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Full text of "The New England historical and genealogical register"

Beneauo^v collection 



i^H limilSS.'iinT.if, P,y PLIC LIBRARY 



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GENEALOGY 
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N42NA 
1881 



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THE/ 



NEW-ENGLAND 

Ijistorical an^ (L^ciicalogical |lcgistiT 

PCBLISHED QrARTEEI^T, BT THE 

:XcU)=2insIanti ?I)istoric, (ilTcncalDOical Socictij. 

FOR THE YEAR 1881. . 
1 '■■ ^,1 . 



VOLUME XXXV 




BOSTON: 

PUBLISQED AT THE SOCIEIT'S HOUSE, 18 SOMERSET STREET. 

PBINTED by DAVT.D Clapp & Sos. 

1881. 



\ I J 



€mmM on IPuMication, 
— 188 1. 

JOHN WARD DEAy, JEREMIAH COLBURN. 

LUCIUS R. PAIGE, WILLIAM B. TRASK, 

EDMUND F. SLAFTER, HENRY F. WATERS, 

HENRY H. EDES. 



EUitOt, 
JOHN WARD DEA:i. 



GENERAL IiXDEX, 



[Index of Names of Persons at the end of the Volume.] 



Abstracts. (See Deeds and WiUf.') 

Address (annual) of PrtsiieD: Wiiier, 129 

Alden, Ebenezer, memoir of, 310 

Alden family, query, 33-1 

Alleo, reply 'o note, 80 

Almost a Centeaarian, note, 2T3 

Americans of Riyal Desce^:, »=c«anccnent a3 in 

preparation, 2S1 
Anpier, query, 8S 

Arms or Armorial Bearings. (Se« Coatt of Jrrrxt.) 
Arnold, Gen. Benedict, C rr^rv^-ience of, '153 
Atherton family in England, "iT 
Australian Newspapers, co:e. ii 
Autographs, (ree IHuflrUiont.) 
Autographic Puzzle, 3S5 

Baptisms and Deaths. (See Rtcirdt.) 

Barrett., note, 181 

Batchelder. reply to note, iSO 

Belief in Astrology in New E^z'.xsd, 279 

Bell, query, 278 

Berry, Thoma*, query, 2?0 

Biographical sketches. (See atso Seerolosy) 

Frances A. A. Applet.jn, 113 

John Ayrea, 337 

John B..yUt.on, 161 

Samuel bradstreet, 212 

John B. Brown, 308 

Lilian CButtrt, 307 

John H. Hunon,410 

John B. Chace, 410 

Sarah B. Chase, 212 

■William W. Cowles, 11^ 

■Wiliiam T Cordner, 307 

Henry Cox, 410 

Richard Coy, 337 

Nathaniel l.ieerir.f^, 307 

Daniel Elm'^r, 340 

James T fit-Ids. 303 

Birara Fuller, 116 

Michael A Gaulin, S9 

Hu^ih B. Gri^^by, 303 

William an.svenor, .i-10 

Judi'.h Hathaway, 410 

"WUlijm Havdeo, lia 

James H.'.ey. 339 

John James. 340 

Andrew H. Kidder, 212 

gamu-1 K»-rit, :J3S 

Ana L. Os^t..i,i, -Jia 

JuhL 0. F.iifr-v-, J'j8 

Thnmis r'ars .ns, 338 

Q-orge I'hillips, 3,(9 

■WillLioi Priiciacd. 3CT 

Lucy H t^t'.ne. 212 

Joseph .-mith. 340 

JaddhT.umbull, 333 

John Warner, 338 



Biographical Sketches— 

'Dat^iei Wr^ntw^nh, 213 .«,,: 'f, .■ '. , 

Th:na3 Wilson. 339 
Hannah Wyman, 118 
John Tonaelo7e,S36 
B'.ake. Johu. query, 1S3 ; reply, i80 
Blue B-;ok, or Court Directory, query, 3S4 
Book Nc-.lces — 

Addeman's Reminiscences of two years with Col- 
ored Iroops, 205 
Appi-'.on's Adams Q-»nealogy, 303 
Appleton'sBAdcock Oencilogy, 303 
Arr.o'd's paper on Abraham Lincoln, 406 
Atwater's Colony of New Have:::, 203 
Ballwin's Baldwin Genealcey, 302 
Biker's Old and New Stjies, i'Lxsd Datei, Calsn- 

dars, ic 403 
Bamu's History of Goshen. Mass., 401 
Be-iDington, Centennial Anniversary of Battle of, 

103 
Ben:er'» Treatise of Fyssbynge wyth an Angle, 

103 
BCir.ell Memorial, 111 
Bigv!ow"s Reply to Francis Brinley on claim* of 

Hon. John P. Bigelow. 203 
Boston Almanac and B'lstnes* Directory, 1881, 

Boston Directory, 18S1, 406 

Boston Rec <rJ Commissioners' Fcunh Report, 

loe ; Fif'.h Report. 207 ; Roxbury Records, 207 
Bra/ilec's P-ejis, 406 
Bnzb^'s Orisin and Development of Local_ Self- 

G jVrrimenta in New England and the Ceiled 

S-^'^5, ¥jO 
Eareaa of Educatiou's Circnlara of InrcTcatlon, 

2>H 
CaJlwel's Antiquarian Papers, 405 
Canton, Ma.=s. Report on towu seal and on 

Niming streets, i\io 
Champi I n"s Vovagfs. Vol. 1, 399 
Ch:l]"3 Chid G-nealoey, 302 
ChT«:ermau"3 Guide to RicUmoiid and the Bat- 

tk=e!ds,40d 
Ch-5t/e''s Ujcke Desc-nt. 303 
CUrk Oer.ei!o;:icai Items. 487 
Civil e*rvi.-e Reform Association Publication*, 

No. 1. 202 
Cob^Ti's Almanac for three thousand years, 403 
C^.-- -.r-N ir-t'-ry of .\nirim,N. U., 200 
C- -.--.r.'. L.feof Gardeid, lu'J 
Co-;- farrjiy, 407 

Clerelacd's Cleveland Oenealo^, 20*1 
Coof.«:'icut0.1ony Public Records, Vol. XI-, 197 
Cro-b.'s Diitinjuished Men of Essex Co. 109 
Da-.-ii's Life of Dolor Davis and Sketch of Deiceud- 

ar.t«, ■a.a 
V* C.r-u's EelaUoo of a Voyage to Sagadahoe, 

101 



IV 



General Index. 



Book Notices— - t u , 

De Nosu'a Annireria.ry Sermon, St John s 

Church. N. T., 302 
De CdsU'i fnveutio Fortanata, 207 
De Costa's William Blacknoce ia his relaaon to 

Massachusetts anl Rhode Island, -JO" 
Denison's Bittle of Ce !ar Moaut lin. i06 
Dorchrster's ioO.h Ar.-irersirv. 105 
Edwards's Heard Gen;:i'.--.v. JS 
Ellis's Fourth fuppl-m-n: to E is Genealogy, 40i 
Emertoa'sSilsbee Ger.t:a.lojy, -W7 
Foster's Monthly Reference Lis-.. 30O 
Franklin Historical Mig.izitje. 301 
Fuller's Fuller Genral.-'i-y. 110 
Green's Remarks on Klcctricity, Magnetism, kc, 

207 
Green's Centennial Address before the Mass. 

Medical Society, ell 
Green's Grocon Early Records, 105 
Green's Library Siie Ci.ta::cue, 110 
Hackett'3 Memoir >jf William H- Y. Hackett. -tW 
Hararaitt's Hammitc Pipers. No. 2, 405 
Harleia-i Society's Pu' i.'V.-.^ns. 3oO 
Hart's Life of William B-ich Livrence, 300 
Hassam's Has-am a' d H. :oo Fimiiy notes, 407 
Hassam's Eirly =a:T.;k Deeds. 403 
Hassam's Boston Taverns. 403 
Henshaiv's (Col. Wiiiiam; Orderly Book (1773) 

and Memoir. 301 
Hubbard's Towne Memorial. Ill 
HuDtjeWell's Journal of tac Voyage of the Mis- 

gi'-narv Packet. IS.o. 2'>4 
International CoD::.eSo oi Americanists, meeting 

of, ISSl, 299 
Jarvis's Jarvis Oeneal^ry. 110 
Kansas State Historical Society's Transactions, 

29S 
Lake of the Red Cellars. 1'.'7 
Lancashire and C^c^-. -e Ke::>ni Society Publi- 
cations. Vol. Ill- .■■<- „ ^ . 
LancaMiire and C.he='. - Cvi-tv Historic S^>Cl- 

ety T-anSHCtions. V.j,. XXXtl.. -UO 
Lathri.p's Lathnjp Fi=j;.v Tree, 207 
Library -Journal, 2j7 
Littlehale's Littiehale Cr^nc^l-yry. Ill 
Loyal Legion of the C. =.. Fun Register of. 106 
Lynde's (Berjamia aad Benjamin, Jr.) Diaries 

and Pedigree of. 2^7 
Massachusetts Horucoltural &xiety. History of, 

296 
McDonald's McDot:n', 1 Genea'^jy. 20. 
McDon il 1' Wh-;pr..e Oeneal ■jy. 407 
Metoalf':' Annas .,: Me^d.n. 2u5 
Morison's Moris on Genea.jjy. 207 
Mnrri-t' wn (N. J ) First Preibyierian Churctl 

Record. 404 
Nason's Literary Hist'^ry of the Bible, 302 
Kead's PennsylviEia FiP-acces, 301 
Neiil's Light thr.»n by the Je^uts upon ob- 

si-ure p.iiats of E.riy Maryland History, 2t4 
Neiil's MinneS'jta's E^p • rer?. 402 
Neiil's Writings of Lju-s Ueoneptn, 110 
New Englanler. 40-^ 

New England H'.sc.ric: Genealogical soci-ty s 
CeWbia.ion of C-e Cer.tenary of the Ma=sa- 
' chu-*ett5 Constiu i ti. '^"-'4 
NeiT England U stori-: Getj-ralorical Society, Me- 
morial Bioiirai.hi-rs. V .1. I., p. 291 
New Ens'and Me-.h.-i.it lJiitoric<il Society, first 

annual Meetin/. 203 
North American Review, 19S 
Olrt Colony Uistorcii s-jciety Coliections, No. 2, 

203 
Paine's Paine F;im;Ir Records, 203 
Parker's Municipal G jverameiii in Ma-sachu- 

aetts. 400 
Parscvi-'s .Medical Department of Brom Univer- 
sity. 293 
Peck'.> Recruit b-fore Peter^b jr?, 296 
Peircc-i Colonial LiU. 1.'7 
Peirce's P.-irce Gene-^l -4:y, 111 
Pennsylvania in Ravo.uii..n. Vol. L 203 ; Vol. 

II. 402 
Pennsylvania's efty-first Veteran Volunteer Eeg- 
imetit's Keunioc.'ijd 



Book Notice*— 

Plenderleath's Curiosities and Statistics of Par. 
ish Kesisters. 2j2 
' Poore's Poore Genealogy. 302 
/ Preble's History of the Flag of the United States, 

Raites's History of Honorable Artillery Compa- 



ny- 



99 



Rexfird's Rexford Genealogy. 303 

Kidlaiid'5 Burb.nk Family. Ill 

Robinson's Our Trees iu Winter, 404 

Rogers's Personal Experiences of the Chancellors- 

ville Camp-iign, 4C'o 
Rozers's Memoirs of John BLnos and Family of. 

Knox, 111 
Roecrs's F.imily of Colt and Coutts, 111 
Rocers's Scotli^h House of Christie, 111 
RyTaod's Ciayton Family of Cnester, 111 
RyUnd's Starkie Family of Leigh, Ul 
Salem (N. Y.) Centennial Address, 103 
Salisbury's Uiodate Genealogy, 303 
Saiikey Pedigrees. 4u7 
a-vmour (C.-nu. ) Census, 110 
Sh'irpe's -h irpe Gmeilgy, 111 ; Additions, 407 
Sibley's Harvard Grad lates, Vol. IL. 5&S 
Slau.'hter's Memoir of Joshua Fry, 111 
Slo<-um's Sl.'<uni Genealogy. 203 
Smith's History of Newrou. 1&& 
Smithsonian Report, 1579, 299 
Society of the Army of the Cumberland, Reunion, 

401 
Suffolk De^ds, Liber I. 10? 
T>tu,•^ Titos Ge;,eal'^.;y, 407 
Trumbull's Ind an .Namrs in Conn^ticut, 401 
Yerv, .lones. Lif- an 1 L'teratare, 404 
Ward's Lifijette's Vi.itf. Virgi'iia 1S24. 403 
Water^'s P,trenta-e of Matthias CorvFin, 2?9 
Weymouth Historical Society's Publications, No. 

I • -'-'6 
Wheild . 's Cariosities of Hi^t.-ry. :.^. 
White'- Meci'.irs Fr-.tei:ant Epi=; i..iil Chur-a In 

winu'r'.ptj-'hn. Celebration of the Fifth Half 
Centurv of the Arrival 'f. 404 

■Wo.xlbur\'. Rel.xti m .f the Fisheri-s to ^t- I'li- 
Cv^very and Setilem-nt of North Amenca, lOi* 

Wright"'* L,imp^ -n F.ia'ly Hi-tory. 4o7 
Boston, AD=tracl-- < f Early luiloik Deeds, 24a 
Bowdoin Pai'crs, 164 

Boylston, Zabd.el and John, Paper on, 150 
Briaden, query. 354 
Bright, Jonahia B . Memoir of, IIT 
Brock, RMbert A , nr.te, SS6 
Brons-lon Family, 361 ^ 

Bnxikfield (M^s*.), Early History of, ^3 
Browne, J .hn and Saii.uel, applical.f 

Company (1629). 252 
Bryant Geoeal'.gy, 37 ; note on, 85 

Cabo de Bax s. 49 

Cape CihI in the ol I Carto'o?y. 49 

Censures "n Harvard Coileg- in 1672, 121 

Census ijf New II imp-hire, 1775, S7 

• heSter, Jo-euh L., no'.e, 3-3 

Chipman, John. dec;a a- on i.l behalf of. 12T 

Champlin, ( hiin-pher, f.«mily record, 2(7 

ClarK, querv, S9,279, 334 

Coats '.f -Arn^ 

Cot3n. 376 ; U;f>i->te, 167 ; rmmraer, Z'li 

Cofin Family, Name and armirial beariLgs Of, 374 

Collf-ge Chronicle, note, Isl 

Co s-ju. qu ry, S3 

Concord (Mass.) Sleepy Hollow Burial Ground, que- 
ry, 89 

C'Xjmbs. Peter, query, 2S0 

Cutler, Samuel, Memoir of, 213 

Daniell, Mrs. Alice, letter to Got. John Winthrop, 318 
D.irtm'.uih [>l >-s ; Recr is, 32 
Davis, Abi.:ai:, ouery. o^4 
Deaths current, IH, 212. 306, 410 
Declaration in belia f if .loha Ch palaB, 127 
Deeds, Eirly tuff Ik. 24-J 
Deniz-ui' il. Letters P.tteat of, 243 
Denau, query, 87 



10 the Mu4. 



General Index. 



corcprniot', 163 
tratiom.) 



Dennyaville, Me., note. 88 I 

Deposiiima. Jehn Abbott, 163 ; .\nna Dyer, 366 : ] 
Alexander Edwards, 153 ; Kichard Excell. !M ; | 
Jane English. 163 ; Joanna Lunibard, \bl ; Henry 
Ware, 166 ; John Pre^see, 232 ; Kichard Smith, 
232 ; Thomas White, loo 
Diaries of— 

Paul Pulley (1T40\ 23 
Joseph Faiwtll (1745-54), 89 
Charles A. P.&le (1S61), 311 
Dinwildie P.ipers, note, oS3 
Diodate, William, an I hij Italian Ancestors, 16T 
Documents coDC-ruintr Philip Eni^lUh, 103 
Dorchester grantees of meadow lands, Vl 
Dnimm.ind, qu^^ry, 273 
Pudlry. Paul, diiry "f, i;3 
Dummer Genealogy, "254, 321 
Dwineli. reply to,~2S0 
Dyer, Anna, deposition of, 363 

Early Australian Newspapers, note, 88 
Early Boston-born Child, qu-rv, 33 
Eliot, Rev. John, Cluirch Kecords, 21, 241 
Elliof, Jonathan, qu>?rv, 2T3 
Engli-h, Philip, di^un" 

Engravings. (See //i 

Epitaphs, {iic iMcriptions.) 

Facsimile of Sijnatares of Roxbury Petition, 123 
Farwell. Joseph, Groton Meinoramla, 275 
Forbes Lithoijrapbic Manufactariui; Co., 334 
French Priests mentioned by Peohallow, S9 
Fuller, Deborah, query, 2Su 

Garde, Roger, sketch of, 343 

6au!i s Michael Anthony, sUetch of, 89 

QeneaiOiies— 

Atherton, 67 Hale, 367 

Brnusdon. 381 Locke, 59 

Br\ant, 37 Pevton, 145 

Coffin, 378 Wright, 74 

Diodiite. 167 YoutiL'man, 45 

Dummer, 254, 321 
Genealoiries in preparation announced — 

Aylswurth. 91 Locke. 59 

Candee, 282 Lutcrtll, 2=i2 

Clark, 386 Merriam. 91 

Cl^-veland 91 Millar. 134 

Cog>well, 338 Pavson. 91 

Damon, 3S8 Ptirce, 91 

Emerson. 91 Porter, 91 

Hile, 134 BiTiry, 134 

Hopkins. 91 Fpare, 155 

Jac..b3, 91 Ptimson, .386 

Kenney, 184 Etreeter, 23i 

Learned, 91 Swift, 336 

Libby, 232 Waterman, 185 

Genealo/ical Queries, 182 
Good, William, injury to by the Witchcraft delusion, 

253 
Qorgeana Rcoir.ls. ext^-acti from, 42 
Gorham, Nathaniel, qu-ry. 134 
Grantees of meadow land in Dorchester, 73 

HaleOenealozy, 3^7 

Hancock, query, 279 

Harris, query, 273 ; reply, 235 

Harri-on Family, 240 

Harvard 'ollege. Censurei on (1762), 121; Build- 
in/ of Harvard Hall, 300 ; Observatory of, 183 

Hath (Way. John, note, 'i^i 

Hayd^n, Ilezekiah, que y, 87 

Heraldry. rei«irt of \iit Committee on, 272, 345 

Hill, qu-ry, 134 

Eistor cal Societies, procei^dings of— Archceological 
IiiBlitiite, 235 ; Canton, 233 ; K-miaa. 137; Maine, 
187; New Lru-i'wirk. 1»6 ; N-w Enzland Historic 
Geneulogi.Tal,91, 135, 282, 337; .\-v Hav-n Col- 
Ony, 2S5; New Jts-j, 187; N'-w York li-neaiog j 
ical ana Biographical, 137 ; Nova Stot'a, 254 ; Old i 
Colonv, 187 ; P >comtu-k Valley .Memorial Asso- i 
ciation, 2H3 ; Uh.4e Island. 'Si. 133, 2S4, 388 ; { 
Tirgioia,2S5, 3>>j ; Weymouth, 188 I 

Home farm (newspaper), note, 88 



Honour, Alice, query, 279 
Uowland, query, 88 

Illustrations — 

Autographs of— Ebeneier Alden, 310 ; John Ayres, 
seuY oo2 ; John Ayres, jun., 332 ; Samuel 
Avres, i^l \ John Bowl-s, 123 ; Daniel Brewer, 
123 ; Edward Bridge, 12? ; John Biv,,vne. 253 ; 
Samuel Browne, 253: Jonat.'ian B. Bright, 117 ; 
Richard Ccr, sen., 332 ; Kichard Cov, 332 ; 
Samuel Cuiler, 213; Johu Eliot, ICo : Tho- 
mis Foster, 123; Roger Garde, 343; Samuel 
Gray, 123; Richard Gwd, 123: Ralph llem- 
enway, 123; James Iljvev, 032; .ihraham 
How, 1-23 ; Samu-I Kent. 332 ; Samuel Mey, 
123; Edw.ird .Morris, 123; Abraham Newell, 
sen., 123 ; Isaac Neweil. 123; Jacob Newell, 123; 
Edward Pais'.n, 123 ; Giles Paison. 123 ; John 
Parpoint. 123 ; Thomas Parsons, 336 ; Robert 
Pepper, 123 ; John II. P:-ytoii, 9 ; John Poley, 
123 ; S.amael Prichett, 336 ; William Prichet, 
332 ; John Pynchon, 332 ; Samuel Ruj^les, 
123 ; Robert Seaver, 123 ; Jnra.rs Travis, 336 ; 
Judah Trumbull, 336 ; John Warner, 336 ; Na- 
thiniel Warner, 336; Samuel Warner. 336; 
John Watson, 123; Robert Willi ims, 123; 
Samuel Williams, 123; Thomas WiisAi, 336; 

J 'hn Younglove, 338; Thomas (.') 236, 

383 

Coat of Arms. Coffin, 380 ; Diodate, 166 

Facsimile of Signatures to the Roxbury Petition, 
123 

Faosiraile of th" Petition of Inhabitants of Qua- 
boag (1673) 332 

Maps— Extra^its from maps of Verrazano and Mer- 
cator, 48 

Portraits — EbeneiT Aldeo, 310 ; Jonathan B. 
Bright, 117 ; Samuel Cutler, 213 ; John L. Pey- 
ton, 9 

Seat and Arms of th- CofBn Family, 330 
InscriptM.n^, 263, 323, 325-27, 329 
Items of Kinship from York County Deeds, 383 

Keavne, note, 277 

Kimball, Abigal, query, 280 

Ladd, Joseph, query, 279 

Lee, Francis Lighiioot, letter of (1779), 84 

Lee Family Arms, query, 279 

Letters — 

Ben-diet Arnold (1779), 153 ; (1797), 154 ; (1798). 
155 

Joseph L. Ches-er (1330), 272 

Mrs. Alice Daniell. 32i 

Francis Kirb. (1637),. 369 

Franois l.ightfoot Lee ,1779), 84 

Jean Masear-ne (1637) . 222 

Nicholas Moorey (1719). 230; (1722), 233 

Robert Morris (1776) 8i 

Jeremiah .Moulton (1744), 66 

Edmund Quincy (1777), 39; (1778), 41 

Gov. William Shirley f 1744), 68 

Charles W. Tu tie (1330), 272 
Letters Patent of Deuizatioo, 243 
Letters written durin2 the ReTolutinn, 83 
Le^erett, Gov., was he a Knit-ht? 272, 346 
Library of Hon. William Green, note, 87 
Little fam Iv, query, 279 
L. eke family, 59 
Longevity, note on, 333 
Longmeadow Families, records, 25, 159, 236, 358 

Mascarene Jean, letter of a687),222 

.Maps, (^-b ll/untrationn.) 

Mather. Jeremiih, query, 89 

Mayo, quTv, 89 

Mc .'l-naghsn, William, query, 279 

.Meactiuin, note, 36 

Members of the New England Ristorio, Genealojlo*! 

Society, obituaries of. (See yecroiogy.) 
Memoirs — 

Eben-ier Alden, 310 

Jo&aihaa B. Bright, 117 



General Index. 



Memoirs — 

Samuel Cutler, 313 ■ -- -■- 

John L Peyton, 9 
Men of the Time, announcement of, 3S8 
Menotomy, note, ISi 

Mendon— Who was it3 first Minister 1 157 
Merri;k, query, S9 
Miildleton— announcement of genealogical history, 

2S1 
Miller, Jeremiah, Jr., certificate of, 168 
Mo.->rey, Nicholas, letters <^f. 235 
Morris, Robert, letter of (ITTG), S3 
Moulton, Jeremiah, letter of (17-W), 60 

Necrology of the New England Historio, Genealogi- 
cal Society — 

John S. Abb"tt.a92 

Simeon P. Adams, 390 

John T.Clark. 191 

Kathan Cliff Td. 395 

Joseiih J Co'^k?, 391 

Elias n. Perbv, 19S 

William E. Pu Bois. 394 

Ebenezer T. Farrir.gton, 93 

WiLiam C. F in-ler, 194 

Nathan B. Gibbs, 191 

George F. Gr^y, 9S 

Wl liam Gri^son. 2S7 ' ' 

Charles Hu.ls -n, 395 

John S. Jenness, 197 

James H. Jones, 197 

Silas Ketchum. 196 

Daniel Lar.caster. 95 

Am..s Lawrence, 99 

■William Lawton. 2S8 

William Makepeace. 2S9 

Aaron C. Mayhew, 94 
. Kob-rt Mayo, 9S 

Nathaniel C. Nash. 95 

Edmund B. 0'' alla'::han, 194 

Dana B. Putnam, 195 

Thomas D Quincy, 287 

John Sirjent. 290 

Richard W. Sears, 96 

Henry Smith, 392 

Thomas C. Smith, 193 

Alden J. Spo ner, 394 

■VVilliara B. Sp. oner, 190 

Peleg Sprague, 192 

Alexander Strong, 392 

Leon-ird Thompson, 393 

"VVilli.m H. Tu;hill, 190 

Alexander H. Vii ton, 288 

John A. Vinton, 99 

John Wadd'.n?ton, 195 

Simuel Webber, 2S9 

Henry White, 1S9 

Frederick A. Whitney. 192 
New England Hist'irlc, Genealo/ica! S-Kiiety. An- 
nual Address, 129; Heraldry Committee report, 
272, 345 ; Necrolney of. 91, 189, 253, 390 ; Procetd- 
in^s of. 91, 18% 282, 387 
New Hampshire Bi-Centennial, 184 
Newman, note, 277 
Newton, query, 273 
Notes and Queries, 85, 181, 277, 382 

Obitnary Notices. (See Bio^aphical Sketches and 

fitcrolo^y.) 
Osment, query, 88 
Osaipee Township — deposition of Anna Dyer, 366 

Patterson, Gen. John, query, 183 

Pemberton, qnery, 88 

Peirce. note, 383 

Perly. note, 382 

Petitions. David Mo?5ona In behalf of Philip Eng- 
lish, 163 ; WilUam G.)od, 25^ ; Roibury inhabi- 
tants concerning Harvard Coli-ge, 122 ; Inhabi- 
tants of Qu:iboag, Oct. 10, 1«73, to be made a 
town to be caUed Brookfield, 332 ; Sudbury, 219 



Peyton family, Virginia, 145 

Peyton, John L., memotr of, 9 

Phelps genealogy, note, 86 

Fhill'ips, query, 88 

rierp nt. John, query, 278 

Pike, Major R bert, lai d in Salisbury, 232 

Porter, repiv to query, 281. 385 

Publica;^v-r.s, recent, 112, 209, 364, i08 , . .■:. 

Queries. (?ee JSotes and Queries.) 
Quincy family Utters, 39 

Recent Publications. 112, 209, 304, 403 

Records. Dartmouth, Mass., 32 ; Dorchester, 72 ; 
Gorgeana, 42 ; Longmeadow families. 25, 159, 236, 
366; Roxhury (Church), 21,241; West Spring- 
field. 228, 363 

Richardson, Hon. William A., note on portrait of, 85 

Ridland family, query, 280 

Robins.;n, J.>hi', query, 183 

Rochester (Kingnon. R. I ) Assessments (1687), r29 

Rollins, Eliz-ibe:h. query. 280 

Roxbury Church R-cords, 21, 241 

Roxbury Petiiion, Facsimile of, 123 

Ruggles, Joseph, query, 384 

Ssundersnn, query, 87 

Sears, David, query, 279 

Sharpe, Thomas, notice of, 233 

Shiriey. G.v. William, letter of (1744), 66 

Snellii g, William J., query, 384 

Stone, note, 277 

Sudhurv Document, 218 

Suffnk'Detds. abstracts of, 24-3; Letters Patent of 

Denization, 248 
Swa'l )W, query, 87 
Sweet, query, 89 

Taxes under Gov. Andros, 34, 124 

Temple, query, 183 

Three needles, reply to note, 3S5 

Three years on board the Kearsarge, 341 

Tilden, qu-ry, 83 

Topsfield, Mass , town rate of, 1687, 34 

Towns in the King's Province, 182 

Town Histories in preparation — 

Billerica, Mass., 282 

Boston First Church, 90 

Greene, Maine, 282 

Sledway, Mass., 282 
Town Records. (See Reeordi) 
Tyng, query, 279 

Value of a Pound in Massachusetts and Connecticut 

Colonies at different periods, query. 89 
Virginia Documents, Peyton fimily, 145 

Wakefield Inscription, note. 86 

Walker, Obadiah, query, 273 

Warner, query, 87 

Was Gov. Leverett a Kni.'ht ? 272, 345 

Waterman, queries, 183, 278 

West Spr.iigtield Marriag-.s. 2-28, 363 

Wheeler, Hannah, query, 278 

Who was the first Minister of Mendon ? 157 

White, Hannah, query, 384 

Wilder, Marshall P.. annual address of, 129 

Williams, query, 384 

Windham (Canada), reply, 90 

Wills and other pr.bate records, ibftractg of and ex- 
tracts from. Simeon P. Adams, 390; Ji>eeph J. 
Cooke. 391 ; William L^ke. 63 ; Henry Peyton, 
148 ; Gerard Pevton, 148 ; Valentine Peyton, 147 

Witchcraft in Springfield, 152 

Wiiod. qu*-ry, S3 

Wo'Mibrid;.'e, Mary, query, 183 



Wright Genealo-y, 74 ; query. 



Youngman family, 45 ; query, 89 
York County Deeds, items from, 383 



Index to Suffolk Wills. 



TU 



INDEX TO SUFFOLK WILLS. 

The following is an index to the Wills and other Probate matter on record or on 
file in Suffolk County, Massachusetts, to 1669, abstracts of which have been made 
by William B. Trask, and Samuel G. Drake, and printed in previous volumes of the 
Register. 

Abercromby, David, xii. 275. Acres, Tho- 
mas, viii. 334. Adams, Uenry, Braintree. vii. 
35. Addiiigtou, Isaac, Botton, viii. r**j;. 
Alcock, George, Ilo.xbury, ii. 101 ; vii. .31. 
Alcocke, John, Ro-xbury, physician, xvi. 57. 
Alcocke, Tliomas, Bo^ton. i'x. 344. Allen, 
Bezoune, Hinghara, v. '.iyi' ; viii. 00. Alley, 
Philip, Boston, ix. 13j. Ambrose. Henry, 
carpenter, Hampton, Salisbury, Cliarlestown, 
Boston, ix. 34G. Ames, William, Brajatree, 
ix. 14J. Arnold, John, x. yr.O. Asr\vicke, 
■VVilliam, xv. 73. Astwood, James, Boston, 
vii. 337; viii. 62, 275; ix. 40. Atherton, 
Gen. Humphrey. Dorchester, x. 301 ; xxxii 
197. Atkinson, Thomas, Concord, viii. 57. 
Atwood, Herman, Boston, viii. 57. Avery, 
John, viii. 354; xxxi. 102. Axtell, Thomas, 

Sudbury, iii. 61. Backway, Joiin, Ketcli 

Speedwell, xv. 247. Bacon, Michael, Ded- 
ham, vii. 2-30. Bacon. Rebecca, vii. 30. Bad- 
ditier, Nicholas. Dittisham, Devon, xvi. 233. 
Bagnley, Thomas, Concord, ii. 1.^5; viii. 55. 
Baker, John, Bo-ton, xv. 1J4. Ballard, Wil- 
liam, Lynn, ii. 1S3. Barber, Kichard. Ded- 
ham, iii. 17S; xxx. 201. Barlow, Bartholo 
mew. Boston, ix. 229. Barlow, Thomas, xi. 
39. Barrel!, George, Bo-ton. ii. ■;<'.: viii. 55. 
cooper. Barrel!, John. Bo-t.m, cooper, viii. 
354. Barnard, Nathaniel, Boston, x. s3. Ba-s, 
Samuel, Jr.. Braintree, viii. I'C: ix 22->. Bate, 
or Bates, Elder James. Dorcliester, v. 2'.'7; 
ix. 13'J. Bilherston, James, mariner, xii. 53. 
Batt, Christopher, Boston, x. 2r». Batten, 
Hugh, Dorche.-ter, ix. 'MS. Battile, Battelle, 
Robert, Boston, x. L'o. Baxter, Uresorv, 
Braintree, ix. 13G. Beales, John Hingham, 
ix. 38. Beamsley, William, Boston, ix. 37. 
Beecher, Thomas, Charlestown, vii. 30. Bell, 
Thomas. Boston, ix. 40 Bellow, Robert, 
some time of K. I., xix. 24. Benjamin, John, 
Watertown, iii. 177 ; viii. (Jo. Benjamin, 
Mary, Watertown, iii. \7i. Bennett, Francis, 
Boston, ix. J42. Bennett, George, Boston, 
viii. 59. Bent, Agnes, iii. 267. Bidtield. .>am- 
nel, Boston, cooper, x. S3. Bigg, Rachel, 
Dorcliester, v, 300. Biggs, John, Boston, 
XV. 2.52. Bills, Robert, Churlestown, xii. 54. 
Birch. Thomas, Dorchester, viii. 2«1 ; xvi. 
161. Bird, Thomas, sen., Dorcliester, tanner, 
xvi. 101. Bishop, Henrv, Boston, xiii. 332; 
xvi. Z^8. Bitti.-ld, Elizabeth, widow of .Sam- 
uel, constable, Boston, xx. Z'.O. Bittlestone, 
Thomas, Cambridge, ii. 203. Blacklev, Ed- 
ward, Roxb.irv, vii. 2'.t. Blague-, Blagg", 
Henrv, Braintree, brick burner, xii. i'j. 
Biainrield, ■lle,Taa.-,viii..^5. l:iake, William, . 
Dorchester, xii. 153. Blanchard, William, \ 
Boston, V. 2.;y ; viii. 02. Blauton, Blan- j 
taine, Blanding, William, Bo-ton, carpenter, | 
xi. 172. Blodget, or Blogsett, Cambridsre, i 
ii. 185. Blotfe, Frances, wid(-w, Cambridge, 
Vii. 170. Blott, Robert. Cliarlestown, xv. 73. 
Bosworth. Zacchtus, Boston, v. 443. Bow- 
Btreete, William, Concord, ii. '.iHo. Bovden, 
Thoniiis, B-Jston, Medrteld, xi. .in. Boyse, 
Antipas, lioston, merciiant, xix. .308. Brack- 
et, John, Bo-ton, xv. 2.")0. Ilradish, Robert, 
Canibri.i;.'e. ix. -J.^. Bradford, Alexander, 
iii. M. Jiradley, Joiin, .'^aleni, ii. 1.-5; vii. 32. 
Branch, i'tter, Holden, Kent. ii. 163. Bran- 
don, William, Weymouth, vii. 35, 172. Bray, 
Osmond, Weymouth, vii. 228. Breck, Ed- 
ward, Dorchester, jeoinuu, xL 3.3». Brewer, 



Daniel, Roxbury, vii. I79. Briggs, Clement, 
Plymouth, Dorchester, Weymouth, vii. 233; 
ix.' 347. Briusmeade, William, Dorchester, 
iii. 200; ix. 347. Brocke, Henry, Dedham, iv. 
28S. Browne, Edmund. .Surinam, xv. 252; xvi. 
3:i5. Browne, Grace, widow of James, Bos- 
ton, viii. cS. Browne, James, Boston, vii. 335. 
Browne, Nicholas, Exeter, or that regioa 
{Savaf/e), vii. 174. Browne, Richard, Water- 
town, X. 270. Browne. William, Boston, 
soap boiler, xi. 175. Buckmaster, Joseph, 
JIuddy liiver, xix. 37. Buckmaster, or Buck- 
minster, Lawrence, iii. 178. Buckmaster, or 
Buckminster, Thomas. Muddv River, vi. 353; 
X. 173. Bugbv, Edward. lioxbury, xix. 163. 
Bullock, Edward. Dorchester, vi. 35.3. Bur- 
den. George. Boston, viii. 276; xxxi. lOi. 
Burnell, \Villiam, Pulling Point, Boston, ix. 
2:50; X. 270. Burrell, John, Jtoxbury, vi. 353. 
Burton, Boniface, Boston, x,x 241. Busby, 
Bridget, x. 173. Busby, Nicholas, Water- 
town, viii. 27S. Butland, Thomas, Boston, 
ix. 142. Butler, William, viii. 58. Butoiph, 
Frarye, Hardinge, petition of, 1065, xvi. 100. 
Buttolph. Thotuas, Boston, glover, xvi. loi*. 
Button, Robert, Boston, vii. 3:34. Byam, or 

Byora, Natlianiel. vii. ZV. Cad, liartholo- 

mew, xiii. IJO. Capen, Barnard, Dorchester, 
V. -.^40. Carter, Richard, broad weaver, car- 
penter. Boston, xviii. 156. Carver, Richard, 
Watertown, ii. 20^ Carwithy, Joshua, Boa- 
ten, mariner, xiii. 154. Cave. Ezra, vii. 3.3S. 
Chadwell, Barbara, wife of Thomas, Boston, 
xiii. 331. Chandler, Joseph, xvi. :«5 Chap- 
man, Richard, sen., Braintree, xix. 30*. 
Cheney, William, Roxbury, xvi. 164. Chick- 
ering, Francis, Dedham, ix. 340. Church, 
Richard, Hingham, father of Capt. Bciij.imin, 
xix. 103. Clap, John. Dorchester, v. 443. Clapp, 
Edward, Dorchester, xiii. 152. Clarke, Anne, 
widow, XV. 247. Clarke, Arthur, -alem, xvi, 
233. Clarke, Dennis, ii. .3s6. Clarke, John, 
sen., Boston, chirurgion. xiii. 14. Clarke, 
Robert, Rederife, Eng., niariner, xi. 109. Cle- 
mens, John, seaman, v. ^yj; ix. 141. Cloade, 
Andrew, Bo-ton, wine cooper, xiii. 333. Cod- 
dingtou, John, Boston, ix. l:iO. Coggan, 
John, Boston, ix. -35 ; .xii. 54 ; x. 175 ; 
xxxi. 100. Coggan. Mrs. Martha, Boston, x. 
175. Colbron, Colborne, Celburn, William, 
Boston, xi. 174. Cole, ."^amuel, Boston, inn- 
keeper, xv. -^49. Collier, Tlioma-', lliiisham, 
vii. 17:'.; x. ^■<. Cornntoii. Au-aii!ja!i. xiii. 153. 
T'o.ike, Thomas, Wat.-rtown, vii. :i4. C^.'jper, 
-Aulhonv, Hiu,''iani, vii. -J') Cooper. B-i!Ja- 
niin, .»alem, vii. jy. Cooper, Joiiii, Wey- 
mouth, v. 3o:(; viii. 62. Cotton. John. Bostoii, 
V. 240; viii. 128t'. Cotton, Sarah, Boston, ri. 
289. Coytmore, Thomas, ( harle-town, vii. 32; 
viii 57. Cromes, Samuel, iii. 178. (.'romwell, 
'Ihomas, Boston, iii. 2's; xxxi 175. Cruse, 
Richard, xxx. bo. Cullick. Joliii, Hartford, 
Boston, xi. i38. Custiiiig, 3Iatthew, Hing. 
ham, X. 173. Damerilf. Humphery, Bos- 
ton, ix. 229. Dane, John, Roxbury, ix. 
37. Davenport, Capt. Richard, salem, xvi. 
233. Davis, George, Bo-ton, v. 300 : ix. 
35. Ditvis, George, bouiei for Cape Fear, 
xvi. 54. Davis, James, Bo-ton, niariiier, 
ix. .340. Davi.s, Itice, i.T. „'M ; xxxi. 105. 
Davis, Richard, Dorcliester, xi. 3;J9. Da- 
vis, WUliam, V. 298; ix. HI. Deil. George, 
Bost.on, V. 142 ; xi. 38. Denning, William, 



Index to Suffolh Wills. 



Boston. V. 303 ; viii. IQ.Sj". Dennison, Ed- 
ward, Roxbury, xviii. 3,!6. Lknton, Hicti- 
ard, Dorchester, i.\. Ml. Dickermiin, Tho- 
mas, tailor, Dorchester, ix. 344. Dixer, 
Dixey, Samuel, xi. iro. Dod. George, Bos- 
ton, mariner, xii. Iri4. Douglas, Henry, Bos- 
ton, xvi. t:;;r. Douine-', Daniel, xix. Itio. l)ove- 
nies, Daniel, xii ol. Iniuker, Philip, Charles- 
town, vii. lO'J. Da.ilt-v, Tnoinas, Kxeter, v. 
444; ix. 136. Dudlev,' Thomas, K.ixburv, v. 
295; viii. K'Sx. 1.) wight, .John, lA-dhaiii, x. 

263; xxxl. ir^S. Katon, .John, IieJliam, ix. 

38. Edinsell, Edsall, ur Edseli, Thomas, 
Boston, viii. 276. Edwards, I'liilip, Dor- 
chester? xiii. 337. Edwards, Robert. Con- 
cord, viii. 57. Eire, Pinion, Bo>ton, i.t. 3'J. 
Eire, or Eyre, Sinion. Jr., Bo>t')n. viii. IJSj:. 
Ellen, >'iciiolas, Dorchester, xix. 3ii. Elliott, 
Jacob, iv. 53, Bo-ton, x. -'t;3. Elliott, 3Iar- 

fery, X. .302; xxx. 205. Elliott, I'liilip, li^x- 
ury, viii. 2S1. Emmons. Martha. Boston, 
widow of Thomas, xv. ;vjl. Emmons. Tho- 
mas, Boston, cordwainer, xii. ;U5. Endicott, 
John, sen., late of .Salem, now of Bo-ton, 
xr. 126. Endicott, Joliu, son to (_;nv. .lohn, 
XTi. 333. Ethriugton, Ihuma-, Newichewau- 
nock, xvi. 162. Evans, David, Bi^stun, xi 
344. Evan^ Richard, Durcliester, .xi. 341. 

Everell, Abiel, Bo-toii, s. 2i;s: xxxi. 17S. 

Fairbanks. Jouatliau, Dedliam, xix. 32. 
Farnworth, Jorepli, Dorclie?ter. ix. 140. 
Faulkner, Thomas, Boston, ix. 2-J5. Fawer, 
Barnabas, Dorehe>ter and Boston, v. .305; ix. 
i:i5. Faxon, Thomas, Jr., liraintree, xi. .342. 
Fayerweather, Thomas, Boston, vii. .30. Fear- 
ing, Jolin, Hingharu, xiii. 331. Fermace, 
Formais, Vermaes, Alice, Salem, viii. 217. 
Field, William, xiii. 332. Finson, Thomas, 
iii. 79. Fisher, Elizabeth, Dedham, viii. 5*. 
Fisher, John, Medtield, xix. 34. Fitchew, 
Peter, Boston, viii. 55. Flacke, Cotton, Bos- 
ton, viii. 353. Fletcher, Edward Badgedcn, 
CO. Gloucester, xvi. 231. Flint, Kev. lienrv, 
Braintree, xviii. 327. Flood, Kicliard (.S'ar- 
age, Floydj, Boston, xii. 50. Follett, Wil- 
liam, Oyster River, vii. ;).3«. Foote, Joshua, 
Loudon, Ro.xbury, i'rovidence, v. 444; i\. 137, 
Franklin, John, ix. 344; xx.ti. 107. Franklin, 
William, of Boston, d. in London, ix. 344. 
Frothingham, William, Charlestown, xxx. 

?t)i. Fry, William, Wevmouth, ii. 385. 

Gallop, Christobel, widow of John, Dorciies- 
ter and L. I., v. 444. Gallop, John, Boston, 
▼ii. 227, 22^. Gamlen. Robert, Koxbury, xii. 
274. Garrett, Robert. Boston, xviii. 327.' Gar- 
rett, ^Villiam, Loudon, mariner, xv. 252. 
Gary, or Geary, Arthur, itusbury, xv. 248. 
Gatline, or Galtlite, Thomas, Dorchester, 
miller, xiii. 9. George, John, ^Vatertown, 
vii. 172. Gibbons, Jotham, Bermuda and 
Boston, ix. 34t). Gibbons, Margaret, widow 
ofMaj. Gen. G, ix. .340. Gi^.bons, Maj. Gon. 
Edward, Charlestown, viii. :i70. Gibson, 
Robert, Boston, ix. 347. Gill, Arthur, Dor- 
che-ter, vii. :«-S: viii. :'hj6; ix. 228: xxxi. 102. 
Gillett, Jellett, John, Bo-ton, xiii. 156. Glad- 
man, Elkana,xvi. 50. Glover, Henry, Jled- 
field, ix. 1.35. Glover, John, Bo-ton, v. 301; 
Tiii. 351. Glover, llrs. Mary, Dorchester, x. 
174. Glover, Nathaniel. Dorchester, ix. 2.30. 
Goldstone, Ann, wid. of Henry. Watertown, 
Tiii. 57. Goodale, Klizabetli, Xewbury, vii. 
170. Goodrich, William, Watertown, viii. 
67. Goodyear, Samuel, via. j75. Gore, John, 
Roxbury, viii. 2*^2 ; xxxi. 104. Go-se, John, 
Watertown, viii. 56. Gould. .larvi^, Boston, 
Lc. 2-i.j. Gove, John, CharU-towii, vii, 170. 
Grave, .Tohn, I{o\bury. iii. ji.'i; viii. 56. Gray, 
Peter, Braintree, xii. 53. Greene, J<jlin, Kox- 
bury, vii. 30. Grn-H, or Grise, Charles, Brain- 
tree, xii. 273. Gritfln, Thoma.s, New London, 
Stonington, x.35J: xxxi. 176. Griggs, Alice, 
Boston, xii. 48. Gri/gs, George, Boston, ix. 
343. Griggs, Humplirtv, Br-.iintree, ix. 343. 
Griggg, Itiomaa, Roxbury, vii. 35. Grim- 



stone, ilargaret, widow, Boston, vii. 173. 
Grocer, Thomas, London, England. Roxbury, 
xiii. 155. Grosse, Edmund, Boston, i.\. 135. 
Grosse, Isaac, Bo-ton, vii. 22S ; xii. 273. 
Grosse, Widow, viii. 1-j8j:. Gulliver, Tho- 
mas, Braintree. xii. 154. Gurney, John, 
Braintree, xii. 51. Guy, .Mr. viii. 5!.t.' Hag- 
borne, .-umuel, Roxbury, ii, 2ril. Halstead, 
Natlian, Concord, viii. 56. Halsted. Wil- 
liani, Concord, iii. 177; vii. 3.!. Unnbur/, 
William, Boston, vii. 231. Hand,-. .Alark, 
Boston, nailer, xiii. 9. Uanniford, John, 
Boston, mariner, siii. 14«. Harbor, John, 
sen., Braintree, xxx. 4S3. Harder, or Hardier, 
Elizabeth, Bralnlree, xiii. 12. Hardier, Rich- 
ard, Braintree. viii. ;J52; xxxi. 105, Hardino', 
Abraham, Dedham, vi, 35. Harding, Wil- 
liam, Fayal, merchant, svii. .346. Harlacken- 
den, Roger, EarL-colne, then Cambridge, ii. 
181. Harrod, James, son of William, Bidde- 
ford, CO. Devon, .xii. 345. Harvey, Joseph, 
EarlAolne, Essex (S'^fivi^^e), ii. 1?1. Harvey, 
William, Boston, ix. 346. Haugh, or Housh, 
Susan, widow of Atherton, Boston, vii. 336. 
Haule, Samuel. Charlestown, vii. .30. Hawes, 
Richard, Dorchester, ix. 1-38; xi. 342. Hawes, 
Robert. Roxbury, xv. 251. Hawkins, Atirasa, 
vii. 170. Hawkins, Thomas, shipwlight, 
Cluirle-town, Dorchester, Boston, ix. 343. 
Hayward, William, Braintree, i.x. 346. Haz- 
ard, John, xii. 50. Heath, Isaac, lioxbury, 
X. 2&4. Heath, Widow Elizabeth, Rnxbury, 
xiii. l.JO. Heath, William, Roxburv, iv. 2i'0. 
Heaton, Natlianiel, Dedham, xiii. .337. Her- 
sey, Williim, Hingliam, viii. 354. Heylett, 
Edmund, Deptford. co. Kent, England, x. 359. 
Hibbin-i, Ann, widow of William, Boston, vi. 
2>3. Hill. John, Boston, vii. .35. Hill, John, 
Dorchester, blacksmith, xii. 346. Hill, John, 
late of Barbadoes, vintner, xvi. 3-34. Hills 
(Ties, Eles) Richard ii. 10-2; vii. ,30. Hobart, 
Elisabeth, Bu-ton, iii. 77; viii. 55. Holland, 
John, Dorchester, iv. 287. Holley, Samuel, 
Cambridire, ii, 3t!5: xi. 172; xxx. SI. Hollo- 
way, William, ISoston, xiii. 156. Holman, 
John, Dorchester, v. 242; viii. 60. Holman, 
John, Jr., Dorcliester, ix. 142. Holmes, 
George, Roxburv, vii. 30. Holmes, or Homes, 
William, Plymouth, Boston, vii. 230. Hol- 
yoke, Edward, Lynn, Ruraney 2^Iarsli, ix. 345. 
Homes, David, xvi. 52. Huuchins. Thomas, 
xii. 52. How, Edward. Watertown, iii. 77; 
viii. 60. Howing, or Howen, Elizab>th, wid- 
ow or wife of Kooert, Boston, vii. :>'.». How- 
sen, Capt., viii. 59. Huhbard, Elizabeth, 
widow, Boston, iii. 77; viii. 55. Hubbard, 
Peter, Barbadoes, mariner, xv. 74. Hudson, 
Mary, Boston, iv. 54. Hudson, Ralph, Bos- 
ton, iv. 53. Hull, Robert. Boston, .xv. 322. 
Uunne, George, Boston, vii. 31. Humfrey, 
Jonas, Dorchester, tanner, xi. 37. Huinphe- 
ry, Jane, widow of Jonas, Dorchester, xviii. 
3JS. Humphreys, William, Boston, viii. Vzhx. 
Hunt, Tiiomas. Boston, ix. 22'.'. Hunt, Su- 
san, Sudburv, vii. T',-,'. Hurst, G<^odmaii, prob- 
ablyof Bo-ton, viii. 354. Hutchinson, Samuel, 
Boston, xvi. :W1. Irons, lues, Innes. Mat- 
thew, Boston, xi. 36. Ivey, James, Brain- 
tree, viii. l-'8uJ. Jacob, Nicholas, Hing- 

ham, viii. 280. Jarrett, Richard, viii. 57. 
Jarvis, John, Boston, merchant, xii. 50. 
Jempson, or Gimson. James, Bo-ton, xi. 341. 
Jewell, Samuel, Boston, ix. .343. JeweU, 
Thomas, Braintree, v. :aH. Johns. William, 
Hingham, xii. 54. Johnson, John, P.oibury, 
ix. r24. John-on, Margaret, widow, Hing- 
ham, x. 84. John-on, Samuel, Lx. '2-^7. Jon"-!, 
Alice, widow of Itichard. Dorch-ster, viii. 
55. Jones, Samuel, Dorcher^ter, x. 300. 
Jones, Rice, Boston, xi. 175. Jones, Thomas, 
Dorchester, xv. 325. Jone.i, Timothy, Dor- 
chester, v. 298. Jordan, James, Dedham, r. 
<4l. Joice, or Joice, William, Boston, vii. 

175. JudsOD, Samuel, Dedham, viii. 2e0. 

Kane, Ezra, viii. tiax. Keayue, Capt. Rot)- 



Index to Suffolk Wills. 



ert, Boston, vi. 89, 152 ; sxii. 105. Kelly, 
David, Boston, xii. 51. Keraon. James, it. 
^-t>. Keuniilge, Matthew, Boston, ix. HI. 
Kent, Jo-hua, Uedham, xiii. 13. Kibbv, 
Henry, Dorchester, x. 3ii0. Kimball, Honrv. 
>Vaterto\vn. vii. Vi. Kintr, Uorothv, Wev- 
mouth, V. 2.i9; viii. (-0. King. Tliomas. Wa- 
tertown. viii. 56. Kingman, Tliomas, Wev- 
mouth, xvi. 2>C. Kinssburv, John, Dedham, 
X- irt3. Kingsbury, Margaret, Dedluira, xi. 
40. Knieht, Robtrt. Hamiitnn and Boston, 
V.44-,'. Kniglits. Athagoc-a. iii. ?1. Knower, 
Ihomas, Cliarlestown, iii. SO. Koker, 

hamuel. ix. 142 Lamb, Thomas, Rox- 

Dury, viii. 56. Lamson, Barnabas, Cam- 
bridge, ii. 104. Lane, James, Plvmouth 
(Eng.), Boston, carpenter, xi. Vi.' Lane 
Sampson, xv. 123. Lane, William, Dorches- 
ter, V. .304; viii. 270. Laiier. Mar'^-rv. 
Dorchester, xiii. 13. Langer, lii.-UanI, Hin'ir- 
ham, X. 209; xxxi. irS. Leadi-r, Thomas, 
Boston, xii. 156. Leager (Lesare), Jacob, 
Boston, xi. 340. Leehford, Thomas, Boston, 
first Boston lawyer, xxx. 201. Levens, Le- 
vins, or Leavens, Jotin, Roxbury, vii.' 175 
Leverett, Mr. Thomas, Boston, vii" 234. Lim- 
brey. John, mariner, xi. 169. Lincoln. Rob- 
ert, Winnisemet, xii. 154. Lincoln, Stephen, 
Eingliam, ix. 340. Lincoln. .•Stephen, sen., 
Hingham, ix. .38. Lisle, Lvall, Loval. Mrs. 
Alice, xvi. 335. Locke, Pliilip, ix. 22G. Lon^ , 
Philip, Boston, vii. 234: ix. 225. Looman, 
Anne, Wtvmouth, ix. 142. Lorin?. Thomas, 
Hull, X. 270. Levering, John, Watertown, 
iii. 79; xxx. 79. Low, John, Boston, viii. 
128y. Lowell, John, Xewbury, vii. 35. Lud- 
kin, George, Braintrep, vii. 175. Ludkin. 
Wilham, Hinffham, viii. 5^. Luson, John, 

Dedham, i. 2i'.7 ; xxxi. 17's. '^lakepeacf, 

Thomas, Dorchester, xv. 323. Slnnnini. Wii- 
liam, sen., Boston, xv. 123. Marsh, (feor^'e 
Hingham, vii. 36. Marsh, Thomas, Hiiig- 
ham, i\. 39. Marshall, John, Barnstable, 
England, xii. 52. Marshall. Thomas, xvi. 163. 
Martin, Lewis, x. 87; xxxi. .321. Masters, 
John, Cambridge, ii. 180. JLather, Increase 
Boston, v. 445. Mather, Rf^v. Richard. Dor- 
chester. XX. 241,248-255. Mathue, Dorman, 
als. Mahoone, Boston, xi. 342. .Alattocke, 
James. Boston, cooper, xv. 3J5. Mattox, or 
Mattocks, David. Braintree and Roxbury, 
viiL 276. ilaverick, Sanuul, Jr., Boston, .xii. 
155; xvi. .333. Mavuard, Klias, ,<idmouth, co. 
Devon, England, viii. Vl^w. Mavnard, John, 
carpenter, Dorchester or Boston, ix. 347 ; 
xxxi. 175. Mayo, .<amuel, mariner, xiii. .3.32'. 
Mead. Gabriel, Dorchester, xvi. 163. Jleares, 
John, Boston, xii. 15-3. Mears, Robert, Bos- 
ton, tailor, ivii. .345. Mellowes. Oliver, Bos- 
ton and Braintree. xxx. 78. Mellows. Abra- 
ham, Charlestown, viii. 58. .Alellows. Ed- 
ward, Charlestown, vii. .334 Merrick, Eliza- 
beth, widow of Jolm, Hingham and Roxbu- 
ry, vii. 2.32. Merrick, John, Hinjrliain, vii. 
17-3. Merrv, Walter, Boston, shipwriL'ht, ix. 
2-30. Metcalf, 3Iichael. Dedham, vi. 172; viii. 
128U7. Milam, Mvlam, Milom, Humphrev, 
Boston, XV. 326; xvi. ,56. .Miller, Robert. 
Concord, vii. .35. .\[ills. John. Bo-ton, iv. 2^5; 
vii. 336. Miriarn, or -Meriam,.rosepli, Concord. 
ii. 1&4. Modfsly, Cicily, or .^isilv. widow of 
John, xi. 170. .Modesiv, John, Dorchester. 
xi. 170. More, Jeremiali, Boston, vii. 2.34. 
MorrilL Isaac, Roxbury, xi. .35. .Morse, John, 
Boston, viii. 275. Morse. Josrph, Dorches- 
ter, viii. 277; xxx. 433. .Alorsp, .<amuel, .Med- 
field, V. 299; ix. 141. Jlunnings, Mahalaleel, 
Dorchester, X. 176. MunninL's. fit-.^rtre, ^Va• 
tertown, viii. 3.^4. Munt, or .Mount, Thorn;' s, 
Bo.ston, mason, xii. ;;4'i; xvi. 162. .Mussi-U, 

Thomas, iii. 179. N'annv, Robert, Boston, 

xii. 1.55. Naulton, .^arauel, ix. 136. Nelson, 
Thomas, Rowley, iii. 267. Xewborry, Tho- 
mas, Dorchester, vii. 29. Newgate, or Xew- 
dlgate, Boston, merchant, xiii. 3:J3. Nichols, 



Slordecai, Boston, mariner, xii. .344. Nor- 
ton, John, Boston, xi. 342. Norton, Richard, 

Boston, ix. 229. Oliver. John, Boston, iii. 

2bu; VII. 35; xii. 53. Oliver, Samuel, Boston, 
vin. Vl>w. Oliver, Thomas, Boston, viii. .351. 
Orgrave, .*.nn, x. 173. Osborne. William, 
Boston, xi. 345. Otis, John, Wevmouth, 
vui. 279. Pacv, Mrs. Sarah, ix. 34x'. Fad- 
dens, Thomas, ix. 220. I'addv, William, 
Boston, vii. 339: viii. 3.55; xxxi. .321. Paine, 
Mr. John, .xvi. :i34 Paine, JIosos, Braintree, 
ii. 263. Paine, Tobias, Boston, from Jamaica, 
xix. 310. Paine Thomas, mariner, xviii. 154, 
Paine. William. Boston, x. .85. Palmer, Abra. 
ham, Charlestown, vii. .3.38. Palmer, Walter- 
Charlestown, Stonington, xi. 3'J. Palsgrave- 
Anna, Roxburv, widow of Riciiard, xix. 307. 
Parill, Edward, Watertown, viii. 56. Park, 
man. Elias, Dorchester, Windsor, Boston, 
mariner, xii. 50. Pavton, Bezaleel, Boston, 
vui. 5s. Peacocke, William, Riixbury, x. 267. 
Peake, Christojjher, Roxbury, xv. 126. Peake, 
Thomas, ix. .347. Pears, John, Boston, Dor- 
chester. X. .359. Pearse, George, Boston, a 
smith, xi. 342. Pearse. Robert, Dorchester, 
xiii. 154. Pease, Henry, sen., Boston, xxx. 
202. Peirse, William, Boston, x. .360; xxiii. 
319. Pell, Joseph, Boston, vii. 2.34. Penni- 
man, James, Boston and Braintree, xiii. 151. 
Penny, Henry, ix. 348. Perrv, John, Roxbu- 
ry, ii. 260. Phillips, George, Watertown, iii. 
78; viii. 55. Phillips, .Susanna, wife of Wil- 
liam, Charlestown, v. 447. Phippenv. David, 
Hinsnam, vii. 2-33. Pig, Thomas. Roxbury, 
iii. 78; x. ISO. Pitcher, Andrew. Dorchester, 
X. 266; xxxi. 177. Pitts. Eliz.abeth, Wey- 
mouth, IX. 1.35. Plimpton, or Plvmpton, 
Henry, Boston, v. 239 : viii. 60. Ponii, Jona- 
than, Cambridge, vii. .3.38. Pond, Robert, 
Dorchester, vii. ZO; xii. .345. Poole, Edward, 
Newport and Weymouth, xiii. 12. Poole, 
.'^amuel, Weymouth, xx. 241. Pope, Jane, 
Dorchester, xi. .3.39. Pope, John, Dorchester, 
vii. 229. Potter, William, Roxburv, v. :i01; 
ix. 140. Powning, or Pounding, Henry, xvi. 
228. Pratt, John, Dorchester, vii. 30. Pren- 
tice, Robert, Roxburv, xvi. .3:34. Priest, 3Iar- 
garet, ix. .347. Proctor, Georse, Dorchester, xi. 

173. Purton, Elizabeth, vii: 2.33. Ratchell, 

or Rachell, Boston, ix. .347. Rawlins, Jasper, 
Roxbury and Boston, xvi. 50. Rawlins. Tho- 
mas. Boston, ix. 226. Raves, .Simon, Brain- 
tree, vii. 32. Read, Thomas, ix. .348. Rey- 
nolds. Rubf-rt, Boston, ix. 137. Rice. Philip, 
"'"^'on, tailor, xiii. 3:iS. Richards, Thomas, 



Weymouth, vii. 



Richardson, Ezekiel, 



A\oburn, vii. 172. Ri?by, John, Dorchester, 
VII. 170. Ripley. William, Hingham, vi. a54. 
Roberts, Joiin, Roxburv, vii. .3-37: ix. 142. 
Roberts, Thomas. Boston, viii. 277. Robin- 
son, Elizabeth, xviii. l.J6. Robinson, John, 
V. .302. Robinson, Nathaniel, Boston, xviii. 
153. Robinson, Samuel, Boston, xii. 51. 
Robinson, Ihomas, Boston, xv. 123. Robin- 
son. William, xii. 50. Rockwood, Anne, 
■Braintree. xiii. 333. Rockwood, Rockett, 
Riciiard, Braintree, Dorchester, x. 174. Rog- 
ers, Deacon .John, Wevmouth, x. 265; xxxi. 
177. Root, Ralph, Boston, xv. 76. Row, 
Mose-, Boston, xii. 52. Rowell, Thomas, 
Boston, vii. .339. Ruck, Thomas, Boston, 
innholder. xviii. 325. Kucke, Thomas, Jr., 
Boston, V. 295. Rudick, Ruddock, or Ruddvk. 
Jollitf, Bo-ton, vii. 170. Ruggk-s, George, 
xxxi. .321. Ruggles, John, Boston, ix. 1.38, 139; 
sen. xii. .343. Rucgles, Thomas, Itoxbury, iiL 

265. Iius«ell, Henry, Weymouth, ii. 262. 

Saltonscail, Rob't, U'atertown.vii. 3;j4. Sam- 
son, John, ilarlik'head, viii. 356. Samuel, 
.John, Boston, mariner, xii. 52. Sandbrooke, 
1 nomas, Boston, vii. 176,227. Sand vs. Henry, 
Boston, vii. 335; viii. 58. Sargent.' Stephen, 
Boston, vii. XM. Satell. or Sawtell, Thomas, 
Boston, iv. 2sO ; xxx. 204. Saunders, Mar- 
tin, Boston and Braintree, currier, x. s7. 



Index to Suffolk Wills. 



Scarbarrow, or Scarborough, John, Roxburv, 
viii. 56. Scott, Robrrt, Boston, viii. Jrri. 
Scottow, Thomas, I?o^ton, joiner, x. oG-'. 
Sears, JIarv, wife of U.iniel, IJostou, viii. 57. 
Sellick, David, Boston, vii. :;:5s; ix. HI. 
Sharp, Robert, Braiutrce and Muddy River, 
viii. -J?;; X. 64; xxxi. 10-3. >haw. .\braham, 
Dodhara, ii. 1^0. Sliaw. Jo<epli, Weymouth, 
V. 303; viii. oo3. Sliepardsm, Daniel, Charles- 
town, vii. .S-,', 171: xxx. SI. ^lieppard, John, 
Braintree, viii. 5?. Stieafe, .Jacob, Boston, 
X. S3. Sherman, lUehard, Boston, i\, 'SZT. 
Sherman, Samuel, Boston, Lx. UJO. Shrimp- 
ton, Edward, Beduall (Jreene, eo. Middlesex, 
xi. 170. Shrimpton, Henry, Boston, brazier, 
XV. 76. Shute, Robert, Boston, vii, :;3j. Simp- 
kins, Nicholas, Boston, ix. iJo. Simson, or 
Simpson, John, W'atertown. viii. . do. Skinner, 
Edward, Cambridge, ii. Iu3; iii. 61. Smead, 
Widow, Dorchester, i,x. 344; xx.x. 7'J. Smith, 
Alice, xii. 345. Smith, Ch^i^tophe^. Ply- 
mouth, CO. Devon. England, ix. :2JS. Smith, 
James, Kehoboth, or Seacuncke, vii. :!3r. 
Smith, Lawrence, Dorchester, xiii. :>:;7. 
Smith, Mr. Ralph, x. -.iij'j. Snell, John, Bos- 
ton, shipwright, xix. KA. Snooke, Jana-s, 
AVeymouth, v. 441. Snooke, Margaret, wid- 
ow of James, Weymouth, ix. 'JJS. Snow, 
Thomas, Boston, barber, x.x. 240. Sowther, 
or Souther, Nathaniel, Plymouth and Bos- 
ton, ix. 135. Sparrowhawk. Nathaniel, Cam- 
bridge, vii. 175. Spicer, Stephen, Barbadoes, 
merchant, xvi. 3JJ. Spyers, John, Boston, 
v. Hi. Stanley, Christopher, Boston, iv. hi. 
Stapell, Staples, or Staple, Jett'ery. xxx. 
201. Starke, Robert, Concord, viii. 5'7. Starr, 
Comfort, Boston, ix. 'iii. Starr, William, 
mariner, Devonshire, xvi. lOi!. Stebbins, 
Martine, x.xxii. 317. Stevens, George, Bos- 
ton, v. 445. Stevens, Jeremiah, Boston, xii. 
275. Stevens, William, Lx. Tii; xx.ti. 104. 
Stockbridge, Joliu, Boston, viii. 3VJ. Stod- 
der, John, Hing lam, xi. 35. Stone, John, 
Hull, xii. 273. Stonnard, or Stonhard, John, 
Roxbury, vii. 2i0. Stoughton, Israel, Dor- 
chester, iv. 51; vii. 333. Stower, Amy. wid. 
of Nicholas, Charlestown, viii. 50. Stower, 
Nicholas, Charlestown, iii. 17J. Strange, 
John, Boston, ix. 230. Streame. Thomas, 
"Weymouth, xi. 173. Sumer, Abigail, late 
wife of Thomas Sumer, deceased, iii. iO. 

Sweete, John, Boston, vii. 3:;S. Tailor, 

Nicholas, iii. 203. Tay, orToy. John, Boston, 
ii. 104. Taylor, John, Wevmouth, xviii. 327. 
Thaxter, Thomas, Hingham, viii. Vi^ic. 
Thayer, Cornelius, Weymouth, xii. 54. Thay- 
er, Thomas. Braintree, shoemaker, xiii. 335. 
Thomas, Evan, Bo-ton. xi. :',■>. Thorner, 
Henry, Piscataque. xi. 2'2'J. Thornhili, Capt. 
Thomas, Boston, x. 175: xxxi. 175. Thorn- 
ton, Peter, Boston, viii. 57. Toung, or Tong, 
Capt. James, Boston, vi. 2S4. Tre-cott. 
Thomas, Dorchester, ix. 142. Travegoe, 
Thomas, mariner, Dartmouth, co. Devon, .xi. 
40. Trusler, EUnor, Salem, xxxi. 103. Tuck- 



er, John, sen., Hingham. x. 2(i9; xxxi. ITS. 
Turner, Isabel, Dorchester, .x. 200: xxxi. 17S. 
Turner, JetTery, Dorchester, v. 305; viii. ;V)4. 
Turner, Robert, Boston, shoemaker, iv. :;S5. 
Turner, Robert, Boston, inuholder, xiii. 11. 
Twitchell. Joseph. Dorchester, ix. 344. Tyiig, 
Capt. William. lioston, viii. 02; xxx. 4:i2. 

Upsall, or Upshall, Nicholas, Dorchester 

and Boston, xv. 250. Utting. Anne, Ded- 

ham, ii. 1S3. Vermaes, or Vermaves, see 

Fermace, Alice, viii. 277. Wales, Nathan- 
iel. Boston, ship carpenter, xi. ICO. Wah's, 
Nathaniel, sen.. Boston, weaver, xi. 37; 
xxxii. 321. Walker, Thomas, Boston, brick- 
burner, ix. .347. Walter. Richard, Mardeu, co. 
Kent, Eng., vii. 337; viii. :>jO. Waltham, Wil- 
liam, Weymouth, ii. 103. Ward. Benjamin, 
Boston, ship carpenter, xviii. 154. Ward, 
3Iary, widow of Bt-njamin, Petition, xviii. 
154. Ward, Marv, widow of Benjamin, 
Will, xviii. 155. Warden, William. Boston, 
xii. 275. Warner, Thomas, Boston, fisher-- 
man, ix. 34>. Weale, William, iii. 179. 
Weare, William, Boston, viii. :553. Webb, 
Heiirv, Boston, merchant, x. 177. Webb, 
liebeiica. v. 303: viii. .350 ; xxxi. 104. Webb, 
Richard, Wevmouth and Boston, ix. 13j. 
Weebon, or AVebon, Stephen, d. Boston, ix. 
o4S. Weeks, Geome, Dorchester, vii. 334. 
Weld, Daniel, Braintree and Roxburv, xvi. 
■50. Weld, Joseph. Roxbury, vii. 33.' Wev. 
borne, or Wyborne, Thomas, Boston, vi. 2-U. 
AVeymonth, Jonathan, ii. 203. Wheatley, 
Gabriel, Watertown, iii. 79. Wheeler, Roger, 
Boston, xi. 341. Wheeler, Thomas, Boston, 
v. o'}o; viii. 276. White, Charitv, Boston, 
x. 265 ; xxxi. 17S. White, James. Barba- 
does, merchant, xvi. 22S. Wisht, .Jolin. Med- 
tield, viii. 276. Wilkie, John.' Boston, x. -OJ ; 
xxxi. 178. Willbore, Samuel, Tauutou, vi. 
2'J<J. Williams, John, Roxbury, ix. 140. Wil- 
liams, Nathaniel, Boston, glover, x. 270; 
xxxi. 17S. Williams, Thomas, Boston, iii. 
ISO. Willis, Nicholas, Boston, vii. 2.34. Wil- 
son, Edward, Bo-ton or Roxburv. vii. 30. 
Wilson. Rev. John, Boston, xvii.'343. Wil- 
son, Richard, Boston, v. 305; viii. 277. Wil- 
son, Thomas, Exeter, ii. 3j4. Wilson, Wid- 
ow, Braintree, xii. 5 «. Wing, Robert, Boston , 
iv. 54. Winthrop, Jtr. Adam, Boston, viii. 
50. Winthrop, John, governor of 3Iass., vii. 
175. Withington. Henrv, Dorchester, xvi. 
52. Wolcott, ilr. [John], Cambridge or Wa- 
tertown, vii. Zi). Wood, Edward, Charles- 
town, iii. 81. Woodcock, Jane, widow, xv.70. 
Woodcock. Richard, Boston, xvi. 54. Wood- 
mansey, Robert, Boston, xvi. 55. Wood- 
ward, Ralph, Hingham, xii. 52. Woodward, 
Robert, carpenter, Boston, viii. 128(/.'; xiii. 
10. Woodward, Thomas, Nevis, xx. 240. 
Woodv, John, Roxburv. vii. 234, 3iS. Woody, 

Richard. Roxbury, vii. .330; ix. 346. 

Yard, Edward, tisiierman, near Dartmouth, 
Devonshire, xviii. 158. 



THE • , •• ' 

HISTORICAL A}JD GENEALOGICAL 
REGISTER. 



JANUARY, 1881. 



SKETCH OF THE HOX, JOHN HOWE PEYTON. 

By Col. J. T. L. PRiisTox, Profe^=or of Modern L^inijiin^es, Sec, in the Virginia Military 
In;t;:u:c, Lexington, Va. 

ri ''HE late John H. Peyton. Esq., of Staunton, Va., was one of tlie 
jL finest specimens tliat we have ever known of the complete Uvr- 
yer. During tlie prime of life he pursued his profession with a 
laborious assiduity rarely equalled, and though as age advanced 
upon him he remitted his etibrts, he did not discontinue his prac- 
tice until a short time before his death, which occurred April 3, 
1847, in the 69th year of his age. None of his contemporaries 
secured a more ample reward in either reputation or pecuniary 
emolument. 

We have spoken of Mr. Peyton as a complete lawyer. Law, 
as a practical profession, has several departments, and it is not un- 
usual to see a lawyer distinguished in some of them, with a com- 
pensating deficiency in others. Some practitioners are successful 
collectors ; some are much esteemed as judicious advisers in matters 
not strictly legal : some are favorite advocates, with a subdivision 
into those who are influential with the court, and those who are per- 
suasive before a jury ; some are designated good judges of law, or, 
in other words, safe counsellors, and of some the forte is Common 
Law Practice, while others are distinguished as chancery lawyers. 
The organization of the courts in Virginia, and the nature of the 
business, at least in the interior, requires every lawyer to enter 
upon the whole of this miscellaneous practice ; and it is not to be 
wondered at that some, even good lawyers, are not equally strong 
in every part. Mr. Peyton knew every part of his profession tho- 
roughly. He had studied diligently as a student ; he had known 
the expectant struggles of the young practitioner ; he had practised 

VOL. XXXV. 2 



10 Sketch of the Hon. John HoiKe Peyton. [Jan. 

under the old svstem hcfore the reorganization of the judiciary, and 
afterward.- under the new; he had met in eoutest the =^tro;-.L.v.t men 
in each department of the profession, and he hud made ln'OMit a 
champion in all. AVe may J^dd that some lawyers who exhi at liie 
hi-hest skill in securing the rights of their clients, are tooh^aly ig- 
noi-ant of their own : In other words, they let slip the i;ur. v.^ll 
earned profits of their profession— n.^t so with ^Ir. Peyton. iU^. 
knew the value of his professional services: he gave them_to_ tne 
fullest extent to those who applied for them, and then he insisted 
upon just remuneration. W<? notice this point, not at random, but 
to present a feature belonging to tiie character of the complete 

lawver. t^i • 422 

The characteristic of Mr. Pevton's life was ethciency. Ihis etti- 
ciency had for its elements B^fitive vigor of intellect, great resolute- 
ness of character and coura-eous self-confidence, ample and tlu-rough 
acquirements and the quicb^ess, precision and dexterity of action 
that belong onlv to those who have been taught by a varied experi- 
ence to understand thorougMy human nattire. In conversation ^iv. 
Pevton was readv, entertaining and mstruetive. But conversation 
was not his forte, though he Vas fond of it. He was not liu.-nt, 
his manner was sometimes tD.!> direct for the highest style of poa.hed 
social intercourse of a sfenerai nature, and besides he had a remarka- 
ble way of induldn- in a str/in of covert satirical banter, when his 
words woidd be s^o much at v-triance with the expression ot his coun- 
tenance, and particidarly witli the expression of his mouth, that the 
hearer was ol\en in an uncomfortable state of uncertainty how to 
take him. His person was large, and his bearing dignified but not 
o-raceful. His manner was iinafFected, but not without formality, 
Sor was it perfectly concilkiory. Some styled him aristocratic, 
while none could deny that his self-respect and confident energy 
crave an imperious cast to \h demeanor. We have ottener than 
once thought applicable to Mm, in a general way, those lines ot 

Terence : 

" EUum, confident, catiis, 
Cum fiiciem videas. ^idetur esse qaantivis preti. ^^ 
Tristie severitas iness in voltu, acque in verbis fides. 

His voice was true and dear, and capable of sufficient variety, 
but whhout a sinole musical intonation, and a little sharper than 
you would expect to hear from a man of his size and form. It it is 
asked what was the stvle of his speaking, it may be replied— just what 



.^i^dit be expected to'lxdong to such a man as he has been described,^ 
that i« to sav, never was the speaker a more complete refl.:Ction or 
the man than in his case. We cannot believe that any one who 
knew him was ever surprised when they heard him .speak ; what he 
said was just what they woul<] expect him to say. Tins is often the 
case vN-ith speakers and writers, but not always. Energy, reality 
and efficiency were his characteristics as a man, and equally so as a 



m 



1881.] Sl-efc/i of the Hon. John Iloire Pe>/(on. 11 

speaker. Distinctness of conception lay at tlic foundation of liis excel- 
lence. Some great speaker?, sumc even preeminently o-reat speak- 
ers, not unfrequently hurl unf,.r-ed thunderbolts. Thev feel the 
maddening impulse of the god, but give forth tlieir utterances be- 
fore the true prophetic fury comes on. 

^Ir. Peyton's mind was no sybiTs cave, whence came forth Avind- 
diiven leaves inscribed with mighty thoughts disposed bv chance, 
but a spacious castle, from whose wide open portal issued men at 
arms, orderly arranged. He had hardly o])ened his case, when the 
hearer was aware that he had thought over the whole of it, had a 
given course to pursue, and would "close when he came to the end 
of It. This distinctness of conception comprehended the subject as 
a whole, and shed its light upon each detail bclondng to it. Thic; 
ensured the most perfect method in all that he said". Before he 
began to speak he had determined in his own mind, not onlv the 
orJir of the di.Tcrojit parts of iiis discourse, but also their relative 
importance in producing the general impression. Hence he was 
never led away by the tempting character of anv peculiar topic, to 
expatiate upon it unduly ; he did not take up matter irrelevant to 
the case because it might touch himself personallv ; he never spoke 
for those behind the bar, nor did he neglect to secure the fruits of 
victory in order to pursue an adversary "to utter discomfiture. Pie 
spoke as a lawyer, he spoke for the verdict, and expected to i^ain 
It f>y showing that he was entitled to it. Some speakers hope 
to accomprk^h tlieir object by single, or at least, successive 
mipulses — now a clinching argumentative question, now a burst 
of brilliant declamation, and now a piece of keen Avit, or a 
rough personality. Such speakers forget, or do not know, that a 
jury may admire, may be diverted, and even moved, without being 
won. He that gains the verdict must mould, and sway, and lead"^ 
and this is to be effected by continued persistent i)ressure, rather 
than by to2irs deforce. This Mr. Peyton knew well, and observed 
It with perfect self-conmiand. His hearers came a^vay satiafied with 
the whole, rather than treasuring up remarkable points and pas- 
sages. Let it not be supposed, however, that he was a cold speak- 
er, who treated men as mere intellectual machines, to be set in mo- 
tion by the pulleys, screws and levers of logic. Far from it ; he 
understood human nature well, and knew the motive power of the 
feelings ; but then he knew, too, that the wav to excite the most 
effective sympathy is not to make a loud outcrv, but to m;;ke a 
i"vrilh:^ exhibition ..f real sutiering— that the i>est wav v> r.ni.M' 
our indignation against fraud, deceit, or oppression, is nJt to exh(jrt 
us to hate It, but to show its hatefulncss. One of his most di.-tin- 
guished cotemporaries upmi the earne circuit Avas celebrated lor his 
poAvers as a criminal advocate; his manner was obviouslv upon 
the pathetic order, and perhaps a trifle too declamatory. We have 
seen them in tlie same cause, arid have thought that if the eloquence 



12 Sketch of the Hon. John Iloioe Peyton. [Jan. 

of Gen. Briscoe G. Baldwin flushed the countenance quicker, 
the earnestness of Mr. Peyton stirred the heart deeper. Of the 
oratory of a class of speakers by no means rare (not, however, in- 
cluding in their class tiie distinguished jurist above alluded to), it 
has been well said, "declamation roars while passion sleeps;" of 
speaking justly characterized by this line, Mr. Peyton's was the 
precise reverse. AVith him thought became passionate before the 
expression became glowing, as the wave swells before it crests itself 
vrith foam. 

Mr. Peyton's language was forcible, pure and idiomatic. It 
served well the vehicle of his thoughts, but contributed nothing to 
them. There is a real and legitimate advantage belonging to^the 
masterly use of words, of wHch many great speakers" kn^ow well 
how to avail themselves. 

Mr. Peyton attempted nothing of the sort. His diction waa 
thoroughly English, with a marked preference for the Anglo-Saxon 
branch of the language, and his sentences came out in^he most 
natural order with unusual clearness and vigor, but not unfrequently 
with a plainness that bordered upon homeliness. His btyle, how- 
ever, was always that of speaking as distinguished from mere con- 
versation — a distinction which some of our modern speakers forget, 
when in order to appear at their ease, they treat with no little dis- 
regard not only the rules of rhetoric, but 'the rules of grammar as 
well, and use words and phrases which are (to take a °word from 
the vocabulary we are condemning) nothing better than slang. 
On the contrary, there was in Mr. Peyton's style the fruit of 
early studies and high-bred association, a classical "tinge, extreme- 
ly pleasant to the scholar, though perhaps not appreciable by those 
for whom he generally spoke. It must not be supposed, from what 
has been said of his excellent method, that he resembled in this re- 
spect some of our able but greatly tedious lawyers, who take up in 
regular succession every possible point in the case, however minute, 
and worry us by officiously offering help where none is needed — so 
far from it he showed his consummate skill as well in what he omit- 
ted as in what he handled, and, as a general thing, his speeclies were 
shorter in duration, and yet fuller of matter than those of his oppo- 
nent. ^ His use of figurative language was easy and natural, and 
not stinted ; but his figures were always introduced as illustrations 
and not as arguments. It is not unusual to meet witli a speaker who 
is unable to enounce distinctly the general principle he wishes to use, 
throw^ out an illustration to enable himself to pick out the principle 
from it, or at least to give his hearers a chance to do it for them- 
selves ; not so with ^Iv. Peyton. He held up the torch of illustra- 
tion, not to throw a liglit forward to guide himself in his own in- 
vestigations, but to enable those following tlie more readily to tread 
the road along with him. He iiad a very noticeable fondness for 
recurring to the primary fundamental principles of morals, and 



1881.] Sl'etch of the Hon. John Howe Peyton. 13 

doubtless he was restrained, by his practical judiciousness, from in- 
dulging this disposition to the full. One of his favorite books was 
Lord Bacon's Essays, and under other circumstances he might him- 
self have been a distinguished moral essayist. 

As may well be supposed, his general strain Avas grave. The 
high idea he entertained of the dignity of his profession, and the 
earnestness with wliich he gnve himself to it, alike precluded either 
levity or carelessness. However, he was fully able, quite ready 
upon occasion, to avail himself of a keen wit, that was all the more 
effective because it was dry and sarcastic. It occurs to us to men- 
tion an instance well known to his circuit, not illustrative of his 
severity but his pleasantry. In a criminal prosecution, he, as prose- 
cuting attorney, vras opposed by two gentlemen of ability, whose pa- 
thos had been so great as to draw abundant tears from their own eyes. 
One of them, a gentleman who has since filled a distinguished na- 
tioiial positiT^n (Hon. Alexander H. PI. Stuart, Secretary of the 
Interior of the United States, 1850-3), was noted for the facility 
witli which he could cover over his brilliant eloquence with the 
liquid varnish of his tears. On this occasion he had been singularly 
lachrymose, and supported by his colleague in the same way, the 
sensation produced was very considerable. Mr. Peyton commenced 
his reply by regretting the disadvantage the commonwealth labored 
under in being represented by him who was a very poor hand at 
crying, and certainly was not able to cry against two at a time. 
The hidicrousness of the expression completely neutralized the pa- 
thos of his opponents. He was not averse either to a bit of farce 
now and then, as is shown by a story told of him. In a remote 
part of the circuit a lawyer wished to adorn a moving passage of a 
speech he was just rising to make, with an apposite example, and ap- 
phed to Mr. Peyton, setting beside of him, to help him to the name 
of the man in the Bihle who would have his pound of tlesh. "With 
imperturbable gravity he answered Absalom I The effect of thus 
confounding Shakspeare and scripture may be imagined. 

AV'e have said that ^Mr. Peyton was thoroughly furnished in every 
part of his profession ; in one department his qualifications were 
peculiar and unsurpassed. "Without disparagement to otliers, it 
may be said, we think, that he was the l;est commonwealth's attor- 
ney in the state of Virginia. He was the lawyer of the common- 
wealth, and he treated the commonwealth as a client, and labored 
for her with the same industry, zeal and fidelity that he manifested 
in behalf of any other client. The oft-quoted merciful maxim of 
the common law, " better that ninety and nine guilty men should 
escai»e than one innocent man should sulfer,"' he interpreted as a 
caution to respect the rights of the innocent, and not as an injunc- 
tion to clear the guilty, and he labored to reduce the percentage of 
rogues unv.'hipt of justice as low as possible. With a clearness and 
force rarely equalled woidd he point out the necessity of punishing 

VOL, XXXV. 2* 



14 .V Sicetch of the Hon, John Howe Peyton. [Jan. 

the guilty in order that tlie innocent might be safe, thus exhibitin^j 
the absohite consistency of strict justice witli true mercy. So sim- 
ply and earnestly would he do this, that he not only bound the con- 
sciences of the jury, but also made them feel that they were indi- 
vidually interested in the faithful execution of the laws. Here hia 
clear perception of the moral princi'ples upon which rests the penal 
code, and his tondncss for recurring to general principles, stood him 
in great stead. It was delightful to hear him expatiate upon this 
theme, for upon no other Avaa he more truly eloquent. 

Mr. Peyton served at ditTerent times in both branches of the leg- 
islature, but we speak not of him as a politician. Our purpose has 
been solely to exhibit some of the qualities which made him an emi- 
nent member and ornament of the legal profession. 

To this sketch may appropriately be appended the leading inci- 
dents in the life of !Mr. Peyton, and the views entertained of him 
by a few of his coteraporaries, who have reduced them to writing. 
He was born at Stony Hill, Stafford County, Virginia, April 3. 
1778. After having received the elements of education in Frede- 
ricksburg, he entered the University of New Jersey, Princeton, 
where he was graduated in 1797, and received from that insti- 
tution the degree of A.M. He returned to Virginia and studied 
law under Judge Bushrod Washington, of the Supreme Court 
of the United States. Though pursuing a laborious course of 
legal reading, he continued to cultivate the taste for literature 
with which his parents had inspired him, and soon acquired the 
notice of the able and learned men of Fredericksburg and Rich- 
mond by the extensive and varied knowledge he displayed in his 
conversation. In 1800 he commenced the practice of the law 
at Fredericksburg, and almost immediately obtained an oppor- 
tunity, in defence of a man charged with murder, of exhibiting 
his rare powers as an advocate. New opportunities for distin- 
guishing himself were soon offered, and in the course of two 
years he was in full practice and his services rewarded by a 
handsome income. In 1804 he married Susan, daughter of Wil- 
liam S. Madison, a niece of James Madison, D.D., Bishop of Vir- 
ginia, and cousin of James ^ladison, fourth President of the United 
States. In 1806 he was elected a member of the House of Dele- 
gates from his native county, and served until 1810 with distin- 
guished ability. He entered the legislature as the friend of James 
Madison, and advocated the foreign and domestic policy which after- 
wards guided Mr. Madison's administration as President of the 
United States. From the first he was regarded as a brilliant de- 
bater, and at the end of his first session it was the general opinion 
that he had no superior in the state as a parliamentary orator. Dur- 
ing his term of service he wrote and pressed to adoption a series of 
resolutions upon the attitude of the state of Pennsylvania with refer- 
ence to an amendment of the constitution of the United States pro- 



1881.] Sketch of the Hon. John Howe Peyton. 15 

viding a tribunal for settling disputes between the state and federal 
judiciary. "So able and important," says Judge John II. McCue, 
"were these resolutions, as to attract the attention of the leading 
statesmen of the nation, and to guide every other state in opposing 
the efforts of Pennsylvania. In the memorable discussion between 
Daniel Webster and Gen. Haync of South Carolina, ^Ir. Webster, 
in his second speech iu reply to Hayne, referred to and quoted Mr. 
Peyton's resolutions, and declared that they were so conclusive of 
the question as to admit of no further discussion." [See Webster's 
Works. Vol. III., pp. 352-54.] "Mr. Webster was so much im- 
pressed with jNIr. Peyton's ability," continues Judge McCue, " that 
meeting Daniel Sheffey, long one of Virginia's representatives in 
congress, he asked, 

"Do you know Peyton, of Virginia, the author of the resolutions 
passed by your legislature in 1810, on the subject of the federal and 
state juflicinry?" 

"Yes," replied Sheffey, "he is the leader of my circuit." 

" I am not surprised to hear it," rejoined Mr. Webster. 

" No," said Sheffey, " he is a sound lawyer, who unites to vigor- 
ous judgment and sterling abihty intense study and vast learning." 

"Is he a speaker?" inquired Mr. AVebster. 

" Not in the popular sense," said Sheffey ; " he is not a florid 
speaker, indulges in no meretricious display of rhetoric, but tho- 
roughly armed in the strength of his knowledge, research and cul- 
tivated ability, without effort he possesses gigantic power, and by 
it has risen to the head of the profession. And he is not only a 
great, but a good man." 

" It is a misfortune that such a man had not been sent to Wash- 
ington long ago," said Mr. W. ; "he would have maintained Vir- 
ginia's intellectual supremacy and by his sound statesmanship have 
enhanced her influence." 

In 1809-10 ]Mr. Peyton removed from Fredericksburg to Staun- 
ton, owing to protracted ill health (he had suffered for years with 
chronic dysentery) , and to accept the responsible office of Pubhc 
Prosecutor in the Augusta, Albemarle and Rockbridge district. The 
late Judge Archibald Stuart met Mr. Peyton in Richmond in 1809, 
and was so much struck with his energy and ability, that he not 
only tendered this appointment to him, but persistently urged its 
acceptance. For over thirty years Mr. Peyton discharged the duties 
of this office, and one of his biographers, a former member of the 
Virginia bar, says that " his fame as a prosecutor of the pleas of 
the commonwealth has never been surpassed, if equalled, in Vir- 
ginia. On this field he achieved triumphs of the most brilliant 
kind." This writer continues : 

His pride in his profession, and the great principles of right and justice 
underlying it, no less tlian his inborn contempt for cliicanery and fraud, not 
to speak of crime in its grosser forms, combined to make him a " terror to 



16 Sketch of the Hon. John Iluwe Peijton. [Jan. 

evil doers." Some critics, even among the profession, sometimes were dis- 
posed to censure him as too iiarsh and unrelenting towards the prisoner at 
the bar. But if every circuit throughout our hind possessed at this day so 
able, fearless and conscientious a prosecutor as did the Augusta and the sur- 
rounding circuit at tliat happier day in our history, perhaps we might tind 
less cause to deplore the depravation of the public morals which so painfully 
marks tlie i:re;ein era. 

Ir woaid be a h:ii:iug and very defective sketch of this eminent jurist 
which failed to speak of his striking orirjiaaUly. Negatively speaking, 
there was little or no common-place and hum-drum in his forensic argu- 
ments, his debates in the senate, or his addresses from the hustings to his 
constituents. In a positive sense his speeches, at least on great occa-ions 
and when his powers were t]ioroughly roused, rarely tailed' to be marked 
by some flash of genius. I recall a conversation just after the close of a 
protracted and laborious June term of the Augusta Circuit Court, in which 
the late Judge Lucas P. Thompson and Gen. Briscoe G. Baldwin bore the 
leading parts. The last named was paying generous tribute to Peyton's 
force and originality. Judge Thompson remarked in substance that he had 
never seen Mr. Peyton go through a cause deeply interesting and moving 
him in which he did not utter some view or sentiment illuminated bv geni- 
us, or, at the least, some illustration marked by a bold originality ; 'and he 
instanced two causes tried at the late term — one a civil suit and a very 
heavy xcill case, in which he made a novel and scorching application of a 
familiar fable of ^Esop. I forbear to give its details, because both the critic 
and his subject have passed from earth. 

In the same cause three signatures were to be i-lentified and proved — 
that of the testator and also of the two attending witnesses — all three hav- 
ing died since their attestation. 3Iany witnesses were called to prove the 
genuineness of the three names. Opposing counsel souirht to badirer the 
witnesses by urging them to specify what peculiar marks there were'' in the 
handwriting and signatures, whereby they could speak so positively as to 
their identity and genuineness. This of course, for the most part, they 
could not do, and in the argument of the cause before the jury, the same 
counsel strove to throw diacrediiand contempt upon those witnesses (all men 
of good character) for their failure and inability so to describe the quality and 
peculiar marks in the calligraphy of the signers as to show they v/ere famil- 
iar with their handwriting. In his reply to these sallies of his opponent, Mr. 
Peyton swept away the whole airy fabric by a single hai)py illustration. 
" Gentlemen," he said, " you have often been assembled in crowds upon 
some public or festive occasion- Your huts have l)een thrown pell-mell in 
mass with perhaps a hundred other hats, all havu)g a general resemblance. 
Suppose you had attempted to describe your hat to a friend or servant, so 
that he might go and pick it out for you. It has as many points for accu- 
rate description as a written sigiiature — its color, height of crown, width of 
brim, hniug, &c. Do you think that friend or servant could by any possi- 
bility have picked out your hat for you? And yet when you went yourself, 
the moment your eye would light upon it you instantly recognize it amongst 
a hundred or five hundred other hats. Familiarity with it has stamped its 
picture on your mind, and the moment you see it the hat Jilh 'ind jits the 
picture on your mind as perfectly as the same hat fits your head." The 
jury were evidently won and gave full credence to the ridiculed witnesses. 

The other instance during the same term (cited by Judge Thompson) 
occurred in the celebrated prosecution of Naaman Roberts for forgery — 
in forging the name of Col. Adam Dickinson to a bond for §G00. 



1881.] Sketch of the Hon. John Hoice Peyton. 17 

Tlie body of the bond was confessedly the handwriting of the prisoner at 
the bar. That was admitted. The signature was a tolerably successful 
attempt at imitating the peculiar handwriting of Adam Dickinson. But no 
expert could look at the whole paper and fail to see a general resemblance 
between the body of the instrument and the signature, raising a strong con- 
viction in the mind that both proceeded from the same hand. 

The defence strongly insisted ufton excluding the body of the instrument 
from the view of the witness, by coveriug it with paper, or turning it down, 
and so confining the view to the signature onhj — upon the familiar doctrine 
of the law of evidence forbidding a comparison of the various handwritings 
of the party, as a ground for an opinion upon the identity or genuineness 
of the disputed writing. And this point was ably and elaborately argued 
by the prisoner's counsel. 

The learned prosecutor met it thus : 

" Gentlemen, this is one entire instrument, not two or more brought into 
comparison. Let me ask each one of you when you meet your friend, or 
when you meet a stranger, in seekiog to identify him, what do you look at ? 
Not his nose, though that is the m»st prominent feature of the human face 
— -not at his mouth, his chin, his c'ueek ; no, you look him strai"-ht in the 
eye, so aptly called ' the window of the soul.' You look him in the eye, 
but at the same time you see his whole face. Now put a mask on that face, 
leaving only the eyes visible, as the learned counsel would have you mask 
the face of this bond, leavmg you to view only the fatal signature. If that 
human face so masked was the face of your bosom friend, could you for a 
moment identify him, even though ]>ermitted to look ia at those windows of 
his soul? No, he would be as strange to you as this accursed bond haa 
ever been strange to that worthy gentleman. Col. Adam Dickinson, but a 
glance at whose face traces the guilty authorship direct to the prisoner at 
the bar." 

This most striking illustration seemed to thrill the whole audience, as it 
virtually carried the jury. 

Mr. Peyton never was a politician. His taste and predilection lay not 
in that direction. But no man was better informed of the course of pub- 
lic affairs, nor had a keener insiglit into the character or motives of public 
men. Once, and so far as I knew once only, did he participate in the de- 
bates of a Presidential canvass. It was the memorable one of 1840 ; and 
the speech was delivered from the Albemarle hustings. His analysis of the 
political character of Martin Van Buren, and his delineation of his public 
career from his desertion of De Wiii Clinton down to his obsequious ingra- 
tiation with Andrew Jackson, was incisive and masterly, and all the more 
powerful and impressive because pronounced in a judicial rather than a par- 
tisan temper. Competent judges, long familiar with the very able ha- 
rangues and debates on that rostrum, declared it one of the ablest that had 
been listened to by any Albemarle audience. 

Of his services in the Virginia Secate, I need only say, what every one 
would naturally expect, they were most valuable from that enlightened con- 
Bervatism in the prevention of crude and vicious legislation. In the last 
session of his first term in the senate a vigorous etlbrt was made for the 
passage of a stay-law rather than an increase of taxation. 

It hardly needs to be said that he opposed the former and sustained the 
latter measure with all the vigor of \m honest and manly nature. Nor could 
he ever have looked with any patience upon that brood of enactments since 



18 Sketch of the Hon. John Howe Peyton. [Jan. 

his day— the stayof executions, homestead exemptions, limitation-, upon ^ales 
of property, et id omne genus, professedly passed in the interest of the poor 
and the laboring man. yet in fact more detrimental to that class than to any 
other, and most damaginor to the credit of the state al)road. 

Let me .^ay in conclusion that the person and iiirure of 3Ir. Peyton were 
fine and commanding. His carriage was always erect, his head well iioi^ed 
onhis shoulders, while his ample chest gaye token of -rcat yif.Iify On 
nsmg to address court or jury, there was so.nething mo^re than cunmonly 
impressiye in his personal presence, and whetlier clad in '• Vir'-nrii home- 
spun or EngHsh blue broadcloth with gold buttons (and I have'ofteu seen 
him m both) wheneyer you saw him button his coat across his breast and 
slowly raise his spectacles to rest them on the lofty crown, you mi-dit con- 
fidently expect an intellectual treat of no mean order. ' "^ 

There neyer was a broader contrast presented in the same person than 
that between Howe Peyton the lawyer, the Public Prosecutor, or eyen the 
senatorial candidate amongst the people, and the same indiyidual in hi. own 
home. Here, in the midst of his family, or surrounded bv friends all the 
rigor of his manner relaxed, and he was the model of an 'affectionate hus- 
band and father and the most genial of companions. He was " ^iven to 
hospitality, and there was perhaps no mansion in all this foyored" reaion 
7tTl\TZ' T'^ generously and elegantly dispensed, through many ye^xrs, 
than at " Montgomery Hall." .? .. ' 

,, ^V^^Tn ^^\^f2-15 he served Ayith distinction as major on 
theetaftofGen. llobertPorterfield, and on his return ^ya5 chosen 
mayor of the city of Staunton, and served till 1817. 

From the close of the ^yar he gave his entire ener-ies to the nro- 
tession. Durmg this time the distinoui,l,inc, peculiarities ..f his 
mte ect made themselves more manifest. It ^yas observed that 
mallot his investigations his philosophical mind rose abr.ve the 
technicalities of the system of common hxw to the consideration of 
general principles, and he was never more eloquent than wiien ex- 
patiating upon those principles which lie at the foundation of all 
duty, and are equally applicable to all its forms. 

In 1822 Mr. Peyton married his second wife, Ann :\Ionto-omerv 
daughter of Col. John Lewis, of the Sweet Sprin-s, bv'his wife 
xMary, a daughter of Col. William Preston, of Smithtield." To her 
warm affection, which was displayed in the care of his only son 
and child by his first marriage, William .Madison Peyton, and as 
the companion of his long life and the mother of a risin- family he 
owed for many years that domestic happiness which %v^as the diief 
solace of his life, and from which he allowed no public honors 
wholly to withdraw him. 

In 1836 he was elected state senator for the Au-usta and Eock- 
bridge district, and served after a second election till 1845, when he 
resigned the position on account of his declining health. 

He addressed the following letter to his ^constituents on this 
occasion : 



1881.] Shetch of the Hon. John Howe Peyton. 19 

Fdloio Citizens : — The terra for wliicli I was elected your senator^ is 
drawing to a close, aiul as it is not my intention to become again a candidate 
for your suffrages, I feel it a duty incumbent ou me to apprize you of it 
thus early, that you may have full time to select for yourselves a suitable 
successor. 

In taking leave of the district I tender you my grateful acknowledg- 
ments for the distinguished honor which you conferred upon me four years 
ago by electing me to the station I now occupy. AYhilst acting in the dis- 
charge of the duties devolved upon me by this elevated trust, it has been 
my anxious desire to promote your immediate interests and the general 
welfare of my native state. That such is the opinion of my constituents I 
have not had the slightest reason to doubt. Under such circumstances it 
would be both my pride and pleasure to again serve you were it not for 
my peculiar situation. 

I have now arrived at that period of life when the quiet and repose of 
the domestic fireside are much better suited to my taste and more conge- 
nial to my feelings than the arena of politics and the strife of parties. Be- 
sides this I have duties to discharge to a young and growing family incom- 
patible with a longer continuance in public life. 

I have felt the less difficulty in coming to this conclusion because I know 
that I can do so without injury to tlie wiiig cause or wliig principbjs, in the 
success of which the people of mv district feel so deep an interest. Iheir 
intelligence furnishes ample assurance that my place will be filled wisely 
and judiciously ; and that they vrill call into their service some one fully 
competent to the discharge of all the high duties of the station, and who 
will devote himself to tlie fui'tlierance of those great principles and sound 
measures of public policy which in the enlightened judgment of my con- 
stituents lie at the basis of all national prosperity. 

Your fellow citizen, 

John H. Peyton. 

The Richmond papers and those of the state generally expressed 
their great regrets at his retirement ; the " Whig " of Richmond re- 
marking " that not only the [)eo{)le of his district but of Virginia gen- 
rally w(juld see with profound regret Mr. Peyton's purpose to retire 
from the public councils." "The abstraction," continued the ^^ hig^ 
"of his great abilities, large experience, legal and general know- 
ledge, moderation, firmness and courtesy, from any legislative body, 
would be seriously felt ; and where can there be found a man worthy 
to be his successor ? " Notwithstanding his declining to be a candi- 
date, the people of the district, unwilling to lose his services, in- 
sisted upon his consenting to serve again, and three candidates who 
had announced themselves, learning that if returned he would serve, 
withdrew from the canvas, and Mr. Peyton was elected without op- 
position. During this term he was prostrated by an attack of paraly- 
sis, and resigned his position as soon as he had sufficiently recovered 
from it to understand Its serious nature. 

In 1840 he was one of the Board of Visitors to the U. S. ^lili- 
tary Academy at West Point, and wrote the able and instructive 
report of the board for that year. He had previously served on 



20 Sketch of the, Hon. John Hoice Peyton. [Jan. 

several boards, and was for over ten years President of the Court 
of Directors of the Western Virginia Asylum. 

On the first of June, 1844, lie resigned the office of attornev for 
the commonwealth for the county of Augusta, when this order was 
made by the Court : 

AcGusTA County Court. 
First day of the June Term, 1844. 

John Howe Peyton, Esq., who has acted as Commonwealth's Attorney 
in this County for thirty-two years, having this day resigned said otflce, the 
justices of the County in full session at tlieir June termrdo with unanimous 
consent express their high sense of IMr. Peyton's long and valuable ser- 
vices. They add a wiUing testimony to the distinguished abilitv, tideHty 
and zeal with which he has guarded the interest of the CommonweaU.h 
within the limits of the County, to his impartiality, prudence and firmness 
as a Public Prosecutor, and the commendable courtesy which has marked 
his intercourse with tlie Court, as becoming a public olficer and a represen- 
tative of tlie Commonwealth. 

And it is tlie order of the Court that this testimonial, as an additional 
tribute of respect, be spread upon the records. 

^ Immediately after his resignation he was sworn on the commis- 
sion of the peace, but never took part in the proceedings of the court. 
He retired to his estate of ^Montgomery Hall, Augusta county, Y^., 
and died there on the 27th of April, 1847. It may be truly said of 
him that there was no one in his public or private relations who 
was more loved, more honored, or more mourned by those who 
knew him best. 

He left by his first marriage an only child, the late Col. William 
Madison Peyton, of Roanoke, a man eminent for his talents and 
acquirements, who served the state with great advantage to the 
public as delegate in the legislature, as state proxy in the James 
Eiver and Kenawha Company, and in other stations. 

By his second marriage he left two sons and eight daughters, who 
have married into the leading families of Virginia. His elder son 
by his second marriage is Col. John Lewis Peyton, ex-Confederate 
States Commissioner to England,* author of " The Americmi 
Crisis, or pages from the note-booh of a State Agent during the 
Civil War in America;'" " Over the Alleghanies and across the 
Prairies" &c. ; and other popular works. 

• Tlie late W, Hepworth Dixon, author of " New America," etc., and long editor of the 
Athen(Eum, said of Col. J. Lewis Peyton, that " he ivus the ahlest of the able men sent bv 
the South to represent its cause in Europe, and thourrh unrecosiiized by the British fov- 
ernnient, he rendered nnoiliciully signal service to his countrj'." Col. Pevton lin"rred in 
England many ye;irs alter the wax, dieercd bv the respectful consideration and triendly 
esteem extended towards him by all classes, particularlv persons of literature and science, 
and Lis departure for America wa-s regretted as a general loss to societ/. 



1881.] Bev. John EUoCs Record of Church Members. 21 



THE REV. JOHN ELIOT'S RECORD OF CHURCH MEMBERS. 
ROXBURY, MASS. 

Transcribed by William B. Trask, Esq., of Boston. 

A recorde of such as adjoyned themseh'es vnto the 
fellowship of this Church of Christ at 
Roxborough : as also of such children 
as they had when they joyned, & of 
Euch as were borne vuto them 
vnder the holy Covenant of 
this Church, who are 
most pperly the 
seede of this 
Church, 
he came in the first m' William Riuchou,* he was chosen an Assistant yearelv 
K;^"o^ie'ofthe so long as he lived among vs : his wife dyed soone after 
first fouudation he lauded at 2s. Eng: he brought i children to JN.E. Ann, 
KocicsbrS;'' Marv, John, :Margret. After some years he married 
m"' "Francis Samford. a grave matron of the church at 
Dorchester. When so many removed fro these parts to Plant Conecicot 
riv' he also w'" oth' company went thith', & planted at a place called Aga- 
wam. & was recoineiided to' the church at Windsor on Conecticott, vntiU 
such time as it should please God to pvide f they might enter into church 
estate among themseh-es. his daughter Ann: was married to m' Santh, 
6oue to m' Samford by a former husband, he was a Godly, wise young 
man, & removed to Agawam w"^ his parents, his daughter mary was mar- 
ried to m' HoUioke, the sone of m' Hollioke of Linn : m' Pinchons ancient 
freind. 

Afterwards he wrote a Dialogue concerning Justification, w^^ was Print- 
ed anno IGoO, stiled The merito'rious price, a book full of error & weaken', 
& some heresies w'='^ the Generall Court of y" Massachusetts Condemned to 
be burnt & appointed m" John Norton then Teacher at Ipswich to confute 
y* errors contained thei-ein. 
W Thomas Welde 

William Denuison, he brought 3 children to N.E. all sons ; Daniel, Ed- 
ward, & George : Daniel married at Newtowne. & was joyned to the church 
there he afterwards removed to the church at Ipswich. [The rest of the 
paragraph has been cut out by some mutilator. See Register, xxxui. 
238,'and note.] 

Thomas Lambe, he came into this land in the yeare_1630 he brought 
his wife & 2 Children Thom.a3 & John: Samuel his B'^ son was borne about 
the 8"^ month of the same yeare 1G30 & baptized in the church at Dor- 
chester. Abel his 4'^^ son was borne about the G'*^ month 1633. in Rocks- 
bury. Decline his first daughter was borne in the 2^ month 1637. Benja- 
min his 6' child was borne about the S*^ month 1C39 of w-^" child his wife 
died & the child lived but few hours. 

* See Memoir of William Pynchon, by the late Chables Steaens, of Springfield, 
Mass., Registeh, xiii. 2!39-9o. 
VOL. XXXV. 3 



22 



Bev. John EUoCs Becord of Church Jleynbcrs. [Jan. 



He afterwards married Dorotliy Ilarbitle a gorily nuiiJe a sister of o" 
church : Caleb his tirst borne by her, & his 7"' child was borne about the 
midle of the 2'^ month 164:1. 

SaiTiuell TTakeman. he came to N.E. in the 0'^ month. 1C31. he buryed 
his only child at sea : he was one of the first foundation of the church at 
Rocksbry Elizabeth his first borne here was borne about in the yeare. 

William Parke, he came to N.E. in the 12*'' month. 1630. a single man, & 
was cue of the first in the church at Rocksbrough : he afterwards married 
Martha Holgrave, the daughter of IIolgr;fvo of Sale, he married the 

month 

Thomas Raw lings, he brought 5 cliildren to this Land. Thomas, marv. 
Joane. Nathaniell. John, he came w* the first company : 1630 
Robert Cole, he came w"" the first company. 1630. 
John Johnson 
Robert Gamliu scnio"". 

Richard Lyman, he came to N.E. in the 9' month, 1631. he br-ought 
children : Phillis. Richard Sarah. John, he was an ancient christian, 
but weake, yet after some time of tryal & quickening he joyned to the 
church ; w° the great removal! was made to Couecticot he also went, & 
ynderwent much affliction, for goeing toward winter, his catle were lost 
in driving, & some never found agaiue ; & the winter being could & ill 
pvided, lie was sick and melancholly, yet after he had some revivin^s 
through Gods mercy, and dyed in the yeare 1640. 
Jehu Bur. 

^ William Chase, he came w*'' the first company, 1630 he brought one child 
his son willia. a cliild of ill qualitys, & a sore affliction to his par1;nts: he was 
much aftlicted by the long & tedious affliction of his wife ; after his wives 
recovery she bare him a daughter, w'^ they named mary borne aboute the 
midle of the 3"^ month. 1637. he did after y' remove intending to Situate, 
but after went w"" a company who maide a new plantation at°yarmouth 
Richard Bugby. 
Gregorie Baxter. 
Francis Smith. 
John Perrie. 

_ John Leavens he arrived at N.E. in the veare 1632. his wife lay bed- 
rid divers years, after she dyed he marled Rachel write a Godly m/aide a 
memb' of o^ church : John, his first borne, was borne the last of the second 
month ano. 1640. 

M"' Margaret Welde the wife of m' Thomas Weld. 
Sarah Lyman, the wife of Richard Lyman. 
Elizabeth Lambe the wife of Thomas Lambe. 
M' Richard Dutner. 
William Talmage. 

John Carman, became to N.E. in the veare 1631. he brou-ht no 
Ciiud— : his first borne John was borne the 8' of the o' mouth K'y.l. his 
daughter Abigail was borne on the 5' month; 1C35. his 3^^ child Caleb w^as 
borne in the first of the first month : 1639. 
Elizabeth Wakeman, the wife of Samuell Wakeman. 



1881.] Bev. John ElioCs Record of Church Members. 23 

Bur. the wife of Jehu Bur. 

Thomas "Woodforde. a man servant, he came to. N.E. in the yeare. 1G32. 
& was jo^vned to the church about halfe a yeare after, he afterwards maryed 
mary Blott. & removed to Coneoticott, & joyaed to the church at Hartford. 

Marjery Hafiioud a maide servant, she came to N.E. in the yeare 1632 
& about halfe a yeare after was joyned to the church : & after some years 
she was married to John Ruggls. of this church : 

Mary Chase, the wife of William Chase, she had a paralitik humor 
w"^*" fell into her back bone, so y* she could not stir her body, but as she 
was lifted, and filled her w'*^ great torture, & caused her back bone to goe 
out of joynt. & bunch out from the beginiug to the end of w""" infirmity she 
lay 4 years & a halfe, & a great pt of the time a sad spcctakle of misery: 
But it pleasd God to raise her againe, & she bore children after it 
John Coggshall ■, 

Mary Coggshall, the wife of John Coggdiall. 
John "Watson 

Margret Denuison, the wife of Willia Dennison, It pleased God to 
work vpon her heart & change it in her ancient years, after she came to this 
Land; & joyned to the church in the yeare. 16o2. 

Mary Cole, the wife of Robert Cole. God also wrought vpon her heart 
(as it was hoped after her coming to. X.E. but after her husbands excom- 
munication, & falls she did too much favor his ways, yet not as to incur 
any just blame, she lived an atlicted life, by reason of his vnsetleduesse & 
removing fro place to place. 

William Heath, he came to this Land, in the yeare. 1632. ct sooue after 
joyned to the church, he brought o children. Mary. Isaak. IMary. Ptleg. 
Hauali. 
Mary Heath the wife of Willia Heath. 

William Curtis he came to this Land in the yeare. 1632. & soone after 
joyned to the church, he brought 4 children w"' him. Thomas. 3Iary. John. 
Phillip. & his eldest son Willia, came the yeare before, he was a hopefuli 
scholler, but God tooke him in the end of the yeare. 1634. 

Sarah Curtis, the wife of Willia Curtis* 
Thomas Offitt.t 

[Isabel] OflTitt the wife of Thomas Offitt. 
Isaak Morrell 

[Sarah] Morrel the wife of Isaak Morrel. 
Daiiiell Brewer 

[Joanna ?] Brewer the wife of Daniell Brewer. 
Griffith Crofts 
[Alice ?] Crofts, the wife of Griffith Crofts. 

]\Iary Rawlings, the wife of Thomas liawlings. she lived a godly life, & 

* Sec HroisTER, xxviii. 145. 

t lie removed with Willi nn Pvnchon to Sprinijficlft in \i)^o. Hi^ name is there written 
Uir.i.l. .Se.^ "Articles of A_'rLCiiicnt" (REOi^rru, xiii. •29.j-:j7). datt-d Spriii-'f.L'ld, May 1(3, 
I'-'i';, !■> which 111.; ii.ini.'s (if Wiilitm Pyndion, Mach. Mitchull, '1 homa^ Vlforil, H'enrj 
Smitli, Jchue Burr, John Cuhcl, William Blake and Ediuuud Wood arc appt-uded iu fac- 
BimilL-. Vffurd and Burr mad'.* their marks. T. 



24 JRev. John EJiofs Record of Church Members. [Jan. 

went through iv*^ we:ikne??e of body, & rifter some years, vrheu her husband 
was removed to sittuate, she dved. about the yeare. lGo9. 
Tliomas Gouldthwaight. 

M' John Eliot; he came to. N.E. in the 9' month. 1G31. he left his in- 
tended wife in England, to come the next yeare ; he adjoyned to the Church 
at Boston. & there exercized in the absens of m"" wil^on the Fastor of y' 
church, who was gone back to England, for his wife. & family, the next 
EuiTier m' wilson returned. & by y*"time the church at Boston was intended 
to call him to office ; bis freinds w' com.e & setled at Rocksbrough, io whom 
he was fore ingaiiied. y* if he were not called to office before they came, he 
■ was to join w'"^' them, wherevpoii the church at Rocksbrough called him to 
be Teacher, in the end of v= suiner & soone after he was ordained to y' ollice 
in the church. Also his' wife came along w"^ the rest of his freinds the 
same time, & soone after theire coming, they were married, viz in the 8'^ 
month, 1032. Hanah. his tlrst borne ~"daui;hter,_ was borne, the 17 day of 
the 7' month auo. 1633. John his first borne son, was borne in the 31 day 
of the 6' month, ano. IGoO. Joseph his 2'^ soiie was borne in the 20'' day 
of the 10"^ month, ano: 163S. Samuel his S'^ soue. was borne the 22'^ day 
of the 4'. month, an): 1041. Aaron his 4' sonne was borne the. 19. of the 
12'. ano 1043. Benjamin his 5' sonne was borne the 29 of the IV. 1G4G. 
M"' Ann Eliot, the wife of m' John Eliot. 

m' George Alcock, he came w"^ the first company ano. 1630. he left his 
only son in^Ensland. his wife dved soone after he came to this land, when 
the people of Rocksbrough joyned to the church at Dorchester (vntill such 
time as God should give thera'oportunity to be a church among themselves) 
he v,-as by the church chosen to be a Deakon. esp'c to regard the brethren 
at Rocksbrough : And afcer he adjovned himselfe to this church at Rocks- 
brough, he was ordained a Deakon of this church : he maide two voy- 
at^es°to Eniiland vpon just calling therevnto ; wherein he had_ much 
experiens of Gods p^servation & blessing, he brought over his son John 
Alcock. he also brought o%-er a wife by whom he had his 2^ son Samuel 
borne in the year. ^he lived in a good. & godly sort, & dyed in the end 
of the lO'-'^ month ano. 1640. & left a good savor behind him ; the Pore of 
the church much bewailing his losse. 

Valentine Prentise. he came to this land in the yeare. 1031. & joyned 
to the church in the yeare 1032. he brought but one child to the Land, 
his sou John. & buryed anoth^at sea : he lived a godly life, <^ went through 
much afllictiou by bodyly infiroiity. & died leaving a good sav' of goUlyness 
behind him. 

Allice Prentise the wife of Valentine Prentise after her husbands death, 
she was married to John watsoa of this church. 
Abraham Pratt. 
Johannah Pratt, the wife of Abraha Pratt. 

m''" Francis Pinchon the wife of m' willia Pinchon ; she was a widdow, 
a matron of the church at Dorchester, w' m' Pinchon married her. she 
came w"" the first company, auo. 1630. 



1881.] Long^neadom Families. ... 25 



LONGMEADOW (MASS.) FAMILIES. 

Communicated by Willard S. Allzx, A.M., of East Boston, Mass. 
[Continued from vol. xxxiv. p. 389.] 

4th Generation. C;ileb Cooley, son of Joseph and 3Iargaret, was mar- 
ried to Auu Clark, Feb. 7, 1745. She died. Caleb was married again, 
Jan. 2, 1752, to Mary Burt, the daughter of Capt. John and ]Mary Burt, of 
Spriugfield. Their chikh-en — Ann, born Oct. 22, 1752, died Aug. 23, 1831. 
Caleb, born Aug. 6, 1754, died Feb. 11, 1785. Seth. born June 14, 1757, 
died Nov. 2, 17G3. John, boru Oct. 31, 17G1, died Oct. 3. 1827. Henry, 
born Jan. 27, 17G5, lived at Salem, N. Y. Clarinda, b. July 1, 1771, d. May 
2, 1841. Ann was married to Oliver Field, Nov. 4, 1773. Caleb married 
Phelps, of Hadlei2;h. Clarinda was married to Oliver Blanchard (v.ho 
was born March 2T3, 17G9) March 23, 1794. Caleb the father died May 
16,1793. Oliver lilancliard died Oct. 31, iS08, and his widow Clarinda 
was married Sept 24, 1809, to Dr. Oliver Bliss, sou of Aaron and Miriam 
Bliss. John, see p. 104. 

\_Page 100.] 4th Generation. Roger Cooley, son of Jonathan and Jo- 
anna, was married Aug. 4, 1748, to Mary Stebbins. Their children — 
Mary, born May 16, 1749, died Aug. 18, 1758. Jonathan, born Jan. '2b, 
1750. Joanna, born April 20, 1753. Persis, born Nov. 10, 1755, died 
Aug. 5, 1758. Hulda, boru Marcli 24, 1758. Roger, born Sept. 3, 17 GO. 
Alexander, born Jan. 4, 1763. Festus, born Oct. 4, 17G5. Mary, born 
Aug. 30, 1767. Persis, born June <S, 1769. Roger Cooley with his fami- 
ly removed to that part of West Springfield called Paugatuck. 

4th Generation. George Coltou Cooley, son of -Jonathan and Joanna 
Cooley, was married to Mabel Hancock, daughter of Jolin and Anna Han- 
cock, .Jan. 12, 1749. Their children — Mabel, born ilay 16. 1749, died 
Oct. 27, 1781. Abner, bora Aug. 20, 1751, died Jan. 21, 1752. Abner, 
born Jan. 22, 1753, died March 7, 177G. Dinah and Lucy, born March 22, 
1755. Lucy died Nov. 7, 1756. George, born Oct. 15, 1756. Dintih, 

born Aug. 26, 1759, died July 20, 17C0. Submit, born 8, 1761, died 

May 9, 1761. Lucy, born June 9, 17G2. Jonathan, born June 10. 1764, 
drowned in the river Feb. 10, 1798. Noah, boru Jan. 27, 1766. Eunice, 
born Dec. 15, 1769. Ezekiel, born Nov. 28, 1772. Mabel was, married 
Feb. 13, 1772, to John Burt, of Springfield. Lucy was married to Na- 
thaniel Chapman July 24, 1780. George was married to Penelope Rum- 

rili, June 24, 1779. Jonathan married Stebbins, daughter of Ebene- 

zer Stebbins, of Springfield, and died without issue, being drowned in Con- 
necticut river. George the father died by the small-pox which he had by 
inoculation, June 6, 1778. Blaljel the mother was married again. Nov. 29, 
1797, to Capt. Joseph Ferry, of Sjjringfield, and died Dec. 28, 1806. Eu- 
nice was married to Hanan Colton, son of Gideon and Joanna Coiton, 
June 1788. 

\_P'i'je 101.] 4th Generatian. Jabez Cooley, son of Jonathan and Jo- 
anna (page 95), was married to Abigail Hancock, Oct. 19, 1752. Their 
children — Asahel, born April 5, 1753. Reuben, boru Sept. 24, 1754. 
Uriel, born Aug. 25, 1756. Dinah, boru Aug. 29, 1758. Bathshua, born 
March 11, 1761. Abigail, boru Nov. 4, 1762. Reuben, boru January 

VOL. XXXV. 3* 



26 ]\,.;, Longmeadoic Families. [Jan. 

6, 1765. Batbsheba, boru Jan. 23, 1767. Heman. born Nov. 1, 1763. 
15eulah, boru_April 3, 1772. Asenath, born June 21, 1773. Jcbez, born 
March 10, 1775. Jabez Cooley the father settled in that part of Spring- 
field called Skipmuck, where his children were born. '' 
4th Generation. Stephen Cooley, son of Jonathan and Joanna, was 
married to Mary Field, date of their publishment Sept. 26.1753. Their 
children— Ste;/aen. born Feb. 14, 1754, died Au^r. 18, 1754. Stephen, 
born March 27, 1755, died June 9, 1830, aae 75. Abigail, boru April 19, 
1757, died April 9, 1S26. age 67. Joanna^ born July^H), 1759. Luther, 
born March lb, 1761. Gideon, born Jan. 31, 1763." died Nov. 21, 1838, 
age 76. Calvin, born Feb. 16, 1765, died Feb. 19, 1846. Ithainar, 

born , died Feb. 15, 1767. ""thamar, boru Aucr. 10, 1768. Mary, 

born July 18, 1<70, died June 24, 1814. Hanan, born July 18, 1773. 
JMary the mother died April 3, 1782. Eunice Jennin::^s died March 5, 1S23. 
Stephen the father married again, April 26, 1785. to the widow Eunice 
Jennings, of Ludlow. He died Jan. 7, 1787, age ^>J. Abigail was married 
to Noah Bliss, Feb. 11, 1784. Joanna was married to Er Taylor, April 
13, 1 784, 3rary wa> married to Moses Taylor. The sons, see 106 and 107. 
[Page 102.] 4th Generation. Eliakim Cooley, son of Eliakim and 
Griswold, was marrie<l Nov. 7. 1734, to Marv Ashlev. He settled in West 
Springfield. Their children— Elakim. Gideon, born March 15. 1739. Jus- 
tin, born Jan. 25, 1741, died Dec. 12. 1760. Martlia. born Mav 12, 1743. 
Solomon, boru June 22, 1745, died Sept. 2, 1746. Keziah, born Mav 5, 
1750. Solomon, boru Jan. 24, 1753. Charles, boru Sept. 15, 1755. 
Thankful, boru Feb. 17, 1760. 

_ 4th Geueration. Josiah Cooley, son of Eliakim and Griswokl, was mar- 
ried to P^xperieuce Hale, daughter of Thomas and Experience Hale, Jan. 
3, 1739. Their children — Exj.erience, born June 8. 1739, died June 18, 
1771. Hannah, boru Oct. 1, 1742, died Sept. 23, 1820. Eleanor, boru 
July 10, 1745, died Oct. 21, 1777. Sabinah, bom Feb. 26, 1747, di^d 
Dec. 12, 1823. Josiah, born Nov. 30, 1749, died Feb. 13, 1824. age 74. 
Rebecca, born July 3l,_1752, (Jed Jan. 21, 1775. Simeon, born Mav IS, 
1755, did Nov. 12, 1757. Experience was married to Ebenezer Spencer, 
of Somers, March 27, 1766. Hannah was married to Jonathan Burt, Aug. 
20, 1761. Eleanor was married to Ebenezer Kumrill, Dec. 1, 1767. Sabt- 
na was married to Samuel Keep. .June 4, 1767. Josiah the father died 
Sept. 7, 1778, in his 62d year. Experience the mother died Oct. 31, 1798, 
aged 84. The family of Josiah, see page 103. 

4th Geueration. Hezekiah Cooley, son of 'Eliakim and Griswold, was 
married to Charity Clark, of Lebanon, Conn., date of their publishment 
Jan. 11, 1752. Their childrer,— Charity, born June 15, 1753, died Aug. 
26,1763. Claik, bom Sept. G, 1754, died Nov. 2, 1757. Ruble, bom 
Aug. 19, 1757. Charity, born Oct. 6, 1759, died Feb. 3, 1775. Esther, born 
Dec. 19, 1760, died April 9, 1777. Flavia, born .Jan. 26, 1763. Heze- 
kiah, born March 11, 1765. Clark, born Oct. 1, 1769. Ruble v,^a3 mar- 
ried to Robert Pease, of Somers, March 6, 1776. Flavia was married to 
Joseph W. Cooley, April, 1767. Clark was married to Lovina Billings, 
July 6, 1791. Hezekiah the father died March 27, 1796, aged 76. Cha- 
rity the mother drowned herself in a well, Sept. 23, 1808. 

[Page 103.] 4th Generation. Capt. Luke Cooley, son of Eliakim and 
Griswold Cooley, was married Jan. 8, 1739, to PJiza'beth Colton, daughter 
of Thomas and Joanna Colton. They settled in Somers, and died in^that 
town. Their children — Solomou, born , died Oct. 3, 1741. Jjois, born 



1881.] Longmeadoio Families. 27 

. . Eunice, boru Nov. 6, 1742. Joanna — Nathan — Elizabeth. Lovice — 

Lucy — Luke — Dinah. Capt. Luke Cooley the father died Jan. 1, 1777. 
Elizabeth the mother died Aug. 8, 1777. Lois was married to Nathaniel 
Sikes, of Monson. Ennice was married to John Billings. Joanna was 
married to Levi Brace. Lovice was married to John Russell. Lucy was 
married to Stephen Jones. Dinah was married to Aaron Howard. 

4th Generation. Israel Cooley, son of Samuel and Mary Cooley, was 
married April 9, 1735, to Deborah Leonard. Their children — Joel, born 
July 11, 1735. Deborah, born Aug. 19, 1738, died Sept. 4, 174G. Jonah, 
born Nov. 5, 1741. Israel the fither died Dec. 22, 1775. Deborah the 
mother died Jan. 3, 1781. The fanrlies of Jonah and Joel may be seen 
hereafter, page 108. Israel the foth .r died 

4th Generation. Samuel Cooley, son of Samuel and Mary Cooley, was 
married to Patience Macranny, date of their publishment June 19, 1741. 
Their children— Samuel, born Aug. 28, 1742. Isaac, boni ^lay 30. 1745. 
Samuel the father died April 10, l74G. Patience the mother was married 
again to Thomas Killom, of "West Springfield, Aug. 24, 1749. Samuel's 
fcimily, s^C! page 109. Isaac v.-as married to Eunice Bedortha, July 2, 1767. 
They settled in West Springfield. 

[Page 104.] 4th Generation. Eli Cooley, son of John and Mercy 
Cooley, was married Oct. 20, 1757, to IMary Pliips. of Cambridge, ]Mass. 
Their children — Thomas and Lienor, born June 28. 1758. Mercy, bora 
Nov. 13, 1760. Eleuor, born May 2^, 1762, died Dec. 20. 1844.' John, 
born Feb. 18, 1764, died Jan. 29. 1835. Thomas, born July \b, 1767. 
Mary the mother died Aug. 14. 17G7. Eli Cooley the father was married 
again May 12, 1774, to Rebecca Bliss, daughter of Ebenezer and Joannf\ 
Bliss. She died without issne, Oct, 3, 1787. Eli Cooley was married again 

1796, to Polly Cross, of Ellington. He died Jan. 29,' 1806, in his 80th 
year. ]\Iercy was married to Richard Woo! worth, May 24, 1780. Lienor 
was married to Dennis Crane. He being absent some years, she was mar- 
ried to George Colton, March 9, 1796. The family of .iohn, see pago 109. 

5th Generation. John Cooley, son of Caleb and Mary, was married to 
Sabrea Hitchcock, daughter of Stephen Hitchcock, of Springfield. March 2, 

1797. He died Oct. 3, 1827, age 66. She died Dec. 19,1841, age 71. 
Their children— John, born Decl 9, 1800. Clarinda, born Jan. 1,1805, 
married Joseph Evarts, Jan. 1, 1829. Oliver Blanchard, born Oct. 4, 1808. 
Mary Burt, born Oct. 10, 1814. A nameless child, born Oct. 6,1810. 
Sabra the mother died Dec. 19, 1841, age 71. 

[ Vacant to page 106.] 5th Generation. Steph-^n Cooley, son of Ste- 
phen and Mary Cooley, was married to Mercy Stebbins, daughter of Ezra 
and Margaret' Stebbi'ns, Jan. 28, 1788. Their children — Stephen, born 
March 7,"l789, died June 28, 182G, at Rossville, Ohio. Ju<lah, boru April 
9,1792. Noadiah, born Oct. 5,1795, went away about 1836. Norman, 
born Jan. 3, 1800, lived in Philadelphia. Mercv the mother died Nov. 4, 
1807. Stephen Cooley died June 9, 1830, age 75. Stephen Cooley was 
married to Margaret Stebbins, widow of Ezra' Stebbins. She died Oct. 15, 
1831, aged 67. 

5th Generation. Gideon Cooley, son of Stephen and Mary Cooley, was 
married to Dinah Sikes, the daughter of James and ]Mary Sikes. She was 
born Nov. 13, 1765. They were married Nov. 29, 1796. He die'l Nov. 
21, 1838, age 76. She died Jan. 1, 1851, age 86. Electa, born Sept. 9, 
1799, married .Joseph Hixon. Quartus, born "Sept. 9, 1801, married Abi- 
gail Bliss. Gideon, born Sept. 27, 1804. iMary Ely, boru Sept. 7, 1806. 

[To be continued.] 



28 Diary of Paul Dudley. [Ja 



T 



DIARY OF PAUT. DUDLEY, 1740. 

Communicated by B. Jot Jeffries, M.D., of Boston. 

HE following entries by the Hon. Paul Dudlev, of Roxbiuy, 
are from an interleaved almanac for the year 1740, published 
by T. Fleet. A biographical sketch and a portrait of Chief Justice 
Dudley will be found in the Eegistee, vol. x. pp. 338 and 343. 

Jan. — A moderate winter hitherto hardly any snow, very cold weather 
conies in with tlie full moon and liolds many days. 

7. — A good fat Bear killd up n our meeting house hill or near it. 

8. — Capt. Forbes from London nine weeks from Falmouth brings news 
of Warr being declared against Spain not France. 

Measles continue in many Towns. -. -.. ■ 

10. — A storm, a little snow. 

IL — The Genl Court proroged (The Treasury not supplied) to the 12*'' 
of ISIarch. Sad news from Annapolis Royall. ColL Armstrong Lt. Gov. 
fell upon his own sword and killd himself. 

15. — Snow. Small pox at Rode Island. 

19. — Died. Mrs. Norton, Vv'idow of the Rev. Mr Norton of Hingham. 
A very worthy religious person, in the eighty first year of her age. 

A house burnt at Lancaster. A woman and four children lost their lives. 
The husband's name Josiah Wilder. 

26. — Pleasant weather for the winter. 

28. — Died young Mr Hancock of Lexington assistant minister to hia 
father, had the character of a very worthy promising youth. Died Mr. 
John Adams see the middle of the Almanack. 

31. — Pleasant day but very cold. Burnings — see the middle of the 
Almanack. 

Feb. 1. — An exceeding cold day, none like it this winter. 

2. — little short of it. 

5. — A very cold Day. It has been a very dry time for three weeks past, 
neither snow nor rain — Smelts come — A dwelling house at Mitfield burnt 
and four persons. Moderate weather. They have had a severe winter in 
England as to Cold and Storms. The like not known in the memory of 
Man. AVinter breaking up. Abundance of Damage done in England this 
winter by the Storms and extreme cold. 

Measles prevail in many towns and the throat distemper yet in the 
Land. 

28. — Very warm like April. The wild geese begin to flye to the Nor- 
ward. Garden and otlier spring birds come. 

29. — A ship from London. Capt. Egleston brings the Kings Speech 
to the Parliament Nov. 15 "". 

March 1. — Snow. News from the west Indies that Admiral Vernon 
had taken portabell. 

4. — Died Mr Saltonstall. 

7. — Snow. 

8. — Very cold like winter. Nothing but cold northerly winds keeps the 
spring back. 



1881.] Diary of Paul Dudley. • 29 

12. — Genl Court sits. Died, the Rev. Mr Parsons of Salisbury. A te- 
dious Sup. Court at Bostou. It has been a Terrible Winter in P^n^land, 
provisions there very dear. Wheat at seven and eight shillings pr. bushel. 
An ordinary dunghil fowl at three shillings. 

22. — Wild geese go to the norwartl. 

26. — Sup. Court adjourned to the 3"^ of June. 

27. — A general Fast. 

28. — Genl. Court, dissolved. Tlje Treasury not supplied. Had a quar- 
ter of fine lamb. 

April. — Snow and Winterish Weather the beginning of this month. 

5. — A fine salmon eat at Koxbury. 

7. — Wind Hangs yet to the Norward — Roxbury smelts not gone yet. 

9. — Some swallows seen. The begin' of this month a dwelling house 
burnt at Uxbridge. 4 persons lost their lives. Little done in the gardens 
till the 9th. The Rash pretty brief — anu so the Measles. 

15. — Very warm spring weather — many swallows come, and a great 
flight of wild pigeons — Dry Season — I sowed my Barley — planted Cucum- 
bers and Squashes. 

17. — Orders arrived to declare the Warr in form against Spain, and ac- 
cordingly it was proclaimed with the usual Solemnity at Boston the twen- 
ty first. The packet came from Coll. Spots wood via pen silvan ia — great 
encouragement and Direction to furnish five thousand men from the C'onti- 
nent to subdue the Spaniards at Cuba and in the West Indies. An Ad- 
jutant Genl. expected every day. 

May — Tedious Courts at Plymouth and Barnstable, a great deal of busi- 
ness left undone and continued to the next year. My own health very poor 
— not a single criminal at either Court. Abundance of cold weather puts 
the spring back. The Kings fourth daughter, the Princess Mary married 
to the Prince of Hesse. His ]\Iaje,sty's orders referring to the Expidition 
into the West Indies arrived a few diiys before the Election. 

Coll. Gorham and Mr W"" Brown chose into the Council. Mr. D'' dropt 
and two negatived viz. Capt. Little and P. D. 

June. — Died Coll. Spotswood. designed to command the American forces 
in the intended Expidition. A tedious Court at York. Little more than 
half the business finished. Two persons received sentence of Death. An 
Englishman for Murther. an Indian for a Rape on a child of 3 years old. I 
was much indisposed at York and obliged to come home before the Court 
was over. 

^Ir. Smith ordained at Marlborough this month. Likewise Mr Hill was 
ordained at Marshfield. The orchard worms did but little damage this 
year. Tis tho't because of the Cold and wet spring some frosts coming very 
late. 

The Throat Distemper got to Cambridge. Several died particularly 
Madam Holyoke. 

25 &c 26. — Roxbury New Meeting house raised. 

Towards the latter end of January a dwelling house burnt at Deerfield, 
another at Lunenburgh, a third at Chelmsford, but no life lost. 

;Mr Whitfield is without doubt a very extraordinary man full of zeal to 
promote the Kingdom and Interest of our Lord Jesus and in the conver- 
sion of souls. His preaching seems to be much like that of the old Eng- 
lish Puritans. It was not so much the matter of his sermons as the very 
serious, earnest and affectionate d<eHvery of them and without notes that 
gained him such a multitude of hearers. The main subjects of his preach- 



^^ ^^aryof Paul Dudley. ^j^^^ 

weighed nearest a po^J and ,, ee'^nTrL Iw^. ' '"""■',"'! "'*"■■'• ■"= 
eacL and about Siieeu inches ont ^ t" "'; '"° "°f° ""<"glicd one ,,oiind 

three snch large p„n";:t,:,tlther °"' "™"''" "" '» ''-■'=-' 

Cost's rxMhfir^.'-'Hiitd'.fera'''''^'^ r 't' '"- "-^ 

was a verv inseniou. Scholar l,„t f„; Poacher at Rode Island, 

^:^:^s^r li SB? - - -ie" ^^^ ^ti^ 
his^teS^'tfa'y;;,^::^ t-'TtiiiTc^:;;-;--';'- °t ■,"-^' ---^ 

offices of Honor and Trust th^'r-;;!, J Go< ,/l.scliarged the several 

gence, prudence, conrate al-d inttri:^ '"' '"" '"" '"'" "■"'' S'"" *"- 

7e^'^raS:tiV5at\h:sif;-nrrd ?"•■ 7";-°" °' «°^^ ^^'--i ^^ 

had been goV of Rode Lsfa^d formeH: '^°" '''"'^^ "' ^™>-''^»'=« «J. '- 

at ""clb^C^T' rpPe"l,^t!"i- r?-^, '?™",°f "'^ Throat Diste.nper 

Genl. CoSrt ro'e the 11 « !,f , l; ■ '''f'\°' " ""= '='"<^'- <=°<1 of June.' 
Of August. Tre^furfsuVpliel tjTZi^. "^°™=-'™ " "^ '--'-h 

me";7ved!"' °' """P'- ■''°™ ^ ^^^^ ^"'P "«-? l"^' in the Channel, the 
Great plenty of English h.ay this vear, but little fruit 

^'^^i^::t:\^:i!:!^i^[}:f^ '- - «»„ be.. do.u 
-z^.!ixi:iri--&r- 

t?!^^:::::^''^ ^^^ ^'°* '» -- our forces. 
4ri;;;Is'':e^t',:r.^wt:?a7:iht:sirn:f t rr-r '="»"-" 

where the men of warr took up e4r,°il, ni Ff '' , ff "l *" '"'' """<■ 
a single onion at a penny .Sterl^ ' '' '""' '"''' "^ ""'<^<' '^ii'i^'S^- 

W-VNo'veS; '■"" ''""S-^d to the of October, and then to the 

tiii\til'\X'n'i:ut'lotwi'r''i^' '''''■'•'• ^"-^ »= -"'--^ 

day the 6» of Oct!ter; .'a^chiu? in^7=,^i',^ ?°' "^"'^ -^ 'j'-'cd n,„„. 
and followed beyond a„. man ?h.,e?Ir^s t"-.ce every d.ay, .admired 
was so thronged that he" warolli ,1 \ ° ^\""'"- U's preaching 

houses not be°ng lar.e eno to hilfl ir''""^ '" ""'.°'"° ''^' "'« "««'»! 

News fron. of August ^^1 ^^^^tZ.!:^^''" '"' ' '""^- 



1881.] Dianj of Paul Dudley. 31 

Mr "NMiitfield left Boston the 13"^ bound to Connecticut Rode Island and 
New York via Xortliampton. 

23'^. — Capt. Snelliug safely arrived from London at last. 
Mr. Winthrop returned. 

A Tuesday Evening Lecture set up at Boston. 

A Tedious long court at Bristol not finished till Munday ye S*^ of No- 
vember. 

Nov. — The Throat Distemper in many parts of the Province and very 
mortal. News comes of my Lord Cathcar's being saild for the "West In- 
dies with a great fleet of men of warr and transports — See below — Several 
ships get in from England this month. News arrives of the Hurricane in 
the West Indies doing great damage to the Spanish and French fleet. 
13. — A public Thanksgiving and Snow. 

Died Coll. Thaxter of Hingham — had been of the Council for many 
years, a very useful man — 7.5 years old. 

19. — Geul Court begin their "Winter Sessions. I could not attend Sa- 
lem Sup. Court by reason of great indisposition and cold stormy weather. 
17 — exceeding cold. IS — stormy snow and very cold. The Court pro- 
rogued to the 21" a pleasant day. Sup. Court sat by Adjournment. 
IS* and 2-1"' and so the whole week Fog, stormy rain and dark weather. 
Several vessels cast away and Lives lost. Capt. Jones (?) from London. 
L"^ Kathcar not saild the 20*'' of October. News of the King's arrival and 
that Sir Chalouer Ogle was saild for the West Indies with a fleet of men 
of warr. 

Dec. — The dark stormy weather and Rain continued to the S''' of this 
month, except one day we have not seen the sun for above a fortnight. 
High tides at the Change. Wind out. 

3. — Fasting and Prayer with a Sermon in the Council Chamber by order 
of the Genl Court. Dr. Sewal preached. 

News comes of the Emperours death. Last month four Justices of 
Peace resigned their commissions ra .her than quit their place of Directors 
in the Land Bank. 

13-14 exceeding cold — More vessels cast away and lives lost, arrived 
13^ Mr Tennent from the Jerseys — one of the Methodist preachers, tho 
not so famous as 3Ir. "\'\'hitfield. 

17 — A snow storm in the morning. Coll. Leonard and Capt "Watts dis- 
missed from their respective offices for being Directors or signers of the 
Manufactory bills. 21 — very cold from 22-27 extreme cold. Justice 
Blanchard dismissed on the acct of the manufactory bank bills. Treasury 
not yet supplied. 

2G. — The two houses can't agree upon a bill. News by the way of New 
York that L*^ Kathcard was sailed with a great fleet. 

2.J'^ — Died Coll. Partridge of Hatfield in the OC^ year of his age. 
The news from Persia this year seems incredible, as if Kauli Can the 
Emperor had bro't away from India in his expedition against the Mogul, 
five hundred and fifty millions, five hundred thousand pounds Sterling 
"Value, in Gold, Silver and other Treasure — What an amazing proof monu- 
ment must this be of the truth of what the wise man tells us in his Pro- 
verbs, — Riches take to themselves wings and riie awav as an eagle towards 
heaven. 23. prov. o. and of a greater than Solomon Mathew C" I'J' where 
thieves break thro and steal — for oftentimes these warr prizes or Captures 
are little better than Public Robberies. 



32 



JBirths, Marriages and Deaths in Dartraouth. 



[Jr 



BIRTHS, MARRIAGES AND DEATHS FROM THE RECORDS 
OF THE ANCIENT TO^YN OF DARTMOUTH, MASS. 

Transcribed for the Register by the late James B. Coxgdox, Esq., of New Bedford. 
[Concluded from vol. xxxiv. page 406.] 



BIRTHS. 




Mosher, Paul, s. of John and Hannah 


4 mo. 15, 1740 


" IIaT:uah, d. of " 


10 mo. 21, 1743 


Keziah, d. of " 


2 mo. ]. 17 


Sarah d. of " 


'^■'' ■ 4 mo. IG. 17.51 


Taber, Thomas, s. of Thomas 


Ooto. 22. 1CG8 


" Estlier, d. of '• 


■' April 17, 1671 


♦' Lydia, d. of " 


Au^. 8, 


Butts, Moses, s. of Tiiomas 


Ju^SO, 1G73 


d. of John 




Taber, Sarah, d. of Thomas 


Jany 2S, IG 


" Marv. d. of '• 


March 18, 1077 


" Jostpli. s. of '• 


March 7, 1G79 


Russell, Joseph, s. of Joseph ) , . 
" John, s. of " ) 


November -l}, 1G7 
Nov. 22. 1G7 


William, s. of " 


Mav G. IG.SI 


" Marv, d. of " 


Julv 10. 1G.S3 


Joshua, s. of " 


Janv 2G, 1686 


" Jonathan, s. of Jonathan 


Nov. 13, 1G79 


Deborah, d. of 


Janv 10, IGSl 


" Dorothy, d. of " 


May 21, 1G84 


Taber, John, s. of Thomas 


Febv 22, 1G81 


Jacob. s. of 


July 26, 1683 


" Jonathan, s. of '• 


Sept. 22, 1685 


liethuih, d. of 


Sept. 3, 168 


" Pliilij). s. of " 


Feby 7, 1680 


" Abigail, d. of " 


May 2, 1693 



Note. — The twenty -three foregoing names are found upon what I consid- 
er the oldest existing page of Dartmouth records. It is, as many other of 
the loose sheets of these records are, very much dilapidated, and it should be 
borne in mind that whenever an omission is found it is owing to this fact. 
No one need look at the records with any hope of finding any more than 
is here given. 



Taber, IMary, 
" Sarah, 



d. of Philip 
d. of " 



" Lydia, d. of « 

" Philip, s. of " 

" Abigail, d. of " 

" Esther, d. of " 

" John, s. of " 

- " Betliiah, d. of " 

Badcock [Babcockl Mary. d. of return 

« Dorothy, d. of " 



Jany 28, 
March 26, 


1668 
1671 


Sept. 28, 

Feby 20, 

Oct. 27, 


1673 
1675 
1C78 


Feby 23, 
July 18, 


1680 
1684 


April 18, 
Oct. 16, 


1689 
1683 


Jany 19, 


1684 



adco 


ck, Sarah, 


d. of return 


(( 


-Elizabeth, 


d. of " 


<. 


George, 


s. of " 


a 


Benjamin, 


s. of « 


« 


Joseph, 


s. of " 


<( 


Return, 


s. of " 


« 


James, 


s. of " 



1881.] Births, Marriages and Deaths in Dartmouth. 33 

JanySl, 1686 
April 5, 1 089 

June 21, 1G92 

' • ■■ ' Nov. 12, 1G06 

Dec. 29, 1G98 

Dec. 23, 1700 

June 22, 1703 

[The 17 next preceding names are from one of the earliest pages of the 
record. All the Babcoeks are marked " transcribed."] 

Lapham. Elizabeth, d. of John and Mary July 29, 1701 

' - ■ " Oct. 2, 1703 

Augt9, 1C71 

March 14, 1672 

Oct. 16, 1674 

Mav 1, 1C7G 

• ' i Oct. 2, 1678 

April 27, 1681 

Nov. 4, 1702 

; •. Jany. 10, 1704 

April 28, 1689 

Augt. 12, 1691 

' Jany 20, 1693-4 

> ■ Jany 20, 1696-7 

\ Dec. 14, 1699 

July 15, 1702 

Augt 28, 1G92 

June 1, 1G94 

Oct. 5, 1695 

Mav 14, 1698 

Jany 22, 1698-9 

Nov. 8, 1701 

Nov. 8, 1703 

Janv 3,1686 

Oct. "15, 1G88 

May 14, 1691 

Nov. 9. 1693 

Nov. 20, 1698 

Nov. 22, 1701 

Sept. 25, 1704 

Sept. 6, 1695 

Augt 10, 1C98 

Nov. 2, 1701 

April 3, 1703 

March 18, 17** 

Dec. 16 



VOL. XXXV, 



" 


John, 


s. of - 


Briggs, Mary, 
" Susanna, 


d. of Thomas 
d. of " 


n 


Deborah, 


d. of " 


li 


Hannah, 


d. of " 


11 


John 


s. of " 


u 


Thomas, 


s. of " 


(( 


Weston, 


s. of John 


" 


Thomas, 


s.of " 


Slocumb, Meribah, 


d. of Eleazer 


'> 


Mary, 


d. of •' 


<« 


Eleazer, 


s. of " 


a 


John, 


8. of " 




Benjamin 
Joanna, 


s. of " 
d. of " 


Soule 


William, s 


. of William 


" 


Keziah [see 


Reg. xxxiv. 198] 


li. 


George, s 


. of William 


11 


Benjamin, s 
Mary, d 


of " 
of " 


" 


Joseph, s. 
Sarah, d 


of " 
of " 


Cummings, Mary, 
" Sarah, 


d. of Philip 
d. of " 


<( 


John, 


s. of " 


" 


James, 


s. of " 


" 


Abigail 


d. of " 


i( 


Eliz^abeth, d. of '' 


(( 


David, 


s. of " 


c 


Benjamin, s. of " 


Ilowland, Edward, 


s. of Henry 


" 


Zohuth, 


6. of " 


a 


* * * 


8. of " 


Delano, Sarah, d. 


of Jonathan, Jun. 


'• 


Jane, d. 


of 



34 



Taxes under Andros. 



Tc:'-' 



[Ja 



TAXES UNDER GOV. AXDROS. 
[from the jeffriks family papers.] 
No. IX. 

[Continued from vol. xxxiv. page 3S2.] 

To^NTTX Rate of Topsfield, 1G87. 



The Country Rate of 
Topsficld Towne, Oct. Z'^ 1687. 



A William Avcrill & four Son, but 3 

B Jno Broadstreet 

Daniel Borman & 2 Son's 
Tho. Baker & man 
Isaac Burton 
Benj''. Bixby 
Josiah Bridges 

C Daniel Clarke & 3 Sons 
Isaac Cummins & 3 Sons 
John Curtiss 
Thomas Cave & man 
"Win Chapman 

D Ephraira Dorman 

Thomas Dorman & Sone 
Jilichael Duanet & Sone 

E Isaac Esty Sen' & Sone 
Isaac Easty Jun' 
Joseph Easty 
John Easty 

fF John ffrench 

G John Gold & 2 Sonns 
John Gold Jun"" 

H Cap- John How & 2 Sons 
John Hovy & Sone 
Samuel Ilowlet 
\\^ IJobs 
John Hunkins 
AV-" Howlet 

K Philip Knii,'ht & Sone 
John Kenney 

L Jonathan Look & man 
Henry Lake 



D 




1 


5 

o 

< 






1 


f 


£ 


s 


d 


4 


1: 1 


48 


4: 6 


30 


1. 







14 


S 


1 


1: 1 


30 


0: 


6 


2 


1 





6 


9 


3 


1: 1 


32 


4: 7 


:2 




2 





11 


01 


2 


1: 1 


45 


6: 6 


30 


6 


1 





11 


02 


1 


1: 


.3 


: 4 


.3 


4 







3 


Oo 


1 


1 


.9 


2: 2 





1 







3 


01 


4 


1: 1 


40 


4: 4 i 


10 




2 





11 


06 


4 


1: 1 


30 


5: 7 


17 


2 


.3 





12 


06 


1 


1— 


.9 


2: 5 


6 


3 


1 





06 


00 


2 


1— 


.4 


: 7 


•7 




1 





6 


2 


1 


— 


— 


: 1 


,2 




- 





2 


— 


1 


1: 1 


24 


3: 6 


13 


6 


: 1 


_ 


S 


9 


2 


1: 


30 


4: 5 


12 


3 


: 1 


— 


8 


9 


2 


1— 


14 


2: 3 


4 




: 1 


— 


6 


2 


2 


1: 1 


35 


2: 4 


6 




: 1 





7 





1 


1: 


7 


2: 2 







: 1 





3 


5 


1 







2: 1 











3 


2 


1 





6 


2: 1 








: 1 


— 


3 





1 


1- 


15 


2: 2 


.0 


4 


: 1 


- 


4 


7 


3 


1 


60 


6: 3 


10 


2 


: 3 





9 


4 


r 

3 






3 







: 1 





o 


11 


1: 


16 


2: 4 




1 


: 2 




8 


4 


2 


1 




32 


3: 7 


20 


4 


: 2 


— 


9 


S 


1 


1 




16 


2: 4 





4 


\ 1 





5 


1 




1 




5 


: 4 


2 




: 1 





3 


7 


1 


1 




18 


2: 4 


8 


2 


: I 





6 


1 






35 
13 


4: 4 


4 


2 


: 1 


~ 


1 


6 


2 


1: 


9 




1: 


24 


2: 5 


6 




— 


— 


5 


2 


2 


1: 


25 


2: 4 


3 


5 


: 2 


_ 


7 


6 


1 


1 




3 


2 


— 


1 


: 1 


— 


2 


11 



10 



X S9^'175 



1881.] 



Taxes under Andros. 

Brought over. 



35 









-3 














■ il'' ■.*'■; ' I _:,. . 






h-5 


^ 






«J 








1 


3 


1 


g 


5: 


1 


?ci 


s 


d 


M -/ - - 


^ 


^ 


< 


^3 


a: 


2 2 


3 




N AVilliam Nichols 


1 


1: 


16 




: 3 


:3 


3: 1 


2 


John NichoUs & 2 Sons 

P ffrancis Peobody 2 Sons & a 


3 


1: 


.8 


4 


: 5 


:4 


0: 2 


9 


3 




















Servant 




1: 


62 


6 


: 8 


26 


5 


3 


18 


■t 


W"' Perkins 




1: 


IS 


2 


: C 


6 


1 




6 


4 


Tobias Perkins 




1: 


14 


2 


: 6 


10 


1 




7 


9 


Timothy Perkins Scnf 




1: 


21 


2 


: 3 








4 


4 


Thomas Perkins 




1: 


20 


2 


: 4 


•10 






5 




John Pritchet 




1 


u 




: 4 


•8 


2 




5 


— 


Jacob Pebodv 




1: 


3 


2 


: 2 


•3 


1 




3 


11 


Elisha Perkins 




1: 


12 


1 


: 3 


•8 






4 


4 


Z:ichL us Perkins 




1: 


11 


4 


: 2 


•0 


1 




4 


6 


Timothy Perkins Jun' 




1: 


13 


2 


2 


•6 


3 


2 


4 


4 


1^ John Iledington 




1: 


30 


4 


6 


13 


3: 2 


S 


10 


John Robinson & Sone 




I: 


13 


2 


6 





2: 2 


7 


5 


Daniell Iledington 




1: 


IS 


4 


4 


10 


3: 1 


6 


7 


S Wm Smith & Sone 




1 


.2 


2 


2 


.0 


3: 1 


5 


7 


Sam Standlv 




1: 


.5 




2 


:2 


3: 1 


3 


— 


W' Smith Jun^ 




1: 


.0 




2 


"o 


0: 1 


2 


8 


John Standly 




1 


11 


2 


3 


8 


4: 1 


4 


6 


John Smith 















2 





1 


9 


Joseph Smith 












— 




1 


8 


T Jacob ToH-ne, Sen^ 




1 


18 


2 


4 


3 


0: 1 


•5 





Joseph To\\Tie S: man Sen' 




1 


26 


4 


7 


10 


: 2 


9 


7 


Jacob Towne Jun^ 




1 


.4 





2 





: 1 


3 


3 


Joseph Towne Jun^ 




1— 


3 


2 


1 





: 1 


3 


.5 


Thomas Towne 






4 




1 





: 1 


2 


8 


WiJi Towne 




1 


2.5 


4 


5 


11 


3: 3 


12 


6 


John Towne 









2 • 


2 





1: 1 


4 


2 


W John Wiles & Sone 


2 


1 


26 


2: 


4 


5 


5: 2 


8 


_ 


James Waters a poor man 




















Lives by Almes 


— 


— 


— 




- 


— 


£ 


s 


d 












08 


6 


10 


Brought from the other Syde 












10 


3 


3 




18 


9 


01 


(Signed) 
















Selectmen \ Ephraim Derma 


John How 

^ Isaac Este 
Thomas D 














of Topsfield J James liowktt 


y 
orma 


a 










(Indorsed) 
















Topsfield Rate 























36 



Taxes under Andros. 



[J= 



head 



TOWN RATE OF TOPSFIELD, 1G83. 

TOI'SFIELD. 

hous land hors Cow shep swia jung nete Catle 



heads 



E-tate 



William Avcril 







SI 


— 00 - 


- 15 


— 01 


;M" John Erodstrete 


1 




6-2 


— 00 - 


_ 06 


— 10 


L Thomas Baker ! ! 


2 




77 


— 00 - 


- 09 


— 09 


Daniell Borman 


3 




100 


_ 00 - 


- 13 


— 04 


Beniamin Bixbee 


1 




17 


— 00 - 


- 03 


— 01 


Isak Burtuii 


1 




35 


— 00 - 


_ 04 


— 07 


D Isack Coruins 


3 




89 


— 00 - 


_ 12 


— 05 


John Commins 


1 




00 


— 00 - 


_ 01 


— 00 


Daniell Chtik 


4 




47 


— 00 - 


_ 10 


— 07 


John Curtius 


1 




48 


— 00 - 


_ 05 


— 03 


Thomas Cave 


2 




38 


— 00 - 


_ 06 


— 06 


Thomas Dormau 


3 




7-5 


— 00 - 


- 11 


_ 03 


L Ephraim Dorman 


1 




54 


— 00 - 


- 06 


— 02 


Mikell Panrill 


2 




15 


— 00 - 


_ 01 


— 07 


S Isack tstie sen 


2 




42 


— 00 - 


_ 06 


— 10 


Isack Estie iua 


1 




22 


— 00 - 


_ 03 


— 06 


Josiph Estie 


1 




18 


— 00 - 


_ 03 


— 02 


John Estie 


1 




19 


_ 00 - 


_ 03 


— 03 


C John tfrench 


2 




40 


— 00 _ 


_ 06 


— OS 


L John Gould 


4 




63 


— 00 - 


_ 11 


— 11 


S. John Gould 


1 




70 


— 00 - 


- 07 


— 05 


Cop John llo^v • 






36 


— 00 - 


_ 06 


— 04 


S John Ilouey 


2 


' 


78 


— 00 _ 


_ 09 


— 10 


S SamucU Iloulit 


1 




49 


— 00 - 


_ 05 


— 09 


AVillam Iloulit 


00 




06 


— 00 - 


_ 00 


_ 06 


WQiam Hobs 


1 




47 


— 00 - 


_ 05 


— 07 


John llunkins 


1 




71 


— 00 - 


_ 07 


— 07 


John Kenny 


1 




41 


— 00 _ 


_ 05 


— 01 


Philip Kniijht 


2 




50 


_ 00 - 


_ 07 


— 06 


Ilcncry Lake 


1 




10 


— 00 - 


_ 02 


— 06 


Jonathan Looke 


2 




50 


— 00 - 


- 07 


— 06 


"Wiliam Nikales 


1 




20 


— 00 - 


_ 01 


— 04 


John Nikales 


3 




72 


— 00 - 


- 11 


— 00 


L ffransis Pebody 


4 




109 


— 00 - 


- 15 


— 09 


Jacob Pfbody 


1 




30 


— 00 - 


_ 04 


— 02 


il'- "W'illam Pirkins 


1 




50 


— 00 - 


_ 05 


— 10 


M'- Tobyiah Pirkins 


1 




62 


— 00 - 


_ 06 


— 10 


John Pirkins 


1 




40 


— 00 - 


_ 05 


— 00 


Timothy Pirkins 


1 




37 


— 00 - 


_ 04 


— 09 


John Prichit 


I 




4t 


— 00 - 


_ 05 


— 04 


Thomas Pirkins 


2 




41 


— 00 - 


_ 06 


— 09 


Zaccus Pirkins 


1 




23 


- 00 - 


_ 03 


— 07 


Elisha Pirkins 


I 




33 


— 00 - 


_ 04 


— 05 


S John Iledinsjton 


2 




73 


_ 00 - 


- 09 


— 05 


John Kobinson 


2 




51 


— 00 - 


- 07 


— 07 


C Daniell RediuL-ton 


1 




60 


— 00 - 


_ 06 


— 08 


Cla (?) Wiliam Smith 


2 




24 


— 00 _ 


_ 05 


— 04 


C SamuL-U Standly 


2 




19 


_ 00 - 


- 04 


— 11 


John Standly 


1 




00 


— 00 - 


- 01 


— 03 


Widow Scandly 


00 




29 


— 00 - 


- 02 


— 05 


Wiliam Smith 


1 




11 


— 00 _ 


- 02 


— 07 


John Smith 


1 




00 


_ 00 - 


- 01 


— 08 


Josiph Smith 


1 




05 


— 00 - 


- 02 


— 01 


E Jacob Toune 


1 




41 


_ 00 - 


_ 05 


— 01 


John Toune 


1 




29 


_ 00 - 


- 04 


— 01 


AViliam Toune 


1 




G8 


— 00 - 


- 07 


— 04 



1881.] 



Lt. John Bryant, of Phjmouth. 



37 





hcaas 




Estate 


£ 


s 


d 


Joseph Toune 






67 


— 00 - 


- 07 


— 03 


Joseph Toune 






20 


— 00 - 


- 03 


— 04 


Jacob Toiine 






15 


— 00 - 


- 02 


— 11 


John Wild ,,. , 






62 


— 00 - 


- OS 


— 0'3 


James Watered 






00 


— 00 - 


- 01 


— OS 


Timothy rirkins ; ; .. 






40 


— 00 - 


- Oo 


— 00 


Thomas Toune 






21 


— 00 - 


- 03 


— 05 


Marke How 






Oo 


— 00 - 


- 02 


— 01 



totall 19 



dat)-^ 19'iiof Sept icss 
(SigTied) Tobiah Perkins Commishenr 



(signed) 



(Indorsed) 



Return for %-* town 
Topsfield £19 



4 3 



Samuel Howlett Clark 

to y^ Selectmen of 

Topstield 



LT. JOHN BRYANT, OF PLYMOUTH. 

Commnniaited bv Williah B. L,i.PHAM, M.D., Augusta, Me. 

IN Vol. twenty-four of the Eegistek, Mr. J. A. Boutelle gave some ac- 
count of Stephen Bryant, of Duxbury and Plymouth, who married 
Abigail, daughter of John Shaw, and of his descendants. He states that 
their oldest daughter Abigail married Lt. John Bryant, of Plymouth, Nov. 
2.3, 1605. The Plymouth Colony Eecords make the oldest'cliild of Ste- 
phen Bryant a son. and do not record the birth of an Abicail. Savage 
conjectures that she may have been the daughter of Stephen, and {'robabTv 
she was, but I have failed to rind positive evidence that such was the case. 
Perhaps Mr. Boutelle may have evidence not given in his article.* "Who 
was Lt. John Bryant ? In a note in the Plymj^ton town records made by a 
former town clerk (Bradford), it is stated he was the son of John Brvant 
and Mary Lewis his wife, of Scituate, but this is improljable, for Deane 
makes Joiin liryant, Jr., a resident of Scituate, and gives the names and dates 
of birth of his children, which are different from those of Lt. John as record- 
ed on the records of Plympton. Some of the names are the same, which 
would indicate that the families may have been related, but there is differ- 
ence enough to prove that they could not have been the same. I have made 
considerable effort to find out who this Lt. John Bryant was, but without 
results. 

The children of Lt. John and Abigail Bryant, as recorded on the Plymp- 
ton records, are as follows : 



• Mr. Boutelle writes ns that, owin:: to a recent removal, he cannot convenientir refer to 
all Ills mtmuranda, bat he i^niii n- the followin:? itcin, to prr.vc that John EnJnt \va= u 
tion-m-law of Su'i^hen Bryant: " Ed-vard Graytor vsiii:.' revii-in? speeches- to ".John Brv- 
ant tlie son in law to Stu*.-n '.Stei'h<;Ml Brvant of PlvmJuth on the Lords dav a^ ^oone as 
they came out of the meeting wa- lined lO'.OO " [probably 10 iY^\\\n^:i^.— Plymouth Colcnu- 
Court Orders, June 3, 1G08. "John Bryant son in Law to Stephen Brvant for vsii;-r t<'- 
Vileicg speeches to Edward Griiy wa^ fined ten shillings to the vse of the Cok-nie."— Ed. 
VOL. XXXY. 4* 



38 Lt. John Brijant, of Plymouth. [Jan. 

i. Mart, b. Sept. II. 1G66. 

ii. JIannah, b. Dee. -2. 16a^. 

iii. Bethiah, b. July -25. I6T0. 

1. iv. Samuel, b. Feb. 2. Ifi73 ; m. Joanna . 

V. Jo.NATHAX, b. March -22. 1R77. 

vi. Abigail, b. Dee. 30. ifiS-2. 
Tii. Benjamin, b. Dec. 16, 16>S. 
Abigail, wife of John Biyant, died May 12, 1715. 

1. Samuel Brt.vxt' {John^) married Joanna . Children: 

2. i_. Sa.mcel, b. May 14, 1699; m. Tabitha Ford. 

ii. JoA.vxA. b. March 1, ITOi : m. Thomas Sampson, of Plvmnton. Nov. 

16, 1730. J . ' 

iii. Abigail, b. July 5, 1703. 

iv. Elizabeth. 

V. Lydia, b. March 10. 1703. 

i;, vi. SvLVAxrs, b. April 8, 1710. 

3. vii. Nathaxiel, b. 171-2. 

• The four eldest were born in Plymouth, and the others in Plympton after 
it was incorporated from Plymouth. 

Samuel Bryant, the father, died in Plympton, March 3, 1750, aged 76 ; 
he was many years deacon of the church in that town. 

2. Samuel Bryant^' (Samuel- John^) married Tabitha Ford, and was 
also deacon of the church in Plympton. Children : 

i. SrsANNAH. b. Jan. 19. 17-23-1 ; m. Asa Cook. 

ii. Lois, b. June 9, 17-23 : ni. Barnabas Briggs, of Halifax. 

iii. Abigail, b. .^Iarch 13, 1727-S. 

'■^ iv. IStlvams, b. March 20, 1721^30 ; m. Sarah Sears. 

V. Tabitha, b. April 14. 1732; m. Willinm Bennett. 

4. vi. Joseph, b. June 3. 1734 ; m. Zilpha Sampson. 
vii. Samuel, b. Nov. 15, 1736. 

viii. JoAN.NA, b. Juiv 12. 1739 ; m. Solomon Doten. 
iz. Ltwa, b. May 12, 1711 ; m. Consider Fuller, Feb. 21, 1759. 
X. JoifHCA, b. Feb. 10, 1744-5. He had 3 wivtfs, the last of whom was 
Dorcas Howard, and 14 children. 

5. xi. Solomon, b. Jan. 4. 174G ; m. fJlizabeth Curtis, of Hanover. 
Samuel the father died 3Iay 21, 1774, and Tabitha his wife died Aucr, 

25, 1773, in her 75th year. 

3. Natuamkl Bryaxt' (Samuel.' Jo/m^) married Zerviah Curtis, of 
Pembroke. lie was deacon of the church of Plympton. He died Dec. 
6, 1793, and his wife Zerviah died April 21, 1700, aged 83 years. Children : 

i. Benjamin, b. Dec. 25. 17.34 : d. May 2, 182 i. 

6. ii. Nathaniel, b. Jui;e 21. 1737 ; m. Joanna Cole, Feb. 21, 1759. 

iii. Zekviau, b. July 24, 1739; m. Ephraim Holmes, Jr. ; they were the 
grandparents <jf Dr. Ezekiel Holmes, for many years the able editor 
of the Maine Farr/ur. 

iv. Joshua, b. July --6, 1741 : d. Sept. 22. 1743. 

v. Elizabeth, b. May 31. 1744 ; d. Sept. 15, 1747. 

vi. Ezekiel, b. June 6, 1746. 

4. JosErn Bryaxt* (Samuel.'^ Samuel,- John^) married Zilpha Samp- 
son, lie moved to Middhrboro', where he lived many years, and where his 
wife died. He then returned to Plympton and died there. Children : 

i. Jo.sEi>H, d. May 13, 1755. 

ii. William. 

iii. Rizf'AU. 

iv. Tabitha. 

V. Hum, m. William Shaw, 2nd, of Middleboro'. 



1881.] ■■/' Qnincy Family Letters. 39 

vi. Silence, m. Prineo Churchill ; d. Nov. 3, 1601, a2cd S3 jts. 
vii. Paul. d. in the L . S. Army, Nov. 4, 1791, aged 21i rears. 
viii. Lois. 

ix. Jane, m. Eleazer Dunham, of Carver, Mass., afterwards of Paris, 
Maine. 

5. Solo:mOX Brtaxt* (SamueL^ SamveL' Johi^) maiTied Elizabeth, 
daughter of Ebenezer and Elizabeth (Kamsdall or Kaudall) Curtis, of Han- 
over, Mass., vfho was born May 18, 1750. He moved to Gray. 3Ie., and 
subsequently to Paris, beinsr one of the early settlers. He died iu 1827. 
Children : 

i. Elizabeth, ra. Isaac Cuiumings. 

ii. Betsev, in. first. Peter Brooks; m. second, Jonathan Fickett. 
iii. CuRisToPnER. b. March -26, 1774 ; m. :fusannab Swan. 
iv. Solomon, b. Oct. So, 1776 ; m. Sally Swan. 
V. Ltdia, b. March 30. 177S ; m. Luther Briggs. 
vi. Samuel, b. May 9, 17S0; m. Lucy Briggs. 

vii. LcsANNAH. b. "May 30. 1765; m. Levi Berry, of Paris. Me., son of 
Georire and J anna (Doane) Bt-rry. born in Falmouth, Me., April 
25, 1777. He died at Smyrna, "Me., Feb. 6, 1854, and his wife 
Lusanuah died iu the same town, Oct. 16, 1849, ((irandparents of 
the writer hereof.) 
viii. Abigail, m. Melvin Pool. 
ix. Joannah, b. Sept. -27, 1791 ; d. 1674, unm. 
X, Martha, b. June 2, 1794 ; m. Thomas Winsbip. 

C. Nathaxiel Brtant. Jr.* [Xathaniel.^ Samuel.' John^) married Joan- 
na Cole. She was the danghter of El)enezer and Kuth (Clmrchill) Cole, 
the latter being the daughter of William and Ruth Churchill, the latter born 
Sept, 14, 171 G. 



QUI^'CY FAMILY LETTERS. 

Communicated by Huebaed "W. Bryant, Esq., of Portland, Me. 

THE following letters were written bv Edmund Quincy, of 
Boston, merchant and author. He was the fourth Edmund in 
direct succession, and son of the eminent jurist. He was born 1703, 
and died July 4, 1788 (see I^egister, xi. 72). He was graduat- 
ed at Harvard College in 172"2, and was the autlior of a treatise on 
Hemp Husbandry, published in 17G5. His daughter Esther was 
married to the attorney general of ^Massachusetts, Jonathan Sewell. 
Another daughter, "Dorothy Q.," married Gov. John Hancock. 

Medfiekl Oct° IC 1777. 
Dear d' Katy 

I have wrote yonr sister G. several times from Boston & this place via 
"Worcester &, Boston. & this day in particular to congratulate her especially 
upon ye signal advice arrived here yesterday from the No ward — assuring 
us, thai, agreeable to ye la=t accot of our having routed ye Enemy out of 
their iiitrenchments, at Saratoga, & causing them to retreat six miles No 
wd towards Ty — & that upon their retreat Geu^ Gaits had despatched sev^ 
large bo'lies to cut off th».-ir retreat, the same was effected &; their Craft 
prepared to waft them over hudsoa's river being destroyed ; Burgolne 



40 f M-Zo, ./ Quincy Famihj Letters. [Jan. 

found himself under a necessity of surrenderincr at discretion, their pro- 
visions almost spent. *fcc. I advisM particulurly, that but 30 men were 
kiird & abt. 200 wounded & no Captain nor other superiour otncer killed 
on our side w^ ga.ve me great satisfaction, as thereby I was convinced 
that your good Bro'' Greenleaf was safe, before ye retreat — and I hope is 
now — as it is not probable he was much expos'd after that If ye ace" of 
surrender be genuine. Ye event is remarkable & calls on ye whole Conti- 
nent to express their hearty return of gratitude to Him, who is ye Great 
Superintendant of human aflairs ct who iu a peculiar manner has hitherto 
manifested a wonderful series of kind dispensations of his providential care 
of the people of this young Country, who. as all Europe will own have been 
most unjustly treated by the people of Britain, for some years &, especially 
for more than 3 years past. 

Should a kind providence afford similar success to ye Sothern troops 
& Howe obliged to retreat w''^ a mutilated army on board his ships We may 
reasonably hope that this year (agreeable to Dr. Franklin's expectation 
manifested in a Letter of abt April last) will be ye last of ye American 
Contest. This we may hope, but with a Spirit of due Submission to the 
Supreme Governour of tlie Universe ; who may if lie sees fit for ye fur- 
ther punishment of the King &, people of G. B. and No. America permit 
such a distraction to seize them as to consent to Carry on ye "War tho. to 
their owu ruin as well as to the still further annoyance & prejudice of Xo 
America, however possibly an European War may put an issue to our 
Fears! 

You may encourage yoself in an expectat" of having y"' Bro Hancock's 
Company the ensuing Winter, in Case of both Burgoine & Howe's defeat 
for I suppose ye Congs. will adjourn over ye Winter — and leave Genl W. 
■with a respectable army in Phila. 6c Genl. Gaits iu Albany in w'^'' places 
they may remain very comfortable thro, ye Winter. 

I have been here 5 or G days <ic; wait for yr Bros Chaise being repaired 
to return to L in, no one to be had that I can hear of in ye town. I 
dont care to ride a bad horse & saddle nor have any bags — w*^^ detains 
me here Contrary to expectation. I want greatly to be w"^ your sister, but 
hope if ye surrender of B's army be true yr B' G. may be v;'^ you soon — 
your Bro & sister Q. send love &:c. 

I hope M Wheelock has proved as helpful to your s' G. &c as promised. 
Priscilla not suiting 3Irs. Bridge — B has brot. hither, & luckily your S'' Q. 
«vanted her much — I hope tbis will meet you & yr sister w'^ the children 
all well, to whom my kind love — & accept ye same from Dear Child 
Your affect" Father i^ Friend 

Ed. Quixct. 

No Woollen for a gown, one side only ; Some Tow Clo. for Eunice. I 
hope to send Mrs Bigelow from hence. 

j?b Miss K. Quincy. 

P. S. y'' S' H. I suppose retd last Saturday from B. Yr uncle Q I pre- 
sume was not a little pleased with such a kind of visitor, after having been 
among ye doubting Christians «&:c I hope by next post or express from 
Phila. your sister may receive advice greatly in favor of Genls Troops. For 
as G. ye 3'* of Gt. B: — has thro, his wretched ^Ministers ordered that the 
troops under Howe Shd. at all hazards enter ye City of P: and those un<ler 
Burgoine should get into possession of Albany as we are told and is very 
probable, upon ye disappointment of last year I Cant but be devoutly de- 



1881.] Qaincy Famihj Letters. 41 

sirous, that at all hazards, so infernal a Resolution and order may be. by ye 
ordinance of >/e Kinr/ of Kings frustrated to all intents and purposes, and you 
■\vell know for 3 years or more, I have manifested myself nearly certain, 
that if the B: Administration — should finally resolve to pursue — their un- 
warrantable scheme (by advice of wicked Governors, Ltenant Governors, 
Commissioners Judges & other interested ambitious, haughty & ignorant 
men, who conceited themselves wiser than otlier mortals, as well as more 
worthv) of subjugating 3 or 4 millions of Americans to their absolute and 
uncontroulable Governmt. their Projection woniti prove as abortive, as it 
was unjustifiable, tho sanctified by a solemn previous act of parliamt. In a 
word, 1 had then little and have now much less doubt of ye fatal issue to Brit- 
ain & ye Contrary, with respect to Xo. America ; I wish heartily the Former 
may repent of, & survive their unsp<?akable Folly ; the Latter, I doubt not 
will not only be supported under and carried thro : their uncommon trial, but 
will be made to grow and Flourish pbaps vastly beyond any degree wch. ye 
proud & persecuting country hath ever attained to : But then, (melan- 
choly thought !) probably this Jlom't'slt in g countri/, in idea may in a compar- 
ative small no. of years be redaeed to a similar condition, wth every 
preceeding grand liepublic or Eoipire, wch growing rotten at heart like 
an Antient Oak, have crumbled iatto pieces & have been for ages past to be 
found no more, but in the historic page. This is the State of mortals ! ! 
Its well said '' Pride is not made for man !" May we be thoroughly weaued 
from this & similar considerations- 



MedEeld Aug 10*'' 1778. 
Dear d' Hancock 

I am just informed (how truly I know not) that Mr Hancock was gone 
with a Certain Corps, on ye present expedition agt the enemy at Newport. 

If on his march, pray God to favor him wth health equal to his patriotic 
zeal & these troubled States all that success wch he may see best & further 
it is my devoutest wish, that ye pubilc tranquillity may be restored, thro, 
the present combined force of Fraiice & No. America agt. their British 
enemies. For I doubt not ye Issue of this Campaign (in w*^^ ye scene is 
so much changd) will be ye absolute destruction of ye B. minist' scheme 
agt America : except what relates to ye Xoward wch I presume will con- 
sequentially fall off, upon ye confirmed success of these more S°thern Unit- 
ed States. 

If peace be obtained I should give it as my earnest advice, that ^P Han- 
cock would content himself in improving to ye utmost the degree of health 
& strength wch he may enjoy, w'^his political faculties and infiuence to set- 
tle and quiet ye expected murmurs & complaints w'^'^ naturally succeed to 
the close of every Civil War, especially where liberty will be so extensive 
as among these emancipated Colaeies now free S^- independent States : 
Pater Patrice or Father of his Counliry has been and always must be esteemed 
ye most illustrious Title which any modern or antient Hero, or Lover of 
his Country, has ever heretofore .sostained or may expect, and as Provi- 
dence has seen fit, thus far to iiuMge our generous friend w*^ ye exalted^ 
Charac'er. He seems also to point Qut to liim ye path which he has yet 
to tread in order to its Completion : may it be that " of the just w'^'^ shiueth 
more & more unto y* perfect day." 

We hear y* Combined Fleet & airaay have begun their attack I pity ye 
innocent inhabitants of ye Island: ■h believe a surrender will soon take 



42 ^■''•''\: Early Records of Gorgeana. [Jan. 

place — I wish you the happy sight of Mr Hancock & hope may be this 

week with the agreeable advice of almost a bloodless surrender : in wch 

case communicate ye most sincere & hearty congratulations from 

my dear child, 

Your most affectionate Father 

Edm: Quixcy. 

Pray kiss my little Washington for me. I hope he may enjoy the fruits 
of his parents' patriotism. 

Yr Br & sisters with family well & send love &c. Yr B' & S"" Q from 
Providence lately left 3Ir. Green's youngest son near death «& Mr Hill just 
expired of ye dysentery. 

I hope youv'e Eunice w"" you as y' sister tells me you designed with con- 
sent of Mr II. , 
To Mrs Dorothy Hancock 
iu Boston. 



EXTRACTS FROM THE EARLY RECORDS OF GORGEANA; 
THE FIRST INCORPORATED CITY IN AMERICA. 

Communicated by Samuel L. Boardman, Esq., of Augusta, Me. 

WHERE as the Inhabitance of Pascataquacke Georgeana & TTells in 
the p'vince of Mayue, have here begune to p'pagate and populat thes 
parts of the Cuntery, did Formerly by power derivative from S' Firdinaudo 
Gorges exersise the regulating of the arfayre's of the Cuntery as ny as we 
could according to the Lawes of England & such other ordinances as was 
thought meet & requiset for the better regulating thereof : Now for as much 
as S' Firdinando Gorges is dead, the Cuntery by ther generall letter sent to 
his Heyre in June 1047 & (48' but by the sad distractions in Enulaml noe 
return is yet come to hand : and command from the Parlament not to meildell 
in soe much as was granted to m' Rigby. most of the Com" being dep'"''^ the 
p'vince, the Inhabitance are for p^'sent in some distraction about the regu- 
lating of the affayres of these p'^' for the better ordering wher of tell Fur- 
der order power and Authorryty shall come out of England : The Inhabi- 
tants w**^ one Free and unius Animus Consent doe bynd themselves in a 
boddy pollitick and Combination to see the's partes of the Cuntery and 
p'vince regulated according to such lawes as formHy have bine exersised 
and such other as may be thought meet not repugnant to the Fundamental! 
lawes of our Nation & Cuntery : and to make choyse of such Governer or 
Governors and majestrats as by most voysses they shall thinck meet. 

Dated in Gorgeana: alias Accoin'. the daye of July 1649. The 

priviledg of Accom. Charter excepted : 

At a Generall Courte houlden at Gorgeana alls Accom'* the IGth of Oct' 
1649, before the right worp"^ Edward Godfrey Dep: gov^ m' Nicholas 
Shapleigh, m' Abraham Preble, Edward Rushworth assistants : and 
Basill Parker: Re: Cor: 

Robert Mendam p''sented for giveing publicke entertainment and draw- 
ing wine and beare contrary to a Generall Court order and a towne order : 
Robert Mendam p''sented for letinga company of Fishermen to be drunke 



1881.] Early Records of Gorgeana. 43 

in his house ahoute a fortnight agoe : and also a m' of a voyage so drunke 
that hee coukl hardly goe or spealie: 

For the's 2 p''sentments the Courte sensereth him X£ upon his peticiou 
the Courte abated him -iOs of his fine. 

Tlie wife of Stephen Flanders pr sented for abuseing her husband and 
her neighbours, the Constable to have a warant to bring her to the next 
court. 

Mrs Hilton p'^sented for fighting and abuseing hur neighbours w"^ hur 
tonge : for this she was admonished bye the Court. 

m' William Hilton p'seuted for a breach of the Sabbath in carrying of 
woode hee hiraselfe and others fourth of the woods : this to be travest : 

ni' Wiiliam Hilton p'sented for not keeping vittuall and drink at all 
times for strangers and inhabitants : admonished by the court and forther 
to be delt w"' if comp' 

The names of the grand Jury 

1. mr Hatewill Xutter 8. m' Anthony Emiry 

2. mr Thomas AVithers 9. m'' liichar. Buuckes 

3. uxr. John Alcocke 10. m' Arthur Bragdon 

4. m' Francis Kayni-s 11. m' John Taire 

5. m'' John Hurd 12. ra'' Sampson Auger 

6. m"" Nicholas Frost 13. m"^ Thomas Curtis 

7. m' John Twisden Senio' 

Mr Nicholas Shapleigh chosen Treasurer for this yeare next ensueing, 
and to have full power and authority to demand and reseave all fines and 
Imposte of wine and licors and for any p'son or p'sohs that shall draw wine 
by retaile to paye for ever but or pipe 20s. and for any smaller caske rata- 
bly : and for any Licors iiid. p. gall : and for all Imposte layd upon Wine 
& licor from henceforward to be payd unto the Tresurrer q'terly : and in 
case any p'°° or p''°°' shall deny to make satisfacktion the Tresurcr shall by 
vertu of his warrant compell them them ther unto : and the sayd Tresurer 
to give in an Acco' at everie generaL court if hee bee called ther unto. 

It is ordered this court and power ther of: That all gode people w*-^ in 
the Jurisdickton of this p'vince who are out of a Curchway and be ortho- 
dox in Judgment and not scandalous in life, shall have full liberty to gather 
them-selves in to a Church estate, p'vided they doe it in a Christian way: 
with the due observation of the rules of Christ revealed in his words : and 
every church hath Free liberty of election and ordination of all her otTicers 
from tyme to tyme p'vided they be able, pious and orthodox: 

It is ordered this that who soever directly or indirectly shall raise any 
faction or disturbance to the weakening of the authority of this Jurisdiction, 
shall upon legall conviction bee punished according to law in those cases 
p'vided. 

It is ordered this court : that if it doe justly appeare that any that doeth 
keep an ordnary : bringe in a false acco' of what wine or licor that they shall 
drawe shall be liable to paye double impost for all that they have draweu: 

It is ordered this court : That any Woman that shall aljuse her husband 
or neighljours or any others by approbrious language, being lawfully con- 
victed, for the first offence shall be put in the stockes 2 houres, for the sec- 
ond otfence to be coucked — and if incorrageble for to be whipped 

And for men who are guilty of such like offence's upon lawful! conviction 
are to be dealt w'th all according to the penalty of law in such cases p'vided. 



44 7' -Earh/ Records of Gorgeana. [Jan. 

It is ordered this court: That whereas Jo° Crose by reason of some dis- 
temper is drawne to a general) neglect of I)is Famyly, hy his continewall 
wandering up and downe the country w%ut any nessesary cause, it is or- 
dered any p'"son or p''sons what soever the sayd Crose shall come either at 
Gorgeana Xewiehawaiioke or any other passage w"' in this Jurisdictio. shall 

carry or send him backe agayne to Wells, except he can any just cause 

of his going under the magistrats hand : if he will not be kept at home 
after twise sending backe. the magistrate is for to bind him over to the next 
court wherhee sha be lyable to answer his defalt : If any man shall Ferry 
over John Crose over any River except he can give a just acco of his going 
is to fortit OS. 

It is ordered this Court that the Tresurer is for to provid a pare of Inll- 
bowes & a coucking stole to be payd for out of the publicke stocke, and to 
order the constable that the stockes be set up at m'' lliltons. 

It is ordered this court that m'' Norton the p'vost marshall shall have for 
bis attendance at every court to be houlden for this p'vince xiii s 4d to be 
payd out of the tresury : besides his other Feese: 

It is ordered this court that m"" Parker the Recorder is allowed out of 
the Ticsury three pounds p. yeare so longe as hee contiiies in that place: 

"NVheras ther is heer in tliis River of Paseataquacke a youeth accidentally 
mayntayned & lieins examined boeth how hee came to New Ingland as also 
how hee came to goe one this voiadge hee saieth his name is Tho^ Bar- 
tholme ; was sent for New Ingland by one m'' Parker & was heer in divers 
sarveces : as w"^ m'' Parker, Hudson's son & one Craptree. being in Boston 
was solicited by m' Lymon Overre to goe one this voyage & appoynted to 
meet at the forte poynt. after being at the lies of Sholes m'' Sampson Lane 
sent others backe. would have sent him backe to Boston : but m'' Lvmon 
Overre asked him yf hee would sarve him, And p'mised at his retorne to 
agree w'** his m*^ yf he had any tye one him, &; to pay for his time hee should 
be in his sarvis & that Capt Sampson Lane had noe hand in bringing him 
awaye. 

In testimony wher of wee give this testirao'y Authenticated under the 
seale this p'vince of ^Layne this 29: 9vemb. iGoO. 

Edward Godfrey, Gov'. 

At a Generall court houlden at Gorgeana the loth of Octo' 16.i)0 m'^ Ed- 
ward Godfrey, by the vote of tlie Countrey chosen go' m' Nicholas 
Shapleigh. m' Abraham Preble assistants, and Basill Parker assistant «& 
Recorder. 

Capt. Francis Champanowne pi' m' John Tomson deft, in an acco. upon 
the case for takeing awaye a boate for damage to the valew of 40£ sterling. 

George Rodgers »fc mr' Batcheller pr sented upon vehement suspition of 
incontenancy for liveing in one house together & lieing in one rome, They 
are to be separated before the next court or to pay 403. 

William Wormewod pr'sented for a common swarrer and a turbulent 
parson. Wormwod to be brought to the next court for his sentance. 

Thomas Donstan and his wife pr'sented for neckleckting the ordinance 
of god upon the sabath day. Donstan and his wife for this offence to 
paye lOs. upon comjdaynt here after 40s. 

It is ordered that the Grand Jury is for to have one meale for the time 
of every court. 

It is ordered this court that the inhabitants of cape Nedicke are for to 



1881.] The Yonngman Family. ' ., 45 

be rated for the payment of the ministers wages by such as are appoynted 
to mnke rates for Gorgeana. 

It is ordered that Rubert iMendam shall be j^'mitted to keep an ordnary 
or house of entertaynement for the tearme of one yeare from the date here- 
of w'^ this p'viso. tliar the maigor p'* of the luhabitauoe of the River Pas- 
catiiquacke, be ther w^ content: 

[To be continued.] 



THE YOUXGMAN FAMILY. 

Communicated by Johx C. J. Browx, Esq., of Boston, Mass. 

IN the last number of the Register (vol. xxxiv. pp. 401-4) was given 
a brief sketch of this family, in which the author expressed the 
hope that '' it may interest the descendants and also prove an incentive to 
the lovers of genealogical research to furnish further information." It 
would interest and disgust the descendants of Anna (Fisher) Heath to read 
that she — whose father was a legislator, his will witnessed by the Wares, 
sons of the progenitor of a long line of moral teachers, M'hose first husband 
belonged to the Roxbury tamily celebrated for their patriotic and moral 
virtues, had with the apparent consent of her husband, twenty days before 
his death, married aiiOther. inaugurating polyandry into New England. This 
interest would increase to learn that she had a granddaughter who compli- 
cated her own marital relations by marrying her step-father, for which, 
under the law of IGOo. the participants would have been given forty stripes 
each, exhibited for an hour seated beneath the gallows with the noose 
around their necks, and forever after to have worn in a conspicuous place, 
sewn upon their clothes, the letter I of a contrary color to their garments. 
These examples are enough to show the folly of presenting for publication 
a hasty sketch, ignoring its veritication by the use of material close at 
hand. 

The library of the society furnished ready material, and the city and 
county registers' oti': -e^. bv their admirable indices, guided directly to in- 
formation which the author could have collected in an hour, and by correct- 
ing his sketch saved the Register from misleading those who rely upon 
the general accuracy of the magazine. 

Upon the societv's shelves can be found Lower's " Patronymica Britan- 
nica. The Roxbury Records. Sa%'age's Genealogical Dictionary, Barry's 
Frandngham, "Worcester's Hollis, N. H., and the past volumes of this maga- 
zine, which would have been of service to the author. 

The origin of the name is given by Lower, p. 394: " Youngman ; tlie 
same as Young, the second syllable being an unnecessary addition. Young ; 
this well known surname appears to be of common origin with the classical 
Neander, Juvenal. &c.. and to refer to the youth of the first bearer, at the 
time when it was adopted or imposed." 

'. Francis' Youngman apiiears to have been the first of that patrony- 
j^.ie in this colony. The earliest date attached to this name is Dec. '1, 
1G8.J, when he was married to the widow of Isaac^ Heath (Isaac' William^). 
Her first husband died at the early age of 129, ani[ily proviih'd for by his 
father, who had given him a homestead farm in Roxbury, beside lan<l at 
Brookline. These were settled apon his son Isaac* by his will dated Dec 

VOL. XXXV. 5 



46 The Youngman Family. [Jan 

19, 1681. and his moveable estate was bequeathed to his widow Ann 
(Fisher) Heath, daiigliter of Cornelius and Leah Fisher, of Dedham. He 
father added to her estate by bequeathing to her one-fifth of his real an( 
personal property, after deductinir his special bequests. His will is datec! 
Feb. 3, IGOO, proved 15 June, IG'JO. Savage gives tlie date of his death 
January instead of June, and says he was " the first head of a family whc 
died in the town in a natural way for thirty years." The newly married 
couple purchased in the name of tJie husband. Francis Youngman! an estate 
of about eight acies near Hog Bridge, over Stony River, between what is 
now Centre Street. Roxbury, and the homestead of the Curtis familv.* Rob- 
e! t Pepper owned the next estate north. His grandson Joseph married Anna,' 
the eldest daughter of Francis* Youngman. John Crafts* (Ephraim,^ John,' 
Griffiths*) owned the adjoining estate on Centre Street, and married Eliza- 
beth,' the only remaining unmarried daugiiter. After the death of Fran- 
cis' Youngman. his widow made an agreement (Lib. 43, Fol. 34) with her 
children, by which her son Isaac* Heath should ultimately come in for a 
share of her property. 

Francis' Youngman. cordwainer. married Dec. 2, 1685, widow Anna 
(Fisher) Heath. Ho died July 23, 1712 (a). Their children, born in 
Koxbury, were («, b, c) : 

2. i. JoN.iTUA\, h. Oct. 9, lOSfi. 

3. ii. CoRXELiis, b. S^ept. I, 16.S8 ; m. Mary Story. 

4. iii. EiJENTZER. b. Nov. 2, 16'J0 ; m. Mercy Jones. 

iv. Anna, b. Dec. I, 1695; ni. Joseph Pepper, Dec. 15, 1720 (b, c). 
V. EnzAiitTfT. b. Jan. Ifi'JT-S: d s3on. 
■'^ vi. Elizaceth. b. Jiin. 11, ir.9S-9 ; m. John Crafts, Feb. 5, 1722-.3 (b). 

vii. Leau, b. May-l, 1701 ; d. May2S, 1701 (b). 
vlii. JuUN, birth not recorded; d. July 26, 1711 (b). 

2. Joxathan' Yot:ngman {Francis^), born Oct. 9, 1G86; inherited 
the homestead, and by agreement with his mother had a double portion of 
the personal property. While a resident of Franiino;ham, Dec. 3, 1720, 
he sold the homestead to his brother Ebenezer for £200, reservin<^ a small 
piece of land for his mother. Ebenezer sold the place in 1725 to Samuel 
Gore for £250. He married Sarah . They had : f 

i. Eleanor, b. in Roxhury, July 23, 1710 ; m. Joseph Skillins, of Rich- 
mond, Aug. 19, 1731. 

ii. Sarau, b. in Framingham, June 9, 1713; m. William Ainos, April 
30, 1733. 

iii. Leau, b. in Framingham, April 14, 1715 ; m. Richard Robinson, Auo-. 
28, 1759. 

iv. Anna. b. in Roxbury, " Feb. the last," 1716-17; m. Daniel Marrow, 
June, 1738. 

V. Mary, b. in Roxbury. Feb. !7. 1718-19. 

vi. Francis, b. in Roxbury, July 31, 1720. 

vii. Jonathan, b. in Framingham, ^h\y 20, 1722. 

viii. John, b. in Sudbury, June 1, 1721. A husbandman ; d. in Brook- 
line, Sept. 1745 ; Ebenezer Pierpont, of Roxbury, admmistered 
upon estate. 

ix. Damel, b. in Roxbury, Jlarch 12, 1725-6. 

3. Cornelius^ Youngmax {Francis^), h. Sept. 1. 1C88 ; m. ]Mary 
"Story, of Brookline. They had daughter Mary, who died Sept. 17, 1710. 
Mary, the widow of Cornelius, was married, April 25, 1715, by Hon. Sam- 

* Sep Drake's Hi-tory of Roxt)ury, pp. .309-401, for an accurate description of this nci^jh- 
borlioud, with a picture of the old Curtis homestead. 

(a) Sava;:e's iJict., iv. pp. G71-72. He omiw one Elizabeth. (6) Roxbury Records. 
.(c) Barry's Framinglinm, pp. 3o8 and 4-51. 

t Ban'y's Framiugham, p. 451 ; also Record in office of City Registrar and Reg. Probate. 



1881.] . f The Yoiuigman Family. 47 

uel Sewall, to Philip' Torrey. of Brookliue (JouiUhan,' Philip*). (See rec- 
ord at City Registrar's Office.) 

4. p:BKNEZEir YouxGMAN {Frauds'), b. Nov. 2, 1690; m. by Dr. 
Cotton 3Iather, Jan. 8. 1712, to Mercy Jones (daughter of Matthew and 
Susanna). He was a felt-maker, and carried on his trade near the bridge, 
corner of Planover and Blackstone Streets (as now called). He lived jn a 
biick house on Fish Street, with the rear on CLarke's Square (now North 
Street and North Square). In 1728 he left Boston, giving his wife, her 
brother Thomas an.l Joseph Rix. a full power of attorney. His own prop- 
erty was heavily mortgaged. He probably died away from home. Hjs 
wife administered upon his estate in 17o-l. Amount of inventory of person- 
al property was £13: G: 6 ; beside which he had some land in Woodstock, 
Conn. (New Roxbury originally), valued at £lo. His widow married 
Samuel Rylands, Aug." 21, i7o5,'but was again a widow in 1740, when she 
sold one-tifch of an estate on Milk Street, probably a part of the P. O. site, 
for £150. This estate was inherited from her parents, who also left prop- 
erty on Hanover and Common Sti'eets to their children. Her brother 3Iat- 
thew had his share separated ; the remaining heirs were her brothers Tho- 
mas and Ebenezer Junes, and her sisters Anna, wife of William Swords, 
and Mary, wife of Rainsford Greenough. Children of ]!:benezer {d) and 
Mercy (e) : 

i. Ebexezer, bapt. Jan. 9, 17U-15 (</). Died young. 

ii. Mercv, bapt _ Dec. 2, 1716 (»/) ; in. John Simiaes, March 13, 1734 ; dau. 
Morov ui. Tho'.nns i'nivncs, ropemaker. 

iii. Susan, bapt. Oct. 26. 171S ; m. Edward Chase, Xn^. 26, 1740. 

iv. CoRXEi.iLS. h. Aug. 10. 1120(f) ; bapt. Auir. 11. 1720 (d). 

V. Sarah, b. Feb. 13. 1721-22 ( /") ; m. Jolin Liaits, May 20, 1740. 

vi. Nicholas, b. Oct. 18. (sic) 1723 (/) ; bapt. Oct. 13, 1723 (e)- 

vii. Thomas (^), b. June 5, 172.5 (/") ; bapt. Jan. 13, 172.5(e); m. first, 
Mary Darlini,^ Autr. 22, 1740 : m. second, Mehitnble SinallcdLre, Dec. 
7, 1752; in. tliird.^Su.^^anr.ah Wales, Au-. 20, 1757. xXo children. 

viii. Jons, b. July 20, 1726 { f) ; bapt. July 24, 1726 (e) ; m. widow Martha 
(Marks) Eddy, Jan. I7fiO; d. s. p. 

ix. James, bapt. April 14, 17-.^S (/) ; d. young. 

For an account of the descendants of Xioholas, see Worcester's lli.storyof Ilollis, 
N. II., pp. 20R, 376, 303, etc., which gives mure information than was included in 
the brief sketch. 



Note by the Editor. — The folluwing appear to he the principal errors in the 
brief sketch given in the last number. Francis* was not married in 1681; he 
had daughters Elizabeth- and Leaii.- and a son John,'- omitted there ; he had no 
dauglitcr Sarah to be married to William .Ames. 

Tbe family of lii« (^on Junntiian- wa> entirely omitted ; the Sarah who was stated 
to be a daughter of Fiancis.' \va.- a dauic"ter of Jonathan. - 

The wivlowof E'lfnezer- i;ad for a seco:id husband Samuel Rylands, who did not 
marry her daugliter Mercy — John Symmesor Simmes being the daughter's husband. 
A Son James was omitted. 

One of Thomas's wives was given to his brother John, and John's actual wife 
was omitted. 

id) Record^ of the Xortli Cljinch. Ebenczev- Youiifmian's name being placed nlphahoti- 
caily !.■. the la-t on the cliurch record, and iiie following' n^tt; is made ii^'ain^^t it : "The 
/irsl uho confessed the covenant, [>. 7-5, Jan. 2, 1714-1.5— the Jirst la truly tlie last in this 
install' e." 

(e) N. E. Hist, and Gen. Register, vol. xix. p. 324: Records of the Isevv Brick Church ; 
Merevv;idm..Jan 172-^9. 

(/■) Alphabetical tr.in-cript of City Reconl.-, original not to l)e found. 

{g) Thoiiia.s was a Ijakcr.'died in Jan. 17C0. His IjnKher Joliii administered. The amount 
to dividu wa-i £.3 16 7, " wliicli by la%v Ijolo- gs one half to tlie .-aid Administrator, and the 
othi-r half to Niehoht.-,^ Your.gmaii, tliey liciug the ouiy .surviving brothers of the s;dd Iho- 
mas." Urder of Court, dated il Feb. 1760. 



1881.] Cabo de Baxos. 49 



CABO DE BAXOS: 

Or, the Place of Cape Cod in tue old Cartology. 

By the Rev. B. F. De Costa, of Xevr York City. 

IF the bold foreland knowu as Cape Cod could frame articulate speech, 
what a story its storm-swept shores might tell. It has looked out 
through scudding mists upon the enterprise, the hopes and fears of many 
nations. Histories have been eugulphed in its -naves and buried in its 
sands. Cape Cod, however, is simply the wreck of an old and more ex- 
tensive promontory. Even since the seventeenth century large portions of 
its coast have been devoured by the sea, while other portions have been 
invaded by the silicious drift which has changed fertile tracts into glister- 
ing saharas. 

At some distant period the cape was connected with the neighboring 
isles, though a portion of the islands themselves have now disapjieared. 
The great shallows tell of islands that once rose above the waves. In the 
year 1701 the *• Sloop IMary "' anchored under the lee of an inland of which 
no vestige now remains.* Nevertheless, at tlie beginning of the sixteenth 
century, when the French and Spanish navigators came upon the coast, it 
presented substantially the same aspect as to-day. Then, as now, the mark- 
ed feature of the coast was found in the great riti's which maintained a 
deafening roar, even at a distance being ominous in the mariner's ear. The 
floor of the sea was literally p.loughed up by the roaring tide. The classic 
age, however, had passed away, and ibe sailors, instead of referring to Scyl- 
la and Chary bdis, applied other but not less emphatic names, which, what- 
ever may have been the language, always signified the same thing — The 
Shoals; while the cape was known as The Cape of the Shoals. Ver- 
razano employed the term " sirtis," though others used such words as 
" arrecifes," " faralones," " mallebarre," " baturier " and "Baxos." 

This repellant coast more than once frustrated the scheme of the French. 
Spanish and Dutch navigator, and served, in a sense, to check the advance 
of continental enterprise at a time when Englishmen were not prepared to 
take possession of the IS'ew England shores. Still the English found it far 
from a friendly coast, and for years the advocacy of the Cape Cod Canal 
has been marked by an undertone suggestive of the mariner's woe. 

In his letter to Francis I. Verrazano does not mention the syrtis, though 
the description of his voyage implies a passage around the cape. The 
shoals were probably described in the " little book " to which he refers as 
containing details, while the map of his brother shows them prominently, 
the land opposite being called •• C. della Bussa," which seems to be the 
equivalent of " baturier," applied in fjllowing time. In the old cartology, 
tlierefore. Cape Cod, under various names, is constantly coming to notice. 
Two other points are also indicated, and with even more prominence. 
These are Sandy Ilook and the Bay of Fundy. It is, indeed, by the care- 
ful study of these three features of the old maps that we are able to fix upon 
the true place of Cape Cod, and to indicate how well it was knowu to the 
Bailors and geographers of the sixteenth century. 

* " Journal of the voyape of the Sloop Mary," &c. Albany, 1866, p. 27. " Pre-colum- 
bian Discovery," p. 29, and the Registlb, xviii. 37. 

VOL. XXXV. 0* 



50 r (Jaho de Baxos. [Jan. 

These three points are not iiulicated upon every map, though one, and 
we might even say two, are seldom wanting. Reference, however, will be 
made almost exclusively to those bearing the tlueefold nomenclature. 
These are so numerous, that, taken in connection witli written descriptions 
of the coast, they fix the identity of the places beyond question.* 

The earliest map that has any bearing upon this subject is the anony- 
mous map of 1527, which shows Sandy Hook as '■ c. d. arenas," while 
eastward is tlie word " golfo,'"' which may indicate the Bay of Fundy. In 
1529 we have the map of Ribero, which is similar to the map of 1527, 
though it has more coast names. Besides Sandy Ilook and '-golfo " is the 
indication of " c. de arecifes," though it is placed eastward of what seems 
to have been intended for the Penobscot. These two maps represent the 
voyage of Gomez, about which little is known. It was evidently a partial 
survey, which accounts for the failure of the maps. On the other hand, 
Verrazano examined the coast from the Carolinas to New Foundland. and 
his map is more definite. On this map, besides the " sirtis " and " bussa," 
indicating Cape Cod, we find the 13ay of Fundy, while the Cape of 
Sandy Ilook is also well defined, the name being " Lamuetto."t These 
three points were never lost sight of. The names were frequently changed, 
Sandy Hook often being called the Cape of St. Mary or St. John. To 
Verrazano belongs the credit of giving these points their first definition, 
while his delineation of Sandy Hook exercised a controlling influence over 
French map makers for nearly a hundred years. 

Passing by such maps as that of Ramusio, 1534, and the Propaganda 
map of the same period.$ let «s proceed to the map of Alonzo Chaves, as 
described by Oviedo in 1537, wdio sets Ribero aside until after passing 
northward of Cape Breton, a region evidently not included by Chaves. § 
Drawing upon the map of Chaves, Oviedo shows much knowledge of the 
three points under notice. The latitudes are incorrect, but this is the case 
with maps in general -at that period. The Cape of the Arenas is put too 
far south. The latitude of the Hudson, however, is nearly right, being in 
41° N., and the situation is described perfectly. Thence, Oviedo says, the 
coast stretches north-easterly to Cape " Arrecifes ;" while at a point far- 
ther on is the Bay of Fundy, called " Bahia de la Ensenada." The dis- 
tances, like the latitudes, are inaccurate, but the main features of the coast 
are well described. The Hudson (Rio S. Antonio) is depicted as running 
north and south, while eastward, beyond Arrecifes, there is an '-archipela- 
go."|| This description alone would be sufficient to establish the identity 
of Cape Cod, called "Arrecifes," or the '" Reef Cape." This latter word, 
it should be observed, is Arabic, and is related to the English " reef;" but, 
as the Castilian tongue improved, the word fell out of use, and the pure 
Spanish word " Baxos " generally took its place, though on some charts 
the old •' arrecifes " was retained. The failure to understand this has led 
to much confusion, some supposing that the two names referred to separate 
capes. 

Let us next glance rapidly through some of the maps of this period, tak- 

* A fourth point might be indudeil, as Cape Breton stands on the maps properly relitcd 
to what represented the Bay of Fundj. This, however, will be taken for granted in the 
discu-^ion. 

t Possibly this nnme was raisspcllciJ by the draughtsman. 

I Found "in " Verrazano the Explorer," p. 53, Barnes & Co., 18S0. 
t Ibid. 

II Hi^toria general y Natural de las Indias," &c. Tomo I. (segunda parte) p. 146, ed. 
1852, and Hist. Magazine, 18G6, p. 372, 



1881.] Caho de Baxos. 51 

ing first the so-called "Cabot Map" of 1542. This map shows Sandy 
Hook definitely, as '• C: de S; Juan," v.hile *' Capo de aracefe " stands for 
Cape Cod, and" " rio fondo " for the Bay of Fundy. It is not meant, of 
course, that in these cases Cape Cod is defined in outline, but rather that 
this name is placed on the coast where the cape ought to be.* The defini- 
tion is found in such writers as Oviedo. who. at the point of the Reef Cape, 
describes a headland pu:?hing into the sea. with a great bay beyond and be- 
hind it. Yet however conventional this representation of the map, the 
three points are laid down near their true latitudes, a proportional distance 
apart.f The map of Henry IV. shows " C. de Sablous " (Sandy Hook) 
and "Les Condes " (Fundy). but Cape Cod is wanting.^ Map X. in 
Kunstman's Atlas, shows '■ C: de las arenas," " C. de las Saxas," and 
" Condes." " Saxas " is simply a corruption of Baxos. 

A copy of the unpublished map of John Rotz, 1542, in possession of the 
writer, shows Sandv Hook prominently without its name, and Arricifes in 
its proper place, with the region between it and Penobscot. An ancient 
Spanish map§ of the same period shows •• c: de s: joan," " 11. de las farelones " 
and "ancones." "Fareloties" i« one of those world-wide terms signify- 
ing outlying rocks and shoals, while -ancones" stands for "• fondo," indi- 
cating a deep bay. The flict that in this case '-farelones" is connected 
witli a river forms no olijection. The Bay of Fundy is often called a river, 
and is sometimes indicated by Cape '• fundo." The characteristic thing on 
these old conventional maps is the main term, as the map maker was often 
confused in its application, and readily changed the Cape of Faralones into 
'•river" or "bay." In 1542 Mercator published the plans of a globe, and 
on the Atlantic coast of North America he gave '• C S. johan " for Sandy 
Hook, and " Cabo d. Malabrigo "' (Bad shelter) for Cape Cod. Fundy is 
not shown, but a bay perhaps intended for Long Island Sound is called 
" Baia liondo," a name elsewhere not aj)plied to that coast. Probably this 
was carelessness on the part of the engraver, who should have placed 
" hondo " east of " malabrigo." a corruption of Baxos, if not intended as an 
equivalent. Gomara may be quoteci next to confirm our interpretation of 
the maps. In 1555 this writer gives the three main points, though, like 
some map makers, he puts Cabo de Arenas (Sandy Hook) too far south of 
the Kiver San Antonio, and computes the distance from tliat river to " Cabo 
Bajo," or Cape Cod, at more than a hundred leagues. Thence to Rio Fon- 
do he computes it at about one hundred and sixty.]] Humboldt, however, 
in such connections, teaches us that distances are not to be relied upon ; 

* There was a great deal of ripiity and conventionality about the work of the early car- 
tographer.-, Avho, in the ah-enc-.' of accurate sarveys, would put the names of capes and 
bays on the border of the coast v.-jthout attempting to indicate tlieir form?. Beside-;, their 
work was done on a small scak- that seriously interfi-red with the introduction of deudls. 
Thus poirits were not indiuared except by n.;'me. Thi ca«e of Sandy Hook is a notable 
exception, and for the reason tiiat tlie ^reat bay of New York was a safe reiort for mari- 
ners, and thus was cxplot*..':. io_-'.t::er with th? prominent headland=. Cape Cod, on the 
otlier iiaiid, thou-h Wed kn ■-•.-■.••.:- a ..;an:r',-;'yi- an i unprotitaljle place that w,is never 
explored with any care. Tu • . .r • r 'f N\'v Yo.k art.ears to hav; been visited Ijy the 
French prior to 1.5G2, a- Rio I'lir, -peakin.' of the " xl dCLTees," mentions '• the declaratiua 
made vuto vs of our Pilot- a:! i some otliers that had before been at some of tho-c places 
where we puiposed to sail." Diver- Voyag-s, p. 114. On the Vcrrazano map Cape Cod is 
prominently indicated by the -hoal-, but afterwards, down to the seventeenth ccntaiy, it 
is kmnvn by the names placed on the coast. 

t Sio the map in Jomard's " ilonumentj de la Gtogrnphie." 

i Ibtd. 

5 Carta de Indies, Madrid. 1S79. 

11 Ilistoria General de l.;s India-? y nacvo maado, p. 9, Tome ii., ed, 15-35, edited by Bar- 
cia. liist. Magazine, 1&66, p. ZCS. 



52 Cabo de Baxos. [Jan. 

and we therefore repeat that the three points on the coast are invariably 
placed near their proper localities, and are proportionately distant from one 
another.' As late as the seventeenth century, the distance between Alexan- 
dria and Marseilles was overstated by five hundred miles. 

Next notice the map of Mercator, loG9. which, so far as it concerns the 
geography of the coast northward from Sandy Kook. was more or less a 
failure. This map shows the three features upon which we are dwelling, 
but a part of the work is in duplicate. Elsewhere the writer has shown 
how this happened, resulting in a double representation of the Island called 
by Verrazano " Luisa." This island Mercator calls " Claudia," and again 
"• Briso,"* not knowing that " Briso " was a corruption of " Luisa," and 
that the two names referred to the same thing. " C. de Lexus " stands for 
" Baxos," the " Lexus " being a corruption of " Baxos." " C. de Lexus," 
however, is properly connected with Claudia (Luisa), the modern Block 
Island. oflP Newport. The position of " Lexus " in its relation to the Bay 
of Fundy (C. de lus Condes) and Sandy Hook (C. de arenas) shov/s that 
such a place as Cape Cod was well known. Besides, he puts his Cape de 
Lexus in the right latitude, that is near 41° N. His mistake consisted in 
patting Claudia and Lexus too far east, and in putting the Penobscot west 
of these points. The latitude of Claudia was iixed from the data in the 
letter of Verrazano, which, however did not give the longitude. Neverthe- 
less, on the map of 3Iercator, as on the map of Verrazano. and as stated 
in the letter of Verrazano, Claudia was represented approachable from the 
west by water. TThen, therefore, ^lercator's map is corrected, as respects 
Norumbega or the Penob-cot, it is found to show a substantial resemblance 
to Verrazano. The Ortelius of 1570-1573, 1575 and 1579, copies the 
errors of IMercator too closely, but it is not necessary to dwell upon the 
work in detail, as it sutfices to observe that the delineations of Ortelius 
maintain the identity of Baxos. Ortelius, like Mercator, puts Lexus and 
Claudia in the right latitude, and the Bay of Fundy (B. de los Condes) in 
the proper place, though " C. de Arenas " is too far south. He also du- 
plicates Cape Cod. 

Dr. Dee's unpublished map of 1580, now in the British Museum, does 
not follow ]\rercator in his outline of tlie New England coast, but copies his 
error in putting '• arrecifes " (Cape Cod) east of the Norumbega, though 
showing Sandy Hook and the Bay of Fundy in their proper places. 

Lok's map of 1582 shows Sandy Hook as *' Careuas," but puts Claudia 
east of what was intended for Norumbega, thus reflecting the mistake of 
Mercator. 

In 1583 Hakluyt's friend, Stephen Bellinger, of Rouen, sailed to Cape 
Breton, and thence coasted south-westerly six hundred miles, which would 
have taken him near Cape Cod. He •' had trafique with the people in tenne 
or twelue places."! Hakhiyt says, using the term in the sense of exploring, 
that he " discouered very diligently cc. leagues towardes Norumbega," the 
latter term being used in a loose way. He doubtless saw Cape Cod. 

Bellinger's enterprise seemed to stir up the men of St. John de Luz, 
" who sent lasteyere to sollicite the Frcnche Kinge and his Counsell to plante 
there."$ This explains why Gosnold in 1G02 found in New England " eight 
Indians in a Basque shallop." Brereton says, " It seemed by some words 

* See tbe expl:ination of these errors in " Verrnzano the Explorer," p. 55. 
t See Hikliivt's " Westerne Planting," in the Maine Coll., ser. 2, vol. ii. pp. 26 and 84. 
Edited l)y Chaiies Deane, LL.D. 
X Wesarne Planting, 101. 



1881.] Caho de Baxos. 53 

and signs they made, that some Basques of St. John de Liiz have fished or 
traded in this place."* 

"We find, however, that the oki maps, with all their conventionalisms, -were 
better than the later productions, inasmuch as they represented actual sur- 
veys, while, on the other hand, many modern maps stood for theories. It is 
assuring, therefore, at this stage of the discussion, to be able to refer to map 
XIII. of Kunstman's atlas, bearing the date of 1592, and showing in their 
proper positions, '" C de. las arenas, '' C. de las Saxos," a misspelling of 
Baxos, and the well known Bay of •• Condes." This map was the work of 
an Englishman, as the inscription reads, " Thomas Hood made this platte, 
]o92." 

In 1593 the " Speculvm Orbis Terrte " of de Tode, printed at Antwerp, f 
contained a small map, showing south of Cape Breton '' C. de Lexus," the 
misspelled " Baxos," evidently taken from ]Mercator, "What appears to 
have been intended for Sandy Hook is marked " c. de s. Helena," but the 
map is distorted, and the Bay of Fundy is not mentioned. 

In 1597 Wyttliet's work contains a map with coastline according to 
IMercator, the map being repeated in the edition of 1603, 1 This map 
shows "C. Baixo" and " Cap Hondo" in their proper relations, but the 
name of Sandy Hook is omitted. Mercator, however, is corrected as re- 
spects Baxos, which is put south-west of the Penobscot, in its proper place. 

Linschoten, in 1598, is found giving an accurate description of the main 
divisions of the coast under consideration, though he does not appear to 
have attracted notice. He makes the distance from Rio Fundo to Cape 
Baxos one hundred and sixty miles, and thence to the Hudson one hundred 
miles. § Linschoten's work was pulili?hed in Dutch and English, and was 
found in every navigator's hand. With Linschoten before him, Hudson, in 
1G09, could lay no claim to the discovery of the river which bears his name. 

The next map that claims attention is that projected by Wright and en- 
graved by Molyneux in IGOO. This map is celebrated as being the "new 
map " referred to by Shakspere in " Twelfth Night " (Act iii., s. 2).|| The 
map shows the iniluence of the English who had colonized Virginia, and indi- 
cates also that new ideas had been acquired respecting New England. This 
is very evident from a comparison of the map with a globe made by ^loly- 
neux eight years before. |i The globe, as respects New England, follows 
the school of Mercator and Ortelius, placing Claudia far east of the " Grand 
Bay," intemled for Penobscot Bay. But in the map of IGOO, Claudia is 
placed near 41® N., while the Penobscot, as the " R. Grand," lies east of 
Claudia. New England is reduced to an island by a narrow strait running 

• Mass. Coll., 3 s. viii. 86. The visitors were incorrectlv supposed by a recent writer to 
have licen English. Maine Coll., vol. vii. p. 133. 

t The only copy of this edition of de Tode known to the writer is in the Public Library 
of Grnovii. Switzerland. It does not appear to have any place in our best bililiographies. 

t The editions of 1-597, 1.59S and 1603, together with Magnin's French edition", 1611, pat 
all the latitudes too high. 

^ " From the point of Baccalao to the bay of the riner, .nre 70, miles, fro the bay of the 
Kiucr to the l»ay do lus Ihis, 70. mile-, iVom'thence to Rio Fundo 70. miles, from t'licnce to 
Capo B.ixo 160. miles, and a:,Min to tlic riuer of isaint Anthonv, 100. miles." "Discours of 
Voyages" Book ii. p. 217, ed. 1.09S. 

!i That Shakspere referred to this map appears to have been suggested first by the late 
Mr. L"Tiu\, in 18-39, when writing his introduction to Mr. Mulligan's " de In-ule " of Syl- 
laciu'. Mr. Lenox possessed one of the tlnee known coj.iLS of the map, lately given in 
/flc-s)'m/fe by the Hakluvt Society, though their editor failed to read the map' 'orrectly. 
See Markham's "John Davis," and the 'notice in the Xation of .June 17, ISbO. The Shak- 
spere Society also appears to have failed to aj.preciate the language "and map with the 
augmentation of the Indies," which probably referred to the new world. 



54 ; • Caho de Baxos. [Jan. 

from the St. Lawrence and opening on the New En2;land coast in latitude 
40,° as on the map of Lok.* At the mouth of this strait, in Molyneiix's 
map, " C. de Gamas," or Sta^; Cape, is hiid down, '• Ckxudia," or Block 
Island, being opposite ; thus identifying the " Stag Cape " with Cape Cod, 
so called, perhaps, for the first time, though the name was every way ap- 
propriate on account of the .ibiindance of deer. Far eastward, beyond the 
Bay of " ]\Ienan,"t is a large bay, evidently intended for the Bay of Fun- 
dy. Southward of Cape *■ Gamas " is the Hudson, " R. de S. Antonio," 
though Sandy Hook is poorly delineated. The improvement ot' the map of 
Molyneux over his globe of 1592 is very significant and instructive. 

The " new map." as well as the work of Linschoten. must have been in 
the hands of Bartholomew Gosnold wlien he saileil on his voyage in 1 602. 
This brings us to the reputed •' Discoverer" of Cape Cod.t and recalls the 
fact that Mr. Bancroft, in speaking of Gusnold, says. '• Cape Cod was the 
first spot in New England ever trod by Englishmen. '"§ This, nevertheless, 
is untrue, as other Euglisliraen were on the coa-t of New England long be- 
fore. Nor is it probable that Gosnold was the first Englishman wlio landed 
upon the Cape.|| Still, Gosnold is popularly credited as the '• Discoverer." 
Upuu what, then, is his claim based? The answer h.as already been given, 
as the Cape had been well known to geographers ever since the time of 
Verrazano and Gomez. Under the circumstances, the advancement of Gos- 
nold in this connection is a little curious. 

First of all, it should be noticed that Gosnold made no claim for him- 
self. It is simply recorded that he gave the present name to the Cape. 
On the other hand no e irly writer made any claim on his behalf. It is true 
that, in 1G09, when Hudson was on the coast. Juet. his pilot, wrote in the 
journal, " Tliis is that headland which Captaine Bartholomew Gosnold dis- 
covered in the year 1002. and called Cape Cod."^ Juet. however, uses this 
word, not in the modern sense, but simply to convey the idea of exploration 
or survey. This was the common use of the word in English. In the con- 
tinental languages it was employed in the same way. The failure to appre- 
ciate this fact lias led to blunde"s.** Verrazano says that he " discovered" 
{discoperto) countries that all the world knew were discovered in the mod- 
ern sense, that is found, many years before. Thus also Barlow '-discovered" 
Virginia in 1.084, at a time when the region was already famous; while the 
Dutch in 1CI4 "discovered" jiortions of New England well depicted in 
the published Frciich maps of IGO'J and 1013. All such writers as ]\Iouri 
(Morton), Smith, Bradford, Rosier and Josselyn, use the word "discover" 
in the sense of to explore or survey. Hubbard kept up the usage, and ita 
general signification was always understood. Juet simply meant to say, 

* Alkfoiiscc WAS of the o;iinion tint the Penobscot ran to the St. Lawrence. See. also, 
Lok's map in " Verraz mo the Expl';ar," and in " Divers Voyages." Smicn pioli^ibly re- 
ferred to tins feiumuot Molyneux's map whero he says that "">"ew England is no island." 
" Advertisements," p. 'JO. 

t Hakluyt and othns knew of Manan. .See Mass. Coll., s. .3, vol. viii. pp. 105-23. They 
probably had their int'urmation from E.nglish voyagers. At Whale's Cove in Grand M..nan 
copper i.s found on the surlace to-day. 

J On G'jsnold's voya;,'e, whicii was an unaathorized venture, leading to the confi-ca- 
tlon of his cari,'o liy .sii- \V';dtcr Rnleg . we the aiitlior'a article in the Rf:GX-TER, Julv, IS78. 

{ The Ccuteii-.ial Kdition ..f his Hi.i^.ry, i. p. S'i. Ai-o Freeman', "Cape Cod," i. 29. 

(I Sec IfurudiictiiMi to llidiop V\'!,jie's \)emoirs of th.,- Prote.-t ;nt Episcopd Ctiiirch, pp. 
viii. and ix., cd. LSSO. Prior to !j-5.3, ai least two English expeditions vi^ited the coa-c be- 
tween Nova Seotia and Ca[ie Cud. Tiiis ffiiij.'ct, however, is reserved for sep irate treat- 
ment. It is possible, abo, that Martin Frobisher sighted Cape Cod ia 1586, when sailing 
home from Virginia. 

% The H.ikluyt Society's Henry Hudson (Asher), p. 65. 

•• See " Vcnazano the E.xpiorer," p. 3i). 



1881.] , CahodeBaxos. 55 

that this w;is the headhinfl which Gosnolrl examined. If he had said more, 
Juet n-ould have proved that he w:2.i badly informtd concerning the pub- 
lished maps and relations. 

In this connection the claims of tJie Dutch have never been attended to 
sufficiently. Let us hear, therefore, the report of the Board of xiccounts 
on New Netherlands, dated Dec. 15, 1644, taken from the archives at the 
Hague. It is said : 

'' New Netherland, situate in America between English Virginia and 
New England, extending from tlte South river, lying in 34| degrees, to 
Cape Malabar, in the latitude of 43| degrees, was first frequented by the 
inhabitants of this country in the y«ar 1598, and especially by those of the 
Greeidand Company, but without making any fixed settlements, only as a 
shelter in the winter. For which [.'nrpose they erected on the North and 
South Rivers there two little forts against the incursions of the Indians.""'* 

jNIr. Brodhead puts this statement in a foot note, and says that '• it needs 
confirmation. ''t Tiie coniirmation. however, is at hand, thougli it is not 
found exactly where one would look for it. Nevertheless, Bi-adford says, 
in hi^ K'ttcr to Sir Ferdinando Gorges, of .Tune 15, 1G27, that the Dutch 
on the Hudson "have used tradiu.* there this six or seven and twenty 
years," adding, they '• have begun so plant there of later time.'! Brad- 
ford was certainly competent to speak on this subject. He lived in Holland 
in 1008, and thus had op[)Oi'tunitiei for becoming acquainted with Dutch 
enterprise, while his own interests would prevent him from making any over 
statement.' It must be conceded, therefore, that tb.e Dutch Avei'e thus 
early at the Hudson ; ami. as the ■vfay home lay along Cape Cod towards 
the banks of Newfoundland, they msi.it have been familiar with the region. 
The Hudson was their central point for the trade in peltry, and thence 
they ranged the coast far and wide. They did not publi.ih their operations, 
which would have defeated their plass, but they went back and forth quietly 
collecting their gains, being contentBi with the solid prolits. 

If any additional evidence were wanted, it could be found in connection 
with AUefonsce, who was on the coa«t near the year 1542. In his narra- 
tive it was described as "* a cape whkh is high land, and has a great Island 
and three or four small ones." The reference here appears to be the Eliza- 
beth group, possibly in connection with Nantucket. Eastward of the 
Cape was the River of Norumbeg;!. and south-westerly was the Hutlson, 
" a great river of fresh water," in tVcnt of which lay Sandy Hrxjk, described 
as an " island of sand. "§ AUefonsce knew well the " mighty headland " 
of Gosnold, where " Highland " Eijht now stands. 

Regarding Gosnold himself, it ii clear that he understood the situation 
when he came upon the coast. As the " Concord " approached the ter- 
minus of the Cape, Archer wrote : 

" The fifteentli day we had again sight of land, which made ahead, be- 
ing as we thouglit on an island, by jeason of a large sound that appeared 

• X.Y. Col. ])■>(_■., i, 149. 

t Hi-toi-.v, i. ?/). 

X Mii-s. Coll., iii. 57. The Dutch, howeror, in 1721, hesitated to " impcacli the rights of 
the Eii-lish." Col. MiS., vul. 1. 

§ A full copy of the in:',ir,iscript of AHcfojiscc, so far as it relates to Ainerica, n-as made 
forth" writer iimiertiic superviHon of the Ji'Xe M. D'.\vcz.ic; an^l a< he li'-jms soriie day to 
puh i~h the tr:in.-l:it:uii. til sui.j i-r i- Leie simply to-aehfl upon. T!ie e^:;. .> .-lU,- ! le j^mIj- 
lished were drawn fioui the copy thus oljUiimid. This extract, however, is Uoai the piiutcd 
work. 



56 ^■'' Cabo de Baxos. [Jan. 

westward between it and the main, for coming to the west end thereof, 
■we did {lerceive a hirge opcniisg. we called it Shoal Hope."* 

Airain he says, on the twenty-first, while coasting along the outside of 
the Cape to the" southward, that they saw what they supposed to be the 
'• end " of the water taken for •• a large sound," and the narrative says, 
that finding " there were but thi-ee fathoms a league off, we omitted to 
make further discovery of the same, calling it Shoal-IIope."t 

But why did they apply the name of "Shoal Hope ?" First, why did 
they u^e tlie word " Hope?" The answer is at hand. In the language of 
that perio<l, the term " Hope " indeed h.ad its modern signification, but to 
this was added another and a geographical meaning, being equivalent to an 
opening in the hills. The term, as used in the narrative, had a double sig- 
nificaticin. Gosnold was on the lookout for a passage through the land to 
the Indies. xVs late as 1G60 the land separaring the Atlantic from the 
Pacific was supposed to be only about two hundred and fifty mile>| wide. 
AVhen GosnoM saw the open water, he thought he had what, in modern 
parlance, is sometimes called " a fair show." In the tracts appended to 
the narrative of Gosnold's voyage, among the reasons urged in favor of 
exploration was, that some voyage wouhl yet " conduct us to the hopes 
that men do greedily thirst after," and to a' '• way to be made part over- 
land and part by rivers and lakes into the South Sea unto Cathay, China 
and those passing rich countries lying in the east parts of the world." 

Hakluyt, in setting forth "Inducements" for the voyage "in 40 and 42 
degret-s of latitu<le," appended to Brereton, mentions as his fifth, '-a great 
possibility of further discoveries of other regions from the north part of the 
same land by sea," thus giving the trade to the Indies. 

This was the beautifurdre.am of Gosnold and all the men of his time. 
Derraer, when at New York, in 1G19. where Hudson vainly searched in 1G09, 
fondly believed that he had reached the gateway to the east. It was every 
way fitting, therefore, to call what appeared to he a water gate tiirough the 
land a •' Hope." The term was perfectly intelligible to the geographers 
of the time. But why the "Shoal" Hope? This leads to the statement 
that Gosnold seemed to know bis ground ; as before any shoal water is 
mentioned he applies the name of "' Shoal IIoi;e." while after the shallow 
water is found he confirms the name. It would appear that he had the great 
shoal in mind, and, knowing that he was near it, employed the equivalent 
of tlie Baxos that he had seen on the maps of Wytfliet, and read about on 
the Engli,>h page of Linschoten. Others hail found nothing to boast of or 
to assure their courage in passing along this region, but it would seem 
almost as though Gosnold desired to signalize his visit to this place, by con- 
necting it with something unique. 

That he knew his position is evident. He had come forth on this voy- 
age with the letter of Verrazano in his hand.§ and was in search of the 
region where the Island of Luisa lay, an island which, as " Claudia," was 
depicted near the Cape of Gamas on the map of 3Iolyneux. It was_ the 
"situation in fourtie degrees" that Carlisle desired to_ colonize in 158.3.|| 
It was the exact region '"that Sir Humphrey Gilbert sailed for on his fatal 

• M.'i«s. Coll., Fcr. 2, vol. viii. p. 7-1. 

t liiiil. p. 7-5. Later a " Soiiii'l " v.-.is c.iUcd " Gosnolfrs Hope." 

t '•Verrazano tilt; Explorer." p. 57. . . , ^ .. 

\ See tlic proof in tlie Registek, 1878. Also note the fact that Archer speaks of the 
destinutioii of the voyage as " our purposed place." Mass. Coll., s. 3, vol. via. p. 16. 
U Hakluyt, iii. 184. 



1881.] Caho cle Baxos. 57 

Toyage. This Hakhiyt declares when he prints upon the mardn of his 
page%i-hich refers to Claudia, - The countrey of Sir II. G. Voyage."* Tiie 
old "sirtis" of Verrazano. therefore, crops out in connection with the 
hope of a route to the opulent Cathay through what is now the territory 
of Massachusetts.! He gave the name of Cape Cod to the cape, possibly, 
in a merry mood, as the cod took so rea<Uly to his bait. Bradford gives a 
tolerable resume oi i\\e subject when he writes: 

" A word or two by y'' way of this cape ; it was thus first named by Cap- 
ten Gosnold and his "company. An'': 1GU2. and after by Capten Smith was 
caled Cape .James ; but it retains y^ former name amongst soa-men. Also 
y' point which rirst showed those dangerous shoulds unto them, they called 
"Pointe Care, and Tncker"s Terrour : "but by y' French and Dutch to this 
day call it Malabarr, by reason of those perilous shoulds and ye losses 
ihcy have suflered there. '"+ 

But though the English sailors relished the name giveu by Gosnold, it 
did not immediately pas^s into geography. In 1603. Wyttliet published ano- 
ther eilition of his work, as already observed, containing the map of 1507, 
witli tlic Cape indicated as " Baxos,"' and in its proper place, iu opposition 
to ^lercator. 

In IGOo Ciiamplain came to the Cape, and he says that he named it 
" Cape Blanc," since it contained sands and dunes which had a white ap- 
pearances On one of his maps, however, he calls it '' C. 3Iallebare," the 
bad shoal, or Baxos. 

In 1608, the Fascievlvs GeograpJo.cvsl lays down "C. Baixo" where 
Cape Cod should be. while the •• B. de ensenada " or Bay of Fundy stands 
in its proper position between "Baixo" and Cape " de Breton." Where 
the Hudson should appear there is an indication of habitations, and a river, 
with the word " Comakee." Sandy Hook is not found under any name ; 
while the name of that Cane, " de las Arenas," is attached to the region 
of Cape Ilatteras, with Virginian names standing northward of it. No 
new English map had appeared since that of 1000; tliough the next year 
Lescarbot published his Xouvdle Fr nice, with a map of the coast, giving 
Cape Cod feebly detined as '■ Malebarre." 

In 1 609. after landing on Cape Cod, and passing a night entangled in 
the ancient Baxos, Henry Hudson went southward and reached the Hud- 
eon. All his movements indi'-ate that he knew of the river previously 
through Smith, and that his object was to explore with reference to a route 
to the Indies.TT 

• " Divers Voyage?," p. 64. Hnkln.\ t clearly knew that Mercator gave the v.TOng lati- 
tude as w(ll as wron.i; name to t::ir I-i-mJ. 

t The strait passin:,' wc-tward from Cupe Gamas was, possibly, suggested hy Long Inland 
Sound, which had not been explored, and wLk-h might have been regarded as running to 
the St. Lawrence. 

* !Ma:^^. Coll., s. 4, vol. iii. p. 77. 
i a:uvres :i. 64. 

II " Fascievlvs geoirraphicvs Comp!ecten.« prKcipvarvra Torivs orhis Regionnm tabulae 
circiter centum, vna cum earundem Enarrationibus," &c. Cola am Keiu Bey lohan Bux- 
eniaclKT. MDCVIIL f..l. t>4. 

% Tbe Dutch thcm-elve-. i;e':!are that Hudson proposed two things to his crew, the first 
of which was to " proci e ! on tl;e l;.::tude of 40 degrees to the coast of America, being 
chicfiv moved to thi^ bv l,:tt.;r- a- i cr arts which one Captain Smith had ^ent liim from Vir- 
giiii.i." N. York ColL.'s. 2, vol. ii. p. 3 9. Juet, the pilot, mu~t have had the letter of Ver- 
razano before him ill Ilakluyt's ver:-!on. as was the case with Gosnold. Juet says, "The 
land is verv pleasant arid iii^'h," and V..rrazano savs " a very pleasant place anion? cor- 
taine steepe hilles"; and v^hilc the former speaks of the harbor as "an open sea," and " a 
poo<l harlioiir for all windes," the latter says it was a " pleasant lake," and " well fensed 
from the winde." Asher's Hudson, p. 78, and " Divers Voyages," p. 63. 

VOL. XXXV. C 



^S Caho de Baxos. 



[Jan. 



Magnin, in 1611, pays no attention to Gosnokl, and, to illustrate his text 
uses a map like that of K>03. Mercator's double representation of the 
Jsland of Louisa, under the names of " Claudia " and " Briso " are still 
retained and put in latitude 4-1°, east of the Penobscot ; but eastward of 
the Penobscot is " Cap HoBdo," or Cape Sable, intended for the mouth of 
the Bay Hondo ; while in a south-westerly direction, where it belon-s, h 
" U. Baixo. * ° 

In 1613 Champlain published his work, but paid no attention to Gos- 
??i ; / 'Y""^ """^ ^'■^'' mention him. Tlie Dutch " Figurative map " of 
1614 first shows Cape Cod fairly delineated, but the map remained unpub- 
lished until recent times. Tae English surveys are not indicated, thouah 
Yeuch names translated into Dutch are taken from Lescarbot and Cham- 
plain. This map represents genuine work by the Dutch, who examined 
the cape carefully, and called Plymouth IIarl)or " Crane Bay."t On this 
map Cape Cod is " Staten hoock," and Sandy Hook is '• Saudpunt." " C 
Mallebarre " is attached to tljc shoals out at sea. 

Cape Cod does not appear in any published map as Cape Cod until Sir 
William Alexander published his map in 1 Gl'4. This map does not include 
the region of Sandy Hook, though tlie Bay of Fundv is called " Ar^ral's 
Bay. 'I The map of New England made by the Eneiish, however, did'^not 
prove very serviceable to some navicrators. When o^lf the Cape, in 1G05 
Waymouth's chi-onicler says, " We found our sea charts very false, puttincr' 
land where none is."§ Gosnold, it would appear, did not improve the car! 
tology.^ Though Smith directed Hudsou to search in latitude 40° N., on 
this point he is very emphatic, saying : 

" I have had six or seauen plats of'those Northern parts, so vnlike each to 
other, and most so diflering from any true proportion, or resemblance of 
the Couutrey, as they did me no more good, then so much waste paper, 
though they cost me more."|| Smith, in his own map, published in 1616 
calls the Cape " Cape James."* ' 

The Mercator of Plondius, in 1619, ignored the explorations of Gosnold 
and Champlain, but they put the ancient Baxos in its proper place west of 
the Penobscot, Hondius thus correcting his master, while " C. Hondo " is 
applied to the region of the Bay of Fundy. The latitudes on this map cor- 
respond with Mercator's of 1.SG9, and dissent from those of Wytfiiet and 
Magnm, which put Claudia aear 44'' W. Another map from Houdiu« 
given by Purchas in 1625, corresj.onds with the representation of Baxos in 
1619. In the same volume Purchas gives a map of New England, which 
was an improvement upon Alexander's, and with Cape Cod well delineated 
m the modern way, and with its present name.lF 

L'L"l?nJ*'p.'95^°'^^'^^"° ^^^ IndesOccidentales," &c. A Dovay : Chez Frang-ois Fabri. 
«. 1 "^n '^ "''^?. P^'^ii'^'^ ^^® ^"""'^ °^^° '^i" and Volckertsen, 'of " the Little Fox" and 

1 Encourajrements, p. 216. ' 

Jl^^;:l;i::!-^^;^'' I'-^ybe observed here, that De Br^. in 1619 and 




couered." Boston reprint, p. 2: 



Prize Oue^tfo'n,' m"3 ^''f fi°in'^- ?' ^^'^^ ^" ^^"^ '"^"^^^^ ^''""'^ '" »''« « One Hundred 
from .. Knn/iT lo (^^?"ir*-'^'' 1880; liie name of the Bay of Fundy is incorrectly deduced 
from i ond de la Baie Frang-oise." £ee " Verrazaco the Explorer," p. 38. 



1881.] Margaret Locke, wife of Gov. Willoughhy. 59 

Coming to the year 1C33, we finrl that the Mercator of Hondius dismisses 
Baxos to the limbo of geographical antiquities. The word had done its 
work for the time, and Gosnold's term, " Cape Cod," superseded all other 
names. Nevertheless, "Caho de Baxos" is now drawn out of its obscu- 
rity and sent forth into the world to perform a duty too long delayed, and 
to witness to the honorable and adventurous activity of men who braved 
the danger of Verrazano's '• sirtis " half a century before Bartholomew 



THE DESCENT OF MARGAKET LOCKE. THIRD WIFE OF 
DEPUTY GOVERNOR FRANCIS WILLOUGHBY. 

By Col. Joseph L. Chester, LL.D., of London, England. 

[Ln" the Register for Jannarv, 1876, -was printed an accotmt of 
the Wlllougiiby family, by Ij;-;ac J. Greenwood, Esq., of New 
York, who gives, among other notes from tiie will of Margaret, the 
third wife of Deputy Governor Willoughby, the following, viz. : 
that she left " to her ^'mIqv Elizabeth Loch £100, due her out of 
rents in England." This sentence, meeting tlie eye of Col. Chester 
of London, threw a flood of light upon what had long been a gene- 
alogical mystery to him. In working out the family history of 
Mr. P. A. Taylor, M.P. for Leicester, his intimate friend, and a 
•warm friend to the United States, descended from Daniel Taylor, 
a wealthy merchant of London, a great Cromwellian, and one of 
the Commissioners of Customs during the Conmionwealth, Col. 
Chester found that Daniel Taylor married a second wife named 
Margaret ; and at\er many years he discovered that she was a daugh- 
ter of William Lock, of AMmbledon, Surrey, Gent., and found rea- 
son to suppose, from some of tlie family papers, that slie had re-mar- 
ried a "Willoughby. The sentence above quoted from Margaret 
Willoughby's will gave tlie needled clew, and opened a phice for her 
in the Lock pedigree, which Col. Chester had already drawn up, 
including "all the Locks who ever lived in England." The follow- 
ing abstract of these researches of our learned fellow-countryman was 
kindly sent by him to ]Mrs. Salisbury, wife of Prof. Edward E. 
Salisbury, of New Haven ; and is by her contributed to the Reg- 
ister, with some few notes added by her husband. Mrs. Salisbury 
is a lineal descendant, both on the side of her father Judge Mc- 
Curdy, and that of her mother Sarah Ann Lord, of Lyme, Conn., 
from Gov. Willoughby by his liiird wife ^largaret, through their 
daughter Susannah, wife of Nathaniel Lynde, of Saybrook, Conn., 
a brother of the first Chief Justice Benjamin Lynde, of Massa- 
chusetts. 

The paper here published, wJiile interesting to a wide family-cir- 
cle, cannot fail also to attract the notice of students of our colo- 



CO Margaret Loche, icife of Gov. WiUoughby, [Jan. 

nial historv, to whom the name of Gov. ^Villoudibv must liave be- 
come ^un:har. Col. Chester's authorsinp will .Jve it additional 
v<.lue for c,np.panson with the '■- Historical Account of the Locke 
l^amily mEnulaiid,' reprinted from the " Gentleman's .Alaoapcine " 
or 1 . )2 -\ 01 b2 which is appended to the " Book of the Lockes *' 
bv John Goodwm Locke, a member of the Xew En-land Historic 
Gencaloo-ical :^ociety, published at Boston in 1853. P~rof. Salisbury's 
notes give some additional details respecting certain persons 'of 
the name ,n England, drawn from this last named work, and point 
out a ditterence or two between the two statements. But Col. Che- 
tcrs paper will be found distinguished bv a completeness and tho- 
rougimess, genealogically considered, beyond comparison with the 
older account. 1 ^ 

.Ji, ■ ^'^^'!;"'\^"'^^'\ (T^-^-^-k. Lok, or Loke, as the name was indifferently 
spelt ni ear.y t.^i.^.) had t^vo sons, viz., .John Locke, citizen and mercer Jf 
London, who uit-a m lol9. leaving no issue, and 

v!t fT' ^"'b.^''' ''^^'^^" ^"^^ '"^^•ce^ f>f London, who died in 1507. 
^} h. w,fe Joanra W ilcocks. of Kotheram. co. York, wlio .lied in 1512, and 
^^a. buried wu!.],.r Lu.band in Mercer's Chapel, he had an only son, viz., 

abou M«.''\ i '' '1 '^'',''^'''', '■^1'^'^^™=^" of London, who was born 
!n?r;,; ; ' ;^?:V'^'-^^"«^'i to the freedom of London, at the end of his 
api rentice.hi;,. m loO.. He sncceeded to his father's business and estate, 
am became an ennnent tradesman and citizen. He received the roval ap- 
pomtn.ent of Mercer to Ku^g Henry VHL. with whom he was an Especial 

Pn^' ■ '''7'^ ^ ^'-'^^ '^'^ ^'"?'^ ^''''^'^ Chamber, and occasionally ' 
entertannng him at duiuer at his house in London. There are reoonls 
luvTT T^ n^-^terials furnished by him to the roval houseliold, in- 
ch. ng Queen Anna Boleyn and the Princess, afterwards Queen, Eliza- 
beth as also \Un Colliers, the King s Jester. After being several years 

o thp'sT? n' ?'' ''^'T'^ ^^''"'^^ ^^ ^°"^«" ^" l'^^'"^' ='"'l ^=^^ knighted 
on the dd of Octob.r m that year, but died before it was his turn to become 
i-o! a Jiavor. 

J5ir Wihiam Locke married four wives : 

1st Alice, daughter of a citizen and fishmonger of London named 

Spencer, who has not yet been identified. She died in 1522, and was 

buried in Mercers' Chapel. 
2d. Catherine, daughter of Wilh'am Cooke, of Salisbury. She died in 

childbed of her eleventh cliild (Sir AVilliam's twentietli) 14 Oct., 1507, 
^ and was Ij;ir:,:d at Mertori. in Surrey. 

" r n^^''ru7"' "■'^""' ""^ ^^'^'^''-''' ^^'''''^' Tliey were married at St. Law- 
Kr\ /'r'"-"' Z^""'^''"' ^-^ ^^'^y- l'^^*^' J^e^ fi^^t I'l'^band having 
been buned there the preceding 20th of January. She died in 1546, 
naviiig had no issue. 

4th. EHzabetIi, widow of Robert Meredith, citizen and mercer of Lon- 

n^VmiUl^uZ^l'i^.^?^,^^^^^^^^ ^>'^' "undcrtrxjkto ^o over to Dunkirk 

th hj i him rn '^ [ ■- -/^/''-'' f''-^ Kit,- -,,nte.l Lira a freehold m' £100. p.r nnnu.n, 

ci-e-t-" A Ln ■; r- >•' i . " ''"''■ ''^' ^'"-' ?enil.jiiif-n of -hi.s privv chain rxr." The 

shicdde^crie/ v'r^^ r^^^^ "^ a cushion or "-oive.i by Burke to the Lockc<, with the 

Et a« ar „ 1 nl, hr. . 'r* P " '^' '^'' ?"'' °^ *'''^ P^^P^'"' P'-^'^^l^ly symbolizes this ex- 
piuii dh an upuolUiug ot the i'rotestant pulpit. 



1881.] Margaret Locke, xcife of Gov. Willougkby. 61 

'"' don, and formerly wife of Hiitton. Their marriage-license was 

granted 28 January. 1547-S, her husband Meredith having been bu- 
ried at St. Lawrence, Jewry, 9 Jan.. 15-iG-7. She survived Sir ^\ il- 
liam Locke, having no issue by him, and was buried in Mercers' 
Chapel, London, 5 Dec, 15.5L The curious feature of this marriage 
was that she was the second wife and widow of Sir William Locke's 
own son-in-law, Robert Meredith having tirst married a daughter of 
Sir "William by his lirst wife, as will be seen hereafter. 
Sir William Locke died at the age of about 64, on the 24th, and was 
buried in Mercers' Chapel 27 August, 1550. (In the •• Diary of Henry 
Machyn," published by the Camden Society, will be found an account of his 
burial, at page 1, and at page 12 an imperfect one of that of his last wife.) 

By his second wife, Catherine Cook, Sir William Locke had eleven child- 
ren, viz., Dorothy, Catherine. John. Alice, Thomazin, Francis and a sec- 
ond John, of none of whom is there anything of particular interest to re- 
cord. The first two married tradesmen in Loudon, and the others died 
without issue. 

Elizabeth, one of the dauehters. married, first, Richard Hill, citizen and 
mercer of London, and second, after his death in 1568, the Right Rev. 
Nicholas Bullingham, Bishop of Worcester. By her first husband she had 
thirteen children, one of whom. Mary, married Sir Thomas Moundeford, 
and was mother of Bridget, who married Sir John Bramston, Lord Chief 
Justice of the King's Bench. 

Rose, another of the daughters, married, first, Anthony Hickman, of Lon- 
don, Esq., and second, Simon Throckmorton, of Brampton, co. Hunting- 
ton, Esq. By her first husband she was ancestress of the Earls of Ply- 
mouth, their grandson Dixie Hickman having married Elizabeth, eldest 
daughter of Henry, fifth Lord Windsor, and had a son Thomas, who suc- 
ceeded his uncle (by limitation of the patent) as seventh Lord Windsor, 
and was created Earl of Plymouth. 6 Dec, 16^2. The title became ex- 
tinct only on the death of the eighth P^arl, 8 Dec, 1843.* 

Of the sous,t Michael Locke Ijecama a merchant of eminence in London, 
and was twice married : first, to Joane, daughter of William Wilkinson, 
Sherifi:"of London, and second, to Margery, widow of Dr. Cfesar Adelmare, 
by whom she was the mother of the celebrated Sir Julius Caesar. Michael 

• This daughter of Sir William Locke, in certain "memoires" oricrinallv inserted in a 
family Bible, ami long carefully pre5er>-ed in the female line of her de?cjndants, " says that 
in the tyine of her tir^t husband, Anthony Hiclvman, after the death of Euward the Sixth, 
Queen Mary changinge the relliirion, her huii;iiiid and her elder brother Thomas Lock, bc- 
inge merchants and partner';, they lined to gcather and sheltred manie of the godlie 
preachers in tlieire tiou?e ; but the Qaecn inioyiiinge ail to come to mass, and pcrsecutinge 
the refusers, they were forced to l^t tLL-m goe. friumg them monie ; -he mentions Hooper, 
Fox, Knox, and'one Reingt-r for wiii.-ii iier ha-b.^nd'and brother bciin'e questioned bi-iure 
the commissioners (she calis them high eonimi.-'-ijners) were committed close prisoner- to 
the Fleete, and then >hee telU how they gott out ; . . . . after which she says her husband 
went to Antwerpe, tooke a house there at 40 pounds rent, sent for her, but she being with 
child could not goe, but went into Oxfordshire to a gentleman's house . . . wher she was 
deliuered ; names not the child . . . but says she went to Cranmer. Latimer and liidlie, 
prisoners then in Oxford, to know whether sue might chri-ten her child in the Popish man- 
ner. They answered her that baptisme was the Ica^t corrupted in that church, and there- 
fore she might . . . but she says she put sucrar inste-ad of salt into the Landkercher which 
was to be deliuered vuto the priest, alter which she went to Antwerpe to her husband, left 
2 houses of her husband's, well furnished, one in London, another at Ituaiford, taking noe- 
tliing but one feather bed" . . . etc. 

t This is in conformity with the statement of the "Gentleman's Magazine," and not with. 
that of the author of the " Book of tiie L^xkes," who conjectured that this Michael was a 
brother rather than a son of Sir Wjiiiam. From Michael was descended, in the fourth 
generation, the philosopher John Locke, born Aug. 29, 1C32. 

VOL. XXXV. 6* 



Q2 Margaret Loche, icife of Gov. Willoughby. [Jan. 

Locke bad by his first Mrife five sons and three daughters, the eldest of 
whom, Zachary Locke. Esq.. died in 1603, being then' Member of Parlia- 
ment for the Borough of Southuark. 

The interesting fact in the history of Michael Locke is that he was the 
original patron of the celebrated .Si"r Martin Frobisher in his earliest expe- 
ditions.* He was living as late as 1611. 

The other sou, Henry Locke, was also a citizen and merchant of London. 
He married Anne Vauglian, and had issue a daughter Anne, who married 
Kobert Movie, of Cornwall, whose descendants intermarried with the St. 
Aubyns and Frideauxs. among the best families in tliat countv ; and two 
sons, viz., Michael, to whom the historian Hakluyt left a legacy' in his will ; 
and Henry Locke (or Lok). a poet of some no'te in his day.'an edition of 
whose scarce productions was issued in 1871 by the Rev. Dr. Grosart 
(nearly the wliole of the biographical introduction to which I had the plea- 
sure of furnishing, and which upset all the conjectures and theories of 
previous wi iters). 

We now return to the children of Sir TTilliam Locke by his first wife. 
Alice Spencer, who were nine in number, eight sons and one daughter, viz. : 
A\ illiam, Peter. Richard, and "William'; the first, second, fourth and" 
fifth sons, all died in infancy or childhood, before their mother. Philip, the 
seventh son, died in 1.52L unmarried. Edmund, the sixth son, lived until 
lo45, but died unmarried. One of the old heralds added to the entry in 
one of the visitation-pedigrees : •• He died for love of Sir Brian Tuke's 
daughter." 

Mattliew Locke, the eighth son and youngest child, but second surviving, 
was a citizen an.l mercer of London* and married Elizabeth Baker, by 
whom he had an only daiighter Elizabeth, who married Richard Candler, 
Esq., and had an only daughter Anne, who married Sir Ferdinando Pley- 
borne, Kt., one of the Gentlemen of the Privy Chamber to Queen Eliza- 
beth, Matthew Locke died in 1.3.32. 

Joane (or Jane, for she is called both), the only daughter, married Rob- 
ert Meredith, citizen and merce.- of London, who, after her death, remar- 
ried Elizabeth Hutton, widow, who in turn, after his death, remarried Sir 
William Locke, father of his first wife. From this Robert Meredith and 
Jane Locke descemls the present Earl of Romney, through their dauL'hter 
Mary, who married Richard Springham. whose daughter' Magdalen ^mar- 
ried Thomas IMarsham. whose son was Sir John Mar-,ham. Baronet, whose 
grandson was created Lord Romney in 1716, whose grandson was created 
Earl of Romney in 1601. 

. ^^'<;.''«;^"''" "ow to the third son. but eldest and only surviving child, of 
Sir William Locke, by Alice Spencer, his first wife, viz.': 

IV. Thomas Locke, who was born on the bth of February, l-jl-i-lo, 
and became, like his fathers, a citizen and mercer of London, 'lie mairied, 

* In the Cottoninn Library- is a MS. written by thi? Michael Locke, in which iie says that 
at the a.^reof tliirtcen "\v::\.\> -out over tlie sea, to Flunders and France, to learn their 
lan-nagcs, and to know t!:e worll, since which rime he has continued these 32 ve:;rs to tra- 
vel in body and mind, followii:;.' iiis vwation in the trade of merchandize, p;T;»ing t!irou?fa 
many countries, had the c!i irL'e of and captain of a ^reat ship of more than 1000 ton';, three 
years in divers voyage?; and that he ha-^ more than 200 sheets of MSS. of hi.s travels." 

Hakluyt's Voya-es contain a " Hi-torv of Sir Martvn Fro(,i-h.re's Voya-e for the Dis- 
covery of a Pas.-age tov.-anl- Cathay, in l-'74, written \,\- Mi''', :.-! Lorke, Locke h:m-e!f 
beinija great adventurer ti.e^^-;n :" and Hakliivr sp.rak-' thu- uf the map: " ine rn^'pr^e is 
master Michael Locke's, a man lor his knowlt^di'e m divcr.s lan^ua^'es, and especiaUV in 
cosmographie, able to do his country good, and worthv in my judgment, for the manifolda 
good partes in him, of good reputation and better fortune." 



1881.] Margaret Loche, ivife of Gov. Willoughby. 63 

19 Jan., 1544-5, at St. Peter's, Cheapside, London, Mary, daughter of 
Simon Long, of the Isle of Wight, who, after his death, remarried Dr. 
Owen, and subsequently Sir "William Allen, Kt., Alderman of Loudon. In 
1552-3 he obtained from King Edward YI. a grant of the Rectory of Mer- 
lon, CO. Surrey, which remained in the family for about one hundred years, 
when it was sold.* His line had their residence during this period at Mer- 
ton Abbey, some members of it, however, continuing in business in London. 
He died at his London house, which was in Walbrook, and was buried in 
Mercers' Chapel, 30 Oct., 1556. His issue were five sons and two daugh- 
ters, viz., William, Rowland, Matthew, John, Thomas, Mary and Anne, 
some of whom died before their father, and of the others no subsequent 
trace has been found, except the third son, viz. : 

V. Matthew Locke, who, as eldest (and probably only) surviving son, 
succeeded to the estate at 3Ierton. He was born about 1558. He mar- 
ried jNIargaret, third daughter of his stepfather, Sir William Allen (his 
mother's third husband) by his first wife Joan, daughter of John Daborne, 
of Guildford, CO. Surrey. He died in June, 1599, as ''Matthew Locke, 
Esquire, of ^lerton," and was buried with his fathers in Piercers' Chapel, 
London. His widow remarried Sir Thomas ^luschampe, Kt., of Loudon, 
and of Mitcham, co. Surrey, whom she also survived. She died 25 Aug., 
1624, and was buried with her first husband in Mercers' Chapel. 

Their issue were as follows : 

1. Thomas Locke, who succeeded to the estate at Merton, which he sold in 1646. 

He died about February, 1656-7, leaving a widow Jane and several children. 

2. Robert Locke, who continued the business in Londun, where he died. lie was 

buried at St. Alphage, 9 Sept.. 1()25, and apijended to the entry of his burial 
in the Parish Register are the descriptive words "a good parishioner." 
By his wife Elizabeth, who was living his widow as late as I6iT, he had 
four sons and three daughters, viz., .Matthew, William, Robert, Thomas, 
Mary, Elizabeth and Margaret, of whom Thomas and Margaret died before 
their father, and William died before 1047. At this last date Matthew and 
Robert were still living, the former being then a citizen and scrivener of 
London, as also Mary, married to Hugh Justice, and Elizabetli, married to 
Edward Mason. 

3. Francis Locke, who was living in 1599, but of whom I find no later trace. 

4. William Locke, of whom hereafter. 

5. Mary, who was still living in 1623, wife of Edward Thrille. 

6. Elizabeth, who was living in 1599, bat died unmarried before 1623. 

7. Anne, who died unmarried between 13 April and 23 May, 1623, and directed 

in her will to be buried iu Mercers' Chapel. 

The fourth son of Matthew Locke and Margaret Allen, viz. : 

VI. William Locke, was sometime of ^lerton, and afterwards of Wim- 
bledon, CO. Surrey, his condition, as near as I can make out, being that of 
a country-gentleman in comfortable circumstances. He married Susanna, 
one of the daughters and coheirs of Roger Cole, of St. Saviour's, South- 
wick. CO. Surrey, Gentleman, one of the Proctors of the Court of Arches. 
In 1623, the date of the Heralds' Visitation, they had only a daughter 
Mary living, from which it is evident that the marriage had taken place not 
very long before. This daughter ^^lary probably died young, as she was 
not named in her father's will, which was made 10 June, 1661, and of which 
the following is a full abstract : 

• Merton estates seem to have been held by members of the Locke family at an earlier 
period, perhaps even as early as 1291, certainly in 1499. The author of "Book of the 
Lockes " ^ays he thinks " it is evident that they belonged to the Loclvcs before 1652, as the 
second wife of Sir William Locke was buried there, Oct. 14, 1537, and Sir William himself 
In 15o0." 



64 Margaret Locke, wife of Gov. Willoughby. [Jan. 

I, William Lock, of Wimbledon, co. Surrey, Gentleman— As to the houses in 
M.baviours, bouthwark, given and bequeathed by my father in law Mr. Rocrer 
Cole to busanna my wife and her children, whereas there is an agreement between 
my children that sa.d house, shall remain to such of them as I and their mother 
shall appoint on condition of my settling on the rest of them portions of a crreater 
value than he divisions of said houses would amount to, which portions I W 
made good to my three eldest daughters, Hannah, Susannah and .4r.^ret whom 
1 have bestowed in marriage, and whereas I shall lease an estate in la'nd for Tho- 
f^^^K""?' ''"'^ P'''^''^! otherwise for Elizabeth my dau<;hter, 1 now appoint that 
five brick tenements, and another known formerly as theTTaden House all on the 
f,To Tf \^^'- ?°=" ^'^^^ "f ^^oi-es^id, shall remain to my daughter Sarah 
Lock and her heirs forever, and the two other houses in said parish, next the 
Thames, m tenure of Mr. Robert Bowes, I give to my daujhter Jane Lock and 
her he.rs forever-To my wife Susanna 4 brick tenements, called Beane Acre, in 
nlrnfW*"''MT'^x'i'^fn'"=-t^^"^ thereout to my daughter £lizabeth-To the 
poor of Wimbledon, £3-All residue to my wife, whom I appoint my executrix. 

^!^}\'^'^}^^V^oje^'^ the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 7 June, 
VcJn '^y ^"^^""^ Lock, relict and executrix. She was still livin^ ^b Oct., 
1670 when she proved the will of her daughter Jane, after which I have 
failed to find any further trace of her. All that I have been able to ascer- 
tain conceraiug their children is as follows : 

1. Thomas Locke, only son, who was still living 19 March, 1669-70, with two 

children, Henry and Susanna. , 'tu iwo 

2. Mary, who. as we have seen, evidently died yount' 

liv" n^-' I'efig-To'' "'^'^' ^^^""'^ ^" ^'''''"'^ will,"Thomas Bragne. Both were 

4. Susanna, who married at Wimbledon, Surrey, 8 Oct., 1657, the Rev. Jamea 

Stephenson then the Puritan Vicar of Martock, in Somersetshire, who was 
^•^'T '' -'M^x ^'^^ u° '''^^u "°' ^^ ^""^ '" Palmer's " Nonconformists' Memo- 
rial n J71), to whom she was second wife. She was buried at Martock 
iiviK'l6fi9-70^^'''°° two daughters, Susanna and Mary, who were both 

5. A/'/ryar"/, of whom hereafter. 

6. -Eliiab^t^ wh^o was still unmarried at the date of her sister Margaret's wiU, 

'^' ^^i'-n"" '^^1^'^'°S unmarried in 1661, but evidently died before 19 March, 
lbfi9-/0, as she was not named in the will of her sister Jane, 
'^ane, who died unmarried. She made her will 19 March, 1669-70, as of Wim- 
Sd'" ThTf M *""' ofthe'laucrhters of William Locke, Gentleman, de- 
ceased. The following is a full abstract of it : 

To my dear and honourable mother Mre. Susanna Locke, £20— To mv 
brother Mr. fhomas Locko £10.— To my sister Mrs. Hannah Bra^r^e £20^ 
{^^^^'i'o'rf ^J^'-^^^'^.^^'l WUloucjhby £IO.-To my sister Mrs. ^Elizabeth 
l>)Clce ±.^0—lo^ranas and Susanna the (wo children of mv sister Wil- 
lou(jhhy each 50 shillings— To Susanna and Henry Locke, the children of mv 
brother, and to Susanna and Mary, the children of my sister Stephenson. 
each 20 shillings— lo the poor £5, at the discretion of my brother Mr Tho- 
mas Bragne— fo the poor of Wimbledon 40 shillings-All residue to mv 
mother Mrs. Susanna Locke, and I make her my executrix. 

,X^®,^''^ was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 25 Oct.. 
16/0, by the executrix. 

I have searched every possible source for the wills of the mother Su- 
sanna, and Thomas the son, in vain, and, as they were not named bv Mar- 
garet W illoughby m her will, the presumption is that they died betbre her. 

VVe now return to the fourth daughter and fifth child of William Locke 
and busanna Cole, viz. : 

yil. Margaret Locke. She was first married at Clapham, co. Surrey, 
» August, 1654, to Daniel Taylor, a wealthy citizen and haberdasher of 
l-ondon, descended from an ancient famUy in Huntiugtonshire, ancestor of 



1881.] jSIargaret Loclce, icife of Gov. Willoughhy. G5 

Peter Alfred Taylor, Esq., for many years and still !M.P. for Leicester. 
She was Mr. Taylor's second wife, he having buried his tirst on the pre- 
ceding Sd of February. He settled upon her a considerable jointure, 
and died within a year after the marriage, being buried in London on 
the iOth of April, 1655. She had no issue by him. She remarried, proba- 
bly in London (exactly when or where it is iQinossible to ascertain, 
owing to the deficiencies and irregularities in parish-registers at this 
precise period), certainly as early as 1659, Francis Willoughby, Esq.. v,-ho 
had been some years in Xew England, but had returned to England, and 
was one of the two members for the borough of Portsmouth in the last 
Parliament of the Commonwealth, which assembled on the 27th of January, 
1658-9, and was dissolved on the 22d of April following. In the parish- 
register of St. Olave, Hart Street, London, is an entry that their son 
Francis was born 29 Feb., 1659-60. They shortly after emigrated to New 
England, and the rest of their history must there be sought. 

Tiie maternal descent of Margaret Locke-Taylor-Willoughby was as 
follows : 

I. William Cole, of IIittitfleip:h. co. Devon, livina 1"243. whose heir, 
II. Roi;er Cole, was of Chumlv^i^h, in the sanif county, and was living as 
late as 1301, in which yearlie is supposed to have been slain in an ex- 
pedition agaiu-^t the Scot^. as also his son and heir 

III. Rontr Cole, whose son and heir 

IV. John Cole was summuned to represent the county of Devon in Parliament 

in 13-23-4, and was living in 1341. His son and heir 
Y. Sir John Ct>A', of Brixham, was in the military service, and was knighted 
on the field, in France, '2b July, 1380. He married Anne, daughter and 
heiress of Sir Nicholas Bodngan, Kt., of Gorrans, in Cornwall, by whom 
he had issue 
YI. Sir William Cole, Kt., who married Margaret, daughter of Sir Henry 
Beaupell, Kt.. and was lather of 
YII. .Sir John Cole, Kt., who attended the Duke of Gloucester at the battle of 
Agincourt, '25 Oct., 1415, and is suppo.«ed to have tlien received his knight- 
hood. By his wife Atines, daughter of Sir Fitzwarine, Kt., he had 

four sons, of whom the third, 
YIII. [Villiam Cole, had two sons, the younger of whom, 
IX. William Cole, was father of 

X. John Cole, of Sudbury, co. Suffolk. (Thus far the descent is from the 
elaborate pedigree drawn up in 1630 by William Segar, Garter King of 
Arras. What follows is in the outline from the Heralds' Yisitations, but 
elalxjrated from my own researches.) He married Elizabeth, daughter 
of John Martyn, by wliom he had hve sons. Our line is through the 
second son, viz. 
XI. William Cole, of Sudbury, who married Catalina, daughter of Ferdinando 
de Galleiros, a Spaniard of noMe extraction, by whom he had two sons, 
the eldestof whoai died without issue, when the second became heir, viz. 
XII. Roger Cole, of St. Saviour's, Southwark, Co. Surrey, who siirned the Visi- 
tation-pedigree of lfi-23. naming his wife as Anne, daughter of FMward 
Alaisters, of Rotherhithe, co. Surrey ; his >ons R.'ger. Fioger (the second) 
and John, as all dead without i.-sue ; and his three daugliters, viz., Eliza- 
beth, married to William Plaud, of London; Catalina, then unm. ; and 
XIII. Susanna, then wife of William Lock, oj Merton, co. Surrey. 

It will be seen, therefore, that, Susaima Cole being a coheiress, her hus- 
band William Locke was entitled to impale her arm.s, which are — Argent, 
a huil [ia-;?aiit gules, armed Or, within a bordure sable bezantee. 

The arms of Locke are — Per fesse azure and or, in chief 6 falcons volant 
of the second. 

It follows, also, that the descendants of Francis AYilloughby and Mar- 
garet Locke, who are entitled to bear arms, have the right to quarter these 
two coats. 

London, '21 Feb., 1880. 



66 Letters of Gov. Shirley and Col. Moulton. [Jan. 



LETTERS OF GOV. WILLIAM SHIRLEY AND COL. JERE- 
lUKll MOULTON, 17.44. 

Communicated by N. J. Herrick, Esq., of Washington, D. C. 

I SEND for the Register another letter of Gov. Shirley to Col. 
Pepperrell {ante, xxxiv. 3S4). The Hon. Jeremiah ]\Ioulton. 
who signs the letter enclosing it, was colonel of the Third Massa- 
chusetts Regiment (see Register, xxiv. 371). An account of 
Judge Hill, to whom ^Vloulton's letter is addressed, will be found in 
this periodical, xii. 2G3. 

Boston April 19% 1744. 

Sr. These are to Direct you forthwith to Send out Your Orders to the 
Several Commanders of the Mihtary Companies in the Regiment under 
your Command to take a perfect List of all persons in their District obliged 
by Law to appear under Arms upon any Alarm and to take Elfectual Care 
that all Such persons & all others be Compleatly furnished with Arms & Am- 
munition according to the Directions of the Law; And Transmit to You the 
Lists so taken as also an acco' how they find the persons within their Com- 
panies provided. And thereupon You do as Soon as may be make out a 
List of the Companies in Your Regiment — Expressing the names of the 
Commission officer only and the number of the whole ; and also that You 
Report to me in what Condition the Companies Generally are as to Arms 
& Ammunition — And that you take an acco' from the Selectmen of each 
Town in Your Regiment of their Town Stock of Arms & Ammunition and 
Examin them by Law and Your Lists & Inform me Immediately Particu- 
larly as to each Town how far they are Conformable to the Law in that 
Case. Yr. friend & Servant 

W. Shirley.. 

To Coll" William Pepperrell. 



Kittery May 14"^ 1744. 
Dear Sr. 

The above is a Copy of a Letter I Received but last Friday from the 
Govern'. I would have you forthwith to Send the Same to Berwick and 
Direct each Cap' Immediately to comply with said orders and to send me a 
list of their men and how they are provided with arms & ammunition both 
the men and the Town for a Stock. I have Directed Maj'^ Shapleigh to 
Inquire into this Town and Do you for York and be sure to Dispatch the 
inclosed Letters forthwith. 

Cap* Edward Tyng Commander of the Province Galley called me out 
of my Bed last night about 12 of the Clock and Shewed me a Letter from 
Govern'' Shirley that Directed him to proceed Directly to Annapolis Royal 
with a letter to Maj"' Malcoreane in a Letter that the Govern'' writ to Cap' 
Tyng he saith that War was proclaimed with France. I every minute 
expect a Letter from the Govern' of the same Contents which when I re- 
ceive you shall know. 



1881.] The Atherton Family hi England. 67 

My Desire is to meet you at Berwick Tomorrow morning. If you think 

it will not be Siife to go to Phillips Towu without the Trooj) with their 

Pistols & Guns you may give Cap'Shapleigh orders to meet us accordingly. 

I am your assured Friend «i; Serv't 



Jer. Moulton. 



To the Hou''^^ John Hill Es( 



THE ATHERTON FAMILY IN ENGLAND. 

Communicated by John C. J. Bro-w.v, Esq., of Boston. 

rp'^Hf^ county palatine of Lancaster has always been distinguished for its 
1_ ancient families whose names were the same as their manorial estates ; 
some of the old families of New England were branches of them, as Stand- 
ish of Standish of which Duxbury was originally a part (represented by 
Myles Standish, Plymouth) ; Atherton of Atherton (represented by 
Humphrey and James Atherton, Dorchester and Milton); INIawdesley of 
Mawdesley (represented by John and Henry Mawdesley of Dorchester), 
whose descendants in New England changed their name to Moseley. Some- 
times it is said that the existence of a mythical ancestor is never questioned, 
if he is stated to have been located within Lancashire in a location corres- 
ponding in name with his own. as *' Simon Browne of Browne Hall," which 
is literally giving •' to airy nothing a local habitation and a name."* 

The Record Society of Lancashire has commenced the publication of 
ancient records, which will be of great assistance in connecting our ancestry, 
who emigrated from that county, with the long pedigrees of the line of 
eldest sons and immediate collateral relatives which have previously been 
published by the Chetham Society. 

The extract given below may refer to the Major Gen. Humphrey Ather- 
ton, who, upon his way home to Dorchester, after a review of the troops on 
Boston Common, Sept. 17, 16G1, was killed by being thrown from his horse, 
which stumbled over a cow lying in the road. 

" Inquisition taken at Wi^an, 18 January, 11th James — IG13-14, before Edward 
Rigbye, Esq., Escheator, after tlie death of Edmund Athr.rton oi Winstanle}-, by 
oath of Robert Marklan<l of Wi^an. Gentleman, and the other jurors named in the 
previous inquisition, who say that the said Edmund was seised of a mesHuai^e in 
iiillindge and 4 acres of arable land, 4 acres of meadow and acres of pasture there- 
to beloni^ing, which are held of Ricliard Fleetwood, Knt. and Eart. as his Barony 
of Newton, in free and common socage by fealty and a pepper-corn rent, and are 
■worth per annum (clear) 20s. 

" Edmund Atherton died 10 April last (1613) ; Humphrey Atherton, his son and 
next heir is aged at the time of taking this Inquisition 4 years and 3 months or 
thereabouts." 

This inquisition merely indicates the lands held under the semi-feudal sys- 
tem which prevailed over a great part of this county ; he may have owned 
absolutely in Winstanley other real estate, and probably did, that town 
being designated as his home. Both of these towns were in the parish of 
Wigan ; AVinstanley is described as fertile and picturesque ; Billingo cover- 
ed a very large area, and was divided into two townships. About the year 
1720 a square stone building, known as the Beacon, was erected upon the 

* No sach place as " Browne Hall " is kIl0^v^ to the antiquaries of Lancashire. See Local 
Gleanings of Lancashire and Cheshire, vol. ii. p. 293. 



68 The Atherton Famihj in England. [Jan. 

highest elevation of Billinge " as a sea mark ;" it commands a view not 
only over the Irish Sea to a very great extent, hut expands over sixteen 
different counties. The whole face of the country has been greatly changed 
by the mining and quarrying operations ; the best canuel coal and material 
for scythe stones being obtained here. 

Liver]-)ool, at the mouth of the Mersey, is the S. W. boundary of Lanca- 
shire. Following the coast-line of the Irish Sea twenty miles north, is the 
River Kibble ; if a line is then struck eastward fifteen miles and from this 
point southward to Manchester, then following the River to Liverpool, an 
area is embraced rich in coal-mines, quarries of useful stones, cotton manu- 
foctories and iron works. Through the central part of this territory the 
Atherton family had immense posses-ions, which were accumulated by mar- 
rying heiresses, until it became one of the richest f:\milie3 of the great com- 
moners of England. 

The town of Atherton is ten miles north-west of Manchester. Here the 
family originated, and 

RoBEKT^ DE Athkutox lived in the time of King John. 1101>-121G.* 
He was the Shreave THigh Sheritl') of the County, and held the Manor of 
Atherton of the Barons of AYarrington ; his son 

William'^ de Atiiektox lield the manors of Atherton and Pennington, 
12oL JVir/ioIas, a cadet of the family, m. after 1327, Jane, dau. of Adam de 
Bickerstatf and heiress of that family : Margaret Atherton,i\\eir descendant and 
heiress, m. James the heir of the ancient and wealthy Searisbrick family ; 
their oidy dau. Eliz'h ra. Peter Stanley of Bickerstatfe ; their only dau. and 
heiress m. Henry Stanley of Aiighton, a descendant of the first Earl of Der- 
by, and in this line the title is now vested. 

William' Atheiitox ('William'') of Atherton, 1-312. had wife Agnes, 
1339. Children: Hcnrij* ; Alexander, m. and had children William,^ Ag- 
nes," Margerie'' ; Margaret* m. Otho de Halsall. 

Hexry^ Atherton of Atherton, 1316-30, m. Agnes 1387; had 

Richard.* 1333, and 

Siu William^ Atiiertox of Atherton, Kniirht, 1351; m. first, Jane, 
dau. of William and sifter of Sir Raphe :\IobHrly, Kt. ; m. second. 3Iar- 
gerie, a widow, 139G. He obtained permission of the bishop of Lichfield 
to have divine services within his manors. The parish church of Leigh 
stands in both townships of Pennington and West Leigh ; it is built of 
stone, and consists of a nave, side aisles and towers, with galleries on the 
North and West sides. There are two private chapels included in the 
edifice, Tidesleys to tlie North and the Athertons to the South. The Ath- 
ertons have a family vault within theirs, and some escutcheons hang there. 
Arms (entered in the ^'isitation of Sir William Dugdale, Norroy King of 
Arms, 1GG4-.5): Gules, three sparrow-hawks, argent. Crest: a swan, 
argent. Another Crest: on a perch a hawk belled, proper. By first 
wife, William* had — 

Sir William* Atiiertox, Kt. 1381, died 141G; his wife was Agnes, 
sole dau. and heiress to Ratdie Vernon, Baron of Shipbroke, 1397-1107. 
They had Raphe,'' 1418 ; hem. Alice ; Kathiriue, m. to Robert de Long- 
ley, he not \o years of age ; and 

Sir William' Atiierto.v, Knight; m. first Elizabeth, dau. of Sir John 
Pilkintun, Kt.. 1 iO'.* ; m. .second, Elinor. Children by first wife: Marga- 
ret,^ m. John Button, of Hatton, co. Cest, 1424-1454, and 

« All thp dates given are from iminimcnts presented to .Sir William Dugdale, Norroj; 
in conoijoration of the pedi-ree, not necetSLirily of birilis, deaths, or marriages. 



1881.] The Atherton Familij in England. GO 

SiPw William^ Atkf.t^ton. Kt., d. before 1441 : m. INF-xriraret. da-i. of 
Sir John Eyron. Kiiiiilit: they h-xA Xirhoh-i:'.^ WtUiani^ (eW.'St son m. Isa- 
bel BaMerston) died s. n. ; Margaret, m. 1400, John Ireland. Esq., of the 
Hut and Hale ; and 

JOHN^ AxuEinox. E-q. d. 1508: lie ni. Joh. dau. of Jolui "Warren of 
Poynton, co. Ce.*t. I4t>'. : they had 

Gkokge'" Axiiicy^.TON. b. 1487 ; m. first. Anne. dau. of Richard Ashton, 
of Middleton, ITiOS ; !d. second. Anne. dau. to Sir Thomas Butler; by 
second wife he had dan. Anne}^ m. Thomas Leland ; by first wife 

Sir John" Atiiertox. Knight, b. 1514: m. first. Elizabeth, dau. of 
Sir Alexander Iwitcliiie. Kt.. from whom he was divorced : m. second, 
Margaret, fourth dau. and colieir of Thomas Caterall of Caterall. 15GG. The 
Visitation of 15oo recorded the first marriage and entered the Arm- — no crest 
was then in use by the faniily. He died in 1573. havinix been High SheritF 
of Lancashire under t':rc-e sovereiun^, in vears 1551. 1555. and 1561. and 
commander of the Military Huncb-ed. 155:3. His children, all by his sec- 
ond wife, were: IMargaret :'' Elizabetli.^" d. young; Elizabeth,'- m. Henry 
Bulmer ; Richard^" (sec Mid son) ; William'^ (third son), and 

JOH.V* Athertox. Esq., b. 155G; High Sherifi". 1583: m. first, Eliza- 
beth, dau. to Sir John Byron. Kt. ; m. second. Katharine, dau. aud coheir- 
ess of John. Lord Conyers. of Hornby Ca-tle ; by the second wife, who d. 
8 March, 1G22, he had'joHN'^ Atherton of Skfxtox, heir to his mother ; 
by the first wife, beside Elizah>ifh}^ who m. James Browne, and Rachel,^* 
d. s. p. 1G43. he had an'-'ther son — 

John" Athertox of Athertox. P>q.. buried 23 May, 1G17 ; m. first, 
Gysmund, dau. to Henry Butler of Rawclifie : m. second, dau. to Raphe 
Calvely of co. Cest., by whom he had Richard''* Athertox of Chowbext, 
in Atherton ; by first v-ife he had 

Jonx^^ Athertox of Atherton. E^q., died 1646; m. Elianor, dau. of 
Sir Thomas Ireland of Beausev. Kt. Thev had : sons. L Thomas^'^ ; 
II. George^'': iV. WW;nm; \ .' Ireland ; YL Thomas ; \ II. Raphe : and 
daughters MargaretJ-^ m. John Brad -liaw of Bradshaw ; Eleanor,^* m. 
Robert Clayton of Fulwood ; and Aune.^" beside son 

JoHx'* ATtiERTOX of Atherton. Esq., Ilicrh Sherill of Lancashire, died 
1 655 ; m. Mary, dau. to Richard Bolde of Bolde. Esq. They had : Elea- 
nor ^^ ; Mary^^ ;" Joane^^ ; all died infants; &on John," d. a few days after 
his father, leaving an onlv son. 

In the Prince collection (Shelf 56, Nos. 43-5), Boston Public Library, 
is a volume of Sermons and Poems upon the death of John^^ Atherton, who 
died Jan. 17, 1G55. The volume bears the autograph of Samuel Sewall, 
the diarist, and has an index of subjects in the hand-writing of the Rev. 
Mr. Prince. The first sermon is addressed to the Judges of the assize* 
and to the SheritF of the county. His remarks on a judge crisping his hair 

• Bv John Livpsev, MinNv-r of the Go^^pel at Atherton, .ili.is Chowbent, preached before 
Ri'-rht Hon. Richard Ne-.v,i;--;:te and Uob-rt Hiuton, Judcrus of the A<Mze. . ._. . In lGo9 
Judi,'e Newdigntc was ■j.i,\>-'Amed Chief Justice of the Upper Biinch ; ia 1677 created a 
Baronet. 

This name would interest Jnd?e Samuel Se'vall, because Elizabeth and Sarah Newdi- 
gate, co-\vorshipper.i wirh L;m at the Old South Churcli, had married John and Pttcr Oli- 
ver, son^ of the beloved Elder Thomas a nephew nf theirs ii-id accompanied -Suivail to 
i''nj;land when tie went th'-re to rnect Kev. Increase Mather, wli ) had tied fiom (iov. An- 
dros's tyrannv. Mather'.-, f.iihtr -.vas i.«o;a in tlie vicinitv of Atlierton, and his brother '1 :m- 
othv had married a dauirhter of Maj. Gen. Humphrey Atherton in Dorcliescer. It is hkely 
that he shared the inbTL-c of the judge, and the volume may have been purchased whea 
they were together in En:-'iand. 
VOL. XXXV. 7 



70 The AtJicrton Famihj in Enghnul. [Jan. 

would have pleased ^lichiiel 'NVicrgleswortli, — " A ra^n that is proud and 
useth deceit in his hair will be fal-e on the Bench. — such a man will itot 
deal truly in aiiv oood cause." His ?;ivage suggestions of how Quakers 
should he i)unisli'ed equalled Cotton ?.Iather's approval of the barbarities 
practised upon the so-called witches. Panegyrical poems in Latin and 
English, aerosticaliy and anagrammatically arranged, besides others in the 
usual form, make an appendix to the sermons. The following extracts, 
which Artemus Vv'urd would say '• slopped over," are examples of the 
style. 

If birth, if name, if place, if cbildren dpor. 

If that fair spouse of thine, (who<e virtues rare 

^lake her to be admired) if house nr lands, 

Or skill, or art. or love of dearest friends. 

If prayers, or tears — wliicli sometime^ Heaven move, — 

If youth or strength, if irood men's sii;hs, or love, — 

If any or if all the>e had been able 

Thou'dst lived as yet ; but Death's inexorable 

It's said the day whereoa thou wast interred 

Heaven did weep as tho" it had abhorred 

feo sad a siaht 

Only seraphiek tongues due laud can give 

To thee, great John, too good with us to live 

Thy grave dep'jrtment un the bench was such 

Though young that myriads did aduure it much 

A paradel liushnud, fat'.icr, friend, brother, 

Justice or slieritfwh.ere can you discover ? 

Such was thy temperance and s >briety 

Thy patience, prudence and dexterity 

Great Atkcrton the style of parasite 

I need not fear while in thy praise I write. 

Richard^' Atiiertox. "With his name the pedigree of the Lancashire 
Visitation of 16G4 ends ; it was rendered and signed for him by L. Raw- 
storne, who was probably the managing steward of the property. Richard 
was less than ten years of age when the accumulation of estates became 
his, but before he was twenty-one he had another large accessioi. 
from his great-aunt, the widow of Sir Gilbert L-eland, whose hall was in 
Atherton ; his main possessions were in Bewsey, Penlton, Holmes and 
other towns in that vicinity. She received them from her husband, who 
died April 30. lG7o, and upon lier death, which occurred July 1, 1675, she 
willed lier wdiole fortune to Ricliar<l Atherton. 

JoiiN^' Atherton, son of Richard, married Elizabeth Chorraondly, 
heiress of her father Robert and his wife a daughter of Sir Henry Vernon 
of Hodnet. 

RicriAUD^^ Atiiertox, son of John, m. Elizabeth, daughter of "William 
Farrington, of Shaw Hall. Their only daughter EHzaheth was the last bora 
to inhent the name of Atherton in this line ; she married Robert Gwillym, 
their son Robert Vernon assumed the name of Atherton. married Henri- 
etta ]Maria Lei'_rh. who-e daughter Henrietta 3Iaria married Thomas Powys, 
second Lord Lilford. and the" whole propeity of the Atherton- became his. 
Thomas Atherton Powys, third Lord Lilford, married Mary Eli/ab.th Vox, 
whose mother Elizabeth Vassal! (granddaughter of Florcntius Vassall,* 
who left Boston in 1775) became the mistress of Henry Richard Fox, 
Lord Holland, while yet the wife of Sir Godfrey AVeb.ter, Bart. The 
estates are now in possession of Thomas Littleton Powys, fourth Lord Lil- 

* N. E. Hist, and Gen. Register, vol. xvii. p. 125 ; Sabine's Loyalists, &c. vol. ii. p. 3S-5. 



1881.] The xUherton Family in England. 71 

ford; his cLlcst son. Thomas Atherton Powys, was born in 1861. The 
motto of tlie l':unily i> appropriate : " Parta tiieri," — to maintain ac(]uire(l 
possessions. Lord Lilfonl hokis a conrt leet and court baron at Atherton 
annually on the iirst Thursday in November. 

The original manor house of the Athertons was Lodge Hall, whicli is 
now in ruins. Subsequently the family erected the first Atherton Hall, 
built by Richard Atherton. Esq., to which the chapel (afterward Church) 
at Chowbent was the domestic place of worship; but in 1723 they began 
an immense structure called Atherton Hall, to supersede it, upon the luxu- 
riant eminence between Leigh and Chowl)cnt. which was completed in 1743, 
at a cost represented by our money at this time of more than 81,000.000. It 
is described, with the plans, in Yitruvius Britannicus, vol. iii. p. S'J. The great 
Hall was 3G by 45 ft., and the principal apartments, some of which were never 
finished, were of corresponding dimensions. After standing a little more than 
a century, Atherton Hall was taken down by order of the second Lord 
Lilford. and the materials sold. A s]>acious fiirm house has been built 
upon the desmeuse, which is adorned by a lake three quarters of a mile in 
length. 

In the preceding pages the line of heirship has been followed ; the scions 
are found in the different parts of the county, all worthy representatives of 
the main stock. 

At Pemberton, in the village of Laml>erhead Green, the Wesleyan 
iMethodists have erected buildings and schools to comu:-emorate the fact 
that IJev. W. Atherton. president of the AVesleyan Conference from 1846 
to ISoO, was born in that village, which adjoins Winstanley, the birthplace 
of Humphrey. l)efore referred to. 

Thomas Atherton was vicar of Chip'ping Parish from 1701 to 1721, 
In St. Mary's church, Prescot. five hundred years old, jiartly rebuilt in 
1820, is an organ, the gift ' of William Atherton, Esq. Tiie church also 
contains an exuberantly ornamented slab, upon which is this inscription : 
"Thomas Barron of Prescot and his widow Francis daughter of .John Ath- 
erton of Prescot died April 17.31." On the south side is a splendid pro- 
duction from the chisel of Westmacott, to the memory of William Ather- 
ton of Prescot, Esq., who died June 22, 1803, aged 61, surmounte<l by the 
family coat, with the motto, '• clarior tenehris." 

In 1715 a lirauch of the Atherton family bought one-third of the manor 
of "Walton. (William Atherton was rector of .St. Nicholas Church. Liv- 
erpool, in IGl'O, and Walton was part of his parish.) The family held this 
property through three generations, John,' John,""* John Joseph,' then sold 
it to Thomas Leyland, mayor of Liverpool, of which town it is now a part. 
In 1782 Richard Atherton was Guild ^layor of Preston, an olfice filled 
once in twenty years, attended with the most splendid pageants. The pro- 
viso under which the charter was given, in order to have the privilege of 
franchise, requires each would-be voter to belong to a guild and march in 
the proces-ion. Costly entertainments lasting thirty days are indulged in, 
an»l peup!" come from all [larts of tin,' kingdom to wiine-s the show. 

The-e gleanings have ijeen gathered from the Collections of the Chetham 
Society, the works of Gregson, Baines and Britton. 

The writer has been asked to furnish a full li>t of Humphrey Athcrton's 
children, which is given below, with a little preliminary matter. 

The necessary information to ascertain if the Hum[»hrey Atherton men- 
tioned at the bcgiuuing of this article was the ^l-x'pv (jeueral of New Eug- 



72 Granlees of Meadow Lands in Dorchester. [Jan. 

land,* can be easily obtained by the gentleman who is colleotinn; material 
for a genealogy of the Xeu' Enghin«l families of this name. It is most 
probable that IIinn})hrey Atherton, with his wife INfaiy and three children, 
Jonathan, I::abe] and Elizabeth, came in the James from Bristol, England, 
in iGoo. Rev. Richard ^Mather, in his journal of the passage, mentions 
one hundred passengers, but gives the names of few ; among them Nathan- 
iel Wales. t whose will was witnessed by Humplirey Atherton, who was 
also mentioned in it as " loving brother-in-law." Both of them assist- 
ed Mather in nurturing the first cliurch of Dorchester into thrifty life again, 
notwithstanding so much of it had been transplanted to Windsor, Conn. 

Humphrey Atherton, born in Lancashire. England, about : died 

Sept. 17, 1601 ; married IMary Wales, who died in 1G72. Their children, 
as appears by the Suffolk Probate Records, were : 

i. Jonathan, prubably born in England ; was a mariner. His mother 
left liim hy her will £5, if he would come for it. As he was in B< stjn 
in 1H73, li(> probably took it. Upon the Register of St. Peter's 
Churcli, Cornhili, London, un>ler date of 1663, appears the marriage 
of a .(onntlian Atlierton. mariner (pos>il)iy this Jonathan), and Sa- 
rali fSrebiend. Spinster, uf Ratelifle (Lancashire). 

ii. Isabel, pi-ohahly fiorn in Eni:l.\M.l ; m. Nathaniel \Valc?, Jr. 

iii. ELiZAiirTU, probably born in Knuland ; m. Timc^thy Mather, 1650? 

iv. ('ONMi)ER, probably born in New England, m. Anne Annable, 1-i Dec. 
1671. 

V. Marv. probably born in New England; m. Joseph Weeks, 9 April, 
1667. 

vi. Margaret, born in New En;^Iand ; m. James Trowbridge, 30 Dec. 
1659. 

vii. Rest, bapt. 26 May, 1639: m. Obadiah Swift, 15 March, 1660-61. 

viii. Increase, b.ipt. 2 Jnn. 1612 ; d. at sea, Jonathan admin. Ang. 1673. 

Jx. TnANKEi'L. l)a].t. 28 April, 1641 : m. Thouias Bird, Jr., 2 Auril, 1665. 

X. Hope (Rev.), hapt. 30 Au^. 1616 ; m. Sara'.i Hnllister. 1674. 

xi. Watching, bapt. 21 Aug. "1651 ; m. Elizabeth Rigby, 23 Jan. 167S-9. 

xii. Patience, bapt. 2 April, 1654 ; m, Lsaac Humphrey, 1685, 



GRANTEES OF :yIEADOW LANDS IN DORCHESTER. 

Commnnicatcd by William B. Trask, E.=q., of Boston, 

rf^'HE following'' list of grantees of meadow lands in Dorclicster, 
-i- is copied from the original Dorchester Records, vol. i. p. 31. 

A rude map of the localities, made probably not later than 1037, 
may be seen on the Records ; names and quantities given below. 
The map and names were omitted in the Fourth Report of the Rec- 
ord Commissioners, recently published. 

* We would caution our readers against assuming this conjecture, which is a very plau- 
sible one, to be a i";ic:. — Editor. 

t " Narlinni.ll Wa!!"-- son of John Wales of LHe baptized Febnnrie xxvj \n^<\-i:'—11eg- 
iHfTS of Cah:erlij, ro. York, rdit'd hij Sninuel ^[nrgeri<iotl, p .v2. He wa^ a brotbir of Rev. 
Elkanih \V;ilc^, of Triii. roll., C.iiii',i-;dL;.'. " F.n- ar-roimrs of thi- celehr.itei! iiiiiii=t':'r, see 
lii< rncini)ir \w Rl:v. .Junie^ S tlr-. llinh MSS. No. 44 ;■», in the, liiit. Mu-. ; Tin-iier's Non- 
conforinitv in Idle; Round aljout P.radford. Lc." The editor siippo-cs Xathardel to lie the 
per-on of this uarne who came to New P:ngland. No sister Mary is found an^ong the 
baptisms. 



1881.] Grantees of Meadow Lands in Doixhester. 



The Map of the Meddows beyond the Naponset riuer and how y* is 
allotted out. 



1 Squantoras 

2 Mr. Hill G D. 

3 Jo Phil [ips ?] 

4 M' Duncan 4 acres. 

5 Marshfeild o a 

[6] George Way 8 acr. 
[7] Hall 4 a. 

[8] J. Knill 2 a. 
[9J R. Calicot 8 a. 

10 ^M'Turchas 2 a. 

11 M' Richards 12 a. 

12 J. Barber 2 a. 

13 Stev. ftVench 4 a. 

14 M' Hill o a. 

15 M"' .Johnson 6 a. 

16 J: Eales 4 a. 

17 i^ich Vpshal 8 a. 
M"' ^Newbury v hows 

18 Gaping G a. 

19 Swift 4 a. 

20 J. Caping 2 a. 

21 J. "Walcot [?] 2 a. 

22 Jo: Pierce 4 a. 

23 M' WarQ 6 a. 

24 M"^ Maverick 

25 Jos: Holy 4 a. 

26 Tho Jefreys 3 a. 

27 Roger Clap 3 a. 

28 M^ Smith 4 a. 

29 C. Gibson 2 a. 

30 War. tiller 6 a. 

31 G. Gibbs 4 a. 

32 J. 

33 N. gillet 4 a. 

34 Holland 3 a. 

35 M' Hull 4 a. 

36 T. J. more 4 a. 

37 G a. 
m^ G. Dyer 4 a. 

39 Eales, 2 a. 

40 W. Philps 6 a. 

41 Hauna, 2 a. 

42 M' Piney 10 a. 

43 Denslow 3 a. 

44 "Wiltou 5 a. 

45 Meinot 4 a. 

46 Pope 4 a. 

47 SP Hathorne 



^ Mata- 
< chuset 
( Rock. 



48 Richer 4 [a] 

49 Rocket 4 a. 
[50] Rositer 

51 Lurabert 6 a 

52 M^ Eglestou 4 a 

53 Hart 4 a 

54 M'' Rranker 

55 T [?] Hull G [a] 

56 venner [?J G [a] 

57 Brins[mead] 

58 II wav 

59 M'Tery 12 [a] 

the next wilbe out of order 

^ a rock poynting to the place 

M"" Way had marsh out other 

sides of that M"" Tery. 

60 J. Wichfeild 4 a. 

61 M' Ilosford 2 a. 

62 M^ Sentiou 2 a. 

63 J. Hull G a. 

64 T. Dewis 4 a. 

65 T. Holcom 3 a. 

66 G. Phillips 5 a. 

67 M' Hulbert G a. 

68 J. Heyden 3 a. 

69 Mathews 3 a. 

70 Grenway 3 a. 

71 M^ Holman 

72 M' Parker 4 a 

73 Ca[pt.] Mason 6 a. 

74 R. Elwel 3 

75 W. Rockwel 4 a. 

-\- aboue M' Roseiter ioyning to 
him M"' wolcot 14 a. next m' 
wolcot 

76 w. Gaylor 6 a. 

77 T. Hach 2 a. • 

78 Henery Fooks 8 a. 

79 T. Tilestone 3 a. 

80 Kutou 2 a. 

81 ancient Stoughton 6 a. 

this runs vp between the highe' 
land & m"" Roseiter 

82 John Hill 4 a. 

83 M^ Tillie 4 a. 

84 Elias Parkman 4 a. 

85 El: Pomcry 6 a. 

M' Stoughton 16 a. 



VOL. XXXV. 



74 Wright Genealogy. [Jan. 



gp:nealogy of lieut. abel wright, of spring- 
field, MASS. 

By Rev. Stephen- Weight, of Gler.'s F;ills. N. Y. 

1. Lieut. Abkl "Wright* was found among the early settlers of Spriucr. 
field. Massachusetts, in the Conuecticut Valley, who spent a mature life of 
seventy years there, frum IG-JO to 1725. when he died at the advanctMl age 
of ninety-four years. Where he eauie from or who were his parents. I have 
been unable to ascertain. There were other "Wri!:;ht settlers in the colo- 
nies before him in Eastern Massachusetts. — as Capt. Richard IVn'qlit, at 
Lynn, in IGoO ; Jo/m IVrij/tf. at "Wuburn. in IG-ll ; Robert Wri'ifht, at 
Boston, in 1G43, accordini;- to Dr. Savage, in his Genealogical Dictionary, 
besides others in various places of a later date than the above named. And 
at W^ethersfield. Conn., below Hartford, there was a Thomas Wright as 
early as 1C39, who had quite a family. Also Dea. Samuel Wright was an 
early settler at Spriugtit-ld about the same year, lG;>0-4(), who had a family 
of eight children, all named ; but no Abel among either of these families 
is given in their records. 

It is possible, it not most probable, that these last two settlers, so near 
each other, were brothers, and from the date of tiieir family records, uncles 
to Ahel Wright, who might naturally have followed in the wake of his kins- 
man to Springfield, at the age of twenty-four years, where he is found in 
January, 1G5.3. Hence I can safely begin his record at that date, and shall 
endeavor to follow his line of posterity for several generations, accoi-ding 
to authentic information obtained by much labor, from both town and family 
records. 

Although the town had been settled in 1636, it was still in its infancy 
when our Abel ai)peared on the stage, to claim a place among his feliov/ men. 
1 give two or three extracts from the town records of Springfield, which I 
made in November, 18Go, that read as follows : "Jan. :.', IGo.J, — There is 
granted to Abell Wright, a home lot containing three acres in the laud next 
ye Round Hill." And Feb. 13, 1C5G, again: "It is granted to Abell 
Wright an amount of Twenty (20) acres which had formerly Come into the 
hand of Rowland Thomas, lying in ye great plain over ye great river, called. 
Chickuppy plain, provided he continues five years in town." And it seems 
iu the sequel that he came to stag, as he did for seventy years. 

Again says the record: •' 3Iarch 13. IGGO, — There is granted to Thomas 
Bancroft Abell Wright. John Lumljard and Ricluinl Sikes, a parcel of land 
lying on the west .^i<ie of y"^ great river over against y° long meadow Ijelow 
George Coltou's, whicli land hereby granted, lyeth between two brooks, and 
it is to run westward from y^ river to a hill about 40 rods westward; — Thos. 
Bancroft to lie next to the Southermost brook, Abell Wright next toward 
the north, Jolm Lumbard next to him, and Richard Sikes next to him : — 
They four sharing thereof equally in three-score acres of lauil, if there be 
so much there ; — or if there be not so much tliey are to divide the piece 
equally amongst them, lying as above expressed." — ^ec Record of Deeds, 
vol. i. p. 203. Various other grants of land, to the number of sixteen in 
all, from 1655 to IG'Jo, as well as several to his sons Joseph and Abel, Jr., 
are on the town records also. In those primitive times the farming was on 
a smaller scale than we see now, and hence the few acres allotted to each 



1881.] Wricihf Genealogy. 75 

settler in these grants. Coutemporr.rv with Abel "Wright were such men 
as Col. John Pj'uchou. Samuel Terry. John Bliss. Thomiis Root, Eobert 
Ashley, Hugh Diulley. Thomas Sewall, Ohadiah 3Iiller, Eliezer Holyoke, 
John Holyoke, James 0-borne. ^s'athaniel Pritchard and Thomas Gilbert ; 
with Deacons Samuel Cliapiu. Samuel Wright (until 1657, when he re- 
removed to Northampton, and died there Oct. 17. 1665, wheu asleep in his 
chair), Joiiat})an Burc. Benjamin Parsons. John Hitchcock and James War- 
riner, and Rev. Pelatiah Glovei: from 1659 to 1692, aisd Rev. Sa^iuel 
Brewer from 1604 to 1725. and onwards to 1733, wheu the last pastor 
died ; all these in the First Congregational Church. 

" Feb. 23, 1662. In the order of Seating persons in church, Abcll 
Wrif/ht is put in the • eighth seat ' with Mr. Horton. John Bag. Josh- 
ua Riley and Lyman Beaman. And Samuel Terry in the 9th seat with 
four others." According to the SpringPield Records that I saw. and han- 
dled in 1863. the following facts are shown : 

Abel^ Wright married Dec. 1. 1650. Martha Kitcherel, daughter of Sam- 
uel K. of Hartford, Conn., and had a family of thirteen children, of whom 
ten married (see names bflowj. He was a citizen of some note, both in 
the civil and military service of the town. In 1605 he was elected to the 
"General Court," aud in May, 1606, Dea. Burt and Lieut. Abel Wright 
were chosen to answer a petition of the people on the west side of the river 
asking to become a separate parish and procure a minister of their own. 
In 17uS, July 26th. Indians came ujK-Jn the town and despoiled his family, 
scalping his wife, who died in consequence on the 19th of October follow- 
ing. They also killed an infant of his son Henry, and captured his wife, 
who died soon after. But this venerable ancestor lived until 1725, for his 
tombstone record says: "Lieut. Aeel Wright died October 29th, 1725, 
aged 01 years." His children were as follows : 

2. i. Joseph, b. Sept. 1. 1660. and m. Sarah Osborne. 

• H. Martu.\, b. N.iv. 20. IGfv^; m. Thomas Murlow. 

3. iii. Abel, b. Sept. -25, 16d4 ; m. Rebecca Terry, Sept- 16, 1691, and had 

thirteen children. 
V4. iv. Benjamin, b. March 14, 1G6T ; m. Mary Chapin in 1694; had three 

chilJrea. 
-y. Hannah, b. Jclv 2S. 1609 ; m. Joseph Sixton, Nov. 20, 1690. and had 

seven children -.— Gushorn.^ h. 1691 ; Hannah.^ 1692 ; Joseph,^ 1694 ; 

Miri'hcdl^ 1696; David,'' 1700; Eze/ciel,^ 1701 ; and ChaPles,' 1T08, 

at Entield. 
\'i. Henry, b. Mav 23, 1671, and d. youn^. 
\n. Sarah, b. May S. 1673 ; in. Thomas Chapin, Feb. 15, 1694, and had 

eleven children. .Siie died .Tuly 26, 1770, aged nearly 93. 
viii. Mary. b. March 9. 1675: m. Natlianiel Bliss in 169S. 

5. ix. Henry. 2d. ^. Jure S, 1677 : m. Hannah Bliss, May 21, 1705.^ 

6. X. SAiiUEL. b. June 17, 1679 : m. Mary Case, of Lebanon. Nov. 27, 1710. 
-xi. Elizabeth, b. Au2. IS, 16S2, and a. June 17, 16S3. 

xii. JuuN, b. April 21, 16S5, and d. s i-m. 

xiii. Elizabeth. 21, 6. Aaiz. 22, 16S7 : m. Ebenezer Dewey, of L'.banon, 

Nov. 8, 1709. and had EiizaLeth,^ b. Oct. 7, 17 10, and Ebemzer,'' Jr., 

b. Jan. 24, 1712. 

2. Joseph^ Wright {Ab'^J}). b. Sept. 1, 16C0, at Springfield; m. Sarah 
Osborne, Dec. 20. 16S7. an*! had ei^rht chiMren, born in -S., as below. He 
must have followed hi-; you:;L'er l^r jther Altel to Lel.iauou. Conn., about 
1703. as a petitio!i of his to the town authorities is osi record ilierf. dated 
Dec. 13, 1708, asking for a grant of land near Abel Wright's first division, 
*' because the enemy had spoiled and carried away much of his estate " at 
Springfield; \>hich was ;rrauted him Dec. ITth, 1808. How long he con- 
tinued at L. we are unable to say. His children, boru at S., were : 



76 Wright Genealogy. [Jan. 

-ir^ MiXDWELL, b. SeiK. 24. 16SS. and d. young. 

ii. JosKrn, Jr.. b. Oct. 14. 1690. 

4it: Sarah, b. Nov. 00, IfHOO. aud m. prob.ibly June 00, 1719, Ilezekiah 

Porter, of Hartford. Ccnn. 
-i^ Benjamin, b. Xov. 11. 1694. and slain by the Indians in 1712. 

-v. MiNDU'ELL. Od, b. March 4, 1697. 

-i-i. Martha, b. Juno 16. Uiii'j ; m. probably, Jonathan Old, Feb. 18, 1700. 

A+i. Maky, b. Sopt. 04. 1700. 

-¥tiii Rachel, b. ])co. 4, 1706. Can give no more of this family now. 

3. Eiisi.s^n Abel= Wright (Aher), b. Sept. 2o. 1GG4; m. Sept. 16, 1G91, 
Rebecca Terry, b. Dee. 5. 1G73. daughter of Samuel and Anna (Lohdeli) 
'lerry, of S-, and had thirteen chihlren. like his father before him, of whom 
nine uiorried. Of these, foar vrere born in Sprinirtield. when he removed 
to Lebanon about ITUO. where the other nine are on record. He spent 
forty-five years of his life there, and became quite a landholder aud business 
man among his fellows. In 17'>2 he boujiiit ninety acres of land of Josiah 
Dewey and "William Clarke " for Seven Pounds. .Silver. Current money of 
New England;" and .Tanuary 24. J 7U.3. twenty-one acres more of Philip 
Smith; and in 1711. .June G. nine acres more of Dewey and Clarke ; mak- 
ing one han(b-ed and twenty acres in all. But his greate-t purchase was, 
May 30, 1717. of Rev. Samuel VThiting. minister of Windham, of ei<:ht 
hundred aud twenty-nine acre-, partly in W. and partly in Lel)anoii. for 2.30 
pounds, as the deed on record at Windham says. From these lands he 
afterwards deeds one hundred and forty acres to his daughter Rebecca and 
her hu-band Jacob Ordway.in 171S and 172'' : to his sou Abel. Jr.. one hun- 
dred and eighty acres. Oct. 22. 17ly ; and to his lovit.g son Ebenezer. one 
hundred and eighty acres. Aug. 24. 1722; being part of tlie tract bought of 
Rev. Samuel "Whiting, and sold still to several others as late as the year 
1739. His last will is dated Jan. 10, 174 1. in whicli he names four sons 
and four daughters, making his •• Beloved wife Rebecca and son P2l)enezer 
"Wright the P2xecutrix and Executor of his last will and Testament." &c. 
This will was probated before -Judge Jonathan Trumbull, at "Windham,. 
Sept. 1'^. 1747. and certified in due form on the records by Ichabod Rob- 
inson, clerk of said court. He had died June 2. 174.3, and was bmied ia 
Lebanon near the graves of the Trumbull, Fitch and Terry families. 
The names of his thirteen children are as follows: 

i, Rebecca, b. Sept. 7, 1692 : m. Jacob Ordway. of L., ahtout 1711, v/ho 

had tour children:—!. Maru,-" b. Au2. 16. 1712. 2. Rebecca.* h. 

Jan. 16. 1714. 3. Jemi/na* b. Dec. 11~ 1~15. 4. Rachel,'^ b. Nov. 

28, 1717. (SeeLeb. Rec.) 
ii. Samuel, b. July 4. 1694, and d. July 10. 1694. 
iii. Abel, b. Aui'. 00, 1695 ; u. .Marv Calk;i;i-, at L., Nov. 7. 1717. and 

had :— I. Snmh.* b. A^-.-. 05. "l7l'n. -j. .V,;,,.,,,-/,-* b. May 11, 1709. 

3. Ahel. Jr.^ b. Fe'.. 0:;. 1700. Ail at Winuiium. 
iv. Samuel. 2 J, b. Dec. 0. lOj^. and n^* m re n, iiiiu. 

7. V. Fhenezer, b. Feb. 00, 1701, at Lebanon; m. Elizabeth Newcomb. 
¥f. Mary, b. Nuv. 02. 1700. and no more of lier. 

8. vii. Ephkaim, b. Feb. 29. 1704: m. ilunnab U'jod, Jane 09, 1724. 

Tiii. .Martha, b. April 10. 1705 ; m. '■ ilolbrook, as named in her fa- 

tlier's will. 

ix. Jemima, b. :Ser>t. 2i. 17o7 : m. Hiitc! ir.^'tn. a- in the will. 

X. A.NN, b. Ju!:e 1. 17iJ ; ui. Buell, a.- named in wiil. 

xi. Miriam, b. Xuv. 14. i71u. and no more of her. 
xii. l>E.\jA3ii\, b. July 09. 1710, and d. Aug. 1712. 

9. xiii. B£^■JAMI^•, 2d, b.' March 3, 1714; m. in 1731, Rachel . 



18bl.] Wright Genealogy. 77 

4. BEXJA^nx' Wright (J 'V-P). b. .^lareh 14. 1GG7; m, Marv Chapin 
in 1604, dau. of Ileniy C. of Springfield, likely, and had three children, and 
died Dec. 2o, 1704. and his widow died Jan. 13, 1708. .Their cliikben are 
as follows : 

i. Ben-jamix. b. Mav -20. 1C97. 

ii. IIenrt, b. May 10, 1700. 

iii. Mary, b. May 1, 1705 ; posthumous. 

5. Henry^ Wright. 2d (Abel^), h. June S. 1677 ; m. Hannah Bliss, 
dan. of John Bliss, May "24. 1705. and had two cliildreu. His wife was cap- 
tured by the Indians July 26, 1703, and with her iutautson was killed soon 
after, at the calamity already named. He then married, March 15. 1711, 
Sarah Root, dauiditer of Thomas Root, of Westlield. probably, who bore 
him six more chij.lren. He also must have followed his older brother Abel 
to Lebanon, and lived awhile, as it is there recorded that Henry Wright 
deeded thirty acres of la. .a to his brother Abel, Nov. 23, 1705. And again 
IMay 5, 1 707, Henry Wright and Hannah deeded a piece of laud to Abel 
Wright, as Josiah Dewey had deeded twenty-one acres to Henry Wright, 
Feb. 1. 1703. The presumption is that he sold out his intei-est at Leba- 
non and returned to Springtieid. where the great calamity mentioned above 
fell upon liim in 170S ; v,"hen he married second wife, Sarah Root, raised up 

bis family, lost Sarah, and married a third wife Elizabeth , who, as the 

Springfield records say. died June. 173S. His own death is there recorded 
as transpiring in 176d, at the age of 91. His eight children are given as 
follows : 

i. Hannah, b. Mav IS. 1706. 

ii. Henry, Jr., b. bin. 9, 170S. and killed July 26, 1708. 

iii. Muses, by seenna wife, b. about 171.3 ; date not given exactly. 

iv. Stephen, b. 1716. 

V. Caleb, b. 17 IS. 

vi. Elisha, b. 17:20. 

vii. Sarah, b. 1723. 

viii. Deborah, b. . No date at all. 

6. Samuel' Wright (AleP), b June 17, 1679, at S. ; m. Mary Case, 
of Lebanon. Nov. 27, 1710, and had three children recorded there, as given 
below. He mu?t have followed his brotiier Abel to Lebanon, as the records 
show a deed of two huudrerl acres of land from Josiah Dewey and William 
Clarke to Samuel Wright, dated January 30, 1702. (See Old Records, 
pp. 84, 85.) Little more can be said of him than to give the names of his 
children, and that he married. Dec. 13, 1727, Anna Loomis, of L., and that 
he lived at Norwich awhile. His children were : 

i. Aaron, b. March 29, 1713. 
ii. John, b. S<:'pt. 23, 1716. 
iii. Mary, b. May 10, 1721. 

By second wife : 

iv. Re-becca, b. Sept. 24. 1728. 
V. Elijah, b. Aui. 11. 1730. 
vi. Anna, b. 0:r. 7. 1732. 
vii. Samuel, b. Feb. 17, 173.5. 
viii. Eleazer, born Aug. 3, 1739. 

7. Eben-ezer3 Wright (Abe/.^ Abel'), b. Feb. 22, 1701, at Lebanon ; 

m. April 20. 1721. Elizabeth, b. I70I-2.dau. of Simon and Del)orah ( ) 

Newc..ml>, of L.. wt... bore him three children, and died Jan. l.?. 1727. 
He married second, March 28, 1728, Sarah Huntington, b. May 2o, 1705, 



\ 



78 Wright Genealogy. [Jan. 

dau. of Dea. Joseph and Keliccca (Adgate) Ilniitingtoii, and sister tri Gov. 
Samuel Ilmniiigtou's father, by whom ei^ht c!iil(h-en. when slie died Oct. 
19,1775. He married third. 'Feb. 15. l77G. 3Jr5. 3Iary (3Iason) Hunt- 
ington, the vridow of David H., a brother of his wife Sarah, with wli-nu lie 
lived ten years, and died April 22, 17SG. at Maustield, aged 85. He was 
a farmer and (juite a land owner, like his father Abel. He removed to 
Mansfield about 1710. where he became a baptist, as several of his children 
did also. His last will, dated Dec. 2, 17G8. at Td.. names all his eleven 
children, and makes his wife Sarah, and his son Capt. Amaziah W., the 
executors of his estate. The following are his children : 

i. Zerviau, b. March 12. 17-3-3, at 'Windham; m. Jan. 8, 1741. John 

Upton, and had Sorah,^ h. Oct. 17, 1711. and others we pve.-ume, 

as he mentions the heirs of his beloved daughter Zerviah iJi^t m in 

his will. 
ii. Deuor.ui. b. Jan. 29, 1725 ; m. Paul Davis m. Mav 7. 1717, and hr.d 

Abnl.' h. March 7, 171S, and Dd'orah," h. Mp.v'II. 1750. -Mr. D. 

died AiiEj. 20, 1751, at Xewtjwn, N. J., when she married, second, 

Aaron Youuijluve. Jan. 17, 1753. 

10. iii. Ebenezer, ti. Jan. 2, 1727 ; m. Mcrcv Lt-acli, vvho had ten children. 

11. iv. Rev. E!.iPu.\LET. b. Feb. 27, 1729; m. Hannrdi Marsh. 

V. Elizabeth, b. Nuv. 30, 1730; m. Ele:izer Bddwin, April 8, 1751, and 
had nine children, from whom a lar^'e posterity have come. 

vi. Sarah, b Sept. 22, 1732 ; m. Dea. Jeremiali Leffiiigwell. of Ptimfret, 
Ct., about 1755 ; had nine children and a large p i.-teritv. 

12. vii. Elisha, b. Sept. IS, 1731; m. Hannah IJaldwui. Oct. 28. 1750. 
viii. Mart, b. Jan. 15. 1737 ; m. Juhn I'urner about 1703, and had ten 

children, from whom a \?ixge posteritv. 

13. ix. Capt. AiiAZiAH, b. Feb. 11, 1T39 ; m! Zerviah Fitch, dau. of Capt. 

and Dea. Eloazer F., of Windham, nnd had ten children. 
U. X. Eleszkr, b. April 12, 1741 : m. Anna Mn<li. <lau. of .ioiQ]m ^I., of 
Windham. April 25, 1705, and lipd twelve children. 

xi. Rebecca, b. about 1714 or 45 (date wantinir) ; m. Marsh, of Kil- 

lingly, Ct., and as tradition in the family' .•^ay.s., had one son, 
James,^ who married and went into central New Yi.'rk, had four or 
five children, and was despoiled or killed by the Indians, and his 
family lost to the knowledge of their kindred. 

8. EphraimMVright {Ahdr AleP), b. Feb. 29, 1701, at Lel-anon ; 
m. June 29, 1721, Hannah AVood, and had six children at Lebanon. He 
was a farmer, and deeded lands to several persons fiom .Sept. CO, 1737, 
to June 14, 1751, according to the records of L. and Windham, His 
wife died March 18, 17.">7, and he married again and raised a second family 
of several children, as an extant letter in my possession fnjm his youngest 
son, Gen. Daniel Wright, testifies, dated May 2, 1809, at Westpor't. Essex 
Co., N. Y. He says he was boru in Hebron, Conn., in 175G. and that 
he was the son of Ephraim W., and after the death of his brother, 
Lieut. Beriah W., and his father also in the French war, about 1758-9, 
his mother })ut him in the care of his uncle Efienezer^ W., at Mansfield, at 
the age of five, as she had several small children, so he was brought up 
among his kindred there. So far as known his children were : 
i. Jon.v, b. March 18. 172G. 
ii. Hannah, b. Feb. 21, 1731. 
iii. Martua, b. Jan. 14, 1733. 

iv. EpuRAiM.Jr. ? twins ; b. March 10, ^ Ann m. M.irch 11.1750. John 
V. An.v, <; 173.3. ,» II;,iiTi:.-Ojn. ot Wi;;:i:i:ihi. and 

had a danirhter Wmllhan,^ b. Jan. 0, 1757, and the mother died 
May 6, 17.58. 
vi, Lieut. llEKrAU, b. Feb. 22, 1737, and di'd at Albany in 1759, ro- 
turning from his military campaign, and his father Ejihraim only 
reached his home at II. to die very soon. 



I 



1881.] Wright Genealogy. 79 

vii. — ix. w^'everal. ■who?e nanie> nre "wanting. 

X. Gen. Damkl, b. m 17o6 at lleiiron ; m. raticnce , and bad cfve- 

ral cliiKko'.i— the uMest, J(,7!/5/ia,* b. about 177S, m. Elias Stuvte- 
vant, b. I7ti9; bad Sv.n Dea. (leorixe \V. S.. and died June 'JO. l^SO, 
aged ST year?, ns i:is fou did Feb>J3, 15C.3. ag-jd 61, at \\\^tp.)rt, 
N. v.. leaving jeveral cbildren. Gen. \Vright was in the Tvar or' the 
revolution < .me years aiccr 1775. and afterwards removed to New 
Ilauip-l:ire lor a tiiue, but in 1793 located at Westport. '.vhcre he 
died. O.t. I, IJCC, and his wife Patience April 17, 1629, aged 71 
years. 

9. r^r.xjAMi.N' Wright (-I^.e/.= Ahe?). b. March 3, 1714. at Lebanon : 

m. liaehel in ITGd. autl had nine chihlren. as recorded in L. I have 

only an imperfect knowledge oi him and iiis posterity, but can eive the 
names and birth-dates of his children, as below. In 18G-3 Rev. Jehiel Kel- 
logg' Wright, an.aged liaptist niiidster at AVest Cornwall, Yt.. gave me some 
account of this family ia the lii^o nf his sou i?t'/y"o/y( ;'/;.* b. July .5. 17o7, 
and his son Daiin:!." ii. Aul'- lo. 1770. who died at Cornwall. Jan. b. 1837. 
Ret: J. A7 Wright was b. Aug. lo. IsQl. and d. Aug. 25. 1875. By him I 
learned tliere was a iarge posterity from liis grandfather ijt'/;/f//»m'* of 1737, 
of whom I hope to gather fuller r-.-eords. Al.'out the same year I gathered 
from Mr. Elijah Wright, of Westport. N. Y.. some account of Abel,'* born 
Aug. 8. 1742 {B-rij:nnin.^ Ahd.- Ahtl^), who m. Elizabeth Baldwin, had 
three children at Martford. Yt.. where he died Feb. 1828, aged ^')\ years. 
This tJijah^ b. Dec. 28, 17J'J. was at his grandfather's funeral, being a son 
of -4'7r=/* and Alice (Page) Wrighf. who had six children, and died July, 
1827, at Hartford. \t. He reports quite a posterity from Abel* of 1742. 
more of wdiom I hope to reach in due time. The children of Bkxja.min 
and Rachel were : 

i. LrcY, b. May 15. 1735. 
15. ii. Benjamin, b. ./ulv 5. 1737 ; ra. Ann Redington. 

iii. Mkkcy, b. July -jG. 1739. 

iv. Abel, b. Aug. '8_. 1740; m. Elizabeth Baldwin, and three children, 
Akl.^ IrtJiiJ' and Mary,'' and died as given above, Feb. 1&2S. 

V. Marv. b. Oct. 2, 1741. 

Ti. Hacuel. b. Feb. l-b 1747 ; m. Whiting Strong. 

vii. Maj )r David, b. March 14. 1749 ; lu. Eailey, as reported, and had 

five children in Harti jrd. Vt., viz. : Dncid.^ !». about 177.3-6 ; li-m- 
nah,' h. 177>, in. Mi!.. Marsti, and sis chi! !rcn : Daniel.' y[.D., 
b. about 17c0; [Vilurm,' h. about 1783-4 : and Wealthy,^ b. aLout 
17S<l-7, and ni. Finnco. 

viii. Kebecca, b. Apii! 2, 1752; m. Christopher Pease, and had *:is cbild- 
ren or ui'jre 

ix. JoNATnAN, b. March 31, 1754 : m. Ryder, as renorted. and died 

in Lebanon, X. ii., or in that vicinity. I Lave 175 — 200 of the pos- 
terity of Bz-vj^Mis W.,^ of 1714, more or less correctly named and 
dated. 

10. Ebexezeh" WitionT {Ebenezer,' AM,' JbeP), b. Jan. 2, 1727. at 

Windham ; m. 3Iarch 11, 1751, Mercy, dau. of Amos and Leach, and , 

had ten children, and has had a posterity of over twelve hundred to the I 

tenth generation already attained. He was a farmer, lived in Manstield a i 

few years, then in ISew Fairlield. Conn., then in Newtown, Sussex Co., N. J., 

and about 17G5-G remove<l to Shaftsbury, Yt. The events of the uar of i 

the n- volution sent him to Ca.nada West, where he spent the evening of liis f 

life, with his companion and live children near him. at Cornv.all and f 

Johnstown, where he died July 18, 18UU, as his wife had done May 13, 
1801, aged 07^ years. Their children were: 



80 Wright Genealogy. [Jan. 

16. i. Dea. Akradam, b. July 13. 1750 (X. Style) ; m. Sarah Babcoek, and 

had luue cliildren, and sednid. Phelie Durt. and tiiree mure. 

17. ii. Capt. AsAUEL, b. Au<x. IS. 1751; m. Eve Ihiyncs, and nine children. 
iii. Zerviah, b. Dec. 4. 1756 : ni. .March 3, 1775, Charles Spencer (b. .Mar. 

10, 1719), of Shaftjiuuy. and had eight cliildren, and died April 
L'9, 1793. Mr. S. was a sjldier in the revolutionary war. a fanner, 
and died Xuv. IS, IS 13, a^^ed 94 years and ciirlit months. A pos- 
terity of about 200 have eoaie from Z>:rviali \V. Sp-^myr. 

18. iv. EiJENKZEii. b. Oct. 15,1753: rn. about 1780-!^ Kacliel Marsh. 

19. V. Amos, b. June O-', 1701. at Newtown, N. J., and n;. .Sabra Wilcox, of 

, about 1785. and had four children. He dtjd July 18, 1796. 

20. vi. David, b. Nov. Ifi, 1763. at Newtown; m. Tamar Burritt about 1790 ; 

had eight children, and died Oct. 05, 1819, at Cornwall, a farmer.' 

vii. Mercf, b. ;March 26. 1760. at Shaftsbury, Vt. ; m. Nov. 12. 17S3, 
George McEwen, a fiirmer of Hincsl)arg". Vt. ; had nine clnldren, 
and died at H., Dec. 20. 1847, leavini: a^good posterity. Her child- 
ren were— Dea. Janus,^ b.Jan. 23. 1786. and live children ; C/iarlcs,'^ 
b. July 19. 1787. tour children : Aujustus,^ b. Deo. 17. 1788. bad 
twelve chihhvn ; Cain. Ca'-i/,ni,^ b. .Alarch 25, 1791. an^l seven child- 
ren ; Rdnsom,^ b. Dee. 26. 1792. m. i)ut no children ; Dea. George,^ 
b. Dec. 19, 1794. and ten ciiildren ; Caroline,^ b. Jan 29, 1798. and 
one child; Ribcccn.^ b. July 11. 1^00. m. and died soon ; and M'.rcy 
Morinda,^ h. May Zy, 1802, and had sis children. A large posterity- 
came from Mtrcfj W. McEwen. 

viii. Sarah, b. Sept. 3, 1768; m. Pelcg Spencer, a brother of Charles, 
above, and had seven children, and died Jan. 2. 1844, at Johnstown. 
C. W. 

ix. Elizabeth, b. April 21. 1773. and d. Oct. 9. 1777. 

X. PiEnECCA, b. April 24, 1776 ; m. Mace, and one child, Sybil,^ born 

1795 ; m. second, IJenry Barnhart, Sept. 2, 1800, and bad nine 
children and over fifty grandchildren. A farmer's wife, and d. Sept. 
1, 1847, at Coruwall,^'. West. 

11. Rev. Eliphalkt* Wright {Ehenezer,' AM' Abe?) was born Feb- 
27. 1729. at Windham. Conn. He married. ]May 22. 1751, Hannah, dau. 
of Thomas ^Marsh. of W., and had nine children born at W. and South 
Killingly, Ct. He was a tanner and currier and shoemaker by trade in 
early life, but became pastor of the Con^^regational church at South Kil- 
lingly in 17G4, where he continued until his lamented death. Aug. 4, 17.S4. 
His widow lived to a great age, and died Jan. 2. 1815. at Hinsdale, ~Mass., 
at the home of her son. Capt. Samuel* Wright, who cared for her in the de- 
cline of life. Though not liberally educated, Rev. Kliphalet Wriglit was 
an acceptable preacher, and published a sermon preached on Thanksgiving 
Day, Dec. 5, 1776, of which I now possess a copy, that has the ring of true 
patriotism in it, for tho-e " times that tried men's souls." It was printed by 
J. Trumbull, of Norwich, Conn. His children were: 

i. Hannah, b. Jan. 9, 1752, at M. ; d. April 6. 1753. 

ii. Hannah, 2d, b. July 9, 1751 : m. Jan. 1772, Barnabas Davis, and had 
seven cldldren. She died at KiUinLdy, Sept 24, 1844, aged 90. 

iii. Eliphalet, Jr., b. Dec. 16, 1756 ; d. 1700. 

iv. Elnice. b. May 3. 1759: d. Aug. 11, 1760. 
21. V. Capt. Samuei,, b. Aprd 12. 1701 ; m. Keziali Stearns, had eight child- 
dren ; by second wife, Bitsey Watkins. had four more. 

vi. Eunice, 2d, b. March 1, 1701 : m. Day. 

vii. Sauah, b. March 7, 17ot;, at Kiilinuly : m. I-aac Spraeuc and had 
fie\cn children, aia-nj: them Bev. E-.ra S:irn<jvi ,'' of riic M. E. ofier. 

viii. Reuecca, b. Dec. I, 1767; m. .Juiues Barkis, and had five chiiuren. 

ix. Olive, b. Jan. 6. 1770 ; m. Capt. Abraham W ashburn, of Hinsdale, 
Mass , in April, 1806, as second wife, and had three children — 
Abraham,^ d. young : Mar^j Aort/irop,^ b. May 9, 1808, ra. Elijah 
II. Goodrich of H. (had .seven sons, of whom two are college gradu- 



1881.] Wright Genealogy. 81 

ates, Rev. John E.^ of the UniTersity of Vermont, cla?s of 1853. and 
Rev. Chaiinoy,' ofWcis. College, class of lt6l) ; andO/zr?,* b. June 
4, 1810. Mrs. Washburn died June "20. ISIO, and her husband 
Aug. 23, lS51,aged nearl3-95 years, having beeu Iwru Dec. CO, 1753. 

12. Elisiia* TTright {Ebcnczer.^ AhcL' AbeP) was born in "Wiudiiam, 
Sept. 18, 17S4. lie married, lirst. Hannah, daughter of John Baldwin, of 
Norwich, Oct. 28, 175G. and bad teu children, when his wife died June G, 
1777, and five of his children also, of an epidemic, in five months of time. 
He married, second, Chloe Spatibrd, April 14, 1778, who bore him three 
more children. He was a tanner and small farmer at Mansfield, where he 
died, Oct. 20. 1785, being crushed under a cart wheel. His widow out- 
lived him fifty-four years, dying April 10, 1844, aged 95. Their children 
were : 

i. Araunah, h. Nov. 15. 1757 ; d. May 6, 1777. 

22. ii. Elisha, b. Xov. 9, 1759 ; m. A?enath Brigham about 1792, and had 

four children. 

iii. Hannah. ) twins ; b. Feb. 4, ^ Hannah d. Aug. 27. 1777. 

iv. Elizabeth. 5 1762. ^ m. Paul Clark, a suldier of the revo- 

lution, and a farmer, in 17S5, and had eight children, all born in 
Hartford, \i., of whom seven married and had about lirt.v children 
in their families. Mr<. Claris died Sept. 21, 1S13, at Williston, Vt. 

T. Mary, b. Feb. 22. 1761 ; d. Aug. 10, 1777. 

vi. LccY, b. Sept. 30, 17GG ; m. Amasa AVatkins, of Reading, Yt., and 
had eight children. 

vii. Olive, b. .March 7, 1769 : d. Aug. 13, 1777. 

23. viii. Abraham .Sp.mford, b. Jan. 19. f772 ; m. first, Uonnah Dunham, and 

second, Pullv Shaw, and had eleven children in all. He died March 
4, 1820, at K^.valt-n, Vt. 
ix. Parthena, b. May 23. 1774 : d. Aug. 6, 1777. 

24. X. John Hvde. b. April 19. 1777; ra. Lorinda Royce, of Mansfield, Oct. 

7, 1802; had four children. He wa=i a farmer, and d. in Willing- 
ton, Ct., Feb. 1SC6, aged S9, as Lis wife did the same month. 

By second wife : 

xi. Hannah. 2d, b. Feb. 16, 1780 : d'ed at Lebanon, August 29, 1810. 

xii. Olive, b. Jan. 1. 1782 : m. Timothy AViliiams, of Lebanon, Sept. 23, 
1609, and had eii'-ht children. Mr. Wiiiiams had been a school 
teacher in early life, and was a member of the Connecticut legisla- 
ture several terms m his maturer years. 

xiii. Parthena, 21, b. July 23. 1734 ; m. 1805, Dea. Jesse Gurley, of 
Mansfield (b. May 1, 1785), and had three daughters who each be- 
came the second wife of Baptist ministers — Snphia Sy/'i/,^ m. Rev. 
Leonard Slater, missiunary to the Indians ; Sophronia Spofford,^ m. 
Rev. Bela Hicks : M^nj,^ m. Rev. Miner G. Clarke, and has an only 
son, 'William Cary,^ in business at Chicago. Mrs. Mary G. Clarke 
has done good work with her pen. 

13, Capt. AiiAZiAH* AVright (Ebenezer,^ Abel,'' AbeP) was born Feb. 
11, 1739, at "Windham. He married. April 1, 17G2, Zerviah, dau. of Capt 
and Dea. Eleazer Fitch, of "W., and had five sons and five daughters. He 
served in the war, was a farmer in ^Mansfield, and the executor of his fa- 
ther's last v.ill, dated Dec. 2, 17GS. and probated in 1787-8. About 1793 
-4, he removed to Sali-bury, in the north-west corner of Connecticut, where 
he and his wife (who were both baptists) died cot long after. But definite 
information is lacking. Their children were : 

i. Sarah, b. Tues. 2 o'clock P.M., March 29, 17G3. 

25. ii. Ebenezer, b. Wednes. 1 A.M., April 10, I7G5 ; m. Anna Galusba, a 

sister of Gov. Jona.s G., of Shaftsbury, Vt., about 1787-8, and had 
eight children and a large posterity widely scattered. 

VOL. xxxr. 8 



82 W7'ight Genealogy. [Jan. 

iii. Zkrtiaii, b. Nov. 21. 1767; d. unmarried. 

iv. Eleazer Fitch, b. .March 'JO, n70 ; m. but lost to kindred. 

V. Dekorah, b. Fob. G, 1773 ; ni. Nichols, in Salisbury, had three 

children, all dead, and she died Dec. 18, 1S19, at Canfield, Ohio. 
vi. Dr. Amaziah, b. Jan. 5. 1776 ; m. Maria A. Lane, of New Millord, 

Ct., Jan. 10. ISOy ; had a «on Geor(je William.^ b. March 20, 18l3, 

and one daughter. He died at N. Miliord, Dec. 11, 1S3S, alter 

a successful practice in New York city. 
vii. EnrnALET, b. Dec. 23, 1777. and d. at iialisbury, unm. 

26. viii. TuoMAS, b. March 1, 177y ; in. Clari.?sa Hollenbeck, and second, 

Eliza Prvor, and had ten children; was a tL\rmer ; d. August 21, 
1S54, at Hudson, 0. 

ix. Mart, b. Feb. 23, 17S2 ; m. Augustus Hammett, at Jewett City, Ct., 
and had one son, Samuel Aiams,^ b. Feb. 4, 1816, who was a cap- 
tain in the Mexican war, an author, and a merchant in New York 
city. Mrs. II. died in New York city April 5, le26. 

X. Jerusua, b. Aug. 2'J, 1784; m. Ensign Church, in Salisbury, Ct., 
and had two children, when Mr. C.'died in 1813. She m. second, 
Eli T. Boughton, May 22, 1814, and had four more children. One, 
Mary Sophia^ Church, b. Feb. 20, 1807, is the wife of Judge Ebene- 
zer Newton, of Canfield, Ohio, where the mother died about 1870, 
leaving quite a posterity. 

14. Eleazer* Wright (Ebenezcr,'' Abel,^ AbeP) was born at Mansfield, 
April 12, 17-11, and m. Anna Marsh, April 25, 17C5, dau. of Joseph M., of 
Windham, b. Nov. 3, 1745, and Iiad twelve children, four sous and eight 
daughters, all born iu M., where the parents lived and both died — the father 
Jan. 1, 1825, and the mother April 10, 1825. They were baptists, as many 
of their children and posterity are. Their childreu were as follows : 

i. Anna, b. Oct. 2, 1766; m. Capt. Daniel Dimock, of Coventry, Ct., 
Nov. IG, 1766. a farmer, and had nine children. She died June 20, 
1832, and he died Aug. 1, 1833. 
ii. Partuena, b. Dec. 20, 1767. and died Sept. 2, 1769. 
iii. Elizabeth, b. July 21, 1769; m. Capt. Shubael Dimock (cousin of 
Daniel), Jan. 23. 1789, and had eight children. She died August 1, 
1837, at Manstield. 
iv. Eleazer, Jr. b. Feb. 23, 1771, and d. Sent. 21, 1802, unm. 
V. Marvin-, b. June 8, 1772 ; d. Dec. 27, 1773. 
vi. Eliphalet, b. Nov. 30. 1774 ; d. Nov. 3, 1775. 

vii. Clara, b. Aug. 19, 1776; m. Robert Barrowes, a farmer of M., Nov. 
25, 1799, and had ten children, and d. March 3, 1h36, at ^I., as her 
husband did March 24. 1850. 
viii. Mary, b. May 19, 1778, and d. unm. Aug. 23, 1851. 
ix. Jemima, b. Aug. 25, 1780 ; ra. Abram Parrish, ^March 15. ISOl, and 

had ten children, and d. Jan. 11, 1523. at ^Vi]kesbarre, Pa. 
X. Sophia, b. Sept. 2:^, 1782 ; m. Horace Hanks, of M., March 11, 1801, 
and had eight children — one. Rev. Slrdma/i Wrifjht,^ now of Boston, 
b. Sept. 6, 1811, was a graduate of Amherst College in the class of 
1837. She died Jan. 1, IfloO, at Man.-tield. 

27. xi. Stedman Huntington, b. July 4, 1784; m. Polly Barrows, of M. ; 

had ten children, and died at South Weymouth, Mass., Nov. 3, 1857. 
Two of his daughters were the wives of Kev. Sylvester Barrows, a 
baptist pastor. 
xii. Orrilla, b. May 3, 1786; m. Ralph Storrs, of Mansfield, a farmer, 
Jan. 14, 1810, and had five children, and died March 8, 1S04. 



l^ote. — Of other families I may not give an account at present, for want of room, 
from numbers 15 to 27, as 1 had intended. S. VVrigut. 

Nov. 22, 1880. 



1881.] Letters Written during the Revolution. 83 



LETTERS WRITTEN DURING THE REVOLUTION. 

Communicated by Jonx S. H. Fogg, M.D., of South Boston, Mass. 

I. Robert Morris to John Bradford. 

John Bradford esq. Phil^ DecemV 24. 1776. 

Dear Sir 

I have just received your favours of the 28'-^ Nov. & 5"" Dec: by 
the first it appears to me that you have written some letters that have never 
come to ban.], for I know nothing about tlie ship loaded with Staves in 
a particvlar manner : nor have I heard any thing of the others you saj 
were to be sold in the course of a Month. I suppose the letter in which 
these things have been mentioned must have fallen into the Enemy's hands. 
The bill you have drawn for Ace' of the schooner Wolfe & Cargo shall be 
paid when presented, and I am very glad you have drawn it as I wished 
the matter settled before I left this Town : if I should be obliged to leave 
it. You must have undoubtedly heard of our unhappy situation here, the 
Enemy have marched unmolested through New Jersey with an avowed de- 
sign of taking possession of this City, & yet the Militia, or rather associa- 
tors both of that & this State cannot be prevailed on to turn out in that 
general and spirited manner that People should do on such an Occasion : 
their backwardness does not proceed from want of Spirit, but from a dissat- 
isfaction that is but too general both there & here, with the Constitutions 
formed for their future Governments, with many of the People now in 
Power, with the scarcity & high price of Salt & many other Articles. The 
Tories & disatFected People amongst us take advantage of the present con- 
fusion, work on the fears of the timid, excite the jealousies of the suspicious, 
and in short, one way or the other prevent the Force of the Country from, 
being exerted in this day of Tryal. 

I am now at the 26'*^ Dec'" &, have the pleasure to tell you the associa- 
tors are coming down from the back parts of this State ; those from the 
City have been with Genl. Washington for some time <fe I begin to have 
hopes that Phil* may be preserved from the hands of our Enemies. The 
loss of it would be the most fatal blow that America could receive as our 
artificers & manufacturers have proved a Constant Magazine of Necessa- 
rys for the Army, Navy & all the other States. The Congress ad- 
journed about a fortnight ago to Baltimore in Maryland, at that time I sent 
away my Family, Books, papers, and a considerable Value in Effects, but 
having still a great deal left here I am unwilling to depart until it becomes 
absolutely necessary for personal safety, especially as I find myself very 
useful in adjusting a deal of Public business that the Congress left unfin- 
ished. I mention these things to shew you that I have not with me the 
Copies of the former letters I wrote you, nor any other of your Letters than 
the two acknowledged in the beginning of this. I cannot help regretting 
very much that your answer to my letter of the 8"" Oct never came to hand, 
for it was in that Letter of the -8"' if I remember right that I proposed 
Speculating in Prize Goods &;c. Your reply therefore would have been 
very useful & for want of it I am much at a loss what to say on that subject. 

Havhig been called otf when I had got thus far on with this letter I am 



84 Letters lVritte7i during the Revolution. [Jan. 

now at the 12"' Jany. You will think it strange I should be so long as 
from the 24"" Dec' to the \'2^^ Jauy writing you a letter & so it seems to 
nie. but I declare to you my time is so taken up with Public business since 
the Congress departed from hence that I am obliged to neglect my own 
atfairs totally. With respect to any purchase you have made on specula- 
tion in which you have interested me or did intend to interest me, lam con- 
tent to abide by what you have done and reposing unlimited confidence ia 
your judgment and integrity, I agree that you proceed in such speculations 
as I formerly proposed to the extent then mentioned, and I will send you 
money to pay my quota fast as you advise me of the sums necessary. Thank 
God i think our City is cow perfectly safe, and as I think the British Troops 
must soon evacuate all 2S'ew Jersey our intercourse will become free & open 
again : in tlie mean time if vou are obliired to advance INIouey or borrow it, 
to pay a part of t!ie purchase I will cheerfully pay the interest. 

The Congress have appointed myself & two other ^lembers that hap- 
pened to remain liere. a Committee to Conduct the Continental business in 
this place & plenty of it we have &. are like to have. 

I gave Mr: Alex: Rose & Mr: X. Eveligh of South Carolina letters of 
introduction to you. these Geat° depositeil considerable Sums of Money 
in the Loan Office here c^c took with them the Continental Loan Office Cer- 
tificates bearing interest. I persuaded them to this measure supposing they 
would readily get money for the notes in all or any of the Eastern States, 
but depend on you to prevent their being disappointed, of which however 
I hope there is not any danger ; but rather than they should sulFer I will 
send them the money from hence on notice that it is necessary. I am very 
hai)py to learn the Alfred is arrived in your Fort & her Prize at Bedford 
ia Dartmouth: the Cargo of that Prize will be particularly useful to the 
States at this time as the recruiting Service for the New Army goes on very 
fast. The Wolfe is sailed from Virginia with a Cargo of Tob" forCurracoa 
& I hope will arrive safe. Your draft on me was paid soon as it appeared 
& if you can draw on me for any Money, wanted in our speculations the 
bills shall meet equal honor. 

I congratulate you on our late successes in New Jersey and with great 
esteem remain Dear Sir Your obed' hb'^ .Servant 

RoBT. Morris. 

P. S. I expect to write you seperate letters on Public business. 

John Bradford Esq. 

[Addressed : " To | John Bradford Esq: ] Agent to the Continental | 
Navy, 1 Boston." " Free j Robt Morris."] 



11, From Francis Lifjhffoot Lee. 

Philadelphia Jany 5 1779. 
Dear Bro : 

The uncertainty of the Post last week prevented me from writing, 
and now from the uncertainty of this Letter's reaching you before you leave 
home, I am at a loss what to say. 

Common Sense has attacked Mr: Deane something in his own way, but 
I think has not made the best use of the materials in his hands : how- 
ever it apjiears he has stung the Gent', for he has hail the impudence to 
conii)iaiii to Congress, of his being abused by Payne in his otiicial charac- 



1881.] JVotes and Queries. 85 

ter, in consequence of wliicli we liave had some warm debates, not much to 
Mr: Deanes advantage. The impudence and villainy of this man are be- 
yond expression : & it much increases my bad opinion of mankind, & the 
unfavorable prospect of our aftairs. to find him so warmly supported. It 
appears to me at present that he will be continued in the public service, with 
an approbation of what he has done, but you will probably have time to be 
present at the shameful decision. Your piece is in the hands of 3Ir: Ad- 
ams for his opinion ; tho I am inclined to delay it till you come, as the 
public is likely to be entertained in the meau time. Finance is finished, 15 
million dollars raised by tax. this year, 6 millions yearly for 16 years as a sink- 
ing fund, the two last large emissions, amounting to 40 odd millions, which 
are supposed most counterfeited, are called in by the P' June, and new money 
given in Exchange. I fear the p)lau will not sutliciently check the rapid 
depreciation which has lately taken place as the money has almost ceased 
to be current in the Eastern States. Altho we have regularly the report 
of the day, yet there is very little of consequence to be depended on, tho 
I believe it is certain the Enemy's Shipping at N. York, has suffered much 
by the late bad weather. It is said to day, that there is a fleet of Merchant- 
men in the mouth of the River convoyed by a french line of battle ship 
and a Dutch man of war. 

I have Letters for you from Dr: Lee Late in Sept'', they are in Cypher 
& will wait for you here, nothing new in Europe when these Dispatches 
came away. If you have an opportunity to M* Airy before you leave 
home shall be obliged if you will get from Mrs: Garrett a sealed Packet I 
left in her care : and bring it up with you, it contains my Loan Otfice cer- 
tificates, Lottery Tickets &, some Money. Love to Chantilly & Stratford. 

Yours AfBy. 

Francis Lightfoot Lee. 

The report of the fleet in the River not true. 



NOTES .VND QUERIES. 

Notes. 

Bryant. — Since the article on Lt. John Bryant in this issue (pp. 37-9) was print- 
ed, I have been able to verify the statement that John Bryant married Abiiaii, dau. 
of Stephen Bryant. I have fjund recorded in the Plymouth County records, a deed 
dated January 24, 1009, in which Stephen Bryant conveys " to my son-in-law John 
Bryant, mariner," &.c. 

By mistake in the same article. I made Levi Berry, who married Lusannah, dan. 
of Solomon Bryant, the s-^n of Ge^jrtie of Falmouth. He was the son of William of 
Falmouth, grandson of Geor_'e and Sarah Stickney, great-grandson of George and 
Elizabeth Frink ; great-great-grandson of George and Deliverance Haley, of Kit- 
tery : probably g. g. g. grandson of Jc>seph, and g. g. g. g. grandson of William, of 
Portsmouth, N. U., in 1031. William Berby Lapham. 

Augusta, Me. 



Portrait of the Hon. William Adams Richardson. — A fine portrait of Hon. 
VVilliam A. Richardson, Judge of the United States Court of Claims, has been 
painted by Staigg. The sabject of the picture was Secretary of the Treasury 
under Gen. Grant, and this is his ofBcial portrait, to be put up in the Trea,sury De- 
partment together with tho-e of previous secretaries. Judge Richardson was very 
popular as Judge of Probate in Middlesex County, in this state ; and bia friends. 
VOL. XXXT. 8* 



86 N'otes and Queries. [Jan. 

rccoirnize witli pleasure the skill of the distinguished artist in placing on canvas a 
Tf-ry life-like exjiression of his face ; the tirm mouth, and very keen but genial eyes 
are especially noticeable. — Boston Travcutr. 

Judge Richardson is an honorary vice-president of the Nev? England Ilistoric, 
Genealogical Society. 



Phei.ps. — I learn through correspondence with administrator and friends of Henry 
J. "Wright (late of Hartford. Conn., deceased ISTl), that information concerning 
Phcl]is Genealogy cannut be had through his former efforts, as '* his books and 
papers which he had been to so much pains to collect, were burned in New York a 
year or two before his deatli." Some manuscriptin regard to his own (the Wright) 
family is in existence. B. R. Phelps, Jr. 

W. R. Junction, Vt. 



MEACnru. — In Savage's Gen. Diet, it is stated that " Jeremiah Meachura, of 
Salem, 1600, married Deborah, dau. of John Brown of "Watertown," Sec, and died 
1695, 33. 81. Havino; had occa'^ion lately to look up the Meachums and Hackers, I 
find an egregious mistake regarding the above marriage, which should be set right. 
The ab<jve Xeremiah made his will April 12, 1694, at' which time he styles himself 
" quite ancient, and about 81 years old." His will was proved Nov. 18, 1695, at 
which time he would be 82 years old. He also names his first wife Margaret, de- 
ceased, and his present wife Alice. 

Mr. Meachum was born about 1613. Mr. Brown, father of Deborah, born 1631, 
and the last named born 1673. 

In farther .search I found it was Mr. Meachum's grandson Jeremiah, born Dec. 
21, 1673, who married said Deborah, a partial account of whose family is on Salem 
records. I thougiit an abstract of the forecroing. published in the Register as erra- 
ta, would prove beneficial to the public. I would say that the grandson Jeremiah 
■was son of Jeremiah, Jr., and Mary, dau. of Henry Trask. Perley Derb"^. 

Salem, Mass. 



IxscRiPTioxs AT Wakefield. — The following inscriptions were copied by Alfred 
Poor, Esq., from the burial ground at this place : 

1/ Wm. Hescy, aged about 70 years, died 30=^ of May 1689. 

Nath' Goodwin atred 51. died Aug. 23, 1693. 

Cap* Jona. Poole died 1678, in his 44'^ year. 

Matthew Edwards, aged 52, died Dec. 23, 1683. 

Dea. Thomas Parker, one of the foundation of the Church, died Aug. 12, 1683, 
aged about 74. 



Dennvsville, Me. — The 75th anniversary of the organization of the Congrega- 
tional Church at this place was celebrated there. Oct. 25, 18S0. An account of the 
services, including the Historical Address by the Rev. Charles Whittier, the pastor, 
is printed in the Eastport Sentinel, Nov. 24, 1880. 



The Houe Farm.— Messrs. Boardman & Hall, Journal Building, Augusta, Me., 
have commenced the publicatiun of a weekly agricultural paper, under the title of 
" The Home Farm : a Journal of Practical Agriculture and ilome Life." The 
editor is Samuel L. Boardman, Esq., a writer of ability, wh(;se contributions to the 
Register have made him familiar to our readers.^ He has had luuch experience as an 
agricultural editor, having served on the staff of the Maine Farmer and American 
CuUicator. The first number was i.'jsued Nov. 13, 18S0. Each number contains 
8 quarto pages, 13.i by 20 inches. The subscription price is .$1.50 a year. Mr. 
Boardman makes a very interesting and valuable paper, and he and hia partner have 
our good wishes for tiieir success. 



Early Australian Newspapers.— The October, 1830, number of Walch's Literary 
Intelligencer contains a valuable bibliographical list of the early new.spapers printed 
in the Australian colonies. The first newspaper named is the Sidney Gazette and 
New South Wales Advertiser, published at Sidney by George Howe. The first num- 
ber bears date March 5, 1803. 



1881.] 



^^tes and Queries. 



Census of New HA^f^s^IRE, 1775.-The following is a copy of 
contemporary ducumeot tarnished for the Register by John Langdon 
late librarian of Uarvard University : 

Number of Inhahitants-Extract-Min^^ of Com^'' of Safety 



an appa 
Sibley, 



87 



rently 
A.M., 



Counties of 



ei '^ 



Rockingham 

Stratford 

Hillsborough 

Cheshire 

Grafton 



9165 
33T1 

4300 
i>yS3 
lOU 



60S3 
oos2 
2563 
•2009 
834 



20,S63 13.971 



1S65 
5-20 
610 
3-23 
118 

3,436 



10-27 
275 
G50 
376 
158 



2 
o 

til 

19070 
G16-2 
7737 
49GI 
1693 



2.486 39,628 



440 
103 

87 

24 
661 



2 

< 
37850 
12713 
15947 
10659 

3876 
81,045 



[Underneath in another hand i* :] 

Massachusetts March 1776. 

343876 Whiles 
5249 Blacks 

352171 Wlutes 1786 
4371 Blacks 



500 
430 
225 
1155 



37.850 
12,713 
16.447 
11.089 
4,101 
62,200 



Library of tde late Hon. William Green.-: We would call the attention of our 
_»adersto the bale of t 
the Register, and to the review of 



readers to the sale uf this valuable library". 'advertised "in the present number of 
'ew of its catoloiTue among our book :sutices. 



Queries. 

Hf7EKI\h HATDEV.-Stiles. in History of Windsor, .says he was taken prisoner 
in me and died of starvation on board the prison ship at New York He was then 
35 years old. Was he a married man ? Did he leave any chi dren ? 

Charks Havden, the father of Jiid^e Chester Hayden, ot Une.da Co., N.Y., 
wa^bot wS]in.f:.rd, Conn Sept. 20, 1762 i^f '-^'^-f,^-^^^^^^^:-'^^ 
dition, " died on^b.ard the British prison ship Jersey.' W as he a sun ot ileze 

^^l^BZ^¥f' "^ '"' '"''''' '" " '""^ev. Horace Eowin Havbex. 

Saunderson, Swallow and WARNER.-Information is desired which will lead to 
the identification of the persons named in the following items : 

" Susanna Saunderson married Joseph Swallow. ,, „q, „ 

" Samuel Warner was married to Marati swallow the 4th of May 1684. 

The latter is fLund m the records of the old town of Dunstable, now oreBcrve^ at 
Nashua, N. H. -E^^^^^ ^- ^^^^^^^^• 

Needham, Mass. 



Dennis.— Any one po= 



ssin-^ any records or items concerning the family of 
•• Dennis," of the colonies of Massachusetts or Rhode Wand prior to 17-b wiU 
Dlea'^e forward the same to the undersigned, and in this way assist in establishing 
a reliable record of the family back to the En-lish County families. ^ ^^^^^^^ 
Auburn, N. Y. 



88 N'otes and Queries. [Jan. 

Wright.— Can any one help me in reference to the foUowino; dntes and persons 
of the Cnpt. Amazial? Wri-bt family? Capt. Amaziah W.. son of Ebenezin-^ and Sa- 
rah (Huntini^ton) Wright, of Mansfield, born Feb. 11, 1739 ; u\. Zcrviah Fitch, April 
1, 176"2, a daughter of Captain and Deacon Eleazer F., uf Windham. Conn. lie 
lived in Mansfield most of his life, where his ten children were horn from 1763 to 
1785. lie settled the estate of his father, who died April •2-2, 17S6, in M., and re- 
moved soon afterwards to Salisbury near the northwest corner of the state, where he 
and his wife died, and also son Eliphalet^ born Dec. '28, 1777. 

Who can give the dates of these three deaths ? or any of them_ from tombstone 
inscriptions or authentic records? Or the date of their settlement in Salisbury ? 

Aijain : he had a son Ekazer Fitch^ W., born March 22, 1770 ; m. (can any 

one say to whom ?), removed to central or western New York, and had sons and 
daughters — ^Vaiter,^ Maria.^ Caroline^ and Electa.^ Caroline married Mr. Rich- 
ard 'Morris and went to Cedar Lake, Waushara Co., Wis.; and Maria lived with 
them unmarried, years ago. Who can give any knowledge of this family, or anj' 
of them ? or their P. 0. address, so I may try to reach them? 

Glen's Falls, y. Y.,Dec. ISSO. S. Wright. 



Wood. — Any one possessing any records or items concerning the fmiily of 
" Wood," of the colony of Rhode Island, prior to the marriage of Isaac Wood and 
Kuth Barker, of Dartmouth. R. I., about 1755, will please foiward the same to the 
undersigned, and in this way a.=-ist in establishing a reliable record of the family, 
back to the English County families, if possible. C. E. Dennis. 

Auburn, JS. T. 



Early Boston born Child.— Tp=wich, Nov. 27, 1730. On Thursday last in the 
Forenoon died here Mrs. Grace Graves, Widow, in the 99th Year of her A2,e. Sho 
was one uf the first Female Engli-h Children tliat was Born in B.istou in New Eng- 
land ; She retained her reason ^and understanding to a giX)d degree to the last. — 
Boston (Jazelte, Nov. 30, 1730. 

Query. What was her maiden name ? 

Pemberton, — Rev. Ebenezer, D.D., installed over Brick Church, Boston, 1754; 
m. Anna, daughter of John Puwnall. Esq., when? She died in Boston, Marcii 8, 
1770, tet. 47 years. He made his will, June, 1777, mentions no wife, but gives to 
Susannah, wife of Rev. Mr. Syms, of Anduver, and sister to the testator's last wife, 
seven worked chairs which belonged tc bis said wife. He died Sept. 9, 1777, cet. 73. 
What were the maiden names of his previous wife or wives, and when did he marry 
them? 

It appears from a deed of Ebenezer Waters, of Boston, dated July, 1786, record- 
ed Suffolk Probate. Bk. 153 : 155, that he sells to Henry Xewhall, of Boston, ship- 
■wright, who had married his niece Hannah Newhall. deceased, house and land near 
Bennett Street, given and granted by John Charnock to John Pirn, and devised by 
said Pim to his wife Hannah, who aiterwards married the aforesaid Henry New- 
hall, and their estate which " my said niece inherited after the death of her sister, 
the wife of Parson Pemberton, deceased." 

I am inclined to think from the above, that one of his wives was a Waters. 
Salem, Mass. Matthew A. Sticknet. 



Angier, Colson. ^owL.^ND, Phillips, Tilden and Osment.— Information is de- 
sired of the parentaire of Dorothy , wife of Samuel Angier, of Cambridge. She 

■was born 1G&8 (probably July), died at Pembroke, Sept. 14, 1752. 

Of Ann Colson, who married Abnim llowland, of Duxbury or Pembroke, about 
1700. 

Of Thomas Phillips, of Duibury, who died Dec. 17, 1759, aged 81 years. His 
mother's name was Mary. 

Name and parentage of the wives of Samuel Tilden, born IG60, of Scituate, and 
Samuel Tilden, born 1718, of Scituate or Marshfield. 

Any information concerning the name of Osment, or any family of the name. 
It appears in Plymouth Deedii^(I think 'out once) in 1711. 

So. Hanover, Mass. C. T. Phillips. 



1881.] Notes and Queries. 89 

CoNCOKD (Ms.) S[.EFTY Iloi.LOw BcRUL Gkound. — On the most elevated portion 
of tliis cemetery is a slab over a tomb more tlmn a hundred j-ears old, if I mistake 
not, containing the remains of a Mr. Bond. After enumerating his virtues and the 
honors paid to him, the inscription terminates with the following quotation : — 
" What now but immortality can please".'*' 

Over another tomb or grave, near by, the slab records the death of a Mr. Boatton, 
and ftates at the end, in quotation marks, '' He closed his eyes and saw his God." 

from whom or what are these quaint quotations? L. 



Mayo, Merrick and Clark. — Deacon Joseph Maj'o, of Brewster, or Harwich (?), 
Mass. (born IG'JB, died 177^2) ; married in 1717-18, Abigail Merrick or Myrick. 
"Who were her parents and grandparents? 

Scotto Clark, of Harwich", Mass. (born 16S0), was married in 1706 to Mary . 

"Whoso daughter was she ? N. F. Clarke. 

81 Milk Street, Boston. 



Nicholas YouNGMAN, born in Boston, Oct. 18, 1723 ; married Mary "Wright; was 
living in Dunstable, N. II., in 1756, and in HoUis in 1770. Can any one inform 
me when and where he married ? where he lived previous to 1756, and where be- 
tween 1756 and 1770? lie had sons John and Thomas, who each served during 
the revolutionary war, and afterwards settled in "^'ermont. Can any one inform me 
in what towns ? Please address : David Youngmaj;. 

Boston, Mass. ,651 Trcmont St. 



Mather, Jeremiah. — Joseph Riggs, of Roxbury, Mass., in his will, dated Feb. 5, 
1714-15, proved May 5, 1715, speaks of his daughter Hannah Mather, and her hus- 
band J>remiah Mather. "Who was this Jeremiah Mather? To what family did he 
belong? WiLLiAii B. Trask. 



"\'alue of a Pound in Mass. and Conn. Colonies at Different Periods. — What 
was the value of a pound, "old tenor," in Mass. Colony in 1646? in 16S8? in 1716? 
Jn Conn. Colony in 1749? in 1754? in 1765? in 1775? and 1780? Was the value 
of the pound nearly the same in Massachusetts, R. Island and Colh. colonies at the 
same time? I tliink the value of the pound was generally regulated by the worth 
of an ounce of silver plate. "What was the value of an ounce of silver at each time 
specitied? When did the value of a pound in this country first become the same as 
in Eoiiland ? Address : J. Quincy Adams. 

Natic/c, Kent Co., R. 1. 



Sweet. — Can any one give me the date and place of birth, and of the marriage of 
Silas Sweet, who died Nov. 25, 1S22, and who was buried at or near Bradford, Vt. ? 
His wife, Mary Blackman, died Feb. 27, 1827. Silas was the father of Paul and 
the grandfather of the Hon. Ezra Smith Sweet — the writer's grandfather. Any farther 
informatiort respecting Silas or his antecedents will be gladly received and duly 
appreciated. Cuas. Sweet Johnson. 

1121 Tenth St., \Yashington, D. C. 



Replies, 

French Priests mentioned by Penhallow. — In the Register, xxxiv. 90-3, was 
printed a report by Samuel Penhallow of a mission by Theodore Atkinson and 
himself in 1703, to the Penobscot Indians. In it three friars, Monsieurs Pelas- 
.«us, (iaulin, and Philip Rogent, are mentioned. We wrote to John Gilmary Shea, 
LL.D., of Elizabeth, N, J., a.sking for information relative to them. He answers 
as follows : 

" Rev. Michael Anthony Gaulin was a priest of the Seminary of Quebec, and Mis- 
sionary Apostolic. He was burn in the parish of la Sainte Famiile, Isle Orleans, 
his [larents being Francis Gaulin and Mary Rocheron. He was ordained priest Dec. 
21, 1697.— Tainguay, Repertoire Gen., p. 71. He succeeded Thury on the Penubscot in 
1699, and as mibsionary of the Abenakis of Acadia, attended the great treaty of 



90 JVb/e5 and Queries. [Jan. 

Montreal in 1700. — X. Y. Col. Doc. ix. p. 720. He remained with the Ponob>cot 
Indians with Rev. Mr. Rageot till 1703. and returned to (sluobeo in Sept. 1704. Mr. 
Noiseaux, a Canadian compiler some years ago. states tliat he founded a mission 
among the Cenis in Texas, and was there two years. Tln> Spanish Franciscans iiad 
missions in that tribe, and would not have permitted a Frencli priest there. Nor 
does Gaulin's name appear in any Louisiana document. This statement logics very 
doubtful. He wag certainly near Port Koyal in 1711. and in September notiiied Cos- 
tebelle of the weaknes,s of the English garrison, and that the Acadians and Ir.dians 
needed only a French ofScer to carry the place. — Canada Doc. ii. pp. 893-6 ; N. Y. 
Col. Doc. ix. 859, 929. 

" He at this time owned a bark on the coa.st, which was apparently taken by Ensr- 
lish privateers (ib. p. 930). In 1713 he was asked to ur^c the Acadian~ and In- 
dians to remove to Louisburg. In 1726, as missionary to the Micmacs. he induced 
them to make peace with the Enirlish. and incurred the displeasure of the French 
authorities. — N . Y. Col. Doc. ix. 950. He was still there later and was imprisoned by 
the J'nglish— Charlevoix, v. p. 297. but was still on his mission work in 1727-S. 
He died at the Hotel Dieu. Quebec. .March 6. 1740. aged 66. and was buried in the 
Cathedral, in tlie sanctuary of the Holy Family. — Tninguay, Repertoire, p. 71. 

His associate, Rev. Philip Rageot. evidently the Rodent of Penhallow, was born 
at Quebec, June 11, 1673, son of Giles Hageot and Magdalen Morin, and was or- 
dained July 14, 1701. 

" From 1704 to his death in 1711, he was engaged in parochial duties in Canada, 
and was at the time of his decease, cure (1. e. parish priest) of Kamouraska. — Tain- 
guay, Repert. 

" Monshiur Pelassus, the Xorridgewalk friar, puzzles me. Rasles could not easily 
be twisted into Pelassus, yet I think he was intended ; for I know no other name 
that will come near it." ' 



Allen- (vol. xxxiv. p. 204). — I am informed by E. C. Leonard, Esq., of New Bed- 
ford, that my grandfather, John Allen, who came to this town from Plymouth, 
Mass., about ISIO, was of the sixth generation from Georije^ Allen of Sandwich, 1640, 
through Ralph,- Joseph,^ ^Vllliam,'' and William* his father. 

Croydon, N. H. Aloxzo Allen. 



Windham Canad.\.— In the Register for April, 1S50 (vol. sxxlv. p. 203), F. C. 
Pierce inquires where Windham village, alias'' Canada."' was loctod. The man- 
ual of the old Congregational Churcii in Windham, Ct. (formed Dec. 10. 1700), and 
printed at Norwich in 1S60, now before rae, says : " In 1723. a Colony of over sixty 
members was dismissed to form a church at ' Canada,' now Hampton."' Docs not 
this fact settle his question ? But further: in this manual a list of more than 
1280 names are printed, and among them occur those of Elizabeth and Ruth Bemis 
(Nos. 224 and 374), who went from the Wmdham to form this Hampton church. 
This may account fur the dismiseai of " Stephen Pierce and wile Abigail lieiDis to 
Windham Canada" — as some of her kindred already may have lived there in 
1732. S. Wright. 

Glen's Falls, N. Y., Dec. 10, 1880. 

[Barber (Conn. Hist. Coll. 424) calls it " Kennedy."— Ed. J 



A.VNOUNCEirENTS . 

HiSTORT OF THE FiRST CnuRCH IN RosTox. — Arthur B. Ellis, son of the Rev. Rufus 
Ellis, D.D., pastor of the First Church in Boston, is writinira history of that church 
from 1630 to IS80. His uncle, the Rev. George E. Ellis, D.D., will furnish a pre- 
face to the work. The first chapter has been printed as a specimen of the work, 
which promises to be one of much merit. 



Genealogies in Preparation. — Persons of the several names are advised to fur- 
nish the Compilers of the-^ genealogies with records of their own families and other 
information whicli they think will be useful. We would suggest that all facts of 
interest illustrating the family history or character be communicated, espe'.ialiy 
service under the U.S. government, the holding of other ofiices, graduation from 
college or professional schools, occupation, with dates and places of birth, marriage, 
residence and death. 



1881.] i>ociefies and their Proceedings. 91 

Ayhworlh. By Dr. Homer E. Aylsworth, of Roseville, Warren county, 111.— 
The ancestor of this family Avas Ai'thur Ayl^worth or Ayhvorth, -svlio emiirrated 
bcftiro July 29, 167U. m.iiried Mary Brown, uf Providence, R. I., and settled iu N. 
Kingston, R. 1., wliere he died in 1705. leaving pix sons. 

Ciii-fiaiid. I3y J. B. Cleveland, of Oneonta, Otsego County, N. Y. — Thia 
is intended to contain a record of all the Cleveland? in America descended from 
Mo?es Cleveland, who emiarated iu 163.3 and settled in Woburu, Mass. I: will be 
published in quarterly numbers of from 4S to 60 pa£:es, at 50 cents each, or 6 num- 
bers fiT $'J..30. The whole work will be furnished for $5. The first number will 
probalily be issued in Februarv. ISSI. It may be ordered of the author, as above, 
or of H. G. Cleveland. Clifron'llouse, Chicago, 111. 

Emerson. By Prof. Benjamin K. Emerson, Ph.D., of Amherst College, Am- 
her.st, Mass. — He has been fur a long time engaged in collecting materials for an 
Emerson genealoiry. 

Hopkins. By James H.Hopkins. 9 Hollis Ilall, Cambridge, Mass.— Mr. IIop- 
kins is tracing the descendants of Stephen Hopkins, of Plymouth, who came in the 
Mayflower, particularly the branch that settled in Barnstable county. Those who 
claim to be descendants of the Pilgrim are requested to eend him any facts that will 
aid him. 

Jacobs. By John A. Alton, of Webster, Mass. 

Learned. By the Hon. William L. Learned, justice of the Supreme Court of 
New York, Albany, X. Y.— Judge Learned is preparing a genealogy of the family 
of Learned— otherwise spelled La~rned, Learnard, and Lerned— descendants of Wil- 
liam Learned, of Charlescown. Mass. 

Mcrna/n. By M. B. Merriam, 9 Joy Street, Boston, Mass.— The work is now in 
prep.inition for the prt-ss. Family data, anecdotes, or any other material suited to 
add to the interest uf the work, may be addie.ssed as above. 

Payson. By John P. Paysou, of Chelsea, Mass. — Mr. Payson has been engaged in 
collecting materials for a genealogy of this liimily for upwards of thirty years, and 
has nearly completed the'lines ul' Ma>sachusetts, New York, Connecticut, Penn- 
sylvania, Maine, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. He would like detinite informa- 
tion regarding any of these lines of descent. He has had the use of the collections 
of the late Rev. Abner Morse, of Boston, and the late Lewis F. Payson, Esq., of 
San Antonio, Texas. 

Pierce. By Fred. B. Pierce, 47 Broad Street, Boston, Mass. — The genealogy of 
the Pierce family, from Thomas Pierce, of England, who settled with hia family in 
Charlestown, Mass., iu 1634. to the present time, is now, after a hard and laborious 
work of about ten years and at great expense, comjdeted — and will be pub ished, 
provided enough sub-eriptinns can be obt..ined. It \sd\ ii\c\\.v\Q fac similes of over 
three hundred original autograpljs. including that of the original ancestor, besides 
Btcel-plate engravings, heliotypes. and copies of original deeds and wills. It will be 
a work of some 500 pages, ami will cost $5 per copy. 



SOCIETIES AND THEIR PROCEEDINGS. 

New-England Historic, Genealogical Society. 

Boston, Massachuseds. Wednesday, September 1. — A stated meeting was held 
at the Society's ILjuse, IS Soiner-et Street, this afternoon at three o'clock, the pre- 
sident, the Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, in the chair. In the absence of the recoiding 
secretary, George H. Allen was chosen secretary /;ro tern. 

The president announced the death of the historiographer, the Rev. Samuel Cut- 
ler, and appointed the Rev. Drs. Dorus Clarke and'Tliomius R. Lambert, and Wil- 
liam B. Trask a corj.iuittee to prepare resolutions of respect to his memory. 

A nominating cijmmittee for If^-iO-Sl was chosen, viz., the Rev. Incre.ise N. Tar- 
box. D.D.. the Rev. Henrv A. Uazen, the lion. Nathaniel F. Safford, C. Carleton 
Coffin and Elljiidge U. G'.'s^. 

_ William Lawton, of New Rochelle, N. Y., a retired New York merchant, eighty- 
Bix years old, gave &jme interesting reminiscences of that city in the early part of 
this century. 

GeorLTo II. Allan read a paper oq "Col. John Crane of the Massachusetts Ar- 
tillery." 



ra 



92 Societies and their Proceedings. [Jan. 

The president nest introdnoed tlie Rev. Chnrlcs Ro;rers, LL.D., secretary of the 
Royal Historical Sxiety of Great Britain, then on a visit to this country, ■who made 
some remarks upon the fraternal relations between his own country and the United 
States. 

The president, in the name of the society, thanked Dr. Ro.2;ers for his eloquent 
address and iiis Z'-»yi wishes, and on his retiring' to fill an enga<;ement elsewhere, the 
members honored hiai by rising as he left the hall. 

Thanks were voted to'Messrs. Lawton and Allan, and Dr. Rogers. 

John Ward Dean, the librarian, reported 153 volumes and 300 pamphlets, as do- 
nations since the last meeting. 

William C. Bates, historiographer pro tern., reported memorial sketches of six 
deceased members, namely. Edmund B. OTallaghan. M.D., LL.D. of New Y'ork, 
Rev. Samuel Cutler of Boston. Rev. Daniel Lancaster of New York, Nathanitl C. 
Nash, Simeon P. Adams, and Strong B. Thompson of Boston. 

The lion. Thomas C. Amory. cliairman of the committee on heraldry, made a re- 

rt on tiie question whether" Gov. John Leverett was knighted by Charles IL, as 
as been assumed by some modern writers. 

The president announced that the society had been invited by the city authorities 
to take part in the procession in honor of Boston's 250th anniversary on the 17th 
of this month.* 

October 6. — A quarterly meeting was held this afternoon, president Wilder in 
the chair. 

William W. Wheildon made some remarks upon the approaching centenary of 
the constitution of Massachusetts on the 25th of this month. He thought, though 
it was too late to celebrate so important an event in a suitable manner, the day 
should not be sutft-rel to pass without some observance. The matter was referred 
to the board of directors with full powers. 

The Rev. Increase N. Tarb..x, D D.. chairman of the nominating committee, re- 
ported the names of John Ward Dean. A.M., Rev. Lucius R. Paige, D.D., Key. 
Edmund F. Slatter. A.M.. Jeremiah Colburn. A.M., William B. Trask, Henry F. 
Waters, A.B., and Henry H. £des, as a committee on publication for the ensuing 
year, and they were unanimously elected. 

William A. Mo^vry, A.M., of Providence, R.L, read a paper on " Our Posses- 
sions in Oregon; How we Secured them and how we Retained them." 

Remarks on the subject and the paper followed from C. Carleton Coffin, Hon. 
Stephen M. Allen an<i President Wilder, after which thanks were voted to Mr. 
Mo wry. 

The librarian reported 23 volumes and 69 pamphlets as donations. 

The Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, the corre-ponding secretary, reported letters accept- 
ing the membership to which they had been elected, from Alexander Brown, of 
Norwood, Va., as corresponding; and Alonzo B. Wentworth, of Dedham, R. A. 
Ballou of Boston, J. C. Kittredge of Tewksbury, and Charles A. Rogers of Boston, 
as resident members. 

William C. Bates, historiographer pro /£?«., reported memorial sketches of three 
deceased members, namely, the Rev. John Waddinston, D.D., of London, Fng., 
the Hon. Aaron C. Mayhew of Milford, and Richard W. Sears of Boston. 

* The 2o0th anniversary of the settlement of Boston occurred on the 17th of September, 
1880. The sor-icty hivin:: b -en invited to take part in the rt;Tcmonie=, joined the proces-ion 
in fourteen carriages, the fir.-t i.»f whi'-h w.is theunrii^eof Gov. Eustis, in which Gen. Lafay- 
ette entered Boston in l^iJl. The follov.in^ members occupied the'^c carriages, naraelv. Hon. 
Marshall P. Wilder, prp-;d-iit ; Hon-. George C. Richardson, Isratd Washlmrn and .L-cph B. 
Walker, vicc-pre-t'.~ ; Mr. ^Vil;i;lm H. Moi.taL'ue, the la-t survivorrifthi- founders of tlif soci- 
ety ; Uon.Natlu'.niei F. "^ '.If.ird and Mes.-rs. .Jeremiah Colburn, William B. Tra.-k and John 
Ward Dean, coniiiKtr.-f; of arranuemt-nts ; Mr. I^oac Child, Hon. Edward .S Mo-elev, Mr. 
Aaron D. Weld, Col. Hor.rv Smith, Hon. Francis B. Hayes. Rev. Artemas B. Mii/.zcy, Mr. 
J. Henry Stickney, Hon. .'■tr-shon M. -Alien, Hon. Geor;;c L. Davis, Hon. Geor'-'C Cogs- 
well, Mi-. Geori^e'Craf'. Mr. Illbri-L-e Wason, Mr. f:d\vard P. Burnham, Hon. Eouin H. 
Bugbee, Hon. .Janes W. Ciirk, H>ri. Om- Ciapn, Hon. Cvi-.is Woodman, Hon. .J.imes W. 
Austin. Mr. Gcoi-'e K. Clarke. Hon. Cliarles L. Flint, Mr. Daniel T. V. Hutitoon, Hon. 
Samuel B. Novcs Mr. A;fied H. H rsov, Mr. John W. Letlierbee, Mr. Horatio N. Peiklns, 
Mr. Eiifha Clarke Leonard. Edw^ird t. Emman, M.D., Mr. D.r.id Pul-ifer, William H. 
Page.M.D., Mr. John T. Moultcn, Mr. C. Granville Wav, Mr. Oliver B. tSrebbins Mr. Eb- 
enezcr C. MiUiken, Mr. Edward Kus.sell, Rev. Jo-hua P. Bodtish, and Capt. Pieree W. 
Penhallow. The occnpaiits of the Lafayette carriage were, Mr. Benjamin G. Smith, 
marshal, Mr. William E. Baker, the owner" of the carriage, and his son Master Walter F. 
Baker. 



1881.] Societies and their Proceedings. - ' ^- 93 

Monday, October 05. — A special meeting to commemorate the centenary of the 
constitution Avas held at tlie Suciety't: House, at three u'ciuok this al'teiuoun, it 
being one hundred years tiiis day pince the organization of the government of Mas- 
sachusetts under the constitution of 1780. President Wilder presided. In the al)- 
sence of the recording secretary, George II. Allan was chosen secretary pro tern. 

The president made ?o\nQ introductory remarks, and read a letter from the Hon. 
Kobert C. Winthr.ip. president of the Massachusetts Historical Society, expre-sing 
regret at his inability to be present ; also a note from His Excellency John D. L )ng. 
governor of the Coiuuionwealth. who had intended to be present, but was prevented 
by a ])rolonged executive session. 

Historical papers, suitable to the occasion, were read by AVilliam W. Wheilden, 
of Concord, and t!ie Hon. Ihomas C. Amory and the Hon. Nathaniel F. Saflbrd, of 
Jjoston, for which thanks were voted. 

Remarks were made by the Hon. G. Washington Warren, David Pulsifer and 
George H. Allan. 

Wednesday, November 3.— A monthly meeting was held this afternoon. President 
"Wilder in the chair. 

The i)resident announced the death of Simeon P. Adams, Esq., a life member, 
who left a legacy to the society, and appointed the lion. G. "Washington Warren, 
the Hon. James W. Austin and George T. Littletield a committee to prepare reso- 
lutions of respect to his mem.jry. 

The Rev. Dorus Clarke. D.D., chairman of the committee appointed for the pur- 
pose, reported resolutions on thedeatli of the Rev. Samuel Cutler, historiographer 
of the society, in which the principal events in his life were recited ; and regret was 
expressed at the loss of a sincere friend, a wise counsellor and a faithful oiHcer. 
Alter remarks by William C. Bates. Dr. William M. Cornell and the president, 
the resolutions were unanituously adopted. 

Charles Carleton Collin then read a paper on " The History of the Northwest and 
its Future Relations to Boston.'* 

Remarks were made bv several members, after which thanks were voted to Mr. 
Coffm. 

The librarian reported 12 volumes and 28 pamphlets as donations. 

The historiographer /^ro (e/n. reported memorial sketches of six deceased members, 
namely, the Hon. Feleg Sprague,'LL.D., Ttiomas C. Smith, the Rev. Frederic A. 
Whitney, the Hon. WiiUam^B. Spooner and the Hon. John T. Clark, of Boston ; 
and Joseph Leeds, of Philadelphia. 

December 1. — A stated meetinir was held this afternoon. President Wilder being 
absent, the Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, A.M., was chosen president jjro lem. 

David G. llaskins, Jr., read a paper on " The LTnited States and the Indians." 
Remarks followed from several gentlemen, and thanks were voted to Mr. Haskius. 

The librarian reported 19 volumes and 15S pamphlets as donations. 

Rhode-Island Historical Societt. 

ProvidenC'j, Tuesday, October 5, 1880. — A quarterly meeting was held this eve- 
ning, at 7.45 o'clock, at the Cabinet in Waterman Street, the president, the Hua. 
Zuchariah Allen, LL.I)., in the chair. 

Tlie Rev. Edwin M. Stone, the librarian, reported the donations since the last 
quarterly meetini:, and gave a retru'^pect of his connection with the .society as libra- 
rian, to which office he was elected January, 1851, nearly thirty years ago. He thus 
concludes his report : 

" And now, Mr. President, with duties of a domestic and personal nature de- 
manding in future a large portion of my time, I now, with no common emotion, 
luUil a jjurpose long since formed, and respectfully resign my office as librarian of 
the Rhode Island Historical Society." 

At tlie Conclusion of the reading of the paper, the following resolutions, drawn 
up by Prof. J. Lewis Diman, were unanimously passed : 

" Whereas, the Rev. Edwin M. Stone has tendered his resignation of the ofTice 
of Librarian and Cabinet Keeper of the Rhode Lsland Ui.storical Society, held by 
him for tiie past thirty years, 

R':.^olrfd~'£ha.t in acceiuing the resignation of the Rev. Mr. Stone, the Historical 
Society desires to express its .sense of the zeal shown by him during this long period 
in promoting the interests of the Society, and that the thanks of the Society be ten- 
dered to him." 

VOL. XXXV. 9 



94 I^ecroJogu of Historic, Genealogical Society. [Jan. 

Sidney S. Rider, in behalf of the library committee, made an exhaustive report 
upon the imnruvi'ment recently introduced. Rules for the regulation of the library 
"Were then adopted. 

Tuesday, Oct. 19.— A meeting was held thi.-^ evening. President Allen in the chair. 
The attendance, bjth of ladies and gentlemen, was nnu.sually large. 

Sidney S. Rider read a defence of two PJiode Island writers (Rev. James D. 
Knowles and Prof Wiiliam Cammell) against a charije of falsiiication ; after 
■which he presented, by the aid of tlie sceroupticon, photographs of a variety of his- 
toric relics. Thanks were voted to Mr. Rider. 

Thursday, Nov. 4. — A meeting was held this evening, President Allen in tie 
chair. 

William A. Mowry, A.M., read a paper on " Our Possessions in Oregon : IIow 
"We Secured them, and Ilow we Retained them." 

Remarks on the subject follmved from the Hon. Amos C. Rarstow and President 
Allen. Thanks were voted to Mr. Mowry. 

Tuesday, Xov. IG.— A meeting was held this evening, President Allen in the 
cbair. 

Stephen B. Miller, of Hudson, X. Y.. read a paper on " Hudson and Providence." 
The former place was settled by Providence people abi)ut a century ago. Remarks 
followed by Charles E. Carpenter, Prof. John \V. P. Jeneks, Hon. Amos Perry and 
Col. Nicholas Van Slyck, and thanks were voted to Mr. Miller. 

Thursday, Dec. 2. — A meeting was held this evening, President Allen in the 
chair. 

Col. John AVard, of New York city, read a paper on " Rhode Island's Statea- 
men at the period of the Stamp Act and during the Early Sessions of the Continen- 
tal Congress." 

Remarks followed from the president, Prof. Gammell, Prof. Diman and the Hon. 
Amos Perry, and thanks were voted to Col. Ward. 



NECROLOGY OF THE XEW-EXGLAXD HISTORIC, 
GEXEALOGICAL SOCIETY. 

Prepared by "William C. Bates, Esq., Historiographer /;ro letn. of the Society. 

The historiographer pro tern, would inform the society, that the memo- 
rial sketches which are prepared for the Registek are necessarily brief 
in consequence of the limited space which can be appropriated. All 
the facts, however, he is able to gather, are retained in the Archives of the 
Society, and will aid iu more extended memoirs for which the '■ Towne 
Memorial Fund " is provided. The first volume, prepared under the 
direction of a committee appointed for the purpose, has just been issued. 

The Hon. Aaron Claflix Mathew, of Milford, Mass-, a life member and benefac- 
tor, died there, Sept. 20, 1680, aged 68 years. 

Mr. ]Mayhe\v was born at Hopkinton, Mass., July 22, 1812, the son of John and 
Nancy (Freeland) Mayhew. He was educated at the common .schools of Hopkinton 
and Framingham, and attended one term at the Framinghain Academy. At the 
age of seventeen he went to learn the tanning and currier trade with the IL.n. Lee 
Claflin, of Milford. In 1835 he engaged with Mr. David S. Godfrey iu the manu- 
facture of leather and boots and shoes, the tirm being Godfrey & Mayhew. On the 
death of Mr. Godfrey the firm became in \H7)?j A. C Mayhew & Co. 

Mr. Mayhew was successful in business and acquired a competency. He married, 
April 23, 1834, Olivia Lorin^ Sumner, and had — 1. Sarah Elnaheth, born July 20, 
1835 ; 2. John Sumner, born Feb. 11, 1843. Roth of them, with the widoiv of Mr. 
Mayhew, survive. 

Mr. Mayhew was a man of untiring industry and energy, and was deeply inter- 
ested in public affairs. He was a prominent Republican, and had been a member 



1881.] JSFecroIogy of Historic, Genealogical Society, 



95 



of the State Central and District Committees. For two years, 1P59-G0. he^was a 
memher of the Governor's Council ^vith Gov. Banks), and in ISTJ and 1570 was 
a member of the State Senate. lie wa? twice a member of the house of representa- 
tives. For manj' years he was president of the Mutual Fire Insurance Company; 
vice-president of the Milford Savings Eanli. Froui IS34 he was president of the 
Milford National Banlc. 
He was admitted to meml>ersbip Dec. 31, 1S73. 

Nathaxiel CrsniNG Naso. Es.^.. of Arlin^t.m. Mass., a life member and bene- 
factor, died af Arlington. August 31. 15?0, ai^^ed 76 years. 

lie was born at Scituate, Mas-s., April 6. 1601. a s.m uf John and Deborah (Cush- 
ing) Xasli. lie attended the comm'in school of his native town : came at an early 
age to B ,iston and entered the store of the late Joshua Scars. For many years he 
was eniraged in the wholesale grocery business: and uf late years was largely in- 
terested in the importation of sugar and molasses, and in the Revere Sugar Ketine- 
ry, the firm name being Nash, "Spau!din<r & Co.; but for several years preceding 
hi? death lie did not taiie an active part in business. 

lie acquired a large property daring his Vms, business career, and was noted as 
one of the solid busuiess men' of B >srjn. His education had been mainly that of 
afi'airs ; and he brought to bear up m the quesrinns uf the day n.jt only a sound 
business judgment, but a far-seein,' mind which lo -ked to results bt-yond the pre- 
sent. His interest in puljlie atfairs' led him to considerable activity in promoting 
movements likely to enhance ti:e public we'fare. He was an early advocate of the 
levelling or removing of Furi Hill, B jst >n. and was among the first to recognize the 
need of better buildings for business purp )Ses. He was earnestly in favor of the 
opening of the Boston Public Library on Sundays, and was an active opponent of 
monopolies, among which he clas-cd the supjjly of g-as in cities. Mr Nasii was aa 
opponent of slavery and an ad!;erent of tl;e re[iubiilMn party from its oriranization. 
He sympathized with the theoL)gi.?-al views of t!;e late Rev. Theodore Parker, being 
what is'called a liberal. pro_'r<.ssive man. lie was firm in his ..pinions and out- 
spuken in their expression, securing ti.e respect of those who differeilfrom him by 
his evident sincerity, and by the aoility with which he advocated his own views. 
AVhile hardly, in the general sen~e, a public speaker, be could well express Lis con- 
victions and enforce them by the logic of facts. 

Mr. Nash was called to public service in the Common Council of the city of Bostoa 
in 1-56. in the Board of Aldermen from 1664 to 1567, and to the state legislature in 
1858, 1?G8 and 1669. 

He married. May 31, 1649. Lucy Turner Bria:gs, who deceased April 14. 1SG2. 
One tjn survives, Xalhanid Cushinrj yas/. , born April 4, 1662, who entered Har- 
vard College, 1860. 

Mr. Nash left a large property and made several public bequests. The later years 
of Mr. Niish were spent at Arlington, Mass., wiiere he died. 

His membership in this Society ls frjia Dec. 31, IS73. 

The Rev. Daniel Lancast.'^r, A.M., of New York city, a corresponding member 
since Nuv. 10, 1646, died at New York, May -26. 16-^0, aged 63. 

He was born at Acworth, N. 11., Nov. 30, I7!j6. the son of Ebenezer and Elizabeth 
(Davidson) Lancaster, and was ::raduated at Dartmouth College in 16-21, and at 
Andover Theological Seminary l-?-J4. He was ordained pastor of the Fust Conirre- 
gational Churcirat Giimanton, Sept. 21, 1625, and was dismissed July 25, 1632. 
After supplying from Au^iust, ls32, he was installed pastor of the Centre Church 
in that town, and Continued there till Jan. 26. 1-^52. During this time Mr. Lan- 
caster gained a wide influence in tlie den niiination to which he belon::ed. He 
was for twelve years secretary of the State Bible S -ciety, and nine j-ears scribe of 
the DeerCeld Con>^re--ationarAs>jciation ; he was many years a tru-tee of the New 
Hampshire Missionary .Societv and uf tlie Gilmant .n Acad.-my. For three years 
he was Chai-lain uf the State Insane Asylum, and fur one .session was chaplain of 
the 1. :ri<!ature. In 11^45 tie pubii-hed a'Hist Ty of Gil.manton. N. II. 

A(:-i- leaving New ll.imiiviire ..<; w.t- a<-:ioL^ pa-t .r at Mi'ldletown, N. Y., from 
1655 to l?5'.J. Alter tiiC latter date i.e re-id.-d in Nt;w Yijrk city. 

lie was cliiefly instrumental in the formation uf the Dartmouth College Alumni 
Ass(jciation ot New York, and was the last surviving member uf his clas.s. 

Mr. Lancaster was twice married : Aui: 29. 16-27. to Annie £. Lvmist, daughter 
of John Lemist, of Dorchester ; and second to Eliza G. Greely, daughter of Daniel 
Greely, E.sq., of Foxcrofc, Me,, Feb. 14, 1631, 



96 



Xccrology of Historic, Genealogical Socieiij. [Jan. 



KicnARD AViLLARD SiURS, Esq., a resident member, died suddenly on the mornin- 
Oi oept. 15, lb:rO. =" 

He was born at Boston, Nov. 22, 1835. and was the son of Eben Sears, formerly 
a yell known bai -ler of this city, by his wife Eliza, daughter of iSamuel and Eliza- 
Detli (Warden) CrtQse. 

fie was seventh in direct linca-e from Richard' Sears the Pilcrrim, who came over 
wit.iuie last sixty of John R,)binson-s congregation from Levden. and landed at 
I; ymoutn May 6, 1630, throu-h Paul.= Capt. J,,hn.' Willard."' WWl^xd,' and 
Tj V He was descended also from Guv. Prince, Eider William Brewster, J^hn 
tiowJand and ottier fathers of the (Jld Colony. 

Early k-tt an orphan, he was placed bv'his uncle and guardian, Mr. Willard 
bears, atsehnolat luisthampt..n, and afterwards at l'hillip< Acadcmv, Exeter X H 
On completing his educati.m in lh54. he sailed for the West Indies as sunercarcrj 
in the barque " Alired Hill,- beloi-Mu:: tr, the firm of lini, Sears i Co.. of wnich 
his hruther was a memher. it beins her tlrst voyage. At Matanzas he was brou'^lit 
to death s door by a vioient attack ot yellow lever, from which he barely recovered, 

n m1? f"""'^"'! '"!• \';l ''^ ''■' covipaanon du voyage, Henry Mead, son of Samuel 
U. Mead, formerly ot Belmont. 

Soon alur his return home, he was offered a position in the Bankin,' House of 

cooioaugh cV- brojs>. Burlington. Iowa, but alter one or two years service he left 

them to become a partner with nis hrotiier in the firm of E. & R. W. Sears, ship- 

■ P'"='"^|7-^"\%^'' tl''-c'ty. Since the decline of this business, consequent upon 

t; fn ti '"i'- , ■>• ^"'" ''?' "^''''''"' ''■" ^-""^ntion to mining interests, 'in connec- 
tion with which he recently spent a year in Colorado. 

i-or several years he had been a great sufferer from inflammatory rheumatism, 
and once pa.-ed a year in Europe in hopes of -rettin- relief at some of t!ie mineral 
springs. During ti,ela.t two y^ars his health had b. en verv precarious, and he 
was asvaie that l:e was liaMe to a fatal attack at any time. The evening bef -re his 
deati tic spent at h:-; brother's house, sufil-ring extremely from pain in his left 
hand and wrist, which were excessively swollen, and was obli:red to leave at an 
early hour tor his room at the Parker House, retirinir about 8 P..M., thou-l, the 
waiter was in attenuance upon him till nt-ar 2, A.M. ^lu the morning his brother 
S<, n w?th w"l '""'.•• ""^ f- -^"PPy-^d' ^I'-^i^^ly sleeping, and was abou^t to leave the 
ro<nn VNithoutdi.turbin- him, when upon a closer examination he found that he 
vas dead, from his pc-rlectly natural position and placid expression it was evident 
fie liad passed away without a struirirle. 

V;ni'"i.?^w"'''/r' f "", '^■'■-\'..'"""y- yt-nial disposition, always thoughtful for othera, 
wbo n w tlr % fu- , ■^"'•'^"7^"^'^^ b'^'ife he attached to himself hosts of friends, - 
wtionov deeply ft-el his loss. He vas never married. 

F Vr,v n i \"r^'"T-/V'*-.^'i''" -^•?'- s^'-^'^^-'^ "'"1. and also two sisters, Mrs. Emma 
±i. May and Mrs. Adt-laide L. Uilman. of Newton. 

^ oH n^'"''"" '''?'' i"«"J^>erof K,,vere Ljdge. St. Andrew's R. A. Chapter, St. Ber- 

Cliibs et^'"''° ^'^'' ^*'''*^^^^2n Consistory 32°, the Athenian, Apollo, and Artists' 

His member.=hip in this sx^iety dates from March 31, 1877. S. P. Mat. 

EBtN-EZER TniscoTT Farrlngto.v, Esq., of Jamaica Plain. Boston, Mass., a life 
membcrand benefactor, died at that pla^e, Aug. 0, L-60, a-ed 75 
^•m.dKun M^;°. D.^''iri'u4 ^''"^ (^re^cott) Earri^ton,' and was born at 
the finn n7 P-u'ri^rf-'^u-'' ^'^^^'^" ^^ ^he early age of fifteen, and was employed by 
r,l.n\u t^ y i '^'Jn'an. wholesale grocers. Ua the death of Mr. Wood- 

f/: Ji ; ' "■''■' ^';*'^'",^'' a partner in the new firm of Levi Bartlett Si Co.. and 
this 1 elation was continued for nearly forty years, till 1^H4, when it was termi- 
rat.d by tue death of Mr. Bartlett. Mr. Farrington continued in the same busi- 
Hr^ek Sf t-'r''\- "'^''" '^'' *^"" "''^'"".^^ Farrin:cton, Tozier & Hall, and beca.ue 

n/riVhfn ^ """"• ""P'^'-f?^"^" «"'! refining of suirar, an outgrowth of their 

rh.-t!!ll ^vaT!? d"^^ Standard Sugar Refinery, of which Mr. Far- 

lie married in I--Jo Eliza Delano, of Kingston, Ma.^s., who deceased January 

'm p ^-'"C bon, tnarles K. survives. ^ 

},i™ .;?.'""'"" i"^'""''' ^'-^l'^ f^"'^''*' ^^^^■'^ '• ^« ^^•'^- ^'O^^ever. held in high esteem by 
his associates, and w=ls a director in the Hank of Commerce tor twenty-three years. 
*or more than fifty years he was identified with a siniMe busines.s interest of B",<ton, 
and as a con^equence was widely known and respected for his steadfast, even-goin^ 



1881.] N'ecrology of Historic, Genealogical Society. 97 

The Rev. Ephraim Abbot, A. M., corresponding member, died at Wcstford, 
Mass., July 21, 1870. aged i'O. 

A tketcli of the Rev. .Mr. Abbot's life was printed in the Register, vol. xxvii. 
p. 88 ; and he is noticed in vol. xxviii. ib^t. In both places it is correctly stated 
that he was born in N'wcnstle, Maine, and in the latter that he died at VVcstJidd, 
Mass., in August, an error for West ford, Mass., on 1st July. 

The late Rl-v. Nathaniel Bouton, D D., luruished a note which was printed in 
vol. xxlx. p. 321, but accidentally his name was not appended. In it Dr. Ronton 
corrects the error in vol. xxviii. as to the place of ^Ir. Abbot's death, and also 
states that he was born in Concord, N. H., and not in NciccastJe, Me. We wrote 
recently to a daughter of the Rev. Mr. Abbotj to ascertain the truth in this matter, 
and the following is an extract from her letter : 

" I answer the question about the birtliplace of my father. Rev. Ephraim Abbot. 
He was born in Newcastle. We all distinctly remember having repeatedly heard 
him say so, and I copy from written statements now before me. Fruui the Family 
Record" of Benjamin^ Abbot, my father's grandfather [see Aiibot Genealogy, ll3j, 
I transcribe a part of a noteappeiidtd in my lather's handwritinir : 

" Benjamin Abbot and Sarali Brown joined in wedlock, Jan. 2'J, 1778. 

Ephraim, their son, was born in Newcastle. D. Maine, ^ept. 28, 1771).* 

Hannah, their daughter, was born in Pownalborough, .March 9, 17S2. Ruth and 
their other children were born in Concord, X. H. Ruth .Morrell, June 27, 17a4,'' etc. 

In tlie family "ecord of Benjamin'* Abbot I find the following : 

'• Epijraim Abbot son of Benjamin .-^bbjc and Sarah His wife was born in New- 
castle in .Massachusetts, the 2^th of September 177'J. Hannah Abbot Dafter of 
Benjamin Abbot and Sarah His Wife Was Birn in Pownalborough in MassaeliD- 
setts, the 9th of ^larch. 1762. Ruth .M')rreli .Abbot Dafter of Benjamin .\bbot and 
iSarah His Wife was born in Concord Xewhampshire tlie i^7th of June 1784," etc. 

From an unfinished autobiography of my father I copy : 

" 1 was born in Newcastle Me. 28th Sep't. 1779. Soon after my birth my Father 
moved to a place which he had bought in what was then called Powualboro', in 

that part of it which is now called -\lney." "In May 1784 my Father 

moved his family to Concord, N. H.," etc. 

The sketch of my father's life in the Register, xxvii. 88, to which you allude, 
seems to have been cliieliy condensed from an article prepared by my brother for 
Harvard Necrology. Ste pp. 10-13, of a pamphlet entitled '• The Necroloay of 
Harvard College, 1?69-1872." As it appears in the Rkgister, this sketch contain* 
one or two unimportant errors, which I will notice. First, it states tliat in 1811-12. 
Mr. Abbot was a missionary to the Indians in Ivistcrn Maine. It is true that he went 
under the auspices of the " .Society for Propagating the Gospel among Indians and 
others," but the great majority of those to whom iie ministered were white people, 
and we have quite full lists of their names and placts of residence, and also a manu- 
script journal of his life tiiere. He always Congratulated himself that he succeeded 
in distributing a large number of bibles and school books just previous to the last 
war with England, during which the recipients would otherwise have been with- 
out them. 

Second, it states that he was ordained in Greenland the 28th of Oct. 1813. It 
should .say the 27th of Oct. 1813. 

It is not strange that the Rev. Dr. Bouton made the mistake in his statement in 
the Register, xxix. 321, as he knew that in Concord were the homesteads of Ben- 
jamin .-ibbut. Sen. and Jr., that my father's youth was spent there, and that he 
ahv.ivs retained his interest in the town, giving it the same aflection as if it had 
really been the place of iiis nativity. \Vith the exception of t!ie two errors above 
menti<jned, the statements in the biographical sketch in the Register apjjear to be 
Correct. We have just verified them by reference to family records, jijurnals and 
other original documents." 

• George E. H. Abbot, A.M., the writer of the article in the " Nc.ToIojrj- of Harvard 
College," referrea to in the te.Kt, furni.-lies us with tlie foiiowiui: extr.iets hoin the tly leaf 
of a i.oeket e:i-h book ot his tjther. 'i'hey " appe:ir to have l;ecn ha>tiiy jotted down by 
him ;is he received the information from the lips of some older friend some time in the 
si-riiiirof 1811": 

" I was born in Xcw Castle, now New Milford, in the house owned by John Bradstrcet, 

Imllt by James Carr. Jame.i .\yers can tell me concerning the place of iny nativity 

At the head ot the tide on .Slieepscot river a Mrs. Plummer owns the house [probably in. 
Ainu] ia wliieh my father lived before Lis removal to Concord." 
VOL. XXXV. 9* 



9S I^ecrologij of Historic^ Genealogical Society. [Jan. 

Gkorge Frederick Gray, Esq., of Dover, X. 11., a resident member, died March 
6, I860,a,ced 51. 

He was born in Dover, July 23. 1823. His father. Georire Gray, son of Samuel 
Gray, of Salem, Ma(?8.. -was born in that place, Dec. 31, ISOO. His mother, whose 
maiden name was Lydia Jones Barden. was a daughter of Frederick Carden, who 
was superintendent of a nail factory in Dover, from 18-24 to 1828. 

Georije F. Gray received his education at the Franklin Academy in Dover. For 
five years he was local editor of the Dn-er Gaz^ttr^ and wa-J afterwards editor of 
the Dover Pre^f;. From 1^.52 till his deatli he was the Dover correspondent of 
the Boston Herald. In 1S75 he visited Europe, where he spent about a year, and 
wrote very interesting letters to this country, which were published in Dover 
newspapers. 

He married,. Oct. 13. 1875, Mary Ednah Hill, daughter of Nathaniel R. Hill, by 
whom be had three children— 1. George Frederick; 2. Charles Hill ; 3. Ruth Eliz- 
abeth. His wife and two of his children survive. 

He was social and kindhearted ; was a racy, pleasing writer, and had the faculty 
of making his articles readable. 

He was admitted a member June 10, 1S79. 

PkOBERT Mayo, M.D., of Washington, D. C, a corresponding member, was born 
at Fine Creek, in Powhatan County', Va., April 9, 17S4 ; and died in Washington, 
Oct. 20, 1864, aged 80. 

He was the son of Joseph and Martha (Tabb) Mayo, and was educated at Wil- 
liam and Mary College under Bishop Madison's presidency, and at t'le UMive:--ity 
of Pennsylvania, Fiuladelphia, where he graduated with much distinction about 
■the year 1805 or 1S06. For several years after his graduation he re-^iJed at Phila- 
delpliia. He never extensively or sedulously practised his profe<.>ion. yet iew of 
its followers possessed more seience or more of the qualifications to make a success- 
ful and distinguislied physician. His tastes directed him to literary pursuits, and 
his acquirements, talents and labor were chiedy devoted to the compiiaticm of edu- 
cational books, being an ardent devotee of learning trom the rudiinents up to the 
classics. He was the autlior and first projector of a rhyming spelling book. He 
likewise wrote or compiled systems of ruythology and ancient geography for the 
use of seminaries. The following is a list of his publications as far as they have 
come to our knowledge : 

1. Inaugural Thesis on the Sensorium. University of Pennsylvania, 1808. 2. View 
of Ancient Geography and .\ncient History. Philadelphia, 1813. 3. Epitome of 
Ancient Geography, with Maps, fjr the use of Seminaries. Philadelphia, 1814. 
4. New System of Mythology. 4 vols., Philadelphia, 1815-19. 5. Pension Laws 
of the United States, including sundrv resolutions of Congre.-**. from 1776 to 1833. 
"Washinu'ton, 1633. 6. Political Skcfches of Eii;ht Years in Wasliington. Parti. 
8vo. Baltimore, 1839, pp. 210. 7. Synopsis of the Commercial and "Kevenue Sys- 
tem of the United States. Washington, 1317. 8. Treasury Department in its 
various fiscal Bureaus; their Ori;:in. Ur<:anization and Practiml Operations, illus- 
trated. Washington, 1847. 9. [Wuh F. Moulton.] Army anO Navy Pension 
Laws, and Bounty Land Laws of the United States, including sundry resolutions of 
Congress, from 1776 to 1852. 8vo. Washington. 1852. 

Dr. Mayo was a singularly handsome man, tall, well firmed, athletic and of great 
courage. His habits were alwaj-s social, yet he was strictly temperate in all things. 
His tastes were refined, delighting in tae arts, and, thouirh no perf irmer. in music. 
He was a fine Latin scliolar and 'mathematician. He sjjoke and wrote French with 
ease, and was fond of the society of cultivated Frenchmen. 

Abjut the year isi>2 or 23 Dr Mayo returned to Virginia and settled at Rich- 
mond, and when Gen Jackson came to the front as a candidate for the presiilency, 
he started a newspaper called the Jackson RrpuLlican, stronirly and eliiciently advo- 
cating the general's claims. After Jackson's election in 1823, Dr. Mayo removed 
to Washington and held office under that administration. He marrieJ there his 
only wife, Catherine Elizabeth Ilarbaugh, wlio died in Washington Jan. 10. 1847, 
aged forty-four years. Tiiey had two children, Martha who died in infancy, and 
Robert, born Feb. 10, 1810. still living. 

For several years previous to the death of Dr. Mayo he was zealou.sly engaged in 
the preparation of a genealogy of the Mayo Family and its connections. 

He was admitted to membership June 5, 1855. 



18S1.] Booh JS^otices. 99 

Amos Lawrencf, E*q., an honorary member, died in Boston, Mass., Dec. 31, 
1852, iiged GG. Admitted Jan. 8, 1817. Fur memoir and portrait, see Register, 
vol. xxsiv. pp. 9-14. A memoir of him b}' William -M. Cornell. LL.L)., will also 
be fouiui on pai^es 500-504 of the first volume of '' Bi'iixraphio Memorials of the 
New f^ngland Historic, Genealoi^ical Society," just published at the charge of the 
Towne Memorial Fund. 

Tiie Rev. Jon\ Ad.vms Vinton. A.M., a life member, died in "Winchester, Mass., 
Nov. 1:^, 1877, aged 70. Admitted Feb. 3, 1SG3. For memoir and portrait, see 
EtGiSTiiR, ssxiv. pp. 127-31. 



BOOK NOTICES. 

The Ebitok requests persons sending books for notice to state, for the information of 
readers, tiie price of each fjooU, wiih the amount to be added for postage when sent by 
mail. 

Th" Hislory of th". Honourable Artilh.ry Comr>anv. By Cantain G. A. R.vikes, 
F.S.A.. F.S.S., F. R. liis. Sic, Third West York Li-ht Infantry Militia, In.^truc- 
tor of .Mui-keiry Hon. Artillery Company. Corresponding Member of the New Eng- 
land Historic, Geuealogieal Society, Auth )r of '■ Historical Records of the First 
Regituent of Militia." With Ma])S and Illustrations. In Two Volumes. Lon- 
don: Ricliard Rentley & Son, New Burlington Street, Publishers in Ordinary to 
her Majesty the Queen. [8vo. vol. i. 1678, pp. 491 ; vol. ii. pp. 563. J 

Of the numerous institutions organized on the continent of North America in im- 
itation of those which have e.\istid in Europe, the oldest is The Ancient and Hon- 
orable Artillery Company of Massaciiusetts, and an authentic liistory of its parent 
in our father-land, — the Honourable Artillery Company of London, — is consequently 
a valuable addition to every collection of historical ^York3 on either side of the 
Atlantic. 

The Lond.m company was originally chartered by Henry VIII., on the 25th of 
August, 1537, as the Guild of St. George, for *' improvement in the .science of Ar- 
tillery, or Long Bows. Cross Bowi? ami Hand Guns." Its place of rendezvous was 
called the Artillery Garden, and when. — during tlie reign of queen Elizabeth, — the 
Spanish Armuda threatened the de-*truction of Londou, it furnished officers from il3 
ranks for tiie Train Baud« of tlie British metropolis, and of other ports of the king- 
dom. From that time d jwn to the present day, tlie ILmourable Artillery Company 
of Londou has continued to teacli its members the .\rt of War, and has alwa\s. — 
in tniies of danger at home or abroad, — proved a reliable arm of the military service 
of Great Britain. 

When an English coraraercial company planted the Colony of Massachusetts Bay 
on our rock-bound coast, tlie emiu'-rants were well supplied witii armor, arms ani 
ammunition by tiie Board at Lundnn. A prominent member of tiiis Board was 
Capt. Henry Waller, who was at that time thecoiiimander of the Honorable Artillery 
Company, and it is reas)nable to suppose that he encouraged some of the members 
who .--ougiit homes in the new world to form a similar company there. Captain 
Waller died at Londju, wher.- lie was buried on tiie 31.st of October, 1031, and his 
funeral discwurse was [jrcaclied by the Rev. George Hughes. He was style^l "' the 
Worsliiplal Captain Henry Waller, the worthy comm-.inder of the renowned Band of 
the Honourable City oi Lond.m, exercising arms in the Artillery ;" and we learn from 
the discourse that he was mucli esteemed l>oth in public and private life. — that he 
was one of the Common Council of the City, — and that he was about to be pro- 
posed as its representative in Parliament when he died. 

Tiiere was some dis.-ention in tlie Honourable Artillery Company about the 
choice of a success<jr to Capt. Waller, and King Charles I. settled the disj),Ke by 
declaring that thencetiirth the S^vereiirn would name the commander. Tlie second 
capuiin thus appointed was Walter Neale, who had previously resided three years 
in New England, where he had establi-iied a colony on the banks of the river Pis- 
cutaqua, in 1G38 Captain Ncale urged the King to appoint him "marshal" of 



100 Booh Xotices. [Jan. 

Virginia, with the charge of all military affairs in that colony, and he subsequently 
petitioned tliat he might be appointed " Governor of New Enghind.'' 

" The Military Company of the ^Ias?aohu?etts "" was chartered by Gov. Winthrop, 
by order of the General Court, on the 17th of March, 103S. Military or::: mization 
was then the only sjcialdi^tinctiun in tlie infant colony, for while all aokuuwk'dged 
allegiance to God and t j the commonwealth, there were no forms in re!i_'i'n or no- 
bility in the government. The clergy pointed out their narrow read to Heaven, and 
the drill-.-ergfants tauglit men of dauntle?s energy how to use weapons f^r tiieir 
Belf-defence while on eartli. The early confederation of the United Colonies of New 
England, for mutual military self-defence against savage foes and French invaders, 
finally resulted in independence, followed by the establishment of the United States 
of America. 

Capt. Robert Keayne. one of the charter-members of the Military Company of the 
Massachusetts, and its first commander, had been admitted a member of the Hon- 
ourable Artillery Company of London on the 6th of May, 16-23. Another cliar- 
ter-memberof t'ne Massachusetts company, Robert Sedgwick, was — as we are told 
by Jolmson, a contemporary writer — " brought up in London's Artillery (iardtn." 
He subsequently served with distinction in the British army, and died in E;i:.dand, 
having attained the rank of Major General. Several other members of i;:e ^'dassa- 
chusetts and of the Londjn company served in the Parliamentary army organized 
by Oliver Cromwell, and are honorably mentioned in history. 

The British company had its annual •' feast." preceded by a sermon, until 16S5, 
an example winch has "been folhnved by the Massachusetts company to the j'resent 
time, and tlu-re are other points uf resemblance between the two corps. Tlie Brit- 
ish company has refused, with a single escejjtion, to admit honorary members, and 
the only ones ever chosen b}- the Massachusetts company are two distinguished cap- 
tain generals of the British company: Prince Albert in 1857, and his son Prince 
Albert Edward in l-i7S — both having been proposed by Past Commander the Honor- 
able Marshall P. Wilder. 

Captain Raikes (who is the author of several other valua'ile military historical 
works), is Inspector (^f Mu^kctry to the Honourable Artillery Company of London, 
and he has collected, in two handsome volumes, the leading events in its history, 
which are profusely illustrated by portraits of commanders ; pictures of armory build- 
ings, uniforms, flags and weapons; illustrations of the manual exercise ; and maps 
of the company's drill-yards in the city vi L )nd(>n. Unlocking the historical treasures 
of the glorious old company, he has traced its progress through the tierce stru.'gie 
whicli has gradually ciianiced tne unwritten British constitution from the a-pect 
which it Wore in feudal timt^ into that f jrm of rational liberty which it now bears, 
and has made dear Old England as youn'j: in energy, capability and progress as she 
was when the Honourable Aitillery Company of London was sumiuoiud to tiie held 
by queen Elizabeth, — the type of queen Victoria, as well in the truly Englisii com- 
plexion of her character, as in the hold which she possessed over the liearts of the 
Anglo-Saxon race on botii sh<^res of the Atlantic. 

The Britis!) company nuw consists of a tniop of Light Cavalry, a Battery of Field 
Artillery and a Battalion of Infantry. Each member pays an entrance fee of £5, 
and an annual subscrijition of £-J. '2s., and provides his own uniform, the approxi- 
mate c<-st of wliich is : for the cavalry, £29 : tlie artillery, £14, and the inlantry, 
£13. Arms and accoutrements are provided and kept in order by tfie company. 
The drill-yard is six acre~ in extent, and the drill hall is 160 hy 40 leet. There are 
regular drills fir the Infantry on .Monday and TiiuroOay evenings, for tiie Artillery 
on Tuesday evenings, and for the Cavalry on Wednesday evenings. Instruction in 
liencing and in broadsword exercise is given free of charge to tiiose members who 
•wish to receive it. 

It is to be regretted tliat Captain Raikes could not have given us more details 
concerning the per;onai apiie irance, hi-tory and hahits of t!iose who have been 
promin-iiily c.nii'.-i.iei uii;i t:i<.- British company, and have enlivened his accurate 
historical details wiiii gi ip.iic description.-, of the ''feasts"' and " field-<jays." 
But he has nevertheless turni-hed a valuable Contribution to military literature in 
thus chronicling the oldi.-t martial urganiz;\tion in the world. He has also given 
many interesting facts concerning the Massachusetts company, — the oldest martial 
organization on this Continent, although ttiey are clumsily arranged, and fail to 
give an idea of the strength and position of the junior corps, which has outlived 
every institution except tue christian church and tlie public school that was in ex- 
istence in the colony of -Massachusetts Bay when it was chartered. Va\c\\ organi- 
zation forming a link between past and present generations, is Ancient and lion- 



1881.] Book JSTotices. 101 

orable, and the old quotation may well be applied to them : " Fair Mother— Beauti- 
ful Dauiriiter." 

[By Major Beri: Perky Poore, of West Xewhiry.] 

A Rrlation of a Voyarjc to Sar/adahoc. Now first printf-:d from the Original Minu- 
script in the Lamh'tk Palace Library. Edited, with Preface, Notes and Appen- 
dix, by Rev. U. F. De Costa. Cambridire : John Wilson ct Son, University 
Press. 1S80. [Q\o. pp. -13. Private edition, reprinted from the Proceedings of 
the ^lassacliusetts Historical Society for May, ISSO.j 

The fad of the Sagadahoc Colony is as well established as any fact of history. 
The earliest writers un America, the earliest voyagers to the new world, the later 
histories of our country based on the authority ot early MSS. and accepted as trust- 
worthy, acknowledge the existence of the Sagadahoc, or Sir John Pupham colony, 
at t!ie mouth of the Kennebec River in .Maine, in 1607. There is not the sliadow of a 
historic doubt upon this point. But the historical significance of this colony has in 
late years formed the sul)ject of much uunecessarj- and bitter controversy, though, 
as we are glad to acknovrledge, this log of contn)versy is clearing up, leaving us 
to See beneath the clear statements of liistoric truth, upon which all students may 
rest uni form such conclusions as in tlieir own minds the liict.sseem to warrant. The 
general historian has not yet dealt largely with tlie philosophy of the historic signifi- 
cance or value of the Pojdiam colony ; this has beeu left to the special historian and 
historical ess;\yiit. But after guinij carefully over the whole subject, and giving a close 
reading tu all the existing information upon the subject, who will not say the com- 
pact argument of the late Hon. John A. Poor, in his " First Colonization of 
America," is not as worthy of acceptance as the rhetoric of the late Hon. Erastus 
C. Benedict, in his " Beginning of America;" or that the solid, candid explana- 
tion of historic facts by the late Dr. Edward Ballard, the learned and polished and 
gentlemanly secretary of the Maine Historical Society, is not entitled to as much 
weight as the criticisms of Mr. William Frederick Poole. Much has been contrib- 
uted to this controversy, especially that which was occasioned by the actiun or thg 
Maine Historical Society in erecting the Memorial Tablet to Popham in the walls 
of F.nt Pt.pham in \^fr2, that has been of little consequence, and which will be en- 
tirely overlooked by historical students as the years go on ; for even now, after the 
lapse of nearly twenty years, who places any particular value upon half the state- 
ments forming the staple of public discussiju ot that date, and which their writers 
thought so important? The liacts of history remain, and as the years go on their 
historical importance and significance will receive the proper recognition and ac- 
ceptance. We need not fear that when this acceptance is established, any locality, 
or ptrsun, or fact of importance, will be overlooked, or fail to receive its just share 
of merit and distinction. The facts of history cannot be warped in such way that 
the ttstimiiny uf the centuries will not sometime set them right. 

Tlie literature of this .sulyect has received a new contribution in the tract now 
under notice. William Strachey, Gent., of whom but little is known, was Secre- 
tary and Recorder to the Virginia Company of L<jndon,* in America, 1C09. In 1612 
he was in London, and edited a quarto book accompanying Capt. John Smith's 
map of Virginia, at Oxford, in that year. He wrote an account of the early settle- 
ments in Virgiida '" vpon the Island of Ruauoak," at " the expense and charge of 
Sir Walter Raleigh ;" and also " gathered " (so says the title page of the original 
MSS. in the library of the British Museum), a buok "of the Northern Colonic, 
seated ni)on the River of Sachadehoc, Transported Anno 15.85, at the charge of Sir 
John Popliam, Knight, late Lord Cluef Justice of England." This narrative of 
Strachey was published by the ilakluyt Society of London in 1849; in 1852 por- 
tions of it were reprinted in the Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society 
(Series iv. vol. i. p. "il9j, and in 185."5 those chapters of this work relating to the 
Colony of "Sachadehoc," four in number, were re-publi~hed by the Elaine Histo- 
rical S<jciety (Collections, vol. iii. p. 2.-6). It has beeu evident, from a careful 
f>tudy of Strachey '.s report of the *' Northern Colonic," that he derived his iiiform- 
atiuii flora some source whicli he did not credit ; and Mr. De Costa believes that 
the "Rilition of a \'oyu:_^e to Sa^a l^thoc," which he now irives to the public, is 
tiie one from whicii Strachey dn.w his iidormation. This iiianusi.ri]jt was louud by 
Mr. De Copta in the Lambeth Palace Library, London, in the summer of lbT5, and 
he is sati.-5tied that the MS., or at least a tolerable copy of it, passed through Stra- 

* Nciil's Ilistory of the Virginia Company of London, 1869, p. 43. 



102 Booh Xotices. [Jan. 

cliey's hands, and formed the principal source of his knowlcdi^e respecting; tlie Pop- 
ham colony. Its author is believe.! to have been James Davis, one ut" the cnincil 
of the colony. The title of the MS. found by Mr. De Costa, states that it \yas 
found amon^ " y<^ papers of y*^ truly Wor^^^"' S'^'^Ferdinando Gorges K"', by nio Wil- 
liam Gritfith." 

The Relation occupies seventeen pages of Mr. De Costa's very unique paraphlet, 
beginnini,^ -with the tii-st day of June,"iriu7, and ending •2r)th September, to which-- 
is appended, from t!ie Oxford MS., the portion corresponding vvidi the last paires of 
the narrative \vhich forms the conclusion of Straohey's •• Historic, " the la<t ^vords 
of whicli are so familiar to historical students, " And this wasthe end of that north- 
ern colony upon the River Sachadehoc."' The narrative abound.s in curiou-- uetails,_ 
is enriched with copious notes, and contains those quaint outline reprcsi-ntaiions ot 
the various islands and headlands seen along the coast, first given in the Hakluyt 
Society volume. In his preface, which occupies twelve pages, Mr. De Costa gives 
an interesting account of the original MS. of thi.s voyage, h.ow it was discovered 
and copied, the evidences of its autliorship, and reviews at considerable lenuth and 
with great candor and wealth of learning the liistoric significance and cliiim> oi the 
colony of Sagadahoc. A full investigation of the facts shows that the Fopham 
colonists were men of fiiir character, though the majority may not have l^een supe- 
rior to colonists of 1600 in general. Still, the record of Satradahoc is un^taimd, 
and its claims do not conflict with the claims of Plymouth, which have receiverl full 
acknowledgment. It is undisputed that Sa:fadahoc formed an essential prelimin- 
ary to the colonization of New" England, and an essential part of the irrepressible 
British activity abroad, not only in New England but in Virginia ; and so far as 
the historic facts remain, we believe tiie Sagadahoc colonists can never i)e di.'prived 
of the credit due them in laying the foundations of New England. And it is an 
honor to the colonists that on '" Sondaye, beinge the 9th of August; in the morninu:e,"' 
the " hoU company " landed, the cross was erected, and the devoted clergyman. 
Rev. Richard Seymour, delivered a sermon, " gguing God thanks for our happy 
meetinge and sale aryvall into the contry." And is it too much to sav in the words 
of Mr. De Costa : '• A christian priest stepped upon the soil of New England for the 
first time at Monhegan in 1607, an autiiorized minister pronounced the first bless- 
ing, and tlien and there New England was formally consecrated to christian 
civilization." 

Historical students everywhere, whether accepting the full claims of the Sagada- 
hoc colony, as stated by .Mr. De Costa, or not, can but thank him for the great care 
with which he has edited this tract, the richness of the learning and historic ex- 
planations which he has added to tlie text in copious notes, and the broad spirit of 
nistoric unselfishness and desire for accuracy which seems to have prompted every 
expression of opinion, or inference from a fact. 

[By Samuel L. Board/nan, Esq., of Augusta, Me.] 

Memoirs of the Pmlf slant Episcopal Church in the United Slates of America : Con- 
taining—!. A Narrative of the Organization and of the Early Measures oF the 
Church ; 11. Additional Statements and Remarks ; 111. An Appendix of Orig- 
inal Papers. By theRt. Rev. William Wuite, D.D. Edited, with Notes and a 
Sketch of the Oiigiu ami Prngress of the Colonial Church, by the Rev. l>. F. De 
CosT.\. New York : E. P. Dutton & Co. 18S0. [8vo. pp. 474. For sale by A. 
Williams & Co., Boston.] 

The reader takes up this volume with pleasure as he regards the superior typo- 
graphy, the fine paper and the excellently engraved portrait of the veneiable author 
opposite the title page. 

It is hardly necessary to remark upon the judicious manner in which it is edited 
by the learned hi-torian, the Rev. B. F. De Costa, who is known not only for his 
general large historical information, but as one who has studied and publisne 1 val- 
uable contributions relating to t.he annals of the church of which ttiis book is a 
memoir. 

To the churchman and ecclesiastical .scholar this work of Bishop "White has long 
been known, and its accuracy and value appreciated, but it will interest the general 
reader who may be tempted to study this contribution to the reliirious hi-tu'y of 
our country, to know something of its venerable author and his eminent fitness for 
the work. 

The Rev. Dr. William White is known to popular fame chiefly as the chaplain of 
the Continental Congress in 177.'5, also of that assembled at Yorktown at the time of 
the capture of Philadelphia. He ut one time wrote : '" I continued as did a!i of us 



1881.] Booh JSFotlces. "103 

t)prav for the kin^r until Sunday bef:>re the 4th of July, 1776. Within a short 
time ni'ttr I to.ik tho oath of allegiance to the United States, and have -ime remain- 
ed f'aithtul to it. My intentions were npriijht and most seriously weighed.'" 

In the revision of the forms of service of the Church of England, alter the inde- 
pendence of tliis country had been established, and in adapting the united action 
of i^arishes of that communion in convention to the newly existing condition of 
affiirs in the United States, his eminent abilities were most useful. His sound 
judgment united with extensive information, and his intellectual attainments, well 
qualilied him for the task. 

There was a strong popular prejudice against this religious body through 
the country, arising from jealousy of apprehended prelatical and political ten- 
dencies, and active measures were'nsed to pre\ent tlie ardently desired wish of 
its people to perfect their orira'nization by the necessary consecration in England of 
bishops for America. Dr. Seabury, of Connecticut, had been consecrated I'V the 
Scottish non-juring bishops at Aberdeen in 1761, but the desire for continuity with 
the English sL-ccession led the first general convention of this church held in Phila- 
delijiiia", of which Dr. White was unanimLKisly chosen president, to forward a peti- 
tion fhr tiie Consecration of American 'bish.tps through Mr. Adams, the American 
nunister in L)ndon, to the Archbishop of Canterbury. Mr. Adams readily under- 
took the service and assisted its objfec. He wrote several years after, '• There is 
no part of my life on which I look back and reflect nith more satisfaction than the 
part 1 took, bold, daring and hazardous as it was to myself and mine, in the intro- 
duction of episcopacy in America." 

Dr. White was subsequently unanimously elected Bishop in Pennsylvania, em- 
barked for London, and was consecrated at Lambeth Chapel in 1767, being the first 
bishop of tiie strictly English succession consecrated for America. 

lie was not prelatical in its ofiensive sense. The many trusts and offices of dig- 
nity which had fieen placed upjn him by popular and also ecclesiastical favor did 
not alhct the mild urbanity and humility of his character. He believed with quaint 
Fraiui- Quarles's Encluridwn, •• If thou art not worth more than the world can 
make thee, thy Redeemer had a bad pennyworth." 

Calm, dignified, thoroughly informLd,"^esact, he was eminently fitted to prepare 
tlie-^e Memoirs of the Protestant Episcopal Church, and the value of the work will 
not 1)6 likely to I)e overestimated by one studying the general history of ecclesiasti- 
cal movements in the United States. 

The bui>k had become rare and consequently expensive, and the tiianks of the 
public are due to .Messrs. E. P. Dutton & Co. for reproducing it in such excellent 
lorm, and to the Reverend Editor for his labors which add value to it. 

[by J. Uardner U hiie, A.M., of Cambndi/e.] 

An American Edition of the Treatyse of Fysshynge wytk an Angle, from the Bohe of 
St. Albnns, by Dame Juliana Berners, A.D. 1496. Edited by Geo W. Va.v 
SicLEN, of the Xew York Bar. New York : Uranire J udd Company. 1680. [Sq. 
lOmo. pp. 118. Price ;<1. 50.] 

The " Treatyse of Fysshynge wyth an Angle " is not only the very earliest, but 
by far tlie most curious essay upon the subject which has ever appeared in the Eng- 
glish, or perhaps in any other language. Tliere has been some doubt as to the au- 
thorship of this celebrated book, but it has by general consent been attributed to 
Dame Julyans (or Juliana) Berners. Bernese or Barnes, prioress of the nunnery of 
Sopwell, near St. Albans; a lady of noble family, and celebrated for her learning 
and accomplistiments. It was first written in 1480, and fragments of a MS. of the 
treatise are found in one or two private libraries in England. The first edition was 
Empiynted " by Wynkyn de Worde in 1406, and but two or three copies of this 
edition are known to be in existence — one in the library of the Britisii Museum. It 
was originally included in '' Treatyses perteynynge to Ilawkyngc, Iliintynge and 
iy-shinge with an anale " — although an edition was printed by de Worde in a sepa- 
rate itMia. The popularity of the bi;ok, if we may use a ruodern term, is attested 
by the fact that it iiad " run through '" ten editions before the death of (^u»i-n Eli- 
z.il ,rh ; and. for nearlv a hundred Years it was the sole bjok of its kind. L;-jnard 
M. - -.1.1 writing hio •• B;uke of Eishiug witii lIooKe and Line " in l.:OiJ. Walt.yu's 
•' Compleat Angler" did not appear till 16.'j3, and he borrowed many of his prac- 
tical suggestions from Dame Juliana, as an examination of the two books will siiow. 
I'he several rei>rints of the "Treatyse" have been— one by William Pickering, 
Ix)ndon,in 1827, from the types of John Baskerville; one by Thomas White, London, 
in \ii'S2; one by James L. Black, New York, in 1&75, and one by Mr. Elliot Stock, 



104 Booh JSTotices. [Jan. 

London, in ISSO. This last is a very rich edition, in facsimile, reproduced bv pho- 
to<?raphy from the copy of the first edition now in the British Museum, and tdi'ted bv 
Rev. G. !M. Watkins. Tb.e first American edition was edited by -Mr. Geor^^e W. Van 
Siclen, of the New York bar, for whom it was privately printed, and by luui dedicat- 
ed to the members of the Willcwenoc Club, an association of New York l^vcrs of the 
" gentylecryft " whose headquarters are on tlie Beaverkili in Sullivan ci>untv. N. Y. 
It is frum_ the plates of this edition, -wejud^jej tliat the present publishers have issued 
the new impression now under notice, as it is in every respect identical with tliat, 
thou^'h on many accounts we prefer the genuine "Van Siclen edition." nut ni 
the larger Orange Judd edition, the fresh, quaint, charmin<i " Treaty se " is sure 
to find many admirei-s, and the patient, medioival spirit of its four-hundred-year- 
old vvLsdom will charm many a modern disciple of Dame Juliana and de.ir old 
Isaak. 

[By Samuel L. Boardman, Esq. | 

History of the Flag of the United States of America, and of the Xaval and Yacht- 
Club Signals; Seals and Anns, and Principal National Songs of the L'juttd Slatts. 
with a Chronicle of the Symbols, Standards, Banners and flags of Ancint and 
Modern Nations. By Geo. Henry Pueble, Rear-Admiral U.S.N. Second Re- 
vised E'iition. Illustrated with ten Colored' Plates, Two Hundred En^n'avinu^s on 
Wood, xMaps and Autogniphies. Boston : A. AVilliaras & Co. ISSO. [Svo'. pp. 
xzi;-f-815. Price t<7, including postage in the United States or to any Postal 
Union country.] 

Charles Lamb once said that previous to reading Milton he wished to hear a sol- 
emn service of music, that he might be prepared to appreciate the grandeur and 
magnificence of his poems. It would be fitting before following the autlior throu-h 
this Volume, that one should listen to the bomiuj; of cannon from a man-of-u-ar, or 
hear the strains of martial music trom a full band, and so be charged with jiitriot- 
ism, that he might appreciat^j the glory attending his country's Ad<: as here traced 
from its humble beginnings to tne present time when it floats so proudly among tho?e 
of the most favored nations. The author's enthusiasm for his suhjectj the len^^th of 
time given to it, and the untiring industry of research displayed, have broc.'la a 
wealth of material to his command that must make the book a fountain to draw 
from, as well as authority to look up to, fur any future writer on this interesting 
theme. 

It is none too soon cither to have some one gather up and record, as is here done, 
the facts and incidents concerning our flag during the late war against tise union. 
The_ truth in regard to causes and conduct of svar between widely separated nations 
is difficult to discover and unfold, but to unravel the gnarled skein in a fratracidal 
strife of such magnitude, where disloyalty to the country's flag was within our own 
borders, is doubly so. This Admiral Preble, with a clear insight into the state of 
mind then prevailing, endeavors to do, and has succeeded in" presenting; a trust- 
worthy and succinct history of the flag during that eventful period. One cannot 
read it, even at this distant day, without trembling for the fate of the stars and 
stripes. Trailed in the dust as it was by rebel hands, all such indi;:nity and humili- 
ation only served to endear it tlie more to loyal hearts. It had |ierf jrce to he struck 
toite enemies, but never with dislionor. In truth it emerged from the conflict with 
added lustre. One very significant illustration of this is the reference by Admiral 
Preble to tlie lines by Campbell, the poet of Hope ; 

" Your standard's constellation types 
White freedom b}' its stars ; 
But what's the meaning of your stripes, — 
They mean your negro's scars." 

This taunt, at the time it was given, did have its stini, notwithstanding' the reply 
by Hon. George Lunt, admirable as that was. Bandying wnmg against wrong did 
not, however, lessen the sting in either case. It was only after our own nation had 
wrestled with the wrong and oVercome it, that it could proudly point to its standard 
with the stain removed. 

Another important jjart of the text of the book is the chronicle of t!ie Svnibols, 
Flags, ic, of ancient and modern nations. The dust of many an old, fjrgotten 
tome must have been disturbed in gathering this mass of curious information. " Here 
we find matter and incidents relating to the Cross, Crescent, ELrypti'T' Standards, 
EaHes of tlie Romans, Batniers of the Knights, Masonic Emblems, Lilies of France, 
andfa long catalogue beside, too numerous to mention. It is to be feared thcfccheme 



1881.] Booh JSTotices. 105 

of this part of the work is too comprehensive, and that the general reader will pass 
it by in order to come directly to tlie main object of the book. As might have been 
expected from the author's outlouk. the nav}' comes in for a fair portion of iiis pages. 
The beginnings of our Xaviil Org-anization are given with great detail. It is inter- 
esting to note what a wide scope was taken in giving names to the tirst five vessels 
purchased in 1775. '' Tiie first was named Alfred, in honor of the founder of 
the greatest navy tliat ever existed ; the second, Columbus, after the discoverer 
of this quarter of the globe ; the third, Cabot, tor tiie discoverer of the northern 
part of this contineiit ; the fourth, Andrea Doria, in honor of the great Genoese 
admiral ; and tlie fifth, Providence, the name of the town where she was pur- 
chased, and the residence of Hopkins who was appointed the first captain."' 

To ti;e Alfred is claimed the high honor of being the first to wear "' the flag of 
America." She was reported as mounting twenty 9-pounders ; and, that one may 
see what have been the changes in naval warfare within a hundied years, Admiral 
Preble states the weigtit of shot thrown from the Alfred's entire battery or both 
broadsides was not equal to the weight of a single shot thrown by one of our mod- 
ern monitors. To one who has sjient so many years under the folds of the dag, and 
who has kept step to the music of the union upon tiie qaarter-dfck so much of that 
time, it is but natural that an acdunt of the songs of our country should go with 
the history of its flag. Consequently 53 pages are added at tiie end, wherein a 
great number of interesting: facts are brought together regarding our patriotic son^s, 
from Hail Columbia to the famous John Brown sang. In respect to the latter, a 
great amount of evidence is given as to its origin, from which it seems conclusive 
that the song originated in the very beginning of the war, at Fort Warren, Boston 
harbor, and wastirst publislied in L'harlestown. Probably no one sjng was ever so 
distinctively a soldier's song as tiii'^. made up as it was line upon line by the s.ildiers 
themselves. It possessi d tne impelling force of the old hero himself, and was the 
rallying song throuirh the long years of that war his daring deeds and heroic death 
did so much to precipitate upon "his countrymen. 

There are other features in this valuable book that demand notice, as the most cas- 
ual reader of even thetitlr'-page will observe, but lack of space forbids touching upon 
them. It is to be hoped the bj »k will find its way into many homes of our land, to 
diffuse its patriotic sjjirit, and that the joy of loyalty and devotion to our national 
flag in the future shall en use it to be held in that lion')r and respect described by 
Admiral Preble as accorded in the Russian navy to its nation's col.jrs. 

The ensign is lowered with great formality at sunset. The officers are assembled 
on the quarter-deck, with the hand in position, and the crew in their places ; as the 
flag begins to descend the national air is pla3'eii, and the officers and crew stand un- 
covered before the emblem of the nation's sovereignty. It is hoisted with similar 
ceremonies. 

\_By Abram E. Cutter, Esq., Charlestown, Boston, Mass.] 

Proceedinr^s of the Tivo Hundred aid Fiftieth Anniversari/ of the Gathering in Eng- 
land, Departure for America and Final Sett/e/nent in New England, of tlie First 
Church and Parish of Dnrdie-ner, Mass., cninadent xoith the Settlement of the 
Town. Observed March 2S and June 17, 1S>0. B )Ston : Geo. H. Ellis, Pub- 
lisher, 101 -Milk Street. 1880. [8vo. pp. 176. Price 75 cents in cloth, or 50 
cents in paper.] 

The two services of the first parish in Dorche~ter, commemorative — as stated in 
the title-page of the book before us — of the gathering of the church, its departure 
from England, and its plantm^r on these shores, were admirably conducted, as a 
reference to the printed pages will show. The Kev. Mr. Barrows, in the first of his 
sermons, entitled, " The Gene-is and Exodus of the first Church at Dorchester," in 
a learned, lucid and satisfactory manner trauL-s the incipiency-, progress and ulti- 
mate development of Puritan princijjles, and their effects upon the lives and char- 
acters of our fathers, permeating t.heir thoughts and feelings, making true noblemen, 
fit for the stirring duties and conJicts of their day and generation. There was a 
gradation of steps, it may be said, from John Wyclitie the reformer, to John 
\Vhite the " patriarch of Dorchester." They might be considered relatively as 
the cause and sequence of principles and ideas that resulted in the formation of the 
Dorchester church, which was organized in Plymouth, England, and came over a 
distinct, embodied church, Whetiier the portion of the church that left for Wind- 
sor, Conn., in 1030, under Warhain, the junior pastor, or the other portion who 
remained with the senior pastor, Maverick, in their midsr, should be entitled to the 
appellation of the First} the original church, the fact remains, as Mr, Barrows 
VOL. XXXV, 10 



106 Booh JS'oiices. [Jan. 

has well said, " that both the church at Windsor and that at Dorchester directly 
owe their origin to the little band tliat iiathered in Plymouth, En<:land, in 16.10." 
The afternoon serviees of that day consi.^ted of a welcome by the pa<;ti'r. siny;ing 
from the version of t^ternhold and Hopkins, words and tunes used by our Ihtliers 
two iuindred and tifty years ai:o, with other tunes and words of more modern com- 
position. Addresses'were made by. or letters received from, ministers rejiresenta- 
tivcs of churches in Plvmouth, Salem, Boston, Watertown, Roxbury, the second 
church in Dorchester and the church in Milton. At the second celebration. June 
ITth, the subject of tlie sermon by the Rev. Mr. Barrows was, " The vine planted 
in the wilderness."' It was ^substantially a history of the church, interspersed with 
notes of some contemporaneous events which occurred in various countries of th ; 
world, the religious epochs of the church, the growth and developnient of the coun- 
try, and various other topics flowing letntimately out of tlie sulijeet before him. 
Interesting addres'^es were made in the afternoon by Uov. Long, Prof. William Kv- 
erett, Edward Everett Hale, the Hon. Marshall P. Wilder. Dr. Geortre E. Ellis, 
the Rev. Mr. Wilson, of Windsor, Conn., and others. The Appendix contains let- 
ters received from distiniruished personages, among them Gen. Giant, the Hon. 
Robert C. Winthrop, the'llon. Josiah Quincy, the lion. E. W. Stoughton. 

The following telegram was received that day from the Mayor of Dorchester, Dor- 
eetshire, England : "'" Old Dorchester sends cordial congratulations to New Dor- 
chester upon Its two hundred and fiftieth anniversary, and warmly reciprocates its 
affectionate attachment." 

[By William B. Trash, Esq., of Boston.] 

Fourth Report of the Record Commissioners. 1880. [City Seal.] Boston : Rock- 
well & Churchill, City Printers. 1880. [8vo. pp. v. +33-2. With Index of 
names.] 

This is the fourth report of Messrs. Whitraore and Appleton, the Record Com- 
missioners of the city of Boston. The three previous reports have already been 
noticed in the Kegistkr (xxxi.347; xxxii. 110; xxxiii. 2B4). In these notices we 
have expressed our opini.)n of the value of the work the commissioners are doing. 
The present report contains the first volume of the records of the old town of Dor- 
chester, Mass.. from 163-2 to 1654. 

It is asserted in the History of Dorchester (p. 29), that this record book, " in 
point of time, takes precedence of any town records in Massachusetts." We know 
of no contemporary t jn-n record of earlier date. The Rev. Thaddeus Mason Harris, 
D.D., 1831, wrote a descripti^jn of this book, which was printed in a pamplilet of 
four pages, now very rare, under the title, ''Some Account of the OM B.ukof 
Records'of the Town'of Dorchester." This pamphlet is reprinted by Mr. Trask in 
the Register (sxi. 1G3) in the introduction to his annotated copy of the early por- 
tion of these records (Jan. 21. 1032, to Sept. 2, 1637), which appeared thirteen 
years ago in the Register for April. July and October, 1807, and January, 1863. 
A list of grantees from the original book is printed in this number of the Register, 
page 72. 

We are glad to see prcCxed to this volume the admirable report of Alderman 
O'Brien, chairman of the committee on printing, as it contains sound views on the 
daty of towns to preserve their ancient records, and the best way of printing them. 
We understand that the commissioners have in press two other volumes to be issued 
Boon, namely, a volume of the town records of Roxbury, and the articles of the late 
Mr. Nathaniel I. Bowditch in the Bost'in Evening Transcript, under the signature 
of " Gleaner," upon the history of real estate in iJoston. 

Fifth Register of the Massachusetts Commandery of the Military Order of the Loyal 
Lerjion of the United States, Boston, May, ISbO. Boston : Press of Rockwell & 
Churchill. 1880. [12mo. pp. 46.] 

This order was instituted April 9, 1865, " to cherish the memories and associa- 
tion.s of the war in defence of the unity and indivisibility of the Republic," and 
for kindred objects. The Massachusetts Commandery was organized and instituted 
in March, 1868, and is in a fl )urishing condition. The present pamphlet cimtauis 
ft register of every member of the commandery, living and dead, to May, l«cO, 
•with the date of admission, the original entrance into the service, present address 
of the living, and other particulars. Prefixed is a copy of the constitution and by- 
•lavrfl of the parent order. 



1881.] 



JBooh Notices. 101 



The Lnhe of the Red Cedars: or HV.V It Live? Thirty Years in Lake. A Rccr^rd of 

the First Thirty Years of Baoti<; Labors in the Coitnt>^ of Lake. State of Indiana. 

ByY. N. L. CrowD Point', led.: T. II. Bali, Publisher. iSsO. [l2mo. pp. 

357. "With map.] 

This little voluuie deals in:^inh- with the experience? of a small Baptist colony from 
West Springfield, Massachusetts, who in 1S37 left their old family homrsin that town 
and founded a settlement in Lake, the nurthwcsternmost county of Indiana, and now 
almost under the shadow of the irreat city of Cliieago. The spot ehosen f.r thi:! 
settlement was a lovely one. and the varying fortunes of the settlers, though writ- 
ten in a rambling, disconnected way. are described in an interesting manner. There 
are no accounts of hair-breadth escapes from Indian attacks, no perilous ad- 
ventures or other thrilling incidents peculiar tj early border lil'e in the "N^est, 
but only a simple history of the rise, progre-s and develupment of a western 
township based on New England traditions and New England character. Aside 
from its merit us a narrative of religious progress, the book contains some interest- 
ing family sketches and personal records which are of value to tho-e engaired in 
tracing family lines to which tliese are related. The appendix, which adds ten 
years record to the body of the work (from 1S08 to ISTS) contains, among other in- 
teresting matter, a recrd of Bjpti.-t marriages in Lake County, from March 3, 
1812, to^March 20, 1?S0. The style, as has been already stated, is ramblinir, butis 
varied in an entertaining manner by personal anecdotes and incidents. The prin- 
ci[)al defect of the work is the lack of an index, which in all books pertaining to 
family history is necessary and dtsirable. 

[By Oliver B. SteUtns, Esq., of Boston.] 

Pcir-e's Colonial Lists. Civil, Military and Professional Lists of Plymouth and 
Rhode Island Colonies. Cvrnprisina Colonial. Coxinty and Town Ojfutrs. Cler- 
gymen, Physicians and Lawyers. With Extracts from Colonial Laws defining 
their Duties. 16JI— ITuO. Bv Ebf.nezer W. P£irce Bjston : A. Wil- 
liams & Co., 263 Washington Street : David Clapp .t Son, 564 Washington Street. 
1881. [Svo. pp. 15G. Price ^2. including post ige.] 

Of this book it may truly be said that it supplies a want tliat has long been felt. 
Whitmore's *' Massachusetts Civil List," the only book resemiilinir this, contains 
the colonial officers of Plymouth colony, but di.es not give the military and town 
officers and tlie professional men. A list of the officers and prolet-sional men irr 
Rhode I-land is here first cJlectcd. The facts gathered up and clearly arranged in 
this book are such as are oitea found the hardest to obtain, and tliose who have 
spent days and weeks in endeavoring to asr ertaiu a single fact in our early history, 
will be thankful to (Jen. Peirce for tiie labor which future investigators into local 
history and genealogy will l^e spared by the use of this book. 

We had no idea that sucii complete lists, as we find in this book, of the " colo- 
nial, county and town officers, clergymen, physicians and lawyers " of the cohmies 
of Plymouth and Rhode Lslarsd Cjuid be gathered to:.'ether. to do tlds muse have 
required much unremittin:; toil, and the perseverance which the compiler lias sliown 
is worthy of all honor. Toe extracts from Col<iniai laws defining the functions of 
officials have been made with judgment, and will be found very useful. 

'• Should the demand for this work,"' we are informed in the preface, '• seem to 
warrant the eft'ort for a further and enlarged pubIic;\tion in the same line, the com- 
piler will probably, ere 1 omr, publish in like form the Civil, Military and Profes- 
sional Lists of Massacliusetts, Connecticut, New Haven and New Hampshire Colo- 
nies, which, with the present work, will constitute complete books of reference to 
all Colonial New England." We trust that sufficient encouragement may be given 
to Gen. Peirce for him to continue tils labors. 

77ie Public Records of the Coloyv/ of Connecticut, from May, 1757, to March, 1762, 
inclusive. Transcribed and Eiited in accordance with a Res dution of the Gene- 
ral Asseinby. [state Seil.] By Charles J. IloADLr, State Librarian. li;irtford : 
Pre.-s of Tiie Case, Lockwjjd A; Brainard C'jmpany. 18-0. [8vo. pp. 662.] 
The eleventh volume of tiie Col ..aial Records of Cjnnecticut, issued last Septem- 
ber, brings the records down to the year 1762. This vcjlume cnntains '" the first 
four hundred and forty-six page^ of the ninth manuscript volume of the Public 
Records of the Colony. Neither the Journal of tiie Governor and Council, nor that 
of either branch of the General A.-sembly during the years which tliis volume em- 
braces, are known to be extant."' The ''Answers to Queries from the Board of 



108 Booh Kot'ices. [Jan. 

Trade, 1761--3." printed as an appendix, " from copies procnred at tlie Public Rec- 
ord office in London," show the condition of the colony at that time in regard to 
trade, manufactures, &c. 

Like previous volumes, a full index of subjects and names is given. !Mr. lloadly 
deserves ijreut credit for the superior manner in Avhich he brings out these volumes. 

The Early Records of Groton, Mas.'^achusdfs, lfi7-2— 1707. Edited by Samuel 

A.Green.M.D. Groton : 18S0. [Svo. pp. -201.] 

The town of Groton is fortunate in havins; a son like Dr. Green, who is interested 
in crathering up and preserving every incident in its early history, and rescuing 
from oblivion the memory of its founders, among vrhom we find the nanu; of I!en- 
jamin Garfield, ancestor of Gen. James A. Garfield, prtsident elect of the United 
States. His historical addresses, v,-hich have been noticed in the Register (ssx. 
4.63 ; sssiv. 231), are replt-te with the lore of the past. 

The volume before u.s is a work of marvellous industry, though few who look 
upon its clear tyjie and beautiful paper, will prohably suspect it. Those, how- 
ever, who have seen the tattered pages of the original record and pored over its 
perplexing hieroiilyphics, portions of which are gone and others half obliterated, 
to v.'hich fantastic spelling adds other difficulties, can form some idea of the 
amount of labor which Dr. Green has bestowed upon the work. 

Portions of this book, under the titles of •" Early Records of Groton " (xxxiii. 
454), and '' Early Land Grants of Groton '* (xxxiv. 11'2), have been noticed in the 
Register. 

These " records of the town of Groton are the earliest extant, and were probably 
the first made of any meeting held within its limits. They are copied from the only 
book of records kept during the Indian wars, and are now printed in accordance 
■with a vote of th.e town. From the f ict that the bjok was for a while preserved 
rolled up, rt acquired the name of 'The Indian RjU.' It appears to have baen 
lost at one time, hut was subsequently f jund." 

The copying and superintending the printing of this volume is entirely a labor of 
love. 

Wa>;kinr;(on Academy. Hislorical Address of the Hon. James Gibson at the Cen- 

tennhil Celebration, held at Sakin, N. Y.,'on August 23-20, l8eo. [Koj>il 8vo. 

pp. 25.] 

The on? hundredth anniversary of this acadeuiy, ln(?r\te4 at Salein, Washington 
Coantv, N'. Y., was Celebrated last August. The full procetdings are printed in 
tlie Salem Press, Sept. 3 and 10, ISSO. The oration by the Hon. James Gibson is 
reprinted from the Press in the i)amphli.'t before us. The town of Salem was set- 
tled between 1704 and 1770 by Scutch Irish. German Palatines and New England 
people. In 1780 there were three hundred families there. In that year a claf-sical 
school was founded, which eleven years later was incorporated as " WasaingCoa 
Academy," whose centenary was observed on the above-named occasion. 

Wr. Gil>son in his address gives an interesting narrative of the settlement of that 
part of New York state, and bioitraphies of the principals of the academy and 
others connected with it, with glances at the state of society and of education there 
atdifTerent periods. The author of thi- address has prepared a fuU.history of the 
academy, which he will publish if sutlioient encouragement is given. We trust 
that he may be encouraged to do it. 

Suffotk Deeds, Liber I. B -ston : Rockwell & Churchill, City Printers, No. 30 Arch 

St. 1860. [Svo. pp. 827.] 

Tills volume has been printed by order of the Board of .\ldermen of the city of 
Boston, acting as County Commi-sioners. The original, w.^ich has a value to the 
historical student as well as the conveyancer, had become so much dilapidated that 
the most prominent memhers of the Suffolk bar petitioned Feb. 10, 1m79, that tfie 
volume he copied and printed verbatim, wluch has been done. Tlie copy lias heim 
made hy William B. Tra.'.k, E-q., than wiiom no more competent pers .n could be 
found. Mr. Tra.-k has sujj.rintended the printing. lie has also indexed the w..rk 
in a th jrouzh laatmer, toere being five scj^iarate indexes, filling 330 pa^es. John 
T. lla-sam, Esq., to whom the public are more indelfteJ than any other person tbr 
bringing this matter to tiie attention of the members of tiie bar and the hoard of 
aldermen, has rendered valuable assistance on the indexes and in otiier ways 

The volume has been completed at so late a day, that a notice worthy of the 
bo(jk cannot be prepared in season for this number. We hope to do justice to it 
in our April issue. 



1881.] Booh Xot Ices. 109 

The Ef lotion of the Fisheries to the Di-^covery and Settlement of IVorth America. 
JJdivcred hejore the Neai Hampshire Historical Society, at Concord, June, IShO, 
and the Massachusetts Fish and Ga/ne Protection Societij, at Boston, IScO. By 

C'uAKLEs Levi WuoDBURY Boscou : Alfred Mudge i Son, Printeis. 18S0. 

[8vo. pp. '26.] 

Mr. Woodbury is well known as a diligent student of New England history. This 
short essiiy is tiie re^^ult of his studies of some of the early European voyages of 
discovery to these siinres, and particularly tisliing voj'ages. He points out some 
interesting relations between the winter tishenes and settlements not hitherto no- 
ticed, iie also touches upon many points rehiting to the period of discovery and 
colonization, that historical studcnt-s will lind woithy of their consideration. Our 
space will not allow us to indicate fully Mr. Woodbury's interesting views of the 
characters and events of the period upon wliich he writes. We cumiuend this re- 
view to all who desire to see this great subject freshly and vigorously considered. We 
regard it as an earnest of what we may expect from his other historical researches. 
\_By Charles [V. TuUle, A.M., of Boston.] 

The Life of James A. Garfield. By Charles Carlf.ton Coffin (War Correspondent 
" Carleton '■). With a Sketch of the Life of Chester A. Arthur. Illustrated. 
Boston : Jainco II. Earle, Publisher. ly^O. ' [li)mo. pp. 3r>4.] 
This book was written in haste in the early portion of the recent presidential cam- 
paign ; and now that the subject is soon to be raised to the highest giit in Ameri- 
can citizenship, a new interest surrounds it. Though written in haste, it is 
well done. The aptness of 31 r. CoiEn in collating incidents which are ourrounded 
by things exciting interest, is shown in this work. Tiie subject of this biograph}' 
affurds a tine tield for research and writing, which makes the book one of great 
interest. The struggle of the parents, the youth of Garfield, his endeavors to se- 
cure education, his aptness in the class room as teacher, his patriotism and service 
in the war, and the breadth and culture displayed in Congress in dealing with the 
multitudinous questions which arise in the aflairs of state, all of these open to a 
•wide-awake author a richne>s of theme rarely surpassed. 31r. Cutiin has done hi3 
work well ; and in this brief notice we will not mention it as a mere campaign 
book, for it has proven itself more than that already, but speak of it as a foundation- 
on which can be made a standard work among the biographies of those representing 
the best American life. 

\^By the Rev. Aaron Titus, Jr., of Weymouth, Mass.] 

Reminiscences of Dislinyuished Men of Essex County. Communicated by Hon. Na- 
than Crosbv, LL.D. from the Hist. Coll. Essex Inst., vol. xvii. part 2. Salem : 
Printed at the Salem Press. l«.-0. [6vo. pp. 2!).] 

This paper was read before the New England Historic, Genealogical Society, on ther 
7th of April last (Register, xxsiv. 318). It was again read on the 19th of the sanae 
month belore the Essex Institute, and printed in their Collections, from which this 
reprint is made. 

Judge Crosby prefixes to his reminiscences some eloquent remarks upon the pre- 
eminence of Essex County in the history of this commonwealth. " She is," says he, 
" our Mecca and our Antioch ; our national birth-place and our christening." The 
reminiscences relate chietly to three eminent men of about the author's own age, 
viz. : the Hon. Kufus Chuate, the Hon. Caleb Cushing and the Hun. Robert Ran- 
toul, Jr., " born within a lew miles of each other, Choate in 179H, Cushing in 
1800, and Rantoul in IsOo, of parents of about equal condition and position in 
society." Among the other celebrities with whom Judge Crosby was acquainted 
and has given interesting recollections here, are Garrison, the anti-slavery leader, 
Frescott, the historian, Whittier, the poet, Hawthorne, the novelist, Peabody, the 
benevolent banker, and Miss Hannah E. Gould, the poetess. 

Centennial Anniversary of the Independence of the State of Vermont and the Battle 

of Benninylon, Aujust 15 and 10, lb77. Westminster — Hubbardton — Windsor. 

Tuttle& to., Rutland, Official Printers and Stationers to the State of Vermont. 

IST'J. [8vo. pp. 23;*.] 

The services on the two days named in the title of this book were intended to 
commemorate the centenaries of two separate events in the history of Vermont ; the 
first the independence of the state, and the second an important revolutionary bat- 
tie fought on its soil. The true centenary ui the independence of Vermont was- 
VOL. XXXV. 10* 



110 Booh 2^otic€s. [Jan. 

Jan. 17, 1877, tlmt beinf^ one hundred years from Jan. 17, 1777, when a conven- 
tion of the people at Westminster declared Vermont to be " a separate, free and 
independent jurisdiction or state." It was thought best, however, to combine the 
two celebrations. 

The oration on Vermont day was by Daniel Roberts, Esq., of Burlington, and 
that on Bennini^'t m day by the Rev. Samuel C. Bartlctt, D.D., president of Dirt- 
mouth CoUcire. Both are worthy of the occasion that called them forth. S mie of 
the most eminent men in the nation C/ntributed to the interest of the-^e two days, 
and their epeeches and Avritiiii:> are printed with the above-named oration< in tiiia 
volume. The volume al-o cmtains a i:ood account of the Battle of Benningt.>n, by 
the venerable H^n. Hiland Hall. LL.L).. and the proceedings at three local ctlebra- 
tions in IS77, namely, one in Westminster Jan. 15, the centenary of the dfclar .tion 
ol independence by Vermont ; another at Ilubbardton July 7, the centenary of 
the battle ot Ilubbardton; and tlie last at Windsor July 8 and 9, the first day be- 
ing the centenary of the adoption of the constitution of Vermont. Several fine 
engravings on steel embellish the volume. The celebration was a credit to the state, 
and the book is a fitting memorial of it. 

The Writings of Loitis Hennepin, Rf collect Franciscan Missionary. By Rev. Ed- 
ward D. Neill, President of Macalester College. [l&SO. 8vo. pp. 10 ] 
The Rev. Mr. Neill, the author of this paper, which was read 6ept. 6, ISSO, at 
the monthly meeting of the Department of American History, Minnesota Historical 
Society, has done much by original research to elucidate the eariy history of our 
country. Mr. Neill here shows that Hennepin's first book, " The History of L.niis- 
iana," is "a eompilatim from the writings of others with the interjection of es\g- 
gerations." In his " New Discovery " gross falsehoods are pointed out. Tlu' au- 
thorship of this Work has been doubted, but Mr. Neill gives reasons tor believing 
it to be by Hennepin. " Recent doubts," he adds, " can never shear him of his 
reputation as the author of the ' Nouvelle Decouverte,' and nothing has been dis- 
covered to change the verdict of two centuries, that Louis Hennepin, Recollect 
Franciscan, was deficient in christian manhood." 

Catalogue of the Choice and Ei tensive Law and Miscellaneous Library of the late 

Hon. Win. Green, I.L.D.. Comprising nearly 10,000 Volumes To be sold 

by Auction, January 18. ISSI John E. Laughton, Jr., Auctioneer 

Ko. 916 Main Street, Richmond, Va. [Svo. pp. 210.] 

An advertisement of tliis sale, to which we refer our readers for detail--, will be 
found on the cuver of this Register. The catalogue, which was prepared under tfie 
supervision of R. A. Brock, Esq., corresponding secretary and librarian of the Vir- 
ginia Historical Society, and a personal frienil of the late owner, exhibits care and 
lucid arrangement. It is a neatly printed book of 210 pages, and in the department 
of law particularly has special value, as presenting, possibly, a more comf)lete bib- 
liography of the "'tortuous science'" than has yet appeared, as the library con- 
tains many volumes which are said by those well informed, and whose dictum is 
authority, not to exist elsewhere. The late owner was a profound bibliopole as well 
as lawyer, and it was his uniform habit to annotate his books, which are thus well 
freighted with the wealtfi of hi« untiring investigations. Many of them are attrac- 
tive also by reason ot pa-t ass jciations, containing as they do memorials of distin- 
guished ownership in England and America, autographs, book-plates, MS. notes, &c. 

Census of Seymour. 1830. Price 25 c(s. Published by W. C. Sharpe, Seymour, 

Conn. [12mo. pp. 25.] 

This pamphlet contains the names of all the residents, male and female, of Sey- 
mour, Conn., June 1. Ir80, as taken by Mr. Henry Bradley, the United Statrs cen- 
sus enumerator for that town, but witiiout the ages and other particulars. It will 
be useful to genealogists. 

The Family of Fuller. Some Royal, Noble, and Gentle Descents of the Kerry 
Branch. Compiled for his Descendants, by James Franklin Fuller, FS.A.. 
[Motto.] (Twenty copies only.) Printed at the Private Press of John Wilson, 
C. E., Urraond Road, Dublin.' 18-0. [F.jlio, 33 leaves unpaged.] 

The Jarvis Family ; or The Descendants of (he First Settlers of the Name in Massa- 
chusetts and Long Island, and those who have more recently Settled in Other Parts 
of the United States and British America. Collected and Compiled by Ceorge A. 
J.^RVis of New York: George Mlrrat Jarvis of Ottawa, Canada; \\'iLL(Aif 
Jartis Wetmoes of ^«ew York ; assisted by Alfred Uarding of Brooklyn, N. Y. 



1881.] Booh Notices. Ill 

Hartford : Press of The Case. Lockwood & Brainard Company. 1879. [8vo. pp. 
Tii. +350+19. With blank Family Keeord, 4 leaves appended.] 
Peirce Genealogy, being the Record of the Posterity of John Pers. an Early Inhabitant 
of Waiertoicn in New England, who came from i\oricich, Norfolk County, Eng- 
land: tvith Notes on the History of othtr Fanulies of Peirce, Pierce, Pearce, etc. 

By Frederick Cluton Pkirce, "Esq Worcester: Prcs^ ot Charles Hamil- 

to"'n, No. SOI Main Street. 1880. [8vo. pp. 278. Price $4.] 
Memoir of Co!. Joshua Fry, sometime Professor in Wi/liayn and Mary College, Vir- 
ginia, and Washington's Senior in Command of Virginia Forces, 1754, etc. etc.; 
with an Autobiography of his son, Rev. Henry Fry, and a Census of their De- 
scendants. By Rev. P. Slaughter, D.D., Author of "History of St. George's 
Parish." " St. Mark's Parish," "Bristol Parish," etc. etc. [18S0. 8vo. pp. 
112.] 
Genealogical Memoirs of John Knox and the Family of Knox. By the Rev. Charles 

Rogers, LL D., HL'^turiograpiier of the Royal Historical Societj; London: 

Printed for the Royal Historical Society. 1879. [8vo. pp. 184. j 
Genealogical Memoirs of the Scottish House of Ch-istie. Compiled from Family 
Papers and the Public Record, by the Rev. Charles Rogers, LL.D Lon- 
don : Printed fur the R jyal Historical Sjciety. 1378. [8vo. pp. 78.] 
Genealogical Memoirs of the Families of Colt and Coults. By the Rev. Chakles 

Rogers, LL.D 'London: Printed for the Royal Historical Society. i!579. 

[8vo. pp. 59.] 
Sharpe Genealogy and Miscellany. By W. C. Sharpe, Author of the " History of 
Seymjur." Record Print, Seymour, Conn., 1«80. f 12mo. pp. 178; with por- 
traits, fac-similes and coat-of-arms. Price $1.50, to be obtained of the author, 
Seymour, Conn.] 
Some Account of ike Clayton Family of Thelwall, co. Chester; afterwards of St. 
Do'fiinick's Abbey, iJuneraile and MaUoio, co. Cork. A Paper nad before the 
Historic Society of Lancashire and Chester, -ith March, 1880. By J. Paul Rt- 
lands, F.S.A.,&c. [Seal.] Liverpool: T. Brakell, Printer, 58 Dale Street. 
1860. rSvo. pp. 20.] 
The Starkie Family of Pennington and Bedford, in the Parish of Leigh, co. Lan- 
caster, Two Papers By J. Pall Rvlands, F.S.A. Leigh, Lancashire: 

1880. (Not Published.) [8vo. pp. 18] 
Contributions to the Genealogy of the Burbank and Burbanck Families in the United 
States. By G. T. Ridlon. Saco, Me. : From the Press of C. P. Pike. 1880. 
[8vo. pp. 56.] 
A Genealogy of the Lit tlehale Family in America from 1633 to 1680. Collated and 

Compiled by F. H. Litileuale, of the Eighth Generation Dallas, Texas : 

Bolk'S & Stevens, Mercantile Job Printers. 1880. [8vo. pp. 10.] 
A Memorial of a Respectable and Respected Family, and especially of Joshua Bick- 
nell. Farmer, Rppresentatice, Senator, Judge and Eminent Christian Citizen: 
^'' The Noblest Roman of them All.''' Boston, Mass. : New England Publishing 
Co., P. inters. 1880. ISvo. pp. 32+xvi.] 
The Towne .Memorial ; Compiled Jrom the New Enyland Historical and Genealogi- 
cal Register. Towne Manuscripts, Public and Family Records, for A. F. Towne, 
Esq., San Francisco. Cal. By IOdwin Hubbard Chicago: Fergus Print- 
ing Company. 1880. [8vo. 114+xvi.] 

We continue this quarter our notices ot genealogical works recently publi.^hed. 
The elegant work un the Fuller family, whose title heads our list, consists of thir- 
ty tables, giving the descent of the auth ;r"s children from " royal, noble or gentle " 
families lor several hundred years. Among their ancestors may be named Charle- 
magne and Alfred the Great. Mr. Fuller has been very successful in tracing these 
descL-nt.s, and has displayed them in a clear manner. 

The Jarvis genealogy is a neatly printt-d work of nearly four hundred page.s, with 
numerous portraits and other illustrations. Among the di.-tinguished persons of 
this name recurded here are — Edward .Jarvis, .M D., the venerable president of the 
Ameriean Statistical Association; William Jarvis, U.S. Consul and charge d'af- 
faires at Lisbon ; the Rt. Rev. Abraham Jarvis, D.D., bishop of Connecticut, and his 
son the Rev. Samuel F. Jarvis, D.D., LL.D. An index would double the value of 
the volume. 

The Pierce genealogy is by the author of the History of Grafton, noticed by iia in 
April last (Register, xxxiv, 220). The book seems to be thoroughly prepared. 



112 Recent Publications. [Jan. 

being precise and full as to names and dates ; and is clearly arranircd. ^Yith p-tod 
indexes. The volume is han(i>:)mely printed, and is ill'.-.strated w\x\\ ntuiuri'iii? 
steel-plate, hcliotype and artitype portraits and views. Among the dit;tiim:ui?hed 
descendants of John Feirce of U'atertown, may he named Gov. John A. Andrew, 
the Hon. E. Kockwood Hoar, the Hon. Geor^'e F. Hoar, Prof. Benjamin i'circe of 
Harvard University, and the Hon. Henry L. i'ierce. 

The Hev. Dr. Slaughter's book contains much interesting local and general histo- 
ry, as well as the biography and genealogy of the Frys. It is well prepared and 
well printed. 

The three volumes of genealogy by the Rev. Dr. Rogers, of London, are like all 
his works, models of hi-;torical and genealogical research. In the first book, the 
genealogy of the famous reformer, John Kno.x. is traced, and his biography fully 
given, the Scottish families to which the other books are devoted, have a historic 
record. 

The author of the Sharpe genealogy published a work in 1ST4 on this name which 
■was noticed in the Rkgister (xxsiii. 2H7). The present work is much enlarged and 
improved. Among those who have aided the author is Miss Thomasin Elizabeth 
Sharpe, of Kensington, England, author of " A Royal Descent and other Pedigrees" 
(Register, xxxi. 349). Englisn genealogy and biography, as well as American, are 
here given. 

Of'tlie two works by Mr. Rylands, the first is a reprint from the " Transactions 
of the Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire," lor the year 1880 ; and the sec- 
ond is a reprint of two Papers contributed to the *' Historical and Gene;ilugical 
Notes " in the Leiyh Chronicle. They are valuable additions to the genealogy of 
the two counties of Lancaster and Chester. 

The Rev. Mr. Ridlon's pamphlet is the first work yet published on the Burbank 
family, and is a valuable " contribution " to its genealogy. 

The Littlehale pamphlet gives descendants of Richard Littlehale, an early settler 
of Rowley. The author, who resides in the state of Texas, deserves much credit for 
compiling so satisfactory an acL'ount of tiie Littleliales under the disadvantage of 
distance from his kindred and the records of his family. 

The Bicknell genealogy gives the ancestry and descendants of Joshua* Bicknell 
(Joshua,* Jt)shua,"' Zachariaii,^ John," Zachary^), with biographical matter. Ap- 
pended is the pamphlet noticed in July last (Register, xxxiv. 231). 

The Towne genealogy is by the author ot the pamphlet noticed last October (Reg- 
ister, xxxiv. 432), but is much enlarged and improved. Tlie manuscript genealogy 
of this family by the late William B. Towne, Esq., to which Mr. Hubbard acknow- 
ledges his indebtedness, ought to be published in full. Mr. Towne spent more or 
less time for nearly half a century in collecting and arranging his materials, some 
of which were ubtained from per.sons now dead, and from records which cannot now 
be found. His work is very lull and quite voluminous. 



RECENT PUBLICATIONS, 

Presented to the Xeio England Historic. Geiiealogical Society, to Dec. 1, 1880. 

Atlas of Barnstable County, Ma^saclmsctt.s. Compiled from recent and actu;il surveys 
and reconls, un ier the direction of the publishers.' Published by George H. Walker & 
Co., 81 .Milk Screet, Boston, M.iss. 1S80. [Folio, pp. 81.] 

Pictorial Hi>tory of Lynn. Lynn, Mass., 1880. Published by the Pboto-Electrotype 
Co., 171 Devonshire St. Boston. James H.Stark, C. A. Wood, Editors. Price 15 ccats. 
[Folio, pp. 24 ] 

Memoircs dc la Societe Historique de Montreal Voyage de Kalm en Ameriqiie. Ana- 
lyse et tr.idiiit par L. W . Marchand, Avocat, GrifRer de la cour d'afipcl, Membi e de la >Soci- 
ete Hiitorique de Montreal, .Meniliie Corresijondant de la Societe des Antiquaire.s dii Nord, 
etc. etc. [Arms.] Montreal: Imprime par T. Berthiaume, Nos. 212 et 214 Rue Notre- 
Dame. 1880. [Royal 8vo. 2 Nos. Septieme Livraisou, pp. 168. Huitieme Livraison, 
pp. 255.] 

The City of Staunton, Aucrustri County, Virgini-i, and the surrounding country ; their 
condition, resources and advanta::i.-s, and the indiiceincm.s tliey otfer to those seeking homes 
or places for biisine-s, inve.-tmeiiis, etc. By Jed. Hotehliiss, Consulting,' luigineer, author 
of the '• State Summary of Virginia," "A Prefatory" and "A Complete Geo;rraphy of 
Virgina," etc. Staur;ton, Va. Spectator Steam Priuting-House. D. E. Strasburg, Book 
and Job Printer. [Imp. 8vo. pp. 48.] 

The Chaiter and By-Laws of .he Tennessee Historical Society, revised Oct. 1878, with a 
list of members. Nashville : Printed for the Society. 1880. [8vo. pp. 24.] 



1881.] 



Heceiit PuhUcationS4 113 



Memorial of the Centennial Celebration of the battle of Paulus Hook, Aiiir. 19th, 1S79; 
With a Iiistorv of the eadv settlement auJ pre^^ent con^lition of Jersey Citv, N. J. Edited 
by Georse H." Farrier. . .'. Jersey City: M. Mullonc, Printer. 1879. [Svo. pp. 182.] 

The First Church in Gloucester. An autlientic historical statement. Showinir also the 
le;;al rclitions of Parishes and Churches. Procter Brothers, Printers, Gloucester. 18S0. 
[8vo. pp. 27.] 

Subjects for Master's Degree in Harvard College. 16-55— 17^1. Translated and arranged 
TCith an introduction and notes by Edward J. Young. [Reprinted from the Proceeilings of 
the Mass. Historical Sotietv, June, ISoO.] Camljridge : John Wilson & Son, University 
Press. ISsO. [Svo. pp. 3S".] 

The City of Butf do and its surroundings, its business facilities and its advantages as a 
place of residence and summer resort. . . . Buffalo ; Published by William Thurston. 
The Courier Company, Printers, 197 Main Street. 1880. [Svo. pp. 4S.] 

A Catalogue of the Otlicers and Students of the University of Virginia. Fifty-sixth 
Session. 1879-80. Richmond : Whittet & Shepperson, Printers, cor. 10th and Main Sts. 
1880. [Svo. pp. 04.] 

Memoirs of George B. Wood, M.D, LL.D. By Henry Hartshorne, A.M., M.D. (Read 
before the Ameiican Philosophical Society, Oct. il, 1880.) [Svo. pp. 35.] 

Tlie two hundred and forty-second Annua' Record of the Ancient and Honorable Artil- 
lery Company of Massachusetts. 1879-80. Sermon In- Rev. Edward Everett Hale, of Boston, 
Mass. Boston : Alfred Mudge & Son, Printers, 34 School St. 1880. [Svo. pp. 117.] 

Necrologj' for 1879-80, Dartmouth College. [Svo. pp. 20.] 

The Fencing of Railroads. A correspondence between William 0. Brown, F>?q., chair- 
man of the board of County Commissioners of the County of Worcester, and Hc^n. A. A. 
Bnrragc. Published by request. Boston : Printed by Warren Richardson, 146 Franklin St. 
and 149 Congress Street. ISbO. [Svo. pp. 39.] 

The Bo-ton Public Latin School, 163-5-1S80. Bv Henry F. Jenks. Illustrated. Cam- 
bridge, Mass. : Published by Motes King. ISSl. '[8vo. pp. 24.] 

Act and Bull, or Fixed Anniversaries. A paper submitted to the Numismatic and Anti- 
quarian SdCiery of Philadelphia, Nov. 4, ISSJ, by Lewis A. Scott, with an apiendix con- 
taining tlie Bull of Gregory XIII. translated, and the body of the Act of Parliament. [Svo. 
pp.24.] 

Biographical Memoranda respecting all who ever were members of the Class of 1832, in 
Yale College. Edited by the Class-Secretary, for private distribution. New Haven i Tut- 
tie, Morciiouse & Taylor, Printers. [ISSO. Folio, pp. 30o-}-.J 

Proceeding's of the U. S. Nav;V. Ir..^ti;ute; the autobingrapliv of Commodore Charleg 
Morris, U.S.N. [Si:al.] Publi-hed by the Institute, Annapolis, Md. [Svo. pp. 219.] 

Harvard University Library Bulletin, No. 16, October 1st, 1880. Vol. II. No. 3. 

Report of the Proceedings of the Society of the Army of West Virginia, at its first three 
niectiuLrs. . . . With Constitution and Bv-Laws of the Society. Cincinnati: Peter Q. 
Thompson, Publisher, 179 Vine St. 1880. [8vo. pp. 56.] 

Memoirof the Hon. John Albion Andrew, LL.D. By Peleg W. Chandler. Reprinted 
from the proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society for April, 1880. Cambridge: 
John Wilson & Son, University Press. 1S80. [Svo. pp. 32.] 

Semi-Ccnteimial Meeting of the Orange Countv Conference, held at Randolph, Vt., with 
the historical discourse by Rev. L. H. Eliot. lS30-18bO. Montpelier, Vt. : Argus and Pat- 
riot Job Printing House. 18S0. [Svo. pp. 28.] 

Christianity and Science, an Address by Rev. John P. Gulliver, at his inauguration as 
Stone Professor of the Relations of Christi.inity to the Secular Sciences, Andover Theo- 
logical Seminary, June 23, 1879, together with a memorial of the founder and the statutes 
of the foundatiim. Andover: Printed by Warren A. Draper. 1880. [Svo. pp.45.] 

The Farewell Sermon delivered bv Rev. Sereno Dwight Gamracll, on Sunday, August 1, 
IS'^O, in Boxford, Mas-., at ttie conclusion of his settlement over the first church and parish 
in that town; also extracts from lesolutions passed by church and parish, and statistics. 
Boxlord : Sidney Perley. 1880. [Svo. pp. 8.j 

Proceedings of the Grand Commanderv of Maine ; and its twenty-ninth annual conclave, 
held at Portland. May J, 1880. Vol. IV.— Part L [Seal.] Portland: Stephen Berry, 
Printer. 1830. [Svo. pp. 108.] 

Proceedings of the Grand Chapter of Maine at its fiflv-fifth annual convocation, held at 
Portland, May 4. 1880. Vol. VI. Part II. [Seal.] "Portland : Stephen Berry, Printer. 
1880. [8vo. pp. 2G8.] 

Procci dings of the Gr.and Lodge of Maine, at its sixty-first annual communication, held 
at Porti.ud, -Mav. ISSO. Vol. X.— Part II. [Seal.] Portland: Stephen Berrv, Printer. 
1880. [Svo. pp. 580 ] 

The Three Yeans' Service of the Thirty-Third Mass. Infantry Regiment, 1862-18G5, and 
the cauipaigns and battles of Chanctdlorsville, Beverley's Ford, Gettysburg, W.aukatchie, 
Chattaiiodg.i, Atlanta, tlie march to tlie sea and thioiigh the Carolinas, in which it took 
part. By Adin B. Underwood, A.M., formerly colonel of the regiment. Brig. Gen. and 



114 Ilecetit Puhlications. [Jan. 

Brevet Maj. Gen. U.S.Y. Boston : A. Williams cSc Co., Publishers, 2S3 W.^sliington Street. 
18S1. [Svo. pp. 299-f .] 

Notes concoininiT the Wiimoanoaj Tribe of Irclians, with some account of a Rock Picture 
on the shore of Mount Hope Bav, in Bristol, R. I., bv Williiun J. Miller. Providence : 
Sidne)- S. Rider. ISSO. [Svo. pp. 148. J 

The General Association of the Conirre.sational Churches of Massachusetts, ISSO; Min- 
utes of the seventy-eighth annual meeting', Salem, June 15-17. with the statistics. Boston ; 
Congregational Publishing Society, Congregational House. lSSl». [Svo. pp. I'Jj.] 

History of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society, 1S29-1S78. [Seal] Bo.-ton : Printed 
for the Society. ISSO. [Svo.pp. o4-5.] 

Exposition du Canada, Montreal, ISSO. Exposition Scolaire de la Province de Quebec. 
Catalogue et li?t officielle des recompenses. Imprimee par J. B. Laplaute, 245 Rue St. 
Jacques, Montreal, 18S0. [Svo. pp. 1.54-68.] 

History of Corinthian Chapter No. 7 of Roval Arch Masons, Belfast. Maine, from 1843 
to 1880. "By Russell G. Dyer, Secretary. Belfast : G. W. Burgess, Printer. 18-0. [Svo. 
pp. 80.] 

The new Public Buildings on Penn Square in the city of Philadelphia; address of Hon- 
Benjamin Harris Brewster, at tlie iayina: of the corner stone, July 4, 1874, with a descrip- 
tion of the buildings, the statistics am"' prosre.-s of the work up to J.muary 1, 18S0. . . . 
Printed for the Commissioners. Philadelphia: 1830. [Svo. pp. 38.] 

Reminiscences of Fuiritive Slave-Law Davs in Boston. By Austin Bearse. Boston: 
Printed bv Warren Richardson, 146 Franklin Street and 149 Congress Street ISSO. [Svo. 
pp.41. 

Report of the ioint select Committee to inquire into the condition of the Election Returns 
of Sept. 8th, 1879, and the expenditure of public moneys under the direction of Governor 
Garcelon and Council, made to the o9th legislature of Maine. AugusUi: Sprague & Son, 
Printers to the State. ISSO. [Svo. pp. 838] 

A Sketch of Obstetrics and Gvnajcologv in America. The annual address delivered be- 
fore the Massachusetts Eclectic Medical Society, June 4, 1880. By Milbrey Green, M.D. 
Boston : Alfred Mudge & Son, Printers, No. 34 School Street. 183). [Svo. pp. 66.] 

18.55— 13S0. A Discourse commemorating the 25th .\nniycrsary of the orsranization of 
the Parish of Grace Church, Newton, Mass., delivered by the Rev. G. W. Shinn, Rector, 
Sunday, Sept. 26, 1880. Boston : Press of D. Clapp & Son. 1880. [Sq. Svo. pp. 2i.] 

History of the Seventh Squadron Rhode Island Cavalry. By a Member, 1SG2. " Old 
Times " Office. Yarmouth, Me. 1879. [Svo. pp. 11.] 

Minutes of the Seventy-First Annual Meeting of the General Association of New Hamp- 
shire, held at Portsmouth, Sept. 14, 15 and 16, 1830. Seventy-Ninth Annu.al 

Report of the New Hampshire Home Missionary Society. Bristol, N. H. Printed by R. 
W. Musgrovc. 18^0. [Svo. pp. 97.] 

The Back Bay District and the Vendome, Boston. By Moses King. 1880. [Svo.pp. 31.] 

Proceeding'; of the Grand Lf)dgc of the most Ancient and Honorable Fraternity of Free 
and Accepted Ma^ms. Quarterlv communication, Sept. 8,1880. Boston: Press of Rock- 
well & Churchill, 39 Arch Street." 1880. [Svo. pp. 101.] 

Visitors' Guide to Salem. Salem, Mass. Henry P. Ives, Publisher, 1880. [Svo. pp. 
54, xxxii ] 

Biographical Memoir of Mrs. Arabella Maclay Widney. [Svo. pp. 23.] 

Catalosus Senatus Academici et eorum qui munera et offlcia gcsserunt quique honoribus 
academicis douati sunt in Uiiiversitate Brunensi, qncc est Proyidenri;e in Repuhlica Insulae 
Rhodien.sis. Pruvidentias: J. A. et R. A. Reid, Typographis, MDCCCLXXX. [Svo. pp. 125.] 

Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society at the semi-annu d meetin? held at 
Boston, April 28,1880. [Seal.] Worcester: Printed by Charles Hamilton, Central Ex- 
change. IS.SO. [Svo. pp. 91.] 

Curiosities of History; Boston, September Seventeenth, 1C30— 16S0. Bv William W. 
Wheildon. Second Edition. Boston : Lee & Shepard, Publishers. 1880. [12mo. pp. 141.] 

Reply to Francis Brinlev on the claims of Hon. John P. Biizelow a.s founder of Boston 
Public Library. Bv Timothy Bigclow. Read before Boston Antiquarian Club, May 11, 
1880. Bo.-ton : Tolman & White, Printers, 383 Washington St. 1880. [Svo. pp. 50. J 

Collections of the Minneso'a Historical Society. VoL III. Part 3. [Seal.] Saint Paul: 
Published by the Society. 1880. [Svo. pp. 162'] 

The Philosophy of History. A valedictory address delivered at the commencement ex- 
ercises of Woiidward wnd Hughes High Schools, Cincinnati, June 18, 1880. By Walter W. 
Spooner. [Svo. pp. 6.] 

Con-titution and Bv-Laws of the Britisli Charitable Society, together with a li~t of mem- 
bers and doiiois. [Seal.] Revised, May. 1880. Boston: Wright & Potter Printing Co., 
No. 18 Post-Office Square. 1880. [12m'o. pp. 26.] 

Fiftv-Ninlh Annual Report of the Board of Direction of the Mercantile Lilirary .\ssocia- 
tion of the City of New York. May, lh79— April. ISoO. Ne^v York : Terwilligcr & Peck, 
Steam Printers and Stationers, No. 83 Eighth Avenue. 1880. [Svo. pp. 39.] 



1881.] Becent Publications. 115 

Catalogue of the Officer? and Students of the University of Alabama. With a statement 
of the courses of instiucrion in the various departments. IS79-S0. [Seal.] Tuscaloosa, 
Ala. ISS'J. [Svo. pp. 3.'. J 

Bulletin of the Boston Public Lihrarv. July. ISSO. Vol. i, No. 7. [Royal Svo. pp. 32.] 
Obituary Record of Alumni oi We^levan University for the academic year ending June 
24, ISSO. ' Issued for the use of the alumni. No. 17 of the printed series. Middletown, 
Conn. ISSO. [Svo. pp. -J-J.] 

The Grand Encamnmcnt and Knights Templ.ars' Triennial Conclave, at Chicago, August 
16, 17, IS and 19, ISSO. containing aVorapiete proizramme of the ceremonies and Festivities 
of the four dav.s' entertainment. to<rether with a History of the Order, chronicles of previ- 
ous conclaves," de=cri;.tion of arches and other decorations, explanations of emblems, etc. 
etc. Bv W. S. Walker and Charles W.Northup. . . . Chicago: Culver, Page, Koyne 
& Co., Printers. 18S0. [Svo. pp 1-S ] 

Report of the Superintendent of the United States Coa^-t Survey, showing the progress of 
the work for the fiscal vear ending with June, 1S76. Washington: Government Printing 
Office. 1S79. [Folio, pp. 4lS-f .] 

Memorial Services of Commemoration Day. held in Canton May 29, ISSO, under the aus- 
pices of Revere Encimpmenr, Po-t 91. Grand Armv of the Republic. Boston: William 
Bense, Printer, 35 Congress S:. ISS). [Svo. pp. ^S.] 

The Threshing-Floor. A Critic crit'cizel, and School R-^form indorsed. Mr. Bates win- 
nowed and passed throu-'h the sieve ; hi- whe.u an I chaif separated ; and the Boston 
School Committee sustained. Reported for the judance of p irent< and tav-payers by their 
sub-committee of One. Bo-ton: Lee &: Shepard, Publishers. ISSO. [Svo. pp. 18.] 

Societv of the Army of the Cumberland, eleventh re-union. Washington City, D. C. 
1879. Published by order of the Societv. Cincinnati : Robert Clarke & Company. ISSO. 
[Svo. pp. .192.] 

Settlers of Aquidneck, and Liberty of Conscience. Read before the Rhode Island His- 
torical Soi ierv, Februarv, ISSO. Bv Henrv E. Turner. M.D. Published bv the Newport 
(R. 1) Historical Publishing Co. ' R. ILTilley, Secretary, 128 Thames St. 1880. [Svo. 
pp. 51.] 

Correspondence connected with the withdrawal of Mr. Theodore Thomas from the Col- 
lege of Music of Cinciuuati. Cincinnati: Press of Robert Clarke & Co. 1S80. [Svo. 
pp. 13.] 

Address at the Unveilin:T of the Monument erected to the memory of Jamf^s Lewis 
Young, delivered in Machpelaii Cemeterv, Mt. Sterling, Kv.. on October 2. 1S79. By Wm. 
C. P. "Breckinridge. Cincinnati: Rooert" Clarke <i Co. 1S79. [Svo. pp. 20.] 

Unveiling of Ward's Equestrian Statue of Mijor General George H. Thomas, Wa-hing- 
ton, November 19, 1S79. Address bv Stanlev Matthews. Cincinnati : Robert Clarke & 
Co. 1879. [Svo. pp. 30.] 

Addr(^-s to Alumni of Kenvon Co'lese, June 23, ISSO. By Stanley Matthews. Cincin- 
nati : Ro;>ert Clarke & Co. iS>0. [Svo. pp. 33.] 
Levvis D. Campbell, of Ohio. A brief Biographical Sketch. [Svo. pp. 8.] 
Report of the Joint Select Committee to inqiiire into the condition of the Election 
Returns of Seotcmber Sth, 1S79. and the Exnenditare of Public Moneys under tjie direc- 
tion of Gov. Garcelon and Coun'il, mt Je to the oJth legi-lature of Maine. [Svo. pp SO-f.] 
Rcgi-tcr of the Commissioneil, Warrant and Volunteer Officers of the Navy of the United 
States, including officers of the marine corps and others, to July 1, ISSO. Washington : 
Government Printing Office. IS5O. [Svo. pp. 79.] 

Report on the Training Systems f.)r the Navy and Mercantile Marine of England, and 
on the naval training syst>;m of France, made to the Bureau of Equipment and Re- 
cruiting U. S. Navv Depirtment. S'-ptemVier, 1879. Bv Lieutenant Commander F. E. 
Chadwick, U. S. Navy. Washington Pnnimg Office. 1880. [Svo. pp. 207.] 

Report on Foreign Svstems of Naval Education. By Professor James Russell Soley, 
U.S.N. Washington: Government Printing Offi'.e. IS^O. [Svo. pp. 3:35.] 

Annual Report Secretary- of the Navy on the operations of the department for the year 
1879. Washington : Government Printing Office. IS^iO. [Svo. pp. 379.] 

First Annual Report of tlie State Board of Health, Lunacy and Charity of Massachu- 
setts, 1879. Sniiplement contaii/irg the rep';rt- and papers on Public Health. Boston : 
Rand, Avery & Co., Printers to the Commonwealth, 117 Franklin St. 18^0. [Svo. pp. 277.] 
Minutes and Reports of the General Conference of the Congregational Churches ia 
Maine, and Maine Missionary .^o-.-icty. 1S8). [Svo. pp. 1.52.] ^ 

An Account of the Commemoration of the 25th anniversary of the Boston Street M. E. 
Church, Lvnn, Mass., M iv 2,', 1873. Lvnn, Mass.: Leach '& Lewis, Printers, Sherry's 
Block, Muhroe Street. ISS). [Svo. pp. 40.] 

Circulars of Information of the Bureau of Education. Nos. 2 and 3, 18S0. ... Wash- 
ington : Government Printing Office. 18S0. [Svo. pp. 96fllO.J 



116 



Deaths. 



[Jan. 



DEATHS. 



Appletox, Mrs. Frances Anne Atkinson, 
wife of the lion. Edward Appleton, at 
Readinij, Mass., FriJ:iy morning:, Ju- 
ly 30, ISSO, acced 63. S!ie was a dau. 
of Tlieodore and a granddaughter of 
William K. Atkinson, of Dover, N.H., 
of ■which place she was a native. She 
was educated at the acaileniy in thac 
town, and in 1842 married Mr. Apple- 
ton, who in lSi4 removed to Reading, 
where she has since resided. 

Her lifo work has been cliicfly in her 
own household, the care of a large fam- 
ily, in tlie frequent absence of Mr. 
Appleton in his professional work, 
devolving up m her In the discharge 
of these duties she found her highest 
pleasure, making her h ime attractive 
alike to her family and friends. Wiiile 
she was eminently social, the life and 
the light of her household, her sym- 
pathies reached out to those around. 
She was thoughtful of the poor, and 
kept in preparation things that she 
miizht bestow for their comfort. Many 
will rise up to call her blessed. 

Mrs. Appletiinwas of one of the most 
prominent pre-revolutionary X. Hamp- 
shire ftmilies, viz., tliat of Col. Theo- 
dore Atkin-^on, councillor, secretary of 
the Province, and at one time owner of 
about one-htth of th.^ .'^tate not previ- 
ously granted or settled. The town of 
Atkinson was a portion of his posses- 
sions, and also the towns of Frances- 
town and Deering, named in honor of 
his 6on"s wife, fmnces Deering \Wnt- 
worth, daughter of Samuel Went- 
worth, of Boston, who was a lady 
of rare beauty and accomplishments. 

By her mother's side she was a de- 
scendant of t!io Harris, Mason and 
Wendell families of this state, her 
grandinother being a sister of the Rev. 
Thaddeus Miison Harris, D.D., of 
Dorchester. 

Mrs. Appleton had a large collection 
of family souvenirs of mjre than or- 
dinary interest and value, some of them 
associated witli historic families and 
dating back to colonial times. She was 
quite a student of genealogy, and col- 
lected many facts concermnir the an- 
cestry of her relatives and fnends. 

CowLES, William Wade, E-q., at Bos- 
ton. Ma=s., Oct. 4, 1880, aged 62. He 
wa.s born at Granby, Mass., May 28, 
1818. lie was lor over tsventy years a 
well known broker in Bo-t'in, where 
he w:'S a prominent member of the 
New Jerusalem church. 



Fl'ller, Hiram, at Paris, France, Nov. 
19, 18-0, aged 66. He was a s n\ of 
Thomas and Sarah Fuller, of Halifax, 
Mass., where he was born Soot. 6, 
1814. His emigrant ancestor was Dr. 
Samuel Fuller, of the Mayfhwer Pil- 
grims. After teaching the public 
sciiool in Plympton one winter, and 
a private school in Plymouth several 
years, Mr. Fuller became the princi- 
pal of (ireen Street Seminary, Piovi- 
dence, R. I., where he had as an as- 
sistant the gifted Margaret Fuller, a 
descendant of Tiiomas Fuller, of Wo- 
burn (Reg. xiii. 357, 363), ni)t known 
to be related to the Pilgrim. He 
was afterwards a bookseller in Provi- 
dence. In 1843 he was associated with 
Nath'l P. Willis and (jeorge P. .Morris 
in pul)lis!iing the New Mirror. The 
Evening Mirror was a later venture 
by the three, but Mr. Fuller subse- 
quently became the proprietor. He 
was a genial, sociable ctjinpanion and a 
writer of considerable talent. His pu- 
pils in Plymouth are said to speak of 
him as an excellent teacher, and hold 
him in aflfeetionate remembrance. 

Some years ago he went abroad, es- 
poused the Confederate cause, and 
established at London The Cnxniopo- 
lite, a weekly newspaper. He was 
afterwards eni^aged in journalism in 
Paris, lie published I'he Groti)n Let- 
ters, N. Y., 1845; Belle Britain, or 
a Tour in Newport, N. Y., I>^j8 : 
Sparks from a Locomotive, N. Y., 
1859 ; North and South, by the White 
Republican, London, 1863. 

Hatden, William, Esq., at Maiden. 
Mass., Oct. R, 19-0, a-ed 84. He was 
born, Nov. 8, 1795. at Richmond, Va., 
but was of New England ancrstry. 
He was descended from the Va^.-als 
of Cambridge (Register, xxv. 44). 
His education was received at the B )s- 
ton public schools, and he has b>.'en 
prominently connected with public 
affairs here in city and state. From 
1821 to 1811 he wis auditor of Bo-ton, 
and was afterwards e<litor of the Boston 
Atlas. He w.is several years a mem- 
ber of the Boston common council, and 
a representative of this city in the 
Ma.s.sachusetts general court. 

Wym.av, Miss Hannah Adams, in Med- 
ford, Mass., Oct. 5, 1880, aged 6-^ yrs. 
7 mos. 16 days. Sho was a duu'hter 
of the late Joseph, Jr , and Elizabeth 
Lyndc (Blanchard) Wyman. 



^ t 



X 



^^, 



KZ ey/i^. 



TIIE 

HISTORICAL AJ\D GENEALOGICAL 
REGISTER. 



APRIL, 1881. 



JOXATIIAX BROWN BRIGHT. 

By the Rev. Thomas Hill, D.D., LL.D., of Portland, Me. 

JOXATIIAX BROWX BRIGHT was born in Waltham, Mas- 
sachusetts, xVpril 23, 1800, and died there, Dec." 17, 1879. 

]Mr. Bright's ^'olume, '' The Brights of Suffolk, Enghind," print- 
ed for private distrilnition in 1858, but accessible to genealogical 
inquirers, closes Avith Henry Bright, Jr., who came to Xew Eng- 
land in 1(330, and settled in AVatertown, ]Mass. Henry Bright, 
Jr., married Anne Goldstone, who came from SuiTolk, England, 
in 1G34. Through her he inherited the homestead of her parents, 
in Watertown, east of and adjoining the estate of the late John P. 
Gushing, and opposite that of the late Alvan Adams. Here Henry 
Bright, Jr., lived and died. 

His son, the first Xathaniel Bright, of Watertown, married 'Mary 
Coolidge, of the same town ; and their son, the second Xathaniel 
Bright, married Ann Bowman, all of Watertown. The homestead 
of the second Xathaniel Bright was about three-fourths of a mile 
west of the Goldstone place, and still remains in the hands of his 
descendants. The old house upon it, taken down in 1877, was said 
to have been built before 1700. 

The third Xathaniel Bright, son of the second, married Sybil 
Stone, of Sudbury, ^lass., a descendant of Gregory Stone. Their 
son John Bright, of Waltham, married Elizabeth Brown, of "\Va- 
tertown, daughter of Capt. Jonathan Brown. This John Bright 
settled, in 1776, in Waltham, where he lived until his death, in his 
87th year, in 1840. His ten children, of whom Jonathan Brown 
Bright was the youngest, were born in the house which stood nearly 
where that stands in which the latter died, on the main highway 
into Waltham, on the eastern bank of Beaver Brook, the estate 
being divided by Grove Street. 

Elizabeth Brown, the mother of Jonathan B. Bright, tvas a 
daughter of Jonathan Brown, of Watertown (captain in the army 

VOL. XXXV. 11 



118 Jonathan Brown Bright. [April, 

at Lake Gcorcfe, 1758) and Esther Mason, of "Watertown, a de- 
ficend;uit of Hugh Mason. Capt. Jonathan lirown was a son of 
Jonathan Brown, of Watertown, and Elizabetli Simonds, of Lex- 
ington. This Jonathan was son of Capt. Abraham Brown, of Wa- 
tertown, and ]Mary Hvde, of Newton. Capt. Abraham Brown 
dropped the final e, which his father Jonathan Browne and grand- 
father Abraham Browne had carried. Abraham Browne had mar- 
ried Lydia , in Enghmd, and settled in AVatertown, Mass. ; and 

his son Jonathan married ]\Iary Shattuck of that town. 

The old Brown estate, an original grant to the first Abraham, 
now reduced in size, is still owned by descendants of the name. 
The main body of the house was built by Capt. xVbraham Brown, 
but a part is still more ancient. It stands on the road from AVater- 
town village to AValtham, a little to the east of the estate once 
owned by Gov. Gore, afterward by Theodore Lyman. 

The items given above may be recapitulated in the following ta- 
ble, giving the pedigree of Jonathan B. Bright, on both the father's 
and the mothers side. 

Henry Bright, Jr. = Anne Goldstone. Abraham Browne = Lydia . 

Nathaniel BriL'^ht == Mary Coolidge. Jonathan Browne =- Mary Shattuck. 

Nathaniel Bright = Ann Bowman. Capt. Abraham Brown = Mary Hyde. 

Nathaniel Bright = Sybil Stone. Jonathan Brown =^ Elizabeth Simonds. 

John Bright = Elizabeth Brown. Capt. Jonathan Brown = Esther Mason. 

Elizabeth Brown = John Bright. 

John Bright, the fiither of Jonathan Brown Bright, was a far- 
mer and a tanner. Only two of the descendants of Henry Bright, 
Jr., are known to have received a college education; Henry, Har- 
vard 1770, and Xathaniel Francis, Harvard 1866. But they have 
been and are, almost without exception, men of good sense, with a 
taste for reading, and of practical sound judgment. Mr. John 
Bright's large family made industry an essential virtue among his 
children ; and his strictly religious character made him a strict disci- 
plinarian to enforce it. At the age of four Jonathan B. was sent 
to the district school ; and during the next ten years was taught to 
read, to write and to cypher, working at home during the long vaca- 
tions. At fourteen he was sent for one quarter to AVestford Acade- 
my ; after which he took lessons for a short time of the Itev. Sam- 
uel Ripley, so long pastor of the first parish, Waltham ; but, having 
no desire for a collegiate education, he resumed labor on the farm 
and in the tan-yard. 

In 1816 he attended, one term only, Framlngham Academy. 
The next year, having no more taste for tanning or farming than 
for study, he went, with an older brother, to New Orleans Ijy sea, 
thence up the river to St. Louis, and became his brother's clerk in 
a storg. Here he ix-iiiained until of age, with the exception of one 
season in a branch store at Franklin, on the Missouri. As soon as 
he was of age he began a retail business for himself in St. Ste- 



1881.] Jonathan Brown BrigJit. 119 

phens, Alabama ; but the next year moved to Selma. During the fol- 
lowing year, 1823, of the seven men of northern birth in that town, 
four died of fever ; and the other three, inchiding Mr. Bright, suliered 
severely with the same disease. This decided him to quit the South. 
In 1824, finding no vessel at Mobile for Boston, he went to Xew 
York and sought employment. ^Making an engagement with Black- 
stock, Merle & Co., cotton brokers, he paid first a brief visit, after 
seven years' absence, to his home ; then returning, spent twenty-five 
years in Xew York, first as clerk, afterwards as partner : the firm 
changing to ]\rerle ci Bright, and then to ]Merle, Bright & Co. 

In 1849 he returned to the homestead on Beaver Brook, then 
occupied by his maiden sister ^lary ; with whom also an unmarried 
brother John resided. Mr. Bright built here a larger house a few 
feet east of the old one ; and he and his only child, with the brother 
and sister, constituted the family. Thirty-two years absence had 
not diminished his attachment to the old place and to the compan- 
ions of his childhowd. They passed away before him, but the thirty 
years of quiet enjoyment which followed his retirement to the place 
of his birth, were made much happier by the prolongation of the 
sister's life nearly to the close of his own. 

In 1827 ]\lr. Bright married Miss Mary Huguenin Garbrance ; 
but his happiness with her was interrupted by her early death in 
1830. Her only child, a daughter, came with her father to A\'ali- 
ham in 1849, and in 18t31 married her cousin William Ellery Bright. 
They with their three children still occu[)y the estate. 

The thirty years, from 1849 to 1879, in Avhich Mr. Bright lived 
free from active business cares, were by no means years of idleness. 
With the exception of a journey in lb59 to Nassau, Havana, Xew 
Orleans and St. Louis ; and a saorter one in 18G0 to Buffalo and 
Quebec ; the occupation of all those years was found in his native 
town, doing private kindnesses and fostering public improvements. 
I remember that one of the earliest impressions I received of him 
was from the chairman of the board of assessors, who told me that 
he had just had a peculiar experience ; ]Mr. Bright had come in, 
after the town had been assessed, and said, "You have not made 
my tax large enough ; add so many thousand dollars to my personal 
.property." It revealed the character of the man ; it was both his 
integrity and his public spirit that made him thus voluntarily assume 
a larger proportion of the public expenses. 

In 1856 he was put on a town committee to select ground for a 
new cemetery ; drew up the report which was accepted, and named 
all the avenues in the new grounds, ^It. Feake, alter ancient AValt- 
ham families ; a token of the strong interest which he then took in 
the matter of genealogy. 

He furnished a good deal of valuable local history and antiqua- 
rian lore to the A\'altham Sentinel and the Waltham Free Press, 
during the years 1856-1863. He was an active promoter and lead- 



120 Jonathan Broii-n Bright, [April, 

er of the Union League of tlie to^vn during the civil war ; and be- 
fore that in the organization of a Farmer's Club, which is still in 
active operation. But the wire-pulling necessary to success in car- 
rying on matters dependent on popular votes Avas so distasteful to a 
man of his pure, simple and manly integrity, that, after 1858, he 
resolutely declined to serve on any committee in town affairs. 

In 18-18, just before retiring from business in Xew York, ]Mr. 
Bright accidentally heard that Dr. Henry Bond, of Philadelphia, 
had a genealogy of the Bright family. Mr. Bright had a great in- 
terest in that matter, although up to that time he had had no leisure 
to examine it. He immediately wrote to Dr. Bond, and the corre- 
spondence was kept up until the latter gentleman's death. Dr. 
Bond proved to have descended, in one line, from Henry Bright, 
Jr., and was also remotely connected with ^Ir. J. B. Bright by 
the marriage of his grandfather to INIr. Bright's aunt. Dr. Bond 
visited ^Ir. Bright at Waltham and spent some weeks there, while 
both were much engaged in collecting genealogical material. Mr. 
Bright afterward employed ]Mr. H. G. Somerby to make researches 
in England: and in 1858 printed his valuable records of "The 
Brights of Suffolk, Eng." 

Since that volume was printed Mr. Bright has collected material 
which would fill three more volumes of the same size, relating to 
the fiimily on this side the Atlantic, and to other families of the 
same name.* 

The descendants of Henry Bright, Jr., have been mostly farmers 
and mechanics, occasionally shopkeepers, none holding other than 
town or parish offices ; but none dishonoring the name. The num- 
ber bearing the name is small, not exceeding, to the year 1850, one 
hundred and fifty ; but the descendants in tiie female line have been 
more numerous. 

By a will dated December 15, 1860, Mr. Bright bequeathed to 
Harvard College fifty thousand dollars, the income of which should 
be equally divided between the purchase of books for the college 
library and the supp(jrt of scholarships to which Brights, lineally 
and legitimately descended from Henry Bright, Jr., shall have pri- 
ority of claim. "I have selected Harvard College,'"' he says, "the 
most ancient and venerated seat of learning in my native state, to 
be the custodian oi this legacy, as an expression of my appreciation 
of its liberal yet conservative character ; trusting that its govern- 
ment will always respect the sincere convictions of the recipients of 
the income thereof." His daughter was made sole executrix, and 
by a codicil her husband was added as co-executor. They have paid 

* Mr. Bri^rlit was ailmitteJ a resident me mLer of the New Enir'and Historic, Genealoji- 
ca! Society, Dec. 11, 18-50, mid ni.-ide liim-olf a life memljer March 20, \>,C/i. He iiiteicKed 
himself much in the society, and was a frequent donor to its lihrary. In 1870 he ^rave five 
hundred dollars to the Building Fund, for purchasing and fitting for the uses of the soci- 
ety the building which it now occupies. — Editou. 



1881.] Censures 07i Harvard College, 1672. 121 

over the full legacy a year in advance of tlie time allov^-ed by law ; 
60 that the college enters at once upon the enjoyment of the income. 

Mr. Bright's phrase " liberal yet conservative character," which 
he applies to the college, might well be employed in describing him- 
self. With an energy of character which in less than thirty years 
lifted him from the humblest commercial beginning to a competence 
that could aiford such a legacy, he combined a genuine shrinking 
modesty whicli obscured his worth from careless eyes. His energy 
led him to join in aiding liljeralizing movements ; his modesty held 
him in reserve and allowed his cool sound judgment to keep him in a 
more'conservative position. Plis independence was maintained by this 
happy self-restraint, which would allow liim to run into neither ex- 
treme of standing by old errors nor of rushing into new ones. Early 
in life he adopted views of the christian religion in substantial agree- 
ment with those of Dr. Chanuing, and he never saw reason to modify 
them in any essential degree. His warmest virtues were kept, as it 
were, cool and in the back ground by this wise and modest caution. 
He gave time, labor and money to many good causes, public and 
private ; and he gave with a kindly, cheerful spirit ; yet so unos- 
tentatiously and so wisely that men's attention was more taken up 
with the results of the action than with the action itself. In private, 
personal kindnesses he exercised a great delicacy ; so that, in some 
cases, the recipient of a needed help received regular periodical dona- 
tions of a fixed sum, and endeavored for some time in vain to know 
from whom, or through what channel, they came : in other cases the 
recipient thought of the gifts as tokens of friendship rather than as 
any pecuniary aid. 

On Sunday he rose from his chair to remove the blower from the 
grate, and froin some unexplained cause fell, and fractured his right 
hip. The shock proved too great for his physical strength, and on 
Wednesday he passed quietly to his rest ; sustained in his last 
days, as during his whole life, by an unfaltering cheerful trust in the 
blessed promises of the Gospel. 



CEXSUEES OX H.VEYARD COLLEGE IN 1672. 

Communicated by William B. Trask, Esq., of Boston. 

THE signers of the following document appear to be all residents 
of Roxbury. There is an uncertainty as to the hand writins^. 
Possibly the document may have been drawn up elsewhere and copies 
eent to this and other towns in the colony, so that there may be 
others extant. The name erased at the top of the left-hand column 
is probably that of Thomas Weld, then an inhabitant of Roxbury,. 
who was a son of the Rev. Thomas Weld. 

VOL. XXXV. 11* 



122 Censures on Harvard College, 1(372. [April, 

The humble Petition of some of the people that Ivve under the Jurisdic- 
tion of the massachusets government, unto our honored Magistrats this o**" 
day of march 1672 

Sheweth 

That Whareas it hath pleased our ever honored Magistrats to send 
their letters to the Churches,* to move us to a liberal contribution towards 
the Colledg. and in one of those leters declared that if any of the good 
people have any obiecsion you give us leave to propose it, and also are 
pleased to promise us, to adde your indeavor to remove the same. AYe take 
the bolduesse to propose an obiecsiou not vrith any intent to shorten either 
our owne or others hands to so good and pius a work, as we trust we shaall 
make it appeare by our actions, but our only scope is, to indevor the remo- 
val of an evyl (as it appereth to us) in the educasiun of youth at the Colludg, 
and that is, that they are brought up in such pride as doth no wayes become 
such as are brought up for the holy service of the lord, either in the Magis- 
tracy, or mmistry especialy. and in perticular in their long haire, which last 
first tooke head, and broke out at the Colledg so far as we understand and 
remember, and now it is got into our pulpets, to the great greife and 
fFeare of many godly hearts in the Country 

-we find in the scriptures that the sons of the prophets, and such as were 
dedicated to god, were brought up in a Tvay of mortitication and humility. 
vre beseech you to consider amos. 2. 11. 12. I raised up of your sons 
to be prophets, and of your young men to be 2sazarites, is it not even 
thus ye children of Israel saith the lord, but ye have given the nazarites 
wine to drink. Consider also pro. 10. 31 the hoary head is a crowne of 
glory if it be found in the way of righteousnesse. and are those haires so 
found, that are defiled with this lust? "we beseech you consider, whether all 
other lusts which have so incorigibly brake in upon our youth, have not 
first sprung from the iucorrigablenesse of this lust, our humble request is 
that you would please to use all due indeavours to cure this evyl. and so 
we commend you to the lord and to the word of his grace and remaine 
your Vmble petecinors att the thron of grac to assest and in able you in all 
your "Waighty consams and remain your "Worships humble 

petitioners 

Thomas fibster: Giles paison 

Abraham Neuell Seaner John Parpoint 

Isaac 2seuell Samuell Kuggles 

Jacob nuell Robbert williams 

Robert Pepper Samvell williams 

abraham how . Edward Bridge 

Samuel mey edward paison 

John wat;on Ritchard goad 

Ralph hemenway John Eliot 

John Bowles 
Danil bruer : 
Samuell gary 
Robert Seauer 
John poley 
Edward morrisf 
[Endorsed] Mr. Eljots &c peticon abt. youth*. 

* Can any reader of the Register send as a copy of this letter of the magiitrates ?— Ed. 
t A fucaimile of thcie autographs will be found on the oppysite page. 



1881.] 



Facsimiles of lioxhitry Signature 



123 







It 



« 



f<M:i 











ft J, If 



124 



Taxes tmder Andros. 



[April, 



TAXES UXDEE GOV. AXDR03. 

[from the JEFFRIES FAMILY PAPERS.] 

No. X. 

[Continued from page 37.] 

Assessments of t* Estates of y^ To-^ke of Roche&t'* ix y^ Kings 



Province Sep' C'^ 1687. 



Cornelius Iliglitman 

John Svveete 

Stephen Nui thtrop Junio' 

Stephen N'Ttiitrop Senio' 

"William Knoules 

Danie [torn] 

John Calleriell 

John Brij_fgs Senio' 

Robert Li.uiah 

Eber Sherman 

Thomas Sowcil 

Peleg Miimfurd 

John Kiiiiiion 

Samuel IJrowne 

James Kinnion 

Henry Northtrop 

John Rf mington Junio' 

James Coirgeshall 

Henry T-.bbits Senio' 

John North 

Joseph Keuokls 

Bryar Browne 

Ephraim Bull 

Rouse Ilehne 

Thomas Mumford 

Ben: ^lorey 

Thomas Chace 

Joseph Northtrop 

Thomas Ilaiiens 

Arthur Aleworth 

Robert II. (torn) d 

Joh (torn) 

Edw (torn) Austin 

Samuel Ih^pkins 

John Cole Juriio'' 

Thomas IJrookes 

Aaron Ickewayes 

Henry Knowles 

Henry Bull 



IPolemonev 
s d ■ 



Kingston, R. I. See Notes and Qneries in this number. 



1881.] 



Taxes under Andros. 



Majo' Eich"^ Smith 
John Andrew 
WilUam Palmer 
Samuel Tift 
Zerubaljell Westcoate 
Henry Gardmer 
Daniel Downeing 
Benonia Gardiner 
Joseph Case 
Enoch Place Juuio' 
John Snook 
Job Jennings 
Geo; Gardiner 
Nicholas Gardiner 
^Fetter "Welles 
*John Sheldon 
Moses Barber 
John Watson 
Job:. Eldred 
Enoch Place Senirf' 
Robert Spink Senio' 
Theoph Weale 
•Thomas Ayres 
George AVhighteman 
Thomas Eldred 
Joseph Doliver 
John Gard 
W" Bently 
Widow Phenix 
W" Tanner 
Francis West Senio"" 
Jacob Pinder <" 
Ben Sweete 
James Greene 
Jeremiah Browne 
James Renolds Janiev' 
Ben Congdoa 
Cap' Fomes 
Lef'. Updick 
M' Brinley 
Edward Greene 
Alex: Tenant 
Jeft': Champlin 
John Cole Seuio* 
Samuel Albrow 
Samuel Eldred Junio' 
W"" Gardiner 
Samuel Vernon 
James Renolds Senio'' 
Francis Renolds 
Daniel Eldred 



Polo money 
s d 
1 

1 
1 
1 
1 
1 

1: 
1 

1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 



125 



10 



— 


8 


8 


4i 


1 


10 


9 


9 


1 


11 


4 


H 


7 


6 


2 


1 


8 


m 


3 


n 


4 


i\ 


14 


3 


3 


3 


6 


— 



7 
2 
9 
9 
2 
1 

10 
9 
4 

3 
2 

2 

1 

3 
1 
1 
2 

17 
G 

16 
2 
2 

13 

10 
8 
3 
8 
1 
6 
1 
1 



1 

8J 

5J 
4 
2 
11 

7 

1 

3i 
9^ 
6| 



1 
9 
9 
3 

2 

7 

\ 

8 

9 

8 

10 

10 
9 

n 



126 



Taxes iinder Andros. 



[April, 



-Samuel Eldred Senio' 
Joseph Bravmau 
George Ilanens 
Daniel Mackeney 
AlexancF King 
James Ray' 
Samuel Wilson 
John Carr 
James Ilighams 
Nicholas Utter 
John Fomes Junio' 
Israel A^ewton 
Thomas "Weathers 
Samuel Sheperd 
Jereraiali Fomes 
Samuel Fomes 
Hen^y Tybitts Junio' 
Francis Battes 
Daniel Whii^htman 
Jeremiah Wilky 
Robert Spink Junio' 
Shebna Spink 
John Spink 
John Briijs Junio' 
James Brigs 
"William Cole 
Joseph Place 
Samuel Sweete 
James Sweete Junio' 
John Nickols 
Henry Hill 
Thomas xMar^haU 
Ezekiell Bull 
Jeremiah Austin 
Stephen Hazard 
Ben Gardiner 
ArchibauM Morris 
Trancis West Junio' 
Rich-^ West 
John Gard Junio' 
Sh (torn) Wilk (torn) 

^tom) 

(torn) 
Hen: Sweet (torn) 
Elisha Mich (torn) 
Francis Cole (torn) 
William Shr (torn) 
John Wil&ou 



Pole money 
s d 



H 



Pole Money 



L s d 








£ 


24 


10 


Gh 


£ 11.8.4 


11 


08 


4 



35 18 lOJ 



1881.] Declaration in hehalf of John CJiipman. 127 

(Signed) 

the mark of Com^ 

Errors Excepted p Jeftry I Champling 

Jo (torn) Cole James I Renolds the S 8 mark of 

Enoch Plas the mark of Samuel Albro^ 

William Gardiner Daniel Vernon, 

Selectmen. 

(Endorsed) 
John Brifjs \ The within Rate being perused 

John Ehiridg I Constables Corrected & perfected by us Comissi'' 

John Watson ) ffor the sundry towns in y*" County. 

John Rodman 
(Signed) Edward Smith 

Peleg Tripp 
James Greene 
Ebenezer Slocum 
John Heath 

eirrn mark 
Jefery I Champlin 
Nathaniel IS'iles. 



DECLARATION IN BEHALF OF JOHN CIIIPMAN* 

A BRIEF Declaration with humble Request (to whom These Presents 
Shall Come) for further Inquiry & Advice in y^ belialf of John Chip- 
man, now of Barnstable in the Goverment of New Plimouth in New 
England In America being f only Son & Heir of W Thomas Chipmau 
Late Deceased at Brinspitille about five miles from Dorchester in Dor- 
setshire in England concerning [some Certain]! Tenement or Tene- 
ments with a Mill & other lulifice thereunto belonging Lying & being in 
Whitechurch of Marshwood vale near Burfortt Alias Breadport in Dor- 
setshire afores"* hertofore worth 40 or 50 Pounds p' Annum which were 
y* Lands of y^ s'* Thomas Chipman being Entailed to him & his Heirs for 
Ever but hath for Sundry years [been] Detained from y^ s"^ John Chipman 
the right & only Proper Heir Tliereunto, By reason of Some kinde of Sale 
made of Inconsideraljle value by the s** Thomas (In the time of his Single 
Estate not then minding marriage) unto his kinsman M"' Christopher Derbe 
Living Sometime in Sturtle near Burfort afors** being as the said John hath 
been Informed but for 40'' And to be maintained Like a man with Diet 
Apparel &c by the s"^ Christopher as Long as the s*^ Thomas Should Live 
whereat y- Lawyer w*^ made the Evidences being troubled at his Weakness 
in taking Such An Inconsiderable Price tendered him to Lend him money 

• This document was printed in the Register for January, I80O (iv. 23-4), from a copy 
made t.y the Rev. Richard Manning Cliipnian, A.M., now of Hyde Park, Mass. Some 
notes upon it by hini api..ear in the number for October, lS-50 (iv. 2.51-2). As Mr. Chipman 
did not have an opportunity to corrL-ct the proof, some important typoj^raphical errors are 
found in tlie document thu're printed. We have borrowed from tlie owner, William Cliurchill 
Chipman, p;sq., of Sandwich, Mass., through tlie intcrveniion of C. C. 1'. W;iterm;in, Esq., 
of tluit town, the document copied by Mr. Chipman, d'nilitlcs«a coiiteriUKjrary transcript 
of one sent to En;zLind, and it has been copied for us by D. P. Corey, E-'i-, of MnIJen, 
Mass., wlio has been assisted in reading the proof In' William B. Tra^k, Esq., of this city. 
Tlie docuineiit is not in tlie handwriting of John Cliipman himself. 

t In the original the wordi above quoted in brackets are in the left hand margin. 

X Breadport stricken out. 



128 Declaration in hehalf of John Cht'pman. [April, 

or to give to him y^ s^ Thomas Seven hundred Pounds for y^ s** Lands But 
yet the matter Issuing as Afors** The Vote of the Country wlio had know- 
ledge of it was that the s"^ Thomas had much wrong in it P^specially After 
it pleased God to Change his Condition, and to give him Children, being 
turned ot^' by the s'^ Christopher only with a poor Cottage and Garden Spott 
instead of his fors'^ 3Iaintainance to the great wrong of his Children Espe- 
cially of his Sou John Afors*^ to whom y* s'^ Lauds by right of Entailment 
did belong lusomuch that m^ William Derbe who had the s'^ Lands in his 
Possession then from his father Christopher Derbe told the s"* John but if 
y* s*^ Lands prospered with him that he would then Consider the s** John to 
do for him in way of recompence for the same when he should be of Capa- 
city in years to make use thereof The s"^ John further Declareth that one 
m' Derbe A Lawyer of Dorchester (he Supposes y* father of that nV Der- 
be now Living In Dorchester) being a friend to the mother of the s*^ John; 
Told her being Acquaind with y^ Business and sorry for the Injury to her 
Heir, that if it pleased God he Liv'd to be of Age he would himself upon 
his own Charge make A Tryal for the recovery of it and in Case he recov- 
erd it Shee Should give him IC Else he would have nothing for his trou- 
ble and Charge. Furthermore John Derbe Late Deceased of Yarmouth 
in New Plimouth Goverment Afors"^ hath Acknowledged here to the s*^ 
John Chipman that his father Christopher had done him much wrong in the 
fors*^ Lands but y^ s** John Chipman being but in a poor and mean outward 
Condition hath hitherto been Afraid to Stir in it as thinking he should 
never get it from y* rich and mighty but being now Stirred up by Some 
friends as Judging it his Duty to make more Effectual Inquiry after it for 
his own Comfort his wife and Children which God hath pleased to bestow 
on him if any thing may be done therin. & in what way it may be attained 
whether without his Coming Over which is mostly Desired if it may bee. 
Because of Exposing his wife <N: Children to Some vStraits in his Absence from 
them, he hath Therfore Desired these as afors'^ Desiring also Some Searh may 
be made for further Light in y' Case into the Records the Conveyance of the 
Said Lands being made as he Judgeth about Threescore years Since as Also 
that Enquiry be made of his Sisters which he Supposeth lived about 
those parts & of whom Else it may be thought meet, and Advice Sent over 
as Afors"^, not El-e at present But hoping that there be Some Left yet in 
England alike Spirited with him in 2'J Job whom the Ear that heareth of 
may bless God for Delivering y* poor that Crieth and him that* liath no 
helper Being Eyes to the blind feet to the Lame A father to the Poor 
Searching out y* Cause which he knoweth not, &c. 

i John Chipman Desires his Love be 

Barnstable as Afores'^ this 8* of presented to his Sisters Ilanner and 
Feb. (51) i Tamson and to hear particulary 

he Desires also Enquiry be made from them if Living and doth fur- 
of his Sisters what those parchment ther request that Enquiry be made 
writeings Concerned in the Custody of m' Oliver Lawrence of Arpittle 
of his mother when he was there. | who was an Intimate friend of his 

I fathers. 

[On the left hand margin is written as follows, viz.] The s"^ John Chip- 
man Supposeth his Age to be About thirty seven years: it being next may 
Twenty & one year since he Come out of England. 

[Endorsed in the same hand writing] — A BriefF Declaration In Behalf of 
Jn'^ Chipman of Barnstable. 
• and htm that stricken out. 



1881.] Fresidejit Wihle7''s Address. 129 



ADDRESS OF THE HON. MARSHALL P. A^^LDER. 

Delivered at the Annual Meeting of the New-En'glaxd Historic, Genealogical 
Society, January 5, 1881. 

Gentlemen of the Society : -' •' 

Eighteen hundred and eighty is gone ! Time with unerring 
finger has engraved on the cycle of ages anotlier year. But, thanks 
to Him with whom time has no beginning nor end, we still live to 
prosecute the noble work in which we are engaged. Thanks also to 
you, my fellow associates, for placing me again at the head of our 
Institution, and for your courtesy, counsel and co-operation, without 
which all my labors would have been in vain. 

The past year, if we except the usual turmoil in the East and the 
disquietude and distress in Ireland, has been remarkable for the 
peace and prosperity of the world. No great wars have drenched 
the earth with blood, and no great revolutions have shaken the 
thrones of monarchies. In our own land, the year has been tiie most 
memorable one in its history, for rapid advancement and general 
prosperity, placing it only tliird on the roll of commercial nations of 
the globe ; and the peaceful election of another President of the 
United States has been everywhere recognized as the precursor of 
still greater growth, weahh and power. 

Most heartil}^ do I rejoice to meet again so many old friends with 
whom I have stood shoulder to shoulder for a long course of years 
in social intercourse and in efforts for the advancement of our 
Society, whose voices are always heard with pleasure, and whose 
presence always adds dignity and encouragement to our work. 

Many who were with us a year ago have passed the bridge of 
life, and wait for us on the other shore. "While we mourn their loss, 
and may find consolation in those promises which are everlasting and 
imperishable, we should remember that our lives are transitory and 
short. All are subject to the Almighty behest that declares "dust 
thou art and unto dust shalt thou return," — we soon pass away like 
ripples on the surface of the water, or a shadow passing over the 
plain. Man rises as the flower in spring time, blooming with bright 
anticipations of ripening years — revelling in the summer-tide of 
favor and honor, when suddenly there comes "a frost, a killing 
frost," and he withers and sinks like the faded leaf to mother earth. 

During the past year, as will be seen by the Historiographer's re- 
port, forty-four members of the Society have died. Of most of 
them appropriate notice has been taken in the record of our pro- 
ceedings. This is a lai-ger number than in any other year since the 
formation of our Society. Their average age is over seventy-one 
years, being about the same as for the last five years. 

VOL. XXXV. 12 



130 President Wilder s Address. [April, 

Among them I m.aj mention : 

Rear Admiral Henry Knox Thacher, of the United States Xavy, 
"in peace a high-toned, loyal and virtuous citizen ; in war, a bold 
seaman, a brave and rrallant officer, and a fearless defender of his 
country's flag — honored in the service to whose highest rank he liad 
so worthily risen." Of his donation to our Society — in whose 
prosperity he always manifested the highest concern — of the invalua- 
ble letters and documents of his grandfather, Gen. Henry Knox, a 
patriot general of our revolutionary army, I have spoken on an- 
other occasion. Their importance and value will be more fully 
treated of in the report of the Rev. ~Sl\-. Slafter, chairman of the 
committee for arranging and binding them, which will be submitted 
at this meeting. 

Joel Munsell, Esq., of Albany, manifested in many ways a deep 
interest in this Society. For three years he was the publisher of 
the New England Historical and Genealogical Register, and for more 
than twenty years was a frequent donor to our library. He performed 
noble service by the publication of his numerous works, which are 
of constantly increasing value to historical students. 

The Hon. Peleg Sprague, LL.D., honored and respected for his 
long public service, having held the office of United States Senator 
six years, and United States District Judge for twenty-five years — 
a gentleman universally respected for his genial disposition, integrity 
of character and judical decisions. He was one of the oldest 
members of our Society. 

The Hon. Richard Frothingham, LL.D., held a high rank among 
American historical writers. His "History of the Siege of Boston," 
"History of Charlestown," "Life of Gen. Joseph Warren," "Rise of 
the Republic," and other works, are models of conscientious research 
and critical acumen. His memory will be held in grateful recollection 
to the latest day of our republic. 

The Rev. Edwin Hubbell Chapin, D.D., "one of the most power- 
ful and effective pulpit orators in America," during a long and use- 
ful life has been a public speaker before numerous literary associa- 
tions, and has exercised a great influence in promoting the cause of 
temperance and other movements of moral reform. He is the 
author of many religious and other works extensively circulated both 
at home and abroad, which have placed him in the front rank of 
public men. 

The Rev. Silas Ketchum, whose Xew Hampshire Biographical 
Dictionary, on which he was engaged for many years, has been un- 
fortunately left unfinished, vv'as a writer of much talent, and of in- 
defatigable perseverance in collecting historical and biographical facts. 
His manuscripts relating to Xew Hampshire biogra})hy, consisting 
of about one thousand articles ready for the press, with materials for 
two thousand more, were bequeathed by him to this Society. We 
ehall endeavor to have this work completed according to his plan, 
and published. 



1881.] President Wilder s Address. 131 

Simeon Pratt Adams, Esq., a sterling and iipriirht citizen, ^vas a 
frequent visitor to the library, and often attended the meetings of the 
Society, in wliose doings he was much interested. He >vas a life- 
long collector of antiquarian matters, and his collection of books ; 
pamphlets, newspapers and documents illustrating Xew England local 
history, he bequeathed, with a legacy in money, to this Society. 

Colonel Leonard Tiiompson, of \Voburn, the oldest member of 
our Society, died on the street, Dec. 2S, 1880, aged 92 years. 
Of himself he states: "I was placed on the board of selectmen, 
assessors and overseers of the poor for several years, and had even 
a seat in the State Legislature. I have held office under the au- 
thority of our Commonwealth and also the United States, and have 
been commissioned by Governors Strong and Brooks as a captain, 
major and lieutenant-colonel in the Massachusetts militia." He also 
served the people of his town in many other important trusts. 

Among those who were with us at our last Annual ^Meeting, were 
the Rev. Samuel Cutler, the Historiographer of this Society, and the 
Rev. George Punchard. Mr. Culler was Historiographer for five 
and a half years, and discharged the duties of his office with ability 
and great fidelity. He was an active co-worker, deeply interested in 
the progress of our work. He took a lively interest in all benevolent 
efiVts, "especially in the Christian faith, of which for thirty years he 
was a faithful minister, a conscientious laborer, a wise counsellor and 
true friend, whose abiding faith in the joys of a better world gave a 
charm and beauty to his life. When I saw him last, he gave me 
this parting benediction, — "If we meet not again in this world, I hope 
we shall walk the streets of the Xew Jerusalem together in the world 
above." 

The Rev. ]\Ir. Punchard was truly a christian man, in whose char- 
acter were combined cheerfulness, sympathy and love. He was active 
in all the benevolent objects of the age — in the pulpit, the school, 
and the editorial chair. The later years of his life were devoted to 
visiting the suffering and sick, and going about doing good. Although 
Buffering from severe trials himself, he was always cheerful and pa- 
tient, never for a moment waverincr in his trust in God and a glorious 
immortality beyond the grave. He was a man of literary taste and 
extensive reading, and was connected with the Boston Traveller for 
many years. His writings were marked with great simplicity and 
force of diction. He was especially attached to the pure Saxon, 
remarking to me once, after the delivery of an address, "Xever, my 
friend, use Latin while you can speak your mother tongue." 

Side by side these gentlemen sat on our last anniversary, promot- 
ing by their presence and wurds the objects of our Society, and we 
fondly hope they are now uniting their voices in the melodious song8 
of the blest. By their gentle deportment, christian character, sym- 
pathy, and earnest prayers for the welfare of their fellow men, they 
won the affections of all who knew them, and we cherish the fond 



134 Fresident Wilder's Address. [April, 

fully am I impressed with the importance of our work, and of its 
benign intiuences on the welfare of mankind, that, if I had the 
means, after providing for an extensive line of kith and kin, I would 
place in our treasury one hundred thousand dollars for the successful 
prosecution of our work, when I shall have ceased from labor in its 
behalf. 

In my address to the Society last year, I spoke of the importance 
of enlarged accommodations for our librai-y. Every returning an- 
niversary renders our want in this direction still more pressing. 
Since our last meeting we have purchased two stables in the rear of 
the Society's House. ^ The land on which those two structures stand, 
together with an un.j. mi;, ;o.] piece which already belonged to the 
Society, will enable U5 lo enlarge oin- building to about twice its 
present capacity. The experience of the past teaches us that this 
enlargement should be made at once. The interest in family and 
local history, which we have done so much ourselves to create, was 
never increasing more rapidly than at the present moment. Inves- 
tigators crowd to our library as the source of a large part of the 
material which they wish to incorporate into their works. I regret 
to say that while our doors are open, and in the interest of history 
we extend to them a cordial welcome, we have not really the room 
to give them suitable and convenient accommodations. Having 
undertaken by the establishment of this Society thirty-five years 
ago to stimulate studies in these departments, we must not in its 
present stage put anv hindrance in the way, or, in other'words, fail 
to offer the most ample facilities for their successful prosecution. 
The space for the proper arrangement and display of our books and 
pamphlets is too narrow and contracted. In some departments 
the room is at present sutiicient, and will be for some time to come, 
but in others, and in the most important ones, it is wholly inadequate, 
the volumes are crowded together in double or triple rows, render- 
ing it difficult to withdraw them from their hiding places, as well as 
perilous to the security of their bindings. For our pamphlets we 
need twice the room they now occupy. Our collection in this de- 
partment is exceedingly valuable, indispensable for the study of local 
and family history ; "and we are gradually, as rapidly as a prudent 
expenditure of our means will warrant, rendering them accessible 
for use. But they require ample space, that any one of them may 
be readily found, and withdrawn for examination witliout the disar- 
rangement and confusion of the rest. 

We need likewise another fire-proofroom, as large, if not larger 
than the one which we happily now possess. All manuscripts and 
books tiiat cannot be dujiiicated belong in this room. This material 
is accumulating every day. It is the class of historical literature 
which a great Society which is really alive, and means to be useful 
to the public, must largely possess. All -writers of history expect 
*'> find this material in the archives of such societies. So many 



1881.] President Wilder s Address. 135 

manuscripts and rare books have been destroyed by fire, that all 
associations entrusted with them are morally bound to provide the 
means of protecting them against the ravages of this destructive 
element. 

I am sure, gentlemen of the Society, that you will all agree with 
me as to the importance, I may say necessity, of this enlargement of 
our building, after hearing the reasons which I have thus briefly 
recited. 

To accomplish it will require the gift to the Society of a large 
sum of money, either by some member, or members of our associa- 
tion, or by some other person, who appreciates the vast work which 
we are doing for our family and local history. 

And noAv, gentlemen, as prosperity reigns throughout our land, I 
commend to your attention this opportunity of associating your names 
with a beneficent and noble work, and at the same time of conferring 
a lasting benefit upon the children by furnishing them with the means 
of a more ample knowledge of the Fathers of New England. 

The year that has just closed has been remarkable for the number 
of centenary celebrations which have taken place in Xew England. 
We rejoice in these observances, tending as they do to preserve and 
hand down to future generations those examples and principles to 
which we are indebted, and which must ever control the progress of 
civilization and the happiness of the human race. These celebrations 
create a lively interest in the present generation to learn all we can 
of the manners, customs and characters of our ancestors. We look 
with loving eyes on those features wliich speak from the marble, and 
linger with pleasure before the portraits of those left on the canvas, 
who have made us and our nation what we are. 

As the representative of our Society, I have attended during the 
year the following public celebrations : 

The 250th Anniversary of the Settlement of Boston. 

The 250th Anniversary of the Settlement of Dorchester. 

The 250th xVnniversary of the formation of the First Church in 
Boston. 

The observance of the 100th Anniversary of the establishment of our 
State Government at the Council Chamber. 

The 50th Anniversary of the American Academy of Arts and 
Sciences. 

The General Session of the American Association for the Advance- 
ment of Science. 

These celebrations have developed the history of the rise and 
progress of various institutions, the objects for which they were 
formed, and the events which they commemorate — connecting as 
they do the civilization and enterprise of olden with the present time. 
Among these are specially to be remembered the 250th anniversaries 
of the settlement of Boston, and Dorchester now within her domain, 



136 President Wilder's Address. [April, 

an event which marks a period tliat will ever be memorable in the 
history of our country. This tilth jubilee which commemorates the 
settlement of our Puritan Fathers in this city, will constitute in 
American history' another golden page, to perpetuate the intiuence 
of the past. Much as we revere and honor tlie landing of oiu: 
Pilgrim Fathers at Plymouth, we regard the crossing of Charles 
River by the Puritans in 1G30 as one of the most memorable events 
in the history of New England, which in connection with the Pil- 
grims' exa'mples, principles and institutions, will confer benefactions 
on the world, as long as gratitude has a place in the heart of man. 

When we look back on what Boston was wlien purchased of the 
Rev. William Blaxton for thirty pounds, "King's money," and 
compare it with her present exalted position, we are astonished at 
her progress and prosperity. When we reflect on little Boston, 
which history informs us was "too small to contain many people — a 
little peninsula, boggy, stony, and sapped by the sea," whose neck 
was bathed in summer by the waves of the ocean, whose harbor in 
winter was encased in ice, and whose shores were enrobed in snow 
— when we compare the Boston of that day, with her at this time, 
with her more than three hundred and fifty thousand souls, her free 
schools and seminaries of learning, her numerous churches, her 
libraries of half a million of volumes, her almost numberless associa- 
tions for charitable and beneficent purposes, her rapidly augmenting 
commercial, manufacturing and financial enterprises, we involuntarily 
exclaim, "The Lord hath done great things for us, whereof w^e are 

Boston has played a memorable part in tlie history of American 
prcgress. Here commenced the opposition to the Stamp Act, which 
made of her harbor a "great tea pot," the flavor of which has impreg- 
nated the waters of the globe. Here, on her borders, commenced the 
war which ended in American independence, and under lier shadow 
was established the first free public school of wiilch we have any ac- 
count in the world. Well does an English writer remark, "Bostoa 
has played a great part in the historical drama of the world, and her 
8ons are the best of a notable breed." Boston has had to wait her 
time for large commercial enterprises, but a glorious era is dawning 
upon her. Already she has stretched her arms to tlie great hikes, the 
fertile valleys of the west, clasped the continent with her iron rails, 
laid her hands on Puget Sound, and ere long will have connections 
with the rich lands of the great North AVest and South West, whose 
products are to find a great entre[)6t in our city — where there has 
been on the rails at the same time fourteen hundred cars waiting to 
deliver their freight on shipboard, and from whose wharves there 
have departed in a single week twenty steamships, and during the 
past year fuur hundred and forty, laden with the products of our 
land. Boston may not exercise the same controlling influence that 
she did a himdred years ago, but she has a great past, and the world 



1881.] I'resident Wilder* s Address. 137 

is enjoying fruits which are the direct outgrowths of the principles of 
the fathers, the labors of her sons, the blessings of her institutions, 
and the culture and refinement of her society. But whatever rank 
may be assigned her on the roll of cities, tiie light of her example 
can never be extinguished. Her history and f\\me will be cheiished 
and revered while the name of Franklin the father of American 
Science, Hancock the first signer of the Declaration of American 
Independence, and Warren the great martyr on Bunker Hill, shall 
have a page in the annals of time. 

The interest now manifested in geographical and archceological re- 
searches is worthy of special notice and commendation. Wonderful 
indeed have been the results obtained by the enterprise of our 
geographical societies, the explorations and surveys of national gov- 
ernments, and the untiring enterprise of archaeologists, both in our 
own and foreign lands. It is, I think, only about sixty years since 
the first geographical society in the woi-ld was established. Now 
f^here are more than fifty such associations actively engaged in their 
appropriate work, which are constantly bringing to light territories and 
resources in the hitherto unknown parts of the globe. One of the 
most important of these is the American Geographical Society, of 
which Chief Justice Daly is president. To the efforts of these so- 
cieties and the patronage of governments, we are largely indebted 
for the extensive explorations in Asia Minor, Japan, China ; South, 
Central, and North America and the Arctic Shores. In regard to 
the latter, we understand that Prof. Xordenskjold believes that voy- 
ages from the Atlantic to the Pacific, around the North coast of Asia, 
may be regularly made by suitable steamers at the proper season of 
the year. 

The geological and geographical surveys in our vast western ter- 
ritories, from New Mexico to our northern Alaska, and the great 
territory lying west and north-west of the great lakes — which our 
associate, Mr. Charles C. Coffin, has graphically described as suffi- ' 
cient for eleven states as large as Ohio, and ultimately to be joined 
to our own territory — are constantly opening up to us more and 
more of the immense acreage and fertility of our soil. It is within 
the present century that Lewis and Clarke ascended the Missouri to 
its source, reached the Pacific, and returned through the Yellow 
Stone, now opening up to us by the Northern Pacific Railroad, 
giving the world a knowledge of the surpassing richness and resources 
of these regions. 

The Reports of Hay den, Powell and others, in regard to our 
western and south-western territories, continue to aflford most 
important information, and are regarded as among the most valuable 
outlays of our government. From the researches in South and 
Central America by Drs. Fahn and Le Plongeon, whom we hope 
to see here in the spring, we learn that our western world, although 
last discovered, was probably the home of a very early civiiiza- 



138 ' President Wilder's Address. [April, 

tiou. Says Dr. Fahn, "The result of my observations is, that 
America is the Old "World, from whence emigrated the human 
family, and that Europe, Asia and Africa are the Xew World." 
"The languages spoken by the Indians of Peru and Bolivia, exhibit 
astounding atKnities with the Arabic, and the roots of tlie early 
Aryan tongue are found in the purest condition in the languages 
of these Indians." We need more information in regard to the 
origin and relation of the native races, which is so essential to the 
study of the aboriginal life of America, and although we may never 
ascertain the antiquity or locality of the progenitors of the race, yet 
the investigations of archaeologists and historians are constantly 
bringing to light discoveries which give evidence relating to an age 
far anterior to what we had supposed, and will, ere long, we hope, 
settle the question which of the continents, the Eastern or Western, 
is entitled to seniority as the residence of mankind. 

Large portions of the globe also remain to be discovered, where 
the light of civilization, the commerce of nations, and the refine- 
ments of social hfe are yet to be established, and where we con- 
fidently believe the English tongue will yet be spoken. The late 
explorations by Stanley, Pinto, and other travellers in Africa, con- 
stitute some of the most remarkable and valuable contributions to 
modern history, and make known a country with nearly two hundred 
millions of souls, one seventh part of the population of the globe, 
some of whose immense rivers will yet be navigated under the 
influence of trade and the industries of modern times. 

In these enterprises, we are glad to learn that Boston is not be- 
hind the age, and that the Archaeological Institute of America, 
whose home is here, and to which we extend a most hearty welcome 
— an institution which has now an able student in Colorado and 
New Mexico, engaged in the study of the ruins of the ancient Indian 
Pueblos, and of the life and customs of the existing Pueblo Indians 
— is about to send out a commission under the direction of Prof. 
Charles Eliot Norton of Harvard University, to the ancient city of 
Assos, which the Apostle Paul once visited, the site of which is on 
the eastern shore of the Greek Archipelago, about thirty miles south 
of the site of ancient Troy where Dr. Schleiman has been excavating, 
and who, we understand, is now pursuing similar work near Thebes. 
Nor would we omit to mention the excavations and discoveries at 
Athens and Olympia, in Greece, just now being made known to the 
public, by Professor Thomas Davidson, of Boston. 

Truly, the world moves ! The earth revolves ! The sun pours 
his revivifying rays into the bosom of mother earth, and nature, 
daughter of the skies, comes forth to supi>ly the wants of man. 
Science with her piercing eye penetrates her very depths, and brings 
forth treasures which have laid hidden from the foundation of the 
world. Civilization waves her banner, ever beckoning us on to 
higher and higher attainments, and history records with diamond 



1881.] President Wilder's Address. 139 

pen the progress of the age, for the benefit of those who are to 
follow us. 

I hail with gratitude and pleasure the increased interest so generally 
manifested in family history and genealogical researches, for which 
our Society is so justly celebrated, and in which from its earliest in- 
ception it has been zealously engaged. Many of us can remember 
the time when very little attention was given to the subject, by 
societies or individuals. ^Vithin the period in which I have had the 
honor to occupy this chair, there was but little interest, compara- 
tively, in the study of family or town history. Now the whole of 
New England is wide awake to its importance, and our libraries are 
constantly thronged for books and information on these subjects. 
It has become a common study, and our archives are richly stored 
with books which are daily constilted for information. The 
great deficiency of family histories was, until within a few years, a 
source of deep regret. To supply this want was the object and 
purpose of the fuunders of our Society, and upon it the Society has 
bestowed special and persistent labor. Our department. of genealogy 
and family history, I am happy to repeat, has become a great de- 
pository and contains a vast amount of valuable information. 

The inquiry is sometimes made, of what use are all these 
researches into the history of our families ? To this we reply, 
that the history and even the genealogy of families seems by the 
Bible to have been of Divine origin, the records of which have been 
deemed so important as to have been inscribed on its pages, in the 
lines of ancestry and descent from Adam down to the christian era, 
thus to be carefully preserved, to show us that the great and good 
of the world come not by chance, but are the results of good fathers, 
good mothers and good examples. Some men boast of' being self 
made ; but, trace back their origin, and it will generally be found 
that what they possess of excellence came down from the inheritance 
of good blood and good princijdes. Not to know from whence we 
came, not to care any thing about our ancestors, is to detract from the 
honor and gratitude due them, to suppress from posterity and to blot 
from human record the elements which have made us what we ai^e. 

Strange, indeed, it is, that so little attention had been given to 
this subject in former years. Says the late Rev. Mr. Ketchum, 
" It is a fact that many men of averajje intelligence do not know the 
names of their own grandfathers ; and all the knowledge they possess 
about their ancestry is the common tradition that they descended 
from one of three brothers who came over from the old country, 
and that it is said there are large estates which have been for a long 
time waiting to be claimed by those of their name." If it is con- 
sidered a matter of importance to trace the genealogy of our cattle in 
the Herd Book, of the horse back to Godolphin Arabian, or a strain 
of the camel back to an ancestry of one or two hundred years, how 
much more noble and important to trace the blood of man, made but 
"a little lower than the angels," and lord of this lower world ! 



140 President Wilder s Address. [April, 

Resuming the subject of history to \vhich I called your attention 
last year, I beg again to impress on you its importance and influence, 
for I kno^v of no theme which is more appropriate or worthy of your 
consideration. The history of mankind, either as individuals, 
communities or nations, is like an electric current coursing through 
the past, present and future time, connecting and vitalizing by 
its moral force the human race, like the providence of God, 
carrying out His beneficent plans for the elevation and sal- 
vation of the world. This influence moulds the character of 
mankind, transmits from generation to generation examples worthy 
of imitation, presents virtue in her most enchanting form, vice in 
its detested garb, and inscribes on monuments of fame names and 
deeds which will live in grateful remembrance long after the moun- 
tains from which the shafts were hewn shall have melted away. 
The achievements of men and nations are like mirrors reflecting the 
principles and precepts of the great and good, stimulating us to 
imitate their examples, fiUing the hearts of millions with higli and 
holy aspirations, and speaking to us from the printed page, the 
marble and the canvas, proclaiming as with clarion voice, "This is 
the way, walk ye therein." Thus the good influences permeate 
the minds of men for all time, ever acquiring concentrating 
power, striking their roots deeper and deeper into the heart of 
communities, making men more useful citizens, inspiring them with 
the love of liberty, country and God. Tlie record of our struggles 
for independence and for the preservation of our union will yet 
cause monuments to rise in the South as well as in the Xorth to 
commemorate tlie blessings of freedom, union and equality. His- 
tory links together in one great circle the nations of the world, 
gathers up. preserves and perpetiuates the record of human life. 
J3y it the discoveries in art, science and civilization are made the 
ministers of untold blessings to the world, and harbingers of still 
greater glories to come. 

We cannot move a step forward without consulting the records 
of the past. Blot these out and we have no lessons for our guid- 
ance ; strike these records out of existence, and our boasted civiliza- 
tion would wither like the leaves of the furest, and be swept by the 
wintry blast of desolation from the face of the earth. History 
is to direct and govern all future generations in the march of im- 
provement, to teach them how to control the forces of nature, to culti- 
vate and adorn the earth, unlock the doors of nature's secret labora- 
tories, and bring forth the treasures of air, earth and water that are in 
waiting for the use of man. History enlarges the scope of human 
thought, and prepares us for the greater blessings which are in store for 
mankind. Onward I is the word, and we must obey it. Christian 
civilization spreads out her arms and gathers up for use all that may 
tend to the happiness of our race ; and history promulgates to the 
ends of the earth the power to make men great, and nations pros- 
perous and strong. 



1881.] President Wilder s Address. 141 

Ho^y important, then, that we should have a knowledtre of history ! 
President Chadbourne, our associate member, says, ''To him who 
takes in the liistory of the past, life is lengthened. He may count 
no more revolving years than his fellow man whose thoughts never 
wander farther back than his boyhood. lie who reads the past 
multiplies his days a hundred fold." Things wjiich appear at the 
time of little consequence often turn out in their results to be of 
momentous importance. A suggestion, an action or an accident 
recorded in history may have been the fatlier of discoveries which 
have conferred untold blessings on our race. Just as a grain of 
invisible ])ollen impregnates the open blossom, fertilizing it and 
producing a fruit that charms the eve, gratifies the taste, cools 
the fevered lip, and ministers to the comfort and relief of millions 
who partake of it. 

"We build upon the past, we look to history for the record of 
human thought, of individual life, of national character, and as the 
author last quoted says, "it is in their light we walk." Nine-tenths 
of all the movements in trade, art or science rely for their success 
on the experience of the past. "Without these guides we wander in 
the mazes of doubt, and might as well expect to produce a beautiful 
flower or luscious fruit without a knowledge of the sources from which 
they were to emanate. 

And now as our statues commemorating the worthy dead are 
rising u[) in various parts of this citv, let us recur for a moment 
to the history of New England. I have spoken on this subject 
before, but I desire to repeat in substance Avhat I have said, having 
nothing to alter or amend. New England principles are to re- 
generate, i-emodel and reconstruct tiie governments of the world. 
Here was laid, said ^Ir. Winthrop, "' the corner-stone of a mightier 
and freer nation than the sun in its circuit ever before shone upon." 
New England ideas and [)rinciples which had here their first illustra- 
tion, as President Hayes, one of our Vice-Presidents, has lately 
said, "have had a great influence in sha[)ing the aff;iirs of the people 
of the United States, much to do with the prosperity we now enjoy, 
and about wiiich we may rightfully be boastful, and which we cannot 
too highly esteem." Well did Secretary Evarts, a Boston boy, say 
in his late speech before the New P^ngland Society in Brooklyn. 
N. Y., in regard to the influence of New England principles on 
the world, " Who can measure it? Who can circumscribe it? As 
the Puritan settlement at Plymouth is to the United States of 
America as it now is, so is the United States of America to the future 
possession and control of the world as it is to be." 

Look for instance at what New England has done for the advance- 
ment of civilization, the support of constitutional authority, the develop- 
ment of our national resources. How she has encouraged every efl'ort 
for the cause of education, the diff'usion of knowledge, the extension 
of human freedom and the spread of the Gospel ! How she has sent ^ 

VOL. XXXV. 13 



142 Preside7it Wilder s Address. [April, 

her eons forth as pioneers to stimulate by their examples, to build 
up by their enterprise, ro enrich by their wealth, and to plant, 
wherever their feet shall tread, schools, churches and institutions for 
the welfare of mankind I 

Look at her history presenting examples of genius, enterprise and 
benevolence, unsurpassed in the annals of the world I 

Who was it that drew the lightning from the fiery cloud, and held 
it in his hand I 

AVho was it that laid the mystic wire, dry-shod, from continent 
to continent, in the almost fatliomless abyss of the mighty deep ! 

Who was it that taught the electric spark, with tongue of tire to 
speak, quick as thought, all the languages of the globe ! 

Who was it that brought Lethean sleep, the heaven-born messen- 
ger, to assuage all human sutfering, and to blot from memory the 
cruel operations of the surgeon's knife I 

Who planted the first free school on this continent, if not the first 
free school in the world — the free school, that tree of knowledge 
whose fruits are freedom of thought, freedom of speech, freedom of 
worship — that tree whose leaves are for the healing of the natiiins I 

Whose sign manual appears at the head of the signers of that 
immortal Declaration of American Independence ; who were they 
who fell where yonder column rises ; and who were the volunteers 
that rushed first to the defence of the Capitol in the late fearful 
struggle of our union I 

Who were the men who conceived the idea and laid the plan for 
the greatest missionary enterprise on our western shores, going 
forth with the ensign of the cross in one hand and the Hag of our 
nation in the other, to the distant islands of the sea ! 

Who were the men on this hemisphere that first stood forth, as the 
champions of human freedom and equal rights, boldly declaring, 
with their lives in their hands, like Paul on ]Mars Hill, that God 
" made of one blood all the nations of men ! " 

By whose bold adventure, untiring energy, and wonderful despatch, 
was our western continent spanned by the iron tracks of the Pacific 
road ! 

Who was it that was honored with princely obsequies at West- 
minster Abbey, and whose remains by order of her Majesty the 
Queen of Great Britain, were sent home to us under royal convoy, 
in testimony of his noble benefactions to mankind ! 

Were not these Xew P^ngland men ? Were not these beneficent 
acts and achievements the result of Xew P]ngland mind? Aye, 
thev were Massachusetts men I It is these that have elevated our 
institutions as shining lights, whose beneficent rays have penetrated 
the darkest recesses of the earth, and whose golden record shall 
shine with brighter and brighter glory on the historic page. 

These are the words I spoke to you eleven years ago, and from 
which I have nothing to retract. But in filial duty to the land which 



1881.] President Wilder s Address. 143 

gave me birth, I desire once more to place on record, to impress on 
your memories, and on the mind of every chihl that shall be born 
on Xe\v England soil, this wonderful story of the genius and renown 
of her sons" Thus will we record these examples of patriotism, 
moral worth, and christian benevolence, that they may live forever 
on the tablet of the memory. 

" We'll teach them to our sons, 
And they again to theirs, 
That generations yet unborn 
May tell them to "their heirs ." 

Forever shall they be cherished and remembered ! Never shall 
they be forgotten, Xo, X'ever ! Through the ages of all time pos- 
terity shall respond, in the words of our own poet, 

"Forever! Never I Never! Forever!" 

Gentlemen, I cannot close these remarks without referring to the 
prosperous condition of our country, to which 1 briefly alluded 
last year. This I am happy to believe is still on the increase. AVhen 
we consider the stupendous progress and prosperity since our fathers 
planted the flower of freedom which has shed its fragrance all over 
our land — when we think of the vastness of our country, looking out 
on Europe on the cast and Asia on the west, capable of producing 
almost all the products of other climes, of feeding a great portion of 
the people of the world, its rapidly increasing population coming 
from all parts of the globe, and combining into a race more power- 
ful than any that has preceded it — with a constant immigration still 
surging on to the great ^\"est, to occupy not only our present lines 
but the lands of the great Northwest, whose advantages were so 
graphically descril)ed by our associate, Mr. Coffin, in his late paper 
read before us — when we reflect on these things we instinctively 
inquire to what will this all come at the close of two and a half 
centuries more. 

"When 1 think upon what I have witnessed in my own day, my 
heart throbs with intense desire that my life may be prolonged 
for another eighty years to see something more of the great future 
of this blessed land, more of its rising greatness and power 
when it shall have been filled up with the push and onward march 
of American enterprise, and I involuntarily exclaim — "Tell us, ye 
prophets of the Lord, O tell us, to what glorious end these signs 
of promise are pointing"? Were we permitted to look forward 
through the lens of the future, methinks we should see, ere some who 
hear me shall have gone down to their graves, amazing develop- 
ments springing from the benign influences of New-England princi- 
ples and institutions. How clearly do we see the hand of an 
overruling Providence who has designed this continent for the uses 
of a great nation, a most magnificent dwelling-place prepared by 
Him for man's abode — a home for the oppressed of the world, 



144 President Wilder s Address. [April, 

and of a people who are almoners of freedom to tlie advancing millions 
that are to dwell within its borders. 

The tide of Inimanity is constantly surging westward without re- 
gard to age or color, and is every year increasing its volume. Our 
eastern cities and towns join in the grand procession with the hun- 
dreds of thousands who are seeking a home nearer the setting sun, 
in tliose rich lands where thriving villages, towns and cities, will 
arise as by enciiantment, and become as populous and affluent as 
we now^ are. Whether this comes in one or five centuries, it is as 
sure to come as that day follows night. 

In a word, our country, with is vast territories, its fertile and pro- 
ductive fields, its rapidly increasing population, free schools and 
benevolent institutions spread broadcast over the land, together with 
the development of its inuufuse mineral resources, may look forward, 
in all human probability, to a future the like of which the world has 
never seen, a future which neither Greece nor liome, nor the most 
favored nations of the past could ever have dreamed of — a future, 
when nations shall do honor to our civilization, science and refine- 
ment, as it now dot;s to our progress, power and prosperity — when 
the flag of our republic shall unfold its stars and stripes throughout 
the world as the symbols of civilization and benevolence, where every 
man may sit under the shadow of the tree of liberty, and enjoy the rich 
fruits which spring from freedom of conscience and the right to 
worship God according to its dictates. 

Thus Providence has placed our nation where it stands, in the 
midst of cast-down or declining monarchies, as an emblem of Divine 
justice, the terror of tyrants, the protector of human rights, and on 
whose ensign is inscribed ''Law, Freedom, Truth, and Faith in 
God" — a nation where, in the words of the martyred Lincoln, ''The 
mystic ties of memory stretching from every battle-field and patriot 
grave, to every living heart and hearthstone all over this broad land, 
shall yet swell the chorus of the L'nion when touched, as surely they 
will be, by the better angels of our nature." Nothing but some tre- 
mendous convulsion, some great moral earthquake, some dire revul- 
sion of human excellence, virtue and renown, which shall shatter our 
confederacy into atoms and cover our fair land with anarchy and dis- 
union, can ever obstruct the grandest and most glorious marcii of 
civilization (m the globe. 

When I look back on the past and see what has been accomplished 
by the planting of our free institutions on these New England 
shores, when I look forward to the future and consider tiie vastness 
and capacity of our national territory, its immense annual crop of 
twenty-five hun<lred millions of bushels of grain, sufticient for feed- 
ing its fifty millions of people and supplying the needs of the rest of 
the world — its eighty thousand miles of railnjad, with net earnings of 
two hundred Uiillions (4' dollars yearly, and its rich mineral resources 
— a territory yet to be filled up with a free and industrious population, 



1881.] Virginia Documents — the Peyton Family. 145 

I feel a great desire to see more of the development of this wonderful 
country — when the five Pacific railroads shall have enclasped our 
continent, when tlie inter-oceanic canals shall have united the waters 
of our oceans — when the thousands of our rivers shall be navigated, 
tlie vast interior of our continent occupied by an industrious, intelli- 
gent, and enterprisiui: comnumity — when the soimd of the steam 
whistle, the ring of the iron rail, the click of the telegraph, and 
tlie voice of the telephone shall be heard around th.e world — when the 
genius of man, the progress of letters, the philosophy of nature, the 
mysteries of science shall have been fcdly unfolded — when these shall 
have accomplished their Divine mission, and man master of them 
all shall approach nearer and nearer to that wisdom and perfection 
which are finally to cliaracterize our race — when "Liberty, Equality 
and Fraternity"' shall be the countersign from land to land — when all 
the peoples of the earth shall join in hallelujahs of thanksgiving to 
the God of nations, whose song of jubilee shall be, Fukedoi x\nd 
Salvation ! Free and Equal ! Fkee and Equal fokevek I 



VIRGINIA DOCUMENTS.— THE PEYTON FAMILY. 

Communicated by Col. Johx Lewis Peyton', of Steephill, near StauDton, Virginia. 

''PIIE Peyton family is of high antiquity in the mother counti'v. 
J- According to Du }*Ioulin, Camden and other antiquarians and 
historians the founder was AVilliam de ]\Ialet, one of the great ba- 
rons who accompanied William I. to the conquest of England, and 
obtained from that monarch many grants of manors and lordships as 
a recompense for his military services. Among these lordships 
were Sibton and Pevton Halls in Norfolk, from the latter of which 
a junior branch of the de ]\lalets assumed the surname of Peyton 
in accordance with the usage of the times. 

The name is also one of the earliest connected with the coloniza- 
tion of Virginia, Sir Henry Peyton, who was knighted by James 
I., and was gentleman of the Privy Chamber of Prince Henry in 
IGIO, was a member of the London Company to whom King James 
granted a charter May 23, 1609, " to deduce a colony and make 
habitation and plantation in tliat part of America commonly called 
Virginia." [See Ilening, vol. i. p. 82. J Sir Henry Peyton was 
the foiu-th son of the lii^'iit Hon. Thomas Peyton, M. P. for Dun- 
wich in 1557, by his v.ire Lady Cecelia Bouchier, daughter of John, 
second Earl of Bath. He married Lady ^lary, daughter of Ed- 
ward Seymour, Duke of Somerset, but it dees not appear that he 
ever vi.'jited Virginia or left descendants. His nephew John Pey- 
ton, son of his brother Robert, is supposed to have been the first of 
the family who undertook the voyage to Virginia circa 1G22, when 
VOL. XXXV. 13* 



146 Virginia Documents — the Peyton Family. [April, 

in his twenty-sixth year. He liad previously married Ellen Pak- 
ington, of London, and left at his deatli two sons : 

i. Henry Peyton, of Aequia, Westmoreland Co., Va. 
ii. Col. Valentine, of Nomiuy, " " 

The descendants of these two sons are scattered through Virginia, 
the South and West. An accurate list of their offspring cannot be 
now furnished, but it is hoped that it will be forthcoming at no dis- 
tant day. 

This much, however, may be said, that from Valentine was de- 
scended the gallant Col. Harry Peyton of revolutionary fame, who 
■when he heard that his last son had been killed at the siege of 
Charleston, S. C, 1780, by a cannon ball from the British fleet, 
exclaimed, " AVould to God I had another to put in his place." 

And Frances Peyton, who married Judge John Brown, Chan- 
cellor of the Staunton (Va.) district, and left issue : 

i. Judge James E. Brown, of tlie Wytheville district, uncle of Gen. 
J. E. B. Stuart, of the Confederate Cavalry. 

ii. Margaret, who married Judge Briscoe G. Baldwin, of the Supreme 
Court of Ajipeals of Virginia, the f\ither of Col. John B. Bald- 
win, of ]Mrs. Alexander A. II. II. Stuart, Mrs. James M. Han- 
son, of Jet^erson Co., West Virginia, and Mrs. Chapman I. 
Stuart, of Ivichmond. Va. 

iii. Martha, wlio married William S. Eskridge. and left issue : 
Mrs. Jno. Towles, of Louisiana, and 
Mrs. K. T. W. Duke, of Albermarle. Va. 

From Henry Peyton, of Acquia, descended Col. Balie Peyton, 
of Tennessee, a distinguished lawyer and soldier. He served in 
congress for Tennessee, and in the Mexican war as colonel of the 
5th Louisiana Peginient, and afterwards as Minister Plenipotentiary 
to Chili, 1848-r«53. The Hon. E. G. Peyton, late Chief Jus- 
tice of the Supreme Court of Mississippi; Col. Henry E. Peyton, 
who served throughout the war on the staff of Gen. R. E. Lee, 
and is now secretary of the U. S. Senate; Col. Robert L. Y. 
Peyton, a member of the Confederate States Senate for Missouri, 
and others too numerous to be here mentioned. 

With these simple facts by Avay of introduction, we present our 
readers with some of the earliest papers on record in our country. 

Will of Henry Peyton, gent, of Acquia, in the Coxinty of Westmoreland 
Virginia, 1 G5S. 
In the name of God amen I Henry Peyton, of Acquia, in the County 
of Westmoreland, Gentleman, being of good and perfect memory, & thanks 
be to God, well &i sound in bodily health, but being bound f(;r a voyage to 
sea, not knowing how it may please God to dispose of me, doe make this 
my last will ik. testament, in manner & form flowinrr. 

Imprimis. I give & bequeath my soul to God that gave it, & my body 
to the Earth from whence it came, or as it shall please God the Almighty 
otherwise to dispose of it. 



1881. Virginia Documents — the Peyton Family. 147 

Item. I give & bequeath to my loving wife Ellen Peyton one half of the 
whole estate that it has pleased the Almighty God to bestow upon me in 
this world, excepting the legacy hereinafter given to my brother Valentine 
Peyton. 

item. I give & bequeath to my sons Henry & Valentine Peyton the 
other half of mine estate equally to be divided betwixt them, to be paid to 
them, at their ages of one ifc twenty years. 

Item. I give cV- bequeath to my brother Valentine Peyton One thousand 
pounds of tobacco to buy him a mourning suit. 

Item. My will is that none of my land or estate in Virginia do fall to my 
sons or next heirs in law as inheritance, but that if my wife desire it then 
it is to be sold & valued as personal estate & then be divided according to 
my will. 

Item, My will & desire is that my brother Col. Valentine Peyton & mine 
Uncle Thomas Pakington of London, be overseers of this my last will & 
testament to be pertormed according to my true intent & meaning, & in 
case my wife marry again to take security for or to take into their pos- 
session that part that belongeth to the children. 

Item. I constitute & ordain my loving wife Ellen Peyton sole execu- 
trix of this my last will «fc testament. 

Witness my hand & seal this IT"' day of May 1658. 

Henry Peyton [seal] 
Signed & sealed in presence of 
Walter Pro<lhurst 
Hugh B rod hurst. 
This will was proved & recorded 20"^ of October 1659. "•* 

A copy. Teste 

J. Warren Hutt, 

Clerk of Westmoreland 
August 1880. 



Will of Colonel Valentine Peyton, gent, of Xominy, 1662. 

In the name of God Amen I Valentine Peyton of the County of West- 
moreland, Virginia Gentleman being about to take a voyage to Jamestows, 
&. knowing the life of man to be uncertain doe make this my last will & tes- 
tament in form following, to wit ; 

Imprimis. I give & bequeath my soul into the hands of God my maker 
hoping for salvation throuu'h the merits & passion of my alone Saviour 
Jesus Christ, & my body to the earth decently to be buried at the discretion 
of my Executrix hereinafter named. 

Item. I give my estate real & personal both of lands, goods, chattels & 
debts to my dear & loving wife Frances Peyton whom I ordain nominate 
& appoint my sole executrix, excepting only the legacies hereinafter men- 
tioned. 

Item. I give unto my son-in-law Thomas Speke one two year old ]Mare 
& four Cows with their increase for the future to be delivered to him when 
he comes to the age of twenty one. 

Item. I leave my futlier-in-law Thomas esq & M' Robert Sligh 

both of Maryland overseers to see this my last will performed. 

In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand & seal this 27*** of No- 
vember 1662. 

Valentine Peyton [seal] 



148 Virginia Documents — the Peyton Family. [April, 



Teste 
Stephen Warward 
Augustus Hull 



} 

This will was recorded Juue 29"* 1665. 

A copy, teste 

J. Warren Ilutt, clerk. 

Sep' 14^ 1S80. 



Mrs. Frances Peyton's to Major John Washington Poicer of Attorney, 
1665. 

Know all men by these presents that I Frances Peyton the relict & wid- 
ow & Adm' with the will annexed of Colonel Valentine Peyton late of the 
County of Westmoreland, deceased doe make, constitute, appoint & ordain 
my trusty and well beloved friend Major John Washington,* of the said 
County my true & lawful general attorney in all causes & in all Courts with- 
in the Colony of Virginia to act for me either as plaintiff or defendant 
hereby giving & granting unto my said attorney as full power &, authority 
in the prosecution of my interests as any attorney or attorneys hath or 
ought to have. And whatsoever my said attorney shall lawfully doe in the 
premises I do & shall ratify & confirm as powerfully & effectually as if I 
myself was there personally present to do the same. In witness whereof I 
have hereunto set my hand & seal this 21^' of July 1665. 

Frances Peyton [seal] 
Signed, sealed & delivered in the presence of 
John Lord 
Thomas Wilsford 
This letter of attorney was recorded on the 22°** of July 1665. 
A copy, teste 

J. Warren Ilutt, Clerk. 
Sept. 14^ 1880. 



Will of Col. Gcrrard Peyton, of Nominy, in the Co. of Westmoreland, Va., 
1687. 

In the name of God amen. I Gerrard Peyton, of Nominy in the Co. of 
Westmoreland, tinding myself very sick and weak in body, but of sound 
and perfect memoiy calling to mind the frailty of all human tlesh and the 
decree of our Ileav.Mily father that all matdiind are once to die and de- 
scend into the grave ami to sleep until the loud and dreadful trumpet shall 
sound and awake us all to judgment before the great tribunal judge, both 
of quick and dead ; doe by these presents make, constitute, ordain and ap>- 
point this to be my true last will and testament, hereby revoking, disannull- 
ing and making void all manner of former wills and testaments by me here- 
tofijre made or done. 

First. I give and be(]ueath my immortal soul unto God my Heavenly 
maker, who gave it lirit unto me, hoping through the merits, passion and 
intercession of his son my alone dear Saviour Jesus Christ, to behold and 
everlastingly enjoy my maker and redeemer in the Kingdom of Heaven 

• Mnjor John Washington was the grandfather of the illustrious Washington. 



1881.] Virginia Documents — the Peyton Family. 



149 



and mv bodv to the earth from whence it came to be decently buried and 
interred according to tlie decision of m.\ executrix hereinafter named. 

Item. I give and bequeath unto my dearest well beloved sister Eliza- 
beth Hardige, her heirs. Executors, administrators and assigns all my real 
estate and personal property, my lands <S:c. And if my said sister Eliza- 
beth riardidge should have no issue of her body, then my full and whole 
estate both real and person ale with all my lands to be disposed of by her 
last will and testament. Also, I the said Gerard Peyton doe by these pre- 
sents nominate, constitute, put, place, ordain and appoint my loving and 
kind father-in-law M'" William Hardidge, of Nominy aforesaid to be sole 
executor of this my last will and testament. 

In witness whereof I the said Gerard Peyton being in good and perfect 
memory have hereunto set my hand and seal this 27'*^ day of DeV A.D. 
•1687. A7ino reg. Jacobi secundo tertio. 

The words '' her heirs, executors &,'^ " interlined in the 12th line before 
signing. 

Codicil. I also give and bequeath unto my kind and loving father-in- 
law my sword and belt and case of pistols. I also give and bequeath unto 
Valentine Harris One hundred acres of land. Unto M" Margaret Blagg 
my liorse " Jocky," to M" Edward Franklyn fourteen and a half yards 
of silk and a pair of shoes. Unto Cuthbert one pair of breeches and a 
trunk and unto iS^egro Dick the first mare colt that shall fall. 



Signed, sealed and delivered 

in presence of 

Joseph Lewis ^ 

Richard Sturman > 

Robert Chamberlain ) 

Jan? 11, 1G87-8. 



Gerraud Peytox [seal] 



Upon petition of W W™ Hardidge, Executor of the last will^and testa- 
ment of the above named Col. Gerrard Peyton this will was proved in 
Court by the Oaths of Joseph Lewis, Richard Sturman and Robert Cham- 
berlain witnesses thereto subscribed and it was ordered to be recorded. 

Thom. Marsen, 

Deputy Clerk. 



A.D 

Westmoreland Co. 
to wit. 



'31. 



At a court held for the said County the 
27'*'day of October 1731. 

Col. Henry Ashton by his letter to this Court representing that the leaf 
of the record' book in which the will of Col. Gerrard Peyton dec"^ 1GS7 was 
recorded is by some accident broken off (which it seems was before George 
Tuberville, the present Clerk of the County was in that otlice) And it re- 
mains in a loose leaf of the said book. And as the whole right of a great 
quantity of lands belonging to his daughter and grand daughters depend 
on the said will, therefore prayed the Courts order for recording the same 
in a proper book which being considered by the Court it is ordered that 
the said Col. Peyton's will be re-entered in the present record book for 
wills of this county. And the original will of said Peyton happening to 
be in possession of said Ashton and being produced in Court it is also or- 



150 Zahdiel and John Boylston. [April, 

dered that the same be lodged and remain in the clerks office of this county 
amongst other original wills. Teste G. Turbervile, C. C "W. 

Recorded the 30''' day of October 1731. 

P' G. T., C. C. W. 

A copy, teste J. "Warren Hutt, 

c. c. w. 



Virginia Land Registry Office, Richmond. 
Extracts. — The following are grants of lands to the Pettons, made be- 
fore the Revolution : 

Peyton, Henry, book 4, p. 255 ; 400 acres in Westmoreland Co., Novem- 
ber 1,1657. 
Peyton, Valentine, book 4, p. 426 ; 1600 acres in same County, July 20, 

1662. 
Peyton, Major Robert, book 7, p. 81 ; 1000 acres in New Kent Co., April 

23,1681. 
Peyton, Robert, book 7, p. 233 ; 150 acres in Kensington Parish, Glouces- 
ter Co., Feb. 20, 1682. 
Peyton, Thomas, book 17, p. 524 ; 100 acres in Gloucester Co., June 16, 
1738. 



ZABDIEL AND JOHN BOYLSTON. 

Communicated by Chakles "W. Parsons, M.D., of Providence, R. I. 

niHACHER'S American Medical Biography contains an interest- 
1. ing memoir of Dr. Zabdiel Boylston, distinguished for hav- 
ing introduced inoculation for small-pox into this country. This 
memoir was mostly drawn from materials communicated to the late 
Dr. George C. Shattuck, by "Ward Nicholas Boylston, the eminent 
benefactor of Harvard College. The printed memoir omits an in- 
cident related at the end of ^Ir. Boylston's paper, and never hith- 
erto made public. I copy from his manuscript. 

"Here, perhaps, says Mr. Boylston, I may be allowed to intro- 
duce an anecdote I learned with pleasure and surprise from the late 
Dr. Franklin, to whom I was introduced at his seat near Paris, in 
the year 1783. There were several gentlemen and ladies in the 
room at the time of my name being announced to him, when he arose 
from his chair and took me by the hand, saying, " I shall ever re-' 
vere the name of Boylston ; Sir, are you of the family of Dr. Zab- 
diel Boylston of Boston ? " to which I replied that he was my great 
uncle ; " then. Sir, I must tell you I owe everything I now am to 
him." He went on giving this account of himself, viz. : " ^^ ben 
Dr. Boylston was in England, I w^as there reduced to the greatest 
distress, a youth without money, friends or couns,el. I applied in 
my extreme distress to him, who supplied me with twenty guineas ; 



1881.] Zabdiel and John Boyhton. 151 

and, relying on his judgment, I visited liim as opportunities oflL-ved, 
and by his fatherly counsels and encouragements I ^Yas saved from 
the abyss of destruction which awaited me, and my future fortune was 
based upon his parental advice and timely assistance. Sir, I beg you 
will visit me as often as you tind you have leisure while in Paris." 
During my stay I availed myself of this, visited and dined with him 
several times, and always received his marked attentions." 

Dr. Boylston was in England in 1724: and 1725, and young 
Franklin reached London about the end of the year 1724, where he 
found he had been deceived by worthless letters of recommendation 
from Gov. Keith, and was almost friendless and moneyless, though 
he soon found employment as a jn-inter. The incident above related 
is the more creditable to Dr. Boylston from the fact that the X'-w 
England Couvant. conducted by the Franklins, had joined in the 
outcry against inoculatiun, by \Uuch Dr. Boylston had suflercd so 
much. 



Dr. Boylston had a son John, who presented many interesting 
traits of character. His letters to which I have had access show a 
very amiable man. kind to his relatives in Boston, simple in tastes, 
and warmly attached to his native town. He has been ranked as a 
tory, and is mentioned accordingly in Sabine's " Amrrican Loyal- 
ists." It appears that he left Boston for London in 1768, on ac- 
cornt of impaired health. He was then nearly sixty years old, 
having been born in Boston March 23, 1709. He established a 
mercantile correspondence with Boston and Jamaicn, and resided in 
London till November, 1775, when, on account of increasing in- 
firmities, the interruption of commercial intercourse caused by war, 
and the expense of living in the metropolis, he went to Bath, 
where he died unmarried in 1795. 

• His letters throucrh the whole period of the war show that his 
sympathies were with his "townsmen," as he continued to call his 
friends in Boston. He deprecates the " vindictive measures " of 
government, sends money for the relief of the distressed people of 
Boston, and writes as follows, after hearing of the defeat of (iates 
at Camden : "This unfortunate event has buried all pacific tli<iu-ht9, 
and inspired this sanguinary administration to continue this infernal 
contest, with the ostensible view of suljjugating the colonies, 
although the real purpose is continuing in office, and fleecing the 
people, whose spirits seem wholly dissipated and broke." 

He kept up a long and constant corresj)ondence with the Bev. 
Thomas ^^'ren, a dissenting clergyman of Portsmouth, England, 
in regard to the relief of American prisoners-of-war held at Forton, 
near Portsmouth. He contributed money at many different times 
for their aid and comfort, directing that preference be given to those 
wlio belonged in Boston, and next to those from other parts of Mas- 
sachusetts. The Fortou prisoners make the subject of an interesting 



152 Witchcraft in Springfield, Mass. C-"^pnl, 

communication, published in the Register from 1876 to 1879, by 
William R. Cutter, Esq. The visits of Mr. Wren, made frequently 
once a week, are repeatedly mentioned in that article, with a notice 
of his bringing money to the prisoners. Mr. Boylston gave very 
liberally fur this object ; and the correspondence bctwec n him and 
Mr. Wren shows that both parties were very tender in their sympa- 
thies and active in beneficence. 

Mr. Boylston's letters frequently refer to a plan he long cherished 
of bequeathing a large part of his property for the benefit of the 
poor of Boston. It would appear that he had taken measures with 
this intent before leaving Bostuu in 17G8. He writes froni Bath, in 
1789 : "It is now more than thirty years since by will I devoted 
my small property to this {)urpose, having to this day taxed my ex- 
penses for this intent." Ilis last will, executed at Bath in the year 
1793, creates a trust which is still in operation. One portion of 
the bequest is for the benefit of " poor and decayed householders of 
the Town of Boston," — "not under fifty years of age," — "persona 
of good character and reduced by the act of Providence, not by in- 
dolence, extravagancy, or other vice." The other portion is to be 
applied to "the nurture and instruction of Poor Orphans and 
Deserted Children, of the Town of Boston, until fourteen years of 
age." The two funds, according to recent reports of the City Audi- 
tor, now amount to considerably more than one hundred thousand 
dollars. They are respectively known as the " Boylston Relief 
Fund," and the " Boylston Education Fund." 



WITCHCRAFT IX SPRIXGFIELD, MASS. 

Communicated by Stanley Waters, A.M., of Salem, Mass. 

rpilE late Samuel G. Drake, A.M., in his "Annals of Witch- 
X craft," pp. <M to 72, gives an account of the trial of Hugh Par- 
sons, of S[)ringfield, and his wife on the charge of witchcralt. In 
the Appendix, pp. 219-58, ]Mr. Drake gives the evidence in the 
case as found in a manuscript volume belonging to him. The fol- 
lomng depositions, found among the Suffolk court files, undoubtedly 
relate to this case. 

The testimony of Joanna y^ wife of .John Lumbard taken on oath 3Iay 
22"^ 10.51. 
This deponent sayth y' hir husband y* last Sumer beinge dawbinge his 
howse Layd down his trowell at y^ doore of his howse on y* sill and goiiige 
to fetch more mortar, afterward came to fetch his trowell wliere he Laved 
it, and it was gon. Both shee and hir husband songlit it all over y' howse 
but could not finde it. The .3d day after Hugli Parsons came to o' howse, 
«fe he and hir husband were standing at y* doore at wch tyme an Indian 
past by y' had bin in y* howse y* day y' y* trowell was lost, who called to 



1881.] Correspondence of Gen. Benedict Arnold. 153 

y* Indian to come to liim, intending to aske him if he had not stole ye trow- 
ell. Hugh Parsons s'' why doe you call him — her husband s'^, to inquire of 
bim if he had not stole my trowell. S*^ Hugh Parsons, heere is the trowell, 
& there it was on y^ doore sill where hir husband had layd it, but it was 
not to be seen there foraierly. Hexry Smith. 

The Testimony of Alexander Edwards taken on oath May 2G"^ 1651. 

This deponent sayth y' he tooke good notice y* his Cow lessened her milke 
on a suddaine, and from 3 quarts shee gave not above one quart at most : 
alsoe y' her milke was of a verry odd colour in all her teates, yellowish 
&, somewht Blooddy as if it were festered & it continued soe about a 
weeke. This fell out to y^ Cow the next meale after y' his wife had de- 
nyed Hugh Parsons milke, and y' y* Cow ayled nothinge to any of y"' apre- 
heutions and grew well agayne and came to her milke without any meanes 
used. HEXRr Smith. 

The Testemony of Richard Excell taken on oath May 20"^ IGol. 
Richard Excell athrmeth y' he heard Hugh Parsons aske Sarah Edwards 
for milke, and shee told him shee could spare him no moer milke, she would 
pay him wht else shee owed him some other way. He replyed he had 
rather have wht was due to him in milke. The next meal Rich: Excell 
saw y* milke y^ Cow gave, and it was farr differinge fro ye usuall colour of 
milke it was verry yellow and unfitt for any to eate, and it was not above 
a quart y' y* Cow gave if it were soe much. 

All Testetied on oath before me Henry Smith. 



CORRESPOXDEXCE OF GEN. BEXEDICT ARXOLD. 

Communicated by the Hon. Isaac X. Arnold, of Chicago, 111. 

THE following are copies of several papers of historic interest 
which I think should be made accessible to the student of 
history. The originals of all these papers, with the exception 
of the letter to the Rev. B. Booth, are in my hands, but will soon 
be returned to the Rev. Edward Gladwin Arnold, M.A., rector of 
Great Massingham, Xorfolk, England [Register, xxxiv. 197], to 
wdiom they belong. They were sent to me by him with others 
used in preparing mj Life of Benedict Arnold. 

I. 

Benedict Arnold to the Rev. 3fr. Booth. 

Philadelphia 

May 2o. 1779. 
Dear Sir 

Being in daily expectation of sending my sons to You, has p revented 
my answering Your favor of the 2*^ of April before. 

I am extremely happy in committing the care of their education to a 
gentleman so universally esteemed, & admired, not in the least doubting 

VOL. XXXV. 11 



154 Correspondence of Gen. Benedict Arnold. [April, 

your care & attention to them in every particular. Let me be<x of You, 
my Dear Sir, to treat them in the same manner as you would Your own, 
"When they deserve correction I wish not to have them spared. They have 
been for some time in this City, which is a bad School, & my situation 
has prevented ray paying that attention to them, I otherwise should have 
done. If they liave contracted any bad habits they are not of long stand- 
ing, & I make no doubt under Your care they will soon forget them. 

I wish their education to be useful, rather than learned. Life is too 
short, & uncertain to throw away in speculations upon subjects, that perhaps 
only one man in ten thousand has a genius to make a figure in. You will par- 
don my dictating to You sir, but as the fortune of every man in this coun- 
try is uncertain, I wish my sons to be Educated in such a manner that with 
prudence & industry they may acquire a fortune, in case they are deprived 
of their patrimony, as well as to become useful members of society. 

My tailor has disappointed me, & sent home their clothes unfinished. 
I Am therefore under the necessity of sending them undone or of detaining 
the wagon. I cannot think of doing the latter, & must beg the favor of You, 
to procure their clothes finished, «fc some new ones made out of my old ones. 
I must beg you to purchase any little matters necessary for them. I have 
enclosed three hundred dollars, for their use, out of which you will please 
to give as much to spend as you think proper, with this condition, that they 
render to you a regular account, as often as You think necessary, of their 
expenses, a copy of which they will transmit to me. This will teach them 
economy & method so necessary in life. If any books wanting I beg of 
you to purchase them, & whenever You are in want of money to draw on 
me. 

I shall expect they will write me frequently ; of this they will doubtless 
w mt reminding, I have the Honor to be 

with great respect & esteem 
Dear Sir 
Rev, B. Booth. Your most Obedient &, humble Servt 

B. Arnold. 

The Rev, Bartholomew Booth taught an academy at Delamere Forest, 
Washington Co., 3Iaryland. in 1779. He "taught," says his great-grand- 
son, Dr. William Booth, '* the sons of quite a number of prominent per- 
sons and officers of the Revolution at that time. Among the number were 
Ben, (fc Richard, two sons of Benedict Arnold." These boys were then 
about 10 and 11 years old. 

It is a curious fact, that while Benedict Arnold was clothing his own boys 
by having his old clothes made up for them, he was contributing liberally 
to the support of the children of his friend Gen. Warren. See letter from 
Samuel Adams, dated Dec. 1, 1770, quoted in Frothingham's life of War- 
ren, p. 459. " Gen. Arnold has generously 'assisitd by enclosing S500 to 
their support." Also Feb. 19, 1779, So 00, sent by Lieut, Peter Richards, 
expenses of Gen, Warren's children, — Arnold's Life of B. Arnold, p. 220. 



II. 

LeUer to Earl Spencer. 
My Lord Gloucester Place Juno 1" 1797. 

Having had some Experience in Conducting naval, as well as Military 
Operations, I think it my duty at this alarming Crisis, to tender my Ser- 



1881.] Correspondence of Gen. Benedict Arnold. 155 

vices to your Lordship to be employed, as you may think proper, whether 
they are employed or not I presume my zeal for his jMajesty's Service will 
apologize for the liberty I take in addressing your Lordship. 
I have the honor to be very respectfully 
My Lord 

Your Lordship's 
The R* Honble Most Obed' 

Earl Spencer & most Hble Serv* 

&c. &c. &c. B. Arnold. 



TIL 

Letter to Lord CornwalUs. 

Gloucester Place Dec' 29. 1796. 
My Lord 

I have had the honor of receiving your Lordship's letter of the Si"* 
Ins* and beg you will accept my thanks for your kindly attention in speak- 
ing to M"' Pitt on the subject of my Plan, which the more I consider it, the 
more important it appears to me in its consequences, provided it can be car- 
ried into effect, and tho' existing circumstances may at present preclude the 
means for that purpose, the case may soon be altered, and as I apprehend 
that the principal objection is the hazard of taking so many ships of the 
line from other service, I beg leave to say that, that objection may in a 
great measure be obviated by adopting a plan that I have taken the liberty 
to enclose for your Lordship's Consideration. 

The naval force of the Enemy in the S. Seas, by the latest intelligence was 
very inconsiderable, consisting only of Two or three ships of the line, one 
fifty & a few Frigates. — Should they detach more ships of war to that 
part of the World, I presume it cannot be done without our knowiiig their 
destination, in which case we can undoubtedly spare as many ships from 
hpme service, to counteract them. — If their naval Force in that Country is 
not superior to ours, it would soon fall into our hands, and make such an 
addition to our ships, as would render them sufficiently formidable, to Cover 
our Operations by land, against any force that Spain could send. — And I 
will pledge myself that with such a covering fleet as I have mentioned and 
five thousand effective men to begin Operations, I will soon raise so for- 
midable an army of the Natives, Creoles &. People of Colour, that no force 
that Spain has there, or can send to that Country, will be able to resist it, 
or prevent their freeing the Country from the Spanish Government. — Per- 
mit me to request the favor, my Lord, that whenever there appears a favor- 
able Opportunity to carry such plan into effect that you will have the good- 
ness to remind JP Pitt of it, & of my wishes to be employed in it. — 
I have the honor to be with great respect 
My Lord 

Your Lordship's 

Most Obedient & 
most obliged 
Humble Ser' 
[Addressed to Lord Cornwallis.] B. Arnold. 



156 CorresjDondence of Gen. Benedict Arnold. [April, 

lY. 

Gen. Arnold's Memorandum of his Confiscated Property. 

Memorandum of General Arnold's Property confiscated and sold in 
Philadelphia, 1779 or 1781. 

Sterling 
A pair of Horses for which G. Arnold refused .... £200 

Carriage almost new, worth ....... 100 

A valuable Xegroe man slave 22 Years old .... 100 

Plate £50 Furniture Beds Bedding Linen, &c &c 250 . . 300 

Books r^lectrical Machine Microscope &c &:c China Glass Stores &c&c 200 
Cloths &c. .......... 50 

Sterling £950 



B. Arnold. 



V. 

Certificate of Jeremiah Miller, Jr. 

I do Certify that I was acquainted with Brig"" General Benedict Arnold 
for many years in America, and that He was for Several Years pre- 
vious to the "War considered as a Merchant of Property, and did a great 
deal of Business ; — He was possessed of an elegant House, Store Houses, 
"NYharf &c, in New Haven, Connecticut, which 1 have been informed and 
believe was worth upwards of Twenty four Hundred pounds, that Curren- 
cy, 'vhich with all his property in Connecticut has been confiscated and 
sold, and I have also been informed, and have no reason to doubt but that 
His Estate was free from Encumljrances ; from the nature of His Business 
and trade in General in that Country, I am of the opinion He must have 
had very considerable Out-Standing Debts. 

I do also Certify that in the Year 1780, the State of Connecticut under- 
took to make good the Depreciation of the pay of their Officers upon a 
given scale of Depreciation (to a certain time I think to the year 1778. 
The Treasurer of Connecticut gave His Notes to the Officers for the same, 
which Notes were negotiable and did pass for a certain time at their nom- 
inal Yalue. Jeremiah Miller, Jr. 

London 5"^ March 1784. 



VL 

Gen. Arnold's Statement relative to Joshua Hett Smith. 

In the Prosecution of the Agreement between S' Henry Clinton & my- 
self, It became necessary for me to have a Personal Interview with the 
Man of Sir Henry's Confidence, wlio was the unfortunate Major Andre 
who by appointment of S' H. was to meet me (with a Flag of Truce) at 
Dobbs's Ferry on the North liiver at 12 o'clock on a certain day apjjoint- 
ed by us ; at the time api^/nitod I approached the Ferry in my Barge, 
expecting to meet him, but to my great Mortification Instead of meeting 
him I was attacked by three Gun l>oats from New York, who by some 
fatal mistakes were neither called off their Post or made acquainted with 



1881.] W7io was First Minister of Mendon ? 157 

our Intended meeting, and It was with Great Risque and difficulty that I 
escaped from them, soon after in Order to bring the meeting with Major 
Andre about, I had to send for him from the Vulture Sloop of war, then 
Lying below the American lines in Hudson River, the utmost Secrecy was 
necessary, and the Person who was sent to bring ]Major Andre and myself 
together' was Joshua LI. Smith Esq'' then residing at Haverstraw where the 
Interview was etlected. 

I did not open the intention to Mr Smith but having from various previ- 
ous Conversations discovered M'' Smith's Biases in Favor of the British 
Government and Interests, I hoped everything from his Instrumentality to 
accomplish the Design, which unhappily failed by Incidents too well known 
to the world to need mentioning. 

Given under my hand this 

20'*' Day of Dec' 1784. B. Arnold. 



WHO WAS THE FIRST MINISTER OF MENDON? 

By the Rev. George F. Clark, of Mendon, Mass. 

THE " Annals of the Town of Mendon," by John G., Metcalf, M.D., 
have recently been puljlished in a large octavo volume. The book is 
a very valuable contribution to the local histories of New England, and 
ought to be in the hands of all the natives and residents of the town. In 
one particular, however, relative to the first minister, the annalist, through 
inad>ertence, has fallen into a mistake that should not be overlooked and 
allowed to go down to posterity as a veritable fact. On pages three and 
four of the book may be foimd a report, dated '' 22: 5: 1GC2." of the com- 
mittee having charge of the settlement of the plantation at Netmocke, now 
Mendon. Among the names of those accepted as proprietors, or to whom 
allotments of land were made, a portion of whom are said to be of Brain- 
tree and others of "Weymouth, appears that of " Goodman lirnjjies" of 
Weymouth. The annalist has recorded it as " Rayner," and connected 
with it, in parenthesis, the words ("The Minister"), which do not appear 
in the original record, and are therefore misleading. He assumes, more- 
over, that this man, whose christian name appears to Lave been "John," 
was the first minister of the town. Now the original entry clearly reads 
" Raynes." And in a copy of the first book of records, made by order of the 
town, in 1846, by the annalist himself, the name is rightly written 
" Raynes." 

Furthermore, there is no evidence that Rev. .John Rayner, at one time a 
preacher at Mendon, was ever an inhabitant of Weymouth. His father, 
Rev. John Rayner, was for several years the minister of Plymouth, Mass.,. 
and about 16o.5 removed to Dover, N. 11., where he resided until his death. 
Moreover, the John Rayner, Jr., assumed to have been one of the proprie- 
tors and the first minister of Mendon, was in the year 1CC2 a student in 
Harvard College, and only nineteen years old, having been born at Ply- 
mouth in 1C43. He could not, therefore, have been the man accepted in 
1662 as one of the proprietors of the new town, as no person under age 
woul^ have been. Nor would a boy of nineteen have been called 
" Goodman." 

VOL. XXXT. 14* 



158 Tilio ivas I'irst 3Iinisie7' of Mention 7 [April, 

Again, Eev. Abner ^lorse published in the Genealogical Register (vol. 
ix. p. 51) the names of those who in 1602 were accepted as proprietors 
from Braiutree and "Weymouth, and he gives the name as - Goodman 
Eaynes." 

6u page 19 of the "Annals." under date of July 14, 16G7, mention is 
made of a grant of meadow laud to Col. William Crowne and the present 
viitiister, with others whose names are given. The annalist again assumes 
that " the present minister '' was John Bayner, and puts his name into the 
list ; whereas he is not mentioned by name as receiving a portion of mea- 
dow, nor does his name, so far as we c-an ascertain, appear any where upon 
the town records. The only evidence that John Rayner was ever a preacher 
in Mendon is to be found in a petition of the inhabitants to the General 
Court, dated May IG. 1G69. asking for more meadow land, wherein they 
say : " And now God having given us good hope to enjoy the Gospel & gath- 
er a Church by the help of 3Ir. John Rayner, whose"^ labors we have had 
comfort oUh'ta icinter. & trust hee will settle with us, besides severall good 
people, members of churches, tender themselves to come to us had wee 
meado to supply them." This indicates that 3Ir. Rayner had been preach- 
ing for them, how long? The petitioners say " this winter." AVhat win- 
ter? Most clearly the winter of 1668-9, just past, is meant. Had Mr. 
Rayner been preaching at Mendou three years or more, as the annalist in- 
timates, would the petitioners have been likely to have said simply ''this 
winter"? ' His father died at Dover. X. H., April '20, 1GG9, about a month 
previous to the date of the petition above mentioned. Mr. Rayner doubt- 
less left town near the date of his father's death, and probably never re- 
turned to resume his parochial duties, for on the 22d of July, following, he 
was invited to occupy the pulpit at Dover, made vacant 'by his father's 
death, though he was not ordained there until July 12. 1G71. 

Furthermore, the statement is made in the Genealogical Re'^ister of 
July, 1872, p. 332. by Rev. A. H. Quint, D.D., who is reliable authority, 
that John Rayner, Jr., after graduation in 1GC3, resided for some time at 
Dover, and pursued his theological studies with his father, and was in fee- 
ble health, though some of the time he was an assistant to his father. Hence 
there is hardly a possibility that he could have been at Mendon in 1CG4, as 
the annalist supposes. 

It will, therefore, be readily seen that the mistake relative to the first 
minister arises from the assumption that " Goodman Raynes," of Wey- 
mouth, admitted as a proprietor in 1GC2, was John Rayner the subsequent 
minister. But they were very different persons, as we "shall see. 

There was a John Ranes who married, 2sovember 24, 1659, Mary, the 
daughter of Dea. John Rogers, of Weymouth. And he, in all human 
probability, was the " Goodman Raynes" mentioned in 16C2a3 one of the 
proprietors of 3Iendon, and said to be of Weymouth. In those days the 
same name was frequently spelled ditierently, according to the fixncy of who- 
ever wrote it. Dea. R(r_'..-r.s. in his will, calls his son-m-law ''John Rane.'' 
The name Rayner is also spelled several ditferent ways. All this goes to 
prove that it was '■ Go'xlman Raynes," or '• Ranes," or " Rane," to whom 
laud was allotted in 1GG2. He, however, probably never resided at Men- 
don, as his name, we think, is found no where else on the town records. 

Who, then, was the "present minister" to whom meadow land was as- 
signed in 1667? There may be a little doul^t who he was. Rut the pre- 
sumption is very strong that it was Benjamin Eliot, son of the " Apq^tle 
Eliot," as he is called. At any rate, the first allusion to a minister in the 



1881.] Longmeadoio Families. 159 

town records is under date of '• 24 Aprill 68," whore is found this entry : 
" Ordered to send A letter to give 31' Benjamin Allot A call vi^ his ii'a- 
ther's leave, and A letter sent to y' etiect." Hov\- long he had been preach- 
ing in the town previous to his '• call," is not known. But in those days 
ministers usually preached some months before they were invited to settle. 
Hence Mr. Eliot might have been, and probably was, '' the present minis- 
ter " on July 14th, 1G67. Certainly there is no evidence that anyone 
preached earlier than he. At this time (1G67) he would have been only 
twenty-one years old, having been born June 29, 1G4G. In " ye olden 
tyme " persons sometimes commenced preaching before reaching their ma- 
jority. Mr. Eliot is said to have been a man of great ability as well as 
of ardent piety. He probably did not receive *' his ft'athers leave " to set- 
tle, because his father was very desirous to have him as his own colleague 
or assistant at Roxbury. And he was for some years associated with his 
father in preaching to the Indians. He died in 1687, but was never for- 
mally ordained. 

There is hardly a shadow of doubt that Benjamin Eliot was " the first 
minister " of the town. John Eayner in all probability was the second. 
Then came Rev. Joseph Emerson, who was the first settled pastor of the 
church. 



LOXGMEADOW (MASS.) FAMILIES. 

Commnnicated by ^yILLAKD S. Allen, A.M., of East Boston, Mass. 
[Coatinned from page 27.] 

Sth Generation. Calvin Cooley, son of Stephen and !Mary Cooley, was 
married June 17, 1790, to Eunice Warriner, of West Springfield. He 
died Feb. 19, 1846, age 81. She died Oct. 30, 1842, age 77. James, born 
April 7, 1791. Eunice, born March 21, 1794. Loice, bom Feb. 18, 1798. 
Calvin, born July 14.1799. die<,l March 13, 1867, age 67. I\Iary, born 
Nov. 11, 1804, di'ed Sept. 4, 1808. Lewis, born Jan. 28, 1806, died Sent. 
4, 1808. Alfred, born Sept. 1. 1807. Lewis, born Dec. 23, 1810, and 
died Jan. 2.% 1811. Dinah Warriner, sister of Calvin Cooley 's wife, died 
June 26, 1833, age 72. Eunice married Diamond Colton. Loice mar- 
ried William White. 

\^Page 107.] 5th Generation. Hanan Cooley, son of Stephen and Mary 
Cooley, was married Dec. 19, 1799. to Sarah Booth, daughter of Henry 
and Dorothy Booth, of Enfield. She was born Dec. 5, 1780. Their child- 
ren — Henry Booth, born Dec. b, 1801. Luciiia, born Dec. 18, 1803. 
Ethan, born March 2. 1806. Emeline, born Feb. 12, 1808. 

6th Generation. Alford Cooley, son of Calvin and Eunice Cooley, was 
married Nov. 14. 1833, to Caroline Bliss .Saxton. daughter of Noah and 
Martha Bliss Saxton, of Wilbruham. Their children — Caroline Louisa, 
born April 21, 1835. Martha Bliss, born Sept. 2, 1836. James Calvin, 
born Nov. 5, 1838. Noah Saxton, born Feb. ^, 1842. Mary Ella, born 
April 1, 1847. 

[Pa(/e 108.] oth Generation. Josiah Cooley, son of .Josiah and Expe- 
rience Cooley, was married March 13, 1777, to Abiel Bliss, daughter of 
Col. John Bliss and Abiel his wife, of Wilbraham. He died Feb. 13, 1824, 
age 74. She died July 8, 1830, age 72. Their children — Rebecca, born 



160 Ziongmeadow Faynilies. [April, 

Jan. 7, 177S, died at Granville. John Bliss, born April 17, 1781, died 
Sept. 7, 1786. Sylva, born :March 1-1, 17S5, died at Pittsfield. Lydia, 
born Aug. 2, 178t. died July 31, 1823, age o<o. Lucy, born Dec. 12, 1789. 
John Bliss, born Nov. 3, 17U3, died Nov. 4, 1858, at "Wilbraham. Eliza, 
born June 2, 1799, died Oct. 3, at Brookfield, 1851. Harriet, born Dec. 
19, 1802. Eebecca was married June 22, 1800, to Ilezekiah Robinson, of 
Granville. Sylva was married Jan. 22, 180G, to Ambros Collins. Lucy 
married Luther Colton, Dec. 17, 1809. Harriet married G. Olcott Bliss, 
May 21, 1828. Eliza married Aaron Kimball, of Brookfield, April, 1829. 

6th Generation. Joel Cooley, son of Israel and Deborah Cooley, was 
married to Sarah Olcott, date of their publishment July 4, 1755. Their 
children — Levi, born Feb. 12, 175G. Lucy, born Jan. 8, 1759. Levi, 
born Nov. 1761. Deborah, born June 21, 1764. Gad, born Jan. 25, 1767. 
Walter born — Sally born. Joel Cooley with his family removed to Charles- 
town, state of New Hampshire. 

5th Generation. Jonah Cooley, son of Israel and Deborah, was married 
to Experience Hale, daughter of Thomas and Abigail Hale. They had 
one child, Experience, born Nov. 9, 1780. Experience the mother died 
Way 8, 1782. Jonah Cooley married again to Abigail Keep, daughter of 
Mathew and Abigail Keep, published Feb. 8, 1783. Their children — 
Nabby, born Dec. 18, 1783. Jonah, born March 31, 1785. Leonard, 
borfi Oct. 10, 1786. Ethan, born Sept. 16, 1788. Deborah, born Oct. 
1790. Israel, born Dec. 1792. Jonah Cooley with his family removed 
to Vershire, state of Vermont. 

\^Page 109.] 5th Generation. Samuel Cooley, son of Samuel and Pa- 
tience Cooley, was married to Experience Tubbs, of Middletowu, published 
Nov. 2, 1765. Their children — Samuel, born July 12, 1766. Theodocia, 
born March 28, 1768, died May 21, 1807. Simeon, born May 31, 1770. 
William, born Nov. 19, 1775. Theodocia married Samuel Comes, son of 
Samuel, July 20, 1792. Samuel the father died in the American war with 
G ;eat Britain, Sept. 4, 1777, at Albany. Experience the mother died 
Sept. 26, 1778. The family of Simeon, see below on this page. Lydia 
and stillborn, Dec. 30. Lydia bapt. Jan. 3, 1773. died ]March 20, 1776. 

5th Generation. John Cooley, son of Eli and Mary Cooley, was mar- 
ried Jan. 9, 1788, to ^Martha Lancton, daughter of John and Sarah Lane- 
ton, of West Springfield. Their children — Ileurv, born June 26, 1792. 
Mercy, born Jan. 16, 1794. died May 23, 1812. Polly, born July 1, 1796. 
Betsey, born Aug. 31, 1798. WalteV, born Feb. I,"l804, died June 13, 
1811. Jerusha, born Oct. 8, 1809. Martha the mother died March 9, 
1813, age 45. John Cooley died Jan. 29, 1835, aged 71 years. 

6th Generation. Simeon Cooley, of Longmeadow, son of Samuel and 
Experience Cooley, was married in 1805 to .Sirviah. who had been the wife 
of Luther Lyman, and was the daughter of Samuel Williams Corkins, of 
StaflTord, and Elizabeth his wife. She died July 21, 1862, age 82. Their 
children — Samuel, born Jan. 26, 1806. Theodocia, born Dec. 2, 1807. 
William, born January 22, 1810. Simeon, born October 8, 1815, died 
Jan. 15, 1816. A child born ^Nlarch 19, 1820 (no name given it), died 
March 31, 1820. Emilv, born Oct. 20, 1816. Harriet, "born June 22, 
1822. [Vacant to page"lll.] 

6th Generation. Joseph Whiting Cooley, son of Joseph Cooley and 
Jerusha his wife, of Somers, the grandson of George Cooley, and grc^t- 
grandson of Joseph and Mary Cooley (page 98), who removed from Long- 



1881.] Longmeadow Families. 161 

meadow to Somers. He was married April, 1787, to Flavia Cooley, the 
daughter of llezekiah and Charity Cooley. He was born Sept. 12, 17G7. 
Their children — Jenisha, born Dec. 3, 1787. Jernsha, born March 24, 
1790. "Whiting, born May 20, 1792. Flavia. born Jmie 5, 1794. died 
Jan. 18, 1820. Cyrus and Venus, born Ausi. 11, 179G. Venus died .June 
11, 1829. Joseph Cooley the father died May 31, 18il, age 74. Flavia 
the mother died Feb. 16. 1844. age 82. [Vacant to page 116.] 

Samuel Coomes, son of Richard and Hepsibah Coomes, was born Jan. 
26, 1730, was married May 18. 17G1, to Miriam Hale, daughter of Noah 
and Miriam Hale. Their children — Samuel, born Aug. 30, 1761, died 
June 9, 1816. Silence, born Jan. 22, 1765. died .Jan. 27 of the same year 
1765. "Walter, born April 23, 1766, died Dec. 25, 1842, age 77. Silence, 
born April 17, 1768, died Nov. 7, 1845, age 77, Noah, born Aug. 3, 1770, 
died May 13, 1805. Achsa, born March 10, 1773, died Oct. 3, 1807. 
Moses Newel, born Julv 16, 1775, died Julv 10, 1777. Moses Newel, 
born Dec. 9, 1777, died May 28, 1840. age 62.' Miriam, born Nov. 6, 1782, 
died April 25, 1796. Samuel the father died Dec. 17, 1795, in his 66th 
year. The mother died April 25, 1796, in her 56th year. 

Samuel Coomes, sou of Samuel and Miriam Coomes, was married July 
20, 1792, to Theodocia Cooley, daughter of Samuel and Experience Cooley. 
Their children — Maria, born Nov. 20. 1793, died Ang. 26, 1794. Maria, 
born July 8, 1796. Experience Cooley, born June 24, 1801. Theodocia 
the mother died May 21, 1807. June 10, 1807, the father wished his sec- 
ond Maria to have an addition of Theodocia Cooley to her name, to bear 
the name of her mother. Samuel Cooley died June 9, 1816. 

"Walter Coomes, son of Samuel and Miriam Coomes, was married Jan. 
6, 1790, to Flavia Colton, daughter of Festus and Eunice Colton, Their 
children — Sally, born Oct. 6, 1790, died Nov. 15, 1794. Miriam, born 
Feb. 1, 1793. Sally, born Feb. 18, 1796. Walter, born Jan. 2, 1798, 
died June 5, 1843, age 45. Flavia their mother died Aug. 16, 1799. "Wal- 
ter the ^ather was married again, Dec. 4, 1799, to Abigail Skinner, of East 
"Windsur. Their children — Chauncy Illiss, born Jan. 1, 1801. Flavia 
Colton, born April 25, 1803. Samuel Skinner, born Jan. 12. 18'!>5, died 
Dec. 16, 1866. Achsa, born Aug. 16, 1807. Lucinda, born May 12, 1809. 
Aurelia B., born Dec. 2, 1815, died Nov. 1, 1835. The father died Dec. 
25, 1842. 

\_Paye 117.] Noah Coomes, son of Samuel and Miriam Coomes, was 
married Jan. 13, 1799, to Mary Colton, daughter of Henry and INIary 
Colton. Their children — Samuel Hale, born Oct. 25, 1799. Henry Burt, 
born Dec. 4, 1800. AVilliam, born Oct. 29, 1803. "V^^aker, born Oct. 19, 
1804. Mary, born Jan. 12, 1806. Noah Coomes the flither with his wife 
removed to a place called Aurelius, in the county of Cayuga, state of New- 
York, where all his children were born except the youngest, and where he 
died May 13, 1805. 

John Coomes, son of John and Midwell Coomes, of Enfield, and grand- 
son of Richard and Hepsibah Coomes, was born Dec. '2'2, 1762, was mar- 
ried Feb. 23, 1784, to Joanna Colton, daughter of Thomas and Deborah 
Colton. Their children — Horace, born April 5,1784, Dolly, born Aug. 
9, 1786. Fannie, born Felj. 17, 1789. John, born April 10, 1792, died 
Sept. 23, 1820, age 28. James, born June 26, 1794, died April 4,1867, 
age 73. Alexander, born June 18, 1796. Dinah, born April 21, 1799. 
Bela,born March 14, 1802. Elias, born April 26, 180G. Lucy D., bora 



162 Longmeadoio Families, [April^ 

April 18, 1811. Fannie was married May 18, 1809, to Carlos Nichols, 
of AVest Springfield. 

\^Page 118.] Horatio Coomes, of Longmeadow, son of John and Joan- 
na Coomes, was married Aug. 20, 1807, to Ansa !>. Anaadou, of Wilbra- 
ham. Their children — Horatio, born Oct. 31, 1S07. Edmund, born Oct. 
12, 1809. Hannah Coomes, born Jan. 19, 1812, died Oct. 6, 181 1. Alon- 
zo Coomes, born Mav 28, 1814. Hannah, born Aug. 1, 1816, died Sept. 
19, 1839. Nathaniel, born April 1, 1819. Delia"; born May 1, 1821. 
John Dickenson Dudley, Aug. 24, 1823. Elizabeth, born Dec.'l825, died 
March 10, 1832. Charlotte and George, born Aug. 5, 1828. Adeline, 
born Oct. 28, 1830. 

Isaac Corkins, of Longmeadow, son of Samuel "Williams Corkins and 
Elizabeth his wife, of Stafford, was married Oct. 18, 1801, to Abigail Hale, 
daughter of Thomas and Ann Hale. Their children — Lovice, bora Sept. 
10, 1803, married James Colton. Abigail, born Nov. 22, 180G. Isaac, 
born Oct. 30, 1809. Keuben, born Feb. 21, 1813. Henry Sexton, born 
Feb. 13, 181 G. Emeline Calkins, born Sept. 10, 1818. Eliiia Ann Cal- 
kins, born Jan. 15, 1821. William, born Sept. 9, 1824. 

Aaron Crane, of Longmeadow, son of Hezekiah and Rachel Crane, of 
East Windsor, was born May 8, 1756, was married June 16, 1778, to Mary 
Barber, daughter of Thomas and Jane Barber. She was born Aug. 14, 
1754. Their children — Polly, born May 16.1779. Aaron, born March 
24, 1781. Timothy, born Jan. 28, 1783. Ziba, born March IG, 1785. 
Eli, born Aug. 3, 1787. Jane, born Dec. 24, 1789. Lucina, born Aug. 

19, 1792. Elihu, born Nov. 17, 1794. Hezekiah, born Feb. 1, 1797. 
Almira, born July 18, 1799, died Sept. 6, 1808. Aaron the father died 
July 3, 1826, age 70. 

\_P(:tge 119.] Edward Crandol, son of Peter and , of Enfield, was 

married April 7, 1757, to Dorcas Bement, daughter of Jonathan and , 

of Enfield. Their children — Edward, bapt. ilay 15, 1757, died July 2, 
1757. Lucy, born May 21, 1758, died April 12, 1759. Levi, born Feb. 
1, 17G0. Lucy, born April 10, 1762, died Jan. 22, 1831, age 69. Still- 
'K)rn child, May 4, 1 < Go. Simeon, born May 20, 1766. Mary, born Nov. 

20, 1768. Sarah, born March 5, 1771. Asenah, born Aug. 17, 1773. 
Dorcas the mother died Dec. 29, 1779. Edward the father married again 
to Sarah Brown, of Coventry. He removed to tliat town. They had one 
child named Ethan, born August, 178G. Edward the father died Mav, 
1788. 

Levi Crandol, son of Edward and Dorcas Crandol, was married Jan. 27, 
1791, to Aphia Lad, of Franklin, Conn. He died Nov. 22, 1840. She 
died Feb. 1, 1835. Their children— Oliva, born Nov. 27, 1791, died Feb. 
10, 1838, age 46. Edward, born July 4, 1794, drowned June 26, 1821. 
Simeon and Levi, born Sept 23, 1796. Simeon died May 14, 1798. Levi 
died April 27, 1798. Levi, born June 3, 1799. Sally, May 30, 1801. 

\^Page 120.] Ellhu Dwight, son of Capt. Samuel D wight, was born 
March 22, 1730, and was married to Eunice Horton, daughter of John and 
Mary Horton, of Springfield. Their children— Oliver, born April 14,1769, 
died Aug. 17, 1825. John, born July 12, 1767, died May 2.3, 1812. Eu- 
nice, born April 15, 1761. Mary, born Jan. 31, 1763. Lucy, born Sept. 
10, 1764. Eunice the mother died May 16, 1801. Polly was married to 
Benjamin Powel, July 9, 1788. Elihu Dwight the father died Dec. 19, 
1810, aged 80 years. 

Oliver Dwight, son of Elihu and Eunice, was married July 2, 1797, to 



1881.] Documents concerning Philip I^nglish. 163 

Mehittable Keep, daughter of Mathew and Mehittable Keep. Their child- 
ren — Mehitttable, boru Jan. 5, 1798. Oliver, born Aug. 28, 1799. Daniel, 
born April 22, 1802. John, born Sept. 10, 1803. Eunice, born April G, 
1807, died Sept. 29, 1813. Henry, born Feb. 27, 1810. Norman Dwight, 
born Jan. 30, 1815. Oliver the father died Aug. 17, 1825. [Vacant to 
page 122. J 

[To be continued.] 



DOCU]\IENTS COXCERXIXG PHILIP ENGLISH. 

Commnnicated by Stanley Waters, A.M., of Salem, Mass. 

THE following documcuts are from [the Massachusetts State 
Arcliives, vol. xi. 

The pet° to Hon. Lieut. Gov. Dummer of Mass. Bay, of David Mossom 
Clerk, Minister of the Church of England in Marblehead in behalf of Phi- 
lip P^nglish humbly sheweth, 

That the said Philip English having as frequently as he could froin the 
first erecting the church at Marblehead resorted to the Public Worship of 
God at the said Church of which suthcient prof has been made to me by 
the Testimony of many Persons before I had the Charge of said Church and 
from my becoming Minister thereof for more than six years past, upon my 
own knowledge do declare that he the said Philip English has (during the 
SuiTier season especially) frequently come to Church .... and the 
Reasons of his not coming sa constantly as his Inclinations led him was 
the utter impossibility of getting over the ferry on the Lord's day, notwith- 
standing which he the said Philip English was three weeks since committed 
Prisoner to his Maj^' Goal in Salem, and is to this day there closely con- 
fined for non payment of an assessment made for the support of the minis- 
ter of said Town of Salem he in his defence declaring to the collectors 
that he 1- .longed to the Church at Marblehead and contributed to the sup- 
port of the minister thereof, and of myself I would further observe to your 
honour that the Collectors having not exacted this Rate of him for tive years 
past, no probable Reason can be assigned for their surceasing it but the pre- 
sumption that he did belong to the Church at Marblehead, &c. &c. 
Boston, Feb. 11, 1724. 

Jane English at present of Salem but born in the Isle of Jersey, of full 
age testifyeth & deposeth, that from my arrival in Xew England live years 
and six months since, having lived in the house of my uncle M'' Philip 
English of Salem, he always professed himself to belong to the Church of 
England at Marblehead, and that he and I went very frequently together 
to the said Church, I having been in full Coiriunion with the Church in 
Jersey, entered into the same with the church there, & the only thing which 
' prevented our constant going, if in health, was the want of a ferry boat on 
the Lords (day) over the River. 
Salem Fe^ 9 ; 1721-5. 

Thomas AYhite ferryman between Marblehead & Salem aged twenty 
(seventy ?) nine years testifieth & saith that I have often heard Mr. Philip 
English of Salem, for the space of six years or more last past declare that 



164 Boicdoin Papers. [April, 

he would go to the Church of Englnud at Marblehead oftener than he did if 
he could and therefore was desirous of agreeing with me to carry him over 
the ferry by the year as often as winds c*c weather would permit, but I re- 
fiised tending the ferry on the Lord's day. 
Salem Feb. 9, 1724-5. 

John Abbot of Salem shoreman aged seventy years testifyeth and depo- 
seth That during my acquaintance of many years with ]\P Philip Englisli of 
Salem who is now a Prisoner in the said Town Goal, I have heard him the 
said English declare, that he was bred & born in the Coiiiunion of the 
Church of England, and that he would go to no other publick worship 
willingly, and if he had opportunity to go to a Church agreeable to which 
when the Church was erected at 3Iarblehcad, he the said English & I have 
frequently gone thither together from that Time down to this, and further 
there lying a ferry between this Town and !Marblehead, over wliich the 
ferryman could by no means be prevailed upon to carry us. every Lords 
day, he the said English has several times spoke to me to be partner with 
him in a Boat that we might go thither constantly to Church. 

Salem Feb^^ 9 : 1724-0. John Abbot. 

The result of this petition was the writing of "Letters to Coll. 
Brown & Coll. Turner, Feb. 12, 1724-5," one of which ran — 

Sir, 

This is by Order of the Honble. the L' Gov' & Council to desire you 
would use your best Endeavours to have the Affair of Mr. English speedily 
compromised & the 3Ian discharged from his Imprisonment ; "Wch the 
Board apprehend of great Consequence to the General Interest of this 
Province, And that a very ill use will be made of the Proceedings against 
him unless he have some speedy redress. 

I am w'^ g* Respect Sir, 

Y' humble Serv'. 



^ BOWDOIX PAPERS. 

Communicated by Stanley Waters, A.M., of Salem, Mass. 

^jHHE following documents I found some twenty years ago in an 
-L early volume of tlie Essex Registry of Deeds. 

They throw some light on the early passage to tliis country of 
Pierre Boudouin, a Huguenot refugee from Kochelle, the ancestor 
of the Bowdoins, Winthrops and others. 

Salem, Nov. 9, 1686. 
Know all men by these pr'sents I Peter Bowden in my owne right, & 
as true & lawfuU atturney unto John Chadwine being both late of y^ city 
"Wexford in Ireland & now residentery in Salem in y* county of Esses 
& colony of y^ ilassathusetts in New En-jland, for & in consiileration of y* 
full & just same of forty pounds lawfull & currant money of New England, 
to me in hand paid by Capt. John Price, one fourth part John Ruck one 
fourth part, Lt. Thomas Gardner one fourth part, & Charles Redford one 
fourth part at «S; before y" signing sealing & delivering of these presents, 



1881.] Boiccloin Papers. 165 

wherewith I confess mjselfe fully sattisfied contented & payd, have in my 
owne right three quarteis & as attorney unto Juo. Chadwine aforesd in his 
right one quarter bargained & sold . . . unto ye aforesd .... 
merchants one barque or small ship of burdhen about twenty tuns, be she 
more or less, caled ye John lately of Dublin & there recorded according to 
instruraeut baring date in Dublin July 17'^ Anno: Dom: lG8-i, To have & 
to hold ... ye hull of sd. barque or ship, with all her masts, yards, 
riggin, sales, cables, & anchors, with all other appurtenances of any kind 
DOW belonging unto y* sd. barque or att her first arrival in y^ harbour in 
Salem. . . . further I y^ sd Bodouin for myselfe & as atturuey to 
John Chadeayn aforesaid . . . will give possession. ... I have 
hereunto sett my hand & scale this i** 2s\n'ember Ann: Dom: 1GS6, An- 
noque Regni Regis Domini Xostri Jacobi Secundi Secundo. 

Peter Baudouix & a seale. 

Signed, sealed, in ye pr'sence of us. 

' ' ■ Sarauell Beadle. 

Robert Bartoll. 

Salem, November 11*^ 1686. 
Peter Baudouin personally appearing acknowledged . . . before me 
BARxnoLOMEAV Geuney, One of his Majesties 
Councill for his Territory & dominion of New England. 

Port TTexford. 

Know yee y' Peter Bodwin merchant hath here laden on bord 

A seale. ye .John of Dublin Alie Rambert ]Mr. for Pensilvania hence : 

nineteene barrells of beef, two tunns of shipp beer two hundred 

w't. of butter, two hundred w't. cbees, halfe a hundred w't. can- 

A seale. dies, one barrell peas, one barrell of beanes, twenty hundred w't. 

bread, forty yards frize, for all which his ^Majesties duties has 

been payed as witness our hands & seals of Ollice, this sixth day 

of ]May one thousand, six hundred eighty and six. 1G86. 

Richard iS'ixon 

Custo. M' & Comp*. C^SAR Colclough* Coll'. 

To all to whome these pr'sents shall come : 

Sir Humphrey Jarvis Knt. Lord Mayor of y* city of Dublin send greet- 
ing : Know yee & I doe hereby certifie y' John Chadeyne master of ye 
John of Dublin, Peter Arondos & Peter Rolos, mariners, came over from 
France by reason of ye persecution, and by vertue of an act of parliament 
are admitted amongst us as inhabitants of this city, enjoying ye privilidges 
& imunities of free born subjects of this Kingdom. 

Given under my hand & the seall of y* Mayoralty of this city, C"' July ; 
1682. 

A seale. Humph: Jarvis. 

with this inscription 

Sigillum ^laioratus 

Civitatis Dubliui. 

* Pronounced " Cokeley " in Wexford I found in 1874. The family bnrying-ground is 
not far from Tiutem Abbey in the same county. 

TOL. XXXV. 5 



166 Deposition of Henrij Mare. [April, 

Port Dublin. 

Pursuant to an act of Parliament, made in ye 12* yeare of his Majestaies 
raigne entituled an act for y^ encouraging and encreas of shipping & navi- 
gation : -n-liereas it is required that all forraigne built ships y' shall be deem- 
ed or have ye benefit of a ship to England, Ireland, Wales, or towne of Bar- 
wick or any of them, shall first be made appear to the otHcers of y* customs 
of y* next port to the place of his or their aboad, by ye porsonall oatlie of 
ye owners and proprietors thereof, that she doth really belong to them, 
& no part of her doth either directly or indirectly belong to forraigners: 
now Know ye that Peter Bodouin a protestant stranger and made a deni- 
sen of this city of Dublin pursuant to y* act of parliament in y' case made 
and provided, & now inhabitant of ye town of Wexford, came this day be- 
fore us & hath deposed on ye Holy Evangelists y' ye Ship or barque now 
caled ye John of Dublin, whereof John Chadeayne is master, being a for- 
raigne built ship, being twenty tunn burthen or thereabouts, doth wholy & 
solely belong to him ye said Peter Baudouin & that no foraigner hath 
. . . any share or part of her ; . . . wherefore ye sd. ship John of 
Dublin is to be reputed a ship really belonging to Dublin, and is to enjoy 
as much benefit & privilidge as any ship belonging to Ireland : wittuess 
our hands & seals of office, this l?"" day July 1GS4, & in ye thirty-sixth 
yeare of ye raigne of our Soveraigne Lord, Charles ye second, of P2nglaud 
&c. King. Sylvaxus Stuikop 

W° Airy D. Sur' Gen'l and 

D. Cust. & Coll' D. Com' 

& a seale. & a seale. 

Salem, November: 15: 1686. 
I doe acknowledge by these presents, I constiued my atturney Mr. Peter 
Bodouin my friend, and give him power to sold the quart: belonging to me 
of y* good ship called y° John of Dublin, under 30 tunn or thereabout, for 
:uch price as y* sd. Bodoin shall think fitt, & to receive the money & given 
receipt of it, & I will approved of ye same, in Salem the 15"^ of October, 
1686. JOHX CUADEATNE & a scall. 

Wittnis pr'sent 
Loeneuef 
John Baudouin. 



DEPosmoN OF Henry Mare. — The following deposition Ls copied from the Suf- 
folk County Court files : 

Ilenry Mare aged 3S yeares or thereabouts testifieth & saith that I heard M'' Na- 
thaniell Patten of Dorchester now deceased) say upon his death bed that hee had 
given to his Cuusea Benjamin Beale all that at Boston com'only called by the name 
of Halsys' wharfe &, that hce should haue all that hee had at Dorchester after that 
hee & his wife was dead & further this Deponent saith that hee heard m'' Nathaniel! 
Patten say that hee would not i^ive to his Cousen Thomas Patten nor to his brother 
•John Patten any thing of his Estate & further saith not. 
Sworn in Court Feb'y: 1: 1672 
Attest I. A. C. 

Tbie is a true Cpppie of the Originall on file. 

as Attests Is» Addingto.v Cler. 



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1881."] William Diodate and his Italian Ancestiy. 167 



MR. WILLIAM DIODATE (OF NEW HAYEX FROM 1717 TO 

1751) AND HIS ITALIAN ANCESTRY. 

Abstract of a Paper read before the New Haven Colony 

Historical Society, June 28, 1875, with some Additions. 

By Prof. Edward E. Salisblrt, LL.D., of New Haven, Conn. 

WHEN, in the year 1821, it bad been decided to obliterate from the 
Public Square all traces of the ancient burial-ground of New- 
Haven, among the monuments removed to the Cemetery on Grove 
Street, were those, as a contemporaneous document* informs us, of Mr. 
"William Diodate and his relict Sarah. To preserve the memory of certain 
interesting facts connected with this name, which have been lately brought to 
light — carrying us back, through England and Switzerland, to the Italy of 
the Middle Ages, the following paper has been prepared. 

It will be proper to begin with bringing together a few items from New 
Haven records, respecting AVilliam Diodate himself, for which we are in- 
debted to researches of the late Henry White, of all New-Haveners of 
recent times the most familiar with the history of his native town. The 
first notice of William Diodate, in our town-records, is in 1717, when a 
deed of land to him, dated April 23, 1717, is recorded. On the 4th of 
March, 1719-20, he purchased half an acre on the corner of Elm and 
Church streets, where the " blue meeting-house" afterwards stood — which he 
sold Jan. 7, 1720-1. He was married Feb. 16, 1720-1, to Sarah Dunbar, 
daughter of John Dunbar, of New Haven, by his first wife, whose name 
is unknown ; and in the mouth of May following he purchased his home- 
lot, on State street, on the south-west corner of what is now Court street, 
containing l^ acre, with a house and a small barn on it, for £100. In 
1728-9, Feb. 24, he purchased a vacant lot adjoining, next south, contain- 
ing If acre, for £75 ; and about the year 1735 several tracts of outlands 
were added to his real estate. His will, dated May 26, 1747, with a codi- 
cil dated March 9, 1748-9, was proved on the 13th of May, 1751, in which 
year, therefore, he probably died ; for, though the grave-stone of his " relict " 
Sarah, who survived him seveial years, still exists,! his own has not been 
found, so that the exact death of his death is not ascertained. Thus much is 
an outline of what the town-records tell us with regard to our subject. 
From the records of the First Church of New Haven we also learn that 
he made profession of his Christian faith on the 20th of March, 1735, under 
the ministry of Rev. Joseph Noyes ; and that his wife had joined the same 
church more than twenty years before, on the 16th of April, 1713, several 
years before her marriage ; a tankard which, till within a short time, made 
part of the communion-service of plate owned by the First Church, was her 
gift, and bore her name. 

An item of special interest to us in the will of William Diodate and the 
inveytory connected with it, is the following : " Item — all such books as I 

• Proceedings of the City of New II:iven in the Rennoval of Monuments from its An- 
cient Burying Ground, etc.,' New Haven, 1822, p. 26. 

_t The Ins-eription on her frravcstone re:ids as follows : " In memory <if Mrs. Sarah 
Diodate, relict of Mr. William Diodate, who departed this life the 2oth of April, I7C1, in 
the 75th year of her age." 



168 WiUiam Diodate and his Italian Ancestry. [April, 

shall die possessed off. which shall have the following Lattin words wrote 
in them with my own hand-writing, viz. : ' Usque quo. Domine,' I give and 
devise unto my said son-in-law 3Ir. Stephen Johnson, to use and improve 
during his natural life, and at his death I give and devise y^ same to my 
grandson Diodate Johnson, to be at his dispose forever." Seventj'-six 
volumes, mostly theological works, were thus bequeathed, valued at £20.6.7 
— certainly, in themselves, a remarkable collection of books for that time, 
fitted to awaken curiosity respecting its possible origin ; and this the more 
when one notices, by the inventory, that among these volumes were '' Mr. 
Diodate's Annotations," and " Le 3Iercier's History of Geneva.'"* Could 
it be, one might ask. that the author of those Annotations, the celebrated 
divine of Geneva, of the time of the Reformation, was a relative of our New 
Haven testator of the same name ? and did William Diodate, one might 
further inquire, make an heirloom of his library, as the words of his will 
imply, not only on accouut of its being so rarely large for a hundred and 
twenty-five years ago, but also on account of family-associations with it ? and 
was tlie sentiment, expressed by the motto vvhich he wrote in each volume, an 
inheritance of the spirit of ancestors who bad with "long patience" strug- 
gled for freedom of faith, in those times of conflict and peril ? An athrma- 
tive answer to the first of these inquiries, which sugf:cested itself, indeed, 
some time since, to one of the descendants of our William Diodate, but 
which we are now first able to make on satisfactory grounds, almost inevita- 
bly leads to the same reply to all of them. 

It is to be notictd, further, that his residence in the colony of Connecti- 
cut must have dated from a yet earlier period than that of the first appear- 
ance of his name on the town-records of New Haven ; for a copy of Dr. 
Diodati's Annotations, presented to the Collegiate School at Saybrook in 
1715, was his gift: possibly, he may have been drawn to New Haven by 
a hereditary appreciation of academic learning, as well as by the new busi- 
ness-life growing out of the first establishment of the college here ; the 
very year in which he is first heard of in New Haven was that of the re- 
moval of the Collegiate School from Saybrook. and its beginning here, to be 
known — from the next year onward — as Yale College. 

Crossing, now. to the shores of England, whither the personal history of 
this oM New-IIavLii./r carries us, we take with us, as our chief thread of 
connection, some records, still existing in a Bible which belonged to 
William Diodate in the year 1728, in his own hand-writing, which inform us 
that his father's name was John, and his mother the eldest daughter of John 
Morton, Elsq., by Elizabeth, only child of John Wicker, and the wid- 
ow of Alderman Cranne (as we read) of London; and that he had a 
brother John, older than himself, and a sister Elizabeth. f In addition to 
these records, we have the accepted family-tradition that, after having been 
in America for some years, without communication with his relatives in the 

* Rev. Andrew Le Mercier cnme to this conntrv in 171o, and became the pastor of a 
French Protestant chunh in Bo-ton. " In 1732 he "puljlished a minute and iiiterL-stinir his- 
tory of ttie Geneva Cliiireh. in live boolc-, r2mo., 200 pa-'ps ; also, in tlie same volume, 
• A Geojrraphic d and Political Account of the Reputiliciv of Geneva,' 76 pages." See New 
Engl. Hist, and Gcneal. Rcfed-ter, xiii. 31-5-24. 

t Ttie record stands thus: " William Diodatc's Book, August 24, 1723. The owners of 
this Bible have been: 1. Mr. Jolin Wicker; 2. Alderman Cranne of London, who mar- 
ried his only child ; 3. John Morton. E-quire, her second husband: 4. Mr. John Diodate, 
who married his ehle.-t dau;;hter; 5. John Diodate, M.D., his eldest son ; G. Elizabeth 
Diodate, his sister, and by her given to 7. William Diod tte, her brother, Aug. y« 24, 1723, 
and by him given to his dear and only child [so far in W. D.'s hand-writinKj ; 8. P^hza- 
beth Diodate, who was married July 2G, 1744, to Mr. Stephen Johnston, of Newark in Est 
Jersie, etc. etc." 



1881.] Winia7n Diodate and his Italian Ancestry. 169 

old country, he at length went back, and found his father and brother had 
died, and that he himself had been supposed to be dead, so tliat his claims 
to property, as a member of the family, were set aside ; whereupon he ac- 
cepted from his sister, by way of compromise, an otFer '• to supply his store in 
New Haven with goods as long as slie lived," which she did, not only during 
his lifetime, but afterwards, uhile his widow lived, who continued the busi- 
ness ; and we also have the will of the sister, under her married name of Eliza- 
beth Scarlett, dated Feb. 23, 17G8, in which large bequests are made to the 
daughter of her deceased brother in !New England and her children. These 
materials for tracing the ancestry of our subject were put into the hands of 
the distinguished American antiquary Col. Joseph L. Chester, long resident 
in London ; who added to them others, of great value, from wills and let- 
ters of administration recorded in Doctors' Commons, and from the records 
of se%-eral London Parishes, etc. 

Meanwhile, recourse was had, also, to a branch of the Diodati family 
still residing in Geneva, through the kind intervention of Rev. Dr, Leonard 
W. Bacon, now of Norwich, Conn., formerly a sojourner in that city — 
which led to the discovery there of a large mass of most interesting family- 
papers, distinctly showing the Diodatis to have been an old Italian family, 
tracing back their history to Lucca, in the Jliddle Ages, and marking the 
race as one of high rank, in all its generations, with so many individual 
names of distinction belonging to it as have rarely appertained to a single 
family ; preserving, too, in honor, the memory of an English offset, though 
without knowledge of the American branch. We owe the privilege of using 
these papers chiefly to Mr. Gabriel C. Diodati, of Geneva, who most 
courteously met and furthered the inquiries of our friend Mr. Bacon, be- 
sides assisting us otherwise. This friend also sent us a Life of John Dio- 
dati (Vie de Jean Diodati, Theologien Genevois, 1576-1649) by E. de 
Bude, Lausanne, 1369 — from which we have derived further aid in tracing 
William Diodate's descent. We have drawn, also, from a Dutch mono- 
graph : Jean Diodati. door Dr. D. G. J. Schotel, 's Gravenhage, 18-44, to 
which De Bude refers for details, which is, evidently, the basis of his own 
publication, and for which the author had the use of f:\mily-papers. David 
L. Gardiner, Esq., connected with the Diodati family by his marriage, 
lately a resident of Geneva, now of New Haven, has also aided our 
investigations. 

Our information from all sources harmonizes so satisfactorily tliat no 
essential fact would seem to be wanting. But the settlement of the nearer 
ancestry of our subject is mainly due to a happy combination suggested by 
Col. Chester. 

The most ancient records of the Diodatis tell us that the first of their 
race who settled in Lucca, Cornelio by name, came there from Coreglia in 
tlie year 1300.* Whether he came as one of the nobility, or the old landed 
proprietors, to throw the weight of his influence on that side, in the great 
strife for power in the Italian cities, between those who held the soil and 
those whose claims to consideration were based only on the possession of 
wealth acquired bv commerce, we are not informed. But, inasmuch as within 
the last twent}' years of the 13th century, according to Sismondi,t that strife 
for power had ended with the absolute exclusion of the nobility from all 

• Coreglia is a small ca=tle-town mth dependent territory, on the torrent-worn declivity 
of the Appenines, atjout twent)' miles north of Lucca : s. Repetti^ Dizion. Gcogr. Eisico 
Storico della Toscma, i. 796 ff. 

t Histoire des Republiques Italieaaes du Mojen Age, iv. 164,. 

VOL. IXXV. lO* 



170 William Diodate and his Italian Ancestry. [April, 

control in the republics of Italy ; and as we find tlie representative of the 
fourth generation of Diodatis of Lucca, named Michele, to have been an 
Ancient, or one of the Supreme Signoria, four times Gonfolonier. i. e. the 
Chief Magistrate of the republic, and a Decemvir in 1370 (tlie very 
year of a revival of popular liberty in Lucca, after fifty-six years of servi- 
tude through the prevalence of the Ghibelliue party), while his fatlier, 
Alessandro, seems to be remembered only as a physician — the probability 
is tliat wliat led to the origi-^al settlement of the family in Lucca was no 
ambition to assert prescriptive right, but rather that new sense of widening 
opportunity for the improvement of one's condition and culture, which then 
animated Italian city-life, and was destined, under the tavoring circum- 
stances of the age, to bring upon the theatre of history all those names 
which have added most to the glory of Italv in art and learning. 

The year 1300. indeed, is memorable not only as marking an important 
political and social crisis, but as a noteworthy epoch in the history of Ita- 
lian architecture, painting and poetry. From 1204 to 1300, the year in 
which he died, Arnolfo was directing the construction of the Santa Maria 
del Fiore, the cathedral-church of Florence, of which the dome was after- 
wards completed by Brunelleschi ; about the year 1300, Andrea Pisano 
was at work on his gates of the Baptistery of Pisa ; Giotto, too, was pass- 
ing from his shepherd-life, to carry into the art of painting a new inspira- 
tion derived from converse with simple nature ; and that same year was the 
time when Dante wended his way amid the soul-harrowing and soul-absorb- 
ing scenery of the regions of the dead. Evidently, the age was preeminent 
for intellectual movement ; and it is not a little interesting to associate with 
this movement, as we so naturally may. the comuig in of our Diodatis to take 
part in the city-life of Lucca, wlio were, in generations to come, not only 
there but in foreign lands, to prove themselves an eminently stirring race. 
by public services, literary, professional, civil, military and diplomatic, in 
eminent positions in State and Church, almost always on the side of liberty 
and truth. 

Passing over the son of the Decemvir of 1370, Dr. Nicolb Diodati, who 
died in 1442, we come to a generation of fifteen chil'dren of his, by mar- 
riage with Francesca di PogL^o. among whom the third by birth, named 
Michele, born in 1410, who married Caterina Buonvisi, was a professor in 
Padua and Pisa — probably of medicine, and afterwards a physician in 
Lucca, where he was pensioned on 300 livres by the city ; and another, 
Antonio, born in 1416. held the office of Ancient, and was Gonfalonier in 
1461. 

The race seems to have been continued only through Alessandro, son of 
the Professor Michele, born in 1459 ; his son Geronimo, born in 14G5, who 
was an eminent literary man, and nine times Ancient, having died childless, 
and no descendants of his third son. Antonio, who was three times Ancient 
and four times Gonfalonier, being named. Alessandro was repeatedly Gon- 
falonier from 1494 ; the mother of his children was Angela Balbani, whom 
he married in 1510, she being then fifteen years old, and he fifty-one. 
Now began those encroachments upon the fair domain of liberty and culture 
in Italy by foreign powers, which culminated in the overtlirow of Italian 
independence under the Emperor Charles 5th in the middle of the lOth 
century. But with this new political inJiuence from beyond the Alps there 
came, also, the seeds of evangelical truth ; and " in the first half of the 
16th century," by the blessing of God upon the zealous labors of the eru- 
dite and devout Peter Martyr Vermigli, says De Bude, " no city of Italy 



1881.] William Diodatc and his Italian Ancestry. 171 

counted so many devoted evangelical Christians as the capital of the repub- 
lic of Lucca ; "* and a reformed church was founded there, vrhich the Dio- 
dati family was known to favor, though, apparently, without an open de- 
parture from the old fold until a somewhat later period. 

In 1541, the Emperor Charles oih and Pope Paul 3d had their memora- 
ble interview at Lucca on the aflairs of Germany, the emperor being then 
in the mood to favor Protestan'.ism for his own ambition's sake ; when Mi- 
chele Diodati, one of several sons of the last named Alessandro, born in 
1510, was Gonfalonier, and, as the family-tradition runs, lodged the empe- 
ror in his palace, i. e. the palace of the Signoria. Just then was born to 
the chief magistrate of the republic his third son, by his wife Anna, daugh- 
ter of Martiuo Buonvisi ; the emperor, continues the tradition of the family, 
stood godfather to this child, baptized by the pope, and gave him his own 
name, together with the lordship of two counties, and a quartering from 
the imperial arms, and, on his departure, left behind him for the child one 
of his insignia of diamonds which he wore about his neck.f This Carolo 
Diodati was sent in his youth to Lyons, to serve an apprentisage in one of 
the banking-houses of the Buonvisi, his mother's family ; became a fre- 
quenter of the reformed preaching there, and at heart a Protestant ; but 
the massacre of St Bartholomew drove him out of France, and he took 
refuge in Geneva, where he was tenderly received and entertained by the 
.pastor of the church of Italian refugees, already established there, Nicolo 
Baluani, was aduiitted into the church, became a citizen of Geneva on ihe 
29th of December, 1572, and contracted a second marriage with ]Marie 
daughter of Vincenzo Mei,t by whom he had four sons, Joseph, Theodore, 
Jean and Samuel, and three daughters, Anne, Marie and Madeleine. 

• De Bude, p. 10. 

t In J. B, Rietstap's Armorial General, Gondo, 1861, vrt find the following : " Deodati 
— Lucques, Suisse, Ncerl. Part: au 1 de gu. un lion d'or; au 2 fasce d'or et de gu. ; C: le 
lion, iss.; D: Deus dcdit." A family-document preserved at Geneva informs us with re- 
spect toGiulio Diod:Ui, grandson of a brother of that Michele who entertained the Empe- 
ror Charles in his palace, that " L'Empereur [Ferdinand 2d] pour reconnoitre lc» grands 
ct importants services qu'il lui avait rendus, le fit comte, et que, si'l ne se marioit pas, le 
titre passeroit a ses collateraux, et permit a la famille d'augmenter leurs armes d'une dou- 
ble aigle Imperiale " — forming, accordingly, the background and crest in a blazon of the 
Diodati arms which is attached to a Patent of Joseph 2d, presently to be mentioned. An 
older coat, identical with Rietstap's description, except that the left of the shield, in he- 
raldic language, is barry of six pieces, instead of fesse or and gules, is still to be seen, in 
stone, over th"e door of a palace in Lucca, now known as the Orsctti, which must, there- 
fore, have been the old home of the family ; and the point of difference here indicated may 
show, perhaps, what was the quartering granted by Charles 5th. The family in Geneva, at 
the present time, use the arms of whicii an engraving is given with this paper, substan- 
tially the same with the blazon in the Patent of Joseph 2J, though slightly dilfering from 
that in the execution of details, and believed by the family to be so far more correct: the 
terms of the grant to Giulio Diodati by Ferdinand 2d would seem to authorize any 
branch of the family to use the imperial double eagle as part of their arms. 

X From a note already printed in the REGisTER^for April, 1878, is extracted the following 
account of the Mei familv, given by one of the family of May. 

" The Mey family of Lucca is entirely alien to us, as is easily proved by the difference of 
name (theirs bcing'Mey or Mei, ours dei Maggi) and of origin (they coming from Lucca, 
we from Brescia), by the diti'erent coats of arms (their escutcheon being divided into two 
parts, the upper of deep blue, the lower of deep yellow, with a hunted wild-boar in the 
middle), and by the entire absence of associations." . . . There came from the Ilcpublic 
of Lucca [in Ja'nuary, 173o] a document signed bv the Grand Chancellor, which contained 
the testimony of the Government of Lucea that the Mei family was counted as one of the 
nobility, that several members of it had been Grand Councillors, Ancients and Gonfalo- 
niers, among others, Blaise, Laurence, Emile and Philippe. It was added that on the 2lst 
of January, IG2S, there had been made a catalogue of the noble families of Lucca, in which 
the Meis were included. . . . The Mei family expatriated itself fram Lucca in the middle 
of the sixteenth century, for religion's sake. Biagio (Blaise) Mei e:^tabiished iiimself in 
1544 as a merchant at Lyons. His son Vincenzo, married to a daughter of Martino 
Bernardini, came to Geneva in 1550, together with one of his relatives named Cesare, who 



172 William Diodate and his Italian Ancestry. [April, 

But, before we pursue the fortunes of this branch of the family, which 
especially interests us, on account of descendants of the name in Eng- 
land and America, three other lines claim our notice. First, iNIichele 
the Goufiilonier of 1541 had a brother 2sicol6, born in 1512. who 
married Elisabeta daughter of Gerbnimo Arnoltini, and by her h-'^ a son, 
Ponipeio, born in 1542, "qui Pompeius " to quote a faniilv jcument 
♦' Catholica pejerata Fide, Genevam se contulit." Fompeio - s married 
in Italy to Laura daughter of Giuliano Calandrini, and settle at Geneva 
with his wife and mother in 1575,* all having previou" ^ joined the 
reformed congregation which originated at Lucca under x-'eter Martyr, 
and having been compelled to quit their native land, with other families, by 
the new zeal of Pius 5th in league with Philip 2d.t As to the descend- 
ants of Fompeio Diodati, beside a son Eli, who became an eminent jurist, 
be had a son Alessandro, who was a distinguished physician, at one 
time physician in ordinary to Louis loth of France, who himself had 
a son Jean, and a grandson Gabriel; and in 1719 this Gabriel re- 
ceived from Louis 15th, •' by the grace of God King of France and 
Navarre," a patent still preserved in the family, recognizing the Diodatis 
as one of the most ancient and noble families of Lucca, which for several 
centuries had held the honors and dignities peculiar to nobility, and allied 
itself with noble fitmilies in Lucca and Geneva, without having ever dero- 
gated from its dignity ; and empowering them, accordingly, to hold certain 
lands in the Pays de Gex, which th3y could not enjoy without the royal 
grant. Possibly these lands are the same, or in part the same, which, as 
we shall see, had been bequeathed by a grandson of the namesake of Charles 
5th, who had died thirty-nine years before, a bachelor, to whichever of his 
nephews should go to Geneva to live : neither of them having fulfilled this 
condition, and his will not having provided for the case, the bequest lapsed ; 
and a royal grant may have been, consequently, applied for, in favor of a 
collateral branch of the family. In the latter half of the last century, 

had been of the Grand Council of Lncca from 1544 to 1-54S, and twice acted as Ancient. The 
wife of Cesarc was named Peilegrina Galiaretti. In 1560 Vincenz.o Mei became a citizen 
of Geneva, where other families oi Lucca, the Torrettini, Micheli, Burhimachi and the Pas- 
savanti, had settled contemporaneously with the Meis. Lucca liad been for some time the 
last refuge of the Gospel in Itair, .ind it was from this city that the Jesuits drove away the 
families that maintained the rnost independence, and which were, in part, also of the 
noblest stocks of Italy. Vincenzo Mei bec.ime a member of the Grand Council of Geneva 
in 156S. Horatio was" one of his ?ix children, who, on the 1st of January, 1596, was called 
to Berne to make an attempt to estibli-h the silkworm in the Canton de Vaud. This same 
Horatio is reckoned anion? the celeiirities of Lvons as a merchant or manufacturer of silk 
stuffs ; I think he was al?o made a citizen of Berne. After some time the Meis became 
extinct in Geneva ; the last of the name in Lucci, of the male line, Ornofrio, bishop of 
Bisignano, died in 1G64." 

The Vincenzo Mei here named is doubtless the father of Marie M. who was married to 
Carolo Diodati. 

* Schotel, p. 125. 

t "The emigrations be?an from the year 1555. Thev were favored by the habit of trav- 
elling, at different times in the year, to which the Luccans were compelled bv their multi- 
plied commercial relations. Among the first to exile themselves were Vincenzo Mei, 
Philippo Rustici, Paolo Arnoltini, Nicolo Balbani, Francesco Micheli, Maria Mazzei, 
Christoforo Trenta, Guglielmo Eail;ani, Scipione Calandrini, Vincenzo del Muratori, and 
their families, who wore f^Uowt-d successively by Paolo Minutoli, Simone Siinoni, 
Salvatorc Franceschi, Antonio L'sna, Giuseppe Jova and Virginio Sbarra. The Buonvi-is, 
the Diodatis, the Saladinis, the Cenamis, the Turretini, and many others, did not leave 
till later." — Kynard, Lucca et les Burlamacchi, Pari-;, 1848, p. 93. This writer well adds, 
p. 202: " In exiling her children Lucca degraded herself just in proportion as Geneva wa.s 
exalted in opening to them her traterf. The life of the one of these two republics seems 
to pass into that of the other. The cardinal Giulio Spinola, bishop of Lucca, was him- 
self alarmed at this decadence, when in 1679 he wrote to the Laccan refugees in Geneva, 
to beg them to return to their country," 



1881.] William Diodate and his Italian Ancestry. 173 

however, a liueal descendant of one of those nephews built the castle of 
Vernier, in the bailiwick of Gex — probably, therefore, on the Gex estate 
of the Diodatis. which, at his death, was sold, and soon after passed, by a 
second sale, to the Naville family, who hold it now. The " uilder of the 
Diodati villa, a little way up lake Leman from Geneva, whi was occupied 
by Lord Byron, and is still in the family, was a Gabriel C lati, probably 
the same who received this grant from Louis loth. Th' line of direct 
descent from Pompeio Diodati came to an end, by the death f Count Jean 
Diodati. in 1807.* 

;N'ext is to be noted, that Pompeio Diodati had a brother \icol6, who, in 
the family-records, appears as having attained to high digLities under the 
new order of things in Italy (though at one time, apparently, an emigrant 
to Geneva for religion's sake),t and had, beside many other children, two 
sons, Giovanni and Giulio, of whom the former became a Knight Templar 
and Prior of Venice, and the latter a " Summus Copiarum Pntfectus." or 
Major General, of the Emperor B^erdinand 2d. the Catholic, the leailer of 
the Catholic party in the beginning of the Thirty Years' "War, as appears 
from the inscription on a monument in the Church of St. Augustiue in 
Lucca. This branch of the family, also, is now extinct. 

Another branch of the family which retained its hold upon the old home 
in Italy, and possessed a long inheritance of worldly honors, came of Otta- 
viano Diodati, a brother of the namesake of the Emperor Charles 5th, born 
in 1.555, who married, at Genoa, Eleonora di Casa Nuova. He himself 
was Gonfalonier in 1G20 ; his son, Lorenzo, held the same dignity in 1051; 
his grandson Ottaviano, in 1G69; his great-grandson Lorenzo was repeat- 
edly Gonfalonier and minister to various European courts ; his great-great- 
grandson Ottaviano, having been, hrst, in holy orders, was afterwards Sena- 
tor and Ancient'; and the son of this last Ottaviano, another Lorenzo, was 
" Prfefectus Militum," or General, to Charles 3d of Spain, whose reign 
covered the years from 1759 to 1788. During the sixteenth century the 
republic of Lucca still maintained its independence, but under a republican 
form of government aristocracy ruled ; the seventeenth century, under the 
malign influence of Spanish absolutism, was a time of universal moral, 
intellectual and political death to Italy, which Lucca could not escape by 
attempting, as she did, to hide herself from observation u;ider an enforced 
silence, with a law forbidding the publication of any facts of her history; 
and the same reserve and withdrawal from all active concern for the na- 
tional honor, was even more marked as the eighteenth century came and 
passed. t Such are the historical facts in the light of which the honors of 
the Diodatis during this period are to be interpreted. The generalship 
under Charles Gd of Spain is also significant, as showing that one of the 
family, at that time, was ready to sacrifice even what little remained of the 
life of his country to the will of the alien oppressor. The second Lorenzo 
of this branch had also, already, allied himself with Spain, for his wife was 
Isabella daughter of a noble Catalan named Bellet. In this connection 
may be mentioned, further, that " there is in the possession of the family 

• This Count Diodati was born in 1732, and is doubtless the "Count Deodati, am!)assa- 
dor from the Elettor of Saxony," who had an intervieu- with John Adunis at Paris, in 
178^, in wliich he warned liim of the ingratitude of republics, endin:? with tlic words: 
'• Your virtue must lie very heroical, or your pliiJosopiiy very stoic;il, to undert;ike all those 
adventures, with your eyes open, f.ir such a reward." Evidently, he had lost tlie patriotic 
traditions of his family.— See Works of John Adams, ix. 614-15". 

+ De Bude, p. 116 ; and Schotel, p. 7. 

: Uist. d. Republ. Ital., xvi. 207 ff., 220, 274, 284 ff. 



174 William Diodate and his Italian Ancestry. [April, 

[in Geneva] a superb folio, bound in crimson velvet, of fourteen pages of 
.vellum, with the imperial seal of Joseph 2d [1705-90] hancring from it in 
a gilt box, which recites the dignities of the Diodati family in magnifi- 
cent terms, and confirms to it the title of Count of the Empire. One 
of the pages is occupied with a fine illumination of the fomily-arms, the 
shield being placed on the imperial eagle.* 

Returning, now, to take up the thread of our story where we dropped it, 
at the mention of the names of the children of Carolo Diodati. the name- 
sake of the Emperor Charles 5 til — as to his daughters, they allied them- 
selves, severally, with the families Burlamaqui, Offredi and Pellissari, all 
doubtless fellow-exiles with the Diodatis ; and that is all we know of the 
female line of Carolo's posterity. Of the sons we are told of the fortunes of 
only two, Theodore and Jean. ' Theodore Diodati, born in 157-1 at Geneva, 
being educated as a physician, went early to England, where he is heard of, 
says Professor Masson, in his introduction to Milton's Latin Elegies, '• as 
living, about the year 1609, near Brentford, in professional attendance on 
Prince Henry, and the Princess Elizabeth [afterwards Queen of Bohe- 
mia]."! He received the degree of Doctor of Medicine at Leyden. Oct. 
6, 1615, and was admitted a Licentiate of the Royal College of Physicians 
in London, Jan. 24, 1616-17. He became an eminent practitioner, " much 
among persons of rank," residing in London, apparently, to the age of 
seventy-six, his burial having been in the parish-church of St. Bartholo- 
mew the Less, Feb. 12, 1650-1. "The naturalized London physician," 
says Masson, " is to be fancied, it seems, as a cheery, active veteran, with 
courtly and gallant Italian ways to the last."1: He was twice married, 
first to an English "' lady of good birth and fortune," by whom he had 
three children ; and afterwards to another English lady, who brought him 
"goods and estate," survived him, and was his executrix. The children 
of Dr. Diodati were Philadelphia, buried at St. Anne's, Blackfriars, Aug. 
10, 1038 ; John, " mentioned," as Col. Chester says, " in the will of Eliz- 
abeth Cundall (widow of Henry Cundall, the partner of Burbage in the 
Globe Theatre), dated September, 1635;" and Charles, the well-known 
youthful companion and bosom-friend of Milton, whose life and character 
are delineated, in connection with those of Milton, in so very interesting a 
manner, by means of the joint researches of Professor Masson and Col. 
Chester, in the former's Life of Milton and in his edition of Milton's Poet- 
ical Works ; to whom Milton addressed two of his Latin sonnets, and who 
was the subject of his P^pitaphium Damonis. Specially note-worthy, in 
the relations of the two friends, is the contrast between Milton's studious 
gravity and the blithesome cheerfulness of Diodati, whom " one fancies," 
says Masson, " as a quick, amiable, intelligent youth, with sometliing of 
his Italian descent visible in his face and manner."§ This Charles '• was 
born about 1609," says Col. Chester, "as he was matriculated at Oxford, 
from Trinity College,' Feb. 7, 1622-3, aged thirteen at his last birth-day ;" 
and to the same diligent antiquary we owe the discovery of the date of^ his 
death, in August, 1638, his burial having been at St. Anne's, Blackfriars, 
Aug. 27, 163°8, only seventeen days after that of his sister, "Letters of 

♦ Letter ofRev. L. W. Bacon, dated Feb. 18, 1875. A beautiful photoffraph-copv of this 
patent of nobility is in the possession of the writer. The patent is dated at \ lenna, Ucto- 

t The Poetical Works of John Milton, ed. . . . by David Masson, 11. 324. 
+ David Masson's Life of John Milton, ii. 81. note. 
f Ibid. i. 80. 



1881.] William Diodate and his Italian Ancestry. 175 

administration on his estate, in which he is described as a bachelor, were 
granted to liis brother John in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, Oct. 
3, 1638." John (grandfather of our William), the brother of Charles. wa3 
married at St. Margaret's, "Westminster, July 28, 1635, to Isabel Under- 
wood, who died and was buried in June, 1638, leaving a son Richard, who 
was baptized June 29 of the same year. Philadelphia and Charles, though 
unmarried at the time of their death, were not living Avith their father, but, 
as Col. Chester has shown, at a '• Mr. Dollam's" in Blackfriars ; which is 
explained by the supposition of a family-feud consequent upon the second 
marriage of their father, a fact plainly enough alluded to, indeed, in one 
of the Latin letters of ^Milton addressed to his friend in 1637 : " quod, nisi 
bellura hoc novercale vel Dacico vel Sarmatico infestius sit, debebis pro- 
fecto maturare, ut ad nos salteni in hyberna concedas."* Nor is there any 
child, or grandchild, named in the will of the old physician, who makes a 
nephew Theorlore his residuary legatee ; so that either all his direct de- 
scendants had died before him, or he carried the family-quarrel with him 
to his grave ; and the latter appears to be the fact. In England, it may 
be well to mention, the family-name was variously corrupted, being written 
as Deodate, Dyodat and Diodate, which last is the American form. 

Another son of the namesake of Charles 5th was the Rev. Jean Diodati, 
born in Geneva in 1576, whose home was in that city during the whole of 
his life of seventy-three years, but whose fame and influence were all over 
Europe while he lived, and of a nature not to perish with the lapse of time, 
like those honors which fell, as we have seen, to others of his race. The 
main points in his life, and his principal works, have been often noticed ; 
yet with less of living portraiture of character than could be desired, ex- 
cept in the recent publication of De Bude, of which the title has been 
already given. His education was in the Academy of Geneva, under such 
men as 15eza and Casaiibon, and so rapid was his progress that he became 
a doctor of theology before the age of nineteen, and soon after succeeded 
Casaubon as professor of Hebrew, and in the old age of Beza assisted to 
fill his place. Already in the year 1603, when he was only twenty-seven 
years old, he presented to the Venerable Company of Pastors of Geneva 
his Italian version of the Bible, a work which was highly esteemed by his 
most learned contemporaries, and has never yet been superseded.! 

But Jean Diodati was far from being a man of learning alone: he had 
too much of Italian fervor of temperament, and was too deeply imbued 
with the Christian spirit, not to wish to take a part in spreading the faith 
which he could not but nourish by the study of the Scriptures ; and his 
attention was most naturally directed, in a special manner, to his beloved 
uative land. Venice was the outpost which he aspired to take possession 
of for the cause of Reform, where a great hostility to the Papal See, in 
consequence of the excommunication of the Republic by Paul 5th, the 
potent influence, though secret, of the celebrated Fra Paolo Sarpi, the en- 
couragement of the English ambassador Wotton, and other circumstances, 
seemed to have opened the way. More or less, during the years from 1605 

« Charles Symmons's Prose Works of John Milton, vi. 117. 

t Diodiiti seems to have spared no labor to perfect his work in saccessive editions: the 
younicer Buxtorf wrote of Liirn thut liis authority as an interpreter of Scriptiiie had fjreat 
wei^'ht, inasmuch as he was chiefly occupied, all his life, " in examiiiaiido scnsu tcxtus 
sacri, atque Biljliis vcrtendis:" .s. .Schotel, p. 21; and the English editor of his Annotations, 
in 1651, said that "in polishing and perfecting them, in severall editions, he hath laboured 
ever tince " he tirst linished them. 



176 Winia77i Diodate and liis Italian Ancestry. [April, 

to IGIO, our Diodati was engaged in this enterprise, and in that time he 
twice visited Venice in person, llis plans, however, failed, and we refer to 
the undertaking more for the liglit which it throws upon the character of 
the man than for any historical importance attaching to it. Between him- 
self and Sarpi (of whom he says, evidently with impatience, that his ''in- 
comparable learning was diluted with such a scrupulous prudence, and so 
little enlivened and sharpened by fervor of spirit, although accompanied by 
a very upright and wholly exemplary life," that he judged him incapable 
of any boldness of action, to effect an entrance for the truth), there would 
appear to have been little affinity of spirit. Yet his enterprise and cour- 
age were not the fruit of inconsiderate self-confidence. " 1 shall be very 
careful," he wrote to Du Plessis ^Mornay, in France, with respect to his 
plans for Venice, " not to oppose a barrier to the very free operation of the 
Di%-ine Spirit, either by the consideration of my own incapacity, or by ap- 
prehension of any danger. I am sure that God, who beyond my hopes 
and aspirations used me in the matter of His Scriptures, so opportunely 
for this great work, with happy success, as the judgments of diverse distin- 
guished persons, and your own among others, lead me to believe, will also 
give me a mouth, and power and wisdom, if need be, to serve in these parts 
for the advancement of His kingdom and the destruction of great Ijabyloa." 

On his return for the last time from Venice, Jean Diodati was first for- 
mally consecrated to the ministry of the "Word, for which there is reason 
to believe he was especially titted. "His eloquent voice," it has been said, 
" his impressive delivery, and his profound convictions, produced such 
an effect upon his numerous hearers that they were strengthened in their 
belief, corrected in their conduct, renovated in their- sentiments ; " and 
though it was " not without many apprehensions and much awe," as he 
wrote to Du Plessis Mornay, that he assumed the responsibility of a preach- 
er, yet, as such, he was ever distinguished by a noble boldness, which 
Innocent 10th is said to have felt the force of, to his own correction, on the 
report of a sermon of Diodati, in which he had declared the Church of 
Rome to be scandalously governed by a woman, meaning Donna Olympia. 

One of the chief marks of distinction received by our Genevese divine, 
and which is next to be noticed in the order of time, was his appointment, 
jointly with Tronchin, to represent Geneva at the Synod of Dort. in 1G18- 
19 ; and here he comes before us in a somewhat new light. There had 
been doubt about inviting any delegates from the chief seat of Calvinistic 
doctrine, to avoid an appearance of partiality in calling them to take part 
in judging of the orthodoxy of the liemonstrants ; nor could there have 
been chosen two men less disposed to any compromise in matters of theo- 
logical opinion, apparently, than our Diodati and his colleague. Neither 
that tenderness of sympathy for errorists, nor that broader mental habit of dis- 
crimination between the essential and the unessential, which we have reason 
to suppose belonged to Diodati by nature and through the influence of his 
special training in Biblical study, seems to have preserved him from a cer- 
tain hardness of resistance to the plea for toleration, or at least for a liberal 
and charitable judgment, without prejudice, of those who could not conscien- 
tiously swear by Calvin. Such is the view which Brandt's " History of the 
Reformation and other Ecclesiastical Transactions in and about the Low 
Countries," gives us of Diodati as he appeared at the Synod of Dort. 

From Dort, Diodati went to England, doubtless, in part, to visit his 
brother Theodore. 

From Massou we learn, further, that " besides his celebrity as professor 



1881.] William Diodate and his Italian Ancestry. Ill 

of theology, city-preacher, translator of the Bible into Italian, and author 
of several theological works, Diodati was celebrated as an instructor of 
young men of rank sent to board in his house. About the year 1G39," 
he adds, '• there were many young foreigners of distinction pursuing their 
studies in Geneva, including Charles Gustavus. afterwards king of Sweden, 
and several princes of Gn?rman Protestant houses, and some of these appear 
to have been among Dindati's private pupils. ""* "We only mention further, 
as included in this period, that Milton, in 1639, on his return from Italy, 
to use his own words, was " daily in the society of John Diodati, the most 
learned professor of theology,'"! from whom he probably first heard of the 
death of his friend Charles, the nephew of the divine. The death of the 
Rev. Jean Diodati occurred in 1649. 

This distinguished divine married Madeleine daughter of Michel Burla- 
maqui.l at Geneva, in Dec. 1600 ; by whom he had nine children, five sous 
and four daughters. Of the sous, who alone concern us here, one was Theo- 
dore, made Doctor of Medicine at Levien, Feb. 4, 1643, and admitted 
Honorary Member of the Royal College of Physicians of London in De- 
cember, 1664; who resided in London, though not, as it seems, in the prac- 
tice of his profession, but as a merchant : in the letters of administration 
on his estate, granted .July 24. 16Si'. he is called '• Doctor in Medicine and 
Merchant." He had no children, aud l^equeathed most of his property — 
includiug two estates ••in the b\iliwick of Ges, one in the village and 
parish of Fernex, the other in the village and parish of Vernier, within 
a league of Geneva." reserving a life-interest in the real estate to a 
sister Renee — to three nephews named Philip, John and Ralph ; with 
these provisos, however: •• if either revolt from the Reformed Religion 
in which he was brought up. I disinherit him." and '• if all said neph- 
ews die without issue, then my estate to go to build a hospital for poor 
strangers at Geneva." The real estate was to pass, eventually, to 
whichever one of his nephews should go to Geneva to live, of whom he 
mentions Ralph as most likely so to do : and the property must not be 
sold, but kept in the family. We also tind the following item in his will : 
" There is also at Geneva, in my sister Renee Diodati her keeping, a copy 
of the French Bible of the translation of my deceased father, reviewed 
and enlarged by him with divers annotations, since the former copy which 
was printed before his death, which I doe esteeme very much, and I will 

* Massoa's Life of Milton, i. 778. 

t Ibid. 

t A grjnddaaghter of the Francesco B. who conspired to liherate the republics of Tus- 
cany in 1546, and sacriticei hii life to his patriotism : s. Hist. d. Republ. Ital , xri. 128 ff., 
and Schotel, pp. 11-12. 

She had a sister Renee — .so named Ijy the celebrated Renee Duchess of Ferrara, who was 
her godmother — wiio married, first, Cesar Baibani, and, afterward';, Theodore Agrippa 
d'Aubigne, the grandfather of Franc-oire d'Auljigne M.ircliione-s de Mainrenun; s. Scliotel, 
pp. 12,92. Jean Jacques Buriamaqui, authororthe well-known " Principesde la Loi Nata- 
reile et Politique," was a cousin of the wife of Rev. John Diodati, and appears to have 
married a sister of his. A toucLinziy simple narrative of dangers and escape^:, privations 
and succors, experienced bv xht family of Michel Buriamaqui, father of Madeleine and 
Renee, in passing from Italy, by the way of France, to their final restinz-place in Geneva, 
which was written by R^nee in Genera, is given by .Schotel (pp. 8>-9.3) from family- 
archives. At one time they were sheltered in a palace of the Duchess of Ferrara at Mon- 
targis, where Rent-e wa-^ bom. Ag;:in. bcin:r in Fau^ during the massacre of St. Bartholo- 
meV, the very palace of the Duke of Giiise, through the intervention of some Roman Cath- 
olic relatives, became their place of refuge. Afterwards, in the hou.se of M. de Bouillon, 
temptations to a denial of thtir faith, by conformity to tbr- usages of the old church, beset 
them ; but from these, too, they escai>ed unscathed. Finally, after years of moving from 
place to place, they readied Geneva, stripped of all eartlily go-jds, but rich in the treasure 
of a good couscience, and "e.xtrem'.-ly joyoas and con^jlC-d." 
VOL. XXXV. 16 



178 William Diodate and his Italian Ancestry. [April, 

that it be printed, etc." Another son of the Rev. Jean I)iod:ui was 
Charles wlio also went to i:ngland. on whose estate, on the loth of Au- 
<^ust, 1G51. letters of administration were granted "to Tlieodore Diodati 
next of kin " — evidentlv his brother Theodore— styling him " of St. Mary 
Ma^^dalen, Old Fish Street, London, bachelor." A third son, named ^am- 
ueir*- became a merchant in Holland," whither he went in 1G5S ; he lived 
sinde and died in 1G76. ^Vnother sou was named Marc, who also died 
witliout descendants, in 1641, at Amsterdam. 

The only son through whom the line of direct descent from the^ Gene- 
vese divine was perperaated, was Philippe, who studied theology, tirst un- 
der his father and other learned professors of Geneva, and afterwards at 
Montauban in France; went to Holland, and was in 1651 installed pastor 
of the Walloon Church of Leydeu. He married Elizabeth daughter of 
Sebastien Francken. alderman of Dort and counsellor of the Provincial 
Court of Holland ; with whom he lived a happy married life of five years, 
and died Oct. 6, 1650. Four sons were born to him. of whom one died in 
infancy, and the other three were Philippe Sebastien. Rodolphe and Jean, 
the three nepliews of the Theodore just named, whom he made, as we have 
seen, his principal legatees. Philippe settled in Holland ; he administered, 
however, in En-laud^ in 16S0. on his uncle Theodore's estate, with his bro- 
ther Jean. Ii^the record of Doctors' Commons he is called Doctor of 
Laws. He married Lidia Blankert. and was a counsellor at Rotterdam. 
Ralph, or Rudolphe, it seems, did not go to Geneva to live, as his uncle 
expected: he went to the East: married on the Mauritius Catherine 
Saaijmans of that island ; was at one time Chief of the Dutch East India 
Conipany in Japan ; and died at Catavia. 

The only other son of Philippe Diodati was Jean, born at Leyden July 
28 1658, who, after passing a commercial apprentisace at Dort, embarked 
for Batavia in the island of Java, in May. 1670. to establish jiimself as a 
merchant there. On the 2d of Aprih 1 6 tiO— probably, therefore, in India 
—he married Alde-onda Trouvers (Travers?), of a prominent Irish lamiiy, 
as is said, by whom' he had several children ; and died in 1711 at Sarat, 
where his remains are said to have reposed beneath a " superb monument, 
erected to his memorv bv his daughters.* His wife had died in 1698. 

Two of the children of Jean Diodati by Alde^onda Trouvers were 
Philippe and Salomon, born at Dort in 1G86 and .16.s8, who both became 
associates of the Dutch East India Company at Batavia. The former died 
childless, at Batavia, on the 26th of January, 1733, bequeatlung io.WU 
francs to the Cathedral of Dort, for the purchase of communion-plate, ihe 
latter, on the 7th of December, 1713, married Gertrude daughter of Jerome 
Slott, and in 1733 returned to Holland with his wife »nd two sons, Manin 
Jacob and Antoine Josue, and settled at the Hague, where he died in 1 -od. 
Of these two sons, Martin established himself in Holland, and died without 
male descendants ; the other, born in 1728, having studied theology at Ge- 
neva, went bark to the Ha^ue, and became chaplain to the King ot Ixoi- 
land Later, he married Marie Aimee Rilliet of Geneva, and settled 
there. He was the builder of the castle of Vernier, already referred to, 
and lived there till he died, in 1701. He was a great amateur of the 
fine arts, and had his house always fuU of artists ; and, in consequence 
of his expensive style of living, left his fortune very much diminished to 
his children, of whom he had eight, three sons and five daughters, l^^^ 

• De Bude, p. 298. 



1881.] William Diodaie and his Italian Ancestry. 179 

the name was transmitted by only one of the sons, named Jacques Amedee, 
whose son Edouard, professor in the Academy of Geneva and Librarian 
of that city, was the father of Mr. Gabriel C Uiodaii and his two brothers, 
Messieurs Theodore and AJoys, of whom the lirst and last, the only sur- 
vivors, worthily maintain the honors of the family at Geneva at the present 
time. 

"We have thus briefly sketched the history of this remarkable family ; and 
all of the name appearing in English records have been mentioned in their 
places in the line of descent, down to and including the grandfother of Wil- 
liam Diodate ; unless a separate place could have been found for a John 
Diodati, who engaged in business in London, being called a " Factor " in 
some entries concerning liim, and on whose estate letters of administration 
were granted Feb. 25, 1G87-8. to his son John, his relict Sarah renounc- 
ing. But this person is identified by Col. Chester, after thorough research, 
with John the brother of Milton's friend, who buried his wife Isabel 
Underwood in 1638. as stated above, a son of his by a second marriage 
being the father of "William. The identification is made necessary by tlie 
proved impossibility of finding any other place for John the " Factor" in 
the pedigree ; while the date of the birt?i of William's father corresponds 
with all the known dates of this John's life, supposing him one with the 
brother of Milton's friend of the same name. 

All that English records tell us of "William Diodate's father is embraced 
in the following particulars. On the 14th of May, 1682, a license was 
given him to marry Mercy Tilney, of St. Michael Bassishaw, London, be- 
ing himself described, in the marriage-license, as a '" bachelor, aged about 
22 [therefore born about 1660], with jiarents' consent:" and by this mar- 
riage he had four children, who all died in infancy. The wife died in the 
parish of St. Andrew, Undershaft, London, and was buried at Blackfriars, 
Sept. 18, 1689. On the 6th of January, 1689-90. he had a license to marry 
Mistress Elizabeth Morton, of Tottenham, co. Middlesex, he being then 
described as " of St. Andrew, Undershaft, London, merchant, widower, 
aged about 30." The history of PLlizabeth jMorton, worked out by Col. 
Chester with much care and labor, is given by him in brief, as follows : 
" Rev. Adrian "Whicker, vicar of Kirtlington, Oxfordshire (where he was 
buried 16 June, 1616), by his wife Jane (l)uried there 8 Dec, 1641), had 
several children, of whom the eldest son was John "Whicker, born in St. 
Aldate's parish in the city of Oxford, who became a merchant in London, 
but at his death desired to be buried at Kirtlington. His will, dated 8 
Sept., 1660, was proved 12 Feb., 1660-1. By his wife Jane, who was 
buried at St. Olave, Hart Street, London, March 1, 1637-8, he had five 
daughters, of wlioni three only survived. The second daughter, I'.lizabeth 
Whicker, was baptized at St. Olave, Hart street, 21 August, 1623. She 
first married Richard Crandley, Alderman of London, who was buried at St. 
Olave, Hart street. 12 Dtc, 1655. From his will it is evident that they had 
no children. She remarried John Morton, Gent., at St. Olave. Hart street, 
in July, 1658, and a female cliild (unnamed) was buried there 5 July, 1659. 
They had also a son John Whicker Morton, who married Elizabeth IMedli- 
cott, and died 18 May, 1693, and was buried at Tackley in Oxfordsliire ; 
and also a daughter Theodosia, who was her father's executrix, and then 
unmarried. Their only other daughter was Elizabeth, who married John. 
Diodati." The general coincidence of these results of a search iu English 
records respecting the Morton-marriage of John Diodati, with the facts 
already stated as derived from William Diodate's Bible, will not fail to be 



180 William Diodate and his Italian Ancestry. [April, 

noticed. But that statement is further duplicated by what we learn in Eng- 
land with regard to the children born of this Morton-marriage, who are 
there seen to have been three in number, namely, John, William and Eliz- 
abeth. John, sou of John and Elizabeth Diodati, was matriculated at Ox- 
ford, from Balliol College. April G. 1709. aged IG (he was therefore born 
about 1093); and graduated Bachelor of Arts and Master of Arts, in 
course, and afterwards Bachelor of Mediiine and Doctor of Medicine. He 
became a Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians of London June 'lb, 
1724, and Censor in 1726-7; and died May 23, 1727, unmarried. Plis 
will, dated May 19, and proved July 27, 1727, left his whole estate, both 
real and personal, with the exception of a single legacy of £50, to his^ sister 
Elizabeth, then unmarried— coinciding with the tradition that William 
Diodate, on returning to England after the death of his brother John, when 
his father also had dred, found himself disinherited. This sister afterwards 
married a gentleman of the name of Scarlett — probably Anthony S., whose 
will, dated May 8, 1750, and proved March 1, 1757, by his relict Eliza- 
beth, left his entire estate to her, •• as a testimony of the great love and 
most tender atfection which " he had '• for the best of wives." She died 
in 17G8, her will having been proved April 13 of that year, with a codicil 
which she added February 22 of the same year, in which large legacies are 
given to " the children of" her "niece Elizabeth Johnson deceased, late 
wife of the Rev. Mr. Stephen Johnson of Lime, in Connecticut in New 
England."* This record brings us back to our subject, William Diodate, 
the only other child of John Diodati by his :Morton-marriage, whose daugh- 
ter, as appears from his will in the New Haven records, was that Elizabeth 
Johnson, thus named in the will of her aunt Scarlett. 

It only remains to say that the son-in-law of William Diodate, Stephen 
Johnson, named in his will, a son of Nathaniel Johnson, Esq., of Newark, 
New Jersey, by his wife Sarah Ogden (descended from John Ogden, one of 
the Patentees of Connecticut, and founder of P^lizabeth in New Jersey), 
was not unworthy to transmit the accumulated honors of the Diodati race 
to his descendants; for, beside being an honored pastor, for forty years, 
over a single church, he was an eminent patriot — perhaps contributing as 
much as any other one person to bring on the Revolution, by his strong 
and impassioned articles in opposition to the stamp-act, written, published 
in New London papers of the day, and circidated, with the cooperation, 
and at the expense of his parishioner and intimate friend and counsellor 
John ^NlcCurdy, ten years before the actual breaking out of the war ; which 
led to the banding together of the " Sons of Liberty " in organized associa- 
tion, first in Connecticut and afterwards in other colonies; and on the 22d 
of May, 1775, when the conflict of war had begun, he asked leave of ab- 
sence from his people in order to accept the appointment of the General 
Assembly of the colony to be cha[)lain to the regiment of Col. Parsons, 
which was afterwards present at the battle of Bunker Hill. The historian 
Bancroft says : '• Of that venerable band who nursed the flame of piety 
and civil freedom, none did better service than the American-born Stephen 
Johnson, the sincere and fervid pastor of the First Church of Lyme."t 

• Mrs. Scarlett sent to tliem in her life-time, and left to them at her death, many rich 
pieces of apparel, porcelain, silver-plate, and other elegant articles, many of which are sail 
possessed t>v' tlRirdi"-cendai)t.-i. 

t Hist, of the Uiiitctl States, v. .320. Our country's indebtedness to Johnson in the mat- 
ter of rci'tance tu the -tarup-act is fuUv reco;rnized by Bancroft, as, fur in^.tance, m Ins 
Hist., V. 3.53, where he calls him " the incomparable Stephen Johnson of Lyme, and long 
ago, by Gordon in his IIi.>t. of the Rise, Progress and Establishment of the Independence or 
the United Stiites, i. IGG, tf. 



1881.] Notes and Queries. 181 

His descendants, also, proved worthy of their inheritance : Diodate John- 
son, his son, a young clergyman cut off in his twenty-eighth year, was 
" eminent for genius, learning and piety ;" and his daughter Sarah, who 
became the wife of John Griswold. son of the first Governor Griswold of 
Connecticut by his wife Ursula "Wolcott, handed down the precious legacy 
of " blood that tells."' in cultured manners, warm atfections, noble aspira- 
tions, and quick intelligence, betokening, in the case of some of the genera- 
tions which have succeeded, in no doubtful manner, the hereditary influ- 
ence of old Italian genius and temperament. 



NOTES AXD QUERIES. 

Notes. 
College Chronicle. — Under this heading the New York 'World publishes a 
weekly scries of articles on matters of intert'st connected with the various colleizes 
in the United States. The idea is a good one, and the World's College Chronicler 
has the industry and ability to do it justice. No. •2-20 appeared in tlie l-Vor/c/ fur 
Monday, Feb. 14. 1861. That and No. 218, Jan. 31, taeli contains, besides other 
matters, an article of special value. Tlie article in No. 218, entitled " Bibliogra- 

J»hy of Alumni," is a bibliographical account of tlie triennial and general cata- 
ogues of the principal American ciilie^fcs.^ That in No. 220, " Statistics of Gradu- 
ates,'" is thus noticed in the New York yation, Feb. 24 : 

" The 'World's ' College Chronicle ' lur Feb. 14 contains an elaborate tabulation 
from the larger catalogues of twenty-five American colleges, showing the total num- 
ber of degrees since their fuundatiun : the number of honorary degrees ; the num- 
ber of alumni, living and dead ; and the various learned professions which they 
have adopted. These tables are not all bruught up to a common date, and are other- 
wise defective as the sources of inCurmatiuu were ; but they are instructive on at 
least one point. The ' alumni ' embrace those who have received the bachelor's 
degree for a four years' course, but, at Harvard and Y'ale, nut bachelors of science 
or philosophy, as is usual at other coUegea. Bearing this in mind, we notice that 
in ISSO Harvard, with 9,52fi alumni, had bestowed r)22 honorary dei.'rees, and 
Yale, with 9,202 alumni, 923 ; while Princeton, with 4,837 alumni in 1875, had 
bestowed 760 honorary degrees, and Union, with 4,201 alumni in 1858, 548. Reck- 
oning these per annum, it appears that Harvard's average favors have been 2.6 ; 
Yale's, 5.2 ; Princeton's, 6 ; and Union's, 9. The total number of alumni of six col- 
lege? reported to 1830 — viz.. Harvard, Yale, Pennsylvania, Brown, Dartmouth and 
W illiams — was 30,402 ; the number of their living alumni at that date was 14,074. 
Yale had some 600 more living alumni than Harvard. It is impossible to deduce 
any trustworthy conclusions as to the relative choice of profes.sions." 



Barrett.— The first Humphrey Barrett, of Concord, in his will, 1662, and Mary 
his widow, in her will, 1663, both name a son John. The latter, Shattuck supposes 
to have been of Marlboro'. Savage and Hudson follow this authority. But public 
records establish that John Barrett, of Marlbijro', had brothers William, ol Cam- 
bridge, and Tfiomas, of Marlboro' (earlier of Cambridge). Tiiis latter, 'Ihumas, 
in his will. Jan. 10, 1672 — near tlie date of his death — names his own brethren, 
John and William, and his sister Lydia Cheever ; and appoints .said brothers, and 
Bartholomew Cheever, of Boston (husband of Lydia), his executors. They con- 
vey land, April 22, 1680, as such e.xecuturs, the widow (" some time the wife and 
relict" of Thomas Barrett, of ^larUxjro', and now the wile of William Eager) 
releasing all her rights in said land. Thomas was married before 1660, and had 
three children. 

As Humphrey' had a son Thomas who was drowned in Concord in 1652 — Savage 
says 1600, but probate records show his error — leaving children Oliver and Mary, 
named as grandchildren by Humphrey in his will ; it loUuws that unless he had two 
Bons named Thomas of nearly the same age and lx>tli living to maturity, John of 
Marlboro' was not the son of Humphrey' of Concord. 

VOL. XXXY. IC* 



182 JSfotes and Queries. [April, 

John and Thomas of Marlboro' each left a son bearins; his fathei-'s name ; and 
each was tlie last male of his line to bear the surname. Tliere have been numerous 
descendants ol" both John and Thomas, however, by the marriages of their daugh- 
ters and granddaughters in the fomilies of Bush, llice, Taylor, Whitney, Tainter, 
Gleason, How and Felton. J. II. Barrett. 

Jjovcland, Ohio. 

Harvard Observatorv. — The following correction of an erroneous statement in 
relation to the establishment of this Observatory has been received by us fur inser- 
tion in the Register : 

" In the ' Harvard Book,' Cambridge, 1ST5, Vol. I. p. 156, it is stated in a 
biography of President Everett, that ' the Harvard Observatory was established 
on its present site in his administration.' This is a mistake. 

" In 1839 Mr. \V . C. Bond was appointed Astronomical Observer to Harvard 
University, and took possession of a house in Cambridge, prepared by President 
Quincy for a rudimentary Observatory. In lSt-3-13, the munificence of President 
Quincy's friends among the capitalists, chielly of Buston. enabled him to purchase 
several acres of land in Cambridge, and to found thereon the Sears Tower and a 
house for the observer, and to order a great Eijuatorial Telescope. In September, 
1844, Mr. Bond removed to the new Observatory, and May 8, 1S45, there, assisted 
by his son, G. P. Bond, observed a transit of Mercury.' 

" Before President Quincy resigned the office of president, in- August, 1845, he 
completed the purchase of the Equatorial Telescope, and, although it was not fin- 
ished, paid for it. It arrived in Cambridge eariy in 1846. During these years 
Mr. Everett was United States Minister in Eno-jand, and had no part in these arrange- 
ments. The Observatory and the Equatorial Telescope belong to the administration 
of President Quincy. — Seethe Annual Reports of the Treasurer of Harvard College."' 



Towns ix the King's Provi.vce {ante, p. 124). — The names of the towns in the 
King's Province, or the Narraganset Country, now Washinuton County and part of 
Kent County, PJiode Island, were changed by tlie Commissioners of King James 
II.. June 23, 1680, by the following order passed by them at a court held that day 
at Major Richard Smith's, in Rochtster : 

" Ordered, That the three towns now in the King's Province, shall be called, 
Rochester, tlie first and chief, formerly called Kinijston. 
- "Ilaversham, the second, formerly called WesFerly. 

" Bedford, the third, formerly called Greenwich." — Bartlett's ed. Records of the 
Rhode Island Colony, iii. 201. 

The original names were resumed after the overthrow of Andros. 



Menotoiiy. — A curious fjrm of this variously spelled word, the aboriginal name 
of Arlington, Mass., is " Anatomy, " which appears in a deed recorded in 1801 
{Midd. Registry, 143 : 249). William R. Cutter. 

Lexin(/ton, Mass. 



Queries. 

Genealogical Queries. — I would be greatly obliged for information concerning 
the parentage of the following persons : 

Hannah, third wife and widow of Elnathan Jones, of Concord, Maes. They were 
married between 1732 and 1730. He died May 6, 1739. She nest married, Oct. 2, 
1740, Cord Cordis, of Boston and Concord. She was a tory refugee, and died in St. 
Andrews Parish, London. Should also be glad to know the parents of Cord Cordis, 
of Boston, 1733. 

Hannah Win.sor, who married Jonathan Gary, of Charlestown, in 1675. 

Ruth Batchelder, wife of Dea. James Blake, of Dorchester; died 1752, aged 90 
years. Batchelder pedigree, Register, x-xvii. p. 364, shows a Ruth born 1602. 

Susanna, wife of John Harrison, of Boston. Their daughter Susanna, born 
JIarch 28, 1677, married Edward Gray, of Boston, a wealthy ropemaker. 

Was Lewis Tucker, of Casco, born 1643, son of Mr. Richard Tucker of that 
place ? 



1881.] 2{otes and Queries. 183 

Thomas HoUand/who by wife Ann had John, born Sept. 11, 1726, in Bostcm 
William and wife Dorcas Fallass. probably married about l/'23; had children 
baptized at Old South from 17-2-1 to 1734. 
Susanna Cogswell, of Ipswich, who married Jeremiah Parsons, of Gloucester, 

Abigail Younglove, of Ipswich, who married Jeffrey Parsons, Jr., of Gloucester, 

beboraii, born about 1667, who married Elder James Sayward, of Gloucester. He 
was sou of Henry Sayward, of York. ,. , „ , „. .--. j ,-. 

John Cunnin'-ham. of Gloucester, born about 1733. died ieb. 24, 1/ ,4, aged 42. 

Stephen Dana Marsh, born xNov. 12, 1S27, died in Boston Oct. 23, 186/ 

I have nearly completed a genealoirv of the descendants of ihomas Swift, of Dor- 
chester, and should be Jilad to communicate with any descendants of this laauly not 
already reached. The Rev. John Swift, of Acton, names grandchildren IIollis and 
Luther in his will of 1725. Were they children of his son Dr. John Switt of that 
place, and have they descendants ? Harrison Ellery. 

No. 1 Central \Vharf, Boston. 

John Robixson (son of Isaac, son of the Rev. John of Leyden) removed from 
Saconessst, Mass.. to Connecticut, with his family in 1714. What town in Connec- 
ticut did he move to ? and what information can be given concerning his descend- 

gjj^g-? W. C. ROBIXSON. 

New Haven, Ct. 

WooDBRiDGE.-It IS on rccord at Salem, that Mra. Mary Woodbridge, of New- 
bury widow, made oath 29 September, 1693, that she had not concealed or embez- 
zled any of the m.>nev, goods or chattells of Joseph Dole, late of Newbury deceased. 
Joseph'Dole was born in 16.37, to which fact neither Cufha nor Savage adds any- 
thinn-. Did he marry and leave a widow, who was in 1693 widow again of a sec- 
ond husband Woodbridge ? ^^- S. Apfleton. 

Boston, Mass. 

[Mrs. Mary Woodbrid::e was probably the widow of Thomas Woodbridge, of 
Newbury (Keg. xsxii. 294) , but we do not know her relationship to Joseph Dole. 
Mr. Woodbridge died March 30, 1681. and she married about 1693 Joseph Cukcr.— 
Editor.] 



Gen-. John Patterson.— Information in relation to this officer of the army of 
the Revolution is desired fur a forthcoming work, " The Town of Farmington, 
(Iqqi^ ') William Henry Lee. 

261 Canal Street , New York. 



Temple.— There is a tradition that Robert Temple, who was of Saco, Me., before 
1660, had a son Robert who settled somewhere in the state of Maine. 

If any one can jrive infurmation, from records or otherwise, in conhrmation there- 
of, please to communicate to 

Monti-ale, Middlesex Co., Mass. 



William Temple. 



Watermw —Lieut. Thomas Waterman, adjutant of Col. Israel Angell's Regi- 
ment, Rhode Island Brigade Continental Army. Who was he? Can any one tell ? 
New Bedford, Mass. William Henry Waterman. 

John Blake, " now of Wrentham, formerly of Sandwich. Mass.," in 168G 
(according to SufTjlk Co. Deeds, vol. 16, p. 89), with Edward Pratt and others, 
make division of lands, previously bought of John W ampum, alias U hite, an In- 
dian of Assanawcsock, then deceased. Query.— From whence came said John 
Blake, and what is known of him prior to and durini,' his residence in b mdwich .' 
He is the pro.'-enitor of most of the name in Wrentham. His sons were ivobcrt, 
Andrew, John and Isaac ; d. young. His wife was Bridget. What was her maiden 
name? He died May 25, 1700. She died May 30, 1706. Perley Df.rby. 

Saltm, Mass. 



184 ^^otes and Queries. [April, 

TIiLL.— Who wa,« fnther of Ignatius, James and William Hill, all of Boston, 
16GS ? Their widowed mother barah married eecoadly Edmund Grecnleaf. 

Boston, Mass. W. S. Appletox. 

[The Genealogy of the Hill family, by the Rev. Moses Hill, of Norvralk, Ct.. no- 
ticed in tlie Register, vol. xxxiv. p. "JSi, gives children of these names to William 
Hill, of Fairfield, Ct,, who had a wife Sarah, and who died in 1650. — Editor.] 



GoRHAif. — Mr. Wyman. in his " Genealogies and Estates of Charlestown," says 
that Cnpt. Nathaniel Gorham, of Ciiarlestown, was •"son of Nathaniel, who m. 
Dorcas Cofiin, of Yarmouth. '' Is this correct? Was he not the son of Steplien 
Gorham. who m. Elizabeth Gardiner in 1703? 

Capt. Nathaniel married Mary Soley. of Charlestown. in 1T3&-7, and her mother 
was Dorcas CufSu, daughter of Nathaniel, according to Wyman. Has not Mr. 
Wyman confounded the genealogy of Capt. Nathaniel with that of his wife? 
■ Cambridcje, Mass. Cvkcs Wooduax. 



Historical Intelligence. 
New Hampshire Bi-Centennial.— The New Hampshire Historical Society duly 
commemorated the SOOth anniversary of the establishment of the first lawful 
government over the province, as it was then called, in the year 16S0. Tlie society 
selected Charles W. Tuttle, Esq., of Buston, to deliver the historical address on the 
occasion, and held a special meeting in Portsmouth on the evening of Dec. -29, 1850, 
to hear the address delivered. The Hon. Charles H. Bell, president of the suciety 
and governor elect of the state, presided. The society voted to print the address. 



Announcements. 
Genealogies in Preparation. — Persons of the several names are advised to fur- 
nish the compilers of these genealogies with records of their own families and other 
information which they think will be useful. We would suggest that all facts of 
interest illustrating the family history or character be communicated, especially 
service under the U. S. government, the holding of other offices, graduation from 
college or professional schools, occupation, with dates and places of birth, marriage, 
residence and death. 

Hale. By the Hon. Robert S. Hale. LL.D., of Elizabeth, Es^es Co., N. Y.— The 
family history of Thomas Hale, of Newbury, and his descendants, heretofore announc- 
ed in the Register (kxix. Kfj\ xxxi. '.i^Jj.'w.U probably be ready for the press before 
the end of the current year. It will include female lines, but not in as full detail 
as male lines. Those who have delayed sending their records fur the book should 
do so at once. 

Kenneij. By John Spare. M.D., of New Bedford.— It will contain all families by 
this name who have lived in Canton from 17L4 to 1630, the dates of the arrival and 
extinction of this name in that territory. It is nearly comjjlete. 

Miller. By Maj. Charles D. Miller, of Newark. Ohio.— He has been many years 
tracing descendants of James Miller the Scotsman, Charlestov.-n, Mass., admitted to 
first church Dec. 17, 1676 ; made freeman May 23, 1677 : died July li, 1690. His 
wife ^lary joined the church Aug. 5, 1677 ; baptized with children— James, Mary, 
Robert, J'ob, Abraham, Isaac, Mercy and Jane. Record of his father's death, Aug. 
1, 1683. calls him " Sen." "an aged Scotsman above 70." Would like informa- 
tion of immigration and descendants. 

Sacenj. S^icnry or SavDj. \i\ the Hon. A. W. Savery, of Di^'by, Nova Scotia. — 
Judge Savery will give a L'enealiii'ical record of the New England family Liearing 
the above name, es;)ecially of the descendants of Anthony and Thomas G., 
who were freeman of Plymouth in 16.33, and, as far as possible, of Robert S., of 
Newbury, in 1656, and an account of their progenitors in England. He respectfully 
requests from all of the name or connection such pertinent genealoL'ical and other 
informatiun as they may possess, especially biographical sketches of any who may 
have filled public situations, legislative or'otherwise. He would like to know the 
names of tiie earlier descendants of the Anthony S., who was a townsman of Dart- 
mouth in 1666, and whether the name of Solomon Savery can l)e found in the family 
about the beginning of the last century ; and whence c-ame the John Savery, who 



1881.] Societies and their Proceedings. 185 

Bome tvrenty j-ears ago was crr)vcrnor of Peel Island, one of the Bonin group, a 
whaling station in the North Pacific. 

Spare. By John Spare, M.D., of New Bedford, Mass.— It will contain all de- 
scendants of Samuel Sjuvre (1683-1T6S) inclusive of names connected by marriage 
down to the present time. 

Staple or Staples. By James Staples, of Bridgeport, Ct. — Mr. Staples contem- 
plates a histury or genealogy of this family. 

Waterman. 'By^Viliiaiu Henry Waterman, of New Bedford, Mass.— Mr. Wa- 
terman is preparing a recurd. historical, biographical and genealogical, of the 
Waterman family of Rhode Island. He desires members of tlie family having 
records, items, &o., bearing, upon the history of the family, to send him a copy. 



SOCIETIES AND THEIIl PEOCEEDIXGS. 

New-England Historic, GENEALOciciL Societt. 

Boston, Mass., Wednesday, January 5. 1S31. — The annual meeting was held at 
the Society's House, 13 Sjmerset Street, this afternoon, at three o'clock. 

The president, the Ilun. Marshall P. Wilder, Ph.D.. on taking the chair intro- 
duced the Hon. Hiland Hall. LL.D., ex-governor of Vermont and vice-president of 
the society for that state, who made a few pertinent remarks The vice-president 
for Massachusetts, the Hon. George C Pvichardson, also occupied a chair on the 
platform. 

The recording secretary. David G. Haskins, Jr., read the record of the proceed- 
ings at the December meeting. 

The Kev. Increase N. Tarbox, D.D., chairman of the nominating committee, re- 
ported a listof ofScers and committees for the year 1831, and the persons nominated 
were unanim(jusly elected, viz. : 

President.— Eon. Marshall P. Wilder, Ph.D., of Boston, Mass. 

Vice-Presidents.— lion. Israel Washburn, LL.D.. of Portland. Me.; Hon. Jo- 
eeph B. Walker, A.B., of Concord. N. H. ; Hon. Hiland Hall, LL.D., of Benning- 
ton, Vt. ; Hun. George C. Richardson, of Boston, Mass. ; Hon. John R. Bartlett, 
A.M., of Providence, K. I. ; Hon. Marshall Jewell, A.M.. of Hartford, Ct. 

Honorary Vice-Presidents. — His Excellency Rutherford B. Hayes, LL.D., Presi- 
dent of the United States ; Hon. Robert S. Hale, LL.D., of Elizabethtown, N Y. ; 
William A. Whitehead, A.M., of Newark, N. J. ; William Duane. of Phila- 
delphia, Pa. ; Rev. Edwin A. Dalrymple, S.T.D., of Baltimore, Md. ; Hon. 
William A. Richardson, LL.D., of Washington, D. C. ; Hon. Thomas Spooner, 
of Cincinnati, Ohio ; Hon. John Wentworth, LL.D., of Chicago, 111. ; Rev. Jo- 
seph F. Tuttle, D.D., of Crawfordsville. Ind. ; Lyman C. Draper, LL.D., of 
Madison, Wis. ; Rt. Rev. William S. Perry, D.D., LL.D., of Davenport. Iowa ; 
Rev.. William G. Eliot, D.D., LL.D., of St. Louis, Mo.; Rt. Rev. William I. 
Kip, D.D. , LL.D.. of San Franci.sco. Cal. 

Correspondnit/ Secretary.— B.ev. Edmund F. Slafter, A.M., of Boston, ^lass. 

Recording Secretary.— Ihiy'id Greene Haskins. Jr., A.M., of Cambridge, Mass. 

Treasurer. — Benjamin Barstow Torrey, of Boston. Mass. 

Historiocjrapher. — Rev. Samuel Cutler, of Boston. Mass. 

Librarian. — John Ward Dean, A.M., of Boston, Mass. 

D«>ef/ors.— Hon. George C. Richard-on, Boston; Hon Nathaniel Foster Safford, 
A. B., Milton ; Hon. Jam.s W.Austin, A.M., Boston; Cyrus Woodman, A.M., 
Cambridge; J. Gardner White, A.M., Cambridire. 

Comraittee on Finance. — Henry Edwards, Bostjn, Chairman; Hon. Charles B. 
Hall, Boston ; Hon. Samuel C. Cobb, Boston; Hon. AWah A. Burrage, Boston; 
Addison Child, Boston ; Benjamin B. Torrey, Boston, ex-officio. 

Committee on Publication. — John Ward Dean. A.M., Chairman ; Rev. Lucius R. 
Paige, D.D., Cambrid:ro ; Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, A.M., Boston ; Jeremiah Col- 
burn, A.M. , Boston ; William B. Trask, Boston ; Henry H. Edes, Boston ; Henry 
F. Waters, A.B., Salem. 

Committee on Memorials. — John Ward Dean, A.M., Chairman; Rev. Henry A. 
Hazen, A.M., Billerica ; J. Gardner White, A.M., Cambridge ; William B. Trask, 
Boston ; Dauielf. V^ Huntoon, Canton ; Arthur xM. Alger, LL.B., Taunton. 



186 Societies and their Proceedings. [April, 

Committpe on Hcraldiy.— lion. Thomas C. Amory, A.M., Boston. Chairman: 
Abner C. Goodell, Jr., A.M., Salem ; Augustus T. Perkins, A.M., Boston ; George 
B. Chase, A.M., Boston ; Walter Lloyd Jeffries, A.B., Boston ; John C. J. Brown, 
of Boston. . ,^., 

Committee on the Librari/.— Jeremiah Colburn, A M., Boston. Chairman ; \\ il- 
liara B. Trask, Boston; Deloraine P. Corev, Maiden; Willard S. Allen, A.M., 
Boston ; John T. Hassam, A.M., Boston ; John W. Dean. 15oston, ct ojfiao. 

Committee on Papers and Essaijs.—Rey. Doras Clarke. D.D., Chairmen ; Rex. 
Increase N. Tarbox. D.D., Newton ; Rev. David G. Haskins. S.T.D., Cambridge; 
William C. Bates, Newton ; Cliarlcs C. Cofnn. Boston ; Rev. Artemas B. Muzzey, 
A.M., Cambridge : Key. Henry A. Hazen, A.M., of Auburndale. 

Col. Wilder, having, for the fourteenth time, been elected president of the soci- 
ety, proceeded to deliver his annual address, which is printed in full in this number 
of the Register (ante, pp. i'29-45). 

The following annual reports were presented : 

The Rev. Edmund F. Slafter. chairman of the committee for binding and index- 
ing the Knox Manuscripts, made an elaborate report. 

The Rev. Mr. Slafter, as corresponding secretary, reported that thirty-seven 
resident and nine corresponding members have been added to the society during the 
year. He also reported the usual correspondence relating to historical subjects. _ 

William C, Bates, the historiographer pro tempore, referred to the loss sustained 
by the society in the death of the Rev. Samuel Cutler, historiographer for live years 
and a half preceding. He then reported the number of members who have died 
during the past year", as far as known, to be forty-four. Their united ages are 3134 
years and 1 month, being an average of 71 years 2 months and 22 days. Memo- 
rial sketches of deceased members have been prepared and printed in the Register 
as promptly as the space at command would allow. 

Benjamin B. Torrey, the treasurer, reported the total income for the year to be 
$3,209.48, and the current expenses .^S. 193.25. leaving a balance on hand of ,$16.23. 
The receipts for life-membership were ,$150.00, making the present amimnt ot the 
fund $9,447.74. The amount of the fund for the support of the librarian is 
$12,763.13; of the Bradburv Fund, .<2.500.00 ; of the Towne Memorial Fund, 
$5,155.18 ; of the Barstow Fund, ,$1,003.36; of the Bond Fund, 8749.72 ; of the 
Cushman Fund, 64.09 ; and of the Sever Fund, $5,000.00 ; making a total for the 
eeveral funds, in the hands of the treasurer, of ,$36,683.22. 

John W. Dean, the librarian, reported that 651 volumes and 3,807 pamphlets had 
been added to the library during the year, of which 409 volumes and 3,687 pamph- 
lets were donations. The library now contains 16,591 volumes, and 51,998 
pamphlets. 

V\ illard S. Allen, in behalf of the committee on the library, reported that as iij 
previous years the donations have been numerous and valuable. In the library, at 
the present time, will be found nearly all the genealogical works printed in this 
country, and many of tho'^e published in Europe, while good pri)gre.s.s has been 
made in the acquisition of biograpliies and local histories published in this country. 

Jeremiah Colburn, in behalf of the publishing cuiiimittoe, reported that the Reg- 
ister to January, 1681, and the annual proceedings for IftttO, had been i.-sued under 
their charge since their last report. Two other works, under the charge ot other com- 
mittees, have been published, namely, the Towne Memorial Biographic-, and the 
Proceedings Oct. 25, 1860, the Centenary of the Constitution of Mut-sachusetts. 

The Rev. Dorus Clarke. D.D., chairman of the coiniuittee on papers and essays, 
reported that eight papers had been rea'l iiel'ire the society during the ytar. 

J. Gardner White, secretary of the c-jmiuittee on lueuiurials, reported the com- 

?letion of the first volume of Memorial Biographies printed at the charge of the 
'owne Memorial Fund. 

Thanks were voted to the president for his address, and the publi.shinL; committee 
were directed to print the address, with an abstract of the other proceedings. 

New Brunswick Historical Society. 

Si. John, N. /?., Thursday, Nov. 25. 1680. — The annual meeting was held this 
evening in the office of R. C. J. Dunn, Lawrence's Building, King Street, the presi- 
dent, J. W. Lawrence, E^q., in the chair. 

The president then laid before the society a letter which be had written, as presi- 
dent of the society, to the lieutenant governor of New Brunswick, suggesting 



1881.] Societies and their Proceedings. 187 

the corumeinoration of the centenary of the landini; of the loyalists at Parrtown 
and Carleton, now the city of Sr. John, hy the erection by subscription of a hail 
for the use of the New Brunswick Historical Society, Art Union, 2>'atural History 
Society and Free Library, as a memorial to tlie settlers of St- John, the covner stone 
to be laid May IS, 1S?3. The semi-centenuial of this event was observed with 
fitting ceremonies in 1833, 

A committee consisting of J. W. Lawrence, A. A. Stockton, W. P. Dole, Gilbert 
AJurdock, James Haunay and G. Herbert Lee, to cooperate with the civil bodies in 
taking measures to erect a Loyalist r^lemorial as indicated in this letter. 

The election of officers then took place, and the following officers were chosen : 

President. — J. AY. Lawrence. 

Vice-Presidents. — Gilbert Alurdock, A. A. Stockton. 

Recording Secretary. — Thomas \V. Lee. 

Corresponding Secretary — G. Herbert Lee. 

Treasurer. — D. P. Chisholm. 

Librarian. — George C. Lawrence. 

Executive Committee. — James Hannay, \Y . P. Dole, J. C. Miles, D. H. Water- 
bury, R. C. J. Dunn. 

Maixe Histokical Society. 

Portland, Wednesday, Feb 2, 18S1.— The society met at 2.30 P.M., the presi- 
dent, the Hon. James \V. Bradbury, in the ciiair. 

It was voted that the publications of the society hereafter shall be issued in two 
series : 1. Collections, to contain historical ducuments ; 2. Proceedings, to contain 
the papers and other transactions at the meetings ; and Hon. Israel Washburn, 
William Goold, Rev. Samuel F. Dike and Prof. Alpheus S. Packard were appoint- 
ed a Committee to publish forthwith a volume of Proceedings. 

Hon. Kufus K. Sewall read a paper on '• The Future Workof the Future Histori- 
an of Maine." 

In the evening the new rooms of the society in the Portland City Hall, to which 
its library has been removed from Brunswick, were opened by appropriate exercises. 
These apartments were previously occupied bj- the Portland Society of Natural 
History. 

President Bradbury delivered an address, which is printed in the Eastern Argus 
and Portland Press of Feb. 3. 

. At the close of this address the Hon. Israel Washburn, chairman of the commit- 
tee of arrangements, made a brief speech, in the course of which he explained how 
it came about that the Maine Histurical Society had returned to the home of its 
birth. Gen. John Marshall Brown then tendered the thanks of the society to the 
city for the rooms, a lease of which for ten years free of charge had been signed 
that afternoon. Mayor Sentef responded in behalf of the city. 

Hon. William Goold followed with a paper giving a history of the lot on which 
the City Hall now stands, and of the buildin^rs which had previously stood thereon. 

The meeting closed witli remarks by the Hon. G. F. Talbot, Dr. William Wood, 
president of the Natural History Society, Gen. Samuel J. Anderson, president of 
the Ik)ard of Trade, and the Hon. Joseph Williamson, of Belfast. 

Old CoLoxr Historical Society. 

Taunton, Mass., Monday, Nov, 8, 1880.— A regular meeting was held this 
evening. 
John Winthrop Ballantine read a paper on Gov. John Winthrop, his ancestor. 

Monday, Jan. 10. — The annual meeting was held this evening. 

James Henry Dean read a paper on John and Walter Deane, who were among the 
first settlers of Taunton. 

Reports from the treasurer and librarian indicated a good financial condition, and 
the publication of the Collections of the Society No. 2. Officers for the year were 
chosen as follows : 

President. — Hon. John Daggett, of Attleboro'. 

Vice-Presidents. — Rev. Mortimer Blake, D.D., Hon. Samuel L. Crocker, both of 
Taunton. 

Recording and Corresponding Secretary. — Charles A. Reed, El«q., of Taunton. 

Treasurer.— Thomas J. Lothrop, of Taunton. 



188 Societies and their Proceedings. [April, 

Librarian. — Ebenezer C. -\riiold, of Taunton. 

His/oriai;raph£r.— \\ iWidm E. Fuller, of Taunton. 

Dinc/ors.— The above-named utficers, and James Henry Pean, of Taunton ; Rev. 
S. Hopkins Emery, of Taunton: Arthur M. Alirer. of Taunton ; Hun. John S. 
Brayton, of Fall River ; Ellis Ames, of Canton^; Gen. Ebenezer W. Peirce, of 
Freetown . 

Wetmocth Historical Society. 

Weymoiith,-Mass., Wednesday, Jan. 5. 1S81.— The annual meetiu"- was held this 
evening at Tufts Library, the president. Elias Richards. Esq., in tlit^chair. 

Rev. Anson Titus, Jr., tlie corresponding secretary, and Dea. Gilbert Xash, the 
recording secretaiy, made their annual reports. The report of the library commit- 
tee was also read by Dea. :Nash. They are printed in full in the Weymouth Ga- 
zette, Jan. 21. 

The annual election then took place, and the following officers were elected, viz. : 

Prf5/(/e;(^— Elias Richards. 

Vice-President.— John J. Lnud. 

Corresponding Secretan^.—llev. Anson Titus, Jr. 

Recordinrj Seeretary. — Gilbert Xash. 

Treasurer.— W ilham 11. Clapp. 

Librarian.— Mi<s Carrie A. RIanchard. 

The above, with Rev. Lucien H. Frary, constitute the executive committee. 

Nominaling Co inmiUee.— John J. Loud; Samuel W.Reed; Auo-ustus J. Rich- 
ards. ° 

Library Cornmittee.—GWhevt Xash, F. U'. Lewis, and Rev. Anson Titus, Jr. 

Gilbert Nash followed with a paper on " The Extinct Families of Weymouth." 

Rhode Island Historical Societv. 

Providence, Tuesday. Dec. 23. ISSO.— A stated meeting was held this evenino- in 
the society s Cabinet, Waterman Street, the president, the Hon. Zachariah Allen, 
LL.U., in the chair. 

Hon. Abraham Payne read a paper on the History of Windham County, Conn. 

New York Genealogical and Biogkaphical Society. 

iVeip York N. 7.. Friday, Jan. 14, 1881.— The annual meeting was held this 
evening at Mott Memorial Hall. 

Gen James Grant \Vil<on read a paper on Millard Fillmore, Thirteenth Presi- 
dent of the Lnited States. 

Messrs. David P. Holton, John L. Latting and Charles B. Moore were reelected 
trustees for three years. At a meetin^: of the trustees subsequently, the followin''' 
gentlemen were elected officers of the society for the ensuing year : ° 

President.— UenryT. Drowne. 

Vice-Presidents.— FAhwonh I::iiot. M.D , and Gen. James Grant Wilson. 

Corresponding^ Secretary.— Vh:\v\e>i B. Moore. 

Recordiny Secretary.— jo^^eph 0. Brown. 

Treasurer — George H. Butler, M.U. 

Li^ran'a«.— Samuel Burhans, Jr. 

New Jersey Historical Society. 

TZ^"'^''^' '^''^"'■^^ay, Jan. -20. 1881.— The society met in the State House. 

Ihe following officers were elected tor IbSl : 

President.— 'S-Ara\xe\ x^L Hamill. Lawrenceville. 

Vice-Presidents.-John T. Xixon, Trenton ; John Clement, Haddonfield : Samu- 
el H. Pennington, M.D., Xewark. 

Corresii<jndm(j Secretary.— WWWnm A. Whitehead, Newark. 

Recordinrj .SVcrc/ari/.— U'illiam Xelson, Paterson. 

Treasurtr and L//>r«n'an.— Frederick \V. Rioord, Newark. 

Executive C'o/nm/V/?e.— Marcus L. Ward, Newark; John Hall, D.D., Trenton; 
bamuel Allison, Yurdville; N. Norria Haletead, Kearney; Joel Parker, Freehold ; 



1881.] J^ecroJogr) r,f Historic , Genealogical Socictij. 189 

Joseph N. Tiittlc, Newark; George Sheldon, D.D., Princeton; David A. Depue, 
Newark; Nathaniel Nile?. Madison. 

Gen. William S. Stryker read an interesting paper on the historj- of the Trenton 
Barracks, built about fT5^. and yet standing. 

On motion of Mr. Whitehead, resdlutions were pas?ed in flivor of continuing the 
publication by the state of the New Jei-sey Archives, and also of indexes to the wills, 
deeds, and other ancient records and documents in the gtate archives. 

John F. Hageman then read a paper on '" Religious Liberty in New Jersej'." 

Thanks were voted to Gen. Stryker and Mr. Hageman for their papers. 

Kansas Historical Society. 

The Lawrence, Kansas, Daihj Journal, Jan. 26, ISSl, contains a historical ad- 
drcf^s before this society at its annual meeting, by ex-Gov. Charles Robinson, in 
•which he narrates the history of the settlement- of Kansas, and the efforts by which 
it was made a free state. 



NECROLOGY OF THE XEW-EXGLAXD IHSTORIC, 
GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY. 

Prepared by Ixceease N. Takbox, D.D., Historiographer of the Society. 

The historiographer would iuform the society, that the memorial 
sketches which are prepared for the Register are necessarily brief 
in consequence of the limited space which can be appropriated. All 
the facts, however, he is able to gather, are retained in the Archives of the 
Society, and will aid in more extended memoirs for which the '' Towne 
Memorial Fund " is provided. The first volume, entitled •' Memorial 
Biographies," edited by a committee appointed for the purpose, has just 
been issued. It coutaias memoirs of all the members who died from the 
crganizatiou of the society to the close of the year 18o2. A second volume 
is in press. 

Henrt White, A.>L. a corresponding member, was one of the best-beloved and 
most honored citizens of New Haven, Conn. In that town was he burn, March 5, 
1803. Here he lived through bis long life, and here he died Oct. 7. 18-50. 

He was graduated at Yale dllege in 18-21, at the age of eighteen, with the high- 
est honors of his class. In 18'J.3 he became a tutor in the college, holding the otiioe 
for two years. Soon after, he entered upon the prolession of the law, in which he 
has been in the highest sense successful. We mean by this that his life has been 
full of business, while he has used his office only tbr the most just and honorable 
ends. He has been such a man as will always be found a real trea,»ure in any com- 
munity ; one of those to whom men in perplexity go. feeling that they shall find a 
sure friend and wise couns^-Uor. Xs a lawyer Mr. White made a specialty of real 
estate and trusts, and few men anywhere have been more sought for in this large 
and responsible department. He was a man of that noble christian type of which 
New England has reared Diany. During the long period of forty-three years, from 
1837 tilThis death, he tilled tae office of deacon in the Centre Church of New Ha- 
ven, one of the most irap:ir:ant ciiurches in New England. Here, tor a long course 
of years, he was brought into intimate and friendly relations with Dr. Leonard 
Bacon. As pastor and delegate they have attended together many ecclesiastical 
councils, and it is rare to fina a man wiser to give good advice on such occasions 
than was this distinguisLe-J layman. 

Mr. White became a c.jrrespjnding member of our society Feb. 9, 1854, and 
though his life has been very busy, yet, amid the multiplicity of hLs cases, he has 
felt a real interest in our work and its results. 

In 1830 he was marrie-i to MLs,s Martha Sherman, daughter of Roger Sherman, 
Esq., of New Haven, grandlaughter of the famous Roger Sherman of olden mem- 

VOL. XXIV. 17 



190 Xecrologu of Historic, Genecdorjical Society. [April, 

ory. By this marriaire he had seven 6ons, of whom six survive, and four of them 
cho?e the legal profession. 

Being such a man as he vras, it -was almost inevitable that he should be called 
into many positions of public responsibility and trust. He was a corporate member 
of the American Board for a lung course of years. He was connected as president 
or director with the American College and" Education Society from 1^^-14 to 1^T9. 
Indeed, he wa.s a director and counsellor in very many christian organizations, and 
it will be hard to tind another man who will exactly'fiU his place in the various 
spheres in which be acted. 

The Hon. William Hexrt TrTHiLL, of Tipton, Iowa, a corresponding member, 
was born in the city of New York, Dec. 5. ISOS. and died at Tipton, Sept 8, ISSO. 
The founder of the' family oa these shores settled in Southold, L-jng Island, in IGIO. 
The father of William was James M., who was a merchant ; and' his mother was 
Emma Townsend. As a boy he enjoyed the advantages of the New York schools, 
and made rapid advances in his early studies. He learned in his youth the art of 
copper and steel-plate engraving, and for a few years wrought at this trade. His 
health failing, he i:ave up the business as too sedentary and confining. At the time 
when the cholera first visited this country in 1S32. being then twenty-four years 
old, he was actively employed upon the Board of Health in Ntw York, and made 
the record from day to day of the cases of the disease. He was afterward for some 
years a clerk in the Chemical Bank of New York. 

In 1810 he turned from all these associations and employments to the far west, 
making his home in Tipton. Iowa, which was then almost unbroken prairie. He 
first opened a store, but soon turned his attention to law studies. He was admitted 
to the bar, Nov. 13, 1S46. and two years later was permitted to practise in the 
U. S. courts. In 1S55 he was elected judge of the Eiglith District, and retained 
this ofQce five or sis years. He also commenced the banking business as early as 
1850, which he prosecuted with success, being known in "Iowa as the Literary 
Banker. 

Judge Tuthill was interested in historical and genealogical pursuits, and was a 
great lover of books. He crathered a choice library of some 5000 volumes, which, 
since his death, has been sent to New York to be sold. 

Among his puMished writin_'S was an extended review of the famous Dred Scott 
decision, which was prepared and delivered as an address in Iowa in ISOO. and is 
believed to have increased the republican vtjte in the state that year. He wrote 
6ome Historical Sketches for the *' Annals of Iowa," and he gave the public ad- 
dress at the gathering of the Tuthill family at Southold, Long Island, in li?67. This 
address was publish.ed in the N. E. historical and Genealogical Regi-t'-r for July, 
1868. He was made a corresponding member of our society May 14, 18.55. 

He was a man of small stature. Though of average height, his weight, in his 
latter years, was only ah>out IO5 lbs. 

Judge Tuthill %va.s twice married, but had only one child, a son, who survives 
him. This is James William Tuthill. of Tipton, Iowa, from whose account the 
foregoing sketch has been chiedy compiled. 

William Brown Spoover. Esq., of Boston, a benefactor and life member, died at 
Boston, Oct. '28, 18^0, aged 74 vears. 

He was born at Petersham, Mass., April 20, 1606, son of Asa and Dolly (Brown) 
Spooner. His descent was from William Spooner, of Dartmouth, 1637, his grand- 
father Wing Spooner being one of the minute men, and afterwards a captain in the 
revolutionary- war. 

Mr. Spooner came to B.-ySton about 1825 to seek his fortune, and found it in the 
hide and leather business, from which he retired in 1873. His first employment on 
coming to Boston was with Emerc<-m & Jones. In 18.30 he commenced business for 
himself, the firm being Sinipkins & Spooner. On his retirement from a successful 
business career he was at the head of the firm of William B. Spooner & Co. Mr. 
Spooner in his lon:r business experience had enjoyed the confidence of the business 
community, and was selected as president of the New England Shoe and Leather 
Association on its formation, and was also a Commissioner of the State of Massa- 
chusetts at the Centennial Exhibition. He was a mem^^er of the house of represen- 
tatives of Mawachusett." in 1^57 and 1858. A business man of sound judgment and 
sterling Integrity, hLs advi-.e and counsel were often &jught by the young, and never 
in vain. Hia testimony was clear and open that each man had ia his own conscience 



1881.] JS^'ecroJogy of Historic, Genealogical Society. 191 

a safe guide, and that for himself he had found honesty the .^^l^ ,Pf ^^^-^^^/JP^^^^^^^^^ 
was actively interested in .11 good works, and vvas an early ^f ':f.^?/H,^^^f ^^ ^'^; 
to the temperance cause he save hi? heartiest counsels and most active labor^ He vva^ 
nre ' d.nVtTr srvera^^ vears of the Massachusetts Temperance Alliance, and was also 

Sm.r™nnSs oTtl,e - Uouie for Licde Wanderers." »nd a director m tbe Il.de 
and Leather Bank of Boston. ■ . . 

He married Lucy Huntinc^ton, a native of Connecticut, ^ J«f l^;"""; ^„,- ., „^, 

Mr. Spooner-s benefactions are too numerous to be recalled in ^'-e sP^je at our 

command • his example is of too much value to the world to receive only a parsing 

notice? Other LdSes in wliich he was actively interested - ^ -[-^^^^fSTf 

to which Mr. Spooner is entitled as an upright merchant, a good citizen, a triena ot 

™ His membership in the society is from Oct. 24, 1S70. w. c. bates. 

John Taylor Clarr, Esq., of Boston, a resident member, died in Dorchester, Oct. 
'Ve'was'lS^S-Sanbornton. N. 11. Sept. 19, l^'^^- the son of John H and Bets^^^^ 
Moore Taylor Clark. He received his education at the district schools, of hi:, native 
town an'l aLis ed upon the f-rm and in tlie st^re of his father, who was a trader 
and po't-nmster of what is now known as Clark's Corner After two vear.s l^rther ex- 
pSe'ie in a country store (at Franklin, N\ H.^ Mr. Clark came to Lo^^^^^^^ 
l{ twenty, and found employment with Jarvis A> Comery dealers in "^^^^^^^S^ '^^^'"^J 
that time 'Mr. Clark was cuntinuously interested in this hue of \r^,^e as an i^mport^^^^ 
and wholesale dealer, under the firm name at first ot Clark & Andre%vs, and later, 
until his death, as senior of the firm of Clark Adams & Clark 

He was greatly interested in the municipal rrovernment of ^-^^ ^"'^ JP'^.i^^f, ;*. 
member of the board of Aldermen from l«7-2 to 1-.8 inclusive. ^^^"^'"S ^hi. t me^h.s 
judgment was much relied upon by his associates, and '>«. ^"^^^^ "P"° £ ra, ^t 
important committees during his terms of office, being chairman of the boaid tor 

^'in Wness circles he had warm friends, and possessed the ^^^P^^^ and esteem^f 
all his associates ; and in resolutions adopted on his death at a meeting ot tern 
porters and deale'rs in crockery-ware, he is spoken of as a most prominent and pub^ 
Iic-spirited member, " an earnest advocate or every worthy euterpri:,e, and an 

^Xwas tStnterested in Masonry, and had reached the thirty-third degree of 
tbe Scottish Kite, and was a member of the order of Ki|i-hts templars 

Mr. Clark married Oct. 16, lb55. Elizabeth Weld Andiew.s and lea es five daurh 
ters and two sons. His residence had been on Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, for 
several years, but latterly at Savin Hill, Dorchester. ^ r n 

He was admitted Dec. 9, 1675. ^- ^- **' 

Nathan Bocrne Gibes, Esq., of Boston, a life member, died in Boston Dec. 5, 

^^HeSiltn'Tnlandwich, Mass., May 26, 1806, .son of Nathan B. and Salome 
(DiUin.ham) Gibbs. of that t-wn. He was educated at tbe common school with 
I few terms at the Sandwich Academy." and afterwards ^"tered hi, at er s tcrc 
in his native place. He was also for several years engaged with h s ""^l?,;^'^f^?- 
der Gibbs, in business in New Bedfbrd. In lf^35 his father-in-law -M-^- Be"j. min 
Burgess invited him to join him in business in B.ston. which he ^'^^^^ =^f V.^Jth^ 
when the firm Benjamin Bur-, ss ic Suns was formed. IIis connection wih this 
^ell-known firm cuntinueu till 1876, when Mr. Gibbs retired from f-^^^^^ 
He was twice married, to sisters, daughters ot Mr. Burgess. A widow and eii 

''MjS"n:^i::^d public ofBce. but had held positions of trust jn -hich Ws 
sound business judgment and careful integrity made hmi of ^i;^-^'^ ^'^ ';«;,;'^ \l^l^' 
terestH entrusted to him. He was a dn-ector in tlie Lremont Bank u i'^ i^^- ;^ 
Wharf Corporation, and a Trustee of tlie butl.lk havin;i8 Lank. "':'.7;^;^,;^^-'", ; 
kindly disposition, and his friendsliip was highly valued by a wide cncle His 
uiereantile career vas sacce,.ful and highly honorable. He was an upright, sin- 



192 JS^eo'oIoffi/ oj Ilistorlc, Genealogical /Sociely. [April, 

cere, honest man, and in the family a fond husband and kind fnther, a good example 
to his felluw man. His health had not been good for some time previous to his 
death, but he died suddenly from heart disease. 

He was admitted a member Dec. 6, 1S70. tt. c. b. 

The Rev. Frederick. Arcusirs "Whitntit, A.M., of Boston, Brishton District, a 
life member, died at liis home, Gardner Street. AUston, Oct. 21, ItSO, aged 68. 

He was born at Quincy, Mass., Sept. 12, 1S12, son of the Rev. Peter and Jane 
(Lineoln) Whitney, his descent being from John and Elinor Whitney, of Water- 
town, as follows : Juhn.' Watertown. 1635-6; Kichard- ; Moses^ ; Moses*; Kev. 
Aaron,* H. C. 1737 ; Rev. Peter,' of Northbnro,' H. C. 1762 ; Rev. Pcter.^ H. C. 
1791. Rev. Peter^ Whitney married April 30, 1800, Jane, daughter of Xathan 
Lincoln, by whom he had six children, and died suddenly (as had his father) March 
3, 1843. 

Fredciick A., fifth child of theabove, was born at Quincy, Mass., Sept. 13, 1812 ; 
was graduated at Harvard University 1833, being the fourth generation in direct 
line graduating at Harvard. He continued his studies at Cambridge Divinity 
School, graduating in 1833. He was ordained pastor at the First Church. Brigh- 
ton, Feb. 21, 1844, and continued in the charge of tliis parish until 1858, since 
' which time he had been engaged in literary and historical work. He belonged to a 
scholarly family, several uf whom had been specially interested in historical mat- 
ters. His grandfather. Rev. Peter,* wrote the "History of Worcester County." 

Mr. Whitney's father was pastor at Quincy of the church where Presidents Ad- 
ams, father and son, were pew holders and worshippers. A memorial sketch of 
this " Old Church at Quincy " was one of the early publislied works of ^Ir. Whit- 
ney. He contributed articles to the Register, and presented to the library several 
of his printed addresses. !Mr. Whitney was engaged in the preparation of a His- 
tory of Brigliton, left uncnmjileted at his death ; a portion of this work is embod- 
ied in Drake's History of Middlesex County. 

His intere-st in education was evinced for several years as a member of the school 
board of Brighton, and as a trustee of the Holton Public Library (now a branch of 
the Boston Public Library) at that plaee, where may be found many published 
reports, memoirs and a<ldi esses from his pen. He was widely known and respected 
in the Unitarian denomination to which he belonged. 

Mr. Whitney married Jan. 11, 1853, Elizabeth Perkins Matchett, who survives 
him. 

His membership in this society is from Feb. 14, 1853. w. c. b. 

The Hon. Peleg SpR.^GCE, LL.D.,an honorary member, admitted March 28, 1855, 
died at his resideuce, Chestnut Street, Boston, Wednesday morning, Oct. 13, 1680, 
aged 87 years. 

He was born in Duxbury. Mass., on the family estate, April 29, 1793 ; was grad- 
uated at Harvard College with honors in 1812 ; and on taking his second degree in 
1815, he received the highest honor in English oratory. In 1847 his Alma Mater 
fittingly bestowed the honorary degree of LLD. 

Haviiif: chueen the profession of law, he prepared himself fir=t under Judge Tho- 
mas, of Plymouth, then in the Litchfield Law School, and lastly in the ofiice of the 
lion. Levi Lincoln, at Worcester. Ue came to the Plymouth County bar in 1815, 
and shortly afterwards removed to Augusta, Me., when, after a practice of two 
years in that place, he settled in Hallowell. where he speedily acquired distinction. 

In 1820-1 he was a member (jf the .Maine legi.^lature, then declined a reelection. 
He was next appointed district-attorney and judge-advocate, but resigned both 
ofiices after a brief incumbency. From i825-9 was a representative in Congress, 
and from 1829-35 a senator in Congress. On completing his senatorial term he re- 
moved to Boston, and continued to practise his profession till the winter of 1810, 
•when impaired health compelled him to seek a change of climate in the warmer 
atmosphere of Florida. After an absence of .several m mths he returned, and in 1841 
was chosen a presidential elector : and the same year he was appointed Judge of 
the District Court of the United States f.r Massachusetts, which office he resigned 
in ln65. Before his appointment as judire. Harvard College offered him the chair 
of Ethics and Moral Philosophy ; but he declined. Tlie Harvard Law School re- 
peatedly Bought Judge Sprairue's services as profes.sor of law, but without success. 
He published " Speeches and Addresses" in 1858, and " Decisions " in 18G1 and 
1868. 



1881.] yecrology of Historic, Genealogical Society. 193 

As a politician Judge Sprap:ae ranked at the start as anti-Jackson, and though 
in after life not an extreme partisan, his leaning -was always in oppot^ltion to the 
followers of" tliat positive President. He continued deeply interested in political 
aflairs to his last days, and was kept fully informed of passing events. His public 
life vras a grand success : his private lite without spot or blemish : and as lawyer 
and judge he was held in the highest esteem. He was a model of what may be 
accomplished b}' a man of indomitable will under affliction ; lor, from his college 
days, he was troubled with a nervous afl>ction of the eyes, causing him a great part 
of the time to be obliged to pursue his studies by hearing only, being unable to 
read ; but soon after he began to practise an iuiprnvement took place. Soon after 
he went upon the bencli his trouble grew so much wurse that he was obliged to 
darken the court-room during trials, and even had to keep his eyes closed in the 

Eresence of those addressing him. During his last days he became practically 
lind, and was obliged to depend on the services of an attendant, with whom he 
might have been frequently seen on pleasant days enjoying a walk on tlie common. 

In August, 1B18, Judge Sprague married Sarah, daughter of Moses Demiiig, of 
TVhitesb'jro', N. Y., wjio at the death of her parents had become the ward of <_ien. 
Joseph Kirkland, of L tica.an eminent lawyer. Three sons and one daughter were 
the traits of this union : — 1. Charles Franklin, died in 1S40, unmarried. 2. .Setli 
Edward, lawyer, married Harriet B., daughter of Willinm Lawrence, and niece of 
Amos and Abbott Lawrence. He died in 1?G9. Icavinir three son= — \Villiam Law- 
rence, M.D., a graduate of Harvard College ; Cliarles Franklin, a graduate of ILtt- 
vard College, now a student of the Harvard Law School, and Ricnard, an under 
graduate of Harvard College. 3. Francis Peleg, M.D., married Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of John .-\raory Lowell, of Boston. 4. Sarah, married George P. Upham, now 
a citizen of Nahant ; they have George P. Upham, Jr., an under-graduate of Har- 
vard, and one daughter. 

Judge Sprague was uf the sixth generation from WiViam} Sprar/ve, who came 
from England in 1629 to Salem, and'tinally settled in Hingham, where he tilled va- 
rious town offices. His son, Sergt. Samuel," born in IGK), removed to Marshfield, 
where he became a valued citizen, tilling numerous offices, besides being the iburth 
and last secretary of the Old Culony. Samuel.' his son, settled in Duxbury, and 
■was father of Phinean* a prominent citizen, whose son. the Hon. Sclk^ Spra/jue, 
father of the deceased, was a pruminent merchant of Duxhury, and many years in 
the Massachusetts senate and house of representatives. n. ellery. 

.Thomas Carter Smith, Esq., a resident member, admitted 1846, died at his resi- 
dence in Brimmer Street, Bo^tun, Septemh ;r 2-i, 1S50. in bis 85th year. 

He was born in Court Street, B>-;:on, July 14, 179G. In 1811 he entered the 
counting room of Messrs. Rjpes i Pickman, to fit himself for a mercantile career; 
but he soon relinquished this employment for a sea-faring life. From 1915 to 1829 
he made many voyages to the East indies, the Mediterranean and South America, 
first in the cajiacity of captain's clerk and afterwards as captain. He was lull of 
anecdotes of his experience during these many visits to other lands ; was wont to 
tell of his capture by Greek [.irates, and of the many distinguished persons he had 
met and known. Prominent among these was Lord Byron, who look a great fancy 
to this young and hands-ome American, then livini: in Leghorn. He at one time 
while abroad lived under the same rc^jf v\ith the Princess Pauline Bonaparte. At 
home his family occupied a high social position ; thus accustomed to mini^le in cul- 
tivated and refined circles, he was well fitted to meet, and be well received by, emi- 
nent persons abroad. 

As a business man he was active, honest, sagacious ; and firm as a rock when con- 
vinced he was in the riiriit. From 1849 to I8t38 he was president of the Merchants' 
Insurance Company ; and from 1842 to 1880 treasurer of the Lewis Wharf Corpo- 
ration. These offices he tilled to his credit, proving himself worthy of the trusts. 

He was a strong character: strong in his aflections ; strong in his likings, and 
equally stnjnir in showin? his dislike of mean ways and mean people. Eminently 
domestic in his tastes, he lov<.d wife and ciiildren tenderly. Not knowing actually 
what sickness was till vtry recently : with a .-trong reliii^us faith in the great truths 
which underlie all creeds; rarely talking of his religious exjjeriences, — for he hated 
cant, it only remained that a happy death should fitly end what he often called 
" a singularly happy life." 

And death came, after this long and useful life, and found him ready and well 
prepared to enter upon that other life beyond the grave. So he passed away, with 

VOL. XXXV. 17* 



194 I^ecrologij of Historic, Genealogical Society. [April, 

little suffering or pain of any kind, repeating the old hj-mns and prayers he used to 
saj' 5"ears ago, and \vent without a murmur. 

He marrfed. in 1S31, Frances, daughter of Moses Barnard, of Nantucket, -who 
Burvives him with five children, viz. : 1. Frances Barnard, married Thomas Davis 
Town^end ; 2. Hannah; 3. Thomas Carter, married .Mary Gclpi, of New Orleans, 
and has one son Thomas; 4. WUliam Vincent, who, since his father's death, has 
assumed the name uf Carter, married Alice, daughter of the Rev. John Parkman, 
and has one son Theodore Parkman ; 5. Elizahfjh Hall. 

Mr. Smith's lineage, of the most respectable character, is traced to Thomas* 
Smith, of Charlestown, Mass., who is said to have come from England about 1660, 
and married Sarah, daughter of Thomas Boylston. Their son Capt. \Villiam,- born 
March 24, 1666-7, was a wealthy shipmaster and merchant of Charlestown. He 
died June 3, IT30. His Avife was Abigail, daughter of Isaac Fowle. Their son 
Isaac,'^ one of the wealthiest merchants and the largest shipowner of his day in 
Bostun ; also a larire contributor of funds to carry on the Revolution, was born in 
1719 and died in 17S7. He married Elizabeth :?torer. The Rev. William Smith, 
of U'eymouth, H. C. 1725, who married Elizabeth, daughter of Col. John Quincy, 
and whose daughter Abigail married President John Adams, was his brother. 
William,* son of Isaac, ^ burn in 1755 ; H. C. 1775 ; a soldier of the Revolution and 
merchant of Boston, married Hannah Carter, uf Newburyport, and was father of 
Thomas Carter* Smith. Mr. Smith's uncle, Rev. Isaac Smith, H. C. 1767, was 
preceptor of Byfield Academy. h. e. 

EcMtrsD Bailev O'Callaghax, M.D., LL.D., a corresponding member of this 
society since May 9, 1854, died at New York. .May 29, 1S80, aged 63 years. 

He was born at Mallow, County of Cork, Ireland, February 29, 1797. The young- 
est son of a " well-to-do " family, he received a liberal education, and spent two 
years at Paris pursuing his studies. Returning to his home, he shortly proceed- 
ed to Canada, arriving at Quebec in 1S23. where he continued the study of med- 
icine, and was admitted to practice in 1S27. He became well known as an ardent 
friend of Ireland and of Irishmen in Canada, and became the editor of the Vindica- 
tor, the organ of the patriots. He was a member of the Provincial Parliament in 
1835, and in" the difficulties between the patriots and the government in 1837, he 
took a prominent part with Papineau and Perrault. He fled from Canada, having 
became obnoxious to the government by the vigur of his opposition, and a reward 
•was offered for his capture. He came to New lork, and was received and sheltered 
by Chancellor Walworth at Saratoga. 

Dr. O'Callaghan commenced the practice of medicine at Albany in 1838, and was 
in a short time'appointed custodian of the historical manuscripts in the olBce of the 
secretary of state at Albany. His studious habits and historical taste led him to 
extensive research among the early records of the state, and f(jr this purpose he 
learned the Dutch language, the early archives being in that language. Hjs first 
published work, tlie result of these researches, was " The History of New Nether- 
lands." Numerous historical works fjUuwed from his pen, notably the "Jesuit 
Relations of Discoveries." " Documentary History of New York," " Commissary 
"Wilson's Orderly Book." " Orderly Book of Gen. John Burgoyne," " Journals of 
the Legislative Assemblies of the State of New York," " American Cibles," " The 
Register of New Netherlands," " Voyages of the .slavers of St. John and Arms," 
♦' Voyage of George Clarke to America," " Historical Manuscripts relating to the 
War of the Revolution," " Laws and Ordinances of New Netherlands, 1638-1674." 

In 1870 Dr. O'Callairhan removed to New York city, and was engaged in prepar- 
ing for the press the "'Pruceediniis of the Common Council of New York from 1674 
tol870." This was printed but never published, the reaction from the Tweed gov- 
ernment leading the authorities to ignore the work. ^ 

Dr. O'CaliaLrhan was confined to his room two years previous to his deatn. The 
degree of M.Dr was conferred on him in 1846 by St. Louis University ; and St. John s 
College, Fordham, N. Y., conferred upon him that of LL.D. He was a member of 
the ]?ew York Historical Society, and was admitted a corresponding meml^er of 
this society May 9, 1854. w- c b. 

Prof. WiLLUXi Chan'Nixg Fowler, LL.D., a resident member admitted February 
19, 1663, died at Durham, Conn., Jan. 15, 1831, in his b8th year. 
He was born in what lb nuw Clinton, Conn, (formerly Kilhngworth) , September 



1881.] Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society. 195 

1 , 1793. When he ^vas four years old his parents removed to Durham, and in 1S09 
thev removed a-ain to Madison, Conn. From his early boyhood he yas an ea^er 
eekerXx- books. Considering Dr. Fooler's ^reat age.at Ins .'^f h; ^V^-.f^;^-"!/ 
remarkable that one of the instructors under .vhose tmtion he fitted for college Dr. 
Lonard Withington, of Newbury, Mass. should st.U be ^'''''■i-.}^''''f.J^'^}'l 
entered Yale Colie-e in lSl-2. and was graduated in due eourse in l6.6. Dmin- a 
part of hSsen^or year he was Rector of the Hopkins Grammar School. Aiter his 
Suadonhespenca ye-ar as private tutor in the family of Maj . John Armistead, 

iS'tumin- to New Haven he was a-ain made Rector of the Gnimmar School, and 
commenced the studv of theolo-y. In 1519 he was chosen tutor, and held th.s ufBce 
Sk five years. In the vear l6>25 he was settled as pastor of the Congreganona 
Chu4 in Greenfield. Maks. In ISCT he was chosen Professor of Chemistry and 
Natuml History in Middleburv College. He accepted and continued m othce eleven 
years In 1S38 he took the Prottssofship of Rhetoric, Oratory and Belles Lcttrcs m 



Amherst College, remaining in otSce lour vears. He continued to reside at \m 




was 



kept busy by various studies. nL^torieai, literary arm geueaiu-.Y". -/"-^h "- 
publi-^hed pamphlets and vulume^ are the following : Sermon at^ the ordinn ion of 
Rev PcobertSouth.-ate. Woodstock. 153-2: Discourse before the Vermont Coloniza- 
Son ISSJ, Middiebury. 1S34, pp. 34 ; E^^^l^ V^^--^^ ^^f English Langua^ 
in its Elements and Forms, N. Y., 1550, pp. 67o : Cultivation of the Faste-AddresS 
Ltilt Ih3lyoke Female Seminary, Amherst. 1550, pp. 31 ; Address on Music, pn. b ; 
The ClerU and Popular Education, pp. li: Sermon at the Dedication of^outh 
Con.re'atfonal Church. Duriiam. Amherst, 1548; Address before the MicMlesez 
Country -ricultural Society, Middletown, 1853. pp. 19; Condition of buccc.. m 
Geneaoiical Investigation: illustrated in the Character of Nathaniel Ch^i^ncey; 
Paper relid before the N. E. Historic Genealogical Society lb6B. PP- 23- ihe fol" 
■lowincr are bound volumes : Memorials ot ttie Chaunceys, Boston, lso8 Hi>to y of 
Durham from 106-2 to lc66, Hartford, 1.G6 ; Local Law in Massachusetts ana Lon- 
?eetcurhi^oricallycm=idered, Albany, 1572; Essays, Historical, Literary and 
FXcatirnal Hartfold, 1-76; The Sectional Controversy, or passa-es in the politi- 
il hS?ry oVlire UuLi States, including the Causes of the \^ ar between the sec- 

^'^Jof^F^^ti^d^^e^i^dlrom wlmam Fowler, of Milfbrd. Conn., and on his 
mother's 'ide from President Charles Caauncey. In addition to his literary Libors, 
Xve noticed he was, in 1845, editor of the University Edition of Webster s 

^ ProT'Ller was married July 21 , 1S25, to Mrs. Harriet i;^J^^^'-p^-f'^^\^'^ 
of Noah Web'^ter, lexicographer, and widow ot Edward Cobb, of Portland, Conn. 
She dTed March SC), lo44.' They had four children, three sons and a daughter. 

The Rev Jonv Waddixgtox, D.D., of l^ndon, England, a corresponding mem- 
ber of thTs'soS- sio?e Deo. 27, 1554', died in Undon, September 30, 1850, aged 69 
^'e'was born at Leeds Dec. 10,1810; educated at Ai^^f^ College and od^d 
castor of the Con-rec^ational Church, Stockport, May -23 lb33. In 1846 Ur. U ad- 
Sintton rem^ved"t:. bT.utbwark, wher'e he remained until 1871, in charge of a Con- 

^1f iSe'tiSd this country and was present at the dedicatory services at Ply- 

louth Rock, in which he t.x^ 
The degree D.D. was conti 

shed several works on reiigl 
being the best known in this country. 



"^e SS^'D:S^ts coii^by Williams College. Dr^Waddington had pu^ 
lisLlseveJal works on religious topics, his Congregational History in four^volumes 



n.v* BoARDM^v Ptrrv^M, M.D., of Boston, Mass., a resident member, was bom 
inRut^fSd,X',Se,^^^ borne, 59 Temple Street, Boston, 

'^l5r™he\*on'o/jaiol'i>atnam. also born in Rumford, June 6 1791. and of 
Betsev Parker bon in Yarmouth. Me.. March 4, 1794. He was ot the ninth gene- 
S from Jolm Putnam of Salem (1634;, throui^h Lis son Nathaniel. The early 



196 ITecroJogu of Historic, Genealogical Society. [April, 

years of Dr. Putnam "were spent in labor upon his father's farm. At the ai:;e of 
twenty he entered upon his studies preparatory to coUeice, at tirst in the Maine 
Wesleyan Seminary, and. afterward in Yarmouth Seminary. In 1818 he entered 
Bowdoin Colleire. and was graduated, in due course, in 1S5"^. lie pursued liis med- 
ical studies at Buwdoin CuUege, at JeiJergon Medical Colie<fe, Pa., and at the Medi- 
cal College of Georgia, receiving irom each of these two last named institutions the 
degree of iNI.D. ; from the former in 1853, and from the latter in 1854. During his 
course of education he paid his own way, and that chiefly by teaching school in 
the winters. 

As a physician he settled in Troup County, Georgia, in 1856, where he remained 
for sixteen years, having a large medical practice on an extended territnry. The 
region over which he rode, day and night, was malarious, and his healtli suffered 
eeverely from these exposures. At length came the war of the rebellion. Though 
he had endeavored to leave for the north before this contest began, he was delayed, 
and was compelled to remain south during the years in which the struggle lasted. 
In 18G8 he came north with his family, and settled as a physician in Boston, wliere 
he has since resided. 

Dr. Putnam was united in marriage, December 19, 1854, to Iluldah Jane Manly, 
daughter of Kichard Manly, of Alabama. By this union were five children, two 
sons and three daughters, who with their motlier survive. Dr. P. was prominently 
connected with the ^lasons and Odd-Fellows, as also with the Sons of Temperance. 
He was a man of good culture, and used his pen Ireely, as occasion called, both in 
prose and verse. For one year (1855) he was Professor of Languages in the south- 
ern Military Academy at Fredonia, Alabama. 

For some years past he has given special attention to genealogical studies, and 
has been deeply interested in preparing a Putnam fauiily tree. Cpon this he 
has inserted the names of an immense number of that prolific race which sprang 
from John Putnam of Salem. lie has gathered more thau 2,000 names of the male 
descendants of John Putnam. 

Dr. Putnam was made a member of the society, Oct. 6, 1879. 

The Rev. Silas KETCnrsi. a resident member, was born in Barre, Vt., Dec. 4, 
1835. He was the son of Silas and Cynthia (Doty) Ketchum. 

At the age of fifteen he learned the shoemaiier's trade, and by its practice helped 
to support his invalid parents until the death of his father in 1p55. His leisure 
time, forced out of late hours, was devoted i6 the study of hard earned books. He 
entered the Hopkinton Academy in the spring of 18.56, and although his opportu- 
-nities for study had been so limited, he was hy no means an inferior scholar. Be- 
fore leaving the academy, he served as assistant teacher ; and, in ibjS-SO, he taught 
in the high school at Amherst. In May, 1860, he entered Appleton Academy, ^ew 
Ipswich, and this was his last term at school. He married, April 4. 1860, Georgia 
Cevetia Hardy, dauL'hter of Elbridge and Sarah (Stevens) Hardy, of Amherst, by 
•whom he had two children — 1. Georfje Crowdl ; 2. Edmund Silas. 

In the autumn of 1860 he entered Bangor Theoloiricul Seminary, and graduated 
in 1863. During the three years here he supported himself and family by working 
at his trade of shoemaking. lie also pursued many studies outside of those required 
in the seminary. 

After graduating he taught for a short term in Nelson High School, while await- 
ing an engagement as par-tor. In December, 1>^63, Mr. Ketchum commenced 
preaching at Wardsboro', Vt.. remaining there until September, 1865. He was or- 
dained pastor of the Congregational Church at Bristol, X. H., Sept. 17. 1607, and 
remained thereuntil May 2, 1875. From July, 1875, till October, lis76, he was 
minister of the Congregational Church at Maplewood (Maiden), Mass. He preached 
at Henniker through the fall and winter of 1876-77. On the 15th of July, 1877, 
he commenced preaching to the Second Congregational Church, \Vindsor, (,'onn., 
and was installed its pastor May 1, 1879, where he continued to preach until a few 
weeks previous to his death. He was highly esteemed as a faithful and self-sacri- 
ficing pastor. 

His love for literary pursuits began at an early age. A.s soon as he learned to 
read and write he began a diary on odds and ends of paper which he afterwards 
kept in note books. While at school he wrote several creditable articles in prose 
and verse, and his school " compositions " were of superior merit. In 1860-Gl he 
became a regular contributor to various papers and periodicals in New England. 
He published many works in book and pamphlet form. His greatest literary un- 



1881.] Serology of Historic, Genealogical SocieUj. 197 

"Tie°;t''at'Slrj\u1^^rT^irious societie. In .873 hebeo^^^^^^^^ 

dence of Mr. Gage, April 24 following. » . • . 

Cot Jiire^ Hfmphill Joxis. U. S. Marines, a life member, was the son of Mor|ai 
and MaryTHenplul) Jones, and was born at Wilmington, Delaware, May 6, l^2\ 

He wS ednc" ed a the l.iV. Khool at Ellington, Conn., and entered the rerenne 
Kr,rce Mareh 3 1S47, as second lieutenant, and afterwards the Marine Lorps, 
where he r'ie to the rait of eolonel. He was an ornament to the semce and h.gh- 

'^iS''d"Si''iJnmS'ro„ltiva.cd tastes, fond of historiealst^^^^^ 

teSh^(^st^ss!si';siirs"spSo^o/'^^%.£|n;^ 

i:t£'^e;sa'/loTSSrSiTr^Napirat%=!"ii?en'a,'o^^ 

■'T m^aSed.'rpTembcr 27. IS-B, Margaret Ross Patterson, who .nrvive. hirn^ 

K4ea*fs?;r.'d,;?i:t^^^^^^^^^ 

J^S^ r SSr-firrS'llfS. I'^tjnf ;,[= k' '»= eerem^les ,.. 

Flag," page 399. 

JoBX ScRTBNER Jexxess, A.B.. of New York city, a co^^^PI^^^^fj^^^V^^^^J^t^O^ 
born^n DeerfieW, N. H., April 6, 1S27, and died at Newcastle, N. U., August 10, 

''lie wS'the Tnir-n of Richard and Caroline f McClintock) Jenness. His father 

i;^k£^stSei;!.|:«^^^^ 

S»r</,= bom 1BS6, Rickard,' bom 1717, R^hard.' born 1,47, Thomm, bom 
1772. and /te;<»rrf,> his father 1,801, he traees his de«ent. 

.hfpr:!S"ofLrif P^ l"r^.'*lS. a^d'rJffl?^ 

eUy jr^ew York in .B.M, where he continued in l,,s,,™les.,n.«t,abou 4^^^^ 

rrinr;L^SLrn'S't;^;d:rn;;^s£s?tfi^2wntrsbir^S 



198 Booh Notices. [April, 

printed for the use of bis friends, " Notes oa the First Plantinsj of New Ilainp- 
Bhire, and on the Piscataqua Patents." In 1S72 he issued for private circulation a 
" ^Memorial of the late ilon. Pvichard Jenness," with a senealogy of tlie Jenuess 
family. Also, in 1SG6, a hook of European travel. At the time of his decease he 
was far advanced in the composition of a historical romance founded on events and 
characters in Acadia more than two centuries ago. 

Mr. Jenness had a fine poetic taste. He was fond of music and mountain 
scenery, especially that ot northern Europe. The literature he best knew, and 
enjoyed most, was the old Eni^lish, and that of the north, the Scandinavian ; and 
in the leirendary history of Norway and the frontiers of Hungary, which he sev- 
eral times visited, he was well versed". His library, a fine one, was well stored with 
Scandinavian literature and with English local histories. He was possessed of a 
•wonderful memory, a quick perception, a strong intellect, with great enthusiasm 
and force of character. 

He married, February 9, 1866, Mary Elizabeth, daughter of William I. Pease, of 
New York city, who, with three daua:hter3, 1. Caroline McCliniock, 2. Mary Hali- 
burlon, and 3. Clara Rosina, survived him. The widow has since died. 

He was admitted a corresponding member March 4, 1876. 

S. CUTLER. 

Elias Hasket Derby, A.M., of Boston, a resident member since May 11, 1874, 
died at Boston, March 31, ISSO, aged 76. 

He was born at Salem, Sept. '2A. 1S03, a son of Elias H.* and Lucy (Brown) 
Derby, and descended frum Rogpr^ Derby, who emigrated from Topsham, Eng- 
land, about 1605. and settled in Es.sex County, Mass., through Richard"- Richard,^ 
Elias Haskei,^ Elias Haskell his father, who was born and bred in Boston, but 
later in life resided in Charlestown and Londonderry, N. H. A memoir of the first 
Elias Hasket Derby is published in the Lives of Eminent American Merchants. 

Mr. Derby commenced his studies at the academy of Dr. Stearns, of Medford, 
then attended the Pinkerton Academy at Londonderry, N. H.. and the B iston Latin 
School. He entered Harvard College and graduated with the Latin Salutatory in 
1824. He then studied law tor a time in the otSce of Daniel Webster, and was 
admitted to the bar in 1826. where he attained a high position. He was much in- 
terested in railroads, being engaged as counsel in many important cases connected 
witti their interests, and held tlie office of president of several railway c impaniea. 
His interest and knowledge of various interests and public questions was very ex- 
tended and full. He was what we call a public-spirited man, contributing to maga- 
zines and newspapers his opinions upon many public questions. One of the last 
questions engaging his attention was that of the sewerage system of Boston. 
Among other works he published. Two Months Abroad, 1844 ; The Catholic. 1856 ; 
A Trip Across the Continent, known as the Overland Route to the Pacific, and 
several others. Mr. Derby had travelled through most of the states of our Union, 
and had been three times to Europe, travelling over the greater part of it. 

He married Eloise Floyd Strong, daughter of George \V. Strong, of St. George's 
Manor, Long Lsland, afterwards an eminent lawyer of New York. 

Mr. Derby leaves four sons and one daughter — Dr. Hasket Derby, oculist ; 
George Derby, counsellor at law ; Dr. Richard H. Derby, oculist, of New York ; 
Nelson Fluyd' Derby, architect, and Lucy Derby. w. c. b. 



BOOK NOTICES. 



The Editor requests persons sendin;; books for notice to slate, for tlie informition of 
readers, the price of each book, with the amount to be added fur postage when sent bj 
mail. 

The North American Review. Edited by Allf.v TnoRNOiKE Rice. [Published 
monthly by D. Appleton & Co., New York. Terms: $5.00 per annum.] 

The life of this leading and representative literary review, covers a long period 
in the history of American letters. We speak of life as meaning vitalicy, and 
force, and influence— and all thete belong especially to the old " North American." 



1S81.] Booh Xotlces. 199 

Established oriiriiially in 1S15 by William Tador, it ?oon became the or<ran of an 
association of the foremost literary rrentlemen and scholars of Boston, and early 
received the aid of such brilliant writers of the time as William Tudor, Xathan 
Hale, Richard II. Dana, Edward T. Channinc and Jared Sparks. It led a some- 
what varying life up to ISCO, when the editorship was assumed by Edward Everett, 
who filled the position for four yeirs. It then became the property of that distin- 
guished scholar and historian. Jared Sparks, by whom it was edited until 1S30. 
The Review from its foundation received the contriiiutions of the foremost scholars 
and writers inthe country, while of that distimruished number of persons eminent 
for literary, scientitic or pror"essional learning who resided in the neighborhood of 
Boston, nearly all were contributors to its pages. Among these may be mentioned 
Chief Justice Shaw. John Adams. Josiah Quincv, Daniel Webster, Jud>:e Story, 
Dr. Buwditch. "William II. Prescott. Edward Everett, J. G. Palfrey, AVilliam Cul- 
len Bryant, Theophilus Parsons, Caleb Cusidng and George Ticknor. In 1S30 the 
Review passed under the edifu-ial management of ILin. John G. Palfrey — the uosv 
Teneral)le historian of New England — who conducted it for seven years. Among 
the distinguished contributors to its pages durincr this period were Admiral Davis, 
Lewis Cass. Rufus Choate. Prof. Cornelius C. relton, Henry R. Schoolcroft and 
J. Lothrop Motle3'. In lSJ-2 Mr. francis Bowen became its editor, which service 
was rendered by him until 1S54. when he was succeeded by Rev. Andrew P. Pea- 
body, who continued to edit it for a period of ten years. During this period the pairea 
of tlie review were enriched bv the contributions of George S. IliUard, Richard H. 
Dana. Jr., Charles Erancis Adams, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Charles Sumner, Ralph 
^yaldo Enier-son and Henry W. Longfellow. Tiie more recent history of the Re- 
view, which embraces the .successive editorial Wurk of James Russell Lowell, Ed- 
ward L. Godkiu and Allen Thorndike Rice, is Htmiliar to all scholars; and with 
this modern period new and vig.jrous writers are furnishinir articles to its pasres, 
which, as the years go on. will n<.t sutlVr in comparison with the contributions' of 
those brilliant and foundation writers who, in the early day.s of American litera- 
ture, made this grand old review the .synonym of all that was .scholarly, and able 
and pi-ofound in letters. During the past two years the review, in its monthly 
form— which we are far from approving— has treated in a manly way almost every 
vital subject of literature, social science and national polity. The names of some - 
of its Contributors are new. but they are becoming quite representative, while 
among them are not a few of- the fjremost scholars of the time— James Anthony 
Froude, Goldwin Smith. Sir James E. Thorold Rogers, George Ticknor Curtis, 
George S. Boutwell, David A. Weils, Francis Parkman, Richard H. Stoddard. Alex- 
ander Wincheli, Henry W. Bellows. Of irreat and special value to all sciiolars of 
American history and antiquity, is the ser'es of articles now publishing on the ru- 
ined cities of Central America, by M. Desire Charnay, illustrated by heliotype 
plates, and forming one of the most important c^jntributions to American history 
that has appeared in Jate years. Tlie introduction to this series by the e'litjr. Mr. 
Rice, which appeared in tiie number for August las:, is a tine example of compact, 
clear and brilliant writing. If less American than formerly in its choice of writers 
and treatment of subjects, and more international — and on this account less 
acceptable to a few readers — it must be remembered that American scholarship 
is more cosmopolitan, and treatment of all great questions bears a more iutimate 
relation to the nations, than in the early days of our literature. While being 
somewhat international it Ls nevertheless truly Aii^erican, and what is more is the 
Norlh American i?ti-?eio of Bryant and Irving, Ticknor and Bancroft, Everett and 
Lowell. 

[By Samuel L. Boardman, Esq., of Augusta, Me.] 

Historij of Newton, Massachusetts. Town and City, from its Earliest Settlement to 
the Present Time. IG30 to l'5-O. By S. F. Smith, D.D. Boston: The Ameri- 
can Logotype Company. I^-iO. [Svo. pp. xi.-}-S51, with map and illustrations. 
Price .< 1.50 in cloth : s5.50 in Arabesque leather, and $6.50 in half calf. For 
sale by A. Williams & Co.,2?3 Washington Street, Boston.] 

The beautiful city of Xewton, with its picturesque scenery of hill, dale and river, 
its broad shady avenues, its hand->me churches, public baildiiiLCS and private es- 
tates, its neat and well-ordered general appearance, the lovely views on the Charles 
River, as it winds its serpentine coils around three sides of the town, recalling 
.Longfellow's lines. 



200 Boole Notices, [April, 

" River ! That in silence windest 

Through the meadows briirht and free, 
Till at night thy rest thou findest 
In the bosom of the sea !" 
Thc8C qualities, to,a;ether with its quiet air of comfort and repose, might well inspire 
the eloquence of ttie poet or the skill of the painter, as well as the matter-of-fact 
description of the historian. 2sewtoa is in its modern irarb one of the finest examples 
of Massachusetts taste, culture and wealth, as exhibiFud in the development of sub- 
urban cities ; and this fact, coupled with the remarkable natural beauty of its lo- 
cality, render it one of those lovely and attractive spots which the citizens of our 
old Commonwealth may justly look upon with pleasure and with pride. 

Newton has found an able chronicler in the person of the Rev. Dr. S. F. Smith, 
who, although he has not dwelt much upon the local beauty of his subject, has yec 
brought to bear upon it a commendable industry, which the seeker after local his- 
torical facts will readily appreciate. He has followed Dr. Paige to some extent in 
that author's history of Cambridge, the parent town of Newton^ The early history 
and gradual progress of the latt'er through all tlie vicissitudes of fortune which 
usually mark the record of our provincial towns, is given with fidelity and justice. 
The various institutions of Newton are described in\letail, and the public spirit of 
its citizens is well expressed in the following extract from a portion of the address 
of George II. Jones, Esq., on the occasion of the transfer of the Newton Free Li- 
brary to the city government, March 16, 187B, which Dr. Smith gives on page H90 : 

" The citizens of Newton have ever recofrnized that public benefits require public 
benevolence, and that the giving must precede the enjoyment of the benefit." 

Some other towns mi^ht ad'.pt this idea with advantage. The series of remini- 
scences and sketches of the prominent pul)lic men of Newton is made an especial 
feature, and renders the volume of additional interest to the general reader. Pur- 
traits of James F. Hyde, William Claflin, Seth Davis, Alden Speare, Otis Pettee, 
the Rev. Joseph Grafton. Alfred L. Baurv, D. L. Furber, Barnas Sears. Marshall 
S. Rice, II. J. Ripley, Irah Chase, H. B. Hackett, J. ^V'iley Edmands, William B. 
Fowle, Alexander H. Rice, A. B. Ely, R. M. Pul-ifer, and the author, are iriven, 
together with illustrations of the various public buildings, and a fac-simlle of Dr. 
Smith's manuscript of his well-known hymn, " America." The book is printed in 
good style, and altogether adds another worthy volume to the growing list of town 
Listories. 

{By Oliver B. Suhbins, Eiq., of South Boston, Mass.] 

Transactions of the Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire: Session 1879-80: 
Vol. xxxii. Liverpool: Adam Holden, 48 Church Street. 1880. [Svo. pp. 204.] 
This Society, formed in 1843, now, by a steady rate of progression, ranks among 
the mosteffective and important of similar societies in England, and probably ha^a 
no superior in any one of them. Confining its researches and publications to mat- 
ters pertaining almost exclusively to the two counties named, it has already done 
a vast amount of good work, both as regards the general antiquities and early his- 
tory of the district, and the history of its important families. Its series of publica- 
tions contain much of interest to historical students on both sides of the Atlan- 
tic. The contents of the present volume are varied in character, but all of more 
or less permanent value, among which may be specially named an excellent account 
of the Clayton families of Cheshire and of Ireland, by Mr. J. Paul Kylands, Cor- 
responding Member of the New England Historic, Genealogical Society. I'he number 
of Honorary Members is limited to thirty, and it may be mentioned that at the last 
Section two Americans had this honor conferred upon them, in connection with Sir 
Bernard Burke and Mr. John Ruskin. 
[By Col. Joseph L. Chester, LL.D., of London, England.] 

History of the Town of Antrim, Neio Hampshire, from its Earliest Settlement to 
June 21, 1877, with a brief Gcnealorjical Record of all the Antrim Families. By 
Rev. W . R. CocuRANE, Pastor of the Presbyterian Church. Published by the Town. 
Manchester, N. H. : Mirror Steam Job Printincr Pre=3. 1880. [Svo. pp. xxiv.-j- 
791. \S ith Portrait-', Illustrations and Town Map.] 

The old town of Londonderry, N. H., of which Antrim is one of the numerous 
outgrowths, was in former days one of the most important towns in New liamp- 
ehire, only surpassed by that of Portsmouth. It was settled by some of the- best 
material that came over previous to the Revolution— the thrifty and energetic 



1881.] 



Book Xotices. 201 



Scotto-Irish colonists from Lonrlonderry, Ireland, from which place the American 
eettlement was named. The gallant defence of Londonderry in tlie old country 
against the army of James II. and in the cause of King William III., in 16S9, is 
most vividly described by the Kev. Mr. Cochrane in his introductory chapter to this 
history of Antrim, and forms one of the must interesting features of the book. 
These colonists were Protestants and Presbyterians ; but, though sharing the reli- 
frious beliefs of a large portion of the Massachusetts people, were much misrepre- 
sented by the latter, who entertained a prejudice against them without reason and 
without fact to justify it. Tiie result of this was the loss to Massachusetts of a 
population which would have greatlv vitalized and strengthened her ptDwer, but 
which sought in the wilderness of New Hampshire for the freedom here denied 
them. Thus established. Londonderry rapidly grew in strength and resources, and 
became the parent of numerous surrounding towns, Antrim being one. One of these 
Bettlements was made as far west as Clierry Valley, New York. These towns have 
to some extent a common history, and the various vicissitudes incidental to a fron- 
tier life, exposed to Indian warfare, are given by the author with care and accuracy. 
He has also described at some length the complications and disputes arising from 
the question of jurisdiction and proprietary rights to the New Hampshire territory, 
between the descendants of Capt. John Mason and the Massachusetts authorities. 

Antrim, like Londonderry, derives its name from an Irish town. It appears, 
from Mr. Cochrane's description, Xm be very pleasantly located. Its inhabitants 
maintained their ancestral reputation for intelligence, thrift, energy and patriotism. 
When the Lexington alarm sounded the call to arms, every male person capable of 
bearing arms rushed to the front, a record scarcely paralleled in the history of any 
other town ; and this too when the settlement was in its infancy, the rude log houses 
scarcely finished and the farms hardly developed. The gallant General John Stark 
and Col. George Reid are instances, among numerous others, of the patriotism which 
this section of the country produced. 

Mr. Cochrane's introductory chapter is as full of interest as any in the volume, 
and readers who are in the habit of neglecting introductions will find they have 
missed much important matter by so doing in this instance. The larger portion of 
the book is devoted to genealogical matter, which appears to iiave been very tho- 
roughly written. Portraits of prominent citizens are given, together with illustra- 
tions of churches and residences. Mr. Cochrane has added a valuable contribution 
to local history by this account of a people who contributed to establish and to make 
up their full share of the sturdy New England character. It is a subject for con- 
gratulation that the circle of these town tiistories is widening, as many an impor- 
tant fact is here discovered which has l)een the object of tedious and often fruitless 
research on the part of the more ambitious historian. 

[By Oliver B. Stebbins, Esq.] 

Circulars of Information of the Bureau of Education 1880 Washington : 

Governnient "Printing Office. 1830. [8vo. No. 1, pp. 27; No. 2, pp. Ill'; No. 
3, pp. 96 ; No. 4, pp. 106 ; No. 5, pp. 26.] 

In the PiEGiSTER for July last (xxxiv. 219), the Circulars of this Bureau for the 
year 1879 were noticed. Those issued in 1S80 are equally valuable. The subjects 
are as fjllows : No. 1, College Libraries as Aids to Instruction ; No. 2, Proceedings 
of the National Education Association, Feb. 18-20, 1880; No. 3, Legal Rights of 
Children; No. 4, Rural School Architecture ; No. 5, English Rural Schools. 

The Journal of Education, Boston, Feb. 3, 1881, speaks of the Bureau as follows : 
*' The growth of the National Bureau of Education is one of the most remarka- 
ble phenomena of the new order of affairs in Washington. In the face of congres- 
sional neglect, and too often of senseless opposition from North and South, it has 
increased under the intelligent and persistent etlorts of Commissioner Eaton, till it 
is now in the con^lition of an overgrown boy trying to navigate in a suit of clothes 
that was a tight fit five years ago. It is to be ho])ed that President Garfield, who 
may almost be called the father of this Bureau, and is by all odds our m<jst culti- 
vated president since the second Adams, will follow up the splendid initiative of 
President Hayes, and bring education so decisively to the front that our government 
will finally establish a distinct department to which the management of the proposed 
education land-fund shall be intrusted. But at present the Bureau of Education 
is the only place in the United States where the student can find a collection of doc- 
uments representing the condition of all peoples in this regard." 
VOL. XXXV. 18 



^^^ JBooh 2^otices. [April, 

On Some Cu 



DERLEATH. 



^ H F t P Vn T- ''f^'^'\ Rrcjistcrs By the Rev. W. C. Plev- 

. J [H. K ct E. Bull, Printers, Devize.s, W iltshire, England. 8vo. pp. 36.] 

,-. ite^^'-^^"^"r^J]* °J parochial or parish Re-istei-s in Eni^Iand by royal authority 

WnH^, °"'1'^^S^'r"' ""^ '''« Kefurmation in that I^le. ^\^ve7hL I aS 

^:^1:L:^-^-^S^^'^ ^™^ ^i- i-erpoSa ^ 

For a period of nearly throe hundred and fifty years the bi-ths or banri.mc 

^'^^^'^^'Jt^r^r'T''' ^^'^ in the nl^;^of ^^r^ 

^bkh b^rin in 1 '.-^^ . A "" ^^^Sjsters there are now over eight hundred extant, 
rn.pl.:=^ '"^ ^'"^ '"'^^ ^'" continued to this day-precioul memorials of ou^ 




tiquaries,.and he miglu have added, of hum^is^ W k ^ m. th t n^ nU I 
t^Jse^few paier"''''' '' '^'''''''''- ^ "^^^^ ^^^ '' information is c^t.?iied 



serious 
in 



[By Charles IV. Tuttle, A.M., of Boston.] 
^tr!rSln ?i-9^:''7. """''''r^ ,^"'^'^V ""''■ 2 P-P^^rs read before the 

SbM^the^;^^^^i^7J^x!^!;e.!JS:!^ ^^ '^^--^^r 

Provinee^f Mf'Vr ^'^l? P^^^Pl^'^'t ''s by Charles A. Reed, and is entitled "The 




«;; at •• 'roc,;™ Tl >"V ""•? "'»' ■"'•" P"'" ""-S™^ pl»ntntio„ in ha 

all other record, and document, of an early due appear to be a.°ain-t tl fe Mate 
Su^l'^enfoT^xSr Xh rhSS^TJ li,"eTS'"™' '" '-''^ ^'''^ 



up. 



PublicatioT 



Micattons of the Civil-Service Reform Association ,No.\. Purposes of the Civil 
Service Reform Association. [New York : 1681. 12mo pp 16 ] "^ 

seSrRSdV'D^d^'i;?''\r,^'^''^''^^''l^i.^^'^^?^ ^^^"'^™ C""'^' -n^ it^ 
Antfl^i • . . ^^'''^- ^^^ location IS 79 Fourth Avenue, Xew York eitv 
Any one desiring to become a member can d.i sa hv «Pn,iing two^'-"^'!^' -^^.' 

10 wish t( 
The -pamphlet before us sho'^^heVviirof '''^ """ ''^'''P'''^ 



3, the annual 
late petitions 



Any one desiring to becoine a member can do so by sendin- two dolfar" 
fee to the secretary, who ^yill also furnish tho.e who wi-47to circula 

.o^:,S&l^j£Z "'^ ^'^"^ ^^^ ^^'^^ ^^ ^^^ ^P«'^ '^'^^-' -d points out 

The Boston Almanac and Business Directory, 18S1, Vol 46 fEn-rravinrr 1 s;.,mn 
^n, Davenport & Co. No. .00 Frankll/street', Boston. Kfe7,'",i,.' (llZ: 

The first of this series was published in 18.36 in 




reveal a mass of valuable inr.-ma^ion';rthe';^;;t^^ ^'^Sr^^;^- •.:;!^'^ 

Lfth^vduTbSmX'r'i r\"'"'^^"" ^^'^"^ /^'^^^ twenty ';tn,:Jenp^lLTed, 
ana tne valuable matter iiui been proportioaahly increased. 



1881.] Booh Xotices. 203 

Pennsylvayiia in the War of the Rrvolution, Battalions and Line, 1775-17S3. Edit- 
ed by JoHX Blair Linn [and] William H. Eule. .M.D. Volume I. Uairisbur;^ : 
Ltine S. Hart, Suite Priuter. ISSO. [Svo. pp. TU-i] 

Thoug;h our own ^tate has neglected to print and thus place beyond the reach of 
accident the honored names of her otficers and soldiers, wno assisted in establishing 
the independence of our country, we are glad to see that some of the other states 
are nut derelict in t"neir duty in this re-pect. Massachusetts has rich materials ia 
her archives illustratir.g not only the revolutionary war, but her earlier histury also ; 
and yet, tiiough she has been lavish in printing documents of ephemeral iutercst, 
she has done little vriihin the past quarter of a century to preserve in print these 
invaluable papers, and thus dh-seminate among her people the proud record they 
bear to the wurth of their ancest'irs. 

The book before i:s fjrms the tenth volume of the Pennsylvnia Archives now 
in the course of publication. This and the eleventh volume yet to be issued, will 
contain the name- of the officers and soldiers from Pennsylvania in the Revolution- 
ary war, and the Ordt-rly Books of the Pennsylvania line. The rosters of the several 
battalions and regiments are given separately, with a history of each prefixed. Nu- 
merous portraits and autogra'jihs of ofhcers, plans of battles, etc., are given. It 
must have cost much time and labor to collect so full lists as are here given, to col- 
late the varying orijrinal roils and correct the errors which are ahvaj-s found. The 
editors deserve great credit for the satisfactoiy manner in which they have per- 
formed their task. Both of them have gained reputations as authors. Dr. Egle is 
the author of the History of Pennsylvania, noticed in the Register (xxsi. R>6), 
and is a painstaking and thorough investigator of American history. We sliall 
again refier to this work. 

Proceedings of the Xew England Methodist Historical Society at the First Annual 

Meeting, January 17. l^Sl. [Seal. Motto: '• Occultus non Extiuctus."] Boston: 

Society's Rooius!^ i!6 Bromtieid Street. ISSI. [8vu. pp. 21.] 

We fraternally and cordially welcome to the ever expanding field of history and 
of knowledge this new •T.'anization composed of members connected with one of 
the most respectable, rapialy devei )ping and mdueutial reii^dous deiiominatiuus of 
the country. The u: ject of this association, in the words of its constitution, article 
2, *' sliall be to fjund and perpetuate a library of books, pamphlets and manu- 
scripts, and a collection of portraits and relies of the past; to maintain a reading 
room ; to preserve wiiatever shall illustrate the history and promote the interests of 
the Methodist Epi-copal Church."' Among its Oificers inay be mentioned, ex-Gov. 
William Clatlin, LL.D.. of Newton, President, and our friend and associate, Wil- 
lard S. Allen, A.M.. of E;ist Boston, libiarian. May the progress and success of 
the society be couimen-urate with its laudable undertakings. 

[Cu/n/nunicated I'y Wdiiarn B. Trask, Esq. ., of Boston.] 

Lancashire Inquisitions returned into the Chancery of the Duchy of Lancaster and 
now existing in the Public Record Office, London. Stuart Period, Part /. . I 
to 11 James L Edit..-<J bv J. Paul Rylands, F.S.A. Printed for the Record So- 
ciety. 1880. [6vo. pp. 320.] 

This is the third volume of the publications of the Record Society of Lancashire 
and Cheshire, the first volume of which was noticed in April last (Register, 
xxxiv. 2-21). 

The value of Inquisitions as materials for genealo<ry i.s too well known to require 
any explanation. Th.^^e in this book have a peculiar intere-t to the pL'oplc of New 
Kngland, as many of her first settlers came from Lancashire, and the peri>xl fiere 
selected (1603-lt> 11) is that just preceding their emigration. The abstracts here 
given were made from the original Latin by Mr. John A. C Vincent. 

The editor, Mr. Ryland.s, has prefixed an Introduction containing much inter- 
esting information c-jocerning tbe=e records. A good index is given. 

History of the Cohny of New Haven to its Absorption into Connecticut. By Ed- 

WAHD E. Atw.mer. New Haven : Printed for the .Author. I'^Sl. [Svo. pp. ix. 

-fGlI. Majw and lUustration.s. For sale by Lee & Shepard and A. Williams & 

Co. Price .$L00.J 

The little colony of New Haven, with its half dozen towns, had such a brief in- 
depemlent career that its existence is scarcely known save to a few diligent workers 
in tlie hirrtoric field. Its history, commencing in April, 1(1!'^, was terminated at the 
close of the year 1WJ4, a period of little luore than a quarter of a century, by its 



204 Book Xotices. [April, 

unconditional surrender to its neighbor Connecticut, to avoid falling under the do- 
minion of New York. Even in that short period, however, its induence was such as to 
have an impurtant etlect on the destinies of the adjacent territory. If the New Ha- 
ven colony had not existed, it is probable that an attempt would have been made 
with a greater prospect of success, to make the Connecticut river the boundary be- 
tween N'ew York and New England. Nor must we forget that it was to a sun of one 
of its founders that we owe tiie second New England university, the induence of 
•which has contributed 6o much to mould the iHe and character of many of our 
prominent men. 

The ubjectof the author was to bring more fully to the view of " the community 
in which he lived "' the history of this little colony, and well and worthily has he 
accomplished his design, not only to that community but to the general historical 
reader of New England. His two maps of New Haven and Mil ford are exceedingly 
interesting, as by them the landed property of each of the original settlers may be 
easily located. His description of tlie attempts to capture (jotle and Whalley by 
the regicide-hunters of Charles H., and the devices to shield these sturdy republi- 
cans by Gov. Leete and others, will be read with much pleasure. The entire work 
is written with cart-, thoroughness and ability. It is clearly printed and neatly 
bound, and altogether makes a very desirable volume and a worthy accession to 
our historical literature. 

[By Oliver B. Slebbms, Esq., of Boston.] 

Light thrown by the Jesuits upon hitherto Obscure Points of Early Maryland History. 

.... By Rev. Edward D. Nf.ill. [8vo. pp. 9.] 

We have often borne testimony to the value of the labors of the Rev. Mr. Neill in 
American historical literature. The present paper was read last year before the 
Department of American History uf the Minnesota Historical Society. Mr. Neill 
finds in the recently published '• Records of the English Society of Jesus,'' new 
facts illustrating the early liistory of Maryland, and confirming the opinion pre- 
viously expressed by him, that tlie old story found in school histories and other 
works, that ^laryland was •' a Roman Catholic Colony and the hrst home of reli- 
gious liberty upon the continent of North America " is not true. 

Journal of the Voyage of the " Missionary Packet.'" Boston to Honolulu, 1S"26. 

By J.^iiFS HuNNEWELL. \Vith Maps and Plates and a Memoir. Charlestown : 

1880. fRoyal 4to. pp. 77. Edition 100 copies only.] 

The editor of this handsome book is Mr. James F. Hunnewell, son of the author 
of the journal here printed. It forms No. 8 of his •' Privately Printed \Yorks." 
Ten years ago Mr. Hunnewell was invited to write for the Register an account of 
his father and his voyage to Honolulu. That account was not prepared, however, 
till recently, and he has preferred to issue it as a separate work, with the journal in 
lull to accompany it. 

The author of the journal was the commander of the " Missionary Packet," a 
small vessel of about forty tons, sent out by the American Board of Commissioners 
for Foreign Missions to the Sandwich Islands for the use ot missionaries there. It 
sailed from Boston January IB, and arrived at Honolulu October 21, 182fi, making 
the passage in about nine months, including stoppages at several ports on the way. 

Capt. Hunnewell resided four years in the Sandwich Islands, engaged in mercan- 
tile business, and then returned to Charlestfjwn, which place he reached in April, 
1831. Here he resided till May, 1S69, when he died at the ripe age of seventy-live. 

The book throws light upon the chai'acter and condition of the people of the 
Sandwich Islands half a century aso. It is illustrated by several well executed 
heliotyj)es, among them a drawing of the " Mi-sionary Packet," a portrait of 
Capt. Hunnewell, a portrait of king Kamehameha I., and a view of Honolulu in 
1837. 

New England Historic, Genealogical Society. Proceedings on the Tuienty-Fifth Day 
of October, 1S80, Comine/noratit-e of the Orqanizntion of the Gncernment of Mas- 
sachusetts under the Constitution on the 'Piceiity- Fifth Day of October, 17S0. to- 
gfther with the Proceedings at the Slate House and at the City Hall mi the Same 
Day. [Society's Seal.] Boston: Tiie Society's House, lc5 Somerset Street. locO. 
[8vo. pp. 67. Price 25 cts.] 
The 25th of October last was the centenary of the Cimstitution of Massachusetts, 

one hundred years having that day been ^completed since the organization of the 



1881.] Booh Notices. '■ '- 205 

etate government under a constitution. Gov. Long issued a proclamation on the 
18th of that month, recomuiending the people to take appropriate notice of the 
event. He also instituted a cummemurative service at the state House, at wliicli he 
made a brief speech, and ex-president Hopkins, of Williams College, made a 
fitting prayer, flags \vere displayed and cannon were iircd ; and the Old btate 
House in Boston, wliere the state government had been organized in 17S0, %vas deco- 
rated, by the cit^^ authorities, witn tlags and inscriptions. 

The New England Historic, Genealogical Society held a special meeting to com- 
memorate the event, whicli President Wilder opened b}' a brief speech, and at which 
Mes.-rs. William W. Wheildon, Thomas C. Amory and Nathaniel F. Snflurd read 
excellent papers on topics suggested by the occasion. The pamphlet beloie u.s con- 
tains the proceedings with tlie president's speech, the papers of Mes:>rs. Whsildon, 
Amor}' and Satford in full, and some extracts frum the Massachusetts reco.ds fur- 
nished by ^.Ir. David Pulsifer, shuwing the transition from a provincial to a state 
government. It also contains the doings by the state and city in honor of the day, 
including Gov. Lung's proclamation and speeeh, and Dr. Hopkins's prayer. Besides 
this, there are other matters, particularly an elaborate article by Mr. Wheildon, 
which appeared in the Sunday Herald, Oct. 3, 1860, calling attention to the event. 

Reply to Francis Brinley on the Claims of Hon. John P. B/gelow as Founder of the 
Boston Public Library. By Timothv Bigej.ow. Read before the Boston Antitiua- 
rian Club, May II, laSO. Boston ; Tolman & White, Printers, 3S3 Washington 
Street. 1880. [8vo. pp. 50.] 

This is a caustic reply to a communication from the Hon. Francis Brinley, of 
Newport, 11; I., read at a previous meeting of the Boston Antiquarian Club, in 
which the claims of the friends of the Hon. John Prescott Bigelow that lie was 
the founder of the Boston Public Library were controverted. The author, who is 
a nephew of ^Mr. Bigelow, and familiar with the incidents in his life, has been in- 
defatigable in collecting new facts bearinu; upon the point at issue. We think 
that the evidence here presented shows tliat the idea of giving the Bigelow Fund to 
the city for a public library originated with Mayor Bigelovf himself, and that if 
this is considered the origin of the Public Library, of which however we have seri- 
ous doubts, the claims of his friends are well founded. 

Annals of the Town of Mendonfrom 1659 to 1880. Compiled by John G. Metcalf, 
M. I)., Member of the New England Historic. Genealogical, and American Anti- 
quarian Societies. Providence, R. L : E. D. Freeman & Co. l&SO. ' [8vo. pp. 
"vii.-f 723. Published by the Town.] 

This book is just what it purports to be, a vast storehouse of facts extending 
from the earliest settlement of Mendon to the present day, with such explanations 
as are requisite to render intelligible the subject matter. A repository of local 
wisdiim, not interesting to the general reader, not a book to be read through twice, 
but one which will always bo valuable to establish a mooted question, or fix a date. 
Its value to the general historian consists in its reference to those residents of Men- 
don who were connected with other towns. It forms one more "brick" for the 
general history of .^Llssachusetts yet to come, wlien all the town histories shall 
have been written. But in every book-case in the town of Mendon this book sliould 
have an honored place ; the children should be taught to refer to it, and perpetu- 
ate t!:e ancient landmarks of the town, and keep in remembrance the former days. 

Though the town records are silent concerning one great event in the history of 
Mendon, the attack on the place by the Indians, yet the compiler has carefully 
pointed to the sources of information cr^ntained in contemporaneous writings, so 
that the historic taste of the young may he encouraged and a love for research 
engendered. 

That great repository of town histories, so often drawn upon and yet so inexhaust- 
ible, the State Archives, have been patiently searched and pertinent matter has 
been accurately transcribed. 

The page of the book is not so elegant as the History of Andover, JLass., and there 
area few errors, probably typographical. In place of the picture of the "sword 
in hand m';ncy," which has no local connection with Mendon, we should much have 
preferred a copy of the ancient survey of 1713, or a plan of Mendon with its sur- 
rounding towns. 

The absence of an index of names in any town history will reduce its usefulnesB 
one half. W' e know tliat the marriage of Mathias Pufl'er, who afterwards resided. 
VOL. XXXV. 18* 



206 . Booh JS^'otkes. [April, 

in Milton, is Bomewhere in this book, but vre shall never read the book through 
again to find it : life is too short ; we must resign to the professional genealogist 
Buch tasks. 

As the book was published by the town and not the compiler, the heliotype of 
John G. -Metcalf, M.D., is appropriately placed in the front of the book. 

[By Daniel T. V. Huntoon, Esq., of Canton, Mass.] 

Weymnulh Historical &a>/!/. The Original Journal of General Solomon Lovell, 
kept during the Feno'^'SCOt Expedition. 1779, iciM a S'kftch of his Lifv by Gilby.rt 
Nash. Together with tiie Proceedings of the Society for 1S7&-&0. Published by 
the Weymouth Histuria^l Society. I^Sl. fXo. I. 8vo. pp. 127. With -i Alber- 
types. Edition limited.] 

The value of local historical societies is shown in various ways. The field may 
be somewhat limited, but such a society developes well the history of its own local- 
ity. Its researches are of interest to the citizens and of value to future generations ; 
and also of rich worth to students of early genealogy and history. Such an organ- 
ization is the Weymouth Historical Society, in a tuwn which dates its settlement 
back to 1&22. Its organization has been recent, but its labors have been extended. 
It has made the Weymouth Gazette, the local weekly paper, its medium of commu- 
nication. But before us is its first publication in book form. It is the original 
Journal of one of Weymouth's prominent citizens, who was active in various parts 
of the Revolution, together with a sketch of his life and genealogy of his family. 
The fir.-t part of the volume is devoted to a resumt- of work of the the society from 
its organization until the cl.'se of the year ISSO. The original journal has been in 
possession of the family, and the society-, recognizing its interest, and the new lii;ht 
which it threw upun the Penobscot expedition, has produced it for the liii»torical 
public. Mr. Nash, the editor, has taken great pains in studying this unfortunate 
exploit, examining all the rec'jrds in the archives of the Commonwealth bearing upon 
the subject, and sitting the many statements made at the time. And though 
Gen. Lovell is his hero, yet he considers the claims made against him before his 
judgment is given. The exoneration of Lovell. who commanded the land forces, 
and the censuring, by the court of inquiry, of Commodore Saltonstall, who com- 
manded the ships of war, for the disastrous ending of the expedition, is dwelt upon 
with conciseness, yet witn sufficient fulness to make this work one of authority 
among students of the revolutionary epoch of our nation's existence, ihis is the first 
publication of the Sjoiety, but it has begun well. The typographical work is of 
the first order. It has a superb index, embracing the names of subjects treated, places 
and individuals mentioned, and withal, foot-notes showing the &<jurces of important 
information. Weymouth has a long history, and in due time we may hope its full 
development by this &jciety. 

[By the Rev. Anson Titus, Jr., of Weymouth, Mass.] 

Reminiscences of Two Years with the Colored Troops. By J. M. Addeman (late 
Captain Fourteenth P.. I. Heavy Artillery, Colored). Providence : N. Bangs 
Williams & Co. 1S.S0. [Fcp. 4to. pp. 3d, paper, price 50 cts.j 
This is the 7th number of the second series of " Personal Narratives of Events in 

the War of the Rebellion, being Papers read before the Rhode Island Soldiers' and 

Sailors' Historical Society.'' The first two num^^rs of this series were noticed in the 

Register (xxxiv. 2C2. 341) at the time of their appearance. 

The author of the present work is the Rhode Island Secretary of State. He has 

written an interesting narrative of his service as a captain of colored troops for two 

years in Louisiana. 

Society of the Fifty- Fir St Regiment Pennsylvania Veteran Volunteers. Records of 
the Proceedings of the First Annual Reunion, hdd at Norristown, Pa., Sept. 17, 
IBSO. Harrisburg, Pa. : Lane S. Hart. IS^O. [8vo. pp. 47.] 
This society was organized at Norristown on the 17th of September last by the 
Burviving members of the regiment. The present pamphlet contains the proceed- 
ings, constitution and by-laws, with a list of the comrades present and the oration, 
which was delivered by Capt. J. Merrill Linn; a heroic p<jem by Mr. George N. Cor- 
son, and letters from distinguished persons who could not attend the reunion. The 
first colonel of this regiment, which did g<Xid service in the war for the union, was 
John Frederick Hartranit, since a major-general and governor of Pennsylvania. 



1881.] 



Booh j^otices. ' 207 



Jnventio Fortunata. Arctic Ejploralions, with an Account of Nicholas of Lynn. 

Read before the American Geographical Society, Chickcring Hall, May 15, 18S0. 

Reprinted from the Bulletin of the Society. By B. F. De Costa. New York. 

1881. [8vo. pp. 36.] 
William Blackstone in his Relation to Massachusetts and Rhode Island. Reprinted 

from The Churchman cf Stpt ember 25th and Octohir2d, 1880. [Motto.] By the 

Rev. B. F. De Costa. New York : M. H. Mallory & Co. 1880. [l-3mo. pp. 24.] 

Here are two pamphlets by our valued correspondeot, the Rev. B. F. De Costa, 
■which have receutly Wen issued. 

The first is on the history of early arctic explorations, with special reference to Ni- 
cholas of Lyan, who flourished in the reign of Edward 111. His '• Inventio Fortuna- 
ta," referred to by writers soon after his day, but of which no copy is known to be in 
existence, is supposed by Mr. De Costa to bo transformed into Juventius Fortuna- 
tu8, and quoted as an author in the Life of Columbus attributed to Ferdinand Co- 
lumbus. Mr. De Costa, as our readers are aware, has given much time to research 
upon early maps and maritime discovery, and all that he writes upon these subjects 
is valuable. 

The pamphlet on TTilliam Blackstone, or as he spelled his own name, Blaxton, 
the first settler of Boston, presents him to us vividly as a clergyman of the Episco- 
pal church. The first of the two articles here reprinted from the Churchman shows 
him as " The First Churchman of Boston and the Founder of the City;" the sec- 
ond, as " The First Churchman in Rhode Island and the Original Settler of the 
State." 

Fifth Report of the Record Commissioners. [City Seal.] Boston : Rockwell & 
Churchill, City Printers, No, 3'J Arch Street. 1880. [Svo. pp. 187.] 

A Report of the Record Commissioners containing the Roxbury Land and Church 

Records. [City Seal.] Boston: Rockwell & Churchill 1881. [Svo. pp. 221.] 

We have here two more reports of the Record Commissioners (Register, sxxi. 

347 ; xxxii. 110 ; xxxiii. 264; xxxv. 106), which show that the Commissioners have 

no difficulty in finding valuable historical matter to print. 

The Filth Report i.s a reprint of the articles which the late Nathaniel I. Bowditch 

furnished in 1655 to the Boston Evening Transcript, under the signature of 

" Gleaner," giving the history of certain estates in Boston. 
The contents of the next Report are shown by the title-page. The next volume, 

we are informed, will soon be issued, and will contain a continuation, from the eec- 

ond report, of the records of the old town of Boston. 

We are glad to learn that the la!)ors of the commissioners are appreciated by the 

city authorities as well as the public. 

Fragments from Remarks of Twenty-Five Years in Every Quarter of the Globe, on 
Electricity, Maqnetism, Aeroliths and Various other Phenomena of Nature. <5jC. 
<^c. 4-c. By Wii.LiAii Prixgle Green, R. N. Sold at Egerton's Military Libra- 
ry, Whitehall. 1633. [Svo. pp. v.-fvi.-|-24.] 

Though this is not a recent publication, it is noticed here as it contains some 
American genealogy not referred to in genealogical indexes. The author, Lieut. 
William P. Green, of the Royal Navy, was a besoye of the Rev. Joseph^ Green, of 
Salem Village, now Danvers, Mass. (Register, xv. 106), through Benjamin,* who 
married Margaret Peiree (Register, xxis. 279): and Benjamin,* his father, who 
married Susanna Wenman. The "Biography and Genealogy of the Author" is 
printed on pages i. to vi. Portions of the genealogy are probably derived from tra- 
dition, and are not to be relied on. 

The History of the Morison or Morrison Family, with most of the ^^ Traditions of the 
Morrisons " (Clan Mac Ghillemhuire) , Hereditary Judges of Lewis, by Capt. F. 
W. L. Thomas of Scotland, and a Record of the Descendants of the Hereditary 
Judges to 1880 ; a Complete History of the Morison Settlers of Londonderry, 
N. H., of 17VJ, and their Descendants, with Genealogical Sketches. Also of the 
Brentwood, Nottingham and Sanbnrnton, N. H., Morisons, and Branches of the 
Morisons who settled in Delaware, Pennsylvania, Virginia and Noua Scotia, and 
Descendants of the Morison of Preston Grange. Scotland, and other Families. 
By Leonard A. Morrisox. [.Motto.] Boston, Mass.: A. Williams & Co., 283 
Washington Street. 1880. [Svo. pp. 468. Price ;^3.] 

Genealogy of the Macdonald Family. Edition B. Comprising all Nart\es ollained 
vp to February, 1870. [Oblong quarto, pp. 123.] 



208 Booh Notices . [April, 

Contnhutions to fhe Early History of Bryan McDonald and Family, settlers in 1089 
on Rat Clay Creole. Mill Cref.k Hundred {or Townskip), Naccastle County, IMa- 
ware. Toyetlier with a Few Bio/jraphical Sl;etchcs and Other Statistics of General 
Interest to their Lineal Descendants. By Frank V. .McDonald. A. B., Harvard 
University, Cambriiige, Mass. San Fraucisco : Winterburn & Co., Printers and 
Electrotypers. 1S7G. [4to. pp. 65.] 

Su2^ple/neJ^t .\o. 1 to Edition B of the Mac Donald Genealogy , containing R' cords of 
the DLScendants of Jesse Peter, one of the Pioneer Settlers near Mackvih'c, Wash- 
ington County, Kentucky ; Together with a Few Remarks an the Early History of 
the Peter Family, and whatever other Information of Value concerning this Branch 
of the Name could be collected up to February 25, 1830. Compiled and Edited by 
Frank V. Mc Donald, A. B., Harvard Law Student, Cambridge, Mass. 
Cambridge: John Wilsun & Sun, University Press. 16S0. [Royal 4to. pp. 70.] 

A History of the Heard Family of Wayland, Mass. By John li. Edwards. Illus- 
trated by Ileliotj'pes. [Motto.] Boston : Printed for Private Circulatiun. 18S0. 
[8vo. pp. 01.] 

The Lathrop Family Tree. Collected and Arranged by John Lathkop, Buffalo, 
N.y. [Broadside.] 

Dolor Davis. A Sketch of his Life; tcith a Record of his Earlier Descendants. 
By lloxACE Dayis. Printed for Private Distribution. 1881. [8vo. pp. 46.] 

Paine Fa-nily Records: A Journal of Genealogical and Biographical Information 
respecting the American Familits of Payne, Paine, Payn, (^c. .New York : 1880. 
|8vo. pp. '20-2.] 

A Genealogical Register of the Descendants of Moses Cleveland of Woburn, Mass., 
an Emigrant in [t)35 from E/tgiand, with a Sketch of the Clevelands of Virginia 
and the Carolina^. By James Bltler Cleveland, of Ontonta, N. Y. [Arms.] 
Albany, N. Y. : Munsell, Printer, 82 State Street. 1881. [Parti. 8vo. pp. 48.] 

The title of the first book on our list shows fully the contents of the volume. It 
is intended to present all that the author could obtain by the most assiduous re- 
search and correspondence oncerning the genealogy of the various branches of the 
Morrisons in this country, and alsu concerning tlieir Scottish ancestry. A jiam- 
phlet on tlie last subject'by Capt. F. \V . L. i'homas, R.N., vice-president of the 
Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, entitled " Traditions of the M'jrrisons," is re- 
printed, with a few omissions, in full. The larger part of the book is devoted to 
the posterity of the Scotch Irish settlers of the name at Londunderry, N. 11., of 
whom there were several. Tiieir descendants have done honor to the sturdy race 
from which they descended. The wurk is a model of industry, and is arranged in 
a clear and intelligible manner, besides having excellent indexes. There are twenty 
illustrations. One is a map of Londonderry, showing the residences of the Morri- 
son settlers and some of tlieir descendants ; three are views of buildings, and the 
rest are pi^rtraits. 

The three books by Mr. McDonald on the McDonald fimily of Delaware, and the 
Peter family of Kentucky, do credit to the compiler. They contain much interest- 
ing biographical and genealogical matter relating to the branches of the two fami- 
lies to which they are devoted. They are well prepared and brought out in a fine 
style, with excellent portraits and other illustrations. 

The Heard family, recorded in t!ie next book, is descended from Zachariah Heard, 
who is found early in the last century in Cambridge, Ma-s., whence he removed to 
Wayland. Tlie first portion of t!ie book is devoted to biographical sketciies, and 
this is followed by systematically arranged genealogy. Other luatter Connected 
with the iiimily is appended. It is illustrated by heliotype portraits. 

The Lithrop Family Tree is well executed. The date of publication is not given, 
but it was probably in 18BT, as we find it here stated that the lines given in this 
tree are •' believed to be complete to J.muary, 1867." From this family are de- 
ecended many eminent men bearing this and other surnames. President Grant and 
Motley the historian are siid to be descendants, and so is Gen. Benedict Arnold. 

The Davis genealogy is by the Hon. Horace Davis, of San Francisco, a member of 
Congress from Calilornia in the fjrLy-fifth and f jrcy-sixth Congresses. We can tes- 
tify to tiie th'>rou.chne;s with whieli he has made "his researches into the history of 
Dolor Davis, hi« immigrant ancestor. He gives 27 pages to his biography, most 
of which has never before ap!>eaied in print, and he has cleared up many oijscure 
points atout this subject. No attempt is made to give a complete genealoi^y, but 
wbat is given is full and precise as to names and datee, and is clearly arranged. 



1881.] Bccent Publicaiions. 209 

The first volume of the Paine Family Records has, since our last notice of thia 
quarterly periodical (Register, xssiv. -234), been completed by the publication of 
two more numbers (the seventh and eighth for May and August), a title-page and 
very full indexes. The publication of this work was commenced in November, IS/ 8, 
by Dr. Paine, of New York city, who had before issued at Albany, 1857-59, eight 
numbers of a similar work. The January number of a new volume has since been 
issued, filled with interesting matters like its predecessors. 

The geneulosy of the Cleveland family, of which the first number has just been 
issued, bids fair to be a most valuable work. Thirty years ago the late Professor 
Nehemiah Cleveland, LL.D., assisted by his brother-in-law, Rev. Oliver A. Taylor, 
undertook to prepare such a work. Their materials have been placed by these fam- 
ilies in the hands of the compiler of the present work, and they have probably assist- 
ed him materially in his labors. This number contains an account of the origin oi 
the name and the early generations of the descendants of Moses^ Cleveland. The 
•work is arranged according t/o the plan used in the Register. 



RECENT PUBLICATIONS, 



Peesented to the New England Historic, Geneaxogical Society, to March 1, 

1881. 

I. Publications xcritten or edited by Members of the Society. 

Address of His Excellencv John D. Long to tlie two branches of the legislature of Mas- 
sachusetts, Jan. 6, 1881. Boston : Rand, Avery & Co., Printers to the Commonwealth, 117 
FrankhnSt. ISSl. [8vo. pp. 58.] 

The Old and New Republican Parties ; their origin, similitude and progress from the 
administration of Washincrtou to that of Rutherford B. Hayes. By Stephen M. Allen, 
surviving presiding officer'oi" the Worcester Convention, July 20, 1854. Boston: Lee & 
Shepard, Publishers, 41 and 45 Franklin Street. ISSO. [8vo. pp. 343.] 

The Numismatic and Antiquarian Society of Philadelphia. Notes upon a Denarius of 
Augustus Cresar. A paper read before the society Feb. 5, 1S8U, by Henry Phillips, Jr., cor- 
responding secretary. [Seal.] Reprinted from the American Journal of Numismatics. 
1880. [8vo. pp. 7.] 

The Young Folks' Cvclopredia of Persons and Places, hv John D. Champlin, Jr., with 
numerous illustrations". New York : Henry Holt & Company. 1881. [8vo. pp. 936. This 
isa companion volume to the author's " Young Folks' Cyclopcedia of Commoa Things, 
noticed in the Register, xxxiv. 425.] 

A Tour in Both Hemispheres ; or Travels around the World. By Eugene Vetromile, 
D.D., Apostolic Missionary. New York : D. & J. Sadler & Co., Publishers, 31 Barclay 
Street. 1880. [8vo. pp. 502.] 

Bibliography of Charlestown, Massachusetts, and Bunker Hill, by James F. Hunnewell. 
Boston : James R. Osgood & Company. 1880. [8vo. pp. 100.] 

On giving Names to Towns and Streets. By James Freeman Clarke. Boston : Lock- 
wood, Brooks & Co., 381 Washington St. 1880. [Svo. pp. 19.] 

Memoir of Hon. Sumner Wilde, LL.D., Justice of Supreme Court of Massachusetts- 
(Read at Dartmouth Commencement, June, 18S0, at the request of the alumni.) By Hon. 
Nathan Crnsljy, LL.D., of Lowell, Mass., of class of 1820. Concord, N. H. : Printed by 
the Republican Press Association. 1881. [8vo. pp. 26.] 

Address in Memory of Hon. Ira Perley, LL.D.. late Chief Justice of the Supreme Judi- 
cial Court of New Hampshire, pronounced before the Alumni Association of Dartmouth 
College, June 23, ISSO, by Charles H. Bell. Concord : Printed by the Republican Press As- 
sociation. 18G1. [8vo. pp. 16.] 

American Journal of Numismatics and Bulletin of American Numismatic and Archaeo- 
logical Societies. January, 1881. [Seal.] Boston : Published by the Boston Numismatic 
Society. Quarterly. [Svo. pp. 72.] 

Old Times. A Magazine devoted to the preservation and publication of documents relat- 
ing to the eariv history of North Yarmouth, Maine Also genealogical records of the 

principal families and biographical sketche.-^ of the most distinguished residents of thr town. 
Vol. 5, No. 2. Augustus W. Corliss, Yarmouth, Me. April 1, 1881. [Svo. pp. ^WJ-f/J^.] 

New York Tribune Extra, No. 79. Patriotism and Piety, the inspiration and guardian 
powers of the nation. A Thanksgiving sermon by the Rev. Dr. Henry W. Bellows. 1880, 
tSvo. pp. 7.] 

Anniversary and Historical Sermon preached in the Eliot Conirregational Church, Law- 
rence. Mass.; March 14, 1880, by Rev. John H. Barrows. Printed by George S. MerrUl 
and Crocker, Lawrence. [Svo. pp. 29.] 



210 Recent Publications. [April, 

FinJinrr List of the Providence Pnblic Lihrarv. ISSO. [By W. E. Foster, librarian.] 
Providence : E. L. Freeman cSc Co., Printers to tlie State. ISSC. [8vo. pp. 218. J 

The >'i]misraatic and Antiqnarian Society of Philadelphia. Xecrologv for ISSO. By 
Charles Henry Hart. hi>turiographer. [Reprinted from the Proceedings for ISSO. Phila'- 
delphia, ISSl. [Svo. pp. 12.] 

II. Other Publications. 

" The memory of the just is blessed."— Proverbs x. 7. A Sermon preached in the Firft 
Reformed Church in Boston (Somerset St. near Beacon), by the pastor, PlCv. James M. Gray, 
Nov. 14, ISSO, in memory of Rev. Samuel Cutler, founder and tirst pastor of that church. 
Published by request. Boston : J. W. Robinson, Printer, 6i Federal Street. ISSO. [Svo. 
pp. 18.] 

A Sermon preached by Rev. J. M. Manninjr, D.D., before the American Board of Com- 
missioners for Foreign Missions, at the seventy-first annual meeting, held in Lowell, Mass., 
Oct. 5, ISSO. Boston: Be -.con Press, Thomas Todd, Printer, cor. Beacon and Somerset 
Streets. 18S0. [Svo. pp. 18.] 

Celebration of the two hundred and fiftieth Anniversary of the Settlement of Boston, 
Sept. 17, ISSO. [Seal.] Boston: Printed by order of the City Council, md ccc l xxx. 
[Royal Svo. pp. 172.] 

Annual nieetinsr of the New London Conntv Historical Society, ^\ith secretary's report. 
November 29, 1S80. New London : Telegram'Print, Green Street. [16mo. pp. li2.] 

Catalogus Senatus Acadcmici et eorura qui munera et officia gesserunt, quique aliquo 
gradu exornati fuenint in Collegio Tufccnsi, Medfordite in Republica Massachusettensis. 
Bostoniic : Johanne S. Spooner, Typographo. md ccc l xxx. [Svo. pp. 23.] 

Our American Hash : a Satire in Prose and Verse, by John M. Dagnell, author of scve^ 
ral epic and other lyrical, national and narrative poeuis. Illustrated. New York : Pub- 
lished by the author" ISSO. [Svo. pp. 11.] 

Harvard University. Library Bulletin, No. 17. January 1st, 1S81. Vol. II. No. 4. 
[Svo. P.I. 9i-12S.] 

One hundred and fiftieth Annual Report, made September 29th, 1880, to the comp.any of 
the Redwood Library and Athenteum, Newport, R. I. Newport: Davis cc Pitmaii, Book 
and Job Printers. ISSl. [Svo. pp. 16.j 

Collections of the Old Colonv Historical Society. No 2. Read before the Society Jan- 
nary 12, 1880. [Seal.] Taunton, Mass. : Published by the Society. Press of C. A. 'Hack 
& Son. ISSO. [Svo. pp. 19.] 

The sixty-first Annual Catalogue of the ofiBcers and students of Colby University ("Wa- 
tervijle College until 1SG7) for the academic year 1830-81. Waterville : Printed for the 
University. ISSl. [Svo. pp. 39 j 

Did the Louisiana Purchase extend to the Pacific ocean ? and onr title to Oregon ? By 
■John J. Anderson, Ph.D. New York: Clark &. Maynard, Publishers, 5 Barclay 6t. 18S1. 
[8to. pp. 8.] 

SUxtc Historical Society of Wisconsin, Twenty-Seventh Annual Report. Submitted to 
the annual meeting, January .3, ISSl. Gen. Simeon Mills in the chair. David Atwood, 
State Journal, Printer and Stereotyper. [Svo. pp. 31.] 

Papers of the Historical Society of Delaware. III. Some account of "William Usscliux 
and Peter Minuit, two individuals who were instrumental in establishing the first perma- 
nent colony in Delaware, by Joseph J. Mickley. The Historical Society of Delaware, Wil 
mington. "iSSl. [Svo. pp. 27.] 

A Brief Hi-story of the Chicago Historical Society, together with Constitution and By- 
Laws, and list of Officers and Members. , . . [Seal.] Chicago: Fergus Printing Co. 
1881. [Svo. pp. 31.] 

No. XI. Records of the Proprietors of "Worcester, Massachusetts. Edited by Franklin 
P. Rice. In four parts. Part. III. [Seal.] Worcester, Mass. : The Worcester Society of 
Antiquity. 18sl. U. S. A. CV. Svo. pp. 15.3-240,] 

Memorial Record of the Fathers of Wisconsin, containing sketches of the lives and ca- 
reer of the members of the Constitutiunal Conventions of 18 i6 and 1847-8, with a history 
of early .settlements in Wisconsin. Prepared by H. A. Tentiev and David Atwood. Mad- 
ison, Wis. : Published by David Atwood. ISS'J. [Svo. pp. 399.] 

Proceedings of the twelfth and thirteenth annual meetings of the New Hampshire Press 
Association, held at Concord, N. H., January 17, 1S79, and January 19, ISSO. Concord: 
Printed by the Republican Press As^sociation. ISSl. [Svo. pp. 24 ] 

List of Members of the Massachusetts Society of the Cincinnati, including a complete 
roll of the original members, with brief bioirraphies compiled from trie records of ihe Soci- 
ety and other original sources. [Seal.] Boston : Printed for the Society. ISS'J. [Svo. 
pp. 91.] 

History of the Michigan State Reform School since its organization up to January 1st, 
1880. Lansing : W. S. George & Co., State Printers and Binders. 1880. [Svo. pp. 14.] 



1881.] Becent Publications. 211 

Memorial Tribute. T.iTin?5t'->n M. Glover, D.D., late pastor of the first Presb}'terian 
Church, Jacksonville, Illinoi?. Printed at the oiace of the Daily Journal. 1S80." [Svo. 
pp. bo.] 

The Michigan Association of Survevors and Civil Engineers, ormuized at Lansin:::, March 
25, 1S30. [8vo. pp. 19.] 

Reminiscences of Dr. Spnrzheim and George Combe, and a review of the Science o 
Phrenoioiry, from the period of its .iiscovery by Dr. Gall to the time of the visit of George 
Combe to tlie United State-. 1S3S. ISW. Bv Nahum C.ipen, LL.D. New York : Fowler & 
Wells, Piiblisliers, 753 liruadway. Boston : A. Wilii.uns & Co. ISSl. [Svo. pp. 202.] 

A Directory of the Charit.iMe and Beneficent Organizations of Boston, together with 
" Legal Suggestions," •' Health Hints," " Siig:restions to Vi-iror<," etc. Prep tred by the 
Associa'ed" Charities. Boston : A. Williams & Co., 2S3 Washinizton Street. ISSO. [Svo. 
pp. 182.] 

Memoir of Governor Andrew, with personal reminiscences, by Peleg W. Chandler. To 
which are added two hi:her:o un; uMished literary di>courses and the valedictory ad- 
dress. Boston : Roberts Brothers. ISSO. [Svo. pp. 29S.1 

Sketch of tlie Wyoming Historical and Geo!o:::ical Society of Wilkesbarre, bv C. Ben 
Johnson. Reprinted from the " Sunday News-Dealer." Christmas edition. ISSO. [Svo. 
pp. 7.] 

Catalogue of the officers and stu.lents of William- Collciire for the year ISSO-Sl. Wil- 
liamstown, Mass.: James T. Roi'ln^on & Son, Bouk and Job Printers and blank-book 
maimfacturers. North Adams, Mass. iSSO. \^-<o. fp. 37.] 

Reminiscences of Tlioma- Vemi-.n. an American Loyalist : Royal Postmaster at Newport 
from al)out 17-io to 1770 or 76, and for twenty years Registrar of the Court of Vice-Admi- 
ralty. [Svo. pp. ol.] 

Ch.irlcs Hammond and Academy Life. By Elbridge Smith. [Reprinted from Barn- 
ard's Journ.d of Education.] 

Eleventh Annua! Reunion of the Associntion of the Graduates of the U.S. Military 
Academy at We.-t Point, Nesv York. June 17, ISSO. East Saginaw, Mich.: E. W, Lyon, 
Publisher, Washington Avenue. ibSd. [Svo. pp. 116.] 

Proctcdings of the Grand Lo.ige of the Mo-t Ancient and Honorable Fraternity of Free 
and Accepted Masons uf the Commonwealth of Mas^achn-etts. , . . Special Commu- 
nications, Octol^cr 1, ISSO, and Dto-ml'vr 4, ISSU. Annual Communication, Dec. 8, ISSO. 
Stated Communication, Deceuiber 23, IsSiJ . . . Boston: Press of Rockwell & Church- 
ill, 39 Arch St. 1S81. [Svo. pp. 25.5.] 

Contriijutions of the Old Resident-' Historical Association. Lowell, Mass. Organization, 
December 21, 1S6S. Vol. IL No. 1. Lowell, Mass.: Stone, Bacheiler & Livingston, 
Printers, No. IS Jackson Street. IS'O. [>vo. pp. Iu8.] 

Seventieth Annual Report of the American Board of Commis-inners for Foreign Mis- 
sions, presented at the meeting held at Lowell, Ma-s., Oct. 6-S, ISSO. Boston: Printed at 
the Riverside Press, Cambrid.'e. 1S>0. [Svo. pp. 138.] 

Worcester County Musical Association, twentv-third Annual Festival. Procrrammes of 
Concerts . . . Mechanics Had, Worcesier, Mass., Sept. 20, 21, 22, 23 and 24, 18S0. 
[Svo. pp. 41.] 

Pierre Lestoilc. Greece and the Times. Reprinted from Minerva for October, 1880. 
Rome : Office of Minerva, -56 Piazza Monricitorio. ISSO. [Svo. pp. 20.] 

Brief Biographies of Rulin:: Elders in the Fir=t Presbyterian Church, Allegh.".ny, during 
the first fiftv vears of its iii-torv. [oiticns of which were read at the hftieth anniversary of 
the church, "Feljruary 2G. IS.'^O. ' By Elliot E. Swiit. D.D. Pitt-ljurgh : Printed by Jaciison 
& McEwen, cor. Wood Street and Third Avenue. ISiO. [Svo. pp. 48.] 

Tlie New German Cru-ade. A lecture bv Roijen CoUver, delivered in the Church of 
the Messiah. New York, December 20, ISoO." New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 182 Fifth 
Avenue. 1881. |:8vo. pp. 21.] 

Third Report (18S0) of Justin Winsor, Librarian of Harvard University. [Svo. pp. 13.] 

Complete Education ; an address delivered at the annual commencement of the Univer- 
sity of Michi::ran, July 1, 1^8). Bv Rt. Rev. Samuel S. Harri<, D.D., LLD., Bishop of 
Micliig\n. Ann Arbor, Mic-higan'; Pubii-hed by the Board of Regents, IfeSl). [>)V0. \>x>. 16.] 

The tilth Half Century of the arr.val of John Winthroo at Sak-m, Mass. C-nnnemora- 
tive exercises by the E>sex In-tiititt-, June 22, ISSO. (From the Historical Collections of 
the Essex Institute.) Salem : Printed for the E;-ex Institute. ISVJ. [Svo. pp. C4.] 

Ancient Deeds from the Indians to the town of Dedham. Copied by ^V'■illiam F. Hill, 
from the ori'.'inal deeds on hie in the Town Clerk's olhce. Dedham, Mass. Reproduced 
with Hektograph, Feb. l.^SI. 

Report and Collections of the Nova Scotia Historical Sof^ietv for the Year 1S78. Vol. I. 
Halifax, N. S. : Printed at the .Morning Herald Office. 1879.' [Svo. pp. 140.] 

Memorial of Samuel Greene Arnold. [Svo. pp. 52.] 



212 



Deaths. 



[AprU. 



DEATHS. 



Bradstref.t, Samuel, died in Charles- 
town District, Boston. Feb. 8, 18S1, 
aged 68. He was the unly .■^urvivin^ 
child of Samuel Harris and Elizabeth 
(Weld) Bradstreet, and was birn in 
Chark'stown June 22, iSiO. He was 
a de.scendant in the seventh genera- 
tion from Gov. Simon Braistreet (see 
Register, viii. 317). 

Chase, Mrs. Sarah (Blunt), died at 
Portsmouth, N. H., July 19, ISSO, in 
the 80th year of her age. 

She was the secon^d daughter of 
Robert Blunt, of Newcastle. N. H., 
and Elizabeth Sherburne, his wife. 
She was born March 9, 1795. On the 
nth of October, 1821, she was mar- 
ried to William Chase, son of Stephen 
Chase, Esq., of Portsmouth, and him- 
self a merchant of the old seaport, 
and by his death, Aug. 30. 1S31, sur- 
vived her husband forty-six years. 

During this period of nearly half a 
century, Mrs. Chase lived in the old 
house, so long the dwelling of her 
husband's. family, upon Cjurt Street, 
in Portsmouth. Amiable, atfectionate 
and devout, she cultivatei through 
her long life every christian courtesy. 
Cheerful in disposition and c'naritable 
in word and deed, she was hospitable 
and considerate of all. 
_ By her death the last remaining 
link was broken which connected t le 
descendants of Rev. Stephen Chase. 
of Newcastle (H. U. 1728;. and of his 
son Stephen, of Portsmouth (H. U. 
1761), with the old homes of their 
race in these ancient towns. 

Kidder, Andrew Bradshaw, in Somer- 
ville, Mass., Feb. 25, 168 1, aged 71 
years 1 month. 

Oswald, Miss Ann L., died in Phila- 
delphia, Feb. 4, aged 91. The Phila- 
delphia Sunday Dispatch, Feb. 6, 
gives this account of her : 

" She was the daughter of Colonel 
Eleazar Oswald, who, durinz his time, 
was one of the most prorairi'-nt men in 
Philadelphia. An Engli-hman, of a 
good fiimily, he sympathized with the 
Americans in the preliminary contro- 
versies with Great Britain before the 



Revolution. He came to America in 
1770. He served under Arnold in his 
invasion of Canada, was captain at 
the capture of Ticonderoga, and led 
the forlorn hope at Quebec, where he 
was wounded in 1775. He was lieu- 
tenant-colonel of Lamb's Artillery 
Regiment in 1777. was commended by 
Knox and Lee at the battle of Mon- 
mouth, and shortly afterward left the 
service, when he came to Philadelphia 
and established the Independent Gaza- 
leer, which, by his ability, he made 
the leading journal of the time. He 
entered into business as publisher and 
printer, and was public printer for the 
state of Pennsylvania. In 17^9 he 
challenged Alexander Hamilton to tight 
a duel ; hut the meeting was prevent- 
ed. In 1792 he was in England, went 
over to France, joined the French ar- 
my, in which he fought as colonel 
of a regiment of artillery at the battle 
of Jemappes. Subsequently he re- 
turned to this country and died in 
New York [of yellow fever, Oct. 1], 
1795 [aged 40] . Miss O.swald has pro- 
bably Idt no living cotemporary who, 
like herself, was a connecting link be- 
tween the Revolutionary period and 
the second century of the republic." 

She was buried Feb. 8 in the family 
vault of John A. McAllister, Esq., at 
Woodlands Cemetery. 

Stone, Miss Lucy Hall, died in South 
Boston, Mass., Dec. 15, 1880, in her 
90th year. She was a descendant of 
Gregory Stone, an early settler of Cam- 
bridge, and a daughter of Gregory and 
Lucy Stone, of Lincoln, Mass., where 
she was born July 14, 1791. 

Wentworth, Daniel,* in the line of 
Timothv.* Samuel,^ Timothy, ^ and 
William.i at Berwick, Me., Dec. 12, 
1680, in his 86th year, He died upon 
the farm where he was born, and 
where his father and grandfather were 
born and died, and which Timothy- 
bought of Edward Toogood in 1705. 
He was the last to die of the descend- 
ants of Elder William Wentworth the 
emigrant, in the male line of the fifth 
generation. » 



Eeeata.— Pa^e 158, 1. 1, for Genealo!?icaI Register read New England Historical and 
Genealoj^'ical RcL'istcr. Pa?e IM, 1. 21, for to he t-nhl. read and were «old by Ban:,'- & Co., 
sale cominencini.' March 7, l^Sl. Pa:ze 191, 1. 3 from bottom, for Cuax.s'ing read Chaun- 
CEY. Page 197ri. 21, for April 2 read April 21. 






J- 






J/^b^^^,^-^^ /€^>^^^C^ 



THE 

HISTORICAL A^^D GEXEALOGICAL 
REGISTER. 



JULY, 1881. 



THE KEY. SAI\mEL CUTLER, 

HlSTORIOGRAPHEU OF THE NeW PLvGLAND HISTORIC, GENEALOGICAL 
SOCIETT. 

Bj the Rev. James M. Gray, Boston, Mass. 

THE family to wliich iMr. Cutler belonged was of puritan stock. 
His emigrant ancestor, John Cutler, originally of Hingham, 
England, appears among the persecuted adherents of one Ivev. Rob- 
ert Peck, who " sold their possessions for half their value, and in 
1G37 removed with him to Xew England, and named the place of 
their settlement after their natal town." On his mother's side Mr. 
Cutler's lineage was coincident with that of the family of Hutchin- 
6on, which early attained so prominent a place in both the political 
and religious history of this country. Thomas Hutchinson, the 
great uncle of jNIr. Cutler, a graduate of Harvard, was governor of 
the province of ^lassachusetts Bay in 1771, after having held the 
offices of speaker of the General Court, Lieut. Governor and Chief 
Justice. He in turn was the fourth remove from the celebrated 
Anne Hutchinson, daughter of the Rev. Francis Marbury, born in 
Alford, Eng., in 1591, but who, becoming interested in the preach- 
ing of John Cotton and of her brother-in-law John "Wheelwright, 
followed the former to this country with her husband in 1634. 

Samuel Cutler, the subject of this memoir, was born in Xewbu- 
ryport, Mass., on the 12th of May, 1805. His father was for 
many years a merchant in that city, president of an insurance com- 
pany, and warden of the Protestant Episcopal Church, to which he 
was much attached. At fourteen years of age Samuel entered a 
store as clerk, but upon attaining his majority removed to Portland, 
Me., forming a copartnership in the dry goods business. In that 
city he continued to reside for a period of eight years. Here it was, 
to use his own expression, that "the Holy Spirit was exercised with- 
in him, giving him a more correct and exalted idea of God than he 
had ever entertained." It was the earnest gospel-preaching and con- 
sistent living of the consecrated and renowned Dr. Edward Payson, 
which under God brought about this happy change. Whoever 

VOL. XXXV. 19 



214 The Rev. Samuel Cutler. [July, 

knew both Dr. Payson and Mr. Cutler, must have been able to 
disthiguish many traits in the one which reminded them of the 
other. Comparing Dr. Cummings's memoir of Edward Payson 
with Mr. Cutler's private journal, I have been astonished at the sim- 
ilarity. The former in character and service was a noble model, 
the latter a worthy copy. 

The second copartnership which j\Ir. Cutler had formed in Port- 
land expired in February, 1834, at which time he came to Boston, 
connecting himself as partner with the importing and jobbing firm 
of Edward Clarke & Co., the relation being finally dissolved in 
1837-8.^ And now arrived the second imporrant epoch in his his- 
tory. His heart had long said, " You may be useful as a minister of 
Jesus ;" and he now thought he heard God's voice proclaiming " This 
is the tccaj, icalh ye in it." The question of duty sorely troubled 
him. Flattering openings appeared in commercial hfe, and indica- 
tions were not wanting that such might be his proper sphere. He 
deprecated what he regarded as his hw attainments and meagre abil- 
ity, but the call of God could not be disregarded. "Can I prepare 
myself for the ministry?" he inquired: to this the answer came, "If 
God has called you, He will enable yon to prepare yourself; the 
five loaves will increase in the distribution ; the one talent may be 
multiplied if improved ; go on, and trust in the Lord." He went 
on. After much reflection, conferring only with his wife, and seek- 
ing the direction of Him without whose aid all our consultations 
are little worth, he came to his decision. " I trust," he writes, 
"that it is a correct decision, — and if so, may God give me grace 
to engage earnestly and perseveringly and prayerfully in the w^ork 
of preparation for the ministry ; if in that ministry He will be 
pleased to make me an instrument of promoting His glory and of 
saving souls." How faithfully this prayer was answered and the 
work performed, scores of the redeemed declare, some in heaven 
and some on earth. 

On May 12th, 1841, Mr. Cutler was ordained in St. Paul's 
Church in Boston to the Diaconate by the Rt. Rev. Bishop Gris- 
wold of the Protestant Episcopal Church. In the following year he 
was ordained a Presbyter in St. Andrew's Church, Hanover, '^Nlass., 
to the Rectorship of which he had been called. In this latter or- 
dination. Bishop Griswold was assisted by the Rev. John Woart of 
Christ Church, Boston, and the Rev. Thomas M. Clarke, then 
Rector of Grace Church, and now Bishop of Rhode Island. Mr. 
Cutler remained at Hanover more than thirty years ; which fact 
alone is more emphatic than any language possibly could be, in 
demonstration of the high value that his people placed upon hia 
labors, and of their deep and abiding attachment to him as a man. 
His resignation in 1872 was accepted with unfeigned sadness. His 
departure from Hanover was a loss sustained not by his parish alone, 
but by the community at large. The "Abington Standard" of 



1881.] The Rev. Samuel Cutler. 215 

April, 1872, doubtless truthfully expressed the feelings of its read- 
ers, when, in an extended notice of ^Mr. Cutler's work of thirty 
years, it testified that he " was universally respected and beloved ; 
that the impress of his ministiy would not soon be effaced ; that he 
would be followed by many good wishes, and long be held in re- 
spectful and affectionate remembrance." 

The fall of 1877 brought together in the city of Boston the Tri- 
ennial Convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church. In some 
respects this was the most notable gathering in the history of that 
body. It witnessed the conclusion of the warmly contested battle, 
which had been waged within its communion between the high and 
the low Church parties for nearly or quite a quarter of a cen- 
tury. " The result of that long war was victory all along the line 
for the ritualistic advance,"' wrote John Henry Hopkins, D.D., 
one of the boldest and ablest representatives of the High Church 
party. "A victory so complete," he adds, "that the renewal of 
hostilities hereafter is hopeless." This the writer considers apparent 
even to a superficial observer ; and men of ]Mr, Cutler's mould, 
therefore, felt that there was no longer a place within the Protest- 
ant Episcopal Church where they could honestly labor. His views 
of the truth were acquired in the extreme evangelical school. AVas 
it not natural that he should look with dismay at what he considered 
to be a deflection in the Church of his love? In fact, this was the 
underlying cause of his resignation at Hanover, to which we have 
just referred. He was relieved, and his mind brought to a point 
however, by the result of this convention of 1877, when, after long 
and prayerful deliberation, he resigned his office as presbyter in the 
Protestant Episcopal Church. Hard was the struggle, bitter the 
anguish it cost, but '' in the spirit with which John Winthrop 
and his Puritan companions, before leaving Yarmouth in 1G30 for 
these western shores, bade an affectionate adieu to the Church of 
England, trusting in God to be with and to guide them, so with the 
prayer that the divisions and compromises in the Protestant Episco- 
pal Church might be overruled for the glory of God, he said, 
farewell ! " 

j\Iore than three score years and ten of his life had now been 
spent. Unremittingly he had wielded the Sword of the Spirit in the 
defence of the Tioith for a third of a century. He carried the marks 
of conflict. Might he not have retired in glory and rested in peace ? 
No one could have gainsayed such an act. But his work was not 
done. Coke at the age of seventy started to Christianize India ; 
might he not as well have yet a task to perform ? The Reformed 
Episcopal Church, organized by the more aggressive and zealous of 
his earlier colleagnies, had been in existence three years. It was a 
etrictly Protestant liturgical church ; canonically free from roman- 
izing errors, with an open pulpit, and sacramentariauism expunged. 
It was indeed — as he thought — the church of his fathers, the Pro- 



^^^ The Rev. Samuel Cutler. [July, 

t*hr"L^Sir,' S'""'t "^ *'"•; ^■™" "S° ' ^'^ establishment in 
tlii=, the mtclleotual and mercantile centre of Ne«- En-land at once 
became the darlmg and holy ambition of his life. By the h In of 

his fa.th ! The h.story of his subsequent efforts in Boston may be 
bneay narrated On the ISth of Xoven.ber, 1877, his le" ter of 

th iZ^nVr '7 ^'; I'"' °f ""^ D'°^-«' "PP-red 'in print Oo 
the Advent Sunday following, «ith a little band of devoted adher- 
ents he inaugurated public services in the Freeman Place Chape , 

Church Tr°""""™ ""*= ?"™"' °f "-^ Reformed Episc, p 
Church This action is regarded ns the crowning act of his ife he 

a f;; of" rue r '"'"■■ r ^^ i'™""^' "'^t'^"' "' """-'' of th char! 
actei of t ue heroism. Friends nere few, and foes were many but 

oCH i ""T "■"' dismayed by the derision of the 

rilh he^ ^'"/'' ^'/'^ '°, "PP"-'"'™- In the consciousness of 
right he was content, if need be, to stand alone • Durin.. the two 

ttatofa conservator rather than a promulg.ator of their particular 

c rr'ale'^r "'k'^'" "1™."^^ '^"0, ..t his own recpicst! h u " 
ces .-.ppcarcd as the work began to develop and pi-omise a hap- 
K ■e.ult, he lelt that at last he might die. His langua-^e was then 

came ' JnThe ' T ""''"" 'Pr" ^''^ ''"^' "' ''"IW release ooa 
came. In the early spring of last year he was att.acked by disease 
of a rheumatic nature, which defied the physician's skill Ha 

to"r man'^'MllT ^"'"f V P"''"^^' '''"''^ -™ indisposition 
to remain. Al the days of his appointed time would he wait till 
his change came ' but still he was an.xious to go. " Why Ir y o 

ilTh- '"''!■ P^l""" ''""•n »■' 'be morning of the 17th of July, 1S80 

spent in test f;ving to the power and soodness of God. His suffer 
mg was at times severe, yet not a murmur escaped ; the Atonement 
of Christ was the theme of his thousht ; he often rehearsed the 
promises; his faith never failed. Triumphantly s" hia 
strongest and tenderest ties, he glided aw.ay without a tear or a 
doubt into the fathomless, measureless ocean of God. "He came to 
h^grave like as a shock of corn cometh in in his season." He wis 

redVilut a cTud,"' "" '""P'"' '"'''^ "' '"^ ''^- ^''^' "f^ 

Ob«;ure.J ^u.,nx t.he tempests ot the :^ky, 
Hat meln away into the light of Heaven." 

cirde'W^fnW^^^ I"1"'"'' .'^''°^'^ ^''""'^y ^^^^"^ ^^^ immediate 
circle of fnenda and acquaintances. He was a copiotis v/riter-the 



1881.] The Rev. Samuel Cutler. 217 

author of several tracts and larger devotional works, and a frequent 
contributor to the periodical press. Among the larger devotional 
books from his pen mav be mentioned those entitled, "Tlie Xame 
Above Every Name," and "The Work of the Holy Spirit;" being 
doctrinal and practical meditations for every day in the year. Both 
of them, recently revised, are published by the American Tract 
Society. He was a promoter of private and public charities ; a 
director of the North End Mission ; interested in the American 
Bible and Tract Societies, the General Theological Library of Boston, 
and other similar institutions. 

On the 5th of November, 1869, he was admitted a resident mem- 
ber of the New England Historic, Genealogical Society, and the 
following year constituted himself a life member. He took an ac- 
tive part in the affairs of the society, and made frequent contribu- 
tions to the library. During the absence of the recording secretary 
from the United States, ]Mr. Cutler was chosen secretary pro tem- 
pore, and performed the duties of that office from December, 1873, 
to June, 1874. At the annual meeting, January 6, 1875, he was 
chosen historiographer to succeed the Rev. Dorus Clarke, D.D. 
This office, for which he had peculiar quahfications, he held till his 
death, over five years and a half. In this time he wrote memorial 
sketches of more than one hundred and seventy-five deceased mem- 
bers, which were read at the monthly meetings of the society and after- 
wards printed in the Register. The readers of this work will 
agree with the writer, that they are models of concise biography, 
fihowing a painstaking accuracy and love of truth. 

Although ]Mr. Cutler was twice married, no living descendant sur- 
vived him ; his only child — a son, born of his second wife — having 
died eleven years ago, at the age of thirty-three. The first marriage 
of Mr. Cutler took place August 31, 1829, with Julia A., daugh- 
ter of Levi and Lucretia Cutter, of the city of Portland, Maine. 
The second, June 19, 1833, with Elizabeth D., daughter of John 
and Deborah Gardner, of Exeter, N. IL, who survives him. 

He was ever intensely active, earnest and aggressive in the cause 
of the Lord; and like Hezekiah, "in every work that he began in 
the service of God, he did it with all his heart, and prospered." 
And yet he was a man of great prudence. No one could imagine 
him hasty, or rash, or unwise. It was his habit to deliberate long; 
to weigh cause and etfect. He was conscientious to an extraordi- 
nary degree. The paramount question with him was not, " What is 
mypoHcy?" but, " What is my c/i<^2/ ^" The personal sacrifice he 
made on leaving the old church to unite with the new, turned on a 
question of conscience ; so did his change from mercantile life to 
the humble and unremunerative work of the gospel. It would be 
almost superfluous to say to those who knew him that he was pure 
in his life. One can hardly conceive that he had ever an enemy, 
80 considerate was he, and gentle, and true I He was open handed 
VOL. xxsv. 19* 



218 Sudbury Documents. [July, 

in charity, adopting early in life a rule to wliicli he ever adhered, 
of appropriating a certain part of his annual income to the service 
of God. As freely as he received he cheerfully gave. "In water- 
ing others," he said "he became watered also himself." He was 
broad in spirit. Like the late Dr. Chiinning, whom in many re- 
spects he greatly revered, he distrusted sectarian influence. He 
never sympathized witli modern high church views, and always held 
to the validity of the Christian ministry and ordinances as adminis- 
tered in Protestant churches of otlicr names than his own. He was 
firm in the truth. Modern speculation never disturbed him so far 
as his own hope was concerned. He knew whom he believed. 
He was saddened by the rationalism and infidelity of the day be- 
cause of their effect upon others ; but as for himself he ever re- 
tained his hold upon the truth as to the Tri-unity of God, the neces- 
sity of the Atonement, the plenary Inspiration of the Scriptures, and 
Justification by Faith. These were the foundation stones of his spi- 
ritual building, than to deny which he would sooner have parted with 
his life ! He was not only firm in the truth, but steadfast in faith. 
Faith in his Saviour's ability and readiness to pardon his sin ; faith 
in the superintending Providence of God ; faith in the fulfilment of 
His every promise. Faith which produced a childlike submission, 
a patient endurance, an ever hopeful anticipation. "I have faith to 
believe," was his favorite, and perhaps most frequently uttered re- 
mark. It was that faith which grandly sustained him and encour- 
aged others in the work of the gospel. It has found its reward, let 
us hope, in the fulfilment of its own holy desires. 



SUDBURY DOCUMENTS. 

Communicated by ^yILLIAM B. Trass, Esq., of Boston. 

THE two papers, copied from the original, which follow, we 
consider to be of great importance, as they give additional 
light and information in regard to the Sudbury fight in 1676, which 
has been discussed in the pages of the Eegistkr by the Hon. 
George S. Boutweli, and by a Committee of the Society, chosen in 
1866, consisting of Frederic Kidder, Esq., and Gen. Adin B. 
Underwood. See Eegister, xx. 135, 341. 

Sudbury's Accourd of losses — 1676. 

An Accompt of Losse Sustained by Severall Inhabitants of y* towne of 
Sudbury by y* Indian Enemy y* 21"' April! 1676. 

li 8 d 

Mary Bacon formerly y* Eehct of Ensigne Noyes . . 140: 00: 00 

Thomas Plympton . 130: 00: 00 

Deacon John Haines 180 : 00 : 00 



1881.] 



Sudbury Documents. 



219 



Serj : Josiah Haines 
Cap': James Pendleton 
John Goodenow 
William Moores 
Edward Wright 
Elias Keyes 
John Smith 
Samuell How 
M' Pelham 
M' Thomas Steevens 
Corporall Henry R: 
John Allen 
James Rosse 
John Grout jun' 
Thomas Rice 
Widd Whale 
Henry Curtice 
John Brewer 
Jacob Moores . 
Henry Loker 
Joseph flVeeman 
Joseph Graves 
Peter King 
Widd Habgood 
Benjamin Crane 
Thomas Wedge 
John Blanford 
Thomas Brewes 
Richard Burk 
Thomas Reade 



Total] Sum 



190: 00: 00 
060: 00: 00 
150: 00: 00 
180: 00: 00 
100: 00: 00 
060: 00: 00 
OSO: 00: 00 
140: 00: 00 
050: 00: 00 
015: 00: 00 
180: 00: 00 
OGO: 00: 00 
070: 00: 00 
060: 00: 00 
100: 00: 00 
024: 00: 00 
200: 00: 00 
120: 00: 00 
050: 00: 00 
100: 00: 00 
080: 00: 00 
060: 00: 00 
040: 00: 00 
020: 00: 00 
020: 00: 00 
015: 00: 00 
010: 00: 00 
010: 00: 00 
010: 00: 00 
003: 00: 00 

2707: 00: 00 



Besides y* uncovering y* Many houses & Barnes, & some hundreds of 
Acres of lands which lay unimproved for feare of y* Enemy to Our greate 
loss & Damage. 



Sudbury's Petition to the General Court, 1676. 

To y* Hon''^" y* Governo^ Dep' Governo' Magistrates & Deputies of y' 
Gen'^ Court assembled at Boston y* ll'^ Octob' 1676 

The hum*"'* Petition of yo'': poore distressed Inhabitants of Sudbury 
Humb Sheweth 

That whereas yo' impoverished Petition" of Sudbury have received in- 
telligence of a large contribution sent out of Ireland by some pious, & well 
affected psons for y* releife of theire brethren in New-England distressed 
by y" hostile intrusion of y^ Indian Enemy, and that upon this divers dis- 
tressed townes have presented a list of theire losses Susteined by fireing & 
plundering of theire Estates. Let it not seeme presumption in yo' poore 
Petition" to p'scnt a list of what Damages we sustained by y* Enemies 
attempts hopeing that o' lott will be to be considered among Our bretheren 



i 



220 Sudbury Documents. [July, 

of y* tribe of Joseph, being encouraged by an act of Our Hou^^* Geu'^ 
Court, that those who have Susteiued considerable damage should make 
addresse to this j/seut Session. And is there not a reason for Our releife ? 
Not onely by reason of Our greate losses, but also for Our Service ptbrm- 
ed iu repelling y^ Enemy: let y® Most High have y* high praise due unto 
him, but let not y* unworthy Instruments be forgotten. Was there with Vs 
any towne so beset since y° warr began with twelve, or fourteene hundred 
fighting men, various Sagamores from all Parts with theire men of Armes 
& they resolved by Our ruine to revenge y* releife which Our Sudbury Vol- 
unteers aftbarded to distressed Malbrough in slaying many of y^ Enemy & 
repelling y^ rest. The strength of Our towne upon y* Enemy's approach- 
ing it consisted of Eighty fighting men. True, many houses were fortitied, 
& Garrison'd & tymously after y* Enemy's invasion, & fireing some Volun- 
teers from "Watertown, & Concord tS; deserveing Cap' "Wadsworth with his 
force came to Our releife, which speedy & Noble service is not to be for- 
gotten. The Enemy well knowing Our grounds, passes, avenues, and situ- 
ations had neare surrounded Our towne in y^ Morning early (Wee not 
knowing of it) till chscovered by lireing several! disserted houses : the Enemy 
with greate force & fury assaulted Deacon Haines' house well fortified yet 
badly scituated, as advautagous to y^ Enemy's approach & dangerous to y* 
Eepellant, yet (by y* help of God) y* Garrison not onely defended y^ place 
fro betweene five or six of y^ clock in y* Morning till about One in y^ After- 
iioone but forced y* Enemy with considerable slaughter to draw-off. 

Many Observables worthy of Record hapned iu this assault. Vizt: That 
noe man or woman seemed to be possessed with feare : Our Garrison-men 
kept not within their Garrisons, but issued forth to fight y^ Enemy in their 
sculking approaches : "We had but two of Our townes men slaine, & y' by 
indiscretion, none wounded ; The Enemy was by few beaten out of houses 
which they had entered & were plundering. And by a few hands were 
forced to a running flight which way they could : y^ spoyle taken by them 
on y* East side of y* river was in greate p*'^ recovered. 

Furthermore pmitt yo' hum*^'^ Petitcon" to present a second Motion, 
And let it be acceptable in y^ eyes of this Our Grand Court Vizt : 

That whereas, by an Act of Our late Gen'' Court Ten rates are leavied 
upon Our towne amonting unto 200"' : (as appeareth p warrant from Our 
Treasurer, which said suiii was leavied by Our luvoyce taken in y'^ years 
before Our greate damage susteyned. It is y* humble & earnest request of 
yo'' Petition" to commisserate Our Condition in granting to vs some abate- 
ment of y* said suin, for y* ensueing considerations, ^'izt tFirst Our towne 
to pay full for theire estates then taken, which in greate pte they have now 
lost by y^ Enemy's invasion may seem not to savour of pitty no not of 
equity. Secondly if y^ service pformed at Sudbury (by the help of y* Al- 
mighty) whereby y^ Enemy lost some say 100, some 105, some 120 and 
by that service much damage prevented from hapning to other places 
where by y® Country in generall was advantaged, reason requires some fa- 
vourable consideration to yo^ servants of Sudbury. For if it be considered 
what it hath cost Our Country in sending out some forces some of which 
pties have not returned with y* certaine newes of such a number slaine as 
with us, is it not reason'" that this service soe beneficiall should not be con- 
sidered with some reward which may most easily be essected [s/c] by issue- 
ing forth an Act of yo' grace in a sutable abatem' of y^ said sufn leavied. 
"With y* conferring of a Barrell of Powder & sutable shott iu regaurd that 
yo' Petioners have spent not onely their owue stock of either, but much of 



1880.] Sudbury Documents. 221 

y« Towne stock. To which humble & Equitable IMotions if Our hon'"'' 
Court shall benignelj condescend Yo" will deepely Oblidge yo' humble 
Petitioners not onely to pray for y* p'sence of y* Lord to be with yo" in 
all yo' arduous affaires with the blessing of Thalmighty upon all yo' under- 
takeings but shall for Ever remaine Yo' humble Servants, 

Edm. Browne Peter noyes 

Edm Goodnow Jonathan Stanhope • ' 

John Grovtt Edward wright 

John Haines Jebeth Browne 

JosiahHaynes John Grovt jun' 

Thomas Kead Joseph Graves 

Peter King Tho: Walker 

John Rvter sen' John Blanford 

Joseph Noyes John Allen 

John Goodenov/ Henry Curtis 

Matthew Gibs Jacob Moores 

Thomas wedge John Brewer 

Benjemen Crane James Ross 

Zacriah Maynord Richard Burk 

Joseph : Moore John Smith 

John Parminter Thomas Breves. 

Joseph parmenter .. Samuell How 

Henery Loker 

In Answ' to the Petion" for Abatem' in their Last Ten Country Rates 
by reason of their Losses in Estates by the Como Enemy: wee vppon ex- 
ama finde y' in their Last Assesm' their estats falls short 4'". 9'. : in 
their single Country Rate doe therfor Judge meet, s"^ Towne of Sudbury 
be Allow<* £44: 10' out of their whole suiiie to their 10. Rates: & Re- 
ferring to their request for a Barrell of Powder &c. wee refer it to y' 
Courts determnacon. 

"William Parke 
Hugh Mason 
John Wayte. 

The Deputyes approue of the ret. of this Committee in Answer to this 
pet. o' Hono"* magis" Consenting hereto 

William Torret Cleric. 

25 October 1676. Consented to by y* magls". 

Edward Rawson Secrey. 

^[Endorsed:] — Sudbury's Petition.— Read w^ the deputyes Read w*^ the 
magis** &, Reffered to the Deputyes first to Ans' it : 

Edw Rawson secf^ p Curia=En* 34. 



222 Letter of Jean Mascarene. [July, 



LETTER OF JEAN MASCAREXE, 1687. 

Communicated by Samuel Epe3 Turxeb, A.M., of Baltimore, Md. 

Letter to M. Devie, his Attorney, writ'en from the prison of the Hotel de Ville, 
December 1, 1687. 

[In the Registek, vol. ix., pages 239-47, and vol. x., pages 
143-8, will be found some papers of the ]\lascarene family, with a 
tabular pedigree. The following letter of instructions and poem, 
in French, from the same collection, have been translated and fur- 
nished us by Mr. Turner. This letter is mentioned in one from 
Paul Mascarene to a relative dated "London, 30th Sept. 1763," 
which is printed in the article first referred to above. Those who 
wish to know the later history of Jean ]\Iascarene will find it in the 
letter of Paul. He was kept in prison till April, 1688, when he 
was carried to the frontiers of France and released, but forbidden 
to return to that country. He arrived in Geneva, April 10, 1688, 
from which place he removed to Utrecht, where he died April 6, 
1698, aged 38. — Editoe.] 

Sir, 

I have cast my eyes upon you to pray you to defend my rights and 
put them in evidence, because I know of no attorney more enlightened by 
study and by experience, more honorable, or less likely to be influenced by 
an ill-governed and ill-advised religious zeal. 

I make profession of the Reformed Religion, and I am in prison accused 
of having violated the edict of the King, which forbids his subjects to de- 
part the kingdom. 

2. I was arrested at Agen the 20th or 21st of February in the year 
1686 (my wife with me) by the Lt. Chevalier de Gramond, Ueutenant of 
dragoons, and conducted by him and several other officers, accompanied by 
Boldiers, to the Logis de St. Jacques ; thence, after separation from my 
wife, I was led to the prison of the Presidial of Agen, with others that had 
been arrested. An hour later I was visited by a sergeant and a soldier of 
the Touraine regiment, who took my tablets from me after I hud opened 
them in the presence of the goaler. There was nothing in the tablets but 
a bit of card board on which a diagram was drawn. These tablets were 
taken to the officers in command of the troops then in Agen. 

3. Two or three days afterward I was examined by an official in a gown, 
who was addressed as " Lieutenant of the Presidial of Agen." I appealed 
from him to my natural judge, but although I had determined not to an- 
swer any of his questions, I could not restrain myself when he showed me 
my tablets and I saw written in them a sonnet in the Gascon dialect in 
derision, as he said, of the conversions that were made. I presume that the 
officers of the Touraine regiment, through whose hands my tablets passed, 
had written it there. I contented myself with protesting that I had neither 
composed, written, read nor heard mention of the said sonnet, and that it 
had been foisted into my tablets after I had handed them over to the ser- 



li 



1881.] Letter of Jean Mascarene. 223 

geant and soldier, as I called both them and the gaoler to witness. My 
protest was recorded upon the sonnet itself. 

4. After a second hearing, some twelve or fifteen days later, during 
which I kept urging my appeal, I was sent to Castres, together with M. 
Dupuy. now a prisoner in the Coiiciergerie under the same charge with me. 
He was arrested the same day that I was, and it was then that I made his 
acquaintance. 

After we had been some days in the prison of Latoucandiere at Castres, 
M. Barbara, the criminal judge, proceeded to my hearing. 

5. Lie asked me if it were not true that I liad left my house in Castres 
at the beginning of the summer of 1GS5, to go into the country. I replied 
that I had passed the summer with my wife at my farm near Angles, at- 
tending to my haying and harvesting, and enlarging my house, which had 
previously contained but one room, so as to pass comfortably one or two 
months there every summer. 

6. He asked me if after returning to Castres towards the end of the 
summer I had not again gone to my farm. I answered in the athrmative. 

7. He asked mewhy I had left my country house with my wife about 
the 10th or r2th of October, 1685. I answered that my wife was then 
pregnant, expecting to be confined in seven or eight days, and was much 
alarmed at the rumors current that Castres and Angles were to be given 
up to the soldiery, as the neighboring towns had already been, and afraid 
that our house would be occupied by them. 

As it was impossible for me to reassure her, and I saw that her life and 
our child's life were in danger. I sought an asylum for her among some pea- 
sants in the mountains near Xove, where we passed part of the winter. 
Here she was delivered of a male child, which was named Jean Paul Mas- 
carene (he is now at Castres). 

8. He asked me why I had gone to Toulouse. I replied that the news 
that twenty of the Couismark (quert/. lionigsmark) regiment had sold my 
cottage and all the hay and straw on my farms, together with my furniture, 
and had been detailed in the night to arrest us, so increased my wife's fears 
that we were obliged to departf Tliis was the more necessary because we 
could no longer remain in that locality by reason of an ordinance of the 
Intendant which forbade harboring those of the Religion under the penalty 
of 500 livres fine. 

I said, moreover, that Article XH. of the edict of the King revoking the 
Edict of Nantes, gave us liberty to go into all the cities of the kingdom with- 
out molestation on occount of our religion. 

9. He asked me why I had not stayed at Toulouse, and why I had em- 
barked on the Garonne in the mail-boat. I answered that thinking it im- 
possible to remain in Toulouse with safety because I was well known there, 
I determined to go to cities where I was not known, where I could wait 
until it should please the King to ordain some abiding measures with refer- 
ence to his subjects of the Religion called Reformed, for although it 
was forbidden by his 3Iajesty to disturb them, nevertheless some persons 
abused their power and seized the opportunity to persecute such as they 
had grudges against. That my wife could not then travel conveniently on 
horseback, because she was not fullv recovered from an illness consequent 
upon her lying in, and hence I concluded to embark on the Garonne in the 
boat that runs regularly to Agen. Arrived at Agen I feared for my safety 
there, because I was known to Lt. de Romeus, a native of Castres, who 
commanded the troops quartered in the city by virtue of senior Captaincy, 



22^ Letter of Jean Mascarene. [July, 

and because I saw several other officers who knew my wife and myself, and 
Heard that people of the Religion had been arrested there. 

Thus I was compelled to embark at once on the boat for Bordeaux T7e 
were no sooner aboard, than the Lt. Chevalier de Gramond accosted me and 
asked if I did not profess the Religion called Reformed. On my renlvin^ 
that J did, he commanded my wife and myself in the King's name to follow 
nim, and we obeyed. 

10. M. Barbara, the criminal judge, then asked me explicitly if it were 
not true that I had intended to depart the kingdom. I replied that I loved 
my country too well to leave it, unless forced to do so. 

^^\x^^f "^^^^ ^'^^"^ "'^ '^ ^ ^""^ "^"^ planned with M. Dupuy of Cara- 
man, M. de Moulens and wife, the Lt. Candier and wife, resident at Bruni- 
quet three leagues from Montauhan, and the Lt. Malabion (now at Cas- 
tres), to depart the kingdom. To this question I replied in the ne-ative, 
and added that I did not know M. Dupuy or the Lt. Candier or his wife at 
all, and that I only knew M. de lAIoulens and wife bv sight— that the three 
lormer lived at the distance of nine or ten leagues from my place of resi- 
dence, the latter at the distance of twelve or fifteen leac^ues. 

I acknowledged that on my arrival in Toulouse Thad met the Lt. de 
Malabion, who told me that he was bound to tiie fair at Bordeaux with the 
horse that he was then riding (the horse belonged to the jud-e, M. Bar- 
bara). I was surprised afterwards to find the Lt. de Malabion on the boat, 
and asked hini what he had done with his horse. 

T ^\ T^f -^'V''^ "^^' ''^^^^'^ ™" "''^''^^ "'^s my object in going to Bordeaux. 
1 replied that I went because I could not safely remain at A^en, and was 
m hopes to pass a few days there unnoticed and in quiet, at lei°t durin^ the 
tair which was to begin in seven or eight days. (I intended to stop in La 
Keale or elsewhere in case I found the safety and rest that I was seekin-.) 

i^our of my tenants from different farms testified that I set out from mv 
farm at Carrelle where I had passed the summer, but that thev did not 
know whither I went. One of thefc said that I set out in the nicrht with 
my wite. jMy testimony in that regard you will find in section 7. ° 

Two of the town council of Angles testified that a sergeant and twenty 
soldiers of the Conismark {query, Koaigsmark) regiment, in command of a 
commissioned officer, went to my form at Carrelle, and that one of them on 
his return to Angles said that they had not found me. See a-ain mv testi- 
mony m section 7. = w " 

A certain Darraquy tutor in a gentleman's family testified that when I 
was asked by the gentleman with whom he lived whether I would not chancre 
my religion, I replied that I was convinced of the truth of my reli-ion and 
hoped to be faithful to it all my life. I not only admitted this fac't to M. 
tiarbara when he confronted me with this witness, but I told him that if he 
would take the trouble to ask me the same question, I should ever make 
the same reply. 

By judgment rendered in the month of April, 1686, M. Dupuy and my- 
self wei-e sentenced to the galleys for life, our property was confiscated and 
a line ot a thousand pounds imposed to be paid into the roval treasury. 

l.ater we liad to appear before the Parliament of the Presidency of Tou- 
louse, and some days thereafter we were separated. M. Dupuy remained 
at the Conciergerie, while I was transferred to the prison of the Hotel de 
ViUe, tiom which I write to you. 

A year after, viz. May 7th of the present year, 1687, we had a hearing at 
Iva Lelette, where the Councillors of the Chamber of Parliament asked me 



1881.] Letter of Jean JIascarene. 225 

some questions concerning the matters specified above, but occupied most of 
tbe time of the hearing in discussing atiuirs that have nothing to do with 
our present business. 

Although my religion passes for a crime, and I know well that but 
for my religion I should not be in my present coiuiition, I make bold to jus- 
tify this so-called crime, and choose rather to be the criminal that I am than 
to recover all that I have lost. 

All discussion apart, I am persuaded of the truth of my religion, my con- 
science refuses what is offered me, and I have an uncontrollable aversion to 
hypocrisy. 

It is my opinion that all that can bring us to embrace any religion is the 
knowledge that we have of God and of what he has done for us, the love and 
gratitude that we feel towards him, our recognition and our love of truth, 
our fear of infinite and eternal misery, and our hope of perfect and eternal 
happiness. 

In all my hearings I omitted mention of an affair in which my wife was 
concerned, that gave us good reason to fear seizure and maltreatment. You 
will perhaps consider its bearing upon my case important, and hence it will 
not be improper for me to digress here. 

I married Marguerite de Salavy three years ago. Four years ago a certain 
young man named Calvet gave her a blow in the public street. On account 
of this insult a warrant was issued for his arrest, and he was arrested and 
carried to the prison of La Tourcaudiere, where the relatives and friends of 
the said Mile, de Salavy, now my wife, were obliged to stand guard over 
him, because the gaoler would not be responsible for his safe keeping by 
reason of the insecurity of the prison and his fear of the said Calvet. lie 
was tried before the proper othcials at Castres, and sentenced to six years 
in the galleys. This sentence was about to be carried into execution, when 
by the decree of the Parliament, issued upon his appeal, it was commuted 
and he was sentenced to beg Mile. Salavy "s pardon in her house at Castres, 
iu the presence of such persons as she should choose, and was banished the 
city and faubourgs for one year. 

The father of the said Calvet was consul of Castres in 1 685, when the soldiers 
came there, and as it was a time when those who had authority abused it to 
satisfy their private animosities, he boasted that the first fifty dragoons that 
entered Castres should be detailed to plunder our property and persecute us 
at our small farm at Carrelles, where we then were, and where our only 
shelter was one room. Picture to yourself the feelings of a woman ex- 
pecting to be confined in two or three days, on hearing such news as this. 

The same, Calvet was afterwards the cause of our quitting the place where 
my wife was brought to bed. He happened to meet on his road a man from 
the farms of Poussines, and inquired of him particularly my whereabouts, 
saying that he was one of my intimate friends and wished to know where I 
was in order to offer me his services and pass a few days with me. We 
learned that he had gone to Castres to inform his father the Consul that all 
he had to do was to send the soldiers, and that they could not fail to secure 
our persons this time as they had failed before. lie had already had the 
satisfaction of seeing our property seized and made away with. 

From the data that I have given you, and from the other points that shall 
be furnished if we have time, please make up a brief, puttiug all other busi- 
ness aside as long as necessary for attention to this, because the Procureur 
General spoke to my Procureur, M. Manou, to-day, of bringing the case up 

VOL. XXXV. 20 



226 Letter of Jean Mascarene. [July, 

soon, and our trial may take place on Satnnlay next. Nevertheless, we 
must take time enough to liave the brief printed and to distribute it. 

If there is need of our haviuor a personal interview, I beg you will come 
to see me here, assuring you that whatever time you employ in my behalf 
shall not be time lost to you. If there are any expenses to be met other 
than for the trial of the case, I pray you advise the bearer of this letter, for 
I am resolved to use all the influence of my friends and connections, all that 
I can claim of them and all that is left to me, to make good my defence, 
leaving the issue to the will of God. If 1 must suffer, I shall suffer more 
patiently knowing that I have not to blame myself for neglect iu any re- 
spect. To my thinking it is as much a man's duty to sacritice his possessions 
to save his life, as it is to sacritice botlr life and possessions to save his soul. 
I am. Sir, 
Your very humble and very obedient servant, 

Mascakexe. 

I do not. remember, Sir, that there was anything said in the course of 
my trial about the Lt. Calvet referred to iu the summary that I sent you 
of my case, because it never entered my head that M. Barbara could im- 
pose any penalty upon me, and I was accordingly at no great pains to jus- 
tify my actions. If, however, you think that matter of some importance, I 
can prove what I advance as follows. 

It is on record that Lt. Calvet was consul in 1686, The reasons that 
he and his son had for ill feeling towards my wife and myself are evident 
from the sentence recorded in the ordinances of Castres, which condemned 
the latter to the galleys at the suit of Marguerite de Salavy, now my wife, 
and from the arrest of judgment upon his appeal recorded at the Chamber 
of Parliament, which changed the penalty and condemned him to ask her 
pardon, and to banishment for one year. The threats which he publicly 
made can likewise be proved. To the best of my recollection, when I sat 
in the prisoner's dock in the Chamber of Parliament on 3Iay 7th of the 
present year, 1G87, one of the judges asked a question that bore so directly 
■upon this matter that I made mention of it ; but of this I cannot be sure. 

The Sr. Barbara condemned me on the presumption that my desire to 
go to the neighborhood, of Bordeaux and my embarking on the Garonne 
were due to an intention to depart the kingdom. But my journey was 
made for another reason, and was due to the persecution of a private 
enemy. 

What right had he to condemn me out of his imagination ? Even if his 
theory had ground, it would be at most but putting it that I had the inten- 
tion of departing the kingdom, and I have always heard say that intentions 
are not punished in France, 

I was arrested at Agen forty or fifty leagues from the frontier, and you 
might say in the heart of the kingdom. Admitting that I had such inten- 
tion, I should have had plenty of time to change my mind, and might rea- 
sonably have done so, knowing as I did that even since the edict of the 
King revoking the Edict of Nantes, those who professed the Religion called 
Reformed could remain in all the cities of the kingdom without being mo- 
lested on account of their religion. There was nothing then to fear but 
the resentment of mdividuals and the malice of those who abused their 
power. 

It is clear that M. Barbara took part against me from the fact that when 
my three neighbors were brought to confront me (I think they were the 



1881.] Letter of Jean Mascarene. ^ ' 227 

first witnesses produced), it was discovered that he had couched their depo- 
sitions in his own words according to his own tancy. instead of using the 
words of the witnesses. When he read the deposition of the first witness, 
it was worded somewhat as 'follows : '• Sucli an one, shoemaker, deposes 
that Sr. Mascareue set out from his house in Castres to go to his country 
house in order not to change his religion according to the will of the King." 
The witness was much astonished and exclaimed that that was not what he 
had testified — that he had said that I set out from Castres to go into the 
country with my family, but what the business was that called me away 
he did not know, not having the gift of divination so as to be aware of what 
passed in my mind. Sr. Barbara threatened in my presence to put him in 
irons and to hang him, but the witness persisted, and declared that though 
he should hang for it he would only testify to what he knew, whereupon. 
Sr. Barbara corrected the record of his testimony. 

As he had treated the depositions of the other two witnesses in the 
same way (they were then waiting in another room in the prison), under 
pretence that my presence at the correction of the testimony of the first 
witness had annoyed him, he sent me into another room before calling them 
in. The record of their testimony afterward had nothing to say as to the 
design with which I left Castres. 

The truth of what I affirm will appear from the erasures that will be 
found in the original trial papers. 

My name is .Jean Mascarene. I am a native of Castres. At the time 
of my first hearing I was about twenty-six years old. I was twenty-seven 
years old the 26th day of April last. 

[The Metre is that of the Original.] 

CANTICLE COMPOSED IN THE PRISON OF THE HOTEL DE VILLE 
IN 1667. 

Oh King of Kin?s, oh Sovereign Power divine, 
In thee alone I trust. Thine ear incline, 
Show forth in me thy all resistless might 
Before thy foes, and shame them with the sight. 

And to my heart be given 

Sustaining strength from heaven 

From thee, its very source, 

That neither trip nor fall 

Arrest my walk in all 

Yet left me of my course. 

My mid career of life they roughly stay 
And shut me from the blessed lisbt of day. 
And fouler means ere long they may employ 
To shake my courage and my laith 'destroy. 
Within these gloomy walls. 

Where everything appals. 

As through the dark I peer 

No hope can 1 descry. 

Each moment to my eye 

Presents new forms of fear. 

Weakness and error are within me met 
To turn me from the path that I liave set. 
Deign with thy tpirit so to point the way 
That nought can tempt my feeijle steps astray. 
, In thought of cominjr bliss 

May I lose eight of this, 



228 ATarriages in West Springfield. [Julys 

The world, -ohich I resign ; 
Though bound and girt with ill, 
The ujarty"s crown be still 
Held up to me — he mine. 

Well Satan knows that such a sacrifice 
From out his hands must snatch the wishcd-for prize. 
He bids me hence transgress my country's laws, 
And thinks to tilch the. justice from my cause. 

Oh, Lord, his plans confound 

And bring them all to ground. 

The blindest thtn shall see ♦ 

How thy pure, holy word 

Doth suffer wrong in me. 

Thee have I followed, thee would follow still, 
To live without thee have nor strength nor will. 
Behold thy creature's cheerful offering, 
Peace, liberty and life, my all I bring. 

I know that but thy nod 

Thy power bounds, Oh God, 

And that thy providence, 

Though all mankind oppose, 

Can shield me from my foes, 

Secure me from offence. 

But though thy hand rend not this massy wall, 
Nor ope these doors, nor draw these bolts, but fall 
On me. and but strike off these galling chains 
To give in death release from ali my pains, 

Yet let me not repine, 

Assist my strength with thine. 

Grant steadfast faith and bold. 

My trembling hope to stay, 

And on the awful day 

iJy constancy uphold. 



MARRIAGE.S IX WEST SPRINGFIELD, MASS., 1774-1796. 

Contributed by Lyma.v H. Bagg, A.M., of New York, N. Y. 

[Continaed from toI. xxjci. page 2&4.] 

Noadiah Smith & Tirzah Taylor both of West Springfield were joined 
in Marriage 27='' 3Ia_v 1787. 

Azahel Colton of Longmeadow & Sarah Lankton of West Springfield 
were joined in Marriai^e June 5, 1787. 

Stephen Bliss Junior of Wilbraham and Clara Leonard of West Spring- 
field were joined in ilarriafje June y* 7"^ 1787. 

Solomon Lee of Westfield and Anna Lamb of West Springfield were 
joined in Marriage 21 June 1787. 

The foregoing return of Marriages was made by Mr. Sylvanus Gris- 
wold. 

The Intention of ^Marriage between Mr. John Lanckton and Mrs. Agnes 
Smith both of We^t Springfield was entered June 30"" and published Julj 
1, 1787. 

The Intention of Marriage between Stephen Olds & Rachel Church 
both of West Springfield was entered 30='' June and published July 1, 1787. 



1881. 1 JIarrh.ges in West Springfield. 229 

The lutention of jNIarriage between Docf Seth Latlirop of West Spring- 
field & Miss Anna Abbott of EUiyo-ton was entered July 5'^ «fc published 
y^ 8'^ 1787. 

The Intention of Marriage between Israel Lanckton of TTest Springfield 
and Elizabeth Bacon of Suffield was entered Aug. 3'' and published tlie 4. 
1787, 

The Intention of Marriage between Benjamin Lilie of Suffield & Anna 
Phillips of West Springtield was entered August 4"^ and published v^ same 
Day 1787. 

The Intention of Marriage between Calvin Steward of Blandford and 
Eleanor Taylor of "West Springtield was entered September V\ 1787. 

The Intention of Marriage between Ciiarles McKinstry & Elizabeth 
Taylor both of West Springtield was entered and published Septem' IG"^ 
1787. 

The Intention of Marriage between James Rising Junior of West Suf- 
field and Sena King of West Spriu^-field was entered September the 13"^ 
1787 & y^ IG*'^ of the same Month published. 

The Intention of Marriage between Thomas Taylor & Clarissa Ba^jg 
both of West Springfield was entered Septem' lo*'*" & published the 16'° 
1787. 

The Intention of Marriage between Mr. Joseph Rice of Granby in Con- 
necticut & Miss Abigail Smith of West Springfield was entered cC- publish- 
ed September 28^^ 1787. 

The Intention of Marriage between Daniel Babcock of Middlefield & 
Jerusha Taylor of West Springfield was entered Septem' 5''\ 

The Intention of Marriage between Mr. Raneford Rogers of Morristown 
in New Jersey and Belinda Flower of West Springfield was entered Octo- 
ber the IS"' «fc published y*^ 14. 1787. 

The Intention of -Marriage between Mr. Abner Miller of West Spring- 
field and Miss Lois Edwards of Northampton was entered and published 
Octo'y^ 29^^ 1787. 

The Intention of Marriage between Isaac Morley and Elizabeth Stock- 
well both of West Springfield was entered Nov' 10. & published the 11"^ 
1787. 

The Intention of ]Marriage between Eli Ball and Lucy Worthington 
both of West. Springfield was entered November 22'' & published v*25 
1787. ^ 

The Intention of Marriage between Abrahana Ripley & Phebe Bliss both 
of West Springfield was entered November 22** & published y' 25'" 1787. 

The Intention of Marriage between William Alley and'Martha liagg 
both of West Springfield was entered Nov' 30"^ & published December 2^ 
1787. 

The Intention of Marriage between Mr. Seth Adams and Miss Lydia 
Taylor both of "West Springfield was entered Dec' 1. and published v« 2*^ 
1787. '' 

The Intention of Marriage between Capt. John Williston and Mrs. Sarah 
Ilorsford both of West Springfield was entered Dec' 1. and published v* 
2"* 1787. V J 

The Intention of Marriage between Charles Ball Jun' and Merah Miller 
both of West Springfield was entered December o"' & published v* 10"* 
1787. '' 

The Intention of Marriage between Elisha Fowler of West Springfield 

VOL. XXXV. 20* 



'230 Marriages in West Springfield. [Jwly» 

and Olive "WoodTrard of Worthington was entered Dec"" 8"" and published 
the IG*''^ 1787. 

The Intention of Marriage between Mr. Isaac Bcarde & Sarah Pepper 
both of West Springfield was entered and published Jan. 3'' 1788. 

The Intention of Marriage between Abner Ferre of Little Hoosuck & 
Tirzah Chapin of West Springfield was entered Jan-'' 3'^ & published the 
6'^ 1788. 

The Intention of Marriage between Aaron Bush of Westfield and Mar- 
tha Judd of West Springtield was entered Jan^ lO'^ and published the lo^ 
1788. [M. Feb. 4.] 

The Intention of Marriage between Simon Brooks of West Springfield 
and Hannah Owen of Southampton was entered January 18th and pub- 
lished the 20'^ 1788. 

Return of Mr. Lathrop. 

Ithamar Jones & Thankful! Day were joined in Marriage February 21, 
1787. 

Heindrick Wilner of Springfield and Mary Hayward of West Springfield 
were joined in Marriage March '22, 1787. 

Stephen Day and Sophia Bagg both of West Springfield were joined in 
Marriage July 12, 1787. 

Luke Parsons Juu'' »fc Esther Jones both of West Springfield were join- 
ed in Marriage Sept. 27. 1787. 

Thomas Taylor & Clarissa Bagg both of West Springfield were joined 
in Marriage Nov"' 1, 1787. 

Calvin Steward of Blaudford and Eleanor Taylor of West Springfield 
were joined in Marriage Nov"" b"' 1787. 

Daniel Babcock of Middlefield and Jerusha Taylor of West Springfield 
were joined in Marriage Decern'' 4, 1787. 

William Alley and Martha Bagg both of West Springfield were joined 
in Marriage December 17'^ 1787. 

Cap" Jn" Williston & Mrs. Sarah Plorsford both of West Springfield 
were joined in Marriage December 20, 1787. 

Charles Ball junior & Merab Miller both of West Springfield were join- 
ed in Marriage Fel/ 4, 1 788. 

Silence Day Daughter of Eli Day and Lydia Day was born January the 
first 1787. 

The Intention of Marriage between David Remington of West Spring- 
field and Lovisa Ilockum of Westfield was entered February the 9"" and 
published the same Day 1 788. 

The Intention of 3Iarriage between Justin Day of Essex a Town in the 
State of Vermont and Rlioda Day of West Springfield was entered Feby. 
9"^ and published the same Day. 

The Intention of Marriage between Cap" [Preserved?] Leonard of West 
Springfield and Mrs. !Mary Ilarrad (I su[jpose Harwood) of Westford was 
entered ]\Iarch P' and pul)lished y*" 2'^ 1788. 

The Intention of Marriage between Ileman Worthington &■ Martha 
Barber both of West Springfield was entered March the first & published 
the 2'^ 1788. 

The Intention of Marriage between Frederick Palmer & Abigail M'^In- 
tier both of West Springfield was entered March 9'^ «& published the lO"" 
1788. 

The Intention of Marriage between Grove Barker and Persia Miller 
both of West Springfield was entered March \i)^ and published. 



1881.] Marriages in West Springfield. 231 

The Intention of ^Marriage between Jeremiah Carrier Junior of "West 
Springfield and Sarah Ball of Northampton was entered March 18'^ and 
published the 23, 178S. 

The Intention of Marriage between Jonathan Church of Springfield & 
Theodosia iNIorley of West Spriugfield was entered April o'^ & published 
the sixth 1788. 

The Intention of Marriage between Julius Appleton and Delight Mor- 
gan both of West Springfield was entered April 19*^^ & published the 20''' 
1788. 

The Intention of Marriage between Charles Hart & Margaret Cooper 
both of West Spriugfield was entered April 25^^ & published the 2^'^ 1788. 

The Intention of 3Iarriage between Daniel Day & Ali Granger both of 
Wt. Springfield was entered May 3. &; published y* -i* 1788. 

The Intention of Marriage between Mr. Thomas Bagg of West Spring- 
field & Eunice Sackett of Westfield was entered Mav the IC^ & published 
the ll"" 1788. 

The Intention of ^larriage between Henry Rogers Jun' and Rebekah 
Day both of West Springfield was entered May 17, and published the 18, 
1788. 

Daniel Ashley son of Lt. Beuj.^ Ashley & Mrs. Ruth Ashley was born 
May 12"* 1788. 

The Intention of Marriage between n Billings of Conway and Caro- 
lina Adams of West Springfield was entered July — & published the 20"" 
1788. 

The Intention of Marriage between Dudly Lamb of West Springfield and 
Rhoda Lee of Westfield was entered and published the 25''' October 1788. 

The Intention of Marriage between Perez Mirrick and Hannah Williston 
both of West Springfield was entered September 20"^ & published the 21. 
1788. 

I do hereby certify that on the 23d Day of Sept' 1788 David Smith «S: 

Clarissa Day both of South Hadley were joined in lawful Marriage by me. 

Attest Justin Ely Justice of t"ie Peace West Springfield April, 1789. 

The Intention of Marriage between of West Springfield & Sarah 

Weller of Westfield was entered Nov' 22<* & published y" 23^^ 1788. 

The Intention of Marriage between Cap° Joseph Day of West Spring- 
field & Mrs. Lois Lvman of Northampton was entered Nov' 21. &, piiblish- 
edthe23. 1788. 

The Intention of Marriage between Anson Williston of Springfield & 
Chloe Nelson of West Spriugfield was entered y^ 20"^ Novem' & published 
y' 23'! 1788. 

The Intention of Marriage between Daniel Ely and Joanna Day both of 
West Springfield was entered October 4"^ and published the 5^'' 1788. 

The Intention of Marriage between Elijah Rogers and Lucy Smith both 
of West Spriugfield was entered the '2^'^ November & published y* 30"^ 
1788. 

The Intention of Marriage between Israel Williston jun' & Sophia Day 
both of West Springfield was entered the 29^^ November & published the 
30*'' 1788. 

The Intention of Marriage between John Lee of West Springfield & 
Hannah Ward of Blaiidford was entered January the 23** and published 
the 25'" 1789. 

The Intention of Marriage between Charles Leonard and Mercy Rem- 
ington both of West Springfield was entered February 7"" & published the 
S"' 1789. 



232 ^iy- jRoberf Pike's Land in Salisbury. [July, 

The lutention of ^larriage between Mr. Sylvanus Collins Griswold of 
Suflield and Miss Elizabeth Phelaud of West Spriugtield -was entered 
March T'-*' 1789 & published the S'-'' next following. 

"William Mumford & Lucy Horton both of "West Springfield the Inten- 
tion of ^Marriage between them was entered March 21'' & published v"-" 22** 
1789. 

The Intention of Marriage between Justin Leonard and Theodosia Leon- 
ard both of West Spriugtield was entered March 28"^ & published the 
29*'^ 1789. 

The Intention of Marriage between Ezekiel Kent & Desirable Allen 
both of West Sprincrfield was entered September the 26''' & published the 
27"^ 1789. 

The following persons were married on the Day of the Date affixed to 
their respective names. 

Justin Day of Essex in Vermont and Rhoda Day of West Springfield, 
Feb-^ 16, 1788. 

Simon Brooks of West Springfield and Hannah Owen of Southampton 
Feb-^ 21, 1788. 

Abner Ferry of Little Hoosuck and Tirzah Chapin of West Springfield 
March 3, 1788. 

Grove Barker & Persis Miller both of West Springfield April 3, 1788. 

Daniel Day & Abi Granger both of West Springfield, May 18, 1788. 

Henry Rogers Jun' and Rebecca Dav both of West Springfield June 
12, 1788. 

Perez Mirick and Hannah Williston of West Springfield Sept. 30. 1788. 

Daniel Ely and Joanna Day both of West Springfield Octo' 15, 17s8. 

William Brewster & Sarah Williston both of West Springfield Nov'' 20, 
1788. 

Israel Williston Jun'' & Sophia Day both of AVest Springfield Decern'' 17, 
1788. 

Elijah Rogers & Lucy Smith both of West Springfield Dec' 25, 1788. 

Charles Hart & Margaret Cooper both of West Spriugtield March 12, 
1789. By me J. Lathrop. 

[To be continued.] 



MAJOR ROBERT PIKES LAND IN SALISBURY. 

Communicated by William B. Teask, Esq., of Boston. 

THE Deposition of Richard Smith aged 53 y" or upwards & John Pres- 
see aged 55 y" is as flf'oUoweth 
Namely that in or about the y' 1650 or 51. we these deponants did arive 
heere in this Country: <k Towne of Salsbury w"" o' mast'' Maj' Robert Pike 
"W^ whome we y' yeare came from England ; & dwelt w''' him many years 
after not less than 10 or 12 concerned in it and about his affaires & busi- 
ness, & in all y' time nor since till of late did we ever heare it Questioned 
about the ffiatts & meadow below m'' Hooks by merrimack River between 
Mundays Creek & Hogg house creeke but y* it was ahvayes called the ma- 
jors &■ no bodyes elce & it was by him & his order used occupyed possessed 
& peceably & quietly enjoyed w'-'^out any disturbance that ever we saw or 
heard of we farther say that when we came into the Country ther was a 



1881.] Thomas Sharp's Letter from England, 1QZ2. 233 

good rayle fence that did fence y* meadow & some upland of the majors 
that was nest it into a pasture were he made use of both for fi'eeding & 
mowing as it was capable or as he saw occasion it was fed by milch cows 
oxen & other cattell of his & by* his order w'^out controle or Question we 
forther Tesify that the bounds of the pasture as then bounded was merri- 
mack River in p' southerly mundays creek esterly & land called Blasdells, 
Rine;3 & morrells or ncer to it westerly & the fence went downe upon the 
northward side next the upland of John Rolfe & others & so came east- 
ward to the head of the s<* mundays creeke where it stood many years after 
we came. 

We do farther Testify that much of it toward Merrimack River & mun- 
days creeke was then such as was of litle value for either mowing or feed- 
ing not capable of yeilding benefitt for severall years tho now far other 
wi°e We forther testify that the cows were milked in the fore mentioned 
pasture both evening & morning by Sarah Browne then servant in the 
house with us. 

They farther add that during theyr service & aboad w'*" majr Pike they 
had good occation & reason to observe & they never knew that any p'son 
made any use of the s"^ tlatts but by maj' Pikes order or leave & that they 
know that this is the land at present in controv'sy between Maj' Pike & 
Samuel weed. 

Sworne by both in Court at Newbury Sep' 27"* 1693. 

p Steph Sewall Cler. ; 
Copia vera Examined. ..-.; 

Stephen Sewall Cler. 

[Endorsed:] Smith & Presse (No: 21) 



THOMAS SHARPS LETTER FROM ENGLAM), 1632. 

Commanicated by William B. Trask, Esq., of Boston. 

THOMAS SHARP was one of the eighteen Assistants of the 
Massachusetts Company, who were chosen to that office, Oct. 
20, 1629. Among them were Sir Richard Saltonstall, Mr. Isaac 
Johnson, Mr. John Endecott, ]\Ir. John Humfry, which four gen- 
tlemen, with Mr. John Winthrop, were the same day put in nom- 
ination for the important position of Governor of the Company, 
preparatory to the government being transferred to New EngLmd. 
The Court " having received extraordinary great commendacons " 
of Mr. "Winthrop, " both for his integritie and sufficiencie, as being 
one every way well fitted and accomplished for the place of Governor," 
did with a general vote and a full consent, " by errecon of hands," 
choose him the Governor of said Company for " the ensuing year, to 
begin on this present day." Mr. Sharp was probably a passenger 
in the fleet with Gov. Winthrop. Two days after the formation at 
Charlestown of what is now the first church in Boston, he, with four 
others, joined it. This was on the first of August, 1630. Soon 
after, he was visited with a severe domestic affliction, wliich is thus 



234 Thomas Sharp's Letter from England^ 1632. [July, 

related by Gov. Dudley, in his Letter to the Countess of Lincoln, 
written nine months after the arrival of the emigrants in the Bay. 
"Ypou the third of January," 1630-31, "dyed the daughter of 
Mr. Sharpe, a godly virginne making a comfortable end, after a 
long sicknes. The plantacon here received not the like loss of 
any woman since we came hether and therefore shee well deserves 
to be reraembred in tliis place." A few weeks subsequently ano- 
ther calamity befell 'Mv. Sharp. On the 16th of March, " a])out 
noon," according to Gov. AVinthrop (see his Journal, i. 48), 
"the chimney of Mr. Sharp's house in Boston took fire, (the splin- 
ters being not clayed at the top) and taking the thatch burnt it 
down, and the wind being X. W. drove the fire to ]Mr Colburn's 
house, being [blank] rods off, and burnt that down also, yet they 
saved most of their goods." Gov. Dudley has it, that the accident 
occurred on the 17th, and adds, " both whose howses, which were 
as good, and as well furnished as the most in the plantacon were in 
2 houres space burned to the ground together with much of their 
household stuff, apparell and other thinges as allsoe some goods of 
others who soiourned w"" them in their howses." "For the preven- 
tion whereof," he continues, "in our new towne intended this somer 
to bee builded, wee have ordered that noe man there shall build his 
chimney with wood, nor cover his house with thatch, which was 
readily assented vnto, for tliat divers ether howses have been burned 
since our arrivall (the fire allwaies beginniuge in the woodden 
chimneys)." 

Later in his letter, Dudley writes, "The shlpp now waitcs but 
for wind, which when it blowes there are ready to go aboard therein 
for England Sr. Richard Saltonstall, Mr Sharpe, Mr Coddington 
and many others, the most whereof purpose to returne to vs againe, 
if God will." Mr. Coddington, and also the Rev. John Wilson 
who was one of the passengers in that vessel, returned, but Salton- 
stall and Sharp came not again. The ship set sail from Salem, on 
her outward voyage, April 1st, and arrived safely at London on the 
29th of the same month, 

AVhether Mr. Sharp, on his return to England, took up his abode 
in Groton, the native place of Gov. Winthrop, we cannot tell, as 
his address is not given in the letter which follows. The inference 
is, that it was there or in its immediate neighborhood. 

Worthy S' 

if this Missiue safely arryve att Wynthropia, itt wyll fall vpon a for- 
tune thatt I wyll nott envye ; and yett shall I have an happiuesse thatt I 
much desire ; for then wyll ytt, faithfully present vow and yo'' selfe w"' 
myne harty Salutations, some happy occurrences have acquainted nice w' 
yo' well-being, and I should rejoyce, to bee certayne of yo' safe-being, for 
my feares conclude the Salvages dilligent to sute an opportunytye to their 
Natures. I am as sorry to heare, many reportes blemyshe the hopes 
of yo' plantation, as I am pleasd to bee wytnesse, of severall desires to place 



1881.] Letters of j^icholas Moorey of Freetown. 235 

yo'' at Grotton ; and had I the casting vote, yo^ should bee there acjaine, 
w^'out being seae sicke ; did I suppose, vow would ether bee served he1-e, or 
would bee served by mee, yo* should have a warrant Dormant, vnder myne 
hand and seale to command mee. butt in regard that the first stand out" of 
all probabyllytie. ceremonious oilers shall nott crowd into this manuscript. 
I doubt nott, but thatt yo^^' sing the Songes of Syon in a strange land, and 
thatt yo^' have brought forth thatt Peace, yo^' travaild w*^ w-^" I wyshe 
multyplyed to yo^, to the height of all cotuforte ; lett o^ mutuall prayers 
meete at the throne of grace ; and so in confidence thatt no Gulphe shall 
part vs, when wee must departe, I wyll rest, tyll my long Rest 



«^ 



O^"^** 



March the 6"^ 
1632 




[Superscribed :] To my worthy and much respected frend m' John Win- 
thrope the Elder in new England 



whome God 



preserve 



LETTERS OF NICHOLAS MOOREY OF FREETOWN, MASS. 
Communicated by William B. Tr-^sk, Esq., of Bostou. 

Freetown Decern'': 7"": 1719. 
Couzen Moorey 

I Had A Letter from you in the Sumer past And I Gaue you An 
Answer forthwith w"='': I hope you Rec'': w"^" Might Be som'' satisfac": you 
Are often in my thoughts I am Not for Wrighting a Long CataLogue But 
Hope with All Coimeniencie IIo[it'ing to see you &vours But Trust"^: Hope 
you Will Take All your Steps In the fear of the Almighty God As Know- 
ing In & through Jesus Christ is our Alone Saluation : wh" Attained is our 
onely Interest So Hopeing in your Station you Will Be Stedy & other 



236 ' Longmeadoxo Families. [July? 

things will Be Aded as t^ Promise w'^'': is our only Dependance : I am in 
Hast now I would Xot Haue you spare Wrighting I shall Not I shall En- 
Large Wh° opportimty presents ^V Coram : wife of Cap' Tom': Coram 
"Was Aquainted With me in New England some years past: Who Was of 
a Good Hon"': family I Take My Leaue Remaining yours In Afectiou & 
Loue also to yours. NiCH' Moorey. 

[Superscribed :] To | M' Jn" Moorey In | London Liueing Near j 
Algate. Bricklayer, 

P-- M^ Jn°" Miluer. 



Freetown October: lo**": 1722. 
Couzen John Moorey : 

After Real Loue And Affection to you & yours at this time I am at 
Boston "With y'' Brother alias Couzen Thomas Smith "Who Hath Been so 
Kind as to Uizet me And My "Wite to Acceptance And Blesed Be God We 
Are Reasonable Well I Haue Giuen your Jirother Alias Couzen Smith A 
Memorandum of My "Will: ci- the Import thereof "Wiiich He Will Exhibit 
to you But if God spare My Life & Health I Will Come to England the 
first opportunity & se you & yours and Hope We shall Accommodate Mat- 
ers to your & Cozen Smiths sattisfaction I Write to you in Short My Cou- 
zen Smith Giueth A Candid account of you And yours I Take my Leue 
Subscribeing your Aflectionate Uncle Nich': Moorey: 

answ^y^ 13'" Ap' 1723 
[Superscribed :] A Letter from | Nioho' Moorey of New England [ to Jn" 
Moorey Dated 15 octo^ 1722. 



LONGMEADOW (MASS.) FAMILIES. 

Commanicated by Willard S. Allen, A.M., of Ea«t Boston, Mass. 

[Continued from page 163.] 

1st Generation. Nathaniel Ely appears to have been one of the early 
settlers of the town of Springfield. He is said to haye come from Elngland 

and first to have settled in the town of in the southwestern part of 

Connecticut, and from thence to have removed to Springfield. The time 
of his death as recorded is Dec. 2-3, 1675. The widow Martha Ely died 
Oct. 23. 1683, supposed to have been his widow. The only child of 
Nathaniel at present known of, was Samuel, probably born before they 
came to Springfield. It further appears from records that Ruth Ely, pro- 
bably daughter of Nathaniel, was married to Jeremy Hortou Oct. 3, 1661, 
and had one son Nathaniel Hortou who settled in Enfield or Somers. He 
was born June 29, 1662. Ruth the mother died Oct. 12, 1662. 

2d Generation. Samuel Ely, son of Nathaniel and Martha, as is sup- 
posed, was married to Mary Day the 28th day of the 8th month, 1659. 
Their children as rt-corded were— Samuel, born 1 day 1 month, 1662, died 
22 day 1 month, 1662. Joseph, born Aug. 2, 1663. Samuel, born Nov. 
4, 1664, died Feb. 18, 1665. Mary, born March 29, 1667, died April 19, 
1667. Samuel, born May 9, 1668. Nathaniel, born Jan. 18, 1670, died 
March 16, 1671. Jonathan, born July 1, 1672, died July 10, 1672. Na- 



1881.] Longmeadow Families. 237 

thaniel, born Aurr- 25, 1674, died May, 1G89. Jonathan, born Jan. 2-4, 

1676, died Feb.'"27, 1676. Martha, "born Oct. 28, 1677, died Nov. 25, 

1677. John, boru Jan. 18. 1679. Mary, born June 20, 1681. died Dec. 

21, 1681. Jonathan, born Jan. 21, 1683, died July 27, 1753. Mary, boru 
Feb. 29, 1685. Euth. born 1688. Samuel Ely the father died March 
17, 1692. Josepli. Samuel and John had families and settled^ in West 
Springfield. Jonathan settled in Longmeadow. ]\lary the widow was 
married April 12, 1694, to Thomas Stebbins, son of Thomas and Hannah 
Stebbins, he dying Dec. 7, 1695. She, the widow Mary Stebbins, was 
married Dec. 16, 1696, to John Coleman. 

3rd Generation. Joseph Ely, son of Samuel and Mary, married Mary 

. Their children— Joseph, born April 9, 1686. Mary, born July 25, 

1689. Martha, born July 16, 1691. Nathaniel, born Oct. 21, 1694. 
Ruth, born Oct. 20. 1697. " John, born March 17, 1701. Sarah, boru Jan. 
8, 1704. John, born June 19, 1706. 

\_Page 123.] 3rd Generation. Samuel Ely, son of Samuel and IMary, 
■was married to Martha Bliss, daughter of Samuel Bliss, Sen., and Mary 
his wife. (Their children.) Thcv were married Nov. 10, 1697. Martha, 
born Dec. 21, 1698. IMary. born Feb. 14, 1700. Samuel, born Sept. 21, 
1701. Martha the mother"died July 6, 1702. Samuel the father was mar- 
ried again, Dec. 7. 1704. to Sarah Bodortha. Their children — Sarah, born 
Aug. 30, 1705, died Jan. 5, 1789. Nathaniel, born Sept. 22, 1706. .Jo- 
seph, born Oct. 4, 1709. Tryphene, born April 7, 1712. Levi, born Feb. 
12, 1715, Mary, April 5, 1717. 

3rd Generation. John Ely, son of Samuel and Mary Ely, was mar- 
ried Dec. 30, 1703. to Mercy Bliss, daughter of Samuel, Sen., and Mary 
Bliss. Their children — Abel, born Nov. 18, 1706. John, born Dec. 3, 
1707, died May 22, 1754. Iveul>en. born Jan. 12, 1710. Abner, born 
Sept. 26, 1711.' Mercy, born Jan. 22, 1713. Caleb, born Nov. 25, 1714. 
Rachel, born Nov. 11, 1716. Noah, born July 4, 1721. 

\^Page 124.] 3rd Generation. Dea. Jonathan P^ly, son of Samuel and 
Mary, was married to Lydia Burt, dauc^hter of Jonathan and Lydia Burt, 
March 16, 1709. Their children— Lvdia, born :N[ay 25, 1710, died Jan. 
2, 1745. Elizabeth, born Nov. 30. 17'll, died Oct. 10, 1808. Jonathan, 
born .July 24, 1714, died Dec. 29, 1812. Nathaniel, born Sept. 1, 1716, 
died Dec 26, 1799. Mary, born Sept. 14. 1719, died Nov. 24, 1797. 
Lydia was married to Jonathan Hale. Dec. 20. 1736. Elizabeth was mar- 
ried to Jonathan Ferry, puhli>hed April 7, 1739. Mary married Deacon 
Aaron Colton, Nov. 2/", 1746. Dea. Jonathan Ely the father died July 27, 
1753. Lydia the mother Dec. 14, 1767. 

4:th Generation. John Ely, son of John and Mercy, was married Nov. 
15, 1733, to Eunice Colton, daughter of .John and .Joanna Colton. Their 
children — John, born April 6, 1735. Eunice, born Jan. 19, 1737, died 
Aug. 27, 1738. Justin, born Auir. 10, 1739. Eunice, born Aug. 31, 1741. 
Heman, born Jan. 8, 1744, died May 9. 1754. Rlioda, born 3Iay 12, 1746, 
died March 5, 1786. Amelia, born Dec. 26. 1750, died April 28, 1786. 
Eunice married the Hon. Roger Newberry, of Windsor. Rhoda married 
the Rev. George Colton, of Bolton, Oct. 7,1766. Amelia married Dr. 
Jeremiah West, of Tollaml, Feb. 8, 1781. John the father died May 

22, 1754. lOunice the niother was married again June 19, 1759, to Ruger 
Wolcott, Esq., of East Windsor. After his death she was married again 
April 8, 1761, to Joel White, Esq., of Bolton, and died March 30, 1778. 
This family lived in W. Springfield. 

VOL. xxxr. 21 



:238 Lougmeadow FanuUes. [July, 

4th Gcuemtion. Jonathan Ely, of Wilbraham, son of Dea. Jonathan 
and Lydia, of Longraeadow, was married to Esther Chapin, dautrhter of 
Henry and Esther Chapin, date of their publishment Oct. IS, I74(t. Their 
children — Jonathan, born Sept. li, 1741. Lydia. born March 22, 1744. 

Esther, born . Jonathan, born Oct. 1. i74G. Mercy, born Sept. 7, 

174.S. Lydia, born April 11, 1751. Juda, born June 24, 1753. Henry, 

born May 15. 1755. Elizabeth, born . Jonathan Ely the father died 

Dec. 29,''lS12. 

\_Poge 125.] 4th Generation. Dea. Nathaniel Ely, son of Dea. Jona- 
than Ely and Lydia his wife, was married Dec. 7, 1745, to Mary Esta- 
brook, daughter of the Key. Samuel Estabrook, of Canterbury, Conn., and 
Eebecca his wife. Their children — Sarah, born Oct. 31, 1746, died Aug. 
4, 1750. Lydia, born June 2. 1748, died P^eb. 19, 1781. Mary, born 
April 7, 1750, died Aug. 19, 1750. Nathaniel, born May 31, 1751, died 
June 18, 180S. Samuel, born June 28. 1753, died Noy. 22, 1774. Sarah, 
born Aug. 12, 1755. died Dec. 12. 1777. Ethan, born Oct. 15, 1757, died 
May 30, 1758. INlary the mother died January 13, 1759, aged 41 years. 
Dea. YAy the father was married again April 9, 17G1, to Abigail Colton, 
dauijhter of "William and Mary Colton. Their children — Abigail, born 
Jan^T, 1762. Ethan, born Feb. 13, 1764, died May 13, 18487 aged 84. 
William, born Aug. 14, 1765. Abigail the mother died December 22, 
1770, in her 46th year. Dea. Ely was married again, April 3, 1777, to Beu- 
lah Colton, daughter of Capt. Isaac Colton. She died April 24, 1786. 
Dea. Ely was married again. Noy. 15. 1787, to Martha Raynolds the widow 
of Dr. Samuel Raynolds. Esq., and daughter of the Rey. Stephen Wil- 
liams, D.D., and Abigail his wife. She died Feb. 18, 1825, age 92. Dea. 
Ely the father died Dec. 26. 1799, in his 84th year. Lydia married David 
White, of Longmeadow, Jan. 30, 1777. Samuel was educated at Yale 
College, graduated A.D. 1772, and died in a single state. Abigail mar- 
ried Elihu Colton, Dec. 6, 1787. AVilliam was educated at Yale College, 
graduated A.D. 1787, settled at Springfield in practice of law. 

\_Page 126.] 5th Generation. Dea. Nathaniel Ely, son of Dea. Na- 
thaniel Ely and Mary his wife, was married Feb. 16, 1786, to Elizabeth 
Raynolds,*daughter of Dr. Samuel Raynolds, Esq., of Somers, and Martha 
his wife. Their children— Mary, born Feb. 4, 1787, died Dec. 15, 1842. 
Samuel, born Aug. 5, 1789, died May 14, 1797. Elizabeth, born Noy. 7, 
1790. Beulah, born April 24. 1792." died Dec. 1838. :\Iartha, born Dec. 
15, 1795. Dea. Nathaniel P^ly the father ditd June 18, 1808. Mary the 
daughter was married Jan. 14, 1812, to Capt. Dayid Mack. Beulah was 
married Dec. 10, 1811, to Timothy Goodwin, of Symsbury. 

5th Generation. Capt. Ethan Ely, son of Dea. Nathaniel Ely and Abi- 
gail his second wife, was married Jan. 6, 1791. to Hannah Burt, the daugh- 
ter of Jonathan and Hannah Burt. She died Dec. 24, 1829, age 66. 
Their children — Ethan, born Nov. 24, 1791. Hannah, born Feb. 8, 1793. 
Abigail, born Dec. 20, 1794, died April 26, 1826. Sarah, born Sept. 8, 
1796. Jonathan, born June 10, 1798, died June 8, 1847. Hannah the 
mother died December 24, 1829. Ethan Ely died May 13, 1848, aged 84 
years. 

Ethan Ely, son of Ethan and Hannah Ely, was married October 13, 
1831, to Ana Cooley, daughter of Seth and Ann Cooley his wife. Ann, 
the wife of Ethan "Ely, was born May 14, 1«06, died :May 26, 1835. 
Ethan Cooley, sou of P^than and Ann Ely, was born May 17, 1835. 

Ethan C. Ely, son of Ethan and Ann Ely his wife, was married Sept. 



1881.] Longmeadoiv Families. 239 

1, 1857, to Charitv Bu?h. dauohter of Levi Bush, of Westfiekl, born Aug. 
14, 1S36. Their'cliiiareu— Mason Warren, born Sept. -26, 1858. Ethan 
Cooley, born Oct. 3, 1861, died Auij. 6, 18G2. [ Facant to page 128.] 

Hervy Y.Wh. son of Lieut. "Ellis, formerly of Staftbrd but last of 

Monson' was married Jan. 8, 1802, to Jeru.ha Spencer, daughter of Israel 
and Ruth Spencer (see page 195). Their children— Ilervy, born Aug. 4, 
1802. Jerusha, born Aug. 4. 1805. Jerusha Ellis died Oct. o, 1834, age 
55. Hervy the father died Xov. 3, 1810. 

Edmund' Evarts, of Loniimeadow, son of Benjamin and Abigail Evarts, 
of Gilford, Conn., was born Aug. 22, 1771, was married Oct. 9. 1796, to 
Annis Booth, daughter of .Joseph and Marv Booth, of Enfield. Their 
children— Mary, born Nov. 4. 1799, died Feb. 17, 1875. Nancy, born 
July 31, 1801,"died April 4, 1825. Joseph, born June 18, 1804, died Nov. 
1, 1874. Nancv was married Dec. 30. 1823, to Jacob Colton, born Sept. 
10, 1799. Edmund Evarts died April 22, 1849, age 77. Annis Evarts 
died Jan. 1817, age 80. 

IPoge 129.] Thomas Field, son of Samuel and Sarah Field, of Hatfield, 
was married Oct. 21, 1713. to Abigail Dickinson, of Springfield, daughter 
of Hezekiah and Abigail B. Dickinson, born Dec. 8, 1692, died June 20, 
1775, aged 83. Their children— Abigail, born Oct. 5. 1714, died Aug. 8, 
1777, age 63 rears. Samuel, born May 10. 1718, died Aug. 10. 1721. 
Moses, born Feb. 16, 1722, died March 7, 1815. Samuel, born Oct. 10, 
1725. Sarah, born Nov. 28, 1728, died April 19, 1773. Simeon, born 
April 25, 1731, died Jan. 7, 1801. Thomas Field the father at first set- 
tled in Hatfield, where his children were born, except Simeon, who was 
born in Longmeadow. He died Feb. 1. 1747. age 66 years. Abigail was 
married Nov. 14, 1754, to Abiel Abbot, of Windsor, and died without 
issue in Longmeadow. Samuel was educated at Yale College, graduated 
1745, and settled in Seabrook, Ct., in the practice of physicks. Simeon 
settled at Enfield in the practice of physick. 

Capt. Moses Field, sou of Thomas and Abigail Field, was married Sept. 
15, 1748, to Rebecca Cooley, the daughter of Jonathan and Johanna 
Cooley. Their children— Rebecca, born Nov. 29, 1748, died December 
26, 1836. Elijah, born December 23, 1750, died December 31, 1767. 
Oliver, born Nov. 15, 1752. died Jan. 15, 1801. Moses, born Feb. 9, 1755, 
died Jan. 14, 1831. Diademia, born Oct. 9, 1756. Aaron, born June 24, 
1759, died Aug. 30, 1760. Aaron, born June 24. 1761. Alexander, born 
Feb. 5, 1764, died June 8.1831. Sarah, l>orn Feb. 24, 1766, died July 
12, 1777. Naomv, born May 22, died July 31, 1777. Rebecca was mar- 
ried to Azariah Woohvorth. N'ov. 25, 1773. Oliver was married to Ann 
Cooley, daughter of Caleb and Mary Cooley, Nov. 4, 1773. Moses mar- 
ried Lydia Champion, daughter of Dr. Reuben Champion and Lydia his 
wife, of West Springfield, Nov. 23, 1780. Diademia married Stephen 
Williams, March 4, 1788; he leaving her, she married again to Jacob 
Kibbe, of Monson, June 25, 1793, and died in that town. Aaron studied 
physic, married Flavia Burt, daughter of Capt. David Burt, Feb. 10, 1784. 
They settled at Richmond, and had one child Sophia, born Dec. 24, 1784. 
He went to the southern states and died. She died at Longmeadow. 
Alexander married Flavia Colton, daughter of Samuel and Lucy Colton, 
Oct. 11, 1787. Rebecca the mother died Feb. 24, 1783. Capt. Moses 
Field married again, Nov. 1, 1783, to Lydia Champion, widow of Dr. Reu- 
ben Champion, of West Springfield, and she died May 1, 1809. He died 
March 7, 1815. Alexander died July 8, 1831. 

[To be continued.] 



240 The Harrison Family. [July, 



THE HAERISON FAMILY. 

JOHN A. McAllister, Esq., of Philadelphia, Pa., has sent 
us a copy of Poulaons American Daily Advertiser, Phila- 
delpliia, September 26, 1822, containing the article \Yhich we copy 
below. Sabine, in his " Loyalists of the American Revolution," 
I. 520, gives this account of Joseph Harrison, the father of Miss 
Harrison, of Hull, England : 

" Harrison, Josf:pii. Collector of the Customs at Boston in 
17G8, and after the seizure of Hancock's sloop in that year, was 
roughly treated by the mob, and pelted with stones. The windows 
of his house, which was adjacent to the Common, were also broken, 
and a large pleasure-boat belonging to him was dragged through 
the streets and burned near his residence, amidst loud shouts and 
huzzas. Peter Harrison was Collector of the port of New Haven, 
Connecticut, and died before June, 1775. The subject of this no- 
tice was in England, in 1777, with his wife and daughter." 

York Assizes, July 30. — Before Lord Chief Justice Abbott. 
Doe, Dem. Thomas, v. Acklam. 

This was a case of tedious pedigree, to prove, that an American lady, 
Mrs. Thomas, was heiress-at-law to Miss Harrison, who died at Hull, in 
1818, and left considerable property, without any testamentary disposition. 
;Mr. Sergeant HuUock stated the case, which he afterwards proved. Joseph 
Harrison had gone from York to America, and been comptroller of the cus- 
toms at Boston in 1775. Peter Harrison, his youngest brother, followed 
him to America, where he died, leaving four children, who all died without 
issue, excejit Elizabeth, who married Mr. James Ludlow, of which mar- 
riage Mrs. Thomas was the only surviving cliild. Miss Harrison, whose 
property was now in question, had been the daughter of Joseph Harrison, 
and none of the family or their descendants being now alive but Mrs. Tho- 
mas, she was clearly heiress-at-law. 

Captain Acklam, Colonel Le Blanc, T. "W, Ludlow, Counsellor at Law 
of New York, ^Miss Brentham, daughter of Admiral Brentham, were 
examined. 

Mr. Sergeant Hullock then handed a miniature picture of ^Mary Fran- 
ces Ludlow (Mrs. Thomas) when a child, which had been in the possession 
of Miss Harrison, observing, " My Lord, 1 put in the lady herself." 

The barristers looked very curiously at this picture. 

The Lord Chief Justice said, '• The lady is married, gentlemen." 

Mr. Scarlett admitted that the only point on which be could found an 
objection was the lady's being an alien. 

Tlie Lord Cliief Ju-tice directed the jury to find a verdict for the plain- 
tiff, subjf-ct to the oiiiiii'jn of the Court as to the aUency. It was surprising 
to find a case so clearly made out at such a distance of time and place. 



1881.] Rev. John Eliot's Record of Church Members. 241 



THE REV JOHN ELIOT'S EECORD OF CHURCH MEMBERS, 

ROXBURY, MASS. 

Transcribed bj ^VILLIAM B. Trask, Esq., of Boston. 

[Continued from page 24.] 

m"'mary Dumer, the wife of m^ Richard Darner: she was a Godly wo- 
man but by the seduction of some of her acquaintans, she was led away 
into the new opiuions in m^' Hutchiusons time, & her husband removing 
to Nuberv, she there opeidv declared herselfe, & did also (together w 
othe" indeavour) seduce her husband, & p'swaded him to returue to Boston ; 
where she being young w'^ child, d: ill ; m' Clark (one of the same opin- 
ions) ynskillfullv crave her a vomit, w^" did in such mauer torture cV- tor- 
ment her, w'^ the riseing of the moth' & other vyolences of nature y' she 
dyed in a most vncomfortable mader: But we beleive God tooke her away 
in mercy, fro worse evil, w=^ she was falling vnto. & we doubt not but she 

is gone to heaven.* .„. rr. , i. r -i 

fElizabeth ?] Talma^e the wife of wiUia Talmage. she was a g[r]ave 

matron a Godlv woman^, & after her husband was removed to Line after a 

few years she dvcd cV- left a gracious savor behind her. 

Ann Shellv a maide servant she came to the Land m the yeare 1G.j2. & 

was married" to [Richard] Foxallf a godly broth' of the church of Sit- 

Re'beckah Short a maide servant she came in the yeare 1632. & was mar- 
ried to [Walter] Palmerl a godly man of charlestowne church. 

Judith Bugby the wife of Richard Bugbie.f 

Florenc Carman the wife of John Carman.ij 

Mary Blott a maide servant, she came in the yeare. 1632. & was after 
married to steward woodfordi of tnis church, who after removed to Conec- 
ticott to Hartford church, where she lived in christian sort. 

William Hills, a man servant, he came over in the yeare. 1632. he mar- 
ried Fhillice Lvman the daughter of Richard liman, he removed to Hart- 
ford on conecticott, where he lived seyerall yeares, w''"out giving such good 
satisfaction to the conscieces of the saints. , t-, . i. 

Marv Gamlin a maide servant, daughter of Rob: Gamlin the Eld', she 
came with her fath' in the yeare 1632. she was a very gracious^maiden ; she 
dyed in m' Finchons family of the small pox. in the yeare 1633. 

Robert Gamlin junio' he arrived at N.E. the 20'"^ of the o'^ month, he 

• The second wife of Mr. Daramer was Frances, widow of the Rev. Jonathan Barr, of 
Dorche'ter Thev were married in 1644. She died Nov. 19, 1682. aged 70. Ot the four 
children of Mr. Dumrner by this connection, the eldest was Jeremiah, father of Jer.:miah, 
author, councillor, m^^mber of the artillery company. &c. ; by trade a goldsmith, who served 

^VSard Fox well, "one of the founders of the first church in Scituate, Mass., with the 
Rev John Lothroo, Jan. 8. lGi4. Rkgister. ix. 279, . r u 

+ He was probaLlv a voun-er brother of Abraham, of Charlenown, an abst.;ac of whose 
witl is given, IlEG. vii. :^6. Removed to Rehub.,th, thence to Stonington, ca led •^o'i^her- 
ton. tii?n a part of the county of Sutfolk. Will, Reo. xi. 39. See Blis. s mhohoth. 25, 
27 28 &c \VL>>' ler's History of U^e First Congreqational Church, ^toniiKjlon Coaii IJo. 

\ Died before 16.3G: his widoW married Robert Parker. See Paige's Cambndfje, 6--.. 

I Removed to UjU'^ L-land ; was one of the patentees of Hempstead, fhompsun s Long. 
Island, ii. 4. , „„. 

H Thomas Woodford. See Registee, present volume, page 16. 

VOL. XXXV. 21* 



242 Itev. John Eliot's JRecord of Church Members. [July, 

brought only one child, w'^'' was the sone of his wife by a former husband, 
his name is John mayo, he was but a child. 

P^lizabeth his first borne, was borne about the 2-i"' of the 4' month: ano 
dni: 1634. 

Joseph borne the 16'^ of the 10'^ month auo. 1636. 

Benjamin borne the iO'-^ of the 6' mouth: 1639. 

Elizabeth Gamlin the wife of Robert Gamlin junio'. 

Phillis Lyman the daughter of Richard Lyman, she came to the Land 
w*^ her fath' aHo I63I. God wrouglit vpon her heart in this Land, she 
grew deafe ; w'='' disease increasing was a great atSiction to her, she was 
married to wiilia Hills & lived with him at Hartford on Conecticot. 

John Moody.* he came to the Land in the yeare 1633: he had no child- 
ren he had 2 men servants, y- were vngodly. especially one of them ; who 
in his passion would wish himselfe in hell: &. vse desperate words, yet had 
a good measure of knowledg. these 2 servats would goe to the oister bank 
in a boate, & did, against the counsell of theire governo' where they lay all 
night ; & in the morning early when the tide was out, they gathe''ing oysters, 
did vnskillfuUy leave theire boate afloate In the verges of the chaiiell, & 
quickly the tide caryed it away so far into the chanell y' they could not 
come neare it, w*^*^ made them cry out & hollow, but being very early & 
remote were not heard, till the water had risen very high vpon them to the 
armehols as its thought, dc then a man fro Rockbrough meeting house hill 
heard them cry & call. &: he cryed & ran w"" all speed, & seing theire boate 
swam to it & hasted to them, but they were both so drowned before any 
help could possibly come, a dreadful! example of Gods displeasure against 
obstinate servats. 

Sarah Moody, the wife of John Moody. 

John "SYalkert 

Elizabeth Hinds a maid servant, she came in the yeare 1633. she had 
gome weaknesses, but upon the churches admonition repented, she was 
afterwards married to Alexander of Boston wheth' She was dismissed. 

Elizabeth Ballard, a maide servant, she came in the yeare 1633. & was 
soone after her comeing joyned to the church ; she was afterwards married 
to Robert Sever of this church, where she led a godly conversation. $ 

John Porter.§ 

Margret Porter the wife of John Porter. 

"William CornewellJI 

Joane Cornewell, the wife of Wiilia Coraewell. 

Safriuel Basse.H 

Ann Basse the wife of Samuell Basse. 

Nicholas Parker he came to N. E. in the yeare 1633. about the 7' 
month: he brought two children, Mary, & Nicholas: Johanah his third 
child was borne the first of the 4* month. 1635. 

* Savage says, son of Georpe, of Monlton, co. Suffolk, Eng. John, removed soon to 
Hartford. S.irnh, his widow, U:ed at Hjdley in 1671. 

t One of the di.-armed, 1*337 ; removed to" Rhode I?hind ; an earlv subscriber to the cov- 
enant of civil jrovL-rnmei.t; was at Port-mouth, R. I., 16iS. had a ;;rant of one hundred 
acres there in 1H39. See Butlctl's Records of the Colony of Rhode Island, vol. i. 

+ Seaver Family, p. '2. Reo. xxvi. 304. 

f Anotlier of tlie disarmed men, who went to Rhode Island, was an Assistant there. 
See R. I. Records. 

II Removed to Hartford K;.39, thence to Middletown about 1651, where he died Feb. 21, 
1678. Uinnian's Early Puritan Settlers of Connecticut, 724. 

H Went to Urairitree 16 lO, di^-d Dec. 30, 1094, aged 94. His wife died Sept. 5, 1693, aged 
9?. Thayer Family Memorial, 53. 



1881.] Rev, John Eliot's Record of Church Members. 243 

he removed fro vs to the church of Boston. 

Ann Parker the wife of Nichohis Parker. 

Phillip Sherman, he came into the Land in the year 1633. s. single man, 
& after married Saraii OJding. the daughter o the wife of John Porter, by 
a former husband, this man was of a melancholy temp, he lived honestly 
& comfortably among vs severall years, vpon a just calling went for Eng- 
land, & returned againe w'^ a blessing: But after his fath'' in Law John Por- 
ter was so caryed away w"" those opinions of familisme, & scizme, he follow- 
ed them and removed vf^ them to the Hand, he behaved himselfe sinfully 
in those matters (as may appeare in the story) and was cast out of the 
church.* 

Margret Huntington widdow ;t she came in the yeare 1633. her hus- 
band dved by the way of the small pox, she brought children w"^ her. 

Thomas Pigget 

Mary Pigge the wife of Thomas Pigge. 

Samuel Finch§ 

Martha Parke.|| the wife of Willia Park. 

John Tatman. 

Thomas "Willson^ he arrived in N. E. in the 4"* month ano 1633. he 
brought 3 children Humfry. Samuel. Joshua. 

Deborah borne, in the 6' month. 1634. Lidea borne in the 9' month 1636. 
he had his house &. all his substans consumed w"" fire to his great impover- 
ishing, himself being fro home. he was a very weak man, yet was he 
out of affection to the psohs of some, led aside into error, scizme, & very 
proud &; contemptuous caryage for w'^^ he was cast out of the church. 
&, he went away w"" m'' wheelwright. But the Ld awakened his heart, so y* 
after years he returned & repented, & was reconciled to the church ; 
and recoiriended to the church of christ at [Exeter] 

Margery. Johnson the wife of John Johnson** 

Ann Wilson the wife of Thomas AVilson. 

Jasper Rawlingsff 

Joane Kawlings the wife of Jasper Eawlings. 

Joshua Hues, he came into the Land a single man ; about the 7' month 
of the yeare. 1633. & joyned to the church aboute halfe a yeare after, his 
wife being the daughter of [Henry] Gouldstone came the next Sumer & 
aboade at Watertowne, where she was adjoyned to the church ; & in the 

• General Recorder at Providence, R. I., 164S-16.50, and one of the Commissioners for 
Portsmoath, 1656. 

t Wife of Simon Huntington. Remarried, probably, Mari^aret Barer, of Norwich, or 
its immediate vicinity, in England. Huntington Family, by R.ev. E. B. Huntington, p. 59. 
She married at'ttrward Thomas StouL'ht(m, of Dorchester, removed to Windsor. 

+ Died Dec. 3'S 16«. Will proved Sept. 12, 164V. Reg. iii. 78; viii. 55. His widow 
married Au<r. 13, 1G45, Michael Metcalf. Ibid. vi. 171. 

6 Died in Roxbury Jan. 27, 1673-4. Roxbury Church Records. 

II Daughter of John Holgrave, of Salem. 

^ Went to Exeter, signed the comlnnation in 1639. He returned to Roxbury, became 
reconciled to the church.^hen settled in Exeter. Will made Jan. 9, 1643-4, bein^', as he ex- 
presses it, in "my right Witts." See Ri;g. ii. 384, with note. His widow Ann mirried 
next year John Lii-gat, who with Edward Hilton and two others were witnesses to the will 
of Thomas Wilson. See Wenticort/i Family Plate facing page 71, vol. i. 

•* Mr. Johnson was a man of distinction. He afrerwards married Grace, widow of Bar- 
nabas Fawer, of Dorchester. He died Sept. 30, 1659. " John Johnson, Surveyor Generall 
of all y« amies, dyed and was buried y* day following." Roxbury Ch. R.ecords. Will, 
Reg. ix.224. 

ft Went to Wethersfield, returned and was of Roxbury and Boston ; married Mary, 
widow of Thomas Griggs. Will proved June 13, 1667. See Reg. xvi. 56. 



244 Rev. John Eliot'' s llecord of Chiwch Members. [July, 

8"* month 1G34 he married her: and she was then recomended to our 
church: his first borue son Joshua Hewes was borne the 19 day of the S"" 
month. 1G39. but dyed the 19 day of the 10"" month 1G39. it dyed of con- 
vulsion fitts: 

Isaak Johnson* 

Ealph Hinningway.t a man servant. 

Sarah Odding. she was daughter in law to John Porter. & came w"" her 
parents <& was after married to Philip Sharman of this church. 

Thomas Hills a man servant, he came in the yeare. 1G33. he lived 
among vs in good esteeme & Godly, oc dyed about the 11' or 12' month. 
1634. and left? a good savor behind him, he was a very faithfull & prudent 
servant, & a good chrLsaau. he dyed in uv Eliots family. 

Thomas Hale a single man. he lived but a short time w^ vs, but he re- 
moved to Hertford on Conecticott, where God blessed him w''*^ a good measure 
of increase of grace, he afterwards returned & maryed Jane. Lord, one of 
o' memb" aboute the \'2'-^ month 1GS9. & the next spring returned to Con- 
ecticot:}: 

Edward Riggs§ 

Walker the wife of John "Walker 
Hues a maid servant. 

John Stow: he arrived at N. E. the 17"" of the 3"^ month ano. 1634. he 
brought his wife & G children: Thomas. Elizabeth. John. Nathaniel. Sam- 
uel. Thatikfull. 

Elizabeth Stow the wife of John Stow, she was a very godly matron, a 
blessing not only to her family, but to all the church, & when she had lead 
a christian convsation a few years among vs, she dyed & left a good savor 
behind her. 

John C'umpton.|! 

Abraham Newelir he came to X. E. in the year 1634. he brought 6 
children Ruth. Grace. Abraham. John. Isaak. Jaakob. 
Freeborne. 

Sarah Burrell the wife of [John] Burrell.'* 

Robert Potterft 

Isabell Potter the wife of Robert Potter. 

Elizabeth Howard a maide servant. 

Richard Pepper 

Mary Pepper the wife of Richard Pepper 

William Perkins++ 

* The well-known captain, killed in the Namuranstt fight in 1675; married Elizabeth 
Porter, Jan. 20, 1636. 

t Married Elizabeth Hewes, July 5, 1C34; his will proved July 11, 1678. She died Feb. 
2, 1684, aged 82. 

X Savage says on hU return he settled in Norwalk, 16-54 ; not long after removed and 
perhaps closed his days at Ciiaricstou-n, Ma-s. Arturding to AVyman (Charlestown Gen. 
and Estate.*, 4.54) he married Mary Na-h 14 (10) 16-59, who was left his widow. 

§ His wife Elizabeth, who ctnic with him, died, and he married April 5, 163-5, Elizabeth 
Roosa, who died Sept. 2, 1G69. 

II Removed to Bu^t'.n. was disarmed 1637. Will of Susannah Compton, " widow of 
the Lon_' -iiiee Depart \ J .•.'.'i Cumpt'.ii," ]. roved 12, 9, l'>;t. Hkg. xiii. 1.53. 

H Buried, says the Ci. .. u R- 'o;- i-. Jr.n- 1-5, l';72, a_-ed IM. His widow, Frances, ac- 
cording: to the Churcli U • .'rd.-, died .i.iri. 13, 1'jo2, " ii-.L-re lOOy. old." Daughter Grace 
mamed Sept. 14, 1641, Wjiiimx Toy, of Button, died April 11, 1712, in the 91st year of her 
age. 

•» Will, Aug. 3, 1654. Reg. vi. 3-53. 

tt Buried Jan. 17, 16.';3. See Rko. xxxiii. 62. Roxbury Church Records. 

Jt Savage says "he wai a miniatcr, but where educated b unheard, son of William, of 
London," &c. 



1881.] Rev. Johi JEliofs Record of Church Memhers. 245 

Robeit Sever* 

[Phebc?] Disborough, the wife of Walter Disborough.f 

Christopher PeakeJ a single man 

Edward Paison§ a mau servant. 

Nicholas Baker.|| 

Joseph "VYelde'T 

Elizabeth Wise, a -u-iddow. 

Thomas Bell.** 

Mr. Tho. Bell and his wife had letters of Dismission granted & sent to 
England au°: 1654. 7"°. 

Willi a. Webb 

Adam ]\rotttt 

Sarah Mott the wife of Ada Mott 

Richard Carder|$ 

m"' Anna Vassaile the wife of Mr. Willia Vassaile.§§ her husband brought 
5 children to this Land, Judith, Francis, John, Margret Mary 

Laurenc Whittamore.l||| 

John Haggles he came to N. E. in the yeare 1635. & soone after his com- 
ing joyned to the church, he was a lively christian, knowne to many of the 
church, in old England, where many of the church injoyed society together: 
he brought his first borne John Ruggles w"' him to N. E. & his second son 
was stillborne, in the ll"* month 1636. of w'^'' his wife dyed. 

Barbara Ruggles the wife of John Ruggles. she was a Godly christian 
woman, & joyned to the church w'^ her husband, the pow' of the grace of 
Christ did much shine in her life & death, she was much afflicted w'^ the 
stone chollik, in w'^'^sickuesse she manifested much patieus, & faith ; she dyed 
in childbed, the 11'^ mouth, 1636. & left a godly savor behind her. 

Isaak Heath^Tl 

John Astwood.*** 

Philip Eliot he dyed about the 22"^ of the 8' month: 57. he was a man 
of peace, & very faithfull. he was many years in the office of a Deakon w*^'' 
he discharged faithfully, in his latter years he was very lively, usefull & 
active for God, & his cause, the Lord gave him so much acceptance in the 
hearts of the peo[>le y' he dyed under many of the offices of trust y' are usu- 
ally put upon men of his rank, for besids his office of a Deakon, he was a 
Deputy to the Gen: Court, he was a comissioner for the govnm' of the 

♦ Register, xxvi. 303-3-23. Seaver Famih,, puhlished 1872. 

t Report of the Record Commissioners, 1881, containing the Roxhury Land and Church 
Records. 

I Married Dorcas French, Jan. 3, 163" ; he died May 22, 1666. Will, Reg. xv. 126. 

{ Married Ann Parke, Aim. 20, 164('; 2d Marv Eliot, Jan, 1, 1642; removed to Dor- 
chester. Edward, H. C. 1677, hi^ son liv wife Marv. 

II Hingham, 163.5; fourth minister in Scituate, 16"J0, died Aug. 26, 1678, aged 68. See 
Am. Quar. Reg. viii. 143. 

U Brother of Rev. Tliomns; wife Elizabeth, 2d Barbara Clap. Will, Reo. vii. 33. His 
widow rnaiTicd Anthony Moddard. 

•• Gave estate to the Gr.immar School. See inventory, proved July 4, 1655, by Ann Bell, 
his willow. Rio. xv. 40. 

tt Went to Hingham. Savage says he was from Cambridge, England; wis in Ports- 
month. R. I., as early as 16.i8. 

tt Disfranchised ; one of the grantees with Robert Potter and others, of the town of 
Warwick, R. 1. 

^5 One of the Assistants of the Governor and Company, Mass. B.iy. 

Illl Wiff Elizabeth. Sav.ige s.iysuf Saiist".-\d Abbey, co". Herts; gave est.ite to free school. 
Roxbury Church Records, day 18. mo. 9, 1641, buried "Laurence Whittaraore, an an- 
cient christian of SO years of age." Hi- wife dieiJ mo. 12, day 13,1642. 

Uni Ruling Elder. Wife Elizabeth ; he died Jan. 21, 1660. Will, Reo. x, 261. 

••• Representative and Assistant of the Colony; died in London. 



246 Bev. John ElioCs Record of Church Members. [July, 

Towne, he was one of the 5 men to order the prudential affaii-s of the 
towne ; and he was chosen to be Feofee of the publike Schoole iu Rox- 
bury. 

Elizabeth Bowis 

Martha Astwood the wife of John Astwood. 

Jasper Gun.* 

Thomas Bircharde 

John Cheny he came into the Land in the yeare 1635. he brought 4 
children, Mary, Martha, John. Daniel. Sarah his 5' child was borne in the 
last month of the same yeare 1635, cald February, he removed from o' 
church to Newbery the end of the next sQer. 1636. 

Martha Cheny the wife of John Cheny: 

Mary Norrice a maide. She came into the Land, she was daughter to 
M' Edward Norrice, f who came into the land. and was called & or- 

dained to be Teacher to the church at Sale" where he served the Lord 
Christ. 

Henry Bull a man servant he came to the Land [1635] he lived honest- 
ly for a good season, but on thsS suddaine (being weake and affectionate) 
he was taken & transported w'^ the opinions of fomilisme, & running in 
that scizme he fell into many, & grosse sins of lying &c (as may be seeue in 
the story), for w*^^ he was excoiiiuuicate, after w*^*" he removed to the Iland.J 

Mr. Thomas Jenner.§ 

Bell the wife of Thomas Bell. 

James How|| 

[Elizabeth] How the wife of Jams How. 

[Mary] Birchard, the wife of Tliomas Birchard. 

John Graves^ he arrived in the 3'^ month. 1633. he brought 5 children 
John. Samuel. Jonathan. Sarah. Mary, his wife quickly dyed, &, he maryed 
Judith,** a maid servantt, by whom his first child Haiiah was borne about 
the end of the 7"* month. 1636. 

M' John Gore.tt 

Mary Swaine a maide servant, her father lived at watertowne, & did re- 
move w"" them to Conecticott ; wheth' we recoiinendcd her & she after did 
marrie to one at Newhaven, & she was dismissed to y' church: 

Jane Lorde a maide servant, she came over in the yeare she lived a 

Godly life among vs; & in the year 1640 she was married to Thomas 

* Removed to Hartford, sometime a physician, afterward at Mi'.ford. Savage. 

t March 18, 1640, he was ordained at Salem as colleague with Hiiirh Peters. In 1636 he 
published in London a treatise in which he combats tiie errors of " Traskisme," so called. 
as held by Rev. John Traske, who in a reply the same year vindicates " The Trve Gospel " 
'• from the Reproach of a New Gospel." From this book we learn that Mr. Xorris's con- 
gregation embarked for New England previous to the date of publication (103'i), and that 
he intended to accompanj' tliem, but did not do so. He followed them; but this was not 
till after 1638, as he puljjished a book at London that year, being a rejoinder to Rev. Mr. 
Traske. 

I Governor of the Colony 1685 and 9; died Jan. 9, 1693-4; wife Elizabeth. 

$ Minister awhile iu Weymouth and in Saco. Letter of Eliot, 3 Mass. Hist. Coll. iv. 144. 
Winthrop, i. 2.50. 

II Wife Elizabeth, only daughter of John Dane, Ipswich. Reg. viii. 148. " ]May 19"^ 
[1702] Mr. James How, a good Man of Ipswich, 10 1- years old, is buried." Sewall's Diary, 
Mass. Hist. Coll. oth series, vi. 56. Mr. How's age, however, was only about 97, as in a 
deposition in 1666, he gave bib aire as being tlien 61. 

H Will, Nov. 1, 1644. Rko. iii'. 265. 

•♦ " Judiih Allward, in December, 1635," so the Town Records read. This name may have 
been Ballard, and Judith po-sibly a sister to Elizabeth, who married Robert Seaver, see p. 
242 of this article, and Reoisteh, xxvi. 304. 

tt Wife Rhoda, Will, Reg. viii. 282 ; xxxi. 104. 



1881.] llev. John ElioVs Record oj Church Members. 247 

Hale, one of this church, who removed to Hartford on Couecticott, where 
they lived well approved of the saints. 

Giles. Paison, a single man. he married o' sister Elizabeth Dowell. 

Edward Porter he came in the yeare. 1G3G. he brought two children w"" 
him: John about o years ould & WilHa aboute a year ould: his 3*^ child 
Elizabeth was borne in o'' church in the 10'^ month of the yeare 1637 his 
4^ child Hafi.ih was liorne in the O"* month, of 6 year 1639. 

Elizabeth Eliot the wife of Phillip Eliot. 

[Frances] Newell the wife of Abraham Newell 

Elizabeth Dowell a maide servant, she was marled to o* bro. Giles 
Paison 

Phillis Pepper a maide servant. 

Robert Williams* 

Judith TTeld the second wife of m' Thomas "Weld 

Samuel Ilaifliournet 

Elizabeth Williams the wife of Robert Williams 

Ivatteren Hagbourne, the wife of Saiiiuel Hagbourne. 

Abraham How. 

Plow, the wife of Abraham How. 

Arthur Geary.J 

Geary the wife of Arthur Geary 

Thomas Ruggles§ he came to N. E. in the yeare 1637. he was eld'' 
broth' to John Ilugglos ; children of a Godly fath'' ; he joyned to the 
Church soone after his coming being as well knowne as his broth"" his first 
born soiie. dyed in England his second son John was brought over a servant 
by Phillip P^liot : & he brought two oth"" children w"* him: Sarah. & Saiii- 
uell : he had a great sickncsse the yeare after his coming, but the Lord 
recoverd him in mercy. 

IMary the wife of Thomas Ruggles. she joyned to the Church w"' her 
husband &, approved her selfe a Godly christian, by a holy. ^S: blamelesse 
conv'ation being conv'ted, not long before theire coming from England. 

Edward Briilges. 

[P^lizabethJ Johnson the wife of Isaak Johnson. 

Christian Spisor a maide servant. 

M"' Rhoda Gore the Wife of INP John Gore 

Rachel write a maide servant, she was married to o' broth'' John Lea- 
vins|| 

Johana Bovse a maide 

Thomas Mihilll 

Mihill the wife of mihill 

JMathew Boyse** 

Boyse the wife of Boyse. 

[To be continued.] 

• From Nonvich, co. Norfolk, England, it is said, with wife Elizabeth, and married after 
ward> Margaret, widoiv of John Fcaririir, of Hiiigham. 

t Wili, ItKG. ii. 'I'W ; liLs widuw, according to Savaire, married April 14, 1644, Gov. Tho- 
mas Dud If v, aftcruanl, in 1CG3, Kov. Jolm Allin, of Dedham. 

J Will, Ri:q. XV. 248. Proved Jan. 3U, ICGG. 

I Will, 11i:g. iij. 2G-3; widow, iiiarried Mr. Koote. 

(1 John Levins and Kachol Wrigiit were married July 5, \Q?>^.—Roxhury Records. 

II He was the father of the llev. Tlioinas Migiull, H.'C. 1663, mini.-tcr of Scituate, Mass. 
** He was afterwards of Rowley, but as early as 16o7 returned to England. He was 

the father of the Rev. Joseph Boy^e, of Dublin, an author of some repute, who was Iiorn 
in Leeds, England, Jan. 14, lGo'J-€0, and died in Dublin, Ireland, Nov. 1728.— See Regis- 
ter, xii. G.5-7. 



248 Letters Patent of Denization. [July, 



LETTERS PATENT OF DENIZATION, 

Recorded Lib. 14, Fol. 212, ix the Suffolk Registry of Deeds 
Boston.* 

Commnnicated by John T. Has3am, A.M., of Boston. 

JACOBUS Secundiis Dei Gratia Ang-'^. Scotias franciie et Hyberniaj 
Rex fidei Defensor xc*. Omnibus ad qvos Presentcs Litera;NostriB Per- 
venerint Salutem Sciatis qvod nos pro Diversis Bonis causis et consideration- 
iV. nos ad Presentes specialiter moventibus de gratia Nostra Speciali et ex 
certa Scientia et 3Iero Motu Nostris concessinaus ac per Presentcs pro nobis 
Hceredibus et Successoribus nostris concedimus Dilectis Nobis Petro Alii 
Clerico Margaretaj Uxori ejus Johanni Petro et Jacobo Liberis Suis Phy- 
lippo Arbunnot Jobanni Arbandy Jacobo Asselme Clerico Jonte Arnaud 
Susanna? Uxori ejus Eleazaro Abrahamo Jonaj et Jana? Liberis Suis Jacobo 
Anry Ludovico Allaire 3Iaria3 Aubertin ^laria? Annce Aubertin Isaaco 
Abrahamo Petro Assaily Carolo Ardessoif Janae Uxori ejus Petro Johan- 
ni et Janai Liberis Suis Johanni BarberiaB Petro et Johanni Petro Liberis 
ejus Jacobo Bailergean Paulo Boyd Oseac Belin Oseaj tilio ejus Jacobo 
■Breon Anna? Bureau Elizabethie et ISfariie Annas Liberis ejus Thomas 
Bureau Anna? Uxori ejus Gabrieli et Petro Boulangier Georgio Boyd 
Aaman Bonura Petro Billon Nicolao Bournett Jacobo Augusto Blondel 
Mariae Bibal Samueli Bonsac francisco Brincuman Johanni Bernard Petro 
Bernardan Johanni Bruginner Jacobo Bruginner Isaaco Bonmett Samueli- 
Jacobo et Benigno Liberis ejus ffriderico Blancart Henrico Bustin IMat- 
thaeo Bustin Josepho Bailhon Esterte Bernon Gabrieli Maria? Elstera; et 

* In the Register for April, I87S (xxxii. 181), the writer be?f\n what was intended to 
be a series ot abstracts of early SiilTnlk deeds. The etfurt which was sliortly afterward 
made to induce the County Commissioners to print in full the earlier records, tlie tir.-t result 
of which is the recently printed " Suff(.jlk Deeds, LiVi. I.," rendered tlie-e abstracts un- 
necessary, and their puhlifati(jn was discontinued. These " Letters Patent of Denization," 
howivtr, recorded Lil>. 14, fol. 212. affect so many families and are so interesting to the 
genealogist, that it has been tlicu^'lit he>t to print them here entire. 

It was not until this article was all in type that the writer had, for the first time, an op- 
portunity of consulting Agnew's French Protestant Exiles, London, 1871 (I. 4G). The 
author of that tiook introduces li--ts of these and other Hutruenot refugees as follows: 
••Numerous lists of the reigns of Charles II., James II.. William and Mary, and William 
III., I now present to my readers, copied by myself from the Patent Rolls. As to the 
learned reader's opinion of my accumcy as a copyist, I rely on such a reader's indulgent 
consideration of the difficulty of spelling out the names. The letters i, m. n. and u, sepa- 
rately and comliined, and also the letters c ami t, may have been sometimes blundered, the 
old style of penmanship not suthciently distinguishing them. The documents are in Lain, 
the Christian names have usually the termination of the dative case: Jacobo seems to 
stand for Jacob and James, so that the translation of it is usually conjectural." He adds 
In a fijot-note, "The Camden Socitty U-Vs are printed from copies belonging to the late 
Mr. Peter Levesquc. I have thought it would be a good service to take copies afresh from 
the Patent Rolls. With regard to the lists belonging to the reigns of Charles II. and 
James II., I have had the advantaire of the Camden Society volume for comparison and 
correction. Where I differ from the learned editor as to the spelling of names, I am of 
opinion that my spelling is correct, not necessarily as to orthography, but as a literal copy 
of what the government scribe wrote." 

The writer of this article has jireserved with equal care the exact spelling of these 
names as they a[ipear in the .Sutfoik records, and the discreiiancies — lai-ge in number f ven 
when we con^idi.i the unsettled orthography of the time in which tliey wtre written — which 
the reader will discover in the printed lists, are due to dilferences in the M.S. records tiom 
which they were taken. Cf. the Camden Society volume entitled " Lists of Foreign Pro- 
testants and Aliens res'dent in England, 1618-1688," edited by William Durraut Cooper, 
F.S.A., London, 1862, p. 48. 



1881.] Letters Patent of Denization. 249 

Jacobo Liberis ejus Jacobo Barbot Petro Bourdett Jolianni Boiinlett Ste- 
phano Barachiu Lu'lovico Baracliin Isaaco Beauiifu Samueli Brufteau Jo- 
hamii Beaufils Davidi Beausanqvet Theo[>hilo Bellonger Eliza-o Badnett 
Geor^io Basiinent Clerico ^Nlaria? Uxori ejus Petro Boytoult Cathariua' Ux- 
or! ejus Catharini\3 et ]\Iagdaleuie liberis ejus Abrahamo Binett MaL:daltniB 
Uxori ejus Juditha? filiir ejus Jolianni Petro Boy [ ] Jobanui Boyde- 

cbesue Abrabaino Cbristiern 3[ari;e Uxori ejus Martbaj et Magdalenic Lilie- 
rls Suis Petro Cbristiern Bernardo Condert Bernardo Benjamino et Jame Li- 
beris ejus Davidi Charles Isaaco Converse Annaj Uxori ejus Jobanni Colom 
Anna? Uxori ejus Antonio Jobanni ^klartlue" et ]Mari;e Liberis Suis Jacobo 
Collivaux Jana? Uxori ejus Cbarlottte tillie Suie Aruaud Cazanbietb Janre 
Uxori ejus Danieli Cbevalier Susanna? Uxori ejus Danieli et Jacobo Liberis 
suis Jobanni Baptistie Cbovard Petro Chasqveau Samueli Cooke Tliomaj 
Cbauvin Cliarlott;e Uxori ejus Tbonne francisco tt Catbarinie Liberis Suis Jo- 
banni Coutris Jacol)o Crocbou Petro Sane et IIestera3 Cbefd'bocell Petro 
Caron Petro Cbaftlon Paulo Charron Ann;e Uxori ejus Marqvis Carmelo 
Georgio Cbabott Paulo de Brissac Samueli de la Coulere Marine Uxori ejus 
Juditfue et ^Margaritx- filiabus suis .]aivx de Carjennes Petro et Jan;-e Liberis 
ejus Danieli en. Condray Magdalenaj Uxori ejus Danieli filio Suo Paulo de 
Pont Gabrieli de Poiit Jobaimi de Diora? Abrahamo et Danieli de Doav"'a} 
Isaaco de Dognel Racbeli Uxori ejus Carolo et Isaaco liberis ejus Josiai Du- 
vall Petro Davau francisco Desa; Mariie Uxori ejus Raymundo et Petro Libe- 
ris suis Jobanni 3Iendez da Casta Jobanui de la Hay Jobanni Thomas Carolo 
Mosi Adriano et Petro liberi- ejus Jobanni Doublet Martha? Uxori ejus Davidi 
Jacobo et Maria? Liberis Suis P(-tro Daude Isaaco Delamer Jobanni De- 
conning Catbarinaj et Martha; filiabus suis Isaaco et Maria? de 3Iouutmayor 
Jobanni de la Place Lovise Uxori ejus Jobanni de Beaulieu Jacobo de 
Bors et Maria? Uxori ejus Jacobo Gideon de Siqve Ville Clerico Henrico 
le gay de Bussy Pbyli[ipo de la Loe Clerico Abrahamo Bueno . Henriqvez 
Abrahamo Duplex Susann;^? Uxori ejus Jacobo Gideoni Georgio et Susan- 
na? liljeris Suis Petro Grede francisco fraiicia Maria? de la fuge Catharinaa 
Elizal)etha? Magdalena' Mariic Margarita? et Anna? liberis ejus Mosi de 
Pommara ^lagdalena? Uxori ejus Mosi et Susanme Liberis suis Jobanui 
Dreilliet Jobanni de Cazaliz Petro Dumas Abrahamo Dugard et I^liza- 
betha? Uxori ejus Gerhardo de Wyck Samueli del Maige Solomoni Eyme 
Dyoni-io tfelles Jolianni tfenmull Andrt-a' tianema Aruaud ffrances Annae 
Uxori ejus et Arnaud tilio suo Bene ffleury Petro lYountaine Clerico Su- 
sanna? Uxori ejus Jacobo Lmlovico Benigno Anna? Susannte et Estera? 
liberis suis Jobanni ff'argeon Isaaco ffarcy Petro flleurissoa Jobanni ffallett 
Andrea? et Jobanni fftaigneau Danieli tileureau ffrancisco Guerin Magdal- 
ena? Uxori ejus ffrancisco et Anna? Liberis Suis Xicolao Guerin Ludovico 
Galley Paulo Granstell Clerico Samueli Georges Eleazaro Grunard Hen- 
rico Guicbenet Ludovico Gallaud Kacbeli Uxori ejus Jose[)ho Guicheret 
Claudio Groteste Clerico Jacobo Garou Isaaco Gariner Gulielmo Guillon 
Danieli Gorsin Jobanni Gurzelier Andrea? Gurzelier Petro Goisard Jacobo 
Martell Gonlard Gulielmo Gony Jobanni Gravelot Catbarina? Uxori ejus 
jNIatbeo Gelien Isaaco Ilamoii Jobanni Ilarache Jobanni Ilobert Eliza- 
betbx- Uxori ejus Jobanui Samueli Eiizabetba? et Maria? Liberis Suis Ma- 
riie et Susanna; Ilardovin ]Mo>i Ilc-rvien Estera? Uxori ejus Jobanni aV 
Martha? Liberis Suis Antonio Ilulin Antonio Julieu Jaua? Uxori ejus 
Aiinoe Susannie Marine et Estera; filiabus suis Henrico Jourdin Ludovico 
Igon Estera? Uxori ej'. Estera? et Maria? liberis suis Cbarlott Justell An- 
drea? Jansen Antonio Juliot Antonio et Abrahamo liberis ejus Jacobo Jous- 
VOL. XXXV. 22 



250 Letters Patent of Denization. [April, 

sett 3Iariiv Joly Johanui Laura^ Antonio Chevreux Simoni Petro et Marian 
Laurent Jacobo le bond Jacobo Lovis Abrabamo tilio ejus Esaye le Bour- 
geois Henrico le Conte Jobanui et Roberto le Plaistrier Helenai le frank 
de marieres Jobanui lombard Clerieo fraucisciv Uxori ejus Danieli ct Pby- 
lippo liberis suis Danieli le febvre Adriano Lernoult Petro le Sas Jobanni le 
Plaistrier Cbarlottiv Uxori ejus Abrabamo et Janai Liberis Suis francisco 
le Cam Clerico Gabrieli le Fiyteux Benjamino L Hoiiime dieu Samueli le 
Goudu Anna3 Uxori ejus Ma^rdaleua? tilia? Suit francisco le Sombre Micbaeli 
le Goudu Annai Uxori ejus Tbom;v Mattb-a^o et Jobanui Liberis suis Jacco- 
bo Barub Conrada Jobanui Longlacbe Marice Uxori ejus Mari;^; et Martbaj 
tiliabus Suis Jobanui Petro la Serie tferdinaudo 3Iendez Samueli Metayer 
Clerico Pbylippo Tdartiueo Susanna? Metayer Samueli Ludovico IMaiiaj 
Anna- et Racbeli Liberis ejus Jobanui 3Larin Clerico Elizabetba Uxori ejus 
Martbte et Susanna^ Liberis suis Petro Moreau franciscai Uxori ejus Samu- 
eli Elizabetbai Maria? Anno? ef Marite Liberis suis Carolo Moreau 
Marife Annaj Uxori ejus Danieli et Henrietta^ Liberis suis Joua? ]Mar- 
cbais Juditba? Uxori ejus et Isaaco filio Suo Ambrosio et Isaaco Miuett 
Nicolao Montelz Mag'laleni? Uxori Petro Marion Solomoni 3Ionnereau 
Juditba et francisco Morett Petro Montelz 3Iiebaeli Marcy Micbaeli 
Jobauni Petro et Isabellre liberis suis Stepbano ^Mipinau Isaaco Martin Pe- 
tro et Maria Moreau tiVancisco 3Lignall Danieli ^lussard Petro Montbal- 
lier de la Salle Danieli ^logrin 3Iargareta Uxori ejus Roberto Myre Jaco- 
bo Manpetit Susanna Uxori ej'. Mari;i3 Mannett Petro Mercier Susannte 
Uxori ejus Petro Jacobo Susanna et Anna* liberis suis lovise Marcb et 
Jobanui filio ejus Abrabamo Barub Henriqvez Jobanni Nolleau Eleazaro 
Nezerau Juditba Uxori ejus Estera Juditba- et Helena tiliabus suis Joban- 
ni Pages Solomoui Pa:jes Clerico Samueli Payen Petro Phelippaux Jo- 
banni Papin tlrancisco Papin Aroni Pereira Petro Pain 3Iargareta- Uxori 
ejus Davidi Papin Anna Uxori ejus Davidi et Susanna Liberis Suis Jacobo 
Pelisson Adriano Perreau Simoni Pausin Jobanni Pron Petro Pratt Abra- 
bamo Page Gulielmo Portaile Margareta Uxori ejus Gulielmo tfrancisco 
Hectori Maria et Gabrieli Liberis Suis Jacobo Pinneau Jacobo Paisable 
Danieli Paillett Mosi Palot ^lartlia Uxori ejus Stepliano Peloqvin Al- 
pbonso Rodriguez Jobanni La Rocbe Jobanni et Petro Reme Jacobo 
Roussell Petro Esprit Radisson Stepbano Rivonleau Petro Roy Susannie 
Uxori ejus Eleazaro Jobanni Danieli et Susanna liberis suis Gabrieli Ra- 
moudou Paulo Ra[)illard Adamo Rounne Anna- Uxori ejus Adamo Jacobo 
et Petro liberis suis Ludovico Rame Raymundo Rey Abrabamo Renaud 
Antonio Rousseau Elizabetba francisco et Oi,upbri-cS lUieris ejus francisco 
Robert Samueli Sasportas Petro Sanseau Petro Sigum Petro tilio ejus Ca- 
rolo Senegal Stepbano Sevrin Matthseo Simon Racbeli Uxori ejus Mat- 
tbaio iilio suo Alexand'o Siegler francisco Sanzeau francisca Uxori ejus 
Abrabamo Danieli Petro et Jacobo Liberis suis Jobanni Saulnier Mattbaao 
Savary Stepbano Savary Luca et ilattbteo liberis ejus Josua Sonlart 
Elizabetba Uxori ejus Paulo S'^nal ^larite Touscbard Davidi Tbibault 3Iar- 
garet-a Ternac francisco et Anna Liberis ejus Jobanni Tbierry Petro Tbau- 
vill Abrabamo Tourtelot Jacobo Mosi et Jobanni Liberis ejus Jobanui 
Thomas Aroni Testas Clerico Petro Tousant Petro Vailable francisco Urig- 
ueau et Janie L'xori ejus Marco Vernons Clerico Antonio Vartiilles Jobanni 
vuii Leuteruu Gabrieli Verignii francisco Van Rignaud Davidi Villianne 
Maria? Yvonett Jobanni Sansom et Maria liberis ejus Maria? Lerpunere 
Jacobo ^longin Xicolao Hende ffrancisco de B(?aulieu Stisanna de Beau- 
lieu Henrico et Henrietta- liberis ejus in Partibus Transmariuis uatis q^ 



1881.] Letters Patent of Denization. 251 

ipsi Sint et Eriut et eonim qvi>libet sit et erit ludigena et Ligeus Xostrus 
et Ilan-edum et Succesjoriim Xostrorum Reguni Angli;« ac qvoc| Han-edos 
Sui et eorum Cujuslibet Respective sint et erint Ligei Xostri Han-edum et 
Successor) ^Vjsti-orum ac qvod tani ipsi qvam Hieredes sui iu Omnibus Tra- 
jectinis Reputeutur habeantur ac auberneutur tanqvam tideles Ligei Nostn 
infra Predictum Reguum Nostrum Anglic Oriundi et qvod ipsi et eorum 
qvislibet Respective'et Han-edes Sui omnes ac omnimod) ac Actiones Sectas 
et Qva-relas cujuscunqve sint Generis naturae sive Speciei in_ qvibuscuiiqve 
locis curiis ac jurisdictionibus Nostris iu Regno Nostro Anglian ac alibi in- 
fra Dominia Nostra habere Exercere Eisqve Uti et Gaudere et in iisdem 
Placitare et Implacitari Respondere et Responderi Defendere ac defeudi 
Possint et Yaleant Possit et Valeat in Omnibus ac per Omnia sicut aliqvis 
Ligeus Nostrus aut Aliqvi fideles Subditi Nostri iu dicto Regno Nostro 
Audia^ Nati sive Oriundi et Insuper qvod Separales Persona? Pranlieta? et 
eorum qvislil)et et Ha^redes sui Respective Terras Tenemeuta Redditus Re- 
versiones et Servitia et Alia Hiereditameuta Qvtecunqve infra Dictum Reg- 
num Nostrum Anglire et Alia Dominia perqvisere Recipere capere habere 
Tenere Emere et Possidere ac eis Uti et Gaudere sibi et Ha?redibus Suis 
Respective in Perpetuum vel alio qvocunqve modo eaqve Dare Yendere 
Alienare et Legare cuicunqve Personse sive Qvibuscunqve Personis sibi 
Placuerint vel Plaeuerit ad Libitum Suum Valeant et Possint Valeat et Pos- 
sit licite et impune ac adeo libere Qviete integre ac Pacitice Sicut aliqvi lide- 
les Ligei Nostri infra Regnum Nostrum Anglire Oriundi ac qvod ipsi et 
Hceredes Sui Respective libere et licite Clamare Retinere et Gaudere Possint 
et Valeant Maneria Terras Tenemeuta Redditus et Hffiredimeuta Qvrecun- 
qve sibimet ip^is vel eorum qvolibet per nos aut per aliqvas Personas qs-as- 
cunq aut per aliqvam Personam qvamcunqve antehac Datas concessas sive 
assignatas aut in posterum daudas coucedendas sive assignandas adeo libere 
qviele integre et pacifice sicut aliqvis fidelis Liegeus Noster infra Dictum 
Kegnum Nostrum anglia3 Oriundus ac qvod Personte Priedictee ac qvod 
Hteredes sui Respective Omnes et omnimodas Libertates franchisas et 
Privilcda Regni Nostri Augliie e' alior) Dominiorum Nostrorum libere 
qviete et Pacitice habere et Possidere eisqve Uti et Gaudere Possint et 
Valeant tanqvam fideles ligei Nostri infra Dictum Nostrum Regnum Ang^, 
Nati absqve Perturljatione ^lolestatione inipedimento Vexatione Clameo 
sive Gravamine qvocunqve Nostri Ilferedum aut Successorum Nostrorum 
aut Ministrorum aut Oificiariorum Nostrorum aut Aliorum qvorumcunqye 
aliqvo Statute Actu Ordinatione sive Provisione Regni Nostri Prtedicti in 
Coutrarium inde antehac facto Edito Ordinato Sive Proviso aut aliqva 
Alia Re Causa vel Materia qvacunqve in Contrarium non Obstante Atta- 
men Volumus ac per Presentes Personis Praedictis et eorum qvolibet Re- 
spective Praecipimus qvod ipsi et Hasredes Sui Respective Homagium et 
Liegeantiam nobis Hctredibus et Successoribus Nostris faciant et Lott et 
Scon prout alii Li^ei No-tri far-iunt et Contriltuunt Solvant et Contribiumt 
ut i-^t du-tuni e- 4- M.i ;:-i -ri IIft:n-lf.s Sui Re-pi-ctiv.- S' .Ivaiit S._.lmii.-du 
nobi^ Ilieredilr t-: >\\^:':<:-~'A\->w~ i.i;.^tris Cu-tumum et r^ub.-i'iluui p'o P^ rbus 
et Marchandizis Suis prout Indigena3 Solvant et Solvere Debent et qvod 
ipsi et Ilffiredes Sui Respective Omnes et Singulas Ordiuationes Acta 
Statuta et Proclamationes Rf-gni Nostri Anglian tarn P^dita qvam iu Poste- 
rum Edenda Teneant et iisdem Obedientes Sint et Erint juxta formam Le- 
gum et Statutorum in ea parte a]i(jvo Statuto actu Ordinatione sive Pro- 
visione in Coutrarium inde uon Obstante et non Obstante Statuto in Par- 
lianiento DomiuLi; ElizabetLa:; nuper RegiuaB Ang^. Anno Regni Sui Qviu- 



252 John and SarnwJ Browne, S.dem, 1629. [July, 

to Tento Kdito ct Proviso Proviso semper ec Volumus qvod Separales 
Persona Prcilict- et fainilite SiiK qvas uuuc habeut vel in posterum habe- 
ant Respective Coutimuibuut et Kesidentes Erint infra Regnum Xostrum 
Aiig:i\ aut alibi infra Do:ninia Nostra In Cnjus Rei Testimonium has Lite- 
ras Nostras fecimus tieri Patentes Teste Meipso apud Westmouasterium 
Qviuto Die Jauuarii Auuo Regiii Xostri Tertio 

per Breve de Private Sigillo 
Broad Seal of Eng'^ Appendant Dnplicat) 

The foregoing Patent was Recorded this 20'''. of. July. 1G8S at the De- 
sire of M'' Gabriel Beruou one of the Partys tlierein mentioned 

by Me Tho Dudley Cler. 



JOHX AND SA^IUEL BROAVXE'S APPLICATIOX TO 
THE MASSACHUSETTS CO:sn^AXY, 1629. 

Communic-arel br William B. Trask, Esq., of Boston. 

STUDEXTS of early American history are generally conversant, 
we presume, with the story of the two brothers, John and Sam- 
uel Browne, "the lawyer and the merchant,*' the former being an 
Assistant, who were juined with other members to be a Coimcil ot 
the ^Massachusetts plantation or colony, of whom Endicot was con- 
firmed as Governor. Soon after their arrival here, if not previous- 
ly, differences of an ecclesiastical nature arose. The Brownes and 
others set up Episcopacy, maintaining views at variance with the 
two ministers, Skelton and Higginson, who did not '' use the book 
of common prayer," and were non-cont"ormists. ''Their speeches 
and practises tending to mutiny and faction," as it was alleged, 
" the governor told them, that X^ew England was no place for such 
as they ; and therefore he sent them both back for England, at the 
return of the ships the same year." 

Tiie article here printed settles the question, nearly, as to the 
time of arrival in England, and gives the name of the vessel in 
which they sailed. 

Mr. Felt (Hist. Salem, i. Gij) has fac-similes of the autographs 
of the two Brownes, "taken from the Colony Records. The ter- 
mination of the surnames is worn away," he says, " Init the defi- 
ciency is supplied by the like which precedes, except the final e." 
The document which we print has perfect autographs, and fac-simi- 
les of these are here given. 

For furtlier information in regard to the Brownes, see the follow- 
ing works : S'iffulk Deeds, Lib. i., pages xiii., xxii., xxiii. ; 
1 ouiig's Chronicles of Mfis-^achusetts ; Transactions and. Collec- 
(■I'nu of the Americaji xiutiquarian Society, xii.; Morton's jl/e- 
riiorial, 117. 



1881.] William Good and Salem Witchcraft. 253 

"Whereas we John Browne & Samuell Browne haue certayne Chestes & 
truncks & other goods in the shippe called the Talbott, if we shall hane 
libertye to take them out of the sayd shippe, we doe hereby promise, that 
if the" Comittee (w'^'^ was appoyuted betweene the Company of Massachu- 
setts baye in Newe England & vs the last Court) shall order vs to paye for 
the f raight of the sayd goodes, then we will paye the sayd fraight vuto the 
Trer^ of the said Company at what tyme y' shalbe appoynted, And like- 
wise if they shall order that we shall paye any thing for o' passage home- 
wards bounde, we will paye the same in like manner what shalbe awarded, 
in witnes whereof we haue herevnto subscribed o' haudes this 28'^'' daye of 
September 1629 






[Endorsed:] A note of m' Samuell & John Brownes to pay freight for 
back bownd if it bee agreed so by the CoiTiittee 



INJUKY TO WILLIAM GOOD BY THE WITCHCRAFT 
DELUSION. 

Coimnnnicated by Peter Thachee, A.M., of Boston. 

ALL of the following petition except the last line is in the band 
writing of William Good. For Upham'e opinion of Good, 
see his " Salem Witchcraft," volume ii. page 481. 

To the Honourable Committee 

The humble representation of Will™ Good of the Damage sustained by 
him in the year 1G92, by reason of the sulferings of his family upon the 
account of supposed Witchcraft. 

1. My wife Sarah Good was In prison about four months & then Exe- 
cuted. 

2. a sucking child dyed in prison before the Mothers Execution. 

3. a child of 4 or 5 years old was in prison 7 or 8 months and being 
chain'd in the dungeon was so hardly used and terrifyed that she hath ever 
since been very chargeable having little or no reason to gouern herself — 
And I leave it unto the Honourable Court to Judge what damage I have 
sustained by such a destruction of my poor family — And so rest 

Your Honours humble servant 
Salem Sept. 13: 1710 William Good. 

30'" proposed for to be allowed 
VOL. XXXY. 22* 



254 The Fajnilij of Diunmcr. [July, 



THE FxVMILY OF DUM.AIER. 
V>r Col. Joseph Lemuel Chester, LL.D., of London. 



Commnnicated by Prof. Edward E. Salisbury, LL.D., of New Haven, Conn. 

spills monograpli is from a volume of "Family jNlemorials " in 
X preparation by Prof. Salisbury, and intended to be privately 
printed. 

The existeuce of the family of Dummer (in the early periods spelt va- 
riously Dumer, Duraere, Dummer, Dummere, Dumar. Domer, Dommer, 
etc.) is directly traced, tlirough the public records, to as early a date as 
the beginning of the 12th century. Ralph de Dummera (supposed to be 
a son of Henry de Domera, living 7 & 28 Hen. I., 1107-1128), living 
in 1148 and dead before 1205, married Agnes de la Penne, heiress of 
Peune, in the county of Somerset, which place was afterwards known as 
Penne-Doraer, and still exists as Pendomer. situated about four miles from 
Yeovil in that county. She was living as late as 1205, but died before 
1212. They had three sons, of whom Geotfry, the youngest, became a 
priest, and was parson of Dummer in Ilampsiiire. Kobert de Dummer, 
the second son, married and left issue, but his line terminated in an heir- 
ess about the middle of the 14th century. Henry de Dummer, the eldest 
son and heir, also married and had issue two daughters, and an only son, 
Sir William de Dummer. living 1213-1243, who married Sibilla, sister of 
Hubert de Caune, lord of the manor of Drayton, co. Hants. Their son 
Sir John de Dummer, living 12G8-1320, has an etfigy still existing in Pen- 
domer church, a magniticent example of its kind, cross-legged, and in a 
complete suit of ring-mail. He married the sister of Sir William Paynel, 
Baron Paynel, and had three sons, of whom Richard left no issue, and the 
line of John terminated in coheiresses early in the 15th century. Thomas 
de Dommer. the eldest son. succeeded to the family estate in Dummer, in 
Hampshire (that of Pendomer going to his younger brother John, whose 
grandson and last heir male sold it in 1408). He died in 131 G, his wife 
Joan surviving. They had two sons, John who died without issue, and 
Thomas de Dummer who was a minor in 1318, and was still living in 1349. 
He left an only daughter and heir, Ellen, who married, first, Sir ^Nicholas 
Atte More, and secondly, William Farley, who was living in 1395. By her 
first husband she had one son, Thomas At More, alias Dummer, who left 
one son, Henry Dummer, living in 1428, whose son Robert Dummer was 
lord of the manor and patron of the church of Dummer, co. Hants, in 1450 
and 14C2. He left two sons, of whom George died before 1510, leaving 
an only daughter who married Thomas Tottishurst, of the county of Kent. 
Henry Dummer of Dummer, the surviving son, married twice, and died in 
151 C. By his second wife, Alice Franklin, he had a daughter Margaret, 
and a son, John Dummer, who died 1st January, 1570-1, having had two 
sons who died in infancy, and leaving two daughters. Rose, married to John 
P^dmonds of London, and Joane, who was married at Dummer, 5th Octo- 
ber, 15G1, to John Cocke of that place, where she was buried in 1G05, and 



i 



1881.]- The Family of Dummer. 255 

he in 1G13. Henry Dummer, by his first wife, the daughter of Thomas 
Starling, hail a son and heir. Richard Dummer, living in 1524-5, who had 
a daniihter Joane and a sou John, who both died without issue, and another 
son "William At More alias Dummer, who was born 13th Feb., 1508-9. He 
was for fifty years clerk of the Lord Mayor's Court, and Comptroller of the 
Chamber of London, and was finally buried at Dummer on the 11th of July, 
1593. He married Kinborongh, daughter of Edmund Brydges of Lon- 
don, and had an only son, Richard, who died in his infancy. 

The only monuments of the family existing, or known to have ever existed, 
in Dummer Church, were evidently put up by this person in his life-time, as 
the date of his death was never filled in. On a brass plate inserted in the 
east wall of the chancel are the effigies of a man and a little boy, the latter 
kneeling behind the former. The wife's efiigy, without children, has dis- 
appeared, the matrix only remaining. 

The arms in a shield are as follows : 

Quarterly, 1. and IV 2 bars between 6 Martlets (for Atmore), XL 

.... billety .... a crescent for difference (for Dummer), III across 

enfjrailed (for Caune). 

Underneath is the following inscription : 

" "Within this toumbe Ij'ctlie buryed y^ bodye of William at Moore al's Dommer 
Esquyre borne the xiiith daye of Februarye .Anno loOS : he served y^' citye of Lon- 
don in y office of one of y<= Clearkes of tlie L<»: Maiors Court and Comptroler of y« 
Chaumber of London 50 yeares and above and died the of A" he maryed Kin- 
borowe Daujrhter of Edmunde Bryd^^es of Londo Draper &, had issue betwene them 
a Sonne who died in his infancie." 

On the pavement below the above is the following on another brass plate 
let into a slab of Purbeck marble : 

" I, William at Moore, Dommer calde, do here intoumbed lye, 
And Lordship this and of thys Churche the patronage had I : 
Myne auncestors me lon^ before weare owners of the same, 
Obtayn'd by matclie w''^ Dommer 's heire whereof they tookey'' name; 
'W'^^ name and livinze here on earthe as from them 1 posseste. 
So R0v>-e in earth like them I am fur wormes becoumbe a t^ueste : 
Thus (reader) death on me hath wrought that to mankynd is due, 
And like of thee by nature's course is sure for to ensue." 

Execrable as poetry, these lines are important, as they furnish the wri- 
ter's own testimony as to the manner in which he became a Dummer. 

This "William was the last of the name who possessed the manor or lord- 
ship of Dummer, which at his death passed, probably by some limitation 
in the entail, to some person so dista^ntly connected with the family that the 
character of such connection cannot be ascertained. He, it will be seen, was 
not a genuine Dummer, but the last of seven generations of Atmores. His 
immediate predecessors had calleil themselves only Dummer. while he used 
both surnames, but gave his own coat of arms the precedence, using that 
of Dummer only as a quartering. In those days the heraldry of tomb- 
stones meant something, and the shield which he caused to be {)ut uf>on his 
monument tells his true history. He was entitled to quarter the Dummer 
coat through his heiress-ancestress who married the first Sir >.'icholas At- 
more, and she also brought with her that of Caune, her great-grandmother 
being an heiress. He might, if he had cho.-en, aLo have qoaitL;. if the 
coat of Pcnne, the first ancestress from whom he could positively trace his 
descent. 

The name of Dummer disappears from the Dummer registers after his 



256 The Famihj of Dummer. - [July, 

death, ami, so far as can be ascertained, the entire race in the male line of 
the Dummers of Pendomer became extinct. The surname crops up occa- 
sionally, however, in deeds and wills and other records of the period, but it 
is impossible to identify the persons bearing it. in any instance, or to con- 
nect them with each other. The probabilit}- is that, as in the case of At- 
more, other persons married Dummer daughters, if not heiresses, and 
assumed their name. That such was the case in the history of the family 
I am now about to discuss is very certain. It will probably be news to the 
descendants of the Dummers of New England that their ancient patrony- 
mic was not Dummer at all, but such is the inevitalde result from the ex- 
tensive researches I have made among the old wills, public records, 3Ianor 
Court rolls, etc. etc., of the period, and every step in the pedigree I am 
about to present is proved by evidence that is indisputable. My only re- 
gret is that no eiJbrt, and I have spared none, enables me to determine pre- 
cisely who was the tirst Dummer of the family. There is a gap that can- 
not be bridged. 

There was a certain John Dummer who was Prjepositus or Reeve of the 
borough of Overton in Hampshire, in 1471, and wdio w"as amerced in that 
borough in the 21st of King Henry YIL, 1505-6. "Who he was, where 
he came from, or when he died, I have been unable to ascertain, and can 
no where find any other reference to him. 

I. A little later, viz., in 1523, there appears at Owslebury, in the same 
county, a Richard Pijidren, or Pyldrcm, who died before February, 1540-1, 
and was buried at Owslebury. He was a freeholder of Overton above- 
mentioned, and is variously called, in the Manor Court rolls and other 
records, '• Richard Pyldren edicts Domer," " Richard Dummer cdias Pyl- 
dren," and '' Richard Pyldrem alias Dummer." His wife Matilda, or 
IMaude, survived him, and was living at Owslebury in 1545, as " Mawde 
Pillgryme," and in 1549 as '• Mawde Piidrem," but was buried at Owsle- 
bury, according to her son's will, before 24th August, 1559. Whether her 
maiden-name was Pyldren, and her husband assumed it on their marriage, 
or whether she was a Dummer and he had added her patronymic to his 
own, and, if so, whether she was a daughter and heiress of the John Dum- 
mer of Overton above named, are questions that my most anxious searches 
do not enable me to answer, and it is not probable that they ever can be 
answered. But as her sous and grandson continued to use the name of Pyl- 
dren before that of Dummer, and as, although at some distance from Owsle- 
bury, they continued to be freeholders of Overton, and as this Richard and 
Matilda gave the name of John to the only two sons they had, there 
may be a fair presumption that Matilda was the daughter and heiress 
of John Dummer of Overton, and that her husband, first assuming her 
surname as an alias, finally dropped his own altogether, or rather 
that his descendants did. The conjecture however is not snsceptiblc of 
proof absolute, and it can only be reasoned from analogy that the assump- 
tion of a second surname by Pyldren, as in the case of Atmore, was due 
to the fact that he had "' matched with Dummer's heir." 

At all events, this Richard Pyldren and Maude his wife were the ear- 
liest ancestors, of whom we can be absolutely certain, of the Dummers of 
JS^ew England, and of Bi^hopstoke and elsewhere in Hampshire. They 
left t^'O sons, both named John, and evidently no other children. One of 
these Johns, whether the elder or younger cannot be determined, was mar- 
ried at Newton Valence, Hants, 5th October, 1541, to Joane, daughter of 
Robert Smith of that place, and Agatha his wife. They are mentioned in 



1881.] The Famihj of Dummer. ' 2j7 

the will of her mother, Agatha Smith, daterl 23d September, 1558. as be- 
ing the!) issueless, and tliey evidently died without issue, as none are named 
in the will of her husband John Pyldren. which was dated •24th August, 
1559. lie directed to be buried at Owslebury, near his father and mother, 
and gave a small legacy to his brother John. The rest of his estate he gave 
to his wife Joane, whom he mode his executrix, and she proved the will 
at Winchester, on the 3d of June, 15G1. lo one of the old records of 1544 
this John is named as " John Pyldrime or Pilgryme .alias Domer." I 
have never met with this name in this form any where else, and the proba- 
bility is that, if it had been perpetuated, it would have settled down into 
Pilgrim, which was subsequently not an uncommon name. 

II. The other son of Richard and Maude Pyldren alias Dummer, viz. 
John Pyldren, or Pijldryn, as he continued to be'called in the lists of Free 
Renters at Overton, as late as 1542, subsequently resided at Durley, in 
Hants, about five miles southward from Owslebury. As his will is the 
earliest that can be discovered of the ancestors of the Dummers of Xew 
England, and as it is a curious example of the orthography of the period, 
I here give it verbatim ct literatim : 

" In the name of God Amen I John Pyldren of Derly within the countye of 
South*, Ihjuihandiiian. litinge gykeof bodye but thankes be unto God hole of niynde 
& memory, done here make and ordayne my last wyll & testament in manar &. forme 
foloinr;. Jn the fyrstc day of December in the seventutli yere of the rayne of our 
soverayne ladye t!ie queue Elyzabeth, by the grace of s^^jd qucne of In^iland, France 
& Ireland, deffendar of the layth etc. Item,' fyrste 1 geve and bequethe ray sole 
unto all myghty God. and my bodye to be buryed in the church or church-yeard of 
Dyrley. at the dyscretvon of my executors. Item, I jjeve unto the Trenytc churche 
of Wynchester iiii'. Item, I give unto my wilfc Alii [Alice] my best bed and all 
that thereto belongeth. Item. I also geve to my ?ayd wyffe my bcstkowe and a brasse 
pott ii plattars. Item, I geve to my son in lawe Richard 'White won quarter of 
barley well & kicne tryd ik wymber. Item, I geve to my son in lawe Wyllyara Col- 
broke won quarter of good barley. Item, I geve^unto my .son inlawesRychard White's 
son Ilobart won kowe boloke of a year old. Item, I'geve unto my godson Thomas 
White one kowe bolok of a yere old. Item, I geve to my godson Raynold Staverby 
xii"^. Item, I give and bequethe to every on of my god-children els ii'^ a pece. Item, 
I geve among the pore pepull of Dyiiey ii boshels'of whete, to be dystrebiited in bred 
at the dyscretyon of my executr.rs. Item, I geve to the chappell of Dorley xii''. Item, 
1 geve to every on of my servants xii^ Item, all the rest of ray goods and katayls 
unbequethed. my debtes payd Jb my fyneral dyschardgd, I give unto my son John 
and my son Thomas, whome I dowe make & ordayne ray guyntte and sole executors 
of this my last will and testament. Overseers ot this my wyll Henry Staverton, 
gentylman, & Richard Cossen of WyntershuU. Item I wyll that ether of them 
shall have v^ for their paynes. 

Witnesses to this my wyll : 
Henry .'Staverton 
Richard Cosen 
Thomas Abraham of Bets 
John Crouchar " " " 

The will was proved at Winchester, on the 11th of December, 1574, by 
both executors. The inventory of the personal effects of the testator is thus 
headed : 

" The Inventory of all the goodes & kateyls of John Pyldryn of Dyrley 
within the countye of Southe., Yeman, dysesed, taken and" preseid the sev- 
enthe day of December, and in the xvii"' yere of the Raygne of our sove- 
rayn Ladye Elyzabethe," "etc. The sum total was £70. 14. 0, a very re- 
spectable sum for the period. 

As the will was dated ou the 1st and proved on the 11th of December, 
1574, there can be little doubt that his wife Alice survived him ; but who 



258 • The FamiJij of Dummer. [July, 

she was, aud what became of her, I have been entirely unable to ascertain. 
Of their chiklren, beyond what is said in the will, I can only aihl that the 
two daughters were named Joane and Margery ; but which married Rich- 
ard "Whke and which William Colebrook I cannot say." They evidently 
had another daughter, who died in her father's lifetime, as " Alice daughter 
of John Dummer was buried at Durley on the 29th of December, I0O8 ;" 
and it may be suspected that '• Alice Dummer. widow," who was buried 
there on the loth of December, 1603, was his widow — but of this one can- 
not be certain. His own burial is not in the Durley register, and he may 
have been buried at Owslebury. the register of which parish previous to 
167G is hopelessly lost. It may be that the family was called Dummer at 
Durley, but that, when he came to make his will, he thought it necessary 
to use only his own family-name of Pyldren. In such case it is quite probable 
that it was his widow Alice who was buried at Durley in 16U3. But no 
will of hers can be found under either name, and this matter must therefore 
remain uncertain. 

John Dummer, the eldest son, continued at Durley, and was the ances- 
tor of the Dummers of that place, who never afterwards used the surname 
of Pyldien at all ; but, as they are of no account in this history, I proceed 
to that of the younger son, viz. : 

III. Thomas Pykhim alias Dommer, as he appears in the early Jlauor 
Court rolls of Bishopstoke, Hants. He was sometime of Allington in 
South Stoueham, and afterwards of Swathling in North Stoneham, both 
in Hants, not far from Durley and Bishopstoke, which are all indeed with- 
in a circle of a few miles. He appears as lessee of Swathling-farm 20th 
January, lGOS-9. On the 19th of September, 1620, he settled a rent- 
charge of forty shillings per annum, out of his land in Bishopstoke, for the 
use of the poor in that parish. His wife Joane joined with him in this set- 
tlement, but who she was, or when she died, I have been unable to ascer- 
tain. No will of herself or her husband is to be found. They are not in 
the Principal Registry either at London or "Winchester, and were probably 
proved in the Court of the Peculiar of Basingstoke, the records of wiiich 
Court, except a few odds aud ends that are deposited at Winchester, liave 
not been seen within the memory of man. It is believed that they were 
destroyed during the civil wars of the 17th century, or else hidden away 
for safe keeping, and eventually lost. This Thomas was living 24th Sept., 
1625, but died before 11th March, 1625-6, the dates of two of the 3Ianor 
Courts of Bishopstoke, as appears by the rolls. According to the state- 
ment of his daughter Mary (the " M. D." of the Genealogy printed on page 
xxi. of the Introduction to the Ist vol. of the " Diary of Samuel Sewall "), 
he was buried in Bishopstoke Church, and there is no reason to doubt the 
statement, Imt it cannot be corroborated, as the Bishopstoke registers now 
in existence do not begin until 1661, with the exception of a few entries 
on the fly-leaves, probably unofficial, and there is no monument for him. 

Their children occur in the Court-rolls precisely in the order in which 
they are named by '' M. D." in the statement referred to, with the excep- 
tion of the " two Williams," of whom I find no positive trace in this 
country. She stated that one of them " left one son, wliich hath children 
living," and it is possible that the visit of Samuel SewuU to Titchlield, 
9th March, 1688-9 (see Diary, I. 298), when he dined with his '• cousin 
Thomas Dummer," was to these relatives. The only trace I find of tliese 
Titdifield Dummers is in the will of Robert Dummer of Fairthorne. in the 
parish of Titchfield, Hants, yeoman, without date, but proved at Win- 



1881.] The Family of Diimmer. ;-25f- 

chester, 12th March, lGGo-4. Pie left a wife Mercy, and sons John, Ste- 
phen and Wtlllanu all luuler nge. One of the witnesses to this will was 
'Thomas Dumnier. The appearance of the two christian names of '\\^\\- 
liam and Tiiomas, as well as the others of John and Stephen, all the com- 
mon family-names, seems to indicate that they were the descendants of the 
"William named by " M. D.," bnt I have found nothing further about any 
of them. 

The scope of this narrative is primarily confined to the descendants of 
the fourth son, Stephen Dummer, but, as the histories of all of them are 
more or less intimately connected, and as they serve to illustrate to soma 
extent the -'Sewall Diary," I propose to narrate as briefly as possible what 
I have discovered about the others, commencing with the eldest son, viz.: 

1. John Dummer, who succeeded to his father's estate at Swathliug, 
where he contiinied to live until his death. He made his will on the 21)th 
of June. 1(')62, describing himself as John Dummer the elder, of Swathling, 
in the parish of South Ston.jham, co. Southampton, gentleman. It may 
be noted in passing, that he appears to have been the first of the line who 
dropped altogether the real patronymic of Pildren, and also the first v,ho 
styled himself a " Gentleman," as he undoubtedly was. The following is 
a full abstiact of the will : 

To the p(jor of South St jneham £3, and of North Stonelinin 20 shillings.— To 
Tiiomas my eldest son my lands and leases in Swathlini^. and Poliats in S:)uth 
Stonehara. — To John my f-econd son my fne land called Uauden'^ Land, in the Tith- 
ing of Allini^ton in Snutii St.uifham ;ifiresaid, it to his heirs and assigns forever, 
he paying £100. to his j^aid elder brother Thomas. — To Kdmund my youngest son 
±5 only, I having already settled an estate on him. — To my eldest daugliter Ann, 
wife of Richard Chemish. £-200, for the use of herself and children.— To Dorothy 
& Elizabeth my dauiiihtcrs, each £10. and to each of my grandchildren £3. — To 
Walter Smith of faiithorne 10 shillings — All residue to my' said sons Thomas and 
John, whom I make my joint executors. 

The will was proved at Winchester, by both executors, on the 28th of 
January, 1GC2-3. The total sum of the inventory of the personal estate 
was £o22. 9. 8. quite a large sum for a man of his position at that period. 

His wife had evidently died before him, but, as the parish-register of 
South Stonehara now existing does not begin until just after his death, in 
16G3, I am unable to ascertain even her christian name. In that register, 
however, under date of 2Gth August, 16G7, is this entry: " Memorandum — 
that upon Monday, August 2Gth, I burled the corpse of oW Smt/th, uncle unto 
Mr Dummer of Swathling. in the church-yard of South Stoneham." The 
Mr. Dumnier referred to was of course tl'ie eldest sou Thomas, who had 
succeeded to Swathling. ami if "old Smyth" was his uncle, in the -trict 
ajiplicatiou of the word, it could have been only as his mother's bi-i.ther, 
and the 3Ir. Smyth so disrespectfully mentioned may have beeu the Walter 
Smith to whom Thomas Dummer's father left the small legacy of 10 shil- 
lings. He may have been a disreputable old man, of whom the incumbent 
of that date did not feel bound to speak more respectfully. The childrea 
of this John Dummer were as follows : 

(1.) Thomas Dumma: eldest son, and one of his father's executors, suc- 
ceeded to the Swathling estate. He married at Durley, Hants, on the 2d 
of April, 16;39, his cousin-german ^lary Dummer, youngest daughter of 
his uncle Thomas Dummer. (She was the - M. D." of the " Sewall 
Diary.") By her he had an only son, John Dummer, who was baptized 
at Durley on the 27th of February, 1G60-1, admitted to Winchester Col- 



260 The Famihj of Dummer. [July, 

lege l'2th August, 1675, died unmarried on the loth, and was buried at 
South Stoneham on the 17th. of ^Nlarch. lGSo-4. His is tlie earliest Dam- 
mer monument in the church of South Stoneham. and the inscription reads 
thus: "Here lieth the body of John Dammer, only sou of Thomas Dum- 
mer, of Swathling. Gciit.. and Marv his wife. He died ^larch lo, 1683, 
aged 22." 

They had also an only dauijhter, and eventually heir, Susanna, who was 
born the 3d, and baptized at South Stoneham the 9th, of September, 1663, 
and married there on the 27th of December. 16SS, to Robert Andrews, 
gent., who through her succeeded to the Swathling estate. He died in his 
59th year, on the^P^th of August. 1719. and was'buiied the 21st at South 
Stoneham, where he has a monument with this inscription : 

"11. S. E. Robert Andrews, of Swathling. Gent., who married Susanna sole 
daughter of Thomas Dun^mer sen'', of Swatlilimr. Gent., bj- whom he had two sons, 
Dummerand Robert, and fjur daughters, Mary, Susanna, Martha and Elizal'eth : 
obiit 19 of August, anns a?tatis 6!), salutis 1719. The Rev'^ Dummer Andrews 
M. A., the eldest son, ubiit Uet IS, anno ;>3tatis 63, salutis 1760." 

This son, Rev. Dummer Andrews, was baptized at South Stoneham 
15th September, 1602. matriculated at Oxford, from Queen's College, 15th 
December, 1709, and was B.A. 5th June, 1713, and M.A. 16th April, 1716. 
He was buried at South Stoneham 22d Oct., 1760. Dying unmarried he 
left his estates to Dummer, only son of his brother Robert Andrews. His 
will, dated 23d June. 1753, was proved in the Prerogative Court of Can- 
terbury 29th June, 1761. He named his brother and sisters then living, 
his niece Mrs. ^Nlary Luson of London, widow, his niece Mrs. P^liza- 
beth AVhite, of Romsey. Hants, and her son John White, and his god- 
daughter ^Irs. Phila-i'^dphia Carter. Beyond this his will is of no in- 
terest to this narrative. The other son, Robert Andrews, was living 
at the date of his broti;er"s will, 23d June, 1753, with a wife Susanna, 
an only son Dummer. and two daughters, Susanna and Elizabeth. Be- 
yond this I have not sought to trace them. 

Of the daughters. Mary Andrews, the eldest, was baptized at South 
Stoneham, 26th May. 1691. She married, in or before 1717, John Storke 
of Rumsey, merchant (eldest son of John Storke who had married her 
kinswoman Mary Nelson, as will be seen hereafter), who, according to the 
monument at Rumsey. died 30th November, 1724, aged bo. Their daugli- 
ter Susanna Storke married, after 23d June, 1753, John Reeks, and proved 
the will of her uncle Rev. Dummer Andrews 29th Jatiuary, 1761. 

Susanna Andrews, the second daughter, was baptized at South Stone- 
ham 5th April, 1694. .She died unmarried on the 19th of August, 1768, 
aged 74, and was buried at .South Stoneham. 

JNIartha Andrews, the third daughter, was born 18th May, and baptized 
at South Stoneham, 14th June, 1695. She died young, before her fither. 

Elizabeth Anilreus, tiie youngest daughter, was bajitized at South Stone- 
ham 30th October, 1 696. She married Rev. John Xorris, M.A., Rector 
of Langford, co. Wilts, whom she survived. She died 5th November, 
1760, aged 64, and was buried at South Stoneham with her ancestors. 

Robert Andrews, jrent.. the father of these children, made his will on 
the 30th of November, 1717, and it was proved at Winchester, by his wid- 
ow Susanna, on the 9th !May. 1720. She made her will on the 18th of 
June, 1720, and it was proved at Winchester on the 13th of July, 1722, 
by her daughter Susanna Andrews. There is nothing in either of them 
beyond the facts already detailed, and they need not, therefore, be recited. 



1881.] The Famihj of Dv.mmer. 261 

Thomas Dummer. of S«-atblins. of whom we are treating, eldest son of 
John Dummer of Swathling. made hi> will on the loth of January, 1688-0, 
describing himself as a Gentleman. The following is a full abstract of it: 

To my wife Mary, mv moiety of housins: and land in We-t Witterins:, co. Sus- 
sex, hdon<rin2 to the Cathedral Church of Chichester, also mv leasehold-estate m 
Houne. with reiuainier to mv dauirhter Susanna. — To my said wife Mary, my lease- 
hold-estate in Swathlino;. belonaine to Corpus Christi Collc(r'\ Osfml, f)r her lite, 
with remainder to my'' said dan^'iter >u--anna. — To my said dauiihter Susanna, 
my freehold-land in Swathlin^ and elsewhere, but, if she die without husband or 
issue, then remainder to my said wife for life, remainder to Thomas, son of my 
brother Edmund Dummer. aV.d the heirs of his body, remainder, in default thereof, 
to Richard, another son of my said brother Edmund Dummer, remainder to Corne- 
lius Dummer, another son of mv said hr-itlier Edmund, and to his heirs forever. — Lo 
Samuel Carter my kin>=man, £lo, and to his sister Hester Carter. £5.— To Mary 
Dummer, daughter of Tnomas Dummer, firmerly living at Chicknell, £10. — All re- 
sidue to my said wife and daughter equally, and t make them my joint executriees. 

The will was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, on the 
10th of December, IGOQ. by the relict Mary, and the daughter Susanna, 
wife of Robert Andrews. 

Thomas Dummer was buried in the Church of South Stoneham. on the 
21st of ^larch, 168S-C'. The inscription on his monument is as follows : 

"Here Iveth the Bodv of Thomas Dummer, senior, of Swathling, Gent., who 
died March' 17, lOBS, in Ins 69th year." 

Why his will was not proved in London until nearly two years after his 
death, 'may be explained on the presumption that it was immediately proved 
in tlie Peculiar Court of his neighborhood, the records of which are lost, 
and that subsequently it became necessary to prove it also in Loudon. ^ His 
widow Mary survived liim more than thirty years, and was buried at South 
Stoneham on the 4th of June. 1720. She has no monument, nor can any 
will of hers be found. Probably she left none, as she must have lived to 
extreme old age, certainly beyond eighty. 

It has been always said that the three emigrants to New England, Rich- 
ard, Stephen and Thomas Dummer. Wire brothers, but this is an evident 
mistake so far as the last is concerned. The age of the Thomas who went 
out in the " Bevis " is given as 19, in the well'known list of passengers by 
that vessel, but that list contains other irreconcileable statements. It is 
absolutely certain that .Joane. <laughter of Thomas Dummer. brother of 
Richard and Stephen, married Tdiomas Nelson as early as 1645 ; and there- 
fore equally certain that she was not the dautrhter of a man who had emi- 
grated in 1638 at the age of 19. My impression is that Thomas, the bro- 
ther of Richard and Stephen, never 'went to Xew England at all, but that 
Richard, on his return to New England in 1G38. took with him the wife and 
children of Stephen (who had remained in New England), and also .Joane, 
daughter of their brother Thomas and Thomas the son of their brother 
John, the same Thomas whose history we are now discussing, wdio would 
have been about 19 in 1638. and that he afterwards returned to England, 
as did his uncle Stephen, and others of the family. This conclusion seems 
to be sustained by the fact tliat there appears to be no trace_ of Thomas 
Dummer in New England after IGjO, when his name occurs in the list of 
the original settlers of .Salisbury. 

"VVe now return to the second son of John Dummer of Swathling, viz^: 

(2.) Rev. John Dummer, - ho was admitted to Winchester College •2.5th 
September, 1637, and l>ec e Fellow of New College, Oxford, in 1644. 
He did not take his deg .f M.A. untU 20th September, 1660. He was 

VOL. XXXV. 



^^2 The Family of Dummer. [July, 

instituted to the Rectorv of HardTvick. co. Bucks, on the 6th of Mav 1669 
^hich post he retained until his death on the 15th of Mav, IGW.' at the 
age of iZ. A Latin inscription to his memorv, but of nJ further genea- 
logical interest. wUl be found in the 3d vol. of Lipscomb's History of Buck- 
inghamshire, on page 369. He died unmarried. He made his will on the 
13th of January._lb69-90. describing himself as "John Dummer. Clerk, 
Kector of Hardwick, co. Bucks." The following is a full abstract: 

sJa'ShZ^'^i'-f'^.^^r^^^^^T'"' '^[•'l'^" of my brother Edmond Dummer of 
Sr Vf;.^ Southampton all my land and estate which I received from my 
Sn r.V h- T^/~ ^^?^' ^^"'^'" ^"""'^ Stoneham in said county, and to thp heirs 
^^n,- ^ \ ^"P' "^"^ romamder to John, second ^m of my said brother Edmond 
remainder to fnom^as. third son of my said brother Edmond.-To the Vicar and 
Churchwardens ot S.uth Stoneham, out of said lands, 40 shillings per annum half 
TTth?n/oT\lPn^'r ^^^V'=^,«f ^-^/hling & half for the poor ot' fvest End in he 
ichKlrhJE f^"'V°f"-^P"J'^--T^ °^y sister Ann Chemish. £20. To 
each ot the children of my brothers and sisters. £5.-1 give my lands etc in Whit- 

tewiVr;iv;^~V-/"n-^H^r^'^''*^^^^' '=^^^^'^^- '^'^- ^'^ P^y ^- ^he use'of th poor of 
Hardwick alore^ald -20 shillings per annum for ever, and a Fellow of that CoJle<^e 

^n of n V h.^h "''r r ^\°? ^^"l'^^ the First.-To my cousin Richard Dummer^ 
son of my brother Edmund Dummer of Swathliuir. ail mv books, -owns, and cas- 
Zf'hVJfTV"'''''', ^""u" '^''''''- ^'^^«^' "«^ ^^'^i'i^"t with me, £20., and to her 
consln Afnr n • '"'^ ''^ ^'\ '^^'^ "^"' '^^^"^^^ ^"'^ ^^^"^^ Carter each £.5.-To my 
hTLl /j^^'f'^''' <^^^S'^ter ot my cousin Edmund Dummer, late of Chatham 
• but now of Lond.n, near the Tower, £20, when of full a-e.-To mv cousin Mar^ 
fht'^^'TfutlT'^ '' "• ''^ ^'-'"""^ ^"°^™^^- ^--To^each of my brotherS 
Ss of JvhrTh.7lr^''Tu'^'''''' «^-^*^,"tors my dear nephews John and Thomas, 
^^1 n;> brother Edmund Dummer ot Swathlin^.-Overseers, my dear and much 
fc'n P.nf"^'- '^ ^l^.'^^,^l--'3-.> Dr. of Laws and Chancellor of Lincoln and Mr. 
Stephen Penton, sometime Prmcipal of St. Edmund's ilall in Oxford. 

The will was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, on the 1st 
of August, 1694. by said Thomas Dummer, one of the executors named 
power being reserved for John Dummer, the other. ' 

The chief importance of this will is that it enables us to identify the Car- 
ters, as will be seen hereafter. 

The third and voungest son of John Dummer of Swathling was 

(3.) J'-^dmnnd Dummer. of .Swathling, who married Barbara, dau-hter of 
Kichard Cornelius of Southampton, merchant. They were both briried at 
bouth fetoneham, he on the 17th of January, 1701-2, in his 79th year and 
she on the_27th of March, 1706, in her 71^ year. She left no will, or at 
least none is to be found. His will is dated 17th October, 1698, and he 
described himself as of Swathling, Gentleman. The following is a full 
abstract : ° 

To my dear wife the use of all my goods, stock and household stuff, f .r her life 
Snini= V^Tk^ my son n.y rnessuage or tenement in East street, in the pari-h of All 
TJu,ll iV "''''^ of ^-.uthampt.n, and to his heirs forever.-To Kichard and C.r- 
nar sh Js^M ^''''^ \'"'^ '" '^^ "'^"1^"-"' "^^ messuage or tenement in the 

Kh infL.r'v'°r^ii^'^^'"f'r'°P^'''^l^''^--^^^^ my cousin John Hunt, of Lye 
ner^nnnmt^i r^'^^.n^^"'^.'"''^' "^^.-To my sister Ann Kemish, 20 shillings 
P Jv AT ' ^-"'^^^ ^^■''^"e to my eons Edmund and Thomas Dummer, and I 

maKe tnem my executors. 

^^u^y^ ^^f P'"*^''®'^ '"^^^^ Prerogative Court of Canterbury, on the 
18th of December, 1704 (probably having been before proved in one of 
the local courts of which the records are lost), by the son Thomas, power 
being reserved for the son Edmund. The inscription on the monument at 
bouth Stoneham is as follows: 



1881.] 2he Family of Dummer. 263 

"In memory of Edmund Dummer of Swathling, Gent., who died the 15th of 
January, 1701, aged 78; and algo in memory of Barbara his wife, daughter of Richard 
Cornelius, of South'"", Merchant, who died" the 2"Jd day of March, 1705, a^ced 70 : 
They had 8 sons (Richard, Edmund, John, Thomas, Charles, Richard, Cornelius, 
and Henry), and, after having happily spent 40 years in a marriage-state, were 
here interred." 

Their cliildren were as follows : 

[1.] Richard, who was baptized at North Stoneham. 6th July, 1662, and 
died young, before 1672, but his burial is not recorded, either at North or 
South Stoneham. 

[2.] Edmund Dummer, who was baptized at South Stoneham 2 2d Sep- 
tember, 1663. He was a member of Lincoln's Inn, and on the 6th of 
June, 1706, was appointed to the Government-post of Clerk of the Great 
Wardrobe. He married late in life, viz. 16th May, 1715 (-when he was in 
his 53d year), at St. James, Westminster, Leonora-Sophia, daughter of Sir 
William Dutton-Colt, Knight. (She was in her 24th year at her marriage, 
having been born at Zell, in Germany, where her father was an Ambassa- 
dor, on the 24th of September, 1691, and was baptized the 26th, in the 
French Church there. She remarried in July,- 1729, Denis Bond. Esq., of 
Grange, co. Dorset^ and. dying 26th 3Iarch. 1766, was buried on the 3d of 
April following, in the Temple Church, London.) Edmund Dummer died 
on the 23d of May, 1724. aged 60. The inscription on his monument at 
South Stoneham is as follows : 

" M. S. Edmundi Dummer, de Swathling in agro Hantoniensi, Armigeri, de Hos- 
pitii Lincolniensis Barrasterii, Qui e Leonora Sophia uxore, Gulielmi Dutton Colt, 
militis, apud Hannoveram dim legati, filifi, liberos quinque. duos silicet filios et 
tres filias. suseepit. E quibus Johannem, Mariam et Elizahetham superstites reii- 
quit. Edmundo et Cathcrince infantibus, que ab iis pius sibi ipsi prjestavi mal- 
uit parens, suprema officia esecutus est, euorum dum vi^iit amans. amicis charus, 
yicinis hospee, clientibus audiit fidus, notis omnibus desideratus, obiit 10 Calcndao 
Junii, anno Ktatis GI, Domini 17:^4." 

His will is a long one, but, as it contains some important identifications,, 
and as he becomes an interesting personage in this history in another mat- 
ter to be presently discussed, I give a full abstract of it. It was dated 15th 
October, 1720, and he described himself as of Swathling, co. Southampton, 
Esquire. 

To be buried under the seat where I usually sit in the parish-church of South 
Stoneham, or near my dear father and mother, as my executors shall see fit. — I give 
all my manors, lands, & tenements in the county of Southampton, London. & coun- 
ty of Middlesex, or elsewhere in England, to my brother-in-law Thomas Shipman, 
Merchant [really no relation, but his wife's half brother, son of her mother by her 
former husband — see C^A. Chester's " Westminster Abbey Registers," p. 24 text, 
andnoteS], and John Baines of the Inner Temple, London, Es-j^., in trust for my 
dear brother Thomas Dummer, fur his life, with remainder to my nephew Thomas 
Lee Dummer, until the child with which my wife is now enceinte (if a sun) shall 
reach the age of 21, when he is to have the same, but, if he die before that age, or 
without issue, then to said Thomas Lee Dummer for life, with remainder to my 
daughter Mary and the child of which my wife is enceinte (if a daughter), and to 
the longest liver of them. — To my said daughter Mary, and my said unborn child (if 
a daughter), each £5000. at the age of 21 or marriage. — For a school at North 
Stoneham, £300., and £5 per annum towards the maintenance of a school-master. — 
(Makes provisions for maintaining and educating four or more children of hia 
daughter Mary, or of the unburn child (if a daughter), and three of the buys are t'; 
take the surname of Dummer. and the fourth that of Cornelius, in memory of his 
own dear mother deceased.) — If said daughter (or daughters) have no issue, then 
said four buys to be selected from among the children of my relations John llunt, 
Richard Hunt, [blank] Bartlct, and of my late aunts [blank] Kemish and Anne 



264 The Family of Dummer. [Snly^ 

Bear, deceased [this was a blunder of the writer of the will, or more likely a failure 
of memoiy on the part of the testator, for the name of his aunt Kemisli was Anne, 
and that of his aunt Beare was Elizabeth ; as lie evidently could not (jive his aunt 
Keuiish's christian name, he appears to have confused the two], bein^ kindred of 
my father's side ; and of Margaret Dort, John Norborne.and Barbara Fry. deceased, 
bein": kindred of my mother's side. — If neees.^ary, my estates in London, Essex, and 
Middlesex to be sold — To my cousin John Xorborne, £10. — To Thomas btegizull, 
Gent., £10.— To the pjor of North and South Stoneham, £40.-1 intend by 'Mother 
means to siirnify my reasons why the heirs of my cousin Andrews, widow, lately 
deceased, have no reason ti) expect any profit or advantage of my lab.irs. — I srive 
£300. for the erection of monuments for my father and mother k my brothers, where 
they lie interred, and I will that the corpse of my late dear brother Charles, deceas- 
ed, be carried from tlie vault of St. Dunstau in the West, London, and interred 
■where my father, mother k brothers lie. 

Codicil, dated 9th May, 1721. Whereas since makina: my will I have had twochild- 
dren by me begotten of the be dy of my wife, now living, viz. John and P^lizabeth, 
said John, being the child of which my wife was then enceinte, will now inherit 
my estate. — To my said daughter Elizabeth £5000. at the age of 21 or marriaua. — 
To my kinsman Thomas Dummer, njw livins: with me as clerk, £40. — T'o iMary & 
Joane. be they widows or wives, and to John their brother, all children of my aunt 
Kemish. each £10. — .\11 settlements and agreements, betore and since marriage, 
with my dearwiie, to be fully performed. — I make my brother Thomas Dummer my 
executor. 

The will was proved in the Prerogative Court of Cahterbury on the 5th 
of June, 1724. by the executor named. His children by liis wife Leonora 
Sophia were as follows : 

Edmund, who died in infancy. 

Mary, born 11th May. 1717, who married at St. Paul's Cathedral. London, 
llth July, 1740, John Bond, of Grange, co. Dorset, Esq., who died 
30th May, and was buried oth June, 1784, at Steeple, co. Dorset. 
She died the 3d of October, 1787, and was buried the lOth with 
her husband. 
Catharine, who died an infant, and was buried at South Stoneham 20th 
Feb., 1719-20. 

John Dummer, who was born in Dec, 1720. He niatriculated at Oxford, from 
Wudham College, 23d November, 1738, but took no degree. He 
died, unmirried, on the 5th, and was buried at South Stoneham on 
14th, February, 1748-9. His estates, which were very considerable, 
went to ins two surviving sisters, as his next heirs. He left no will, 
but letters to administer his estate were granted by the Preroga- 
tive Court of Canterbury 17th 3Iarcli, 1748-9, to his sister Eliza- 
beth Kuightley, his mother Mrs. Bond having renounced adminis- 
tration. 

Elizabeth, baptized at Lincoln's Lin Chapel, 30th Sept., 1722. She was 
married at St. George's, Hanover Square, 20th Dec, 1740, to Val- 
entine Kuightley. f^sq.. Lord of the Manor of Fawsley in North- 
amptonshire, who dieil the 2d and was buried the lOih of ^lay, 
1754, at Fawsley. She died the llth of August, 17G0. leaving 
issue. On his shield Mr. Kuightley bore the Dummer-arms on au 
escutcheon of pretence. 
This P>dmund Dummer must not be forgotten, as we shall have to do with 

him again in discu.-.^iiig the question of the Dummer coat of arms. His 

next brothi-r, viz., 

[3.] John Dummer, was baptized at .South Stoneham 25th October, 1CC5. 

He became a surgeon, and died, unmarried, in his father's life-time, being 

buried at South Stoneham 29th November, 1G97. The inscription on his 

monument is as follows : 



1881.] The Family of Bummer. 265 

" In memory of John Diimmer, third son of Edmund Dummer, of S^^'athling, 
Gent., and Barbara his wife, whodied the ^oth day of November, 1697, aged 32." 

He made his will on the clay before his death, describing himself as of 
North Stoneham, Chirurgeon. The only bequest was a legacy of £50, the 
interest of which was to be distributed every Good Friday forever among 
the poor of North Stoneham. 

His father proved the will in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury on 
the loth of December, 1697. 

The next son of Edmund and Barbara Dummer was 

[4.] Tlwmas Dummer, who was born about 1667. He became a Barris- 
ter of the Inner Temple, and in 1706 was appointed Deputy Keeper of 
the Great Wardrobe, which ofRce he held until his death. He married, 
about 1712, Isabella-Dorothea, only daughter of Thomas Holland, Esq. 
(son and heir of Sir John Holland, 1st Baronet of Quiddenham, co. Nor- 
folk), who died in his father's life-time. She died, evidently, in child-bed 
of her only child. The inscription on her monument at South Stoneham 
is as follows : 

" Under this marble resteth the body of Isabella Dorothea, wife of Thomas Dum- 
mer, of the: [nner Temple. London, Esq., Deputy to the Most Xuble John, Duke of 
Wonta^u, Master of the Great Wardrobe, the only daughter of Thomas Holland, 
Esq'', (son and heir of Sir John Holland, late of Quidenham, in the county of Nor- 
folk, Bart.), who died the Ucli day of July, 1713, in the 40th year of her age.'' 

Her husband survived her more than thirty-six years. The inscription 
on his monument at South Stoneham is as follows : 

" Here lyeth Thomas Dummer, Esq., who was a Deputj' of the Great Wardrobe 
forty-three years : he died the 2&^ day of September, 1749, in the 82d year of his 
age'" 

He made his will on the 31st of July, 1747, describing himself as "of the 
Inner Temple, London, Esquire. Deputy to the Most Noble Prince John, 
Duke of I\Ioutagu, Master of His Majesty's Great Wardrobe." The follow- 
ing is a full abstract: 

To be buried near my late dear wife in the chancel of the parish-church of South 
Stoneham, in the county of Southampton. — Whereas, since my said wife's death, I 
settled the manors and farms of More Court, Great Kembridge & Lockerly, in said 
county, on my stjn Thumas Lee Dummer, the only child left me bymy said dearwife, 
and as I have not married again, all my real estate will descend to him. I now give 
him all my personal estate, he paying the £12,000, which I covenanted to settle at 
his marriage with Mrs. Elizabeth Penton on their younger children. — To Mr. Rich- 
ard Port, and to Mrs Elizabeth Beare & Mrs. Sarah Beare, daughters of Mr. Gil- 
bert Beare, of Winchester, deceased, each 20 guineas. — I appoint" my said son Tho- 
mas Lee Dummer my executor. 

Codicil, dated 29th August, 1747. — £10 per annum to be given to Mr. Bartholo- 
mew towards the education of his eon at the Grammar School, and, if he send him 
to the University of Oxford, then £20 per annum for seven j'ears. 

2'^ Codicil, dated 29=^ Feb-'', 1747-8.— In my daughter's jointure- settlement the 
lands at East Norton, in co. Leicester, were omitted, and I desire that some other 
estate of mine, or an annuity of the same value, viz. £120. 13. 2., be settled on her f jr 
life. — To each of my nieces, the Lady Holland and her two sisters Isabella and Char- 
lotte Holland, a mourning-ring of the value of 50 guineas. — To widow Perrior half 
a crown weekly for her life. — I'o Lettice Garlick. £12. per annum for life. — To Phil- 
lip Rousselon, £20 per annum for life. — To Barbara Fry, £10 per annum fur life, 
according to the writing I gave to Mrs. Barbara Richards, the same to be paid out 
of the Manor of Northam. 

The will was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury on the 24th 
of November, 1749, by the son Thomas Lee Dummer, Esq. 

This only son, Thomas Lee Dummer, matriculated at Oxford, from Brase- 
VOL. XXXV. 23 



266 The Family of Dummcr. [July, 

nose College, 11th April, 1728, aged 15, and for some extraordinary rea- 
son was created M.A. only three years later, viz. 28th May. 1731. lie was a 
Fellow of the Royal Society. lie subse<|uently purchase<l Cranbury Park, 
near Otterbourue in IIamps.hire. and was M. P. for Newport, Isle of Wight. 
He and his wife are sutliciently further described in the following inscription 
on their monument at South Stoneham : 

" Close to this wall lie interred the remains of Thomas Lee Dummer, E«q., of 
Cranbury in this County, F.R.S. He was the only son and heir of the late Tho- 
mas Duuimev, Esq., Deputy of Ills Majesty's Great Wardrobe. He died October 
&^, 1765, aiied 53. Also in the same vault are deposited the remains of EHzabeth 
Dummcr, his wife, daughter of John Penton, Esq., of Winchester. She died April 
6th, 1766, aged 53." 

They had an only daughter, Elizabeth, who died ia childhood, and was 
buried at South Stoneham, 17th June, 1746; and an only son, Thomas 
Dummer. who succeeded to Cranbury Park. He married, oth June, 17G6, 
Harriot, third daughter of Sir Cecil Bisshopp, oth Baronet of Parbam, by 
his wife Anne, second daughter of Hugh Bo^cawen, 1st Viscount Falmouth, 
but had no issue. (She survived him, and remarried Nathaniel Dauce, the 
artist, third son of George Dauce, the celebrated architect, who assumed 
the additional surname of Holland, and was created a Baronet 27th Nov., 
1800. Sir Nathaniel Dauce-Holland died loth Oct., 1811, in his 76th year, 
and was buried in the nave of Winchester Cathedral. She survived him 
nearly fourteen years, and, dying 12th June, 1825, in her 84th year, was 
buried with her lirst husband at South Stoneham [Burke states that there was 
an intermediate marriage with Thomas Chamberlaine, but no evidence of 
such marriage can be found].) The inscription on the monument of Tho- 
mas Dummer at South Stoneham is as follows : 

" The remains of Thomas Dummer, Esq., of Cranbury in this County, are depos- 
ited in the same vault with his father and mother : He was only son and heir of 
Thomas Lee Dummer, Esq. : he died June 3d, 1781, aged 41." 

He was the last male descendant of John Dummer of Swathling, eldest 
son of Thomas Pyldrym alias Dummer, of whose line we are now treating, 

[5.] Charles Diaiimer, the next son of Edmund and Barbara Dummer, 
was baptized at North Stoneham. 13th January, 1669-70. He died un- 
married about 1698, and was buried at 'St. Dunstan in the West, London, 
but, agreeably to the direction in his brother Edmund's will, his remains 
were removed to South Stoneham. His next brother was 

[6.] Richard Dummer (2d of the name), who was baptized at North 
Stoneham 15th February, 1671-2. He was admitted to AVinchester Col- 
lege 25th August, 1685, and matriculated at Oxford, from Trinity College, 
12th Dec. 1691. He was B.A. 7th June, 1695, and M.A. 25th June, 1698. 
He became Vicar of South Stoneham. and was collated a Prebendary of 
Llandaff, 4th June, 1700. He died unmarried, and was buried at South 
Stoneham, 3d August, 1705. The inscription on his monument is as 
follows : 

" In memory of the Rev'^ Richard Dummer, A.M., sixth son of Edmund Dum- 
mer of Swathling, Gent., and Barbara his wife, who dyed the 3Ist of July, 1705, 
aged 34." 

His next' brother was 

[7.] Cornelias Dummer, who was baptized at North Stonehem, 3d Sept., 
1674. He died, unmarried, at Valencia in Spain, and letters to administer 
his estate were granted by the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 11th Oct., 



1881.] The Family of Dummer. . 267 

1706, to his brother Thomas. He was described as late of the city of 
Winchester, and probably had gone abroad for his health, but possibly on 
business. His next brother was 

[8.] Henry Dummer. wlio was baptized at North Stoneham, 22d Nov., 
1677, and buried at South Stoneham 18th Nov., 1680. He was the young- 
est child of Edmund and Barbara Dummer. 

TTe now return to the sisters of Thomas, .John, and Edmund Dummer, 
daughters of John Dummer, son of Thomas Pyklrym o/i'as Dummer. They 
were three in number. 

Anne, the eldest daughter, married, before June, 1662, Richard Chemish, 
as he is called in her fatlier's will, or Kemish, as in those of her brothers. 
She was living as late as 17th Oct., 1698, but died before loth Oct., 1720. 
In 1724 her children living were John Ivemish, and Mary and Joane, ap- 
parently married. I have found nothing further about them. 

Doroilnj, second daughter, married, at East Tisted, Hants, 25th April, 
1650. John Hunt, of Southwick. Hants, and had a son John living in 1698. 

Elizabeth, third and youngest daughter, appears to have married Robert 
Beare, and to have left a son Gilbert Beare, who had issue living in 17-47. 

"We now proceed with the hi.itory of the second son of Thomas Pyldrym 
alias Dummer, viz. : 

2. Richard Dummer, with which, however, I have little to do, as the 
later portions of it belong almost entirely to New England. He is said 
to have been born at Bishopstoke about 1598, but this, owing to the loss of 
the early Bishopstoke parish-register, cannot be verified. In the list of 
the passengers by the "Bevis." heretofore referred to, his age is given as 
40 in 1638. The only record I find of him in England is that in 1631, 
previous to his first going to New England, he settled a rent-charge of 
40 shillings per annum, out of his lands in Bishopstoke, to the use of the 
poor of that parish forever. It was a generous thing to do as he was 
taking leave of his old neighbors, and speaks well for his character. That 
he paid a subsequent visit to England is proved by the fact that in 1650-1 
he proved, in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, the will of Thomas Nel- 
son, husband of his niece Joane. 

The only records I have found relating to any of his descendants refer 
to his grandson, the well known Jeremy Dummer, and his great-grand- 
daughter Elizabeth, daughter of Samuel Dummer and Elizabeth Ruggles. 

Among certain records, kindly searched for and transcribed for me by 
Mr. Henry F. Waters, Salem, Mass., from the Probate Registry of Mid- 
dlesex County at East Cambridge, are the following: 

I' Daniel Rogers, of Littleton. Clerk, appointed Administrator on the estate of 
Elizabeth Duminer, daughter of Stmuel Dummer. hite of Wilmington, deceased 
intestate, who also is deceased intestate, 1st September, 1740. 

" Memorandum : tliewife of the Rev. Mr. D.iriiel R igers, who was Samuel Dum- 
mer Esquire's widow, and mother of said Elizabeth Dummer, holds her thirds or 
right of dower in all the above mentioned and appraised iiousing and lands [refer- 
ring to the Inventory]. 'Tis «aid there is an estate in England that belonged to the 
aforesaid Elizabeth Dummer, at the time of her decease, but what it is is not yet 
come to knowledge." 

The record I have found evidently refers to that unknown estate in Eng- 
land, probably certain property at Bishopstoke, which had descended to her 
from her great-graudfuther Richard Dummer. 



268 The Family of Bummer. [July, 

Ou the 27th of August, 1741, letters to administer the estate of Elizabeth 
Dummer, spinster, of Littleton, in Nevr England, were granted by the Pre- 
rogative Court of Canterbury, to Thomas Ilutcbinsou, Esq., the lavrful 
attorney of Elizabeth Rogers, heretofore Dummer, wife of the Rev. Daniel 
Rogers, Clerk, the natural and lawful mother and next of kin of tlie de- 
ceased, for the use and benefit of said Elizabeth Rogers alias Dummer, 
now residing in New England. 

As to Jeremy Dummer, it is well known that he died in England on 
the 19th of May, 1739. He was buried at West Ham in Essex, and the 
inscription on the monument (a slab now close to the door of the vestry) is 
as follows : 

" The Remains 

of 

Jeremiah Dummer 

of New England, Esq', 

distinguished by his excellent life 

probity and humanity. 

His age 58. 

1739." 

I am not sure whether his will has ever been printed in the United 
States, and, as it contains at least one name connected hereafter with this 
narrative, I append a full abstract of it. It is dated on the 7th of June, 
1738, and he described himself as Jeremy Dummer (and so signed it), late 
Agent of His Majesty's Provinces of Massachusetts and Connecticut in 
New England, and now resident at Plaistow iu Essex, in the kingdom of 
Great Britain. The opening paragraph I quote verljatim : 

" In the chief place, and before all things, 1 do on this solemn occasion commend 
my soul to Almighty God, and render Him infinite thanks for the many blessings 
with which He has been pleased to fill up the short scene of my life, firmly confid- 
ing in the Benignity of His nature, that he won't afflict me in another world "for some 
foUys I have committed in this, in common with the rest of mankind, but rather 
that he will graciously consider the frail and weak frame which he gave me, and 
remember that I was but dust." I desire my executors kmdly to invite to my fu- 
neral all such New England Gentlemen as shall be in London at the time of my 
decease, and to give to each a ring of the value of 20 shillings, without my name 
on it, but only this motto, which I think : " Nulla retro via."— To Mrs Kent, where 
I now live, and to Mrs Mary Stephenson, lodging in the same house, each £100. and 
a ring. — To my worthy countryman Henry Newman, E.>q., £'20. — To Miss Hook 
Jacob, £20. — To my good kinswoman Mrs Lloyd of New England, formerly Pember- 
tonand Campbell, £100. —To Dudley Woodbridge, of Barbadoes, £50., for the plea- 
sure I had in his company when in England. — To Commit-sioner Pearse of the Navy 
his eldest son by his former wife, £20.— To Mrs Burr of New-England, a £50. New 
England bill, and, in case of her death, the same to her children, as an acknowledge- 
ment of a civility I received from her husband at the College (I mean that Burr wno 
was schoolmaster of Charlestown) . — To Colonel & Captain Mandell, Swedes in Lon- 
don, each 10 guineas.— To Stephen "Whatley, of Gray's Inn, Gent., my little library. 
— To my brother Dummer of Newberry, £20., New England money, to distributo 
among the poor Indian squaws that may come a begging at his door. — To my sister 
Dummer, her husband's picture set in gold, which will be found in my scrutore.— 
The bulk of my estate I am content should go according to the Act of Assembly in 
New England for distributing the estates of intestates.— To Francis Wilks, £iq., 
the diamond ring I usually wear, and to Mr Samuel Storko my gold watch, and 
I desire them to be my executors. 

Codicil, dated 8-'^ April, 1739. Whereas I executed a deed on the 20th of March 
last to Dorothy Kent and Francis Wilks. conveying to said Mrs Kent a house in 
Clarges street, in consideration of the trouble 1 have given her during a long fit of 
sickness, 1 now revoke the legacy of £100. to her in my will. 



1881.] The Family of Bummer. 269 

This will was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterlniry, on the 1st 
of June. 1739. by both executors, the latter of whom, Samuel Storke, will 
be again heard of as this narrative proceeds. The will was evidently a 
holograph, or written at the dictation of the testator. 

This ends all that I have to say respecting Richard Dummer of New 
England, and I now proceed to the history of the third son of Thomas 
Pyldryra alias Dummer, viz. : 

3. Thomas Dummer. who is usually said to have gone to New England 
in 1G3S, and to have afterwards returned, which I believe not to havebeen 
the case. As I have shown before, he could not have been the Thomas 
who sailed in the '• Bevis " in 1638, at the age of 19. as he had a daughter 
old enough to be married in 16^4. lie inherited from his father the es- 
tate at Chicknell (sometimes called Dummer Park) in North Stoneham, 
where he died in 1650. His will, as of Chicknell, Gentleman, was dated 
12th April in that year, and the following is a full abstract of it : 

To the parishes of Xorth and South Stoneham and of Bishopstoke, each 26 shil- 
lings and 8 pence for the u?e of the poor.— To uiy ^vife, £10— Tu four of my daugh- 
ters, viz. Susan, Hester. Jane and Mary, each £200. at lieraijeof 21 or marriage.— 
To my eldest daughter, Joane Nelson, widow. 20 shillines. and'to her son and daugh- 
ter, Samuel and Mercy Nelson, my grandchildren, each £.50. when 21.— To my sec- 
ond daughter. Margaret Clements, "now in New England, and her child she now 
hath, each £25 —To Thomas, my only son, when of the age of 21 or 24, as my ex- 
ecutors shall see fit, all my freehold-lands in N'jrth Stoneham, or elsewhere, with 
remainder to my said lour unmarried daughters. — I appoint as my executors in 
trust my kinsman John Dummer of Townhill, Stephen Penton oi Winchester, 
Robert Dummer of Durley, Thomas Dummer of Fairthorne and Stephen Dummer 
of Bishopstoke. 

The will was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, on the 
9th of November, 1650, by the said four Duraraers named as executors, 
power being reserved for the said Stephen Penton. 

Of his wife or wives I know nothing. It may be presumed from the 
smallness of the bequest here made to his wife, and the absence of any other 
provision for or allusion to her, that she was his second wife, and not the 
mother of his children. 

The children of this Thomas Dummer were as follows : 

(1.) Thomas Dummer, oidy son, who was not of age at the date of his 
father's will, but must have become so very shortly after, as he evidently 
married late in that year 1650. He may, however, have married before 
attaining his majority, and it was probably at North Stoneham. Of his 
wife I know nothing beyond the facts afforded by the following inscri[ition 
on her gravestone, on the floor of the nave of North Stoneham Church: 

" Here lyeth bvried the byJy of Joane Dvmmer, the wife of Thomas Dvmmer of 
Chicknell Hall in this pavi.sh, who departed this mortal life the 10 day of October 
in ye year of ovr Lord 1665." 

It may be suspected that Thomas Dummer did not maintain the reputa- 
tion of the family for thrift, for on the 8th of March, 1661-2, he sold the 
Chicknell estate, and it passed forever out of the possession of the family. 
He was himself buried at Romsey, Hants, on the 12tli of December, 1665, 
but no will or record of administration of his estate is to be found. 

His children were as follows : 

[1.] Edniaad Dummer, who was baptized at North Stoneham 2Sth Aug., 
1651. He obtained some Government-position, and was sometime of Chatham, 
and afterwards of London, near the Tower. On the 25th of June, 1692, 



270 The Family of Dummer. [July, 

he was appoiuted Surveyor of the Navy. He was buried at St. Andrew's, 
Holborn, Sth May, 1716, but no testamentary record of him can be found. 
By his wife Sarah, who was buried at St. Margaret's. Westminster. 20th 
Feb., 1713-14. he had a daughter Mary, baptized at St. Margaret's. West- 
minster, 28th July. 1680, and living loth January, 1689-90; a daughter 
Sarah, who was buried at Greenwich, 12th April, 1700: and a son Ed- 
mund, who was also buried at Greenwich. 30th March, 1701. 

[2.] Thomas Dummer, who was baptized at North Stoneham in 1655. 
He was afterwards of Loudon, and sometimes called '" Captain." He died 
on the 18th of February, 1727-8, in his 73d year, and was buried in the 
Church of St. Catherine, by the Tovrer of London. His wife Mary died 
on the 4th of March, 1742-3, also in her 73d year, and was buried with 
her husband. He was, so far as can be ascertained, the last male descendant 
of Thomas Dummer. third son of Thomas Pyldrym alias Dummer. ( Both 
he and his brother Edmund will appear again hereafter in connection with 
the question of the Dummer arms.) 

His will, as of Marine [now Wellclose] Square, Gentleman, dated lOth 
January, 1725-6, was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 18th 
March, 1727-8, by his relict Mary, to whom he left all his estate, except 
£50 to his daughter, and £500 each to his five grandchildren, respectively, 
at the age of 21. Her will, dated 26th August, 1742, and proved in the 
same court 10th March. 1742-3, names only her own immediate relations 
and friends. The following legacies, however, refer to names already 
occurring or to occur in this narrative, and may be worth recording : 

" To my cousin Hester Fludd. daughter of the late Mr Henry Hull, or, if she be 
dead, then to her huirband Mr Jonathan Fludd, or, if both be dead, then to their 
children, £50. — To the children of Thomas Carter, late of Southampton, deceased, 
and to their mother, and to my god-daughter Mrs Susanna Andrcics, each a guinea. 
—To my said cousin Hester fludd, £-20. for the use of Mary Hull.— Ho Mrs Sarah 
/fu//, widow, £10." 

They had but two children, viz., a daughter Rebecca, who was baptized 
at Portsmouth, Hants, 20th Septe-nber, 1693, and buried there the 1st of 
October, 1697; and Mary, who married Rev. Ross Ley, Rector of St. 
Matthew, Friday street, London, and one of the Brothers of the Hospital 
of St. Catharine, ■who died 4th January, 1736-7, aged 56. and was buried 
in the Chapel of St. Catharine. She died 3d May, 1746, aged 57, and 
was buried with her husband. Their children were Thomas Ley, who died 
27th March, 1741, aged 30, and was buried at St. Catharine's; William 
Ley, who was living 27th January, 1763, having had apparently only one 
son, William Ross Ley, who died an infant in 1742 ; Elizabeth, who died 
unmarried before 1742, aged 31 ; Rebecca, unmarried in 1735, afterwards 
the wife of Thomas Gwatkin; and Mary, unmarried in 1735, but married 
before 1745 to John Eckley. 

[3.] John Dummer, baptized at North Stoneham in 1658, and 

[4.] Walter Dummer, baptized at North Stoneham in May, 1661. 

Of these two sons of Thomas and Joaue Dummer I find no further trace. 
They probably died yoimg. 

[5.] Mary, oniy daughter. She was living as such 13th January, 1689- 
90, named in the will of her cousin Rev. John Dummer of Ilardwick, bat 
I find nothing of her later. 

The six daughters of Thomas Dummer, third son of Thomas Pyldrym 
alias Dummer, were as follows : 



1881.] The Family of Dummer. 271 

(2.) Joayie, whom I take to have been the passenger of that name in the 
" Bevis," in 1638, accompanying her uncle Richard and the rest of the 
family. She became as early as lG-i-1 the second wife of Thomas Nelson, 
of Rowley, in New England. His will was printed in the " New England 
Historicaf and Genealogical Register" for 1849, Vol. III. pp. 267-8. This 
will was proved in England in tlie Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 21st 
February, 1650-1, by the executor, his wife's uncle, Richard Dummer, 
who must then have been on at least his second return-visit to his old home. 
Her two children, Mercy and Samuel, are mentioned in her father's will, 
and she and they were evidently then with him. She is said to have been 
still living at North Stoneham in 1659, but I do not find any positive trace 
of her, or of her son Samuel. Her daughter Mercy married John Storke, 
a wealthy clothier of Romsey, Hauts, who was twice Mayor of that Cor- 
poration, by whom she had issue John, Thomas, Richard and Samuel 

Storke, and a daughter Mercy, who afterwards married Wheat. Mercy 

Storke died 23d May, 1702.' and was buried the 25th, at Romsey. Chief 
Justice Sewall often mentions the family in his Diary, and, on the loth 
of March, 1688-9 (Vol. I. p. 300), her particularly as "one of the most 
kind of all my relations." On the 9th of March next following her death, 
1702-3, her husband remarried, at Romsey, Martha Baverstock, widow. 
He died on the 19th of December, 1711, and was buried on the 22d at 
Romsey. John Storke. their eldest son, married 3Iary Andrews, daughter 
of Robert Andrews and Susanna Dummer, as I have before related. He 
died 30th November, 1724. aged 55, and was buried at Romsey. Another 
of their sons married a Dummer, as will be seen hereafter. Samuel 
Storke, their youngest son, became a merchant in Loudon, where he died 
6th Sept., 1746, aged 59, but, according to his desire, was buried with his 
family at Romsey, on the 13th of the same mouth. 
The second daughter of Thomas Dummer, viz., 

(3.) Margaret, appears to have married in New England, 25th Decem- 
ber, 1644, Job Clements. I find nothing of her beyond the fact that she 
was named in her father's will, in 1650, as still living there. 
(4.) Susan, and 

(5.) Hester. They were both named in their father's will as living in 
1650, but I am not al)le to identify them, positively, later. 

(6.) Jane, who married Carter, but of whom we otherwise never 

hear. She was named in the will of Thomas Dummer of Swathling, l.Jth 
Jan., 1688-9, with her son Samuel and daughter Hester. Her cousin Rev. 
John Dummer of Hardwick, in his will, dated 13th January, 1689-90, 
mentions her as then living with him, and names her children, Thomas, 
Samuel and Hester. 

(7.) J/ary, who married at Durley, 2d April, 1659, her cousin Thomas, 
son of John Dummer of Swathling. " Her history has been given before. 
She was the '' M. D." who furnished the Genealogy which is in the Intro- 
duction to the " Sewall Diary " before meutioned. It may be noticed that 
she mentioned her two sisters as both named Jane. Probably the name of 
the first one was wrongly transcribed, for it is certam that the grandmother 
of Samuel Storke was Joane. 



72 Was Gov. Leverett a KnigJd ? [July, 



"WAS GOV. LEVERETT A KNIGHT? 

AT the monthly nieetinp: of the Xew England Historic, Genca- 
- logical Society. May a, 1880, the following letter from Mr. 
Tuttle was received and read : 

Letter of CiiAntES W. Tuttle, Ph.D. 

Boston, May 4, 1880. 
Dear Sir : I have to regret that I shall not be able to attend the 
meeting of the society to-morrow, as I intended. 

For some time I have desired to submit to the consideration of the soci- 
ety a proposition looking to a solution of the question whether Jolin Lev- 
erett. governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony from 1673 to 1679. was 
knighted by Charles II. of England. His knighthood is frequently and 
solemnly affirmed as a historical fact in the pages of the Leverett Memo- 
rial, not excepting the title-page of that volume, as if it were unquestion- 
able. 

My impression is that this alleged act of the king never was made public 
till within fifty years past. At all events, this announcement must have 
been received wich surprise by all who knew the history of the king and 
of the governor. 2so one was prepared to believe that Charles II. had any 
such regard for the Puritan Governor, the aider and abettor of Cromwell 
— in overthrowing tlie monarchy — as is implied by conferring on liim 
knighthood, or that the Governor had any such regard for the Cavalier 
king and his court, as to induce him to accept it. And yet the contrary is 
urged, among other thiricrs, to establish the fact of knighthood. 

The affirmative evidence is not strong ; it consists of a single letter of 
business from ]Mr. Secretary Will.'amson to Governor Leverett, dated in 
.August, 1G76, wherein the latter is styled a knight in the address; and 
also a document, now missing or lost, supposed to be the royal letters patent 
conferring this di.-tiiiction. Strange this letter, wherein no mention is made 
of knighthood, excejit a- it appears to the Governor's name in the address, 
should be preserved, and the important bulky Letters Patent creating him 
knight should be lost. 

This is a novel way of conferring as well as proving title to knighthood. 
As to the letter, no one who knows what a great blunderer the secretary 
was regarding American affairs and history, will attach any importance to 
that. How came the secretary, before and after, to forget that the Gov- 
ernor was a knight? U this method of proving right to a title were allow- 
able, one might easily prove, from his files of letters, a title as high as he 
might choo'^e to lay claim, and as various as his fancy could desire. IIow. 
often does blunder or design compliment us in a letter, with a title wholly 
inapplicable and foreiL'n to ourselves! 

Tlie negative evidence is strongly a^rain^^t this theory of knighthood in 
1G7<'.. or any other year in tiie rei:i:i of Charles II. 

During my hi.-torical researches concerning the conquest of Acadia by the 
Dutch in 1674, 1 had occasion to observe with much care the otficial rela- 
tions — and I know of no other — between Charles II. and Governor Leve- 



1881.] Was Gov. Leverett a Knight ? 273 

rett the six years the latter was governor. At no time in this period was 
there anything but antagonism between them. The act of the Governor 
in the spring of 1G75 in dispossessing the Dutch of Acadia, and thereby 
endangering the Peace of "Westminster, was a matter for which he was under 
censure for- several years afterwards at the Court of Charles II. 

'In June, 1676. hardly three months before it is claimed he was knight- 
ed, he treated very curtly in Boston the bearer of a royal letter which he 
read in council, without even removing his hat, scornfully remarking at the 
end that its contents were of little consequence. All this was reported at 
Court about the time the royal letters patent are alleged to have been 
issued. 

Gov. Leverett, as chief magistrate of the colony, is only surpassed by 
the amiable, prudent and accomplished Winthrop. As a military com- 
mander he had no equal during the first, nor perhaps during the second 
charter. His administration is a conspicuous one ; and his memory has 
always been held in esteem and veneration in New England. That he 
ever held any other relations with Charles II. than those known to his 
contemporaries, none will believe who examine into the matter. 

While I, as well as many others, am satisfied that he never was knighted 
by Charles II., as alleged, there are persons who believe otherwise, and 
continue to style him a knight, thereby making confusion in our history. I 
venture to suggest that this important question be referred to the Commit- 
tee on Heraldry, with instructions to report their views at an early day. 

Faithfully yours, C. AV. Tuttle. 

To the Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, Pres't ' 

N. E. Historic, Genealogical Society. 

The subject was referred to the Committee on Heraldry, as sug- 
gested by Mr. Tuttle. We expected to have accompanied the letter, 
in this number, with the report of the committee, but we find that 
we shall be obliged to postpone its publication till the October 
number. 

Mr. Tuttle, when he Avrote the above letter, had not 'seen the 
original of the official letter which he refers to, though he had made 
diligent search for it. He relied entirely on the printed copies, 
which give a false impression. It is but recently that w^e have as- 
certained the owner of the original document. The letter belongs 
to Leverett Saltonstall, Esq., who has loaned it to the editor of the 
Register. From it the following copy has been made by David 
Pulsifer, A.M. : 

Charles R 

Trusty & Welbeloved, Wee greet you well. Whereas wee have been 
humbly informed by the peticou of John Wampas ah White, that he was 
about six months since put into prison here for a small debt, where he hath 
since remained to his utter ruiue. & that he hath a certain parcell of land 
in Massachusetts bay. the which he hath held for many years, having taken 
the Oaths of Allegiance & Supremacy as our subject; and having iuimbly 
besought us to interpose With you, that he may bee restored to his s** lands, 
or have liberty to sell the same for his present reliefe «fe the payment of his 
debts, Wee taking into our gracious consideracou the miserable condition of 

VOL. XXXV. 24 



274 Was Gov. Leverett a Knight ? [July, 

thepef have thought titt to recomend him to you, that he may have Justice 
done him & what favour the matter will fairly beare. And soe Wee bid 
you farewelL Given Att our Court att "Whitehall the 22'^* day of August 

1676 in the 2S"^ yeare of our reigne 

By his 3Ia''" coiiaand. Willi VMSOX. 

[The letter fills one page of a folio foolscap sheet, and except the signa- 
tures of Charles II. and Secretary AVilliamson, is in the hand writing of a 
clerk. It is addressed, in the same hand writing, on the outside of the letter 
after it was folded :] 

To Our Trusty and Welbeloved 
S'' John Leveritt Kn' governour 
of 3Iassachusetts bay in new 
England 
[Underneath the address is a line in another hand writing, probably a 
memorandum of the receipt of the letter by Gov. Leverett. A portion of 
the writing is obscure, but it looks like :] 

Reed y' I'er 7. 2. jvau iG77 

[Savage (Winthrop's Xew England, ii. 245) reads it. " Received 2 June 

1677 ;" and the editors of the 32d volume of the ^Massachusetts Historical 
Collections (page 223) read it, " Eeceived 2 Jan. 1677."] 

This letter has been printed twice before, namely, in 18.34, in the 
Massachusetts Historical Collections, vol. xxxii. page 223 : and in 
18.56 in tlie Leverett Memorial, page 83 ; but in both copies the 
address is printed above the sign manual of the king, whereas in 
the original letter it is on the outside, and appears no where else. 

Last year we sent a copy of Mr. Tuttle's letter to Col. Chester, 
of London, the eminent antiquary, and desired him to ascertain 
whether there was any record of tlie letter in England. The follow- 
ing reply was received : 

124 Southwark Park Road. 
London, S. E., England, 20 .Sent. 1880. 
Dear Mr. Dean, 

I returned from the seaside last week, and have since looked into 
the matter about which you wrote on the 25th August. There was consid- 
erable difficulty in finding the document, as you gave no reference. It is in 
" Colonial Entry Books 
Plantations General 
Vol. 93. A.D. 1GC3-1684," 
at folio 150. It is undated, but follows a letter dated 29th March. 1C76, 
and precedes one dated 14th Dec. 1670. This volume is only an Entry 
Book containing copies of letters written by Secretary Williamson. (See 
my Westminster Abbey Registers, p. 249.) 
In the margin is : 

" To S' John Leveritt gov' of Massachusetts." 

At the end of the letter : 
, " To our Tr- «S:c. S' John Leveritt, Knt. gov' of Massachusetts bay in 
New England." 



1881.] Memoranda ofJosejyJi FariceU of Groton. 275 

The explanation I would suggest is that Williamson was notoriously a 
careless man, and that this was one of his blunders. It seems absolutely 
certain that Leverett never was knighted, or there would be evidence of the 
fact in other (quarters. Sincerely yours, 

Jos. L. Chester. 



ISIEMORAXDA BY JOSEPH FAKAYELL, OF GROTOX. 

Communicated by Samvel A. Greex, M.D., of Boston. 

THE follo\ving memoranda are taken from a small note-book kept 
by Joseph Farwell, of Groton, which has been lent me bv 
Frederic Kidder, Esq., of Melrose, Mass. The first entries were 
made in the year 1710, and relate to Avork done by Far^vell. On the 
fly-leaf is written, "Joseph ffarwell his book if I it luse and you 
it find giue it me for it is mine." The next leaf contains "An 
acompt of y Berth of Joseph farwells Childeren," as follows : 

.Joseph farwell Born August: 5 : 1696 

Thomas farwell Born October: 11 : 1698 

Hannah farwell Bern 3Iay : 6: 1701 

Elisabeth farwell Born December: 31 : 1704 

Edward farwell Born .Julv : 12 : 1706 

Mary farwell Born Feb'^": 1 : 1709 

John farwell Born June : 23 : 1711 
Sarah flirwell born feb^ the 26«^ and died July the 4'" 1721 
Joseph Farwell the son of Joseph and Hannah Farwell was born the : 
24: 5: 1670 

Near the middle of the boo^ the following record is found, in 
another hand writing : 

The Birth of the Children of Joseph Farwell and Mary Farwell who 
wear Married Dece°^ y^ 24 : 1719. 

Anna Farwell Born February y^ 19"" 1721 
Isaac Farwell Bom March y^ C"* 1723 
Joseph Farwell Born September y"^ 20*-^ 1725 
Jonathau Farwell Born May y* 15^^ 1730 
Thomas Farwell Born July'y"' 3r'' 1733 
Olive Farwell Born June y"'24'^ 173.5 
ISIary Farwell Born September y^ 4^^ 1738 
^ Susannah Farwell Bom August y* 8"^ 1742 

Jon' Farwell Departed Life Xou" v* 29 1761 being 30 years & 14 Days 
old 

Isaac Farwell son of -Joseph and IMary Farwell Dep'^ May y* 18"' 1740 
Being 17 year two months and 12 Days old 

Joseph Farwell Juner son of Jo' & Mary Dep* August, y* 27. 1758 be- 
ing 32 years 11 mouths and 7 Days old 

The folloAving notes are found in different leayes, scattered 
throughout the book, as they were left blank by the original writer : 



276 Belief in Astrology in Xew Etigland, [July, 

Joseph Farwell his Bock 1745 

March y* 10"' 17-15 Our men went out of Groton for Cap Prtoon and 
the City was taken y*" 18 day of June 17-45 

August y^ 4* 1745 We Began to sing the psalms in the meeting house 
by Course \_subseqiienthj tlie following icasicritten underneath'] and sang them 
throw August y*^ oO"" 1752 and began and sung the first psalm the first 
Sabbath in September 1752 \_and in another place] And sung the Last 
psalm the Last Sabbath in March 1760 and began and sang the first 
psalm y'= first Sabbath in April 1760 

May lO''' 1749 pece was prochim** in Boston in Xew England 

Groton June y^ 2'J 1750 I was c[h]ose in'° the office of a deacon in the 
first Church in Groton a for said and on the first Sabath July 1750 waited 
on that Duty 

in Groton January the 22. 1750-1 their was a grate storm of Rain and 
wind to that Degree that it Blew down 4 Barns and one house and Rent 
a Grate Number of Barns and other Buldings to that Degree that the oldest 
person Now Living Cant Rember the Like 

May the 22'^ 1754 we Began to Ruis our New meeting House and fin- 
ished it on Satterday the 25'^ 

May y* 30''' 1754 Our Solders went out of Groton to Boston in order 
forts Cumber Land 

August y^ 18 1754 vpon the Lords Day mrs Sarah Dicxinson was 
taken into our Church the first person that was taken into the Church in 
the New meeting House 

November y*" 15 1754 the first Sacremeut of the Lords supper was 
Administred in the New meeting House 

November: y^ 18'^ 1755. their was a tearable Earth quake about 20 
minets after 4 in the morning. 

on Munday the 26 of July 1756 my house was burnt down and the most 
of my house hold s[t]ufi' burnt up \_sahsequenthj the foUoicing teas ivritten] 
and on "Wedensday the 24 of Xouember we mov*^ into the New house 

May y* 24 1758 Cap' thomas ^awrance went out of groton in order for 
Canada and was slain in battle the 20. Day of July 1758 

August, y^ 10 1763 peace was proclaimed in Boston with the French. 

March y* 28. 1766 Zachariah Longley was chosen a Deacon in y^ first 
Church in Groton. 

December y^ 30. 1773 Isaac P'arnsworth and Ben* Bancroft wear cho- 
sen Deacons in the Church of Groton. 

Apriel y* lO"" 1775, the Reggulars Came to Concord & kil^ two men & 
our men followed them to Charlstown &; kil'^ and wounded and took Cap- 
tive Betwen three & 400 



BELIEF IN ASTROLOGY IN NEW ENGLAND. 

Communicated by Jonx D. Champlin, Jr., A.M., of New York City. 

rT'^HE belief in astrology prevalent among our ancestors two centuries 
-J- ago, is well illustrated in the following family record, where the hour 
and minute of each child's birtli, as well as the planetary infiuence under 
which it took place, is carefully noted. This custom of recording the pre- 



1881.] JSTotes and Queries. 211 

cise time of birth is still followed by many who are ignorant that it was 
formerly done to enable the astrologers to construct a horoscope or nativity 
of the person, fj-om which to foretell the events of his life. Thus the usage 
has survived the memory of its origin. 

The Christopher Champlin, who so carefully preserved the record of his 
family, was the son of Christopher,' son of GeotFrey or Jeftrey^ Champlin, 
of Portsmouth, Newport and Westerly, li. I. His wife Elizabeth was the 
daughter of George^ Denison of "Westerly, son of George' of Stouiugton, 
Conn., son of William' of Roxbury, ]Mass. 

Christopher Champlin born Sep-- 20**^ 1684 

Elizabeth Champiiu his wife born Sep ir'> 1GS9 

The above said Chrlstopiicr Champlin departed this life Oct 23^ 1734 and Eliza- 
beth his wife departed this life Nov ye 22^'^ 1749 

The a2;es of their children 

Christopher was born Nov ye 30''' 32 min past 7 in ye mornmg 1707 $ 

Joseph was born Aug ye 4'"'^: 1709 at 8 o'clock in ve morning © 

Elijah was born July ye CO'*' 171 1 Died Feb ye IS'^ 1712-13 

Ann was born March ye 29-^: 1714 Planetary hour $ 

George was born Feb 15''» 1716 Planetary hJur 5 

Elizabeth was born Jan lO''^ 1718=19 Planetary hour ?' 

Thankful was born March 27'^ 1721 Planetary hour $ Died Oct ye 22°'^ 1725 

Lydia was born Nov ye 19-^ 1723 Planetary hour $ Died Oct ye W^ 1725 
. Elijah was born May ye 23-1726 Planetary hour U Died March ye \0"^ 1729 

Jabez was born Aug ye 31=' 172S on the 7^ii day of j-e week 

Oliver was born May ye 12''' 1730 on ye 3''^ day of ye week 

Mary was born June ye 29"' 1731 on ye S'^^ day of ye week at 6 o'clock in ye 
morning. 



NOTES AXD QUERIES, 

Notes. 

Ke-^yxe. — (^Abstract by Stanley Waters from Miscellaneous Records of Supreme 
Court.) — An Indenture made the 10''' day of i\larch in the year 1652 between Ben- 
jamin Kayen of London Esquire, sonne and heire apparent of Robert Kayen of 
Boston in N. £., Esquire, on the one part, and .■Siuieon Smith, Cictizen and Haber- 
dasher, of London, the executor of the last will &,G of Nicholas Jupe, Cittizen & Mar- 
chant I'aylcr of London deceased, of the other part, ifcc. 

Said Indenture mentions a will of said Nicholas dated March 10, 1650, which 
gave to " lovinge Couzen Benjamin Jupe all that his halfe share " in two houses, 
&c. in the Parish of St. Buttolph, Aldgate, London, in the occupation of Ricirard 
English and Edward -Mott, and " a house where a stone cutter did dwell," one of 
said Jupe"s houses having been bought by him and Richard English from one Mat- 
thew Beanes. 

Property also was bequeathed to Anthony and Mary, the brother and sister of 
said Benjamin, which consisted of a share in a row of houses standing in Graved ['?] 
Lane in ye parish of St. Buttolph's without Aldgate in one Rowe in ye occupation 
severally of John Trigge, Mr. Uakman, Widduwe Izard, Widow Borkane, and Mr. 
Chambers ; one Xopher Jupe and one I'homas Evans to be each paid Ten Pounds 
out of the proceeds of said rents. 

Witnesses — Edward Sedgwick, John Heathcote, Benjamin 



Newman and Stone. — From an ancient volume in my possession, once the property 
of Samuel Newman, I copy these memoranda. They may afford a useful clue to 
some genealogical explorer. Uenrv A. IIazen. 

Auburndale, Mass. 

•* Samuel Newman and Hannah Buenkur married May 2, 1089. 
Hannah Newman, Borne February, day 16. lOoG. 
VOL. XXXV. 24* 



^"^^ ^''oies and Queries. [July, 

BathshebaXewman. BoiT.e June daj' 20. 1695. - . . 

Sarah Newman. Borne. X.jvember, dav x!o. 1700. 

Deacon Samuel Newman deceased June Cj! 174t! 

Widow Hannah Newman deceased Sept. -JO 1T5'2 

Nathaniel Stone and ^arah Woodward married Feb. 19 1746-7 

iheir Daughter Sarah, was born Nov. -Jlsr 1747. 

Their Daughter Hannah was born. Feb. 1st [?] 1750. 

Their Son. Nathaniel was Mrn. Sept. Sth 1753. 

Sarah. }«. wife of Natu- Stone was born Decemb^ 21»» 1727 and Died feb 8 1755 " 



Almost a Centexariax— Daniel Rolfe, a very aged man, reputed to be in his 



QCERIES. 

HARRis.-In early days in Ohio, " White Woman's Creek " was a branch of the 
Muskingum, and a town un u was called - White Woman's " 

Can any one tell whence she was taken, or anvthintr about ber'> 

Cleveland, O. - = "ri n -d 

' C. C. Baldwin. 




what were the names and date of birth of his children ''' 

Obad>ah IVa/ker, of the fourth generation from Thomas Walker, of Boston, 
Ma.s. 1050 (Ihomas,' Ihomas,^ Obadiah,' Obadiah^). born in Marlborough, Mass 
mh eaJ "^""^ " ' ^"''''' "* ^'^^' ^""^ '^'^'^ ^^^^ -^''Sust 29, islo, in h7i 

hisIhUdrei'/^'^ ^^"^^ °^ ^'^ ^^^^' ^°*^ ^^^* ^^^^ *^® °^"^ ^°<^ '^^^^ °f ^'''^ of 

Jonathan Elliot and /fanna/i lV/i?e/er were married at Sutton, Mass., April 25 

1749. tanany one give lue their ancestry and parentage? ' f . 



Croydon, N. H. 



Alo.vzo Alle.v. 



WATERMAX.-Bethia, wife of Col. Richard Waterman, 12th proprietor of Provi- 
dence, R. I. Can any one give her maiden name-' 

Richard, Jr and Neriah: great-grands^jns of Richard and Bethia. Can any one 
tell to whom they were married, and give records of family "* 

New Bedjord, Mass. William Hexry Waterhak. 



?^,l;f™Tr-T'J^^"'^'^,- -^^^ "^^^^ "^^ ^^^ marriage of John Pierpont. of Rosbury, 
and ll'^nkful St^.w. which f.ok place sometime between November 17th, 1616 (the 
date of Rachel Bigs s Will) and the year 1649, ^ 

Middktoicn, Conn. jjrs. E. W. N. Stake. 



McCLENACnAN--DRrMyo.ND-BELL.-The Rev. William xMcClenachan. bom in 
Ireland in 1,14 emi-ratta to America in 1736 with a number of Presbyterian fami- 
lies, and settled in P.rt.an ] as their pastor ; thence he remove*] to Yjeor-retown. 
where he remained till 1744 ; thence to Chelsea, 1747-1751, and in 1751 he con- 
formed to the Church of Lngland in Boston. In 1755 he went to London, where 
be was ordained deacon and priest, and returnine to New England settled at Gcor'^e- 
town, Me., as missionary of the .Society for the Propagation of the Go?oel. He re- 
mained m Georgetown from 175G until 1753. He married Anne, daughter of Capt. 



1881.] Notes and Queries. 279 

John and Frances (Bell) Dnimmond, and granddaughter of Col. Patrick Drum- 
inond, of Bath, Me. I am anxious to obtain data relatinn; to his ancestry and life 
in New England, as well as to the ancestry of the Drummonds and Bells, and I shall 
be very much indel>ted to any one who will either supply the required information 
or pive references as to where it may be found. 
Episcopal Hosy'Ual, Philadelphia. Robert P. Robins, M.D. 



Ladd.— I find on the records of the town of Portsmouth, R. I., the will of Jo- 
seph Ladd, dated April IRth, 1669. He names in his will. Joanna, his wife, and 
his children, Joseph, William. Daniel. Mary and Sarah. There is no other men- 
tion of him, nor of any other Ladd upon the records. 

Docs any reader of the Register know who were the ancestors of this Joseph 
Ladd? or where they resided? Was he a descendant of Daniel Ladd who came 
over from London in the ship Mary and John in 1G33 ? 

On the records of Little Compton, R. L, are the names of Joseph Ladd. bom 
1660, and of William Ladd, born 1655. AYere these eons of Joseph Ladd, of Ports- 
mouth, R. I. ? W'arkex Ladd. 

New Bedford, Mass. 



Wanted — Lvformation respectin£r the families of the followinir persons : 
Ezekiel Little, who married in Killingly, CoT^n., 2 ^L'\rch. 17T5, Eunice Eaton. 
Moses Little, who married in Voluntown, Conn., 1770, Hannah Cole, and is be- 
lieved to have removed to New York. 
Joshua and Daniel Little, of Wbitefield, Me., who were born 1760-1770. 
Brainlree, Mass. George T. Little. 



David Sears married Susanna Handy and removed to Rochester, Mass., from 
some town on the Cape previous to 1767. 

Who were his parcnt<, and when and where was he bom? 
He was great-grandfather of the late Maj. H. B. Sears, U.S.A. 
ISewton., Mass. Samttel P. Mat. 



Lee. — Can anyone tell what Lee family in England used the arms, " Argent a 
chevron between three crescents sable"? Are they now used by Lees in this 
country ? s. 

Clark, Ha.nxock;, Trxc— Information desired respecting the parentage of the wife 
of Rev. Thomas Clark, who settled at Chelmsford as successor to Rev. John Fiske 
in 1677. Their daughter Elizabeth married Rev. John Hancock of Lexinirton, 
grandfather of the governor, and their daughter Lucy married Maj. William Tyng, 
of Dunstable, the parents of Sarah Tyng, who married Rev. Thomas Smith, first 
minister of Falmouth, now Portland, Me. 

Portland, Me. John F. Anderson. 



Alice Honour. — I would like to know more of Mrs. Alice Honour, of Watertown, 
who married John Prince, son of Rev. John Prince. Their son Isaac married Mary 
Turner and had a daughter whom he named Honour, but ignorance -pclied it Unner, 
who was born Oct. '26, 1701. rSee Register, xxvii. 363, where the name is erro- 
neously transcribed " Ounso.") She married Francis Loud. Her name Ls always 
spelled " Onner," even on her gravestone. John J. LocD. 

Weymouth Landing, Mass. 

[Her name is given as " Susan " in the Prince pedigree in the Register, vol. v. 
p. 3S3. This is firobably an error in transcribing, as doubtless is also the name of 
the oldest child in the family, given " Aelip," probably written Aeli'-'s. with a 
longs. Her name is recorded " Aallse " on the Hull Records (Register, xxvii. 
362). We presume that it should be Alice, and that both she and her sister were 
named for their grandmother.— £d.] 



280 ^'^otes and Queries. [July, 

Rollins, Bowdf.x, &c. — Inrormation wanted of the family name and anccstora of 
Elizabeth, wife of Benjamin Roilin-;, of Exeter, N. II., married probably between 
1695 and 1700. He died 1740. 

Also of the ancestors of John Bowden, of Exeter, N. H., who married Elizabeth 
Folsom. He died 1765. 

Also of the ancestors of Abigail Kimball, daughter of Christopher Kiniball, of 
England, and wife of Job Prince. He was born 1695. She married second time 
Sylvanus Emerson. 

Also of the ancestors of Deborah Fuller, born 2 December, 1729, married 13 No7. 
1749, Kimball Prince. Her father was Dea. John Fuller, of Barnstable, ^Mass. 

Also of the ancestors of Peter Coombs, of Brunswick or New Meadows, Me., born 
1691, died 30 March, 1763. He is supposed to have come from Gloucester, Mass., 
with his brothers Anthony and John. 

Also of the ancestors of Thomas Berry, of Berry's Mills, Bath, Me. He mar- 
ried a sister of Peter Coombs. Address : G. Cilley. 

Rockland, Me. 



RiDLAXD.— Wyman, in his " Genealogies and Estates of Charlestown, Mass.," 
says William Kidland married Patience Davis, and had issue [Villiam, born Dec. 
21, 1663; Nathaniel, born Dec. 6. 1665; Patience, born Jan. 18, 1667; Joanna, 
born Aug. 16, 1670 ; Mary, born Jan. 9, 1672, and Barnabas, born June 2S, 1679. 
The father died Dec. 2, 1694, aged upwards of 60. Nothing more is known uf this 
family. As there were three sous, it is a little strange that no one bearing the sur- 
name is known in this country. 

There is a large family of the name in the parish of Sandsting, Shetland, and 
the name appears in early London records ; but 1 have found no other branches in 
Great Britain or America. 

Magnus Readian was in York, York Co., Maine, as early as 1717, married Susan- 
na Austin there, and became the ancestor of the Kedlons, Kidlons, and many Rid- 
ley's of New England. Marjnus is a rare name in America, but prevails in tiie Shet- 
land Isles, and I thuik our ancestor came from that country. I shall Le greatly 
obliged if any one can give information of families of the name. 

Saco, Me. G. T. Ridlon. 



Replies. 

DwiNELL. — In examining the communication from 3Ir. \Y. L. Jeffries in the Jan- 
uary number of the REGibTER, pages 34, 5 and 6, being the copy of the *' Town 
Rate of Topsfield "' fur the years 1687-8, 1 was surprised not to tind the name of 
Michael Duanel or Dunnel, who was a resident of Topsfield as early as 1667, and 
continued there until his death, between 29 January, 1710, and March 3d, 1717-18, 
his will being dated 29 Jan. 1710, but not proved until March 3d, 1717-18. 

His eldest son Michael was born 5 Dec. 1670, consequently was about 18 years 
of age when the rate was taken, and old enough to be numbered with the " heads." 

lam satisfied from my investisrations, that the '^Michael Duanet k Sjne"' on 
page 31 of the Register, and " MikeU Dourill " on page 36, are errors tor Michael 
Duanel.^' Andrew M. Haixe. 

Galena, 111. 



Blake and Batchelder {ante, p. 182) .—Among the " Notes and Queries " in the 
April number u( the Register, information is wanted concerning tlie parentage of 
Ruth Batchelder, who married Dea. James Blake, of Dorchester, Mass. xAecurd- 
in^ to the Hampton (N. H.) town records, " Ruth, dau. of Nathaniel Batchilor & 
Deborah (.Smith) was born May 9, 1662." She died Dorchester, "Jan. 11, 1752, 
in the 90th year of her age ;" which corresponds with the date of her birth. 

Vol. xxvii. p. 364, of the Rkuister has an article on the " Dalton and Batcheller 
Pedigree," by NVilliam H. Whitmore, A.M., where is given the full record of 
said Nathaniel Batchelder's children ; but strange tu say, that in the agreement, 
made March 17, 1705J-10, by widow Elizabeth, third wile of Nathaniel, Rath is not 
mentioned in the list of heirs. That she must have lived beyond the above named 
period of time, and became the wife of Dea. James Blake, is very apparent in the 
following abstract of a deed, copied from the records of Rockingham Co., N. H., 
Vol. 47, viz. : " James Blake, joiner, Patience, wid. of Samuel Blake, dec'd, and 
John Spur, yeo., all of Dorchester, Ma.s3. ; Increase Blake, tin plate worker, Roger 



1881.] 2^^ofes and Queries. 281 

Mackiiif^ht, laborer, and "srife Wait, all of Boston, — the said Increase being a child, 
and s'^ James, John, i«amiiel A; \Vait beins grand children of Kuth Blake, late of 
Dorchester, duc'd, ■who %va,s a dauf^hter of Xatlrl Batchelder, late of Hampton, quit- 
claim to John, Simon. Jeremiah, Stephen & Jonathan Batehelder. & Jona. 2*Ioul- 
ton,alIof Hampton, N. H.. all our rights in the estate of s*^ Ruth, as descended 
from s'i Xath"! Batcheldor.^' Dated Nov. 1, 1755. 

By referrinj^ to the Blake Memorial, compiled hy the late Samuel Blake, Esq., it 
will be seen that the above-named children and grandchildren of Ruth are identical. 
VVho, then, could be the parents of Ruth, if not the said Nathaniel (son of Rev. 
Stephen) and Deborah (Smith) ? The deed alone seems to make the matter plain 
and decisive. Perlev Derbt. 

Sakm, Mass. 

Porter (ante, xxx. 360). — My attention has been quite recently attracted to a 
communication in the number of your magazine for October, 1876, in relation to the 
ancestry of Admiral Porter. 

The fomily records of Admiral D. D. Porter, give his ancestry, as the article in 
question states, from an "' Alaander Porter, born in Massachusetts, May 5, 17:27." 

1 am myself somewhat interested in learning more in relation to his derivation, 
inasmuch as I have been fjr several years collecting the Porter families of Connec- 
ticut and Massachusetts, dtrscended from John Porter, who was from England, and 
one of the earliest settlers of Winds'jr, Conn. (1630-5). 

His great-grandson, Daniel Porter, born Nov. 22, 1631, married Feb. 19, 1706-7, 
Mindwell Aleiander, daughter of Nathaniel Alexander (he born at Northfieid, 
Mass., Dec. i9, 1652). whjwas with Capt. Turner, at the '• Falls fight," May 19, 
1676, and was son of John Alexander, who came with his father, George Alexan- 
der, from Scotland, and settled in Northampton, Mass. 

1 am of opinion that the '' Aleiander Porter born in Massachusetts,'" ancestor 
of Admiral Porter, may be of this family. I would be glad of any data elucidating 
this matter. IIenky Porter Andrews. 

Saratorja Springs. 

[Stiles in his " History of Ancient Windsor," p. 754, gives six children of Dan- 
iel and Mindwell Porter,' beginning with Mindwell, born March 26, 170S, and end- 
ing with Alexander, born 5larch"7. 1718-19. These children were, we suppose. 
born in Windsor, Conn. " May not Daniel Porter afterwards have removed to Mas- 
sachusetts, possibly Northampton or Hadley. and had other children ? The Alexan- 
der born 1719 may have died, and another Alexander may have been born May 5, 
1727. See in this connection the Supplement to Stiles's \Vindsor, p. 113. — Editor.] 



AxxoirxcEirENTS . 
Middletown, Ct. — The undersigned is collecting materials for genealogical record 
of the families of Ancient Mid'jletown, comprising the present towns of Middle- 
town, Middlefield, Cromwell, Portland and Chatham. 

Any persons having any information concerning any family thereof, is requested 
to notify Frank F. Starr, 

Ass't Clerk, Middletown, Conn. 



Americans of Rota l Descent. — Charles H. Browning, of Philadelphia, Penn., 
whose work was announce-i in April, 1S77 (Register, xxxi. 225), has issued a cir- 
cular inviting subscriptions and statini'- that he intends publishing a volfime of ped- 
igrees with the above title, giving the descent from Royalty of over 500 American 
families. It will be a royal 8vo. with a complete index, and be sold by subscrip- 
tion at ten dollars a copy. Contributors to the publication fund, who are of royal 
descent, will be entitled, without extra charge, to have their individual pedigrees 
inserted in the work. 



Genealogies IN Preparation.— Pers<jns of the .several names are advised to fur- 
nish the compilers of the-e 2enealogies with records of their own families and other 
information which they think wiin>e useful. Wewouldsugge.se that all facts of. 
interest illustrating the family history or character be communicated, especially 
service under the U. S. government, the holding of other offices, graduation from 
college or professional schools, occupation, witti dates and places of birth, marriage, 
residence and death. 



282 Societies and then' Proceedings. [July, 

Candee. By C. C. Baldwin, Cleveland. Ohio.— It is intended to contain cis nearly 
as practicable all the descendants of Zacclieus Candee, 1670, of Xew Haven. 
A second part will contain sketches of William Pynchon, founder of ."Sprinitield, 
Secretary juhn Ailyn of Connecticut, and Capt. Joseph Wadsworth of Cliarter 
fame — who are ancestors of Candee. Infurmatiuu of all Candees solicited, especially 
in vre-tern Massachusetts and in New Yurk east of Hudson River. 

Ijibby. By Charles T. Libby. Porth\nd. Me. — It will contain all descendants of 
John Libbe (born in England abmit 1600, died in Scarborough, Me., 16S-2), bearing 
the surname, whose record could be procured. It will be necessary for thuse who 
forward information to Mr. Libby, to send it soon after the issue of 'this number of 
the Kegister, as the work will be published in the latter part of August or early in 
September. It will make not less than 600 pages octavo, and will be published by 
subscription at ^5 a copy. 

Lxittrell. By Elston Luttrell, of Oxford, Ala,— Mr. Luttrell wishes to learn 
where the emigrant ancestor of this family settled, and from what port he sailed. 

Porter. By Henry Porter Andrews, "Saratoga Springs, N. Y.— This genealogy 
•will bo devoted to the descendants of John Puner, an early settler of Uurchester, 
Mass., and Windsor, Ct.. who died at Windsor, April 2-2, 1648. It is proposed to 
collect and trace the descendants to this time as far as practicable, and eventually 
to print a volume. A circular containing the early generations has been printed. 

Strecler. By Milford B. Streeter, Brooklyn, N. Y. 



Tow.N HisTORizs I.V Preparation. — Persons having facts or documents relating 
to any of these towns, are advised to send them to the person engaged in writing 
the history of that town. 

Bilk'ica,Ma.ss. — The progress of the History of Billerica, announced in the Reg- 
ister for 1S60, has been delayed by the appointment of the Rev. Mr. Hazen. who has 
it especially in charge, to a position in connection with the American Board of Com- 
missioners fur Foreign Missions. The printing of the genealogical portion of the 
volume is finished, and that of the general history is goin^g forward ; and it is hoped 
that it will be finished during the vear. 

Greene, Me. By Mrs. J. F. Pratt. 375 Broadway, Chelsea, Mass.— She is col- 
lecting material tor a history of this town. Any person having material that would 
aid in the work, will confer a great favor by addressing her as above. 

Mcdway, Mass. — The town has voted to publish a history, and has chosen a 
committee for the purpose, of which M. M. Fisher, Esq., is chairman. 



SOCIETIES AXD THEIR PROCEEDINGS. 

New-Exglaxd Historic, Gexealogical Society. 

Boston, Masf., Wednesday February 2. 1531.— A monthly meeting was held at 
the Society's House, IS Somerset Street, this afternoon at three o'clock, the presi- 
dent, the Hon. Marsiiall P. Wilder. Ph.D., in the chair. 

The Hon. George Washington Warren, chairman of a committee appointed for 
the purpose, reported a series of resolutions on the death of Simeon Pratt Adams, 
who had bequeathed to the society his collection of books, pamphlets, newspapers 
and documents illustrating New England local history, with a legacy in money. The 
resolutions, alter remarks by Judge Warren, who read a letter from George T. Lit- 
tlefield on the character of 5lr. Adams, were unanimously adopted. 

The Rev. Kdward G. Porter, of Lexington, read a paper entitled '• The Mother 
Town of Dorchester," being a historical and descriptive account of Dorchester, 
England, for which Dorchester, Mass., was named. After remarks by several 
members, thanks were voted for the paper. 

John AVard Dean, the librarian, reported as donations during the preceding 
month, 'J7 Vrlumes, 76 pampiilets, and other articles. 

The Rev. Edmund F. Slalter, the corresponding secretary, reported letters accept- 
ing resident membership to which they had Ijcen elected, from Henry S. Russell of 
Milton, and Richard I. Atwiil, Henry A. Church, John 0. Green, M.D., and Tim- 
othy Bigelow, of B(jston. 



1881. J Societies and their Proceedings. 283 

The Rev. Increase N. T^rlios, D.D., the historioirnpher, reported memorial 
sketches of four deceased menihen?, namely, the Hon. W illiam {I. Tiithill. Tipton, 
Iowa ; Henry \Vhite. of New Haven. Conn. ; Prof. William C. fowler, LL.D., of 
Durham, Ct., and Ebenezer Alden, .M.D., of Randolph, Mass. 

March 2.— A stated meeting was held this afternoon at the usual place and time, 
President Wilder in the chair. 

Rev. Charles £. Lord. D.D., of Brooklyn, X. Y., read a paper on "The Hu- 
guenots." Remarks followed from members, and thanks were voted to Dr. Lord. 

The librarian reported 66 volumes and 50 pamphlets received durini: Feljruary. 

The correspondinir secretary reported the acceptances of Frederick L. Ames, 
Boston ; Charles C. Dawson, Lowell : Geor^^e S. Mason, Boston ; John H. Barda- 
kin, Dedham. and Clement Willis, Boston, as resident members ; and Henry Phil- 
lips, Jr., Philadelphia, as a corresponding member. 

.4prj7 6.— A quarterly meeting was held this afternoon at the usual place and 
hour. President Wilder in the chair. 

A communication was read from the Boston Antiquarian Club, accompanying a 
vote of the club recommending to the city authorities, at the close of the present 
lea.se, July 1, 1881, to use the Old State House building for city purposes. It was 
voted to concur in this recommendation. 

The president read an extract from a letter lately received by him from Dr. Au- 
gustus Le Plongeon, in relation to his explorations in Yucatan. 

The Rev. Nathan H. Chamberhiin, of Cambridire, read a paper on " Burgoyne's 
Campaign." Remarks were made by several members, and thanks were voted for 
the paper. 

The librarian reported as donations during March, 63 volumes and 202 pamphlet.<5. 

The corresponding secretary reported the acceptance of resident membersliip by 
the Hon. William Gaston, Boston ; Charles W. Parsons, M.D., Providence ; Curtis 
Guild, Boston ; Fitz H. Jordan, Portland ; William Peirce, Boston, and William 
E. Bright, Waltham ; and of corresponding membersliip by Silas Bent, St. Louis, Mo. 

The historiographer reported memorial sketclies of two deceased members, viz., 
Dana B. Putnam., M.D., and Thomas D. Quincy, both of Boston. 

The Caxtox Historical Society. 

Canton, Mass., March 24, ISsl. — This Society, organized in 1871, held its annual 
meeting this day. The following officers were elected for the ensuing year : 

Presidf.nt — Daniel T. V. Huntoon. 

Secretary — Frederic Endicott. 

Treasurer — Elijah Bent. 

The committee on the memorial watering trough reported. 

That a granite Watering Trough, high enoughi'for hi^irses to drink from unchecked, 
had been erected at the junction of two principal streets in the town, surmounted by a 
lantern which serves also as a guide board. The cost of this trough was about s3(>0, 
which had been contributed by public-spirited citizens in response to a circular 
issued by this societ}'. The inscription on the trough is as follows : " Erected in 
memory of the labors of the A[) ostle Eliot among tlie ludians at Ponkapoag, 10.30- 
1690." The committee further reported that four more granite watering troughs 
were or would be erected iu town within the coming year. 

This society propose to erect throughout the town tablets bearing suitable in- 
scriptions which shall commemorate important landmarks and perpetuate events 
that have made the town historic. 

It has been the custom for the past few years for this society to meet on every 
Fast day and take a walk of from five to ten miles, visiting old cellar holes and an- 
cient boundaries, walking over forsaken roads and sketching old houses. There are 
usually about twenty-five members and invited guests, who go on these field excur- 
sions, and a very enjoyable and instructive day is pasted. 

PoCOMTrCK V.AI.LEY ^IeMORHL ASSOCIATION. 

Deerfidd, Mass., Tuesday, Ftl^. 22, 1881.— The annual meeting was held this 
afternoon. 

The cabinet keeper reported as donations during the year 503 volumes, 137 pam- 
phlets, and 501 miscellaneous articles. 



284 Societies and their Proceedings. [July, 

The treasurer reported $635.06 receipts, and $613.5-2 expenditures, leaving a 
balance on hand of $01.54. 
'The luliowing officers ^^-e^e chosen for tiie ensuing year : 

President — Georae Sheldon. r, , xt -i? 

Vice-Presidents— Rq\. E. Buckingham. Henry Childs, Buflalo, N. 1. 

Secretary and 7Vffl.<;!/nT— Nathaniel Hitchcock. 

Corresponding Secretary— Jit'y. Dr. Cra^vford. 

Counsellors— [lcm\ ^V . Tah oi Pitt?tiekl. Rev. P. V. Finch. Chauncey Brj-ant. 
F. M. Thompson. Frank J. Pratt, John Sheldon of Greenfield. James bi'uth ot 
^Vhatelv, Kev. W. S. Ilawkes of South Hadley Falls, Elisha \Vells, Robert thilds, 
Charles' Jones, Dr. R. xN. Porter, Albert Stebbins of Deertield, and J. D. Canning 
of Gill. 

After the meeting a collation was served, followed by addre-sses, poems, &c. 

Nova Scotia Historical Society. 

Halifax, N. S., Moriday, March 14, 1S81.— A meeting was held in the House of 
Assembly, Dr. Allison in the chair. His Honor the Lieutenant Governor and 
the uiem'bers of both branches of the legislature attended. 

The donations since tlie last meeting were announced. 

The secretary read a paper prepared by Moses de la Dernier, an old settler ot 
Nova Scotia, written in 1795, giving an account uf the customs and manners of the 
ancient Acadians, with remarks on' their removal and its causes. ■ r 

Lieut. -Gov. Archibald delivered an address in which he discussed the question ot 
the expu^^ion of the Acadians in 1755. He also spoke of the proixrcss which this 
Bocietv hau made in building up in so short a time a really great historical ibrary. 
" If we had hunted the Dominion all over." said he, " we could not have found a 
man so fitted fur his work as the present librarian, and Mr. Bulmer has dime more 
in two years to put to-^ether a great collection of books than any librarian in tana- 
da has dune in twentj-tive. We have now 671 volumes of bound newspapers, and 
over 500 unbound— a total of nearlv 1000 volumes, nearly all printed in this Province, 
and coverin'^ a period from 1764 to IhSl. We have a collection ot pamphlets, es- 
tendin.^ from 1772 to date, and numberins over 10,000, and covering aima^t every 
public'question ever discussed. We have books printed in N.wa Scotia as far back 
as 175R, and all ever printed since. Our library, from holding a tenth-rate posi- 
tion a little over a year ago, to-day takes rank as the third in Canada, being only 
surpassed by the great collections in Laval University and the library at Ottawa. 
Our province thou^rh small, has a larirer and better library than the great Pro- 
Tinr^es of Quebec and Ontario. As to its value, I would say that of the newspaper 
collection alone, it would not be possible for the local government, by any suiu at 
their disposal, even to get totrether such a collection should the present one be de- 
Btroyed by fire. These gratifying re-^ults have come about through tne prodigal 
enthusiasm, industry and tact of the librarian, and I feel bound to say that no man 
in his day has rendered the province greater service than Mr. Buhner. 

Remarks were made by the Mayor of Halifax, the Hon. L. £. Baker, and others 
on the work of the society. 

Rhode-Island Historical Society. 

Providence, Tuesday, January 11, 1881.— The annual meeting was held this eve- 
ning, the president, the Hon. Zachariah Allen. LL.D., in the chair. . . . 

President Allen delivered an address reviewing the work of the society during 
the last year. Four members, Messrs. Dorrance, Arnold, Greene and Pierce, have 
died, and twenty-six resident members have been added to the society, which has 
now upwards of two hundred members. 

The Hon. Amos Perry, the secretary, reported the acceptance of corresponding 
membership, to which they had been elected, by Prof. J. M. Hoppin, o>ew Ha- 
ven, Ct. ; J C. Buttre, of New York city, and the Hon. Thomas W . Licknell, of 

Richmond P. Everett, the treasurer, reported that the expenditure^ of the year 
had been .-< 1,300.30, and tlie receipts $1,311.38; cash advanced by the treasurer, 
$48.92. The life membership fund now amounts to $900, tlie interest ot which is 
applied to the current expen.ses. j. _^„„ 

The library committee reported that 740 printed volumes, 3 volumes of manu- 
script.^, several maps and other articles had been added to the library in Ibuv. 



1881.] Societies and their Proceedings. 285 

The standing committees on publication and genealogical research ; the special 
committee to recommend names for new streets where the French army was en- 
camped, and the procurators made reports. 

^n amendment of the c<mstitution was adopted placing the appointment of the 
librarian in the hands of tlie library committee. 

The i'uUowing officers f t the ensuing year were then elected : 

President — Zachariah Allen, of Providence. 

Vice-Presidents — William Gammell, of Providence, and Francis Brinley, of 
Newport. 

Secretary — Amos Perry, of Providence. 

Treasurer — Kiclimond P. Everett^ of Providence. 
Standing Committees. 

On New Members — Albert V. Jenks. William Staples. W. Maxwell Greene. 

On Lectures and Papers — William Gammell, Amos Perry. Cliarles W. Parsons. 

On Publications— -hAm R. Birtiett. J. Lewis Dimnn. Edwin ^I. Stone. 

On Genealogical Researches — ilenry E. Turner, William A. Mowry, Bennett J. 
Monroe. 

On Grounds, ^-c. — Isaac H. Southwick, Henry J. Steere, Royal O. Taft. 

On Audit — Henry T. Beckwith. John V. Walker. Lewis J. Chace. 

On Library — Sidney S. Rider, Horatio Rogers, Thomas Durfee. 

New Haven Colony Historical Society. 

New Haven, Ct., Feb. 10, ISSL — A meeting was held this day at the rooms of 
the society. The following gentlemen were chosen officers for the ensuing year ; 

President— ?vev. Dr. E. Edwards Bcardsley. 

Vece- President — Thomas R. Trowbridge. 

Treasurer — Nathan Peck. 

Secretary — Thomas PI. Trowbridge, Jr. 

Directors— llenvy B"onson, Eli Whitney, E. H. Leffingwell, H. L. Hotchkiss, 
Henry Trowbridge. Charles Henry Townsend, George Petrie, Charles Peterson, 
James M. Hoppin, Joseph B. Sargent, Rev. Dr. Leonard Bacon, E. £. Atwater. 

One hundred and fifty new members have recently joined. 

Virginia Historical Society. 

Richmond^ Saturday, Apnl2, ISSl. — A meeting of the executive committee was 
"held at 8 o'clock this evening at the Westmoreland Club-house, William Wirt 
Henry in the chair, and Robert A. Brock, m the absence of the secretary, acting as 
secretary. 

An interesting memoir of the late George Cooke, the artist, prepared by his niece. 
Miss Adelaide V. Cooke, was laid before the committee by Mr. Valentine. It was 
Toted tiiat the pa[itr be fiubiis'ned. 

liichmend. Mey T. — The executive committee met at 8. P.M. in the Westmoreland 
•Clul^)-house. .Mr. Palmer in the chair. 

An invitation to attend tu& celebration at Spartiin.sburg, S. C, May 11, on the 
unveiling of the memurial column to the memory of the victors at Cowpens, was 
received and accepted, and the Hon. J. L. M. Curry, the Hon. A. M. Keiley, the 
Hon. B. R. Welltord, Jr., Col. Archer Anderson and Col. H. C. Cabell, were ap- 
pointed delegates. 

ARCn.F.OLOGICAL INSTITUTE OF AilERICA. 

Boston, Mass.. Saturday, May 21, IS8L — The annual meeting was held this day. 
The following olBcers were chi sen : 

President— Prul. Charles Eliot Norton, of Cambridge. 

Vice- Preside lit — Martin Brimmer, of Boston. 

Honorary Vice-Presidents— Rev. Theodore D. Woolsey, D.D., LL.r>.,of New Ha- 
ven, Ct. ; Ilm. L. 11. Morgan, of Rochester, N. Y. ; Prof. B. S. Gildersleeve, of 
Baltimore ; Major John W. P,)well, of Washington, I). C. 

Executive Committee — Francis Parkraan, LL.U., of Boston ; Prof. William W. 
Go<jdwin, Ph.D., of Cambridge: Prof. Henry W. Hiynes, of Boston; Ale.xander 
Agassiz, of Cambridire; Prof. William R. Ware, ol Bjston, with President Norton 
and Vice-President Brimmer, ex officio. 

At a subsequent meeting of the executive committee, E. II. Greenleaf was chosen 
secretary, and 0. W. Peal)ody treasurer. A vote of tli;>nks was passed to Secretary 
Blaine lor the active interest he had manifested in obtaining tirmaus in Greece. 
VOL. XXXV. 2o 



286 Xecrology of Historic, Genealogical Society. [July, 



NECROLOGY OF THE XEW-EXGLAXD IIISTOEIC, 
GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY. 

Prepared bj- the Rev. Increase N. Tarbox, D.D., Historiojiiiplicr of the Society. 

The historiographer would inform the society, that the memorial 
sketches which are prepared for the Register are necessarily brief 
ill consequence of the limited space which can be appropriated. ^ All 
the facts, however, he is able to gatlier, are retained in the Archives of the 
Society, and will aid in more e^xtended memoirs for which the •' Towne 
Memorial Fund "' is provided. The first volume, entitled " Memorial 
Biographies," edited by a committee appointed for the purpose, has just 
been issued. It contains memoirs of all the members who died from tlie 
organization of tlie society to the close of the year 18o2. A second volume 
is in press. 

William Lawton. Esq., of New Rochelle, N. Y., a life memljer, died in New 
■ Rochelle, N. Y., April 07, 18-^1, aired 65 yeiirs, 11 mos. and -37 days. 

iMr. Lawton was born at West Point. N. Y., May I, 1795, his. hither \\ lUiam 
: Lawton, M.D., being at that time stationed there as surgeon m the United States 

His fother was horn in the town of Leicester, JIass., April 9, 1759. His grand- 
'%aiher was Dr. Pliny LTWton, of Leicester, and his great-grandfather was probably 
Christopher J. l^nvton, Esq.. a well known lawyer ot Satfieid. Ct. 

ll'u mother's name was Abigail Farrington, and she was born in flushing, L. 1., 
Dec. 1-2, 1703. , , . ■ ^u 

Having this honorable ancestry, he had, nevertheless, to make his way m the 
-world chiefly by his own e3"ort3. At the age of U he became a clerk in tlie ship- 
ping house of John G. Warren, New York city. By reverses in busmess this house 
failed three Years after, but the head of it again went into busine-^^s as a stock and 
cschano-e broker, retaiDinir young Lawton as a clerk. Daring the pro-ress ol the 
3ivar of '1812 he went for a time into the arm v. This was in ISl4, when he was nine- 
teen vears of age. He became a Serireant Major of artillery. After the war had 
closed, he went, in 1817 (being now twenty-two years of age) into busnu-ss for 
himself as a st,,ek and eschan-e broker. He helped to form the first Broker s Board 
in New York, tiodelling it cssentiallr after one which had been recently organized 
in Piiiladelphia He himself was one of a conmittee to visit Philadelptua to ascer- 
tain its plan and methods. That board originally consisted of twenty members, in 
1870 it enrolled upon its list not far from 11(>0 members, and the fee for member- 
ship was very high. At that time (1870) only three remained oi the original 
twenty. One cf these three died .soon after, and Mr. Lawton was prohaUy the 
latest survivor. Mr. Lawton retired from the business ot the otiice in Ifcb/, but 
Ptill retained his connection with the Stock Board. He became a resident ot ^ew 
Rochelle, New York, in 1814. -n ti- ^ ^ <= • f 

Mr. Lawton was admitted a resident member of the N- E. Hist. Oen. Society 
April 12. 1870. and made himself a life memt,er Jan. 6, 1875. He was present at 
the monthly meeting of the society in Jieptemher last, and greatly interested his iel- 
low-members by a recital of some imp')rtant reminiscences of liis life. 

Mr. Lawton gave his name to the New Rochelle, or Lawton Blackberry, and this 
is certainly one^of the pleasant ways of going down to posterity. " It is also claim- 
ed for hiiu that he built the hret railroad in the country for the accf)mmodation ot 
passenirfrs as well as freii,'ht— tiie .Schuylkill Valley Navigation and Railroad tum- 
panv— and was a shareholder in it at the time (jf his deatli.'" .. >- r> 

He marritMi .Maria Rachel (iuion, daughfr of Frederick <^;-'ion,^ot Vw Ro- 
chelle, a descendant of an old Huguenot family. She died .\ov 2.j. ly,2 lie 
leaves three sons and two daughters, namely: 1. Julia, wife ot W ilnam U ilson 
Lawton, of San Franci-eo, Cal. ; 2. Frank/in, of San Franci-co, marri.'d Augusta 
Ransom; 3. Cornelia EllH. wife of Joseph Marshall Carville : 4. Mann, yii\eot 
Edmund H. Ildswell, of New York city ; 5. J. Warren, counsellor at law, iSew 
York city. 



1881.] J^ecrology of Historic, Genealogical Society. 287 

Thomas Dexnie Qui.vct, Esq., of Boston, a life member and benefactor, ■was born 
in Boston, June 1, 1SU7, and died at Aiken, S. C, whither he had gone in search 
of health, March 18. ISSI. 

His father -vvas John Williams Quincy, born in Boston, Feb. 19, 1709, and his 
mother was Abigail Atkius, daughter ot Silas Atkins, of Boston, and born Aug. 
10, 177-3. 

His first American ancestor was Edmund Quincy, who with his wife Judith came 
over from England in company with the celebrated John Cotton, and landed at 
Boston, September 4, 1633. He with his wife were admitted to the First Church 
in Boston in November, 1633. The only san of the founder was also named Ed- 
mund. He settled in Braintree, and from tiiat time onward Braintree and Quiney 
have seemed to be the cradle of the race. The name Edmund has been repeated 
from generation to generation. Four Edmund Quincys have been graduated at Har- 
vard College. Thelast Harvard Quinquennial shows sixteen graduates of this fam- 
ily name, all of whom probably are descendants of Edmund Quincy of 1633. The 
name has clung close to Boston and its immediate neighborhood. We do not find 
any college graduate of this name from any New England college except Harvard. 
The nanie Quincy was an honored name in England centuries betore Edmund 
Quincy came to these shores. 

The subject of this sketch was united in marriage July 17, 1S49, to Julia Child 
Bradford, daughter of William B. Bradford. From this marriage were two child- 
ren, a son and a daughter, named from the father and mother, Thomas Dennie 
and Abigail Atkins Qamcy. The mother and children survive. 

Mr. Quincy was a merchant of high standing and character. One who has known 
him long and intimately hears this most honoraOle testimony respecting him : •* Mr. 
Quincy united early in life with the Park Street Church, but for nearly thirty years 
has been a member of the Second Ciiurcii, Dorchester. You can say ot him with 
truth, that his life and character were remarkably consistent; what he was at one 
time he was always. Quiet, rigidly upright, faitliful in business, cordial, devout, 
a reliablt- eiiristiau man, interested in all gojd enterprises, and constantly and free- 
ly contributing to tiiem, he was one who, while he made no display or attracted 
much attention, led a life of rare honor and usefulness, best esteemed by those who 
knew him best He was for a long series of years treasurer of the Boston Sea- 
man's Friend Society."' 

Mr. Quincy was admitted to the Society June 7, 1870. His son Thomas Dennie 
Quincy, Jr., was admitted the same year. 

Tnc names of the early New England settlers have been subject to the widest va- 
riety of fortunes. Some names that were here, in good numbers, in the fiist gene- 
rations, have become almost extinct among us. Some that were anciently in high 
honor liave become common and iuconspicuims. Others have been rising from com- 
parative obscurity to prominence and dignity. Others still have kei-»t the even 
tenor of their way. rhe names Adams a"nd Quincy have been much associated. 
As family names in this vicinity they have kept their honorable phice and standing 
from the first ^aw England generations until now. They have repreeented, at 
difiierent periods, a large measure of dignity, ability and worth. 

The Rev. William Grigsox, M.A., of Whinburgh, England, a correspondine 
member, was born at Saham Toney, Norfolk County, England, Nov. 25, IbOy, and 
died at Norwich, England, October G, 1879. 

His father, Edward Harney« Gri-^on (William;* Robert," M.D. ; Rev. William,' 
A.M.; Robert;- Bev. William,^ M.A., in^^t. rector of Hardingham. co. Norfolk, 
Sept. 5, 15S4), was born at West AVretham, Norfolk Co., M.\y 19, 1767, and died 
June 15, 184:3. His mother was .Mary, the eldest daughter of Thomas Shucklorth 
Dixon, and was born August 7, 1791, and died at Saham Toney, Feb. 25, 1881, at 
the age of ninety. 

Rev. Mr. Grigson was married to Margaret, the third daughter of James Hales 
of Norwich, attorney at law. She was born Nov. 25, 1817, and was living March, 
1881. By this marriage there were children— 1. William Shucklorth, born April 
15, 1845. 2. Edward,' born September 2, 1846. 3. Barbara Lucv, born Dec. 10, 
1847. 4. Mary Hales, born Nov. 21, 1«19. 5. Ellen Margaret, born Feb. 22. 1851. 
6. Francis, born August 4, 1852. 7. Katharine, born Jan. 24, 1855. 8. lia.seley 
Hales, born March 26, 1856. 9. Robert John Hales, born March 20, 1853. Of 
these children all of the son.s are now living. Of the daughters, Ellen Margaret 
died unmarried, July 26, 1874, and Katharine died in early infancy. The other 
two are living. *. 



288 j^ecrolocpj of Historic, Genealogical Society. [July, 

^Ir. Griason •was educated at Corpus Cliristi Cullej^e, Cambridge, recelviua; his 
degree of B.A. in 1833. and ufM.A. in 1S36. His education belbre entrance al col- 
lege had liad been at Ely and Kin>i"s Lynn Grammar J^chools. lie was. tor s Jiue 
time after bis graduation at Camhrid^re, Felluw <ji the Cambrid<:e Pliilus.)phical 
Society; and was Rector of Whinliuri^h witii Westfield, Norfolk CoLinry, lor more 
than tliirty-three years, viz., from December 15, 1813, to .March -26. 1877. lb; tlien 
resigned, and afterwards presented his eldest son. the Rev. William Shuekforth 
Grig-on, who now tills the same office. It is trom this son that the details just given 
have been chiefly obtained. 

Rev. Mr. Grigson was thoroughly interested in genealogical studies, and furnish- 
ed for Burhe's Landed Gentry the particulars of the ancestry of his father, Edward 
Harney Grigsun. 

He has also been joint editor with Capt. AV. E. G. L. Bnlwer, and G. A. Carthew, 
Esq., F.8.A_. (alter the death of the Rev. G. H. Dashwood,F.S. A), of the ljr>3 Vis- 
itation of Norfolk. This work was begun several years ago by Mr. Dashwood, and 
is still in process of publication. 

He was admitted to membership March 15, 1859. 

The Rev. Alex.^ndkr Hamilton Vinton, D.D. This distinsuished divine died 
April Sfi. 1881, in Philadelphia, at the house of his friend, Mr.Xemuel Coffin. 

He was born in Providence, R. I., May 2. 1807. His early plan of life was to 
follow the medical profession. Accordingly, in ISifi, after spending^ three years in 
Brown University, his name appears on the catalogue of Yale ColleL'^e as u medical 
student, and his place of residence then was Poinfret. Conn. In 1828 he received 
from Yale College the title of M.D., and for three years piactised as a physician in 
Pomtret. Then the plan of his life was changed, and he entered the Episcu'pal I'lieo- 
logical Seminary in New Yi>rk in 1832. and after finishing his studies received or- 
dination at the hands of Bi,-h<ip Onderdonk. Entering upon his prole-.-ion. he 
preached at .St. Pa