(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "The New England historical and genealogical register"

Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center 



http://www.archive.org/details/newenglandhistor1886wate 



ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 1833 01723 9481 



GENEALOGY 
974 
!n42NA 
1886 



NEW- ENGLAND 

|)i$torica( anb ^eiicabgical Jcgistcr. 



PCELISHZD QTJAETERLT, Br TH3 



FOR THE YEAH 1886. 



VOLUME XL. 




BOSTON: 

PUBLISHED AT T4IE SOCIETY'S HOUSE, 18 SOMERSET STKEET. 
Peixted by David Clapp & Sox. 

1886. 



^ S9;i;'9 



Committee bu Uubliatioit, 

18 8 6. 

JOHN WARD DEAX, WILLIAM B, TRASK, 

LUCIUS R. PAIGE, HENRY H. EDES, 

EDMUND F. SLAFTER, HENRY E. WAITE, 

JEREMIAH COLBURN, FRANCIS E. BLAKE. 



CBitor, 
JOHN WARD DEAN. 



GENERAL INDEX. 



Index of Names of Persoxs at the end of the Volume, 



Abstracts of "U'ills and Deeds. (See Tfalers's Gen- 
ealogical G.'eanins-s and FFil/s and Deeds.) 

Address (Annual) of Prejident Uilder, 13S 

Andrews Genealug-y, 21 

Ardeley, co. Ilenfurd, England. Eitraca from the 
Pariah Re^istrrs of, 274 

Anns, or Armorial Bearings. (See Coats of Arms.) 

Atwell, family query, 210 

Autographs. (See ILlustrations.) 

Bancrofc's California, note, 409 

Baj'tisms and Deaths. (See Records.) 

Bartlert Family, 13;j 

Bartlett Bible and its Record, 203 

Bictnell Family, note on 2.J0th Anniversary of, 111 

Biographical Sketches. (See also :iecroiogy.) 

John Burge, 260 

John SaltoLsull Clark, 131 

Abraham B'irth. iZh 

Samuel Ward Francis, 347 

John Hassam. 1)2 

Tathill Kin-, 347 

Belief Moiilton. 239 
. p^ Albert l/juis Richardson, 425 
\^ James Murray Rbbins, 240 

John LangJon Sibley, 240 

Henry Steveus, 347 

Kobert Kiddle Stodart, 348 

TTilliam John Thorns. \Z'i 

Kdward Tuckerman. -343 

Sama-1 Walsx.Tih. 3i3 
"Bishops' Certificates'" Records, noie on, 205 
Book Notices — 

Amory's Life Sir Isaac Coffin, 344 

AndreiTs's Andren-s Family, 234 

Antiquarian, The. 233 

Antiquary, The (1^S6), 230 

ArchK' 'l.jgia Americ ma, Tol. II. 123 

Ashton's Ads-cntures and Diicovenea of Capt. 
John Smi'h, 127 

Bancroft's History of Me.xico. Vrl. V. 127 

Banks's Sketch Col. Al-:.^nder Rigby, 124 

Barthjldi's status of Liberty, Paris, July 4 
18.S4 

Bodge's Narragansett Fort Fight (167.5), 231 

Boyoton's .\merican Boyntoa Directory, 423 

Brothier Family, 423 

Buck's Hist .rv Mil^-auk'>e, \<\i., Y.ol. IV. 420 

Bureati of EdueaiioD, C. S. Report, 1S83-34, 
227 

Butler's Fannington. Me., 230 

Cambridge L'niver:?ity (England). Admissions to 
the College of St. John tQe Evangelist. Part 
1.343 

Cleveland's Excerpts from Hitchcock Geneal- 
ogy, 423 

Condit'i Cop'lit G'ner.logy, 229 

Connable's Cu inabell Family, 233 

Cocain Famil/, 344 



Book Notices — 

Connecticut Colony Public Records (176S-17i2\ 

231 
Cutts, Lord John, letters to Ccl. Joseph Dud- 
ley, 202 
Davis's account of the Chapel of Toxteth Piirt, 

Liverpool, 337 
Douthwaite, Grain's Ian, its History and Abjo- 

ciatioDS. 422 
Eele's Pen; sylvania Genealogies, 341 
Eaton's Eaton Finiily, 234 
Education, '• Monthly Magazine," 2-33 
Ely's Ely Genealogy, 233 
Emmanuel College, SOOth Annirersary Con- 

memrration, 121 
Emmertoa'j Eighteenth Century Baptisms in 

Silem, 34 4 
Fairhok's Costume in England, 227 
Force's S LPie Observ.itiocs on the Letters of 

Amerigo Vespucci, 127 
Freuch's Wi'iiacjs Family, 234 
Genealogcal Gleaiiings in England, No. 5. 123 
Gerou'd Genealogy, 123 
Qoodeli's Final Notes on Witchcraft in Massa- 

chus-etts, 124 
Goo<lriciie'5 G-'":<iricke Family, 120 
Goo<lwin's Discourse, Eighteenth Anniversary 

Occupation of Fort Dearborn, Dec. 18, 1S53, 

421 
Goodwin's Provincial Pictures by Brush and 

Pen, 421 
Ooold's Portland in the Past, 340 
Greenwood's Rainborowe Family, 345 
Hardan's Suggestion as to the origin of the 

Plan of SaTiiinah, 127 
Harris's Nevr Englar.d Royalls. 130 
Uaitford Couuty, Conn., Memorial History, 418 
Harcwell S^ond Family Reunion, 129 
Harvard Uijiversity Memoirs [1S30], 420 
Hickox's Bibli-.^raphy of Writings of Franklin 

B. II u,-h, 423 
Hayden's llivden Genealogy, 129 
Hoharl'j II b'^rt Genealogy, 344 
Holmes's Parish and Manor of NVookey, 342 
Hull's Siege and Capture of Fort Loyall, 225 
llannewelrs Imptriai Island, 3.3S 
Ilurlbat's Samuel de Champlain, 123 
HutciiiTiS's lloichins Genealogy, 234 
Iiitermt Ibie des Ch'^rchcars e: Curieux, 125 
Jameson's ULscory Medwiy, Mail. 418 ; Miji- 

tary Hist, ry of, 41S ; Bi .graphical and Gene- 
alogical Reoi,Td3 of, 418 
Jordan's Leijbton Genealogy, 129 
Kansas State Historical Society Tranfactioci, 

Vol. III. ir) 
Kidd-r's KM ler Ftimily, 4-23 
Kimh.iU's Kimball F.imily, 233 
Lace'i Uamp'ioa Laoe Familjr Memorial, 130 



IV 



General Index. 



Book Nolkes— 

Larcei, Kilwin Channin?, Memorial of, 339 

Lee F.tniily Gathering. C33 

Marshall's Extracts ' Pirish Register Ardeley 
County, b'njjlanil, 423 

M'Ar3h;ill'i Misc-illanea Marescalliana. Vol. II. 
Part I. 129 

May's Doubts concercinj the Sears PedkTee, 423 

Memoires de L'ACiiii-'tnie des Sciences de Tou- 
louse, Tom. VII. 22S 

Moore's Prytaneiim Bostoniense, 124 ; Second 
Paper, 417 

Morris's Bontecou Genealogy, 129 

:jIorriitowD (N. J.) Kecori (Monthly), 419 

Musical Record, Tne, 421 

Ners Ne!T Family. 3U 

Nirth, liev. S;meo:i, Memorial of, 339 

Northern Notes and Q leries, Vol. I. No. I. 422 

Northeua's .address b^fjre the Essex Bar Asso- 
ciation, Dec. 8, 16-i5, 22^ 

Painter Staiaers, some accjant of the Worship- 
ful Company of, 229 

Pascoe's London of T.>day, 341 

Pa.\tou's Marshall Family, 233 

Perin's Perrin Genealogy, 129 

Perkins Family, Boston Braach. 234 

Perry, Commodore, Inaujuratiun of Statue, 
Newport, R. I., Sept. 10. ISSo, 123 

Peyton's Olasse of Time, 22d 

Phillips's Phil'ii.s G;:;-.al.;'i;ies, 129 

Robertjoa's Chase Family, 234 

Boberts 'q's The AtL-mp-.s male to separate the 
■\Vest fiom the American Union, 126 

Eobinsoii's Giiiealogcai Nutei, No. I. Ancestry 
of U. S. Grant, 129 

Ro"rae Genealogy, 129 

Root's Feanor Family, No. I. 423 

Salisbury's Fimily Memorials, 125 

Sands Gene ilogy, 423 

Sarsent'i Cushiuij's Island, 232 

Eh.irpe's Sketch Gor.-e Latising Taylor, 422 

Plafter's Chairs of N-'JT E::!3''.auJ Governors, 123 

Slaughter's Colcnial Churcti iu Virginia, 122 

Soiveley's Sniveley Mcmcraada, 129 

Souther Family, 345 

Southern Bivuuac.The. Vols. I. and IL 343 

Staples's Notes on tt. Bcto ph, 252 

Stebbias's litebbins Gea.ai'.p'y, 345 

fitiles's Kec rd of Ki^.^s Cuunty and City of 
Br,>o Jyn, N. Y. 224 " 

Thur-tou Family ikcuai..in, 129 

Titui's Wiswall Geneal igy, 234 

Todd's Life and Letters ^f Joel Barlow, 335 

Torrey's Torrey Gen'ralo.r'Cril Notes, 234, 423 

Iruro Eap:i-ms [l711-l5'jJj,231 

Upham'.* Cph am Faiiiily. Zji 

Upton's Lptoa Family, 345 

Tlrgiriia IlijtoriOdi Society Publications, Vol. V. 
313 

Vosc'i Sketch of Loammi Baldwin, 123 

Wateri-Chester— Cheaters of Blaby and Weth- 
ersfie!'l,42J 

Watera's J jhii Harvard and his Ancestry, 123 

Wat-rs's G;::ealo„ical Gieaaings, VoL I. Part 
I. liJ 

Weeks 3 Wec',ces Qenealigy, 129 

W'iuthroj/s Memoir of Hoa. Liavid Sears, S44 

Woburn (M^ss) Ui=t'jr,cal Sieich, 126 

Wood's \> o'id GjnealOjTy, 129 

Wyomi.ag ILstvrical aad Genealogical Sjciety 
Proceedings, Vol. U. Part I. 123 j Pan U. 
419 

Wyoming Valby Fami'ies, 120 
Book PUtf, lieraldlc, early Ne.v England and New 

York, 2'.' 3 
Boston, I;i Win naru"3 of and their meaning, 94 
Bradley, <; ; .-.-.■, qu ry, 323 
Bradstreet, 'lU-rry, 107 
Braiatree itec;r;3, notice, 32o 
British St-uii,. f r .Am. nc.i, 1755, 105 
Brijcklebaiilt, Capt. .■■amuci, and his company, 100 
Brou,;hton, a^te 1U6 
Bruib, Cre.iD, ijnery, 100 ; reply, 211 
Burchard F .1.1 ,y, fragment o:, Vi<i 
ByttewocJ Fdmily of South Carolina, 299 



Chester's (Col.) Oxford Matriculations and Marriage 

Licenses, note. 111, 211 
Charc'a Bells of cuffjlk, England, 111 
Clarke, Ei:2abeth, query. 210 
Coal ar? j Iron in Virginia, note, 409 
CuaLs of .\rm3. (See Illustrations.) 
'•Ccicmbia," the name, 310 
Corb a, rvp y to query, 110 
Cuaa.ii:.^!. reply to query, 110 
Cunciaghim, William, query, lOG 
Gushing Inscription, note, b22 

Deaths (current), 131, 239, 347, 425 

Dedham Ktcords. notice of, 326 

DenuysviUe Centennial, riote, 409 

Depccitions — Cowell, Edward (1675), 400 : Cooper, 

Joseph (.1700), 63 i tfcott, Elizabeth (lidS), 63 ; 

T-.rry. I'hilip (1040), 62 
De Wuif, query, 407 
Dexter. L^rd Timothy, life of, 3S0 
Doni;=.iay Cek-bratio.a, no:e. 4U3 
Dorchester, early matters relating to the Town and 

the First Church, 253 
Driver, Kichard, query, 210 

Eagle, the, as a symbol of America, note, 323 
Ear.y New England and Netr York lleraUic Book 

i'lates, 295 
Early .^m-rican Engravers, brief notices of, 204 
Eaton, Nathiniel, the first i'rincixjal of Harvard. 

Ske:ch. 2J4 
Egertju Ml. Papers 2395, 175 
Ellis, Francis, note, 324 
Euglai^d. \Vate:s's Genealogical Gleanings in, 34, 

Ibi, o'.O, 362 
Engraviags. (See Illustrations.) 
Epitaphs. (See [ascriptions.) 
Essex Institute, New Liddiig for, note, 403 

Farmingtoa (Conn.) Church Records, 31, 155, 359 

Fire iu G iion, 1775, note, 106 ; reply, 211 

Fitch, qv.vry, o24 

Fktcher Family Re-uriion, cote, 212 

i'orty ye^rs of the Uegisier, note, 403 

Gardner. Thomas, query, 3.4 
Genealogies — 

Anar^vs, 21 Rainsborowe, 152 

Bar: et;, 97 Rasiag, 365 

Burchan (fragment) fcears, 231 

i)o ScA-ail, 47 

Evthewood, 299 Upton, 147 i 

Il'itjho >ck, 307 Walou.;aby, 60 

tl.rnT, 47 Wlsvvall, oS 

Jo^ir.yn, 290 "VV right, 2a0 

Pote, IS 
Genealvgi-s in preparation — 

Adaius,~xx.x;i. 345; Allen, cnvfr Oct. 1572; An- 
dreffi. i.vv. 192, x.x.xix. 293, 391 ; Acg;;, cover 
Jan. l^o9; Anthony, xxxi. 221; Avery, eoter 
Julyliio; Axtell, xjcxu. 242 ; Ayii.svruraj,xxxy. 
91 
Babc:K:k, xxxvi. 410 ; Bagg, xxvi. S3 ; Eaker, 
XXX.i. 427, -X.XXVi. 326; lialdwin, XX.Xiii. 24-3; 
Bal ari, xl. 112 ; Balbu, xxxviii. So ; Barlow, 
coler July 1S70; Barrett, cover July 1570, 
xxxix. 293 ; Barton, xx.xiv. 412 ; aaisett, 
x.KXviiL 346; Bennett, x.xxiv. 103 ; Beasoa, 
coitr July 1870 ; Billings, xxxviii. 6io \ iiing- 
ham, xxxii. 212 ; Bin^iey, xxxviii. 232, si. 32s ; 
Blake, x.xxii. 242 ; Boardman, coi;«r July 1S78 ; 
Coilge, xxxvii. 312 ; BoyJen, xxxiii. ■.:45 ; K .yn- 
to.i, xxxvui. 232; bie.kenna.i^e, x.xx.L 427; 
Brte 1, xxxviii. 316 ; Br/vru, xl. 40J ; Bruce, 
xxx.i. 4j7 ; BuUley, xxvii. I'JO, xxiX. 321; 
Bui ci h Of Lurley, x-xxu. 427, xxxvlii. 367; 
Bu.hacil, xxvii. 190; Butt rlielJ, x.xxiX. 2',^3 ; 
Ca'tll, xx.Xii. 427 ; Calef, xx.i. 4:ii ; i.'axpoeil, 
xx.vij. 242, xxxi. 220 ; DaDd.-e, xxxv. 2'52 ; Car- 
pe..t r, xxxiii. 444; Carriui.;lo.i, xxx'.i. 427; 
Carter, .xxxiv. 316, xxxvi. ZJj, x:. 323 ; C!ia2'(.-«, 
X.x.x.'ii. ui-, .v.v.wiii. 34-) ; i,h.ii, il-r. cocf r Jdly 
1570 ; Ciap1ua.11, xx.v..ii. 3*7 ; CLiaje. xxxiv. 
412 ; CLe:ier, x.xxi. 429 ; Ciii i=ey, xxxii i7 ; 
Chrigtiac, xxxii. 427 J Churchill, xxxvm. 347 ; 



General Index. 



Genealogies in preparation — 

Churchman, xxxii. 97 ; Chute, xxxvii. 312 ; 
Clarke, cover l5G9, xxxv. 3Sr. xx.wi. 410 ; CUy, 
xxxvii. -jOS ; Cleaveland, xxxi. 220, xxxv. 91, 
xxxv:. 85, xxxix. 301 ; Cudman, xxxviii. 
86; Coi:g<;3haU, xxxvii. 312 ; Coi.f.'s*«'ell, xxx7. 
SS7 ; Cumint, xxxii. 97, xl. 212 ; Coley, xxxvii. 
205 ; Corliss, xxviii. cover xxx. 409, xxxi. 3.'!4, 
xxxri. 410 ; Cragie. xxxii, 97 ; Crai.e, x.Kviii. 
470 i Critcenden, xxxii. 427 ; Crosby, xxxix. 
194 ; CumminL'S, xx.xviii. 233 ; Cunnabell, 
xxxvii. 407, xxxix. 2C'3 ; Curtis, cover October 
XXiii. ; Cutler, cover July xxiv. 

Damon, x.xxv. 3S7 ; Dar.forth. xxxii 445; Daven- 
port, xxxi. 223 ; Dennet, xxxiii. li^9 ; liennison. 
cover Julvxxiv.; Dod.-e, xxxii. 242, 343, xxxvi. 
S6, xxxviii. 86 ; DouV.leday, xxviii. 109 ; L'l-ug- 
lass, xxx. 464, xxxi. 220 ; Dowd, xxxix. 294 ; 
Dupuy, xxxvii. 205 

Eaton, xxxvi. SO ; Kdes, xxiv. 426 : Ellis, xxxvi. 
326; i-liut, xl. 113 ; Ely, xxxiii. 357 ; Emerson, 
xxxv. 91 : Ensign, xxxvi. 86. 87 ; Estabrook, 
xxxix. 294 ; Evans, xxxiv. 412 

Farley, xxxvi. 87 ; felt, xxxvi. 326 ; Fetlier, 
xxxix. 391 ; Fitch, xxvi. 434 ; Fletcher, xxviii. 
470; Flourney, xxxii 427 ; il'^yd, xxxii. 427; 
Folsom, xxxiii. 243, xxxvi. 190 ; Foster, xxxii. 
87, xl. 113 ; Fossler, xxxiii. lUO ; Fuller, coier 
Oct. XXiii. 

Garland, xxxii. 427; Genn, xxxiv. 200; Gleascn, 
xxxvi. _S7 ; Gibson, xxxiv. 103, .016 ; Gilmer, 
xxxii. 427 ; Gxidard, xx.xvii 312 ; Goode, 
xxxviit 233, 312 ; Goo-ihue, xxxviii. 86 ; 
Goodrich, xxxviii. S6, xl. 213 ; G.ouricke, 
xxxix. 84 ; Goodwin, xl. 32S ; Griawold, xxvii. 
190 ; Guild, xi. 323 

Hack, xxxii. 243 ; Hale, xxix. 109, xxxiii. 110, 
xxxv. IS 4 ; Hall, xxxiv. 310 ; Uarmoo, x.K.xvji. 
S32 ; Ilarned, xxxii. 97; Harris, xxxvii. 013, 
Xl. 112; Uast, xxxii. 427 : H.iy^kard, xl. 213; 
Hazen, xxxiii. 109 ; Heuld, x.\x;x. 1 '4 ; Henrj, 
xxxii. 97, 427; Hepburn, xxxii. 9V ; H'Tiicii, 
xxvii. 421, xxxvii. 205, 107, xxxviii. 233, 347 ; 
Hoes, xxxii. 97; Hoi. ister, xxxvii. •.05; 11 p- 
kins, xxxv. 91 ; Hoyt, caier July xxiv. ; Ho'.v- 
land, xxxiv. 200; Hubbell, xxxii. 427, xxxiv 
412; Hu!icg, x.xxvi. 410; Hull, cover Oct. 
XXiii. ; Humphreys, cover July xxiv. ; Hunt- 
ington, xxvii'. 193 ; Uuiuon or Huutoon, cover 
Oct. xxi.i. ; Hurlbut, xxxvi. 320 

J»cobs, xxxv. 91 ; Jeisup, si. 113 ; Johnston, 
xxxii. 427 

Kenney, xxxv. ISi ; Kidder, xl. 213 ; Kimball, xl. 
113; Kiij2-sbury, xxxiv. 103; Kcisht, xxxiv. 
103 ; Kauwlton, xxxii. 348 

Lamb, xxxviii, 86 ; Lathrop, xxvii. 317; L«ach. 
xl. 213 ; Learned, xxxv. 91; Leavitt, xxxiv. 310, 
xxxix. 331 ; Lee, X-Xxviii. 449, xxxi.x 391, xl. 
329; Leilingwel!, xxxvii. 310 ; L'H mmeji'-ux, 
XI. 213 ; LyTalley, xxxviii. 2:^3 ; Lewis, xxxii, 
427 ; Libby, x.x.xv. 282 ; Liliihridge, xxxi. 220 ; 
Liverm. re, xxxvi. 410 ; Locke, .xxxv. 59; Lord, 
xxxii. 97; Lothrop, xxvii. 317; LoveUnd, 
xxxviii. 347; Lucas, cover Juljr xxiv.; Lut- 
trell, x.xxv 282 

McCaley, xxxiv. 316 ; McCriilis, xxxiii 24S ; Mc- 
CuUagh, xx.Yii. 97 ; llcDoweil, x.x.xii. 427 ; Ma- 
hon, xxxii 97 ; Mann, xxxii. 427 ; .Marcy, coi<rr 
July a:.d Oct. xxiii. ; Jlarih, x.x.xix. 204 ; JUr- 
tin, x.xvii. 422, xxxvii. 91 ; Mi.\o, xxxii. 427, 
xxxvii 3'.3 -, Meiid, xxxiv. 316 ; .Meeker, 
xxxviii. C47 ; Mercur, xxxiii. 444, xxxiv. 103 ; 
Merriain, xxxiv. 412 ; xx.w. 91 ; Miilcr, x.\xv. 
184; .M'/Q'^-or.iery, xxxii. 97 ; ilorit.jfru-, xx.xix. 
291; Mo.-ris, xxxix 194; M'rri=,.i, xxxiv. U17 

Ka-^on, xl. 4o3 ; Neiil, xxv. 290 ; ^eli•yIl. xxxiv. 
317 ; Newzll, x.xxviii. 233 ; Xcwlon, xx.xix. 194 ; 
Nixoa xxxvii. 233 ; Nobk, xxx. 2.>3 

well, xxix 203 

Pica, xl. .323 ; Pape, covpr July xxiv ; Pair-e, 
xxx:i. 24:i; Parhara, xxxii. 340; rutfr-on, 
JC.xxvi. yjo ; I'ujsori, .xxxv. 01 ; Fearce, xx.xii. 
67, xxxix. 194 ; Pcirce, xxii. 97, covr Jan. 
Jtxiii., April xxiv., xxxv. 91 ; Penc, xxxi. 430 -, 



Genealogies in preparation — 
Perham. xxxii. 346. xl. 409; Pcrley, xxxii!. 
444; Perkii.s, xxxvi. 87; Philb.-ick, xl. 213, 
xxxviii. So ; I'hilo, xxxvii. 205 ; Phillipi, 
xxxviii. 233, 347 ; Piatt, xxxii. 427 ; Pope, 
xxxix. S4 ; Porter, xxxii. 404, xxxv. 282 ; 
Potter, xxxi.x. 294 ; Powers, xxxviii. SO ; Pren- 
tice, xxxiii. 207, xxxvii. 90 ; Preston, xxxii. 
427 ; Prii ce, xxxiv. 412 
Raniett, xxxviii. 86 ; Ransom, xxxvi. 325 ; Raw- 
son, coier Jiin. xxvii.; Ravmoud, xl. 409; 
Reed, xxxii. 427, xxxviii. 347 ; Rifidell or Rid- 
dle, xxxi. 223 ; Ridley, xxxi. 223 ; Ridlon, 
xxxi. 223; Rives, xxxii. 427; Robinson, cover 
Jan. x.xiii , xxxviii. 233, xxxix. 322, xl. 113 ; 
Rodenbou;;h, xxxii. 97 ; Hoot, cover July aud 
Oct. xxiii. ; Ryl.icds, xxxiii. 243 
Sanfoid, coifr July xxiv. : Savery, xxxv. 184 ; 
Sawyer, xxxiii. 109, xxxvi. 196 ; Sears, xl. 
213 ; Seduon, xxx.i. 427 ; Seldon, xxxii. 98 ; 
Seymour, xxxiii. 444 ; Sh.rpe, xxxiv. 317 ; 
Sheldon, xxxvii. 90 ; Shedd, xxxix. 194 ; Sher- 
wood, xxxvii. 90 ; Shewall, xxxii. 97 ; Simpson, 
xxxiii. 110, 249 ; Sl'CUm, xxxiv. 317. x.x.xix. 
194 ; Smith, xxxix. 194, xl. 213 ; Smyth, xxxiv. 
206 ; Sp.tre, .xx.xv. 1S5 ; Spaulding, cover Jan. 
x.xiii. ; Spooner, x.xxiii. 248, xxxvii. 90 ; Squire, 
x.xxii. 427 ; Stailes, xx.xv. 185 ; Starkweaiher, 
xxxvii 407; Siarr, xxxiv. 412; Sttrry, xxxix. 
194; Sterne, xxxiv. 412 ; Stevens, coier July 
and Oct. xxiii. ; Stevenson, xxviii. 329 ; Stick- 
ney, coier Jan. xxiii. ; StiJ, xxx. 467 ; Stiles, 
xxxix. 104,391 ; Stimson, xxx'.ii. 110 j xxviii. 
329, x?.xv. G?0 ; Street, x.xxiii 444 ; Streeter, 

I xxxv. 2>2, x.xxviii. 450 ; Snift, x.xxv. 3S7 

I Talcott, xxx. 104 ; Terrell, xxxvii. 313 ;' Terry, 
xxxix. 294. 391 ; Th mas, x.xxiv. 412 ; Thurs- 

' ton. x.xxii. 98 ; Thwing, x.xxiv. 317, xxxvii. 

j 205 ; Tillinghast, xxxvi. 410 ; Trahue, xxxvii. 

j 2u5 ; Treat^ xx.xvii. 407, xxxviii. S7 ; True, 

I xxxviii. 347 ; Tucker, xxxii. 329 

! UcderwooJ, xxxviii. 233 

; Van Dyke, x.xxviii. 233 ; Van Hoosear, xxxvii. 

i '205 ; Venable, x.xxii. 427 
Waddin^ton, xxxii. 427 ; Wade, xxxix. 195 ; 
■Wikefl-jld, coier July xxiv. ; Walkl-y, xxxii. 
98 ; Waller, x.xx. 107 ; Waterman, x.x.xv. 185 ; 
Watkins, xxxii. 427 ; Watts, xxxii. 427 ; 
Weeks, xxxviii. SO, xxxix, 195 ; WtUman. cov- 
er July xxiv. ; Wentworih. cover Jan. xxiii. 
WetherOee, .xxxiii. 110 ; Whitney, coifr July 
xxiv , xxviii. 470 ; Wilder, xxxii 346, cover 
Oct. xx.x. ; Wilcjx, x.xxiii. 444 ; Wilcixson, 
xxxviii. 23.3 ; Winslow, xxxii. 4-7 ; With:ngioD, 
XXX. 235 i Wcoster, xxxvii 90 ; Vt'ngh;, xxxiv. 
412 

I Genealogical G'ear:er3, notice, 327 

j Geneaogical Gleiu-in-s in Englauk, 34, l.-S, 300,362 

I German Imir.igra'.ts 1762, note, 323 

I Gieason Famiy, query, 324 

I Green Fiimily, queries, 407 

' G.-eenwo'Ki, reply to query. 110 

I Guide to f.ngiisli ar,d Fureign Hera'dry, 326 

, GiilfTd (C.)nn.) Geneal gies, note, 209 

j Gortley, Wil.iam, query, 210 

Tlanbury, rote, 106 

Harvard, i< hn, and hia Ancestry, Part II , C62 ; 
I notes on, 180, 181, 321 

I Harvard, J'jhn, aiid Cambridge University, note, 
I 103, 207 

! Ilaslam, John, query, 108 
! Heref' rdshire Pidigrees, notice, 323 
! Hdlyer, query, 107 
Historical S'x;ie i-s. Proceedings— Chicago, 114, 215, 
331 ; Cunm.clici t, o31 ; Mrtine, 215 ; New Eng- 
land Ili-t. ric G.D a:o/ical, 113, 213, 329; Old 
Colony, 3:j); IWvAi Island, 114, 215, 330; Tir- 
ginia, 114, 215, 331 
Hitchcock GeMiil'v-y, cicei-pts from, 307 
Home tabular pui-Tce, 46 
liugaenot ;;m;gr.uioa to Virginia, LOte, 110 
Hulen, reply lo qutry, loU 



vi to X 



General Index. 



Illustrations — 
Aut'^i.-miihs— Rkhard Bnrtlett, 203 ; Hsnry Con- 
liffe, '2-iS ; Jjhn Giii^ill, 253 ; Penda'oake, mark, 
4a ; Willi m A. Whitelitad, 13 ; John West, 
43 ; A>hhtl Wo-Hlwanl, 132 
feook Plattd— '..h.ui.lier, 297 ; Ilclvnke, £97; Isai- 
ah Thniuis, 297 ; Weinirjrth. 297 
British SlamiiS for America (17'35), 1C5 
Coats of Arras— Gmv. W ill .ui:hi)y, 51 
InscriptioD^ — on Xinintliy Dextcr's tcmb, 390 
Maps — Hnston, neighb.>rho >d of, 102 ; Monta- 
nus's 3I:ip New EnpUuil Coast. 95 ; ^arragan• 
sett Swamp Fisbt, 74; John Smith's Map New 
Englaml. lUl ;"uinior'3 M:ip. 94 
Portraits— Peter Olivrr, 259; William A. White- 
head, 13 ; Ashbtl WL-odw .rd, 133 
Tabular Pedi^ccs— Barilett F.iraiiy, 201 ; Home 
Family, 47 : Josselyn, 290 ; Kasin;;, 365 ; 
Sewall Family. 47 ; tVilIoughby Family, 50 
Tiew of thtf Site of the old oiTamp fort, 75 
View of the early home of John Ilarvard's mother, 
349 
Indian Names cf Bostin and their meaning, &4 
Ipswich, Maas., i'ouucers of, note, 210 

Jacob, Henry, a suiiestinn as to, 137 
Jones, Nathan, query, 323 
Josselyn, Henry, pedigree of, 290 

King Phi!i!/s War, soldiers in, 75, 182, 313,391 
King Family, query, 324 

Laphara, query, 107 
Larmun, l.iiz;ibetlj, 108 
Latham, UeliTeranee, query, 325 
Lelgbton Genealogy, tiote, 212 
Letters of — 

Samuel Brooklebank (1676), 318 

Daniel Detiison (1676), 319 

Jo5.;-ph Dud.ey (1675), S7, 89 

Eichard Jacub (1676), 391, 392 

Hugh Peter-. 175 

Jos. Pote (.776). 19 

JohnNuldijck (1075), 317 
Lon^fjUow, n te, 322 
Loyalists, assembly of associates, query, 324 

Meade, query, 107 

Members of the New England Hist. Gen. Society, 

Obituiries of. {i^e Ntcrolo^y.) 
Memnr? — 

Lord T.mothv Bexter, 3S0 

Peter Oliver. 241. S49 

William A. ■Whitehead. 13 

Ashbe! Woodward, 133 
MoulUirop, query, 408 
Muuson, query, 323 

Name "Columbia,'' 310 
Narragansett. jwamp Fitrht, account of, 81 
Necrology of the New Kngland Historic Genealog- 
ical Sjciety— 

George llayward Allan, 411 

John Jamts Babsoo, 415 

William Barry, 222 

Fran is Merri.l Bartlett, 410 

Thomas Wells Hartley, 119 

JoUiam G^uld Chase, 218 

I=aac Lhild, 219 

Nathan Crosby, 223 

John Laggett, 222 

Ejbert keodaU Liarrah, 332 

George Parkraan ieuijy, 116 

Htnrv Kd wards, 221 

Nichiilisllopr.in, 414 

Franklin B Hough, 118 

War.am tdwia .)oha=tone. 413 

Henry Purkiit Kidier, 413 

tdw.ir 1 I^iwrence, 334 

Johii,\ll.:ij Lewis, 221 

Ccjrge .MuuutfMrt. 119 

G-iti'i Buitriek Noyes, 117 

William pArs.i.s, 217 

Pearce W'cntworth Penh^llow, 220 

fiamuel IreLjeuB Prime, 118 



Necrology, &c. — 

George Carter Richardson, 414 

Ch irles Franklin Robertson, 334 

El ward Ashton Rollins, 333 

Geor-e Sheffield, 416 

William Temple, 412 

Ebenezer Tancruft Towne. 119 

Joseph Warren Tucker, 217 

William Warren Tucker. 219 

John Gerrish Webster, 416 

Charles Octavius Whitraore, 412 
Newbury and the Barttett Family, 192 
New England. A [true] relation concerning the 

estate of, 63 
New Enirland Gleanings, 62, 209 
New England Historic Genealogical S'x;iety — An- 
nual Address, 138 ; N-cp.logv of, 115, 217, 332, 
4 10 ; Proceedings of, 113, 213, 330 
Newu-ate, John, note, 110 
New Word, note, 105 
Nichnli. query, 107 

Norwich, Ct.^ Town Record, note on, 203 
Notes and Documents conceriiing Hugh Peters, 26, 

172, 284 
Notes and Queries, 103, 205, 321, 405 

Obituary Notices. (See Necrology and Biographi- 
cal Sketches) 
Oliver. Peter, memoir, 241, 349 
Old Colony Historical Society, new bailding of, 413 

Palmer, query, 104 

Peters, Hugh, notis and documents concerning, 25, 

172, 234 
Petition of Daniel Warren and Joseph Peira, 401 
Plans of Towns in Massachuset'.s, note, 105 
P'>rtraits. fSee Illustrations.') 
Pote Family'. 18 
Prescott. note, 104 
Prince, Diaries of Rev. Thomas, query, 325 

Queries. (See Notes mid Queries.) 

Ruinborowe Genealniry, 162 
Easing Pedigre», 365 
Read, William, note, 73 
Recent Publications, 236, 346, 425 
Records— F-irminjton (Conn.), 31, 155, 359 ; Win- 
chester (N. n ),56 
Relation concernine New England, note on, 105 
Robinson, George, query, 109 
Rockwood, Mrs. Sarah Chaplin, note, 105 
Rogers, query, 107 

Sankey Family, query, 109 
Scotch ReoTd E.\aminations, note, 209 
Sears, Jac'jb, query, 210 
Sears Pedigree, some doubts concerning, 251 
Sewall Pedigree, tabular, 47 
Shepard, query, 324 

Signers of Independence and their descendants, bio- 
graphies and genealogies of, note, 112 
Smokes, taxing fireplaces, note, 321 
Soldiers in King Phih.o's War, 75, 182, 313, 391 
Sprague, reply to query, 110 
Stark, query, 108 
Stevens, query, 325 
Stride Family, query, 408 

Terry, Samuel, query, 325 

Tha-.-her, Thomas, Jr., query, 210 ; Peter, n'-<e, 210 

Town Hit Ties in preparation— Durham, N.H., 212 j 
Hull, Mass.. 323 

Torap-^on, Abigail, note, 322 

Town Records. (See Records.) 

Towns -nd, query, 107 

[True] Relation concerning the Estate of New Eng- 
land, 68 

Tufton, Capt. John, note, 406 

UnpuV)Iished Mar.uicripfs in Europe relating; to 

America (1772-84;, 112 
Upham, query and reply, 326 
Upton Genealogy, 147 



General Index, 



XI 



TirginJa Newspapers and PosUge (1607-1S85), co- 
lice, 327 

Wadsworth, Capt. Samuel and^the Sudbury Fight, 

S91 ; at Narrapansett. &c. 393 
^ValkiDgame and 'Walkineham, 1C8 
■Warreii, reply to query, 110 

■Washing-ten Family, DOie,CI09 _ 

Vrat'=r3, Uenry F., and hU English Researches, o4, 

168, 300, 30-i 
■Waters's Genealogical Gleanings — 

Allen, Thomas, 367 

Blake, Joseph (1750), 39 

Boomer, Rose (1595). 376 

Bowmer, Richard (1593), 375 

Carter, John (1691), 304 

Coaker, Jane (1651) 305 

Coytemore, Rowland (16i6),160 

Cutler, John (1645), 303 

Elmes, Sarah (1653). 305 

Feuner, Kdward (1605), 367 

Gregory, Francklin (16:4), 377 ; (1635), 3S0 

Greene, Rotiert (li345), 372 

Goore, 'William (15S7), 33 

Guy, John (1625), 372 

HarTanl, Thomas (1621), 370 

Harvey, Christiana, 376 

Herford, ■\Villism (151b), 369 

Bervy, Thcmas (15u5). 367 

Jones, George (1743). 40 

Jupe, Nicholas (1650), 44 

Lane, Dorothy (1005), 15S 

Ludlowe, George (1655), 300 

iledcalfe, Peter (1592), 371 

Wew.Noell (1691), 4S 

Kewton, Francis (1€60),46 

Palmer, Ann (1624), 373 

Parker, Kathanifl, 49 

Parker, Agnes (1617), 373 

Parks, Edward (1650), 37 

Perne. Richard, Rachal, 49 

Plummer, Beijamin (1740), 49 „^„., 

Bainborowe, Thomas (1623) , 153 ; Martha (1S26), 
1£0 i WUliaia (1653), 161 



TTaters's Genealogical Gleanings — 

Rasing, Rose (1655). 365 

Ros;er3. Tnomas U6:i9), 363 

Roper, Th' m.is (1626), 42 

R..well, Thorn IS (15>3), 371 

Sadler, Jolin, 566 ; M:Ary. 357 

Saipson, Katberine (1627), 303 

Scvitr, Manane (l'?07), 303 

Sewall, Henry (1624), 45 

Smith, Richard (IcriO). 45 

Smythe, Wliiam (1626). 364 

Spinckes, F-.imand (1671), 171 

Stockton, William (]5"J3), 41 

Stou.'hton, John (1639). 306 

Symonds, John (1691), 304 

"Wehb, Nathan'el ( i741). 48 

•fthitmore, Anne (1624), 379 

Wilcox, Robert (1626). 41 

Winslow, Ed\vard (1654), 309 

Winthrop. rteven (1658), 161 

Wood, Anthony (1625), 159 

Yardley. Ralph (1603>. 373 

Vearw^d, Richard, 371 
Weston Family Acuiversary notice. 327 
Whitehead. William A., Memoir of, 13 
Wilctix, SUvanu?, query, 407 
Wilder, Marshall P., annual address of, loS 
Wills, Deeds and '.ther Probata Uecrds, abstracts 01 

and from. (See (ralerg's Gen. GUanin^i.) 
Bartlett Richard (1698), 200 
Hannura, WilU^m (1637), 253 
KoUister, John ( 169u). 63 
5Iinot, John (1656). 255 
Willouihby Genealo'.'V, 50 
Wilton tngbsh Parish Reeisters, 212 
Winchestor, N. H., becord, 55 
Wing, John, reply to, 025 
Wisvv-all Genealogy, 58 
Wood, note on. 104 ; query, 324 
Woodward, Ashbel. memoir of, 133 
Woodyear. query, 108 
Wrisht G-nealoey, 2S0 
Wrisht. Joshua Gran?er, query, 105 
Wyatt f ajuily, note, 13 



^. 







/'^^g^^^c: 




-c.^ 



THE 

HISTORICAL a:nd gexealogical 

REGISTER. 



JAXUAPvY, 188G. 



MEMOIR OF ^VILLIAM A. WHITEHEAD, A.M. 

By his IS'iece. 

•^"^/-ILLIAM ADEE WHITEHEAD, late Corresponding Sec- 
' f retaiy of the Xe\v Jersey Historical Societv, was a man of 
no ordinary attainments. He was born in Xewark, Xew Jersey, 
Feb. 10, 1810. His frahcr was William Whiteliead, cashier of the 
Xewark Banking and Insurance Company, and his mother, Abby, 
daughter of Benjamin and B..thia Coe. The attractive old-fashioned 
brick house in v.-Jiich he was born, serving both for business purposes 
and family home, has since been removed, and on its site are the 
rooms of the Xew Jersey Historical Society. It is a pleasant coin- 
cidence that it was on that same spot, especially during the last j-ears 
of his life, that ]Mr. Whitehead devoted so many liours to the histo- 
rical writing and research in which he took so deep an interest. 

His early education seems to liave been but meagre. When a 
email child he attended several primary schools, and when about ten 
years old I)ecame a pupil in the old " Xewark Academy," situated 
where the Post Office now stands. The two Scotchmen who kept 
the school, Andrew Smith and his son, wevc extremely superficial in 
their method of teaching, and on the approach of the seasons for 
exnmination, special preparation, popularly known as "cramming," 
was resorted to for the occasion, (^uiet and order were apparently 
unknown, and t!ie punishment administered for offences and sliort- 
coniings was that of the "cat-o'-nine tails." After less than two 
years of this very unsatisfactory tuition young VDiitehead graduated, 
being just twelve years old. To his own diligent application in 
after years, either alone or with comrades of like tastes, he owed 
tiiat knowledge of history, science and general literature whicii ren- 
dered him the cultured and agreeable companion to v.lKmi so many 
h'okcd for sympathy, counsel and instruction. Tliorough, exact and 
t'fiicient as surveyor, draftsman, merchant, banker, historian and 
\vntcr, who wouM think that liis early advantages had been so few 
and limited ! "When a youth of fifteen or sixteen the trust reposed 

VOL. XL. 2 



14 Memoir of WilUam A. Whitehead, A.M. [Jan. 

in him was vcrr unusual. Ilis father had removed to Pertli Ambov, 
■\vlicre lie became cat-hier of the Commercial Bank of Xeu' Jersey, 
and to his son was given tlie responsible position of travelling circu- 
lator of the bills of the bank. Thus he was in the habit of jour- 
neying to AVoodbridge and Ivahway, carrying hundreds of dollars to 
be exchanged at those towns for bills deposited to the credit of the 
Ambdy Bank in Xew \ork. A short time after this he was ap- 
pointed bank messenger, and made weekly journeys to Xew York by 
steamboat, there being then no railway communication between the 
two cities. In his leisure hours he devoted much time to the diligent 
study of French, Elocution and Drawing, while to his young friends 
in Amboy his literary work was a source of much pleasure and 
profit. His genial wit, keen sense of humor and aftectionate dis- 
position made him a most agreeable companion and caused him to 
be generally beloved. 

In the autumn of 1828 he joined his elder brother in Key AVest, 
with the view of engaging in mercantile business. When lie arrived, 
however, the knov/ledge which he had acquired by liis own efforts was 
signally useful to himself and to others, and he was found to be 
fully competent to run tlie dividing lines between tiie lots and portions 
of the respective jiroprietors of the island. Witli great modesty 
and distrust of his powers he undertook a new survey, which was 
successfully completed in ]March, 1820, and is still considered 
authoritative. AVhen scarcely twenty-one lie entered upon the duties 
of Culleetor of the Port of Key "West, an office which he held until 
July, 1838.. During the ten years of his life in Key West lie spent 
much of his leisure time in diligent study and reading, and in ettorts 
for the promotion of the good of his fellow citizens. There he be- 
gan those meteorological observations which he carried on for more 
than forty years. He was a member of the town council, mayor 
of the city, and was deeply interested in the establishment of a news- 
paper and the advancement of education in the island. He also 
united with several others in establishing an Episcopal church, of 
which he was a devout member, and which was tlie first congregation 
organized in Kev West. In grateful recognition of ]Mr. Whitehead's 
public spirit and beneficent labor in these early days, his name was 
given to a point of the island and also to a street in the town. 

!Mr. Wiiitehead was married August 11, 1834, in Perth Amboy, 
to ^Margaret Elizabeth, daughter of Hon. James Parker, of that 
city, and with his bride returned to Florida in the autumn of the 
same year. Concerning his sojourn in the South he writes : " The 
ten years of my life, during which I considered Key AA'est my home, 
laid the foundation of my future usefulness. A\'hat success in life I 
may have achieved is due to application to reading and study, to the 
rcs[)onsibilitie3 which my official position rendered it necessary for 
me to a-sume, and the fixed determination to render myself worthy, 
if possible, of the regard of those with whom I was connected." 



18S6.] Jlemoir of William A. IV/iitehead, A.JI. 15 

In 1838 he bcgau business as stockbroker in Xe\v York, and lived 
in the city for nearly five years, during which time he had access to 
the library of tiie ]Ne\v York Historical J:^ociety, and conceived the 
idea of ^vriting the early history of Xcw Jersey, a plan afterwards 
executed by him. About this time a number of contributions from 
liis pen appeared in the JCeicark iJaily Advertiser, under the title 
of "Glim[)ses of the Past." Xumerous articles followed these on 
History, ^Meteorology, Biography, l^olitical and Ecclesiastical mat- 
ters, besides various other topics of local interest. His monthly 
weather reports began in June, 1843, and were continued until his 
death. After 1843 his home was in Newark, although he continued 
for several years to do business in Xew York. In 1848 he entered 
the service of the Astor Insurance Company. The following year 
he received the appointment of Secret;u-v of the Xew Jersey Kail- 
road and Transportation Company ; and in 1855 that of Treasurer 
of the Harlem Eailroad, which he held for three years, when he re- 
sumed connection with the Xew Jersey luiilroad. His fine head and 
erect figure as he sat in his office gave him a military appearance, 
which Avas singularly in accordance with the s[)irit of the period. 
His keen but kindly eye will be long remembered by those with whom 
lie had any intercourse and by the officers and soldiers of the late 
civil war, when the transportation of troops and supplies formed a 
large part of the business of the railroad. In 1871 Mr. Whitehead 
resigned his position on the railroad, and until 1879 was connected 
with the American Trust Company of Xew Jersey- 

In January, 1845, a meeting was held in Trenton to organize an 
Historical Society for ^>ew Jersey. The subject had been introduced 
a short time previous by the Eev. D. A'. ^JcLean, of Monra<.'Uth 
County- To it ^Ir. "Whitehead gave his earnest and enthusiastic 
attention. He was chosen Corresj)onding Secretary of the new 
organization, and held the office until his death. A large amount 
of valuable material had been collected by him for a history of the 
province of Xew Jersey, and at the suggestion of Mr. Charles King, 
afterwards President of Columbia College, these manuscripts were 
adopted by the Society for the first Aohune of its printed collections, 
and issued in 184G under the title of "East Jersey under the Pro- 
prietary Governments." 

In 184G the Xewark Librarv Association was oro-anized. This 
invaluable institution originated with the late Rev. Dr. Samuel 
Irena^us Prime, then living in Xewark. His efforts were ardently 
seconded by Mr. Whitehead, and their labors to obtain subscribers 
to the necessary capital stock wei'e unremitting. The charter v.-as 
obtained in 1847, and the Xewark Librai-y stands to-day a fitting 
memorial of its indefatigable founders. ]\Ir. Whitehead was the 
first Secretary of this association, and for some time before his death 
President of the lizard of Directors. The library containcl in 
January, 1849, 1900 volumcii j in January, 1855, li,500 volumes; 



16 Memoir of William A. Whitehead, A. JI. [Jan. 

in Janiiaiy, 1875, 21,000 vohimes ; in January, 1885, 20, 6GG 
volumes. Books taken out in 188-1, 31, 121 — an increase over pre- 
vious year of 3,400. 

In 1860 ]\lr. "Whitehead was elected niem])er of the Board of 
Education and represented the first "Ward of Xewark for ten years, 
-when he was chosen President of the Board ; he declined a re- 
election in 1871. From 18(32 till 1871 he was one of the Trustees 
of the State Xormal School, and on the death of the Hon. lacliard 
S. Field, became President of tliat buard, a position which he held 
during the remainder of his life. His services, in connection with t!ic 
Essex county Bible Society, Trinity church, Xewark, and the Dio- 
cesan Conventions of X'ew Jersey and Xorthern X'ew Jersey to 
which he was a delegate, if not so conspicuous, were never tiieless 
indicative of his large public spirit and religious character. 

In 1858 there appeared a most exhaustive ''Analytical Index to 
the Colonial Documents of Xew Jersey in the State Paper ofHees of 
England, compiled by Henry Stevens, edited, witli notes, by Wm. 
A. Whitehead." This work of more than 500 pages, the fruit of 
years of immense industry and determined zeal, is of the greatest 
interest and importance to the antiquarian. It could not be accom- 
plished without laborious research in England, and aid vras solicited 
from the State for that end ; but fur seven years all efforts f tiled, 
and the completion of the volume is due to tlie liberality of the late 
James G. King, Esq. Finally in 1872 an appropriation was made 
by the Ecgisiature through the instrumentality of lion. X'allianiel 
Kiles, "for the purpose of obtaining, arranging and ]ndjlishi:ig anv 
papers relating to the history of X'ew Jersey." ]\Ir. AVhitehcjul then 
engaged in editing the "Documents relating to the Colonial History 
of X'ew Jersey," the Index to which has just been mentioned. The 
first volume was published in 1880 ; six others followed in rapid 
succession, and the eighth was ready for the press in 1883. Illness 
prevented the completion of the ninth volume which was in })repa- 
ration, and he was obliged to forego tlie industrious prosecution of 
his favorite pursuit. Declinin^• health induced him in 1879 to 
resort to a European voyage in the company of his wife and son. 
To visit the scenes familiar to him through books of travel and cor- 
respondence with men of letters, afforded him new and enduring 
gratification, and it was a constant pleasure to him after his return, 
to recall to mind the venerable cathedrals and beautiful scenerv, as 
well as novel and amusing experiences which he had enjoved so 
much while abroad. But the journey failed to bring permanent 
benefit to his health ; graduidly he failed more and more in strength, 
until July, 1881. On the 2d of that month, he was borne by loving 
friends to his beautiful summer home in Perth Amboy, where on the 
8th of August, 1881, he gently ])assed away. On the 11th (his 
Gulden ^VeddIng <layj, he wds laid to rc.>t in the peaceful ch:u-ch- 
yard of St. Peter's. ' 



1S8G.] Jlcmou- of WilUam A. Wdteliead, A.M. 17 

In liis social and domci^tic ix-lations, ^Ir. Whitehead was most 
affectionate and hospitable. Ilumble-niinded and generous, to him 
and to his beloved wife "the cry of suiTering- y/as ahvavs the cry of 
Christ for lielp." In their early married life, when they had no 
money to bestow, tlicy resolved to give their time, advice and sym- 
patliy to those who were in need. "Inasnuich as ye have done it 
unto the least of these My brethren ye have done it unto ^Ic."' 

^Ve may form some idea of ^>ii-. AVhitehcad's industry and patience 
from the fact that to each of his many books on tlie shelves of the 
Society, he prepared a complete inde>; and table of contents. Be- 
sides his larger works he wrote numerous important pamphlets, 
and more than six hundred articles and letters contributed to the 
newspapers between 1837 and I'^'S^, cliieHy historical and bio- 
graphical in character. His duties as secretary of the Society 
demanded a voluminous correspondence for nearly thirty years, and 
his printed reports of the meetings give internal evidence of method 
and perseverance. AVe must not omit mention of numerous papers 
which hate added much value and interest to the meetings, and may 
be found in the publications of the Historical Society of Xew Jersey. 
The subjects of these, as well as the titles of his larger works, are 
here subjoined. 

1. — East Jersey under the Proprietary Governments. 1816. 341 pages. 
(A second edition revised aud enlarged in 187-3, 4S6 pages.) 

2. — The papers of Lewis Morris, Proviucial Governor of Xew Jersey; 
edited by W. A. W. 1852. 33G pages. 

3. — Coutributioos to the Early History of Perth Amboy and Adjoining 
Country, with sketches of men and events in New Jersev during the 
Proviucial Era. 18oG. 428 pnges. 

4. — Analytical Index to the Colonial Documents of New Jersey in the 
State paper oflices of England. Coaipiled by Henry Stevens. Edited, 
with notes, etc., by "\Vm. A. Whitehead. 18oS. 504 pacres. 

5. — The Records of the Town of Newark, N. J., from its settlement in 1CG6 
to its incorporation as a city iu l^-JG. 204 pages. By Wm. A. "White- 
head and Samuel H. Cougar. 18G4. 

C. — Documents relating to the Colonial History of New Jersey. 8 volumes. 
1880 to 1884. 

The following is a list of his papers : 

1- — A Biographical Sketch of William Franklin. Governor from 1763 to 

177G. liead before the Society, Sejit. 27, K^48. 
2. — A Biographical Notice of Thomas Boone. Governor of New Jersey in 

17G0-G1. Bead May 17, 1841). 336 pages. 
3- — The Robbery of tlie Treasury of East Jersey, in 17G8. Read Sept. 

12.1850. 
4- — The Facilities for Travellin<x, and the Transportation of Mails and ^ler- 

chandise before the Revolution. Read Sept. 11, 1851. 
'5«' — A Biographical Memoir of William Burnet, Governor of New York 

and Nfjw Jersey, 1720 to 1728. Read Sept. 8, 1852. 
^- — Piiper. embodying an Account of the Voy:ige of the Henry and Francis, 

1684, with Sketches of some of her Passeugl-rs. Read Jan. 19, 1854. 



-:,</ i.^ 



.juajuju/ ■^' 



t'.\ . , .V. ,. 






18 The Pole Famihj. [Jan. 

7. — A Biographical Sketch of Rohcrt Iluuter, Governor of Ne',v York and 

New Jeisey. 1709 to 1719. licud May 17, 1855. 
8- — The Apptnntment of Xatlianiel Jones as Chief Justice of X^-.v Jersey 

in 1759. ReaJ May 21, 1S57. 
9- — A Brief Statement of the Facts connected with the Origin, r.a-^'ice 

and Prohibition of Female Suli'rane in New Jersey. ■ Kead Ja-i. 21, 

1858. - . ^ 

10. — The Circumstances leading to the Establishment, in I7i":'. of tlie 
Northern Boundary line between New Jersey and New York. Read 
May 19, 1859. 

1 ].— A Brief Sketch of the Summer-house of Cockloft Hall, &c. Eeal May 
15, 1862. 

12.— Eastern Boundary of New Jersey: A Review of a Paper o:i the 
Waters of New Jersey. Read before the IIi:.torical Society ofNew York 
by the Hon. John Cochrane; and a rejoinder to a Replyof " A r.-ember 
of the New York Historical Societv," bv W. A, Wh'icehead, Au-ust, 
18G5. 

13. — A Historical Memoir of the Circnmstances leading to and co".::ectod 
with the Settlement of Newark, May, IGGG. Read May 17, l>t'n. 

1^- — An Answer and Explanation concerning certain Documents presented 
to the New York Historical Society, with reference to the title of New 
Y'ork to Staten Island. Read May 16, 1SG7. 

15. — A Review of some of the circumstances coimected with tlio Settle- 
ment of Elizabeth, N. J. Read May 20, 1869. 

16. — The Circumstances preceding and leading to the Surrender ^-i the 
Proprietary Government of New Jersey to the Crown in 170-3. Read 
Jan. 15, 1874. 

17. — Sketch of the Life of Richard Stockton, one of the Signers .: : the 
Declaration of Independence from New Jer>ey. Read Jan.'lS. 1-7 7. 

18- — The Resting Place of the Remains of Christopher Columbus. Read 
May 16, 1878. 



THE POTE FA:\I1LY. 

By Isaac Bassett Choate, A.M., of Boston, iLiss. 

THE follo^ving letter avIII be found to relate to a faniilv of a 
name which the writer observes is "singular and ivjI com- 
mon." The Captain Samuel Pote, to wliom it was addressed, was 
a ship-master of Alarblehead at the time of the devolution. I: ap- 
pears that he had before the writing of this made a vovagc to Liver- 
pool, and from the report of his arrival at that port reaclun- 3Ir. 
Joseph Pote at Eton, tliis correspondence began. Capt;un P. re. it 
seems, expected to be in London in the spring of 177G. Tl^.ere 
could not have been much intercourse between the colonies and Eng- 
land during those years of war ; but at any rate, the letter rcajjied 
the person for v.hom it v.-as intended. Tlie original is in the j .'-.-es- 
eiou of a granddaughter of Captain Samuel P(;t"e, ^Mlss Dorca^ P.jre, 
a lady of ad vanced_ years now residing in Hyde Park. Tlie "per- 



1886.] The Pole Famihj. 19 

feet imprcsfion of tlie family arms " is also in tliis lady's hands. 
The brother of Captain Pote, to wliose clianged circumstances ref- 
erence is made in the letter, would seem to have been a Jeremiah 
Pote who had left the colony on account of his tory sentiments, and 
Avho, according to the traditions of the fiimily, spent the rest of his 
life a lovalist in Xew Brunswick. In the will of Samuel Pote his 
brother Jeremiah is mentioned as " not to be come at." Tiicre is, 
liowever, among- the letters of the family one addressed by Samuel 
to his brother, in which he entreats him to return, saying that the 
feeling towards the loyalists who left is far less bitter than towards 
the tories who remained ; and he adds that he is authorized to assure 
his brother of the good will of Col. Orne and of iNIr. Gerry. Tlie 
fact of tlie original letter being now in Xew England may be taken 
as evidence that Jeremiah Pote returned and dechired allegiance to 
the government of the United States of America. 

Captain Samuel Pote was a pro[)rietor, either <n-iginal or by pur- 
chase, of Xorth Yarmouth, ^Maine. In his will he devised his lands 
in that tov.nship to his sons, and one or more of these settled in that 
part of the town since made Freeport, near tlie end of the last cen- 
tury. It may be doubted if a descendant of Capt. Pote bearing 
the name is now living in Maine ; and as in England so iu Xew 
England, "the name is singular and not common." 

To Mr. Samuel Pote, 
Sir: 

On the receipt of yours I iooked into some papers that I liave 
long had by me re.-pectincr tlie family. Tlie most ancient of which is a 
writing on the marriage of William Pule and Johanna Cheridon iu the 
Keigu of Richiird II. An. Dom. Ki.'M. Tliej were then settled at Claicson, 
DrvonsJiire. and from that time continued by reguhir succession at Glawsoa 
till the year 1G20. at vriiich time there were three brothers. John, Tfiomas 
and Rorjer. John the eldest brother by Richarda, Daughter and Heir of 
77/0' Doicne Esrf, \v.v\ a daughter named Charity, his only child and con- 
s-cqnently his Heir. This Charity, as near as I can recollect, about the 
year ICGO married into the family of the Rowes of Indyllon in Cornwall, 
and the e.-tate whatever it was went from the family on this marriage. 
Thomas and Roger the two younger brothers were now at large to provide 
for themselves, and took themselves, it is reasonable to suppose, into Corn- 
wall also; and thetnselves, or sons rather, continued in part to settle there, 
and as I have it fi-om the tradition of my own Father, they were dispersed — 
f^ome went to the AVtst Indies, and one of the family went into Holland, and 
3 have some reason to believe prospered in that country. You see. Sir, I 
now write on uncertainties, and must returu to the brothers. Thomas and 
Ri>ger, from Vvliom I date that your branch of the family and my own are 
de.-ct-nded. In respect to myself I only know that my Father's Father 
lived at Truro in Cornwall; luul some euiploy or station in the court of the 
Jin mines. Kis name is Ephraim ; he had several children, among whom 
^vas my Futher. named Joseph, and a brother of the name of E[)1iraim also, 
^ly Father died now sixty years since and left me with a si.^ter only (since 
d'.-ail) a youth. I should have observed that on tlic dispersion of the 



20 27^6 Pole Famihj. [Jan. 

family, my Father vrith two sisters c:uno to London, wliere lie s.^ttled ani 
was of good Report vTud Employ in tlie trade of a st:iy-m:iker. 0::e of tlie sis- 
ters named Gertrude was married and lived in good credit also. Tlie other 
sister Anne lived many years in the family of the Lord Arun'li'Il of Tru- 
ro (?) a noble family of CornwalL and who v/as exceeding kind to the fam- 
ily in general (from long knowing their former estate). This Anne dying 
unmarried left considerable to her two brothers, Ephraim of Truro, my 
father and ihe sister Gertru'le. Tims have I entered into as mi;iute a rela- 
tion of circumstances as I can recollect, and in respect to myself Iiave been 
nearly fifty years happily settled in business at tins college, and have many 
children— three sons and four daughters, all happily settled in life except 
one daugiiter who at present is with me. During this long course of life 1 
have had regard to hear if there was any other of -the fam.ily liviiig and 
have made en()uiry in Devon and Cornwall to that purpose, but getting no 
intelligence from any quarter, liave for years past concluded !:;vself the 
only one remaining branch, as I before mentioned, of an ancient familv wlio 
lived in those western parts of the kingdom many centuries with cliaracter 
and station, as I find they intermarried witli .... of the respectable fami- 
lies in those counties till the con .... chance of life dispersed them in tl:e 
maimer I have related. The article in the papers of your arrival in Liv- 
erpool occasioned mv hite letter of enquiry, as after many ye: rs fruitless 
attention it gave me reason to lielieve 1 was not the sole branch of the fam- 
ily, as 1 had long conceived ; an.d as the name is singular and not common. 
I conclude we are equally descended U-o\v, the same stock, and are oi;e and 
the same family, tho' not so immediately connected in relationship. Wheth- 
er the above particulars may lead you and your brothers to the sarae senti- 
ment I should be glad to be informed of in due time. And as the address 
you give me to yourself leads me room to think your employ may some time 
bring you to London. I should be ghi'l to have an opportunity to give you 
a meeting and with pleasure promote an acquaintance that I tru-t from 
namesake only (if no other considerations ensued) may be agreeable to 
both. 

\ ou mention a change of circumiStancos respecting your brothers in the 
neighborhood of Lostcn from, the present unhappy difrerences with tlie col- 
onies. Unhappy indeed they are, I declare farther that I deem them un- 
natural and destructive to this Kingilom and her interest in gerieral. Lut 
this is a subject I v/ould choose not to enter into. I remain in hopes of 
future correspondence. Sir 

Your namesake and most humble servant 

Jos. POTE. 

Eton near Windsor 
a\Lxr, 177G. 

P. S. If in the course of your employ you should corae to Lon<]on, as 
I liave above mentioned, on a line 1 would give you a meetiisg being fre- 
quently there myself on business for a week or more at a trrae. 

Lest the seal should lie broke I besides give you the above perfect im- 
pression of the family arms. 
(Addressed) 

P"'or Capt"" Samuel Pote, 
to tlie care of >\ress" Lane Son & Fra-er, 

jNIerchants in London. 



1886.] Genealogu of the Andrews Family. 21 



GENEALOGY OF THE ANDREWS FAMILY. 

By Lieut. George Axdkexvs, U.S.A., of Fort .Snclling, Min. 

THIS Genealogy is devoted to the descendants of John and Han- 
nah Andrews, of Boston, and mainly to tlie descendants of their 
son, Capt. John Andrews, of Taunton, Mass. 

1. John* Axdre^ts, the progenitor of this family, is found in Boston, 
Mass., in 1056. He was a cooper by occuj)atioii. The bible record 
still in possession of the Providence (K.I.) branch, says, "'A 
sea-cooper, and came from Wales to America." He died iu ^Boston, 
June 'lb, 1079. and the inventory of his effects iuclmles " tooles and 
cooper's stutfe," dwelling house and ground, and household eliects. 
He married Hannah, daughter of Kilmnid Jackson, of Boston, bv 
his wife Martha, who afterward married John Dickinson. TheV 
bad cliildreu : 

i. JouN,2 b. 21 Nov. 1650 ; d. young. 

ii. Hannau, b. Feb. 20, IfiaT. 

iii. tSusANNAH, b. \\iz. 1-2. 1659. 

iv. Martua, b. Dec. 5, IKfiO ; probably m. Tliomas Raper. 

T. Marv, bapt. 3—4, lORl. 

2. vi. JoiiN, b. Sept. £0, Ui62 ; d. 1712 ; in. Alice Shaw, of Weymouth. 
vii. Jam-es. b. Dec. 1, IGBl ; d. young. 

viij. Pa)MiiND, b. Nov. 4, Idfia. 
ix. James, b. -March 17, 1606. 

3. X. Samukl, b. May 18, ltJG8. 



9 



Capt. JoiiN^' AxDRiiws {John'^), born Sept. 20, 16G2, in Boston, and 
was a housewright. In 1692 he purclra.sed several tracts of land 
and a dwelling house iu "new Bristol," Mass. (now Bristol, R. I.), 
of Thomas Lewis, of Mendon, and resided there. In 1701 'he sold' 
his property and purchased a farm iu Taunton, ^lass., includincr a 
water privilege on the bank oi Three Mile River, where with Na- 
thaniel Linkon he built a gristmill ami sawmdl; and the location 
was called '• Andrews' Mills " about a hundi-ed years— now " West- 
ville." Here he resided the reraaii.der of Ins life. Capt. Andrews 
held various town offices : was chuirai m of the board of selectmen 
four years ; also deputy sheritf ; a man highly esteemed. He died 
25 July, 1742, at tlie age of 80 years. He married Alice, dauLfhter 
of John and Alice Shaw, of Weymourh. Itorn July 0, 1660, and~tl:ed 
Feb. 1, 17o5, aged 69 years. He married second, Mary, widow of 
Jacob Barney, and daughter of Rev. Samuel Danforth, fourth min- 
ister of Taunton. His will was proijaied August 17, 1742. By his 
•wife Alice he had children : 

Alice,' m.^Xnthaniel Linkon. of T^iimtMn, by whom she had : I. A' 

of 




Linkon. in. George Burt, of Taunti^n. 
A. ii. .Jonx, h. la^fi: d. 1763: m. Hannah liMlI. 

5. iii. Ldii.j.vd. (i Jan. 14. 1750, in 5?^th year ; m. Urst, Esther Harvey • m 
second, Hannah Lmkun. ' 

VOL, XL. 3 



22 Genealogy of the Andrews FamUy. [Jan. 

6. ir. SAiirEi.. d. 175fi ; m. first, Eliz:ihcth Emerson ; m. secoml, Miary Pitta. 
V. ISeth, d. Tiiunton, ^Iireh 5, 1740, ii^ed IG ; m. Sarah Liuijii, of Taun- 

tm. by whom he had : I. Sarah.* 

vi. Hav.vaii, in. Jonathan Linkon. ile d. 1773, aged 87. T'ney lived in 
Norton. Mass. She had children : I. Jonnthcin* Linkon. h. '27 Janua- 
ry, 1713, m. Mary vStephens ; 2. James''' Lin/con, b. March I, 1715; 

2- Eikaiioh* Linkon, b. July 0, 171^, m. Lidia : 4 .Abicl* Lin- 

k'lri, b. March .5, 1719, m. Sarah Fisher; 5. Hannah'^ Lin-.on. h. Aug. 
29, 1723; 0. Ucorye* Linkoa, b. Aug. 20, 1727; 1. J ob^ Linkon, b. 
July 14, 1730. 

vii. M.\KTUA, m. Thomas Jones, of Dighton, Mass. 

viii. Susannah, single. 

The records of births, deaths and mi^rriaires in Taunton were 
destroyed bj fire in ISoS, and many dates could not be obtained. 

3. Samukl' Andrews {Jo/iii^) vvas born ^Liy 18, 16(33, and was a 

housewright by occujiation. He was in 3Iilton, Mass.. from 1707 
to 1711, and in Dorchester in 1716; signed the covetiaiit in Can- 
ton, Mass., in 1717, and died about 1725. He married Elizabeth, 
widow of Joseph Ludden, of Weymouth, Mass. Thfy had children : 

7. i. Saml-el," b. Weymouth, Mass., Feb. 17, 169S ; m. Mehitable Trott. 
ii. Elizabeth, b. in W. Oct. 15, 1700 ; m. John Scrowbridge. 

8. iii. JiisiiUA, m. Haonai Truesdale. 

9. iv. James, m. Abig-aii Jrane. 

V. Hannah, m. first, John Hirris; m. second. Shubael Wentwirth, of 
St.iughton. She had one child by first husband: \. John^ Harris, ot 
Dcdnam, Mass. 

4. Dea. Jonx^ Andrews (John' John^), horn 16S6. He was one of the 

first settlers of Norton, Mass., and deacon of the first church in that 
town, where he died in ITjB^j. He married Haimah, daughter of 
Lieut. John Hall, of Tauntou. She died Sept. 10, 1772. They 
had children : — ' 

i. Hannah,* born in Norton, July 3, 1713 ; m. Ichabod Franklin, of Attle- 
boro'. 
John, b. in N.July 28. 1714 ; d. Aug. 31, 1720. 
LviXA, b. in N. Feb. 7, 1717: d. July 6, 1772, aged 55: m. William 

Hodges, of Taunton. 
Joseph, b. in N. January 15, 17 9; d. I?00; m. Sarah T.rrcy. 
JoEiN, b. m N.January 12, 1722; d. 1756; m. Mary Weboer. 

5. Capt. Edmo.vd' Andrews (John,' Juhn^) died in Taunton, Mass., 

January 14, 1750, in 58th year; married first, Esther Harvey, of 
Taunton; married second, Hannah Linkon. of Tauntou. She died 
Feb. 16, 1762, aged 70. By wife Esther he had: 

12. i. Eduond,* ra. Keziah Dean, of Raynhara, Mass. 

ii. EkjTHEK, m. Thomas Linlion, of iaunton, Aug. 16, 1733. 

By wife Hannah he had : 

iii. James, m. Oct. 6, 1743. Mary Reed. She d. Oct. 12, 1771. 

iv. FREfcLov'E, m. Capt. Samuel French, of Berkley, Mass., a man promi- 
nent in church and town ati'iirs. They had children: 1. Free/oce^ 
French, b. 1747, ra. in 17fi5 S>Jth Paul in Taunton: 2 Hannah^ 
French, b. 1749; 3 Samuel'' French, b. 1751'; 4. Edmon'!' French, b. 
175-t ; 5. Cyrus'' French, h. 1756 ; 6. Rachel' French, b. 17.53 : 7. Rog- 
er'' French, b. 17G0 ; 6. Matilda'' French, b. 1704; 9. A'.ner" French, 
b. 1767. 

V. Mary. b. Taunton, Feb. 14. 1724 ; ra. Dea. Joseph Hall* in 1749. She 
d. Dec. 21, 1814. They had children : 1. Peris" Hall, b. August 21, 

* Genealogy of the Halls of Tauuton. 





11. 




iii. 


10. 


iv. 


11. 


V. 



1886.] Genealogy of the Andreics Family. 23 

1750 ; d. 1792: m. Zilpha Dt-an. claa:z'iter of E'lenezer Dean of Rayn- 
hmii, .Mass. ; -2. Mari/^ Hdl. twin of Peri?, d. Deo. 1839 : m. May -24. 
1770, Capt. David Le.-n.ird, of Brid_'ewater. Mms>. : 3. Elizabeth'' 
Hull, b. Fob. 17, 175-2: d .Man-h. 1848, a^cd 96: in. 1776, Nathaniel 
Dean, son of" Ebenczer, of Havnhani : 4. Josins^ HoU. b. April 12. 
1754; d. July 2. ISO'J ; m. Dec. 8, 1791, Susannali^ (20). dauiihter of 
Capt. Joseph' Andrews, of Norton, Ma<s. ; 5. Hannah^ Hall, b. Nov. 
23, 1755; d. 1647; ui. Capt. Zebulon Field ; H. Sarah'' Hall, b. 1758, 
d. 1793, nnm. ; 7. Anna^ Hall, b. April, 1761, d. 1823, unm. 
vi. MiRi.\M, not m. in 1750, when her father's will was made. 

13. vii. S.\.MLEL. d. Taunt.)n. Feb. 5. 1799. in 71st year; m. Abigail Cobb. 
viii. llAN.N.\n,d. Taunton, Oct. 7, 1765, in 35cb year. 

6. Samuel^ Andrews {John,^ Joha^), married first, Elizabeth Emerson. 

Slie died Jlarcli 14, 1724. lie married second. ^lary. daugliter of 
Ebenezer Pitts, of Digliton, TNlass. The exact date of his death is 
wantino-. but in the settlement of his estate, Sept. 6. 1757, bis wid- 
ow 3Iary states that she " Paid to Capt. James Andrews (besides 
all the wages due to said deceased for his services as a soldier in 
the Crown Point E.\peditiori in 17o.5) for going to Albany after 
deceased £0 14s. 5d." From the bible record it appears he had by 
Elizabeth : 

i. Samczl,* ii. Elizabeth, iii. Ruth, 

but no other record of them has yet been found. By wife Mary he 
had: 

14. i7. EcEN-KZF.R,* b. In Dii^hton, 'an. 10, 1726; m. first, Elizabeth Shaw; m. 

second, Mar^' Francis. 

15. V. JoH.v, b. in D. .March 13, 1729 ; d. June, 1707 : ni. Elizihoth Talbot. 

16. vi. Elk:.\n-au, b. in D. Marcli 4. 1731 ; d. June 8. 1787 ; m. Alice Beal. 
vii. Stepue.v, b. in D. Dec. 22. 1734: d Dec. 22. 1737. 

viii. .MvRy, b. in D. Nov. 30, 1736 : d. Nov. 30. 1737. 

17. ix. Zf;PHANi.\H, b. in D. Feb. 9, 1738: d. Jan. 23, 1810; m. Elizabeth Eddy. 

X. Marv. b. in D. Aiiirust 2. 1741 ; d. in D. Oct. 3, 1813 ; m. Peirce. 

xj. Joe, b. in D. April 2, 1744. 

7. Samuel' Andrews (John'-, JoJoi^), born in Weymouth. Mass., Feb. 

17, 1G98 : died in Stoughton, ^Mass., January 1. 17o9-40, in 42il 
year; married Mehitable Trott, ^i Stouiihton. She was baptized in 
Milton, Nov. 13. 1G9S, and was the daughter of John Trott and 
Mehitable Rigbye. and grandilauv'hter of Samuel Rigbye. and great- 
granddaughter of John Rigbye, of Dorcli^-ster. Slie married second, 
1744, Philip Goodwin, of Stoughtoti. They had children: 

i. ISamlei-,* b. in Stouichton. March 25, 1727 ; d. 1728, 

ii. Samlel. b. in S. April 23. 1729 ; d. April 30, 1734. 

iii. Sarah, b. in S. August 29, 1731. 

iv. Eleanor, b. in S. Sept. IG, 1733 ; m. March 5, 1752, Ephraim Jones, 

of S. , 

V. Patie.s-ce, b. in S. July 20. 1736 ; buried March 21 . 1758, need 21 years. 
vi. ELfZ,\BETU, b. in iS. Oct. 23, 1739. bapt. Jin. 6, 1710; m. Juhn Nash, of 

Weymouth, his third wife. She d. Dec. 10, 1795 — the record says 

aged 90 years. ? 

8. Josiila' Andrews (Sanuiel.' Jok?i^), probably married ^March 10, 

1726, Hannah True.'^daie, at Boston. She was of Xewtou, but after 
marriage lived in Milton, Mass. They had: 

EnMiN'D.* bapt. Dec. 8, 1728. 
i. NVir.MAii. biijt. Jan. 25. 1729. 
ii. Makv, bapt. "Dec. 2fJ. 1730-31. 
V. Elizauetu, bapt. Nov. 4, 1733. 



10. 



18 



24 Genealogy of the Andrews Famihj. [Jan. 

9. James' Andueavs (6'(/wz<eZ,* Jb/^/i^) marrietl April 13.1732, Abiijail 
Crane, of Stoiighton, Mass. lie owiieil the covenant August o, 
1733. They had children : 

i. ABrcAiL,* b. in Milton, July20, 1733; in. Henry Shallor. of Stoughton. 

ii. Marv, b. in M. Oct. 1, 1731; m. Elijah II lu^hton, of -Milton. 

jii. Seth, b. in Stouirhton, Dec. 9. 1735 ; d. 1736. 

iv. Reuecca, b. in S. Nov. 22. 1733. 

V. Ta'Tii, b. in S. July 17. 1741 ; d. 1748. 

vi. Jon.N', b. in S. May 2, 1743. 

■vii. Hepzibah, b. in S. Jan. 30. 1745. 

viii. David, bapt. in Stouiiliton, May 22, 1743. 

ix. Maria, b. in Stougliton, Julv 22, 1751 ; :u. Josiah Mero, of S. 

X. Benjamin, b. in S. July 8, 1754. 

Capt. Joseph* Andrews (JoJin,'' John.' John^), born in Norton. 
Mass., January 15,1719; died 1800. As executor of his father's 
estate he closed also the estate of his grandfather. He left a uill. 
He married Sarah Torrey, by whom he had : 

._. i. Sarah,* b. in N. July 4. 1*56 ; m. Sylvmns Branian, Jr.. of Norton. 

19. ii. Joseph, b. in N. Aug;. 20, 175S; m. H;innah Church, ot Miu-sii field. 

20. iii. Susannah, b. in N. Feb. 3, 17t)l ; m. Dea. Josia.s Hal!, uf Taunton. 
iv. PuEBK, b. in N. Oct. Ifi. 17f)3; m. Ichab -d Leonard, uf launton. 

21. V. JouN, b. in N. April 9, I7fifi ; ni. Rebecca \Vei>ber, of Taunton. 
\i. Hannah, b. in N Jan. 29, 1709; not married. 

22. vii. Nathan, b. in N. Dee. II. 1771 ; m. Abi.c;iil Soams, of Vermont. 

23. viii Isaac, b. in N. Jan. 12, 1775,- in. Hannah I'>ri:j:gs, of Taunton. 

24. ix. James, b, in N. Jan. 23, 1778; in. Mercy Linkon, of Taunton. 

11. John* Andrews [John,^ John' Jokn^), born in Norton. Mass., Janu- 

ary 12, 172-2 ; died there in 1756; married Mary Webber. He let^t 
no will. They had children : 

i. Mary,* b. in Norton, Oct. 26, 1752. 
ii. Hannah, b. in N. Sept. 19, 1755. 

12. Capt. Ed^iond* Andrews [Edmond,'^ John' John^) married Oct. 2. 

1742, Keziah Dean, of Raynham, Mass. He purchased land in 
Easton, Mass., in 1754, and kept au inu there from 1701 to 1773. 
They had children : 

i. Edmond,* b. July 16. 1743; d. Oct. 20, 1743. 

ii. Kdmond, b. Aug. 9. 1744. 

iii. Keziau, b. Oct. 1, 1746 ; probably m. William Drake, of Easton, in 1767. 

13. Lieut. Samuel* Andrews {Edmond,^ John^ John^) died at Taunton. 

February 5, 1799, in 71st year. He married Abi^'ail, dauj^hter of 
Capt. Thomas Cobb, iron master, of Taunton. She died iu 1815. 
They had children : 

i. Abigail,* m. Joi^eph Foster. 

ii. Freelove, m. Jonathan ingell. 

iii. Lydia, ra. Jonathan .Maconiber. 

iv, Mary Ann, m. Abel Fninklin. 

V. Helen, m. David Arnold, Jr. 

vi. Polly, m. Pelejr Bowcn. 

vii. Sally, d. Dec. 5, 1639, not married. 

viii. Thomas. 

ix. Lincoln, probably m. Mary Short In 1789. 

X. Samuel. 

14. Ebenezer* Andrews (Sajnvel' John,^ Joh?i'), bora at DIghton. 

Mass., January 10, 172G ; .settled in Bristol, N. Y.. and died there 
May 21, 1808; marritd first, PZlizabeth Shaw, of Dighton. She 



25. 


11. 




iii. 


26. 


iv. 


27. 


T. 


28. 


yi. 


29. 


vii 



188G.] Genecdogii of the Andrews Famil^j. 25 

died ^Nlay 3, 17G7. Pie married second, Dec. 24, 17C8. IMary Fran- 
cis, of Digliton. She died in 1 SOS, a few weeks before her hus- 
band. By Elizabeth his first wife, he had : 

i. Ebenezer,* b. in Diiihton, June 4, 1752 : never married. 

]Melice.nt, b. in I). April 5. 1754 ; ni. :?etli Ftirrar, of Berkley, Mass. 

Stephen, b. in D. April 4. 1756; d Oct. 8. 175(i 

Stephen, h. in D. AuLMist ::2(), 1757 : m. first, Deborali Williams; m, 

6tC(ind, IJannali Williain?:, both of Dii:htun. 
LvDiA, b. in f). Supt. 3, 1759; m. William Goodin;^, of Dighton. 
Sabrina, b. in D. f'eb. 4, 17H-2 ; m. Azariah Shove. 
Caroline, b. in D. iMarch 14, 1765; m. James Gooding, of Dighton. 

By Mary, his second wife, he had : 

30. viii. Samuel, b. in I). July 2, 1771 ; m. Dorcas .\ldrich, of Farmington, N.Y. 

31. ix. Benjamin, b. in D. Feb. 2S. 1775 ; m. Amy Ciuiwnrth. of Freetown, *ds. 
X. Marv, b. in D. ; m. Nichols, and settled in Kentucky. 

32. xi. Sally, b. in D. Oct. 10, 1761 ; m. Faunce Godding. 
xii. Betsev, b. in D., d. in Maes. 

xiii. Joseph, b. in D., d. at sea. 

15. JoHN'^ Andrews (Samuel^ John,' JcJm^), born in Diehton. Mass., 
IMarch 13, 112'J. He was a sea-captain and died at St. F!ustatius, 
"West Indies, in June, 17G7 ; married in 1754 Elizabeth Talbot, of 
Dighton. They had : 

i. Elizadeth,* b. in Diirhton ; m. in 1782. Samuel Whitmarsh. 

33. ii. Hannah, b. in D. 1761 : m. Epiuaim Hatfiaway, of D. 

34. iii. John, b. in D., drowned there Jan. 23. Ib07, in 43d ye-.ir ; m. first. Pa- 

tience Hathaway, of D. ; in. second, Sally Pettis, of Somerset, M-iss. 
iv. IcHABOD, b. in D. Aug. 19, 1767 ; d. young. 

IG. Ei.KAXAii* Andrf."\vs {Samuel.^ John* John''-), born in Dighton, 
Slarch 4, 1731, and was a sea-captain. lie made many voyasres to 
the West Indies and South America, and died at Essequibo, B.-it- 
ish Guiana, June 8, 1787. He married Alice Beal, of Diirhton- 
She was born Nov. 2, 1739, and died June 13, 1808. They ha i : 
Alice,* b. at Diirht"n. Jan. 12. 1758 ; m. Rev. Jnhn Smith, of D. 
Elkanah, b. at D. Ftb. 29, 1760; m Elizabeth Talbot, of D. 
Joseph, b. at D. April 5, 1TB4 ; m. Xancv Talbot, of D. 
David, b. at D. March 19. 1760; in. Phebe Siuith, of Bristol, R. I. 
PoLLV, b. at 1). Feb 26, 17<)8 ; m. fir-t. Dr. George Ware, of DigL-on ; 

m. second, Dr. William Wood, of D. " 

William, b. at D. May 7, 1770 ; m. Mary Baylies, of D. 
vii. Thomas, b. at 1), Dec. 4. 1772 : m. Mary Leonard, of Raynham. 
viii. Clarissa, b. at D. Feb. 18, 1775 ; m. Capt. William Richmond, of D. 
ix. Job, b. at D. April 2, 1779 ; d. May 28, 1799 ; not married. 

17. Zepiianiah^ Andrews {Samuel,^ John? John^), born at DiGrh:':T3, 
Mass., Feb. 9, 1738; settled in Providence. R. I., in 1756, whffre 
he lived the remainder of his life. He was one of the first Uiji- 
versalists of Providence, a man of active mind, a reader and wr:"cr. 
He was colonel of the Providence Marine Artillery, and died .Jar.'";i- 
ary 23, 1816. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Capt. Benjuraia 
Eddy, of Providence. They had: 

42. i. Benjamin,* b. in Providence, Feb. 19, 1764 ; m. Elizabeth Gladdinir. 

43. ii. Mary, b. in P. Dec. 2, 1765; m Peter (irinnell, of Little Corfliuon, ti, I, 
iii. Charles, b. in P. March 20, 1768 ; d. Dec. 29, 1797; not married. 

44. iv. Elizabeth, b. in P. Nov. 17, 1770; m. William Taylor, of Little C:iX,r>- 

ton, R. I. 
T. John, b. in P. Nov. 4. 1773 ; d. Aug. 17, 1776. 

45. \I. Susannah, b. in P. April 3, 1776 ; m. Benjamin Rowland. 
VOL. XL. 3* 



35. 




36. 


ii. 


37. 


iii. 


38. 


iv. 


39. 


V. 


40. 


vi. 




vii 


41. 


vii 



26 ^otes and Documents concerning Hugh Peters. [Jan. 

vii. Sally, b. Oct. 27. 17S0 ; d. April I. 1781. 
Tiii. John, b. Feb. 2, 1782 ; d. June G. 17.^3. 
46. ix. JoBN, b. in P. Jan 3, 17Sfi ; ui. Be:<ey Whipple, of Cumberlimd, R. 1. 
X. ZEPHiNiAH, b. in P. July 20, 17Si ; d. 1S20 ; not married. 



The compiler is under great obligations to Capt. J. "W. D. Hall, of Taun- 
ton, a descendant, for much valuable information. 

Many of the lines have been brought down to the present time, and the 
compiler expects soon to publish it all for the benefit of those interested. 
Those having dates and facts of the Andrews family lines, partiailv iiiven 
in the foregoing record, will please communicate with the compiler. 



NOTES AND DOCUMENTS CONCERNING HUGH PETERS. 
Communicated by G. D. Scull, Esq., of London, England. 
[Continued from toI. xxxLs. page 378.] 

Notes. 
Thomas Ross, who was associated with Elias Ashmole in the examina- 
tion of Hngh Peters in the Tower of London,* was the " Keeper of his 
.Majesties Libraries." Concerning the examination, Aslimole, in the pre- 
face to his Antiquities of Berkshire, says that " On June L8, IGGO the church 
and state being restored to its Antient Glory M' Aslimole was introduced 
by M' Thomas Chifinch to kiss the King's hand, with uhom he discoursed 
some hours the next day and then was constituted Windsor Herald arnl his 
patent signed on the 22'* of the same month and took the Common oa:hs of 
his Office on Aug' 10 following. Soon after this he was appointed bv the 
King to make a description of his Medalls and had them delivered in:o his 
hands and King Henry VHI'"" closet assigned for that purpose. At tlie 
same time was also a Commission issued out for the Examination of that 
infamous Buffoon and Trumpeter of Rebellion Hugh Peters Conceruin^'- 
the disposal of the Pictures, Jewells &," belonging to the Royal Faaily 
which were committed chiefly to his Care and sold and dispersed over 
Europe and ate yet in the Closets of several Princes who then c^nLsived 
at, nay encouraged the depredations made on the Royal Exile and enriched 
their own Cabinets with the invaluable Curiosities of England at a very 
cheap rate which neither Generosity, Honour, nor Justice has ever induced 
them to restore though they well knew the invalidity of the Title upon 
which they purchased ; but crowned Heads have as little regard to Honour 
or Justice when they interfere with their Interest, as the vulgar else how 
shall we account for their Courting the Usurper Conceeding to the most 
unreasonable demands, and sacrificing all even to the most sanguine Ex- 
pectations he could entertain. This Commission was soon brought to a 
conclusion by the obstinacy, or Ignorance of their criminall who ei;her 
would not, or wa.s not able to give the desired satisfaction. Thus was this 
matter drop' and every one left, if their own consciences permitted to enjoy 
without molestation the Plunder they had collected." In Dr. Rich'd Raw- 

• This examination of Huj^h Peters was taken, Sept. 12, 16G0, before Sir John R';'::nK>n 
(alderman of London), created a kni-ht June lid, IS'.O, bv Churi;^ II. The i<i!;_-'; crder 
to Sir John and the testimony of Peters are printed in tliC Keoisiee, xxxix. 264. ' 



1886.] JSFotes and Documents co)icerning Hugh Peters. 27 

linson's interleaved copy of Ashniole's *' Antiquities of Berksliire," a note 
is made that *' D' Kawlinson has a catalogue in Mr As-hmoles handwrit- 
ing of the persons names who bought the Kings and Queens goods with 
the sums of money paid for them, collected out of the Contiactor's register 

On the 2Gth June, IGiO, parliament passed "an Act for the sale of the 
Goods and Personal Estate Of tlie late King, Queen and Prince," " Wliere- 
as the Goods and Personal Estate heretofore belonging to t!ie late King 
Charles, and to his wife and eldest son, have been and justly are forfeited 
by them, for their several Delinquencies ; And though t!ie same be of con- 
siderable value yet in regard many parcels thereof are dispersed in several 
hands and places, they may for want of a certain accompt, probably be 
spoiled and imbezled, or made away witiiout advantage to the State, it due 
care be not had, and some speedy course taken to prevent the same; The 
Commons of England assembled iu Parliament, taking the premises into 
their serious consideration have thought tit and resolved — That the said 
Goods and Personal Estate, heretofore belonging to the persons above 
named, and to every, or any of them, shall be inventoried and apprised, and 
shall also be sold, except s'uch parcels thereof as shall be found necessary 
to be reserved for the uses of the State ; Be it therefore Enacted, and it 
is enacted by this present Parliament, and by the authority of the same, 
that John Ilumphrevs and George Withers of Westminster Esqi-% Antho- 
ny Mihlmay, Pvalph "Grafton of Cornhil, Michael Lampier, John Belchamp, 
Philip Cartwriglit of the Isle of Jersey, Gent. Henry Creech, John Foach, 
David Powel a°id tldward Winslow, Gentlemen and Citizens of London, 
shall be, and are hereby constituted and appointed Trustees for the enquir- 
ing out, inventorying, apprizing and securing of the said Goods and Per- 
sonal Estate, and they or any four or more of them, shall be, and are here- 
by authorized, to repair to any and every house or place whatsoever, 
where any of the said Goods, or any part of the said Personal Estate doth 
lie, and to make or cause to be made a true and perfect Inventory or In- 
ventories thereof, and of every part and parcel thereof, which they shall or 
may any way fiude out or discover, and to make a just and equal a[)prize- 
ment of the same & of every part and parcel thereof, according to the true 
value thereof, as they in their judgments and consciences shall think the 
same may reasonably and probably be sold for. expressing iu the said In- 
ventory or Inventories the several sums or values at which the several par- 
cels shall be apprized as aforesaid, and to secure, or cause to be secured, tlie 
said goods, and every part and parcel thereof, at such place or places & iu 
the hands & custody of such person or persons as they shall finde most fit 
and convenient to prevent any spoil and imbezlement thereof, of wluch 
Inventorv or Inventories, with the several apprizements of the premises 
the said Trustees or any 4 or more of them shall make three Diqilicutes 
-certified under their hands and Seals, and expressing the seveml places 
where, and the persons in whose Custody the premises or any part thereof 
respectively are secured as aforesaid, and keeping the Originals in the 
hands of such Clerk register as they shall think fit to imtiloy, shall within 
fourteen days after any such apprizements make return and send one of 
Eaid duplicates to the Councel of State, wdiich shall be ke[)t by the Secretary 
thereof & the other to the other Commissioner hereafter named to be Con- 
tractors for sale of the said Goods, or to the Clerk register whom the said 
Contractors shall impby for that purpose, which shall by him be Piegir^tered 
& safe kept, and the third to the Treasurers hereafter mentioned." The 



2S ^^otes and Documents concerninr/ Ilacjli Peters. [Jan. 

trustees liad ample powers given them to search, examine and issue war- 
rants lor thecallinir of any person before them, suspected as pos-essinir any 
of the late king's ellects. The ngents or olRcers appointed by the trustees 
to execute the various commissions for the search and sale of the said kincr's 
effects, were to be allowed seven pence in the pound out of all such moneys 
made by said sales. The commis.^ioners and contractors appointed for the 
sale of the goods found, were " Daniel Norman of the Isle of Jersey ^ler- 
chant, John Hales of London [Merchant. Clement Kinneri.Iey, John* Price, 
Henry Parre,_ and William Allen Gentlemen and citizens of London."' 
Careful provisions were inserted in the act to regulate the sales and to dis- 
pose of the proceeds. "With regard to certain goods a clause was inserted 
that "whereas divers of the said goods and premi>es are of such a nature, 
as that though by reason of their rarity or antiquity, they may yield very 
great prices in Foraign parts, where such things are much valued yet for 
particular mens use in England they would be accounted little worth, and 
so yield no considerable price, if they should be fortliwidi sold here, accord- 
ing to the foregoing directions. It is therefore further Enacted and Pro- 
vided That for such particulars of the premises as the said Contractors-shall 
find to be of that nature, they or any 3 or more of them may treat & a^^ree 
with any merchant-adventurer or Foreign Merchant about transpordng 
such of the said goods into any Foreign parts where they may be sold at 
the best rates, &c. c\:c." The I'gents or^commissioners of the contractors in 
this business were to be paid by the allowance of five pence in the pound 
upon such sales. The treasurers to receive and disburse all moneys under 
the operation of the act were " Humphrey Jones and John Hunt Gentlemen 
and Citizens of London," and any clerks they mi£,dit need to assist them 
were to be paid by the allowance of two pence iirtlie pound "out of all 
and singular the moneys to be received and accounted for hy them." Par- 
liament made a condition that out of the first monevs raised by the sales, 
30.0()0£ were to be "issued and lent unto the Treasurer of the Navy," 
which said sum before the 2^ day of Mav, 16oU, was to be restored and 're- 
imbursed by said Treasurer of the Navy out of his receipts for tlie Navv." 
Hugh Peters was paid £100, December 24th, IGoG, as - one of the Preach- 
ers m Whitehall Chappell being for | a years salary for y^ same due 17"^ 
December 1G55," and on January 6, 1057, the sum of'£50 to " Hu-rh 
Peters one of the Preachers in Whiteliall Chappell beina for one quarters 
salary for ye same and was due unto him 1° Janij. -lo."" Again on April 
8th, 1058, "To 3P Hugh Peters being in full of a Warr' bearin-r y'^ 30"' 
day of^"" 1656 for y^ paym' of £Io6 unto him 1 00£ thereof Un'iv paid 
unto him as by page f 12'" appears and now more " tl.e sum of £o<)T M"" 
Peter^ Sterry was one of the preachers at Whitehall Chapel associated with 
Mr. Peters, and his pay was also in arrears, he having been appointed in 
October (18), IG-jG, and a payment of £100 on account ma<le the 2Gth De- 
cember of the same year. Hu-h Peters gave up his appoinrment as j)reach- 
er at_ Whitehall to attend tlie army into France. Sir William Lockhart, 
wJio is called " His Ilighness's Ambassador in France," writes from Dun- 
kerk July 8-18, 1G.j8, to " the Hight Hon'- my Lord Thurloe one of the 
Lords ot his highnesse Counsell and princip:.:! Secretary of State." that "I 
could not suffer our worthy friend 3Ir Peters to come away from donkerke 
without a testimony of the greatt benefitts we have all receaved from him 
in this place, wher he hath laid himself forth in greatt Charity and crood- 
nesse, in sermons, prayers, and exhortations, in vi..iting and rJlievint^ the 
Sick and wounded, and in all these profitably applying the singular Talent 



1886.] Ji^otes and Documents concerning Hugh Peters. 29 

God h:\tli bestowed upon him to the two Cheef ends pronper for our awdi- 
tory, for lie iiath not only showen t!ie soldiers their deiity to God, and prest 
it I'.ome upon them I Iirp,» to •j'^od advantage, but hath likewyse acqwainted 
them witli their oblii;;ations of Obedience to his highe government and affec- 
tion to his persone, he hath hxbored amongst us hearo in much good will 
and seems to enlarge his harte towaids us and love of us for many otlier 
things, the effects whereof I desyre to leave upon that Providence which 
hath brought us hither, it were supertinous to tell your IqPp the story of our 
present condition either as to the Civill governent, works, or soldiery, he 
who hath studdied all these more than any I know heare, can ceitaia- 
ly give the best account of them, wherefore I remitt the whole to his in- 
formation and begge your lopp' casting a favorable eie upon such proposi- 
tions as he will offer to your lo^^ for the good of this garr-ison." Another let- 
ter, also bearing the date from the 8tli to the ISth of July, 1658, fi-om •• lord 
ambassador Lockhart " to Secretary Thurloe, makes further mention to 
Hugh Peters. " Mr Peeters hath taken leave at least 3 or 4 tymes but 
srill something falls out which himlers his return to England, he hath been 
twice at bergh and hath spoak witli the lord: three or foure tymes, I kept 
my self by and had a care that he did not importune him with too long 
speeches he returns loaden with ane account of all things hear and hath 
undertaken every mans business, I must give him that testimony that he 
gave us three or foure very honest sermons and if it were possible to gett 
him to mynd preaching and to forbear the trubling of himself with other 
things he woulJ certainly proovc a very fitt Minister for Soldiers. I hope 
he cometh well satisfied from this place, he hath often insinuated to me his 
desyer to stay heare. If he had a Call, some of the officers also hath 
been with me to that purpose but I have shifted him so hansomely as I 
hope he will not but be pleased for I have told him that the greattest ser- 
vice he could do us 'tis to goe to England and Gary on his propositions, and 
to own us in all our other interests which he hath undertaken with much 
zeal." 

Many efforts were subsequently made by Charles II. to obtain the resto- 
ration of the goods belonging to his f ither, and to this end he had a separate 
clause inserted in the Treaty of Peaco concluded between himself and the 
States General, at Breda. 21-31 day of July, 1G67. The following was 
the clause inserted in the treaty : 

" If it happen that any Tapestry, Hangings, Carpets, pictures or House- 
hold furniture of what kind soever or precious stones Jewells, with Curios- 
ities, or other moveable jjoods whatever beloni^iog to the Kincf of Great 
Britain either now or hereafter shall be found to be in the hands or power 
of the said States General or of any of their subjects, the said States Gene- 
rall do promise that they will in no wise protect the possessing of any 
moveables appertaining unto the said King which goods may be taken 
from them in such manner that they who shall make difficulty to restore 
them freely may not be dealt widiall, by any means contrary to equity 
and Justice and the said States do promise to use their most effectual en- 
deavours that a plain and summary way of proceeding may be taken in 
this affair without the ordinary formal method of Process usually observed 
in Courts ; and that Justice be administered whereby his said majesty may 
be Batisfyed soe far as po.-sibly may be without the wrong of any one." 

A committee was also appointed by Charles II. '• authorized for the get- 
ting in atid Compounding for his late Majesty's goods, tS:c." John Single- 
ton, the clerk to the committee, issued a notice 1 July, 1G62, at a meeting 



30 JVotes and Dociunents concerning Hugh Peters. [Jan. 

where Mr. AVilliam Kiimball. Mr. Elias Ashmole, IMr. Francis Ko:ic^r>. 
Col. Hawlev and yiv. IJeaucliamp were present, for a furtlier ailjourri;iu-:it 
to the next Tuesday at Somersett House. Tlieycalled heforc them twelve 
persons who were suspected of possessing articles helonginrr to the late 
king. The committee met from time to thiie. but with iiKlitferent results, 
if we may take the following as a sample. 'Mo. October, MMVl. whereas 
Mrs Willis of y^ Starr Chamber Westminster y« relict of :\P Willis de- 

ceased was this day before the said Com''* & called in question for 2 old 
leaden cesternes and other goods of small value and satisfaction demanded 
for y' same and for as much as the said IMis Willis hath made it appeare 
that y* goods are very inconsiderable & that y'' greatest part thereof are 
fixed to y^ said tenement called y^ starr chamber & there remaineiui: »!t 
therefore prayed that she might be acquitted and discharged thereof, li is 
therefore thought titt & accordingly is ordered that the sau\ Mrs Willis be 
acquitted & forever discharged of"^the said goods & that she be put to no 
further trouble for or by reason of y' same "»i: all persons herein any waies 
concerned are desired to take notice' of this order as occasion shall require." 
The warrant for the appointment of the commission to reclaim the King's 
property was issued 30 June, 1GG2, and the first meeting was held 4 .lufv, 
1602, when the following persons were present :—3Ir. William Rumbaii, 
Mr. Elias Ashmole. Mr. Francis Rogers, Col. Hawley, Mr. Beauchamp. It 
was ordered by the committee that "the "accomptsof the persons hereto- 
fore called Trustees Contractors, and Treasurers for the sale of the ^-oods 
belonging to the late King of ever blessed memory '' should be exanTined, 
and notices were to be served uiion three of tlie late contractors to appe:\r 
at Somerset House on the next Tuesday. The contractors were "y^ wor- 
shipful Clement Kinnersley Esq' veoman of his Majesty's removin-r ward- 
robe, M' Henry Parr, and M' William Allen. Trustees, :Mrs Grafton, the 
widow of Ralph Grafton, Mrs ifoach, the widow of John Foach, and M^ 
Humphrey Jones as one of the treasurers." At a meeting on 

8y«/y, 1CG2, " Humphrey Jones late treasurer for the^ale of the said 
goods bee hereby desired and require<l to send in to them a p'cular acc= of 
what moneys were paid to the late contractors and Trustees, etc." 

18 July, 1662. Mr. Robert Sherley at Bromley, Kent, and Mr. Robert 
Mallery of Scalding Alley, London, having failed to appear when sum- 
moned before the committee, orders were'iiiven to arrest them at their 
dwellings and bring them to the next meeting at the Queen's Council 
Chamher. 

'6d Oct. 1 662. Mr. Marshall, Senior, " hath some small quantity of mar- 
ble and stone that did formerly belong to his Majesty for which he hath 
ottered as a composition for v" said marble. &c. to pay the summe of 4.5 
Shdhngs viz' 30' for his maj-' & Lds. for fees," which the committee ac- 
cepted of. 

_ Sith Oct. 1662. Mrs. ffoach. the widow of Mr. ifoach, required to brincr 
in the following articles, in the keeping of her late husband : '• 1 crea' 
CLaire, 4 cushions. 2 blew chairs. 6 Stooles, a foot sloole of flowered velvet 
laced and fringed (all valued at)— 14£., one Turkey Carpet. 3£, 6 leaser 
lurkey old Carpets, 2£, a Ion:: picture of many figures, 3£. 2 paire r.f 
plaine water pots, 1£ 10. 0, two httle paire of plaine water potts, ten shil- 

lUigS." 

\st Novemher, 1662. The Earl of Salisbury having appropriated "50 
lunnes of fl..ur belonging to his Majesty, to his own use, during the tvme. 
ol tlie lato usurped j)ower," is called upon to meet the commit'tee at" the 
Q^ueeu s Council Chamber. 



188G.] Church Records of Farming ton, Conn. ' 31 

2\st January, 1662—3. Sir Launcelott Lake '■ is called upon to appear 
and give ace' touchiiifj severall hangings of China Sattin, Crimson and 
lemon colour." A letter also written to Mr. Pashall for a picture of a 
landscape done by Bartholomew. A letter also sent to Lady Gray desiring 
to be informed who Lord Gray's executor is. 

]\Ir. Oliver Bowles, without, over against the Mermaide tavern, is noti- 
fied to meet the committee on Friday, 26th Jany. 1662-3, to give account 
of a bedd of crimson damask and other golds ; and Mr. Day in Lumber St. 
is to bring in "the aggot cup with him." 

Mr. Tryham to attend, llth Dec. 1662, about a suit of Hangings of 
" Vulcan and Venus." 3Ir. Adrian about " 2 Christall Salts." ^li\ Eng- 
lish at iMortlake to appear on the 15 April, 1663, to give account of '• y* 
disposition of divers hangings in iiis custody, &.c." Mr. Duart to attend 
^'^ y^ 20 May, 1663, to account for a picture of the Queen liy Vandyke, 
36£, one of y^ Ki»g & Queen with the Lanrell leafe 60-£. a Casket in the 
fashion of a Tortiss 4()£." "To attend 6 March 1662 iYvy day M" Mason 
y* late wife of D'' Mason in Doctors Commons to 2£ a lyidng of a cloke 
or shew cause. Mrs Co^jin at CTreenwich to a Billiard table or shew cause, 
and eight others are summoned for goods not named. To attend tlie 13 
March, 1663. " M'' Sergeant Glynne in Portugal Row in Lincohis Inn- 
fields, for a picture of an Italian familye done by Perdenino {Purdenone) 
to 2 pence to y* messenger." and four others summoned. 

It was ordered in the Committee that as 3L-. Thomas Beauchamp '• Iiath 
beene at more than ordinary pains and care in discovering y* said goods 
belonging to her Majesty that out of the moiety of all moneys received, the 
said Tiiomas Biauchamj) shall receive 2-5 part and Robert Jenkins Estjuire 
Clerk of her i\Lijesties Counsell, Henry Brown, Gent, and Colonel Wil- 
liam Ilawley each of tliem one fifth part of such money recovered." 



CHURCH PvECORDS OF FARMIXGTOX, COXX. 

Comniunidtetl by Ji-lus Gay, X.'Sl., of Furminiton, Conn. 
[Continncd from vol. xxxix. page 341.] 

January 3, 1763 Departed this life Susannah Dr. of David Hills. 

January 26, 1763 Departed this life Giles son of Ezekiel Cowles. 

Jany 27, 1703 Departed this life Rhoda Dr. of Timo North 

February 2, 1763 Departed this lift: the Wife of Stephen Ainlruss. 

February 22, 1763 Departed this life ^V'idow Wadsworth of Ensign Na- 
thaniel. 

April II, 1763 Departed this life Joseph Newell. 

May 1763 Departed tins life David Grant. 

June 11, 1763 Departed this life a clnld of Charles Stodman. 

August 6, 1763 Departed this life Elijah son of Tim° Wadsworth. 

August 21, 1763 Departed this life Thomas Couch. 

August 22. 1763 Departed this life Paul Andruss. 

September 26, 1763 Departed this life Lucy a Babe of Tim"" Woodruff. 

October 18. 1763 Departed this life S^-th son of Mr Gay. 

Novr. 2, 1763 Departed this life George son of Tin.' Xurtou. 

Novr. 27, 1763 Departed this life a Child of James Lu-ike. 



32 Chto'ch liecords of Farmivgfo7i, Coiin. ' [Jan. 

January 16, 1704 Departed this life Nath" a babe of Nath" Wads- 
worth. 

Feb'y 4. 1704 Departed this life Olive Dr. of Matt'''' Woodruff. 

February 20, 1764 Departed tliis life S;inniel Gridley. 

May I'j" 1764 Departed tliis life Wid" Elizabeth Woodruff. 

August ], 1764 Departed this life Elizabeth, Dr. a babe of James 
Cowles. 

August 5, 1704 Departed this life Joel {1 ) babe of Gideon Belding. 

Au<'ust 12, 1764 Carried from tl:e womb to the grave a babe of Thos. 
Newell. 

September 1, 1704 Departed this life Dorothy Dr. of Thomas Norton. 

V October 14, 1704 Departed this life Timothy Gridley 

December 10, 1704 Departed this life d<jse[)h Hooker PZsqr. 

December 23, 1704 Departed this life the Wife of Jacob IJarns. 

January 17, l76o Departed this life Hezekiah Scott. 

February 6, 1705 Departed this life Ijetty Negro Woman. 

April 1, 1705 Departed this life W^ son of Ezekiel Cowles. 

Apiil 3, 1705 Departed this life Ezekiel son of P^zekiel Woodruff. 

April 21, 1705 Departed this life Asahel Merriam. 

May 21), 1705 Departed this life E|)hraim Smith. 

July 2<». 1705 Departed this life W"* Lewis son of Elisha Strong. 

August 20, 1765 Departed this life Solomon son of Solomon Mossage. 

August 27, 1705 Departed this life Abigail Dr. of Doct'' Lee. 

Octolter 6. 1765 Departed this life Esther Ilawley. '' 

October 15, 1705 Departed this life Sarah a babe of Noadiah Hooker. 

October 24, 1705 Departed this life y* Wife of Sylvanus Woodruff. 

Febru;ii-y 20, 1700 Dejiartcd this life Stephen Andruss. 

February 23, 1700 Departed this life a Child of Matt. Woodruff. 

March !"2. 1700 Departed this life a Babe of Capt" Judah AVoodruff. 

June 10, 1700 Departed this life Nathaniel Thomson. 

July 14, 1700 Departed this life Wid'' Woodruff. 

July 18, 1700 Departed this life a ChiM of Sol" Massugg — Indian. 

August 10, 1700 Departed this life Docf Thomas Matlitirr" 

August 18, 1700 Departed this life the Wife of Seth Kellogg. 

Sepreiidjer 11, 1700 Departed this life ^Litthew Woodruff. 

Oct' 1700 Carried to the Grave two Babes of Noadiah Hooker, 

Novend»er 20, 1700 Departed this life William Porter. 

November 28, 1700 Departed this life George a BabeofTinn. INLirsh Jr. 

December 7, 1700 Departed this life the AVife of Tim" ^Lirsh Jr. 

December 11, 1700 Departed this life Wid" Susarma Woodruff. 

December 25, 1700 Departed this life Wid" Bid.vell. 

February 8, 1707 Departed this life a Daghter of Aaron Woodruff. 

[A leaf lost.] 

March 19, 1770 Departed tliis life Erastus son of ^Mr. Gay. 

^lay 11, 1770 Departed thi^ life y^ Wife of Deacon Portter. 

May 10, 1770 Departed this life a Child of Tim" Woodruff. 

June 30, 1770 De[)arted this life Dan" son of Dan' Thomson. 

July 15, 1770 De{tarted this life the Wife of ^Mr. Seth Lee. 

August 18, 1770 Departed this life Eliz: Daugr. of Dea" Dorchester. 

August 21. 1770 Departed this life a Babe of Gift Hills. 

Novr. 1, 1770 Departed this life a Child of And)rose Callins. 

Novr. 18, 1770 De[)arted this life a Babe of Aaron WoO'lruff. 

January 1, 1771 Departed this life Abr™ a babe of Elijah Woodruff. 



1886.] 



Church Records of Fannin (j ton ^ Conn. 



33 



January 13, 1771 
January 13. 1771 
Feb^ 13, 1771 
February "21. 1771 
April 1771 

April 12, 1771 
April 12, 1771 
April 16, 1771 
May 25, 1771 
June 20, 1771 
July 11, 1771 
July 16, 1771 
July 17, 1771 
August 18, 1771 
Septr. 13, 1771 
Septr. 14, 1771 
Octr. 11, 1771 
Xovr. 5, 1771 
Xovr. 17, 1771 
December 13, 1771 
January 22, 1772 
February 19, 1772 
February 27, 1772 
March 8, 1772 
March 10, 1772 
March 19, 1772 
March 22, 1772 
May 30, 1772 
June 4, 1772 
June 10, 1772 

July 28, 1776 
August 14, 1776 
August 22, 1776 
August 24, 1776 
August 26, 1776 

August 29, 1776 
August 31, 1776 
Septr. 3, 1776 
Septr. 10, 1776 
Septr. 11, 1776 
Septr. 13, 1776 
Septr. 1776 



Departed this life Benjamin Hawley. 

Departed this life the Wife of Stephen Hart Jun'. 

Dejiarted this life Peg a Negro Woman. 

Departed this lite 'Slv. Tliomas Wadsworth. 

Departed this life Nath^ a son of Rezin Gridley. 

Departed this life a Babe of Doct"" Asa .Johnson. 

Departed this life a Babe of Peter Curtiss. 

Departed this life a Babe of Heman Watson. 

Departed this life Eliz: Daugv. of Tini^ Portter Jr. 

Departed this life John Strong .Jr. 

Departed this life Allan Merril. 

Departed this life Lydia North. 

Departed this life Jemima Warner. 

Dej)arted this life Chauncey son of David Hart. 

Dt-parted this life a Babe of Docf Hosmer. 

Departed this life Abigail Eyans. 

Departed this life P!!lizabeth Dag'' of Benj° Andruss. 
Departed this life Ephraim sou of Tim° WoodrutF. 

Departed this life a Dairtr. Child of Zadoc Orvis. 

Departed this life the Wife of Isaac Gridley. 

Departed this life Zenas son of David Hart. 

Departed this life William Cole. 

Departed this life the Wife of Ens" James Cowles. 

Departed this life a Babe of Ebenezer Hubbard. 

Carried to the grave a Babe of Capt. .Judah Woodruff. 
Departed this life y* Wife of Solomon Whitman Esq. 
Departed this life a babe of Levi Clarke. 
Departed this life Cyprian son of Eneas Cowles. 
Departed this life a Babe of Gift Hills. 
Departed this life a Child of Sam^ Adams — Indian. 

[A leaf lost.] 
Departed this life Sidney son of W" Wads';\"orth. 
Departed this life Titus son of Eli Andruss. 
Departed this life Col Fisher Gay at N. York. 
Departed this life the Wife of Amos Tubbs. 
Departed this life Theodosia Dag'' of Sam' Stedman 

Jr. 
Departed this life Sarah Daug' of Mr. Thomas Lewis. 
Departed this life y^ Wife of 3Ir. James Judd. 
Departed this life Benj" Ilawley, a Child.. "' 
Departed this life Ruth Gridley. 
Departed life a Dag'' of Ebenezer Caronton. 
Departed life the Wife of Ebenezer Caronton. 
Departed life in y' Army Ensign Solomon Curtis3, 
Noadiah Woodruff*, Phinehas Caronton, Isaiah Post, 
Ira Judson, Mark Woodruff, Ebenezer Dickinson, 
Joel Root & Gad Browuson, Elijah WoodrutF. 

[To be continued.] . . 



VOL. XL. 



I 



Genealogical Gleanings in England. [Jan. 



GENEALOGICAL GLEAXIXGS IX ENGLAND. 

By Hkxry F. Water?, A.M., now residing in London, Eng. 
[Continued from vol. xxxix. pnge X,i.'\ 

11. "\yiLLIA:\I RENDLE has publis1ie<l in the Atheiiruum of 
April 18, July 11 and Oct. 24, 1885, some communications as 
to tlie gcncalo^y of John Harvard, and in certain quarters allusions 
have been made to a '"controversy" on the subject. There i- pro- 
perly speaking no controversy at all. There is and can be no 
question whatever in the minds of those conversant with the tacts 
in the case as to who discovered the parentage and ancestry of John 
Harvard. The credit of this remarkable discovery belongs undeni- 
ably to Mr. Henry F. Waters, and to him alone. 

The facts in the case are briefly these. Mr. liendle seem? to be 
a local antiquary who has, I believe, lived many years in -S'luth- 
wark, and who has spent much time among the records there, and 
has undoubtedly there done good work. But unfortunately for ^Mr. 
Eendle, there is not in this case so far a single scrap of evidence to 
show- that there is anything whatever in the Southwark records to 
establish the slightest possible connection between the llirvar Is of 
that Unrough and John Harvard of Emmanuel College and of New 
England. There were Harvards in Southwark, it is true, and per- 
haps in other parts of Surrey, just as tliere Avere Harvards in Dev- 
onshire, Somerset, Dorset, Wilts, Middlesex, Warwickshire, and 
doubtless in other parts of England. The problem was to iden- 
tify, among them all, the father of J(jhn Harvard. So far as Mr. 
Eendle was concerned, this problem might have remained un-ulved 
to the end of time, for there was nothing in the Southwark records 
which would have enabled him to solve it. 

The proof of this relationship Mr. Waters discovered after much 
research in the records of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury. 
There he found, among others, the wills of John Harvard's tather, 
mother, brother, uncle, aunt, two step-fathers and father-in-law. This 
proved the whole family connection. If ^Ir. Waters had stopped there 
and gone not a step firther, it would have been enough to completely 
dispel the mystery which had so long enveloped the birth and early 
life of the benefactor of the noble University. After tluis tinally 
solving the problem he went to Southwark merely for su[)pl'"rnental 
evidence, not at all necessary however to substantiate his case, and 
there in the parish registers he found the record of the bap:i:^m of 
J(jhn Harvard and other collateral matter. 

Information of this visit of Mr. Waters to Southwark and its suc- 
cessful result was communicated to several persons. That ^Ir. 
Eendle was apprised of it by one of them can be shown by cviucuce 
both direct and circumstantial. 



1SS6.] Genealogical Gleaniiirjs in England. 35 

In articles publi^li'-'il by Mr. Xvoiidle in the Genealogist for April 
and July, ISSi (X. S. i. 107 ami 1S"2), lie gives the names of the 
Ilarvanls fouml by him in the records of St. Saviour's, Southu'ark. 
But there nowhere appears in his list the name of our John Harvard. 
He even quotes the late Chaplain S/imucl Benson as saying tiiat ''he 
cannot find tiie name of John Harvard, the founder, but that he had 
no doubt he was b(n'n of this faniily of Harvard of St. Saviour's." 
Mr. Bendle then adds: " After careful, I will not say exhaustive 
examination, of the original books and [)apers, I am quite of the same 
opinion." On page 1S2 he quotes the entry in the books of Emman- 
uel College, where Harvard is said to be of ^Middlesex, and in a 
foot-note talks of drawing tlie ''' attention of officials of ^Middlesex 
chuix'hes to the name John Hxrvard, and the dates circa IGOo raid 
after." Mr. Rendle, although fully apprised of the fact that Har- 
vard, Harverde and Harvye were merely diiferent forms of the same 
fi\mily name, had evidently overlooked the entry of Harvard's bap- 
tism, or had failed to recognize it, or to a})p)reciate the importance 
of the entry, even if his eye had ever rested upon it, and was as 
late as July, LSS-i, turning to ^liddlesex fn- the record of it, having 
apparently given up all hope of finding it in Southwark. The " ex- 
tremely diverse spelHng" of the name, l)cing already well known 
to him, will by no means account for this fiilure. 

On the lltii of Ai)ril, 1885, a date, be it remembered, subse- 
quent to ^Ir. Waters's visit to Snithwark and his discovery of the 
record of this baptism, ]\[r. Kendle published in the South Lraidon 
Press a letter, whicli with some additions he again publisiied in the 
Athenanim of April 18th. 

In tliis letter he printed conspicuously in Italics the record of this 
baptism, and added, ''I believe" him ''to be the founder" of 
Harvard College, but he neither then nor has he since offered any 
proof of his own to substantiate his belief or to show any reasonable 
grounds for it. Sometime, therefore, between July, 1884, and 
April, 1885, ]Mr. Rendle saw a great light. He evidentl_y does not 
mean to tell us how or when this flashed upon him. But lie unwit- 
tingly, in the very letter above referred to, shovv-s us the source of 
his information in these significant words : '' The clue, or ratiier the 
result of the clue, is befjre me. I bcHeve that some American 
friends, anxious to do lionor to their benefactor and his birth-place, 
are now among us. It would have been pleasant to me to have 
known them ; probably now I may." Of course he did not know 
"them." But v/lien we consider that at the very time he ])enned 
these lines ]Mr. Rendle knew that the long search for John Harvard 
was over, that even the record of his baptism had been found and 
that Mr. AVaters was th.o successful discoverer, the extremely dis- 
ingenuous and misleading nature of this a!hi-ion to American friends 
can be readily seen. ^Vhat is the "clue" t!ie result of whicli ^Ir. 
Rendle had before him? Dues he mean to say that somebody else 



»', :i 



36 Genealogical Gleaniyirjs in Enrjland. [Jan. 

had the clue and that he had only the result? The general denial 
made by W. D. in the Atheuceuui of July 11th, 18Sj, is ahogether 
too vague. It should be more specific if it is expected tluit much 
weight should be attached to it. 

There seems indeed to be a confusion or haziness in Mi*. Rjndle's 
mind as to what constitutes not merely legal but even genealocrical 
proof. ]Mr. Waters, on the other hand, like a true genealogist, 
has made a scientific treatment of the sul)ject, and shows us step 
by step how he reached the successful result of his search, and on 
what his conclusions are based. He gives us the pediirree of Har- 
vard and the proof by which it can be substantiated. That the 
search was an independent one, is shown by ^Ir. llendle's chief and 
only witness "\Y. D., who, in the letter above referred to. kindly 
proves Mr. Waters's case for him by admitting that ]\Ir. Kendle's 
offer of assistance was '' neither acted on nor acknowledged " by 
Mr. Waters. 

In an article in the New England Historical and Genealogical 
Register for July, 1885, I expressed my astonishment at what I 
called this "extraordinary proceeding" on the part of ^Ir. Rendle. 
That such a proceeding is happily considered as extraordinary in 
England as it is here, and that the standard of literary inorality is at 
least as high there as here, is shown by the fact that I have before 
me, as I write, letters from several English antiquaries whose names 
are known on both sides of the Atlantic, and who are fully cognizant 
of the facts in the case, who express surprise at what they call the 
"strange conduct" of Mr. Rendle. As these are private letters, not 
intended for publication, I have no right to quote them in this mat- 
ter, but the evidence thus afforded is overwhelming. 

Mr. Eendle's pamphlet, a copy of which I have only lately 
seen, will, I understand, be reviewed elsewhere and by abler 
hands than mine. I will therefore not take up space to point out 
certain inaccuracies in it, which are patent to everyone who has 
given much thought to the subject. I will content myself with 
calling attention to the fiict that it furnishes not an iota of j)roof 
of the connection of John Harvard of Southwark with John Har- 
vard of New England, except what is taken from ^Ir. "Water^'s 
pamphlet on the subject. This indebtedness ^Nlr. Kendle is, how- 
ever, careful to acknowledge, and he lias conspicuously marked with 
a W. the source of information thus obtained. It is instructive to 
notice how plentifully sprinkled Mr. Kendle's pages are with this 
initial letter. 

I freely admit — now that Mr. Waters has conclusively shown that 
John Harvard was a Southwark man, and has put this statement in 
print so that all may read — that Mr. Rendle's local knowledge as a 
Southwark antiquary may enable him to carry on still further the 
investigations in that Borough, and I certainly tru.-t that he may 
Bupplemeut and add to the already accumulating data concernuig 



1886.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 37 

the early life of the hcnefactor of America's oldest and most famous 
University. Any such su[)plenieiit:d and corroborative material wiil 
command the attention of antiquaries on both sides of the ocean, 
and will deserve and receive due recog'nitiou on their part. 

John T. HLvssam. 



Edwakd Pakics citizfn & meroliant tailor of London. 23 January lC-50. 
To wife INfar}' Parks, in lieu of her diirds, fifteeu hundred ])oun(ls (in va- 
rious payments) auii one third of the phite aud hoiiseliohl stuff, and all rliat 
my freeliold messuage or tenement with its appurtenances, &c. which I 
lately purchased of ^\'i^iam Pennoyer of London, merchant, wlierein I now 
dwell, in the parish of Stepney, being the North western part of that Lireat 
messuage formerly the possession of the Kight Hon. lieury Earl of Vror- 
cester. 3Iy wife to have the education of my children. 

If my sou Llenry Parks shall within three months, &c. and after notice 
given, release and quitclaim, &c. all his part of all my goods, &c. (accord- 
ing to the custom ot the city of London) and release to George Jackson of 
Sandhurst in the county of Kent all his part of lands, &c. in 3Iaid- 
stone in the County of Kent which I lately have sold to George Jack- 
sou, then I give & bequeath imto him three hundred jiounds (in various 
payments). And further I give vfc bequeath unto my said son Henry Purks 
and his heirs forever, in consideration as well of the release l)y him to be 
made to my brother George Jackson of the lands in 3Ludstone, &c. tul mv 
messuages, houses, lands, tenements & hereditaments situate, lying and 
being in New England in the parts of America beyond the seas. 

If my son Edward Parks, within three months next after notice given 
him of my death and after he shall attain the age of twenty & one y^ars, 
release his part of personal estate according to purport of an indenture, 
dated 26 June 1640. between me the said Edward Parks, of the one pare, and 
Thomas Westby of Fresby in the county of York, gentleman, aud Edward 
Gell of lirimington in the county of Derby Esq.. of the other part, then I 
give and bequeath unto the said Edward three score pounds for his prefer- 
ment & placing him to apprentice. To my son John live hundred pounds 
within three mouths after he attains the age of twenty-one years, and to 
sons "William & Steidien (the same amoimt with the same limitation). 
To daughter Elizabeth Parks five hundred pounds at twenty-one or day of 
marriage. To sous Thomas. Dannett. Francis Ot Samuel (legacies similar to 
their brother John's aliovej. To ^lark, Francis kS: Susan Wilcox, three of the 
children of my sifter Alice Wilcox, ten pounds apiece, & to Anne Wilcox 
another daughter twenty pounds, to be paid, the sons at twenty-one and 
the daughters at that age or day of marriage. Penueaths to the widow 
Brewer, to JNLirtha Wilson now wife of Thomas Wilson, being both my 
late servants, to my <laughter ]\Lary. now wife of Thomas Planipin and my 
two grand children Thomas and Edward Plampin. Reference to lands iu 
Hadleigh in the county of Suffolk lately bought. 

My son in law Thomas Plampin and cousin John Bagnall. both of Lon- 
don, merchant tailors, to be my executors and my brothers D*" William Forth 
aud Dannett Forth of Loudon, woollen draper, to be overseers. A Tiiomas 
Forth a witness. 

The above will was proved 29 January 1G50 ; but the executors having 
died I'efore fulfilling th<dr trust a commission was i'^sued 2'd I\Lirch V) 
to John Parkes, a son &. legatee. He also died before completing Ids ad 

VOL. XL. 4* 



( o 



38 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [Jan. 

ministration, and commission was issued 3 November, 1C81. to Mary Cavr- 
lej ats Parkes, the widow relict of said defunct, itc. Grev 10. 

[A full abstract of this will was printed in a note in Mass. Hist. Sue. Collections. 



was 




le 

wiirof Mrs. Elizabetir Dell, sister of' Henry lhN\rht.''in''whio!i si'ie Tnrati'on's her 
nephew \\ illmm Parks. She also menti(jus her brother Henry Bright, William 

Forth and Uloweis, her sister Martha Eluwers, her cousin Uawby E<n 

and her nephew Dr. AVilliara Forth. ^ ' 

Henry Parks, son of Edward, sold in 1655. his land in Carabridn-e to John Sted- 
man, and very probably came here for tlie purpose. This particular branch how- 
ever, then ceased to have any connection with ^Sgv^ Endand. But at Cambrido-e 
one of the early settlers was Dea. Richard Parke, 1G3S-1655. whose son Thomas 
had a son Edward. At Pvoxbury was William Parke, wliose will of 20 July V6S\ 
mentions only tliree daughters and their children, brotlier Tiiomas Parks of Ston- 
ington, deceased, and brother iiamuel with his sons Robert and William. Sava"-e 
says that these three were sons of Robert of "Wethersfield and New London, who 
died in 1G65. \ ery probably this Robert was tlie man who wrote to John Winthrop 
in 16-J9 from Eastcrkale in Luicolnshire (see Mass. Hist. Soc. Coll., 5th S vol i 
p. 19ij, proposing to go to New England. 

These may have been relatives of Edward Parke, who was clearly allied to Win- 
throp through the Furths. The family name of Dannett ought also to lead to some 
trace of this family. 

The Alice Wilcox, sister of Edward Parks, recalls the William Wilcockes of our 
Cambridge, who died in 1653, leaving a widow Mary (Powell) bat no children and 
a sister Christian Boiden in Old Eno:land. A John Wilcox was of Dorchester 
16G1, and went to_ Middletown. The names \Vilcox, Hastings, Fox and Hall are 
in the Leicestershire Visitations, and Wilcox also in Rutland.— W. H. Whitjiore.] 

WiLLiAM^GooRE of Nether Wallop in the county of Southampton cren- 
tleman, 9 November 1587. To wife Joaiie, eldest son William, alTuiv 
land called Garlacks. To my four youngest sons llichard, John. Nicho'- 
las and "William Goore the younger all my laud in Newinu-ton, in the 
county of Wilts, and in Basingstoke, in the county of South °mpton, and 
two hundred pounds apiece. To my four daugh'ters Agnes, Elizabeth, 
Barbara and Margery Goore two hundred pounds apiece. "^ The executors 
to be my eldest son William Gore and Margaret Reade, the supervisors 
to be Johu Pittman of Quarley, Thomas Elie, Clerk vicar of Nether Wal- 
lop and Leonard Elie of Wonston. 

10 May 1588. Emanavit coiuissio Will"" S' John armigero marito so- 
roris naturalis et Itiine diet def et Leonardo Elie generoso uui superviso- 
rum &c. cum consensu W™' Gore filii &c. durante minori etate eiusdem 
Willmi et Margarete Pteade als Gore alterius executorum &c. 

Rutland, 37. 

William Goee of Nether Wallop in the county of Southampton, gentle- 
man, 22 January 1C55, proved 29 March 1G5G. Wife Elizabeth °to be 
sole executrix. To the poor of Nether Wallop three pounds to be distrib- 
uted in one month after my decease. To my wife a portion of my now 
dwelling house at Garleggs in the parish of Nether Wallop and part of the 
orchard. To my cousin Richard Ilamon. To Amy Singer, daughter of 
my late sister Margaret, and Jane Singer, another duughcer, and Ro^-er 
Singer, a son. To my cousin 2Iary Poore the now wife of John Power 
thirty pounds. To Nicholas & Margaret, son and daughter of my late sis- 
ter W^alliugford, twenty pounds apiece in one year after my decease. To 
my cousin Nichoiaa Gore, son of Nicholas Gore late of Farley deceased, 



1886.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 39 

ten pounds in one year. To Nicholas Hatchet of Nether Wallop five 
pounds in one year. My brother in law M'' Jiobert Sadler, my cousin John 
Poore and uiy cousin Kicluird Miller of Broughtoii. To the now live child- 
ren of Richard Ilanion furty {)Ouuds apiece ami to William Poore and Eliza- 
beth Poore, sou & daughter of my late cousin William Poore deceased, 
forty pounds, and to the now children of my late cousin Thomas .Singer 
deceased, forty pounds. To my godson Richard Shertield, sou of mv late 
brother Roger Sherlield, gentleman, deceased. If ray cousin Nicholas 
Wallingford shall have issue of his body or !Mari;aret Wallingford have 
issue of her body then. cvcc. To John Gore, son of ray late uncle Richard 
Gore. To my uncle Hugh Muudy. Berkeley, 110. 

[In these G'^jre wills Mr. Waters is evidently probing the connections of the an- 
cestors of our Merrimac V:iliey settlers. The villag-.s of Wallop, like tlio^e of 
Chouldcrton, lie upon the edges of the Counties of \\ ihs and Southampton, and 
when Dumuier. Saitonstall and Kawson, with thtir En^-iish associates, had arranged 
for develoi)ing a stock-raising town in New England, they arranged also to secure 
from CO. Wilts and its vicinity the transfer of a colony of practical men not uulv 
accustomed to the care of live stock, but to the trades wliich interlaced in the pro- 
ducts of a stock-raising community. The matter of tiij^t importance was to secure 
ministers witli whom the community would ieel at hume. Rev. 'J'homas Parker 
and hie relatives the Noyes iamily, natives of Choulderton, were secured, and with 
them the Wiltshire men were glad to join. 

In the will, proved 28 March, 16j7, the names of many of the Poore ftimily are 
mentioned as cousins of the testator, and so is Niciiolas \Vallingford. who came in 
the Confidence from Southampton in lfi3S, with other.- — Stephen Kent, John R'jile, 
John Saunders. John and ^Vi:liam Hsley. and more recruits to join their relatives 
who established the town of Newbury. Jusepli Poore. of Newbury, married, 6 Au- 
gust, H>60, Mary Wallingrbrd, daughter of Nicholas, born 'JO August, lGfi3. Antho- 
ny Sadler was a passenger in the same vessel. In the VitsiCition of co. Wilts 
in 1623 are pedigrees of the Sadler family on p. 03. Tue s )n and heir of the family 
given there is R^jbert Sadler, born in liJiJS. who may have been the person mentioned 
us '• brother-in-law " in the will given above. 

The will proved in 15-jS contains an instance, not unonimon at that period, but 
a terrible annoyance to genealogists, of two sons having the same baptismal namo — 
eldest son William, and four youngest sons, among whom is William the ijuun-jf^r. 
The name of Margaret Read recalls t!ie f;ct that the Read and Noyes famdy inter- 
married in the locality of those testators. — John Corrrx Jo.ves Browx.] 

Joseph Blake of Berkley County ia the Province of South Carolina. 13 
December, 1750. My whole estate to be kept together until it raises the sum 
of two thousand pounds sterling money of Great Britain aud one thou- 
sand pounds Proclamation money, or the value thereof, in the currencv of 
this province, exclusive of the maintenance of ray sons Daniel and William 
aud my daughter Ann Blake. After said sums are cleared — to be kept at 
interest and the interest applied towards educating & maintaininrr mv sons 
Daniel &; William and daughter Ann until they arrive at full age. Thea 
one thousand pounds sterling to my son Daniel, the same to sou William 
and the remaining thousand pounds Proclamation money to daughter Ann. 
To son Daniel the plantation I now live on called Newington and a tract 
of land on the Cypress Swamp lying between the lands of M' James Post- 
ell and Barnaby Brandford, part of which I purchased of M"^ James Postell 
deceased, the remainder I took up of the King; and that part of my land 
on Charles Town Neck v\hich lies between the High Road and Cooper 
River ; and fifteen hundred acres to be taken out of my lands on Cum bee 
River between M" Hudson's land and the land I bought of Colonel Wil- 
liam Bull, the line to run towards Calf Pen Savauah as far back as will 
take in the fpiantity of fifteen hundred acres ; and a [.lanration containing 
five hundred & ninety-seven acres in two tracts bounding on M" Doninors 



40 GenealocjicaJ Gleanings in England. [Jan. 

an«i ]M" Drake to the North East aud to the North West on 3P^ l)oniii<:.s, 
M" Sacheveralls and Doctor JJri*baiies, to the South West on a tract'of 
land which was formerly M' Dowses but now mine aud on 'SI' Wavs, to 
the South P'ast on M'' llichard Warings. To son William i?c liis heirs for- 
ever my plantation containing more or less on Wadmelaw River and new 
cut, commonly called Plainslield, lying between lands of ^i"" Julm Atcl.iu- 
son and M' Fuller ; and thac part of my land on Charles Town Neck tluit 
lies between the High IJoad and Ashly liiver, bounding on M'" Gudsdens, 
M'' Hunts & M"' John Humes ; aud two tracts of land Iving lieLweeu Yl' 
Atchinsons and M"" Stoboes, one tract containing two hundred Oc thirty 
acres, the other seventy-six acres ; and two tracts of laud contaiuinc four 
hundred i& forty acres purchased of Stephen Dowse by M" Jennis, bouud- 
iug on 3P William Elliott, M' John Drayton & 3P Graves. 

I give and bequeath unto my loving daughter Rebecca Izard, to her and 
her heirs forever a tract of land containing eighteen hundred Ot seventy 
three acres in Granville County on the Lead of Coosaw, ILitchers and 
Chili Fhiua Swamp, bounding ou James Therrs to the North West ; and 
an Island on Port Royal River in Granville County commonly called Cat 
Island, containing four hundred acres. I give and bequeath to my loviuf 
daughter Ann Blake one thousand acres of land to be laid out by my exec- 
xitors and executrix ou the Calf Pen Savanah to be cakeu out of mv laiids on 
Cumbee on the head of the ^aid tracts and an island containing- two hundred 
and eighty-six acres of laud in Granville County on the North East side of 
Port Royal River and on all other sides on marshes and c.-eeks out of the 
said River. 1 give all my Real estate, not already given, devised or be- 
queathed, unto my two sous Daniel & William IJlake. all niv household 
goods & plate to be divided between my two sons Daniel Oc AViiiiam <k my 
daughter Ann Blake, to each a third. To son Daniel my coach & harness 
aud Prime Thorn, his wife Jjetty Molly & all their children which they 
have or shall have. To son William Wally Johnny IMolatto Peter Mol 
Juda &■ ail their children, &c. To daughter Ann Blake Lampset Nanny 
Patty &, Molly child of Hannah &, all their children, &c. Ail the residue 
of my pergonal estate (not already given, devised or bequeathed ) unto 
my four children Rebeccah Izard, Duuiel Blake, William Blake i; Anu 
Blake, to be equally divided. 

I nominate, &c. daughter Rebecca Izard, sou Daniel Blake and son 
Raliih Jzard executrix et executors & guardians to my children until they 
attain the ages of twenty-one years, &c. & to improve the estate of my said 
children either by putting money at Interest, buying slaves or any other 
way they shall judge most advantageous. 

Wit: Jacob Molte, William Roper, Alexan<]er Rigi>-. 

Charles Towu So : Carolina Secretarys Office. 

The foregoing AVriting of two sheets of paper is a true copy from the 
Original will of the Ilon'^'* Joseph Blake Esquire deceased. Examined 
& certified p William Pinckney Dep'^ Sec'^. 

II February 1752 Depositions of John Ouldfield, of South Carolina, plant- 
er, &. William George, freeman of South Carolina, at present residing in 
the city of London, gentleman. 

The will was proved 20 February 17o2 by Daniel Blake Esq. sou, &c. 
&c. Power reserved for the other executors. Bettesworth, 30. 

Gkougi; Joxes, of the City of Philadelphia in the Province of Penn- 
sylvania, yeoman, having a design by the Permission of the Almighty to 



-.!! .U 



1886.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 41 

puss over the seas, 22 September 1743. To Sarah Toms cliuighter of Pxob- 
crt Toms twenty pounds current money of Ponusylvania. to be paid her at 
her aire of eis^h'teen years. To Thomas llowanl of tlie city of Philadel- 
pliia.loyi't-r, all mv ri^ht & title of et to my seat in Christ church in Phila- 
delphia.' To Mary Ilouard. daughter of 'Thomas Howard, ten pounds at 
aiie of eighteen. To Andrew Ko^)ert^on. miller at 'We^scliickeu. my horse, 
saddle & bridle, my waich tt seal thereto athxed. To Kattrine Ilintou 
one hundred pounds immediately after my decease. &c. provided that the 
said Katrine do not marry till after my decease. To Abraham Pratt, of 
the city of Philadelphia joyner, twenty pounds, &c. To the children of 
niv brother James .Tones decease<l, of the parish of S' .John at Brogmore 
Green in the County of Worcester in Great Britain, & to my sister p:iiza- 
beth Clay, of the city of Worcester, & to her children, all the rest & i-e- 
mainder of my estate'. Real & Personal, to be equally divided. 

I do nominate & appoint .Jonathan Robeson of Philadelphia Esq.. Law- 
rence Anderson, of Philadelphia merchant, and Jacob Duchee, shopkeeper 
in ^larket Street, executors. 

Wit: William Cunningham, Warwick Coats John Chapman. 

14 February 1752 Admon. with the will annexed of the goods «S= chat- 
tells, i^cc. of George Jones late of the city of Philadelphia, in the Province 
of Pennsylvania, but at the city of Worcester deceased, lying and being in 
that part of Great Britain called England only but no further or otherwise, 
was granted to Elizabeth Clay, wiefow, the natural & lawful sister of the 
said deceased & one of the Re'siduary Legatees named in said will, for that 
Jonathan Robeson Esq., Lawrence Anderson & Jacob Duchee, the execu- 
tors appointed in said will, have taken upon them the execution thereof so 
far as concerns that part of the estate of the said deceased wdthin the Pro- 
vince of Pennsylvania, but have respectively renounced the execution of the 
saiil will and their right of administration of the said deceased's estate in 
that part of Great Brkaiu called England. Bettesworth, 39. 

[Probated in Philadelphia, 1751, Book i. p. 404.— C. Pt. Hildebcrn, of Phila- 
delphia.] 

William Stockton", Clerk, parson of Barkeswell in the County of 
Warwick, 2 March 1503, proved 17 June 1594 by Elizabeth his relict & ex- 
ecutrix, through her attorney Thomas Lovell Not. I'ub. The will men- 
lions brother "Randulph Stockton, brother Raphe Stockton, the diildren of 
cousin John Stockton, parson of Alcester, the children of cousin Thomas 
Gervise, son Jonas Stockton, eldest daughter Debora Stockton, wife Eliza- 
l>eth & daughters Judith & Abigail, cousins John Stockton & Thomas Ger- 
vis and Thomas Benyon of Barkeswell yeoman, & John Massame of the 
city of Coventry, clothworker, to be overseers. Dixey, 49. 

ri xufipose the " cousin .John Stockton, paisDn of Alcester," mentioned in the above 
will, was the father of Patience, wife ot Edward Ilolyoke of New Eni^land, wlioso 
fathtT, John [lolliock. of Alcester in ttie County of Warwick, niercer, made his will 
21 November 30th Eliza!>uth (proved 31 January, 1.587) in presence of jJohn Stock- 
ton. If tlus be so. then Mr. Stockton must have removed before 1607 to Kinkolt 
in Leiet stershire, where he wos \Wnvz (probably as Rector (.f that parish), a^^ shown 
by a letter from young Edward Ilolyoke to his betrothed, dated 21 Nov. 1007. (See 
Kujmcrton & Waters's Gleanings from English Records, pp. 57-59.)— 0. f . w.] 

Robert Wilcox, the younger, of Alcester in the county of Warwick, 
nuTC.jr. xiiii October 1G2G, proved 14 February 1 026. To my father M' 
Robert Wilcox, over and above the two hundred pounds duL- to hira 
ty bond, one hundred pounds within one year after my decease (and some 



42 Genealogical Gleaniiicjs in England. [Jnn. 

chattel! goods). To my sou Robert fifty pounds to be put out for bis best 
use at liis a::e of xiiii years. My will is tliat Ann & P^lizai)et!i ilearli shall 
have x" between them for the money I received by their Itrotiier Richard's 
will. To each of my sisters xK To Humfry Bedowe x*. To Joatie 
my maid servant xv', to Elenor my maid servant x'. I give x*' to be from 
time to time lent gratis to honest tradesmen at the di^erftiou of ^I'' r>ay- 
lift'e for the time l)eitig, with the assent of my fither Wilcox, brother 
Bridges, brother Holioke and M'' Jelitfe, or of three, two or one of them 
so long as any of them shall live, and, after the death uf the smvivor of 
them, at the discretion of M"^ iJaylilTe for the time being. To mine ap- 
prentice xx' at theml of his term. The rest of my goods cluittells. &c. to 
Martha, my beloved wife, whom I make sole executrix. The overseers to 
be my well beloved fatlier in law Joim Ilalford and George .Jelliir.i and my 
brother Flurisell Bovey and I give them ii' vi'^ apiece for their pains. 
AVit : Samuel Ilulford, P^dward Holioke. Skinner, 12. 

[An article on the "Wilcoxes of Xew Enirl^nd is printed in the Registe.'j, xsix. 
25-9. hat no connection witii Robert of AlccstiT is f.jun J. There is probuljls* soine 
relationship hetwecn his " brother Holioke" and Edward Ibjivuke. t!ie iiuaiigrant 
ancestur of the Holyolces of New England, who secuis to have c uo from Aictster 
(see will of f-Mward Ilolliock, losT, m Kniiuerton anJ Waters"-; Gle-inm^^s, p. 57). 
Two otiier New Entrhuid iuimigv:ints, William and Ric'iard Walleru (written by 
descendants, Waldrou), were natives of Alceoter (see Reg. viii. 7S). — EDiroR.] 

Mr. Thomas Roper's will. John ATest my servant to lie set free. Al- 
exander Gill, servant to Capt. Peirce. to be set free or el-e if Capt. Peirce 
shall refuse to release him, then that the said Alexander receive two hun- 
dred pounds of Tobacco from Capt. Peirce. I trive and beijueath all tobac- 
coes due unto me in Virginia to my brother John Roper in England and 
tliat ^V Gertrge Fitz Jetferyes receive it to the use of my said brother. Item 
a pair of Linen breeches to "William vSmith of James City. To the s;dd Wil- 
liam Smith a waistcoat. To mv brother John Roper three hundred and 
odd pounds of good & lawful money of Englamh in tiie hands of my father 
iu law 3P Thomas Sheapeid of 3Ioine in Bedfordshire. The re>ii]ae to 
my brother .John Roper. Fifty shiliiugs in mouey to M' Haute "Wyatt, 
minister of James City. 

Wit: Haut Wyatt, William Smith, George Filz JefTerey. 

In the letter of administration (5 February 1G26_) to .John Roper Tho- 
mas Shepard is spoken of as the natural & lawful father of John, Eliza- 
beth and Constance Shepard, brother and sisters of the deceased on the 
mother's side {ex materno lalere), the letters of admini-tration granted 
in the month of May 1024 having been brought back and renounced. 

Skinner, 11. 

[According to a pedigree of the A^ij-att family furnis'ied me foiue years ago by 
Regir-.u'iJ Stewart R idJiiigton, Esq., Londi*n, England, the liev. lluwte Wytitl ('a 
younger brother of Sir Francis Wyatt, twice governor of Vi:ginia. marrie'i 1618, 
buried 24 Aii^aist. Kill, at B ixley) was the second >:jn ofTIeMrLT.? and -/Mne ^dangh- 
ter of .Sir Thwmas t'incli of Eastwell, Kniir'it, hy his wife Katlu.rine. ehhT dinghter 
and co-!ieiress of Sir Thomas Movie of Ea.scv.,vH) Wyac (of .Mlin^t-'n Castle, llox- 
ley, and in right of his wife. Lord of the Man >r of Waverin_', i- >Ti of Sir Tiiomas 
AVyac hy his wife Elizabeth, daughter of TlK^mas Rrooke, Lonl L'wbliam, beheaded 
11_ A,orIl, loolj and Jane (married 1537), younger daughter and codieires-j of Sir 
"\\ iib.iiu Ilawte of Rislopiiuurne, co. Kent, Kniirht, and to wiiom Queen ihiry 
grantid tlie Manor of \Vavering) ; inducted after fiis return to England to the liv- 
ing- uf Ri,x ley, 3 Oct'jbcr, I(j32, and Rector of Merston, co. Kent; died .Ti July, 
16;;s ; hji-ie.l at lioxley. 

llo was married twiee, " and hid issue said to liice jone lu Virijiiua.'" 



1836. 



Genealogical Gleanings in England. 



43 



The fol!'"'W-i;i2; docnuier.t in iiij' po=«cssion may be of interest in conr.cotlon with 
the iinmedintolj- precfdinjj: pams^raph : 

" Oct. 29. Inj.j. Thi=; (.i:iy PindalKike tlie Pro'ect.^r of the young Kin_' of Chi?- 
koyack was at my house [jianctuiuion mine], intenHns to have sji iken with the 
(iovernor. thi-Mi fxpeeted t.> t'o heer'd, liut he caiue n .". & therefore iioo di'syued ro 
leave iiis mind wit!) mee. Mai ' Will Wiat &, diver.~ utiiers, a« f.'Uowirii, vi?: : that 

■\Vaj;.<ahick')ti the [illc^xi'ile' had frcij' given luu > Mr. Edwnrd W yut and his 

lieyres. oseonti^rs. n<imini<traiors or as-i^ns, all t';e land from Mr. II:!;^i! (''linn's 

old mark'-'d fees to Vttamarke (.'reeke, iiieludino: all Pagan [i'.lcirihlc] high 

Land. Ivinir freely given, and witli the o.m^ent ot all the rest of the Ln^iians, it wa3 
also agreed auDng them all that neither tiie King n jr any other i-f his Indians 
should sell, alienate or dispii-e of anj' land belonging unto them with^^iut the con- 
pent of Mr. Ed. \\\vatt. which was the only busines- that he had to actinaint the 
Gov'r t!i;rowirh in tiie behalfe of Mr. El. Wj-at, as we heeredoe testify under our 
hands, this present Sy^"^ of October, 1655." 



^/;^ ^^^ 



The mnrke of 




Will'm Benett 
John Wetc Junior 
Toby \Ve:?t 



</sf 



of Wra Criufrey 
John Talbutt 



The marke 

The inarke 
Pindabake, Protector of John King 

the young King of 
Chisko^-ake 
Signed and t-ealed in the presence of 
all v.iioec names are here subscribed. 

T find tlic Mjihnving grants of land to the name Wyatl and \Yvat of record in the 
Vir.nnia Land Registry OIHoe : Ralph Wyatt, " <i.-nt.'" Bjok No. 1, p. 5!J0, Iea<e 
to r.icharJ J^lin-on, R.)2:er Davis and Ahraham Wood. '' planters,'" *• uno ijarceil 
of Islands,'" lfi:iG ; Henry Wyat, Esq., eldest son ot irir Francis Wyat. p. T.5T. lease 
for "21 years, of 50 acres in Pas'.ylaiei-s James Citv countv for the rai-inu: •)!' CMVn fjr 
the better [irotectiun of the plantation, Dec. I'3, IfUl ; I.iVaias Wyat, o. iJifi, 2!.00 ac. 
on the .srjth ?ide (if the R:ippahannuck river. " twenty juile^ up," i-p:. :21, 1643 ; 
'-iejrge Wyatt, N(,). 2. p. .51. -250 acres in James City cVanty, April 1-2. lt)J2 '; Rich- 
ard W yntt, p. 154. 500 acres in Mohja^k bav, Au^-. -'0. 1615 ; William Wyatt. No. 3, 
P- 4, 40:) acre- in < ilouce-ter c junty, April 27, 105.3 ; p. .351, 300 acres in New Kent 
county, June (5, 1665; Edward Wyatt and Robert Griij, 4, p. 4.30, 370 acres in 
King^t in parish, Gloucester C'junty, April 10, KiGO; William 'Wyatt. 5, p. -J-^G* 
400 acres in Gloucester couctv, March 10, 1063; Ma; ,r William Wvatt. p. 43'/ 
1010 acres in New Kent cJunty, Mav 20, 1601: Wiiliara Wyatt,' p. '433. 300 
ncrc;s in New Kent countv, .May 20, ioOl; Anthony Wyatt, p. 510. 2S2 .acres 
m New Kent county, June"2->. 1001: Tliumas Wvatt. n. 008. 500 acr. s in M'.'vii.'k 
o>^'',:^i^'^' '^' ^■'^'''■•^ William Wyatt, 0, p. 322, 500 acres in New Kent canty, June 
-•I, 10,0; Anthony Wyatt. p. 217. 39^ arres in Charles City county, Julv 21. liiOO ; 
"illiam Wyatt, ]>. 200, 2210 acres in N.iW Kent countv, April 17. 1609; p. 30i' 
1900 acres in New Kent countv. Oct. 21, 1670; 7. p. 32, ft50 acivs in \r-w Kei,t 
county. April 25, 16M) ; llpnry Wyatt, p. 123. 619 acre- in New Kunt county, Aoril 
,T ' ,■■'-• -J"''" '^nd Richard Wyatt. [>. 321. 050 acn:^ in New Kent co intv, .Sept. 
*:0. 1(,>.;{; .\„..!!,,l;,s Wyatt. p. 510, 115 acres in Rrand on oarish [Uhirh-s Cicy cjun- 
tv .1, Aprd 27, 16.S6; John Wyatt, 9, p. 654, 700 acre< in King and C] i.-eo c lanty, 
.May 2, 1705; James Wyatt, No. 10, p. o5. 139 in uoper [)ari.-,h (jf NanseaiomJ 
O'ninty,^ Mi^y 2, 1713 ; Richard Wyatt, p. 217, 'l^b aore.s in Charles City county, 
Au;;. Ij, 1715; fiancis Wyatt, 23, p. 635, .377 acre< in Prince i.Je ;rge Cjunty, 
p •^' '-'^•/"^•^; Erancis Wyatt and .Mary Hawkins, No. 2S, jj. 20-i, lUO a "' 

i nnoo (leorue county, Au -' 
<>^unty, Aug; 20, 1747. 



20, 1747, and iu same, p. 211, 2O0 acres in Amelia 



44 Genealogical Gleaniiigs in England. [Jan. 

Anthonj' Wyatt was a prominent citizen of Charles City County, Virginia, 1660- 
70. — R. A. Brock, of Richmond, Va.] 

Nicholas Jufk, citizen & merchant Taylor of London, 10 JMarcli IGoO, 
.proved 13 October 1G51. To cousin Benjamin Jupe, his executers & as- 
signs, all my moiety or half part of two houses, «S:c. in the parish of S' 
Buttolph Aldgate, London, in the occupation of Richard English and Ed- 
ward Mott, and the house where a stone-cutter did dwell and my own 
dwelling house and so much of the dwelling house as is now in M'' Finch's 
occupation, — which I and IJichard English liought of 3Litthew Beanes. To 
the said Benjamin fifteen pounds and to his brother John & his sister Mar- 
garet five pounds apiece. To Anthony and Mary Jupe, equally between 
them, my half of fire houses which were bought by me and the said liichard 
English, standing in Gravel Lane in the Parish of Saint Buttolpli without 
Aldgate, London, being in one row or rank, they to pay, out of the profits, 
to Christopher Jupe & Thomas P^vans ten pounds apiece within two years 
after my decease. 1 give to Simeon Smith my half of four tenements 
granted by lease from the Ilosjjital of Christ Church London. To Kebec- 
ca Smith, daughter of my brother Joseph Smith, my lease of tenements 
in the occupation of M"" ^Lxson & M'' Harman. To the poor of Bi.>hops- 
gate, to the minister, M' Fuller, to the poor of Aldgate. To Richard Eng- 
lish & John p]uerett & to each of their wives twenty shillings apiece, to 
Sarah Martin & Mrs Katherine Jackson twenty shillings apiece, to IMr Dye 
and his wife twenty shillings apiece, to Simeon Smith forty shillings, to 
Sarah "Wilmott ten pounds, to Rebecca L^nckles three pounds (S: to her 
mother four pounds, to my brother ChristO[)her's daughter Mary five 
shillings, to my cousin Evans forty shillings, to my cousin Christopher Jupe 
forty shillings, to cousin John Jupe twenty shillings, to cousin Margaret Jupe 
twelve pounds, to Anne Foster twenty shillings, to my wife's sister Den- 
ton three pounds & to her daughter twt-nty shillings, to M' Hedges & his 
wife twenty shillings apiece, to Edward Smith the elder and E'lward Smith 
the younger and to Elizabeth Smith (certain legacies), to William Harper 
forty shillings, to Thomas Jackson twenty shillings, more to Benjamin 
Jupe ten pounds, more to Joseph Smith & his daughter Rebecca Smith, 
&.C. Loving friends M' Grimes, Richard English & John Everett to be 
overseers, Simeon Smith to be executor. Grey, 189. 

[At the time of the decease of the testator, the five houses in Gravel Lane above 
devi.-ed were in the occupation of " John Tri^g senio"" m" oakeman ; widdow 
Izard widiow B-icken and m"" Chambe" " and the interest of the testator's niece 
Mary Jupe, afterward Mary Morse, therein, was conveyed with other pruperty by 
her husband John Morse of Bjston in New England, salt boiler, by deed of mort- 
eai;e dated Nov. 9ch, 1651, recorded with Saffjlk Deeds, Lib. 2, fol. 180, to Capt. 
Robert Keaine of said Boston, uncle of said mortgagor, to secure the payment of 
£32. Capt. Keaine had advanced £15 to pay for the passage of Mor-^e, his wire and 
his wife's brother, Benjamin Jupe, from New f^ngland back to Old England, and 
the latter sum was to be paid at the Gjlden Crown in Birchin Line, Londju, on or 
before April 26, 165,5, out of tiie rents belonging to the said wife or brotiier Benja- 
min Jupe remaining in the hands of Simeun Smith of Southwark. the executor of 
the foregoing will, as appears by a Iwnd and onler recorded fol. 183 and l^l. See 
also f(jl. 86 and 182. See note to the will of Benjamin Kaine (an^e, xxsvii. 231). 
See also the abstract made by Stanley Waters of an indenture, found by hiiu in 
the Suffolk Court Files, dated .March 10, 16.'j2, " l>et\veen Benjamin Kaycn of Lon- 
don Esquire, Sonne and heire apparent of Jiobert Kayen of Boston in N. E., 
Esijuire, on the one part, and Simem Smith, Cittizen and Haberdasher, of London, 
the executor of the last will &c. of Nicholas Jupe, Cittizen A; Marchant Tayler of 
L(jndori, decfja.-ed, of the other part." This abstract was published in the IUgister 
lor July, lool (xxxv. 277). — John I. llAes.vii.j 



1886.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 45 

Fraxcis Nf.avtox of London, grocer, 24 August IGGO, proved 11 Jan- 
uary IGGI, now bound out on a voyage to Virginia. To wif-^. Mary Xew- 
ton six hundred pounds wirhin six luoutlis after my decease. The residue 
to m}- loving sisters Elizabetli and Susan Newton and loving brother .Joseph 
Newton, equally, &c. Friends -John Berry, Anthony Stanford &. .Joseph 
Wilson to be executors. Laud, 8. 

[See note " Newton of Kingston upon Hull, England,'' Reg. April, ISSJ, p. 
19i.— R. A. Brock.] 

Richard Smith, of S^ Dunstan's West, London, Cook, 13 January IGoO, 
proved 17 -January 1G61. To be buried in the parish church of S' Duu- 
stans in the West. Wife .Joane. brother John .Smith. To my sister Ann 
Hawthorne five acres in the possession of John Alley, butcher, of the year- 
ly value of five pounds for her natural life. vie. and then to her two sons 
John & Nathaniel Hawthorne and their heirs equally. To my brother 
John Smith the reversion I purchased (after the decease of Anne Henmau, 
widow) of William Backhouse Esq., with remainder to his eldest son .Sam- 
uel Sniitli & his heirs ranle, next to Richard .Smith, second son of said 
brother John, then to the right heirs of the body of the said .John Smith. 

I give and bequeath to William Hawthorne, son of Aune Hawthorne, 
my sister, the reversion of one pightle called Leachr^-e or Tan-house Pigh- 
tle, containing by estimation three acres, in the possession of .John Vincent. 
One third part of land called Welshman's (after my wife's decease) to mv 
loving sister Mary Holloway and the heirs of her body, one third to my 
loving sister Rachel Horton & the heirs of her body, the remaining third 
to the children of .John Topping begot upon the body of ray sister Pru- 
dence and their heirs. To my wife the lease or leases of the two houses 
in Chancery Lane, &c. To my loving friend Mr Rubert Hawe of Woke- 

ingham twenty shillings to buy him a ring. To M'' Sedgwick, wiih- 

out Temple Bar, ten shillings to buy him a ring. To the poor of the to^vn. 
of Wokeiiigham twenty shillings. To the poor of the parish of Wokein:^- 
ham and duelling in the said town twenty shillings. Lauds, &c. in Woke- 
ingham in the County of Berk^. Brother John Smith to be executor 
& Richard Palmer of Wokeingham Esq. to be overseer. 

Wit : L. Astry, George Chapman. Laud, 9. 

[The Saicin Uathornes, as well as the Hawthorncs named above, were allied wi:i 
a Smitli familv, the imaiiirrants, William and John Ilitliorne (Keg. sii. -295 ; Egi- 
uierton and Watei-s's <j!eanin::s, pp. 52-5) tiaving had a sister Anne who was the 
wife oi Hu.i^h Smith (Keg. sxxix. 201-4).— Editor.] 

Hexrt Sewall of the parish of S' Michael in the city of Coventrv, 
alderman, aged fourscore years or thereabouts. 1 .St-pt. 1G2L prove<l the 
last of June 1G2S by Margaret Sewall his relict and executrix. To my 
wife Margaret an annuity or yearly rent charge of eleven pounds, ei^hc 
vshillings, issuing out of certain lauds in Ausley in the county of Warwick, 
granted to me & my heirs forever, and now in the tenure of Elizabeth 
Throckmorton widow, aiid all my lands, tenements and hereditaments, wi'.a 
the appurtenances, &c. in the city of Coventry & in Corley and Coundua 
in t!ie C<>uiity of Warwick and in Radford Coundon in Urchenileld & 
Stoke in the county of the city of Coventry. To Henry S<-'walI, my eldest 
son, all my lands, tenements a:id hereditaments, &c. ifcc. in the hamlet of 
Radford in the countv of the city of Coventry and in Coundou in Urchen- 
fiehl in the county of the city of Coventry and in Cuudon in tlie County 
of Warwick, and all my lands, tenements & hereditaments, dec. in Dog 

VOL. XL. 5* 



46 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [Jan. 

Lane in the saul city, in the occupation of Kiehard Baldwyn. a messuaije 
or tenement & one garden, witli the appurtenances, in Much Park Street, 
in Coventry, in the tenure of Henry Critchlowe. draper, and all those naes- 
suaire? or tenements, &c. &c. in the said city in the several occupations of 
John Ilarbert, William Ileyward. Richard Heyes or Walter Wi>:gens, and 
all those three tenements in Little Park Street, in the occupation of 3P 

Henry Davenport, Ti)orton, Katherine West, or their assigns, after 

the decease of my wife Margaret, and durinir his natural life : then to the 
heirs of his body lawfully begotten. &c. ; also to the said Henry, my son, 
a tenement & garden, &c. &c. in Heylane in the said city, in the tenure of 
Bryan Conigrave. 

To Ricliard Sewall, my younger son, after the decease of rav wife 3Iar- 
garet, lands & tenements, &c. in Corley, in the county of Warwick, which 
I lately purchased of Stephen Hales Esq. with the wyndell tiiereupon now 
standing, and other lands. &c. purchased of Richard Patchett. of Martin 
Whadocke & of Thomas ^sicklyn and of Thomas Barre; also to the same 
Richard one messuage, &c. in Smithford Street, Coventry, in the tenure of 
Jefford, barber, and a tenement &; certain stables called the Sextree in 
Coventry. 

To my daughter Anne, now the wife of Anthonie Power, mv messua^^e 
& tenement. &c. &c. iu Corley, now in the occupation of me the said Hen- 
ry, which I lately purclui'-^d of Daniel Oxenbridge, and other lands, 
&c. purchased of Thomas Patchet & of George & Walter HoHiech, and 
two tenements in Bailie Lane iu Coventry, one in the tenure of Theophi- 
lus Washington, and a messuage in High Street. Coventry, in the ten- 
ure of ^I' William Hancock, and a messuage in the suburbs of Coventry 
in the tenure of John Lindon, and a messuage in the tenure of Rof^er 
Bird and a tenement in the tenure of Joyce Ho'oson, a widow and late in 
the occupation of Lawrence Armesou. 

To Margaret, my youngest daughter, now the wife of Abraham Randell, 
tenements without Newgate in the several tenures of Francis Robinson & 
Edward Coles, lands, &c. purchased of John Home of Stoke, gentl.;man, 
lands in the tenure of John Wilkinson, «& of William, or Thomas, Pywall, 
that my messuage or tenement & ga.-dea in Bailie Lane, in the city of 
Coventry wherein I now dwell, tenements, &c. in Bailie Lane in the oc- 
cupation of Roger Dudley. Jaraes Knib, William Miller, Edward Malpas, 
Johane Newland, widow, William Cuml)erledcre & Edward Bissaker, a ten- 
ement in Earl Street in the occupation of John Wright, a garden in the 
occupation of M' Richard Clarke, a tenement I purchased of John Ham- 
mond, Doctor in Physick and tenements in Darbie lane in the occupation 
of the widow Wothon & the widow Kinsman. Reference also maile to 
tenements in the occupation of Ricliard Faulkner. Raphe ^Nfellowes, Peter 
Baxter, Henry Wetton, Randall Cleaver, Clerk. Thomas Hobson and John 
Hill. To my loving friend Humphry Burton forty shillings, &c. &c. Wife 
Margaret to be executrix and friends M' Willitim Hancock, of Coventry, 
alderman, and my loving kinsman Reginald Home, gentleman, to be over- 
seers. To my cousin John Home a cloke cloth. 

Wit: John Browuell, James Brownell. Barrington, 03. 

^ [The eldest son of the testator of the above will, Mr. Henry Sewall, came over to 
New England and was ttie ancestor of the distin2uished family of that name in 
.Mnshachusetts. In E-ses County Court Paners fBjoic xxvi. No." 59) may be i.)und 
a deposition made 10 April, lt)79. by Rvjbert Walk.r. of BM^t.^n, L;r:eri \v..-i ■<ier, 
a^^td ab.jut Eevtnty-two years, in whicti he testified that about Hl'ty-six year-s belure, 
living with his father in tiie town of Manchester, in Lancashire, within the realm 



1886.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 47 

of England, he did then know one Mr. llonry Scwall -who lived at tlie «ame town 
and in t!io s:\me street with tlie dcp'inent's latiier. bein;i his overtliwart riei.'inv.T. 
and that afterwards the said .Mr. llenry .'^ewall removed with his family to Now 
En^hmd, and there dwelt iu the town of Newbury, &e. &e. II. F. AVatEuS. 

This will furnis^hes another example of the wisdom of tiie coarse pursued by the 
associated collection and pLil)lication of material of this kind. In the introduction 
to the Sewall Papers, now in course of publication by the Mass. Historical So- 
ciety, after stating the investi^^ations made by Col. Chester, the main re-ults of 
whose search was placed in their iiand-, the editors state that the Sev/all faiuily 
cannot be traced beyond the two I)rothers (Henry, whose will is here iziven, and his 
brother William, botii of whom had been mayors of Coventry in En_dand). ^ I: is 
to be supposed that neither the editors nor Col. Chester had the detail which Mr. 
AYaters furnishes j-our readers, fjr in the closiuLr parajcraphs of the will here ;,'iven. 
the mention of his '■ lovini^ kinsman Reginald Home, gentleman," who was made 
an overseer of the will, and the bequest to hi:s '• cousin Juhn Home," furnish direct 
guides to obtain the name of the father of Henry and William Sewall. It ap- 
pears from the pedigree of the Ilorne family, which is given below from the 
Visitation of Warwickshire. 1619 (see Ilarleian Soc. Pub., vol. xii. p. 313),* that 
William Shewell married Matilda ilorne, and that her brother John was the father 
of both Re::ina!d and John, who are mentioned in this will of Henry Sewall 
respectively as his '"kinsman" and" cousin." 

Reginaldus Home de Pickeslej"=Margeria fil. . . .Lee de ^Vhitechu^ch 
in com. Salop | 

i~ \ i [ 

Matilda Winifrida Joii'es Home de=Jana filia Thorase Ellena uxor 
ux. \s\Vi ux. Mathei Childes Areole I Morton de Ini^leton Roh'ti 
Shewell Dorington in com. Salop | in com. Statf. Cooke 

I T \ \ Tl I. . 

Margareta Maria uxor Reginaldus IIorne^=Anna filia 2 Johannes Alicia ux. Rici 

nx. Joh'is Hen. Crow- de Stoke infra I Tho. Holland de 

Unett de der de lib'tates de Couen- j Pachet <lo Sadinu'ton m 

London Stoke iuxta try fil et h£er, I Barwell in 3 Tho- Com Leic. 

Conentry sup'stes 1619 | Com. Leic. mas Clericus 

_ ^ ^ ^ _ ^ 

1 Anna 2 Johanna IIenricus=Cas.5andrs>- Joh'esr=Martina Reginaldus 3 Fran- 
Horne fil. et I filia Home Frowlick ciscus 

hasres. a3t. 31. | Xr' ofori de de Germania 
annoru'. 1619 j Randall London inferiuri 
de Stoke Lime Street, 
I fil. 2. 

Anna 
a3t. dim. 
Anni lfil9 
Judge Samuel Sewall was always '•harp in money matters, from the time when he 
received the dowry upon his marriage with the mmt-ma-ter's daughter until his 
death, and whether his vi<it to his relatives was one of afl'.jetion of fir mercenary 
motives, it is plain that if he coul i get an honest penny, he went for it. He evi- 
dently liad a full Copy of tiiis will, and displayed this paragraph from it in his 
Diary, under date of April 9, lf;S9 : 

" Tu the s:\id .Margaret diiring her natural Life and after her decease to the Heirs 
of her Body issuing, ami for want of sucli is-^ue of lier body, to remain to tiie ri^'.it 
heirs of me, the said llenry the Testator, for ever."' 

This extract is followed by a memorandum of the date of Margaret Randall's 
■will. May 4, IfilG. If this will could be found it might throw some light upjn 
other relations. 
_ The Judge saw some of the real estate which had been left to his grandfather's 
fcister Maricaret, xcilli Ihe ahoce proviso, and s'le had given it to the descendants of 
her sister .\nne, ignoring the rights of the desceridants of Henry, her brotlicr. t!)0 
grandfather of the judge. He told them who he was, and offered to conOnn the 
rifjht (fijr a consideration ?), and he received the em[)hatic answer tliat his rela- 
tives Would not give him 3d. f.jr it. John Coffi.v Jones Ijrow.v.j 

• Wa-i John Home (otherwise Orne), of Salem, do>ceaJcJ from this Vv'ar^vickiLire 
family ? 



KUM tOi'..' 



;,■ ■a'V/ 



48 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [Jan. 

NOELL Mf."W being inteuded by God's permission to go to oM England, 
3 August. 1G91, proved -4 April. 1700. To my wife ^lury Mew, during 
her widowhood, all my estate, real and personal. Bat if she sees cause to 
marrv, then she is to have out of ray estate in England one hundred 
and ten pounds sterling in lieu of her dowry, in one year after her marriage, 
and all the household stutF. To my sou Richard Mew all my farm Kockey 
Farm, &c., with the mulatta boy called George and fifty pounds sterling, 
he paying each of his sisters five pounds per annum to help bring them up 
till of age or married, and then to be acquitted of the said payment. To 
him also my great bible and silver tankard. To my daughter Mary Mew 
one hundred pounds sterling, &c., an Indian girl called Jenny, one Spanish 
silver cup, one round silver cup, oue silver dram cup with a funnel. To 
my daughter Patience one hundred pounds sterling, the negro woman Cess, 
six silver spoons. All my land in "West Jarsey to be sold and the proceeds to 
be equally divided betwixt my said three children. ]My wife to be execu- 
trix and my friends William Allen, Benjamin Newberry and Pelcg San- 
ford to be overseers. 

Wit: Richard Jones, Joseph Blydeuburgh, Thomas Roberts, William 
Cload. 

Testimony, 22 December, 1692, that the above is a true copy. John 
Easton Gov'', John Greene Dep. Gov', Walter Clarke, Benjamin Xewberry, 
William Allen, Christopher Almy. In the Probate the testator is called 
Noell Mew late of Newport in the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence 
plantations, in New England, deceased. Noel, 59. 

[Richard Mew, of Stepney, merchant, was one of the first twelve proprieti)rs of 
East Jersey, 16SI (N.J. Archives,!. 306,383 €t seq.). Richard Mew, of New- 
port, R. 1., mercliant, had an action at law against Jalileel Brentou in 1708. (R. I. 
Colonial Records, iv. 39. See also iii. 555.) — Editor.] 

NAxnAxiEL Webb of Mountserrett, merchant , proved by Robert 

Webb, Esq., his son, 20 March, 17Jrl. I grant full power and authority 
to my executors to make & execute a lease to my beloved wife Jane of 
all my negroes on and belonging to a certain plantation in the parish of S' 
Anthony in the said Island, commonly called Carrolls Plantation, with the 
house & lands in town (and sundry movables) for her uatural life, she 
paying to my executors in trust for my children the yearly sum of two hun- 
dred and fifty pounds sterling. This in full satisfaction of her dower, also 
the use of half my house in the towu of Taunton one half of the furniture, 
&c. To my eldest son Robert my estate in the County of Somerset formerly 
under lease to John & Richard Barber of Taunton, and all my houses and 
lands in said Taunton or elsewhere in England, and five thousand pounds 
sterling, &c. To my son Nathaniel my plantations in Mountserratt now 
under lease to John Dyer of the said island, and all my houses & lands in 
the said island, and my house and laud in the towu of Bassterre in the 
island of S^ Christophers. Item I give & bequeath to my son John all my 
lands in the County of Connecticut in New England near the town of .Sea- 
brook, they containing about five hundred acres. To my brother Johu 
Webb of Abington oue hundred pounds sterling, at the same time forgiv- 
ing him what he owes me. To my brother Harry Webb fifty guineas to 
buy him a mourning ring. To my executors ten guineas each to buy them 
mourning rings. To my sisters Anne Stone & Sarah Smith twenty pounds 
sterling each to buy them mournin2^ & mourning rings. Tl:e rest & resi- 
due to my five children. Robert. Ann. Ruth. Natluiniei Sc J(jhn. 

I appoint William Gerrish, Esq., in LoudoUj Isaac Hobhouse of Bristol, 



1886.] Genealogical Gleaninrjs in England. 49 

merchant, John Paine of Taunton, mercer, Dominick Trant, Thomas 
Meade, George French and Peter Lee of this Ishxnd. Harry Webb of An- 
tigua and my son Robert Webb executors it the guardians of my children. 

Spurway, 78. 

Bexjamix Plummf.k of Portsmouth in tlie Province of New Hamp- 
shire in New Enghmd Esq. 7 May, 1740. proved 12 March, 1740. To my 
esteemed friend I\Irs Mary 3Iacphederis my gold watch, my negro boy 
named Juba and a ring of tive guineas price. To Theodore Atkinson E?q. 
my saddle Horse and to him & his wife each of them a gold ring. To M' 
John Loggin one suit of mourning apparel. The whole of my apparel to 
be sold for the most they will fetch in the town of Boston. To my hon- 
ored mother one hundred pounds sterling. The residue to be equally di- 
vided amongst my brothers. My brother M' Thomas Plummer of Lon- 
don, merchant & Theodore Atkinson of Portsmouth Esq. to be the ex- 
ecutors. 

Wit : Arthur Browne, James Jeffrey, Jos'* Peirce. 

Proved at London by Thomas Plummer, power reserved for Theodore 
Atkinson the other executor. Spurway, 73. 

[I extract the followini^ from a letter to me from Miss Plumer, of Epping, X. H., 
dated Xov. 1, 18S5, in reply to an inquiry abcut Benjamin I'lumer : '* In a note at 
the end of my fatlier's nianuscri|;t iXf.'nealui^y of the Plumer family, my father 
writes, ' Benjamin Plumer was appointed CMilector of Piseataway in ^s\•w England. 
His c^iinmissioit, of wliieh I iiave a copy in the handwriting of K. Waldron, SeC-^', 
is dated Feb. 11, 173fi. It was sworn co before Gov. Belcher, June 8"\ 1736. lie 
was perhaps the progenitor of the Portsmouth Plumers. There is a silver va.se in 
the Atkinson family on wiiioh is inserilied the deatlis of various persons, among 
the reet that of Jienjamin Plumer, Esquire, who died .May 8*, 1740. agtd "24 years. 
If this was the collector he was but twenty when appointed.' " — Com. by George 
Plumer Smith, Esq., of Pluladtlphia. Pa. 

In the New Hampshire Provincial Paper.s, vol. iv. p. 864, is a letter from John 
Thomlinson to Theodore Atkin.'-on, dated '• London, 5 April, 1737." Mr. Thom- 
linson writes : " Altho the Bearer Mr. Plummer hi.s coming over Collector in your 
place may be some Disadvantage or Di>appuintment to you, yet when I tell you I 
daresay he will prove the most agreeable Gentleman that you could have had, ia 

every respect, you will excuse my here recommending him to your friendship 

He is a gtntleman of good sense and of a very gnoJ tamily and good circum- 
etances." I presume that Plumer was an Englishman. — Editor.] 



Notes on Abstracts previously printed. 

Kathaxiel Parker {ante, vol. xxxvii. p. 37G). 

[" My god-daughter the dauirhter of ray nephew Bernard Saltinastall." 
The pedigree of the Sait(jni-tall family, given in Bmd's W'atert^jwn, shows that 
Bernard Saltonstall was a great-grandson of Gilbert Saltonstall. from whom the 
New England family descended, through Sir Richard of fluntwicke. The Bernard 
Saltonstall referred to in the will was son of Sir Richard Salton'^tall of North Ock- 
cnden, co. feex. Susanna, sL-ter of Brrnard, married William Pawlett of Cottlea 
in CO. Wilts, who was a srandsm of AViUiam Pawlett. first Marquis of Winchester. 
(See Dr. Marshall's Visitation of co. Wilts, 1623, p. 92.) 

JouN Coffin Joxes Browx.] 

Richard Perxe ; Rachel Perne {ante, vol. xxxviii. 311 and 429). 

[It was noticed in Rachel Perne's will tliatshe cut off Edward Rawson, our faith- 
ful Colonial Secretary, with the proverbial shilling, although she bequeathed to 
Rachel, his wife and her dauirhter. £10. 

By a deed of his recorded in Sut}(<lk Deeds, vol. iii. pp. 413 and 414, he acknow- 
Ied::cH receipit of a marriage '" porti<jn of £300, which he long since Receaved with 
his wile." This accounts for the omr-si.iu to bequeath any more of the Pcrnc es- 
tate to him on its final distribution by will. John CoFtix Jones Brown J 
VOL. XL. 5* 



50 



Ancestry of Col. William Willoughhy. 



[Jan. 



•" <« r •_ ~ -^ > o 






> t 



E 












O':^ 



■3 


2-3 


N 


•°S 


n? 


x2h 


^ 


•o h 






3 


taia 


.<y 


n^ 


« 3 


— 2 


— . 


P»-3 






^3 





eJ a 




r: o 








~S 












^ zi 


• » 


■g-^ 


w^ V 


C y ti 


•- 2 


1 ?- 


S3 


S S 3 


,^-i 


'ct^'3 


CM 


v.>'*'3 


T 


C -^ • 3-J 




o 






s 






Z:? 


p tcii c3 


o 


ci =":: to 



£^1 ^=i 






w - 5 — 



(_3 ? X SI o 

H2=l|- 
P - r>» 

ca S £ y 
«■" - ^ 






PS 90 



o ~ 
K3 



Ill I 









fa 



■r - .J 















1^ 






o - = V 
— .— -o 

= ^■52 



= s"^ 



- o 

Z-i 



— A 
c 
(4 



?"'5>':;5.'"' 



^ ~ .■-. 



1886.] Ancesinj of Col. William Willoughhy. 



51 



SUGGESTIONS AXD INQUIRIES RESPECTING THE ANCES- 
TRY OF COL. WILLIAM WILLOUGIIBY, 

Father of Deputy Goverxou FnAxcis Willocghby of 
Massachusetts. 






An elaborate account of Dep. Gov. 
Francis WilloUiiTliby and of his father, 
Col, "William "Willoiighby, prepared by 
Mr. Isaac J. Greenwood of New York, 
appeared iu •• The N. E. Historical and 
CTeuealogioal Register" for Jan, 1876. 

From this and other sources of in- 
formation the following particulars have 
been obtained. 

In the " King's Pamphlets " (British 
Museum) it is stated that Col, ^yilliam 
Willoughbv was a native of Kent, Iq 
the Civil VVar. lG-i4, he was Colonel of 
a regiment of •■ the Hamlets of the Tow- 
er," and rendered active and successful 
service on the side of the Parliament, Iu 
lG48-'Jhe was appointed Master Attend- 
ant for Portsmouth and Commissioner of 
the Navy. Letters to and from liim. in 
the " Calendar of State Papers," show 
that he was treated with much respect bv 
the Government, After his death '• The 
House referred to the Council of State to 
From an impression of the seal of make payments to Col, Willoughhy of his 
Dep. Gov. Francis Willuaghby. moneys, whiuh, with great willingness and 
good affection, he laid out for defence of the river of Thames in the time of 
the insurrections of Kent and Essex, and of other moneys due to him from 
the State." He died in 10.31, aged sixty-three years. He was therefore 
born about 1588. 

I have photographs and a water-color drawing of his mural tablet in St. 
Thomas's church, Portsmouth. Above the inscription his arms are em- 
blazoned: they are Or fretty azure; crest: a lion's head couped at the 
shoulders, guardant Or, ho.ticeen two icings expanded,^ mantled Gules, dou- 
bled Argent. The helmet above the shield is that of the nobility — five g-^Id 
bars slightly in profile, the helmet steel. 

Mrs. Elizabeth Willoughhy, widow of the Colonel, died about 1652. 
His son Francis 'Willoughby came to New England in 1G38, with his 
wife Mary. In 1651 he went back to England, la 1652 he was appoint- 
ed to succeed his father as Commissioner of the Navy, In 1058 he was 
ch osen Member of Parliament for Portsmouth, In 1602 he returned to 

* These arras are the same (omittin:: q'lartcrincrs and (liffcrcnces) as those ascrih'-.l bv 
Bnrke in Lis "General Araiory," cd. 1^73, to 'Sir FraLcis Willou-Lbv, boru at B iu- 
chanip Court, co. Warwick, knighted in Ireland in I'JlJ. tjir Bcruurd' Burke sent i:'e a 
copy ot the arms with description. 




52 Ancestry of Col. William Willoitghbif. [Jan. 

America, bringing with him a third wife, ^Margaret Locke, widow of Dan- 
iel Taylor, a wealtliy merchant of London.* He became Deputy Gover- 
nor of ^Lissacluisetts in ICGo, and continued in otfice till his decease in 
1C7L lie was one of the most influential friends of the colony, both in 
this country and in England. In Frothinghatu's " History of Cliarles- 
town " he says of Willoughby : " He is mentioned in warm terms of aiTec- 

tion by his contemporaries It is to such far-sighted men as \yillough- 

by that New England owes its liberties." For his good services the Colo- 
nial Government voted to give him a thousand acres of land. A writer 
describes his funeral — '• the doleful noise, the thundering volleys of shot, 
the loud roaring of great guns rending the heavens with noise at the loss 
of so great a man." '■ He left a large estate, of which £G00 was in money 
and plate." 

Dep. Governor Willoughby's arms, still existing on a seal upon a deed, 
are the same as those on his father's tablet, but drawn witli more accuracy. 

There have come down from the Dep. Governor several articles which 
still remain in the fomily, pieces of silver, a diamond rinir. a gold snul!-box, 
etc. A letter written in 18G4 by the wife of a descendant.f formerly Amer- 
ican Consul in Italy, describes one of the family relics thus: ''It is a table- 
cloth composed of tine linen, with two rows of exquisite needlework across 
it, said to have been wrought by Queen Elizabeth when she was confined 
in the Tower, in her sister Mary's reign, and given by her to Francis Lord 
Willoughby, who was a relative, and thus handed down." I have since 
learned that there is a private mark embroidered upon one end, with the 
initials F. M. W. at the otiier. A letter of about the same time from an 
old lady in Windham, Connecticut, a descendant, gives the tradition that 
the tablecloth wrought hj Queen Elizabeth in the Tower was given to a 
Maid of Honor of hers, who was one of the Willoughbys, by whom it came 
down in the family. 'vVe suppose the statements need to be united to make 
a complete Avhole. The story has descended with the tablecloth, and is 
probably as old. 

There is also a very large, massive, richly carved chest, owned by the 
late Mr. Theodore Raymond of Norwich, Conn., in which the tablecloth 
and other articles are said to have been brought from England. The carv- 
ings inside of the lid represent two scenes": one of .Sir Walter ivaleigh 
spreading his cloak before Queen Elizabeth, the other of some gay party 
of pleasure — boats among little islands, with a turreted castle inlhe back- 
ground. Tlie drawings are very quaint. Between the scenes is a coat of 
arms, of which the shield has either a cross or lines to make four quarter- 
ings on what is now a plain field (perhaps originally painted), and tlie sup- 
porters are a lion without a crown and a unicorn without a chain, in the 
attitude of the same animals on the royal arms of England, but v.ith the 
dexter and sinister reversed. The shield is surmounttHl by a ducal coro- 
net, and has apjuirently the rose of England in the manllings. 

The first Mrs. George 15. Loring, of Salem, ]\Iassachuaetts, a descendant, 
through another line, from Dep. Gov. AVilloughby, wrote several years ago 
as follows : '• I have heard my aunt, who lived to be ninety-two, speak of 
her remembrance of articles of value said to have come do\\;u from noble 
Willoughby relatives in England." 

These are the facts, traditions and relics which have come down to the 

• rier descent from the hcr.-J.Iic families of Locke and Cole is iriveu in " Tbe X. E. 
Hist, and Ocn. Rctri^^tcr " for J^muary, 18il. 
t Dr. Laker, of Noi walk, Otiio. 



<!<• v.; fi-.i! //o .}-:(, lo hr'-.cj v!i!oi 



1886.] Ancestry of Col. William WiUoughhy. 53 

Amoricau descend;i.nts of Col. William ami Dep. Gov. Francis Willouijhby. 
lu seeking for the ancestry of these gentlemen we naturally go to Kent; 
and we find that the Willoughhys of Beauchamp Court, co. Warwick, from 
whom came the Sir Francis Willoughby knighted in Ireland in IGIO, whose 
arms were similar, as I have said, to those our Willoughhys boTe, were 
from the same ancestry as the Kent family — descendants of the Willough- 
by de Eresby and the Wollaton Willoughby families. Searching in the 
Kent family, before the time of Col. William, we find two marriages be- 
tween those two families — two sons of Thomas Willoughby,* the Sheriii of 
Kent in 1500, of the de Eresby family, having married two daughters of 
Sir Francis Willoughby of Wollaton ; as Sir Percival Willoughby of Bore 
Place, CO. Kent, married Bridget Willoughby, eldest daughter of Sir Fran- 
cis, while his brother Edward married her sister Winifred. f 

Now I find that Margaret Willoughby. sister of this Sir Francis of Wol- 
laton, was assigned, in 1.355, to the household of the Princess ILlizabeth at 
Hatfield, with whom she remained till her marriage, in 1558, to Sir ^Mat- 
thew Arundel. The Princess was a great-granddaughter, and Margaret 
Willoughby a great-great-granddaughter, of Elizabeth Woodville. Cham- 
bers's '* Cyclopaidia " states that Princess Elizabeth was sent to the Tower 
in 1554-, and remained there some months, for some time was kept a pris- 
oner at Woodstock, ditring the remainder of Mary's reign (till 1558 J, and, 
" though occasionally at Court, resided chiefly at Ilattield House, where 
she occupied herself with feminine amusements and the studj- of classical lit- 
erature." Though Miss Margaret Willoughby was not assigned as Maid 
of Honor to the Princess until some months after she had left the Tower, 
yet, being her second cousin once removed, she may easily be imagined to 
have been near the Princess's person before her official appointment. She 
shared her captivity elsewhere, during the three years or more she was in 
her service before her marriage. . 

The coincidences will be noticed between the American family-traditions 
and the facts of English history. All will unite to make a complete whole, 
if a place can be found for Col. William Willoughby, either in the family 
of Bridget who married Sir Percival Willoughby, or in that of her sister 
Winifred who married his brother Edward. Both ladies were daughters 
of the Sir Francis whose sister Margaret was ^Nlaid of Honor to the Prin- 
cess. Margaret might well be supposed to have given to her brother any 
articles received from the Princess ; and they would have been most care- 
fully handed down in the family of one of his daughters. In regard to 
dates, Sir Percival Willoughby 'was knighted in IGOo (fifteen years after 
the birth of Col. Willoughby), and died in 1G42. In point of time he could 
have been his father. In the pedigrees I have seen the names of five 
sons of Sir Percival and Brid!,^et are given ; among whom William does 
not appear. No children of Pvhvard and Winifred Willoughby are named 
in those pedigrees ; perhaps Col. William was their son. If he could be 
placed in either of these families, his family-traditions would be verified. 

One version of the family-tradition respecting the tablecloth embroidered 
by the Princess Elizabeth speaks of it as having been given to Francis Lord 
Willoughby, who was a relative; the other says it was given to a Maid 
of Honor of hers, a member of the Willoughby family. History tells U3 

• It is stated in llasted's Kent, vol. 3, p. 220, that this Thomas Willoui^'hby hore for his 
arms Or frttty Az. 
t " Visitation of County Nottingham for 1509 and 1614," pp. 149, 1&5. 



:! •., •, i-vrrl -v.!,!- ...fliV. 



54 Ancestry of Col. William Willovr/hbi/. [Jan. 

that Margaret Willoui^hby, sister of Sir Francis and second cousin once 
>ve<l of Princess Elizabeth, was her companion during most of her 



remo 



captivity ; and she may have been, perhaps, actually in the Tower with lier. 
William was a frequent early name in the Willoughby family; the name 
of Francis was constantly repeated. The fact that Col. William Willoughby 
fou::ht on the Cromwelliau side may have separated him from his father's 
family, and caused his name to be dropped from their jiedigrees. 

I add a few suggestions in regard to the arms above referred to. aided by 
facts furnished me in recent letters from my valuable correspondent Mr. 
Isaac J. Greenwood of New York, which seem to tend to confirm the rela- 
tionship of which I have inferred the existence between Col. William "W il- 
loughby and the Willoughby de Eresby family. 

The 'arms of the early Willoughbys de P>resby were undoubtedly Or 
frefti/ A-ure. These were borne by Robert de Wilhigby, afterwards Lord 
Willoughby de Eresby, at the siege of Caerlaverock in Dec. r20'.), where 
he attended King Edward I. The earliest crest mentioned in the collec- 
tions of Glover, the Somerset Herald temp. Elizabeth, who drew up an 
account of the Willoughby family, is a bat or demi-hat volant, the wings 
frettjj. This crest was used on the monument of Peregrine Bertie Lord 
Willoughby de Ph-esby, son of Catherine Willoughby, r)uchess of Suffolk, 
and Lord Richard Bertie, who took his mother's name, as well as her title, 
and signed himself '• P. Willugliy." It is described as " a hat displayed, 
mantled gules, doubled argent.'" The bat is also found among the armorial 
bearings on the monument of his father and mother. 

From a manuscript in the library at Canterbury we have the arras of 
Peregrine Bertie Lord Willoughby as borne in 1590, the crest a full, 
round, fierce head, as though of a lion, but the wings on either side are 
those of a bat and fretty. This crest, with a distinct lion's face and a bat's 
wings Or fretty Azure is engraved in Edmondson's " Baronagium Genea- 
logicum," vol. i. p. 54, as that carried by Robert Bertie, the son of Pere- 
grine Bertie or " Willugby," Lord Willoughby de Eresby, who succeeded 
his father as Lord AVilloughby de P>esby in IGOl, and was created Earl 
of Lindsey in 1627. By consulting the pedigree prefixed to this paper, it 
will be seen that he descended from Sir Christopher Willoughby, who was 
also the ancestor of that branch of the Willoughby de Eresby family which 
intermarried with the Wollaton Willoughbys, and to which belonged .Sir 
Percival, who married Bridget, and whose brother Edward married Wini- 
fred, both daughters of Sir Francis Willoughby of Wollaton, and nieces of 
Margaret Willoughby, IMaid of Honor to Princess Elizabeth. 

It will be seen that the bat's face of the early Willoughl)ys had been 
changed to that of a lion, while the bat's wings had been retained. 

This early crest seems to have been dropjied by many branches of the 
Willoughby family who still bore the shield Or fret'y Azure. Tlieir crf-st 
was generally a man's bust dncally crowned. Previous to the eilitiiMi of 
Burke's " General Armory," published iu 1878, the crest a lion's head 
guard, couped at the shoulders Or, between two wings expanded Or fretty 
Azure, did not appear as a Willoughby crest; but in that editiiHi Sir Ber- 
nard Jjurke gives this as the crest of Sir Francis Vv'illoughljy knighted in 
Ireland in IGIO. In a private letter to me. .Sir Bernard says that this .Sir 
Francis was from Beaucharap Court, co. Warwick. The quartorings of his 
arms, as well as his place of residence, show that he was of the same descent 
as the Willouiihbys of Kent. The pedigree prefixed to this paper shows 
that Robert Bertie Lord Willoughby and Earl of Lindsey, was third cousin 
of Sir Percival Willoughby of Bore Place, co. Kent. 



1886.] Ancestry of Col. William Willoughhij. 55 

It is eviilent tliat, the bat's head having follen into disuse, no care was 
taken to retain the exact form of bat's wings. Sir Francis Willouglihy, 
knighted in Irehind in 1610, used the crest a lion s head guardant coi'prd 
at the shoulders Or, b.'ticeen tioo wings expanded Or fretty Azure, the Kind 
of wings not described. 

On Col. William Willougld>y's tablet the wings on each side of the liou's 
head are irregular and indistinct in their outline, and may have been those 
of a bat outs[)read, but the drawing is bad, and I have copied instead the 
more clearly defined, though small, design upon Dep. Gov. Francis Wil- 
loughby's seal. By reference to the description of the mural tablet it will 
be noticed that Col. William has not only tiie lion's head Or between f>ro 
tcings expanded, but even the mantlings "gules, doubled argent," described 
as on the monument of Peregrine Bertie Lord Willou^Iibv. 

There is however one discrepancy. On the tablet the lion's wings are 
painted Gules. But any one who in these days has had dealings with 
heraldic draughtsmen, knows the difficulty of securing accuracy even now, 
and can easily understand how mistakes might have been made, nearly 
two hundred and tifty years ago. by the original draughtsman, or by some 
Liter restorer, in painting the wings Gules when the mantlings which sur- 
rounded them wei-e of tliat color. 

Putting together all the facts and correspondences, I have not hesitated 
to believe that Col. William Willougliby's entire crest is the same as that 
used in the other instances menti(jned, and that his full arms should be given 
as: Or frettij Azure; crest: a lions head guar dant couped at the sJfj'd- 
ders Or, between two wings expanded Or Jretlj Azure, mantled Gules, dou- 
bled Argent. 

^Therefore, when we find that there was used on the mural tablet of Col. 
William Willoughby of Portsmouth, and on the seal of his son Dep. Gov. 
Francis in America, the same coat-armor which was borne by Sir Frauds 
Willoughby knighted in 1610, of the Warwickshire branch' of the Kent 
family, and the same crest which was borne by the early Willough!>ys de 
P^resby, and l»y the IJertie i)ranch of this family, may we not believe that 
they had a right to it by descent ? They both 'held high official positior^s, 
had the confidence of the Governments they served, and the respect of the 
people. They were both too long well known in public life to have ve:uur- 
ed to assume arms without a title to them, and so to claim a lineaje to 
which they had no right. Even if, after the great lapse of time, we cannot 
find a record of the birth of Col. William Willoughby in the pedigrees of 
the ^\ illoughbys of Kent, may we not, should r,o proof to the contrary be 
found, trust the evidence of his arms and the coincidences between his fam- 
ily-traditions ;ind the fiicts of history, and feel justified in believing him to 
have belonged to that family ? 

But it is with the hope of obtaining fuller knowledge that this paper is 
printed. 

^Information is also desired in regard to the family of the wife of Col. 
Williuin Willoughby. I only know that her name was Elizabeth, and that 
she survived her husband. Her Will was witnessed in London, May, 1062, 
by Hen: Paman, .John Parker (name of Parker doubtful), and Ciuirles 
Towne. It was recorded in Boston, " •_>. 2. 166."L" A seal attached to her 
signature bears a chevron engrailed between three hoars'" heads. It mar or 
uiay not have be!ongo(l to her. .She makes her ** much respected and lin- 
gular good friends Koljcrt Thompson and John Taylor," both of Loiidoa, 
the overseers of her Will. 



56 Records of Winchester, J^. II. [Jan. 

She givos most of lier property to her son Dep. Gov. Francis "W.llon'jli- 
bj. hilt leaves h^oaeies to lier sister 3Irs. Anna Griffin of Portsmo'rh. wife 
of William Gritlin. to her sister Jane Hammond of Virginia, a .-I Mrs. 
Hammond's son Laurance Hammond. Margaret, wi<low of Dn. Gov. 
"Willonghb}', mirried this Hammond for her third husband. In ?>Ir. Henry 
Fitz Gilbert Waters's Genealogical Gk-anings, published in '• Tiie Xew 
England Historical and Genealogical Reo;ister " for April. 188.3. lie men- 
tions Rebecca Saintbury of St. Olave, Southwark, co. Surrey, v. itiow, as 
making in her Will, dated 30 Xovemher. 1677, a bequest to heV ni-.-oe Eliz- 
abeth GrilHn in Virginia. Among early grants of land in Virginia is one 
of 1GG2, Dec. 0, to 'William Griffin. This is about the time Vlieu Dep. 
Gov. Willoughby proved his mother's Will. This Elizabeth Griinn may 
have been her niece and namesake. The Griffins may have ginv* to Vir- 
ginia to join their relatives the Hammonds, who were there I lei. 're this 
time- Can the family-name of Mrs. Eliza!)eth Willoughby be ascer-;>.ined ? 

Any reader of this paper who can as-ist in tracing the ancestrv of Col. 
William Willoughby, or that of his wife Elizabeth, or throw anv l;.:ht on 
any single point here presented, is requested kindly to commur.icate with 
me. Address : 

Mrs. Edavaud Elbridge SALiSDunv, 

June, 1885. New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America. 



PARTIAL COPY OF RECORDS OF THE TOWN OF WIN- 
CHESTER, N. H. 

Commnnicated by John L. Alexavder, M.D., of Belmont, Mass. 

Continncd from vol. xxxix. pnge 3i8. 

Births* 

Children of Caleb & Harriet (Locke) Alexander 

Gardner b Nov P' 1794: Harriet b Apr 27"> 1797 Louisa b S- Dt 7'*" 
1799 Emily b Oct IP'' 1800 Timothy b Feb 20"^ 1803 

Children of Calvin & Rhoda Chamberlain 

Amos b Apr U*'' 179-1 Calvin b Oct 7"^ 1795 Melonia b 3:ar 2-P^ 
1798 

Children of Joshua & Naomi Cook 

Zadoc b Mar 1 P'^ 1794 Clarissa b Janv 23'^ 179G Chloe b :\rar 23'' 
1798 Naomi b Deer 24='^ 1801 Hulda b Nov 5'^ 1804 Eversou b 
Deer 7'*' 1807 Abel Hammond b Mar 20'^' 1810 

Children of John & Susannah Knapp 

Lamson b Aug 13*" 1794 Elijah Alexander b June 19"^ 1795 John b 
Mar 13'^ 1797 

Children of Ezra &- Caroline (Goldsburv) Parker 

John Gold.bury b 3Iay 14=" 1794 Ezra Aldis b INIay 14*'' 1705 Sally 
b Dec — 170G Gardner Oilman 1) Julv 21^1798 Reuben Alexan- 
der b Mar 2'^ 1800 Abagail 1) .Alay 9 ■'''"' 1804 Caroline b D^cr 14*^ 
1805 Mary Ann b Apr 2P' 1807 Maria Ann Lanv b Nov 2P" 1509 

Children of S-smu.'! & Sophia Hill 

Eliot A>hley 1) Deer G''' 1795 Silas b Doer 8''' 179G Royal b Aug 20*^ 
1798 Daniel Sophia Harry 

* The heading of these records, vol. xxxix. p. 34fj, should be Births instead of Brptismt, 



..,,f.Ii'. .j.-mr:!: 

1'. ■ 

-.!. r. ouTr •■ 

1. -- ("f.'Ti '- 



I - ' , I . T 'in.. I M!'/- 



/. c\ ',;;/o}l I'(.;";i 



f.>;:'r.i; ..Vrn.V 



1886.] " Records of Winchester, N. II. 57 

Chiklreu of ElisLa it Charlotte Smith 

Horatio b Nov o-" 170-3 Miiry vfc Martha b Feb o^ 1798 
Child of Daniel & Eiisebia Twitchell 

Henry b Sept 14'" 1705 
Children of Elisha iS: Hannah Knapp 

Melinda b July 22'^ 1787 Clark b Apr 18*^ 1789 in Eichmond N H 

Clarissa b ^ 1795 Sophia b Mar 15*^ 1797 Harry b Jany 11"' 

1799 Ora H b Jany 1'' 1804 in Winchester by 2^^ wife Lucretia Al- 
exander 
Children of Charles & Polly Mansfield 

Hannah Pnnderson (Henderson ?) b May 11'^ 1795 Betsey b Oct IT"- 

179G Rella (Rolla?) b Apr 20'^ 1799 Charles 

Child of Joseph & Martha Miles 

Joseph b Sept 19'=^ 1795 
Child of Pearley & Rhoda Hutchins 

Pearler b Oct 17"" 1795 
Children of Jesse & Olive Guernsey 

Abner b Oct 24"' 1796 Euuice"b Nov 12=^^ 1798 
Children of Henry & Pebeckah Pratt 

Mariah b Jany G*^ 179G Henry b July G'" 1797 Marshall b Sept 25'^ 

1799 Adison b Feb 2P' 1802 Sophronia Eliza Charlotte 

Horace Julius 
Child of Levi & Elizabeth Ripley 

Mariah b Oct 11'^ 1796 
Children of Noadiah &: Polina Kellog 

Loisa b Xov 27"^ 1796 Mary How b Apr 1 1''' 1798 Josiah b Deer 

15"^ 1799 
Children of William & Keziah Ripley 

Samuel b Aug 15''-'' 179G William b June W^ 1797 Francis b Jan 

25'M799 Elizabeth b Mar 28'M802 Keziah b May — 1804 Jo- 
seph b 
Children of Ephraim & Sarah Watkins 

Truman b May G'^ 1796 Walter b Feb lO"" 1799 Philany b Aug 3'^ 

1803 
Child of Moses & Lucretia Cadwell 

George Washington b Deer 28"" 1797 
Children of Ephraim and Grata Hawkins 

Parmelia b Apr 'd^ 1797 Daniel b Aug 13'*' 1799 Pamelia b Aug 13*^ 

1802 
Children of Asahel & Hepsibah Jewell 

Pliny b Sept 27^'' 1797 Hepsibah b Aug Ih'^ 1799 Hepsibah b Oct 

2<i 1802 Moses Chamberlain b Aug 8='^ 1804 Hepsibah Nurse b Nov. 

iG'i' 1805 Asahel Leonard b Nov 16"^ 1810 
Child of Luther & Olive Vary 

Olive b Feb 14='' 1797 
Child of Daniel & Sarah Burlingale 

Sally b May 29"^ 1798 
Children of Gersham & Sally Brigham 

Alvin b Oct 2P' 1798 Becca INIerill b Feb 27'^ 1802 
Children of Jesse & Rhoda Spaulding 

Salathiel b July lo"' 1798 Elijah b Mar 12"^ 1800 

VOL. XL. C 



T0^<7 ({ tio\?cJ, 



\-ii.l;. 



f.pj, fi hi-irfl;"!'! 



i:<K d v:i/:li(l*I »-f!"; ' vl 6:/'i . 



iro^ ! 



58 The Wis wall Famihj of America. [Jan. 

Children of Amos & ]Marv Adams 

Joab F b Oct 17"-^ IGOO' Lua b Deer 13"^ 1801 Xoah b June 2"^ 1804 

A?al Deiuiisoii 
Children of John & Phebe Erskine 

Oilman b May 23=^ 1700 Poliina b Deer 25"^ ISOl George b Deer 

1S"> 1803 
Child of Seth Hammond & Anna Morse 

John Gilmau Jilorse illegitimate b Sept G'^ 1709 
Children of Porter & Hannah "Wood Samuel b Nov 24''' ISOl Almena 

b Aug 3P' 1805 
Children of Loved & Abagail Haskius 

Nehemiah b Deer 14'" 1800 Lowra (Laura?) b Mar 21^' 1804 
Child of Dr Joseph & Content Stoweli 

Parmelia b Jany 22'^ 1800 
Child of Ebeuezer & Lucy Copeland 

Orrab Deer S"' 1801 
Child of Jesse & ?.Iarv Stowell 

Esther b Nov 13"^ 1802 
Children of Asa & Abagail ^Alexander) Alexander. 

Horace b ^lar 5''' 18u3 Euiiice b Deer 2^ 1804 John Locke b Deer 

2P' 1806 Charles b Mar 8'^ J810 Francis b Feb 8*M812 Harriet 

Locke b Feb 16"^ 1814 Albert b Feb 13'^ 1817 Amos b Deer 5* 1819 

Sarah Ann b Feb 26''^ 1822 Henry b Mar 24"^ 1824 Esther Marion 

bJuly p-1827 
Children of John & Abawail Bogle 

Eliza b Deer 4"^ 1803" Johu^'b Aug 1 P^ 1805 Loiza b Feb 15*^ 1807 

Nathan Bent b Feb 25"* 1809 Mary b Deer 18"^ 1810 
Child of Shubal & Prudence Robinson 

Hannah b May 22^ 1803 
Children of Samuel & Polly Go5s Pollv b Mar 29'^ 1803 Edward b 

Deer 9'M 805 AVillard Conant b Oct'l9'M807 Leonard b Sept 2P' 

1811 
Child of John & Christian Taylor 

"Windsor b June 2'/^ 1803 
Children of Walter & Martha FoUett 

Mary b M^ar 20"^ 1806 Dexter b Sept SMS 08 
Children of Samuel Pickering 

Ferdinand b Mar 'I^"^ 1809 Loring b 31^' 1812 Alcander b 

Elvira Samuel 
Child of Tertius and Hannah Lvman 

Tertius Alexander b Mar 13"' 1812 



THE WISWALL FAMILY OF AMERICA. 

Four Generatioxs. 

By the Rev. Aysox Titcs, Amesbary, Mass. 

"OLDER JOHN WISWALL, of Boston, whom Savage says was a 
_I_J brother of Thomas AViswall, of Dorchester, married a d.nii'Iiter of 
Thomas Smith, of London; probably had a second wife. Ili^ criiith-en 
were: John; Hannah, married, lit Mahahaleel Mannings, 2d William Read, 



ifji.'iuyjUi 



lorr 



^08 r 'r: :■■ 



■^0 TJUCA'i 
.; V oil ' jf;ixrO jrjo'i 



1886.] The Wisicall Famihj of America. 59 

aud Sd Thomas Overman. She died in 1004. Deloral ; J/art/, marriod 
Emaiids; Esther, married Daniel Fisher; Martha, married John Cntter, of 

Chark'stown ; L>jdia, married Ballard ; llutk, married Henry IMonnt- 

fort, their son Ebeuezer, H. C. 1702; Rebecca, married Matthew John- 
son. Other children died young. The following is the inscriptiou upon 
his gravestone: '• Here lyeth buried ye body of John Wiswall, seruanr of 
Jesus Chri.st. Elder of the Vir^i Church in Boston, a£[ed 8G vcars. Departed 
this life the 17=" day of Aug' Anno Dom. 1087." John Wiswall, 2d, mar- 
ried 1st, Mellic_ent ; married 2d, Hannah , and had John, born 

March 21, 1067, who was "a young man with somewhat original objurga- 
tory tendencies."* John, 2d, was a mariner, and died abou't 1700, leav- 
ing widow Mary who married a White. John Wiswall, 2d, is mentioned 
as "a well-known and wealthy citizen." First Report of Record Com- 
missioners, page 40. None of the Wiswall name of to-day are of this line. 

1. Thomas' Wiswall. said by Savage to have been a brother of the fore- 
going John. He resided in Dorchester, Cambridge, Newton ; was 
born in England; came to Xew England in 1035; married 1st, 
Elizabeth ; married 2d, late in lite, Isabelle, mother of Ed- 
ward Farmer, Billerica. and widow of John. The second wife died 
in Billerica, May 21, 1CS6. He died December 6, 1683. He was 
an elder of the church, aad was a useful man in every department 
of church, official and social life. Children : 

2. i. Enoch, b. 1R33. 

ii. Esther, bapt. 1635 ; m. May 16, 1655, William Johnson, Woburn ; had 
nine children. 

3. iii. IcHABOD, b. 1037. 

4. iv. Noah, bapt. Dec. 30. 1633. 

V. Mary, m. Samuel Payson. (So stated bv Jackson and Savage.) 

vi. Sarah, bapt. >birch 19, 1653 : m. Nathaniel Holmes. 

vii. Eeen-ezer, b. 1616 ; m. Mar. 26, I6S5, Sarab Foster, widow of Elisha and 

daughter of Giles Payson. He died June 21, 1691. Ills widow died 

in 1711. 
viii. Eliza, b. April 15, 1649. 

The Dorchester Church records contain the baptism of Benjamin Wiswall 
and Mary 16. 2 mo. 49. Savage places Benjamin among the children of El- 
der John Wiswall, but adds that Mr. Eh.;nezer Clapp, •' after most patient 
investigation," thinks that he and another child named Henry " may have 
belonged " to Thomas. 

2. Enoch' Wiswall (Thomas') married Nov. 25, 1057, Elizabeth 
daughter of John Oliver, Boston, " the scholar." She died May 
31, 1712, aged 75 years. He died Nov. •2>i, 170G, aged 73 vears. 
Vide Oliver family, ante, Reg. 1865, p. 100. Children : 

5. i. JoH\, b. Dec. 10, 1653. 

ii. Enoch, b. Jan. 10, 1661: d. young. 
iii. IIanxah, b. April 6, 1662. 

6. iv. Oliver, b. Jan. 25, 1661-5. 

V. Elizabeth, h. April 28. 1667; d. April 25, 1692. 

vi. Esther, b. Dec. 2S. 1669 ; m. Silenea Allen, Jan 20 1692 

vii. SusAN-N-A, b. Aug. 2, 1672 ; m. Edward Breck, April 1, 1693. He d. in 

Dorchester, S.-pt. 3, 1713, aored 39 years. 
yiii. Enoch, b. April 6, 1675 ; d. Get. 8, 1676, 

IX. Marv, b. Aug. 27, 1677 : m. Samuel R/jinson, March 13, 1706. 

X. Samiel, b. Sept. 2, 1679; H. C. 1701 ; ordained over church at Eh^r- 

t'jwn; unmarried; d. Dec. 23, 1716. ° 

xi. Enocti, ) ^ • , r^ , ^ 

7. xii. Ebenezer, ] ^^''^^' ^- ""• 23, 16o2. 

* Vide Bay State Monthly, January, 18S4, pp. 24-7, and February, 1884, p. 128. 



tc:J ; nii.Ji. 7' j(..'fMiaolj Jj;«i!i;V'' X^-'-l ,a] (/:}A .m 



^ .inr/r.'r •' 



iJ)-'.H' •■:(','{ .v.Ti' rS^' Vf.V, f',-->;rtf (Tf i 



'lV'.t)\'-UJ .*-■' 



a. .L i-ll 



'•liTl :f ii.I.': ,(• 



-"'.'f .n ,»*-.'! , p rn.;/-i {.iji, J-k 



60 The Wisicall Famih/ of America. [Jan. 

3. IcHAEOD* WisvTAT.L {Thomns^) married 1st, Remember 



ried 2d, Priscilla Peabody, Dec. 24, 1G97, daus^hter of "William 
(John') and Elizabeth (Alden) Peabody. Priscilla was nain.-d for 
her grandmother Priscilla (Mullens) Alden, wife of John. Ichabod 
entered Harvard Collefrc, but did not graduate. He was ordained 
pastor of church in Diixbury, and died there July 23, 1700. His 
wife Priscilla died in Kingston, June 3, 172-4, a. 71 years. Children : 

i. Elizabeth, b. Nov. 6, 1670 (by first wife) ; m. Elisha ^Yad3Worch, Dux- 
bun,- ; d. Jan. 25, 1741. 

ii. Mercy, b. Oct. 4, 1650; m. Dea. John Wadsworth, June 25, 170J ; d. 
Nov. 12, 1716. 

iii. IIanxau, b. Feb. 22, 1652 ; m. Rev. John Robinson, her father".s succes- 
sor in the Duxburv pastorate. Vide Reg. vol. viii. p. 173. 

8. iv. Peleg, b. Feb. 5, 16S3. 

V. PepwEZ, b. Nov. 22, 1656. Not mentioned in father's will, 1700. 

vi. Priscilla, b. Dec. 21, 1691 ; m. Oct. 23, 1716, Gershom Bradford. Vide 

Reg. vol. iv. p. 50. 
vii. Deborah, m. Samuel Seabury, Oct. 17, 1717 ; d. in 1776, aged 84. 

4. Noah- Wis wall (Thomas^) married Theodocia, daughter of Deacon 

John Jackson, Dec. 10, 1GG4. Resided in Newton. He died July 
6, 1090. His widow afterwards married Dea. Samuel Newman, 
Rehoboth, as his third wife. Children : 

9. i. Thouas, b. April 29. 1666. 

ii. Eltzaeetu, b. Sept. 30, 166S ; m. Rev. Thomas Greenwood, H. U. 1600, 
Rehoboth, Dec. 25, 1693. He died Sept. 8. 1720. She die;! in Wey- 
mouth, Jan. 24, 1735. Had several children, among whoaa John 
(U. C. 1717), who succeeded his father in pastoral office. 

iii. Caleb. 

iv. Margaret, b. March 1, 1672 ; m. Nathaniel Parker ; d. July 30, 1736, 

V. IIaxxah, b. April 1, 1674; m. Caleb Stedman, Roxbury, 1697. 

vi. Mary, m. Nathaniel Longley. 

vii. Esther, b. April 1, 1678. 

viii. Sarah, b. Jan. 5, 1651 ; m. 1702, Joseph Cheney, Newbury. 

5. John' Wisttall (Enoch,'' Thomas^) married Hannah, daughter of 

Richard Baker, May 5, 1685, She died Sept. 18, 1G90, aged 28 

years. He married, 2d, Mary . Resided in Dorchester, 

Children : 

i. Enoch, b. Jan. 7, 1685. 

ii. John, b. Nov. 15, 1055 ; m. 1st, Sarah Pierce, June 25, 1719. She died 
Dec. 31, 1747, and he m. 2d, Eliza'jeCh, widow of John Capun, Nov. 
1750, She died May 12, 1790, in her 87th year, and he died Sept. 12, 
1774, Had eleven children by first wife— Hannah. Abigail, Ann, 
James, Either, Lois, John, Sarah, Rachel, Lucy and Francis. 

6. Oliver' "W^iswall (Enoch,- Thomas^) married Sarah, daughter of 

John Baker, Jan. 1, 1690. She died April 29, 1755, in her 87th 

year. He died March 14, 1746. Resided iu Dorchester. Children : 

i. Thojias, b. Aug. 9. 1692; m. Elizabeth Jones, Oct. 17, 1717. She died 

July 22, 1748. He died Nov. 21, 1752, Children: Sarah, Thomas, 

Mary and Elizabeth. 
ii. Hannah, b, Jan, 18, 1691-5; m. Edward AVhite, Erookline, Jan. 22, 

171.S-19, 
iii. Enoch, b. JIarch 19, 1697 ; m. Susanna Cocks, Nov. 30, 1722. S!ie died 

July 15, 1772, and he died Feb. 6, 1784, 
iv. EisENEZER, b, March 3, 1699. 
V. Oliver, b. June 2, 1702 ; m, Mary Minot; .March 18, 1730. She died 

Jan. 2, 1795, in her 90th year, and he died Feb. 13, 1791, 
vi. Ichabod, b. Sept. 11,1704. 

10. Tii. SAiiuEL, b. April 13, 1707, 
viii, John, b, Jan, 6, 1712. 









VTj'iTToV^ ,v>«9i!l' liij'^'L ,U>TI .CO. 



Ir-.'M-V.M t: * ^;r^!=c>il . pi.-l'^ ,1 






1886.] The }Visicall Familif of America. 61 

7. Ebexezer' AYis'svall (Enoch.- Thomas^) married Anna Capea, of 

Dorchester, Xov. ;J0. 1721. Children : 

i. Ebenezer, b. June 10, 17-22. 

ii. Mary, b. April 7. 17-21. 

iii. Oliver, b. Nov. *21, 1725. 

iv. NoAU, b. Xov. '2.5. 1727. Settled la Westminster and died there, 1501. 

V. Daniel, b. Nov. 20. 1729. 

vi. Job, b. Sept. 10, 1731 ; d. Nov. 6, 1731. 

Til. EsTUER, b. Dec. 2S. 1732. 

viii. Samuel, b. Oct. 3. 1731 ; m. Sarah Dyer, Julj' 18, 1759, in Worcester. 

is. Elijah, b. Dee. 22. 173S ; d. Jan. 16, 173^-9. 

X. An.v, b. Jan. 11, 1739-10; d. Feb. 10, 1739-10. 

xi. Hannah, b. July 3, 1712 ; d. Sept. 16, 1712. 

xii. IcHAEOD, b. Dec. IS, 1713. 

8. Peleg^ Wis-^all (Iclialod,- Thomas^), II. C. 1705, married Elizabeth, 

dautrhter of Dr. Samuel Rogers, II. C 1GS6, of Ipswich. Published 
in Ipswich, Nov. 21, 1719. She died Dec. 1, 1743, a. 47. The fol- 
lowing is the inscription upon his tombstone in Copp's Hill, Boston : 
" Here Lyes buried the Body of IMr. Pe'Lg Wiswall, late jMaster of 
the North Grammar School, died Sept. 2°^ 1767, in the 84"" year 
of his age." ]Mr. Wiswall became master of the Boston Grammar 
School early in the century. He was engaged for six months, in 
1705, as per Memori(.(l History, vol. ii.. and invited to the North 
Grammar School in 1719. The ^Memorial History may be in error 
when it says that a son of the same name was given liberty for a 
writing school for this winter (1729) in the chamber of the Alms- 
house. Children : 

i. Elizabeth, b. Nov. 4, 1720. 

ii. Daniel, b. Feb. 13. 1722; m. Sarah Flail, April 12, 1753. She died Sept. 
17, 1769, aged 33. Buried in Cambridge. 

iii. Priscilla, b. Dec. 17, 1725. 

iv. Sarah, bupt. in Old South Church, Boston. May 4, 1729. 

V. John, b. April 15, 1731; II. C. 1749; setiled over parish Falmouth, 
1756. In 17G1 changed religious views and settled over Episcopal 
Church in Porrland ; was a loyalist in the Revolution : went to Eng- 
land in 1775, where he was a curate ; at close of Revolution he estab- 
lished himself at Cornwaliis, Nova Sooti i, where he died in 1S12. He 
m. Mercy .Minot, of Brunswick, daughter of Judge John Minot. Had 
family, among wiiom was .=on Peieg, -Judge of the Supreme Court of 
Nova Scotia. Sabine's Loyalists, vol. ii. p. 448. 

9. Thomas' Wiswall (AoaA,* Thomas^) resided in Newton on home- 

stead of his father; married Hannah Cheney, of Newbury, Dec. 17, 
1G96. He died 1709. His widow married Dea. David Newman, 
Rehoboth, June, 1719. Children: 

i. Hannah, b. Oct. 15, 1697. 

ii. Noah, b. Sept. 1699. Had a son John born 17.53, who removed to Marl- 
borough, N. H. Vide History of Marlboroueh, p. 700. 

iii. Sarah, b. March 4, 1701 ; m. John Newman, 1730. 

iv. Mart, b. Oct. 1, 1702. 

V. Elizadeth, b. Aug. 25, 1701 ; m. Nathaniel Longlev, Jr. 

vi. Thomas, b. 1707 ; m. Sarah Daniel, Needham, Dec' 20, 1733 ; settled in 
Mcdway, Ma-s. 

Tii. IcHABOD, b. 17u9 or 10; settled in xVttleburough. 

10. Samuel^ Wiswall ( Oliver,' Enoch,' Tiioinas^) married Elizabeth 
Franklin, Oct. 17, 1730, iu Dorchester. Children : 

VOL. XL. 6* 



.: .'•-••i 1>3!J' :ni?. .t^\l .' 



•I-! J/ 



.<• u'.;-,' I 



62 I^eio England Gleaniyigs. [Jan. 

i. Elizabeth, b. Jan. 29. 1733-4. 

ii. David, b. Nov. 13, 1735. 

iii. JoxATHAX, b. Feb. 11, 1737-8. Settled in Ilolliston, where he died in 
ISOS, leaving wife .Mary, sons David, Oliver, and several daughters. 

iv. Moses, b. Dec. 15, 1710. 

V. RcTH, b. Oct. l'-2, 1712; m. Joshua Sabin. {Ante, Reg. vol. xxxvi. 
p. 57.) 

vi. Bexjamin'. b. Aiiq;. 21). 1715. 

Tii. Leer, b. Dec. 29,174!); m. Sylvanus Sabin, and from whom the com- 
piler descended. {Ante, Reg. vol. xxxvi. 1SS2, p. 57.) 

viii. , b. Aug. 24, 1751. 

ix. Sarau, b. Aug. 19, 1753. 

X. Samuel, b. April 24, 1758. 



NEW ENGLAND GLEANINGS. 

fContinned from vol, xxxix. page 1S5.] 

UNDER this head wc print items furni.^liing clevis to the Eng- 
lish residences of the settlers of New Enghmd. 

XL 

Begistry of Deeds of Svffolh County — Vol viii. page 392. — Philip Tor- 
rey aged fifty-nine years or thereabouts, heretofore of Combe St Nicholas 
in the county of Somersett within the Eealme of Enghand, there livinrj un- 
til the yeare sixteen hundred and forty (yeoman) in that year removein'^ to 
New England, with William Torrey & Samuell his son both of the sd Comb 
St Nicholas with whome he lived for severall years & being arrived in 
New England settled and hath ever since lived in lloxbury in the county 
of Suffolk in New England aforesd, on his corporall oath deposed that he'e 
well knew & was acquainted with the sd William Torrey the Father, and 
Samuell Torrey his sonu all the whiles hee lived in Comb St Nicholas 
aforesd in Old England & ever since he came to New England and to this 
day, beeing in their company on his oath affirms them to bee the same 
William Torrey & Samuel Torrey father & sonn abovesd, having several 
opertunities in each year to see and confer with them ever smce, they bein^ 
in good health this day being the fifth of March 1G73-4. 

{Same jKtper as above.) George Fry also of Combe St Nicholas deposes 
he came in 1G40 in the same shipp with Wm Torrey & Sam'l Torrey his 
sonn — " and being arived in New England settled and ever since have lived 
in Weymouth." 

Com. by John J. Loud, Esq., Weymouth, 3Jass. 

[I send the following abstract from a copy of a will in my possession : 
Will of John ilullister of the precincts of the Ca-tie in the City of Bristol [Glou- 
cestershirel. cordwainer, being aged. Dated Sept. 12, 1G90. To late wife's grand 
dau. Jone Webb; late wife's grand son Brice Webb. The meeting house to which 
I usually go. Late wife's grand dau. Mary Mitten's [possibly Mibben's] two daus. 
Mary and Elizabeth. To my daughter Elizabeth, wife of ^Villiam Taylor, a chest 
marked I. G. which was her mother's maiden chest. My cosen Hannah Conway 
wife of Mr. William Conway of Westport near Malmsbury. Wilts. Mv brother- 
in-law William Shipp of Saterby in Acton, Glouc, and'his wife. iMy brother 
Shipp's two sons Daniel and John which he had by my sister. My cosen -fuhn 
Hollister, son of Abel iloUister late of Yeate in Glouc, dec'd. All t!ic rest of my 
brothers' and my sisters' children, " excepting my cosen Samuel Alway " [<.iuery, 



1886.] JS^eto England Gleanings. 63 

Conway] because as I judsre he defrauded his sister Hannah Conway and her hus- 
band of a bond of £10." To my co>en Samuel Il'jllister of Barrin2;ton, Somerset, 
the management of t!ie frrouiu] there in the parish of llunt^pil, Somerset, called 
Catchams in the jjossession of Francis Seaker ; " and also the Ground called Tor- 
revs (12 acres) wherein Capt. AVilliam Torrey and his sou Mr. Samuel Torrey hath 
(.«>) lease for their lives in it (sic), both lying {gic. query " living " ?) in New 
England,"' he to collect rents, A:c., " till otherwise ordered by tliem in New Eng- 
land," and to discharge a lei^acy of £22-19-0 to Mr. Conway and his wife of .Malmes- 
bury, \Vilts. " To 8 ministers, that is Mr. Thomas Barnes of \VelIes, Mr. Asell 
of Wootton, Mr. Barnes of James" schoolmaster, Mr. 'Winncy, Mr. Dancey of Sta- 
belton, Mr. Smith of Barton and Mr. Scarle of Marshlield 20 s. each." To my 
cosen Axell of Wootton ti; Mr. Smith of Saford"s Gate. "'To 5 poor women viz 
w° Noble in Temple street, w" Peugh of the Alms house, w^ Ilycs with out Sali'ord's 
Gate, w^ Harris in Thomas street and Mrs. King behind St. Philips church yard." 
To Jane Parker. To my cosen Abel Hollister"s six sons. To Mr. Thomas Seroope 
& Doctor Chauncy for charitable uses £2. yearly for seven years out of my house 
in the Castle. To my dan. in law Elizabeth Taylor's mother's grand children, 
Mary Mitten's [pnssifily Mibben"s] children to have their motlier's part. To my 
cosen Philip HoUister my hoase ••in" the Castle ditch for life " if lease last so 
long," with remainder to my grandson Erice Webb. To my grand dan. Jone Webb 
my house "by" the Castle ditch. All the residue to my cosen Philip Hollister. 
Appoint him sole executor. My son in law William Taylor and friend Jonathan 
Allen to be overseers. Proved Dee. 5, 1690. — William H. Upton, of Walla Walla, 
W. T.] 

XII. 

John Boden ao;ed G6 deposes at Salem Sept — 1730 that he well knew 
Arthur and Andrew Alger of Scarborough (Rkg. xxix. 270) and always 
understood froaa them that they called their place Dunstan after the place 
they came from in England. 

Mass. Archives, xv. A. p. 11. — Elizabeth Scott, aged about 47, relict of 
the late Robert Scott, of lioston, deposes 4 Dec. 1(303 that about 2G years 
ago she well knew one Robert Smith, said to be a wine cooper in London 
who came over with his wife to New England and brou^dit with them his 
sister ]Mary Smith, and had sent over his sister Anne Smith the year be- 
fore. That when Robert Smith and his wife went back to P^ngland, he 
left his two sisters behind — That Anne Smith about 25 years ago married 
John Keiirick then of Boston and had several children by him. That Mary 
Smith married Philip Torrey and has children and is still living in Bo.ston. 

[Peter Gardiner of Roxbury testifies that Mary Torrey's first husband John Scar- 
borough was killed at Boston, shooting off one of the great guns. — n. E. w. 
See Gleaning XI. — Editor.] 

Id. viii. 92. — Joseph Cooper, of Birmingham, County "Warwick. King- 
dom of England, aged 75, and Thomas Guest, of said Birmingham aged S4, 
depose 7 Dec. 1700, that they knew old Anthony Pen a shoemaker in said 
Birmingham long since dead who had several children viz. Guy Pen, John 
Pen, AN^illiam Pen, Athony Pen, and f^Iizabeth Pen, all which except y° 
said "William Pen these Deponents know to be dead, and say y' above 50 
years agoe y* sd "William Pen went into New England in America where he 
is said to be dead also. That said .John Pen and Elizabeth Pen died with- 
out issue; that said Guy Pen died leaving but two children viz. Elizabeth 
and Mary, which said P^lizabeth has been dead many years and y" said 
Mary is now living and y'' wife of one .James Ensor living in Derituiid a 
vill next adjoining to said town of Birmingham, that said Anthony I^ea 
the sou left several children who are all dead withouc issue except Lis son 
Anthony a shoemaker whom they know and who is now living in health 
at Birmingham. 



■-■n'A .•^: 



64 JN'eio England Gleanings. [Jan. 

Id. XV. A. 269. — Alexander Stewart deposes 7 June 1764 tliat be was 
born a!id broiiglit up at Belfast iu Ireland and there lived until aboui: 33 
years of age, and then came over into this Province where I have lived 
about 30 years more. 

Id. ix. 125. — "Writ against Sir Kobt. Robinson Knt late Lieut. Governor 
and Commander iu Chief of Bermudas als Summer Islands at present resi- 
dent in Boston — dated 12 July 1692. 

M. XV. A. 40. — 3 Nov. 1749. Pierre Bellee and Julius -Jacques Girau- 
det, two French surgeons petition for and receive permissou to settle in Mas- 
sachusetts — and their permission to depart from Louisbourg is dated 20 
Oct. 1749. 

Id. XV. A. 59. — Mr. Joseph Crellius, a gentleman of Franconia and for 
divers years past a resident in the Colony of Pennsylvania. — Letter of 1 
Aug. 1750. 

Id. viii. 266. — Isaac Pobardo and Samuel M'^Kinnon both of S* Christo- 
pher's now residing in Boston, depose 14 Sept. 1730, they were personally 
acquainted with Mr. George Fames of S' Christopher's aforesaid, but now 
of said Boston. 

Id. viii. 237.— 30 Jany 1720. Lettuce Bedgood, wife of Capt. Edward 
Bedgood of Boston, mariner, deposes that about 6 years since she lived at a 
place called Ilingwood iu the County of Hampshire in Great Britain, she 
being born there and having always lived there till her marriage : that she 
knew and was well acquainted with Edward Baily of said town of Ring- 
wood, clothier, who died about 14 years since, who had two sons named 
Richard Baily and Henry Baily which were the children living of said Ed- 
ward when she left Ringwood : that she very well knows the said Henry 
Baily having on the day of the date hereof seen him in Boston — the said 
Henry being ahvays reputed the lawful son of said Edv.ard Baily deceased 
by Mary his wife wdio was living when this deponent left Ringwood. 

Id. viii. 238. — Richard Baily of Dorchester in N. E. husbandman, de- 
poses 30 Jan'y 1720 that he was the sou of Edward Baily clothier and 
;Mary his wife who was lately living — and was born in Ringwood in the 
County of Hampshire in Great Britain, and came over into this country 
about 4 years since. That he has a brother Henry liaily now living in 
New England — whom this Deponent saw on the day of the date hereof — 
and one sister named Frances, who with himself are all the children now 
living left by his said father and mother. 

Id. viii. 238.-28 July 1718. Thomas Spencer, Master of the ship " Al- 
exander " at the order of the Court gives bond in £25. to save the town of 
Boston harmless from charges for support of John Bellow an infirm passen- 
ger he brought with him iu said ship. 

Torh Reg. i. 19. — 5 May 1636. Thomas Bradbury Agent for Sir Fer- 
dinando Gorges conveys 500 acres on the Piscutaqua River to Edward 
Johnson for the use of John Treworgy of Dartmouth. 

[This Thomas Bradbury is supposed by the late John M. Bradbury, Esq.. to have 
been a son of WyinonJ and Elizabeth (Whiti^dft) Bradbury of Wicken Bonr-nt in 
Essex, baptized in that parish, Feb. 2H, lOlu-ll; and ho produces evidence tiiat 
makes his conjecture extremely probable (Reg. xxiii. 2G3-fi). Elizabeth \VLi:_dfi:, 
wile of Wyniond Bradbury, was a niece of Archbishop J^jlin ^Vh^ti;ilt (i;'.//i, p. 
26iJj. Thomas Bradbury, the agent of Gorges, was in England, May 1, IGIJl, as he, 



188G.] JS'^eic England Gleanings. 65 

with the nored Thomas Morton, witnes?eJ a deed executed that day (Reg. xxsii. 
pp. 50-4). A lac-simile uf his auto2;raph will be found on p. 54 of that volume, 
which inaj- he compared with his auto,a^lph at a later period of his life, which is 
given in the Register, xsiii. '263. — Editor.] 

Id. i. 250; 9 May 1G61. — Robert Fletton ■n-ritiug from " Haulborne 
hills Corner house going into Scroune's Court against St. Andrews Church 
Loudon" to •' Mr [Sylvester ?] Herbert a Taylor liveiug at Pisbcbataqu'^ 
river 100 miles Eastward from Boston in New England " states — "your 
wife's mother in London whose name was Mis Ramsey, sbee being now 
dead left mee her Executor & by her will .... £100 was to bee payd to 
you or your assigns by teun pounds a yeare for the education of your daugh- 
ter .... It was given to her as Liveing in the Barbados. 

The bearer is my friend .... his name is Mr. Edmund Caverly." 

Id. i. 91. — 16 Oct. lC-59. Pierre La Croix acknowdedges himself in- 
debted to ^sicholas Shapleigh, of Kittery. in the sum of £10: 9s. to be paid 
in good " 3Iuskavado Sugar " at the bridge Towne in Barbados. 

Witnessed by Ilenery Barkecley, Antipas Mavericke, Jacope Tomker. 
Stephen Spencer. 

Id. i. 89. — Certificate from the Registry of the Court of Probate at West- 
minster, that on the S''' day of September 1G53, '• letters of administration 
upon the estate of William Berkley late one of the Aldermen of the City 
of London, were granted to Henry Berkley the natural & Lawfull Sonne of 
the said deceased .... who desessed without anie will " .... 

Id. i. 200. 1 Oct. 1C60.— " Hen: Barklet " acting as Attorney for Capt. 
"Walter Barefoot. 

Com. by William 3L Sargent, Esq., Portland, Me. 

XHL 

Mass. Archives, xxxls. 554, — William Thompson aged about 28. May 
26. 1677, lived with his uncle Mr John Cogswell of Ipswich 16 years, and. 
when in Old England last Winter heard " my father" Dr. Samuel Thomp- 
son say that " my uncle" had a turkie work carpet there. 

Id. xl. 193. — James Boaden in 1684 says he came from Ireland wdth. 
John Jones on account of Mr Samuel " goukeing " of Cambridge " who 
transferred me to his brother Edmond Batter of Salem, who transferred 
me to his kinsman John Felps of Salem," &c. 

Id. \ix. 127. — Richard Hollingworth of Salem in 1673, says his father 
arrived about 40 years since with a family of twelve and a good estate 
and was the first builder of vessels. 

Essex County Court Files, xxxv. 92. — Mary Wayte aged 40 years, June 
25, IGSl, testifies about Mr Farley coming over from England in 1075 
and entering upon the fulling mills of Richard Saltonstall Esq at Ipswich. 

Id. xliv. 28-33. — John Peach aged about 80 years says June 23, 1684, 
that John Bennett dec'd came with him into X. E. in the same ship in the 
year 1G30, and his wife Margaret some years after, and they lived many 
years in Marblehead, where they had one daughter called Mary. No other 
child. John Devereux, aged about 70 and wife Ann about 62 say July 1. 
1685, that Mary, dau. of John <S: Margaret Bennett dec'd was wife or 
Christopher Codner dec'd and afterwards in Richard Downing & had many 
children, by Chris. Codner she had Joane who m Joseph Bubier. 



::-:i ; ->! 



^'.r ,i,vv;n.AV ,.^>'? 



-7i.ir ;<i 



66 Relation concerninj JVew England. [Jan. 

/(/. xliv. 74. — John Coclner deposed at Boston May 28, 1685 as vritness 
to Letter of Attorney, executed at .Sherburne, County Dorset, EiiLi'.aiid i>y 
Jehu Hudd, 3Ich 5, 168i, to Bartholomevf Gedney of Salem. 

/(/, xlix. 143. — Margaret wife of John Searle of Marblehead in 1 GOO, 
calls Richard Girdler a Jersey Rogue. 

Id. liii. 11. — Marblehead inhabitants represent in 1G67, that maiiv came 
there from England New Foundland and elsewhere and some were iinde- 
sirable. 

Id. xxvi. 67. — Jeffrey Thissell of Abbotsbury, County Dorset, England, 
now of Marblehead, 1675. 

Id. XTiii. 82. — Elizabeth Barker of London, widow, only daughter and 
heiress of Hugh Peters sometime heretofore of Salem, N. E. deceased. 
Clerk, confirms" to Robert Devereux of ^Marblehead, Tanner, the iV-im of 
350 acres now in his occupation Jane 30, 1704. 
, [See Register, xxxix. 3T3. — Editor.] 

Id. xi. 132. — "The Testimony of John Devoreux of Marblehead aged 
about Eighty years, — Testitieth & Saith y' about y^ yeare of Our Lord 
One thousand Six hundred & Thirty I came over from old England :o New 
England & y^ place of my abode and residence has been at wSnIena & 
Marblehead Ever since & when I came hither here was an old S |wah 
Called old Sqwaw Sachem y*^ Sqwaw of y^ deced Sachem which had ihree 
reputed sons, viz: John James and George, whoe were y"^ Reputed Sacaems 
& Owners of all y"" Lands in these parts as Salem, Marblehead, Lian and 
as far as Mistick & in those dayes y^ Land where Salem Towne Now 
Stands & y^ Lands adjacent was Called Nahumkege by y'' Indians & Eng- 
lish Then Inhabiting in these parts: Sworne, Marblehead, Decen.ler y* 
24, 1694, before us Johx Hathorxe Just pc & Coram 

T TT r Just, peaces. 

John Higgixsox j ^ 

Cfom. by Henry E. Waite, Esq., of West Xewton, Mass. 



EELATION CONCERNING THE ESTATE OF NEW- 
ENGLAND.— About 1G34. 

Communicated by Henet Fitz-Giibzet AVatee?, A.M., of LondoD, England, vrith Intro- 
daction and Notes by Dr. Ciiaihes Edwakd Baxks. 

THE subjoined document is properly to be accounted a part of 
the harvest of " Gleanings " made by Ish. Waters f jr the 
Register, but is here treated separately on account of its length 
and importance. It was not first discovered by Mr. Waters, how- 
ever, as a large portion of the same manuscript was copied for John 
Scribner Jenness, Esq., and printed by him in 187G in his private 
edition of "Transcripts of Original Documents relating to New 
Hampshire," pp. 21-25. In that form the document was seen by 
but few persons to whom the limited private edition was available, 
and it is now believed that a complete collated reprint of the manu- 



Ai 



1; ■■.J lo Ji.la 



i-'- 



1886.] Ilelatlon concerning JVeic England. 67 

script ^Yill attract the attention v,-liich it deserves, and secure for it 
a worthy place beside the similar Maverick MS. found by Mr. 
"Waters and printed in the Register (vol. xxxix. pp. 33-48). 

It is certain that this document was considered an important col- 
lection of iuformation at the time of its writing, as three contempo- 
rary copies have been found in the British Museum, — Sloane Col- 
lection, Xos. 2505, 3105, 3448. — by Mr. "Waters,^ as stated in 
his note at the end of the ''Relation." It is possible that this im- 
portance miglit have arisen from the character of the writer, who 
may have been sent out officially bv the Council for jS^ew England 
to gather material, or he may have been some well known traveller, 
for the authorship is anonymous. There are some few points in 
it, however, which help us to give it a date and possibly a habi- 
tation and a name. The writer refers to the plague which 
decimated the Indian tribes of New England, '■ w*^'' happened," he 
says, "about 17 years since." This plague is by general consent 
assigned to the three years, including IIJIG-IGIS, and if we add tlie 
" 17 years" above stated to the mean of the period occupied by the 
plague, we shall make 1G34 the proximate date of this document.* 
The single reference the writer makes to his own personality is at 
the close of the manuscript where he describes himself as " noc pro- 
fessed Scholler," which fjr purposes of identification is exceedingly 
vague, and leaves us to infer simply that he was not a college graduate. 
However, he says, " my aboade was farre distant from neighbo" . . . 
myselfe and Colonie allwayes professinge the doctrine discipline of 
the Church of England." This seems to point, without much doubt, 
to the settlc'.nents at the mouth oi^ the Piscaraqua or in the Province 
of Maine, which were colonized by Churchmen. Among the prom- 
inent inhabitants of the former locality, the name of Captain Walter 
Neale suggests itself as a possibility because of his official connec- 
tion with the New Hampshire settlements, having been in effect a 
"Governor" of all the territory owned by Mason and Gorges as 
early as 1630, by virtue of his connection with the Laconia Compa- 
ny. He could well say he was " noe professed Scholler," as he 
was a soldier by education, "having served," he says, " in all the 
Kings expeditions for the last twenty years ; and commanded for 
four years the Company of the Artillery Garden," of London.' He 
returned to England in August, 1633, and December 12, follovring, 
was recommended by King Charles for reappointment as captain of 
the Artillery Garden.* After his return to London he may have 
drawn up the " Relation " printed below, for the use of Mason and 

' Jenness printed a portion of No. 31-iS in liis " Transcripts." 

' The ori:,'inil aiuhuriiioson the siiiijcet of th^? Imlian Pl.'.-'ie are Mourt's Relation 33, 42. 
Gorges, Iirii:fi; Sanation, lib. i. p. 12; Braiiford, Pivinoiitli Plantation, lOo; Cushman, ii 
YouDL', Chronicles of Fiicrrini*. 225, 2.5S; Il::.'i':ns6n, Ntjw En:,'lind'.s Plantation, Mass. 
Hi-t. Coll., i. 12:;; >rorto;i, N.:'.v- EnS'i.-h Cariuan, lib. i. c. 3; V.'hite, Planters' Plea, c. iv.; 
Johnson, W.ir.Jjr-U'orkin--' Providence, lib. i. c. 8. 

- Coloniiil State Papers, i.x. 131. 

* Dojucatic State Papers (Charles I.), cclix. 70; comp., Repertory, xlviii. f. SQ'-*. 



68 Relation concern inr/ JTew Un gland. [Jan. 

others, and the date of the paper, as computed above (1634), would 
6ccm to make tliis a plausible guess.' 

Otlier names might be suggested,, but it would be a mere list of 
names of prominent persons who could have written it, and such 
epeculations,- with not as much basis as the sinunise above made, 
would be unprofitable. 

The words in brackets appear in one or more of the copies collated 
by Mr. Waters, and such interpolation will be noted in the refer- 
ences to foot-notes with the initials H. F. w. 

Charles E. Banks. 



A [TRUE] RELATION CONCERXYXGE THE ESTATE OF 
NEW=ENGLAND 

[As IT AVAS PKESEXTED TO HIS MaTIeI. 

A Relation Concernin£;e Xew England 
fior the perfect understandinge the state of New England these three 
thinge-? tle?erue consiJeracon viz', 
i The Couutrie, 

2 The Comodities : 

3 The Inhabitants : 

The Couxtrte. 

^*^'*'"fd'°° Xew=Eiigland is scituate in the Xorth part of the ]\Iaine Con- 
Clymatc. tineiit of America included w"'in t!ie degrees of 40 and 48 of 
Northerly Latitude a Clymate through out all the world esteem- 
ed temperate and healthfull and by experience it is found that noe 
Couutrie eaioyeth a more salubrious aire then New-Englund. and 
though the Winter be more sharpe then ordinariely heare, yett it 
is lesse offeusiue by reason the aire is more cleer and the cold all- 
wayes drie 

Sea Coans The sea coast is rathe* a lowe then a high land full of headlands 

'°p J{^'_^°'^ or causies w'^ are Rocky The Inmost parts of the couutrie are 
mountayuous intermixed v,-'^ ft-ultfull valleyes and large Lakes, w*^*^ 
want not store of good tiish the hills are noe where barren though 
in some places stouie. but are fruitfull in trees and grasse 

RiTers. The Couutrie is full of Rive'' tfresli brookes and springes the 

rive" abound in plentie of excellent ifish as sturgion Basse &c. 
yett are they full of falls w*^*" makes them not navigable farr into 
the land. 

Harbours. There is noe countrie greate'' stored of good Harbours then in 
New=England. 

' One other piece of collateral eviJence may be here considered. The writer sars in the 
Relation, that tlic patents of " Ca.<sica " (Ca>co) and '■ that .^ranted to John Stratton vrere 
at my Cominj-'e a\v;iy f.jr-aken." The Casco patent to whicli he referi Is the one iiranting 
fv'iOO acres t'/Chri-topher Levett, who I'Uiit in 1024 a I'^rtitied hou~e on House T-I:::..l, Port- 
land Har'ior. This [Mton: was soon " pjr-aken " fy Levctt, and not till the spring <A 1033 
did Getiru'e Ch.'cvcs s-tr.'e there under this " dead and outwornc title," as Trelawny styles 
it. N'cal'i may not have known in Auga-t, Id'-i-i, of tliis settlement of Cleeves wh-^n he 
srtiled f')\- En::laTid, and so stated that it was " forsak'^n" at his •' coming away." .Strat- 
ton had a 2^r.int of 2')-J> acres, 1 December, 1031, on the south side of Cape P'orpu-, but 
nover Ecttird there. (Trelawny Papers, 102, 199 ; comp. Lcvett, Voyage into Now Eng- 
land, jiasiim.) 



1S8G.] 



Relation concerning Xev: England. 



69 



Seas. 
Soile. 



Beaste-i. 



ffoule. 
ffertilitie. 



ffi-!h and 
Beaver. 



Natiues 



VOL 



The sens bonlcringc tlie shore are full of Islan<ls and plentiful- 
lie stored w"^ the hest )ii<h as Codd Hake Haddock Mackerell &c : 
The Sovle of Xeu--England is geuerallv fruitfidl aboundin-^ in 
\v ood 01 all sorts j-roper to this Countrie, there are besides oreat 
pleotie of Pyne tiirr spruce and some C:edar it is fruitfidl iu 
grasse where the highnes of the woods hinder it not, the Corne 
used in the countrie is the Indian Maize called Turkey Wheate 
but all sorts of English graine. where thev are sowne'thriue ex- 
ceednige well, the soyle naturally produces wild vevnes in abound- 
ance and some whose grapes for bignes surpasse' the grapes of 
fFrance and were they husbanded would questioneless excell in 
goodnes there are three sorts of plants whereof Lyunen and Cord- 
age may bee made, the coursest sort excells our hempe and the 
finest may equal! the coursest siike 

The land doth nourish aboundauce of deere beares and the 
beasts called moose peculier to those countries, and^he brookes 
Ivive" and ponds are well stored w'** Beave" Otte" and mus- 
quashes, there are ^alsoe dine" kiudes of small beasts but those 
otfensiue are onely wolues and tlbxes 

There is alsoe grppt plenty of all sorts of ffoule in thpire seue-ill 
seasons especially Turkyes Geese and Ducks : 
_ To conclude what so'euer the earth in England or ffrance doth 
either nourish or produce though it mav not att this present bee 
found in New England yett beinge transported or planted will 
thnue and growe there to more then an ordinarie perfection 

CoillODITTE 

^ The most valuable comodities the Countrie will atTjrd are theis 
ffish Beaver skins wyne Pitch Tarr Lvnnen Corda-e Iron and 
lymber of all sorts for shippinge, what Mines or Miu'erall except 
Iron are in tlie_Countrie is yett unkuowen for want of tryall 

Off theis Comodities onely tiish and Beave^ skins are for the 
p''sent made use of 

The m»h of theis parts is noe where excelled and brin-es into 
England yearely great store of ready money from ffrance and 
bpame _ Ihe Beaver likewise w^^' comes from thence preserues 
w in this kiugdome both monev and merchan.lises w^'^ otherwise 
would bee exported for the same into ffrance and other countries • 

Ihe other Comodityes are to tlie Plante" as vett unusefull 
nethe^ caun they w''' Proffitt bee undertaken untilf the Countrie 
shalbeeso sufficientlie stored w'*^ Corne and Cattle as it will ffeede 
the Inhabitants w'''out any dependance for supplie from En^dand 

It IS most probable that salt may bee made in New ETvdand 
fiorthe sunn and weather are of sufficient strength to make ic 
And see large a tract of land and so full of Parishes bv the sea 
side cannot waunt some grownds proper for that use 

IxniBIXAXTS 

The Inhabitants of New England are of two sorts the natiues 
and the Plante". 

The natiues of the Countrie are att this tyme verie few in 
number though Jieretofore populous di.troved bv a -reat and 
geneiall p.ague w^' huppined about 17 yearcs since; ieaviu-e 
. XL. 7 ' o 



I'th -xoi i.j; 



r :i ">*.•• ' OlJj 



••,•'<"-•' t • ■•f 



70 



Relation concerning Ncio England. 



[Jan. 



Dutch plan 
tacoa. 



ffrench. 



not the fortieth person liveinge since w*^** time they have neue' 
increased, they line nere and amonge the English but are beueticiall 
to them onely in the trade of Beaue'' w'^'' they exchange for our 
Couiodities Tlioire want of people makes them not feared by us 
as not beinge able to doe mucli mischeife ; w*^" otherwise doubtles 
they would doe as was found by lamentable experience the last 
yeare.® 

What the manne" and customes of these Indians are is trulie 
and att large related by a tfrenchman whose booke is translated 
into English intituled Nova Ifrancia:^ 

The Plante" of newe England are of three seuerall nations, 
English ffVeuch and Dutch 

The Dutch are seated uppon the southwest part of New 
England on the uttermost borde'' confiuinge Virginia they are 
there planted by authoritie from the Indian Companie, not 
acknowledging his 3Ia'"^^ royaltie, who though they are not 
proffitable to theire maste" by reason of the great charge in 
maintenance of servants and souldie", yett are they a great 
hindrance to the English Colonies in their trade of lieave^ fFor 
that one Rive'' whereon they are setled yeilds as much (if not 
more) beaver then all the rest of New England planted by the 
English, and may bee esteemed yearelie about tenn thousand 
pounds waight of beave'' the Rive'' and Countries adioyninge. 
where they are planted is the best part of New=Englaud onely 
they haue noe tiishing 

The Ifrench are now possessed of that w"''* formerlie was the 
Scottish plantations beinge on the Northeast part of New Eng- 
land, they doe already beginn to exceede the bounds intended 
by his Ma*'^ for their Lymitts and doe day (lie) furnish the 
Indians w^'' armes and munition to the great dange'' and preiudice 
of the English they alsoe intend to prohibite the English their 
accustomed trathque in those parts for these reasons they are 
iustlie seated' to proue ill neighbou". 

The English are planted in the middest betwixt the Dutch and 
ffrench in a Countrie flirr exceedinge that of the flfrench though 
somewhat inferiour to the Dutch habitacon. 

This part of the countrie was manie yeares since planted by the 
English in the time and by the meanes of the Lord Cheife Justice 
Popham and some others, and especially by S' tfirdinando Gorges 
knight but those plantacons prospered not through the ill choice 
£made] of places cofiiodious for habitation' 

« The " lamentable experience " which was encountered the " last ycare," that is 1633, 
if our date is correct, may be one of the numerous plot? laid by the Narraganset Indiana 
ngainst the Engli-h. as told by Winthrop and other contemporarv writers. 

^ Marc LesciU-bot's Historic do la Novvelle France, first puldi^hod in Paris, 1609. It was 
translated into En::lish by Erondelle and published in London without date, and this edition 
is probably the one referred to. 

* No. 3105 has " ifuared." I have inserted two words [in brackets] from that MS., viz. 
" made" and " since." — h. f. tv. 

» The phrase " prospered not " may be used by some advocate of the permanency of the 
Popham Colony to show that it was not abandoned, but merely unpro=p(;rous. This may 
be strengthened by a quotation from the succeeding para^'raph, which savs that the Fly- 
mouth Colony was the first plantation settled " to any purpose." On the contrary, Maverick's 
statement (Reg. xxxix. Sv) leaves no doubt that it was abandoned. See an article by 
the writer of tlit:so notes on •' Settlements in Maine Prior to 1G20," in the NLtinti- Genealogi- 
cal and Historical Recorder, vol. ii. No. 4, in which the Popham case is disca.^;Ld- 



English. 



1886.] Relcttlon concerning 2^eic En'jland. 71 

The Prejent luliabitojits of New Plymouth were the first that 
settled a plantatiou to any purpose in Xe\v England who went 
thither to iuhibite about some 15 yeares [siuceV" but the great 
Dumbe" of people w"^ makes the Countrie seeme now somewhat 
populous w'^ English hath been transported w'^in these 9 yeares 
under the governm' of M''Indicott and M'' Winthrop :" who haue 
seated themselues in the west and more southerlie part of the 
countrie about the same tyme and since diue" others private 
Colonies haue been planted in the more Esterlie and Northern 
parts 
Patents. The English are planted in this Countrie by vertue of Patents 
granted unto them from the President and . Counsel! of New 
England w*^^ soe farr as I can understand are in number 18 viz' 
i The Patent of New Plymouth 

2 The Patent of Massachusetts Baye: . 

3 The Patent of Agawam granted to Captaine John Mason 

4 A Patente granted to S'' tTerdinando Gorges 

5 A Patent of Lacouia granted to S'' fferdinaudo Gorges and 

Captaine Mason 

6 A Patent of Pascataquacke graunted to S'' fferdiuando 

Gorges and others 

7 A Patent granted Edward Hilton 

8 A Patent of Accamiuticus granted to Captaine Norton w'^ 

othe" 

9 A Patent granted to John Stratton about Cape Porpus 

Rive^ 
10: 11 Two Patents of Sohaketocke granted to Eichard Vynes 
& Thomas Lewis 

12 A Patent granted to Captaine Thomas Camock of black 

pointe 

13 A Patent granted to M^ Trelanye of Cape Elizabeth 

14 A Patent of Casico granted to Captaine Levitt 

15 A Patent of Pechipscote granted to Thomas Purchis and 

othe" 

16 A Patent granted to Richard Bradshaw of the Northeast 

side of Pechipscot Rive'' 

17 A Patent of Quinabecke belongings to them of New Plym- 

outh 

18 A Patent of Sagadehock granted to Crispe and othe" 

19 A Patent of Pemaquid granted to M': Aide' and M' Elbridge 

20 A Patent granted of Peuobscott to I\P Sherlie, and othe"' 
Off theis Patents [those] granted to S' fFerdinando Gorges, and 

Captaine John ^lason are included w'^'in the Patent last granted 
to the Inhabitants of the Massachusetts Bay 

Concerninge which matte' there hath been and still remainea 

'" This would seem to make the date of the paper 1635. 

" This p. riod is hard to reckon for the Diirpu-es of uscertaininz the date of the mana- 
script. The Dorchester Company established their plantation at Cape Ann in 1(;23 ( Palfrev, 
History of New England, i. 28-J), but Endicott did not arrive till 162->, and Winthioo two 
years later. Perhaps the author refers to the settlen.ent of Conant at Salem in the fall of 
162G, to which date if we add nine vi-ars we ihall have lC3o, near enough to 1C34 for all' 
practical purpoiCa of determining the date. 



ha; 



A:>. 



•:3t. 



72 Relation concerning JSTeio England. [Jan. 

some Controversie Sagaclehock was never planted.'^ That of 
Cassica. and that granted to John Stratton were at my comminge 
away forsaken 

The Patent of Peuobscott is largest of extent, it comprehendinge 
- (as is pretended) nere 40 leagues in length yett it is plauted but 
w"' one house. And is now possessed by the tlVench'' 
Extent of "piig Enrrlish iu their seuerall patents are planted along the sea 
coast and haue their habitations uere adioyning to Rive" navigable 
ffor sliippinge, or Barkes. the charge and difficultie of transportiuge 
provision by land, ftbr want of horses causes the Inland parts to 
bee yett unpeopled 

The Plautacons beginninge at y^ most Southerlie, w*^*" is new 
Plymouth and endinge at penobscott, containe iu length alouge 
the sea cost about 70 leagues and are peopled with more then 
30000 Persons whereof new Plimouth may containe well nere 
1800, the Massachusetts (more then 20000) the rest of the Patents 
beinge planted w'^ the residue 
Cattle. Att my Comeinge oner there was estimated to bee att the least 
1200 head of kyne belonging to the seuerall plantacous, And 
are now increased to : 5000:'* or there abouts, great store of swyne 
and goates and some horses 

The Inhabitants haue in all places convenient houses and good 
quantitie of cleered land ffbr Corue 
Difference The aboue mencoued Patents are not all of one kiude, for some 
"" are in the nature of Corporacons and haue power to make Lawes, 
fTor the governinge of their plantacons, others are but onely as- 
signm^ of soe much land to bee planted and possessed w^'^out 
power of governm'. 

Of the first sort are onely theis fibwer viz': 
i New Plymouth 

2 Massachusetts 

3 Pascatequack 

4 & Pemaquid 

GoTcnun*. The Civill goverum' of the Colonies remaine in the power of 
those who are Principall in the Patents of w"-'^ those w*"'' haue 
authoritie to establish lawes, doe execute their Jurisdiction (soe 
farr as I could understand) as neere as may bee accordinge to the 
lawes of England, And those who haue not that legall powe"" doe 
governe theire servants and Tenuants in a Civill way, soe farr as 
they are able 

Defects. The defects in theis plantations ffor the present, as I conceive, 
are onely theis 

" This does not refer to the Ponham Colony, but to the Plon?h colonists, who niider- 
took to settle on the south side of Sau^aJahoc, prolxihly altout Cape Small Point, .^ee ;in 
article by the amiotator on the " Plou2h Patent" in Maine Genealogical Recorder (ISSo), 
vol. 2. p. e^r, ei seq. 

" The Plymouth PiLTims had a trading post at Penobscot, and the " one hon^e " spo- 
ken of is probably the truck house of their tradin? station. The French captured this and 
seized that iiortion of Maine in h>Z'>, and as the writer states that it " is now possessed by 
the ffrench," the inference is that this paper could not have been written till that year. It 
would seem that the paper wa? not composed for some time after the author left the coun- 
try, and that he added ^uch sentences as the above from suliseipient information. This is 
the oiUy t!i'j()ry that will reconcile the variety of intr-rnal evidence as to its date. 

'* " And bincc augmented to tuOiJ or thereabouts," says No. LilOj. — >i. f. w. 



1886.] Relation concerning Xew England. 73 

i The luliabitants (except in the Massachusetts Bay) are too 
farr scattered one from an other a longe the coast, soe that they 
cannot uppou any occasion Reunite themselues to oppose an 

enemye ,, , r, 

2 There is fewe fforts" nor places of strength in all the Couutne 

3 There are but few of those, who haue Patents granted unco 
them that doe obserue the Lawes, and orde" of Plantation 
appointed unto them in their Patents and expressed in the grand 
Patent granted by his Ma'^'' to the President and Councell 

4 "When there happeaeth any question betweene the Plante" 
of seuerall Patents, those quarrells are seldome, or neuer ended 
because there is none in the countrie that hath authoritie to decide 
them ; every mans powe' beinge limitted, w"' his owue Patent 

5 There wants an uuiformytie in the Lawes and Customes of 
seuerall Patents and alsoe a generall unitie, in thinges that con- 
cerne the publique good of the Countrie 

As Coucerninge matte" of Religion, because my aboade was 
farre distant ffrom neighbo" and uoe professed SchoUer, I was 
therefore little acquain'ted w"' other mens dissagreeinge opinions, 
and my selfe and Colonie allwayes professinge the doctrine dis- 
cipline'of the Church of England I was not curious afte^ that of 
othe" w"^ then concerned me nott 

FFINIS 



Note by H. F. Waters.— The above is from MS. No. 3448 Sloane 
Collection, British Museum. It is in a little square volume of forty-four 
folios, of which the above takes up fifteen. The next (10 to 44) is in the 
same hand and is entitled " An abstract of the Lawes^of New=EngIand._" 
There are two other copies in the Sloane Collection, Nos. 2505 and 3105. 
The three copies are all in dilFerent handwritings, aU differing in some 
particulars, especially in numbers. I have made No. 3448 the basis, and 
have taken from the' others such items as seemed needed to make the result 
correct. 

William Read.— In the deposition of John Wiswall, Jr., in 1695 (Reg. sviii. TO), 
he states that William Read married his sister Hannah Munnings. 
There was a William Read in Boston who by wife Hannah had William, t)orn 

26 March, 1665. , , x t . it-. 

The inventory of William Read's estate was taken by James Johnson and inomas 
Dewer. Sent. 23, lf.rj7, to which John WiswaU. Junr., deposed Nov. 28th foh^win;? 
(file 476 Suffolk Probate Office). I should jud^ie this William Read was a snop- 
keeper, by the number of yards of blacke, gray, " whit,"' plaine and Irish '• trise, 
" linsie woolsie," &c.. mentioned. , , , ,r •• u 

It would eeera that Hannah Wiswall married first. Mahalaleel Munnings, who 
wa.s " drowned in y- Mill creek at Boston in y^ night 27 (12) 59 " (see Keg._ xxxvii. 
379) ; second, William Read, who, if he was the one whose inventory is a Dove 
mentioned, was dead in 1667 ; third, Thomas Overman, whom she married pre- 
vious to 27: 3: 1672, at which date the Boston Town Records have tiiis entry : 
" Liljertie is irranted to Thomas Ouerman who married with Elder U iswallsdaught' 
towharfe betbre theire owne land." Report of Record Commissioners, vn. <0; 
Reg. vii. 273, 27t, Letters from Old England, 1660; present volume, pace o!> ; Bay 
State xMonthly, Feb. Ib84, page 128. William B. Trask. 

>5 «' There is noe ffort nor place," etc., says No, 3105, " There wants yctt some store of 
fforts or places," etc., says No, 2505. — n. f. w. 

VOL. XL. 7* 



,0"t" .las'; 



rfl ^v. 



!>i3dT" .cofr. ./^i- 



1886.] 



Soldiers in King Philip's ^Var 



75 



SOLDIEKS IX KING PHILIP'S AVAE. 

Communicated by the Rev, George M. Bodge, A.M., of East Boston, Mass. 
[Continued from vol. xxxix. page 3S3.] 

No. XIIL 

The Narragansett Campaign to the close of the " GtwEat 

Swamp" Battle. 



irfLrr^^ 




i 



1 



I .iff 



\%-. 



^^ii-iitS^-i^^^^^^ii^'^^L^i 9*a^i 



The above picture, representing the present appearance of the site 
of the old ''Swamp Fort" of the Xarragansetts, destroyed by tlie 
forces of the United Colonies, Massachusetts, Connecticut and Ply- 
mouth, December 19th, 1C75, was published several years since in 
a book called ''Picturesque Ilhode Island." Saving the changes 
incident upon the clearing and cultivation of contiguous land, the 
place could be easily identified as tlie battlefield, even if its location 
were not put beyond C[uestion by traditions and also by relics found 
from time to time upon the place. It is now, as then, an ''island of 
four or five acres," surrounded by swampy land, overflowed except 
in the dryest part of the year. The isLand was cleared and plu'.vc-d 
about 1775, and at that time many bullets were found deeply bcd'led 
in the large trees ; quantities of charred corn wei'e pLiwed up in 
different places, and it is said that Dutch spoons and Indian arrow- 
heads, etc., have been found here at diflferent times. There is no 



76 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [Jan. 

monument to mark this site of one of the most brilliant victories in 
American warHire. The place is now owned by the Hon. J. G. 
Clarke, of West Kingston, K. I., to whom and to John G. Perry, 
Esq., of Wakefield, K. I., I am indebted for confirmation of the 
above facts. 

The accompanying mnp is a section — slightly reduced — of the 
large map of Rhode Island, made from surveys under the direction 
of H. F. Walling, Esq., and published by hiai in 18(j2. It takes 
in the line of march from Pettisquamscot (Towei--Hill) to the 
Fort. There is no ''scale of miles" upon the large map, but by a 
careful comparison of known distances, it appears that it is about 
seven miles in a bee line, nearly west, from Tower-Hill to the battle- 
field ; by way of McSparran Hill, in direct courses, about ten miles. 
The army, following the higlier land, with frequent halts and 
probably much uncertain wandering and careful scouting, consumed 
the time from five o'clock in the morning to about one o'clock P.^I. ; 
and it is likely that in this roundabout march they made about 
fifteen or sixteen miles, the distance reported. 

In the retreat, the Army probably followed back upon their morn- 
ing track as far as ^McSparran Hill, and thence to Wickford to their 
quarters at ^Ir. Pichard Smirh's ^°^ garrison-house, arriving there 
about two o'clock in the morning, after a march of about eighteen 
miles, as was reported at the time. 

The residence of Hon. J. G. Clarke, proprietor of the ancient 
battlefield, is about a mile north of it. Tower-Hill is the site of 
Jireh Bull's garrison-house at Pettisquamscot. 

Preparations and March against the Narragansetts. 

After their somewhat disastrous campaign of the autumn of 
1675 in the western parts of the colony of ^Massachusetts, the 
United Colonies, upon information that the hostile Indians v.ith 
Philip were retiring towards the south and to winter quarters 
amongst the Xarragansetts, determined to carry the war against this 
powerful tribe, who for some time had shown themselves actively 
hostile. The veteran troops were recalled and reorganized ; small 
towns in various parts of the colonies were garrisoned, and an army 
of one thousand men was equipped for a winter campaign. General 
Josiah Winslow, Governor of Plymouth Colony, was appointed 
commander-in-chief of this Army ; INIajor Samuel Appleton to com- 
mand the Massachusetts regiment. Major AVilliam Bradford that of 
Plymouth, and Major Robert Treat that of Connecticut. War was 
formally declared against the Xarragansetts on X'ovember 2d, 1675, 

"OS Mr. Smith, called Capt. and Major by contemporarr writers, was a person of wide in- 
flacnce in this part of the country, and held in higu e-reem in all the colonies. He w:u the 
son of Richard Smith, Senior, wjio came from " G!o-ter Shire " in Eoirland, and in 1641 
bought a large tract of land, includin:: the present tuwn of Wickfurd. an.l there built tlie 
hr.-t Li.gh.h hou-e in Narragauaett, aud set up a trading station and otfeied free eutcrtain- 
inent to all travellers. 



.?tt;-i- 



1886.] Soldiers in King PJiilip's War. 11 

in the meeting of the Commissioners of the United Colonies held at 
Boston that day. 

General "^Vi^slo^v, upon his appointment to the command of the 
army in this expedition, rode to Boston for consultation with Gov. 
Leverett and the Council. Thence on Thursday, Decemher tlie 
9th, he rode to Dcdham, having Benjamin Church as aid, and pro- 
bably the gentlemen who constituted the INlassachusetts part of his 
staff or "guard," consisting of the ministers, among whom was ^Ir. 
Joseph Dudley, the surgeons, of whom the chief was Daniel Weld, 
of Salem. I presume other general officers and aids went along 
with him, of whom Ave»find no mention. Commissary John Morse 
was probably of this number. The General assumed command 
of the ^lassachusetts forces drawn up on Dedham Plain, and for- 
mally delivered to him by ]\Iajor General Denison of Massachu- 
setts, on Thursday, December 9th. Tiiis force consisted of six com- 
panies of foot, numbering four hundred and sixty-five, besides Cap- 
tain Prentice's troop of seventy-five. The full quota of ^lassachu- 
setts was five hundred and twenty-seven soldiers, but there were 
doubtless many others along as servants to the officers, scouts, camp- 
followers, &c. To the soldiers a proclamation was made at this 
time on the part of the Massachusetts Council, " that if they played 
the man, took the Fort, & Drove the Enemy out of the Xarragan- 
sett Country, which was their great Seat, that they should have a 
gratuity in land besides their wages." On the same afternoon they 
marched twenty-seven miles to Woodcock's Garrison, now Attle- 
boro'. In the evening of Friday, December 10th, they arrived at 
Seekonk, where vessels with supplies were in waiting. And here 
also Major Richard Smith was waiting their arrival with his vessel, 
and took on board Capt. INIosely and his company, to sail direct to 
his garrison-house at Wickford. Some others, it is likely, went 
with them to arrange for quartering the troops, and Benjamin 
Church was sent to make ready for the General's coming. The rest 
of the forces " ferried over the water to Providence," and probably 
formed a junction with the main part of the Plymouth regiment at 
Providence, on Saturday, December 11th. From ]\Ir. Dudley's 
letter of the loth, it will be seen that an account had been sent the 
Council of their movements to the time of arriving at Pautuxet. 
This letter is now lost from the files. In the evening of Sunday, 
December 12th, the whole bod}^ advanced "from Mr. Carpenter's," 
crossed tlie Pautuxet River and marched a long way into " Pom- 
ham's Country," now Warwick, R. I. ; but from the unskilfulness 
of their Warwick scouts (probal)ly Englishmen, for if they had 
been Indians their failure would have been deemed treachery), their 
purpose of capturing Pomham and his people was defeated, and 
after a whole night spent in weary marching about, they arrived 
at ]Mr. Smith's, garrison-house at Wickford on the 13th, and fuand 
their vessels from Seekonk already arrived. Capt. Mosely's com- 



.. .•- 'v,{T 



i> ./rni! 



78 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [Jan. 

pany tliat day captured thirty-six Indians, including Indian Peter, 
v.'ho proved afterwards such an indispensable guide. 

There were many doubtless at Smith's garrison, employed by him 
and gathered thither for security. Church speaks of finding " the 
Eldridges and some other brisk hands," and going out and taking 
eighteen Indians, and finding the General arrived on his return to 
the garrison next morning before sunrise. This would seem from 
his story to have been on the morning of the 12th ; but the other 
accounts and his own reference to the General's arrival settle the 
day as the 13th and the time as before daybreak. This exploit of 
Mr. Church seems to have been unknown to Messrs. Dudley, 
Oliver and other contemporary writers. On Monday, loth, no 
movement was made, but on the 14th the General moved his whole 
force, except Capt. Oliver's comjmny, which kept garrison, out 
tLrough the country to the westward, and burned the town of the 
Sachem "Ahmus," of whom I can find no mention except this of 
Mr. Dudley's, and the "Quarters" of Quaiapen, Magnus, or Ma- 
tantuck, as her Indian name was understood by the English, "Old 
Queen " or " Sunke Squaw," as she was called by them. She was 
the widow of Mriksah, or Makanno, son of Canonicus first. Her 
dominions were in the present towns of South and Xorth Kingston 
and Exeter, and near the line between the latter, upon a high rocky 
hill, is still to be found the remains of an old Indian fort, known from 
earliest times as the " Queen's Fort," and probably near the place 
where her deserted "Quarters" were raided. The army that day des- 
troyed one hundred and fifty wigwams, killed seven and captured nine 
Indians. In the mean time Capt. Oliver had sent out " five files," 
i.e. thirty of his men, under Sergeant (Peter) Bennet, who, scout- 
ing abroad, killed two Indians, a man and woman, and captured 
four more. 

Mr. Dudley, writing on the next day, Wednesday, December 
15th, states that up to that time they had captured or killed, in all, 
fifty persons, and their prisoners in hand were forty. Capt. Oli- 
ver's account makes the number fifty-seven "young and old." Add- 
ing Mr. Church's eighteen, and we swell the number to seventy- 
five. From a careful survey of the matter in all its relations, I 
am inclined to think that Church was acting in conjunction with, 
and under the command of Capt. ^Nlosely, to whom the official re- 
turns accredit the capture of the whole body, eighteen of whom 
Church claims to have been his own captives. 

Wednesday, Dec. loth, the army seems to have been held in 
parley most of the day by the pretended negotiations of " Stone- 
wall," or "Stone-layer" John, an Indian who had lived much with 
the English, and had learned the trade of stone-mason,, but was now 
hostile, and very serviceable to the Indians in many ways. "Whether 
he was treacherous or not, the Indians v.'ere gatliering and skulking 
about the English quarters while he was negotiating, and when he 









,!■;. ;. I ■ .M 



1886.] Soldiers in King Philip s War, 79 

was safely awav tlicy began to pick off our men wherever they found 
opportunity, and hitcr lay in ambush behind a stone wall and fired 
upon several companies of the English sent out to bring in Maj. 
Appleton's company, quartered some miles away. They were 
quickly repulsed with the loss of one of theu* leaders, and seem to 
have gone towards the general rendezvous at the great fort, and on 
the way they assaulted and burned the garrison of Jireh, or " Jerry " 
Bull at Pettisquamscot (Tower Ilill, S. Kingston, K. I.), killing 
fifteen of those at the garrison, two only escaping. 

Thursday, December IGth, Capt. Prentice with his troop rode 
out, probably following the trail to Pettisquamscot, where he found 
the garrison-house in ruins. This is said to have been a very strong 
stone house, easily defended by a small number, and its destruction, 
of which there is no detailed account, must have been accomplished 
by either surprise or treachery.. The news had a very depressing 
effect upon the army, who had hoped that the Connecticut forces 
had already aiTived there. 

Friday, December 17th, came the news of the arrival of the Con- 
necticut regiment at Pettisquamscot. Our army seems to have been 
disposing of the captives and preparing for the march. Forty-seven 
of the captives were sold to Capt. Davenport on this day, Saturday, 
Dec. 18th. The General, leaving a small garrison at Wickford, 
pushed his army forward to Pettisquamscot, and about 5 P.^I. 
joined the Connecticut troops consisting of about three hundred 
English and one hundred and fifty Mohegan Indians. In a severe 
snow-storm, the whole force, about one thousand men, encamped in 
the open field through that bitter cold night. Sunday, Dec. 19th, 
before day-break (Capt. Oliver says, '"at five o'clock"), the whole 
force marched away towards the enemy's great rendezvous. 

The following, gleaned from all available sources, may be of in- 
terest at this point. 

Roster of the Officeus of the Army of the Uxited Colonies, 

As organized for the Narragansett Campaign, and as mustered at 

Pettisquamscot, December 19, 1G75. 

Gen. JosiAU Wixslow, Governor of Plymouth Colony, Com. in Chief. 
( Daniel Weld, of Salem. Chief Surgeon. 
Staff. -I .Joseph Dudley, of Boston, Chaplain. 

( Benjamin Church, of Little Compton, K. I., Aid. 

Massachusetts Regiment. 
Samuel Appleton, of Ipswich, Major, and Captain of 1st Company. 
i Richard Knott, of Marbluhead, Surgeon. 
Staff. -j Samuel Nowell, of Boston, Chaplain. 
( .John Morse, of Ipswich, Commissary. 
1st Company — Jeremiah Sv/ain, Lieut.; Ezekiel Woodward, Sergeant. 
2d Company — Samuel Mosely, Captain; Perez Savage, Lieut. 
3d Company — James Oliver, Captain; Ephraim Turner, Lieut.; Peter 
Bennett, Sergeant. 



-ai "io Ori Vr.fil ^>iOOtiU.;f 



•hi A ,.■ 



F v*"^ , iw>J ■-' 



80 Soldiei's in King PJiilip's War. [Jan. 

4th Company — Isaac Johuson, Captain; Pliineas Upham, Lieut.; Henry 

Bowen, En?ign. 
5th Company — IS'alhaniel Davenport, Captain ; Ed^vard Tyng, Lieut. ; John 

Driiry, Ensign. 
6th Company — Joseph Gardiner, Captain ; "William Hathorne. Lieut. ; 

Benjamin Su'eet, Ensign, prom. Lieut. ; Jeremiah Neal, Sergeant, 

prom. Ensign. 
Troop. — Thomas Prentice, Captain ; John Wayman, Lieut. 

Plymouth Regiment. 
William Bradford, of Marshtield. 3Iajor, and Captain of 1st Company. 
Q. rp j Matthew Fuller, of Barnstable, Surgeon. 
•^ ' I Thomas Huckins, of Barnstable, Commissary. 
1st Company — Robert Barker, of Duxbury, Lieut. 

2d Company — John Gorbam, of Barnstable, Captain ; Jonathan Sparrow, 
of Eastham, Lieut.; William Wetherell, Sergeant. 

Connecticut Regiment. 
Robert Treat, of INIilford. ^lajor. 

JGershom Bulkeley, Surgeon. '°^ 
~.-^. Rev. Nicholas Xoyes, Chaplain. 
(^ Stephen Barrett, Commissary. 
1st Company — John Gallop, of Stonington, Captain. 
2d Company — Samuel ^larshall, Windsor, Captain. 
3d Company — I^athaniel Seely, of Stratford, Captain. 
4th Company — Tliomas Watts, of Hartford. Captain. 
5th Company — John Mason, of Norwich, Captain.'"^ 

There were other officers and men of note doubtless avIio went 
along; with the army. Two surgeons, Dr. Jacob AVillard (of Xewton) 
and Dr. John Cutler of Hiugham were credited under ^Major Ap- 
pleton for their service, and were accredited grantees of the Xarrai^'-an- 
sett townships in 1733, as was also Dr. John Clark of Boston. I 
have no positive authority for assigning Dr. Knott to ]\Lajor Apple- 
ton's staff, but the first purcliase of surgical instruments on the part 
of tlie Colony was made of George Thomas, charged December 17, 
1G75, and were for Dr. Weld and Dr. Knott. I think that Dr. 
AVilliara Hawkins was afterwards sent to the wounded at Ehode 
Island. The roster of line officers of the ^Massachusetts Regi- 
ment is well attested by the accounts of the Treasurer. Of tlie 
Plymouth officers, Lieut. Robert Barker was in the spring following:, 
March 10th, imprisoned and fined by the sentence of a council of 
war, for mutinous conduct in " breaking away from the army while 
on the march," but it is evident that this was after tlie battle at wliich 
he must have been present, as his heirs evidently received his claim. 
His defection probably occurred during '"The Long March" or 
"Hungry March" so called, through the Xipmuck country to Marl- 

'°' A minister, but now acting as Surgeon. 

'"' From some intim:ui'):is it wouM -L-em that CMptaIn Mason v.-as in command of a sixth 
company coiniw^cd of Imlians, hut I Ii;ive found no po-inve proof. Ar-onti.fni[»'rary '.vririr 
says Captain Gallop "commanded Unca-'s men." Perhaps eacli of these liad a parry in 
his comuid.ud. 



188G.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 81 

borough. Of Connecticut, I liave not been able to identify any 
other line officers. Of the troops of ^Massachusetts, the quota was 
527 ; the number actually impressed was 54:0, including troopers 
75. The returns made at^Dedham Plain give 465 foot, troopers 73. 
See ante, vol. xxxviii. p. 440. The Connecticut quota was 315, 
and there was also a company of Indians 150. Plymouth's quota 
was 158. 

The Battle at the Great Swamp Fort. 

About one o'clock, P.]M., the army came upon the enemy at the 
edge of the swamp, in the midst of which the Indian fortress was 
built, the ^Massachusetts regiment leading in the marcli, Plymouth 
next, and Connecticut bringing up the rear. Of the ^Massachusetts 
troops Capts. Mosely and Davenport led the van and came first 
upon the Indians, and immediately opened fire upon them — thus at 
the beginning gaining the important advantage of the first fire, 
which tiie Indians had almost always gained and made so deadly by 
deliberate volleys from ambusli, as they doubtless purposed now. 
The Indians returned the fire with an inetfectual volley, and then 
fled into the swamp closely pursued by the foremost companies, who 
did not wait for the word of command, or stand much upon the 
" order of their going," until they reached the foriifieations within 
which the Indians hastily betook themselves. This fort was situated 
upon an island of some five or six acres in the midst of a cedar 
swamp, which was impassable except to the Indians by their accus- 
tomed paths, and now made passable only by the severe cold of the 
previous day and nigiit. It is probable that the Indians depended 
chiefly upon the swamp to protect them, thougii their defences are 
descril)e(l as having been of considerable strength. A portion of 
the high ground had been inclosed, and from a careful comparison of 
the most reliable accounts, it seems that the fortifications were well 
planned, probably by the Englishman Joshua TelTe, or Tift, as Mr. 
Dudley calls him. ^Ir. Hubbard says: "The Fort was raised 
upon a Kind of Island of five or six acres of rising Land in the 
midst of a swamp ; the sides of it were made of Palisadoes set up- 
right, tlie which was compassed about with a Iledg of almost a rod 
Thickness." A contemporary writer (whose account was published 
at the time in London, and is reprinted in ]Mr. Drake's publication 
called the ''Old Indian Chronicle") says: "In the midst of the 
Swamp \wis a Piece of firm Land, of about three or four Acres, 
whereon the Indiana had built a kind of Fort, being palisadued 
roimd, and within that a clay AVall, as also felled down abundance 
of Trees to lay quite round the said Fort, but they had not quite 
finished the said Work." It is evident from these, the only detailed 
accounts, and from some casual references, that the works were rude 
and incon)[)lete, but would have been almost imprcc'nable io our 
troops had not the swamp been frozen. At the corners and ex- 

VOL. XL. 8 



£2 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [Jan. 

posed portions, rude block-houses and flankers had been built, from 
which a raking fire couKl be poured upon any attacking force. 
Either by chance, or the skill of Peter, their Indian guide, the Eng- 
lish seem to have come upon a j)oiut of the fort where the Indians 
. did not expect them. ]Mr. Church, in relating the circumstances of 
Capt. Gardiner's death, says that he was shot from that side "next 
the upland where the English entered the swamp." The place where 
he fell was at the "east end of the fort." Tlie tradition that the 
English approached the swamp by the rising land in front of the 
•" Judge ]Nlarchant " house, thus seems confirmed. This "upland" 
lies about north of the battlefield. 

Our van pursued those of the enemy who first met them 
80 closely that they were led straight to the entrance used by 
the Indians themselves, perhaps by their design then to attract 
attention from an exposed part of their works a short distance 
away. The passage left by the Indians for their own use, as before 
mentioned, was by a long tree over a " place of water," across 
which but one might pass at a time, "and which was so wavlaid 
that they would have been cut off that had ventured." Mr. Hub- 
bard counts among the fortunate circumstances of that day that 
the troops did not attempt to carry this point, and that they 
discovered the only assailable point a little farther on. This 
was at a corner of the fort where was a large unfinished aap, 
where neither palisades nor the abbatis, or " hedge," had been 
placed, but only a long tree had been laid across about five feet from 
the ground, to fill the gap, and might be easily passed ; only tliat 
the block-house right opposite this gap and tlie flankers at the sides 
were finished, from which a galling fire might sweep and enfilade 
the passage. Mr. Hubbard's account is very clear about this, yet 
several writers have sadly confused matters and described the first 
as the point of assault. 

It seems that tlie companies of Capts. Davenport and Johnson 
came first'" to this place, and at once charged through the gap and 
over the log at the head of their companies, but Johnson fell dead 
at the log, and Davenport a little within the fort, and their men 
were met with so fierce a fire that they were forced to retire ao'ain 
and fall upon their faces to avoid the fury of the musketry till it 
should somewhat abate. Mosely and Gardiner, pressing to their 
assistance, met a similar reception, losing heavily, till they too fell 
back with the others, until Major Appleton coming up with his own 
and Capt. Oliver's men, massed his entire force as a storming col- 
umn, and it is said that the shout of one of the commanders that the 
Indians were running, so inspired the soldiers that they made an 
impetuous assault, carried the entrance amain, beat the enemy from 
one of his flankers at the left, which afforded them a temporary shel- 

'^ John Raymond claimed to have brrcn the first soldier to enter the fort. The onlj 
soldier of that name credited was John Ilajment, under Major Appleton. 



llVi 3.1J 



r 

J; J. 






1886.] /Soldiej's in King PhiJijys ^Var. 83 

ter from the Indians still holding the block-house opposite the en- 
trance. In the mean time, the General, holding the Plymouth 
forces in reserve, pushed forward the Connecticut troops, "svho not 
being aware of the extent of tlie danger from the block-house, suf- 
fered fearfully at their first entrance, but charged forward gallantly, 
though some of their brave ofHcers and many of their comrades lay 
dead behind them, and unknown numbers and dangers before. The 
forces now joining, beat the enemy step by step, and with fierce 
fighting, out of their block-houses and various fortifications.'"^ ]Many 
of the Indians, driven from their works, fled outside, some doubtless 
to the wigwams inside, of which there were said to be upward of 
five hundred, many of them large and rendered bullet-proof by large 
quantities of grain in tubs and bags, placed along the sides. In 
these many of their old people and their women and children had 
gathered for safety, and behind and within these as defences the 
Indians still kept up a skulking fight, picking off our men. After 
three hours hard fighting, with many of the officers and men wound- 
ed or dead, a treacherous enemy of unknown numbers and resources 
lurking in the surrounding forests, and the night coming on, word 
comes to fire the wigwams, and the battle becomes a fearful holo- 
caust, great numbers of those who had taken refuire therein beins: 
burned. 

The fight had now raged for nearly three hours with dreadful car- 
nage in proportion to the numbers engaged. It is not certain at 
just what point the Plymouth forces were pushed forward, but most 
likely after the works were carried, and the foremost, exhausted, re- 
tired for a time bearing their dead and wounded to the rear ; but we 
are assured that all took part in the engagement, coming on in turn 
as needed. It is doubtful if the cavalry crossed the swamp, but 
were rather held in reserve and as scouts to cover the rear and pre- 
vent surprises from any outside parties. 

When now the fortress and all its contents were burning, and de- 
struction assured, our soldiers hastily gathered their wounded and 
as many as possible of their dead, and formed their shattered column 
for the long and weary march back to Wickford. 

Reliable details of tins battle are ^qw, and only gleaned from cas- 
ual references here and there, and thus many, who have sought to 
write upon the matter, have quoted in full the story of Benjamin 
Church, who relates his own experience, and draws out his personal 

"" Mr. Dudley's accour.t seems to indicate that at this point the Indians rallied and beat 
the English again out of the f<jrt ; l.iu after careful weighing of th ; evidence, I am satis- 
fied that in the matter of the battle it-elf, Mr. Hubbard's account, irathcred from the offi- 
cers of Massachusetts, espLM-ially Major Appleton, is most correct in details. Mr. Dudley 
remained outside the >;\vamp n-ith tlie G-neral, Kk staff and resurve force, and the re- 
pulse, at the tirst onset, would naturally be magnified by those who were forced to await 
the issue without participation. The aliove account is cntirclv consistent. Again, when 
the baud of volunteers headed by Church was sent forward bV the General, the fort was 
already in full po--os<ion of our army, and when thev pa--cd the entrance manv of the 
slain and several of our captains were lying where tlley fell. If there had tiiea a retreat 
from the fort, these dead ollicers would liave been removed. 



84 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [Jan. 

reminiscences with all an old man's fondness for his deeds of " long 
aco." The very small part he took in this battle is evident even 
from his own story, and from the utter silence of other writers, es- 
pecially ^Ir. Hubbard, who knew Church and commends him highly 
for his exploits in the Mount Hope campaign. No one can doubt 
the ability or courage of ^h\ Church, but his part in this battle was 
simply that when the fort was carried and the fighting neaily over, 
he went, with some thirty others, into and through the fort and out 
into the swamp upon the trail of the retreating foe, discuvered, 
ambushed and scattered a skulking party of them returning to the 
attack, chased a ie\Y of them into the fort amongst the huts, and 
was himself severely wounded by them thus brought to bay. 

I wish here to record my protest against tlie unjust, often weak, 
and always inconsiderate, criticism bestowed upon our leaders in 
this campaign, and especially in this battle, for their lack of fore- 
eight in abandoning the shelter and provisions of the fort, thc-ir sac- 
rifice of the lives of our wounded men through their removal and the 
dano-ers and fatigues of the long march, and their inhumanity in 
burning the helpless and innocent in their huts and wigwams. 

It is well to remember at the start, that many of the wisest, ablest 
and bravest men of the three colonies were the leaders in this affair. 
A noble commander, wise and brave, reverend ministers, by no 
means backward with their opinions ; the most pronainent and skilful 
surgeons the country afforded ; veteran majors and ca[)tains of ^las- 
sachusetts and Connecticut, with their veteran soldiers fresh from 
the severe experiences in the western campaign, inured to danger 
and experienced in Indian wiles and deceits : against all tliese we 
have recorded only the remonstrance of Mr. Church, who up to 
that time, at least, had experience in Indian warfare only as a scout, 
and the record we have of any protest by him was made many years 
after the affair. And again, from the standpoint of their conditions 
as nearly as we can now judge, it seems that their hasty retreat was 
wise. They were some sixteen miles from their base of supplies 
(it is doubtful if they had noted the Indian supplies until the burn- 
ino- began). There was no way of reaching their provisions and am- 
munition at Wickford except by detaching a portion of their force 
now reduced greatly by death, wounds and exposure. The numbers 
of Indians that had escaped, and were still in the woods close at 
hand, were unknown, but supposed to be several thousand, with 
report of a thousand in reserve about a mile distant. These were 
now scattered and demoralized, but in a few hours might rally and 
fall upon the fort, put our troops, in their weakened condition, upon 
the defensive, and make their retreat from the swamp extremely diffi- 
cult if not utterly impossible, encumbered as they would be by the 
wounded, whose swollen and stiffened wounds in a few hours would 
render removal doubly painful and dangerous. Added to this 
was the chance of an attack upon the garrison at Wickford, and the 



1886.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 85 

dread of the midniiiht am})uscade, which every hour's delay made 
more likely and would render more dangerous. Thus it seems to 
me that from the stand[)oint of military strategy, the immediate re- 
treat to AVickford was best. As to inhumanity, we must remember 
the harsh times in wliicli they were living, the contempt in which 
the Indians were held — first, as heathen," against whom war was 
righteous ; second, as idle and treacherous" vagabonds, with no 
rights whicli honest industry was bound to respect; third, as deadly 
enemies, lying in wait to plunder, burn and destroy. Moreover, 
the very life of the colonies was threatened by this war ; many 
thriving hamlets were already in ashes : hundreds of families were 
broken up and scattered up and down, with loss of all ; fathers, hus- 
bands and brothers slain or in captivity, farms and homes laid waste, 
whole communities huddled in wretched block-houses, while the 
"reign of terror" swept about them. Brookfield, " Beers's Plain," 
and " Bloody-Brook," with their outrage and carnage, were fresh 
in mind, and a few days before, the destruction and massacre at Pet- 
tisquamscot; while even here at their feet, were their dead and 
dying comrades and beloved officers. Is it strange that they were 
cruel, when now for the first time they came "face to face with 
the authors of all their troubles in a fair fight ? By any candid stu- 
dent of history I believe this must be classed as one of the most 
glorious victories ever achieved in our history, and considering con- 
ditions, as displaying heroism, both in stubborn patience and'dash- 
ing intrepidity, never excelled in American warfare. 

Of the details of the march to Wickford very little is known ; 
through a bitter cold winter's night, in a blinding snowstorm, car- 
rying two hundred and ten of their wounded and dead, these 
soldiers, who had marched from dawn till liigh noon, had engaged 
in a desperate life-and-death struggle from "^noon till sunset,"^ now 
plodded sturdily back to their qua'rters of the day before, through 
deepening snows and over unbroken roads."' By the letters b'e- 
low, it will be seen that the General and staff, with their escort, 
got separated from the main column, lost their way and wandered 
about till 7 o'clock next morning, while the main body reached their 
quarters at 2 o'clock. 

Dead and "Wounded. 

The names of those officers and soldiers of Massachusetts killed 
and wounded in this battle, have been given heretofore in the 
sketches of the companies to which they belonged. 

By Capt. Oliver's letter, written a little more than a month after- 
wards from the seat of war, and considered official, we learn that up 
to that time the dead numbered about sixty-eight, and the wounded 

•''There is a tradition (mcntionea in a note in Hon. Elisha R. Potter, Jr.'s " Earlv Hinory 
Of Isarraginsett j that the En,-li-h feared an ambuscade in force on the line of march br 
which they had come, and so marched by way of McSparran Hill oa their return. 
YOL. XL. 8* 



8& Soldier's ill King Philip's War. [Jan. 

one hundred and fifty, in the whole army. Eight of the dead were 
left in the fort, and twelve more were dead when they started back 
to AVickford. Twenty-two died on the march, and before the next 
day, ^Monday, Dec. 20t]i, when they buried thirty-four in one grave, 
and six more within two days, eight died at Ehode Island, and three 
others, making in all but fifty-nine, if we reckon the twelve carried 
from the fort as a part of the thirty-four buried Dec. 20th ; other- 
wise, seventy-one. But the first estimate of sixty-eight is satisfied 
if we add the twenty killed at the fort to those buried at AVickford 
and Rhode Island, and conclude that the twelve taken from the fort 
were buried somewhere on the march. "^ 

Of the losses of Massachusetts we are not left in doubt, since 
there is still preserved in our archives a full and official return, 
which Mr. Hubbard gives substantially, adding to the wounded pro- 
bably those whose wounds were slight and not reported at the time, 
and with some modifications of the list of dead, though with the 
same total. 

The official list of those killed and wounded in the battle, includ- 
ing three of Capt. Gardiner's men killed previous to the battle, is 
dated January 6, 1675, and entitled, 

A list of Major Sam' Apleton soukljers y' were slayne & wounded the 
19 "^ Decemb. '75, at the Indians fort at Narra^anset. 

Major Appleton, 

Capt. Mosely, 

Capt. OHver, 
In the Company of \ Capt. Davenport, 

Capt. Johnson, 

Capt. Gardiner, 

Capt. Prentice, 

Mass. Archives, Vol. 68, p. 104. — — 

31 67 

Of the officers, Capts. Davenport, Johnson and Gardiner were 
killed, and Lieutenants Upham, Savage, Swain, and Tino- were 
wounded."' 

Of the Connecticut troops, seventy-one were killed and wounded 
according to Hubbard ; and according to the eminent historian of 
Connecticut, Dr. Benjamin Trumbull, seventy. 

Mr. Hubbard's Account. 
Of New Haven Company, 20 

Of Capt. Siely his Company, 20 

Of Capt. "Watt his Company, 17 

-70 Of Capt. Marshal his Company, 14 — 71 

"* Ninigret, sachem of the Nianticks, sent to General Winslow word that his people had 
buried the dead of the English left at the Fort, and that the number was twentv-four, and 
he asked for a charge of powder for each. This iuformatiou was given in a letter from 
Major Bradford to Rev. Mr. Cotton of Plymouth. 

^"■' The random estimates of Henry Trumtull, who published a popular Historv of Indian 
Wars in 1810, will appear ulisurd when compared with the above. For instance, L'j fc'ives as 
killed and wounded of Connecticut 357, when their whole force waa 300 Engliah; and of 
their Indian allies, he kills 51 and wounds 82 of the 150. 



illed. 


Wounded 


4 


18 


6 


9 


5 


8 


4 


11 


4 


8 


7 


10 


1 


3 



Capt. Gallop, 


10 


Capt. Marshall, 


14 


Capt. Seely, 


20 


Capt. Mason, 


9 


Capt. "Watts, 


17- 



lU 



[>?'iu::. 


7/ 


.'.."l.VA 


Fi 




ir 


i' 




■J 


8 






8 




I' 


01 




'\ 


{; 




I 



I- I 



18 



.^.-r. 



hnuoff bnu b'M'i'.l f>-"*" 



;i ' /: I.- : Oli}/ 



1886.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 87 

Major Treat by tnulition is said to have been tlie last man to have 
left the fort, commanding' the rear guard of the army ; and of his 
captains, Gallop, ^larshall and Seely were killed, and Capt. ^lason 
mortally wounded. 

Of the Plymouth forces, Major Bradford, commander, and Benja- 
min Church of the General's staff were severely wounded, and of 
the soldiers the killed and wounded in both companies were twenty, 
by best accounts. 

The grave of the forty buried at Wickford was marked by a tree 
called the "grave appletree,*' which was blown down in the gale of 
September, 1815. The wounded were sent in vessels to Khode 
Island, and well cared for. 

Of the losses of the enemy there can be no reliable account. 
Capt. Oliver says, " By the best intelligence we killed 300 fighting 
men, and took say 350 and above 300 women and children." iNIr. 
Dudley, two days after the fight, reckons about two hundred; Capt. 
Mosely counted sixty-four in one corner of the fort ; and Capt. 
Gorham made an estimate of at least one hundred and fifty. The 
desperate strait of the Indians is shown by their leaving the dead in 
their flight. Indian prisoners afterward reported seven hundred 
killed. 

The conduct of the Mohegan and Pequod allies is represented by 
Capt. Oliver as false, they firing in the air, but securing much 
plunder. I have found no other notice of their part in the battle. 

Correspondence. 
The following letters, written by Joseph Dudley, who was with 
Gen. Winslow as one of his staff or "Guard," and also served aa 
chaplain to the army, are perhaps the most reliable official reports 
of the campaign that remain. The letter of the fifteenth is still pre- 
served, as noted below. ^ That of the twenty-first was published by 
Governor Hutchinson in his " History of the Colony of Massachu- 
setts Bay," London edition (1765), page 302. I have not been 
able to find the original of this last. The letter of the Council to 
Gen. Winslow, in answer to Dudley's first, is preserved as below 
noted, and in two copies — the first a rough draft, the second a care- 
fully written copy in Secretary Rawson's own hand. 

Letter of Joseph Dudley. 
May it please your Honn' Mr Smiths 15, 10, 75 

I am commanded by the Generall to give your Honu'^ account of our 
proceeding since our hist fr"' Pautuxet in the Sabath evening we ad\-anc- 
ed the whole body from Mr Carpenters with Intent to surprise Pomham 
«Ss his Party at about 10 or 12 Miles Distance having information by our 
Warwick Scouts of his seat but the darkness of y^ Night Difricuky of our 
passage & unskilfulness of Pilots we passed the whole Night & found our- 
selves at such Distance yet from y^y' we Diverted & Marched to 3Ir Smiths, 
found our Shjops from Seaconk arrived since which by y'^ help of In liau 
Peter by whom your lionuor had the Information formerly ofy" Number & 



t.ifJiijtjrjji il-VSc B cin: 

y-.i '.Ttn'Vt-sfV'-i 



(.: 'r-Mw;..'.) 



.^\\>iiVi A' 



;.ic, 1 ; 



88 Soldiers in Kinrj Philip's }Vav. [Jan. 

resolution of y^ Naragan^ets. vre liave burned two of tlieir Towns viz : Alimus 
■who is this summer come down amongst them & j^ old Queens quarter? con- 
slatiUj^ of about 150 ;jrany of them larire wigwams & seized & shiyri .30 Per- 
sons in all our prisoners being about 40 Concerning whom the geuerall prayes 
your advice concerning their transportation or Disposall all which wa- per- 
formed without any loss save a slight wound by an Arrow in Lieut. AVay- 
man's face, the whole body of them we find removed into their great 
swamp at Canonicus his quarters where we hope with the addition of Con- 
necticut, when arrived we hope to Coop them up, this day we Intend the 
removall or spoyle of y'' Corn & hope to Morrow a ^March toward them, 
our soldiers being very chearful are forward notwithstanding great Ditficul- 
ty by weathei* & otherwise, abovs*^ Peter whom we have found verv faith- 
full will Make us believe y' y'' are 3000 fighting Men though Many un- 
armed IMany well fitted with lances we hope by cutting off their forage to 
force them to a fiiyr battle In y"" Mean time I have only to present the 
Generalls humble service to your {sic) «fc to beg your Intense prayers 
for this so great Concern and remayn your 

Honnors Humble Servant Jos: Dudley. 

Goodale""* nor jNIoor arrived we fear want of shot. 

My humble service to 3Iadam Leveret Brother and Sister Hubbard & 
Dudley. 

Amongst our Prison" & slayne we find 10 or 12 Wampanoags. 
[Mass. Archives, Vol. GS, p. 101.] 



Answer of the Council to Gen. Winsloio. 

S' y"" Intelligences and Advices subjected by Mr Dudley the 15 & 16 
Ins* wee received this INIorning being the 18'*' at eight of the clock. Wee 
desire to blesse God y' hee hath smiled upon you in y'' first Attempts oc hath 
delivered some of o'' enemys into yo'' hands & also to Acknowledge Gods 
favou'' in the supporting y*^ hearts of yo'^ souldiers in such a severe season & 
keeping up their spirits w'-*^ courage and that you have received no more 
losse of men: But yet also according to God's wonted manner of dealing 
hee hath mixed the Cup w'^^ some bitternes; in the losse susteyned in yo'' 
soldiers especially Mr Bulls house &. y^ people y''''also y' the forces of Con- 
ecticut are not joyned w"" you nor the vessell w'^ supplys of Ammunition & 
provision then arrived; Wee hope by this time both the vessell may be arriv- 
ed & the Conecticut men. conjoined w'^ you but least that should faile wee 
have sent a cart w'*^ Ammunition ; and an order from Gou"'' Winthrop for their 
forces to March speedily; Concerning the disposall of y*^ Indian prisoners; 
Our Advice is if any present to buy them, they may be sould there & de- 
livered by your Orders or if that cannot bee then to secure them at the 
Island or els-where at yo'^ best discretion ; AVee have no more to add at 
present but our hearty prayers unto the Lord of Hoasts to appear w'^ & 
for you & all w"" you, in all yo' enterprises, for the Lord & bis people and 
cover all yo'' heads in the day of Battle, So w"^ our particular respects & 
love to y'self & all y* Command''' & Ministers; wee remajne 

Yo"' respective friends &; servants 
Boston 18: December 1G75 Edwakd Raavsox Secret^ in the name 

at one of the clock. & by y' order of the Council. 

[Mass. Archives, Vol. C8, p. 102.] 

•** Richard Goodale and Thomas Moore, (Sec Maritime Department, p. 93.) 



.Tri.urjU fc'.>ii 



JJ:JI 






'j .iflam-Mui.-jOf 



1886.] Soldiers in Ring Philips War. 89 

Second Letter of Joseph Bitdlei/.^^'' 

Mr Smith's, 21, 10, 1075 (Dec. 21, 1C75). 
May it please your honour, 

The coming in of Connecticut force to Petaquamscot, and surprisal of 
sis and skiughter of 5 on Friday night, Saturday u-e marched towards Pet- 
aquamscot, though in the snow, and in conjunction about midnight or 
later, we advanced; Capt. Mosely led the van, after him Massachusets, 
and Plimouth and Connecticut in the rear; a tedious march in the snow, 
without intermission, brought us about two of the clock afternoon, to the 
entrance of the swamp, by the help of Indian Peter, who dealt faithfully 
with us ; our men, with great courage, entered the swamp about 20 rods; 
within the cedar swamp we found some hundreds of wngwams, forted in 
with a brea^^twork and flankered. and many small blockhouses up and 
down, round about; they entertained us with a fierce fight, and many thou- 
sand shot, for about an hour, when our men valiantly scaled the fort, beat 
them thence, and from the blockhouses. In which 'action we lost Capt. 
Johnson, Capt Danforth, and Capt Gardiner, and their lieutenants disa- 
bled, Capt. Marshall also slain; Capt. Seely, Capt. 3Iason, disabled, and 
many other of our officers, insomuch that, by a fresh assault and recruit of 
powder from their store, the Indians fell on again, recarried and beat us 
out of, the fort, but by the great resolution and courage of the General and 
Major, we reinforced, and very hardly entered the fort again, and tired the 
wigwams, with many living and dead persons in them, great piles of meat 
and heaps of corn, the ground not admitting burial of their store, were con- 
sumed ; the number of their dead, we generally suppose the enemy lost at 
least two hundred men; Capt. Mosely counted in one corner of 'the fort 
sixty four men ; Capt. Goram reckoned 150 at least; But, 0! Sir, mine 
heart bleeds to give your honor an account of our lost men, but especially 
our resolute Captains, as by account inclosed, and yet not so many, but we 
admire there remamed any to return, a captive woman, well known to Mr 
Smith, informing that there were three thousand five hundred men engag- 
ing us and about a mile distant a thousand in reserve, to whom if Godliad 
so pleased, we had been but a morsel, after so much disablement: she in- 
formeth, that one of their sagamores was slain and their powder spent, 
causing their retreat, and that they are in a distressed condition for food 
and houses, that one Joshua Tift, an Englishman, is their encourager and 
conductor. Philip was seen by one, credibly informing us, under a strong- 
guard. 

After our wounds were dressed, we drew up for a march, not able to 
abide the field in the storm, and weary, about two of the clock, obtained 
our quarters, with our dead and wounded, only the General, Ministers, and 
some other persons of the guard, going to head a small swamp, lost our 
way, and returned again to tbe evening'3 quarters, a wonder we were not 
a prey to them, and, after at least thirty miles marching up and down, in 
the morning recovered our quarters, and had it not been for the arrival of 
Goodale next morning, the whole camp had perished; The whole army, 
especially Connecticut, is much disabled and unwilling to march, with te- 
dious storms, and no lodgings, and frozen and swollen limbs, Major Treat 
importunate to return at lea.,t to Stonington ; Our dead and wounded are 
about two hundred, disabled as many; the want of otTicers, the considera- 

"5 This letter is copied from the note iu Hutciiinsoa's History of Massacliuaetts, vol. i. 
page2/3. 



J .ii.V ,-!:.<f.< rr. .!.U 



90 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [Jan. 

tion wliereof the General commends to your Iionor, forbids any action at 
present, and we fear whether Connecticut will comply, at last, to any ac- 
tion. We are endeavoring, by good keeping and billetting our men at 
several quarters, and, if possible removal of our wounded to Rhode-Island, 
to recover the spirit of our soldiers, and shall be diligent to find and under- 
stand the removals on other action of the enemy, if God please to give us 
advantage against them. 

As we compleat the account of our dead, now in doing, the Council is of 
the mind, without recruit of men we shall not be able to engage the main 
body. , 

I give your honour hearty thanks I am Sir, your honor s 

for your kind lines, of which humble servant, 

I am not worthy Joseph Dudley. 

Since the writing of these lines, the General and Council have jointly 
concluded to abide on the place, notwithstanding the desire of Connecticut, 
only entreat that a supply of 200 may be sent us, with supply of command- 
ers; and, whereas we are forced to gu-rison our quarters with at lease one 
hundred, three hundred men, upon joint account of the colonies, will serve, 
and no less, to effect the design. This is by order of the council. 

Blunderbusses, and hand greaadoes, and armour, if it may be, and at 
least two armourers to mend arms. 

CoiniissARY Department. 
The following accounts are inserted in this place as showing some- 
wliat the method and material of the commissary department at that 
time. The accounts, as will be noticed, relate largely to tlie earlier 
part of the war, and the ]\Iount Hope campaign under Gen. Cud- 
worth. The preliminary accounts having been squared by Mr. 
Southward (Soutlnvorth), all tlie rest were gathered in the general 
settlement in January, 167 5-G. — HhIVs Journal. 

27 August 1675 
Plymouth Colony Dr. to Cash for severalls as followeth. 
To Phillip Curtis for five men to guard powder 

and shott 00, 17, 00 

To the Guard for expence at Roxbury 00, 08, 06 \ 02, 05, 09 

for i bb> of biskett 00, 05, 09 

for l^** of powder besides what they brought 00, 01, 06 
Expence of s"* Guard at Dedham 00, 13, 00 

September 14'^ 1675 
Richard Smith for guarding Ammunition 00, 03, 00 

Thomas Lawrence ditto. 00, 03, 00 

James Hosly ditto. 00, 03, 00 [ 00, 15, 00 

James Montt ditto. 00, 03, 00 I 

Ebenezer Hill ditto. . 00, 03, 00 J 

November 23^. Cr. By Received of Mr. Southward 

for disbursements 03, 00, 09 

January 25"^ 1675 
Plimouth Colony Dr. to Sundry ace'' as hear stated in p'per p'ceils. for 
Beveralh dd'. by sundry persons for the use of s'^ Colony at divers tiuiea 



i{. I-l 



-3.':"i0- 






O'- T 



CO ,::; .1:0 -' 



00 .•■ ; ,C'.' 



I'O <H' .'. ! 



1886.] 



Soldiers in King Philip's War. 



91 



• 


00, 


18, 


00 


5,0 

0, o; 


05, 


05, 


00 


4, o' 
4,0 


32, 


11, 


00 



from the 29"^ of June last to this moneth inclusive as |3r the ace", receipts, 
& orders relating thereunto tiled as j) No. 12G9 & 1270 £285, 14, 10 

Armes for a muskett to Gen^ Cudworth 
Liqors for l\um to viz. 

Mr James Broun 9| Gall. ... 2, 

Their forces at Nuragausett 12 J gall . 3, 

Apparel for severalls viz. . 

To Nathaniel Gunny 1 pr shoes . . 0, 

Ditto Benjamin Peirce . . . .0, 

To Capt Cornelias, Wastcoat, Shoes & Stokins 0, 14, 
To Josiah Joslin, shoes and stockins . . 0, 7, 

To Geu^ Cudworth 6 pr. shoes and lop. stockins 3, 0, 
Delivered by the Commissioners to their forces at 
2sarragansett viz. 
26 — shirts at 

6 — Wastcoats 

9 — J5 drawers 

1 — p breeches 

2 — lined coats 
10 — g shoes \ 

5 — g stockins j 
6 y*^^ of canvas for ncckcloaths \ 
shott pouch and calicoe ) 

180 y"' sale cloth at y* 



Ammunition Id' viz. 
To the ofTicers a bang with So^**^ powder 2, 14, 

Ditto to Benjamin Church with IS""' and 50 bullets 2, 13, 6 
To the Geu'^ 1 cask bullets qr 1'" or better 2, 16, 

To Mr James Brown 5| bbl pow<ler at 7''' pr bbl. 38, 10, 

Ditto 9 cask & 1 chest bullets qr. ll^** 
More dd'. by the Commissaries 480 flints 

124 bullets 
8 half barrells of powder of the ^Nlattachusetts 

detained by the Governor of Rhoad Island 

for 4 barrells lent to Plimouth 



7, 16, 0^ 




2, 14, 




1, 4,0 




0, 18, 




^' ^'V28,2,0 


4, 15, 




1, 0,0 




6, 15, 




(32, 11,0) 


. , 


. 103, 08, 10 



25, 13, 4 
0, 10, 
2, 12, 

28, 0, 



Tobacco, for IS'** to Nathaniel Gunny 
Tooles, dd' to the officers \\z 3 spades 

2 Mattucks 
4 Axes 
Biskett dd' viz. To the Officers 150 cakes 
To Jlr .James Brown 9 hhds. 
To Gen*'^ Cudwurth 3^ hhds. 
Grocery for 2G"' Raisons soils to ditto Brown 
Fish for 1 hhd. ditto .... 

Porke ditto for 5 bb^ at 4"^ pr bb' 
2 by ditt 



(103, 08, 10) 

0, 10, 

1, 14, 
1, 04, 
0, 14,0) 

31, 10, y 

12, 00, 0) 



20, 00, 00 I 

8, 00, 00 j 



0, 07, 06 
02, 08, 00 

44, 04, 00 

01, 06, 00 
04, 00, 00 

r6, 00, GO 



[V ,':.[ ,5 



Of ,80 .eoi 



i> ,i I .^ 



r- -; 



((, 



00 .70 " 



i ■■' .■■■ .■ i 

of) :>0 .'i^ 



ei>/.A ^ 



92 



Soldiers in King Philijj^s War. 



Miscellanies, for severalls viz 

To Benjamin Church 1 hh** biscake 
2 bb' porke 
2 bsli. pease & 1 sack 
20^" tobacoe 

To Capt. Goram l'"^'' biskett ci- pease 
wanting 200 cakes 
1"' raisous soils 
4 large peeces of porke 
To Gen»" Cudworth 1 kittle . 
To ditto Church 1 jarr ovle 
2 galls wine 
lO"" raisons solis 
To L* Tanner 1''''^ pease 
(4?)"''^ biscake 
2bbi porke 

To John Cobleigh for ditt. Ch(urch)? 

1"" salt 
At Narragansett 2 qire p(aper) 



I 11, 10, 
I 01, 02, 



[Jan. 
24, 19, 06 



00 
00 



03, 17,06 

01, 10 00 
01, 03, 00 

04, 00, 00 

1, 16, 00 
0, 01, 00 



(24, 19, OG) 

Billetings, for quartering 12 souldiers at 'SV Miles hous 
Alsoe Geu*'*' Curhvorth"s and Capt Bradfords Companies 
the 17'^ 18'''& 10-^ dayes of July with bread, pease, 
pork tobaco and liq°" 
Pease viz 

To dit. Browne o^^'^ with Cask 
To dit. Cudworth f""' 
Cask for 9^^'^ to Ditto Browne 
Maritim — disbursments viz 

for the frait of 4'^'^'^ bisket and 2^^^ of tobaco 

at guess 
Ditto to ^ p* of the hire of Vesselk 

Salt dd'. viz 

To Ditto Browne l'"^"^ qr. 1 2'"'' & Cask 
By Ditto Commissaries 1.} bsh 

Thomas Terry for li firkins of sope 

l*"** meale, 10 wooden boules and 1 cann 



j> 10, 00, 00 
I 

J 



9, 00, 00 ) 
1, 15, 00 j 



I 1, 00, 00 
10, 00, 00 

2, 00,00) 
0, 06, 00 )' 



10, 15, 00 

2, 01, 00 

11, 00,'00 



02, 06, 00 
02, 05, 00 



(28.5, 14, 10) 

June 24'^ 1676. * 
Plymouth Colony Cr By Viz. 

Aramunission for powder & ball returned as ) ,, -.j, ^. 
pNo 3185 ^44,18,04 

Biskett dit. 22, 00, 00 

Grains for pease dit. 03, 00, 00 

By Disbursements for Ballance as p bond 11535 fo^ 544 

The account id thus Ccirrlcd to a later Ledger, which is lo 



GO, 18, 04 

215, 16,06 

;t. 



f> ,00 ,01 '.' 

i 

I 

f 






( ■jy ,0 1 ,1 



0;'»uot iO '""" 



'■0 SJj 



-' ■ "'■■''■.». 



('■I . 



M.V J 



?ti {•■jii-i;'. ... 



'» ,;j[ .-".i^ {!•'. Vi 



1886.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 93 

Maritime Depart^iIext. 
The following may show somewhat of the " naval " power of that 
day, and the methods and means of transporting supplies. 

1675 Maritime Disbursements Dr 

Nov 20 To Peter Treby for frait of the Slo'^^^e r-.imrose £09, 06, 00 

Dec 10 To Israel Nicliols for wood for GoodaU's Vessel 00, OJ, 00 

" •• To Stephen Ilascott for dammage of the Sloope Swan 03, 10, 00 

Feby 29 To Anthony Low for frait . . .05, 00, 00 

1676 

June 24 " Richard Goodall for frait . . . 22, 00, 00 

" " Nehemiah Goodall for Service . . 05, 10, 00 

" Pilgrim Simpkin " « . . 02, 08, 00 

« « James Twisdell " " . . . 02, 08, 00 

« Richard Earle « " . . 02, 08, 00 

" Ezekiel Gardner " « . . . 02, 02, 00 

" William AVoodbery '• " . . 05, 10, 00 

" Anthony Haywood " " . . . 04, 00, 00 

" Thomas Moore <' « . . 10, 00, 00 

" John 15aker " " . • . . 02, 08, 00 

Andrew Belclier, of Cambridge, a prominent merchant, with ves- 
sels operating between Boston and Connecticut ports, was active in 
these affiiirs, but his accounts doubtless fall into a later Ledger. 

In the State Archives, in some bills of Benjamin Gillam against 
the colony, I find the item, Jan'y 10, 1G75 ; 

" To charges on men to cut out Andrew Belcher's Sloop to goe to Nar- 
ragansett, 14s." 

Mr. Church speaks of the arrival of xVndrew Belcher as oppor- 
tune in saving the army ; ^Ir. Dudley says Goodale. ]Mr. Hub- 
bard's reference to the vessels "frozen in at Cape Cod," causing 
distress, was, I think, to a later time. 

After the return of the army to Mr. Smith's Garrison, the burial 
of the dead and removal of their wounded to Rhode Island, they 
spent several weeks parleying with the enemy, watching and re- 
cruiting. Major Treat withdrew with his Connecticut forces, 
against the wishes, it appears, of the General and the other officers, 
and was later called to account for insubordination. Additional 
trooi)s were sent down from Boston, and ^Massachusetts and Ply- 
mouth held the field for a month longer ; but their operations and 
the closing part of this winter campaign, and the new forces engag- 
ed, must fall into the next chapter. 

Massachusetts afterwards redeemed the promise made to the sol- 
diers at Dedham Plain, and granted to eight bundrcd and forty 
claimants, including those of Plymouth, the seven ^sarrngansett 
townships. Connecticut to her volunteers in the 2sarragansett wars 
granted the town of Voluntown. (See List in Xarragansett His- 
torical Register, vol. i. p. 145, by Hon. Richard X, Wheeler.) 

VOL. XL. 9 






■ti;»'. CJtfOJ^.OJ CjOOi.-^ -':.;■!.)], ri <;3l!Hi./. 3iJ0 






ioj J,. U: 









un ;,.iJ 



( .In . ■:( // i- 



94 The Indian JSTames of Boston. [Jan. 



THE IXDIAX NAMES OF BOSTON, AND THEIR 
MEANING. 

Read before the Ne^v England Historic Genealogical Society, Noveniber 4, 1SS5, 
By Prof. E. N. Horsford, A.M., of Cambridge. 

THE following paper has groun out of the study of the Indiun 
names of Eastern Long Island, New York, to which I was 
led in an investigation of some points of local history pertaining to 
the early settlement of Sylvester ^NIaxor, Shelter Island. Several 
of these names' tliat have been kept in use there were found to be 
nearly related to Indian names that have been preserved in the annals 
of Boston ; so that in the study of the one group I became, in a 
degree, fomiliar with the other. In this research light has been 
thrown upon some other names of New England, which were neces- 
sarily introduced into my discussion. 

To illustrate my paper, I have added a tracing of Winsor's map 
of ancient and modern Boston: also one, somewiiat modified, from 
Des Barres's map of Boston and its neighborhood ; together with a 
cojiy of Montanus's map, showing some of the Indian nanies. and 
their substitutes proposed by Prince Charles ; and, lastly. John 
Smith's map of 1()34:. 

It will be seen that the region of the Aec^• to which Sbav.mut 
(Sha-ura-ut) ap[)lied had its narrowest part between Ilaymnrket 
Square and North Street, about on a line at rigiit angles to the front 
of Oak Hall. In the time of Winthrop a canal was cut along what 
is now Blackstone Street, permitting small craft loaded with wood or 
other gupi)lies procured on the shores of the Charles or ]Mystic to 
j)ass through for the needs of the dwellers on the east side of the 
peninsula. The 2seck proper extended scarcely a hundred yards 
along what is now Hanover Street, and comprised with it a srrip on 
either side, a little more than twice the width of the present street, 
as laid down on "Winsors map. The farthest reach of the water 
from the east was a point about midwav between Union and Black- 
stone streets, and equally distant from North and Hanover streets. 

The late Dr. T. W. Harris, librarian of Harvard Colkge, as I 
am informed by Mr. Charles Deane, suggested that the names 
Boston, Hull, and Cambridire were transferred from the sites to 
which Prince Ciiarles assigned them, and were not original selections 
by the first settlers, as in regard to Boston Dudley would lead us to 
believe. The observations presented in the following paper may 
throw some light on how the unanimity of assent as to the proposed 
change was promoted. In addition to what is stated in my paper, 

' Airnwom, Aniagan-ett, Massapaug, Missepaug, M.i-!ioni-uk, Hashim-om-nk, Mcntaak, 
MoncLonoc, Man-an-duk, Man-hun-sett, Mau-hau-iac-naii-iuiuiiaii-oo-um-u!:. 



r.Ci 
.1.; i i 



an- 

j 

In 






i'i-.- 






;':'M.i [-.j^ li- 



en 



. i 













\ Vi. v.r^ ..;?-- 'W ll li' t ^ ^•^,'^^5>;r^-»'«J 






^^ I- \ I >- 







/ 














E /P T 








e quins V-i;.''*-*^*^'* .,^ t^-a 









d 






L<>« *■' 



^ 











'-" ^f 




*■ « * S' », «9 



»■» Vc '« '^ - ^^ Alrsr ''<><-/ r-iil.'^ ?* .* 



t E u ,T\r 



'V. ». 









rji^D 3- 





























-2r s 






f 



./v 



..-::sf2N-> 












1886.] The Indian JSTames of Boston. 95 

I may add that Cambridge was a name assigned by Prince Charles 
to a point near the month of tlie Kennebec, called also Quinnebequi.' 
Kennebec and Quinnebeqni differ only dialecticall}-. Both mean 
long still wafer. If an Indian of the ^Massachusetts tribe, standinir 
on the bank of any river against a stretch of ^' dead water," were 
asked what he called the stream, he would rejdy (that point alone 
being in his mind), Quinnebequi ( Quinne, '' hmg, and beqiii , "stiil 
water"), or the same word with dialectic modification. So he must 
have replied to AVinthrop and Dudley, or Saltonstall and Philips, if 
they stood together near AVinthrop Square, Old Cambridge, or near the 
Saltonstall landing against the Cambridge Hospital ; and when thov 
recalled Smith's map and account, and saw Cambridge on the river 
called Quinnebequi, they found the Prince had already bestowed a 
name. 

The name Anmoughcawgen, which Smith had placed higher nn 
on the Kennebec (Quinnebequi) of Maine, qualified possibly the 
Charles and the Kennebec alike. It may mean Fishing-place 
weir, or perhaps Beaver dam. In the former case the "Fish 
weir" in "Watertown would have borne the name associated with 
Cambridi^^e ; in the latter, the sources of both streams — the Charles 
and the Kennebec — were regions in which beaver dams and meadov.s 
abounded. 



When Winthrop came out in 1G30, after a brief detention at Salem he 
moved around to Nantasket. Leaving the vessels there, he came up with 
the principal men of the Company to Charlestown. the residence of Thoma> 
"Walford, who was living within a stockaded euclosure on the slope of 
Breed's Hill, looking toward Copp's Hill, across the Charles River. The 
situation did not please Winthrop's Company mainly because of the want 
of good water. The spring on which Mr. Walford depended was below 
high-water mark, and was, of course, available only when the tide was out ; 
and much of this time it yielded a more or less brackish water. 

Mr. Winthrop, Mr. Saltonstall, Mr. Dudley and others set out to find a 
more desiralde spot on which to erect their dwelling-houses. Saltonstall 
and some others established themselves at Watertown, in the neighborhood 
of Mount Auburn, where they found good water. Winthrop and Dudley 
and others began to baild at Cambridge, where, also, they found water. 
Before Winthrup had proceeded far, Mr. William Blaxton.' who had been 
established for some years on the westerly slope of Beacon Hill, or possi- 
bly further north, invited him to settle at Shaumut, as there were good 
spriyigs tliere. 

The substance of this interview is in a note in the early records of 
Charlestown. 

The first utterance of the word Shaicmutt by an Englishman, spelled pre- 
cisely as if pronounced as we pronounce it to-day, occurred at least as early 
as 1C30. 

The inducement mentioned by Blaxton (or Blackstone) and the coinci- 

' It is also printed Qainobequin and Qtiinibcquy. 



96 The Indian Barnes of Boston. [Jan.. 

dent needs of Winthrop may have given rise to the notion that the mean- 
ing of Shawmutt was "a sjM-ing of water." For this or some other reason 
the notion has found wide acceptance from that day to this.^ 

In 1817 Charles Shaw, in a very interesting volume entitled '• A Topo- 
graphical and Historical Description of Boston," suggests that the name 
"Shawmut" means Peninsula ; and leads us to infer "that it applied to the 
great block of land connected by the Roxbury Neck with the ma in -land ; 
although he recognizes that there was the principal neok^viud a UGck within, 
known also as the " chief landiug place." Mr. Shaw supported his sug- 
gestion by references to Indian names of other localities, which, lioweve'r, 
in the light of more recent study, admit of other interpretations. The sug- 
gestion was, nevertheless, a very happy one, and came very near to render- 
ing further research unnecessary. 

In 1822 Rev. Samuel Deane, of Scituate, in a communication to the 
Massachusetts Historical Society, finds the origin of Shaivmut in certain 
words of somewhat remote relationship, and that the word means a foun- 
tain of living waters. " Mishawumut " he translated a great spring. 

Mr. Drake, the author of the " History and Antiquities of Boston," p. 
457, remarks that he thinks Shawmut means *' Free Country, free land, or 
land unclaimed." He does not give his reasons in detail. 

The most recent and thoughtful of the various discussions of the meanino- 
of Shawmut is contained in a communication from the eminent Algonquin 
scholar, Dr. Trumbull, of Hartford, addressed to the late ^Mr. FoIso~m. Sec- 
retary of the Massachusetts Historical Society, and published in the Pro- 
ceedings of the Society some twenty years ago. 

This paper derives the name from an Indian phrase, which Dr. Trum- 
bull translates, Where there is going bg boat. 

The phrase, including Mushau-womuk as one of its stages of degradation, 
Mishawumut perhaps as another, and M'Shawmut as a third, became at 
length, in the utterance of English-speaking people, Shawmut, the meaning 
of which, in short, was Ferry, and referred to " where there was 2:oiug by 
boat" to Charlestown. 

My studies have led me to another interpretation, and its contrast with 
this of Dr. Trumbull illustrates the fine spirit of the intimation, in quite 
another connection, by this accomplished writer, that it is well to re^-ard 
efforts in this direction as tentative, and our conclusions, at the best"^ as 
scarcely more than jirovisional. 

In Wood's " New Englauds' Prospect," edited by Mr. Charles Deane, 
there is, near the close, a short vocabulary of Indian words and a collection 
of Indian geographical names. 

In this latter list one column gives the Indian names, and another the 
corresponding English names, where known. 

> " Anthority that can be relied upon " (Dr. Shurtleff, p. 25, " Historical Description of 
Boston ) " says : In the mean time, Mr. Blackstone. dwellin? on the other side of Charles 
River, alone, at a place by tlie Indians called .Shawmutt, where he onlv had a cottM-^e— 
at, not far off, the place called Blarkstone's Point, he came and acquainted the Go'ver- 
nor of an excellent sprint therewithal inviting him and solhitina him thitijLT. Wliere- 
npon after the death of Mr. Johnson and divers others, the Governor with Mr. Wilson and 
the greater part of the church removed thither; whither also the frame of th.- Governor's 
house in preparation in this town [Wmthrop's house was begun at what is now Camhrid'^e] 
■was (also to the discontent of some) carried, when people began to build their house* 
agamst winter, and this place was called Boston." 

Prince says: (Ma~s. Hist. Soc. Coll., iv. p. 1.55) : " The want of pood water and other 
conveniences at Charlestown made several ^ro abroad upon di-covery. >nur- 'O over 
to Shawmut, some go without Charlestown Neck and travel up into the main till thev come 
to a place well watered, whither Sir Richard Saltonstall with Mr. Phillips (miniiter) and 
several others went, and settled a plantation, and called it Watertown." 



T .'.O (.':,»{ flw .y?^ 



1886.] The Indian N^ames of Boston, 97 

Among tliem occur the following : — 
Mishaum, 

Mishaiiinut, Charlestowue. 

Massachusets, Boston. 

Dr. Trumbull suggested in regard to the column of geofrraphical names, 
that, through a mistake of the type-setter, the English names had been 
dropped a line. It will be seen that there was no error in print requirintr 
this explanation, ° 

In Ogilby's "America"' (1671) we have, in a list of the early settle- 
ments of New England, against Charlestown, the name Mashcncmut. 

We have, then, three forms of the Indian name of the site of Charles- 
town : — 

Mishaumut, TTood, 1634. 

Mashawmut, Ogilby, 1671. 

Mishawumut, Rev. Samuel Deane, 1822. 

These are_ not ditFerent Indian words, but different results of English 
efforts to write what the Indian gave as the name of the site of Chades- 
town. 

They are obviously different forms of one word. Wood was several 
years in the neighborhood. He prepared a vocabulary of Indian words. 
Neither of the other authorities had this advantage. Wood's form. Mishau- 
mut, commends itself. He spells the name of Charles River, Mishaum. 

Let us take his form, IMishaumut, as the Indian name of Charlestown. 

Neither Wood nor Ogilby give Shaumut as a name for Boston. The 
only authority for this name is Blaston. It differs from the name for 
Charlestown in that it lacks the prefix Mi or Mis. 

The meaning of J//s we know. It occurs in J/i5tick, a tidal river sween- 
ing Charlestown on the north and west, and in another tidal river near 
Stonington in Connecticut. It occurs in Missomi and in J/^'^sissippi, the 
great rivers; in J//stassini, the great lake south of Hudson's Bay. Its 
signification is well known. It means great. Mas is a dialectic equiv- 
alent of Mis. 

Mistick River is great as compared with other tidal rivers leading up into 
Maiden and Medford meadows. 

Mis-shaumut, or 3Iishaamut, differs from Shaumut (whatever that may 
mean), in that it is something relatively greater. 

Let us look again at Wood's column of Indian names. They are ar- 
ranged thus : — 

Mishaum, 

Mishaumut, Charlestowne, 

as if both names might be used for the same locality.' They differ from 
each other in that one has tlie terminal syllable ut. 

Thomas Walford's residence was Mishaumzt/;, 

What does this terminal syllable ut mean? The answer is happily at 
hand. Books were printed for the use of the Indians in the two lan- 
guages; English on one page, and over against it the Indian translation. 

On the English titlepage the books were printed at Boston. On the 

I Dr. Palfrey vol. i. « Hist of New En-land," p. 289, savs: "The visitors found at 
M^shawumanLnglish palisaded and thatched house, wherein lived Thomas Walford, a 
smith Before the winter, an expiorin- party either be?an or made preparations for 

?S9n Tr^l^ "^ Mi-hau-am, now Charlestown. Eceretr, Address at Charkstoicn. Juhp ^S 

PnniV^il ; ° ■'"'! w^'nl'"'!'' ''"^ ""J^^rstood by the Euijlish as mterchaii^-eable 'o^ 
equivalent, as applied to Charlestown. 

VOL. XL. 9* 



Oi 



-ic Bii. ^•sdT 



n?.n lyTtl'j . 



9S Hie Indian jSfames of Boston. [Jan. 

Indian titlepage tliey were printed Boston-?;/. (Trumbull, Winsor's 
" Boston.") 

When Eliot, in attempting to translate the phrase, slioicing himself 
through the lattice (Solomon's Song. ii. 9), for his Indian Bible, finding the 
nearest equivalent iov lattice was the Indian expression for ee/-/*©;", decided to' 
transfer the English word unchanged, with the addition only of the syllable 
ut, — making " lattcssut " do service in defining the position, when " show- 
ing himself through the lattice." (Breeches Bible, 1599, has grates, Solo- 
mon's Song, xi. 9, and lattesse, Judges v. 28.) 

Ui is a syllable of location, at, near, against, on this side, on that side, etc. 

TTe cannot be mistaken as to the meaning of the terminal syllable ut. 
Thomas Walford lived near Mishaum, and William Blaxton lived near 
Shaum. 

The peninsula of Charlestown was near Mishaum. The peninsula of 
Copp's Ilill was near Shaum. 

The unknown part of Mi-shaum-ut is reduced to two syllables. The 
unknown part of Shaum-ut is less by one syllable. What remains is Shaum. 

It seems in the Massachusetts dialect that the addition of um to a prepo- 
sition or adverb or adjective converts it into a noun, — na-um, wam(p)um, 
wong-um, shong-um, etc. That is, we may regard um (or wum, our spell- 
ing) as a terminal syllable, without meaning, except in combination. It is, 
for example, like ness in English, or /:eit in German. I^^ess converts up- 
right, an adjective, into uprightness, a noun. Keit converts aufrichtig, an 
adverb, into aufrichtigkeit, a uouu. 

So um or ivum, which we find in Shaum(ut) or Shawum(ut), and in 
(Mis)shaum or (i\Iis)shawum(ut), when taken away, leaves Sha as a possi- 
ble adverb, or preposition, or adjective, — the remaining syllable the mean- 
ing of which is to be found. 

To ascertain the meaning of this syllable, I have collected many Indian 
words in which it occurs, and sought, by a process of substitution, to find 
the word or phrase which would fit equally well in all the combinations of 
the syllable sha. 

Dr. Trumbull has laid down a rule in regard to Indian geographical 
names, which has been found to be of almost universal appplication.' It is 
this : — 

" Every name DESCRIBED the locality to which it was 

AFFIXED. 

Of such names, in which the syllable sha occurs, there is Na-sha-un 
(Tsaushaun) (un for umj, the long, narrow island between Vineyard Sound 
and Buzzard's Bay ; and Na-sha-we-na, another island, between the same 
two sheets of water. 

Na-sha-wi (oue, ue) (Xashaway), a river emptying into the Merrimack, 
not far from Lowell. 

Mi-sha-um (Mis-sha-um), the Charles River. 

Mi-sha-um, Charlestown. 

Sha-womet is the Indian name of a part of Warwick Neck in Rhode 
Island. Sha-omet and Mi-sha-womut are also found on Rhode Island 
maps. 

Sha appears in the Indian name Chawum (Shaum) of Captain John 
Smith, and the same name written in the town records of Sandwich is 
Shaum-e (e silent. Dr. D wight). 

' The Composition of Indian Geographical Names. ColL Conn. Hist. Soc., vol. ii. p. 4, 



KHvr or TTijjfi'jO.i ntiT GH'TIJl _.-_\:n 



■fiinviA •■). 



It .q ,ir .('■•# . '^^^rl .titU .n.i'.i^ .!io:> .^'itaaM hr 



1886.] The Indian Xames of Boston. 99 

Sha-um, with slight modification, is the name of a neck of land not far 
from Dightou Rock ; of another neck of laud near Fall River ; of another 
between Seconnet and Xe^Y Bedford; another on the peninsula of Cape 
Cod. 

Na-sha-quit-za describes a locality on Nantucket. 

In another class of names we have Mi-sha-on. 

Mi-sha-on, the trunk of a tree. 

Mi-sha-ou, or Misho-on, or Misho-an, or Mushau-on, the canoe made from 
the trunk of a tree. 

Na-sha-onk, the throat. 

Mi-sha-ouk, the trunk of the body, distinct from the head, arms and legs. 

Sha-meek is a Delaware name for eel, still used on Nantucket. The eel 
is also called Meek-sha, or Neek-sha. 

Sha (or Schach) enters into the name of a gun-barrel, and fenced road 
or highway. [Delaware.] 

Na-sha-wi (or ue or we) is the Indian equivalent of between the walls, as 
of a village, for example, in Eliot's Bible. 

Naha-sha-wi is employed by Eliot as the Indian equivalent of in a s'rait 
hetioixl two. Na is repeated for emphasis, as " out and out," or " very 
true." 

In looking over this list, which need not be further extended, it will be 
readily seen that the single phrase suited to all the various uses of the syl- 
lable Sha is parallel-sided. 

Let us apply it. 

The gini barrel is para/Iel-sidcd. 

The eel (Sha-meek) is a. paraUel-sided fish ; meek is Delaware for Jish. 

The sturgeon (Keppi-sha-meek) is an encased, parallel-sided jish. 

Na means in the middle, half way, between, divide, etc. 

Onh means upright. 

Na-sha-onk, the throat, is middle-of-the-parallel-sided upright. 

Mis-sha-onk, the trunk of the human body, is iiie great-parallel-sided 
upright. 

The trunk of the tree is the-great-paralleJ-sided Mis-sha-on (Mishaon) ; 
and the canoe made from it is Misha-on, or Misho-on, or ^lushauon. 

Mi-sha-um is the great parallel-sided River Charles.* (See Wood's 
"New Englands' Prospect.") 

It is also the great parallel-sided Neck of Charlestown, near which was 
Mi-sha-um-z<<, the residence of Walford. 

Sha-um is that which is parallel-sided, as the Neck at Sandwich. 

» Charles River had in its different portions different Indian names. Mi-sha-ura, the 
great-parallel-sided, — the eel river, applied well to the portion between the Watcrtowu Ar- 
senal and the Cottage Farm station on the Boston and Albany Railroad. Quinohequin, 
given by Morse as a name of Charles River, was probably, as su2ri,'ested by the late Dr. T. 
W. Harris, [librarian of Harvard Collei^e, transferred, with Cambridire, from the rc'ion of 
the Kennebec, where it was placed in Smith's account, to the region of I5oston. It was not 
the name of a river as a proper name. Quinnebequi applied to long stretches of still wafer, 
as the same name with dialectic modification applied to portions of tlie Kenncljcc. Another 
Indian name, Noromhigue, is mentioned by Allefonsce, Thevet and 0^'ilby, which dclined 
or described another peculiar feature or portion of the river. Captain Juhn Smith substi- 
tuted for Massac/iusels — the Indian name of the mouth of the river — the name of Prince 
Charles. On Verrazano's map(Maiollo's) of our coast, 1-527, is the name Anguilerne, which 
is repeated on the maps of Gaitaldi and Ruscelli, and is mentioncil by fhevet. and aNo by 
iJuno in his comment on Cluvi-rius (see OA\'<>y), as bui!)!,' u:id>.-r the f )rty-tliiid di.-^'ree of 
latitude. It has iutert;st as a possible translation of ilishaum, one of the Indian names of 
Charles River given above. 






lit <ii !'.'■):■<> '^>Ji 



J { 






.1. 'JJ^tl^io-J'i 



100 The Indian Xames of Boston, [Jan. 

Sha-um was the 2^ecJc. upon or near which was the first Indian settle- 
ment, between the cove formerly coming in from the northwest to beyond 
the eastern limit of Haymarket Square, and the bay extending from the 
east to points west of Dock Square, as shown on Winsor's map of ancient 
Boston. 

As Shaum was the necJ:, Shaum-ut seems to have been applied, as alrea- 
dy intimated, to the peninsula which was near it to the north as well. So 
Mishanra was the greater neck, and Mishaum-ut was applied to the whole 
peninsula of Charlestown, which was near it on the east, and greater than 
the peninsula north of the present Bhxckstone Street. 

As Sha-um-ut was the residence of Blaxton, near the Neck, so Mi-sha- 
um-ut was the temporary stopping-place of Winthrop, near the greater 
Neck. 

So I conceive came the name Shaavmut. 

There was another name of early Boston, of which note was taken by 
Dr. Trumbull : — 

Mi(sh au-icom uk. 

Indian books were printed at Mushau-womuk, according to the Indian 
title page. They were printed, as the English title page showed, at Boston. 
(Trumbull.) 

The business streets or lanes of that period were in the region we now 
know as Blackstone and Union streets. Mushau-womuk was at the head 
of the cove, since filled in. It was the place where the canoes coming from 
Charlestown (Mishaumut) and perhaps Chelsea (Wiune-sim-met) made the 
land. It was the canoe-landing-place, which is the meaning of Mushau-wo- 
muk. It described one side of the neck, — the S/iaum. It was the name an 
Indian, icith little conception of a i'ROPf:R geographical name, would give, in 
reply to inquiry. He would thus describe the spot to which he conceived 
his attention had been directed. 

From JTushaum — canoe — the in was dropped for ease of utterance ; om 
was enclosure; id: (ock) was place ; w (or oo) may be euphonic. The place 
where the canoe was kept — the ferry landing — was 

MUSIIAU-WOHUK. 

Another name was recognized by Father Rasles, the Jesuit missionary 
among the Abnakis. It is given in his Abuaki Dictionary under the head 
Noins, p. 493. 

Messatsoosec, Bastox. 

Baston was the spelling on ^lontanus's map; it was the same on La Ilon- 
tin's map. (On Smith's map, Snodouu is spelled Snadoun.) 

Wood, in his " New PLnglands' ^ Prospect," already cited, wrote the 
name as he understood it : — 

Massachusets, Boston, 

instead of Messatsoosec, Bastox. 

If we analyze the name given by Father Rasles, we find familiar forms 
mider dialectic variation. 

Mess is the same as mas or mis or mus, great. 

at-soo is adchu, wadchu, hill. 

sec is sac, saco, or saugus, month. 

The combination, according to Kasles, was Great-HiUs-Mouth, referring 

* Wood placed the apostrophe afte^r the #. 









ni-^'iY.): ,\-\ 



1886.] The Indian JSTames of Boston. 101 

to the mouth of Charles River, near Trimountain, and contrastinrr it with 
the mouths of Naponsett,^ Weymouth, and the other lesser stream's empty- 
ing into Boston Harbor. 

The combination, Massachusetts, which is said to have been applied, and 
properly, to the country about the Blue Hills of Milton, was also properly 
employed in Massachusetts Bay.' It is the bay of the Greai-IIiUs-Mouth, 
or the bay at the mouth of the Charles Kiyer. 

This name was another descriptive appellation of the site, not of the 7iech 
or the head of the cove, but of the mouth of the river emptying into the bay 
near this point. 

But there was still another name. It occurs in Ogilby's " America," 
and in some respects is the most interesting of all, from its possible imme- 
diate connection with the final adoption of the English name Boston. 

Ogilby seems not to have heard of Shaumut or Shawmut. or Mushau- 
womuk or 3Iessatsoosec. as Indian names of the region of Boston. He says 
(edition of 1671, p. 159) the name was "anciently" 

Accomonticus. 
It is not difficult to analyze this name. It is the same as the Abnaki 
name, Agamenticns. 

Accom (or Orjkome. Eliot) means beyond. 

Man (or man, or men, or ynin) means elevation, or abrupt rising from 
water or a plain. 

tuc (or tick) means tidal river or cove. 
es (or us) means little. 

Accomonticus means Beyond-the-hill-little-cove. 

This would be the descriptive term employed by an Indian standing on 
the site of the Charlestown Navy Yard, and describing the head of the an- 
cient cove reaching up to the east side of the mill-pond of earlier times and 
of the present Haymarket Square. To him it would be the " Beyond-the 
hill-little-cove." 

So it would if he stood at the old Fort TTashington, south of West 
Boston Bridge, looking across the ridge traversed by Leveret Street. 

So it would be if he were at Brookline or Roxburv. looking over Bea- 
con Hill, or if he were at South Boston or Dorchester, lookin^o- over the 
ancient Fort Hill. " 

From all these points the Sha-um or Mushau-womuk would be at or near 
the Beyo n d-th e-h ill-lit tle-co ve. 

I have already intimated that this name is the most interesting of the 
four early Indian names of Boston, because it seems to be connected with 
the vote of the authorities in 1630, which determined the present English 
name of the locality which had at first been called Trimountain. 

You will remember that Captain John Smith, after his return from his 
services at Jamestown, Virginia, sailed from England, April, 1614. on a 
voyage to our shores. His tirst land made was the Island Monahigan,'' off 
the mouth of the Penobscot. He sent a part of his ship's company to col- 
lect fiah, and with a boat's crew of eight besides himself he explored the 
-coast as far south as Cape Cod. He obtained the various Indian names by 
which were known the bays, rivers, capes, etc., of the coast, and to some 
extent of the interior; and having placed them upon the outline chart he 

I Winthrop's map of 1631 ?ivc«; Xapomett. 

^^of*"!.'"^''"'^ 5;o;-o»«.i,;7/7, about, in thtncicjlMrhoodof. Wood wrote the name v,-\t\i 
one t. It gcems here to lie the equivalent of sec. 
=> Manheigin on J. F. W. Des Barres's map, 1776. 



^a. 






Ji' 



H f..lo 



;-,-if:7 -^dl 



102 The Indian JVanics of Boston, [Jan. 

had prepared, solicited the yonng Prince Charles to substitute for them 
eucli other names as miglit be acceptable to his Royal Highness, that he 
might so remove the barbarous names, and at the same time give to the 
future settlers in the Xew England^ opportunity to say that their places of 
residence were named by their sovereign. The Prince acquiescin'^, dis- 
tributed familiar English and Scotch names up and down the coast. Of 
these, Plymouth. Cape Ann (named after his royal mother) and Charles 
River, became permanent. 

Among these names were Boston (or P)aston, on Ogilby's map, and pro- 
nounced Bawston), given to the mouth of the Little York River (a few 
miles north of Portsmouth), called by the Indians Agamenticus or Acomin- 
ticns (Montanus). and Hull, at the mouth of the Piscataqna. 

The name Accomonticus (Ogilby) described the site of the mouth of 
Little York River to one approaching it from the north, as it lay behind the 
hill called by the Indians Sassanows (the modern Agamenticus). Little 
York River, a short tidal river, was the Beyond-the-hiU-little-cove. 

For the name Piscataqua, the first river south of the Little York, the 
Prince wrote ■■' Hull." 
[ The descriptive appellation Accomonticus was encountered — that is, must 

have been, as we have seen — by Winthrop and his exploring parties at 
numerous points, when inquiry was made of the Indians as to the name of 
the head of the cove, the canoe place, and also the neck. (See Des Barres's 
map of Boston and the neighboring country, or the outline submitted here- 
with.) 

Wiuthrop's Company had Smith's map. They had doubtless Cham- 
plain's and others, and recognizing how imperfect they were, and how ex- 
aggerated the distances, and how incorrect and even transposed many of 
the situations of localities, naturally found themselves embarrassed. To 
them the names were proper names ; not simply descriptive appellations, 3i& 
they were to the natives, determined maitdy by the position of the observer. 
It is conceivable, therefore, that they came to think the Acominticus of 
Snoith was the Accomonticus at the mouth of the Charles, and that 
Boston was the name chosen happily by their King for the settlement 
at the head of the bay, and was a selection of some fifteen years' 
standing. Dudley says it was proposed to give this name to their chief 
town before the company sailed from England. If this purpose governed 
the majority of the council, the aid afforded by the Indians must have con- 
tributed to induce the minority to acquiesce in their wish. 

The recorded vote is very simple. It was taken September 7, 1G30. In 
a long statement of what was done at that meeting appears the record : 
^And that Trimouatain he called Boston " ; it is not that Shaiomut, or Mush- 
auwomuk, or Massachusets, or Accomonticus be changed, but that " Tri- 
mountain^ be called Boston." 

At the same meeting it was also voted, and all recorded in one para- 
graph, to change Mattapan to Dorchester, and Pigsgusset (Pequusset) to 
Watertown. This summary statement indicates au adequate previous dis- 
cussion, but what it was is not recorded. 

In the history of Hull I have failed to find any note of the origin of the 
name. The position of the name at the mouth of the Piscataqua (Passata- 

' Smith seems to have bec-n the flr.-t to :riv-e the niime Xew Enaland. 
Tlj_e name "Ti-iniount;iin " v.-js !.ru:,'''ly first ;;ivcn by Guiiiv.. the Sr.i.r.!=h nnvi!r.T.tor, 
In loi5, as identifying,' the archipelago which lon^' bore hi.s name (Dr. K-^hl, d-i!. .>lLdae 
Uiiit. Soc, voL i. 2d Ser. pp. 310-322J, and which seemis to have beeu Boston Harbor. 







> 




s/itct2..^ J*t— <r 



188G.] JSfotes and Queries. 103 

quack on Montanus's map) was the same, relatively, that the modern Hull 
holds now, — at or near the mouth of the first principal river next eutering 
the ocean going southward, — tlie roadstead against Xantasket (Hull) might 
be reaarded as the mouth of the Neponset (or Weymouth) the next to the 
Charfes. 

The name Hull seems to have heeu found where it is, by the historian of 
Plymouth County, but how it came there I have not had the fortune to find 
out. In reality, it seems to have been conferred by Prince Charles, when 
he replaced the Indian names at the request of Smith, and, like Bosiou, to 
have been transferred from the Piscataqua to the Charles. 

The several Indian names of Boston and their significations are as fol- 
lows : — 

Sha-um-ut (Shawmut), Xear the Xeck. 

Mushau-womnk, Canoe-place. 

Messatsoosec (Massachusetts), Gr eat- Hills- Movth. 

Accomonticus, Beijond-the-hill-Utllc-cove. 



NOTES AXD QUEPvlES. 

Notes. 
Jonx IIakvard and Cambridge UxiVERStxr. — An English correspondent writes 
as follows : 

" The two signatures of John Harvard are in the Subscription Book. Here every 
person, on admission to a degree, subscribed his name in t'jken of his assent to the 
Roj-al Supremacy, the autliority of Holy Scripture and the Thirt3--M'ine Articles of 
the Church of Englind. The declaration on the?e points is written, and then each 
person for him-clfaoknowledires his a-^sent to it. The order adopted is by CoHo^es, 
and Harvard's .-iirnature appears ainon:r~t tho^e from Emmanuel on takinj; his iJ.A. 
degree in 1631 and his M.A. in 1635, the latter being much the better of the two. 
These books iro back to 1613, when .-uliscription was first required, and t'lc origi- 
nals iiave becu preserved from that time to this day ; and, as I need not say. are of 
the highest interest. Subscription, properly so called, has been abolished, but per- 
sons admitted to decrees still siirn the book. Amongst recent signatures of inter- 
est, that of your distinguished fellow citizen, ' Robert Charles Winthrop,' caught 
my eye. The Register of ^vhich Mr. Shuckburgli wrote to 3'ou (Reg. sssix. ?yll) 
as having been preserved since bSil, is the Matriculation Register, but this does 
not contain the signatuj-es of the persons matriculated. Signatures go back only 
to the period when subscription began, which, as I have said, was in 1613. 

" The only oriidnal record of the period which Emmanuel College posje-^es is a 
book with the heading ' Recepta ah inrjredientihus.' which begins November 1. 1581, 
the year of the foundation of the College. This book I have examined. 1 tran- 
scribe the first two names in the list headed, ' From Oct. 25, 1G27.' The payment 
on entrance seems to have been, for a fellow commoner, who is styled 'Mr.,' 
£5 ; for a pensioner 10 shillings, and for a sizar 2s. 6d. Thus Harvard is shown 
to have been a pensioner. 

' from Oct. 25, 1627 
Edmond Spinckcs Ootob. 25, Lincolneshire 0. 2.6 

John Harverd Midlsex : Decemb. 19 0. 10. ' 

"The list has been conjectured to be a summary of previous more detailed en- 
tries, but I found no sufficient evidence to support this conjecture. 

" It seems to me that, in this Harvard matter, confushm has arisen througli lack 
of accuracy in designating things, and in particular that the word ' Regi-tor " iias 
been, and is often, used inexactly. ' Matriculation ReL'ister of Emmanuel Cullc^e ' 
is wrong. Matriculation is an act, the record of which is kept by tlic Lniversity, 
and ni.'t by the ('ol'fge of t!ie person matriculatin:z. Earh C.IIlu'i; keeps an X Juii.-,- 
sion Register. I)ut that of Einmanuol is not exi-ting for ilarvard"= date. Ti;e ' Re- 
cepta ab ingredientibus ' is the sole contemporary record of the kind which the Coi- 



ITOX 



10-4 I^otes and Queries. [Jan. 

lege possesses. The Matriculation Register — which by the way I do not find has 
ever neen CDnsulted on thi-^ point — is nut a book of sii;uaturcs, whereas the Sub- 
Kcrintion Book, as its name implies, consists of nuthin^ but sii:natures. 

**'i hope in due course we shall liave a satisfiictory volume touching John Har- 
vard wiiicli will comprise all tiiat is knowu of him, botfi on tiiis side and on yours. 
It is a rrreat mistake to isolate such a man. W'e want to know iiis surroundings, 
and to have grouped a'jout him. for instance, his CLnitemporaries at Emmanuel. I 
will give you an instance of wiiat 1 mean by referring to two of those contempora- 
ries. One is Sancroi't, wli>>se name is specially a>sociated with Emmanuel, of 
which he became blaster. Later still he was Archbi-hop of Canterbury, and was 
chief of tiie Seven who were sent to the Tower by James II. In spite ot this hard 
usage he refused to swear allegiance tj William III., was deprived and retired to 
a small patrimony at Fressinatield in Suffilk. Here he died. This on one side. On 
the other was Whiehcote, he having taken his degree, and therefore having sub- 
scribed to the above described 'three articles.' was not only a good puritan, but 
was 60 good a republican that, th;>nks to the favor of the Cromwellites, he became 
the intended Provost of Kings, :.nd thus had under his care that grandest monu- 
ment of English ecclesiastical arciiitecture in its latest development — royal not 
alone in its luundt'r and in its benefactors, but in itself — King's College Chapel. 

" This kind of matter would add, I think, much to the interest of any biography 
of Harvard, i'iie influence of Emmanuel upon tlie University at large was great 
during the puritan sway. It furnished, if I remember, not fewer than twelve heads 
of Houses, most of whom, if not all, had, of course, to retire at the restoration." 

The entry in tlie " Reccpta," in which Harvard is recorded as of ^tliddlesex, 
caused some to think that Col. Clie^ter was wrong when he exj)resscd the opinion 
that he was a son of Robert Harvard of S luthwark in Surrey (Reg. sssvi. 319) ; 
but Mr. Waters's researches furnish a sufficient explanation. After Robert Har- 
vard's death his widow married John Elletson. of London. Though John Harvard 
wa>i not matriculated at Cambridge Uioveisity till a year after his step-father's 
deatli. it is proi>ahle that his mother continued to reside in London till her mar- 
riairi't) Richard Yearwood, and tiiat she resided there when the above entry was 
made. — Edito.^. 



"Wood. — Rev. Abner Morse in his History of Sherborn, p. 204, sa3"s that Eleazer, 
6on of Nicholas Wood, horn 1662, died 1704. " m. Dorotha , perhaps Bad- 
cock, from Milton, and daughter of George Badcock." There is no Dorothy Badcock 
on th«j Milton rtcord- that this could have been. " He had Dorotha. wlio m. Capt. 
John Ware Senr. of Wrentham Dcc. 21, 1709 Hannah, b. 1663, ni. Capt. Jo- 
seph Ware 1703." The John Ware here mentioned was the father of Hannah's 
husband Joseph ; as he was 63 years old at this time, and as there appears to be 
no record of any Dorothy among ELazer's children, it seems more probable that, 
like some other men of his time. Jolin Ware married his son's mother-in-law ; that 
is, Eleazer Wood's widow, not his daughter. £. f . Ware. 



Palmer, Kent and Prehcott.— Goodwin in his work states that Elizabeth [Pal- 
mer], the second wife of Joseph Kent, of Suffield (born Feb. 26, 1709-10), was born 
8 August, 1718. The Town Record, however, reads .... " Timothy Palmer 2d and 

Abigail Allen were joyned in marriage April ye Bth 1703" and, after naming 

other children, " Elizabeth was born August ye 14th 1713." The Town Rec- 
ord gives also tlie following birth-dates oi her children : 
Abisail 2 Nov. 1751. 
Elizabeth 20 Feb. 1752-3. 
Lydiu 26 Feb. 1757. 

Timothy^ Palmer, 2d, was the son of Timothv'* Palmer, who was the son of Tho- 
mas' uf Rowley, 1639. 

In the Presciitt Genealogy, p. 248 (Part II.), No. 153, 7, an error occurs, the re- 
p»--arclies of tfie Itev. AVilliam Ciiurchiil Reade of Candia having proved that John 
Pre-eott, born Sept. 14, 1746. married Patience Palmer (born about 1755, died 
• 12 Dec. 1819, aged 64 years ") and had by her 

Jesiali. b.)rn c.bout 1776 (wfiose bodv was exhumed), who died 28 Sept. 1820. 

1 n-rilla, b.jrn 17>1. died sin.lo 2 Aug. Ie50. 

Jajuts, born 17b9, died 22 Nov. ibOO. 



1886.] 



J^otes and Queries. 



105 



Patience was the dau-hter of Den. Stephen* Palmer (by Priscilla his wife) he 
being the son ot limothy,^ the son olThomasr- the sou of Thomas^ of Rowley 1(339 
from Dea. btephen the Hon. Albert Palmer, mavor of Boston 16ti 
^' ' '■" " Stsji^uLu/ Joseph,* Joseph, « Albert J 



line ruuciti; 



ey, 
is descended 



Norwich, Ct. 



Frank Palmer. 



British Stamp for America, 1705. -A facsimile of the stamp for the British colo 
les, issued under the act of March -J-.^, 1765, is given in the ^^ „" 

,„.„;„ It was engraved tor the " Centennial of the In- r^GSJSi^^ 



Dies, 
margin. 

corporation of Charleston, S. C," I6S3,and waVloaned^to 
Mr. Colburn of the publishing committee by the tlon. 
'W illiam A. Courtenay, mayor of that city. The following- 
description of the stamps is copied from the American 
Journal of Numismatics, July, 1SS5, p. GO: 

They were embossed on "a coarse, bluish paper, and 
bore the device of the English rose, crowned, surround- 
ed by the motto of the Garter. At the left of the 
crown was the letter A. Above was the word America, and 
below, the value. On the face of the stamp at the right will 
be observed an oblong space, showing where a piece of 
lead or tin was inserted, bv which the stamp was attached --— .-ziz--' 

to the document, passing through them both, and covered behind by' a counter- 
Ftamp, somewhat smaller, bearing the device of a crown and the cypher G R This 
counter-stamp M;as printed on similar, bat usually white, paper. An iUus'tra'tion of 
a smaller denominationis given in Lossing's " Field Book of the Revolution," vol 
11. ; but it lacks the word • America.' which will be observed on this " 

These stamps are rare ; but the Hon. Dr. Samuel A. Green, librarian of the 
Massachusetts Historical Society, has three specimens, and that society has three 

Ten years before the famous "Stamp Act" of 1765, the Province of Mn^sachii- 
setts passed a somewhat similar act, which is printed entire in the Register for Julv 
1860, vol. XIV pp._2t)/-,0, with descriptions of the stamps issued under it. The 
act was passed at tae January session of the General Court, 1755. and was to con- 
tinue in force two years. Holmes, lo his "Annals of America," placed the act 
under the year lyo9, an error which has been followed by later writers. 




A IsEw Word (Totalling). -The tendency to coin new words is not confined to 
the makers of "slang.' The latest coinage is the word " totallincr," as a nre- 
r^A^^'rv'P^V.cQ-'"'"''^''^ '-si^ninnngup." So far as appears! the London 
Ulobe of ^ov. 16, l88o, is responsible for this illegitimate and unnecessary word 



Mrs. Sarah (Chaplin) Rockwood, a native of Groton, Mass., where she was bom 
on xNov. 8, U>,o celebrated her centennial birthday at Cortland, Cortland County, 
^. y. Her fatherwas the Rev. Dr. Daniel Chaplin (H. C. 1772), who wa^ settled 
over the First Parish in Groton for half a century, and her mother was Susanna, 
daughter of the Hon. James Prescott, and a niece of Col. William Prescott. the 
commander of the American forces at the battle of Bunker Hill. Mrs. Rockwuod 
still takes an interest in public afi'airs and reads the newspapers; and she can 
threadherneedle without the aid of glasses. sag 



Plans OF Towns in JIassachcsetts, 1794.— On June 26, 1794, a Resolve was 
passed by the General Court of Massachusetts, " requiring the inhabitants of the 
several towns and di-tricLs in the Commonwealth, to cause to be taken bv their Se- 
icc men, or some other suitable persons, accurate plans of their respective towns 
and to lodge the same in the Secretary's Office. " It may be of interest for the local 
tistcrians to know that this Re.oive was carried out, and that the various maou- 
Bcnpt plans are still preserved at the State House and open for inspection. 

VOL. XL. 10 ^* ''• *^- 



pr-: .1 &rvtT txria *>*/! 



106 ^^ofes and Queries. [Jan. 

Bkocgrton AXD IlANcrRY. — In tlic Ilcvalds' Visitation of Staffordshire, I'^f^ I, as 
lately printed fur the William Salt Avcha3L)logical Socifty, we tind two hctt'evs in 
New Eniiknd identitied a< belonging to tiio geutiy ot" England. Thomas I'l-ough- 
ton,a son of Edward Broughton, uf Longdon, is meutiuned as •' now residing in New 
England," the t^tatement being made by liis elder brother Edward. William Han- 
bury, a son of John llanbury of ^\\llve^hampton, is said to have " died in Xew 
England," the statement being made by his nephew Franeis. From Savai^e's Dic- 
tionary we learn tiiat Thomas Broughton was ot Watertown and Boston, and Wil- 
liam Hanbury was of Duxbury, Plymouth and Boston, dying in 1650, and •* at P. 
he had the prefix of respect." NVilliau S. Afpletox. 



Relation conxerxixg Nfw England. — The nnmber of the total population of the 
Kew England colonies given in this document, page 72, line 15, should have been 
printed 3000[0]. Sloaue MS. No. 3148 says 3000, -which is evidently an error. This 
is corrected to 30000 in MSiS. Nos. 2505 and 3105. 



Qlt;ries. 

Brush. — Among the Warrants granted by General Howe for the extraordinary 
Expenses of his Majesty's Forces in North America, between the 1st of October, 
1775, and the Slst of December, 1775, was the following : 

" 1775 

Dec. 31. Drawn upon John Garnier, Esq. Deputy-paymaster, Boston, in fa- 
vour of Mr. Crean Brush, £46. 0. 0. Being his pay for taking and receiving into 
his care all such Goods, Chattels, and Effects as may be delivered into liis charge by 
the owners leaving the Town of Boston, from the 1st October to the 31st December, 
1775, being 90 days, at lOs. per diem." 

Can any reader of the Register kindly inform me anything of the movements of 
Mr. Brush, from the adjournment of the General Assembly of New York, in which 
he had been one of the leading members in the spirited opposition of that leu:i-!ative 
body to the measures of the Home Government, in April, 1775, until the lull jwing 
October, when he was in Boston, employed as above stated? DiXTA. 

At home, Nov. 23, 1885. 



Fire in Boston*, 1775. — Among the extraordinary expenses of the Royal Army, 
paid by the Paymaster-general ot his Majesty's forces, between the ninth of March, 
1775, and the thirty-first of January, 1776, were the following : 

" 1776. 
Jan. 8. To JIajor Gen. Carlefcon. to replace sundry accoutrements and 
cloathing belonging to the 47th Reg. of Foot, consumed by fire at 
Boston, in North America, on 17th May, 1775 . . . £316. 19. 5. 

To Messrs. Adair and Bullock, to reimburse the losses sustained by the 
non-commission Officers and Private men of ditto Regiment, whose 
necessaries were consumed by fire at ditto on the I7th of May, 1775, 140. 0. 0. 
To Lieut. Gen. Urm^ton, to replace accoutrements, &c. of the 65th Reg. 
of Foot, consumed by fire at Boston, in North America, on 17th May, 

1775, 477. 4. 3." 

Please state particulars of that fire and the circumstances attending the losses sus- 
tained by the two regiments above named. Delta. 
At home, Nov. 23, 1885, 



William Cun-xinc ham.— Among the AVarrants drawn on John Garnier, Esq., 
Deputy-paymaster, at Boston, by General Ilowe, for the extraordinary tx;)enses of 
his Majesty's Forces in North America, between the firiC of October, 1775. and the 
Slst of December, 1775, was one tj Mr. William Cunningham for £'<\). 0. 0., 
" being his pay fur duing the duty of Provost-martial, frum the fifteentii o? June 
to the thirty-first of December, 1775, being two hundred days, at five shiUiuirs per 
diem." 

This was probably the same William Cunningham who, subsequently, in the 
Bame office of Provost-iuartial, became so conspicuously notorioue in New "York for 



18SG.] JVotes and Queries. 107 

his bnrKarous treatment of the prisoners who were committed totlie Provost-prison, 
now the Hull of Records, in that city. Can any of tlie rca<lers of the Register 
give any particulars of the life of that iuhumau jailor, before he went to Bj-ton, or 
while he was in that tiwn ? Delta. 

Al home, A'oi'. 23, lfc^5. 

Meade — Latham. — In his autobiography and history of the ^Icade family 
(" Chaiuniere Pa}r:rs.''' edited by Henry J. Peet. Esq.) Colonel David 2*ieade 
says : " Andrew ^leade, my paternal srandfather '' — the immigrant ancestor of the 
familj' — " was an Irish Roman Catholic, born in the county of Kerry. Tradition 
saj's he left his native country and went first to London, and from tiience came to 
New York about the latter end of the 17th century. He resided some years in Xew 
York, and there married ^lary Latham, of (,:^'aaker parcnta2;e, and some time after 
he removed to Virginia and settled permanently at the head of navigati^m on •" the 
Nansemond River.'' Bishup Meade auMpted tins statement {^Thc^Old Churches, 
Minist'.rs and Families of Virc/inia, vol. i. pp. 291-2), and adds that Hilary Latham 
•was of Flushing. 

Query : "What was the date of this marriage, and what were the names of Mary 
(Latham) ^leade's parents? 

II. In the abstract of the will of George Fox, and of proceedings had under that 
■will (Reg. Oct. 1SS.3, iip. 327-9). mention is made of Sarah Mf.nfle, a step-daughter 
of Fox, and of her husband William Meade, as of London in IfisS, and, later, as of 
London, SO December. Ifi97. when " ISarah ^Meade. wife of William Meade of the 
parish of S' Dyonis Back church, London, citizen and merchant Taylor uf London, 
did declare that she is of the number of dissenters commonly called (Quakers." 

Query: What, if any, family relation existed between this'Wiiliam Meade, of 
London, and Andrew Meade, named aVjove? 

III. It is of record tliat at least as early as 1713 the aforesaid Andrew Meade 
was a vestryman of Nansemond Parish. He also held various public otnees for 
the exercise of which subscription to the test-oaths was a preliminary requisite. 

Query: (1) When and where did he take the oaths? 

(2.) Is there any evidence that while fic v.-as in London, or in New York where he 
married a woman of " Qiniktr parentage," or after his removal to the " head quar- 
ters " of the Friends in Virginia, he became a recognized member of that religious 
Society? Albert H. Hoyt. 

£oslon. 



IIiLLTER. — Nathaniel Hillj-er was born at Simsbury. Conn., in 1715, and died In 
1784. Can any one give the information whom and when he married, and when 
his wife died? 

Their son Nathaniel married a daughter of David Wilcox, of Granby. What 
was her given name, when was she born, married and died ? 

Hartford, Cl. George E. Hoadley. 




Meade (ante, vol. sxxis. pp. 327, 8, 9, Genealogical Gleanings of 11. F. Waters). 
— In the will of Geurge Fox, the name* of William, iiarali and Nathaniel Meade, 
residents of London, and Quakers in religious belief, appear. 

It is stated by Rev. Piiilip .^ilaucrliter. D.D., in his admirable Memoir of Bishop 
"Wiliam Meadeof Virginia, " Memorial Biographies of the N. E. Hist, and Gen. .'<oc." 
vol. iv. p. 'lot, that Andrew Meade, the anccst.jr of t!ie Virginia himily of the 
name, was a Roman Catholic who " came to New York late in tlic seventceutii cen- 
tury, and married Mary Latham, a Quaker, of Fiusliing." Inasmuch as Andrew 
Meade married a Quaker and settled in a community of that belief, and in consid- 
eration of the fact that " papista " were the abhorrence of the Virginia colonists, 



108 2^otes and Queries. [Jan. 

and were bitterly persecuted, as evidenced by lejal statutes, whilst Quakers were 
tolerated and allowed under certain provisions to hold their meetin;^s, there is some 
reason to presume that the reliijious belief of Andrew Meade may have been mis- 
apprehended. It may be profitable for Mr. Waters to endeavor to ascertain if the 
name of Andrew appears amonij the names of the children of William and Nathan- 
iel Meade, as cited. 

The following grants of land of record in the Virginia Registry may be of inter- 
est in connection with the investiiration : 

Thomas Meads [probably an error in transcription for Meade] and John Phillips, 
1000 acres, " scituate or being on the south side of the tl'rcslies of Rappaiiannock 
river, about sixteen miles above Nanizimun Tuwne," Sept. 17, 1654, Uo.jk No. 3, 
p. 376 ; Andrew Mead, 136 acres '" in the upper parish of Nansimun countv, Feb. 
22, 17:27, Book No. 13, p. ^03. K. A. Ekock. 

Richmond, Va. 



Stark. — Who were the ancestors of John Stark, born March 16, 1761, died March 
29, 1839; married (about 1765) Olive Lothrop, born July 13, 1764, died July 7, 
1825? C. W. Bkyam. 

Granville, Licking Co., Ohio. 



Rev. JonNllASLA^i.— In the year 1821 the Rev. John Ha.slam, of Charleston. S. C, 
received an honorary degree of A.M. from Harvard College. Many years later he 
removed to the ^^est, and tlicn was lost sight of. Can any one tell me whether he 
is still living; and if not, when and where he died? The information is wanted for 
the Quinquennial Catalogue. s. a. g. 



TowxsEXD — Larmo.s'. — Ebenezer Townsend, born in Boston. 1716, married Sept. 
19, 1738, Elizabeth Larmon, who was born Sept. 6, 1718. They removed to New 
Haven about 1740, where they continued to reside. Can any information be given 
concerning her parentage? Frank F. Starr. 

Middletown, Ct. 



RoBixsox. — Information is wanted of the previous history of George Robinson, 
an early settler of Rehoboth, Mass. He married Joanna Ingram, April 18, 1651. 
At what date did he settle at Rehoboth? Charles £. Robinson. 

New York City. 

\yooDTEAR. — Information wanted of an American family named Woodj'ear, 
which settled, I think, in Philadelphia. They came from Rochester and Chatham, 
Kent, England. One of them was a custoras officer in a West India i.^iand — St. 
Kitts or Barbadoes. The first ancestor of this family founded the present line of 
Crookhill, Yorkshire, but the family in America came from a younger san. Any 
information about them, or wiiere to obtain this inturmation, will be acceptable, 
as I am trying to trace this family back to their junction with the main stem, and 
hope to do so ere long. Lambtox Young. 

16 Harcourt Terrace, Radclijfe Sq., London, S. VV. , Eng. 



Hon. JosrrcA Granger Wright. — He lived in Wilmington, N. C. from about 
1750 to 1810, and was fur several years a repre.-entative of that burough : was aL:0 
at his death president of the Bank of Cape Fear. He married about 1750 Susan 
Bradley, and had seven children, all of whom are dead ; but grandchildren are still 
living. Wanted his parentage, birth-place, date of birth and early history. 

W. M. Green. 



_ Walkingame and WAtKiNiiAM. — An early issue of the Engli.sh " N:,tes and Que- 
ries " (1st Series. X. p. 66. and xi. p. 327J asks fur information in a law case in 
^'hich the name Walkin::ham is borne by the defendant, and sugge.-ts that it is pro- 
bably in an American trial. Can any one throw any light upon tiiis? 

^The same publication has several unanswered questions as to the historj' of Fran- 
ce Walkingame, " the Tutor's Asbistant," and others bearing a similar name. It 



1886.] Ifotes and Queries. 109 




there any of tlie name in America? 
Nealh, Svulh Wales 



Sankey. — Is anything knovrn of the history of this family in the United States? 
Besides that hranch represented by the well known " Gospel Singer, "" .Mr. Ira 
David Sankey, tlie name occurs in Philadelphia and elsewhere, I believe. It is 
orif!;inally an ancient house, of that ilk. in Lancashire, circa ICOO A.D. 

In Mutton's " Lists of Emigrants "' [and in the Kegistkr] occurs the fulluwinf' : 
*' Passengers which passed from the Port of London 14 Apr: 1635 in the ' Increase ' 

of London, M'' Robert Lea bounde for New England Robert Sankey ajed 30 & 

others {ante, xiv. 309] . Theis have taken the oaths of allegiance and suprernacve, 
& have brought certificat of their conformaty." And on 13 Oct.: on bo-ird the 
"Amitie," George Downes, master, b.mnd to S^ Christopher, Hamblett Sank'v, a^^ed 
22, is mentioned. [See also Drake's Founders of New England.] This Ila'mlet S. 
is apparently the son of a Dublin clergyman, and identical with one of t;ie ^ame 
name who compiled a "Brooke Pedigree of seveniU places." He signs himself 
"Hamlet Sanckye." He fled to Purtu^al ; and afterwards, apparently"^ emigrated 
on board the " Amity." landing somewhere in the States (as we would now call it). 

About 1797, an Edward Sankey, son of John S. of East Langdon, Kent, bv his 
second wife Jane Rattray, is supp i-ed to liave emigrated to America. He was heir, 
through his mother, to a considerable fortune : but as no'thing could be heard of 
him or his descendants, what remained of it went to distant relatives in England, I 
believe. 

Thus we have a Robert, Hamlet and Edward Sankey — all descended from a com- 
mon ancestor — who at different times left England Vor the States. Can any one 
help me in discovering more concerning the Sankeys in America? 

Neath, South Wales. A. Sidney Gardner. 



Thcrsey. — A gentleman in England wishes information concerning American 
families \>y the names of Tburoby or Thoresby. Address letters to the care of the 
Editor of the Register. 



Replies. 
HcLEX, Union-, Savery (ante, sxxvii. 309-10).— " HeuUin, chez nous, patro- 
nymique etient, est le nom de Parraignee de mer. 

'' Richard Heullin, a cause de sa femme, fille de James le Roy, en son courtil de la 
bailie des hoirs Pierre Bouillon, et en son camp de dedans le courtil James Allez, et 
buttant sur les Landts du Marche.'" (Fieu de Russel, 1611, p. 6.) " Dans le bail- 
liage de Caux, Pan 1470. * Jehan HuUin se presenta en robe, et il lui fut com- 
mande de se mettre en habit sufEsant.' " 

" Les viers Haefilins 
Njouent pas d'leur grins, 
Et Jacqu(jt GuiUe, 
E'prins d' la tile 
D'Gersy (Colas), 
£u aeut sou las, 
Et a Saint-George, 
I s' mit d' bel orge, 
Ou est qui" est Liton ? 
D' Col. CuUeton, 
Non n"en sait guere ; 
Un daeux, n'aguere, 
Le gros bounnuet, 
Eut barouniiet." 
Extract from " Nomenclature Patronymique de Guernesey," par Geo. M.'tivier. 
The following address may be of service to Mr. Hulinir : " Huelin & Le Fcavre, 
proprietors ' Nouvelle Chroni'^ue de Jersey,' office 11 Royal Sq., Jersey, Eng." 
Newton, Mass. Samuel P. May, 

VOL. XL. 11 



.'i.)J Itii 



Jitut-^i 



■r - 



110 Notes and Queries, [Jan. 

CrN-s-vBKLL (flnCc, xxxix. 373).— If he hns not already done so, Mr. Ncwcomb 
BhonKl geek information from Bernardston, Ma<<.. the original " Falistovra, 
crantod to the lie irs of tlie Falls Fiirht soldiers. One of those grantees was Samuel 
Coii'viblc. B. was mv native place, and I well reniem')er in my b^yliood a de- 
scendant of S. C. (and bearing the same name) tellinj; me an o'd traditi m of 
his ancestor, as a man of enericy and expedients, viz., that he brought m the m iple 
Ban one cold spring morning, "in the form vi ice, and, in order to melt it, heaped it 
«' H i n his kettle and contined it there by an old tub without a bottom, set into the 
kettle. This incident was written home to En-land, and it was published in the 
London newspapers that a man in Massachusetts "gathered sap in a basket, and 
boiled it in a tub "! c. c. c. 

Andover, Mass. 

Greenwood (vol. xxxix. p. SSe'l.— Samuel Greenwood died Dec. 10, 1711, aged 
3-1 a few years after his deposition. His widow Phillipe (White) Carter married a 
thi'rd husband. James French. Samuel Phillips, the goldsmith of Salem, alluded 
to in the deposition, had a second wife in April, 1701, widow Sarah Majfield, who 
must be the person referred to. Isaac J. Greenwood. 

216 W. Uth St., jSew York. 



SrRAGrE, Warrkx. Corrin.— In the Register, vol. iv. p.SSQ.is a letter from John 




papers ana letters, looa-y, iroui riaipu cj>i.igut: uuu iii,> >.iit, >.m,i^... .^ .. — .^..^---.j 
Etated tliat her lather had died, and tliat his naine was Richard Warren ; so that 
John Corbin had probably married the widow Warren. 

John Coffix Jones Browx. 



Newgate.— Lechford's Note-Book, as published by the American Antiquarian 
Socitty, requires us to make many corrections to the Genealogical Dictionary of 
New Kncland, some of which are not mentioned by the Editor. Savacre says that 
Theodore Atkinson " came, in the employment of John Newgate, from Bury in co. 
Lancaster," but Newgate's will, as drawn by Leehford, mentions his " Lands and 
Tenements lying in Ilorningerth in the County of Sulf oik." This sh'>ws that John 
Newgate rea'Uy came from Bury St. Edmunds in Suffolk, from whi.:'h Ilorningerth 
or Ilorningsbeath is only two miles distant. W. S. Appletox. 



Historical Intelligence. 

The Ilrci-ENOT Emigration to Virginia.- The Vir:rinia Historical Society an- 
nounces that it will issue early in lbSf>. as its annual publication, " Documents 
lielatinf to the IIu:ruenot Emiirration to Virginia," to form Volume V. of its new 
series oT collections" (edited by R. A. Brock, Esq ), and to be uniform with the pre- 
ceding volumes of the " Spotswood Letters " and the "Dinwiddic Papers." fhe 
documents to compose the prospective volume are of the highest importance and in- 
terest, a maj<jritv of them never having been printed in any form, it is desired tliat 
tiiey shall be ara}ily elucidated by introduction and definite foot notes to tlie text, 
historical and biographical, and, if feasible, by genealogical addenda. Amon^ the 
more familiar names appearing in tlie documents may be mentioned the following: 
Amis, Apperson. Ayer, Allegre, Aramonet, Bernard, Bmdurant, Brian, Cury, Chas- 
tain, DeneiUe, Duval. Dupre, Dupuy (or DuPuy), E.-Iy, Edmon, Elson, Fontaine, 
Flournoy, Faure, Gcdse, Gore, Gillam, Guerrant, (Lunpton (or Hamton), Jourdan, 
Kempe, Lcruy, LeFebre, Leverre, Lesueur, LeGrand, Landon, Loucadou,:Lacy, .Mal- 
let, Michel, Murriset, Maupain, Marye, Morrcl, Martain, Orrinjre, Pasteur, 1 ero, 
Peronet, Parrat, Pankey, Pupham, Rich, Roberd, Reno, bumtur, fcoullie, ialle, 
Soblet, Trabu, Taller. Trent. 

The contribution of data, however meagre, towards some notice of these names, 
or of any others of like origin and connection, or of any document (or copy) relating 
t. tl;e Huguenot settlement in Virginia, is earnestly solicited from those interested. 
Addre.-o the editor, Richmond, Va. 

The publications of the ijociety have been in limited editions for distribution 



r^^ -.rir .•>; h,'\!,:l l,V.: ^ „■ TtM-ft-s;, ,>T 



,r,il>-i ;.>M,',..l ai 



1886.] I^otes ayid Queries. Ill 

amODf; its members and kindred institutions. The annual subscription to the So- 
ciety is $3 — no entrance lee ; life-membership, "^JO. 



Col. Cqester's Oxford JIatricclations and Marriage Licence?, Edited by 
Joseph Foster. — Mr. Fo-ter, the well-known treneaioii^ist, author ot'the British Peer- 
age and Bu-onet;i»e, and other work-;, has recL-n:;y pureliased, at a cost esoeediu^ 
£1000, the late Col. Chester's Oxford Matriculati ms tie^risters, 7 Vols., and .M irriaire 
Licence^. 5 Vols., with the intention of printini^ these intrinsically prioeless MS^. nui- 
formly with the publications of tlie Harleian Sooitty. for the advantaL^e of hiMuimer- 
ous fjeneal.'^rital friends in America, as ameuuru/l .it thegreatand gnod work he did 
for them in England, ile makes this preference l:>ecause, so far as England is con- 
cerned, he would like to retain for himself the m jnopoly of these munu-crints. and 
because he believes the American people will aporeciate the la'tors of their own 
countryman far more fully than Eni^lishmen would, as the proposed work will ena- 
ble them to place printed copies of these distant and inaccessible Old Eu^dand reg- 
isters on the shelves of their very own libraries ready for immediate reference. 
He therefore appeals ti> Americans to reciprocate bi- etlbrts, and hold hiui harudes'3 
from pecuniary lo.ss, by subscribing for -50 copies uf these works, which he desires 
to print or.ly for them. • 

It is obvious that a work on such a scale as this can only be produced at a great 
cost. Including the very heavy sum paid fur Cj!. Cliester's manuscripts, and the 
vast amount of trained labor involved in transcriijinir them fur publication (the an- 
notation the editor propo.-es to do himself as a Ia'>jr of love), the, actual cxpen.-e of 
bringing uut the work is estimated as between two and three thousand p lunds. 
It cannot be expected that so great an expen.=e should be incurred till sutScjent 
promises of support have been received to warrant the editor in putting it in 
hand without prospect of heavy loss. The Oxfn-d Matriculations will be issued 
in two volumes at a subscription price of two guineas. As an indueemeiu tor Col. 
Chester's friends and American genealogists to Cjoperate with the editor, the work 
will be offered at nine guineas to those who subscribe for two copies, and at eight 
guineas to those who sub-cribe for three. 

The Marriage Licences will be issued in five large royal octavo volumes, at £2. 
12s. 6d. a Volume. 

This enterprise is heartily commended by the editor of the Register to the pat- 
ronage of the American people. 

Mr. Foster's address is 21 Boundary Road, London, N. \Y., England. 



Church Bells of ScFroi.K, England. — The Rev. John James Raven, D.D., who 
has recently been appointed to the Vi arage of Fressinglield, near Harleston. Eng- 
land, having now mi. re leisure than his previous duties permitted, has resuiuea his 
labors upon the " Churcii Bells of Sufi'olk," which have long engaged his attention. 
The inscriptions, commemorative o( donors and others, existing on the bells, doubt- 
less preserve man3' old Sutfilk names, and Dr. Raven's recognized qualiUcations for 
the task he has undertaken lead to the belief that his work will be a valuable con- 
tribution to the history ot an English county which is of much interest to us on ihia 
eide of the Atlantic. 



The Bicknells : The 250th Anniversary of their Settlemknt in America. — In 
the year 1635 a company of emigrants from the Counties of Somerset and D .r=et, 
England, under the pastoral care of Rev. Joseph Hail, sailed from Weyiuout'i and 
arrived in New England. The ccjmpany consisted of t%venty-one families, and on 
application to the court sittinir at New Town, July B, they " were allowed to sit 
down at NVet^sac'uscus." n<)W \Ve3un0uth. Of tliis company were Zachary Bicknell, 
age 45. Airnes Bicknell, a:j;e 27, John Bicknell, 11. and their servant John Kitchen. 
Zachary died in 1^36. and Agnes his wife married Richard Rockett, of Braintrce. 

John, the son, married .Mary as his first wife, and Mary Dyer for his ^ccond 

wife. The issue of the two marriages was eleven children, whose descendants now 
dwell in large numbers in the old home town, and others are scattered over the 
continent. In 1678 a family association was fjrmed. with lion. Thomas \V. Bick- 
nell, LL.D., of Bi^ton, president, .\lfred Bickn-ii. E-o., Melrrise. seerrtary, and 
Robert T. Bicknell. E-Mi.. Weymouth, treasurer. Xiiis association lias, tufoui'h its 
historian Quincy Bicknell, Esq., of llingham, collected a large amount of genea- 
logical matter, which will be printed ia due season. The two hundred and fiftieth 



i„.-;.'. ) uuu uj . 



112 2^otes and Queries, [Jan. 

anniversary was celebrated with interesting proceedings in B.^ston, October and 
7, and at Weymouth October 8. Tlie address of welcome was given by Edward 
Bicknell, K-q., of Boston. A paper on tlie Biokuell name was read by Eilery Biok- 
nell Crane, of Worcester, in wliieli he traced the root to De Bee or Becce, ol' Nor- 
mandy ; the word Bicknell lx;ing a compound of Bee. a brook and knoll, a liill ; or 
a brook by the hill. The principal address was given by Hon. Tiionias Williams 
Bicknell, president of the association. Poems v.-ere read from Alfred Bicknell, 
F.sj.. and Mrs. L. M. Hopkins. Rev. George W. Bicknell. of Ljweli, gave an ad- 
dress on the Bicknells in the military service. A family dinner foUowed, with ad- 
dresses and letters from Uon. Marshall P. WildtT, LL.D., Hon. John D. Long, Gov. 
George D. Bobinson. and members of the family. The occasion was one of 
great profit. The addresses will l>e printed by the family, and arrangements will 
be made to publish a family history at an early day. The artistic programme was 
the work ot Frank A. Bicknell, of Maiden. 



Descexdaxts of the Signers of the Declaration oe Independence. — I am pre- 
paring a work to be entitled : "The Signers of the Declaration of Independence 
and their Descendants." It will be of a biographical and genealogical character, 
the fundamental feature, however, being a genealogy of all tiie descendants of the 
fifty-six " Signers " doicn to the pnsait day. The value of such a work, from a 
historical point of view, must be instantly conceded. 

The magnitude of the labor reciuired in the preparation of such a volume will be 
recognized after a moment's reflection. So stuj'cndous is the task that I would not 
presume to undertake it were it nut that I confidently look for the cooperation of 
those descendants of the " Signers " who have it in their power to supply ncces- 
eary data. 

I therefore make this appeal, to wit : that I be furnished, at an early day, witii 
the names and P. O. addresses of all tho.se descendants of "' Signers '" to whose 
notice this statement shall come. All others intere-ted in genealogical matters are 
earnestly requested to favor me with any relevant data or information in their pos- 
eession. 

A'o. 2211 Spruce St., Frank Willing Lkach, 

Philadelphia, Fa, Mem. Phila. Bar, Mem. Hist. Soc. of Pa.. Mem. 

Numis. and Ant. Soc. of Philadelphia, etc. 



IjNPrBLISHED MANrSCRIPTS IN EcROPE RELATING TO AMERICA, 1772-84. — Mr. B. F. 
Stevens, of London, England, has been engaged fur about twenty years in collecting 
unpublished manuscripts relating to the Kevukuir.nary War, from the public and 

f)rivate archives of England, France, Holland and Spain ; and has issued a circular 
etter concerning this great work, and a proof specimen of the proposed form of 
publication. He has " made entries of 60,000 documents within the scope of thi.s 
work, the great majority of which have never been published. This collection of 
manu-scripts is of priceless value, and the history of the Revolution can never be 
properly written till the papers are acce.'^sible to -tudents. 

Mr. Stevens desires that the United .States government should aid him in hi= great 
undertaking. We trust that an appropriation will be made sufficient to place print- 
ed copies of these documents in the libraries of this country and in the hands of our 
tistorians. 



Genealogies in Preparation. — Persons of the several names are advised to fur- 
nish the compilers of these gencalooies with records of their own families and other 
information which they think will be useful. We would sug2est that all lacts of 
interest illustrating family history or character \>e comiuunieated. especially service 
under the U. S. government, the holding of other oiliees, graduation from college 
or professional scliools, occupation, with places and dates of births, marriaires, resi- 
dence and death. AVhen tliere are more than or,e christian name they siiould all 
1x5 given in full if possible. No initials should be used when the full names are 
known. 

Ballard. By C. F. Farlow. of Newton, Mass. — Mr. Farlow has much material 
concerning the descendants of ^\'iiliam and Grace Ballard, of Andover, and cviicits 
ialormation from parties interested. 



.^.">iv7 .-.I', :::,w auj "zci'-s: vi 









1886.] /Soci'elies and their Proceedings. 113 

Eliot. By Rev. John £. Elliott, of Bridirewater, Ct.— Mr. Elliott is collectin:^ 
facts in regard to tlio^e who have the surname of Eliot, Elyot, Elyott, Elliot or 
Elliott. He will furnish circulars ti> applicants. Any facts concerning persons of 
this name in any of its various spelling-, will he thankfully received. 

Foster. By Paymaster Joseph Foster, U.S.N., Naval Asylum, Piiiladelphia, Pa. 
— The book which will s i. ai he put to press will he entitled " The Grandchildren of 
Col. Joseph Foster; his Lilc and Ancestors '" — it being the second edition, revised 
and much enlarged, of •" Tiie Cirandchildren of Col. Joseph Foster, ot Ipswich and 
Gloucester, Mas.s., 1730-1.^01," noticed in the October Register. It will be for 
the interest of every descendant to have his or l;er name inserted. 

Harris. By C. F. Farlow, of Newton, Mass. — A history uf the descendants of 
John and Amy (Hills) Harris, of Charlestown, is in preparation. Persons inter- 
ested are requested to lurnish records ot this family. 

Jessup. By Rev. Henry G. Jesup, of Dartmouth College, Hanover, N. H. — This 
work will include a liistory of Edward Jes.<up of West Farms, Westchester Coun- 
ty, N. Y., and a geneal(>g:c;U record of his descendants of all names. Information 
is solicited as to other fauulies of the same name, of which tliere are several in this 
countrj- and Canada, especially as to what is known ot tlieir Euiilish ancestry. 

Kimball. By Leonard .V. Morrison, A.^il., of Windham, N. H., author of " His- 
tory of the Morrison Family. "" — Mr. Mjrrison is preparinir a History and Genealogy 
of the Kimball Family — descendants of Richard,^ of Ipswich, Mass., and requests 
all pos^ible information, from any source, in regard to the genealogy and history of 
the family. 

Robinson. By Charles E. Robinson. Boulevard and 117th Street, New York 
City. — This book, cow preparing for publication, will be devoted to the descendants 
of George Robinson, an early settler of Rehoboth, Mass. 



SOCIETIES AND THEIR PROCEEDINGS. 

New-E.\gl.\nd Historic GENEALOGic.iL Society. 

Boston, Massachuset/s, Wednesday, September 2, 1855. — The first meeting after 
the summer recess was held at 3 o'clock this afternoon at the S>?iety's House, 18 
Somerset Street, the president, the Hon, Marshall P. \Yilder, Pa.D., LL.U., in the 
chair. 

Hon. Thomas Weston, of Newton, read a paper on " Peter Oliver, the last Pro- 
vincial Chief Justice of Massachusetts." Thanks were voted to Mr. Weston for 
the paper. 

John Ward Dean, the libr^irian, reported 137 volumes and 610 pamphlets as di> 
nations for the quarter ending Sept. 1. 

Rev. Increase N. Tarb.jx, D.D., reported memorial sketches of nine deceased 
members, namely: Ex-President Ulys-es S. Grant, William Parsjns, .Manning 
Leonard, Hon. Charles R. Train, Ebenezei B. Towne, George K. Snow, Rev. Sam- 
uel i. Prime, D.D., Franklin B. Hough, M D., and Hon. Tfiomas W. Bartley. 

The following nominating c unmittee for the ensuing year was chf>sen, namely : 
Jeremiah Colburn, Rev. Dr. Increase N. Tarbox, Hon. Charles L. Flint, Henry E. 
Waite and George K. Clarke. 

Oct. 7. — A quarterly meeting was held this afternoon, President Wilder in the 
chair. 

Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, t'le corresponding secretary, announced and exhibited 
BOme of the more im[>ortant donations. 

Hon. Charles Crowley, of LnvcU, read a paper on William Tyndill, the reformer 
and martyr, and the translator of the Bible into English. Thanks were voted for 
the paper. 

The deaths of the Hon. Thomas Talbot and Henry Edwards were announced, and 
committees were appointed to prepare resolutions. 

The corresponding secretary reported leif-rs accepting the membership to which 
they had been elected, from Sir Theodore Martin, of London, as a corresponding, 
and Harrie C. Brownell, of Newtonville, as a resident member. 

The librarian reported as donations in September, 11 volumes and 56 pamphlets. 

VOL. XL. 11* 



' HI HUT ax A 






fv!.' 'itt/.-j I ill; i -i.'i i.'onor 






114 Societies and their Proceedings. [Jan. 

The historiographer reported memorial sketches of two deceased members — Ucnry 
Edwards and Ihm. Edward A. Rollins. 

John Ward Dean, Rev. Lucius R. Pai^e, D.D., Rev. Edanind F. Slafter, Jere- 
miah Colburn, William B. Trask, ilenry H. Edes, Henry E. Waite and Francis E. 
Blake were chosen the publishing committee. 

Nov, 4. — A stated meeting was held this afternoon, President Wilder in the 
chair. 

Rev. Henry A. Hazen reported resolutions on the death of Ex-Gov. Talbot, and 
Rev. Edmund F. Slafter on Henry Edwards, which resolutions were unanimously 
adopted. 

The corresponding secretary announced donations. 

Prof. E. N. Horsford. of Cambridge, read a paper'on "The Indian Names of 
Boston," which paper is printed in this number of the Register, pp. 93-103. 
Thanks were voted to Prof. Horsford. 

The recording secretary. D. G. Ha.-kins, Jr., read a paper prepared by Miss Fran- 
ces B. James, now in England, as a supplement to her paper last June. It is en- 
titled, " Concerning John Harvard's signature at Cambridge, Enirland." It was 
printed entire in the Boston Evening Transcript, Nov. 11, 1885. Thanks were 
voted for the paper. 

The librarian reported as donations in October, 33 volumes and 744 pamphlets. 

The corresponding secretary reported letters accepting the membership to which 
they had been elected, from Capt. Asa Bird Gardner, LL.D., U.S.A., of New York, 
Gen. Charles "W. Darling of Utica, and Francis Grigson of London, as correspond- 
ing ; and Elihu Chauncey of New York and Daniel W. Baker of Boston, as resi- 
dent members. 

December 2. — A stated meetintr was held this afternoon. In the absence of Presi- 
dent Wilder, the Rev. Edmund F. Slafter was chosen president pro tern. 

Important donations were announced by the corresponding secretary. 

Gen. James Grant Wilson, of New York, read a paper on Commodore Isaac Hull. 
Remarks were made by several members, and thanks were voted to Gen. Wilson. 

The corresponding secretary report-.-d letters accepting resident membership to 
■which they had been elected, frum Rev. Carlton A. Staples, of Lexington, and Ben- 
jamin C. Clarke and ^lajor Edward B. Blasland, of Boston. 

The librarian reported 18 volumes and 63 pamphlets as the donations for the 
month. 

The bistoriographer reported memorial sketches of ten deceased members — Hon. 
Edward A. Rollins, Henry Edwards, Townsend Ward, William R. Lawrence, M.D., 
Hon. Edward Lawrence, Samuel T. Champncy, John A. Lewis, Samuel T. Bent, 
Charles O. Whitmore and William W. Tucker. 

On motion of Rev. William C. Window, a vote of consrratulation was passed to Dr. 
Conrad Leemans of the Leyden University, the head of its Museum of Antiquities, 
on the intended celebration, the nest day (Dec. 3), of the fiftieth anniversary of his 
connection with the university. 

Rhode Island IlrsTORiCAL Society. 

Providence, Tuesdai/, Oct. 6, 1835.— A quarterly meeting was held this evening 
at the society's Cabinet in Waterman Street, the president, Prof. William Gam"^ 
mell, LL.D., in the chair. 

Hon. Amos Perry, the secretary, read the correspondence since the last meeting. 
Letters were received from Albert Jay Jones of Rome, Italy, and Samuel Briggs of 
Cleveland, Ohio, accepting corresponding membership to which thev had been elect- 
ed, and from the Northern Society of Antiquaries, Copenhagen, relauve to the death 
of its distinguished vice-president Worsaae. 

Mr. Perry, as librarian, reported that 89 volumes and 392 pamphlets had been re- 
ceived as donations. 

Mr. Perry then read a paper entitled, A Sketch of some of the Incidents in the 
Dorr War. 

B. B. Hammond, chairman of the committee annninted tn dpvisp. nlnna f,,7- ^he 

t 

ot June, and that the Burnsiie statue will be dedicated about the -JOth of the j>re- 
vious month. Thcie celebraciuDS wiU be near each other, but not in contlict. The 
report recommended that a committee be appointed to confer with the committee of 



1886.] N'ecrologij of Historic Genealogical Society. 115 

the City Council upon a plan for the celebration, and cooperate with it in re:;ard 
thereto. The report was accepted, and the same committee was authorized to act in 
thi^ matter for the society. 

KLsolutiun-s were unaniiuously adopted approving of John Osborne Austin's Gen- 
ealogical Dictionary of Rhode Island, now in preparation. 

Nov.i. — A stated meeting; was held this evening. William Gammell, LL.D., 
president of the society, delivered a scholarly address on " Tlie Iluguen.jts and the 
Edict of Xantes." After remarks by Rev. J. G. Vose and Dr. 0. W. Parsons 
thanks were unanimously voted to Pruf. Gammell. The paper is printed in lull in 
the Providence Evening Bulletin, Nov. 4, 18S5. 

Chicago Historical SociEir. 

Chicago, 111., Oct. 20, 1SS5. — A quarterly meeting of this society was held in its 
hall, 140-42 Dearborn Avenue. 

Hon. E. B. AVashburne. the president, occupied the chair. The librarian, Albert 
D. Hager, made his quarterly report, liy which it was shown that 39-2 bound vol- 
umes and 105S pamphlets Isad been added during the quarter. These, added to the 
former accessions, make a total of 11.571 bound books, and .3.5, 121 pamphlet^. Of 
these llOS had been purchased with the income of the " Lucretia Pond Fund.'' 

The librarian made special mention of the generous contributions by the lihrari- 
ans from the duplicates ot the Wiscon-in, Minnesota and .Massachusetts IIi<t..ricaI 
Societies, the Boston Public Library. Mussachusetts State Library and several east- 
ern Colleges that had obIuin:j;ly furnis'ned series of the catal.)u'ues, addixsses. itc. 
He reported that 062 volumes had been h.)und during the past summer, and a far-^-e 
portion of tiiem were composed of pamphlets and the publications of sister societies, 
scientific and literary associations and newspaper hies. 

Mr. Henry H. Hurlbut was then introduced, and read an intere-'^ting paper on 
Samuel de Champlain, and at the conclusion he presented to the society an oil por- 
trait of the great explorer which had been painted by his daughter. Miss Harriet P. 
Hurlbut. The snciety's thanks wei-e tendered, and a request made tliat a copy of 
the paper be furnished for publication. 

Virginia Historical Societv. 
Richmond, Oct. 17, IS55.— A meeting of the executive committee was held this 
evening at the society's rooms in the Westmoreland Club House. 
Valuable donations were announced. 

_ Mr. Brock stated that ihe. recent circular of the society announcing the prepara- 
tion of " Documents relating to the Huguenot Emigration to Virginia " had eli- 
cited a iiumbcr of gratifying rcspon.ses. 



NECROLOGY OF THE XEW-EXGLAXD HISTORIC 
GEXEALOGICAL SOCIETY. 

Prepared by the Rev. Ixceease N. Tarbox, D.D., Historiosrapher of the Socictj. 

The historiographer would inform the societv, that the sketches pre- 
pared for the Register are necessarily brie'f in consequence of the 
limited space wliich can be appropriated. All the facts, however, lie is 
able to gather, are retained in the Archives of the Society, and will aid in 
more extended memoirs for which the " Towne Memorial Fund," the ^ift 
of the late William B. Towne, A.M., is provided. Four volumes, priiued 
at the charge of this fund, entitled " Memorial Biogr.vpities," edited by 
the Committee on Memorials, have been issued. They contain memoirs of 
all the member.s who have died from the organization of tlie society to the 
year 18G2. A fifth volume is in preparation. 



■iii; ' ' I.'- 






' t : I : .-i:.:i! J 



IIG Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. [Jan. 

George Molvtfort, Esq., i.f Boston, a rcsMent member, died in tliis city, W«d- 
ne^hv mornitv, May -.28, l8-i. aired 8ti. He was a son uf Joseph Moiintiort, 
aud vvt-5 '"HI m Pi-in>^e Street. B .<t m, Mireh IG, ITUS. Ho was the tifth venera- 
tion in descent from Eimund^ .Mounttort, wiio came to New Eu;?land in If.jh and 
settled at Boston ; throu^'h Jo!m,- horn Feb. S. 1670 ; Joseph.^ b>.rn April lO. 1, 13, 
and Joseoh,* bjrn Feb. 3. ITJO. The last named, who was Mr. Mountfort s father, 
was one of the faoous " tea party " of December 16, 1773 ; was a zealous patriot 
throu-hoat the Revolution, and served under comman.l ot tlie gallant (.'oraiii ..lore 
Manlv in several severe sea enirageuients. It is said that he was thrice taken pri- 
soner' and' on one nccasion, with sixteen otliers, broke from prison and in an open 
boat crossed the English Cnannel to France, whence be returned to Boston m the 

Deane frigate. , r ^» j r^ w i 

The early education of George Mountfort was at the school of Madame Dobel, a 
foreign lady, in Hanover Street, B )ston. Afterwards he attended the Eliot School 
in Bennett Street, and Nathaniel Bridge's Academy in Salem Street. At ail these 
schools he received tokens of commendation for good behavior and sehi.larship. On 
leavino- school he served two years as a clerk in the counting-room oi John Han- 
cock, nephew of Governor Hancock, on Hancock's Wharf, Boston: and nni-hed 
his mercantile education in the British commercial house of John II. Keia A: Co., 
of Savannah, Georgia. He was afterwards corresponding clerk tor Naylor. Ilutch- 
in=on Vicker & Co?. New York, and nest chief buuk-keeper for tlie commissi. m and 
shipping house of De Peyster & Whitmarsh in that city. After leaving to is firm 
he engalred in the commi.-sion business on his own account in New luri. at rso. 
110 Front Street. About the vear 1S44 he returned to Boston. Here Iil- earned 
on business first at 16 Commercial Street, and afterwards at 134 State Street. Dur- 
in<> his residence here, we are informed that he procured the charter and aiued in 
eeUiblishinf the Gas-Ligbt Company of Lowell, and also aided in founding tiie Gas- 
light Company of St. Juhn. N. B. He afterwards was the agent ot the -Massic 
Falls Cuttun arid Battinar Company of Lowell. ^ 

On the Ifith of May, lS.30, he was appointed, by Pre?ident Taylor, United States 
Consul for the Island of Candia, which position he held till Anga.-t, 1859. In re- 
turning to the United States he passed tliroui^h a portion ot Greece, vi^-ited the 
Ioniau°I;lands, Tiieste, Venice. Milan and Turin, erussed Mt. Cenis into Switzer- 
land, and visited Paris and London and the principal manufacturing cities of 

England. . r>. ^ -u ■ u 

He was a frequent writer for the newspapers and magazines. Contn'outions by 
him appeared in the Boston Gazelle when published by Beals& Homer: in the 
Boston Post, the Daily Bee, and the Evening Transcript. Before he letc Boston 
for the consulate in Candia he contributed articles to several newspapers in sup- 
port of the Native American {larty. His communications to The Signal and 1 he 
Eagle were under the signatures of " Justitia," "North End" and •' Scventy- 
Six." In 1842 he wrote fur " Hunt's Merchants' Magazine,"' a life of John Han- 
cock, the first sianer of the Declaration of Independence, which was rep'.jhlished 
in book form at New York by Saxton & Miles. Several articles by him have ap- 
peared in the Register. In lbfi7 and li(iS he published weekly, for eight con- 
eecutive months, in the Bunker Hill Aurora, a " History ot the Island ot Can- 
dia." A copy of this work is in tiie society's library, presented by him. Hi.s offi- 
cial reports on the commercial resources of Candia were printed by the United 
States (government in tl.e vulunies on the '-Commercial Relations with Foreign 
Nations!" volumes 3 to 7. In 18J0 he received the fir^t three degrees of Mas .nry m 
Massachutetts Lod::e. Boston, and on the 1-t of October, 18.55, was adraittt d a cor- 
responding member of i\.e New England Historic Genealogical Society ._ Tins mem- 
bership was ciiauL^ed to resident in Jan., 186-2. He was a member of the New England 
Society of New York. In consequence of his acceptable course in pn-moting the 
commercial interests of the Uland of Candia during his nfficial and mercantile resi- 
dence there, and for not comi>romieingthe neutrality ot his consular flag in that re- 
gion of political intriL^ue and bribery, the sultan Abdul Aziz conferred up -n jnm in 
July, 1870, the rank and decoration of the Imperial order of Mcdidich or KniL^ht- 
hood. The decoration and the accompanying berat or diploma were bciueathed 
by him to this society. 

Bg John Ward Dean, A.M., of Boston. 

Hon. George Parkm.vn Denny, of lijston, a life member, admitted Dec. P, 1870, 
was born in Boston, May 10, 1&26, and died suddenly in the eame city at Hotel 
Bristol, Jan. 23, 1885, aged 58. 



n 'u /;,. 



1886.] Necrology oj Historic Genealogical Society. 117 

In the early life of the deoca>et.i. his father, George Denny, Rsq., removed from 
Bo?tijn to Westhoro'. The Denny mansion was in the soutli-east part of the village 
of \\ estboro", and the life -witluQ it was not siiowy, but very solid and suljstantial. 
The tie which led the family to \Vestboro', and "held it there for many voir?, is 
found probably in the middle name of the subject of this sketch. Ehenezer Park- 
man was the first minister of West'oro', havini: been settled there in 17-21, an i con- 
tinuing till his death in ITS-J, fifty-nine years. ''Mrs. George Denny was a Parkman, 
a granddauirhter of this early minister, and it was a connection which her descend- 
ants regarded as highly honorable, as it truly was. 

Mr. Denny, after passing his childhood and youth at Westboro', returned to 
Boston when he was about twenty years of aire, and became a partner in the old 
firm, which began as Denny & Dutton in ISoit, and has passed through many 
changes to bring it to the firm name which it nv,v bears of Dennv,Rice k Co. Gov. 
Gardiner was once a member of the firm, and retired in ISofi, when he was elected 
governor of Massachusetts. Mr. Horace McFarland, deceased, was ibr many years 
connected with the house. 

During the war of the Piebellion he was for a time connected with the army. 

The Boston Daily Adcerliser, of Jan. 24, 1S55, has an obituary article upon Mr. 
Denny, from which we make the followina extract : "Mr. Denny was married, 
when about twenty-five years old. to Miss Nancy Adams Briggs, daughter of Dr.' 
Briggs, of Augusta, Me., by whom he had one son, Mr. Arthur B. Denny. Mrs. 
Denny died in August, lSS-2. and his son is the only survivor of his familv. Mr. 
Denny was prominent in social as well as financial circles. At the time of his 
death he was president of the Art Chib, to which position he had just been reelect- 
ed, after having filled the office fjr a number of vears. He was a member of the 
Loyal Legion, the Commercial Club, the Board of Trade, a director in the Revere 
Bank and the president of the Sutiblk Cattle Company of Cheveune, Wy. lie was 
a pruminent member of the Emmanuel Church, iiaving held the oflice of treasurer 
for many consecutive years, and at the time of his deceal^e was one of the vestrymen. 
His circle of friends and acquaintances was very lar^e, and his death will leave a 
vacancy that cannot be filled. He was an exc'eedingly genial man and a great fa- 
vorite with all who knew him." 

Mr. Denny's earliest American ancestor was Daniel Denny, who arrived in 
Boston in September, 1715. Two years later he removed to Leicester, Mass., where, 
it is believed, he made his home till his death in 1760. 

Stephen- Buttrick Notes, A.B., of Brooklyn, N. Y., a corresponding .member, 
admitted January 10, 1S59, was born at Brooktield, Mass., August 28,' 1633, and 
died at Deland, Florida, .March S, l^io, aged 51. 

His father was the Ptev. George Rapall Noyes. D.D., the distinguished profassor 
of Hebrew and other oriental languages in Harvard Divinity School, from 1610 to 
1868. In earlier life he had been pa-tor at BrLKjkfield and Petersham, and it was 
during his pastorate at Brooktield that his son Stephen was born. The father was 
born in Ncwburyporc, Mass., .March H, 1798, and died in Cambridae, June 3, 1SC>8. 

Living in his lather's house at Cambridge, the subject of this sketch enjove-d 
every facility for early culture. He was graduated at Harvard College at the a2:e 
of twenty, in 1S53. He had among his classmates President Charles William Lliot, 
Prof. Sylvester Waterhouse, Prcf. James M. Pierce and William L. Gage, D.D. 
_ Soon after leaving college he beg-in to reveal decided tastes and capacities as a 
librarian and bibliophili<t. Five years after graduating he was put in charize of 
the Mercantile Library of Brooklyn, having then only about 3000 volumes. Such 
evidence did he so(jn give of ability in this department, that he was called away to 
the Congressional Library at \Va^!lington, and for some years was there emploved. 
But the managers of the Brooklyn Library so much felt his loss that they prevailed 
upon him to come back. His irreat work as a librarian was really done in Brook- 
lyn, though he wrou^^ht faithfully and well at Washington. The Brooklyn Library 
ot 3000, bch^re he left it grew to 63,000. The catalogue which he prepared of this 
Brooklyn Liljrary, and which wa^ [lubilshed a short time before his death, is re_'ard- 
ed a.s Something n'-w and original, and marking an era in publications of this class. 

His earlie^-t American ancestor was Kev. Nicholas' Noyes, colleague with Rev. 
Thomas Parker in the ministry at Newbury, M;u-s., 1635. From him the line runs 
through Cutting^ Noye«, burn IfSl'.J; Cutting.^ Jr.. born 1077; Jacob. < born 1704; 
Joseph,* born 1730 ; Nathiuiiel.« b..rn 1703 :"<;eori'e Rapall.'' born 17'.).-^. Ti^e last 
named was married May a, lt2o, to Miis Eliza Wiieeler Buttrick, of Franiingham. 



118 jSFecrology of Historic Genealogical Society. [Jan. 

From this marriage there were seven children, of wliom Stephen Buttrick* wa? the 

Stephen B. Noyes was united in marriage. October 20. 1770, with Sophia U. 
Anthony, daughter of Edward Anthony, of Brooklyn. From this maniage tr.ero 
■were two children, Annie Anthony and George Holland. The wife died \\\ lc;73, 
and tlie son about three years ago. 

In lSS-2. June 14, he was again married to Susan W. Wylie. dauirhter ot James 
"W'ylie, of Brooklyn. From this marriage there was a son, who, with bis mother 
and his sister by the former marriage, survive. 

Rev. Samuel Irexxts Prime, D.D.. of New York, a corresponding member, ad- 
mitted June 8, 1855. was born at Ballston, N. Y.. Nov. 4, 1812, and_died in Man- 
chester, Vt., where he had gone for his summer sojourn, July 11, 1SS5. 

His earliest American ancestor was James Prime, one of the company that found- 
ed Milford, Ct., in 1640. Dr. Prime's great-grandlather was PvCV. Ebenezer. whv> 
was graduated at Yale College in 17 IS. and was settled the year following, 1719. at 
Huntingt(jn, L. I., where he remained just fifty years, dying in 177'.). A son ot his was 
Benjamin Young Prime. M.D., who was graduated at Yale in 1700. He wa.- a man 
of varied learning and of considerable literary ability. He was a youth of iifuen 
at the breaking out of the revolutionary war. and during the war wasknown for 
his patriotic songs. A son of Benjamin was Rev. Nathaniel Scadder Prime, LVD., 
who was educated at Princeton. He was a distinguished PresbyturianjniuLster, 
and like his father and grandfather was a man of letters. He died in 185G. 

Coming from such an" ancestry, it was natural that the subject of this sketcti 
should iiTherit a taste for books and literary studies. He bad a taste^f'»r the lan- 
guages in early life, and made rapid progress in them. He entered ^\ illiams Coi- 
lege'^at the age of thirteen, and was graduated in IS29, at the ai^e of seventeen. 
This was a common age for graduation at Harvard College in the I7th century, but 
in this century it is rare to find college graduate- of only seventeen years of age. 

Dr. Prime's early ministry was irregular becau.se of ill health, but his life-work 
has been that of an editor. He is known to the world through the columns of the 
A'euJ York Observer, with which he has been for many years connected. His pre- 
sence and activity there have been manifest in almost every issue of the p.vocr. 
Though not a profjund thinker or writer, there was a class of subjects, literary, 
bioTrapliicai, historical, religious, which he touched with a flowing and easy pen, 
ancfhis articles on such subjects were almost always found readable. They had a 
style that was sui f/eneris, and the readers of the Observer were apt to turn a: once 
to the IPvE-N^ics columns. He was also the author of several bound volumes. 

The brothers of Dr. Prime, Rev. Dr. £. D. G. and William Cov.per Prime, are 
well known for their ability. 

Ue leaves a widow and four children, two sons and two daughters. Rev. Dr. 
Wendall Prime, his son, was associated with him in the conduct of tho OoS':rver. 
His eldest daughter is the wile ut Rev. Dr. Charles A. Stoddard, who is also oue of 
the editors of the Oi5^_rcer. 

Franklin B. Horcii, M.D., LL.D., of Lowville. N. Y., a corresponding member, 
admitted Feb. 3, IttiO, was born in Martinsburgh, Lewis County, N. Y'., Juiy 20, 
1&22, and died at Lowville, Lewis County, N. Y., June 11, 1SB.5. aged 62. 

His father. Dr. Horatio Gates Hough, was l)<jrn in Meriden, Ct., Jan. 5, li.8, 
but went as a child, with the family, to Southwick. Mass.. and in 1793 removed to 
the state of New York, wheie he married Nov. 13, 1803, MLss .Martha Pitcher.^ His 
grandfather was Thomas Hough, of Meriden, Ct.. who died Dec. 4, 1815, aged 66. 

The subject of this sketch, alter his common school days, received his euuc-ition 
at Lowville Academy and at the Black River Literary and Religious lustiute in 
"VVatertown, N. Y'.. whence lie went to Union College, where he was grudua:t<i in 
1843. He received his medical educ-ation at Cleveland, Ohio, graduating with the 
degree of M..D. in 18 18. 

He was united in luarriage Juiy 9, 1845, while pursuing medical studies, with 
Maria i^arah Et:g!eSon, of Cliampion, N. Y. By this marriage there was one ciiiid, 
a dauizhter, born in lb4G. Tlie wite died June 2, 1848. He was again married, 
May 16, lh49, to Mariah Ellen Ivilhara, of Turin, N. Y. By this marriage there 
were four children, two sons and two daugliters. 

Dr. II ju_'h's prof..s.^ioiial iife was at first in Soraerville, St. Lawrence Canty, 
N. Y., where he lived from 1848 to 1852. In May, 1854, he removed to Albany, 



1886.] Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. 119 

where he remained until lS60,'R'hen he established hi? residence at Lowville. which 
•was afterwards his home. Asa matter of fact. Dr. ILni;^h's life, as a pliysician, has 
been subordinate to that of a pulilic and historical writer, in which respect he has 
shown a very irrcat industry and ahilit}'. 

It would he beyond the proper limits of this notice to ^ive even the titles of all 
the books and imjjortant papers which he has contributed in this general depart- 
ment of studj'. A iew of them we give : " Hist >ry of 6t. Lawrence and Franklin 
Counties, X. Y.,"' IS53 ; "History of Jefferson County, N. Y.," 1851; " Re- 
sults of a Series of M-iteorological Observations made at New York Academies," 
1S55 ; "Census of New York." 1S5.5, taken under his directim: " History of 
l«wis County, N. l^," L'^GO ; " Munsell's Guide to the HudsMi River,"' 1S59; 
" On Military and Camp Hospitals, from the French of Bauden," ISfiiJ ; " X irth- 
ern Invasion of October. 17.S0," lSr)6. These titles will serve to irive an idea of the 
range of his scholarship and his activities. As an illustration showing how busily 
he has used his pen, his daughter, .Miss Elida C. Ilougb, in a letter written June 
2"2, 1836, says: " I sent a list of 83 volumes [the work of his hands] to the Utica 
Herald this morning, and it may bo published in that paper tomorrow." The 
daughter who writes this is a graduate (1835) of Cornell University. Another 
daughter has studied in Syracuse University. Still anotiier dau:.:hter was a student 
at Vassar. Of the sons one studied at Union Colbve and Albany Law School ; 
another was graduated at Cornell, and still an(it!ier is now in his c mrse at ('ornell. 
There are seven cliildren, four daughters and three sjns. His wife also survives. 

EcEXEZEK Bancroft Towne, Esq.. of Raynham. Mass., a resident member, admit- 
ted March 11, 1374. was born in Stoddard. Cheshire Co., N. H., Dec. 11, HO'J. and 
died at Raynham, Ms.. June 30, 1865. aged 75 years. *> months and Itt days. His 
iather was (.iardner Towne, born in Amherst, N. H.. May I, 17G5. His UK^ther was 
Lucy Bancroft, born in Tyngsboro'. Mass.. JuneT. 1773. The}' were manied Jan. 
27, 1795. His grandfather was Israel Towne, who wns born in Amherst, X. H., 
Nov. IG, 173G. and married Lucy H(jpkins, July 31, 17G0. His great-grandfather, 
Israel, was born in Top.-field, Fs^cx Co.. Mass. .March 24, 1704. "This last married 
Grace Gardner, May 23. 1729. Register xxi. 220. 

In early life, the subject of this sketch, in consequence of the death of his father, 
lived for a little time in the family of Rev. Isaac Robinson, minister in Studdard. X. 
II., and afterwards with Mr. John Farwell and his father until abmt sixteen years 
old. Before going to Tyngsboro', lie was kept at the district schuol about tour 
months in the year, and afterwards, till the age of sixteen, about three months 
yearlj'. Fr.im sixteen to eighteen he worked upon the farm, and from eighteen to 
twenty-one he was an apprentice with Samuel S. Lawrence, of Tyngsboro'. 

After he was twenty-nnc, he became a hat, cap, and fur merchant, in company 
with his brother Orr N. Towne and Wn. W. Kendrick, at 34 Eim Stre^et, Bust'jn. 
In this connection he continued for thirt3'-four years. 

He Mas united in marriace, August I, 183S, With Miss A!me?la Wilson, daughter 
of Capt Jo«l Wilson of St..ddard, X. H. She was born in Stoddard, Jan. I'J, 1819, 
and died in Amherst, N. H.. Oct. 21. 1845. 

He was again married. Feb. 12. 1854, to ^Irs. Chloe Adaline Gilman, M-idow of 
Henry T. Giiman, and daughter of Sylvanus B. Braman, of Norton, Mas-s. By this 
marringe there were three children, a son and two daughters. One of tlie daughters 
died in early life. 

Mr. Towne was a man of great enerary and integrity, and of very systematic busi- 
ness habits. He has left behind a record of honesty and uprightness. 

The Boston Journal of July 1, 18s'5. spfaks of him as " the wealthiest resident of 
Raynhrau," and s-.'-ys: '' Fur many years he was en go ^ied in business in B'istnn, where 
the bulk of his fortune was made. On retiring from business he went to RuNnham. 
He was elected County Commissioner fbr six years, beginning in 1863, and was fur a 
number of yeai-s Tieasurer of the Bristol County Agricultural Society and held vari- 
ous other offices of trust." 



Fudge TiiCMAs Vv'eli.s Bartley, of Washington. D. C, a corresponding member, 
uitted Xov. 10, 1855, was born in JeSeison County, Ohio, Feb. 11, lhl2. and 



Ji 

ad mi 

died in \Vashingt'.n, D. C, June 20, 1885, aged 73. 

His lather was Hon. Mordecai Baitley. of Mansfii.1 i. Ohio, who was born in Fay- 
ette County, Fa., Sept. 8, I7b7, and his mother was Elizabeth, daughter uf Thomas 



• . 'lf..f! '.<)»lr-. - i-T.V, 



120 Booh J^otices. [Jan. 

Wells, of Brownsville, Fayette County, Pa. She wa'; born in 1TS9. They -vrere 
united in marriaire in 1806. His i:rand!ather Elijah Mas born in Virginia in 1753, 
and married Rachel Pearshall. Alter marriairo they removed from Luudoun Coun- 
ty, Va., to Fayette County, Pa., where ail tlieir children were born. The earlier 
ancestors uftiiis Hartley family (.spelled also JBarklay and Barclay) lived in Virginia 
from the early colonial days. 

Mordecai Bartley was a prominent man in Ohio. He was a military officer in 
the war of l.SI-2, was member of congress eight years, from 18-23 to 1631, and wa.s 
governor of the state two years, lS44-4fi. 

The subject of this sketch, alter liis boyhood days were passed, was fitted for col- 
lege, and was graduated at Jeii'erson College, Pa., in lSv!9, and received the degree 
of A.M. in 1S33. Atter studyinix law one year with Hon. Jacob Parker, of Mans- 
field, and one year with Elijah Hay ward, E--q., of Wasliington, D. C, he was ad- 
mitted to practice in all the judicial courts of (Jhio in IS33. He soon became a pub- 
lic man, serving in the Ohio General Assembly and in the Senate. As speaker of 
the Senate, he became, ic 1S44, ex-ufficio governor of the state, and in December of 
that year was succeeded by his own father, who had jut^t been elected governor. 

He was united in marriage, Octi/oer 5. 1837, with Julia Maria, daughter of Wil- 
liam Larwill, of Wooster, Ohio. She was born xMarch 30, 1818, and died March 1, 
1847. He married again, Nov. 7, 1848, Susan Sherman (PvEg. xxiv. 16(t), daugh- 
ter of Hon. Charles R. Sherman, Judice of the Supreme Court of Oliio. She was 
sister of Senator John and General William T. Sheiiuan. By his first marriage be 
had four children, and by his second two. 

Judge Bartley was a man eminent for his legal learning and his great power of 
thought. Si'Uie of his decisions occupy a higli place in the estimate of liis brethren 
of the legal profession. He was a member of the Jackson Democratic Association 
in Washington, and the resolutions parsed bj' that body, after his death, are very 
strong in their testimony to his ability and worth of character. The hist words of 
Judge Bartley, as reported to us by one of his friends, were these : '' I have done 
my (Juty to my country, to my countrymen, to my children, to all. The wi-rld, the 
material world, I am going out of it. But there is a spiritual world we cannot see 
•with our material senses." He had lifted himself upon his elbow to utter these 
words, when he dropped back upon his pillow and died. 



BOOK NOTICES. 



The Editor requests persons sending books for notice to state, for the information of 
readers, the price of each book, with the amount to be added for postage when sent by 
mall. 



Families of the Wyoming VaUey: Biographical, Genealogical and Historical. 
Sketches of the Bench and Bar of Luzerne County, Pennsylvania. By Glorge B. 
KuLP, Historiographer of the Wyi.ming Hir^turical and Geological Society. 
In two volumes. Vol. 1. Wilkes-Barre, Pa. E. B. Yordy, Printer. 1685. 
8vo. pp. viii.-)-504. Price per volume, .$7.50. 

A historj- of the families of the Wyoming Valley of Pennsylvania is necessarily an 
important part of the hi-^tory of Connecticut, that state having claimed, by the 
charter of Charles II., that portion of the present territory of Pennsylvania lying 
between the 41st and 43rd degrees of latitude. As cariy as 1753 steps were taken by- 
Connecticut to settle this section with her own people. From 17G0 to 1700 various 
companies of emigrants from Connecticut and the other New England states located 
on these lands. Tie claim of Connecticut was disputed by the colony of Pennsylvania, 
■who had already granted these lands to lier citizens. Out of this conflict of col.Jnial au- 
thority, frequent and severe con tests for their p(;ssession arose between the two parties, 
the Pennamites or Pennsylvania claimants, and the Vankeesor Connecticut claimants. 
^0 ODe wliu has ever visited the hibtorical Valley of Wyoming, and gazed upon its 



1886.] Booh JSTotices. 121 

exquisite beauty, will wonder that the early settlers were willing to tate up arms 
and do battle [yv such a prize. The strusrsle for its possession Is narrated in the 
various histories of this section, and needs onlv to be referred to here. IJnt from 
tlicse emigrations of New England and Pennsylvania people have dcsceuJ-^d the 
families of ^\yoming Valley, whose history Mr. Kalp has preserved in t!, is very 
mteresnincr volume. Many ot these families, repeating the bistorv of mo^-t civil 
wars, have interniarried to such an extent that frequentlv the Pennsylvania family 
and name are tound owning lands inherited from ConiKct'ieut ancestors or thp Con- 
necticut faniily is found in p-jssession of acres descended from some Penn^vfvania 
ancestor. I rum these early settlers, who were men of bold spirit, undauntJd cour- 
age, strong sense and religious principles, have come many whose names are to be 
lound promint'ntly placed on every page of the history of the union. To one branch 
ot these sons of Connecticut and Pennsylvania the author of this volume has devoted 
^ul fl •" f'^l^""}:^ r^^.<^»e from oblivion the records of their personal career and 
that of their forefathers, i. e. the l^eneh and 13ar of Luzerne County 

Ibe first volume, the only one as yet issued, contains ninety-seVen bio'rranhic.al 
and genealogical sketches of living members of the Luzerne Bar. The hx^ md vol- 
ume will contain as many more, including those whose eartlily career has a'lreadv end- 
ed, many of whom were distinguished in the civil and military history of IVnn-^vlva- 
niaihese sketches first appeared in the pages of tiie Luzerne Le^^al lie rj^fer a 
weekly publication by Mr. Kulp, which ha~- reached its fourteenth volume! and' is 
ot such value that a full set commands the price of about sixty-five dollars In this 
volume Mr. kulp has given as full irenealogical records as it" was possible to obtain 
of the families from which the several subjects of his shetches descended IJe has 
had access to old family papers, church and court records, both in Connecticut and 
i'ennsylvania, and- has gathered his mass of historical and personal reminiscences 
with great care and accuraey. 

Among the biograpliical sketches will be found those of Col. Zebulon BuUer who 
wasin the action of;^ Wyoming, 1778, Hons. Edmund L.Dana, Henry M. Iloyt, 
A.T. McClintock E S. Osborne, Lazarus D. Shoemaker. Hendrick IJ. Wri-ht 
Judges llhone, Uoodward, Scutt, Harding, Rice and others of the Luzerne Bar. 
Among the genealogies, in which a vast amount of new and unpublish-d material 
apoears for the first time, will be found those of the families of Butler, B-nnett 
liu I kley Bedford, Conyn^ham, Dixon, Dorrance, Darliuir, £spy, Fell, lla^ley 
?;?v •', V,"° '''^K' -f^''^^' Jameson, Johnson, Jenkins, Kulp, Lewis, Lamberton! 
O .Ne-il, Payne, Palmer, P, well, Rhone, Richardson. Richards, Scott, Smich, Sut- 
ton, Shoemaker, Strong, Wtdles. -Wadhams, Walker, &e. ic. &c. The sketch of 
J-^dmund briihn Butler is especially intere>tinn:, containing as it dues an exliau^tive 
account of the battle and massacre of Wyoming, in which action the anc.-t^rsof 
nearly all of those who«e liistory this work sets forth participated. In his e^tiniate 
ot the character of living persons whom the author names, we find none of that ful- 
some flattery whicii disfigures so much modern biography. While as he^iv^ the 
volume makes no pretensions to literary excellence, he has siven us a very readable 
book, and one which the genealogist will welcome as useful and valuable Mr 
Kulp promises an index of names in the second volume, the absence of which is the 
only defect of tins volume. The typography of the book reflects great credit on the 
printer Ihe work is not stereotyped and the edition is limited, ' 
Hy the Rev. Horace Edwin tiaydtn, Wilkes- Barre, Pa. 

Emmanuel CoUpjp Cambridge. Commrmoration oj the Three Hundredth Anniver- 
sary of the toundation. 1S84. 8vo. pp. 99. 

Laurence Chadfrlon,D D. {First Master of Emmanuel). Translate d from a Lat- 
in Memoir oJ Dr Bilhngham, with Notes and Illustrations. Richard Fr.rmer, 
DD. {Master of Emmanuel, 1775—1797). An Essay. By E. S. SuL-ri.iaRGH! 
iM.A., late JreUow of Lmmanuel College, Cambridge. Cambridire : Macmillan 
and Bowers. 1b34. 8vo. pp. 63. 

We have be- fore us two works which the Tercentenary Festal of Emmanuel Col- 
lege, June lb and 19 IbSl, have produced. This Colle-e. as is stated in the fir.t 
book, was^ founded by Sir U alter Mildmay in the year 1564. The Re-i-tcr -ives 
the names of thirty persons admitted members of the colle-e in the ye;ir 15-1-5. 
Ut the actual day of the foundation there is no record. But (^ueen Eiizab.alfs (.'har- 
ter empowering Sir \\ alter Mildmay to found a Colle-e is dated June 5, 15-4. 
KiT'^ '^^'^'^ '^' ^^^■'^'^^''^^'^' ^^'^ corporate life of the College must have 

TOL. XL. 12 



r-:f- .*• 



122 Booh Notices. [Jan. 

This college ha« a particular interest for the peopTe of New England, for more of 
the prumineut men ainony; our earl^-settk-rd were educated here tliau at any other col- 
Jege. Among them were John llarvard, the founder of Harvard College ;" Nathaniel 
"\\ aid, author of the Massachusetts Body of Liberties, the tir-^t code of laws estab- 
lished in New England ; Tiioiiias Hooker and Saruuel Stone of Hartford. Thomas 
IShopard of Cambridge, William Blaxton or Blackstone, t!ie iirst settler of Boston ; 
Thomas James and Zechariah Symmes, of Charlestown ; Nathaniel Koaers of Ip- 
swich, Daniel Maude of Dover, William LevericU of Sandwich, all clergymen and 
men ot ability. 

The first work under Dotice contains the proceedings at the celebration in the 
summer of 1834, when speeches were made by our countrymen, Prof. Charles E. 
Norton, as a delegate from Harvard College, and the Hon. James Russell Lowell, 
the United States Minister to Great Britain. Speeches were made also by Dr. 
Phear, the master of Emmanuel ; Dr. Ferras, the vice-chancellor of the university ; 
Lord Fowls, the high steward ; the Bisliop of Winchester. Sir Henry Mildmay. de- 
scended from a brotlier of the founder ; Mr. Beresford Hope, Rev. W. Chawner, 
tutor of Emmanuel, Dr. Sebastian Evans and Dr. J. J. Raven. A sermon was 
preached by Dr. Edward Harold Browne, bishop of Winchester. Appended to the' 
report of these proceedings is some valuable historical, biographical and tabular 
matter relative to the college. A portrait of the founder is prefixed to the book. 

The bict'nteuary of the college was celebrated one hundred years airo, in Sep- 
tember, 1784, by appropriate services, an account of which is preserved in this book. 
It is not known that the completion of the first hundred years was observed in any 
manner ; nor does any notice st-em to have been taken in 1834 of its quarter mil- 
lenary, an event now so frequently commemorated in America. 

Dr. Shuckburgh's v.'ork, the second wliose title we give, contains memoirs of two 
Masters of Emmanuel, Dr. Laurence Chaderton, the first master of the college, and 
Dr. Richard Farmer, the Shakspearean scholar, who wivs ma^^ter when the bicenten- 
ary was celebrattd. The mem.jir of Dr. Chaderton was written in I^tin by one of 
his successors. Dr. William Dillingham, and has been translated and edited by Dr. 
Shuckburgh, who has written, as a companion to it. the memoir of Dr. Farmer. 
The two biographies are valuable contributions to the history of the college. 

The Colonial Church in Virginia. Address delivered by P. Slaughter, D.l)., 
Historiographer of the Diocese of Viri^unia. at the Centennial Council in the City 
of Richmond, on the 2Ist of .May. 18S5. [Motto of the Seal of Virginia.] Bos- 
ton : Printed by Rand, Avery & Company. 1885. 8vo pp. 43. 
The Rev. Dr. Slaughter has been for many years, as he now is, a zealous and in- 
defatigable student of the history of Virginia, especially its ecclesiastical history. 
He has rendered most valuable service by his efiorts to seek out, collect and pre- 
serve the scattered and perishing records of the ancient parishes. Amona the fruits 
of his historical researches are the well-known histories of Bristol Parish and St. 
George's Parish, published respectively in 1846 and 1847, and wiiich were subse- 
quently incorporated by Bishop Meade in his •• Old Churches. Ministers and Fami- 
lies of Virginia." In his excellent memoir of Bishop Meade {Memorial Binfjraphies 
of the New England Historic Genealogical Society, vol. iv. 1885). Dr. Slaughter 
gives an outline sketch of the condition of the Episcopal Church in Virginia during 
the first half of the present century. In his Centennial Address of May last he 
deals more in detail, and m^re in the way of a discussion, with a much longer peri- 
od, upwards of two hundred and fitty years of colonial history. In a survey so long 
as this, only the most important events could be noticed. But with this discussion 
>ve are presented with striking views of men, of society, and of ecclesiastical and 
political affairs, painted with the author's characteristic skill. These views repre- 
sent the results of careful research, and the facts are stated frankly and clearly. This 
address may well serve, in the hands of the same author, or in the hands of an 
equally c^jmpetent historian in the future, as the framework of a full history of the 
Epi-^eupal Church in Virginia prior to the American Revolution. 

The author throws new light upon his subject, and Corrects some false and 
ir\jurious statements, the coinage of ignorant or prejudiced writers. He points out 
the chief obstacles, whether of a local or of a foreign source, to the vigorous growth 
of the colonial Church. He shows how it was hampered and weakened ratlier than 
aided and stregthened, by its enforced union with tiie State. He shows how it en- 
deavored to meet its obligations to the enslaved race. And he establishes the fact — 



1886.] Booh Notices. 123 

which has been ignored or denied by not a few historians — that the principal lay- 
men in Virginia were openly among the earliest and most strenuous opposers 
of the arbitrary' and oppressive measures of the British autliorities previous to the 
devolution, and that they were also amongst the most patriotic and elficient sup- 
porters of the American interests throughout the war. 
By Albert H. Hoyi, A.M., of Boston. 

Proceedings and Collections of the Wyomimj Historical and Geological Society. 
Vol. II. Part I. Wilkes-Iiarre, Pa. : Printed fur the Society. 1885. Sto. 
pp. IS5. 

This number contains the charter, by-laws and roll of membership of the society, 
with the proceedings troui March 2. 1SS3, to Feb. 11, 1SS4, and reports and papers. 
The papers on Local ShcU-Btds by Sheldon Reynolds. Pittston Furt by Hon. Steu- 
ben Jenkins, Bibliography of Wyoming Valley by the Pvev. Horace E. Hayden. Cal- 
vin Williams by George B. Kulp, contain much important material fur the history 
of the Wyumiiig Valley. A report of a special committee, by the chairman, the 
late Harrison Wright. Ph.D.. on the archceological remains at Tioga Point, Pa., is 
a valuable contributiun to Indian history. 

This so<nety, which wa.5 established in 1853, is doing good service for the history 
and geology of that locality. 

Samuel de Champlain : A Brief Sketch of the E/tunent Navigator and Discoverer. 
Read t-efure the Chicago Historical Society, Tuesday Evening, October 20, ISS5. 
By Henrj- H. Ulrlblt. A Portrait of the Great Explorer, painted by Miss Har- 
riet P. Hurlbut, was on this occasion presented in her name to the Society. Chi- 
cago : Fergus Printing Company. 1S85. Svo. pp. 19. 

We have before us an address delivered last autumn before the Chicago Histori- 
cal Society on the occasion of the presentation, in behalf of Miss Hurlbut. of a 
painting of Champlain. It was copied by her from an engraved portrait by Moncor- 
cet, as it appears in the wurks of Champlain published by the Prince Society. Ihe 
frame, of which an account is given in the author's "' Chicago Antiquities,"' p. 80, 
has a history, having traditionally formed apart of an old ship of some celehrity. 
Mr. Hurlbut is engaged on a wurii to be entitled " Our Inland Seas and Early Lake 
Navigation," and this sketch of the life of Champlain will lurm a partof tliat work. 
It is an interesting narrative of this early explorer of our coast. 

Genealogical Gleanings in England. By Henrt F. AVatees, A.B. Vol. I. (Part 
First.) Boston: New England Historic Genealo"-ical Society. Ic55. Bvo. pp. 
131. 

John Harvard and his Ancestry. By Hevrt F. Waters, A.B. Boston: New 
England Historic Genealogical Society. 1885. Bvo. pp. 24. 

Genealogical Gleanings in England. [Xo.] X. By Henry F. Waters, A.M. Svo, 
pp. 16. 

A notice in the Register of Mr. Waters'e " GeneaIo2:icaI Gleanings in England " 
may appear like " carrying coal to Xewca.stle," but a brief word will suffice. These 
" Gleanings " have appeared quarterly in this periodical. 

The first part of Volume I., wh(jse title heads this article, represents all the in- 
stalments published frum July, 1883, to April, 1885, inclusive. The j-reface is by 
John T. Hassam, Esq., and the superb index is by Frank E. Bradish. £.-q. 

The second title which we give is that of a pamphlet reprint of Mr. A\'atcrs's con- 
tribution to the July number of tiie Register, in which he dispelled the mystery 
which had so long enveloped the history of the founder of Harvard University. 

The third title is that of the last issueof the serials which the Committee on En::- 
Jish Re:-earch of the New England Historic Genealogical Society have reprinted from 
the Register. Of these serials, Nos I. to VHI. are reprinted in the work whose 
title we first give ^ No.lX. consists of the Harvard researches, and No. X. con- 
tains ail of Mr. AA aters's " Gleanings'' which appeared in the October Register 
with Mr. Hassam's introduction, including President Eliot's account of Mr. Wa- 
ters's discoveries about Harvard. 

The three works contain all of the published " Genealogical Gleanino-s " to the 
close of 1S35. 

Students in genealogy felt that they had a prize in the various instalment-, and 
now wJH-n the r^auie app.-.ar in book :orm, a -rcater pri/.e is presented to tiieui. The 
work of Mr. Waters is of biijhesc value. To him already id due the credit of finding 



"; ) .1 .i 7 






124 Book JS'otices. [Jan. 

the Winthrop map, the Maverick MS. and the family of Joiin Harvard. His in- 
vestiixatioiw, as tlicse " Gkanin^s '' prove, are in no narrow way. The early fami- 
lies of Virginia and the other English Colonies, as well as Massachusetts, are borne 
iu iuui.l. To many of these researclies are appended notes of much value liy emi- 
nent American antiquaries. The descendants uf the early American families can 
well air>rd to keep Mr. Waters at this post, for which he is preeminently fitted. 
By the Rev. Anson Titus, o/Amesliury, Mass. 

Final Notes on Witchcraft iri Massachusetts; A Summary Vindication of the Laics 
and Liberties concerniny Attainders, with CorrupUon of Blood, Escheats, F<irl\it- 
vres for Crime and Pardon ofOfenJers, m Repli/ to the Reasons, <^-c., of Hon. 
Albert C. Goodeli, Jr., Editor of the Province Laws of yfassachusetts. By George 
H. Moore, LL.D., Superintendent of the Lenus Library. New York : Printed 
for the Author. 1665. 6vo. pp. 120. Sold by Cupples, Upham & Co., 263 
Washington St., Boston, Mass. Price $1. 
Prytaneum Bostoniense. Notes on the: History of the Old State House, formerly 
known as the Town House in Boston, the Procince Court House, thf State House 
and the City Hall. By George fl. Moore, LL.D. Boston: Cupples, Upham & 
Co. 1665. 8vo. pp. 31. Price 50 cents. 

Dr. Moore's " Final Notes " is the fifth of a series of pamphlets which have 
been issued by Dr. Moore and Mr. Goodeli, discussing points in the history of 
Witchcraft in Massachusetts. On the 21st of Octo''er. lc?S2, Dr. M lore read a paper 
before the American Antiquarian Society, entitled Notes on the History of Witch- 
craft in Mati:ichu«etts. which was ijrinfed in the Proceedings of that society and 
reprinted in pamphlet form in IbsS. A reply to this by Mr. Goodell, under the 
title of •• Further Notes on the History of ^V'itchcraft in Massachusetts." appeared 
in 15S4. '•'Supplementary Notes on Witchcraft in Massachusetts'' by Dr. Moore, 
and Reasons for concluding tlrat the Act of 1711, Reversing the Attainder of 1692, 
became a Law," by Dr. Goodeli, followed in the same year. Mr. Goodell's two 
Contributions to this and Dr. Moore's "Supplementary Notes" and a part of 
the " Final Notes " were read as papers before the Massachusetts Historical Soci- 
ety, and are reprinted from its Proceedings. Various questions concerning the 
Witchcraft trials and the subsequent legislation of Massachusetts relative to the 
victiuis, are discussed in these pamphlets ; and much curious and interesting in- 
formation upon the laws and law-making of the province, which none could give 
but Messrs. Moore and Goodell, who have made tliese subjects a specialty and have 
spent years in investigating them and in collecting materials illustrating them. 

The pamphlet before us is, as the title states, "a summary vindication of the 
Laws and Liberties" of ^Lissachusetts "concerning Attainders, with Corruption 
of Blood, Escheats, Forfeiture for Crime and Pardon of Oil'enders." It displays 

great learning, and is a thorough investigation of these subjects. In the apnendix, 
esides other matters of value, is a detailed history of the Records of the General 
Court. The originals were all destroyed with the Court House in the fire of 1747, 
and what we have are only copies. It is interesting to follow, as Dr. Moore enables 
U3 to do, the action of the different legislatures on tiie subject of copying the records 
for preservation, and the zealous labors of that model secretary, Josiah Willard, in 
the cause. 

The other pamphlet, " Prytaneum Bostoniense or Notes on the History of the 
Old State House," is a paper read in that ancient structure. May 12, ISS.j. before 
the Bostonian Society. It is a worthy companion to .Mr. Whitmore's "Old State 
House Memorial," issued by the city, and shows that Mr. V\'hitmore's volume, re- 
plete as it is with memorials of the historic halls of that building, did not exhaust 
nis subject. Indec'l, we learn that Mr. Moore has enough matter tor another paper 
which he is to read before that society in February. 

Colonel Alexander Rirjby : A Sfcetch of his Career and Connection v:ith Maine as 
Proprietor of the Plowjh Patent and President of the Province of Lyyonia. By 
CuARi.ES Edward Banks, M.D. (Dart.), ieso. Privately Printed. Sm. 4to. pp. 
57. Fifty copies printed. 

Though Col. Rigby never visited New England, he appears prominently in the 
history (jf the colonization of .Maine; and yet but few details (jf his life have bten 
known to us. Dr. Banks by patient research has supplied our want, and stiuwn him 
to us as he was known to his c jntemporaries in Kniriund. He was an ardent sup- 
porter of the Commonwealth and was entrusted vatii importanl oiiiees. In thid 



1886.] Booh JSTotices. 125 

pamphlet we have Jiho an acoount of the Plough Patent and the abortive attempts 
of the FamilisLs who obtained the patent to colonize under it : al>o a history of the 
Province of Lytronia as aduiinistered by Geor^^e Cleeves under Rii^'by's authority. 
The author treats these subjects exhaustively. A portrait of Pii_'by. heliotypeJ 
from a miniature in the possession of Towneley Rigby Knowles, Esq.. of Pau. France, 
is a new attraction for us. A tabular pedigree, showing the descent from Adam 
Rigby of Wygan. his grcat-grandflither. is also given. This tract is a reprint from 
the Maine Historical and Genealogical Recorder. 

Family Memorials. A Series of Genealogical and Biographical Monographs on the 
Families of Saliiljur/, A! i'Vorfh-Elbridge, Sewall. Pgldren-Dwnnfr, Walle'/, 
Quincy, Gookin, Wendell, Brcese, Chevalier-. A.nd'^r son and Philiips. With 
Fifteen Pedigrees and an Appendix. Bv Edward Elbridge Salisburt. 1S85. 
Privately Printed. Price in cloth, ."$20. 00. 

An accomplished scholar who has traversed many fields of learning, here presents 
in a superb folio volume of 696 pages (bound in boards in twu half volumes), a his- 
torical and genealogical account of several distinguished families — some of them 
among the must distinguished in New England — whose lines of descent converge in his 
own family and in his own person. Protessor Sali.-bur}' has given years of time and 
thought and labor, and has devoted a considerable amount of money, in the first 
place, to the collection in this and other lands, of information of every kind relating 
to these families, then to the classification and arrangement of the materia! thus 
accumulated, and, more recently, to the compilation and publication of a portion of 
it, which. is thus made availa'ilo for contemporaneous use. and safe for the irenera- 
tions wliich are to come. lie dedicates it to the Memory of the Fathers for the Sake 
of the Children. For undertaking such a task the author deserves the hearty 
thanks of all historical students; and for the success with which he has been able 
to carry out his generous and comprehensive purpose he is entitled to their con- 
gratulations. The first Mrs. Salisbury was Abigail Salisbury Phillips, of Boston, 
a cousin of her husband : the second, who has had an important share in the work 
now before us, was Evelyn ^IcCurdy, daughter of the Hon. Charles J. McCurdy, of 
Lyme, Conn. 

By Hamilton Andrews Hill, A.M., oj" Boston. 

Ulntermediaire des Chercheurs ct CurieuT. Fonde en 1S64. Lucien Faucon', 
Directeur. Paris, 13 rue Cujas. Published on the 10th and '25th of each month, 
in 8vo., 32 pages each. Terms in France, 16 francs per annum : abroad, 18 francs. 
Students of French history will welcome the aid of this modest and useful serial 
in unfolding the details of many interesting events deemed too trivial for record by 
the cotemporaneous chronicler, but subsequently found to be of com.manding im- 
portance. It has an especial value to the searchers and gleaners amid the past man- 
ners, customs and habits of the French, in that it talks freely and without reserve 
concerning some matters not likely to be found elsewhere. Its independence is ab- 
solute, and the inviolability of correspondence guaranteed. 
By George A. Gordon, A.M., of Sornerville, Mass. 

New Chapter in the History of Concord Fight ; Groton Minute Men at the North 

Bridge, April 19, 1775. By William ^\^ NVdeildox. Boston : Lee & Shepard, 

Publishers, Xo. 10 Milk Street. Is-'o. Bvo. pp. 32. 

Mr. Wheildon has done much to preserve the local history of Boston and vicini- 
ty, and particularly the incidents in the revolutionary history of this locality. The 
long list of works by him on the cover of this pamphlet show how much he has pub- 
lished, and how long he has been enga:red in such labors. 

_ He here prints the testimony which Artemas Wright of Ayer gives on the author- 
ity of his grandfiither, Nathan Corey of Groton, concerning the Concord Fight. The 
arrival of cannon in Groton from Concord, it is stated, raised suspicions, and Corey 
and nine otlier minute men feft Groton for that place on the evening of Aj^ril lb, 
and were in Concord early the n<'.Kt morning, where they took part in the defence of 
the North Bridge. Mr. Wheildon draws attention to the importance of Paul 
Revere's first Ride to Lexington. Sunday. April 16th. 

An appendix contains — 1, a list of towns engaged in the events of the 19th April, 
1775, with the los-es of each and other particulars ; 2. a description of the monu- 
ments, etc., erected to cr,:nmemorate the evt-nts of that day. 

A view of the *' Old North Bridge " and the moaument at Concord embellish 

VOL. XL. 12* 



,/^0>:'i'\l ..W..J-. 



126 Booh JHotices. [Jan. 

the work. Mr. Wright's stor}' was made the basis of a paper by Mr. Whcildoa 
read before the Bostonian Society. Thi.s paper is here printed with additions. 

The Attempts made to Separate the West from the American Union. A Paper read 

be/ore the Missouri Historical Society, Fe/>ruan/ i, 18R5. By the Rt. Rev. C. F. 

Robertson, D.D., LL.D. St. Louis : 1S85. 8vo. pp. 60. 

This essay by Bishop Robertson gives a concise and interesting account of the 
machinations of the Sp:inish authorities in Louisiana Territory during the period 
following the American Revolution, and j'rior to the restoration of the' territory to 
France, the object of the mtrigues being to detach the territories now comprising 
the states of Mississippi, Kentucky, TVnne.-sce and Indiana from the union, and to 
persuade them to seek Spanish protection. Considerable dissatisfaction prevailed 
in these territories from 1783-69, and even later, in consequence of the failure of 
congress to protect western interests, and especially the neglect or inability to secure 
from Spain a free navigation of the Mississippi in order 'that the products of the 
country might reach a market. 

The author gives a brief history of the purchase of Louisiana from the French, 
and tells the story of Aaron Burr's conspiracy, in which he oilers evidence of the 
disloyalty of Gen. AVilkinson, commander of the United States army. The pam- 
phlet contains a map of the Mississippi valley, and portraits of Burr and Blenner- 
hassett. Theauthi)rities for the historical statements are cited, and the paper shows 
extensive and thorough research. 

By George K. Clarke, LL.B., of Needham, Mass. 

Archaohc/ia ^Americana. Transactions and Collections of the American Antiquarian 
Society. Vol. Vll. Note-Book kept hy Thomas Lerhford, Esq., Lawyer, in Mas- 
sachusetts Bay. from June 27, 1638, to July 29, 1041. Printed for the Society, at 
University Press, Cambridge. 18S5. Bvo. pp. xxviii.+4G0. 
This note-book of the first lawyer in New England is one of the most valuable and 
interesting publications that we have noticed. It contains copies of the legal pa- 
pers diawn by Thomas Lephfurd, and notes on the cases concerning whichlie was 
consulted or interested. The quaint old fjrms are both amusing and instructive to 
the lawyer of to-day ; and to the historical student and the geneabgist the note-book 
reveals the transactions and events from 1638 to 1641, in which many of the earliest 
settlers here were concerned. More important still, it gives the English homes of 
many persons, in some cases only confirming what we knew before,%ut in others 
giving facts before unknown, and perhaps vainly sought fur. Copious notes are 
found on nearly every page, and the work is ably edited by Edward Everett Hale, 
Jr., who has availed to some extent of matter previously prepared by J. Hammond 
Trumbull, LL.D., lion. Dwight Foster and others. Twenty-two pages are devoted 
to a sketch of Thomas Lechford by Dr. Trumbull, which srives some account of the 
difSculties into which Lechford's theological opinions led him. The birth-place 
and parentage of the author of " Plain Dealing " are not definitely known, but 
it is surmised that he may have belonged to a Ltchford family in the county of Sur- 
rey. Various letters to Hugh Peters and other persons are found in the note-book, 
mostly on religious subjects, and it seems evident that his return to Enirland was 
the result of the harsimess with which he was treated here. There is al-o much 
relating to public affairs, such as addresses and " proposicons " to the Governor 
and General Court. _ It is unfortunate that a better method of indexing was not 
adopted. The book is attractive in appearance, and printed in the best manner. 
By (Jeorye K. Clarke, LL.B., of Nedham, Mass. 

Woburn [Massachusetts] : an historical and descriptive sketch of the town, with an 
outlinevf. Us industrial interests. Illustrated. Woburn: Published by the Board 
of Trade. 1885. The Riverside Press, Cambridge: Printed by H. 0. Ilough- 
ton and Company. Oblong Bvo. pp. 60. Illustrations by the Heliotype Print- 
ing Company, Boston. Price ,s2. 

This is a beautiful book, finely gotten up, with beautiful illustrations, and is- 
sued from the press of a first class establishment. In the limits of sixty pages are 
a neatly writted historical sketch of the town. — which was incorporated in tire year 
1642, and which until within a comparatively recent period was devoted to little 
other than agricultural business, — and chapters on the geography, inhabitants and 
present business of the town, wliich is chirtly the manufacture of'leatiier ; in which 
bufiiness, with its pre&ent number of nearly twelve thousand inhabitants, the town 



1886.] Book J^ot ices. 127 

leads all otber places in New Eriirland. Tlie writer of the business part of the 
work has performed his task in a really admirable manner, giving' a comprehensive 
and clear view ot the place ;us it now is, and its prospective advantages. Its accu- 
racy :is a sketch can be but little questioned; and the result of the work, as a 
whole, is no-wise disappointing. It could be wished, however, that more of the 
manufacturing establishments, stores and business blocks, could have found illus- 
tration in its pages. A tew slight errors, patent to the local historian, are observa- 
ble. The most serious one is the statement, on page 15, tliat the meeting-house of 
the first fifty years of the town's existence was the one located on the bluti'ur hill 
cast of the present common, when it is well known that this one was the secjiid ed- 
ilice for town worship, the first edifice having been erected on the common itself. 
Both houses, however, belonged to this early period. 

The Woburu Bjard of Trade was organized March 25, 1835, with the object of 
increasing the business, population and prosperity of the town, and this wurk is its 
first publication. 

CominunicaLed by Williain R. Culler, Esq., Librarian Wuburn Public Library. 

A Suggcslion as lo the Origin of the Plan of Savannah. Remarks by Wii. Har- 
den before the Georgia lii.-^torical Society, Monday, Sept. 7th, lbS5. 8vo. pp. -1. 
In this pamphlet Mr. Harden, the librarian of the Georgia Historical S jiety, 

gives i:ood reasons for believing that " The Villas of the Ancients Illustratt.l." by 

Piobert Castell, a folio published in London in 17'2S, suggested to Oglethorpe the 

pli^j of Savannah. 

/ Some Observations on the Letters of Am'irigo Vespucci. By M. F. Force. Read 

before the Congr6s International des Americanistes at Brussels, September, ISTU. 

Cincinnati : Robert Clarke & Co. ISaa. 6vo. pp. 24. 

This is an interesting criticism of the letters of Amerigo Vespucci — or rather 
those attributed to him. We cannot examine Mr. Force's arguments in detail, but 
he certainly seems to prove — if proof is necessary — that tlie letters in question were 
not written by Vespucci. Truth is sure to prevail sooner or later. 

By Daniel Rollins, Esq., of Boston, Mass. 

The Adventvres and Discovrses of Captain lohn Smith, some time President nf Vir- 
ginia and Admiral of New England. Newly Ordered by Ioiin' Ashton'. Ljndon, 
Paris and New Yoik : Cassell & Company. Limited. Post Svo. pp. 309. Por- 
traits and Illustrations. 

This work, compiled by Mr. John .\«hton, autlior of " Social Life in the Reign 
of Queen Anne, " Chap Books of the Eighteenth Century," and other works of a 
similar character, is an attempt to serve up for tiie popular taste the writings of the 
famous Captain John Smith. Mr. Asliton has boiled down Smith's verbosity and 
collated his various histories into a continued narrative, beginning witii his parent- 
age, and ending with the post-mortem adjudication of his estate. In a great ivart of 
the Work Smith's exact language is retained, and the whole work is gotten up in 
the same vein as the '' M}' Lady Pokahontas " of Mr. John Esten Cooke. Fur 
popular information it is admirably adipted, and will tend to increase the interest 
universally felt in this "thrice mtuioraljle adventurer."' It contains, however, 
nothing new of historical or antiquarian interest, nor do we incline to tiie belief 
that Mr. Ashton intended it for the gratification of antiquaries. It is embellished 
with the well-known portraits of Smith and Pocahontas, and fac-eimiles of the 
original illustrations in his works. 
By Charles E. Banks, M.D., of Chelsea, Mass. 

. The Works of Hubert Howe Bancroft. Vol. Xlll.— History of Mexico. Vol. V. 

1821—1601. San Francisco : A. L. Bancroft & Company, Publishers. 1585. 

8vo. pp. xiii. and 812. 

We have already noticed, with marked commendation, the great enterprise of Mr. 
Bancroft in the long series of volumes which he is publishing upon tlie various 
countries bordering upon the Pacific Coast. A literary scheme so wide and com- 
prehen.-ive as his, it is rare to find in any country, and readers are more and more 
convinced that it is not simply to cover an immen-e reach of time and space that 
these volumes are prepared, but that they hold the real history of these countries, 
the facts of which have been gathered with immense labor and care. The prc-ent 
Volume of 812 pages, arranged in thirty chapters, the fifth volume of the Mexican 



128 Book dSfotkes. [Jan. • 

History, covers the period from ISO! to I8fil, includin^j, of course, the exciting pe- 
riod ot the war between the United ?tiites and Mesicj. One mure volume, as we 
understand, will complete the Mexican tlistorj'. 

By the Rev. Increase N. Tariior, D.D , of Wesi Xeirton, Mass. 

A Sketch of i he Life and Works nf Loammi Baldwin, Civil Engineer. By George 
L. VosE, Ilayward Profe.-sor of Civil and Topoiivaphical Engineering in the Mas- 
sachusetts Institute of Teciinology. Boston: Press oi George H.Ellis. 18S5. 
8vo. pp. 28. Witli a heliotype portrait. 

"There were," says the author of this pampiilet, " few work« of internal im- 
provement carried on during the first thirty years of t!ie present century with which 
Mr. Baldwin was not connected ; and his two great works, the government dry- 
docks at Charlestown and at Norfolk, stand to-day unsurpassed among the engi- 
neering structures of the country." Prof. Vose considers him the " Father of Civil 
Engineering in America." And yet very little concerning him is known to the 
present generation. The author has done well to collect from scattered sources the 
details of his life and pre-erve them in tiiese pages. Mr. Baldwin's father, who 
bore the same christian name, and his brother James F. (Keg. xix. 07), were also 
distinguished as engineers. 

Chairs of New England Governors. By the Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, A.M. 

Boston : The Society's House, IS Somer.set Street. 1S65. Hvo. pp. 8. 

This is a "Report made at the annual meeting of the New England Historic 
Geneulngical Society, January 7, 1>^S.3, on the acquisiti'jn of memorial chairs, wiiich 
bad belongei to distinguished governors of the several Now England states, to 
occupy the dais of the public hall of the Society." It is reprinted from the annual 
proceedinis for 1835. The governors are John Hancock of Massachusetts, lliland 
Hall of Vermont, Israel Washburn of Maine, Marshall Jewell of Connecticut, 
CharlfS H. Bell of New Hampshire, and John Brown Francis of Rhode Island. 
Biographical sketches of each are given. 

Inauguration of the Perry Statue, September 10, A. D. 1S85. With the Addresses 
of William P. Sheffield and the Remarks on Receiving the Statue by Governor 
Wetmore and Mayor Franklin; with the Speeches at the Dinner, and an Appen- 
dix. Newport, R. I. : John P. Sanborn, Publisher. 1S85. 'dxo. pp. 60. 
On September 10, 1855. a notable company assembled at the inauguration of the 
Perry Statue in Newriort, R. I. The btloved Bishop Clark was the chaplain of the 
day. Our great historian, Hon. Georire Bancroft, was present and made an elo- 
quent address. The oration was by lion. W. P. Sheffield, chairman of the com- 
mittee, who save a vivid account of the battle of Lake Erie. He was followed by 
Governor Wetmore and Mayor Franklin, Justices Blatchford and Durtee, and 
Admirals Rodgers, Almy and Luce, who also made interesting addresses. The 
church, the civil authurity and the navy were well represented on the occasion. 
Many distinguished men and fair W"omen were present in the audience. They all 
honored tbemstlves by gathering on th.e anniversary of the battle of Lake Erie to 
pay their respects to the memory of the departed hero. 

There stands the beautiful and life-like statue opi^jsite the house in which Perry 
lived It is fitting that his own state should remember the services whicli he ren- 
dered. Olivt-r Hazard Perry has an enduring fame as the first American officer who 
captured a British squadron. We know how bravely he fought on his tiag-ship 
the Lawrence, until all his cannon were dismounted and all but eight of his crew 
■were killed or wounded. He tiien put oif with a boat's crew for the Niagara, which 
Was now to be hi.s tlag-ship. Siirnai was given to break the enemy's line, and the 
Niagara bore down upon the British centre, dischariring broadsides into the De- 
troit, Queen Charlotte, Chippewa, Lady Provust and tlie Hunter. Siie was f jUuwed 
by the rest of the American squadron, tiie ijattle became general and lasted three 
hours. The British line of battle was broken, their decks were strewn witli the 
dying and the dead, and they could hold out no longer. Perry went aboard tlie 
Lawrence and received their surrender. He then visited the wounded Bard ly, the 
English commander, and tendered him an'i the wounded on both sides every service 
in his power. Neither did he forget the reverent burial of the dead. This biilliant 
vict<jry was not easily gained, lur he fought Briti-h veterans wlio had served, under 
I>jrd N'i-!<on at Trafalgar. Sheer hard work and bull-d>jg tenacity — (pialitiL'.-. iiiiie- 
rttit in English blood wiicrever found — won the battle. Perry then wrote the histo- 
ric lines to Gen. Harrison, " We haye met the enemy and they are ours." Terse 



.K.A .«■- 



1886.] Booh ^''otices. ' 129 

and viiTorous mcssaore, showins the autlior to be a man of action, not of words. la 
t)is despatch to the Secretary of the Navy he mentioned the capture of all the ene- 
my's squadron, namely : two ships, two hrigs, une schooner and one sloop. This 
^va-- a very important victory in our second war for Independence, as Edward Eve- 
rett used to call it, for it was a turning point in our atl'airs in the north-west. Per- 
ry did not live Ion;; to fultill the promise of his early manhood, for at the aj;e 
of thirty-four he was attacked with yellow fever at the i-;land of Trinidad, and died 
there August '22, 1S19. His i^allant spirit returned to Him who aave it. His luor- 
tal body tound a temporary resting place at Port Spain, but was afterwards re- 
moved on a man-of-war to Newport in his native state. Like the great Napoleon 
he sleeps in the land he " loved so well." 

" Hark, bow the. sacred calm that breathes around, 

Bids every fierce, tumultuous passion cease ; 

In still small accents whispering from the ground, 

A grateful earnest of eternal peace." 
By Daniel Rollins, Esq., of Boston. 

History of the Goodricke Family. Edited by Charles Attred Goodricke. Lon- 
don : Printed for the Editor by Hazell, "Watson and Viney. Limited. 1835. 
Imp. Svo. pp. 62. 

Miscellania Mfirescalliana, being Genealogical Notes on the Surname Marshal/. Col- 
lected by George Wiluam Marshall, LL.D. Vol. II. Parti. Ezeter, 1885. 
Rvo. pp. 142. 

Genealogy of the Family of George Weef;es of Dorchester, Mass., 1635-16.50; with 
some Information in regard to oth^^r Families of the Name. By Robert D. Weeks. 
18S5. Press of L. J. Ilardham, Newark, N. J, Bvo. pp. 468. Price i^S in cloth ; 
higher prices for extra binding. 

Phillips Genealogies, including the Family of George Phillips, First Minister of Wa- 
terloirn, Mass. [and Other Families]. Compiled by Albert M. Phillips. Au- 
burn, Mass. 16b5. Bvo. pp. 233. 

Descendants of the Brothers Jeremiah and John Wood. Compiled by William S. 
Wood, Supt. City Schools, Seymour, Ind. Worcester, Mass. : Press of Charles 
Hamilton. 1885. Svo. pp. 292. 

Descendants of Peter Willemse Roome. 1SS3. Bvo. pp. 348-f-62. 

Th" Bontecou Genealogy. A Record of the Descendants of Pierre Bontccou, a 

Hugueriot Refugu from France in the Lines of his Sons. Compiled by John E. 

Morris. Hartford, Conn. Press of Case, Lockwood & Braiuard Company. 1885. 

Svo. pp. 271. 

Leighton Genealogy. An Account of the Descendants of Capt. William Leighton 
of Kittery, Maine. By Tristram Frost Jordan, of Metuchen, N.J. Albany, 
N. Y. : Press of Joel Munsell's Sons. 1885. Svo. pp. 127. Price $1. 

Genealogical Memoranda. Snively. A.D. 1659 — A.D. 18S2. Compiled and Ar- 
ranged by (Rev.) William Andrfw Snively (S.T.D.). Brookl^'n, N. Y. Print- 
ed for Private Circulation. 1683. bm. 4to. pp. 77. 

Genealogy of the Perrin Family. Compiled by Glover Perlv. St. Paul : Pioneer 
Press. 1885. 12mo. pp. 224. 

The Genealofjy oj the Famil\j of Gamaliel Gerould, Son of Dr. Jaques (or James) 
Jerauld of the Province of Lauguedoc, France. Bristol, l^.U.. Enterprise Power 
Press Co. 1885. Svo. pp. 85. Price .$1. 

Sketch and Genealogy of the First Three Generations of the Connecticut Haydens. 
With a Map shoictng the Locality in which they Settled. By Jabez H. Havden, 
of Windsor Locks, Conn. Hartford, Conn. Press of the Case, Lockwood & 
Brainard Company, 1&85. Svo. pp. 20. 

Genealogical Notes. L American Ancestry of U. S. Grant. By Dr. II. E. Robin- 
son. Privately Printed. )s85. 18mo. pp. 17. Only 50 copies printed. 

The Doings at the First National Gathering of Thurstons at Neicburyport, Mass., 
June 24, 25, 1865. Portland, Me. : Brown Thurston, Publisher. 1865. Svo. 
pp. 75. 

Second Annual Reunion of the Hartioell Family. 1865. Svo. pp. 15. 
Hamlin. 1885. Royal Bvo. pp. 4." 



i.-s.ioi'I . ioc^ j*-. .; 



.■r: H 



i'l •'■'•" 



130 Booh J^otices. [Jan. 

Hampton Lane Family Mcmorinl. A reprint of the Address at the Funeral of Dca. 

Joshua Lane of Hampton, X. H. {who was kiikd by iii/htmnr/, June 14, I'm), by 

his son Dea. Jeremiah Lane of Hampton Falls, icilh Sketc/ies of his Ancestry and 

Families to tlie fourth f/encration from William Lane of Boston. Mass., Itijl. liy 

Rev. Jas. p. Lane. Norton : Printed by Lane Brothers. 1SS5. ISmo. pp. 35. 

Price 25 cents, for sale by the Rev. J. P. Ltiue, Norton. 
The New England Roy alls. By Edward Doubleday Uarris. Boston: David Clapp 

& Son, Printers. ISS5. Royal 8vo. pp. "21. 

We continue this quarter our notices of recently published genealogical works. 

The Goodricke family, wliieh heads our list, is the work annv)unced in our Jan- 
uary number as in preparation. Our expectations of it have l)een tuily realized. 
The author, Mr. Goodricke, of London, has been very successful in coUectinir, from 
public and private records, printed books and other sources, ample material^ illus- 
trating the history of this prominent £ngli>h family, which is here traced in an 
unbroken line to 1493. Fumilies have been seated in the Counties of Lincoln, 
Sufiblk, Cambridge, Norfolk and York. The book has a special interest in this 
country from the connection of Gov. Richard Bellinghaiu witli this family (Register, 
xxxvi. 361-6), from which the American GoodricAes are probably an uflshoot. 
Tabular pedigrees and full biographies of the more prominent members of the 
family are given. The book is handsomely printed, and illustrated by portraits of 
Thomas Goodricke, bishop of Ely, 1534. and the Rt. Hon. Sir Henry Goodncke, 
bart., ambassador to Spain, 1681-3, and other engravings. A few copies only re- 
main in the author's hands. 

Miscellanea Mariscalliaua, the nest book, is the first part of a second volume ot 
the work noticed by us April, 18S4, of which tiky copies were printed for presenta- 
tion to institutions and friends. Dr. :Marshail has for about a quarter of a century 
been collectinsr genealogical facts relative to his family name. 

The Weeks "genealogy is a work of much labor, and is carefully compiled. The 
descendants of George'Weekes till more than half tlie volume, and the index takes 
about fifty pages. The rest is devoted to other families of the name in various parts of 
the country. The book is well printed and bound, and is illustrated by numerous 
portraits and autographs. 

The Phillips volume contains, besides the posterity of the Rev. George Phillips, 
of Watertown, among whom are many distinguished characters, descendants of 
Ebenezer of Southbol-o", Tliomas of Duxbury, Thomas of Marshfieid, Juhn of 
Easton, James of Ipswich, and others. Till this book appeared, the fullest account 
of the Phillipses was in Bond's ^^atertown. The volume is compiled with great 
care, has many tine portraits, and is well indexed, well printed and well bound. 

The volume on the Wood family is a very full record of the descendants of two 
brothers, Jeremiah Wood of Littleton, and Dea. John Wood of Framingham. The 
■writer of this notice knows that much labor has been spent in gathering materials 
for this book, and the success which has crowned Mr. Wood's labors is a reward for 
his perseverance under the apparently hopeless prospect which met him in his in- 
vestigations in the early generations. The book is well arranged and has good 
indexes. It is illustrated by a number of fine portraits. 

The author of the book on the Roome family is P. R. Warner, Esq., who is 
maternally descended from it. The immigrant ancestor, Peter Willem.«e Roome, 
was married in New York, Nov. 26. 16S4, to Hester Van Gelder. The author has 
been very successful in obtaining a full record of their descendants, which he pre- 
sents to his readers in clear typography. The book is well indexed. 

The Bontecou volume is devoted to the posterity of Pierre Bontecou, a merchant 
of Rochelle, who was driven by persecution from France, and after staying awhile 
in England settled in IGfi'.J in New York. The descendants recorded in this hand- 
somely printed volume number one thousand. There is here a history of the name, 
■which is fcaid to be of Dutch or Flemish origin, and appears in tlie form of Bontekbe. 
The book has a good index. 

The Leighton genealogy is by Mr. Jordan, the author of the Jordan book noticed 
by us in October" ISsi. Besides the descendants of Capt. Leighton it Contains notes 
of the families of Frost, Hill, Banc, Wentworth, Langdon, Bragdon, Parsons, 
Pepperrell, Fernald and Nason ; and also brief memoirs of Major Ciiarles Frost of 
Kittery, and Capt. Jolm Hill of Berwick, .Me. The book is well arranged, printed 
and indexed. It i.^ illustrated wich portraits. 

The Volume on the Snively family relates to the de-cf,'nilants of Joliann Jacob 
ScLuebele, who was born iu Switzerland in 1659, and to avoid persecution came, in 



1886.] 



Deaths. 



131 



1714, to America, Fettling in Lancaster County. Pa. The basis of this work is a 
Genealof:iral Register by Joseph Snively, published about twenty years ago. m 
which some of the older data were preserved. The author of the present work, the 
Rev. Dr. ^nivelly, has added much to it and has had it neatly printed in a volume. 

The Perrin volume is c )mpiled by Asst. Surgeon General Perin. U.S. .A.., of Fort 
Snelling, Minn. It contains tlie descendants of J;'hn Perryn who settled at Brain- 
tree, and afterward removed to Rehoboth, where he died Sept. 13. 167i. The w^rk 
is well arranged, with an index of christian names. Blank pages with headings 
for additions are interspersed through the volume. 

The Gcrould genealogy is by the Rev. Samuel L. Gerould, of Goffstown, N. H., 
well known as a painstaking antiquary. Dr. JaqnC'^ or James Jerauld, tlie stirps 
of this family, was a iluguenot, who settled in Medtield, probaldy in the beginning 
of tl>e last century. The descendants of his grands.-'n Jabez, who reside mostly in 
Pennsylvania, have held several quinquenniel meetings, and this vulume is tlie re- 
sult of action at the last meeting, September, ISS4. It is well arranged and printed, 
and has three indexes. 

The next ::enealo2y, that of the Hayden family of Connecticut, descended from 
William Ilayden, an early settler of' Ilartt^ord,' gives three generations, butb in 
narrative and in tabular form. 

Dr. Robinson's pamphlet on Gen. Grant's ancestry is the fii-«t of a series of 
Genealogical Notes. It was first published in the R-puhlican, Maryville. Xodaway 
Co., Mo., Aug. 13. 15S5. The first person to trace Gen. Grant's ancestry to his 
immigrant ancestor, Matthew Grant of Windsor, was Hon. Richard .\. Wheeler of 
Stoningtun, Ct. (Register, xxi. 174). The present pamphlet is a reliable and in- 
teresting Compilation. 

The Thurston pamphlet gives the proceedings at the gathering of that family at 
Newburyport, June 21, 1SS5. The opening addre-s was by Hon. Ariel S. Thurston, 
of Elmyra. N. Y., as were also the remarks at the site of the old homestead. '• A 
history of the Thurston (,Tenealovdes," by Browu Thurston, of Portland, Me., was 
read by Rev. John K. Thurston. 

The'llartwell pamphlet contains the exercises at the meeting of that fiimily at 
Concord, Mass., Sept. IS, 1SS5. Remarks were made by L. W. Densmore, of HilLs- 
boro' Centre. N. II., who is preparing a genealogy of the name, and by other promi- 
nent descendants of "William Hartwell of Concord. 

The leaves on the Hamlins are by the late Professor Charles E. Hamlin, of Cam- 
bridge, and were prepared as material fir Mr. Daniels, of Oxford, ^lass., now en- 
gaged on a iiistory of that town, and are printed for preservation. 

The Lane pamphlet is described in its title. Rev. Mr. Lane_ deserves the thanks 
of his relatives for reprinting the funeral sermon and adding the genealogical 
appendix. 

The Royall genealorry is reprinted from the Register for October last, with large 
and important additions. Before Mr. Harris undert.vjk his task, the genealogy of 
the Royall family was very imperfectly known, and it required extensive research to 
reduce it into order. 



DEATHS. 



John S.i.LToy5T.vi,L Clark, of Peoria, 111., 
died March 12, 18S.5, a'^ed 6G, and was 
buried in Oakland Cemetery, Genesco. 
He was born at Waltham, Mass., 27 
Sept., 1820, the eldest surviving: son of 
AVUliam' Clark, Avho died at Geneseo, 
111., 16 Aug., 1SG9, ascd SO, who was the 
onlv child of Dr. William* Clarke of 
Waltham, who died 18 Oct., 179.3, aeed 
39. The latter was a nephew of Rev. 
Jonathan and Elizabeth (Clarke)* May- 
hew. John S. Clark was of the eighth 
generation from Doctor i'Aiw Clarke and 
wife Martha (Saltoustallr) of Boston. 



He leaves by wife Cat'narine St.anlcy, 
who d. 22 March, 1877. three children: 
Wdliam Osgood' C;-rk, of Peoria; 
Clarissa P.,' wife of Samuel C. Dickson 
of Monmouth, 111. ; Ge-.jr;je R.' Clark 
of Minneapolis, Minn. There are other 
members of this old family stdl resident 
in Bo-; ton, descended from Samuel' 
Clarke, who died 31 Jan., 1748, aged 
about 7-5, and whose sLip-yard wns at 
the foot of Forster's Lane (or Clarke 
Street) , North End. 

I. J. Geeznwood. 



' ; ' , . V . 






132 



Deaths. 



[Jan. 



John IIassam, Esq., died in Boston. Aug. 
3, lSS-3. a:red nearly 76 years. lie was 
bom in Manche-tor, Mass., Sept. 4, 
ISOLl, and was the oldest son of Capt. 
Jonathan* Ilassani, a retired shipmaster 
and a lineal descendant of AVilliara* 
Ilassam, who settled in Manchester 
about lGS4,throu:;h Jonathan," William^ 
and Jonathan'* (see Registek for Oct., 
1870, xxiv. 414). He came to Boston 
when a lad of fourteen and learned the 
trade of a book-binder, but soon alter 
attaining his majority, began to turn his 
attention to real estate, and, al'ter a 
brief residence in Xew York, linally 
established himscli' in Boston as a real 
estate broker. In this field, his pru- 
dence, forethought and business sairacity 
soon brought him well deserved success. 
During the later years of his life he 
had practically retired from active work 
and devoted himself principally to the 
care of trust property and the manage- 
ment of estates. He was greatly re- 
spected for his integrity and unswerv- 
ing honesty, and as executor and 
administrator settled many valuable 
estates. By his wife Abby, a dauj;hter 
of Capt. A.mos Hilton of Manchester, 
Mass., he had two sons and a daughter, 
all bom in Boston, who survive him. 

William John Thoms, F.S.A., the found- 
er and for many years the editor of yo'es 
and Qxieries, died at his house. St. 
Georsre's Square, Eelgra.-e road. Lon- 
don. England, Saturday. Aug. lo, 1SS5, 
aged 81. He was buried at Brompton 
cemetery, on the Thursday following, 
Aug. 20, His son in law. the Rev. E. 
M. Tomlinson, vicar of Holy Trinity, 
Minories, read the burial service at ,he 
church which Mr. Thoms had attended 
(St. Mary's church, St. Vincent Sq\iare) 
and at the grave. His eight sons and 
daughters and their children were pre- 
sent, also many distinguished men, 
among them Joseph Knight, tiie present 
editor of Notes aiid Queries, and Xorman 
ilcColl, the editor of the Athencenm. 
Mr. Thoms, was a son of Xathaniel and 
Buth Ann Thoms, was born November 
16, 1803, and baptized at St. Maraaret's 
Church, We^tnilnstcr, on the loth of 
December following. His father was 
secretary of the tirst Commission of 
Revenue Inrjuiry. 

!Mr. Thoms commenced his ac- 
tive life as a clerk in the Secretary's 
office, Chelsea Hospital, occupying his 
leisure in contributing to the' Foreign 
QiMrterl)/ Rivieic and other periodicals. 
He was elected a Fellow of the Society 



of Antiquaries in 1838, and was from 
that year to 1873 secretary of the C.-.rn- 
den Society. His first publicati-'u. "A 
Collection of Early Prose Romances." 
appeared in 1S2S. The titles of other 
works will be found in "ISIen of the 
Thne," from which work and Xoie-s jtid 
QwnVs, Aug. 22, 1SS5, this obituary has 
been compiled, free use being made of the 
language. In 1SG3 he was appointed 
deputy librarian of the House of Lords, 
a post he resigned in 1882 in conse- 
quence of old age. In 1849 he projected 
A'oiffs and Queries, the first number of 
which appeared November 3d. In that 
year (Reg. xxxviii. 3.57). He edited 
the work till Sept., 1872, nearly tWi.r;ty- 
three years. This periodical is perliaps 
his best monument. He was able to 
make the work a success fro:n the 
personal regard felt for him by a lar^e 
circle of literary friends. Ills suc- 
cessor in the editorial chair of y-xes 
and Queries gives this estimate of his 
character : 

" A sound and an accurate sch'-'iar. the 
close ally during more than half a cen- 
tury of the best English and foreign 
scholars. Mr. Thoms had in an en.uient 
degree the serviceable gift of kno-n-ing 
where infonnation was to be found. 
This quality, invaluable in a librarian as 
well . as in an editor, rendered Lim es- 
pecially serviceable to the memotrs of 
the House of Lords, with many of 
whom he was on terms of close an i hon- 
orable intimacy. His genial fancy and 
humor and his social gifts render r-i him 
a favorite in all companies, while such 
were his good nature, his kind-hearted- 
ness and tact, that he was mixei up in 
no arch^tological feud or quiuneL and 
preserved throuirh his life a re' ?rd of 
intimacies and friendships ur/croken 
and undiversined by a single cuorrel. 
Mr. Thoms was before all thin:rs a stu- 
dent. The stores of his admiral: ly fur- 
nished mind were at the service ci any 
one engaged in earnest work ; but he 
was retiring in nature, little _'lven to 
promiscuous hospitality, and Ll""r ad- 
dicted to the life of clubs. Few drures 
were less familiar than his at the Athe- 
naeum Club, of which durin- nifizy years 
he was a member. In religion a mo- 
derate High Churchman, and in T>:;litic.s 
a strong Conservative, he held aloof 
from polemics, and he frequently, under 
a sense of official rcsponsihUiry, ab- 
stained from voting when a Government 
opposed to his sympathies was in 
power." 



.•J!ty<^q 






'^ ^>5^ ^>. 






^. 



^"' 




f^^^^ 



^''-OJ. J'oiic-: :-"'il! - 



iQ^.U X-o-r5-5/M.;:Txo-(7 



-L 



JU^ 



..^S-'teN'-- 






THE 

HISTORICAL l^D GENEALOGICAL 
REGISTER. 



APRIL, 1886. 



MEMOIR OF ASHBEL WOOD^YARD, :\I.D. 

By P. H. Woodward, Esq., of Hartford, Conn. 

ripHE death of Aslibel Wooaward, M.D.,* of Franklin, Connec- 
JL ticut, December 20, 1885, closed a long, laborious and emi- 
nentls' useful career. Dr. Woodward was born June 26, 180-i. in 
"Willington, Conn., the ancestral farm lying on the border line, 
partly in that town and partly in Ashford. Graduating at the Med- 
ical Department of Bowdoin College in 2^Iay, 1829, he settled two 
months later in Franklin, where he continued to reside till the end. 

As a physician Dr. Woodward was noted for quickness and r.ccu- 
racy of perception. In the sick room nothing escaped his attonti n. 
He was especially successful in desperate cases, detecting with the 
rapidity of intuitiun the slightest change in the condition of the pa- 
tient, and anticipating every emergency. 

The estimation in which he was held by medical brethren is shown 
by the trusts confided to him, and the distinctions conferred upon 
him. Besides filling many other positions, he was, from 18.3>^ to 
1861, president of the Connecticut ^ledical Society. His annual 
addresses on "Life," "Medical Ethics," and "An Ilisturical 
Sketch " of the Society, attracted much attention at the time, and 
are stdl remembered. He was also from its formation an active and 
deeply interested member of the American Medical Association, and 
an honorary member of several state societies. 

In the early days of the Rebellion he was appointed . by Gov. 
Buckingham one of the board to examine surgeons for the volunteer 
regiments of the state. Into the conflict for the preservation of the 
union he threw his feelings and efibrts with the ardor which charac- 
terized all his undertakings. As the drain upon the resources of the 
country became more pronounced, he decided to go to tiie front him- 
self, and as surgeon of the 26th Conn, shared in the siege and cap- 

* AsUV>el Woodward was the seventh in descent from Richard Woodward, wlio err.^ark- 
cd in tho .-hip Elizahcth at Ipswich, En?l:ind, April 10. l€-'54, and wlio-e name is or. -.he 
earliest li-t of pminict.jrs of Watertown, Ma;5. The Woodward i^'euLalogy is i^'iven in. Dr. 
Henry Bonn's lliitory of Watertown. 
VOL. XL. 13 



134 Memoir of Ashhel Woodward, jSI.D. [April, 

tnre of Port Hudson. lie was then nearly sixty years of apre, and 
his friends attempted to discouraixe the purpose on the crround that 
he was too old to bear the privations and hardships of life in camp. 
Indeed tlie warning's nearly proved true, for on his return home, 
after serving out the term of enlistment, he was long and danger- 
ously ill with malarial fever. 

Although driven with professional work, Dr. Woodward in some 
way found time to accomplish much with the pen. In addition to 
the addresses already referred to, he contributed numerous papers 
which ai'e preserved in the " proceedings " annually published by 
the Connecticut Medical Society. At the request of the family of 
Gen. Nathaniel Lyon, he prepared a biography of that early martyr 
for the union, whose skill as a soldier was not less conspicuous than 
liis devotion as a patriot. lie had previously written a niomoir of 
Col. Thomas Knowlton, a grand uncle of Gen. Lyon on the mater- 
nal side. Col. Knowlton commanded the continentals stationed be- 
hind the rail fence at Bunker Hill, and was killed in battle at Har- 
lem Heights, September 16, 1776. Joel ^lunsell, of Albany, in 
1878, published a small volume written by Dr. Woodward, upon 
" Wampum " — a subject to which he had given long attention. As 
a member of the committee of arrangements, he took an active part 
in the celebration of the two hundredth anniversary of the settlement 
of the town of Xorwich, September 7th and Sth, 1859, and for the 
book containing the records of tliat event, furnished the paper on 
the " Early Physicians of Xorwich."' 

October 14, 1868, the Congregational Church of Franklin cele- 
brated the one hundred and fiftieth anniversary of its organization, 
when Dr. Woodward delivered the historical address. This was 
afterwards expanded into a ''History of Franklin." 

Dr. Woodward had great fondness for local historical, and espe- 
cially for genealogical, investii^ations. His knowledge of the line- 
ages of old New England families was extensive and at instant com- 
mand. His writings on this class of subjects are to be found in the 
Xew England Historical and Genealogical Kegister, and in other 
publications. 

During life he was a collector of rare books, pamphlets, coins, 
Indian relics and autographs. In accumulating a library he made 
a specialty of town and county histories, and of monographs on im- 
portant events.* 

In the early autumn of 1879 the neighbors of Dr. Woodward, on 
a sudden impulse, improvised a social gathering to celebrate the 
semi-centennial anniversary of his settlement among them. Infor- 

• Dr. "Woodward was one of the most thoroui^h and reliable of our New Enir'.and anti- 
quaries. He liad accumulated a vast fund of information upon f.iraily and local history, 
p^irticnlarly of his native state, wliich he was always rcadv to communicate to thr.so en- 
pa'.'ed ill investi.^atin^r these subjects. He tool< much intense in tlie New England Historic 
G'-ncaloirical Society, of which he was elected a corrc-pondinc: member in lSJ.3. He inan- 
itc-tcd his interest ill the Regisxkh by sutiscribing for two copies of tlie work and con- 
tributing many vahiable papers fur its images. — Editor. 






, III j:ii 1, *'»t!T» 



1886.] Memoir of Ashhel Woodward, M.D. 135 

mal verbal invitations were passed from one to another to meet at liis 
residence on the afternoon of September 5th. Short as was the no- 
tice, people came in throngs from near and far till the house was 
filled, while the overtk)w iningled in conversation on the lawns and 
beneath the trees without. Some drove fifteen miles and more. 
The enclosures, swarming with vehicles and animated groups, pre- 
sented an appearence as picturesque as it was unusual. The day 
proved to be one of rare beauty, cool for the season, coming and 
going in cloudless splendor. Floral testimonials decorated the ta- 
bles, including several of rare flowers and of elaborate arrangement. 
As the shadows from the western hills began to fall across the valley, 
the Rev. C. F. Jones, from the front steps, in the presence of the 
guests, addressed Dr. Woodward in a few sentences expressive of 
the esteem and affection of the community. 

I have been commissioned to the pleasant duty of makuig the presenta- 
tion address to you. You have outlived nearly all who began practice with 
you as your cotemporarles. To have lived long is a distinction, but to 
have lived well is a still greater distinction, and that dis.tiiietiou we regard 
as yours. Few occupations afford more oppoitunities fur doing good tiiau 
that of a physician. We recognize your sincerity, integrity and profes- 
sional enthusiasm. In summer and winter, siuishiue and storm, by night 
and by day, you have gone over these hills and through these vallevs. seek- 
ing to relieve distress, prolonging many lives and atibrding much hap[)iness. 
Faithful, true and self-sacrificing, you have endeared yourself to many, and 
it is with thanks that we gather here to-day. We desire to recognize your 
services in public atfairs. educational, civil and religious. Througii your 
writings, professional skill and reputation, you have honored this commu- 
nity. It is with sentiments of this kind that I am commissioned to present 
to you this testimonial of our atFection, esteem and enduring friendship. 
May it be au emblem of the strong, unbending attachment of tho»e gath- 
ered here. 

Dr. Woodward was then presented with an elegant gold-headed 
ebony cane. On it was engraved ; 

1829. 

Presented to 

AsHBEL Woodward, M.D., 

as a memorial 

of 50 years 

of professional 

service. 

1879. 

In accepting the gift, the recipient with much feeliupr made a few 
personal remarks, substantially as follows : 

I came here fifty years ago with an uncertain future before me, but I 
desired success only on the condition that I should be fully qualified for the 
practice of my profession, and should so discharge its duties as to entitle 
me to the favor of my employers. I posted no bills; I had no runners ; 
I did not advertise. I procured a shingle, but did not put it out. I never 
sought business. The favors which came were spontaneous. But I do not 



•!>;ii' vni^X»l 



JUIJ 



136 Memoir of AsJihel Woodioard, 21. D. [April, 

stand here to boast. My career with you has been a living epistle to be 
read by all. Ami now I desire to thank you most sincerely for the "ift 
which you have placed in my hands. Nothing could be more a]-)pro[)riate 
for an antediluvian to lean upon than a trusty statF. I shall esteem it a 
precious reminder of your favor. 

Hon. La Fayette S. Foster, a native of Franklin and ex-United 
States Senator, then added a few words appropriate to the occasion, 
after which refreshments were served. 

During the active career of Dr. Woodward, great clianges were 
effected in the distribution of the intellectual and social energies of 
New England. In relative importance and prosperity tlie country 
towns steadily declined. Early in the century divines of conspicu- 
ous ability labored contentedly in rural parishes, while physicians of 
eminent skill found ample scope for ambition in serving the scattered 
population around them. Meanwhile the development of manufac- 
tures and tlie construction of railways have accomplished a revolution. 
Shadowed by growing cities, rural communities must now struggle 
to avoid palpable retrogression. So preponderant are the centrifu- 
gal forces, that from many the old family names, with their tradi- 
tions and pride, have well nigh disappeared. Dr. "Woodward pre- 
ferred rural scenes. Located in a rpiadrangular valley of remarka- 
ble beauty, amid orchards and vines of his own planting, devoted to 
his profession and to his home, he could heartily quote the remark 
often repeated by the venerable Samuel Xott, D.D., whose resi- 
dence crowned the neighboring hill, and whose pastorate in Frank- 
lin, beginning in 1782, covered a period of sixty-five years, ''Our 
lines are cast in pleasant places." 

There are solid reasons for believing that the fortunes of our coun- 
try towns will ere long experience a marked and permanent re- 
vival. Indeed, at various points the improvement has already 
made substantial headway. The West, which has remorselessly 
drained us of our youth, is filling up. She no longer offers bound- 
less areas of virgin soil to tempt immigration. At home the finan- 
cial extravagance displayed in the government of cities, enhancing 
both directly and indirectly the cost of living, will more and more 
direct attention to the fair fields and limpid brooks once threatened 
with desertion. What is lost in the heroic virtues by the withdrawal 
of the hard conditions of the past, will be made up by the growing 
cultivation of the beautiful. Gardens will bloom, art will be pur- 
sued, homes will be made lovely, the surroundings of life will be- 
come attractive, where communities now find difficulty in keeping 
alive the religious and educational institutions establ'ihed by the 
fathers. 

From early manhood Dr. Woodward was a member of the Con- 
gregational Church of Franklin, and never wearied in efforts to sus- 
tam and strengthen it.. lie was not only a devout but also an un- 
questioning believer in tlie teachings of Christianity. His last Sun- 



1886.] A Suggestion as to Henry Jacob. 137 

day on earth found him in his accustomed place, officiating- as 
deacon. 

During his long term of active service Dr. Woodward ministered in 
sickness to at least six successive generations, and from tlie beo in- 
ning to the end commanded the unqualified confidence of his client- 
age. Often appealed to for counsel and guidance, he was never 
known to discuss or even mention a matter that came to his knowledf^e 
in the sacredness of professional intercourse. Scru[)ulou3 in per- 
forming the work of each day, thorough in all undertakings, intol- 
erant of sham and pretense, direct in aims and methods, he pursued 
uncompromisingly the paths marked out by his concej)tions of dutv. 
In some respects he seemed to belong more to a former a^re than "to 
the present. On the maternal side inheriting from a clerical ances- 
try the stern theological opinions of early Xew England, Dr. "Wood- 
ward himself in beliefs, sympathies and character, was a marked 
survival of the Puritans. 

His wife (Emeline Bicknell), to whom he was married in May, 
1832, with two sons, survive him. 



A SUGGESTION AS TO HENRY JACOB. 

By the Rev. Edward D. Neill, of St. Paul, Min. 

ENRY JACOB, the first Congregational minister in London, 
Wood, in AthencB Oxomenses mentions, entered Saint Ma- 
ry's Hall, Oxford, A.D. 1579, at the age of sixteen, took Holy 
Orders, was precentor of Christ Church College, and in the last 
years of his life pastor of the Independent Church in London, but, 
that while he died at about the age of sixty years, he did not know 
in what place. ^ 

Neal, in History of the Purit'^ns, writes that Jacob, with the 
consent of his church, about the year 1624, went to Virginia, where 
he soon died. After a search of twenty-five years the writer of this 
article has found no trace of him in Virginia. In March, 1023, the 
ship Sea Flower, on its way to Virginia, while in Bermudas harbor, 
was blown up by the careless conmiunication of fire to the powder 
magazine, and eighteen lives were lost. 

In Leroy's Bermudas there is a letter from London, to the gover- 
nor of the Island, in which are these words: "The poor woman, 
the widow elacob, doth still follow and importune us for the restitu- 
tion of those goods of hers." The first thing on her inventory was, 
"a black gown lined with fur." The governor replied that he coidd 
learn nothing of the gown, but he was told that the divers found a 
very great chest, which in attempting to put into a boat, slipped 
into the sea and was lost. 

May not Henry Jacob have been one of tlie eighteen drowned by 
the explosion of the Sea Flower ? • 

VOL. XL. 13* 



138 President Wilder s Address. [April, 



ADDRESS OF THE HOX. MARSHALL P. WILDER. 

Delivered at the Annual Meetinirof the New England Historic Gexealogical Society, 

January 6, 1S86. 

Gentlemen of the Society : 

This is the Nineteenth time you have called me to the presidency 
of this Society. Most gratefull}' do I appreciate the honor so 
repeatedly conferred, and only regret that I have not more strength 
and ability to discharge acceptably the duties incumbent upon me. 
But whether in the chair or out, I shall most cheerfully bring into 
service such as I may possess, while my life continues. 

Men die ! One generation passeth away and another cometh, 
but institutions live, and those who survive must carry on their 
work. Thus it hath been, thus it shall be. We who live come 
together to-day to concert measures for the prosecution of our work. 

Since our last anniversary we have to-nwurn the loss of thirty- 
nine members who have passed over to the spirit-land where life 
shall never cease and history never end. The average age attained 
by them is seventy -three years three months and twenty-seven davs, 
still maintaining the remarkable longevity of our deceased members. 
Two members have passed the age of ninety, and none were less 
than fifty years old. Their names and characters will be recorded 
and reported by our historiographer, but I deem it proper to allude 
to some of those who have been officially connected with us, or were 
otherwise distinguished for their services in behalf of the public 
good. 

Among those whom we desire to recall to mind for their eminent 
services in our behalf, are two vice-presidents and three directors. 

The venerable Hiland Hall, LL.D., vice-president of the Society 
for Vermont, was the author of a history of that state, had been its 
governor and had represented it in Congress. He had reached the 
age of over ninety at the time of his death. 

Mr. Edward Kidder, our honorary vice-president for North 
Carolina, was a warm friend of my own of long standing, a useful 
member of society, and a business man of the strictest inteuritv. 

.Mr. Frederic Kidder, more recently deceased, a brother of the 
preceding, the second treasurer of this Society, and a director of 
many jears, did much to build it up in its early days, and labored 
for its prosperity as long as his health permitted. 

Rear Admiral Geo. Henry Preble was a director, and, for a lono' 
course of years, one of our active members. His services to his 
country as a brave officer, and to literature as a voluminous writer, 
will long embalm his memory. 

Mr. Henry P^dwards was for many years chairman of our Fiuance 



■'iji 

:'•■■ 



■i.i^ 



....i:jn: 



.:i.,i;. ' 1 ! v' !■< ;fi,,;' ''■■l'' 'UiMf^ M.IJJ1U 



1880.] President Wilder' s Address. 139 

Committee and a director of the Society ; a man of most estimable 
character in all the relations of life. He was in years one of our 
oldest members, an active merchant of former days, of distinguished 
ancestry, devoted to benevolent works, amiable in disposition, a true 
christian gentleman and friend of humanity. 

Mr. Isaac Child, a former treasurer of the Society, who had 
reached the ripe age of ninety-three, was of all our members the 
oldest with possibly one exception. 

Among my intimate friends I will name ^Messrs. Charles O. Whit- 
more, William Parsons, Joseph W. Tucker, and the Hon. Charles 
R. Train, with whom I have been pleasantly associated for a Ion"- 
course of years. 

Nor should we forget the Rev. Samuel Irenaius Prime, D.D., 
the editor of the J^^eiu York Observer, distinguished as an author; 
the Hon. Edward A. Rollins, a benefactor of Dartmouth College; 
Prof. Benjamin Silliman of Yale College ; the Hun. Caleb Stetson, 
the Hon. Xathan Crosby, LL.D., the Rev. Samuel C. Damon, 
D.D., the devoted missionary in Honolulu; Mr. John A. Lewis, 
Ashbel Woodward, M.D., and Franklin B. Hough, M.D., LL.D., 
the last five of whom have done much work in the specialties of this 
Society. 

And still another, greater than the rest, and for whose recent 
death the great heart of our nation still throbs with grief. Our 
Honorary Member, Gen. L'lysses S. Grant, ex-President of the 
United States, the great soldier, has passed on to the Final Review 
above, where his peaceful soul shall no more be disturbed by the storms 
and convulsions of earth and the revulsions of party and the crimes 
and criticisms of men, where war shall never lift its bloody hand, 
where peace eternal reigns. The whole nation mourns his death. 
The South and the Xorth clasped hands over his bier, and mingled 
their tears in token of gratitude to the memory of him who saved uur 
land. It wa. Grant who brought victory to the L'nion cause. A 
sense of justice demands for him an earthly immortality. We 
assign him a place among the illustrious men of our age who are 
entitled to the gratitude of mankind, whose worthy deeds shall bless 
the world long after they have passed away. He rests in the bosom 
of the land he loved, on the banks of the beautiful Hudson, a spot 
which will be forever dear to the generations of American freemen. 
Thus one by one we pass away I The fell Destroyer, regardless 
of v»-orth or wealth, of rank or power, consigns to the bosom of 
mother earth the nearest and dearest objects of our home and love, 
and casts a gloom over the remainder of life. But thanks to a mer- 
ciful God, they still live with Him, where we shall ^c; united with 
them again, where sickness, death and parting will come no more. 

Thoazh lust to sight, they never die. 
The spirit still is ever nigh. 

In my last address I made known to you that I had obtained 









. . . :r. "iT ..iflfO li" 



h(ji}ij:j'y' Ixi' 1 *rill i)<»7 on avvcuJ i,.;^.:! i. 



140 President MTilder's Address. [April, 

subscriptions to the amount of twenty-five thousand dollars for the 
enlargement of our House, and advised tlie appointment of a Build- 
ing Committee for this purpose. This subject was referred to the 
Board of Directors with full powers, but the location of the new 
Court House immediately in front of our House has arrested our 
progress, not knowing what effect this might have on our property 
in the future. This money has all been collected and is now avail- 
able for that purpose. 

By the reports which are to be submitted to-day, it will be seen 
that our Society is in a very healthful and progressive state. The 
same spirit and personal sacrifice and enterprise still exist, which 
have characterized the past, and from which rich harvests of histori- 
cal knowledge are continually acquii'cd. The judicious management 
of our funds has given full assurance that bequests and donations 
will be sacredly appropriated to the object for which they have been 
given. 

The New England Historical and Genealogical Register, the 
organ of the Society, lias now entered the fortieth year of its pub- 
lication. This series of volumes contains a vast amount of material 
on the history of the country and particularly of New England. I 
would recommend that all members of the Society and others in- 
terested in historical studies subscribe for this work, which has 
received the commendations of competent critics. By so doing they 
will enable the publishing committee to add to the interest of the 
work, as all moneys received for it are expended on the publication. 
With the issue of every volume the Register becomes more and more 
valuable. A complete set now commands more than one hundred 
and fifty dollars. 

The use of the library still continues to increase, and visitors from 
all parts of the Union avail themselves of the opportunity that it 
offers them to investigate American history, biography and gene- 
alogy. Though the additions to the library have been large during 
the past year there are still important deficiencies, which, if more 
money were at our disposal, could be supplied. We need also more 
funds for binding books and periodicals. Would that some generous 
soul might endow the Society with more funds for this purpose. 

I again congratulate the Society on the great success which is 
attending the researches now making in England under its auspices 
by Mr. Henry F. Waters. His discovery during the past year of 
the ancestry of John Harvard, a problem which antiquaries for 
more than forty years have in vain attempted to solve, is a most 
remarkable achievement, and well deserves the honorary degree 
which Harvard College conferred upon him at the last Commence- 
ment. These investigations are of great importance, and I trust 
that funds sufficient to carry them on un!nterru[)tcdly tor a series of 
years may be speedily raised. I again commend this most worthy 
project to the members of this Society, and refer them to the report 



!>"> J V •-' 1121 i^ii..' •^»;^ij j:.\jiH 



El! •1-I 



-J .-vlo,. 



•n i !>i!.: . 






1886.] President Wilder's Address. _ 141 

of ]Mr. Ilassam, chairman of the committee in charge of the matter, 
for fuller details. 

I have on two previous occasions referred to the publication of 
our early Suffolk Deeds. The third volume has now been printed 
by authority of the Board of Aldermen of the City of Boston acting 
as County Commissioners for the County of Suffolk. It brings these 
County records down to the year 1G62. These volumes are of the 
greatest importance, not merely to the conveyancer, but to every 
investigator of local and family history. The execution of the work 
reflects the greatest credit on the two members of our Society to 
whom Ave are indebted for it. The antiquarian zeal, the patience 
and perseverance of ]\Ir. William B. Trask in deciphering and copy- 
ing these ancient records, and carrying the book through the press, 
we cannot too highly praise. The ingenious and thorough indexes 
prepared under the supervision of IMr. John T. Ilassam make its 
contents accessible to the inquirer in every line of research. To 
Mr. Hassam the public cannot be too grateful. The idea of 
printing these volumes originated with him, and it is principally 
through his endeavors that the necessary appropriations have been 
made. 

The fourth volume in the series of " Memorial Biographies " of 
our deceased members has been published recently. A glance 
merely at the table of contents shows that the volume contains not 
a few names of men who were eminent in their day, and who exer- 
cised a permanent influence on their fellow men. The perusal of 
these memoirs demonstrates the great pains that has been taken to 
make them full and accurate. ]Many of these papers may well 
serve as models for brief biographies ; models both in their literary 
character and in the arrangement of the matter. The committee in 
charge of the " Memorial Biographies " inform me that they are 
making progress in securing the memoirs to be included in the fifth 
and the succeeding volumes. 

I would earnestly call attention to this series of carefully prepared 
volumes, so handsouK-ly printed and bound. The memoirs are of 
permanent value, and are authoritative and reliable in all respects. 
The price of the volumes to members is less than the cost of print- 
ing. The edition is small, and at uo distant day these volumes will 
be scarce. 

These are precious volumes, and should be possessed by all our 
members, not only by those who are connected by ties of kindred 
and blood with the men whose memoirs are here preserved, but by 
students of biography, as they embrace many of the most distin- 
guished men of our day. And I desire to remind you of the great 
obligations we are under to the ^Memorial Committee for the patient, 
critical, and able manner in which they have brought forth these 
elegant volumes. 

In my last address I referred to the gratifying progress of the ex- 



■Zl» ;ni; 1^;. <).■ 



142 President Wilder s Address. [April, 

ploration going on under the Egyptian Fund, and I am nou' informed 
by its treasurer, Rev. William C. AViuslow, that the progress since 
is equally flattering in its good results. lie informs me that liie 
second book of exploration has arrived in this country, and will soon 
be ready for distribution. In our own Society are many contributors 
to that fund, who will be ghul to learn this and also that a second col- 
lection of antiquities is now on the ocean and will soon reach Boston. 
It is from Xaucratis, the Greek Emporium in Egypt before Alex- 
andria was built. Mr. Petrie discovered the site last winter, and 
the collection is of great value. I again commend this subject to 
the patronage of our members. 

Celebrations to perpetuate the settlement and history of the older 
towns of Xew England have now become of frequent occurrence and 
great interest. Among those of the last year we may mention Con- 
cord, the home of Emerson, Thoreau, Shattuck, the Hoars, and Al- 
cott, the spot where British rule received its fatal repulse, and 
freedom's gun spoke " round the world " ; Xewbury and its off- 
shoots, the home of Caleb Cushing the statesman, of Joshua CotKn 
the historian of the town, Leonard Withington the able divine, 
Adolphus W. Greelj the intrepid arctic explorer, and Ben Perley 
Poore the time-honored journalist; Ilingham, the home of Gen. 
Benjamin Lincoln, who received the surrender of Cornwallis and the 
British army at Yorktown ; of our old associate Solomon Lincoln, 
its historian ; Gov. Andrew, a president of this Society ; Albert 
Fearing, and of John D. Long, now living, and the first home of 
the "Wilders in America, through whom I trace our branch of lineage 
to an English ancestry. Among other town celebrations we record 
those of Salisbury, East Hampton and others, all of which will be 
preserved in the archives of this and kindred institutions. 

But the most imposing ceremony of the year, if we except the 
funeral obsequies of Gen. Grant, was the dedication of the Wash- 
ington Monument, the tallest structure of which we have any record 
in history, successfully completed under the supervision of Col. 
Thomas Lincoln Casey, of the United States Army, a member of 
this Society. A vast concourse of people from all parts of the 
Union assembled at Washington to do honor to the memory of the 
man whom this monument commemorates. But the crowning 
mcident of the occasion was the oration of our associate member 
the Hon. Eobert Charles Winthrop, who, thirty-seven years before, 
delivered the address on the laying of its corner-stone ; thus he 
was the orator and historian, from the corner-stone to the capstone, 
symbolic in its towering height of the character it represents. As 
Mr. Winthrop said, "The Father of his country, and the foremost 
figure in all human history, whose example for all nations, for all 
ages, is never to be forgotten or overlooked. Our matchless obelisk 
stands proudly before us to-day in all its consummate purity and 
splendor, and will more and more command the homage of succeed- 



lo') -i.: a< 



1886.] President Wilder s Address. 143 

ing ai^es In all regions of the earth." The names of Washington 
and Winthrop will be happily associated in the history of this 
monument until it shall have crumbled into dust. 

It is gratifying to the student of history to see the increasing 
interest now manifested by societies and individuals in local celebra- 
tions and in the prosecution of liistorical and genealogical researches, 
from wh.ich we are constantly reaping rich harvests of knowledge. 
I desire to express our gratitude to the Massachusetts Historical 
Society, for her noble example in the good Avork, and especially 
are our thanks due to Mr. "Winthrop its late president, for his able 
and meritorious labors during a term of thirty years in which he has 
occupied the chair of that Society. 

"\A'e do not overlook the eminent services which have been 
rendered by his associates, and we rejoice that his chair has been 
filled by our friend the Eev. Dr. George E. Ellis, who will discharge 
its responsible duties with honor to himself and to the venerable 
Society over which he presides. 

I have frequently spoken to you of the importance and influence 
of liistory, and now I wish for a few moments to call your attention 
to the relations which exist between Biography and History, with 
which it is so intimately connected. Biography is the record of 
human genius, power and principle, afiording examples which live 
to bless the world long after the actors have passed away. It is 
therefore our duty to gather up and preserve not only the record 
of events, but of the words and deeds of the men whose examples 
have energized mankind and controlled the moral sentiment of the 
world. History, without the story of the men and women which 
have moulded and made society what it is, would indeed be a 
barren, leafless tree. Biography is the soul of history, and is 
like a tree whose branches yield perpetual harvests, and on whose 
leaves are imprinted the wisdom of all ages. It is an old maxim 
that history repeats itself. So it does. Plutarch says, "Avail- 
ing myself of history as a mirror from which I learn to adjust 
and regulate my own conduct, by attention to history and l)iugra- 
phy, I fill my mind witli the sublime images of the best and greatest 
men. When Zeno consulted the oracle as to what manner he should 
live, the answer came, 'inquire of the dead.'" Biograj)hy is the 
schoolmaster of all time, the past, present and future. A^ e are pu- 
pils of the past and teachers of the future, so the examples and prin- 
ciples which have influenced the world for good will be handed down 
from generation to o;eneration. 

They speak in reason's ear 
And in example live. 

If any one will examine the thirty-nine volumes of our Register 
and the four substantial volumes of the memoirs of our deceased 
members, he will find that biography has been a prominent fe;iture 
in our work. Every person has some influence over the men 



■7 ^, I 



144 President Wilder'' s Address. [April, 

with whom he associates. Bj preserving the events of his hfe 
in print, this intluence is extended beyond his immediate neigh- 
borhood and beyond his own life for years after he is slumbering in 
his grave. It is desirable, therefore, and it is also the design of 
this Society, to perpetuate the events of the lives of those who have 
benefited their race, whether on a large or a small scale, and to em- 
balm their virtues in enduring words, so that their trials, industry, 
perseverance and success may strengthen the cliaracters and cheer 
and encourage those who come after them. 

The lives of the great have always had a fascination for youth, 
and the biography of those who have been eminent in any walk of 
life, as military chieftains, as civilians or as writers, has been read 
with avidity, and has had an influence, more or less strong, upon 
the characters of the readers of this class of literature. 

Every nation takes pride in its great men, and points to them as 
examples for the guidance of tlie young. It is not surprising to 
find the youth of our own country tracing tlie careers of her heroes 
and benefactors. The Scotchman is proud of the daring deeds of 
Wallace and Bruce, and of the writings of Burns and Scott. Ireland 
honors Emmett, Curran and O'Connell ; and England, our mother 
country, teaches her young men to revere Shakspeare and ]\Iilton, 
Pitt and Nelson. American Biography presents her "Washington 
and Franklin, Lincoln and Grant, Webster and Everett, Edwards 
and Channing, Emerson and Longfellow, Garrison and Phillips, 
Fulton and ]\Iorse, ?.Jortou and Jackson, Hannah Adams and Harriet 
Beecher Stowe. 

The importance and usefulness of biography has been sufHciently 
and satisfactorily settled as a matter of fict, independently of any 
theory or reasoning. An examination of any well selected library, 
either public or private, would show that a great and increasing 
interest is felt for this kind of readin":, besinnin^: with the old 
classic authors of Greece and Rome, and coming down to our own 
times, when the biographies not only of the dead but of the living 
are eagerly sought for and read. 

Whenever we are reading the history of any time, or incidents of 
a revolution or civil war, or a single campaign, of the formation of 
a government, or of the peaceful development of a community, or 
wonderful discovery in art or science, we always find ourselves 
looking for information in regard to the originators and leading 
actors, their characters, traits and talents, their aims and influence. 
To be informed merely about events is wholly unsatisfactory unless 
we know something about the human forces which have directed 
them, whether by wise or stupid, good or wicked, mean or noble, 
nien. In all that concerns the inner and private life of a community 
It is the career of men and women, born, trained, educated, and 
filling private spheres, that we need most to know, by careful, dis- 
criminating and impartial biographies. History would indeed be 



A, Ina 



jU ii^ij\j ji.j i<- 



■ . :.^■^■ ■ ;■ 



1886.] President Wilder' s Address. 145 

useless if it gave us only a narrative of events. This fact has long 
been recognized by the most eminent and popular historians, tha^t 
History needs the illuminating element of Biography to illustrate 
and enforce examples worthy of imitation. 

It is enough to mention Chancellor Clarendon's History of the 
Great English Kebellion, and Bishop Burnet's History of his Own 
Times. Both of these great and important works owe much 
of their charm to the keenly drawn sketches of the lives and 
characters of all the men and some of the women, who appeared 
prominently on the stage of action. The writers have shown a 
marvellous skill in delineating characters correctly, sharply and 
impartially. Their biographical sketches of character stand out on 
the page like portraits around our walls, so that we may feel ac- 
quainted with them and talk with them. 

Macaulay, as a historian, owes more to the brilliant portraitures 
of character and biography which he introduces into his sketches 
than to his narrative of events. Carlyle thought the best History of 
the English Civil War would be a life of Cromwell, its chief actor, 
drawn from his own letters and speeches ; and so we may find in 
the lives of Lincoln and Grant the best history of our own civil 

But the most striking illustration of this subject is found in the 
collection^ of forty-four biographies which goes by the familiar 
name of ''Plutarch's Lives," written about seventeen hundred years 
ago, those charming volumes of the character and career of omment 
men. ^Ve have in our literature now the biographies of many so- 
called "self-made men," men who have risen to the hi:jhest rank as 
statesmen, inventors and benefactors, who in their vouth had the 
most slender opportunities of education, and who in toil and poverty 
seized every spare moment, under the impulse of latent talents and 
capacities, to improve their minds. A long list might be made 
of such men, who have ascribed the most stimulatin<T effect on them 
to "Plutarch's Lives." Says Oliver Wendell Holmes, '':irontaigne, 
Franklin and Emerson all showed a fondness for Plutarch." Thev', 
as well as Webster, Everett, Choate and Hillard, were all indebted 
to "Plutarch's Lives," and made that author a familiar companion. 
Thus the old and new in biography are ever furnishing instruction ; 
Emerson says, "old and new make the warp and woof of every 
moment. There is not a thread that is not a twist of these two 
strands." 

And now, in conclusion, let me again impress on you the duty 
of prosecuting our researches in history and genealogv, and more 
especially in biography, with which they are so intimatelv as- 
sociated. It is a sacred duty to preserve and hand down to future 
generations, not only the lineage and history of our families, but to 
record the names and virtues of those men and women who have fieen 
benefactors to our race. Archdeacon Farrar, who has so lately 

VOL. XL. 14 ^ 



Irnj ,T.7o 1U0 



bilti 



n 



V 



146 President Wilder s Address. [April, 

honored our city with his presence, has said, "Next to the scriptures, 
there could hardly be found any reading more satisfactory and more 
exalting to the human heart than the contemplation of tiie lives of the 
saints." So say we, not only of the great and good men and women 
who have made the w^orld what it is, but of all who have in any 
way promoted the welfare of mankind, of our race. 

Next to training the spirit for the life eternal, there can be no 
more noble employment than that of treasuring up and perpetuating 
a record of the lives, principles and virtues of tliose who have been 
beuefixctors and blessings to mankind. Such were many of those 
of whom I have spoken, and whose names will gild the pages of 
American biograj)hy with a lustre, which will shine brighter and 
brighter while gratitude shall have a place in the heart of 
mankind. Of these we have striking examples of patriotism, 
discoveries in science, and startling enterprise which has set ele- 
ments in motion that are fast revolutionizing the character and 
business of mankind. Of such was AVashington and his associates, 
who achieved the liberty which still lives and marches on in triumph 
and glory through the earth. Of such was Lincoln, who, heaven- 
inspired, engraved on the pillars of our Constitution, Eternal Free- 
dom for the Slave ! Of such was Grant, who conquered the rebellion 
and brought again peace and union to our states. Of such was 
Garrison, who stormed the battlements of American Slavery, and 
saw them prostrate at his feet. Of such w^as Franklin, whose 
miraculous hand drew from the clouds the spark which now 
electrifies the globe. Of such was Morse, who taught the mystic 
wire to speak with tongues of fire all the languages of the earth. Of 
6uch was Fulton, who woke the spirit of the waters, and gave a new 
impulse to the commerce of the world. And last, not least, of such 
were those messengers of mercy who brought a sovereign balm to blot 
from the memory conscious suffering in the human frame. These 
and others of immortal fame have trod the paths of human glory, 
and stand out like golden stars in the constellation of American 
genius, to light the road to honor, to virtue and to renown. 

Their mission on earth is ended, but the principles they estab- 
lished and the blessings they conferred are still moving on to a more 
full and perfect development ; and as they advance toward their glo- 
rious consummation, grateful millions shall honor and perpetuate 
their names. They shall live forever in grateful hearts, until the 
last star shall have fallen from the sky, and earth itself and man 
ehall have passed away ! 



-^i.'.!F.3 Y_;:ffl 



{•■:■.': Las llHffl ni-ii::^ iMii: ,■- 



1886.] Descendants ofJosiah and Catherine Uptoii. 147 



DESCENDANTS OF JOSIAH AND CATHERINE (HARTWELL) 

UPTON. 

By WiLLiAH n. Uptox, B.A., LL.M., of Walla Walla, W. T. 

1. JosiAH* Upton* {Ebenezer,^ Joseph,^ John^) was born in North Read- 

ing, Mass., August 2i, 1735. He married 1st, Dec. 28, 1750, Su- 
sannah Emerson, of Reading, by wliom he had five sons and tliree 
daughters. Their descendants will be found in *' The Upton Me- 
morial." He lived in North Reading until about 1770, about which 
date he lost his wife. He then removed to Bedford, whence he 
went to Charlemont in 1778. He married 2d, Catherine Hartwell. 
Attempts to ascertain the date and place of this marriage and the 
parentage of Catherine Hartwell have been unsuccessful. The date 
must have been about 1774, and the place near Bedford, Mass. 

Josiah Upton died in Charlemont, Dec. 10, 1791. His widow 
was taken to Victor, Ontario Co., N. Y., by her children iu 1799, 
and died there. Their children were: 

2. i. Sarah,-^ b. June 18. 177G; m. Israel Blood. 

3. ii. James, b. Feb. 2, 1779 ; m. Oiive Eou^hton. 

4. iii. Joanna, b. June 13, 1781; m. Norman Brace. 

5. iv. David, b. July 2, 1783 ; m. Mary Mar.sh. 

2. Sarah* Upton {Josiah.* Ebenezer,* Joseph^ John}) was born at Charle- 

mont, Mass., June 18, 1776. She married Israel Blood, evidently 
at Charlemont, and shortly afterwards removed witli her husband 
to that part of Bloomfield, which is now Victor, N. Y. She was iu 
Charlemont in June, 1797, and in Bloomfield in April, 1799. Her 
husband was one of the first settlers in Bloomfield, now Victor, 
where we find him as early as 1797. He acquired large tracts of 
land, including what is now the Upton homestead in Victor, and died 
there highly respected, at the age of 83. His wife died aged about 
70. They had : 

i. Anna,* b. Charlemont, Mass., June 7. 1797; m. E. Cajkins, and had : 
1. Si,lvester :'' 2. Lucy Ann;'' 3. E/isJia Avery;'' 4. Kmyiby.' 

ii. Lucy Upton, b. Bloomfield, X.Y., April 2, 1799; m. James Manwar- 
cn, and had: 1. Plulo ;^ 2. Norman;^ 3. James;'' 4. Caroline;^ 
5. Bradley;' 6. Joanna.' 

iii. RosEL L., b. Bloomfield, Nov. 14, 1800; rn. Clarissa Phillips, and had 

1. liariweil ;' 2. Norman;' 3. Laura;' 4. Lucy.' 

17, Norman B., b. Bloumfield, Feb. 4, 1SC2 ; d. Albany, N. Y., aged about 

30, unm. 
V. Nathaniel Upton, b. Bloomfield, Feb. 2, 1804 ; m. Hannah Shoots, and 

had: I. Mary;' 2. Thomas;' 3. Liici/J 
vi. Stepuen Hartwell, b. Bloumfield, Feb. 26,1806; m. Louisa Knapp. 

He was living in Victor, N. Y., 1880, having had: 1. William;' 

2. Emma.' 

♦ J. A. Vinton's '• Upton Memorial," published in 1874, ^ives a fairly satisfactory ac- 
count of the Uptons of America, but the value of the book is diminisheil hv some errors 
and manv omission". Vinton's account of the ilesccmJants of this Jo-iah* Ujdc^n by his 
second wife is ^o incomplete that the supplemental aecount ^'iven in the te.xt >cenis to im 
demanded. No att'-mpt is rnaJe to jrive an i>utline of the life of .losiah'* Upton himself, bat 
it Djiiv be -.'id t!j:',t l;e \\as very prominent in the affiirs of wi-stern Ma>s:(;-i)u>ett> ilnin;^ 
the ia>t Hvdve ye.tra of hij ijfe', and was well kuo'^'U ai a mathematician aud aCudcnt of the 
physical sciences. 



br.!'. h.'' 
ivodif. I 



■>'„: • > in jL's I,-, ^ va 



148 Descendants of Josiah and Catherine Upton. [April, 

Tii. James Mitchell, b. Bloorafield, Feb. M, ISOS ; m. Lydia Ann Nelson : 
removed to Victor, Mich., about 1838. Ch.: 1. Norman;'' 2. ArdellaJ 

viii. D.AMEL Hartwell, b. Bloomtield, Jan. 7, ISIO ; m. Susan Turner ; re- 
moved to Vict-.r, Mich., Jan. 1S33, and to-^k up a farm upon which 
he still resided in 1881, P. O. Lainn;sburgh. Children : 1. Arhsah ;'' 
2. Samuel;'' 3. Adyani (;^) ;"< 4. Susan;''' 5. Sarah -J 6 Eliza;'' 7. 
Charles;^ Q.Amanda;'' '^.Daniel;'' 10. Lucy ^^ II. Ernest / 12. 
Carrie.'' 

ix. HiN-Nin, b. Bloomfield, Jan. 19, 1812. 

3. James* Uptox (Josi'ah,* Ebene:er,^ Joseph,^ John^) was born at Charle- 
mont Feb. 2 (one record says 19), 1770. He was fourteen years 
of age when the death of his fiuher made him the main-stay of the 
family. In 1797 he went to Victor, N. Y., and worked a year for 
his brother-in-law, Israel Blood (see No. 2, uute). He then return- 
ed to Charlemont, and in the winter of 1799 (probably of 1793-9) 
" took his mother, brother, two sisters and a swarm of bees " to Vic- 
tor in an ox sledge. He bouglit the laud where the Upton home- 
stead now stands from Israel Blood for seven dollars per acre, and 
built upou it a log house. This was burned by his brother David 
in drying flax. They then built another log house and afterwards 
a frame one. The latter was afterwards moved back, and forms the 
wood-shed of the present homestead, which was built in the winter 
of 1817-18. He resided all his life in Victor, where he became 
wealthy and one of the most influential men in his county. He 
married April 21, 1808, Olive, daughter of Samuel and Lucy 
(Tracy*) Boughton, and died in 1857. His wife died April 2-i, 
1824. Their children! were : 

i. AcHSAn,eb. March 21, 1S09: m. July 5, 1830, Dr. Hiram Thompson, 
and died leaving one child. Mariclle Emeline,^ who d. unm. in 1864. 

ii. Saml-el Bocghto.v, b. July 23, 1810 ; d. unm. April 6, 1832. 

iii. JosiAQ W., b. Sept. 19, 1S12 ; m. Sophia Roe. 

iv. James, b. April 19, 1815 ; m. Elvira £. Hawkins. 
6. T. William W., b. July II, 1317 ; m. Maria Amanda Hollister. 

vi. Unice, b. Dec. 25, 1818 ; d. unm. 

Tii. Edward, b. March 30, 1820: m. Acbsah Thayer, who survived him and 
remarried. _ He d. April 19. 1863, leaving twin daughters: 1. Ara- 
bella,^ who is living unmarried with her uncle William \V. Upton, in 

Washington, D. C. ; 2. hahcllaj m. Hitchcock, of Oramel, 

N. Y., and d. July, 1S76. leaving one dxugliter, born Jure, 1876. 
These twins never lived in W. T., as stated in the " Memorial." 

viii. Olive, b. Sept. or Oct. 19, 1823 ; d. Aug. 6, 1813, unm. 

ix. Caroline Hart, b. May 13, 1826 ; m. Floyd D. Torrance : d. s. p. Feb. 
9, 1853. ^ 

X. Mar^- Emeline, b. April 19, 1829; m. William C. Moore; d. Oct. 1, 
1879. She was one of the noblest of her sex, and was like an angel of 
mercy to hundreds of the poor and suflering livino- around Victor. 

xi. Maria, b. Aug. 21, 1831 ; d. June 29, 1832. 

xii. Charles E., b. July 4, 1833 ; m. Louise Racket. 

xiii. Elvira Emellne, b. May 24, 1838 ; m. her brother-in-law Floyd D. 
Torrance. 

• She was descended from Lieut. Thomas Tracy, one of the founders of Norwich, Conn. 
Most of tlie earl}- Botightons of Victor came from Stockhridc^c, Mas^.,ancl there i.s evidence 
tendin:; to connect them with John Boiiton, of Norwalic, Cunn., 165-5. But it is chiimed 
that Mrs. Upton's father, though related to the Stockbridge Boughtons, was born in Con- 
necticut. 

t It is not deemed necessary to give any farther account of their descendants than mav 
[f necessary to correct the " Upton Memorial," as Vinton gives a toki-ably i'ali account of 



SJ 



do f .u .1 



a I' n 



1886.] Descendants of Josiah and Catherine Upton. 149 

4. JoAXNA* Upton' {Josiah* Ehenczer,^ Joseph^- Johii^) was bora at 

Charlemont, June 13, 1781. As stated above, she went to Victor, 
N. Y., with her brothers in 1791), and she resided there all her life. 
She married 1st, Norman Brace; 2d, Isaac Marsh, but had no 
children. She, however, adopted, reared and educated twenty-one 
children, including her brother David's daughter Lucy and all the 
children of her husband Marsh, and dying, left her fortune to char- 
itable uses, and a name for goodness and charity which will long be 
cherished among the descendants of those to whom she was more 
than a mother. 

5. David* Upton {Josiah* Bbenezer,' Joseph' John^) ■wa.shorn at Charle- 

mont, July 2, 1783. AVhea about sixteen years of age he remov- 
ed to Victor, N. Y., with his brother James, with whom he resided 
for several years. He married, Sept. 12, 1805, Mary JNIarsh. She 
wa3 born at Danbury, Vt., Nov. 9, 1786, and died on their farm in 
Eollin, Mich., Dec. 31. 1870. They removed from Victor to On- 
tario, Wayne Co., N. Y., about May, 1817. He seems to have 
lived in Walworth also, and may have resided in other parts of New 
York state, as his youngest child was born at Palmyra in October, 
1826, but he was still in Ontario in March, 1825. In 1840 he re- 
moved to Wheatland, Hillsdale Co., Mich., and about three years 
later to Rollin, Lenawee Co., where he died. Vinton says, " He 
had a large family, but their names are unknown." His children 
were : 

7. i. Olite,« b. Oct. 29, 1806 ; m. Levi Wilson. 

8. ii. AcuxnAR, b. Oct. 14. ISOd ; m. Jane Hazlett. 
ili. Joanna, b. Aui^. 10, 1810. 

iv. Marv, b. An-r. 6, 1812. 

9. v. David, b. March 2, IS 14 ; ra. Barbara Buckley. 
10. vi. Lucy, b. Oct. 28, 181fi; m. ilenry H. Taber. 

Til. Baby, b. June 14, 1818. 
H. viii. Catherine, b. Jan. 29, 1821 ; m. Girdoa Patch. 

12. ix. James .M., b. March 21. 1823 ; m. Martha Hatfield. 

13. X. Mary .Ann, b. March 27. 182-5 ; m. Nelson Wood. 

14. xi. CoRDELfA, b. Oct. 30, 1826; m. William Eldrid^e. 

6. William W.* Uptox (Jcanes,^ Josiah* Ebenezer,' Joseph^ Johi^) was 

born in Victor, N. Y., July 11, 1817. Our space will not permit an 
adequate biography of Judge Upton, nor could a complete account 
of his active life be written without a discussion of burning politi- 
cal questions which would be out of place in these pages. The son 
of a wealthy farmer in a newly settled part of the state, he received 
somewhat more than a common school education, and early ac- 
quired that love of learning and faculty for hard study which has 
always been one of his most marked characteristics. Yet his love 
was for learning, not for show, and in later life, when he was fami- 
liar with the most advanced branches of mathematics, and could 
read Latin and French as readily as Engli.sli, he declined the de- 
gree of LL.D., tendered him by one of our leading colleges, on the 
ground that " he thought such distinctions should be conferred spar- 
ingly, and only upon ^those who have received a thorough classical 
education." 

Mr. L'pton went to Victor, Mich., in the winter of 1837-8, but 
returned to his native town the following September, where he re- 

VOL. XL. 14* 



150 Descendants of Josiah and Catherine Upton. [April, 

mained about a year and was married. He then, in 1840, returned 
to Victor, Mich., and was admitted to the bar. lie rapidly gained 
a leading position at the bar of his adopted state, and was frequent- 
ly elected to ofTice by his fellow citizens. He was a supervisor of 
Victor, 1840-5; surveyor of Clinton Co., 1841-5; treasurer of 
Clinton Co., 1845-7 ; and was a member of the legislature which 
made Lansing the capital. He removed to De Witt in 1845, and 
to Lansing iu 1847, in which place he built the first house that was 
not of logs. He was appointed district-attorney for Ingham Co. in 
1848, and was elected to the same otfice for two terms of two years 
each in 1849 and 1851. Resigning this olTice, he left Michigan 
with his family, April 1, 1852. for California by the overland route. 
There he settled, at first at Weaverville, but in 1855 removed to 
Sacramento. He was a member of the legislature in 1856, and in 
the fall of 1861, when there were three political parties in Califor- 
nia, he was elected prosecuting attorney of Sacramento Co., which 
office he held till 1864. In the presidential contest of ISGO he was 
a Douglas democrat, but on breaking out of the war he became a 
firm supporter of President Lincoln, and he has ever since been a 
republican. In 1864 he was urged to become a candidate for con- 
gress, but the ill health of his family compelled him to remove from 
a climate which had proved fatal to his wife and three of his child- 
ren. He accordingly removed to Portland, Oregon, in the spring 
of 1865. He was almost immediately elected to the legislature of 
Oregon. In 1867 he was appointed a Justice of the Supreme Court 
of Oregon, and in 1868 was elected to that position for a term of 
six years. He became Chief Justice in 1872. So satisfactorily did 
he fill these offices and so high was his reputation as a lawyer, that 
in 1872 the legislature ordered more than eighty of his nisi prius 
decisions to be printed and bound up with the decisions of the Su- 
preme Court. 

At the expiration of his term of office, financial reverses _ com- 
pelled him to decline a renomination and to resume the practice of 
his profession. In the presidential controversy of 1876, the vote 
of Oregon being in doubt, the republicans practically rested their 
case before the Electoral Commission upon a decision rendered by 
Judo-e Upton at nisi prius upon the question of the power of the 
governor of Oregon to exercise judicial functions. A majority of 
the state Supreme Court had differed with Judge Upton, but the 
Electoral Commission by a unanimous vote sustained his view, thus 
giving the state and the presidency to the republicans. In 1877 
Judge LTpton, unexpectedly to himself, was appointed Second Comp- 
trolfer of the Treasury of the United States, an office, according to 
Alexander Hamilton, " next to the secretary of the treasury." As 
this was practically a judicial office and a court of last resort (the 
comptroller's decisions being reversible by act of congress only). 
Judge Upton accepted the appointment with pleasure, removed with 
his iimily to Washington city and entered upon the discharge of his 
duties, Oct. 1, 1877. He filled the office with great credit to him- 
6elf through three administrations, passing upon about 160,000 ac- 
counts and claims, involving about 3600,000,000.00. Soon after 
the inauguration of Presidr-ru Cleveland Juilge Upton tendered his 
resignation, and on its acceptance, June 1, 1885, at the age of 08, 



J... 



1886.] Descendants of Josiah and Catherine Upton. 151 

resumed the practice of his profession in "Washington city. Early 
in 1885 he published a " Dii^est of Decisions of the Second Comp- 
troller of the Treasury, 18Gi) to 1884," which a jurist of national 
reputation has said, '"contains more law than a hundred text- 
books." 

Judge Upton married, 1st at Victor, N. Y., Feb. 8, 1840, i\Iaria 
Amanda Hollister, eldest daughter of Hon. Joseph and Amanda 
(Adams) Hollister.* She was born at Danby, N. Y., August 13, 
1818, and died at Sacramento in December, 1858. He married 2d, 
at East Avon, N. Y., March 29, 18GU, Marietta, daughter of Am- 
asa and Alida Ann (Ketcham) Bryan. 

Judge Upton's children have been as follows. By wife Maria 
Amanda : 
i. A SoN-,^ b. and d. at Victor, Mich., March, 1843. 

15. ii. James Bougutox, b. Victor, jNIich., March. 19, 1844 ; m. Anne Amanda 

Shaw. 

iii. Charles Backus, b. De Witt, Mich., Dec. 18, 1845. He went to Cali- 
fornia with his parents in 1S52, j^raduated at the Sacramento High 
School in I8f)3, removed to Purtiand, Oregon, whore he was admitted 
to the bar, and was successively deputy sheriff, deputy prosecutini^ 
attorney and deputy U. S. attorney. He practised his profession with 
marked success, both m Portland and at Waiia Walla, W. T., to 
which place he removed about. IHT8. He has travelled and read much, 
and is a man of liberal ideas, a large land owner, and unmarried. 

iv. Marietta, born at Lansing, Mich., ".March 4. ISIS. She lived with her 
father in Michigan, Calilornia, Oregon and Washington, and died in 
the latter city, Oct, 1, 18S0, unm. In this young lady, whose lite was 
devoted to the happiness of those around her, all the strongest and 
noblest qualities of her family seem to have united and readied their 
highest development. With all the intellectual power of her lather, 
she inherited irom her mother all those gentler graces of mind and 
heart which are the crowning ornament of her sex. With mental 
training which enabled her to fit one brother for Yale College and 
another for West Puint, and social accomplishments which made her 
a favorite in the best society in the land and charmed all who knew 
her, she found her favorite occupation in relieving the sufferings of the 
poor and the afflicted. Short as was her life, who can meai^ure the 
good she accomplished, or the effects of her life and example upon 
those who were brought withi.i their influence ! 

V. Charlotte, b. Lansinir, Mich., March 18, 1850 ; d. there the same year. 

16. vi. William Henry, b. Weaverville, Cal., June 19,1854; m. Georgia L. 

Bradley. 

17. vii. George Whitman, b. Sacramento, June 1, 1857 ; m. Harriet Taylor. 
viii. Daughter, b. and d. in Sacramento, Dec. 1858. 

By wife Marietta : 
ix. Alida Bryan, b. Sacramento, May 21, 1S61 ; d. there July 12, 1802. 
X. Victor Bryan, b. Sacramento, Oct. 12, 18^>4 ; d. there Feb. 27, IS65. 
xi. Kalph Richard, b. Portland, Oregon, June 12, IS69 ; resides with his 
parents at Washington, D. 0. 

7. Olive® Upton {David," Josiah* Ebenezer^^ Joseph,' John*) was born 
at Victor, N. Y., Oct. 29, 180G, and there married Levi Wilson, 



rs. Upton's line of descent was: Maria Amanda,^ Joseph,^ Joseph,^ Josepli.s Joseph,* 
1 * Julin,^ John.' The wife of her grand fat lie r Josepli'^ fL-llister was Patance'^ Hol- 
(N'ailiari'iel,* Gideon,* Thomiis,^ John,''' John'). M's. Upton also descended from 



• Mrs. 
Joseph,' 

lister (i.. -., , , . „ . , „, > r 1 1 

Richard Trc.it, Wcther-ticld, 1*^37; William Goodrich, a first settler at Wcther.-fiold; 
Matthew "Marvin, one of the proprielors of Hartford; William Hills, Roxbury, ltJ3i; Uieh- 
ard Lyman, Roxburv, 1G31 ; John White, Boston, 1G32; Hn::li Mould, Neu- London, IGGO; 
John Coyte, S.ilem, 1G3S ; NatlKUi Disbrow, of Fairtieli ; John Talcott, Bo-ton, 1G32 ; Ed- 
ward Holvoke, Lvnn, li;3''); and William Pynehon, Koxbury, VjZO. Ilcr mother was of 
au Adams family' which settled at Ileddiug, Conn. 



."i-j: , c.i .'si; 



152 Descendants oj Josiah and Catherine Upton. [April, 

Feb.^ 14, 1827. After a short residence at Victor thev removed to 
Ferrington, N. Y., whence they went to Lyons, Mich., in the au- 
tumn of 1832. A few years hxter they removed to Ovid or Cold- 
water, jMich., where they were still res'iding iu 1880. Their child- 
ren have been ; 

i. Carolin-eJ b. Victor. N. Y., June 2, 16-28 ; d. a^ed 1 year 4 niog 

ii. Emelixe, b. Ferrington, N. Y., Jan. -25, 1831 ; m. Sept. 27, 1819, He- 
man A. Rus.-^el. They were living at Ovid. Mich., in 1S80. Children • 
1. Charles,^ b. March 20, 1353, ui. Anir. 1S74, Calista L. Fenner, and 
had tenner £.,» b. Oct. 1675 ; 2. Nelson C.,^ b. Ovid, Jan. 11 1658 • 
3. Jessie,^ b. Ovid, April 7, 18fi6. 

iii. Mary, b. Ferrington, Aug. 26. 1832; m. Sept. 27, 1857, Wilsey Quim- 
by. They lived at Ovid, Mich., in 1869, where their children scum to 
have been burn, viz. : 1. Mary,^ b. Aug. 21, 1858, m. Lorcn E. Coff- 
man, had one daughter ; 2. Ar/ah,^ b, March 29, 1859 ; 3. [Vilseu E « 
b. Aug. 24. 1863 ; 4. WUsan R.,^ b. July 6, 15.65 : 3. Dora,^ b June 
24, 1870; 6. John E.,^ b. Jan. 23, 1S73, d. Jan. 19, 1875. 

iy. Charles, b. Lyons, Mich., Aug. 11, 1835; m. July 4, 186S, Ann Arm- 
strong, at Ovid. Mich., where he lived 1860, having one child: Aor- 
man E.,» b. Sept. 1873. 

V. Catherine, b. Ovid, Mich.. April 1, 1839 ; d. Sent. 1847. 

Ti. George Homer, b. Ovid. Nov. 25, 1844 : d. aged 3 years 3 mos. 

vii. David Upton, b. Oct. 26, 1851 ; m. at Coldwater. Mich., Au"-. 24, 1874 
Annette Reed. They seem to have lived at Ovid, lie d. Jan. 2' 1880 ' 
leaving one child : Bernice,^ b. Ovid, 2, 1875. ' ' 

8. ABiAxnAR' UrxoN {David," Josiah* Ebenezer,^ Joseph^ J olm"-) was 

born in Ontario Co., N. Y., October 14, 1803. He received a good 
education and was a farmer, at least until his 3.3d year. He mar- 
ried, about 1840, Jane Ilazlett, who was born in Scotland and came 
to this country with her parents when a child. He seems to have 
settled in Michigan. His children, "born during the first years of 
his married life," were: 
i. Margaret. '^ 

ii. AIary, evidently b. in Ontario Co.. N. Y.. about 1844 ; rn. Sept. 1861 
Lyman Iludges, who lived in Bath, xMich., 1681. Children : 1. Luel- 
la^ b June 28. 1862 ; 2. Ethie,^ b. July 5, 1S64 ; 3. Ardue,^ b. May 
18, 1866; 4. .4Ace,3 b. May8, 1874. ' - J 

iii. Jane, b.^Ontario Co., N. Y., May 20, 1846; m. at Rome, xMich.. Dec. 
22, 1870, Rodolphus Ligore, a painter and furniture tinisher of Adri- 
an, Mich., in which town they resided in 1681, with one child, Wil- 
liam,^ b. bept. 16, 1671. 
iv. Esther. 

V. Joanna, m. Nov. 29, 1863, Fred. A. Maltman. Children : 1. Edna,^ 

b. ^lov. 13, 1569 ; 2. Jennie,^ b. Feb. 15, 1571 ; 3. Mark H » b May 
. ,XT^' *^'^' ^' ^'■'-''"^.* b. Oct. 18, 1875 ; 5. Rodolpk,^ b. Nov. 2, 1879. 

VI. >> ILLIAM. 

tii. Thomas A. 

9. David« Upton- {David," Josiah,* Menezer,'^ Joseph,"- Johi^) was born 

m New York state, probably in Victor, ^larch 2, 1814. He mar- 
ried Oct. 16, 1844, Barbara Buckley, of Walworth, N. Y., and in 
1846 removed to Michigan. The following year he located on the 
farm iu Rome, Mich., where he still resided iu 1880. In January, 
1880, he had a partial stroke of paralysis, but it left his mind unim- 
paired. His childreu have been : 
i. Caroline,^ b. in ^Michigan, Oct. 5, 1847; m. Jan. 1, 1867, William A. 
Griffin. They live in Rollin, Mich. Children: 1. Ida Ma u,^ h Oct 
5, 1567 ; 2. iS'rJlie S.,^ b. Feb. 10, 1879. 
Olive, b. Dec. 30, 1616 ; m. July 4, lo70, Joshua W. Lm^ncr, of Kol- 



11 



'-. l,A 



1 1 "ton .;»-■.'/ (■ 



-Ici.'i lo , .,^M. ji.i . U /;; iii<. 



1886.] Descendants of Josiah and Catherine Upton. 153 

lin, Mich. Children: \. Laverna,^ b. Oct, 7, 1872; 2. La Monte,^ 
b. April '^9, 1879. 
18. iii. Charles Marsh, b. Dec. 30, 1850 ; m. Hattie L. Maxon. 

10. Lucy® Uptox (David,'' Josiah,* Ehenezer^ Joseph,^ John^) was born 

at Victor, N. Y., October 28, 1816. At the age of six months she 
was taken by her parents to Ontario, N. Y., but when seven years 
old returned to Victor, where she was one of the children reared 
and educated by her aunt Joanna* (Upton) Marsh (No. 4, ante). 
She remained there eleven years. She taught district school four 
years, keeping a select school during vacation. She married Henry 
H. Taber, April 25, 1839. They removed to Wheatland, Mich., 
in May, 1842. About 1865, in order to be where they could edu- 
cate their children, they exchanged their 160 acres of laud in 
"Wheatland for 206 acres adjoining the city of Adrian, Mich., and 
they were living upon the latter farm in 1880. They have had: 

i. Norman B.,^ b. in Ontario Co., N. Y., May 31, 1840. He went with his 
parents to Michicran, in. 1st, July 4, 1661, at "Wheatland, Myra Hur- 
ley or Uawley, and settled in Piccsford, Mich, They had one child : 
Lillian iU.,^ b. Feb. 1, ISG3. In 1880 she was a student in Adrian. 
He m. 2d, Hattie Darriel, of Wawconda, 111. 

ii. Mary E., b. Wheatland, Oct. 9, 1844; d. April 9, 1846. 

iii. Adelbert, b. Wheatland, Sept. 9, 1850; removed with his parents to 
Adrian ; was educated at Adrian Collei^e ; m. Dec. 31, 187-, Ellen M. 
Gunsolas, daughter of the proprietor of the Adrian Mills, and in 1880 
had one child : Lena AI.,^ b. April 20, 1876. 

iv. Henry H., b. Dec. 13, 1851 ; was educated at Adrian Colle,2;e ; m. Dec. 
25, 1S7-, Hettie, daughter of Edwin Lammoreaux, of Rome, Mich. In 
1880 they lived in Adrian and had one child : Bertha,^ b. Oct. 20, 
1874. 

V. SiONE, b. Wheatland, June, 1855 ; d. Aug. 19, 1856. 

11. Catherine* Upton (David,'' Josiah,* Ebenezer,^ Joseph," John^) was 

born at Walworth, N. Y., Jan. 29, 1821 or 1822. She lived there 
with her parents until 1844, when she went to Michigan, where she 
married, Jan. 1, 1846, Girdou Patch, of Bethel, Mich. They have 
had: 

i. Freeman D.,^ b. Oct. 11, 1816 ; m, Oct. 23, 1865, Angelme Elliott, and 

had : Flora,^ b. July 15, 1871, 
ii. Eugene, b. June 3, 1852; m. Julv 2, 1871, Melissa Piatt. Children: 

1. Emera'' (a eon), b. Feb. 10, 1873 ; 2. June,^ b, Dec, 15, 1876. 
iii. Dolly B., b. April 1, 1862. 

12. James M.* Upton (David,'' Josiah,* Ehenezer,^ Joseph,^ Johi^) was 

born March 24, 1823, probably in Ontario, Wayne Co., N. Y. He 
removed to Michigan and married, Dec. 17, 1852, Martha Hatfield, 
of Wheatland, in which town he died, April 27, 1873. His widow 
and daughter were living in Wheatland in 1880, P. 0. Hudson. 
James M, Upton's children were: 

i. AnELBERT,^ b. Rollin, Mich., June 22, 1858 ; d. Sept, 14, 1859, 

ii. Jcnie, b. June 27, 1664. 

iii. James, b. Wheatland, May 3, 1872 ; d. Oct. 27, 1874. 

13. Mary Ann* Upton (David,'' Josiah,* Ehcvezer,^ Joseph,^ John^) was 

born in Ontario, N, Y., March 27, 1825. She was educated at 
Walworth Corners, N. Y., and went to Michigan with her parents 
in 1846. Here she married 1st, in September, 1847, Nelson Wood, 
a merchant, formerly of Wayne Co., N. Y. He died Sept. 10, 1849. 



f..«r 



XtB'i ,ii * 



154 Descendants of JosiaJi and Catherine Upton. [April, 

She married 2tl, March 27, 1853, Shepherd TTeter, of Palmyra, 
Mich. Her children were, by Nelson Wood : 
i. Nelson Z.,^ b. Nov. 16, 1848 ; d. Feb. 1850. 
By Shepherd Weter : 

ii. Sdepherd, b. Jan. 4. 1854; educated at Adrian College. 

ill. Arabell, b. July 16, 1855; m. Ilarross Freeman, of San Francisco, af- 
terwards a merchant at Richmond, Mich. They have : Maggie,^ b. 
Dec. 15, 1876. 

iv. James E., b. April 9, 1857; was educated at Adrian College, and in 
1880 was a farmer at Palmyra, Mich. 

V. Nelson C, b. April 1. 1S59 ; received a clas-sical education at Adrian 
College, graduated 1880 and began the study of law in Adrian. P. 0. 
Lenawee Junction. 

vi. David E., b. Nov. 16, 1862. 

vii. Cora M., b. March 4, 1865, 

14. Cordelia® Upton {David," Josiah* Ebenezer,^ Joseph? John^) was 

born at Palmyra, N. Y., Oct. 30, 1826. She went to Michigan with 
her parents in 1846, and there taught school from 1846 to 1855, 
when she married William Eldridge, of Branch Co., farmer. They 
removed in 1859 to Boon Co., 111., in 1869 to Franklin Co., la., in 
1879 to Logan, Kansas. They have three children: 

i. Catherine P.,^ b. Aug. 23, 1859. 
ii. Nellie, b. Feb. 22, ISbl. 
iii. Charles, b. Sept. 12, 1863. 

15. James Boughtox^ Uptox ( William W.,^ James" Josiah* Ehenezer,'^ 

Joseph? Johiv) was born in Victor, Mich., March 19, 184:4. He 
lived in Michigan and California with his father. He graduated at 
the Pligh School in Sacramento and was admitted to tlie bar there. 
He removed to Portland, Oregon, soon after his father did, and went 
from there to Oregon City. In 1869 he returned to Portland, and 
was for four years in the real estate business in connection with his 
profession, devoting much time and money to the promotion of emi- 
gration from the eastern states and Europe to Oregon. In 1873 he 
removed to Washington County, but returned again to Oregon City, 
In 1876 he retired from practice and took up his residence at Ore- 
town, Oregon, which has since been his home except during about 
two years wlien large business interests required his presence in 
Colfax, W. T, He married Nov. 9, 1869, Anne Amanda Shaw, of 
Oregon City, by whom he has five children: 

i. Charles Samuel,* b. at Portland, Aug. 9, 1870. 

ii. William Wesley, b. at East Portland, Mny 31, 1872. 

iil. Anna Macd, b. in "\Vashin'j:ton Co., Oregon, Feb. 3, 1874. 

iv. Jay Hollister, b. at Coltax, W, T., April 23, 1879, 

7. Mary Etta, b, at Oretown, Oregon, Jan. 7, 1882. 

16. "William IIekry^ Upton {William W.? James? Josiah,* Ehenezer? 

Joseph? John^) was born in Weaverville, Cal., June 19, 1854. Hav- 
ing pursued his preliminary studies in Portland, Oregon, he received 
a classical education at Yale College, where he gi-aduated in 1877. 
He then entered the office of Hon. R. W. Tiiompson, .Secretary of 
the Navy, where he remained nearly three years. Entering the 
Law School of Columbian University, he graduated LL,B, in 1879, 
and LL.M, in 1880, In the latter year, having previou-^ly been 
admitted to the bar, he resigned his position, formed a professional 



1886.] Church Records of Farmington^ Conn. 155 

partnership with his brother Charles B., and removed to "Walla 
Walla, AV. T., where he has since been in active practice. 

Several large collections of MSS. relating to the genealogy, Eng- 
lish and American, of the Uptons and allied families,* having come 
into Mr. Upton's possession, he has become, little by little, a kind 
of registrar or universal secretary for many of these families. He 
is always glad to receive or furnish data relating to any of them. 

He married at Washington, D. C., June 23. 1881, Georgia Lou- 
ise, youngest daughter of the late Samuel William Bradley, of 
Olean, N. Y., by his wife Aditha (Barr) Bradley, and has two 
children : 

i. William Hollister,^ b. Sept. 21, 1882. 
it. George Bradley, b. June "20, 1885. 

17. George Whitmam'^ Uptox (William W.,^ James,^ Josiah* Ehmezer^ 

Joseph,^ Jolui^), who was known as George Washington Whitman 
Upton till 1876, was born at Sacramento, Cal., June 1, 1857, and lived 
with his father in California and Oregon. In 1S76 he was appointed 
by President Grant a cadet at large to West Point. He remained 
at the Academy nearly four years, but on the death of his sister in 
1880, resigned and went to live with his father in Washington city. 
There, having declined a lieutenancy in the army, he received an 
appointment in the War Department, which he held until, having 
graduated at Columbian University, he was admitted to the bar. 
In 1884 he married Harriet, only daughter of Hon. E. Vt. Taylor, 
M.C., and, having formed a professional partnership with his father- 
in-law, settled in Warren, Ohio, where he now resides. 

18. Chakles Marsh" Uptox (David,^ David,^ Josiah* Ehenezer,^ Jo- 

seph,* John^) was born in Rome, iMich., Dec. 30, 1850. He mar- 
ried, July 14, 1872, Hattie L. Maxon. To this intelligent and ac- 
complished lady the writer is indebted for invaluable assistance in 
compiling this account of the descendants of David^ Upton. 

Mr. and Mrs. Upton reside near Geneva P. O. iu Rome township, 
Mich., and in 1880 had two children : 

i. Pauline,* b. July 7, 1873. 
ii. Olive, b. Sept. 19, 1877. 



CHURCH RECORDS OF FAR^HXGTOX, CONN. 

Communicated by Julius Gay, A.M., of Farmington, Conn. 
[Continued from pa^e 33.] 

Deaths. 
Septr. 15, 1776 Departed life Huldah Andruss. 

Septr. 17, 1776 Departed life a Child of Hannah Davis. 

Septr. 19, 1776 Departed life Sarah Daugh' of James Root. 

Septr. 22, 1776 Departed life IMoses Whiting Bull — young Lad. 

Septr. 24, 1776 Departed life Will"" son of Wiir Wadsworth. 

Septr. 2G, 1776 Departed this life Abigail, Daug' of Jou'^ Bull 

Jun^ 

• Viz.: Adams, Bonghton, Boiiton, Bradley, Goodcll, Goodrich, Hale, Ilartwcll, HilJ 
HoUister, Stewart, Talcott, Tracy, White, Williams and otlier families. ' ' 



.i/ian ■.'/:;; ,,,„,,.. .; 



/.ZOO .y- 



-•t}^' '. 






156 



Church Itecords of Farmington, Conn. 



[April, 



Septr. 27, 1776 

Octr. 5, 1776 

Octr. 15, 1776 

Oar. \b, 1776 

Octr. 17, 1776 

Octr. 23, 1776 

Octr. 29, 1776 

Octr. 30, 1776 

Novr. 3, 1776 

Novr. 11, 1776 

Novr. U, 1776 

Novr. 24, 1776 

Novr. 1776 

Jany. 11, 1777 

Jany. 19, 1777 

Jauj. 20, 1777 

Janj. 21, 1777 

Jany. 1777 

February 2, 1777 

February 3, 1777 

February 7, 1777 

Febry. I'O, 1777 

Feby. 15, 1777 

Feby. 17, 1777 

Feby. 18, 1777 
Feby. 21, 1777 
March 1, 1777 
March 3, 1777 

March 1777 
March 10, 1777 
March 15, 1777 
March 29, 1777 
April 10, 1777 
April 13, 1777 
April 11, 1777 
AprU 16, 1777 

April 16, 1777 
April 18, 1777 
May 2, 1777 
May 1777 
May 13, 1777 
May 19,1777 
July 22, 1777 
August 24, 1777 
August 2C, 1777 
August 27, 1777 
August 28, 1777 
Septr. 1, 1777 
Septr. 7, 1777 



Departed this life Noadiah son of Joseph Bird. 

Departed this life Wid" Sarah Gridley. 

Departed this life Maj'' Simeou Strong. 

Departed life Widow Ruth Lewis. 

Departed life Elizabeth Wadsworth. 

Departed this life the Wife of Samuel Bird. 

Departed this life a Child of John Ilaoilin. 

Departed life a Child of John Hanalin. 

Departed life Samuel Scott. 

Departed this life Daniel Woodruff. 

Carried to y* grave a Babe of Joshua Woodruff. 

Departed life a Child of Lieut. John Hamlin. 

Departed this life Aaron North. 

Departed life Jou"^ Ingham — young man. 

Departed this life Charles Curtiss. 

Departed this life Solomon North. 

Departed this life Jemima Stedman. 

Departed life at N. York, Lot Portter. 

Departed this life Colo. John Strong. 

Departed this life Abijah Woodruff. 

Departed this life the Wife of Capt. Hotchkiss. 

Departed this life Asahel Woodruff. 

Departed this life Widow Chestina Woodruff. 

Departed this life Susana Dagr. of Wid. Abigail 
Wadsworth. 

Departed this life W™ son of Bethuel Norton. 
Departed this life Capt" John Newell. 
Departed this life the Wife of Dea° Noah Porter. 
Departed life Susanna a Babe of Asahel Wads- 
worth. 
Departed this life a child of Docf^ Tim° Hosmer. 
Departed this life Eliasaph Dorchester. 
Departed this life James Hart. 
Departed life Mary Daughter of John Portter. 
Departed this life Samuel Woodruff. 
Departed this life the Wife of Salmon Root. 
Departed this life Oliver Stevens. 
Departed life Samuel son of Lieut. Elnathan Grid- 
ley. 
Departed this life the Wife of Wise Barns. 
Departed this life Ezekiel Woodruff. 
Departed this life Daniel Hurt. 
Departed this life Doct"" Josiah Hurlbutt. 
Departed this life Martha Woodruff. 
Departed this life Sybil Warner — young woman. 
Departed life a Babe of Solomon Weltou. 
Departed this life Abel Audruss. 
Departed this life Erastus son of Roswell Stevens. 
Departed this life a Child of ]Mr. Kenedy. 
Departed this life George Welton. 
Departed this life a Child of Elijah Goodrich. 
Departed life the Wife of Ens" James Luske. 



Iif),:f-i, 






-flnvv-? ■' 



18SG.] Church Eecords of Famnngton, Conn. 



157 



Septr. 18, 1777 
Septr. 19, 1777 
Septr. 19, 1777 
Octr. 13, 1777 
Octr. ■22, 1777 
Novr. 13, 1777 
Novr. 24, 1777 
December 3, 1777 
Januv. 12, 1778 
Febv. 25, 1778 
March 21, 1778 

1778 

March 21, 1778 
April 5, 1778 
]May 5, 1778 
May 31, 1778 
Novr. 16, 1778 
December 21, 1778 
March 2 G, 1779 
March 29, 1779 
May 28, 1779 
June 9, 1779 
July 13, 1779 
August 1, 1779 
Augu.-t 4, 1779 
August 8, 1779 
Sept. 15, 1779 
Septr. 27, 1779 
Novr. 20, 1779 
December 6, 1779 
Decbr. 9, 1779 
Decbr. 15, 1779 
Decbr. 30, 1779 
Jany. 12, 1780 
Jany. 19, 1780 
Jany. 30, 1780 
Febr. 1780 
Febry. 12, 1780 
April 2, 1780 
April 6, 1780 
May 29, 1780 
May & June 27 & 7, 

1780 
June 14, 1780 
June 23, 1780 
July IG, 1780 
July 15, 1780 
August 13, 1780 
August 13, 1780 
Decbr. 17, 1780 
Decbr. 18, 1780 



VOL. XL. 



15 



Departed life the Wife of Solomon Whitman, Esq. 
Departed this life a Child of Joseph Root. 
Departed this life Eunice Newell. 
Departed this life Josiah North. 
Departed life a Child of Israel Freeman. 
Departed this life a V)Ahe of Joshua Parsons. 
Departed this life a Child of Jesse Curtiss. 
Departed this life wid: Lewis, of Da' Lewis, 
Departed life John Livy son of Mr. John Lewis. 
Departed life Israel a young mulatto man. 
Departed this life Benjamin Andruss. 
Departed this life Asa Brownsou in y* Army. ' 
Departed life the Wife of P^zekiel Hosford. 
Departed this life a Babe of Oliver Woodruff. 
Departed this life a Babe of John Woods. 
Departed this life a Babe of Joshua Woodruff. 
Departed this life Jonathan Gridley. 
Departed this life John Root. 
Departed this life Wid'^ IMary Newell. 
Departed life a Babe of Docf Asa Johnson. 
Departed life a Babe of Solomon Cov.des. 
Departed life a Babe of Elisha Woodrutf. 
Departed this life Widow Anne Porter. 
Departed life the Wife of John Porter. 
Departed life Wid° Elizal)eth Newell. 
Departed this life Joseph Hawley. 
Departed this life Taljitha Rose. 
Departed this life a Child of Simeon Hamlin. 
Departed life Widow Anna WoodrutF. 
Departed this life Wid' Eunice Lee. 
Departed this life the Wife of James Gridley. 
Departed this life Iluldah Wadsworth. 
Departed this life W™ son of W" Wadsworth. 
Departed this life a Child of Benjamin Welton. 
Departed this life Samuel Bird. 
Departed life W^™ a Babe of Asahel Wadsworth. 
Departed life a Child of Isaac Ingham. 
Departed life Lucy Keyes. 
Departed this life Mercy Smith. 
Departed life a Babe of Joshua Woodruff. 
Departed this life Mr. Noah Andruss. 

Departed life two Babes of Eleazer Curtiss. 
Departed this life tlie Wid: Mary Portter. 
Departed this life the Wife of Daniel North. 
Departed this life Deacon Timothy Porter. 
Departed this life James Bishop. 
Departed tliis life the Wife of W" Hooker. 
Departed this life the Wid: Eliz"* Sedgwick. 
Departed this life A])ra'" son of Joshua Parsons. 
Departed life Sarah WoodrulF Dr. of Joshua Par- 
sons. 

[To be continued.] . j -^ '• 



.ivr^; 



158 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [April, 



GENEALOGICAL GLEANINGS IX ENGLAND. 

Communicated by Henry F. Waters, A.M., now residing in London, England. 
[Continued from p. 49.] 

Dorothy Lane of London, widow, 17 January, 1G05. My body to be 
buried in the parish church or churchyard of S' Dunstans in the East, Lou- 
don, where I am a parishioner. To Susan Harrys, daughter of my late son 
inlaw William Harrys, late of Wapping in the County of Middlesex, mari- 
ner deceased, and of Dorothie my daughter, late his wife, ten pounds. To 
George Stake, son of my late sister f^lizabeth, thirty shillings. To ray cousin 
Jeffery Thorowgood twenty shillings. To my cousin Beunet Burton twenty 
shillings. To my cousins Elizabeth and Sara Quaitmore, daughters of 
Rowland Quaytmore and of my said daughter Dorothie, his now wife, live 
pounds apiece. To the said Rowland Quaytmore, my sou in law, thirty 
shillings to make him a ring. To Helen Avereil, late wife of William Ave- 
rell. Schoolmaster, deceased, my small joyned chair with a back. To the 
said Dorothie Quaytmore,* my daughter, and William Harrys, her son. and 
to the heirs of the said William Harrys, the son, lawfully begotten, all those 
my two tenements and two acres in Satfron Walden in the County of Esses, 
which late were Symon Burton's, my late brother's deceased, the said 
Dorothie Quaytmore &, William FLirrys her son to pay out to Samuel 
Harrys, son of my said daughter Dorothie Quaytmore, ten pounds upon 
reasonable request, within two months next after such day or time as the 
said Samuel Harrys shall attain and come to the lawful age of twenty-one 
years, and unto Jane and Joane Burton, daughters of my said late brother 
Symon Burtou of Saffron Walden aforesaid, five pounds apiece within four 
years next after such day or time as my said daughter Dorothie &:, William 
her son or her heirs or assigns shall first enter and enjoy the said two ten- 
ements, »S:c. To Susan & Dorothie Harrys, daughters of my said daugh- 
ter Dorothie Quaytmore (certain bequests). To Mary Quaitmore tive 
pounds. To my cousin P^lizabeth Quaytmore (certain table linen) and to 
Sara Quaytmore her sister (a similar bequest). To Mary & Sara Thorow- 
good, daughters of my cousin Jetlery Thorowgood, tv/enty shillings. To 
Richard Weech of London, merchant, twenty shillings. The residue to my 
daughter Dorothie and she and the above named William Plarrys the son 
appointed full & sole executors. The said JefFery Thorowgood & Richard 
Weech appointed overseers. To my cousin Walter Gray five shillings, 
and to his wife my stuff gown lined with furr. 

The witnesses were William Jones, Scr., Jeffery Thorowgood, signum 
Robert! Powell, shoemaker, and me Richard Perne. 

Commission was issued 4 March IGUS to Dorothie Quaytmore, with 
power reserved for William Harrys, the other executor, &c. 

Dorsett, 23. 

Thomas RaixbokO"WE of East Greenwich in the County of Kent, mar- 
iner, 4 December 1C22, proved 23 February 1G23. My body to be buried 
in the church yard of East Greenwich with such solemnity as my executors 
in their discretion shall think fit. My wife Martha and eldest son Wil- 

* Rowland Coitmcre and Dorothy Harris (widow) marrii:J at Whiccchapcl, co. Mid. 23 
Marcli, 1591-5. Elizabeth, their daughter, Ijapt. 25 Feb. 15^0-6. — I. J. Greenwood. 



1886.] Genealogical Gleanhigs in England. 159 

liam Eaiuborowe to be executors. Ten pounds to be given for the putting 
forth of poor children of tlie parish of Greenwich aforesaid, &c. To said 
Martha uiy wife all my plate and household stuff and the fiu-niture of mv 
house and "also my one sixteenth part of the good ship called the Barbara 
Constance of London and my one sixteenth of the tackle, apparel, nunii- 
tion, furniture, freiglit. See. of the said ship. To my said son William two 
hundred pounds within one year next after my decease, and one sixteenth 
of the cood ship Rainbowe of London & one sixteenth of her tackle, oic, 
one sixteenth of the ship Lilley of Loudon (and of her tackle, &c.), one forty 
eighth part of the sliip Royal Exchange of London (and of her tackle. >kc.). 
To my sou Thomas Rainborowe two hundred pounds within one year, lic. 
To my daughter Barbara Lee two hundred pounds within one year, &c. To 
my dauL'hter ^Lirtha Wood two hundred pounds within one year, &c. To 
my daughter Sara Porte two hundred pounds within one year, &c. 

Whereas I have taken of the Right Honorable Edward Lord Dennie, 
Baron of Waltham Holy Cross in the County of Essex, by Indenture of 
Lease bearing date the eight and twentieth day of September Anno Domi- 
ni 1G19, a capital messuage called by the name of Claver Hambury and 
certain lands, with their appurtenances, situate, lying & being in the said 
County of P'ssex, for the term of two and twenty years, '(fee. and for and 
under the yearly rent of a peppercorn, &e. ; for which said lease I have 
paid to the said Lord Denny the sum of two thousand three hundred pounds 
of currant English mouey ; and the said messuage and lands, &c. are worth 
yearly in rent {de claro) two hundred and twenty pounds or thereabouts, 
&c. &c. it is my will that there shall be paid out of the rents, profits, occ. 
to Martha my wife one annuity or annual rent of one hundred pounds, to 
my sou William an annuity. &c. of twenty pounds, to my son Thomas an 
annuity, &c. of twenty pounds, to my daughter Barbara Lee an annuity, 
ifce. of twenty pounds, to my daughter Martha Wood an annuity, tfec. of 
twenty pounds, to my daughter Sara Port an annuity, ifec. of twenty 
pounds. 

The residue of my personal property to my two executors to be divided 
equally, part and part alike. My dwelling house and lands in East Green- 
wich shall be sold by my executors for the most profit they can & witiiin 
as short time after my death as conveniently may be, and of the money 
arising therefrom one third shall go to my wife Martha, one third to my 
son William and the other third to my said four other children, Thomas, 
Barbara, Martha & Sara. 

llie witnesses were J. W, the mark of John Wotton, of the precinct of 
.S' Katherine's, mariner, John Woodward, Xot. Pub., and John Brooke 
Lis servant- Byrde, 6. 

Anthony Wood of Redrith in the county of Surrey, mariner. 13 Au- 
gust 1C2.J, prove<l at London 3 .January 1(325 by the oath of Martha Wood 
his relict and executrix. To wife ^Marthaail my lease &c. in my now dwell- 
ing bouse in Redrith & my part of the good ship Exchange of London 6c 
of the Charity of London. To son Richard all ray portion of the good ship 
Rainbow of London & my adventure in her &c. To my sous Richard, 
Thomas & Anthony five hundred pounds apiece, & to my daughter Sara 
five hundred {.>ounds, at one & twenty. To my brother John Wood live 
pounds a year for eighteen years. To my mother Raynborrowe three 
pounds for a ring. To my I)rother William Raynborowe live pounds for a 
cloak. To my brother Francis Port three pounds for a ring. To my bio- 



IGO Genealogical Gleanings in England. [April, 

ther Thomas Lee three pounds. To ray brother Thomas Rajnborowe 
three pounds. To my uncle William Wood «&; his wife four pounds, for «& 
in remembrance of tokens of my love unto them. I give to my said wife 
all my lease of certain lands at Waltham which I have & hold from the 
Lord' Denny, &c. My said wife & my said son Richard to be full & sole 
executors *fcc., and I name & appoint overseers of this my will my loving 
friends the wor'^ Henry Garway & William Garwaye of London mer- 
chants. 

A codicil made Tuesday the lo'^ of August A.D. 1625 revokes the be- 
quest of his portion of the ship Rainbow to sou Richard cVc bequeaths it to 
Martha Wood his wife. Hele, 4. 

Rowland Coytemore of Wapping in the County of ^liddlesex, mar- 
iner, 5 June, 1G26, proved 24 November 1626 by Katherine Coytemore, 
relict and executrix. To son Thomas Coytemore and his heirs, &c. the 
messuage or tenement, lands, hereditaments and appurtenances in the 
manor of Milton in the parish of Prittlewell ah. Fricklewell. in the Coun- 
ty of Essex, now in the tenure and occupation of John Greene, &c. and 
my farm and copyhold land of forty four acres or thereabouts, in the parish 
of Great Bursted in the County of Essex ; wife Katherine to have tlie use 
and rents until ray son Thomas shall accomplish his age of one and twenty 
years. To my daughter Elizabeth Coytemore tliree score pounds at her 
age of one and twenty years or day of marriage, also the tenement or mes- 
suage known by the sign of the Blewboare iu the town or parish of Retch- 
ford, in the County of" Essex, now in the tenure of William Ashwell ah. 
Hare. To my son in law Thomas Gray* and his heirs ray two copyhold 
tenements. &c". iu Rederith ah. Rederitf, in the County of Surrey, now in 
the several occupations of Francis Welby and John Moore. If my child- 
ren and children's children die before they accomplish their several ages of 
one and twenty or be married, then my aibresaid lands shall remain, come 
and be unto my kinsman Hugh Hughs ah. Gwyn, my sister Elizabeth's 
son. To my grandson William Ball, son of William Ball, forty shillings. 
To my daughter iu law daughter Dorothy Lambertou forty shiliiugs. To 
the poor of'Wapping three pounds and to the poor of the Upper Hamlet 
of Whitechapel forty shillings. To the masters of Trinity House, for their ^ 
poor, ten pounds within one year, &c. 

My wife Katherine to be executrix and sons in law Thomas Gray and 
William Rainsborough of Wapping aforesaid, mariners, to be overseers. 
The witnesses were "Raphe Bower pub. scr. and John Wheatley serv' to 
the said scr. Hele, 125. ^ 

Martha Rainborowe of the parish of S' Bridget als. Brides, near 
Fleet St. London, widow, late wife of Thomas Rainborowe, late of East 
Greenwich in the countv of Kent, mariner, deceased, made her will 29 Xo- 
vember 1626, proved 23 September 16:31. In it she referred to her hus- 
band's will <Sc the lease of the messuage called Claverhambury and the dis- 
position of its rents, bequeathed her own annuity among her tive children, 
devised to her daughter Barbara Lee her sixteenth part of the good ship 
called Barbara Constance and gave the residue of her goods, chattels, »fcc. 
to her said daughter Barbara, wife of Thomas Lee, citizen Ǥ: armorer of 
London, whom also she appointed sole executrix. 

The witnesses were Robert Woodford, Thomas Turner and Tho: East- 
wood. ^'' Ju'^'b 102. 
• See Gray and Coytmore Families, Reo. xxxiv. 253.— Ed. 



>u«i . Iw-r. 



T.f;«'T .y-ifiiirr 



.■3.1— .V.^ 'nrrr. .ctA 



1886.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 161 

"William Rainborow of London Esq. 16 July 1038, with codicil of 
1 February 1G42, proved 8 X\)v\\ 1G12. To the Hamlet of Wapping as a 
stock for their poor fifty pounds ; to the Hamlet of Whitechapel ten 
pounds, &c. To the Trinity House fifty pounds, with the condition that 
they give to poor seamen or their widows of the Hamlet of Wapping, 
every St. Thomas Day, forty shillings. To my eldest sou Thomas Rain- 
borowe all those my houses in Southwark purchased of M' William 
Gambell and some of them lately built. To my son William Rain- 
borowe those my houses in Gun Alley in Wapping purchased of my father 
in law Renold lloxton and also one thousand pounds. To my son Edward 
twelve hundred pounds. Item I give and bequeath to my daughter Mar- 
tha Coytmore, the wife of Thomas Coytmore now in New England, the sum 
of seven hundred pounds, if she be alive at the time of my death. To my 
daughter Judith Rainborowe one thousand pounds & to my daughter Joane 
Raiuborowe one thousand pounds. All this to be paid to them, by mv ex- 
ecutors, at their several days of marriage or at their age of one and twenty 
years, and those that be of age at six mouths after my decease. To the 
four sons and one daughter of my deceased sister Sara Port, namely Robert, 
John, Thomas, William and ^lartha Forte, two hundred and fifty pounds, 
that is to each tifty pounds, at twenty one. To my brother M"" Thomas 
Rainborowe fifty pounds. To my sister Buckridge fifty pounds. To my 
sister Wood fifty pounds. To my father in law Renold Hoxton and to my 
mother in law Joane Hoxton ten pounds apiece to buy them each a rin^. 
My executors to be my loving sons Thomas and Vrilliam Raiuborowe and 
I appoint them to bring up my younger children to their age of twentv one 
years or day of marriage and to have the tuition of them and be at the 
charges of meat & drink & clothes & learning. For overseers I desire mv 
loving brothers in law 31"^ Robert Wood and "SV John Hoxton to have a care 
that this my will be fulfilled and do give them twenty pounds apiece for 
their pains. Witnesses Roberc Wood and William Ashley. 

To my mother in law Joiie Hoxton my house at Wapping now in the 
occupation of ^M"' Sander Bence. during her natural life, toward her mainte- 
nance. To my grand child William Ramboroue one hundred pounds. 

Codicil. Whereas the said William Rainborowe hath by his will ^iven 
to Martha Port fifty pounds the said William Rainborow did about a vear 
since and at other times afterwards declare his mind and will to be that the 
said ^lartha should not have or expect the said leijacv because he had iriven 
her the sum of ten pounds and all her wedding clothes in marria-^e with 
William Ashley. Subscribed by witnesses 1 February 16il. 

Witnesses to the codicil, John Hoxton, Thomas Hoxton & Mary Bennfes. 

Campbell, 51. 

Stevex Wixtdrop of James Street, Westminster, Esq., 3 May 1G58, 
proved 19 August, 1G58. To wife Judith the house wherein I now dwell, 
with the house adjoining, lately erected, for her life, and then to all mv 
children. All the rest to my daughters Margaret, Joanna and Judith and 
such child or children as my said wife shall now be great withall. To my 
nephew Adam Winthrop, son of my brother Adam ^\'iHthrop deceased ; to 
the children of my brother Deane Wintlirop ; to my brother Samuel Win- 
throp's children ; to my half brother John Winthrop's children ; to my cou- 
sin Mary Raiuborowe daughter of my brother in law William Rainborowe 
Esq. ; to my cousin Judith Chainberlaine, daughter of my brother in law 
John Chamberlaiue Esq. — sundry bequests. •' To the poor of Boston iu New 

VOL. XL. 15* 



162 Genealogical Gleanings iii England. [April, 

Enffland one hundred pounds of lawfull money of England upon Condition 
that the Inhabitants of Boston aforesaid doe build and erect a Tombe or 
Monument, Tombes or Monuments, for my deceased ffather and Mother 
upon their graue or graues of tliiftie pounds value att the least, wlioe now 
Ijeth buried att Boston aforesaid, according to the Loue and honour they 
bore to him and her in theire life time." The executors to be my wife 
Judith Winthropp, my brother in law John Chamberlaine Esq. and Tho- 
mas Plampyon, gentleman. 

The witnesses were Leo: Chamberlaine, Elizabeth Baldrey and Clement 
Eagg (by mark). Wootton, 418. 

[In Suffolk Reojistry of Deeds (Book 8, p. 193) may be found record of convey- 
ance made by Juditli Winthrup and John Chamberlain, executors of Stephen Win- 
throp, 20 April, I67I, to Edward Rainborow of London, of all the said Winthrop's 
land in New England, consisting; of one half of Prudence Island and litteen hun- 
dred acres in Lynn or Salem, &c. This litter property included the well known 
Pond Farm (Lynnfield), originally granted to Colonel John Humfrey. — ii. f. w. 

In addition to the ten letters of Stepiien W'., printed in Part 1\". of the Win- 
throp Papers (5 Mass. Hist. Coll., viii. pp. 199-'2l8) we have found several others, 
but they are of no imporiauee. Before his final return to England he was Recorder 
of Boston and a Representative; and, but for tlie failure of his health caused by 
fieeping on the damp ground, there is reason to believe Cromwell would have made 
him one of his generals, as Roger Williams, writing to John Winthrop, Jr., in 
1656, says, " Your brother Stephen succeeds Major-General Harrison." By his 
own desire he was buried with his ancestors at Groton in Suffolk, where were also 
interred a number of his children, most of whom died young. Only two daughters 
are known with certainty to have survived him : Margaret, who married 1st, Henry 
Ward, and Sd, Edmund Willey, R. N., and had issue; and Joanna, who mar- 
ried Richard Hancock, of London, and died s. p. During his military service 
hia wife resided partly at Groton and afterwards at Marylebone Park near Lon^ 
don, a portion of which estate he had purchased. This gave rise t > an absurd tra- 
dition, perpetuated in some pedigrees of the last century, that the Winthrops were 
" of Marylebone Park before tiiey settled m Suffolk." Besides his house in James 
Street, Westminster, he owned, at the time of his death, his father's house in Boston, 
on the southerly portion of whicli estate the Old South Church now stands ; this 
was subsequently sold by his widow, but whether she ever returned to New Eng- 
land I do not know. My kinsman Robert Winthrop, of New York, has a portrait 
(of which I have a copy) of a young ofEcer of the Stuart period, which has been in 
our family for generations, and is called ''Colonel Stephen Winthrop, M.P." If 
authentic, it must have either been sent by him as a present to his father before 
his death, or subsequently procured by his brother John, or his nephew Fitz-John, 
during their residence in England. — R. C. Winthrop, Jr.] 

TnOiiAS Ra-IXBOROWE of East Greenwich in the County of Kent, gen- 
leman, 24 November, 1GG8, proved 2 January 1G71 by Mary Raiuborowe, 
his widow & executrix. To wife Mary, for life, an annuity bought of Ralph 
Buskin of Oltham in the County of Kent Esq. one bought of Edward Tur- 
ner of East Greenwich, gentleman, and all my other goods, moneys, &c- 
She to be executrix and to pay two hundred pounds (on a bond wdiich tes- 
tator made to his mother*). I give to my brother's son Edward Rain- 
borowe twenty pounds, to my brother's daughter Judith Winthrop twen- 
ty pounds and to my said brotiier's daughter Joane Chamberlaine lifty 
pounds. To the poor of East Greenwich ten pounds. The witnesses were 
William Richardson &- John Fuller. Eure, 7. 

[The following notes on the Rainsborough family, collected some years ago, will 
throw light on Mr. Waters's abstracts : 

1537. — Reynold Ravynsbye, freeman of the Co. of Cloth Workers. London. 

15(j3._Koger Rain.-^eburye of Stawley, co. Somerset. ^ViU dated July 21, prov- 

• His mother had been dead many years. 






.rjj»3'( vtii. 



1886.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 163 

ed Aug. 23, 1593. Bequeaths to the poor of Kettleford 3-1. To the poor of Ash- 
brittle 3-4. To his godilaughter ALrne.-^ GoveriOs. To each of his other godchildren, 
not named, 4d. To Edward Blackaller his wife's godson iOs. Residue to wife 
Honor, whom he appoints executrix, and her friends John Gover and William 
Golde overseers. — Book Ltwyn, fo. OS. 

1603.— Xicliolas Rainbury of Stawley. Will dated April 19, 1603: proved May 
4, 1611. To the poor of S^tawley the interest of £10, — to be used in keeping tliem 
at work. To each of his gudchiidren, not named, 63. To Mary, dau. of Ricliard 
Wyne 20s. To each of tlie children of John Gruver 12d. To the poor of Ashbrit- 
tle 10s. To the poor of Kettleford 5s. To each of the ringers 12d. To Parson John 
Blackealler 10s. Residue to his sister-in-law Honour Raiusbury, whom he appoints 
executrix, and William Golde and Jolin Gover, overseers. — Book IVood, fo. -16. 

Stanleigh or Stowley, Kittesford and Aslibuttel, all in Milverton Hundred. 

1615. — Henry Ravirneslnirye of L'ulmstock, co. Devon, husbandman. AVill dated 
Feb. 8, 1615; proved March 9, 1615. To his son Henry £60. To daughter Alice 
R. £60, to be paid to her uncle Christopher Baker, clothier, for her use. To George, 
son of Andrew Bowreman 10s. To each of his godchildren, not named, 12d. To 
the poor 20s. Residue to wife Susan whom he appoints executrix. — Book Cope, 
fo. 29. 

During the Protectorate the Baker family held the Manor of Columbstock, Hem- 
yoke Hundred, co. Devon. 

1636. — Henry Raynsbury. of the parish of St. Austin (Augustine) in London, 
factor. Will dated March 15, 1636, pruved Mays, 1637. To Mr. Stephen Deni- 
son. Doctor and Lecturer, oi' Great All Hallows, 10s, to preach a sermon at his bu- 
rial, and to the minister of the parisi), wliere he shall be buried, for giving him way 
to preach the sermon £5. To each pnor man and woman of the parish as The church 
wardens may select 10s. To tiie parish of Cullumstock, co. Devon, where he was 
born £100 — for the use of the poor I'urever, the interest to be divided once a year 
among eight poor men and women. To the poor of Samford Arundel (Milverton 
Hund.) CO. Somerset, £10 — lor the use of the poor forever. To his sister Alice 
Wood, widow, of Henrvoke, co. Devou, all his inheritage lands in the county of 
Lincoln, during her life, tiien to be divided among her five children. To Mrs. Susan 
Fleming, wife of Mr. John Fleming of St. Austin's, London £100. To their three 
children, Roland, ^iary and Susan, each £10. To each of his godchildren, not 
named, 203. To ten poor laboring p^irters of Blackwall Hall (market for selling 
woolen cloths), each 10s. To cousin Edward, sjn of cousin Edward Baker of Hen- 
ryoke £20. To ten poor servant-maids of Culiumstock. each 203. Residue to his 
godson Henry Baker, .sou of cousin John Baker the elder, of Cullumstock, clothier, 
•when 21 years of age. Ai>points the said John Baker executor, and his uncle 
Christopher Baker, cousin Henry Holwayc, and gossip John Rew, overseers, and 
gives each of them £5. — Book Goare, fo. 59. 

The Hundreds of Milverton, co. Somers and Henryoke. co. Devon adjoin. 

The parish registers of U'hitechapel, CO. Mid., which begin in 1558, record the 
marriage of 

Thomas^ Rainedorow and Martha Moole, Nov. 11, 1582. 

In Chancery Proceedings, temp. Elizabeth, P.p. No. 23, occurs a bill, filed 1611 ; 
Thomas Raynsbury and others, to vacate an annuity charged by George Peirce 
plaintiff on a freehold messuage in Gate Lane, parish of St. Mary Staynings, London, 
for use of plaintiff's datigliter Eliz. Peirce. 

Thomas Rainborowe of East Greenwich, mariner, had a lease of certain lands, 28 
Sept. 1619, at Claverhambury, co. Essex, from f^rd Edward Denny, which manor, 
with Hallyfield Hall, etc., had been granted by Henry VHL, 1512, to his lordship's 
grandfather Sir Anthony Dennye. 

His children, baptized at Whitechapel, were : 

1. 1583, April 28. Barbara," m. Thomas Lee, armorer, of London, and after 

Mr. Burbridge, or Buckridge. 

2. 1584-5, Feb. 21. Elizabeth,^ d. unra. before 1619. 

3. 1587, June 11. William. - 

4. 1589, Sept. 23 Martiia.^ m. Anthony Wood. 

5. 1591-2, Feb. 20. Thoma3,== d. young. 

6. 1.591, Oct. 15. Thomas. = 

7. 1597, June 19. Sarah,- m. Francis Porte. 

The nanie is spelled variously on the registers, as Rain(e)borow(e). Rain!'c)8- 
borow(e), Raynsborow, Raineburrow(e), liaintberry, and, though possibly it is sy- 



ai i,',i'! IKK 






164 Geyiealogical Gleanings in Eyigland. [April, 

ronymous with Raiuesbury or Remmesbury [of co. Wilts, <fcc.), the armorial hear- 
ings of the two families do not coincide, the Rainsborowe arms being similar to 
those of the Raynes, Rcynes, or Reymes. 

The vrill of Thomas' Rainborowe, mariner of East Greenwich, co. Kent, dated 4 
Dec. 16-2-2, and proved 23 Feb. 16i3, is given in this article by Mr. Waters, as al.so 
that of the widow, Martha Rainborowe, wlio afterwards resided in the parish of St. 
Bridget's, London, where she died in ItiSl. 

Before considering the elder son William,- it may be briefly stated that the sec- 
ond son — 

Thomas- Raineorow, bapt. at "Whitechapel 15 Oct. 1591, in his will of 21 Nov. 
1668, proved 2 Jan. 1671 (as given by Mr. 'NVaters), is styled " of East Greenwich, 
gent." He evidently died without issue surviving him, though he had a son Tho- 
mas,' bapt. at Whitechapel, 18 Sept. 1614. The will of his widow is as follows : 
Mary Rainborow of Greenwich, co. Kent, widow ; dated 11 Feb. 1677, proved 9 
Apr. 1678. Whereas she has heretofore expressed her kindness to her brother and 
Bister, not named, to the utmost of her ability, she now gives them but twelve 
pence. Appoints her niece Sarah Trott, who now lives with her, executrix, and 
makes her residuary legatee. — Book Reeve, fol. 37. 

William^ Rainborow (eldest son of Thomas'), bapt. at Whitechapel, 11 June, 
1587. In Nov. 1625, we find him a part owner and in command of the Sampson of 
London, 500 tons, built at Limehouse, and now granted the privilege of carrying 

freat guns. His name occurs frequently in the Cal. Dom. State Papers. Secretary 
lOrd Edward Conway writes him, 20 March, 1626, relative to taking aboard the 
trunks, &c. of Sir Tiiomas Phillips, Ambassador for Constantinople. Letters of 
Marque were granted 24 Oct. 1627. and finally, when the reconstruction of the navy 
was paramount with King Charles, the mercliautman Sampson, well fortified witu 
iron ordnance, was one ot the vessels presented, in Dec. 1634, by the City of Lon- 
don, for his Majesty's service. William Raynisborowe, as one ot the inhabitants in 
the vicinity of the Tower, complained, in the summer of 1627, oi tlie nuisance of an 
alum-factory erected at the we?t end of Wapping. Five years later we find his 
knowledge and experience of maritime matters duly recognized by the Lords of the 
Admiralty, who in their order of 21 April, 1632, appoint Capt. Rainsborough one 
of the gentlemen to attend a meeting of the Board on the 26th, to give their opin- 
ion concerning the complements and numbers of men to be allowed tor manning each 
of his Majesty's ships. 

Jan. 2, 1634-5. the King in Council had expressed his desire that the Merhonour, 
the Swiftsure, the City of London and other vessels should be presently put fortli to 
sea. The order was confirmed March 10, and the fir.-t named vessel was ordered to 
be fitted out and victualled by April 24 for six mouths' service, the charge to be 
defrayed with moneys paid by the several ports and maritime places. To the Mer- 
honour, at Chatham', the Lords of the Admiralty appoint _Capt. William Rainbo- 
rough, March 30, with Capt. William Cooke as Master. 'J'his 44 gun vessel (800 
tons), sometimes called the May llonora, had been rebuilt and launched, 25 April, 
1614, at Woolwich, by Phineas Pett. Other^vessels commissioned at the time 
were the Constant Reformation, Capt. Thomas Ivetelby ; the Swallow, Capt. Henry 
Stradling ; the Mary Rose, Capt. George Carteret; the Sampson, Capt. Thomas 
Kirke, &c. &c. ; and tiie-e were under the comuiand of Sir William Monson, Vice 
Adm. in the James, and Sir John Pennington, Rear Adm. in the Swiftsure. Since 
the death of the Duke of Buckingham in 1621, the office of Lord Admiral had re- 
mained in commiision, but on May 14, 1635, one of the Navy Commissioners. Rob- 
ert Bertie, Lord Willoughby de Eresby and Earl of Lindsey, was appointed Admi- 
ral, Custos Maris, General and Governor of His Maje;ty"s Fleet, for the guard of 
the Narrow Seas. He was to defend the King and the Kingdom's honor, which had 
been lately called in question by a fleet of French and Dutch off Portland, and to 
exact " the due homage of the sea '" from passing ships, and so restore to England 
her ancient sovereignty of tlie Narrow Seas ; he was also to clear the neighboring 
waters of pirates and Turks ; to convoy merchants and others desiring it ; to guard 
against any infringement of the custom on the part of returning vessels, &c. About 
the middle of April the Merhonour repaired to Tilbary Hf.'pe to receive the remain- 
der of her stores ; and on May 10 the Admiral came on board, the ships meeting 
twelve days later in the Downs. Rainsborough's vessel, though a good sailer, 
proved somewhat leaky, and the Admiral was desirous at first of changing to the 
Triumph ; however, the leaks having been found and her foreuiast repuirel, he con- 
cluded she would do well fur her present employment, and continued cruizing in her 



1886.] Genealogical Gleanincjs in England. 165 

until be brought the fleet into the Downs once more on Oct. 4. Most of the ships 
were now ordered to Chathiim and Depttbrd, though a few continued out under Sir 
John Pennington. The E;irl de^jiatchcd his journal of the expedition to the King, 
and hoped lie might, with ins Majesty's iavor, return home. The Hollanders, who 
in pursuit of the Dunkirk frigates, had been accustomed to land on the English 
coast, committing depredations upon the inhabitants, had been checked ; one of their 
armed bands had been arre-ted at ^Vhitby, and a vessel of 21 guns had been taken 
and sent into Hull ; moreover, Capt. Stradling, in the Swallow of 30 guns, being 
off the Lizard alune. had met the French Admiral Manti with two vessels, who after 
receiving an admonitory shot apiece, had each struck their flags and topsails, and 
saluted with three pieces of ordnance. 

Writs Were now sent to the sheriSs of the various counties of England, to levy 
money to defray the charge of a fleet for next year of double the st'rength of that 
■which had just been employed, and attention was paid to the improvement of the 
vessels in the removal of tlie cumbersome galleries, as suggested by Capt. Rains- 
borough. This gentleman, toi^ether with one of the commissioners. Sir John Wos- 
tenholm and others, was appointed Dee. 9 to inquire into the institution, state, or- 
der and government of the Chest at Chatham, as established in 1588 by Queen Eliz- 
abeth, with Adms. Drake and Hawkins, for the relief of wounded and decayed 
seamen, and to certify their doings to the Co. of Chancery. 

Towards the clo.se of Feb. lG3J-fi. a list of Naval Captains, twenty-five in num- 
ber, was handed in for tlie year, with Algernon, Earl of Northumberland, as Adm., 
Sir John Pennington as V. Adm., and Sir Henry Mervyn as Rear Adm. The Eirl, 
in the Triumph, had chose Rainborow as his Captain, with William Cooke as Mas- 
ter, and during the next month lie desired the Lords of the Admiralty that his Cap- 
tain's pay might be made equal to tlieirs, and that he might have a Lieut., as he 
had more business to do than any other captain of the fleet. April 9, the ships at 
Portsmouth were awaiting the arrival of Capt. R. to take them out to sea, the Ad- 
miral having promised to send him down for that purpose. 

At this time, and for a long series of years previous. England was and had been suf- 
fering from a grievous .scourge, viz. : the pirates from the"north of Africa. So bold and 
venturesome had they become during the summer of 1636, as to land within twelve 
miles of Bristol and successfully carry oif men, women and children. Their chief 
place of refuge was the port of Cardiff and its vicinity, whence they carried on their 
depredations along either coast of the St. George's Channel. No relief, save an 
occasional collection for the redemption of captives, had heretofore been devised, 
and numerous were the petitions and statements now being presented to the King 
and the H. of Lords. The Court was moved to proclaim a general fast, and a ser^ 
mon was preached in October by the Rev. Charles Fitz-Geffry, of St. Dominick, in 
Plymouth, from Heb. 13. 3 ; tiiis was printed at Oxford, and entitled, '• Compas- 
sion towards Captives, chiefly towards our Brethren Oc Countrymen who are in such 
miseraliie bimdage in Barberie." A cotemporaneous document reads : " It is cer- 
tainly known that there are five Turks in the Severne. wher they weekly take either 
English or L ish : and that there are a great number of their ships in the Channell, 
upon the coast of France and Biscay. Whereby it is come to passe that our mare- 
ners will noe longer goe to sea, nor from port to port ; yea, the fishermen dare not 
putt to sea, to take fish for the country. If timely prevention be not used, the New- 
foundland fleet must of necessity sufler by them in an extraordinary manner."' The 
greater part of the captives, reported to be some 2000 in number, had been taken 
within the last two years, and tlie sea-rovers, most to be dreaded, were the pirates 
of New Sallee, who had revolted from the Emperor of Morocco, headed by a rebel 
■who was called the Saint. The matter coming to be more seriously discussed, three 
plans were suggested — peace, war, or suppression of trade. Finally it was proposed 
that Capt. R linsborough should be empioj'cd in an expedition against Sallee, and 
he and Mr. Giles Penn (father of the future Adm. William Penn) were called 
upon by the Kinir, Dec. ^ri, to give their opinion concerninir the particulars. In a 
letter, some three weeks earlier. Capt. R., then an invalid at Southwold, on the 
Suffolk Coast, states his great willingness to attend tiie Ljrds and further their pro- 
ject, as soon as he can set out for Lon<ion. The plan, which he subsequently 
submitted, states that to redeem the captives would require over 100,000/., the pay- 
ment of wliich would but encourage the pirates to continue their present course. 
Whereas to besiege them by sea would not only effect the purpose, but irive secu- 
rity ibr the future, or a fleet miL'nt i*.; kept on tlieir c ^ast for two or tliroe ye i.rs, 
until their ships were worm-eaten. That " tfie maintenance of the suirgested fleet 
would be very much to the King's honor in all the maritime ports in Christendom, 



166 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [April, 

&c." He recommends himself to so as Admiral in the Leopard, Capt. George Car- 
teret as V. Adm. in the Antelope', Capt. Brian Harrison in tlie Uercules, Capt. 
George Hatch in the Gt. Neptune, Capt. Th. White in the largest pinnace, and 
Capt. Edmund Soamon in the lesser. The plan was adopted, and, Feb. 20, U>o6-7, 
Sec. Coke writes from Whitehall to the Lord Dep. Ijtrafford : "This day Capt. 
Rainsborough. an experienced vi worthy seaman, took his luavc of his Majesty, and 

foeth instantly to sea with four good ships and two pinnaces to the coast ot Bir- 
ary, with instructions & resolution to take all Turkish frygates he can meet, oc to 
block up the port of Sally, & to free the sea from these rovers, which he is contident 
to perform." r j ^ tl 

March 4 the little squadron was in the Downs and on the eve of departure, ihe 
port of Sallee was reached in good season, and the enemy's cruisers, about to start 
for England and Ireland, were hemmed in and twenty-eight of their number de- 




again to infest the English coasts, and forthwith delivered up some 300 captives, 
with whom Capt. Carteret immediately returned homeward. Rainsborough. how- 
ever, on Auo-. 21, proceeded to SafFee to treat for ab-.ut 1000 English captives who 
had been sold to Tunis and Algiers. Here he remained till S^'pt. 19, when the 
Emperor's Ambassador came aboard, accompanifd hy Mr. Robert Blake, a lut-renant 
trading to Morocco, for whom the Empuror had formed a friendship, and who had 
obtained the position of Farmer of all his Ports and Customs. On the 2ls: they 
left the coast, and arriving fifteen daj-s later in the Downs, landed, Oct. 8, at Deal 
Castle. Detained at Gravesend through sickness, it was not until the lath that the 
Ambassador was conducted to London by the Master of Ceremonies, and, landing 
at the Tower, was taken to his lod-ings " with much display & trumpeting.' In 
the procession were the principal citizens and Barbary merchants mounted, ail rich- 
ly apparelled, and every man having a chain of gold about him, with the bherifls 
and Aldermen in their scarlet gowns, and a large body of the delivered captives, 
some of whom had been over thirty years in servitude, arrayed in white, and though 
it was ni'^ht, yet the streets " were almost as light as day." Sunday, Nov. o. the 
Ambassador w'as received by the Kin2, to whom he brought, as a present iro:a his 
imperial master, some hunting hawks and four stce>is. " the choicest & best m all 
Barbary, & valued at a great rate, for one Horse was prized at 15<:K) pound.' These, 
led by four black Moors in red liveries, were caparisoned with rich saddles embroid- 
ered with "old, and the stirrups of two of them were of massive gold, and the Iv.ssea 
of their bridles of the same metal. An account of the proceedings was printed to- 
wards the close of the month, entitled, " The Arrival & Entertainment of the Moroc- 
co Ambassador Alkaid for Lord) Jaurar Ben Abdella. from the High oc Mighty 
Prince Mully Mahamed Slieque, Emperor of Morocco. King of Fesse & Susse, &c.' 
Great was the enthusiasm created by the successful issue of tlie expedition, and 
even Waller was prompted to eulogize the event in the following rather ponderous 
lines : , , ^ 

*' Salle that scorn'd all pow'r and laws of men. 

Goods with their owners hurrying to their den ; 
*♦•«** 

This pest of mankind gives our Hero fame. 

And thus th' obliged world dilates his name. 

* ***** 

With ships they made the spoiled merchant moan ; 
With ships, their city and themselves are torn. 
One squadron of our winded castles sent 
O'erthrew their Fort, and all their Navy rent: 

Safely they might on other nations prey ; 
Fools to provoke the Sov'reign of the Sea ! 

• «*♦•• 
Morocco's Monarch, wondering at this fact, 
Save that his presence his atfairs exact. 
Had come in person, to have seen and known 
The injur'd world's revenger, and his own. 
Hither he .sends the chief among his Peers, 
Who in his bark pri.pyrtion'd jiresenLs bears, 
To the renown'd for piety and force, 

Poor captives manumis'd and matchless horse." 



1886.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 167 

Even i^rurablinjT ?tlaster Andrew Burrell, who, in a pamphlet of 1646 condemns 
the entire \avy, its ufficors. ic, thougli he had himself built for them the Marie 
Rose, '• the most sluggish ship "' tliei'liad afloat, confesseth that Rainsborough's 
Fleet _*' perfurmt-d better service than Eni^land's Navie did in 41 years before.'' 
The Kin^' was very willing and forward to have knighted the gallantAdminil. but 
he dfL-liiied the honor, and order was given that he'should have a gold chain and 
inedal of the value of 3iX>/. ; a memorial of loyal service perhaps still extant, 
'^should not very opn'>-ite lamily feelings have melted it down in the days of the 
Rump," observes Oisnieii in his Life ot Charles I. An augmentation to the fam- 
ily arms was un i..ubtedly conferred at the time in the shape of " a iSaracen'e head 
Cooped ppr. in the fesse point." 

Mciinwliile the raiding of funds and supplies for the equipment of the fleet for the 
following i ear had again become necessary, and btratibrd, writing to the Abp. of 
Canterbury from Dublin, 27 Nov.. says in connection, " this action of Sallee, I 
assure you, is s.j full of honor, that it will bring great content to the subject, and 
should, methinks, help much towards the ready, cheerful payment of the shipping 
monies." Early in Feb. 1637-8, the list of ships, which were to keep the seas dur^ 
ing the following tummer, was published, headed by the Sovereign of the Seas, 
lliis vessel, launches] at \yoi)lwicn the preceding year, had been in progress since 
May, ir).3.3, and surpassed in size, tonnage and force anything heretofore constructed 
lor the En_'li-h Navy. Th-jmas Heywood published an account of it, with a view 
of this '• Ins Maje-ty"s royal Ship, the Great Glorv of the Emclish Nation, and not to 
tK? pandklod in the wlioie Christian World," wiiile Marmaduke Rawdon, of York, 
mentions Ml his Life,* a visit, in 1633, to the Royal Sovereign, Capt. Rainsberry, 
tuen newly finished and ridin_' at Erith, below Woolwich. 

Burrell, in his pamphl.-t before ailuded to. Condemns the vessel as '' an admira- 
ble ship for costly Duildin^'-s. & cost in keeping ; and, which adds to the miracle, 
the R.jyall Shij) is never to be used f jr the Kingdom's good," Sea. The Commis- 
sioners ot the Navy answ.Ted in reply : " Capt. llainsb,jrou:rh, whom .Master Bur- 
rell confesscth, in [lis time, was the most eminent Commander in this Kingdom, 
V, . '''? ^'''=^' "^ her in the Channel of England, and at his return reported to his 
Majestic that he never set his f )ot in a better conditioned Ship in all his life. And 
a.s tor her forces, she is not inferior to the greatest Ship in Christendom, "t 

()n Sunday, March 18th. .Alirernon. Earl of Northumberland, obtained the position 
ot beneral at Sea. or Lord Ih^h Admiral, during his Majesty's pleasure, the King 
designing to eventually bestow that oifice upon his younger son, the Duke of York. 
Itiat (.apt. Rainsb trough was ever in active naval service after his cruise in the 
^overciirn does not appear. . He and others, owners of the "200 ton ship Confidence 
ot London, were allowed Feb. 19, by the Lords of the Admiralty, to mount her with 
.^0 jueces of ca-st-iron ordnance, and. during the fall of the year, together with s 
loj other sea-tarinj men, he siirncd his consent to a proposition made by the 1 



ome 
Lord 




pi-stin? that 10,000 pieces of ordnance, with carriages, \fcc., be kept in readine.«s to 
Hrm UK) cullier-ships, which may h'ght with a crea't armv ; stating tlieir suprrior- 
K\ t.-rtiuch service. Commission was given, Oct. 20. UJ39, to Sir Edward Little- 
t-jn, ^,|,e. (.eneral. Sir Paul Pindar and Capt. William Rainsborou-h, to in.iuiro 
into tt.e truth of the statements made in the petition to the Privy Council, by Ed- 
ward Deacon, who with hi- gxjds had been seized and detained in Sallee for debts 
tliore - ~ ' 




• Camden .Soc. Pub. 
dJ'^.jIm* '""'■"'•''i"^"'^'-'' '^''i such good service that the Dutch nicknamed her "the Golden 



I -.1 ' 



168 - Genealogical Gleanings in England. [April, 

established, of the King's person, and the liberty of the subject: the same having 
been a.^sented to by both houses on tiie 3d and 4th of the same month. Aii^^ 'Joth 
Capt. R. ^yas at the head of tlie conimittoc for tiking tlie whole state of the navy 
into consideration, and providing ships for transportiuir the ordnance and ammuni- 
tion from Hull and otlier parts of the north. Five days later the merchant-^' peti- 
tion for erectini; a Company for America and Africa, kc, was referred to Sir John 
Colpeper and Mr. Pymm especially, assisted l^y twenty-tiiree other members, among 
■whom was Capt. Rainsborough. Tlie same day he was included in a committee to 
whom had been referred the Act for making Wappini; Cliapel parochial, ile was 
also appointed, Sept. 9, a member of the Recess C'uamittee, during the adjourn- 
ment ot Parliament till Oct. i!Oth ; and on Nov. 19. was on a committee for naval af- 
fairs, with some other members, including Sir Henry Vane, fhree days later it was 
ordered " that citizens that serve for the City ot Lundon and Capt. Rainsbin'ough do 
inform themselves what shipping are now in the River that are fit to transjiurt the 
Magazine at iluU to the Tower, and to give an account of it to-morrow morning "' ; 
this was in pursuance of a resolution ot the 3d. 

And so ends his life and public services, for no more is heard of him till Feb. 14, 
1641-2, when the Speaker of the House was ordered to issue a warrant to the Clerk 
of the Crown in Chancery for a new writ to be issued f jrth for the election of a new 
Burgess to serve for the town of Alborouarh in co. Suffilk, in the room and stead of 
Capt. Rainsborough deceased, and Ales. Bence, E-^q., was accordingly elected. On 
the 17th his body was interred in St. Catlierine's (lower), London. At the time of 
his decease the Captain was a widower, his wife Judith, a daujrhter of Renold and 
Joane Hoxton, having been buried at Wapping, 3 .March, 1637-8. The will of Wil- 
liam Rainsborow of London E-q., dated 16 July, 1633, with codicil of 1 Feb. 1641, 
proved 8 April, 1642, has been already given. 

1. TnoiiAS^ Rainsborowe, Esq., of Whitechapel, co. Midd. (William, -Thomas*), 
commonly known in history as Col. Rainsborouirti. A naval captain at tiii^t under 
the L. 11. Adin. Warwick ; then a colonel of infantry under the Parliament, and 
finally V. Adm. of their Fleet. A member of the Loni; Parliament. A more de- 
tailed account of this prominent and distinguislied individual may be given here- 
after. Suffice it to say that the Rev. Iluirh Peters, alluding to the services of this ofii- 
cer at the taking of Worcester, that last stronghold for the King (in July, 1616), 
observes, '• and truely I wish Colonell Rainborow a suitable employment by Sea or 
Land, for both which God hath especially titled him ; foraine States would be proud 
of such a Servant.'"* Resisting a seizure of his person on the part of tlie rnyalists. 
he was killed at Doncaster, 29 Oct. IHIS, and buried at Waopini, 14 Nov. Ad- 
ministration on his estate was granted, 24 Nov., to his widow Margaret, maiden 
name probably Jenney. 

1. William* eldest son : mentioned in wills of his grandfather 1633. and his 
uncle Edward 1677. He was a Captain in the army, it would appear, 
during the Protectorate, and judirin^r from the Winthrop Letters (M;xss. 
Hist. Soc. Col. 5, viii.) was in Boston, N. E., 1673 ; living 1687. 
2. William^ Rainsborow (William.- ThomasM ; mentioned in Savage's Geneal. 
Die. as being of Charlestown, Mass. Col., 1639 ; Artillery Co. same year ; purchas- 
ed 17 Dec. 1640, of Th. Bright, house and land in Watertown, which had been 
the homestall of Lt. Rolit. Feake. Budington mentions his purchase of the old meet-. 
ing-house. Ile was evidently a trader or sea-captain. March 7, 1643-4. the trea- 
surer of the Colony was ordered to attend to the di.~charge of Mr. Rainsborow's 
debt, with allowance of £20 forbearance for the time pa-^t, aud the loan of two sach- 
ars for two great pieces for one voyage, ile had been in England in 1612, when 
in April his name, and that of his brother Thomas, are found on the list of the 
proposed Adventurers by Sea, against Ireland. Tiiis was tlie expedition against 
Gal way, &c., whereof, under Lord Forl^es, his brother Thomas was commander, 
and the Rev. Hugh Peters chaplain. 

Judging from the discharge of his debt and the loan of cannon, Capt. R. again 
returned to the old country in 1613-4, and thouirh there are subsequent entries as 
to the debt, the monej-s are always to be paid to parties abroad on R.'s acc 'unt. lie 
immediately espoused the peojde's cause and joined that divi.-iun of the army which 
was in the west under Lord E-sex. Finding himself in a critical position, the Lord 
General despatched Stapleton, his General of Horse, to Parliament, calling for aid, 
and on the night of Aug. 30th, Sir William Dalfour, his Lieut. General, passed 

* King's Pamphlets, Brit. Mus., E. 35L 



.ji./. a ,.ri:i'. 



1886,] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 169 

safely throu2;^ the King's Quarters with 2300 hort^e, and reached London. Two 
niizlits tlioreaftcr Es-ex hiiii-flf and Lord Kolierti tied in a cock-boat to Plymouth, 
an^ the following day. Sept. 2, 1014. the commanding officer, Serj. Major General 
Skipnon, surrendered with all the iniantry and a few horse. According to a return* 
found in the quarters ol 5fir Edward Dudsworth, Com. Gm. of the Horse, we find 
that the cavalry had previously mustered at Tiverton, co. Devon, 39 troops, 4-JO otii- 
cers and 2765 men. The tirst division of 6 troops, 6.39 men. under JSir Philip Sta- 
pleton, Major Gen. Philip Skippon and Maj. Hamilton ; the six troops of the second 
division (Gi! ofBcers. 43::.' men), lieing commanded by t>ir William IJalfour, Uufli- 
cers, 100 men: Major Baltour, 9 othcei-s, 77 men; Sir Samuel Luke (Gov. of New- 
port Pauanel, co. JJucks), 10 officers, 7:2 men ; L'apt. Rainsborow, 9 officers, 57 men ; 
Capt. Sample, 10 officers, 61 men ; Capt. Loswell, 10 officers, (i5 men. 

Prestwich's "Respublica" describes the cornet of Capt. Rainsborough's troop 
0S follows : " Azure ; from the sinister base point all over the base, and up to the 
middle of the dexter side, clouds Argent, shaded with black and crimson ; near the 
middle or base, a book in pale closed and clasped and covered Or, on the front or 

side thus : ^^^^^^ between this book and the dexter side, and a little above the base, 

an armc<l arm and hand uplifted, as issuant from the clouds, and as in pale, holding 
in his hand a Hussar's sword as barrways, and waved on both sides, and the point 
burning and inflamed with fire proper, hiked Or; in chief a scroll, its end turned 
or doubled in, and then bent out and split, and fishioned duuble like two hooks, en- 
dorsed Argent, line*! Or, and ends shaded with crimson and Argent, and in Ro- 
man ca])ital letters Sable, vincit Veritas. Arms. — Chequered Or and Azure, and 
in fess a Mcor's head in profile, bearded and proper, his head banded with a wreath 
Argent." 

In the list of officers for the New Model of the army, which was sent up from the 
House of Cummons to the House of Lords, 3 March, 1614-5, -and approved on the 
18th, Col. Sheffield's squadron of horse consisted of his own troop and those of I^Ja- 
jor Sheffield and Captains Eveling, Rainsborow. Martin and Robotham. He sub- 
sequently obtained the rank of Major, and Whitclock informs us of letters received, 
July 2, 1647, from the Commissioners in the Army, certifying " that the General 
had appointed Lt. Gen. Cromwell, Cols. Ireton, Fleetwood, Rainsborough, Harri- 
son, Sir Har. Waller, Richard Lambert and Hammond, and Major Rainsborough, or 
any five of them, to treat with the Parliament's Commissioners upon the papers sent 
from the Army to the Parliament, and their Votes." 

From the Journals of the House of Commons, under date of 27 Sept. 1650, we read 
that "Mr. Weaver reports from the committee for suppressing lycentious and im- 
pious practices, under pretence of religious liberty, &c., the confession of LauTcnce 
Clackson (or Claxton), touching the making and publishing of the impious and 
blasphemous booke called the ' Single Eye,' and also -Major Rainsborrow's car- 
riage " in countenancing the same. Claxton. departing from the established 
church, appears to have joined all the prominent sectaries of the day, and from a 
tract of his published in 1660, entitled " the Lost Sheep Found," we gather that 
much of his trouble and imprisonment resulted from his own licentious behavior, 
he maintaining that " to the pure all things are pure." He was se^nt to the house 
of correction for one month and then banished, and his book was burned by the 
common hangman. Major Puiinsborough, residing at the time at Fulham, was one 
of his disciples, " and se<?ms to have bien an apt sch.^ilar in impruving his relations 
with the female part of the flock. "f It was resolved by the House that he be dis- 
charge<l and disabled of and from being and executinic the office of Justice of Peace 
in CO. Middlesex, or any other county witliin England or \Vales. 

For almost nine years we hear nothing of him, but on Tuesday, 19 July, 1659, he 
presented a petition to the House <m behalf of the Sheritl's, Justices of the I'eace 
and Gentry of the co. of Northampton, and on the same day was made a Commis- 
sioner for the Militia for the same county. In accordance with a report from said 
commissioners, he was appointed by Parliament, Aug. 9, Colonel of a Regiment of 
Horse in co. Northants.| After the Restoration, a warrant was issued, 17 Dec. 
1660. to Lieut. ^Va^d for the a;)prehension of Col. AVilliam Rainsborough at his 
residence. Mile End Green, Stepney (near London), or elsewhere, for treasonable 
designs, and to bring him before Secretary Sir Edward Nichols. He was acoord- 

* Symond'6 Diary of Marche?, Camden Soc. Pub. 
+ Notes and Queries, 4tli Scries, xi.4'57. 

X Iq the limits of Cliarltton, ]iari-h oi" Newbottle, co. Northants, is a camp and bill com- 
monly called " Rainsborough Hill," supposed to be of Danish origin. 

VOL. XL. IG 



170 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [April, 

in^^Iy arrc?tod and confined in the Gatelmuse. On his examination nest day he de- 
clared he was a >M:ijor of horse, bi;t di<mi.=<ed by Cromwell in 1649; that tiie Kump 
Parliament made him a Colonel of Militia-horse, 1659, but nothine was done ; that 
he had bou.irht -10 ca-es of pistols for militia, and had since tried to dispose of them. 
He i^^ave bond for 500/., Feb. 7, 1661, with Dr. Richard Barker of the Barbican as 
security for his good behavior. 

Ilia wife's name was .Margery, and, as we have seen before, the will of Capt. 
Rowland Coytmore of Wappin^, in 1606, mentions a son-in-law William Rains- 
borough, mariner, of Wapping ; while the will uf Stephen Winthrop. 165S. leaves 
a legacy to "cousin Mary Rainsh,irowe, daughter of my brother-in-law William 
Rainsborowe, Esq." from the Winthrop Letters (Mass. Hist. Soc. Coll. 5, viii.) 
he appears to have been in Boston, N. E., in 1673, with his nephew William.' 

3. Martha,^ bapt. at Whiteehapel, 20 April. 1617 ; married at Wappin^, 14 

June, 1635, Thomas Coytmore,* son of Capt. Rowland Coytmore, an^East 
■ India trader. He came to N. England nest j-ear and was wrecked, 27 
Dec. 1641, on the coast of Spain, leaving issue. Her second husband, 
whom she married 4 Dec. 1647, was Gov." John Winthrop, to whom she 
•was fourth wife ; he died 26 March, 1649, aged 61. She married third- 
ly, 10 March. 1652, John Cogiran of Boston! asiiis third wife ; he died 
27 April, 165^. leaving i«ue. Disappointed of a fourth marriage, we are 
given to understand that she committed suicide in 1660. 

4. JcDiTn,3 bapt. at Wapping, 14 Sept. 1624; married about 1641, Ste- 

phen Winthrop, son of Gov. John W., born 24 .^Iarch, 1619. He return- 
edto England 1645, became a Colonel of Horse under Parliament, re- 
ceiving 474/. 105. per annum, and in 1656 was MP. for Bantf and Aber- 
deen, Resided at time of decease in James Street, Westminster. His 
■will of 3 May, proved 19 Aug. 165B, mentions three daughters, Marira- 
ret, Joanna and Judith, as before given. She is mentioned 1668, in Her 
uncle Thomas's will. 

5. Saiiuel,3 b. ob. infs. ; buried at Wapping, 24 Nov. 1628. 

6. Joa.vk,^ b. ; m. John Chamberlain, a captain under Parliament ; living in 

May, 1687, a brewer at Deptford, co. Kent, She is mentioned 166^ in 
her uncle Thomas's will. The will of S. Winthrop, 1653, mentions their 
daughter Judith. 

7. Rey>-old,3 bapt. at Whiteehapel, 1 June, 1632. 

8. Edward.^' bapt. at Whiterhapel, 8 Oct. 1633. Richard Wharton, writin^^ 

from Boston, N. E., Sept. 24. 1673, to a kinsman of rank and influence 
in England, suggests that his Majesty should send out two or three frig- 
ates, by the ensuing February or March, with s^me 300 soldiers, for the 
recapture of New York from 'the Dutch. That the expedition should be 
a.ssisted by a colonial force, the whole to be under the command of some 
native leader, such a.s Maj. Gen. Daniel Dennison. He continues : " for 
a more certain knowledge of the constitutions of o'' government & com- 
plexions of the people I refer j-ou to M'' Edw'^ Rainsborough an intellig* 
Gentleman who went home three months since. 1 have requested him 
to wait on you & communicate w* I have advi.sed him .M^ Rains- 
borough dwells at Knights bridge & is to be heard of at M' Whiting's 
shop upon the old Exchange. ''f He appears to be the earae party 
whose will runs as follows :' Edward Rainborow of Cranford, co. .Nlid- 
dlesex, gentleman; Sept. 14, 1077 (proved May 4, 1652), being in good 
health, but going bej-nnd the seas, do make this my last will, &c. 
Bequeatiis to his wife Christian one fourth of all his real and personal 
estate during her life. To his dear friend Mary Alcock, widow, for and 
in consideration of a very considerable .sum of money for which he stands 
indebted to her, one fourth part of his real and personal estate either in 
England or N. England, during her life; one eighth part to beat her ab- 
solute disposal. To son Mytton Rainborow one fourth of all his real and 
personal estate when twenty-one years of age. To daughter Juditii Rain- 
borow one fourth of his real and personal "^estate until her brother Myt- 
ton shall, enjoy that part which is given to his mother and also the 

* Katherine, dancrhter of Thomas and Martha Qaoitmore, bapt, at Wapping, 13 April, 
and buried 19 April, \fj.'A. 
t Hist, ilag., 1807, p. 293. 



1-fV';.. .^M•.i ...... 



1886.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 171 

ei;rhth part given to Mary Alcock. To his nephew William Rainsbo- 
row five pounds to buy him a ring. Appoints his wife's sister, Mrs. Sa- 
rah Mackworth of Shrewsbury, and Mrs. Mary Alcock of Cranford, ex- 
ecutors. — Book Cottle, folio 62. 
Concerning the New England estate referred to by Edward Rainsborowe in his 
■will of 1677, as above, we have evidence on file in the Rc::;istry of Deeds, Salcni, of 
which the following is a summary : Whereas Judith Winthrop and John Cham- 
berlain, two of the Executors of Stephen Winthrop deceased, had by certain deeds of 
Indenture, Bargain &, Sale conveyed to Edward Raiusburrowe of L<jndon. merchant. 
all those parcells of lands lying i being in N. England in America, viz : one moiety of 
Prudence Ii:land, lying in or near y' bay of Narragansett, in Rhode Island Culuny, 
and all that Farm at Lynn or Salem, containing by estimation 1500 acres mure or 
less, now, considering the great hazard of transmitting ye conveyances beyond .sea, 
the said Executors do acknowledge t>efore a notary public the said deeds of hargtiin 
and sale, 21 April, 1671. The document was signed in presence of Nich. Hayward, 
Not. Pub., Symon Amory, Tim" Prout sen', and his son W^-' Prout. Timothy Prout, 
shipwright of Boston, testified to the same befoi-e Dep. Gov. John Leverett, 5 Mar. 
1672-3, and the instrument was recorded and compared 5 July following. As late 
as 21 March, 1695-6, the above was compared with the original and found an ex- 
actly true copy of ye record in ye booke of Deeds Lib: S^ Page 195. 

Meanwhile John Chamberlain, the sole surviving executor of Stephen Winthrop 
deceased, having been shown a copy of the instrument above referred to, as being 
on file in some court in N. England, made oath 31 May. 16S7, that he had never 
ei^ned nor executed any such writing or instrument, nor did he believe that .Judith 
V) inthrop, widow & executrix, hod made any such conveyance to the late Edward 
Rainsburrow. This testimony of Mr. Chamberlain appears to have been given at the 
request of his nephew William^ Rainsburrowe, son of Vice Adm. Thomas' Rains- 
barrowc, being, we may infer, at the time the only, or at least the eldest, male rep- 
resentative of the family, and acting in the interest of his cousins the children of 
Stephen Winthrop deceased. Robert Wildey, of the parish of St. Paules Peters, 
CO. Middlesex, cook, and " Thomasine Jenney. of the same place spinster, aunt of ye 
said William Rainsburrowe," swore to their knowledge of and acquaintance with 
John Chamberlayn for thirty years and upwards last past ; that he and Stephen 
"Winthrop, Esq., whom they had also known, had married two sisters, " this depo- 
nent William Rainsburrow's Aunts, and sisters of Edward Rainsburrow in ye above 
•written affidavit named, &c. &c." Nicholas Hayward, the Notary Public, men- 
tioned in the first instrument, swore that he had never drawn up such a paper, and 
the whole denial was witnessed by four parties on the point of departure from Lon- 
don for New England, and was also compared with the original about nine years 
later, viz : 21 March, 1695-6. I. J. Gree.vwood.J 

Edmund Spixckes of TTarmington in the County of Northampton, 
clerk, 2 October 1G69, proved 11 August 1G7I. I give out of that seven 
hundred & fifty pounds which will be due to me or mine from the heirs or 
executors or administrators of Thomas Elmes of Lilford Esq. (after the 
decease of himself the said Thomas Elmes and the Lady Jane Comptou), 
to my eldest son Nathaniel Spinckes one hundred pounds, to Seth, my sec- 
ond son, one hundred and fifty pounds, to "William, my third son. one hun- 
dred & fifty pounds, to Elmes, my fourth son, one hundred & fifty pounds, 
and to Martha, my only daughter, two hundred pounds. To Nathaniel 
Spinckes, my eldest son & heir, all that laud iu Ireland, in King's County, 
which is now ia the possession of the heirs or assigns of Thomas Vincent 
sometimes alderman of London, which is due to me according to a writing 
signed by him to that purpose 6 March 1G42. Item I give to the said 
Nathaniel Spinckes all that fifty pounds, more or less, with the profit of it, 
that is now in the Iron works in New England, acknowledged received by 
John Pocock then Steward of the Company and living then in London, his 
Acquittance bearing date March 10'^ 1645. Item, I give to the said my soa 
Nathaniel all that estate whatsoever it be that falleth to me or shall fall iu 
New Euglaud, as joint heir with Joha Nayler uf Lostoa iu Lincolusliire, 



172 I^otes and Documents conceiming Hugh Peters. [April, 

clerk, to Boniface Burton, now or late of Boston in New England, my 
uncle and mother's brother and only brother; also my library of books, 
only such excepted as his mother shall choose out for her own use. To 
Seth Spinckes, my second son, five pounds at the age of twenty-four years, 
to William five pounds at twenty-four, to Elmes tive pounds at twenty-four 
and to Martha, my only daughter, five pounds at twenty-four. All the 
rest to my wife Martlia, whom I appoint sole executrix. My loving friend 
Mr. Sam' Morton, clerk & rector of the parish church of Haddon, in the 
County of Huntingdon, and my much respected cousin 3P Richard Conyer, 
clerk and rector of Long Ortou and Butolph-Bridge in the County of Hunt- 
ingdon, to be overseers. A schedule to be annexed to the said will &c. 
that Seth shall have paid him out of the estate that my father Elmes left 
my wife &.c. &c. (So of all the other children.) 

IS May 1693 Emanavit commissio Xathauieli Spinckes, clerico, filio et 
administratori Martha3 Spinckes defunctce &c. tic. Duke, 107. 

[I presume that this is the " Edmond Spinckes " whose name immediateh' precedes 
that of John Harvard in the litcepta ah ingredicntitus of Emmanuel College (Regis- 
ter, sxxix. 103). 

Boniface Burton, whom Mr. Spinckes calls his mother's only brother, died June 
13, 1669, " aired 113 years," according to -Judge Sewall, who calls him " Old Fa- 
ther Boniface Burton "' (Reg. vii. 206). Hull in his Diary (Trans. Am. Antiq. Soci- 
ety, iii. 279) gives his age as " a hundred and tiftecn years." Both ages are pro- 
bably too high. Burton's will was dated Feb. 21, 1606-7, and proved June 21, 1669. 
An abstract of the will is printed in the Register, xs. 241, and on page 242 are some 
facts in his history. He left nothing to the family of Mr. Spinckes nor to John 
Nayler. After bequests to Increase Mather, to his niece Mrs. Bennet, her husband 
Samuel Bennet and their children, Burton leaves the rest of his property to his 
wife Frances Burton. 

For an account of the Iron ^Yorks in which Mr. Spinckes had an interest, see 
*' Vinton Memorial," pp. 463-7-1. John Pococke is named among the undertakers. 
— Editor.] 



NOTES AND DOCUMENTS CONCERNING HUGH PETERS. 

Commnnicated by G. D. Scull, Esq., of London, England. 
[Continued from page 31.] 

Notes. 

At the meeting held 22°'^ of April, 1G41, attention was called to the des- 
poiling of his Majesty's palace of Holderby in Northamptonshire, and sum- 
mons were directed to five or six persons to appear and answer. Robert 
Eyre Innholder, especially in Holderby was to render account for " cer- 
tain bookes, papers, writings, records or copies that are in his custody." 

10**^ June, 1GG4— "a charge made against ye persons undernamed — Mr 
Benjamin morley in partnership with one Smyth and Hall a spiny grove — 
six acres — C0£ — a length of buildings 2J£ — a myle and a halfe of y"' parke 
palling — 20£, John Wills for stone and tymber of Holderby house used 
about his owno house — 4£ — John Jay for divers materialls valued at C£ — 
John Stanley for divers materials C£ — John Hill for severall materialls 
12£ lOs. — in all 133£ 10s. for which ye Committee demand ye full 
value." 

20 July, 1GC4. The several persons undermentioned having po^ccssed 



i;.1.c ».i«iu-i.'..' ^< 



Li] hM. '•;:-..• 



1886.] j^oies and Documents concerning Hugh Peters. 173 

themselves of divers parcels of tymber belonging to his Majesty's parkes of 
Clarendon and Bowood in Co. Wilts — the several persons named are sum- 
moned to make satisfaction and appear at Denmark hou>e (London) v^ 5 
day October 1GG4. To Jaspar Townesend — To " Sellers — Wm Ball — Ilich'^ 
King — Hugh Webb — Jon Wills — Jo° Preter — Jo" Norman." 

Tho° Barnard — M' Th*^ Nipp — and Widdow Chapman of Petsworth 
Sussex are summoned (1. Aug' 1G6-4) for having possession of some plate. 
JP Boardmau at Drury Lane has a marble head, he is ord'^ to deliver it to 
Geo. Sherley, ^lesseuger (11 Nov'^ 1G64). Also IG No^f 1G64. It is or- 
dered by the said Com""^ that Elias Ashmole be desired to re-deliver y* 
picture of the late Kiug on horseback now in his custody unto M'' Rhemy 
unles the s*^ M' Rhemy doe agree to pay for divers pictures belonging to 
his maj-'' in his Custody y*^ summe of 200 £ in money or y'^ like value in 
pictures but w"* this proviso that before y' said picture be re-delivered he is 
to appeare «& to give good i!t sullicient baile to answer to such accts as shall 
be brought against him in his maj''" name for y^ recovery of sattisfliction 
according to law." Signed JoAX Singleton, Clerk. 

Some time before his execution Hugh Peters issued a little pamphlet, 
" the case of Hugh Peters &c." * in which he corrects various evil reiiorts 
about himself '" as basely and Scandalously suggested by black mout'us." 
It thus commences: '" They which think to Vindicate themselves to the 
World by writing Apologies, rarely reach their ends, because their Game 
is an after game; prejudice is strong and the Plaister can hardly be made 
broad enough, nor apologies put into all hands who have pre-judged and 
received the first tincture." .... "I shall briefly give an account of my 
coming into England, my behaviour since I Came, and my present condi- 
tion in this Juncture. A colony going to settle in New England by his 
Majesties Patent, I went thither; who by my birth in Cornwel was not a 
meer stranger in that place, and fishing trade; and thither invited often, I 
say, went, and was with another sent into England by the 3Iajistrates there, 
for ease and Excise in Custom, and some supplies for Learning &c., because 
I had been witness to the Indians receiving the Gospel there in Faith and 
Practice; they Laving the Bible translated by us into their Language, and 
part thereof printed and hundreds of them professing the Gospel and teach- 
ing each other the Knowledge of the true God, and the rather, from the 
example of the English there, when in seven years among thousands there 
dwelling, I never saw any drunk, nor heard an Oath, nor any begging, nor 
Sabbath broken; all which invited me over to England; but Coming, found 
the Nation imbroyled in troubles and War; the Preaching was, Curse ye 
Meroz, from Scotland to England; the best ministers going into the field; 
in which (not without urging) I was imbanjued in time; and by force upon 
me here, failed of my j^romise of returning home ; which was and is my sad 
affliction. My first work was, with the first to go for Ireland ; which I did 
with many hazards, then was at Sea with my old Patron the Earl of "War- 
wick, to whom I ow'd my life; then was imploy'd by the City ; then by 
the Earl of Essex, my Lord Say, and others ; and my return stopt by the 
Power that was ; and so was in the last army in several places, but never 
in the North : In all which affairs I did labour to perswade the Army to 
their duty. My Principles in Religion guided me to those Orthodox truths 
exprest in the Confession of Faith in England ; and am known to joyn 

* The Case of M"" Hucrli Peters, Impartially Communicated to the View nnd Cen-uro of 
theWliole World, written t.y his own liaml. London. Prinrc-d for iv.un. Speed, and are to 
to be sold at his shop, at the Signe of the Printiug-Press ia S' Paids Church-yard, (d pp.) 
VOL. XL. IG* 



ii-^K'l C'i i:7'-:t>it (tJi; .fci 



17-1 JSfotes and Documents concerning Hugh Peters. [April, 

with the Protestants who are found iu the Faith, in Germany upper and 
lower, France &c. I have and do hereby witness against all Errours of 
all kinds. For the "War, I thought the Undertakers their Work ; I was 
inconsiderable, yea, heartily sorry for mistakes about me. For my Car- 
riage, I challenge all the Kings party to speak" if I were uncivil; nay, many 
of them had my Purse, Hand Help every way, and are ready to witness it ; 
yea, his present ^Majesties servants preserved by me through hazards. I 
was never privy to the Armies transactions about the late King at Holmby 
or elsewhere, or of any Juncto, Council or Cabal. But when his majesty 
sent for me, I went to him, with whom I dealt about my New England busi- 
ness, &c. was three or four times with him, and had his special acceptance, 
and served him to my utmost, and used all my little skill for his and the Na- 
tions good more than twice ; for wliich I have witness ; though it be hard 
to cut my through so many Rocks. But God is good. It is true, I 

was of a Party, when I acted zealously, but not with malice or mischief : it 
hath been accounted honourable, Et Ca}sare iu hoste probat, to keep to 
principles of honour and honesty. I never quarrelled others for their judge- 
ment in Conscience. It is received, that Keliiiio docenda est, non coercen- 
da. I saw Reformation growing. Laws made, and some against debauchery 
and evil (which I was glad to read in his Majesties late Proclamation). I 
saw a very learned, godly, able 3Iinistry as any the world, well provided 
for ; I saw the Universities reformed and flourisliing; and such things much 
encouraged me in my Endeavours. I studyed the 13 of the Rom and was 
tender ; but found the best of Scotland and l^ngland of the ministry engag- 
ed and so satisfied me, that I understand the hrst undertaking is still main- 
tained good. By the War, I never enriched myself ; I have often otiered 
my personal Instate for 200£ and for Lands, I never had any but that part 
of a noblemans, which I never laid up penny of; nor never urged the Lord 
Grey, or others, to buy, nor knew not of the sale till done, nor justice any 
unworthy thing in it. I never plundered nor cheated, never made penny 
over the Sea, nor hoarded or hid any in England. I never was guilty of 
Secluding the Members in 48, nor knew it, tiil done, and sent by my Lord 
Fairfax to fetch off two of them and to know who they were that were 
secluded. I never had Jewels, nor anything of Court or State, more then 
before, directly nor indirectly. Never had any Ecclesiastical Promotion in 
my life in the Nation to enrich me; but lived on my own when I had any- 
thinf; nor have been a lover of money. The many scandals upon me 
for uncleanness &c., I abhor as vile and false, being kept from that and 
those aspersions cast, and such I make my protest against as before. I 
know how low my name runs, how Titleless, how contemned. Darid knew 
why Shemei curst him. For the Laws of England, I know no place hath 
better; onely having lived where things are more expedite and cheap, I have 
shewed my folly so to say : and having no evil intention, a very worthy- 
Lawyer took exception at something of mine or my friends ; which was 
never intended in his sense by either, and crave his excuse ; I can charge 
myself with evil enough, as any exceutrick notion of mine from my own 
Calling, want of a solemn spirit in slight times, with unbelief, if I have gone 
about to reach Religious ends by trampling upon Civil duties, breaking of 
any Covenants, or slighting them ; and do fear Gospel, and the Spirit also 
may be undervalued by mine and others unworthy dealing with them. 
Much to these I might add, who have seen many vanities under the Sua ; 
and the World hung with Nets and Snares: Alas, there is nothing to 
Christ. 



188G.] Papers in Egerton MS. 2395. 175 

" And lastly, I understaud what exception is upon me for Life and Es- 
tate in the House of Commons. I have taken hold of the Kings Majes- 
ties gracious Pardon, as others did ; and know not truly where this excep- 
tion lies grounded. I ^Yish I had been with their Honours to have clear'd 
it. I hope a Vagrant report or Airy noise takes no place with them : for 
I challenge all the World for my innocence for these suggestions ; and ap- 
peal to their Honours, and the noble Lords for a review of the Charge or 
Information ; and crave no favour if any sober man can charge me : other- 
wise I most heartily beg just favour, unless my evil be only for acriiig with 
such a party, I must have it ; For I know before whom my Cause is, and 
may not despair. 

" I must again profess were I not a Christian, I am a Gentleman by 
birth, and from that extract do scorn to engage in the vile things suggest- 
ed, and that by one creditless witness, that only supposeth, but asserts 
nothing. 

" I wish from my heart that our present Prince may be, and the Nation 
by him more hapjjy then any ; and that the true ends of Government may 
be had and communicated fully ; that every honest heart may have cause 
to rejoyce in God, the King, and their Laws. And for my self (through 
Grace) I resolve to be quiet in a corner (if I may) to let God alone with 
ruling the World, to whose Wisdom and Power w^e ought to subm.it ; yea 
to mind mine own work, though never so small ; to be passive under Author- 
ity, rather than impatient ; to procure the quiet and peace of the Nation to 
my utmost ; to mind things invisible, and Of a better consistence then these 
below ; and to pray, when I can do no more. Hugh Peieks." 

Hugh Peters to Capt. Allen. 

Capt. Allen. I have received y" and I have advis'd your friends what 
were best viz to come home upon sight hereof because the act of oblivion 
takes place till fieb. 3*^, and come directly to me to Whitehall and I shall 
further advise you. wishing the Lord may doe you good at the heart, 

24 Jan: | 52. Y^ loving friend Hugh Peters. 

Endorsed — flFor my loving friend Cap' Tho': alien. 

[To be continued.] 



PAPERS IX EGERTON MS. 2395. 

Communicated by Henry F. Waters, A.M., now residing in London, Er.j. 

THE followinp^ is an account of some of the papers contained in a 
volume of Egerton MSS. (No. 2395) British Museum. This 
volume was purchased at Sotheby's, 16 Eeb. 1875, being Xo. 1119 
of sale catalogue and entered as follows: "West Indies (State 
Papers kelating to). — A volume containing several hl-x- 
DEEDS OF Original Papers, Petitions, Patents, ^Iemorials, 
Descriptions, Letters and other Documents trans.mitted to 
the Lords of the Council of State and Privy Council, dur- 
ing the reigns of the Co.AiMON wealth Authorities and King 
Charles the Second, relative to the Plajstations and Set- 



!3>U) l>i\llilVi7 .Ul, 






.(■■■.ii:,';-.l »; -viF: ii/:.-i reO;, 



J. 1 

I'l" 



1 ' !.^ : :i/. 



176 Papers in Egerton MS. 2395. [April, 

TLEMEXTS IN THE 'WesT IxDIES, JAMAICA, CaEIBBEE IsLANDS, NeW 

England, Virginia, Nea\toundland, and Nova Scotia, large 
folio, rough calf, 251. Then follovrs a eummaiy of the contents. 
In the following list I unJertakc to give r, somev.-hat fuller account 
of the papers relating especially to Nova Scotia, T<e\7 England and 
Virginia, taking them in the order in which I find them in the vol- 
ume. The numbers affixed to each paper indicate the folios, as 
marked by the Museum authorities.* 

17. — Oct: 16"^ 1629. — Articles d'accord entre le Chevalier Guillaume 
Alexandre Seigii' de Menstrie Lieut,"' de la Ncuvelle Escoss en Ameriqiie 
par sa Ma''* de la Grande liretagne, et le Cheval- Claude de S* Estienne 
Seign'' de la Tour, et Charles de S' Estienne son filz. et le ChevP Guillaume 
Alexandre filz aud' Seigu' Alexandre by desius noirie. 

18. — Copy of a Lre from ihe Councill of Scotland concerning His Ma*^' 
Title aad liight to New Scoda:id.— Di\ted at Ilalyrudbouse O''^ Sept 1630. 

19. — Report made to Ilis Ma'^ of the Commodities of the Plautation of 
Canada. Nov' 24-^ 1630. 

20-21.— His Ma"=^ Right cS: Title to Port Eoyall. 

22. — Propositions and Considerations for the busines of Canada. 

23. — S'' Williai2i Alexanders Information touching his Plantation at Cape 
Breton & Port Read. 

24. — An Extract of the Patent granted to S' W'^ Alexander &c. concern- 
ing Canada. — 5 iMarch 1G30. 

25-25*. — Remembrances concerning the patent graunted to S' William 
Alexander, George Kirk Esq^, Capt: Ilirke, William Barkley and Com- 
pany, for the sole trade iuto the Gulfe and River of Canada, and for a plan- 
tation there : w'^'^ is opposed by my Lord Starling and his Sonne the said 
S' William Alexander. 

26. — Treatie concern' Kebeck, &c. 

27-29. — Quo Warranto against the Massachusetts 1635. [Printed in 
the Register, xxxviii. 210-16.] 

36. — Letter from his Ma'^ concerning Lady Hopkins, Dated Newport 
Novem''^ 11"" IGIS: ; addressed to S"" David Kirke; beginning — " Yo' sister 
my Lady Hopkins w'^ her family having occasion to visit you in Newfound- 
land — " ; and signed (in his own handwriting) " Your frend Charles R." 

199-201. — Queries and Objections ag^' the Massachusetts encroaching 
power upon several other propriaties. 

258. — Letter of the Lady (Sara) Kirke to His Majesty. 

259-261. — A Narrative made by the latt S'' Dauid Kirke Knight and 
Governor concerning Newfoundland. 

262. — The Peticun of John Treworgey Comander of the Colony of this 
Nation in Newfound land. 

263-4. — Report concerning Newfoundland upon Lady Plopkins Informa- 
tion,— by Tho' Povey, May 11"" 1660. 

• This list was prepared by Mr. Waters and sent to the Committee in the year 1834. It 
is thought th;it the aui.se of historical research will be ai.lvanced by printiu:^ it iu the Reg- 
ister. Some of the douiurn rits have already appeared iu those pages from transcripts 
made by Mr. Waters and Mr. Scull. The volumes and pa'.'cs where these documents 
are printed are given in brackets. Other documents in this list, of which copies are found 
in other collections of manuscrifjts, have been firinted elsewhere, particularly in the New 
Yoik CoIonialDocunients and ilntc Iiinron's Collection of Papers. Mr. Wat-rs has tran- 
scribed other pnpers froju Egerton MS. No. '2'i'J.j, whicli are now in the hands of iIjC Com- 
mittee, and will in due time appear iu the IvEGisjtee. — Euitor. 



u'cO :u '!. 



L.).Tn^] .r.Zr*l ijji. 






:i 03 ill V f 



1886.] Papers in Egerton MS. 2395. I77 

265. — Record of " Couucell of State at TTbiteball " (conceriiing New- 
foundland) "Thursday the xvii"' of May 16G0." 

2G6. 1660. — The iufFormation and relation of the Lady Hopkincrs who 
came pornosely ffrom Xewfouudhind to macke knowue to his Royall ^laj'-'. 

296. — Letter from M"" Povey coucerLuiig the naturall products of Virgin- 
ia in behalf of the Royall Societ_v: March 4, IGGO. 

297-S. — Euquiryes conceruino: those severall kind of things ■vvhicb are 
reported to be in Virginia & ye Bermudas, not found in England. 

299-300. — Report of the Couneill for forreigne Plantations, couceruin<if 
the Encroachm'* of the Massachusetts Colony. [IGGL] 

308. — Letter to M'' John Kirke from Charles Ilill, Ferryland, 12 Sept. 
1661, "concerning L'^ Baltemores interest in Newfoundland." 

309. — Testimony of W™ Wrixon & others concerning the same. 

310. — The Lord Baltemore's Case, concerning the Province of Avalon 
in New-Found-Land, an Island in America (a printed broadside). 

311-323. — Copies of certain Papers relating to Nova Scotia; comprising 

(1) Indenture, made before Josue Mainet Royal Notary living in Lou- 
don, 30 April 1G30, between Sir William Alexandre Knight Lord of JMen- 
strie & Principal Secretary of State of the Kingdome of Scotland for his 
s^ Ma'^ of Great Britain & Counsellor of His Council of State, & Lieu- 
tenant for His Ma*^ in New Scotland in America on the one part (referring 
to a royal grant to him of the country of Lacadie, bearing date of the 10^ 
of the mouth of September, in the year one thousand six huudred & twenty 
one) and Sir Claude de Saint Estienne Knight Lord of la Tour & of 
Vuarre, &. Charles de Saint Estienne Esq'' Lord of S' Denicourt his sou on 
the other part. (Translated into English 1 Feb. 1655.) 

(2) Indenture, made 20 Sept. I60G, between S"" Charles S' Stephen 
Lord of La Tour Barronet of Scotland of the one part, and Thomas Tem- 
ple and "William Crowne esq'"'^' of the other part. (Entered and recorded 
in the book of Records for the County of Suffolk in N. E.) 

(3) Test, of Robert Howard Not: publ: Massachusitt: Colonise novae 
Anglia^:, Boston 1 August 1678. 

(4) Historical account of the " Restitution of Acadie," by the Ambas- 
sador of France. 

(5) An Answer to the French Ambassadours Claime to the Forts and 
Country in America Exhibited in the behalfe of the Lord La Tour, Tem- 
ple and Crowne, Proprietors. 

324-5. — Extract from severall pieces relateing to the Title to Nova Sco- 
tia (ranging from IGOG to 1656). 

326—7. — An Account of Nova Scotia or Acadia. 

328. — Memoriall of the French Amb" about the restitution of part of 
Acade to Mon" le Borgne. — Read in Couneill 27 Nov'' IGGl. 

335-6. — The Draught of a Letter to Virginia from the Council of Trade 
and Plantations. 

340-1. — Minutes from the Records of the Privy Council at Whitehall 
relating to Nova Scotia, dated 26 Feb. «&; 7 March IGGl and 23 April 10 62, 
referring to petitions of S'' Lewis Kirke K"' John Kirke E.-q'' and others 
of the one part, and of Coll: Thomas Temple in his own behalf. The busi- 
ness of the last meeting was a grant of the Government of Nova Scotia &.c. 
to Col. Thomas Temple during life. 

354-9.— A "Treatise of S^ W"* Berkley," said to be "in Print," en- 
titled a Discourse and View of Virginia. 






■ij'jB 67 O^ 






'/.;;-/i ju" 9d ^i iasii ",? 



178 Papers in Egerton MS. 2395. [April, 

3G0-1.— (Copy oO Letter of 28 liLirch 1663 from William Berkley, 
Francis Morrysou, Tlio: Ludwell, Seer:. Eiciiaru Lee, Nathaniel B.-iCoa, 
Ab: Wood, John Carter, Ed^vard Carter, Tlieodo: Elande, Thc:iiL\-, Scegge 
and Ileary Ccrbyu, referring to a royal grant made '' Sep' tha ICfa la the 
first year of his Reigue," to the Lord Ilopton and otliers of a tract of land 
" between the tv;o liivers of Petomake and Ivappahanoke," cic. 

362-4.— (Copy of) Letter of 5' W" Berkley, 30 J.Iarch 1663, in ^hich 
the following is found : " let mee therefoi'e only bega; this, that your -Lord- 
ship would desire the King to send over one or two Gentlemen, tht-t J^e can 
trust, that may truly report to his Hc.y- what a grooving Eiipire Le has 
here, in which all the Plantations in the West indies bsgian to center, for 
liither from all pts they come : Two hundred tiamdies from new England 
wee hear are seated a little to the South of us : Contiuuall Letters from 
the Barbadoes tell us of ffamilies that if they can gett leave to dcparc 
thence will settle here : " — Reference is made to '• J^-Iy cozen Norwood."' 

365. — (Copy of) A letter from the same, dated 18 April 16S3, ending as 
follows : " My Lord I have sent by one Captain Willy forty-nine pieces of 
black "U'alnut Trees ; they will waiuscott 5 or 6 Roomes ; v/'^'^ I beseech your 
Lordshipp may be called the Virginia Chambers. I hope this next year to 
send your Lordshipp a Hogshead of Virginia wine, for the last year, I 
drank as good of my own planting as ever came out of Italy : Jly Dear 
Lord, for ever I am Your Lo^p^ most humble obedient servant," &c. 

366-7. — (Copy of) Letter from Anthony Langston relating to the con- 
dition and needs of Virginia and especially the need of Iron Works. This 
bears no date. 

368-9. — Computation of an Iron Work in Virginia. 

387-92. — Instructions to the Royal Coaimissioners appointed to visit the 
Colony of the Massachusetts, 23 April j.864r. 

393-5. — Similar Instructions to the same for the Visitation of the Colo- 
ny of Connecticut. 

396. — Mem. of Import' Points for the Settle'n' of New England. 
397-411. — A Briefe discription of New Englaad, &c. [Printed in the 
Registee, xxxix. 33-48.] 

412-13. — The Names of the Rivers and the names of y** cheife Saga- 
mores y' inhabit upon them from the River of Q'jibequissue to the River of 
Wenesquawam. 

414-24. — Certain Notes and Informations concerning Now England. 
425. — Proposalls for New England (signed by James Bollen). 
426-34. — Reports of the Royal Commissioners, in 1665. 
435. — A list of certain magistrates and prisoners. 

436-41. — "30 May 1685. A letter from the Governour of New Eno-- 
land with affidavits," &c. (concerning the Northern Limits of the Massa- 
chusetts Colony). 

442. — Royal Letter to the King's Commissioners, of 10 April 1666. 
447. — (Copy of) Petition of Do Belleville and others, householders & 
Inhabitant3 of y° Provi::ce of Avilonie &, other harbours adjacent to ye 
same Continent," — "ilarch y* 13, IGuC" — addressed " To the Honorable 
George Kirke Esquier — & one cf :he Lords Propriators of Newfoundland." 
448. — Original Order of the Privy Council, SO August 1667, "to the 
Com'*^ concern" the rendition of places in America." 

449-50. — Original Order of the Privy Council, 2 Oct. 1667, appointing 
" ffriday next the 4'^ instant," for a meeting of the Coiiiittee for the At 
fayres of x>evy-EngIand, with a rough list of the said Committee attached- 



enr 3; £.'7 <m 



■'- '>;!: bar, tiy-lH '--r'' 



V'.U 1 

; 1 . 



1886.] Papers in Egcrton MS. 2395. 179 

451_53, — Directions for the bounrliucre of I'Acadie. In order to the Res- 
titutiou thereoff to the French.— With Notes evidently made at the meet- 
ing: of the Committee. 4 Oct. 1667. 

454. — An Acompt of the Bound' of Acada Nona Scosia and Penobscott. 
Delivered by ^V Newdiijate 18 7"' 67. 

471.— :\P Matthews l;e3titic3Cou concerning Newfound Land given in 
y« 28'^ of Jan: (70). 

49'6. — S' W™ Berkelev's copy of proceedings " At a General Court held 
at James Citty the 21"' d'avof November 1674, in the matter of a complaint 
made by Tho: Ludwell Secretary of State against W Giles Bland, by whom 
the complaint avers that he was '' abused, and called pittifuU fellow. Pup- 
py, and son of a whore," "contrary to the Laws of Hospitality and Human 
Societv ;"— and the- further complaint '-that the said Bland taking one 
of his gloves, without his knowledge or consent, did ignominiously, presum- 
tuously and unworlhilv navl the same up at the State House doore with a 
most false and scandalous "Libel, which contained these words, That the 
Owner of that glove was a son of a whore, mechanic fellow, puppy, and a 
coward," &c. ^ 

497-8.—" Drautrht of a Lett' fra his Ma'^'' to the Corporatio of Boston 
in New End'^ ab' New Hamp & Elaine, Del/ 18: 1674." Also " A Draught 
of his Ma"^'"' pleasure to be signified upon the Petition of Ferdmando 
Gorge and Robert ^lason." 

5ll_14._Letter from M^ Bland to y* Gov: of Virginia concermng ye 
execution of his Office as Collector of the Customs in Virginia. Dated at 
Bartlett Sept' 16"^ 75. , • /^k 

515-16. — Lre from W Bland concerning the suspenlion of his Office, 
Bonds & Certificate of Ships. 

517.— M' Blands Case as Collector of the Customs of Virginia. 

518-19. — Extract of a letter from New England concern*^ y' Indian 
Warr. 1675. [Printed in the Register, xxxviii. 381-2.] 

520-1. — Pages 9 to 12 inclusive of a printed work giving an account of 
"the Battel with the Indians on the 19'" of November, 1675, with a List of 
the English slain & wounded. The last paragraph is as follows:—'- Time, 
the conlumer of all things, we hope will once more subject this Adversary. 
Amen." 

522.— This Account of New-England— 1675. [Printed in the Register, 

xxxviii. 379-80.] ^. . . 

539.— Proclamation by the Governor and Captain General of "V irgmia, 
10 May 1676, referring to the Indian War in New England. Endorsed 
"Virginia News," " S' W" Berkeley's Declaration, 1676." 

540.— Another Proclamation ( 16*76) dissolving the present Assembly 
and ordering a grand assembly to be held at James city in June next. 

541.— The Copy of M' Bacon's Letter sent by mee May the 25-'^ 1676. 
(Sign;d Nath: Bacon.) 

542-3.— A copy of a Description of the Fight in Virginia May 1676. 

544. — A copy of " The humble appeale of y'' Volunteers to all well mind- 
ed and charitable men." 

445-0. — The Virginians Plea for opposing the Indians without the Gov- 
ernor's Order, &c. 

547_9._A copy of " The Declaration of y"^ People ag* S' W" Berke- 
ley, and present Govern' of Virginia. (Signed by Nathauiell Bacon, Gen- 
erall by the Consent of the People.) 

550-1.— (1) A copy of M" bacon's letter, the wife of Nathaniell Bacon in 



:> ?id 









■" .:.;;»; ■-hirt.f: 






ni norrJi il.in^ufi/i/i ♦(> ♦>3iw sjl.'t 



180 John Harvard. [April, 

Virginia, June y* 29* 76, sent to her sister & receivefl the 20"" of Septemb' 
1670 concerning a murder committed by the Indians. 

(2) ^V Birds relation, who lived nigh to M"" Bacon in Virginia, and came 
from thence in July last, for feare of the Indians. 

(3) iM"' Bacon's Ace' of their troubles in Virginia bv y^ Indians, June y* 
18"^ 1676. 

552-3. — A copy of the Declaration of the chief psons in Virginia, touch- 
ing their Adherency to Bacon. Aug: 76. (Witli the list of names of the 
signers.) 

555. — A copy of W Giles Blands Letter to M' Povey. Received Aug: 
28. 76. — Concerning grievances at Virginia, written S"* July. 

560-3. — (Copy of) A Breif Narrative concerning New-found-land, by 
John Downing. ' Reed 2-i'^ Q"^"" 1676. 

56-1. — Other notes on the same, 1-i"^ Dec. 1676, signed J° Downing. 

565-6. — A description, by the same, of " The maner of Catching and 
makeing drie fishe " there. 

573. — A List of all Books (in the Plantation OfHce) Treating of Xew 
England. [Printed in the Registeu, xxxviii. 261-2.] 

593-4. — Letf to M' Lewen at New York concern" M"' Pen's Patent. 

595-6. — Copy of M'' Randolph's Queries and R. Sawyer's opinion 
thereon. 

601. — A rough account of the History of New York & affairs there. 

661-5. — Proposals in order to tlie Improvement of the County of Albe- 
marle in Carolina in point of Towns, Trade & Coyne. By George Milner. 

666-7. — (1) Proposalls concerning building of Towns in Virginia. 

(2) Proposals concerning the Custome of Tobacco. 

670. — An account of all the trading Townes and Ports lying upon the 
Sea & navigable riuers. w''' number of Houses in euery Towne. (New 
England.) [Printed in the Rkoister, xxxviii. 380-1.] 

671. — Petition of Lyonell Copley & others, concerning the Iron Works. 
[Printed in the Registeu, xxxviii. 378-9.] 

672-6. — (1) Proposition de Louis Le Page. 

(2) Description des Lacs uouvellement descouverts k la Source du 
Fleuve de S' Laurent. (Evidently addressed to the King of France.) 



JOHN HARVARD. 

Commnnicated by Joiix T. Hass.vm, A.M., of Boston. 

THE interest excited by Mr. Waters's researches in England is not con- 
fined to those who speak the PLnglish language. The following edito- 
rial from the Paris journal "La Renaissance" of September 4th, 1S85, 
shows that some of the results of these researches are becoming known on 
the other side of the English Channel. The ignorance of French writers 
about everything that takes place outside of the limits of their ovvu coun- 
try is proverbial, and this ignorance is never more conspicuously displayed 
than when they undertake to treat of American or F.nglish matters. Of 
course there are exceptions to this rule. This editorial, however, barring 
some inaccuracies, is otherwise remarkably free from errors, and shows 
an appreciation and knowledge of the subject which is most unusual in a 
Frenchman. 



03 !&£-.yHiU«- 



--^f'-'j: 'T y::or. 



1886.] John Harvard. 181 

Harvard did not give to the College " toute sa fortune," nor has his 
"acte de mariage " as yet been foun'tl, and " Eleve d'Oxford " he cer- 
tainly was not. But these mistakes serve to give the true Gallic stamp to 
the article which is here reprinted verbatim. 



Harvard. — Le nom que nous venous d'ecrire. aussi connu en Anierlque que ceux 
de Washington, de Franklin ou de La Fayette, n'est probablement pas inconnu de 
nos lecteurs. lis savent sans doute que Ic plus ancien et plus celebre des etablisse- 
ments d'instruction des Etats-Unis, s'appelle R-irvard coUeje et que le mot colle<Te 
no doit pas etre pris ici dans le sens qu'il a en fran^ais. Ilarvard n'est aucunement 
un lycee, un etablissement d'instruction sccondaire, c'est une universite que les 
am6ricains comparent, a bon droit, bien quelle soit de creation plus recente, aux 
vieilles universites d'Oxford et de Cambridi^e. 

D'oii vient ce nom de Harvard? C'est celui d'un pasteur puritain, John de son 
pr6nom, qui en mourant, en 1638, legua a un college, dont la creation avait ute do- 
cretee deuxans auparavant, toute sa fortune, y compris une bibliotheque de oOO vol- 
umes, ce qui representait une somme deux Ibis superieurea la subvention votee par la 
colonie du Massachusetts pour la creation projetee. Ces ressources improvues amene- 
rent rouverture immediate de cet etablissement, fluivard College, le College de Har- 
vard, situe a Xew Cambridge, pres de Boston, qui bientot devint celebre et^'a fourni h. 
la Republique americaine bou nombre de ses hommes les plus eminents, dans toutes 
les branches de I'activite humaine. 

Le nom de John Harvard, lie pour toujours k I'universite la plus celobre du Nou- 
veau Monde, est depuis plus de deux siecles dans toutes les bouches, mais le nom 
seul ctait cormu, I'homrae ne I'etait nuUement; on ne savait \ pen pres rien de son 
origine, ni de sa carriere, et quand on avait dit de lui : c'etait un pasteur, puritaiu 
d'opinions, qui mourut en 1638, on avait tout dit. Cet inconnu vient de trouver sou 
Christophe Colomb, un laborieux et sagace investigateur, M. Henry F. Watters, vient 
de publier dans le S'eic England llislorical et Genealogical Rejister, numero de juillet, un 
article intitule " John Harvard et ses ancotres " qui a fait sensation. M. Waters a 
6te assez heureux pour pouvoir mettre la main sur des actes de bajteme, de mariac^e, 
de deces, ainsi que sur dLx testaments qui permottent de suivre dans sa rapide car- 
riere, brusquement terminee par la maladie ,\ I'age de trente-un ans, son jeune et 
sympathique heros. II ressort de ces ditferentes pieces que John Harvard naquit k 
Southwarck, Londres, oix il fut baptise le 29 novembre 1607, qu'il etait tils d'un bouch- 
er dont le nom, a une epoque ou Ton etait trcs indifferent aux questions d'ortho"-- 
raplie, s'ecrivait tantot Harvye, tantot Harverd, tantot et plus souvent Ifarvercfe, 
qu'il avait etudie et pris ses degres a Cambridge (Angleterre), qu'il s'y etait marie; 
apres quoi nous le trouvons en 1637, un an avaut sa mort, etabli a Charlestown, Mas- 
sachusetts, comme pasteur dissident. 

La lumicre est done aujourd'huipleinement faite sur la vie de J. Harvard. Ne dans 
TEglise itablie^ dont les membres seuls etaient admis alors dans les Universites an- 
glaises, 11 a rompu avec elle pour embrasser les idecs des puritains, bien plus protes- 
lants que les anglicans. Comme beaucoup d'autres puritains, il a ete cherchtr dans 
le Xouvcau Monde la liberte que I'Angleterre lui marchandait. Ely ve d'Oxford, il 
avail compris I'immense influence qu'une grande universite peut exercer sur les des- 
tinees d'une nation, et il a voulu en assurer lesbienfaits k sa nouvelle patrie. L'evene- 
ment lui a donne pleinement raison et il aaujourd'hui cette rare fortune qu'ctant 
mieux connu, il n'en est que plus estime. 



_ Harvard s Example.— And well docs the example of Harvard teach as that what 
18 thus given away IS in reality tlie portion b.-,«t saved and longest kept. In the 
public truets to which it is confided, it is .safe, as far as anything human i« '•afe 

from the vicissitudes to whicn all else is subject Here it will not perish with the 

poor clay to whose natural wants it would else have been Appropriated Here 
unconsumed itself, it will feed the hunger of th-i mind,— the only thing on earth 
that never dies,— and endure and do good fora^a-s alter the d;iiur himselflja-s ceased 
to live, in aught but his benetactions.— Edw.\kd Everett. 



VOL. XL. 17 



182 Soldiers in King PJiilip's War. [April, 



- SOLDIERS IX KIXG PHILIP'S WAR. 

Communicated by the Rev. Gkoroe M. Bodoe, A.M., of East Boston, Mass. 
[Continued from page 93.] 

No. XIV. 

Close of the Narragansktt Campaign; the "PIungry 
March ; " Capt. Samuel Brocklebank 
and his ;Men. 

AFTER the battle at the Xarragansett Fort, several weeks of 
partial inactivity ensued, while both the English and the In- 
dians were seeking to recover somewhat from the severe blow each 
had received. The forces of Massachusetts and Plymouth remained 
at Smith's garrison at Narragansett, while Major Treat with the 
Connecticut regiment returned to Stonington about December 
28th."' 

From various sources, the accounts of the most reliable historians 
of the time, from contemporary letters and notices, we are able to 
glean some few items indicating the situation of affairs at the seat of 
war. 

The Indians were greatly demoralized and evidently very solicit- 
ous as to the inunediate future action of our army, as they sent in a 
delegation to the General on Timrsday, December 23d, four days 
after the fight, ostensibly to negotiate in regard to peace, but in re- 
ality, doubtless, to ascertain the strength and intentions of the Eng- 
lish. Some of the Indians had returned to their fort upon the re- 
treat of the troops, and it is likely were able to rescue a part of their 
provisions from the flames, bit the main body was gathered into a 
swamp some three miles distant, while those who had joined the 
Narragansetts from neighboring tribes returned home. Mr. Dud- 
ley wrote that Philip was seen by one of ours with a strong body- 
guard during or after the battle. If so he must have made a rapid 
march between that and January 6th, upon which date Governor 
Andros, of the New York Colony, writes to the Connecticut Gov- 
ernor : 

" This is to acquaint you that late last night I had intelhgence that Phi- 
lip & 4 or 500 North Indians figliting men, were come within -40 or 50 
miles of Albany northerly, where they talk of continuing this winter: that 
Phi: is sick, and one Sahamoshuha the Comander in chief. Whereupon 
I have despatched orders theither." 

I have found no reliable proof that Philip or his Wampnnoag war- 
riors, as a body, had any part in the Narragansett fight, while there 

"« In the treasurer's account with Connecticut colony there is a charge " For Lil'irin^ 40 
wonnded men 7 days," and a.> t!iv:rL- is no oilier oeca-iou on which so many were wounded, 
it is fair to assume that tlw Connecticut forces did not retire before the 28th. 



ri-:.m 



1886.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 183 

is some direct testimony tliat tliey did not. Indian captives refer 
the command of the Indians to other chiefs, and a cutemporary wri- 
ter in the scries of letters publisiied in Lcmdon under the title, '' Pre- 
sent State of New England, with respect to the Indian War," says 
positively, " King Philip hath not yet been at Narraganset, as we 
feared, but is retired with his Men near Albany where he hath kept 
his Winter Quarters." This place is since known as Scattacook,^ 
and is situated iu Rensselaer County, about tuenty miles north of 
Albany. 

The great snow-storm that began at the time of the battle and 
lasted for several days, rendered any movement of the infantry im- 
possible, even if they had been in condition, and then suddenly there 
came a great mid-winter thaw, which further prevented their mo- 
tion. Capt. Prentice's troop kept scouting and watching to suard 
against surprise, and to gather in whatever was possible of their en- 
emy's supplies of corn, of which tliey obtained quantities, but the 
provisioning of this large body of men liad to be done chiefly by 
vessels sent from Boston, and by some, at this time, gathering corn 
along the port towns of Connecticut, as we learn from their archives 
and from other sources. 

On the 27th of December Capt. Prentice with his troop made a 
march into Pomiiam's country (now Warwick) and destroyed near 
a hundred wigwams. December 28th, a squaw captured at tlie fort 
was sent to the Indians with an offer of peace, if they would agree 
to the terms of the former treaty, and such other conditions as the 
English might impose, and give up all ''Philip's Indians." The 
squaw did not return, but on December 30th a message came from 
the sachems proffering their thanks for the offer, but complained 
that the English made war upon them without notice. This Indian 
owned, as did the squaw, that the Indians lost three hundred of 
their best fighting men. January 4th, two prisoners were taken, 
of whom one, being a Warapanoag, was put to death. January 5th, 
the Indians sent in a captive child, three or four years of age, be- 
longing at Warwick. On the 7th, messengers came from them 
laying the blame upon Canonchet, who when he had visited I>oston 
and made his treaty with the English, had returned and deceived his 
people as to the terms ; but all these overtui-es were evidently prac- 
tised to o-ain time and take the attention of the English from the 
real movements of the Indians while they were making ready for 
their flight to the north-west. On the 8th these were sent back 
with positive instructions as to terms of peace. On the same day 
old Ninif'ret, sachem of the Xiantics, sent in declaration and evi- 
dence of the reality of his friendship and of the dire straits to 
which the hostile Indians were reduced. In the mean time the Com- 
missioners of the United Cohmies were making every exertion to put 
a fre.-h army into tlie field. As early as December 25th it ha<l been 
voted to raise one thousand men to recruit the army in the field, and 



184 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [April, 

the first of these were sent out about Jan. Gth"^ under Capt. Sam- 
uel Brocklebauk of Rowley (I think). The weather was extremely 
cold, and they suffered severely on the march, part of the wav 
through a fierce snow-storm " that bit some of them by the heel's 
with the frost," accordino- to Mr. Hubbard. Tlie writer of "The 
Present State of New England," the letters above mentioned, 
says that eleven of the men were "frozen to death, and many others 
were sick and disheartened." January 10th these recruits arrived 
at head quarters and were joyfully received. 

An order of the Council of Massachusetts, given Januarv 14th, 
directs Major Gookin " to order the Eastern Souldiers with Horse 
and Foot, as soon as they come to Cambridge, to march to the army 
and to put them under such conduct as he sees riglit, until thev jjet to 
Narraganset to Major Appleton, sending away with them the Armorer 
that is there already." On Jan. 17th the Coimcil ordered the Com- 
mittee of the Army to "forthwith furnish James Foord of Ipswich, 
a Souldjer under Capt. Brocklebank, now going up under Lent. 
Swett to Narraganset, with one pr. of good shoos and on good 
Coate and place it to his acco^" Ephraira Sawyer and Walter Da- 
vis, also, " now going forth to y'' Xarraganset," were furnished with 
apparel. These referred to in the above orders were a second body 
of recruits that were sent by the Massachusetts Council ; the Com- 
missioners having voted on January (3th, that the colonies should 
have their recruits at head quarters at Smith's Garrison on or before 
January 20th. 

January 12th, a proposition came from the sachems for a cessa- 
tion of hostilities for a month, which so stirred General AVinslow's 
indignation and convinced him of their treachery, tliat he determin- 
ed on a forward move at once, but still felt his force to be too weak 
in the absence of the promised troops of Connecticut. He fears the 
foe is escaping, and sends frequent mess;in:es to the Commissioners 
and to Major Treat and the Connecticut Council, to hurry up their 
preparations. 

The Connecticut Colony meanwhile was making every endeavor, 
the while however being somewhat impatient of the urjii^encv of the 
General, feeling that their own borders were threatened bv the In- 
dians quite as much as the other colonies. Their archives afford 
ample proof of the thorougli and energetic manner of their prepara- 
tion. Mnjor Treat's reorganized army rendezvoused at New Lon- 
don. From all the settlements recruits and arms and supplies were 
gathered as speedily as possible, and yet it was not until the 2Gth 
of January that their troops started for the field. The following 

'" Capt. Brockleliank and the main part of his company prohnhjy entered the service 
Jannnry 1st, but did not march to the seat of war until other rcmit-s were readv. Janua- 
ry 18th, Capt. Daniel Fi-her, of Dedham, has an order from the Council to send ail " Horse 
and foote " that come into Dedham under Lii;iit. Bv-nja. Swett, " awiy to yo Eneniv;" and 
the order shows Dedhaai to be the cuinraon rendezvuus of the four counties. 



•1 ■'■! .')1 



1886.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 185 

extract relating to the occasion is from a " Letter of Mnjor Palmer 
of New London to the Governor and Council of Connecticut." 

New Loudon y'^ 2G'^ Janua: lC7o-6 
I havinfT this oportuiiity by Mr Ploin, coiihl not omitt acquainting 
you of Maj' Treat's departure this day. with all his forces, who is accom- 
panied with Mr. Fitch, Mr Buckley & 3Ir Wise. They expected to reach 
Badcock's this night and so get to Mr Smith's tomorrow: For 3I;ijor 
Treate hath had two lute ord" from the General I one rece"^ on Lord's day, 
the other this morning, to hasten his coming ; the Indyatis being seated 8 
or 10 miles northwest of Providence, and about 2-3 miles from Mr Smith's. 
The information was gayned by two Indyans taken by a party of Capt 
Prentis' troope, which killed nyne more one escaped there being 12 in that 
party. 

Tlie Barke with the Provitions went out last night and hath had a fayre 
wind to cary her in today. They have added tenn barrels of meate to the 
twenty vou'ordered from 3IiUbrd : which doth atlUct our people more than 
the trouble of quartering both well and wounded men, which have so im- 
poverished them that sundry will much sutfer, without y^ speedy supply of 
corne for their releife. . , — 

In the margin of this letter is added the item, 
" Unkas has gone forth in person." 

It will be seen by the letter that the march from headquarters was 
be'Tun on the 2oth of January. James Babcock's place was in what 
is now Westerly, R. L By good marching they could have reached 
Smith's Garrison and joined the main army on the evening of the 
27th ; and thus January 28th must be the earliest date at which 
we can place the general forward movement of the wliole army. 
The Council orders and references and letters in the Connecticut 
Colonial Records serve to confirm the account of Mr. Hubbard, 
although derived from independent sources, and as they ^ive very 
few items besides, it seems evident that we have all of importance 
that happened. On January 23d Major Treat wrote to the Con- 
necticut Council, quoting a letter from General Winslow, which he 
says he has lost, but which contained nothing of importance except 
to hasten their coming and " grateing on our disorderly retreat," 
and the good news of the taking of Joshua Tift'"^ by Capt. Fenner, of 
Providence. From some Indian prisoners which the Connecticut 
scouts had taken, it was found that tiie Xarragansetts were lying in 
small parties along the way leading into the Nipmuck country, and 
with scouting parties so posted that our army could not surprise 
their main body. 

From a letter of Roger Williams to Governor Leverett, dated 
Providence, 14 January, 1(575, and published in the " AVinthrop 
Papers," vol. 3G, p. 307, Coll. Mass. Hist. Society, we learn much 
about this Joshua Tift, different from the accounts of contempurary 

>'3 Capt. Oliver's letter previously given, as to its facts, wiis "attested" by this Joshaa 
" Teff^." 

VOL. XL. 17* 



.W^U OjIj L" 



SiiiAll 









186 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [April, 

historians. ^Ir. Williams was called upon to take down the exam- 
ination of Joshua Tift, and afterwards reports the answers to 
the Governor. 

Being questioned by Capt. Fenner, who had captured him, Tift 
answered that he had been with tho Narragansetts about twenty- 
seven days ; that he was captured by C.inonciiet and his property 
destroyed, but his life saved on condition that he would become the 
slave of Canonehet ; he accepted the conditions, and was taken to 
their fort and there compelled to work for the Indians. He testi- 
fies that the Mohegans and Pequots with our troops made terms with 
the Xarragansetts at the beginning, and sh()t over their heads. 
After the English entered the fort, Canonehet and other sachems 
fled and halted beside a spruce swamp after crossing a plain. When 
night came the word was brought to the chiefs, of the English re- 
treat, and they sent back to the fort to ascertain their losses, and 
found ninety-seven dead and forty-eight wounded, and five or six 
bodies of the English. lie said that the Xarragansetts' powder was 
mostly gone, but that Philip had sent word that he will furnish them 
enough from the French, who have sent Philip a present, " a brass 
gun and bandaliers sutable." The sachems are now about ten miles 
northwest from Mr. Smith's ; speaks of the squaw that was sent bv 
the English, but that the sachems believed that the proposals of the 
English were merely a trap to catch them. Canonicus was for 
peace, and would not consent to lie to the English ; but his nephew, 
the young sachem Canonehet (or Xanunteno) was fierce for war, 
and the young warriors were with him, so that it was impossible to 
curb them. He speaks of Quaquackis as Canonchet's chief captain, 
"a midling thick-set man of a very stout fierce countenance." " He 
saith that Philip is about Q:iawpaug, amongst a great many rocks 
by a swamepside ; that the Xahigonsiks have bene these 3 days on 
their march & flight to Phili[), that he knows not what number 
Philip hath with him, Sc that this day the last and rear of the com- 
pany departed, that they heard that Gen: was pursueing after them, 
& therefore several parties, to the number of 400 were ordered to 
lie in ambuscadoes, that several parties were left behind to get and 
drive cattell." He also tesrified that Xinigret's men fought the 
English in the fort, and that some of the Mohegans have joined the 
Xarragansetts. 

This letter throws some light inferentially upon the motions of 
Philip, whom the Xarragan^ett sachems evidently believed to be at 
Quabaog. As no mention of him is made by Tift in referring to 
the fort fight, we have thus strong inferential proof that he was not 
there. 

At last, then, the armv being in readiness, began the pursuit of 
the Indians towards the Xipmuck country, in the somewhat famous 
march known to the succeeiiing irencrations as the " Lon^f March," 
or the "Hungry March," but of the details of which we have ver 
mea^rre accounts. 



1886.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 187 

Mr. Hubbard relates tliat on January 21st Capt. Prentice sur- 
prised a party of the Indians, killed nine and captured two, and 
within two or three days, the weather changing, our forces were very 
anxious to take the field, hearing, as they did, that the Indians were 
in full flight. " But so many difficulties were cast in the way that 
they could not be ready in time to prevent the mischief the Indians 
did at Warwick. For January 27 they despoiled Mr. Carpenter of 
two hundred sheep, fifty head of neat cattle and fifteen horses, drove 
them all away safely and escape! before our forces set out," They 
wounded two of Mr. Carpenter's people, and one of theirs was 
slain. 

The account of the writer of " The Present State," &c., mention- 
ed above, says : 

"The winter being now broken up, the Snow and Ice all gone, our Ar- 
my, consisting in all of IGOO Men began their March to the Rocks, where 
the Indians were tied for protection; but in their Way they had Intelli- 
gence that 300 Indians had been at Patuxit, an English Plantation on the 
Narraganset Bay, where they burnt Mr. Carpenter's Corn and Hay and all 
his bouses except his Dwelling-house, which likewise they had set on fire, 
but it was again quenched by some English that were in it. They like- 
wise drove away with them 180 Sheep, oO Head of large Cattle ami 15 
Horses; besides' they took much Cattel from young Mr. Harris, and killed 
a Kegro Servant of his ; and having done this Mischief, returned Home 
with their Booty." 

The haste and unreliability' of this writer's account is seen in 
his mixing up of different events, because he goes on from this point 
to relate the burning of Pomham's town, where they had " a small 
Keincounter," and " wounded his chief Captain Quaqiudh on the 
knee, and killed five of his men, and had four of our Connecticut 
men wounded ;" and then goes on to tell the story of the taking of 
Joshua Tift, who as we know was taken on January the 14th. 
This writer says of Tift that he was tried by a '' Counsel of War," 
while he pretended that he was taken prisoner by the Indians and 
compelled to bear arms in their service, but this was proved to 
be false (his musket when he was taken was heavily charged with 
slugs) and " he was condemned to be hanged and Quartered, which 
was accordingly done." And then the story goes on : 

" Our Army beat the Indians from the foresaid Rocks, and pursued them 
almost as far as Quabog, in which Pursuit we killed about 60 or 70 of 
them, and found many of the Matts scattered in the Way with which they 
cover their Houses, which we suppose they could not carry with them by 
Reason of our close pursuit. Some Prisoners taken from them inform us, 
that their Body consists of 4000, whereof 1800 were fighdng Men. half of 
which wanted Arms, that they were in great Want of Powder, and greater 
want of Provisions." 

" Provision growing scarce in the Army, and the Enemy having cleansed 
the Country of Things that might tend to our Relief, our General nsolved 
to pursue them no farther, but to hasten homeward, which accordingly was 



188 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [April, 

done with what speed we could, but the Scarcity of Victuals daily increas- 
in<^ we were forced to kill several of our Horses for Sustenance. Our 
General dismist the Connecticut Men, and sent them Home the nearest 
"Way, and old Unkus and his Indians along with them. They proved very 
faithful iu our Service, and were well treated by us." 

This writer says that a garrison of sixty men was left at Smith's 
House in Wickford, and that many of our men, including General 
Winslow, were troubled with the "Flux," and that they marched 
home by way of Marlborough. 

In Mr. Church's account there is a very palpable error in the 
matter of time, because it gives three months (instead of weeks) as 
the time of his stay at Rhode Island, tiius : 

" Mr. Church was mored with other wounded men over to Ehodeisland, 
where in about three months' time he was iu some good measure recovered 
of his wounds aud the fever that attended them ; and then went over to the 
General to take his leave of him with a design to return home. But the Gen- 
eral's great importunity again persuaded liim to accompany him in a long 
march into the Nipmuck couutry, though he had then tents in his wound;;, 
and so lame as not able to mount his horse without two Men's assist- 
ance." 

ISlr. Church says that tlie first thing remarkable in this march was 
their coming to an Indian town of many wigwams, but an icy 
swamp was between our army and this village, and it was only after 
much firing on each side that they were able to pass over, where- 
upon the Indians made good their retreat, the Mohegans in full pur- 
suit. One of these caught a wounded Indian and brought him be- 
fore the General, where being condemned to die, he managed to 
escape the blow of the executioner, and Mr. Churcli then branches 
off into a long account of an exploit of his own in recapturing him, 
closing his account of the march which to us now is of such inter- 
est, in a simple sentence, saying that in this march they killed 
many of the enemy, until at length, their provisions fciiling, they 
returned home. 

Kow taking these accounts, with what we are able to glean else- 
where, and it appears that the Indians very skilfully eluded our 
army, and succeeded in pusiiing forward all their wounded and help- 
less to places of safety in the northern tribes, and then when all was 
ready made a raid upon Patuxit and Providence and the neighbor- 
ing !>ettlements, and succeeded in carrying otF large sui)[)lies, without 
a blow struck against them, except that of Capt. Feuner's party 
from Providence. 

It seems to have been the popular idea that the army of the unit- 
ed colonies, after the junction of the Connecticut troops, numbered 
about sixteen hundred, horse and foot. I have not been able to 
find any definite official statement, but as nearly as can be deter- 
mined from available data, Mas.-^achusetts sent out about three hun- 
dred fresh troops in January ; Connecticut, including her veterans 



1886.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 189 

and Indian allies, about five hundred ; and Plymouth probably about 
one hundred. With allowance for the dead, wounded and disabled 
of Massachusetts and Plymouth, about two hundred; sixty left in 
garrison at Wickford, and there would be, at a rough estimate, four- 
teen hundred serviceable men at Xarragansett on January 28th. 

From accounts above given it is impossible to determine the lo- 
cality of the " Pocks " referred to by the writer of the letters to 
London above quoted, and by him probably quoted from the testi- 
mony of Tift, which seems to have been, at that time, the chief in- 
formation the English had concerning the Indians. It will be 
noticed that Tift's evidence is that Philip is " about Quawpaug 
amongst a great many rocks by a Swampeside," and this may be 
taken as the supposed objective point or rendezvous of the Indians. 
The rear guard of the Indians were, at the date of his trial, or when 
he was captured, prowling about the settlements at Patuxit and Pro- 
vidence for an opportunity to drive off cattle, which purpose they 
succeeded in carrying out, some days later, -when the witness, 
who in this matter at least had given true testimony, had been 
"hung and quartered." The route of the main body of the Indians 
was in a northwest direction towards Quaboag. Rev. J. H. Tem- 
ple suggests the "Old Xarragansett Trail," or "Greenwich Path," 
through the "VVabbequasset country (now Woodstock) to the old 
Quabaog fort. Capt. Henchman, in the Mount Hope campaign, 
August, 1675, had marched into the Nipmuck country as for as the 
" second fort," at a place called " Wapososhequish" (probably Wabba- 
quasset), and then turned aside and marched to jNIendon. In a direct 
line Woodstock is about forty miles from Wickford ; by the regular 
trail it was doubtless much farther. In midwinter, with their scant 
knowledge of the country, with swollen streams to cross, an alert 
foe forever vanishing into the great wilderness, and eluding attack 
or luring to ambuscade, with provisions which the long waiting for 
Connecticut had served to reduce, their march was a hazardous un- 
dertaking, and probably was inspired by the hope of striking a final 
blow against their enemies, already reduced to great straits for pro- 
visions, arms and ammunition. They found " more than sixty horses' 
heads " at one place, probably at the late rendezvous of the Indians, 
*■ 25 miles north of ]\Ir. Smith's and 10 miles north of Providence." 
There seems to have been but one battle worthy of mention, and 
that is described by ]Mr. Church as at an icy swamp, and here sixty 
or seventy were killed ; and it seems that the Mohegans and Pe- 
quots did most of the fighting and execution here. The capture of 
the "Matts" referred to, is thought to indicate a Wabbequasset 
settlement, as these mats were a peculiar covering used by that tribe. 
I think it possible that the battle was at the old fort of the Indians 
at !Memenimisset. 

Finding his provisions growing short, and his men worn with 
their long march and severe exposure, and seeing no prospect of 



190 Soldiers in King Philips War. • [April, 

bringing the enemy to a battle, General Winslow determined to 
abandon the pursuit, when the Indians betook tiiemselves to the 
wilderness beyond Quaboag. I think the march commenced from 
Wickfoixl on January 28th, and it was probably on Fcbruarv iM or 
3d that the skirmish took place. It would seem that the Connecti- 
cut and Indian forces were dismissed as early as February 3d, as 
they arrived home on the 5th, while the cavalry of Massachusetts 
and Plymouth got to Boston on the same day, the infantry remain- 
ing over at Marlborough, but a part of tiiera marching down to 
Boston the next day. They were reduced to such straits tiiar they 
killed and ate many of their horses, and the march was thence 
called by the people "the Hungry March." I find on the treasu- 
rer's books, February 29th, "Edward Cowell Cr for horsmeat 
£03. 06. 00," as were others. Tiiose that took part in tliis marcii 
were included in the " Narragansett Grantees." 

Capt. Beockxebank's Company. 

Samuel Brocklebank, of Rowley, is said to have been born in 
England about 1630, and to have come to this country with his 
mother Jane, a widow, and his brother John. Samuel Brocklebank 
and his wife Hannah had children — Samuel, born 1653 ; Francis, 
born 1655 ; Hannah, Mary, Elizabeth, Sarah, and Joseph who was 
born 1674. He was appointed deacon of the first church in Ivow- 
ley in 1665. Elected captain of the Foot Company of Kowlev in 
1673. Was active in recruiting for the Xarragansett campai<i-n, 
and after the fort fight, on the second call fur recruits, went out 
with a company about January 1st, as I judge from his credits and 
those corresponding credits of his men, which according to mv best 
estimates were for five weeks, up to February 5th, when they re- 
turned to Boston, and reckoned from the time they left Ilowley. 
These are only inferences, however, drawn from the Journal and 
various casual references, and I have yet found no direct statement 
as to the officers or men who went out to Xarragansett at the second 
call, and I have not found any mention of Capt. Brocklebank or 
other officers whom I shall hereafter credit with such service. After 
the return to Boston, Capt. Brocklebank with his companv, within 
one week, was called to Alarlborough, where he was placed in com- 
mand of the garrisons and military operations, and remained until 
April 21st (not as some think the 18th), when he marched to Sud- 
bury, where Capt. Wadsworth with his company having joined him, 
they were ambushed by the Indians, and both captains, with most of 
their men, were slain. This battle, however, and the affairs at 
Marlborough, properly fall into the next chapters, in which Capt. 
Wadsworth and his men are to be ijiven. 

After the death of Capt. Brocklebank his widow married Richard 
Dole, of Newbury. His descendants of the name are quite uumer- 



1886.] 



Soldiers in Ki^ig Philip's War. 



191 



ous by his son Samuel and Elizabeth Platts his wife ; by his 
daupfhters Mary and Sarah, who married WilHara and Henry, sons 
of Kichard Dole; and by his daughter Hannah, who married John 
Stickney. 

Soldiers credited under Capt. Samuel Brocklebank : 



February 29"^ K 


j<o-6 






Francis Geilord 


03 


18 


00 


Samuel Mower 


01 


08 


04 


Nath. Pease 


05 


08 


00 


Joseph Parker 


01 


10 


00 


Samuel Hills 


02 


16 


00 


Rowland Ravensbee 


01 


07 


04 


Simon Groe 


03 


09 


04 


John Abbott 


01 


10 


00 


Nicholas Richardson 


03 


09 


04 


March 24"' 16: 


^5-6 






Robert Rand ' 


01 


10 


00 


Thomas Stamford 


01 


10 


00 


Richard Haven 


01 


10 


00 


John Wilson 


01 


10 


00 


James Day 


01 


17 


08 


Philip Butler 


02 


01 


00 


Daniel Hutchins 


03 


10 


00 


John Linsy 


01 


10 


00 


Samuel Brocklebank Capt.l4 


11 


00 


John Hum kins 


02 


02 


00 


July 24"^ 1676 








Samuel Brocklebank Cii 


Lpt.07 


10 


00 


John Brown 


02 


08 


00 


John Hobson 


01 


10 


00 


Nathaniel Stephens 


02 


09 


06 


John Woodin 


01 


16 


00 


Zechariah Ayres 


01 


10 


00 


Benjamin Peirson 


01 


10 


08 


Richard Bryan 


08 


11 


00 


Daniel Tenny 


01 


10 


00 


Thomas Kemball 


02 


08 


00 


John Jackson 


01 


10 


00 


Philip Kertland 


01 


12 


06 


John Wood 


01 


10 


00 


John Stanwood 


01 


02 


00 


April 24"^ 16 


76 






Philip Stanwood 


03 


08 


06 


James Ford 


01 


15 


00 


Robert Pease 


03 


12 


00 


John Giddings 


03 


00 


00 


Thomas Baker 


05 


09 


06 


Peter Jennings 


01 


15 


00 


Benjamin Jones 


01 


16 


00 


John Pollard 


01 


10 


10 


Joseph Fellows 


01 


17 


00 


June 24, 16^ 


re 






John Lynd 


05 


09 


06 


Richard Potter 


02 


02 


00 


Joshuah Boynton 


05 


10 


04 


Peter Jennings 


04 


16 


00 


August 24'" 167 


6. 






John Lovejoy 


01 


10 


00 


Jonathan Fantom 


05 


10 


12 


Jonathan Emery 


03 


12 


00 


Peter Chever 


03 


04 


00 


Josiah Clark 


06 


06 


00 


Samuel Perkins 


03 


18 


00 


Henry Cooke 


00 


10 


00 


Richard Jacob 


14 


15 


10 


Samuel Iresou 


04 


04 


00 


Sept 23'* 1676 








Simon Adams 


04 


11 


08 


Richard Prince 


02 


11 


04 


Moses Bennett 


03 


18 


10 


Samuel Peirce 


00 


18 


00 


John Burrell 


03 


06 


00 


James Chafe 


01 


12 


06 


Thomas Brown 


04 


03 


00 


PMward Sewery 


02 


02 


00 


John Wood 


03 


19 


08 


Michael Derick 


10 


00 


00 



Capt. Brocklebank wrote from Marlborough to Gen. Denison, 
March 26, 1676, asking that he and his conipany may be relieved 
to go home, giving his reason that tliey had been in the country's 
service " since the first of January at Narraganset, and within one 
week after their returne were sent out again, having neither time 
nor money (save a fortnight's pay upon" the march) to recruite 
themselves."' Fortunately the Journal contains the credits of these 
men, seven of whom were paid by Capt. Brocklebank, £00 12 00, 



t> T r. I ?■ A 



[)l Gi 



CO V:G Oi 



192 JNewhury and the Barthtt Family. [April, 

showing that six shillings per week was the wages of a private in 
the service of ^Massachusetts Colony at this time ; and there is not, 
that I am aware, any otiier direct proof of this, or any statement, 
except that given below, showing the wages of soldiers at that time. 
My own calculations agree with those of ^Ir. Sheldon, of Deerfield, 
that this was the price. This will show the time of their service up 
to February 5th to be five weeks, and £01 10 00 will represent the 
wages of those who were discharged at that time, and by tliis reck- 
oning they entered the service Saturday, Jaiunry 1st. I think 
thirty shillings was captains' pay, and Capt. Brocklebank's credit of 
£7 10 00 covers the same time. 

I have found one other confirmation of my own calculations that 
this was the rate, viz., a bill ])resented by Scrg't Ezckiel "Woodward"* 
of Maj. Appleton's company, in which his pay was for nine weeks 
as a common soldier, £2 14 00, and he petitions for sergeant's pay. 
This shows the term of service in the Xarragansett campaign to be- 
gin Saturday, Dec. 4th, as it closed, we know, on Feb. 5th. 



N 



NEWBURY AND THE BARTLETT FAMILY. 

By JoHX CoFFiK JoxES Browx. Esq., of Boston. 

O colony in the Province of Massachusetts had so definite a 
purpose in its settlement as Xewbury, and none furnished men 
of more exceptionally stexding character than this old town, whose 
250th anniversary was celebrated during the past year. The capi- 
talists who organized this settlement for the first stock-raising town 
in the province, had selected the site as the only place left in its 
domains which was well suited for stock-raising and distribution, at 
a time when the prices obtained for domestic animals was the high- 
est, and the earlier settlements were arranging to secure the broader 
meadows of Connecticut. 

Sir Richard Saltonstall, Henry Sewall, Richard and Stephen 
Dummer, with others in England and here, were the projectors of 
this movement. After having offered sufficient inducement to the 
Wiltshire colonists, who came with Rev. Thomas Parker in the 
Mary and John, to become the nucleus of the settlement,* they 
"completed their plans by the purchase of Flemish stock to add to 
their own domestic herds, and largely increased the number of ori- 

•" Serg't Woodward h.id been under Mnj. Appleton in the Fall Campaign, but in the 
Narragansett Campaifrn served in Capt. Gardner's' comoany, and was there credited. Many 
of the veterans were tlins transferred and acted as ofiif ers to the newly raised couipanies, 
withont their rank and pay being ofTuially credited by tlie Council, as the promotions were 
made in the field, and the stress of events precluded formalities and details in discipline. 

• " Mr. Parker was at tirst called to Ipswich to join with Mr. Ward; but he choosino: 
rather to accompany some of his countrv-men (who came out of Wilt-hire in Enirland) to 
that new place, than to be engaged with -uch as he had not been acquainted withal before, 
removed toUh thc-m and settled at Newbury." — llubiard'a Ilui. of X. E., p. 1&2. 



L\[W^ 



F.r=i 



!."-.jR h-tc. 



1886.] ]!^ewhury and the Bartlett Family. l93 

ginal settlers bv contracting v.'itli the Wiltshire people, accustomed to 
the care of cattle and to the handicratts growing out of the devel- 
opments of such a community, to join their Old-England neighbors 
in this new settlement. . 

Gov. AVinthrop, in his History of Xew England, under date of 
June 3, 1635, records the arrival of the new colonists and of the 
Dutch cattle : "Here arrived two Dutch ships wlio brought 27 Flan- 
ders' Mares at £31: a mare, and 3 horses ; 63 heifers, at £12 the 
beast; and 88 slieep at 50 shillings the sheep. They came from 
the Tressell in 5 weeks and 3 days, and lost not one beast or sheep. 
Here arrived also, the same day, the James, a, ship of 300 tons, 
with cattle and passengers, which came all safe from Southampton, 
within the same time. Mr. Graves was ^Master, who had come 
every year for these seven years." 

In the Massachusetts Records, July 8, 1635, is the following 
order : " It is ordered, that there shalbe a convenient quantity of 
land sett out by Mr. Dumer and Mr. Bartholemewe within the 
boirads of Xewebery, for the keepeing of the sheepe and cattell that 
came over in the Dutch shipps this yeare, and to belong to the own- 
ers of said cattell." 

The simultaneous arrival of these different vessels from different 
countries, in precisely the same length of passage, and that a very 
rapid one, must have created considerable excitement in Boston, 
and have been looked upon as providential. 

The ship James had upon its passenger list the names of John 
Pike (representing his family also) and Thon-.as Coleman. Kobert 
Pike, tlie son of John, was the moral and fearless hero of New Eng- 
land. His name stands to-day as the jSrst and strongest represen- 
tative of the right of petition — as the potential power which squelched 
the witchcraft delusion — and as a man who proved to the church 
and the state that a man's position in the state could not be govern- 
ed by the theological opinion of its legislators and rulers. 

Thomas Coleman, who had based a contract with the projectors 
of this new colony for the care of its cattle, upon their glowing ac- 
coimt of the temptation of the climate and the small expense for 
liousing, found that he had been deluded by the proprietors, and 
notwithstanding the importance and esteem which would come from 
their wealth, he boldly threw the responsibility upon them for the 
proper care of their cattle, and the General Court ordbred a division 
of the provender so that each owner should take care of his own 
cattle. 

The same disregard of position by those who imposed upon the 
rights of others, has been a noticeable quality in his descendants, 
who were among the earliest and most persistent to show the wrongs 
of slavery and the rights of man. 

Judge Sewall, "the Diarist," was impressed with the truth of 
the opinions of Kobert Pike and the Colemans, and the regret of the 

VOL. XL. 18 



r,- i.il 



f\ri- ^-^.■•> 



194 2lewburij and the Burilctt Family. [April, 

Judge for bis share of the witolicraft dehijion came from the im- 
j>ro.-5ioiisi forced upon him by the townsmen of tlie Merrimac vallev. 
AVlienever referring to the Judge, it is always pleasant to think of 
the general l<indness of his naUire in such direct opposition to the 
character of his grandfather, who was one of the capitalists to found 
Newbury, and who was in quarrelsome condition with church and 
man from his landing here until his death — the probable cause of 
wliich will be referred to in a note to his mother's will in the Gene- 
alogical Gleanings in England in the next number of the PiEGISTER. 
Of the projectors of Newbury, Sir Richard Saltonstall was repre- 
sented by Dr. John Clarke, the patentee of a stove a centurv before 
Franklin's invention. He was the owner of the Flemish mares and 
horses, and he, as well as the Sewalls, transferred that part of tlieir 
stock-raising to Plymouth and the Cape. Many descendants of the 
doctor were fimous in Boston as physicians and surgeons, and his 
live stock was noted and valuable through scores of vears. 

The names of Dummer and Sewall require no special note, as the 
generosity of the Dummers is proverbial, and the Sewalls have main- 
tained until now the qualities of mind and of heart which become 
judges and rulers, but was unfortunately beclouded in the ori^anal 
settler from personal and financial troubles of his own, caused by 
losses at sea, when insurance companies did not exist. 
^ On the last day of Feb. 1(333-4, nine ships were lying in the river 
Thames, bound for New England, when orders were issued that the 
vessels be detained until new articles in relation to passeuQers sliould 
be promulgated. These required the masters to furnish bonds of 
£100 each, to cause to be observed and ''putt in Execucion these 
Articles " among others : 

" 2^"^, That tliey cause the Prayers contained in the Book of Common 
Prayers estaolished in the Ciiurch of England to be said daily at the usual 
hours of Morning and Evening Prayers, and that they cause all Persons 
on board said Ships to he present at tlie same." 

" 3*^. That tliey do not receive aboard or transport any Person that hath 
not a certificate from the otficers of the Port where he' is to embark that 
he hath taken both the Oathes of AUeigeance and Supremacy." 

Among these vessels were the ships :^Iary and John, and the Her- 
cules, in which liev. Thomas Parker and his "Wiltshire friends and 
neighbors embarked. The principal number of passengers came 
over in the IMary and John, while those most interested \n the cat- 
tle accompanied them in the Hercules. Changes of passen-^ers were 
made in these vessels after they had first embarked. 

The Elizabeth and Dorcas, which had a cargo of cattle and coods 
belonging principally to Henry Sewall, was'also one of this^tleet. 
This property was in charge of Hem-y Sewall, Jr. Bad luck struck 
this vessel from her start — striking upon the rocks off Scillv Isles 
near England, then making an extremely long passa^-e, losing sixtv 
of her passengers by death on the way over, and many more in ' 



1886.] Neii'hury and the Bartlett Family, 195 

Boston who Iniuled sick but soon died. In consideration of the prreat 
loss of human hfe the lives of the cattle were too trivial to notice; 
that the loss was large there is no doubt. AVhen the goods of IIou- 
ry Sewall were being shipped later on from Boston to I|)s\vich in 
an open pinnace, the pinnace was suidc in a storm otT Cape Ann 
and all the goods were lust. 

Lists of passengers were made up without niucli detail, some giv- 
ing the names of men only in representing the family; others giving 
an accompanying list of the names of women and children, and 
pther lists conibined tlie two. 

Upon the list of tiie ^Nlary and John is the name of Ivev. Thomas 
Parker, the religious leader of this moving colony. He had been 
driven away from Oxtbrd, shortly after entering, on account of the 
nonconformity of his father with tiie forms and ceremonies required. 
After studying awhile in Ireland he went over to Leyden and fin- 
isiied his education in the University at Holland. Like most of the 
Pilgrims he found solace in singing the tunes of his own home, Avliile 
surrounded by those who spoke in a different language. He had a 
very sweet voice, and was a remarkably good singer. AVe can ap- 
preciate the zest with which he led the music at the devotional exer- 
cises on the passage over. Winslow wrote : " A\'e refreshed our- 
selves with singing of psalms, making joyful melody in our liearts 
as with our voice, there being many of our congregation very ex- 
pert in music ; and indeed it was the sweetest music that mine ears 
ever heard." 

Rev. Thomas Parker could have repeated this with truth. Tlie 
love of music vv'ent with him to I[)swicli and to Xev.bury. To boch 
of these towns he introduced the music printed with Sternhold and 
Hopkins's metrical version of the psalms ; and besides, he had no 
disrespect for the service of the Episco-pal Clmrch, if shorn of its 
genuflexions and peculiar dress. Evidently the daily services on 
board the vessel were looked back to with pleasure, and Mr. Par- 
ker was stigmatized by one of the Boston ministers as being like " a 
colt who kicked its dam," because he was not now averse to Bi-h- 
ops, after they had persecuted his fither in previous years. How- 
ever, the ^Mathers wrote very compHmcntary lines regarding the 
bishops of their time, and said that if the established church had 
been as kindly in the earlier days, there would have been no ^\e\v 
England. 

Among this moving Wiltshire colony was Richard Bartlett* and 
family. It is m'>st likely that they were on the same ship with 
Parker, as we find the name of his son, John Bartlett, representing 
the family. 

Richard^ Bartlett was probably married in ID 10, as his first c'lild 
was born in Ibll, according to niudt-rn wavs of dating. In li]12 
he purchased a Bible, which ^Ir. Jcjlin Ward Dean, the editir uf 

• The name of Bartlet is foaad in WiltsLire. See pcdii^'rces on page 201, 



-7, I! >.J)f'.' 

••it? '_>■■' 






196 JVewbury and the BartUtt Family. [April, 

the Register, has minutely described on p. 203. This book, which 
for more than twenty years had been the full source of their religious 
instruction, at home and in the parish church, was now to be used with 
joy and reverence twice each day while they were crossing tiie broad 
Atlantic. It contained also the Book of Common Prayer, together 
with Sternhold and Hopkins's metrical version of the Psalms and the 
music to them; prefixed to which was instruction in music, and the 
spiritual songs of Yeni Creator, Te Deum, Benedictus, Magnificat, 
Audi Israel, Pater Xoster, the X. con.imandmcnts, and many others. 
The Rev. George E. Ellis stated at the 250th anniversary of the. 
first church in Boston, that '"The very rarest volume — so rare, that 
I know not of a single copy — in all our treasured repositories, shelves 
and cabinets of relics, books and papers, gathered from the iiomes 
of our first generation here, is the Book of Common Prayer of pre- 
vious or cotemporary editions." 

AYhen this richly prized and sacred memento of the Bartlett fami- 
ly was displayed at the Xewbury celebration, it brought up to the 
minds of those fitmiliar with its daily use on ship-board and in the 
churches at Ipswich and Xewbuiy, the potent power of a single vol- 
ume used as this had been. After the prescribed services of the 
naorning and afternoon were concluded, we can see the groups of 
passengers enjoying a regular praise meeting of song, and particu- 
larly noticeable is that of the Bartlett family ; perhaps now the 
children are singing "The song of the three children praising God, 
provoking all creatures to doe the same," the boys Richard and 
Christopher joining with no uncertain tones, as the diamond-shaped 
notes are scanned, with the hideously crowded old black-letters be- 
neath them, giving the music and words to the quaint old song ; 
now, the whole company will close in singing " The Lord's Prayer 
or Pater JSFoster,'' and the rich voices of the father and elder son, 
with the flute-like voice of Joan, combined with those of the child- 
den, give us an idea of the home-concerts of this music-loving 
family. 

It has been considered doubtful whether Richard' Bartlett the fa- 
ther had ever come to Xew England ; but in the Salem Probate 
papers, in the will of Richard- the son, born in 1(J21, he mentions 
his honored father, late of Xewbury. Joshua Cofhn only found 
one piece of evidence of his life : '' Richard Bartlett petitioned the 
general court and was granted twenty pounds according to his peti- 
tion." But CofBn did not copy the record correctly. It was Rich- 
ard Brackett, the gaoler of the province, who had petitioned. The 
record is in June, 1G39. 

In Coffin's list of grantees, dated 1(J42, the names Richard, John 
and Christopher appear, and there was no known reason v.hy John 
and Christopher should each have a right in commons and their bro- 
ther Richard have none, but it is now supposed that the senior Rich- 
ard's right was arranged to be given to his son liichard, Jr. 



1886.] JVeicburi/ and the Bartlett Family. 197 

On page 295 of Coffin's History of Xewlniry, was given the gen- 
ealogy of the Bartlett family, to the best of his ability, witli theim- 
perfect records* for assistance. He supposed Iviclmrd and John were 
brothers, instead of being father and son, and he misplaced some of 
the children of tlie next generation. The venerable Levi Bartlett, 
of "Warner, X. 11., iias adopted some of Cothn's errors. The record 
in the fomily Bible, as given at tiie end of this article, transcribed 
by Mr. Dean, gives an authentic base to start upon. 

Richard^ Bartlett, above mentioned, died M:iy 25, 1647 ; bis dauc'liter 
Joane,* born Jan. 20, lGlO-11, married 'Wiliiara Titcomb, \v1io is 
stated by Savage to have come in the Hercules. If so. the name 
of William Latcorae (Reg. x. p. 2GG) is probably intended for Wil- 
liam Titcomb. Probably Thomas' and Anne' d'ied in Plnirland. 

Johk' Bartlett {Richard}), born in England. Nov. 9. 1G13. llis name 
is npon the list of passengers of the ^'lary and John, 24 March, 
lG3o-4 (Reg. vol. ix. p. 207), and unon the list of 91 proprietors 
of Xenbnr}-, dated Dec. 7, 1G42, " having proportionable right in 
all waste lands, comnious, &c." (CoHiu's llist.. p. 292.) Jan. ll, 
lG4;3-4, new town laid out. His lot is Xo. 27. He was elected 
Way-warden, April 27, lu4S, constable 1G49, and was selectman 
twenty years afterward. There are no cluircli records of Xt^wbur^ 
before 1G74. At this date, according to a printed church manual, 
John'' and his wife Joan were members. lie died, as appears noon 
a list of deaths furnished by William Little (president of the Xew- 
bury Hist. Soc), Feb. 5. 1G78. Children : 

i. Jave, b. . (The first book of Birtlis, Marria;?es and Deaths is in 

bad condition, and many entries are destroyed. Tlie first date of an 
entry of the Bartktt fainiiy which is preserved, is in 1G45.) She m. 
WilliaDi Bolton. J;in. Hi, l(jn4-5. 

ii. Jonv, b. Ifi39. He to(jk the anti-papal oath required by the Kin? (and 
ordered by the General Court) of all his subjects within this 001011}', who 
were of years hj take an oath. (Keg. vol. vii. 31'J ) lie had an only 
son Gideon ; th.e dau.^hter .Mary (mentioned by Coffin and Bartietj was 
the child of John and .Mary (ilast). 

Christopher' Bartlett {liicharcP), born in England, Feb. 25, 1G23-4. 
He died March 15, 1GG9-70. His daughter Mary died Dec. 24, 
16G0. The records as printed by Coifin and Bartlet are correct. 
The only sou of this line, Christopher,^ lived in Haverhill, who, be- 
sides daughters, left an only sou Christopher,* whose property was 
situated in that part of Haverhill which was in Xew Hampshire 
after the boundary line of 1741 was settled. (See History of Ha- 
verhill by Chase.) 

Richard' Bartlet {Richard'), born in England, Oct. 31, 1G21. The 
records of his marriage, his wife Abigail's maitlen name, and the 
details of his early history, can only be known when the lost papers 

• The church recon'.s of Newlmrv prior to 1674 have either been lost or de=troved. It 
has been said.tliat they were ilc-troycd "to bury in ol)iivJon the old quarrel." Tlie town 
records from 1G35 to 1G5.5 were coinLired with tli'c propri.-tary records, and tiie vo!uii,e has 
been subject to hardu^a^rc; for ytar after year tlie rcca-ds arc entirely lost. What rcmiiins 
of this hook was copied very carefully hy Lothrop \Vi:hin:rton, at the expcn'^e of Robert 
N. Toppan, now of Cainbri^lire, ;ind tliis copy was presented to the Historical Soci-^tv of 
Newbury. Tlie l:ind ::rants had been copied ia 168'J into another volume, but luc dates 
were omitted, — only the names beiii;; given. 

VOL. XL. 18* 



198 J^ewbury and the Bartlett Family. [April, 

and records of Newbury come to light — if ever they do. lie proba- 
bly died in Amesbiir}-, as there isuo record of his death at Xewbury; 
the date given by ColUn is 1G9S. 
Richard* Bartlet was prominent in church affairs, after Rev. Thomas Par- 
ker had changed his attitude in relation to church government and discipline. 
From the beginning 3Ir. Parker felt the necessky of a head of authority 
in the church, but allowed the voice of the brethren in church allliirs 
while he had confidence in the judgment of the majority. At the settle- 
ment of Newbury, the brethren acted in the admission of'members by vote, 
and all the affairs were conducted in a congregational way : buti!ilGG9 
Parker had determined that the pastor represented the government of the 
church, and members in opposition to the pastor could only - express 
themselves by their silence ;" in matters approving his own course, " he 
no ways approved a povernincj vote in the frafernitn^hul took their consent 
in a silential iccnj." Either way, he appeared to be a petty-pope in his own 
parish. Finally, in 1G71, Mr. Parker had a majority to act with him, and 
succeeded in obtaining a judgment of the court at Ipswicli ; in consequence 
of which, Richard Bartlet and iiis brother-in-law William Titcomb were lined 
four nobles euch, — 2G shillings S pence; and .John Bartlet, Sr. and John 
Bartlet, Jr. — the brother and nephew of Richard — were each fined 1'6 
shillings and 4 pence. 

"We can judge of the respect felt towards him in Newbury by the fact 
that he was its delegate to the General Court for many years,' beginning 
with 1G70; this was shared by the neighboring towns. Ilaverlull had 
been greatly troubled for want of proper accommodation from those to 
whom its mill-privileges had been granted, but who had noc fulfilled their 
agreements to the town's people; to remedy the evil, in 167S, •' the town 
unanimously ' voted, that Richard Bartlett of Almsbury be granted the 
privilege to set a saw-mill in Haverhill, on the north* meadow river.' " 
Bartlett lived near the Haverhill line, and we presume that his mill was 
built on the site of what are now known as Peaslees Mills (Chase's History 
of Haverhill, p. 132). He agreed, among other conditions, that he should 
pay the regular rates (that is, taxes) at Haverhill. 

It appears by his will, a summary of which is given hereafter, that he 
had, while living, given liberally of his real estate to each of his sons; the 
writer does not know to which of them he gave the house in Amesbury, 
mentioned by Chase; " thre parsells of upland and meddow in Amesbury 
bounds," consisting of 300 acres, valued at £8<)., remained in his posses- 
sion, as appears by the inventory of his estate, and were distributed in 
accordance with his will. 

When in 1G88 taxes were levied under Gov. Andros, Richard Bartlett's 
taxable property in Newbury was given, and the law required that all males 
above 14 years of age should also be registered upon the lists: yet it was 
noticed that no " head," meaning person, was indicated as represented with 
his property. This fact tends to recognize the idea that he was personalbj 
rated at Haverhill, in falfilmeut of his contract. The thrift, of the family 
can be judged of by perusal of the Newbury tax lists in the Rkgister, 
vol. xxxii. pp. 1.SG-1G4. A copy of his will, and of the inventory of his 
estate, I have deposited in the vault of the N. E. Historic Genealo-^ical 
Society, for reference. The following items are upon the inventory,°the 
spelling modernized : — 

Wearing apparel, woolen and linen and hooks £8. Os. Od. 

A carpet, flax, wool, a piece of cloth, yarn, a ciiUass £3. lOs. Od. 



1886.] JS^eiohury and the Bartlett Family, 199 

These two lines were selected because each line mentioned a power iu the 
family; without doubt the Bible bought iu 1G12 by his father was one 
of the hoohs ; and I have no doubt but that identical cutlass was girt by 
Richard himself around the loins of his son Samuel as he mounted his horse 
to hasten to Boston and join iu the overthrow of Andros; this was in Aiiril, 
1689. This Samuel Bartlett was the great-grandfather of Bailey Bardett 
of Haverhill, who accompanied John and Samuel Adams to Philadeli-aia 
in 1776, when the Declaration of Independence was proclaimed; and Baiiey 
Bartlet was grandfather of tliat iutre[)id hero. Gen. William F. Bartlet, who 
left his studies at Harvard College in April, 1861, to join iu suppressing 
the Rebellion ; he was the youngest General in our army, — twenty-:wo 
years of age, — to which position he was appointed for his gallantry. The 
details of his valor are fresh in the minds of the whole people, north and 
south, and his generous fraternal feeling towot'ds the foe who tried his 
mettle, has been one of the many noble examples of the brave soldiers who 
have found the enemy wortliy of their steel. 

When Richard" made his will he committed his soul, body and spirit 
"into the everlasting arms of God. all sutncient, my Heavenly Father," and 
had '" hope of a haj>py and glorious resurrection in the great day of the 
Man Christ Jesus."' There was no cant in these expressions ; their idea 
of religion has been expressed by a west-of-Englaud poet, 

as designed 

To wai-m and clieer the human mind 

And make men happy, irood and wise, 
To point where sits in love arrayed 

Attendant to each suppliant call, 
The God of universal aid — 

The Gud, the lather of us all. 

The family was remarkable for its united fraternal feeling, embraciDg 
their marriage connections with the cordiality of consanguinity. They L-eld 
together in the troubles of the first church on the broad ground of e pal 
brotherhood in heart and voice. After a second church had been fori:L:ed 
in the vicinity of their homes, which a larger neighborhood threateue'i to 
draw away, they oifered to maintain the church in their own vicinity, and 
bear their portion of expense of the distant church until dismissed;* bu: a 
mob came from the larger neighborhood and ruthlessly tore down and carried 
away the meeting-house near the Bartlet homes. This aroused their r:_'ht- 
eous indignation, and resulted in their felling trees and hauling them tov/L.rds 
the desecrated site of their worsliip, and expressing their determinatiijri to 
erect a new church in a fortnight. This the people and the Court tried to 
prevent, but were unsuccessfnl. except iu delays. Finally, after it was 
completed, the only way in v.hich it was found possible to use it, was to 
announce that they considered the Church of England, with whose services 
they were familiar, as orthodox, and had appealed to the Bishop of Lo:. Ion 
and to the governor of the colony (Dudley) for protection and encourac;e- 

* Eleven men of this fiimily si^rned the petition in February, 1709, against the reniovai cf 
the meeLing-housc to Pipe-stave Hi. i, viz.: Kichard, Sr., Jr., and Tertius; John, Sr.. Jr., 
ardTertius; Samuel, Sr. and Jr. ; Thoni:t;, Danielaiid N:tthaniol. Six used one itcriuir. ...ive 
used it. Variation in speliinir Sawyer o'jcurred iu tlie -aine paper; Samuel, lieiij iini;:. •'•>aii 
and Josiah wrote tlicir names Sawyer; Jonathan oniured tlie w. Of the men who '-cut 
and h.illed timber " lor the rlc^v church, Stephen bartlet wa.s ouc, not StC|>lien l>ro« :; ,.s 
printed in Coflin's Hi-rory of ^^ewl)ury. 'the name of ttie carpenter who a'^sisted, is wriren 
Iscliiidier Lunt, not ^'.ij>per- Lunr, as Cotrju lmvc it, wLieli was douhted by Sava.ge. H — is 
bis name recorded at L13 birch, 2'J Nov., IGJ'J ? It appears like a '■ bad speil " iutea J..-.; :'or 
Ichabod. 



.<] U'T I y^.Wi'JjVl 



200 JVeivhuri/ and the Bartlett Family. [April, 

meut. As their old cluircli building had been destroyed, they would no 
longer consent to pay towards the expenses of '• the dissenters." The 
governor promptly replied, fiivoring the views of the petitioners; and the 
Bishop was happy to pray, " God prosper your pious endeavors." This was 
early in 1712. 

The influence of Parker in favor of home services and music was carried 
by his pupils to their homes. Judge Sewall had the Psalms read in his 
family in regular course ; at home and in the meeting-house he liked to 
lead the singing, but frequently found that when he had intended to start 
with one tune, he had led off with another. The Bartletts had no trouble 
of this kind; fortunately this family possessed a violin, and after prayers 
and collect, the instrumental music was a correct guide for the voices, in 
time and tune, and without doubt they too went through the Psalms in 
order, following the music in their family Prayer-book. SamueP Bartlett, 
the son of Richard.^ was widely known as a tine tiddler in his time. These 
Wilt.-hire men had high ho[)es"of the restoration of the Stuarts, and many 
of the first settlers, like Parker, lived long enough to see it, and to he dis- 
gusted with Charles II. The Prayer-book of the Bartletts contained a 
prayer for Queen Anne of Denmark, wife of James I. (the first of the 
Stuarts) ; when her great-granddaughter Queen Anne, wife of George of 
Denmark, was upon the throne, this first Episcopal Church at Newoury 
was named in her honor — Queen Anne's Chapel. Rev. Matthias Plant. 
its third Rector, married the youngest daughter of SamueF Bartlett, and 
he had the pleasure of recording among his memoranda of natural phe- 
nomena in the church records, under date of October 9, 1727, in his full 
description of the earthquake. " The very first shock opened a new spring 
by my father Samuel Ixirtlet's house in the meadow." 

Uiider the auspices of this Chapel, St. Paul's Church of Newburyport 
was developed, — a motuiment to the power of the use of a Book of 
Common Prayer brought over by a first settler.* 

Will of Ricuakd Bartlett, Senior. 

In the Name of God and by His Assistance, I Richard Bartlet Sen^ of 
Newbury in the County of Essex in the Province of the Massachusetts 
Bav in New England do humbly comitt my soule .body & spiritt both in 
life" & death into the everlasting arms of God all sufhcient my Heavenly 
Father & unto Jesus Christ my allone Saviour <k Blessed Redeemer thru 
the power & presents of His eternal Spirit my body to ye earth whence 
its (irigiuall was taken in hope of a hap;)y & glorious resurrection in ye 
great day of the Man Christ Jesus to Him be Glory both now and ever, 
Amen: 

And for such good things of this world as it hath pleased God to co- 
mitt to my stuard ship I as much as in me is do dispose as is hereafter 
expressed. 

Imprimis I give to my son Samuel Bartlet one third p' of my lott of 
upland &; meadow in xVlmsbuiy called the Pond Lott by the plaine. Also 
one third part of my Sawmill Lott in Almslmry. Also, one third part of 
that lott of upland w'^^ I bought of James George in the towneship ut Alms- 
bury w"" all the priviledges to the said parcells of land belonging to be 

* ^Villiam Littic, president of the Xc.vljnrv Hi-foricit! Sncicts-, kindly aidoil tli? -.vrircr 
by e\;uiiiiiiii^ Ncwijury records from its tettlciutnt iu IG-jJ to 1700, for dutaiU r.-'^idiHij 
this faujilv. i. c. J. B. 



y.A- i'A 



1886.] j^ewbury,and the Bartlett Family. 201 

the lawful inheritance of my said sou Samuel Bartlet his heirs and assignes 
forever. As also all the lands & meadow v;"^ I have formerly given to my 
sai<l son as by deeds maye appear. As also one third p' of a freehold or 
priviledge in the comons or undivided lands in the towne of Newbury ori- 
genaly belonging to my honored J ather Richard Bartlet late of J\eu-b>/ri/, 
deceased \y^ all the priviledges that may or shall arise thereby in time to 
come. 

[The same item repeated to sons Richard and John — the words in Ital- 
ics not having been written in the item to son Samuel.] 

Item I give to my granddaughter Tirza Bartlet the daughter of my soa 
Thomas Bartlet (late of Xewbury deceased) three acres of upland adjoin- 
ing to his house. &c. — but if she die, &c. then to my three daughters Abi- 
gail, Hannah & Rebecca Bartlet. 

Item, to my three dauiihters (above named) I give my dwelling house 
and barn and orchard and land adjoining about 12 acres; also one freehold 
in the comons of Newbury, purchysed of Mr. Henry Sewall of Newbury, 
&c. — also several lots of land, specified. 

Ite My will is & I do hereby appoint my three daughters, namely, Ab- 
igael Bartlet, Hanah Bartlet & Rebecca Bartlet to be the executors of this 
mye last will & testament, giving and bequeathing to them besids what I 
have formerly given them, all the rest of my estate not mentioned in this 
my will, whither debts dew to me bye bill bond booke or other wise or what 
ever may heer after aj^peer to be mine my debts «S: ftmerall charges being 
by them discharged. 

Lastly I do apoynt Tristram Coffin Esq'' & my cosen* John Bartlet 
and my three sons aforenamed as overseers to advise my execuf in the 
management of the trust committed to them in this my last will & testa- 
ment. Heerbv renouncing all former wills of mine. 

Dated 19 A'pril, 1605. Proved July 18, 1G98. 

"Wiltshire Bartlets. 

From Visitation of Wiltshire, 1623. By G. W. Marshall, LL.D. 
John Bartkt of Cherton,= Agnes, dau. of John Benger, 
CO. Wilts. I of Alton, CO. Wilts. 



Eobert Dartl6t= Anne, dau. of Rich. John Bartlet = Alice, dan. of John Earburie 



ohn 



living lOi;?. I Lavington, of Wiliford, (-Jd son) 

I CO. Wilts. of Connock in 

I p'ochia de 

I I I I I I I I Cherington. 



of Alford, CO. Wilts. 



1. Rich, .-onne, hey., at. 20, 1CC:.3. I.Anne. J^ ... ^ ^ „ 

2. Rolit. 2 Jane john, son and heir, aetat. 9 moaa. 
.3. WiU'm. 3." Har-'aret. 2- ^}^'^^' ^st. 10. 
•J. John. 4. Cicilie. • -liary, St. 8. 

John Bartlet, of Alcanings=Jane, dau. of Rich. Lavington 
I of Welsford (Wilsford) 



I 
Will'm Bartlet, fil et haer = Ellz'h, daa. of Anthon, Goddard, of Cleeve-Pip. 

Anthony Bartlet^ Jane, dau. of Dan'l WTiite of Knighton. William. John. 



I I I 

Will'm, fil et haur, sti. 7. Elizabeth, jet. 3. Jane, jet. 1. 

Cherington (called Chcrton) is about four miles south-ea=t of Devises; All-Canning-? Is 
the .same di.-tance, a little nonh of ea?t. These towns contained the lamled property of the 
wealthier families of the Bartlets. Alton is about three miles ca^t from AU-Caaninss, while 

* Indicating a brother's child. 



.o 



shL. 



'jt£fl e .»-jt4«,-. i 



.-,ii-«- 



202 I^eichury ayid the Bartlett Family . [April, 

Wiljford is two miles cast of Cherington. ClyfTo-Pypiiril (called Clceve-Fip) is nine miles 
as the liiid flics north of All-C;iniiinL:s. This are.i coiuainod the homes of the yoiiii^or sons 
of tiic?c families. The name of the heir only is given in the second peiiiirree — Willi ,;n may 
have had a brother Rich.ird (anrec'irdod here), !iani-\l f.)r his grandfather Rich:\rd Lwiiig- 
ton. Anthony Goddard h.td a nephew Thomas; was this the Thomas Goddard who came 
in the James and prol]al)l\- returned to Enuland ? 

The Catalo::ue of Cambridv'c graduates (Eng.). fiom 1760 to 1866, contains the names of 
thirteen Bartletts, and one Barttelot, viz., George .Smyclie Barttelot, A.D. 1775 — 177S A.M. ; 
the Barttelot pedigree states that he died unmarried. October, 1773! 

From Oxford, bt^tween 1(173 and lSS-2, twenty Bartletts graduated. (No Barttclots.) 
The name of Bartlett is common in Wiltshire, Devooiliire, Somersetshire, &c. 

Note. 

It has been claimed, -within the last quarter of a century, that Richard and John 
Bartlett of Newbury, and Thomas Bartlett of Warcrtown, were three brotiiers, — 
sons of Edmund Barttelot of Ernley, who died in 1591, who was a son of Richard 
Barttelot of Stophum ; and that they "sold back'' their portion of the land in 
1634 to make a (air start in New England. This fabrication has been built r.n on 
the mere resemblance of name, and is disproved by every known fact. John of 
Newbury was the son of Richard of Newbury ; while Thomas of Watertown. who 
was born in 1594, was a poor servant in the eiiirloy of Pelham in IGol, and sold 
his master's tools to raise money enough to bridge over some of his expenses ; and 
not one of them ever signed his na'me as Barttelot, altliough the home chapel of the 
latter family is full of memorials of family pride, with its surname distinct and un- 
variable from A.D. 14-2S until the most recent times. 

The surnames Batt, Bartlett and Barttelott, are all mere pet diminutives of the 
baptismal name oi Bartholomew ; the two latter merely indicating little-Bart, and 
shows that the family names, like those of John-son, Jack-son and AYiliiamson, 
came out of the personal name of a landless father. 

"W. S. Smith, a distini^uished English writer on heraldry, saj^s " it is the ambi- 
tion of every family in England, which seeks to di>play genealogical and heraldic 
honors, to claim descent from some ' 2sorman knight ' who came over with the 
Conqueror." 

The Barttelot family may be classed anions them. They claim descent from 
Adam' Bartelot, who is stated on the lamily pediirree to have come over wit'i Wil- 
liam the Conqueror, and to liave died in A.I). 1100. From him in direct descent 
are given William,- John,^ Robert,'' Thomas,* John,* who married Joan de Stup- 
ham. and died A.D. 1408. Sis generations, covering 328 years, or nearly 55 years 
to a generation. 

If the pedigree is examined from A.D. 1423 towards our time, which cjvers a 
period with corroborative reord, 11 generations average less than 25 years each. 

It is almost needless to say that ever> thinu' iriven ot a previous date to John-^ was 
fabulous. The indenture by which he acquired po-session of the Stopham lands is 
dated 7th year of Riciiard If. (.\.D. 1334;, and his lather may have been a man 
without a surname — simply known as Bartholomew. 

I have not known an instance where a New Englander of intelligence, descended 
from our early settlers tlirouirh lines of increasing wealtli or reputation, had not 
been handsomely received and entertained by the present representatives of the 
" County Eamily " from whicii he supposed that hi.s New England progenitor was 
derived. 

Many members of the Bartlett family have vi-ited Stopham, and while appreciat- 
ing the courtesy of the host, listened to stories of ciiivalrous knights, and ques:i jned 
about the broad acres of the family. Prof. b. C. Bartlett, of Chicago, wrote after 
visiting Stopham in 1874, that " an accurate pedigree of thelinehas been kerrt from 
1069 duwnto Ada Mary, the youngest daughter of Col. Waiter B(artteiot), who cel- 
ebrated her 12th birthday in August, 1874," and Col. Bartlett himself wr')re that 
" the records in the church are complete from Jufm Barttelot, who was b-.jrn early 
in 1300 I down to the present day." I have before mentioned that this John Bar- 
tellot acquired the estate in 1344 and died in 112^. In the same letter Prof. Bart- 
lett wrute that " the estate is a large one, .some 7000 or 8000 acres," but the gov- 
ernment record gives it as 3033 acres, with a gi".j-s income of £4793. 

It is necessary in writing of genealogical matters to show the diversity of printed 
statements, .so ttiat tiie pre.>ent reader, after hearing both sides of tiie story, may 
judge of its truth. 



1886.] 



ITeicbury and the Bartlett Family. 



203 





The Bartlett Bible and its Record. 

We have before us tlic copy of the Breeches Bible, which was 
A exhibited at the Xewbury Quarter Millenary Cele- 

,1 bration, June 10, 1885"^ (Keg. xxxlx. 389). It 

belongs to Miss Elizabeth G. Hoyt, of Chelsea, 
Mass. It is a black-letter Bible, quarto post, very 
much trimmed down. Prefixed to the Bible, which 
includes the Apocrypha, is the Book of Common 
Prayer, and aj)pLnded are a Concordance, with 
l^ , Sternhold and Hopkins's version of the Psalms. The 

latter has printed notes for sin^dng- the tunes. The 
title-page and several pages of the Prayer Book 
are wanting, and this is also the case witii the Old 
^^ Testament. A portion of tlie title-page of the Xew 

ry^ Testament is gone, including the date. The title- 

^ pages of the Concordance and the Psalms are pre- 

Y^^ served, the first doted IGU and the latter IGIO. 

A^ Some pages at the end of the Psalms are wanting. 

^]^\\ The title of Concordance states that it was " Collect- 

it \ ed by li. F. H.," and the preface is dated 1578, and 

t^ . signed " Robert F. Ilerrey." 

\/\ . '^ On the front margin of tlie page on which the 

\ Vo 4th Chapter of 1st Esdras is commenced, is the fol- 
I ' "^ lowing writing, of which a foc-simile is given in the 
^^ ^ margin : 

Richard Bartlett Bought this booke Anuo Domyni 1612. 

At the end of the Prayer Book is a blank page 
tVj /jrj on which is written in the same handwriting the 
C\ U ^ following record : 

I Richard Bartlett writ this for 
the age of my children 

Joane Bartlett borne in 

Jamiarey 2D. IGIO wensday 8- of the 



^ 







cloke at nv^ht 



r n John B:irt borne 

I- eaues , 

*• -' J noveiuber 

^ in the day 



the . 9 . of 
1G13 . a. 11. of the clok 



Thomas Bart borne Januarey . 22 
1G15 

Rich Bart was borne October 
day 

the 31 . 1021 wens ^ mor 3 clok 

Cris B the . 2-j . of febru' 
being y' yeare S. mathias 1023 
betwen . 12 . & . 1 . iu tlie morn 



;i r.;(; J. 



-.i^v .n,i. 



iK , 1 . /i . - t 



204 Early American Engravers. [April, 

[All above this is writtcu in one shade of ink and apparently at tho sam" 
time, except the marginal entry and the interlined word day, which are in 
the same ink as the following entry :] 

Anne Bart was borne the . 26. of 
februarye being sonday about . 12 . 
of the clocke in the day in the 

yeare lG2o Editor. 

X 

(0= Miss Hovt pives this historv of tlie Bible : " This Bible came to my f.ither'> mother, 
who -was Sally 'Keimiion, the daiigliter of Dolly Bartlctt and Mojcj( ?) Kcnni-jn. Dolly 
Bartlett, my "great-grandmotlier, Vas the sifter of Jo.-eph Bartlett who lived, in my fa- 
ther's boyhood, at Bartlett's Corner, about half way lietwcen Amcsbury Ferry and 'The 
Mills.' Joseph lived exactly on the corner, and Dolly, my father's grandnio:;;cr, lived 
three houses beyond. They were descended from the'Bartletts who settled or'-'inally, in 
163'5, at BartlctVs Cove, near Chain Bridge. The ;BibIo was brought over by the ori- 
ginal settlers. Mv father, Mr. V.'illiam Hoyt, son of Aarcn H<\vt and Sally Kenr.i-on, was 
born in Amesbury, June 14, 1S03. He is now living at 16 Suti'olk Street, Chel;oa, Mass." 



BRIEF NOTICES OF THE EARLY AMERICAN 
ENGRAVERS. 

By Mr. Richard C. Lichte.nstein', of Boston. 

■R. LICHTP:XSTEIN, who has the largest collection of book- 
plates in New England, has furnished us with the follow- 
ing list of engravers who did work in that line for New Eng- 
land families. We shall give reproductions in future numbers, show- 
ing the style of the work of each, with lists of their productions. 
So little was known in relation to descent from definite English an- 
cestry of many of the owners of the plates, that the heraldic claims 
indicated by the engravings require proof of consanguinity before 
their ri'^ht to the use of the armorial bearings can be admitted. — Ed. 

A. Anderson, born 1775, died 1870. Engraved on copper before 1812, 
after that only on wood. Have seen no book plate engraved on wood. 

Callender's name first appears in Boston Directory for 1789, and from 
that time until 1805, and not after. 

Dawkins came over from England ; first settled in Philadelpliia ; en- 
oraved music in 17G1. Plate in American Magazine, 1767, etc. Was in 
New York about 1774. Anderson remembers seeing coats of arms done 
by him before 1775. 

T. M. Furnass, Ilurd's nephew, about 1775. 

S. Hill. Name appears in Boston Directory for 1803. Engraved por- 
trait of Dr. John Clarke, 171)9. 

N. Hurd, born 1729, died 1777. Earliest dated plate of his 1749 ; very 
rude. 

Benjamin Hurd, about 1750. 

Thomas Johnson, born 1706, died 1767. Engraved music, Boston, 1755. 

P. R. INIaverick, born 1755: in 1787 had a sliop iu New York. Diin- 
lap the painter was a pu[>il of his. 

P. Maverick, son of tlie above, born 1780, died 1831. Was superior 05 
an engraver to his father. 



188G.] Kotes and Queries. 205 

P. Revere, bora December 173 i O. S., January 1735 N. S. ; died 'Shxj, 
1818. All the book plates I have seeu have the evideuce of having beea 
done before the Kevolution. 

Turner. Engraved music, Boston, 174-1; portrait of Dr. Watts, 1746. 
Book plates evidently done about this period. 

Note.— In the Boston Evening Post for 1745, there appears an advertisement of 
Francis Garden, lately from London, who engraves book plates on copper. Have 
come across no signed w.,rk of this engraver in this country ; have several speci- 
mens of his London work. 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Notes. 

The Recorcs kkown as " Brsnops' Certificates."— The Public Records of Eng- 
land cover so much ground and extend through .so long a series of years, that there 
are few Englislimen who have ever been, or are likely ever to become, the subject of 
historical or hiocrraphical research, about whom sometliing may not be gleaned from 
them. It was a' wise and judicious course, amply justitying the great outlay, to 
brins; together into one building, from their scattered repositories, a collectiua of 
records which no other country in the world possesses in nearly so ample a measure. 
All honor to the late Lord Romilly, whose bust so titcingly finds place in the Lite- 
rary Search Room of the jreat national building in Fetter Lane, which his wisdom 
and forethought not onlv'^called into existence, but made to promote, m so strik- 
ing a manner, the interests of historical truth. In having recourse to its treasures, 
the only ditEculty is to know just where to look, what class of documents to con- 
sult, a point on which it is of course necessary to be definite and precise, and this 
diflSculty is due to the extent, variety and multifarious character of the stores which it 
contains. Books are accessible in it which throw light upon its innumerable con- 
tents, but the time which persons can spend within its precincts is too precious to be 
consumed in details which might be mastered at home. 1 therefore counsel those 
who contemplate availin:r themselves, either personally or by an intermediary, of 
the facilities which the Record Office atfords, to prepare themselves by sr.me ade- 
quate knowledge of its contents. I am usually able to visit the office myself, and 
thus have no need to employ those professional agents, most of them^ respectable, 
intelligent and competent, who make a business ot Record work. Speaking tor 
myself, I have often been astonished how new eources of information seem io open 
up when fresh subjects engage the attention. 

I desire now to notice the documents known as " Bishops' Certificates.' which 
give particulars of the Institutions to ecclesiastical dignities and parochial cures, a 
subject of verv general interest which comes before almost all writers of biography. 

Until the new order of things with respect to the PuMic Records came intoeifect, 
the only practicable way of obtaining information of this nature was by application 
at the Registry of the jurisdiction within which the benefice was situate, a step 
which might be, and often was, attended with c msiJerablo expense. The officials, 
with gradually increasinir exceptions, naturally required payment of the fees to which 
they were rightfully enti'tled, making no distinction between inquirers for literary 
purposes and professional inquirers fur purposes of legal business. This afforded no 
ground of complaint, for the Registrars could not be expected to place tiieir time 
and the time of their clerks at the service of strangers gratuitously.^ Now this is 
changed, so far at least as respects a period commencicg in the reign of Henry \ 111., 
and particulars which could heretofore !>e obtained only from episcopal officials scat- 
tered throughout the country, can now be readily procured in one metropolitan 
office. 

How it comes to pass that what has been done for that period cannot be extended 
to an earlier, may be explained in a word : the means do not exist. The govern- 
ment has no control over episcopal registers, and the documents which , having 
found their way from one of the courts of law to the Public Record Olhce. have 
made that possible which has been accomplished, only begin in Henry's reign, and 

VOL. XL. 19 



206 ITotes and Queries. [April, 

originate from an enactment -which ^\-a3 then made. Henry, who was po fftl of 
med iling with the Ciiurch for purp ises of his own pecuniary gain, took care th.u Fir'st 
Fruits, which bef"re his time had grme to the Pope, should thenceforth he p,-- j to 
the Sovereign. With a view to their being dul^- collected, the Archbishops" Bish- 
ops, and any other bodies (of whom there were some few) exercising episcn ai ju- 
risdiction, were required to send in half-yearly, to the Earons of the°£xc!io.iuer. a 
return of the names of all the persons whom they had collated, instituted or ad- 
mitted in the previous six months to any ecclesiastical preferment liable to t:;e pay- 
ment of First Fruits. The returns, which were regularly made, and have been well 
preserved, extend to all cathedral and collegiate diirnities, as well as to all reo: .ries 
and vicarages, with the exception only of benefices of a value so small as to have been 
discharged in the King's Books from the payment of First Fruits. They are enter- 
ed on parchment rolls, which are kept in bundle-, each bu ndle comprising a period 
of five years. The following will give an idea of the particulars recorded' 

" Octavo die mensis Februarii. anno supradicto, Reginaldus Courtenay, clericus. 
in artibusmagister, institutus est ad vicariam eoclesiaj parochialis de Leightou R^aul 
desert, in comitatu Bedfordiensi [ad pr.tsentationeni Decani et Canonico'rum Li^^rte 
Capellce Regis infra Castellum suum de Windsor] per mortem [Joannis Buckerii-Te 
clerici], ultimi incumbentis ibidem, tune vacantem." *" ""^ ' 

But so complete a form, not K»eing necessary for the purposes of the return, did 
not commonly obtain, and tlic usual entry does not comprise the details w-.i* h I 
have placed within brackets. In-cicution, as I need scarcely say, is a function soe- 
ciallv appertaining to the episcupal order, but in some instances other bodies have 
acquired the right to institute, or to admit to benefices. Thus, the Dean and C;.ar»ter 
of ^jt. Paul's, as to various parishes in Essex, and as to some in the city of LT.l:in, 
exercise episcopal or quasi-episcopal rights, and tlie returns of such bodies are in- 
cluded under the general head of Bishops' C'ertiticates. Sometimes, as in the ease 
of the numerous dignities in St. Paul's Cathedral, all uf which were in the gif: .f The 
Bishop of Ixjndon. we get a two-fold return, because the practice was for the Bishop 
to '' collate " his nominee, and fur the Dean and Chapter to '• admit " him. Dur- 
ing the vacancy of a see,— and Queen Elizabeth kept tiie see of Ely vacant for n:anv 
ye-ars.— the Archbishop gave institution, so that when what is required is no: i'?and 
in its natural place, the Arclibish'>p's certific-ates should always be searched. C.\re 
should be taken to ascertain to what jurisdiction in matters ecclesiastical the I ene- 
lice was subject. In the City, for example, where the parishes are very numerous 
and very small, so small that the site of the Bank of England occupies the entire 
parish of St. Christopher le-Stocks, church included, gre;\t diversity prevaiiej in 
this respect. In the olden time a man liked to see the parish in which he was 
born, or his college, become a peculiar, exempt from the ordinary ecclesiastical au- 
thority of the district, and acknowledging that of some dignitary of his own chorsinn-. 
Curious examples might be mentioned, but I will content myself with specifvinc^ 
one. Cambridge is. lucally, within thedioceseof Ely, but King's' College, with i\sV're^ 
cincts. which once comprised some few houses, is part of the diocese of Lincoln, whilst 
the Provost, as the head of the college is termed, formerly liad the right of gr-andno- 
probate of the wills of all persons dying within the colleire or its precincts." Witti^ 
in his jurisdiction he was paramount, both in civil matters and in matter- toole- 
siastical, subject only to the Visitor appointed by the Royal Founder. So vri:h're- 
spect to the small London parishes, one might be in the peculiar jurisdiction ■. f the 
Archbishop of Canterbury, its neighbor in that of the Dean and Chapter of St. 
Paul's, and another adjoining parish might be subject to the Bishop of Rochester" 
all three being entirely independent of any authority of the local ordinary, the Bish- 
op of London. Newcourt's Repertonum, in two volumes, is the most compkre au- 
thority upon all ecclesiastical matters relating to the old diocese of London, wiiich 
comprised the counties of Mid(lle=ex and E.-sex, with some parishes in aji inin^' 
counties. _ And here I may^congratulate this Society upon the thoughtful ac:i;n ol 
the librarian in purchasing a copy of this work, which he was able to secure at a 
price not exceeding, I imagine, one fourth of that at which any former c- v bad 
been s^jld. Newcourt was Registrar of the diocese of London, and derived iiis ma- 
terials from the records in his otlicial custody, so that he is silent with re-:-«-t to 
those parishes which, thouirh locally within the diocese, were not subject "to the 
diocesan. In such cases as the«e. the series of Bishops'-Certificates ia most useful 
and by its aid I have myself supplie<l various omissions in Newcourt. 

_ There is another mode in which the approximate date of In.=titution may h-; ar- 
rived at, when the actual date cannot be ascertained. An incumbent was"ali:,wed 
time for payment of the composition for First Fruits, which was secured by hts tond, 



1886.] JS^otes and Queries. 207 

with sureties. I forget at this moment whether the bonds themselves are preserved 
in the Public Record OfBce, or whether the particuhirs only of them are to be seen 
there. The date uf the bond i.-- a clew to the date of Institution, and maj- serve in 
its place, whiI)^t the names of the sureties are often a i^uide to furtlier researches re- 
specting the incumbent. In my own investigation;- 1 have frequently been able to rest 
content with an examination of the Index to tlie Composition Records. This m ist 
useful compilation is arranged eittier in dioceses or in counties (my memory docs 
not enable me to say which), and tlie Compositions, with date of each, are arranged 
in chronological order, so that it is easy to sinirle out and collect the .succession of 
the incumbents of any particular benetice. It was probably an aid in the transac- 
tion of his duties which was prepared by some former official of the First Fruits 
office, and was afterwards purchased by the nation, B. 



John Harvard and Cambridge Uxiversity. — In the article with this heading in 
the January number, after "John Harvard Midlsex : Decern. 19, 0.10.0," the fol- 
lowing lines were accidentally omitted : 

" On the same page, in a list of names is this : 

' Ilawered 0. 10. 0.' " 
It is to this list in which the name " Hawered" occurs that the next paragraph refers: 

*' The list has been conjectured to be a summary of previous more detailed en- 
tries, but I find no sufficient evidence to support this conjecture." 

1 find that I was wrong in supposing that the entry " Midlsex" against Har- 
vard's name in the '■'■ R^x^;p!a" indicates the residence of his mother. The follow- 
ing article in the New York Nation, February 18, ISSG, .states the matter correctly. 

John Harvard: A Difficulty Solved.— To the Editor of the Nation: Sir: It 
appears to be clear that John Harvard was born in Surrey, at Southwark, and it is 
certain that when he went up to Cambridge in 1627 he was described at Emmanuel 
College as of Middlesex. This is the matter upon which I propose to offer some 
observations, with the view of removing an a[ijjarer.t discrepancy, for which some 
would account by the statement that in IB-J? he was probably living in London with 
his mother and her husband. How far this is satisfactory will appear from what 
follows. 

The first point of inquiry is in what manner in Harvard's time the questions ad- 
dressed to a young man on entering collefre were put, and I think we are not with- 
out a guide which will lead us in a certain direction. When St. John's College 
published the first part of its Admission Reirister, which begins in 1629-30, it was 
an object of interest with me to identify, for my own information, some of the places 
which appear in it in a fjrm truly grotesque. For reasons into which I need not here 
enter, I was led to rely mainly upon sound, and. having thus succeeded in overcoming 
difficulties which appeared almost insuperable, I arrived, upon independent grounds, 
at the same conclusion as the editor of the Rcirister [of St. John's Colleire], namely, 
that the entries were made from statements taken down from tlie lips of the persons 
admitted ; and there was no doubt uniformity of practice among the different colleges 
of the University. 

The next point is, What was the nature of the questions? and this renders it neces- 
sary to speak of the object wfjich they had in view. That object was not, as the man 
of to-day might suppose, the mere collection of useful statistics, but was to indicate 
for what scholarships and other advantages, restricted to those b -rn in a certain 
district, the person admitted was eligible. It is ignorance of this leadinir fact which 
has led into error those who hitherto have accempted to explain the matt..r. The 
place at which the person was residing wfien he went up to the University, was 
foreign to the scope of inquiry ; the place of birth fjeing aUme material. 

The chief question, then, which was put to Jolin Harvard at Emmanuel College 
was, where he was born, and the entry of Middlesex leaves no doubt that his reply 
was "in London." It is stated that the precise locality of his birth was the High 
Street of Suuthwark, and the statement derives corroboration from that which pro- 
ceeded from his own lips. The High Street of Southwark, which extended south- 
ward from L')ndon Bridge to tfie spot where st'iod St. .MarzTret's Hall, farmed part 
of the City of London, being included in the City Ward of Bridge W ilhout, so that 
a person born in that street properly described hiraseif as bjrn in Loudon. z. 

Camhridrje, England, Feb. 12, 1666, 



208 Notes and Quei^ies. [April, 

Proclamation, 1B14. — Tlie Register bas been furnished by N. J. Ilerriuk, Esq., 
with the following intcrestinjj document from the original in the possesijion of Mrs. 
Charles A. Milliken, of xMalden, Ma~s. 

A Proclamation. 

Whereas. Sir John Shcrbroke did by proclamation capture all that part of the 
District of Maine lying betwixt the Penohsot & St. Croix Rivers for and in behalf 
of Ilis Majesty the King of Great Britain, 1 do by all the power in me vested declare 
it recaptured exoeptin^c Castine i Eastport for and in behalf of the United States 
of America, and the subjects thereof having again become citizens are hereby or- 
dered to conduct themselves accordingly. 

And whereas, it has been customary for British officers to declare large extent of 
sea coasts in a state of blockade without a sufficient force to enforce such blockade ; 
I do by my power as aforesaid declare all the Ports, Harbors, Rivers, Bays, and 
Inlets from the River Penobscot to the River St. Croix that remain in actual Pos- 
session of the En'y in a state of vigorous blockade, having under my command a 
sufficient force to enforce the same, and the officers under my command are hereby 
ordered to govern themselves accordingly. 

Done on Doard the Schooner Faun in Machias River this 17th day of November 
1814 and nailed to the Flagstaff of the Fort at Machias. 

Alexander Milliken, 
Commander of the private armed Schooner Faun. 



Facts gathered from the Tovtn Records of Norwich, Ct., by Frank Palmer. — 

Mr. Issac Lawrence Sen. d. 19 Apr. 1731, aged 73 years. His wife, Abigail, d. 
13 Sept. 1726, in the 64th year of her age. 

Isaac Lawrence (son of the above) mar. Susaonah Read 15 Apr. 1708. Their 
children were 

Samuel, b. 27 May 1710: 

Hannah, b. 18 Mar. 1711-12: 

Deborah, b. 6 May 1714 : and their eon Jonathan, who d. 20 ^lay 1733. 

Isaac mar. 2d, Oct. 9, 1755, Mary Jackson, he being then styled " Deacon." 

The children of Samuel Lawrence* (above) by his wife Mary were 

Josiab, b. 18 Aug. 1734: 

Jonathan, b. 15 Apr. 1736: 

Samuel, b. 5 Jan'y 1738-9: 

Mary, b. 8 Apr. 1741: 
_ Hannah, b. 23 July 1743: 

John, b. 19 Feb. lt45-6. 

Deborah, b. 23 Jan'y 1747-8: 

Anne, b. 21 Dec. 1754: 

Susannah, b. 8 Feb. 1757. 

Hannah Lawrence (dau. of Isaac Jr. above) mar. 28 Feb. 1740 David Palmer 
(son of Thomas), and had by him 
Diah, b. 31 Jany 1740-1: 
John Davis, b. I Apr. 1743: 
Hannah, b. 15 Apr. 1744. 
Deborah, b. 12 Jan'y 1745-46 (who mar. Darius Webb ; see Giles Memorial, p. 

522) : 
David, b. 3 Aug. 1747: 
Lydia, b. 14 July, 1749: 
Susannah, b. 11 Mar. 1752. 

Josiah Lawrence (son of Samuel above) mar. 18 Mar. 1761 Mary Branch, and 
had 

Mary, b. 19 Dec. 1761: 

Josiah, b. 29 Nov. 1763: 

Lucy, b. 23 Apr. 1765. 
Jonathan Lawrence (above) mar. Zeruiah Orsmby 29 Aug. 1759, and had 

Reuben, b. 23 June 1760: 

Lydia, b. 15 Jan'y 1762: 

Joanna, b. 31 May 1765. 

• Samael Lawrence's inventory was taken 25 July, 1759. 



.t{ ,1f>!1 



111!. 



!r.' I ii; .C'JTI it./. .. . n , .ititiViS, 



.C{.7I ,t! ' ' ■■-■« x'"'"""''i *" 



1886.] JSTotes and Queries. 209 

Samuel Lawrence (son of Samuel above) mar. 27 Nov. 1766 Thankful! Cady and 
had 

Solomon, b. 14 Sept. 1767. 

Hannah LaAvrcnce (dau. of Samuel above) mar. 12 Sept. 1765 Samuel Palmer (son 
of Samuel, and gr"d-5i)n of Thomas), and bad 

Desire, b. 3 June 1766: 

Molly, b. 2 Apr. 1709. 

Note. — Mr. Isaac Lawrence, Sen., was the son of Jolm Lawrence, originally of 
Watertown, but afterwards of Groton, Mass. lie " Publickly owned ye Covenant 
of Grace " at the First Church of Norwich, Conn., in 1700; and was " Received 
into Full Communion " in 1702. He was, as was his sun Isaac Lawrence, Jr., one 
of the seven members — " the seven pillars on which the church rested " — forming 
10 Dec. 1723, the Newent or Third Ecclesiastical Society of Norwich, Conn. The 
Rev. Daniel Kirtland (tlie father of the Rev. Samuel Kirtland, the famous mission- 
ary to the Oneida Indians, and the grandfather of John Thornton Kirkland, presi- 
dent of Harvard College, 1810-1828) Vas another of the seven and their first pastor. 

Our town records spell the name " Lawrance," though in every case it is spelled 
" Lawrence " by the family and in the church records. The earliest town records 
exist only in a copy. 



Guilford Genealogies.— Alvan Talcott. M.D., of Guilford, Conn., will furnish 
in MS. for a moderate considtTatiun, extended genealoirical notes of the descendants 
of any of the early fathers of Guilford. The rc(X>rds will be arranged in faruiiies in a 
regular order, giving dates of birth, marriaire and death, and briniring the line down 
to the present time, "covering ab)ut two hundred and fifty years. The families hear- 
ing the following names hav" their records nearly completed: Bartlett, Benton, 
Bishop, Blatchly, Bradley, Bristol, Biirges, Chittenden," Coan, Collins. Cramnton, 
Cruttenden, Dowd, Dudley, Evarts, Field. Fowler. Graves, Griswold, Hall, Hand, 
Hart, Hill, Hotchkiss, Hubbard. Johnson, Kimberly, Landon, Lee. Leete, Meigs,' 
Munger, Mnrray, Norton, Pirmelce. Pierson. Robinson, Rossiter, Ruggles, Russell, 
Scranton, Seward, Shelley, Starr, Stowe, Weld, Willard. 

Extensive notes can also be given of the following : Baldwin, Coe, Conklin, 
Davis, Foster, French, Hopt.m. Hoyt, Jones, Kirkham, Soper, Spencer, Stevens', 
Talman, Yaill, Walkley, Ward, Wilcox. 



Scotch Record ExAUiyATiONs. — The Government ha.s made provision for exam- 
inations which are purely antiquarian or genealogical, without office fees, it beinf 
distinctly understood that such examinations have no lejal bearing. ° 

In order to obtain permission, the person for whom the work fs to be done must 
apply hy letter to Thomas Dickson. Esq., Curator of tfie Historical Department of 
H. M. General Register House at Edinburgh. 

As the Government must be well sati.-fied as regards the antiquarian or genea- 
logical character of the work, it would be well to state, in asking permission, that 
the examinations will be conducted by some one well known at Edinburgh.' No 
better name could be suggested than the Rev. Walter MacLeod, for he is considered 
the man there for such work, his charges are reasonable, and he acts there for the 
leading libraries and antiquarian societies. A. D. "W. Frenxh. 



"Washixgto.v. &c. Extracts from the Parish Rrrjister of Hurst, co. Berks, commu- 
nicated by the Rev. Francis J. Poynlon, rector of Kehton. Somersetshire, England 

Marriages. 1567 Aug. 3, John Washington & Alice Nashe, Widow. 

Burials. 1600 Aug. 30 John Washington. 

Marr:^ 1601 April 21 Thomas Newbeire [sic, I consider for Newberie, r. j. p.] & 
Alice Washington. 

Marr: 1656 July 21 Mr Humphrey Newberry & Mrs. Katherine Hestar 
. Marr: 1616 Mr. John Deane & Mrs. Mary Blagrave. 
VOL. XL. 19* 



,Wi'.' 



i ! I I -Tt ,v. 



.,r:i.' ■> 



210 Notes and Queries. [April, 

Qtteries. 
Founders of Ipswich, Mass.— What are all the names of the persons who settled 

Felt gives the names of John Winthrop, Jr., William Clerk, Robert Coles, Tho- 
mas Howlett, John Bii^^irs, John Gage, Thomas Hardy, William Perkins, John 
Thorndike and \Villiam"Serjeant, and states there are three wanting to make up the 
list. A- »• ^- F- 

GuRTLET. — Can any one give me information concerning William Gurtley, " of 
Boston,-' Matross in Col. Lamb's N. Y. Reg't of Artillery, Continental army, dur- 
in"' revolution, and '* served through war" 1 F. E. Hurley. 

Ithaca, N. Y. 

Thomas Thacher, Jr., merchant, oldest son of Rev. Thomas Thacher of the Old 
South, married Mary, daughter of Major Thomas Savage. Are there any descend- 
ants of any child or children of this marriage surviving ? Peter, the minister of the 
New North Church, died without children. So also, so far as is known, did Thomas, 
a mariner, though twice married. John married Mary Mould, August 4, 1709. 
The Boston records show no children, nor the death of either husband or wife. If 
they removed from Boston, whither? The daughter Elizabeth died at the age of 
seven, as appears from the journal of her uncle. Rev. Peter, of Miltun. The only 
other 'child, Mary, appears to have married George Kilcup, .May 15, 1712. The 
birth of two children of this marriage is recorded, George and Samuel, but no fur- 
ther notice of this family is found in l:he Boston records. 

Information on the subject of this inquiry would be gratefully received. 

85 Milk Street, Boston. P- Thacher. 

^Clarke.— Who was Elizabeth, wife of William Clarke, of Ipswich, Mass., about 

I CCA 7 

John Winthrop, Jr., William Clarke and several others, were the founders of 
Ipswich, Mass., in 1639. Address G. Albert Lewis. 

183-1 be Lancey Place, Philadelphia, Pa. 



Atwell.— In Boltwood's "Hadley Families" appears the following: " Oliver 
Atwell married June 8, 17S1, Jerusha Smith." Said Oliver was born in 1755, and 
was a soldier of the Revolution. Can any one give hLs ancestry, parentage and 
birth-place? Was he a descendant of Benjamin Atwell mentioned in Savage"s Gen- 
ealogical Dictionary ? Geo. W. Atwell, Jr. 

Lima, N. Y. 

Sears.— Jacob Sears, of Lancaster, Mass., circa 1790, had sons Jacob, Jr., Arte- 
mas and David; perhaps other children , a t -n u .u ^ 

Any information relative'to him, his birth-place, parents and wife, will be thank- 
fully received by Samuel P. May. 

Newton, Mass. 

Druver. —Information is wanted of the previous or past history of Richard Dri- 
ver who married Nov. 16, 1758, Ann Wilson Robinson, who was born in 1740, and 
died in Boston, Nov. 11, 1779, as found on Trinity Church record, where the bap- 
tisms of their seven children are given. Their names were : Rosanna, m. James 
Holbrook; Mary, m. John Berry; Ann Wilson, m. Richard Motley: Richard; 
Richard Thomas; Victor John; Sarah. He married second. May 3, _ 1731, Mary 
Christopher, as found recorded in Trinity Church rec^irds, Boston. His will wa.s 
probated in Suffolk County, August U, 1792. Anything concerning the aforesaid 
will be gladly received by Matthew A. Sticknf.y. 

119 Boston Street, Salem, Mass. 

Thacher. In the London Guardian of Feb. 17, 1866, we find the following no- 
tices, which we insert as being of interest to many readers of the Reglstee : 

" One pound reward will be paid for the discovery of the record of the marriage 

of Peter Thacher and Anne , in 16U. probably in the County of S jmerset. 

Mr Thacher was Vicar of Milton Clevedon, Somerset, from 1G16 to 1622, and Rec- 
tor of St. Edmund's in Salisbury, from 1622 to 1640." 



lii-U 



1886.] Notes and Queries. 211 

" One pound reward will be paid for the discovery of the record of the birth of 
Thomas, son of Peter and Anne Thaehor, believed to be !May 1, 16-20, prob- 
ably in the County of Somerset. Address, in each case, Rev. F. \V . Weaver, Mil- 
ton Vicaran;c, Evercreech, Buth." 



Replies. 

Brush {ante, p. 106). — Observing in the Register for the current year, page 106, 
the inquiry of " Delta " regarding Crean Brush, and thinking that whatever I may 
contribute, if it do no good can do no harm, I will remark that 1 tind in Hall's 
Eastern Vermont, page 609, in a biographical notice of Crean Erusli. the following : 

" With the adjournment of the Asseaibly on t!ic 3d of April, ended Mr. Brush's 
career as a legislator." " During the summer which followed the commence- 
ment of hostilities in the colonies, Mr. Brush probably remained in the city of New 
York, working as best he might for the good of the King. In the fall he repaired 
to Boston." 

The address of the author referred to is B. II. Hall, Esq., Troy, N.Y. 

Bennington, Vt. G. W. Harman. 



Fire in Boston, 1775 {ante, p. 106). — " 1775, May 17. On the evening of this 
day, a store on the south side of tlie Town Dock, occupied as a barrack by British 
Troops, took fire by the bursting of some cartridges, imprudently handled liy the 
soldiers. About thirty warehouses and buildings were dcstroj"ed, with great part 
of the effects, contained in them, some of which were donations to the town, for re- 
relief of the inhabitant? suffering under the oppressive Port Bill." — Mass. Hist. 
Soc. Coll., 1st Series, 3, 271. 



Historical Intelligence. 

Col. Cdester's Oxford Matriculations and Marriage Licences, Edited by 
JosEPU Foster. — Mr. Foster, the well-known genealogist, author of the British 
Peerage and Baronetage, and other works, has recently purchased, at a cost exceed- 
ing £1000, the late Col. Chester's Oxford Matriculations Registers, 7 Vols., and 
Marriage Licences, 5 Vols., with the intention of printing these intrinsically price- 
less MSS. uniformly with the publications of the Harleian Society, for the advantage 
of his numerous genealogical friends in America, as a memorial of the great and 
good work he did for them in England. He makes this preference because, so I'ar 
as England is concerned, he would like to retain for himself the monopoly of these 
manuscripts, and because he believes the American people will appreciate the labirs 
of their own countryman far more fully than Englishmen would, as the proposed 
work will enable them to place printed copies of these distant and inaccessible Old 
"England registers on the shelves of their very own libraries ready for immediate 
reference. He therefore appeals to Americans to reciprocate his efforts, and hold 
him harmless from pecuniary loss, by subscribing for 230 copies of these works, 
which he desires to print only for them. 

It is obvious that a work on such a scale as this can only be produced at a great 
cost. Including the very heavy sum paid for Col. Chester's manuscripts, and the 
vast amount ot trained labor involved in transcribing them fur publication (the an- 
notation the editor proposes to do himself as a labor of love), tlie actual expense of 
bringing out the work is estimated as between two and three thousand pounds. It 
cannot be expected that so great an expen.se should be incurred till sufficient promises 
of support have been received to warrant the editor in putting it in hand without 
prospect of heavy loss. The Oxford Matriculati(jns will be issued in two volumes 
at a subscription price of ten guineas (not tico guineas as printed in the January 
Register). As an inducement for Col. Chester's friends and American genealogists 
to cooperate with the editor, the work will be offered at nine guineas to those who 
subscribe for two copies, and at eight guineas to tho.se who subscribe for three. 

The Marriage Licences will be issued in five large royal octavo volumes, at £2, 
12s. 6d. a volume. 

This enterprise is heartily commended by the editor of the Register to the pat- 
ronage of the American people. 

Mr. Foster's address is 21 Boundary Road, London, N. W., England. 



U'} -.:: ■..} 



212 Notes and Queries. [April, . 

Parish Register of Wilton, England.— The oldest register of the parish of 
Wilton, Somersetshire, entitled. " A IJoockc of Keirister whearin are conteyned the 
names of those W^ have beene Christintd, \Vcdded, and 15uried w'thin the P'lsh 
of Wilton fl'rom tlie veare of our b_>rde Gud 155S untill the yere ITU," has been 
transcribed by -Mr. lloughton Spencer, and will be published by subscription. The 
work will consist of HO pages, corresponding with the numl)er in the oriiiinal. The 
price will be 5s. post free° Any profit arising fron\ the publication will be devoted 
to the funds of the voluntarily supported Parish School of Wilton. Address Hough- 
ton Spencer, Corse, Taunton, England. 



Fletcher Family Union.— This association, instituted at Lowell, Aug 30. 1876, 
and consisting of descendants of Robert Fletcher of Concord, xMass., will hold Us 
fourth meeting at Lowell, Mass., August 25 and 26, lSb6. 



Leighton Genealogy.— This book, noticed in the January number, was published 
by subscription at .■^S instead of the price there named. It is an octavo of 127 pai^es, 
and copies can be furnished at the subscription price by the author, Mr. T. t. Jor- 
dan, Metuchen, N. J. , 

Town IIistoriks in Preparation.— Persons having facts or documents relating to 
any of "these towns are advised to send them at once to the person engaged in writ- 
ing the history of that town. 

Durham, N. //.—.At a town meeting in March last ,$900 was appropriated for 
publishing a history of the town. An additional sum is to be raised by subscrip- 
tion The work is placed in the hands ot a committee consi-tinu; of Lucien Thomp- 
son, W. S. Meserve, Joshua B. Smith, £. Jenkins and J. W. Coe. It is proposed 
that the price of the book shall be between three and five dollars a copy. 



Genealogies in Preparation.— Persons of the several names are advised to fur- 
nish the compilers of these geneahKnes with records of their own families and other 
information which they think may be useful. We would suggest that all factsof 
interest illustratin- family history or character be communicated, especially service 
under the U. S. government, the holdinir of other offices, graduation Iroin colleges 
or professional sdiools, occupation, with places and dates of births, marriages, resi- 
dence and death. When there are moru tlian one christian name they should all 
be given in full if possible. No initials should be used when the full names are 
known. 

Conant. By Frederick Odell Conant, A.M., 229 Commercial Street, Portland, 
Me.— Mr. Conant has spent much time and money in collecting materials for this 
work, and has now enough matter to fill a substantial (jctavo volume. The records 
include the Connet. Connett and Connit families. It will be emb.-lli-^lied with a 
view of All Saints Churcli, East Budleigh. England, where Roger Conant was bap- 
tized, and other engravings, such as portraits, autographs, etc. Circulars and 
blanks for o-enealo-ncal returns will be furni-hed on ap[jlication. A limited num- 
ber of copies will be printed. Price ,^5, with the right to advance the price after 
the subscriptitjn is closed. Correspondence in regard to family portraits and resi- 
dences IS solicited. 

Gile and Gm/e. By Charles Burleicrh, Portland. Me. 

Uinn, Omn, or Ghen. By Thomas Smyth, 3 Cordis St.. Charlestown, Mass.— 
Mr. Smyth has a large collection ot materials relating to tins family, which was early 
in Northumberland County, Va., and later of Dorchester and Caroline Counties, 
Maryland ; Barnstable County, Mass., and the eastern part of Maine. 

Goodrich.— Thu Goodrich Association, which has issued two parts of the " Good- 
rich Family Memorial,"' having obtained new and imijortant matter, have abandon- 
ed their design to issue a third part of this work, and announce that Parts L and 
U. will, if sufficient sub.scription be obtained, be enlarged and thoroughly revised, 
and with the matter intended for Part 111. published in one volume of not less than 
275 pag<.-s. Price to subscribers .C:2.50. Money already received for Part III. will 
be returned or applied towards the new work. Address 11. C. Goodrich, secretary 
and treasurer of the Association, 70 Ogden Place, Chicago, 111. 



1886.] Societies and their Proceedings, 213 

Hayicard and Howard. — By Marcus T. Janes, No. 8 Mathewson Street. Providence, 
R. I. — Mr. Janes i? preparin:: a gcnealoiry and brief historj- of the descendants of 
William Ilayward, of Swansea, ^iass., now generally bearin:; tiie name of Howard. 

Kidder. — Miss S. B. Kidder is collectin!^ materials for a full ccnealij^'V of the 
Kidders in the United States. All communications will be thankfully received from 
persons possessed of any facts concernin;]; them. The cooperation of those of the 
name is respectfuUj' requested. Addre>s Miss S. B. Kidi>er. 39 Court St., Boston. 

Kidder. By F. E. Kidder, Allstnn, Mas*-. — The work which will be put to press 
this sprint^ will bo a history of the family in £ni;land, and a crenealogical record of 
the descendants of James Kidder, of Billerica, Maas., through his son John, who 
married, in 168-i, Lydia Parker of Chelmsford. 

Leach. By Josiah Granville Leach, 733 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, Pa. — 
Havin» been engaged for more than a year past in gathering material for "a gene- 
alogy of the family descended from Lawrence liCach, one of the planters that came 
in the " fleet ". with Rev. Francis Iligginson, 1629. and settled at Salem. Mass., 
where be continued to live until his death, 1662. The compiler solicits correspon- 
dence with all who have information to give, or who desire information, with refer- 
ence to persons bearing the name of Leach, or that have intermarried with the 
family. 

L Hornmedien. — By Frederick L'llommedien, of Deep River, Conn. 

Philbrick. By Rev. Jacob Chapman, Exeter, N. H. — The book, which has be- 
fore been announced in tlie Register, will be put to press as soon as the author re- 
ceives orders for a sufficient number of volumes to pay for printing and binding the 
book. Price $2 a copy. 

Sears, Sare, Sayer, Sayre. By Samuel P. May, Newton, Mass. — Mr. May is 

?reparing a genealogical record of the descendants of Richard Sares, who settled in 
armouth, Mass., circ. 1610, and requests all possible information from any source 
in regard to the genealogy and history of this famil}'. Information is solicited as 
to other families of the same name, of which there are several in this country and 
Canada, and of those by name of Sayre, Sayer, etc., especially as to what is known 
of their English ancestry. Blanks for family record will be mailed on application. 

Smith. By H. Allen Smith, 13 Fulton Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. — This genealogy 
will be devoted to the descendants of Rev. Nehemiah Smith, who came to this coun- 
try in 1637, and died at Norwich, Ct., in 1686. It covers a period of ten genera- 
tions, and includes one generation after the change of name by marriage. It now 
numbers 400 families. Any information will be gratefully received. Something 
in a biographical way is desired, if convenient — education, occupation, professional 
or military life. Photographs from life or from portraits or profiles are desired ; 
also of plate, arms, furniture and other antiquities. Gravestone inscriptions and 
obituary notices will be of use. It is intended to publish the work at a price just 
Bufficient to cover the cost. Circulars will be furnished to those who apply. 



SOCIETIES AND THEIR PROCEEDIN'GS. 

New-England Historic Genealogical Society. 

Boston, Mass., January 6, 1886. — The annual meeting was held at the Society's 
House, 18 S<jmerset Street, this afternoon at three o'clock, the president, the lion. 
Marshall P. Wilder, in the chair. 

The recording secretary, David Green Haskins, Jr., read the record of the pro- 
ceedings at the December meeting. 

George K. Clarke, LL.B., in behalf of the nominating committee, reported a list 
of officers for the current year, and the persons nominated were unanimously 
elected. The officers for 1886 are : 

President.— Uon. Marshall P. Wilder, Ph.D., LL.D., of Boston. Massachusetts. 

Vice-Prfsidcnts. — Hon. Joseph Williamson, A.M., of Belfast, Maine; Hon. Jo- 
seph B. \Valker,^A.B., of Concord, New Hampshire; Hon. Horace Fairbanks, of 
St. Johr.sbury, Vermont ; Hun. George C. Richardson, of Boston, Massac hu.-etfs ; 
Hon. John R. Bartlett, A.M., of Providence, Rhode Island; Hon. Edwin H. Bug- 
bee, of Killingly, Connecticut. 



214 Societies and their Proceedings. [April, 

Honorary Vice-Presidents. — George William Curtis, LL.D., of West New Brigh- 
ton, N. Y. ; n.>n. RutherConl B. Hayes. LL.D., of Fremont, Ofiio ; Hon. John 
VVentworth, LL I)., uf Chicairo, 111.; H..n. William A. Richardson. LL.D., of 
Washington, D. C. ; Rev. Joseph F. Turtle, D.D., of Crawf.-rdsville. Ind. ; 
Lj-man C. DraptT, LL.D., of MaJis<jn, Wis. ; Rt. Rev. William S. Perry, 
D.D., LL.D., (jf Davenport, Iowa; Rev. William G. Eliot, D.D., of St. Louis. 
Mo.; Rt. Rev. William I. Kip, D.D., LL.D., of San Francisco, Cal. ; Rev. 
Charles Breck. D.D., of Wdlsboro', Pa.; Rev. Edward D. Neill, A.B., of St. 
Paul, -Minn. ; Hon. Ilovey K. Clarke, of Detroit, Mich. ; Charles C. Jones, LL.D., 
of Savannah, Ga. ; Rev. WillarJ F. Mallalicu, D.D., of New Orleans, La. 
- Correspondinri Sccreianj.—Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, A.M., of Boston, Mass. 

Recording StcreLary. — David Greene Uaskins, Jr., A.M., of Cambridge, Mass. 

Treasurer. — Benjamin Bar<tow Torrey, of Boston, Mass. 

Historiographer. — Rev. Increase N. Tarlwx, D.D., of Newton, Mass. 

Libranan. — John Ward Dean, A.M., of Boston, Mass. 

Directors. —n•J'^ Nathaniel Foster SaSbrd. A.B., Milton ; Hon. William Claflin, 
LL.D., Newton, Mass.; William G. Means, Boston; Charles L. Flint, A.M., 
Boston; Hon. John F. Andrew. A.M., Boston. 

Committee on Finance. — Hon. Alvah A. Barrage, Boston; Cyru.s Woodman, 
A.M., Cambridge; lion. Samuel C. Cobb, Boston; Hamilton A. Hill, A.M., 
Boston; J. Montgomery Scars, A.B., Boston; William ^Vilkins Warren, Esq., 
Boston. 

Committee on Publication. — John Ward Dean, A.M., Boston : Rev. Lucius 
R. Paige, D.D., Cambridge; Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, A.M., Boston; Jere- 
miah Colburu, A.M., Boston : William B. Trask, Boston ; Henry H. Edes. Bos- 
ton ; Henry E. Waite, West Newton ; Francis E. Blake, Boston. 

Committee on Memorials. — John Ward Dein, A.M., Boston; Albert H. Hoyt, 
A.M., Boston; Rev. Henry A. Ilazen, A.M., Auburndale ; J. Gardner White, 
A.M., Cambridge; William B. Trask, Boston ; Daniel T. V. Huntoon, Canton; 
Arthur M. Alger, LL B., Taunton. 

Committee on Heraldry. — Abner C. Goodell, Jr., A.M., Salem: Hon. Thomas C. 
Amory, A.M., Boston; Augustus T. Perkins, A.M., Boston; George B. Chase, 
A.M., Boston ; John C. J. Brown, Boston ; George K. Clarke, LL.B., Needham. 

Committee on the Library. — John T. Hussam, A.M., Boston; Willard S. Allen, 
A.M., Boston; Jeremiah Colburn, A.M.. Boston; William B. Trask, Boston; 
Deloraine P. Corey, Maiden; Edmund T. Eastman, M.D., Boston ; Walter Adams, 
A.M., Framingham. 

Committee on Papers and Essays. — Rev. Henry A. Hazen, A.M., Auburndale ; 
Rev. Increase N. Tarbos, D.D., Newton; Rev. David G. Haskins, S.T.D., Cam- 
bridge ; William C. Bates, Newton ; Charles C. Coffin, Boston ; Rev. Artemas B. 
Muzzey, A.M., Cambridge; Rev, Waldo Burnett, A.M., Southboro' ; Alexander 
Williams, Boston. 

Col. Wilder, having for the eighteenth time been elected president of the society, 
proceeded to deliver his annual address, which is printed in full in this number of 
the Register (ante, po. 13S-U'j). 

After the address Mr. Wilder called the Hon. George C. Richardson, vice-presi- 
dent for .Mas.«achusetts, to the chair, and withdrew, the members rising as he pass- 
ed from the hall. 

Hon. Nathaniel F. SafTord offered a preamble and resolution which was unani- 
mously passed, that whereas our venerable pre.-^ident has secured to this .society for 
building purpo.ses a sum exceeding ^SOjO'-X), collected personally by himself, the 
prof<jund thanks of the society be tendered to him for his earnest and successful 
effjrts in its behalf, and that thanks be also extended to the noble and generous 
benefactors who have contributed this niuniticent endowment. 

The following annual reports were then presented : 

Rev. Edmund F Slafter, the corresponding .secretary, reported that fifty-eight 
resident and ten Corresponding members had been added to the society during the 
year. He also rej)'irted the usual correspondtnce relating to historical subjects. 

Rev. lncrea.se N. Tarbox, D.D., the liistoriographer, reported the numb^er of 
members who have died during the year, as far as known, to be thirty-nine, and 
that the average age was 73 years, 4 montlis, 27 days. Memorial sketcheshave been 
prepared and printed as promptly as tlie space at command will allow. 

Benjamin B. Torrey, the treasurer, reported the total income of the i'ear to be 
$3,637.92, and the current expenses i;3,jl0.61, leaving a balance on hand of 



1886.] Societies and their Proceedings. 215 

$127.31. The amount of the Librarian's Fund is $12,763.13 ; of the Life Member. 

f'^H '"-ir-'ToV'^'rlV 'p ^^^' Bradbury Fund, $2,500; of the Towne Memorial 
Fund, ;^3,6j4.90 ; of the Barstow 1-und. s'JSO.SO : of tlie Bond Fund <.j(} .g . .A 
the Cushman Fund, .v97..51 : of the Sever Fund, $5,000; of the 'i'lden' Fu'nH 
$1,000; of the Kusscll Fund, $3,000; and of the Buildin^. Fund <2? VsTq .' 
making a total of the several funds in the hands of the treasurer of '<fi5'7yo''>3 " ' ' 

John W . Dean, the librarian, reported that 522 volumes and IS78'pamph]eLs had 
been added to the library during the year. The library now contains 20 776 vol- 
umes, and 64,604 pamphlets, ' 

John T. Hassara. cl)airnian of the committee on English Research, reported o-rat 
ifying results, part:eubirly in relation to the ancestry and birth of the founder of 
Harvard College (Kkg. xxxix. 265, 325). 

Kev. Henry A. Hazen ciiairman of the committee on papers, reported that nine 
papers had been read before the society durins the year. '^ ^ ' ^ "'"<^ 

Col. Albert H Hnyt, secretary of the committee on memorials, reported that the 
fourth volume of " Memorial Biographies " had been completed and i^.ued 

John T. Hassam, chairman of the library committee, J.jhn W. Dean, chairman 
of the publishing committee, and Abner C. Goudell, Jr., cliairman of the commK 
on heraldry, submitted the reports of these several committees. "mmee 

Maine Genealogical Societf. 

Portland, Wednesdajj, January 2"/, 1SS6.— The annual meeting, adjourned to this 
evening, was held in Reception Hall, F. M. Ray, Vice-Pre^identrin the chair 

The nominating committee reported the following list of officers, the fir<t Dresi- 
dent of the society, John K Anderson, having declined a retilection. The c'andi- 
dates were elected, namely : i-iuui 

President. — William H" Smith. 

Vice-President.— F. M. Ray. 

Treasurer. — Frederick Conant. 

Secretary. — Charles Burleigh. ' 

Librarian. — Stephen M. Watson. 
' ^- 9- <-^^nant, the treasurer, reported that the receipts for the last year were 
$85.3d, expenses ^6/.o0, balance in the treasury $17 75 ^ 

7 • V. ^"t^' ^^^^ '^ P''!^^''' ^"fitled •• A Batch of Old Papers and Books " 

V\ T u^h''" T"^ "" ''''f'^'^ "" ^^'"^ " ^^nf^ient Military of Stroudwater " 

John T Hull read a paper, entitled - A Stranraer's Grave: James B.nnatvne " 

Abstracts ot these papers were printed in ttie Eastern Argus, Jan. 28, ISsO. " 

Virginia Historical Society. 
i?/c/J/non^, Saturday, January 23. I686.-A meeting of the executive committee 
SSe^ry. ^" '''"'"=' ^^ '^^'""^ ^^''^' ^^°^-^' ch^\?m^n, and Robert i Brock! 

fh^Jf^^M "*• ^°°''*'-''"''S^^°°^'' rpl'<^-^and manuscripts, was reported, amonrr 
them a highly in erestin- d.)cument from George Fortunatus Juda ., Searcher of 

fZf^u ^ Ti "u-T^ by Charles IL, Sept. 27, IGfiS, to the Roval AfricaS S> 
t n!7'f th 'f^ °^ ""^r^ T^' f^°^^'^- ^""^^ "f i'-^^k, brother to the king. A de^rip- 
tion of this document and a history of the company is printed in a report of tins 
meeting, in the Richmond Dispatch, Jan. 24 1886 

r^^^"^''^-^''°''i' !-^'''^' gentlemen were read, among them one from B. F. Stevens of 
London in rela ion to his propr^ui m to furnish the United States government wi?h 
copies of unpublished documents relating to the American Revolution, in the , u^'lc 
and private depositories oi Lurope ; another from Geor.-e H. Moore. LL.D., of \ew 
York, in relation to the record Feb. 21, 1632, given in-llening's Statutes at wl 
of Virginia, in which John Buckner is stated to luive been called before Lord Cu Wer 
and his Council for printing the laws of 1680 without hi. excellency's bWea^'i 
ordered to give bonds in £100 " not to print anything thereafter until his Ma&u "s 
pleasure be k„own ' Dr. Moore in^iuires whetlijr this record has •' ;ver been 
further fortified or discredited." The Secretary repftes, that the records r.uoted b? 
Hening were destroyed April 3, 1865, when ihe C^ou.•t of Appeals builditwal 
burnt, but there is no reason to doubt that the entry was in the records. 

enftrgock7irmr^."= "" '^'' ^^ ' ''"'"''' '''' ^"■"'"'' '''^' "^^^ '-^^-— > 



216 Societies and their Proceedings. [April, 

Gifts of book?, relio8 and manuscripts were reported. Mr. Brock, the correspond- 
ing sccrttary, reported that the next volmiie of the Society's collections, rclatinir to 
the Ilugiienot Emigration to America {ante, pages 110-11), has been committetf to 
the printer. 

Rhode Islaxd Historical Society. 

Providence, Tuesday, Nov. 17, 1885.— Tlie resrular fortnightly meeting was held 
last evening, the president, William Gammell, LL.I)., in the chair. 

A paper on *' The Jhigaenot Iiitluence in Rhode Inland," by Miss Esther Bernon 
Carpenter, of South Kingston, was read by Prof. Lincoln. The paper is printed in 
fulldn the Providence Journal, K6\. 18, ltiS5. 

December 1. — A stated meeting was held this evening, President Gammell in the 
chair. 

Amasa Eaton, of Providence, read a paper on " French Spoliation Claims and 
Rhode Island Claimants.'' An abstract of this paper is printed in the Eve?iing 
Bulletin, Providence, Dec. 2, 1885. 

December 15. — A stated meeting was held this evening. President Gammell 
presiding. 

Carl \V. Ernst of Boston, editor of The Deacon, formerly a resident of Providence, 
read a paper on " International Law : its Theory and Practice as Detined by Henry 
"Wheaton." He was followed by Hon. Abraham Payne with a " Biograpfiical 
Sketch of Henry AVheaton,"' who was born in Providence Nov. 27, 1785. Abstracts 
are printed in the Evening Bulletin, Dec. 16, 1885. 

December 29, — A stated meeting was held this evening. President Gammell in the 
chair. 

George C. Mason, Jr., of Newport, read a paper on "Apprenticeship and the 
Manual Training System." The paper is printed in full in the Eveninn Bulletin, 
Dec. 30, 1885. f i t^ ij , 

CniCAGO Historical Society. 

Chicago, 111., Wednesday, Nov. 17, 1885.— The annual meeting was held this day, 
Hon. E. B. Washburne in the chair. 

The librarian. Albert D. Hager, submitted his annual report, which showed that 
the_acce.=iions of books to the Library were 2709 bound volumes and 4332 pamphlets. 
which added to former collections made 12,024 bound books, and 35.388 pamphlets, 
a total of 47,412 books. Of these, 1308 were purchased with the income from the 
" Lucretia Pond Fund." 

During the year 795 volumes have been bound at an expense of .$760.15, of which 
314 were newspaper files, and a large proportion of the other were serial^ and the 
publications of sister societies. 

The entire expenses for the year, including bills for book-binding, salaries, taxes, 
&c., were .Sl869.b6. A balance of ^725.30 was in the Society's treasury. 

Hon. Thomas Drummond. in behalf of the family of the late I. N. Arnold, pre- 
sented an oil portrait of Mr. Arnold, late President of the Society, which Mr. 
Wa.shburne received for the Society with appropriate remarks. 

Mr. E. G. Mason, lor the Executive Committee, made a report of the two trust 
funds of the late Jonathan Burr and Miss Lucretia Pond. The Burr Fund of ,'^2000 
is safely invested in G;^ interest bearing bonds, and $120 accumulated interest" is in 
the treasury. 

The " Lucretia Pond Fund" amounts to $13,500, which is also safely invested. 
The accumulated intere^^t, at last annual meeting, was .'S971.96. The amount re- 
ceiveii since is ;<M0, making ;<1781.96. Of this araoun't $1400.53 have been ex- 
pended in the purchase of books. 

Hon. A. H. Burley, fur Trustees of the "Gilpin Fund," made report showing 
that the total of that fund was ,$71,279.67. Rev. M. Woolsey Stryker, Hempstead 
Washburne and John .Moses were elected members. 

An election of ofScers for the ensuing year was then held, and the following' waa 
the result of the election ; ° 

President. —lion. E. B. Wa^hbume. 

Vice-Presidents.— Ylnt, Edward G. Mason ; second, Alexander C. McCIur"-. 
Treasurer. — Henry H. Nash. ° 

Secretary and Lihrarion. — Albert D. Hager. 
Executive ComffuUee.—Hoa, Mark Skiuoer, Hon. D. K, Peareona. 



ifv :■ .r.j -f' 






.' -lav'l .;i .G .11-. 



1886.] Necrologij of Historic Genealogical Society. 217 



KECROLOGY OF THE XEW-EXGLAND HISTORIC 
GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY. 

Prepared by the Rev. Increase N. Tarbox, D.D., Historiosiapher of the Society. 

The historiographer would inform the society, that the sketches pre- 
pared for the Register are necessarily brief in consequence of the 
limited space whicli can be appropriated. All the facts, however, he is 
able to gather, are retained in the Archives of the Society, and will aid iu 
more extended memoirs for which the '' Towue Memorial Fund," the gift 
of the late William B. Towne, A.M., is provided. Four volumes, printed 
at the charge of this fund, entitled " Memorial Biographies," edited by 
the Committee on Memorials, have been issued. They contain memoirs of 
all the members who have died from the organization of the society to the 
year 1862. A fifth volume is in preparation. 

William Parsoxs, Esq., a benefactor and life member, admitted June 2, 1617, 
was born is Gloucester, Mass., August 30, 1S04, and died in Newton, Mass., July 
1, 18S5, aged 80 years and 10 months. 

His earliest American ancestor was Jeffrey Parsons, of Gloucester, and we are 
indebted chiefly to Hun. Juhn J. Babson, of Gloucester, for the following details of 
hLs family line. Jeffrey' Parsons and Sarah V'inson married Nov. 11, 1657. He died 
Aug. 19, lf>37. She died Jan. 12, 1703. Jeffrey,- born Jan. 31, 1666, married Abi- 

fiil Younglove, of Ipswich, May 5, 1636. The date of his death is not known, 
he died in 1734. Jonathan,* born Feb. 8, 1687, married Lydia Stanwood, Feb. 1, 
1711. Among their children were twin sons. James,* one of these twins, born 



tha Post, and died Nov. 3, 1823, leaving an only son, the subject of this sketch. 

William^ Parsons was married to Georgiana B. Mes.ser, of Stratford, N. H., Dec. 
10, 1834. She was born in that town, March 14, IdJG. From this marriage there 
were seven children, four sons and three daughters. Of these one son died in 1853, 
and one daughter in 1333. Three sons and two daughters, with their mother, 
survive. 

Mr. Parsons having lost his father, who died when the son was nineteen years old, 
was called naturally to take charge of the business and shipping interests in which his 
father had been engaged. He receivc'l, therefore, an early practical business edu- 
cation. He remained as a merchant in Gloucester until he was more than forty 
years old, removing to Boston in 1845. 

Since coming to Boston, in the various business relations which he has sustained, 
he so conducted himself as to secure prosperity and success, and leave behind a rec- 
ord of honor in the wide circle of his associates and friends. 

Joseph Warre:^ Tucker, Esq., of Roxbury, a resident member, admitted Dec. 26, 
1871, was born in Dorchester. Dec. 1, 1800, and die^J in B-jston Highlanils, April 
21, 1885. His father, Elijah Tucker, was born in Milton, Mass., Feb. 24, 1765 ; and 
his mother, Rebecca "Weatherby, was born in Dedham, 2»la&s., May 7, 1769. His 
earliest American ancestor was Robert Tucker of Weymouth, 1635. Of his eight 
children James''' was born in 1610. He was married, but the name of his wife is not 
given. Of his three children, Jamts'-" was born in 16S0, and married Sarah Baker, 
of Dedham, in 1707. Of their eight children, Joseph* was born in 1725, and mar- 
ried, 1754, Mary Dana. Of their eleven children, Elijah'-' was born as above, Feb. 
24, 1765. Joseph Warren^' was therefore of the sixth American generation. He 
married Nov. 12, 1856, iMary Porter, daughter of Mr. Samuel Porter, of Portkind, 
Me. From this marriage there were no children, and his wife died before him. 

The subject of this sKetch, until the age of twenty-one, labored hard upon hi3 
father's fann in Roxbury, and having no advantages for ejiucation, except such as 
VOL. XL. 20 



218 ITecrology of Historic Genealogical Society. [April, 

were afforded by the district schools of that period, which were of an inferior grade. 
However, by (Special studies after he had come of a:^e, he prepared himself for school- 
teaching, and for some years taught district-schools in the winter. Then he began 
to eerve as clerlj in stores, until in 1S27, when he went into the grocery business for 
himself. 

From 1837 to 1843, he represented the town of Rosbury in the Legislature. He 
wivs also upon the b lard of assessors, overseers of the poor, and surveyors of high- 
ways. In 1810, he was eleete<l selectman, servinz till Roxbury was made a city, 
in 1816, when he was elected city clerk, and held the office during the whole period 
that Roxbury remained a separate city. 

Few uien have had so many offices of trust. lie was clerk of the First Religious 
Society (which was tiie John Eliot Church), he was justice of the peace, notary 
public, one of the directors of the People's National Bank, trustee of the Eliot 
Savings Institution. &c. In short he lived a long, laborious, honorable and useful 
life, and passed away quietly and peacefully in a g.jod old age. His funeral was 
attended in the meeting-house of the First Religious Society of Roxbury, Friday 
afternoon, April 24. 

Dea. JoTHASi Gocld Chase, of Springfield, Mass., a life member, was born in 
Anson, Me., March 30, 1816, and died of pneumonia in Springfield, Mass., Dec. 5, 
18.84, aged 63 years, 8 mos. 5 days. 

He was the eldest son of Col. Jotham Sewall Cha-se and Mary Gould, daughter of 
Dea. Moriah Gould, of Norridgewock, Me., who were married in the year 1814. 
Jotham Gould Cha.se was tiie seventli in direct succession from Aquilla* Chase, 
through Thomas, - Thoma.s.' Josiah,* Josiah,* and Jotham S.^ to Jotham G.^ 

Jotiiam Gould Cha-:e was twice married — Grst. to Sarah C. S. G., daughter of 
James Brown Thornton, Esq., of Sico, Me., born July •2-2, 1820 ; married April 29, 
1816; die! in SpringSeld, Mass., March 10, 1817, leavin^r one son, James Brown 
Thornton Chase, born in Springtield, Ma.<s., Feb. 22, 1847, and who is now living 
in Dakota Ter. He married second. Cornelia S., daughterof Jesse Savage, Esq., 
of Hartford, Conn., May 28, 1850, who with two adopted daughters, Cora J. and 
Ada G. Cha.se, survive him, residing in Springfield, Mass. Two grandchildren, 
Sarah Thornton and Jessie, daughters of James B. T. and Annie Chase, are now 
residing with their mother in Newport, R. I. 

Dea. Cliase in early youth joined the Baptist church in South Berwick, Me. In 
1839 he removed to Boston, uniting by letter with the old Federal Street (now Cla- 
rendon Street) Baptist Church ; but he remained in Boston less than a year, re- 
moving to Springtield, Mass., in the spring of 1810. wliere he united by letters with 
the first Baptist Church in August of that year. For a long period he had entire 
charge of its choir and music, and for more than fortj'-four years has been one of its 
most active, earnest, reliable and spiritual members. Though voted for many times, 
it was not till January 1, 1850, that he would consent to accept the office of dea- 
con of the church, to which he was elected unanimously, and which he held until 
hie death. 

In public life he was honored by his fellow citizens several times with offices of 
trust in the city government, unsought by himself. Never a political partisan, he 
was a true, decided republican, heartily sustaining the general government in its 
struggle with rebellion, and rejoicing m the stability, freedom and emancipation 
which crowned its success. 

Dea. Chase entered the dry-goods busines.s with Mr. Edward C. Wilson in Spring- 
field, in 1840. the firm being at first Wilson &, Chase, and afterwards Wilson, Chase 
& Co. He continued in the dry-goods trade some six or seven years, when he left 
it to enter the lumber and building business with Mea^rs. Decrete, Bayington & 
Co., with whom he remained until his partners removed to Chicago. He continued 
in the lumber trade, sometimes with partners and sometimes alone, until the close 
of his life. 

As a business man his character and integrity were ever beyond suspicion. He 
was cautious, industrious and persevering, giving his whole energies to his business 
enterprises, but winning success only by fair, upright and honorable dealing. The 
writer of this sketch has been personally and intimately associated with Bro. Chase 
in business, social and religious life, for nearly forty-five years, from our first meet- 
ing in the choir and Sabbath School of old Federal Street Baptist Church in Boston 
t<3 the la^t thirty-two years of almost con-tant itit^'rcourse in SpringlJild. As a 
christian he was humble, trustful and joyous. He delighted to contemplate " the 



1886.] Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. 219 

bouse of many mansions," and looked with sure hope to be received to " his own 
prepared." As a friend he was true, tender and faithful. As an associate, lively, 
warm-hearted and_ cheerful. His eminent social quaiitiefl. his hxrnje information 
and easy conversational powers, his knowledge and enthusiastic love of music, made 
him a most welcome addition to everv social circle which he entered. 

Dea. Chase had been a great sufferer, during his later years, from a painful 
chronic disease, which he bore with patient fortitude and reMi,q)ation ; but his last 
illness was pneumonia, resulting from a cold taken only a week before his death. 
Sweet peace and joy, and faith without a cloud, sustiiined his last moments, and 
his mortal eyes caught a glimpse of the glories beyond the River ere yet he had 
passed Over, which left upon his countenance the radiant stamp of the signet ring 
of Heaven. 

By George P. Gear, Esq., of Springfield, Mass. 

Hon. William Warrex Tucker, a benefactor and life member, admitted March 
19, 1869, was born in Boston, March IS, 1817, and died at Paris. France, Nuv. 20, 
1885. His father was Alanson Tucker, born in Middleborouah, Mass., Jan. 25, 1777, 
and his mother was Eliza Thorn, born in Londonderry, X. H., April 19, 1790. His 
father and niother were united in marriage May 9, i809, and the father died June 
1, 1863. His grandfather, Nathaniel Tucker, was born in Middlebor.iugh, Ma.'is., 
Oct. 15, 1744, and his great-grandfather, Benjamin Tucker, was born in the same 
town in the year 1705 or 1706. 

After being fitted for college he entered Dartmouth and was graduated there in 
1835. He received the degree of A.M. from Dartmouth in 1838, and from Harvard 
College in 1361, His class iu Dartmouth College consisted of fifty members, among 
whomwere numbered Hon. Amos Tuck, member of congress, Hon. John P. Healy, 
late City Solicitor of Boston, and Hon. Nathaniel Foster Satford of this city. 

He was united in marriage, March 30, 1843. with Susan Elizabeth, daughter of 
William and Susan (Rugbies) Lawrence, of Boston. From tfiis marriaire there 
were two children, William Lawrence, born Nov. 4, 1844, and Allan, born April 
20, 1848. > i- 

He was a trustee of the Lawrence Academy of Groton, an institution endowed in 

Ert by his father in law, from 1844 to 1852, and in 1878 was a member of the 
ecutive Council under Gov. Rice. 

At some time before 1851 he had entered into business arranircments under the 
firm name of Upham, Appleton & Co. This continued for a few years, when it was 
changed into Upham, Tucker & Co., commission merchants, No."'4 Milk Street. 

Mr. Tucker was the translator or compiler of the following works : 

His Imperial Highness the Grand Duke Alexis in the United States of America 

during the Winter of 1871-72 For private distribution. [Compiled by W . 

W. Tucker.] Svo. pp. 221. (I). Cambridge, IS72. 

His Royal Highness Prince Oscar at the" National Celebration of the Centennial 
Anniversary of American Independence, held in Philadelpiiia, U. S. A., July 4, 
1876. [Compiled by W. W. Tucker.] 8vo. pp. +119. Boston. 1876. 

The Republic of San Marino. Translated from the French. Printed for private 
distribution. I2mo. pp. xiv. 170. Cambridge, 1830. 

The Neutral Territory of Moresnet. Printed for private distribution. [Trans- 
lated from the French.] 12mo. pp. 18. Cambridge, 1882. 

The Valley of Andorra. Translated from the French, and printed for private dis- 
tribution. 12mo. pp. 66. Cambridge, 18e2. 

Isaac Child, Esq., a life member, admitted June 9, 1846, was born in Newton, 
Mass. (now West Rosbury), May 1, 1792, and died in Boston, Dec. 23, 1SS5. Hi.s 
father was Daniel Child, born in Brookline, Mass.. Feb. 19, 1751. His mother was 
Rebecca Richards (daughter of Capt. Jeremiah Richards), bjrn in Roxburv, Dec. 
18, 1700. His earliest American ancestor was Benjamin' Child, born near Bury St. 
Edmunds, England, about 1615. Frum him the line ran through Joshua, = born 1658; 
Isaac,^ born 1088; Isaac,* born 1722, and Daniel,* as above given, born in 1751. 

From a record left by himself we copy the following quaint and suggestive sen- 
tences : 

" My education, in common parlance, has been very limited, but that obtained in 

commerce with men and things thrju^h life, somewhat more extensive My 

good mother, being a past school teacher of Roxburv, singled me from my fjur older 
Brothers as fit for a higher range of education, shoul'd the pecuniary circumstances of 



220 ITecrology of Historic Genealogical Society. [April, 

my father seem to ■warrant, but that time did not arrive, and I did not attain even an 
academical education. But while she eat and treadled her little linen wheel, being 
' apt to teach,' she prepared me fur a three months term under female tuition, in 
bummer, and a eimiJar term with male teachers in the winter." 

Mr. Child was three times married. liio first wife was Eliza, dauirhter of Benja- 
min Billings, of Roxbury. to whom he was married Nov. 22, 1S21. llis second wife 
was Maria, daughter of Phineiis Eastman of Franklin, N. II., and his marriage with 
her took place July 4, 1648. She died April 2, 1653. His third wife, to whom he 
■was married May 31, 1S54, was Abby, daughter of Ely Forbes Baker, of Steuben, 
Me. This third wife survives him. There was one child, a daughter, by the first 
marriage, and two daughters by the third marriage. All these children are dead. 

Mr. Child was variously employed during his active life, and held several impor- 
tant trusts and responsibilities, as treasurer of the Williams Market, treasurer of 
our own society for three years, from Jan. 1S57 to Jan. 16f>0 ; town clerk of Argyle, 
Me;, selectman, assessor, &c. 

All the initiatory work of the Child Genealogy, a solid volume of 842 pages, ■was 
performed by him. His kinsman, Elias Child, who completed and published the 
■work, says in his preface: " Correspondence was opened with Mr. Child, of Bos- 
ton, who had hitherto been unknown to me, which led to an arrangement with him 
for placing in my hands the material which he had, to l^e incorporated in the pro- 
posed genealogy. His matter forms the nuckus of this work ; not that it consti- 
tutes the larger amount, nor that it was arranged as incorporated in this work. The 
filling up of many branches partially traced by Mr. I^ac Child, and the discovery 
of many new lines, will swell the volume to threefold or more beyond his material. 
Yet had it not been for his industry and perseverance, it is probable the present 
■work would not have been undertaken." 

Capt. Pearce Wentworth Penhallow, a resident member, admitted May 9, 1878, 
■was born in Portsmouth, N. 11., Feb. 27, 1817, and died in Bu-ton, Mass., Dec. 9, 
1885. His father was Hunking Penhallow, born in Portsmouth, J!^. H., October, 
1766, and died Sept. 24, 1826. His mother was Harriet Pearce, daughter of 
David and Bethiah (Ingersoll) Pearce, born in Gloucester, Mass., March Ci?, 1780. 
His earliest American ancestor was Samuel Penhallow, born July 2, 1605, at St. 
Mabon, County of Cornwall, England, who came to New England in 1666, living 
first at Charlestown, Mass., and then at Portsmouth, X. II., where he married Mary 
Cutt, and by her had thirteen children. John," born January 13, 1693, married 
Elizabeth, widow of John \Vatts, and had four children. Of these, John^ married 
Sarah, daughter of Hunking AVentworth, and had eleven children. Of these, Hunk- 
ing (whose record is given above) was the sixth son. 

The subject of this sketch, being of the fifth American generation, wa? united in 
marriage, Oct. 16, 1845, with Elizabeth Warner Pitts Sherburne, daughter of John 
Nathaniel Sherburne. By this marriage there were four sons, two of whom are 
dead. The others are Thomas Wibird and Charles Sherburne, the latter a gradu- 
ate of Harvard College in the class of 1874. Their motlier also survives. 

Captain Penhallow had an eventful and eminently successful life on the sea, fol- 
lowing in this the occupation of his father. At the age of twenty-three, in 1340, 
he was put in command of the ship Margaret Scott, of Portsmouth, trading be- 
tween New England and the southern states. In 1314 he was transferred to the 
ship Rockingham, engaged in the same general line of trade. In 185() Gliideu & 
"Williams gave him the command of the ship George Raynes, one of the vessels of 
the San Francisco line. This was in the very height of the great movement to Cal- 
ifornia, and the ships of this line were loaded down with p;is.<ongersand merchandise. 
In 1854 Glidden & Williams gave him the command of the ship Sierra Nevada, of 
nearly 2000 tons, in the guano trade. With a full load of suano, this ship, under 
the command of Capt. Penhallow, was ordered to sail for Liverpool. In entering 
the dock the ship caught on the dock sill aud was broken and the cargo lost. After 
long and vexatious suits, under the charge of Capt. Penhallow, the sum of .$150,000 
■was recovered from the dock company. He continued to tullow the sea, having those 
lar^e and important trusts on his hands, until his retirement, only a few years ago. 

He was a man great!}' beloved in the wide circle of his acquaintance. Of win- 
ning address, with the law of christian kindness and simplicity in his whole look 
and manner, he strongly attracted men of all conditions to himself, and has left 
behind a bright and shining name. 

He contributed an article on the Penhallow family to the Register for January, 
1678, which was re-printed in an Svo. pamphlet of 22 pages, in 1885, he revised 
and enlarged thia work, and it was published in an octavo volume of 47 pages. 



1886.] Necrology oj Historic Genealogical Society. 221 

JoHX Allen Lewis, Esq., a resident member, admitted Oct. 11. 1S73, was born 
in Barnstable, Mass., Nov. 19, 1819, and died in Boston, Nov. 2, 1S85. 

His father was Jofiah Lewis, of Barnstable. His earliest paternal ancestor was 
Geori^e Lewis (Lewice, Lewes), who as a clothier came from East Greenwich, Kent, 
England, in 163-J or 33, scttlinji first at Plymouth, Mass., and living also for a time 
atScituate before removing: to Barnstable in 1639. 

Mr. Lewis's mother was Sally Gorham, a direct descendant from Cant. John Gor- 
ham, who was born in En:zland" in January, Ifi-JO-l, and married Desire ilnwland, 
daughter of John Howland, of Plymouth, one of the orii^inal Mayflower company. 

Gustavus A. Hinckley, E-q., of Barnstable (to whom we are indebted for much 
valuable information to'uching the Lewis, Gorham and allied families), s;iys : " Mr. 
Lewis was an excellent representative of the inherited Lewis and Gorham elements 
of character that were often exhibited in the generations back to the early colonial 
period ; more particularly the love of education and of culture characteristic of his 
Lewis ancestry." We regret that, in the limited space allotted to this obituary no- 
tice, we can rnake use of only a small portion of the material which Mr. Hinckley 
has furnished. But the whole will be carefully preserved, and will come into lar<r- 
er use by and by in the preparation of a more extended biography for our .Memorial 
"Volumes. 

S. B. Phinney, Esq., president of the First National Bank of Elyannis and for- 
merly publisher of the Barnstable Patriot, says: '" Mr. Lewis entered my office in 
Barnstable at tiie early age of 11 years, and learned the setting of type under my 

own instruction in 1831 When the California gold fever was at its height, 

more than thirty-six j-ears ago, he had still his tondne.-s for printing, and took with 
him to San Francisco a small printing establishment, and while detained some 
weeks in crossing the Isthmus of Panama, edited and printed a small daily news- 
paper, to the edification of the large number who were detained with him en r.nite."' 

He remained some years in California and was employed upon the Alta Califor- 
nia, and afterward, in company with his relative, \yiiliam_H. Rand, Esq., estab- 
lished a paper in Los Angelos, which was issued half in English and half in Spanish. 

Soon after returning from Caliiornia he was united in marria^rc, Nov. 1-J, lS5r>, 
■with Miss Elizabeth Ritchie, daughter of Mr. John Ritchie, of Boston. They made 
their home for a time in Chicairo, and Mr. Lewis was employed by the Illinuis Cen- 
tral Poiilroad, in what might be called the literary department of the road, a range 
of miscellaneous writino: made necessary in every large enterprise of this kind. 

While in Chicago their only child. Richard Lewis, was born, Oct. 19, 18.58. As 
it was thought the health of this child sutfered in Chicago, Mr. and Mrs. Lewis re- 
turned to Boston. But the child died at the age of five years. Mr. Lewis still con- 
tinued in the employ of the Illinois Central Railroad for such writing as could be 
done in Boston. In his later years his eye-sight was seriously impaired, but he 
continued to use his pen in various ways as long as he was able, being for years a 
contributor to The Nation, in such matters as were to him specialties. Tliis labor 
he performed by request of the managers of the paper, but would take no pay for it. 
For many years he was slowly gathering a choice library, very rich and rare in Mather 
publications. Mr. Lewis was a man of most kind and companionable nature, and 
was greatly beloved by those well acquainted with him. 

Henky Edw.vrds, Esq., a resident member, admitted Feb. 17, 1866, was bom in 
Northaraptou, Mass., Oct. 22, 1798, and died in Boston. Sept. 24, ISSo. His father 
■was Williams Edwards, born in Elizabeth, New Jersey, Nov. 10, 1770, and his mo- 
ther was Rebecca Tappan, bom in Northampton, Mass., July 14, 1775. These two 
•were united in marriage Nov. 11, 1793, and had eleven children, eight of whom lived 
beyond December, 18G8. 

His earliest American ancestor was William^ Edwards, of Hartford, Ct., who was 
resident in that town about 1610, and in 164-5 married Mirs. Agnes Spencer, widow 
of Mr. William Spencer, she having three children by her tirst marriage. By her 
Mr. Edwards had only one child. Richard- Edwards, born May, 1647, tirst married 
1667, Elizabeth Tuthill (Tuttle), of New Haven, and by her had sLx children, the 
eldest of whom was Timothy-' Edwards, born ilay 14, 1669. He married 1694, Es- 
ther Stoddard, of Northampton. By this marriage there were eleven children, ten 
daughters and one son. Jonathan* Edwards, bom Oct. 5, 1703, in East Windsor, 
Ct., was the great theological and metaphysical writer of his age. He married, July 
28, 1727, Sarah Pierrepont, of New Haven. From this marriage there were three 
sons and nine daughters. The eldest sou was Timothy* Edwards, born in North- 

VOL. XL. 20* 



222 Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. [April, 

ampton, July 25, 173S, and married Rhoda Ogdcn, of Elizabeth, X. J. He was a mer- 
chant in Elizabeth, but in 1771 removed to Stockbridge, Mass. 

"William* Edwards's record is given above. Henry Ed\v:irds, therefore, was of the 
seventh generation from William, of Ilartford. The family of Tappans, from whom 
his mother was chosen, had a very honorable line of descent. 

In the year 1S2S, Sept. 4, Mr. Edwards was united in marriage with !Miss Martha 
Ann Dorr, daughter of Hon. Samuel Dorr, of Boston. By this marriage there were 
four children, two of whom died in infancy and two in youth, one whilst a member 
of college. 

Mr. Edwards began his mercantile training in 1S21, in the store of his uncle, Ar- 
thur Tappan, in the city of Xew York. In 1823 he associated himself with Charles 
Stoddard, of Boston, and under the iirm name of Edwards 5; Stoddard they carried 
on a large business in French dry- goods. Mr. Edwards lived much in France as 
purchaser of these goods, and there he enjoyed the friendship of Lafayette, and visit- 
ed by invitation at his chateau at La Grange. This business relation with Dea. Stod- 
dard continued from 1823 to 1845, and was very successful. 

. Mr. Edwards was a man in whom his fellow-men safely trusted. Many large pub- 
lic interests, city, state and national, have been placed in his keeping, where they 
always received faithful attention. He was a man exceedingly poUte and affable, 
with a winning address. He has passed the later years of his life in quiet and re- 
tirement, but it was a pleasure to his friends when they chanced to meet him on 
the street or in social gatherings. 

Rev. "William Barry, A.M., of Chicago, HI., a corresponding member, admitted 
June 3, 1847, was bom in Boston, January 10, 1805, and died in Chicago, Jan. 17, 
18S5, aged 80 years and seven days. His father was William Barry, a somewhat 
public man of Boston, and member of the legislature. His mother v/as Esther Stetson, 
His brother. Rev. John Stetson Barry, was the author of a Historj' of Massachusetts, 
in three volumes. 

ilr. Barry entered Brown "Cniversity in 1818, graduating in 1822, having among 
his classmates Alexis Caswell, D.D., afterwards president of the college, Isaac Da^-is, 
LL.D., and Benjamin Clarke Cutler, I). D. -Vfter graduating, he lirst studied law in 
the office of Chief Justice Shaw. Changing his plan of life, he entered the Divinity 
School in Cambridge in 1825, and after two years went to Germany and pursued his 
studies two years more in that country. He was licensed in 1830, and was first set- 
tled in Lowell, Mas*., where he remained five years. 

In 1835 he accepted a caU to the First Unitarian Church in Framingham, where 
he remained as pastor nine years, but continuing his residence at Framingham for 
some years longer, while he was engaged in literary labors, including a History of 
the Town of Framingham, vith genealogies of the Framingham families, a work of 
456 pages. From 1841 and onward, so long as Mr. Barry remained in Framingham, 
the writer of this notice was his near neighbor, and familiar with his busy literary 
labors. He was a most kind, pohte and companionable man. About the time of his 
coming to Framingham, he was united in marriage with Miss Elizabet'n Willard. He 
found in her a rich and choice treasure- She was of a modest, lady-like deportment, 
gentle in all her ways, but of refined mind and great literary ciilture. The hymn 
which she ■^Tote for the dedication of the Edgehill Grove Cemetery in Framingham, 
■was rare for its beauty and fitness. 

But the great work of Mr. Barry has really been in the "V\'est, in the building up of 
the Historical Society of Chicago. At this work he wrought for long years, until 
in 1868 he resigned his position as president of the society. In this connection his 
literary labors have been very great. 

Such has been his state of health through all the labors of his life, that he has been 
compelled often to diversify work with travel. His European travel and study, how- 
ever, have been of the greatest assistance in his peculiar enterprises. His wife died 
about a year and a half ago, and soon after her death her hymn was read on a beau- 
tiful October day in the Framingham Cemetery — a day like that gentle October day 
thirty/- seven years before, when it was first sung on that spot. ili. Barry leaves 
two married daughters. Other children and grandchildren passed away in earlier 
life. 

Hon. John Daggett;, a corresponding member, admitted Feb. 3, 1881, was bom in 
Attleborough, Mass., Feh. 10, 1805, and died in same place, Pec 13, 1885. He was 



1886.] Necrology of Historic^ Genealogical Society. 223 

the son of Ebenezer Daggett, who was bom in Attleborough, Apr. 16, 1763, and died 
March 4, 1S32. His mother was Sally Maxcy, born in Attlcborough, Xov. 20, 177S. 
His earliest American ancestor was John^ l3aggett, who came over in W'inthrop's 
Company in 1630, and went with Thomas MaVhew to Martha's Yincvard. From 
him the line runs through Thomas- who married Hannah Mayhew, J^qA;^^ who removed 
from ilartha's Vineyard to Attleborough, Ebenezer* who married Marv Blackinton, 
John^ who manicd Mercy Shcpard, and Ebenezer^ above given. He -was therefore of 
the seventh American generation. 

He was fitted for college at "Wrentham Academy, and entered BroA\-n University 
in 182-2, graduating in course in 1S2G. His law studies occupied tliree vears, one 
year Avith Joseph L. Tillinghast of Trovidence. R. I., one year with J. J. Fiske of 
"Wrentham, and one with Judge Theron Metcalf of Dcdham. He was admitted to 
the bar in Dedham in Dec. 1829. and immediately commenced the practice of law in 
Attleborough, where he remained till his death. 

He was united in marriage, June IS, 1840, with [Miss Nancy McCIellan Boomer, of 
Sutton, Mass. From this marriage there were seven children, of whom five died in 
infancy, and two, a son and daughter, Mrs. Sheffield of New Haven, Ct., and John 
M. Daggett of Arkansas, with their mother, survive. 

Mr. Daggett was a member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives for four 
years, 1S36-1839 inclusive, and was again a member in 1866. He was a member of 
the Senate in ISoO. 

He has been, for a long course of years, the President of the Old Colony Historical 
Society at Taunton, and has devoted much time to antiquarian and historical pur- 
stiits. He was the author of the History of Attleborough, published in 1834, and had 
a second and much enlarged edition ready for the press. He has WTittenmany articles 
for the different periodicals of the day. 

The Bristol County Republican, under date of Dec. IS, 1885, says of him: "On 
the 10th of February last, there was a large gathering of relatives and friends to greet 
him on the advent of his octogenarian birthday — a day of gratulation to him ancf his 
esteemed wife. His genial kindliness, courtesy and integrity of character as a counsellor 
and friend— always to say a kind word, never a hard one — secured for him the title 
of honest John Daggett, which he wore with modest grace and merit from his* college 
days, during these sLxty years, to the time when death claimed him as a shining 
mark. He has passed away, but his life-long deeds of kindness will live after hinT, 
and his memory as the Christian gentleman Mill ever be cherished." 

Hox. Nathan Cp.osbt, LL.D., of Lowell, a resident member, admitted Nov. 3, 1866, 
•was bom at Sandwich, N. H., Feb. 12, 1798, and died in Lowell, Feb. 11, lS8o. 
One day more would have made him exactly eighty- seven years old. His earliest 
American ancestor was Simon^ Crosby, who with 'his wife'Ann, then twenty-five 
years old, and one son Thomas, came to Cambridge, Mass., in 1635, and was m^de a 
freeman in the following year. 

From Simon.i the line mns through Simon,= bom in 1637, who settled in Billerica 
and married Rachel Brackett; Josiah^ of Billerica, who married, Nov. 2, 1703, Mary 
Manning; Josiah,* born in 1704, who in 1729 married Elizabeth French; Josiah,* 
bom 1730, who married Aug. 23, 1750, Sarah Fitch ; Asa,« born July 15, 1765; to 
Nathan^ the subject of this sketch. His mother was Betsev Hoit, daughter of Col. 
Nathan Hoit, and was born in 1770. Judge Crosbv's father Asa was a phvsician of 
decided ability and large practice, who died in Hanover, N. H., Apr. 12, 1S36', aged 70. 

The family of Judge Crosby was a very notable one. It consisted of seventeen 
children by two mothers. Of these children six died in chQdhood or earlv vouth. Of 
the eleven who lived to manhood and womanhood, five received either the* Bachelor's 
degree or the degree of ^LD., from Dartmouth College, and two of the daughters 
married professional men. Judge Crosby was the last of this large familv. Two of 
them died bet^veen 70 and 80 years of age, and four between 80 and 90. 
. Three of his brothers were Professors at Dartmouth College. In the plans of his 
father and mother young Crosby was destined to the farm. But other influences 
■wrought upon him, and his parents were easily made to consent to a public education. 
He was fitted for college imdcr good instmc'tors for those days, and was graduated 
from Dartmouth La 1820 at the age of twenty- two. 

Judge Crosby was twice married. His first wife was Rebecca M. Moodv, daughter 
of Stephen Moody, E~ii., a graduate of Harvard, 1700, and a lawyer at GilnuurJj\m, 
N. H. With him Judge Crosby studied law at first, and afterwards with Hon. Asa 



224 Booh Notices, [April, 

Freeman of Dover. Judge Crosby and his brother DLxie both married daughters of 
La\rj-er Moody. His tirst -wife died Jan. 30, 1867. Judge Crosb}-'s second wife was 
Mrs. Matilda (Pickens) Fciiring, daughter of James and Charity (Mackie) Pickens 
of Boston, and widow of Dr. Joseph W. Fearing of Providence, \i. I. They were 
married. May 19, 1870. 

He leaves five children, his son, Stephen Moody Crosby, a graduate of Dartmouth 
College and Ilar^-ard Law School, and four married daughters. 

There was about Judge Nathan Crosby a sturdy Saxon honesty and strength, and 
he will be greatly missed in the circles where he lias so long moved as a leader in the 
cause of truth and righteousness. In this notice, necessarily brief, we have no space 
to enter upon the details of a life which has been very busy. These particulars will 
doubtless be kept in store, for that fuller biography which in due time will find its 
place in our Memorial Volumes. 



BOOK NOTICES. 



The Editor requests persons sending books for notice to state, for the information of 
readers, the price of each book, with the amount to be added for postage when sent by 
mail. 



The Civil, Political, Professional and Ecclesiastical History and Commercial and 
Industrial Record of the County of Kings and the City of Brooklyn, N. Y., from 
1683 to 1S84. By Henry R. Stiles, A.M., M.D., Edi"tor-in-chief. Assisted by 
L. B. Proctor, Esq., and L. P. Brockett, A.M., M.D. With Portraits, Biof?- 
raphies and Illustrations. New York : \V. W. Munsell & Co., Publishers. Imp. 
4to. pp. 1408. 

Thisi bulky volume contains a vast amount of matter, illustrating the history of 
Brooklyn and Kings County, in its various phases; " civil, political, profe.ssioQal, 
ecclesiastical, andlndustrial," The editor-in-chief, Henry R. Stiles, iM.D., has 
had much experience in historical writing, and tlie publishiers of this work were 
very fortunate in obtaining his services to prepare and supervise the great work 
■which they have given to the public. Dr. Stiles's first historical book, the '" History 
of Ancient Windsor," publisiied more than a quarter of a century ago, gave him a 
reputation which his subsequent works have increased. His " H istory of Brooklyn," 
in three thick octavo volumes, one of the most thorough and satisfactory local 
histories that have yet appeared, had particularly fitted him for the present under- 
taking. The following extract from his preface will show why he undertook the 
•work, and the spirit in which he has performed the labor on which he has been 
engaged for the last three years : 

'* In presenting to the public this ' History of Kings County and the City of 
Brooklyn,' a few words of explanation and acknowledgment are due. The pre- 
paration of so_ large a mass of historical, biographical and statistical information as 
18 contained in these pages (equivalent to nearly 4.C»00 pages octavo) was under- 
taken by the publisher in a spirit of enterprise and liberality before unequalled in 
vrorks of this character. By myself, the charge of its editing was accepted in a 
spirit of loyalty to the best interests of a city in which, for many years, I M'aa 
a resident, and of which I had formerly been the historian. My long familiarity 
with the ground, and my acquaintance with its leading citizens, encouraged me to 
believe that such a work would be most acceptable to them, and would secure their 
general interest and personal co-operation. The result has more than justified my 
anticipations. From the moment of my entrance upon the work I have been clieered 
by a renewal of the same generous response to my requests for information, and by 
the same personal encouragement from all classes of citizens, which attended my 
former efforts in behalf of the ' History of Brooklyn.' " 

Dr Stiles's assisuanLs, Mr. Proctor and Dr. Brockett, are both well known by 
their writinirs, the former being the author of " The Bench and Bar of the State of 
New York," " Lives of Eminent American Statesmen " and other works ; while the 
latter was the statistical editor of the " 2Sc\v American " and " Johnson's Cyclo- 
paedia," and 13 the author of " Uur Western Empire," aud kindred books. 



1886.] Booh J^otices. 225' 

Separate histories of the several towns in the ejunty are furnished, prepared 
by able authors who have given particular attention to the history of thediffere^nc 
localities. Special topics are also treated esbaustively by writers of ability. Be- 
sides having a general superintendence of the work. Dr. Stiles has contributed a 
large portion of 'the separate articles. Mrs. Lamb, in a notice of the work in the 
Magazine of American History, pronounces it, " the best county history that has yet 
been issued from the Ameriain press," in which opinion we fully concur. She 
adds: "Dr. Stiles seems to have borne constantly in mind, the general scope of 
the whole, and the relations of its several parts to the other, and thus has been able 
to secure a nearer approach to harmony of detail than is usually found in similar 
publications." j • , j 

The work is printed in the best manner on white heavy paper, and is handsomely 
bound. It is profusely illustrated by portraits, of which there are not less than 
two hundred ; and by buildings, views, maps, etc. 



John T. Hull. Printed by order of City 

Co., printers. 18S5. 8vo. pp. 116. 

The printing of the above interesting monograph by the authorities of the City 
of Portland as^' a valuable contribution to our local history, treating as it does of the 
earliest settlements within the present city limits, the preservation and perpetuation 
of which properly belongs to the city as a part of its records, of which relating to 
this matter, there is at present in its archives not a single fragment," evinced a very 
proper appreciation by them of the labors of Mr. Hull in collating all the obtain- 
able material relative'to a thrilling episode of the early history of Falmouth (now 
Portland). 

Concentrating his efforts upon one epoch, he has not only brought together ex- 
tracts from some fifty recognized authorities, quoting therefrom_ two hpndre<i and 
seventy-five passages ,'but has also dug outand brought to light thirty-three original 
documents bearing upon this subject, many of which were found among the Massa- 
chusetts xVrchives. These forgotten or overlooked bits of evidence supply many a 
missing link, the digging out and forging of which into a chain of binding apd 
irrefragable history has been a task heretofore exceeding the patience of our earlier 
historic writers, and is therefore the more creditable to Mr. Hull. 

The pamphlet is ornamented as well as explained by a beautiful map of ancient Fal- 
mouth, that is invaluable alike to the historical student, the investigator of ancient 
titles and the present owners and occupants of thuse historic sites. A very thor- 
ough index, carefully prepared, affords desirable acctss to particular passages and 
every proper name. 

The paper, taken as a whole, exceeded the reasonable expectations of the members 
of the Society, at whose request its elaboration was undertaken : and so fltr as it 
deals with the narration of events is sraphically and forcibly written, and will prove 
a source of gratification to the descen'iants of the worthy sires who experienced such 
noble sacrifices, privations and suiferinss, the alternations of defeat and ultimate 
success, that finally wrested from savage foes the goodly heritage of such fair fields. 
As to the conclusions and deductions of the author, he is open to the criticism of 
■writing from a partisan stand-point ; and his strictures upon the course of Massa- 
chusetts and her alleged neglect of her annexed District of Maine will not only fail 
of carrying conviction to the ardent supporters of her cause, but are apparently 
irreconcilable to certain passages and authorities he has cited ; indeed the weight 
of evidence as adduced and printed seems airainst the author on certain material 

goints. But Mr. Hull is entitled to the just praise of suppressing nothing thac 
ears on either side of this argument; and as these conclusions are avowed to 
be only his own, they do not preclude the formation of other and quite divergent 
ones by hLs readers. 

His fx)t note^ contain so much reliable information of our early settlers; so 
many facts that if known were too widely scattered to be found without weans-ome 
research, and add so generally to a full and fair understanding of event-t concurrent 
with the text, that tney justify the very considerable space they occupy, doubling 
at least the length of the original paper. 

The fertility of res^jurces developed by this systematic research_ into a single 
chapter of our history, indicates but a part of the historic gems in store for a 
thorough investigator of our general history ; and with the encouragement of such 



i;>.(?c-'v^n -Hdl i.^\ 



T>:o ':'■ 



226 Booh Notices. [April, 

grateful recosrnition as this effort has already received may serve to stimulate others 
to brino: toijether a set of jewels that will brighten and adorn our civic crown. 
By William M. Sar(;ie7it, A.M., of Portland, Maine. 

The Glasse of Time, in the First Age. Divinely handlul. By Thomas Pevton, of 

Lincolnes Inn, Gent. Seene and Allowe<i. London : Printed by Bernnrl Alsup, 

for Lawrence Chapman, and are to be sold at his shop over against Staple Inne. 

1620. The Glasse of Time, in (he Second Aije. Divinely handled. By Thomas 

Petton, of Lincolnes Inne, Gent. Seene and Allowed. London : Printed by 

Bernard Alisop. for Lawrence Chapman, and are to be sold at his shop over 

against Staple Inne. 1623. New York : John B. Alden. 1886, 8vo. pp. 177. 

I may say, by way of preface, that it is difficult to do justice to this poem in the 

necessarily limited space alloted me. Perhaps a few words concerning the history 

of its author may not be out of place. The brief notice of his life by the editor is 

so interesting that only lack of space prevents my transcribing it. 

Thomas Peyton came of sood British stock, and was born in Royston, Cambridge 
County, England, A.D. 1595. lie studied at the schools in his native town, and 
afterwards hnished his education at the University of Cambridge. He then went 
to London and was admitted to the Society of Lincoln's Inn, and there entered upon 
the study of the law in the year 1613. He was only eighteen years old at the time. 
It is probable that he did not wait to be called to the Bar. for he decided shortly 
afterwards to give up his law studies for an even more ennobling pursuit, that of 
theology. He entered upon the work of his short but well spent life, at a peculiarly 
fitting time, for the fair field of English literature was not then overgrown with the 
ephemeral tares which are the bane of scholarship to-day. The Bible was sub- 
stantiaUy the only book in England at the time. But what a book it was and is. 
It was read and studied by all sorts and conditions of men. It was the classic, the 
source of inspiration for the English speaking race, from the sovereign down. 
Grotius, the great Jurist, who was the Dutch Envoy to England ten years after 
the death of Elizabeth, said : " Theology rules there, all point their studies in that 
direction." 

It is safe to say that the author was a Churchman and a Royalist judging from his 
thrusts at the Romanists on the one side, and the Puritans (Puritents he called them) 
on the other. He was a representative country gentleman of his time and believed 
in his Church and King. He died at the early age of thirty-one, and thus had no 
opportunity to take a hand in the struggle which was impending. Although bis 
grave is unknown, his poem constitutes a more enduring monument than any that 
the hand of man could raise ; it is a link connecting him — with all revercnc-e be it 
said — with his Creator. 

The first volume of "The Glasse of Time" commences with the beginning of 
existence, and treats mainly of the fall of man ; the second follows the dtscead- 
antsof Adam to the time of Noah. He promised to continue the story, but death c-alled 
him away, for upwards of a century and a half no knowledge existed of the poem, 
which turned up about eighty years ago. Tlie account of its finding reads like a 
fairy tale. The editor in his introduction says : " A copy of this book, elab-jrately 
bound in vellum, ornamented with gold, with coat of arms and regal device, illus- 
trated with curious cuts, and quaintly printed, had been kept in the posse-sijn of 
some English family, and was buried in the chest of an illiterate descendant until 
his recent death created a train of circumstances, which in the end placed the 
treasure before our eyes." Meanwhile Milton's " Paradise Lost," with its har- 
monious and sonorous numbers, had appeared. 

A thoughtful article by L.E. Dubois, entitled" An 'Inglorious Milton,' " came out 
in the North American Review for October, 1S60. The writer concludes that Milton 
used it in the preparation of the Paradise Iy>st, in short that his great work was 
not entirely original with him. Space will not allow to adduce parallel passages 
from Peyton and Milton. After a careful reading of this remarkable poem, I can 
safely say it contains many points of similarity with Milton. That the thtviogy 
of the two writers should be alike is not surprising, for Calvinism was deeply 
rooted in English theology at the time. But it is surprising that the scope and 
trend of the two poems should be the same, for I do not know that there was any 
other epic at the time to compare with either. There seem to be two ways of ex- 
plaining the dilemma. 1. That both writers used a common original. '2. That 
Milton used Peyton's work to a greater or less extent. It does not seem [.robable 
that the first hypothesis is a true one, for had ihey used a com.mon original ii> it 



1886.] Booh Notices. 227 

not very strange that no mention of it even has survived? To account for it on this 
ground would seem to be to introduce another difficulty. I draw my main argu- 
ment for the second hypothesis from internal evidence, and I submit that it i^s a 
very strong one. It niay have been made over by .Milton in much the same way 
that Bunyan made over the reveries of a pious medicevai monk into the Piiariin's 
Progress; as Shakspeare did some of the dramas that came to his hand ; as" Scott 
did the old romances that he found. It seems as if Milton must have drawn from 
the earlier poem to a greater or less extent. 

This poem is written in the quaint langua2;e and spelling of the period, and many 
of the words are obsolete. The style is terse and vigorous. If criticism of such a 
work is pardonable, I should say that it contains occasional passages which doubtless 
conformed to the canons of good taste in the seventeenth century, but would hardly 
do 60 in the nineteenth. The verse is not as polished as Milton's, but it contains 
thoughts worthy of an Ossian. I give a short extract below : 

" heavenly God ! why should we here below 

Trouble ourselves thy secrets past to know : 

When thy dread word which Thju from heaven hath sent, 

The world and all can give us scarce content, 

But still we strive and at thy secrets aim, 

Till Thou our reason in our Sense doth maime, 

Here is the glory of the eternal crowne, 

Mans earthly wisdom utterly throws downe." 
By Daniel Rollins, Esq., of Boston. 

Costume in England. A Historic of Dress to the End of the Eighteenth Century 
By the late F. \V. Fairholt, F.S.A. Third Eiition. Enlarged and thoroucrhly 
revised by the Hon. H. A. Dillon, F.S.A. Two Volumes." Vol. I.— Histr^ry ; 
' II.— Glossary. London ; George Bell and Sons. York St., Covent Garden, ISoo.' 
In 1846 the first edition of Mr. Fairholt's famous work on English Costum.e made 
its appearance, and in 1860 the distinguished author brought out the second edition 
filled with the garnerings of the fourteen years that had passsd. For a quarter of 
a century this edition has been the hand book of historical students until its sear- 
city, and the continual supply of new and important material, brought to light by 
various writers, and the many reprints of scarce tracts by the societies, have fur- 
nished sufficient reasons for a revised edition. Mr. Fairholt being deceased, the t.'.sk 
of editmg the new work was entrusted to Mr. H. A. Dillon, F.S.A., who brinirs to 
his labor the zeal and intelligence of the true antiquary. It is indeed a monument 
of extensive research into the nooks and crannies of early literature, and is a wor- 
thy companion of tho=e works it so much resembles in minuteness of description 
and reference— Brand's " Popular Antiquities " and Strutt's " Sports and Pas- 
times.'' The work is admirably arranged for intelligent understanding of the sub- 
jects discussed, by a division into periods, Britons, Danes, Saxons, Normans, Phn- 
tagenets, Tudors, Stuarts, etc., so that the development of dress is seen in chron-> 
logical sequence as a whole, rather than by an examination of the component parts 
0^ dress through various gradations. The Stuart period is of especial interest to 
the ^ew England antiquaries, as it furnishes a sround for comparison with the 
dress of the emigrants to this country during that time, and will be an excellent 
guide to that future student in our midst whj shall write for us, what we all h joe 
to see, a view of the social life in the colonies. Seven hundred engravings amply 
Illustrate the text, and the Glossary, occupying an entire volume, is at once a dic- 
tionary and an index to the work. The hand of Mr. Dillon is seen throu^^h the 
whole in the addition of text, elaboration of notes and the collation of thousands of 
valuable references. 
By Charles E. Banks, M.D., of Chelsea, Mass. 

Report of (he Commissioner of Education for the year 1883- '8t. Washinf^ton • Gov- 
ernment Printing Office. 1885. 8vo. pp. ccIiii.-|-943. ° 
A very well arranged classification of the condition and methods of the schools of 
the cities and towns of the United States of 7,500 inhabitants and over, is pre^ea:^ 
in this volume, ihe report proper, which is the fourteenth annual one, of the present 
commissioner Gen John Laton, embraces nearly one fourth of the contents.' To 
thisis appended abstracts of the official reports' of the School Officers of stat,^= 
temtontis and citie«, which form another quarter of the work. The remaining 



.f'/ 






,228 Booh Notices. [April, 

half is devoted to statistics comprised in twenty-five tables, the whole terminating 
with an index. In the statistical portion, not only the ordinary school institutions 
of the several states are tabulated, but those for the deaf, dumb and blind, asylums 
for feeble-minded children, universities and colleges, kinder;rarten, reform schools, 
schools of law, science, theology, industry and commerce, and other systems of 
education are represented. The work ha.s been prepared on a systematic and 
comprehensive basis, and is a valuable authority for those proposing to write on 
educational subjects. 

By Oliver B. SteUnns, Esq., of South Boston, Mass. 

Memoires de UAcadcmie des Sciences Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres de Toulouse, 
• Huitieme Scrie. Tome V^II. Deuxieme semestre. 8vo. pp. 436. Toulouse: 

Jmprimerie DouIadoure=Privat. 

This valuable half-yearly volume of the learned Academy of Toulouse presents the 
text of a series of papers, within the scope of the different classes of its members, 
which are of especial interest to scholars and students in such departments. The 
mathematician finds two deep and abstruse papers, on " Canonical Equations " and 
"Surfaces of Eevolution " ; the botanist, an article on the "Flora of the Py- 
renees," and another on the '' Partition of the Axes " ; the naturalist, a disquisi- 
tion on " the Equality of Intelligence between the Sexes of the Human Race " ; 
the meteorologist, studies of the " Storms of ISs^S in the Haute Garonne " ; the 
historian and the philologist, critical essays upon "Pioger Ascham," " Catullus," 
and eight unedited letters of " Madame Maintenon " ; and the chemist, "Re- 
searches on the Persulphide of Hydrogen." Add to these a series of eulogies upon 
the deceased members of the preceding year, and one recognizes the activity of this 
prominent society among the learned bodies of Europe, its wealth of illustrious 
savants, and the contribution it is constantly making to science and learning in 
scholarly and exhaustive essays. 

By George A. Gordon, A.M., of Somerville, Mass. 

Address before the Essex Bar Association, December 8, 1885. By "William D. 

NoRTQEND. From the Historical Collections of the Essex Institute. Vol. XXII. 

Salem, 1685. 6vo. pp. 59. 

This address is of much historical value and interest, containing as it does a care- 
fully prepared summary of the history of the courts of Massachusetts from the 
3ays of Winthrop and Dudley to the commencement of the last century. The vari- 
ous changes from the original Court of A.ssistant3 to the courts under the charter of 
1692, and finally to the present sj'stem, are here presented in a clear and comprehen- 
sive form, and some insight is given us into the methods of procedure in the time 
of the witchcraft trials. There are brief notices of many noted men who have 
practised at the bar of Essex County, and at the close of the pamphlet is appended 
a lL«t of the members of that bar to the present time. The historical notes add 
much to the value of the address, which is worthy a more extended notice than 
space will permit us to give. 

By George K. Clarke, LL.B., of Necdham, Mass. 

Inauguration of the Statue of Lafayette.— Presentation and Reception of Bartholdi's 

Statue of Liberty Enlightening the World, Paris, July ^, 188-1. Paris: Printed 

by Waterlow k Sons. 1834. Sm. 8vo. pp. 22. 
Mr, Morton in France.— The Inauguration at Paris of the Original Mode! of '-Lib- 
. erty Enlightening the World,''' May I3th, 1685. — The Farewell Dinner gi ten by the 

Americans in Paris, May [ith, 1885. Paris; The Gallignani Library. 1SS5. 

8vo, pp. 52. ■ ' 

The first of these two pamphlets is devoted to the proceedings at two important 
ceremonies in France, — the unveiling of a bronze statue of Gen. Lafayette at Le 
Pay in Haute Loire, Sept. 6, 1833, and the presentation by the Count de Lesseps, 
^and the reception by the Hon. Levi P. Morton, the United States }ilinister to France 
at Paris, July 4, 1884, of Bartholdi's colossal statue of " Liberty Enlightening the 
.World." Addresses on the furmer occasion were made by Mr. Morton, M. Wal- 
deck-Rouseeau, as the representative of President Grevy, and Senator Edmond de 
Lafayette, grandson of Gen. Lafayette ; and on the latter by M. de Lesseps and Mr. 
Morton. 

In. the second pamphlet the proceedings on two other interesting occasions are 



1886.] Booh Notices. 229 

given, namely, at tlie innii^nnition at Pari?, May 13, 1SS5, of a reproduction in 
bronze of the orisinal Model of liartholdi"s famous statue, which had been^cast for 
American citizens for presentation to the people of France; and at a Farewell 
Dinner the iolbwiny; day. May U, 1SS5, given by bis countrymen in Paris, to Mr. 
Morton, then about to "leave France to "return home alter ably representing his 
government for four years at that court. On the furmer occasion, Mr. .Morton made 
the presentation spee'ch, and was replied to by M. Brieson, president of the Council 
of Ministers, M. Eoue, president of the Muuicipal Council, M. de Lesseps and 
Senator Lafayette. On the latter occasion speeches were made by Mr. Johu 
Munroe, who' presided at t!ie banquet, Mr. Edmond Kelly of the Paris and New 
York bar, Mr. Mort'-<n, M. Floquet, president of the Cha-nber of Deputies. Hon. 
Robert M. McLane, Mr. .Mort.jn's successor as minister of France, M. Ptene Cyoblet, 
minister of public Instruction, Consul General George Walker, Senator Lafayette 
and the Marquis da Rochambeau. A brilliant asseuibly of celebrities was present 
on these several occasions. The addresses showed how acceptable Mr. Morton had 
made himself not only to his own countrymen, but also to the government and 
people of France. 

Some Account of the Worshipful Company of Painters, otherwise Painier-Slaimrs. 

Imprinted at the Chiswick Press, London. 1880. 8vo. pp. 22. 

" The Company of Paintcr-Stainers," we are told in this pamphlet "is of con- 
siderable antiquity. According to Horace Walpole, their first Charter, in which 
they are atyled P^rntours, w.ai granted in the sixth of King £dwa.rd IV., but 
they exiitei as a fraternity in the time of King Edward IlL They were called 
Pa3'nter-Stayners because a picture on canvass was formerly called a stained cluth, 
as one on panel was called a table, probably from the French ' tableau.' " Their 
present charter was granted by Queen Elizabeth, and bears date July 19, 15SI. 
The pre^^ent Painters' Hall, which was finished about 16tl9, "stands on the site of 
old Painters' Hall, once the residence of Sir John Browne, Sergeant Paynter to 
King Henry VIIL," which building was burnt in the Great Fire of London in 166G. 
Extracts from the records of the Company relating to this and other matters are 
here printed. 

Two signs used in the last century in Boston, bearing the arms of the London 
Painter-Stainers Company, and called the *' Painters' Arms," are preserved. The 
arms of this company are "thus blazoned in Burke's General Armory : " Quarterly, 
1st and 4th, az., three escutcheons ar. ; 2d and 3d, az. a chev. betw. three phcenix 
heads erased or. Crest — A phoenis close or, in flames ppr. Supporters — Two Icupards 
ar. spotted with various colors, ducally crowned, collared and chained or. Motto — 
Amor et obedientia.'' The earliest of these signs is now let into the wall of the 
Hanover street front of the building at the corner of Hanover and Marshall streets. 
The motto on the sign is "Amor queat [sic] obedediencia.'' Above the arms is 
** 17 ^^^ 01." "Whose initials these are is unknown to me, as is also the history of 
the sign. The other .=ign, which bears the date 1755, is now at the rooms of the Bos- 
tonianSi:>ciuty, but :s said to have been hung on a building in the vicinit}' of the pre- 
sent ScoUay square. It has neither supporters, crest nor motto. The tradition is that 
it was brought to this country by Christopher Gore, afterwards governor of Jlassa- 
chusetLs ; but as he was a lawyer, and was ni.^t born till three years after the date 
on this sign, it is more probable that it was brought here by his father, John Gore, 
who was a painter of mature age at that date. The latter is supposed to have been 
the owner of the '" Gore Roll of Arms." printed by Mr. Whitmore in his " Ele- 
ments of Heraldry, " pa^es ftO to 94, from a copy of the original roll made by the 
late Ifcaac Child, E^q., which copy now belongs t*) the Historic Genealogical Society. 

Genealogical Record of Condit Family, Descendants of John Condit, who settled in 
Nctcark, N. J., 1G78 — ISSj. Also an Appendix containing a Brief Record of the 
Harrison, Williams, Pierson, Smith, Lindsley, Munn and Whitehead Families. 
Jiy JoTUAM H. CoxniT [Brick Church, New Jersey], and Eben Condit, Jersey 
[Licking Co., Ohio]. Newark. N. J. : Printed and published by Ward &Tichenor. 
1855. pp. 410. Limited Edition. $4.00. 

Two members of the Condit family have rendered royal service in preserving the 
genealogy and history of their tril.>e. They descend frum John Cunditt, who came in 
1G7S and settled in Nevrark, New Jersey. He is the ancestor of nearly all of the 
name in the country to-day. He died in 1713. He had one son who grew to man- 

VOL. XL. 21 



230 Book Notices. [April, 

hood, Peter, by first wife, and horn in England. Peter married, 1695, Hilary, 
daiiu^literorSamueP ilarris.,n [Kiehard,- Richard'], byv.-buia he had seven eliiUren, 
gis uf whom were sons, namely, fe^amuel, Peter, John, Nathaniel, Philip and L.uic. 
Peter died in 1714, the year following his father. Prom these six sous descends 
the lamily of to-day. 

Bj, the Rev. Anson Ti/ns, ofAmeslury, Mass. 

The Antiquary: A Majazine devoted to the Study cf the Past. London: Elliot 
t>tock, 6-2 Paternostor Kow. Mew York: Uavid G. Francis, 17 Astor Place. 
Published I^lonthly. .Medium -Ito. 4 1 pages to a number. Price one shilling 
eacli. Mr. Francis will furnish the work to American sub.scribers at $3.50 a 
5"car, or 30 cts. a number including postage. 

The numbers of this magazine for January, February and March are before us, 
and show that it is a valuable aid not only to the antiquary but to the genealo:rist 
also. American readers will tind much in its pages in which they have a common 
interest with those of England. Besides articles on antiquarian subjects, the result 
of great research, there are here reports of the meetings of English Antiquarian 
Societies, reviews of antiquarian books, antiquarian news, obituaries and other 
matters of interest. Some of the best antiquarian writers contribute to the 
magazine. 

The History of Farmington, Franklin Co., Maine, from the Earliest Explorations 

to the Present Tune. 177(1— 18S5. By Franxis Gould Butler, Member of the 

Maine ilisturical Society. Farmington : Knowlton, McLeary & Co., Printers. 

1685. 8vo. pp. 683. Price ,^3.25. Illustrated with Portraits and Views. 

The author, the lion. Mr. Butler, is a native of Farmington, and has always 
resided there. From early manhood to the present time he has been identified with 
all Its leading interests. Xo person could have been better situated to collect the 
material for this work than himself. He tells us, hov.-ever, in the preface, that 
it was not until he was approaching his seventy-hrst birthday in lbB3, that he 
seriously undertook the preparation ot this history. That he must have been dili- 
gent and indefatigable in his etibrts to accomplish iiis purpose, during the two j'ears 
he has devoted to this work, these 348 pages of General History and nearly the same 
number of pages of Genealogy, plainly indicate. 

This is literally a Farmington book. It has not only been written there by a na- 
tive-born citizen, but the printing has also been done there, and docs great credit 
to the 6rm from wiiose press the volume has been issued. The senior partner of 
this firm is also a native of the town, whose ancestors have been long and favorably 
known there. 

The Introductory Chanter of this history informs its readers what so many town 
histories fail to do, where the place is located concerning which the book has been 
written. The account of early explorations, the difficulty experienced by the pio- 
neers in obtaining titles to their lands, because of the disputed boundaries of the ter- 
ritory chimed by the K'.nnebeo or Plymouth Company, wi:li a full account of the 
Colburn Association, make the next lew pages deeply interesting. The conclusion 
of the author relative to the time of the hnal departure from the vicinity of Sandy 
Kiver, and the destination, of the Indian (Pierpole or Pealpole), is probably incor- 
rect. The copy of an original document bearing his signature and addressed to the 
General Court of Massachusetts, brought before the house of representatives in Feb- 
ruary, ISOI, was published in the '* W'ilton Record" some time since. In this 
document it is plainly told that Pealpole's relatives live in Canada, that he desires 
to go there in order to live near them, and also to be able to attend on the observ- 
ances of his own religion. 

The permanent Bettlements were begun at Farmington in 1781, and increa-^ed 
quite rapidly alter the close of the Revolutionary War. The early settlers were prin- 
cipally from Dunstable, .Mass., Damariscotta, Me., and vicinity. About 17U0, 1792 
and later, a number of families from Martha's Vineyard settled in the place. The 
township never had a plantation organization, but was incorporated as a town in 
1794. In l&OO the numt)er of inhabitants had increased to 912. In 1810 every lot 
•within the limits of the town had been taken up. The pioneers very early took an 
interest in the subject of education, and the author asserts that it is not known 
there was an illiterate person among the first .settlers ; and considers it doubtful if 
there has ever bcin an adult native-born citizen unable to vvritc his own name or 
read a clause in the constitution. 



1886.] BooJc Notices. 231 

Much care has been taken to record the military history of the town in entire 
conip!(tenc.-;3. Faniiin^ton iiiav well be proud of her war recoril. 

A chrouoloiiiical table of incidents has been arranged, which occupies twenty 
pa"-es. As Fa'rmin^jton is the shire town of Franklin Coanty. a hi.-tory of the (or- 
iiit^- noce.-sarily inoiudes mure or less of the latter, lu the appeudix is a complete 
list of the county officers, with dates of terms of office since the incorporation of the 
county in Is-Ss. _ 1 1 i. 

Parker's History of Farmini^ton, published in 1S4G, contains facts that could not 
now be found, and iMr. Eutler aeknowledL^s his indebtedness to that work. It 
is prefumed, however, that he did nut Lave access to the valuable histori<.-al mate- 
rial cuncerning Fanuincton cjUeeteJ by the late FiCV. Jusiaii S. Swift, aa no 
mention is made of any such authority having been consulted. This is to be 
regretted, as it is probable no person in Franklin County is in the possession ot so 
much historical data concerning this town as was Mr. Swift. His decease, which 
occurred at Wilton, Me., March 20, 16^3, prevented the further publicatiun of the 
Franklin Historical Magazine, of which only two numbers had been issued. Mr. 
Swift was publishing this magazine as an appendix to Parker's History. It is 
hoped the memoranda left by him concerning the tuwus in Franklin County, Me., 
will at some time, in the not far distant future, be arranged and printed. 

Great care has been devoted by ^Iv. Butler to the genealogical jMirtion of his 
book. It is arranged after the method adopted in the History of Kindge, N._H. 
The author has endeavored to give the ancestry of each family mentiuned, ot which 
there are ei^-hty-nne. This has rc'iuirtd extensive rLScarch. but has met with 
marked success. In addition a biographical sketch is given of each head of a fam- 
ily who was an early settler in the town, and of many of their descendants. The 
Genealogy occupies 3-35 pages. The book is faithfully indexed, but the proof-reading 
in this department was somewhat neirlected. 

By Mrs. A. C. Pratt, of Chdsta, Mass. 

Truro Baptisms llll-laOO. By John IIarvet Tre-\t. Lawrence: James Ward, 

Jr. 18S6. 8vo. pp. 66. Price ^jjl, post free. Address J. H. Treat, Lawrence, 

Mass. 

" The records of the ancient church of Eastham, Cape Cod," Mr. Treat informs 
us in his preface, " are entirely lost, and the church itself has become extinct. The 
records of the churches at \Vellfleet and Orleans, formerly precincts of East.iam. are 
also lost." The adjoining town of Truro, which was settled mostly by emigrants 
from Eastham, is more fortunate. Its church records "are in a perfect state of 
preservation, except that, in a few instances, the ink has faded somewhat, so that 
the writing is rendered obscure." 

Mr. Treat is de.-ervinir of much credit for his labor of love in copying these valua- 
ble records, and having them printed in so acceptable a style. Only a small edi- 
tion is printed, and the price asked for the work will hardly pay the expenses of 
publication. 

The Narrarjansitf Fort Fi^ht, Dccoiiber 19, IC75. By Rev. George M. Bodge, A.M. 

Boston: Privately printed. 1SS6. 8vo. pp. 2L With Map. A few copies for 

pale by G. E. Littletield, 67 Cornhill, B<jston. Price 50 cts. 

The siries of articles on the Soldiers of Kin? Philip's War, which Mr. Bodge is 
contributing to the Register, are acknowledged to be a positive contribution to the 
history of what has been called '"one of tiie most thrilling periods in the early 
history of New En::laiid." Ptrhaf*s the most interesting of these valuable articles is 
that giving a hi.-tory of Narragansctt Fort Fight, which appeared in the January 
number. A small edition of this article ha^: been printed for distribution to his 
friends by the author, the Rev. George 2^1. Bodge, of East Boston. 

The Public Records of the Colony of Connecticut from May, 1763, to May, 1772, 
inclu.^ice. Transcribed and edited in accordance with a Resolution of the General 
Ah^embly, by Cxiakles J. HoAOLy. .^tate Librarian. Hartiord : Press of the Case, 
Lockwood So Brainard Company. ISSb. svo. pp. 6S'.». 

This is Volume thirteen of the Connecticut Colonial Recordp, the last number 
having been publishe<l four years since, and the first of the series thirty-five years 
ago. Jt is not known that tiie .journals of either Hou^e are in exi-tence for the 
years 176,^-72, but the journal of the Council, from May, 1770, to May, 1772. is 
here contained. These reoonls ^re of great vulue to tijo hi-torian and tiie genealo- 



232 Booh JSFotices. [April, 

gist, containinn; as they do a large number of petitions and memorials relating to 
tlie settlement of estates aud the private affairs of individuals, matters which do not 
now commonly receive the attention of the leijislature. Comparatively few general 
lavrs are found in this volume, but there is a large amount of matter relating to the 
appointment of military and other officers, together with complete lists of the exe- 
cutive and legi?lative otfieers of the pt-riod. In May, 1771, a resolve was passed re- 
questing Gov. Trumbull to collect the public letters and pai^ers relating to the col- 
ony, and to have them bound together. The note on page 424 gives some account 
of these papers, a large number of which were presented in 1794 by David Trum- 
bull, son of the governor, to the Massachusetts Historical Society, and form the 
Trumbull Collection. 

The volume is ably edited, well indexed and handsomely printed. 

By George K. Clarke, LL.B., of Needliam, Mass. 

Letters of John, Lord Cutts to Colonel Joseph Dudley, then Lieutenant Governor of 
the Isle of Wight, afterwards Governor of Massachusetts, 1693-1700. Cambridge : 
John Wilson & Son, University Press. 1886. 8vo. pp. 31. 

This is a reprint from the Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society, of 
remarks made before that Society Jan. 14, ISSH. by Robert C. Winthrop, Jr., A.M., 
with the letters in full to which they relate and of which extracts were read by Mr. 
"Winthrop at the meeting. They throw light upon a period of Gov. Joseph Dudley's 
life of which little has heretofore been known, and show the intimate relation be- 
tween Dudley and Lord Cutts. Dudley was probably the first native of America 
who sat in the British House of Commons. This distinction has been claimed for 
Henry Cruger, a native of New York,' who was chosen a member in 1774. but 
Dudley was a member about three quarters of a century earlier. Mr. Winthrop 
deserves credit for the manner in which he has brought out these letters, and the 
careful editing he has given them. A heliotvpe copy of a portrait of Gov. Dudley 
belonging to "Mr. Winlhrop's father, the Hon. Robert C. Winthrop, LL.D., and 
which gives a truer idea ot the man than the usual engravings from the Gilbert 
portrait, embellishes the pamphlet. 

Notes on St. Boto'ph, ivilhout Aldergate, London. By John Staples, F.S.A. 

Printed for Private Circulation. 1681. 8vo. pp. 52. 

The occasion which caused Alderman Staples to prepare this account of the 
Church of St. Botolph and the ancient fraternities established in it, is stated to 
have been the opening, on the 2Sth of October, 1880, of the garden formerly reserv- 
ed as the burial place of the Church, for the recreation of tlie public. In these pro- 
ceedings the author took part and delivered an historical address, which is the 
foundation of this book. The church is first mentionevl by name in 1279 in a writ 
of Edward I., but is much older. There were three Fraternities, or Brotherhoods, 
or Gilds, founded in this church, namely, those of the Holy Trinity, of St. Kathe- 
rine, and of St. Fabian and St. Sebastian, and they all date back to The fourteenth 
century. Many facts of historical and antiquarian intere-;t concerning the church 
and the several fraternities have been collected by Alderman Staples and preserved 
in these pages. 

Appended is an account of St. Botolph and Botolph's to'ivn or B-oston, whence our 
Mas.sachusett3 city of Bo-ton derives its name. Concerning the hi.^tory of St. B.> 
tolph and the time in which he lived, authorities differ, one placing him in the sec- 
ond and another in the eighth century. Few English saints have been more hon- 
ored. Four parishes in London, and many churches throughout the country are 
called after him. 

An Historical Sketch, Guide Book and Prospectus of Cw^hing's Island. By Wil- 
liam M. Sargent, A.^L New York: American Photo-Eag. Co. ISBG. Small 
8vo. pp. 96. Price 25 eta. 

We take pleasure in transferring to our pages from the Portland Transcript the 
following notice of this work, prepared from advance sheets : 

"The author has shown indefatigable research in compiling an authentic history 
of our city and vicinity, and his data in relation to the original settlement on Casco 
Bay, which he locates on what is now known as Cushing's Island, instead of upon 
the main land, will sustain critical examination. The book is very attractively 
printed and arranged, and freely embellished by cuts, by the American Photo-En- 
graving Company, of iiigu merit. !Many of these are from sketc!ies by Mr. John 
Calvin Stevetts, whose auccess as au artist is bringing him into prominence, and 



./. .?.^ .LSSitrtK v^jfjL ?fl .r..'.,«i<.A 



'liJdti .''-.-1 .J .jj))il-u;oiri ..„..;, 



. \f: ■.t;\--\ \ 



1886.] Booh J^otices. 233 

others are designed from faithful ]5hotoi;raphs of the natural scenery. Besides con- 
tributing greatly to the attractiveness of the book, they will accurately represent 
to the distant reader the eliarmiiig enviruns uf the I>lund, which, to be appreciated, 
need but tu bo 6ecn. !Mr. i;an::eijt has l>cea happy iu liis descriptions, and wiiile 
omitting to mention none of the marked features of scenic beauty, directs attention 
to many a lesser charm that might have easily escaped the notice of a writer less 
enamored of his sulyect. A particularly gracclul teature of the arrangemt-nt is 
the appropriate lines of verse accompanying each illustration, v.iiich have not been 
taken haphazard, Ijut evidence, in their employment, a tine discrimination. One 
part of the book sets forth the steady advance in building on the Island, which has 
proceeded on an unakeralde plan for permanency, and Ireedom from objectionable 
features such as have given to less wisely conducted settleuients a short-lived pros- 
perity, and justly portrays Cushiug's Lland as the most desirable site possessed by 
any summer colony." 

Education. A Mnnlhli/ Marjazine. Devoted to the Science, Art, Philosophy and 

Literature of Education. William A. iMowry, Editor. Boston: William A. 

^lowry, Publisher, No. 3 Somerset Street. Published Monthly. 8vu. pp. lOS 

each number. Price $3 a year. Single numbers 35 cts. 

This periodical was commenced as a bi-monthly in September, 18S0, by the New 
England Publishing Company, under the editorship of the ilon. Thomas W . Bick- 
nell, LL.D. It was noticed by us in January, 18S2. It has proved an efScient aid 
in advancing the cause of education in this country, and a valuable addition to the 
hightr order of educational literature. In January last, William A. Mowry. Ph.D., 
became l;oth editor and publislier of the magazine, and tlie numbers, for January, 
February and March, which have been issued by him, prove his scholarship and 
ability to meet the needs of his readers. 

Wa/ford's Antiquarian ; a Mfioatine and Biographical Review. Edited by Edward 

Walford, M.A. London: Geori:e Redway, 15 York Street, Covent Garden, J. 

^Y. Bouton, Agent for America, 7l)G Broadway, New York. Published monthly. 

8vo. 43 pages to a number. Price one shilling each. 

This periodical, which has before been favorably noticed by us, still maintains its 
interest for the antiquarian student, not only in tlie English dominions, but in the 
United States also. The several numbers, of which the latest received is that for 
March, contain carefully prepared articles by di^tinguished antiquarian writers on 
antiquities, archaiology, bibliography and kindred subjects. Here the doings of 
the learned societies of Great Britain are reported, recent antiquarian books re- 
viewed, obituaries of prominent personages preserved, and the latest antiquarian 
news furnished. 

Records of the Descendants of Xathaniel Ely the Emigrant, who Settled first in Ncw- 
toirn, ?ioto Carnbridye, Mass., xcas one of t/'ie First S'Jtiers of Hartford, also :\or- 
waU:, Conn., and a Rtsident of Sj^jruujjidd, Mass., from Wb'd until his Death in. 
1675. Compiled by Heman Elt. Inciudinir material collected by Mrs. Amand^t 
(Ely) Terry. CleveUmd, Uliio : Short and Eorman, Printers. loS5. Imp. 4to. 
pp.515. Edition, 500 Copies. Price in cloth, §7 ; in half morocco, $8. If sent 
by mail, 55 cts. extra. 

The Marshall Family, or a Genealoyical Chart of the Descendants of John Marshall 
and Elizabeth Markham his Wife. Sketches of Individuals and S'otices of Fami- 
lies connected with them. By W. M. Paxto.v, Platte City, Mo. Cincinnati: 
Robert Clarke & Co. ISsS. 8vo. pp. 415. With a folding Genealogical Chart. 

Genenlorjical Memoir of the Cunnabell, ConaUeor Connable Family. John Cunnahdl 
of London, England, and Boston, Massachusetts, and his Descendants, 105Q-I^~G. 
By Edwards J. Conxable, of Jackson, Mich., and Joijn B. Newcomi!, of Elgin, 
111. Jackson, Mich. : Daily Citizen Book Printing House. 1886. S'io. pp. 183 
-j-4. Price .s-.SO, delivered free. 

The Joseph Kimball Family : a Genealogical Memoir of the Ascendants and Descend- 
ants of Joseph Kindjall of Canttroury, N. U. Ttn Giiierations. 1634-1>?85. Com- 
piled by JouN KiMUALL, A.M., Member of tlie N. II. Historical Society. Con- 
cord, N. II. : Printed by the Republican Press Association. 1835. 8vo. pp. 103. 

Lee Family. Quarter Millenial Gathering of the Descendants and Kiiism<'n of John 
Lie, one of the Early Setlh^rs of Farinington, Conn., held in Hartjord, Coim,, 
VOL. XL. 21* 



234 Booh JSfotices. [April, 

Tuesday and Wednesday, Aufj. blh and 6lh, 18S4. Meriden : Eepublican Steam 

Print. iSSo. Svo. pp. 116. 
Cfv.rnlo^irnl Sketch of the yova Scotia Batons. Compiled by Rev. Arthur Went- 

■svoRTU Eato.v. llalifai, N. IS. : Printed at the Morning Herald Office. 1SS5. 

Pvoy. bvo. pp. 12S. 
A Private Proof printed in Order to Preserve certain matters connected uith the 

Boston branch of the Perkins Family. Intended only as an Indicatiori of the Best 

Points of Future Inv£sli(jation. Boston: T. K. Marvin & Son, Printers. 1SS5. 

Svo. pp. 29. 
The SiirJiames and Coats of Arms of the Wil/iamses, with an Account of Robert 

Williams of Rocbury and Some of his Descendants. Compiled by A. D. Weld 

French. Privately Printed. 18S6. Svo. pp. 26-f 2. 
A Sketch of the Life and Character of Dea. Joshua Vpham of Salem, Mass. To 

xchich are appended a Sketch of his First Wife, his Ancestral History and a Genea- 

loqical List of his Descendants. By Prof. James Upham, D.D. Boston, Mass. 

1885. 12mo. pp.SO. 
Genealogical ISotes, showing} the Paternal Line of Descent from William Torrey of 

Combe St. Nicholas, Somerset County, England, A.D. 1557, to Jason Torrey of 

Bethany, Penn^a, with the Descendants of Jason Torrey and his Brother and Sis- 
ter to A.D. 16S4. Compiled by Joun Tokret. Scranton, Pa. : James S. ilorton. 

Printer and Publisher. 1865. 8vo.pp.50+2. 
Hutchins Genealogy. Compiled by Charles Hctchins. Boston: 1885. Svo. pp. 16. 
Genealogy oj the Ancestors and Descendants of Joseph Chase who died in Swanzey. 

His ivill proved March, 1725. Pall River : Printed by William S. Robertson. 

1874. Svo. pp. 66. 
Genealogy of the Andrews Family. By Lieut. George Andrews, U.S.A., of Fort 

Snelling, Min. 1866. Svo. pp. S. 
The Wiswall Family of America. Four Generations. By the Rev. Axsox Titus, 

of Amesbury, Mass. 1666. 8vo. pp. 4. 

We continue in this number our notices of genealo,2:icaI works recently issued. 

The Ely genealogy which heads our list, is by the Hon. lleiuan Ely, of Elyria, 
Ohio. It seems to have been compiled with the utmost thoroughness, and has been 
brought out in a costly and highly satisfactory manner. The emigrant ancestor of 
this family was Nathaniel Ely, who died at Springfield, Dec. 25, 1675. He 
probably came to this cuuntry in 1634. On the 6th of ^May, 1635, he was admitted 
by the General Court a freeman of Massachusetts. At that time he probably resided 
at Cambridge. The Rev. Thomas Houker and about one hundred of his parishioners 
it is well known removed from Cambridge to Hartford, Ct., and .Mr. Ely is supposed 
to have gone with them, as he is subsequently found in that town. He afterwards 
removed to Norwalk, Ct., and in 1659 to Springfield, Mass., where the rest of his 
life was spent. The Eoirlish ancestry of this family has not been positively traced ; 
but the late Col. Chester made a thurough investigation of the subject, and gives 
strong reasons for believing that Nathaniel of SpringfJLld was a son of Rev. Na- 
thaniel Ely, and grandson of the Rev. George Ely, vicar of Tenterden in Kent from 
1571 to 1615, the date of his death. Cul. Chester's letter to the author, dated Nov. 
19, 1681, only six months before his death, tills more than three of the large pages 
of this volume, and gives an interesting account of the result of his investigations 
into the history of the Ely family in England. The families of both Rev. George 
Ely and his son Nathaniel are given in detail. Nathaniel, s.jn of the latter, was 
probably born as early as 1602. After giving his reasoas. Col. Chester proceeds : 
" I cannot in my own mind resL-t the conviction that he was identical with the 
Nathaniel Ely who appeared in New England about 1634. Of course, there is no 
absolute proof, but this group of facts is strongly sugirestive." The book before us 
is arranged in a clear style, and Ls handsomely printed and bound. It is illustrated 
with numerous portrait--, some elegant steel engravings, and many fine phototypes ; 
besides autographs and other engravings. The volume is an honor to a family 
which can boa^t of many distinguished personages, and is a credit to its author. 

The Marshall genealogy is devoted to families who trace their ancestry to 
Virginia, Maryland and Kentucky. The author says : " This work is intended for 
a book of reference. To this end it is furnished with an ample in^ieA. I have dealt 
in facta rather than panegyric, i have flattered no one, and have written nothing in 
malice. It ba.s been a lal>or of love, and my expenses have been freely contributed. 



188G.] Booh Notices. 235 

Though pecuniary assistance has been proffered, I have accepted nothin;?." The 
book contains a large collection of facts relating to the Marshalls, and must have 
cost the author a great deal of labor. The chart the autliur thinks " combines more 
advantages than any form iieret-jfore used." Besides the full index to the book 
there is a separate index to the Chart. 

The Cunnabeil genealogy contains a genealogy of the descendants of John Cun- 
nabel of Boaton, ^lass., and much other matter of interest to persons of the name 
and blood. The origin of the work is this. " About twenty-live years ago, liev. 
Joseph Conable Tiiomas, then a student at Evanston, 111., and John B. Newcomb 
of Elgin, 111., commenced collecting genealogy and other data" concerning this 
family. Mr. Newcomb, who has since become known as an indefatigable worker in 
the field of genealogy, continued to collect matter as opportunit3' otl'ered. In 1S33, 
Edwards J. ConnaV^le of Jackson, ^lich., became interested in the history of his ances- 
tors, and the two having combined their labors, the result is the present very satis- 
factory book. It is chiedy through the instrumentality of ^Ir. Connable of Jackson 
that the facta in this volume have been placed beyond the reach of destruction, ile 
has done a large amount of gratuitous work, besides contributing liberally in the 
expenditure. '" Mr. Newcomb collected the data relating to the earlier gencrationa 
and history of the family, and all respecting the Nova tjcotia branch ; also prepared 
the maps for the engraver and the manuscript for the printer." The work bears 
evidence of faitiiful research, and is well arranged and liandsomely printed. A 
view of the residence of Samuel Connable of Beruardstun, ^hiss., erected 1739, and 
standing till 1770, faces the title. A plan showing tiie residences of John, the 
emigrant, and a son and a grandson in Boston, and a map showing the residences 
of a number of his descendants in Bernardston and Berlin, with numerous auto- 
^aphs, illustrate the book. It has a folding tabular pedigree ; and excellent 
indexes are furnished. 

The Kimball genealogy is devoted to the ancestry and descendants of Joseph 
Kimball, who was born at Exeter. N. H., May 23, 1772, settled at Canterbury and 
died in Gilmanton, June 19, 1SG3. aged 91. He was a descendant of Richard^ 
Kimball, who came to New England in 1G31, and settled first at Watertown and 
afterwards at Ipswich, where he died June 22, 1675, aged 80 ; through Richard,- 
Caleb,' John* and Joseph^ his father. The book is compiled with care, is hand- 
somely printed, is illustrated with portraits on steel of the lion. John Kimball 
(the author) and Benjamin A. Kimhall, both of Concord, N. il., and William S. 
Kimball of Rochester, N. Y. : and has full indexes. 

The Lee book gives the proceedings at the quarter millenial gathering at Hartford 
in August, lbS4. A great deal of historical and biographical matter is here pre- 
served. The volume is well printed and embellished with a map of Hartford in 
1640, and numerous portraits on stone. The early generations of this family were 
printed in the Registek for October, 1574, and a full L'-enealogy by Sarah M. Lee, 
which appeared in 1878, was noticed by us in July, 1879. 

The Eaton genealogy is by the Rev. Mr. Eaton of New York city. The ancestor 
of the Nova Scotia Batons, to whom this Ijook is devoted, was David Eaton, born at 
Haverhill, Mass., April 1, 1729, and died in Cornwallis, N. S., July, 17, 1803. He 
was the fifth generation in descent from John Eaton the emigrant, who settled at 
SalisVjury, Mass., as early as 1640; through Thomas,- Jonatlian' and his father 
James.* An introductory sketch- by the Rev. William H. Eaton, D.D,. of Keene, 
N. n., gives the genealogy previous to David, ^ who settled in Nova Scotia. Tne 
descendants of David are here fully carried out. Appended is an account of the 
Eaton Association, with a list of its officers for 1684-5. The volume is well printed 
and has a good index. 

The Perkins book is fully described in its title page. It is by Augustus T. 
Perkins of Boston, who says in his preface : " After much reflection, I have de- 
termined to give an account of such traditions of our family as 1 have heard, and of 
such as I have had investigated for me, although 1 know them to be far from com- 
plete and in some ways inaccurate." .Mr. Perkins has acted wisely in pre-erving 
in print these traditions of his family. With them he has combined the result of 
some of his researches on the same subject. The wurk is handsomely printed. 

Mr. French's book on the WiUiamses is a useful compilation for those of tlie name. 
It gives the origin of the name, descriptions of the various coats of arms b^rne by 
"WiUiamses, arranged under their principal charges, and brief accounts of Robert 
"Williams of Ruxbury, and some others of the name iu New England. The volume 
is well printed. 



236 Recent Publications. [April, 

The Uphara book is bv the Rev. James Upham, D.D., of Chelsea, Mass., formerly 
President of the New llauii.<hire Literary and TIieMlo-ical Institute. It contains a 
memoir of his lather, Uca. Jo>hua Ui^ham, \Yith a brief history of the family and a 
record of the descendants uf Dea. Ju.shua. Tlie book is embellished by purtraus, 
and a ioldin;; tabular pedigree is appended. 

The Turrej- book is sutliciently described in the title pase. The researches Oi the 
Don. Alphonso Taft of Cincinnati, and H. A. Newton ot \7eymouth, have traced 
the ancestry of this family for several generations in Eni^land. Four brothers, the 
sons of Philip and AUcie Torr^^y of C>.mbe tit. Nicholas, came to this country. 
This Philip was a son of William, who was a son of Philip, who was a ?on of 
"William Torrey, of Combe St. Nicholas, who died in June. 1577. A depor-ition 
dated 1674, of "Philip Torrey of Roxbury, one of the emitrrant^, is printed m the 
Kegistek, xl. 62. The present work is neatly printed and seems to be carefully 

The Hutchins pamphlet gives descendants of David Hutchins, born in 1694 
in Yorkshire, who settled in Attleboro', Mass., and died there in 1790. The 
author is Dea. Charles Hutchins, who for some twenty years has been the General 
Business Agent of the American Board of Commissioners lor Foreign Missions in 
Boston. These few pages give much genealogical information relative to this 

The Chase book is by the Hon. Oliver Chace of Fall River, who died May 6. iS74, 
ao-ed 61 (Register, xxix. ^-JC). Joseph Chase, whose descendants are given m this 
work, was a grandson of "William Chase, the emigrant, who settled in Barnstable, 
Mass., and died in 1659. The bo^^k is well compiled. 

The Andrews and AViswall pamphlets are reprints from the Register for January 
last. 



RECENT PUBLICATIONS, 

Presexted to the New Englaxd IIistoeic GEXEAiOGicvL Society, to Dec. 1, 1883. 

I. Publications xcritten or edited hy Members of the Society. 

Thoughts on the American College; an Address delivered in the Macalcster College 
Chapel,°Snclling Aveuue, Saint Paul, Minn., September IG, 1SC.5. By Rev. Edv,-ard D. 
Neill. ANo A Brief History of the Collese. St. Paul: The Pioneer Press Company. 18So. 
8vo. pp. 21. 

The Narragansett Fort Fight, December 19, 1675. By Rev. George M. Bodge, A.M., 
Boston. 1S86. Svo. pp. 21. With a map. 

Rutland and the Indian troubles of 1723-30. By Francis E. Blake, Worcester, Mass. 
Pablishcd by Franklin P. Rice. ISSG. Svo. pp. 53. 

Prytaneum Bostoniense. Notes on the history of tlie Old State House, formerly known 
as the Town House in Boston, the Court House in Boston, the Province Court House, 
the State House, and the City Hall. By George H. Moore, LL.D. Head before the 
Bostonij'U Society, May 12, 1885. Boston : Cupples, Upham & Co. The Old Corner Book- 
store. 1885. Svo. pp.'Sl. 

Memorial Exercises held in Castlcton, Vermont, in the year 1885, including the addresses, 
biographical sketches, reraiuiscenccs, li^t of graves decorated, ro^tt-r of tl>c veterans in line 

giving company and regiment — history of previous memorial days iu Castletou and an 

accouui of the relics exhibited. Compiled by John M. Currier, M.D., Secretary of the 
Memorial Organization. Alljauy, N. Y. : Joel Mun.-cll's Sons. 1&S5. Svo. pp.tiG. 

The life, literary labors and neglected grave of Richard Ileory WilJe. By Charles C. 
Jones, Jr., LL.D. Svo. pp. 21. 

An analysis of the population of the City of Boston, as shown in the State census of May, 
lSS-5. By Carroll D. Wrigiit, chief of Bureau of Stati.-tics of Labor. Bo-ton : Wright and 
Potter Printing Co., State Printers, 18 Post Office Square. 1835. Svo. pp. 17. 

Proceedings at the third annual session of the National Convention of Chiefs ami Com- 
missioners of the various Bureaus of Statistics of Labor in tlie United States, held at 
Boston, Massachusetts, June 20, June .30, and July 1, l&Sji. Boston; Wright aud Potter 
Printing Co., State Printers, IS Post Office Square. 1885. Svo. pp. U3. 

Sepulture of Major General Nathauacl Greene, and of Brig. Gen. Count Casimir Pulaski. 
By Charles C. Jones, Jr., LL.D. 



.X' 



1886.] Hecent Pahlicatiojis. 237 

New chapter in the history of the Concord fi-Tht: Groton minute-men at the North Bridge, 
April 19, 177.'>, .iiid appoudlx. By Wiu. W. Wbciidon. Boston : Lee and Shepherd, Pub- 
lishers, No. 10 Milk Street. 1SS5. Svo. pp. 32. 

Amcricm Constitutions : the relations of the three departments as adjusted by a century. 
Kead before the Chit-Chat Club of San Francisco. By Horace Davii. Sau Francisco : 
1SS4. Svo. pp. 76. 

Some Worcester matters, 16S9-1743. By Francis E.Blake. Worcester, Mass. : Frank- 
lin P. Rice, Publisher. 1SS5. Svo. pp. 17. 

The dedication of the Washington National Monument, T\-ith the orations by Hon. Robert 
C. Winthrop and Hon. John W. D;iniel, Februarj' 21, ISSo. Published by order of Con- 
gress. Washington : Government Printing Office. lSS-5. Svo. pp. 122. 

Reminiscences of the last year of President Lincoln's life. By Chaplain Edward D. 
Neill. Read at a meeting of the Minnesota Commandt-ry of the Military Order of the Loyal 
Legion, St. Paul, Minn., Nov. 4, 18S5. St. Paul, Minn.; The Pioneer Press Company. 
1885. Svo. 

Public Records of the Colony of Connecticut from May. 1768, to May, 1772, inclusive, 
transcribed and edited in accordance with a resolution of the General Asseraiily. By 
Charles J. Hoadlv, State Librarian. Hartford: Press of the Case, Lockwood and Brainard 
Company. 1885." Svo. pp. 6S9. 

Sermon by Rev. Carlton A. Staples, commemorative of Mrs. Susan E. Huston, founder 
of the Taft Public Library, delivtred in Mendon, Mass., Augusr, 1S84. Printed by vote of 
the Tnistees. Uxbridge, Mass. : L. H. Balcom Steams, Printer, Compendium Office. 
1885. Svo. pp. 15. 

RoD of the OfHcers of the York and Lancaster Regiment, containing a complete record of 
their ser^Mces, including dates of commission, etc. By Major G. A. Raikes,F.S.A. The First 
Battahon, formerly 65th (2d Yorkshire North Riding) Regiment, from 1756 to 1SS4. The 
Second Battalion, formerly the Royai Highland Emigrants (1775-1783), late 84th (York 
and Lancaster) Regiment, from 175S-1SS4. London : Richard Bentley and Son, New Bur- 
lington Street, Publishers in Ordinary to Her Majesty the Queen. 1885. Svo. 

The Indian Names of Boston and their meaning, by Eben Norton Horsford. Read 
before the New England Historic Genealogical Society, November 4, 1885. Cambridge : 
John Wilson & Son, University Press. 1886. Large 4to. pp. 26. [This paper was printed 
in the present volume of the Register, pp. 94-103.] 

John Cabot's Land fall in 1497, and the site of Norumbega. A letter to Chief Justice 
Daly, President of the American Geographical Society, b.y Eben Norton Horsford. Cam- 
bridge : John Wilson and Son, University Press. 1S8G. Large 4to. pp. 42. 

The Huguenots and the Edict of Nantes. A paper read before the Rhode Island His- 
torical Society, November 3, 18S5. By William Gammcll. Providence. 1886. Svo. pp. 25. 

Noah Emery of Exeter, Member of the Provincial Congress, and Clerk of the Assembly 
in New Hampshire, in the Revolution. By his great-grandson, Charles Emery Stevens. 
Privately printed. 1886. Svo. pp. 39. 

Groton Historical Series, No. IX. Groton District Schools. Groton, Mass. 18S6. Svo. 
pp. 26. [By Samuel A. Green, M.D.] 

Women under the law of Massachusetts, their rights, privileges, and disabilities, by Henry 
H. Sprague. Boston: W. B. Clarke and Carruth. lbS4, Svo. pp. 70. 

A brief catalogue of books, illustrated with engravings, by Dr. Alexander Anderson. 
[Collected by Evert A. Duyckinck.] With a biographical sketch of the artist [by Benson J. 
LossingJ. 1885. Svo. pp. 35. 

A report of the Record Commissioners of the City of Boston, containing the Boston Town 
Records, 1742 to 1757. Boston: Rockwell and Churchill, City Printers, No. 39 Arch 
Street. 1685. Svo. pp. 349. 

Catalogue of the library of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin. Vol. "VI. Fourth 
snppUmeut prepared by Daniel S. Durrie, librarian, and'isabel Durrie, assistant. Madison, 
Wisconsin : Democrat Printing Company, State Printers. 1885. Svo. pp. 820. 

II. Other Publications. 

John Harvard. St. Saviour's, Southwark and Harvard Universitv, U. S. A. Bv William 
Eendle, F.S.C.S., author of " Old Southwark and its People." 1885. Svo. pp. 24. 

The U. S. Veteran Sicmal Corps Associarion, including a partial roster of the corps during 
the war, with a brief re>urae of its operations from Am:. 14, 1861, to March 14, 1862. 1884. 
Copyright IBS I by J. Wilkud Brown, West Medford, Mass. 12rao. pp. 52. 

Two brief papers, being the Abandoned Boston, the Extent of the Continental Line of the 
Revolutionary Army misconceived. Bv Justin Winsor. Cambridge: John Wilson and 
Son, University Press. 1886. Svo. pp. 10. 

Reminiscences of seven years of earlv life. By Richard S. Smith. Wilmington, Del.: 
Ferris Bros., Printers. 1884. Svo. pp.' 122. 



fi v-,ii!l) '^1 -tAr.-,|. A 






1 '. .:\.;;jR.,^i. /•' .!.^;!'L>ii ,.-; ii-..i,i>>;;i yi 



238 Recent Publications. [April, 

Archrcolocria or miscellaneous tracts relating to antiqiiitr. Publishccl by the Sorioty of 
Antiquaries of Lomloii. Volume XLVIII. Lomlou: Printid by Nichols and Sous, 25 
Parliament Street. Sold at the Society's apartments in Burlington House. 

One hundred and fifty-fonrth annual report of the directors of the Redwood Library and 
Atheneum, Iseuport, K. I., to the Proprietors, submitted 'vVeducsday, August 20,'lSS4. 
Svo. pp. 30. 

Fifth annual report of the State Board of Health, Lunacy and Charit:.' of Massachusetts. 
Supplement containini: the report and papers on public health. Boston :" Vrright an I Potter 
Printing Co., State Printers, IS Post Olhce Square. 1S84. Svo. pp. 2S3. 

Papers relating to the foreign relations of tlic United States, transir.itted to Congress, 
with the annual messaire of the President. December 4, 1SS2 and 1233. V/ashir.gton : 
Government Printing Office. 1SS3-1SS4. Svo. 

History of the Eighteenth Reriimcnt, Connecticut Volunteers, in the -^ar of the Union. 
By Chaplain Wm. C. Walker, Norwich, Conn. Pubhshed by the Committee. 15So. Svo. 
pp. 444. 

Unveiling of the Pilgrim Statue by the New England Society in the City of Nev,- Tork 
at Central Park, June 6, 1SS5. Svo. pp. 33. 

Collections of the Nova Scotia Historical Societv for the year 1SS4. Volume IV. Hali- 
ax, N. S. : Wm. Macnab, Printer, 12 Prince Street. ISSo." Svo. pp. 258. 

Bradford Academy. Historical sketch of Harriette Brig^s Stoddard. By Mrs. J. D. 
Kingsbury. Lawrence, Mass. : Ameriam Printing House. "iSSS. Svo. pp. 14. 

Proceedings of the Bunker Hill Monument Association at the annual meeting, June 1", 
1885, with the annual address by the Hon. Frederic W. Lincoln, and remarks In- Hon. 
Charles Devens, President of the Association. Boston : Bunker Hill Monument Assoeiarion. 
1885. Svo. pp. 47. 

Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society at the semi-annual meetin? hold at 
Boston, April 29, 1835. Volume III. New scric=. Part IV. Worcester: Presj of Charles 
Hamilton, 311 Main Street. 1885. Svo. pp. 339-513. 

Record of the semi-centennial anniversary of St. Nicholas Society of the City of New 
York. February 18, ISSo. Svo. pp. 43. 

Proceedings at the public celebration of the One Hundredth Anniversary of the In':titntioa 
of the Academy of the Protestant Episcopal Church in tlie C'tv of Phib.dclphia, held in 
Association, AprQ 16, 18S5. Philadelphia: Collins, Printer, TOo'Jayne Street. 1SS5. Svo. 
pp. C2. 

Transactions of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society for the year 1583. Fart I. 
Boston : Printed for the Society. ISSo. Svo. pp. 219. 

A sketch of the life and works of Loammi Baldwin, civil engineer. Read before the 
Boston Society of Civil Engineers, Sept. 16, 1885. By George L.'Tcse. Boston: Press of 
Geo. H. Elhs, 141 FraukUa Street. 1885. Svo. pp. 28. 

Sketch of the life and times of Col. Israel Ludlow, one of the original proprietors of 
Cincinnati. By Henry Benton Teetor, A.M. Cincinnati: Printed by Cranston and Stowe. 
1885. Svo. pp. 52. 

Han-ard College. Class of 1S78. Secretary's report. No. II, 18S4. Printed for the 
use of the class. Cambridge: John Wilson and Son, University Press. 1385. Svo. pp. 152. 

Annual report of the City Auditor of the receipts and expenditures of the City of Bos- 
ton and the County of Sutlblk, State of Massachusetts, for the Hnancicl vear l?S4-85. 
Boston : Rockwell and Churchill, City Printers, 39 Arch Street. 1835. Svo. pp. 345. 

One htmdred and fifry-fifth annual report of the directors of the Redwood Li'.-.rarr and 
Atheneam, Newport, R. I., to the proprietors, sulmiitted Wednesday, August 13,' 1SS5. 
Newport, R. I. : John P. Sanborn, Printer. 1885. Svo. pp. 16. 

Sacred memorial services in memory of the late Sir Moses Moutefiore, baronet, held in 
Boston at the Church Street Synag'ogue, Zion's Hoir Prophets, on Saturdav, Ab, 20, 
A.M., 5645. New York: " Hebrew Journal " Print, 177-179 Grand Street. oG43. Svo. 
pp. 26. 

Some observations on the letters of Amerigo Vespucci. By M. F. Force. Read before 
the Con.m's International des Americanistes at Brussels, Sestember, 1879. Cincinnati : 
Robert Clarke & Co. 1885. Svo. pp. 24. 

Essex Institute Historical Collections. January, February and March, 1SS5. Vol. XXII. 
Salem, Mass.: Printed for the Essex Institute. 1SC5. Svo. pp. 80. 

Socitty of the Army of the Cumberland. Sixteenth re-union, Rochester, New York, 
1884. Published by order of the Society. Cincinnati: Robert Clarke k Co. 1335. 
Svo. pp. 282. 

The life and character of Mrs. Sarah Evram Dean. A monograph by Rev. Enoch San- 
ford, D.D. Raynham, Mass.: October, 1SS5. Svo. pp. 30. 

Woburn. An historical and. descriptive sketch of the town, v.-ith an outline of Irs in- 
dustrial interests. Illustrated. Woburn: Putjlished by the Board of Trade. iS35. 
8to. pp. 60. 



:Jati. JJ.J 



.i.cA 



1886.] Deaths. 239 

In.insruration of the Periy Statue, September 10, A.D. 18S-5, with the nddresses of TVilliam 
r. Slicuield, and the remarks on receiving the statue by Governor V.'etmore and M.-J'3r 
Franklin, and the speeches at the dinner. Newport, R. I. : John P. Sanborn, Publisher. 
1SS5. Svo. pp. 60. 

A msmorial of Stephen Salisbury, of "Worcester, Mass. "Worcester: Press of Charles 
Haniiitou. ISSo. Svo. pp. 1.53. 

Services at the dedication of a mnral Monument to James A\''alker, D.D., LL.D., in the 
Harvard Church in Charlestown, in the City of Boston, Jannan- 14, 1SS3. Cambndge : 
John Wilson and Son, University Press. ISSi. Svo. pp. Gt. 

The State of New Hampshire. Rolls of the Soldiers in the Revohitionary "War. 1775 to 
May, 1777, with an appomiix embracin:r diaries of Lieut. Jonathan Burton. " Compiled and 
edited bv Isaac W. Hammond, A.M. Concord, X. PI. ; Parsons B. Co:;swelI, State Printer. 
1885. Svo. pp. 799. 

Proceedings of the Tennessee Historical Society at Mnrfreesboro',Tenn., December S, 1SS5. 
Nashville, Tenn.: James T. Camp, Printer and Binder. IS-So. Svo. pp. 2o. 

The Peace Negotiations of 17S2 and 17S3. An address delivered Iwfore the New York 
Historical Society, on its seventy-ninth anniversarv, Tuesday, November 27, 1883, by 
John J. Jay. New York: Printed for the Society. 'iSSi. Ss'o. pp. 237. 

Collections of the New York Historical Society, for the rear ISSO. New York : Printed 
for the Society. ISSl. Svo. pp. 4S9. 

Documents relating to the Colonial history of the State of Nerr Jersey. Edited by 
Frederick W. Record and Wra. Nelson. \\j\. IX. 1757-1767. Newark, N. J.: Daily 
Advertiser Printing House. ISSo. Svo. pp. 656. 

The Parish Register of St. Arnc's Church, Lowell, Marj. Rev, Theodora Edson, S.T.D., 
the first and onlv rector from March 7, 1S24, to Jane 25, 1SS3. Lowell, Mass.: Morning 
Mail Print. 1885. Svo. pp. 155. 

Rc-Dedicatiou of the Old Star: Hotisc, Boston, Ju'v 11, 1SS2. Third Edition. Boston : 
Printed by order of the City Council. iSS5. Cvo. p-." 216. 

Vol. IT. New Series, Part I. Proceeding? cf the American Antiqnari.an Society, at the 
annnal meetinrr held in Worcester, October 21, 1385. Worcester : Press cf Charles" Hamil- 
ton, 311 Main St. 1SS6. Svo. pp. 59. 

Our Third Re-nnion. An address delivered ar the third re-union of the Old Hawes 
School Bovs, March 2, 1836. By R. J. Mouks. Bosiou: David Clanp and Son, Printers. 
1883. Svo". pp. 11. 

Sketch of the Musical Fund Society of Piiiladelpliia. Read before the Societv, Jannarv 
29, 1S85, by William L. Mactiev. Ph;lad;iphia: Press of Heniy R. Ashmead', 1102 and 
1104 Sansom Street. 1SS5. 12mo. pp. 54. 

Manual with rules and orders i"or the use of the General Assembly of the State of Rhode 
Island IsS-D-SS. Prepared by Joshua Z.I. Addeman, Socretarv of State. Providence, R.I.: 
E. L. Freeman and Son, printers to the State. 15S5. Svo. pp. 233. 

Papers of the Historical Society of Delav/are. V. Histoiy of the First Regiment Dela- 
ware Volunteers, from the commenceuieut Ol the " three' months service" to the final 
muster-out at the clo^e of the rebellion. By ■N^'iiiiam P. Seville. The Historical Society oi 
Delaware, "VVilmington. 1834. 

Dedication of the "Wallace Library and Art Eaiiding, July 1, 1SS5. Fitchharg, Mass. 
Svo. pp. 72. 

Random Recollections. By Hcnrv B. Stanton. Second Edition. Macgowan and Slinper, 
Printers, New York. 1886. Svo. pp. 134. 

Celebration of the Thirty- fifrh anniversary of the Society of California Pioneers, held at 
Pioneer Hall, September 9, 1855. San Francisco. 1SS5. Svo. pp. 42. 

A discourse delivered at Elandford, Mass., Tuesday. March 20, 1S21, giving some ac- 
count of the early settlement of the tov.-n and the hi-tory of the Chtirca, by Rev. John 
Keep. Printed from a recentlv discovered manuscript copv, by Charles W. Eddv, Ware, 
Mass. 18S6. Svo. pp. 23. 



DEATHS. 

Mrs. Relief Mouitov, widoAV of Jcseph sxviii. 338, dier] at Lynn, October 13. 

Moulton, of Lynn, a member of the 1855, ac^ed 87. She was the la>t sur- 

Histjric Genealogical S'.iciety, whose vivor of twelve cliildren of Thom^ag 

necrology appears in the Kegister, TodJ, one of the early settlers of 



oU 



^ .1,1 ■■ :>, -■■^^ 1- 



f/,j.-ri ■■■n>-' i:) 



240 



Deaths. 



[April. 



Poultncy, Vt., and was born March 
11, 179S. Slie was married June 7, 
1821, to Mr. Mouiton, and resided with 
him in Poultncy, Gouverneur (since 
Watertown),N.Y., Schenectady, N.Y., 
and Lynn, Ma^«., to which place they 
removed in IS35. For titty years her 
home has been in Lynn. It was her 
good fortune tocnjjy more than fifty 
j-ears of wedded life with the husband 
of her youth, their gulden wedding 
having been ob-erved in 1671. with an 
unbroken family circle. Naturally 
she possessed a strong and hardy cou- 
Btitution, and enjoyed vigorous health, 
bhe was a useful and respected mem- 
ber of the Methodist church. See 
obituary in the Lynn Transcript, Oct. 
30, 1885. 

Hon. JiMES Murray RoBcrss, of Milton, 
Mass., died at his residence in that 
town, Nov. 2, 1SS5, aged 89. lie was 
a son of Lieut. Gov. Edward Hutchin- 
Eon and Mrs. Elizabeth (Murray) 
Bobbins, and was born in Milton, June 
30, 1796. He was the sixth in descent 
from Nathaniel' Kobbins, who came 
from Scotland about 1670 and settled 
in Cambridge, through Nathaniel, - 
Thomas,^ Kev. Nathaniel* and Ed- 
ward IL,* above named. He was edu- 
cated at Milton Academy. Early in 
life he established himself in business 
as a commission merchant, from which 
many years ago he retired, and has 
resided at bis beautiful seat in Milton. 
He represented Milton in the Massa- 
chusetts legislature in 1537 and in 
1860, and was president of the trus- 
tees of Milton Public Library from 
the year 1871, when it was opened, till 
his death. In lSfi2 he delivered the 
address at the Bi-Centenary of Milton, 
■which was printed. He was also the 
author of the early chapters of the His- 
tory of Dorchester, prepared by the 
Dorchester Antiquarian Society. He 
married Oct. 7, 1635, Frances Mary 
Harris, who died Feb. 20, 1670. See a 
biographical sketch of Mr. Robbins by 
the Rev. A. K. Teele, D.D., in the 
Milton JSews, Nov. 7, 1885. 

Jon.v Langdon SrcLEY, A.M., Librarian 
Emeritus of Harvard University, died 
at his residence in Cambridge, Wed- 
nesday, December 9, 1885, aged nearly 
81. He was a son of Jonathan* and 
Pcrsis (Morse) Sibley, and was born at 
Union, Me., Dec.29,'l^04. He was the 
6th generation in descent from Richard' 
Sibley of Salem, ^las^., through Sam- 



uel,* Jonathan,' Jacob^ and Jonathan* 
his father. He was fitted for college at 
Phillips Exeter Academy, graduated 
at Harvard College in 1525, was assis- 
tant librarian at that college 1^25-6, 
was graduated at the Divinity School 
there in 1628, ordained May 14, 1529, 
over the Congregational church at 
Stow, of which he continued the pas- 
tor till Mai-ch 31, 1S33, when he again 
took up his residence at Cambridge. 
For about eight years he devoted him- 
self to literary work. During a part 
of the year 1637, he was editor and 
became proprietor of the American 
Magazine of Useful and Entertaining 
Knowledge, a monthly periodical com- 
menced by the Bewick Company of 
Boston. On the removal of the Har- 
vard College Library to Gore Hali in 
1841, Mr. Sibley was appointed assis- 
tant librarian, and on the death of the 
librarian Thaddeus William Harris, 
M.D., in iS56, he was chosen librarian. 
He held this office till 1877, when he 
was succeeded by Justin AVinsor, 
A.xM., and he became librarian emeri- 
tus. From 1611 to 1880, he edited the 
Harvard Triennial, now Quinquennial 
Catalogue. He also edited the Annual 
Catalogue, from 1850 to 1870. 

He was the author of History of 
L'nion. Me., r2mo, 1851 ; Biograph- 
ical Sketches of the Graduates of 
Harvard University, 8vo. 3 vols. 1673, 
1881 and 1865. These three volumes 
are model biographies for fulness and 
minute accuracy of detail. For more 
than forty years he conducted an ex- 
haustive research for materials for the 
biography of all the graduates of Har- 
vard. His collections on this subject 
have been left to the Massachusetts 
Historical Society, and the bulk of his 
property, amounting to about one 
hundred and fifty thousand dollars, will 
ultimately be available for continuing 
the series he has begun in so excellent 
a style. Soon after the issue of the 
first volume of Sketches of Harvard 
Graduates, Mr. Sibley became blind 
from cataract ; but, after an operation, 
his sight was sufficiently restored to 
enable him to use his eyes a portion 
of each day, and to complete and 
publish two more volumes. 

Mr. Sibley was a liberal benefactor 
to Phillips Exeter Academy, and his 
portrait adorns the chapel vralls. He 
married. May 30, 1666, Miss Charlotte 
Augusta Langdon Cook, daughter of 
Samuel Cook, a Boston merchant, who 
survives him. 




FETTER OLIVER, 
CIlItF ILbTICE OF MASSACHLSETTS. 



.navijc 



THE 

HISTORICAL AND GE^N^EALOGICAL 
REGISTER. 



JULY, 1886. 



PETER OLIVER, 

The last Chief Justice of the Superior Court of Judicature of the Protincb 

OF Massachusetts Bay, 

By Thomas ^YE3T0^', Jr., Esq., A.M. 

Read before the K«w England Historic Genealogical Society, September, 18S5, and before tbe 
Bostonian Society, Xovember, 18S5. 

THE judiciary of Massachusetts has ahvays been distinguished for 
its ability and its high personal character. These character- 
istics have come down as a part of our heritage of the past. The 
judges of the colonial period were rarely men of other tlian un- 
questioned integrity, and often combined eminent legal ability with 
the most liberal culture the times could produce. Their reputation, 
however, seems never long to have survived them.- They have left 
scarce any traces of their learning, of their legal attainments or 
of their influence, even in shaping the laws which so effectually 
secured, during the formative period of our history, the amplest 
protection of life, property and reputation to the humblest citizen. 
But a single volume of reported decisions* has come down to us 

Note.— Although frequent me-ntion is made of Judge OHtner in the books and papers re- 
lating to the period in which he lived, no detai}ed account of his life has come down to us. 
Gov. Hutchinson, iw his History of Massachusetts, gives a full account of his impeachment,* 
and Gov. W^ashburn, in his Judicial History of Massachusetts, devotes a few pages to his' 
life; and this is about all that has been published concerning him. 

I have been enabled to supply, from what I deem authenticlocal tradition, much con- 
cerning his life and character. He lived in Middloboro', Mass., some thirty years. Soon 
after the sale of his estate by the coniniissioners appointed to sell confiscated prooertv of 
Toyalists, my grandfather came into possession of a portion of his real estate and the 'iron 
-works he formerly owned in Miildlet>oro'. The housekeeper of Judge Oliver, a %-erv 
intelligent woman, lived to an advanced age. She spent some time ?n the latter part 
cf her life in the family of my grandfather. My father remembers manv of the stories and 
anecdotes she was always fund of relating concerning Judge Oliver and the life at Oliver 
Hall. Several years ago some of these stories were pliblished in the Middleboro' Gazette 
hy Dr. Granville .Sprout, as they were related to him by this lady. From these sources I 
Lave gathered much for this articJe. 

I have also been es-pecially interested in whatever relates to his life and character, from 
U»e fact that Oliver Hall stood near my father's house, who for many years owncii the 
estate upon which Judge Oliver had lived ; and I early became familiar with the many local 
traditions, concerning him and his home, which then hngered about the place. 

The accompanying heliotypc of Judge Oliver is from Copley, painted in England, in 1772. 
* Quincy's Mass. Reports. 
VOL. XL. 22 



.v:";i ni.f 



242 Chief Justice Oliver. [July, 

and the cases tliere reported arc so fragmentary and meagre as to be 
of no value, except a? legal curiosities, and give us no proper esti- 
mate of the learning and ability of the court at that period. 

Among these judges, no one was more distinguished than Peter 
Oliver, the last of the chief justices of the Superior Court of 
Judicature of the Province of Massachusetts Bay, the highest court 
in the Province, under the Crown. The course he conscientiously 
took during the turbulent times which followed his appointment as 
Chief Justice, and which culminated upon the breaking out of the 
war for Independence, his intimate personal connection with the 
leading officers of the Crown, his warm espousal of the cause of his 
King, provoked the bitter hostility of the patriots, and he left with 
Gov. Gage, upon the evacuation of Boston, in disfavor, never to 
return. Had his life gone out in any other period of our historv, 
liis name and character would doubtless have stood among the hi^li- 
est in the long line of illustrious men who had adorned the Bencli 
of Massachusetts. The little that can be gathered from the scanty 
records of his time, and the local traditions which have survived con- 
cerning him, represent a life and character that ought not to be 
forgotten. 

The Oliver family was one of the oldest and most respectable in 
the Massachusetts Colony. His ancestor, Thomas Oliver, came 
from London in the AVilliam and Francis, in the year 1632, and 
settled in Boston. He was a surgeon by profession, one of the 
ruling elders in the First Church, and a man much esteemed in 
the colony.* Upon his death, which occurred January 1, 1656, 
he was spoken of in Hull's Diary as "living to a great ao^e, and 
in his former years as very serviceable." One of his sons, James 
Oliver, was a captain in King Philip's war, and reputed a brave 
man ; another son, Peter, was an eminent merchant in the town of 
Boston, one of whose sons married a granddaughter of Gov. Brad- 
street. Daniel Oliver, a son of the last named and the father of 
Judge Oliver, vras a wealthy merchant of Boston, and for several 
years a mandamus councillor. His two sons, Andrew and Peter, were 
destined to fill very conspicuous places in the later times of the Pro- 
vince. Andrew was for many years Provincial Secretary and after- 
wards Lieutenant Governor, and did much towards hastenincj the 
progress of events ;\'hich finally precipitated the colonies into open 
hostility with the mother country. His second wife was a sister of 
the wife of Gov. Hutchinson, and the relation was made still more 
intimate by intermarriages between the children of both the Olivers 
with those of Gov. Hutchinson, f Peter Oliver was also connected by 
marriage with Copley the distinguished portrait painter of the period. 
The family were thus closely related to some of the most prominent 
supporters of the Crown, and early espoused the cause of royalty. 

* New Erg. Hist, and Gen. Reg., April, IS-^o. 
t Mem. Hiit. of E'jitoa, vol. ii. p. 5J3. 



1886.] - Chief Justice Oliver. 243 

Georire III. had no more able or zealous friends in America than 
the Olivers. 

Peter Oliver was born in Boston, ^Nlarch 17, 1713. But little is 
known of his early boyhood. He u>ed to say that his father spared 
no pains in the education of his two boys. They both showed a 
taste for books, and at an early ac:e Peter had attained considerable 
proficiency in the literature of the times. 

He entered Harvard College in 172i3, at the age of 16 years. In 
his class were John Cotton, Joseph ]\Iayhew, Stephen Minot, Samuel 
Parsons, Peter Prescott, and others who afterwards occupied promi- 
nent positions in the Province. 

It seemed to be the wish of the father that young Peter should be 
bred a gentleman and follow no business or profession. While 
in college he was interested in history, political science and general 
literature, and showed great fondness for the law as a science. His 
father took pains early to introduce his sons into the best society of 
the Province, and before he came to manhood he had formed an in- 
timate acquaintance with many of the prominent men of the times.* 
This early acquaintance, which seems to have continued, contril)uted 
not a little in giving him the position and the great influence he 
afterwards exerted in the events Avhich were to transpire in his 
maturer years. At his graduation he was undoubtedly as well fitted 
for the bar as any of his classmates who afterwards commenced 
practice before the courts. He was one of the best scholars of his 
class, and his close habits of study followed him all through his life. 
His proficiency and reputation as a scholar gained for him in after 
years the honorary degree of Doctor of Laws from Oxford University. 
On July 5, 1733, Mr. Oliver married Mary, the daughter of 
William Clark, of Boston, who was a prominent man in the town, 
a member of the General Court for the years 1731, 1732, 1733, 
1734, and a man of influence throughout the [irovince. Mrs. Oliver 
was an accomplished lady, well fitted for the social position she was 
called to fill. The charm of her conversation, her courtlv manners, her 
generous hospitality at Oliver Hall, aided not a little in making 
this famous place so memorable in the social history of the times. 
After her removal to Middleboro', she was a constant attendant at 
the church in the town, and her many deeds of kindness and christian 
charity have come down with the traditions of the place as memorials 
of her goodness. 

For a few years after his marriage ]Mr. Oliver seems to have 
spent his time in rendering his father such assistance as his business 
required. He had become interested in the early history of the 
colonies, and had given much thought to devehjpini: their' acrriculr 
tural and manufacturing resources. " He had alro.-idv coilected^some- 
thing of a library and had transcribed several MS, local histories. 

* Anion- the^x^ early frien.Is was the celebrated lawyer, Joreiniah Gridlev, and this fnt-iid- 
cLip coutmuud duriuij his life. 



■I -.Ml) h 



r K' ' I . v-'a; : ^ ti* i^ii %^^**i\.i ./i^ 



'i ■'"' 



. :.:* i-, -;:-v -iv •'• ;;:- J 



tnW 



'■!w'-:.' !j : .■■'!'. !• 

■ .-i'li 1 .'i. , . ..' ' , .■•1 



244 Chief Justice Oliver. [July, 

Among them was aTMS. copy of Eev. ]Mr. Hubbard's history of 
New England.* He was also a close student of the stirring events 
which were transpiring in the Old World, and kept an extensive 
correspondence with friends in London. He probably spent some 
time in the old country at about this period. He early showed a 
fondness for royalty and a great love for the customs and institutions 
of Old England, which seemed to increase with his years. Although 
interested in everything that in his judgment could tend to develop 
the prosperity of the provinces, he never allowed anything to come 
between him and the cause of his King. 

In 1744, Mr. Oliver purchased about three hundred acres of land 
in !Middleboro', in what had been known as the Indian viHage of 
Muttock, on the Xemasket Kiver, where he soon after removed from 
; Boston. 

The estate he purchased in Middleboro' had been recently occupied 
by the Xemasket Indians. In 1737, they had petitioned the General 
Court for leave to sell their lands at this place, " alleging that by long 
cultivation they had become worn out, and that there were noli^h in 

• the river, nor game in the forests for their sustenance, and prayed 
for leave to remove to another part of the town where the land was 
better adapted for their cultivation, and game more abundant.'* 
While the subject-matter of this petition was being discussed in the 

•General Court, Mr. OUver's attention was directed to this locality as 
■one of unusual beauty, and affording rare facilities for business. At 
the foot of the hill adjacent to the old settlement of the Indians, the 
town had previously authorized a dam to be built across the river. 
A saw mill and grist mill had been built there, and the water privi- 
lege was one of the best in the county. The lands and great ponds 
in the vicinity abounded in the richest iron ore ; timber was abundant, 

• and, notwithstanding the allegation in the petition of the former in- 
habitants, the soil was more than ordinarily fertile. His purchase 
included the site of the first settlers of the town, whose houses were 
burned in King Philip's war, and who had been consequently obliged 
to return to Plymouth. It bordered upon the oldest burial place of 
'the settlers, and upon the other side was the spot where the Indian 
braves, for generations, had been laid to rest. Upon the summit of 
•the high hill bordering upon the pond were the remains of the wig- 
'wam of the old Indian chieftain from whom the place had taken its 
name. 

Immediately after coming to Middleboro', Mr. Oliver repaired the 
mills on his estate, and made preparations for a large manufacturing 
business. Just before his purchase, there had been built a blast fur- 
nace, which with many others in Plymouth county did a prosperous 
business for those early times. His keen business eye foresaw that 
iron manufacture was to be the prominent industry for the Province, 

• Pres. Stiles's Literary Diarj, 2a scries, Mass. Hist. Col., vol. ii. p. 200. 



t* tiJi^n^ ^ 



oo: 



q.u 



1880.1 Chief Justice Oliver. 245 

and tlie branch of it next to that done by tlic bhist furnaces was to 
be that of making the hammered nails which were the only ones in 
use at that time. For that business a forge was necessarv, and the 
mechanics of the county coukl readily construct one. There were 
one or two in the country, one at Raynham and one or two near 
Boston. But the necessary mill for this business was a rolling or 
shtting mill, which would take the iron liammcred into bars from the 
forge and split them into nail rods, out of which the nails were to 
be hammered. These rods were then to be taken home by the far- 
mers and hammered into nails of any required length and size. 
There was but one such mill in the country, and that was in ]Milton, 
near what is now Milton ]Mills. Its owner was reaping a large protit 
from it. All admittance to this wonderful mill was forbidden. Irs 
mysteries were kept a profound secret ; its entrance was carefuUv 
guarded, and the workmen were under heavy bonds never to reveal 
the mysterious process by which nail rods were there produced. 

At this time a young man by the name of Plushai Thomas lived 
in ]Middleboro'. Mr. Oliver had put him in charge of his works. 
He had superintended their repair, and was of bright parts, a 
natural mechanic, of accurate eye and keen perceptions in everytliin;:: 
that related to his craft. Tradition has it that Judge Oliver offered 
him a large sum of money if he would build him a slitting mill that 
would do the work done at ]MiIton. The offer was too tempting to 
be rejected without trial. Early in the week, one bright summer 
day, young Thomas was missing from his home. His wife knew 
nothing of his whereabouts, although she did not seem to share the 
anxiety of the neighbors as to his fate. The next morning a shabbv, 
ill-kempt, idiotic person came to the quiet town of ^Milton, and was 
seen sauntering about the place, begging for something to eat. At 
first the villagers were frightened at his appearance and were shy of 
him. He remained there for some weeks, and the honest people re- 
garding him as a poor, simple-minded unfortunate, allowed him to 
sleep in their barns. lie was playful with the children, and they be- 
came gradually attached to the foolish fellow. He seemed to prefer 
to play about the mill, and the workmen, as they went out and in, 
became accustomed to his idiotic ways. One day at noon, while 
playing with some small children, the workmen as they left for 
dinner neglected to close the door of the mill. The simple- 
minded man, to iiide from the children, ran into it. He was 
there but a short time and then ran out. The next day he dis- 
appeared, but, alas, the mystery of the wonderful mill went with 
him. In a few days it was told that young Thomas had returned, 
and that foundations were being laid for a new mill at Oliver's works. 
The mill when completed produced as good work as that done hj 
the mill at Milton, and the neighbors began to see that in some wav 
the fortunes of young Thomas had wonderfully improved. 

VOL. XL. 22* 



246 Chief Justice Oliver, [July, 

During the French and Indian war Mr. Oliver was also largely- 
engaged at his works in ^Middleboro' in making ordnance, shot and 
shell, for the colonies.* His prudent management, his extensive 
acquaintance and warm personal friends, made his business very 
lucrative, and enabled him to maintain a style of living far superior 
to the average citizen. 

Soon after coming to ]Middleboro' he erected, for his country resi- 
dence, Oliver Hall. It stood on a level tract of land about half 
way up what is now known as Muttock Hill, on the Southeasterly 
side of the road leading from ]Middlcboro' to Bridgewater. It 
commanded an extensive view of the adjacent country. The borders 
of the land upon which the house stood sloped to the banks of the 
Nemasket River and the large winding pond formed thereby. The 
grounds were very extensive, laid out after the manner of English 
parks, with broad avenues bordered with ornamental trees, shaded 
walks, with flower and fruit gardens, and a lawn in front of the 
house overlooking the pond jind river. 

The Hall was approached from the road through an avenue lined 
with ornamental trees, which wound from the top of the hill passing 
the Hall, and descended by gradual descent to the margin of the 
banks of the pond and river. f About the grounds were many shaded 
walks and groves, beautified by the choicest shrubs and flowers. 
As this avenue wound about the grounds down the sloping hill it 
passed a summer house on the borders of the pond, pleasantly situat- 
ed under the shade of the original oaks of the forest. It was beauti- 
fully designed, and had accommodation for a large number of guests. 
Just back of it was a flowing spring of water, with an ingenious 
device for cooling wine kept in an adjoining apartment. The Hall 
itself was patterned after the ]Manor House of the old country, 
stately and spacious. Its frame was shipped from England. Its 
internal decorations, its carving, its wainscotting, its hangings were 
all made expressly for it in London. It had its grand staircase, its 
spacious parlor, its high ceilings. The Library formed an L of the 
Hall, and was entered through an elaborate carved lattice work. It 
was a large room, high studded, and upon its shelves were to be 
found the best books the times could produce. It was one of the 
best libraries in the province. The Hall had elegant guest chambers 
and extensive servants' apartments. The parlor, library and dining 
hall were richly wainscotted, their walls covered with elaborate hang- 
ings, and the floors laid in polished English oak. Gov. Hutchinson 
remarked at one time after visiting Oliver Hall, that it was the finest 
residence in his Majesty's dominions in New England. | 

The spacious and elegant apartments, the generous hospitality of 

• Hist of Plymouth County, p. 1023. 

+ Traces of ttis avenue and the site of the summer house are still to be seen on these 
grounds. 
J Middleboro' Gaisiie. 



■^'li 1)0 nr>? Efd of nu? »^i. 



1886.] Chief Justice Oliver. 247 

the host and the elegance and extent of the grounds, made Oliver 
Hall a favorite resort of the Avealtii and fashion of the time. Gov- 
ernor Bowdoin, considered one of the wealtliiest men of the colony, 
was often there, Governor Hutchinson and family spent many sum- 
mers there. Andrew Oliver, then Lieut. Governor, and Sir John 
and Sir Grenville Temple, were among the frequent guests. Dis- 
tinguished gentlemen from the old country visiting the province were 
considered as not completing their tour through the colonies without 
a visit to the famous country seat of the Chief Justice.* 

A description of the social parties there given, and the prominent 
men and elegant women in attendance, would form an interesting 
chapter in the social history of the times. One of these famous 
occasions, the old housekeeper of the Hall was ever fond of narrating. 
A special messenger came riding all the way from Boston bearing 
the news of the birth of an heir to His Majesty, King George the 
Third. He approached the Hall on a gallop, swinging his hat and 
shouting " Long live the King I a prince has been born to the royal 
family of England." She took great pleasure in describing the grand 
company assembled that night in the Hall, how the tables were 
loaded and toasts given in honor of the occasion. Governor Hutch- 
inson was there, and Governor Oliver came with some ladies from 
Boston. He wore a suit of scarlet silk velvet, with gold buttons 
and lace ruffles for the sleeves and bosom ; short breeches, white 
silk long stockings with gold shoe and knee buckles made up his 
suit. Governor Hutchinson was dressed nearly in the same way, 
only his suit was trimmed with gold lace. Many other illustrious 
men with their wives and daughters were there, dressed with all of 
the taste and elegance of the times. There was dancing and music 
and wine in abundance, and the assembly did not disperse until late 
at night, f 

During the early years of his residence in Middleboro', Mr. Oliver 
found time to attend to many public duties, representing the town in 
the General Court during these years. He was specially interested in 
agriculture, horticulture and floriculture, J taking great pains to 
introduce the choicest kinds of fruit and flowers adapted to the 
locality. John Adams in his diary speaks of seeing some rare 
flower, the seed of which came from Judge Oliver's garden. § He 
imported some new breeds of stock, which he supposed would be 
better than those found on the farms of his neighbors. He seemed 
always anxious to improve the condition of the farming interest in 
the county, and gave it an impetus which was not lost during his 
generation. 

His chief delight seemed to be in gathering about him men and 
women of the culture and refinement of the times, and discussing in 

• Middleboro* Gazette. + Ibid. 

t 2d Series Mass. His. Col. Vol. 3, p. 169. 

$ Joha Adams's (Diary) Works, Vol. 2, p. 137. 



-jM t 



.Tr.j 



2-48 Chief Justice Oliver. [Julj, 

his spacious and v.-cU-fillcd library tlie questions of literature and 
politics of the day.* Scholars from all parts of the colony came to 
consult his books and manuscripts, and for such information as "he 
only could give them in matters of history, literature and art. 

Nor were his tastes confined merely to literary and political 
subjects. He was considered as an authority iu matters of archi- 
tecture and music. After his appointment to the Court of Common 
Pleas he planned, in 1740, and superintended the erection of the 
Court House in Plymouth,! which stood as late as 1815, a structure 
much admired for its arciiitectural beauty. He had a cultivated ear 
and a good voice for singing, r.nd so desirous was he to improve the 
musical tastes of the people of the town, that he took an active part in 
the singing in the church near his domains. One of the venerable 
'dames of the parish, disgusted widi the innovation of the times and 
the new-fangled music in the meeting-house, in writing to one of 
her friends, expressed her contempt and disgust by saying, '' even 
the Judge of the land was bawling in the gallery with the bovs." 

Notwithstanding his wealth, official position and style of living, he 
mingled freely with the people, was always considerate towards 
them and did much towards furnishing them with remunerative em- 
ployment at his works or on his estate. Xo poor man ever went 
from his door without his necessary wants being supplied. The 
people of the town looked up to him for advice upon all matters of 
business, or whenever they needed counsel, and always found in him 
a warm and sympathetic friend. His strong common sense, his 
extensive reading, his knowledge of law and men were of great 
service to them, and his advice much souglit after and usuallv heeded. 
His kindness of heart, his generosity and the interest he seemed to 
take in their welfare, gave him great influence in the place of hia 
home. At one time he complained to a friend that there was only 
one man in town who would express an opinion contrary to his if 
he had previously stated his views on the subject ; with his townsmen 
his word was regarded as law. 

Mr. Oliver was appointed a Justice of the Court of Common Pleas. 
for Plymouth County during Governor Shirley's administration, in 
December, 1747, and continued to hold tliat office until his promotion 
to the bencii of the Superior Court. At the time of his appointment 
the Court of Common Picas had been in existence since 1702.:}: It was 
originally known in the Old Colony as the Associates' Court. ^ but 
during the administration of Andros it assumed the name of Court of 
Common Pleas, and so continued until tiie Pevolution. Upon the 
adoption of the Constitution the Court was continued with substan- 

• He left a very full Diary of the prominent events of his !ife, with an account of the 
public men of his time with whom he was uisociatcd, which is about being publiihed ia 
London. 

t Thatcher's Hist. Plymouth, p. 174. 

t VVu-hljurn's Jud. ilis. Mass. ZcA. 

i Baylies. 



1886.] Chief Justice Oliver, 249 

tially the same jurisdiction and powers. Under the Charter the Jus- 
tices of this Court did not go beyond the County for which they were 
commissioned. Their saLiry was small and not uniform, and but a 
small portion of their time was occupied in the discharge of their offi- 
cial duties. His acceptance of the position did not seem to interfere 
with his business or his habits of study which he had continued from 
his early years. At this time his business was large and lucrative, 
and enabled him to live in the princely style we have already indi- 
cated. The grounds about Oliver Hall were carefully cultivated 
and improved, and he continually added such adornments as his 
taste suggested. 

With'hira, on the bench of this Court, were Isaac Lothrop, Elijah 
Gushing and Thomas Clapp. These men, though not educated for 
the bar, were all of them men of mark and ability, and enjoyed the 
confidence of the bar and of those who came before the Court. 
Upon the dedication of the new Court House which Judge Oliver 
had planned, and whose construction he had superintended, his first 
duty was to pronounce an eulogy upon the death of his associate 
Judge Cushing, which was published at the time, one copy of which 
has come down to us and is in the Library of the Athenaeum. Tliis 
Court, however, although composed of men of high character, was 
not surrounded with the pomp and display of the Superior Court, 
and its justices did not assume the rank and dignity accorded to the 
latter Court. The barristers of the province, whose talents and legal 
abilities would well compare with the practitioners of the time before 
the highest Courts in "Westminster, were often before this Court. 
It was the fashion for them often to speak disparagingly of it, and 
they professed to have a contempt for any ruling on matters of law 
or opinion, which this Court might give, which happened to be 
against their particular client. 

One of the ablest lawyers who practised in this time in the Courts 
of Plymouth County was Timothy Ruggles. He was a barrister of 
large practice, his only rival being James Otis. He was generally 
known as Brigadier Ruggles, from his conspicuous service in the 
French and Indian wars. The late venerable Abraham Holmes, in 
an address before the Bristol bar in 1834, gives this anecdote of 
Brigadier Ruggles, in a case before this Court at this time. While 
he was engaged in the trial of a cause, a very old woman who was a 
witness, told him that she could stand no longer and asked him 
where she might sit ; Ruggles looking about and seeing no vacant 
seat except on the bench, told her inadvertently to go and sit there. 
The old woman hobbled to the bench, crept up the stairs, got within 
the enclosure occupied by the Judges b'efore they noticed her, and 
was sitting down, when one of them asked her Avhat she was there 
for. She replied that Mr. Ruggles had told her to go up there and 
sit down. The Court with offended dignity asked him if he had eo 
told her. Ruggles could not evade the question and answered that 



250 Chief Justice Oliver. [Julj> 

be had. The Court asked, liow came you to do tin's, Sir? He could 
not retreat, and must make the best of it, and looking Avith a digni- 
fied smile, hesitatingly said, I — I — really tliought that place was 
made for old Avomen. The Court regarded tliis answer as an insult, 
but, after consultation, concluded the easiest way out of it was to let 
the matter drop, and the trial proceeded, and the old lady kept her 
place. jNIr. liuggles, however, did not hesitate a few years after 
to accept the same position as a Justice of that Court for Worcester 
County.* 

Upon the death of Judge Saltonstall in 1756, Judge Oliver was 
appointed his successor on the bench of the Superior Court, f The 
importance of the various matters over which it had jurisdiction, it 
being the appellate Court of the Colonies, the high character of the 
men who were on its bench, the pomp and dignity which attended 
its delibci'ations, all served to impress upon tlie people the impor- 
tance of this, the highest judicial tribunal of the land. The court 
then consisted of Stephen Sewell as Chief Justice, and Benjamin 
Lynde, Jolm Cushing and Cliambers Ivussell as associate justices. 

This was the ha[)picst period of his life. lie was known and 
bonored throughout the Province. His judicial ability was recog- 
nized by the entire bar, and his accession to tlie bench of this Court 
was cordially welcomed by his associates. His income from his 
business was large. Oliver Hall had become celebrated in both 
countries, not only for its generous hospitality, the beauty and extent 
of its grounds, but for the men of rank and culture that were there 
entertained. A w*riter of the times says of this place, that it was 
" Where the native grove under his forming hand had become such 
an one as Thomson found in the shades of Hagley." J: The 
troubles between the Colonies and the ^lother Country, which 
ere lonsf were to undermine his influence and render him an exile, 
had not assumed such form and magnitude as to indicate the 
results which were to follow. 

The duties of his office now absorbed much of his time, and he 
discharged them conscientiously and fearlessly. His business was 
entrusted to the care and management of others. He nevertheless 
always found time to continue his studies in literature and in the 
politics and history of the times. 

His salary at this time v/as but IGO pounds per annum, § a sum 
wholly inadequate to meet his personal expenses. The Judges of 
this Court were obliged to maintain the same pomp of style and 
display as the English judges of t!ie period. They wore the same 
style of robes, wigs and swords || when on the bench, and wherever 
they were great deference was paid to them. Judge Oliver always 
made his journey to and from Boston with his coach and four, his 

* Wa«hbniTi, p. 2'2f>. f Dr. Eliot ?;;v>, " It was a very popnhir appointment." 

I 2(1 Srri.'^ M,i". His. Cul., Vu!. 3, p. loO. 

§ Washfjurn, p. 102. ii 2 LoyalLts of Am. Rev., p. 128. 



.<'. ' 



188G.] Chief Justice Oliver. 251 

coat of arms emblazoned on tlie panels of the doors, with attending 
outriders and postillion. "Wherever these courts were to be held, the 
High Siieriff of t!ie Cuuntv, the prominent men of the place and the 
barristers were in the habit of ^ohv^ out to meet them as tliey ap- 
proached the town, and escorting them with great pomp and display 
to the public inn where they were to remain during the term of 
Court. Xone of the English Courts of the times were more dignified 
than that of the Superior Court of the Province of ^Massachusetts Bay. 

No better idea of its dignity while in session in 1761 can be o-iven 
than by transcribing President Adams's description of it in a Tetter 
to Mr. Tudor.* It was at the hearing upon tlie matter of granting 
the celebrated writs of assistance. It was in the Council Chamber 
of the old State House in Boston, where the courts were held for 
Suffolk. All the members of the Court were present. The most 
prominent counsel of the province were engaged on the one side or 
the other; there was Gridley for tlie petitioner, and Thatcher and 
James Otis for the remonstrants. He says, "In this chamber near 
the fire were seated the five Judges, with Lieut. Governor Hutchin- 
son at their head as chief justice ; all in their fresh robes of scarlet 
English cloth with their broad bands and enormous judicial wio-s. 
In this chamber were seated at a long table all the barristers °of 
Boston and its neighboring County of Middlesex, in their gowns and 
bands and tye wigs. They were not seated on Ivory chairs, but 
their dress was more solemn and more pompous than that of the Pto- 
man Senate when the Gauls broke in upon them." Mr. Adams adds, 
^' then and there was the first scene of the first act of opposition to 
the arbitrary claim of Great Britain,'' 

It is worthy of note in the light of events which soon after followed, 
that Judge Oliver, although known to be an intense royalist, honestly 
supporting every measure of the Crown, as a matter of course, 
before and long after the trial of this great question of the power of 
this Court to grant writs of assistance, v/as regarded by the bar and 
the entire community not only as a polished gentleman, f but as an 
able and fearless Judge, wlio -would under all circumstances do exact 
justice in all matters that came before him. 

Perhaps the most memorable trial before this Court in which 
Judge Oliver sat as an associate Judge was that of Capt. Preston 
nnd his soldiers in 1770, fur mansla"ughter in what is familiarly 
known as the Rjston Massacre. His charge to the jury| in this case, 

* Letter written in 1S17. John Adnms's Works, Vol. X., pnge 215. 

+ John Adiims in hi.s diiry, iui.Ict d.ice of Xovemher 9. 1771. thus alluded to the .sul>iect 
of this sketch. "Dined this dav, -^lent tlie afternoon and dnink tea at Ju.l-e Ropes's with 
Judjjes Lynde, Ohvf.T, and Hurchmson, Sewall, Pntnani and Winthrop. Mrs Ropes is a 
fine woman, very pretty and <;(jntcel. Our Jii>J,-c Oliver is the best bred sontleman of all 
the judges by far; there is soiOL'thins in every one of the otliers indcjent and di<a"recable 
at tunes in company— atfected wittici-ms, unpohMied (leers, c.jarse jc-ts, and sometimes 
roij-h rude attacks— b-Jt tho.'^eyou don't see e-^oipe Judge Oliver."— (/o/m Adams's Works 
<i»d Ihcry, Vol. 2, p. 2^'I ) A writer in th.- Mi-. Hist. Col. 2d S.-rics, Vol. 3, p. 100 thus 
alludes to h;m. " Ju^!-e Oliver was one of the Corinthian ornaments of the Couiity of 
•rlymouth while he resid-d in it." 

1 Trial of Britisii Soidicrs, lioston, 1807, p. 114. 



252 Chief Justice Oliver. [July, 

is the only one that has come doAvn to us, of the many he gave 
during his administration of justice. It is a model of its kind and 
fully justifies the high estimate given him, as an able and impartial 
judge.* 

The excitement over this affair was intense. The court met a 
week after the tragedy in King Street. Indictments were immedi- 
ately found against Capt. Preston and his men. On account of the 
high state of feeling the court had continued the case until the next 
term. But the desire of the people was so intense for their immedi- 
ate trial, that a considerable number of prominent men of Boston, 
with Mr. Adams at their head, went in a body to the Superior Court 
and were so earnest for a speedy trial that the Court thought it 
advisable to annul their order for a continuance, and appointed a 
special term for the trial. f Attempts were made to prejudice the 
minds of the people against the prisoners. Popular feeling was so 
strong that an appeal was even made through the newspapers to 
prejudice the Court against them. Judge Oliver in his charge to the 
jury alluded to this as an insult to him personally and his associates. 
So intense was the feeling and so great was the pressure brought to 
bear upon some of the judges that they through fear of personal 
harm hesitated to sit at the trial. Governor Hutchinson, in a private 
letter at that time, says, he "found it difficult to prevail upon three 
of the judges to sit at the trial for fear of losing their popularity." 
In this letter he refers to the firmness of Judge Oliver in his charge 
to the jury, and his exposition of the law in opposition to the false 
principles of government lately set up. 

As further illustrating the excitement of the times and the weak- 
ness of some of the members of the Court, he saj^s, under date of 
Aug. 28, 1770: "I have persuaded Judge Lynde, who came to 
town with his resignation in his pocket, to hold his position a little 
longer. Timid as he is, I think Trowbridge more so. The only 
difference is that little matters, as well as great, frighten Lynde. 
Judge Oliver appears to be firm, though threatened in yesterday's 
paper, and I hope Cashing will be so likewise." 

Notwithstanding the timidity of some of the Court, at the trial 
they all showed great firmness and presided with strict impartiality. 
The prisoners were fearlessly and ably defended by John Adams 
and Josiah Quincy. The trial lasted eight days, and resulted in the 
acquittal of Capt. Preston and six of his soldiers, and the convic- 
tion of two of them for manslaughter. Although the popular clamor 
was strong for the conviction of Capt. Preston and his men, and the 
prejudice against them most bitter, these verdicts were soon after re- 
garded as just, and the trial a triumph of justice. 

[To be continued.] 

• The trial was before the full bench, and in accordance with the practice of the court at 
this time each judsc gave a cliaivre to ttie jury. 
t HutchinsoD's Hist., Vol. 3, p. 286. 



iJ 'J.'l IK r*^u('J 



'■•'■■'> ■;.!! !'.• .»'j!.")j-:ij ?J; iUif t-ijl- 



1886.] Earhj Matters relating to Dorchester, 253 



EARLY :\IATTEr.S RELATING TO THE TOWN AND 
FIRST CHURCH OF DORCHESTER. 

Communicated b}- "Williaji Blake Trask, Esq., of Dorchester. 



Deed of "William IIaxnum to Jonas Humfret, 
Dorchester, 1G37. 

^f^'IIE following memorandum of ca deed is the earliest unrecorded 
-I- conveyance that we Iiave seen.* It is of the house, home lot, 
(fee, of William Hnnnum, then of Dorchester, Jonas Ilumfrey, 
grantee, the original of which is in possession of the venerable Deacon 
Henry Humphreys, of Dorchester, who is a descendant of Jonas in 
the seventh generation. ]Mr. H. is living on the same plat deeded 
to his first ancestor, the property having been owned and the land 
occupied by the famil}* to the px'esent time. 

Constable Jonas Ilumfrey came from Wendover, co. Bucks, 
England. Tlie family tradition is tliat he arrived in Dorchester on 
the Oth of September, 1037, and the next day bought the premises 
hereafter mentioned. (See Reg. xxxvi. 274.) It appears by rec- 
ord tiiat, on the 10th of September, lGo7, the town granted ''Wil- 
liam Hannam " that part of the swamp lying over against his house, 
60 far as Richard Wade's pale, on condition that said Hannam pay 
liis part of tlie chariie with the rest of the neighbors, niaintaininij a 
bridge over the water. The next paragraph reads thus: — "The 
howse of Willm Hannam with the sayd p'te of his swamp, his hoaine 
lott and great lot, and one aker of meddow hee hath made sales of 
vnto Jonas Humphries with his Interest in the Comons." (See 
Dorchester Town Records, page 29 ; Fourth Report of Record 
Commissioners, Boston, page 24.) 

William Hannum had a son John, born in Dorchester. The 
father removed to Windsor, Conn., Savage thinks as late as IGoD; 
afterwards he went to Northampton, ]Mass., where he died June 1, 
1077. His widow. Honor Hannum (whom Dorothy Upshall, wid- 
ow of Nicholas, culls sister in her will), died at Westfield in 1080. 

Jonas Ilumfrey died iNIarch 19, 1001-2. (See abstract of his 
will, Register, xi. 37, 38.) His son James, a witness to this 
deed, was a Ruling Elder in the Dorchester church. He died ]May 
12, 1080. 

• On tlio 2(] of ^onteniber, 1C37, Joiin Branker, a schoolmaster, who removed to Windsor, 
sold Aniljio-t' Mai tin. al'tLrwanls of Weymouth, his dwelling house, and about thirt.v-six 
acre-- of l.inJ in Dorchester. This was a" few days, only, before the grant made by the town 
to William liiintiuin. 

William Py!ichi,;i, also, in 1031. or earlier, soM his land with the house in Dorchester he 
had built and d(julitic.~.s <;ccui'ied, to Tlinrrias Newberry, a ;zrcat real estate owner of his 
lime.— .'^I'o Durt!i---trr Town Rcords, Vol. I. puge.s 11 and2S. Also, Fourth llei>ort of the 
Record Commi.-aiuuers, imgcs 7 and 21. 

VOL. XL. 23 



254 Early Matters relatlnrj to Dorchester. [Julj, 

Oliver Purchase soli,! land in Dorcliestcr to Thomas Swift, Sept. 
21, llUO; removed to Taunton, suhscqucnrly to Lynn, thence to 
Concord, wliere he died, Xov. 20, 1701. He was a representative 
to tiie General Court in IGiJO, and after that, at the last, says Sav- 
a^re, in It! '^9. 

It vsrill be noticed that the following deed is called a " Memoran- 
dum." One definition of this word, according to "Webster, is " an 
instrument drawn U[) in a brief and compendious form." The date 
is not oiven, but circumstances, stated above, settle it satisfactorily 
to be about the Iflth of So[Uember, 1G37. 

The names of the grantor and of the witnesses were placed at the 
top instead of the bottom of the conveyance, but it is thought more 
appropriate to print them in the usual form. 

Memoraudura 

Tl)at I William Ilamraon of Dorchester; Togetlier with the consent 
of my wife do sell vnto the saide Jonas Ilumfrey of Dorchester my house 
and whom lott of 3 Acres belonging therevnto: with the corne and all 
other fniite vpou together with the Swamp before the doore: and alsoe w'*^ 
plott of land that is my right & pper due and is to be taken at the West 
end of my uhome lott: next vuto Koxberry: My Medow ground jDmised 
at the fresh marsh the ualue of one Acre or thereabouts with my greate 
lott and all other Rights in commons or alotments that shall heere'afVer be 
allotted : for the sum of flue and Therty Pounds to be paide vnto the saide 
William Hammon; or his assigiies by the saide Jonas Humfrey or his as- 
sign's. For payment whereof it is thus agreed; that he y^ saide William 
Ham shall haue 20 pounds at the present sealing heereof and 8 pounds at 
the present tyme when the saide AVillinm Ilammon shall haue cleared the 
house of all gooils and auiioyances, and the other seauen pounds lieraavu- 
ing the saide william Hammon is to haue of the saide Jonas HumfreV a 
hogshead ot meale of the value of 9 Bushels at the price of 3 pounds' 12 
shillings, and the other sum of the payment remaining to be thus. 40 shil- 
lings in money yf that it canbe convenieiidy jDvided, or otherwise the whole 
to be paide iu such sutlicient goods as the saide Jonas Humfrey hath to pay: 
In wituesse whereof: 1 haue set to my hand & seale in the presence of these 
aboue written 

the marke of WilHam Hammon X 
Witnesses. 

James Humfrey (Seal) 

Oliuer Purchis 

On the back of this Memorandum is written the following- cove- 
nant, witnessed probably by the same parties, but names not re- 
peated. 

[th]ese presents I william [Ilamjmon of Dorch [ester] [ ] 

do: couenaut & gmise [ ] [sai]ile Jonas [Humjfrey that In case 

either the Swamp liefore this my hou>e or lots in my pprv riffhTt] These 
which I haue sold to the saide Jonas Humfrt-y the paroeli of that laud t!iat 
IS to be taken iu behind the saide swanine lott belon^fin^ to the saide 
house: shalbe iu after tyme demauudcd or n;4uireJ of the saide Jonas 



i..oR) 



7 ;, ^■ 



>•:>■■■ ■■■>■'} i' 



1S8G.] I^arhj Matters relating to Dorchester. 255 

Hamfrey or Lis ayrcs or assignes I the saide william TIammon aforesaide 
Doe couenaut & ijjmise to the saide Jonas llumfrey [a tore] saide or his 
ayres or assigues to y*^ said Jonas Humfrey or his assignes to be fully satis- 
f\-ed either in possession [or pai]nient for the saide [ ] land of either 

side: and heereunto I haue my hand [in] pres[ence] of these witnesses 
hecre vnderuamed : 



Deed of Jonx Mixot to Joxas and James Humphrey, of 
Dorchester, 165G. 

This early unrecorded deed of land in Dorchester was made, pro- 
bably, to the father and son bearing the above names, though 
strangely enough, through the whole instrument, it is nine times 
written "Jonah" and James. It will be noticed that they are called 
glovers, the manufacture of gloves probably being their occu[)atiou 
when in England. They early turned tlieir attention, according to 
tradition, to the tanning of hides, " whose pits were employed," 
says Mr. Savage in his mention of Jonas the father, " by six gene- 
rations of most worthy descendants." 

John ]Minot, the grantor, was a son of Elder Gcor^-e INIinot, of 
Dorchester, who came from Saffron- Waldcn, Essex, England, and 
settled at Xeponset. The son was born April 2, 1G26, in England ; 
married Lydia Butler, of Dorchester, :\Iay lU, 1G47. He died Au- 
gust 12, 1669. lie was styled "Captain," and is first mentioned 
by name, we think, on the Town liecords in 1652 (page 71). ^ee 
Minot Genealogy, Reg. i. 172. 

We take great pleasure in furnishing in fac-eiraile the autographs 
of the two witnesses to this deed, Henry Conliffe and John Gingiil, 
as their names have been so variously written. AVe are not aware 
of their signatures being extant elsewhere. 

Henry Conliffe, of Dorchester, was made freeman May 29, 1644. 
(See IvEG. iii. 190, where the name reads "Gunlithe.") Pie had 
wife Susan or Susanna. She was admitted to Dnrciiester church 
" 1 mo decimo 43." They had a daughter Susanna born in Dor- 
chester, 15. 1. 1641. (Reg. v. 98.) Mr. Conliffe removed to 
Northampton with the early settlers, and with others from Dorclies- 
ter aided in forming the church there. The following paragraplis, 
copied from the Dorchester Church Records, show the action taken 
by the church in relation to these matters. "28 (2) 61. Mr. 
Eliazer Mather, William Clarke, Henery Ciinlife & Henery Wood- 
ward dismissed to Joyne w^** some otliers for y*' gathering of a 
Church at Xortiiampton." 

"9 (4) 01 was deakon Edward Clapp & M^ Peletiah Glouer now 
at Springfeild & Tho Tilstone chosen as messengers of y" Church to 
goe to Northampton to y'' gathering of y'- Church ther w'''' is to be 
don vpon y'^ 18"' of this instant." 

"23 (4) 61 the messengers of y" Church w-^ weer sent vnto 



nil:/ 



256 Earhj Matters relating to Dorchester. [July, 

Northampton made report of wliat work tlier done namly that vpon 
y'^ day ap[)ointed ther was a Church gathered iu that place ix y- ^i^ 
Eliazcr Mather was then ordahied pastor to that Cliurch the same 
day." Mr. ^Mather was a son of the Rev. Kiehard Mather, of 
Dorchester. 

"1 (7) Gl Sarah, wife of AVilliam Clarke, Elizabeth, wife of 
Henry Woodward, and Susan, wife of Ilcnery Cunllfe dismissed vnto 
y* Church at Northampton." 

Mr. Conllffe died at Xorthampton, Sept. 14, 1G73; the widow 
departed this life, Nov, 19, 1G75. (Ki:o. HI. 17G.) "His only 
child Susanna," says Savage, " had been betrothed to Eldad Pome- 
roy, who died in 1GG2 ; siie married In 1GG3, Matthew Cole, and 
Dec. 12, 1665, John Webb, Jr." 

John Gingill, according to Baylies, was among the first purchas- 
ers at Taunton, his name being the thirty-sixth In order. (Baylies' 
Plymouth, I. 28G.) In 1643 there were .54 males in Taunton, be- 
tween 16 and 20, subject to military duty, John Gingill among the 
number. On the 6th of May, 1646, he was made freeman. As early 
as the 2d of the 12th month, 1646, he was an inhabitant of Dor- 
chester, for at that date we find his name, with other proprietors of 
lands in Dorchester, namely. Richard Mather, John Glover, Ed- 
ward Breck, William Blake, Roger Clap, Cluisto[>her Gibson, AVil- 
liam Sumner, &c., who, in regard to the fencing of their lots, refer- 
red the subject to the arbitration of Isaac Heath, John Johnson and 
AVIlliam Parke, of Roxbury. This committee made their report, 
23. 12, 1646, as on record in the Dorchester Town Book, pages 
100 and 101. (See Fourth Report of Record Commissioners, 
76-78.) 

Bray Wilkins, husbandman, and John Gingill, tailor, bi^th of 
Dorchester, went afterwards to Lynn. They ])urchased of Ricliard 
Belllngham 700 acres of land, Mr. Belllngham's farm, called " Will 
Hill," situated "on the head of Salem, to tiie north west from said 
Towne, there being within the said place, a hill, where an Indian 
plantation sometime had been, & a pond, and about a hundred or a 
hundred & fifty acres of meadow." The territory was granted to 
Mr. Belllngham by the General Court, Sept. 6, 1638. To secure 
the payment of 22b pounds sterling, interest at 8 per cent., this 
land was mortgaged to said Belllngham, who with his wife Pene- 
lope, on the 9th of ]\Iarch, 1659, reconveyed the farm to Wiiklns 
and Gingill. In 1661 the latter parties petitioned the General Court 
to be put under the jurisdiction of Salem, which was allowed. 

March 31, 1673, Wilkins and Gingill mortgaged two third parts 
of the 700 acres, as security for 50 pounds, '* with interest, after 
6 pound p'ccnt," unto John Oxenbridge, Anthony Stoddard and 
Jamea Allen, of Boston, executors of the will of Richard Belllng- 
ham. In 1723 the iniiabitants of this territory were released from 
their ecclesiastical obligations to Salem village, on condition of hav- 



. i r.,; :.r„iv, ,!l.;i j; 



1886.] Early Matters relating to Dorchester. 257 

ing a minister settled over them. In 1728 these lands, with parts 
ofAndover, Boxtord and Topsfield, were incorporated into a town 
by the name of ^Middleton. (Sec Felt's Annals of Salem, i. 210.) 

The will of Julm Gin^nll, of Salem, was made April 10, IG^h, lie 
being at that time, as he states, 70 years old, so that he was b.->ra 
about the year 1G15. This instrument was proved, March 21, lii^o- 
7, by Aaron Wav and " Thomas bayle," two of the three witnesses, 
the other being ^iary Way. He gave to John AVilkins liis lot of up- 
land on the south side of the pond, next Thtnnas Fuller's,^ with 
meadow at the end of the hill, between the pond and the "tinus." 
To his three sisters 10 pounds, " Elizabeth bade " 40 shillin^rs, 
ISIary Wilkins 3 pounds, Abigail Wilkins 5 pounds. To^ Bray 
Wilkins four sons, children to Samuel Child, Thomas Wilkins, 
Henry Wilkins, Benjamin Wilkins, " leadday knickels," " marga- 
ret knit " [to each family 40 shillings] . To the cliurch of Dor- 
chester, 5 pounds ; to m"" Lawson, then minister of Salem vilhige, 
if he continue there till a church be gathered, five pounds. Rirhard 
Hall Sen"", of Dorchester, William Ireland Sen' & John Wilkins, 
executors. 

Inventory of the estate taken by Thomas Fuller and Aaron Way, 
Dec. 20, 1686. r\Ientions 2 Cows, 2 Heifers, 5 Swine. House 
and Land, £150. Total, £174.16.9. 

A John Gingden took the oath of fidelity, July 23, 1674, at a 
court at Pemaquid. (Keg. iii. 243.) 

Besides his own signature, we have seen his name spelled at least 
fourteen different ways, namely — Gengel, Gengell, Gengels, Gen- 
gen, Gengill, Gingden, GiagcU, Giugen, Gingin, Gingine, Gin- 
gion, Gingle, Giugley, Ginjiuu. 

Thifs] Beetle made the Tweiuie fourth Day ofT Decerab'' in the years 
off o'' Lord cue Thousand six hiin<lred tifue &. six Detvveene John Minott off 
Dorchester ia New Eii'daiid yi-oinaii oil' tlie one ptie and Jonnh it James 
Ilumjihrey of Dorchester at'ort-.iyde Glouers otf the other ptie Witue.-seth 
That the sayd John miiiott liw' good & vnhiable Consideration in iiand 
payed haue Giuen (granted BurLrayned & sold Enfeoffed & Confirmed and by 
The?>e i/sents Doe Giiie grant IJargayne tt .sell & l^nfeoffe and Conrljine 
vnto the sayd Jonah iV James humphrie a pole off land in Dorchester iyii:ge 
in the first Devision Beinge eight acres more or lesse with all the a;iur- 
tenances Therotf lyingo witliin The feild Commonly Called y^ eighi: acre 
lotts llein'je Bounded with the land off Jonah & James Humphrey on the 
north })te &; the land of Ricliard IIa[we3 ?] on the south pte oif the -ame 
& the fence otf the eight acre lotts on the ea-t pte as alsoe the fence oil" the 
eigiit acre lotts on the west pte To Ilaue Hold occupie posses and injoy the 
sayd p'mi-^es &c Kuery pUe Theroff with the tfence Therto helonginge 
with all other the appurtenances Theroff vnto tlie sayd Jonah & .James 
humphrie Ther heires &, assigncs tiV Ever and the sayd John IMinot: his 
heirt'-i executo" & a'hniiustratu''' Couenai'.teth & Granteth to and with the 
sayil Jojiah & Janie^ humphrie th-i-r heires execito''' Administrato" an i a=- 
si^ues by thesse p'senis That the sayd p'^mises shallbee and Coutiutie to 
VOL. XL. 23* 



258 Early Matters relating to Dorchester. July, 

bee the pper right & inheritance off the sayd Jon:ih Sc James humphreve 
There heires executors & assignes fo"' Euer without anj- the lett mollesta- 
tiou Trouble or expuUsion oti' him the sayd John IMinott his heires execu- 
tors or assignes or any Chayminge any title clayme or interest to the same 
or any j}te or pole therotf ffrom or vnder him or any off Them Alsoe the 
sayd John ^Minott Doe for himselfe his heires executors & Administrators 
"Warrent iS: Defend the sayd p'"mises &, every pte theroff with the appurte- 
nances theroff vuto the said Jonah «fc James humphrie ther heires e\c as- 
signes for euer by thesse p''sents against the lawfull Clayme off any other 
gson or gsons whattsoeuer. And shall & will pforme v-V doe or Cau^e to 
bee pformed & doun any such further act or acts as hee the savd John 
Minott shalbee thervnto Advised or Required by the sayd Jonah & James 
humphrie or Ther assignes for a more full k!t Dt'ect Couveighiuge or assur- 
inge the sayd p'mises vnto the sayd Jonah & James humphrie Ther heires 
or assignes accordiuge to the lawes oti" This Jurisdiction In witnes the 
sayd John Minott haue hearvnto put his hand & scale The Day & yeare 

^^°"^^^^^^ John Mixott (Seal) 

Signed sealed & Delivered 
iu the p''sence of us. viz 






jo§; 



CoiDiuNiON Cups. 



It will be noticed that John Gin^ill, in his will, gave 5 pounds 
to the church of Dorchester. A silver cup bearincr the name of 
"John Gengen, 1G85," is still in possession of the First Church in 
Dorchester, of which the Rev. C. R. Eliot is now pastor. 

It may be interesting in this connection to give the following ex- 
tracts from the old Church Records : "April 6, 1709. The Church 
hath Xine Pieces of Plate for y'' sacrara" (2 Given by s*^ m"" Stough- 
ton, 2 by m'" Thomas Lake, one by m" Thacher, one by m"" Isaac 
Jones, one by m" Patten, one by m"^ »Iohn Ghigen, one by Anoth' 
hand, all of Silver. In pewter the Chh hath 4 flaggons, 4 pewter 
Dishes, one Basin & Tankard, & one pewter Cup. Agreed that a 
Strong Chest be bought to Lock up y'^ Churches Plate in." 

In a report made to the Church, May 11th, 1709, it mentions 
"a Certain Legacy of Three Pounds bequeathed by m" Burc^esse 
alias Gurnet to be laid out in a Piece of Plate for tiie said Cluirch." 

This person was doubtless ^Irs. Jane Burge, widow of John 
Burge, and formerly the wife of John Gornell, a man well known 
in Dorchester history. 

In referring to the original will of Jane Burge, at the Probate 
office in Boston, made ^larch 2, 1G77-8, [jrovcd ]May 9, 1G78, we find 
that she gave " to the church of Dorchester three pounds in money 



n .}.'• U'.'it iti 111 



1886.] Early Matters relating to Dorchester. 259 

for to purchase A siluer cup for the vse of the church ; " her laud 
was to go to John ^lason and his heirs forever ; in case of their 
death, to tlic poor of the town. In the old cemetery at Dorchester, 
facing Stoughton Street, may be seen, side by side, two promi- 
nent brown gravestones, one l)earing the name of John Gomel, who 
died July 31, 1G75, the other, "Jeane Wife to John Gomel, 
Aged 78 Years Dyed 4 Apryl 1678." See Rkg. iv. 166. AVhy 
her gravestone bears the name of Gomel, rather than Barge, we 
know not. John Burge is mentioned in her will as ''my husband 
John Burge," who is to have the use of house, land, &c. during life. 

The Dorchester Church Record continues : 

"May 22, 1721, Elder Preston gave account of a Xew Piece of 
plate given to y^ Church for y'" Lord's Supper, by m^ Eben. With- 
ington." 

"'At a meeting of the first Church in Dorch. X. E. Lawfully 
warned by y^ Deacons & Convened in the Publick ^Meeting House 
May 18, 1721. It is called the First Church to distinguish it from 
y® Xew Church at Punkapog.'* Article seventh — "That of y^ 
Churches revenues the deacons adde so much to y'' 40sh. bequeathed 
by an Aged Brother old \\V Williams deceased, as may produce a 
midling new silver Cup for y"^ Lords Table. Voted in y^ Affirmative." 

Earlier in this ancient volume we read — "6 of January 1G79, 
Henery Leadbctter Executor to y'' Estate of Tho. Lake deliuer- 
ed two siluer Cups or small beakers w^-' was giuen by Tho. Lake 
vnto y^ Clmrch. 

" Also ^I" Thecher of Boston gaue y® Church formerly a Siluer 
Cup with two ears. 

" Also y* AViddow Clements of Boston gaue another siluer Cup to 
y" Church y*^ 17 Xouem 1678." 

It is a singular coincidence th;it the First Church in Dorchester 
voted Dec. 17, 1877, to give to the Second Church in that town, 
now the Rev. E. X. Packard's, then the Rev. J. H. Means, pastor, 
two silver cups, as a token of good fellowship. The cups presented 
were, one, the gift to the First Church of "'^I. T.," doubtless ^Irs, 
Margaret Thacher, wife of the Rev. Tiiomas Thacher, first minister 
of the Old South Church in Boston, who died in October, 1678, 
the other that of ^Nlrs. Elizabeth Clement, widow of Augustine Cle- 
ment, of Dorchester and Boston. 

Mrs. Thacher was the only child of Henry "Webb, a wealthy mer- 
chant of Boston. Slie was born in Salisbury, Wilts, and baptized 
there, Sept. 25, 1625. Siie married, in 1642, Jacob Sheafe, who 
"seems," says Savage, "to have had the largest estate of any that 
had hitherto died at Boston." AVidow ^Margaret Sheafe became subse- 
quently, as before stated, the second wife of the Rev. Thomas 
Thacher. The name of ^Margaret Thacher, with that of twenty-five 
other females, nacmbers of the First Churrb. in Boston, de-^iroiis of 
joining the Third or Old South Church, may be found appended to 



'j! 



I- 
0» 



260 Earhj Mailers relaling to Dorchester. [July, 

an earnest appeal in behalf of their religious rights, dated August 
27, 1G7-4. The council decided in favor of the petitioners. See a 
fac-simile of the names in "An Historical Catalogue of the Old 
South Churchy Boston" facing page 246. 

On the 4th of January, 1882, the Dorchester First Church voted 
one cup each to other societies in the town, namely, to the Third 
Church, Rev, George M. Bodge, pastor; Harrison Square Church, 
Rev. Caleb Davis Bradlee; Xeponset, Hev. Charles B. Elder. Tlie 
original donors of these cups to the First Church were in the fol- 
lowing order. ]Mrs. Justin Patten, widow of Nathaniel Patten, 
will made Jan. 2, 1673, proved Feb. 3, 1675, gives "To the 
Church of Dorchester, five pounds to be Layd out in a peece of 
plate for the service of the Lord's table " (Third Church) . Ebenezer 
Mawdsley, 1744, will made March 8, 1739-40, proved Sept. 27, 
1740, gives "to the Church in Dorchester Twenty pounds, to the 
Rev*^ Pastor [Rev. Jonathan Bowman] five pounds, to the Church in 
Stoughton, Twenty pounds" (Harrison Square). Ebenezer With- 
ington, probably the donor of 1721, before mentioned (Xeponset). 

John Butrge. 

TVe give a few more items relating to his family. The second 
wife of John Burge was the widow of Isaac Learned, who was the 
8on of "William of Charlestown, according to Savage. ^Ir. Learned 
married ]Mary Stearns, of Watertown. He settled first in AYoburn. 
In 1652, he sold his house and lands to Bartholomew Pierson, of 
AVatertown, and moved to Chelmsford, where he was a selectman. 
He died Xov. 27, 1657. Mary, his widow, married, says Dr. 
Bond, June 9, 1662, John Burge, late of Weymouth. She died 
Jan. 8, 1663. It woidd appear that Mr. Burge next married widow 
Grisell Gurney, he being her fourth husband, she having been pre- 
viously wedded to Thomas Jewell and Humphrey Griggs, both of 
Braintrce, and a Mr. Gurney, whose christian name and residence 
we have not ascertained. " Grisol wife of Jn° Burge died July 9, 
1669," in Chelmsford. In June, 1676, Burge married Jane, widow 
of John Goruell, of Dorchester. She died, as before mentioned, 
April 4, 1678, and he died on the 22d of October following. 
(Register, xvi. 79.) The will of John Burge, of Chelmsford, on- 
file at the Suffolk Probate office, but not on record, bears date, June 
1, 1671. He bequeaths twenty shillings apiece to the six children 
of Isaac Lerned, namely, ^lary Barron [wife of Moses Barron], 
Hannah Farwell [wife of Joseph Farwell], William Lerned, Sarah 
Lerned, Isaac Lerned, Benony Lerned, on condition that he be ac- 
quitted from the four [sic~\ pounds that was claimed in their behalf by 
the grandmother of the children, probably widow ]Mary Stearns. 
Upon further consideration and at the grandmother's request, .-Jr. 
Burge, in a codicil, gives the six pounds to four of the children of 
louccu, b(;<wiiiij i.i:e name of Lerned, viz. William, Sarah, Isaac and 



1886.] Some Doubts concerning the Senrs Pedigree. 2G1 

Benony, "becaus that ^lary t^- linnnn," who were married, the latter 
Dec. 25, IGGG, "had somtliinir given before." Tiie rest of his es- 
tate John Burge gives to liis "too suns," Samuel Burge and Joim 
Burge. To Samuel, the eldest, a double portion, being land at 
Stony brook, with all the accommodations, and his horse. To his 
"youiigist sun John," his house and land in the town of Chelmsford, 
with the accommodations thereunto belonging. The residue of his 
stock, after the debts and legacies are paid, to be divided between 
sons Samuel and John ; the former to be his executor. This will 
was proved in court, at Boston, Xov. 4, 1679, the two witnesses, 
Hannah Thacher and Samuel Steriies, testifying. It would seem 
that John, senior, had four wives, the first one being the mother of 
his sons Samuel and John. 

John Burge was one of the proprietors of land in Chelmsford ; 
had six acres in possession, 12. 1st month. 1666. Allen's Chelms- 
ford, page 169. ]May 4, 1674, he conveyed to Thomas Hinchman, a 
house and upwards of 22 acres of land in Chelmsford, situated partly 
upon Beaver brook. His son, John Burge, who married Triall 
Thayer, of Braintree, left two sons, John and Samuel. Inventory 
of his estate rendered ^March 8, 1705-6. John, the third, had wife 
Sarah. Will proved, Oct. 2^, 1761, mentions sons Josiah and 
David, and daughters Sarah Blanchard, Lydia Taylor, Esther 
Burge, Elizabeth Burge, Lucy Burge. In 1718, John Burge con- 
tributed ten shillings towards building the first school-house in 
Chelmsford, says Allen. Among the children of Josiah Burge, 
above, who settled in Westford, was a daughter Susanna, wdio mar- 
ried Kcuben Kidder in 1754. They were the grandparents of the 
late Frederic Kidder, of Melrose, author of various historical w^orks. 

Dr. John G. ^letcalf, of Mendon, Mass., in 1868, contributed 
an article to the Bf.gister, xxiii. 4C-46, entitled ''Grisell Gurney,'" 
in which is noted the connection of Grisell with John Burge and 
others. 



SOME DOUBTS COXCERXIXG THE SEAPtS PEDIGREE. 

By Sakcel Pearce May, Esq., of Newton, Mas3. 

O OME years since, at the earnest solicitation of members of the 
^J family, I undertook the task of revising tlie "Sears Genealogy" 
and bringing it down to date. I did so in the belief, common to 
the family and public generally, that the English ancestry of Rich- 
ard Sares, of Yarmouth, as published, was entirely reliable, and 
that little more was to be learned on that head. 

^ Soon after commencing my labors, my attention was drawn to 
discrepancies in the pedigree, seemingly irreconcilable, and an in- 
vestigation was found necessary. Tlic result of my researches proves 



bun 
1 iinn'ih :•.<^7; n 



262 Some Doubts concerninrj the Sears Pedigree. [July, 

beyond question that not one step of the pedigree can be substanti- 
ated by records, and on the contrary some poi'tlons are impossible, 
and others in conflict with known authorities. 

I have been desired to give the facts publicity, in 07\ler that the 
pedigree may no longer he copied, and quoted as authority, ■^s 
has been done in numerous local histories and family genealogies, 
and in the hope that, attention being drawn to the subject, re- 
neived searches may discover the true origin of Richard Sares 
of Yarmouth. Want of space forbids my alluding to many errors, 
and I will therefore only refer to those most vital to the pedigree, 
as printed in "Pictures of the Olden Time," etc., ed. 1857, Crosby, 
Nichols & Co., Boston. 

Part II. 

P. 10. "John- Sater of Colchester. Alderman, etc. d. 1509, leaving 
by Elizabeth his wife, three sons, viz. Joii.v, Robert and George. 

" The eldest of these, Joux, d. in 15G2, leaving two sons, viz. Richard 
and George. 

" The e\lest of these. Richard, is the subject of the first of the sketche3 
in 'Pictures of the Olden Time.' He was born in Colchester in 1503, 
married Anne Bourchier, dau. of EJm'^ Knyvet of Ashwellthorpe, co. 

Norf, second son of Sir Edw'^ Knyvet Richard became a fugitive 

to Holland in 1537, and d. Amsterdam, 1510 His wife, the Lady 

Anne, clung faithfully to her husband in his adversity, and incurred the 
lasting displeasure of the Knyvets. 

r " It is inferred that her father became so bitterly estranged from her, as 
to erase her name from all his family records, that she might be forgotten 
for ever, for he gave to a younger daughter the name of Anne, while she 
■was yet living, 

" George Saver, in consequence of Richard's flight, secured for himself 
possession of the patrimonial inheritance. 

"This George d. 1577 Ilia descendant and eventual heiress 

married Sh- John Marsham." 

Note. The Registers of St. Peter's Church, of which John Sayer and his de- 
scendants in Colchester were parishioners, commence in 1653, more than one hun- 
dred years after the alleged tli^ht of iiichard Saycr to Holland ; and of course con- 
tain no reference to the^'famiiy proviou-; to thut date. The brass to Johu S.iyer, 
Aid. represents him kneeling with his wife, four sons and a daughter, and gives 
the name of his wife, but not those of his children. The Heralds' Visitations of 
Essex do not mention the Saver family previous to that of 1012, which gives 
" George Sayer, of Col. in co.Ess.. gentle, sjnne i heire. & John Sayer of L'ol. 2^ 
Sonne," as children of " Sayer uf Cul. in Esses. Gent." 

George and John married sisters, co-heiresses of Wesden ; and their childreri 
quartered their mother's arms, which periiaps led M^jrant to err in his History of 
Colchester, where he makes George the father to John's children. 

If we may believe the Heralds," George Sayer was the eldest son and rightful 
heir; — that his brother John was a s'tond .s.jn, is confirmed by his brass in bt. 
Peters, which is diiferenced with a crescent. A special, but not eshau-tive, search 
in London, by Mr. H. F. U'aters, re-ulted in fluding many Sayer wills, but none cer- 
tainly identihcd with the Colchester family, except that of tlie abuve-naracd Georae 
Sayer, ob. )5T7. lie mentions his cliildren and gi-aiidchlidren, brother Itubert s 
children, and nephew Ric'^ard Say... T:.. inUer, .^un of John Sayer, died IGIO, a)t. 
80, leaving an heire-s. , i^. •• 

It- 'vlii hn r.h-erveU that the parentage of George Sayer is not given in the V isita- 
wr-", and John was hia brother, not his father. 



•J V -^.-J (.; ii v;i^j J.,,; ^, 



18SG.] Some Doubts concerning the Scars Pedigree. 2G3 

There wa? perhaps one generation between them and John Sayer, Aid. 
I-''^*-* 'U'ddle names of Enirchier. given to Anne B^urchier Knyvet, and later to 
John Jiourehier S.iyer, tather and ?..u. are clearlv anachronisms, as is also that of 
Ann JMiyvet ^ayer, and tvnd to discredit the pedigree. ' Rev. Aug. Jessop, D.D., 
of East Dureliam, Norlblk, has for years made the history and gcnenloiry of the 
Knyvet family an especial study. 1 am informed by him that Edmlind Knvvet had 
four married daughters, but nune named Anne, much less two of that nam'e ; that 
he died insolvent, and in his will mentions none of his children bv name. If there 
was an Anne, she does not seem to have been treated ditlerently from her sisters. 

^P. 12. " Jonx BouRcniER Sater was born, say the family papers, in 

"I suspect, however, that this is a mistake, and .that the date is too early, 
for it would make his father but little more thau 19 years of age at his 
marriage 

"Another date has it in 1-5.35 

" He m'^ Eliz^ dau. of Sir John Hawkins, , and d. Holland, leaving 

by Eliz'', his wife, four sons, viz : Joii.v Bourchier, Henry, AVilliam and 
Richard. Of the last three we have no facts, except that they were born 
in Plymouth, Eng'', and that they settled in Kent. Plvmouth was proba- 
bly the temporary residence of their mother, while their father was with 
Hawkins as a navigator. Of John Bourchier I have given some account in 
the ' Pictures.' The date of his birth is given in the family papers as 15 Gl. 

" I have put it a little later for several reasons. He m* Marie L. dau. 
oi Philip Lamoral van Egmond, and acquired with her a large fortune, prin- 
cipally in money." 

^'^y'^- J^'ir- Sears's ideas in regard to dates,'go important in a genealo"-y, are very 
elastic. ihe_ biographies generally state that Sir John Hawkins was born 1520, 
but they are in error. He died Nuv. 1-J. 1595, and his widjw erected a monument 
to his memory m St. Uun.=t:in-^-in-the-East, Lond )n rufwiiich he was parishioner 
some thirty years), with a Latin inscription, setti.Tg forth his forty-three years of 
service by sea and land ; and a wooden mural tablet with English verses, printed 
m atow s London, ed. Strype, 1720, Vol. 1. Book ii. pp. 44, 5. It ends thus : 
" Ending his life with his experience, 

By deep decree of God's hi'-li Providence, 

His years to six times ten, &, tliree amounting. 

The ninth, the seventh ciimacteriek by countfng. 

Dame Katherine, liis first religious wife. 

Saw years, thrice ten , k two of mortal life." 

l^^I^''^1^t^■^'■■'■^*"■^V*''^^^^'^■''' ''"^ ^^ J"^^'"^ "f ^--e in 1595, and so born about 
15J^ and this iseonhrmed by reckoning fiis " 43 yca'rs of service " back from 1595, 
wh eh brings us to 1^..2, when he would have been about 21, also by the fact that 
he Ma, admitted freeman of Plymouth in 1555-6, a step alto-ether nece-ary at that 
period to a man in his pn^nion, and one that would not have been unnecessarily 
delayed after he attained his majority. 



lie removed to London in 157.3. and succeeded his father-in-law, uunson, as 
..easurerof the Navy IIis wih, was then living, and as she died at the a-e of 
J2,_she could not have been born earlier than 1541. 



John Bourchier Saycr. Jr is said to have been 'born in 1501. At that time John 
laM kms was 2!J, and his wi e GO years of age. Neither could have had a dau-hter 
ol marriageable age at that date 




Kinses ueiongetl, commence in l;..-.j, m wnich year John Hawkins removed to Lon- 
don, and no reco-.i of hnu c- th: .payers is to be found there 

r ' 'J", -r' T '''trV ""'^'' •'■'"T ^- "" f^;?mond. The late Mr. S. Alofson of 

Di^P \\ui ni> ^".v'"'",/"'' c^'^'^^r^'J anti.iuarianj. addrc-sed to the late S. G. 
l^rake, then Editor ot the Registlr, a letter which is nn fiip Tm ,> >,o ..o^... .v.' I 



a letter which is on file. In it he ctates that 



2G4 Some Doubts concerning the Sears Pedigree. [July, 

the Ei^Diond family never had a resifh^nce in Amsterdam, and that the family i^en- 
ealOiTj^ has been brought down to the latter part of the last century and printed : — 
that^it contains the name of but one Philip v. Esmond, viz., the son of Cuunt Es- 
mond, and tliat if J ihn Bmrchicr ;^ayer did marry one of the family, his wife must 
have been of an i)b-cure and unknown branch ; — a fact somewhat ineonsistent with 
the '■ huge fortune,'" even in money, which she is eaid to have brouyht her hus- 
band. 

P, 13. "John Bocrciiiku Sayer, m'' Marie L. van Eguiond, Amster- 
dam, 1585, aud had Marie L. b. 1587, Kichaud io'JO, John 1502, ai.d 
Jane Kiiyvet 159G. 

" These dates are copied from the fixmily papers of the Searses of Chat- 
ham, and I think they are correct. Such a series depending upon each other 
would not be all wrong. Juhu Dourcliier Saver purchased with his wife's 
fortune, property in England, adjoining the lauds which he hoped soou to 
recover. 

"Amonf the estates thus bouglit vi-ere Bourchier and Little Fordham 
Manors, both of which had in former times belonged to his aucestors." 

Note. In the parlor of Richard Sears, of Chatham, there formerly hun;:^ a chart 
pedigree of the family, now in pnssession of a descendant. 

Tins oharc states that Kieiiard Sares was born Aiusterdam. 1013, twenty-three 
years later tlian the printed acc;jant, and much moie likely to be the correct date- 

Morant and \Vii_'ht, in their hist orii s of E<sox. state that 13 >archier Ilall, or Lit- 
tle Fordham, derives its name from its ancient owners, the Earls of Esses. Sir 
Robert Bourchier died possessed of B lurchier'.s Hail in 13C8. and it remained in 
the fanuly until cjntiscated. — Queen Eiizibetii rcLTanted it to William, Manpiis of 
Nortlumipton, who sold it to George bayi.T in lo74. Ic continued in his descend- 
ants, finally passing to the Marsl.am family by niarriaije, fell into decay, was divid- 
ed and sold. A part is now used as a farmhouse. I liiid no record that it ever 
before belonged to the Styers. 

V. \\. Here Mr. Sears prints his only piece of documentary evidence, 
viz., a letter from J. Ilawes, Yarmouth, June 20, 1798, to Daniel Sears, of 
Chatham, in which he signs himself, 

'• Your affectionate relative, and friend J. Ilawes." 

lu it ^Ir. Ilawes refers to sundry ''curious and important documents," 
"I have heard from your brother Richard, that Knyvet Sares, or 
Sears, before he went to London, au<l some years before his death, collect- 
ed and arranged these valuable papers with the inteatiou of using them. 
They had long remained neglected and uncared for. 

'• AmoniTf them was a list of marriages, births and deaths, similar to that 
which I now send, aud many original deeds and letters, v.'ith a long corres- 
pondence between the Sayres, the Knyvets. and others in England. 

" It seemed to be closed by a letter from John Bourchier Sares, dated 
Leyden, 1G14. 

" Your brother always speaks highly of this letter A highly in- 
teresting manuscript was compiled from these papers, and came into pos- 
session of Daniel Sears, your father. 

" The original letters were taken to England, by Knyvet, aud are pos- 
sibly still there in the hands of some of the family. Tlie manuscrii)t was 
last seen aud read so late as 17C0, — but neither the one nor the other are 
now to be found. It may be the originals are not lost, but the copy, your 
brother thinks, was either burut, or carried away when the family mansion 

was nearly destroyed iu 170o I send such facts as I have been 

alile to collect, ass'isted by Ilichard and M' Colman." 

Note. I have been unable to identify the writer of tin's letter, or asccrtai.^• his re- . 
lationship to the family. 



188G.] Some Doubts concerning the Sears Pedigree. 2G5 

The signature attracts attention by it> variance from the universal custom of 
the period, of writing the name in t'uU. The only marriage recorded between the 
Sears and Ilawcs families is that of Jonatlian Sears and Elizabeth, daughter of Dea. 
Joseph Hawes, of Yarmouth, in 1721. This Jonathan was second cousin, once 
removed, to Daniel Stars. 

_ I am aware that tlie Scars Genealogy says that Daniel Sears, of Cliatham, mar- 
ried I70S, Sarah Ilawcs, daughter of J. llawes, uf Yarmouth (another mysterious 
J.), and this error, fjr such it is, has been perpetuated on the Sears monuments in 
Chatham, Yarmoutli and Colchester. On Yarmoutt) town records the natne is 
clearly written Howes, and the will of Samud lluwes, of Yarmouth, recorded iiarn- 
stable Prob. Rec. iv. 90, mentions " daus. Sarali .^ears. >.t IJupe Seavs," who mar- 
ried the brotliers Daniel and lliolinrd Sears, and ' Mercy Sears," who married 
theircoU:^in, JosiahS.ars. "J. Ilawts" the letter writer mav stand for Dea. Jo.seph 
Hawes, the schoolmaster, who flourished in IT'JS. and lonu after. 

There is no record, or tradition, in Chatham, of the family mansion havino; been 
"nearly destroyed in 17G3."' Benjamin Ban^js, of Harwich, who chronicled'^in his 
diary more trivial events happening!; in Chatham at that time, makes no nienti(m of 
the occurrence, and when the old buiidim; was taken down in L>63, the original 
timbers were in place, with the barli-still on, and there was no trace of 'its ever pass- 
ing through the fiery ordeal. 

A tiadition that Deborah Sears broke through the floor of " the Ion'' chamber,"' 
while dancing on her wedding night in 17-12, was confirmed bv a patch in the 
floor boards. And, we may ask, why should J. Hawes relate to Daniel Sears par- 
ticulars with which he should have been conversant from childhood, and when his 
brother Richard, living in the same town, could have given the information at first 
hands? 

We admire the vivid recollection, after the lapse of thirt3--eight years, of Rich- 
ard Sears, of the letters, etc., read last, when he was scarce eleven j'ears of age. 

P. 16. "John- Bourchikr Sayer. d. 1G29. By Marie L. Egmond, his 
wife, he left two sons, and two daugliters, viz.: Richard. John, Marie and 

Jane. The three latter v\-eiit to England and settled iu Kent 

_" Richard Sxyeh or Sears His birth is variously i^iven, but 

1590,^we think, is the true date. He m'^ Dorothy Thacher, at" Plymouth, 
iu lGo2. The likeness of him was taken from 'a painting in Holland, iu 

posses_si^on of the Egmont family, and is supposed to be connect He 

d^ 1G76, and his wife in IG-SO. By her he had the following children, viz.: 

Knyvet, Paul, Silas and Deborah Knyvet Sears was b. 1G35. m'^ 

Eliz'^ Dymoke, went to England on a second vova^e, and d. IGSG, at 

the residence of his relative, Catherine (subsequently Barouess Berners), 
dan. of Sir John Knyvet, and wife of John Harris, Esq. 

" The evidences he carried with him were uever recovered. He left two 
children, Daniel and Richard." 

Note. I have already alluded to the doubtful date assigned for Richard Sares's 
birth. Ihe statement that he married Dorothy Thacher at Plymouth in 1G32 
?eeds confirmation. His name first appears there in the tax list of 25 March, Ifi.33 
Ihere I-, no known record of the marriage, and no Dorothy is known to the Thacher 
genealogists. It is claimed that she was sister to Antony Thacher, and Richard 
fcares in his will calls him " bro. Thacher," and Antony Veon John, in an affida- 
vit, calls him " Uncle Sares."' 
<. J''^'"-''^^'' Thacher, of Beckington, co. Somerset, in his wiU proved 1611, mentions 

bro. Antony, and Clement Thacher of Marston Eiirot, in his will dated 102!), 
and proved 1639, names "bro. Antony" and others. "Rl-v. Peter Thacher of Sa- 
rum made his will in IGIO, and mentions " bro. Antony " and " sister Ann. wife 
01 Llins. Latts, and other relatives, among them his " wife's si.^ter Dorothy " (of 
wtiom 1 would much like tu learn further; she is supposed to have fx-en an All- 
wo^rj^ ,t Would seem, if they had a sister Dorothy, one or the other would 
fiave remembered her. But it is more probable that Richard Sares (sj he wrote 
riis name) married Dorothy Batts, a sister of the above-named Christopher, who 
came over w.th her brotiier and iiis family, m " ]ievi.s " from Southampton to 
L^nn, in 103b, she then being aged ::U. 
VOL. XL. 24 



2G6 jSo}ne Doubts concerning the Sears Pedigree. [Julj, 

The precise date of their arrival is not known, but it appeara bj' an enJ.«r>ement 
on Lord Treas. ^\*a^rant, tliat the vessel sailed before May 2, and they probably 
arrived in Jane, or even earlier. 

Richard Sares was then in Marblehead, as we learn from fealem tax list. 1 Jan. 
103T-S. and on 14 Oct. 1638. he was ^aranted three acres of land " where he had 
formerfy planted." The connection of Dorothy Batts and Antony Thaoher fully 
ju*titicd the terms of relationship quoted,— see a parallel case citud by the i=.:e Col. 
J.L. Chester, in Register, xxi. 3^5. The fame cause perhaps influenced Kiohard 
t>ares to remove to Yarmouth in 1639, with the party led by Antony Thachtr. In a 
note to first edition of the " Pictures," the portrait of Richard " The Piljrim." 
is said to be from the Egmout gallery in Amsterdam, which more detinicely lo- 
cates it. 

There formerlv hun? in the west parlor of Squire Richard Sears of Chatham, a 
paintincj which Mrs. Scars was wont to call " Sir Richard," supposed by s -e per- 
sons to have been the oriirinal. This is an error. It was given after the^ Si;ure"s 
death to his widow, by his nephew, and is a copy. It doubtless originally repre- 
sented one of the family, judi:inir from the resemblance to some of them, but who, 
and when, and where painttd, is a mystery. .,,:,:,• 

It is evident Rev. E. H Sears did not know of Richard ^ares s wiU recordei in 
Plymouth, or he would not have written that he had an eldest son Knyve:. bora 
16'35, died 1666. In his will dated 10. 3 mo. 1667, Richard Sares names " my elder 
eon Paule Sares," and in the codicil dated 3 Feb. 1676, he a^ain mentions "my 
eldest son Paule Sares." Paul made oath to tlie inventory, 15 Nov. 1676. berVce John 
Freeman, Assistant, who calls him " Paule Sares eldest son of Richard Sares de- 
cea.sed." ' John Freeman lived near by, and must have known the whole faiiir.y. _ 

There is no allusion to Knyvet in tlie will, although he i-^ said to have bee^ alive 
twenty years after the will, and ten years after tlie codicil were written ; nor is there 
any reference to estates in England. Neither the name of Knyvet Sares, or Eliza- 
beth Dymoke his wife, is to be fjund in colony, town, court or church recor.:-. nor 
i.s there any gravestone to either ; — no record of administration upon the estate of 
either, or appointment of guardian to their infant children. 

Richard Sares never had a son Knyvet. The name was unknown on the Cape 
until the publication of the " Pictures," and has never been adopted as a :a;uily 
name, except by the Chatham branch in one instance, and then for a tenth '-;r._nd. 

Although " the papers taken to England by Knyvet were never recoverei." and 
the copies°in Chatham were " lost, or destroyed," a tablet was erected in 1?j5 to 
his memory in Colchester, which states that it was " Inscribed by Catlierir.e Har- 
ris in 1637"! 

P. 19. "Paul Seaks, b. 1637. He inherited most of his father's 

property 

'" He adopted the children of his bro. Knyvet after the death of their 
father in England, and they were brought up in his family. 

" His will is on Old Colony records, in which his brother's children are 

named as his own sons The names of his sons were, Samuel, Paul 

and John." 

Note. Paul Sears died Feb. 20, 1707. 8, in his 70th year, according to his gr. « 
stone in Yarmouth Cemetery, and was therefore born not earlier than 16:3-^. His 
will is recorded in Barnstable, not in Old Colony records. The names of his_ohild- 
ren on Yarmouth records have been obliterated, but the dates of birth vf ^ven 
remain. From other sources we have been enabled to learn the names of ^ve sons 
and four daughters, leaving one dauirhter unnamed, ilis la.st two children were 
his sons, Richard, born 1650, and Daniel, bjrn 1632. In the Sears C-?r.ealogy 
these names are reversed, Richard, being said to be the youngest, and born 1^~4._ 

Their frave-stones in Chatham prove the contrary. In his will Paul Se-irs gives 
his real ^tate to his sons Samuel, Paul and John, charged with a payment :■> their 
" brothers " Richard and Daniel, towards their purchase of land in Munam t. We 
/. , ' ,1 . .1 .1. , — r~ „„,!„► o.^^„^.„^ , ™«_..i.. «f o.,,.; 



1886.] Some Doubts concerning the Sears Pedigree. 267 

T!ie claim to estates in England is purely mythical. The " family papers," if 
Btill in existence, are not now accessible to inquirers. 

For the benefit of future investigators, I will note the genesis of the Pedigree, 
etc., so far as seems desirable. 

About the year 1845, the late Mr. H. G. Somerby was employed 
to collect data re^ardinuj the Sears family in England, and a pamph- 
let was issued, entitled '" Notices of the Sears Family, from Sir Ber- 
nard Burke's Works, and Somerby's Collections in England, etc." 
The manuscript of his collection is in the library of the Mass. Hist. 
Society, Boston. It consists of a mass of extracts from Ipcal his- 
tories, &c., showing no connection with the American family, and 
of "Extracts from parish registers, and family papers in possession 
of Hon. David Sears, Boston." 

It is evident Mr. Somerby found nothing to connect the English 
and American families, or he would have given the data in full, with 
authorities, as he has done in other genealogies. In conversa- 
tion with a well-known Boston gentleman, he gave him clearly to 
understand that he did not assume responsibility for many of the 
statements in the pedigree. In 1852, Sir Bernard Burke published 
the first volume of " Visitations of Seats and Arms," which contains 
at p. 52 of Part II. an amplified account of the family, claiming that 
by right of primogeniture the Chatham branch is the "Head of the 
American Sears Familv." This was followed in 1863, in third 
series of " Vicissitudes of Families," by a sketch entitled '' A Pilgrim 
Father." Burke now repudiates the articles, and they are left out of 
later editions. 

In 1884, he wrote me that he received the material from 3lr. 
Somerby, but had since made investigation and found " that the de- 
tails were not only not proven, but ^also incapable of proof, if not 
altogether wrong, and opposed to fact." 

In 1857, Rev. E. H. Sears published "Pictures of the Olden 
Time," to which was added in a later edition a Genealogy of the 
familv. In his preface he states that he derived his facts mainly 
from'Burke's "Visitations of Seats and Arms," and from " family 
papers." But few copies were distributed. 

In the letter of J. Ilawes, before quoted, he says he has been 
"assisted in his collections by ^M' Col man and Richard." This is 
confirmed by a manuscript in handwriting of Hon. David Sears, of 
Boston, dated Feb. 10, 1845, in possession of Gen. C. W. Sears, 
of Oxford, Miss., entitled "Memoranda of the Sears, from Minutes 
collected by J. Hawes and William Colman to 1800,— and contin- 
ued by Richard Sears of Chatham to 1840," "Copied from the 
original in possession of M" Richard Sears of Chatham." It is full 
of important errors, and varies from the records and from the pub- 
lished genealogy. 

We cannot 'fix the share of either of the trio in the production of 



Y ■' !'. Oil J 8'j 



! lU 



•(•"( o'i't ni •>i-'* '.(ill hi T:>*i!i'.i 'h> -m: 



2QS Some Doubts concerning the Sears Pedigree. [July, 

these "minutes," but one fact will sliow how little "Squire Rich- 
ard " could have known of them. In tliis document his mother, Fear 
Freeman, is said to have heen the daughter of John Freeman, of 
Sandwich, and the printed genealogy makes a similar statement. 
She was in fact tlie daugiiter of Benjamin Freeman of Harwich, by 
his wife Temperance Dimmick, as shown by his will recorded in 
Barnstable. 

Kichard Sears was 9 years old when his gr.-father died, and 24 
when his gr.-mother died. They lived in adjoining towns, and it 
is absurd to suppose that he did not know his grandparents' names 
and residence, or that such a gross error could have escaped his 
notice. 

]Mr. Colman was his brother-in-law, and resided in Boston ; his 
part in the matter is not evident. Of J. Hawes I have already 
written. If we accept his letter as evidence, then the storr is appa- 
rently traced back to Daniel Sears who died Chatham, 1761, a. 49. 
It appears by records of Probate Court in Barnstable, Feb. 10, 
1758, that "upon inquisition of the Selectmen of Ciiatham," Daniel 
Sears was adjudged non compos, and his wife Fear was appointed 
his guardian. 

Swift's "History of Old Yarmouth," published 1885, states that 
"the marriage of liichard Sears and Dorothy Thacher, and the birth 
of Knyvet Sears, are recorded in a bible left by Eichard Sears of 
Chatham, kept in the family for several generations." I have been 
unable to hear of any person who has seen this bible. An inquiry 
addressed three years since to a descendant of Squire Richard, was 
the cause of letters to all her " Uncles, Aunts and Cousins," who 
one and all replied, "they had never seen or before heard of such 
a bible." They would be grateful for any hint of its whereabouts. 

In conclusion : — it is possible there may have been some ancient 
alliances of the Saver, Knyvet and Hawkins families, and the family 
genealogist may have erred in placing "the flesh on the wron-' 
bones." 

About 1500, one Edmund Knyvet died at Stanwav, the next par- 
ish to Colchester, leaving his second si;ter. Lady Thomasine Clop- 
ton, his heir; and about tlie same time a family of Hawkinses were 
settled at Braintree, some twenty miles distant', of which one John 
Hawkins, a wealthy clothier, bought estates in Colchester, and set- 
tled at Alresfurd Hall, hard by, circa 1000. 

There was more than one family of Hawkins in Plymouth, and 
another John was m;ide a freeman there the same year as the famous 
Admiral. Somerby does not notice these families, and thev were 
apparently unhno'-cn to him. 

'* Mofjna est Veritas, el prevakl/iL'* 



:r. 1. 



1886.] JVew England Gleanings. 269 



NEW ENGLAND GLEANINGS. 

[Continaed from page 60.] 

XIV. 

THE following summary of the genealogical matter in LechforJ's 
Note Book, which identifies the English homes of early settlers 
in this country, is taken from the Nation (New York, March 4, 
1886) ; and with a few additional items found in the Note-Book 
and inserted by the writer, is offered as appropriate for publication 
among the "New England Gleanings " of the Register. The dates 
of the entries are omitted, but they are all between the years 163S 
and 164L . 

George K. Clarke. 

1. Augustin Clement of Dorchester, N. E., leased land in "Wockingham, 
CO. Berks, to John Tinker of Boston. Mentions sisters Margaret Mathew 
and Anne Clement, tlie hitter of Shenlield, also brother John deceased. 

2. John Hood of Cambridge, N. E., leases laud in Halsted, co. Essex, 
to William Dineley of Boston. Mentions father-in-law, Thomas Beard. 
Mother Anne. 

3. Samson Shotton of Mt, Wollaston, N. E., son of Thomas S. of Crop- 
ston, CO. Leicester, mentions brother Anthony S. 

4. The will of John Newgate of Boston, N. E., mentions land in Hor- 
ningerth, co. Suffolk. 

5. William Wilson of Boston, N. E., sells land in Dunnington, co. Lin- 
coln. Brother Thomas Wilson, father William. 

6. Katherine Cojtmore of Charlestown, N. E., states that her husband 
was Thomas Grey of Harwich, co. Essex, and her daughters were Parnell, 
wife of Increase Nowell of Charlestown ; Katheritre, wife of Thomas 

Graves of Wapping ; and Susanna, widow of Eaglesfield. She was 

daughter of Robert ^lyles of Sutton, co. Suffolk. 

7. Rev. John Cotton of Boston, N. E., makes Robert Brown of Poyn- 
ton or Horbliiig, co. Lincoln, his attorney. 

8. Ralph Sprague of Charlestown, N. E., some time of Fordington, co. 
Dorset, and wife Joan, daughter of Richard Warren of said F., make Wil- 
liam Derby of Dorchester, co. Dorset, their attorney. Sister Alice iCames. 

9. John Graves of Roxbury, N. E., makes Robert Wood of Harlow and 
Nicholas Campe of Nasing, co. Essex, attorneys to receive rents from his 
sister, the widow Lydia Ford of Nasing. 

10. Elizabeth and INIary Woolcott, daughters of John W. of Glaston, co. 
Somerset, and late of Wut^^rtown, in N. E., appoint their uncles, Richard 
Vayle and Christopher Atkins of said G., attorneys. [Xote in margin, 
write to Henry Woolcott of Windsor in N. E., and Edward W. of Ax- 
bridge, CO. Somerset.] 

11. James Cade of Northara, co. Devon, now of Boston in N. E., had 
father Christopher C, brother John, and sister Thomasiae, wife of 'john 
Eoe of Abbotsham, co. Devon. 

VOL. XL. 24* 



'.i..if.>.i i ;.'' 



>-r. .. '.'il 



270 2feio England Gleanings. [J'aly, 

12. Henry Grey of Boston had a brother who was a citizen of London. 

13. Matthew Allyn of Connecticut sold land to Thomas Allyn of Barn- 
stable, CO. Devon. 

14. Osmond Douch of Bridport, co. Dorset, had wife Grace and son 
Robert. He was afterwards of Gloucester in N. E. 

15. Thomas Purches of Pagiscott in N. E. makes Daniel Adams, roper 
and citizen of Bristol, his attorney. 

16. Edmund Brown and wife Anna, late widow of John Loverun of 
Watertown in N. E., appoint attorneys to collect her dower in lands in 
Ardley, co. Pisses, or Aldham, co. ISutTolk, in possession of William or 
George Loverun. 

17. William Cole, late of Sutton in Chewmagna, co. Somerset, and Eliz- 
abeth his wife, a daughter of Francis Doughty of the city of Bristol, make 
brother John Cole of Farringtou, co. Somerset, their attorney. 

18. Thomas Foster of Boston, cannonier at the Castle, makes Richard 
Foster of Ipswich, his brother and others, attorneys to receive his legacy 
under will of father Thomas Foster, minister. His wife was Abigail, 
daughter of Matthew Wiraes of Ipswich, co. Suffolk. 

19. John lies of Dorchester in N. E. owed £28 to Adam Harden of 
Barnstable, co. Devon. 

20. Joseph Hills of Charlestown states that he came in the Susan and 
Ellen, and that in that vessel were goods of Joseph Loomis, late of Brayn- 
tree, co. Essex. 

21. Thomas Rucke of Charlestown makes Thomas Rucke of London 
and Thomas Plum of Maiden, co. Essex, his attorneys to collect debts. 

22. Edmund Hubbard of Hingham in N. E married Sarah, widow of 
Rev. John Lyford, who had children Rev. Obadiah and Mordecai L. The 
last-named made IIul)bard his guardian, who appointed William Bladen, 
Alderman of Dublin, and John Fisher of the same place, attorneys to sell 
a lease at Leballeglish, co. Ardmagh. Elsewhere Lyford is called the min- 
ister at Levelegkish near Laughgaid, co. Ardmagh. Mentions land in co. 
Tyrone. 

22'. Gabriel Fish of Exeter in N. E., appoints- an attorney to receive 
money due him from .James Carrington of Thorsthorp, co. Lincolne. 

23. John Cogan of Boston in N. PI makes Isaac jNorthcot of Ilunniton, 
CO. Devon, his attorney to receive any legacy under the will of his mother, 
Elianor Cogan of Tiverton, co. Devon, widow, deceased. 

24. John Cogan appoints his friend John Stoning, citizen and haber- 
dasher of London, to sue one John Harrison, late of Boston in N. E., for 
£2G he owes said Cogan. 

25. John Faber of London, cooper, sells to Christopher Stanley of Bos- 
ton in N. p]. his house there. 

2G. John Cogan of Boston appoints Nicholas Carwithye, citizen and 
grocer of Exeter, his attorney to collect of the executors of Ignatius Jor- 
dan, of said Exeter, £G6 due him by bond, and also all legacies from I. J. 
to C. or his wife or children. ' ^ 

27. Anne Coleman of Watertown in N. E., spinster, aged 16, and Sam- 
uel Hosier of the same, her guardian, appoint Jeffrey Coleman of Colches- 
ter, CO. Plssex, and James Wade of the same, attorneys to receive a legacy 
for her under the will of her father, William Coleman of said Colcliester. 

28. P'rancis Godsome of Lynn in N. PI is to sell his house to John P'ul- 
ler of Boston, if Edward P^uller of OIney, co. Bucks, pays £G0 unto said 
F. G. 



..r. ,.ri T. 






-J ic. vy.' 1 1; ;.)■••; -):;;!' lOi/nd'} oi «;t'^f .Tifpi- 



1886.] u^TeiC JEyigland Gleanings, 271 

29. John Crabtree of Boston, jojner, takes as apprentice Solomon, son 
of John Greene of Iladley, co. Suffolk. Mary Greene, sister of Solomon, 
was to be taken by William Hudson, the younger, fisherman. Elizabeth 
Leger, mother of Solomon Greene, was to jmy Crabtree annually £5.10, 
and the boy was to get £20 at the end of his apprenticeship. 

30. Edward Wood assigns his apprentice Tliomas, son of Henry Cooper 
of Little Bowden, co. Northampton, to Leonaid Buttolpe, of Boston in N. E. 

31. Thomas Mayhew of Watertown in N. PI and .Jane his wife, widow 
of Thomas Payne of London, as guardian of Thomas Payne, aged seven 
years, appoint Richard Payne of Abingdon, co. Berks, and others, attor- 
neys to lease lands in Whittlebury, co. Northampton, descending to said 
child. 

32. David OfBey of Boston and wife Elizabeth appoint Edward and 
Henry Woolcott, Ptichard Payne, and Christopher Atkins attorneys to sell 
their lands in Glaston. (See No. 10, mUe.) 

32'. f^lizabeth Glover of Cambridge in N. E. receives money from ex- 
ecutors of late husband Josse Glover of London. 

33. Katherine tlarwing, widow, of Dorchester, makes Anthony E. of 
London her attorney. 

34. Josiah Stanborough of Lynn in N. E. and wife Frances, one of 
seven daughters of Henry Gransden of Tunbridge, co. Kent, appoint 
Richard Young of London their attorney to obtain their part of his lands, 

35. Micliael Williamson and wife Anne make Anthony Stapley of 
Patcham, co. Sussex, their attorney to receive of P^lizabeth Geere, widow, 
of Lewes, co. Sussex, executrix of Dennis Geere, late of Saugus, a leo-acy 
of £50 given to said Anne by the name of Anne Panckhurst. (See will 
of Dennis Geere, Keg.) 

36. Thomas Nichols of Hingham had a brother who wa? the executor 
of Walter Nichols of Coggshall, co. Essex. 

37. Josej)h Cooke of Cambridge in N. E., son of Thomas Cooke of Great 
Yeldham, co. f^ssex, makes his brother Thomas C. of Wormingfold in 
Essex his attorney. 

8^. William Sergeant of Charlestown in N. E. was formerly of North- 
ampton, hatter, and his wife Sarah was the widow of William Minshall of 
Whitchurch, co. Salop. 

39. Lt. Pobert Feke of Watertown in N. E., gent., and William Palmer 
of Yarmouth and Judith his wife, and Tobias Feke, aged 17, son and 
daughter of James P'eke, late of London, goldsmith, deceased, make Tobias 
Dixon of London their attorney. 

40. Agreement between Edward Heale of Bristol and William Pester of 
Salem in N. E. 

41. Thomas Scudamore of Cambridge in N. E. was from Westerley, co. 
Gloucester. 

42. Edward Hall of Duxbury in N. E. was son of Francis Hall of Hen- 
borough,- co. Gloucester. 

43. Samuel Freeman of Watertown in N. E. was from Mawlyn, co. 
Kent. 

44. Thomas Mdtson of Braintree in N. E. and wife Anne draw for £20 
in favor of George Hussey of London, on his sister-in-law ]\Irs. Chambers 
of London, widow of Thomas C., citizen and clothworker of London, for 
part of their legacy. 

^ 45. John Coltman of Wethersfield in N. E. was son of Thomas C of 
NewtOQ Harcoate in Weston, co. Leicester. 



ir.'iT "^ .'. 



■jttft .:[ 



>'i«r. «. V .^-m. '•J.J 



272 2Tew Enfjland Gleaning's, [Ju^y» 

46. Richard Betscorabe of Hingham in N. E., late of Briilport, co. Dor- 
set, in helialf of daughters Mary and Martha, appoints his brothers Amlrew, 
Robert, and Christopher to receive two legacies given said daughters by 
Philip Strong of the Devizes, co. ^yilts. 

47. Isaac Sterne of Watertowu in N. E., late of Stoke Nayland, co. Suf- 
folk, and wife Mary, daughter of John Barker of the same', appoint Tho- 
mas Gilson of Sudbury, co. Suff., to collect £5 of one ^Nlunnings of Gavnes 
Colne, CO. Essex, due on a bond given by ^I. before his marriage with 3Iar- 
garet Barker, mother of said 3Iary. 

48. John Bent of Sudhury in N. E. was from Waybill, co. Southamp- 
ton, and his brother-in-law was William Baker of New Sarum, co. Wilrs. 

49. William Talmage of Boston in N. E. had brothers Robert and Tho- 
mas, and sister Jane, wife of Richard Walker ; they were children of Tho- 
mas T., who was the brother of John Talmuge of Newton Stacev, co. 
Southampton. 

/)0. William Longley of Lynn in N. E., son of John L. of Frisbv. co. 
Lincoln, makes Thomas Meeke of Waynflete St. Mary, co. Lincl. his 
attorney. 

51. John 'Mrjo of Towne iVLirrolIng, co. Kent, deceased, had by wife 
Rebecca, son Thomas (who had died leaving a son John and a widow Eiiz- 
beth remarried to Robert Gamlyn of Roxhury in N. E.), daughters 3Iarv 
of Dorchester, N. E., and Frances, wife of b'teven England of Sandwich, 
CO. Kent. 

52. John and Daniel Prior of Scituate in N. E. were sons of John P. 
late of Watford, co. Hertford. 

53. Abraham Harding of Boston in N. E. was sou of John H,, late of 
Boram, co. Essex, whose widow was Agnes Greene of Tarlin"-, co. Es-:ex. 

54. John Floyd of London and wife Anne had put their son Thomas in 
charge of Arthur Howland of Duxbury in N. E. 

55. Thomas Odingsell of Salem draws a bill on his father, John O.. of 
Epperston, co. Notts., or brother John O. at Mr. Mansfield's on Lui-'ate 
Hill. 

56. William Pester of Salem draws a bill on his uncle William P. in 
Thames St., London. 

57. Ralph Sprague of Charlestown N. E., and wife Joan, appoint John 
Holland of Tinnckieton, co. Dorset, to receive of John and Elizabeth Cox 
of Bowlingtou a legacy from Richard Warren to said Joan and her six 
children. 

58. William Rix of Boston, N. E., was one of the sons of Robert R. of 
Kenninghall, co. Norfolk. Hi-i sister was Elizabeth Waters of K., and he 
mentions also Henry Rix of Pagrave, co. Sutiblk. 

59. Thomas Grnbb of Boston, N. E., wa5 son-in-law of Jeffrey Salter of 
King's Lynn, co. Norfolk. 

60. Benjamin and Nathaniel Bosworth draw bills on Joseph B. of Cov- 
entry, CO. Warwick. 

6L John Clerk of Newbury in N. E., late citizen and chirurgeon of Lon- 
don, was one of the executors of widow Anne 'W^ard, of Stratford, co. Suff. 

C2. Owen Williams,- son of ^Lirk W. of St. John's parish, co. Cardiff, 
apprentices himself to William Withington of Portsmouth in N. E. 

63. Edward Bridges was second son of E. B., late of Raynham, co. Som- 
erset, p]squire. 

CL Nathaniel Patten was late of Crewkerno, co. Somerset. 



1886.] J^eio England Gleanings. 273 

65. Edward Howell of Lynn, in N. E., gent, was late of Marsh Gibbon, 
CO. Bucks. He had lands in AVotton Underwood, co. Bucks, and £100 in 
the hands of Richard Francis, of Marsh Gibbon. 

66. Henry Russell of "Weymouth in X. E., deceased, left widow Jane 
and daughter Elizabeth. He was the sou of Thomas R. of Chalfont, St. 
Giles, CO. Bucks. 

67. Thomas Nichols of Hingham, X. E., makes John Cockerell of Cocks- 
hall his attorney to receive, of Geo. X., a legacy given him by his father 
\yalter X. 

68. "William James of Boston in X. E. was son of Albon James, citizen 
and mercer of London. He had an uncle George Strange, gent. 

69. John Bibble had a wife Sibyl at Shadwell in Stepney parish. 

70. Elizabeth Freestone of Boston in X. E., spinster, was late of Alford, 
CO. Line. She was daughter of Richard F. of Horncastle, co. Line. Mary 
F. of Thimbleby, co. Line, was widow of her uncle Robert F., who was 
■ executor of her grandfather Robert F. Her father and sister Mary were 
dead. Her grandmother was :\Lary Cuthbert, whose executor was Xathan- 
iel C. of Warmington, co. Xorthampton. 

11. Samuel Haskell seems to be the grandson of George Cooke, inkeeper 
at the White Horse in Algate, who died 13 years since. 

72.^ Abraham Shaw of Dedham in X. E.', deceased, was from Halifax, 
CO. York, and left his eldest sou Joseph S. and son-in-law Xicholas Biram, 
his executors. 

73. Anne Stratton of Salem, X. E., was widow of John S. of Shotley, 
CO. Suff., gent, whose brother Joseph S. was of Harwich, co. Essex, and now 
of James City in Virginia. She had a son William S. of Ardley, co. Es- 
sex, deceased, son John S. of Dedham, co. Essex, and daughters Elizabeth, 
wife of John Thorndike of Salem, and Dorothy. Her own mother was 
Mary Dearhaugh of Barringham, co. SufF. 

74. John Pollard was late of Belcham, co. Essex. 

75. Robert Hempenstall of Boston in X. E. was son of Thomas H. of 
Southold, CO. SufF. 

76. George Crispe of Plymouth in X. E. had a brother Robert C. of 
Southwark, co. Surrey, an uncle George C. of Blackwall in Stibenheath, 
CO. Mid., and land in the parish of Word, near Sandwich, co. Kent. 

77. George Denison of Roxbury in X. E. had wife Bridget, who was 
daughter of John Thompson late of Preston, co. Xorthamp., gent, and Mrs. 
Alice T. now of Roxbury. They claimed their legacy from Spencer Clarke, 
parson of Scaldwell parish, co. Northampton. 

78. Thomas Allen of Barnstable in X. E., had a brother, Richard A. of 
Branton, co. Essex, and father-in-law, John Marke of the same place. 

79. Samuel Xash of Weymouth in X. E. was from Burrough Green, 
CO. Cambridge. 

80. John BartoU of Marblehead, X. E., was son of John B. of Crew- 
kerne, CO. Somerset. 

81. Robert Wing of Boston, X. E. had a cousin Wing of Lomford, 
dwelling in the Lady's place, by Dedham. 

We have thus gleaned the major part of the items, omitting such as re- 
late to the Winthrops, Hutchinsons, Saltonstalls. and other weTl-known col- 
onists. The book will be for years a source of information to genealogists, 
because in many cases these references will lead to a knowledge of other 
colonists. Our only regret is, that the record is so brief, and we wish that 
Lechford had stayed for a decade at least. 



274 Extracts from Parish Register ofArdeley. [July, 



EXTRACTS FROM THE PARISH REGISTER OF ARDELEY, 
CO. HERTFORD, ENGLAND. 

Communicated by George \V. Marshall, LL.D., F.S.A., of London, Eng. 

THE following extracts from the first Register of Ardeley (originally 
spelt Yardley) were made with the object of taking out every entry 
relating to the family of Sir Henry Chauncy, the Hertfordshire historian, 
who resided in that'parish. At the same time I noted every other entry 
relatino- to persons whose rank appeared to me above that of the commoQ 
peoplerof the families of the incumbents of the parish, and of some persons 
non-resident whose record might not be sought for in an out-of-tlie-way 
country parish. The Chauncy entries will I know be of interest to many 
readers of Tup: Register, and amongst the others, names will be found 
which are not unknown or uncared for by its readers. This is I think the 
first time that the pages of The Register will contain extracts of a general 
character, from an English Parish Register. Such gleanings can hardly 
fail to be of use to some workers in the genealogical field in New England, 
and if one of them should perchance supply a missing liuk in the pedigree 
of any descendant of the persons recorded, my trouble will not have been 
in vain, and my labor will be amply rewarded. 

•• Yardley Church bookeof Clirietenini^s Wcddinjirs and burialls Collected & Writ- 
ten out by me Robert Tattersali* who was instituted Vicar ther the xsiij" daie of 
Julj-e 1576, made and Written into Parchment accordinire to the provincial! Con- 
stitutiones houlden at London the fyue and t\venty daie of October 1597." 
Contains. Baptisms 1546 — 1701. 
Marriages 1546 — 1701. 
Burials. 1546—1701. 

Baptisms. 

1546. Elizabeth Gailer dau. of Geori^e Gaiter, 25 July. 

1547. Jone Clynton dau. to Thomas, 11 June. 
1543. Margaret Shothiolte dau. of James, 29 April. 

1551. John Shotboulte, 7 June. 

1552. Symon Shotboulte, 25 Sept. 

1553. James Shotbolts daughter, 2 July. 

1562. Elizabeth Cheeke dau. of John Cheeke vicar of Yardley, 3 Feb. 

1563. (1562 in mar.'in) Thomas Shotboulte filius ThcnDa> Arraig'ri, 17 May. 
1564-5. Marve Shotboulte dau. of Thonka.H Sh(jt!)ouite, h^iuier, 24 March. 

1570. Helen Downes al's Stafford filia Gulielmi, 2ti Dec-'. 

1571. John Shotbolte sonn of John, 15 Oct. 

1572. Thomas Shotbolt sonn of James, 29 April. 

1573. Margaret Gurnay dau. of Wiil'm, gent.. 5 April. 

1574. Frauncis Gurnay dau. of Will'm gent., 9 May. 
" John Shotbolte sonn of James. 7 Nov^ 

1575-6. Thomas Gurnay son of Will'm gent, 4 .March. 

1576. Mary Tattersail dau. of Robert Tattert-all.t vicar of Yardley, born 17 & bapt 
24 June. 

• It appears from" a note below tliat he was chaplain to the Earl of Essex, K. G. 
t John, son of same, born 25 and b;ipt. iS June, 1579. 
Phillip " " " 1'5 and " 17 ^^^-■pt. l.'»81. 

Rot>ert. " " " 2;} Sept. l.')S4. 

Leonard " " " 22 and bapt. 2t Ort. 1.5S-5. 

Thomas,' " " " 18 aud bapt. 20 June, lo&O. 



•; !,((•<-.> 



1886.] Extracts from Parish Register of Ardeley. 275 

1577. Jane Chaiincye dan. of Geori^e, gent. 19 S€pt^ (Written in margin ia a 

later hand •' l'^ Wife June Corawell.'") 

1578. George Giurnay ?onn of WilTm gent, xi Sepf. 
" WilTm Shotbjicc sonn of James 15 Feb. 

1579. Marye Cliauncye diiu. of George, gent. 12 April. 

1580. Francis Chauncy dau. of George, gent. '21 July. 

" Marye Sliotbolce, dau. of James Shotbolte of Shefford, gent, 23 Oct'. 

" Elizabeth Siiotbulte, dau. of Thomas of Mooregrene, 3 ^oV. 

" Thomas Downes al's Stafford. 15 Jan'y. 
1581-2. Elizabeth Shotbolt dau. of Tho. of Woodend, 7 Jan'y. 

" Barbara Chauncy dau. of George, gent. IS March. 

" Marye Shotbolte, dau. of James, 2j March, (born 20 March.) 

1582-3. Tunney Shotbjlte sonn of John, gent, 17 .March, born 11 March. 

(*' Heres Joh'nis " in margin.) 
1583-4. Helen Shotb.lte dau: of Tho: of Woodend. 17 Feb. 

1584. Marian Shocbjlte dau. of Thomas of Moregrene, 20 April. 

" iGeorge Chauncye sonne of George, gent, 22 Dec^ [in margin — by a 2^ wife 

Huaiberstone, widow.] 
" Edward Gurnaye sonn of WiU'ni, gent, 21 March. 

1585. Phillip Shotbolce sonn of John, gent, 16 May. 
" John llunierstjn sonn of John, II July. 

" Elizabeth Chauncye dau. of George, 30 Jan'y. 

" William Shotbolte sonne of Tho. of Woodend, 6 March. 

1586. Marmaduke Gurnay sonn of Will'm, gent. 24 July. 

1587. Edward Chauncy sonn of George, 3 Sept^ 

1587. ^lathiasShotbjlte dau. of James of Munnes, 10 Dec^. 

1588. Eaffe Shotbolte sonn of John, gent., borne the 20 March 1587 and bapiLzcd 

the 29 March, 1588. 
" Judith Chauncye dan. of George, 3 Nov"". 
" Thomas Shotbolte sonn of Thomas of Woodend, 15 Nov. 

1589. Thomas Sliotbolte, son of John gent, (born 18) 22 June. 
" Mercye Sterne dau. of Will'm. uent. 8 Sepf. 

" Helen & Elizabeth Ilumm'ston dau's of John 11 Jan'y- 

" Luce Chauncye dau. of Geori:e, 15 Feby. 

1590. Marye Gurnay, dau. of Will'm, gent., 10 May. 

1591. William Sterne sonn of AVilliam. gent., 17 Ocf. (born 10-'') 

1592. Luce Shotbolt dau. of Tho. of Woodend, 26 March (Easter daye and bjm 

21 same month.) 

" Gryssell Bawtrye dau. of Leonard Bawtrye of Leake in the Countye of 
Lyncolne E-ijuire borne upon Wednesday in the fornoone, about se-J.Tea 
of the Clocke beinge 12 Aprill and baptized 16 Ap'ill. (" Heres " writ- 
ten in margin.) 

" "William Humm"ston sonn of John, 17 Sept. 

" Charles Chauncye sonn of George, gent. 5 Nov. 

1593. Leonard Shotbolte sonn of James, born 25 April, bapt 29 April. 
" Ann Chauncye dau. of George gent, 25 Not'. 

1594. Jane Shotbolte dau. of James, 12 Jan'}-. 
1595-6. Henry Shotbjite sonn of Thomas, 15 Feb'y. 
1596. Marye Sterne dau. of \\'iirm, gent., 31 May. 

1596-7. Frauncis Shotbolte dau. of John Shotbolte gent, 6 Feb'y. (born 1") 
" iMarye Shotb >l:e dau. of James, 25 March. 

1598. Esdras Blandes jnn of John Bland, clerke, 21 May. 

1598-9. Frauncis Sterne dau. of \Vi Ilia' Sterne, gent., born 25 Feb'y. bapt 4 March. 

1599. Joh'nnes Parsons, filius Nieholai cleri', 9 Sept. 
1599-1600. Jana Sciotbv-lte tilia Jacobi, 17 Feb'y. 

1600. Johnnes Chauncy filius Ilcnrici grnerosi natus 17 Nov. bapt 25. 

1601. Alexander Walktr filius Ttioma; Ciuis piscatoris London, 22 June. 
" Robertus Sterne filius Gulieimi, 19 July. 

*' Barbara Lau5-»n filia Tho: Lauson generosi. 22 Nov. 
1602-3. Elizabeth Shotbolte filia Jacobi iunior'. 12 Feb. .» 

1605. Tho: Chauncie filius Ilenrici gener',26 May. 

" Franciscus Shotbolte filius Jacobi iunioris, 1 Nov^ 
1607. Anna do filia do do 10 May. 

1607-8. Rodulphus Audley films E'iuardi, 17 Jan'y. 



.'J . ■ ) 



-inrjA OS ic.. 



■•»f Qiccf) .Vd>'^ ' 



c-i.'/. 1 






, -;^ ;iwu t 1 



276 Uxtracts from Parish Register ofArdeley. [July, 

1607-8. Gulielmu? Shotholte filius Joh'nis de Munnes, 22 ^larch. 

1608. Gulielmus Tailor filius Thome Tailor i,'enerosus, born 14 June & bapt 2G"». 

1609. Thoma Shotbolte filius Phillippi SliotbMlce s:en\ U Deer, (born 4"'.j 

1610. Thoma Tailor tilius Tlioiure Tailor gener', 29 Apl. (bom 23^-^) 
" Maria Audeley tilia Eduerdi, 5 Aug'. 

" Maria Shotbolte filia Phillipi f;en\ (born 27 Oct.) 1 Nov'. 

1611. JNIaria Tailor filia Tlioma? gen', nata I'uit 7-^ die Aprilis, bapt 14 Apl. 
" Joh'ncs Shotbolte IJlius Jaeobi, 4 Aug't. 

" Joh'nes Shotbolte filius Phi' gener', S Doc'r. (bom 27 Nov'.") 

1612. Katherina Boteier filia Philipi Boteler Armiireri. 29 Dec" (born 19''") 

1613. Maria Shotbolt filia i'hilippiShotbolt generosi, 18 April, (born 15"') 
" Elizabetha Tatter^all filia Thonine Tattersall, 23 Jan'y. 

1614. Franoisca Boteler filia Philippi Boteler Gener', 1 Sepf. 
" Anna Shotbolt filia Philippi Shotbolt, Gener', 1 Sept^ 

1615. Elizabeth Tailor dau. of Thomas Tailor, gent., IS Sepf. 
" John B<jteler son of Phillip Boteler esq' 8 Oct'. 

" Thomas Tattersall son of Thomas Tattersall, 5 Nov'. 
" John Shotbolt son of Phillip Shotbolt, gen.. 12 Dec'. 
1616-17. Will'm Shotbolt son of Phillip Shotbolt, gent., 23 March. 

1618. An Tatter.«all dau. of Thomas T., 25 Oct'. 

" Henry Tailor .son of Thomas Tailor, gent.. 27 Dec'. 

1619. Constance Gaddesden dau. of John Gaddesden irent, 23 May. 
" Lettice Boteler dau. of Phillip Boteler, Gent., 25 May. 

1619-20. Elizabeth Sikes dau. of Robt. Sikes Vicar of Yardley, 12 March. 

1620. Ellenor Shotbolt dau. of Philip Shotbolt gent. 27 August. 

1621. Robert Tattersall son of Thomas T. 21 May (^Ilenry son of same bapt 21 Jan'y 

1623-4). 

1622. John Sikes son of Robt. Sikes vicar of Yardley, 19 May (born S'^) 
1624. Mary do dau. do do do do 30 May. 

*' Phillip Shotbolt eon of Phillip Shotbolt. Gent.. 26 Sept'. 
1627. John Tattersall son of Thomas Tattersall, 27 May. (\V™ son of same bapt. 

29 Aug' 1630.) 
1627-8. Anne Sikes dau. of Robart Sikes vicar of Yardley, 10 Feb'y. 
1630. Henry do son do do do do 3 Oct. 

1632. Henry Chauncy son of Henry Chauncy, gent., 24 April. 

1633. John Chauncy son of do do do 30 Dec'. Bur. 1704. 
1635. Anne do dauT do do do 31 Dec'. 

1637. Elizabeth do do do do gent, and Anne 26 Oct'. 

1640. Mary Chauncy dau. Henry Chauncy gent., and Anne 25 March. (1st entry 

in this year.) 
" John Butler son of John Butler Citizen and Grocer of London & of Alice his 
wife, 13 May. 

1641. Edward son of same, 5 Sept'. 

1643. George Chauncy son of Henry Chauncy Gent & An his wife, 7 Sept'. 

16-14. Jone Watson dau. of Thomas Watson, Clarke, i Elizabeth his wife, 15 Dec'. 

1648. Peter Chauncy son of Henry Chauncy Esq'. 3 Oct'. 

1651. John Sykes son of John Sykes Vicar of Yardley i Frances his wife, 10 July. 

Buried 1726. 
1652-3. Henrj' son of same .... March. 

1654. Elizabeth dau. of s;ime. burn 27 March, bapt 3 .\pril. 

1655. Frances dau. of same, born 28 Sept', !*npt 23 Oot'.* 

1656. Anne Marshall dau. of .Jonathan Marshall, 25 March. 
1659. John Mitchell son of M' Richard xMitchell, 1 Aug't. 

1661. Mary Milton dau. of John Milton and Hanna his wife, 26 May. 
1663. Joyce Chauncy dau. of M' John Chauncy gent., and Joyce his wife, 10 
Aug't. 



* 1657. Anne 
16.59. James 



dau. of same, born 7 March, bapt 2nth (16.56-7) 

son of same, burn 19 Apl., bapt 21'^. 

1650. James son of same, .'5 Mav. 

1661. Arthur son of same, 20 Sept'. 

1663. Edward son of same, 5 Aug'. 

1664. Jane dau. of same, .31 Dec'. 
1666. Nathaniel son of ~ame, 18 April. 
1669. William son of same, 14 May. 



1886.] Extracts from Parish Register of Ardeley. 211 

1666. Hcnrv Channcv pr.n of Henry Chauncy Esq and Jane his wife, 26 April. 

Bur. 26 Nov." 1703. 

1667. John Chauncy son of Henry Chauncy the younger of Yardley Bury Esqr and 

Jane hi? wife, It May. 'Buried 9 July iTOL 

1663. Uellen Willetc dau. of Thomas Willett, gent., and Elizabeth his wife, 21 
June. 

1675. John .Maynard son of George and Joane his wife. 5 Dee^. 

16S0-1. Mary Beamnnt dau. of bimion Beaniont of Shingy in the County of Cam- 
bridge and Maiidalea hin wife, 16 Jan'y. 

1683. Arthur y"" son of S"" Jlenrey Chaancov Knight .t the Lady Elizabeth Chaun- 
cey his Wife was l">rn April 29, & Bapt. May 6. (Over is written in a 
later hand A.D. 1752 Ohijt Art'iuir ye (etc?) vafer idem idomque nefastus 
apud Iloxon juxta Eye in Cum Sutfijlc : atin ?( n; uXio? yuvv. 

16S4. Thomas y^ son of Tho. Kycorn of Congerton in Cheshire and Margaret his W. 
8 May. 

1683. Margaret y« Daughter of James Forrester of Cottered Esq and Martha his 
wife, 28 Oct. Added in later hand — James dyed 1696, ^lartha his Wid- 
ow dyed Sept. 1745. 

1689. Humphrey y"^ son of .M'' Humphrey Forster & Mary bis wife (the fourth 
Daughter of Sir Henry Chauncey) was born Dec 16 and baprized Dec'' 23. 

1701. John Bray of Hitchin (aged about 30 years) 27 April. 

Marriages. 
1546. William Olyu^^^and Jane Abdall wid' were Mariede the 6 November. [First 

Entry.] 
1546. Richard Hove of Auberve and Ellen Halfhide of Woodend 16 Jauuarye. 

John flalfL-liide and Ellen .Myles b jth uf Yardley, 23 Jan?. 
15-17. William Fann of Cople in the Countye of Bcdd and Helen Bardalfe of Yard-- 

ley, 25 October. 
1552. Phillip Bardalfe and JaneCiayler, 19 June. 
1552, John Cornewcll gentleman and done \'arney, 19 June. 
1557. George Bruster gent and Jone his wife, 30 Nov''. 
1559. Edmunde Halfehide and Dorothye his wiffe, 8 Aprill. 

'• John Mvlles and Alice ShotbouUe, 20 Nov. 
1500. Ediuund'e Halfehide and Eiizaheth Austyn, 16 Sept^ 
1562. John Cly.sbee and Elizabeth ,Shotb:>ulte, 7 May. 

1570. John Shocboulte and June Mvlles. 29 Oct. 

1571. Thomas Halfehide and Helen Austyne, 15 July. 

1572. William Norton gent and Margaret Hamond widdowe, 6 Oct. 

1573. Thomas Blowes and Alice Siioc^'olte. 8 NMV^ 
" Edward Crotte and Jone .'ih'jtbjite, -^2 June. 

1577. A\'illiam Halthi'ie and Mari^aret Lawrence, 20 Jan-J" (1577-8). 

1578. Jacol>us Shtphcrd ec Jona Halfhid, 27 Dec^ 

1579. Wyiliara Shutbulte and Margaret Hallehide. 6 Dec'. 

" James Shotbolt^ gentleman and Agnis Pabda,28 Dec''. 

1580. Thomas Smyth of Kushden and Helen Halfehid dau. of TTill'm Halfehide 

17 Aprill. ' 

" Edmund Bardalfe and Helen Halfhide, 10 July. 

1585. Leonard Jiawtrey of Leake in the Cuuntyc of Lincolne, gent^ and Mary 

Sliotbolte daughter of Thomas Shotholte'E-quier, 27 April!. 

1568. William Sterne gent and Mary llalthide, 17 DtC. 

1559. Thomas Waite and Lettice lialfliid. 3 Augt, 

1590. Th(jmas Cole and Jone Lane, 14 Sept. 

" John Rowley and Marye Bardidfe, 4 Ocf. 

1593. William Halfehid and Susana Walbve, 30 Sept'. 

159B. George Bardalfe and .Marye Kettle, 20 June. 

" John Halfehide and A2-nis Halfehide. 15 Oct. 

1600. Kymon Thruckston and'Prudt-nc-e Bardolph, 2 Oct. 

1601. Ilenriciis Edwards & Helena Halt hid. 5 June. 

1606. Michael Bardalfe & Maria Hallehide, 20 Nov^ 

1607. Thomas Tailor generosus & Maria Shotbolte Ulia Job'iiis Sfaotbolte Armigeri, 

6 July. 
IC08-9. Thoma Halfehide & Miriana Walbie, 2 Feb.. 
" Henricus Walbie & Gratia Halfhid, 2 Feb. 
VOL. XL. 25 



:„:,.T. C'i 



.(I'-TTCil) "<r!!.\- '' 



XiclC i^ns 



.'n-j:'^(nrL ailotiy.aci 



278 Extracts from Parish Uegister of Ardeley. [July, 

1609-10. Gulielmus Ske^ro: et Maria Grniie. 5 Feb. Lie. 

1611. Richardus BardaUe Jc franc i'^ca Halfeliid.-, 24 Oct. 

1612. Joh'nes Haruic i Helena Ilail'ehide, 7 May. 

1621. Edward Nonhe & Alice Cule. )y Aii<t'. 
" John Bruwne & Mary Sli.jtbolt. 18 Oct^ 

1622. James Bardolfe sod ufEJmand Bardolfe & Elizabeth Edwards dau. of Henry 

Edwardd, I May. 

1623. Jolin Peacocke vi Elizabeth Shotbolt, 16 Oet^ 

1624. M' Fiobart Gi-eene of B ibhin in the County of Kent, Ef^q'' & M"' Frances 

Sliotbult the daushter of M'' John Shotholt of Yardley Esq'' 26 Sepf. 

1625. M"' Angell Gray of King-con in the County of Dorset esq^ & M™ Katherine 

Stowell of Yardley in the County of Hertford gent., 26 March. 

1626. Leonard Cole of Benington & Alice Hill of Aston widow, 7 Augt. Lie. 

" Tbeophilus Lynche Cittizen & Girdler of London & M^'^ Ricksou of London, 
spinster, 26 Dec". 

1630. Robart Seweil of Stevena2:e &, Joane Shotbolt, 18 Octr. 

1632. Richard Wriglu Jc Elizabeth Shotbolt, 1 Xov^ 

1635. Henry Budder weaver & Elizabeth Bardolf spinster, 13 Aug'. 
" John HaUhid & Rebecca Bardolfe. 8 Oct. 

1636. Henry Wallis & Mary Bardolfe. 13 Oct. 

1641. Will'm Peirsoa Cittize' Jc Goldsmith of London & Frances Sikes dau'r of 

Robt. Sikes vicar of Yardly, 2 Dec''. 
1643. Will'm Clarke of Purton widower &, Anne Tattersal widow, 1 Dec''. 
1645. John Austine* wierdrawer i Citizen of London & Mary Sykes dau'r of Rob't 

Sykes late vicar of Y'ardley, 13 Sept. 
1647. Richard Hall and Alice Llncolne, 28 Sept^ 

1651. W"^ Rayment of Cotterid single man and Matthew {sic) Jordan of Yardley, 

30 Septf. 

1652. Henry Sykes of Hypol^ts in y« County of Hertford Gierke and M" Mary 

Raynsford of Tewin in y* said County Aviddow, 5 Sept^ 

1653. Timothie Bristow of Richden Gierke and Abigaill Stratton of Yardley wid- 

dow, 2 M;iy. 
1659. M'' Robert Harrington of Aspoden in y* County e of Hertfort- . . . and M" 

Sarah Wellingham of the same Spinster were raarr. ... 23 June. 
" M"' Henry Hall of Pi,)pler in the county of Middlesex gentl' and M"^' Anne 

Chauncy of Yardley in y« county of Hertf. spinster, 27 Ocf. 
1665. John Peacocks of Much ^lunden and Anne Shotbolt of Weston, 1 May. 
1669. Littnn Faireclou2;h of S=. Giles Cripplc^rate, London, singleman and Francis 

Gorsuch of AVeston in this County, 7 April. 

1677. Jamea Cater widdower and Elizabeth Rainsiord widdow both of Little Mun- 

den, 29 Nov^ 

1678. "William Linsey of Hengham in the Mount in Com. Essex 'widdower & Su- 

san Walby of Cottercd, widdow, 8 June. 

1684. Edward Paimcr of Sandon Singleman &, Elizabeth Hall of this Parish single- 
woman, 9 Octr. 

1686. M'' Francis Brasg of East Greenwich in Kent and Madam Jane Chauncey 
of Yardley Bury, 29 Sept^ . 

1688. John Kent of Little Munaen singleman & Mary Godfrey of this Parish Maid- 
en, 20 Sept^ 

1691. John Daniel Cittizen ds Grocer of London and Mary Sell of this Parish 

Maiden, 13 April. 

1692. M' Edward Lane of Walkern, Widower, & M' Mary Lane of y^ same Maiden, 

24 May. 
1695. John Clarke of this Parish B k Jane Hilliard of y^ same M, 14 Oct'. 
1697. George Shelford of Hormead Mag: Wid: & Mary Marshal wid., 26 Jan'y. 

Burials. 

1546. Thomas Auftyne son of John Austyne of LuSenhall,t 25 Aug'. 

1547. Roger Halfehide of Garners ende, 12 June. 

1548. George Halfehide, 9 Oct. 
" Joseph Ualfeside, 20 Jan^. 

• Many Austin? in re?r. before this date. 

t First entry in Register and only one in this year. 



'iuAiSi.i 



1886.] Extracts from Parish Register of Ardeley. 279 

1552. Edward Ilalffhide, 18 Sept. 

155S. James Ilnlfehide son nt'Thomae, 2 Aug'. 

Phillip B.irdaife. 13 Scpr. 

1559. Mnther Shotboulte, 'JO March. 

1561. Jiihn Cornew-ell.2;ent.. 12 April. 
Thomas Halfchi.ie, 5 Aug'. 

" John Bardalfc, 7 Oct. 

" Mother Annis Haiti-hide, 20 Oct. 

" John Halfehide. 6 Dec^ 

1563. Edmund Halfehide. 7 .May. 

1568. Jone Brewster witfe of <ieorge Brewster, gent., 5 June. 

" Thomas Shotb'.'lte, 6 July. 

1570. Edward HaHehid sonn ot Richard. 2S Nov^ 

1575. Jane Shotholte wife of Thomas of Moor^rene, 22 Dec^ 

1577. >Iargaret Halfehide wiffe of Will'm, 2 July. 

1578. Robt. i^hotbolte sonn of John of Scandon, 19 Feby. 

1579. Helen Bardalfe, 25 June. 

" John Halfehide son of Thomas. 2 Feby. 

1581. Richard Halfhid of Wondend, 30 Dec'. 

1582. Jane Chauncye wife of Geor-e Uuried 25 Julye. 
Lharles Lhauncy sonn or beorge ) 

1583. James Shotholte senio^ 3 April. 

1584. John Halfhid the Cooke. 9 Oct. 

" Robt Tattersall eonn of Roht., dark vicar of Yardlcy, 23 Oct. 

1585. Alice Shotholte of Lntienhall. widd., 21 May. 
1587. Marmaduke Gurnaysonn of ^Vill'm sent, 3 May. 

1589. Thomas Shotholte sonn of John, gent, 18 July. 

" Sueana Buwles dau"r of Thomas, gent, late of Enfeilde, 2 Sept"". 

1590. Thomas Cole, sonn of Thomas, 25 Dec^ (Eliz. d of same, 7 Nov. 1596.) 
1592. Will'm Shotholte -onn of Tho. of Woodcnd, 12 Jan?. 

1597. Thomas Cole, 21 Sepc^ 

" Robt Clarke sonn ot George, 22 Jan^. 

1598. Daniell Bcnnion sonn of Thomas Cytizen of London, 10 June. 

*' Roger Walpoole sonn of Coe-^ar Walpoole p'son of W'ormeley, 25 Jan^. 

1599. Thomas Shotholte Sonne of James, 15 April. 

" Thomas Shotholt Armigcr cum 70 annos In Deum pie: in proximu iuste in 
seipsu sobrie vixerat; tandem anima' espirauit 9'^ die mensi.s Junij: scpal- 
tutq'. 10" die eiusde mensis: euisq' ext.quite solemnizabuntur 2'^ die Julij 
Anno vt supra. Viuit post funera virtus. 

" Jane Shotholte Widd. 17 Feb. 
1605-6. Elizabeth Hunter filia Tho: Hunter Ciuis London, 12 March. 

1606. Anna Chauncie vxur Henrici generosi. 28 Sept^ 

1607. Gulitlmus Shoth.ilte filius Jac-jbi de Munnes, 17 DeC. 
1607-8. Geor^ius Cook tilias Joh'nis Ciuis London, 19 Feb. 

1609. Eliz. Wilkes filia Randulphi Wilkes, Ciuis London, 21 Dec'. 

1612. Maria iihotboulte filia Philipi nrener", 19 April. 
'* Joh'ncs Garret al's Bacon. 23 Oct'. 

1613. Robertus Tattersall quondam Vicarius istius Ecclesiaa quum 37 Anno.s, 4 

Menses, et Vnam Iltbdoinadam verbura dei sincere tideliterq' huic populo 
praedicasset, tandem animam expirauit suara 19" die Mensis Nout-mbris 
Anno D(jmini 1613 ac j^epultus21'' eiusdem Mensis. Anno ^Etatis suse 74°. 
1613-14 naell Tattersall 23 March. 

1614. Elizab. Shothuult dauL'hr of Th..,m., 10 July. 

" Katherine Botoler dau'r of Phillip Boteler esquier, 31 .^.ug'. 
1616-17. Jc^hn Shotholt sonn of Phillip Shotholt. gt-nt., 28 -lany. 

1620. .M™ Alice Boteler wife rjf Phillip Boteler, irent., 27 April. 

1621. Ould James Shotholt of Lutieniiall, 19 .May. 

*' M' John Shotholt .■^on of John Shotholt esq', 13 Sept'. 

1622. M" -Mary Tailor wife of .M' Thomas Tailor esq'. , i.'9 June. 

1623. Ould Thi;maK Shotholt, 3 June. 

1625. Henry Tattersel .'^on of Thomas Tattersall, 11 Nov'. 

1627. Ould .M''* .Marv Shotholt widow. April 

*♦ Maruaret Sh.otbolt widow, April ... . 

'• ii' Thomas Shotboit, Gent, April 22. 



.'■ ; / r 



. r.u« 



280 The Wrights of Northampton, Mass. [J^Jy* 

1628, Anne Tattersell dau'r of Thomas T. , 9 July. 

1631. An Sikcs d:iu'r ol'Rofit. Sikes, Vicar of Yardlcy, 29 March. 
" liV Henry Chauncy, Gent, in the chauneell, 19 April. 

" Mary Shothult wile of James Sliutt).)lt. 21 Jany. 

1632. Phillip Shotbolt a child, son of Phillio Shotbolt, Gent, 10 May. 
" James Shotbolt of Luti'enhall, 29 Xov^ 

1633. Thomas Tattcrsall of Churchend, 2-J Jany. 

1639. Willm Shotbolt son of John 6. 3 July. 

1640. Elizabeth Tattersall dau"r of widow T. 13 July. 
1644-5. M'' Kobcrt Svkes late Vicar of Yardlv. 3 Jan?. 
165-2. John Parker of Yardley Bury. 23 Aug^. 

1655-6. M" Mary Chauncy wiie to M"^ Henry Chauncy late of Yardley bury was 

buried in the Cljauncell, 5 Feb. 
1656-7. John Shotbolt of Lutfenhaii. 3 Jan"v. 
1657-8. M" Judith Chauncy uf Vardley Bury, 13 Jan^. 
1653. Grace Marshall wife of Jonathan'Marsnall, 9 Sept'. 

" Jonathan Marshall of LufienhaU, 31 Deo^ [April. 

1663. M'^ Elizabeth Sykes wid. the rdicc ot Robert Sykes late Vicar of Yardiev, 11 

" M" Elizabeth Chauncy daughter of Henry Chauncy of Yardley Bury, £«q., 

,11 Aug'. " i■Dec^ 

IJenry Ciiauncy an infant son and heire of Henry Chauncy jun'", E--q^ 7 

1664-5. John Chauncy son of John Chauncy gent, second son of Henry Chauncy 

of Yardley Bury Esq, 3 March. 
1665. M'' Benjamin Harmer L-'ent, 1 May. 
1067. Willia WiUett, gent, 29 Sept. 
1669. M>- John Nevill. gent. 25 Oct. 
" Jane Sykes dau'r of Jolin Sykes vicar of Yardiey ••.. 

" George Chauncy citizen &, Drugster of London third son of Henry Channcy 
of Yardley Bury, E.-q was buried in the Chauneell at Yardley. 21 Fcbr. 
1672-3. M" Jane Chauncy wife of Henry Chauncy jun' of Yardiey Bury E^qf, 2 

Jany. 
1673-4. M" Mary Markham wife of Robert Markham, Esq, 19 Feby. 
1631. Henry Chauncey Esq, The Father of Sir Henry Cbauncey oi Yardlej-Bary 

K*., 6 Ma}-. 
1682. Jane y^ dau"r of Michcel Seymour, 14 Aug'. 

1686. M'' Christooher Yeadon of Yardley-Bury, 29 Dec^ 

1687. M' Grace Beaumont, widow, 19 Dec'. 

1691, Frances the wife of John Eston of London, 1 Oct^ 

" M' Frances Peerson, 6 Oct^ 
1696. M^ Catharine Tower, 25 Aug', 

The following names are of frequeni occurrence in tbhs Register, but are appa- 
rently those of common people. 

Green, Olyver, Thorogood (Thurgood), Austvn, Crane, Hall, Hummerston (? for 
Humberston). Archer, Watson, Wnght, Lane, Christie, Bjnd, Chessara, Mvles, 
Cooke, Chapman, Shepherd, Kympton. Lodge, Kinrj, Skegg, Cave, Overall, Paliat, 
Cantrell, Parker, Semer vel Seymour, Forstcr. North. 

Register of Papworth Everard 1565-1692. Add MS. 31,854, British Museum. 
1600. Susanna tilia Henrici Chauncey baptizata vicesimo nono die Augusti. 



THE WRIGHTS OF NORTHAMPTON, MASS. 
By WiLLiAH K. Weight, Esq., of Northampton, Mass. 

I HAVE j^athered from old records the names of many of the descend- 
ants of Dea. Samuel Wright, who was one of the first settlers of North- 
ampton. A few of these names in the line of Judah Wriirht. the youngest 
son of Dea. Samuel, I send to you for publication in the Rkgister. 

In the RKGisTtR, vol. iv. pp. 3o5-3o3. is an article written by Mr. Jo- 
seph "W. "Wright containing a partial genealogy of Dea. Samuel 'Wright. 



■■■-.ra i' 



1886.1 The Wrights of jSrorthamj)ton, Mass. 281 

la the article referred to it is said that Judah "Wright went to Deerfield. 
It was Judah,' son of Judah," and grandson of Dea. Samuel,' who settled 
in Deertield, and was ancestor of most of the Deerfield Wrights. The will 
of Dea. Samuel Wright contains tlie following: 

" Fornsiniich as my two sons have jointly carried on the work about a new house, 
my will is y' James due still help to tinisli y*^ house till it be made comtbrtable to 
live in. Likewise my will is y' in consideration my son James hath y^ house and 
home lot, y' he pay to his bruther Judah fifteen pounds — tlie manner ot' paying this 
fifteen pounds to my son Judah to be five pounds a year in work till all be paid." 

The homestead of Judah' Wright, situated on Bridge Street in North- 
ampton, continued in his line five successive generations. 

The homestead of James, first granted to his father about lGo7, situated 
a few rods northeasterly from meeting-house hill, continued in the line of 
James until 1799. 

The homestead of Samuel Wright, Jr., who came to Northampton with 
his father, has continued in that line from 1657 till the present time. 

1. Dea. S.iMUEL* Wright, by wife Margaret, had children: 

i. Samcei.,' m. Elizabeth Burt, Nov. 24, 1653. For their descendants, see 

Reg. iv. o55-6. 
ii. J.^ME3, m. Abigail Jess, Jan. 18, 166-i. 
iii. Mary. 

iv. Margaret, m. Thomas Bancroft, Dec. 8, 1R53. 
V. Hester, m. Samuel Marshfield, Feb. 18, 1651-2. 
vi. Lydia, d. Feb. 13. 1699; m. first, Lawrence Bliss, Oct. 25, lfi54 ; m. 

second, John Nurton, Oct. 3, 1678 ; m. third, John Lamb, 1638 ; m. 

fourth, George Colton, 1692. 
2. vlL JtDAU, b. May 10. 16J2. 

viii. Helped, b. 7 mo. (i. e. ^September) 15, 1644, probably died young. 

2. Ju0-a.h' Wright [Samuer) was born at Springfield IMay 10, 1642; 

died at Northampton, 1725. Was twice married — first to Mercy 
Burt, Jan. 8, 1C*J6; married second, to widow Sarah Burke. July 
11, 1706, being her third marriage. She was daughter of Thomas 
and Mary Woodford, was born Sept. 2, 1649, married first, Nehe- 
miah Allen, Sept. 4, 1664. when but two days more than fifteen 
years of age. She married second, Richard Burke, 1687; married 
third as above. Judah Wright and wife Mercy were admitted to 
the church 1672, and in 1675 personally took the covenant and ad- 
mitted to full communion. 

The date of the death of the first wife not known. The second 
wife Sarah died March 31, 1712. Children of Judah and Mercy: 

i, Samuel,' b. Nov. 6, 1667 ; d. 1668. 

ii. Mercy, b. March 4, 1668-9; m. Dec. 15, 1692, Samuel .Allen* of Deer- 
field ; was his second wife. Samuel Allen m. first. Mary Baldwin, 
July 14. 1667 (daughter of Joseph Baldwin, Jr., of Hadley). Samuel 
Allen had two children by his fir>t wife, viz. : Samuel, b. May 29, 
1688, and Mary, b. Feb. 6, 1690— died. The children of Samuel Al- 
len and Mercy: 1 y<^hcmio/i,'* b. Sept. 21, 1693— died ; 2. .\hrcy* b. 
June 29, 1695 ; 3. NdiennaU* h. Sept. 19. 1697 ; 4. Mary* b. Oct. 22, 
1699, m. Benjamin Sraallev uf Lebanon; 5. Daniel* b. Nov. 1, 1701 ; 
6. Hester* b. Feb. 26, 1704, d. Dec. 18, 1707 ; 7. Lydta* h. Mav 15, 
1706, m. Selah Murray of Guilford; 8. Josepfi* b. Oct. 14, 1708, in 
' Deerfield. This Joseph wjls father of Cul. EcLaa* Allen, the celebrated 

■warrior. 9. Eiieneztr* b. April 26, 1711. 

• Samnel Allen was a son of Nchfjmiah and grandson of Samuel Allen of Wiadsori Ct, 
See Allen Genealogy, Reo. xxx. 444. 

VOL. XL. 25* 



.1J ,•■.' 



282 The Wrights of ^Northampton, Mass. [July, 

iii. Hester, b. \\\g. 18. 1671 ; d. 1674. 

iy. Jcdah, b. Nov. 4. 1673 ; d. younn:. 

3. V. JuDAH, b. May. 1H77 ; m. Mercy Iloyt, of Deerfield.. 

4. vi. Ebenezer, b. 1679 ; m. Mary Judd. 

vii. Tuomas, b. April 8, 16S2; was a weaver ; d. unmar. 1744. 
viii. Patienxe, b. April 18, 1681 ; m. John Stebbins, 1710. 
is. NiTHAXiEL, b. -May 5, 1688; d. at Deerfield, 1711. 

3. Jcdah' Wright {Judah,^ Samuel}) married Mercy Hoyt of Deer- 

field, April 4, 1707. He died Aug. 3, 1747. Children: 
i. JuDAH,* b. Jan. 23, 1708. 

ii. Mary, b. 1700 ; m. Noah Chapin, May 23, 1733. 
iii. David, b. June 12, 1711 ; m. Elizabeth Hitchcock, 1745. Elizabeth 

Wright appointed giiardian of Submit, heir and only daughter of 

DavTd Wrii^ht of Deerfield, 1747. 
iv. Sarah, b. Oct. 23. 1713 ; m. Samuel Childs, 1739. 

5. V. Noah. b. March 27, 1716 ; m. Jan. 20, 1746, Esther Scott. 

6. vi. AsAHEL, b. Oct. 8, 1721 ; m. Lucy \\'ait. 

4. Ebenezer' Wright {Judah," Samuel^) married Mary JudJ, July, 

1709. He died P^eb. 22, 1767. She died April 15, 1748, aged 60. 
Children: 

i. Mart,* b. May 8, 1710 ; m. Waitstill Strong of Southampton, Feb. 23, 
1752 ; second wife. She d. 1770. 

ii. Mercy, b. June 9, 1713; m. Joseph Clark, May 2, 1734. She d. Feb. 
13, 1735, in her 22d year. Said to be the first person that died in 
south precinct (Southamptonj . She left one daughter, b. Feb. 12, 
1735, who married Noah Endgman. 

iii. Eunice, b. Aug. 17. 1715; m. Selah Clark, Sept. 22, 1737. She died 
Nov. 15, 1806. Their children: I. Eunice,^ b. Sept. 13, 1738; m. 
Aaron Pomeroy, 1704 ; 2. Anne,'' b. June 17. 1740; 3. Mary.^ b. Sep- 
tember 23, 1742; -i. Hannah ,* ; 5. Selah,^ b. Sept. 30, 1747; 

6. Rhoda,^ h. Nov. 9, 1749 ; 7. Amasa,^ bapt. April 6, 1755 ; 8. Isa- 
bcl,^ m. Joseph Pomeroy, 1778. 

iv. Ebenezer, b. July 23. 17i7 ; d. Sept. 22, 1802. 

V. Nathaniel, b. Oct. 18. 1720 ; d. Jan. 22. 1796. 

vi. Racdel, b. Oct. 6, 1723; m. Gideon Clark. She died Sept. 7, 1748 ; 
left two children, viz., Rachel, b. Sept. 12, 1746, and Gideon, b. 1748. 

7. vii. BiLDAD, b. about 1726; m. first, Elizabeth Oakes, Dec. 19. 1753. She 

died Jan. 30, 1771. He m. second, Sarah, widow of Elijah Moody, 
1778. He d. July 8, 1799, aged 72. She d. Dec. 29, 1821. 

5- Noah* Wright [Judah,^ Judah^ Samuel}) married Jan. 20, 1746, 
Esther Scott of Sunderland. He died Nov. 7, 1797. She died 
Oct. 24, 1806, aged 91. They had two children, viz.: 
i. Noah,* who d. young. 
ii- Eunice, who m. Sept. 22, 1763, Samuel Childs, of Deerfield. 

6. Asahel* Wright {Judah^ Judah,* Samuel}') married Lucy Wait 

He died 1816. 

In his will, recorded at Greenfield, 1817, are mentioned — daughters Lucy,* 
wife of Thomas Sanderson ; Marv, wife of Solomon Field ; Lois, wife of 
Isaac Baker ; Mercy, widow of the late Joshua Hawks ; and sons Judah 
.and AsAHEL. 

7. BiLDAD* Wright (Ebenezer,' Judah,' Sat7iuer) married first, Eliza- 

beth Oakes, Dec. 19, 1753. Children: 

8. i. Esos,* b. Jan. 15, 1755 ; m. Elizabeth Wright, 1776. I 

ii. Elizabeth, m. Thomas Bridgman, April, 28. 1791. She d. May 25, 1806. 
Their childreu : 1. George,* b. Feb. 12, 17'J2: 2. Laura} 11. June 19. 
17y3; m. iicst, Ralph Stebbins, Oct. 12, 1813; m. second, Amanda 



. i .' 'J 






■'!:-] .1 



1886.] The Wrights of XorUiampton, Mass. 283 

Wood, lS-37 ; 3. Thomas.^ b. July U. 1795 ; 4. Bclscy,^ h. March 11, 
1797, d. Feb. :;:0, 17'J8 ; 5. a dau.,^ died in 3 1-2 hours, July 8, 179S ; 

6. [VUliam.^ h. October. 1790, d. Sept. CS, lSO-3. 

iii. Jercsha, m. William Clark. Jr., July 19, 1787; she d. Feb. 17. 1816, 
aged 51. Tlieir children : 1. Lj/a'u.';,* bap. Feb. 1, 17S9 ; 2. Sarah,* 
b. Oct. 24. 1790, d. Sept. 16, 1823 ; 3. Jerusha,^ b. Feb. 3, 1793. lu. 

Ogden ; 4. William,^ b. April 5. 1795 ; 5. Riifus,^ b. May 27, 

1797, d. April 5. 1811; 6. Miranda,^ b. Jan. 5, ISOO.'d. .\ov. 6, 1625; 

7. Betsey.^ h. June 30. 1S02, d.Sept. 21, 1803; 8. Elizabeth,^ b. July 
7, 1805, d. Oct. 16, 1800. 

iv. BiLDAD, hap. Feb. 10, 17G0 ; was in the revolutionary army, 
V. Perez, bap. April 4, 1762, d. 1816, at Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Bildad AYright's wife Elizabeth died Jau. 30, 1771, He married, sec- 
ond, Sarah, widow of Elijah JMoody, 1778. Children : 

vi. Elihu, bap. Aug. 15, 1780; d. 1781. 

vii. Sarah, bap. July 24, 1782 ; m. John King. 

8. Enos^ "Wright {Bildad* Ebenezer,^ Judah* Samuel^) married Eliza- 

beth Wright, daughter of Timothy, July 18, 1776, He died May 
30, 1834, She_died Dec. 15, 1854, aged 98 years and sis months. 
He was deacon of the first church from 1791 to his death. Children: 

i. Mary,* b. April 27, 1777; m. Thaddeus Russell, June 23, 1796; she d. 
Nov. 30, 1>36. Their children : 1. Charles,'' b. May 26, 1797 ; settled 
in Colerain. has a family ; 2. James,'' b. Julj- 15, 1799, d. May 2l, 
1836 ; 3. Mary,'' b. July 23. 1S02. m. Jacob Pardons ; 4. Sylvester,'' 
b. April 27. 1S05, d. -Mav 25. 1605 ; 5. Sylvester'' 2d, b. xMay 5, 1607 ; 
6. Elizabeth,'' b. Aug. 2S, 1810, d. Aug. 29, 1810; 7. Elizabeth' 2d, 
b. March 1. 1812; 8. Edward'' and Sarah,'' b. March 24, 1817, both 
d. same year. 
9. ii. Ebenezek, b. Feb. 22, 1779 ; d. June 2, 1814; m. Betsey Pomeroy, Nov. 
30, 1807 ; she d. June 15. 1874, 3et. 90. 

iii. Elizabeth, b. July 22, 17S1 ; d. Oct. 1. 1787. 

10, iv. Enos, b. Jan. 18, 1781 ; m. Aurora Searle. 
V. Eleanor, b. March 1, 1766; d. 1787. 

Ti. Elizabeth 21. b. June 25. 1768 ; m. Melzer Warner, of Williamsburg, 
Nov. 17, 1616, second wife. Their children : 1. Eunice,'' b. Sept. 15, 
1817; 2. /^Va/!a"sS.,^b. ADril21, 1819; 3. Edivin VV'.,^ b. Jan. 31, 1621. 

Tii, Eleanor 2d, b. July, 1790; m. Nov. 24, 1813, Calvin Wdder. Had. 
Oct. 2S, 1.-3S. set. 48. She d Aug. 15. 1838. No children. 

11, Tiii, Levi, b. Jan. 7, 1793; m. first, Phimela Smith; m. second, Sophia 

Wilder, Feb. 9, 1832. 
is. Sylvester, b. Aug. 17. 1795 ; d. 1S03. 
X. Miriam, b. July 12, 1799 ; d. June 30, 1801. 
xi. Miriam 2d, b. June 28, 1602 ; m. April 11, 1833, Moses Bryant. 

9. Ebexezer* Wright (Ems.* Bildad,* Elenezer^ Judah^ Samuel}) 

was a graduate of Williams College, 1805; studied for the ministry; 
employed bv the Hampshire Mi-ssionary Society in St. Lawrence 
County, N.'Y., from 1S09-14; died at Russell, N. Y, Married 
Betsey Pomeroy, Nov. 30, 1807, She was daughter of Gaius Pome- 
roy, a descendant of Eltwed Pomeroy. Children: 

i. Elizabeth Pomeroy,^ b. Sept. 24, 1803; d. at Yarmouth, N. S., Feb. 
19, 1823. 

12, ii. William Ki.ng, b. Dec. 26. 1811 ; m. April 26, 1836, Phebe Phelps. 
iii. Sarah Clark, b. Aug. 4, 1814. 

Widow Betsey Wright married second, Rev. Abel Cutler, Nov. 26, 
1815. Their children: 

i. Emily Pamelia, b. Nov. 17, 1817 ; d. at Yarmouth, N. S., 1822. 
ii. Mary Nixun, b. Nov. 24, 182(t; m. .May 18, 1812, William N. BrvanC. 
iii. Emily, b. July 24, 1824 ; m. May 23, I'SoO, Kan^iom L. Croweil, ii^w a 
merchant of Bernard&tja, Mass. 



284 2Totes and Documents concernhig Ilurjh Peters. [July, 

10. En'Os' Wright (Enos,^ Bildad* Ehenezer,^ Judah,^ SamiceP) married 

Aug. 7, 1809, Aurora Searle. She was bora Jau. 31, 1788. Cb. : 

i. Samuel/ b. April 10, 1812; m. Sarah Pulver. 

ii. Enos, b. July 23. 1814 ; d. July '26, 1815. 

iii. A DAUGUTER, b. Sept. 14. 1816 ; d. 

iv. Julia, b. March 18, 18-JO. 

T. Nancy, b. Nov. 20. 1823. 

13. vi. E.Nos. b. June 8, 1820 ; m. Oct. 23, 1849, Anna Maria Phelps. 

vii. Elea>or, b. Aug. 28, 1820. 

11. Levi* Wright [Ehos,^ Bildad* Ebenezer,^ Judah^ Samuel'^) married 

first, Phimela Smith. She died Jan. 16, 1831, aged 37. He mar- 
ried second, Feb. 9, 1832, Sophia Wilder. She died April 27, 
1862. Children of Levi and Phimela : 

i. Sylvkster,^ b. 1813; m. first, Harriet Clark ; second, widow Amanda 

Smith (formerly Moody). 
ii. Elizabetu, bap. 1815; m. Frank Cook, of lladley, Mass. 
iii. Levi, bap. 1817 ; m. Harriet Graves. She d. Nov. 1846 ; he d. Aug. 

19, 1846. 
iv. Ebenezer, bap. IR19; d. unmarried, July 26, 1860. 
V. Phimela, bap. 1822. 
vi. Mary, bap. 1825. 
yii. Amelia, bap. 1827 ; m. Charters. 

12. WlLLi.\M King^^Wright {Ebenezer^^ Enos,^ BUdad* Ebenezer, Ju- 

dah^ Samuel^) married first, April 26, 183G, Phebe Phelps. She 
died Oct. 25, 1S78. He married second, 3Iarch 24, 1881, widow 
Keziah M. "Williams (formerly Phelps). Children: 

i. William IIenr.y,s b. March 4, 1841 : d. Jan. 26, 1851. 

ii. Elizabeth Pomekoy, b. Jan. 18, 1847 ; m. Edward S. Niles, April 15, 
1880. Thtir children : 1. E/iot Wrirjtil,^ b. March 19. 1881 ; 2. Helen 
Adora,^ h. June 18, 1883. They now reside in Boston. 

iii, Mary Phelps, b. Oct. 5, 1849; d. Aug. 3, 1853. 

iv. Carolixk Ellen, b. xMarch 28, 1854 ; d. July 22, 1856. 

13. Enos' Wright (Enos,^ Enos,^ BilJad* Ebenezer,'^ Jadah,^ SamueT>) 

married Oct. 23, 1819, Anna Maria Phelps. Children: 

i. Annette Maria,' b. Oct. 19, 1851. 

ii. Edward Enos, b. April 29, 1854 ; d. July 30, 1856. 

iii. Henry Lewis, b. Nuv. 20. 1857 ; d. Dec. 8, 1857. 

iv. Ellen Al-rora, b. July 23. 1859 ; d. Aug. 28, 1861. 

T. Charles Saiicel, b. Aug. 31, 1861. 

vi. Martha Anna, b. June 4, 1868. 



NOTES AND DOCUMENTS CONCERNING HUGH PETERS. 

Communicated by G. D. Scull, Esq., of London, England. 
[Continued from page 175.] 

Excerpted out of the Inventory Book of his Maj"" 

Goods in Wiiiteiiall, St. Ja.mes's, So.meuset 

House, the Tower, Windsor, &c. &c. 

Plate L^- Jewells in the upp' Jewell house in the Tov/er in charge of S' 
Hen: Myldmaye Appraised the 13: 14: «S: 15 dayes of August 

1649 



>-.J 



1886.] JS^otes and Documents conceiving Hugh Peters. 285 



Fol: 36. 



delivd to the Mint 
to be Coyned. 



The Imp'iall Crowne of Massy Gold weigli^ 7 
enriched t^c : at 40*: p'' lb. 

valued 



These 19: Saphirs 
sold to Roger Humfric: 
30 April 1650 
for 19S£. 



one blew Saphir 
one Saphir 
Two Saphirs 
One Saphir 
One Saphir 
One Saphir 
Two Saphirs 
Two Saphirs . 
One Saphir 
One Saphir 
1 Saphir 
1 Saphir 
1 Saphir 

1 Saphir 

2 Saphirs . 



Sold to Mr John Crooke 

3d Jan: 1649 

for 320£ 



the s^ 56 Rubies 

sold Mr Leigh : 

7 Jan: 1649 

for 200£ 

2 Rubies sold Derrick 



Sold Mr Murrey 
as appraised. 

Sold Rolit Mallary, 

3 Jan'v 1649 

for 191£ 1(J* ei 



the Gold d'd to the 
Mint to be Coyned. 

all sold 3: Jan. 1619, 
for 210£ to Mf Crooke. 

all ^ut 81 pearlcs sold. 

the 2 pcaiic-s told 

Derrick. 



£ 
50. 
15. 
30. 

3. 

3. 
10. 
15. 



3. 
20. 
15. 

3. 

5. 
10. 



s. d. 
00. 00. 
00. 00. 
00. 00. 
00. 00. 
00. 00. 
00, 00. 
00. 00. 
00. 00. 
00. 00. 
00. 00. 
00. 00. 
00. 00. 
00. 00. 
00. 00. 
00. 00. 









198. 


00. 


00: 


Ruby Ballasis 






£ 


s. 


d. 


232 pearles at — 15' apeece 


. 


174. 


00. 


GO 


Four Rubies in the Flower de luce . 


. 20. 


00. 


00 


4 : in the Cross . 


, 


, 


6. 


00. 


00 


2 : in the de Luce . 


. 


, , 


. 12. 


00. 


00 


4: in the Cross . 


^ 


^ 


6. 


00. 


00 


2 : in the de luce 


. 


^ . 


3. 


00. 


00 


5 : in the Cross . 


. 


, 


12. 


00. 


00 


4: in the de Luce . 


. 


, . 


. 30. 


00. 


00 


4 : in the Cross . 


, 


, 


20. 


00. 


00 


4: in the de luce 


^ 


, ^ 


. 20. 


00. 


00 


4 : in the de Luce 


• 


• 


20. 


00. 


00 


37 valued at 149^ 


149. 


00. 


00 








£ 


s. 


d. 


2i Rubies at 


• 


• 


\Q. 


00. 


00 


2 Emeralds at 


. 


• • 


5. 


00. 


00 


28 Diamonds at . 


• 


• 


168. 


00. 


00 




189. 


00. 


00 


The Queenes Crowue 


weighing Z^^ 


■.10"^\ 






vallued at 40^' p-" lb: 


1 5 oz 


being 


abated £ 


s. 


d. 


for the weight of the 


stone 


• 


. 136. 


13. 


04 


20 Saphirs {j^^J 


• 


• 


. 70. 
50. 


00. 

00. 


00 
00 


22 Rubies 


^ 


, 


. 40. 


00. 


00 


83 Pearles . 


• 


• 


41. 


10. 


00 



201. 10. 00 



286 



ITotes and Docinnents concerning Hugh Peters. [July, 



20' of the Gold sold A small Crowne found in an Iron Chest 

Mr. dumYjTnv ^9 formerly in ti.e custod v of the Lord Cot- 

/ ' ' ' ',,,,, tiiKrton, ^\eiirhinlr 2"": 1" whereof 3" to 
the rest of tlie Gold d d , =",, i .• ^T -it e .i ^^^„,^n 

to the Mint to be coyned be allowed tor the weight ot the stones 

and valued at 3^: C: 8'' per oz . 

sold to James Guinon q Q„riVi;r« 
3 Jan. 1649 for 6.5£ » ^^phirs 



Sold M^ Mosey .ns ap- • Di-^^o^^ 
praised 23 Oct. Ibol. 



prai 

Sold Mr dme5q._21 • Emerald 
Jany. 1619 lor I6t, 

i rock ruby 
The 10 rubies, 13 dla- 8 Rubies 
monds & 70 Pearls sold i oriental Ruby . 
Mr.Crookeforl30£:2^8 Diamonds . 
5 Diamonds 
70 Pearls at 2' 6'^ each 



7d the 3 Jan. 1649. 



£ 
73. 

60. 

200. 

12. 

15. 

20. 

8. 

24, 

8, 



s. d. 
OG. 08 

00. 00 
00. 00 
00. 00 

00. 00 
00. 00 
00. 00 
00.00 
00.00 
15. 00 



fol: 37: 

..^ . .^ Minf The Globe weiabing l'** 5°^ at 3^ 6' 8"^ 
d d to the Mint -7 => * 

to be coyned. per ounce, vallued at 

Two Coroiiacon Bracelets weighing 7°^^ 
(whereof one ounce to be deducted for 
d'd to the Mint thewei-ht of the stones & pearles) at 

ye Gold valued at 20£ „<; ^,, r.a • 

' 3^ b' o*^ per oz is 

1 „r 3 Rubies Ballass set in each of the Brace- 
The stones & pearles of 

these 3 pecces sold M"- lets vail : at 

Crooke 3 Jany 1649, 12 Pearles vail : at . . . . 

with some other broken 
stones for 25£ 

Two Septers weighing 18oz^ at 3£ : 6': 8^ 
per oz ..... . 

A long rod of Silver gilt weighing 1^** : 5°^. 
at 5' : 4"^ per oz .... 

One gold Porringer & cover weighing 
looz^ valued at 3£ : C : 8*^ per oz 

One gold Cup set w"^ 2 : Saphirs & 2 Bal- 
las Rubies weighing 15^^^ at 3£ : 6' 8^ 
per oz ..... . 

Two gold Trencher plates enamelled, weigh- 
ing 25". i at 3£ : G' : 8"^ per oz vallued at 

Two gold Spoones w'*" flat heads weighing 
5ozJ at 3£ : G' : 8"* per oz valued at . 

One Toster of gold enamelled w'^ a phoenix 
weighing 5oz^ at 3£ : 6' : 8"* per oz . 
fol". 37b. 

A George on Horseback of Gold w''* a 
pearle in his Flelmet & a dragon enam- 
elled oz 33 at 3£ per ounce 

Brass & Copp' medalls of sevrall sorts found 
in an Iron Chest in y' Lower Jewell 
house formerly in the Lord Cottington's 
charge in number 130 & vailed at 



355. 

£57. 



15.00 

10.00 



20. 00. 00 



6. 
10. 



00. 00 
00.00 



d'd to ye Mint. 
d'd to the Mint 

Mint. 

Mint. 

Mint. 
Mint. 

Hint. 



d'd to y* Mint. 



sold to Mr. :Mallarv the 

31 Dec 1649 

for 14£. 14^ 4-1. 



16. 

60. 

4. 

51. 

51, 

85. 

17. 

6, 



00. 00 
00. 00 
10. 08 
13. 04 

13.04 
00. 00 
10.00 
13. 04 



99. 00. 00 



13. 10. 00 



JJ5 : ilf hJLH:-: : 






D .01 -t 

■J .1, . ,".' 
'■:.! .Hi . ;i 



-. t..vi;^>"<r<i<2 ;.-.<. !■! I'tfi'tri' 



X:: 



y ■■■■.'■ r ..> •;.. 



-Mf. 






JfliU 



iii:-il 



.JniM • f o: '>'' 



(iS 



1886.] 2\^otes and Documents concerning Hugh Peters. 287 

A<A . *, »f . Two Otiiiucr peeces & a Set of Gold weigh- 
d'd to the Mint. - , a i •-. i- i -,, q7 nn (\r\ 

lug lOozJ at 3£: 12' per oz . . d7.U0.UU 

fol: 40. 

Part of tlie Rectal ia Removed from "Westm^ to 

the Tower Jewell house. 

Queen Ediths Crowue formerly thought to 

Oneoz sold Mr darama- ^e of Massv cold, but unon tryall found 

"Xh i/advIncS.'' to be Of silver gilt, enricht w- Garnets 

^j.. foule pearles, Saphyrs & some odd Stones 

weighed 50 oz' vullued at . . 16. 00. 00 

King Elfrids Crowne of gold wyre worke 
d'dtoy«Mint. set w"" slight stones & two litle Bells 

weighing 7'Jozi at 3£ per oz. alias 80oz| 248. 10. 00 
Mint. ■ A Gold phxte dish enameled set w"' slight 
i'reSueoVjfn.'l^ti stones-23ozi at 3£ : 6' : 8^ per OZ. val- ^^ ^ ^ ^^ 
which is advanced. lued at ..... • 77. 11. 00 

One large Glass cup wrought in figures & 
SoldM'MilnerSOofDec ^^t in Gold w- some stones & pearles 

1649 for 110. 10. 00 ^gjghi^^g g.^ozl vall"^ at 30' per oz . 102. 15. 00 
A dove of gold set w"' stones & pearles 
d'd to ye Mint. Sozi set w'-' studds of silver gilt in a box 

vallued together .... 26. 00. 00 
The Gould & Stones belonging to a Collar 
of Crimson Taffety wrought with Gold 
d'd to ye Mint. and Stones set in plates of silver enameled 

weighing 27oz^ at 50' per oz. . . 18. 15. 00 

fol 40.b. 

One Staffe of black & white Ivory w''* a 
Sold Mr Lavender 31 dove on the Top w'" binding and feete 
Deer 1649 for 5£. IQs. of Gold valiued at .... 4.10.00 

A large staff w'-" a dove on the topp for- 
merly thought to be all gold but upon 

,,, , „. , trial) found to be, the lower pte wood 

d'd to ye Mint. t^. „ ., .. th ^ *i ~t 

w'"in & silver gut w'^out, the upp p\ 

wood w"'in & gold w"'out weighing vi oz 

& vallued at 35. 00. 00 

One small staff w"^ a Flower de Luce on 

to v« Mint th® ^*^P formerly thought to be all of 

gold, but upon tryall found to be Iron 

w*4n & silver gilt w^ut, vallued at . 2. 10. 00 

Two Septers one set w"* pearles & stones 

the upp end gold, the lower end silver 

toy« Mint. the gold weighing 23"^* at 55' per ounce, 

the lower end home & litle silver gilt, 

valued at 12'. The other silver gilt w"* 

a dove formerly thought gold weighing 

7°'| at 5' : C^ per ounce ... Go. 19. 7J 

Sold Mr Kinnersly 27 A silver spoone gilt weighing 3oz at 5' : 4'^ 

ofDecr 1649, for I6». per ounce . .^ . . . 00.16.00 

&V-fe' ?oH ^S^m-The gold of y« Tassels of y« Liv^ colour'd 

maresque, 2l>- Janv for Kobbe weighing . . . . oz : vallued at 2£ 

6£ the gold to r ilint per oz^ 8£ : and the Coate w'^ the neck 
at oJt. * 



C > .0! .i 






00 .00 .«". 



o 



00 .Oi .^ 



"i: 



iiO .0.! .w 



2SS JS^otes and Documents concerning Hugh Peters. [July, 

button of gold vail'* at 2£. The Roabe 
bavin c some pearles vall"^ at 3£ : iu all 

vail"* at 13.00.00 

According to order of Parli' : all these 
are broken and defaced. 
One pair of silver gilt spurrs w'^ Buckles 
d'dtoyeMint. set vr"^ 12 Stones & crimson silk strapps 

po' 6oz| at 5' : 4'* p' ounce . . 1. 13. 0-4 

fol. 41. 

An Inventory of the Eegalia in an Iron Chest formerly kept in 
Westm' Abbe}-. 

£ s. d. 

One Crimson TafPatie Roabe val* . 00.10.00 

One Roabe trim'd w''' Gold lace . . 00.10.00 

One Liver-coloiir'd silk Robe worth nothing 00. 00. 00 

All sould One Robe of Crimson Tatfate sarsenet . 00. 05. 00 

M-- Humfrres One p' of Buskins of Cloth of Silver & Silv 

the28ofNovl&49 stocking at 00.02.06 

for 5£ One p' of^Shoes of Cloth of Gold . 00. 02. 00 

One p' of imbrodered Gloves val<* at . 00. 01. 00 

Three swords w'"' scabards of Cloth of gold 

valued at . . . . . • 03.00.00 
One home Combe worth nothing. 

Sevrall things rec** from some Gent: & (a° 1649) remain^ in 
Somerset house Closet. 

TK-c fi . -trjn,. h..i nn A Garter of Blew velvet set w"- 412 : small 
This the Kinc liaa on -, p \ • ..\ n *^,i„ ^f 
when he vras beheaded. diamands formerly in the Custody ot 
Sonld Mr Ircton the 3<i Captaine Preston & now in the Closet, 
of Jany 1649ibr2'.o£. yal*^ at 160.00.00 

foP : 41. b. 

One Collar of Esses of Gold formerly in 
toveAlint Co'^ Harisons custodv, weigh^ 35ozi at 

^ ' ' 3£peroz . . ' • . • • 106.10.00 

Reed fro Mr Hunt a ^ gjj^ ^^^-[^ called the dutchy seale weigh- 
Clearke heloDi:^' to y^ _ •' o aa nn 

parliameut. - inc 32:oz at o' per ounce . • o. UU. UU 

to ye mint. ° , , . , -, r^ 

The Gold & silver belonging to an old Cross, 

being all wood underneath & set w*^ coun- 
to ye mint. terfeit stones, the Gold weighing ISozJ 

at 3£ per oz., the silver weighing 31oz 
& 5' per ounce, valued . . . 48. 05. 00 

EXCERPTFD OUT OF A BOOKE INTITULED DeNMARKE HOUSE WaRDKOBE, 

A p'ticular of such Goods as were viewed 
the 12'": of Feb': 1643. 

fol: 21. 

Queene Annes parliament & Coronation Robes. 

A kirtle of Crimson velvet lyned w"" white Taffety bor- 

Sold to dered about w"' Enuynes w"" a Traine joyned to the 

Elianor Thomas same lined quite through w"" Ermynes, w'* an Plood 

30 Oct 1C49 & Bodyes of t!ie same. A surcoate to the same w*'' 

for 22£ a long Traine lined w*-^ Ermynes w"" Gold Tassells 

to the same and strings suteable. 



.01 IK 



}& "lev 



Jnii 



1886.] JS'otes and Documents concerning Hugh Peters. 



280 



30 Oct. 1649 
for 22£ 



A Kirtle of purple velvet lyned w"' white Tafety bor- 
dered about w"^ Ermynes w"** a Trayne to the same 
Sold to lyued quite through \\'^ Ermyues & Hood & Bodies 

Elia: Thomas of the same. ^ , ,. i 

A Surcoate to the same w*^ a loug trayne lined 
w"^ Ermynes w"^ gold Tassells to the same & strings 
suteable. 

fol° ibid. 

Robes of King lien : the 8 
Sold Mr Xoell Two Robes of white cloth of silver of the 
24 Oct 1649 for80£ Order of S' Michaell val"^ at . . 20. 00. 00 

A Skreene cloth of white Satyn eiTibrodered all on w'^ 
^^^ needleworke of gold & silver w*" the colours of_ Eng- 

land iS: Scotland joyn'd together & wrought in the 
same in a circle of fine needleworke w'"" the Armes 
of the Ku*' of the Garter wrought in the s"* cloth 
lyned with changeable Tathty frindged at the ends &, 
s'ides w'*" narrow friudge of gold & .Silver & cont in 

2yds^ length 
1 yd in a breadth 

fol : 43. 

Hampton Cort TTardrobe. 
One peece of Arras of the coming into England of King Hen : the 7"" 
w'^ one hand taking the Crowne from Richard the o^ & w''' the other hand 
holds a Rose Cro'wned, lyned w'^ blew Canvas, conts Length 4yds5 
Breadth 4ydsi— | 

One peece of the History of S' George lyned w*^ blew Buckrome con* 1 
ydf . 3 na \ lyd^- 

fo: 74. 

One Garter of Stoole worke embrodered w''' Gold w*^oat Buckle or 
pendant, 

fol. 99. 

"Wyndsor wardrobe. 
Three (altered into G) peeces of purple velvet embrodered w*^ the Gar- 
ter, w'^'' were heretofore a Ceeler Tester & Counterpoint, but now cometed 
into Hangings & lyned w'^ Canvas cont' Length 1. = 4 yds J depth 3 
yda \. 1 = 4 yds depth 4 yds \. length. 1 == 5 yds \ dep^th 6 yds ^— ]. 
Six single vallences of the like velvet embrodered w"' a Garter frindged 
w"* purpl^silke & gold cont^ 25 yds i of a y*^ or thereabout, made into 
Hangings w"" the former 3 peeces. 

fol. 102 
A Unicornes Home con' — 2 yds i na = 9^'' 2oz weight. 
P — A peece of Arras of S' George <S^ the dragon. 

103. 

In the Garter Roome in the Custody of Colonell Whichcote.- 
A lar-e Bible in foliu cover'^ w'^ puride velvet vi'^ Brass at tlie Corners. 
A pui[.L't cloth of purple Satin lay"^ all over w'^ Crownes vx Portcullesses 
VOL. XL. 26 



,Ri • fnf 



! 'iiav :ii;iv;:,-l.->iji.'l v;j!.i 'v h-Mi -I .,^.<)*jJ^ "C lo /-.c.-jrlT •' 



:0 ')!iA'.ior» '-'o''' f< filuiJ '^'V h^^^■^i0^6ia'.■i o;i"jo/i o' 



.ee ..'o? 



lo i 



-uf !:.,/ 



.eof 






290 Ilenry Jossehjn, Magistrate of Maine. [July, 

of Gold. A great cloth carpet. Nvne longe Cushions. 6 Banners. The 
Roome hanged round w'''^ woolen hangings checked w"* red, white and 
greene. Alarge sword. A picture of Ed. y* 3*^ at length w*^ a grecne 
Curtaine before it. Two Tables of the Order of the Garter. 

fol. 103. b. 
One Bell «fc Clock on y* Gate by tlie Wine Cellar dore w'=^ is said to 
cost 200£. A. 1111 



HENRY JOSSELYX, THE FIRST AXD OXLY ROYAL 
CHIEF MAGISTRATE OF :\IAINE. 

By William M. Sargent, A.M., of Portland, Me. 

GEOFFREY JOSSELYN = 
of Hyde HaU, co. Herts, I 
qui obiit 1424. I 

Thomas (eldest son) = Alice Duke. 

• Arms. — Azure, of Hyde Hall, 
a josscljii argent and 

sable, with four hawk's i 

bells in quadrature or. George, of Sheering, =Maud Bardolf. 

Crest. — A falcon's leg also of Hyde Hall, 
erased at the thigh 



proper, belled or. | 

Motto :— " Faire mon John, of High Ilooding,=Phillippa Bradbury, 

devoir." also of Hyde HaU. 



Sir Thomas, Knt.. of Hyde Hall=Dorothy Gates. 
and New Hall Joceljii, 
ob. 1562. 



Henry, of Torrell's nall=Anne Torrell. 
CO. Essex. I 



Sir Thomas=(2d -wife) Theodora Cooke, dau. of 
I Edmund, of Mount MaschaU, 
I CO. Kent. 



Henry, John, 

Chief Magistra'te of Maine. the traTeUer and author. 

Hexrt Josselyn, whose pedigree is traced above, arrived in 
New England in the ship " Pide-Cow," at Piscataqua, in 1634,* 
as chief agent for Capt. John Mason, the Patentee. He continued 
to act in that capacity until the deatli of Mason in 1635 ; under- 
taking the discovery of Erocoise [i. e. Champlain] Lake in the Laco- 

* See Mason's letter of 5 May, 1G34, to GibVans, endorsed, " received July lO--," two 
days after the arrival of the ship. 



1886.] Hem^ Jossehjn, Magistrate of Maine. 291 

nia Patent. He intended to settle himself at Xewicliewannock 
[Berwick, ^Nlaine], but because of his patron's death and the subse- 
quent confusion of his affairs, he removed to Black Point (Scar- 
borough) in 1635.* 

There was probablv some agreement between him and Sir Fer- 
dinando Gorges, the Patentee of that region, relating to ])rivate 
grants of land ; and such lands as he became possessed of this way 
added to Capt. Thomas Can^mock's Patent, — part of which was de- 
vised to him, and the remainder of which he became seized of l)y 
marrying the widow ^largaret Canunock in 1643, — made lilm the 
owner of a considerable portion of that township, and he thus be- 
came the most extensive proprietor who has ever lived in Scar- 
borough. 

Pie resided with Captain Cammock until the latter's death, and 
afterwards in the same house, near the " Ferry Pocks," wliieii is 
supposed to have stood over the old cellar near " Garrison 
Cove " on the neck, and which was at the time of the Indian 
troubles in 1675 converted into a garrison, to which many of the 
inhabitants resorted with their families. The situation of this gar- 
rison rendered it one of the strongest in the Province — and it might 
easily have been defended against any number of Indians. 

In 1635 Josselyn was a Commissioner under AVilliam Gorges; 
and again under the Patent of 1639 under Thomas Gorges. In 
1645 chosen vice-Deputy Governor under Pichard Vines as Deputy 
Governor ; at Vines's departure from the country, he became act- 
ing Deputy-Governor, and held the last General Court under the 
authority of Gorges, at Wells, July, 1646. 

He was heartily attached to Gorges and his cause, but he pre- 
ferred to obey Rigby rather than to disturb the promised peace of 
the Province by unavailing contention. He was appointed among 
the Judges of Lygonia, with Cleeves and Jordan. Strongly op- 
posed to the authority of ^Massachusetts, he held out for five years ; 
was arrested and obliged to give bond to aj)pear before the (iuneral 
Court, which he did, as did Jordan, in 1657 ; submitted to Ma.-c^a- 
chusetts July 3, 1658, and, with Henry Watts, was appointed a 
Commissioner for the Town ; was Associate and Town Conunir-sion- 
er in 1661 ; but in 1662 Josselyn and Shapleigh refused to take the 
oath of office as Associates for the Province, and in the contest 
which followed was backed up by his fellow-townsmen ; but being 
again elected Commissioner by his townsmen in 1664, was then ac- 
cepted by the ^Massachusetts authorities. 

Soon after young Gorges's application to the King, he appointed 
Josselyn one of twelve Magistrates under his authority. In 1664 
he was appointed a Poyal Justice by the four Commissioners sent 
over by the King, and there being eleven of them, the Commission- 

« Mason did not die till late ia 1C35. Ills will was made Nov, 26, 1635, and proved Dec. 
22. — Editoe. 



292 Henry Josselyn, JIar/istrate of Elaine. [July, 

ers directed that in case the Justices were equally divided Josselyn 
should have the casting vote ; thus constituting him the Chief Jus- 
tice of the Province. He was its first, and only Chief Magistrate 
ever appointed by Royal authority. With the establishment of the 
roval government in the Province, the jurisdiction of Gorges ceased 
and was never resumed. This royal government, with Josselyn at 
its head, continued till IGGS. 

Long and bitterly partisan accounts of the particulars of the usur- 
pation of authority by the Commissioners of Massachusetts and their 
deposition of the subject of this sketch in that year have been writ- 
ten. Suffice it here to say that this terminated his public services 
in this region. 

Living the retired life of a gentleman planter till August, 1G7(3, 
he was, with numbers of his neighbors, then surprised and besieged 
by the Lidians in his garrison-house. Accepting the invitation of 
Mogg Hegone, their chief, to a parley, he found on his return that 
all the garrison, except his own family, had rowed away in boats. 
Surrendering, he was treated with a kindness and consideration by 
the savages that evinced their appreciation of his undeviating justice 
and many kindh* acts shown them in the past, and was allowed to 
depart to the eastward. 

Exhausted at his age by the protracted civil contests ; disgusted 
with their results ; viewing the destruction by savage hands of the 
accumulated industries of a lifetime, and considering the impractica- 
bility of immediate resettlement, he cast in his lot with the more 
favored maritime settlement at Pemaquid, appearing there immedi- 
ately upon the establishment of the Duke of York's government in 
1G7 7 — in which it is inferable he was an active participant, as he 
appears continuously acting as a Justice, considering, doubtless, his 
old commission valid anywhere in his Majesty's domain. He was 
reinvested, or newly connnissioned, however, by the Governor of 
Xew York in 16.^0 ; and subsequently received other distinguishing 
marks of consideration and confidence. 

He was as distinguished for uprightness and probity amidst his 
new surroundings as of yore ; Ccelicm non animuni mutant qui 
trans mare currunt; and while perhaps not as conspicuous a figure 
thereafter as in the previous annals, his honorable reputation made 
new friends, and he seems never to have alienated old ones — while 
a letter of Governor Andros to Ensign Sharp in command at Pem- 
aquid, September, 1680, shows that official appreciation but con- 
firmed the estimation of his neighbors, and extended the fostering 
aid of judicious patronage to a tried and proven public servant, al- 
leviating his necessities as a merited mark of royal recognition ot 
the gentleman and scholar, the ^Magistrate and Governor, than whom 
we have never had one more worthy and seldom one so pure. He 
writes : 



1886.] Henry Jossely7i, Magistrate of Maine. 293 

As to Mr. Jocylne whom I would have you use with all fitting respect 
Considering what he hath been and his age. And if he Desire and shall 
build a house for himself to lett him choose any lott and pay him ten 
pounds towards it or if he shall Desire to hyre soe to live by himself then 
to Engage and pay the rent either of whicli shall be allowed you in yo' ac- 
count as alsoe sutlicieut provision for himself and wife as he shall desire out 
of the stores. 

In the scarcity of records that have survived the chances and 
changes of those troubled tunes, the nearest approximation to the 
time of his death is that it was shortly before May 10th, 1683, for 
Captain Brockholls, writing that day to Lawrence Dennis, speaks of 
him as deceased. 

"No storied urn nor animated bust," no epitaph even, marks his 
unknown resting place, but in the hearts and memories of his suc- 
cessors is he ever justly famed. 



XoTE. — I have to express my very great obligation to Lt. Col. .John 
Henry Josselyn, of Ipswich, P^nglaud— a practising lawyer and Town 
Councillor there — for the construction of the above used pedigree, from his 
own printed pedigree of this family, by which it appears that the suiiject 
of the above sketch and Col. Josselyn are " second and eighth " cousins ; 
also for many valuable citations from his MS. collections; from these I 
quote his opinion: " I have a note that Henry Josselyn, of the County of 
Kent, was admitted to Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, 1623. This migiit 
very well have been your Henry before he went to America, and his being 
described as of the Coimty of Kent is consistent with his being the son of .Sir 
Thomas, whose second wife (Henry's mother) came from that County. " 
*' For genealogy of the elder branch of our family, refer to title ' Karl of 
IJoden' in 'Burke's Peerage' of 1883 and subsequent years. The gene- 
alogy given in editions prior to 1883 is incorrect. Sir Bernard corrected 
the 1883 edition after a correspondence I had with him about it." •' Ihe 
proper arms of the family are those borne by the Earl of lioden and by 
ourselves, viz." [description as at the head of this article]. '"It would seem 
to be probable that Thomas Josselyn, fourth son of Ralph of iioxwt.-Il. co. 
Ilssex, whose will (dated 4 Aug. 1G2G, and proved 4 May, 1C32) is i'lenrical 
■with the Thomas Josselyn who embarked for America in ship • Increase.' 17th 
April. 1635. I base this theory on the coincidence that the family names 
Dorothy, Mary, Nathaniel and Elizabeth, are repeated in the issue ot" the 
last named Thomas. As regards the name 'Abraham,' given by said Tho- 
mas to his eldest son, it may have been the name of his ( Thomas's) father- 
in-law, for what more likely than that a woman bearing the Scriptural 
name ' Rebecca ' should have' had an ' Abraham ' for her father? Roxwell 
is adjoining parish to "Willingale Doe in which is Torrel's Hall. ^ But I 
cannot trace the origin of this branch of the Josselyn family, nor its con- 
nection, if any, with the Torrel's Hall branch. Search of registers might 
doit." Vide passim \lKGi?>TF.P., xiv. 1.5 ;" Tuckerman's Introduction to 
John .Josselyn's ' New P>ngland Rarities.' " 

This la^^t citation erroneou-ly statn-s that "Sir Thomas .bi-s<dyn 

did not come to this country " — a mistake previously made by Mr. South- 
gate in his " History of Scarborough " ; while Sir Ferdinaudo Gorges, by 
VOL. XL. 26* 



294 Nathaniel Eaton, First Principal of Harvard. [July, 

implication, states the contrary in this extract: "Whereas Sir Thomas 
Joiselyn Kut was named chief in the said Commission and Ordinances 
[dated Mch. 10: 1640] Now for that I am informed he is returned into 
England he is left out of the Commission and my Cousin Thomas Gorges 
put in his place and the same power given unto him as to the said Sir Tho- 
mas Josselyn." (From the files of the Maine Historical Society — 3IS. copy 
of State Papers, 40: e.)— W. 31. S. 



NATHANIEL EATOX, THE FIRST PRINCIPAL OF 
HARVARD. 

By the Rev. Edward D. Xeill, of St. Paul, Min. 

NATHANIEL EATON, the first Principal of the school which 
has expanded into Harvard University, disappointed the 
friends of learning and mortified his most estimable relatives by his 
irregular course, violent temper, and lack of integrity. He was 
born in 1609, and in 1638 came to ^Massachusetts. His father had 
been a clergyman in England, and his brother was the respected and 
the first Governor of New Haven Colony. 

A recent examination of the records of Northampton County, 
Virginia, has thrown some additional light upon Eaton's erratic 
career. 

Until the year 1635, when "William Cotton, wdiose mother resided 
at Bunbury, in Cheshire, England, was the minister, there had 
been no formal organization of a church vestry, on the eastern shore 
of Chespeake Bay. Cotton was a brother-in-law of William Stone, 
of Accomack, who subsequently was the first protestant Governor 
of the Province of ^Maryland, and on the 20th of August, 1640, he 
made his will, and soon died. 

His successor was John Rozier, who appears to have been an es- 
timable person. One of the colonists, in his will, calls him his 
"dear and respected friend," and John Holloway, a physician, be- 
queaths to him a folio Greek Testament. Rozier seems to have 
employed Nathaniel Eaton an assistant, and owing to a ditTerence 
between them, Nathaniel Littleton, Obedience Robins, John Neale 
and John Gookin, probably a brother or uncle of Daniel, whose 
dust is in the grave-yard of Cambridge, ISIass., were appointed arbi- 
ti-ators, and they, on March 23, 1642-3, decided that Rozier should 
pay six hu