the very early voyages to this country, 
the planting of this colony, and the exceedingly rare tracts which 
treat of _ the conflict between the colonies and the mother coun- 
try." No better use could be made of money. We have a lame 
number of members oa our list, many of whom could aid us in thia 

1875.] President Wilder s Address. 197 

way. Most of our funds have been acquired by direct solicitation, 
but if a few examples of bequests were to be made to our society, 
they would beget others of a like character, and thus place our 
institution on the roll of societies which are the constant recipients 
of public favor. 

And have you ever, my friends, duly considered the solemn import 
and iuHuence of history in its cflect on the welfare of the world, em- 
bodying as it does the life-work of all time ? how grand and 
infmite the objects and issues with which its record is invested ! 
The creation of this world ! the birth of an immortal soul ! the 
wondrous story of human existence and human progress ! the mis- 
sion of a Saviour ! the ineflable wisdom and glory of God in all his 
ways and works! ^S''ere the influence of our lives to end with the 
brief hour that we tread the stage, history would be comparatively of 
little import ; but when we consider that our examples will be redecteil 
on the generations of future time, we feel the responsibility of life. 
Were the soul not destined to immortality, we might eat and 
drink and die ; and man, made in the image of his Creator, " in 
form and movi'ig how express and admirable ! in action how like 
an angel! incomprehension how like a God!" man, His noblest 
work, would be only preparing by his probation here, to make a 
royal feast for worms ! 

And yet how few keep any note of passing events, any record of 
themselves, their ancestors, or of the incidents of the time in which 
they live ! Bat how important this duty I The lessons of history 
teach us that events which at the time are apparently but of little 
interest, often work out a destiny of momentous consequence to 
mankind. Who that has reflected on this subject does not appreci- 
ate its importance as the great revelator which has guided and will 
forever be the guide of all nations and people in their progress to- 
wards perfection ? These influences reach through all time, solve 
thi: problems of human existence, and form the basis of ail ad\ances 
in the march of civilization. They are the direct agencies in pro- 
moting the highest happiness of our race and the glory of God. 

Without entering into the scientific speculations of the day in re- 
gard to the creation of this world or the antiquity of the human spe- 
cies, which surprise us with conclusions that they date far back, [per- 
haps some thousands of years, to an indefinite anterior period ; with- 
out expressing any opinion in regard to the theories of those learned 
scientists, Dr. Dowell, Russell, and Schliemann, that this globe may 
be half a million or five millions of years in age ; or of a prcadam- 
ite race, as some suppose; or of the belief of Dr. Darwin, and 
others, regarding the origin of species and the mutations of animal 
or vegetable life, we cannot but feel a profound respect for their 
enterprise and research ; and must confess that they are conferring 
on the age a vast o mount of useful information, which like a long 
line of witnesses may aid in unravelling many of the mysteries 

198 President Wilder'' s Address. [April, 

wlncli bavc hitherto obscured our mental vision and confounded 
our faith. We cannot, tiicrefore, withhold the expression of our 
gratitude for the constant contributions they are making to the 
knowledge of the world. 

Thus science and civilization are marching on hand in hand, and 
thus the restless spirit of man is ever reaching forward for more 
light and more knowledge in regard to the world in which he lives, 
the links which connect the past with the present, and the destiny of 
the race. 

And now a word in relation to the influence of family history. In 
nothing is the divine benevolence more fully illustrated than by tiiose 
ties of friendship and fraternal love which bind the family circle 
together, — a type of that blessed day when peace on eartli and 
good will to man shall unite the families of earth in the great 
family above. The importance of family history has been sadly 
overlooked in our land, and were it not for associations like our own, 
we should have been deprived of much of the wisdom which we now 
possess, and of many of the noble examples which have made this 
nation and people what they arc. In some of the older countries of 
the world it has for centuries been a sacred duty to preserve the 
genealogy and history of families; but our busy population are so 
engrossed with present cares, that few have had regard for the 
past, or solicitude for the future history of themselves or their 
families. But to those who have a respect for their ancestral name, 
or who desire to be remembered when they are gone, I know of no 
more agreeable duty than to place on record the history and inci- 
dents of their lives and of their relatives, that they may be carefully 
preserved to the latest generation. And what more grateful reflec- 
tion can we have than the thought that when we have joined the 
loved and lost of earth, our names shall live with theirs in the family 
record of long succession, and, if we have in any way contributed to 
the happiness of the world, it shall be remembered and felt in the 
ages that succeed us ? 

It is through the records of family history that we have the line- 
age of our race down from our first ancestor. Look, for example, 
to the Bible record of patriarchal families. The history of the Jew- 
ish people is a good example for us, a part of whose religion it was 
sacredly to preserve and to transmit to future ages the history of 
their families. Thus they have the names of their historians, patri- 
archs, prophets and kings perpetuated to the present thne, ''that the 
generations to come minht know them, even the children who should 
be born, who should arise and declare th.em to their children." 

Thus for thousands of years, old, stereotyped China has preserved 
her history, and her historiocrraphers are still charged with the 
duty of recording the events of the empire. Thus England, from 
the reign of William the Conqueror, has preserved with the greatest 
care the annals of the nation, and felt their influence on the moral 

1875.] President Wilder' s Address, 199 

and social condition of society. Her " Herald's College," founded 
more tlian eight hundred years ago, is still the great genealogical 
repository whore details of families arc to be seen back to very 
early times. 

But aside from considerations connected with fiimily and an- 
cestral ;i3sociations, history engraves on licr tablet the experience 
and influence of all time, without which we should have only a 
tangled skein of tradition to guide the student in the researclies of 
by-goue days. And considering the uncertain and perishable nature 
of human affairs, the only safe course is the record made by each 
generation as it passes over tiic stage of action. The only facts 
which can be relied on with safety are those contained in contem- 
poraneous records of events, for the want of which the history of 
remote periods has been buried in the lapse of ages, and time has 
drawn her dark veil of obscurity over them forever. Millions of bene- 
factors to our race, whose deeds and virtues have been unrecorded 
and unhouored for the want of institutions like our own, have joined 
the great congregation of the dead ; but we believe that no such 
neglect will in the future occur in our own beloved land. 

But why should I address you, my associates, in this manner, 
except to excite you to more active exertions,, and tlms to impress 
others with the importance of history, and induce them to follow 
your good example ? In a word, let us remember the maxims of the 
wise and good who have gone before us. 

" To neglect the study of history," said Johnson, " is not prudent. 
If entrusted with the care of others, it is not just." 

" History," said Cervantes, " is the depository of great actions, 
the witness of what is past, the example of instruction to the present, 
and monitor to the future." 

" History," said Kossuth, " is the revelation of eternal wisdom, 
instructing us how to be happy and immortal on earth." 

" History," said another, " is a sacred ki id of writing, because 
truth is essential to it, and where truth is, there God himself is." 

Suffice it to say, history is the hand-writing of Providence on the 
wall, the revelation of his divine will, holding up the mirror of hu- 
man life to us, in which we learn how that his merciful care, which 
allows <' not a sparrow to fall without his notice," controls the des- 
tinies of his creatures for one great end. 

Never before has the attention of the civilized world been so 
thoroughly aroused in efforts to promote investigation and dis- 
covery, and to enlarge the sphere of human knowledge. Every 
day brings to light acquisitions which surprise mankind. Nor are 
these confined to earth, air and water; but man, ever restless man, 
not content to harness the lightning for his use, directs his vision. to 
the skies, and, as it were, compels the celestial orbs to unveil 
themselves to his eye, and to transmit their image and substance to 
earth. Nor does he, in his desire for more light and knowledge, 

200 President Wilder'' s Address, [AprU, 

hesitate to enter the very council chanilier of nature's laboratory, 
and seizing the 8ccrct3 of her wonder-working power, learns how 
Bhe paints the lily, perfumes the rose, and from the tiny seed raises 
the monarch of the forest, rccorJiug by its own tissues, as correctly 
as the cbronologist, an age anterior to the birth of our Saviouz*. 

And thus the inrestigations of the naturalist, the researches of 
the explorer, the discoveries of the astronomur, the decyphcrings of 
the archaeologist, and the record of the historian, combine to make 
the present age more remarkable than any which has preceded it. 
Nor will He who made this world and peopled it with his own 
image, suffer it to wane, or his childi-en to recede in progress ; but 
will, we believe, control its operations for the benefit of our race. 

How grand and sublime the lessons of astronomy ! One of the 
most remarkable phenomena of the present century occurred on the 
8th of last month, and which should have a place in the records of 
. the year. I allude to the transit of Venus moving in a line between 
us and across the sun's disk. Only four transits of Venus have ever 
been beheld by human eyes; those of 1639, 1761, 1769 and 1S74. 
One more will occur in 1SS2, which will be visible throughout the 
United States, and not another until 2004. This will prove the 
correctness of the present observations, and give to the world data 
for calculations for the next 122 years. Most of the great na- 
tions of the world, in which the United States took a conspicuous 
stand, arranged expeditions for observation at different stations, both 
on the main land and on the islands of the sea. . From eighty to 
one hundred expeditions were sent out under public and private 
patronage, at an expense of a million of dollars or more, to 
witness this interesting and rare phenomenon. The importance 
of this enterprise on the bearings of science may be appreciated 
when it is shown that it is expected to obtain with more accuracy 
the distance of the earth from the sun, the distances of the 
planetary bodies, and the correction of lunar tables, by which 
the mariner may ascertain his position at sea; and to solve other 
important problems. 

And so the march of mind and the stride of progress will go on and 
on to the final day. Each generation will grow wiser than its pre- 
decessor, and man will rise in the scale of being from one degree of 
knowledge to another. And when we, who inhabit this globe^ float- 
ing in mid air, reflect upon the immensity of space which surrounds 
us, that twenty millions of stars already discovered are glittering in 
the firmament above us ; when we consider that it requires more 
than two-thirds of the life of a generation for the light of some of 
these to glimmer on our vision, and that others from their infinite 
star-depths may never reflect a ray on those who now live, we are 
overwhelmed with awe and our inmost soul cries out, "Lord, how 
manifold are thy works ! In wisdom hast thou made them all ! 
O, Lord, what is man that thou art mindful of him !" 

1875.] President Wilder s Address. 201 

AnJ yet how merciful is that Providence that opens up to us these 
fields of research, and whose watcliful care provides for the exigen- 
cies of life, the comfort and improvement of maiikind! And when 
man comes to need, his extremity is God's opportunity. How won- 
derfully is this illustrated in our own day and generation ! When our 
forests were being denuded and fuel exhausted, the black diamonds . 
were discovered, hid for ages in the bowels of the earth, producing 
inexhaustible mines of coal. When the monsters of tiie deep, which 
had furnished abundance of oil for light and lubrication were be- 
coming reduced in numbers, and would be wholly inadequate to fur- 
nish a supply, then the liquid oil bursts forth in voluntary fountains 
from where it had been concealed. And now, when the supply of 
fertilizing materials of the Facitlc Isles have nearly all been carried 
oft', and our soils and crops are hungering for restoration, He un- 
bosoms the vast phosphate beds of our southern states, covering 
an area of two-thirds of the size of our own State. 

Thus, too, the discovery of this continent was withheld until the 
world, groaning in bondage, sighed for the light of our new civilization, 
— and, may i not say without exaggeration, that no event in the last 
nineteen centuries, if we except the birth of Christ, was fraught with 
such niighty issues for mankind, constituting as it does a sublime 
era in the grand drama of human existence, and investing the his- 
tory of this nation with events more momentous for good than any 
which have characterized any other nation on the globe. 

AVhen we review the history of New-England fi-om its first set- 
tlement, and contrast the past with the present; when we consider 
the prom.inent position which this country, although young in years, 
now occupies in the role of nations, whose thoughts do not instinct- 
ively revert to the momentous part which New-England men and 
New-England principles have played in the triumphal march of 
modern civilization! Like the rills which grsh from her mountain 
sides to commingle with old ocean's tide, or us light moving on the 
face of the waters, so we believe will the spirit of our free institu- 
tions affect the whole being of mankind, and ultimately irradiate the 
entire horizon of civilized lands. 

In a few months we shall be called on to unite with our friends 
of Lexington in commemoration of the first battles of the Ameri- 
can Itevolution, and next year we shall be invited to cooperate and 
participate in the Centennial Celebration of our nation's independ- 
ence, at Philadelphia, the place of its birth. There, will be congre- 
gated the representatives, not only of the states and territories 
of this great republic, but those from other countries. There, too, 
will be represented the genius and skill of the artisan, and the 
products of the mines and soil ; and best of all, there too will be 
the delegates from all parts of the world to exchange friendly 
greetings on our progress and prosperity as a nation. 

But who can estimate the debt of gratitude we owe to those patri- 

VOL. XXIX. 18 

202 Notes and Queries, [April, 

otic men who then laid the foundation of our free government ? 
Surely tlieir ivories do follow tlicm. The in.>titation3 they planted 
are our richest inheritance, and wo would ensiirinc their precious 
memory in our hearts for all time. How ].ricolcs3 the blessings 
which they have conferred on our country and the world! 

But frroat and memorable as the past has been, wo look forward 
to still greater results in the future; and these arc the convictions 
which impress the minds of the intelligent men of the world. 
In the words of the Spanish statesman, Scnor Castelar, "America, 
and especially Saxon America, with its immense virgin territory, 
with its republic, with its harmony between liberty and democracy, 
is the continent of the future, — the immense continent stretched 
by God between the Atlantic and the Pacitic, — where manland 
may plant, essay, and resolve all social prol>lems. Europe has 
to decide whether she will confound herself with Asia, placing upon 
her lands old altars, and upon the altars old idols, and upon tlie 
idols immovable theocracies, and upon theocracies despotic empires; 
or whether she will go by lalior, by liberty, and by the republic, to 
collaborate with America in the "rnnd work of universal civilization." 

In conclusion, my friends, let us do what we can to advance the 
well-being of our institution and the cause which it seeks to pro- 
mote. For my own part, I pledge myself to do so while I live. 
Ere long, many of those who iww occupy these seats, and he who 
now addresses you, will have passed the boundary which divides 
time from eternity; but this association will live on, and as time 
progresses will develop more and more the benefits of its researches 
and the wisdom of those who founded it. Let us therefore discharge 
the duties of our day and generation with fidelity, so that our children 
may have cause to bless the memories of their fathers, as we now 
revere and cherish the names of those who laid the foundations of 
this republic. 


Errata.— Vol. sxvm. parte 40, lino 2 from hottora of text, strike out the first 
should; page 363, Ime 3 livjiu bottDiu ol note, ./ur 1700 reaa 1670; page 370, 'line 
18 from top, for Solcombe. near Lydoiii.ivith, rfad Saloombe, near Sidmouth ;'page 
395, line 7 fi'om top, the .'entunce should read tlius: " In the old cemetery in Far- 
mington, is his tombstone, a cuar^c, unh.wn «lab, some tvro feet in height and 
eighteen inches wide, with the IuIImwih- in.-rriptinn, that must have been broken," 
&c. ; page 4.jS, line 26 from t.:'i«,./-r Auiiicr^t rr,ul Abercrombie ; pa<Te 45U, line's 
from top,/o/- Bambury rfCT'/ iJanKury ; and in lino i;f from bottom 'of same page 
strike out sentence beginning *' Diirini: the absence,"' &c. ; page 460, for Smolfet 
(wherever the same occar>) rrad Sniulictt ; in line 12 from top of same pac^e strike 
out a year; and in line 13 In -m top «.f sniue paire/or loblally read loblolly. "^ 

Vol. xxix. page 16, line iO from t.)j.,_/;>r (^uik-row ^(7// Quiberon ; pai'e 20, line 
8 from top of note, for countermand r-cd command ; pa::e 81. lines 10 and ll'frum 
bottom, should read as follows : " ll..nry \"ll[. elu-ed his fevrrish life and re'za 
January 28, 1547, two years and two days m^jre than a century before his ^t. "t. ^r. 

1875.] N'ecrology of Ulstoric^ Genealogical Society. 203 

nephew," <fec. ; page 1G6, line 3, /or dors read doers ; pa^c 160, lines 5 and G, rend 
liiH tliiltlrea as fiir as known, all by lii.s tirst wUe and burn in Ipswich, were ; line 
11. for Bennett read Uenuct. 

Odet.l. — Willinm Odell, fiuppoFcd to be a descendant of the En-j;!!--}! familj'of Odcll 
nieutiuned in iUiikte't '• LandL<l Uciitry," came in lOii'J fnHn tjiiiland to Concord, 
MahS., where he u:ls pro!)Al)Iy a member of tlie con^TOi^ution of tlie Kev. I'eier 
Bulkeley, who wan h(;rn in the parisli of Odell, Bedford eo., Kn:^l:'.n(i. In I'Jll, 
Mr. Odell rcmoTod to P'airtield, Conn., and liis son ^Villianl liecaiue one o( ihs 
principal pro;)rietors of Rye, New- York. 

The undersigned will lie ha]ipy to correspond with those interested, with a view 
to confirming the probable rehui'ontjhijj between the English and American families; 
and also with reference to the preparation of o genealogy of the (amily. 

Yonkers, Westchester Co., New-York. Ecgene Odi::ll. 

PooLK.— Savage gives John Poole, of Cambridge, 1632,_ afterward of Kcnding. 
What is his authority, and who was Margaret, the wife of John Poole, from 
whom descended the liimilies of that name in Reading, Medford, Lynn, Boston and 
South parish of Danvers? C. U. Poole. 

Washington, D. C. 


Prepared by the Hon. Thomas C. Amort, of Boston. 

Elisha Tyso.v Wilsok, M.D., a resident member, died in Boston, June IS, 1872, 
aged 59. 

Hid earliest American paternal ancestor was tbe Rev. Christopher "SVil5on,of 
Graj-fioiithen, in the co'inty of Cumberland, in England, where he was settled_ as 
a cler::yman. An interesting and singular document has been preserved ot him, 
bearing witness to his piety and honesty of purpose. It is dated 1759, and entitled 
by himselt "A Lamentation ;" it is a moan over some reverse of fortune. The slender 
stipend of his cure liaving proved inadequate to the wants of a growing family, he 
had, to increase his store, embarked bis inheritance in foreign venture, and lost it all. 
In his distress and anguish, he seeks for help and guidance, and in his prayer, 
which is beautifully in^earnest, implores that these may be vouchsafed, and that 
whether it be his lot to remove to America, or whatever way else to turn, he may 
b6 kept in paternal and divine sweetness, and no deceit nor any council but honesty 
and upriirhtness be his 2:uide. 

His son John man led in this country Nov. U, 1764, Alisanna "Webster, and their 
third child, John Webster Wilson, born Nov. 2, 1771, and Lucretia Tyson, born 
Nov. 1, 17-^-0, became the parents, in Baltimore where they resided, of the sul'Ject of 
this meinuir, April U, 1813. His father was successfully engaged for many years 
aj5a D:e!-iliant in that city in the flour trade. His mother was the daugiiter of 
£li.-h.i rys.)n, a name well known all over the land for his devotion to the colored 
raco and his steady etforts to protect them, when he could, from injustice, to improve 
their c-nditi .n and briuL' about emancipation. His great-grandrather. Ryner Typ.-)n, 
vra-s a (Jerman. converted to the faith of Fos. by WilliamPenn, whom he accompanied 
to Kn:,'land, and at whose request he came over as one of the earliest settlers in 
Pcnit-ylvania. Kyner settletl at Germantown, and afterwards at Abinirton, where 
he acquired a large estate. Ilis nine children have numerously multiplied. Elisha, 
.son of l.-aac. s..n of Matthias, eon of Ryner, married Mary Amos, of Harford 
County, M-.iryland, and their fourth child was themotlier of Dr. Wilson. 

With such" proizenitors as Christopher Wils.)n and Elisha Tyson, the elements of 
his nature were well commingled, and in whatever Dr. Wilson undertook he was 
faithful, assiduous and devoted. At the age of 21, he was engagi-d in the counting- 
riwra of his unole, and soon after went to South America to enter into mercantile 
life there, but t!ie destruction of Conception liy an earthquake chanixed his plans 
and he returued to Lis early borne. Whilbt seeking some pursuit that would ensure 

204 Necrolocjij of Historic, Genealogical Society. [April, 

him competence, cimnoe ofiercd him n.n advantn acinus oponIn<j into the profcstji'jn 
to whicii ever after he devoted his tuleiitd with success ; aiid, havin;,' niarrioii Cecilia 
L. Porter, of New-Uavcn, Cunneeticiit, in IBoG, he practised as a d'-ntist fur sijuic 
years in Taunton, in this State, where he w;m much reispected, and where several 
of his children, tlirec of whiim still survive, were l>orn. After the loss of his first 
wife, _ he married, in 18 lU, L'liarlottc Falca i'eckham, of Taunton, now resident 
in this city. 
After thes," vari 'd c\pericnces, with tliorou^h knowledge of hLs profession and 

Eeculiar qualifications fjr its succe>^sfal [iractice, he estal^Iisbed himself in a lured 
ouse in Boston, in 1S51, opposite the common, in what wag known as C'ohmnaile 
Kow, afterwards •■sclianL^ed for the n sidcncc he purcha-ed and occupied t!;e residue 
of his lifie in Marlhuro' :^treet. As a M;ison and i\ni:;iit Templar, he made influen- 
tial friends. In politics, he sided with the democratic party. 

Throughout tlic late war he spared no effort to recruit the ranks of the army and 
put down the rehellion. lie olVored with the rest his first-born to the cause, who, 
gaining many laurels in the navy, came f)at:k unharnifd. When, on the outbreak 
•of the war, our gallant defenders left their work and tlieir en){)loyments for the front, 
the communities at home a-^^sumed the charge of their dependents. Stipends were tor 
a while paid from private contributions, hut it was nut long before State aid vras 
authorized from the Treasury, and Dr. Wilson, as one of the Aldermen of the city ] 
in 18G1-166-2, distributed for'the eightl! ward, with conscientious fidelity, this needed 
relief among hundreds of families. Other Rums were raised subsequently to promote 
enlistment tor the same object, and of one fund in Boston, called tfie Scddier's fund, 
•which has disbursed nearly one hundred thousand dollars, he was the chief executive 
when he died. The discharge of his otlier ofScial duties displayed like adruinistra- 
tive skill, and, althongh. hi- professional business was lucrative and eEgrossin|5, not 1 
one seemed to be neglected. lie gained the eftcem and confidence of the public and ! 
his-nssociates, and there seems no reason to doubt that he justly deserved them. 1 

In his professional ca'-eer. thuugh keeping up with the pjrogress of mechanical i 
contrivance, he was naturally conservative ; trying few experiments, but ever reaily ' 
to accept what had been proved by others. His zeal in maintaining a high ^tcndrid j 

of his branch of medical science was testified by his originating, with the ooupevatioo 
of Dr. Parker in iS67, the American Academy of Dental Science, an associati- n novr 
thoroughly established and well known. The leading members of the profession 
here, all ovei' the continent and abroad, gladly joined it as associates. Dr. Wilson 
was its first presidtnt, and delivered a diecourse at the annual meeting in 1SG8. 

He was in early life a quaker, as were his parents, but in Boston became a mem- 
her ard comTQunicant of Trinity church, and was warmly attached to its ministers, 
Bishop Eastburn, Di. Potter and Mr. Brooks. lie contributed liberally, according 
to his means, to church objects, was kind to the poor, a zealous friend, and de- 
voted to hospitality, ilis deatii, which occurred June IS, 1ST4, was occasioned by 
pulmonary, after some months of impaired healtli, and a few weeks of entire 
prostration. His remains were deposited at Taunton, lie left three children. 

1. Charles \V., who received a commi';ion as mastf's mate May 13. l&fil, and 
sailed at once in the South Carolina. Captain (now rear admiral) Alden. He was 
present during the engagements at Cialveston, Port Hudson, Mobile, at the passage 
of Fort Morgan, and capture of the rebel ram Tennessee. He served through the 
entire war, was twice promoted, and honorably discharged with the rank of acting 
lieutenant, Nov., ISGG. He married Sarah S. Atkins, daughter of Isaiah Atkins, of 

2. £lJa C. married A. E. Swa.sey, Jr., of Boston. 

3. Cecil P. married C. Josephine Noursc, daughter of B. F. Nourse, of Boston. 

Prepared by the late John- H. Siikpp.\:id, A.M., of Boston. 

Eliakim Littell, E-q., a re-ident mem])er, was the son of Stephen and Susan 
^Gardner) Littell, and was h<,rn in Burlington, N. J., January 2, 1797, and died at 
• Brookline, Mass., Maj' 17. 1670. He wa^ a descendant in the 5th generation from 
SamueV- Littell, of New Jers-'y, born about IGSo (who is supposed by the author of 
"Genealogies of the First Settlers of the P;ussaic Valley," but probably erroneously, 
to have been a grandson of (ieorge Little, who eraiirratcd in 1640 from London, 
England, and settled in Newbury. Mass.), through Jos'-ph." Capt. Eliakim^ by wife 
Hannah Jewell, and Slnih.rn.,'* his fltther, above-named, born Jan. 3, 177i. His 
mother was a direct de-civlant from Thomas G-Arduer, who went to Burlington, N. 
J., about 1678, and whose posterity were much respected, and often honored with 

1875."! Xecrolorjxj of Hhloric, Genealogical Society. 205 

hi'^h and responslhle ofiiccs, both in thn colony and the state of Nevv-Jerscy. Ilia 
piueinal araiidihthcr, C;\pt. Eliakim Littell. dihtiii5,rui.shcd liim?tUin the defence ot 
Springtield, N. J., \s\wi\ attacked I)y the oneijiy in the Ann-rieiiu Rev.jlution ; and, 
in the°churoiiyard ot tluxt [ikioc, a luoniiment; has been erected to the memory of thid 
gullunt man. 

The su>iieet of this notl'^c received hin education at tlic grnmmar school at Iladdon- 
field, X. J. Thou^li he did nit remain hero Invi,, \\U i)n)j;ress in his studies was 
rapid. Bii-ssed wiTli iViends, who were fund of literature and p^s.-Cf^sed oi' choice 
libraries, he obtained the loan of standard works, wliich funned in him a Hound judi:- 
luent, and cultivated a taste fur the Kn'^disli classics, so little road and Kejdom souir'.it 
for by tlie youth of our times. Such was the ardor of younu: Litt'dl to improve and 
elevate his mind that he often, while an apprentice in a b)okstorc, sat up until after 
midnight, porin;^ over the- contents of some i,a-and old author. 

Thus qualified, by a lose of belle-lettres and an extensive knowled;^c ot our best 
■writers, to jmiire of the merits of works, lie be,:,-an Imsinessas a publisher, and is.uc-l 
Hume's Histury of Ei'iland, ilorue's Introduction to the Stn«ly of the yeri[.tarts, 
the writings ,.f Miss Kiirewurth, Bishop Bcveridi^^e and Bickersteith, and many other 
books of standard reputatiun. 

In January, ISi'J, he commenced, at Philadelphia, a weekly literary paper, enti- 
tled the yalional R'Xonler, which was enlarged in 18-31, and called the ^/^wrt/ay 
Magazine, and the next year was merged in Tii-. Museum of Forwjn Literature and 
An. This was a monthly magazine, in which was reproduced the cream of the 
English quarterlies, monthlies -and other periodicals. With only a few intervals, it 
■was published twenty-one years. In 16 14, he removed to Massachusetts, and l)egan, 
at Boston. May 11. isU, tlie pubiieati.jn of the Livinr/ A'jf\ a weekly magazine, o!'a 
eimilar character to the Museum of Foreign Literature. Thi-^ work makes, annually, 
fjur (|uarterlv volum'.s, and, at his dece-ase, it had reached 1354 numbers and ttio 
10.')th volume. . -, , c- ^ 

■ When Mr. Littell began this great and costly undertaking, it was a doubtail ex- 
periment ; but its success justified his enterprise. His reading had been .so vari'ius 
and comprehensive that he" saw that literature, in reaching tiie public mind, had 
assumed new channels. Through the medium of periodicals and reviews, published 
weeklv, monthly or quaiterly, the pen of genius and learning concentrated its 
forcesin terse and elaborate articles on particular topics, sume of which, especially 
those of Jefi'rey and Macaulay, were of great power, and were sought for with 
avidity. England, Scotland and Ireland were soon fl.ioded with these pablicati.)ns. 
Cou=eqaently, few persons on this siile of the water could afford to purchase them 
all, and fewer still had time to read them. The public soon appreciated the worth 
of the Living Age. To embody the gist of the foreign periudicals in a weekly maga- 
zine ; to re])roduce in its columns tales of romance written by the great nuvelists ot 
the day; to give here an article on history or biography, and there an essay on 
science, interspersing them with notes and paragraphs of late discoveries and inven- 
tions; and to adoriT occasionally the whole with a leaf watered by the tVmntain .'f 
Helicon, this was the noble and darling object of a life consecrated to useliiino-s. 
Well may thL^ periodical be compared to a labor-saving machine, reaping the rich 
prairies of knowledge and binding the serials in sheaves for the reader. 

The Living Age contains sixtV-four pages, weekly, in double columns. To pre- 
pare tlie D-aterials and, Wi.-ek by week, to edit such a work was an herculean task. 
The incespant, unabating, interminable labor must often have discouraged him. 
Vet, ever cheerful, without a murmur at his lut, never idle nor absent from hia 
de^k or duty, and unallured by the temptations of pleasure or the stir of novelty, 
Mr. Litteirwent im in his enterprise, days and weeks, and months andyears, during 
the briiihtest and best part of a long life. 

The te^timunial- uf Juhn Quincy Adams, Judge Story, Chancellor Kent, Edward 
Everett, Geurge Ticknor, the historian Prescott, and many uther eminent scliulars 
aiming the living and dead, bear witness to his skill and judgment as an editor. 

Mr? Littell was the author of a bclieme of revenue reform, known as the " Compro- 
mise Tariff," whicii was adopted and earned through Congre-s by Mr. Clay, during 
the a-lmini-tration of uen. Jackson. His opinions of Free Trade, when Secretary of 
the Free Traile Convention in Philadelphia, where Albert Gallatin presided, were 
commended in the New York Evening Post, and won theap;ivoval of statesmen and 
tinancitrs. He was a man of uncommonly genial disposition, his tcmperauient being 
naturally elieerfii!, and his friendship unwavering. His turn fur wit and anecdote 
was remarkable, yet he w'.is tender and considerate of the feelings of others. He 
■was a polished gentleman, affable and courteous in all the relations of life. 
VOL. 2XIX. 18* 

206 JV. E. Historic, Genealoqical Societtj. [April, 

He lived bcyoml the term uKually nlli)ttcil to our race, ami his mental powers were 
unimpaired t.> tlie end of liislife. His sickmj-< was tilim-t ; i'ur lie was at hi-; pM.-,c on 
Friilay, tlio Gth of May, and on Tin'sduy, tlie i7t!i, wliile he lay Furr'jundi.d by his 
family, deatli put liis hand i^'cntly cm him. lie wan hiiried in Foresit Hills Cemetery, 
under the solemn rites (ifthi' ly.iscnrnl chureti, oCwliioli he had long been a member, 
and many friends symfiathi/.'^d with thenDurners at the funeral. 

_ Inthisobitunry, amoi'i; the virtues of the deeeased, one trait of character espe- 
cially d';serve.s our notice; for it ran through the whole path of lifi', froui the morn- 
ing to tiie evening of his days. It never palled nor drooped, nor lost its sweet inllu- 
ence over his soul. I refer to his tasto (or reading, his intense love of books, and 
thii-st for knowledge. If electricity viviJit-s nature and adorns creation with wealth 
and beauty, the eleetriu [lower of reading seems in the same manner to vitali/.e the 
mind. It was surely so with him. He had a burning thirst for books— i^uoks of the 
highest and most artistic kinds. From them, he derived the exquisite taste in 
esthetics which so often showed itself in The Living Age. 

He was admitted to this society June 4, 1807. 


Boston, Wednesday, January G, 1875. — The annual meeting was held this after- 
noon at half-pa>t rwo o'clock, at theSjciety's House, 13 Somerset street, the president, 
the E'on. Mardiall P. Wilder, in the chair. 

David G._ Hawkins, Jr., the recording secretary, read the record of the proceeding.? 
at the previous meeting, which was approved. 

The Hon. Charles L. \\'or,dbury, chairman of the nominating committee, re- 
ported a list fjr officers and committees. The Hon. George Cogswell and the Kev. 
Thomas R. Lambert, D.F)., were ap|)ointed a committee to collect and count votes, 
who reported the above-. lamed list of candidates unanimously elected. The officers 
and committees for 1875 are : 

Preside7it.—ThQ Hon. Marshall P. Wilder. 

Vice-Prexidents. — The Hon. (h'orge C. i:ichardson, Massachusetts; the Hon, 
Israel Wa.hburn, Jr., LL.D., Maine : William B. Towne, AM.. New-Hampshire; 
the Hon. Hampden Cutts, A.M., Vermont; the Hon. John R. Bartlett, A.M., 
Rhode Island ; the Hon. William A. Buckingliam, LL.D., Connecticut. 

Honorary Vire- Presidents .— The Hon. John A. Dix. LL.D., Xew-York ; the Hon. 
John Wentworth. LLD., Illinois; the Rt. Rev. William Ingraham Kip, D.D., 
California; the Hon. Increase A. Lapham, LL.D., Wisconsin ; the Hon." William 
A, Richardson, LL.D., Disrrict of Columbia ; William A. Whitehead, F^q., New- 
Jersey; the Hon. Jnhn H. B. Latrobe, Maryland; William Duane, Tl^q., Pennsyl- 
yania ; the Rev. Joseph F. Tattle. D.I).. Inlliana ; the Hon. Thomas Spooner, Ohio. 

Corresponding Secretary.— Thv Rev. FMmund F. Shifter, A.M. Recording Se:re- 
iary.— David Green Haskins. Jr., A.^L Tr^ff^urer.— Benjamin Barstow Torrey, 
Esq. Historxo^-rapher.—T\\e Rev. Samuel Cutler. Librarian.— Zohn Ward Dean, 

Directors.— ThQ Hon. George C. Richardson, Charles W. Tuttle, A.M., John 
Cummings, Esq., John Foster, Esq., the Hon. Charles Levi Woodbury. 

Committee on PutJir.ation. —Whvri H. H.iyt, .■^.^L, John Ward "Dean, A.M., 
Wm. B. Towne, A.M., the Rev. Lucius R. Paige, D.D., Harry II. Edes, Jeremiah 
€olburn, A.M. ^ 

Committee on the Library.— J amv^ F. Hunnewcll, Esq., Jeremiah Colburn, A.M., 
Deloraine P. Corey, Esq., I'rof. Ciiarles P. Otis, A.M., George T. Littlefield, Esq. 

Committee on Finance. — William B. Towne, A.^^., Henry Edwards. Esq., the 
Hon. Charles B. Hall, Pcrcival L. Everett. R-^q., t!ie Hon. John A. Buttrick. " 

CommMtee on Papers and J-Jssays.— The Rev. Dorus Clarke, D.D., Frederic Kid- 
der, Esq., the Rev. I. X. Tarhox, D.D., W^iiliam S. Gardner, A.M., Albert B. Otis. 
A.M., the Rev. W. F. Malhilien, D.D. 

Committee on Heraldry .—Y\\(i Hon. Thos. C. Amorv. A.M., Abner C. Goodell, 
Jr., A.M., Augustus I. Perkins, A.M., William S.'Appletou, A.M., George B,' 
Chase, A. M. 

1875.] iV. E. llldoric, Genealogical Society. 207 

The Hon. M-,irsl>all P. Wilder havinic been rc-elcctcl pre-ident then delivered bis 
annu.l address, ^vhi.■!> ^vill I>e found in this na.nher ot tl'</^^?,'^"«:,f;f^ Lumb^r'of 

.l„hn Ward Dean, the librarian, raadc his annual report liie ^ l.u e " "'^^^^ ^^ 
volunies in the library as re^>..rted la.t year ^va. n,0:U, "V^'t';;"" ^ "^« rnmnlS 
makin.r a total of 12 337 volumes nuw in the library. J lie n i mlicr ot pampmets 
Sported b,^.t'ta^vas:u;,S31, a since 3,580, making 40,411 pamphlet, in tho 

^''fanief F'"lun;";utei,nirman of tha committee on the library reported the 
needs of the li'.rary and ofiercd sii--e.stiuns for D.akin,-it more coinplcte. 

Col insert II. Hovt, chairman of the committee on, and bamuel Adams 
Drake, chairman of the committee ou papers and esbays, made the annual reports 

°^*he Rev ' Ellmnud F. Slafter, the corresponding Bccretary, reported that forty-two 
rc4lenrand siK^-orrosponding n.euibers had In^en added to the .oe.ety durio.^ tho 
year. He also reported the usual historicnl correspondence. ^ , ^, , , .^„,, , • 
The Rev Oorus Clarke, D.U., the historiographer, reported that biographi- 
cal sketche; of t verdv-seven decea^d members had been prepared and read duving 
It yeaf Th rty-cw.J members had died in 137 1 and the deaths ot three other mem- 
bers whodi-din previous years, had come to his knowledge during this. l)>. 
SarklaLo tendered hi.s resignation, and 6tated that during the seven years of h.3 
incimbenei tie memoirs of about one hundred and thirty deceased memberH had been 
premred by him and his, Charles W. Tuttle and John W ard Dean, 
each of who.n had held the position of as,istant hi,stori.)grapher for tlm|e >ear» 

ile^amin B. Torrev, the treasurer, reported that the ii.-ome m IH74, from annual 
assessment, adadssion fees, the income ol the life and ^1'^^^^';^ f."'^^v/"^;]^?,^ 
halance of 830.9 1 at the beglnnin- of the year, amounted to .^2 0-4 33_ fht oidui. ry 
exnenses have been <^'l SJiO .\2 , leaving a balance m the trea-sury ot .^4.^1. L>uiin„ 
t'e ve. r ^'IS have he a received for life-membership and added to the life-fund 

Cnl ^lav n U Hod' .3. chairman of the truste.-s of the Bond tun<l repor_ted Uaat 
C;8 10 had been expended for books, and that the fund now amounted to -^-l'^-^'- 
"^ The Hon. Charles B. Hall, for the trustees ot the lowue memorial fund, reported 
that this fund now amounts to ,S3,595.-23. ~ , t, .. t a ^or^^,■^r^,1 t>ni- 

William B. Towne, chairman of the trustees of the Bars ow fund, repoitcd that 
this fund amouots to Sl,OO0, tiiat 1821 volumes have been bound ll^fj^'l';^;;^'% 
during the twelve years of its existence, and there is a balance to the account ot 

^^CoL^A.^D." Hodges, for the trustees of the Cushman fund, reported that this fund 

°°Dekno''A.*Go(fdard, Esq., chairman of the committee appointed at the December 
meeting, reported the following resolutions, which were unanimiiusly adopted : 

This society desires to place on its records an expression ot its respect tor t tie 
memory of its late associate, Daniel N. Haskell, whose death while /" th^ [ulue.a 
and vigor of his life, has taken from the society a value 1 member and trom tUia com- 
munity an e.stimable and useful citizen. ... , u J V.^^r.^^-r rf ^mor^ 
In his professi.m Mr. Haskell was a discriminating and shrewd o.^^f ^^^'^ J ^ °>;" 
and events, quick to form opinions and abrupt in expressing them, but on account 
of his strong common sense and prevailing uprightness ot purpose seldom go ng 
wrong; of a temperament naturally sympathetic and disposeQ_ to take up ii'-jirtiiy 
whatever objects enlisted his feelings or were commended to his judgment ; aiwavs 
readv, and more than rendv, to do his part for the interests and welfare ot the com- 
munity in which he lived.' In presenting his own views, or in shaping lie views oi 
those around him, his mental honesty, his truthfulness, frankness and directness ot 
character gave to his work a peculiar quality which was sure to attract attention, 
and will be long remembered. ^ ^ ^ . • vu u ;> 
Mr Haskell was always interested in the annals of Boston and its neighborhood, 
and especially in the personal and family traditions which make up its unwritten 
history. In the investigations of this society he also had a lively interest, and took 
especial ph^asure in promoting its objects by every means in his power. _ 

\s a citizen he was universally resjjected ; and among those who knew him well, 
he was beloved for many tine qualities of mind and heart. Of a character open as 
the day, .^enerous alike'to friend and foe, manly, honorable, straighttorward in all 
his dealin-s, of .-reat tenderness of nature, especially toward children and those who 
were advanced in age, interested in young men, and always free with needed counsel 
and sympathy, giving to all expressions of genuine allection a more lavish return ; 
aU this we wish to put on record as testimony of respect and gratitude for a lite 

208 BooTc-2\^otices. [April, 

adorneil tvith ?o many virtues and excinplifying in so many ways the graces of a truly 
Chri-tinn cliaracter. 

Williiim II. Tnisk, cliriirinan of the committee jireviou-ly a'jpointed for the pur- 
pose, nported the fiiUowini^ resolutiuiis \vliich were also adapted : 

IV/'i^rfao: the Kev. Dorii-^ Cliirkc, D.D., lii.-t'niiii:raj)her of this fiociety f)r the past 
seven year^, has expre.-sed a wish to he relcnwed that oftoe, it \a thcivfure 

i\<.iv)/(v.(i', Tliat in ac edini; to this rei[iu'st we would bear witness to the iidelity 
and thiirou!^Iiiie-s which tie hns so truly iiianilestrd in the dischar^'e of th ,■ duties of 
said otlice, involving mueh correspondence, patient investigation and industry to 
eecure success. 

Resolved, Tiiat the thanks of this pi>eicty be tendered Dr. Clarke for the invaluable 
service he lias so long rendered us in this capacity, and tliat our best wishes go with 
him in the t'liture. 

Rtsolvkd, That the secretary be requested to furnish Dr. Clarke with a copy of 
these resolutions. 

On motion of Frederic Kidder, it was voted to petition the city government to re- 
medy the deficiencies of tlie oflicial records by procuring transcripts of existing church 
records or otherwise. 

Boston, Wednesday, February 3, 1875. — A stated meeting was held this afternoon 
at three o'clock, at tlie Society's House, lb Somerset street, the president, the Hon. 
JIarshall P. Wilder, in the chair. 

Edward R. Humphreys, Lli.D., of nekton, read a paper on "Oxford and Oxonians," 
which cembined much valuable information in regard to the history of the University 
of Oxford, England, and tiio course of study pursued there, with interesting remi- 
niscences of life in its walls, and accounts of. many of it." quaint old customs still 
observed. On motion of the Hon. Francis'B. Ha3-es. thanks were voted to Dr. 
Hamphrei-s fur his valuable paper. ^Ir. Ha3-es made some appropriate remarks 
upon t'le occasion, and, as a graduate of Harvard Colleire, reciprucated the kindly 
feelings which Dr. Humphreys, a graduate of an English university, had expressed 
toward that institution. 

John Vr. Dean, the librarian, made his monthly report of donations to the library. 
Durng January, tliere had l)een received 1.3 volumes, 55 pamphlets, 22 oLd State 
bank bills, 1 jjanuscrijit, 2 broadsides. Special mention was made of the donations 
of George T. Paine, uf Pruvidence, R. I., Charles 1". Duucklee, of New- York city, 
Miss Eilen D. Earned, of Thompson, Conn., and Gen. J. Watts de Peyster, of 
Tivoli,N. Y. 

A letter was read from Brev.-Maj.-Gen. Henry W. Benham, U.S.A. It was 
accompanied by the well-known manu.scriut history or record of Fort Independence, 
formerly Castle William, in Boston harbur, written from sixty to seventy-five years 
ago, and mainly by Major Nehemiah Freeuian, U.S.A. Gen. Benham deposits 
this volume for .safe keer>ing with the .society, and it is to be kept in the society's 
commodious safe. Thanks were voted to Gen. Benham. 


A History of Xew-Siceden : or. the Settlements on the River Delaware. Bv 
Israel Acuelius, Provost of tlie Swedish Churches in America, and 
Rector of the 01(1 Swedes' Church, Wilmington, Del. Translated from 
the Swedish, with an Introduction and Notfjs, by Willia^i M. Reynolds, 
D.D., member of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, etc. Published 
under the Joint Auspices of the Historical Societies of Pennsylvania and 
Delaware. Philadelphia: Publication Fund of the Historical Society of 
Pennsylvania, No. »:i'> Spruce Street. 1874. [8vo. pp. l.-j-ioS-lG-f- 
10 pages of Names of Subscribers to Pub. Fund.] 

As early as 1624 the heroieGustaf Adolph of Sweden conceived the idea of found- 
ing a Colony, or colonies, in >iorih America as a refuge for the persecuted Protestants 

1875.] Booh-Xotlces. 209 

of Europe. It was to be a free state, where nil tliould be secure in their persons, 
their pruijortv, :;iiil their riirlits of coii.scion>-v. Slavery was not to he permitted. 
The native inlialutants were to he treated khv.ily, ami, if potsihle, brouL,'ht within 
the elevatinir int'.iicnvx- n[ a Christian civiliz;\:i.'n. The iti<;a was as L^rand as it waa 
novel ; and it was worthy of the head arvl h.-.rt of its author. Duriui,' all the wars 
and po'.ititvl eom'.LHition's in whicli Uustaf \vj.> thtiieflMrward enrai^ed up to the 
time of his death in lt;:>v\ lie never lost sight o\. this project ; but it was reserved to 
bis friend ;'.nd pr'me :iiinister, hi's successor. aU.^ in the administration of tiie kin;^- 
dom, the ujrcat Axel Usoustiern, to praeticilly iuauu;arate the plans of liis august 
master. In lUiiT, he de>patehcd a colony to cLe banks of tlie Delaware. Here lliey 
arrived early in IGot*, and found the country unoccupied eave by a few peaceable 
Indians. , . ,• i v 

Two or three attempts in previous years by the Netherlanders to establish traflin;^ 
posts on the Delaware had utterly failed. The English, although claiming tho 
country as theirs by the dubious right of prior discovery, had never essayed a tottle- 
ment in tiiat locality. The Swedes, true to the sjnrit of their instructions, entered 
into treaties of amity with tlie natives of the ^^jii, and purchased from tlieui such 
privileiies as thev iiad to sell, namely, to inhabit, to hunt, to fish, and to tdl the 
soil without molestation from the aborigines ; and thus by the right of actual and 
permanent settlement they could claim the territory as against any other settlers or 
colonists in America. . 

The colony, thr.s happily begun, steadily donrishcd under the favoring support of 
the home government, and witli only a few interruptions from the Hollandero at 
Manhattan and the English of New-England, so long as Sweden continued t<3 hold 
its own among the great military powers. The colonists as steadily pursued the 
policy uf justiee, umi iience of peace, toward the Indians, and thus tet an example 
which Penn, his associates and successors, imitated and followed. \Vhen, however, 
Sv cd( n had exhaus ed her-elf by the '" thirty years' war," and when the great Uxen- 
stiern w-as dead, then, in IC.55, the Hollanders at. Manhattan under Stuywcsant sallied 
forth, more than sis hundred strong, subjugated the Swedes on the Delaware de- 
fended by less than one hundred and tifty iigii ring-men, and took possession of their 
country.' Their tvranny was sharp and opurtssive, but their dominion was short; 
for in less than "ten years both Swedes and Ilollauders in North America were 
brought under the swav of the crown and laws of Great Britain. 

But though the poli'tical connection was thus severed, the government, people, 
and Church'^of Sweden never ceased to take an aftectionate interest in tliose pio- 
neers of Christian civilization on the Delaware, and from time to time supplied them 
with religious teachers. Among these was the elder Campanius, who, as early as 
164-;2, under Governor Printz's administration, zealously engaged in the work of 
Christanizing the Indians. In this he ance-iated by several years the laboi-soi 
Eliot, " the apostle " to the Indians of Massachusetts, as he did probably by his Dia- 
logues and Vocabularies of the language of the Delawarcs,and by his translation of 
Lutler's Shorter Catechism, " any other attempts at reducing the language ot the 
Nort.i American Indians to writing." j r u 

In 1696. under the effjrts of Dr.^Svedberg, afterward bishop of Skara, and lather 
of the celebrated Emanuel Swedenborg, the " Swedish mission in America was 
established; and through this agency the Swe-.iish churches on the Delaware were 
furnished with a suf^cession of pastors and teachers, with books, and pecuniary aid 
for the erection of toeir churches. From 1696 to 1766 the number of clergymen thus 
furnished was not less than twenty-four, and a: a cost, it is estimated, ot Irom one 
hundred thousand to two hundred thousand dollars. During forty years, Ipmi IhOa 
ti) 1735, Bishop Svedberg was the constant friend and superintendent of this^mis- 
eion. He presented the^hurches with hundreds of copies of his hjinn book. '* Ue 
s«^nt big own son to them as a schoolmaster, and several of his relatives as clergy- 
men," says Dr. Reynolds : and " he maintained a constant correspondence with them, 
and wrote an extensive work (entitled 'America lUuminata'), on the subject ot mis- 
sions in America. . . In 1712, the Englbh ' Society for the Propagation of the Gos- 
pel ' thanked the king for his care of the Sweles in America, and electedBishop 
Svedberg as one of its honorary members. It was in accordance with his instruc- 
tions that the Swedish missionaries in Amerie^a maintained such intimate relations 
with this society and the Episcopal churches and clergymen in the same field of 
labijr." . . 

Among other distinguished Swedes who t-Kps. a deep interest in this mission were 
Charles XII. the king ; Professor Peter Kalm the naturalist, who while in America 

210 Booh-JSFotlces. [April, 

(174S-1750), found the matorinls for his two volumes of travels ami observations, 
andawilb; and Dr. Cliurlcs M;iL;nus von U'rangul, wlio from 1730 to 1768 was 
provost of the Swedish chiirclios on the Delaware. Several of tho Svvcdisli Ameri- 
can i)astors,— 8acli as lle^.-clius, Cjurek, and Aereliiis, — wrote and piihli=hed bookrt 
" on the state of the .Swedish (.'huroh in Anieriea." '• Of all these, however,^" says 
Dr. Koynolds, " the work of A'Telius is the most coinj)loce and respeciahie." Tlie 
work tha> sj^oken of is the one before us, which is now f jr the first time given to the 
•world in tlie EnLcIisli h^ngne. The Ilev. isiael Acrclins, the author, returned to 
Sweden after about seven years' residence in America, and, after more than thirty 
additional years of service in t!ie church, died in ISOO, aged ei:;hty-six. 

The " History of New Sweden"' was puldishcd in Stuckholm in 1759, after the au- 
thor's return. The existence of this work and its great value in an historical point of 
view have long been known to tliosc who are familiar with Swedish literature. A 
portion of it was translated as early as I7i)'.l, by the Rev. Nicholas Collin, the last 
Swedish rector of the churches on the Dehiware, and now forms a portion of \ olume 
I. (N. S.) of the "Collections " of the New- York Historical Society. 

The whole work has been translated and edited by Dr. Keynolds. About 
one half of the volume is devoted to the history of Swedish colonization on the Dela- 
ware ; the Swedish, Holland and English administrations; the administrations of 
Pend, his associates and heirs ; to a description of the country (New Sweden), — its 
towns, trade, agriculture, and stock-raising; the manners and customs of the peo- 
ple generally ; the iron works in Pennsylvania and the adjacent English colonies; 
and the more remarkable trees in Pennsylvania. 

The remaining half of the volume is devoted to the state of the Swedish churches 
from 16^5 to 169B, including sketches of their pastors and a minute history of the 
events connected with these churches through all their vicissitudes. The author gives 
a list of Swedish books, sent from Sweden to America, and an account of his visit 
in 1753 to the " community " of Dunkers, a kind of -\nabaptists, settled at a place 
called Ephrata in the county of Lane-aster, Penn., — a .sort of Protestant cloister ; 
abo an account of his visit to the Moravian "community" at Bethlehem. These 
narratives are very entertaining and instructive. 

This work of Acrelius shows him to have been a thoroughly good and devoted 
pastor, a man of more than ordinary ability, a keen and careful observer. As a 
contribution to the early ecclesiastical and civil history of the country, it has great 
value, independent of its descriptions ol the habits and customs of the people, and of 
the products of the soil or of manufactures. As an authoritative history of Swedish 
colonization, it has a peculiar interest to us of this day, who see how immense has 
been and still is the emigration of Swedes to this country, — an emigration so large, 
reckoning also those born of Swedish parents in America, as likely soon to ex- 
ceed the number of Swedes left at home. Most excellent and desirable citizens 
they are now, as were their predecessors in the 17th and 18th centuries, — 
whether we consider them in respect to industry, frugality, honesty, intelligence, or 

The volume is beautifully printed ; and is illustrated with a portrait of Acrelius, 
and a map of" Nova Sueci'a," or New Sweden, and of the " Smenska " or Swedes' 
river, now the Delaware, being a fac-simile of a reduced copy of the original 
of Peter Lindstrdm, the royal Swedish engineer. The volume constitutes the of the Memoirs of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, and it may be 
well claimed that it is not inferior in interest or value to any of their previous 

Journals of General Corivenfiojis of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the 
United States, 1 73.5-1 835. Published bv authority of General Conven- 
tion. Edited by William Stevens Perry, D.D. Vol. I. 1785-1821. 
Cliiremout, N. H. The Claremont Mannfactnrinjr Company. 1874. 
[Svo. pp. &'ob.'] Vol. II. 1823-1S35. [pp. 73G.] Vol. III. [pp. viii.-f- 

The first general convention of the Protestant Church was held in Philadelphia, 
September 27 to October 7, 1785. As early as the year IS It great difficulty was 
found in obtaining sets of the. journals of the general conventions, and in the year 
1817 a reprint of these journals in one volume was published by Bioren of Phila- 
delphia. A few yearn later, but one entire collection of the originals from which 

1875.] Booh-Notices. 211 

thi?; reprint was made could be found. So rapidly had these documents disappeared, 
that in 1S53 it was stated that i)robably " less tlian ten entire fiet> of the journale of 
the general c .inv. ntions were iu the po^^ession of diocesefi or individuals in the land." 
In the meanwhile, ropoatod ellorts were made tu accomplish tlse reprinting of the 
journals, and thes^ fmally were *j far suoeersful that in IbOl tlic lirst volume of the 
proposed scries appeared, under the joint cditornliip of tlie lute Iter. Dr. Franci-<_ L. 
Hawks then iillin;; the office of historiographer of the church, and the Jtcv. W'llliani 
Stevens Perry th3 edit' I- of the present edition. Owing however to the failure of 
thP! ])ublishi T, and other causes cluclly growing out of the civil war, the further 
publication of that edition was abandoned. 

After the failure of cir)rts extending back for nearly forty years the work is now 
aca.mplished, through tlie zealous cooperation of the present editor and the enter- 
prUirig publishers oi' this edition. From what we know of the habitual thorough- 
ness a nd serupLilous accuracy of Dr. Perry, the present historiographer uf the ehurch , 
in such matlei-s, we are fully prepared to believe that this edition is a faithful 
transcript of the original journals from 1785 to 1835, a period, strictly speaking, 
covered !)y the tirst two volumes. 

The third volume contains a complete index of the three volumes, and a " collection 
of important documents illustmting the formation period " of the history of the 
Protestant Episcopal Cluirch, edited and supplemented with notes by Dr. Perry. 
S(0 that, in fact, in this the third volume we have a complete history of the organiza- 
tion of the church, and, taken in connection with volumes 1 and 2, a history of its 
legislation f>r half a century. 

Among the interesting matters contained in the third of these volumes we have 
room to lucntiou a few only. Here will be found a complete history of the eQbrts 
made to secure American bi«liops : of the famous " Proposed Book," sometimes but 
tiToiiejusly styled the '* tJishop-\Vhite Prayer-Dook; " of the framing of the ac- 
cepted llof'k of Common Prayer and the Articles of Picligion ; the textof " Bishop 
Seabury's Communion Office; " " The C;u<e of the Episcojial Churches in theUnited 
States considered," by Bishop White; and some curious letters, among which are 
Kcveral of Granville Sharp and of Dr. Franklin, and an account of the " Prayer 
Book " gotten up by the Doctor and his friend the Baron le Di.'^penser. 

We need not enlarge upon the value of such a work as this, not only to the mem- 
bers of this Church, but also to historical students and writers, and to the collectors 
of rare books. a. h. h. 

Papers relating to the History of the CJiurch in Massachisetf.s, A. D. 1G76- 

178.5. Edited by 'iIVilliam" Stevens PEnr.y, D.D. Privately Printed. 

1873. [4to. large paper, uncut, pp. 720.] 

For some years, Dr. Perry, the historiographer of the Protestant Episcopal Church, 
has been engaged, under the sanction of the ecclesiastical authorities, in collecting, 
eJiting and publishing what may be called, not improperly, the Documentary His- 
tory of the Church. ^Xhe first volume, published in 1670, relates to Virginia ; the 
tecond, in 1871, to Pennsylvania ; the third of the series is the volume now under 
notice, which is to be followed by others, relating to the history of the Pro- 
testant Episcopal Church in the remainder of the " ola thirteen colonies." 

This is a private enterprise, involving vast labor, and a heavy expenditure of time 
ird money. These volumes are published by subscription, and under conditions 
e.W( lingly liberal and favorable to those who subscribe for the entire series. 

To hi.--torical students it is needless to say that such a series as this is will he of 
p-ftit ]ir;u:tit-al vulue, and that no public or private library aiming at completeness 
or working eiliclency can afford to do without it. In fact, the hi.-toiy of these States 
could not l>e understood, much less written, without a careful study of the material 
contiine-i and to be contained in these volumes. Not a few of tlie papers in the 
Volume before us liave been printed before, but in detaciied forms, and not always 
with that MTupulous care as to the accuracy of the text which is absolutely necessary 
fur historical uses;. 

Tlic largest portion of this volume, like its predecessors, is made up of papers 

Printed fr'm_ copies of the originals in the archives of the Sees of Canterbury and 
'ork, and of the Venerable Society for the Propagation of the Go.-pcl in Furei'^n 
Parts. In the Appendix, the editor gives papers copied from the originals in the 
B<.idleian library, Oxford. 

In all cases, the matter was printed from faithful transcripts of the originals, and 
this volume embraces everything of importance in the depositories above named. 

212 Booh-N'otices. [April, 

These facts make this ^vork one of authority, and will thus supersede the necessity 
of consulting the origiiKvls. 

It is to ^e hoped that Dr. Perry may he encouraged by liberal subscriptions to go 
on witli tliis work, M-hich, eo tar, rotlocts the highest credit upon hi.s editorial 

A. H. U. 

History of Windham County, Connecticut. By Ellen D. Lakm-.d 

Vol. I. IGOU-nOO. Puhli.hedbytheAutlior, 1871. Worcester, Mass. : 
Printed by Charles Ilauiiltuu. 187-i. [Svo. pp. xi.-f o83.] 

Though Windham county was not incorporated till May, 17>'G, it was settled in 
the previous _ century, having loruied portions ot llartlurd and New-London 
counties. It is rich in historical as^^ociations and well deserves the minute and care- 
fully prepared hi-tory which Mi^s Larned has here given us. 

After a prLliminary chaj-ter, devoted to the alwriginal history of the territory, the 
volume is divided into tour l)ook.-:;, the first giving the history of the several settle- 
ments previous to the erection of the county in i72tj ; the Becond eontinuin^- their 
annals to tlu' year 1716 ; the tliird, I7ia to-HGO, i;ivin;;an account of the " .vpai'^tc 
Movement'' produced by the great religious exciteVuent of that day, in which 
' separatioas trom the mother cimrclics were etl'.'utpd and new churches formed, 
claiming greatly increased purity and soirituality," in every town iu the county 
and the fourth, to the general atlliirs of the county from 1715 to 1760, including the 
troubles and revolt m W'oo.istock wiiieh resulted in transferring that town from the 
jurisdiction _ol Massachusetts to that of Connecticut. 

At the time of its incorporation the coujity contained eleven towns, namely, 
Windhrtm T,?bnPon, riiintlrM, Canterburv, '^lansileld, Coventry, Pomfie:, Kil- 
lingly, Ashlord, \ oluntown and -M(jrtlake. Ju 1756 it contained twelve towns and 
20,01 1 inhahit;inti ; in 1771. the same number of towns and -28, 12S inhabitants ; and 
at the last L meed States census in 15^70, sixteen towns with a population of 33 ..518. 
lietween the last two dates, the county was shorn of a considerable portion of its 

A map of ancient Windham, containing all the territory ever portaininf to 
\\ indham county, witii the original boumls and land grants so far as they could be 
identified, is here given ; also, a fac-simile of an original plot of Mashamo-iuet, by 
John Chandler, Jr., May 13, 1710, preserved among the town records of Pomfret. 

The author is to be congratulated upon the manner in wtiich she has execute! her 
task ; upon the fulness and thorouglmess of the information concerning this ancient 
county which she has been enabled to obtain ; and upon the clear and lucid aiTun re- 
ment of her materials. ° 

_ The second volume, which will bring the history of the county down to the present 
time, IS in preparation, and will probably be issued within two years. j. w. d. 

Tin Story of the '■'■ Domns Dei" of Portsmonth, commonly called the Royal 

Harrison Church, By II. P. Wnicaix, 3I.xi., Chaplmn to the Forcis, 

and Chaplain to II.R.II. the Duko of Cambridice. K.G. Nihil scriptum 

. miraculi causa.— Tacitus. London: James Parker & Co., 377 Strand. 

1873. [r2mo. pp. 211, and xii.] 

Portsmouth, it is well known, is one of the oldest of the garrison towns of En^-land 
and has had a history both eventful and interesting. The Royal Garrison Chifrch of 
Portsmouth is all that is letc of the ancient Hospital, Maison Dieu or Domus 
Dei, which once occupiwl a of the now Governor's Green and the oround lyin"- 
between the south t-ide of tiie church and the ramparts. This Domus D^i was 
toundeu by Peter dellupibus, bishop of Winchester, about the year 1212, and for 
many generations was used for it-s ori^dnal purposes,— the reception and succor of 
religious pilgrims and strangers. In the course of centuries, it fell into deeay and 
sutiered more or less from neglect and civil commotions, and only partial attempts, 
at long intervals, were made to restore its former state and use. 

Kecently, the work of restoration was seriously and energetically bcun, with the 
sanction of the govemment, and with the aid of oiK^ers of the army and navv, and 
\ ^^/■hers, under the direction of an executive committee, of which the Wnerable 
Archdeacon \7right, the author of this volume, was an active and efSeient member, 
ibis undertaking has gone on steadily, though slowly, for a number of years, and is 
now nearly, if not quite, completed. The result must be highly gratifyin"- to the 

1875.] Boolc-jSFotices. 213 

inhabitants of Portsmouth, to the ofTioers of the f!;arrison, and to all who have aided 
by labor, counsel, or I'ccuniary oontributions. 

Archiiuacun Wrii^lit has now prepared and nublinlied a very interesting history of 
thia ecelesiastic-al relic, givin^u; all the I'actti and tmditiuiis extant that he could glean 
from ancient records, public and private, from books, and from all other sources 
accessible. The text ia also copiously illustrated with eni^'ravinge on wood, photo- 
graphs, maps, ])lans, >i.e. 

Tho work of n Turn sliing the interior, and the erection of memorial-window?, 
tablets, and other mem'->rialH in honor ehielly of the distinijuishcd dead of tlie army 
and navy, has l)een carried forward with great success, so that in this respect thii 
restored edilice bids fair tu be a lesser Westminster Abbey. 

Sometime during the year 1874, through the courtesy of Archdeacon Wright, an 
invitation was extended to the ijtatc ot New-Hampshire to erect in this ancient 
church a memorial to Captain John Mason, the patentee and founder of the province 
of is'ew-llampsliire. A lew gentlemen, most, if not all, ot wliom are natives of that 
State, availed themselves of Ihis invitation, and have contributed the sum of one 
hundred and ten pounds sterling, the amount necessary to accomplish the result 
aimed at. •*• h. u. 

The Siege of Savannah, in 1779, as described in tiro Contemporaneous Jour- 
nals of French Officers in the Fleet of Count U Estainrj. Albany, N. Y.: 
Joel MiiDseli, Si'State Street. 1874. [Royal 4to., uncut, pp. 77.] 
Our knowledge of the history of the Siege of Savannah in 17T9, by the fleet under 
Count D'Estaing, and the land forces under General Lincoln, has been chietiy de- 
rived from Eugiiou and American suurces. The vulume before us supplies the most 
satisfactory French account of that transaction that has cume to light. This intur- 
mation comes froiu two sources : first, from a copy of a manuscript journal of 
a French oiSccr, or of some person connected with the besieging fleet, who undoubt- 
edly was present during the siege, and personally cognizant of the events he de- 
scribes. This is sufficiently indicated by the minuteness ot the details and the accuracy 
of the description of certain persons, places and incidents, — a minuteness and accu- 
racy which, in some essential respects, are not to be found in any of the Eui^lish or 
x\merican narratives. Supplementary to this account, we have here also the journal 
of a French ofEcer who participated in the siege, which was printed in Paris in l7s:J. 
This, too, contains interesting and new- matter. Both the manuscript and the 
printed journal were procured in Paris, at the Luzarche sale in ISG'J', and are the 
property of ^Ir. J. Carson Erevoort, of Brooklyn, X. Y. The translations were mad& 
oy Mr. Charles C. Jones, Jr.. of New-York, who has added valuable and interesting 
notes upon the text. He has also enriched this publication by a photo-lithographio 
copy ot an original map, purchased at the late sale of Lord FCawdon's papers, and 
selected from his military portfolio, showing the plan of the siege. It is apparently 
the work of a German or Swiss engineer, and was undo ibtedly used by British or 
ilessian offieers during the siege. a. h. n. 

The Isles of Shoals. An Historical Sketch. By JoHX Scribner Jexxess. 
New-Y'ork : Published by Hurd & Houghton. Cambridge : The Eiver- 
eide Press. 1S73. [lirno. pp. 182.] 

The Isles of Shoals, whose location and the poetic and romantic side of whose 
histor,- must be known to all who are tolerably familiar with New-England guide 
bojks and New-England poetry of the day, have been growing in the public estima- 
tion for twenty or tliirty years last past as a watering-place. Now they fairly rival 
the oldest and hitherto most famous in America ; and it is believed that as soon as 
the charm ol their climate in summer comes to be generally known, they will 
scarcely atiord ro<jm fur the travellers, — pleasure- or health-seeking, — who shall fre- 
quent them. 

Beside;^ otfering abundant material for the poet's fancy and the painter's skill, 
these Lies have a history, which dates as far back as that of any part of the 
Atlantic coast, and it is the purpose of this book to give that history. 

The author of this attractive and handsomely illustrated little volume does not 
own or keep a hotel, and must be excused from any charge of having prepared this 
book for an advertisement. His motive was a more laudaole one than that. He is a 
native of Portsmouth, and, knowing from boyhood how many attractions these Isles 

VOL. XXIX. 19 

214 Booh-jSFotices. [April, 

have, botl\ fur the traveller and tlie invalid, has 60U!,'ht, in an informal ^ay, to arid 
to their iutevost. and ui'^o tu add a chapter to our written history. It will undoubtedly 

frow upon his hands, aud come to bo accepted as a iwrmancnt chapter in the local 
istory of New-England. a. h. n. 

Oration cMn'ered hcfore the Oi(>/ Government and Citizens of Boston in 
Music Jlall, Ji'.l/ 4., iy7 t. By Ricir.vRU Frothingham. Boston: 
Kock^s-ull .^ Churchill, City Printers, 122 TVashington Street. 1874. 
[8vo. pp. 55. Pamphlet.] 

Inadvertently, -we have hitherto ncfjlected to notice this oration, v,hich is the more 
interestinif because it was pronounoeu in the centennary of the true birth of that 
joint political action on tlie part of the colonies whioii resulted afterward in the de- 
claration of independence, in the confederacv, in successful resistance to the armed in- 
tervention of the F.iitiyh ministry, and, {hially, in the actual and ackuowIe<lged 
independence of the colonies. The oration is specially valuable in that, for the tirst 
time, as we belie'^c, the true =ignificance aud influence of this political action 
of the continental congress of 177-1 are pointed out and suitably discussed. This 
is done in an historicafaa well as philusophical manner. 

The treatment of such a theme aiforded the orator fitting opportunity for re- 
calling the attention of the people to the principles upon which our federal and con- 
stitutional governnient was fuunded, and the imperative necessity at the present 
time, esiiecialiy, of understanding and sedulously protecting these principles from, 
either decay or encroachment. 

If the whole American people could be brought to a knowledge and hearty ac- 
ceptance of these truths in action as well as in theoiy, it would be well for them 
and their posterity. a. h. h. 

The Colonial IHecords of Virginia. Richmond, Va. : E. F. Walker, Su- 
perintendent Public Printing. 1874. [Quarto, pp. 106. Paper Covers.] 

This volume is the one referred to in the Register for July, 1874, page 362, as then 
in press. Its contents briefly stated by titles are as follows : 

1. The proceedings of the first as.seuibly of Virginia, held July 30, 1619. 2. 
Lists of the living and the dead in Virginia, February 16, 1623. 3. A brief declara- 
tion of the plantation of Virginia, during the tirst twelve years, when Sir Thomas 
Smith governor of the company. 4. A li?t of the number of men, women and 
children, intiabitants in the several counties within the colony of Virginia, in 1634. 
5. A letter from Charles II. acknowledging the receipt of a present of Virginia 
silk, 1668. 6. A list of the parishes in Virginia, 1630. 7. Addenda (notes). 

The documents in this volume are printed from copies obtained from the public 
record-office of Great Britain, and, with une exception, none of them have ever be- 
fore been printe<J, and with the same exception no copies of them had ever been in 
thi country since the originals were first sent to England at or about the time indi- 
cated by their dates. 

This volume, which is the first instalment of a series of similar documents, to be 
published by the state of Virginia, was brought out under the superintendence of 
the late Col. Thomas II. Wynne, and of W. S. Oilman, Esq., chairmen respectively 
of the set.ate and house committees on the library. 

As materials for a history of Virginia, these documents are of great value, and 
whoever has occasion to examine tiiem will congratulate himself that they have 
been made accessible to the public in a printed form. a. h. h. 

Crenealojical Memoir of (he Newcomh Family, containing Records of nearly 
every ■person of the jS'ame in America from 1G35 to 1874. A/so the First 
Generation of Children descended from Females who have lost the Xame of 
Newcomh by Marriage. With Notices of the Family in England during 
the past Seven Hundred Years. By Joiix Bearse Newcomb, of Elgin, 
Elinois. Eleven Portraits on Steel. Elgin, Illinois : Printed for the 
Author by Knight & Leonard, Chicago. 1874. [8vo. pp. 600.] 
The author has been engaged nearly fourteen ye^irs in preparing the present work. 

It " was begun," he says, " and has been carried forward as a ' bbor of love.' An 


Booh-Kotice$. 215 

inc'redi))Ie araoimt of time has been bestowed upon it, the last four years having been 
almustwhuUy devotrd to it. Several thonsand letters have been \\ritten,— as high, 
in one instance, as six hundred in a pinL'-le month, — and raanv more circulars have 
been sent out S(jh'eitin.^' ra(,-tri respeetini^ ilie Camily. IV-nioiis oi the largest experience 
have been employed in cearchiui,' old as well as modern records." 
^ I'his volume contains the .suhstance of tliousands of letters, varying in ltn:;th 
" from a f^hijIp pi'u'e, note laze, to over sixty pai^os of fool.-^cap. closely written and 
mucl< abhreviaKd,'' which have been received^ by Mr. Newcomb, and which, if 
printed, would Jill several volumes of tlie size of the present one. 
_ The arrangement of thi-^ e;r-neaIoi;y varits but little from that in use at the present 
time in the Register, and tlie ancestors and descendants of the various individuals 
are easily traced by it. There are three indexes given: the first, of s:»Miers who 
have served in tlie various wars in this country ; the second, of the christian names 
of persons by the name of Newcomb ; and the third, of the surnames of other imli- 

The work is appropriately dedicated to the memory of the author's only child, Miss 
Foneta A. Newcomb, who died last spring, at the age of twenty-two, and to wliosc 
cultivated taste the author acknowledges hi.s indebtedness. "A paragrapfi from 
President Wilder's annual address before this society in 1871, forms an appropriate 
motto for the book. 

It seems to be compiled in a careful and praiseworthy manner, and the printin<r, 
paper, illustratioris and binding of the volume are worthy of the contents. Besides 
the eleven steel portraits, mentioned in the title pa^re, numberless fac-similes of 
autographs are furnished. "^ j. w. d. 

Transactions of the Foyal lUstorical Society. Edited by the Rev. Charlks 
RoGEas, I.L.D. \'ol. III. London. Printed for the Society. 1874. 
[8vo. pp. 4GG.] 

ThB third instalment comes freighted, as usual, with valuable historical papers, 
besides the names of the members of the Society, now numbering 38.3, the volume 
contains eleven historical essays, which cannot tail to be helpful and suggestive to 
the student who may wi-h to investigate any of the subjects to which they relate. 
^^6. have not space to refer to each of the different subjects as they well deserve. 
>\ e give the subjects as follows : 

J,- I^oraestic Everj'-day Life in the Ancient World. By George Harris, Esq., 

2. Old-found Lands in North America. Bv Thomas ]Mor-^n. Esq., F.R.H.S. 
3 The Rise of the English Legal Profession. Bv J. W. Hill, Esq., of Trinity 
tolle^re, Cambridge, and of the Middle Temple, Barfister-at-Law, F.R.H.S. 

4. Three Poets of the Scottish Reformation: Alexander Cunningham, Fifth Earl 
of ( lencairn; Henry Balnaves, of Halhill ; and John Davidson, Minister at Pres- 
tunpans. By the Rev. Charles Rogers, LL.D., F.R.H.S., F.S.A. Scot., and Cor. 
^^^t-""^- of the Hist. Soc. of New-England. 

5. The great Mace and other Corporation Insignia of the Borough of Leicester : 
with an Apj)endis on Corporate Emblems and Insignia in England and Wales. By 
W :liia-u Kelly, Esq., F.R.H.S. 

G. A! ventures of a Bohemian Nobleman in Palestine and Egypt in the Days of 
Queen Elizabeth. By the Rev. A. H. Wratislaw, F.R.H.S. 

'• ^^l^ 1" the History of British Life Assurance. By George Tomkins, Esq., 

8. On the Possibility of a Strictly Scientific Treatment of Universal History. By 
Oufitavus Georoj Zerfii, Esq., Ph. D., F.R.H.S. 

9. Malta and its Knights. Bv the Rev. Samuel Cowdv. LL.D., F.R.H.S. 

10. The Art Revival in Italy. 'By George Browning, Esq., F.R.H.S., Hon. Sec. 
for the Encouragement of the Fine Arts. 

11. fcoti:e account ofSir Audley Mervvn, His Majesty's Prime Sergeant and Speaker 
in the House of Commons in Ireland, from 1661 till 1666. By John P. Prenderirast, 
Est^., Barns ter-at-Law, and Hon. F.R.H.S. 

The article, which wiil especially interest readers on this side of the Atlantic, i.s 
that entitled '• Old-Found Lands in North America," by Thomas Morgan, Esq. It . 
relates to the Icelandic voyages to this country in the eleventh century. A careful 
reading of this paper will furnish a veiy good general idea of this interesting opening 

216 Booh-Notices. [April, 

of American history. Tlie attention of antliiuarlt^ hafl of late hcfin directed to 
this suhjeet, and scvmil cntortainiiv^ voliinu.H liavi; hwu written. Tlie field is how- 
ever a \\ide one, and future iuvesti_:^ation3 will prul)ai)ly throw upon it much ad<ii- 
tional Hi^ht. 

VVhile'this paper by Mr. Mur-an Li w..ll wrltlcn and ^'cncrally supported by trust- 
^vo^tIly authorities, we are areatly suv]>risfd to find that I'inkorton'e V(jyai:es and 
Travels aiv; referred to as autiiority both in the text and fi)Ot-nute<?. The eccentric 
John rii;kert.>o had a mania for printin.;; books, and had the gratitioation of fot-in^ 
seventeen huixe quartos ubhered into the world hcavitifr his name and the title of 
" Voyag(S and Travels." How much he really knew of th.fcir contents eanca'^ily be 
imagined. The paf-sages which Mr. Moriran quot' s in his fnot-noteb contain several 
palpable errors, as wc mifrht expect. Uut Pinkertun is not reeponsilile for tliem. 
He took the article from" Harris's Voyages, by whom it was prol)abIy conii)iled. 
Harris published his coUectiun as a popular advt'nture, and, like the eudless volumes 
of Peter Parley, they had their day and tiieir use. They were never intended to 
aid or advance the critical study of history, and we must believe they were referred 
to by Mr. Moriran under a raisajiprehension of their historical value. 

The volume befire us is unilorm in form and type with the preceding publica- 
tions of the Rojal Historical Society, is carefully edited, and has an iudes to names, 
an indispensable characteristic of a good historical work. e. f. s. 

Ikist Jcrs'^y vmkr the Fropricfari/ Governments: a Narrative of Events 
connected icith the Settlement and Progress of the Province, until the Sur- 
render of the Government to the Crown in 1703. Drarva principaUij frora 
origivai sources. By " A. Whitkiiead. "With an Appendix, 
containing "■ the iSIodel of tlie Govt-rninent of East New-Jersey, in 
America, "by George Scott, of Pitlochie." Reprinted from the oriirinai 
edition of lC8o. Second Edition, Revised and Enlarged. Newark, N. J.: 
Martin- R. Dennis. 1875. [Svo. pp. x.-f— i86.] 

The first edition of this work published in 1B46, and constituting Volume T. of the 
Collections of the New- Jersey Historical Society, has for some years been out of 
print. Its merits as a chnpter in the history of New-Jersey, — covering the mosc 
important if not the most interesting period of that history, — have been known to 
all our historical students for more than a quarter of a century, by w^horn it has been 
univerially recognized as an authority of the hiirhest class. Upon its first appear- 
ance it at once superseded the ireneral histories of Smith (.1765) and Gordon (1S34), 
and other works referring to New-Jersey. 

In his preface to the present edition, the author expresses his gratification " that 
nothinc has been developed since the publication of the first edition, through the 
researches of himself or others, controvertiuir any stat »u)euL of importance either of 
facts or of views which it contained." Much light, '.owever, he further remarks, 
" has been thrown upon some portions of the history ; and all have received some 
further elucidation from sources then unknown or inaccessible, and from having now 
in print what was then only in manuscript." In this he refers specially to the 
analytical index to the colonial documents of the state in the English archives, 
published by the New-Jevsey Ili-toricai Society, — co[)ies of most of which documents 
the Society has secured ; and to the New- York colonial documents. 

The present edition has been thoroui^hly revised by its learned author, and 
Tendered more complete by the addition of much entirely new matter. a. h. h. 

Genealogy of the Wells Ffmily, of Wells, Maine. By Cn.\KLES K. "Wells. 
Milwaukee: Press of Burdick and Armitage, 100 Michigan St. 1874. 
[Svo. pp. 43-}- (Appendix) 38.] 

The Well^, or Welles fnmiiy in England is of anidcnt oriHn. About 1635 several 
families of that name, — some spelling the name _\\'eils, others Welles, — emigrated 
to Massachusetts. It is probable t'liat Thomas Wells, of Ipswich, was the earliest 
emigrant of the name to Mass.acliU'^rtts, where he is found as early as 1635. The 
name of his wife was Abig^iil, daughter of William Warner. By her he had not 
less than eisht children, 'riic irenoaloan/ of his third sim, Thomas, prepared by Mr. 
David- W. Iloyt, was pa'-lislied ia the IIkcister for April, 1853 (vol. jij. 157), and 
it 19 the object of this voluoie to trace the descendants of his second son, John' 


Booh-Notices. 217 


ioeciallv thron'-h the earlier getierationa. It is to be hoped that eome one -will 
nlKnish fur pubHcati,.n thct^enealo.y of Nathaniel, the first son, who died m 
ItiSl-acd whose wife was Lydia Thiirlloy. 

Ahout 1057, as it is suppus..J. John W ells, second son of Thomas of Tpswioh, went 
to Woljti Miin.' anH tbA" <ptrled. Th.^re mNo i.hont l(i'i4 or \UWo ho was married 
to Sarah Littlelicld of that pla.-e. He died April 11, 1GG7. leaving four children ; 
and thL>e, contrary to the statement of. Savau'o, the comp'ler nehcves to h;jve hoea 
all he ever had. Fruin these children,— John, 'I hoinas, Patience and harali,— have 
descended a large family, not a few of whom have beeil or are disunguishcd id the 
various prufese^ions and callings. , ,. -i.- ^ i. i .a-.,™ 

The work teems to have been compiled with care and a disp.jsition to take nothing 
for 'rranted without evidence ; and when doubt exists, it is stated, i he compiler by 
his researches is able to correct many of the errors of Mr. bayage and such ati oc- 
cnrve.i in the account of Thomas Wclla in the article entitled '• Physicians ol Ips- 
wich," contained in pa^e.s 11 and 12 of tiie 4th volume of the Register. 

The volume also contains a reprint of xMr. D. U . iloyt 8 skeccb .,1 the tainily of 
the Rev. Thomas Wells, first minister of Amesliury (the younger brother ot John 
of Wells Me.). In the Appendix the comiulcr gives the wills ot ihomas \\ eUs, 
oflpswich, executed in UitiB, his widow Abigail, dated in 1671, ot barah, wulow 
of John Vrells ot Wells, .Me., and afterward widow ot W dliam buyer, dated in liJ4 
of John Wells dated in 174S, Thomas dated in 1737. John dated in 17/U, Nathaniel 
dated in 177G. Robert dated in 1^0-2, and of Daniel (lated lf-61 

The compiler of this valuable genealogy. Charles KuubalP Wells (i. t. 1H4-), to 
whom we are indebted for a copy, is a descendant ot Ihoraas^ Wells ot Ipswich, 
throu'^h Daniel,« Robert,* Nathaniel,* Thomas,' John,- all ot Ueils, Maine. 

A. H. n. 

A Colh'ction of Fivmhj Records, icith Bior/raphJcal SJ.-efches and other 
Memoranda of various Families and Individuals hearing the name Daw- 
son, or allied to Families of that name. Compiled by Charles C. 
Dawsox. "For a Memorial."— Ex. xvii. U. Albany, N. Y. : Joel 
Munsell, 82 State Street, 1874. [Bvo. pp. 572, uncut.] 
A Record of the Descendants of Robert Dawson, of East Haven, Conn. 
lucluding'Barnes, Bates, Beecher, Bissell, Calaway, Carpenter, Cary, 
Colman,°Doolittle, Doud, Douglass, Dresser, Evans, Fox, Fuller, Gran- 
nis, Johnsou, Melov, Morse, Parsons, Perkins, Richmond, Rogers, 
Sigournev, Sill, Smi"th, Stone, Tuttle, Van Buren, AValker, T\erdou, 
"Whittlesey, Woodruff, aud numerous other Families, with many Biogra- 
phical and Genealogical Notes concerning the same. Compiled by 
Charles C Dawsox, . . . Albany, N. Y. : Joel Munsell, 82 State 
Street. 1874 [8vo. pp. 115.] 

The Dawson family, as the author of this large and compact volume says, is both 
ancient, numerous and widely scattered, so that "it may be sately asserted taat 
there i-* no English speaking country or colony where the name is not tound and 
the com!uerciifl enternrise ' and religious zeal of individuals have carried u hir 
bevord tiiese limits,— into nearly all lands, indeed, christian and heattien. itie 
nauie of Dawson is borne by an "important river in East Australia, by a lake m 
faiiuda, by an island in the Pacific, by a street and place m London, a street in . 
Dublin," and " by several counties and post offices in the United istates. 

The tir--t tiiirtten paijes of the volume are devoted to the origin, siL'Uihcance and 
history of the name. "^Then follow the genealogies of some fifty lamilie> of tne 
name," originally settled in New-England, Nev.--York, New-Jersey, Pennsylvania, 
Maryland, \'ir:iinia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Ceurgia, Louisiana, and 
Canada. So far the compiler has not been able to trace the relationship, it any ex- 
isted, between the original emigrants. The descendants in the male liae from each 
of the original emigrants are given with great fulness, and apparently with caretul 
attention to accuracy in details. Copious and valuable foot-notes biographical and 
genealogical are also furnished, with a supplementary chapter of corrections and 
additions. The wurk is richly illustrated with steel-engraved portraits, of which 
there are thirteen, including that of il. B. Dawson, Esq., the e'-litor and puolisher of 
the " Historical Magazine." 
VOL. X5IX 19* 

218 Book-N^otices. [April, 

The second title rti/OTC i^ivcn 16 that of a volume •which embraces a part of the 
main colloctiun, aud ooiitnin.s the ran\iiy to which the compiler, Mr. Charles Cirull 
Dawsou, belongs, ^vho is ot the sixth gfnenitiou fruin Ro'vrt Da-wion above n.inieii. 

The plan adopted in the arrani^cmciic of these i;(;nealogied differs in some respect>J 
from thot of any i-im:l;;r worlc wilh wirmh v»u are iliuiiliar. Tt answers the purpoe^e 
well enough, and we see no fipeeitil objci'tiiin to it, except that it increases the ex- 
ii>iiv\ir variety of plans. The tendency of late has been to uuifijrmity of arran^e- 
niOQt, and thia on many accounts Is deBirablc. a. n. n. 

Life and Correspondence of Samuel Jolmson, D.D., Missionary of the 
Churck of Enr^ktnd in Connecticut, and first President of King's CoUuje, 
Netc-Tork. Bv E. Edavauus De.^udsley, ]).!)., Rector of St. Tho- 
mas's Church, New-Haven. Second Edition. New- York : Published by 
Hurd & Houghton. London : Kivingtons. 1874. [8vo. pp. 38U.] 

Dr. Johnson {ante, vol. xxvii. pp. 42-17, 207-i!3r)) — the life-long friend of Bishop 
Berkeley, and one of the tutors of Yale ODilei^o, who in 17-22, in connection with 
Dr. Cutler, then rector of that institution, and with others, made declaration of 
conformity to the Church of England, — was, in his eubeequent career, 6o respectable 
a character, and such a useful and honored man, that it has loncc been a matter of 
purpriec that a suitable bioj^raphy of him has never before been prepared and piib- 
lidhcd. It is true th;U we had Dr. Chandler's Life of Dr. Johnson, first publL-hcd 
in 1805, or more than thirty years after it was written, but that was left incomplete 
and unrevised by its author, and was entirely inadequate and unsatisfactory as a 
biography of one who was emiacxiC fur intellectual ability and culture, "Varied 
•and gonnd scholarehip, exalted personal worth, and prominent in the ranks of 
the public men of hi., eventful day ; and who, if now living, would be etiually 

The preparation of a biography worthy of the subject, and answering the require- 
ments of the critical canons which regulate such writings as this, was reserved to 

Our only regret is that he did not eidarge the work sufliciently t ) embrace more of 
Dr._ Johnson's letters and journals, and more of the documtntary history of tho 
period. W'hat he has given us whets the appetite and excites the hope that the 
great mass of Dr. Johnsons manuscripts may be still further utilized. 

The portrait which torms the frontispiece of the volume is from a painting in 
the possession of one of Dr. Johnson's descendants, and is supposed to be the work 
of Smibert. It shows Dr. Johnson to have been a man of noble presence and 
pleasing expression of countenance. a. h. h. 

TTie Historical ^lagazine and Notes and Queries concerning the Antiquities, 
History and Biography of America. New- York: Henry B. Dawson. 

The numbers for February and March, 1874, of this valuable periodical are now 
before us. The principal artick-s in tlie former are: I, ^Vhat was in f rout of us 
early in 1865"? a It tter by the assistant Secretary of War of the Confederate States, 


Fowler, LL.D.: 4, Annals of the City ot Uaugor, Me., by the late Hon. William D. 
Williamson; 5, Gen. Charles Scott, by Isaac Smucker ; 6, Historical and Persional 
Eeminiscences of Chenango County, N. Y., by Samuel S. Randall, LL.D.; 7, The 
Ancient Vinland ; 8, Early Records of Trinity Church, New- York city; 9. The 
Vermont Controversy, a series of unpublished papers from the New-Hampshire 
Archives upon early Vermont history ; 10. Recollections of the Civil History of the 
War of 1312, by the late Joseph Calcs. 

In the March number, we have : 1 , Diary of Ensign Caleb Clap, of Col. Baldwin's 
regiment, Massachusetts Line, Continental Army, trom March 29 to Oct. 23. 1776, 
from the original in the possession of his grandson, Capt. Thomas W. Rip.'ey, of 
Greenfield,; 2, The Second Brigade at Monterey, a report of its operations, 
by Col. Peraifer F. Smith, from the papers of Gen. Worth : 3, a continuation of Mr. 
Randall's article on Chenango County ; 4, The Gospel Pioneer in Western North 
Carolina (Rev. John Thompson), by Prof. E. F. Eockwell ; 5, 6, 7 and 8, coatinua- 

1875.] BooJc-jSfotices. 219 

tions of the 3d, Ith, 6th nnd 8th articles in tho Fehniary nnmhcr ; 9. Major ChiUls, 
U.S.A., Estrncts fn)m liis crresp )nclfii(>' witli liis family, from the ongmal manu- 
scripts '; 10, Tlio ViM-moiit Controvci-sy, continued. . c■n^ V. 

B^-.-iiiles the^e urtii-lcs, both numbers contain the u.-^ual quantity of I'lotsam, >.ote3 
and Queries, Ac. 'I'iie revicwa and n iticcs of bool<s are quite tull, 1/ pages being 
devoted to them in the February number, and 30 pages in the March number, an 
extra of It) pa^'cs boini,' i^i'ven witii the hitter. _, , .^ . ,,, 

The IJis/onral Mriazini is paljli.slied at Morisania, Ncw-lork city, in monthly 
numbers, of 64 email ouarto pa^^es each, at tive dollars a year. 

Mr. Dawson, tlic editor and putili.'^hcr, has now been cn-aL'cd for upward ot 
twenty yeai-s in illustratini,' the history of the United State.s and has t^peut nearly 
nine veais in editing the thstoncal Magazim. Uurin- the last fe;^ years-, ho has 
been 'visited with severe and loii--continued sickness, and is still in ill health, ihis 
has thrown him into arrears in the publication of the ma-azine. lie ha.s on hand a 
Dumber of compiot.- ^•cts oi' the second and third series as lar as published which he 
offers at tlie subscription price of two dollars and filty cents ^^^oXmne. 1 hose who 
are able to purchase the work are ur^^ed to do so, as they will furnish him with the 
means ofbringinn; up liis arrears in publication. .■ ^i t\ u.. 

■ Since the appearance of the numbers at the head of this notice, Mr. Daw-on ha_3 
issued two extras ut hisma-azine, bearing date December, 1S;4, and January lb, p. 
The first extra contains a letter to the postmaster-general; of the Lnitecl biatf s m 
which Mr. Daws(m recapitulates certain acts of gross ofuciai mismauaaeiaent by 
the postmaster at Morri<auia, and the action of the general department in the prem- 
ise/ Mr Dawson states that, having been wronged by the local postmaster, he 
nVeVerred char-cs and specifications as;ainst him, and that at a hearing before a 
special a-ent appointed by tiie department at vVashiugton, the accused admitted the 
truth of the cliar-es, but that the functionaries at ^\ ashiugton refused to attend to 
the ma'ter furtlur, or. t! e plea that the evidence did not sustain the charges, vvhen 
no evidence had been oflered, though x^I^. Dawion had prepared himself with abun- 
dant proof had the charges been denied. . . 

The second extra contains a petition to Congress for an investigation ot tac mat- 
ter. We hope it will be thoroughly investigated. J- ■""• '^^ 

Contributions to the Annals of Medical Progress and Medical Education in 
the United States before and during the War of Independence. V,y io^^^n 
'bl. Toner, M.D. Washington: Government Printing Office, lb/ 4. 
[Svo. pp. 118.] 

This compilation was undertaken at the request of the conventiori of school- 
sup, rintendents which met in Washin-ton in 187-2 to consult m regard to the ex- 
hibition of the United States system of education at \ lenua. The aulfior, Dr. ioner 
is the founder of the Toner Lectures at Washington, tl e presi4ent of the American 
Medical A^sociation. and a medical writer of acknowle Jged ability. _ He is now en- 
ca-ed upon a " Biographical Dictionary of Deceased American Physicrans a mucti 
needed work, and our readers are advised to send to him such original information 
ns they may have concerning deceased physicians in their locality and elsewlieie. 
His a.Uress is 350 Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, D. C. It is his intention to 
-ive a b,o-mphi.-il sketch of every decease'! praciiti-jner of regular medicine Irom 
th>- e:irlK>t settlement of this country to the present time. The present wori con- 
tains n^.tices of about ei-ht hundred physicians. \Ve notice some errors in them, a 
part of which are d.rabtless typographical. We hope to see thein corrected m hid 
Biographicul Dictionary. •'• '"'• ^• 

Descendants of Ezeldel Nortkend, of Rowley. Salem : Printed for the 

Salem Press. 1674. [Royal Svo. pp. 16.] 

This is a reprint of an article contributed by the Hon. William D. Northend. of 
Salem, to the twelfth volume of the Es,sex Historical Collections. 

Ezekiel Northend, the ancestor of this faniily and an ^^^^^^ ,^«"lf ,f J^^^^L^' 
I^Iass. , was probably from Yorkshire, Enirland. He had a brother Anthony, who 
^ote to hin^ in 1678, from Beverley, in East Riding of Yorkshire, a few miles from 
which town is situated Rowley, whence m-any of the farst settkrs of our Rowley 
came. A relative of f^zekiel, Mr. Jeremiah .Northend, came to New-Eng land w th 
the Rev Ezekiel Rogers, but returned to England and was buried at Rowley, lork- 

220 ' Booh-Xotices. [Apri], 

shire, April 14, 1702. The name is found in the sixteenth century in the vicinity 
of Halifax, in the Kime county (Kecister, xxvii. 18'J). 
Tliis genealogy seems to he carefully compiled and is handsomely printed. 

J. W. D. 

Maryland not a Roman Catliolic Colony, Stated in Tfiree Letters, by E. D. N. 
First printei^ in Daily Pioneer, Saint Paul, jNIinnr^sota. Nee falsa dicero, 
nee vera reticere. Minneapolis: Johnson tfc Smith, Printers. 1375. 
[8vo. pp. 10.] 

Bl'^hop Giblxins, a prelate of the Roman Catholic Church in Virginia, in his recent 
reply to Mr. Gladstone's pamphlet on Papal Infallihility, claimed that the decree 
respecting relii,noiis toleration wliich was passed l)y the general as=emlily of Mary- 
land in 1W9 was the ^vurk of "Catholics.^' The Kev. Kilward D. Neiil, who has 
given much study to the history of that colony, affirms and cites his authority to 
prove that the Mnrsland asseiiihly, which passed the law of 1G49, above referred to, 
was not Rtiman Catholic in sentiment. 

Course of Study and Test-Books of the Cincinnati High School, adopted April 17, 
1874. [8vo. pp.8.] 

First Annual Repor: of the New-Hampshire Branch of the Woman's Board of 
Missions, presented at Exeter, September 17, 1874. [12mo. pp. 20.] 

Second Annual Report of the Woman's ^lissionary Association of the Diocese of 
Long Icjiand. IS75. [Svo. pp. 8.] 

Fir^t Annunl Report of the Directors of the Lawrence [Mass.] Industrial School to 
the City Council. 18*4. [6vo. pp. 10.] 

Correspondence relative to the Transfer of the Rev. Edward D. Neill frorii the 
Presbytery of tiaint Paul, to the Ref/rmed Episcopal Church. Printed for the use 
of Friends. Minneapolis : Johnson & Smith, printers. 1874. [] 

A History of the Eastern Diocese. By Calvin R. Batchelder. In three Volumes. 
Vol. I. Claremont, N. il. The Claremonfc Manufacturing Company, Church 
Printers. 1875. [Advance Sheets. 8vo. pp. 38.] 

A Sermon delivered at the Ordination of the Rev. William Henry Furness, as 
Pastor of t!ie First Congregational Unitarian Church in Philadelphia, January 12, 
1825. By Henry Ware, Jun., Minister of the Second Church in Boston. Toi^ether 
with the Charge, by Aaron Bancroft, D.D., of Worcester (Mass.), and the Right 
Hand of Felluwship, by Ezra S. Gannett, of Boston. Philadelphia : Printed and 
Published by Abranam Small. 1825. [12mo. pp. 46. Reprinted in Philadelphia, 
January, 1875, by Sherman & Co.] 

Protection of Animals. By George T. Angell, President of the Mass. Society for 
the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. (Read at the Annual Meeting of the Ameri- 
can Social Science As-ociation, 1S74.) Printed from the Publications of the Ameri- 
can Social Science Association, 1874. [8vo. pp. IG.] 

The Philadelphia Tea-Party of 1773. A chapter from the History of the Old 
State House, liy frank M. Ettin^:. Respectfully inscribed and printed for the 
Ladies of the Centennial Tea-Party, December 17th, 1873. Philadelphia. Chapter 
IV. [Sm. 4to. pp. 8.J 

Sermons and Addresses Commemorative of the Twenty-Fifth Anniversary of the 
Ordination of Rev. James H. Means as Pastor of tin: Second Church, Dorches- 
ter, July 13th and 14th, 1873. Boston : Congregational Publishing Society. [Svo. 
pp. 72.] 

Dorchester. Past and Present. A Sermon preached in the Second Church, Dor- 
chester, December 26, 186'.1. Bv Rev. Jamrs II. IMeans. Boston : Published by 
Moses H. Sargent, No. 13 Cornbill. 1870. [8vo. pp. 24.] 

South Boston Flats. Report of the Committee appointed under Chap. 83 of the 
Resolves of 1874, in relation to the use of the Commonwealth Flats at South 
Boston. January, 1875. Boston : Wright & Potter, State Printers. 1875. [Svo. 
pp. 79.] 

Boston, Iloosac Tunnel and "\7estern Railroad Company. Report of the Corpo- 

1875.] Book-JSfotices. 221 

rators, appointcfl under Acts of 187 1, Clmp. 403. January, 1875. Boeton : Wright 
& Potter, State Friiitcrs. 1H75. [Svo. pp. cxsxv.l 

Tenth Annual Report of tlie Overseers of the Poor, of the City of Bo-ston, for the 
Financial Year 1873-i. Boston : Rockwell & Churchill, City Printers. 1874. [8vo. 
pp. 52.] 

History of Paficr Money in tlie Province of "Massachusetts hefore the Revolution, 
■^ith an "account ot tfie I.and Bank and tl.e Silver Bank. Keaii before the Anjeri- 
can St;uistical Associntiou at Boston, May, 1674. By E. II. Derby. The New- 
England News Company, Nori. 37&41 Court Street, Boston, Mass. 1874. [8vo. 
pp. 16.J 

Bibliotheca Americana. Catalogue of a valuable collection of Books and Pam- 
phlettJ relating to America. * * * With a Descriptive Li.4 of the Ohio Valley 
Historical Series. For sale by Robert Clarke & Co. Cincinnati, 1875. [Svo. pp. 

Bulletin of tlie Essex Institute [Salem, Mass.], Vol. 6, No. 9, September, 1874. 
(Field Meeting at Rucknort. Thursday, August 6, 1874.)— No. 10. (Field Meet- 
ing at Manchester, Friday, October 2, 1874.)— No. 11. (Regular Meeting, Mon- 
day, November -2, 1874.)— No. 1-2. (Special Meeting, Wednesday, Nov. 25, 1S74.) 
Nineteenth Annual Report of the Dire(^tors of the Public Library of the City of 
Newbarvport. Newburyport : William Husc & Company, Printers, 42 State Street. 
1875. [Sro.pp. 31.] 

Ix)ctare on Driftin<r and Automatic Moveable Torpedoes, Submarine Guns, and 
Rockets. By Lieut." F. M. Barber, U. S. Navy. U. S. Torpedo Station, Newport, 
R. I., December, 1871. [8vo. pp. 46, with several lUustrative Plates.] 

Biographical Sketches of the Members of the Senate and House of Representa- 
tives of Maine for 1875. * * * Volume IV. Compiled at the office of the Ken- 
nebec Journal. [Large Svo. pp. 14.] 

The CCXXXVIth Annual Record of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Co. of 
Massachusetts, 1873-4. Sermon by Rev. Geo. D. Johnson, Rector of St. Paul's 
Church, Newbui-vport. Boston : Alfred Mudge & Son, Printers, 14 School Street. 
1874. [Svo. pp. 67.] 

Chronological Indi.^s of Historical Fiction ; including Prose Fiction, Plays 
and Poems. Second and Enlarged Edition. 1875. Issued by the Public Library. 
Boston. [Royal Svo. pp. 32.] 

Factory Children. Report upon the Schooling and Hours of Labor of Children 
employed in the Manufacturing and Mechanical Establishments of Massachusetts. 
By George E. McNeill, Deputy State Constable. Boston : Wright & Potter, State 
Printers. 1875. [Svo. pp. 76.] 

Notes on Torpedo Fuzes. By Lieut. G. A. Converse, U. S. Navy. U. S. Torpe- 
do Station, Newport, R. I., January, 1875. [Svo. pp 31, with Elustrative Plates.] 
Annual Report of the Chief of Police, for 1874. P :(ston : Rockwell & Churchill, 
City Printers, 1875. [Svo. pp. 37.] 

Officers of the Worcester Lj'ceum and Natural History Association for 1874-^75. 
With the By-Laws, as amended Mav, 1874, and the names of Life-Members. ^V*or- 
cester : Printed by Charles Hamilton, Palladium Office. 1874. [12mo. pp. 12.] 


Abbott, Gorham D., LL.D., an eminent Browx, John Carter, Esq.. in Provi- 

teacher, in South Natick, Mass., July dence, R. I., June 10, 1874. He -was 

.30, 1374. He was born in Brun.swick, born in that city, Au^. 27, 1797, and 

Me., Sept. 3, 1S07, aud was a brother was a son of Nicholas Browp from 

of Jacob and of John S. C. Abbott. -whom Brown University received its 

name. His private library, it is said, 

ArDCBON-, Madame, widow of Audubon, is unsurpassed in the world in its col- 

t!ie great ornithologist, in Louisville, lection of works on the history of 

Ki ., June 18, 1874, aged 68 years. America. 




CiiACE, The Hon. Oliver, in Fall River, 
Mass., May 6, ISTi, ai^od Gl. 11'- vra-S 
thesuii of Oliver an'l Susanna (liutlinif- 
ton) Chace, and -nas born in Swan-^cy, 
Mass., Nov. 11, ISI'3. Ili.-i parents n,-- 
louved to Fall Kiver when he was quite 
young, lie ■was e.^.ily eonnected with 
the manufacturing ii;tert^-;trf of tho 
place, and was fur many years unc of 
Its most enterprising business men, giv- 
ing employment to a large number of 
operatives. Pos.-es.?<.\i of a kindly heart 
and generous impulses, the poor and 
"be that had nn helper" found in 
him a friend. lie was an early and 
constant supporter of the philanthropic 
movements of the day. 

While a resident of the adjoining 
towns of Tiverton and Fall Kiver, R. 1., 
he was repeatedly called by his fellow 
citizens to fill important public trusts, 
and was several times elected to the 
general assembly of Rhode Island, both 
as representative and senator. iSeo 
Fall River Weekly I^ews, May 14, 
1874, for obituary and resolutions of 
respect to his memory. 

Cornell, the Hon. Ezra, in Ithaca. N.Y. 
Dec. 9, 1874. He was born at W^cst- 
chester Landing, county Westchester, 
N. Y., Jan. 11, 1807. He was one of 
the pioneers in establishing telegraph 
lines in the United Siates ; but is more 
distinguished as the founder of the 
university in Ithaca which bears his 

De Petster, James Ferguson, In the city 
of New-York, June 10, 1874, in which 
city he was born, Feb. 3, 1791. He 
■was a prominent and highly esteemed 
citizen, and held many positions of hon- 
or and responsibility. 

Eaton, Cyrus, Esq., in Warren, Me., 
Thni-sday, Jan. 21, at 5 o'clock in the 
morning, aged 91. He was the sixth 
child of B< njamin and Mary (Stacy) 
Eaton, and was born in Framingham, 
Mass., Feb. 11, 1784. He was descend- 
ed in the 6th generation from Jonas^ 
Eaton, of Watertown and Reading, 
through John^ Jonas, ^Benjamin* and 
Benjamin,'' his father, above named. 

His father died when he was sixteen 
years old, and his mother was leit in 
poverty with a numerous family. 
' Making the best use he could of 
the slender advantages of the common 
schools at that time, together with a 
few weeks at the Framingham acade- 
my, to which he had to travel three 
mil<?s Srom his home, then in South- 
bcro', and after teaching in that town 

one winter, he started in 1804 f jr the 
nearly forty years' career an a t'.a'.licr, 
in the menuwhilc industriously educat- 
ing himself' in the classics, must uf the 
.sciences, and in the French and ( nu-mun 
languages." In 1830, he wa.s clioseu 
prei;eptur of Warren academy, estab- 
lished in 180'.), and held the position 
from Dec., 1830, to April, 18 1:]. Ho 
held the otiix.'C of town clerk of Warren 
13 years, from 1817 to 1830; and re- 
presented that town five years, 18 11- 13, 
and 1815-10, in the legislature of Mas- 
sachusetts. In 1845, he lost his ?ight 
entirely, having been partially blind 
from an accident some years bctore. 
This calamity did not prevent him from 
■^•orking ; for, by the help of an invalid 
daughter. Miss Emily Eaton, he com- 
piled the " Annals of Warren," 12mo. 
pp. 437 (see REGisTtR, vii. 95). and the 
" History of Thomaston, Rockland and 
South Thomaston," 2 vols. 12mo. pp. 
408 and 472 (see Register, xix. 283). 
These works, though both prepared 
while he was blind and the latter after 
he had passed the age of four score 
years, show an amount of industry and 
carefulness that have not been excelled 
by those who labor under no such dis- 
advantages. In 1848, Bowdoin Col- 
lege conferred upon him the degree of 
A.M., and, in 1859, he v\'as elected a 
resident member of the Maine Histori- 
cal Society. He was a corresponding 
member of several other historical s<> 

He had no sickness, and his mind 
continued clear to the last. In fact, 
he took such good care of himself and 
was so regular in his habits that he 
was almost always well. Only the last 
day was he confined to his bed. 

Eaton, Miss Angelina, daughter of the 
preceding, in Warren, Me., Jan. 27, 
aged GO years 7 months IG days, sur- 
viving her father 6 days and 1 hour. 
With untiring zeal she had devoted 
her life to the care of a blind father 
and an invalid sister. This sister, Miss 
Emily Eaton,— who for 34 years has not 
been able to take one step without as- 
sistance, but who during this time 
has been sight as well as pen to her 
father, and has enabled him to compile 
his historical works, — is now deprived 
of father, mother, brother and sisters, 
though cared for by her brother's 
widow and children. 

J. T. Calderwood. 

Foster, John G., Major-General. U. 
S. A., in Nashua, N. H., Sept. 2, 1874, 
in the fifty-first year of his age. He 




•was graduated from the U. S. Military 
Acautmy ia July, 1S46, and dittin- 
cuishtd himself iu tlie Florida aud 
Slexioan\yars,aud in the late civil war, 

Gri>'xkll, Henry, iu the city of Isew- 
York, ill June, 1874. Ho was born in 
New-Bcdtbrd, M;is.., I'Vo. 13, 17!)'.). 
He Was one of the foundern and the 
first president of the American Geogra- 
phical Society, lie titted out at his 
own expent^e two exploring expeditions 
to the North Polar regions, one in 
1850, the other iu 185 1. iJe was an em- 
inent merchant and a liberal benefactor. 

KiKcsLEY, the Rev. Chirles, canon of 
"Westminster Abbey, in London, Jan. 
25, 1875. He was born in Holne, 
Devon, June 17, 1819. He was a dis- 
tinguished graduate of Magdalen, 
Cambridge, and the author of several 
volumes of n.jvelti, puenis and sermons, 
and other celebrated and meritorious 
works. At the time of his death he 
was one of the mn=t ponulnr pronchors 
and writers iu England. He visited 
the United States in rhe winter of 
IS7r!-l, i^nd lectured iu many of the 
principal cities. 

Morris, the Rt. Rev. Thog. A., D.D., se- 
nior bishop in the ^iethodist Episcopal 
Church, at his residence in Springfield, 
Ohio, Sept. 21, 1874. He was born in 
the county of Kanawha, Va., April 28, 
17'J4. He was elected bishop in 1836. 

Mc Arthur, Arthur, Esq., died at his 
residence in Limington, Elaine, Novem- 
ber 29, 1874, aged 84 years, 10 months, 
15 days. He graduated at Bitwdoin 
Co'.lege in ISIO, and at the time of his 
de: th was the oldest graduate then 
living, with the exception of the Hon. 
Seth Storer, of Scarborough, who grad- 
uated in 1S07. Mr. McArthur wa.s 
admitted to the bar of the county of 
York in January, 1815, and for more 
than htty years was a constant atten- 
dant upon the various terms of court in 
that county. n. j. h. 

Pbe?cott, taac (No. 2459 of the Pres- 
cott Memorial, p. 4US), in Corinth, 
Vt., Ootol^jr 6, 1874, aged 63. He was 
b<irn l-JU, and was the 7tb generation 
from Jam/:s,^ of Hampton, N. H., 
through James-, Samuel,^ Jeremiah,'* 
Wilham^ and Sherburne.^ w. p. 

Reed, Learned, in "Wilraingt.on, Yt., Slay 
15, aged 87. Born Oct." 31, 17S6, of 
Joseph and ilann.ili (Learned) Reed, of 
Oxford, bom 1750, married 1775, who 

was son of Deacon Thomas Reed (bom 
1715, married Aug. 2, 1740) aud 
Experience, dau. of Jeremiah Shumway. 
Deacon llccd's will, Fub. 13, pro. 2S, 
17-50, left to widow and only child 
Jdseph, Widow married fas his second 
wife) John Wyman, of Oxford, April 
23, 1752, whose first wife was Sarah 
Cutler, of Woburn, 171'.' ; third wife, 
AnuaTown, of Charlton, 1762. Deacon 
Reed was son of Samuel Reed, of Mon- 
don, grandson of Saniuol and HopC'till 
(Holbrook) Keed, of Meudcn, great- 
grandson of John and Sarah Reed, early 
of Rehoboth. Nearly related to this line 
was the late Rev. Gardner Spring, 
D.D. w. 

Rollins, the Hon. Daniel G., in Great 
Falls, N. H., Feb. 23, 1975, oet. 73. He 
was son of John and Elizabeth (Shap- 
leigh) Rollins, of Somersworth, N. if., 
and Lebanon, Me.; grandson of Juhn 
and Mary (Carr) of Somersworth ; 
ereat-grand'on of Hon. Ichabod and 
Abi.^ail (Weutworth) of S.;^gr.-gr.- 
grandson of Jeremiah and Elizabeth 
(Ham) of S.; gr.-gr.-gr.-grandson of 
Ichabod (slain % the Indians in 1707) 
and Mary (Tibbetts) of Dover ; who 
was the eldfSt son of James Rawlics, 
an early settler at Bloody Point (New- 

1h. Rollins's life from early manhood 
till near its close was a very active and 
useful one ; possessed of sound judg- 
ment, and incorruptible integrity, he 
always held the entire confidence of all 
who knew him, both in his extended 
business relations and in social life. 
He was often called by his townsmen 
to fill the highest town oiEces, in Wake- 
field where he resided for some years, 
and in his native town : and was for 
several years the representaiive of 
Somersworth in the state legi.-lature. 
He was one of the corporators, a trus- 
tee and vice-president of the Somers- 
worth Savings Bank from its organiza- 
tion to the present time: also one of 
the founders and a director ol tiie Great 
Falls Bank from 1846 to 1862 ; at dif- 
ferent times, a director, agent, trea- 
surer and superintendent of the Great 
Falls and Conway Railroad, and a di- 
rector of the Grea"t Falls Fire Insurance 
Company from 1849 to 1860. In July, 
1857, he was appointed judge of pro- 
bate for the county of Straiiord, hold- 
ing that office and faithfully discharg- 
ing its duties till be had reached seven- 
ty years, in 1860, when he was consti- 
tutionally disqualified by reason of age. 
Ever earnest for whatever might pro- 
mote the welfare of his town, be was 




an active and zealous friend of the 
teuipeiiince cause, and wad iov some 
yeai's president of the (Jreat Falltj teiu- 
perunce society. 

Mr. Rollins married, Feb. 3. ISC.">, 
Miss Su.^iin Biniicj', daui<hter of Capt. 
Siuion and grandd;iii::hter of Giin. JMi- 
chaei Jacksun, ol' Newton, Mafs., who, 
vrith nine ehildren. isurvives him. The 
Bons are Franklin-Jackson, Internal 
Kevenue Collectov at Portland ; Hun. 
Edward-Ashton (i^rad. Dart. Collei^c, 
1851), attorney at law and late Com- 
missioner of Revenue ; Daniel G. 
(Dart. Coll. 1S(50), Ass't Did't Attor- 
ney of the city and county of New- 
York ; and George P.. resident in 
Washington. The dauglitera arc Mrs. 
Thomas C. Parka, of Newton ; Mrs. 
Oliver W. Shaw, of Austin, Minn.; 
Mrs. Susan A. Pupc and Mioses Caro- 
line E. and Mary-Packard Rollins, of 
Great Falls. J. R. R. 

Savage, the Hon. James, at his residence 
in JjwituU, riliiiOii 3, ib73. A ssieLcli 
of this distinguished genealogist and 
antiquary will te found in the Regis- 
ter for January, lb47, vol. i., pages 
61-S4. Since that sketch was publish- 
ed a second edition of Winthrop's His- 
tory of New-England edited by Mr. 
Savage has appeared ; also his Gene- 
alogical Dictionary oT the First Settlers 
of New-England, in f )ur volumes, a 
monument of labor and research. A 
report of the tributes paid to his mem- 
ory by the Hon. Robert C. Winthrop 
and Charles Deane, LL.D., will be 
found in ihe Proceedings of the Mass. 
His. Society, for March, 1873. 

SiniH, Gerrit, LL.D., in the city of New 
York, Dee. i^S, 1874. He was born 
in Utica, N. Y., March fi, 1797. He 
was a prominent anti-slavery man, and 
distinguished for his large benefactions 
to the colored race. 

Sprague, Charles, A.M., the poet, in 
Boston, Mass., Jan. 21, 1875, where 
he was born, Oct. 26, 1791. He first 
engaged in mercantile business. In 
1820 he was appointed teller of the 
State Bank, and cashier of the Globe 
Bank in 1825, holding the latter posi- 
tion till 1865. 

TuTTLE, Thomas, M.D., in Northwood, 
N. H., May 28, 1873. He was born 
Feb. 28, 1817, the eldest son of Samuel 
and .Mary (VVaterhonse) Tuttle, and 
seventh in descent from John Tuttle, 
of Dover. (Art/e, xxi. 138.) He studi- 
ed medicine with several eminent phy- 

sicians, and graduated at the Hanard 
Medical Scho^d in 1842. _ He settled in 
Northwood in the practice of his pro- 
fession, and became eminent as a ptiy- 
sician and esteemed in all the rela- 
tions of life. He leaves a widow, his 
second wife, and several children. 

Westoji, Mrs. Catherine B., in West 
Newton, Mass., December 15, 1874. 

She was a daughter uf Col. Ebenezer 
and Lucy (Dudley) ^V'■ebste^, and was 
born in Orono, .Maine, March 7, 1821. 
She married, in 1838, Maj. Nathan 
Weston, Jr., sou of Hon Nathan \Ve.-i- 
ton, LL.D., of Augusta, chief justice 
of the Supreme Judicial Court of 
Maine. i- ^'• 

"^ruEELER, William Adolphus, the assis- 
tant superintendent of the Boston Pub- 
lic Library, in Boston, October 28, 
1874, aged 40. He was born in Leices- 
ter, Mass., Nov. 14, 1833. His youth 
was passed mostly at Topsham,_Me. 
After graduating at Bowdoin College 
in 1853, and teaching in various places, 
he was engaged, in 1858, by Joseph E. 
Worcester, LL.D., to assist him in 
the preparation of his quarto 
rj'. In 1660, after the completion of 
that work, the pi-oprietors of the Welj- 
ster Dictionary obtained him as as>is- 
tant in the revision of their quurto 
edition, and to him is due the appendix 
containing a Diciionaiy of the Noted 
Names of Fiction, which v>-as enlarged 
and published as a separate wirk. In 
18G3 he was appointed assistant super- 
intendent of the Public Library, the 
cataloguing department being his spe- 
cial charge, for which he was emiat-nt- 
ly fitted. The broadsides and montidy 
bulletins prepared under his supervi- 
sion are models of their kind, and have 
greatly contributed to give it a leading 
po-ition among American libraries. In 
his special department of lexicography, 
to which he devotdl the best part cf his 
life, he stood in the iront rank in this 
country, while he had few equals 
in bibliographical knowledge. As a 
Shakespeare scholar, he was beginning 
to have a reputation in England, and 
it is to be regretted that he did not live 
to <tirry (.lut bis jdan of a cyclopa;dia 
of Shakespearian Literature, for which 
he had begun to collect materials. 

WiiiTEnorsE, the Rt. Rev. Henry John, 
D.D., LL.D., bishop of the diooe-e of 
lllinuLs, of the Protestant EpicC.pal 
Church, in Chicago, Aug. 10, L-^7k 
He was ii()rn in the city of New- 
York in August, 1802. 

-1' y^ -^ _•_ _ ^ '_ X 


f THE 



N^ CXV. 

Y L . X X I X , — J U L Y , 1 S 7 5 





564 (Nesr >ro.) W\stii-vGTOx St. 
I u>N TERMS S3 A "TEAH, IW AP V'A^-CE._ .4 



"f\: ^^-i^f 

C?^- .^''/^Lj^'-i 




JULY, 1875. 


By the Rev. Samuel Lee, A.M., of New-Ipsv/ich, N. H. 

A LIFE of eiirhty-six years in New-Er.glantl, dnni^g any century 
since its settlement began, ■would have covered a period full of 
intere.-t and crov\'dcd with events of no little importance, v-'hether 
considered in their immediate relations or as a part of the general 
hietory of the country. It may fairly be claimed, hov/ever, and 
probably will be admdtted, that the period of our history -whieli is 
bounded on the one hand by the American Eevolution and on the 
other by the centennial year of American Independence, is not the 
least important in our annals. This, which we may denomhrate the 
constructive era in the life of the nation, has been rich in men of 
public and private virtue, intelligence and learning, in warriors and 
statesmen, in orators and poets, in jurists and theologians, in mer- 
chants and inventors. The leading men of the revolutionary epoch 
were cast in no coiumon mould, and they i tamped the impress of 
their character upon the institutions which they framed, and upon 
the generations that followed. To have been bom, reared and edu- 
cated among such men as laid the foundations of our political fabric 
and devised our civil polity ; to have helped, in no inconsiderable 
degree, in completing these institutions and in adapting them to the 
growing and varying needs of an expanding population and a 
progressive civilization ; to have helped in building up and conserv- 
ing tlic institutions of learning and sound morals ; to have had a 
share in tjie interpretation and administration of our written and un- 
written law ; to have added something, not a little, to the accepted 
body of our jurisprudential wisdom ; to have contributed something 
permanent and valuable to the elucidation of the great charter of de- 
legated powers under which our federal union was secured ; — all this 
wcidd jiistly entitle a man to the honorable regards of his contem- 
poraries and of posterity. In addition : to have associated from 

VOL. X5Ii. 21 

226 Timothy Farra.r, LL.D. [July, 

early youth vri\\x men of mark and wisdom and power, — their dis- 
ciple, cotupaniou and friend ; to have been endowed with a mind, 
penetrative, inquisitive and exact ; with a rare capacity for receiving; 
and retaining iniprecsjiionfl of men and events, and for eearching out 
tho hidden c^prings of human action ; to have kept the power of 
thought, analysis and expression, vigorous to the last, — always and 
to the end of life a student ; to have been moderate in prosperity and 
chcerfid in adversity ; to liave been the cherit^hcd companion of the 
young as well as of the old; ever hopeful, never despairing of one's 
country and one's fellow-men ; — such a life and character, such la- 
bors and virtues, if fully })ortrayed, could not fail to be both inter- 
esting and instructive. Such a character, such labors and expe- 
riences, belonged to the subject of this memoir; but it ig not deemed 
practicable, at this time and in this place, to attempt anj'thing be- 
yond a brief niemoir. 

The life of Judge Farrar illustrates the power of example. He 
was the son of the Hon. Timothy and Anna (Bancroft) Farrar. 
His father was graduated at Harvard Collcsfe in 1767 aud lived in 
New-Ipswich, X. H., to the advanced age of one hundred and two- 
His chi;racter embodied a rare combination of excellencies, developed 
by circumstances peculiar to his lime. He was just coming into 
vigorous manhood, at the opening of the revolutionary epoch of 
our history.* On the memorable April 19, 1775, he seized his 
musket and marched, with a band of his townsmen, for Concord. 
He was prominent in those etTorts by which the authority of the 
British government was set aside and a new and independent state 
government organized. At the early age of twenty-eight he was 
made a judge of the court of common pleas. In 1791 he was pro- 
moted to the supreme bench as associate justice, and in 1802 he was 
appointed chief-justice, but declined. Early in life the eloquence of 
Tf b teficld won his heart aud started him upon a course of Christian 

The Hon. Timothy Farrar, junior, was bom to breathe the at- 
mosphere of such a family, and an heir to its blessings. The power 
of the exemplification of the principles of an intelligent, Christian, 
patriotic manhood was never remitted, nor weakened by the admix- 
ture of inferior elements. As an only son he was the object of a 
very intense interest, all which he reciprocated, — yielding thus the 
plastic mind of childhood and youth to the impression of parental 
character. He was bom in Xew-Ipsv.-ich, Xew-Hampshire, March 
17, 1788. At the early age of twelve years, he was sent from home 
to become a member of Phillips Academy in Andover, Mass. His 
preparatory course was completed in Gruton, Mass. He entered 
Dartmouth College in 1803, and was graduated in 1807. He 
Btu(Ued his profession with Daniel Webster in Portsmouth, N. H., and 

* Soe Registeb vi. Sl.V'Z-S for p. memoir of the Farrar Family, and notice, with portrait 
of Judge farrar, senior; also Kistory ofNew-Ips^-ich, 356-73. 

1875.] Timothy Farrar, LL.D. 227 

.was admitted in the year 1810 to the Rockingham bar in Exeter. 
He commeuced tlie practice of law in his native town ; but in 1813 
accepted an invitation from Mr. AYcbsler to become liia hiw partner 
in Portsmouth,- -a rclr.tion ho sustained till ]^vlr. Y\'eb.-:tcr removed 
to Bodtou in 18 IG. lie then alone continued the practice of the law 
in l^orttmouth till 1822 ; afterward in Hanover, where he was also 
secretary, treasurer, and librarian of Dartmouth College till 182G. 
In 182-4 he was appointed judge of the court of common pleas in 
New-Harupshirc, and continued in this office till a change in the poli- 
tics of the state was followed by the dissolution of the court in 1833. 
He then returned to the practice of the law in Portsmouth, where 
his ripened character and eminent abilities as a lawyer gave to him 
a large practice in his profession and v/on for him the confidence and 
respect of the community. In 183G he accepted the office of cashier 
of a bank in Exeter, where he remained till the expiration of the 
charter in 1844. He then removed to Boston, and united the prac- 
tice of liis profesion wdth business relations, being engaged in public 
and private trusts in various forms, tiU disqualified by the infirmities 
of age. 

In 1817 he married Sarah Adams, daughter of William Adams, 
of Porlsmouth, who survived him eight months and died in Boston 
at the residence of his son-in-law Edward Crane, Esq., June 30, 
1875, aged ^Q, He leaves two daughters. 

In 1854 he was a representative from the city of Boston in the 
general court of Massachusetts. From 1853 to 1853 he was a 
vicci-president and a director of the New-England Historic, Genealog- 
ical Society, and a memeberof the PubHshing Committee from 1851 
to 1854 and from 1857 to 1858. He edited one number of the 
Historical and Genealogical Register, namely that for July, 1852. 

In 1867 he received from his Alma Mater the honorary degree of 
Doctor of Laws. 

In estimating the character of Judge Fariar, we must make promi- 
nent the social elements. His life was love ; his sympatliies were 
profound. He entered thoroughly into the experience of others, 
whether joyous or sad. Hence the strength of his attachment to 
those whose character he could approve. His heart would blend in 
its entirety with the heart of such approved friend, and they were 
one in the deepest experiences of their souls. There are a favored 
few, — men whose locks are white and whose tottering steps are close 
upon the line that separates them and their friend, who dan attest the 
truth of this remark. Still he was not demonstrative, the opposite 
rather in the extreme. There were no lavish professions of friend- 
ship ; it was only as you were near him and long enough to fathom 
the deep, calm current of the soul, that you could know the treasure 
you had in his love. It was so even in his family, where only by in- 
direction and on occasions of great affliction and sorrow did they learn 
how they were wrapped up in the tenderest sensibilities of his heart. 

228 Timothy Farrar, LL.D. [July, 

The stren^h of his friendship nnd the deptli of his sympathies 
may he ilkistrated by tlie facts connected with the instant deaiii of 
E?;ekiel ^Veb3ter wliilc iilcaihn"- a case in court. Judc^eFarrar was 
on the bench, and ^Ir. ^\''^Jbster in an earnest address to tliu court 
was looking him directly in the eye, when instantly he fell dead up- 
on tlietl.>or. There ;vere imperative duties of the momcut, and they 
were discharc'ed. His loui; and intimate connection with tlie de- 
ceased and his brother, as well as his own position, caused to devolve 
upon him in tliis case very much that was peculiarly distressing to 
his delicate, sensitive nature : and when these responsibilities were off 
and time was given for reaction, several months of sickness ensued, — 
the mere bleedings of the heart. 

But ■v\hile thus sympathetic, and so ready to " weep Avith those 
that weep," he was not melancholy ; and we should not present the 
range and comprehensiveness of his philosojihy, physiological, ethical 
and religious, did we not allude to an element of his character quite 
in the other extreme, lie believed it to be a condition of ourgi-eat- 
est intellectual health and efficiency and therefore a law of God, that 
mental toil should be succeeded by thorough relaxation and amuse- 
ment, and that among the recupcratives for the w^eary brain, was the 
play of wit and appeals to the risi])les. A. distinguished scholar and 
professor, who had for many years been under the medicinal influence 
of this power of the judge, assured the writer that he had never ex- 
perienced from another such resistless provocatives to laughter. 

As a scholar, Judge Farrar was learned rather than brilliant. To 
him the essential quahty of exact truth had a value and a beauty, 
euch that ornament seemed meretricious in comparison. He employ- 
ed no factitious mcdiods to win applause ; a profound self-respect 
forbade it. He had his own reward of that, for which, had he taken 
the means which some others employ to secure it, would have re- 
ceived the praise of men. 

There was also a radical principle in his moral character, out of 
which were '*the issues of life," that vras operative in the same direc- 
tion. He lived to do good, to impart rather than to receive. In the 
prosecution of this purpose of usefulness, his studies were directed 
to the attainment of exact knowledge, of conceptions with distinct 
and perfectly defined outlines. Hence a remarkable feature in his 
logic : it had the exactness of mathematical demonstration. Hence, 
too, the positivencss of his opinions, and the fact that he was ready 
to express them, — not with arrogance, but with assurance, and to 
act upon them as representing tiic reality of thlnq's. Hence his 
value as an advisory friend. A\'e have asked of different men, and 
some of them aged clergymen, — for he was peculiarly the friend and 
made himself the profitable companion of ministers, — their opinion 
of the Judge. The must prominent of all the facts in their rephes 
has been, "He was preeminently a safe adviser." It was this feature 
in his intellectual and moral character that secured for him his pro- 
fessional reputation as a lawyer and a judge. 

1S75.] Timothy Farrar, LL.D. 229 

The ethics of the lawyer are sometimes a mystery to outside lay- 
men. But M-hile tliey iniglit criticize him, they mi-^it find it difficult 
to construct a system of ethical principles, under which they them- 
selves could praorisc at the bar. Of these principles, aa exemplified 
by the subject of this notice, we are not informed in detail ; but are 
sure that what he did, he did as right, llis private professional ad- 
vice to his clients we can easily understand. 

It was for the bench that the qualifications of Judge Farrar pre- 
eminently fitted him. His exact knowledge on all" subjects, and 
especially in the department of jurisprudence, combined witli his 
unimpassioncd candor, i-endered him the man to whom mi^rht safely 
be confided the great power of that responsible office. The scales 
of justice were held in untrembling steadiness. 

During his entire professional life, and to the last, the pen of 
Judge Farrar was consecrated to the public welfare. Articles for the 
daily and weekly papers were habitual. Our most valuable quar- 
terlies have been enriched by his contributions. Among the many 
articles of this kind may be mentioned, "Review of the^Drcd Scott 
Case'^' in 1857, and the "Trial of the Constitution,"' in l^sGS, in the 
KortJi American. Review; articles on the "xVdequacy of the Con- 
stitution," " State rights," and "Power of Congress over the Tem- 
tories," in the Xeic-Englander, in 1862,— most of which were 
published separately. 

In 1819 he published th^ "Dartmouth College Case,"^ "a volume 
now rare, but among the most valuable monuments of the judicial 
history of the country." It contains the only report of the ereat 
argumtnt of Jeremiah Mason, and is of intrinsic worth as vindicating 
gi-eat principles, that are sacred to the friends of education, civil lib- 
erty and religious freedom. The case,' in the form of a special 

' Report of the Case of the Trustees of Dartmouth Colleee a<-ainst William H. Wood- 
H^^-K ^^''i.^ and determmed in the Superior Court of JuTiicature of the State of New 
5:l'"'^'^i''';n-?tf*'^5''^J^: ^^^J- -^'^'^ oa En-or in the Supreme Court of the Uuiad Sratos, 
^H "^^ T -hVw x- -' ^'™'i^l'X ^-^^T-^r, Counsellor at Law. Portsmouth, X. 11. : r.ibliih- 
ed by John W . Foster, and West, Richardson & Lord, Boston. [1S19.1 8vo. pp. 406. 

J.J^^- ^°il°'^< "^ ^''^■^'■' fk^\; ^^ebster to Judge Farrar, which have reference to the de- 
cision in the Dartmouth College Case," have never been published, and may not be 
umnterestmg as a part of ihe history of the case.— [Editok ] / uou uo 

De^^Sik,. Feb. 2 [1819]. 

A judgt. has been pronounced in oar favor this momin? ; fire Judges out of the 
SIX judges present concumng. I believe Judge Duval is the dissentient. The opinion w;t3 
pronounced by the Clii-t Justice. It was very long, and reasoned out from step to step. 
It did not cite niscs. I understand an opinion has also been drawn bv Judjje Story, which 
will probably be given to the reporter. Yrs, in Court, 

D. Webstke. 

My Deas Sir, Washington, February 9, 1819. 

„ A. *_• J ^^^^ thought I would sav a word to vou. about preventing the Newspa- 
pers from triumphing too much, on the results of this cause. It is our true wisdom to enjoy 
our victor>- witn moderation^ It is great indeed, and needs no rioiirisli of trumpets to usher 
m the annunciation ot it On all accts. a moderate and di-niiied course becomes us. We 

VOL. XXLS. 21* 

230 Timothy Fo.rrar, LL.B. [July, 

verdict, upon ■jvliic-h the appeal to the Supreme Court of the Unltcil 
States was based, was drawn by him, as counsel. 

It was, however to a later period in the life of Judge Farrar, that 
was reserved his crowninp; work. Ills old age was one of rare in- 
terest, of beauty, of suhllniity. The normal imjierfectlons of the 
animal organism, the cill'CL of age, were not attended with impaired 
intellectual vigor. The great work of his life, and which has made 
him an honor to his country and his age, the '' jNlanual of the Con- 
stitution," was written after three score years and ten had passed 
away. His well-trained judicial eye had seen with regi'et the distor- 
tions of the constitution of the United States by partisan politicians 
and jurists, in their efforts, as he thought, to force that sidjlime in- 
strument into the support of slavery and state sovereignty. The 
agitation of the slavery question quickened his spirit into earnest 
activity. In the calm energy of his well-instructed mind, he at- 
tempted the herculean task of turning back that tidal wave of political 
and judicial perversion that was beai'ing forward on its swollen crest 
and preparing to spread over the length and breadth of the land that 
gi'eatest curse of our race, chattel slavery. For this end he wrote 
his " Manual of the Cous^titution." I'his work, so far as relates to 
the questions of American slavery and state sovereignty, was the 
enlargement of his previous papers on these subjects, and the general 
promulgation of his views had an important effect upon public 
sentiment and upon Congress. 

It is nut to be expected that Judge Farrar's interpretation of the 
Constitution will counnand the a[){)roval of all, but it is believed to be 
the ablest exposition of our fundamental law that has ever emanated 
from that school of interpreters of which Hamilton is confessedly the 
chief. In point of style, expression and logical argumentation, it 
may safely challenge comparison with any papers in the Federalist. 

That we have not overestimated the hnporance of the ]\[anual, we 
might quote the opinions of many eminent m.en ; the following, how- 
ever, from the pen of one whom we all delight to honor, will perhaps 
be sufficient : 

" Senate Chamber, 
« My dear Sir, ^ ^ ' " loth July, '67. 

" I am much olvli^ied by your kindness in sending me a copy of your 
Manual of the Coustitution ; but I am more obliged to you for writing it. 

one of the other canse«, hnt I do not think he will nttempt it. T shall endcaTor to get the 
Jadgt. entered as of last term in the r:i.-o of Mr. Wood\v:ird. In the other cases I hope to 
get a ceniticate tliat shall cnaMc Jiid:.'o Story to Unuw what to do \\\i\\ them in Mav. 

The Court is pressing aloiv,' with the hn.'^iiic-s. Jiic!;,'e Boll's will come on on 
"Wednesday. To-mi.rrow is t!ie <|m:-tii>n of the con-titutionalirv of the "Bankrapt Laws of 
the States. 1 think it iikoiy the Qmirl will sit till Mar<-h lOth. The Circuit Court bill seems 
not likely to pass. An attrniiit will l,e made for the Bankrnpt bill, I fear unsuccessfullv. 
In my 0|iinion this is a.poor Con_'n>'; for hiisinoss. 

A horrihle duel was fou.:lit ye-i.-rday near here, ln^tn-ccn Genl. Mason, and Mr. McCarty 
—the quarrel arose at an oicetioii two years a^o. The parties fotiirht with muskets, loaded 
with th;ee hui!-ts, as is •^a;d. at adi.-rance of ten feet— Mason fell— his adversary cscaned 
■ffUh a small hurt. Taken in dl its cireuiii'tances it was the bloo.licst aifair I have'heard'of. 

If Mr. Majou has returned from Dover Court, plen<e show him thia. 

Yrs, D. Webstek. 

1875.] Timothy Farrar, LL.D. 231 

" Such a IManual is needed to correct the false interpretp.tlons -which have 
been fastened on the Constitution. Tlie clearness and weight of your lan- 
guage cuuiiot fail to impress the reader. 

" Your book signnlir-^s tl'.''' great chang(j in our history. Such a system 
of constitutional law w'ould have found lirtle favor only a short time ago. I 
trust it will 1);! goncr-illy accepted now. Accept my thanks and congratula- 
tions, and believe me, dear Sir, faithfully yours. 

"Charles Sumner." 

In addition to wliat is implied in the above, it is due to truth to 
name other methods by which in detail, the venerable man, from the 
noiseless, and save to a few, unknown retirement where his great 
mind and heart were at work, inliucnccd the current of the nation's 
histoiy. It was a common practice of Mr. Sumner, while a member 
of Congress, in emergencies, to seek aid of Judge Farrar. Thus : " I 

should like to introduce a bill Will you draw such a 

bill, with all professional machinery? I hope I do not take too great 
a liberty in appealing to you for this aid." Some of these bills vrere 
passed without change ; others after amendment. 

Nor were such requests made by Mr. Sumner alone. The Hon. 
"Willinm AYhitIng, when connected with the war department, made 
his appeals also, ai.d in one letter now before us, wrote an urgent 
request to Judge FaiTar, directing his attention to a recent publica- 
tion, which he thought, as did his friends at AV'ashington, was mis- 
representing and injuring the government and should be answered ; 
and he pressed Judge Farrar to render to liis country the sen-ice ; 
adding, "I know of no man who has the power to do it so well as 
yourself." We name these facts to show the character and reputa- 
tion of Judge Fan-ar, and also the opportunities which a beneficent 
Providence furnished him, for doing good to his country. 

In his religion Judge Farrar was not a sectarian, but a Christian. 
Subjectively his religion was not an "experience" of the emoti(jnal, 
procured by some mysterious cause. It was a deep and practiced 
principle of obedience to God, that left the conscience void of offence, 
and thus gave free play to the natural sentiments of love and confi- 
dence and sympathy towards God, — a " fellowship with the Father 
and with his Son Jesus Christ." Flis religion had its commence- 
ment in early life, and thus by a normal development of this, in 
connection with all the other elements of character, attained to rare 
symmetry and completeness. 

He united with the Congregational Church when a member of Dart- 
mouth College, and retained his membership in that denomination 
during life, yet with a heart that knew only and everywhere the bond 
of Christian brotherhood. 

The Lible was accepted by him as inspired of God, and was, from 
his childhood, read with reverence ; and the commonly received in- 
teq>retations of its teachings were not called in question. But in 
the latter period of his life, he shared largely in that inspiring influ- 

232 Timothy Farrar, LL.B. [July, 

ence wLich has so extensively led the more- intellectual class of 
religious men to a reexamination of the Bible. With leisure, with 
the vigor of his intellect unimpaired, with tlie habit of nice discrimi- 
nation acquired ai rhe bar, and of calm and candid estimates practiced 
on the bench, ho wo.s eminently fitted for an inde})endent and original 
examination of the eacred voJuaie. lie proceeded on the hypothesis 
that the Bible contains a system of religious truth, in its facts, and 
is capable of systematic con:<triiction ; also a truthful record of the 
methods which Infinite Wisdom had employed for the development, 
and especially for the religious development of the race from its ear- 
liest infimcy to the Messiah. It was also assumed that an inspired 
volume of religious truth must of course stand in tnie correlation to 
the human mind as capable of moral and religious functions ; so that 
the sacred pages could be correctly interpreted only by him, who 
should bring to the work a correct and well defined system of ethics. 
But such system there was not, and the clear mind of Judge Farrar 
could but see that those foggy and hopeless things falsely called moral 
philosophy, so far from aflurding light to the common mind, only in- 
volved it in deeper darkness. It interrupted the function of intui- 
tional convictions, which, but for such interruption, would have led 
to a tolerably just appreciation of the sacred word. 

What was to be done ? The mind that could exhume the Consti- 
tution of his country from the accumulations of error in which it was 
imbedded, could attempt the same thing for the Bible. The first step 
was to sei;:e th- few and sim])le principles that are the basis of ethics. 
He came to the conclusion that " God is love," or that benevolence, 
whose correlate is the happiness of all ; and that right is that in the 
agency of God or his creatures Avhich is adapted to that end ; wrono-, 
the opposite. ° 

In his analysis of the divine moral government he eliminated 
penalty. Penalty is the evil threatened anc' inflicted upon the trans- 
gressors of civil law, and is an indispensable element in civil 
government, which is not a moral government but simply the admin- 
istration of physical force for the protection of the community. The 
sufferings of men under the Divine Providence are admonitory and 
reformatory, and he could see no reason why this should not be true 
of the coming world as of this ; and further, that in the future, as in 
this world, there was no necessity of penalty to forbid the re- 
conciliation of man, when penitent, to his Maker. 

With this theory, the ciuiracter of God appeared lovely, without 
a repelling element, and the government of God, seen in 'this li>-Tht," 
did not require of man that he should crush down and trample Tnto 
silence the most innate and intuitional convictions of the soul. 

With these preliminary attainments, the venerable patriarch went 
to the sacred volume. Tiic Hebrew he did not read, but the Greek 
was at his service, so that the leaves of the Xew Testament were 
laid out before him in the clear light of the original inspiration. He 

1875.] Edward Gibbon and Thomas Jefferson. 233 

read the Bible, much as three score years and ten before he read 
Blackstone ; he read it to Icara by direct inspection the import of 
its pages. Durini::; the years of his Hfe, this t^tudy of the JiibJc 
was almost his sole employment. It was his "ruling passion." 

Judire Farrur died at his residence, iNlount Dowdoin, Boston, 
on the 27tli of October, 1874, in the eighty-seventh year of his age, — 
at peace with God, and, so far as we know, in charity with all 



By Aeram E. Cuttek, Esq. of Boston. 
AS Edward Gibbon, the famous wo-iter of ancient history, con- 

nected by family ties with Thomas Jefferson , the great actor 
in modern history ? 

I find, i!i one of Sir Egerton Brydges's works, "The Lake of 
Geneva, a Poem, iMoral and Descriptive, with'*Notes Historical and 
Biographical," published in Geneva, Switzerland, in 1832, some 
lines, and an explanatory note, wliich certainly answers the above 
interrogatory in the affirmative. I do not find that any of Jefferson a 
biographers make reference to such a connection. Jefferson, him- 
self, in liis autobiography refers in an incredulous, and rather an in- 
different way, to traces of a pedigree on his mother's side far back 
in England and Scotland. Self-reliant democrat that he was, and 
occupied through a busy life with matters of great public mom.ent, 
he did not devote much attention to family genealogy ; yet there is 
no doubt that he would have acceded to the following just remarks 
of the accomplished writer of this poem, who did place a high esti- 
mate on such investigations, and was a devoted delver in pedigrees : 
"A due consciousness of illustrious descent ought to be a perpetual 
talisman, rnd a perpetual impidse. It ought at once to be a spur 
to rival the past, and a memento of responsibihty for the conduct of 
succeecUno: generations : it ouijht to brin2: with it the constant recol- 
lection that the possessors posterity may thus inherit the disposition 
to pursue glory rather than selfish gains ! " — Gnomica, p. 44. 

The part of the poem referred to, commences with Book HI. 

Over thine Eastern head, O Lake, how grand 

Lausanne, her ancient holy spires erects ! 

I need not trace her history : but Britons 

Ever associate it ^ith Gibbon's name ! — 

A name now universal ! — 1 can trace it 

With selfish fondness from its private source, 

On the white clirls, wh-.^ro Dover"?? frowninLf towers 

O'erlook the ocean of the straits, that separate us 

234 Edward Gihhon and Thomas Jefferson. [July, 

From rival Gaul. There, havinf^f clinib'd the heights, 

That from the town wash'cl liy the waves ascend, 

With pantinj:^ labour ; — loavinc; on our rii,dit 

The tower, the draw-bridge, and !;ia:;intic walla 

Of the stupendous Cantle, ever noted 

In all the jKiire.s of old Eni^laud'.s annals, 

On a light chalky soil we Journey northward, 

A little inwaid from the fearful edcrc 

Of those tremendous clilfs, which Shakspere's pea 

Forever has iuunortalized : — a scatter'd 

Hamlet and humble church, — where from the rim 

That overlooks the dashing billows, slopes, 

From the clitf westerly, the sheepwalk, — stands : 

And close adjoining the obscure remains 

Of the old manor-house. How little now 

Are these to outward siglit ! But the creative 

Mind beholds in them a most noble spot ; 

The source, the cradle of a mighty genius ; 

Nor will it doubt, that when the rural lords 

Were wandering o'er these ocean-misted fields, 

la days of the Tudorian Princess, or 

Under the feeble but tyrannic rod 

Of Scotish Stuart's race, to vulgar eyes 

Only like rival squires of idouuh-tail memory, 

That in their brains the fruitful seeds were working 

Of future Eu-opean eminence ! 

How have I frac'd them in the parish records 
With a fond microscopic industry. 
Which fools and half-philosophers call dull ! 
There the great grandsire of the younger stock 
Whence sprurg th' Historian, planted his young offset 
From an old root, as antifjuaries tell us 
Of credit in cotemporary days. 

The poem then goes on to give an account of the author's visit, in 
his early days, to the old manor-house in "VVestcliffe, and extends the 
history of its ancient occupants, tracing their descent from 

The first royalty of proud Plantagenet : 

And its source e'en higher than that namt 

Of glorious feudal splendor I For the searcher 

Of genealogical sagacity 

Will trace it as a lineal male descendant 

Of the first race of Merovingian kings ! 

And hence Jerusalem in the first Crusades 

Drew its third Monarch. 

Another long digression follo-vvs gi"ving traces of the Gibbon family, 
and then bringing together different branches of it at an imaginary 
meeting in the manor-house as follows : 

Meantime Westcliffe's old Hall receiv'd at intervals 
The congregated branches : to the cliffs 
They wander'd, and in half-regretful memory 
Heard the waves beat beneath them, and beheld 
The white cliffs and the glittering towers of Calais 
Across the tumbling tides in beautiful 
And heart-arousing colo\irs lift themselves ! 
Then oft they stroll'd to ga/e upon the Castle, 
Or to the busy town beneath, whose harbour 

1875.] Edward Gibbon and Thomas Jefferson, 235 

Crowded with entrances and exits, ever 

Supplied a raovinfr, rich varict}-. 

And much they talk'd of their ascending hopes ; 

And of their rival children ; and tho firo 

That shone already in their eyes, when fitmc 

And wealth and honours, and the distant grandeur, 

1'hat far beyor.d the bounds of provinces 

Of petty circuit, stretch'd to grasp the world^ 

And in dim vision they beheld the glories 

That after ou their proud posterity 

Should fall 1 

And here the fortune-teller came, 
And taking an unmarried damsel's hand, 
And archly looking in her timid eye. 
Said : " Fair cue, there is gloom upon thy countenance 
ilix'd with those streaks of glowing light, which laugh 
Kosily through the clouds 1 
I do not say these streaks of light shall conquer, 
And keep ofl'evil from thy future fate : — 
Ituch shalt thou have to eufler ! Yet infus'd 
Into thy cup shall also be much joy I 
E'en here upon thy natal spot shalt thou 
Know some few years of pleasure in a love 
Not unbecoming thee ! But yet it shall 
Be mix'd with cares, and terrors, and distractions, 
And much thy thoughtless, but good-natur'd husband 
, Shall waste ; and shall at last exhaust the patience 
Of friends as well as foes ; and then shall Ruin 
Come irrecoverable ; and sweep all ! 
And then again v,-ith weeping and convuls'd 
Embraces shalt thou be withdrawn away, 
"With all thy little ones, across th' Atlantic, 
And in American woods among barbarians 
End thy last days ! O weep not, sigh not, tremble not ! 
Thou art a young enthusiast, and thou lovest 
Glory ; and dost delight to make the future 
Over the present rule ! Then let the flame 
Of hope upon that swelling bosom play ! 
For of those little ones, who by thy side 
"Will weeping hang, and, when the stormy howl 
Of billows o'er thy rolling vessel breaks, 
Will shriek, and clasp thee, and for help from thee 
Uselessly call, shall come a future race, 
"Whose sway shall o'er the northern Continent, 
Thy destiny, be mighty ! and whose name, 
"When future empires, threatning the old world, 
Shall rise among the most renown'd, shall shine ; 
And Randolph's race, — and of their female blood 
Intrepid patriot Jeflerson, — shall trace 
Their blood to thee ! '' Thus ended, the proud maid 
A golden tribute to the palm applied. 

Then smihng came a comrade, on the arm 
Of the fair damsel leaning ; from the stock. 
And of the name, who from the town below 
The castle, came that day upon a visit. 
"And thou too pretty one, went on the Gipsey, 
" Wilt hear thy fortune I — well ; it shall be told ; 
" And thou wilt not repent it.'' 

Here follow traces of different branched of the Gibbon family, 

236 Udward Gilhon and Thomas Jefferson. [July, 

forecast into tlie future, -vvlierem tlie Historian is brought upon the 
Btage and made to play liis part. 

In one of the notes to the Pocra is the follcvN-ing : 
" Gibbon|s great grandfadicr, Matthcv Gibbon, was born at "Westcliffe, 
on the hriglirs about titrce miles northward beyond Dover Castle; Edward 
Gibbon, elder brother of Mattliew, waa father of Jane, paternal grandmother 
of the writer of this poem. Edward's second wife (a cousin of the same 
name) was by a second marriage, mother of Lord Chancellor Hardwicke. 
A sister of Edward and Matthew married a Randolph, and thence sprung 
the Randolphs and JetTersons of North America." 

And in another note treating of Gibbon's pedigree : 

" I suppose the manor of "Westcliffe descended by gavelkind among all the 
sons ; for Matthew had a share in it. I have a letter of his regardir.g the 
distress for rent, when Randolph, who married one of the sisters, fied to 
' America." 

I find also in the Gentleman's Magazine of 1797, in an article con- 
tributed by Sir Egerton, this additional information : 

"Jane Gibbon, born 1640, nurricd Edward Randolph, and had several 
children, of whom, Deborah married Thomas Smith, of Maidstone, IM.D. 
Tradition relate?-, that Mr. Randolph having for some years rented the man- 
eion and estate at Westcliffe, till, by imprudence, he was involved in con- 
siderable arrears of rent, fled to America where he founded a family, who 
have made some figure in the Congn-ss there," Rage 1107, 2d part. 

Now, if these statements of Sir Egerton be compared with Jef- 
ferson's own accouni of his family, it will be seen that they form a 
context not improbable thereto. I copy the follo\Adng from his 
autobiography : 

" The first particular information I have of any ancestor was of my grand- 
father, who lived at the place in Chesterfield called Ozborne's, and owned 
the lands afterwards the glebe of the parish. He had three sons : Thomas 
who died young. Field who settled on the waters of the Roanoke and lefit 
numerous descendants, and Peter, my father, wh ) settled on the lands I still 
own, called Shadwell, ailjoining my present residence. He was born Feb'y 
29, 1707-8, and intermarried 17.'3'J, with Jane Randolph, of the age of 19, 
daughter of Isham Randolph, one of the seven sons of that name and family, 
Eittled at Dimgeoness in Goochland. They trace their pedigree far back 
in Eugland and Scotland, to which let every one ascribe the faith and merit 
he chooses." 

That the Randolphs did have the pedigree thus referred to by Jef- 
ferson, and that it was an ancient and higtJy honorable one, these 
extracts I have given from Sir Egerton's Poem and Notes go to 
prove. Jefferson, through his mother, might have traced it to the 
Gibbon family, and through that family to 

" The first royalty of proud Plantagenet : 
And its source e'en hi!:rhcr than that name 
Of glorious feudal splendor I " 

Names, too, given to family localities in our country often suggest 
traces of the homes left in England, and it is fair to infer that the 

1875.] Edward Winslow to John Winthrop, 1G44. 237 

Randolplis frnvc tlic name of Duii^eness to tlieir Virginia home from 
the old huiulland iu the county of Kent of th;it name. 

All of Sir Egcrtou r>ry(li:,cs's works were puljlisihed- in limited edi- 
tions, and those puhlislied on the continent were very few in numljcr. 
JMy copy of the poem I purchased in Geneva in the summer of 1673. 
It is in two volumes quarto, and has announced ou the cover that 
-twenty-five only were jtrintcd. There is however an edition in small 
octavo, but I have no mcaus of knowing how many copies of this v>'ere 
printed. Volume one contains the poem, and volume two is occu- 
pied wholly with th(| notes. ]Many distinguished jiersonages whose 
names are associated with the city and lake of Geneva are introduced, 
and much vahialde biographical and historical matter is given. It 
contains a dedication to AVordsworth and Southey, which ends with 
•the following lines : 

" Thus on the verge of sixty-nine sad years 
I yet may tV'nrlessly the lyre i-csoumj. 
And on the Tombs oi'micjhty Bards (-f yore 
Sing hymns, that shall their airy Spirits soothe ! " 

Sir Egcrton in his autobiography states that very few copies of the 
Poem have reached England. His great reputation as a writer and 
genealogist, — his novel treatment of pedigrees in verse, and the. in- 
teresting statements made Avhich connect by ties of blood the famous 
writer of the Decline and Fall of the ftoman Empire, with one of 
the most noted actors in the Rise and Progress of a great liepublic, 
cannot fail to render these extracts of interest, and it is ho|>ed 
they may lead to farther investigation by some of our competent 




Comraanicated by Fef.deric Kidder, Esq., of Melrose. 

Honored S"' 

Yo" of the 21. (1) 43. I rec'^ & haue imputed it to my 
p'tner m' Collier.* And p'ceiue we are like to haue some trowble 
about the controversie between Ilartfort & the Dutch. The I'rs 
from the Swedes* S: Dutch I rec*^ & haue paused them, & according 
to yo' desire haue returned them w'^ such advice as the Lord ena- 

^ The ori\:rin:il mannscript from which this i.-t printed is in the possession of Mr. Kidder. 
It is copied tor the RjiGisXEEi by William B. Tkask, Esa., and Dayid Pclsifer, A.M. 
— [Editor.] 

2 William Collier was then associated with Mr. Winslow as commissioner of the United 
Colonies from Ply month. 

3 No do'.ihr the letter from the Swedes is that from Gov. Printz printed in the article 
entitled, '' The Swcd-'s on t!ic Dciuwiire and tlieir Intercourse with New-England,'" in the 
Register, xxviii. pp. 43-9. 

VOL. XXIX. 21 

238 Edicard Winsloic to John VTinthropy 1644. [July, 

blcth me for answcrc. AnJ first for the Dutcli I obscrue he writcth 
^yth rr^.t haughtiues of spirit, full of confidence (a^ you say) yet 
marvell that a gent so well l;rcad so great .1 traveller & go. of so 
great exp'Ience should not he more moderate iu writing especially 
in so publikc a Nvay, witues his uncivill termcs to^yards m' Hopkins'* 
&c. -whom we all know to be a man that makes conscience of his 
words as well as his accons. To many of the jjassages by him hecr 
related I can say notliing, oncly they agree too well w'*" cotnon ifamo 
& I leare our bru of Hartford will be found faulty in them whoso- 
ever shall haue the hearing of it. yet am ready to make good evei-y 
p''ticle of that EclacO w'"" I gauc upon the solemn request first of 
yo'' gen. Court, ^!t then of the Comissioners, in regard of my experi- 
rnentall knowledge of tiie first beginnings of them t*i us in Concc- 
tacut. to Vi"'-^ also I added certaine tilings w"*" I had from Liueten' 
Holmes'* who was over our people there. fFor his answer to w' I 
affirme by that geuerall w"'^- he bringeth (if I should grant all he sth 
how short it weare you may easily judge who to my best remem- 
brance meddle not at all w"" any passages between them after they 
came to clash together. He saith June the 6'^ 1638 that / ivovAd 
not defend the Hartford mens cause for they had hitherto {or 
thus long) wrony^d the Dutch. That I spake somewhat tending 
thereunto I acknowledge, ffor m' "Whiting & myselfe beino- at dinner 
■w*'' him at his table. He flew out upon me (tho' unseasonably bein-^ 
courteous both before & after to me) & charged me to be the man 
had more wronged the Dutch then any otlaer by o-ivin^- the first 
coinis. to the Engl, (being then Gov'" of Ply m.) to disturbe them 
at Coneetacutt who were possessed before us &c. But when I had 
taken off this charge c<: returned the wrong upon themselues & called 
Capt. Curio' being one of those fine at dinner w'^ us to witnes many 
things. Capt. C. replied : 

The tnith is w* m'' Winslow saith S'' is tnie nor haue we that cawse 
to complaine of them as of others, nay they haue as much cawse 
to coplaine of Winsor as we haue of Ilartford, for looke how the 
one dealeth w""us so doe the other w"* them, &c. whereupon he turneth 
againe to me w"" Violence But will you justefie Hartford men 
(briefely charging them w'*" many of the things in his I'r) nav sez 
he there sits the man next to you whose howse stands upon our 
ground & hath thus & thus abused us &Q,. To w"*" I replied Xo S" 
I will not justefie Hartford men Tis suffic. I can justefie our owu 

• Edward Hopkins, of Ilartford, who alternated with John Haynes for many years as 
governor of Connecticut colony, 

^ Lieut. William Homes was sent with an armed force hy the PIrmouth authorities in 
the fall of 1633 to establish a tradini: house on the Connecticut river." He afterwards served 
in the Pc'iuot war, and returning to Enirland did service in the civil war. He c;ime a::ain 
to New-Enirland, and died in Boston, Nov. 12, 16 i9. An abstract of his will is printed in 
the Register, vii. 230. 

' Probably Jacob van Curicr. See BrodheaJ'3 iV«c-FurA, i. 2Zict 3eq. ; O'Calla^han's 
New Netherlands, i. 154, et scq. 

1875.] Edward Winslow to John Winthrop, 1644. 239 

p^ceedings. But^P "Whiting' Is of age let him speak for Inniselfe. 
And this I added further to it tliat not onely my eelfe Lut many 
English did cuncciue the Dutcli had hard measure from tlicm in 
sundry p'tlculars if things A\'erc true y' were rep»jrted. And tliis was 
all I spake to the utmost of my remem!>rance. And tliese were my 
words the occasion beginning & end of them. But what is this to 
answ. thatlaffirmc. That I had a pLace given (& tlie pLace we after 
possessed) the ycare before the Dutch began in the liiver. That 
the Dutcli came in l>y way of prevention & stept in between us & 
our purpose e*cc. That this was done w^'out spec, order ifrO eitluir 
the States or their m" the West India Copany & so confessed by C. 
Curio. That the River was not Vacuum domicilium. but inhabited 
the yeare before See. That they bought of Tatobam, whose title to 
the Kiver was by conquest. That I brought in Attawanyiat & there 
left hira where he lived & died vpon the ground who Tatoba the 
Tyrant had before cxspelled by war. That this Attawanyut by the 
relaco of Liueten' Holmes if he would haue given way to it would 
haue cut oft' the Dutch becawse tliey entred by Tatobam. I cannot, 
remember all the p'ticulars of that I gaue under my owne hand wiit- 
ing but one thing more of gr consequence I call to minde That 
Tatobam for so we termed him after he had chid me for bringing in 
his mortall enemy & countenancing him as I did would haue had 
me (when indeed hee durst not attempt againe vpon him) to haue 
given him but a knife or but an awle blade for his consent to w' I had 
don w"=^ I utterly refused, &c. Now good S' I pray consider w' con- 
tradicco is heer between my testimony given at yo'' request &q. &, 
either my words as they were by me spoken, or as he pens them c^ 
would haue them. But the truth is I could say more about their 
entrance & the unworthines of it if I would bring our Gov^ on the 
stage but will not Write it under hand w^'^out his leaue. I p'ceiue 
there is no likelihood of Arbiterm' heer bee. he conceiues no Abitraco 
fai -e unles it be betAseen some lioyall p'sons or invested w"" su- 
preame authority, otherwise I should advise he might haue notice of 
our meeting next at Coneetacut where they haue a llbrt to receiuo 
hira as he terms it. But if the States favor the Parliam*, it may 
easily be either there ended or such Comission p'"cured either to in- 
forme them, there, or heer end the controversie as hee demandeth, I 
suppose the late deputed Comissioners notw'^standing their weighty 
occasions in Enfjl. would be broucrht to do somew' in it, nay how 
easie were it for m' Peeters to goe furnished w"^ Cotnissio to end it 
in Holland. As for the controversie between M' Lamberton & them, 
v/e heare their yea & his nay. nor doe I know how we can right our 
fFriends of Xew Haven in any other way then already by the Comis- 
sion you gaue the, unles he would giue meeting as before w*^*^ I 
conceiue he neither can no' will. 

» William Whiting, a wealthy merchant of Hartford. He had a trading house on the 
Delaware river. 

240 JPortraits and Busts in Brown University. [July, 

The Swedish L'r I liauc also paused it coucciuc it not the Morst 
way to defer aiiswcrc till you cither licaro aguiuc from New Haven 
or understand w' furco yo' Cofnission hatli in those p'tB. ffor I sup- 
pose its in use ere now. 

I thank you for yo' large & painefull rclacO of the State of Engl. 
at pr'nt. The Lord in uierey luoke vpo his peop. & help furv/ard 
his owne cawsc. Thus saluting yo' selfe & ^P Dudley &C. in the 
L. Jesus w"" my due rcspcets to both of you ilC; all yo" ImmLly take 
leaue & remaine Yo" till death 

Marshfield (2.) G. 44. Edw : Wixslow. 

[Addressed] . To the right wp[)ll his much j honored ffriend J. 

lA^inthrop | Esq., Govern' of the ^Nlasa. j these be dd. 
[Endorsed]. ]W Win.^loic | about the | Ansi>j : from | the Sio : 

dc JDch. I 2. 6 ra° 1G44 :' touching | the Dutch. [The words in 

italic type are in the hanthvriting of Gov. ^Vintlnrop, those in 

roman in that of Josejih Hills.] 
(Seal in wax. A pelican vulning herself.) 


Commumcated by David "W. IIoyt, Esq., of Providence, R. I. 

I. Brown University. 

1. James Manning, first presideut of Brown University. Painted 
from life by Cosmo Alexander, in 1770. 

2. Rev. Dk. V^'illiam Rogers, for ten months tlie first and only 
student of Brown University. Born, 1751 ; graduated, 17G9 ; died, 1824. 
Presented by 3Iiss Rogers in 1SG4. Copied from an original, by his daugh- 
ter, Eliza J. Rogers. Original p;iinied by Rembrandt Peale, in 1795. 

3. Nicholas Brown, the distinguished benefactor of the University, 
from whom it derives its name. Born, 1709 ; graduated, 1786; died, 1841. 
Painted from life by Chester Harding, in 1836. 

4. SoLOHON Drown E, a surgeon in the American army, and a col- 
lege professor. Born, 1753 ; graduated, 1773 ; died, 1834. Presented by 
Dr. Drowne's family. Copied from an original, by C. C. Ingham. 

5. Tristam Burges, the distinguished orator and statesman. Born, 

' The date endorsed by Mr. Hills, nntnely, the 2d of the 6th [August] 1644, is evidently 
wrong. It should be the6ih of tlie 2d mo. [Aiiril] ; for Winslow has enclosed the 2 in pa- 
rentheses, and we see by the date at the beginniiiir of the letter that this is his mode of writ- 
ing dates ; besides Winslow writes about obtaininir the leave of " our governor," whereas he 
himself was governor of Plymouth at the latter date, liaving succeeded Bradford on the 
oth June. Ke also calls Coilk-r his partner, nieanini; prolnibly his associate as commission- 
er, which he was in April ; but in June John Erowue woa chosen to that office, and he be- 
came xMr. Winslow s as50;iiite or partner. 

' In the Registkr for Octubir, IS74, we gave a catalogue of the portraits and busts in the 
St-ite House in Concord, N. H., and at Phillips Exeter Academy. At our reque-t, David 
W. Hoyt, Esq., has kindly fumi-hed us with the tbIlo^^•!ng catalogue of the portraits and 
basts in the possession of Brown University, and of the Providence Athenaeum. ^Vc are 
promised similar catalogues from other colleges and institutions. A complete catalogue of 
all the portraits anl bu.-i'. in our public salk-rics would bo very -valuable for reference, and 
would insure the pei-penruioiiof ihoir hi-tory. Such a cutaloguo we Lope that the IIegis- 
TEH will contain at nu distant day. — [Editou.] 

1875.] Portraits and Busts in Brown University. 2-il 

1770; graduatoa, 179C; dieJ, 1S.33. Painted by C. B. King, of Wa.^li- 
ingtou, ami presentfl by him. 

G. AViLMAM Coi'DiNGTOX, first GovtMHor of Kbode Island. Copied 
from an in the C'ouMoil C'liainber at Newport, hy T. 3Iathc\v.soii. 

7- William IjLANDING, distingui.-ht'd for bis zeal in tlie study of 
natural liist(M-y, and fouudcr of the " l>laiid:iig Collection." liurn, 1770; 
graduated, 1801 ; died, 18<37. Au original painting. 

8. Esi;;k IIoi'KINS, first Commodore iu the American navy. Painted 
by M. J. Ileade, from an engraving. 

9. Samukl Slatkr, the father of American mamifiictures. Painted 
by J. S. Lincoln. 

10. Tiio.MAS PoYNToy Ives, a distinguished Providence merchant. 
Copied by J. S. Lincoln from an original by Chester Harding. 

11. Lkvi Whfiatox. an early gra<luate and professor of the University. 
Died, 1551. Painted by Geo. P. A. Healy, in 181G. 

12. William Ellkuy Chanxixg. The distinguished Unitarian L>i- 
vine. Copied from au original, by Henry C. Pratt. 

13. Gkx. James Tallmadge, Lieutenant-Governor of New-York. 
Born, 1778; graduated, 17'J8; died, 18.).'3. Copied from an original, by 
Eliza J. Rogers. 

14. Charles II., King of England, from whom Khode Island received 
her Charter, in iGGo. Painted from life, by John B. Caspars. 

15. Catherixe, Queen of Charles II. Painted from life, by John B. 
Caspars. — Both 14 and 15 were obtained in England by Ethelbert P. Bil- 
lings, and presented by him. 

IG. Joiix De Wolfe, professor of Chemistry in Brown University, 
from 1817 to ISoL An original painting. 

17. Adoxiram Judsox, the distinguished Missionary to Burmah. Born, 
1788; graduated, 1807; died, 1850. Painted by Geo. P. A. Healy, in 
184fi. Presented by the First Baptist Church, Providence. 
« IS. Moses Browx, founder of the Friends' School, Pro-vidence. 
Copied from an original, by M. J. Ileade. Original sketch by W.J. Harris. 

19. Col. William Bartox, the daring Captor of Major-General Pres- 
cott. Copied from an original, by J. S. Lincoln. 

20 Gilbert Stuart, the celebrated Portrait Painter. Painted by his 
daugliter, Jane Stuart, from an original miniature in her possession. 

21. Nathax B. Crocker, Rector for two generations of St. John's 
Church, Providence. Painted by D. Huntington, from life, in 18G0. 

22. George Berkeley, the celebrated Irish Prelate and Philosopher. 
Resided in Newport. 1720-31. Coj)ied from an original, by Henry C. 
Pratt. Original by Smibert. 

23. AsHER RoBBixs. — A Distinguished Scholar and Statesman. Paint- 
ed from life, by Charles King, of Newport. 

24. Com. Oliver H. Perry, the Hero of Lake Erie. Copied from aa 
original, by Jane Stuart. Original by her father, Gilbert Stuart. 

25. Hexry Wheatox, the distinguished writer on International Law. 
Born, 1785 ; graduated, 1802 ; died, 1848. Copied from an original, by M. 
J. Heade. Original by Healy. 

26. Fraxcis Wayl and, Fourth President of Brown University. Paint- 
ed by Geo. P. A. Healy, in 184G. Full length portrait, presented by John 
Carter Brown. 

27. Barxas Sear?, Fifth President of Brown University. Bora, 1802 ; 
graduated, 1825. Painted by J. N. Arnold, in ISGO. 

VOL. XXIX. 21* 

242 Portraits and Busts in Providence A.thenceum. [July, 

28. Olivkr Cro:m\vkt,l, Lcml Protector of the P^iiirlish Connnoii- 
wealtli. Paiiitetl from two miniatures and a cast, by M.J. llcade, in 16G».'. 
Original miniatures l»y vSanuiel Cooper, 

2'J. Gkx. Andukw Jackson', Seventh President of the United States. 
Painted froiu life, by Anuuis, in 1810. Presented by Col. William IT. 

'60. Adraham "\riiip^LF., tlie daring Commodore in the "War of the 
Revolution. Copied from an original, by !M. J. Ileade. 

31. LiECT. Col. Gi:KF.\f:, a distinguished Rhode-Island 
Officer of the Revolution. Copied from an original, by J. S. Lincoln. Pre- 
sented by Simon Henry Greene. 

32. ]>i:io.-Ge-V. Isaac P. R(ji>.-\rAN', who fell at the liattle of Antietam, 
in 18G2. Painted from a Photograph, by -T. S. Lincoln. 

33. Maj, William Idf, Browx, of the IStli New-Hampshire Volun- 
teers. Class of 1SG2. Born, 183'J ; killed at Fort Steadman in 18G5. 
Painted from a Photograph. 

34. Major-Gexekal AMnnosE E. Burnside, formerly Governor of 
Rhode-Island, and now U. S. Senator. Painted by Emanuel Leutze, of 
Jsew-York. A full lenijth j^ortrait. 

35. Hex. Samuel W. BRii>GHA>r. Class of 1794. Chancellor of the 
University. First Mayor of Provitlence. 

30. Hox. .Joux PiT.MAX. Class of 1790. Judge of the Supreme Court 
of Rhode-Island. 

Most of the above portraits were paid for by subscriptions from various 
persons. 3Iany of them have been oi)taiued through the exertions of the 
Hon. John R. Bartlett. Some of them are described more at length in 
Guild's Histoiy of Brown University, pp. 28d-29G; but catalogued under 
different numbers. 


Of the Rev, Dr. Wayland; a fine marble bust by Thomas Ball, in IBGl.^ 
Of Bishop Griswold, ) 

Tristam Burges, )- Plaster. 

Judge Story, ) 

Medalliox (Bronze) of Major-General Burnside. 


1. A portrait of Charles II. of England, painted by Cooper, a little 
more than half length, presented by Etlicl!)ert 11. Billings, Esq., in May, 18G3. 

2. A portrait of John Hampden, by Gandy, presented by the same, 
at the same time. 

3. A copy of Stuart's full length portrait of Washington, executed 
by an Italian artist from the original. painte<l for the Marquis of Lans- 
downe, presented by Samuel Larned, Esq., in 1838. 

4. Portrait of Cyrus Butler, presented by -tUexander Duncan, Esq., ia 

5. Portrait of Dr. James G. Percival, the poet, presented by Dr. N. 
A. Fisher in July, IS.jO. 

6. A portrait of Washington Allston, painted by Chester Harding, 
presented through the Rev. Edward B. Hall by a few friends of the 
Athemrum, ^laroh, 18";0. 

7. A portrait of President Zachary Taylor, painted by C. A. Foster 
in 1849, presented by 3Ir. Henry T. Cornettin 1865. 

1875.] Xames " Maine" and'' JSfeio-IIampshire.'' ' 243 

8. " A Gill readinir," by Sir Joshua Reynolds, being a portrait of his 
niece, Miss Tlicojihila I'ulmer. 

9. A picture calivtl " the Hours," painted in water colors on ivory in 
ISOI by Edward G. ^lalloiie, presented to tlie ^\then:L'ura in 1851, through 
the e^Vorts of two ladies of Providence who procured subscriptions to the 
amount of $1200 for tlie purchase of it. 

10. A copy by an Italian artist of a painting called " Simplicity and 
Malice." Supposed to bu by Autouio Caracci, presented by l])tht;lbert 11. 
Billings, Esq., in ISGl). 

11. A pliotograph of the Coliseum, five feet by two feet four inches 
inside the margin. From iNIr. Albert J. Jones, in 18G0. 

12. A photograph of Guide's Aurora, same size with the above, from 
Mrs. Anna Richmond. 

13. A bust of Shakspeare in marble, modelled after the Chandos portrait 
presented to the National Gallery, London, by the Earl of Ellesmere, and 
said to be the earliest extant. From Ethelbert li. Billings in INlay, Ibtvj. 

14. A marble bust of John Pitman, first president of the Athena'um, 
by George 0. Anuable. Presented by Wm. S. Patten, Es(p, in behalf of 
subscribers, in 18.53. 

15. A marble bust of Gen. Nathaniel Greene, by George O. Annable. 

16. A medallion in plaster of the Kev. Charles T. Brooks, of Newport, 
from Miss Eliza B. Lyman, in 1805. 

17. Nineteen busts in plaster, of ancient and modern worthies, from 
Homer to Charles Dickens. Given by various persons at dilierent times, 
ten of them by James Phalen, Esq., in March, 1840. 


As the origin of the names of the States is now a subject of discussion amonc; 
historical writers, the following letter is of interest. We learn that Mr. Tutile id 
preparing a full account of the origin of the name of Maine. 

To the Editor of the Boston Trayiscript : — The Transcript of 
the 5tli instant contains the article entitled, " Origin of the States 
and their Names," taken from the ^Maj number of the American 
Historical Record, which is worthy of attention from the groat public 
interest of tlie subject. Assuming that a superficial treatment of 
Nev-England history can no longer be tolerated, and that true history 
only is deserving of our consideration, I beg to call attention to several 
material errors in this article, respecting ]Maine and New-Hampshire. 

The statements, that Maine "derives its name from the pro- 
yince of Maine, in France, and was so called in compliment 
to the queen of Charles the First," are not sustained by any historical 
facts. The name, !Maine, was first authoritatively and dcliberatively 
applied to that part of the State lying west of the Kennebec liiver, 
in the charter of the great coimcil for New-England, granting this 
territory to Sir Ferdinando Gorges and Captain John Mason, dated 
August 10. 1622. In this charter it is styled the "Province of 
Maine." This event was nearly two years before the Princess 

244 A Contribution to Dramalic History. [July, 

Henrietta ]\[aria of France was thought of for a wife to Prince Charles 
of England. At the time this name was! inserted in the charter, a 
marriage treaty was pending, and \v<\<\ been for sonic years, between 
the courts of P^ngland and Spain, having for its object the mni-riage 
of Prince Charles and the Infanta ]MiirIa, daugliter of Philip III. of 
Spain. A marriage of these royal [larties was expected until early 
in the year 1G24. It is clear from this, and other circumstances that 
could be mentioned, that the naming of ]Maine had nothing to do 
with Henrietta ^Nfaria of France, as alleged. I may add, in this con- 
nection, that I expect to show, in my life of Captain John ]\Iason, 
soon to go to press, that this Spanish Infanta was designedly com- 
plimented about this time in the naming of a district in New-England, 
granted by the great council, a curious fact, overlooked by historians. 

It seems reasonably certain that the State of ]Maine owes its name 
to no European State, province or personage, but to its own unirpie 
geographical features. Years before the name appeared in tliis char- 
ter to Gorges and ]Mason, its territory, or the littoral part of it, was 
commonly designated by English mariners and writers, " The Mayne," 
variously spelt, to distinguisii it from its insular parts lying off tlic shore. 
This origin of ihe name, proposed long ago, seems to be the true one. 

The statements that Xew-Hampshire was " so named when it was 
made into a separate province in 1G76," and that "it was first called 
Laconia," are not true. Xo part of the original or present territory 
of New-IIampshire ever bore the name Laconia. The original ter- 
ritory of New-Hampshire first granted under this name, w'as included 
in the "Province of ]\[aine," before referred to, which extended from 
the Kennebec River to tlie ^Merrimack River. This, then, was the 
first Eng-lish name applied to New-Hampshire ; for it was seven 
years later, namely, 1G29, that the territory lying between the 
Merrimack and Piscataqua rivers was granted to Captain John ]\Ia- 
son and by him then first named " New-Hamj shire," and ever after so 
designated. Laconia was the name given to a province lying in the 
region of Lake Champlain, granted by the Council for New-England 
to Gorges and ]Mason, in lG29. Some years ago, a town in New- 
Hampshire was incorporated by the name of Laconia. New-Hamp- 
fihire was detached from Massachusetts in lG79,not 1676, as alleged, 

Boston, Jane 7, 1872. C. W. Tuttle. 


By the late Hon. William D. Willtamsov, of Banjror, ;Me. Communicated by the Hon. 
Joseph Williamson, of Belfast. 

ON the first day of September, 1814, a British force of about 
three thousand men to(..k possession of Castine, in the then 
District of Maine, vrhicli tliey strongly fortified and forcibly retained 

1875.] A Contribution to Dramatic History. 245 

until the following April. Among tlie troops was the twenty-ninth 
regiment of loot, called '' the Boston lieginient," it being the same that 
perpetrated the celebrated Boston ^Massacre. '' It is reported," said 
the Dostoit- iJaihj Advertiser, " that one man who was at that time a 
private in tliut mgimcnt still belongs to it, and is now at Castinc." 

During its Oi'ciipation, Castine was a place of great resort. ^lany 
of the British officers were gentlemen of refinement and of education. 
For amusement, they established a theatre,* where standard plays 
were performed, with the aid of scenery and decorations. The fol- 
lowing is a eopy of one of the progranuucs : 


As performed by Officers of the Garrison of Qietine, Jan. 2 (1815). 
At the Theatre Royal. 

Written hy Dr. Mackesy, Surgeon oftheG2d Regiment. 

Thocceneis clocccl,andWorthington^ at Oft bleeds and blisters at the Galen's 

rest, head ; 

From wo^ry cf.T-e that filled his anxious And gay Sir Charles,* forgetting Emily's 

breast, _ _ loss, 

His cot'age raised in western wilds once Attends all duties under Corporal Joss.* 

move, Frederick* no grave magistrate surpasses, 

But quits St. Lawrence for Penobscot's In ministering oatlis and writing paeses, 

shore. While Old Harrowby's^ voice l;iie vale 
Here social views his little band inspire, alarms. 

To breathe responsive to Apollo's lyre ; "With Attention ! ! Steady ! ! Shoulder 
In tragic strains or Thalia's sprightly art. Arms ! 

Aim to enlarge and humauize the heart ; And warlike aims the Comet's* soul in- 
With mimic woes the feeling bosom warm, flame ; 

Or merry satire calm the wintry storm. He shuts up shop and treads the path of 
The drama's past, we close the sportive fame. 

page. At Sir Robert's' nod the firm ramparta 
More varied duties now our thoughts en- rise, 

. gage. The Bastions range — the vengeful Bullet 
Emily,- this night so blest in love and flies. 

riches, Anxious to please, each member of the 
At morning's davrn draws on her boots corps 

and breeches ; Shall do his best to cheer this dreary 
Then Amazon-like extends the martial shore; 

hne, More thankful still, when tried by Can- 
Gives out commands and seals the coun- dor's laws, 

tersign. The Poor Gentleman'a efforts merit your 
The proud Lucretia,' though so nobly applause. 



V "Worthingtcn (the Poor Gentleman), . , Lieut. Gastin, Royal Artilhry. 

^ Farmer flarrowby, Lieut. Col. Ximines, (yZd Regiment. 

8 Cornet Ollap^d, Adj. J. Vea^ie, 2WA Regt. 

Stephen Lt. B. Wild, " " 

* Corporal Jess, Lt. J. Broodrick, " '* 

* Sir Charles Cropland, .... Ens. J. Tommers, 62rf Rrqt. 
Frederick Maj. Irvins, md Re<jt. Military Sec. 

» Sir Robert Bramble, .... Capt. Bonnycastle, Royal Engineers. 

' " It if- said that the British officers at Castine are hnildiniT a theatre, and that thev ex- 
pect to import the tuuiale pevtonnrTS fiom Button. If Boston w;is now us it was ia 1776 
tney would have some other amusement."— A' j/ei'j Weekly Register, Dec. 31, 1814. ' 

246 • Letter from South Carolina in 1768. \^^y 

Women . 
' Emily ^Vortbini^on, . . . Major AV'm. Hull, 6'3</ Ti''!]t. MaJ. of Bri^aJel 
» The iliU. Mi.->.s Lucrctia Muctiib, . Surircon J. Maoksey, ij'Zd lierjt. 

Paiiie LlarrowKy, . . . Lt. J. Dcnoii, O-Jd. 

Maug, . '. . • . Lt. W. llewat, 62J. 


From the " Haxcock MAN'uscun-T.s" hdongin:,' to the New-Englam) Historic, 
Genealogical Societt. 

Charles Town. 13'" Octo'. 17C3. 

We had the Honour to receive your Favour of the 11*'' of Aug* 
about three "Weeks siiice & the next morning put it into the Hands of the 
Chairman of the Com.'"'-' upon the Dispute w"' Mr. Moore our late Collector 
there being no proper Coin.'^^ on Trade here & with regard to ourselves we 
have both of us been entirelv out of Trade several years. — Your Letter has 
been hauded a'uout very generally among the merch'^ in Town who were 
almost unanimously of 0[)iiuoa " that there v/as no Occasion to call a 
meeting of ihein as they did not choose to enter into any Resolutions re- 
stricting their Importations l)eing of Opinion the Circumstances of this 
Province ditler widely from those of the Massachusetts." 

'Tis the prevailing Opinion of the thinking men in this Province to 
wait w'^ patience to hear what the New parliament will do relative to 
America, shou'd they not relieve us from the unconstitutional Impositions 
of the last, but determine on the Execution of the late oppressive acts on 
Trade & the essential Liberties of us Americans. We are then greatly 
hopeful that we shall follow your noble Example & introduce a thorough 
Oeconomy amongst us, & import only such articles as we cannot do without, 
& with regard to those give the preference to our sister Colonies when 
they can supply us — We are in absolute Want of a greater Number of ^Lrti- 
c^es than our Friends to the Northw^ from the Multitude of Slaves we have 
ajiongst us Sc no Manufactures at all, worth mentioning, being made in the 

We highly applaud the Prudence, Firmness & policy of your Province 
& think America under the greatest Obligations to her & are of Opinion 
that were the measures she recommends universally or even generally pur- 
sued throuo-hout the Colonies they must be efiectual, &, productive of the 
desired End. 

A little Time will soon show what the New parliam' will do, as to the 
Jy'ews papers there is no Dependance on them, if they are determined to 
oppress us. We are hopeful that Union cemented by the Stamp act & whose 
happy etfects we then felt will as conspicuously appear on any & every 
future Trial as it did theu. — On our parts as far as our little Influence lies 
nothiniy shall be wanting to promote it. 

We are gent^ w'*" the greatest Esteem 

Y' most obd' hble Serv" 

Gen' Commee of Jlerchanta R. Smith, 

In Boston. Christ. Gadsden. 

1875.] Slavery always Excluded from Vermont. 247 


Cora, by the Hon. IIilaxd Hall, LL.D., of North Bennington, Vt. 

THE territory comprising tlic state of Vermont had been ficttlcd 
under grants of land made in the name of the Engl isli. king by 
his governor of Xew-Hampshire. Afterwards the king by an order 
in council declared that the territory should constitute a part of the 
province of New-York, whose governor, thereupon, regrantcd the 
lands to others. But the settlers maintained their Xew-Hampshire 
titles by successfully resisting all efforts of the new grantees to 
deprive them of their possessions, and finally, disclaiming the juris- 
diction of New- York, established for themselves a separate govern- 
ment. One year after the continental congress had, in their decla- 
radon of independence, proclaimed to the world that " all men were 
created equal," Vermont, as a state, came into existence. Her 
people gave the stirring language of that instrument a practical 
etfect in favor of universal liberty, by incorporating into their con- 
stitution a pro\ ision absolutely prohibiting the existence of slavery 
within the limits of the state. This constitution was framed in Julv, 
1777, and Vermont was thus the first of the American states to ex- 
clude slavery by constitutional provision, or indeed by any legal 
enactment. The article then adopted has never been changed, and 
remains a part of the constitution at the present time. 
It is the first article in the Bill of Eights, and declares 
" That all men are bom equally free and independent, and have certain 
natural, inherent and unalienable rights, amongst which are the enjoying aud 
defending life and liberty ; acq^iiring, possessing and protecting property, 
and pursuing and obtaining happiness and safety : — therefore, no male person, 
born in this country, or brought from over sea, ougl t to be holden by law, 
to serve any person as a servant, slave or apprentice, after he arrives to the 
age of twenty-one years, nor female in like manner, after she arrives to the 
age of eighteen years, unless they are bound by theirown consent^ after they 
arrive to such age, or bound by law for the payment of debts, damages, 
fines, costs, or the like." — (Slade's State Papers, 244 ; General Statutes, 1 6.) 

While acknowledging the binding obligation of the child to his 
parent and the apprentice to his master during their minority, this 
article has always been understood to prohibit any other involuntary 
servitude, except in punishment for crime, an imderstanding con- 
firmed and established by both legislative declaration and judicial 

During the progress of the early settlement of Vermont slavery 
existed in all the neighboring colonies, and it is doubtless true that 
some of the emigrants had brought with them persons whom they 
sought to hold as slaves. They were, however, few in number, and 
the idea that man could rightfully be the subject of property, 

248 Slavcrii ahomjs Excluded from Vermont. [Julj, 

was repugnant to tlie feeling's of the great mass of the inhabitants. 
In accordance with this fcoUng, tlic constitutional provision was in- 
tended as a declaration of freedom to all persons who theu inhabited 
the st;ite, as well .is to uny wliu migiit afterwards he brought there. 
Nevertheless, tlie bondage of ])ei-sons in the state, who had been 
previously held as slaves, n\ight be sought to be continued by an 
attempted sale of them, or by transporting them out of the state ; 
to prevent which, the legislature on the 30th of October, 1786, 
passed an act, entitled ''An act to prevnit the sale and tranxpor- 
tation of negroes and molatfoes out of the state.'" Tiiat the act 
was founded on the provision of the constitution and was intended 
to prevent its fraudident evasion, clearly .appears from the preamble. 
The following is a copy of the act, following the title above given. 

'•' WnEREAS, hjj the constUution of this state, all the subjects of this com- 
monweaUh, of whatever color, are equally entitled to the inestimable bless- 
ings of freedom, luiless they have forfeited the same by the commission of 
some crime ; and the idea of slavery is expressly and totally exploded from 
our free government ; And whereas, instances have happened of former 
owners of npgroe slaves in this commonwealth, making sale of such persons as 
slaves, noticithsfandiny their being liberated by the constitution ; and attempts 
hove been iaad.3 to transport such persons to foreign parts, in open viola- 
tion of the laws of the land, 

'" Be it therefore enacted by the General Assembly of the State of Vermont, 
That if any person shall hereafter make sale of any subject of this state, 
or shall convey, or attempt to convey, any subject out of this state, 
with intent to hold or sell such person as a slave ; every person so ofiend- 
ing, and convicted thereof, shall forfeit and pay to the person injured, for such 
ofience, the sum of on^ humlred pounds, and cost of suit ; to be recovered bv 
action of debt, complaint or mformation." — (Statutes of 1787, 105 ; Slade's 
State Papers, 505. ) 

In 1802 the conclusive force of the constitution in prohibiting 
slavery was declared by the supreme court of the state. 

A colored woman wlio had been purchased out of the state and 
brought into the town of Windsor, had served her purchaser for a time, 
but having become infirm and blind, had been cast upon the town 
as a pauper. Tlic town brought an action against her allefjed 
master for money expended in her support, and in order to show the 
liability of the defendant as her master, offered the bill of sale to 
him of the woman from her former owner. But the court rejected 
the evidence, saying, ''our state constitution is express, no inha- 
hitant of this state can hold a slave; and though the bill of sale 
may be binding by the kx loci of another state or dominion, yet 
when the master becomes an inhabitant of tliis state, his bill of sale 
ceases to operate here." — (Selectmen of Windsor vs. Jacob, 2 Tvler's 
Eeports, 194, 190.) 

_ But notwithstanding the positive prohibition of the state constitu- 
tion, and the unif«jrm understanding of its decisive eftect aijainst the 
existence of slaver}- in any form, it Mas stated in the otiicial publi- 

1875.] Slavery always Excluded from Vermont. 249 

cation of the United States census for Vermont, taken in 1791, that 
there were then in the .state !(> t^hivcs. This imputation ui)on the 
character of our institutions, though altouether errnncinis, remained 
imexplaincd until 1<S72, when the original return of tlie census of 
1791 was discovered amuni^ tlie archives at A\'ashington, by Col. 
Georire D. IlarrinL'ton, acting superintendent of the census bureau, 
which clearly showed that the published report of that census, so htr 
as it charired the state with havin<2: slaves, was unfounded and uu- 
true. Xo slaves were found in the state at any subsequent enu- 
meration of its inhabitants ; but in the published official reports of 
each subsequent census, there has been inserted comjjarative state- 
ments of previous enumerations, in which tiic stigma of the existence 
of slavery in Vermont in 17 9 L was repeated ; the number 16 having 
been increased in these later reports, by some new blunder, to 17. 

In the report of the census of 1870, at page G'), the original error 
was corrected, for the reason stated in a note as follows ; 

"The census of 1790, puLlished in 1791, reports IG slaves in Vermont. 
Subsequently and up to 18G0, the number is given as 17. An examination 
of the oriirmal returns siiows that there never were any slaves in \ ermout. 
The error occurred in preparing the results for publication." 


The following table, showing the population of Vermont by counties, is 
taheu from the otncial census report of 1791. It is also found in Dr. Wil- 
liams's History of Vermont, Edition of 179-i, pnge -411 : 



-=0 ^ i.K 

•^ " 7^ 

'" ^ . _.' 








,t- -f^-zi---^ 

— ^ 

r" '*-' ~ -^. 


fe^ = = 

r— t '^ 

f^ — 3 

5 ""3 



G S 





































7, -543 
















It will be perceived that all the slaves are reported to be in the 
county of Bennington, and that not one is found in any other part 
of the state, though Bennington county contained only one sixth of 
its population. This of itself is calculated to create a strong sus- 

voL. XXIX. 22 


Slavery alu-ays Excluded from Vei^iont. [July, 

picion against the accuracy of the statement. For why ghoiiW there 
be sixteen olaves in that county and none in any of the others ? 

The con.viij (.<[ t'lc ^rsenil towns in the county of IJenniii^fton in 1701, as 
reported and publi^hud at the scut of govuruiueut, was as follows: 

_ . ._ _. .. 



£ o 




O O ~ "^ 

i) ^ 




-— '^' E T- x 

■' Si '5 

C2 • 




? ~ i_~ r:z 

'f- - '?. 


2 i? 5 

2 5 



'J, -' 'C 

*" Ut 


£: o ^• 

■? O 

C 1) 


1 "1 

































































































Total of the Co. 








It will be noticed that in the above table the whole population is 
divided into five classes, designated as follows : First, Free white 
males of 16 years and iipwnrds : Secoyid, Free white males under 
16 years; Thirds Free wliite females [of all ages] ; Fourth, all 
other free person.? ; and Fifth, Slaves. This division was in con- 
formity to the census act of ^larch 1, 1790, for which a form was 
given in the act, with the columns and headings as above. 

The orirjinal retuni of the assistant marshal for Bennington coun- 
ty shows that he added another column — one not required by the 
act. Plaving no occasion for a column for slaves, there being none 
to enumerate, he substituted for the above two right hand columns, 
three columns for free black.-, dividing them into classes as in the 
case of free whites, viz., into those of males of Ki years and up- 
wards, of males under IG years of age, and of females of all ages. 
This gave the number of free persons who were not white as required 
by the act, with the avlJition of specifying the different classes of 
those persons, of which the whole number was composed, with 
the same particidarity that the law had required in the case of 

The original manuscript retura of the census of Bennington coon- 

1875.] Slavery always Excluded fro-m, Vermont. 


ty, contains the names of all the heads of families in the several 
towns, and against each name the number in the family of each 
class of persons. It is plainly written, on sheets of fool:;cap paper 
pasted together, and forms a roll of over twenty feet in length. The 
following table gives the precise words of the headings of the several 
columns of the original return, and accurate copies of the footings 
of the ditferent classes of persons in each town, with the total num- 
ber of persons of all the classes in the several towns. 


Free white 
males of six- 
teen years 
and upwards 

of families. 

Free white 

Free white 






Free Blacks. 

1st colurnu over six- 
teen of males. 

2d column under 16 

3d column females, 
which include the 
three last columns. 




Bromley [Peru] 





















































































By comparing the above two tables, it will be seen that they 
agree in every particular, except in relation to free colored persons 
and slaves, and that they diifcr only in this, that while the number 
of free persons of color, as returned by the assistant marshal, was 
36, the pubhshed report transforms 16 of them into slaves, allow- 
ing only 20 of the number to be free. Nor is it difficult to see how 
the error in the published report occurred. The transcriber having 
blanks to fill with the right hand column headed slaves,^ copied the 
numbers found in the right hand column of the return, and thus 
heedlessly turned the 15 free colored females into slaves, adding at 
the close one free male under 16 fjr the town of Winhall. This 
addition for "Winhall is accounted for by the fact that the figure in 
the manuscript retiu-n was so placed, as to be readily taken by a 
careless observer to belong to the column from which the 15 had 
been copied. It will be noticed that the two tables not only show 
by their footings that the 16 reported slaves were free persons, but 
also agree in the number that was taken from each of the several 

252 Slavery alicays Excluded from Vermont. [July, 

towns to make up tlic IG. Tlus examination of the origfinal retain 
cstablislie^, beyouJ eontrovcr.-y or tlouht, tiuit the pul)ll.-lie<l ofKciul 
report of the census of 17'Jl was erroneous, and also the truth of 
the assertion at the Lei^iuiiig of this article that slavery wa-s always 
excluded from Vcrniout. 

Th.c orii2;iiial reiiu-n of the Lennin^on county census is certified 
by David Ivobinson as assistant marshal. lie was afterwards shevifF 
of the couQty for over twenty years, and marshal of Iho Vermont 
district for eiglit years, ending in 1819, and he died in Ijenningtou 
in 1843. His hand writing was extensively known and was familiar 
to the ^^^:ite^ of this article, who has carefully examined the original 
manuscri])t and knows the certificate upon it to be his genuine auto- 
erraph. The marslial of the district under whom he acted was Lewis 
R. Morris, of ^Springfield. 

Eaton-'s IIisiORT OF Readixg. CoRREcrioNS. — In the genealogy of the Poolc 
family of Reading, Mr. Eaton gives among the descendants of John"- Poole the fii-?t 
settler, and his son Cai)t. Jonathan- and Judith hi« wife, the name of Benjamin,^ 
son of Jonathan," as the father of \\'illiam* (horn 17'26) whoremoved toDanvers, and 
was ancestor of Fitch'' Poole, Esq., of Danvers. 

This is an error ; as the "William* Poole, of Danvers, grandfather of Fitch.' was 
a son, not ot Ueniamin,^ but of Zachaiiah'' Poole of MeVlfjrd, who removed there 
from Reading, gelling bis homestead at that place to Benj. Gibson, of Boston, Jai). 
26, 173-2, having married, Sept. is, 17'29, Rfl>ecca, daughter of Major Jonathan 
Wade, of Medfbrd._ His will, dated Medfjrd, Jlay 31, 1773, gives among other be- 
quests, to his son ^V illi'.m Puole, of Danvers (whom he al«o a})point8 solo, 
si.vty pounds sterling and a large silver Tankard. He also gives to his grandson 
Fitch* Poole, father of the late Fitch, ^ " a silver Tankard Vveiijhinj 25 ounces,'' 
and to his granddaughter Ann Poole, " my smallest can, which is all I design to 
give my grandson Fitch and my granddaughter Ann, inasmuch as Providence hath 
provided for them and considering what 1 expended upon their father William to 
Bt him for business in life." The estate sold to Benj. Gibson, on the removal of 
Zachariah Poole t-j .Medford, is that formerly known as the Deacon Eaton place, 
corner of Crescent and Eaton streets. 

Mr. Eaton speaks of John^ Poole a-^ coming to Reading from Iiynn,and als<D 
alludes to his being of Cambridge in 163-3. But in his Historical Address (Wake- 
field. July 4, 166S), he say?^ "the settlement of this village was commenced in 
1639, un.'er a grant of land from the irenoral court to the toivn of Lynn, of four 
miles square, and was called Lynn Villaire." He then adds. " This grant included 
substantially the present towns of ^V'aketic'ld and Reading." As no record can be 
found of removal after his first settlement, the obvious conclusion is that Lynn is 
spoken of as John Poole's former residence only because it was the original name of 
Reading, or of that part of it in which he settled, isava^ie, in his Genealogical Dic- 
tionary, falls into the same error. 

Again, Cambridge was known only as " Newtown " until 1633, and yet John 
Poole is always stated to be " of Cambridge in 1632." If. as stated by ^Ir. Eaton, 
he gave the name Readinir to the town, in honor of his English birth-place, it is 
hardly probable that this Cambridge could mean Cambridge in England, as 
the place whence he came_ to settle in Lynn Village. WGat authority there 
is for connecting his name with Cambridge at all, is a point on which his descend- 
ants very much desire to be informed. 

C. H. Poole. 

Washinston, D. C. 

1875.] Will of John Birjg, 253 


(Froai n coj'^ furnisbcfl by E. W. N. St.vrr, of Miudletown, Conu., 
ami annotated by W. II. Whitmouk.j 


ri^^IIE importance of tlic following dociunent warrants tlic space 
JL which has been given to it. From it wq learn of the connec- 
tion between geveral families of the firt-t scttkrs, and we know the 
neighborhood from which they emigrated. A part only of these facts 
had before been discovered. 

The person whose will is here copied was John" Biog, of ^Nlaid- 
stone, in Kent, lie may iiave lived here in Xt-w-England, certainly 
he had property here and relatives. lie s])eciHes as living in Xew- 
Engiand, his mother, his sister Foster, and his brother Stowe. He 

further mentions his cousins James ])ate and Lvnc and cousin 

Betts, all in this country, besides, apparenthj, his friends Cleiiienc 
Bate \^'{ Bates), William 15achelor, Edward ^V'hitt (? AMute),John 
Compton, John Moore, Thomas Bridgden, and one goodman Beale 
*'that went from Cranbrook." He gives 40s. to iNlarie Terrie in 
New-England also. 

"We can also discriminate certain relatives of his wife Sibilla, viz., 
his mother-in-law ]\Irs. Dorothea ]\Iapli?den, bro. Jervis ]\[aplis- 
den, the Swynocks, &c. The Maplisdcn family is mentioned in 
Berry's families of Kent, and this match is recorded, though not 
properly. He says (p. 323), that Edward M., mayor of Maid- 
stone, in 1604, m. Dorothy Curties, and had Gervais and Peter, 
beside six daus., of whom Mary, b. 1002, m. John Biijo- in 1026. 
Edward was own cousin to Robert jNI. of Lyd, whose grandson 
Peter m. Edward's dau. Elizabeth. Another dau. of Edward ]M. 

was VVauces, who m. Stace, but no more matches are recorded 

by Berry. We nuiy infer that his brother Beavons or Beacon was 
one who m. a ^Maplisden also. 

As to the English localities, nearly all are easily found in Kent. 
Maidstone is a well known place, about in the west centre uf the 
county, Cranbrooke is about 12 miles due south from it, while 
Loose, Linton, and Horsmonden are about on the same line goin^r 
south from ^laidstoue to Cranbrooke. Langley is east of the line, 
and Harrietsham east again of it, both near Loose. Brenchley is 
west, and Staplchurst east of the line, about parallel to Horsmonden. 
Tenterdeu is S. E. of Cranbrooke, with A\'ittersham south of T., 
and Lydd, once a seaport, is still farther to the S. J'L, almost to 
Dengeness Head. Sadomi is doubtless an error in copying. 

But to return to Xew-England. His mother was clearly the 
Eachel Bigg whose will of ]S'ov. 17, 164G, is in Suif. Wills, i. 89. 
She mentions 

VOL. XXI2. 22* 

254 Will of John Bigg, [July, 

Nephew Hopestill Foster. Thaukful his daiigliter. Ilopestill Foster his 

sou. Patience his dau. 
Thankful Stow. 
Son-in-law J..>liii Stow. Thomao his eldest son. IMarie his dau. Samuel 

his son. Juliii his son. 
Elizabeth Stow, wii'e of Henry Archer, and her dau. Rebecca, sons John, 

Isaac and Thcophilus. 
Kathaniel Stow. 
Son-in-law Peter Masters, now living in England, his wife Katharine and 

dau. Eliijabtjrh. 
James Batte, S"". and his son James. 
The now wife of Thomas Lyne. 
Clement Batte and his dau. Raehell. 
The now wife of "William Bachellor. 
Thomas Bcatts. 
Thomas Beall, John Conijiton, goodwife Turner, the wife of Richard. 

Brittan, goodiuan ]\Iead, old Margery, goodwife Place, goodwife 

Hill, goodwift' Putohing, 

It is clear therefore \\\i\t wc have so far, as children of Eachel : 

i. John Bi_g, of ^lauiitone, d. IG-il. 

ii. Smallhope Bigg, d. before 1G41 ; 

iii. a dau. m. Ilopestill Ftister ; 

iv, a dau. m. John Scow ; 

V. a dau. m. Peter Masters. 

Of course this Joliu Stow* is the Roxbury man, a member of 
Eliot's church. (Thornton's Life of Heath and Bowles, p. 177.) 
He brought wife Elizabeth and six children, Thomas, Eliznljeth, 
John, Nathaniel, Samuel and Thankful. It will be seen these names 
of children agree with John Bigg's will. Elizabeth m. Deo. 4, 
1G39, Henry Archer. liachel Bigg mentions iMarie as a daughter 
of John Stow, — is this an error, or is she possibly the Mary Terrie 
of John Bigg's will ? 

Next we have her •nej)//eio Ilopestill Foster. I cannot easilv ex- 
plain tins word "nephew,"' because it is clear that he was her son-in- 
law, a description afterward given to John Stowe. Yet it is most 
likely that he was both ; i. e. tiiat he had married a cousin, and 
therefore Eachel might term him either. 

His wife Patience, aged 40, came over in the Elizabeth, with son 
Ilopestill, Jr., aged 14, in company with liachel Bisrg herself. It 
is clear from this will that he had daus. Patience and Thankful, the 
latter doubtless the one bapt. here Sept. 11, 1640, as Savage 

It is fixir to argue that the mother was dead, as she is not mentioned 
in Eachel's will. 

* Savaffc says he died Oct, 26, I^JIS, whi'h would not asree with his beinff executor of a 
•will (luted in 16 i6. Bin the authority Eliot's Cli. Roo.") docs not Siiiijiort Siivairo. It re.uN 
thus: " 164-j, 8 mo. day 'X, .S'ohp an old Kentish man dyed, i\as net of t.iie 
church, yet uu ins s^;k hod .--oiiii.' ha.l soiue hope.- oi' him." The name is ciciirly Stoiw, and 
cannot mean John .';:o\\ , ^vho uas a ch. uieinucr as wai iiis wife. 

1875.] Will of Julin Bigg. 255 

AVe pass next to the Bate or Bates items. James Bates was clearly 
the Dorchester settler, who came also in the Elizabeth, with wife, 

three daus. and a son James. His will of , 1055 (Suft'. AMlls, 

i. 82), meuLiuus son iueiiaiu BiiLo, ui" Lid luwne in Kerit, as well as 
son Jamoa here, Ctc. Ills <lau. ]\lary ni. Ilopestill Fo.«^ter, Jr. 

Clement Bates, of liingham, was doubtless his brother, as both 
are related to the Biprijses. 

Thomas Beatrs was probably of tlic family now called Betts, and 
not a Bates. I cannot identily him, but he is ]>robably allied to- 
John Biggs's "cousin Betts of Lengley," i. e. Langley, eo. Kent, 4 
miles from ^Maidstone. 

The other persons named are probably to be identified here, and 
the presumption would be that they were also from Kent. The 
"Goodman Beall who went from CVanbrook" in John's will, is doubt- 
less the Thomas Beall of liachel's will ; there was a Thomas at 
Lynn, and one at Cambridge, says Savage. 

"William Bachiller, whose now wife is also noticed, may, will be 
the Charlestowii man, who had two wives; it is to be noticed that 
Joseph B. of Lynn was from Canterbury, Kent, and the Lev. 
Ste[)hen of Lynn may yet prove to be from that county. 

Tliomas Lyne may be the Charlestown settler ; the name is usually 
called Lynde. 

As the will hereafter printed was one of the results of a search for 
a supposed fortune belonging to the descendants of John Stowe, it 
seems proper to dejJ with that delusion. Clearly John Bigg, if he 
died childless, meant as to his English property, that his wife was 
to have the rents of liis house at Maidstone, and of his land at Lyn- 
ton. But for the rents of his other lands at Cranbrook, "Wetterslmm 
and Lyd, they were to be divided between Ilopestill Foster and the 
four s<Dns of John Stowe. Now by Sutf. Deeds, i. 31<8, it aj)pears 
that Sept. 7, 1653, an agreement was made between Hopestill Foster 
or one part, and Thomas, Nathaniel and Samuel Stowe of the other 
part (John Stowe, Jr., being doubtless dead), as to the wills of tlieir 
"deceased uncles, Smallhope Bigg and John Bigg, both of Kent," 
agreeing to give Foster one half " of all those lands in Crambruoke, 
\\"ithersham and Lidd, which vSmallhope Big!? gave unto Samuel Bigg, 
his brother's son, and Thomas Stowe andhis son John as heirs to John 
Stowe, his uncle deceased." The other half was to goto the Srowes. 

This would seem to mean that there had been an earlier inter- 
marriage between the Stowes and Biggees, for which no solution can 
be given without a search in England. 

But we may safely assume that Foster and the Stowes, at the 
ime, looked after all their rights and sold ail the lands in England 
to which they had any claim. It is interesting, genealogically, to 
know whence the Stowes came, but it would be wrong to waste 
money in any search for property consumed by its lawful owners, 
doubtless, two centuries ago. " w. h. w. 

256 Will of John Bkjg. [July, 


In the name of God Anion. The 17"' daic of Aui^ist in the yeare of 
our Lord Clirist, a thousand sixe hundred and fortie, I, John Biiri; of 
Maidstou iu tlie Countio of Kent, jurat, boeinije by the mercie of God in 
good heallh of bodie, and of peifect remembrance in mind for the which I doe 
give thanks unto God, doc make this my last will and testament in man- 
ner and forme follo\vin<:e, that is 

First, I committ my soulo unto the mercie of God my Creator trusting 
assuredlie thorrough the merittes of Jesus Christ my Redeemer and Saviour 
to be made partaker of lite evcrlastinge, and my bodie to the earth to bee 
buried at the discretion of my wife and mine Executor Mr. Andrew Brough- 
ton, whom I doe ordaine my sole executor of this my last AVill and 
Testament, trusting that he will bee carefuU to performe the trust by mee 
committed to him herein. And now concerning my teraporall estate I dis- 
pose of it as followeth. Item. I do give to the ordinarie poore of the 
parrishe of Maidstone live pounds to be distributed by the overseers then 
being, and more I give tiftie poundes towards the clothing of hfteene poore 
people whom my wife and executor shall thiuke most fitt to bestow it upon. 
Also I give unto Ivogor ]>all, John Bowden, William Whetstone, Samuel 
Browne and Samuel Skclton £'). a piece, and to widowe Clarke and Mrs. 
Peirce wiildow, tiftie shillings a piece. Also I give unto the poore of the 
parrish of Cranbrooke tive pounds to be distributed to twentie poore goalie 
people, by my brother Peter Masters, and James liolden of the same par- 
rish, or their executors. Also I give to the poore of the parri^h of 
Biddenden tive pounds to be distributed to honest godlie poore, to twen- 
tie poore tive shillings a piece, at the discretion of Mr. William Randolph 
and Mr. Robert Drayner or their exec', all which legacies my will is to bee 
paid within six months after my decease. Item. I doe give to Susan the 
wife of D;niel Clarke my ancient servant, live pounds to bee paid her at 
twentie shillings a yeare, except it can otherwise att discretion of my exe- 
cutors bee laid out for her good. I give also to William Lauraman tive 
pounds to bee paid twentie shillings a yeare. Item. I do give unto William 
Ayerst fiftie pounds to bee paid within sixe monthes after my decease, and 
my mynde and will is, that hee takinge my stocke and living in my house 
as my desire is, that all the wares except hoftps and goods that hee shall 
take being indifi'erentlie prized, that he shall paie on one half of them, the 
other half so soone as may pay my debts for them in London, or else so 
soon as my executor shall v.ant it a hundred pounds per annum, and for all 
my debtes that shall bee then owinue me, to the end hee may take some pains 
and bee the more careful to gett them in, that hee shall have one shilling per 
pound allowed him out of them, hee doinge his best endeavor for the has- 
tening them in, and acquaintinge my executor, with them that will not pale 
without trouble, that speedie course bee taken with them : and to all other 
my servantes, I shall have livinge with mee at the time of my death, I give 
fortie shillings apiece and twentie shillings a yeare for so manie years, as 
they have lived above two years with me. if such bee in my service, to be 
paid within sixe months after my decease. Item. I give to Richard 
Weller senior of Cranbrouk fortie shillings : To Cheeseman my Porter and 
fetcher in of my water, fortie siiillings and to old goodman Greensm'th of 
Loose, fortie shiliu:gs and to widduw Durliy of Stapelhurst fortie shillings 
and old goodman Rumpv or Ids wife of Harrisham fortie shillings. To 

1875.] Will of John Bigg. 257 

Mrs. "Warren wicMow Lite of Sandwich five pounrlos and Mr. Harber Mun- 
ster of Raisli beside Mellinge live pouiides,and to Mr. Eluie.4on shoolmastcr 
of Maidstone live poundes. desiring him to preacli at my funerall. And to 
Blr. Goodacker and toIMr. I'vain^iton, brother to widdow C'horletou of Loose, 
two poore godlie ministers, 1 think of Sussex, fifcie shillings a piece to be 
I>aid wil'iin one yeare after my decease. Item. I give to the Corporation 
of Maidstone of whioii I am a member ten pounds towards buying a new- 
mace withall. Item. 1 give unto Damarys Wilson now livinge with mee, 
to bee paid her at her daie of mari-iage or at the years of one and twentie, 
one hundred poundcs, tlve pounds a yeare to bo paid for the hundred 
poundes to her father l^ mother, if her father dye during tlie said term, it 
shall bee payable to her beginning the time, from after one ^vhole 
yeare after my decease. Item. I give unto INIary Tatuall the daughter 
of Tho' T. now li^-inge with me, to bee paid at the day of her marriage 
or at one and twentie years of age twentie poundes, and if she dye 
before the said money be due, then I give it to her sister Judah Tatnull to 
be payable as aforesaid. Then I give to Pucknam Johnson now livinge 
with me, tene pounds to putt him out apprentice to some convenient trade, 
when he shall attain the age of 14 or 15 yeares, and I give to my sister 
Johnson his mother ten poundes to bee paid by twentie shillings a yeare. 
I give to my cozen Mills widdow living at Raysh, and to my cousin Bot- 
ten, widdow liviufj at Brenchley, and to my cousin Sarkeys wife oi L(.-t.ds, 
to each of them turtle shillings a piece, and to my cousin Gaskyne and 
my cousin Betes living about Leugley fortie shillings a piece. These 
legacies to be paid within one yeare after my decease. 

^'^ow concerning my lands in New England, my will is, that my mother 
being paid twentie pounds a year out of it, due to her by my brothers will 
out of his house at Cranbrook, that she shall have twentie pounds a year 
more out of 'it duringe her naturall life, and that my sister Foster have 
twentie pounds a yeare out of it. duringe her naturall life, and my brother 
St.owe ten poundes a yeare out of it, all these livinge in New-England. ]Sow 
if it shall not yield seventie poundes a yeare, then I will, my mother to 
have her twentie poundes. a year at Cranbrook, to be paid her as the will 
goeth, and the rent of that in Xew-En.dand to be divided between my 
motler there and sister Foster, and my minde is, that after their decease, 
that ill my lands in Ne^ -England shall goe equallie, the rent divided to 
Ilopestill Foster, Thomas Stowe, John Stow-e, Nathaniel Stowe and my 
brother Stowe's two dauohrers, one parte of sixe and so equallie to bee di- 
viped into sixe partes, to go to them and their heires forever, and for the one- 
half of it after my mother's or sister's decease, to come presentlie to bet- di- 
vided, and my brother Stowe's ten poundes a year also after his decease- 
Now concerning my lands in Old England, my mind is that my wife Sihtlla 
Bigg, beside her Joyntare shall have the remayndere of that my house 
yeilueth, that lyeth in Maidstone, which I now live in, beside the twentie 
potmds a yeare, which I hope will be twentie poundes a yeare more, and 
also the Rent of my house and land in Lynton. Besides I give unto her, 
one and hftie jiounds to bee paid within one yeare after my decease, 
if she be then living and one hundred poundes of my Flatte and houselKjld 
stuffe to take where she pleaseth after that is prized. And if Michatjltide 
or our ladie day full not out within one moneth after mj- decease, my will is, 
that within one moneth after my decease, my executor let her to have fortie 
pomides, she payinire it again tlie lirst Rentes she coinea to receive. And 
for all my other Rentes at Cranbrook, "Wettersham, L^^Iq, which is about 

258 Will of John Bigg. [July, 

fjftie pounfles per armum, my lei^ncles and debte?; being first paifl, and {hat 
my motlier and sister Foster recuivini,' sixtie [(onnds a yeare at least in Now 
England ont of my landos tiiere, tliou my mind and will is, that ll(j')o 
Foster, and my brother Stowe's tower sonnes before named shall lia\t', the 
Rentes of it etiuallie divided, with liberty to sell either of their partes, being 
of age to make good sale of the same, alwaies provided tliat if my mother 
nnd fcister Foster enjiy not the former sumo of three score pouudes a yeare 
in New-England, Tliey shall receive the rentes of this during their life's, 
thirtie poundes a yeare my Mother Bigg, and twentie poundes a yeare my 
sister Foster, and tlie longest liver to have the whole tlftie pounds a year 
daring her life, and after to the uses aforesaid, and afctr their decease to 
goe as aforesaitl: And for my otiier house and land at Ilorsmonden, ten 
pounds a yeare, one whole yeare after my debt.s and legacies are paid, I give 
to Elizabeth Stowe one hundred poundes and to Thankful Stowe the re- 
mainder of it, which if my executor will not give one hundi-ed pouudes 
more at her coming of age, or daie of marriage, then to make it ui)p a 
hundred out of my estate, and concerning the rest of my lands after my 
wife's decease, which will be aljout three score poundes a yeare or upwards, 
if my mother Bigg be then livinge and my sister Foster or either of them, 
my will is that they or either of them living shall have twentie pounds a 
yeare out of the said landos l^O'^ides liofore giving them during their, or either 
of their naturall life's and after my wifes decease, or either of theirs, the 
Eemaynder of the Rentes aforesaid, to be divided as my will is, the v\'hole 
shall be al'ter all their decease. Tiiat is. I give to Hopestill Foster tifteene 
poundes a yeare, to John Stowe fifteen poundes a year, and the Hemainder 
to be equally divided between Thomas Stowe, Samuel Stowe. John Stowe 
and Nathaniel Stowe, with lil»ertie either of them to sell their partes, when 
its come unto to them if they be of age to make good sale of it, and I au- 
thorize my executor either to sell, or keep the aforenamed ten poundes a 
yeare of rentes in Horsmanden hee payhig tlie twoe legacies given to Eliza- 
beth Stowe aud Thankful Stowe as aforesaid. 

Item I give unto Elizabeth Pell, dwelling with me ten pounds, besides 
what money shall be due to her by my brother's will, and one accompt at 
the time of my decease. Also I give to my cousin Beatuxes wife of Ten- 
terdeu fortie shillings and to Marie Terrie in New-England to be paid in 
one whole yeare as the otlier. Also to my cousin Godfrey Martyne, and 
to my cousin Smith's wife of Sadomi, late Saltman live poundes. I gis'e 
unto my cousin "William Boysse furtie poundes, and ten poundes in house- 
hold stufTe, of that remayning unsold in my house at Cranbrook, and tins 
to be paid him, when he discharges such bond or bonds as I shall at the time 
of my decease bee engaged for him, if any bee, and If none, then to be paid 
within one year after my decease. 

Item. I o-ive unto John Crumpe sou of Thomas Crumpe, to bee paid him 
within one yeare after my decease, tea pounds to buy him books with, aud 
as concerning one hundred pounds, I received a guifi of my brother Beav- 
ons, to goe towards mayntenance of a publick scholar sent from Canterburie 
to Cambridge for seven years, if hee so long continued there which accord- 
inglye hath been performed, yet notwitlistandinge if it bee conceived it 
was meant for ever, I will my executor with my wife and cousin Touge of 
Canterburie, that tbey see the said one hunch-ed pounds settled in such 
way as may be most agreeable to my brotliers will, and my executor seeinge 
if so to bee donj, pay the one hundred which I ha'.e received, and to p/de. 
five pounds a yeare to the use al'otesaid till hee pale it, in, or bee settled 

1865. J Will of John Bigg. 259 

aforesaid. Item. I give to my brother Peter Masters of Cranbrook, ten 
poiuKles, ami to lus fuuer children, five pouiides, apiece, to be jiaid so soon 
as my executor sli-.ll have money iu his liaudes, afttT my former legaci<;s and 
debtes bee paid. Item. I gi%^e to my cousin .James IJate of New -England, 
to cousin Lyne of N'-w-Eugland, to each of them fortie shillings, and to 
Clement IJate and Williain I'achelor each of them five pounds, and to Ed- 
ward Whitu .John Comitton, John IMoore, Thomas IJridgden, Goodman Iji.-ale 
that went from Cranl>rook and my cou-it> IJetts there, each of them twentio 
shillings a piece, and ten pounds more to godlie poore in New-England bee 
given by the discretion of my Executor, this to be ])aid next after my brother 
Masters. Also, I give unto my Executor, Mr. Andrew Broughton, all my 
parte of the hopp garden on my brt)ther Swynocks land, and all my parte 
of that shipp andst'-eke called the London, ]\Ir. John Eondon being maister 
of it, besides all his expenses hee shall at any time or occasion layout about 
tliis executoishipp. by mee committed to him, and if it sliall hapi)en my wife 
should bee with child, when I dye, then my mynde and will is, that all lega- 
cies of my lauds given in Old England to bee voide. and goe to my child, 
vrhether it beo sonne or daughter, but if it live not to the age of one and 
twentie yeares, or bee married then my mynd and will is, that my legacies 
and guitits goe as aforementioned, and if I should have anie child before or 
afLCV my dealli, aud iiii.s my will not altered, and that anie of my sister's 
children in New England, shall seek by anie means or device of law to 
trouble my executor or heires about any of my lands, that weare either my 
brother Bigg's or mine, that that, or they attempting anie law, shall make 
voide all his or their parts, of landes given them in New-England, or other 
legacies in my will. 

And also to my brother Robert Swinock, I give a stone pott, with a 
guilded lidd, axid also to my mother Mrs. Dorothea Maplisden, my brother 
Mr. Jervis Maplisden and his wife, my brother Mr. Nynian Butcher and 
his wife, M'. Robert Swynock's wife, "Mr. Thomas Swynock, my brother- 
iudaw, also Mr. Wilson and his wife, and my brother Welding, to everie 
of these forty shillings a piece to buy them a ring or such like for a token 
of remembrance, and to Mrs. Marie Duke twentie shillings to buy a sugar 
loafe, all which legacies I desire to be paid within a yeare or sooner, if my 
Exec itor have money in his hands, and further my will is, that if there bee 
besidis my debtes paid aud legacies given, one hundred poundes or tiftio 
poundes spare, that if the Companie do goe on again of buying in of Im- 
propriations, that my Executor shall paie towards the furtherance of that 
pious work, within sixe moneths after it comes into his hands, the said one 
hundred poundes or if not so much, then fiftie pounds if it bee spare, out of 
my estate as aforesaid, and after this bee performed if anie yet bee, my will 
is that it shall be e-iuailie divided, one half to goe to ten godlie ministers, 
or ministers widows, whereof I desire jNF. Elmeston of Cranbrook, whom 
I have forgotten in my will to have partly, and the other halfe to bee given 
to such godlie poor christians as my wife, my executor and overseers here- 
after mentioned shall think litt. 

Aud I entreate and appoints my lovinge friends .James Bolden of Cran- 
brook, Tho' Lambe of Staplehurst for to bee overseers of this my last will 
and testameut & to bee aydinge to my Executor, by their advice aud coun- 
sell for the better performance of this my last will and testament, and doe 
hereby give to my said overseers, for their paines »fc trouble thesume of live 
poundes a piece, to b.e paid withui sixe moneches after my' decease ; and Ir is 
my mynde and will that if mine Executor shall dye before my Will be 

260 Will of John Blgcj. [July, 

proved, that thon my two overseers sliall bee sole executors and enjoy to 
thorn those two ;:;uil}tr.s of my parte of the IIoi)p gruuixl and my {lurti,- of 
the Sliipp calhid the London as my aforouientioned executor iMr. IJroa-htou 
should have done. It is also my AVil! and mynde, that if it shall iiainuai at 
any time that anie amhiL'^uitie, doubt or rpiestion shall growe or arise betweeue 
anic ^vhatsocver about the meaningo of this my "SVill, or any parte thereof 
by reason of the imperfection or defecte of, or in anie words, clauses or 
sentences in this my will that then and for the further and better explana- 
tion thereof and construction of the said ambiguitie or doubt, I will and 
ordain that my lovin^'e friends and overseers aforenamed, that they shall 
expounde, explain and interpret the same, accordinge to their wisdomes and 
discretions, and as shall seeme to them most agreeal)]e to my mynde and will ; 
and the same so determined by them sliall soe stand and bee whatsoever may 
seeme to the contrarie in my 'Will, and further it is my will that if anie 
whomsoever to whom I have in this my will given any guitft of laudes, 
legacies, money or of goodes or the heires, executors of anie of them doe 
attempte to go about to do any act or antes thing or things for aliene, alter, 
or discontinue this my will and ti-stament or anie thing therein mentioned 
^and shall refuse to be ordered, and not abide the awarde or order of my 
lovinge friendes and overseers aforenamed, or of one of them, if it shall fall 
out but one of ihcm liviiigc, v.hcu the donbt or Question shall arise, or the 
executor of them ; if that they bee all dead, if anie 1 sale shall refuse to be 
ordered b\- him or them as aforesaid, then it is my will & mynde that the 
persons so attempting & refusing to be ordered that then and from thence- 
forth his, hers, or that guitfle or guitftes, legacie or legacies whatsoever by 
mee formerlie given to anie such bee attested void, and the same guiiFte, so 
formalie given to anie shall remain, and bee to such person or persons in this 
my will mentioned as if the person or persons so attempting were dead in- 
deed, anie thing before in this my will declared to the contrarie. Also I 
will that my executor and overseers- to see i)erformed anie legacie or guilfte 
in my brother SmallLope Biggs will, late of Cranbrook which shall not be 
performed by mee before my death, by reason of not beinge due or forgotten 
or also if anie thing in my Brother Beacon's will, to which by reason of 
my wife, ought by me to be" performed ; al)Out the guitfle of one hundred 
po mdes on the Rem;iynynge part of a lease at Cambridge, I desire them 
acordynglie, to see it performed in what they shall see fitt in their con- 
sciences or by law by mee to be performed. Aiso it is my will that anie to 
whom I have given guitits or legacies, that if at the time of my death, they 
are indebted to me, or their husliand, that they shall unsett that they owe 
mee or so much, ;is their legacie comes unto. Also it is my mvnde and will 
that anie charges my executor or overseers shall bee att, at anie time about 
this my will, that it shall bee allowed them over and beside their "-uilTtes or 
legacies by mee given. In "Witness whereof I have to this my last will and 
testament containing three sheetes of jtaper, putt my hand to evrie sheete 
thereof, and my seal to this last sheete, that beeing all written with mine 
owae hand and tinished this seven and twentiethe d:tie of March 1641. 
Proved 7 Feb^ 1012, ly the Executors. By mee Johx BuxG. 

Dampnet.— rCopied from Xotarial Records, co. Essex, by H. F. Waters.] John- 
son Franklin, Nov. 11, ITJi, :uid William :\Iooreiriii:, Jan 4, 1724-.5,make oath that 
John Dnnipnoy, now in bnlr-L-i. N. K., i.^ the rc;,i!red son of Williaoi Dampuey of 
LynJhurst parish in Greut Uricain who lately died in Salem. 

1875.] Baptisms in Dover, N. II., 1717 — 17GG. 



Octob. G. 
Nov. 20. 

March 30. 
Aug. 17. 
Sept. 28. 

Octob. 12. 






BAPTISMS IN DOVEE, N. II., 1717— 17G6. 

Copt OF tue Ket. Jonathan CcsniNc's Rfxoru of Baptisms in Doveh, N. II., 


Conimnnicated by John R. Ham, M.D., of Dover. 

Anna DangU'' of Capt. Tim° Gerrish. 
John & Elizabeth, child" of Beuj'' Pierce. 

Thomas & Elihu, Child" of John Hayes. 

Gcrshom Downs. 

James Heard & Deborah Ids "Wife ; Benjamin, Deborah 6c 
IMary their Child". Mary, "Wife of Daniel Ilorne; Daniel, 
their son. Mary, Wife of Samuel Jones; John. Abigail 6c 
]\Iary their Child". Widow IMary Ash ; Judith her Daugli' 
Ester .Jones. Abigail Powers. 

Abigail Hayes. Peter Cushing, born inst : 

Samuel & Bridget, Child" of Joseph Bierd. 

Martha Wentworth, & her Child" Richard, Thomas, Ezekicl 

& Damaris. 
John, son of John Wingate. 
Joseph, son of Ann Drew, now Titcomb. 
William, sen of Tim° Gerrish. Mary, D^ of Paul Gerrish. 

Ichabod Hayes, & his Cliild". 
Gershom, Martha, Thomas, Rebekah, & John, Child" of 

Gershom Do^tis. 

Sarah Hall. 

Jonathan Cushing, bom 24'^ Inst. Hezekiab, son of John 

IMary, Daugh'' James Pinkham. 

Hannah, Wife of Nath' Perkins. Eliz% Wife of John Bickford, 
& their son John. JNIary, Wife of Jacob Allen, ^fc their 
Child". Samuel, son of Job Clements. The Child" of Tris- 
tam Heard. 

Humphrey Foss. Sam' Heard, and Eliz" his Wife ; Expe- 
rience & Elizabeth, their Child". 

Lydia, Dangh'' of James Heard. 

Gershom "Wentworth. Fidellah Hardy — negro. 

Ann Evans, Widow. Ann, D'' of Daniel Titcomb. 

Mary, Daugh'' of William Chamberlain. 

Ezekiel, sou of Ichabod Hayes. Samuel, son of John Wingate.. 

Abigail, Daugh' of Capt. Tim" Gerrish. Ichabod, sou of. 

Daniel Horn (Home). 
Samuel, son of Paul Gerrish. 
Abigail, Daufrh"^ of Tristam CofRn. 
Peter Hayesl Ann i^ Reuben his Child". 
Eiiz% Daiigh"" of Richard Goodwin. 

NoF. 10. 

March 6. 
« 27. 



.July 31. 





Octob. 30. . 




















Baptisms in Dover, JST. H., 1717— 176G. [July, 




March 18. 






















March 17. 



























. 8. 





























Deborah Cusliing, born 6"^ Inst. 

Jane, D- of Tristan; Collin- 

Hannah, "Wife of William Jones. 

Krubcn, son of Trisram Heard. 

Matiirin Piicker & Ilannali his Wife. Elizabeth Twombly. 

Joseph Kicker cS: Eliz'' his Wife, 6c John their Child. 

John, son of Samuel Hearfl. 

Ilauuah, Nath', IMary & .James — Cliild" of Thomas Nock. 

Josepli, son of Peter Hayes. 
William, sou of Daniel Titcomb. Lois, Daugh' of James 

Elizabetli. D' of John Hayes. 
Tamsen. Wife of Joseph Ham & their D"" Jane. 
C;ipt. Benj" Wentworth. 
John *fc Elizabeth, Child" of Benj^ Weutuorth. 

Pebekah, D' of William Chamberlain. 
Daniel, son of John Wingate. 
Job, sou of Job Clements. 
Eieanor, Dau-jh' of William Jones. 
Nathaniel, son of Timothy Gerrish. 
Susanna, D'' of Paul Gerrish. 
Mercy, D'' of Thomas Nock. 
Thomas vStarboard. 

soil of Icliabod Hayes. 

Tristam. son of Tristam Heard, Jun'. 
Phebe, D'' of James Heard. 
William Gushing — born 26"' Inst. 

Edward Pevey. 

Tristam, son of Tristam Colfin. Abigail,' D' of Capt. Benj'' 

Wentu-orth. Sarah, D'' of Doct. Jonathan Crosbee. 
Joseph Daniels. 

Hannah. D' of Penj" Twombly. 
Abra, D- of .J<;hn Hayes. Sarah & Mary, twin Dangh" of 

Daniel Tltcoml). Richard, son of Richard Goodwin. 
John, Hannah Ot Elizabeth — Child" of Richard Plumuier. 
Richard, son of Gt;r.shom Downs. 
Sam' Catniey. Sen'. 
Benj", son of Peter Hayes. 
•John Twombly, sen'. 
iMary, D' of 1 >aniel Horn. 
Sarah, D' of Joseph Ricker. 

Sarah, AVife of Daniel Plnmmer. Tamsen Wentvrorth 
Ephraim & Hanuali, Child'' of Dan' Plummer. 
Hannah, D' of Jauu-.s Pinkham. 

Tamsen. D' of Benj^' Twombly. 
Judith, Wife of Cunt. Thomas Tibbets. 
iNIaro'crv *.^ LyiHa Fos.s. 

Thomas Ti!:l.etrs ct Sarah his Wife, & Thomas their sou. 
Widow Judith Tibbetts 6i her Child" viz., INIary, Samuel, 

1875.] Baptisms in Dover, JST. 11. , 1717—1766. 












. 11. 
















Auff. 7. 




















March 19. 



Judith & Ichaboa. Samuel Willey. Simon, son of Na- 
thaniel Kandel. 

Sarah Horn. 

Abisiail, D' of Joshua Perkins. 

BeriJ^ Foss. 

William Wentworth. 

Joshua, son of Johu Wiugate. James, son of .James Heard. 
"Wilham, son of William Jones. 

Philip Faton. 

Moses, son of Ichabod Hayes. 

Robert, son of Johu Hayes. 

Jonathan, sou of Paul Gerrish. 

John, son of Daniel Titcomb. jMehetabel, D' of Peter Hayes. 

Joseph Heard & Rebecca his Wife. John Waldron, Jun' ^ his 

son John. 
Reuben, son of Maturin Ricker. 
The other Child" of Maturin Richer. Ephraim, son of Joshua 

Perkins. Sanmel & Judith, Chik^ of Sam' Heard. 

Daniel, son of Daniel Plummer. Noah, son of Joseph Ricker. 

Samuel Cromwell and Rachel his Wife, & their Child". William 

Downs & his Child", — Samuel, William & Phebc. James 

Hobbs & his Child''. 

Bidfield, son of Richard Plummer. Hannah, D' of Richard 

Rachel, D'' of Benj^ Twombly. 
Love, D'" of Thomas Nock. 

Elizabeth Gushing — born 6'" Inst. 
Dorcas, D'' of Maturin Ricker. 
Sarah, D'' of James Pinkham. 
Benjamin, son of Daniel Horn. 
Lydia Canney. 
Jonathan, son of John Wingate. 

Benjamin Hayes & his son Benjamin. 

Deborah Canney. Elizabeth Hanson. 

Daniel, son of Joseph Libbey. 

Temperance. D'' of Zackary Nock. 

Jeremiah Railings & Elizabeth his Wife & their Child", :\Tary, 
Lydia, Deborah, Sarah, Ichabod & Elizabeth. Samuel R;ui- 
del & EiizMiis Wife & their Child" Mary, Samuel. & 
Eliphalet. Samuel Corson «S; IMary his Wife, & their Child" 
Joanna, iMary, Samuel, Ichabod & Hannah. Joseph Pevey 
& Child Esther. Sarah, Wife of Zackary Nock, & their 
Child" Joshua, Joseph, Zackary & Benjamin. John Tt- b- 
betts & JMary his Wife, & their Child" Timothy, William, 
Moses, Joshua, Hannah, Abigail & Mary. The Child" of 
Sam' Jones, viz.: Samuel, Ebenezer, Elizabeth. Dorcas, 
Mary & Esther. Hannah, D' of William Jones. Ebenezer, 
son of .John Roberts. The Child" of Philip Yeaton. viz. : 
Phebe, William & Philip. Abigail Pitman. Judith Power, 
Richard Clay. 


Baptisms in Dover^ iV. H.^ 1717 — 17G6. [July, 
































I 2. 














































Aaron, son of Ichabod Hayes. 

William Whiteliousc & his D"" Elizabeth. Wentworth, son of 

John Hayes. Ilanunh, D' of William Wentworth. 
Benjamin, son of Daniel Plummer. 
Elizabeth, D"" of Daniel Titcomb. Joseph, son of 

Kicker. Abir;ail, lY of Benjamin Hayes. 
Abigail, A\ ifo of John Ham, & their Child" Elizabeth & 

John Hurn Sc Elizabeth his Wife, & their Child" Isaac, Eliza- 
beth »?o Mary. Abra, D' of Benjamin Twombly. Joseph Hall. 
Surah, D- of Gcrshom Dciwus. 
William, son of John jMcDutfee. 
Joseph, sou of Joseph Heard. 
John, son of Peter Hayes. 
Nathaniel Perkins. 
Mary, D' of Daniel Greene. 
Abigail, AVife of Icliabod Tibbetts, and their Child" Judith, 

Abigail & Nathaniel. 

Margaret, Wife of Thomas Wallingford. 

Thomas, son of DocL'' Thomas oMiller. Thomas, son of William 

"Downs. EUzabeth, D"" of Samuel Randel. Sarah, D' of 

James Hoblis. Sarah, D"" of Benjamin Weymouth. 
Jane, D"" of John Mac Scovy. 
Tamseu, Wife of John Hayes. 
Benjamin, son of Gershom Wentworth. Ebenezer, son of 

William Chamberlain. 
Elizabeth Church. 
Hannah, D'' of ]Mical Emerson. 
DaTiiel, son of Joshua Perkins. 
William, son of Robert Knight. 
Abigail, D"" of John Carter, 
Hannah. D' of Maturin Kicker — in private. 
Joseph Richards. .Joseph Connor & Sarah his Wife. 
Abigail, Wife of Moses Wingate, & their Child" Edmund & 

Ruth, D' of James Davis. 

Moses & EUzabeth, twin Child" of John Wingate. 
Mary Lord. 

Ephraim, son of Joseph Hanson. 

Pliilip Stagpole & Child" Sarah, William, Lydia & Elisha. 

Thomas, son of Dr. Thomas Miller. 

Lydia, D' of Major Paul Gerrish. 

Jonathan, son of James Piukham. Abigail, D'' of Jonathan 

Samuel, son of Maturin Ricker. 

George, son of Benj* Hayes. Joseph, son of Robert Knight. 

Hannah, D*" of James Heard. 

John, son of Tristam Coffin. 

Mary, Wife of W". Foss, »& her Child", viz. : Lydia & Timo- 
thy Hanson (by her I'' Husband, Benj" Hanson), & Mary 
(by W". Foss). BcthiaHaU. 

1875.] Baptisms in Dover, JST. B., 1717— 176G. 













March 21. 



































March IS. 




May 29. 























John Hanson, sou of Mary Foss, Wife of W"". Foss. Deborah, 

D' of Moses "Wingate. 
^lary, D' of John ll;im, jun'. 
Rcbccra, D' of Joseph Heard. 

Abigail, Wife of Uan' Meserve, jun^ & their Child Joseph. 
Tamscii Ham. Sam' son of John Hayes. 
John, Son of William Whitehouse. 
Eliz", Wife of Ezra Kimbal, and their Child Mary. Paul, son 

of Daniel Horn. Abigail, D' of Ichabod Hayes. 
Jonathan, son of Nathaniel Randel. 

Dorothy, D'' of William Chamberlain. 

Blatthew, son of John ilac Scovy. 

Ebenezor, son of Daniel Plummer. 

^Mary, D' of William Weutworth. 

Hobart & Mary, Child" of Hobart Stevens. 

Daniel, son of Daniel Titcomb. Sarah, D' of Joseph Rickford. 

" At Rocliester, N. IL, at ye Dedication of ye new meeting 
Houie — baptized by ]Mr. Adams," Jonathan, son of Jona- 
than Copps ; James, sou of John Mac DutFee ; John, son of 
John Blaekden. 

Daniel & Elizabeth, Child" of Doct' Jonathan Crosbee. 

Eunice, D'' of William Twombly. 

Richard, son of Ezra Kimball. 

Welthean, D' of John Huckins. 

Chatborn, son of W". Foss. 

Mary Church. 

Elizabeth, D^ of Benjamin Hayes. 

Jonathan, son of Dea" Jolm Hayes. 

Nelabe, D' of Ezekiel Weutworth. 

Benjamin, son of Col. Paul Gerrish. 

Abigail, D'' of Mica Emerson. 

Sarah, D'' of vSamuel Heard — in private. 

Susanna. D'' of Tristam Coffin. 

Ebenezer, son of Moses Wingate. 

Lydia & Joanna, twin Child" of Peter Hayes — in private. 

Lucy, D' of W'". Whitehouse. 

John, son of John Ham. Mary, D"^ of John Blaekden, of 

Rochester, N. H. 
Mary, Wife of Tim" Emerson, & their Daugh' Hannah. iVnn, 

ly of Joseph Hall. 
Daniel, son of William Foss. 
Elizabeth & Hannah Bampton. 
Dorothy, D' of .John Wingate. 
John Church, & Child" .John & Daniel. 
Haunah, D' of Benj'^ Hayes. 
John, son of W™. Twombly, jun''. 

John Horn & Child" Mary & Sarah. 
Mary Ditte. 

Da\-id. son of Daniel Titcomb. 


Baptisms in Dover, S^. II., 1717 — 17GC. 










































Nov. 9. 

" 23. 
Dec. 28. 

Jan. 13. 

« 30. 
Feb. 22. 

March 28. 







Thomas, son of Sam' Davis. 

Sanmol, sori of Timothy Emerson. Deborah, D' of John 

Abigail, D' of TC/ia Kimbal. 
Abigail, D' of Dani-.-l Horn. 
William, sou of William Catc. 
Thon)as Horn & Child" Judith, Margaret, Samuel, Abigail, 

Dnisilla. Nathan & Elizabeth. 
Joseph Cheslov — in private. 
Elizabeth & JMartha Varney. 

Hannah, D'' of Widow Abigail Hayes. 

Abigail, D"' of John Huckiiigs. 

Hannah, D' of Capt. Tristam Coffin. Dodavah, son of Benj" 
Hayes. Job, sou of Job Demerritt. Susanna, D' of Ed- 
ward Tibbetts. 

Lydia, D'' of reter Hayes. 

]Mary, Wife of Xehemiah Iviraball, & Child". Moses, son of 
Ezekiel Wentworth. 

John, son of John Oerrish. 

John, son of Zecbariah Edgerly. W"". son of W™. Whitehouse. 

Noah, son of John Wingate. 

Moses, & Jonathan, Cliild" of John Gage. 

Stephen, son of Sam' Heard. 

William, Paul & I']benezer, Child" of John Heard, all of whom 
died within two days after. 

Ephraim Ham & Arma his Wife, & their Child" Joshua, 
Ephrain:, INIoses & Aaron. 

Abigail, D' of Daniel Titcomb. 

Daniel, son of Sam' Heard — in private. 

At Rochester, N. H., on a fast Day, Mary the D'' of Benj* 
Foss, & Samuel, sou of W™. Chamberlain. 

Anna & Israel. Child" of Isaac Libbey. 

Deborah and Daniel, Child" of Daniel Harvie, jun^ 

John Robert? & Child" Sam^ & Eliza — and his wife's chUd 
Joseph. Eliza, Wife of Solomon Emerson, & Child Micah. 
Benjamin, sou of Robert Tomson. Benj"' & Hannah. Child" 
of John Buzzell. Samuel, John, Ebenezer & Rebecca, 
ChUd" of John Tasker. Joseph & Benj% Child" of Archi- 
bald Smith. James & Robert, ChUd'' of James Jackson. 
•Sam', son of Sam' Chesley. 
Abigail, D"" of Tim" Emerson. Elizabeth, Wife of John 
Young, & their Child" Thomas, Aim, jNIary & John. Elea- 
nor, Wife of Thomas Ash, &. their Child" Mary, Thomas, 
Judith & Benjamin. James & Dorothy, Child" of Joshua 

Hannah Hall. 

Mary, D' of Joseph Hall. 

Eliz* & Sam', Child" of Sam' Drown — in private. 

Eliz% D"" of .James Hanson. 

Eiiz^ & William, Child" of Sam' Wille, jun''. 

Eliz*, Wife of Sam' Wille, jun"-, &. Child JVIary. Ebenezer, 
son of John Ham. 

1875.] Baptisms in Dover, K. H., 1717—1766. 

















































March 9. 

























Octob. 15. 





Charles, son of John Blackden. 

Lydia, D^ of Nohemiah Kirubal. Mary, D' of .Joseph Bickford . 

Ann, D'' of oMoses Wiugato. 

Shadtach llol^don aud ^Nlary his Wife, & their Child" Ann & 

Dudl;y Watson, & his son Dn.Hcy. Nathaniel Horn, &c his 

son NatV. 
John, son of John Heard. Ehz% D' of Ezra Kimbal. 
Mary Hanson, upon her death bed. 

Joseph & Paul, Child" of Gershom Downs. 

Ponifret Dame, aged 14 years. 

John, son of John Mardin. 

Aaron, sou of John "SYingate. 

George, son of John Gerrish. 

Spencer "Wentworth — in private. 

William, sou of John Gage. 

Paul, son of John Demerritt. 

Betty & Anna Hartford. Henry, son of Edward Tibbetts. 

Anna, D' of Ephraim Ham. 

Mary & Sarah, ChikP of John Marden. 

Bcnj% son of Capt. Thomas Miller. 

John, son of John Huckings. 

Ichabod, son of Peter Hayes. 

John, son of Capt. Thomas Miller. 

Patience, Wife of Benj'' Ham, & their Child" Mary & John. 

Martha, D' of Samuel Heard. Joseph, son of Shadrach 

Hodgdon. INIary, D' of John Wood. 
Joshua, son of Joshua Perkins. 
Love, Wife of Capt. Thomas Miller, & their Child"^ Abigail, 

Thomas, Hannah, Elizabeth & Lydia. 

Sarah Watson — on a sick bed. 

Mary, D'' of WilHam Whitehouse. 

Enoch, son of Daniel Titcomb. Eliz' D' of Nathaniel Home. 

James, son of Ichabod Tebbetts. Sarah, D' of Joseph Bickford. 

Lydia, D' of W"^. Foss. 

Elizabeth, D"" of Samuel Hodge. 

Jacob, son of W'". Chamberlain. 

Israel, son of John Ham. Eli, son of Job Demerritt. 

Benj% son of Paul Gerrish. 

Widow Eliz* Jones, & her daugh' Ana. 

Daniel, son of Nehemiah Kimball. John, son of John Church. 

John Davis, son of Daniel Rogers. 
Mary, D"" of George Home. 

Sarah, D'' of John Wingate. Moses, son of Moses Wingate. 
Paul, son of Thomas Home. Lydia, Wife of Arthur Danielson, 

& their Child" Sarah & Mary. 
Humphrey, son of Joseph Hanson. 
Deborah, D' of Tristam Cothn. 
William, son of John Heard. 
Joseph, son of Joseph Hall. 
Paul Roberts — upon a sick bed. 


Baptisms in Dover, iV. //., 1717 — 176G. 











March 11. 

























, 1. 






March 21. 




















John Foye — upon a sick bed. 

Daniel, son of Zecliariah Efljxerly. 

Sarah, D' of John ]Ui'>»'rf<: — being sick. 

Lucy, D"' of Dudley AV'atson. 

Abigail <Sc Joseph, CbiM" of Jona. Thomson — in Durham. 

John, son of John Sanborn. 

Sarah, D' of Timothy Emerson. Joseph, son of Solomon 
Emerson. Isnaf & .James, sons of James Lcigliton. 

Patience, D'' of Benj* Ilani. Eli/abeth, D' of John Mardin. 

Susamia, D' of Capt Thomas Miller. 

Ichabod, sou of Ephraim Ham. Sarah, D' of Sam^ Whiteliouse. 

Samuel Ham — on a sick bed. 

Patience, Wife of W">. Hill, Jua'. 

<Sarah, D'' of "William Cate. 

Levi, son of Arthur Dauielson. 

Sarah Dittey. 

Ezra, son of Ezra Kimball. 

Samuel, Stephen & Lydia, Child" of Widow Lydla Ham. 

Baptized at y* meeting IP in y* S. W. part of y* Town (now 
I\radbury). liebecca & Sarah Child" of Thomas Bickford. 
Jonathan, son of Daniel Harde. Abraham, son of John 
Buzzell. Solomou, son of Solomon Emerson. Judith, D' 
of Tarn' Jackson. Thomas, sou of .Joseph Johnson. Joan- 
na, D^ of David Daniel. Abigail, Benj^' & Lydia, Child" of 
W^. HiJI, jun^ 

Mary Tibbetts. 

Susannah, D"^ of .John TV'ood. 

Mary Tworably, on her Death bed. 

Samuel, son of Richard Jones. 

Samuel, son of Samuel Hodge. 

Daniel & Shadrach, Child" of Daniel Ham. 

Sarah, D"' of John Gerrish. 

John, son of .John Woodman. Sarah, \y of ^ 

Stephen Jones. Nathaniel,. son of Elipha- > At Durham, 
let Daniel, Hannah, D' of Thomas Chesley. ) 

George Home & his DauLrh"' Elizabeth. 

Mary^ D^ of Shadrach Hodgdon. Sarah, D' of W"". White- 

Benjamin, son of .John Church. 

Samuel, son of Isaac Clark of Durham. 

Love Clark (in private — being sick). 

Eliz^ D^ of Joseph Hicks. Betty & Lois, Child" of Francis 
Drew. Clement, son of Daniel iSIeserve. Nathaniel, son 
of Henry Buzzell. David, sou of Joseph Johnson. 

Robert, son'of W"'. Hill. 

Ephraim Wentworth «& Child", viz., Mary, Grant, WiUiam, 
Ephraim & Martha- Anna, D" of Joshua Perkins. Mary, 
LK of John Roberts. 

Paid, son of John Ham. Eliz% D^ of W"'. Twombly. 

Benj*, sou of Moses Wingate. Spencer, son of Ephraim 





March 1 . 





















1875.] BajJtisms in Dover, J\\ //., 1717— 176G. 269 

Haunah Jackson. 

Eli//, D' of John Wood. 

IMaiy, Hannah, & Susannah, D'^ of John Young. Rebecca, 

D' of Icliabod Tibbetts (in John Young's house). 
Susanna ct I]enjamin Chil'l" of Ceo. Chesley — in Durham. 
Francis L^i; Elijah, Cliild" of Joseph Drew. Kachcl, D' of 

Geor!:::e Home. 
Mary, D' of Cb.eney Smith. Moses, son of Ezekiel "Wentworth. 
IMary, D'' of Vincent Torr. 

John, sou of William Cate. David, son of Dudley Watson. 
Joseph, son of John Demerritt. Rebecca, D' of John II uckings. 
Richard, son of Richard .Jones. 

Abigail, D'' of Job Demerritt. Aaron, son of James Lcighton. 

Sarah, D''of John Buzzell. John, son of John Rowe. Samuel, 

son of Solomon Emerson. JNIeribah, D'' of Joseph -Jackson. 

" 27. Josiah, son of John Heard. Elijah, son of Reter Hayes^ 

Jacob, Mary & Sarah, Child" of Jacob Hersum. Sarah, Dr 

of Nathaniel Home. 

Octob. 5. Ebenezer, son of W*". Jackson, jun^ 

" 10. IMary, Frances & Hannah, Child" of Stephen Willey. 
" 25. Thomas Young. 
Nov. 1. John, son of Docf Moses Carr. 

" 22. Mary & Stej.hen Pinkham, & Child Abigail. Patience Pink- 
ham & Hepzibah Pinkham. 
" 26. Jonathan, son of Samuel Davis. 
Dec. 13. John Starbird & Sarah his wife. Daniel Ham & his son 
Joseph. Ambrose Bampton & Deborah Kielle. 
" 16. Nathaniel Young — upon a sick bed. 

" 27. John Drew & Patience his Wife. Jonathan Hanson & Anna 

Dec 30. Sarah, D' of Eli Demerritt. 

Benj°' Hall & his Wife Frances & 
their Child" Benjamin, Isaac, 
Joseph, John, & Abigail. 

Baptized at y* 

Christian, Wife of Joseph Rines, V in y* Westerly Part 

& their Child" Betty & John. 
Anna, D'^ of Nath' Davis. 
Robert Willey, & his D-" Anna. 
Joseph, son of Thomas Bickford. 

of y° Town. 

Jan. 1. Eliz* & Frances, Child" Jon" Brew. 

Eliza & Hannah, Child" of Eliphalet Hill. 

Lncretia, D^ of Abigail Hilh 

Hannah, D' of Robert Huckings (sick). 

at Durham. 

2. Ebenezer, Sam\ William, Ichabod, Tabitha & Mary the Child^ 

of WiUiam Buzzell. Joseph, Paul c*c Elizabeth, Child" of 
y^ Widow Eleanor Perkins — in y^ House of W"". Buzzell. 

3. Lords Day— Martha, Wife of Elihu Hayes & William & -John 

their Child". Mary & Anna Bampton. Jonathan Watson. 
William Twombly, «& his son Moses. Elizabeth Twombly. 

270 The Alger Fnmihj of Maine. [July, 

Clement & JouatLan Ham.- Joslah, son of JonatUaa 

Jan. 8. John Crockett-^on a sick bed. ] 

Deborah, D' of lehabud FoUett, I «, r>,...'i,n,r, 

Anna, ir oi John L;i.skcy, 

Joseph, sou of Joseph Jackson, J 

" 10. John Tebbetts, ]\[o?C's Whitehouse, Ebenezer Demerritt, Eze- 
kiel "Willev, Kichard Glover, Abigail Bamptou. 

" 17. Sarah Pinkham. Anna, Wife of Abraham Clark & Child" 
Anna & Mary. 

[To be continaed.] 


By AuthiTv M. Alger, of Boston. 

AMONG the early settlers on the coast of Maine, were two brothers, 
Andrew and Arthur Aliror. They came from England, but it is 
uncertain at -what time. iMr. "Willis states that their native town was Dun- 
ster, in Somersetshire. There are reasons for believing, however, that it 
was Dunston, in Norfolk, in which county a family of the name has long 
been settled. 

Andrew was living in Saco as early as 1640, and was then styled a sur- 
veyor. In 164-4 and 1645 he hod a company of men on Stratton's Island 
engaged in tlie fisheries. In IGol, he with his brother purchased of the 
Indians a tract of land, lying within the limits of Scarborough, containing 
about a thousand acres. The terms of the purchase are set forth in the 
following declaration of one of the Indians concerned : 

" 19'' of Septemher. 1559. The declaration of Jane the Indian of Scarborough 
concermn? lands. This aforesayd Jane alias Uphannum doth declare that her mother 
namely Nagasqua the wife of Wackwaarawaskee Sagamore and her brother 
namely U^agoguskitt and herself namely Uphannum coequally hath sould unto 
Andrew Alger and to his brother Arthur Al^^er a Tract of Land" beginning att the 
mouth of ye Kiver called blew Poynt liiver, where the River doth part, and soe 
bounded up along with the Kiver called Owa~;seoage in Indian, and soe up three 
ecoore poole above the falls, on the one side; and on the other side bounded up 
along with the northcrmosc ilivcr that Dreaneth by the great hill Abram Jocelyn's 
and goeth northward, b<junding from the head yt River South A^est, and soe to the 
aforesayd bounds, namely three .<core poole above the Fulls. This aforesayd Uphan- 
num doth declare that her raother and brother and shte hath already in her hand 
received full satisfaction of the aforesayd Alger for the aforesayd Lands from the 
beginning of the world to this day, provided on condition that for tyme to come 
from yeare to yeare yearly tiio af jret>ayd Alger bhall pcacably suQer Uphannum to 
plant in Andrew Alger's ticW -^oe long a^ Uphan: and her mother Negasqua doe 
both live, and alsoe one bushel of corn for acknowledgment : every year soe long 
as they both shall live. Upham : ilotli declare that ye bargan was made in the year 
1G51 unto which shee doth suliscrite the mark of UphanniTm X." 

In 1674, the "Indian Jane" made a second acknowledgment of this sale 
which is thus recorded : 

1875.] The Alger Family of Maine. 271 

" Note yt this saylc of ye Land Recorded in pa: 111: within cxpre&'^ed, sonld to 
Andren- A'gor by these IiiJIaiis, was suiild to ye sd iMi'or-s them y hcyrs, executors, 
adiuinietrators and ahsigns forever, us is owned by Uphaui : alias Jane, this 27 : of 
May 1674 : In presence of 

Williaui Phillips, 
Selh Fletcher." 

To i\\\^ tract of land the brothers gave the name of Dunstou, in moiuory 
of their home in Ola England. And this name is still borne by the 
flourishin<j village which has arisen there. 

In the month of October, 1G75, an attempt w\as made by the Indians to 
destroy tlieir garrison house, they with two of their relatives being in the 
house at the time collecting their goods to carry for better security to lilack 
Point. The Inrlians, failing to capture the garrison, retired into the woods, after 
burning the empty houses of Andrew's sons-in-law. But in the attack tlie}' 
had accomplished more than they w^ere aware of, for Andrew was shot dead, 
and Arthur mortally wounded. The latter died at the house of William 
Sheldon, in Marblehead, on the 14th day of the month. Andrew's family 
fled to Boston, where his widow married Samuel Walker soon after. 

Arthur Alger was constable of Scarborough 1C5S, grand-juryman ICGl, 
and in 1G71 and 1G72 a representative to the General Court at Boston. 
He married Ann, daughter of Giles Roberts, who survived him. IIavin<-j' 
no children, he brought up three of the sons of his brother-in-law Giles 
Roljerts, and at his death left them £5.10 a-piece. 

Andrew Alger removed from Saco to his estate in Scarborough, in IGoi. 
He was constable and selectman, and in IGCS received the commission of 
lieutenant. His wife was Agnes, by whom he had the following children : 

2. i. JoHX, m. Mary Wilmot. 

3. ii. Andreas, ni. . 

4. ill. Matthew, m. Mnrtha Carver. 
.5. iv. Elizabeth, m. John Pahner. 

6. V. Joanna, m. (1), Eiias Oaknian ; (2), John Mills. 

vi. , m. John Ashton (or Austin), and d. sometime between 1670 

and 1660. 

2. JoniN^ Alger (Andreu^), m. Mary, daughter of Nicholas Wilmot, 
an innholder, of Boston. He had two children, viz. : — 

i. Elizaijeth, b. 1669. In 16S7 she was baptized at the First Church, in 
Charlestown, where she was living with her uncle Nathi Adams. She 
m. John Jlilliken. uf Boston, and, on her father's death, coming into 
possesreion of a large share of the Aber estate in Scarborough, they 
removed chither in 1719. They had four sons : John, Edward, Samuel 
and Nathaniel, uho in 1730 purchased the rights of the other Alger 
heirs. _ Samuel was lost on the return from touisburg 1745, and died 
while pinging a hymn of praise to God. Edward was appointed Judge 
of the Inferiur Cuurt 17G0, remaining in office until 177i. 

ii. Jonv. Lost in the expedition against Canada, 1690. Before setting 
out he executc<l the following instrument, which was recorded in 1716 
in the Middlesex Registry of Deeds : 

"I Jolin Alger, formerly of Weymouth, now Resident in Charlcstown in New En:r- 
land, Carpent'T, Ijcin? bound out into ye Countries Service with Sir William Plnpps n^'aink 
ye Indians and Fivncii, and not knowin;,' liow it may please the Lord to deal with me as 
to ye srivinic or takmc: away of mv natural life — The^e may certify to svhora it may .con- 
cern, That m ca:-e that I yfioukl die or he killed in ye Service, I do make my dearly hcloved 
and only si.-^tcr ElizaliL'tbAliTcr my heiress, and hereby do give and liequeath unto her 
whatsoever shallhe due to me for my T^ai^es or my said Service during my life. Also I 
do fully, freely and clearly give and lioqiicath untu her and her heirs forever all ray riLiht, 
title aad interest that 1 now have in ilia'lit, might or shoniu have, iu any Housing, "Lauds, 

272 Tlie Alger Famihj of Maine. [July, 

or Tenements in any part of Xcw Eucjland forever. In witness wliercof I have hereunto 
sec ny liana and Seal ihis fourtli day of April, Auno Domini lODO. Anno Regis et Rcgmu; 
Guilli'mi ct Mairae. 
Signed, Scaled, &c. in Joiix Algee. [seal] 

presence, of 

ITannali Adams, 
S;uiiuel riiipps). 

3. Andrew' Algku cA7idrcw^), was killed by the Indians, Sept. 21, 
1689, at Falmouth, while i'ghthig under Col. Church. He left one child, 
viz. : — 

i. Dorcas, m. Matthew Collina, of Boston, Oct. 24, 170G, and had : Mat- 
thew, h. Sept. 8, 1807 ; Josiah, b. Oct. 9, 1711 : Dorcas, b. May 20, 

4. ]Mattiiew- Alger (Andrew^), m. Martha, widow of Robert Carver, 
of Boston. He was master of a trausiwrt iu the expedition against Cana- 
da 1C90, in which he contracted a ship fever, and died soon after his return; 
being, it is said, the last male of the family. He had two daughters, viz. : — 

i. Mary, b. Jan. 9, 1630, in Boston. 
ii. IIanxah, b. May 2-2, 1680, in Boston. 

5. Elizabeth" Alger (Andrew^), m. John Palmer, of Scarborough. 
They removed to Boston in 1G80, where they had: — 

i. Abigail, b. Feb. 6, 1085. 
ii. Aremnel, b. March 4, 1687. 

6. Joanna^ Alger (Andrew^), m. (1), Elias Oakman ; (2), John Mills ; 
both of Boston. By her first husband she had : — 

i. Elias, b. April 21, 1680. 
Children by her second husband were: — 

ii. Thomasin, b. Oet. 30, 1080. 
iii. Jonathan, b. May 3, lt'>8y. 
iv. John, ? ^ ^. ^ 0.3 iqqq. 

V. Ja3IE5, 5 

On the early records appear the names of three men, who were in all 
prol ability related to the l)rot]iers Arthur and Andrew Alger. They were 
Tristram Alger who settled in Scarl>orouL,di sometime between 16-10 and 
1650; Arthur Alger, Jr., .one of tiie inhabitants of Scarborough who ac- 
knowledged allegiance to IVIas'^achusotts 16.'>8; and Andrew Alger, who 
■was living in Cape Porpoise 1G74, and in 1G'.*0 removed with his wife to 
Newbury, Mass. This last I suspect to have been ancestor of the Connec- 
ticut Algers. 

It may be proper to state here, that until recently the name of Alger was 
almost invariably pronounocl Amjcr ; wliich it a])pears was but following 
the rule as in other words. Butler, wlio wrote his English Grammar iu 
1633, states that in his Lime a before /was sounded like au. So it was in 
Chaucer's time. In tlie '• Clerko's Tale " occurs Augrim for Algorithm. 
Although members of the family have never varied the orthography of 
the name from Alger, yet by others it was frequently written Auger. This 
has caused some confusion to genealogists, from the fact of there being 
distinct families bearing that name. 

1875.] Dayiiel Peirce and his Descendants. 273 


CoiDinnnicatoJ by Aljief.t H. IIoyt, A.M. 

1. Damei, Pkikck, blaoksmitli, the founder of the Peirce family of 
Newl)Ui y, Mass., und Portsmouth, N. II., came from Ipswich, co. Siitlblk, 
En^hiiid', in 1G^4, in the ship Eli/al>eth, at the age of 'I'o years. lie first 
settled iu Watertown. IMass., of wliich town he was a proprietor in February, 
163G-7. "What family relation, if any, lie bore to other individuals of the 
same came tlien settled in Watertown does not appear. It is probable that 
he married there, and prior to 1 G-38. Only the christian name of his wife 
has been ascertained. He was made a freeman May 2, ICoS, and re- 
moved to Newbury the same year. Daniel* and Sarah Peirce had: 

2. i. Daxiel, b. May 15 (? IG38, in Watertown). 

3. ii. JosucA, b. hi Newbury, May 15, IGIC. 

iii. Martha, h. in Newbury, February 14, 164.'^9'; m. Col. Thomas Noyes, 
of Newbury, Deo. '28, 1069. Thoiua^ Noyes, b. Au^j. 10, 1048, was 
the sixtli child of the Rev. .James Noyes, who emii^rated in 1034, and 
was the coUen2;ue of his rehitive the Rev. Thomas Parker, of New- 
bury, from 1 035 till his own death. Got. 22, 1050. Tliev had : I. 
Sarah, h. Sept. 14, 1670; 2. Martha, b. Feb. 2t, 1672-3;- 3. Daniel. 
b. Aug. 30, 1074. 

She d. Sept. 3, 1G74. Iler husband m. Elizabeth Greenleaf, Sept. 
24, 1077, and they had eight children. (Collin's Hist, of New- 
bury, 312.) 

The town-records of Newbury show that a Sarah Peirce was there 
married, August 24, IG-V.J, to Caleb Moody, son of William the first of that 
family in Newbury ; and that she died in tliat town on the 2.5th of May, 
1G65. Coffin says she died August 25, and gives the names and dates of 
birtli of their children, as follows: 1. Daniel, born April 4, 1GG2 ; 2. 
Sarah, born -July 23, ICG 4. There cannot be much doubt that Sarah, the 
Tsrife of Caleb IMoody, was a daughter of Daniel' and Sarah Peirce, and that 
she was born in Watertown. 

Sarah, the wife of Daniel' Peirce, died .July 17, lGo4. His second wife 
was Ann Milward, widow of Thomas Milward, mariner, who resided first 
at Gloucester, but removed to Newbury as early as 1G36 or 1637, and died 
in Boston, September 1, 1G53. Coffin thinks that he was the "Thomas 
Milward, mate of the ship Ht-ctor," who complained, in June, 1G3G, that 
the king's colors were not displayed at the fort in Boston harbor ; but Savage 
expresses a doubt. The marriage of Daniel' Peirce and Ann Milwardt 
took place in Newbury, December 26, 1G54. 

* A small portion of this trcncalcgv was puiili,-hed in the Register for Oct. 1874, in con- 
nection with the Memoir of Cul. Jo.-iuut W. Peirce ; and a somewhat extended genealogy of 
the family w:ib apivmlod to the reprint of that Memoir. It is here reiiroduced, hut correct- 
ed and much eninri,'i d. The coiiij)ik'r heret'V acIcnowlcdi;cs valiiatjle assistance received 
from Nathaniel Pi'.ne, E?q., of Newl^nryport; William Little, Esq., of Newbury; Henry 
F. Waters, Esq., of Salem, and James f! Trott, Esq., of Nia;:ara Falls, N. Y. 

t She was the yoiinLTCst daughter of Elizalictli Guodaie, of Yaniionih, England, by her 
second hu.sbaiid John Goodale. By her first husband, Mr. Taylor, slie had one daiiu'iiter 
Susannah, who married Abraham Toppan (or Tappan), tiie first of the family of that ii:irae 
in Newlniry, li);>7. By her second hu-^liand, Goodale, she h:id three daui:i::er-:. — 1. Eliza- 
beth., who married Joiui Lowie [Lowell], who was of Ncwlauy in 1039. — 2. Jodroia. who 
married, tir-t, Ji^hn Oliver, of Newhury, iu 1G39, and, second, April 17, IGij, Captain 

VOL. XXIX. 24 

274 Daniel Peirce and his Descendant-^. [July» ! 

From various sources we collect the following iuformatioa aljout Daniel I 
Peirce, senior : j 

March 4, 1C15. "There was granted by the towue of Kewbury to \ 
Daniel Peirce twelve ukers of u[)1:ukI which the said Daniel Peirce request- j 
ed, pronnisiDg he would remain with us in Newbury as long us bee liv«jth } 
unlesse bee should return to Old England." (Town Records.) ' 

At the close of the summer of 1G05, says Cotiin (History of Netvbury), ; 
by invitation of Governor Carteret, of New-.Jersey, several persons went 1 
from Newbury and settled in a township, wliich, in honor of the Keverend i 
John Woodbridge, of Newlniry, was called Woodbridge. Of these emigrants ! 
some returned; others remained, and became distinguished both in civil and 
military life. Among them were Captain John Pike, ancestor of Gen. Zeh- 
\\\on M. Pike, killed at the battle of Queenstown in 1812; Thc-mas lilooni- 
field, ancestor of Joseph Bloomtield, for some years governor of New-dersey ; 
John Pishop, senior and junior ; Jonathan Ilayues, Henry Jaques, George 
INIarch. Stephen Kent. Abraham Toppau. Jr., Elisha Ilsley, Hugh March, 
John Ploomfield, Samuel 3Ioore, Nathaniel "Webster, John Esley. 

Governor Carteret, John Ogden and Luke Watson, on the 21st of May, 
16GG, says the Hon. William A. Whitehead (Coll. of New-Jersey His. Soc. 
Vol. i.), "entered into an agreement with Daniel Peirce and his associates 
for settling two townships; and on the 11th of December, 16GG, ia consid- 
eration of £80 sterling, they transferred to Peirce for that purpose one-half 
of the tract, 'kno'^v'n as Arthur Cull [Achter Ivol] or Amboyle' [AmboyJ, 
as originally granted by Governor Nicolls ; extending from the Raritan to 
Rahawack [Rahway] river, and running back into the country, acjording 
to the Indian deed. This deed was confirmed by another of similar tenor, 
dated 3d December, 1 GGG, on the back of which Peirce endorsed the names of 
those interested with him m the grant, ' that is for tho acccmmodating ot the 
town now called Woodbridge;' he to have the first choice. His associates 
were Joshua Peirce [his son]. Joim Pike, John Bishop, Henry Jaques, and 
Hugh March of Newbury; vStephen Kent of Haverhill: Robert Dennis of 
Yarmouth, and John Smith ot Barnstable in New-England. On tLe same day 
Peirce was commissioned deputy-surveyor to lay out the bounds of "\^ cod- 
bridge. On the 1st of June, IGGD, he and his associates received a charter. 
.... On the 18th of December, 1 GGG, a week after he obtained his first con- 
■> eyance, Peirce transferred to .John IMartin, Charles Gilman, Hugh Dunn, 
and Hopewell llidi, one third pare of the land he had thus acquired, and 
they and their associates founded tlie town of Piscataway," so named after 
the region in New-Hampshire and Maine bordering on the Piscataway or 
Piscataqua river. 

In 1G6S Daniel Ptirce was a member of Governor Carteret's first council. 

He returned to Newbury as early as 1G70, and took part in the bitter and 

protracted church controversy between the "Parker party" on the one side, 

and the "Woodman party" on the other, wliich excited public attention 

■ throughout New-England. (Cotau's Hist, of Newbury, 72-112.) 

Daniel^ Peirce died November 27, 1G77. His will, dated Nov. 12, 1G77, 
and proved March 2G, 1G78, makes his son Daniel sole executor, ''desiring 
him to doe for his brother Joshua's children as he shall see in his discreiion 
meet to be done for them ; mentions his " marriage agreement with Ann, 

William Gerrisli, of Nonhnry, in 1640, hv whom she had ten childreB. — 3. Ann, -who 
married, first, Thoraa> Mii-.vard, and, second, Daniel' Poircc, al'ovo named. By the h';5t 
named, Ann Lad no cluidr-jn; by her rir^t husband she had three daughters, viz. : Ann,h. 
Nov. 1, lGi2 ; Rebecca, b. m 1643 ; and Euzabeth, b. in 1644. 

1875.] Daniel Peirce and his Descendants.] .275 

my wife;" and c;ives to his "wife's son-in-law, Thomas Thorpe, a farm in 
"NVoodbridge,* NL-\v-,Jorscy, situated upon Row [Ixahway] River, joiifnvj; to 
John Bishop's lan(h" 

His second wife Ann (Milward) died November 27, IHOO. Her vrill, 
dated ''Nov. 4, IGSl," and proved '"22 (2) 1G91," mentions her "brother 
[m-law] Ricluud Lowhj" [Lowell], her " daugiiter Rebec<;a Thorpe,'' and 
'* dauLchlcr Klizuhelli reiice," and makes her '-son-in-law, Daniel Peirce," 
executor. Inventory datt-d "Nov. 27, IGOO." This Thomas Thorpe of 
Ipswich was marrieil to Rebecca, daughter of Thomas and Ann Milward, in 
Boston, jNIay 27, IGoG, by Governor Endecott. 

2. Col. Daniel IM.ikck [Daniel'- and Sarah) was prominent in the 
civil, ecclesiastical, and military atfairs of NeAvbury. Like his father, ho 
supported the Rev. Thomas I'arkor in the church ti'oubles, in 1GG.J-1G72. 
At a legal meeting of the town held April I'J, 1GC)2: '-There was voted 
to go to Ipswich to subscribe according to court order about Mr. Mason's 
clayme, captain Daniel Peirce, Mv. Ricliard Dummer, sergeant [Tristram] 
Cotiin, sergeant [Caleb] bloody, Mr. Juhn Woodbridge, Mr. Henry Sew- 
all, Nicho'as Noyes." At a county court held March 30, IGSG, "'captain 
Daniel I'eirce," and others, "are commissioned to be magistrates by the 
court." October 21, 1G3G, " the committee chosen to divide and lay out 
the [common] lands were captain Daniel Peirce" and others. Dec. 1, 
168G, "captain Daniel Peirce and captain Stephen Greenleaf, senior, were 
added to the deacons as o\erseers of the poor." J\Iarch, IGyO, "The Com- 
mittee of Newbury appoint the house of Mr. Abraham Merrill to be a 
garrison house and re*|uest him with all convenient speed to fortify his 
house. Daniel Peirce, Captain." 

Robert Pike thus writes in the year 1G90: "Captain Peirce, captain 
Noyes, captain Grreeulcaf, and lieutenant Moores with the rest of the gen- 
tlemen of Newbury, whose assistance, next under God, was the means of 
the preservation of our towns of Salisbury and Amesbury in the day of 
our distress by the assaults of the enemy." October 18, 1700, "Voted 
that a pew be built for the minister's wife by the pulpit stairs [in the new 
meeting-house], that colonel Daniel Peirce should have the first choice for 
a pew, and major Thomas Noyes shall have the next choice, and that colo- 
nel Daniel Peirce, esquire, and Tristram Coihu, esqi ire, be impowered to 
procure a bell of about four hundred pounds weight." 

Up to 1701, only two houses had been erected on the banks of the Mer- 
rimack in Newbury. One of them, owned by Dr. Humphrey Bradstreet, 
stood near the head of Hale's wharf; the other, owned by Col. Daniel 
Peirce, was farther south. The old stone house, the oldest in Newbury, 
built as early, probably, as lCGO-70, and the ftirm on which it stands, were 
the property of Col. Daniel Peirce. They are now owned by Edward H. 

Colonel Daniel Peirce was a deputy to the general-court in 1682 and 1 G83 ; 
a member of the council of safety in the revolution of 1689 : justice of the 
inferior court of common pleas for the county of Essex, 1G08-1703; and 
representative under the new charter, 1G92 — 1703. He married. f December 
5, 1660, Elizabeth, born in 1644, daughter of Thomas and Ann Milward. 
They had : 

* He and his wife removed to "Woodhridire, N. J., and left descendants there. 

t The Rei-'i-try (jf Deeds :\t Saletn shows that a Daniel Peirce, smith, had wife Kath.^rine 
in 1651. If ucr husband was either of the two Daniels above mentioned, he miial have 
been Daniel. 

276 Daniel Pclrcc and his Descendants. [J'lij? 

i. D.iNiEi,, b. Dec. 20, 1603. lie died Srpt.2. 1G90 ; his dau^jhter Juanna 
died l.j, Iti'jO, and will- Jiwima died ijept. 10, "iGUO. At a 
court held at IpHwicii, Sept. 30, IG'JD, letters of adraiuistration were 
granted to C'ajit. I)aiuel TeirLC ^<n tlio e^-tate of his son Duuiel, de- 
ceased. Inventory of Oanici I'eiroe. jtinii)r, who deceased Sept'.Tidier 
2, ICOO, aiid of hi,> widuw, J(j;iniia, who deceased September 10, io'jO, 
■were pre.-eiite'i by C:ipt. Danitd Peivce. September 30. IO'JO. 

ii. Annk, b. M;iv -0, Ki'lH; prubably firht wile of Simon Waiuwright, of 
Harerhill, whu was killed by the ludiano Aug. 2'J, 1708. 

4. iii. Benjamin, b. Feb. 20, U'.08-9. 

5. iv. JosuLA, b. Oct. 10, 1071. 
■6. V. Thomas, b. May—, 1071. 

vi. Wartua, b. Feb. 20, 1070-7 : d. Aug. 3. 1732 ; in. Nov. 2, 1702, William 
Johncion, of ^.'ewbury, born 2 (12) 1078-9, son of Isaac of Charle^town. 
Thev had : 1. Elizabeth, h. Auir. 17, 1703; 2. Martha, b. Nov. 17, 
1704, d. Oct. 17, 1717; 3. William, b. May 13, 1706; 4. Mary,h. 
Sept. 14, 1708; 5. xMary, b. Oct. 22, 1709; 0. Moses, b. Aur,'. 1, 
1711 ; 7. Nicholas, b. March 19, 1711-15 ; 8. Eliezer, b. May 11, 1718. 

vii. Sarah, b. Oct. 3, 1079. 

7. viii. George, b. March 5, 1082-3. 
is. Mary, b. April 14, 1083. 

X. JouN, b. Oct. 16, 1087. 

xi. Katuarixe, b. Sept. 18, 1090. 

The \n\\ of Col. Daniel Peirce, dated August 12, 1701, proved Miiv 8, 

1704, menLious '' Elizauelh my dear \vife," sons Joshua, Thomas, George 

^nd John, son-iu-Iaw Simon "Waiinvright, grandson John Waiuwright, 

daughters IManha, Sarah, Mary and Katluirine, " cousin Joshua son of my 

brother Joshua deceased," "cousin Sarali r>radstreet daughter of my brother 

Joshua deceased," and makes " my son Benjamin my true and lawful heir 

and sole executor." He died in 1704, and his widow, December 0, 1709. 

His monument in the grave-}ard of the tirst parish of Newbury gives the 

date of his death as April 1'2, 1704, and his age as GO; and pays him the 

foUowing tribute : 

" Here lies interred a soul indeed, 
Whom few or none excelled, 
In ,i;race if any him exo.-ed, 
He'll be unparallellcd." 

3. Joshua [Darner), born INFay 15, 1C42, removed' with his fiither to 
"Woodbridge, N. J., in 1GG5 or IGGG, and died there near the close of the 
year j.670. He was married iNIay 7, 1GG.8, to Dorotliy Pike, born Novem- 
ber 11, 1645, daughter of ]Major liobert Pike of SaUsbury, Mass., by his 
wife Sarah Sanders. They had : 

i. Sarah, b. in Woodbridge, March 18, 1008-9 ; m. in Newbury, Dr. 
Humphrey Bradstreet of that town, wlio was a son of Moses of Row- 
ley, and grandson of Ilumjdirey uf Ipswich, who came to New-Enicland 
in 1634, with DanieU Peirce. Tiiey had : 1. Dorothy, b. Dec. 10, 
1692, m. Oct. 16, 1711, Nathaniel Sar-^ent ; 2. Joshua, b. Feb. 24, 
1694-5; 3. Sarah, b. Jan. 14, 1090-7, m. Deo. 9, 1714, the Rev, 
John Tufts, of Newburv : 4. Ilu/nphrey, b. 1700, d. youn^' ; 5. Donid, 
b. Feb. 13, 1701-2 ; 6. Moses, h. Feb. 17, 1707 ; 7. iJe.A^Pv, b. May 16, 
1713, ra. Au2. 30, 1731, Rev. \Villiani Julmson. probably eon of Wil- 
liam and Martha (Peirce) Johnson. Dr. Humphrey Bradstreet was b. 
Jan. 6, 1609-70, an<l d. May 11. 1717. Ills widow m. Captain Edward 
Sargent, of (? Newbury), June 9, 1719. 

8. ii. JosncA, b. Jan. 14, 107O-1. 

4. Benjamin {Daniel,'' DanieP), born February 20, 1CG8-9, married 
Lydia . They had : 

. Daniel, b. Aug. G, 1693 ; d. Aug. 25, 1693. 

1875.] Daniel Peirce and his Descendants. 277 

ii. Charles, b. Feb. 3, 1091-5. 
iii. ELUABtTii, h. Nov. 11, 1696. 

iv. Danikl, h. Oct. 11, 11)98. It is tliat the Daniel who died Xov. 
27, 17'J9. wrifl his son. nii.l that the Mrs. Kli/.abt'th Peirce, -who died 
J>ec. '2, lTr3f», >va.s his wife. 
V. B.-rNjAjiiN, b. June 13, ITUU. 
9. vi. JciiN, h. Xl)V. 7, no.*). 

^ii. IIcJiruREv, h. March 23, 1705-6. 
viii. Joseph, d. May 26, 1708. 

Benjamin Peirce, E^^i., died May 19, 1711. The following verses are 
upon his tomb.stoue in the grave-yard of Newbury (Oldtown) :° 

*' Pillar i' th' State he was, Loucd by his frind.^ 

Bid fair still . Feard of his eneuiie. 
At greater things ; Embaluied in tears. 

To all y' knew him well, Enuev icselfe stood dumb ; 

Pattern ot Vertiie. Snacht from y*^ world. 

Kind to all was he. In times mobt troublesome." 

5. _ JOSHL-A (Dcmid,^ BanieP), born October IG, 1G71, and Joanna 
Gerrish were published as intending marriage, December 5, 17V>3. Slie i.s 
supposed to have been a daughter o'f Mose.s" Gerrish, and irranddaughter of 
Captain William Gerrish of Newbury. They had : 

i. AxxE, b. Oct. 14, 1704. 

ii. JosncA, b. J^n. 25. 1705-6. 

iii. Miirr, b. -t. 15, 1707. 

iv. Hexrv, b. May 27, 1710. 

10. V. Samuel. ) . . „ , 

vi. Moses \ '^^^ P^'"^^ ^'^ ^^^- 1~1~-18. 

Administration of Joshua's estate was granted in February, 1717-18, to 
his^ brother-in-law Joseph Gerrish. And division of estate was ma<le iu 
173G among the above named children, except Anne, who was probably 
dead at that time. 

6. Thomas {Binu'el- DanieP), born in May, 1674, was married to 
Mehitable Frost, January 5, 1697-8. They had:' 

i. John, b. Nov. 5, 1698. 

ii. Mary, b. Jan. 4, 1702-3. 

iii. Sarah, b. July 14, 1704. 

iv. Ha.v.vah, b. June 9, 1706, 

7. George (Daniel,'' DameV), born in Newburv, March 5, 1682-3, 
removed to Portsmouth, X. H., and was married to Elizabeth Langdon of 
that town, IVIarch 2^, 170C. She was a daughter of Tobias= and Mary 
(Hubbard) Languon, and was born Nov. 17, 1687. They had : 

i; Elizabeth, b. May 15, 1708. 

ii. George, b. Aug. 17, 1712 ; married Jerusha Furber, of Newington. 
March 25, 1738. ' =. » 

iii. Sarah, b. March 25. 1718. 
iv. Tobias, b. Oct. 18, 1719. 
V. Mehitaele, b. Dec. 18, 1722. 
vi. C Mary and), ., . „, ,..„ ^ 
vii. J Martha, ^ b. Marca 24, 1726-7. 

viii. Dorothy, b. July 11, 1728. 

George was married to his second wife, Mary Hunking, of Portsmouth. 
Jan. 10, 1733-4. Jo u, 

8. JosnrA (Joshua,' DanieU), born in Woodbridge, N. .J., January 14, 
1670-1, is presumed to have returned to Newbury soon after the death of 
his father, with his mother, who subsef|uently "married John Knight of 

TOL. XXIX. 24* * ' 

278 Daniel JPeh-ce and his Descendants. [Julj, 

Newbury. After inelFectual attempts to recover tlie estate of his futli'^r in 
New-Jersey, Joshua reiiKjvcd to Portsmouth, N. IL, alxMit tlie year 1 COl, 
He was married to J-^lizabeth, daui,diter of Joseph Hall, of Portsmouth, 
January 24, lGl)-l-j. A brief sketch of his life is given in the IIi.:T01uc.\l 
and Gexealogical Rec.i^jtkk, Vol. 28, pa<re oGO. His valuable record of 
"Birtht, Ma rriaL;e.; and Deaths in i'ortsnunuh," from 170G to 1742, was 
published in the^KEGisiKit, Vols. 2o, 24, 2o, 2G, 27. They had : 

i. Sakah, b. April 30, 1007. Shorn. (1) Sept. 21, 1721, John Winslow, 
of Bubtiin, son of Julm and Abiiiiiil (Atkinson) Winslow, b. Doc. 31, 
1693, d. Ojt. n, 17:51, nt si.a. ^Tliey had : 

1. Saruh, b. Xu'^. 2, IT'JO. She m. ( 1 ) Juhn We^* (? eon of Richard 
and II:iiin;di West, h. !Miirch 20, 1G'j7), a merchant in B ist"n. in 
paitiaTsliip with Alexander Hill. He d. intestate prob. Marcli '22, 
17-1;>-j0. His widuw i;ave bond as admiiiistratrix, April 4, 1750. 
The inventury is dated May 2», 1750. As barah Dealing, she 
rendered her seoond awoinit April 13, 1753. Among tlie iteuj.s'is the 
following, whii'h supplies a fUet in regard to Colonel Samuel .Moore "3 
death, which, wo lirlieve, has not hitherto been published : " A long 
cloth cloak Mr. West directed Loll". Samuel Moore to buy fjr rae in 
L<jniion, as appears l-y his letter dated 2Sov. 8, 174-<, but did not come 
by reason that Coll'. Moore died in London. 5. lOs. Ster"? is. —7. 
6. 8." She credits Iverst-lf with sums paid to Elizabeth Peirce, John 
Wiuslow, Joseph lueen, Jr., Samuel Langdon, Abigail Green, and 
Susannah Pcin-e ; and eliari^ts herself with sums due from Mary 
West, Sand-rson West, WiiUam King, Nathaniel Peirce, and Mary 
Jloore. The inventory also mentions " land in Canterbury, X. il.'' 
The widow m. (-J) John Deming, a merchant ot Boston, Feb. 27. 1752, 
and d. Mar. 10, 17»8 ; he d. between April 21, 1796. and Mav 9. 1797. 
His will, dated April 21, 1796, was proved May 9, 1797. He" gives hiH 
land, house and furniture in Central court, Newbury street, to"his wife 
during her life, and, after her death, to " John Averv, jr., son of my 
nephew, John Avery, llxj., Secretary of the Cominimwealth ; " '• To 
my nephew Samuel (iri'liy, son of Col. Rich'J Grully, one hundred 
dolliirs ; to his sister M;ir\' Leonard one hundred dollars ; to his sister 
Jane Hunt, a ring of ten or twelve dollais price." The remainder 
of his estate he gives to his nephew, Jolin Avery, Esq. 

2. John. b. March 5, 1725-6 ; m. E!i;'.a Mason, sister of Deacon 
Jonathan Mason, of B'.ston, and Imd : 1. Jo/in, b. Sept. 29, 1753; 

2. Sarah, b. April 12. 17,'<5 ; 3. Elizabeth , b. Sept. 14, 1760. 

3. Joshua, I). Jan. 23, 1727; lieutennn in Captain Light's company 
of_Col. Samuel Muorc"s regiment at LouiJ)urg, in 1745; m. J,in. 3, 
1758, Anna ( Mi'en, hi.s cousin ; was comnussary-ijeneral to the Lritish 
Army in Nortli America, and d. in Quebec in ISOl. They had : 1. 
Gtory S,olt, b. Nov. 11. 1758; 2. Anna Green, b. Nov. 29, 1759. 

In 1719 this Mrs^ Sarah Winslow m. f2) Doctor Nathaniel Sarirent, 
and d. Aug. 21, 1771. 1 here seem to have been two Doctor Nathaniel 
Sargents, ot ILimpt ,n and Portsmouth. The younger was an assistant 
surgeon at L)ui>!Hiri:, in 1715. 
"ii. JosEFu, b. Feb. 21, 1(;:h-<j ; a noted ph3'sician, appointed chief surgeon 
oftheLouisburg expedition. After his return to practice in Ports- 
mouth, he was -ei/.ed witli the smali-pox, and d. Feb. 7, 17-17-9. lie 
m. Sarah Reed, and liad : 1. Elizabeth; 2. Ann, m. Joseph Barrel ; 

3. Susan, m. SiMiinel Jarvis. 

iii. JosnrA, b. Oct. .'Il (? ;:o), 17(N1 ; d. Aug. 13, 1754. 

iv. Anna, b. Sept. iO, 17o2 ; d. Dee. 28, 1770 ; 'm. Dec. 28, 1727, Joseph 
Green, b. Ih-c. 12, l7o;i. 1]^ ^vas a eon of the Rev. Joseph and Eliza- 
beth (Oerri-^h) Green, of Salem Villa;re, now Danvers, Joseph, 
the sun, w,u-< a sucee<«tul nnrchant of Boston, where he owned a larce 
estate. In 1740 he one of three grantees of a larire tract of land 
in the county ot Inmklin, Ma^g., afterward known as the "Green 
and \\ alker grant.' He was a magistrate by couunission from Gov. 

• John West of Salisbury m. Elizabeth Goldthwait of Boston, Oct. 21, 17SG. 

1875.] Daniel Pcirce and his Descendants. 27i) 

Shirley in 1756, and Gov. Bernard in 17fil. He took an active part 
in tlie politics of his time, and ;,'ave liis sympathy nn<l suppoL-t to tisc 
colunij^ts in tlirir controversy wicli the iJntitsti iiiiiii.itry. ilc d. Ju'y 
1, 17G.), and his wile d. Dec. 28, 1770. Tliey had : 
— 1. Anna, b. Oct. 4, 1728; in. Joshua VV'inslow, of Mar.shfleld, 

MaKS.,^Jan. 3, 1758; 2. Joseph, b. Feb. 7, 172!)-.30 ; 3. Joshua, h. 
May 17. 1731 ; II. C. 1710 ; m. llannali, dan. of Kbcnezer and .Ma7-y 
(Kdwards) Storer, of Boston; 4. Elizabeth, b. July 17, 1732; 5. 
Edicard, b. Sept. 18, 1733; m. Mary Storer, April 14, 1757; (j. 
Elnahth, b. Oct. 12, 1734 ; m. Kh.nezer Storer (brother of Ihumail 
and Mary above mentioned;, July 11, 1751 ; 7. Chnrhs, h Nuv 30 

1735; 8. (stillborn), May 12, 1737; 9. IJ'-nri/, b. June 2, 

1738 r 10. iMitchelson, b. March 10, 1740-1 ; 11. Gmrijc, b. Oct. 13, 
1742; a merchant of Boston ; ni. Nuv. 15, 1700, Katharine Asj.m- 
wall.of Brooklinc; 12. Susanna, b. July 20, 1741; m. Oct. 18, 1700, 
her cousin, Francis Green, a son of Benjamin Green, of IJalifax, X.S.' 
T. Elizaisftu, b. May 31, 1705; m. the Hon. Ji^hn O.sburne. of B.>>r.jn ; d! 
June 9. i7G4. ^Mr. Osborne was a councillor from 1731 to 1710, and 
from 1742 to 1703, and was one of the committee of supplies fur the 
Loui^burg expedition of 1745. 
Ti. Mary, b. e>ct. 29, 1707 ; d. March 2, 1752-3 ; m. Colonel Samuel Moore, 
of Portsmouth, a distinguished sliipmastcr. He was one of the -Ma- 
eonian Proprietors; commanded a rcyiment* of New-IIamjjshire 
troops at the taking of Louisburi; in 1745 ; and was one of the 
2:r,_nt irs of Xcw-Jlr.'ton (dow Anduver), N. 11., the original name of 
which was Emerystuwn. He died in London, in 1749 (6. i, 1) 

11. vii. Pamel, b. May 2, 1709. 

12. viii, >,ATUAXiEL, b. Jan. 7, 1711-12. 

is. Margaret, b. June 25, 1714 ; d. June 9, 1764 ; m. Nov. 24, 1737, C^I. 
Benjamin Green, a brother of Joseph (8, iv.), before mentioned! He 
■was in mercantile business in Boston until the year 1745, when the 
expedition against Louisburg took place, in which he acted as military 
secretary to Gen. ^Viiliam Pepperrell. He tilled other " oUici-s of 
honor and responsibility " at Louit-burg until 1749, when he removed 
to Halifax, N. S. There, also, he held important public otllccs. 
They had : 
_^1. Margaretfa, b. in Boston ; m. John Newton, of Halifax ; d. in 
1763; 2. Z?t7?/a/nm, b. in Boston : d. in 1793. Several of his sons 
■were officers in the British army and navy ; 3. Francis, b. in Boston, 
Aug. 21, 1742 (8. iv. 12) ; d. in Medfbrd, April 21, 1809 ; 4. Charlotte, 
b. in Boston ; m. Henry Newton, collector of customs for Nova Scotia ; 
d. in 1762 : 5. Charles, b. in Halifax ; 6. Edward Mitchelson, h. in 
Halifax; 7. Edv:ard Cor nicallis, h. in U-d[ii'a.x. 

For further particulars in regard to Joseph and Benjamin Green 
and the family to which they belong, the reader is referred to the 
paper entitled " Percival and Ellen Green," in the Historical and 
Genealogical Register, xv. 105, contributed. by Samuel A. Green, 
M.D., Irom which paper, chiefly, the data in regard to Joseph and 
Benjamin Green have been drawn. 
Joshua Peiroe's tirst wife died January 13, 1717-18, a^ed 44; and on 

the 5th of 3Iarch. 1718-19, he was married to Elizabeth Wade, of Dover, 

N. H. He died February 7, 1742-3, aged 72. 

9. John {Be uj ami, i^ Daniel'' Dantel'), born in Newbury, November 7, 

1703 ; married November 30, 1730, Sarah Adams, of Kittery, Me. They 


Sajlvii, b. July 24, 1731. ii. Lydia, b. Oct. 30, 1735. 

10. Sa^iuel (Joshua,' Daniel,^ Daniel^), married Mary . They 

had : 

i. Samuel, d. Sept. 30. 1822, aged 83. 
ii. St£pu£,v, d. May 12, 1812, aged 71. 

♦ The regiment sailed from Portsmouth, March 23, 1745. 

280 ' Daniel Peirce and his Descendants. [J^ly, 

iii. Mart, m. Nathan Poor ; d. April -29, 1823, aged 79. 

13. iv. Enoch, b. Jan. ]-2, 1753. 

11. Daxiel (Jos/ti/a,' Jo.^Iom^ DanieP), born in Portsmoutli, May 2, 
1709, was graduated fioui ILirviird College in 172S. He married Ann, 
daughter of Jolui Kindge, of Portsinoutii, October 20, 1742. lie dif.'d 
Deceir.ber 5, 1 77o ; she died Octol)er I'J, 1748. A sketch of his life is givuu 
in the memoir of Col. Joshua AV. Peirce (Kegisteh, ont.<:, vol. xxviii. p. 
3G9). They had: 

i. Anx, b. Oct. 21, 1713 ; m. Thomas Martin, of Portsmouth ; d. July G, 
1811. Thev had: 1. Joshua, b. Dec. 17, 1770: 2. Susanna, b. 
April 12, lt72; 3. Ann, b. Dec. 9, 1773; 4. Charlotte, b. >.'ov, 25, 

ii. JosnuA, b. Nov. 3, 17U ; d. July 10, 1718. 

14. iii. Jon.v, b. Aug. 10, J716 ; d. June 14, 1814. 

iv. Joseph, b. June 25, 1718 : d. in Altuu. N. II., Sept. 12, 1912 ; a repre- 
sentatire in the Coui^rt-ss of the United States for the years ISOl and 
1602; resigned; a farmer, unmarried. 

12. N.4.THANIEL [Jos/o'ci,^ Dcvn'cP), born in Portsmouth, January 7, 
1711-12; married December 20, 1744, Ann Jaffrey, b. October 2G, 1723, 
daughter of George and Sarah (JefTries) Jaflrey. They had: 

i. Nathaniel. 

ii. Geokue. 

iii. Sarah, who m. March 3, 1774, Col. Joshua TTentworth (son of Daniel,* 

and irrand.-.on of Lt. Cv. John^), b. Jan. 4, 1741-2. She d. Oct. 

1807^; hed. Oct. 19, 1H09. They had fourteen children: 1. Sarah; 

2. Jnshua ; 3. Ann Jaffrvy, m. Samuel Larkin ; 4. Joshva : 5. 

Charles; 6. Gcorjje ; 7. Joshua; 6. Elizabeth, m. William l>./dfie ; 

9. Sarah; 10. (Sco. Farce; 11. Daniel: 12. Sarah; 13. Gto. 

Peirce ; 14. Adeline. 

Nathaniel Peirce, the father, died August 17, 17G2, and his widow married 
(2d) the Hon. Leverett Hubbard, December 6, 17G9, and died December 
17, 1790. Judge Ilubljard was born about 1724 in Bristol (then in ^lass. 
now in 11. I.), und died in Portsmouth, N. H., January 2, 1793, aged GO. 
He was graduated at Harvard College, 1742 ; comptroller of customs in Ports- 
mouth, 1762 ; a justice of the superior court of judicature of New-Hamp- 
shire, from 17C3 to 1775, and of the supreme j idicial court from 177G to 
1785. He was a son of the Hon. Nathaniel lubbard (H. C. IGOd), b. 
Oct. 1680, judge of common pleas Mass. from 1728 to 1745, deputy judge 
of admiralty, councillor of the province 1737—1740 and 1742-1745, and 
judge of the superior court 1745-G, died in Bristol, probably in 1747; 
grandson of John Hubbard, a merchant of Boston born in Ipswich about 
1648, and died in Boston about 1710, and his wife Ann Leverett, second of 
the surviving daughters of Governor Sir John Leverett, Knt.. of Massachu- 
setts, by his second wife Mrs. Sarah Sedgwick ; and great-grandson of the 
Rev. William Hubbard, the historian, by his first wife Margaret, daughter of 
the Rev. Nathaniel Rogers, of Ipswich (IG38-55). 

13. Exocn (Samiir/,* Joshun,^ Daniel,^ DanieP), born January 12, 
1753; married Augusts, 1792, Sarah, daughter of William Gerrish, and 
widow of Amos Stickney. He tlied May 31, 1812, aged 59. They had: 

L Sarah, b. Oct. 14, 1794; d. Feb. 26, 1859; m. Nathaniel, son of 
Nicholas Pierce, Sept. 20, 1820. They had : 1. Nathaniel, b. March 
28, 1823, B.A. (Bowdoin College) 18-14; coun?ellor-at-law,Newbury- 
port, Mass. 

ii. Enoch, b. Jan. 27, 1797; d. Nov. 20, 1632: m. Elizabeth Stickney, 
April 21, ki25. 

iii. Pacl, b. Aug. 26, 1801 ; d. Nov. 9, ISOl. 

1875.] Deed of Land in Suoami^scott. 281 

14. Jonx {Daniel* Joshua,'* Daniel,'' Daniel'), born Anc^ust 10, IT-iO; 
married M;irv, daii^duer of Peter Peiirse, and !4raiiddaui,diter of the Hon. 
Jotliam and ^rehiuhle (Ciitt) Odioruc. Mr. Feirco was a leading merchant 
in Portsmoutli, N. II. For some account of hun, sec Hkcistku, o/ifr, vol. 
xxviii. page 370. lie died June 14, 1814. His wife died. They had: 

i. Mark Wentworth, b. July 31, 1787 ; m. ]Margarct Sparhawk ; d. Fob. 

10. ISIO. 

ii. Samuel Fisher, b. Oct. 9, 1789 ; d. Dec. 27, 1791. 

15. iii. Josm-A Winslow, b. May 11, 1791. 

iv. Ann- Kindge, b. Jan. 9, 1794 ; m. the Rev. Charles Burroughe, D. D. 

V. Mary Odiorne, b. Jan. 5, 1798 ; d. Nov. 4, 1801. 

vi. Daniel Hall ; (II. C.) B.A. 1620; M.D. 1823. 

15. JosnuA TTixsLOW {Jokn,^ Daniel,* Joshua.'^ Daniel,'' DanieU ), born 
May 14, 1791; was married to Emily, daughter of William and Anna 
( Weutworth) Shoafe, of Portsmouth, May 4, 1823. For a memoir of CVd. 
Joshua "Winslow Peirce see Registkr, ante. vol. xxviii. p;iges 3r.7-;J72. 
He died in Portsmouth, April 10, 1874, and his wife died INIarch 0, 1871. 
They had twelve children, namely: John Peter, Sarah Collin, Ann "Went- 
worth, Emilv Sheafe (deceased), Joseph yV^eutworth, Joshua Kindge ( Rector 
of St. Mary's for Sailors, Boston), Mary Pearse (deceased), .Tames Sheafo 
(deceased), INIark Wentworth (deceased), William Augustus, Daniel Kindge 
(deceased), Kobeit Cutts. 



Communicated by Jeremiah Colbcen, A.M. 

TO all xtian People, to whom this present Deed of Sale shall come 
Ralph King of Linn in new-England & Elizabeth his wife send greet- 
ing. Know yee that wee the S*^ Ralph and Elizabeth King for and in 
consideration' of the Sum of Three hundred Pounds in money in new- 
Engl'^ to us in hand before the Ensealing & deliuery of these presents well 
& truly paid by William P>rowne Escf, of Salem in New-England the re- 
ceipt whereof wee doe hereby acknowledge, and our Seines therewith to 
bee fully satisfied and paid. Ilaue giuen granted bargained Sould aliened 
Enfeofed assigned and contirraed and by these presents doe fr.-ely fully & 
absolutely giue grant bargain sell alien Enfeotte assigne and contirme unto 
the S'' William Krowne his heires and assignes all that mij tiarnie giuen me 
by my hour'' tiiither Daniel King deceased, being twelve hundred acres of 
Vpland and meadow, bee it more or less, being scituate and lying in the 
towneshipp of Linn, cofrionly called by the name of Swapscott, which land 
is butted and bounded with the Sea, att the westerly end of the long pond, ly- 
ing along by the Sea Syde, and soe upon a straight line quite oner to a little 
red oak, standing on a brow of a hill, on the southerly Syde of a path goeing 
to my tl'arme or the tlarme where George Darlinn did line, which tree is 
marked with a (D: & a K:) on the northerly Syde, and an (R. & a K:) 
on the westerly Syde, & Soe this lyne to runn to the lyne betweene Linn «&; 
my tfarme, lic Soe to run all along between Linn & my liarmc — to a runing 
brook at the Southerly End of John tiarrs & Edward Richards Lotts, and 

282 Deed of Land in Swampscott. [July, 

over Sn-apscott poml to a little walnut tree on the westerly Syde of the 
Pond marked uiih ( li K) on the notherly Side witli (X E) and Sue to 
run westerly to an other walnut tree marked with (R: K:) on the side :ind 
(N: E:) on the notherl}-, and i.s bounded on y* notherly Side with the land 
of Ezekiell Xeedhain, and soe all along uppon a brow of a hill westerly, 
and See to the higlx way that goes to Linn, to a stake & a heape of Stones, 
& from thence South<.M-ly downe to the Si;a against the high way. Together 
with all fences walds waters watercourses liberties priuiledges corfionages and 
appurtenances whatsoeucr thereiuito belonging. And all o*" J'^state right title 
and interest of in ancl to v" S'^ i)argained premises or any part or parcel 
there of, with all originall deeds wrightings & Euidences touching or concern- 
ing the Same — fiiire and uncancelled. To haue & to hold the aboue bar- 
gained premises and Euery part & parcll thereof unto him y^ S"^ William 
Browne his heires and assignes. To his & there only proper use benefit 
and behoofe for Euer. And wee the S'^ Ralph and Elizabeth King for o' 
Selues o'' heires Exoc"^ and Adm" doc conenaut promis and agree to and 
with y*^ S*^ "William Browne his heires and assignes by these presents that 
wee the S'^ Ralph and Elizabeth at the time of the Ensealing and deliuery 
hereof are y^ true and lawful! owners of y*^ aboue baigained premises & of 
Euery part & parcell thereof and haue in o' Selues full power good right 
and lawfull anthority to bargaiuc Sell and assure y"^ Same as a good perfect 
absolute and indefeazable Estate of inheritance in fee Simple without any 
Diaaner of condition reu-irsion or limitation of use or uses whatsoeuer &z 
freely & clerely exonerated acquitted and discharged of & from all former 
and other bargains Sales gifts grants mortgages Dowries titles of Dowre 
power of thirds and of & from all other titles troubles charges & in- 
cumbrances of what nature or kinde soeuer. And without y* least deniall 
lett hinderance sute trou!)le luuctiou Ejection of us y^ S'^ Ralph and Eliza- 
beth or Either of us our or Either of our heires Exec" adm" or other per- 
son or persons by our or either of our means consent default title or pro- 
curement. And that wee shall and will at any time hereafter upon request 
for that End made to us or either of us giue unto the S"^ William Browne 
Ms heires or assigns such further and ample assurance of all the aboue bar- 
gained premises as in law or'equlty can be deuised aduised or required. Pro- 
vided alwaies and it is concluded and agreed upon by and betweene the 
partys aboue-named any thing herein contained notwithstanding, that in 
case the within named Ralph and Elizal)eth King them or either of them, 
there or either of there helrt' s Exec" Adm" do well and truly pay or cans 
to bee paid unto the abouenamed "William Browne his heires Exec" adm" 
or assignes at his dwelling house in Salem aboue S*^ the full Sum of Sixty 
Eight Pounds in Current money of new England on or before the twenty 
Eight day of July one thousand Six hundred Eighty and fine, and Sixty 
fiue Pounds in Curr' money on or before the twenty Eight day of JuHj 
Eighty and Six, and Sixty two Pounds in Curr money on or before the 
twenty Eight day of July Eighty and Seven, and fifty nine Pounds in Curr' 
money on or before the twenty Eight day of July Eighty and Eight, and fitly 
Six Pounds in Curr' money on or before the twenty Eight day of July 
Eighty and Nine, and fifry and three Pounds in Curr' money on or before 
the twenty Eight day of July one thousand Six hundred and Ninety, with- 
out fraud or delay, then the a!)ouo written Deed to bee utterly Void and 
of none Effect, otherwise to al/ide and remaine in full force and virtue to 
all intents and purposes in the law whatsoeuer. and the Estate of the S'' Wil 
Ham Browne to become absolute in the premisses. In Witness whereof weo 


1875.] Earhj Settlers of West Springfield. 283 

the S** R:ilph and Elizabeth King haue hereunto put our hanrls and Scales thj^s 
twenty Eight dayof Jiilyiu the oG'^: yeare of his jMaj''" Koigu annoq; Doiii, 
One thousand Six hundred Eighty tiour : 1GS4. 

Ralph King [seal] 

Elizabeth King [seal] 

The word (my) bc'wecne the fift and Sixt line interlint-d and 
y*^ first word in y*" thirty Six line blotted before sigueing. 

Signed Sealed and deliuered m"" Ralfo King of Lin & Elizabeth his 

in tlie presence of • wife Came before mee i^ hec ac- 

Benj'' Browne knowledged the aboue written In- 

"SVilliam Redford. strumeut co bee his act & deede & 

shee deliuered vp her right of Dowro 
«fec. therein. Salem July 28''S 1084. 
Before mee John Uathorne 

Rec"^ this 23"' of July of M' Ralph King the Just Sume of) £jg qq qq 
eighteen pound in money. I say Received. j" 

Rec'^ this 30'^ of July 1G86 in money eighteen pound in) £18 00 00 
money I say Rec'^ p'' me "William Browne.* ^ 


Transcribed from the Parish Records of the First Congregational Church, by 
Lyma>[ U, Bagg. 

Springfield, April y« 7'^ 1707. 
Att a meeting of the Inhabitants of the ^vest sidg, vath Respect to the 
Land now granted by the town to the Inhabitants on the west side of the 
great River 

It was voted that every male person that is in the twenty I'' year of 
his age shall be accounted inhabitants according to the names expresed 
herein and they to poses the s'^ land as by the to"Vv[n] is granted to them. 
Att a ful meeting of the Inhabitants 

as attests Sam^^ Ely Clerk 

Jose. Ely snr Nath'^ Sykes Joseph Bodortha sen' 

Jose. Eh- jun' Pela. Jones Sam" Bodortha Sn 

"VVni ^Macrany John Petey Sam" Bodortha Jun' 

Jams Barcker Sam" Wariner Eben'' Jones s'' 

Jose. Barcker Ebe" Day Eben"" Jones junr 

SamM Barcker Christian Vanhom Josiah Leuord 

OUver Barcker Charls Fery Left. Ball 

John Ba- Sam'! Day Sam" Ball 

Jonathan Bag Sam' Ely Henrj- Rogers 

Nath" >Mor'_'aa Jn" Fowler John Ro2;ers 

Sam" iliiler IMr Woodbridg Nath" Dumbleton 

Sam" Frost Ebeuf IMiller W" Scot 

* This deed is in the handwiiting of Benjamin BroTvne, one of the witnesses, and a son of 
the grantee, who, most likely, was Willianv Bron-ne, Srnior, of Salcin, who died Jan. 20, 
1688. For a hi^ton.- cf ywainvjeote' and of Mr. John Humfrey's " farm," the reader is 
referred to the paolished histories of Lynn. — [Editob.] 


Early Settlers in West Springfield. 


Benja Lenord 
John D:iy 
Jn° Lenord 
Jams Tailor su'' 
Jams Tailor jun'' 
Joua'f' Tail'.r 
Sam" Tailor 
NatLn Lenord 
Edward Foster 
John ]\ Til lor 
Jams ^[ireck 
Jolin Killum sn"^ 

John Killum jun'' 
lionja Sniitli 
"VV"' Smith 
Jose. Lenord s'"^ 
Suiuli Lenord 
Jose. Lenord jun'' 
Sam" Cooper 
Samii Kent 
Gorsham Hail 
Jn" Hail 

Gorsham Hail jim>^ 
iX'acon Barber 
Tho» Barber 

Nat Bancroft 

Jose. Hod^i; 

Isaac k Frost 

James Stevenson 

James Stevenson jun' 

Jona^^ Wortliington 

Samil Miller junr 

Tho3 ^lacrany 

Josejih Budortha jun^ 

Francis Ball 

John Ely 

Sam" Fery [73] 



April y^ 7*^ 1707. 

Att a meeting of tlie Inhabitrmts About the land given by the town. 
Hear foloweth an acount how the lots lyeing on the hill ware Drawn And 
also of booth the other divisions as they ware Numbered. 

It was agreed to have three divisions one Below aggowam river, one from 
the to[p] of the hill next to aggowam River to Rim to dorbey Brook ami 
the next division to begin at dorbeys brook and so to extend to the end of 
the land given by the town. 

Aggowam Division The Jose. Bodortha junr 

lots to be ten acres. The street division. 

Jams Stevenson SjI' 10 Doac" Parsons 
8 F.ben Jons sn' 
15 Samii Bodortha 
13 Josiah Lenord 
6 Henry Beyers 
20 John'RoLTcrs 
17 Joseiih Bodortha 

1 John Day 

2 Benja Lenord 

3 Jams Taller snr 

4 Jams Tailor jun' 

11 Jona'^ Tailer 

12 Edward Foster 

5 Jno Miller 

Jams St.e\enson jun' 
Isaack Frost 
Deacon Barber 
Tho^ Barber 
Nath" Lenord 
NathU Bancroft 
Jonath TVorthington 
John Haill 
Ger^ha. Hail sn'' 
Sam'i Cctoper 
Jose. Lenord sn' 
Samii Lenord 
Jose. Lenord jun"^ 
Sam" ^'ailor 
Sam" i\ent 
Eben"" Jones 
Jn" Lenord 
Sam'l Day 
Joseph Hod'j 

the hill att ye South end 

& so to go Hound on the 

west side of the way. 

21 John Killum 17 

2-4 John Killum 18 

2 chickebey lots above Dor- 

28 beys Brook — ten aors. 

9 Francis Ball 
19 Jams Mireck 
IG Ebonr Miller 
14 W Wuodbridj 

7 on the hUl. 
18 Charls Ferv 

Aggowam lots are Xumber- C'liri>rian Vanhorn 
e"d from Samll Coopers Ebenr Day 
& so alonf westward. Jn" Elv 
— Sam" Ely 

The lots for the street di- Jn" Fowler 

vision are 7 acrs. 
Sam" Ball 
Francis Ball 
Jose. Bodortha sn' 

Jn^ Petey 
12 Pela. Jones 
J 3 Sam" Wariner 
4 .Jose. Bodortha jun' 
C The street lots are Num- 
bered from the top of 

27 Benja Smith 20 

6 Wni Smith 4 

1 Jams Barcker 3 

14 Jose. Ely 8 
9 Jose. Ely 18 

10 Wm Macrany 21 

19 Tho» Macrany 11 
26 Sam" Barcker 12 

11 Jose. Barcker 1 

4 Oliver Barcker 19 
3 Jno Bag • 9 
8 Jonath Bag 13 

the first lot Nathii Morgan 17 

Samll Fery 15 

1 Sam" Miller 14 

5 Samll Miller 5 

15 Sam" Frost 7 

30 Nath" Svkes 16 

31 Xath' Dumbleton 6 
29 AVm Scot 22 

32 Sam" Bodortha jun«- 2 

22 The division ot chickeby 

20 lots is numbred begin- 

23 ning at y^ southerly end 
on y« east side of j^ way. 

The Comitey Appointed by the town for modeling the land given on the 
hill Did In may 17U7 with several of the Inhabitants lay out a high way 
that was to Ron from the tope of the hill ur Cartway that goeth up the 


Early Settlers in West Sprbigfield. 


hill by or near airizowaiu Iviver to Run tliru the land given by the town 
from s*^ hil to Dorl-.eys brook. 

The Inhabitants having agreed to Lay out the Lots on the Hill 
Being Drawn as is expressed in the forgoing Pago they the s'' Persons 
owners of the Lots on tlie hill Did In may next after the s** meeting Did 
Imploy the town measuer to lay out the Division of lots on the hill the 
Account wherof is as foloweth. 

On y^ east side of y* way the first 
lot on the Hill is M'" Woodbridg 21 
Ivod wide and 5G Rod Long 

John Day 21 Rod wide & 56 

Jose. Lenord 21 Rod wide & 56 

Jams Mireck 21 Rod wide & 56 

Francis Ball the same 

John Killum (?) tlie same 

Joseph (?) Bodortba the same 

Charls Ferey the Same 

Eben (?) Miller on y*^ west side y* 

Edward Foster 7 acres 
at ye Rear of y'' lots on y^ 

Jams Tailer Juu' 7 acrs 

John Miller s"' 7 acrs 

Left Jonath Ball 7 acrs 

Sam" Ball 7 acrs 

Benja Lenord 7 acres 

The (?) last lot next doibeys Broock 
In that Tear of lots on y' side y^ way. 

-ly att the Rear of those lots 

there is Room left for to lay out 2 lots 
for Edward Foster & John Miller 
[at the ?] end of the hill next the 
[minister ?J 

In the west tear next to Dorbeys 
Brook the lots went on 

15 Eben' Day 7 acrs 

16 Deacon Parsons 7 acrs 

John Killum 2 lots — 7 acrs p' lot 

22 Eben'' Jons Sen"' 7 acrs 

Sam" Day chose to be at aggov.-ani 

27 John Rogers 7 acrs 27tli lut 

21 Sam" Wariner 7 acrs 
Nath Lenord over aggowam 

22 Pelatiah Jones sn'' 7 acrs 

23 Jose. Bodoriha jun' 7 acrs 

24 Sam" Bodortiia su"' 7 acrs 
James Tailer sn' 7 acrs 

20 Jonathan Taller 7 acrs 20 lot 

28 Henry Rogers 7 acrs 
John Fowler 7 acres 
SO John Ely 7 acrs 

31 Sam" Ely 

32 John Petey the last Lote next to 

y^ top of the Hill 
The Above list of lots laid out by 
the town Measurer was acording to 
the Return made by him and wear 
exactly transcribed 

by me 
Samuell Ely clerk 
for this occasion. 


Ther is a way to be Allowed for the Passing of Cattle at the west end 
of the weast tear of lots; which goeth along by the River bauckard 
so a long by medinegoueeck unto Silver stream or els to run Betwct-u 
the lots. 

The lots beyound the great dingle are longer and so they are narower to 
a bout twelve Rods to mack 7 acres. 

And sum of the lots on the weast tear ware laid out But eleven ^Rods so 
that ther might Bee Room for to macke up the Number of Lots Proposed 
to be in that Division each lot 7 acres which in all is 30 lots. 

Ther was 32 lots Proposed to Be in that Division but there was but oO 
laid out partly Because the lots must be so very small and ther ware sum 
men willing to tacke ther lots Below aggowam River wher It would suite 
them better : & ther was lots sufRciant. 

The men ware Sam" Day & Nath" Lenord whose names are crossed out 
in the acouut on the other leaf. 

VOL. XXIX. 25 


Early Selllers in West Springfield. 



In order to rrcvent all mlstacks that may att any time heareafter arise 
It is to bo Renionibercd that All that was djiie About the Dividiui,' of tlie 
land given by the town to the lidiabitants of this Precinct The Proprie- 
tor saw caust; to Reverse F.^c ui.^e of die diliicultieb with the first Coiumitey 
that bhould have modeled the said Laud so that nhat Records are of th« 
Date of 1707 must l^e understood accordingly. And nothing \va5 done to 
effect till after the town had chosen a new Commitey for Modeling the s'^ 
land So the dividing of the s'^ land was delayed till the year 1720 as may 
be seen in the other end of this Book And then was compleated. 

Sam'' Ely clerk. 
An Acompt IIow the land is divided 
That was given to this precinct 
by the Town. 

It is Almost twelve years since ther was certain tracts of land given, by 
the Town to the Inhabitants of this precinct And it was expected the 
same should have Been forth with divided : And sum ludeavours ware used 
as may be seen by what is written in the begineing of the Book to settle 
the same But nothing was Accomplished till Tuseday the 19th of April 
Ano Dom 1720 Then there was a meeting Regularly And lawfully warn- 
ed by a warant from A Justice of the peace to Divide and distribute the 
s** laud. iVnd iho Proprietors being Asembled Did chuse Left John Day 
to be ther Moderator And Sam" Ely to be ther Clark who was Imt-diately 
sworn to that oifn-'e And the Proprietors preceded to draw a list of the 
Names of those that ware owners of And had Right in the s'^ land which 
ware of two denominations According to the Tenor of the grant first those 
that ware Petetioners secondly those that ware to be provided for The 
Names of the Petitioners according as was then determined by a vote are 
as followtth : 

James Barcker 
Joseph Barcker 
Samii Barcker 
Oliver Barcker 
John Bag 
Jonathan Bag 
Nath'i ^Morgan 
Samii IMiller 
Sam'i Frost 
Nat. Sykes 
Pela Jons 
Sam" Warine' 
Ebenf Day 
Christian Vanhom 
Charls Fery 
Sam'i Day 
Sam" Ely 
Jno Fowler 
Joseph Bodortba 
Mr "VVoodbrids 

SamU Bodortha 
Sam Bodurcha jun^ 
Josiah Leuord 
Capn Bad 
Samii Ball 
Henry Rogers sn"" 
Jn" Zogers 
Nathii Dumbleton 
W™ Scot 
Benja Lenord 
John Day 
Jn" Lenord 
Jams Tailer sn'' 
James Tailer jun'' 
Edward Foster 
Jose. Lenord Sen' 
Sam" Cooper 
Gersham Hail Jun' 
Nat. Bancroft 
Jams Stevenson jun' 

John Ely 
Jonathan Tailer 
John Mdler 
Sam" Lenord 
Gersham Hail sen''- 
Deacon Barber 
Isaac Frost 
Francis Ball 
Nat. Lenord 
Jams Mireck 
Jose. Lenord jun' 
John Hail 
Tho' Barber 
Jams Stevenson 
Jonath. "Worthington 
Deacon Parsons 

of age [57] 

In the Next place a list was drawn of the Names of those that ware to 
be provided for who ware such as had Removed hither & ware Inliabitants 
or such of the Inhabitants as ware born hear and had attained to the Age 
of twenty-one years which was determined by a vote as followeth : 


Early Settlers in West Springfield. 


Jno Daj' iim<" 
Henry l\0'jcn-s jun^ 
Jno Bodortlia 
Jose. Ball 
Thos Miller 
Jno Ilu'jin 
Ben. ]Miller 
Ben Parsons 
John Fowler jun, 
Sam" D;iy juu' 
Chnrls Fery 
Jonatii Old 
Tho* Miller jua"^ 
Eben'' Scot 
Pel at. Mortran 

Kath" !Mor<;an junr 
Sam" Moriran 
Ebe^ Mor;.Mn 
Sam" 'J\ulfr 2nd 
Joria"' Bag jiuir 
Jolin Ba'j jiuir 
Eben f A silly 
Jose Ashly 
Benja Aslily 
Jusiah ^ filler 
lienjainiii Stebbiu 
Mark Fery 
Sam" Fery 

John "White 
Jams Stevenson 
Danill Coley 
Jona'h Ball 
Lenj^^ Ball 
Jose Coitlton 
Bcnja Hail 
Eben"" Lenord jun"^ 
John Barber 
Thos Bodortha 
Ben. Bodortha 
Jose. Bodortha jun' 

John :\Iiller v»- 3'-' _.., ,_ 

Cap" Dowue'ing Ebenr Scot Sam" Fery [41] 

Jams Mireek junr 

Voted to divide the land into three Divisions one divi>;iou to extend from 
the tope of the hill to dorbeys Brook And one from dorbey.s Urook to the 
upper end of the chickebey field And one Below Aggowam Kiver And 
then the meeting A Journed till the second tusoday lu may. 

And on Tuesday May the 10''^ 1720 The meeting Makeing Asemhled 
It was voted that all those proprietors that ware grantes liveiug between 
the pound and clay Hill should have liberty to draw for their lots la that 
division which is between the tope of the hill and dorbeys Brook and those 
that mised of lots thear shonld have them In the other divisions. 

It was voted that the lots in the division on the tope of the hill should 
be Numbered begineing- att the Southerly end of the east tear cf Lots And 
so to goe along to dorbeys Brook And then the lots are to be numbered 
from the northerly end of the next tear Back again to the hill. 

It WGs voted that the men whose Names are Hear after exprest should 
have ther lots In the division at chickebey That is to say 

A list of those in Aggowam Division. 

Pelatiah Morgan Jams Stevenson 

Sam" [Miller Danu Coley 

Thos Miller jun"- Jose. Coulton 

Josinh Miller Ben'i Haill 

Nath" Svkes Ebeur Lenord junr 

Sam" Tailer junr Jo^i^ Barber 

Jose. Ashly Thos Bodortha 

Ebenf Ashly Benja Bodortha 

Benja Ashly Jose. Bodortha jum 

Ebenr Scot Sam" Bodortha 

John MiUer 3^ Josiah Lenord 
[24] Samii Day junr 

John Day juu"" [13] 

TTm Scot 
Jams Barcker 
Oliver Barcker 
Joseph Barcker 
Sam" Barcker 
John Bag 
John Bag j an*' 
Jona^*! Bag 
Jona"^ Bag jitnr 
Nath" [Morgan 
Nath" [Mor<,'an jun' 
Sam" [Morgan 
Eben' Moriian 

A list of the Names of the men that Belong to that division on the Hill 
And the Number that each man drew. 

It was voted and concluded to confirm that lot to M"' Woodbridg which 
he hath sould. provided that those to whom It was soidd would acksept of 
that number of acres, or other wise they might have liberty to draw for A lot. 

Sara" Day 
Eben' Day 
Benja Lenord 
Chads Fory 
Jams Miroek 
]Si at Dumblton 

2 Samii TV'ariner 

3 .John Fowler 
4:Jam« Tailor jun' 
5 Sam" Ball 

«3 Deacon Parsons 
TE"^ Foster 

8 Jonat'' Tailer 


9 Nath" Lenord 


10 Pela. Jons 


11 Francis Ball 


12 Cap" Ball 


13 Jam TaUer Sen' 


28S JEarly Settlers in West Springfield. [July, 

John Ely ' 20 Jn" Rocrcrs 24 Sam" Bodorlhajunf 2.S 

Christiiin 2l.]ohnI>;iy 2o John Millor In.-ign 20 

Jno Lcnord 22Josc IJodortlia 26 Henry llogers 30 

Sam" Ely 23!Saniii JiodorUia 27 

The Above List is the Acount- How the Lots on the hill ware Drawn 
Accordiu;jr to their Nu;nlier [20] 

The meeting Aji^uiaLd till jMiiiiday next. 
And one Munday 'May The IG"' 1720 
The meeting Asembled 

Voted that Robert Old have a lot provided for him. 

Voted that Sam" Frost have Liberty to draw for his lot provided he 
Relinquish what Right he hath already to a lot in the s"^ land. 

Voted that thcr be a comitey for the layeing out of that tear of Lots which 
is on the south side of the way above dorbeys brook, which are Impowered 
to divide the same so as may bo most convenient to accomodate the pro- 

The men chosen for comitey Are Insig" Mirek Serjat Bag, TTiliam Scot. 

Att the meeting of the proprietors by Ajoarnment may the IC^^ 1720 
Christian haveing desired to exchang y*' Urawt of His Lot 

Voted that Christian Vauhorn have a smal tract of land eastward of the 
first tear of lots on the hill lyciug southerly of westfield Rhoad between the 
end of the lots and a highv.ay coming up the hill from the street wher 
Ebnn^ Day liveth. provided it doe not exced ten acres and he to Relinquish 
his Right elsv. hear. 

Voted That Insi° Mirek Sorja" Bag And Sam'^ Ely be a comitey to lay 
out the high way that lieth thru the land granted by the town from the top 
of the hill to the uper end of chickeby field. 

Voted To lay out the lots that Belong to the petitioners in ten acre lots 
that each man may have ten acres in a lot. 

Voted That the s*^ Comitey (viz.) Jams Mirek Jn° Bagg And Wiliam 
Scot lay out the lots to the petitioners in that division Below aggowam 

Voted That any five of the proprietors that desier to have a meeting of 
the s"^ proprieters may sign a notification to the Clark of the proprieters to 
warn a meeting when need shall rcpiier And the cl erk posting up the same 
Jn sum publick place & giveing due notice as to the time shal be counted a 
lawful warning to asemble uppon any ocation the proprieters may have 
to convene uppon. 

May the 2-4 1723 Att a meeting of the Proprieters being Duely to finish 
the Dividing of the s*^ Land and all persons ware desired to attend the s*^ 
meeting that ware concerned and Expected a Right in the s*^ land Serja*' 
John Bag Moderator And then Voted to adjourn the Meeting till tusday 
the 28"^ of this Lastant may at 3 'o clock afternoon at the meeting house. 

And on I\[ay the 28"" the meeting Asembled Voted that the heirs of 
Sam^^ Miler Jun"' Deceased have a lot divided to them. Voted That of Joseph 
Bodurtha .Jun"^ Deceased have a lot divided to them (viz.) the heiers of 
Jo* Bodurtha. Voted That Sam^^ Kent have a lot divided to him. 

It was voted and detrjrmined att this meeting that the Lands which shall 
Remain undi\'ided after the former proprieters are suplied (which have 
not yet had their Respective lots) That the comitey formerly Chosen shall 
divide the same to such persons as of Right It Belongeth unto according 
as they come of age or as they came to live hear so that he that corns first 
of Age shall first be suplied with a lot. 

1875.] Earhj Settlers in West Springfield. 289 

Juue y* C'^ 1720. Hoar followeth an A Count of tho Dlvifleinc,^ of tho 
land given to the Inhabitants of tliis Precinct l>y the Town And tlrst the 
land on the hill. 

1. The first lot in the Tear on the east side of the high way is divided 
to '51' "NVoodbridg IJeing in length o4 Rods iu width 21 Ivod<^ and is In 
Quant itye seven acres. 

2. The Second lot to Sam" Day Bounded on the South by M' Wood- 
brig Quantityc ten acres Length 58 Rods IJredth 23 Hods.