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New England 

Historical and Genealogical 















Cbttor /, 


Committee on publication 








Note. — Roman numerals refer to the pages of the Supplement. 


Abbot (t},7oAn Howard The Courtright (Kort- 
right) family noticed 82 
William Fitzhale, notice Ixxxv 

Acton, Mass., vital records to 1850 noticed 242 

Addison, Mrs. Mary Elisabeth (Newcomb), 
notice Ixxviii 

Adventure, ship, 1773-1774, trade book of 
noticed 161 

Alden, Frank Wentworth The descendants of 
Daniel Alden, who was sixth in descent 
from John Alden, the Pilgrim noticed 324 

Alden genealogy, descendants of Daniel, by 
F. W. Alden noticed 324 

Allen, Gardner Weld Capt. Hector McNeill o^ 
the Continental Navy noticed 160 
Sir John Campbell, memoir xli 

American Irish Historical Society, journal, vol- 
21 noticed 242 

American Revolution, Continental Congress t 

letters of members, vol. 2, July 5, 1776 

to December 31, 1777, editeci by Edmund 

C. Burnett noticed 242 

Continental Navy, letters, see Capt. Hector 

McNeill of the Continental Navy 
memoranda written by Elisha Stevens of 

Glastonbury, Conn, noticed 241 
reminiscences, 1775-1783, by John Green- 
wood, edited by I. J. Greenwood noticed 

Andrews, Frank De Wette Genealogical 
records from old family Bibles, manu- 
scripts, and letters noticed 325 

Angellotti, Mrs. Frank M. The Polks of 
North Carolina and Tennessee 133 213 

Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia, Historical 
Association, Book of Remembrance, 
1921 noticed 161 

Atwood, Hartley Frederic, notice Ixxii 

Bacot, John Vacher, memoir noticed 82 
Baker, Edward Howard, memoir xxxix 
Banister, Thomas, notice 238 
Bamet, Vt. , history, by F. P. Wells noticed 242 
Baskervill, Patrick Hamilton The Skeltons of 

Paxton, Powhatan Co., Va., and their 

connections noticed 82 
Bates, John Lewis Hon. Winthrop Murray 

Crane, M.A., LL.D. 3 
Beede, Mrs. Abbie Susan Qefts), notice ci 
Bell, Dr. Alexander Graham, memoir xcvi 
Bethlehem, Conn., vital records, 1813-1814 

Bingham, George, answer to complaint of Ellis 

Haskett, 1627 117 
BOARDMAK and variants 
Boardman, Andrew, will 1665 306 

Dr. Waldo Elias, notice xcix 
BOADMAN, Giles, will 1604 305 

Boardman, cont'd 

BoRDMAN, Andrew, will 1617 306 

Boardman genealogy, descendants of Andrew 

Boone genealogy, descendants of George and 
Mary, by H. A. Spraker noticed 82 

Booth, Henry Slader Booth genealogy includ- 
ing allied families representing the 
American ancestry in the Booth Une of 
the compiler noticed 159 

Booth genealogy, by H. S. Booth noticed 159 

Bordman see Boardman 

Boston, Mass., deaths, 1799-1815 227 312 
history, 1822-1922, by J. Koren noticed 242 

Boston, ship, list of officers, crew, and journal, 
see Capt. Hector McNeill of the Conti- 
nental Navy 

Boxford (Mass.) Chronicle, vol. 1, nos. 1-6, 
1922 noticed 161 

Boyer, Daniel, note 294 

Bradford, Sarah Polk, note 253 

Bradley, Charles Henry, notice Ix 

Brainerd, Lawrence Castle ancestry of George 

Parmelee Castle of Honolulu, Hawaii 

noticed 159 

Tenney ancestry of George Parmelee 

Castle of Honolulu, Hawaii noticed 160 

President Warren Gamaliel Harding 243 

Brookline Historical Society, proceedings, 1923 
noticed 326 

Brooks, Shepherd, memoir Ixv 

Browne, Helliner, will 1617 306 

Brumbaugh, Mrs. Gains M. Lineage books of 
the National Society of Daughters of 
Founders and Patriots of America 
noticed 326 

Butterfield, Hon. A. Augustine, notice liv 

Carter, George Robert A record of the descend- 
ants of Dr. Gerrit P. Judd of Hawaii 

noticed 325 
Castle, George Parmelee, ancestry, by L. 

Brainerd noticed 159 
Chamberlain, George Walter The early New 

England Coolidges and some of their 

descendants 270 
Chapin, Howard Millar New England vessels 

in the expedition against Louisbourg, 

1745 59 95; noticed 325 
Child, Mrs. S. R. and A. J. Russell The 

ancestors and descendants of Abel 

Russell noticed 160 
Cincinnati, Society of the, see Society of the 

Civil war, see U. S. Civil war 
Clapp, John Cotton, memoir Iv 
Clements family of Dover, N. H., by J. Scales 

noticed 159 

Index of Subjects 

Coats of Arms, see Heraldry 

Cobb, Philip L. A history of the Cobb family, 

part 4, Boston family noticed 324 
Cobb genealogy, part 4, descendants of Thomas 

and Richard of Boston and Hingham, 

Mass.. by P. L. Cobb noticed 324 
Cocfcrell genealogy, by E. S. Stevenson noticed 

Coffin, Perciral Brooks and M. C. Johnson 

Charles F. CofSn, a Quaker pioneer 

noticed 324 
Coffin genealogy, by M. C. Johnson and P. B. 

CofSn noticed 324 
Congdon Chronicle, nos. 4 and 5, Oct., 1921 and 

Jan., 1922 noticed 159 
Connecticut, census of 1790, errors 80 

State Library, report, 1920 noticed 160 
Continental Army, see American Revolution 
Cook genealogy, descendants of Jesse, by C. C. 

Doe noticed 241 
Coolidge, Henry Dingley, notice Ixii 
Coolidge Tgenealogy, [family of New England 

Courtright genealogy, by J. H. Abbott noticed 

Crane, Hon. Winthrop Murray, memoir with 

portrait and autograph 3 
Crocker, Alvah, biography, by W. B. Wheel- 
wright noticed 241 
Henry Graham Nathaniel Crocker, 1758- 

1855, his descendants and ancestors 

noticed 324 
Crocker genealogy, descendants and ancestors 

of Nathaniel, by H. G. Crocker noticed 

Cnimsey, Mary, depositions for, 1697 113, 
interrogatories, answers of EUis Haskett, 

1699 114 
Cnmmin^s, Mrs. Margaret (Kimball), notice 

Cushman, David and Dorcas (Morris), record 

of family 157 

Day, Stephen, notice 310 

Detroit Historical Monthly, vol. 1, no. 1, 

March, 1923 noticed 326 
Devereux, Frances A., note 255 
Diaries, New England. 1602-1800. catalogue, 

by H. M. Forbes noticed 242 
Doe, Mrs. Carrie Cook The ancestry of Jesse 

Cook and his descendants noticed 241 
Donahue, David, note 103 
Donelson genealogical notice, descendantsjof 

John of London, Eng. 252 
Dow, George Francis and J. H. Edmonds The 

pirates of the New England coast, 1630- 

1730 noticed 325 
Durrell, Harold Clarke Report of the Com- 
mittee on Epitaphs xxii 
Dusset(t), Ehas. answer of, 1699 123 
summons, 1699 123 
Wilham, answers of, 1699 and 1702 123 

Eddy genealogy, descendants of John and 

Samuel, in preparation 240 
Edes, Grace Williamson Annals of Harvard, 

Class of 1852 noticed 160 
Henry Herbert, memoir with portrait and 

autograph 83; noticed 241 
Edmonds, John Henry and G. F. Dam The 

pirates of the New England coast, 1630- 

1730 noticed 325 

Elliott, Ward C. History of Reynoldsville and 
vicinity including Winslow Township 
noticed 242 

Emerson, P. H. Third booklet. Continued 
notes on the Emerson alias Emberson 
family of Counties Herts and Essex 
noticed 324 

Emerson genealogy, 3d booklet, by P. H. 

Emerson noticed 324 
England, genealogical research in 71 110 190 


Farwell genealogy, descendants of Henry, in 
preparation 240 

Fay, Charles Ernest Rev. Cyrus Hyde Fay's 
record of marriages, 1840-1901 145 175 
Rev. Cyrus Hyde, record of marriages, 1840- 
1901 145 175 

Fiske, Andrew Report of the Committee to 
assist the Historian xx 

FUckinger, Mrs. Ella Florence (Hoyt), notice 

Folsom Family Association, eleventh annual 
reunion, 1922 noticed 324 

Forbes, Harriette Merrifield New England 
diaries, 1602-1800, a descriptive cata- 
logue of diaries, orderly books, and sea 
journals noticed 242 
William Hathaway, note 162 

Foster, Francis Apihorp The institution of the 
Society of the Cincinnati together with 
standing resolutions, ordinances, rules 
and precedents of the General Society 
of the Cincinnati, 1783-1920 noticed 
Joseph The Soldiers' Memorial, Ports- 
mouth, N. H., 1893-1923, Tercentenary 
edition with indexed record of the graves 
we decorate noticed 326 

Fowler, Mrs. Sarah (Brown), notice xlviii 

French and Indian War, soldiers, 1754-1763 

Fulton genealogy, ancestry of the grandchildren 
of William Edwards Fulton, by C. E 
Leonard noticed 324 

Gage, Rev. Walker Miller Gage families; 
John Gage of Ipswich, Thomas Gage of 
Yarmouth, William Gage of Freetown, 
Robert Gage of Weston, William Gage 
of Canada, Gage family of The South 
Robert Gage of Ireland noticed 241 

Gage genealogy, by W. M. Gage noticed 241 

Gaulpin, Richard, depositions for, 1697 113 

Gavet genealogy, descendants of Philip of 
Salem, Mass. 34; noticed 159 

Gavit, Joseph Philip Gavet of Salem, Mass. 
and some of his descendants 34 
noticed 159 

Genealogical byways 89 

Genealogical records from Bibles, manuscripts, 
and letters, by F. D. Andrews noticed 

Gibbs Family Bulletin, no. 3, 1923 noticed 159 

Gloucester, Mass., vital records to 1850, 
marriages noticed 325 

Goodspeed, Charles Eliot Report of the Com- 
mittee on Sale of Publications xix 

Gordon, M. Lafayette, experiences in Civil 
War, from his narrative, letters, and 
diary, edited by D. Gordon noticed 241 

Gove, William Henry The Gove book, hjstory 
and genealogy' of the American family of 
Gove and notes of European Goves 
noticed 159 

Gove genealogy, by W. H. Gove noticed 159 

Index of Subjects 

Grant Family Association, reunion, proceedings, 

1922 noticed 82 
Greenlaw, Mrs. Lucy Hall. Address before 

N. E. Hist. Gen. Society, 1923 x 
William Prescott Report of the Librarian 


Report of the Special Committee on Rolls 
of Membership xziv 
Greenwood, John, Revolutionary services, 
1775-1783, edited by I. J. Greenwood 
noticed 160 

Grout genealogy, descendants of Capt. John, 
by E. E. B. Jones noticed 159 

Hamilton, Victor Hugo, notice xliii 
Harding, President Warren Gamaliel, memoir 

with portrait and autograph 243 
Hartford, Coim., First Church of Christ, year 

book, 1923 noticed 326 
Harvard University, Class of 1852, annals, by 
G. W. Edes noticed 160 
Class of 1898, 25th anniversary report, 1923 

noticed 325 
Class of 1903, 20th anniversary, 1923 

noticed 242 
Class of 1919, report of secretary, 1923 
noticed 242 

HASKETT and variants 
Haskett, EU^s see Ellis 

Ellis, administration of estate, requests for, 
by Ellis and Stephen Haskett, Mary 
Crumsey, Richard Gaulpin, and Dorothy 
Hedditch, 1697 112 
depositions concerning, 1697 113 
wiU 1698 111 
Ellis, answers to Mary Crumsey's interroga- 
tories, 1699 114 
complaint against Edward Lovell, 1637 

118 . 
complaint against George Bingham, 1627 

complaint against William Haskett, 1647 

complaint against William Haskett, 1662 

complaints against William Riall and 

Thomas Rolt, 1639 118 
complaints of, 1699 and 1702 122 
Stephen, ancestry, English 71 110 

wiU 1654 111 
William, answer to complaint of ElUs 

Haskett, 1647 120 
William, complaint against John HeUyar, 

1618 115 117 
William, complaint of, 1683 121 
Hasket, John, will 1615 76. 
Haskitt, Mrs. Elizabeth, deposition, 1698 

Haskett, baptisms, marriages, and burials 
from English parish registers 72 
genealogy, descendants of Ellis 126 

Hawkins, Philemon, notice 214 

Hedditch, Dorothy, complaint against Ellis and 

Stephen Haskett, Richard Gaulpin, 

Richard Sheene, Mary and Lewis 

Crumsey, 1697 121 

William, deposition concerning Ellis Haskett, 

fi--' 1698 114 

HELLYAR and variant 

Hellyar, John, answer to complaint of William 
Haskett and Ralph Hughson, 1618 116 

HiLLiER, John, will 1620 76 

Hendrick, Charles T. The Hendrick genealogy, 
Daniel Hendrick of_ Haverhill, Mass., and 
his descendants with an appendix con- 
taining brief accounts of several other 
Hendnck families noticed 241 

Hendrick genealogy, by C. T. Hendrick 
noticed 241 

Heniy, Dr. Reginald Buchanan, ancestry 

noticed 159 
Heraldry, coats of arms, recording of 158 240 
Hicks, Rev. Lewis Wilder Memoirs of the 

New England Historic Genealogical 

Society xxxix 
Report of the Historian xxxv 
HQdreth Family Association, 2d publication, by 

J. L. Porter noticed 324 
Hfllier see Hellyar 
HofEmeister see Huflfmaster 
Holbrook, Levi, notice xcv 
Hosmer, Jerome Carter, notice Ixxiv 
Hosselkus, Timothy L. P., note 62 
Howes, Mrs. Florence Reynolds (.Conont) 

Report of the Committee on Papers and 

Essays xxiii 
Report of the Special Committee on 

Endowment and Members xxiv 
HufEmaster James T. Huffmaster-Hoffmeister 

family records noticed 159 
HufEmaster-Hoffmeister genealogy, by J. T. 

Hufimaster noticed 159 
Hnghes, Philip, note 90 
Hnghson, Ralph, complaint against John 

HeUyar, 1618 115 117 
Hull, Griselda Houston, notice 252 
Hnnnewell, James Melville Report of the 

Committee on Finance xviii. 
Report of the Treasurer xxx 
Hnrd, William, will 1638 110 

Iowa, State Historical Society of. The Palimp- 
sest, vol. 3 noticed 161 

Jacobus, Donald Lines Early New England 

nomenclature 10 
Genealogical byways 89 
Jaquett genealogy, supplement, 1922, by E. J. 

Sellers noticed 159 
Jenks, Albert Alvin, notice ciii 
Jenney, Charles Francis The fortunate island 

of Monhegan, a historical monograph 

noticed 161 

Johnson, Alfred Henry Herbert Edes, A. M. 
Memoir of Henry Herbert Edes noticed 
Hon. Edward Francis, memoir ci 
Mary Coffin and P. B. Coffin Charles F. 

CofEn, a Quaker pioneer noticed 324 
Sir William, papers, by J. Sullivan, 3 vols. 
noticed 241 
Jones, Elizabeth E. Boice Capt. John Grout of 
Watertown and Sudbury, Mass., and 
some of his descendants noticed 159 
Rebecca Edwards, notice 251 
Jones genealogy, ancestry of Samuel Minot 

Jones, by C. S. Walker noticed 159 
Jordan, John Woolf, notice xHx 
Judd genealogy, descendants of Dr. G. P. 
Judd of Hawaii, by G. R. Carter 
noticed 325 

The Key of Libberty, by W. Manning noticed 

Kidder Fund, report for 1922 xxxiv 
Kimball, Herbert Wood, notice Ixxix 
Kimber genealogy, descendants of Thorn 
noticed 241 

Index of Subjects 

] ./•• 

Koren, John Boston, 1822-1922. The story of 
its government and principal activities 
during 100 years noticed 242 

Kortright see Courtright 

Lafayette, Marie Jean Paul, Marquis de, 

memoir, by W. A. Wilcox noticed 160 
Lawrence, Lambert Bigelow, notice jdix 
Leach, Mrs. Caroline Eastman Spear family 

records, 1644-1921 noticed 241 
Lebanon, Me., vital records to 1892, voL 2. 

marriages noticed 82; voL 3, deaths 

noticed 326 
Legge genealogy, ancestry of Nina Legge 

Wharton, by N. E. Wharton noticed 325 
Leonard, Clarence Eitienne The Fulton- 

Hayden-Warner ancestry in America 

noticed 324 
The Liberty Bell, vols. 6, 7, 8, and 9 noticed 326 
Lincoln, Waldo History of the Lincoln family 

an account of the descendants of Samue' 

Lincoln of Hingham, Mass.. 1637-1920 

noticed 241 
Lincoln genealogy, descendants of Samuel of 

Hingham, Mass., by W. Lincoln noticed 

Long, Mary Rebecca A., note 251 
Longevity, Toppan, Mary (Hughes) 90 
Lothrop, Thornton Kirkland Report of the 

Corresponding Secretary xxvii 
Report of the Council xvii 
Louisbourg, N. S., expedition against, 1745' 

New England vessels in, account 59 

95; noticed 325 
Lovell, Edward, answer to complaint of Ellis 

Haskett, 1632 118 
Lyman, Eunice A. A sketch of the record of 

the descendants of Daniel Lyman and 

Sally Clapp of Easthampton, Mass. 

noticed 325 
Julia, notice lix 
Lyman genealogy, descendants of Daniel 

Lyman and Sally Clapp, by E. A. 

Lyman noticed 325 

McNeill, Capt. Hector, sketch, by G. W 

Allen noticed 160 
Maine Historical Society, celebration of 100th 

anniversary, 1922 noticed 161 
Manning, William The Key of Libberty. 

shewing the causes why a free govern- 
ment has always failed, and a remedy 

against it, written in the year 1798 

noticed 162 
Massachusetts, Court, General, acts and 
resolves, 1922 noticed 161 
House of Representatives, journals, 1721- 

1722 noticed 82 
ship, 1745, illustration 61 
Meech, Susan Billings A supplement to the 

descendants of Peter Spicer noticed 325 
Merritt, Percival Bibliographical notes on an 

account of the conversion of the Rev. 

John Thayer noticed 242 
Middletown, Conn., marriages, 1857-1858 and 

1869-1873 177 189 
Miller, Mrs, Ida Louise {Farr) Address before 

N. E. Hist. Gen. Society, 1923 xiii 
Millspaugh, Edward Judson, notice xciv 
Milner-Gibson-Cullum, George Gery, memoir 1 
Mogg, William, answer to complaint of William 

Haskett and Ralph Hughson, 1618 116 

Monhegan Island, Me., historical monograph, 

by C. F. Jenney noticed 161 
Moore, Mary, note 250 
Moravians in North Carolina, records, edited 

by Adelaide L. Fries noticed 161 
Moiiarty, George Andrews, Jr. Genealogical 

research in England 71 110 190 305 
The Morteyns of Marston and Tillsworth 

noticed 159 
The Nansiglos family noticed 325 
Report of the Committee on English 

Research xx 
Morteyn genealogy, family of Marston and 

Tillsworth. Bedfordshire, Eng.. by G. A. 

Moriarty noticed 159 

Nansiglos family, by G. A. Moriarty noticed 

Nashua. N. H., marriages, 1853-1855 153 175 
National Society of Daughters of Founders and 

Patriots of America, lineage books, vols. 

8, 9, and 11, by G. M. Brumbaugh 

noticed 326 

Nebraska State Historical Society, history and 

record of pioneer days, 1921 noticed 161 
New England, diaries, 1602-1800, a descriptive 

catalogue of diaries, orderly books, and 

sea journals, by H. M. Forbes noticed 

nomenclature 10 
pirates, history, 1630-1730, by G. F. Dow 

and J. H. Edmonds noticed 325 
vessels in the expedition against Louisbourg, 

1745 59 95; noticed 325 
New England Historic Genealogical _ Society, 

Charter and enabling acts cvii 
Committee on Collection of Records, report 

for 1922 xxi 
Committee on English Research, report for 

1922 XX 
Committee on Epitaphs, report for 1922 

Committee on Finance, report for 1922 x%Tii 
Committee on Heraldry, report for 1922 xxi 
Committee on Increase of Membership, 

report for 1922 xix 
Committee on the Library, report for 1922 

Committee on Papers and Essays, report for 

1922 xxiii 
Committee on Publications, report for 1922 


Committee on Sale of Publications, report for 

1922 xix 
Committee on Ways and Means, report for 

1922 xix 
Committee to assist the Historian, report for 

1922 XX 
Corresponding Secretary, report for 1922 

Council, report for 1922 xvii 
Historian, report for 1922 xxxv 
Librarian, report for 1922 xxv 
membership, admission of women, 25th 

anniversary, 1923 X 
Memoirs, 1897, 1898, 1918, 1920, 1921, 1922 

Necrology for 1922 xxxv 
officers and committees for 1923 v 
proceedings, 1922 77; 1923 154 237 .321 ix 
Special Committee on Endowment and 

Members, report for 1922 xxiv 
Special Committee on Mural Memorials, 

report for 1922 xxiv 
Special Committee on RoUs of Membership, 

report for 1922 xxiv 
Treasurer, report for 1922 xxx 
New England Society in the City of New York, 

117th anniversary, proceedings noticed 


Index of Subjects 

New York, N. Y.. marriages. 1849-1853 151 
Newington, Conn., Congregational Church, 

celebration of 200th anniversary, 1922 

noticed 161 
Newport, R. I., Redwood Library, celebration 

of 175th anniversary, 1922 noticed 161 
Nomenclature of early New England 10 
North Carolina, Moravians in, records, edited 

by Adelaide L. Fries noticed 161 

Ohio Historical and Philosophical Society, 
quarterly publication, vols. 16-17, 1921- 
1922 noticed 162 

Old Lyme, Conn., epitaphs 194 

Olivier, Anthoine, note 290 

Pardee genealogy, descendants of George, in 

preparation 240 
Park(e) genealogy, descendants of Arthur of 

Pa., by F. S. Parks noticed 82 
genealogy, vol. 3, pt. 8, by F. S. Parks 

noticed 160 
genealogy, vol. 3, pts. 9 and 10, by F. S. 

Parks noticed 325 
Parks, Frank Sylvester Genealogy of Arthur 

Parke of Pa. and some of his descendants 

noticed 82 
Park family of Westchester Co., N. Y., and 

Simon Parke of Franklin, Pa., and 

descendants noticed 325 
Parke coats of arms. Parks Records, vol. 3, 

pt. 8 noticed 160 
Pannenter, James Parker Report of the Com- 
mittee on Publications xx 
Pattee, Mrs. Eleanor Tracy (Eustis), notice 

Peck, Amos, Jr., biography, by W. H. Russell 

noticed 241 
Pennsylvania Society of Colonial Governors 

vol. 2 noticed 326 
Pilgrims and Puritans, history, 3 vols., by J. D., 

Sawyer noticed 242 
Pirates of the New England coast, history, 

1630-1730, by G. F. Dow and J. H. 

Edmonds noticed 325 
Plympton, Mass., vital records to 1850 noticed 

Polk family of North Carolina and Tennessee 

133 213 250 
Porter, John Lyman Second publication of the 

HUdreth Family Association noticed 

Portsmouth, N. H., Soldiers' Memorial, 1893- 

1923, by J. Foster noticed 326 
Potter, James Brown, notice Ixvii 
Providence, R. I., marriages, 1859-1869 177 
Provincetown, Mass., Universalist Church, 

historical records, by 8. C. Smith 

noticed 161 
Puritans and Pilgrims, history, 3 vols., by J. D. 

Sawyer noticed 242 

Radcliffe, Elizabeth Wills Vernon Capt. 

Edward Richardson. A memorial. 

With genealogical records of some of his 

ancestors and descendants noticed 325 
Reynolds, John Fewell Genealogical sketches 

of Reynolds, Fewells, Walls, and kindred 

families noticed 325 
Reynolds genealogy, by J. F. Reynolds noticed 

meeting of family, 1922, report, by A. C. 

Rippier noticed 160 [ 

Reynoldsville, Pa., history, by W. C. Elliott 

noticed 242 
Rhode Island, slave trade, records in trade book 

of sloop, Adventure, 1773-1774 noticed 

Rial], William, answer to complaint of Ellis 

Haskett, 1639 119 
Rich, George Early Rich history and ancestry 

of Jonathan Rich, Jr. noticed 160 
Rich genealogy, by G. Rich noticed 160 
Richardson, William Streeter Report of the 

Committee on Ways and Means xix 
Richardson genealogy, by E. W. V. Radcliffe 

oticed 325 
Rippier, Mrs. Anna C. The Reynolds Family 

Association of America, 1892-1922. 

Thirty-first annual report noticed 160 
Rockefeller, William, notice xc 
William Goodsell, notice civ 
Rolt, Thomas, answer to complaint of Ellis 

Haskett, 1639 119 
Roxbury, Mass., marriages, 1841-1849 146 
Royal Society of Canada, proceedings and 

transactions, series 3, vol. 16 noticed 162 
Russell, Arthur J. and Mrs. S. R. Child The 

ancestors and descendants of Abel 

Russell noticed 160 
William H. Peck, a sketch noticed 241 
Russell genealogy, ancestors and descendants 

of Abel, by A. J. Russell and S. R. 

Child noticed 160 

Saint Nicholas Society of the City of New York, 
genealogical record, vol. 3, 1923 noticed 
Saltonstall, Richard Middlecott. memoir 

Sampson, Katharine, will 1627 76 
Satterthwaite, Dr. Thomas E. Biographical 
and historical sketches of the Sheafe. 
Wentworth, Fisher, Bache, Satter- 
thwaite, and Rutgers families of 
America noticed 241 
Savary, Hon. Alfred William, memoir xliv 
Sawyer, George Augustus, notice Ivii 
Joseph Dillaway History of the Pilgrims 
and Puritans, _ their ancestry and 
descendants basis of Americanization 
3 vols, noticed 242 

Scales, John The Clements famUy of Dover, 
N. H. noticed 159 

Schiflf, Jacob Henry, notice xlvii 

Scott, Henry Edwards Theodore Newton Vail 
LL.D., S.D. 163 

Seavier see Sevier 

Sellers, Edwin Jaquett Supplement to gen- 
ealogies noticed 159 

SEVIER and variant 

Sevier, Mariane, will 1607 75 

Seavier, William, will 1604 75 

Sheafe genealogy, by T. E. Satterthwaite 

noticed 241 
Shedd, Charles Levi Shedd genealogy, ancestry 

of Miriam Symonds Shedd noticed 160 
Shedd genealogy, ancestry of Miriam Symonds 

Shedd, by C. L. Shedd noticed 160 
SheffeUd, George, wiU 1672 191 
Sheffield genealogy, descendants of Thomas 

Shelby, Gen. Evan, notice 139 

Index of Subjects 

Sherman, Charles Pomeroy Shennan genealogy 
in the direct line from Thomas Shennan 
noticed 160 

Shennan genealogy, by C. P. Sherman noticed 

Sherman, N. Y., history and centennial cele- 
bration, 1923 noticed 326 

Shrewsbury, Mass., North Parish Church, 
records, 1744-1859 17 

Sinckler, Edward Goulbum, notice xcii 

Skelton genealogy, by P. H. Baskervill noticed 

Slavery in Rhode Island, trade book of sloop. 
Adventure, 1773-1774 noticed 161 

Smith, Simeon C. Leaves from an old church 
record book noticed 161 

Society for the Preservation of New England 
Antiquities, bulletins, Old-Time New 
England, vol. 12, July, 1921-April, 

1922 noticed 162 

Society of the Cincinnati, institution, with 
standing resolutions, ordinances, rules 
and precedents of the General Society 
of the Cincinnati, 1783-1920, by F. A. 
Foster noticed 326 

Society of Colonial Wars, General, report of 
Historian General, 1918 to 1921 noticed 

Society of the Daughters of the American 
Revolution, Samuel Ashley chapter, 
Claremont, N. H., officers and members, 
1922-1923 noticed 162 

Society of Daughters of Colonial Wars, Inc., 
Massachusetts, by-laws, rules and 
instructions of the Committee on 
Membership and calendar, 1922-1923 
noticed 162 

Society of Mayflower Descendants in the State 
of New York, 5th Record Book, 1922 
noticed 162 

Society of Sons of the Revolution, New York, 
in commemoration of the birth of George 
Washington, February, 1923 noticed 

Society of Sons of the Revolution, New York, 
reports and proceedings, 1921-1922 
noticed 326 

Society Sons of the American Revolution, 
Louisiana, yearbook and roster, 1922- 

1923 noticed 162 

Society Sons of the Revolution, California, 
roster and chronological list of first 
1000 members, 1923 noticed 162 

Spear genealogy, descendants of George, by 
C. E. Leach noticed 241 

Spicer genealogy, supplement, by S. B. Meech 
noticed 325 

Spraker, Hazel Atterbury The Boone familj*; 
a genealogical history of the descendants 
of George and Mary Boone who came 
to America in 1717 noticed 82 

Standish, Dr. Myles Report ofZthe Committee 
on Increase of Membership xix 

Stevens, Mrs. Alice Nichols (Cobum), notice 
Elisha, memoranda written by him in the 

War of the Revolution noticed 241 
Samuel Dale, notice Ixviii 

Stevenson, Elizabeth Stranahan The descend- 
ants of Lyttleton Cockrell, Jr., 1802- 
1877 noticed 159 

Stewart, George Sawin, notice Ixxxiv 

Stowell, Hon. William Henry Harrison, notice 
Ixxxvi _: . J 

Sullivan, James The papers of Sir William 

Johnson, 3 vols, noticed 241 
Sweet, Lucy Carpenter, notice Ixxvi 

Teall genealogy, descendants of Oliver, by 

D. P. Worden noticed 160 
Teimey genealogy, ancestry of George Parmelee 
Castle of Honolulu, Hawaii, by L. 
Brainerd noticed 160 
Thayer, Rev. John, conversion of, bibliographi- 
cal notes, by P. Merritt noticed 2AS. 
Thompson, Rev. Ebenezer, notice bd 
Thomdike, Augustus Larldn, notice bud 
Tillman genealogy, descendants of Maj. John 

Christopher, in preparation 240 
Toppan, Mary (Hughes), longevity 90 
Torrey, Mrs. Alice White (Shaw), notice c 

United States, Civil war, experiences of M. 

Lafayette Gordon, edited by D. Gordon 

noticed 241 
United States, Civil war, official records of the 

Union and Confederate navies, 3 vols., 

2d series noticed 161 
University of Illinois Studies in the Social 

Sciences, vol. 10, no. 1 noticed 162 

Van, Theodore Newton, memoir with autograph 

and portrait 163 
Valpey, Joseph, Jr., ioumal, 1813-1815 noticed 

Vineland Historical Magazine, vol. 7, 1922 

noticed 162 
Virginia planters, history, by T. J. Wertenbaker 

noticed 82 

Walker, Charles S. Samuel Minot Jones, the 
story of an Amherst boy noticed 159 
Mrs. Emily (Talbot), notice Ixiv 
Tandy, notice 219 
Rev. Dr. Williston, notice Ixx 

Ward, Mrs. Ann Jane (Felton) , notice lxxx\'iii 

Warden, William Francis, notice Ixxv 

Warren, Nathan, notice Ixxx 

Watkins, Walter Kendall Report of the Com- 
mittee on Collection of Records xxi 

Wells, Frederic Palmer History of Bamet, 
Vt.. from the outbreak of the French and 
Indian War to present time, with 
genealogical records of many families 
noticed 242 

Wentworth, Moses Jones, notice Ixxii 

Wertenbaker, Thomas J. The planters of 
Colonial Virginia noticed 82 

Weston, Robert Dickson Report of the (Com- 
mittee on Heraldry xxi 
Report of the Special Committee on 
Mural Memorials xxiv 

Wharton, Nathan Earl Ancestral chart pre- 
pared for Nina Legge Whartonnoticed 325 

Wheelwright, William Bond Life and times of 
Alvah Crocker noticed 241 

Wiggin, Hon. George Winslow, notice Ixxvii 

Wilcox, Dr. Dorvil Miller, notice Iviii 

William A. General Lafayette 7io/(«d 160 

Wing genealogy, in The Owl, vol. 23, nos. 1-4 
noticed 160 

Worden, Dora Pope Descendants of Oliver 
Teall and allied families noticed 160 

Wright, Richard, will 1605 306 




, A i^'V/A a. 




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JANUARY, 1923 

By John Lewis Bates 

WiNTHROP Murray Crane, former Governor of Massachusetts 
and United States Senator, passed away at his home in Dalton, 
Mass., 2 October 1920. He was elected a resident member of the 
New England Historic Genealogical Society 7 February 1906, and 
became a Pilgrim Tercentenary member in the spring of 1919. In 
the latter year and in 1920 he rendered notable service to the Society 
by consenting to be one of the nine men in whose names invitations 
to contribute to the Pilgrim Tercentenary Memorial Fund of the 
Society were issued. 

He was bom at Dalton 23 April 1853, the son of Zenas Marshall® 
Crane, who was born at Dalton 21 January 1815, and his second 
wife, Louise Fanny Laflin, who was bom at Lee, Mass., 21 June 
1830, the daughter of Winthrop and Fanny Laflin. 

The immigrant ancestor in New England of this Crane family was 
Henry^ Crane, who as early as 1654 was settled in that part of 
Dorchester, Mass., which was incorporated in 1662 as the town of 
Milton, and who died at Milton in 1709. From him Senator Crane 
was descended through Stephen^ of Milton, Benjamin^ of Braintree, 
Mass., Stephen* of Canton, Mass., Zenas^ of Canton and Dalton, 
Mass., who was born at Canton 9 May 1777, and Zenas Marshall® 
of Dalton, his father. 

He was educated in the public schools, at Wesleyan Academy, 
Wilbraham, Mass., and at Williston Seminary, Easthampton, Mass. 
In 1897 he received the honorary degree of Master of Arts from 
Williams College and in 1903 the honorary degree of Doctor of 
Laws from Harvard. 

Senator Crane married first, 6 February 1880, INIary Benner of 
Astoria, Long Island, who died 16 February 1884, daughter of Robert 
and Mary Benner; and secondly, 10 July 1906, Josephine Porter 
Boardman, daughter of William Jarvis and Florence Porter Board- 
man of Washington, D. C. He is surAdved by his second wife, by 
Winthrop ^lurray Crane, Jr., child of his first marriage, and by 
three minor children of his second marriage, Stephen, Brice, and 

VOL. Lxxvn. 1 

4 Winthrop Murray Crane [Jan. 

In 1799 Zenas^ Crane, grandfather of the Senator, then a young 
man of twenty^two years, travelled through the wilds of western 
Massachusetts, seeking a location to construct a paper mill. He 
satisfied himself that Daltonjumished such a location as he desired, 
and in 1801 he began the buUding there of the great industry now 
for over a century known as the Crane Paper Mills. He had learned 
the processes of paper manufacture in a miU operated by his brother 
in Newton, Mass., and he gained further experience in the miU of 
General Burbank in Worcester. The plant that he constructed at 
Dalton was the first in Massachusetts west of the Connecticut 
River. Dating from the start of this enterprise early in the nine- 
teenth centiuy, the Cranes have been perhaps the best known family 
in western Massachusetts. Its members have been characterized by 
business sagacity, kindly interest in the welfare of others, and a 
willingness to serve the pubHc welfare. 

Zenas Crane was for two terms in the Executive Council during 
the administration of Gov. Edward Everett, his son, Zenas Marshall 
Crane, served two terms in the same body during the administration 
of Governor Andrew, and Zenas Crane, the brother of Senator 
Crane, served a similar period in the same office in the administra- 
tion of Governor Robinson. Thus for three generations before the 
coming of Governor Crane to Beacon HiU his family had been 
represented in the Executive Council of the State. 

Although the Senator was sHght in buUd and appeared frail rather 
than rugged, he was always a leader in every circle that he entered. 
Apart from the remarkable success that he achieved in pubUc life, 
his successes as a business man and as a general of industry were 
sufficient to render his fame lasting and secure. 

In the business of manufacturing paper he began, as was the habit 
in the Crane family, at the very bottom of the industry, and worked 
his way up through every department until there was no detail 
of the manufacture with which he was not entirely familiar. At the 
age of twenty-six and not then a member of the firm, he went to 
Washington to obtain from the Government, if possible, the con- 
tract for the paper used for currency and bonds. After many months 
of patient, persistent effort, and in spite of intense rivahy and 
opposition, he convinced the authorities that it was for the best 
interests of the United States to place the contract with the Dalton 
miUs. That contract has been renewed^ annually for over forty 
years, and during that period all the bank notes and securities issued 
by the Government, including the biUions of Liberty Bonds during 
the late war, have been made from the paper manufactured in the 
so-called Crane Government Mill at Dalton. Others have sought to 
obtain this contract, but the perfection of the product of the Crane 
mill and the fidelity with which the contract has been executed 
have prevented the Government from making any change. No 
nation has been better served in this respect than has the United 
States. The Senator took justifiable pride in the way in which this 
contract had been carried out and in the product that he was able 
to turn over to the United States Treasury. He was satisfied with 
xiothing less than absolute perfection in the paper, combined with 

1923] Wintkrop Murray Crane 5 

I unique qualities that could not be reproduced by the CQunterfeiter; 

I and from the beginning he recognized the necessity for the protec- 

f tion of that product so as to make it impossible for any piece of it 

I to be removed from the mill except under proper guard. Each sheet 

I was numbered and had to be accounted for. The mill has always 

l' been under armed guard night and day. Dalton citizens like to tell 

I how one night a fire broke out in that milll and the Senator, quickly 

r summoned, inquired first as to whether or not all the men were out 

t of the building; and, upon being assured that they were, directed 

that the doors be locked and the contents left to burn. He would 
\^ take no chances of attempting to remove the valuable product, for 

fear that in the effort to save there might be furnished the oppor- 
tunity, in the confusion and darkness, for some of it to fall into 
the possession of those who would use it for private gain. So admin- 
istrations may come and administrations may go at Washington, 
but all have left with the Crane mills the contract for the Govern- 
ment paper. 
As Governor of Massachusetts he found in the State treasury 
•^ fifty thousand shares of Fitchburg Railroad common stock that had 

j' not for thirteen years been carried on the books, because it was 

r regarded as of no value. As a result of his negotiations with the 

;, Boston & Maine Railroad the State received five million dollars 

i for this stock. A large area of land in Boston belonging to the State 

I was sold to the New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad at a 

i, price so favorable to the Commonwealth as to surprise not only 

': the public but the railroad officials themselves. He found the 

executive commissions and biireaus carrying on the State govern- 
<- ment increasing beyond reason, and, through their consolidation, he 

secured both greater economy and efficiency. In his first inaugural 
address he sounded a keynote that, met with great popular approval. 
"Massachusetts has reached," said he, "a limit of indebtedness 
beyond which she should not go." 

Further illustrating his business acmnen, it wUl be recalled that 
when the Arnold Print Works, emploj'ing thousands of people in 
North Adams, was in financial straits, it was to him that the people 
looked, to take charge and save the industry, and he devoted himself 
to the problem with marked success. He refused compensation for 
this service, preferring that it should be a service rendered for the 
pubUc welfare without personal gain. 

For many years, and until his death, he was an active director of 
the American Bell Telephone Company. ^Much of its remarkable 
progress and achievement was due to lus wise council and constant 

New England will not soon forget how the New York, New Haven 
& Hartford Railroad, after its financial flights, suddenly collapsed 
and threatened to paralyze all New England industries. It had 
lost the confidence of capital, of labor, and of the public. A new 
board of directors was demanded, and Senator Crane, as one in 
whose judgment and integrity aU classes and all interests believed, 
, was m-ged to accept a place on the board. This he did with reluc- 
tance, yet, having accepted, he devoted himself to these large and 

6 Winthrop Murray Crane [Jan. 

intricate problems until the crisis' was over and the affairs of the 
company were on the mend. 

These are only a few of the instances that might be mentioned as 
showing the service that he rendered as a business man of unusual 
genius; but it was in his public service in official and political positions 
that his greatest fame was acquired. 

In 1892 he was elected a member of the RepubHcan National 
Committee, and, with the exception of the years when he was 
Governor of Massachusetts, he continued a member until he resigned 
a few months before his death. At all times he was one of the fore- 
most in influence on the committee and for long periods its \mques- 
tioned leader. 

He was Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts in 1897, 1898, and 
1899, and was Governor in 1900, 1901, and 1902, and his adminis- 
tration stands as one of the best business administrations in the 
history of the State. 

In 1904 Senator George Frisbie Hoar died, and the then Governor 
appointed Mr. Crane to fill the vacancy until the assembling of the 
Legislature; and, when the Legislattue met, it elected him to fill 
the imexpired term and in 1907 reelected him for the full term of 
six years. Several months before his term expired he announced he 
would not be a candidate for reelection. That he easily could have 
been reelected there is no doubt. His retirement was a disappoint- 
ment to the people of the Commonwealth, but was necessitated by 
the condition of his health, which was beginning to feel the effect 
of the strenuous life which he had imposed upon himself. 

His service at Washington was distinctly unique. He never made 
a speech on the floor of the Senate in opposition to or in favor of 
any measure. No legislation was introduced that bore his name. 
However, it was recognized that for much of the time he was in the 
Senate he had more to do with determining legislation than any 
other man. When he saw that a thing ought to be done, he made it 
his business to see that it was done. When he saw that a thing ought 
not to be done, he made it his business to prevent it. He had great 
tact for bringing men together and harmonizing their views. Oft- 
times he succeeded in unifying the part}'. For nine years he was 
a silent but powerful force ha\dng much to do vnth. making the history 
of the United States. 

When one went with him for the first time to lunch in the Senate 
restaurant at the Capitol, he would come away amazed at the 
almost constant interruption by this congressman or that senator 
or an official who came to get his views or decision in regard to some 
pubhc matter or some pending bill. There were no partj' lines at 
Senator Crane's table, but Democrats as weU as Republicans were 
anxious for "just a moment's talk" with him. 

While in Washington his work never seemed to be done, and 
when the hour of midnight approached it was an enjoyable and 
valuable experience to go with this seemingly tireless man over to 
the White House and witness the glad expression on the face of 
President Taft, as he would put his arm about him and pull him 

1923] Winihrop Murray Crane 7 

away to a quiet corner for a little chat on the events of the day and 
the plans of the morrow for the welfare of the Nation. 

"The business manager of the United States" he was sometimes 
called during President Taft's administration, and there was much 
reason for this title. 

A lawyer in the Berkshires used to complain, in a friendly way, 
that he had chents who came to him for advice and after they had 
received it would tell him that they were not going to act on it until 
they had consulted "Uncle Murray," which was the familiar way 
in which they designated Senator Crane in his home territory. He 
was the adviser of all Berkshire. 

President Taft leaned much upon him, and President Roosevelt 
held his opinion of the greatest moment. In 1902, when the coimtry 
was threatened with disaster as a result of the strike of the anthracite- 
coal miners, President Roosevelt sent for the then Governor Crane, 
to come to Washington for a conference. The Governor's successful 
handling of the teamsters' strike in the city of Boston had attracted 
attention and won the favorable comment of the whole coimtry. He 
presented to President Roosevelt strongly the necessity for inter- 
vention by the Government between the mine operators and their 
men in the coal strike, the President was much impressed with his 
views, and as a result there was appointed the now famous Anthra- 
cite Strike Conmaission, which finally adjusted the difficulties that 
had been a matter of momentous concern to the entire coimtry. 

President Roosevelt had occasion many other times to seek 
Senator Crane's advice, and, although in later years he and Mr. 
Crane were not in accord in some matters, it has been said that the 
President was very careful not to include Senator Crane in his 
"violent denunciations of the Reactionaries of the RepubUcan 

President Roosevelt twice offered him the Treasury portfolio in 
his Cabinet, and was disappointed that he could not induce him to 
accept it. 

For twenty-four hours preceding the nomination of Mr. Hughes 
at Chicago in 1916 it was apparent that no progress was being 
made within the convention walls, but, had you been on the line of 
co mm unication between the platform of the convention and the 
rooms occupied by Senator Crane, you would have been aware of 
the fact that the leaders of that convention were constantly going 
back and forth for consultation with Senator Crane in regard to the 
varying aspects of the problems. He spent but few minutes in the 
convention, and, when the nomination was finally made and the 
tumult was at its height, with the bands playing and the cheers 
and huzzas rising in one tremendous chorus, the quiet, modest man 
from Dalton, who had had more to do with the result than any 
other, had thrown himself on a couch in his room, exhausted by 
the days and nights of ceaseless work and entirely unmindful of the 
ovation he might have received had he but showed himself in the 
convention. His sole thought seemed to be that the result accom- 
plished was the one which, under all the circumstances, promised 
best for the party and the coimtry. He was satisfied, and he asked 

8 Winthrop Murray Crane [Jan. 

neither cheers nor credit. Cotemporary historians have attributed 
to him an equal influence in determining the results of the conven- 
tions of 1912 and of 1920. 

In their estimates of Senator Crane all men agree that he had an 
almost unerring judgment. As quick as the facts were stated his 
decision was ready. He never seemed to be in need of advice. In 
his courteous way he may have asked men if they did not agree, 
but it never occurred to him to ask them as to what they would do 
in his place. He neither wavered in his decisions nor doubted his 
own judgment. 

He did not care for public office except as a place for service. He 
was not a campaigner, and never made a speech at either a social or 
pohtical gathering if he could avoid it. In one of the years when he 
was nominated for reelection as Governor he gave express instruc- 
tions to the committees to hold no rallies. This programme was 
very much to the discomfiture of the distinguished Democrat who 
was r unnin g in opposition, for he soon found that it was impossible 
to arouse any pubUc interest where no one considered it worth while 
to reply. Mr. Crane had rightly sized the situation, and his plan of 
"no campaign" was entirely successful. 

No one ever went to his home as a guest without coming away 
charmed by the beauty and harmony of the family circle, the sim- 
plicity and sincerity of their hospitality, and the atmosphere of 
kindly feeling. Yet no one could spend an evening at that home 
without being made aware by the persistent demands of that busy 
messenger — the telephone — that the Senator was indeed in touch 
with Boston, New York, and Washington, and that the calls on him 
for advice on mattei-s relating to political, governmental, and busi- 
ness affairs were constant from every section of the country. This 
was a condition which existed not only when he was an official but 
after his retirement from office, for, as a private citizen, he continued 
to exercise that same wide influence that had characterized his 
public life. 

He was, perhaps, the most loved man that western Massachusetts 
has ever produced. Long before his great business sagacity and his 
wise counsel were known to the nation at large, he had bound to 
him the hearts of men in his own community. His neighbors had 
discovered in him an accessible friend. He was unselfish in all his 
plans, and seemed more interested to advance the other fellow than 
himself. He was always considerate and seeking ways to be helpful. 
Although spending the larger part of his life in serious problems, 
there was always about him an air of good cheer. There was no 
solemnity in his face. His good humor was a marked characteristic, 
and his mind seemed to find relief from its responsibilities in a spirit 
of playful jest. He was the most social of men. His generosity was 
not for public view, but it could not always be hidden. The citizens 
of Berkshire like to relate stories regarding his kindly disposition. 
They will tell you that there were never any labor difficiilties at the 
Crane mills, but always an attitude of friendly interest between 
the employer and the employee; that, if an employee had been 
injured, the Senator was likely to be the first to proffer assistance; 

1923] Winthrop Murray Crane . 9 

that, if an aged employee was retired from the service, he did not 
retire without the arm of helpfulness being stretched out to him 
beyond the days of his employment; that, if news came that a boy 
had been killed across the sea in the Great War, the Senator was 
among the first at the grieved home; that, when a contagious disease 
had claimed its .victim and even the undertaker hesitated about 
going to the stricken home, the Senator was there taking charge, 
unmindful of the peril he was incurring; that, if a boy wanted a 
college education and needed help, he knew that he would find that 
help at the Crane home;, that, if a man was in financial difficulty and 
needed assistance to tide him over, the Senator was his hope and the 
hope did not fail him. 

His gifts to the town of Dalton and his large donations to public 
charities were many and illustrate still further the warm-hearted and 
generous nature that was never dormant. 

It is evident that no man could accomplish what Senator Crane 
did without courage, sentiment, and ideals. His last fight, one that 
undoubtedly shortened his days, was a fight for a moral ideal. It was 
his fight for the League of Nations. He believed that the business 
and economic relations of the world were bound up in this problem, 
but it was the needs of mankind that more particularly summoned 
him to the contest. He believed that partisan politics had had too 
much to do with the treatment of this great question, that partisan- 
ship had prevented its fair presentation to the American public. He 
conceived it to be a duty that America owed to the world to take the 
foremost place that was awaiting her in the League and to cooperate 
in the restoration of world peace. And he further believed that with- 
out such cooperation America, Europe, and the world were bovmd 
to suffer disaster. He was anxious for Massachusetts to throw all 
her weight in favor of the League. 

In the Republican State Convention in September 1919 he insisted 
on a declaration in the platform in favor of the League. It was his 
midnight ultimatum, the night before the convention, that finally 
resulted in the platform being drawn with the endorsement that he 

He went to the Chicago National Convention in Jime 1920 to 
make the same fight, but the opposition was too great. His influence 
was apparent in aU the other work of the convention, but he returned 
to his home weakened both by his efforts and by his disappointment 
at the attitude of his party on what he conceived to be the greatest 
moral question of the age. He did not recover his full strength and 
vigor thereafter, and his physicians and friends had no doubt but 
that the intensity of the fight he had made had shortened his life. 
And so he died as. he had Uved — loved by a host of friends, serving 
his fellow men, responding to the call of humanity. 

10 Early New England Nomenclature [Jan. 

By Donald Lines Jacobus, M.A., of Mount Carmel, Conn. 

It has often been remarked that the early settlers in New England, 
particularly those who came in the great wave of immigration 
between the years 1620 and 1650, were more nearly honaogeneons 
than were the founders of the southern colonies. Certain it is, that 
such contrasts as existed in the former case were less violent than 
that, for example, between the aristocrats and the deported criminals 
of Virginia. Yet, outside of savage tribes, it may be doubted if an 
entirely homogeneous people has ever existed; and the Puritans, 
though mainly sprung from the English yeomanry, had their castes. 
DiflBcult as it frequently is to draw the line of demarcation in specific 
instances, in a general way the first generations of New Englanders 
may be divided into two classes. The first class, constituting a 
majority of the population, was. composed of those who were in 
sympathy, at least, with Puritan ideals. The second class, a sub- 
stantial minority, drew from various elements : the adventiu-ers who 
hoped to better themselves materially in the New World, the servants 
who accompanied well-to-do Puritans, the ne'er-do-wells who felt 
safer outside of England. 

^ The trend of history is often reflected in the very names borne 
by the men and women who played a part in it. The Assjoiologist, 
for example, merely on the strength of the names borne by certain 
kings, whether Semitic or not, can reconstruct the probable course 
of history fom* or five milleniums ago. It is interesting to see how 
far the succession of historical movements, the changes in manners 
and standards, during the first two centuries of New England life, 
affected the nomenclature of the inhabitants. 

The first settlers bore names of three different types, those of 
English origin, those of Hebrew origin, and those which were intended 
to have a moral significance. The old EngUsh names, on account 
of their connection with the Church of England, were not in favor 
with the Puritans; those who bore them were, as a rule, either not 
Puritans at aU or else had been christened before their parents 
turned Nonconformists. For a hundred years this class of names 
was not common, since even non-Piuitan families were influenced 
by the prevailing mode. In some instances — though these are 
comparatively rare — filial piety caused the retention throughout 
this period of an old family name, such as Roger or Edward; and 
there was one family which, uninterruptedlj'- for generations, endowed 
its daughters with the sturdy Saxon name of iEtheldred. And despite 
the prejudice against English names, it is curious to note that this 
prejudice apparently did not apply to surnames; from the first it 
was a common practice to give a boy his mother's surname. 

The most numerous of the three types of names emploj'ed by the 
Puritans was the BibHcal group. Here, with the exception of thoroughly 
Anglicized names, such as John, James, or Thomas, the Old Testament 
patriarchs and prophets were the favorites. The established church 

1923] Early New England Nomenclature 11 

in England had made common use of New Testament names, and 
the Puritans wished their children to be distinguished from Con- 
formists even by their personal names. The name Peter, because 
of that apostle's traditional connection with the Papacy, was not 
common; but it is not so easy to explain the aversion to Paul. This 
name was as rare as Seraiah, Shebaniah, Bezaleel, or any of the 
least known Biblical characters. There was a natural dislike of 
Cain, Delilah, Jezebel, Herod, and the rest of the Scriptural rascals 
and vampires. Judas is rare, though Jude and Judah occur; we also 
find Judith, the feminine of this name, indicating an acquaintance 
with the Apocrypha. Adam and Eve, the parents of all our woe, 
do not appear to have been popular. Other names, Hke Christopher 
and Christian, Angel and Angelina, Michael and Gabriel, though 
sanctioned by the Anglican Church, were perhaps held too sacred 
for mortals to bear; they are among the most uncommon names to 
be fotmd in Puritan famUies. But the names we meet for generations 
in every town and hamlet of New England are those of the patriarchs 
from Abraham to Joseph and his brethren, those of the famous 
leaders and kings of the IsraeUtes, such as Moses, Joshua, Gideon, 
Samuel, and David, and those of the Major Prophets. 

However rare they may be, it is possible to find namesakes of 
practically every person mentioned between the covers of the Bible. 
The chief reason for this is probably the old custom of opening the 
Bible with the eyes shut and giving the child the name which happened 
to be nearest to the pointing finger. This custom may explain the 
occasional use of place names, like Eden and Sinai, instead of personal 
names.* It may also explain the fact that in 1721 one Samuel Pond 
inflicted on his helpless son the name of Mene Mene Tekel Upharsin. 
It is not easy to think of any other rational explanation imless 
Mr. Pond, having in mind the interpretation of the handwriting 
on the waU, intended to commemorate the final downfall of the 
Stuarts, which seven years before had been assured by the succession 
of the House of Hanover. The confusion of the Biblical Mehitabel 
with the Latin Mabel — the names were used interchangeably — 
often perplexes the amateur genealogist, and the origin of the con- 
fusion is not apparent. 

Of course the most interesting, perhaps the most characteristic, 
names were those signifying moral attributes, intended to incite 
the bearers of them to lead godly lives. Names of this type in New 
England were much more common for girls than for boys, and were 
seldom so grotesque as some of the monstrous combinations employed 
by the Puritans in England. Among the popular names for girls 
were Content, Lowly, Mindwell, Obedience, Patience, Silence, 
Submit, and Temperance. What a commentary on the qualities 
deemed desirable in women! Charity, Mercy, and Prudence, in 
use before Bunyan wrote, received an increase in popularity from 
•their appearance in his allegories; the name Beulah originated with 
Bunyan. Comfort, Delight, Faith, Hope, Thankful, Desne! With 
names like these, how charming — at least in their girlhood — 
these Puritan damsels must have been. Marriage at an early age, 

♦The name Notwithstanding GrUwold may be similarly explained. 

12 Early New England Nomenclature [Jan. 

the bearing of eight or more children, and the loss, irreparable to 
■ them, of their teeth, aged them rapidly. If they could only have 
provided themselves with false teeth and grandmotherly spectacles, 
how few old hags there would have been to suspect of witchcraft. 
Among the names given to boys we may note Consider ("let us 
consider together, saith the Lord"), Ransom ("a ransom for many"), 
Remember (" Remember now thy Creator in the days of thy youth"), 
and Saving (referring, not to thrift, but to the grace of God). Virtue 
and Zealous occur, but are infrequent. It is remarkable how quickly 
the names of this group were standardized, one portion being assigned 
to boys, the other to girls. The reasons determining this assignment 
remain obscure ia many instances. Why should Deliverance, Relief, 
and Recompence customarily be assigned to boys, and Experience, 
Reliance, and Repentance to girls? It is odd that Wait and Waitstill 
should be masculine, Hope and Hopestill usually feminine, that 
Lovewell should be a man's name and Freelove a woman's. Elder 
William Brewster of the Mayflower named a son Love, but elsewhere 
this name is usually feminine; and a single case. has been found where 
Mercy, a popular name for girls, was applied to a boy. The sex of 
the rarer names was differently standardized in different localities, 
and even in the case of the common names imiformity was not 

Some names of this group apparently were improvised to com- 
memorate some special occasion. Preserved is an example of this 
class. During the War of the Revolution many boys were christened 
Freedom, Liberty, or Independence. The name Doctor was some- 
times bestowed on a seventh son in allusion to the superstition that 
seventh sons possessed an intuitive knowledge of the use of herbs. 
Mariner was occasionally bestowed on the son of a seafaring family, 
and thfere is at least one instance of SaHtrue, not a bad name for a 
sailor. The relation between parent and child determined such 
names as Lent, Gift, and Welcome. The names Lament and Trial, 
sad to say, were considered appropriate for girls born out of wedlock; 
incidentally, boys born out of wedlock were usually given the name 
of the reputed father. Posthxmaous girls occasionally were christened 
Orphana; similarly, the Biblical names Benoni and Benjamin (in 
remembrance of the death of Rachel) were frequently given to boys 
whose mothers died in childbirth, while Ichabod was popular for 
posthumous boys. There were also names peculiar to certain local- 
ities. In ancient Woodbury, Conn., for instance, three feminine 
names, though rare elsewhere, were very common: Emblem, Con- 
currence (usually abbreviated to Currence), and OUve (a variant 
of the stately Olivia). Other names were peculiar to certain families: 
the wife of one of the foimders of Hartford rejoiced in the Italian 
name of Violet, which for generations was bequeathed to her de- 
scendants; and this name was otherwise so exceedingly rare that, 
whenever it occurs, the genealogist at once surmises and seeks to 
establish a connection with this particular family. 

Among the more unusual names we must not fail to mention 
Be-Fruitful Brockett, who died in infancy, and Maybe Barnes. 
The origin of the latter name has not been ascertained; possibly 

1923] Early New England Nomenclature 13 

it was intended for the surname Mabie. Matthew and Rhoda 
Blakeslee called their fifteenth child Careful. At times these Puritan 
parents exhibited a woeful lack of hiunor or else humor of a tasteless 
variety. We cannot suppose that the parents of Preserved Fish, 
Green Plumb, or Jvory Keyes (boys), or those of Active Foote, 
Rhoda Bull, Rhoda Way, or Silence Noyes (girls) intended a doiible 
entendre. On the other hand, the father of Happy Sadd must have 
selected his son's name with dehberate mahce, as surely as Jonathan 
Rose intentionally alluded to the Song of Solomon when he named 
his son Sharon. Some of the early Puritans undoubtedly cherished 
the same delight in the bizarre which at a later date (about 1800) 
caused Dr. Osee Button to name his eleventh child Sebastian Maria 
Ximenes Petruchio and his twelfth child Thomas Albert Buonaparte 

It has been said that the Puritans were deficient in himior. The 
Puritan of the old English story who named his dog Moreover after 
the dog in the Scriptures ("And moreover the dog came and Ucked 
his sores") displayed an almost incredible hteralness; the story may 
be apocryphal. But it is true that wit, like gaiety, was not encouraged. 
The youth who, after rescuing his cow from a bog, told her to go 
her way and sin no more, was fined for his blasphemous misuse of 
Holy Writ. Yet it must not be supposed that the Puritans were 
entirely without a spark of fun. The trouble is that we do not see 
them in their playful moments. It is only when some prank is 
carried too far and the practical joker summoned into court, that 
the documents record anything of this nature. The story of Foote's 
negro is a case in point. Nathaniel Foote of Branford, Conn., one 
Sabbath morning, bribed his negro to seat himself in the pew of Mr. 
Maltby, a wealthy merchant. 

It is not difficult to picture the scene. The meeting house is 
already well filled. Mr. Maltby, waiting for the service to begin, 
sits in his pew, which because of his social position is close to the 
pulpit. A tall, full-blooded African stalks solemnly up the central 
aisle, where members of his race are not permitted. All ej'es are 
focused on him as he imsmilingly progresses towards the front of 
the house. The hushed expectancy is broken by scarcely audible 
murmurs of horror as he calmly seats himself beside Mr. Maltby. 
Boys titter in the gallery. Everyone in the house realizes the 
humor of the situation. Only the force of habit restrains the con- 
gregation from the wildest disorder. Then Mr. Maltby angrily rises 
and orders the negro out of his pew. The burly fellow hesitates, 
gets to his feet, and, unruffled amidst the commotion he has occa- 
sioned, retreats down the aisle to his customary place. And the 
sequel? Inquiries, of course, are made after the service, and the 
negro, because of his ignorance, is absolved of blame. The real 
culprit, Nathaniel Foote, is siunmoned to appear before the magis- 
trates, and is fined for an action which, in the words of the record, 
was contrary to rehgion and a profanation of the Sabbath. We 
sincerely hope that he did not regret his httle joke, but considered 
it well worth the amount of his fine. ^ ^ 

As bearing on this question of the Puritans' sense of humor, it is 

14 Early New England Nomenclature [Jan. 

instructive to examine their gravestones. The demoniacal angels 
that often grimace on the borders — so reminiscent of the worst 
Etriiscan atrocities — are not alone in offending our taste. The 
majority of the epitaphs express that austere seriousness which was 
later to degenerate into mere morbidity; they are of the "prepare 
for death and follow me" variety. But occasionally there is a quaint 
frankness, a curious twist of thought, that soimds more strangely 
yet in our modem ears. The epitaph of Dr. Isaac Bartholomew, 
who died in 1750, to-day barely decipherable, is traditionally ascribed 
to his wife. It reads: 

"He that was sweet to mi repose 

Hath now become a stink unto mi nose. 

This is said of me: 

So it shall be said of thee." 
Evidently the wife addresses her deceased husband in the first two 
lines, and he repUes in the last two. Or read the cryptic epitaph of 
Cyrus Hotchkiss: 

"Cyrus the' pleasant in his day 

Was sudden seas'd and sent away." 

Or that of MiUy Gaylord, a five-year-old child: 
"Soon ripe; soon rotten. 
Soon dead, but not forgotten." 

The epitaph of a young bride reads: 

"The saddest sight in all creation: 
A wedding turn'd to lamentation, 
A moiuning groom in desperation." 

The sense of humor has been defined as an appreciation of what is, 
and what is not, congruous. Can anything be more incongruous 
than these lines, used as an epitaph for a Connecticut youth who 
died on Long Island about 1781 : 

"Thoughtless he wandered from his native shore 
And laid his ashes in a hostile land." 
After making full allowance for the fact that Long Island while 
occupied by British troops could, albeit temporarily and in a restricted 
sense, be considered hostile land, there still remains something ludi- 
crous in the application of these lines. No, the early New Englanders 
were for the most part a sober-minded, all too literal people ; it was 
after all but rarely that the innate capacity for Homeric laughter 
burst (as in the case of Nathaniel Foote) the prohibitive bars of 

From about the middle of the eighteenth century onward a gradual 
ehange is apparent in the ideas and manner of life of the inhabitants 
of New England. Contact with the British and French during the 
Indian wars broke the crust of their provinciaUsm, and the long 
War of the Revolution, which placed them shoulder to shoulder 
with the other colonists — the Dutch of New York, the gentlemen 
of Virginia — could not but broaden their mental horizon. The 
colleges, which at first had been mere classical schools for the training 
of clergymen, became more humane; their Ubrary shelves held more 
books of a secular and hberal tendency; college societies began to 

1923] Early New England Nomenclature 15 

I enact English comedies. As the merchant class grew more affluent, 

I the yomiger generation studied law and medicine. Culture, was 

I imposed on wealth. It was natural that, as the opportunities for 

I sensuous luxury and for intellectual enjoj^nent increased, there 

] should be a rebellion against the narrowness of Puritan dogma and 

I the aridity of Piuitan life. Many were infected with deism, a phi- 

I losophy to which the poetry of Pope — not to mention the Calvinistic 

I fatalism of Jonathan Edwards — afforded an easy transition; many 

I more "embraced the Church of England, which, in addition to its 

I reUgious and aesthetic appeal, tolerated the more innocent pastimes. 

I What was true of the upper stratum of New England society was 

: true in even greater measure of the lower strata. The descendants 

of the adventurers and roisterers who had caused so much annoyance 
to the early Puritans had only in rare instances risen to position 
in church or civil hfe. They were stiU at the foot of the ladder, still 
made to feel their inferiority. The Anghcan Church was at this 
time doing missionary work in the Colonies; the Congregational 
societies in some of the New England Colonies constituted the estab- 
lished church, for a long period acknowledged by the civil government 
and authorized to tax all citizens, whether members or not, for its 
; maintenance. Eager to gain converts, the Anghcan missionaries 

I did not spurn these black sheep of Puritanism, but welcomed them 

I to the fold. It is not difficult to understand the success of the Church 

? , of England in proselyting those who hitherto had been of little 

standing in New England society. Doubtless the prestige and the 
more elaborate ritual of the mother church impressed them; here 
too, they found a rehgious body which was more tolerant of frivolity, 
more ready to admit the weakness of the flesh and to pardon the 
carnal sins. But the most powerful desire was, perhaps, to improve 
their social status, to form a community of their own, in which they 
could move imdisturbed by the censure of Puritanical bigotry. Thus 
it came about that between 1700 and 1775 the newer aristocracy of 
wealth and the "white trash" of the New England Colonies both 
gravitated towards the Church of England. 

The middle classes, still constituting a vast majority of the popu- 
lation and carrying with them the remnants of the older Puritan 
aristocracy of birth and personal worth, clung to the tenets of their 
fathers; but even here the infiltration of new ideas is discernible. 
Religious zeal lost its intensity and moral fibre its toughness. Manners 
grew more lax; there was greater freedom of intercourse between 
the sexes. The eighteenth century was altogether a more comfortable 
period to live in than the seventeenth century had been. The old 
standards were breaking up; society was growing more complex; 
opinions were becoming more divergent and irreconcilable. 

Through the transition era, this time of shifting ideas and changing 
manners, the trend of history may be read in the names bestowed 
on the children of the age. The Biblical names still greet us. but the 
uncommon ones begin to drop out until only the more popular 
survive. Side by side with them the good old English names, long 
disused but not forgotten, reappear with increasing frequenc3^ 
The Church of England was in no small degree responsible for the 

16 Early New England Nomenclature [Jan. 

revival of Saxon names, for the Anglican families had employed these 
names throughout the period when most of their contemporaries 
were Israelites indeed. Our gratitude is not lacking as Hachaliah 
and Zachariah make room for Henry and Edmund, and we haU the 
return of Dorothy and Margaret. But we must not in our com- 
placency overlook a long list of names of an entirely new class which 
make their appearance in the registers of births. Where once it 
had been essential to choose names from one book, the Sacred 
Scriptures, it now became the fashion to filch names from any book. 
A renascence of the classics is indicated when we find ourselves 
confronted with Vii-gU, iEneas, and Horace. The great English 
novels of the generation were also read; the popularity of Richardson 
may be gauged by the number of Clarissas and Pamelas who kept 
the home fires burning for the soldiers of Valley Forge, nor were 
Fielding's Amelia or Smollett's Narcissa neglected. Shakespearean 
heroes- and heroines, especially the latter, come into favor: Miranda, 
Orlando, Silvia, Celia, JuUa, and a host of others. Other names, 
unfamiUar, yet modern in appearance when contrasted with Obadiah 
and Ketxirah, were doubtless stolen from some forgotten romance, 
some "best seller" of that generation. Calvin, Luther, and the 
names of other theologians and di\'ines became common, and in 
Lamira the hymnal appears to have furnished at least one name. 
Finally, a few names, such as George and Frederick, Caroline and 
Henrietta, were borrowed from royalty and the EngUsh aristocracy. 
In a word, it became at last the unquestioned prerogative of 
parents to take names from any and every available soiirce; and 
we must not forget the influence of newspapers in the latter half of 
the eighteenth century in propagating the names of public characters. 
But perhaps the most remarkable feature of the nomenclature of 
the new era was the transformation undergone by the names of 
the preceding period, nor could any more striking illustration be 
found of the greater laxity of manners prevailing than in the nick- 
names which fill the baptismal registers, both Congregational and 
Episcopal. Among the feminine derivatives of common occurrence 
were Sally (Sarah), Molly and Polly (Mary), Betty (EUzabeth), 
Patty (Martha), Nabby (Abigail), Sene (Asenath), Hitty (Mehitabel), 
Dolly (Dorothy), Sukey (Susan), Tenty (Content), and Bede 
(Obedience). Though less frequently, jnasculine names were sub- 
jected at times to a similar diminution, as Tom and Ned, Riah 
(Azariah) and Jere (Jeremiah) bear ■R'itness. 

We have crossed the threshold of the nineteenth century, a century 
in which the increasing complexity of social strata, the increasing 
diversity of interests, and the diversity of blood introduced from 
Ireland, Germany, and elsewhere are matched by a corresponding 
diversity in the nomenclature. It will be wise to take our leave of 
the New England of the Puritans at this point, before the threads 
of the discourse are quite lost in the labyrinth we are approaching. 

1923] Church Records of Shrewsbury, Mass. 17 


From a manuscript in the posskssion of the New England Historic 
Genealogical Society 

The North Precinct or Parish of Shrewsbury, Mass., was estab- 
lished 17 Dec. 1742, and the number of settlers in that part of the 
town and their distance from the Shrewsbiuy meeting house made 
the organization of a new church advisable. For this purpose several 
men were dismissed from the Shrewsbury church, and on 6 Oct. 1743 
the church in the new parish was "gathered." On 26 Oct. 1743 
Rev. Ebenezer Morse was ordained as the first pastor of this church, 
and in the succeeding months other members, both men and women, 
of the parent church joined their brethren in the north part of the 
town. This parish remained a part of Shrewsbury until 1 Mar. 1786, 
when it was estabhshed as the town of Boylston and its church 
became the Congregational Church of Boylston. 

Rev. Ebenezer Morse was bom at Medfield, Mass., 2 Mar. 1718/19,* 
the son of Joshua* (Samuel' of Medfield, Joseph^ of Dedham, Mass., 
Samuel^ of Dedham and Medfield) and Mary Morse of Medfield, 
and died at Boylston, Mass., 3 Jan. 1802. He received the degree 
of. A.B. at Harvard College in 1737 (where he was placed twenty- 
third in a class of thirty-four), and took the degree of A.M. in due 
course. He married at Slirewsbury, 23 Oct. 1745,t Persis Bush, 
bom 22 Apr. 1727,t died 6 May 1788, daughter of John and Martha 
Bush of Shrewsbury. On 1 Jan. 1790 the intention of marriage of 
Rev. Ebenezer Morse of Boylston and Mrs. Rebeckah Symms was 
published at Shrewsbury, but the marriage did not take place. 
Mrs. Symms is said to have been the widow of Thomas Symms, a 
Revolutionary patriot who died at Shrewsbmy in the course of the 

At the outbreak of the Revolution Mr. Morse sided with the 
Loyalists, and at a town meeting in Shrewsbury, 23 May 1775, a 
committee of five was elected to examine him and four other men 
who were suspected of Toryism. A week later this committee reported 
that Mr. Morse in sundry instances had "appeared not to be so 
friendly to the cormnon cause, as we could wish; but rather, in some 
instances, unfriendly;" and the town voted: 

"That the Committee of correspondence forthwith take from said Morse, 
his arms, ammunition and warlike implements of all kinds, to remain in 
said Committee's hands for the present; and that the said Morse do not 
pass over the lines of the 2d Parish in Shrewsbury, on any occasion whatever, 
without a permit from two or more of the Committee of said precinct." 

In June 1775 Mr. Morse was summarily dismissed by his parish- 

♦Acoording to the printed Vital Records of Medfield he was born 2 Mar. 1717/18, but see his 
own family record, given at the end of this article. 

tThis date is from Rev. Ebenezer Morse's own record. According to the printed Vital Records 
of Shrewsbury the marriage took place 27 Nov. 1745, and according to the Morse Genealogy 
3 Oct. 1744 or (on another page) 21 Nov. 1745. 

{According to the printed Vital Records of Shrewsbury she was born 23 Apr. 1727. 


Church Records of Shrewsbury, Mass. 


ioners and excluded from the pulpit, but it was not until the following 
November that this action was confirmed by an ecclesiastical council. 
He continued to reside in the North Parish of Shrewsbury (later the 
town of Boylston), and practised medicine there for several years.* 
The following records are preser\'ed in a book kept by Rev. Ebenezer 
Morse, which has recently been secured for the New England Historic 
Genealogical Society through the efforts of Mr. Walter Kendall 
WatkiJQS, Chairman of the Society's Committee on Collection of 
Records. It contains records of the chiirch in the North Parish 
dm-ing Mr. Morse's pastorate, together with a few professions of 
religion, baptisms, and marriages occurring after he was dismissed, 
and also Mr. Morse's record of his own family. In preparing this 
manuscript for publication dates have been given with the usual 
abbreviations, the year-date has been placed above the month and 
day (in the original it is usually on the same line with the month 
and day) and has not been repeated above succeeding months or 
days in the same year, and marks of punctuation have been placed 
at the end of each entry (except in Mr. Morse's family record) and 
also within entries, if clearness requires them. Most of the church 
votes and a few other passages or phrases containing no genealogical 
information have been omitted; but names of members, admissions, 
and all baptisms have been copied, although the birth records of 
many of the children baptized may be foimd in the printed Vital 
Records of Shrewsbury. The only marriages, however, printed here 
are those which are not given in the Vital Records of Shrewsbury or 
which differ materially from the corresponding entries in that book. 

June 28 

Oct. 26 

Mar. 11 

May 20 
Sept. 30 

Appeared liere & in most parts of New England vast armies of 
insects Resembling of Caterpillars which devoured boath Com 
and Grass in a wonderfull manner. They did not Continue 
Long but in the Space of about daj"^ [illegible] Generally 


The day of my Consecration to the work of the Gospel Ministry. 

John Holland, Abner Seaver, Bethsheba 

admitted into Church. 
Desire ToLman and Eli Kej'es admitted 
Lydia Briard. 

Holland, and Mary Rand 
into Chh. 

Dec. 16 Sarah Keyes. 
Mary Bennet. 
Rebeckah Keyes. 
Ruth Keyes. 
Patience Keyes. 
Hepsibeth Kej'es. 
Hanah Taylor. 
Abigail How. 
Sarah Smith. 
Sarah Goodell. 
Hanah Bennet. 
Phebe Keyes. 
Abigail Keyes. 


Sept. 8 

Nov. 3 

Jan. 12 

Oct. 12 

Bulay Taylor. 
Martha Biglo. 
Martha Bennet. 
Hanah "Walker. 

Joseph Glazier & EUjah 

XathaU Davenport & his 

wife & Jonas Holland. 
Aaron[?] Newton. 

Martha Bush. 

•Cf. Ward's Hbtory of the Town of Shrewsb'jry, Boston, 1847, pp. 38-39, 205-210, 371. 


Church Records of Shrewsbury, Mass. 


May 7 

May 22 
June 19 

Jan. 10 
Nov. 19 

Feb. 18 
July 15 

Jan. 13 

Persis Morse. 

Jonathn Keyes, Junr. 
Sarah Taylor. 

Hazadiah Taylor. 
Amariah Biglo. 
Wm Crafford & wife. 

Joseph Hinds. 
Jabez Beaman 

& his 






Danll Ball & Unice his 

Jos Glazier & his wife. 
Aaron Seaver & his wife. 
Persis Keyes. 
Elizbth Maynard. 
Sarah Newton. 

Cypn. Keys, Junr., & 

Martha his wife. 
Silence Winch. 
Samll Rice & his wife. 

Stephen Flagg & his'wife. 

Jotham Flagg. 
Abigail Gale. 
Miriam Biglo. 

Luce wife of Willm. Goss. 

Sarah wife of Amh Biglo. 
Levi Mores & his wife. 

Thankfull Cheeny. 
Aaron Sawyer & hiis wife.* 
[Here follow several blank pages, on one of which is written: " Tay Edwards, 
Coney Hill, by Franklin Centre, Que." — the name and address of the recent 
possessor of this book of records.] 

1743 At a fast solemnized by the Covenanting brethren in Shrewsbury 
Oct. 6 North Preciact and attended by the Revd. Mssrs Parkman & 
Gushing and his delegates a Chh was Gathered ia Sd. Precinct. 
The Signers of their Covenant were as follows: Ebenr Morse, 
John Keyes, Senr., Eleazer Taylor, Jacob Hynds, Cyprian Keyes, 
Mephibosheth Bixbey, Oliver Keyes, Jonathan Keyes, Josiah 
Bennet, Joshua Houghton, Ebenezer Taylor, Elisha Majoiard, 
Ephraim Wheeler, Phinehas How, Jonathan Bennet, Daniel 
Bixby, John Keyes, Junr., Nathaniel Bixby, David Taylor. Heze- 
kiah Walker. 
N.B. Sd. Walker Signed on ye Morning of the ordination of their 
Pastor & with ye Consent of ye before mentioned Signers. 
Oct. 30 Mary Daughter of Eli Keyes baptized per Dom Bavley [?]. 
Nov. 13 David Crosby Received into Sd. Chh & from ye first Chh in 
20 Abraham Son of Henry Thayer was baptized. 
29 . . . Voted . . . That John Keyes, Senr., Cyprian Keyes, and 
Jonathan Keyes officiate as as deacons in Sd. Chh. . . . 

Feb. 18 
Dec. 28 

Aug. 3 

Unice Glazier & Susann 

Hulda Rice. 

Ruth & Priscilla Kej'es. 
Hannah Taylor. 
Jotham Bush & Hepsi- 

beth Bush. 

Zebulun Rice & wife. 
Danl Hastings, Junr. 

Job \\Tiitney. 


"Jun" 8 

Oct. 15 

Jan. 9 

Feb. 27 
June 19 

June 14 

Feb. 28 

Sept. 15 
, 1754 
July 1 
Oct. 30 

Sept. 4 
Oct. 15 

Dec. 25 

Jan. 8 
Jan. 22 

Abigail daughter of John Keyes, Junr., baptized per Domn Gushing. 

. . . Nethaniel Son of Nethanll Davenport baptized. 
Daniel Son of Jonathan Ball baptized. 

*This entry has been crossed out. 
tAn error for 1743. 





























20 Church Records of Shrewsbury, Mass. [Jan. 

Feb. 26 Luce daughter of Isaac Temple baptized. 

* * * 

Abner Son of Josiah Bennet baptized. . . . 

Abigail daughter of Benj Temple baptized. 

Hamiah Wilder Seaver Daughter of Abner Seaver baptized. 

Gardner Son of Elisha Manard baptized pr D. Buckminster. 

Dinah & Catherine daughters of Jonthn Keyes per D Gushing. 

Unice daughter of Ephr Holland baptized. 

* * * 

Bette daughter of Ephm Wheeler baptized per Do Gushing. 

* * * 

Nathan Taylor owned the Govenant & had Isaac his Son baptized. 
Item David ye Son Da\id GhUd was baptized. 

Samll Bixbey . . . owned ye Covenant & had Ephraim & 

Manassah his Sons baptized. 
Easter daughter of Jonas Holland baptized per Jona Prentice. 
Phebe daughter of John Keyes, Junr., & Nathan Son of Jonthn 

Green baptized. 

Mary daughter of Eli Keyes baptized per Donm Baxter. 

EUzabeth daughter to Willm dunsmore baptized per D Mellen. 
Easter daughter of Oliver Keyes baptized. 
Apr. 9 Luce Seaver daughter of Jesse Seaver baptized per Domi 
of Henry Keyes baptized. 

4: * 4c 

Sept. 8 Joseph Glazier & Elijah Rice admitted into Chh & Unice Glazier 
& Hepsibeth Wait baptized. 
Nathaniel Davenport his wife & Jonas Holland Reed, into Chh. 
Willm Banack[?] Servant Child of Aaron Newton baptized. 
Aaron Newton Reed into Chh. 

baptized Lowis daughter of Phinehas How. 

baptized EHzabeth daughter of John Keyes, Junr. 

Samll Holland & Sarah his Wife owned the Co%i:t & Elizebeth 

their daughter baptized, also Molle daughter of Phinehas 

Bennet was baptized. 
Solomon Son of Benj a. Temple baptized. 
Robert Cumin owned the Covenant & was baptized. ' 
John My son baptized. 

Daniel Son of Danl Whitney baptized per Do Gushing. 
Abijah Son of OHver Keyes baptized. 
Aaron son of Ephaim Wheeler baptized. 
Mrs Bush Received to full Communion with this Chh & Thaddeus 

Son of Nethanael Hastings baptized. 
Jerusha & Elizabeth daughters of Nethanael Bixby baptized. 
Item Luce daughter of Samll Frizzel baptized. 
Joel Son of Jess Seaver baptized. 

Joseph French and Mary his wife owned the Covenant. She Reed 
baptism as also did Desire their Son. 
Jan. 25 Jonathan Son of Jonathan Bennett was baptized. 

*Nov. 3 written below Nov. 10th. 








Mar. 30 














Sept. 28 









1923] Church Records of Shrewsbury, Mass. 21 

Sarah Daughter of ,Wm. Norcross baptized. 
Mindwell daughter of Mr Silas Brigham baptized. 

* * * 

John Son of Samll Bixby baptized. 

Paul Son of Edwd. Goodell baptized. 

Hannah daughter of Daniel Bixby baptized. 

Joseph Son of Ephm. Holland & Jonathan Son of Jonathan 

Cutting baptized. 
Lavina daughter to Beja. Biglo baptized. 
Sarah daughter to Isaac Temple baptized per D Martyn. 
Sarah daughter of Eli Keyes baptized. 
Persis my Spouse admitted to full Commuiyon with ys Chh. 
Catherine daughter to Nathll. Davenport baptized. 
Copia daughter to Silas Rice baptized in private. ... 
Elisabeth daughter of Jonathan Green baptized. 
William Son of Jonathan Ball baptized. 
Mary my daughter baptized. 

Lydia daughter to Amariah Biglo, who is now owning ye Covenant, 

Elishk Son of Elisha Manard baptized. 
Jonathan Keyes, Jimr., Reed, into fuU Comm. with Chh. 
Amos Son of Benja. Temple baptized. 
John Son of Jason wait baptized. 
Sarah Taylor admitted to fuU Comn. with ye Chh. 
L[blot]ise daughter of Willm. Goss & Rachael daughter to Hezekiah 

Walker baptized. 
Rhoda Daughter of Phiriehas Bennet baptized per Do. Gushing. 
Mary daughter of Joseph French baptized per Do Davis. 
Abigail daughter of Jonathan Cuttng baptized. 
Benj Hinds & Elizabeth his wife owned ye Covenant . . . Bette 

daughter of Benja. Hinds baptized. 
Mary daughter of Capt. Joseph Biglo baptized. 
Aaron Son of Joseph Glazier baptized. 
Francis & Freedom children of John Bouker Baptized. 

Priscilla daughter of Samll. Bixby baptized. 
Hezzadia wife of David Taylor Reced to full Comn. 
Amariah Biglo Reed to full Comn. 

Mary daughter of Silas Brigham & Jonas Son of Josiah Bennet 

a letter of Recommendation to ye Chh of Bolten voted to Br. 
John Kej'es & his wife Abigail by ye Chh. 

Apr. 9 Cate daughter of Benja. Hoit baptized, then tried a vote in ys 
chh to See whether it would Recommeded our Brother Phinehas 
Bennet & Mary his wife to j^e chh of Holden & is passed in ye 
Negative, j'e Reason assigned was ji. ye persons above Sd had 
not for months past attended on jt duty here agreeable to ye 
tenor of ye Covenant of ys Chh. 

Apr. 31 The persons last mentioned acknowledged ye fault above named, 
[sic] & obtained ye Chhs forgiveness & Reconciliation. Also William 

Thomas son of Benja. Biglo Baptized. 

May 6 Daniel Son of Benja. Hinds Baptized. 

May 14 Mary daughter of Nathanael Davenport baptized. 

May 21 Abu daughter of Nicholas Briard baptized. 



























Mar. 27 






June 19 






















22 Church Records of Shrewsbury, Mass. [Jan. 

June 18 Antony Son of Eleazer Taylor baptized. 
■ July 9 Aaron Son of Danil. Bixby baptized. 

Aug. 18 Submit daughter of Jonathn. Ball baptized per Domi Mellen. 
Sept. 10 Sarah daughter of Danl. Whitney baptized. 
Sept. 17 David Son of Edwd. GoodeU & Elijah Son of Elijah Rice baptized. 
Nov. 5 Silas Son of Silas Rice baptized per Do Goss. 
Oct. 29 David Son of Jonathan Bennet baptized. 
Nov. 19 Jno Graff ord lately of ye Chh of Xt in Londonderry came under 

ye bonds of this Chh & was Reed, to full Comn. -with us. 
Jan. 28 Ezra Son of Eli Keyes baptized. 

Feb. 18 Joseph Hinds admitted to fuU Communion' with ye Chh. 
Mar. 4 Samuel Son of Robert Andrews Baptized. 
Mar. 24 Abigail daughter of Samll Holland baptized. 
Apr. 8 Eliakim my Son, also Unice daughter of Joseph Glazier baptd. 
Apr. 8 BerzUlai Holt &. his wife owned ye Covenant & obtained baptism 

for yr. 3 childn, viz., Abel, Berzillai, & James. 
May 13 Sarah daughter of Jonathan Cutting baptized. 
June 24 Luther Son of Jonas Holland baptized per Do Mellen. 
July 15 Jabez Beaman & his wife received into ye Chh from^ye 

Chh of Christ in Bolton. Item Silas Son of Berzillai Holt 

Aug. 12 Tilley Son of Beja. Temple, SUas Son of Nathl. Hastings, 

Son of Eph Wheeler baptized per Do Gushing. 
Aug. 26 Silas Son of BerzUlai Holt baptized. Item Br. Joshua Houghton 

recommended to the first Chh in Lancaster. 
Oct. 7 Benja. Son of Saml. Frizzel baptized. 
Oct. 14 Zebulun Rice & his wife owned ye Covenant & received baptism 

for yr. son Josiah. 

27 Abner Son of Benja. Hinds baptized per Do. Mellen. 

Jan. 13 Unice Wife of Joseph Glazr & Susanna Robins admtd to fuU Comn. 
Jan. 20 Moses Smith and wife owned the Cavt & reed, baptism for moses 

yr. Son. 
Feb. 3 Sarah Daughter of Benja. Hoit, Senr., Baptized. GiKrey Negro 

owned ye Covenant and received baptism 
Feb. 17 Hulda wife of Elijah Rice received to fuU Comm. 
Mar. 17 Ruth and PrisciUa Keyes admitted to full Comn. with the^Chh. 

Item Edmund Son of Benja. Biglo baptized. 
Apr. 29 Hannah Taylor reed into fuU Comm. with ye Chh. 
May 5 Martha daughter of Samll. Bixby baptized. 
May 12 Lowis daughter of NathU. Bixby baptized. 

* * * 

Aug. 24 Jotham Son of John Bouker baptized. 

Sept. 8 Joab Son of Moses Smith baptized. 

Sept. 15 Nathanael Son of Nathanael Davenport baptized. 

Item Luce wife of WiUiam Goss reed to full Comm. 
Sept, 22 Joseph Biglo, Junr., & Olive his wife o'mied ye Covent. & Reed 

baptism for Rehef yr. daughter. Item Louis daughter of EUjah 

Rice baptized. 
Oct. 6 Jotham Bush & Hepsibeth his wife admitted to full Comn. 

28 Jonathan son of Jonathan Ball & Rachael daughter of Nicholas 

Briard baptized. 
Nov. 3 Alpheus Son of Joseph Morse baptized. 
Nov. 19 Peter Larkin & Azuba his vfiie owned ye Govt, of ys Chh. . . . 

1923] Church Records of Shrewsbury, Mass. 23 

j " ' 

I Dec. 30 Hepsibath Daughter of Jotham Bush baptized. Son of 

't Benja. Temple baptized. 

i 1752 

I Apr. 12 Joshua my Son & Jonah Son of Samll. Holland baptized. 

1 Apr. 19 Joshua Son of WiUiam Goss baptized per D Gushing. 

I May, 10 Lavina daughter of Joseph Glazier baptized. 

I June 14 Stephen Flagg & Judith his wifd were received to full Comn with 

I this Ghh. Item Soln. Houghton & Deliverance his wife owned 

I ye Govt. Item John Son of Stephen Flagg baptized. 

I June 28 Molle Daughter of Sohn Houghton Baptized per D Martyn. 

July 19 Abigail daughter of Benja Hinds baptized. 
Sept. 23 Hannah daughter of Wilhn Whitney baptized in private. 
Oct. 3 Mary daughter of Eleazer Taylor Baptized. Item Ebenr. Inglesbe 
owned ye Govenant of this Ghh. & together with his wife . . . 
Received baptism for ther 

• Nov. 24 Berzeliel Son of Jonathan Bennet Baptized. 
Dec. 22 Sarah Witherbee Baptized, Deacn. Jonathan Keyes & wife Sponsors. 

Jan. 21 Dinah Negro woman owned the Govenant of this Ghh & Reced 

Feb. 18 Zebuiun Rice & wife Game into full Gomn. with this Ghh. 
Mar. 4 Bette daughter of Josiah Bennet baptized per Do Martyn. 
Mar. 11 Joseph son of Ebenr Prescot baptized. 
Mar. 28 Ebenr. Son of Ohver Harris baptized. 

Apr. 15 Lavina daughter of Ephm. Holland baptized per Do Harrington. 
May 20 Martha daughter of Joseph Biglo, Junr., baptized. 
May 25 Adonijah Son of Nathanael Bixbe baptized. 
July[6Zoi] Solomon Son of Jonathan Keyes, Junr., baptized. 
July 29 Thomas Son of Nathanael Hastings baptized. 
Aug. 12 John Son of John Keyes baptized, also mary daughter of Jacob 

Aug. 19 Solomon Son of Stephen Flagg baptized per D. Gushing. 
Aug. 26 Francis Son of Amariah Biglo, David son of Jotham Bush, & 

John son of Ebenr. Inglesbee baptized. 
Sept. 23 Ezra son of Jonn. Ball, EUzabeth daughter of Barz. Holt, & Sarah 

daught of Daniel Bixbey baptized. 
Sept. 30 Luce daughter of Jonathan Gale Baptized. 
Item William son of Willm Dunsmore baptized. 
Nov. 18 Triphena daughter of Elijah Rice baptized. . . . 

* * * 

Dec. 28 Daniel Hastings, Junr., admitted to full Gommunion with ys Ghh. 

Jan. 13 Patience daughter of Willm Goss & Ruth daughter of Daniel 

Hastings, Junr., baptized. 
Apr. 21 Voted a letter of Recommendation of Ebenezer Taylor & of Beulah 

his wife directed to ye Ghh of Xt in Narragansett No. 2. 
May 19 Sophia daughter of Joseph Morse Baptized. 
June 16 Ebenezr. My Son, Salmon Son of Benja. Temple, & Tamar 

daughter of Sol. Houghton Baptized. 
May 12 Ephraim & Martha twin Ghildren of Samll. Bixby Baptized. 
June 30 Rachel daughter of David Winch baptized. 
July 1 Sarah wife of Amariah Biglo Received to fuU Gomm with ys Ghh. 
Aug. 10 Stephen Son of Gharles Wood Baptized. 
Sept. 8 Ithamer Son of Ephm. Wheeler Baptized per Do Mellen. 
Sept. Benja. Son of Benja. Hinds Baptized. 

24 Church Records of Shrewsbury, Mass. [Jan. 

Sept. 29 Bazaleel Maynard & his wife Elizabeth . . . received Baptism 

for Elizabeth their daughter. 
Oct. 20 Olive daughter of Joseph Glazier baptized. 
Oct. 29 Mercy daughter of Jonathan Gale baptized per Do Gushing. . 
Dec. 4 Rebeccah daughter of Levi Mores Baptized. 

* * * 

Oct. 30 Levi More & Rebecca his wife admitted to full Comn. 

Jan. 19 MoUe Daughter of Willm. Ghesnut Baptized. 
Feb. 2 Dinah daughter of Jontha. Keyes, Junr., & Abel Son of Amariah 

Biglo Baptized. 
Feb. 24 Elizabeth daughter of Robert Andrews Baptized. 
Apr. 18 Silence daughter of Jonathan Ball Bapt. per D marty. 
May 11 David Son of Danll Bixby Baptized. 
Item Joseph Son of Ebenr Inglesbe. 
June 7 Mary daughter of Peter JosIjti Baptized. 
July 13 Ebenr. my Son, Willim Son of Wm. Goss, John son of Josiah 

Bennet, Thomas Son of John Keyes, John & Jotham Sons of 

Jotham Bush Baptized. 
Aug. 3 Mr. Job Whitney Reed, to full Gomn. 

10 Dinah Daughter of Joseph Biglow, Junr., Baptized. 
Nov. 3 Ephraim Son of Ephm. HoUand Baptized. 
Nov. 30 Reuben Son of Samll HoUand Baptized. 
Feb. 15 Jane daughter of Jacob Pike & Ruth daughter of Berzell Maynard 

22 Jason Son of Benja. Hinds baptized per D MeUen. 
28 Jotham Flagg, Abigail Gale, & Meriam Keyes Reced to full Comn. 
Mar. 22 Ebenr Son of Elijah Rice baptized. 
May 8 Eliakim Son of Zebulun Rice Baptized. 
May 15 Rhuami Son of SamU Bixby baptized. 
Jime 8 Daniel Ball & Unice his wife admitted to full Communion. 

Moses, Aaron, & Daniel, Sons of ye Sd. Ball, Baptized. 
June 14 Charles Son of Charles Wood & John Son of Moses Smith Baptized. 
Sept. Joseph Glazier, Senr., & Mary his wife admitted to full Comn. 

Thanfull Cheeny admitted to fuU Comn & Reed baptism for 

Simon her Son. Unice daughter of Jona Gale baptized. 
Sept. 12 being nigh its End daughter of Reuben Mores baptized in 

Oct. 15 Aaron Sawj^er & Abigal his Wife, Elizabeth Maynard, Sarah 

Newton, Persis Keyes admitted to full Gomn. Aaron Son of 

Aaron Sawyer Baptized. Also Lemuel & Elijah, Sons of widdow 

Sarah Newton, Baptized. 
Jan. 9 Cyprian Keyes and Martha his wife admitted to Comn. also 

Joseph my Son Baptized being 7 daj''s old. 
Feb. 13 Sarah daughter of Jonathan Keyes, Junr., baptized. 
Feb. 27 Silence Winch admitted to Comn. in fuU. 
Mar. 27 Amariah Son of Amariah Biglo Bapd. per D Gushing. 
Apr. 3 John son of Robert Andrews Baptized. 
June 19 Saml Rice & his wife . . . were admitted to full Comn. & Reed. 

Baptism for their Son Samuel. 
July 3 OUve daughter of WiUm Dunmore baptized. 
July 18 David Son of Cyprian Keyes, Junr., baptized. 
Nov. 6 Olive daughter of Josh. Biglo, Junr., Baptized. 














1923] Church Records of Shrewsbury, Mass. 25 

'Bette daughter of Mr. Gleazon Baptized. 

Nimrod Son of Benja. Hinds baptized. ... 

Jonas Temple & Olive his wife owned the covenant & Olive therr 
daughter baptized. 

Louisa daughter of Baseliel Majmard Baptized. 

Anna daughter of Ebenr Inglesbe baptized. 

Saml Hastings and Ann his wife . . . owned ye Covenant & 
I Received baptism for Stephen their Son. 

I June 9 Voted a Letter of Recommendation to Br Daniel Hastings and 

f Priscilla his wife to the Chh of Christ in Petersham. 

\ * * * 

June 19 James Son of Ephm. Holland was baptized. 

July 22 Ephraim Temple and Mary his wife . . . owned ye Covenant 

of this Chh and Received Baptism for Francis their Son. 
Sept. 23 Reuben Son of Joshua Townsend baptized. 
Oct. 2 James & Reuben Sons of Widdow Moore baptized. 

* * * 

Nov. 5 Abigail Moore admitted to full Conm. . . . 

Nov. 18 William Crawford & his wife . . . owned the Covenant of of this 
Chh & Reced. Baptism for their Son John. 
Item Joseph Son of Elijah Rice baptized. 

Dec. 31 Damaris daughter of Jonas Temple baptized. 

Nov. 3 Jonathan Son of Jonathan Keyes, Junr., baptized. 
I 1759 

\ ' Jan. 14 Rufus Son of Jonas Ward baptized. 

I Feb. 4 Esther daughter of David Taylor & Cyprian Son of Cyprian 

I Keyes, Junr., Baptized, 

f - Feb. 18 Eliakim my Son baptized. 

! Feb. 25 Ebenezr Pike, Junr., reed to fuU Comm & David his Son Baptiz. 

i Apr. 22 Calvin Son of Joseph Glazier Baptized. 

I Apr. 29 Isaac Son of Epm Temple Baptized. Item Lucy daughter of 

I Robt. Andrew & Susannah daughter of Zebulun Rice Baptized. 

• June 10 Jno. Taylor & his wife admitted to Conm. and Received baptism 

for HoUowell their Son. 

Item Stephen Son of Stephen Flagg baptized. 

June 24 Ebenr Son of Jonathn Cutting baptized. 

Aug. 19 Sarah daughter of Amariah Biglo baptize. 

* * * 

Sept. 5 The Chh voted That Molle Whittemore be admitted into Covenant 

with ye Ch. 
Sept. 9 MoUe Whittemore baptized. 
Sept. 16 Ashm* Son of Benjn. Hinds baptized. 
Nov. 11 Levi Son of Levi Moore baptizd per Mr. Sherman. 
Dec. 23 Levina daughter of Ezra Beaman baptiz. 

Jan. 6 Jonas son of Samll. Holland baptized. 
Jan. 27 Eliab Son of Isaac Gleazon baptized. 
Mar. 24 INIolle daughter of Ebenr Inglesbee baptized. 
Jan. 6 Willm. Goss Removed his Relation from ye 2d Chh in Lancaster 

to this Chh. Item Edward Newton, Senr., from sd 2d Chh to 

ys. Chh. 
May 16 Zebadah daughter of Benj. Temple baptized. 

Elizabeth Goss received to full Comn. with this Chh. 
June 8 Eli Son of Jonathn Gale baptized. 
July 13 Stephen Son of Capt Joseph Biglo, Jur., baptized. 

26 Church Records of Shrewsbury, Mass. [Jan. 

Item Sally daughter of Daniel Ball. • 

July 20 Levina daughter of Stepn Keyes Baptized. 
Aug. 20 Hannah daughter of David Taylor baptizd, 
Nov. 16 Amhert my son baptized. 
Nov. 16 Relief daughter of Nathll Bixby baptized. 
Nov. 23 Patte daughter of Benja. Hinds baptized. 
Nov, Ebenezer Son of Jonathan Keyes, Junr., baptized. 

Jan. 4 John Son of Steph. Flagg baptized. 
Jan. 11 I'redrick Abbut & Jurusha Bixby, wife of Nathall. Bixby, admitted 

to full Comn. with this Chh. Also David Winch and his Wife 

were Received from ye Chh of Framingham. 
Feb. 25 Charles Son of Samll Hastings baptized. 
Mar. 22 Oliver Son of Willm. Goss, Ephm. Son of John Keys, Philemon 

Son of Sol Houghton, & Ephraim Son of Ebenr Pike, Junr., 

Mar. 29 Luce daughter of Jotham Bush baptized. 

Mary daughter of John Taylor baptized per Don Goss. 
May 22 Naomi daughter of Edward Newtofi, Junr., baptized. 
June 12 Nathanael Son of Ephraim Holland baptized. 
Sept. 3 Sarah daughter of Enoch Kinsley baptized. 
Aug. 9 Margaret Gale & Zillah Taylor admitted to full Comn. 

* * * 

Oct. 11 Isaac Temple admitted to full Comn. 

Oct. 19 Parnae daughter of Aaron Sawyer baptized. 

Oct. 5 Thaddeus son of Jonas Ward baptized. 

Nov. 15 Samuel Bennet & Abigail his wife Removed yr Relation from the 

Chh of Holden to ys Chh. 
Item Daniel Far Removed his Relation from ye Chh of Stow to this Chh. 
Item his wife Removed her relation from ye Chh of Holden to this Chh. 
Item Esther daughtei; of Antipas Bouker baptized. 

Feb; Molle daughter to Levi Moore baptized. 

Feb. 14 Patte daughter of Cjtju Keyes, Junr., baptized. 
Feb. 28 Persis daughter of Peter Joslyn. 
Mar. 7 Tabitha daughter of Benja. Hinds baptized.. ' 
Apr. 11 Levi Son of Amariah Biglo, Winsor Son of Isaac Gleason, Banister 

Son of Berzel Maynard, Sarah daughter of Daniel Farr, Luce 

daughter of Jonathan Goodenough Baptized. 
Apr. 18 Paul Son of Samll HoUand, Unice daughter of Ebenr. Inglesby, 

Mary daughter of Josha. Townsend, Eleonar daughter of 

Willm. Crawford baptized. 
May 9 Persis daughter of Ezra Beaman baptize per D MartjTi. 
May 23 Asa son of Robert Andrews baptized. 
June 6 Charles Biglo & Luce his ^dfe admitted to full Comn. with this 

Chh. Lucretia his daughter baptized. 
June 27 Ezra Son of Ephm. Temple baptized, also Eliphalet Cutting & 

Mary his wife owned ye Covt. & Abigail jt. daughter Baptised. 
July 4 Zehariah Eager & Abigail . . . Reed. Baptism for Lovisa their 

July 25 John Son of Jonas Temple Baptized per Do Mecarty. 
Aug. 22 Luce daughter of Samll Rice baptized. 
Sept. 12 Axah daughter of Joseph Biglo baptized. 
Sept. 19 Amos Fullar & Mary his wife . . . put themselves imder ye 

bonds of the Covet. & She Recived baptism for her Self. 
Item Salmo Son of Jonathan Keyes, Junr., baptized. 

1923] Church Records of Shrewsbury, Mass. 27 

Jonathan son of Jonathan Gale, Lucy daughter of David Taylor, 

and Elizabeth daughter of Stephn Keyes Baptized. 
A letter' of Recommendation of the Revd. Mr. James Welman 
I from the 2d Chh in Sutton read; & pursuant thereunto Voted 

] to Receive to our fellowship & Comn the Revd. person abovesd. 

I Nov. 21 ■ daughter of Amos Fuller baptized. 

I Nov. 28 Benja son of Zechaiah Eager baptized. 

A letter to ye Covenanting Brethren at Ipswitch Canada Recom- 
mending & Dismissing Daniel Bixby. 

Asa Harris received from ye Chh in Leominster. 

Bette the wife of John Hastings reed to full Comn. 

Luke son of Asa Harris and Eliakim Son of John Hastings baptized. 

A letter of Recomdn. of Tabitha Bixby to the Chh in Ipswitch , 
Canada Voted. Item Isaac Son of Norman Sever Baptized. 

Levi Son of Jothm. Bush, Epm. Son of Ephm Allen, and Edmund 
Son of Edmund Larkin Baptized per D Martyn. 

Abial Son of Bazillai Holt baptized. 

Lucy daughter of Artemas Maynard baptized. 

Ephr. Alleij Removed his Relation from the 2d Chh in West- 
borough to this Chh. 

of Ebenr Pike, Junr., baptized. 

Berzeliel How and his wife admitted to fuU Conm. with this Chh. 

Mr. Kimbal Removed his Relation from the first Chh in Boxford 
to this Chh. 

Item Sarah Graves admitted to full Comn. with this Chh. 

Ebenr Woodisse & wife owned the Govt and Reed. Baptism for 
Edward their Son. 

Eli Keyes, Junr., admitted to fuU Comn as also Sarah his wife . . . 
and Red. Baptism for Relief her daughter as also for Ezra 
their son. 

Item Saphira daughter o[f] Antipas Bouker baptized. 

Peobody Son of Cypr. Keyes, Junr., baptized. 

Francis Son of Berzeliel Maynard baptized. 

Micah Hathern & Sarah his wife owned the Covn of this Chh & 

Reed Baptism for Sarah yr daughter. 

* * * 

Nov. 27 Ezra Son of Asaph Butler and daughter of Ebenr. Inglesbe 


Jan. 1 Ezra Son of Levi Moor baptized. . 

* * * 

Feb. 19 Dorothy & Anna daughters of Peter Joslyn Baptized. 
Mar. 4 Betty daughter of Edward Newton, Junr., Baptized. 
Mar. 11 Samuel Son of Daniel Farr baptized. 
May 1 Andrew Son of Charles Biglo baptized. 

May 22 Jonas son of Jonas Temple and Anis my daughter Baptized, also 
Relief Bennet and Gate Graves admitted to full Comm. 

May 20 Jonas Son of Jonas Temple & Anis my daughter baptized. 

* * * 

June 10 James Goodenough & his wife owned ye Covenant and received 

baptism for Timothy their Son. 
June 24 Candice daughter of Joseph Glazier baptized. 

Abigail daughter of Aaron Sawyer Baptized. 
July 22 Mary Gleason admitted to full Comn. with this Chh and Lettice 

daughter of Elijah Rice baptized. 











Jan. 2 









May 15 
May 22 
May 25 














28 Church Records of Shrewsbury, Mass. [Jan. 

Aug. 5 Stephen Hastings and his wife owned ye Covenant and received 

Baptism for Antipas a Servant boy of theirs. 
Aug. 26 Rachel daughter of Stephn. Hastings baptized. 
Sept. 2 Jonathan Son of Jonathan Cutting & Lucretia daughter of Jonas 

Ward Baptized. 
Sept. 23 Silas How & Abigail his wife Received to full Comn. John Son of 

Willm Crawford baptized. 
Nov.[6Zot] Levi Son of Silas How Baptized. 
Nov. ' Daniel Son of Eli Keyes, Junr., and Mara daughter of Widow 

Sarah Holland baptized. 
Nov. 25 Tamar Beaman admitted to full Comn. 
Dec. 2 Rhoda daughter of Jonn Gale & Tamar daughter of Nathnll. 

Davnpot baptized. 
Dec. 24 Thomas son of Artemas Maynard Baptized. 

Item Ebenezer Belknap . . . was admitted to Covenant [and] 

Silence His wife also. . . . 
Feb. 24 Jotham Son of BerziUai Holt & Lydia daughter of Micah Hathem 

Mar. 10 Elisha Son of Ephm. Allen baptized. 
Mar. 17 ThankfuU daughter of Daniel Ball Baptized. 

Item The Chh manifested their Consent that Zoeth Johnson 

Should be Baptized in private as his bodily Indisposition would 

not admit of his attending Publick worship, wch. Baptism was 

accordingly admiministed March 21 at the place of his Residence. 
Apr. 15 Ahio son of Epm. Temple, SHas son of Epm. Beaman, Luke Son 

of Zebulun Rice, Louisa daughter of Eben. Belknap. 
Apr. 29 Betty daughter of John Hastings baptized. 
June 19 Abigail daughter of Edmimd Larking baptized. 
June 30 daughter of Ebenr Pike baptized. 

Sept. 1 Levi son of Amariah Biglo baptized, 
Oct. 20 Francis son of Jonatn. Kej'es, Junr., & Amariah Son of Joseph 

Sawyer Baptized per Mr. Rice. 
Nov. 3 Ethon son of Norman Sever Baptized. 
Nov. 3 Lucy daughter of Berzeliel lilaynard baptized. 
Nov. 30 Sarah Beaman & Mary Morse admitted to fuU Comn. 
Dec. 1 Le\'i Son of Asa Harris & Phinehas son of Berzell. How Baptized. 

Mar. 3 Persis daughter of Jonas Temple & Nahum Son of Lot Houghton 

Baptized. , 
Apr. 9 Willm Dinsmore admitted to full Comn. and Bulah Lee . . . 

Reed. Baptism for her Son Benoni. 
Apr. Abigail daughter of Silas How Baptized. 

Apr. Joseph Son of Charles Biglo Baptized. 

May 4 Zenobia daughter of Jotham Flagg Baptized. 
May 23 Son of James Goodnough & Abigail Daughter of Da%'id 

Hastings Baptized. 
June 8 Dorcas daughter of Nathall Davenport Baptized. 
June 15 Lucy daughter of Micah Hathem Baptized. 

Aug. 14 !Martha daughter of Revd. James Welman Baptized per Revd. 

May 25 Joshua Son of the Revd. James Welman Baptized per ye Revd. 

James Welman. 
June 22 Jemima Mahawny . . . received Baptism for her Daughter 















Mar. 22 

I - 1923] Church Records of Shrewsbury, Mass. 29 

\ Item Lucena & Sophia daughters of Antipas Bouker were Baptized. 

{ Nov. 9 Isaac Stone and Rachel his wife admitted to full Communion & 

I Received baptism for Esther yr daughter. Lucy daughter of 

i Jonah Goodenouh baptized. 

I Nov, 19 Stephen Bigham & Jemime his wife admitted to full Comm. & 

■■ Received Baptism for Patte yr daugher. Item Manasseh Bixby 

] & wife . . . owned the Covenant of this Chh & Received 

f baptism for Manassah yr Son. WiUm Crawford recived baptism 

I for their Son James. 

s * * * 

Jotham Son of Robert Andrews baptized. . . . 

John Glazier & Sarah his wife . . . owned the Covenant of this 

Jotham Son of Jotham Flagg baptized. 
Hanah Whitemore owned ye Covenant & was baptized. 
Eliakim Son of Joseph Glazier baptized. 
Loami Son of Ephm. Temple baptized in private. . . . 
Aaron Temple and his wife owned ye Govt and received Baptism 

for Elizabeth their daughter, 

* * * 

May 31 Alpheus son of Jonathan Cutting baptized. 

* * * 

June 21 Bette daughter of Ezra Beaman Baptized. 
July 5 Fortunatus Son of Nathan Eager & Daniel Son of Norman Sever 

* :)< :» 

July 30 John & Betty child of Jona. Gale & Jacob son of Benja. Hinds 


* * * 

Sept. 13 Elnathan Son of Amariah Biglo baptized. 

Oct. 4 WiUiam Son of Joseph Morse, Louis daughter of Abel Holt and 

Unice his Wife (Who this day owned ye Covenant) baptized. 

Also Lorana a Black Child Liveing with Danll. Abbut, Junr., 

. . , baptized upon the footing of his wifes Covenant Relation. 
Oct, 26 Bette daughter of Isaac Stone baptized. 
Nov. 3 Lydia daughter of Zechariah Eager baptized. 
Nov. 11 Asa son of Asa Harris baptized. 
Nov. 30 John Dinsmore & Sarah his wife owned ye Covenant & Reed. 

Baptism for Sarah jt daughter. Also Epm Son of Silas How 

Feb. 21 Samuel Son of Micah Hathern baptized. 
Mar. 27 Ebur Son of Antipas Bouker baptized. 
Apr. 10 Jane daughter of Willm Crawford baptized. 
Apr. 24 Jonas Goodenow and Mary his wife reed to full Comm. and Elijah 

yi- Son baptized. 
May 14 Lucy daughter of Barzel. Maynard baptized. 
June 5 Lucretia daughter of Stephen Flagg, Bette daughter of Cyprian 

Keyes, Simeon Son of Zebulun Rice, Benjamin Son of Mrs. 

Winch baptized. 
June daughter of Jonth. Green baptized. 

Aug. 20 Tamar daughter of Ephm. Beaman baptized. 
Aug. 28 Henry Son of Simeon Keyes baptized. 
Oct. 23 David Son of Thomas Keyes baptized. 
Oct. 29 Rebeccah daughter of Jotham Flagg baptized. 

30 Church Records of Shrewsbury, Mass. [Jan. 

Nov. 6 Annise daughter of Josph. Biglo, Junr., Baptized. 

Jan. 15 Isaac Bernard Esqr. & John Holland and their wives admitted 

to full Comn. with this Chh upon a Recommendation of an 

Ecclesiastical Council at Sutton. 
Mar. 5 Lucy daughter of Josa. Townsend baptized. 
Apr. 4 W illm Son of Wm. Dinsmore baptized. 
Apr. 11 Ezekiel Son of Danll Ball baptized. 
Apr. 30 Timothy Whitney and wife . . . owned the Covenant & received 

Baptism for Lucy their daughter. 
May The wife of Mr. March of Sutton received to the Comn. of 

this Chh from Sutton 2d. Chh upon the recommendation of an 

Ecclesiastical Coimcil. 
July 9 Sylvanus Son of Ira Dinsmere baptized per Revd. Whitney of 

Sept. 17 Daniel Son of Jonas Ward, Joseph Son of Zebulun Rice, and 

Amherst Son of Daniel Child Baptized. 
Oct. Edmund Son of Mr. Stephen Brigham baptized. 

if * * 

Oct.* 25 Phebe Keyes, Lydia Keyes admitted to full Comn. 
Nov. 2 Isaac Mimroe & Jacob Alunro baptized. 
Nov. 9 Submit Keyes & Sarah Keyes received to full Comn. 
Dec. 30 Amsden Gale owned ye Covt. & was Baptized. 

Feb. 8 Lucy daughter of Micah Hathem baptizd. 
Apr.' 8 John Morse and Elizabeth his wife owned the Covenant & Received 

Baptism for EKzabeth >t daughter. 
Apr. 22 Aaron Goodale & wife owned the Covenant and received Baptism 

for their oldest Child. 
Apr. 29 Timothy Temple and his wife owned the Covenant and received 

Baptism for Pama their daughter. 
May 6 Joseph Bixby and . . . owned the Covenant & received baptism 

for their oldest daughter. 
May 6 Solomon Houghton received baptism for his daughter. 
Item Cyprian Keyes, Junr., received baptism for Lucy their daughter. 
May 13 Benja. Hind received baptism for his daughter. 
June 3 Nathal. Davenport received Baptism for Dolly his daughter. 
July 15 Joel Son of Benj. Keyes baptized. 
Aug. 5 Patience Goss . . . owned ye Covnt. & Received Baptism for 

Benoni her Sone. 
Item Samll. Blocket and Lydia his wife owned ye Covn. and Reed. 

baptism for Catherine their daughter. ^ 
Sept. 3 Aaron Son of Adonijah Rice baptized. 
Sept. 18 Nathan Pike & wife owned ye Covt. & received baptm. for Samuel 

their Son. 
Sept. 30 Baptized daughter of Lieut. Fletcher and Lucey daughter 

of Parks of New Fane. 

Oct. 7 Baptized Gershom Son of Stephen Flagg. Item Levi the Son of 

William Crawford. 
Oct. 21 John Bixby & his wife admitted to Covt. & to Rece Baptism 

their Son. 
Nov. 6 Josiah Cutting & his Wife admitted to Covt & Reed Baptism for 

Joel their Son. Also Soil Son of Jotham Flagg Baptized. 
Item Sally How admitted to fuU Comn. 

♦In the original manuscript "Sep" ia written above " Octob," and the last two letters of "Ootob* 
have been crossed out. 

Dec. 4 

Feb. 3 

Mar. 23 
Apr. 6 
Aug. 2 





Jan. 12 



1923] Church Records of Shrewsbury, Mass. 31 

Dec. 9 Lucy daughter of Aaron Goodell Baptized. Item David Son of 

Mrs. Kimball. 
Voted a letter of Recomendation of Ephm Allen to ye Chh in 

Phebe daughter of Jonathan Green baptized pr Dom. Hutchinson. 

James Winch and Sarah his wife admitted to full Comn. Axah 

their daughter baptized. 
Benjamin Son of Zebulun Rice baptized. 
Son of John Dunsmore baptized. 
Amity daughter of Jonn. Fasset Baptized. 
Daniel Whitney admitted to full Comn. 
Lewis Son of John Glazier & Axa daughter of Josa. Townsend 

Elijah Bail and Wife admitted to full Com. 
MoUe daughter of Stanton Carter baptized. 
EUzabeth Temple reced to fuU Comn. 
Josp. Dinsmore & wife owned ye Covt. & receved Bapt for Annise 

their daughter. 

Robert Andrews, Junr., & wife reed to full Comm. and Recevd 

Baptism for 
Martha daughter of Jotham Bush baptized. 
Unice daughter of Micah Hathem, Annise daughter of Ebenr. 

Pike, Sally daughter of Stephen Brigham baptizd. 
May 3 Unice daughter of Josp. Biglo, Junr., Henry Son of Fredrick 

Abbut, PrescUla daughter of Josp. Bixby, and Rhoda daughter 

of Willm Win baptized. 
Item Willm Win & wife . . . owned the Covt. 
May 10 Lucy Keyes admitted to full Comn. Abm Gale & wife owned ye 

Covent. and received baptizm for Mary their daughter. 
June 20 Jacob[?] Pike & wife . . . were admitted to Covn. Item Thoms 

Blocket & wife & received baptm for yr Children. 
July 5 Olive daughter of Jos. Dinsmore baptized. 
July 13 Jonas Richardson & wife admitted to full Conm. 
Sept. 8 Tamar daughter of Silas How baptized. 
Sept. 13 Samuel Son of Jotham Flagg, Annise daughter of Soln Houghton, 

and Azuba daughter of Jonas Richardson baptized. Also 

Voted a letter of Recomion of Benj Biglo and wife to the Chh 

in Worthington. 

1773 • 

Jan. 24 Unice & daughters of Josiah Cutting Baptized. 

Feb. 14 Shepherd Son of Adonijah Rice baptized. 
Feb. 21 John Son of John Morse Baptized. 

* * * 

Nov. 28 Phenehas Haywood and wife made a profession of the Christion 

Religion & received Baptizm for their Child. 
Dec. 12 Dudley Bradstreet Son of David Andrews baptized. 

Jan. 16 Elizabeth daughter of Jonn. Fasset Baptized. 
Feb. Unice daughter of Ezra Beaman baptized. 

Mar. 13 Jonas Whitney and Wife made a profession of the Christian 

Apr. 3 Polly daughter of Jonas Ward baptized per D Whitney. 
Apr. 26 ThankfuU daughter of Jotham Flagg baptized. 

32 Church Records of Shrewsbury, Mass. [Jan. 

May 22 John Son of Abraham Gale baptized. 

July Thanael Son of David Cutting Baptized. 

Sept. 18 Mary daughter of John Bixby baptized. 

Sept. 25 Henry Son of Jonathan Hastings baptized. 

Oct. 23 Son of Joseph Bixby & Meriam daughter of Capt. Josh. 

Biglo Baptized. 
Nov. 6 Solomon Son of Charles Biglow baptized. 
Dec. 4 Sally daughter of Sol Houghton Baptized. 

Sept. James Son of Charles Biglo baptized. 

Aug. Mary daughter of Willm Crawford baptized. 

Aug. 11 Mary daughter of Charles Biglo baptized. *■ 

Sept. John Son of Charles Biglo baptized. 

Apr. 20 Jotham Bush and Mary his wife made profession of the Christian 
Religion and put themselves under the Bonds of the Chh 
Covenant and received Baptism for Mary their daughter. 
Apr. 19 Jemima Hallowell daughter to Jothm Bush baptized. 

Apr. 19 Polly Jenings made a profession of the Christian Religion and 

was Baptized. 
June 18 James Wite[?] made a profession of the Christian Religion and 

was baptized. 
Aug. 13 Le\'i Bush and Patte his wife made a profession of the Christian 
Religion and received baptism for Abigail Wilder their daughter. 
Lucy Fish owned the Covent. Lucy her daughter bapt. Silas 
Beaman and Persis his wife made a profession of Religion. 
Jemima daughter of Jotham Bush baptized. 
Patte daughter of Levi Bush baptized. 
Aug. Charity daughter of Levi Bush baptized. 

Ninety-five marriages, fromJNIar. 26, 1744, to Apr. 2, 1791, inclusive, 
are entered in the book from which the records given above have 
been copied; but, as has been stated above (page 18), only those 
marriages (thirty-two in number) are reproduced here which are 
not included in the printed Vital Records of Shrewsbury or which 
differ materially from the corresponding entries in that volume. 

Nov. 18, 1747 Benjam. Hinds Married to Elizabeth Temple. 

July 12, 1757 Ephraim Allen Married to widdow Huldah Chestnut. 

Feb. 28, 1758 William Crawfford married To Mary Dunsmore. 

Apr. 25, 1758 Silas Whitney married to Jane Pearson. 

Jan. 18, 1759 Thomas Willard married to Elis Davenport. 

Nov. 8, 1759 William Goss married to Widow Pike. 

Nov. 20, [1760] Henry Rice married to Sarah Boynton. 

Apr. 1, 1762 Eli Kej-es married to Hannah How. 

Apr. 24, 1762 John Britain married to Esther Newton. 

May 18, 1762 Solomon Newton married to Hannah Hastings. 

May 25, 1762 John Hastings married to Betty How. 

May 27, [1762] Artemas Ma3mard married to Meriam Keyes. 

Feb. 23, 1764 Nathanael Davenport Married to Tamar Aloore. 

May 29, [1764] Ephraim Beaman ^Married to Tamar How. 



I 1923] Church Records of Shrewsbury, Mass. 33 

i ' 

I Aug. 7, 1764 Richard Stanford married to Elizabeth Winch. 

I Sept. 19, 1769 Josiah Cutting married to Persis Glazier. 

I Oct. 5, 1770 Joseph Dyar of New Fane married to Susannah Holbrook. 

I Item Benjamin Skeel and Sarah How of Townsend. , 

I Dec. 24, 1770 Stephen Bass married to Phebe Keyes. 

I Dec. 11, 1771 William Win married to Anna Briard. 

I Jan. 14, 1773 Jonas Bennet Married to Mary Williams[?]. 

i Jan. 14,*1773 David Bennet Married to Persis Cutting. 

I Sept. 26, 1773 Phinehas Smith married to Esher Green, new Fane. 

f May 24, 1774 Thomas Clark married to Catherine Ward. 

j Item Warren Smith married to Catherine Keyes. 

I Dec. 8, 1774 John Powers married to Anna Stacy. 

! Feb. 17, 1775 Thomas Richardson married to Refief Biglo. 

-[ Apr. 26, 1779 Edward Raymond married to Wdw Hepsibeth Bush. 

'[ ■ Feb. 22, 1786 Isaac Jennings Married to Thankfull Oaks. 

'■ June 22, 1786 Amherst Morse married to Asuba Fisk.f 

Jan. 18, 1791 Mr. Henry Smith married to Molly Fuller.^ 

Apr. 2 Mr. Jason Abbot married to Miss Mary Morse. § 

The church book contains also the following family record, written 
apparently (except some of the death entries) by Rev. Ebenezer 
Morse. It has been copied verbatim from the original record. 

i I Ebener Morse Bom March 2 1718 0. S 

I ' Persis my wife bom April 22 1727 

Married Octob 23 1745 0. Stile 
I Persis my wife died May 6 1788 New Stile 

\ Revd Ebenr Morse Died the 3d Day Jany 1802 New Stile Aged. 84 

I years 

I John my Son bom July 15th 1746 

.? Mary my daughter bom 24 of Decembr. 1747 & died March 26 17[wom] 

\ EUakim my Son bom April 7th. 1750 Died Feb 27th. 1758 

Joshua my Son bom April 8th 1752 

Ebenezer bom June 11 & Died 28 of July 1754 

Ebenezer the Second bom July 10th 1755 

Joseph bom Jan 3 1757 and died Sepr 20 1779 

Eliakim ye 2d bom Feb 14 1759 died 9 Jany 1859 1[ 

Amherst born Nov 11th 1760 

Anis bom May 19 1764 died 27 Jany 1845 

Mary my daughter bom Augt. 12 1767 and died 28th August 1843 

*"Jan. 14" written above "Feb. 24," which hag been crossed out. 

tin the printed Vital Records of Boykton, under the name Morse, is given the marriage of 
Amherst Morse and Azubath Fish or Fisher, May 15, 1786; under the name Fish (or Fisher) is 
given the publishment of Azubah and Amherst Morse, May 15, 1786. 

JThis marriage is given in the printed Vital Records of Boylston. 

{The date of this marriage is given in the printed Vital Records of Boylston and in the Morse 
Genealogy as April 2, 1797. In the record given in this article this marriage immediately follows 
the marriage of Mr. Henry Smith and Molly Fuller, but no year is given. 

TThis death record is written in pencil. 

34 Descendants of Philip Gavet ' [Jan. 




By Joseph Gavit of Albany, N.Y. 

The immigrant ancestor in New England of the family which 
forms the subject of this article was of French origin, and came to 
this country, towards the middle of the seventeenth century, from 
the Island of Jersey, one of the Channel Islands, off the northern 
coast of France. These islands have belonged to England for many 
centuries, being the only part of the former Duchy of Normandy 
which remained under the rule of the Enghsh kings after the close 
of the Hundred Years' War. The population of the islands, however, 
is largely French, from Brittany, Artois, and other ancient provinces 
of northern France. There is a tradition that in the old church of 
St. Saviour, in Jersey, there are records of this family that date 
back into the twelfth century. There are Gavets in France to-day, 
and writings by members of the family are listed in the catalogue 
of the Bibliotheque Nationale. In J. B. Rietstap's "Armorial 
G6n6ral," second edition, Gouda, 1884, vol. 1, page 750, is the 
following description of a Gavet coat of arms: 

"Gavet ou Gawet — Angl., Art., Bret* D'arg, a une tour de gu., surm. 
d'une rose du meme, et accostee de deux rats de sa., poses debout, les queues 
se croisant au-dessous de la tour." 

The spelling of the surname has varied at different times and in 
different branches of the family. Philip, the immigrant ancestor in 
New England, and his descendants at Salem generally used the 
form Gavet or Gavett, but the compUer of this genealogy spells the 
name Gdvit, although of the same Salem line. Ezekiel, the progenitor 
of the Westerly (R. I.) branch of the family, signed his wUl as Gaidt, 
but in deeds to him from Oliver Ring and Charles Ninegret the 
surname is spelled Gavett. Gavett and Gavitt have been used by the 
Westerly descendants, and another form of the name is Gavitte. 
Various immigrants of the name have arrived in America since the 
coming of the ancestor of the Safem family, and one branch of these 
immigrants has changed the speUing to Gavey, to retain the French 

According to the family Bible of Joseph^ Gavet (vide infra, 4), 
as quoted by the late WUliam Fobes Gavet (55) of Salem, his descend- 
ant, in whose possession the Bible was at that time, the immigrant 
ancestor of the Salem family was Phihppe Gavet, who was born in 
the Island of Jersey 2 May 1631, arrived in Massachusetts in 1647, 
and married at the age of twenty-four, that is, about 1655. But the 
four children mentioned in this Bible were the children of Philip 
Gavett and Hannah Macchone, who were married at Marblehead, 
Mass., 6 Sept. 1681. This may be a second marriage of the immigrant 

♦The words in italics are abbreviations of Angleterre, Artois, Bretagne, that is, England, Artois, 

1923] Descendants of Philip Gavel 35 


I of 1647; but, when it is considered that Joseph, the youngest child 

i of this marriage, was born 22 Dec. 1699, that the mother, Hannah, 

[ was born 31 Oct. 1659 and died 1 Dec. 1713, and that after her 

f death her husband, Phihp, removed to Westerly, R. I., and built 

I a house, being then, if he was the immigrant of 1647, about eighty- 

I three years old, it seems likely that the Phihp who married Hannah 

I Macchone was not the immigrant of 1647, but may have been his 

J son. In that case, perhaps Katherine Gavet, who was married at 

I Newbmy, Mass., 5 or 8 Apr. 1677, to Job Pilsbury,* and John Gavitt, 

I who married Sarah and whose daughter was born at Newport, 

i R. I., 14 Sept. 1699, were also children of the first "Philippe." 

Joseph's family Bible gives no particulars regarding his parents, 

as such. 

The following genealogy begins with the PhUip Gavet who married 

Hannah Macchone, and leaves unsettled the question whether he 

was identical with the immigrant of 1647. 

1. Philip^ Gavet, of Marblehead and Salem, Mass., died in 
Rhode Island not earUer than 1714. He married at Marblehead, 
6 Sept. 1681, Hannah Macchone, born at Cambridge, Mass. 
(where she is recorded as. Hannah Macoone), 31 Oct. 1659 and 
baptized in the First Church there 19 July 1663, died at Salem 
1 Dec. 1713, daughter of John and Deborah (Bush) Macoone. 

! Hannah Gavet, wife of Phihp, being "a child of the Church at 

I Cambridge," was propounded and admitted to the First Church of . 

I Salem 21 June 1696, and was admitted to fuU communion 6 Nov. 

I 1698. Her six children were baptized in that church 21 June 1696. 

• There was in existence, a few years ago, a translation by Phihp 

Gavet of Charles Drelincourt's "Consolations de Tame fidele centre 
les frayeurs de la mort," from an edition published in Paris in 1669. 
WiUiam Bentley (cf. his Diary, vol. 3, pp. 332-333) saw this trans- 
lation in Dec. 1807, in the hands of William^ Gavet (28), in Salem . 
"The handwriting," writes Bentley, "is uncommonly clear & 
almost easy to read as print. The lines are at proper distance & 
the titles & margins & notes of the pages are preserved as in the 
printed copy." This relic, undoubtedly the work of Philip Gavet 
the immigrant, was, when last heard of, in the possession of Louis 
Fobes^ Gavet of Salem, son of the late William Fobes^ Gavet (55), 
who had also a carpenter's plane stamped "P. G." 

The following letter from Philip Ga^-et to his son Ezekiel of 
Westerly, R. L, was copied from the original manuscript, which in 
1909 was temporarily in the hands of the compiler of this article. 
The handwriting, like that of the translation of Drelincom-t's "Con- 
solations," is "uncommonly clear," and somewhat too steady for a 
man in his eighties. 

"v/ritten the 7th of December 1713 
"My deare Son Ezekiel 

"These few sad lines will give you to understand that youre deere Mother 
is dead, She was taken very sick the last thirsday of November, and diyed 

*Job Pilsbury died 10 Sept. 1716, and "Katbereen" Pilsbury, widow, died 1 Sept. 1718. 
(Newbury Vital Records.) 


36 Descendants of Philip Gavet [Jan 

the first day of December bettweene eight of the clock, and nine, in the 
Morning else I thank God we are all well at present. If you are willing to 
be a helpe to me to transport me, and my tools, and bedin and such things 
as we have next April, or May, next insueing I shall indeavor to be ready 
for your coming then, and if it sute you after planting time, well, with a 
small sloop if you could conveniently. And if you could not conveniently 
with a Sloope let it be with a horse-carte; and if will com with a horse-carte 
you must bring two horses with you heither for I Shall have then a horse- 
carte of my own for I am a making of one and wee shall in they two carts 
carry my beds,- and as many tools as shall make our Casse of Draws and also 
prepare som place somthing sutable that we may sett ourselves to work as 
soon as we are com the Goodness of God being plaised to keepe us in health 
as for the rest of things I can get som friend to secure them for me against 
another comming for them were it at the end of two monts after or were it 
against the next spring com twelve monts. How ever contrive about it as 
you will and as you can and send me an Answer by the next post, you must 
post-pay this letter, and I will post pay yours only remember to make your 
superscription Thus To my beloved father Philip Gavet in Salem, to be 
delivere to him with haste. Then I shall know what you will do. For when 
I see ye word father on the latter I shall know of certainty that it corns 
from you, and so I resolve to post pay it so fare-well from your father 

"Phihp Gavet" 
"To My beloved Son Ezekiel Gavet I hope living at Westerly in Narra- 
sainset to be delivered to him with all the speed 

"Sal 9" 

According to a letter from Mrs. W. S. Gavitt of Ocean View, 

Washington Co., R. I., dated 12 Feb. 1882, Philip Gavet carried 

out the plan proposed in his letter of 7 Dec. 1713, removed to Rhode 

Island, and, with his son Ezekiel, buUt a house "on the Post Road 

from Newport to New London," on the site of which I\Irs. Ga\'itt 

was living when she wrote and where she says that Philip died. 

Doubtless he is buried in one of the unmarked graves in "Gavitt 

ground (4)," mentioned by Denison in "Westerly and its Witnesses." 

Children : 

i. Elizabeth,* b. at Marblehead 18 July 1682; bapt. at Salem 21 June 

1696; perhaps the Elizabeth Gavit who m. in Boston, Mass., 

28 May 1723, Mathew Delawat or Dellaway. 

2. ii. Ezekiel, b. at Marblehead 25 Dec. 1683; bapt. at Salem 21 June 

iii. Samuel, bapt. at Salem 21 June 1696. 
iv. Philip, bapt. at Salem 21 'June 1696. 

3. v. John, bapt. at Salem 21 June 1696. 

,vi. Hannah, bapt. at Salem 21 June 1696; perhaps the Hannah Gavett 
who m. in Boston, 14 Aug. 1740, Tho.mas Dillehat. 

4. vii. Joseph, b. at Salem 22 Dec. 1699; bapt. there 5 Mar. 1699 [1699/ 


2. Dea. Ezekiel^ Gavit (Philip^), of Westerly, R. I., yeoman, 
born at Marblehead, Mass., 25 Dec. 1683 and baptized at 
Salem, Mass., 21 June 1696,. died between 13 May 1752, when 
he made his will, and 25 I\Iar. 1754, when his will was proved. 
He married at Westerly, 22 Apr. 1704, Hannah Wilcox, 
born 4 Oct. 1689, li^dng 13 May 1752, daughter of Edward. 
Ezekiel Gavit removed to Westerly about 1700, and was. 

1923] Descendanis of PhUip Gavet 37 

admitted a freeman 30 Apr. 1723. He appears to have been 
prominent in the Presbyterian Church, and to have acquired 
a considerable property. He is called "Joyner" in a deed 
dated 11 Apr. 1726 and acknowledged the same day, by which 
Oliver Ringe of New Shoreham "aUias Block Island In the 
Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantation In New 
England Ship Carpenter and Mary Ringe," his wife, in con- 
sideration of £87. 8s., current money of New England, convey 
to him 150 acres of land, more or less, in the town of Westerly 
(Westerly Land Records, book 4, fo. 97). He is called "Yeo- 
man" in a deed dated 24 Sept. 1731 and acknowledged the 
same day, by which Charles Ninegret of Westerly, "Chief 
i . • Sachem of the Narragansett Country," in consideration of 

i £20, current money of New England, conveys to him his 

: interest in a tract of land in Westerly (ib., book 5, pages 309- 


In his will, dated 13 May 1752 and proved 25 Mar. 1754, 

; Ezekiel Gavit of Westerly, yeoman, bequeaths to his daughter 

i Mary Lewis 5s., old tenor; to his daughter Hannah Case 5s., 

] old tenor; to his daughter Thankful Gavit a bed and furniture; 

[ to his daughter Prudence French 5s., old tenor; to his daughter 

r Esther Gavit a bed and fiu-niture; to his son Ezekiel Gavit 

I ^ his silver tankard and silver-headed cane, in addition to 

I * previous gifts; to his son Stephen Gavit 5s., old tenor, in 

i addition to previous gifts;* to his sons Samuel Gavit and 

I ■ Joseph Gavit all his homestead farm, to be equally divided 

I between them, and also other lands, the said Samuel to pay 

1 to the testator's son Benajah Gavit, within three years after 

I the testator's decease, £400, " Current Money of New England 

I or In Passable Bills of the old Tenor," and the said Joseph 

' to pay to the testator's son Hezekiah Gavit, within the same 

; time, £400, of the same description; and to his wife Hannah 

Gavit his dwelling house and all his personal estate, "for 

her to Dispose of as She Sees Meet." He appoints as executors 

his wife Hannah Gavit and his son Ezekiel Gavit. The will 

was witnessed by Stephen Willcoeks,! Daniel Saunders, and 

Joseph Crandal, who made oath when the mil was proved. 

• (Westerly Records of Wills, book 4, pages 399-400.) 


i. Makt,3 b. 15 Aug. 1705; living 13 May 1752; m. 10 Oct. 1733 

William Lewis. 
ii. Hannah, b. 28 Feb. 1707/8; living 13 May 1752; m. 3 Dec. 1724 

Immanuel Case. They had issue. 

5. iii. Ezekiel, b. 18 Oct. 1710. 

6. iv. . Samuel, b. 3 May 1712. 

V. John (twin), b. 22 Sept. 1717; probably d. before 13 May 1752. 
vi. Thankful (twin), b. 22 Sept. 1717; U\-ing unm. 13 Mav 1752. 
vii. Prudence, b. 6 July 1720; living 13 May 1752; m. 1 Mar. 1738 

William French. Children: 1. John, b. 15 Nov. 1739. 2. 

Prudence, b. 7 June 1743. 
I .7. viii. Stephen, b. 24 Feb. 1722/3. 

• *In another part of the will it appears that Stephen had received land from his father. 
tStephen Willcocks is called by the testator, in another part of the will, his brother-in-law. 








38 Descendants of Philip Gavet [Jan, 

Joseph, b. 17 Jan. 1724/5. 
Benajah, b. 11 Nov. 1726. 
Hezekiah, b. 9 Sept. 1729. 
Esther, b. 17 Sept. 1732; m. 24 Jan. 1754 Peter Burdick. 

3. John* Gavet (Philip^), of Salem, Mass., baptized at Salem 21 

June 1696, was living 24 June 1754, when he and his wife 
Mary were among the signers of a deed at Salem. He married, 
1 Feb. 1716, Maky Carter, daughter of John and Sarah. 

Children, baptized at Salem : 
i. Mary,3 bapt. 20 Nov. i720; m. 24 Jan. 1747 David Calltjm, b. 
15 Dec. 1700, s. of John and Elizabeth (Beans). 
11. ii. Joseph, bapt. 4 Aug. 1723. 

iii. Sarah, bapt. 9 Apr. 1727; probably d. young, 
iv. Sarah, bapt. 8 June 1729. 
V. John, bapt. 7 Feb. 1730/1. 

4. Joseph'^ Gavet (Philip^), of Salem, Mass., born at Salem 22 Dec. 

1699 and baptized there 5 INIar. 1699/1700, died not earlier 
than 2 Nov. 1764, the date of his will. He married first, 
20 May 1725, Mary Williams, born 19 Dec. 1699, died 11 June 
1743, daughter of Isaac and Mary (Endicot); and secondly, 
4 May 1746, Susannah Carwick, -^adow, who was probably 
buried 7 Mar. 1779.* 
Children by first wife, born at Salem : 

i. John,' b. 11 Mar. 1725/6; d. 14 Mar. 1725/6. 

ii. Joseph, cordwainer, b. 17 Feb. 1726/7. 

12. iii. Samuel, b. 24 Mar. 1728/9. 

13. iv. Jonathan, b. 3 July 1731. 

V. Mart, bapt. 18 Mar. 1732/3; probably d. young. 

Children by second wife: 

vi. Mart, b. 15 Feb. 1746/7; bapt. at Salem 1 Mar. 1746/7; d. in 

14. vii. John, b. 30 Apr. 1751; bapt. at Salem 5 May 1751.t 

5. EzEKiEL^ Gavitt (Ezckiel,^ Philip^), of Westerly, R. I., was bom 

at Westerly 18 Oct. 1710. He married first, at Westerty, 
9 Aug. 1732, Amey Babcock, bom 8 Feb. 1712/13, daughter 
of John and Mary (Champlin); and secondly, 8 May 1763, 
Mary Bryan of Stonington, Conn. 

Children by first -nife: 
i. Elijah,^ b. 28 May 1734; probably d. young, 
ii. John, b. 13 July 1736; m. at Westerly, 19 Apr. 1758, Anna York 

of Charlestown, R. I., b. 7 Apr. 1741, dau. of Stanton. She m. 

(2) 10 Nov. 1779 Amos Chegebrough, s. of .\mos. 

15. iii. WiLLi-VM, b. 11 Nov. 1737. 

iv. Amet, b. 1 Dec. 1739; probablv d. young. 

V. Ezekiel, b. 15 June 1741; d. 12 Sept. 1825; m. at Westerly, 22 Mar. 
1767, Phoebe Babcock, b. 24 July 1748, d. 7 June 1836, dau. of 
Isaac' and Mary (Worden). Child: 1. Hannah,^ b. in 1769; d. 
7 Feb. 1826. 

vi. Han-nah, b. 9 Mar. 1742/3. 

vii. LucT, b. 5 Dec. 1744. 

*"Mar. 7 [1779], Mr. Joseph Gavets mother Burid." (From Gibson Clough's Account-Book, 
Eseex Institute Historical Collections, vol. 15, p. 68.) 

tThis family is recorded in the family Bible of Joseph' Gavet, which is marked "Joseph 
Gavet his Book 1741," and passed into the possession of his son Joseph.' In the record the 
father's sxirname is spelled Gavet and that of the son Gavett. 

1923] Descendants of Philip Gavet 39 

i viii. Elijah, b. 6 Jan. 1746/7. 

I Children by second wife : 

1 ix. Amet, b. 27 July 1764; d. at Dimock, Pa., 17 Aug. 1849; m. 12 Nov. 

I 1780 Isaac Babcock, s. of Isaac' and Mary (Worden). Eleven 

3 children. 

J X. George, b. 28 Oct. 1766; m. 31 Mar. 1788 Rhoda Babcock, dau. 

I of Isaac' and Mary (Worden). She m. (2) 20 Oct. 1816, as his 

'< second wife, Capt. Nathan Pendleton. 

i 6. Samuel' Ga^ttt (Ezekiel,^ Philip^), of Westerly, R. I., was 

f born 3 May 1712. He married Mary . 

• Children: 

16. i. Olivek,* b. at Westerly 11 Feb. 173S. 
ii. Susanah. 

17. iii. Samuel, b. 8 Sept. 1743. 

18. iv. Edward, b. 6 May 1747. 
V. Hannah, b. 17 Aug. 1751. . 

vi. Eunice, b. 3 Aug. 1753; m. 9 Apr. 1798 William Thompson. 
vii. Vashti, b. 4 Sept. 1755; m. 12 Aug. 1784 George Bliven, b. 16 
Sept. 1759, s. of Edward and Arm. 

7. Stephen' Gavitt (Ezekiel,^ Philip^), of Westerly, R. L, was 
bom 24 Feb. 1722/3. He married first, at Jamestown, R. I., 
24 Jan. 1741/2, Mary Thomas of Newport, R. I.; secondly, 
i > at Westerly, 11 May 1775, Mercy West; and thirdly Sallie 

I ' Crandall of Hopkinton City, R. I. 

Children by firat wife: 
i. Mart,* b. 14 Aug. 1744. 

19. ii. ■ George, b. 21 Nov. 1745. 

iii. Thankful, b. 15 Oct. 1754; m. 25 Jan. 1779 Oliver Champlin, 
b. 17 Mar. 1761, s. of Samuel. Children: 1. John, U 10 Aug. 
1780. 2. Aiby, h. 15 Aug. 1783. 

20. iv. IsATAH, b. in 1760. 

V. Stephen, m. (1) in Oct. 1785 Mart Lewis; m. (2) 29 Sept. 1800 
Esther (Pendleton) Eldridge, widow. Child by firat wife: 
1. Stephen,^ b. 5 Feb. 1790. 

vi. Mollt, d. unin. 

vii. ELezekiah. 

yiii. Ltdia, d. unm. 

ix. Prudence, d. unm. 

X. Hannah, d. unm. 

Children by second wife : 
xi. Betset, b. 27 Aug. 1775. 
xii. Martha, b. 13 Feb. 1778. 

Children by third wife : 

xiii. Welles, a deaf mute, m. 30 Dec. 1826 Eunice Lamphier. 

xiv. Paul, d. at the age of 17. 

XV. Joshua. 

xvi. David, m. 21 Dec. 1823 Martha Hall. 

xvii. Nanct, m. 7 July 1813 James E. Williams of Montville, Conn. 

21. xyiii. Richmond, b. 22 Apr. 1796, 
xix. LiBEUs, d. unm. 

XX. Martha, m. Abel Main. 

8.. Joseph' Gavitt {Ezehiel,'^ Philip^), of Westerly, R, I., born 
17 Jan. 1724/5, died 22 Sept. 1815. He married first Thankful 

40 Descendants of Philip Gavet [Jan. 

Ross; and secondly, 1 Oct. 1780, Sarah Edwards, bom in 
1740, died 29 Mar. 1833. 
Children by first wife: 

22. i. JoHN,< b. 13 July 1744. 

ii. Mabjoey, b. 4 Sept. 1746; d. 14 Aug. 1821; m. at Westerly, 1 Oct. 

1770, her first cousin, Olivek^ Gattitt (16), q.v., s. of Saipuel' 

and Mary, 
iii. Joseph, b. 13 May 1749; perhaps the Joseph Gavitt who m. 29 Jan. 

1797 Mrs. Lydia Cxilver of Preston, Conn, 
iv. Phallet, b. 13 May 1752; m. 7 Nov. 1776 Elias Cotteell. 

23. V. Sanford, b. 28 June 1760. 
vi. Samuel, b. 29 Mar. 1763. 
vii. Mart, b. 1 Jan. 1768. 

Children by second wife: 
viii, Sarah, b. 20 Nov. 1781. 
ix. Thankful, b. 3 July 1785. 

9. Benajah^ Gavitt (Ezekiel,"^ Philip^), of Westerly, R. I., was 
born 11 Nov. 1726. He married, 7 Sept. 1746, Lois Pendleton, 
born 22 Aug. 1728, daughter of John and Sarah. 

24. i. Sylvester,* b. in 1755. 
ii. Stlvli, m. Soper. 

10. Hezekiah' Gavitt {Ezekiel,^ Philip^), of Westerly, R. I., .was 

born 9 Sept. 1729. He married 

Children : 

i. Dinah,* m. 6 Dec. 1787 Arnold Crandall, b. 24 Oct. 1760. Four 

ii.t Prudence, m. 4 Aug. 1778 Henry Babcx)CK, b. 23 June 1757, s. of 
James and Mary. Child: 1. Asa, b. 26 Apr. 1786; m. at Westerly, 
12 Sept. 1813, his second cousin, Mary' Gavitt (19, vii), b. 16 
Mar. 1787, d. at Churchville, N. Y., 21 Aug. 1857, dau. of George* 
and Abigail (Hiscox). 

11. Joseph' Gavet (John,"^ Philip^), of Salem, Mass., was baptized 

at Salem 4 Aug. 1723. He married at Beverly, Mass., 28 Feb. 
. 1750/1, LucT Cresst of Salem, baptized at Beverly 30 Nov, 
1729, daughter of Job and Rebekah (Diamond) of Beverly. 

Children, baptized at Salem: 
i. John,* bapt. 7 Nov. 1756 (perhaps the John mentioned in the 

History of the Essex Lodge of Freemasons as "born 1752"); 

d. 2 June 1784; m. (1) 23 Dec. 1780 Elizabeth Peters; m. (2) 

at Salem, 8 June 1783, Mary Symonds. 
ii. Lucy, bapt. 7 Nov. 1756; m. (1) at Beverly, 6 Dec. 1770, Daniel 

Woodman of Salem, bapt. there 8 Oct. 1749, s. of Benjamin and 

Lydia; m. (2) 1 Dec. 1808 Capt. Robert Foster, b. at Salem 

11 Mar. 1741/2, d. in Aug. 1814. 
iii. Bethiah, bapt. 5 Dec. 1756; m. 23 Apr. 1780 John McNeal. 
iv. Sarah, bapt. 15 June 1760. 
V. LucRECE, bapt. 13 Feb. 1763. 

vi. Mary, bapt. 5 Jan. 1766; m. at Salem, 23 Sept. 1792, Amos Towne. 
yii. Eunice, bapt. 3 June 1770; m. 16 Apr. 1787 William Deadman. 

12. Samuel^ Gavet (Joseph,^ Philip^), of Salem, Mass., mariner, 

was bom at Salem 24 Mar. 1728/9. He married at Salem, 
21 July 1751, Ann Whittemore. 











1923] Descendants of Philip Gavet 41 

The following were probably their children: 

25. i. Chables.* 

26. ii. John, b. at Salem about 1762. 

13. Jonathan' Gavet (Joseph,'^ Philip^), of Salem, Mass., cabinet 
maker and turner, born at Salem 3 July 1731, died there 
31 July 1806. He married at Salem, 22 Sept. 1754, Sarah 

He was one of the proprietors of the first house of the North 
Chiu-ch, Salem. 

A CHILD,* d. in infancy. 
A CHILD, d. in infancy. 
A CHILD, d. in infancy. 
Sarah, bapt. at Salem 24 Jan. 1773, aged. 13 years; m. (1) 11 Oct. 

1781 John Crane; m. (2) 22 Dec. 1803 Zecheriah Marston. 
Jonathan, bapt. at Salem 24 Jan. 1773, aged 11 years. 
Joseph, bapt. at Salem 24 Jan. 1773, aged 8 years; killed by a 
sentry at the Portsmouth (N. H.) Navy Yard 20 Mar. 1814; 
m. 17 Nov. 1802 Betsey Frederick of Rockingham, N. H. 
Two children. 

. — WiLLLAM, b. at Salem 2 Jan. 1767. 

I viii. Mart, b. 31 Oct. 1768; bapt. at Salem 24 Jan. 1773, aged 4 years; 

d. 13 Dec. 1849. 
ix. Elizabeth, bapt. at Salem 24 Jan. 1773, aged 2 years; d. 20 Jan. 
1820; probably the Elizabeth who m. 21 Jan. 1803 John Cab- 
X. Deliverance, bapt. at Salem 20 Oct. 1776; d. 14 Nov. 1835; m. 
9 Oct. 1808 Ambrose Courtis. 

14. John' Gavet (Joseph,'^ Philip^), bom 30 Apr. 1751 and baptized 
at Salem, Mass., 5 May 1751, died in Aug. 1807. He married, 
9 Mar. 1777, Susannah Hill of Stoneham, Mass., who died 
in 1807. 

Children : 

James,* b. 15 Mar. 1777. 

Joseph, b. at Salem 22 Apr. 1778. 

Mart, b. 19 Nov. 1779; m. 19 Oct. 1806 Jeremiah M. Shute. 

Susannah, b. 28 May 1781; d. 10 July 1852; m. 8 Nov. 1800 Michael 

Veal. Six children. 
John, b. 8 Jan. 1783; d. at sea. 

Jonathan, b. 23 May 1785; said to have m. Vanderpoel. 

Abigail, b. 1 Sept. 1787; m. 5 Feb. 1809 Robert Phippen. 
Samuel, b. 17 Dec. 1789; d. 20 Nov. 1824; m. 23 May 1814 Hannah 

Gardner, sister of Nancy Gardner of Salem, N. H., the wife of 

his brother Joseph (30). Hannah (Gardner) Gavet m. (2) her 

husband's brother, Philip Gavet. 
ix. Edward, b. 26 Feb. 1793; d. 11 Apr. 1822; m. Ruth Wallace, who 

m. (2) 9 Jan. 1827, as his second wife, Philip Gavet, brother 

of Edward. Child: 1. Charles Henry,'' bapt. at Salem 24 May 

X. WiLLLAM, b. 10 Mar. 1794; d. at Newport, R. I., 11 Nov. 1865; m. 

at Marblehead, Mass., 3 June 1821, being then of Salem, Mass., 

Sarah Doliber.* 
xi. Sallt, b. 23 Sept. 1795; m. (1) Gavet; m. (2) 20 Apr. 1830 

(intention recorded at Stoneham, 21 Mar. 1830) Alansen 

Noble of Stoneham. 
xii. Elizabeth, b. 30 Jan. 1797; m. 20 Feb. 1828 James H. Phippen. 

*Their adopted child, Hannah, was baptized at Salem 7 Oct. 1821. 











42 Descendants of Philip Gavel [Jan. 

xiii. Philip, b. 19 July 1799; d. at NewBurj^port, Mass., 19 Oct. 1876; 
m. (1) Hannah (Gaednee) Gavet, widow of his brother Samuel; 
m. (2) 9 Jan. 1827 Ruth (Wallace) Gavet, widow of his brother 
Edward; m. (3) 19 Dec. 1867 Lucy Thuhston, widow. One 
daughter by second wife. 

15. William* Gavitt {Ezekiel,^ Ezekiel,"^ Philip'^), of Westerly, R. I.,- 

was born 11 Nov. 1737. He married at Westerly, 19 May 
1760, Anna (Slocum?) Gavitt, who died 22 Oct. 1817, aged 76. 

i. Anna,' b. 29 Dec. 1761; m. (1) at Westerly, 15 Mar. 1778, John 
Pbentice* Babcock, b. at Westerly 4 Oct. 1750, killed at the 
Battle of Mystic (Fort Griswold, Conn.) 6 Sept. 1781, s. of 
Isaac' and Mary (Worden); m. (2) 13 Dec. 1782 Aaeon^ Fish, 
b. at Groton, Conn., 30 Oct. 1758. Child by first husband: 
1. Stanton. Nine children by second husband. 

iL John, b. 19 Feb. 1764. 

31. iii. William, b. at Westerly 2 Apr. 1766. 

16. Olivee* Gavitt {Samuel,^ Ezekiel,^ Philip^), of Westerly, R. I., 

born at Westerly 11 Feb. 1738, died 6 Sept. 1811. He married 
at Westerly, 1 Oct. 1770, his first cousin, Maejoet* Gavitt 
(8, ii), born 4 Sept. 1746, d. 14 Aug. 1821, daughter of Joseph^ 
and Thankful (Ross). 

Children : 
i. Joseph,' b. 26 Jan. 1771; d. 26 Sept. 1827. 
ii. Benjamin, b. 10 July 1772; d. 18 Feb. 1849; m. at Westerly, 17 May 

1814, Amelia Allen. 
iiL EzEKiEL, b. 26 June 1773; m. at Westerly, 21 Nov. 1805, Hannah 

Wilcox, b. in 1771, d. 3 Jan. 1811. Children: 1. Lydia,^ b. 

30 June 1806. 2. Joseph, h. 7 Aug. 1808. 
iv. Thankful, b. 25 Feb. 1781. 
V. Mart, b. 18 Oct. 1787. 

17. Samitel* Gavitt {Samuel,^ Ezekiel,"^ Philip^), was born 8 Sept. 

1743. He married at North Kingston, R. I., 27 Nov. 1766, 
Ruth Bates, born 7 Dec. 174-. 

Children : 
i. Oliver,' b. 23 Dec. 1766. 
ii. Daniel Peaece, b. 20 Oct. 1768; m. at South Kingston, R. I., 

21 Jan. 1794, Lucy Worden. 
iiL Mary Ann, b. 2 Aug. 1770; m. 24 Oct. 1839 John E. Smith. 
iv. Esther, b. 26 Feb. 1772; m. at South Kingston, R. I., 21 Jan. 1794, 

William Sheldon. 
V. Elizabeth, b. 12 Nov. 1773. 
vi. Samuel, b. 10 Nov. 1775. 
vii. Hannah, b. 4 Apr. 1779. 
viii. John, b. 7 Mar. 1781. 
ix. Ruth, b. 9 Nov. 1784. 

32. X. Arnold, b. 9 Jan. 1787. 

xi. Perry, b. 19 May 1789; m. 21 June 1816 Clarissa Caepenter, b. 
21 June 1797, dau. of Timothy. Child: 1. Abhy,^ m. 5 Aug. 
1850 Maxson White of North Kingston. (Cf. Carpenter Gen- 

18. Edwabd* Gavitt {Samuel,^ Ezekiel,^ Philip^), bom 6 May 1747, 

died in 1831. He married, in 1772 (?), Mart Champlin, born 
16 Aug. 1752 (?), daughter of Samuel and Hannah. 
He was a soldier in the Revolution. 















1923] Descendants of Philip Gavet 43 

Children : 

Samuel,' b. 14 Nov. 1773. 

Maht, b. in 1777; m. Wilcos. 

Edward, b. 6 Mar. 1779. 

Phoebe, b. in 1781; m. (1) Daniel Bates; m. (2) Gideon Wobden. 

Elijah, b. in 1782. 

Hannah, b. in 1783. 

EzEKiEL, b. in 1786. ' 

Susan, b. in 1789; m. (1) Asa Curd; m. (2) John Westcott. 

John Champlin, b. at Westerly, R .1., 4 Apr. 1799. 

\ 19. George* Gavitt (Stephen,^ Ezekiel,^ Philip^), of Westerly, R. L, 

\ bom 21 Nov, 1745, died 12 Dec. 1805. He married at Westerly, 

! 4 Nov. 1772, Abigail Hiscox, who died 5 Apr. 1813. 

! Children: 

36. i. George,' b. 16 Apr. 1773. 

37. ii. Thomas, b. 26 Feb. 1775. 

38. iii. Ephraim, b, 22 Oct. 1777. 

iv. Abigail, b. 10 July 1780; m. at Westerly, 17 Dec. 1807, Merchant 
Hatf (or Hall), b. 15 May 1775. Three children. 

39. V. Asa, b. 29 Mar. 1782. 

J vi. Arnold Saunders, b. 16 Nov. 1784; m. Polly Pride, b. at Preston, 

Conn., 12 Apr. 1793, d. 30 Dec. 1881, dau. of Absalom and 

j Huldah (Brewster). Child: 1. Abbie,* m. her first cousin, Edwin' 

1 Gavitt (38, iii), q. v., a. of Ephraim' and Sally (Larkin). (Cf . 

I Brewster Genealogy.) 

vii. Mart, b. 16 Mar. 1787; d. at Churchville, N. Y., 21 Aug. 1857; 

I m. at Westerly, 12 Sept. 1813, her second cousin, Asa Babcock 

I (10, ii, 1), 8. of Henry and Prudence* (Gavitt). 

j 20. Isaiah* Gavitt (Stephen,^ Ezekiel,^ Philip^), born in 1760, died 

j in 1819 (?). He married, in 1780, Hiscox. 

I His name, or that of his son, appears in the New York State 

I census of 1807, as a resident of Berlin, Rensselaer Co., N. Y. 

( Children : 

i. Hannah,' b. in 1781; m. Rhodes Sherman. 

ii. Polly, b. 4 July 1784; d. at Adams, N. Y., 1 Apr. 1855; m. at Berlin, 

N. Y., 7 Nov. 1805, Joseph Greene, b. 5 July 1786, d. 24 Sept. 

1868, s. of John (whose second wife was Amelia Gavitt (vide 

infra, 20, iv), sister of Polly (Gavitt) Greene) and his first wife. 

Child: 1. Spicer, hving at Adams Centre, N. Y., in 1883. 

40. iii. Isaiah, b. 4 Oct. 1786. 

iv. Amelia, b. in 1792; d. 2 May 1858; m. 2 July 1836, as his second wife, 
John Greene of Berlin, N. Y., b. at Westerly, R. I., 10 Jan. 
1754, d. at BerUn 31 July 1838. (Cf. supra, 20, ii.) 

V. Nancy, d. umn. 

vi. Betsey, m. Babcock. 

41. vii. Clark, b. 4 June 1799. 

viii. Ephraim, m. Polly White. Several children. 
ix. Elleht. 

21. Richmond* Gavitt (Stephen,^ Ezekiel,^ Philip^), of Groton, 
Conn., born 22 Apr. 1796, died 4 Aug. 1847. He married 
Rebecca Williams of Montville, Conn., born 6 Oct. 1794, 
died 16 Dec. 1863. 
Children : 

i. Prentice A.,' b. 17 May 1814. He served in the Twenty-second 

Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantrj'. 
ii. Temperance, b. 23 Sept. 1818. 

44 Descendants of Philip Gavet [Jan. 

iii. Peter, b. 10 July 1827. 
iv. Mabt, b. 27 June 1830. 
V. John, b. 3 May 1832; d. 20 Aug. 1905; m. Nancy Fosteb Moore, 

b. 16 June 1832. Children: 1. Fred A.,' h. 28 May 1859. 2. 

Clementine, b. 8 Apr. 1862; living at Montrose, Pa., in 1909. 

3. Homer, h. 10 Apr. 1864; d. at Schenectady, N. Y., 15 Nov. 1909. 
. vi. Thankful S., b. 1 May 1836. 
vii. Nanct. 

22. Col. John^ Gavitt (Joseph,^ Ezekiel,"^ Philip^), of Westerly, R. I., 

was born 13 July 1744. He married, at Westerly, 28 Dec. 1773, 
Desire Wilcox, .born in 1754, living with her son Benajah 
in 1840 and drawing a pension. 

i. Ketubah,' b. 8 Dec. 1778; d. 17 Apr. 1^29; m. at Westerly, 10 

May 1803, Joseph" Babcock, b. in 1772, d. 17 Apr. 1831, s. of 

Joseph' and Hai^nah (Ross). 

42. ii. ■ Joseph, b. 10 Jan. 1781. 

iii. Samuel, b. 19 Mar. 1784; m. at Westerly, 24 July 1806, Rebecca 
Taylor, b. 1 Mar. 1788, dau. of Samuel and Rebecca. Child: 
1. Albert,^ b. 14 Feb. 1807. 

iv. Thankful, b. 21 Jan. 1787; d. 27 Oct. 1848. 

43. v. Benajah, b. 20 June 1791. 

vi. Maby, b. 17 May 1795; d. at Hudson, N. Y., in Jan. 1862; m. 11 
Apr. 1811 George' Babcock, b. at Westerly in 1787, d. at Hud- 
son in 1836, s. of Joseph and Hannah (Ross). Six children.* 

vii. Daniel Lee, b. 4 Aug. 1799; m. Maby Chapman, b. in 1811, d. 
24 Mar. 1838, dau. of Israel and Mary. Child: 1. Alice,' d. 
3 Mar. 1868; m. James S. Ostrander. 

23. Sanpord* Gavitt (Joseph,^ Ezekiel,^ Philip^), bom 28 June 1760, 

died 27 Apr. 1853. He married, 23 Feb. 1787, Mrs. Hannah 
Children : 

44. i. Samuel,* b. 1 Oct. 1787. 

ii. Saxton Berry, b. 1 Oct. 1789. 
iii. John, b. 1 Dec. 1791. 

45. iv. Joseph, b. 4 Mar. 1795. 

V. Susannah, b. 9 June 1797; d. 19 Sept. 1854; m. (1) 9 Feb. 1823 

Abijah Browning; m. (2) in 1828, as his second wife, Geobge 

vi. Hannah, b. 5 Jan. 1800; living in 1882 at Westerly, R. I.; m. Henby 

C. Gavitt. 
vii. Sanfobd, b. 11 Aug. 1802; d. 3 Aug. 1852. 
viii. Saunders, b. 30 Jan. 1804; d. at Black Creek, Fla., in 1847; m. 

. Two of his children, Amos^ and Sanford, of Philadelphia, 

Pa., were living in 1882. 

24. Sylvester^ Gavitt (Benajah,^ Ezekiel,^ Philip^), of Westerly, 

R. I., born in 1755, died 1 May 1829. He married first, 30 Sept. 
1781, Sarah Babcock, born 25 Mar. 1764, died 16 June 1787, 
daughter of Col. James and Content; and secondly, 16 Mar. 

•Of the six children of George and Mary (Gavitt) Baboook, Susan was born at Westerly 11 Feb. 
1812 and died at Albmy, N. Y., 8 Jan. 1905, and Hannah Desire was born 31 May 1817 and 
married Lemuel ' Jenkins Hopkins. Susan Babcock Hopkins, daughter of Lemuel Jenkins and 
Hannab Desire (Babcock), married 21 May 1868 Samuel Lyman Mubson of Albany, bom at 
Norwich (now Huntington), [Mass., 14 June 1844, son of Garry and Harriet (Lyman). They 
have seven children. Mr. Munson is a Pilgrim Tercentenary member of the New England His- 
toric Genealogical Society. Jane Ross Hopkins, another daughter of Lemuel Jenkins and Hannah 
Desire (Babcock), married Dr. George E. Gorham of Albany, where she died 4 Feb. 1920. 

1923] Descendants of Philip Gavet 45 

1788, Keturah Pendleton, bom 25 Jan. 1761, died 15 May 
1819, daughter of Col. William and Mary. 

Sylvester Gavitt was town treasurer of Westerly and a 
delegate to the Rhode Island General Assembly. 

Child by first wife: ■ 
i. Lois,» b. 8 Nov. 1783; d. 21 Feb. 1847; m. 15 Mar. 1810 Peleg 
Sherman Barber, who d. 15 May 1822, aged 33. Children: 
1. Keturah. 2. Charles P. 

I Children by second wife: 

I , ii. KJETURAH, b. 15 Sept. 1791; d. at Newport, R. I., 14 Dec. 1811; m. 

■: 24 Jan. 1811 Underwood Carr of Newport, who m. (2) 

'. iii Sarah, b. 3 Sept. 1793; m. at Newport, R. I., 29 Mar. 1817, Robert 

! Robinson Carr, who d. 12 May 1872. 

iv. Rhoda, b. 28 Mar. 1795; d. 20 Jiine 1833; m. at Westerly, 29 Feb. 
1824, her second cousin, Benajah' Gavitt (43), q.v., s. of Col. 
John< (22) and Desire (Wilcox). 
V. Maj. Sylvester, b. 3 Apr. 1797; drowned 10 Sept. 1837; m. Mart 
B. Peckham of South Kingstown, R. I. Children: 1. Sylvester 
■ Franklin,i h. 18 Aug. 1824; d. 6 Dec. 1849. 2. Timx)thy P., m. 
5 June 1848 Freelove V. Thompson. 
46. vi. Charles P., b. 17 Dec. 1798. 
i vii. William, b. 19 Feb. 1801; drowned 14 May 1838. 

I 47. viii. Col. Isaac P., b. 9 May 1805. 

j 25. Capt. Charles* Gavet (? Samud,^ Joseph,^ Philip^), of Salem, 

I Mass., probably a son of SamueP (12), married in the Brattle 

I Square Church, Boston, Mass., 25 Jime 1786, Mary Glover, 

i born at Milton, Mass., 20 Mar. 1762, died at Salem 13 Apr. 

i 1799, aged 36 years, daughter of Moses and Jerusha (Crane) 

\ of Milton. (Cf. Glover Memorials and Genealogies, Boston, 

I 1867, pages 517-518, 523.) She was a member of the church 

I at Milton, in full communion, and her four children were 

3 baptized there, although she resided at Salem in the later 

\ years of her life. 

; The Revolutionary record of Charles Gavet, who enhsted 

25 Apr. 1775, apparently as a private, being then of Concord, 
Mass., was of Boston in a company retimi dated 30 Sept. 1775, 
and ser\'ed in the Continental Army from 1 Jan. 1777 to 
13 Dec. 1779, when he was discharged, may be found in 
"Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors of the Revolutionary 
War," vol. 6, page 330. More about his service in the Con- 
tinental Army is given in Godfrey's "Commander in Chief's 
Guard, Revolutionary War," page 170, where it appears that 
he was of Massachusetts, that he enlisted 12 July 1777 for 
three years, as a private in Capt. George Lewis's troop, that 
he was assigned to the cavahy of the Commander in Chief's 
guard, that he took part in the Battles of Brandy wine (11 Sept. 
1777), Germantown (4 Oct. 1777), and Monmouth (28 June 
1778), that he was transferred to the Third Regiment, Con- 
tinental Dragoons, commanded by Col. George Baylor, 26 
Sept. 1778, and that he was discharged at SchuylkiE Barracks, 
Philadelphia, Pa., 13 Dec. 1779. 
l Children, baptized at Milton: 

' ■ i. Charles Sullfvan,^ b. 2 Apr. and bapt. 8 Apr. 1787; d. young. 

46 Descendants of Philip Gavet [Jan. 

ii. Maby Wallace, b. 24 Oct. and bapt. 26 Oct. 1788; m. 

Ongek. She removed to the West Indies. 
iii. John Whiting, b. 27 Oct. and bapt. 31 Oct. 1790. 
iv. Isaac Phillips, b. 27 Sept. and bapt. 7 Oct. 1792. 

26. JoHN^ Gavet (Gaffet, Gaffit, or Gavvet) (? Samioel,^ Joseph,'^ 
Philip,^), of New Marlborough, Ulster Co., N. Y., and of 
New York City, probably a son of SamueP (12), born at 
Salem, Mass., in 1762, died in New York City 26 Aug. 1837. 
He married first, at New Marlborough, about 1784, Rachel 
Bloomer, born in 1762, died in New York City in 1820 or 
1821, perhaps daughter of WiUiam and Rachel (Bosman) of 
Ulster Co.; and secondly, in New York City, 16 Dec. 1823, 
Catherine (Brooks) Baker, widow of Abner Baker. She 
died at Albany, N: Y., 5 Apr. 1855, aged 80. According to the 
Albany Journal of that date, she died at the home of her 
grandson, Harvey Tuton, who was evidently a son of Jane 
Baker (daughter of Catherine (Brooks) (Baker) Gavet by her 
first husband) and her husband, William Tuton. 

According to the pension records at Washington (Widow 
File 1264) together with his statement to his grandson, John 
Edmonds Gavit (52) of New York City, John Gavet was bom 
at Salem in 1762, and, on the death of his father, was appren- 
ticed to an uncle in Salem,* who treated him so badly that 
at the age of fifteen he ran away and enlisted at Londonderry', 
N. H., 6 Apr. 1777, as a fifer in Capt. Ebenezer Frye's company, 
First New Hampshire Regiment. His name is spelled Gaffett 
and Gaffet in the roUs, and the State librarian of New Hamp- 
shire certifies that the speUing Gasset in the printed New 
Hampshire Revolutionary RoUs (vol. 1, page 606) is a mis- 
print. The First, Second, and Third New Hampshire Regi- 
ments comprised General Poor's brigade, which served with 
distinction in the battles around Saratoga in September and 
October 1777. His service was practically continuous, either 
in the Militia or the Line, from that time until 1783. He was 
in Captain Reynold's company of Colonel Peabody's regiment, 
serving in the defence of Rhode Island from 1 Jan. 1778 to 
4 Jan. 1779. Later he was in Captain Lovejoy's company, 
in the defence of Portsmouth, N. H., in September and October 
1779. He then returned to the Line, in which he served from 
January 1780 to 7 June 1783, when a discharge, signed by 
George Washington and now 'nith the papers in the pension 
office, was issued to "Fifer John Gaffitt." According to his 
own statement his name was misspelled in the discharge, but, 
as it was in General Washington's handwriting, he never 
attempted to haye it corrected. Evidently he did not remember 
that his name was misspelled all through the rolls. For his last 
period of service in the Line he drew a pension, under the 
Act of Congress of March 1818, from 4 Apr. 1818 until his 

*Perhaps Jonathan'* Gavet (13), whose wife, Sarah Whittemore, waa probably a sister of 
Ann Whittemore, wife of Samuel Gavet (12). 





I 1923] Descendants of Philip Gavet 47 


I death in 1837.* On 12 Sept. 1853 Catherine Gaffitt of Albany, 

'[ N. Y., applied for a pension as the widow of John Gaffitt, who 

I • died in New York City 26 Aug. 1837, and William Tuton and 

I Jane Tuton of Albany testified as to the death of John Gaffitt, 

I etc. 

\ In the Census of 1790 he is found, as John Gaffet, at New 

I Mariborough, Ulster Co., N. Y., where he had married about 

I 1784, his farnily then consisting of two free white males of 

J 16 years and upwards (probably John Gaffet himself and a 

hired man), two free white males imder 16 years (probably 
two sons), and five free white females. He next appears, as 
John Gaffet, in the New York City directory for 1798; but in 
1803 he changed the speUing of his surname to Gavvet, retaining 
this form until 1818, when the spelling was changed back to 
Gaffit, the name under which he drew his pension. His grand- 
son, John Edmonds Gavit, changed the surname once more 
to Gavit. 

The will of John Gaffitt, inspector, of New York City, dated 
27 July 1833 and proved 1 Nov. 1837, leaves to the testator's 
wife, Catherine, all the furniture in DeBrosses Street brought 
to the testator by his said wife at the time of marriage and 
property at Haverstraw known as part of the estate of Thomas 
Smith, Esq., deceased, and bequeaths to the testator's grandson 
John (son of his deceased son Joseph), to the testator's children 
then living and to the children of his deceased children, to his 
daughter Sarah, wife of Benjamin Hendrickson, to his daughter 
Mary, wife of WiUiam Whitley, to his daughter Rachel, wife 
of Abraham HaU, to his daughter Ann, widow of CorneUus 
Van Allen, to his daughter Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Bloomer, 
to his daughter Jane, wife of Samuel Wandell, to his son 
George, to the children of his deceased son John, and to the 
children of his deceased son Joseph. His son Charles Gaffitt 
and Samuel F. Randolph were named as executors in the will, 
and the witnesses were A. D. Wilson of 42 Walker Street, Thomas 
Cough of 17 DeBrosses Street, and Harris Wilson of 77 Mm-ray 
Street, New York City. Among the next of kin and heirs at 
law of the testator, whose names appear ia the probate records, 
were Charles Gaffitt, Ann Van Allen, Catherine Gaffitt, Jane 
Wandell, Margaret Maxwell, Mary Glawson, EKzabeth Bloomer, 
CaroKne Gaffit, John Gaffit, Daniel Gaffit [John and Daniel Vv^ere 
the only children of the testator's deceased son Joseph], James 
Gaffit, Mary Gaffit, Margaret Gaffit, Rebecca Gaffit, and 
Catherine Hyer [daughter of the testator's deceased son John]. 
Children, probably all by first wife (order of births con- 
jectural) : 
i. JoHN,^ d. before 27 July 1833; m. . Children: 1. Catherine,^ 

♦The application for a pension of John Gaffit of New York City, aged 59, dated 1 July 1820 
(or 2 Apr. 181S), states that he enlisted in 1780 with the First Company, Captain Munroe, First 
Regiment of New Hampshire troops, as a musician (a fifer), and served until 1783; that his family 
in 1820 consisted of his wife Rachel, aged 58, his daughter Jane, aged 17, an orphan child of 
12 years, and a helpless, aged mother-in-law; that he had been disabled with a rupture for sis 
years, and had suffered from debility, with spitting of blood, for five years. 

48 Descendants of Philip Gavet [Jan. 

living in 1837, when she was wife of George W. Hyer. Probably 

48. ii. Joseph Bloomeb, b. at New Marlborough, perhaps about 1784. 
iii. Sarah, living 27 July 1833, when she was wife of Benjamin Hbn- 


iv. Mart, Uving 27 July 1833, when she was wife of William Whitley. 
V. Rachel, living 27 July 1833, when she was wife of Abraham Hall. 
vi. Ann, Uving 27 July 1833, when she was widow of Cornelius Van 

Allen; still Uving, as Ann Van Allen, in 1837. 
vii. Elizabeth, Uving 27 July 1833, when she was wife of Thomas 

Bloomer; stiU Uving, as Elizabeth Bloomer, in 1837. 
viii. Jane, b. about 1803; living 27 July 1833, when she was wife of 

Samuel Wandell; still living, as Jane Wandell, in 1837. 
ix. Charles, living in 1837, executor of his father's wiU. 
X. George, died in 1834 or 1835. 

27. Jonathan^ Gavet (Jonathan,^ Joseph,'^ Philip^), of Salem, Mass., 

was baptized at Salem 24 Jan. 1773, aged 11 years. He married 

at Salem, 12 Jan. 1788, Sallt Hay, who married secondly, 

19 Nov. 1809, Thomas Milboume. 
Children : 

i. James Hay,' bapt. at Salem 18 Jan. 1789; d. 1 Dec. 1844; m. 10 
Aug. 1817 Susan Gardner. He was a soldier in the War of 1812, 
was taken prisoner, add confined at Dartmoor. He had issue. 

49. ii. ' A child (probably Jonathan), bapt. at Salem in Aug. 1793. 
iii. Lydia, bapt. at Salem 6 Sept. 1795. 

iv. Sally, bapt. at Salem 16 July 1797. 
V. William. 

28. William^ Gavet (or Gavett) (Jonathan,^ Joseph,^ Philip^), of 

Salem, Mass., born at Salem 2 Jan. 1767, died there 8 Jan. 
1856. Hemarried at Salem, 27 Oct. 1799, Martha Richardson, 
born 15 July 1776, died 9 Nov. 1823, daughter of Peter and 
Martha (Grover) of Woburn, Mass. 
Children, bom at Salem: 

50. i. William Richardson,' b. 27 Apr. 1801. 
ii. Martha, b. 4 Jan. 1803; d. 26 Sept. 1804. 

ui. Clarissa, b. 17 Oct. 1804; d. unm. 24 Aug. 1896. 

iv. Jonathan, b. 16 Sept. 1806; d. 15 Feb. 1896. 

V. Martha, b. 13 Feb. 1809; d. 9 July 1894; m. 6 Nov. 1836 
William Hill. Children: 1. Martha Richardson, h. at Salem 
19 Aug. 1838. 2. Capt. William A., h. at Salem 28 June 1840. 
3. George Henry, b. at Salem 30 or 31 July 1849. 

51. vi. George Bradish, b. 12 Oct. 1810. 

vii. Mary Augusta, b. 10 June 1813; d. unm. 18 Feb. 1904. 

viii. Charles, b. 10 Sept. 1816; m. 3 Feb. 1850 Sarah Ann Lane, b. 

5 Jan. 1822. The famOy Uved at Grantville. Children: 1. 

Charles H.,^ b. in 1851; d. in childhood. 2. Willia7n C, h. in 

1854; d. in childhood. 

29. James* Gavet (John,^ Joseph,^ Philip^) was bom 15 Mar. 1777. 

He married, 3 June 1800, Abigail Depah. 
Children : 

i. Abigail,' m. 4 May 1820 Jehial Hard. 

ii. Susan H., m. 25 Dec. 1828 John Thompson. 

iii. James, m. 29 May -1831 Margaret Strout Patterson, bapt. at 

Salem 29 Sept. 1805, dau. of John and Susanna. Child. 1. Maria,* 

m. Alden M. Reed. 

30. Joseph* Gavet (John,^ Joseph,^ Philip^), born at Salem, Mass., 

j 1923] Descendants of Philip Gavet 49 


f 22 Apr. 1778, died 5 Mar. 1851. He married, 22 Dec. 1805, 

I •• Nancy Gardner of Salem, N. H., who died 2 July 1866, sister 

I of Hamiah Gardner, the wife successively of his brothers 

I Samuel (14, viii) and Philip (14, xiii). 

? , Children: 

\ i. Nancy,' b. 28 Oct. 1806; d. at Salem, N. H., 11 Oct. 1875; m. 12 

i Apr. 1828 Michael Peirce. 

I ii. Robert S., b. 22 Dec. 1809; d. 5 Feb. 1841; m. (1) ; m. (2) 

I Sabah Gordon. Child by first wife: 1. Amanda.^ 

I iii. Joseph, b. 24 Mar. 1817; d. 6 Apr. 1852. 

I iv. Benjamin Gardner, b. 6 Oct. 1822; d. s.p. 28 July 1895; m. 25 July 

\ 1850 Catherine Lewis Wilcutt. 

t V. Charles Henry, b. 12 May 1826; d. 31 Aug. 1894; m. 27 Jan. 1850 

Miriam Gushing Wilcutt. Child: 1. A daughter,* d. aged 3 

vi. Sarah, m. George W. Palfrey of Portsmouth, N. H. 

31. William* Gavit (William,* Ezekiel,^ Ezekiel,^ Philip^), of Westerly, 
R. I., Groton, Conn., Granville, Mass., Granville, Ohio, and 
Ashley, Ohio, born at Westerly 2 Apr. 1766, died at Ashley, 
Delaware Co., Ohio, 6 Jan. 1854. He was buried at Granville, 
Ohio. He married first, at Groton, Conn., 9 Oct. 1785, Sarah 
Babcock of Hopkinton, R. I., born 10 Mar. 1765, died at 
Granville, Ohio, 17 Apr. 1842; and secondly, 8 May 1846, 

Mrs. Anna ( ) Devereaux of Alexandria, Ohio, born 

in 1773, died 16 Feb, 1849. She was buried beside her first 
husband at Alexandria, Ohio. 

WilHam Gavit served as a privateersman in the Revolution. 
He was one of a party of emigrants who went to Ohio in Nov. 
1805, and was elected four times to the Ohio Senate.* 

Children by first wife: 
i. William,^ b. at Groton, Conn., 19 July 1786; d. at Patterson, N. J.; 

m. , and had issue. His eldest son d. at Bloomfield, N. J. 

ii. John, b. at GranvOle, Mass., 5 July 1788; d. at Evansville, Ind., 

28 Feb. 1832; m. at Newark, Ohio, 13 July 1815, Alice Smith. 

His wife and several children survived him. His son, John 

Smith,'' h. 3 Mar. 1826, was a major in the First Indiana Volun- 
teer Cavalry, and was killed at Frederickstown, Mo., 21 Oct. 

1861, being the first Indiana officer who was killed in the Civil 

iii. Asa Babcock, b. at GranviUe, Mass., 9 June 1790; d. in Lower 

Sandusky, Ohio; m. . Child: 1. Asa Jod. ' 

iv. Benjamin Franklin, b. at Granville, Mass., 9 Mar. 1792; d. in 

Golconda, Pope Co., 111. 
V. Marcus Aurelius, b. at Granville, Mass., 24 Feb. 1794; d. in 1841; 

m. . Children: 1. Marcus AJ 2. Charles. 3. Joseph 

Warren. 4. Lewis Cass. 
vi. Sarah, b. at GranviUe, Mass., 1 Feb. 1796; d. 31 Oct. 1854; m. 10 

Oct. 1816 Robert Moore of Newark, Ohio. Four children, 
vii. Amelia E., b. at Granville, Mass., 30 Dec. 1798; d. 22 Aug. 1879; 

m. 14 Dec. 1820 H. W. Bragg, b. 22 May 1798, d. 8 June 

viii. George Benedict, b. at Granville, Mass., 15 July 1801; d. at 

Granville, Ohio, 4 Oct. 1806. 
ix. Mary Anna, b. at Granville, Mass., 10 Mar. 1803; d. there 22 Mar. 

X. Rev. Ezekiel Stanton, a Methodist minister, b. at Granville, 

*Ci. The "OUl Northwest" Genealogical Quarterly, vol. 8, pp. 235 et seq. (October 1905)., 

50 ' Descendants of Philip Gavet [Jan. 

Mass., 18 Oct. 1804; living at Ashley, Ohio, in 1882; m. twice, 
and had a large family. 

xi. Rev. Elnathan Corrington, a Methodist minister, b. at Gran- 
ville, Ohio, 16 Dec. 1808; d. at Toledo, Ohio, 15 Mar. 1896; m. 
(1) 10 June 1833 Sophia J. Halset, who d. 9 May 1869; m. (2) 
Miss E. M. Royse, M.D. Both his wives were college women. 
His first wife was a graduate of Hudson College, and opened 
Norwalk Academy, the first school of any importance in the 
Methodist Church in Ohio. In 1882 his second wife had been a 
practising physician at Toledo for fifteen years. He preached 
the first sermon ever preached at Toledo, when its population 
was limited to five houses. In 1834 he was a missionary to the 
Sioux and Fox Indians, west of the Upper Mississippi River, 
before that region was divided into States and Territories. Seven 
children by first wife. His son, Halsey Corrington,'' an Army 
chaplain, whose last service was with the First United States 
Cavalry, retired 1 July 1917, aged 74. 

xii. Gardner Denison, b. 3 Feb. 1811; d. 5 Feb. 1811. 

32. Arnold* Gavitt (Samuel,* Samud,^ Ezekiel,"^ Philip^) was born 

9 Jan. 1787. He married Mercy Rodman, bom 20 Oct. 1786, 
daughter of Robert. (Cf. Rodman Genealogy.) 

Children : 
i. Reuben,' m. Mary Tourgee. Their son. Hazard,'' m. 28 Oct. 1849 

Abbie Cooke. 
ii. James. 

iii. Sarah, b. in 1819; m. Albert Stone. 
iv. Renewed. 
V. Robert. 

vi. Ruth, m. Cory. 

vii. Arnold, of Warwick, R. I., m. 10 Nov. 1844 Barbara Shaw of 

Johnston, R. I. (Marriage recorded at Newport, R. I.) 
viii. Catherine. 

ix. Margaret, m. Eben Warner. 
X. Samuel. 

33. Samuel* Gavitt {Edward,* Samuel,^ Ezekiel,^ Philip^) was bom 

14 Nov. 1773. He married Eunice Crandall, born 8 July 

Children : 
i. Betsy,« b. 13 Dec. 1808. 
ii. Mary M., b. 7 May 1811. 
iii. Abby, b. 22 Jan. 1813. 
iv. Joseph, b. 19 Feb. 1820; d. 13 Mar. 1875. 

34. Edward* Gavitt (Edward,* Samuel,^ Ezekiel,^ Philip^), born 

6 Mar. 1779, died 17 Apr. 1836. He married IVIary Nye, 
born 11 Feb. 1780, died in 1851. 

Children : 
i. Simeon T.,^ b. 19 Mar. 1800; m. Susan Chappell. 
ii. Elijah C, b. 5 Apr. 1802; m. Ln 1824 Mary Locke. 
iii. Sarah M., b. 19 July 1804; m. in 1S21 Thomas Chappell. 
iv. Nancy, b. 1 Sept. 1806; d. 1 Oct. 1832. 
V. Phoebe, b. 3 Dec. 1808; d. 15 Sept. 1832. 
vi. Philena, b. 26 Mar. 1810; d. 26 May 1831. 
vii. Eunice, b. 9 Apr. 1813; d. 7 Apr. 1832. 
viii. EzEKiEL, of Fiskdale, Mass., b. 13 Dec. 1815; Uving ia 1872; m. in 

1838 Betsy C. Maxfield. 
ix. Benjamin N., b. 29 July 1818; m. Is-^bella S. Quint. 

1923] Descendants of Philip Gavet 51 

X. LtJCT, b. 10 Feb. 1821; m. at Old Smithfield, R. I., 1 Aug. 1839, 

W. P. Perkins. 
xi. Edwahd J., b. 10 May 1824; d. 27 Oct. 1825. 

35. John Champlin^ Gavit (Edward* Samuel,^ Ezekiel,^ Philip^), 
born at Westerly, R. I., 4 Apr. 1799, died at Willimantic, 
Conn., 20 Jan. 1866. He married at South Kingstown, R. I., 
7 Feb. 1821, Elizabeth Healt, bom 2 Sept. 1801, daughter 
of Joseph and Bashaby(?). 

Children (the first six bom in Rhode Island, the others in 
Willimantic, Conn.): 

1 i. George Champlin,' b. 24 Nov. 1822; d. in 1823. 

ii. Mart Elizabeth, b. 20 Dec. 1823; m. (1) Philander Fuller; m. 

' (2) David F. White. 

I iii. AiTET Angeline, b. 24 Dec. 1825; m. Nathaniel Payne. 

\ iv. Sarah Jane, b. 14 Jan. 1828; m. (1) W. R. Robins; m. (2) W. R. 

V. Catherine Dexter, b. 2 Feb. 1830; d. in 1831. 
vi. Henht Tatem, b. 13 June 1832. 

I vii. George Washington, of Chicago, HI., b. 23 May 1834; living in 

1881; m. Sarah L.Steele, b. in New York 9 Oct. 1836. 

! viii. Nakct Catherine, b. 4 Oct. 1836; m. (1) Oscar Tanner; m. (2) 

{ Enoch T. Savage. 

I ix. Hanah Mahlah, b. 8 Nov. 1838; m. Nathan Liitlefield. 

f x. Ltdl\ Ann, b. 27 Nov. 1840; m. Franklin Barnes. 

I xi. John Champlin, b. 13 Nov. 1842; d. in 1845. 

' xii. Edna Lavinia, b. 17 Nov. 1846; m. John Hatch. 

1 36. Geobge* Gavitt (George* Stephen,^ Ezehiel,^ Philip^), born 16 

.' Apr. 1773, died in 1855. He married, 16 Sept. 1795, Luct 

\ Bliven, bom 25 Apr. 1768 (?), died 16 Sept. 1845, daughter 

I of John and Elizabeth of Westerly, R. I. 

[ Children : 

I i. Lucy,' b. 7 July 1796; m. 20 Apr. 1817 James Wells of Hopkinton, 

I R. I. Their son m. Wellcome StiUman and had three children, 

j his widow marrying (2) Rev. G. B. Utter of Westerly, R. I. 

I ~ ii. Betsy, b. 7 Dec. 1798; m. D. Lee Wells of Hopkinton, R. I. Three 

j children. 

! iii. Isaac Bliven, b. 24 Apr. 1801; d. in 1802. 

: iv. Abby, b. 11 Feb. 1803; m. William Wells of Westerly, R. I. 

V. John Bliven (twin), b. 9 Feb. 1806; d. in 1808. 

vi. George Washington (twin), b. 9 Feb. 1806; d. 14 July 1886; m. 
in 1831 Betsy Sheffield. Seven children. 

vii. Franklin, b. 12 Mar. 1808; d. at Middletown, Conn., in 1871; m. 
Eliza C. Van Kuren. Three children. 

viii. Arnold, b. 17 May 1810; d. at Binghamton, N. Y., in 1864; m. 19 
Octj 1835 Sarah Foote of Norwich, Conn. 

ix. Mary Hex, b. 18 July 1812; living 4 Mar. 1872; m. Rev. W. B. 
Gillette of Shiloh, N. J. 

37. Thomas* Gavitt {George* Stephen,^ Ezekiel,'^ Philip^) was bora 
26 Feb. 1775. He married at Westerly, R. I., 19 Nov. 1796, 
Melinda Cunningham of Groton, Conn. 

Children (cf . Norwich, Conn., Vital Records) : 
i. Melinda,« b. 21 Dec. 1797; d. 5 Dec. 1798. 
ii. Thomas Jefferson, b. 10 Dec. 1802. 
iii. Polly, b. 1 Oct. 1804. 
iv. Eliza, b. 30 July 1806. 
V. Wn.T. TAM , b. 12 July 1808. 

vol. LXXV Ii . 4 

52 , Descendants of Philip Gavet [Jan. 

vi. Almira, b. 28 Apr. 1810. 

vii. Cordelia, b. 16 Apr. 1812. 

viii. Eliza Ann, b. at Lebanon, Conn., 2 May 1813. 

38. Ephraim* Gavitt {George* Stephen,'^ Ezekiel,^ Philip^), born 

22 Oct. 1777, died at Norwich, Conn., 14 Sept. 1863. He 
married, 17 Feb. 1805, Sally Karkin, born 7 Feb. 1773, died 
1 Feb. 1861, daughter of Abel and Sarah (Foster) of Westerly, 
R. I. 


i. Daniel,' ship carpenter, b. 3 Mar. 1804; m. Mary Chapman. 

Children: 1. Daniel FJ 2. Elizabeth. 
ii. Sally b. at Norwich 24 Dec. 1805; m. John Nash of Preston, Conn. 

Four children, 
iii. Edwin, b. 23 July 1808; m. his first cousin, Abbie' Gavitt (19, vi, 

1), dau. of Arnold Saunders' and Polly (Pride), 
iv. Mary Ann, b. 9 Apr. 1810; m. James S. Nash of Watch Hill , R. I. 

Five children. 
V. Abbie, b. 23 June 1812; became insane, 
vi. Martha Rhodes, b. 27 Sept. 1814. 

39. AsA^ Gavitt {George,'^ Stephen,^ Ezekiel,^ Philip^), bom 29 Mar. 

1782, died 18 Sept. 1847. He married at Norwich, Conn., 

3 Aug. 1806, Mart Baker, bom 16 Mar. 1788, died 27 Dec. 


i. Mart Ann,« b. and d. 3 July 1807. 

ii. Harriet B., b. 13 Aug. 1808; m. 5 May 1835 Willlam Greenb, b. 
at Belchertown, Mass., 27 June 1805. Tbey removed to Andover, 
Mass. Seven children. (Cf. Giles's Vinton Memorial.) 

iii. Mabia, b. 23 June 1811; d. 23 Jan. 1834. 

iv. Angeline, b. 13 Mar. 1814; d. 16 Jan. 1835. 

V. Emily D., b. 4 Feb. 1817; d. 13 Sept. 1872; m. 10 Sept. 1838 James 
N" SpEjN'cer 

vi. Mart E., b. 30 May 1820; d. 1 Mar. 1878; m. 27 May 1847, as hia 
second wife, Jesse D. Noyes, b. 30 Jan. 1804, d. in 1884, s. of 
John and Priscilla (Chesebrough) of Stonington, Conn. 

vii. Caroline L., b. 4 Apr. 1824; m. at Norwich, Conn., 5 Apr. 1847, 
Timothy L. P. Hauselkuse, alias Parmelee.* 

viii. Sarah P., b. 20 Dec. 1827; d. 22 Feb. 1829. 

40. Isaiah^ Gavitt (Isaiah,* Stephen,^ Ezekiel,^ Philip^), bom 4 Oct. 

1786, died at Covington, Ky., 15 Apr. 1839. He married 

Elizabeth Murpht, born 26 jMay 1785, died at Portage, 

N. Y., 15 Dec. 1872. 
Children : 

i. Chauncy,' b. at Berlin, N. Y., 5 Sept. 1809; d. in infancy. 

ii. Nelson E., b. at Berlin, N. Y., 3 June 1811; living at Hartsville 
and Scio, N. Y., in the eighties; m. (1) 17 Julv 1844 Barbara 
A. Davis of Alfred, N. Y., b. 10 July 1826, d. 13 June 1851; 
m. (2) 14 Oct. 1851 Adelaide Budlong of Carroll, N. Y., who 
d. at Ahnond, N. Y., 7 Nov. 1859; m. (3) 5 Apr. 1864 Maria 

•The vital records of Norwich give the name of this man as Timothy L. P. Hosaelkus; but his 
wife signs letters as Caroline L. Parmelee, and states that she was married, on the date given, 
to Timothy L. Parmelee. In the records of the Congregational Church of Chatham, Conn., p. HI. 
appears the following: "married by Rev. Joel West Jan. 26 1817 at East Hampton, Ct., John P. 
Hauselkuse and Dencey Parmelee (dau. of Timothy and Hannah)." Evidently Timothy L. P. 
Hauselkuse was a son of this marriage, and dropped his father's name as unattractive, retaining 
as his surname his mother's maiden name. The name Hauselkuse is probably a Hessian name, 
borne by one of the Hessian mercenaries employed by the British in the Revolution. 

1923] Descendants of Philip Gavet 53 

Brown of Leroy, N. Y., b. 27 Dec. 1840. Four children by first 

wife, two children by third wife, 
iii. Elizabeth, b. at Almond, N. Y., 11 Apr. 1814; d. at Hinsdale, N. Y., 

8 Aug. 1865; m. at Almond, in 1834, Lemuel Howard, Jr. 

Children: 1. Henry F. 2. Alonzo B. 
iv. LtrcT M., b. at Ahnond, N. Y., 14 May 1816; d. 24 July 1874; m. 

(1) 9 Jan. 1850 Judiah Budlong, who d. 23 Jan. 1854; m. (2) 

26 June 1856 Albert Fox. 
V. Emaline, b. at Freeport, Pa., 2 June 1818; m. 31 Aug. 1839 J. S. 

Haskins, who d. 29 May 1881. Four children, b. at Almond, 

N. Y. 
vi. Charlotte M., b. 5 Feb. 1821; m. Roland. They removed 

to Los Angeles, Calif. 

I . vii. George W., b. at Pembroke, N. Y., 10 Nov. 1824; m. 28 Feb. 1846 

1 Harriet Cottrell, dau. of Pardon and AbigaQ (StiUman) of 

Petersburg, N. Y. Four children, b. at Almond, N. Y. 
viii. Ann E., b. at Almond, N. Y., 23 Dec. 1829; d. at Los Angeles, Calif., 

. 10 Jime 1889; m. Braddock Stillman* of Almond. 
ix. Nancy L., b. at Almond, N. Y., 11 June 1831; m. 24 Feb. 1847, as 

his second wife, Orson Wentworth, t b. 19 Dec. 1819. Four 


i 41. Clark' Gavitt {Isaiah* Stephen,^ Ezekiel,"^ Philip^), bom 4 June 

I ^799, died 22 May 1871. He married first, 25 Jan. 1820, 

I Ltdia Weaver, born 16 May 1803, died 22 Dec. 1825; secondly, 

I 25 Sept. 1827, Latjra O. Ellsworth, born 25 Aug. 1809, 

i died 4 May 1854; and thirdly, 3 Dec. 1854, Widow Abigail 

I White, born 8 June 1804, died 24 Oct. 1879. 

f Children by first wife: 

Melissa,' b. 23 Feb. 1821; d. 7 Mar. 1821. 

Isaiah W., b. 16 Aug. 1822; d. 14 Feb. 1824. 

Sarah M., b. 28 Sept. 1823; m. 19 Nov. 1843 Dexter F. Bentlet, 

b. 22 Mar. 1814, d. 22 May 1880. Three children. 
Ann Elizabeth, b. 9 Sept. 1825; m. 8 Feb. 1845 Erastus Kendall. 

Five children. 

Children by second wife: 
V. George C, b. 16 Aug. 1828; m. 14 Jan. 1850 Nancy M. McNaught. 

Children: 1. Clark /.' 2. Alfred E. 
vi. Ltdia, b. 22 Apr. 1830; living unm. in 1882. 
vii. Stephen H., b. 24 Apr. 1832; d. 1 June 1871; m. 1 Dec. 1855 

Sarah L. Coleman. Four children, of whom WiUiam E.,'' the 

eldest son, was hving at Troy, N. Y., in 1899. 
viii. Melissa R., b. 8 Oct. 1834; d. 29 Mar. 1871; m. 30 May 1857 

Horace Satterlee. Three children. 
ix. Nancy, b. 21 Feb. 1836; d. 10 Mar. 1836. 
X. John G., b. 15 June 1838; living unm. in 1882. 
xi. Isaiah, b. 20 May 1840; d. 17 Mar. 1841. 
xii. Laura M., b. 5 Apr. 1842; d. 20 May 1843. 
xiii. Franklin N., b. 14 July 1844; livmg in 1882; m. 4 June 1868 

Jennie M. Eldbidge. Two children. 
xiv. Mary L., b. 30 May 1847; d. 6 Oct. 1849. 
XV. Francis A., b. 8 July 1850; living unm. in 1882. 

42. Joseph' Gavitt (Col. John* Joseph,^ Ezekiel,^ Philip^), of 
Westerly, R. I., bom 10 Jan. 1781, died in 1872. He married 
at Westerly, 29 Nov. 1809, Thankful Bliven, bom 27 July 
1787, daughter of William and Eleanor. 

*Cf. StiUman GeneaJogy. 

tCf. Wentworth Genealogy. Orson Wentworth married (1) 17 Jan. 1844 Marcia Ana Hulett. 
but had no children by her. 









54 Descendants of Philip Gavet [Jan. 

Children : 
i. John Emoht,« b. 11 May 1809. 
ii. Francis, b. 11 May 1811. 

iii. William Sidney, b. at Charlestown, R. I., in Apr. 1813; m. Eleanor 
. Child: 1. Antoinette Nicholls,'' b. in Nov. 1861. 

43. Benajah^ Gavitt {Col. John,* Joseph,^ Ezekiel,"^ Philip'^), of 
Westerly, R. I., bom 20 June 1791, died 27 July 1858. He 
married at Westerly, 29 Feb. 1824, bos second cousin, Rhoda* 
Gavitt (24, iv), q. v., daughter of Sylvester* and Keturah 
i. Desire A.,« m. at Westerly, 24 Dec. 1^49, Edward M. Dunn. 
ii. Keturah P., m. at Westerly, 22 Sept. 1847, Peleg Saunders, b. 
16 Oct. 1820. Child: 1. Alice, b. 6 July 1854; m. 14 Oct. 1874 
John Olin Brigham; two sons, Herbert Olin, of Providence, R. I., 
Librarian of the Eiode Island State Library, a corresponding 
member of the New England Historic Genealogical Society, b. 
at Providence 15 Dec. 1875, and Clarence Saunders, of Wor- 
cester, Mass., A.B. (Brown University, 1899), A.M. (ife., 1909), 
Librarian of the American Antiquarian Society, a resident 
member of the New England Historic Genealogical Society, b. 
at Providence 5 Aug. 1877. (Cf. Brigham Genealogy.) 

44\ Samuel* Gavitt (Sanford,* Joseph,^ Ezekiel,^ Philip'^), bom 
1 Oct. 1787, died in 1863. He married, 8 Jan. 1808, Eunice 
Edwards of Connecticut. 

He was tollgate keeper at Columbia, Conn., removed thence 
to Greenville, Conn., thence to Norwich, Conn., and in 1835 
to Philadelphia, Pa. He served in the War of 1812. 


i. Nelson,* b. 28 Oct. 1810; m. Eliza Murphy of Boston, Mass. 

Ten children. (Cf. Merrick Genealogy.) 
ii. Eliza Ann, b. 23 Mar. 1814; d. 11 May 1863; m. at Norwich, Conn., 

24 Nov. 1835, George S. Avery of Norwich, b. 18 July 1811, 

d. 21 Dec. 1874 Four children, 
iii. Susan, b. 22 Feb. 1816; m. C. Davis of Philadelphia, 
iv. Gorton, b. 1 Jan. 1818; m. Susan Lippincott of Philadelphia. 

Children: 1. Julia.'' 2. Sarah E. 3. Marsie. 4. Nelson. 
V. Saxton, b. 9 Nov. 1821; d. in Philadelphia in 1848. 
vi. Albert N., b. 25 Dec 1825; living in Philadelphia in 1882; m. 

Eliza Drumm of Philadelphia. Child: 1. John A.,'' a, lawyer in 

Saginaw, Mich., in 1891. 
vii. Abby Jane, b. 11 Sept. 1828; m. B. Brown. 
viii. Mary, b. 15 Dec. 1831; m. S. Kingsbury. They removed to 

Tennessee in 1858. 

45. Joseph* Gavitt {Sanford,* Joseph,^ Ezekiel,"^ Philip^), bom 
4 Mar. 1795, died at Walworth, Wayne Co., N. Y., 7 Dec. 1834. 
He married, 22 Feb. 1820, Eliza Ellsworth, born 13 June 
1799, living in Walworth in 1886, died at the age of 100 years. 
Joseph Gavitt lived in Poughkeepsie, N. Y., in 1828, when 
he subscribed to a tree-planting fund for Christ Church, and in 
1831 removed to Walworth. 

Children : 
i. Saxton Berry,* b. at Red Hook, Dutchess Co., N. Y., 6 Oct. 1821; 
d. at Lyons, Wayne Co., N. Y., 3 Apr. 1905; m. at Marion, 
Wayne Co., N. Y., 30 Dec. 1845, Harriet Durfee, b. 30 June 

1923] Descendants of Philip Gavet 55 

i; 1824, d. at Lyons 10 July 1899, dau. of Elias and Mercy. He 

•' was a banker at Lyons. Cinldien: 1. EUa M .'' 2. William Seward, 

\ President of the Lyons National Bank, d. 11 Jan. 1921. 

i ii. Cornelia M., b. 5 Apr. 1823; d. 13 Jan. 1860. 

I iii. MoNTGOMERT W., b. 13 June 1825; d. 8 Nov. 1825. 

[ iv. Franklin, b. 3 July 1827; d. 1 Apr. 1830. 

I V. Theodore, b. 11 Apr. 1831; drowned 29 July 1853. 

!46. Chaeles p.* Gavitt (Sylvester,*^ Benajah,^ Ezekiel,^ Philip^), 
bom 17 Dec. 1798, died 1 Jan. 1878. He married first Hannah 
I Gavitt, who died 8 Jan. 1841, daughter of William and Sarah 

I (Adams) of Westerly, R. I.; and secondly, at Mystic, Conn., 

; in 1842, Mary Duncan of Vermont. 

Children by first wife : 
i. LomsA Barker,^ b. 2 Aug. 1827; d. 16 Sept. 1882; m. 8 June 1853 

Charles Taylor. Four children. 
ii. Sarah Ann, b. 28 Dec. 1829; m. James L. Austin. Six children, 
iii. Rhoda Adams, b. 30 Mar. 1831; m. 8 May 1854 Robert Wood- 
: BURN of St. John, N. B. 

; iv. Charles William, b. 28 Dec. 1833; d. 9 July 1860. 

I V. Isaac Robinson, b. 13 Dec. 1835; d. 14 Feb. 1888; m. in 1855 

' - Catherine Green. 

vi. Keturah Mary, b. 20 Feb. 1838; m. David D. Tracy. 
. vii. George Henry, b. in Jan. 1841; m. in 1884 Adelaide Taylor. 

1 47. Col. Isaac P.* Gavitt {Sylvester,* Benajah,^ Ezekiel,^ Philip^), 

I of Westerly, R. I., born 9 May 1805, died 23 July 1838. He 

I married, 7 Oct. 1827, Phcebe Ann Edwards, who married 

I secondly, at Westerly, 4 July 1844, James Champlin. 


i. Isaac R,« b. 1 Dec. 1827. 

ii. Sylvester, b. 27 Feb. 1830; m. 26 Dec. 1855 Sarah Jane Robin- 
! SON, b. 13 Mar. 1839. Five children. 

• ' iii. Phebe Ann, b. 1 Mar. 1832. 

iv. Amos, b. 16 Oct. 1837. 

48. Joseph Bloomer^ Gaffet (John* ? Samuel,^ Joseph,^ Philip'^), 

of New York City, wood inspector, bom at New Marlborough, 
Ulster Co., N. Y., perhaps about 1784, died in New York 
City in 1820. He married, in 1814, Eliza Brown, daughter 
of Wheeler and Martha (Tier). 
Children : 

52. i. John Edmonds,^ b. in New York City 29 Oct. 1817. 

53. ii. Daniel E., b. 22 Sept. 1819. 

49. Jonathan^ Gavet (Jonathan,* Jonathan,^ Joseph,^ Philip^), 

probably baptized at Salem in Aug. 1793, died 1 Nov. 1843. 
He married, 17 Mar. 1815, Esther Rowe Leonard of Glouces- 
ter, Mass., baptized there 6 ]\Iay 1804, died 24 Nov. 1853, 
daughter of William. 

Children : 
i. Sarah Hay,« b. 27 July 1816; m. 13 June 1867 John Gibbs Gilbert 

of Boston, Mass., an actor. 
ii. Andrew Jackson, b. 10 Oct. 1818; d. 1 June 1859; m. 27 Apr. 1854 

Susan H. Taft, widow. He was a brass founder, and made the 

casts for Howe's sewing machine. The first bronze statue cast 

in America was cast in his shop. 

56 Descendants of Philip Gavet [Jan. 

iii. Jonathan, b. 24 Sept. 1820; m. 4 Dec. 1844 Maey Ann McDer- 
MOTT. They removed to California. Children: 1. Mary Ann,'' 
b. 17 Aug. 1845; m. 29 Oct. 1874 Henry F. Miller, Jr. 2. Sarah, 
b. in 1847; m. 2 Feb. 1869 Clarence W. Jones of Boston, Mass. 
3. Ann Rdiecca, b. in 1848. 

iv. Ann Johnson, b. 7 Aug. 1822; m. 25 Apr. 1850 Richard A. Babt- 
LETT, who d. in 1858. Child: 1. Annie G., m. George Peirce of 
, Weston, Mass. 

54. V. William Leonard, b. 15 July 1824. 

vi. Rebecca Thomas, b. 14 Mar. 1826; m. 20 Oct. 1880 Nahum Poole 

of East Bridgewater, Mass. 
vii. James H., b. 1 Sept. 1827; d. 13 Jan. 1836. 
viii. Joseph, b. 4 Apr. 1830; d. 7 Oct. 1867; m. 21 July 1859 Susan E. 


50. William Richardson^ Gavett (William,* Jonathan,^ Joseph,^ 

Philip^),, of Salem, Mass., bom at Salem 27 Apr. 1801, died 
there 21 Apr. 1870. He married first, 28 Dec. 1831, Ann 
Seaver; and secondly, 29 Mar. 1837, Frances Cordelia 
Clapp, born in New York City 23 Dec. 1816, died 6 Jan. 1903, 
daughter of Fobes and Frances (McClinch) of New York City. 
Children by second wife: 

55. i. William Fobes,* b. in Boston, Mass., 12 Apr. 1838. 
ii. Frances Cordelia, b. 31 Mar. 1841. 

51. George Bradish* Gavet {William,* Jonathan,^ Joseph,^ Philip^), 

of Salem, Mass., bom at Salem 12 Oct. 1810, died at 
Cambridge, Mass., 19 Apr. 1885. He married first, 6 Apr. 
1837, Catherine M. E. Motley, bom 4 Jan. 1817, died 
20 July 1852, daughter of William W. and Mary (McClinch); 

and secondly, 17 Nov. 1853, Caroline ( ) Wheeler, 

widow of Dr. Abner Wheeler. 

William Richardson Gavet and George Bradish Gavet were 
partners in the firm of Clapp & Gavet, tailors, of Salem. 

Children by first wife: 
i. George Bradish,* b. 21 Sept. 1838; m. Sarah F. Potter of 

Jersey City, N. J., who d. 7 May 1875. No children. 
ii. Frances Motlet, b. 13 May 1841; m. 19 June 1867 Benjamin S. 

Prat. Child: 1. James Stvrgis, h. 26 Feb. 1871. 
iii. Mart Motlet, b. 4 Oct. 1843; m. 8 Jan. 1863 George F. Sargent. 

Children: 1. Frederick LeRoy, b. 25 Dec. 1863. 2. Nellie Pray, 

b. 17 Dec. 1867; d. 17 Aug. 1869. 
iv. Richard Motlet, b. 12 May 1846; d. 19 Feb. 1858. 
v. Ellen Riddle, b. 10 June 1849; d. 22 Feb. 1869. 

52. John Edmonds* Gavit (Joseph Bloomer,^ John,* ? Samuel,^ 
Joseph,^ Philip^), of Albany, N. Y., and of New York City, 
born in New York City 29 Oct. 1817, died at Stockbridge, 
Mass., 25 Aug. 1874. He married, 28 Nov. 1840, Margaret 
Sophia Robinson, born at PalmjTa, N. Y., 11 June 1819, 
died in New York City 23 Apr. 1902, daughter of Dr. Gain and 
Chloe (Bradish) of Palmyra. 

John Edmonds Gavit was a bank-note engraver. He learned 
his trade with Burton, Durant & Edmonds, spent the year 
1837 in Boston, Mass., in the employ of Smith, Perkins & 
Company, removed to Albany in 1838, and entered the employ 

1923] Descendants of Philip Gavet 57 

I of Hall, Packard & Cushman. He founded the firm of Gavit & 

I Company in 1841, and removed to New York City in 1859. 

I He was a foimder, and at the time of his death president, of 

I . the American Bank Note Company of New York. He was 

I deeply interested in scientific research, and was a member of 

I the American Association for the Advancement of Science, 

I the New York Microscopical Society, and various other 

J scientific societies. 

! Children: 

1 i. John,' b. 4 Aug. 1841; d. 22 Aug. 1842. 

ii. JoBEPH, b. at Albany 22 Dec. 1842; d. in New York City 14 May 
1887; m. at Albany, 10 Oct. 1867, Fanny Breese Palmer, b. 
9 Sept. 1848, dau. of Erastus Dow and Mary Jane (Seamans). 
^ Upon the removal of his father to New York City in 1859 he 

became manager of the firm of Gavit & Company, engravers, of 
which he was the head at the time of his death. Children: 
1. John Palmer,* b. at Albany 1 July 1868; m. 8 May 1890 Lucy 
Lamont, dau. of Rev. Thomas. 2. Henry Fassett, h. 15 June 1871; 
d. 30 May 1872. 3. Erastus Palmer, of Albany, a Pilgrim Ter- 
centenary member of the New England Historic Genealogical 
Society, b. 22 July 1872; m. (1) 24 Sept. 1901 Flora Myers Brady, 
b. 18 Apr. 1878, d. 3 Oct. 1912, dau. of Anthony N.' and Marcia 
(Myers) of Albany; m. (2) 7 Mar. 1914 Marie (Tinner) Cooke, 
i dau. of Maj. Emory S. Turner of New York City. 4. Helen 

I Paimer,b. 26 Mar. 1875; m. 28 June 1911 Paul Swan. B.Joseph, 

• of Albany, a member of the staff of the New York State Library 

and the compiler of this genealogy, b. 10 Oct. 1876; m. 17 Sept. 
1903 Katherine Hulst, A.B. (Syracuse University, 1896), b. at 
Greenwich, N. Y., 1 Oct. 1872, dau. of Dr. Peter H. and Caroline 
• (CorneD) of Greenwich. 6. Mary Isabel, h. 21 Apr. 1882; d. 25 
Sept. 1882. 7. Walter Palmer, captain, Battery A, Ninetieth 
Coast Artillery Corps, American Expeditionary Forces, in the 
World War, b. 25 June 1886; m. 8 June 1907 Elizabeth G. Mon- 
tague, b. 11 May 1887, dau. of Arthur E. and Cassie (Groesbeck) 
of Albany, 
iii. Margaret, b. 26 Mar. 1846; d. at Pittsfield, Mass., 3 Nov. 1916; 
m. 8 Oct. 1868 Charles Prentice Adams, s. of Dr. L.. S. Adams 
of Stockbridge, Mass. Children: 1. Karl Joseph, now J. K. 
Adam^ of New York City, b. 21 June 1870. 2. Philip Lucius, 
b. 18 Mar. 1882; living at Pittsfield, Mass. 
iv. William Edmonds, b. 10 Feb. 1849; d. s.p. at Brooklyn, N. Y., 
26 May 1905; m. Alice Leask, who d. at Brooklyn 21 Apr. 1910. 
V. Helen Elizabeth, b. 26 Nov. 1850; h^'ing unm. in New York City, 
vi. Clark Robinson, b. 27 June 1852; d. 28 Feb. 1915; m. Angeline 
CoNKLiNG. Children: 1. Margaret Robinson,* b. 8 Oct. 1874; 
m. 27 June 1903 Archibald Henderson, b. in 1872. 2. Mabel 
Maud, b. 23 Sept. 1876; m. 20 Dec. 1904 Richard Sylvester 
O'Brien of New York City. 3. Clark Robinson, b. 14 Jime 1882; 
m. 8 Oct. 1904 Harriet Watts of Yonkers, N. Y. 
vii. Julia Niles, b. 22 Feb. 1855; Hving unm. at Sharon, Conn, 
viii. Chloe Bhadish, b. 29 Apr. 1857; d. s.p. in New York City 14 Dec. 
1912; m. 20 May 1890 Theodore Keese of New York City, 
who m. (2) 25 July 1916 EmiHe Bailie Hayes. 
ix. Pauline, b. 3 Feb. 1860; m. 4 Oct. 1892 Rev. Mild Hudson 
Gates, now vicar of the Chapel of the Intercession, Trinity 
Church, New York City. No children. 

53. Daniel E.* Gavit (Joseph Bloomer,^ John,^ ? Samuel,^ Joseph,^ 
Philip^), born 22 Sept. 1819, died in New York City 1 Mar. 
1875. He married at Albany, N. Y., 22 June 1840, Clarissa 

58 Descendants of Philip Gavet [Jan. 

J, Andrews, bom at Albany 11 Nov. 1819; died in New York 

City 23 Apr. 1899. 
He was a daguerreotypist in the early days of that art, and 

in the Civil War served as captain, Company A, Thirty-eighth 

New York Volunteers. 

i. Marietta E.,^ b. at Albany 23 Jan. 1843; d. in New York City in 
1902; m. at Brooklyn, N. Y., 8 Jan. 1874, Dr. Antius F. John- 
son of Stuyvesant, N. Y., who d. at Yonkers, N. Y., in 1905. 

ii. Emma C, b. at Albany 23 Nov. 1845; d. 20 Dec. 1896; m. at Albany, 
in Nov. 1864, Geobge F. Russell of Albany. 

iii. Henry C„ b. at Albany 9 Dec. 1847; d. in Dec. 1884; m. in New 
York City, in Dec. 1872, Theresa Mastines. 

iv. Charlotte S., b. at Albany 23 Nov. 1848; d. 30 Sept. 1897; m. 13 
Mar. 1867 George C. Covert. 

v. John E., b. at Albany 16 Mar. 1851; d. at Brooklyn, N. Y., 4 Mar. 
1918; m. in Apr. 1872 Julia Hahigan. 

vi. Dudley S. G., b. at Jersey City, N. J., in 1853; d. 31 July 1855. 

54. William Leonard® Gavet (Jonathan,^ Jonathan,^ Jonathan,^ 

Joseph,^ Philip^) was bom 15 July 1824. He married, 1 June 
1852, Julia A. Hobbs of Wells, Me. 

Children : 
i. Andrew Jackson,^ b. in Boston, Mass., 19 Sept. 1853. 
ii. Esther Leonard, b. in Boston, Mass., 14 Sept. 1855. 
iii. Joseph Williams, b. at Cambridge, Mass., 29 Jan. 1858. 

55. William Fobes* Gavet {William Richardson,^ William,^ Jona- 

than,^ Joseph,^ Philip^), of Salem, Mass., broker, born in 
Boston, Mass., 12 Apr. 1838, died at Danvers, Mass., 12 Aug. 
1912. He married, 9 Sept. 1862, Rebecca Oliver Thayer, 
born at Salem 24 Jan. 1840, died 20 July 1897, daughter of 
Capt. Oliver and Rachel L. (Bancroft). 

Mr. Gavet was a resident member of the New England 
Historic Genealogical Society from 1902 until his death, and 
he was also a member of the Essex Institute of Salem. He 
devoted much of his spare time to collecting material for a 
genealogical history of Ids own family.* 

Children, born at Salem : 

i. Rachel Thayer,' b. 1 Sept. 1864; m. in 1892 John Francis Henry 

Wyse, eldest son of Col. Francis Octavius Wyse, U. S. A. They 

reside at Toronto, Province of Ontario, Canada. Four children. 

ii. Louis FoBES, b. 8 June 1870; m. 24 June 1896 Frances Elizabeth 

Bard. Child: 1. Elizabeth Bard,^ b. 24 Dec. 1897. 

*Cf. memoir of William Fobes Gavet in Register, vol. 68, p. Ivi. 

1923] New England Vessels in the Louisbourg Expedition 59 


By Howard Millar Chapin, A.B., of Providence, R. I. 

The expedition of 1745 against Louisbourg is of particular interest, 
not only on account of the brilliant achievement of the capture of 
one of the world's strongest fortresses by an Ul-trained and ill- 
equipped Colonial army, but likewise because of the size and success 
of the Colonial naval contingent. The largest naval force that had 
been raised in the American Colonies convoyed the army, and, in con- 
junction with the British fleet under Commodore Warren, blockaded 
Louisboxu"g. These Colonial vessels, as truly American as their suc- 
j cessors of subsequent centuries, were a sort of prophecy of American 

I prowess on the seas to come. The hard, dihgent, unceasing labors 

i and trying experiences of the^e early seamen have been in a sense 

I thrown into a shadow by the more showy exploits of the land forces, 

j whose aims could nevertheless not have been attained save through 

I the assistance of the Colonial fleet, which convoyed the troops, 

I assisted in the blockade, acted as scouts, guards, and messengers, 

I and kept open the line of communication for supplies and ammunition 

i from New England to the army in the field. 

; The American Navy did not spring forth full-fledged at the out- 

[ break of the Revolution, like PaUas Athene from the head of Zeus. 

I Its roots go back to the Colonial privateersmen and the naval expe- 

i ditions against the French and Spanish. An outline of the naval 

• mancBuvres of the most extensive and important of these expeditions 

I is here for the first time drawn together from scattered and frag- 

i mentary contemporary somrces. Wliile the account is in no sense 

4 exhaustive and &ial, yet it presents for the first time in convenient 

form the records of the movements of the vessels and wiU enable 

information discovered in the future to be easily checked and 


The date and place of sailing of the first Colonial naval contingent 
in the secret expedition against Louisbourg in 1745 seems to be stUl 
shrouded in ahnost as fiiuch mystery as it was when it occurred. 
Governor Shirley on Apr. 3 said that the six vessels had sailed 
about three weeks before; but, as some sailed before 'Ma.r. 13 and 

♦This account of the movements of the Colonial vessels in the Louisbourg Expedition of 1745 
is based primarily on the printed diaries of Rev. Adonijah Bidwell, Chaplain of the Fleet (Reqisteb, 
vol. 27, pp. 153-160), Benjamin Cleaves (i6., vol. 66, pp. 113-124). Sir William Pepperell (.Pro- 
ceedings of the American Antiquarian Society, New Series, vol. 20, pp. 141-176), Dudley Bradstreet 
{Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society, vol. 31, pp. 417—446), Benjamin Stearns 
(t6., vol. 42, pp. 135-144), and Rev. Joseph Emerson (ib., vol. 44, pp. 65-84), the Pepperell 
Papers (Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society, Series 6, vol. 10), the Letters of Capt. 
George Curwen (Historical Collections of the Essex Institute, vol. 3, pp. 185-188), the Letters and 
Journal of Benjamin Craft (ih., voL 6, pp. 181-194), the Journal of Lieut. Daniel Giddings (ib., 
; vol. 48, pp. 293-304), the Letters and Journal of Maj. Seth Pomeroy (in Trumbull's History of 

Northampton, Massachusetts, voL 2), Roger Wolcott's Journal (Collections of the Connecticut 
Historical Society, vol. 1, pp. 131-161), and various anonymous manuscript diaries in the Ubrary 
of the Massachusetts Historical Society. Other contemporary sources, such as the Massachusetts 
Provincial records and archives, the Suffolk County Court files, the Boston News-Letter, etc. 
have been used to substantiate and amphfy the items in the diaries. 

60 New England Vessels in the Louisbourg Expedition [Jan. 

three sailed on Mar. 16, it is clear that Shirley was speaking roughly, 
combining the two contingents and approximating the date. 

On Mar. 6, 1744/5, the snow* Prince of Orange, 14 guns,t Capt. 
Joseph Smithurst, and the ship Fame, 24 guns, Capt. Thomas Thomp- 
son, were ordered to cruise in consort under Capt. Smithurst's orders. 
The Prince of Orange probably sailed from Boston in company with the 
brigantinel Boston Packet, 12 guns, Capt. WiUiam Fletcher, to Cape 
Ann Harbor, where they were joined by the Fame. The Fame and 
the Coesar had, in the latter part of February, been ordered to pro- 
ceed from Newport, R. I., to the place of rendezvous, then specified 
as Cape Ann. These two vessels, usually called by contemporary 
writers the "Rhode Island ship" and the "Rhode Island snow," 
were privateers, and both belonged to PhiUp Wilkinson and Daniel 
Ayrault, Jr., of Newport. Thomas Hutchinson, on behaK of the 
Province of Massachusetts, went to Newport and chartered these 
vessels for this expedition, and Newport merchants subscribed some 
£8000 towards the hire of the Coesar and probably also of the Fame. 
The same captains and crews were retained. The Fame was a ship 
of 250 tons and the Coesar a snow of 130 tons. Each of these vessels 
carried as many swivel guns as carriage guns. At this period it was 
customary to carry as many, if not more, swivel guns as carriage 
guns, although only carriage guns were reckoned in descriptions of 
the vessels. Many of the transports carried swivel guns, and the 
larger merchant vessels carried carriage guns as a matter of pre- 
caution. The Prince of Orange, called the "Province snow," and the 
Boston Packet, sometimes called the "Boston galley,"§ were owned 
by the Province, the latter having been purchased for use in this 

The Prince of Orange and the vessels with her were sighted off 
Brown Banks, about 90 leagues from Boston, on Mar. 15. The 
"Habitant" says that two of the English Colonial cruisers were 
sighted off Louisbourg^ on Mar. 14,] | but this date is too early. On 
the other hand Parkman says that the cruisers first arrived there on 
Mar. 25, which is four days later than the time when the Molineux 
actually arrived off Louisbourg. 

The snow Coesar, 14 guns, Capt. John Griffith, was ordered on 
Mar. 12 to impress 20 seamen and then to follow the ships that had 
already sailed from Cape Ann under Captain Smithurst's command. 
On the next day. Mar. 13, this order was countermanded, and the 
Casar was ordered to sail in company with the Massachusetts and 
to act imder Commodore Tyng's orders. If the Coesar was at Cape 

*A snow differs from a brig in that it has a trya^ mast just abaft and close to the mainmast, 
which carries a trysail on a gaff and boom. The trysail mast goes into the maintop, and the try- 
sail is furled without lowering the gaff. 

tBidwell has been followed in regard to the armaments. He is correct in five out of the six 
cases that can be verified. 

JThe terms 'brigantine and brig were used interchangeably at this period, the latter being an 
abbreviation or corruption of the former, and were applied to the sort of vessel now known as 
a brig. 

{A galley carries its guns on a continuous or flush deck, unlike a frigate, which has deep waists 
and high poops. Cf. Preble in Register, vol. 22, p. 396. 

lIThe Lettre d'un Habitant, p. 36, reads: "Mars 14. Ce fut le quatorze, que nous vimes les 
premiers Navires ennemis, ils n'etoient encore que deux et nous les primes d'abord pour des Vais- 
seauz Francais." 

1923] New England Vessels in the Louishourg Expedition 


Ann at this time, she soon went to Boston, where she certainly 
was three days later.* 

Commodore Edward Tyng, in the ship Massachusetts, a new 
frigate of 22 gmis, his flagship,! sailed from Boston about noon on 
Mar. 16, in company with the ship MoUneux, 24 gmis, Capt. Jonathan 
Snelling, and the snow Ccesar. The Massachusetts had been purchased 
by the Province, while she was still on the stocks, and the MoUneux 
had been chartered for the expedition. Cleaves says that Tyng sailed 
from Boston on Mar. 12; but, if this is so, either he went only to 
Nantasket or else he returned. 

The MoUneux, on the voyage to Cape Breton, lost sight of the 
Massachusetts and the Ccesar on Mar. 18, in a fog. The next day 
she was on George's Banks, and sighted the Massachusetts again on 
the following day and Louisbourg Harbor on -the 20th. 

The ship Massachusetts, enlarged from a contemporary engraving of 
1745. Curiously enough the engraver mistook her rating of 20 guns 
for a broadside of 20 guns. 

One shudders to think of the hardships of the crews of these little 
vessels, tossed about in the stinging cold winds of the North Atlantic 
in early spring, amid icebergs and ice fields, beaten upon by snow, 
sleet, and chilling rain, and now and then shut in by a dense fog, 
all the while off a hostile coast and with scarcely any of our modern 
aids to navigation. 

Upon reaching Cape Breton Island the fleet stood on and off, 

*The briefs in the case of Notre Dame de la Deliverance state that the Massachusetts frigate went 
to Cape Ann to pick up the Ccesar, evidently following the original orders rather than 
the events. These briefs are often inaccurate in regard to details not pertinent to their arguments. 

tShe is often called the Massachusetts frigate, doubtless to disti n guish her from the Province, 
sloop Maaaachusetts, Captain Saunders. A frigate is a ship of war, usually of two decks, light built 
and designed for swift sailing. 

62 New England Vessels in the Louisbourg Expedition [Jan. 

blockading icebound Louisbourg, and waiting for the delayed 
arrival of the land forces under the convoy of Captains Rous and 

On Mar. 17 two of the Massachusetts armed sloops, the Resolution, 
often caUed the Resolute, 10 guns, Capt. David Donahue,* which was 
owned by Thomas Tillebrown, William Bowdoin, Jacob Griggs, and 
Andrew Hall, and was leased to the Province for £1200 per month, 
old tenor, and the Bonetta, 6 guns, Capt. Robert Becket, sometimes 
called Beckwith,t preceded the main body of the Massachusetts 
contingent, saihng from Boston and apparent'y touching at Pis- 
cataqua, and, while coasting along Nova Scotia, touched at Knowles 
Harbor or Owl's Head. Upon seeing some Indians Captain Donahue 
hoisted French colors on his own sloop and French colors with English 
colors under them on the Bonetta, so that the Indians thought that 
it was a French privateer with a prize. Three of the Indians came 
on board to trade, and Captain Donahue immediately put them in 
irons. From these Indians it was learned that the French intended 
to besiege Port Royal, now Annapolis Royal. These two sloops 
with their prisoners reached Canso, the French Canseau, on Mar. '25. 

The Molineux came down from Cape Breton to Canso, where 
she arrived Mar. 26. The land forces were expected there at this 
time, but only the Resolution and Bonetta had as yet arrived. The 
Molineux stayed at Canso during a few days of bad weather, and 
sailed on the afternoon of Mar. 29 for Louisbourg. 

On Mar. 15 the New Hampshire Colony sloop Abigail, 10 guns, 
Capt. John Fernald, with several transports, sailed from Portsmouth 
to Newcastle, and on Mar. 21 the entire New Hampshire fleet of 
twelve vessels sailed from Newcastle for Canso, where they arrived 
Mar. 31. . 

Meanwhile the Massachusetts soldiers had been embarking at 
Charlestown, Boston, and elsewhere, and the vessels had been 
assembling at King's Roads, now Nantasket, in Boston Harbor. 
Three vessels arrived there on or before, probably on, Mar. 17, 
thirteen on the 18th, two on the 19th, two on the 20th, ten on the 
21st, ten on the 22d, eight on the 23d and seven on the 24th. Cleaves 
says that fifty-two sailed on the 24th, thus leaving apparently three 
at Boston. We know that two were left. 

At fom" o'clock in the afternoon on Sunday, Mar. 24, the first 
Massachusetts contingent of some 2800 men, in fiftj^HDue vessels, 
under the convoy of the snow Shirley, often called the Shirley gallej'', 
24 guns, Capt. John Rous, sailed from King's Roads. George White- 
field, the evangehst, had given the expedition somev.'hat the aspect 
of a crusade by suggesting as a motto for their flag : Nil desperandum 
Christo duce. 

They reached Sheepscot on the 26th. The second contingent, of 
200 rtien, sailed on the 26th from Boston. At nine in the morning on 
the 29th the fleet of sixty-three sail weighed anchor at Sheepscot 
and proceeded on its way. A slight accident occurred, one of the 
sloops running on a rock. In addition to the Shirley, the fleet was 

♦David Donahue waa appointed captain of the Resolution Feb. 27, 1744/5. 
tShefiBeld, p. 16, calls him Beckwith of Connecticut. 

1923] New England Vessels in the Louisbourg Expedition 63 

guarded by three other armed vessels, the Province sloop Massa- 
chusetts, 10 guns, Capt. Thomas Saunders, a sloop of 8 guns, Captain 
Swan, and a sloop of 6 guns. Captain Bush {alias Bosch). The names 
and the captains of only a few of the fifty-nine transports which made 
up the fleet have as yet been discovered. 

The Humming Bird was commanded by Captain Honiwell, the 
Hannah and Mary by Capt. David Carmida, the schooner Fish- 
hawk by Captain Newmarch, the schooner Sally by Capt. Joseph 
Smith, and the schooner Seaflower by Captain Wadlin. There is 
said to have been a sloop Seaflower, commanded by Capt. Jona- 
than Sayward of York, Me. (Burrage, Maine at Louisbourg, pages 
22, 86.) There was a schooner Elizabeth and also a sloop Elizabeth. 
The three despatch packets were commanded by Capt. Moses 
Bennett (who gave up his command of the Bonetta to go into this 
service), Capt. Joseph Sniith, and Capt. Michael Hodge. These 
vessels were to ply between Boston and General Headquarters. 
Captain Loring and Captain Giddings each commanded a schooner. 
Other transports were commanded by Mr. Dodd, Captain Stone, 
Captain Lovett, Captain West, Mr. Hammond, Mr. Allen, Captain 
Daggett, Robert White, Samuel Barnes, and Captain Mitchell, the 
last-named in a sloop owned by Nathaniel Sparhawk. Captain 
Stone's vessel and a Captain Adams's vessel were left behind and 
did not reach Sheepscot with the Shirley. 

As might be expected at that season of the year, the fleet was 
scattered by the bad weather that was encountered on the voyage. 
A northeast storm raged all day on the 30th and through the follow- 
ing night. Then during Sunday, Mar. 31, the vessels tossed about 
all day in a calm, with high, sickly swells left over from the storm. 
Another storm raged all day Monday. 

According to Dr. Usher Parsons (Life of Pepperell, page 57) some 
of the transports arrived at Canso on Apr. 1. Certainly the sloop 
Massachusetts, Captain Saunders, and six transports with her arrived 
on the 2d. The Shirley, carrying Pepperell and Rous, with twenty 
vessels, arrived on the 4th. On that day the ship Massachusetts 
reached Canso from Louisbourg. 

Meanwhile the Molineux sighted a vessel on Apr. 1 and gave 
chase. The chase lasted all day, and the vessel put into Canso. 
Captain Snelling on that account considered the vessel a friend. 
The Molineux lay off the harbor that night, but got becalmed in 
the morning when she tried to enter the harbor. At least seventeen 
vessels could be seen in the harbor. When the wind sprang up later 
in the day the Molinewt: put to sea. On Apr. 3 she spoke the Prince 
of Orange, the Ccesar, and the Fame, part of the fleet blockading 
Louisbourg. There were rumors of an incipient mutiny among the 
crew of the Molineux on the 4th. She put back into Canso on the 
following morning about 8 o'clock. 

The Boston Packet, Captain Fletcher, about 15 leagues east of 
Cape Breton, captured on Apr. 2 a sloop loaded with rum, wine, 
brandy, and indigo from Martinique, and brought her into Canso on 
the forenoon of the 5th. This was the first prize taken in the expe- 
dition, and was usually spoken of as the "Martinico sloop." The 

64 New England Vessels in the Louisbourg Expedition [Jan. 

Molineux and the schooner Hannah and Mary reached Canso on this 
day (Apr. 5). Pomeroy says that there were sixty-eight vessels at 
Canso on this date, and Craft says that on the 7th there were five 
vessels cruising off Cape Breton. These were the Fame, Ccesar, Prince 
of Orange, Molineux, and the ship Massachusetts. The two last- 
mentioned, the Molineux and the ship Massachusetts, sailed from 
Canso for Cape Breton Apr. 7, and were joined by the Boston Packet 
on the following day. Seven more transports arrived at Canso on 
the 8th and 9th.* Nine more transports, the last, except for one, 
of those battered about and delayed by the storm, came in on the 
11th. These included the Humming Bird; Captain Honiwell, Captain 
Lovett's vessel, and Captain West's vessel. One diarist states that 
twelve transports arrived on the 8th and twelve more on the 11th. 
Of these, three reached Island Harbor on or before Apr. 9. The 
transport that Cleaves was on reached there at 6 P.M. on the 9th. 
The Resolution and two transp)orts arrived at Island Harbor on the 
9th. On the 10th nine vessels sailed from Island Harbor and reached 
Canso at 2 o'clock in the afternoon of the 11th. 

The prize "Martinico sloop," which had been captured by Fletcher 
in the Boston Packet, sailed for Boston with despatches Apr. 11. 
She reached Portsmouth, N. H., on the 20th, sailed again the next 
day, and reached Boston Apr. 22. Apparently it was planned to send 
a duplicate copy of the despatches by a brigantine, in case the 
"Martinico gloop" should be taken by the French or lost at sea, but 
instead the duplicates were finally sent by the first packet, Capt. 
Moses Bennett, which sailed about Apr. 28. Bennett probably reached 
Boston about May 4 and probably brought back Shirley's letter of 
May 5, doubtless arriving at Chapeaurouge Bay about the 11th. 

On Apr. 10 Giddings and some other soldiers in a whaleboat 
pursued a French shallop off the mouth of Canso Harbor, but without 
success. Captain Donahue in the Resolution was sent to the Gut of 
Canso on the 12th, where about 10 o'clock on the following morning, 
at Doe Island, he captured eight Indians, of whom it is said that 
one was a chief and one a queen, and brought them back prisoners 

to Canso on Apr. 14. Captains Cobb and ' B " were sent 

over towards St. Peter's on the 15th, with twenty-four men, in two 
whaleboats, but ice prevented their landing. These two captains 

were probably from the land forces, and Captain B was 

perhaps Capt. Israel Bayley, of the same regiment as Capt. SUvanus 
Cobb. On Apr. 15 the Molineux, while cruising off Cape Breton 
Island, was surrounded by vast cakes of ice, some of them nearly 
50 feet thick. Such were the hardships encountered by these hardy 
Colonial sailors. 

On the next day, Apr. 16, the Boston Packet and the Molineux 
chased two French brigantines. One escaped, and the other was 
overtaken by the Molineux amidst the ice and fog, about 10 leagues 
from Canso. The Molineux fired three guns at her, whereupon the 
brigantine struck her colors, without offering any resistance. She 

*Pepperell does not mention the arrival of any transports on the 8th, but one diarist states 
that he arrived on that day, smd Pomeroy writes: "Monday at evening, whioh was the 8th of 
April, came in seven more." 

I 1923] New England Vessels in the Louisbourg Expedition 65 

I proved to be the Victory, 6 guns, formerly commanded by Captain 

j Loring,* and captured by the French in 1744. She had a cargo of 

I rum, molasses, coffee, sugar, chocolate, and syrup, valued at £25,000, 

i and was bound from Martinique for Louisbourg. She had recently 

! captured two Cape Ann schooners, what to-daj"" would doubtless 

I be called Gloucester fishermen. The Boston Packet convoyed the 

I Victory into Canso on Apr. 17. 

{ On that day a vessel was sighted off Canso, and Captains Donahue, 

1 Becket, and Swan went in chase.f It being calm, eleven whaleboats 

!; towed the Resolution out of the harbor. At dawn on the 18th the 

Molineux captured a schooner which had been taken by the French 
brigantine St. Jean, 8 guns, about a week before. After taking the 
schooner, the Molineux gave chase to the St. Jean and followed 
her all day. Before the Molineux came up with her, however, the 
French vessel was overtaken and captured by the Resolution, Captain 
Donahue, a league or two from Canso. About 6 o'clock in the after- 
noon Captains Donahue and Swan brought the prize into Canso, 
and sailed again before dusk. Capt. Wilham Adams was a prisoner 
on board of the brigantine, and reported that his vessel, the schooner 
St. Peter, while carrying despatches from Boston to Newfoundland, 
had been captured by the St. Jean on Apr. 12. Captain Brimble- 
comb was also a prisoner on the St. Jean, his vessel having been 
captured by her. 

According to Steams, Captains Donahue and Becket captured a 
Cape. Ann schooner that had been taken by the French the day 
before and brought her into Canso on Apr. 18. This is doubtless 
identical with the schooner taken by the Molineux, mentioned above. 
The discrepancies in the different accounts are no greater than one 
might expect to find in reports circulated in camp. Cleaves (who is 
sometimes contradictory and in some instances a day later than other 
diarists) and another diarist state that two recaptured schooners 
were brought in on the 19th, doubtless referring to this schooner, 
which appears to have been Captain Brimblecomb's, and to the one 
taken by the Prince of Orange and mentioned later, which came in 
during the afternoon. The Borietto, Captain Becket, sailed on the 
19th, but foimd nothing but an iceberg and retxu-ned about 2 P.M. 
No sooner had the Molineux come up with the Resolution and the 
St. Jean, then reports of heavy cannon fire were heard. The Moli- 
neux followed the sound, and soon joined the ship Massachusetts, the 
Fame, and the Ccesar, who were fighting the French frigate Renommee, 
36 guns. Captain Kersaint. This ship had been sighted off Canso 
Harbor on the 18th, and the Shirley, Captain Ex)us, the sloop Massa- 
chusetts, Captain Saunders, and the Abigail, Captain Fernald, had 
been sent in chase about 3 o'clock in the afternoon. The Renommee 
escaped in the thick weather and darkness, but was chased again 
by the fleet in the morning. Stearns states that she was chased by 
nine Colonial cruisers, and escaped. Commodore Tyng of the ship 
Massachusetts wrote the following account of the engagement: 

•See also Boston Newa-Letler for Apr. 5, Apr. 18, and May 9, 1745. 

tPepperell says Captain Donahue and a schooner, but Fepperell is not always aocurata 
in regard to rigs, and calls the Prince of Orange a schooner. George Curwen, in a letter dated Apr. 
17, but perhaps finished later, eays Donahue and Swan of Marblehead. 

66 New England Vessels in the Louisbourg Expedition [Jan. 

"The ship which we chased came up very fast till within gunshot. Twice 
he struck his colors. Capt. Griffith in the Cwsar came across him and 
they exchanged a broadside with each other. Then Capt. Smithurst [in 
the Prince of Orange] came across him and did the same. Captain Fletcher 
[in the Boston Packet] also; and if Capt. Snelling [in the Molineux] had 
tacked in time, as the chase was running down towards him, we should have 
taken him. I believe that the chase flung something overboard, which gave 
him the start of us again. We were not much more than a gunshot from 
him tiU it was quite dark, and then had chased him so far that I was afraid 
of running ashore, and in tacking lost sight of him. For the rest, I refer 
your Honor to Capt. Rous [of the Shirley]. I expected he would keep 
in with the shore, so I kept in close by the ice the whole night. The Rhode 
Island men behave extraordinary well, though their vessels [the Fame and 
the Casar] saU very bad. They are quite out of wood and water and we 
have spared them all we can." 

The Shirley fired 115 guns at the Renommie in this encounter. 
Captains Femald and Saunders commanded the other two vessels 
that made up the nine mentioned as being in the chase. 

On Apr. 19 Captain Smithurst's mate brought into Canso a Cape 
Ann schooner that had been recently taken by the Prince of Orange 
off Chapeaurouge Bay (Gabarus Bay), and Captain Saunders 
returned. Captain Swan sailed at 3 P.M. Captain Femald, in the 
New Hampshire Colony sloop Abigail, recaptured the schooner 
St. Peter on the 18th off Chapeaurouge Bay, and brought her into 
Canso on April 20.* Pomeroy states that this was the sixth prize 
brought into Canso. 

The Resolution, Captain Donahue, returned to Canso on the 20th, 
and, carrying thirty soldiers and an oflttcer and accompanied by the 
Bonetta, Captain Becket, sailed about 6 P.M. on Apr. 21 from Canso 
for the Bay of Vert, where they were to cruise for the purpose of 
intercepting and capturing provision vessels, and had orders not to 
land. On this day, also, Lieut. Col. Edward Evelith of the Fifth 
Massachusetts Regiment was sent, with seventy men, two schooners 
(or sloops, according to one diarist), one of which was perhaps the 
schooner Fishhawk, and five whaleboats, against the town of St. 
Peter's, on Cape Breton Island. On Apr. 21 Joseph Emerson, 
chaplain of the Molineux, wrote: 

"We saw a sail, gave chase, came up about 11 o'clock, found her to be a 
sloop who just before we came up retook a schooner which the brig took 
sometime ago from Boston with stores for the army & wine for the General." 

The Shirley returned to Canso Apr. 21. On Apr. 22 the Molineux 
and the ship Massachusetts were cruising near each other off Cape 
Breton. On this day H.M.S. EUham, 40 guns, Capt. Philip Durell, 
arrived at Canso from Piscataqua, after a voyage of six days.' She 
was the first of His Majesty's vessels to join the Colonial forces. 
When she received her orders to join the expedition, she was just 
on the point of sailing for England as convoy for the mast ships, 
as the vessels were called that carried to Europe the American timber 
that was to be used for vessels' masts. At 6 o'clock in the evening 

♦According to Cleaves, at 3 o'clock, Apr. 21. Perhaps he means the preceding afternoon, as 
this item is followed by accounts of what happened in the morning. Cf. his record in regard to 

1923] New England Ve&seh in the Louisbourg Expedition 67 

one of the transports, which had been given up as lost, arrived at 
Canso in good condition. 

It was at first planned to add the St. Jean to the fleet of Colonial 
cruisers and to send her out in search of the St. Peter, but later this 
was decided to be inadvisable. She was, however, ordered to carry 
water, wood, and provisions from Canso to the fleet off Louisbourg 
on Apr. 22. That night a disorderly affray occurred on board the 
brigantine Victory, and her commander, Capt. John Friend, was on 
that account replaced by Capt. William Adams. 

On the 23d Lieutenant Colonel Evelith returned to Canso from 
St. Peter's, where he had burned some French houses. He brought 
with him a French prize sloop laden with wood. They had captured 
another sloop, but were forced to abandon her, and a third sloop 
that they chased ran ashore. 

Commodore Peter Warren, with H.M.S. Superb, 60 guns, Capt. 
Richard Tiddeman, H.M.S. Launceston, 40 guns, Capt. Warwick 
Calmady, and H.M.S. Mermaid, 40 guns, Capt. James Douglas, 
touched at Canso on Apr. 23, in the forenoon, and then proceeded to 
Cape Breton to join the Colonial cruisers blockading Louisbourg. 
The Abigail, Captain Fernald, was sent to blockade the harbor of 
St. Peter's. 

On the morning of Apr. 24 the three men-of-war under Commodore 
Warren joined the fleet off Louisbourg. The Boston Packet took a 
schooner loaded with wood, which was formerly commanded by 
Captain Donnel and had been captured by the French off Annapolis 
Basin in 1744. The Fame captured a sloop that ran ashore while 
attempting to escape. She also was loaded with wood. In the 
afternoon a shallop was taken. These vessels came from St. Peter's 
and were captiured at Margaret's Bay. 

It is now necessary to go back in point of time to Apr. 14, when 
the Connecticut contingent, consisting of five sloops, two brigantines,* 
and one schooner, eight vessels in all, seven transports and the 
Connecticut Colony guard sloop Defence,^ 12 guns, commanded by 
Captain Prentice, sailed from New London at 11 o'clock Simday 
morning. It should be noted that both the Massachusetts and the 
Connecticut contingents sailed on Sunday. The Rhode Island 
Colony sloop Tartar, a brig of 14 guns, Capt. Daniel Fones, accom- 
panied the Connecticut fleet as an additional safeguard. They reached 
Holmes Hole (Vineyard Haven) on the 13th, Nantucket on the 15th, 
and Cape Sable on the 21st. One of the transports was the schooner 
Charming Molly, Captain Byles. Another Connecticut transport was 
the sloop Diamond, Capt. Ephraim Doane, and five others appear to 
have been commanded by Captains Coit, Robbins,. Mumford, Tal- 
cott, and Lais. It is possible that some of these were not in this 
fleet, but capae up to Louisbourg later with re enforcements or supplies. 
Capt. Aaron Bull commanded a Connecticut transport sloop which 

*CIeaves says that one of the Connecticut vessels was a snow. 

tFrancis Parkman in the Atlantic Monthly for March, 1891, p. 322, wrote: "two sloops hired in 
Connecticut of 16 guns each." Burrage, p; 22, follows Parkman. He states also that there were 
13 vessels in the fleet, viz., Massachusetts, 9; Connecticut, 2; Rhode Island, 1; and New Hamp- 
shire, 1. There were in reality 15 armed vessels, viz., Massachusetts, 12 (of which 2 were hired 
from Rhode Island owners); Connecticut, 1; Rhode Island. 1; and New Hampshire, 1. 


68 New England Vessels in the Louisbourg Expedition [Jan. 

arrived at Louisbourg on Aug. 10. This vessel may have been in the 
fleet which sailed on Apr. 14 and may have returned to Connecticut 
in May, June, or July. 

The French cruiser Renommee was sighted by the Connecticut fleet 
on Apr. 23 off Pope's Head, The Tartar left the fleet and went out 
to meet the Renommee, firing two bow chasers at tier. The French 
ship replied with two broadsides of at least 60 cannon. The Tartar, 
greatly inferior in armament, lead the Renommee away from the 
transports, which were thereby enabled to reach Tor Bay, N. S., 
in safety. The Tartar's jib halliards were shot away, and Captain 
Fones found it necessary to cut down the waist of the Tartar in 
order to make her sail better. After an eight hour's chase to wind- 
ward the Tartar proved herself a better sailer than the Renommee 
and escaped in the night. 

The Connecticut transports and the Defence reached Canso on 
Apr. 24 at 11 A.M. (or, according to Cleaves, at 9 A.M.), and reported 
that the Tartar had probably been captured by the French ship. 
At noon Captain Swan sailed from Canso with despatches for 
Commodore Warren. 

On Apr. 25, at 5 o'clock, the snow Ccesar, Captain Griffith, 
arrived at Canso from Cape Breton, with news that the ice had 
gone from Louisbourg. She took on wood and water. At 1 o'clock 
in the afternoon the Tartar fiired five guns and came to anchor at 
Canso, only shghtly damaged by her combat with the Renommee. 
Captain Femald returned from his expedition against St. Peter's, 
having touched at the Isle de Madame. On ttus day, off Louis- 
bourg, a French ship of 14 guns, laden with wine, etc., escaped 
Commodore Warren in the fog, but six hours later was attacked by 
the ship Massachusetts. She, however, again escaped in the fog and 
night, and got into Louisbourg. The Massachusetts lost one man in 
the engagement. 

On Apr. 26 Captain Swan reached Canso, with news that the fleet 
off Louisbourg had captured three French vessels two days before. 
Lieutenant General Pepperell transferred his headquarters from the 
Shirley to the sloop Massachusetts, Captain Saunders's vessel. Cap- 
tain Rous in the Shirley and Captain Fones in the Tartar sailed from 
Canso in quest of the Renommee. They cniised to the westward, and 
fell in with the Renommee to the west of George's Banks, where 
they attacked her, but, being a better sailer, she escaped. The 
Shirley continued westward, and reached Nantasket on May 2. 

Between 5 and 7 o'clock in the morning of Apr. 29 the New Eng- 
land armada sailed from Canso, in four divisions of transports, under 
the convoy of "an armed snow and two armed sloops." Light winds 
prevented their reaching Chapeaurouge Bay before night, as had 
been hoped. Commodore Warren and some of his fleet, which now 
included the Colonial cruisers as weU as His Majesty's ships, were 
sighted in the afternoon, and a brigantine laden v\ith suppHes was 
sent out to them. Colonel Moulton, with four or five vessels under 
convoy of the Abigail, Captain Femald, made an attack on St. 
Peter's with 270 men. 

After a day and night at sea the fleet and army under Pepperell 

1923] New England Vessels in the Louisbourg Expedition 69 

arrived at Chapeaurouge Bay about 10 o'clock in the morning on 
t Apr, 30. Meanwhile the Resolution and the Bonetta, preceding the 

i transports, had destroyed the fishing villages of St. Pierre,* St. 

I Esprit, and Fourche. Commodore Warren's men-of-war bombarded 

I the forts of Lonisbom-g, while the troops disembarked 10 miles away 

j at Chapeaurouge Bay, their landing being covered by the gunfire 

I from the vessels of Captains Fletcher, Saunders, and Bush. The 

{ village at Lorembec was also destroyed. 

{ In the morning of Apr. 30 a French ship was chased by some of 

I the cruisers into Manaton (Menadon) Bay, eastward from Louis- 

i bourg. The Molineux, the Fame, the Launceston, and the Eltham 

\ were in the chase, and the Molineux finally got close enough to attack 

and capture the French vessel.f She was the Marie de Grdce, 14 
guns, from Granville for Louisbourg, laden with suppKes. Commo- 
dore Warren asked PeppereU for several fast-saiUng schooners to 
carry messages, three schooners to attend him off Louisbourg, some 
for fishing, a fast schooner to send to Newfoundland with despatches, 
and Captain Bush's sloop to blockade the mouth of the harbor at 
night. PeppereU replied that he would send such vessels as soon as 
they were unloaded. He also suggested that Commodore Warren 
I should join with Brig. Gen. ^amuel Waldo and himseK and fit out a 

! brigantine as a privateer on their own account. This plan, however, 

I does not appear to have been carried out. The Defence and the 

I brigantine referred to, which was valued at £1910, old tenor, at 

I Canso, and which had a cargo of clothing for the sailors, together 

I with Mr. Dodd's vessel, took prisoners and despatches out to the 

I fleet on May 2. The Defence retiimed and anchored in Chapeaurouge 

I Bay that night. The Boston Packet chased a sloop and a schooner 

f into one of the bays east of Louisbourg, but they escaped because 

-; there were no light-draft schooners to go after them. 

: The Defence cruised off Louisbourg on May 3. Five of the desired 

schooners reached Commodore Warren on the 4th, and were soon 
followed by two more and by one to take despatches to Newfoundland. 
The fifth schooner, the Fishhawk, Captain Newmarch, sailed from 
Chapeaurouge Bay on the 4th. On this day the fleet drew up in line 
of battle in front of Louisbourg Harbor, and the ship Massachusetts, 
the Prince of Orange, the Fame, the Defence, the Eltham, and at least 
one schooner sailed eastward in search of two ships said to be in a 
harbor there. 

Meanwhile Captain Donahue had been repulsed in the Bay of 
.Vert, and Capt. Richard Jacques, who accompanied him, had been 
killed. In this expedition the Resolution went as far as the Isle de 
St. Jean, where a landing party burnt a considerable number of 
houses, destroyed the cattle, and frightened the inhabitants, thus 
deterring them from sending help or suppUes to Louisbourg. Return- 

^FerhaiM a fishing village on Isle St. Pierre, evidently not the town of St, Peter'a. The Boston 
News-Letttr for May 23 says that the fisheries at Forechetto and Lawrembeque were destroyed. 

fTbe logs of the LaunceiUm and the Mermaid enter this capture under the date of May 1, This 
U due to the fact that the nautical day in a ship's log always runs from noon of one day to noon 
of the next, and is called by the calendar day on which it ends, so that any events occurring in tha 
afternoon or evening are entered under the date of the following day. Bradstreet records a rumor 
that two supply ships were taken. 

70 New England Vessels in the Louishourg Expedition [Jan. 

ing with two small prize sloops, the Resolviion reached Canso on 
or before May 4. 

The expedition under Colonel Monlton destroyed the town of 
St. Peter's, burnt four schooners, and then returned with one prize 
schooner to Canso, where they turned the prisoners over to the 
garrison there. Then they proceeded eastward, and joined the main 
body of the army at Chapeaurouge Bay on the 5th. Captain Donahue 
at Canso on May 7 discovered and frustrated a plot among the 
French prisoners to carry off the brigantine Victory. 

The second of the four supply vessels mentioned by Shirley 
seems to have been the sloop Good Intent, Captain Bradford, which 
left Boston about Apr. 24 and reached Canso May 8, having run 
ashore at the mouth of the harbor the previous night and lost her 
boom. The third vessel was the sloop Philadelphia, Capt. John 
Stinson, which sailed from Boston about Apr. 26. The "fourth 
sloop" doubtless came in the fleet that was convoyed by the Shirley. 
On May 8 the Resolviion, Captain Donahue, and the Bonetia, 
Captain Becket, went on a short cruise to the harbor of St. Peter's 
and places adjacent, and Captain Arno was put in command of one 
of Donahue's prize sloops and sent with despatches to Chapeaurouge 

Captains Donahue and Becket were in search of French vessels 
said to be laid up in the vicinity of St. Peter's. They foimd and cap- 
tured a sloop, a schooner, and at least one other vessel, probably 
a sloop, and returned to Canso on or before May 10. On that day 
Captain Donahue sighted a ship to the westward which was thought 
to be H.M.S. Bien Aim4, Capt. Clark Gayton, which had sailed from 
Nantasket on May 3. 

The Resolution, Captain Donahue, joined the fleet off Louisbourg, 
and came into Chapeaurouge Bay on the 11th, and a schooner that 
had been in the expedition to the eastward returned to Chapeaurouge 
Bay. The Tartar, Captain Fones, which had returned to the fleet 
after her cruise with the Shirley in pursuit of the RenommSe, was 
sent to the eastward to summon to Chapeaurouge Bay the vessels 
that had not as yet returned from that expedition and also the 
Mermaid and the Molineux, that were cruising to the eastward. 
The Tartar cruised on this mission for five days, meeting the Defence 
on the 13th and presumably some of the other vessels, and retiuned 
to Chapeaurouge Bay, where she lay on the 16th. The aforesaid 
expedition reached St. Ann's Bay on the 6th. The schooners (appar- 
ently there was more than one in the expedition) went in to the bay 
during the morning, and the Defence went in and landed men in the 
afternoon. The next day a landing party with the EUham's barge 
and yawl attacked and burnt St. Ann, a town of about 20 houses 
and between 20 and 40 shallops. They took one prisoner and much 
loot, consisting of 12 or 15 feather beds, 3 or 4 cases of bottles, 
chests with clothes, iron pots, brass kettles, candlesticks, frying palis, 
pewter plates, spoons, etc. 

On the 8th the Prince of Orange and the Defence weighed anchor 
at 4 P.M. and sailed northward. They captured a shallop, but 
turiied it adrift in a snowstorm. On the 9th they reached Aganish 

1 1923] Genealogical Research in England 71 


I [Nigonish] Bay and burnt a town of 80 houses. They also destroyed 

J the towns of Bradore and Bayonne, as well as St. Ann. At noon 

I they started back for Louisbourg, but were forced to lay to until the 

!12th on account of stormy weather. On the 13th the Defence met 
the Tartar about sunrise and reached Chapeaurouge Bay about 
I 11 o'clock. On the 8th the ship Massachusetts ran afoul of the Eltham 

I in the fog at night, stove in the latter's larboard quarter, and tore her 

; ■ mainsail. The Massachusetts carried away her bowsprit in the crash. 

1 The EUham reached Louisbourg some time between May 13 and 16. 

i Capt. Moses Bennett, in command of one of the despatch packets, 

i sailed from Chapeavu-ouge Bay on the 12th and reached Boston on 

the 17th. Captain Donahue, in the Resolution, sailed with despatches 
and prisoners on the 12th for Boston, stopping on the way at Canso 
for his cable, anchor, and boat which he had left there. He reached 
Boston on the 18th. The Molineux spoke the ship Massachusetts on 
the 12th and the Bien Aime on the 13th. Captain Gayton, in the 
Bien Aime, who had left Nantasket May 3, was off Louisbourg on 
the 13th, having spoken the ship Massachusetts, the Molineux, and 
j a schooner from Chapeaurouge Bay on that day. This same day a 

1 French snow of 150 tons, from Bordeaux, successfully ran the 

I blockade and entered Louisbourg. Some packet or transport arrived 

i on the 13th or 14th, for Giddings records receiving a letter from New 

; England on May 14. On the 14th, also, some shallops were fitted 

f with swivel gims, in order to assist landing parties. On May 13 

1 two fire ships, one an old ship of 150 tons and the other a schooner, 

i were sent into Louisbom-g in an imsuccessful attempt to burn the 

! French snow, which was thought to have powder on board. Warren 

and Pepperell were constantly sending schooners with despatches 
back and forth between the fleet and the camp. 

I [To be concluded] 


Communicated by the Committee on English Research 
[Continued from vol. 76, page 301] 


Contributed by G. Andrews Moriartt, Jr., A.M., LL.B., of Newport, R. I. 

In this article records are presented which supply new information 
about the English ancestry and family connections of Stephen 
Haskett, who settled at Salem, Mass., as early as 1668, and through 
two of his daughters, who married into the Derby famUy, was an 
ancestor of later generations of this well-known family. In order to 
make accessible in one article all the evidence thus far discovered on 
the English origin of this immigrant, a few records previously printed 
are here printed again — among them the deposition of EUzabeth, 

72 Genealogical Research in England [Jan. 

widow of Stephen Haskett, which was made in 1698 and is the 
starting point for investigations into his ancestry, and abstracts, 
with shght changes, of several EngUsh wills contributed by the late 
Henry FitzGilbert Waters to earher volumes of the Register. A 
study of the Haskett records already in print and of those here 
printed for the first time shows that Stephen Haskett of Salem was 
a son of Elias Haskett of Marnhull, co. Dorset, and Henstridge, co. 
Somerset, and a nephew of the Stephen Haskett of Marnhull who 
made his will (found by Mr. Waters) in 1648 and who was con- 
sidered, eight years ago, by the contributor of this article, to have 
been probably the father of the Salem settler.* These records also 
point to an Elias or EUis Haskett of Henstridge, who was buried 
10 May 1639, as probably the grandfather of Stephen of Salem. 
A pedigree, in which the information derived from the records is 
set forth in genealogical form, will conclude the article. 

From Essex Countt (Mass.) Notarial Records 

Elizabeth Haskitt's Oath & Certificate Entred May 30ti>, '98. 

M". Elizabeth Haskitt widow formerly the wife of Stephen Haskitt of 
Salem personaly appeared (before me) y« subscriber & made Oath that she 
hath six children Uuing (viz) one sonne whose name is Elias Haskitt aged 
about Twenty Eight yeares & fiue Daughters Ehzabeth Mary Sarah Hannah 
& Martha all which she had by her husband y« abouesaid m'' Stephen Haskitt 
& Were his Children by him begotten of her body in Lavrfull Wedlock being 
married to him by Doctor Ceauell in Exiter in y^ Kingdome of England & 
whose sd husband serued his time with one m'' Thomas Obume a chandler 

and sope boyler in s^* place & was ye reputed Sonne of Haskit of 

Henstredge (so called) in Summersetshire in s<J Eangdome of England & 
haue often heard my s^ husband say that he had but one brother whose 
name was Elias Hasket & that he lined in said Towne of Henstredge. Eliz- 
abeth Haskitt. 

Swome Salem May ye 30*^ 1698 before me John Hathome One of y« 
Councill & Justice pe & Q. in y^ County of Essex in his Maj^'^s province of 
ye Massachusets Bay in New England.f 

From the Parish Registers and Transcripts of Henstridge, 
CO, Somerset, 1605-1699 

1605 EUnor Stibbs daughter of WiUiam 18 October, j 
1622 Anna Stibbs daughter of WUliam and Edith his wife 15 December.f 
1622 Susan Hasket daughter of Ehzer of Endeston§ and Christian his wife 

19 March [1622/314 
1636 Joan bastard daughter of Aditha Hasket 27 May.J 
1636 Stephen Hasket son of Elizer Hasket, Sen.[?], clotliier, and Ellinora 

his wife 18 December. J 

1639 William Stibbs son of WiUiam and Agnes his wife 2 February [1639/ 


1640 Sara Dusset daughter of George and Ehzabeth 20 September.^ 
1640 WiUiam Hasket son of EUis and Sarah his wife 4 November.f 

*Cf. Essex Institute Historical Collections, vol. 51, p. 2. 

tPrinted in Register, vol. 30, p. 110, from a copy made by the late Henry FitzGilbert Waters. 
{This entry ia taken from the Bishop's transcripts of the parish registers of Henstridge, these 
transcripts being preserved at Wells. 

{Endeston or Enston, a hamlet in Henstridge, is now called Yenston. 

1 1923] Genealogical Research in England 73 

I 1665 Susanna daughter of Ellis Hasket, Junr., and Elizabeth 1 November. 

I 1665 Jonathan son of WiUiam and Rebecca Hasket 23 November. 

1667 Mary daughter of Ellis and EUzabeth Hasket 18 March [1667/8]. 

1669 Annetta daughter of William Haskett and Joan 18 November. 

1670 Ellis son of Ellis and Elizabeth Haskot 8 January [1670/1]. 
1673 Sara daughter <rf EUis and Elizabeth Haskott 2 April. 
1673 Stephen son of WiUiam Hasket and Joan 21 October. 

11674 Mary daughter of William Haskott and Joan 12 January [1674/5]. 

1676 Mary daughter of Martha Haskett, widow, 26 October. 

I 1675 Sara daughter of WiUiam Haskott and Joan 12 January [1675/6]. 

I 1676 Samuel son of EUis and EUzabeth Haskot 3 April. 

\ 1677 Samuel son of WiUiam Haskott and Joan 29 April. 

i 1678 Jane daughter of WiUiam Haskott and Joan 15 September. 

I 1681 Joan daughter of WiUiam Haskot and Joan 15 June. 

1682 Thomas son of WiUiam Haskot and Joan 27 August. 

I 1673 Anthony Davidge of Kington Magna, Dorset, to Mary Haskott of 

this parish 10 April. 
1673 Robert HeUier of Stalbridge, Dorset, to Mary Haskott of this parish 
10 November. 
I 1681 WiUiam ChandoU of MamhuU, Dorset, to Joan Haskott of this parish 

I 5 September. 

I 1695 William KeUoway of MamhuU, Dorset, to Anna Hasket of Henstridge 

} 25 March. 

i' 1699 Joseph Perrin and Mary Haskot 27 July. « 

i Burials 

I " 1605 Richard Stibbs 26 September.* 

s 1623 Dionisia Haskett daughter of EUzer, Senior, 4 July.* 

j 1639 EUis Hasket, an old man, 10 May.* 

1639 WUliam Stibbs infant son of WUUam and Agnes 16 February [1639/ 
I 40].* 

I . 1640 Joane Hasket wife of WUUam 1 March [1640/1].* 

: 1654 WiUiam Haskott son of Wm. Haskott and Rebecca his wife 3 May. 

: 1660 Ehior Haskett 17 June. 

1666 Robert son of WiUiam Haskot 19 September. 

1673 Mary daughter of EUis Haskot of Marshf 26 June. 

1673 EUzog [?] Haskot of Enston 22 September. 

1681 Johanna daughter of WiUiam Haskott 2 October. 

1687 Samuel son of Wm. Haskot 23 October. 

1690 Joan wife of Wm. Haskot 3 March [1690/1]. 

1696 • Mary Haskott, widow, 21 February [1696/7]. 

From the Parish Registers of Kingsdon, go. Somerset 
1625 WUlm Hescott and Joanna Hurd married 3 November, f 

From the Parish Registers of Marnhull, go. Dorset, 


1596 John son of John Haskett 27 June. 

1597 WiUiam son of John Haskett 7 January [1597/8]. 
1599 Joan daughter of John Haskett 1 July. 

♦This entry is taken from the Bishop's transcripts of the parish registers of Henstridge, these 
transcripts being preserved at Wells. 

fMarsh was the name of a part of Henstridge. 

tPrinted in Phillimore's Somerset Parish Registers, Marriages, vol. 1, p. 96. 

74 Genealogical Research in England [Jan. 

1601 Marie daughter of John Hasket 22 May. 

1603 Thomas son of John Haskett 8 April. 

1605 Robert son of John Haskett 18 September. 

1608 Edeth daughter of Ellis Hasket 9 December. 

1610 EQis son of Ellis Hasket 28 October. 

1615 William son of EUzeno Haskett 12 June.' 

1622 Elizabeth daughter of Steven Hasket 19 January [1622/3]. 

1624 Margaret daughter of Steven Hasket 12 January [1624/5]. 

1629 John son of Steven Hasket 25 June. 

1648 Stephen son of Stephen Haskett the Younger and Elizabeth his wife 

12 November. 

1652 Elizabeth daughter of Stephen Haskett and Elizabeth his wife 7 


1673 Steuen son of Steuen Hasket and Marey his wife 7 May. 

1675 Thomas son of Steuen Hasket and Mary his wife 15 June. 

1677 John son of Steuen Hasket and Elizabeth his wife 3 October. 

1678 John son of John Hasket and Joane his wife 3 September. 

1680 Frances daughter of Steven Hasket and Elizabeth his wife 4 June. 
1680 James son of John Hasket and Joane his wife 25 July. 

1680 John and Mary twin children of Henr. Hasket and Mary his wife 

9 January [1680/1]. 
1682 Ann daughter of Henr Hasket and Mary his wife 2 April. 

1682 James son of John Hasket and Joane his wife 21 November. 

1683 Jonathan son of Steven Hasket and Elizabeth his wife 28 March. 

1686 Thomas son of Stephen Haskett and Anne his wife 23 June. 

1687 Thomas son of John Hasket and Joane his wife 5 Maj'. 

1689 John son of John Haskett and Elizabeth his wife 23 March [1689/90]. 

1696 Thomas son of Thomas Hasket and Mary his wife 5 July. 

1697 Stephen son of Thomas Hasket and Mary his wife 16 January [1697/ 

1699 Jonathan son of Thomas Hasket and Mary his wife 6 January [1699/ 

1701 Ambros son of Thomas Haskett and Mary his wife 25 July. 


1686 Richd. Fricker of Dunhead St. Mary and Elen Haskett 27 October. 


1597 Wilbn son o7 John Haskett 5 February [1597/8]. 

1635 Alice daughter of Stephen Haskett and Elizabeth his wife 16 Novem- 

1635 Margarett daughter of Stephen Haskett and Elizabeth his wife 
30 January [1635/6]. 

1648* Steven Haskett the Elder 29 October. 

1651 Steven Hasket the Elder 9 August. 

1669 Robert Hasket 16 February [1669/70]. 

1675 Ann Hasket 28 December. 

1681 James Hasket 25 November. 

1682 Elizabeth Hasket of Todber 15 August. 
1695 John Hasket 6 February [1695/6]. 
1701 Steven Hasket, Junior, 11 September. 

*The entry is recorded under this year, but from the context it is evideBt that the year-date 
should have been 1649. 

1923] Genealogical Research in England 75 

Fbom the Parish Registebs of Stalbeidge, co. Dorset 
1703 Richard Burge and Rebecca Duffet 22 February [1703/4]. 
1706 Charles Duffet and Martha Snook 21 July. 
1709 John Calpen and Mary Dibble 16 November. 

From Probate Records 

The Will of William Seavier of Yenston in the parish of Henstridge, co. 
Somerset, husbandman, dated 7 October 1604. To be buried in the parish 
church or churchyard of Henstridge. To that parish church 20s. and to the 
parish church of Kingston 10s. To Margaret SeaAier £10 and to Callice 
Seavier £10, to remain in the executors' hands till they marry or be of age. 
To John Seavier, my brother Reynolde's son, £6, at one and twenty. To 
Reynold Seavier, my brother, a hundred weight of cheese. To my brother 
Presley's children a sheep apiece. To my brother Ellis Haskette's children 
a sheep apiece. To Gregory Royall's daughter Margery one calf of the next 
year's weaning. To -John Collis' son William a calf of the same weaning. 
To Gregory Royall's son Richard and his two daughters Alice and Mary a 
lamb apiece. To every of my godchildren 12d. apiece. To the poor folks 
of Yenston four bushels of barley, to be divided amongst them. All the 
rest of my goods, etc., I give arid bequeath to Marrian Seavier, my wife, 
and John Seavier, whom I make my full and whole executors. Overseers: 
Ellys Basket and Gregory Royall. Proved 29 November 1604. (P. C. C, 
Harte, 86.) [This abstract has been adapted from the abstract of the will 
of William Seavier published in Register, vol. 63, p. 13, and reprinted in 
Waters's "Genealogical Gleanings in England," vol. 2, p. 1437.] 

The Will of Mariane Sevier of Yenstone in the parish and peculiar of 
Henstridge, co. Somerset, widow, dated 9 May 1607. To be buried in the 
churchyard of Henstridge. To the parish church of Henstridge 10s. To 
the poor folk, of Henstridge parish 10s. To Deane Haskett, daughter of 
Ellis Haskitt, 40s. To Elhs Haskett's three other daughters and William 
Haskett, his son, £4; if any of them die before they come to the age of one 
and twenty years or be married, then the money is to remain to the sur- 
vivors. To Margaret Sevier, daughter of Richard Sevier, a gown cloth and 
£10; to Alee Sevier, another daughter, a gown and £10. To Marie Royall 
of Henstridge, widow, one featherbed and £3. To Annis Harte 20s. To 
Cicely Royall, daughter of Marie Royall, £3. To Richard and Dorothie 
Royall, son and daughter of Marie Royall, 20s. apiece. To brother-in-law 
Reynold Sevier £3 and to John Sevier, his son, 40s. To Dorothie Pennie a 
gown. To Marrian Harris, wife to Richard Harris, five sheep. To John 
Moores nine sheep. To the children of John Wolfres nine sheep. To Thomas 
Seavier the Younger nine sheep. To the children of Gregorie Royall £4. 
8s. 4d., which money is in the hands of the said Gregorie. To John and 
Dorothy Penny, my servants, 10s. apiece. To Rose Collis, wife of John^ 
Collis, £3. To Marie Haskett, wife of Ellis Haskett, 20s. To every of my 
godchildren 12d. apiece. AU the rest of my goods to Gregory Royall, whom 
I constitute sole executor. Overseers: Ellis Haskett and Richard Chippman, 
and I bequeath to them 3s. 4d. apiece. Witpesses: John Bryne, William 
Pittman, Richard Chippman, Ellis Haskett, and John Royall. Proved 
26 June 1607. (P. C. C, Huddleston, 62.) [This abstract has been adapted 
from the abstract of the will of Mariane Sevier published in Register, 
vol. 40, p. 303, and reprinted in Waters's "Genealogical Gleanings in England," 
vol. 1, pp. 175-176.] - 

•Printed in Phillimore's Dorset Parish Registers, Marriages, vol. 4, pp. 42, 43. 

76 Genealogical Research in England [Jan. 

The Will of John Hasket of Todber, co. Dorset, dated 29 September, 
12 James [1614]. To be buried in the parish churchyard of Stowre Estowre 
[sic]. To the same church and to the church of Todber. To my son Wilham 
Hasket my parcel of land called Berriell, by estimation five acres, and Pitt 
mead, by estimation seven acres, in the parish of Sutton Mountague alias 
Montacutt, Somerset, for the term of ten years after my decease, he paying 
to my son John Hasket, yearly during the said term, 58.; and after the said 
term of ten years I bequeath the said land wholly to my son John Haskett 
and the heirs male of his body, etc., with' remainder to my son Thomas and 
then to my son Robert and the heirs male of his body for ever. To Anne, 
my wife, during her natural life, my parcel of land called Bushe Hayes and 
the arrable thereunto belonging, [she] paying her son William Haskett 
yearly during her life 6s. 8d., if it be lawfully demanded; and after her 
decease I give it to the said William, etc., with remainder to my son Michael 
Haskett and then to the right heir. To my son John £30, to be paid for his 
use when he shall be a prentice; in the meantime his mother is to have the 
profit, or, if he be obstinate or stubborn towards his mother in making his 
choice for a wife, then it shall be at the discretion of his mother and the over- 
seers what portion to allow him. To my son Thomas £40. To my son 
Robert £40. To my son Michael £40. To my two daughters, Joane Haskett 
and Mary Haskett, £50 apiece, to be given them at their marriage if their 
mother shall so long happen to live; if not, then to be paid them at their 
mother's decease. Also, if they should be obstinate and stubborn towards 
their mother in not taking their mother's good wiU and consent in their 
choice for marriage, then it shall be at their mother's discretion what por- 
tion to allow either of them. Residue to my wife Anne, whom I make my 
sole executrix. Overseers: my well-beloved friends Stephen Haskett, William 
Haskett, and George Coxe. Witnesses: Stephen Haskett, William Haskett 
[and others]. Proved 23 February 1614 [1614/15]. (P. C. C, Rudd, 8.) 
[This abstract has been adapted from the abstract of the will of John Hasket 
published in Register, vol. 53, pp. 13-14, and reprinted in Waters's "Gen- 
ealogical Gleanings in England, " vol. 2, pp. 1437-1438.] 

The Will of John Hillieb of Wincanton, co. Somerset, gentleman, dated 
20 May 1619. To be buried in the churchyard of Wincanton, where I now 
dwell. To the parish church 5s. To the poor of Wincanton 8d. Residue to 
my son-in-law William Moggs and his wife Dorothye. All my lands to my 
said son-in-law and my daughter Dorothye, his wife, and the heirs of their 
bodies, and in default thereof to the said William and Dorothj-e Moggs in 
fee simple. Executors: WUliam and Dorothye Moggs. Witnesses: John 
Maycock, Robert Powell, George Greenestrete, Johja Strode. Proved 23 
October 1620._ (P. C. C, Soame, 93.) [There is a very brief abstract of this 
will in the printed "Register Soame," p. 365.] 

The WiU of Katherine Sampson of the parish and pecuhar jurisdiction 
of Hengstridge, in the Diocese of Bath and Wells, maiden, dated 30 AprU 
1627. To be buried in the parish church of Hengstridge. To the said church, 
in money, 20s. To the poor of the said parish 10s. I forgive mj^ cousin 
Nicholas Locke all the debts that he doth owe me. To my mother my best 
band of hnen and my best apron. I forgive my cousin John Sampson, out of 
the bond of 40s. which he oweth me, 20s. thereof, and the other 20s. of the 
said bond I give to my cousin Susan Sampson. To my sister Joane Sampson 
one silver spoon. To cousin Mary Sampson, my brother William's daughter, . 
my best gown, my best petticoat, my best hat, and £16. 10s. which is due 
me upon bond from Ellis Hasket and William Haskett, his son. Residue to 
my two sisters, Jane and Edith Sampson, and they are to be executrices. 
Overseers: Richard Sampson the Younger and Thomas Morris the Younger. 

1923] Proceedings of the N. E. Hist. Gen. Society 77 

Brother Henry Sampson oweth me £26. Witnesses: Richard Ebume, vicar, 
and others. Proved 14 June 1627. (P. C. C, Skinner, 63.) [This abstract 
has been adapted from the abstract of the will of Katherine Sampson pub- 
lished in Register, vol. 40, p. 303, and reprinted in Waters's "Genealogical 
Gleanings in England," vol. 1, p. 176.] 

[The rest of the Haskett material, with pedigree, will be published in the 
Register of April 1923. — Editor.] 


By Henry Edwards Scott, A.B., Recording Secretary 

Boston, Massachusetts, 4 October 1922. A stated meeting of the Society was 

held in Wilder Hall, 9 Ashburton Place, at 2.30 P.M., President Chase presiding. 

The minutes of the May meeting were read and approved, and the reports of 

the Corresponding Secretary, Librarian, Historian, and Council were accepted, 

the Council reporting that since the May meeting members of the Society had 

I - been elected as follows: 

Honorary Member 
I John Venn, Sc.D., F.R.S., F.S.A., of Cambridge, England 

Life Member 
Eliza Taft Newton of Holyoke, Mass. 
Resident Members 

George Bucknam Dorr of Bar Harbor, Me. 
J Mrs. A. Roberson of Binghamton, N. Y. 

i Mrs. Stella E. J. Mills of Willimantic, Conn. 

Mrs. C. K. Baker of Auburn, R. I. 
i Harry W. Glossbrenner of Indianapolis, Ind. 

I Mrs. W. H. May of Pittsfield, Mass. 

I Walter M. Tuller of Wynantskill, N. Y. 

', Mrs. Emihe Maris Cole of Duluth, Minn. 

Jessica J. Haskell of HalloweU, Me. 

Jessie E. Blackstone of Anaconda, Mont. 

Mrs. Le Roy B. Cox of Chicago, HI. 

Elizabeth Crawford of ICittanning, Pa. 

Mrs. A. C. Rippier of Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Claud F. Lester of Philippi, W. Va. 

Mrs. E. B. Thomas of Pasadena, Calif. 

Mrs. WiUiam H. Hoffman of Barringtori, R. I. 

Mrs. John F. Storm of Union, S. C. 

Percival Jones of Boston, Mass. 

Mrs. Mark C. Price of Greensboro, N. C. 

Louise Tanner Reeve of Buxton, N. Dak. 

Mrs. J. H. Cutter of North Litchfield, N. Y. 

Mrs. F. R. Heustis of Hyde Park, Mass. 

Mrs. Clarence R. Sloan of Marietta, Ohio 

Allan Hiram Whitman of Maiden, Mass. 

Elizabeth F. Gordon of Bridgewater, Mass. 

Perry OHver Holden of Ashland, Mass. 

Mrs. T. L. Smith of Concord, Mass. 

Mrs. Grayce E. Eldred of Cody, Wyo. 

Arthur Crew Inman of Boston, Mass. 

Nathan E. Triunan of Bainbridge, N. Y. 

78 Proceedings of the N. E. Hist. Gen. Society [Jan. 

Stanley Brampton Parker of Cambridge, Mass. 

Mrs. Arthur E. Barter of Roslindale, Mass. 

Mrs. Frances B. Phipps of Boston, Mass. 

Charles Levi Shedd of Arlington, Mass. 

James Williamson Eddy of Boston, Mass. 

Robert Adams Gibbs of Los Angeles, Calif. 

Carrie Belle Jewett of Grand Rapids, Mich. 

Mrs. Frank Alde'n Besse of Wareham, Mass. 

John Whiting Webber of Newton, Mass. 

Mrs. Andrew Chalmers Wilson of Osterville, Mass. 

Mrs. Winthrop Brown, Jr., of Cambridge, Mass. 

Mrs. Alice Benjamin Vail of River Head, Long Island, N. Y. 

Mrs. A. F. Rees of Biltmore, N. C. 

Frederick M. Libby of Neponset, Mass. 

Mrs. Juha Watkins Brown of Ann Arbor, Mich. 

Mrs. Clara Hyde Dewey Hogg of Cadiz, Ohio 

Wayne V. Jones of Kansas City, Mo. 

Alexander Morton Emerson of Boston, Mass. 
The Chair then presented, as the speaker of the afternoon, Lewis Appleton 
Barker, LL.B., of Brookline, Mass., who gave an interesting and instructive 
address, illustrated with colored lantern sUdes, on Arms — Their Evolution and 
Influence on History. 

No further business being presented, the Chair, at 4 P.M., declared the meet- 
ing dissolved, and the members of the Society, with their guests, enjoyed a social 
hour in the tea room. 

1 November. A stated meeting of the Society was held in Wilder Hall, 9 Ash- 
burton Place, at 2.30 P.M., President Chase presiding and a quortmi being 

The minutes of the October meeting were read and approved, and the reports 
of the Corresponding Secretary, Librarian, Historian, and Council were accepted, 
the Council reporting that since the October meeting members of the Society 
had been elected as follows: 

Life Member 
Frederick A. Grant of West Somerville, Mass. 

Resident Members 
George Thomas Eaton of Andover, Mass. 
Stewart Henry Hartshorn of Short Hills, N. J. 
William Hall Best of West Newton, Mass. 
Mrs. B. P. Bole of Cleveland, Ohio 

Rear Admiral Austin M- Knight, U.S.N., Retired, of Washington, D. C. 
William Sohier Bryant, M.D., of New York City 
Mrs. Charles P. Lesh of Indianapolis, Ind. 
Harold D. Kilgore of Gloucester, Mass. 
. Mrs. W. W. McCIench of Springfield, Mass. 
Levi B. Chase of Sturbridge, Mass. 
On motion it was 

Voted, That the Society proceed to the election of the Nominating Committee, agreeable to 
the provisions of the By-Laws. 

That three tellers be appointed by the Chair, and that said tellers shall distribute, receive, 
sort, and count the ballots, and make a report to this meeting. 

That the polls be now opened, and stand open until every member present has had opportunity 
to vote. 

The Chair appointed as tellers Nathaniel T. Kidder, Henry B. Reed, and Miss 
Josephine E. Rayne, and the election by ballot of the Nominating Committee 
took place. 

After the polls had been closed, the Chair presented, as the speaker of the 
afternoon, Arthur Lord, Esq., President of the Pilgrim Society of Plymouth, 
Mass., who read an instructive paper on The Value of Tradition, in which he 
considered the weight that should be assigned to tradition in history and gene- 
alogy and referred to several events in New England history for which the 
evidence is largely traditional, such as the visits of the Norsemen to the New 

1923] Notes 79 

England coast, the identification of Plymouth Rock aa the landing place of the 
. Pilgrims at Plymouth, and the traditions relating to Mary Chilton and to the 
courtship of Myles Standish. 

On motion of Alfred Johnson, seconded by T. Julien Silsby, a unanimous vote 
of thanks was extended to Mr. Lord for his scholarly paper. 

The Chair then called for the report of the tellers, and, when this had been 

presented, declared that Mrs. Sarah Hemenway Bell of West Newton, Mrs. 

Emma Burt Blaine of Boston, Charles Eliot Goodspeed of Wollaston, Percival 

Hall Lombard of Brookline, and James Parker Parmenter of Arlington had been 

{ unanimously elected members of the Nominating Committee. 

\ No further business being presented, the President, at 3.30 P.M., declared the 

' meeting dissolved, and invited the members of the Society and their guests to 

enjoy a social hour in the tea room. 

6 December. A stated meeting of the Society was held in Wilder Hall, 9 Ash- 
• burton Place, at 2.30 P.M., President Chase presiding. 

The minutes of the November meeting were read and approved, and the 
reports of the Corresponding Secretary, Librarian, Historian, and CouncO were 
accepted, the Council reporting that since the November meeting members of the 
Society had been elected as follows: 

Life Member 
I Weston P. Dimock of Standish, Me. 

! Resident Members 

Mary Caroline Bucknam of Swampscott, Mass. 
! Charles Himtington Pennoyer of Attleboro, Mass. 

] Frank E. Doyle of Mattapan, Mass. 

; Mrs. John S. Thatcher of West Medford, Mass. 

! Mrs. N. E. Howes of Holyoke, Mass. 

i Mrs. Carroll A. Dwinell of East Lynn, Mass. 

i Charles William French of Woburn, Mass. ^ 

A. S. Hannaford of Toledo, Ohio 
! Daniel L. Ransome, M.D., of Rockford, HI. 

{ The report of the Nominating Committee was read and accepted. 

! The President appointed Messrs. Harold Clarke DurreU and Joseph Harvey 

} White as Auditors to audit the accoimts of the Treasurer for the current year. 

' The Chair then presented, as the speaker of the afternoon, Frank W. Bayley 

of Boston, who spoke on Gilbert Stuart, Artist and Historian, illustrating his 
remarks by a very interesting series of lantern slides showing some of Stuart's 
'■ best portraits. 

On motion of Hosea Starr Ballou the thanks of the Society were extended to 

Mr. Bayley for his interesting and instructive lecture, the President calling upon 

: those present to express their approval of the motion by rising. 

;• No further business being presented, the Chair, at 3.50 P.M., declared the 

meeting dissolved, and the members of the Society and their guests remained for 

a social hour in the tea room. 


It having come to the attention of this Society that certain geneal- 
ogists and publishers have used the name of the Society in con- 
nection with their own enterprises, the Society again desires to 
state that it has NO genealogical representatives in this country or 
in England, nor is it in any way comiected with any publications 
other than those that it issues over its own name at 9 Ashburton 
Place, Boston. 

80 Notes [Jan. 

Ehhoes in the Census of 1790 (Connecticut). — In attempting to identify 
the heads of families in several towns of New Haven County, Conn., the under- 
signed found many errors in the printed volume containing the names of the 
heads of families in Connecticut in the First Census of the United States, taken 
in 1790. Most of these errors are palpably clerical, made by those who prepared 
the census returns for publication, although a very few were conceivably made 
by those who originally compiled the census. The published Census of 1790 being 
of prime importance to all genealogical students, the following corrections may 
be found useful. It is not claimed that the corrected readings give the exact 
spelling of the original, but only that they signify the person who was intended 
in the original. 

Generally speaking, many Christian names have been lengthened in the 
printed volume, as Dan to Daniel, Uri to Uriah, Nathan to Nathaniel. Only a 
few such cases are listed below as examples. The name Enos is (in New Haven 
Coxmty) almost invariably printed Eneas. The name Elijah (mistaken for the 
abbreviated form Eliza:) often appears as Elizabeth. Under WaUingford, every 
Merriam is converted into a Merriman, these being actually two distinct families. 
Great care has been used in making the following corrections, most of which call 
attention to serious and misleading errors. 

In the columns in the printed volume the surnames, followed by commas, 
precede the Christian names. In these corrections, however, the Christian names 
precede the surnames. 

Page 92, column 2, for Phineas Bench read Phineas Beach. 

Page 92, column 3, for Eneas Andrews reed Enos Andrews. 

for Uriah Benham read Uri Benham. 

for Lazerus Tuttle read Lucius Tuttle. 

for Jecobed Tuttle read Ichabod Tuttle. 
Page 93, column 1, for Mineman Hotcbkiss read Merriman Hotchkiss. 

for Bela Hotchkiss, 2nd, read Bela Hitchcock, 2nd. 
Page 93, column 2, for Israel Hotchwick read Israel Hotchkiss. 

for Rockmary Thompson read Roxana Thompson. ' • 

for Samuel Durrany read Samuel Durand. 

for Andrew Durany, 2nd, read Andrew Durand, 2nd. 

for Samuel Bench read Samuel Beach. 

for Daniel Hitchcock read Dan Hitchcock. 
Page 94, column 1, for Nathaniel Ford read Nathan Ford. 

■ for Elijah Wiknott read Elisha Wilmott. (Elijah is 
correctly listed higher up in this column.) 

for Clum Cooke read Elam Cooke. 

Page 94, column 1, for John Hond read John Houd. 

for Eunice Horsey read Eunice Horvey. 

for Elizabeth Hotchkiss read Elijah Hotchkiss. 
Page 94, column 2, for Lewis Lovemond read Lewis Loveland. 
Page 94, column 3, for Ebenezer Lewis read Eleazer Lewis. 

far Jonah Nettleton read Josiah Nettleton. 

for Nathaniel Wooster read Nathan Wooster. 
Page 95, column 2, for Jonah Tucker read Josiah Tucker. 

for Riggs David read David Riggs. 

for Bowen Washboun read Bowers Washboun. 
Page 95, column 3, for Eber B. Johnson read Eben[ezer] B. Johnson. 

for Medad Renny read Medad Keeney. 

for Ebenezer Renny read Ebenezer Keeney. 
Page 96, column 1, for Abigal Hegleton read Abigal Hazleton. 

far Zapthali Tucker read Zephaniah Tucker. 

far David Gilbert read David GUlet. 

East Haven 
Page 96, column 3, for Henry F. Hine read Henry F. Huse. 
For Banns or Bans read Bams, throughout. 

I 1923] Notes 81 

Page 100, column 1, for William Mencer read William Mansor. 

for Daniel Tolmap, 2nd, read Daniel Talmadge, 2nd. 
Page 100, column 2, for Nathaniel Hintcm read Nathaniel Heaton. 
Page 100, column 3, for Benjamin Galend read Benjamin Gaylord. 

for Nathaniel Ailing read Nathan Ailing. 

for Joseph Hinton read Joseph Heaton. 

New Haven 
Page 102, column 3, for Charles Prinale read Charles Prindle. 

for Nathaniel Story read Nathaniel Storer. 
Page 103, column 2, for Joseph Howett read Joseph Howell. 
Page 103, column 3, f<rr Cheney Howell read Chauncey Howell. 

for John Miles, 3rd, read John Miles, Sr. 
Page 104, column 2, for Abiel Marumberg read Abiel Macumber. 
Page 104, column 3, for Eichstead Mansfield read Kierstead Mansfield. 
Page 105, column 1, for Hoy Tuttle read Hez[ekiahl Tuttle. 

for Lewis Bradley read Lois Bradley. 
Page 105, column 2, for Elisha Thompson read EUjah Thompson. 

for Ashael Lines read Ashbel Lines. 
Page 105, column 3, for Isaac Candie read Zaccheus Candie. 
For Murrain or Murran read Merwin, throughout. 

North Haven 
Page 106, column 1, for Thomas Bradley read Theophilus Bradley. 

for John Dayton, 2nd, read Jonathan Dayton, 2nd. 

for Nathan Starry read Nathan Stacey. 

for Job Buckley read Job Blakeslee. 

for Jehu Bassett read Jesse Bassett. 
Page 106, column 2, for Abraham Selby read Abraham Seeley. 

for John Heaton read Jonathan Heaton. 

for Calhoun Heaton read Calvin Heaton. 

for Jerry Barnes read Jared Barnes. 

for Andrew Perth read Andrew Porch. 

Page 106, column 3, for William Merriman read William Merriam. 

for Asaph, Nathaniel, Edmond, and Benjamin Merri- 
man read Asaph, Nathaniel, Edmond, and Benjamin 
Page 107, colunm 1, for Joseph, Ephrim, Aron, and Samuel Merriman read 

Joseph, Ephrim, Aron, and Samuel Merriam. 
Page 107, column 3, for Robert Bissinton read Robert Byington. 

for Heil Bissinton read [Jejhiel Byington. 
Page 108, colunm 2, for Bemijah Morse read Benajah Morse. 

Page 109, colimui 2, for John Boxton read John Baxter. 

for Benjamin Betram read Benjamin Beriham. 

Page 111, colimm 1,/or Nicholas Beecher read Nichols Beecher. 
Page 111, column 2, for Marahel Ailing read Marshal AUing. 
for Benjamin Beach read Benajah Beach. 
for Lar Clarke read Laz[arusl Clarke. 
for Elizabeth Perkins read Elijah Perkins. 
for George Salton read George Sutton. 
Page 111, column 3, for Elizabeth Wooden read Elijah Wooden. 

for Jacob Downs read Jareb Downs. 
Page 112, column 1, for Justus Bencher read Justus Beecher. 
Page 112, column 2, for Garthom Thomas read Gershom Thomas. 
Page 112, column 3. The second Joseph Hitchcock in this column is 
probably intended for Joseph's brother Timothy, 
who is otherwise omitted. The family described 
corresponds with Timothy's at that date. 
Mount Carmel, Conn. Donald Linbs Jacobub. 

82 ■ Recent Books [Jan.] 


[The Editor particularly requests persons eendme books for listing in the Reqisteb to state, 
for the information of readers, the price of each book, with the amount to be added for postage 
when sent by mail and from whom it may be ordered. For the January issue, books should be 
received by Nov. 1; for April, by Feb. 1; for July, by May 1, and for Ociober, by July 1.] 


Boone genealogy. The Boone family; a genealogical history of the descend- 
ants of George and Mary Boone who came to America in 1717, containing many 
unpublished bits of early Kentucky history. Also a biographical sketch of 
Daniel Boone, the pioneer, by one of his descendants. By Hazel Atterbury 
Spraker. Rutland, Vt., The Tuttle Company, 1922. 691 +[7] p. fcsm. map 
pi. por. 4° Price $15. Address The Tuttle Company, publishers, Rutland, Vt., 
or Mrs. James R. Spraker, 64 Dorchester Road, Buffalo, N. Y. 

Congdon genealogy. The Congdon Chronicle. Nos. 4 and 5. Grafton, Vt., 
1922. Price Sl.OO a year or 25 cts. a copy. Address G. E. Congdon, Grafton, 

Courtright genealogy. The Courtright (Kortright) family; descendants of 
Bastian Van Kortryk, a native of Belgium, who •emigrated to Holland about 
1615. By John Howard Abbott. New York, T. A. Wright, 1922. 147 p. 
pi. por. 8° 

Grant Family Association. Report of the reunion of the Grant Family Asso- 
ciation at the celebration of the 100th anniversary of the birth of Ulysses Simpson 
Grant in Washington, D. C, April 27, 1922, and of the exercises at New York 
City and Point Pleasant, Ohio. Edited by Frank Grant, secretary-treasurer. 
Westfield, Mass., 1922. 46 p. pi. por. 4° 

Parke genealogy. Genealogy of Arthur Parke of Pennsylvania and some of 
his descendants. By Frank Sylvester Parks. • Washington, D. C, 1922. 19 +[1] 
p. 8° Address Frank S. Parka, 1609 Hobart St., Washington, D. C- 

Skelton genealogy. The Skeltons of Paxton, Powhatan Co., Va., and their 
connections, including sketches of the famihes of Skelton, Gifford, and Crane. 
By P[atrick] Hamilton Baskervill, A. M. (U. of Va.). Richmond, Va., Old 
Dominion Press, Inc., 1922. 119 p. geneal. tab. il. pi. por. 8° 


Bacot, John Vacher, memoir. In memoriam John Vacher Bacot, 1857-1921. 
By the Board of Directors of the Consolidated Water Co. of Utica, N. Y. Pri- 
vately printed. Utica, N. Y., 1922. 15 p. fcsm. por. 8° 


(a) General 

Massachusetts, House of Representatives, journals. Journals of the House 
of Representatives of Massachusetts, 1721-1722. Pubhshed at the charge of 
the Dowse Fund. The Massachusetts Historical Society, 1922. 10+[l]-f- 
228 p. por. 4° 

Virginia, planters. The planters of Colonial Virginia. By Thomas J. Werten- 
baker. Princeton, Princeton University Press; London, Humphrey Milford, 
Oxford University Press, 1922. 260 p. 8° Price S2.50. Address Princeton 
University Press, Princeton, N. J. 

(6) Local 

Lebanon, Me., vital records. Vital records of Lebanon, Me., to the year 
1892, vol. 2, marriages. Editor, George Walter Chamberlain, M.S. Committee 
on Publication, William Davis Patterson, Alfred Johnson, A. M., Litt.D. Pub- 
lished under the authority of the Maine Historical Society, 1922. [Boston, 
Wright & Pott6r Printing Co.] 224 p. 8° 




APRIL, 1923 


By Alfred Johnson, A.M., Litt. D., of Brookline, Mass. 

Henkt Herbeet Edes,* of Cambridge, Mass., elected to resident 
membership in the New England Historic Genealogical Society 
1 January 1868 and made a life member in 1871, was bom at Charles- 
town, Mass., 29 March 1849, the son of Henry Augustus and Sarah 
Louise (Lincoln) Edes, and died at his home in Cambridge 13 October 
1922. At the time of his death only four of the resident and life 

1 members of the Society were his seniors in election to membership, 

and the eldest of these survived Mr. Edes by less than seven weeks. 
I So far as is known, the lineage of Henry Edes was wholly Anglo- 

I Saxon. His paternal hne may be traced back in England for five 

? generations, to one Henry Edes of Bocking, co. Essex, whose estate 

I was administered by his son Henry 3 July 1574, and whose great- 

I grandson, Rev. John Edes, was the most prominent English represen- 

tative of the family. 

This Rev. John Edes, a graduate of St. John's College, Cambridge, 
was admitted to the degree of Bachelor of Arts in 1610 and to that of 
Master of Arts in 1614, and for forty-one years prior to his death, 
which occurred on 12 April 1658, was rector of Lawford, co. Essex, 
retaining this benefice in spite of his Nonconformist opinions.f His 
tomb may be seen in the churchyard at Lawford, and the railing 
around it has been recently restored by some of his American descend- 
ants. His son John was the father of a third John Edes, who was 
the founder of the American branch of this family. 

This immigrant to New England, John^ Edes, born at Lawford, 
CO. Essex, 31 March 1651, and baptized 6 April 1651, settled at 
Charlestown, Mass., where he followed the occupation of a ship 
carpenter and married, 15 October 1674, Mary Tufts, daughter of 
Peter of Medford. He died in 1693, but his widow was living in 
1707. His son, John^ Edes, cordwainer, baptized 22 August 1680, 
married, 13 April 1698, Grace Lawrence, daughter of George and 
Elizabeth, and died 16 January 1721, aged 42. His widow died 

The New England Historic Genealogical Society gratefully acknowledges the courtesy of The 
Colonial Society of Massachusetts in loaning the photogravure plate from which the portrait of 
Mr. Edes accompanying this memoir has been printed. — Editoe. 

tCf. Annals of Evangelical Non-Conformists in Essex, by T. W. Davids, 1863, p. 156. 

VOL. Lxxvn. 6 

84 Henry Herbert Edes [April 

9 August 1758. Peter^ Edes, hatter, son of John,^ born 15 
September 1705, married first, 18 December 1729, Esther Hall, 
daughter of Stephen and Grace (Willis), and removed later to 
Harvard, Mass., where he died 25 January 1787. Their son, Thomas* 
Edes, of Charlestown, leather dresser, bom 26 September 1737, 
married, 28 May 1761, Mary "Wood, daughter of David and Ruth, 
and died 5 February 1792. He was a soldier in the French and Indian 
War, enlisting in 1756 in T. Lord's company, Colonel Gridley's 
regiment. It was at the home of his brother, Benjamin* Edes, of 
the firm of Edes & Gill, famed as publishers of the Boston Gazette, 
that the convivial meeting preceding the Boston Tea Party took 
place.* Thomas^ Edes, the only chUd of Thomas and Mary (Wood), 
baptized 15 August 1762, married, 26 November 1788, Mary Ball, 
daughter of Robert and EUzabeth (Wait), and died 5 April 1818. 
His son, Robert Ball® Edes, a well-known master mariner, bom 
3 September 1789, married first, 18 January 1818, Sarah Barker, 
daughter of Josiah and Penelope (Hatch), and was the father of 
Henry Augustus^ Edes, who was born 16 January 1824, married, 
8 June 1848, Sarah Louise Lincoln, daughter of Hawkes and Sarah 
(Webb), and died 28 August 1851. He was the father of the subject 
of this memoir.t 

On both sides of his house Henry Herbert^ Edes was descended 
from Mayflower and Colonial ancestors whose names are well known 
in his country's annals. On her paternal side his mother belonged 
to one of the Lincoln famiHes of Hingham, that of Thomas the 
Weaver; on her maternal side she was allied with the Coffins of 
Nantucket, through her great-grandmother, Sarah, daughter of 
Charles and Mary (Barrett) Coffin, who married John Leach of 
London. This great-grandfather, before emigrating to this coimtry, 
was imprisoned in the Tower of London, for corresponding with 
Wilkes; and he was also incarcerated here, in the same prison, the 
Boston gaol, with Peter^ Edes, son of the Benjamin* Edes mentioned 
above, and for kindred reasons, namely, his Revolutionary opinions.! 

Henry Herbert Edes was only about two and a half years of age 
when his father died. He and his mother then made their home with 
his Grandfather Lincoln in Charlestown, where he attended the 
public schools. It was his great ambition to obtain a college educa- 
tion; but, aU the Lincoln property having been lost by the defalcation 
of a partner, the entire support of the family devolved upon his 
uncles, and, when the time came to enter Harvard College, but one 
uncle, George Lincoln, was hving. Henry felt that he had no right 
to accept so great a sacrifice from his uncle as the maintenance of 
the family while he was in college, as well as the expense of the 
college course, would entail, and therefore he entered upon a business 
career. A fortunate decision this, since the death of his imcle, 

*The India cluna bowl, from which the brew was -drunk, is now in the possession of the Massa- 
chusetts Historical Society. The house was in Comhill. part of which formed the alley leading to 
Brattle Street. • 

tCf. Wyman's Genealogies and Estates of Charlestown, vol. 1, pp. 319-323. 

JBoth men kept journals during their imprisonment; and the original manuscripts of these 
journals, recently in the possession of Mr. Henry Herbert Edes, were left by him to The Colonial 
Society of Massachusetts. 

1923] Henry Herbert Edes 85 

when Henry was in his early twenties, brought upon his shoulders 
the entire support of his mother and her 'two sisters, a burden borne 
with uncomplaining courage, devotion, and tenderness for over 
forty years. 

His early business aflSJiations during eighteen years were with 
the Everett Mills, but in 1889 he resigned his position with that 
company to become manager and treasurer of the Conveyancers 
Title Insurance Company of Boston, The success of this corporation 
may be said to be due in no small measure to his business acumen 
and foresight and not less to his unfaiUng courtesy and consideration 
towards both cHents and employees. Long before the modern theories 
of salesmanship had been exploited, he had grasped their essentials 
and made of himself an expert salesman of the best type. 

From early manhood all his leisure was devoted to genealogical 
and historical research, and his friendships were largely with men 
older than himself. Among them was the descendant of one of the 
early settlers in Charlestown, Thomas Bellows Wyman, a somewhat 
eccentric bachelor, wholly given over to genealogical pursuits. He 
was probably one of the first to espouse genealogy as a calling, and 
in his multifarious researches he became possessed of unusually 
extensive knowledge of the former residents of Charlestown. ReaUzing 
the value of Mr. Wyman's extraordinary and comprehensive informa- 
tion, Mr. Edes, with the utmost difficulty, succeeded in persuading 
the City Council of Charlestown to pass a measure authorizing the 
publication of the results of Mr. Wyman's work in genealogy and of 
his researches in probate and land records. With infinite happiness 
the old gentleman began what he felt to be the crown of his life's 
work; but, while it was stiU in a comparatively early stage, he fell 
ill of pneumonia, and, reaUziag that the end was near, he sent for 
Mr, Edes and adjured him to see these. precious volumes properly 
put forth. This trust was assumed on the death of Mr. Wyman, 
19 May 1878, and was fulfilled at the expense of untold labor and 
with the painstaking care which Mr. Edes gave to everything to 
which he set his hand, with the result that Wyman's "Genealogies 
and Estates of Charlestown" has become a classic of its kind. 

While he lived in Charlestown, he also published more or less 
genealogical work of his own, and wrote the "History of the Harvard 
Church in Charlestown" and the second volume of the "Annals 
of King's Chapel, " a work undertaken by Rev. Henry Wilder Foote 
and left incomplete at his death. 

In 1896 he took up his residence in Cambridge, having married 
in that year Grace, daughter of WUliam Cross and Sarah Rowland 
(Ricketson) Williamson of Boston, who sur\-ives him. Mrs. Edes's 
father, an eminent Boston lawj^er, was of the distinguished Harvard 
Class of 1852, a brother of Hon. Joseph WiUiamson of Belfast, Me., the 
well-known local historian and antiquary, and a nephew of Hon. 
William Durkee Williamson, Governor and historian of the State of 

Henry Edes's mother had spared no effort to foster in him principles 
and noble aims, material to the development of character, and 
everything had been done to render his home happy. But, growing 

86 Henry Herbert Edes [April 

up wholly surrounded by an older generation, he had necessarily 
missed the care-free joys of boyhood. With his marriage and removal 
to Cambridge, for the first time youth, joy, and gayety came to him. 
He was many years older than his wife, and their characters were 
singularly unlike, with the result that each complemented the other. 
Almost their greatest pleasure was in pursuing together the literary 
work they both loved so dearly, wherein each was the other's chief 
critic and inspiration. Added to this companionship was a constantly 
widening circle of friendships, especially with younger people, which 
brought new brightness into his life, while the unfolding of new 
interests broadened his outlook in a way impossible in his former 
restricted surroundings. His honorary degree of Master of Arts 
from Harvard (1906)* and his increasing association with the College, 
whose loyal son he had been at heart long before she adopted him, 
did their part in his development. He was for several years editor of 
the Harvard Quinquennial Catalogue, and found the duties involved 
in this task well suited to his tastes. He was also a member of the 
committee appointed by the Board of Overseers to visit the Depart- 
ment of History. 

To the New England Historic Genealogical Society Mr. Edes 
gave active service through a number of years, first as assistant 
treasurer, and then as a member of the PubKcation Committee, as 
Coimcillor, and as Corresponding Secretary.f His aflahations with 
kindred societies included the Massachusetts Historical Society, 
the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (a feUow and treasurer), 
the American Antiquarian Society, the American Historical Asso- 
ciation, the Essex Institute, the Elaine Historical Society, the 
New Hampshire Historical Society, the Rhode Island Historical 
Society, the State Historical Society of Wisconsin, the Trinity 
Historical Society of Dallas, Tex., the Bostonian Society, the Bunker 
HiU Monument Association, the Boston Memorial Association, 
the Cambridge Historical Society, the Unitarian Historical Society 
(president), the Club of Odd Volumes, and The Colonial Society of 
Massachusetts, of which he was a f oimder and the treasurer until his 
death. Added to these was a long list of charitable, civic, music, art, 
social, and church clubs. In many of these varied organizations he 
took an active part and held important offices. 

He was passionately fond of music, especially the old Itahan 
operas, and played many of them bj' ear with a charming touch that 
made his hearers regret that he never had leisure to learn to read 
music. He was interested in art, being a member of the Da Vinci 
Club, of which William Morris Himt was president. He had an 
extensive collection of engravings, including some fine Bartolozzis 
and others connected with his collection of Americana, and he became 
thoroughly conversant both with engra\dng and with painting. 
He had surrounded himself with a matchless collection of ancestral 

*0n Commencement Day, 27 Jime 1906, President Eliot conferred this honorary degree upon 
Mr. Edes, characterizing him as "Henry Herbert Edes, New England antiquarian and annalist, 
accurate reproducer of a reverenced past. " Abeady, in 1898, the Harvard chapter of Phi Beta 
Kappa had elected Mr. Edes to honorary membership. 

tTothe New England Historical, and Genealogical, Reqisteb Mr. Edes contributed many 
valuable memoirs, genealogical and antiquarian articles, and notes. 

1923] Henry Herbert Edes 87 

portraits and silver and a large library relating to early New England. 

Mr. Edes was an ardent Unitarian, serving on many committees 
of the Harvard Church, Charlestown, and acting for some years as 
Sunday school superintendent. At the time of the disruption of this 
society, due to changes in the class of residents in the city, it was 
through his instrumentahty that the bust of the one-time pastor- 
president, James Walker, and the crystal chandeher now in the 
Faculty Room were given to Harvard University. He was for 
many years chairman of the Unitarian Festival Committee, and 
spared no pains in securing for the annual banquets speakers who 
were often of world-wide fame. 

At the time of his death he had been for many years in covenanted 
relationship with the -First Church in Boston. He was a trustee of 
its property, a faithful and regular attendant at its services of 
worship, and, as a member of its Memorials Committee, he had 
virtual charge of the monuments and memorials in which it is so 
rich, and in obtaining and erecting which he had taken a very active 
part. His tastes and speciahzed historical knowledge made his work 
on this committee particularly congenial to him, and his success in 
it was noteworthy. 

Always faultlessly and rather formally attired, usually with the 
taU silk hat in vogue in his youth during business hours, he had been 
for years, up to the time of his death, a striking and famUiar figure 
on State Street. Handsome, taU of stature, well-built, erect, with a 
distinguished bearing almost miUtary, and quick of step, his every 
movement and gesture suggested vigor, energy, and alertness. 
One meeting him casually would have inferred that he had been an 
athlete in his youth and had always lived much in the open air. Such 
sports and pastimes were, however, and always had been entirely 
foreign to ham. These diversions demanded time and opportunity 
which were never his. From boyhood work had consumed his days, 
and his nights into the small hours were ever given over to reading 
and study, to historical, antiquarian, and genealogical research, and 
to arranging and editing the results for pubhcation. 

Even his short and infrequent vacations were devoted to these 
pursuits, and his travels, for the most part confined to his beloved 
New England, led him to patriotic or ancestral shrines. To him the 
scenes among which the Fathers had passed their lives had a deep 
significance, and a church wherein they had worshipped, like a 
village cemetery containing the grave of a progenitor, was for him 
a Mecca. His knowledge of our early history was so detailed and his 
acquaintance with its leading personages so intimate that to 
accompany him on one of his historical pilgrimages was to live in 
the past and to feel the very presence of the men and women of 
bygone days, so vividly did his conversation conjure them up amid 
their former surroundings. 

Far was he, however, from morbid aloofness from things of the 
present world. On the contrary, his love of hmnan nature, of people, 
was intense; and, just as his sympathetic interest in the affairs of 
all whom he met was great, so was his response to their approbation 
of himself sincere and immediate. 

88 Henry Herbert Edes [April 

Perhaps his happiest moments were when he dispensed the gracious 
hospitality for which his home in -Cambridge was famous. Here, 
year after year, he gathered men distinguished throughout the world 
of learning. And what a host he was ! He was a master in the art of 
putting his guests at their ease and of drawing out each and making 
him appear at his best. From the budding, obscure instructor to the 
acknowledged leading international authority, each and all, in turn, 
shared his undivided attention. He knew much of the interests, 
the attainments, and the capacities of each. The hospitality 
dispensed at his generous board to the last left naught to be desired 
in the way of material things, while the intellectual pabulum was 
ever such as to cause the guests to linger long and eagerly over 
the feast. 

On these occasions, as in almost every gathering in which Henry 
Edes was found, he was the central figure around whom others 
gathered and to whom they looked to lead the conversation or settle 
the argument. So vital and fuU of radiating energy was his person- 
ality, that men felt instinctively when he entered the room that the 
meeting had begun. If he were called away, the interest usually 
flagged. The atmosphere had become less charged and exhilarating. 

His success in securing the interest and financial support, alike 
of his friends and of strangers, for the various societies and pubUc- 
spirited undertakings in which he was interested was unusual. In a 
quiet, unobtrusive way he was also often instrumental in securing 
recognition of worth and service that might otherwise have been 
overlooked in the busy world of to-day. He made these matters his 
personal business, and went about them with all the tact, energy, 
and sagacity that were his to an xmusual degree. His success in 
obtaining what he asked for others was in no small measure due to 
the fact that for himself he asked nothing. To him the objects of 
his interest seemed always outside of himself and larger than himseK. 
Many years ago he said to the writer: "Things don't usually just 
happen of themselves. If you wish events to shape themselves as 
they should, you must see to it that they do." 

In his contact with people he had something' of the quaUties of the 
diplomat and the statesman, which, with his gracious and somewhat 
courtly manners of the olden time, added to the influence of his 
personahty. There was, withal, a certain mixture of sweetness 
in his make-up which made him a good loser. Even when things 
did not turn out as he wished, he kept on working with good grace, 
his shoulder to the wheel as before. 

His voice was strong and musical. His English, both spoken and 
written, was clear and forcible, and his illustrations were always in 
striking figures. He could wield a trenchant pen, and also possessed 
marked talent in the preparation of sympathetic biographical sketches 
of men he had known. Had he been trained for the ministry or for 
the legal profession, his success in either career would have been 
assured. His letters and notes, written in the graceful style so 
familiar to his friends and often in his own strong, beautiful hand- 
writing, were habitually well turned, and he was capable of making 
an excellent occasional speech. His conversational powers were of a 

1923] Genealogical Byways 89 

high order, and his retentive memory made it possible for him to 
cherish and repeat many an amusing story or delightful anecdote 
of the past. His cordial, hearty greeting wiU remaia long ia the 
memory of many. Once a friend, he was ever a loyal one. 

Often did total strangers, after an interview with him, go their 
way rejoicing, with a desired bit of information regarding some 
obscure antiquarian problem which to all others had been but a 
riddle. Few knew the evolutions which the present map of Boston 
has gone through during the past three centuries better than he. 
To this cartographic knowledge his vocation of conveyancer as well 
as his avocations had contributed. 

Speculation on such a- subject as the following is perhaps profit- 
less; but the writer has often found himself wondering what this man 
might not have accomplished with the college education which he 
coveted, with opportunities for travel, and with ample leism-e to devote 
himself exclusively to historical study. Certainly his acquirements, 
his accomphshments, his friendships which outlive him, and the 
4 position to which he attained in this community entitle him to be 

j ranked as a striking example of that peculiarly American tj-pe, the 

I self-made man. His one chance lay in hard, constant, and persistent 

( work. And work he did, hard, all his long life. Truly, to the last, 

I whatsoever his hahd foimd to do, he did it with his might. 

[ , When he learned that the end was approaching, he stood ready to 

} meet Death like a conqueror, regretting most the unfinished work 

i that he must leave behind.* 


By Donald Lines Jacobus, M.A., of Mount Carmel, Conn. 

The chief value of genealogical study Ues in the interest it arouses 
in Colonial history and National antiquities, with a consequent 
broadening of the student's cultural attainment. The bare statistics 
which form the substructure of the science of genealogy are usually 
considered dull and uninteresting in themselves; and so indeed they 
are, except to those who find a certain enjojonent in piecing them 
together — the same sort of enjoyment which some find in picture 
puzzles or chess problems. But occasionally the genealogist discovers 
interesting oddities in the statistics or is able to deduce from them 
certain conclusions of general interest. 

It is the object of this paper to show that genealogical research 
is not so dull and uninteresting as many imagine it to be, but that, 
in addition to providing essential statistics for other sciences, it 
opens up new vistas to the genealogist and offers certain "byways" 

*Funeral services were held in the First Church in Boston on Monday, 16 October 1922, the 
pastor, Rev. Charles Edwards Park, D. D., pronouncing an impressive eulogy. Interment was 
at Weston, Mass. 

90 Genealogical Byways [April 

of investigation which are very interesting and informative. The 
material selected to illustrate what may be found in these "byTvays" 
is practically all drawn from the writer's own researcl^and investiga- 
tion, and in this sense is new. Genealogical novices should find a 
few comments that will be of use to them, but it is not claimed that 
the article will offer anything of value to the experienced genealogist ; 
it is in fact addressed rather to the general pubUc than to the 
genealogical profession. 

Consider the subject of longevity. Statisticians assure us that the 
average length of life is increasing, but this can be attributed to the 
decrease in infant mortality and the prevention of some epidemic 
diseases by means of proper hygiene, quarantine, and inoculation. 
Hence, although a greater percentage of infants Hve to twenty, 
forty, or sixty years than formerly, it is doubtful if the man of seventy 
has a better chance of unusual longevity than he had a hundred or 
two hundred years ago. Every genealogist has found cases of 
individuals who lived to the century mark or a year or two beyond it, 
but experienced genealogists have learned to view claims of extreme 
old age with suspicion. Insurance actuaries state that no proved 
case is on insurance records of a man living beyond 108 years; the 
present writer has not found a proved case beyond 103 years.* 
Most of the instances where 110 or 120 years are alleged prove 
on investigation to be fictitious or grossly exaggerated. The novice 
in genealogical research sometimes falls into error through ignorance 
of these facts; the expert is cautious in accepting statements of 
extreme age, even when found in town records or on gravestones. 
The compiler of a Davis genealogy, for example, states that a certain 
Dan Davis, of Oxford, Conn., died in 1822, at the age of 112 j^ears. 
Investigation shows that this Dan Davis actually died some thirty 

*A well-authenticated case of a woman who exceeded the age of 103 years is that of Mrs. Mary 
Tappan or Toppan, of Newburyport, Mass., who died there 9 Jan. 1833, aged 105. (Vital Records 
of Newburyport, voL 2, p. 817; Newburyport Herald, Thursday, 10 Jan. 1833, which adds: "Some 
notice of this venerable and pious woman may be expected hereafter.") The funeral services 
were held on Friday, 11 Jan. 1833, and the address delivered by Rev. Mr. Dimmock at the funeral 
was printed in the Newburyport Herald of Tuesday, 15 Jan. 1833, which may be found in the 
Newburyport Public Library. In this address it is stated that Mrs. Mary Toppan died Wednes- 
day morning, 9 Jan. 1833, aged 105 years, 1 month, 15 days; that she (originally Mary Hues) 
was born in Boston 14 Nov., O. S., or 25 Nov., N. S., 1727; that the family removed 
from Boston to this place [Newburyport, previous to 1764 a part of Newbury] when she was 5 years 
of age; that she was converted in the 16th year of her age and about two years later joined the 
Congregational Church, of which Rev. John Lowell was pastor; that at the age of 22 she was 
married to Mr. Samuel Toppan, with whom she lived forty-four years — till 1793, and had since 
then been a widow; and that she had had two children, of whom the elder, John, was lost at sea 
on the privateer ship Hero in the Revolutionary War, and the younger, a daughter, sur\ived her 
mother. The Vital Records of Newbury, vol. 2, p. 492, show that Samuel Toppan, 3d, and Mary 
Hews were married 6 July 1749, and the same book, vol. 1, p. 528, records the birth of John Toppan, 
son of Samuel, Jr., and Mary, on 1 July 1753, and that of Mary, daughter of Samuel, Jr., and 
Mary, on 23 July 1759. The daughter Mary died 25 Apr. 1836, aged 76 years C^'ital Records 
of Newburyport, vol. 2, p. 817). The records tof Christ Church, Boston, give the baptism, 19 Nov. 
1727, of Mary, daughter of John Hughes, who was the son of Philip Hughes and married in Boston, 
11 May 1726, Mary Clark. These records also give the baptism of Elizabeth, 25 Jan. 1729, and 
of Ann, 29 Feb. 1731, likewise children of John Hughes. Two sons of this John Hughes were 
baptized in Queen Anne's Chapel, Newbury, viz., Philip, 9 Mar. 1734/5, and John, 3 Aug. 1740. 
It was in a search for the ancestry of this last-named son, John Hughes or Hues, who later settled 
in Pownalborough (now Wiscasset), Me., that the writer of this note discovered the facts given 
above and was able to prove that John Hughes or Hues of Pownalborough did not belong to the 
Abel Huse family of Newbury but was a grandson of Philip Hughes of Boston, who apparently 
came to Boston from Great Britain in the early years of the eighteenth century. — Editor. 

1923] Genealogical Byways 91 

years earlier, and that it was a yoiinger man of the same name who 
died in 1822. The error could have been avoided, if the compiler 
had been aware of the general considerations stated above.* 

Amateurs in genealogical research, inexperienced in checking 
chronological possibilities, often fall into error regarding marriageable 
ages and the age of parents at the birth of children. In Colonial 
New England marriage was customary between men of 20 to 25 
years and women of 18 to 23 years. The earliest ages which the 
writer recalls were 16 for a man and 13 for a woman, though earlier 
marriages are probably to be found; but genealogists are slow to 
credit extremely youthful marriages imless • established by indispu- 
table evidence. There is, however, no limit to marriageable age in 
the dechning years of Kfe, and unions, especially between widows 
and widowers, were common; many a woman became a blushing 
bride — perhaps so for the third or fourth time — between the 
ages of 60 and 80. 

The possible age of parents at the birth of children is a matter 
that can be settled more definitely. Amateurs should always subtract 
the date of birth of the mother from the date of birth of the child, 
and should question the accuracy of their records if the result makes 
the mother more than 45 or 46 years old; for, although instances are 
oil record of women who became mothers at 49 or even 50, such 
instances are very rare. It is also wise, when the father of a family 
was much over 60, to make sure that the children did not really 
belong to a younger man of the same name. This, however, is merely 
a precaution, since there is nothing inherently impossible in a man 
becoming a father at any age. 

The most remarkable case on record of children born when the 
father had reached an advanced age may be foimd in the British 
peerage. It is that of two earls of Leicester, father and son, the former 
of whom petitioned King George III to deal more leniently with the 
American Colonies, while the latter died in 1909, one htmdred and 
fifty-five years after his father's birth. The first earl, Thomas WilUam 
Coke (1754-1842), when raised to the peerage, had a wife and 
daughters but no son. He contracted a second marriage at the age 
of 68, and the union was blessed with six children, the youngest 
born when the father was 81. The eldest son, another Thomas 
WiUiam (1822-1909), second earl of Leicester, was, Uke his father, 
twice married, and had in all eighteen children, the youngest born 
when the father was 71. This youngest son of the second earl was 
forty-nine years younger than his eldest half-sister, who was already 
a grandmother when he was born. 

Remarkable instances of paternity at an advanced age have been 
found in New England, but it is doubtful if any of them can equal 
the record of the Coke family. The follo^ving item, which appeared 
in a Connecticut journal over a hundred years ago, is probably 
exaggerated : 

•The statement of Dan Davis's unusual age occurs in "Genealogy of the Descendants of Col. 
John Davis, of Orford, Conn.," by George T. Davis, New Rochelle, 1910; but the compiler of this 
volume was led into error by following the account of the Davis family in "Seymour, Past and 
Present," by Messrs. Campbell, Sharpe, and Bassett, Seymour, Conn., 1902, pp. 430, 433. 

92 Genealogical Byways [April 

Died, of physical exhaustion, Lieut. John , of , at the age of 

110 years. He left behind him a young widow and three children, the latter 
all under 10 years of age.* 

The interval between the births of children in Colonial New 
England averaged two years; the interval between the first two 
was often shorter and that between the last two or three longer, 
but in many families eight or ten children were bom — one every 
two years with unbroken regularity. This is one of the first observa- 
tions that amateurs make, when they begin to study the records of 
the past, and it is an important one; for the' existence of a gap of 
four or five years between children suggests the possibihty that an 
unrecorded child may have been born in the interval. When searching 
for the parentage of some ancestor whose birth is not on record, a 
clue can sometimes be gained in this way. 

The number of children who can be born of a single union is 
probably greater than the unreflecting would estimate. If a woman 
marries at 20 and has one child every two years, she would be 44 
at the birth of the twelfth, and it is rarely that more than twelve 
children of a single union are found. But a recent article in a scientific 
journal cites the case of a woman who -had borne thirty-three children, 
all of them twins or triplets. A truly remarkable case of fertility and 
longevity is furnished by the Pond family. Dan Pond (1726-1783), 
of Northford, Conn., married Mabel Munson (1730-1793); they 
settled in Poultney, Vt., -and had fifteen children, thirteen sons and 
two daughters. Several of the sons served in the Revolution, one 
of them dying in service. The other fourteen children all lived to 
marry, and most of them lived to an advanced age. The sum tota 
of the Uves of these fifteen children amounted to more than a thousand 
years. If any other American woman, through her children, can 
equal this record, let her share the laurel with Mabel Pond! 

Extraordinarily large families can sometimes be found in cases 
where a widower with children married a woman much younger 
than himself, but even in such cases there were seldom more than 
twenty or twenty-two children by both -nives. 

It is interesting, at a time when the size of famihes of New England 
stock is constantly diminishing, to note that the fertility of the 
roj^al houses of Europe appears to continue unabated. To take a 
single instance, the Empress Zita, widow of the late Emperor Charles 
of Austria, was one of a family of twenty-two children, her father, 
one of the Bourbons of Parma, having been twice married; her own 
family of children, because of her husband's death, reached an 
untimely completion at the number of eight. 

The subject of inbreeding is one that frequentlj'' arouses the 
interest of the genealogist. Since one's ancestors double in each 
generation, one need go back only a few centuries to find the total 
number of ancestors exceeding the total munber of people then Uving 
in the world. The explanation of the paradox is the dupUcation of 
the same ancestors through endogamous marriages. Hence, in a 

♦The writer regrets that he made no note of the issue in which this singular obituary occurred. 
He memorized the wording and is confident of its accuracy; but the surname and residence of the 
patriarch escape his memory. 

j 1923] Genealogical Byways 93 


\ broad sense, we'are all inbred ; it is merely a question of how close the 

1 inbreeding is. Nearly everyone of from eight to ten generations 

i , of Colonial ancestry wiU find, if the complete ancestry is charted, 

I that some of the names are duplicated. A gentleman of the writer's 

I acquaintance stated that he had twenty-four descents from one of 

I the early settlers in New Hampshire. In charting the ancestry of a 

l lady of Connecticut descent, it was discovered that she had as many 

i as eight, ten, and twelve Unes going back to several of her immigrant 

I ancestors. Unquestionably,' the endogamous marriages in these 

I two instances are much more numerous than is usually the case. 

i For the purpose of comparison, it may be stated that the children 

■ of the late Emperor Charles of Austria are descended 1990 times 

from Ferdinand and Isabella, the patrons of Coliunbus; their cousins, 

children of the Archduke Peter Ferdinand, have 2032 descents from 

the same ancestors; while the twins born in 1921 to Frederick Victor, 

Prince of HohenzoUem, can boast 2326 descents.* Astounding as 

these figures are, it is possible, even probable, that the European 

peasantry which has lived for centuries in the same locaUties would 

; show ahnost as much inbreeding, if genealogical records had been 

i kept. The New England colonists rarely inbred as closely as their 

I European cousins have done, and during the last hundred years 

I there has been much intermarriage with unrelated stocks. It therei- 

I fore seems ridiculous to assert, as some have done, that the New 

1 England stock has been injured by inbreeding.f 

f The gehealogical student finds much to interest him in the dis- 

: tribution of the sexes in the old families; for, while some families^. 

"ran to boys" and in a few generations were flourishing in numerous 

branches, others became almost or quite extinct in the male line 

because of the preponderance of girls. Biologists are not yet agreed 

as to the causes that determine sex; but the writer has made an 

interesting test which may shed some Ught on the question. J The 

sex of the first-born child, and also the sex of all the children, of 139 

reigning sovereigns was ascertained, and the results are surprising. 

For, while out of a total of 876 children 467 were male and 409 

female, out of the 139 first-born children 95 were male and 44 female. 

It wiU be observed that, if the first-born children are deducted, 

the remaining children are almost evenly divided as to sex; and this 

is what is to be expected in ascertaining the sex of any large number 

of chUdren. But the excess of males among the first-born children 

is so amazing as to be of real significance. It may safely be assumed 

that a large majority of the mothers in these cases were extremely 

desirous that their first-born children should be boys, in order to 

secure the succession to the throne; and it may be asked whether 

the mental disposition of the mother can be one of the determining 

causes of the sex of the child. * 

Instances can be found where for several successive generations 

*With a view to making certain studies in heredity, inbreeding, etc., the writer has charted 
over 10,000 descendants of Ferdinand and Isabella, and the figures given above are based on 
these charts. 

tCf. the thoughtful note of Riifus Stickney Tucker, in Registeb, vol. 75, p. 317. 

JThe figures for the test were drawn from the writer's charts of the descendants of Ferdinand 
and Isabella. 


94 Genealogical Byways [April 

there was no surviving son and the line of descent had to go through 
daughters — where, in other words, a woman who was herself an 
heiress iiad only female issue, who in their turn had only female 
issue, thus establishing a Une of heiresses from mother to daughter. 
The most singular case on record nms through several titled famiUes 
of Germany and Austria, and ought to be published in toto to preserve 
it as a genealogical curiosity; but it has no legitimate place in the 
present article. Suffice it to say, that for eight successive generations, 
upwards of two hundred years, the line of descent was through 
females, no one of whom had survi\dng male issue.* 

It is also curious to note how the members of certain families 
adopted the same profession for generations; and it is difficult to 
say whether this is due to inherited inclination or to the influence of 
environment and training. The noted Hull family of Wallingford 
and Derby, Conn., produced within six generations, and in the male 
line, at least seventeen physicians, two generals, one commodore, 
six captains, three Ueutenants, and many others engaged, either 
permanently or temporarily, in the military and naval professions. 
Every genealogist has found similar instances, and the curious can 
find many such cases noted in books and articles treating of eugenics. 

The peculiar names with which the Puritans so often endowed 
their chjldren quickly catch the attention of the genealogical novice, 
and it delights even the experienced genealogist to discover such odd 
appellations as Yet-Once Barstow and Godsgift Amold.f The 
emplojinent of unusual names frequently provides clues towards 
the elucidation of an ancestral line, but the novice is as likely to be 
misled as correctly guided by clues of this kind. It frequently happens 
that the duplication of the same Christian names in two families is 
nothing more than coincidence, and such considerations as locaUty 
and social status are almost as important as nomenclatm-e. An 
exception is the use of surnames for Christian names, which in the 
first hundred years of New England history usually signified relation- 
ship to the family whose surname was used. But after we pass 
much beyond the year 1750, the employment even of surnames is 
of doubtful value as a clue to relationship. 

Such are some of the genealogical byways into which the feet 
of the student may stray, whether for pastime or for mental profit. 
Space has been lacking to pursue any one of these byways very 
far, but enough has been said to indicate whither they lead. 
Genealogy and chronology have been called the handmaids of 
history; it is equally true that genealogical statistics are essential 
to students of eugenics, biometrics, and human heredity. The 
genealogist not onlj^ supplies these essential data to his brother 
scientists, but finds his own intellectual horizon broadened by 
straying at -times into these cognate fields of science. 

*The line starts with Elisabeth, Princess of I-iechtenstein, born in 16S3, wife of Leopold, Duke 
of Holstein-Wiesenburg, continues through the eldest daughter in each generation, including 
the first wife of the famous Austrian statesman, Metternich, and concludes with Elisabeth, Princess 
of Oettingen, born in 1SS3, wife of Victor, Prince of Hohenlohe-Schillingfurst. The last-named 
had (in 1922) four daughters and one son; if this son survives, he will be the first to break the 
chain of heiresses in 233 years. 

tCf.'REGISTEK, voL 77, p. 10. 

1923] New England Vessels in the Louisbourg Expedition 95 



By HowABD MiLLAB Chapin, A.B., of Providence, R. I. 

[Concluded from page 71] 

Meanwhile Captain Rous, in the Shirley, sailed from Boston early 
in May (about May 3), convoying five transports, the Massachusetts 
ones commanded by Captains Bramham, Clark, ' Rackwood, and 
Jones, and the New Hampshire one by Captain Ward. On the 
voyage*, he feU in with the French frigate Renommee, which attacked 
one of the transports and forced her to strike her colors. The Re- 
nommee then left her to chase the Shirley, thus enabling the captured 
vessel to escape. Rous ordered two of the others to go inshore, 
where the Renommee could not follow them, and by this means they 
escaped. Three of them reached Canso by May 10. The other 
two made a harbor west of Canso, and finally arrived at Canso a 
day or so later. The Shirley outsailed the Renommee and reached 
Canso in safety. On the 15th the Shirley sailed from Canso, con- 
voying the aforesaid five transports and the Good Intent and the 
Philadelphia, which had reached Canso a few days earlier. This 
fleet reached Chapeaurouge Bay on the 16th.t 

A schooner left Chapeaurouge Bay on the iSth, touched at Canso 
on the 17th, and arrived at Boston on May 24. The schooner that 
had been sent to Newfoimdland with despatches, returning, arrived 
at Chapeaurouge Bay on or before the 15th. 

On this day also four transports sailed from Canso for Boston. 
They were the brigantine Victory, Capt. WiUiam Adams, the 
brigantine St. Jean, Captain Richardson, the schooner St. Peter, 
Captain Davis, and the prize sloop taken by Donahue, which was 
commanded by Captain Arno. On the 15th two schooners commanded 
by Mr. Allen and Mr. Hammond were sent on a fishing expedition 
from Chapeaurouge Bay. They touched at Canso on the evening 
of the 16th and again on the evening of the 17th. They sailed in the 
morning, but were driven back by bad weather. On the 19th they 
sailed again for Chapeaurouge Bay, Mr. Hammond carried despatches 
from Cutter to Pepperell, and reached Chapeaurouge Bay on the 
21st. The Victory, Captain Adams, reached Boston on May 22, as 
also a schooner taken by the Boston Packet. 

The brigantine St. Jean and Captain Arno reached Boston before 
May 23, as also another sloop and a schooner, both prizes of Captain 
Donahue. A schooner which left Chapeaurouge Bay on the 15th 
and Canso on the 17th arrived at Boston on the 24th. This was 
probably the schooner Charming Molly, Captain Byles, carrying 
wounded soldiers, which saUed from Canso on the 17th in company 
with the schooner Seaflower, Captain Wadlin, which carried French 

♦Kimball, Correspondence of the Colonial Governors of Rhode Island, voL 1, p. 341, footnote, 
confuses this voyage with that of the Tartar in April. 

tPepperell says that the transports arrived on the 17th. Rous, however, was certainly off 
Louisbourg on the 16th, with at least some of the transports. 


96 New England Vessels in the Louisbourg Expedition [April 

civilians from the Isle de Madame. On the 16th the Bonetta, Captain 
Becket, sailed from Canso for the Gut of Canso, in search of timber, 
and also for the Isle de Madame. 

On May 16 the Superb, EUham, Launceston, Tartar, and Shirley 
were off Louisbourg, and a council of war was held on board the 
Superb, which was attended by Warren, Durell, Calmady, Tiddeman, 
Rous, and Fones. 

On May 17 Warren wrote to Pepperell: "Captain Gayton and all 
our cruizers except the Road Island ship are now in sight," appar- 
ently ignoring the absence of the Prince of Orange. In direct contra- 
diction to this, PeppereU wrote on the 19th to Warren: "When 
Capt. Gayton arrives, pray the favour of you that I may know of 
it," and again on the 19th: "I cant conceive where Gayton and 
Smythers are," and on the 20th to Warren: "Capt. Gayton is not 
yet arrived." Either Pepperell did not know that Gayton was seen 
by Warren on the 17th or else he was expected to go into Chapeau- 
rouge Bay and failed to do so. 

The apparent contradiction in the data in regard to the Prince 
of Orange, Captain Smithurst, can perhaps be explained by the fact 
that Pepperell and Warren issued orders to the captains of vessels 
without regard as to whether or not the vessels were present. On 
May 11 it was voted to send fourteen Massachusetts transports to 
Boston imder convoy of Captain Smithurst. On the 12th PeppereU 
wrote to Warren: "I have this day sent the schooner Prince of 
Orange to Boston, ordering to wait on you for your packets." The 
Prince of Orange was a snow, not a schooner. Warren on the 13th 
wrote: "Smythers was with the EUham, and I believe will soon be in." 
Smythers, alias Smithurst, was captain of the Prince of Orange and 
was with the EUham on the expedition to St. Ann on the 7th and 
8th and perhaps later. On the 13th Warren asked Pepperell: "Shall 
I send Smythers when he arrives to Boston, agreeable to Mr. Shirley's 
request to you?", and on the 19th Pepperell, as stated above, wrote: 
"I cant conceive where Gajiion and Smythers are." On the 21st 
PeppereU wrote: "Some of them you may order on board Smithers 
which he may carry with him to Boston, as Gov. Shirley desires he 
may be sent to guard the coast of New England." Smithurst had 
not sailed by the 21st and was not with the fleet on the 24th. Pep- 
pereU wrote to Shirley on June 2: "I have heard nothing of Smithurst 
since his being in bad weather on his passage from St. Ann's." 
Governor Shirley wrote on June 2: "I am in some pain for Smith- 
urst," and on July 19 he conceded the loss of the Prince of Orange, 
attributing it to a storm. A French privateer was captured on 
July 13 by the Boston Packet, and from this vessel it was learned 
that the Prince of Orange had been captured by the Renommee, which 
reached Canada (McLennan says the Bale des Castors in Acadia) 
some thirty-two days before, that is, about June 12. It must have 
been earHer than that date, however, for the Renommee crossed the 
Atlantic and arrived at Brest on June 19. The Prince of Orange was 
probably captured between the time when she parted from the 
Defence on May 12 and the time when she would naturally have 
reached the fleet off Louisbourg, that is, not later than May 16 or 17. 

1923] New England Vessels in the Louisbourg Expedition 97 

Curiously enough, after capturing the snow Prince of Orange, the 
Renommee crossed the Atlantic, joined De Salvert's squadron, and 
sailed again for America, capturing on this voyage, late in July or 
early in August, another Prince of Orange, one of the so-called "mast- 
ships," from which the French fleet obtained its first news of the fall 
of Louisbourg. 

H.M.S. Trethodck (Trecolhick), a supply vessel for Commodore 
Warren's fleet, arrived at Chapeaurouge Bay on May 18. On this 
day the Tartar was ordered to cruise to the eastward of Louisbourg. 
A French brigantine appeared, and the Tartar immediately went in 
chase and soon captured her in the Bay of Scatarie. She was the 
Deux Amies, called also by various authorities the Deux Arnie, Deux 
Amis, and perhaps also the Two Friends (cf. McLennan, Louisbourg, 
page 144, footnote), 80 tons, Capt. Dominick Chatson, bound from 
St. Jean de Luz, near Bayonne, France, for Louisbourg, with a 
cargo of wine, brandy, provisions, oil, nets, cordage, and salt. The 
Tartar took the Deux Amies into Chapeaurouge Bay on the 19th, 
being joined on the way by H.M.S.' Launceston. From the Deux 
Amies it was learned that a French fleet of four men-of-war (one of 
72 guns, and three of 56 guns each) and three company ships of 30 
gims each might be daily expected. On May 18 Captain Fletcher ia 
the Boston Packet landed a party about 10 miles from Louisbourg, 
on Chapeaurouge Bay, some distance from the camp. They were 
attacked by Indians and lost seven or eight men kiUed and three 
captured. The Molineux went into Chapeaurouge Bay for wood and 
water on the 19th. 

The French ship' Vigilant, 64 guns, Capt. Alexandre Boisdescoxirt, 
Marquis de la Maisonfort, attacked H.M.S. Mermaid about 1 P.M. 
on May 19. The latter led the French ship toward the fleet off 
Louisbourg. The Vigilant pursued the Mermaid until the fleet came 
in sight. Then she attempted to escape, instead of chase, and the 
Mermaid in turn chased her. The Shirley, Captain Rous, joined in 
the chase at 3 P.M. (at 6 P.M., according to the log of the Mermaid) 
and "plyed his Bow Chace very well" until 7 o'clock. The Superb, 
Launceston, Eltham, and the ship Massachusetts joined in the chase. 
The larger vessels easily outsailed the Massachusetts and the Shirley, 
and soon disappeared in the fog that had set in. The Vigilant, after 
being very badly battered by gunfire, surrendered to the Mermaid 
about 9 o'clock in the evening. Waldo wrote on May 21 that he 
thought he saw the large French ship following Commodore Warren 
into Chapeaurouge Bay on the evening past. Bradstreet states that 
the Vigilant was brought into Chapeaurouge Bay on the 21st. 
Captain Douglas of the Mermaid was given the command of the 
Vigilant, and Captain Montague was put in command of the Mermaid. 

The ship Massachusetts, Captain Tyng, brought a letter from 
Commodore Warren to General Pepperell at Chapeaurouge Bay on 
the 21st, and H.M.S. Bien Aime, Captain Gayton, arrived. In the 
afternoon H.M.S. Launceston ran afoul of the Molineux in the fog 
and almost capsized her. The Launceston's forechains were carried 
away. As is usual in war, sickness claimed many victims. Com- 
modore Warren states that he had to man the Shirley out of the 

98 New England Vessels in the Louisbourg Expedition [April 

transports and left only four men on each transport. He suggested 
that the prisoners be put on the Ccesar, Fame, Molineux, and the 
Prince of Orange. A schooner with despatches from Canso reached 
Chapeaurouge Bay. Captain Saunders, who apparently had charge 
of the vessels at Chapeaurouge Bay, wrote to General PeppereU 
that he had sent two schooners with wood and water out to the 
fleet, had watered the Fame, Molineux, and Tartar, and had sent 
Captain Daggett to the fleet with powder and shot. 

A large ship of 60 guns, supposed to be the Aurora Borealis but 
really H.M.S. Princess Mary, Captain Edwards, joined the fleet on 
the 22d, and Captain Smith of the packet service sailed from Cha- 
peaurouge Bay with despatches, touching at Canso on the 23d and 
arriving at Boston on May 30. Cleaves under date of May 22 wrote: 
"go tens [? Gajrtons] men to[ok] a french shaUoway from St. Johns 
[? Isle St. Jean] to Lovesbiirge [Louisbourg] laden with corn and rye." 
On May 22 Captain Donnel's schooner, that had been retaken by 
the Boston Packet, arrived at Boston. She must have sailed from 
Canso or Chapeaurouge Bay about the middle of the month. 

The ship Massachusetts was in Chapeaurouge Bay on the 23d, 
and on the 24th H.M.S. Hector joined the fleet and the Defence 
anchored in Chapeaurouge Bay. The Defence sailed out of the Bay 
and joined the fleet off Louisbourg on the 26th. 

About the middle of May Captain Newmarch, in the schooner 
Fishhawk, was sent with despatches to Annapohs Roj'al. On the 
19th he was attacked by Indians, in eleven canoes, at Annapohs 
Harbor, between the Basin and the fort, and, after the Indians had 
fired about 200 shots, he was forced to return. He arrived at Canso 
on the 26th, and reported that a 60-gun French ship had recently 
been at Liscomb's Harbor. Captain Newmarch continued on to 
Chapeaurouge Bay, where he arrived on the 31st. On May 30 the 
Vigilant was brought into Chapeaurouge Bay to be refitted. Captain 
Becket, in the Bonetta, went from Canso to the Isle de Madame, and 
returned with news that 1000 French and Indians would soon go 
to Cape Breton via the Gut of Canso. On this cruise Captain 
Becket landed at the Isle de la Madelaine and burned eleven houses 
there. Becket planned to go to "Santa Spirit" [St. Esprit] to bum 
that place, but Cutter, the commandant at Canso," would not spare 
him so long from guarding that port. 

At a councU of war held June 1 it was decided to man the Vigilant 
out of the transports and land forces, lea%dng only two men on each 
transport. Commodore Warren sent despatches to General PeppereU 
by Mr. Loriag and by Captain Ne^Tnarch in the Fishhawk. The 
Susurnam, a brigantine from Nantes, laden with wine and brandy, 
was captured by the Mermaid on June 1 or 2, Wolcott and Bradstreet 
saying that she was taken on the 1st, while the logs of the Mermaid 
and the Eltham and also Warren, PeppereU, and BidweU give the 
date as the 2d. According to the Launceston's log, she was brought 
to the fleet on the 3d. The Molineux was sent in chase to the east- 
ward on the 2d. An anonymous diarist says that a ship and a brig 
were taken on Jime 1, and Bradstreet says a ship and a snow, evi- 
dently meaning a brig. The rumor of the capture of two vessels 

1923] New England Vessels in the Louisbourg Expedition 99 

was apparently current in camp. Wolcott describes the vessel as 
a brig of 15 tons, probably an error for 150 tons or 15 guns. Captain 
ExDus in the Shirley, together with two schooners, was ordered to 
Annapolis with despatches on June 1, and a vessel with despatches 
for Boston was to be convoyed by the Shirley as far as Cape Sable. 
In case Annapolis was found to be in danger, one schooner was to 
be sent to Boston and the other to Louisbourg. 

On June 2 the Defence anchored off the camp. Later in the day 
(or, according to Wolcott, Bradstreet, and an anonymous diarist, 
on the 3d) Captain Donahue, in the Resolution, arrived from Boston 
in eight days, with a large mortar, shells, and powder. Captain Bush 
was sent to the Lighthouse Battery with carriages for the cannon, 
and Commodore Warren sent Mr. Loring in a schooner to assist 
Bush with the landing. The Shirley sailed jon the 2d, in company 
with two schooners, for Annapolis. Captain Giddings, in a schooner, 
sailed from Chapeaurouge Bay on June 3 (June 4 according to 
Pepperell's diary, but June 3 according to a letter of Pepperell's 
written on the 5th and also a subsequent letter) with despatches, and 
arrived at Boston on June 15 after "a 10 days voyage." It is possible 
that Giddings joined the Shirley and was convoyed as far as Cape 
Sable, as ordered. 

On June 3 Commodore Warren ordered the Boston Packet, Captain 
Fletcher, into the Bay as an additional guard to help Captain 
Saunders in case of trouble with the prisoners. Captain Griffith in 
the Ccesar captured a large sloop from Canada, laden with flour and 
other provisions, a few rmle? east of the hghthouse. She ran ashore 
while trying to escape. This vessel brought the news that 1000 
re enforcements were coming from the siege of Annapolis to the 
relief of Louisbourg. The Launceston's log, under the date of June 4, 
says that she was "joined by privateer's sloop and prize." 

At a council of war held on June 3 it was voted to man the Vigilant 
out of the Fame, CcBsar, and Molineux, leaving forty men on each, 
and then to send these three vessels to New England with prisoners. 
It was also voted to retain the Tartar in His Majesty's service until 
further orders. Cleaves says that Colonel EveUth's schooner came 
in from AnnapoUs on the 3d and that the prize ship [? the Vigilant] 
sailed out of the Bay. 

Bidwell records that a "frigas" [frigate], with nineteen men, was taken 
at night on June 3 near Scatarie. This perhaps refers to the Susurnam. 

Captain Becket, in the Bonetta, with only thirty-one men, sailed 
from Canso on May 28 and cruised at sea, returning on June 1. 
Captain Bennett sailed from Boston about May 27 and reached 
Canso, after a voyage of six days, on the afternoon of June 2 and 
Chapeaurouge Bay on the 4th._ Evidently the schooner Montague 
and another schooner belonging at Annapolis had been captured by 
the French, for Governor Shirley on June 3 -RTote that he hoped to 
retake them. He also wrote: "The Canso soldiers I got sent away 
in an armed biUander* sufficient to clear the Gut of the enemy." 

*A bilander is a two-masted vessel, like a brig, but she has her mainsail bent to the whole length 
of a yard hanging fore and aft and inclined to the horizon at an angle of 45 degrees, the foremost 
lower corner being secured to a ringbolt in the deck. She carries a square maintopsail and top- 
gallant sail. 

VOL. LXXVn. 7 

100 New England Vessels in the Louishourg Expedition [April 

Engineer John H. Bastide, in the "Ordnance Packet" Amplus, 
Captain Donnel, left AnnapoUs on May 27 and reached Canso on 
June 4. Mr. Bastide then sent a despatch to Commodore Warren by 
the Bonetta, Captain Becket's "Uttle sloop," which reached Cha- 
peaurouge Bay on the 5th. Mr. Bastide in the Amplus sailed from 
Canso on the 5th and reached Chapeaurouge Bay on June 6. 

Bradstreet says that two vessels were captured on June 4, evidently 
referring to the "Carolina rice ship"* and the "Canada sloop," the 
latter also being mentioned by Viirn as taken on the 3d. PeppereU 
also refers to her on both the 3d and 4th. She was captured on the 
3d at night, and was apparently brought into Chapeaiuouge Bay on 
the 4th; hence the repeated entries. PeppereU wrote that, if Captain 
Bush and Captain Loring in a schooner had not been at the entrance 
of the harbor, the sloop would probably have got in. The so-called 
"Carolina rice ship" was chased by the Molineux and the Princess 
Mary on June 4 and was captured by the latter. She was a brigantine 
•of 200 tons and 12 guns, and had been recently captured by the French 
ship Renommee. On this day also the ship Massachusetts and the 
Fame sailed to the rehef of Annapolis. 

On June 5 the Defence weighed anchor and cruised to the west of 
the Ughthouse, the Abigail, Captain Femald, was ordered to replace 
Captain Bush's vessel in guarding the mouth of the harbor, and the 
Bonetta, Captain Becket, arrived from Canso with news that the 
French had raised the siege of Annapolis and were sending re en- 
forcements to Louisbourg. The Molinevx was ordered to Chapeau- 
rouge Bay to take on board 150 French prisoners for Boston. The 
Hopestill sailed from Chapeaiuouge Bay on June 5 at 7 o'clock in 
the evening, reached Casco Bay on Jime 18, and sailed on the 20th 
for Boston, where she arrived at 1.12 at night on the 21st. On 
June 6 Captain Bush came on shore at Chapeaiurouge Bay. 

The Tartar, Captain Fones, sailed on June 6 for Canso, where she 
arrived on the 7th, and sailed immediately to join the Resolution 
and the Bonetta, which had already sailed for the Gut of Canso on 
the evening of the 6th. 

H.M.S. Chester, 50 guns, joined the fleet on June 9, and Warren 
sent word of the fact to PeppereU. PeppereU, also, sent a despatch 
to Warren by a shaUop. 

The fourteen transports which were to be convoyed to Boston by 
the Prince of Orange, according to the order of May 11, sailed June 10 
under the convoy of the Bien Aime, Captain Gay ton, as the PriJice 
of Orange was stiU missing. There were twenty-six vessels in this . 
convoj'', including the Molineux, Ccesar, and four New Hampshire 
transports. A schooner was despatched from Chapeaurouge Bay for 
Canso with messages on this day. 

About June 4 Captain Donahue, in the Resolution, sailed from 
Chapeaurouge Bay for Canso and the Gut. Captain Bush was 
ordered to Boston with prisoners on June 6, but these orders were 
probably countermanded, as he apparently did not make this voyage. 

•One diarist says a brig, and Pomeroy says that the vessel was taken on the 5th and was said 
to be a 34-gun ship. Cleaves says that a ship and a snow were taken on the 4th and two rice ships 
on the 5th. Evidently the rumors in camp exaggerated the cumber of prizes taken 

1923] New England Vessels in the Louishourg Expedition 101 

The Tartar was off Louisbourg on June 6 and was ordered to take 
Bush's place at the mouth of the harbor. 

.Warren wrote on this date, June 6, that he had ordered the Defence 
to the Gut of Canso; but this was either a shp of the pen or else 
the order was changed, for the Tartar was sent. Commodore Warren 
sent a schooner to Annapolis on the 7th to recall the Massachusetts 
and Fame and to order the Shirley to Boston. 

Six transports were ordered out to the fleet on June 11, and on the 
13th all the transports in Chapeaurouge Bay, fifty-four in number, 
sailed out to the fleet to strip the vessels for action. 
; Meanwhile, on June 12, H.M.S. Sunderland, 60 guns, H.M.S. 

Canterbury, 60 guns, H.M.S. Lark, 40 guns, a prize of 20 guns, and 
the ordnance storeship for Annapolis, the Blacket and Fenwick, 
Captain Kitchenman, arrived; two wood sloops were sent out to 
the fleet; and the Defence and Boston Packet sent a plundering expe- 
dition on shore near "Laten." Th,e land forces at the Royal Battery 
I seized seventeen shallops, thirty whaleboats, and a schooner, and 

1 Mr. Shipman on June 12 ran the schooner out of the harbor to the 

i fleet. A shallop had been kept plying between the fleet and Grand 

I Battery with messages. 

I The Resolution, Captain Donahue, reached Canso on Jtme 5, with 

I General Pepperell's orders of the 3d; the Tartar, as has been noted, 

I arrived on the 7th; Captain Hodgkins arrived with supplies from 

I Chapeaurouge Bay on the 11th, and sailed again for Chapeaurouge 

f Bay, in company with "the small sloop," on or before June 14. 

I Captain Bramham's sloop was at Canso on June 14, and sailed on 

I the 15th for Chapeaurouge Bay. On that day the schooner SaUy, 

I Captain Smith, arrived at Canso from Boston in ten days, and reached 

i Chapeaurouge Bay on the 18th. 

I Louisboiu-g capitulated on June 16, 1745, and the fleet of warships 

\ and transports sailed into the harbor on the 17th. On the 18th the 

:' French ship St. Francis Xavier, 300 tons, 12 guns, from Bordeaux, 

I laden with wine and brandy, appeared off the hghthouse and was 

• captured by H.M.S. Chester. Governor Wolcott credits the capture 

•: to the Connecticut sloop Defence, Captain Prentice, which probably 

assisted the Chester. The schooner Sally, Captain Smith, one of the 
despatch packets, 'arrived from Boston and Canso. 

At Boston Captain Giddings, in a schooner, arrived on the 15th, 
the Molineux, Captain SneUing, with 143 prisoners on the 17th, 
and on the 19th the Ccesar, Captain Griffith, a prize ship of 16 guns, 
and (in the evening) the Bien Aime, Captain Gayton. Between 
June 20 and 27 several transports with troops sailed from Boston 
for Cape Breton Island. The Boston News-Letter states that Captain 
SneUing, ia the ship Ccesar, sailed June 25. This error has been fol- 
lowed by Winsor and Preble. It was reaUy the Molineux, Captain 
SneUing, carrying 110 soldiers, that saUed from Nantasket early in 
the morning of the 25th, and not the snow Caesar, which was a vessel 
of 14 guns and was commanded by John (not George) Griffith. 
(Cf. Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society, vol. 44, 
. page 76.) She had under convoy a schooner and a sloop, but lost 
sight of them in a thunderstorm on June 29. ' 

102 New England Vessels in the Louisbourg Expedition [April 

Captain Bennett sailed from Louisbourg on the 20th and reached 
Boston July 2, with the first news of the capture of Louisbourg. 
Early in the morning of the next day, July 3, which was Commence- 
ment Day, Governor Shirley ordered all the bells in Boston to be 
rung and guns to be fired to annoimce and celebrate the victory. 

Captain Bush sailed from Louisbourg for England on the 22d, 
with Captain Montague and a joint letter from Warren and Pep- 
pereU to the Duke of Newcastle. The vessel was reported by a 
French prize to have been captured and taken into Saint-Malo, yet 
Captain Montague, with the news of the surrender of Louisbom-g, 
arrived in England on July 20. At 4 o'clock in the afternoon of 
Tuesday, July 23, the Tower and park guns in London were fired in 
honor of the captiure of Cape Breton, and in the evening London was 
illuminated, amidst the blaze of many bonfires. 

The Shirley, Captain Rous, arrived off Louisbourg from Annapolis, 
with artUlery, on the 24th, but was prevented by a heavy fog from 
entering the harbor until the 25th.* She saluted the fleet with 17 
guns. Coit's, Mumford's, and Robbins's vessels were taken into the 
King's pay on the 24th. This was doubtless a result of the action of 
the coimcil of war, which on June 22 advised that eight vessels be 
used as transports to carry the prisoners to France, viz., two brig- 
antines and a schooner belonging to Connecticut (probably the 
vessels commanded by Coit, Mumford, and Robbins), two sloops 
belonging to Boston, commanded by Bramham and Clark, a schooner 
(? the St. Peter) of York, commanded by Adams, a sloop of Ports- 
mouth (the Abigail), " Jno. FmneU, Master," and two vessels com- 
manded by Robert White and Sarnl. Barnes. As the only schooner 
in the Connecticut contingent of Apr. 14 was the Charming Molly, 
Captain Byles, that had sailed for New England in May, it wo*ald 
seem probable that this schooner and one or both of the brigantines 
had come later with supplies or reenforcements. The embarkation 
of the French prisoners and refugees on the transports and warships 
for their journey to France began on June 24. 

The Tartar joined the Resolution and the Bonetta in the Gut of 
Canso about June 8. The fleet of three vessels, under the command 
of Fones, cruised for a week in search of the enemy reenforcements, 
but without success. On the 15th, near Tackquamnash in Askma- 
couse Harbor, Famme Goose Bay, at six in the morning, smoke was 
sighted to leeward. The Tartar and Bonetta went in pursuit, behev- 
ing it to be from the fires of the French and Indian troops. Soon 
after they had disappeared from sight, two sloops, two schooners, a 
shaUopway, and about fifty Indian canoes appeared. The vrmd hav- 
ing dropped, the Resolution was left helplessly becalmed, and was 
easily surrounded and attacked by the Hghter craft. Captain Dona- 
hue and his vessel were dangerously near capture, when a freshening 
breeze brought back the Tartar and the Bonetta. When these vessels 
brought their guns to bear on the French and Indians, many were 
killed. The enemy then retreated into shoal water, the Resolution 
pursuing them at pistol-shot range until she ran aground, but later 

♦Accounts vary, giving Rous's arrival on the 24th, the 25th, and the 26th. Cleaves gives Rous's 
arrival from Annapolis both on June 26 and July 2. 

1923] New England Vessels in the Louishourg Expedition 103 

she was floated. The French and Indians retreated up the narrow 
creeks and sought refuge in the woods. They were under the com- 
mand of M. Marin, a Canadian oflficer, and were about 1200 in 
number, being the reenforcements sent from the siege of Annapolis 
Royal to the reHef of Louisbourg, This defeat which they suffered 
at Famme Goose Bay prevented their crossing to Cape Breton 
Island and reaching Louisbourg. Two days after this repulse the 
forces under Pepperell entered the city of Louisbourg. 

The fleet under Fones cruised for another week in order to prevent 
a second attempt of the reenforcements to cross to Cape Breton 
Island, and then, on the 22d, Captain Fones despatched the Bonetta, 
Captain Becket, to Canso with news of the defeat of Marin. The 
Bonetta arrived at Canso Jime 23. 

Returning from Canso, the Bonetta rejoined Fones's fleet and cruised 
with them until the 26th, when Fones sent additional despatches to 
Commodore Warren. The Bonetta carried these, touching at Canso 
on the 27th, speaking the Defence off St. Esprit on the 29th, and 
reaching Chapeaurouge Bay the same day. Meanwhile the Tartar 
and the Resolution continued to guard the Gut of Canso. On Satur- 
day, June 29, they sighted four Indians at a place called Fustic, , 
about a league west of the Gut. Captain Donahue and eleven of 
his men went ashore in his launch to investigate, and were suddenly 
surrounded and cut off by about 300 Indians. The Tartar, being 
within musket shot of the shore, tried to cover the landing party 
with gunfire, but Captain Donahue and five of his men were killed, 
the otheir six being captured. The Indians are reported to have 
cut open Donahue's chest, to have sucked his blood, and then to have 
eaten Donahue and the other five slain. Captain Fones in the 
Tartar, with Captain Donahue's Resolution, reached Canso July 7 
with the sad news of Donahue's death, and on the 8th the Resolution 
sailed into Louisbom-g Harbor with her colors hoisted at half-mast. 
Capt. David Donahue was the only naval commander to lose his 
life in the expedition of 1745 against Louisbourg.* Capt. Joseph 
Richardson was appointed captain of the Resolution. 

The Massachusetts, Captain Tyng, returning from Annapolis, 
passed Canso on June 26 without stopping, apparently not seeing 
the signals of Captain Cutter, the commandant there, and therefore 
must have reached Louisbourg about the 27th. The Defence sailed 
from Louisbourg on June 28, spoke the Bonetta, Captain Becket, 
about 8 o'clock on the 29th off St. Esprit, and anchored at Canso 
on June 30. 

H.M.S. Hector, Captain Cornwall, sailed from Louisbourg June 30 
with despatches, and arrived at Boston July 9, "in eight days." 

The Defence sailed from Canso at 7 A.M. on July 1 and anchored 
in Louisbourg Harbor at 11 A.M. oh July 3. The Diamond, Capt. 

•David Donahue was mate on the Mary gaUey, of London, which was wrecked, 4 Sept. 
1742, in the River Gambia, on the western coast of Africa. The ship was plundered and de- 
stroyed by the natives, and her cargo of slaves escaped and barbarously murdered all of the crew 
except the captain and Donahue. These two hid for twenty-seven days in the remains of the 
cabin, and finally made their escape and reached SenegaL But Donahue escaped death at the 
hands of the African savages only to be barbarously killed three years later by the Indians in 
Nova Scotia. 

104 New England Vessels in the Louishourg Expedition [April 

Ephraim Doane, sailed from Louisbourg with sick soldiers on July 2 
and reached Canso at 3 P.M. on July 3, sailing again from Canso 
July 5 for New London. 

Captain Giddings, who saUed from Boston June 22 with despatches 
and several vessels and one company of Colonel Choate's regiment, 
arrived at Chapeaurouge Bay July 2 and anchored at Louisbourg 
July 3. Captain Edman also arrived at Louisbourg on the 3d, with 
a company of Worcester County men. 

At least one of the transports that sailed from Boston with part 
of Colonel Choate's regiment, a day or so after Captain Giddings 
sailed, arrived at Canso July 3. 

On July 3 there arrived at Louisboxirg the Fame from Armapolis, 
a schooner, probably Captain Giddings's, from Boston, the Defence 
from Canso, and a 20-gim man-of-war, with 200 soldiers, from 
Newfoundland. H.M.S. Launceston and several transports. sailed for 
France with about 1200 refugees, H.M.S. Lark for Newfoundland, 
and H.M.S. Superb, Captain Tiddeman, for Boston. Some of the 
transports may have sailed for New England on July 3. 

Captain Robbins, Captain Cerl [? Coit], Captain Mum ford, and 
several sloop transports, six vessels in aU, sailed for France July 4, 
and a schooner from New England, with troops (Cleves says two 
transports), arrived. 

On July 5 Captain Saunders with despatches, H.M.S. Eltham, a 
schooner (apparently the HopestiU), and the "Annapolis store ship" 
Blacket and Fenwick, Captain Kitcherman [Kitchenman] sailed for 
Boston. Captain Saunders arrived on the 14th; the Eltham, the 
storeship, and a prize sloop with 204 prisoners arrived on the 17th. 
This last-mentioned may have been one of the vessels that sailed for 
Canso on the 5th. 

The Defence and "two other sloops" sailed from Louisbourg 
July 5 for Canso, where the Defence arrived on the 6th. 

On July 12, in lattitude 42° 16', between Cape Sable and the 
Isle of Shoals, the Diamond spoke Captain Saxmders in an armed 
vessel that had sailed' from Louisbourg after the Diamond sailed. 

Commodore Warren issued orders dated July 5 to Captain Fones 
and Captain Donahue. The latter, however, had been lolled, and 
Captain Fones was still in the Gut of Canso or Bay of Vert. Captain 
Fones may have received these orders when the Tartar reached 
Canso on the 7th, or he may have joined Commodore Warren's 
squadron on the 8th and then received them. In either case he seems 
to have returned immediately to the Bay of Vert, following these 
instructions, and to have gone to Isle de St. Jean, to seize that island 
and bring away prisoners or hostages. They landed at St. Peter's, 
on Isle de St. Jean, and, according to Pollard, "devastated the 
establishment of le sieur Roina, and another [estate belonging] 
to la Joie, then imder the command of an Ensign of foot, M. Dupont 
Duvivier, and 15 men. Duvivier escaped to the woods and when a 
party of English advanced into the forest, they were set on by 
Duvivier, reinforced by a number of Indians and 28 men were killed."* 

*Jame3 B. Pollard's Historical Sketch of the Eastern Regions of New France, p. 17. Cf. also 
Thomas C. Haliburton' Nova Scotia, p. 123, and McLennan's Louisbourg, p. 166. 

'i 1923] New England Vessels in the Louishourg Expedition 105 

< ' On July 5, in the morning, a schooner arrived at Louisbourg from 

I Boston via Canso, having on board CJolonel Choate and two com- 

I panies of soldiers. The Shirley, Captaia Rous, sailed July 6, amid the 

I salutes of the men-of-war, with despatches for England, where she 

I arrived after a voyage of three weel^. The Molineux, Captain Snel- 

I ling, with a sloop and schooner, arrived at Louisbourg from Boston 

I with recruits on the 6th. 

I On the 4th the Molineux spoke a schooner that had sailed on the 

I 23d from Boston for Louisbourg. A Rhode Island schooner com- 

I manded by James Jordon arrived at Canso in the afternoon of July 8.* 

? On the 9th seven transports sailed from Louisbourg for Boston with 

; prisoners, ■ and a sloop commanded by Trefethen sailed for Ports- 

'; mouth. Another diarist says that eight schooners sailed for New 

I England with prisoners on the 9th. A schooner sailed for France 

on the 10th. 

The Defence sailed from Canso for St. Peter's on July 11, spoke 
Captain Hammond, who was boimd for Louisbourg, on the 13th, 
and returned to Canso on the 15th. A schooner, Captain Jordon, 
from Canso, three weeks out from Rhode Island, arrived at Louis- 

■ bourg July 11, and five or six schooners with prisoners and soldiers, 
I together with the Fame, Captain Thompson, with sick soldiers, 
I sailed at 10 A.M. for Boston. Captain Mitchell, in command of a 
I sloop transport, Donahue's Resolution, Captain Richardson, and two 
I schooners (one diarist says two sloops and two schooners) were in 
I the fleet of five or six vessels that saUed for New England on the 12th. 
1 The Boston Packet, Captain Fletcher, on July 13 took a French 
i privateer schooner, 4 guns (4 cannon and 12 swivel guns), from 
I Canada, laden with provisions, and from this vessel it was learned 
; that the Prince of Orange had been captured by the Renommee several 
\ weeks before. 

I Several wood sloops returned from St. Ann to Louisbourg on 

I July 14; a transport sailed at 6 A.M. from Louisbourg, reached 

■ Canso on the 15th, passed Cape Negro on the 23d, and reached 
!. Boston on the 29th; and the Amplus saUed from Louisbourg about 

7 A.M., spoke a brigantine from Massachusetts on the 15th, and at 
four in the afternoon of the 16th put into Canso, where they found 

; strawberries ripe. The Amplus sailed from Canso at dawn the next 

day, sighted several vessels from Boston, passed Cape Sable on the 
26th, sighted Cape Ann on the 28th, reached Nantasket on the 29th, 
and anchored at Boston before sunset. 

Late in June or early in July Captain Wickham arrived at Boston 
from Newport with 74 Rhode Island sailors for the Vigilant, 61 of 
whom were embarked before July 3 on the snow Ccesar. The Ccesar 
was delayed in Boston until July 9, when she was ordered to sail 
forthwith, and she arrived at Louisbourg July 16, having convoyed 
six or seven vessels with troops from "the neighboring governments," 

; that is, Rhode Island and Connecticut. These vessels doubtless 

included the two Rhode Island transports (SheflGield mentions two brig- 
antines, the Success and the Su^an), the brigantine Success (which 

; was hired by the Colony before June 18, 1745, from William Ellery 

I 'Sheffield, p. 18, says that Jordon airired at Louisbourg July 25. 

106 New England Vessels in the Louishourg Expedition [April 

and Philip TiUingliast, both of Newport), and the schooner Beaver, 
Captain Cahoone, which sailed from Newport July 2, with three 
companies of Rhode Island soldiers. 

Two sloops, under Captain Chapman and Captain Fitch, with 
troops from Connecticut, arrived at Louishourg on July 17, and 
apparently also Capt. John Wise arrived from Portsmouth, whither 
he sailed back, arriving there before July 25. The Molineux, Captain 
Snelling, sailed at 10 A.M. for Boston with 150 prisoners, passed 
White Head on the 18th, at midnight on the 19th, in a fog, ran 
afoul of a sloop bound from Boston to Newfoundland, passed Cape 
Negro on the 24th and spoke a sloop thirteen days out from Louis- 
hourg, and on the 28th, at 2 A.M., anchored in Boston Harbor. 

Some vessels going east passed Canso on July 17, and two more 
on July 18. Captain Adams saUed from Boston with letters on 
July 17, and Captain Stephenson on or soon after that date, both for 

Meanwhile the sloop Massachusetts, Captain Saunders, had arrived 
at Boston on July 14, and had been ordered on July 16 to go to the 
fort on the St. George's River. She immediately sailed on this 
mission, and, returning, reached Boston before Aug. 19. 

Captain Daniel and others from Louishourg, in a sloop for New 
England, arrived at Canso July 16, and at night another sloop for 
the same destination arrived there. They both sailed on the 17th. 

On July 18 the ship Massachusetts sailed for Boston, some vessels 
sailed for France, and a. sloop arrived. A ship sailed for France on 
July 19. The ship Massachusetts reached Boston before Aug. 1. 

The Defence sailed from Canso at sunrise on July 20, and reached 
Louishourg a little before sunset. A snow sailed for France, and a 
ship arrived from Boston, with women as well as men. 

Captain Bennett, Captain ElweU, and other transports arrived 
from Boston July 22, and a large French vessel was sighted off the 

At 9 A.M. on the 23d the Defence, Princess Mary, and Canterbury 
went in pursuit of the French ship and took her in the afternoon.* 
She proved to be the Charmante, an East Indiaman of 28 guns, from 
Bengal. With the first broadside she struck, then hoisted her colors 
again, tried to escape, and struck again as the English vessels closed 
in on her. She was said to be worth £200,000. 

The Boston Packet and several wood sloops came into Louishourg 
July 23, and on the next day the Defence, Princess Mary, Canterbury, 
and Charmante sailed into Louishourg Harbor. One diarist says that 
new recruits arrived from New England on the 24th. Captain Wise 
sailed from New Hampshire on or after July 9 with letters, and 
reached Louisbourg on or before July 25. 

On July 25 a large Rhode Island schooner, commanded by Captain 
Burton or Barton, arrived at Louisbourg. In the afternoon the 
French Malouin shipf sailed for France with refugees, and was 
convoyed off the coast to a distance of 60 leagues by the Tartar, 

*Curwen states this in a letter dated July 25, and he adds that on the next day Colonel Gorham 
was to go in a sloop to Canada, with about 30 French prisoners. 

tA ship hailing from or sailing from the port of Saint-Malo, on the English Channel, in the old 
French province of Brittany. 

1923] New England Vessels in ike Louisbourg Expedition 107 

Captain Fones, in order that she might not speak to any of the 
expected Indiamen. Captain Lovett's vessel went to St. Peter's to 
get wood. 

The Ccesar was in Louisbourg Harbor on July 20, and was ordered 
to carry French prisoners to Rhode Island. She was stiU at Louis- 
bourg on the 24th, but must have sailed soon afterwards. She arrived 
at Newport Aug. 11, 1745, and was thereupon discharged from 
service. The Fame arrived at Boston July 28, was still there on 
July 31, and was then ordered to Newport. She was ordered to dis- 
charge Thomas Russell, John Vickary, Roger Vickary, and Thomas 
Armstrong, aU of Essex, Mass., before leaving Boston. She arrived 
at Newport Aug. 7 and was thereupon discharged from service. 

Captain Branscome sailed from New Hampshire for Louisbourg, 
with letters, on or after July 20. 

Several transports and traders, including at least a sloop and a 
schooner from Boston, arrived at Louisbourg on the 25th or 26th. 
Some sloops went to St. Peter's and Chapeaurouge Bay to get wood. 
Captain Hodge and some others sailed on the 26th for New England, 
Hodge arriving at Boston Aug. 6. 

The Defence sailed from Louisbourg July 27 and reached Canso 
on the 28th. Ten wood sloops could be seen off Louisbourg bound 
for St. Peter's. In the afternoon two men-of-war brought in a prize 
topsail sloop, which was a tender from the Bay of St. Lawrence. 
According to Craft, twenty-two prize vessels were sold at public 
auction (vendue) on the 27th. 

After the Tartar, Captain Fones, had left the French Malouin ship 
some 60 leagues south-southeast of Louisbourg, she returned. On 
her way back Captain Fones spied a ship, whereupon he hoisted 
French colors and decoyed her towards the harbor of Louisbourg, in 
order that she might be captured. The two vessels were sighted off 
Scatarie on July 28. The Chester and the Mermaid went in chase 
and soon captured the French vessel, which proved to be the Heron, 
24 gxms, an East Indiaman from Bengal. The Tartar came into 
Louisbourg Harbor in the morning of July 29, and the Chester, 
Mermaid, and Heron arrived in the afternoon.* They fired a salute 
of fifteen guns, which was returned by Commodore Warren. 

According to the Briefs, the Tartar must have sailed for the Bay 
of Vert on a cruise on or shortly after July 29, but she seems to have 
been back again at Louisbourg on Aug. 7. 

On July 29 a sloop from Boston arrived with livestock and Ume, 
and apparently also a vessel from Salem. Captain Young and Captain 
Smith arrived from Boston at night with 230 men. Captain Brans- 
come from Portsmouth, with a brigantine and schooner and three 
companies of New Hampshire troops, arrived July 30. 

On July 31 the Boston Packet and the Defence were ordered to 
cruise off Louisbourg in the direction of Scatarie. The Defence, 
however, did not return from Canso untU Aug. 6. 

On Aug. 1 Captain Talcott sailed from Louisbourg for New 

*0ne diarist states that this rich prize was brought in on the 28th, and that it had been taken a 
day or two ago. fie also wrote similarly on Aug. 2 that that rich prize had been taken some davs 

108 New England Vessels in the Louisbourg Expedition [April 

London and Parsons sailed for New England. The Boston Packet, 
Captain Fletcher, was cruising to the eastward of Louisbourg, and 
on the evening of Aug. 1 she captured a barge which belonged to the 
Heron and which had gone in to Scatarie to get a pilot. The French- 
meij thought the Boston Packet was a French brigantine, as she was 
flying French colors; and therefore they went out to warn her not to 
go into Louisbourg and were taken prisoners by Captain Fletcher. 
The next morning the Boston Packet sighted a large French ship, 
which the officer frpm the Heron thought was the Triton, of 40 guns. 
The Boston Packet fired three signal guns to warn the ships in the 
harbor that she had seen a sail. She also sent the captured barge 
into the harbor with the news. Then, hoisting French colors, she 
tacked back and forth, trying to decoy the French ship into the 
harbor. Soon the Chester and the Sunderland, both imder French 
colors, were towed out of the harbor and made sail. When they 
reached the Boston Packet, all three bore down on the French ship, 
lowered their French colors, and raised EngUsh ones. Thereupon 
the Chester fired a single gun, and the French ship, the Notre Dame 
de la Deliverance, 22 guns, Pierre Litan, captain, struck. She was 
from the South Sea, with over £300,000 sterUng, in gold and silver, 
from Peru and a cargo of cocoa, Peruvian wool, and Jesuits' bark. 
She had sailed from Cadiz on this cruise over three years before. 
It is not surprising that a great amount of Utigation followed the 
taking of so valuable a prize. The prize case of Notre Dame de la 
Deliverance was for many years in the comts, and much information 
in regard to the Colonial cruisers is found in the evidence there 

In the afternoon (Aug. 2) the warships and their prize came into 
Louisbourg Harbor. Captain Ward arrived from Kittery, Captain 
Powell from Casco, and some sloops with wood from St. Peter's. 
Captain Ward reported that he had seen five lar^e ships and some 
sloops off Cape Sable. These were thought to be a French fleet. 

A ship arrived from London on Aug. 3, a schooner from New York 
on the 4th, and the Defence, which sailed from Canso on the 5th 
at 6 A.M., arrived at Louisbourg on the 6th. On Aug. 7 the Tartar 
was sent on a cruise along the coast from Louisbourg to Canso, in 
order to meet and escort the Hector, in which Governor Shirley was 
expected, in case that vessel should hesitate to venture inshore in . 
the fog. If the Tartar should not mept the Hector before she reached 
Canso, she' was to return immediately to Louisbourg with a report 
on the conditions at Canso. She followed these instructions, reached 
Canso long before Shirley did, and returned to Louisbourg, where 
she arrived Aug. 15. 

Capt. Zebulon ElweU, Captain Bennett, Captain Ryon, and others 
sailed for Boston Aug. 8. Bennett arrived at Boston Aug. 13, in 
five days — a fast trip. Captain Sherburn's schooner was •m-ecked 
on the rocks on Island Battery, while going after wood on the 9th. 
Several sloops returned from St. Peter's with wood, and a schooner, 
perhaps the Beaver, Captain Cahoone, arrived from Newport, R. I. 
Craft says that on Aug. 10 thirty-seven vessels belonging to the 
army were sold at pubKc auction for £1419. Capt. Aaron BuU, in a 

1923] New England Vessels in the Louishourg Expedition 109 

sloop, arrived Aug. 10, as well as a vessel from Charlestown and one 
from New York. Captain Branscome sailed for New England Aug. 13. 

The Tartar, Captain Fones, arrived at Louisbourg on the 15th 
from Canso, and on the same day a deputation, consisting of two 
priests and five agents, came from Isle de St. Jean. They may have 
come on the Tartar. A number of transports sailed for Shedbuckda 
for wood, and several traders came in. 

H.M.S. Superb and H.M.S. Hector sailed from Boston Aug. 3 and 
feached Louisbourg at sunset on Aug. 16, bringing Governor Shirley, 
Mrs. Shirley, Mrs. Warren, and others. The next day, when Gov- 
ernor Shirley went on shore, the Hector fired seventeen guns, the 
Canterbury seventeen gims, and the city nineteen guns. Several 
vessels arrived from Boston on the 17th, and on the 18th the Massa- 
chusetts frigate. Captain Tyng, arrived, with several members of 
the Governor's Council and two companies of men. 

About Aug. 20 a packet arrived from the West, that is, New 
England. A supply vessel from Massachusetts and several traders 
arrived on the 21st. 

On Aug. 20 the Tartar was ordered to go to Newfoundland with 
despatches, and to take with her, under convoy, the schooner Eliza- 
beth, with troops and stores. The Tartar's crew had been depleted by 
sickness, so that she had to recnjit hands from the land forces. She 
saUed Aug. 23, successfully carried out this mission, and, returning, 
arrived at Louisbourg Sept. 9. 

Soon after Aug. 23 the Beaver, Captain Cahoone, a Rhode Island 
vessel, must have saUed from Louisbourg for Newport. 

The Boston Packet came into Louisbourg Harbor on the 26th. 
News reached Louisbourg that a French privateer sloop had taken 
some English traders going to St. Ann, but had given back the 
vessels after taking off the cargoes. The Boston Packet and the 
Bonetta were sent in chase on the 27th, but, not sighting the privateer, 
returned. The Hector sailed Aug. 27. 

On Aug. 29 a sloop was sighted off the harbor, and the Boston 
Packet and Tjmg's lieutenant in the Bonetta went in chase. These 
entries of an anonymous diarist may refer to the same occurrences 
that Craft gives under the dates of Aug. 27 and 28. A sloop came 
into Louisbourg on the 30th. She had been taken by the privateer 
sloop which was chased by the Boston Packet. The Boston Packet 
came into Louisbourg about noon, but sailed immedia.tely. 

A ship was sighted off Louisbourg on the 31st, and six men-of-war 
went in chase. The ship Massachusetts sailed from Louisbourg Aug. 
31 for Boston, where she arrived Sept. 7, after a six days' trip. She 
saUed again for Louisbourg on or after Sept. 13. Captain Lais, in a 
sloop with 60 or 70 men, sailed on the 31st, for Connecticut. 

Captain Spry, in a sloop, and the Resolution, Captain Richardson 
(or, according to Craft, Tucker's sloop), sailed in pursuit of a French 
privateer on Sept. 1. The Resolution ran afoul of a vessel at night, 
but, after getting clear, followed her until dayhght, when she took 
the chase as a prize. This was a Carolina rice ship of 14 guns, that 
had been taken by De Salvert's squadron three weeks before, east 
of Newfoimdland. Captain Richardson brought her into Louisbourg 

110 Genealogical Research' in England [April 

on the 3d. She was the ship that was off Lonisbourg on Saturday, 
Aug. 31, and had a cargo of rice, pitch, and tea. From her it was 
learned that the Renommee had returned to Brest and sailed again 
with De Salvert's squadron on July 6. The sloop Union, Captain 
Mayhew, was in Louisbourg Harbor on Sept. 3. 

Captain Spry returned to Louisbourg Sept. 4, and a sloop and 
schooner sailed to cruise ofif Scatarie. The Resolution, Captain Rich- 
ardson, was ordered to Annapolis on the 4th, and probably sailed 
on the 5th. She carried despatches in regard to De Salvert's presence, 
and was to go from Annapolis to the Harbor of Grand Passage, 10 
leagues to the west of Annapolis, where she was t-o remain until 
Sept. 30, aU the whUe on the watch for the approach of the French 
fleet. If it appeared, a whaleboat was to be sent to Annapolis and the 
Resolution was to retiu-n immediately to Louisbourg. Captain Clark, 
on his way from Louisbourg to Boston, put into Canso Sept. 8. 

A schooner from Rhode Island arrived at Louisbourg Sept. 8, 
having sighted De Salvert's squadron of five topsail vessels and one 
small one oflf Cape Sable on the 4th. 

On Sept. 9 the Tartar, Captain Fones, arrived from Newfoundland, 
and Captain Miles came in from Connecticut. 

The Boston Packet was sent on the 10th to Cape Sable, to look for 
the French fleet, and returned Sept. 25. A vessel arrived from 
Beaubassin in the Gut of Canso on the 13th, and Colonel Gorham 
sailed for Beaubassin the next day. 

Capt. Aaron Bull sailed from Louisboiu-g for Connecticut on the 
19th. Captain Sanford sailed for New York on the 22d, and on the 
23d Captain Bingham arrived in a sloop from New Lbndon and a 
brig arrived from New York. Colonel Gorham returned from the 
Bay of Vert on the 24th. 

The Shirley, Captain Rous, arrived from England on the 24th, after a 
voyage of four weeks-. She fired fifteen gims, and the Superb answered 
with thirteen guns. At 3 P.M. Commodore Warren raised his flag as 
Rear Admiral of the Blue, amidst the salutes of the ships and forts. 

Several of the Colonial war vessels had already been discharged 
from service. The time of battles, of attacks, and of rich prizes had 
passed. The vessels stfll retained in service were thenceforth to have 
the dull lot "of an army of occupation. 


Communicated by the Committee on English Research 

[Continued from page 77] 

Haskett (conclitded) 

Contributed by G. Andrews Moriaett, Jr., A.M., LL.B., of Newport, R. 1. 

The Will of William Hukd the Elder of Kingsdon, co. Somerset, gentle- 
man, dated 14 April 1638. To be buried in the parish church or churchyard. 

1923] Genealogical Research in England 111 

To the church and poor of Kingsdon and the poor of Hchester and Mudf ord. 
Sundry servants and others named. My grandchild and godson Joseph 
Francklin. My daughter Judith Rawe. Thomas Rawe, her husband. 
Their children, my grandchildren. My goddaughter Judith Crane. Whereas 
my son-in-law William Haskett hath mortgaged unto me one messuage or 
tenement, -with appurtenances, lying in Henstridge, for the payment of 
£200, my will is that he shall pay to my son William Hurd three score and 
ten pounds or give sufficient security to him for the payment thereof and 
shall likewise give unto my executors the like sufficient security for dis- 
charging of my executors of a bond of £200 which I do stand bound unto 
Ellioc Haskett, father of the said William Haskett, that my executors shall 
dehver up unto the said WiUiam Haskett the said deed of mortgage and 
convey and assign over aU my grounds lying at Pryors Downe, with appur- 
tenances, according to the true intent and meaning of a grant and assign- 
ment heretofore made and drawn by Mr. Richard Kmg of Sherborne. £30 to 
be employed for the use and benefit of my grandchild Mary Haskett and my 
daughter Joane Haskett. The said Mary to marry with consent of her 
mother. My son George Hurd to behave himself as a dutiful and obedient 
son unto his mother. My daughter Hester Franklin. My son Thomas 
Hurd. My wife Joane Hurd. Proved 17 October 1638. (P. C. C, Lee, 129.) 
[This abstract has been adapted from the abstract of the will of William 
Hurd the Elder published in Register, vol. 53, p. 14, and reprinted in 
Waters's "Genealogical Gleanings in England," vol. 2, p. 1438.] 

The Will of Stephen HLiSKETT the Elder of MamhuU, co. Dorset, fuller* 
dated 24 May 1648. To be buried in the churchyard of the parish church 
of MarnhuU. To EUis Haskett, my son, 2s. To my son John a truckle 
bedstead and bed, one chest, one middling brass pan, one bell mettle pot 
which I bought of Nicholas Warren, and one pair of tucker's shears. To my 
grandchild James Yoimg 5s. By two several indentures of lease I am now 
possessed of a certain messuage, tenement, and curtilage, and of divers 
water mills, fuUing mills, and grist mills in MarnhuU, Todber, and Fifehed 
Magdalen. The same to my mfe Elizabeth for Ufe, then to my son Stephen 
for life, and remainder to my daughter EHzabeth Young, as promised her 
in part of her marriage portion. To my son Stephen [other property, includ- 
ing] my racks and aU other tools belonging to my fuller's trade. My wife 
Elizabeth to be my whole executrix. Overseers: my two friends Osmond 
Ploant and John Snooke. Witnesses: Elizabeth Haskett of Todber, widow, 
and others. Proved 27 February 1653 [?1653/4]. (P. C. C., Alchin, 320.) 
[This abstract has been adapted from the abstract of the wiU of Stephen 
Haskett the Elder published in Register, vol. 53, pp. 14r-15, and reprinted 
in Waters's "Genealogical Gleanings in England," vol. 2, pp. 1438-1439.] 

The Will of Elias Haskett of Henstridge Marsh, co. Somerset, yeoman, 
dated 13 February 1696 [1696/7]. To my kinswoman Mary Hoddinott 
£20. To the wife of Richard Shaue, late deceased, and her father-in-law 
Richard Shaue the Elder, now U\'ing, and the children of the said Richard 
Shaue, deceased, £20, to be equally divided between them. To William 
Heddeech, shoemaker, £20, and to his child that is now H%Tng with him £20. 
To Henry, Robert, Dorothy, and Anne Heddeech, brothers and sisters of 
the said William, £20, to be divided betwixt them. To my wife's kinsman 
Thomas Acstens [? Arstens] £10, and to his children £10, and £10 also to 
John and George Acstens, brothers of the said Thomas. To William Duffett's 
wife of Stalbridge Side Hill, Ijing in Henstridge against South Mead, and 
to his five children £100. To Anne Frampton and her child £5. To my 
wife's nephew Nicholas Buggis my now dwelling house, with appurtenances, 
and my two home closes called Greene Close and ISIarsh Close. But if he 

112 Genealogical Research in England [April 

die without issue, then it shall come to Elias Duffett, second son of the said 
William Duffett, and his heirs for ever. To John Calpen, son of William 
Calpen, late of Stalbridge, deceased, £10, and to William Calpen, brother of 
the said John, £50, at one and twenty. [Conditional bequests to Mary and 
Hannah, two sisters of Nicholas Buggis.] To EUas Haskett, son of Ehas 
Haskett the baker, my close of arrable and pasture land in Henstridge called 
Hurleoake, and when he shall be possessed of the said close he shall pay to 
his brother and to his sisters Mary and Sarah £5 apiece and to his sister 
Susanna Hobbs, widow, £15. To WiUiam Loden's wife of Sherborne Castle 
Town, button-maker, £5. If Richard Calpen, my kinsman, should come 
to be in want, the said EUas Duffett shall pay him 20s. a year for his natural 
life. [Other bequests.] Executrix: my wife Mary. Proved 12 May 1698, 
commission being issued to Mary Crumsey, wife of Lewis Crumsey, "nepti 
semel remotae prox. consanguin" [i.e., grandniece and next of kin], Mary 
Haskett the relict having died before taking the burden of the execution, 
(P. C. C, Lort, 60.) [This abstract has been adapted from the abstract of the 
wUl of Elias Haskett published in Register, vol. 53, p. 15, and reprinted in 
Waters's "Genealogical Gleanings ia England," vol. 2, p. 1439.] 

From Processes and Decrees in the Court of Delegates ^ 

[Various relatives of Elias Haskett of Henstridge Marsh, co. Somerset, yeoman, 
the testator of 13 February 1696 [1696/7], an abstract of whose will is given 
above, claimed the administration cum testamento annexo on his estate; and 
their claims were brought finally before the Court of Delegates, which, after 
considering numerous depositions, granted the administration to Elias Haskett, 
son of Stephen Haskett of Salem, Mass., deceased, and nephew of the testator. 

The Court of Delegates was originally a court of appeal from the Prerogative 
Courts of Canterbury and York and the Irish probate courts. Appeals also could 
be taken from the various diocesan courts to the Court of Arches and thence to 
the Court of Delegates. This court was called the Court of Delegates, because 
the judges were delegated for each particular case, the delegates being generally 
three puisne judges, one from each court of common law, and three or more 
civilians. Occasionally, however, certain specified spiritual and temporal peers 
were included in the Court. The Court of Delegates was abolished in 1832, when 
the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council was established. The processes in 
the Court of Delegates are preserved in the PubHc Record OfiBce, London; the 
decrees and wills are in Somerset House, London. Some of the wills are entered 
also in the registers of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury or were originally 
proved in local courts. Cf. The Genealogist, New Series, vol. 11, p. 165, intro- 
duction to an article entitled "Wills and Administrations in the Court of Dele- 
gates. " — Editor.] 

Hasket v. Crumsey 

20 April 1697. Request for administration cum testamento annexo on the 
estate of Elias Hasket, late of Henstridge [co. Somerset], deceased, by EKas 
and Stephen Haskett, cousins once removed ("consobrinos in gradu semel 
remoto") and next of kin to the deceased, Richard Gaulpin, cousin and 

next of kin, and Dorothy Hedich, sister of Hasket, deceased, relict 

and executrix of the wiU of said Elias. 

Elias and Stephen Haskett allege that EUas, the testator, died in February, 
leaving as executrix his widow, who died before proving the wiU; and they 
seek the administration as next of Mn. 

Richard Gaulpin claims to be next of kin and cousin ("consobrinum") 
of the deceased. 

Mary Crumsey, wife of Lewis, alleges that she is grandniece ("neptem 
semel remotam") of the deceased, being the child of Mary Haskett alias 
Hoddinot, who was the child of WilUam Hasket, the elder brother of the 

Dorothy Hedditch alleges that she was the full sister of Haskett, 

1923] Genealogical Researdi in England 113 

relict and executrix of the deceased and now herself deceased. (Processes 
in the Court of Delegates, vol. 269, no. 630.) 

24 October 1697 [after various adjournments and pleadings]. Elias and 

Stephen Basket appear as above, and also Richard Gaulpin, cousin once 

removed ("consobrinum semel remotum"), and Mary Crumsey, Richard 

Sheane, and- Mary Bumet, grandnieces and grandnephew ("neptes et 

nepotem semel remotos") of said deceased also appear. {lb.) 

Depositions for Richard Gaulpin. 

Egidius HaUett of Bowdon in Henstridge, where he has lived since infancy, 

aged 80 years, deposes that he has well loiown EUas Hasket for thirty years 

and more, but Stephen Hasket and Mary Crumsey and Dorothy Hedditch 

he did not know. He well knew William Stibbs, who died at Bowdon and 

was his neighbor. This WiUiam had five daughters, Elinor, Susanna, Ann, 

Margaret, and Edith Stibbs. He well knew Elias Hasket, father of Elias 

Hasket deceased, who was married to Ellinor Stibbs, and Elias Hasket the 

testator, whose estate is in issue, was the son of the said Elias Hasket and 

Elinor Stibbs alias Haskettj his wife. The testator was bom in Henstridge. 

; The sister of Elinor Stibbs, Ann Stibbs, married Thomas Gaulpin and had 

j seven sons, the yoimgest of whom is Richard Gaulpin, a party to this suit. 

i Sworn 16 September 1697. 

i Thomas Clarke of Yenston in Henstridge, where he has lived from infancy, 

i ■ husbandman, aged 77 years, deposes that he knew Elias Hasket but not 

I Crumsey, Stephen Hasket, or Hodditch. He was a neighbor of William 

I Stibbs, and knew his daughters Elinor and Ann. EUnor married Elias 

I Haskett the Elder, father of Elias Hasket the testator. Ann married Thomas 

I , Gaulpin, and they were always taken for man and wife in Henstridge. They 

I had several children, among them Richard. Sworn 16 September 1697. 

I WiUiam Rideout of Yenston in Henstridge, where he has lived since 

I infancy, aged 60 years, deposes that he has known Elias Hasket and Stephen 

j Hasket for twelve years, but does not know Crumsey or Hedditch. He was 

a neighbor of Elinor Hasket alias Stibbs and of Elias Hasket, Jr., whose 
i estate is in litigation. Elinor was widow of Elias Hasket, Sr., the father of 

t Elias Hasket, Jr., deceased, the testator. He deposes as the others as to the 

: relationship of Gaulpin and Hasket. {lb.) 

> Depositions, ordered 5 October 1697, in behalf of Mary Crumsey, to prove 

\ that she is the lawful niece once removed [i.e., grandniece], on the brother's 

side, of the testator, namely, that she is the daughter of William Hoddinott, 

deceased, by Mary Haskett, deceased, his wife, daughter of WiUiam Hasket, 

the elder brother of Elias Hasket the testator: 

Mary Morgan, wife of Luodovic Morgan of Stalbridge [co. Dorset], 
where she has lived since her birth, aged 57 years, deposes that she has 
known Mary Crumsey from childhood, and watched with her mother, 
Mary Hoddinott, in her childbirth with Mary Crumsey. The said Mary 
Hoddinott, mother of Mary Crumsey, was daughter of William Heskott. 
She has known Mary Cnunsey for about thirty-five years. She believes 
that she lives in London. Her father and mother were William and Mary 
Hoddinott, and she was born in Stalbridge in the house of one Taunton, in 
the posesssion of John Lyte. She knew her grandfather, William Hoddinot, 
; who lived in Stalbridge. Her grandfather on the mother's side was WiUiam 

; Hasket, but she does not know where he lived. 

■ Ann WiUowby of Stalbridge [co. Dorset], where she has Uved thirty-seven 

j years, deposes that she has known Mary Crumsey from chUdhood. WiUiam 

Haskett, her grandfather, was the elder brother of Elias Hasket the testator. 

Mary Cnunsey Uves in London, and was born in Stalbridge in the house of 

John Lyte. Sworn 9 November 1697. 

114 Genealogical Research in England [April 

William Webb of Henstridge [co. Somerset], where he has lived sixty years, 
weaver, aged 75 years, deposes in like mamier, and [testifies] that Mary 
Crumsey now Hves in London, and that Elias the testator was son of Elias 
and Ehiior Hasket of Henstridge, where the said testator was bom and 
always lived. Mary Cnmasey's grandfather and grandmother on the mother's 
side were William Haskett and Mary his wife. Her great-grandfather on 
the mother's side was Elias Hasket the Elder. 

Thomas Kensington of Henstridge [co. Somerset], where he has lived since 
birth, yeoman, aged 66 years, deposes that Mary Crmnsey lives near the 
printing house in Blackfriars, London. He testifies the same as the others. 

Aima Toogood of Henstridge [co. Somerset], where she has lived since 
birth, aged 80 years, deposes that she has known Mary Crumsey from 
childhood. She lives in London. She knew the father of EUas Hasket the 
testator, but she has forgotten her [sic, his] Christian name, but his mother's 
name was Elinor. They lived at Henstridge in the house of one Mr. Rogers, 
where Elias was bom. William Hasket, the grandfather of Mary Crumsey, 
lived in the parish of Henstridge, where the mother of Mary Crumsey was 
married. She also knew his wife, her grandmother, but has forgotten her 
name. (lb.) 

4 June 1698. Deposition of William Hedditch of Gillingham, co. Dorset, 
shoemaker, aged about 30 years. He weU knew Elias Hasket, deceased, who 
was a husbandman and kept stock. Upon his death Elias and Stephen 
Hasket, two of the parties to the suit, came upon the land and drove away 
six cows; and they attempted to take the goods from the house and did take 
some. [Order issued for an inventory of such goods.] (76.) 

Inventory of the goods of EUas Hasket, husbandman, deceased, including 
goods in the possession of Elias Hasket the Elder and Stephen Hasket of 
Henstridge, made 29 May 1697, £766. 6s. 6d. (76.) 

10 December 1697 [sic, ? 1698]. Petition of Elias Hasket, presenting his 
claim for administration on the estate of the testator as next of kin, being 
the child of Stephen Hasket, brother of Elias Hasket, Sr., deceased. Some 
of petitioner's witnesses are dead, and others are beyond seas and cannot 
be brought into Court. (76.) 

Answers of Mary Crumsey, wife of Lewis Crumsey and great-niece and 
next of kin and administratrix of the goods of Elias Hasket, deceased, made 
to pretended articles of interrogation against her on behalf of Elias Hasket: 
She does not beheve Elias Hasket to be of any kin to the deceased Ehas 
Hasket, save that she hath heard that the late Elias Hasket had a brother 
named Stephen. Sworn 25 Febmary 1698 [1698/9]. (Court of Delegates, 
Examination of Witnesses, vol. 23, 1694-1711.) 

Answers of Ehas Hasket to IMary Cnunsey's interrogatories: He believes 
that Elias Hasket, this respondent's uncle, did Uve in Henstridge and died 
about 14 February 1696 [1696/7], leading a wife Mary, who died a few daj^s 
later and before the proving of the will of Elias Hasket; that some persons 
have pretended that he made a will and made his wife executrix, and that 
she died before she took execution. Suits thereupon arose and were carried 
on between several persons who pretend to be the next of kin to the said 
EUas. So proceedings were had in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury and 
were transmitted to this Court; but he does not beUeve that the pretended 
will was a tme will or that Elias Hasket was of sound mind. The said EUas 
Hasket left no child nor any father or mother, brother or sister. The respond- 
ent is the son of Stephen Hasket, deceased brother of the said EUas. This 
Stephen was apprenticed to a soap boiler in Exeter, and, after his time was 
out, he did intermarry with one EUzabeth Hill of the said city and had by 
her a child, EUzabeth. Afterwards the said Stephen, meeting some crosses 

1923] Genealogical Research in England 115 

in the world, went beyond seas to a town or place called Salem, in New 
England; and, after he had been there some time, he sent for his wife to 
come over to hiTn and bring their child. She then went over, and there said 
Stephen lived with his wife for several years and had several children, namely, 
this respondent and four sisters, Mary, Sarah, Hannah, and Martha, together 
with Elizabeth, the first child, who are stiU living; and, when the defendant 
grew up, he went to Barbadoes, and there married EUzabeth Rich, and 
there settled with her and his family, and did and does trade in shipping and 
merchandise, and in 1696 he came from Barbadoes in the ship New London, 
whereof he was master, to London, and on or about 28 September 1696 he , 
arrived at Plymouth, and on 28 October at London. He unloaded, and 
staid in and about London until the end of the following May, and in May 
1697, about the 24th of the month, he left London and went on board the 
Sheerness galley. Captain Bolles, commander, for Barbadoes, and, having 
touched at Ireland and Madeira, arrived in Barbadoes the latter end of 
August 1697. He continued there until the month of September 1698. 
Although in England, he did not hear of his uncle's death, and, while in 
England, he wrote several letters to Mr. John EUery of Exeter, merchant, 
desiring of him an accoimt of his said imcle, Elias Hasket, but could not 
and did not receive any answer thereto, the said EUery being, as he has 
since learned, then beyond the seas; and he never gave any order to any 
proctor to appear for his interest until he came to England in November 
last, in order to prosecute this appeal. Nor did he know of any proceeding 
brought in the Prerogative Court about his uncle's estate until he received 
notice from one Mr. Dan about September 1698. Sworn 20 May 1699. (76.) 
Administration with will annexed on the estate of Ehas Hasket, late of 
Henstridge, deceased, was granted, 14 August 1699, to Elias Hasket, nephew 
on the brother's side and next of Idn. (Decrees of the Court of Delegates, 
lib. 4, fo. 48.) 

From Chancert Proceedings* 

10 February 1617 [1617/18]. To Sir Francis Bacon, Lord Chancellor. 

William Haskett and wife Margaret and Ralph Hughson and wife 
Elizabeth, Margaret and Elizabeth being daughters of John Hellier, com- 
plain that said John Hellier, being seised of a capital messuage and lands 
in Maperton, Somerset, called the manor of Hatherley, of the yearly value 
of 100 marks, of goods, etc., to the value of £1800, and of leases, etc., of great 
value, and having only one son, above 50 and not disposed to marry, provided 
him with a rent of £40 a year. Plaintiffs and also William Mogge and his 
wife Dorothy, the third daughter, had several children. HeUier about three 
years ago decided to settle the above manor on his three sons-in-law and 
their wives, with remainder to their children, reserving to himself a life interest 
in the same. He promised also to lend the plaintiffs money for the purchase 
of land, to give £20 a year to each of H^skett's seven children, and to have 
his personal estate equally divided between his daughters and their children 
after his death. Haskett accordingly bought land to the value of £600, and, 
as Hellier could not fulfil his promise for help on account of disbursements 
made for Mogge, Haskett was obliged to sell some of his own living, worth 
£60 a year, for five years, to be redeemed by payment of £240. HelSer then 
promised help both for the above purchase and in payment of a debt of 
£40 which Haskett owned to one Rogers. None of these promises has been 
fulfilled; and the plaintiff Hughson, who married on the understanding that 
the third of the manor would be settled on him, has received no marriage 
portion with his wife. William Mogge and Dorothy, imder the influence of 
Richard Mogge, who has been bailiff and deputy to the under sheriff of the 

•Preserved in the Public Record Office, London. 

116 Genealogical Research in England [April 

county, have got possession of the deed of enfeoffment made by Hellier and 
of alf other deeds relating to the manor, and declare that the plaintiffs have 
no right to the property on account of defects in the deed of enfeoffment and 
that Hellier has it in his power to settle it aU on themselves and their children. 
They liave also induced HeUier, who is aged and almost imbecile, to hve with 
them, and have persuaded him to make them secret grants of the manor 
and to give them his money and personal estate. The plaintiffs pray that 
the defendants may be compelled to produce the deeds ia Chancery, etc. 

The King's writ, 14 February, 15 James I [1617/18], appoints commissioners 
to visit and examine Hellier and the other defendants, if they are not able 
to appear in court. 

Answer of John Helltak, William Mogg, and his wife Dorothj', three 
of the defendants, to the above bill of complaint. 

John Hellyar acknowledges the truth of the plaintiffs' statement as to his 
property, etc. His three daughters were married about nineteen or twenty 
years ago, and, his son, aged 50, infirm of constitution and unmarried, being 
provided for by some copyhold livings worth about £30 a year, he had a 
secret desire to settle the manor upon his grandson, the son of WUliam Mogge 
and Dorothy. The marriages with Hasket and Hughson had been against 
his UMng, and Hasket had committed some foUy with the said Margaret 
before their marriage. Haskett, "being a man long and weU experienced in 
Contencyouse and litigious courses," came three years ago to Hellier and 
urged hiim to settle £40 a year on his son and the manor on the three sons- 
in-law and their wives and children. Hellyer answered that he meant to 
settle the property on one only, meaning Mogge's son, but Haskett assured 
him that he was bound in law to divide it between the three. Finally Haskett 
was allowed to draw up a deed, by which the manor was settled according 
to his proposal, Hellier to hold for fife, and the thirds of Mogge and Hughson 
to remain to Haskett's children. The deed was ingrossed in four parts, one 
being left with Hellier and the other three given to the sons-in-law. After- 
wardfe Elizabeth Hughson, pretending to come at the request of her brother, 
the younger John HeUier, obtained the conveyance [several words illegible] 
from her father, who, being assured by Haskett that he had now only a life 
interest in the property, took counsel's advice thereon. Being assured that 
it was still in his power to dispose of the manor, etc., as he chose, he deter- 
mined to make a settlement on William Mogge, his wife, and son. He 
granted the property last December to Riclmrd Mogge, another of the 
defendants, and John Sainton, to hold to the use of himself for life and 
after his death to the, use of William Mogge, etc. He charges the plaintiffs 
with disobedient and undutiful conduct towards himself, and says that 
Haskett before his marriage with Margaret "wrested" £100 from him, 
afterwards suing him at the assizes in Somerset for a further portion. The 
dispute was referred to the arbitration of a Mr. Swanton, who ad^dsed 
defendant to give Haskett £30, which he did. Haskett has also had £10 from 
him and the daughters £20, "besides other valuable good tumes and Cur- 
tesies." Defendant has given to his daughter Elizabeth and two of her 
children a copyhold tenement worth £6 a year, though she married Hughson 
secretly, against his wiU. Hughson has also had £200 from him since the 

William Mogge says that until seven years ago he had no settled portion 
with his wife, above a sum of £50, but since that time they have been well 
provided for by Hellyar. The settlement of the manor on them was made 
by advice of learned counsel to frustrate Haskett's designs. About twelve 
months ago Mogge bought, at Hellyar's wish, a tenement at Wincalnton, 
Somerset, and HeUyar afterwards left his dwelling at Horsington to hve with 
them there. John Hellyar is not possessed of goods and chattels to the value 

1923] Genealogical Research in England 117 

of £1800, nor have the plaintiffs, WilUam and Ralph, rendered him such 
services as they profess to have rendered, etc. (Chancery Proceedings, 
James I, H. 2/70.) 

[Undated.] Replication of William Hasket and -wife Margaret and 
Ralph HuGHSONand wife Elizabeth to the answer of John Hellier the Elder, 
William Mogge, and his wife Dorothy. 

The defendant John Hellyer, having provided for his son, promised to 

alter the lease of certain grounds in Marsh Court to James Hasket, the 

plaintiff's son, for his life, in lieu of the life and name of Mr. James Hanam, 

and declared his intention to settle the lands, etc., mentioned in the bill of 

answer among his three daughters and their heirs. When he came to deliver 

? seisin of the deeds of conveyance drawn up to this effect, he was dissuaded 

j by one Robert Dore, acting as the instrument of the defendant Mogges and 

his wife, who wished to secure the lands for themselves. The plaintiff Haskett 

had received only a small portion in marriage, had many children, and had 

left his own trade and devoted himseff to the care of John Hellyer's estate. 

John Hellyer promised to pay £100 of a lease which Haskett bought for 

£300, and to provide him with cattle and household stuff. This he failed to 

do, and Haskett began the suit [torn] which was ended by mediation, Hellyer 

! paying £30 besides the £100, and Haskett traveUing for him in his affairs. 

; Hellyer's wife died about three years ago, leaving much wealth, which came 

i to the defendant [torn] and in which plaintiffs had no share. Hellyer himself 

i had cattle, furniture, plate, etc., besides chattels, leases, etc., to the value 

i of £700, which Mogges and his wife have gotten, besides the profits of 

j Hellyer's lands, which amount to £140 a year. Hellyer, now old and weak 

I and almost past sense, is completely under the influence of Mogge and his 

j wife, who will not aUow the plaintiffs to see him. They have induced him 

I to make another deed of conveyance of the lands. Plaintiffs deny that they 

f married their wives against Hellyer's wish and that Hellyer proposed to 

I settle the lands upon William Mogge's son. Mogge told Hughson that he 

I should keep him out of the land, but would give him £200. John Hellyer 

' the Younger sent to the plaintiff, EUzabeth, his sister, to get the deed of 

I annuity for him; but Mogge and his wife had taken it away with the intent 

\ of defrauding the said John Hellyer the Younger. As to the making of a 

I new feoffment to the defendants, Richard Mogge and John Bainton, the 

■' plaintiffs say that John HeUyer has forfeited his estate for life reserved to 

> him by the former conveyance, as they are entitled to enter on the lands and 

,; expel him. The £50 which Mogge had to his marriage portion was more 

than he deserved. Haskett's Uving was ten times the value of Mogge's, and 

he had only £130. Mogge and his wife in seven years had gotten away 

£2000 at least from Hellyer. (Chancery Proceedings, James I, H. 120/111.) 

26 May, 3 Charles I [1627]. To Lord Coventry [Lord Keeper, 1625-1640]. 
The complaint of Elize Haskett the Younger of Henstridge [co. Somer- 
set], yeoman, shows that, having occasion to borrow money of a money 
lender, he borrowed £8, and became bound, by two bills dated on or about 
24 Jime 1622, in a penalty of £16 to George Bingham. When the bills came 
due, he could not pay them; and Bingham agreed to continue the loan and 
; thereafter agreed to take so much butter and cheese in payment as should 

amoimt to £8, and he has acknowledged the receipt thereof and promised 
to give the orator the several biUs to cancel; but now he refuses to make 
; deUvery of the said goods in payment, and seeks to sue the orator at the 

: conunon law. Wherefore the orator prays that he be compelled to dehver 

: the said bills up for cancellation. 

I The answer of George Bingham. He denies the loan or that he is a money 

I lender. The complainant was bound by several biUs in the sum of £16, to 

118 Genealogical Research in England [April 

be repaid at the rate of £4 a year at the Feasts of the Annunciation of the 
BlesSed Virgin Mary* and the Nativity of St. John the Baptist.f He denies 
the complainant's allegation regarding there being any request for extension 
and that he agreed to receive butter and cheese in payment or to deliver the 
bonds. (Chancery Proceedings, Charles I, C 2, H. 86/33.) 

To Lord Coventry [Lord Keeper, 1625-1640]. 

The complaint of Ellis Basket of Yenston in the parish of Henstridge 
[co. Somerset], gentleman, shows that in or about the month of March, 
7 Charles [1631/2], the orator became bound to Edward Lovel of Henstridge, 
yeoman, for the penal sum of £60, to secure the repayment of £30. Shortly 
. afterwards, in March, 8 Charles [1632], the orator demised to Edward LoveU 
several closes of meadow and pasture, about forty acres, called West Leasures, 
a parcel of a tenement called Brynes in Yenston, for two years, imder a 
yearly rent of fourscore pounds. At the same time he demised to Edward 
LoveU another close, called Meade Close, of six acres, at a yearly rent of 
£4.10s., and about March, 11 Charles [1635/6], he agreed with Lovell that 
he should by deed indentured make a lease to Edward LoveU and Thomas 
JoUiffe, gentleman, for five years next ensuing, should he, the orator, Uve 
so long, of several closes of land, meadow, and pasture, caUed West Grounds, 
belonging to Brynes tenement aforesaid in the west side of Yenston, in the 
occupation and tenure of the orator, and Edward LoveU was to accept the 
same in discharge of the bond for £60 and to deUver the same to the orator 
to be canceUed. The orator made the lease; but LoveU refuses to surrender 
the bond, and is suing the orator at common law. He prays reUef . 

1 July 1637. The answer of Edwaed Lovell shows that the complainant 
became bound by a bond, dated 15 March, 7 Charles [1631/2], to pay 
£36.14s. at the defendant's house. The complainant did grant to the defend- 
ant the closes of West Leases and Meade Close. The defendant became bound 
for debts of the complainant, namely, to one WiUiam Ridet of Henstridge 

for £12, to secure the payment of £6, to Jone Hobbes, widow of , for 

£20, to secure the payment of £10, and to John Everes of Henstridge for 
£20, to secure the payment of £10. For the discharge of the defendant from 
the bonds the complainant did, about February, 11 Charles [1635/6], demise 
as stated to Lovell and JoUiff, to take its beginning at the Feast of the 
Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary* next after the grant. The defend- 
ant denies, however, that he has taken the rents and profits, but beUeves 
Joliffe does, and the defendant is not discharged of his obUgation in the 
several debts, nor was it intended so to discharge him out of the profits of 
the land. The complainant has not paid the £30. 14s. according to the bond. 
Therefore the defendant has put the bond in the conamon law to recover his 
money and denies any agreement to cancel the same. (Chancery Proceedings, 
Charles I, H. 95/43.) 

2 July 1639. The complaint of Ellis Haskett the Elder of Yenston, 
parish of Henstridge, co. Somerset, gentleman, and Ellis Haskett and 
WUUam Haskett, his sons, shows that thej'- purchased two copyhold ten- 
ements within the manor of Yenston for the term of their lives successively. 
So being seised, EUis Haskett the father became indebted for money borrowed 
of divers persons, i.e., Thomas WiUes of Sherborne, co. Dorset, mercer, 
£17. 10s., WiUiam RyaU of Yenston, yeoman, £30, Edmond LoveU of 
Yenston, husbandman, £30, John Grove of Yenston, husbandman, £10, 
one LoveU of Yenston, widow, £16, and Thomas Rolt of Temple Combe, 
CO. Somerset, gentleman, £12, in all amounting to £115, for which his said 
sons, ElUs and WilUam, were bound as sureties with their father. So being 

*The Feast of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary falls on 25 March. 
tThe Feast of the Nativity of St. John the Baptist falls on 24 June. 

1923] Genealogical Research in England 119 

indebted, Ellis Haskett the father, at the suit of Thomas Rolt, steward to 
Sir John Jacob, Knight, owner of the manor of Yenston, about June, 14 
Charles I [1638], was arrested in Marlborough, co. Wilts, and was detained 
in prison there two months and more, although he offered to pay said Rolt 
the £12 owing him; but Rolt pretended that he owed him £200 and had 
forfeited an obligation of £400 for nonpayment thereof, which was untrue. 
To pay his debts and procure his enlargement from prison, complainants 
sold a close of meadow called Common Close, two closes of meadow and 
pasture called Sawyers, and three acres of meadow in the common meadow, 
being in all twenty-two acres, worth about £17 a year; and the money for 
the same, being £250, was paid into Thomas Rolfs hands, who divided the 
same among the creditors and refused to pay the overplus to the complainants, 
the said debts not coming to more than £135. Therefore they desire that 
Thomas Rolt and the aforesaid creditors may have v,Tits of subpoena directed 
j to them to appear and answer, etc. 

; The answer of Wiluaji Riall, defendant, taken at Wincalton, co. Som- 

erset, 5 October, 15 Charles I [1639]. He says that Ellis Haskett, Senr. 
and Junr., owed him £80, and Ellis Haskett, Senr., owed Thomas Rolt £12, 
the latter of whom caused Haskett to be imprisoned, during which imprison- 
ment defendant charged the said Haskett with his account. As to the lands 
sold, he denies that they were of the yearly value of £17, but of about £12. 
He has received from Thomas Rolt only £30, in part payment of the money 
due to him, and he has lately sued out process for the residue due to him. 

The answer of Thomas Rolt, gentleman, taken at Shafton, co. Dorset, 
5 October 1639. He beUeves that the complainants purchased two copyhold 
tenements, as alleged, but at the time of the debt he was and yet is an officer, 
not steward, to Sir John Jacob, Knight. It is true that he caused the com- 
plainant, Ellis Haskett the father, to be imprisoned for debt, but he denies 
that he pretended that he owed him £200. He says that the lands were 
sold, as alleged in the bill of complaint, and that the said Haskett gave 
him a note of hand dated 22 July 1638, authorizing him to receive all sums 
of money due for the same sale. He says that he only received £157 and 
I no more, and that he paid all the debts due and £16. 18s. for expenses 

i" incurred by said Haskett's imprisonment, as by a note delivered to him 

I by Samuel Young, sergeant of the Corporation of IVIarlborough, dated 

\ 23 July 1638, ready to be produced; and that he has given the overplus of 

> £5. 5s. lid. to said Haskett, and has delivered up the bonds for the said 

i debts to said Haskett or his wife. He denies that he is guilty of harsh conduct 

{ or keeping back money, etc., and he desires to be dismissed with his reason- 

•: able costs. (Chancery Proceedings, Charles I, H. 77/71.) 

i 27 May 1647. The complaint of Ellis Haskett the Elder of Enson alias 

Endiston in the parish of Henstridge, co. Somerset, yeoman, shows that 

about fifteen years ago he purchased an estate for his own life and the Uves 

of his two sons, William and EUis Haskett, of and in a copyhold tenement, 

with the appurtenances, in Enson aforesaid, within the manor of Henstridge, 

called Brynes tenement or the West Living, being of the yearly value of 

£16, to hold to him and his said sons for the term of their lives, according 

to the custom of the manor; and, having been admitted, had he died, his 

widow would have enjo3'ed the same during her widowhood. About ten 

•; years ago William Haskett the Younger, aforesaid, intreated the complainant 

i and made use of his friends to persuade him to surrender the said tenement 

i to the use of the said William and such wife as he should marry, barring 

; such widow as complainant should leave, and it was agreed that immediately 

! after such surrender the said William should pay complainant an annuity 

j of £10 a year, and, in sure confidence of this agreement being carried out, 

120 Genealogical Research in England [April 

complainant at the Court Baron held at Henstridge, 31 July 1638, siurendered 
the same to the use of the said William and such widow as he left after his 
death. The said William has by his marriage obtained a great portion; but, 
although complainant has carried out his side of the agreement and has 
barred his wife from her widow's estate, the said William refuses to pay the 
said annuity, so that complainant is much impoverished now, but is Uke to 
perish for want of payment if WiUiam dies before him, and in his old age 
is like to come to great want. As some witnesses to the said agreement are 
dead and some gone beyond the seas, complainant is deprived of their 
testimony, and the said William takes advantage thereof to refuse to pay 
or give security for doing so. Therefore complainant begs that a writ of 
subpoena may be directed to said William, causing him to appear, etc. 

The answer of William Haskett to the bill of complaint of his father, 
Ellis Haskett, taken at Sturminster, co. Dorset, 11 October, 23 Charles I 

He believes that about fifteen years ago an estate of a copyhold tenement 
and lands in Enson, parish of Henstridge, co. Somerset, called Brynes 
Tenement or the West Lyving, of the yearly value of £16, was made by 
copy of court roU to complainant, EUis Haskett, and to defendant and EUis 
Haskett the Younger, for their lives successively; but the money for the 
same was not paid by complainant but by the friends of Christian, the 
defendant's late mother, as part of her portion, as eighteen or twenty years 
before the granting of this estate an estate of the same tenement and lands 
"was granted to complainant and Christian and EUis Haskett the Younger, 
for their lives successively, and the fine for the same was paid out of the 
marriage portion of this defendant's mother, formerly left in her friends' 
hands for her benefit and disposal, and out of her love for him she, in her 
lifetime, surrendered up her right and interest for life in the said tenement 
to him, the defendant. About ten years ago the complainant was imprisoned 
for debt at Marlborough, and, being in want of money, persuaded the defend- 
ant and ElHs the Younger to join with him in surrendering a moiety of 
the said tenement, and offered to surrender his interest therein for life in 
the other moiety to the use of the defendant. And upon this consideration 
only was the surrender made. Since the surrender aforesaid the defendant 
has enjoyed the said moiety, and intends in time to come so to hold the 
same for himself and wife and family, according to the aforesaid agreement, 
without paying the sum of £10 a year during complainant's life. He denies 
making any such promise, and says that the moiety of the said tenement 
was sold to others and the money employed for payment of complainant's 
debts and enlargement from prison. As to such wife as the defendant now 
hath, he did not obtain her by reason of his estate in the said copyhold 
tenement but by God's goodness and her love and affection for him. tVlule 
defendant was suitor to his wife and in service with a master and for seven 
years after the surrender, complainant kept the profits of defendant's moiety 
to his own use; and since his marriage defendant has taken the profits to 
his own use, as he ought to do for the maintenance of himself, his wife, and 
children. Complainant has £20 a year copyhold lands, and received £200 
with his now wife, and therefore will not be destitute, as he pretends. Defend- 
ant desires to be dismissed with his reasonable costs. (Chancery Proceedings, 
Charles I, H. 29/65.) [A brief abstract of this case was published in Register, 
vol. 53, p. 16, and reprinted in Waters's " Genealogical Gleanings in England," 
vol. 2, p. 1440.] 

12 May [?] 1662. To Lord Clarendon. 

The complaint of Ellis Haskett the Elder of Yenston in Henstridge 
[co. Somerset], yeoman, shows that about twenty years ago [i.e., about 1642] 

1923] Genealogical Research in England 121 • 

he had occasion to borrow, and repaired to William Haskett the Younger 
of Yenston aforesaid, yeoman, and became bound to William in a bond of 
£10, payable in six months from the date of the obligation, which time is 
now long past. When the time for payment came, the orator could not 
pay, and it was continued by the consent of William Haskett. Said bond 
was continued thus for eight or nine years, after which said William impor- 
tuned the orator for his money, which the orator could not then pay. The 
defendant then sued the orator and recovered judgment. The orator then 
paid the same, with interest and costs, and defendant agreed to deUver the 
bond to the orator to be cancelled, and acknowledged full satisfaction; 
but he has failed to do so, and, "intending imjustly to extort divers sums of 
money from the orator doth give out speeches that he was not satisfied" 
I of the said principal, interest, or costs; and, combining with persons unknown 

; to the orator, he is planning to recover on it. The orator cannot make proof 

at the conunon law, as his witnesses are since dead or gone to remote parts 
beyond the seas; and he prays rehef and a writ of subpcena, etc. [No answer 
attached.] (Chancery Proceedings before 1714, Collins, pt. 16, no. 585, 
Haskett v. Haskett.) 

i . 28 February 1682 [?1682/3]. To Lord Coventry. 

\ The complaint of William Haskett of Todber, co. Dorset, yeoman, 

i shows that his father was seised of copy or customary lands as tenant of 

I the manor of More in the said county. He surrendered them to the lo^d, 

■: and received them back to himself and his son John Hasket for a lease for 

I the life of the longest Uver of them. By the custom of the manor, on the 

i death of a tenant his wife had an estate for her life. The manor has been 

I dissolved, and the reversion of the said copyholds has come to William 

1 Byles of Fyfehead, NevHl, co. Dorset, gentleman, and to Ehzabeth Byles 

I of Phyfin Oakford in said county, widow, and they intend to deprive com- 

j plainant's wife of her estate to which she is entitled by the custom of the 

i dissolved manor. The complainant's witnesses to the said custom are dead 

i or old and feeble, and cannot travel to London or Weston. (Chancery Pro- 

j . ceedings before 1714, Reynardson, 413/185.) 

i 14 December 16Qi [sic, 1697]. The complaint of Dorotht Hedditch 

\ of GiUingham [co. Dorset], widow, administratrix of the estate of Mary 

. Haskett, her late sister, widow of EUas Haskett, late of Henstridge Marsh 

: [co. Somerset], yeoman, shows that the said Elias Haskett was seised in 

his demesne as of fee of lands to the value of £20 and goods and chattels 

in the form of ready money, household goods, mortgages, judgments, bonds, 

bills, securities, stock on lands, com, grass, hay, cattle, oxen, cows, sheep, 

. horses, wagons, carts, ploughs, tackling, chattel leases, etc., to the value of 

£700. Being so seised, he made his will, and disposed of the same to Mary, 

his then wife, and to his and her kindred and relatives, and the residue he 

gave to his wife. The wiU was dated 13 February, 9 King William [1696/7], 

and was as follows. [Here is set forth the will of EUas Haskett of Henstridge . 

Marsh, co. Somerset, yeoman, dated 13 February 1696 [1696/7], an abstract 

of which is given above, p. 111]. Soon after the maldng of the will he gave, 

in the presence of three witnesses, aU his undisposed property, in bonds, 

mortgages, securities, etc., which were in the house, to his wife Mary. She 

then stated that he had left no legacy to his basebom child, and he told 

her to amend according to her desires what he had not done and declared 

her to be the sole legatee of his property imdisposed of. He then died, on 

• or about 19 February 1696 [1696/7]. By reason of her affection for hm 
I Mary, his wife, sickened and died five daj's later, in the same house, in 
: possession of all his executory estate, intestate, before becoming executrix 

• of his will. Thereupon the orator took out administration on her estate 

122 Genealogical Research in England [April 

from Samuel Mews, Clerk, Prebend of Henstridge, in the Cathedral Church 
of Wells, on the 3d of March following, and incurred the funeral expenses of 
Elias Haskett and his wife; and, as by law Mary was possessed of the 
residue of Elias's property, she made an inventory of the chattels of EUas, 
and later, in June, "bona notabilia" of Elias appearing, she made a new 
inventory and had it filed in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, and 
took out another administration on her sister's estate, under the seal of 
that court, by virtue whereof she has enjoyed the executory estate of EUas. 
But now Elias Hasket, Stephen Hasket, EHas Hasket, Richard Gaulpin, 
Richard Sheene, Mary Crumsey, Luzde alias Lewis Crumsey, Mary the wife 

of Lewis alias Ludse Qrumsey, and Rogers, combining with persons 

• unknown to defeat the executory estate given to Mary, and giving out 
speeches that the said confederates or some of them are of the nearest kin 
and blood to EHas Hasket, and having gotten possession of the original will 
and much of the testator's estate, will obhge that administration cum iesta- 
mento annexe on the estate of Elias Hasket be given to some of them. Com- 
plainant prays for reUef and the funeral expenses. Some of the orator's 
witnesses are either dead or gone beyond seas; and she asks for a writ of 
subpoena against EUas Hasket, Stephen Hasket, Richard Gaulpin, Richard 
Sheene, Mary Crmnsey, Lewis alias Ludes Crumsey and Mary his wife, 

Rogers, and EUis Hasket. (Chancery Proceedings before 1714, 

Mtford, C. 8, 542/34.) 

27 February 1698 [1698/9]. To Lord Somers. 

The complaint of Elias Hasket of , gentleman, shows that EUas 

Hasket, late of Henstridge [co. Somerset], yeoman, was seised of several 
messuages, lands, etc., in Henstridge Marsh in Henstridge and at divers 
other places and parishes in the said county and elsewhere, to the yearly 
value of £40 and worth £800 or more, and of personalty, household stuff, 
plate, com, animals, etc., to the value of £600. He died about February 
1696 [1696/7], without lawful issue and intestate, leaving your orator, born 
beyond seas in New England, who is the only son and heir of Stephen Hasket, 
heretobefore of the city of Exeter, co. Devon, but late of Salem in New 
England, merchant, deceased, who was the only natural and lawful brother 
of the said EUas Hasket, deceased; and the said freehold estate ought to 
descend to him as heir at law, being the next and nearest relation and kin 
of the testator; but your orator dweUing and inhabiting some times in New 
England and at other times in Barbadoes beyond seas and having no intel- 
ligence till very lately of the death of his said uncle, EUas Hasket, Lewis 
Crumsey of the city of London and Mary, his -nife, Nicholas Buggis of 
Henstridge, yeoman, WilUam Dussett of Stalbridge, co. Dorset, yeoman, 
EUas Dusset his son, Stephen Haskett of Marnehull in Dorset, yeoman, 

and Dorothy Hedditch of , widow, combining with others unknown 

for the purpose of taking advantage of your orator's being beyond seas and 
having no inteUigence till verj' lately of the death of his uncle, EUas Hasket, 
under some pretended administration, which they got by surprise, received 
possession of the personal and freehold estate under some pretended will, 
in which they pretend that they were made executors of the said EUas, and 
got custody of aU the deeds, evidences, etc., and now they give out speeches 
that EUas Hasket made a wUl not long before his death, which they now 
set up, purporting to devise aU the real and personal estate to them, and 
at other times they pretend that they are the heirs at law of the said EUas 
Haskett, and not yoiu- orator, when in truth the same is weU known to those 
confederates to be the fact, and they are also weU satisfied in their consciences 
that the said EUas Hasket, deceased, never made any such de^'ises to them, 
and, if any wiU was obtained, it was by fraud, when the said EUas Hasket 
was in extremis, and some of the coiifederates were witnesses to the said 

1923] Genealogical Research in England 123 

wiU and knew the truth thereof. These confederates now refuse to discover 
any deed or will, and refuse to deUver over the property; but they threaten 
to share and divide it among themselves, .and have sold the greater part 
of the personalty or converted the same, and have made several alienations 
of the realty to irritate and perplex the orator's title and rights thereto, 
and they pretend that they have two wills, well and truly expressed, pur- 
porting to divide the estate among them, and they purpose to set them up 
against any suit of ejectment and so to nonsuit the orator and to refuse him 
evidences of discovery, and he has no relief except in equity, as the witnesses 
to these facts are either dead or in parts beyond the seas, remote and unknown 
to the orator. He prays that they be interrogated as to what property the 
said EUas Hasket, the orator's uncle, died seised of and its value, and where 
it lies; also how they are related to the said EUas Hasket, and whether the 
orator be not the son of Stephen Hasket, the brother of Elias Hasket, 
deceased, and what they know, believe, or have heard, and from whom, 
touching that matter, etc. (Chancery Proceedings before 1714, Mitford, 
B. 572/41.) 
Summons to Elias Dussett, an infant about 8 years of age, to choose a 
j guardian ad litem* He chooses Thomas Gribham [?] of YoveU [Yeo\il], 

! CO. Somerset, as guardian for the purposes of this suit, and a certificate 

i thereof is produced.' 

I The answer of William Dtjsset* shows that he believes that Elias Hasket, 

I deceased, was seised in his demesne as of fee of three closes, called Whitefields 

I Lane, New Close, and Long Close, and two parcels lying in South meade, 

\ in all nine acres, of the yearly value of about £8, in Henstridge, and also 

5 of a close of pastureland, called Sidehill, of three and one^haK acres, of the 

I yearly value of £5, but the defendant cannot tell the terms of the lease, 

I as Nicholas Buggis has it. Elias Hasket, several days before he died, made 

I his wiU, 13 February 1696 [1696/7], which was witnessed by Thomas Browne, 

< WUham Dasset, and Alice Carly. By it he gave to the defendant's wife 

': Sidehill close and to the defendant's sons £100, to be divided between them. 

i He made his wife Mary the sole executrix, and she died before proving the 

•j wiU, some five or six days before [sic, after] her husband. Trouble then 

; arose among the kindred as to who had the right to administration with the 

I will annexed. The Court of the Arches of Canterbury gave it to Lewis 

i Crumsey and his wife Mary, in her right, as she pretended to be the next 

't of kin of the deceased; and thereupon the defendant, in right of his wife, 

; entered upon SidehiU, and shortly afterwards upon the three closes and two 

pigtells [pightels], in the name and right of the defendant, Elias Dussett, 
his son, to whom they were deviled; and he has held them until about twelve 
months since, when the complainant came into England and pretended 
to be the next of kin, and by threats and menaces of suits at law prevailed 
on the defendant to quit possession of the premises, and he refused to pay 
Elias Dussett or his brothers the £100. Wherefore this complainant, with 
other legatees, hath a suit in this Honorable Court against the complaioant 
for recove];y of the said legacies, and he believes the complainant to be no 
kin of the deceased, and that he obtained the administration falsely. This 
same Elias Hasket brought an ejectment suit against the defendant which 
was to be tried in the Somerset assize in ]\Iay 1698, and he threatened to 
imdo the defendant by suits at law, and prevailed on him to make an agree- 
ment with him. He also induced Alice Carley to forget her attesting of the 

The answer of Elias Dussett by Thomas Gribham, next friend and 
guardian ad litem. This is in substance the same as the preceding answer, 

* This summons and answer apparently belong to the same case with the complaint of Elias 
Hasket of 27 February 1698 [1698/9), given above. 

124 . Genealogical Research in England [April 

and adds that Alice Carley was the testator's servant. The defendant denies 
that the complainant was the son of Stephen Hasket, brother of Elias Hasket 
the testator, who was this defendant's mother's imcle. (Chancery Pro- 
ceedings before 1714, Mitford, 583/2.) 

3 April 1702. The complaint of Elias Hasket of Henstridge Marsh 
[co. Somerset], Esq., cousin and heir of EUias Hasket of Henstridge, yeoman, 
deceased, who left a considerable estate, shows that imtil very lately the 
complainant has traded as a merchant at Barbadoes in America, and, having 
some employment in the government of England, was obliged to reside 
there until about four years since, and then, returning into England and 
being at Henstridge, he found several persons in possession of the estate, 
who had divided it among themselves. The orator made himself known, 
and [showed] that he considered himself entitled to the estate, and requested 
them to prove their titles. They produced a will, purporting to have been 
made by EUas Hasket when he was in extremis and non compos, and the 
orator has been informed that the will was fictitious. There were several 
suits in the Court of Arches, this Honorable Court, and at law, whereupon 
several of the pretenders to the estate of EHas Hasket released their claims; 
but, one WiUiam Dussett of Stalbridge in Dorset, yeoman, being related 
to Elias Hasket, and being in possession of the premises hereafter named 
under the pretended wiU to which he pretended to be a witness, the orator 
brought a suit of ejectment, which was ready for trial; but then the said 
Dussett, who was in very mean circumstances, prevailed on the orator to 
give him £40 for the maintenance of himself and family, and on 22 March 
1698 [1698/9] an agreement was made between the orator and Dussett 
that recited that, for the purpose of quashing various disputes, quarrels, 
and actions commenced, as well as long and tedious suits, the orator should 
pay the said Dussett £40, and the latter was before three calendar months 
to convey to the orator and his heirs all his, the said Dussett's, pretended 
right and title to a meadow called South Meade, containing by estimation 
one acre, and three fields or closes called Whitfield Lane, New Close, and 
Long Close, in all ten acres, together with several parcels of land in South 
Meade in Henstridge, late the land of inheritance of the deceased, which 
he pretended had been given to his, Dussett's, wife and children, and was 
to release aU claims to the orator. The orator then gave the said Dussett 
a bond, with sureties, for the payment, and Dussett delivered up to him the 
possession of the premises, and the orator is in actual possession of them. 
He has asked Dussett to-make the convej'ance agreed on, and has tendered 
the £40. But now the defendant Dussett and Mary his wife and his son 
EHas and the children of the said Dussett, conspiring with persons unk nown, 
pretend that they were surprised into the agreement, and that their interest 
was greater, and that the said WiUiam Dussett had no interest in the estate, 
and, if he did, it was only for his life, as guardian of his children or by their 
courtesy; and at other times they say that he was ready to convey, but 
that his wife dissuaded him and refused to join in the conveyance, and that 
his children are infants and cannot make an agreement; and again they 
say that he had settled the land on his wife and their issue. He prays discovery 
and a writ of subpcsna. 

1 August 1702. The answer of William Dussett confesseth that Elias 
Haskett, deceased, was seised of one close called Side Hill, of three acres, 
worth £3 per annum, for the remainder of ninety-nine years, determinable 
in the deaths of persons yet living. Several days before his death EKas 
Hasket made a will, on 13 February 1696 [1696/7], attested by Thomas 
Browne of Stalbridge, scrivener, and gave the defendant and his five sons 
£100, and made his wife Mary sole executrix, and so died, leaving his wife 

{ 1923] Genealogical Research in England 125 


I Mary, who survived her husband five or six days and died before proving 

I the will. Trouble then arose amongst their kindred as to whom adminis- 

itration cum^testamento annexo should go; but at last it was given to Lewis 
Cnimsey and his wife Mary, by order of the Arches Court of Canterbury, 
' as next of kin. The defendant entered the close called SidehiQ in right of 

I his wife Mary and of his son Elias and on the three closes at issue, and 

1 enjoyed the same until five or six years ago the complainant came into 

England from beyond seas, and pretended to be nearer of Idn to the testator 
, than Mary Crumsey, and got administration with the wiU annexed on all 
\ the goods of the testator, and by threats and menaces of suits got the defend- 

i ant timorously to desert the said demised premises, although they were 

'l given to his wife. The complainant refused the defendant the legacies and 

! premises or to pay the £100 bequeathed to the defendant's children. The 

defendant denies any wrong acting, and does not believe the complainant 
to be of any kin or affinity with .the testator, and denies that he has any 
deeds or evidences in his hands. The wiU was not obtained by fraud, and 
he challenges the complainant's right to the closes in question. Moreover, 
the complainant has admitted the validity of the will by taking administration' 
with the win annexed. At the testator's request Thomas Browne and Alice 
Carly attested the will, which now remains in the Prerogative Court and 
it is from this that the defendant's wife and his son Elias Dusset derive their 
title. The deceased left two wills, the first of which was given to the com- 
.• plainant by Nicholas Buggis, who held the house in Henstridge late of the 

. j testator; but the defendant does not know the contents of the first wiU. 

i The defendant does not believe that the complainant is the son of Stephen 

I Haskett, brother of the testator, who was this defendant's (i. e., young 

\ Ellis Dusset's) mother's uncle. The last will was filed in the Court of Arches 

i of Canterbury. The defendant's children are: WilHam, aged 13 years, 

1 Ehas, under 12 years, Henry, under 10 years, George, under 9 years, and 

; James, under 6 years. The complainant has prevailed on Alice Carly to 

* forget her attesting the will; and Thomas Browne's single evidence is not 

I enough to prove it, according to the strict construction of the law. The only 

I reason why he submitted to make the agreement alleged by the complainant 

■; R'as his inability to defend himself, and he prays that it be cancelled. (Chan- 

; eery Proceedings before 1714, Reynardson, 168/44.) 

; From Lay Subsidies for Henstridge, co. Somerset* 

39 Elizabeth [1596-7]. William Sevier in goods [valuation] £3 

[tax] 8d. 
William Stibbs in goods [valuation] £3 
[tax] 8d. 

18 James I [1620-1]. Elias Hasket in lands [valuation] 20s. [itax] 

William Stibbs in lands [valuation] 20s. 
[tax] 4d. 

3 Charles I ]1627-8]. Elias Hasket in lands [valuation] 20s. [tax] 

. 4d. 

WiUiam Haskett in lands [valuation] 40s. 

[tax] 8d. 
William Stibbs in lands [valuation] 20s. 

[tax] 4d. 

4 Charles I [1628-9]. Elias Haskett in lands [valuation] £1 [tax] 


♦Preserved in the Public Record Office, London. 

126 Genealogical Research in England [April 

William Haskett in lands [valuation] £2 

[tax] 16d. 
William Stibbs in lands [valuation] £1 
[tax] 8d. 
16 Charles I [1640-1]. William Haskett in lands [valuation] 20s. 

[tax] 8d. [Assessment of first two of 
four payments.] 
16 Charles I [1640-1], Poll Tax. Ellis Haskett [valuation] £10 [tax] 2s. 

Mr. Haskett [valuation] £20 [tax] 5s. 
William Stibbs [valuation] £10 [tax] 2s. 

The foregoing records contain much information about the Hasketts 
who in the later years of the sixteenth century and in the seventeenth 
century lived at MarnhuU and Todbere, in the northern part of 
Dorsetshire, and at Henstridge, a parish in the adjoining portion of 
Somersetshire, among whom were the ancestors and near relatives 
of Stephen Haskett of Salem in New England. EUis (or Elias) Hasket 
of Henstridge, who was buried there in 1639, was probably the grand- 
father of the emigrant to New England, and a pedigree showing two 
or three generations of his proved and of his probable descendants 
is given below. This pedigree is followed by information about the 
family of a John Hasket of Marnhvill and Todbere, co. Dorset, who 
was probably closely related to EUis Hasket of Henstridge, There 
are a few Hasketts mentioned in the parish registers given above 
whose relationship to the family of EUis or that of John has not yet 
been established, as there are also several legatees and other persons 
named in the foregoing wUls whose relationship to the testators has 
not y^t been ascertained. New England records also have been 
consulted for the New England immigrant and his children. 

1. Ellis (Ella.s) Hasket, of Henstridge, co. Somerset, born prob- 
ably about 1560, was buried at Henstridge, "an old man," 10 May 

1639. He probably married first ; and secondly, about 1595, 

Mary Seavier or Sevier, sister of William Seavier of Yenston in 
the parish of Henstridge, husbandman, the testator of 1604. IMary 
(Seavier) Hasket was living 9 May 1607, when she was mentioned 
as a legatee in the wiU of her sister-in-law, Mariane Sevier, widow 
of WiUiam. 

Ellis (Elias) Hasket appears to be the first of the name in Henstridge, 
as no Hasketts are to be found there in the lay subsidies of 89 and 43 
Elizabeth [1596-7 and 1600-1]. He probably came to Henstridge 
because of his marriage with Mary Sea\der, sister of William Seavier 
of that parish, who was taxed at Henstridge in the lay subsidy of 
39 EUzabeth [1596-7], and he may have been a near relative of 
John Hasket of Todbere, co. Dorset, the testator of 1614, and of 
William Hasket, who married a daughter of John HiUier of Wincanton, 
CO. Somerset, gentleman, the testator of 1619. He is probably the 
EUas Hasket who was taxed at Henstridge in the lay subsidy of 
18 James I [1620-1], 3 Charles I [1627-8], and 4 Charles I [1628-9]. 
Children by first wife: 

2. i. Ellis (Elias), probably s. of Ellis of Henstridge, b. about 1585. 

3. ii. Stephen, probably s. of Ellis of Henstridge, b. about 1590. 

1923] Genealogical Research in England 127 

Children by second wife: 

iii. DeAne (dau.), b. probably about 1596; bur. at Henstridge, as Dionisia 
Haskett, 4 July 1623; legatee in the will of Mariane Sevier, widow 
of William, 9 May 1607. 
iv. A DAUGHTER, b. probably about 1598; living 9 May 1607 (see wiU of 

Mariane Sevier, widow, of 1607). 
V. William, of Henstridge, b. probably about 1600; m. (1) at Kingsdon, 
CO. Somerset, 3 Nov. 1625, Joanna Hued, bur. at Henstridge 
1 Mar. 1640/1, dau. of William of Kingsdon, gentleman, the testator 

of 1638 (see his wUl, supra, p. 110); m. (2) Rebecca . Child 

by first wife: 1. Mary, living 14 Apr. 1638, when she is mentioned 
in the will of her grandfather, William Hurd. Children by second 
wife: 2. William, bur. at Henstridge 3 May 1654. 3. Robert, bur. 
I at Henstridge 19 Sept. 1666. 4. Jonathan, bapt. at Henstridge 

I 23 Nov. 1665. Perhaps others. 

1 vi. A DAUGHTER, b. probably about 1602; living 9 May 1607 (see wUl of 

• Mariane Sevier, widow, of 1607). 

vii. A DAUGHTER, b. probably about 1604; living 9 May 1607 (see will of 
Mariane Sevier, widow, of 1607). 

2. Ellis (Elias) Hasket (? Ellis), of Ma,rnhu]l, co. Dorset, and of 

j Henstridge, co. Somerset, yeoman and gentleman^ clothier, 

I probably a son of Ellis (1), born about 1585, died before 1660. 

I He married first, about 1608, Christian -, who died 

1 before 1635; and secondly, about 1635, Eleanor Stibbs, bap- 

I tized at Henstridge 18 Oct. 1605, buried there, a widow, 17 June 

I 1660, daughter of WUliam of Henstridge. 

I He. appears at Marnhull, 1608-1615, and at Henstridge, where 

\ he Hved in the hamlet of Enston or Yenston, from 1622 on. 

I He was a plaintiff in Chancery suits, abstracts of which have 

•: been given above, in 1627, 1637, 1639, and 1647, the defendant 

J in the suit of 1647 being the plaintiff's son, William Haskett. 

I Children by first wife : 

I i. Edith, bapt. at Marnhull 9 Dec. 1608. Child (illegitimate): 1. Joan, 

I bapt. at Henstridge 27 May 1636. 

V ii. Ellis (Elias), bapt. at Marnhull 28 Oct. 1610; living 2 July 1639 

I (see Chancery suit) ; d. s.-p. soon afterwards. 

'( iii. William, of Yenston in Henstridge, bapt. at Marnhull 12 June 1615; 

\ Hving in 1662, when he was defendant ia a Chancery suit {q.v.); 

1 m. between 1637 and 1647 Mary , Hving 11 Oct. 1647. He 

\ was plaintiff, with his father and brother Ellis (EUas), in the Chan- 

i eery suit of 1639, and was defendant in the Chancery suit brought 

by his father in 1647. Child: 1. Mary, b. probably about 1645; 
d. before 20 Apr. 1697; m. at Henstridge William Hoddinott, who 
d. before 5 Oct. 1697, s. of William of Stalbridge, co. Dorset; their 
dau. Mary, b. in Stalbridge about 1662, m. I^wis Crumsey, and 
in 1697, being then of Blackfriars, London, claimed the admin- 
istration cum testamento annexo on the estate of EHas Haskett 
(2, vii), the testator of- 13 Feb. 1696/7, her half great-uncle, which' 
was granted to her in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 12 May 
1698, but was given by the Court of Delegates, 14 Aug. 1699, to 
Elias Hasket (4, iii), son of the testator's own elder brother, Stephen 
Haskett of Salem in New England, deceased. 
.- iv. Susan, bapt. at Henstridge 19 Mar. 1622/3. 

! Childrenby second wife: 

4. V. Stephen, bapt. at Henstridge 18 December 1636. 
': vi. A DAUGHTER (probably), who was probably b. about 1639 and m. 

I . They were probably the parents of Mary, b. probably 

• about 1663, who m. about 1687 William Dussett of Stalbridge, 



128 Genealogical Research in England [April 

CO. Dorset, yeoman, one of the defendants in the Chancery suits 
of 27 Feb. 1698/9 and the defendant in the suit of 1702. Both 
William Dussett and his wife Mary were living 1 Aug. 1702, and 
had then the following children: 1. William, aged 13 years. 2. Elias, 
under 12 years. 3. Henry, under 10 years. 4. George, under 9 years. 
5. James, under 6 years. (See Chancery suit of 1702, given above.) 
vii. Elias (Ellis), of Henstridge Marsh, yeoman, the testator of 13 Feb. 
1696/7. b. at Henstridge, probably about 1642; d. about 14 Feb. 

1696/7; m. Maky , who d. five or six days after her husband 

and was bur. at Henstridge 21 Feb. 1696/7. Child: 1. Mary, bur. 
at Henstridge 26 June 1673. Elias Haskett was the father aJso of 
an illegitimate child, to whom he left no legacy in his wiU (see 
Chancery suit brought in 1697 by Dorothjr Hedditch, widow, 
sister of Mary, wife of Elias Haskett). In his will {vide supra, p. Ill) 
Elias Haskett made his wife Mary his executrix; but she died a 
few days after her hxisband, without proving the will. Various 
relatives and connections of the testator claimed the administration 
cum testamento annexo on his estate, and the Prerogative Court of 
Canterbury, in which the will was proved 12 May 1698, granted 
administration to Mary Crumsey, wife of Lewis Crumsey, who was 
grandniece of the testator, being the granddaughter of William 
Haskett (2, iii), deceased, an elder half brother of the testator, 
i I The contest for the administration was carried into the Court of 

' Delegates, which on 14 Aug. 1699 granted the administration 
_, cum testamento annexo to the nephew of the testator, Elias Haskett, 

I ' the son of Stephen Haskett of Salem in New England, deceased (4), 

I . the elder own brother of the testator. The processes in this litigation 

in the Court of Delegates and the Chancery suits connected with 
this contest (see the suits of 1697, 1698/9, and 1702) contain impor- 
tant information on the family connections of the testator and 
have been most helpful in the compiling of this pedigree. It is not 
possible to determine the relationship to the testator of some of 
the legatees in his wUl. 

3. Stephen Haskett, of Marnhull, co. Dorset, fuller, the testator 
of 1648, probably a son of EUis (1), born about 1590, was buried 

at Marnhull 29 Oct. 1648 or 1649. He married Elizabeth , 

who was named as executrix in his will (q.v.), dated 24 May 
1648 and proved 27 Feb. 1653 [? 1653/4]. 

Children : 

5. i. Ellis (Elias), b. probably about 1618. 

6. ii. Stephen, b. probably about 1620. 
iii. Elizabeth, bapt. at Marnhull 19 Jan. 1622/3; living 24 May 1648; ' 

m. Young. Child: 1. James, living 24 May 1648. 

iv. Margaret, bapt. at Marnhull 12 Jan. 1624/5; bur. there 30 Jan. 

V. Alice, bur. at Marnhull 16 Nov. 1635. 
vi. John, bapt. at Marnhull 25 June 1629; living 24 May 1648. 

4. Stephen Haskett (Ellis, ? Ellis), of Exeter, co. Devon, and 
Salem, Mass., soap boiler, baptized at Henstridge, co. Somerset, 
18 Dec. 1636, died before 30 May 1698. He married, at Exeter, 
CO. Devon, about 1666, Elizabeth Hill of Exeter, who sur\'ived 
him and deposed at Salem, as his widow, 30 May 1698. 

He served an apprenticeship at Exeter to one Mr. Thomas 
Oburne, a chandler and soap boiler there, and, after his time 
was out, married. Afterwards, according to the statement of 
his son Elias, "meeting some crosses in the world," he emigrated 
to Salem, in the Colonj'- of the Massachusetts Bay, where he 


* 1923] Genealogical Research in England 129 

I is found 22 Mar. 1666/7 (Salem Town Records, in Essex Institute 

Historical Collections, vol. 41, p. 122) and where he settled. 
After he had been there a while, he sent for his wife, who left 
England and joined her husband in Salem, bringing with her 
their daughter Elizabeth. In Nov. 1671 he deposed, aged 37 
years (Records and Files of the Quarterly Courts of Essex 
CoUnty, vol. 4, p. 430), and his name occurs several times in 
the Essex Coimty court records. He is "styled soap boiler and 
captain. He appears to have carried on the trade of a chandler 
and at the same time he was captain of a trading vessel. Capt. 
Stephen Hasket was employed to carry stores around Cape Cod 
to the army at Narragansett in 1675, and he was present at 
the storming of the Narragansett fort [in King Philip's War] 
as one of Capt. Curwin's troopers." (Essex Institute Historical 
Collections, vol. 51, p. 2.) On 30 Nov. 1677 Stephen Haskett 
was appointed by the Quarterly Comt at Salem administrator 
of the estate of John Langdon, deceased, intestate, and Michaell 
Comes and Peter Joy, aged about 40 years, deposed on 22 Oct. 
1677 that they heard Jolm Langdon say that he gave to Elizabeth 
Haskitt, daughter of Mr. Stepheen Heskitt, £10, and what else 
there was left was to be divided among said Heskitt's children, 
this being said Langdon's desire when he went away with 
Mr. Eliezer Devenportt out of the country in Dec. 1676. John 
Langdon's estate was appraised at £20. 10s. (Records and Files 
of the Quarterly Courts of Essex Coimty, vol. 6, p. 376. Cf. 
Register, vol. 29, p. 318.) What, if any, relationship there 
} was between John Langdon and the children of Stephen Haskett 

I does not appear. The deposition of Stephen Haskett's widow, 

\ Elizabeth, of 30 May 1698, in regard to her children has been 

I given in the early part of this article (vide supra, page 72) ; and 

I on the same date Stephen Sewell, notary, certified that Stephen 

f Hasket left only one son and five daughters. 

> Children: 

; i. Elizabeth, b. in England (probably at Exeter, co. Devon) about 

I 1667; brought in infancy by her mother to New England; d. before 

• 8 Apr. 1740, when administration on her estate was granted to 

1 her son-in-law, Joshua Hicks; m. (1) 6 June 1684 William Dynn 

of Salem, b. at Kinsale, Ireland, about 1660, came to New England 
in 1678, d. ia 1689-90, s. of John; m. (2) in 1691, as his second wife, 
Roger Derby, Sr., of Salem, b. probably at Topsham, co. Devon, 
England, about 1643, came to New England in 1671, d. at Salem 
26 Sept. 1698, aged 55 years. Children by first husband, b. at 
Salem: 1. John, b. 23 May 1686; Uving 26 July 1698, when he is 
mentioned in the wiU of his stepfather, Roger Derbj-^; d. unm. 
before 18 June 1716. 2. WiUiam, b. 1 Aug. 1689; living 26 July 
1698, when he is mentioned in the will of his stepfather, Roger 
Derby; d. unm. before 18 June 1716. Children by second husband, 
; b. at Salem: 3. Elizabeth, h. 10 Mar. 1691/2; d. before 29 Dec. 1721, 

when her will was proved; m. 17 Apr. 1718 Thomas Palfray, sail- 
maker, b. at Salem 24 June 1689, d. before 1 Aug. 1720, when his 
will was proved, s. of Walter and Margaret (Manning) ; their only 
: chUd, Elizabeth, bapt. at Salem 11 Oct. 1719, d. young. 4. Margaret, 

: b. 14 Aug. 1693; d. 11 July 1765; m. 8 Feb. 1710 WiUiam Osborn, 

; yeoman, b. 3 May 1682, d. at Danvers, Mass.^ 28 Sept. 1771, 

: s. of William and Hannah (Burton) of Salem; eight children. 5. 

130 Genealogical Research in England [April 

Ann, b. 10 Dec. 1695; living 19 June 1752, when she was named 
as executrix in her husband's will; m. 2 Jan. 1717/18 Capt. Benjamin 
Ives, master mariner and tanner, b. at Salem about 1692, d. between 
19 June 1752, when his wiU was dated, and 16 July 1752, when his 
will was proved, s. of Thomas and Elizabeth (Metcalf ) ; nine children, 
b. at Salem. 6. Martha, h. 30 Sept. 1697; m. 22 Oct. 1719 Joshua 
Hicks of Salem, merchant; eight children. 

ii. Stephen, b. at Salem in Mar. 1668/9; d. in two weeks. 

iii Col. Elias, b. at Salem 25 Apr. 1670; m. in Barbados, about 1695 
or earUer, Elizabeth Rich. In early Life he went to Barbados, 
where he settled and became a sea captain, merchant, and planter. 
He made a voyage from Barbados to England in 1696, in the ship 
New London, of which he was master, and remained in England 
until May 1697, when he embarked on the Sheerness galley, Captain 
Bolles, for Barbados, where he arrived in Aug. 1697. In Nov. 1698 
he went again to England, and in the ensuing winter claimed in 
the Court of Delegates, as next of kin, administration on the estate 
of his uncle, EUas Haskett of Henstridge Marsh, co. Somerset, 
yeoman, the testator of 13 Feb. 1696/7; and he also brought a 
suit in Chancery, 27 Feb. 1698/9, for the possession of the estate 
of the deceased. On 14 Aug. 1699 administration cum testamento 
annexo on the estate of the deceased was granted to him by the 
Court of Delegates; but on 3 Apr. 1702, calling himself Elias Biasket 
of Henstridge Marsh, Esq., he brought suit in Chancery against 
WiUiam Dussett, husband of a niece of the deceased (cf. 2, vi), 
because he had not carried out an agreement which he had made 
with the plaintiff in connection with the latter's claim to the estate 
cf the deceased. Meanwhile, he had been nominated by the Lords 
Proprietors of the Bahama Islands to be Governor of those islands, 
and had been vouched for by several men, presumably merchants 
of London, in the following letter: "To the Honble Lords Commis- 
sioners of Trade We whose names are subscribed doe humbly 
certify that Capt. EUas BLaskett is a person very well known unto 
us being personally acquainted with him for many years past, he 
being imployed by divers considerable Merchants of Credit and 
reputation as commander of severall ships and alsoe intrusted with 
the disposall of their Cargoes, which Trust he performed to their 
full satisfaction. And farther That he hath always manifested 
himself a Loyall and faithfull Subject to this present Government. 
[Signed] Hwtn.[?] Ennis Thomas Richards John Stretet Epa 
Charington William Deacon Jno Reynolds Rob. Hej^sham Mel. 
Holder Rowld Trj-on." This letter is endorsed: " Certificate 
of Mr. Robert JBeysham and others in behalf of Capt. 
Elias Hasket nominated by the Lords Proprietors of the 
Bahamas in the Indies to be Governour of those Islands." (State 
Papers, Colonial Series, vol. 13, p. 14, from Colonial Office Papers, 
5, 1260, no. 42.) A bond of Ellas Hasket of London, Esq., Robert 
Nesmith of London, Gent., and Josias Dicken of London, Gent., 
to John, Earl of Bath, and the other proprietors, as Governour of 
the Bahamas and to suppress piracy, etc., is dated 18 Apr. 1700, 
and is witnessed bj' Jo. Aleman, James Griffith, and Benj. Durgj-. 
(/6.,»no. 41.) He received his commission as Governor 'of the 
Bahamas about 12 May 1701, and proceeded thither with his wife 
and family aiid took up the duties of his office. His career as Governor 
was brief but stormy. The people of New Providence, in an assembly 
held at Nassau 5 Oct. 1701, addressed to the Lords Proprietors and 
to the Commissioners of Trade a long statement of their grievances 
and of the oppressive acts of the Governor. In the statement in 
his own defence which he published in London in 1702, the Governor 
ascribes his troubles to the wicked men whom he had tried to bring 
to justice, who, he says, conspired with divers inhabitants of the 
island to stir up an insurrection against him. In Oct. 1701, the 
narrative continues, the conspirators seized the fort at Nassau, 

1923] Genealogical Research in England 131 

broke into the Governor's house, "and in a Rebellious and Hostile 
manner assaulted the said Grovernour and his Attendants, and 
having grevously wounded him in the Head and other Parts^ to 
the great hazard of his Life, they carried him away Prisoner into 
the Fort, and kept him there confin'd in Irons; and the same Night 
his. Wife, Sister, and Family were constrain'd for their Security, 
to fly. into the Woods." The insurgents looted the Governor's 
house, and took away his own securities and money and money 
belonging to the King and the Lords Proprietors. They held the 
Governor for three days or thereabouts in the fort, and then removed 
him 'to a small house about four miles from Nassau, where he was 
kept a prisoner, in irons, for six weeks; and his wife and sister were 
kept in close confinement during a great part of this time. At 
length the Governor was placed on board of a small ketch, and 
made his escape from the Islands. Some time later, in the middle 
of the winter, his wife and sister were forced to board a sloop, and 
i ^ ' were cast away on a desert and uninhabited coast,* his wife suc- 

• ' ceeding in reaching Charleston in Carolina, whence she sailed for 

England. The Governor himself made his way to New York and 
\ New England, and on 19 Mar. 1701/2, styling himself "the Hon. 

j Col. Elias Haskett Esquire," Governor of New Providence, in the 

1 West Indies, gave a power of attorney to Capt. Samuel Browne, 

I , merchant, of Salem, to collect his rents and sell his property, etc., 

] in Salem. (Cf. Essex Institute Historical Collections, vol. 42, p. 162, 

I and vol. 51, p. 1.) He went to England, to lay his case before the 

I authorities, and on 3 Apr. 1702 brought the suit in Chancery against 

i , William Dussett which has been referred to above. Savage (Gen- 

j ealogical Dictionary, vol. 2, p. 372) states that he lived some time 

' in Boston in the early part of the eighteenth century. 

I iv. Maey, b. at Salem 13 Mar. 1671/2; m. Capt. Benjamin Pickman 

; of Salem, b. 30 Jan. 1671/2, d. 26 Apr. 1719, s. of Benjamin and 

{ Elizabeth (Hardy). Child: 1. John, bapt. at Salem 12 Feb. 1698/9, 

I V. Saba, b. at Salem 5 Feb. 1673/4; m. 29 July 1702 Samuel Ingersoll 

f of Salem. They had issue. 

; vi. Hannah, b. at SaJem 2 Aug. 1675; m. 11 May 1704 Richard Symmes. 

i They had issue. 

•* vii. Martha, m. 25 Feb. 1702/3 Richard Derby of Salem, mariner, b. 

I at Ipswich, Mass., 8 Oct. 1679, d. 25 July 1715, s. of Roger and his 

t first wife, Lucretia (Kilham or Hilman), Roger Derby marrying 

f for his second wife Elizabeth (Hasket) Dynn, eldest sister of Martha 

(Hasket) Derby. Children, b. at Salem: 1. John, h. 27 Dec. 1705. 

.i 2. Mary, b. 9 Jan. 1707/8; d. 9 Feb. 1736/7; m. 11 May 1727 Capt. 

George Mugford, mariner; two children. 3. Richard, of Salem, 

master mariner and merchant, b. 16 Sept. 1712; d. 9 Nov. 1783; 

m. (1) 3 Feb. 1735/6 Mary Hodges, b. 21 Dec. 1713, d. 27 Mar. 

' 1770, dau. of Gamaliel and Sarah (Williams) of Salem; m. (2) 

2 Oct. 1771 Sarah (LaMley) Hersey, b. in 1712, d. 17 June 1790, 

: widow of Dr. Ezekiel Elersey of Hmgham, Mass.; six children by 

« his first wife, of whom one was Elias Hasket Derby, the well-known 

Salem merchant, b. in 1739, d. in 1799. 4. Martha, b. 21 Sept. 1714; 

d. 28 Sept 1745; m. 30 Mar. 1736 Capt. Thomas Elkins, mariner; 

one son. 

5. Ellis (Ella.s) Haskett {Stephen, ? Ellis), of Enston (Yenston) 
in Henstridge, co. Somerset, yeoman, born probably about 
1618, was buried at Henstridge 22 Sept. 1673. He married 

i Sarah . 

I In 1662, as Ellis Haskett the Elder, he was plaintiff in a 

. *The documents containing the charges against Gov. Elias Haskett and his answers to these 

■' charges were collected by the contributor of this article and were printed in Essex Institute His- 

I torical Collections, vol. 51, pp. 1-22, 97-125, in an article entitled "The Governor of New 

1 Providence, West Indies, in 1702." ' 


132 Genealogical Research in England [April 

Chancery suit (q-v.) against his first cousin, William Haskett 

the Younger of Yenston, yeoman (2, iii). 
Children : 

i. William, bapt. at Henstridge 4 Nov. 1640; probably the William 

Haskett who m. Joan (bur. at Henstridge 3 Mar. 1690/1). 

Their children, bapt. at Henstridge, were: 1. Annetta, bapt. 18 Xov. 
1669; perhaps the Anna Hasket of Henstridge who m. there, 25 
Mar. 1695, William Kelloway of Mamhull, co. Dorset. 2. Stephen, 
bapt. 21 Oct. 1673. 3. Mary, bapt. 12 Jan. 1674/5; perhaps the 
Mary Haskot who m. at Henstridge, 27 July 1699, Joseph Perrin. 
4. Sara, bapt. 12 Jan. 1675/6. 5. Samuel, bapt. 29 Apr. 1677; bur. at 
Henstridge 23 Oct. 1687. 6. Jane, bapt. 15 Sept. 1678. 7. Joan, 
bapt. 15 Jime 1681; bur. at Henstridge 2 Oct. 1681. 8. Thomas, 
bapt. 27 Aug. 1682. 

ii. Ellis. (Elias), of Henstridge, baker, b. probably about 1642; living 
in i697, when, with his cousin Stephen Haskett (6, i), he claimed 
in the Court of Delegates administration cum testamento annexo 
on the estate of Elias Haskett (2, vii), the testator of 13 Feb. 1696/7; 

m. Elizabeth . On 1 Nov. 1665 he is called "Ellis Hasket, 

Junr." Children, bapt. at Henstridge and all living 13 Feb. 1696/7 
(see will of EUas Haskett of that date): 1. Susanna, bapt. 1 Xov. 

1665; m. Hobbs, who d. before 13 Feb. 1696/7. 2. Mary, 

' bapt. 18 Mar. 1667/8. 3. EUis (Elias), bapt. 8 Jan. 1670/1. 4. Sara, 

bapt. 2 Apr. 1673. 5. Samuel, bapt. 3 Apr. 1676. 
Probably also daughters. 

6. Stephen Haskett (Stephen, ? Ellis), of MarnhuU, co. Dorset, 

born probably about 1620, was buried at MarnhuU 9 Aug. 1651. 

He married Elizabeth . 

Children, baptized at Mamhull: 

i. Stephen, of Mamhull, bapt. 12 Nov. 1648; probably living 11 Sept. 

1701; m. (1) Mart -^ , who d. about 1675; m. (2) Elizabeth 

—, who d. about 1683: m. (3) Anne . In 1697, with his 

cousin Elias Haskett (5, ii), he claimed in the Court of Delegates 
administration cum testamento annexo on the estate of Elias Haskett 
(2, vii), the testator of 13 Feb. 1696/7. Children by first wife, bapt. 
at Mamhull: 1. Stephen, bapt. 7 May 1673; bur. at Mamhull 
11 Sept. 1701. 2. Thomas, bapt. 15 June 1675; probably the Thomas 

Hasket who m. Mary and had children bapt. at Mamhull, 

via., Thomas, bapt. 5 July 1696, Stephen, bapt. 16 Jan. 1697/8, 
Jonathan, bapt. 6 Jan. 1699/1700 ,and Ambrose, bapt. 25 Julj' 
1701. Children by second wife, bapt. at Mamhull: 3. John, bapt. 
3 Oct. 1677. 4. Frances (dau.), bapt. 4 June 1680. 5. Jonathan, 
bapt. 28 Mar. 1683. Child by third wife: 6. Thomas, bapt. at 
Mamhull 23 June 1686. 

ii. Elizabeth (posthumous), bapt. 7 Apr. 1652. 

John Hasket, of MarnhuU and Todbere, co. Dorset, the testator 
of 1614, perhaps a brother or a cousin of EUis (EUas) Hasket of 
Henstridge, co. Somerset, with whom the pedigree given above begins, 
died between 29 Sept. 1614, when his wUl was dated, and 23 Feb. 

1614/15, when his will was proved. He married Anne — -. , whom 

he appointed executrix of his wiU. 

A Stephen Haskett and a WiUiam Haskett, his "weU-beloved 
friends," were overseers and witnesses of his wUl. He directed that 
he should be buried in the churchyard of Stowre Estowre [sic], 
that is, probably. East Stower, a parish a little distance north from 

1923] The Polks of NoHh Carolina and Tennessee 133 

Children, all except the last two recorded at Marnhull, and 
all except the second (who died in infancy) living 29 Sept. 1614, 
when they are mentioned in their father's wiU: 

i. John, bapt. 27 June 1596. 

ii. William, bapt. 7 Jan. 1597/8; bur. 5 Feb. 1597/8. 

iii. Joan, bapt. 1 July 1599; living unm. 29 Sept. 1614. 

iv. Mart, bapt. 22 May 1601; living unm. 29 Sept. 1614. 

V. Thomas, bapt. 8 Apr. 1603. 

vi. Robert, bapt. 18 Sept. 1605. 

vii. William, probably b. after his father removed to Todbere. 

viii. Michael, probably b. after his father removed to Todbere. 


j By Mrs. Frank M. Angelloiti of San Rafael, Calif. 

I It is the purpose of this article to trace the descendants of William^ 

t Polk of Maryland, who settled in North Carolina about 1750 and 

[ through his sons, four of whom were officers in the Revolution, was 

I the ancestor of the distinguished Polk family of North Carolina and 

j ' Tennessee, to which James Knox Polk, eleventh President of the 
\ United States, and Leonidas Polk, Bishop and Confederate General, 

I belonged. A brief account also is given of the first two generations 

I of Polks in America, in order to show the family connections of 

I William Polk of Maryland and North Carolina and his descent from 

? Robert Polk, the immigrant ancestor of the family. 

i The compiler of the article is indebted to Mr. George Washington 

I Polk of San Antonio, Tex., for the line of his ancestor. Brig. Gen. 

\ Thomas Polk (5), and for various researches in the line of Capt. 

f _ Charles Polk (6), and to Mr. Wihnot Polk Rogers of Berkeley, Calif., 

for the line of his ancestor, Col. Ezekiel Polk (8). Additions and 
corrections for this genealogy wUl be welcome, and should be sent to 
the compiler.* 

*It is not surprising that a family which has furnished a President to the United States, a Bishop- 
General to the Confederate Army, and many other men who have acquitted themselves well in 
public office or in military or naval service should have engaged the attention of genealogists, 
biographers, and historians, and that in consequence a considerable amount of material about 
Robert Polk of Maryland and his descendants is already in print. Much of this material belongs 
chiefly to the fields of biography or history, but two genealogies of the family should be mentioned 
here. The first is found in a series of articles by Miss Mary Winder Garrett, published in 1895- 
1899 in the American Historical Magazine of Nashville, Tenn. (vols. 1, 2, 3, and 4), and the second 
is a good-sized volume by William Harrison Polk of Lexington, Ky., entitled "Polk Family and ' 
Kinsmen," published in 1912. This latter work contains an abundance of genealogical and biograph- 
ical matter about the Polk family, with many letters and records and with numerous portraits and 
other illustrations; but the arrangement of the contents is faulty and inconvenient from the gene- 
alogist's point of view, it is difficult to separate the genealogical data from the other material, dates 
of birth, marriage, and death are often lacking, and the book is not free from errors. The articles 
by Miss Garrett, although much less voluminous and perplexing than the "Polk Family and 
Kinsmen," also omit many important dates. It seems, therefore, to the compiler of this article 
and to her collaborators that a genealogy of the Southern Polks, arranged on the Register plan 
and correcting the errors and supplying the deficiencies of the earUer works, will serve as a useful 
guide in tracing descent from Robert Polk of Maryland and will be welcomed by all who are 
interested in the historic families of the United States. 

134 The Polks of North Carolina, and Tennessee [April 

1. Capt. Robert^ Pollock or Polk (as the name became con- 
tracted in Maryland), the immigrant ancestor of the Polks of North 
Carolina and Teimessee, came to America with his family from co. 
Donegal, Ireland,* probably between 1672 and 1680, when John Polk, 
his son, registered the earmarks of his cattle, and settled on the East- 
ern Shore of Maryland. He died between 6 May 1699, when his will 
(on file at Aimapohs, Md.) was dated, and 5 June 1704, when it was 
proved. He married, before coming to America, Magdalen (Tasker) 
Porter, who made her will (on file in Somerset Co., Md.) 7 Apr. 
1726, daughter of Colonel Tasker of Broomfield Castle, near London- 
derry, Ireland, a chancellor of Ireland, and widow of Colonel Porter, 
in whose regiment, a part of the Parliamentary forces under Crom- 
well, Robert Pollock served as captain. On the death of Colonel 
Tasker, Broomfield Castle was left to his elder daughter, Barbara, 
while Magdalen received another estate of her father's called Moneen, 
"lying in the Barony of Rafo, County of Donegal, in the Parish of 
Lyford," near the village of Strabane, Ireland. In her wiU of 1726 
Magdalen left Moneen to her youngest "son Joseph PoUock and the 
heirs of his body forever." Her will begins "I Magdalen PoUock," 
but is signed "Magdalen Polk." 

Robert Polk and his sons and grandsons received grants of land 
on the Eastern Shore of Maryland from the Lords Baltimore between 
1687 ahd 1742,t and in 1689 the names of Robert Polk and his son 
John appear on a hst of loyal subjects of Somerset Co., Md., who 
addressed a letter to King WiUiam and Queen Mary. 
Children (order of births uncertain) : 

i. JoHN,2 b. probably in Ireland; d. in 1707; m. (1) Jane , who d. 

28 Oct. 1700; m. (2) Joanna Knox, sister of Nancy (Knox) Owens, 
the first wife of his brother William. His wiU has not been found, 
but a deed from William Kent and his wife to Ephraim Polk 
recites that John Polk's will was dated 20 Nov. 1702. He had 
devised Locust Hammock and other lands to William Kent, prob- 
ably in trust for his (John Polk's) children, and these lands were 
afterwards conveyed to the two children. In 1708 their \mcle, 
William Polk (2), was appointed their guardian. Children by first 
wife (births recorded in the church at Monie, Somerset Co., Md.): 
1. William,' b. 11 July 1695; d. in Maryland, probably in 1726, his 
wlU being proved 21 Feb. 1726/7; m. his first cousin, Priscilla 
Roberts, dau. of Francis and Ann (Polk) (1, vii).t 2. Ann {Nancy), 
b. 27 Jan. 1698 [? 1698/9]; m. her first cousin, Edward Roberts, s. 

*For statements about the ancestry of Capt. Robert Pollock or Polk see Addendum I to this 

tSome of the grants of land in Marj'land issued to Robert Polk, his sons, and his grandsons were: 
To Robert Polk, 7 Mar. 1687, "Polke's Lott" and "Polk's Folly;" 8 Nov. 1700, "Bally Hack." 
To Ephraim Polk, 20 Sept. 1700, "ClonmeU;" 26 Mar. 1705, "Long Delay;" 27 Mar. 1715, 
"Chance;" 10 Dec. 1740, "Hogg yard." To James Polk, 1 June 1705, "James Meadow;" 27 
Feb. 1728, "Green Pastures;" 30 Nov. 1730, "White Oak Swamp." To William Polk, 10 July 
1725, "Moneen" and "Donigal;" 10 Sept. 1725, "Romas;" 6 Mar. 1728, "Richmond;" 4 Nov. 
1735 (to William Polk and Thomas Pollitt), "Come by Chance." To Charles Polk, 14 Mar. 1728, 
"Charles Purchase;" 24 July 1733, "Second Purchase;" 2 Nov. 1730, " Charles Advantage." To 
David Polk, 14 Oct. 1730 "Plimouth;" 11 Nov. 1742, "Davids Hope." To Joseph Polk, 15 May 
1738, "Forlorn Hope Addition." To John Polk, "Dublins Advantage;" 20 Dec. 1741, "John's 
Venture." To Robert Polk, 7 July 1739, "Msirgaret's Fancy." In some of these grants the sur- 
name is given as PoUock. The total grants from 7 Mar. 1687 to 11 Nov. 1742, so far as known, 
amounted to 4,152 acres. 

tOn a Polk "Tree" of 1849 this William Polk, son of John, is given as the progenitor of the Polk 
family of North Carolina, and this statement was followed by Miss Mary Winder Garrett in her 
papers on the Polk family; but a later discovery of records in Maryland and other States shows 
that the line as given in this article is correct. Cf. Polk's " Polk Family and Kinsmen," p. 207. 

1923] The Polks of North Carolina and Tennessee 135 

of Francis and Ann (Polk) (1, vii). 3. John, h. 22 Oct. 1700; d. 29 
Oct. 1700. 
ii. Robert, b. probably in Ireland; d. between 2 Feb. 1726/7, when his 

will was dated, and 10 May 1727, when it was proved, 
iii. David, b. probably in Ireland; living 6 May 1699, when he is men- 
tioned in his father's will; probably d. intestate; probably m. 

NuTTEK, dau. of Christopher. 

2. iv. William, b. probably in co. Donegal, Ireland, about 1664. 

v. James, d. in 1727, as the probate of his will, dated 8 Nov. 1726, 

shows; m. Makt Williams, probably sister of his brother Ephraim's 

wife. He left lands to his sons David,' John, James, and Henry, and 

daughters Mary, Sarah, Elizabeth, Magdalen, Jane, and Anna. 

vi. Ephhaim, b. probably in Ireland about 1671; d. in Somerset Co., 

Md., about 1717/18, his widow giving bonds as administratrix 

of his estate on 19 Mar. 1718 [?1717/18]; m., probably about 1700, 

Elizabeth Williams, probably sister of the wife of his brother 

James. She m. (2) John Laws, and was living aa his wife in 1724. 

' . Children: 1. Magdalen,' h. in 1702. 2. Charles. 3. John. 4. Joseph. 

5. Ephraim. 

vii. Ann, d. probably before 6 May 1699, as she is not mentioned in her 

father's will of that date; m. (1) Francis Roberts, a planter, of 

Dame's Quarter; m. (2) John R.enshaw, Jr., who subsequently 

joined in her bond concerning the estate of her first husband. 

Children by first husband (surname Roberts): 1. Edward, m. his 

first cousin, Ann Polk (1, i, 2), b. 27 Jan. 1698 [?1698/9], dau. of 

John and Jane. 2. PriscUla, m. her first cousin, WiUiam Polk 

(1, i, 1), b. 11 July 1695, d. in Maryland, probably in 1726, s. of 

John and Jane. 

viii. Martha, b. in Maryland about 1679; m. (1) Thomas Pqllett of 

Somerset Co., Md.; m. (2) Richard Tull of Dame's Quarter, 

records showing that she was his wife in 1710. 

ix. Joseph, b. in Maryland about 1681; d. in 1752, aged 71 years; m. (1) 

Wright, dau. of Col. Thomas (as is shown by the latter's 

will of 8 Feb. 1753); m. (2) , Uving when her husband made 

his will. He did not change his surname to Polk, as his brothers 

did, but adhered to the older form. Pollock. By his mother's will, 

dated 7 Apr. 1726, he received the estate called Moneen, in Ire- 

j land, and lived in Ireland for several years. Then he evidently 

I disposed of his estate there, and returned to Maryland. His 

i brother Robert, in his will of 2 Feb. 1726/7, devised to him "part 

i of Forlorn Hope . . . and likewise a certain tract of land called 

5 Bally Hack," and on 15 May 1738 he acquired from Lord Balti- 

? more land called "Forlorn Hope Addition." In his will, dated 12 

• Sept. 1751 and proved 10 Jime 1752, he mentions his son Robert 

PoUock, his youngest son James Pollock, his eldest daughter Ann 

Pollock, his son Zephaniah PoUock, and his (the testator's) 

"beloved wife." Children by first wife: 1. Robert.' 2. Ann. 

Children, probably by second wife: 3. Zephaniah. 4. James. 

Perhaps another daughter or other daughters. 

2. William^ Polk {Robert''-), born probably in co. Donegal, Ire- 
land, about 1664, died probably near the end of 1739, as his 
will was proved 24 Feb. 1739/40. He married first Nanct 
(Knox) Owens, widow, sister of the second wife of his 

i brother John (1, i); and secondly Gray, widow, 

i probably the mother of Allen Gray, who is mentioned in 

\ William Polk's will. 

i He lived at the old family home, "White Hall," on the East- 

1 ern Shore of Maryland. His two older sons are not mentioned 

I in his will, but they probably received their shares in his prop- 

i erty and left home after their father's second marriage. 

136 The Polks of North Carolina and Tennessee [April 

Children by first wife : 

i. Elizabeth,' b. about 1695; m. John Williams of Somerset Co., Md. 
Children (surname Williams): 1. Mary, to whom her father, in 
his will, left a tract of 100 acres of land called "Ramoth." 2. John, 
a captain in the Revolution, d. in 1798. Probably two other sons, 
who migrated to the Carolinas. 
3. ii. William, b. in Maryland, probably at "White Hall," his father's 
home, about 1700. 

iii. Chaeles, b. probably in 1703; d. between 19 Mar. 1753, when his wiU 
was dated, and 20 June 1753, when it was proved; m., probably in 
1735, Christian Matson, sister of Ralph. He built a residence 
and trading house at the North Bend of the Potomac River, and 
was known there as Charles Polk, the Indian trader. In Gist's 
Journal it is stated that his name appears in the list of Indian 
traders in 1734. On Major's map of 1737 his name is marked with 
the names of four other settlers at the North Bend of the Potomac, 
where Hancock, Md., now stands. In the spring of 1780 his son, 
Capt. Charles Polk, with his brothers William, Edmond, and 
Thomas, and their sister, Mrs. Sarah (Polk) Piety, and her chil- 
dren, travelled from Pittsburgh, Pa., to Kentucky, and settled 
there. Delilah (Tyler) Polk, wife of Capt. Charles Polk, was cap- 
tured by Indians, but was recovered. 

Children by second wife : 

iv. James, b. 17 May 1719; d. in 1770; m. (1) Mart Cottman; m. (2) 
Betty Cottman, sister of his first wife. His wiU was proved in 
Apr. 1771, in Frederick Co., Md. He and his descendants remained 
in Maryland. 

V. David, b. in 1721; d. in 1778; m. Betsey Gillis. He Uved at "White 
Hall," the old homestead of his father and grandfather. He was 
commissioned a Justice of the peace on 8 Jan. 1763, and became a 
Colonial judge for Somerset Co., Md. His children remained in 
Maryland, where his eldest son, William, was a judge of the Court 
of Appeals. This family became connected by marriage with the 
families of Lowe, Jenkins, McLane, Cox, Tilghman, Laws, and 
many other prominent families. 

vi. Jane, b. in 1723; m. James Stravtbridge. 

3. William' Polk {William,'^ Robert^), born in ^Maryland, prob- 
ably at "White Hall," his father's home, about 1700, died in 
North Carolina, "west of the Yadkin," about 1753. He 
married Margaret Taylor, who survived him. 

Apparently he and his brother Charles left home after his 
father married for the second time, and William settled in the 
vicinity of what is now Carlisle, Pa., a region then a part of 
the frontier. Later he and his family moved to Mecklenburg 
Co., N. C. 

' Children, born in Cumberland Co., Pa., near the site of the 
present Carlisle: 

4. i. William.* 

ii. Deborah, m. Samuel McLeary. 

5. iii. Thomas, b. about 1730. 

6. iv. Charles, b. 9 July 1732. 

V. Susan, m. Benjamin Alexander. Children (surname Alexander): 
1. Charles. 2. Thomas. 3. WilHam, a captain in the Revolution, 
called locally "Black Bill." A.Susan. S.Benjamin. G.Taylor. 

vi. Margaret, m. Robert McRee of Mecklenburg Co., N. C. Children 
(surname McRee): 1. William. 2. Debora. S.James. A.Susan. 
5. Dinah. 6. Margaret. 7. Thomas. 8. Harriet. 9. Rachel. 10. 
William. 11. Mary. 

1923] The Polks of North Carolina and Tennessee 137 

7. vii. John, b. probably about 1739. 

8. viii. EzEKiEL, b. 7 Dec. 17^7. 

4. William* Polk (WiUiam,^ William,^ Robert), born in Cumber- 

land Co., Pa., near the site of the present CarUsle, probably 
went with his father to North Carolina. He married twice; 
but the names of his wives and the number of his children are 

Children (order of birthsTuncertain) : 

i. Thomas,* b. probably in North Carolina; d. at what is now Gibraltar, 
N. C, in 1842; m. Maht Shelby of the Chesterfield (S. C.) dis- 
trict, sister of Reese and Thomas Shelby. He Hved first on Watson's 
Creek, but later removed to Richardson's Creek, settling at the 
place called Little Mountain. Afterwards the settlement became 
known as Polk's Mountain, and, in 1880, as Gibraltar. Children: 
1. Shdby,* d. in 1847: m. Winifred Colburn; emigrated to Ten- 
nessee in 1813 ;"seven children. 2. Andrew. 3. Thomas, i. Job. 5. 
Hannah. 6. Dicy. 7. Patsy. 8. Mary. 9. Elizaheth. 

ii. John, lived on Crooked Creek, in that part of Anson Co., N. C, 
which is now Union Co, Later he moved to South Carolina. 

iii. EzEKiEL, of North Carolina, d. in 1791. He was ensign in a regiment 
of United States Infantry 3 June 1790 (Heitman's Historical Regis- 
ter and Dictionary of the United States Army, vol. 1, p. 796). , . 
Perhaps other children. 

5. Brig. Gen. Thomas* Polk (William,^ William,^ Robert^), born 

in Cumberland Co., Pa., near the site of the present Car- 

hsle, about 1730, died at Charlotte', N. C, 26 June 1794. 

i He married in 1755 Susanna Spratt, daughter of Thomas, 

! who was probably the first white settler in Mecklenburg 

\ Co., N. C. 

Thomas Polk was a surveyor, and settled near the site of the 
i present Charlotte, N. C. He was elected to the North Carolina 

I Assembly, and remained a member of that body almost con- 

I tinuously from 1766 to 1776. He was a trustee of Queen's 

; College, the first institution for the education of the young in 

i Charlotte. He was an instigator and signer of the so-called 

I Mecklenburg Declaration of 1775. On 19 Apr. 1776 he was com- 

\ missioned as colonel in the Continental Line, and was assigned 

] to Colonel Moore's brigade, at Wilmington, N. C. In the 

; spring of 1777 he joined Washington in New Jersey, was 

1 assigned to Lord Stirling's division, and was in active service 

under Washington until 10 Feb. 1778. He commanded the 
escort of the Liberty Bell, when, Philadelphia being threat- 
ened, the Bell was removed to Bethlehem, Pa. In the later 
years of the Revolution he served in the Southern States, and 
. attained the rank of brigadier general. After the War he hved 
at his old home in Charlotte, received Lafayette when the 
■ latter visited that city, and gave a dinner foY him at his home, 

; at which the principal men of the county were entertained. 

j For his services in the Revolution he received a land warrant 

■: from the North Carolina Assembly for lands in what was then 

; Davidson County, now the State of Tennessee; he also bought 

1 up many land warrants of soldiers from North Carohna in the 

I Continental Line, and went to Tennessee and located them. 

I - ■ 


138 The Polks of North Carolina and Tennessee [April 

The original land warrant for his services was presented to the 
State of Tennessee by one of his descendants, George Washing- 
ton Polk of San Antonio, Tex., and is now preserved in 
' the State Archives. 

Children : 

i. Thomas,' a lieutenant in the Revolution, killed at the Battle of 
Eutaw Springs, S. C, 8 Sept. 1781; d. unm. 
9. ii. William, b. in Mecklenburg Co., N. C, 9 July 1758. 

iii. EzEKtEL, lost at sea. 
10. iv. Chables, b. near Charlotte, Mecklenburg Co., N. C.,'about 1762. 

V. Maegabet, m. Nathaniel Alexander, Governor of North Caro- 
lina from 1805 to 1807. No issue. 

vi. Mary, m. David Brown. Three children, all of whom died in child- 

vii. Martha, m. Dr. Ephraim Brevard, a prominent patriot of 
Mecklenburg County, N. C, who served in the Revolution. Child 
, (surname Brevard): 1. Mary, m. Dickinson of South Caro- 

lina; she left one chUd, James Polk, who was lieutenant colonel in 
Butler's regiment in the Mexican War and was mortally wounded 
at the Battle of Churubusco, 20 Aug. 1847. 

viii. James, m. Moore, dau. of Colonel Moore. No issue. 

6. Capt. Charles* Polk (William,^ William,^ Robert^), born in 
I Cumberland Co., Pa., near the site of the present Carhsle, 

9 July 1732, died in Mecklenburg Co., N. C, 10 Mar. 1821. 
I He married first, in Mar. 1762, IMaey Clark, born in Jime 

I 1744, died 8 Oct. 1776; and secondly, 5 Feb. 1782, Philopena 

I Helms, born 10 June 1764, died 12 Jan. 1849. 

I About 1750 he migrated with his parents to North Carolina. 

: When he grew to manhood, he acquired lands in Mecklen- 

I burg Co., and Uved there until his death. 

I He was a heutenant, 7 June 1766, in Capt. Adam Alexander's 

I company of militia (the Clear Creek Company), as is proved 

I by a recorded list of that company. He took an active part in 

I the Revolution, served in the campaign against the Scotch 

i Highland Tories, and was captain of the Brunswick Light 

I Horse. The pension granted his widow for his Revolutionary 

i services was for "five months' service as Captain of Cavalry, 

I nine months as Captain of Infantry, and nine months and 

nineteen days as Captain of Cavalry." The record also states 

that he served under Lieut. Col. William Polk and that he was 

a brother of Gen. Thomas and of John and Ezekiel Polk. 
His will, recorded in Mecklenburg Co., N. C, names as his 

executors his brother-in-law, Rev. Jacob Helms, and his son, 

George Washington Polk. 
Children by first wife : 

i. Peggy,' b. 25 Dec. 1764; m. William Freeman, b.'24 June 1765. 

ii. John, b. 17 Nov. 1766; m. Esther Pool. He migrated to Hardeman 
Co., Tenn. 
1 iii. Deborah, b. 10 Dec. 1768; m. Gideon Freeman, b. 12 July 1769. 

[ iv. Thomas, b. 28 Feb. 1771; m. Keziah Prior, b. 18 Feb. 1763, d. in 

t 1842. He migrated to Hardeman Co., Tenn. 

I 11. V. Michael, b. in Mecklenburg Co., N. C, 20 June 1774. 

I vi. Mary, b. 24 Sept. 1776; m. John Brooks. 



I ■ • 



1923] The Polks of North Carolina and Tennessee 139 

Children by second wife: 
12. vii. Chables, b. in Mecklenburg Co., N. C, 15 Mar. 1784. 

viii. William, b. 10 Apr. 1786. He migrated to Hardeman Co., Tenn., 

and his later history has not been traced, 
ix. Susanna, b. 19 June 1788. 

X. EzEKiEL, b. 9 June 1791. He migrated to Hardeman Co., Tenn. 
xi. Mahtha Washington, b. 4 May 1794; m. Moses Shelby. They 

moved to Tennessee. 
xii. Geokgb Washington, b. 18 Sept. 1799; m. 4 Dec. 1823 Mabgahet 
Gakman, b. 10 May 1804. Children: 1. Martha," b. 6 Oct. 1824. 2. 
Phehe, b. 10 June 1826. 3. Charles H., h. 23 Apr. 1828. 4. Mary S., 
b. 2 Mar. 1830. 5. John P., b. 12 May 1832. 6. Tabitha, b. 28 Feb. 
1 1834. 7. William S., b. 18 Feb. 1836. 8. James, b. 17 Jan. 1838. 

I 9. Henry M., b. 22 Dec. 1840. 10. George W., b. 27 Sept. 1841; 

' d. 6 Jime 1851. 11. Margaret, b. 3 June 1843. 12. Alphonso, b. and 

d. 11 July 1845. 
xiii. Eleanor, b. 16 Jan. 1804. 

7. Capt. JoH>f^ Polk (William,^ William,'^ Roherf), bom in Cum- 
berland Co., Pa., near the site of the present Carlisle, probably 
i about 1739, died probably early in 1785, as on 9 Sept. of that 

1 year the Assembly of North Carolina issued Land Warrant 

{ No. 2149 "to the heirs of John Polk" for " 1000 acres of land 

I within the limits of the land reserved by law for the officers 

I and soldiers of the Continental line of this State." He married, 

I 2 Oct. 1758, Eleanor Shelby, daughter of Gen. Evan,* 

John Polk went with his parents to Mecklenbiu-g Co., N. C, 
about 1750, and in a deed of 1763, on file at Charlotte, he is 
styled "a planter." BSs wife "Elloner" joined with him in 
signing a deed in the same county in 1764. His name is given 
as the author of a petition in 1765 to the Governor and Council, 
complaining, with his neighbors, of the acts of the chief agent 
of the large Selwyn grant, on which they lived. On 7 June 1766 
he appears as a member of the Clear Creek Company of mi- 
litia, commanded by Capt. Adam Alexander, in which his 
older brother Charles (6) was a Ueutenant. By acts of the 
General Assembly of the Province in 1766, 1771, and 1773, he 
was made a member of commissions charged with laying out 
roads to connect the western counties with Wilmington and 
Brunswick Co. He was an officer in Col. Francis Locke's regi- 
ment, which was raised to meet the Loyalists then gathering, 
and which fought a few days later at the Battle of Ramseur's 
Mills. At various times he served as captain in the militia of 
that region, when it was called out by the Conmiittee of Safety. 

*Gen. Evan Shelby was born in Carnarvonshire, Wales, about 1720, and died at his home at 
Sapling Grove, Tenn., 4 Dec. 1794. He came with his parents, Evan and Catherine (Davies) 
Shelby, to Maryland, where they settled near the North Mountain. He married first Letitia Cox, 
who died in 1777, aged 54 (tombstone record), and was buried at Charlottesville, Va.; and secondly 
Isabella EUiott. He lived for a time near Salem, N. C. He was present at Braddock's defeat as a 
captain of Rangers, was a captain in the French and Indian War that followed, and served through- 
out the war under General Forbes. After his superior officers had been killed or disabled in the 
battle with the Indians at Point Pleasant, Va., 10 Oct. 1774, he assumed command in the field and 
routed the enemy. In 1779 he led a successful expedition against the Chickamaugas. He was 
made a brigadier general in the Militia of Virginia. For his standing as a man, officer, and states- 
man see Roosevelt's "Winning of the West." His children were: 1. Eleanor, m. Capt. John Polk (7). 
2. Sxisanna. 3. John. 4. Isaac. 5. Evan. 6. Moses. 7. James. 8. Catherine. Mary Shelby, a kins- 
woman of Eleanor, m. Col. Adam Alexander. 

140 The Polks of North Carolina and Tennessee [April 

An affidavit concerning the service of Capt. Charles Polk (6), on 

file in the Pension Office in Washington, contains a declaration 

■ that John Polk was appointed Indian Agent for the Catawba 

Indians. By the efforts of local officers in North Carolina 

these Indians were kept friendly during the Revolution, but 

'they were not wards of the Government.* 

Children : 

13. i. Chahles,* b. in Mecklenburg Co., N. C, 18 Jan. 1760. 

14. ii. John, b. probably in Mecklenburg Co., N. C, in 1767. 
iil. Shelby. 

15. iv. Taylor, b. in North Carolina about 1780. 

V. Eleanor. Her place in the list of children is uncertain. Perhaps she 
d. young. 

8. Col. Ezekiel* Polk (William^, William,^ Robert^) , born in Cumber- 
land Co., Pa., near the site of the present Carlisle, 7 Dec. 1747, 
died near BoUvar, Hardeman Co., Tenn., 31 Aug. 1824, and 
was buried in Riverside Cemetery. He married first, in 
Mecklenburg County, N. C, about 1769, Mary Wilson, 
who died probably before 1790, daughter of Samuel ;t sec- 
ondly, probably, Bessie Davis, although some say that her 
name was PoUy Campbell; and thirdly, in Maury Co., Tenn., 
in 1812 or 1813, Sophia (Neelt) Lennard, daughter of 
James Neely, 

He was taken by his parents to Mecklenburg Co. , N. C. , about 
1750, and, when he came to manhood, acquired considerable 
property there. The official records show that he was clerk 
of Tiyon Co. (now abolished^), N. C, in 1770-1772. Some 
time between 1772 and 1775 he moved across the border and 
settled in York Co., S. C, west of the Catawba River. There, 
in 1775, he was Ueutenant colonel of the Twelfth Regiment of 
South Carohna MUitia, for the New Acquisition District, § a 
district largely settled by the overflow from Mecklenburg 
Co. In 1775 the Provincial Congress of South Carolina estab- 
lished the Council of Safety, and authorized the organization 
of three regiments of troops; and on 18 June 1775 Ezekiel 
Polk was made captain of the second company in the regiment 
commanded by Colonel Thompson, and proceeded to march to 
Ninety-Six. On 28 July 1775 Captain Polk and his company 
returned to their homes in York Co., and he became active as 
lieutenant colonel in the miUtia of his district; but that his 
company of Rangers was held intact, although the men were 
allowed to return to their homes, is clear from a first return of 
the company, covering the period from 18 June to 7 Oct. 1775, 

*For information about the services of John Polk see Colonial Records of North Carolina and 
State Records of North Carolina. 

fSamuel Wilson came into the Mecklenburg region about 1752. He was a man of high education 
and of considerable wealth, and was visited there by his kinsman. Sir Robert Wilson. His first 
wife was Marj' Winslow, daughter of Moses and Jean (Osbourne) . His third wife was Margaret 
Jack. His daughter Violet married Maj. John Davidson. (History of Mecklenburg Co>inty, p. 10, 
by Dr. J. B. Alexander.) 

JBecause of the unpopularity of William Tryon, at one time the royal governor of North 
Carolina, the General Assembly of North Carolina, in 1779, abolished Tryon County and out of 
its territory organized two new counties, Lincoln and Rutherford. 

§Cf. South Carolina in the Revolution, p. 12. 

1923] The Polks of North Carolina and Tennessee 141 

- which shows that its personnel was the same when it was 
called back into service on 21 Aug. as when it was first recruited 
in June and July. He was in command of this company of 
Rangers in the "Snow" campaign against the Tories in the 
back district. About the time when the British abandoned 
their attempts to take Charleston, the Indians and Tories on 
the western frontier began to make raids and to massacre; and 
Colonel Thomas's regiment of militia, with that of Colonel 
Neil, of which Ezekiel Polk was lieutenant colonel, was sent 
against them. In three months the Patriots were victorious, 
and the, troops returned home and were disbanded. After 
^ CornwaUis's retreat from Mecklenburg Co., N. C, Captain 
Polk did not return to York Co., S. C, where his property had 
been confiscated by' the enemy, but made his home on Sugar 
Creek, in Mecklenburg Co. After Sumter was made brigadier 
general and was authorized to raise regiments in South Caro- 
■ lina to cooperate with General Greene, one of these regiments 
was placed imder the command of Ezekiel Polk.* From this 
time to the end of the War he continued to serve under Sumter 
and in the militia, except for several months in 1781 or 1782 
which he spent in Pennsylvania. 

Shortly before 1790 he migrated with his family to the 
Western District, as Tennessee was then called, where he had 
acquired large tracts of land by the purchase of land warrants 
from Revolutionary soldiers. In 1790 Governor Blount 
appointed him justice of the peace in Tennessee Co. In 1806 
he was living in Williamson Co., Tenn., as is shown by a deed 
of gift of 300 acres of land on Carter's Creek to his daughter 
MatUda, wife of John Campbell. In 1811 he was a member 
I of the grand jury formed to "inquire into the body" of Maury 

I Co., Tenn. In 1820 he moved, with his sons Samuel and Wil- 

s . liam and his sons-in-law Col. Thomas Jones Hardeman and 

i Thomas McNeal and their families, and founded the first 

• white settlement in Hardeman Co., Tenn., which was named 

[ for his pioneer son-in-law; and there he died. 

1 Children by first wife : 

'; 16. i. Thomas* (twin), b., probably in Tryon Co., N. C, 5 Dec. 1770. 

ii. Matilda Golden (twin), b. 5 Dec. 1770, it is supposed, as she is 
called "twin of Thomas" in early Polk records and his birth date 
is known to be as here given; d. at Springfield, Mo., 20 Sept. 1853; 
m. (1) 3 May 1792 John Campbell, b. in Pennsylvania, d. in 1816, 
being lost on a trading trip (on which cotton and molasses were 
loaded on barges) down the Mississippi to New Orleans; m. (2) in 
Maury Co., Tenn., in Dec. 1821, Philip Jenkins. In 1835 she and 
' her children migrated from Maury Co., Tenn., to Missouri, and 

I settled near Springfield. Her first husband served in the Revolu- 

tion as a Ueutenant of Artillery in Capt. Mott's company, in the 
! Second North Carohna Regiment, commanded by Charles Lamb. 

I His will is dated 21 Apr. 1816, and he died within two months after 

j that date. Children byfirst husband (surname Camp6eH):tl-^^«wi/> 

I*Cf. SmUh Carolina Historical aruL Genealogical Magazine, vol. 2, p. 105, and Year Book, City 
of Charleston, 1899, pp. 25, 37, 49. 
; tin addition to the children whose names are here given, there were other children of this mar- 

I riage who died young. 


142 The Polks of North Carolina and Tennessee [April 

b., probably in Mecklenburg Co., N. C, 21 Mar. 1795; m. Joseph 
Miller; three children, perhaps more. 2. Robert, b., probably in 
Mecklenburg Co., N. C, 5 July 1797; d. at Columbia, Tenn., 1 
Dec. 1852; m. his second cousin, Elizabeth Polk (14, v), b. 9 Oct. 
1796, d. at Columbia, Term., 8 July 1856, dau. of John and Eliza- 
beth (Alderson); on the records of Maury Co., Tenn., this Robert 
Campbell is called Robert, Jr., to distinguish him from his father^s 
brother, Robert, Sr.; eight children, the seventh of whom, Matilda 
Jane, b. in Maury Co., Tenn., 10 Sept. 1826, d. at Danville, Ky., 
15 June 1894, m. in Maury Co., Tenn., 4 July 1848, Washington 
Curran Whitthorne, s. of Jarvis and Eliza Joyce (Wisener), who was 
b. in Marshall Co., Tenn., 19 Apr. 1825, d. at Columbia, Tenn., 21 
Sept. 1891, was graduated at East Tennessee University in 1843, 
studied law at Columbia under Hon. James Knox Polk, was a 
member of the State Senate, 1855-1858, speaker of the Tennessee 
House, 1859, a presidential elector, on the Breckinridge ticket, in 
1860, adjutant general of the State in the Civil War, and (his 
disabihties having been removed by act of Congress in 1870) a 
Democratic representative in the Fortj'-second and in the five 
succeeding Congresses (1871-1883), was appointed and subse- 
quently elected United States Senator, as a Democrat, for the 
unexpired term of Howell E. Jackson, served as senator from 16 
Apr. 1886 to 4 Mar. 1887, and was a representative in the Fiftieth 
and Fifty-first Congresses (1887-1891). 3. Eliza Eugenia, b., 
probably in Mecklenburg Co., N. C, 24 May 1800; d. at Car- 
ter's Creek, Tenn., 27 July 1856; m. 8 Jan. 1819 Abden Indepen- 
dence Alexander, b. 4 July 1798, d. 1 Oct. 1868, s. of Eliazer (b. 
23 Nov. 1763) and Margaret (Carter) (b. 19 Sept. 1770); eleven 
children. 4. Ezekid Madison, b. in Mecklenburg Co., N. C, 21 
July 1802; d. in Polk Co., Mo., 22 Sept. 1874; m. in Maurv Co., 
Tenn., in 1821, Rebecca Patton Adkins, b. in 1800, d. in 1876; 
ten children, of whom two, James Madison and Robert Bruce, 
served in the Confederate Army, the latter dying in that service. 
5. John Polk, b. in Mecklenburg Co., N. €., 29 Mar. 1804; d. at 
Tallequah, Indian Territory, 28 May 1852- m. in Maury Co., 
Tenn., 28 May 1827, Louise TerriU Cheairs, dau. of Nathaniel and 
Sarah (Hall); he served imder General Price in the Mexican War, 
attaining the rank of major in Colonel Doniphan's regiment; ten 
children, of whom four served in the Confederate Army, viz., John 
Nathaniel, a captain in the Thirtieth Mississippi Infantry, Leoni- 
das Adolphus Cadwallader, heutenant colonel in the Third Missouri 
Infantry, and Thomas Polk and Samuel Independence, soldiers in 
the same regiment. 6. William St. Clair, h. probably in Maury 
Co., Term., 16 May 1808; d. near Humboldt River, Nev., en route 
to CaHfornia, 24 July 1852; m. (1) 20 Feb. 1826 Mildred Ann 
Blackman; m. (2) 7 July 1848 Sarah Nichol; six children (three by 
each wife), of whom the eldest, Leonidas Caldwell, was a captain 
and later a colonel in the Confederate Army. 7. Matilda Golden, b. 
in Maury Co., Tenn., 14 Apr. 1809; d. at Springfield, Mo., in Nov. 
1870; m. in Maury Co., Tenn., Stephen Blackman; seven children. 
8. Junius Tennessee, b. in Maury Co., Tenn., 24 June 1812; d. at 
Springfield, Mo., 16 Mar. 1877; m. at Springfield, 16 May 1832, 
Mary Ann Blackwell; eleven children. 9. Caroline Huntley, h. in 

Maury Co., Tenn., 14 Mar. 1814; m. Hardeman; no issue. 

10. Samuel Polk, h. in Maury Co., Tenn., 4 May 1816; d. unm. at 
Springfield, Mo., 6 July 1835. 
17. iii. Samttel, b., probably in Trj-on Co., N. C, 5 July 1772. 

iv. John, b. probably in York Co., S. C, in 1774, but according to the 
Polk Tree of 1849 he was younger than his brother William Wilson, 
who was b. 10 Sept. 1776. The Tree also shows that he had two 

1923] The Polks of North Carolina and Tennessee 143 

daughters. 1. Olivia Mary,* m. Prior, and had three chil- 
dren. 2. Angelina, m. Crawford.* 

18. V. William Wilson, b., probably in York Co., S. C, a few miles over 
the Une from Mecklenburg Co., N. C, 10 Sept. 1776. 
vi. Clarissa, b., probably in Mecklenburg Co., N. C, 25 Dec. 1782; d. 
at Bolivar, Tenn., 8 Dec. 1846; m. in Wilhamson Co. Gater Maury 
Co.), Tenn., in 1803, Col. Thomas McNEAL.f Children (surname 
McNeal): 1. Ezekid Polk, b. in Maury Co., Tenn., 6 Sept. 1804; 
d. at Bolivar, Tenn., 10 Dec. 1886; m. at BoHvar, in 1835, Anne 
WiUiams; one daughter, PriscUla, b. 5 Apr. 1836, d. unm. in 1854. 

2. Mary Eliza, h. in Maury Co., Tenn., 16 Sept. 1806; d. at Bohvar, 
Tenn., 10 Sept. 1853; m. in Hardeman Co., Term., Mark R. Roberts; 
she migrated to Fannin Co., Tex., about 1835; fourteen children. 

3. Prudence Tate, b. in Maury Co., Tenn., 29 Jan. 1809; d. at Boli- 
var, Term., 14 Aug. 1840; m. at Hatchie (now BoHvar), Hardeman 

t Co., Tenn., 9 Sept. 1823, Maj. John Houston Bills, s. of Isaac and 

Lillias (Houston) and nephew of Gen. Sam Houston of Texas; eight 
children. 4. Albert Thomas, h. in Maury Co., Term., 28 Jan. 1811; 
d. at Coffeeville, Miss., 3 Sept. 1844; m. in 1839 Mary Jane Dunlap, 

dau. of and Mary (Blair); two children. 5. Jane Frances, 

b. 11 May 1813; d. at Prairie Lea, Tex., 25 June 1852; m. at BoUvar, 
Tenn., 14 Oct., 1829, Dr. David FranMin Brown, b. 17 Mar. 1801, 
] d. 7 Nov. 1869, s. of Dr. Joseph of Giles Co., Tenn. ; she was edu- 

I cated at Miss Trumbull's school in Baltimore, Md., moved with 

; her family to Texas in 1838, and settled on the Colorado River 

I about three mQes from Bastrop; eight children, of whom Albert 

I Polk was a sergeant in Company A, Fourth Texas Infantry, Hood's 

I brigade in the Confederate Anny, was mortally wounded in the 

t • Battle of Gaines' Mills, Va., 27 June 1862, and d. unm. at Rich- 

1 mond, Va., 14 Aug. 1862, and Lycurgus McNeal, a member of the 

I same company, d. unm. in camp near Humphries, Va., 27 Dec. 

t 1861. 6. Samud L., b. in Maury Co., Tenn., 1 Dec. 1815; d. 

i unm. at Nashville, Tenn., 5 Sept. 1871. 7. Evelina Louisa, b. in 

] Maury Co., Tenn., 26 July 1818; d. at Bolivar, Tenn., 20 Oct. 

I 1855; m. (1) at Bolivar, in 1837, Erasmus McDowell; m. (2) 

f at Bolivar, in 1841, Dr. George Boddie Peters; seven children by 

\ second husband, of whom Thomas McNeal served as second lieu- 

{ tenant of Artillery in the Confederate Army (Capt. Marshall T. 

\ Polk's battery, Cheatham's division) and James Arthur, who had 

J entered the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis, Md., in 

I 1860 but had resigned from the Academy in 1861, served in the 

' Confederate Navy and later in the Confederate Army. 8. William 

Wallace, b. in Maury Co., Tenn., 28 Sept. 1821; d. at Lockhart, 
] ■ - Tex., 7 Apr. 1870; m. at Bohvar, Tenn., 26 Nov. 1844, EUzabeth 

; ' Walker Barry; he migrated to Texas soon after his marriage, and 

settled at Lockhart; two sons. 
vii. Mary, b. probably in Mecklenburg Co., N. C, about 1784; d. at Boh- 
var, Tenn., about 1830; m. in Maury Co., Tenn., about 1814, Col. 
Thomas Jokes Hardeman.} Soon after his wife's death Colonel 
Hardeman, with his children, migrated to Texas, settUng near 
Smithville, Bastrop Co., where his old home, now owned by his 
youngest daughter, still stands. He took an active part in the war 
for Texan independence, and later was a member of the Congress 
of the Republic of Texas. Children (surname Hardeman): 1. 

*A deed on file at Charlotte, Mecklenburg Co., N. C, shows that John Wilson gave land in 
Burke Co., N. C, to "my sister Mary's son John Polk." Unfortunately the early records of Burke 

' County were destroyed during the Civil War. 

■ tPhelan's History of Tennessee, p. 306, states that the first settlement in Hardeman Co. was 

made near Hickory Valley by Ezekiel Polk and his sons-in-law, Thomas McXeal and Col. -Thomas 

i J. Hardeman, and that the County Court was organized at the house of Thomas McNeal. Maj. 

', John H. Bills and Prudence McXeal were the first couple in this vicinity united in marriage under 

; the laws of civilization. 

j JOne of the first settlers in Hardeman Co., Tenn. He was a brother of Bailey Hardeman, the 

1 first secretary of war of the Republic of Texas. 

144 The Polks of North Carolina and Tennessee [April 

Thomas Monroe, b. in Maury Co., Term., 30 Oct. 1815; d. at Knox- 
ville,' Tenn., 14 Sept. 1862, while a member of Hood's brigade in 
the Confederate Army; m. in Bastrop Co., Tex., 16 Apr. 1843, Susan 
) Anna Burleson, dau. of Joseph; he was educated at Nashville, 

I Tenn., as a lawyer, returned to Texas in 1834, and was in General 

s Bvurleson's command; four children. 2. William P., b. in Maury 

I Co., Tenn., 4 Nov. 1816; d. at Austin, Tex., 8 Apr. 1898; m. (1) in 

I 1842 Rebecca Amanda Wilson, who d. 15 Oct. 1853; m. (2) at 

Prairie Lea, Tex., 27 Dec. 1857, Sarah Ann (Hamilton) Reade, who 
d. 8 Nov. 1869, dau. of John and Ann (Good) HamOton; m. (3) at 
Austin, Tex., 5 Feb. 1874, Mary Elizabeth Collins, who d. 13 Mar. 
1911 ; he migrated with his father to Texas about 1830, later served 
in the Texan Army, and attained the rank of brigadier general in 
the Confederate Army; he resided in Caldwell Co., Tex., until 1876, 
when he moved to Austin; two daughters by first wife, five chil- 
dren by second wife. 3. Owen Bailey, b. in Maury Co., Tenn., 25 
Dec. 1819; d. at Weatherford, Tex., 3 Sept. 1890; m. at Brenham, 
Tex., 30 Apr. 1849, Sarah Meredith Berry, who d. 6 Sept. 1911; 
five children. 4. Mary Ophelia, b. in Maury Co., Tenn., about 
1823; d. at Prairie Lea, Tex.; m. near Bastrop, Tex., 8 June 1841, 
Dr. James Fentress; her only son, Thomas Hardeman, b. near 
Bastrop, was killed in the Battle of Val Verde, near Albuquerque, 
N. Mex., 8 Apr. 1862, while serving in the Fourth Texas Cavalry, 
Green's brigade, in the Confederate Army. 5. Leonidas Polk, h. at 
I Bolivar, Tenn., 26 Mar. 1825; d. at Prairie Lea. Tex., 26 Feb. 1892; 

I m. at Lockhart, Tex., 8 Jan. 1852, Tullius [sic] Leonora Hamilton, 

I ' b. 16 Oct. 1834, d. 8 Jan. 1904, dau. of John A.; he served in the 

I Mexican War, enlisted 4 Feb. 1862 in the Confederate Army, was 

I • made second lieutenant, 16 May 1862, in Col. William P. Harde- 

I . man's regiment, Green's brigade, and served throughout the war, 

I attaining the rank of captain; three children. 

I viiL Louisa, b. probably in Mecklenburg Co., N. C, about 1787; d. at 

I Bolivar, Tenn., 20 Dec. 1869; m. (1) in Maury Co., Tenn., about 

1 1807, Capt. Charles Rufus Neelt, b. in Virginia about 1787, 

I . d. near Tuscumbia, Ala., in 1820; m. (2) in Hardeman Co., Tenn., 

5 Db. Clinton C. Collieb. Her first husband. Captain Neely, 

'= migrated to Tennessee when he was yoimg, and afterwards settled 

I near Tuscumbia, Ala. He attained the rank of captain in the War 

I of 1812. Children by first husband (surname Neely): 1. Rufris 

; Polk, b. in Maury Co., Tenn., 26 Nov. 1808; died at BoUvar, Tenn., 

J 10 Aug. 1901; m. at Bolivar, 18 May 1829, Elizabeth Lea, dau. of 

-; John M. and Catherine _ (McClyment) of Philadelphia, Pa.; f9r 

J several years he was register and coimty clerk of Maury Co. ; in 

I 1839, as captain of militia, he led a company to assist in removing 

I N the Indians to their new territory; he was a member of the State 

^ Legislature, 1839^0, and was brigadier general of the Militia of 

Tennessee; early in 1861 he was appointed captain of Company B, 

Fovu-th Tennessee Infantrj', Confederate Army, and in May was 

made colonel of the regiment; eleven children, b. at BoUvar, of 

whom Charles Lea was killed in the Battle of Brice Cross Roads, 

10 June 1864, while serving in the Confederate Army. 2. Mary 

Catherine, b. in Maury Co., Tenn., 16 Jan. 1811; d. at Austin, Tex., 

19 July 1896; m. at Bolivar, Tenn., 29 June 1829, William Woods 

Atwood, who d. 2 Jan. 1871; six children, of whom Rufus Neely 

enlisted in 1862 in the Confederate Army, was taken prisoner in 

Feb. 1862 at the fall of Fort Donelson, Term., and d. imm. in a 

military prison at Chicago, HI., 7 Mar. 1863. 3. Adela Clarissa, m. 

I (1) James Bell; m. (2) Thomas Chambliss; m. (3) Col. John Pope 

i • "of Memphis, Term.; one child by first husband, who d. in infancy. 

j 4. James Jackson, m. Fanny Stephens. 5. Thomas, m. Sarah Fort; 

t one child, William, d. young; perhaps other children. 6. Fanny, d. 

> unm. 7. William, d. xinm. 

1923] Rev. Cyrus Hyde Fay's Record of Marriages 145 

Children by third wife:* 

19. ix. Charles Perrt, b. in Maury Co., Term., 27 Oct. 1813. 

X. Eugenia, b. in Maury Co., Tenn.^* d. at Wilburton, Okla., 16 Oct. 
1895; m. in Hardeman Co., Tenn., Alexander Neilson. Children 
(surname Neilson): 1. Hitgh, d. unm. 2. Sarah, d. unm. 3. Wil- 
liam, d. unm. 4. Ada, d. vmm. 5 Charles, h. at Bolivar, Tenn.; d. 
at Corinth, Miss.; m. at West Point, Miss., Hattie Williams; one 
child, Charles, who d. in infancy. 6. Sophia, h. at Bolivar, Tenn.; 
m. at Corinth, Miss., George Cox; no issue. 7. Benigna Ellen, b. at 
Bolivar, Tenn., 22 Feb. 1856; m. at Corinth, Miss., 19 Nov. 1873, 
Charles Henry Reed, s. of James Crownover and Mary (Phillips) ; 
residence, McAlester, Okla.; four daughters. 

xi. Benigna, b. in Maury Co.. Tenn., 30 Jidy 1816; d. at Memphis, 
Tenn., 27 Jan. 1886; m. in Hardeman Cfo., Tenn., 18 July 1834, 
William Henry Wood, s. of Drury and Matilda (Carr). Children 
(surname Wood): 1. Mary Morton, b. at Bolivar, Tenn., 22 May 
^ 1835; m. at Bohvar. 8 July 1858, Napoleon Hill, s. of Duncan and 

Lillias Olivia (Bills); residencej Memphis, Tenn.; seven children, 
b. at Memphis. 2. Matilda, d. in infancy. 3. James, d. in infancy. 
4. Benigna Durdap, h. at Bolivar, Tenn., 27 Nov. 1843; m. at 
Memphis, Tenn., 30 July 1866, James Henry Martin, s. of John A. 
and Nancy, captain in the Seventh Tennessee Infantry, Confeder- 
ate Army; residence, Memphis; nine children. 

xii. Edwin FrrzHiTGH, b. in Maury Co., Tenn., 6 May 1818; d. at Bolivar, 
Tenn.; m. at Bolivar, 30 July 1846, Octavia Rowena Jones, dau. 
of Calvin. Children: 1. Pauline,^ d. in idfancy. 2. Octavia, b. at 
Bolivar 10 Mar. 1848: m. at Bolivar, 7 Sept. 1869, Tudor F. Brooks; 
residence, "Mecklen, near Bolivar; no issue. 

[To be continued] 


Communicated by Charles Ernest Fat, A.M., Ldtt.D., of Tufts College, Mass. 

This article gives the essential facts found in a manuscript record, 
kept by Rev. Cyrus Hyde Fay, D.D., LL.D., of the marriages 
solemnized by him during a period of more than sixty years (1840- 
1901) and in many different places. 

Cyrus Hyde Fay was born at Lebanon, N. H., 19 Nov. 1815, and 
died at Stamford, N. Y., 23 July 1903. He was educated at Norwich 
University, Vt., where he was a member of the Class of 1837, entered 
the Universahst ministry, held pastorates in Roxbury, Mass., New 
York City, Nashua, N. H., Middletown, Conn., Providence, R I., 
and Washington, D. C, and was often called on to perform the 
marriage ceremony in other places. Saint Lawrence University, 
Canton, N. Y., bestowed on him in 1887 the degree of Doctor of 
Divinity, and Norwich University in 1892 admitted him to the 
degree of Doctor of Laws, 

In preparing this record for pubHcation the words "I married," 
with which almost all of the entries begin, have been omitted, dates 
have been given with the usual abbreviations and have been trans- 

*By his second wile Col. Ezekiel Polk probably had children who died yourg. 

146 Rev. Cyrus Hyde Fay's Record of Marriages [April 

ferred from the margin to the text of the entry, and the names of 
places, often abbreviated, have been printed in full. The names of 
persons have been spelled -exactly as in the manuscript record. 
The customary abbreviations have been used for the names of 
States, and the punctuation has been revised. 

At Bridgewater, Windsor Co., Vt., July 17, 1840, Napoleon B. Southgate 

of Bridgewater and Polly Moulton of Randolph, Orange Co., Vt. 
At Woodstock, Windsor Co., Vt., Oct. 5, 1840, Walter Lyon of Detroit, 

Mich,, and Huldah E; Lake of Woodstock. 
In Roxbury,* Jan. 25, 1841, ]\lr. Daniel C. Bates and Miss Mary H. Bugbee, 

both of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, Apr. 22, 1841, Mr. Charles Pratt of Boston and Miss Sarah 

Cobb of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, May 6, 1841, I\lr. Henry R. Taylor and Miss Susan York 

In Roxbury, May 23, 1841, Mr. James T. Bicknell and Miss Caroline Newell, 

both of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, June L3, 1841, Mr. Wm. Rumrill and Miss Nancy Young, both 

of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, June 19, 1841, Mr. William Mugridge and Miss Eliza Ann 

Stephens, both of Roxbury. 
In Boston, July 4, 1841, Mr. Philander A. Jones and Miss Emily Wheeler, 

both of Boston. 
In Roxbury, Aug. 15, 1841, Mr. Hosea B. Stiles and Miss Sarah Mirick, 

both of Roxbury. 
In Boston, Aug. 27, 1841, Mr. William A. Knight of Providence, R. I., and 

Miss Ellen P. Webber of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, Aug. 29, 1841, IVIr. Benj. F. James and Miss Sarah Haynes, 

both of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, Sept. 8, 1841, Mr. Charles Leroy of Roxbury and I\Iiss Sarah 

Ann Humphrey of Brookline. 
In Roxbury, Nov. 28, 1841, Mr. Ezekiel W. Cutter and Miss Eliza S. Rich- 
ards, both of Roxbury. 
Jan. 12, 1842, Mr. Spencer Cook and Miss Almira L. Smith, both of Roxbury. 
In Dorchester, Apr. 14, 1842, Mr. James F. Twombly of Wobum and Miss 

Beulah A. EUis of Dorchester. 
In Dorchester, Apr. 28, 1842, Mr. George Rixford and Miss Sarah A. 

Harrod of Dorchester. 
In Roxbury, May 4, 1842, Mr. Ephraim Capen of Dorchester and Aliss 

Mary T. Lucas. 
In Roxbury, June 12, 1842, Mr. John Hall and IMiss Elizabeth R. Freeman, 

both of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, June 14, 1842, Mr. Henry H. Richardson and IVIiss Celia F. 

Marsh, both of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, July 3, 1842, IMr. George Reed of Newton and Miss Tabitha 

Rich of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, July 21, 1842, Mr. Ebenezer W. Scott and Miss Sarepta \\Tiite, 

both of Watertown. 
In Roxbury, Oct. 1, 1842, Mr. Daniel Spalding of Nashville, N. H., and j\Iiss 

Julia M. J. Williams of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, Oct. 2, 1842, JNlr. John F. Miller and ^Miss Harriet L. Smith, 

both of Roxbury. 

•The Roxbury named in this and the following entries is Roxbary, Mass., as appears from the 
heading placed by Dr. Fay above this section of marriages. ' 

1923] Reo. Cyrus Hyde Fay's Record of Marriages 147 

In Boston, Oct. 6, 1842, Mr. Ashley Pannlee and Miss Harriet Mudge, both 

of Boston. 
In Roxbury, Nov, 9, 1842, Mr. Oliver H. Whittemore of Sharon and Miss 

Frances M. BuUard of Roxbiuy. 
In Roxbury, Nov. 17, 1842, Mr. Wm. M. Oliver and Miss Abby J. B. Far- 

rington, both of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, Dec. 11, 1842, Mr. Augustus Allen and Miss Adeline Smith, 

both of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, Jan. 1, 1843, Mr. Robert J. Douglass and Miss Elizabeth Cox, 

both of Boston. 
In Roxbury, Mar. 2, 1843, Mr. William Seaver and Miss Martha P. Went- 
worth, both of Roxbury. 
I In Roxbury, Mar. 26, 1843, Mr. Eben H. Folsom and Miss Harriet B. Bell, 

I both of Roxbury. 

In Roxbury, May 11, 1843, Mr. George B. Monroe and Miss Sarah B. 

Massy, both of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, May 28, 1843, Mr. Josiah M. Russell and Miss Susan M. 

Haynes, both of Roxbiuy. 
In Roxbury, June 18, 1843, Mj. John Parker and Miss Rebecca Yoimg, both 
i of Roxbury. 

.; In Roxbury, July 16, 1843, Mr. William 0. Wallis of Chelsea and Miss 

I Elvena S. Tapley of Danvers. 

\ In Roxbury, Oct. 5, 1843, Mr. Joseph Cheney and Miss Abby Brown, both 

I of Roxbury. 

I In South Boston, Nov. 26, 1843, Mr. Stephen Gulliver of Dorchester and 

f Mrs. Mary Downing of South Boston. 

In Roxbury, Nov. 29, 1843, Mr. John Bery and Miss Catharine M. Smith, 

both of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, Nov. 30, 1843, Mr. John F. Estabrook of Westborough and 
Miss Mary E..Drew of Roxbiuy. 
5 In Roxbury, Dec. 27, 1843, iNlr. George Delano and Miss Emeline Delano, 

I both of Dorchester. 

I In Roxbury, Jan. 24, 1844, ^Mr. Willard Hawes of Boston and Miss Susan M. 

I Withington of Roxbury. 

I In Roxbury, Apr. 24, 1844, Mr. Edmund Fisher and Miss Isabella Savage, 

j both of Roxbury. 

-• In Roxbury, May 5, 1844, Mr. Thaddeus BuUen of Boston and Miss Emily 

; H. Page of Roxbury. 

• In Roxbury, May 19, 1844, I^Ir. Wm. Barton and Miss Harriet A. Everett, 

. both of Roxbury. 

! In Roxbury, June 2, 1844, Mr. Nelson Worthen and Miss Hannah Young, 

both of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, Jime 9, 1844, Mr. Hewett Tolman of Marshfield and Miss 

Betsey Small of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, Jime 9, 1844, Mx. Augustus C. Swasey of Roxbury and l:Ahs& 

Sarah Ann Gove of Cambridge. 
In Roxbury, July 7, 1844, Mr. Elijah Grooms and Miss Elizabeth Stevenson, 
: both of Roxbury. 

In Roxbury, July 14, 1844, Mr. George Roberts and Miss Louisa Hood, 
both of Roxbury. 
; In Roxbury, July 29, 1844, Mi. Charles Wells and Miss Abby Crush, both 

; of Roxbury, 

J In Roxbury, Aug. 26, 1844, Mr. Wm. C. Twombly and Miss Phebe Brad- 

i bury, both of Roxbury. 

i In Roxbury, Sept. 1, 1844, Mr. Joseph W. Foster and Miss Rebecca W. 

i McLane, both of Roxbury. 

VOL. Lxxvn. 10 

148 Rev. Cyrus Hyde Fay's Record of Marriages [April 

In Roxbury, Sept. 8, 1844, Mr. Robert Ferguson and Miss Julia A. Wyman, 

both of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, Sept. 10, 1844, Mr. John N. Peavey and Miss Olive N. Bunker, 

both of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury-, Oct. 6, 1844, Mr. Charles G. Philbrick and Miss Eliza M. 

Pinkham, both of Boston. 
In Roxbury, Oct. 7, 1844, Mr. John G. Wilkinson and Miss Ellen Brown, 

both of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, Oct. 13, 1844, Mr. John Hatch and Miss Martha A. Davis, 

both of Roxbury. 
In Boston, Oct. 13, 1844, Mr. Gilbert Pannlee and Miss Mary E. Richardson, 

both of Boston. 
In Roxbuiy, Oct. 17, 1844, Mr. George Young and Miss Elizabeth C. 

Rumril, both of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, Nov. 14, 1844, Mr. John W. Blanchard and Miss Louisa P. 

Barbour, both of Roxbury. 
In Dorchester, Nov. 25, 1844, Mr. Le^i F. Snow of Dorchester and Miss 

Abby L. Calder of Boston. 
In Roxbury, Dec. 5, 1844, Mr. James H. Barnard of Waterbury, Conn., and 

Miss Mary N. Goss of Newton. 
In Brooklyn, N. Y., Dec. 22, 1844, Mr. Robert M. Pollock and Miss Mary 

Louisa Fumald, both of Brooklj-n. 
In Brooklyn, N. Y., Dec. 22, 1844, Mr. Henley D. Allen and Miss Ann 

Maria Rider, both of BrookljTi. 
In RoxDury, Jan. 9, 1845, Mr. Mark E. Hodgdon and Miss Phebe Jane 

Getchel, both of Boston. 
In Lowell, Jan. 25, 1845, Mr. Thomas C. Dorsay and Miss Emeline Davis, 

both of Lowell. 
In Roxbury, Feb. 6, 1845, Mr. Theodore A. Sampson and Miss Emily 

Litchfield, both of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, Feb. 16, 1845, Mr. Wm. H. Harlow and Miss Catharine R. 

Hawes, both of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, Feb. 27, 1845, Mr. Cyrus Monroe and Miss Sarah E. Mitchell, 

both of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, Mar. 6, 1845, Mr. Francis Albert Newton and Miss Mary 

Jane Hastings, both of Boston. 
In Roxbiuy, Mar. 9, 1845, Mr. George W. Cobb and'^iss Mary L. Stanton, 

both of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, Mar. 30, 1845, Mr. John L. Stanton and Miss Fanny L. Hast- 
ings, both of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, Apr. 1, 1845, Mr. Edwin Litchfield and Miss Mary E. Pearson, 

both of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, Apr. 13, 1845, Mr. Andrew H. Smith and Miss Caroline Colby, 

both of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, Apr. 20, 1845, Mr. James ISL Coye and IMiss Frances E. AUen, 

both of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, Apr. 22, 1845, Mr. Wm. H. Ivers and Miss Lucy Jane Allen, 

both of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, May 11, 1845, Mr. Edwin Hatch of Acton and Miss Margaret 

J. W. Fuller of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, June 8, 1845, Mr. James D. BuUock and Mrs. Olive Gale, both 

of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, June 23, 1845, Mr. Ephraim Chaddock and IMiss Hannah 

Ware, both of Dorchester. 
In Roxbury, June 29, 1845, Mr. Greenleaf T. Lougee and Miss Mary A. 

Parsoqs, both of Roxbury. 

1923] Rev. Cyrus Hyde Fay's Record of Marriages 149 

In Roxbury, Aug. 14, 1845, Mr. Daniel Clapp [and] Mrs. Fanny Snell, both 

of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, Aug. 31, 1845, Mr. Christopher S. Mills of Boston and Miss 

Sarah E. Laughton of Roxbury. 
In New York City, Sept. 11, 1845, Mr. James Davenport and Miss Sarah 
I A. A. WiswaU, both of Roxbury, Mass. 

In Boston, Oct. 19, 1845, Mr. George W. C. -Washburn of Livermore, Me., 

and ]Mis3 Diana P. Parmlee of Boston. 
In Boston, Oct. 26, 1845, Mr. Henry A. Robinson and Miss Rebecca F, 

Anderson, both of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, Oct. 28, 1845, Mr. Martin Eddy and Miss EUzabeth W. Clough, 

both of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, Dec. 20, 1845, Mr. Benj. F. Perry and Miss Emily A. Leighton, 
both of Roxbury. 
> In Roxbury, Mar. 8, 1846, Mr. WilUam Carlyle and Miss Mary B. Forbes, 
both of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, Apr. 23, 1846, Mr. Robert Morgan and Miss Sarah Osgood 

Johnson, both of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, Apr. 30, 1846, Mr. WiUiam Gill and Miss Isabella Richardson, 
; both of Roxbury. 

\ In Roxbury, May 14, 1846, Mr. Charles B. Bryant and Miss EUzabeth S. 

; WUHams, both of Roxbury. 

'; In Dorchester, May 20, 1846, Mr. Samuel Maxfield, Jr., of Roxbury and 

-. Miss Sarah E. S. Frost of Dorchester. 

I In Dorchester, June 4, 1846, Capt. George M. Famum of Boston and Miss 

• Catharine D. Harod of Dorchester. 

j In Roxbury, June 7, 1846, Mr. Samuel T. Drake of Roxbury and Miss 

5 Ehzabeth A. Hyland of Manchester, N. H. 

I In Boston, Sept. 7, 1846, Mr. Moses A. Getchell and Miss H. Sophia Parmlee, 

I - both of Boston. 

i In Roxbuiy, Nov. 5, 1846, Mr. Andrew Jackson Cobb and Miss Eliza Ann 

I Mackintosh, both of Roxbury. 

I In Roxbury, Nov. 19, 1846, Mr. John M. Marston and Miss Ellen M. 

I Richardson, both of Roxbury. 

i In Roxbury, Dec. 5, 1846, Mr. Silas Estabrook and Miss Sarah J. Burton, 

] both of Boston. 

I In Roxbury, Dec. 17, 1846, Mr. Daniel M. Black of Roxbury and Miss 

i Emeline D. Bates of Providence, R. I. 

; In Roxbury, Dec. 24, 1846, Mr. AIon2;o Josselyn and Miss Caroline A. 

": Morse, both of Roxbury. 

• In Roxbury, Dec. 24, 1846, Mr. Frankhn WiUiams and IVIiss Mary Elizabeth 

Seaver, both of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, Dec. 25, 1846, Mr. Joseph Q. Twombly and Miss Susan F. 

Trask, both of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, Jan. 7, 1847, Mr. Charles M, Clark and IMiss Sarah A. Head, 

both of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, Jan. 17, 1847, Mr. Charles H. Ryan and Miss Mary E. Ward, 

both of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, Jan. 20, 1847, Mr. Thomas K. Pahner and Mrs. Sarah Richards, 

both of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, Apr. 18, 1847, Mr. Joseph Warren Cobb and JMiss Mary Ann 

Withers, both of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, May 19, 1847, Mr. James B. Dana of Brighton and Miss Lucy 

B. Peck of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, May 23, 1847, Mr. Lyman L. Parmlee of Boston and Miss 
Susan Hill of Waterford, Vt, 

150 Rev. Cyrus Hyde Fay's Record of Marriages [April 

In Roxbury, May 27, 1847, Mr. Daniel Le Better and Miss Elizabeth J. 

Fowl, both of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, June 3, 1847, Mr. Charles D. Bowman of Boston and Miss 

Sarah H. Smith of Waltham. 
In Roxbury, June 27, 1847, Mr. Thaddeus C. Craft of Baltimore, Md., and 

Miss Sarah J. Newman of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, July 13, 1847, Mr. Isaac F. Nute of Boston and Miss Charlotte 

A. Hager of Charlestown. 

In Roxbury, July 14, 1847, Mr. WiUiam A. Norton of Boston and Miss 

Margaret W. Kendrick of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, July 22, 1847, Mr. Consider A. Southworth of Stoughton and 

Miss Serena Field of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, Sept. 8, 1847, Mr. John V. Woodhouse and Miss Harriet J. 

White, both of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, Sept. 24, 1847, Mr. John Brough and Miss Mary Kite, both of 

In Roxbury, Sept. 29, 1847, Mr. David K. Foster and Miss Lucy W. Tucker, 

both of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, Oct. 17, 1847, Mr. Samuel L. White of Roxbury and ^liss 

Orinda I. Keller of Lowell. 
In Roxbury, Oct. 31, 1847, Mr. Nathan MerriU of Watertown and IMiss 

Amanda Brown of Brighton. 
In Roxbury, Nov. 9, 1847, Mr. Jeremiah Blake and Miss Eliza A. W. Evans, 

both of Roxbiu-y. 
In Roxbury, Nov. 18, 1847, Mr. George K. Goodwin of Dover, N. H., and 

Miss Sarah Louisa Winslow of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, Nov. 24, 1847, Mr. Hawley Folsom of Acton, Me., and Miss 

Lucy S. Corporal of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, Nov. 28, 1847, Mr. Frederick E. Wright of Cambridge and Miss 

Anna C. BeU of Roxbiuy. 
In Roxbury, Dec. 26, 1847, Mr. William Ewell and Miss Lovey Gowell, 

both of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, Jan. 9, 1848, Mr. Josiah Richardson and Mrs. Hannah M. 

Wentworth, both of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, Jan. 9, 1848, Mr. James T. White of Roxbury and Miss Delia 

. F. Drake of Newton. 
In Roxbury, Jan. 23, 1848, Mr. Isaac S. Burrill and Miss Maria A. Newell, 

both of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, Jan. 23, 1848, Mr. Abijah Richardson of Turner, Me., and 

Miss Caroline Williams of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, Mar. 19, 1848, Mr. Francis P. Beverstock and ISIiss Laura 

Ann Wheeler, both of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, Apr. 23, ,1848, Mr. George S. Head of Roxbury and Miss Susan 

B. Chase of Stratham, N. H. 

In Roxbury, June 1, 1848, Mr. James Porter and Miss Maria Williams, both 

■ of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, June 4, 1848, Mr. George Frost of Charlestown and Miss 

Elizabeth A. Pearson of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, June 4, 1848, Mr. Charles D. Swain and jMiss EUza S. Newman, 

both of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, June 8, 1848, Mr. Charles Williams and Miss Hannah M. Rust, 

both of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, June 13, 1848, Mr. Cahdn Bird and Miss Mary H. Gulliver, 

both of Dorchester. 
In Dorchester, June 15, 1848, Mr. Edward A. Dammers and INIiss Sarah E. 

Mears, both of Dorchester. 

1923] Rev. Cyrus Hyde Fay's Record of Marriages 151 

In Roxbury, Oct. 15, 1848, Mr. George H. Burton and Miss Hannah D. 

Pierce, both of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, Nov. 4, 1848, Mr. Isaiah Pahner of Roxbury and Miss Margaret 

A. Langmaid of Nottingham, N. H. 
In Brookline, Nov. 22, 1848, Mr. Sylvester Kimball and Mrs. Nabby Ward, 

both of Brookhne. 
In Roxbury, Nov. 25, 1848, Mr. George Hazelton and Miss Ann MiUer, both 

of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, Nov. 30, 1848, Mr. Nathaniel B. Harlow and Miss Lydia 

Dunham, both of Bridgewater. 
In Roxbury, Dec. 10, 1848, Mr. George Sherive and Miss EUzabeth A. 

Francis, both of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, Dec. 30, 1848, Mr. Ebenezer Hubbard and Miss Nancy Yates, 

both of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, Jan. 1, 1849, Mr. Gushing Webber and Miss Ellen L. Everett, 

both of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, Jan. 17, 1849, Mr. Samuel R. Farmer and Miss Betsey Abbot 

of Ossipee, N. H. 
In Roxbury, Jan. 24, 1849, Capt. Johnathan Hassam of Manchester and 

Miss Mary Smith of Roxbury. 
In Roxbury, Feb. 8, 1849, Mr. George Dixon and Miss EUzabeth C. Daven- 
port, both of Boston. 
In the City of New York, May 13, 1849, Mr. David Miller and Miss EUza 

Vandawater, both of New York. 
In the City of New York, May 14, 1849, Mr. James A. Lucas and Miss 

Amanda M. Martin, both of New York. 
In New York City, Aug. 8, 1849, Mr. James M. Parker and Miss Sarah 

Louisa Fisher, both of New York. 
In New York, Oct. 14, 1849, Mr. Jacob L. Myers and Miss Mary Frances 

Buckley, both of New York. 
In New York, Nov. 15, 1849, Mr. Jeremiah Carhart and Miss Lydia Van 

Brunt of Troy. 
In New York, Nov. 27, 1849, Mr. Walter H. Smith and Miss Mary Cover, 

both of New York. 
In New York, Dec. 26, 1849, Mr. Henry Craft of Norwalk, Conn., and Miss 

Mary Jane Hoyt of Darien, Conn. 
In New York, Mar. 3, 1850, Mr. George Holsey of Rochester and Miss 

Sarah E. Foote of Pittsfield, Mass. 
In New York, Apr. 18, 1850, Mr. Wilbor B. Waite and Miss Annette Tileston, 

both of New York. 
In New York, Apr. 25, 1850, Mr. Joseph W. Wittenberg of Washington, 

D. C, and Miss Lydia A. Lloyd of Long Branch, N. Y. [sic]. 
In New York, May 14, 1850, Mr. WiUiam Young of New York City and 

Miss EUen Jane Fosdick of Orange Co. 
In New York, June 5, 1850, Mr. Charles M. Gillet and Miss Lousa C. 

Gassart, both of New York. 
In New York, June 18, 1850, Mr. Warren (Marion?) Waite Turner and 

Miss Mary (Ann) Ballantine, both of New York. 
(Two or three not recorded here because their names are lost.) 
In New York, Oct. 6, 1850, Mr. R. F. Powers and Miss Rhoda C. Kidd, 

both of New York. 
In New York, Oct. 15, 1850, Mr. Wm. A. Murdock and Miss Frances E. 

ScanUn, both of New York. 
In New York, Oct. 28, 1850, Mr. V, W. Potter of Chicago, 111., and Miss 

EUza Conely of this city. 
In this city (New York), Oct. 29, 1850, Mr. Gideon Foimtain and Miss 

Mary E. Beech, both of New York. 

152 Rev. Cyras Hyde Fay's Record of Marriages [April 

In New York, Nov. 13, 1850, Mr. Spencer Stedman and Miss Sylva D. 

Swasey, both of New York. 
In New York, Mr. Edward S. Smith of Philadelphia, Pa., and Miss Charlotte 

S. Eaton of New York. This marriage took place between Feb. and 

Aug. 1850. 
In New York, Apr. 28, 1851, Mr. Charles C. J, Beck and Miss Phebe A. 

Ketchum, both of New York. 
In this city (New York), Apr. 29, 1851, IMr. Joshua S. Jones and Miss Abbey 

Conklin, both of this city. 
In New York, May 8, 1851, Mr. Joseph A. Starr and Miss Susan A. Law- 
rence, both of New York. 
In New York, May 22, 1851, Mr. Edwin Mershan and Miss Mary Frances 

Boyd, both of New York. 
In this city (New York), June 26, 1851, Mr. Azor Hoyt and Miss Mary A. 

Smith, both of this city. 
In this city,* July 31, 1851, Mr. Alfred Bemey and Miss Matilda A. Chamber- 
lain, both of New York. 
In this city, Oct. 1, 1851, Mr. Alpheus Peck and Miss Louisa A. Steitz, both 

of New York. 
In this city, Oct. 8, 1851, Mr. Robert Onderdonk and Miss Sarah J: Mills, 

both of New York. 
In this city, Oct. 8, 1851, Mr. John R. Sydam and Miss Elizabeth Schoon- 

maker, both of New York. 
In this city, Oct. 8, 1851, Mr. George H. Reed and Miss Sarah J. Conklin, 

both of New York. 
In this city, Oct. 23, 1851, Mr. Edward Gocha of Conastota, Oneida Co., 

and Miss Sarah Jane Haws of Kinderhook, N. Y. 
In this city, Nov. 24, 1851, Mr. George W. Yoimg and Miss Mary Ann Wilt, 

both of New York. 
In this city, Dec. 3, 1851, Mr. Edward Philips, Jr., and Miss Anne E. Asten, 

both of New York. 
In this city, Dec. 8, 1851, Mr. James Annett of Brooklyn, L. I., and Miss 

Maiy C. S. Burdett of New York. 
In this city, Dec. 17, 1851, Mr. John Graham TiUey of New York City and 

Miss Maria Amelia Seamens of Flushing, L. I. 
In this city, Jan. 26, 1852, Mr. Theodosius Himt and Miss Margaret 

Campbell, both of New York. 
In this city, Feb. 17, 1852, IMr. Albert P. Houghton and Miss Rebecca 

Cusser, both of New York. 
In this city. Mar. 8, 1852, Mr. Edward Holly and Miss Ester Hayes, both 

of Newark, N. J. 
In this city, Mar. 18, 1852, Mr. Edwin N. Dodge of Buffalo and Miss Caroline 

P. Tibbets of this city. 
In this city. Mar. 28, 1852, Mr. James W. Trask and Mrs. Llartha C. 

Arment, both of New York. 
In this city, Apr. 15, 1852, Mr. James Gushing, Jr., and Miss Mary Jane 

Fairchild, both of New York. 
In this city. May 28, 1852, Mr. Wm. Burnish and IVIiss Mary Jane Broad- 
hurst, both of New York. 
In this city, June 28, 1852, Mr. James Y. Watkins, Jr., and IMiss Jane Eliza 

Fordham, both of New York. 
In this city, July 4, 1852, Mr. George W. Warren and IMiss Lucinda' W. 

Stetson, both of New York. 
In this city, July 11, 1852, Mr. David Alston Decker and Miss Emily Julia 

Soulleyet, both of New York. 

•In this and the following entries, as far as and including the entries of Sept. 1, 1S53, the 
words "this city" refer to New York City. 

1923] , Rev. Cyrus Hyde Fay's Record of Marriages 153 

In this city, Aug. 5, 1852, Mr. Charles R. Reed and Miss Josephine V. 

Berlin, both of New York. 
In this city, Aug. 11, 1852, Mr. Andrew Mitchell and Miss Sarah Jane Clark, 

both of New York. 
In Brooklyn, Aug. 18^ 1852, Mr. Asa Prindle and Miss Catharine McFarlan, 

both of Brookljm. 
In this city, Aug. 28, 1852, Mr. Geo. W. Sammis and Miss Harriet J. Horton, 

both of Huntingdon, L. I. 
In this city, Sept. 1, 1852, Mr. Wm. J. Murphey and Mss Mary Eliza Mason, 

both of New York. 
In this city, Sept. 1, 1852, Mr. Nelson F. Tyler and Miss Henrietta S. Watson, 

both of New York. 
In this city, Sept. 20, 1852, Mr. Michael Dumsday and Miss or Mrs. Eliza 

V. Carroll, both of New York.. 
In this city, Oct. 3, 1852, Mr. George Loveland of Berlin, Conn., and Miss 

Mary Jane Williamson of Maine. 
In this city, Oct. 4, 1852, Mr. John H. Lane and Miss Lavina Lucas, both of 

this city. 
In this city, Nov. 26, 1852, Mr. David Moulton of Maine and Miss EUzabeth 

J. Wentworth of New York. 
In this city, Dec. 8, 1852, Mr. Joseph T. Porter and Miss Adelia B. Guernsey, 

both of New York. 
In this city, Dec. 13, 1852, Mr. Francis Mallony and Miss Mary Hayner, 

both of New York. 
. In this city, Dec. 22, 1852, Mr. James B. McAllister and Miss Rebecca W. 

Murdock, both of New York. 
In this city, Feb. 2, 1853, Mr. William H. Selleck and Miss Mary Ann 

Langton, both of New York City. 
In this city, Mar. 20, 1853, Mr. George Henry Higgins and Mrs. Hannah 
W. Osbom, both of New York. 
I In this city, Mar. 20, 1853, Mr. Selleck W. Waring and Mrs. Catharine W. 

i Schenck, both of this city. 

i In this city, Apr. 25, 1853, Mr. Jules Peret and Miss Georgianna Francis, 

I both of New York. 

I In this city, I\Iay 11, 1853, Mr. Daniel Garrison and Miss Phebe A. Scott, 

J both of New York. 

.; In this city. May 19, 1853, Mr. Thomas Fred Thomas and Miss Mary 

I Chichester, both of this city. 

j In this city, Sept. 1, 1853, Mr. Frederick (G) (or Theophil, as afterwards 

i written) Vettircke, aged 42 years, dyer of sUk and woolen goods, and 

I Mrs. Aurelia J. Blake, aged 33 years, both of New York. 

In this city, Sept. 1,.1853, Mr. Samuel Dunbar, aged 24 years, agent of a 

■» boarding house, and Miss Margaret Johnson, servant girl, aged 21 years. 

In New York City, Sept. 26, 1853, Mr. William Dally Hohnes, trunk and 

box maker, aged 25 years, and iliss Martha Elizabeth Cook, dressmaker, 

aged 26 years, both of New York. 

In New York City, Oct. 18, 1853, Dr. J. T. Whittle and Miss Amanda Roby, 

i both of Nashua, N. H. 

In this city,* Oct. 5, 1853, Mr. Charles G. Saxton of New York City and 
I Miss Arabella E. Burke of Nashua. 

! In this city, Oct. 6, 1853, Mr. Constantine W. Adams and Miss Louisa M. 

I Emery, both of Sherburne, Vt. 

1 [To be continued] 

I 'In this and the following entries, as far as and including the entry of Sept. 12, 1855, the words 

• " this city" refer to Nashua, N. H. 

154 Proceedings of the N. E. Hist. Gen. Society [April 


By Henry Edwards Scott, A.B., R.ecording Secretary 

Boston, Massachiisetts, 3 January 1923. A stated meeting of the Society was 
held in Wilder Hall, 9 Ashburton Place, at 2.30 P.M., President Chase presiding. 

On motion of Johp Albree it was 

Voted, That the reading of the minutes of the December meeting be omitted, that said minutes 
be approved as the records of the December meeting, and that the reports of the Corresponding 
Secretary, Librarian, and Council be read by title only. 

This was done, and the above-mentioned reports were accepted and ordered on 
file, the report of the Council showing that since the December meeting members 
of the Society had been elected as follows: 

Resident Members 
Hon. Charles L. BmriU of Boston, Mass. 
Mrs. Charles Langley of Poplar Bluff, Mo. 
Thomas V. Wooton of Allston, Mass. 

Newell Cutler Bullard, M. D., of North Attleborough, Mass. 
George Thurston Spicer, M. D., of Providence, R. I. 
. Mrs. Delmar J. Miller of Stockton, Calif. 
Howard Goodell Thompson of Walla Walla, Wash. 
Ehza R. Greenwood of New York City. 
Phineas Warren Sprague of Boston, Mass. 
In accordance with the custom of the Society the membera and their guests, 
at the request of the President, rose while the report of the Historian, containing 
the names of deceased members, was read, and this report was then accepted and 
ordered on file. 

The C^air then presented, as the speaker of the afternoon, Allan Forbes of 
Boston, who entertained the large number present with an interesting and humor- 
ous informal talk on A Visit to Boston and Dedham, Old England. Mr. Forbes 
exhibited many beautiful pictiu^s of the two English towns whose names mean 
so much to New England people, and showed also a few views of the international 
polo matches in England, which he attended, and of some of the devastated 
regions in France, which he visited. 

On motion of Albert Henry Lamson a vote of thanks was extended to Mr. 
Forbes for the delightful afternoon which he had provided for the Society. 

Charles French Read, Clerk of the Bostonian Society, called the attention of 
those present to the fact that in connection with the recent celebration of the 
two-hundredth anniversary of the founding of the Old North Church (Christ 
Church) on Salem Street, Boston, some bricks and tiles from the Guild HaU in 
Boston, England, had been received, and that they had been laid in the pavement 
of the vestibule of Christ Church. 

No further business being presented, the Chair, at 3.45 P.M., declared the 
meeting dissolved, and invited the members of the Society and their friends to 
remain for the usual social hour. 

7 February. The annual meeting of the Society was held this day, for a report 
of which see the Supplement to the present number of the Register. 

7 March. A stated meeting of the Society was held in Wilder HaU, 9 Ashburton 
Place, at 2.30 P.M., President Chase presiding. 

The minutes of the annual meeting were read and approved, and the reports 
of the Corresponding Secretary, Librarian, Historian, and Coimcil were accepted, 
the Council reporting that, in recognition of the twenty-fifth anniversary of the 
first admission of women to membership in the Society, it had elected as Honorary 
Member of the Society Caroline Hazard, M.A., Litt.D., LL.D., of Peace Dale, 
R. I., a Resident Member from 1899 to 1919, afterwards a Life Member, and the 
first woman to be elected to Honorary Membership in the Society. The Council 
also reported that since the annual meeting othjer members of the Society had 
been elected as foUows: 

1923] Proceedings of the N. E. Hist. Gen. Society 155 

Life Member 

Maria Patten Hamlen of South Byfield, Mass. 
Resident Members 
V Nelle Elizabeth Rea of CoffeyviUe, Kans. 

Mrs. William F. Hunt of Staten Island, N. Y. 

Julian Hazelhurst Walter of Newark, N. J. 

Mrs. Fred W. Culver of Saginaw, Mich. 

Delano Wight of Brookline, Mass. 

Mrs. Elmer Ellsworth Beall of Greenfield, Ohio. 
- James F. Bigelow of Marlborough, Mass. 

Mrs. S. H. Bruce of Garrettsville, Ohio. 

Mrs. William F. Brooks of New Britain, Conn. 
. The Chair then presented, as the speaker of the afternoon, H. Augustine Smith, 
A.M., Professor of Fine Arts in Religion, Boston University School of Rehgious 
Education and Social Service, who annoimced that, since the inclement weather 
had prevented many members and their friends from attending the meeting, he 
would, at the suggestion of the Committee on Papers and Essays, read this after- 
noon only a part of his paper, The Early Music of America, but that it was expected 
that an opportunity would be afforded at a later date for the Society to hear the 
whole of what he had prepared on this subject. Professor Smith then proceeded 
to describe, in a most interesting manner, the early religious and patriotic music 
of America, and some of the melodies of the Colonial days were rendered in a very 
pleasing manner by the lecturer and his three assistants (one man and two women) 
from the Boston University School of Religious Education and Social Service. 

On motion a vote of thanks was extended to Professor Smith and his able 
assistants for their instructive and entertaining work. 

No further business being presented, the President, at 3.20 P.M., declared the 
meeting dissolved, and refreshments were served in the adjoining tea room to the 
small niunber of members and guests who were present. 

4 April. A stated meeting of the Society was held in Wilder Hall, 9 Ashburton 
Place, at 2.30 P.M., Alfred Johnson, Vice President for Maine, presidjng. 

In the absence of the Recording Secretary the Chair appointed Mrs. Florence 
Conant Howes Recording Secretary pro tempore. 

The minutes of the March meeting were read and approved, and the reports 
of the Corresponding Secretary, Librarian, Historian, and Council were accepted, 
the Council reporting that since the March meeting members of the Society had 
been elected as follows: 

Liife Members 

Mrs. Walter C. Baylies of Boston, Mass. 

Mrs. John W. Farlow of Boston, Mass. 

Susan Cheever Gould of Boston, Mass. 

Mrs. Walter Hines Page of Boston, Mass. 

Mrs. Alden Augustus Thorndike of Boston, Mass. 

Mrs. Charles Simmer Bird of East Walpole, Mass. 

Mrs. Robert, Manton Burnett of Southborough, Mass. 

Mrs. Melvin O. Adams^of Boston, Mass. 

Lydia Hammond Gale of Albany, N. Y. 
Resident Members 

Mrs. Mildred G. Griswold of Missoula, Mont. 

Harold Murdock Taylor of Somerville, Mass. 

Mrs. Clarence Foster Hand of Philadelphia, Pa. 

Mrs. Edward W. Hutchins of Boston, Mass. 

Mrs. W. Basil King of Cambridge, Mass. 

Mrs. Oscar lasigi of Boston, Mass. 

Mrs. Godfrey Lowell Cabot of Cambridge, Mass. 

Mrs. Charles F. Leland of Boston, Mass. 

Mrs. Walter B. Nye of Chestnut Hill, Mass. 

Mrs. John Gardner Coolidge of Boston, Mass. 

Mrs. Richard Henry Dana of Cambridge, Mass. 

Annie L. Sears of Boston, Mass. 

MaryP. Sears of Boston, Mass. 

156 Proceedings of the N. E. Hist. Gen. Society [April 

Mrs. William Norton Bullard of Boston, Mass. 

Mrs. Charles Archibald Kidder of Boston, Mass. 

Mrs. John Clark Jones of Brookline, Mass. 

Mrs. Henry V. Greenough of Brookline, Mass. 

Mrs. Robert Treat Paine of Boston, Mass. 

Mrs. M. A. De Wolfe Howe of Boston, Mass. 

Mrs. Richard M. Saltonstall of Chestnut Hill, Mass. 

Margaret Bromfield Slade of Boston, Mass. 

Mrs. James Cunningham Gray of Boston, Mass. 

Mrs. Arthur W. Moors of Boston, Mass. 

Katherine Horsford of Cambridge, Mass. 

Caroline Parkman Cordner of Boston, Mass. 

EUzabeth P. Cordner of Boston, Mass. , 

Mrs. William Famsworth of Boston, Mass. 

Mrs. Edwin A. Rogers of Boston, Mass. 

Mrs. William Allen Newell of Brookline, Mass. 

Mrs. Thomas B. Gannett of Cambridge, Mass. 

Mrs. John Livingston Grandin of Boston, Mass. 

Mrs. David Cheever of Boston, Mass. 

Mrs. Reginald Heber Fitz of Boston, Mass. 

Mrs. Charles Davis, Jr., of Boston, Mass. 

Mrs. George Reed of Boston, Mass. 

Mrs. William Blodget of Chestnut Hill, Mass. 

Mrs. Charles R. Sanger of Cambridge, Mass. 

Mrs. David S. Greenough of Jamaica Plain, Mass. • 

Mrs. William Alexander Gaston of Boston, Mass. 

Mrs. George A. Goddard of Boston, Mass. 

Mrs. Arthur P. Nazro of Jamaica Plain, Mass. 

Mrs. Frederick Dabney Stackpole of Boston, Mass. 

Mrs. Alfred M. Tozzer of Cambridge, Mass. 

Mrs. Henry O. Houghton of Boston, Mass. 

Mrs. Frederic J. Cotton of Boston, Mass. 

Mrs. Arthur S. Johnson of Boston, Mass. 

Mrs. Frank Gair Macomber of Boston, Mass. 

Mrs. Arthur H. Dakin of Boston, Iilass. 

Dora Spalding of Boston, Mass. 

Mrs. Edward Cabot Storrow of Needham, Mass. 

Mrs. John G. Walker of Boston, Mass. 

Bertha H. Vaughan of Cambridge, Mass. 

Mrs. James Means of Manchester, Mass. 

Mrs. Albert Thorndike of Boston, Mass. 

Mrs. Warren B. P. Weeks of Boston. Mass. 

Mrs. Francis R. Spalding of Manchester, Mass. 

Mrs. Edwin Sibley Webster of Boston, Mass. 

Mrs. Richard Wheatland of Boston, Mass. 

Florence Tate of Tate, Ga. 

Mrs. Ward Thoron of Danvers, Mass. 

Mrs. Frederic Tudor of Boston, Mass. 

Mrs. George E. Barnard of Ipswich, Mass. 

James Jay Wilson of Cornwall, Conn. 

Mrs. Hosea Starr Ballou of Brookline, Mass. 

Mrs. Stoughton Bell of Cambridge, Mass. 

Mrs. Thomas Kennedy of Normal, 111. 

Mrs. Ralph Hornblower of Boston, Mass. 

Mrs. Albert Felix Schmitt of Cambridge, Mass. 

Mrs. Samuel Hoar of Boston, Mass. 

Mrs. Samuel D. Warren of Boston, Mass. 

Mrs. Charles Fanning Ayer of Boston, Mass. 

Mrs. William H. Bowker of Boston, Mass. 
The Chair then presented, as the speaker of the afternoon, Edward Howard 
Griggs, A.M., L.H.D., LL.D., public lecturer and author, whose subject, Litera- 
ture and American Culture, was treated with the briUiancy, sweetness, and schol- 
arliness which always characterize this master of modem lecturer^. 

1923] Notes 157 

Enthusiastic applause attested the appreciation of the audience, and, on 
motion of Desmond FitzGerald, a vote of thanks was extended to Dr. Griggs 
for his stimidating message. Mr. FitzGerald also spoke briefly in defence of 
specialization in art, in opposition to Dr. Griggs's plea for less specialization in all 

This led to further remarks by the Chairman and Dr. Griggs, after which the 
Chair, at 4.15 P.M., declared the meeting dissolved, and invited the naembers 
and guests to linger for a social hour, although the customary tea was omitted. 


It having come to the attention of this Society that certain geneal- ' 
ogists and publishers have used the name of the Society in con- 
nection with their own enterprises, the Society again desires to 
state that it has NO genealogical representatives in this country 
or in England, nor is it in any way coimeeted with any publications 
other than those that it issues over its own name at 9 Ashburton 
Place, Boston. 

Cushman-Fhazee. — In an article entitled "A Grandson of Elder Thomas 
Cushman and Some of His Descendants," which was published in the Register, 
vol. 72, pp. 10-16, it was proved that Thomas' Cushman of Plymouth and Plymp- 
ton, Mass., eldest child of Elder Thomas' Cushman of Plymouth in New England 
I ' and his wife, Mary (Allerton), and ^andson of Rxiberti Cushman (the weU- 

I known agent of the Leyden Pilgrims m England), had, by his first wife, Ruth 

I (Howland), besides two other children, a son named Thomas, and in that article 

} one line of the descendants of this last-named Thomas was traced to the present 

I day. In regard to David' Cushman (6, i), eldest child of Thomas* and Mary 

I (Frazee) of Elizabeth, N. J., the statement was made (p. 15) that he was born 

I 3 Oct. 1764, married 22 June 1788 Dorcas Morris, and died 13 Dec. 1839, that 

I he lived in the latter part of his life in Mason Co., Ky., and that he had issue. 

\ In this note are given the children of David and Dorcas (Morris) Cushman and 

I also some descendants of David's daughter Ann, by her second husband, Joseph 

* Frazee. 

I Children of David' and Dorcas (Morris) Cushman:* 

i i. Thomas,8 b. 16 Oct. 1796; d. 26 Jan. 1851; m. Mart Kilgoee, b. 17 

May 1802, d. 7 June 1880. 
ii. Ann, b. in Mason Co., Ky., 12 Oct. 1798; d. 11 Aug. 1851; m. (1) 

Hollidat; m. (2) near Germantown, Mason Co., Ky., 22 

Apr. 1834, Joseph Frazee, b. 15 Sept. 1794, d. 7 Aug. 1870. For her 

children by her second husband see below, 
iii. Joseph, m. Sallee Hess. 

iv. Mary, m. (1) Mannen; m. (2) Richard Kjrk. 

V. Eliza, m. Rudolph Black. 

Children of Joseph and Ann (Cushman) (Holliday) Frazee: 
i. Joseph Thomas, b. in 1834; d. 15 Oct. 1899; m. 20 Oct. 1857 Amanda 

M. Gordon, b. 16 Oct. 1834, Uving at Flemingsburg, Ky., in 1922. 

ii. Rebecca, d. when a small child. 

'■ iii. John Morris, of Germantown, Ky., Weston, Mo., and Maysville, 

; Ky., b. 13 Aug. 1838; m. at Lancaster, Ky., 18 Nov. 1869, Eliza 

Jennings Lusk, b. at Lancaster 17 Aug. 1846. "They were both 

; . living at MaysviUe in 1922. Children: 1. Anna Cushman, b. at 

I *Dorcas (Morris) Cushman died la Mason Co., Ky., about 1848. Herhusband, David Cushman, 

• also died in Mason Co. 

158 Noles ' . [April 

Germantown, Ky., 28 Nov. 1870; living at Maysville, Ky., in 
1923; m. at Maysville, 20 Feb. 1895, Posey Dixon Ball, b. at Cary- 
don, Ky., 16 Jan. 1865, d. at Henderson, Ky., 28 May 1898; one 
daughter (posthumous), Francis Dixon, b. 3 Feb. 1899, living at 
Maysville in 1922. 2. Frances Lusk, h. at Germantown, Ky., 19 
Dec. 1874; m. at Maysville, Ky., 28 May 1912, Henry Lloyd; 
both living at Lexington, Ky., in 1922; one child, Henry, b. at 
Lexington 6 June 1916, living there in 1922. 
iv. David Cushman, b. 17 Sept. 1842; m. 23 Nov. 1869 Mabia Lee, b. 
13 Mar. 1847. They were both living at Lexington, Ky., in 1922. 

These statements as to the descendants of David and Dorcas (Morris) Cush- 
man are supported by an affidavit of my father, John Morris Frazee, sworn to 
and subscribed before a notary pubUc in Mason Co., Ky., 16 Sept. 1922, and 
furnish an additional contribution to the history of the westward migration of 
some of the descendants of the Pilgrims. 

Maysmlie, Ky. Anna Cushman (Frazee) Ball. 

"Bethlehem (Conn.) Vital Records. — A letter in the writer's possession, 
dated "Bethlem Feb 12th 1814," contains certain vital records of the winter of 
1813-14 which are probably not in print, since the Bethlehem records published 
in Cothren's "History of Woodbiuy," vol. 3, contain no entries of marriages 
between 1812 and 1832. The Sssential part of the letter foUows: 

"mariage has become fashonable in our town this fall and winter mr Stephen 
Scoot to miss Carialine frisby mr James Tryon to miss Lucenda frisby mr Benj° 
frisby to Polly An Dickeson Amos Bishop to miss permilia hine Cap* Knap to 
miss Bitsey Ludenton . . . and many more it is healthy in our tqwn this winter 
not many Deaths one in our neighbourhood miss Rebecca Stilson Daughter of 
Abel Stilson of tifus feavor . . . Decon Smith has gone to new Connetticut to be 
gone till Next fall and if he likes to stay for always ... we have had such an ice 
storm as the oldest man liveing Cant Remember it has Broke frute treas very 
much forrest treas are break ven' much Cap* Doolittle thinks he has at the least 
computations two hundred loads of wood down and a great part of his Best 

Mount Carmd, Conn. Donald Lines Jacobus. 

Historical Intelligence 

Herald BY. — The Committee on Heraldry of the New England Historic 
Genealogical Society strongly recommends that all coats of arms which can be 

proved to be authentic be offered for record 
with this Society. The arrangements for the 
making and preservation of such records are 
complete, and the volume of recorded arms has 
been begun by the entry therein of a number of 
weU-authenticated coats. Printed forms and 
directions for the making of applications may 
be obtained from the Committee, and aU com- 
mimications on this subject should be addressed 
to the Committee on Heraldry, New England 
EEistoric Genealogical Society, 9 Ashburton 
Place, Boston. 

Without taking any position with reference to 
the propriety of assummg arms, the Committee 
will be glad to examine arms or heraldic devices 
which any person or organization desires to as- 
sume, and give advice as to whether the same are heraldically correct or whether 
they violate a right of exclusive use heretofore acquired by others. 

1923] Recent Books 169 


[The Editor particularly requests persons sending books for listing in the Reqisteb to state, for 
the information of readers, the price of each book, with the amount to be added for postage when 
sent by mail and from whom it may be ordered. For the January issue, books should be received 
by Not. 1; for April, by Feb. 1; for JiUy, by May 1, and for October, by July 1.] 


Booth genealogy. Booth genealogy including allied families representing the 
American ancestry in the Booth line of the compiler. By Henry Slader Booth. 
Randolph, Vt., 1923. 116 p. 8° Price, $5.00 paper; $6.00 cloth. Address 
Henry S. Booth, Randolph, Vt. 

"Among the allied families represented in this book are Barlow, Barnard, Brewster, Brown, 
Bull, Carter, Chalkcr, Chipman, Clement, Clough, Cobb, Cochrane, Currier, Dingley, Eames, 
Ford, Fowler, Frost, Grant, Hopkins, Howland, Huckins, Hurst, Ingham, Lewis, Mayo, Merrick, 
Morrill, Osgood, Porter, Post, Prence, Slader, Stevens, Warner, Wilder, and Williams." 

Castle, George Pannelee, ancestry. Castle [ancestry of George Parmelee 
Castle of JBonolulu, Hawaii]. By Lawrence Brainerd. Boston, Mass., 1922. 

Clements genealogy. The Clements family of Dover, N. H. By John Scales. 
n.p. 1923. 15 p. 8° 

Cockrell genealogy. The descendants of Lyttleton Cockroll, Jr., 1802-1877. 
By Elizabeth Stranahan Stevenson. [Fayette, Iowa, 1922.] 26 p. 12° Address 
Mrs. W. B. Stevenson, Fayette, Iowa. 

Congdon genealogy. The Congdon Chronicle, nos. 4 and 5, October, 1921, 
and January, 1922. 8° Price 25 cents per copy. Address G. E. Congdon, 

I Grafton, Vermont, 


Gavet genealogy. Philip Gavet of Salem, Mass., and some of his descendants. 
By Joseph Gavit. Boston, Mass., 1923. 27 p. 8° Reprinted from the 
Register for January, 1923. 

Gibbs genealogy. The Gibbs family bulletin, no. 3, January, 1923. n. p. 1923, 
38 p. pi. por. 8° 

Gove genealogy. The Gove book, history and genealogy of the American 
family of Gove and notes of European Goves. By William Henry Gove. Salem, 
Mass., Sidney Perley, 1922. 2+690 p. fcsm. pi. por. 8° Price $10.00 cloth; 
$15.00 half-morocco. Address Sidney Perley, Salem, Mass. 

Grout genealogy. Capt. John Grout of Watertown and Sudbury, Mass., and 
some of his descendants. A contribution toward a genealogy of the Grout and 
allied families with special reference to the line of Henry Whittemore Grout of 
Waterloo, Iowa. By Elizabeth E. Boice Jones. Published by Henry Whitte- 
more Grout. Waterloo, Iowa, 1922. 124 p. geneal. tab. pi. por. 8° 

Henry genealogy. Henry, Ruffin, and other genealogies. By Dr. Reginald 
Buchanan Henry, n.p. 1922. Chart. Address Dr. Reginald B. Henry, Parris 
Island, S. C. 

Contains also the Buchanan, Byrd, Carter, and Skipwith families. 

HufEmaster genealogy. Huffmaster-Hoffmeister family records. By James 
T, Huffmaster. [Galveston, Texas, Oscar Springer Print] 1922. n. p. por. 12° 

Jaquett genealogy. Supplement to genealogies. By Edward Jaquett Sellers. 
Philadelphia [Press of Allen, Lane & Scott], 1922. 2+73 p. 8° 

Contains additions to the author's genealogies of the Jaquett, Van Culemborg, Fenwick, Kolloch, 
Shepherd, and other families. 

Jones genealogy. Samuel Minot Jones, the story of an Amherst boy [includ- 
ing his ancestry]. Amherst, Mass., 1922. By Charles S. Walter, Pres. of the 
Amherst Historical Society. Amherst, Mass., 1922. 100 p. fcsm. pi. por. 8° 

Morte}^ genealogy. The Morteyns of Marston and Tillsworth [Bedfordshire, 

160 Recent Books [April 

England]. By G. Andrews Moriarty, A.M., LL.B. Exeter, William Pollard & 
Co. Ltd., 1922. 12 p. 8° Reprinted from The Genealogist, N. S., vol. 38, 1922. 

Parke genealogy. Parke coats of arms. Parks Records, vol. 3, pt. 8. By 
Frank Sylvester Parks. Washington, D. C, 1922. 8 p. il. pi. 8° Price $3.00. 
Address F. S. Parks, 1G09 Hobart St., Washington, D. C. 

Reynolds genealogy. The Reynolds Family Association of America, 1892- 
1922. Thirty-first aimual reoort. By Mrs. Anna C. Ripoier, Secretary. His- 
torical Collections edited by Marion H. Reynolds, A.B. Brooklyn, N. Y., Press 
of the Brooklyn Eagle, 1922. 280 p. fcsm. il. map pi. por. 8° 

Rich genealogy. Early Rich history and ancestry of Jonathan Rich, Jr., 
Ft. Covington, N. Y. By George Rich. n. p. 1922. 46 p. 8° 

Russell genealogy. The ancestors and descendants of Abel Russell, Revolu- 
tionary soldier from Westford, Mass., and Fayette (Starling Plantation), Me., 
comprising one of the lines of descent from William and Martha Russell, of Cam- 
bridge in Mass., who came to America from England about the year 1640. By 
Arthur J. Russell and Mrs. S. R. Child. Minneapolis, Press of Augsburg Pub- 
lishing House, 1922. 42 p. pi. por. 12° 

Shedd genealogy. Shedd family, ancestry of Miriam Symonds Shedd. By 

Charles Levi Shedd. Arlington, Mass., 1922. Charts. Address Charles L. 

Shedd, 116 Jason St., Arlington, Mass. Corrections and additions welcomed. 

Blueprint copies, chart A, 1920 to 450 A. D., $5.00 each; chart B, 450 A. D. to 

I 4000 B. C, $5.00 each. Black line on white charts, price on application. 

I Sherman genealogy. Sherman genealogy in the direct line from Thomas 

« ' Sherman, I (1443-1493), through Rev. John Sherman, VII (1613-1685), to John 

I Sherman, XII (1796-1869), and all his descendants: also all children of the direct 

I line who came to or were bom in New England, and many of their descendants: 

also mention of other Sherman lines. By Charles Pomeroy Sherman. Atlantic 
City, Brooks & Idler, 1922. [2]+68p. 16° 
Teall genealogy. Descendants of Oliver TeaU and allied families. By Dora 
I Pope Worden. Ithaca, N. Y., 1922. 13 p. pi. por. 8° 

I Tenney genealogy. Tenney [ancestry of George Parmelee Castle, son of Hon. 

I Samuel Northrup Castle and Mary (Tenney) of Honolulu, Hawaii]. By Law- 

J. rence Brainerd. Boston, Mass., 1922. Chart. 

I Wing genealogy. The OwL Vol. 23, nos. 1-4, 1921-1922. Kewaunee, Wis., 

f published by the Wing family of America, incorporated. 4° 


I Greenwood, John, Revolutionaiy services. The revolutionary services of 

• John Greenwood of Boston and New York, 1775-1783. Edited from the original 

\ manuscript with notes by his grandson, Isaac J. Greenwood. New York, 1922. 

I 22-1-155 p. fcsm. pi. por. 8° 

j Lafayette, Marie Jean Paul, Marquis de, memoir. General Lafayette. A 

I sketch prepared at the request of the Waterloo Observer, by William A. Wilcox, 

I member of the Waterloo Librarj' and Historical Society, for its issue reporting 

I the dedication of the Lafayette Monument and Park, June 8, 1922. n.p. n.d. 

j 8 p. 8° 

McNeill, Capt. Hector, sketch. Capt. Hector McNeill of the Continental 
Navy. By Gardner Weld Allen. Boston, 1922. 108 p. fcsm. 8° Reprinted 
from the Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society, vol. 55, 1921-1922. 

I Harvard College, Class of 1852. Annals of the Harvard Class of 1852. By 

( Grace Williamson Edes. Cambridge, privately printed, 1922. 13-f[2]-l-455 p. 

! pi. por. 8° 


(a) General 

Connecticut, State Library. State of Connecticut, public document, no. 13. 
Report of the State Librarian to the Governor for the twenty-one months ended 

1923] Recent Books 161 

June 30, 1920. Printed by order of the Legislature. Hartford, published by the 
State, 1920. 64 p. il. pi. por. 8" 

Massachusetts Court, General. Acts and resolves passed by the General 
Court of Massachusetts, in the year 1922, together with the constitution, tables 
showing changes in the statutes, etc., etc. Published by the Secretary of the 
Commonwealth. Boston, Wright & Potter Printing Co., 1922. 106+958 p. 8° 

North Carolina, Moravians in. Publications of the North Carolina Historical 
Commission. Records of the Moravians in North Carolina. Edited by Adelaide 
L. Fries, M. A., Archivist of the Moravian Church in America, Southern Province. 
Vol. 1, 1752-1771. Raleigh, Edwards & Broughton Printing Co., State Print- 
ers, 1922. 511 p. fcsm. map pi. por. 8° 

Rhode Island slave trade. A Rhode Island slaver. Trade book of the sloop, 
I Adventure, 1773-1774, from original manuscript in the Hbrary of George L. 

1 Shepley, with notes and introduction by Prof. Vemer W. Crane of Brown Uni- 

! versity. Providence, Shepley Library, 1922. [3]+10p. 4° 

United States, Civil War. Official records of the Union and Confederate 
navies in the War of the RebeUion. Published under the direction of the Hon. 
Josephus Daniels, Secretary of the Navy, by C. C. Marsh, Captain, U. S. N., 
Retired, officer in charge Naval Records and Library. Vols. 1 and 2, Series 2. 
Washington, D. C, 1921. 980+864 p. pi. por. 8° 

United States, Civil War. Official records of the Union and Confederate navies 
I in the War of the Rebellion. Published imder the direction of the Hon. Edwin 

i Denby, Secretary of the Navy, by Col. Harry Kidder WMte, U. S. M. C, Supt., 

J Office Naval Records and Library. Vol. 3, Series 2. Washington, D. C, 1922. 

I 1335 p. fcsm. pi. por. 8° 

I (6) Local 

{ Boxford (Mass.) Chronicle. The Boxford Chronicle. Vol. 1, nos. 1-6, 1922. 

\ Published on the first Wednesday of each month by the Young Men's Club. n. p. 

I 1922. v.p.S" 

I Monhegan Island, Me. The fortunate island of Monhegan. A historical 

I monograph. By Charles Francis Jenney. From Vol. 31 of the Proceedings of 

I the American Antiquarian Society. With additions. Worcester, Mass. The 

I Davis Press, 1922. 78 p. map pi. 4° 

i Newington, Conn., Congregational Church. Two hundredth anniversary of 

I The Church of Christ, Congregational, Newington, Conn., September 30 and 

I October 1, 1922. n. p. 1922. 39 p. pi. 8° 

I Newport, R. I., Redwood Library. One hundred and seventy-fifth anniversary 

1 of the incorporation of the Redwood Library. Newport, R. I., 1922. 49 +[1] 

: p. fcsm. il. pi. 8° 

,; Provincetown, Mass., Universalist Church. Leaves from an old church record 

r book. By Simeon C. Smith. Boston, Universalist Pubhshing House, 1922. 

48 p. il. pi. 8° 


Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia, Historical Association. The Book of Remem- 
brance of the Historical Association of Annapolis Royal' A. D. 1921. Edited by 
the president [L. M. Fortier]. [Toronto, Can.] University of Toronto Press, 
1921. 93+[3]p. 4° Price S2. 50. Address L. M. Fortier, Annapo- 
hs Royal, Nova Scotia. 

Iowa, State Historical Society of. The Palimpsest. Edited by John C. Parish, 
Vol. 3. Pubhshed monthly by The State Historical Society of Iowa, Iowa City, 
Iowa, 1922. 8° Price 10 cts. per copy: SI. 00 per year. 

Maine Historical Society. Centennial of the Maine Historical Society, April 
11, 1922. I. The Maine Historical Society in Brunswick, by President Kenneth 
C. M. Sills, of Bowdoin College. II. The Maine Historical Society at Port- 
land, by Hon. Augustus F. Moulton, of Portland. Portland, 1922. 51 p. 8° 

i Nebraska State Historical Society. Nebraska History and Record of Pioneer 

162 Recent Books [April] 

Days. Addison E. Sheldon, editor. Published monthly by the Nebraska State 
Historical Society. Vol. 4. Lincobi, Nebr., 1921. F° Price $2.00 per year. 

Ohio Historical and Philosophical Society. The quarterly publication of the 
Historical and Philosophical Society of Ohio. Vols. 16 and 17. Cincinnati, 
Ohio, The Abingdon Press, 1921-1922. 8° 

Royal Society of Canada, proceedings and transactions. Proceedings and 
transactions of the Royal Society of Canada. Third series, vol. 1&. Meeting of 
May, 1922. For sale by Jas. Hope & Son, Ottawa, The Copp-Clarke Co. (Limited) , 
Toronto; Bernard Quaritch, London, Eng., 1922. v. p. il. map pi. por. 4° 

, Society for the Preservation of New England Antiquities, bulletin. Old-Time 
New England. The bulletin of The Society for the Preservation of New England 
Antiquities. Vol 12, July, 1921-April, 1922. Boston, Mass., Harrison Gray 
Otis House, 1921-1922. 8° 

• Society of Colonial Wars, General. General Society of Colonial Wars. Report 
of Historian General, Jime 15, 1918, to June 4, 1921. Printed under the author- 
ity of a resolution adopted at the 36th general council meeting of the General 
Society of Colonial Wars, Hartford, Conn., Dec. 15, 1922. Office of the Historian 
General, Frank Hervey PettingeU, 639 South Spring St., Los Angeles, California. 
53 p. pi. 8° 

Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution, Samuel Ashley Chap- 
ter, Daughters of the American Revolution, Claremont, N. H., list of officers and 
members, 1922-1923. Organized February 15, 1897. [12] p. 12° 

Society of Daughters of Colonial Wars, Inc., Massachusetts. By-laws, rules 
and instructions of the Committee on Membership, facsimile of insignia and 
calendar, 1922-1923. Mrs. Prank D. Ellison, President; Mrs. James C. Peabody, 
Secretary, 47 Allston St., Foston, Mass. 

Society of Mayflower Descendants, New York. Society of Mayflower Descend- 
ants in the State of New York. Pifth Record Book, Sept., 1922. Organized 
1894, incorporated 1895. New York, 1922. 244 p. pi. por. 8° 

Society Sons of the American Revolution, Louisiana. 1922-1923 yearbook and 
membership roster, Louisiana Society Sons of the American Revolution. Officers, 
committees, by-laws, annual reports, genealogical and historical documents, 
what the Society is doing, scope and purposes. [New Orleans, La., Jones-Robin- 
son Co., Inc., 1923.] 8° 

Society Sons of the Revolution, California. Thirtieth anniversary number. 
Roster and chronological. list of first 1000 members Society Sons of the Revolu- 
tion in the State of California, n. p. 1923. 83-l-[l] p. fcsm. il. pi. por. 4° 

University of Illinois Studies in the Social Sciences. University of Illinois 
Studies in the Social Sciences. Vol. 10, March, 1922, no. 1. A study of " Mon- 
archical " tendencies in the United States, from 1776 to 1801. By Louise Burn- 
hain Dunbar. Board of Editors: Ernest L. Bogart, John A. Fairlie, Albert H. 
Lybyer. PubUshed by the University of Illinois under the auspices of the Graduate 
School, Urbana, lU., 1922. 164 p. 8° 

Vineland Historical Magazine. The Vineland Historical Magazine, devoted 
to history, biography, genealogy. January, April, July, October, 1922. Vol. 7, 
nos. 1-4. Published quarterly by the Vineland Historical and Antiquarian 
Society. Vineland, N. J., 1922. 4° 


The Key of Libberty. The Key of Libberty shewing the causes why a free gov- 
ernment has alwaj's failed, and a remedy against it. Written in the year 1798 by 
Wilham Manning of Billerica, Mass. With notes and a foreword by Samuel 
Ehot Morison. Billerica, Mass., published by The Manning Association, 1922. 
15+2-1-71 p. 8° Price $3.00. Address Earl G. Manning, President of the Man- 
ning Association, 200 Devonshire St., Boston 9, Mass. 

"This very interesting book is printed by The Manning Association from an hitherto unpub- 
lished manuscript by a member of its family in 1798, and only recently found in the old Planning 
Manse at North Billerica, Mass., where it had reposed for 124 years." 







New England 

Historic Genealogical Society 













Officers Elected by the Society for the Year 1923 v 

Officers and Committees Appointed by the Council vi 

Report op Proceedings at the Annual Meeting . ix 

1 Report of the Council xvii 

Committee on Finance xviii 

■ Committee on Ways and Means xix 

j Committee on Increase of Membership . . . xix 

\ Conamittee on Sale of Publications .... xix 

I Committee on Publications xx 

I Committee to Assist the Historian .... xx 

I Committee on English Research xx 

I Committee on Heraldry xxi 

I Committee on the Library xxi 

\ Committee on Collection of Records .... xxi 

I Committee on Epitaphs xxii 

i Committee on Papers and Essays xxiii 

I Special Committee on Endowment and Members . xxiv 

"< - Special Committee on Mural Memorials . . . xxiv 

I Special Committee on Rolls of Membership . . xxiv 

Report of the Librarian xxv 

Report of the Corresponding Secretary . . . xxvii 

Report of the Treasurer xxx 

Report of the Trustees of the Kidder Fund . . xxxiv 

Report of the Historian — Necrology for 1922 . xxxv 

Memoirs of Deceased Members xxxix 

Charter cvii 





ALFRED JOHNSON, A.M., Litt.D Belfast, Me. 





3Elecarbing ^ecrttarp 


I t Corres^ponbins ^ecretarp 


I Kxtaiuttt 


I mhxanm 


I ^i)t Council 







" For 1923 

ARTHUR WINSLOW PEIRCE, A.B., Lirr.D. . . . Franklin 



For 1923, 1924 




For 1923, 1924, 1925 




\ (v) 




Rev. lewis WILDER HICKS, M.A. WeUesley 

(Cbttor of S^uhlitationi 


Committee on Jfinance 

JOHN CARROLL CHASE, Chairman ex officio . . . Deny, N. H. 



ARTHUR WINSLOW PEIRCE, A.B., Lrrr.D. . . . FranVlin 




officio Boston 

Committee on Ws.^i anb iHean 








Committee on Sncreajie ot iHemtiersitiiP 

JOSEPH HARVEY WHITE, Chairman Chestnut HiU 







Committee on ^ale of ^ublirations 

CHARLES ELIOT GOODSPEED, Chairman .... Wollaston 





CHARLES SIDNEY ENSIGN, Jr., A. B.,J.B. ... Newton 


Committee on S^ublitationi 

JAMES PARKER PARMENTER, A.M., LL.B., Chairman Arlington 



Rev. JOHN WALLACE SUTER,A.B.,S.T.D Winchester 

ALFRED JOHNSON, A.M., Litt.D Brookline 


HENRY EDWARDS SCOTT, A.B., ex officio Medford 

Committee to 'Smi^i tfie ^iitatiwn. 

ANDREW FISKE, Ph.D., LL.B., Chairman Weston 

Rev. ANSON TITUS Somerville 



\ T. JULEEN SILSBY Brookline 


HENRY EDWARDS SCOTT, A.B., ex officio Medford 

Committee on CnslisSfj 3^seatdb 


Chairman Newport, R. I. 


ALFRED JOHNSON, A.M., Lrrr.D Brookline 




} HAROLD BOWDITCH, A.B., M.D Brookline 

I Committee on Heralbrp 

I ROBERT DICKSON WESTON, A.B., Chairman . . . Cambridge 





I Committee on tfje Hifirarp 


\ Chairman Boston 






WILLIAM PRESCOTT GREENLAW, ex offi/Ao .... Winthrop 

Committee on Collection o£ ^ccorbfS 







WILLIAM PRESCOTT GREENLAW, ex officio .... Winthrop 


Committee on Cpitapfiief 

HAROLD CLARKE DURRELL, A.B., Chairman . . . West Medford 



Mrs. KATE EUGENIA (MORRIS) CONE, A.B., Ph.D. Hartford, Vt. 


Miss EDITH MAY TILLEY Newport, R. I. 


Committee on papers; anti <£.66avi 

ARTHUR WINSLOW PEIRCE, A.B., Litt.D., Chainrum FranHin 



Mes. SARAH GROSS (HEMENWAY) BELL, A.B. . . West Newton 

EDWARD BRECK, A.M., Ph.D Brookline 

Rev. GLENN TILLEY MORSE, A.B., S.T.B West Newbury 


S>pectal Committee on ^bisiion of tfje ^p-HatoiS* 

JAMES PARKER PARMENTER, A.M., LL.B., Chairman Arlington 





Special Committee on iHural iHemorialst 

ROBERT DICKSON WESTON, A.B., Chairman . . . Cambridge 





Special Committee on 3^oUi of Mtmbtvii^ipj 

MYLES STANDISH, A.M., M.D., S.D., Chairman . . . Boston 



Special Committee on ^0£(pitaIitpt 

Miss JOSEPHINE ELIZABETH RAYNE, Chairman . . Cambridge 


Mrs. belle AUGUSTA (SEAVEY) FLOYD Winthrop 




Mrs. MARY CHASE (FARWELL) BALLOU .... Brookline 

'Appointed by the President in accordance with a vote of the Society of 1 April 1914, and serv- 
ing until discharged by the Society. 
fAppointed by the Council. 



The seventy-ninth annual meeting of the Society was held on 
Wednesday, 7 February 1923, at 2.30 P.M., in Wilder Hall, 9 Ash- 
\ ■ burton Place, Boston, President Chase presiding and a quonim being 

The minutes of the meeting of 3 January 1923 were read and 
i approved, and the monthly reports of the Corresponding Secretary, 

I Librarian, Historian, and Council were accepted, the Council report- 

i ing that since the January meeting members of the Society had been 

I elected as follows : 

Life Members 
Joseph D. Bascom of St. Louis, Mo. 
Edwin D. Morgan of New York City 

Resident Members 
J Mrs. H. B. Andrews of Battle Creek, Mich. 

I Mrs. Frank C. Buckley of Superior, Wis. 

i Mrs. Henry R. Grant of Everett, MaJss. 

I J. Howard Randerson of Albany, N. Y. 

i Joseph Heluy Curtis of Boston, Mass. 

;. Mrs. Henry H. Weikel of Concord, Mass. 

I George H. Davis of New York City 

) Mrs. Robert L. Warner of Cambridge, Mass. 

• Mrs. Floyd K. Smith of Buffalo, N. Y. 
Charles H. Sergei of Chicago, HI. 

Mrs. Frank M. AngeUotti of San Rafael, Calif. 

' On motion it was 

Voted, That the annual reports of the Council, including its committees, the 
Librarian, the Corresponding Secretary, the Treasurer, the Trustees of the 
Kidder Fimd, and the Historian, being presented in print and now in the hands 
of the meeting, be accepted and ordered filed with the originals. 

On motion it was 
; Voted, That the Society proceed to the election of oflScers and councillors, 

• ^ agreeable to the provisions of the By-Laws. 

; That three tellers be appointed by the Chair, and that said tellers shall 

; distribute, receive, sort, and count the ballots, and make a report to this meeting. 

i That the polls be now opened, and stand open until every member present 

\ has had opportunity to vote. 

i ' (ix) • 








The Chair appointed as tellers Messrs. William Ogilvie Com- 
STOCK, John Albert Holmes, and Henry Beecher Reed, and the 
election by ballot of oflBcers and councillors took place. 

After the polls had been closed, exercises in observance of the 
twenty-fifth anniversary of the first admission of women to member- 
ship in the Society were held. President Chase introducing this sub- 
ject with the foUow-'ng words: 

"From time immemorial the second of February has been one of 
the noteworthy days of the calendar, but a quarter of a century ago 
it became an epochal date in the annals of this Society. I do not 
know what the atmospheric conditions were on that particular day, 
but I am fain to believe that the skies were overcast, that the ground 
hog, unable to discover his shadow, returned not again to his winter 
abode, and that the winter of our discontent was made glorious spring 
by the admission of women to membership. 

"There had been a long and bitter contest before this result was 
achieved, but the silence of the years that have passed I will not 

"The number elected on February 2, 1898, has increased imtil 
nearly one-third of our membership are women, who are unexcelled 
in their devotion to the work and interests of the Society. Of the 
thirty-six women elected to membership on that day, twenty-nine 
qualified as members, twelve are still members, and to-day we are 
honored by the presence on the platform of six of that number. Rise 
and greet them with the recognition to which they are justly entitled." 

Thereupon the other members present and their guests rose to 
greet these six ladies, namely, Mrs. Lucy (Hall) Greenlaw of 
Winthrop, Mrs. Ida Louise (Farr) Miller of Wakefield, Mrs. Lora 
Altine (Woodbury) Underhill of Allston, Mrs. Emeline Bridge 
(Tyler) Simonds of West Medford, Miss Mary Elvira Elliot of 
Somerville, and Mrs. Lydia Matthews (Bangs) Fisher of Hyde 

President Chase then said : 

"As the first representative of those we honor to-day I present Mrs. 
Lucy (Hall) Greenlaw, who will now address you." 

Mrs. Greenlaw then read a carefully prepared and interesting 
paper on the circumstances attending the first admission of women to 
membership in the Society, speaking as follows : 

"Mr. President, Members of the New England Historic 
Genealogical Society, and Guests : 

"I suppose the reason that I have been asked to represent this 
little group of women upon the platform this afternoon is tecause I 
have been called the first woman member of this Society. Let me tell 
yow how it happened. When it was apparent that the movement to 
admit women to the Society would be successful, there was some 


little rivalry among two or three of us whose names were upon the 

nomination book, to see who would really become the first woman 

member. Or, to be more exact, the rivalry was between our husbands. 

The honor lay between the late Mrs. Julia E. Folsom of Brookline 

and myself. Mrs. Folsom was the wife of Capt. Albert A. Folsom, 

who during his lifetime was very active in the affairs of the Society. 

Captain Folsom was very anxious that his wife should become the 

first woman member; so, in order to expedite matters, he paid her 

dues some time in advance. But, although the dues of Mrs. Folsom 

were received by the Treasurer before mine, Colonel Hoyt, who at 

I that time was the Corresponding Secretary of the Society and the cus- 

I todian of the rolls, notified me that my letter of acceptance, whereby 

I completed the necessary qualification of membership, was the first 

to be received by him from a woman candidate. In aU fairness to 

the memory of Mrs. Folsom, who is not here to speak for herself, I 

present these facts, and you may decide for yourselves to whom the 

; honor belonged. But this is a slight honor at best, for there were 

I thirty-six women elected at the stated meeting of the Society held 

■ February 2, 1898, twenty-five years ago this month. 

I "A brief history of the events that led up to this innovation may 

i not be amiss. This Society was founded, as you all know, in 1844, 

i and for the first fifty-four years of its life the membership was 

I composed of men only. From time to time during this long period a 

I woman candidate would appear, but always failed of election. In 

I 1897 the standing rules of the Council required unanimous consent 

I of that body for a name to be presented to the Society for election, 

\ and it had become a sort of unwritten law to ignore the name of any 

i woman appearing in the nomination book. 

I "In December 1896 Mr. J. Henry Lea, not knowing the existing 

i state of affairs concerning the admission of women, proposed the 

1 name of his cousin, Mrs. Georgetta Barton Witter of Worcester, and 

] the names of more than a dozen other women appeared as candidates 

I before the next meeting of the Council. The Council, a httle startled 

1 by this concerted appearance of so many women candidates, ordered 

a postal canvass of the membership, which revealed the fact that a 
large majority were in favor of their admittance. 

"The question of legality was then raised by those who objected, 
so a bill was introduced into the General Court, was passed, and was 
approved April 10, 1897, giving the Society the right to admit women 
to membership, subject to such restrictions as the by-laws of the 
corporation might from time to time impose. The legal objections 
were thus overcome, yet none of the names of the many women who 
had been proposed were reported to the Society by the Council. 
The chief objector was a member of that body, and, exercising his 
right imder the standing rules, he prevented the election of the 
women candidates. 

"There was but cne thing left to do by those in favor of the change, 
and that was to overcome this awkward situation through action by 
the Society. This was a long process, but was finally accompUshed by 
a revision of the by-laws which extinguished the one-man power. 
And so on the second day of February, 1898, more than a year after 


the begiiming of the movement to admit women, thirty-six women 
were elected, of whom twenty-nine made the necessary quaUfication 
for membership. Their names, given in the order of complete quali- 
fication, as they appear on the Rolls of Membership, were as follows : 

Mrs. Lucy Hall Greenlaw of Cambridge 

Mrs. Julia Elizabeth Folsom of Brookline 

Mrs. EUen Augusta Lord Biu'ditt of Boston 

Miss Sara Elizabeth Cushman of Newton 

Miss Mary Hannah Graves of Boston 

Mrs. Anna Margaret Riley of Claremont, N. H. 

Mrs. Harriet Hodges Stone of Newton 

Mrs. Adelaide Elizabeth Cordis of Medford 

Mrs. Harriette Estelle Hayes of Boston 

Mrs. Sarah Abigail Clarke Kimball of Methuen 

Mrs. Ida Louise Farr Miller of Wakefield 

Mrs. Harriet Hanson Robinson of Maiden 

Mrs. Lora Altine Woodbury Underbill of Brookline 

Mrs. Frances lone Abbe Wallace of Albany, N. Y. 

Miss Helen Frances Kimball of Brookline 

Miss Mary Cummings Sawj'er of Wellesley 

Mrs. Emeline Bridges Simonds of Charlestown 

Mrs. Charlotte JeUison Milliken of Boston 

Miss Mary Perkins Quincy of New Haven, Conn. 

Mrs. Evelyn McCurdy Salisbury of New Haven, Conn. 

Mrs. Sara White Lee of Brookline 

Miss Emily Wilder Leavitt of Boston 

Miss Mary Elvira EUiot of Somerville 

Miss Elizabeth Josephine Wilmarth of Attleborough 

Mrs. Harriet Westcott Laurie of Boston 

Mrs. Emma Story White of Boston 

Mrs. Fanny Wilder Brown of Fitchburg 

Mrs. Susan Vining Briggs of Brookline 

Mrs. Lydia Matthews Fisher of Hyde Park 

"Twenty-five years have taken their inevitable toU from the ranks 
of these twenty-nine women — eight have died, eight have resigned, 
and one has allowed her membership to lapse, leaving twelve of the 
original twenty-nine whose names are stiU upon the rolls of the 
Society, which, however, is an excellent showing at the end of twenty- 
five years. Of these twelve members, six are not able to be here this 
afternoon because of distance or illness; but the rest, six in number, 
are upon the platform. 

"It does not seem possible that twenty-five years have elapsed 
since that day; but the bird of time is ever on the wing, and the years 
pass before we are aware. Just to bring to your mind the passage of 
time, let me recall to your attention that the Spanish War had not 
broken out at this date, the sinking of the battleship Maine, which 
precipitated that event, occurring February 15, 1898, thirteen days 
after our election to this Society. Also let me remind you that in 
1898 there were no automobiles, the bicycle being the most popular 


method of conveyance, the aeroplane and submarine were unknown, 
and wireless telegraphy and radio were imdreamed of. 

"The Society, from the first, seemed to benefit from the change. 
Just prior to the advent of women members it had been necessary to 
reduce the number for a quorum at a stated meeting from twenty to 
fifteen members, in order to transact business, but immediately 
there was an increase of interest in the attendance. These new 
members served on important committees with gratifying results. 
Three of the original twenty-nine have served on the Council, Miss 
Helen Frances Kimball, Miss Mary Cummings Sawyer, and Mrs. 
Ida Farr Miller, two of these. Miss Kimball and Mrs. Miller, having 
served two terms each. The Committee on Papers and Essays, in 
charge of the regular meetings, has been composed largely of women 
and has had a wonderful degree of success in developing this part of 
the Society's work. 

"The lasr twenty-five years have been the most prosperous in the 
history of the Society. During that period its Library has taken and 
held the first place in the world in its field. Its publications, both in 
volume and usefulness, have achieved a similar reputation. Its meet-, 
ings have increased from a mere score of members to an average of 
about two hundred. It has erected a building suitable to its needs, 
worth nearly a quarter of a million dollars, and it has increased its 
endowment funds in proportion to its growth. 

"In view of the fact that this wonderful growth has taken place 
during the quarter of a century that women have been members, and 
that women have served on the governing board with the men, we 
venture to claim that, like the virtuous woman described in the Book 
of Proverbs, we have 'done good and not evil all the days' of these 
twenty-five years." 

The President then presented Mrs. Miller, who spoke as follows: 

"Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen: 

"The admission of women to membership in the New England 
Historic Genealogical Society, with all its privileges, was an event of 
suflScient importance to this Society to be worthy of the anniversary 
celebration we are now enjoying. As there are but a few survivors 
of that first number, we hope you will all join in the pleasure we feel 
on this occasion, as we but stand as representatives of all the women 
members who have been added to the number first admitted. 

"Always in looking back there should result the added interest and 
enthusiasm for the work and opportunities ahead, and with an insti- 
tution of the importance and high standing of this Society we may 
build for the future on the sure foundation of the traditions of the 

"It has recently been said that every town and city in our land 
should have an historical society to teach the yoimg .Ajnericans and 
the new Americans what the earlier Americans did for our coimtry 
and who they were. 

"Most important is such an interest, with the wide spread of 
obnoxious and dangerous propositions and the fast increasing nimiber 
of un-American organizations to confuse and mislead our people. 


"In all the years of its activity this Society has well lived up to its 
purpose, and in this we are proud to-day to feel we have had a 
share, if even a small one. Before the State granted the change in 
its charter, those first women came to the Library to work out ances- 
tral problems, made necessary by the organization of patriotic 
societies; and we remember with gratitude the help received from 
Mr. Dean, who, sitting with his work at the end of the long table in 
the Library on Somerset Street, was always approachable and 
helpful. And equally so was Mr. Gordon, at his desk on the floor 
below; and to-day I would pay a grateful tribute to both these 
wonderful men, who were never too preoccupied to listen to our 
difficulties and to give the important piece of information. At that 
time we Americans were accused of not knowing who our great- 
grandparents were; and this taunt incited a feverish hunt for these 
individuals, whose history could easily have been obtained earher 
from relatives, who unfortimately had then become ancestors them- 

"So the admission of women to the ranks of this Society was not 
a step toward that objective known as 'women's rights,' but a real, 
purposeful act to enable us to follow closely suggestions received and 
clues discovered, by stepping behind those ropes which barred us 
from the alcoves and the much desired books and scanning quickly 
the pages whereon we found our reward for patient searching 

"Our first opportunity for service came shortly after our election 
to the Society, when a letter of appeal was sent to the women members 
to make it possible to catalogue the valuable contents hidden in the 
vault and not accessible for reference. 

"Miss Mary C. Sawyer, still a member, and myself were privileged 
to put our names on this appeal, and the generous response was 
insufficient to carry out the plans. Since that time I don't think 
the women have missed an opportunity to aid the Society, and I can 
give the assurance that in the future they never will. 

"As our interest has increased, so our problems have multiplied; 
and we see ever before us more ancestors to find and new clues to 
"Nearly a century ago, in a small New Hampshire town, there 
i were two wide-awake boys, who were cousins. These two later 

■ moved to different localities, one to a larger town in the same State, 

i while the other journeyed West to Utah, made his home there, 

accumulated a fortune, and became a promiaent member of the 
, IMormon Church. In his later years he paid a visit to the ancestral 

J town in New Hampshire, and called upon his cousin John, who had 

I remained a good citizen, had become a prominent lawyer, and was 

I an Orthodox deacon of great piety. They indulged in reminiscences 

! and recalled their relatives and boyhood doings; and then John 

{ thought it his duty to acquaint Lorin with his ideas of Mormonism, 

I to which Lorin replied: 'Now, John, you have had three wives and 

f I have had five. What is the difference between having them all 

I at one time, or one at a time?' It is not for us to discuss this or express 

f an opinion on the subject; but, as searchers after lost people and 

J facts of the years past, we do know that, if many ancestors had 


five wives and thirty-nine children, our problems would be infinitely 
more complex and more difficult of solution, and that time and 
thought would be taxed unnecessarily. 

"And now, as the women members of this Society, we express our 
very great appreciation of what it has meant to us to be members, 
with all the privileges we have enjoyed, for these past twenty-five 

"Om" interest has grown in ever-increasing measure, as we have 
availed ourselves of all the opportunities offered; and we can well 
promise our loyal support for the prosperity we confidently predict 
this Society will always enjoy and the important place it wUl always 
fill among the historical societies of our country." 

At the request of the President, Mrs. Howes, Chairman of the 
Committee on Papers and Essays, described the arrangements made 
by that committee for the observance of the twenty-fifth anniversary 
of the first admission of women to membership, and stated that, in 
addition to the simple exercises of the day, a Women's Lecture 
Fund had been estabUshed by contributions from the women mem- 
bers of the Society, and an effort was being made to increase the pro- 
portion of women members from about one-third to one-half of the 
total membership. 

The Chair then presented, as the speaker of the afternoon, Denis 
Aloysius McCarthy, LL.D., of Arlington, Mass., who reminded 
his hearers that he spoke from the point of view of an immigrant from 
the Old World, and proceeded to illustrate his subject, Poetry and 
Patriotism, by reading inspiring selections from patriotic poems of 
his own composition. 

On motion of Hosea Starr Ballou the thanks of the Society were 
extended to Dr. McCarthy for his timely message and to Mrs. 
Greenlaw and Mrs. Miller for their entertaining papers relating 
to the admission of women to membership in the Society. 

The tellers then made their report, which showed that oflScers and 
councillors had been elected as follows: 

John Carroll Chase, of Derry, N. H. 
Vice Presidents 
Nathan Matthews, of Boston, Mass. 
Alfred Johnson, of Belfast, Me. 
Albert Henry Laaison, of New London, N. H. 
William Wallace Sticknet, of Ludlow, Tt. 
George Andrews Moriartt, Jr., of Newport, R. I. 
George Seymour Godard, of Hartford, Conn. 


Recording Secretary 
Henky Edwards Scott, of Medford, Mass. 

Corresponding Secretary 
Thobnton Kibkland Lothbop, of Boston, Mass. 

James Melville Htjnnewell, of Boston, Mass. 

William Pbescott Gbeenlaw, of Winthrop, Mass. 

CounciUora for the term of three years, 1923, 1924, i92o 
William Chubchill Beiggs, of Somerville, Mass. 
Mas. Flobence Reynolds (Conant) Howes, of Allston, Mass. 
RoBEBT Dickson Weston, of Cambridge, Mass. 

President Chase, in a few appropriate words, accepted the office 
of President to which he had been reelected, and then, on motion, 
it was 

Voted, That the proceedings of this meeting, with the annual reports accepted 
and the biographical notices of deceased members, be printed as a supplement 
to the April, 1923, number of The New England Histobical and Genealogical 
Registeb, that a copy of said Supplement be mailed to every member of the 
Society not receiving the Registeb, to the families of members deceased during 
the past year, and to exchanging societies, and that the Council be charged with 
the execution of this order. 

No further business being presented, the Chair, at 4 P.M., declared 
the meeting dissolved, and invited the members of the Society and 
their guests to remain for the usual social hour. Refreshments 
were served under the auspices of the Committee on Papers and 
Essays in the tea room on the auditorium floor. 

Henry Edwards Scott, 

Recording Secretary. 


Prepared by Thornton Kirkland Lothrop, A.B. 

The year 1922 was another prosperous year for the New England 
Historic Genealogical Society. The PUgrim Tercentenary drive 
fortunately came after the World War, and happened to coincide 
with the seventy-fifth anniversary of the Society. It was over 
before the year 1922 began, but the final payments from some of 
the members belonging to this special class came during the year, 
and this special fund, so well handled by Lee, Higginson & Com- 
pany for the Society during the drive, was not completely trans- 
ferred to the Treasurer, for the Society, until this year. The Council 
passed a vote of thanks to Lee, Higginson & Company for the careful 
and satisfactory way in which they had handled this fund for the 
Society; and it also appointed a special committee to devise a suitable 
reward for Mr. Frederick A. Grant, who had personal charge of this 
fund in Lee, Higginson & Company's office. This committee reported 
that a Life Membership, as a gift from this Society, would be a suitable 
recognition and agreeable, they thought, to Mr. Grant, and the 
Council voted to confer such a membership on Mr. Grant, and he 
has accepted it. The Council also passed a vote of thanks to the 
sponsors for the invitations for subscriptions to this Pilgrim Ter- 
centenary Memorial Fund for the Society, Messrs. J. Pierpont 
Morgan, Henry Cabot Lodge, Charles W. EUot, Elbert H. Gary, 
Charles P. Taft, Charles Deering, Myron T. Herrick, and Myles 
Standish, and to Mrs. W. Mvuray Crane, whose late husband, Hon. 
W. Murray Crane, was also one of the sponsors. This particular 
drive, the great work of the Special Committee on Endowment and 
Members, has thus entirely ceased. That Special Committee was, 
however, originally designed to raise funds and increase the mem- 
bership of the Society by this and other means; and it did this work 
so well that it has been continued, and is still raising funds and 
getting new members for the Society in a very satisfactory manner. 

The memorial tablets which are in process of being put up by 
different members of the Society to ancestors selected by them, in 
the halls and stairways of the Society's Building, at 9 Ashburton 
Place, have taken up a lot of the time of many members of the 
Council, and have been considered also by the Council itself as a 
body. The placing of these tablets has progressed during the year. 
The most important of all, that to Abraham Lincoln, has been given 
to the Society by his son, Robert Todd Lincoln, a member of this 
Society. It is placed in the main hall, near the front door, where 
everybody who enters the building cannot fail to observe it with 
interest. This was unveUed, with suitable addresses and other 
ceremonies, on 31 May 1922, by direction of the Council. A complete 



description of the occasion, including the full text of the addresses, 
will be found in the Register for July 1922. 

The other tablets fonn a general decoration to the walls which is 
both pleasing and appropriate; and, when studied in detail, they 
show that the Society and its members, although especially inter- 
ested in the Pilgrims, Pviritans, and other early settlers of New 
England, also take an interest in more recent events and in the 
families and histories of later arrivals in New England and other 
parts of the United States and even anyTvhere in America, in the 
larger sense of the word. This is very satisfactory, brings visitors 
to the Society's Bmlding, and makes members return oftener than 
they otherwise would return. It shows plainly for what the Society 
stands, even before one enters the Library or indeed any other of 
the rooms in the Building. 

A portrait of our late President, Hon. James Phirmey Baxter, 
was received from his son, Hon. Percival P. Baxter, Governor of 
Maine, according to the bequest in his father's will, about the first 
of the year, was reported by the Librarian at the meeting of the 
C!ouncil on 3 January 1922, and was appropriately acknowledged 
by the Council at that meeting. The Special Committee on Mural 
Memorials has hung this portrait in the Council Chamber, where 
Mr. Baxter so often sat when presiding at the meetings of the Council. 

Many other matters have been passed on by the Council diuing 
the year, but they are, I think, better dealt with in the reports of 
the various officers and committees for the year. 

The Report of the Committee on Finance, by James Melville 
HunneweU, A.B., LL.B., Treasurer: 

Under the will of our late Treasurer, George Lambert Gould, the 
Society will receive a bequest of five shares of stock in the American 
Telephone & Telegraph Company, to constitute a fund in his mem- 
ory, the income of which is to be used by the Committee on Papers 
and Essays. 

The mortgages held by the Society upon the estates 16 and 18 
Somerset Street, Boston, have been extended on satisfactory terms, 
the rates of interest, in conformity with present conditions, being 
increased, and the mortgage on the Society's Building 1ms been 
reduced $1000 by contributions for this specific purpose. 

By vote of the Committee and upon approval by the Council the 
Walter Titus Avery Fund was marked up to $1,000, the Horace 
Davis Fund to $3,000, and the Victor Channing Sanborn Fund to 
$1,000, the increases representing the amounts paid as inheritance 
taxes upon these legacies, so that the funds now stand at the amoimts 
named in the diEFerent wills. 

The Committee has marked down the book value of fifty shares of 
common stock of the Boston & Maine Railroad, long held by the 
Society, to its market value on 30 December 1922. 




The Committee has given careful attention to the investments 
of the Society and has made numerous changes, it being the poUcy 
of the Committee to sell all Liberty Bonds (except those required 
by the donor to be held), all bonds maturing within the next few 
years, and all redeemable bonds the market price for which is near 
the redemption value. New investments have been made with the 
proceeds, so as to give the Society the advantage of the present high 
interest rates over a long term of years; and it is anticipated that 
few further changes need be made in the immediate future. 

The Report of the Committee on Ways and Means, by William 
Streeter Richardson, Chairman: 

No meetings of the Committee have been held during 1922, the 
conditions indicated in the report of the Committee for 1921 having 
still prevailed. 

The success of the method adopted of working through the Special 
Committee on Endowment and Members and the Special Committee 
on Mural Memorials has continued to operate advantageously, and 
good progress has been made. 

The Report of the Committee on Increase of Membership, by 
Myles Standish, A.M., M.D., S.D., Chairman: 

The Committee on Increase of Membership has been in a state of 
suspended animation the past year, on accoxmt of the arrangement 
for liberty of action on the part of the Special Committee on Endow- 
ment and Members. 

The Report of the Committee on Sale of Publications, by Charles 
Eliot Goodspeed, Chairman: 

In 1922 the Society secured the entire stock of remainders of 
editions of the Vital Records of Worcester County towns, which 
were published by the late Franklin P. Rice imder the name of 
"Systematic History Fund." Some of Mr. Rice's publications are 
entirely out of print, and of several others only a few copies remain. 
The Society is now able to supply bound copies of theSe records of 
the following towns: 

Ashbumliani, Athol, Auburn (in paper covers), Bolton, Brookfield, Charlton, 
Douglas, Dudley, Gardner, Grafton, Hubbardston, Leominster, Marlborough, 
Marlborough Epitaphs (in paper covers), Oakham, Oxford, Paxton Epitaphs 
(in paper covers). Petersham, Phillipston, Royalston, Rutland, Shrewsbiuy, 
Sp«ncer, Sutton, Templeton, Upton, Warren, West Boylston, Westminster, and 

As soon as the binding can be done, the records of the following 
towns also wiQ be available: 

Barre, Holden, Leicester, Millbury, Princeton, Southborough, and 

One hundred and thirty-three volumes of Massachusetts Vital 
Records, relating to one hundred and twenty-four towns, can now 
be obtained from the Society. 


During the year the Treasurer has sold all the odd secondhand 
copies of miscellaneous books, and will hereafter deal only in publi- 
cations of the Society and those remainders of editions which it owns. 

The sales of Vital Records, back numbers of the Register, and 
miscellaneous publications have been above the average of recent 

The Report of the Committee on Pubucations, by James Parker 
Parmenter, A.M., LL.B., Chairman: 

The Committee on PubUcations reports that during the year 1922 
the work of preparing for publication vital records of Massachusetts 
towns has been continued, and that arrangements are now being 
made for resuming the printing of these volumes, in the form approved 
by the Commonwealth, The cost of printing is now somewhat less 
than it was a year or two ago, and the State has made a small increase 
in the price per page which it pays for these publications. The 
Committee, therefore, has felt justified in recommending to the 
Council that the publication of vital records by the Society be 
resumed; and it is Ukely that the records of Acton and those of 
Plympton will be printed in the early part of 1923. 

The Register, with its Supplements, has been published as usual, 
the issues for 1922 forming the seventy-sixth volume of this magazine. 

The Report of the Committee to Assist the Historian, by Andrew 
Fiske, Ph.D., LL.B., Chairman: 

The Committee to Assist the Historian has the honor to report 
that it has held one meeting during the year, namely, on 11 December 
1922, when it received a report from the Historian and rendered to 
him all the required assistance which was in its power to render. 

The Report of the Committee on English Research, by George 
Andrews Moriarty, Jr., A.M., LL.B,, Chairman: 

During the year 1922 the work has been continued as usual. 
Records coUected by the Chairman in England in the winter of 
1920-21 have been published, including an article upon the ancestry 
of the mother of John Coggeshall, the early president of the Rhode 
Island Colony. Among the other families whose English pedigrees 
have been given are those of Weeden of Rhode Island and Chesham 
in Bucks, purchased of Mrs. Elizabeth (French) Bartlett, the ancestry 
of Martha Jenkin, the wife of William Eaton of Reading, Mass., 
purchased of Eben Putnam, the Perkins family of Topsfield, con- 
tributed by Mrs. Frank Elmer Perldns, and the Tuckers of Kent, 
contributed by Rufus Stickney Tucker, Ph.D. 

An article of considerable interest, because it is the first time that 
such an article has appeared in the Register, is the one in the 
October Register, by the Chairman of the Committee, upon the 
De Greys of Oxfordshire, which traces with original records the 
early generations of a famous family to the original Domesday 


tenant of 1086. This sort of work, while familiar to students of 
English genealogy and to the readers of the Genealogist and the 
writings of Mr. J. Horace Round, is for the most part unknown to 
American students; and it is hoped that this article will show them 
what can be done by scientific methods with a genealogy of the 

\ twelfth century. 

I It is hoped that contributions wiU be made which wiU enable the 

t Committee to carrj' on the work that it has been doing for so many 


I The Report of the Committee on Heraldry, by Robert Dickson 

I Weston, A.B., Chairman: 

• While this Committee has during the year 1922 performed such 

duties as it has been called on to perform, it has not been especially 
active in securing the registration of arms the right to which is sus- 
ceptible of proof. New possibUities of this sort are constantly pre- 
senting themselves, and the Committee sees before it an immense 
deal of congenial and interesting labor. 

1 The Report of the Committee on the Library: 

\ For the growth, use, condition, and needs of the Library see the 

I Report of the Librarian. 

I The Report of the Committee on Collection of Records, by 

1 Walter Kendall Watkins, Chairman: 


\ During the year 1922 the chief manuscript collections received by 

i the Society were: 

• 10 January. — Dukes County Probate Records, 1663-1850, 1 vol., F. Docu- 

; ments relating to Martha's Vineyard, Edgartown Deeds, 1 vol., F. Documents 

I relating to Martha's Vineyard, Court Record, 1 vol., F. Documents relating to 

I Martha's Vineyard, Tisbury Deeds, 1 vol., F. Given by Charles Edward Banks, 

M.D., Colonel, U. S. A., Retired, of Chicago, 111. 

24. January.— Census of Martha's Vineyard, I, 1790, 1800, 1810, 1 vol., Q. 
Census of Martha's Vineyard, II, 1850, indexed, 1 vol., Q. Given by Charles 
Edward Banks, M.D., Colonel, U. S. A., Retired, of Chicago, lU. 

8 February. — Pottle Genealogy, 1 vol., O. Given by Charles Edward Banks, 
M.D., Colonel, U. S. A., Retired, of Chicago, 111. 

3 March. — Howe Genealogical Manuscript (carbon copy), 26 boxes, 3 packages. 
Bequest of the late Hon. Daniel W. Howe of Indianapolis, Ind. 

7 March. — Original Manuscript of the Howe Genealogy, with Introduction, 
Appendix, and Indexes (typewritten), 3 packages. Bequest of the late Hon. 
Daniel W. Howe of Indianapolis, Ind. 

16 May. — Settlers of Martha's Vineyard, 24 vols., Q. Given by Charles Edward 
Banks, M.D., Colonel, U. S. A., Retired, of Chicago, IlL 

25 May. — Genealogical Papers, Sawyer, 1 package. Sawj'er Papers, Receipted 
Bills, 1 package. Sawj-er Papers, Medical, Religious, Miscellaneous, 1 package. 
Newspaper Clippings, Sawyer Material, 1 envelope. Sawyer Chart, Thomas of 
Lancaster (Vermont Sawyers), Chart Scroll No. 1. Sawyer Chart, James of 
Gloucester, Scroll No. 2. Sawyer Chart, Scroll No. 3. Saw>-er Chart, Scroll No. 4. 
Given by the Estate of the late Ellen M. Sawyer of Cambridge, Mass. 

29 May. — Derby Manuscript, 1 box. Given by Estate of the late Samuel C. 
Derby of Columbus, Ohio. 


i June. — Southworth Material, 2 large boxes. Given by Dr. Samuel Gilbert 
Webber of Newtonville, Mass. 

4 October. — Package containing Genealogical Notes on the Greenleaf Family; 
book, "Ten Times One Is Ten, " "Harry Wadsworth and The Wadsworth Club; " 
lithographs of the Greenleaf Family and Water Color of the Greenleaf House at 
Squirrel Island, Me. Given by Edward Hale Greenleaf of London, England. 

5 October. — Genealogical Material relating to Boardman, 2 vols., Q. Given 
by the late Dr. Waldo E. Boardman of Boston, Mass. 

27 October. — Record? of the Church in the North Parish of Shrewsbury, Mass., 
1743 and following years.* Given by Tay Edwards of Coney Hill, by Franklin 
Centre, Quebec. 

5 November. — Thatcher Genealogy, Line of Anthony of Yarmouth, Mass., 
23 vols. Given by John R. Totten of New York City. 

15 November. — Package containing six drawers of Pomfret, Vt., manuscripts. 
Given by Henry H. Vail of Woodstock, Vt. 

19 December. — ^Kilburn Genealogj', 1 small package. Given by Mrs. Joseph 
Foster White. 

The Report of the Committee on Epitaphs, by Harold Clarke 
DurreU, A.B., Chairman: 

The foUowing collections of epitapLs have been received by the 
Society during the year 1922: 

9 January. — Epitaphs from Wells, Me., 1700-1921, 42 pp., MS., given by 
Harold Clarke Durrell of Arlington, Mass. Photograph of Gravestone erected 
in memory of Dr. Philip Godfrid Kast, given by Emerson Rice of Hyde Park, 

19 January. — Inscriptions on the Tombstones in the Old Muddy Brook 
Cemetery, Great Barrington, Berkshire Co., Mass., 64 pp., 1921, typewritten.f 
given by Mrs. S. Walton of Chicago, 111. 

7 March. — Inscriptions from the Pond Cemetery, Russell, Mass., typewritten. 
Inscriptions from an old Cemetery in Guilford, Vt., MS. Given by Mrs. Jessie A. 
Porter of Springfield, Mass. 

4 April. — Barre Cemetery Records, n.p., 1897, tjrpewritten, given by Mrs. 
Frank D. Ellison of Belmont, Mass. 

6 June. — ^Tombstone Inscriptions in the Village Cemetery of St. Albans, 
Somerset Co., Me., with index; also in the old abandoned Sleeper Cemetery 
in St. Albans Township, Me., 94 pp., 1921. The Old Village Cemetery at Hartland, 
Me., with index, 66 pp., 1921, MS. Given by Mrs. Edward A. Strong of 
Minneapolis, Minn. 

7 June. — ^Epitaphs from the Forest Hill Cemetery (Old Cemetery), Fredonia, 
Chautauqua Co., N. Y., 5 pp., 1922, MS., given by Mrs. Olive Harriet Harwood 
of Benton Harbor, Mich. 

12 June. — Village Cemetery, Schroon Lake., N. Y., 31 pp., MS. Mt. Hope 
Cemetery, Ticonderoga, N. Y., 44 pp., MS. Old Cemetery, "Hoffman" (now 
Loch Muller), Schroon Lake, N. Y., 3 pp., MS. West Side Cemetery, South 
Ticonderoga, N. Y., 9 pp., MS. Old Cemetery, South Ticonderoga, N. Y., 7 pp., 
MS. Cemetery at Severance ("Platts"), Schroon Lake, Essex Co., N. Y., 28 pp., 
MS. Cemetery at North Hudson, N. Y., 15 pp., MS. Old Cemetery, PottersviUe, 
N. Y., 21 pp., MS. All given by Mrs. Frank Haviland of Framinghain, Mass. 

23 June. — Inscriptions in the Old Burjnng Groimd of the First Presbs^terian 
Church, Cedarville, N. J., 1 pamphlet, 17 pp., 1920, given by Mr. Frank D. 
Andrews of Vineland, N. J. 

12 July. — Burial Grounds at Ashby, Mass. (Old Village Yard, indexed), 
112 pp., 1922, MS., given by Rev. John Elliot Bowman of New Ipswich, N. H. 

♦Printed, with a few omissions, in the Reqister of January 1923. 
fPrinted in the REOiaxBR of July 1922. 


23 August. — Paxton, Mass., Burial Ground Inscriptions, 2 pamphlets, 32 pp., 
1906. Marlborough, Mass., Burial Ground Inscriptions: Old Conunon, Spring 
Hill, and Brigham Cemeteries, 1 pamphlet, 218 pp., 1908. Both given by the 
Estate of the late Pranklin P. Rice of Worcester, Mass. 

S October. — ^Epitaphs copied from the Bleachery Graveyard, Swansea Village, 
Mass., 3 sheets, typewritten, given by George Walter Chamberlain of Maiden, 

4 October.- — ^Photographs of the Grave of Capt. George Dennison, given by 
Dennison D. Dana of Great Barrington, Mass. 

I The Report of the Committee on Papers and Essays, by Mrs. 

i Florence Reynolds (Conant) Howes, Chairman: 

I The Committee on Papers and Essays provided eight lectures for 

the stated meetings of the year 1922, as follows: 
4 January. — "Vermont, the Green Mountain State, " by William Hill Crockett, 

Editor of University Publications, University of Vermont, Biu-lington, Vt. 
1 February. — "Three Massachusetts Clergymen," by Bishop Edwin Holt 

Hughes, A.M., D.D., LL.D., of Maiden, Mass. 
I 1 March. — "Colonial Architecture in Rhode Island," by Norman Morrison 

I Isham, A.M., of Providence, R.I. 

f 6 April. — "Connecticut's Contribation to the Revolutionary War." by Re\. 

I Sherrod Soule, Superintendent" of The Missionary Society of Connecticut, 

; Hartford, Conn. 

I S May. — "The Clipper Ships of Massachusetts," by Samuel Eliot Morison, 

I Ph.D., Lecturer on Bfetory, Harvard University. 

i 4 October. — "Arms — Their Evolution and Influence on History," by Lewis 

I Appleton Barker, LL.B., of Brookline, Mass. 

I / November. — "The Value of Tradition," by Arthur Lord, Esq., President of 

I the Pilgrim Society of Plymouth, Mass. 

i 6 December. — "Gilbert Stuart, Artist and Historian," by Frank W. Bayley, 

] of Boston. 

I All but two of these lectures were illustrated with stereopticon 

I slides, and the usual refreshments followed each meeting. 

■; Owing to the success of the Open Forum enjoyed by the members 

'j in December of the preceding year, the Committee arranged for a 

• Round Table on the fifteenth of February. The discussion was on 

\ "Heraldry Ln New England, " and was conducted by Robert Dickson 

"^ Weston, Chairman of the Committee on Heraldry. The meeting 

proved interesting and stimulating. Again, on 21 December, the 
Committee had charge of a tea held in celebration of the tenth 
anniversary of the occupation of the Society's BuUding at 9 Ash- 
burton Place. 

It is gratifying to call attention to the year's programme for 1923, 
which annoimces one lecture to be provided for by a memorial fund 
from the bequest of our late Treasurer, Gteorge Lambert Gould, and 
to state that a second memorial fund is to be donated to this Com- 
mittee for a like purpose. 

The purchase of a stereopticon lantern is an additional asset in 
the work of the Committee. 


The Report of the Special Committee on Endowment and Mem- 
bers, by Mrs. Florence Reynolds (Conant) Howes, Secretary: 

The work of the Special Committee on Endowment and Members 
was continued during the year 1922, but on a much smaller scale 
than previously. It was deemed advisable to pursue simpler methods; 
and typewritten invitations, approximating 2000, were sent out 
during the year, with a satisfactory return of nearly one himdred 
acceptances for Annual and Life Membership. 

Should it be advisable to carry on the work during 1923, employing 
the same simple methods as last year, the direction of the work might 
easily fall upon the Council or the Committee on Increase of Mem- 
bership, without the continuance of the Special Committee on 
Endowment and Members. 

The Report of the Specla.l Committee on Mural Memorials, by 
Robert Dickson Weston, A.B., Chairman: 

For one reason or another the work of this Committee progressed 
a Uttle more slowly in 1922 than in 1921. Nevertheless, thirteen new 
tablets were actually put in place, and seven more went through 
what we may call "the committee stage" and passed into the hands 
of the designers and stonecutters. This means that the work of the 
Committee is about half done. Some thirty-five more tablets remain 
to be provided with inscriptions, designed, carved, and fixed in 
appropriate places on the walls. 

The most impressive feature of the Committee's work during the 
past year was the putting up of the bronze tablet in memory of 
Abraham Lincoln. This beautiful bas-rehef was imveiled 31 May 
1922 with appropriate exercises, a full account of which, with a 
photogravure of the tablet, may be found in the Register for July 

The Report of the Special Committee on Rolls of Membership, 
by William Prescott Greenlaw: 

Considerable progress in preparing copy for the continuation of 
the printed Rolls has been made during the year. Also, all the 
changes needed to complete the printed RoUs to the end of 1891 
have been noted in an interleaved copy of that work. A thorough 
checking of the lists of hving members kept by the Secretary and the 
Treasurer and this Committee has been made, and all these lists 
are now in accord. 

The Society begins the year 1923 with 12 Honorary, 47 Correspond- 
ing, 521 Pilgrim Tercentenary, 433 Life, and 827 Resident Members, 
a total of 1840. Of the Life Members, there are 61 in the thirty- 
dollar, 307 in the fifty-dollar, and 65 in the himdred-dollar class. 
Of the Resident Members, there are 65 in the three-dollar, 549 in 
the five-dollar, and 213 in the ten-doUar class. 

The plates which were made of the printed RoUs will need so many 
alterations to take care of the changes in the RoUs since they were 
printed that it may be cheaper to reset the entire matter. This is 



a condition that will always exist, if the Rolls are completed to date 
and again published in the same arrangement — a fact which raises 
the question of the expediency of continuing the fonner arrangement. 
It is advisable that the Conomittee be enlarged and instructed to 
devise some plan to obviate 'this diflBculty. 

Occasional inquiries come to the Committee as to the relative 
position of the older members. Below is given a list of the Resident 
and Life Members who were elected before 1880 and whose names 
are still on the Rolls, with the date of election of each. 

George William Baldwin 
William Whitman . . 

Lemuel Pope .... 
Arthur French Towne 
David Greene Haskins, Jr. . 
Simeon Eben Baldwin 
Thomas Dennie Quincy, Jr.. 
Theodore Parker Adams . 
John Collins Warren 
William Thomas Lambert 
Charles Wells Hubbard . . 
Charles Pelham Greenough . 
Beimett Franklin Davenport 
Edward Preston Usher . . 
Sidney Perley .... 
George Kuhn Clarke . 
William Francis Crafts 

Anson Titus 

Grenville Howland Norcross 
Robert Maurice Bailey, Jr. , 
John Whittemore Farwell . 

June 1865 

March 1866; resigned 29 December 

1893; reelected 3 May 1916; Life 

Member 1919 

April 1867; Life Member 1874 

April 1868; Life Member 1870 

January 1869 

November 1869; Life Member 1872 

September 1870; Life Member 1870 

October 1873 

June 1875 

June 1875; Life Member 1875 

February 1876; Life Member 1912 

December 1876 

January 1877 

February 1877; Life Member 1877 

February 1878 

September 1878; Life Member 1883 

November 1878 

November 1878; Life Member 1887 

January 1879; Life Member 1885 

February 1879 

September 1879; Life Member 1901 


Presented by William Peescott Greenlaw 

The total accessions for the year 1922 number 1208 volumes, 495 
pamphlets, and 88 miscellaneous articles. Of these, 299 volumes and 
75 pamphlets were purchased; 843 volumes, 415 pamphlets, and 88 
miscellaneous articles were given or deposited; and 66 volumes and 
5 pamphlets were received in exchange. Two himdred and eighty- 
two genealogies were acquired during the year. 

Last year estimates were obtained for installing additional book- 
stacks to furnish shelving for the expansion of the Library. Upon 
consideration of the prices quoted, it was deemed inadvisable to do 
anything in the matter at that time. Li consequence of that decision, 
the growth of the Library has made it necessary to withdraw from 
use and place in storage many miscellaneous works, to provide space 
for the expansion of those classes of books which are in constant 
demand. The number of volumes withdrawn from use was about 


equal to those acquired during the last four years, and the number 
now accessible remains about the same as in 1918, when it waa 
determined that there were nearly 51,000 volumes on the shelves. 

There is an increasing demand for books to use at home, on the 
part of members who live at a distance and who cannot visit the 
Library in person. On account of this demand it has been found 
necessary from time to time to purchase duplicates of important 
works, when it was thought that the loan of the books wanted would 
lessen the usefulness of the Library as one of reference. These dupli- 
cates will eventually be needed to replace volumes that are wearing 
out through constant and hard usage. This practice also helps the 
institution financially by increasing the membership and retaining 
the interest of the members ia the work of the Society. Members 
can make this part of the service much more valuable by the donation 
of dupUcates of genealogies and local histories. 

The registration of visitors during the year just closed was the 
second highest since moving into the new building ten years ago, 
and was only about thirteen per cent below that of 1921, the banner 
year. Statistics of visitors have been kept since 1892, and show a 
gratifying increase in the use of the Library by nonmembers. Taking 
ten-year periods as a fair basis for comparison, these statistics show 
for each 100 in the first decade (1892-1901) 266 in the next (1902- 
1911) and 310 in the third period (1912-1921). The ratio for the 
opening year of the fourth decade (1922) was 355. 

A full supply of soft coal was purchased early in the season, before 
the price was advanced. The change from hard to soft coal will make 
a saving of nearly S700 for the year. The heating and ventilating 
plant, one of the best in this part of the country, has been examined 
by the engineer who planned it, and directions have been given to 
the man in charge for operating it in such a manner that there shall 
be no waste of fuel. This insures plenty of fresh air of the right 
temperature and humidity at aU times of the day for the average 
number of persons in the oflSces and the reading room. 

The greatest need of the Library at the present time, from the 
viewpoint of those who use it, as well as that of the Librarian, is an 
adequate index of the data in print relating to American families. 
Durrie's and Munsell's indexes came to an end in 1908, and did not 
fully cover the field, especially in the later years. While these guides 
served their purpose very well in their time, the entries in them are 
not full enough for the present day. What is needed now is a com- 
prehensive guide that will enable the searcher to determine from the 
index itself the probabUity of the volume indexed containing any- 
thing that would help him in his search, and save him from consulting 
a long hst of works useless for his quest. Such an index would also 
save the attendant at the desk in the Library much unnecesssary 
handling of books, and to some extent reduce the wear of the books 
and the expense of rebinding. A small beginning has been made at 
the Library in the compilation of such a guide, and a practical plan 
has been formulated for carrying on the work with whatever funds 
may be available for that purpose. The Librarian believes that this 



important work should be undertaken in earnest and carried through 
to completion, and recommends that funds be sought to carry on 
the undertaking. 


Presented by Thornton Kirkland Lotheop, A.B. 

Boston, 30 December 1922. 

The names and residences of those who have joined the Society 
during the year 1922 and of those who have been transferred from 
one class of membership to another are herewith submitted. 

Honorary Member 
Joha Venn Cambridge, Eng. 


Montague Spencer Giuseppi London, Eng. 

i Pilgrim Tercentenary Members by Succession 

■ John Vacher Bacot Utica, N. Y. 

i (succeeded John Vacher Bacot) 

5 Francis Corwin Millspaugh Lowell i 

I (succeeded Edward Judson Millspaugh) 

[ Samuel Dale Stevens, Jr Peace Dale, R. I. 

i (succeeded Samuel Dale Stevens) 

f Edward Foster Swift Chicago, 111. 

1 (succeeded Ann M. Higgins Swift) 

I Life Members 

Joseph Dayton Bascom St. Louis, Mo. 

Weston Pettit Brewster Dimock Standish, Me. 

Frederick Ayer Grant Somerville 

Edwin Denison Morgan New York, N. Y. 

Eliza Taft Newton Holyoke 

George Wood Wawa, Pa. 

Resident Members Transferred to Life Membership 

Albert Nickerson Murray Cambridge 

George Homer Partridge Bronxville, N. Y. 

Resident Members 

Mrs. Herbert B. Andrews (Bertha Goodrich) . . . Battle Creek, Mich. 

; Mrs. Charles Kelley Baker (Maude Maybelle Hallett) Auburn, R. I. 

I Mrs. Arthur E. Barter (Ida S.) Roslindale 

Charles Addison Bean Watertown 

Mrs. Frank AJden Besse (Mary Bryant Gammons) . Wareham 

; William Hall Best West Newton 



Jessie Edna Blackstone Anaconda, Mont. 

Mrs. Dwight Blaney (Edith White Hill) .... Boston 

Mrs. Benjamin Patterson Bole (Roberta Holden) . . Cleveland, Ohio 

Belle Oilman Brown .......... Boston 

Mrs. Elbridge Gerry Brown (Julia Watkins) . . Ann Arbor, Mich. 

Mrs. Winthrop Brown, Jr. (Margaret K.) . . . Cambridge 

William Sohier Bryant New York, N. Y. 

Mrs. Frank Cornelius Buckley (OUve Randall Smith) Superior, Wis. 

Mary Caroline Bucknam Swampscott 

Newell Cutler BuUard North Attleborough 

Mrs. Richard Charles Carrick (Anna Valentine Cramton) Keene, N. H. 

Charles Blanchard Carter Auburn, Me. 

Mrs. Elno Allston Carter (Lillian Wetherbee) . . . Everett 

Levi Badger Chase Sturbridge 

Mrs. WiUiam Henry Cole (Emihe Maris) .... Duluth, Minn. 

Mrs. Le Roy Benjamin Cox (Mary Bell CHft) . . Chicago, 111. 

Lydia Elizabeth Crawford Kittanning, Pa. 

Allen Potter Crolius Philadelphia, Pa. 

Mrs. James Hutchinson Cutter (Frank Adele) . . . North Litchfield, N. Y. 

Mrs. WiUiam Mehard Davidson (Nettie Adams) . Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Allen Stewart Davison Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Elmer Ellsworth Doe Orleans, Vt. 

Greorge Bucknam Dorr Bar Harbor, Me. 

Frank Edward Doyle Boston 

Mrs. Carroll Amos Dwinell (Mary Eliza Philbrook) Lynn 

George Thomas Eaton Andover 

James Williamson Eddy Boston 

Mrs. Sidney Albert Eldred (Grayce Undena Eliza Swift) Cody, Wyo. 

Mrs. Charles Lyman Ellis (Grace Perry) . . . . Anadarko,' Okla. 

Alexander Morton Emerson Boston 

Robert Adams Gibbs Los Angeles, Calif. 

Harry Wishard Glossbrenner Indianapolis, Ind. 

Elizabeth F. Gordon Bridgewater 

Mrs. Henry Reuben Grant (NeUie Izetta) .... Everett 

Eliza Rudd Greenwood New York, N. Y. 

Mrs. Herbert Wilder Hall (Mabel Buzzell Goodwin) HalloweU, Me. 

Albert Swan Hannaford Toledo, Ohio 

Stewart Henry Hartshorn Short Hills, N. J. 

Jessica Josephine Haskell Hallowell, Me. 

Mrs. Frank Reed Heustis (Eliza Josephine Thompson) Hyde Park 

Mrs. WiUiam Henry Hofifman (Mira Hettie) . . . Barrington, R. I. 

Mrs. Charles Mather Hogg (Clara Hyde Dewey) . Cadiz, Ohio 

Perry Oliver Holden Ashland 

Winifred Hohnan Watertown 

Mrs. Nelson Everett Howes (Nancy KeUogg Hubbard) Holyoke 

Arthiu* Crew Inman Boston 

Carrie Belle Jewett Grand Rapids, Mich. 

Percival Jones Cambridge 

Wayne Van Leer Jones Kansas City, Mo. 

Harold Dustin KUgore Gloucester 

Rear Admiral Austin Melvin Knight, U. S. N., Retired Washington, D. C. 

Mrs. Charles Langley (Laiu-a Elizabeth Walters) . Poplar Bluff, Mo. 

Mrs. Eldon Lee Larison (Jessie Ruth Hoyt) . . . Anaconda, Mont. 

Mrs. Charles Perry Lesh (Ora Wilkins) .... Indianapolis, Ind. 

Claud Frederick Lester Philippi, W. Va. 

Frederick M. Libby Boston 

Mrs. William Wallace McClench (Katharine Amanda 

HiU) Springfield 

Mrs. William Hyatt May (Martha Louise Woodward) Pittsfield 

Neal Francis Mears Chicago, lU. 

Mrs. Delmar James MiUer (Mamie Elizabeth Huggins) Stockton, Calif. 

WiUiam Alexander MiUer Grantwood, N. J. 

Mrs. Calvin Rawson MiUs (Stella Emeline Johnson) . WiUimantic, Conn. 


Stanley Brampton Parker Cambridge 

Charles Huntmgton Pennoyer Attleboro 

Charles Floyd Perkins • . . Brookline 

Mrs. Walter Bowen Phipps (Frances Bowman Smith) Boston 

Mrs. Mark Cordier Price (Ivie Johnson) .... Greensboro, N. C. 

Jeffry Howard Randerson Albany, N. Y. 

Mrs. Charles Clarence Read (Annie Wadsworth 

Hurlbutt) Arlington 

Mrs. Arthur Frithjoff Rees (Martha Baxter) . . Biltmore, N. C. 

Louise Tanner Reeve Buxton, N. Dak. 

Mrs. Alfred Charles Rippier (Anna Frances Congdon) Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Mrs. Alonzo Roberson (Margaret Hays) Binghamton, N. Y. 

Charles Levi Shedd Arlmgton 

Mrs. Clarence Reuben Sloan (Helen Cornwell HQl) . Marietta, Ohio 

Mrs. Theodore Lincoln Smith (Alice Louise Gage) . Concord 

Mrs. John T. Storm (Cora Elizabeth Brown) . . Union, S. C. 

I Susan Eliza Swallow South Hanover 

j John Ailes Taft Evanston, 111. 

i Mrs. John Sturtevant Thatcher (Amelia Elizabeth West) West Medford 

j Mrs. Eben Briggs Thomas (Helen Gertrude Streator) . Pasadena, Calif. 

Howard Goodell Thompson Walla Walla, Wash. 

j Nathan Elbert Truman Bainbridge, N. Y. 

I Walter Melvin Tuller New Rochelle, N. Y. 

I Mrs. Alice Benjamin Vail River Head, Long 

i Island, N. Y. 

\ Mrs. Robert Bums Walker (Adelaide Pauline Bangs) . Needham 

I John Whiting Webber , . Newton 

I Allan Hiram Whitman Maiden 

i Mrs. Andrew Chalmers Wilson (Mary Fuller Sturges) . Osterville 

I This gives a total of one Honorary Member, one Corresponding 

j Member, four successors to Pilgrim Tercentenary Members, six new 

• Life Members, two members transferred to Life Membership, and 

I ninety-five Resident Members. This has been another satisfactory 

5 year. The total number of new members in 1922 is one hundred and 

I seven, as compared with one hundred and seventeen in 1921; but, 

not counting the Honorary and Corresponding Members and the 
successors to previous memberships, the total number of new mem- 
bers is one himdred and one this year, exactly the same as in the 
previous year. 



The Treasurer submits herewith his annual report for the year 
ending 31 December 1922. 

Exhibit I 
Balance Sheet, 31 December 1922 


Real Estate (Society's Building and Land) . . . $220,000.00 

Library, Fixtures and Furnishings 112,270.92 

Real Estate (9A Ashburton Place) 55,585.41 

Cash 3,503.28 

Investments (Exhibit II) : 

Bonds $132,404.37 

Liberty Bonds 1,014.20 

Stocks 39,449.52 

Mortgage on Real Estate at 16 Somerset Street . . 14,300.00 

" " " " 18 " " . . 37,500.00 

Registers on hand ........... 5,780.45 

Genealogies and Miscellaneous Publications . . . 2,307.48 

Vital Records Stock 14,925.33 

Consolidated Index 2,888.40 

Genealogies from George Homer Partridge .... 100.00 


Inventory, Coal on hand 400.00 

" ' Paper on hand 488.78 

- $888.78 

Prepaid Insurance 264.50 

Account Receivable (rent due) 250.00 



Funds (Exhibit III) $589,121.84 

Premium Accoimt 2,075.68 

Mortgage Note Payable 44,000.00 

Income belonging to 1923: 

Admissions and Assessments $2,659.00 

Subscriptions to N. E. H. G. Register .... 770.00 

$3 429.00 

Surplus, Gain from 1922 $5,903.96 

Less Deficit, 1921 (Exhibit IV) ... . 1,097.84 




I Exhibit II 

I Investments 

^ BONDS Book Value 

I 2 Boston & Maine R. R. 6's, 1930 $2,000.00 

I 1 Boston & Maine R. R. 6's, 1930 500.00 

I 2 Chicago, Burlington & Quincy R. R. Co. 3H's, 1949 1,880.00 

i 5 Chicago, Burlington & Quincy R. R. Co. 4'8, 1958 4,890.62 

I 4 Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific Ry. Co. 4's, 1934 3,890.00 
I 10 Chicago Junction Rys. & Union Stockyards Co. 4's, 

I 1940 10,000.00 

\ 2 Cleveland, Cincinnati, Chicago & St. Louis R. R. 

\ Co. 6's, 1929 1,851.25 

i 5 Consolidated Coal Co. 5's, 1950 ...... 4,600.00 

! 8 City of Copenhagen 5H's, 1944 6,637.50 

5 Detroit Edison Co. 6's, 1940 4,802.50 

5 Dutch East Indies 6's, 1947 4,793.75 

2 Lake Shore & Michigan Southern Ry. Co. 4's, 1928 1,937.50 

5 Massachusetts Gas Co. Gold 4H's, 1929 . . . 4,956.25 

5 Milwaukee, Sparta & Northwestern Ry. Co. 4's, 

1947 4,627.50 

4 Missouri Pacific Ry. Co. 5's, 1965 ($500.00 each) . 2,000.00 

2 Minneapohs & St. Louis R. R. Co. 5's, 1934 . . 2,000.00 

3 New York Central & Hudson River R. R. Co. 3H's, 

]^99g _ 2 700.00 

New York Central R. R. Co. 6's, 1935 ." .' . '. 4^53o!oO 

6 New York Telephone Co. 6's, 1949 5,765.00 

\ 5 New York, New Haven & Hartford R. R. Co. SJ^'s, 

i 1947 5,000.00 

\ 5 Northern States Power Co. 5's, 1941 .... 4,382.50 

1 5 Northern Westchester Lighting Co. 5's, 1955 . . 4,450.00 

* 1 Pennsylvania-Ohio Power & Light Co. 7^*8, 1940 965.00 

* 5 Pacific Gas & Electric Co. 6's, 1941 5,000.00 

J 3 Pere Marquette R. R. Co. 5's, 1956 300.00 

I 3 Pere Marquette R. R. Co. 4's, 1956 3,000.00 

"i 5 Province of Ontario 5H's, 1937 5,225.00 

5 Puget Sound Power & Light Co. 7H's, 1941 . . 4,875.00 

„ 1 Riordon Co. Ltd. 8's, 1940 990.00 

: 5 Southern Pacific R. R. Co. 4's, 1949 .... 4,767.50 
; 8 United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 5J^'8, 

1929 and 1937 7,612.50 

5 United States Rubber Co. 5'si 1947 4,475.00 

3 Western Telephone & Telegraph Co. 5's, 1932 . . 3,000.00 

5 Western Union Telegraph Co. 4H's, 1950 . . . 5,000.00 

Total Book Value of Bonds $132,404.37 

1 United States Liberty Bond, 4J^% 1,014.20 

STOCKS Book Value 

195 shares American Telephone & Telegraph Co. . . $19,018.50 

625 shares Austin Water Co., No. 7 600.00 

50 shares Boston & Maine R. R., common. No. B23593 875.00 
15 shares Cambridge Gas Light Co., Nos. 4594, 4598, 

5331, 5801, 6284 2,686.02 

50 shares New England Power Co., preferred . . 4,737.50 

50 shares Pullman Co 6,107.50 

50 shares Standard Oil Co. of New Jersey, preferred, 

7% 5,425.00 

Total Book Value of Stocks $39,449.52 







^ Bonds $132,404.37 

I Liberty Bond 1,014.20 

I Stocks 39,449.52 

I Mortgages on Real Estate at 16 Somerset Street . . 14,300.00 

I " " " " " 18 " " . . 37,500.00 

I Total Investments (Exhibit I) $224,668.09 

I Exhibit III 

\ • Funds 

! Librarian Fund . . . .' $12,763.13 

Library Fund 110,601.76 

! Donors' Free Fund 1,305.00 

; Ebenezer Alden Fund 1,000.00* 

William Sumner Appleton Fund 293.02* 

Walter Titus Avery Fund 1,000.00 

John Barstow Fund 1,200.00 

Robert Charles Billings Fund 5,000.00 

I Robert Charles Billings Book Fund 5,000.00* 

I Henry Bond Fund 2,500.00* 

I John Merrill Bradbury Fund 2,500.00 

I Edward Ingersoll Browne Fund ; . 1,000.00 

I Cheney Memorial Book Fund 427.67* 

I Jonas Gihnan Clark Fund 2,000.00 

I Thomas Crane Fund 1,000.00* 

1 Cushman Genealogical Fund 521.97* 

I Horace Davis Fund 3,000.00 

I Benjamin Franklin Dewing Fund 187.67* 

\ Phny Earle Fund 1,000.00 

I Robert Henry Eddy Fund 36,788.00 

f Charles Louis Flint Fund 5,000.00 

^ John Foster Fund 5,000.00 

! CaroUne Sumner Freeman Fund 5,000.00 

I Charles Edward French Fund 1,000.00* 

i George Lambert Gould Fund 1,000.00 

-! Robert Cushman Hunnewell Memorial Fund . . . 5,000.00 

I Moses KimbaU Fund 5,000.00 

i Charles Lamed Fund 1,000.00 

: Williams Latham Fund 1,000.00 

George Sumner Mann Fund 2,462.07* 

Noah Martin Fund 200.44 

Moses Greeley Parker Fund 244.99 

Ira Ballou Peck Fund 1,000.00 

Marv Warren Russell Fund 3,000.00 

Pilgrim Tercentenary Memorial Fund 168,300.00 

Samuel Elwell Sawyer Fund 4,000.00 

Anne Elizabeth Sever Fund 5,000.00* 

Frank Edson Shedd Fund 500.00 

Edmund Farwell Slafter Fund 500.00* 

George Plumer Smith Fund 10,000.00 

Joseph Henry Stickney Fund 1,000.00 

Agnes Beville Tedcastle Fund 700.00* 

William Cleaves Todd Fund 11,000.00* 

WiUiam Blanchard Towne Memorial Fund . . . 3,000.00* 

William Blake Trask Fund 500.00 

John Harvey Treat Fund 10,000.00* 

Mehitable Calef Coppenhagen Wilson Fimd . . . 500.00 

Robert Charles Winthrop, Jr., Fund 3,000.00 

Cyrus Woodman Fund 1,000.00 

Carried forward $443,995.72 


Brought forward $443,995.72 

Victor Channing Sanborn Fimd 1,000.00 

Building Fund . 86,361.10 

Life Membership Fund 41,686.94 

Bulkeley Fund 468.00 

Eddy Town-Record Fund 5,434.99 

Reduction of Mortgage Fund 2,925.09 

Fund Income Account 7,250.00 

Total Funds (Exhibit I) 

The funds starred are more or less [restricted and 
amount to 

Exhibit IV 
Profit and Loss Account 

Income from Mortgage on Real Estate at 16 Somerset 

Income from Mortgage on Real Estate at 18 Somerset 

Income from Stocks and Bonds 

Income from Liberty Bonds 

Income from Real Estate (9A Ashburton Place) . 

Admissions and Assessments $7,692.00 

Less 1923 account 2,659.00 

Subscriptions to N. E. H. G. Register $2,160.00 

Less 1923 account 770.00 

General Income 

Interest on Mortgage $2,700.00 

Suspense Account 2,589.39 

Books for Library 776.17 

Binding _ 870.32 

Society's House, Care and Repairs 2,195.85 

Cataloguing 950.59 

Committee on Papers and Essays 403.94 

Special Cormnittee on Endowment and Members . . 2,529.05 

Heating and Lighting . 1,704.63 

Printing, Postage, and Stationery 2,196.93 

Printing N. E. H. G. Register 5,591.85 

Salaries 5,864.40 

Taxes and Insurance 213.72 

Committee on English Research 26.00 

Miscellaneous Expenses 432.52 

Deficit from Operations 

Transferred to Funds by vote of Council: 

Walter Titus Avery Fund $50.00 

Horace Davis Fund 118.75 

Victor Channing Sanborn Fund 42.75 












Reduction in value of Boston & Maine R. R. Stock 




I Brouaht forward $12,877.22 

I Increase in value of Society's Hoiise S17,781.18 

i Increase in value of Vital Records 1,000.00 

I §18,781.18 


i Profit and Loss Account for the year $5,903.96 

I Less Deficit for 1921 1,097.84 

I Balance to credit Profit and Loss, 31 December 1922 

I (Exhibit I) $4,806.12 

I ■ James M. Hunnewell, Treasurer. 

\ Auditors' Certificates 

; The books of the New England Historic Genealogical Society for the year 
ending 31 December 1922 have been audited by me and found to be correct, the 

j balance cash on hand as stated. The securities represented in the investment 

j accounts have not been verified by me. 

j Gideon M. Mansfield, 

! Boston, 30 January 1923. Certified Pvblic Accourdard. 

\ The undersigned hereby certify that they have examined the securities of the 

I New England Historic Genealogical Society and have foimd them to be in accord- 

i ance with the lists. 

I Harold Clarke Durrell "I ^^^^^^^ 

? J. Harvet White / 

i Boston, 1 February 1923. 



Boston, 30 December 1922. 

Balance on hand, 31 December 1921 $1,079.67 

Dividend No. 27, 15 February 1922 . 100.00 

Dividend No. 28, 17 May 1922 100.00 

Dividend No. 29, 18 August 1922 75.00 

Dividend No. 30, 20 November 1922 75.00 

Interest on deposits 12.29 

Books 1,052.21 

Net Balance on hand. Merchants National Bank, 30 December 1922 S389.75 

The property in the hands of the Trustees consists of fifty shares in the Cabot 
Manufacturing Company. 

Wm. Sumner Appleton 

James M. Hunnewell \ Trustees 

Francis N. Balch 



Presented by Rev. Lewis Wildeb Hicks, M.A. 
i [The dates in the first column indicate the years of election] 

\ Honorary Member 

\ 1890 Right Hon. James Bryce, Viscount Bryce, D.C.L., LL.D., Litt.D., 

I F.R.S., of Hindleap, Forest Row, co. Sussex, England, was bom at 

Belfast, Ireland, 10 May 1838, and died at Sidmouth, co. Devon, 

England, 22 January. 

Corresponding Member 

1904 DoRviL Miller Wilcox, B.A., M.D., of Lee, Mass., was bom at 
Lexington, N. Y., 15 Febmary 1841, and died at Pittsfield, Mass., 
25 January. 
1913 Edward Goulburn Sinckler, F. R. C. L, of Waverley, St. Lawrence, 
} Barbados, B. W. I., was bom at St. Michael's, Barbados, 19 

I November 1856, and died at Waverley 30 June. 

I Pilgrim Tercentenary Members 

\ 1920 Julia Lyman, of Cambridge, Mass., was bom in Boston 30 January 

I . 1859, and died at Cambridge 26 January, 

I 1921 George Robert White, of Boston, was bom at Lynn, Mass., 19 

; July 1847, and died in Boston 27 January. 

i 1919 Shepherd Brooks, A.M., of Boston and Medford, Mass., was bom 

: in Baltimore, Md., 23 July 1837, and died ia Boston 21 Febmary. 

I 1919 James Brown Potter, A.B., of New York City, was bom in New 

I York City 17 May 1853, and died at West Hampton, Va., 21 

i Febmary. 

} 1919 Samuel Dale Stevens, of North Andover, Mass., was born at 

North Andover 16 June 1859, and died there 21 February. 
1919 Mrs. Ann Marla (Higgins) Swift, of Chicago, lU., was bom at 

Eastham, Mass., 13 August 1843, and died in Chicago 19 May. 

1919 William Rockefeller, of New York City, was bom at Richford, 
N. Y., 31 May 1841, and died at North Tarrji^wn, N. Y., 24 June. 

1920 Edward Judson Millspaugh, of Utica, N. Y., was bom at 
Richmond, Staten Island, N. Y., 20 June 1861, and died at Utica 
14 July. 

1919 Mrs. Alice White (Shaw) Torrey, of Dorchester, Mass., was bom 
at South Weymouth, Mass., 6 Augiist 1836, and died at Dorchester 
18 August. 

1920 Albert Alvtn Jenks, of Pawtucket, R. I., was bom at Central FaUs, 
R. I., 1 November 1859, and died at Pawtucket 7 November. 

1919 James Pierce Stearns, of Brookline, Mass., was bom at Brookline 
10 February 1840, and died there 9 November. 

1920 William Widdicomb, of Grand Rapids, Mich., was bom at Exeter, 
CO. Devon, England, 12 July 1839, and died at Grand Rapids 
27 November. 

i — 


1919 Francis Wood Carpenteh, of Providence, R. I., was bom at Seekonk, 

Mass., 24 June 1831, and died at Providence 1 December. 
1921* KiHKLAND Hopkins Gibson, A.B., of Chestnut Hill, Mass., was 

bom at Medford, Mass., 12 January 1881, and died at Chestnut 

Hill 18 December. 
1919 Mes. Helen Frances (Adams) Dinsmore, of Staatsburgh on the 

Hudson, N. Y., was bom in Boston 18 October 1845, and died in 

New York City 22 December. 
1919 Timothy Hazen Fowler, of Holyoke, Mass., was bom in that part 

of West Springfield, Mass., which is now the town of Agawam, 

14 Febmary 1849, and died at Holyoke 23 December. 

Life Members 

1919 Hon. A. Augustine Butterfield, of Jacksonville, Vt., was bom 

at Wiknington, Vt., 25 June 1844, and died at JacksomiUe 1 

I January. 

I 1904 Mrs. Emily (Talbot) Walker, of San Mateo, Calif., was bom at 

I East Machias, Me., 12 September 1848, and died at San Mateo 

20 Febmary. 

1885 MosEs Jones Wentworth, A.M., LL.B., of Chicago, HI., was bom 

at Sandwich, N. H., 9 May 1848, and died in Chicago 12 March. 
1897 Jerome Carter Hosmer, of Dorchester, Mass., was bom at Framing- 
ham, Mass., 2 November 1834, and died at Dorchester 17 March. 
I 1901 Hon. George Winslow Wiggin, of Franklin, Mass., a life member 

; since 1902, was bom at Sandwich, N. H., 10 March 1841, and died 

I at Franklin 23 March. 

I 1909 Mrs. Mary Elisabeth (Newcomb) Addison, of Quincy, Mass.. 

I was bom at Quincy 30 May 1852, and died there 9 April. 

I 1891 Richard Middlecott Saltonstall, A.B., of Chestnut HiU, IMass., 

;- a life member since 1912, was bom at Chestnut Hill 28 October 

I 1859, and died at Brookline, Mass., 17 April. 

I 1905 William Fitzhale Abbot, A.B., of Worcester, Mass., was bom in 

; Boston 27 April 1853, and died at Worcester 21 April. 

; 1912 Hon. William Henry Harrison Stowell, of Amherst, Mass., 

s was bom at Windsor, Vt., 26 July 1840, and died at Ainherst 27 

; April. 

1911 Mrs. Eleanor Tracy (Eustis) Pattee, of Brookline, Mass., was 
bom in Boston 22 March 1851, and died at Coronado, CaM., 20 
1900 Henry Clay Jackson, of Boston, a life member since 1902, was 
bom at North Bridgewater (now Brockton), Mass., 19 April 1838, 
and died in Boston 21 May. 
1897 Levi Holbrook, M.A., of New York City, a Hfe member since 
1898, was bom at Westborough, Mass., 7 March 1836, and died at 
Centre Harbor, N, H., 26 July. 
1913 Waldo Elias Bo.uidman, D.M.D., of Boston, a life member since 
1919, was bom at Saco, Me., 1 September 1851, and died at Omaha, 
Nebr., 14 August. 
1921 Louis Ellsworth Laflin, C.E., of Princeton, N. J., was bom at Pitts- 
field, Mass., 23 March 1861, and died at Princeton 2 September. 

*Mr. Gibson succeeded in 1921 to the Pilgrim Tercentenary membership formerly held by his 
father, the late George Alonzo Gibson, A.B., LL.B. 


1913 Mrs. Abbib Susan (Jefts) Beede, of Hudson, Mass., was bom at 

Marlborough, Mass., 28 August 1859, and died at Hudson 16 

1868 Henkt Herbert Edes, A.M., of Cambridge, Mass., a life member 

since 1871, was bom at Charlestown, Mass., 29 March 1849, and 

died at Cambridge 13 October. 
1893 Henrt Cole Quinbt, A.M., LL.B., of New York City, a life 

member since 1919, was bom at Lake Village, N. H., 9 July 1872, 

and died in New York City 23 October. 
1876 Francis Hjinbt Manning, of Boston, was bom in Boston 26 August 

1847, and died there 31 October. 
I 1917 Hon. Morgan Gardner Bulkelet, M.A., LL.D., of Hartford, 

I Conn., was bom at East Haddam, Conn., 26 December 1837, and 

! died at Hartford 6 November. 

1921 William Goodsell Rockefeller, B.A., of New York City, was 

bom in New York City 21 May 1870, and died there 30 November, 
1907 Mrs. Elizabeth Sticknet (Clapp) Cheney, of Boston, was bom 

in Boston 23 August 1839, and died there 11 December. 

I Resident Members 

\ 1892 John Cotton Clapp, of Dorchester, Mass., was bom at Dorchester 

j 30 June 1837, and died there 9 January. 

\ 1891 George Augustus Sawter, A.B., of Cambridge, Mass., was bom 

I at Roxbury, Mass., 25 May 1857, and died at Cambridge 14 

I January. 

I 1921 Charles Henry Bradley, M.A., of Boston, was born at Johnson, 

I Vt., 13 Febmary 1860, and died in Boston 30 January. 

1 1903 Rev. Ebenezeb Thompson, A.B., B.D., of Sarasota, Fla., was bom 

i at Pomfret, Conn., 21 November 1846, and died at Sarasota 5 

; February. 

> 1913 Henry Dingley Coolidge, of Concord, Mass., was bom at Chelsea, 

I Mass., 26 August 1858, and died at Cambridge, Mass., 7 February. 

1 1904 Mrs. Alice Nichols (Coburn) Stevens, of Lowell, Mass., was 

I bom at Lowell 4 April 1851, and died there 9 Febmary. 

I 1904 Rev. Williston Walker, Ph.D., D.D., L.H.D., of New Haven, 

I Conn., was bom at Portland, Me., 1 July 1860, and died at New 

; Haven 9 March. 

1899 Augustus Larkin Thorndike, of Brewster, Mass., was born in East 

Boston 10 August 1861, and died in Boston 10 March. 
1897 Hartley Frederic Atwood, A.B., of Brookline, Mass., was bom 
at Chelsea, Mass., 19 December 1861, and died at Brookline 11 
1920 William Franqs Warden, of Boston, was bom at Bath, Me., 

2 June 1872, and died in New York City 22 March. 
1917 Lucy Carpenter Sweet, of Attleboro, Mass., was born at Worcester, 

Mass., 29 December 1855, and died at Attleboro 23 March. 
1912 Herbert Wood Kimball, of Newton, Mass., was bom in Boston 

■ 3 March 1840, and died at Newton 10 April, 

1903 Nathan Warren, of Waltham, Mass., was bom at Waltham 11 
February 1838, and died there 11 April. 
; 1898 George Sawin Stewart, B.A., of Watertown, Mass., was bom at 

■ Newton, Mass., 30 March 1870, and died at Watertown 17 April. 


1920 Mrs. Emilte Sniffbn (Lebhee) Fthth, of South Orange, N. J. , was born 
in New York City 25 April 1854, and died at South Orange 26 April. 

1912 Mrs. Ann Jane (Felton) Ward, of Roxbury, Mass., was bom at 

Barre, Mass., 25 July 1840, and died at Roxbury 8 May. 
1896 Col. Josiah Granville Leach, LL.B., of Philadelphia, Pa., was 

bom at Cape May Coiul; House, N. J., 27 July 1842, and died in 

Philadelphia 27 May. 
1895 Andrew Marcellus Kidder, of Somerville, Mass., was bom at 

Chariestown, Mass., 20 May 1845, and died at Somerville 9 June. 

1915 Mrs. Ella Florence (Hott) Flickinger, of Little Rock, Ark., was 

bom at Brandon, Mich., 18 August 1861, and died at Little Rock 
24 June. 

1916 Mrs. Margaret (Kimball) Cxjmmings, of Boston, was bom in 

Boston 19 October 1841, and died at Topsfield, Mass., 14 July. 

1889 Alexander Graham Bell, Ph.D., M.D., LL.D., Sc.D., of Wash- 

ington, D. C, was bom in Edinburgh, Scotland, 3 March 1847, 
and died near Baddeck, Cape Breton, 2 August. 

1890 Hon. Edward Francis Johnson, A.B., LL.B., of Wobum, Mass.. 

was bom at Wobum 22 October 1856, and died there 23 September, 

1913 James William Sullivan, of Boston, was bom at Bradford, Me., 

30 November 1848, and died at Brookline, Mass., 24 September. 

1918 Mrs. Emma Frances (Upham) Almt, of East Brookfield, Mass., 

was bom at East Brookfield 22 May 1861, and died there 11 October. 

1917 Frank Whitney, of Boston, was bom at Lynn, Mass., 2 July 1846, 

and died in Boston 30 October. 

1904 Gen. Lucius Albert Barbour, of Hartford, Conn., was bom at 
Madison, Ind., 26 January 1846, and died at Hartford 6 November. 

1862 Charles Sumner Fellows, of Minneapolis, Minn., a resident 
member from 1862 to 1878, a corresponding member from 1878 to 
1894, and a resident member again since 1894, was bom at Bangor, 
Me., 18 May 1838, and died at Minneapolis 28 November. 

1904 Elisha Rhodes Brown, of Dover, N. H., was bom at Cranston, 

R. I., 28 March 1847, and died at Dover 25 December. 

Deaths that occurred in ■previous years, but not recorded until now 
1880 Edward Howard Baker, of Rockford, Dl., a corresponding member, 

was bom at Ferrisburgh, Vt., 5 April 1828, and died at Rockford 

26 January 1897. 
1884 Sir John Campbell Allen, LL.D., D.C.L., of Fredericton, N. B., 

a corresponding member from 1884 to 1890 and an honorary 

member since 1890, was bom in the parish of Kingsclear, York Co., 

N. B., 1 October 1817, and died at Fredericton 27 September 1898. 
1915 Victor Hugo Hamilton, B.A., of East Liberty, Ohio, a resident 

member, was bom at East Liberty 7 March 1886, and died there 

15 April 1918. 
1902 Mrs. Sarah (Brown) Fowler, of Guilford, Conn., a resident 

member, was born at Collinsville, Conn., 27 August 1846, and died 

at Guilford 21 April 1921. 

1905 Lambert Bigelow Lawrence, of Foxborough, Mass., a life 

member, was bom at Marlborough, Mass., 2 May 1872, and died 
in Boston 28 May 1921. 
1908 John Woolf Jordan, LL.D., of Philadelphia, Pa., a corresponding 
member, was born in Philadelphia 14 September 1840, and died 
there 11 June 1921. s 


OF 'I' H y. 

Prepared by Rev. Lewis Wildeb Hicks, M.A., Historian 

The following pages contain obituary notices of members who 
died during the year 1922, with the addition of nine who died in 
preceding years. The notices are arranged in the order in which 
the deaths occurred. 


Edward Howaed Baker, of Rockford, 111., a corresponding 
member since 1880, was born at Ferrisburgh, Vt., 5 April 1828, the 
son of Ira Watson and Mira (Noble) Baker, and died at Rockford 
26 January 1897. He traced his descent from Alexander^ Baker of 
Boston, Mass., who came from London in 1635 in the Elizabeth and 
Ann, aged 28, with his wife Ehzabeth and two children, through 
Joshua^ of New London, Conn., John' of Woodbury, Conn., Elisha* 
of Woodbury, Elisha* of Clarendon, Vt., and Ira Watson* of Ferris- 
burgh, his father. His mother, Mira Noble, was fifth in descent from 
Thomas^ Noble, who was in Boston in 1652 and resided later at 
Springfield and Westfield, Mass., through Matthew^ of Westfield, 
Obadiah' of Sheffield, Mass., Peter* of Sheffield, and Solomon^ of 
Ferrisburgh, Vt., her father. 

His early childiiood was spent in his native town and in the neigh- 
boring city of Vergennes. When he was about nine years old, his 
father migrated to the West, and, after living for two ytears at 
Madison, then in Geauga Co., but now in Lake Co., Ohio, took up 
his abode at Rockford, Winnebago Co., 111., on 6 October 1838, only 
two years after the first survey of the pubhc lands in this county 
was begun. Yoimg Edward accompanied his father into the hard- 
ships of pioneer life, and was identified with that section of Illinois 
from his eleventh year until his death — a period of almost sixty years. 

His early education was obtained at private schools and from 
special teachers, and embraced a thorough course in the common 
branches and in mathematics, natural science, history, literature, 
Latin, Greek, and French. He was admitted to the freshman class 
of Knox College, Galesburg, 111,, in June 1845, and in the following 
September, as a freshman, entered Illinois College, at Jacksonville, 
in the same State. He did not complete the college course, however, 
but left college in 1846 and became a teacher in the common schools 
— first at Athens, then in Sangamon Co., but now in Menard Co.,. 
111., and in 1847 at Grand Detour, Ogle Co., HI. In May of the latter 
year he engaged in business; but in 1852 he entered upon the study 
of law and in 1854 was admitted to the bar. He never ceased, how- 



ever, to be a student, and in his later years, in addition to his legal 
studies, continued to delve into history, literature, French, German, 
Latin, books on travel, and biography, and devoted much time to 
collecting and arranging genealogical material relating to the descend- 
ants of has immigrant ancestor, Alexander Baker. 

Mr. Baker was not only a leading member of the bar of Winnebago 
County but was also active and prominent in the development of 
his adopted town and the region around it. From 1847 to 1852 he 
served as assistant postmaster at Rockford, and from 1858 to 1864 
he was a master in chancery for Winnebago County. He became 
connected as secretary with the beginnings of various railroad enter- 
prises in that part of Illinois, 1856-1864, and held the oflBce of mayor 
of Rockford in 1866 and 1868 and that of city attorney in 1876. He 
was prominent also in Masonic circles, and was the last survivor of 
the twelve charter members of Rockford Lodge, No. 102, organized 
13 February 1851. In politics he was at first a Whig, as was his 
father, but in 1854 he took an active part in organizing the Republi- 
can Party in Winnebago Coimty. Like his paternal ancestors from 
Alexander Baker down, he was attached to the Congregational 

In later life Mr. Baker looked back with justifiable satisfaction 
on the part that he had taken in promoting the welfare of the com- 
munity in which he lived. In 1880, when he accepted election as a 
corresponding member of the New England Historic Genealogical 
Societ3'', he wrote: 

"Let the biographer of 'my times' gazette me among the 'rank and file.' 
If the money that might have been accumulated into riches has been scat- 
tered here and there for the begitmiag of schooLs, libraries, churches, and 
needed charities, my children shall not lose their inheritance. If I have 
served my City, State, or Country, they are not ungrateful, because they 
have more worthy servants than they have honors to bestow. And if at 
home or in society I have done anything of which it might be said 'well 
done,' let that be my record and my reward." 

On account of poor health the later years of his life were passed 
quietly, and after his retirement from active pursuits he seldom left 
Rockford. In 1876 he visited Boston, New York, and Washington, 
and attended the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia. In 1893 
he saw the Columbian Exposition in Chicago. 

A tribute to him published in a local paper the day after his death 
characterized him as follows: 

" Mr. Baker was a man of fine mind, of high intellectual attainments. He 
was a deep and careful student, an omnivorous reader, and possessed a 
wonderful memory. He was ever eager to enrich his mind with a knowledge 
of the best things in the arts, sciences and fiteratiu'e. Perhaps no person 
in the city was better informed on colonial history than he, and his researches 
in similar fields were marked by the same thoroughness. . . . Mr. Baker 
was one of the kindhest, most genial of men. He was a progressive, energetic 
citizen, and a man of the strictest integrity." 

Mr. Baker married at Rockford, 26 April 1852, Lucy Frances 
Marsh, born at Adams, Jeflferson Co., N. Y., 2 August 1833, daughter 
of Col. Jason and Harriet Moore (Spafiford) Marsh. Colonel Marsh 



was closely associated with his son-in-law in many public services. 
Mrs. Baker survived her husband by several years, dying in 1914. 
Their children, bom at Rockford, were: 1. Myra Frances, born 
5 November 1858; living unmarried at Rockford in 1922. 2. Charles 
ii Henry, born 14 October 1860; living in 1922. 3. Edward William, 

bom 6 May 1866; died 28 November 1920. Three brothers of Mr. 
Baker also survived him, namely, Charles G., William B., and 
Henry N., but all three are now deceased. 


Sir John Campbell Allen, Ejaight, LL.D., D.C.L., of Frederic- 
ton, N. B., a corresponding member from 1884 to 1890 and an 
honorary member since 1890, was bom in the parish of Kingsclear, 
York Co., N. B., 1 October 1817, the son of John and Jane (Blair) 
Allen, and died at Fredericton 27 September 1898. 
His grandfather, Isaac Allen, practised law at Trenton, N. J., 
j previous to the American Revolution. He was loyal to the British 

i Crown, served as lieutenant colonel of the Second Battalion, New 

1 Jersey Volunteers, and settled in Nova Scotia in 1783. When the 

I Province of New Brunswick was organized, he was appointed a 

f justice of the Supreme Court, and held that office until his death, 

I in October 1806. He married Sarah Campbell, a native of Philadel- 

I phia. Pa, 

I John Allen, son of Isaac and Sarah (Campbell) AUen and father 

I of the subject of this memoir, was born in Annapolis Co., N. S., 

I 27 June 1784, and died in the parish of Kingsclear, N. B., 29 April 

I 1875. His first wife, Jane Blair, the mother of Sir John Campbell 

I Allen, was born at Fredericton, N. B., and died in 1822. John Allen 

I was for many years a prominent factor in the civil and military affairs 

I of the Province of New Brunswick. In his younger days he was a 

1 captain in the New Brunswick Fencibles, a corps raised in the 

'. Province during the War of 1812 and commanded by Gen. John 

i Coffin. That regiment was disbanded in 1817; and he was subse- 

\ quently appointed heutenant colonel and inspecting field officer of 

the Provincial Militia, serving in that capacity until the office was 
abolished, and later he was appointed quartermaster general. From 
1809 to 1847 he represented York County in the Provincial Assembly. 
John Campbell Allen was educated at the CoUegiate School in 
Fredericton, and studied law with Hon. John Simcoe Saunders, son 
of the then chief justice of New Brunswick. He was admitted as an 
attorney in October 1838, and became a member of the bar of the 
Supreme Court of New BrunswicTc in October 1840. As a young man 
he was active in military affairs, joining as early as 1835 a volunteer 
company of artillery that in 1838 became part of a regiment known 
as the New Brunswick Royal Artillery. He rose to the rank of 
captain in the militia (1840), served from 1844 to 1848 as aide-de- 
camp on the staff of Sir WiUiam Colebrook, Lieutenant Governor of 
New Brunswick, and retired from the service in 1865. 

His most important services to New Brunswick were performed 
in civil life. In 1845 he was appointed one of the commissioners to 


settle the claims to land in the Madawaska Settlement, under 
Article Four of the Treaty of Washington of 1842, commonly called 
the Ashburton Treaty. That part of the disputed territory which 
became British soil was inhabited by Acadian French, to whom the 
Provincial Government refused to issue grants; and from 1845 to 
1847 the commission appointed to investigate and adjust these 
difficulties was engaged in hearing and determining the claims of all 
settlers between the Grand Falls of the St. John River and the 
St. Francis River. In 1847 he published the "Rules of the Supreme 
Court of New Brunswick," with notes relating to the practice of the 
Court, a book commonly known as "Allen's Rules," In 1849 he 
was appointed reporter of the decisions of the Supreme Court, and 
the six volumes of decisions which he published are known as "Allen's 
Reports." From November 1851 to January 1856 Mr. AUen served 
as clerk of the Provincial Executive CouncU. In 1852 he was elected 
mayor of Fredericton and held the office for three years, and was 
the first mayor of Fredericton to be elected by popular vote, this 
office having previously been filled by appointment of the Coimcil. 
In February 1856 he was elected a representative from York Coimty 
to the General Assembly of New Brunswick, and in May 1856 was 
appointed solicitor general, holding that office until the following 
year, when his party was defeated. Declining the position of queen's 
counsel in 1860, he reentered the Assembly in 1862, was elected 
speaker, and served as such until the dissolution of the Assembly 
in 1865. He was again returned to the Assembly as an opponent of 
confederation in April of that year, and was appointed attorney 
general. In June 1865 he and Hon. Albert J. Smith, afterwards Sir 
Albert J. Smith, were sent as delegates to London, to present the 
objections of New Brunswick to the proposed Canadian Confedera- 
tion. On 21 September 1865 he was appointed a judge of the Supreme 
Court of New Brunswick, and on 8 October 1875 he succeeded Hon. 
William J. Ritchie as chief justice. On 8 October 1866 he had been 
appointed vice president of the Court of Governor and Council, 
for determining suits relating to marriage and divorce; and in June 
1878 he was elected, in place of the late Governor Wihnot, as an 
arbitrator in the Northwestern Boundary dispute, the other arbi- 
trators being Sir Edward Thornton, British minister at Washington, 
and Chief Justice Harrison of Ontario. But, unfortunately, his 
judicial duties would not permit him to enter upon this work, and 
he accordingly resigned. 

He received the degree of Doctor of Laws from the University of 
New Brunswick in 1882, and thaf of Doctor of Civil Law from 
King's College, Windsor, N. S., in 1890. He was knighted by Queen 
Victoria in 1889. In 1888 on the fiftieth anniversary of his admission 
as an attorney, he was presented with a valuable piece of plate by 
the members of the St. John bar; and in 1893 the New Bnmswick bar 
presented to the Supreme Court a life-size portrait of the Chief 
Justice, which now hangs in the court room in Fredericton. 

In November 1893, while holding court at St. Andrews, Charlotte 
Co., N. B., Chief Justice Allen was stricken with paralysis, and this 

I MEMOIRS xliii 

i illness compelled him to resign his oflBce and to retire from public 

I life and eventually caused his death. 

I Chief Justice Allen was a commimicant of the Chiu-ch of England. 

I He was a highly valued member of the synod and church society of 

i the diocese, a warden of the parish church for twenty years, and in 

I 1877 and 1880 a delegate to the Provincial Synod at Montreal. His 

I ability and high personal character were known and appreciated by 

I his many acquaintances of the legal profession in the United States 

I as well as throughout the Dominion of Canada; and his enforced 

I retirement from the seat of honor which he had so long and so 

! ably filled was looked upon with sincere regret. 

i He was twice proffered the lieutenant-governorship of his native 

' Province, first in 1878, by Alexander MacKenzie, the leader of the 

' Liberal Government of that day, and secondly in 1893, by the then 
Conservative administration. 
He married, 3 July 1845, Margaret Austin Drury, daughter of 

; Charles Drury, Esq., a captain in the Twenty-ninth Regiment of 

j Infantry, who died at St. John in 1835. Seven sons and two daughters 

I were born of this union, namely, John, now deceased, Charles Drmy, 

i who died at sea in August 1882, William K., now deceased, Thomas 

I Carleton, K.C., D.C.L., of Fredericton, now registrar of the Supreme 

I Court and deputy attorney general, Frances, who died in 1856, 

} Hon. Edmund Head, now of Fredericton, and George Winthrop, 

I Henry, and another daughter — aU three now deceased. 


Victor Hugo Hamilton, B.A., of East Libert}'", Logan Co., Ohio, 
a resident member since 1915, was born at East Liberty 7 March 
1886, the son of Fremont C. and Cora DeU (James) Hamilton, and 
died there 15 April 1918. He was fifth in descent from Hugh Hamilton 

and his wife, (Walker), through their son James, who was 

born 24 May 1754, married Mary Craine (born 15 July 1752, died 
near Titusville, Pa., 8 January 1824), and died at Cherrytree, Venango 
Co., Pa., 15 February 1837. Richard Hamilton, son of James, was 
born 10 March 1784, married Ann Reynolds (born 4 June 1789, died 
at Cherrytree 17 September 1830), daughter of William and Lydia 
(Thomas) Reynolds, and died at Cherrytree 18 December 1844. 
James Walker Hamilton, son of Richard, was bom 22 October 
1811, married, 3 April 1839, Climena Allen (bom at Montpelier, 
Vt., 9 February 1814, died at East Liberty, Ohio, 20 July 1893), 
daughter of Asaph and Sarah (McCloud) AUen, migrated to Ohio, 
and died at East Liberty 1 August 1879. His son, Fremont C. 
Hamilton, father of the subject of this memoir, was born at East 
Liberty 27 October 1856, married, 28 June 1883, Cora DeU James 
(born at East Liberty 15 February 1859), daughter of Spain N. and 
Nancy M. (Howe) James, and resides at East Liberty. 

Victor Hugo Hamilton was prepared for college at the East Liberty 
High School and the Toledo (Ohio) High School, entered the Ohio 
State University, at Columbus, in 1904, and received there the 
degree of Bachelor of Arts in 1908. 


After leaving the University he entered the Hamilton Bank at 
East Liberty as assistant cashier, and in 1915 was promoted to the 
position of cashier, which he held until Ulness compelled his retire- 
ment. In 1916 he was elected treasurer of the township in which 
he lived, and was fulfilling the duties of this office at the time of 
his death. 

A man of pleasing, genial disposition, Mr. Hamilton had numerous 
friends both in business and social circles, and took a prominent 
part in the civic life of the community. He was also affiliated with 
the Masons and Odd Fellows. 

He married, 28 June 1912, Gretchen H. Lawson, born at Belle- 
fontaine, Ohio, 3 January 1893, daughter of Thomas E. and Rosa 
(Lease) Lawson, who survives him, with two children, John Lawson 
Hamilton and Donald Hamilton. His parents and two sisters, Mrs. 
Lucy Miller of Lorain, Ohio, and Donna Hamilton of East Liberty, 
are also living. 


Hon. Alfred William Savart, M.A., D.C.L., of Annapolis 
Royal, N. S., a corresponding member since 1913, was bom at 
Plympton, Digby Co., N. S., 10 October 1831, the son of Sabine and 
Olive (Marshall) Savary, and died at Annapolis Royal 30 March 
1920, his death having been reported in the Necrology for 1921. 

He was descended from several families of early New England. 
Thomas^ Savory was in the service of the Pl5rmouth Colony in 
April 1634, being a member of the expedition led by John Howland 
against the trespasser Hocking on the Kennebec, and afterwards 
lived for many years at Plymouth. In his will, dated 1 April 1674 
and proved 7 March 1676, he leaves all his estate to his wife Ann. 
From this Thomas Savory the subject of this memoir was descended 
through SamueP of Plymouth and Rochester, Mass., born 4 June 
1651, Thomas' of Rochester and Plymouth, born 3 October 1681, 
died about 1731, Uriah,* born 30 April 1708, who married, 3 Sep- 
tember 1738, Deborah Bumpus (born 31 August 1713, died 16 
February 1792), daughter of Isaac and Mary (Perry) Bumpus of 
Rochester, and Nathan,^ born in 1748, who served in the Colonial 
forces in the early days of the Revolutionary War, fighting then, as 
he claimed, "for redress of grievances, but not for independence," 
but did not favor the separation of the Colonies from Great Britain 
and migrated after the War to Nova Scotia. At. Digby in that 
Province he married, 28 May 1785, as his second wife, Deidamia 
Sabin, daughter of Jeremiah and Susanna (Le Valley) Sabin, and a 
descendant through her mother of the Huguenot family of Levalley 
or La valine, which came to Marblehead, Mass., from France or from 
the Channel Islands. Nathan^ Savary, who died in 1826, was the 
father of seventeen children, five by his first wife, Elizabeth Nye, 
and twelve by his second wife, Deidamia Sabin. The second child 
and oldest son by his second marriage was Sabine® Savary, who was 
born 20 March 1788, and died 1 May 1878. He married, 15 November 
1821, Olive Marshall, born at Yarmouth, N. S., 11 April 1801, 
daughter of Samuel and OUve (Haskell) Marshall. Samuel Marshall 


was a prominent merchant and shipowner of Yarmouth and a 
member of the Provincial Parliament from 1812 until his death 
the next year at the age of 55. Olive Haskell's father, William 
Haskell, Jr., came with his father, William, Sr., from Beverly, Mass., 
about 1767, and was one of the early settlers of Yarmouth. Sabine' 
Savary always resided in Plympton, Digby Co., where he carried 
on trade with Eastport, Me., Boston, and St. John, N. B., and in 
his later years engaged in shipbuilding. From early manhood he 
was a member of the Church of England. He was the father of three 
daughters and one son, of whom the last-mentioned, Alfred William, 
is the subject of this memoir. 

Through Mary (Perry) Bimipus, daughter of Ezra and Rebecca 
.(Freeman) Perry of Sandwich, Mass., and mother of his great- 
grandmother, Deborah (Bumpus) Savery, Alfred WUliam Savary 
was also a descendant of Elder William Brewster and Gov. Thomas 
Prence of the Plymouth Colony. 

He was prepared for college by private tutors and at the Windsor 
College School, and entered King's College, at Windsor, N. S., where 
he received the degree of Bachelor of Arts in 1854, that of Master of 
Arts in 1857, and the honorary degree of Doctor of Civil Law in 
1909. At college he distinguished himself especially in the classics. 

Choosing the law as his profession, he studied iu New Brimswick, 
was admitted to the bar of that province in 1857, and, after practising 
for four years at St. John, returned to Nova Scotia in 1862 and con- 
tinued his professional career at Digby. 

For three years he served as inspector of pubhc schools for Digby 
County. In 1863 he entered pohtics as an imsuccessful candidate for 
a seat in the Nova Scotia Legislature. In 1867, however, as an anti- 
confederation candidate in Digby County, he was elected to the 
First ParUament of the Dominion of Canada by an overwhelming 
majority, and for the first two years as a member of that body gave 
vigorous support to the pohcy of those favoring a repeal of the 
newly formed union. In 1870 the opposition to the Dominion 
decreased, and Mr. Savary went over to the side of the Government 
and was reelected to the Second Parhament of the Dominion, in 
1872, as a Government candidate. His parliamentary career, how- 
ever, came to an end in 1874, when he was defeated in the general 
election. For some time previous to his death he was, with perhaps 
one exception, the last surviving member of the First ParUament of 
the Dominion. 

In his chosen profession he was recognized as a leader of marked 
ability, he was created queen's coimsel in 1870, and was appointed, 
21 August 1876, a judge of the newly established county courts for 
the counties of Annapohs, Digby, and Yarmouth, a position which 
he held until his retirement on a pension in 1907. "As a judge," 
says a Nova Scotia newspaper, "he was fearless in his decisions and 
enjoyed the respect and confidence of everyone." 

It is, however, as a genealogist and antiquarian and as the his- 
torian of Annapolis County that Judge Savary merits special com- 
memoration in these pages. Among his numerous writings should be 
mentioned his "Genealogical and Biographical Record of the Savery 


Families . . . and of the Severy Family," published in Boston in 
1893, with a Supplement published in 1905, and his "History of the 
County of AnnapoUs," published in 1897, and based on material 
gathered by the late W. A. Calnek, which, at the request of the 
estate of the latter, Judge Savary undertook in 1893 to edit and 
complete. In 1907 he published "The Narrative of Col. David 
Fanning, a Loyalist of North Carolina in the American Revolution," 
in 1911 he contributed to the London Genealogist a paper (afterwards 
reprinted in pamphlet form) on the ancestry of Gen. Sir WUliam 
Fenwick Williams of Kars, and a partial Jolmston genealogy and a 
Hunt genealogy, both from his pen, were published in The New York 
Genealogical and Biographical Record. In the Halifax Acadian Recorder 
of 20 April 1920 Rev. Arthur Wentworth Hamilton Eaton, D.C.L., 
of Boston, a native of Nova Scotia, a member of the New England 
Historic Genealogical Society, and a well-known writer and authority 
on Nova Scotia history and genealogy, paid to Judge Savary as an 
historian a well-deserved tribute, which is in part as follows : 

"The service to local history in our province rendered by the late Judge 
Savary in the course of his long life, although recognized cordially by our 
various provincial newspapers, deserves from a brother local historian an 
especial tribute of unqualified praise. 

"The faithful and accurate local historian in these enlightened da}'^ is 
rightly considered a benefactor to society, and his work is held in the high 
esteem it deserves. Judge Savary, like the late Mr. Israel Longworth, of 
Truro, was a born historian, and he must early have begun to gather facts 
for the valuable work he later put into print in books and pamphlets. On 
the shelves of the various libraries in Boston, as elsewhere, stand his ' Savary 
Genealogy,' a work that family historians constantly appeal to and will 
always highly prize, and the 'History of AnnapoHs County,' largely prepared 
by the late Mr. Calnek, another bom historian of our pro%'ince, but edited 
and published with stupendous labor and expense by Judge Savary, without 
whose interest in such work we should have no history in print of the county 
in which our provincial history begins. ... To future generations his 
work in connection with Mr. Calnek's wUl stand as one of the most valuable 
literary products of Nova Scotia in the nineteenth centiury, or indeed in 
any time." 

Judge Savary was a member of the Nova Scotia Historical Society, 
the meetings of which he attended regularly, taking an active interest 
in its proceedings, of the Wiltshire (England) Archaeological Society, 
of the American Historical Association, and of the Champlain Society, 
a corresponding member of the New England Historic Genealogical 
Society and of the New York Genealogical and Biographical Society, 
and an honorary fellow of the Manorial Society of England. 
' He was a communicant of the Anglican Church, and took a very- 
deep interest in its work. He was a member of the Diocesan, Pro- 
vincial, and General SjTiods of the Church, attended almost every 
session of each body, and served on several committees of each. 

He married first, 20 February 1877, EKzabeth Crookshank Otty, 
born 29 November 1851, died 8 October 1887, daughter of Henry 
Phipps and Hetty (Howe) Otty of St. John, N. B.; and secondly, 
16 June 1892, Eliza Theresa Hunt, daughter of Rev. Abraham Spurr 
and Catherine (Johnston) Hunt, who survived him. By his first 

MEMOIRS xlvii 

wife he had four children, viz.: 1. Rev. Thomas William, B.A. 
(Toronto University, 1900), Rector of St. James' Church, Kingston, 
Ontario, born 8 January 1878; married, in July 1905, Edna Neve, 
daughter of Reginald Neve of Winnipeg, Manitoba. 2. EflSe Howe, 
born 4 February 1879; died unmarried 28 April 1896. 3. Henry Phipps 
Otty, a barrister of Calgary, Alberta, born 12 September 1880. 
4. John Howe, born 28 January 1882; died 28 January 1913. 

Funeral services for Judge Savary were held at St. Luke's Church, 
Annapolis Royal, on 1 April 1920, and the interment was at Digby. 

H. E. S. 

Jacob Heney Schiff, of New York City, a Pilgrim Tercentenary' 
member siace 1919, was born at Frankfort on the Main, Germany, 
10 January 1847, the son of Mortimer Schiff, and died at his home in 
New York City 25 September 1920, after an illness of about six 
months, his death having been reported in the Necrology for 1920. 
In his veiQS flowed the blood of those who have left their imprint 
upon Jewish life in Germany, and his ancestors included scholars 
and leaders in a community which has been the mirror of the active 
life of the Jewish spirit during the past century. 

His early education was obtained from resoiu-ces within his native 
city, and he took his first steps in finance in the banking house of a 
relative. Endowed with a keen perception and clear judgment, 
which dominated his character and won him his position, wealth, 
and esteem in maturer life, he early saw the greater possibiUties of 
success in America and emigrated hither in 1865, at the age of eighteen. 
His first position here was as clerk in a bank, where his natural 
acimien and energy won him promotion and in a short time the 
junior partnership in the new brokerage firm of Dodge, Schiff & 

Conscious of the restrictions of his education, Mr. Schiff went 
to Europe to study advanced financial methods. Upon his return 
in 1875, he married the daughter of Solomon Loeb, head of the 
banking house of Kuhn, Loeb & Company, where he was admitted 
into partnership and esteemed for his counsel. Ten years later, in 
1885, when Mr. Loeb retired, he was made the head of the firm, 
which has so expanded its business as to stand as one of the great 
banking houses of the world. 

It was the support of Mr. Schiff and his firm that helped E. H. 
Harriman to accomplish the great financial venture whereby the 
Union Pacific Railroad was reorganized in 1897 and later o.btained 
control of the Southern Pacific and other raUroads. It was in recog- 
nition of Mr. Harriman's ability as a railroad organizer that Mr. 
Schiff gave him such support, although he was a warm personal 
friend of James J. Hill, Mr. Harriman's rival in the struggle for the 
control of the transcontinental lines. The ability of Kuhn, Loeb & 
Company to back great projects constituted them benefactors of 
the country, for it was their money that made the Pennsylvania 
Railroad tunnel into New York City a possibility, that raised the 
renowned Pennsylvania RaUroad Station, that placed miUions of 


dollars worth of Pennsylvania bonds in France, and that floated a 
bond issue of $200,000,000 for the Japanese Government to aid in 
carrying on the war against the Russians. Mr. Schiff's sympathies 
were deeply aflfected by the oppression of the Russian people, and 
the action of his firm was his way of aiding the foes of the old regime ; 
but later he is said to have regretted his action, as he considered 
that the Japanese nation had become a greater peril. 

Respected for his honor and integrity in business affairs, Mr. 
Schiff enjoyed a very wide and cosmopolitan circle of business 
friends. Added to these were personal friends who shared in his 
social pleasures and benefactions, for he was connected as an officer, 
trustee, or donor with a countless number of business houses and 
philanthropic institutions. Among his charities may be mentioned 
his munificent gift to Barnard College, his gift of the Semitic Museum 
to Harvard University, generous contributions to the Jewish Theo- 
logical Seminary of New York City, and lavish sums for war-rehef 
work of all kinds. 

;Mr. Schiff knew no racial distinctions. He was an American citizen 
first and foremost, and he aided and abetted all good and worthy 
causes irrespective of race or creed. It was his idealism that made 
him one of the most eminent financiers and philanthropists in the 
country, as well as a glowing example of a noble American citizen. 
Many of the leading men of the country, Jews and Gentiles, men of 
all nationaUties and all creeds, paid ardent tribute to his virtues 
after his death. 

He married, in 1875, Therese Loeb, born in Cincinnati, Ohio, 
daughter of Solomon and Fanny (Kuhn) Loeb. She survives him, 
together with a son, Mortimer Leo Schiff, B.A. (Amherst College, 
1896), honorary M.A. (ib., 1906), also a Pilgrim Tercentenary' mem- 
ber of the New England Historic Genealogical Society, who married, 
30 AprU 1901, Adele Gertrude Neustadt, daughter of Sigmimd and 
Agnes (Richard) Neustadt, and is a member of his father's firm, 
and a daughter, Mrs. Felix M. Warburg. Two brothers, Philip and 
Ludwig Schiff, retired bankers of Frankfort, Germany, also survived 
Mr. Schiff. 


Mrs. Sarah (Brown) Fowler, of Guilford, Conn., a resident 
member since 1902, was born at Collinsville, Conn., 27 August 1846, 
the daughter of Samuel William Brown, M.D., and his wife, Hannah 
(Humphreys), and died at Guilford 21 April 1921. She traced her 
descent' from James Brown of Middletown, Conn., through his son 
Samuel, his grandson William, and his great-grandson Samuel 
WUHam, her father, who was born at Hartford, Conn., 13 April 
1802. Her mother, Hannah Humphreys, born at Canton, Conn., 
25 May 1811, was the daughter of Decius and Laura (Adams) 
Humphreys. Among her ancestors were members of such prominent 
New England families as the Chittendens, Bishops, Evartses, Haw- 
lej^s, Goodriches, Wellses, Grants, Woodbridges, Dudleys, Leetes, 
Phelpses, and Griswolds. 

She received her early education in public and private schools at 



Petaluma, Calif., whither her mother went four years after the birth 
of the daughter to join her father, who had settled there as a practis- 
ing physician. From the age of sixteen she attended the famous 
Hartford (Conn.) Female Seminary, where she was graduated in 
1865. She afterwards gave special attention to the study of music. 
After graduation she became a teacher in the high school at Guilford, 
where she resided for the rest of her life, devoting herself in later 
years to the tracing of ancestral lines and to other professional work 
as a genealogist. She was instrimiental in organizing a scholarship 
in the new Connecticut CoUege for Women at New London. 

She was married, 17 November 1886, to Henry Eliot Fowler, son 
of Henry and Sally Amelia (Hart) Fowler, who sur\dves her. 

Lambert Bigelow Lawrence, of Foxborough, Mass., a life 
member since 1905, was born at Marlborough, Mass., 2 May 1872, 
the son of Henry Otis and Ada Genevieve (Bigelow) Lawrence, and 
died in Boston 28 May 1921. He traced his descent from Henry^ 
Lawrence, through Johii^ of Watertown and Groton, Mass., Enoch' 
of Groton, Nathaniel,* Nathaniel,* Thomas,® Thomas,' Parker,^ 
and Henry Otis,' his father, who was born at Marlborough 21 June 
1833. He numbered also among his ancestors members of the 
Garfield, Howe, Whitney, Warren, and other early New England^ 

His early education was obtained in the public schools of his native 
town and at the Northborough (Mass.) High School, where he was 
graduated in 1890. After his graduation he attended the Bryant 
and Stratton Commercial School in Boston, and then accepted the 
position of head bookkeeper with the S. H. Howe Company, which 
he left to accept a similar position with Caton Brothers of Fox- 
borough. He made his residence in the latter town for twenty-one 
years, and was connected with the Caton Company for the larger 
part of that time. 

Mr. Lawrence was a trustee of the Foxborough Savings Bank, a 
director of the Northborough National Bank, and a member of the 
Foxborough Club. He belonged to the Unitarian Chiirch of North- 
borough and to several Masonic orders. 

He married, 13 June 1906, Aurora AUce Heath of Northborough, 
his classmate in the high school there, who survives him, together 
with a daughter, Evelyn Heath Lawrence, and a sister, Mrs. EUen B. 
Mack of Hudson, Mass. 

John Woolf Jordan, LL.D., of Philadelphia, Pa., a corresponding 
member since 1908, was born in Philadelphia 14 September 1840, 
the son of Francis and Emily (Woolf) Jordan, and died there 11 June 

His great-grandfather, Frederick Jordan, was bom in co. Kent, 
England, in 1744, and was a sergeant in the Second New Jersey 
Continental Line in the Yorktown campaign. He married Catherine 
Eckel of Bucks Co., Pa., and died in Hvmterdon Co., N. J., in 1784. 
Frederick's son John was born in Hunterdon Co., N. J., 1 September 
1770, married, 23 August 1804, Elizabeth Henry, and died in Phila- 


delphia 17 February 1845. Francis Jordan, son of John and father 
of the subject of this memoir, was born in Philadelphia 26 Jime 1815, 
and died 13 August 1885. He married Emily Woolf (bom in Phila- 
delphia 12 November 1821, died 4 September 1889), daughter of 
John Lewis and Margaret (Ewing) WooK and granddaughter of 
Lewis WooK, a private in the Cavalry, and John Ewing, a captain of 
Infantry, in the Revolution. EKzabeth Henry, wife of John Jordan, 
was the daughter of Hon. William and Sabrina Henry. Her father 
was an associate justice of the courts of Northampton Co., Pa., 
1788-1814, and a presidential elector in 1792. Her grandfather, 
Hon. William Henry, who was born in Chester Co., Pa., 24 January 
1734, and died at Lancaster, Pa., 15 December 1786, was of Scotch 
ancestry, his grandparents, Robert and Mary A. Henry, natives of 
Scotland, coming to Pennsylvania in 1722 and dying in Chester 
Coimty. He was a man of rare distinction, who served as armorer of 
the troops of Generals Braddock and Forbes in the expeditions against 
Fort Duquesne, was commissioned justice of the peace for Lancaster 
Coimty in 1758, 1770, and 1777, was a justice of the Courts of Common 
Pleas, 1780, a member of the Pennsylvania Assembly, 1776, a member 
of the Pennsylvania Council of Safety, 1777, treasurer of Lancaster 
County, 1777-1786, armorer of Pennsylvania and assistant com- 
«missary general, 1778, and a member of the Congress of the Con- 
federation, 1784r-85. He was a member of the American Philosophical 
Society and of other learned bodies and a patron of Benjamin West, 
whose first figure pictvurefrom a living model, "The Death of Socra- 
tes," is still in the possession of the family. 

John Woolf Jordan was educated in private schools in Philadelphia 
and at the Nazareth Hall Mihtary Academy, a Moravian school, 
where he was graduated in 1856. In 1902 he received the degree of 
Doctor of Laws from Lafayette College. 

In the Civil War he organized Starr's battery. Thirty-second Regi- 
ment of Pennsylvania Militia, of which he was quartermaster sergeant 
in the Gettysburg campaign; and he was a member of the First Regi- 
ment, Pennsylvania Volunteers Veteran Corps. 

His life was given to Kterary study, writing, and to the work of 
his position as librarian of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. 
He was secretary of the council of that organization, its corresponding 
secretary, assistant Ubrarian, 1885-1903, and since 1903 its hbrarian. 
He was editor of The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 
since 1887 and of the "Biographical History of Pennsylvania Fami- 
lies," and gave most valuable assistance to Sir George Otto Trevelyan, 
who constantly called upon him for material while he was writing 
his history of the American Revolution. 

The wide range of his patriotic and civic interests is shown in the 
list of societies and clubs to which he belonged and the positions he 
held in them. He was founder and president of the Federation of 
Pennsylvania Historical Societies, a member of the Pennsylvania 
State Historic Commission, secretary of the Valley Forge Park Com- 
mission, a founder of the Society of Sons of the Revolution, a member 
of the Society of the Cincinnati and of the Baronial Order of Runny- 
raede, vice president of the Colonial Society of Pennsylvania, -vice 


president of the Swedish Colonial Society, a member of the Pennsyl- 
vania State Commission having in charge the preparing of the history 
of the part taken by Pennsylvania in the "World War, and a mem- 
ber of the Penn, Philadelphia Barge, Bethlehem, Pittsburgh, and Art 
Clubs, together with many other patriotic and historical societies. 
He should be remembered, also, as a leader in the movement which 
led to the observance of Flag Day. 

Among his writings are the following: "Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, 
during the Revolution, 1775-1783," "Military Hospitals at Bethle- 
hem and Lititz, Pennsylvania, during the Revolution," "The 
Moravians at Broad Bay, Maine," "Franklin as a Genealogist," 
"Narrative of John Heckewelder's Journey to the Wabash in 1792," 
"Notes of Travel of John Heckewelder to Ohio, 1797," "Bishop 
Spangenburg's Notes of Travel to Onondaga in 1745." 

Mr. Jordan married, 19 May 1883, Anne Page, daughter of Alfred 
and Rebecca S. (Jinnet) Page, who sm^ves him, together with three 
children, Wilfred, Helen, and Bevan Page Yeates. 

•; George Gery Milner-Gibson-Cullum, M.A., F.S.A., of Bury 

I St. Edmimds, co. Suffolk, England, an honorary member since 1918, 

I was born in London, England, 5 November 1857, the son of Right 

I Hon. Thomas and Susanna Arethusa (Cullimi) Milner-Gibson, and 

I died unmarried at his residence, Hardwick House, Bury St. Edmunds, 

I 21 November 1921, his death having been reported in the Necrology 

I for 1921. 

I -He was of distinguished ancestry both on his father's and his 

i mother's side. His great-grandfather. Rev. Thomas Gibson, belonged 

I to a family settled at Dovercourt-ciun-Harwich in Essex and at 

) ■ Ipswich in Suffolk. His grandfather, Thomas Milner Gibson, mar- 

; ried Isabella Glover, daughter of Henry Glover of Chester, served at 

I Trinidad, B. W. I., as a major in the British Army, and, returning to 

I England, died there in May 1807, his widow marrying secondly, 

[ in July 1810, Thomas Whiting Wootton, who died in 1844. Major 

? Gibson's only child, Thomas, the father of the subject of this memoir, 

was prominent in English politics in the first half of the reign of 

Queen Victoria. He was born at Port of Spain, Trinidad, 3 September 

1806, was brought to England by his parents in 1807, and, after the 

necessary preparation at various schools and under a private tutor, 

entered Trinity College, Cambridge, and was admitted to the degree 

of Bachelor of Arts in 1830. He married, 23 February 1832, Susanna 

Arethusa Cullum, who was born at Southgate Green, Bury St. 

; Edmvmds, 11 January 1814, became after her marriage a leader in 

■ London society, embraced in her later years the doctrines of the 

\ Church of Rome, and died in Paris 23 February 1885. She was the 

> only child of Rev. Sir Thomas Gery Cullum of Hardwick House, 

j Bxuy St. Edmunds, who was the eighth and last of a line of baronets 

I that began when Sir Thomas Cullvmi of Hawstead and Hardwick, 

1 an alderman of London and sheriff of London in 1646, was created a 

I baronet on 18 June 1660. Sir Dudley Cullum, the third baronet of 

i this family, was high sheriff of Suffolk in 1690 and a member of 

Parliament for the county in 1702. Thomas Gibson, on 7 February 


1839, assumed by royal licence the additional surname of MUner 
before that of Gibson, to show his respect for the memory of Robert 
Milner of Ipswich. He was elected to Parliament from Ipswich as 
a Conservative in July 1837, but resigned his seat two years later, 
having espoused the Liberal cause. As a Liberal candidate for 
Parliament he was defeated by the electors of Ipswich in 1839, but 
some two years later, in 1841, he was returned for Manchester. He 
had become ere this an enthusiastic advocate of free trade and an 
influential supporter of Cobden in the agitation against the Com 
Laws. In July 1846 he was appointed vice president of the Board of 
Trade in Lord John Russell's ministry, holding this office until 
April 1848, and was made a member of the Privy Council (8 July 
1846). His speeches at this period in opposition to the Com Laws 
were able and convincing. In March 1857 he seconded Cobden's 
motion of censure of Lord Palmerston's Chinese policy, but he lost 
his seat for Manchester because of his opposition to the Crimean 
War. In December 1857, however, he was returned for Ashton- 
under-Lyne, co. Lancaster, and, when Lord Pahnerston's biU to 
amend the law of conspiracy came up for its second reading, he moved 
a vote of censxire of the Government which was carried and led to 
Lord Palmerston's resignation, 19 February 1858. But in the later 
ministry of Palmerston, 1859-1865, and in the brief ministry of 
Lord John Russell, 1865-66, Mr, Milner-Gibson again held office, 
first as president of the Poor Law Board, 25 June to 10 Jiily 1859, 
and then as president of the Board of Trade, with a seat in the 
Cabinet, from July 1859 to July 1866. While holding the latter office 
he took an important part in bringing about the abolition of the 
newspaper stamp, the advertisement duty, and the excise on paper, 
so-called "taxes on knowledge," of which he had long advocated 
the repeal. He continued to represent Ashton-imder-Lyne in Parha- 
ment until 1868, when he was defeated as a candidate for reelection 
(17 November) and withdrew from public life. Retiring from office 
with an annual pension of £2000, he refused the governorship of the 
Mauritius, which was offered to him in March 1869, and also the 
honor of Knight Commander of the Bath. His residence was at 
Theberton House, Sxiffolk, but he spent much of his time after his 
retirement in yachting in the Mediterranean, and died at Algiers, 
on board his yacht, the Resolute, 25 February 1884. His wife had 
borne to him several children, of whom only two survived their 
parents, namely, Jasper Milner-Gibson of Theberton House, Suffolk, 
and the fifth son, George Gery Milner-Gibson, who in 1873, on the 
death of his maternal grandmother. Lady Cullum (Mary Anne 
Eggers), had succeeded to Hardwick House, Bury St. Edmunds, 
and by royal licence had assumed the additional surname of Cullum 
and the Cullum arms. 

The Right Hon. Thomas Milner-Gibson and his wife had a second 
residence in Paris, and from early childhood their son George was 
acquainted with the manners and customs of France as well as 
England. He received his preliminary education in Paris, at Wellesley 
House, Twickenham, and at Burlington House, Spring Grove, 
Isleworth, in England, and studied imder private tuition at Great 


president of the Swedish Colonial Society, a member of the Pennsyl- 
vania State Commission having in charge the preparing of the history 
of the part taken by Pennsylvania in the World War, and a mem- 
ber of the Penn, Philadelphia Barge, Bethlehem, Pittsburgh, and Art 
Clubs, together with many other patriotic and historical societies. 
He should be remembered, also, as a leader in the movement which 
led to the observance of Flag Day. 

Among his writings are the following: "Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, 
during the Revolution, 1775-1783," "Mihtary Hospitals at Bethle- 
hem and Lititz, Pennsylvania, duripg the Revolution," "The 
Moravians at Broad Bay, Maine," "Franklin as a Genealogist," 
"Narrative of John Heckewelder's Journey to the Wabash in 1792," 
"Notes of Travel of John Heckewelder to Ohio, 1797," "Bishop 
Spangenburg's Notes of Travel to Onondaga in 1745." 

Mr. Jordan married, 19 May 1883, Anne Page, daughter of Alfred 
and Rebecca S. (Jinnet) Page, who survives him, together with three 
children, WUfred, Helen, and Bevan Page Yeates. 

George Gery MrLNER-GiBSON-Cu^LUM, M.A., F.S.A., of Bury 
St. Edmimds, co. Suffolk, England, an honorary member since 1918, 
was born in London, England, 5 November 1857, the son of Right 
Hon. Thomas and Susaima Arethusa (Cullum) Mihier-Gibson, and 
died unmarried at his residence, Hardwick House, Bury St. Edmunds, 
21 November 1921, his death having been reported in the Necrology 
for 1921. 

'He was of distinguished ancestry both on his father's and his 
mother's side. His great-grandfather. Rev. Thomas Gibson, belonged 
to a family settled at Dovercourt-cmn-Harwich in Essex and at 
Ipswich in Suffolk. His grandfather, Thomas MiLner Gibson, mar- 
ried Isabella Glover, daughter of Henry Glover of Chester, served at 
Trinidad, B. W. I., as a major in the British Army, and, returning to 
England, died there in May 1807, his widow marrying secondly, 
in July 1810, Thomas Whiting Wootton, who died in 1844. Major 
Gibson's only child, Thomas, the father of the subject of this memoir, 
was prominent in English politics in the first half of the reign of 
Queen Victoria. He was born at Port of Spain, Trinidad, 3 September 
1806, was brought to England by his parents in 1807, and, after the 
necessary preparation at various schools and vmder a private tutor, 
entered Trinity CoUege, Cambridge, and was admitted to the degree 
of Bachelor of Arts in 1830. He married, 23 February 1832, Susanna 
Arethusa Cullum, who was born at Southgate Green, Bury St, 
Edmunds, 11 January 1814, became after her marriage a leader in 
London society, embraced in her later years the doctrines of the 
Church of Rome, and died in Paris 23 February 1885. She was the 
onlj' child of Rev. Sir Thomas Gery CuUum of Hardwick House, 
Bury St. Edmvmds, who was the eighth and last of a line of baronets 
that began when Sir Thomas Cullum of Hawstead and Hardwick, 
an alderman of London and sheriff of London in 1646, was created a 
baronet on 18 June 1660. Sir Dudley Cullum, the third baronet of 
this family, was high sheriff of Suffolk in 1690 and a member of 
Parliament for the county in 1702. Thomas Gibson, on 7 February 

MEMOiBS liii 

Barton vicarage in Suffolk. Entering Trinity College, Cambridge, 
he was admitted to the degree of Bachelor of Arts in 1880 and to that 
of Master of Arts in 1881. 

In the eighties he seemed to be about to follow in his father's 
footsteps and to enter Parhament, being the second Liberal candidate 
I for Bury; but, when the borough was deprived of one of its seats in 

I the House of Commons by the passing of the Redistribution of 

I Seats BUI in 1885, he retired in favor of the senior Liberal candidate, 

5 Mr. J. A. Hardcastle, and did not again come forward as a candidate 

{ for political honors. 

i His mother had spent many years of her childhood and girlhood 

i " in Italy, with her father, and it was in Naples that she met her 

i future husband. She enjoyed the friendship of the Brownings and 

Mrs. Shelley, and was closely associated with some of the leaders 

in the cause of Italian liberty, to which she was passionately devoted 

and to which in her later years she was able to render helpful service; 

for her salon in London was frequented at various times by many 

; distinguished foreign refugees, among them Louis Napoleon, INlazzini, 

I Victor Hugo, and Louis Blanc, and by some of the leading English 

i men of letters, such as Dickens and Thackeray, and her husband's 

I standing in political circles seconded her advocacy of the cause of 

I the Itahan patriots. It was, therefore, natural that her son from his 

I early years should cherish an ardent love for Italy, and that after 

\ the death of his parents he should spend much time there, especially 

i in Rome. He became an earnest and enthusiastic student of history, 

t archaeology, genealogy, and heraldry, published pedigrees of several 

< Suffolk and Essex families, and wrote extensively for genealogical 

I and archaeological pubHcations. 

I Although he travelled much on the Continent, his interest in his 

I Suffolk estates and in his home borough never flagged. At Hardwick. 

i House he possessed an extensive Ubrary and a valuable collection of 

i manuscripts, autographs, old china, and furniture, and the gardens 

i there were laid out with great sHtl and good taste. Everjiihing 

\ pertaining to the welfare of Bury St. Edmimds commanded his loyal 

■ and enthusiastic support, and manj' valuable articles of historic 

interest were given by him to the local museum. He was high sheriff 

of Suffolk in 1888, was admitted a freeman of Bury St. Edmunds in 

1911, and was elected mayor of the borough in 1913. He was also a 

justice of the peace and deputy Heutenant for the county. He was 

active in organizing dramatic performances for the benefit of local 

charities, and in a pageant at Bury St. Edmunds in 1907 he himself 

filled most admirably the role of Cardinal Beaufort. He owned about 

2500 acres of land in Suffolk, and 120 acres elsewhere, and for many 

years it was his custom to throw open his beautiful grounds at 

Hardwick House for a popular fete on the August Bank Holiday. 

Besides his honorary membership in the New England Historic 

Genealogical Society Mr. Milner-Gibson-Cullum was president of 

the Suffolk Institute of Archaeology and Natural History, honorary 

curator of the Moyses Hall Museum at Bury St. Edmunds, and a 

j fellow of the Society of Antiquaries, the Harleian Society, the Hugue- 


not Society of London, the Society of Genealogists of London, and 
the Zoological Society. 

H. E S. 


Hon. a. Augustine Butterfibld, of Jacksonville, Vt., a life 
member since 1919, was born at Wilmington, Vt., 25 June 1844, the 
son of Ezra Turner and Mary (Leonard) Butterfield, and died at 
Jacksonville 1 January 1922. He traced his descent from Benjamin^ 
Butterfield of Charlestown, Wobiirn, and Chelmsford, Mass., 
through Joseph,^ Sergt. Benjamin,^ Ensign Benjamin,* Capt. Ben- 
jamin,^ Capt. Ezra,^ Dea. Zenas,^ and Hon. Ezra Turner^, his father, 
who was born at Dummerston, Vt, 15 AprU 1815. His maternal Kne 
went back to the Leonards of Taunton, Mass., the iron manufacturers 
who came from Wales. 

He attended the common schools and the high school of Wilming- 
ton, and afterwards read law in the offices of the late Charles N. 
Davenport of Wilmington and Hon Abishai Stoddard of Townshend, 
Vt., beuig admitted to the Vermont bar in April 1867. In the fol- 
lowing year he moved to Jacksonville, where he practised law up to 
the time of his death, with the exception of one year in Massachusetts, 
where he was admitted to the bar in 1870. 

Mr. Butterfield was actively interested in educational, church, 
Masonic, town, and county affairs, holding many positions of trust 
and responsibility. He was a representative in the State Legislature 
in 1880-1882, and by his bill to tax certain corporations he saved the 
State $100,000. He was State's attorney for Windham County, 
1882-1884, State senator in 1888-1890, census enumerator in 1890- 
1892, notary pubUc fifty-three years, master in chancery fifty years, 
and justice of the peace forty-nine years. He also devoted much 
attention to insurance, being for some time connected with the 
Union Mutual Fire Insurance Company of Montpelier. 

In pohtics he was a Republican and in reUgion a Baptist. 

He did some important genealogical work in writing a history of 
the Butterfield famUy and a short history of the town of Whiting- 
ham, Vt. 

"Mr. Butterfield was a man of original ways and ideas. He pos- 
sessed a keen intellect and an abundance of native wit. He was 
upright in his dealings, a man of excellent character, and supported 
every movement for the good of the community with which he had 
been so closely and prominently identified." 

He married, 2 October 1869, Marcia Sophia Brown, who died 
11 April 1908, daughter of Rufus and EUzabeth (Winn) (Edwards) 
Brown. There were born to them two sons and six daughters, three 
of whom, Mary Blanche, May, and Clara Julia, died before their 
father. The surviving children are Marcius Augustine Butterfield 
of Jacksonville, Ossian Rufus Butterfield of Athol, Mass., Alice 
Adele, wife of Charles A. Faulkner of Jacksonville, Marcia Amelia, 
wife of EUiot F. Davis of Whitingham, and Estella Elizabeth, wife 
of Arthur D. Wheeler of Whitingham. Ten grandchildren also are 


not Society of London, the Society of Genealogists of London, and 
the Zoological Society. 

H. E S. 


Hon. a. Augustine Butterfield, of Jacksonville, Vt., a life 
member since 1919, was born at Wilmington, Vt., 25 June 1844, the 
son of Ezra Turner and Mary (Leonard) Butterfield, and died at 
Jacksonville 1 January 1922. He traced his descent from Benjamin^ 
Butterfield of Charlestown, Woburn, and Chelmsford, Mass., 
through Joseph,^ Sergt. Benjamin,^ Ensign Benjamin,* Capt. Ben- 
jamin,* Capt. Ezra,® Dea. Zenas,^ and Hon. Ezra Turner*, his father, 
who was born at Dummerston, Vt, 15 April 1815. His maternal line 
went back to the Leonards of Taxmton, Mass., the iron manufacturers 
who came from Wales. 

He attended the common schools and the high school of Wilming- 
ton, and afterwards read law in the offices of the late Charles N. 
Davenport of Wilmington and Hon Abishai Stoddard of Townshend, 
Vt., being admitted to the Vermont bar in April 1867. In the fol- 
1 lowing year he moved to Jacksonville, where he practised law up to 

I the time of his death, with the exception of one year in ^Massachusetts, 

I where he was admitted to the bar in 1870. 

■I Mr. Butterfield was actively interested in educational, church, 

[ Masonic, town, and county affairs, holding many positions of trust 

I and responsibility. He was a representative in the State Legislature 

5 in 1880-1882, and by his bUl to tax certain corporations he saved the 

I State $100,000. He was State's attorney for Windham County, 

I 1882-1884, State senator in 1888-1890, census enumerator in 1890- 

I 1892, notary public fifty-three years, master in chancery fifty years, 

I and justice of the peace forty-nine years. He also devoted much 

f attention to insurance, being for some time connected with the 

i Union Mutual Fire Insurance Company of Montpelier. 

I In poHtics he was a Republican and in religion a Baptist. 

I He did some important genealogical work in writing a history- of 

the Butterfield family and a short history of the town of Whiting- 
ham, Vt. 

"Mr. Butterfield was a man of original waj's and ideas. He pos- 

• sessed a keen intellect and an abundance of native wit. He was 

upright in his dealings, a man of excellent character, and supported 

I every movement for the good of the community with which he had 

i been so closely and prominently identified." 

I He married, 2 October 1869, Marcia Sophia Brown, who died 

11 April 1908, daughter of Rufus and EUzabeth (Winn) (Edwards) 
Brown. There were born to them two sons and six daughters, three 
of whom, Mary Blanche, May, and Clara Julia, died before their 
father. The surviving children are Marcius Augustine Butterfield 
of Jacksonville, Ossian Rufus Butterfield of Athol, Mass., Alice 
Adele, wife of Charles A. Faulkner of Jacksonville, Marcia Amelia, 
wife of EUiot F. Davis of Whitingham, and Estella EHzabeth, wife 
of Arthur D. Wheeler of Whitingham. Ten grandchildren also are 



living and two brothers, Attorney 0. E. Butterfield of Wilmington 
and Professor L. A. Butterfield of Brattleboro, Vt. 

John Cotton Clapp, of Dorchester, Mass., a resident member 
since 1892, was bom at Dorchester 30 June 1837, the son of David 
and Mary Elizabeth (Tucker) Clapp, and died there 9 January 1922. 
His immigrant forbear on his father's side was Nicholas^ Clapp, who 
came to Dorchester, probably in 1633, his name appearing in the 
records of the town the next year. From him the subject of this 
memoir was descended through NathanieP Clapp, Jonathan,' David,* 
David, ^ and David, ^ his father, all of whom were born at Dorchester. 
His mother was a descendant of Robert^ Tucker of Weymouth, 
\ Mass., 1638, and lat^r of that part of Dorchester which in 1662 

I was set off as the town of Milton, through Manasseh^ of Milton, 

Ebenezer,' William,* Ebenezer,^ and Atherton,^ her father, all of 
this line after Manasseh having been born at Milton. 

Both David* Clapp, the great-grandfather, and David^ Clapp, 

the grandfather of John Cotton Clapp, served in the Revolution, 

I the elder and the yoimger man working together at the task of 

I throwing up fortifications on Dorchester Heights in March 1776 

j and the son being subsequently enrolled in the service at various 

I times in the course of the War. David* Clapp, who was born 

I 6 February 1806 and died 10 May 1893, entered in May 1822, at 

f the age of sixteen, as a "country" boy from Dorchester, upon an 

1 apprenticeship in the printing business which had been established 

I about a year earlier by John Cotton, Jr., and which circumstances 

I had placed in the hands of the latter's father, John Cotton, Sr. The 

I elder Cotton was apparently not a practical printer, but had other 

i business interests, and his son conducted the printing house for him. 

I In 1831 Mr, Clapp, who from his early days there had been the 

I mainstay of the office, formed a partnership with John Cotton, Sr., 

« and Henry S. Hull, imder the firm name of Clapp & Hull; but this 

i partnership was soon dissolved, and Messrs. Clapp and Cotton 

"f: established the firm of D. Clapp, Jr., & Company. In 1834 Mr. Clapp 

bought out the interest of his partner, and was the sole proprietor 

of the business until 1864, when he admitted his eldest son, John 

Cotton Clapp, into the firm, which, under the new name of Da\dd 

Clapp & Son, continued to carry on the printing business in Boston 

until the retirement of the sole surviving* member of the firm, John 

Cotton Clapp, in December 1920. David* Clapp was a resident 

member of the New England Historic Genealogical Society from 

1866 until his death.* 

The youthful John Cotton Clapp received what was for his gen- 
eration a substantial education in the primary and grammar schools 
of South Boston, at a boarding school in Newton, Mass., where he 
spent a year or more, and at the famous Chauncy Hall School in 
Boston. He then worked for about two years in the printing office 

* Cf. the excellent memoir of David Clapp, by William Blake Trask, A.M., in the Register, 
vol. 48, pp. 145-156, and also a shorter memoir, by William Richard Cutter, A.M., in 
"Memorial Biographies of the New England Historic Genealogical Society," vol. 9, pp. 135- 
137. For David Clapp and his ancestors sie also "The Clapp Memorial," Boston, 1876. 


of Prentiss & Sawyer of Boston, and in 1855 was given employment 
with his father's firm, of which he became a member some nine 
years later. 

This printing business, the life work of father and son, had been 
established by the Cottons in a building on the northeast corner 
of Washington (the part then called Marlborough) and Franklin 
Streets, and there it was carried on for forty years, until the building 
was demolished in 1861 in order to make possible the widening of 
Frankhn Street. The business was then moved to 334 (afterwards 
renumbered as 564) Washington Street, thence in 1882 to 35 Bedford 
Street, and in 1889, when the Bedford Street building was taken 
down, to 115 High Street. One more change was made, at the 
beginning of 1895, to 291 Congress Street, where the firm remained 
until its affairs were closed up at the end of 1920. 

Many notable publications were issued by this house during the 
century of its existence. From 1829 to 1846 it printed the Boston 
Directory. In 1823, in the days of the Cottons, when the elder Clapp 
had been in the oflice hardly a year, the printing of the Boston Medical 
Intelligencer was undertaken, a publication which was afterwards 
combined with another periodical under the name of the Boston 
Medical and Surgical Journal and was edited by distinguished 
members of the medical profession. This periodical became the 
property of David Clapp in 1834, when he acquired the interest of 
Mr. Cotton in the firm, and was issued from his press until December 
1874, when it was sold to a company of medical men and turned over 
to other printers. In the fall of 1864 the printing of the New England 
Historical and Genealogical Register was placed in the hands 
of David Clapp & Son, the first number printed by them beiag the 
issue for January 1865, with which volume 19 begins. The firm 
continued to print the Register for almost fifty years, until the 
spring of 1914, when the increasing cost of hand-set work and the 
superior facilities afforded by monotype machines, with which the 
house of David Clapp & Son was not equipped, led the committee 
charged with the publication of the Register, with much regret, 
to make arrangements with another printing firm. At one time, 
before the Massachusetts railroads were merged into two or three 
great systems, the firm did much railroad printing. Numerous 
books and pamphlets also, pertaining to various subjects but espe- 
cially to history and genealogy, were issued by this long-established 
printing house, and many a well-known fainily history bears the 
imprint of David Clapp & Son. 

In the later years of the -firm David Capen Clapp, younger brother 
of John Cotton Clapp, also had an interest in the business, and 
retained it until his death. 

In December 1920 Mr. Clapp, then in his eighty-fourth year, gave 
up the business with which he had been identified for sixty-five 
years, and the oldest printing house in Boston closed its doors. 
As Boston was incorporated as a city on 23 February 1822, the Kfe 
of this firm coincided practically with the first century of the life 
of the city; and the names of the founder and of the last proprietor 
of the house recall also the very early days of the settlement, for 


John Cotton was a descendant of Rev. John Cotton, the first teacher 
in the First Church in Boston, and John Cotton Clapp was named 
for his father's friend and associate, the later John Cotton, who died 
in Boston a short time before the birth of his namesake. 

Mr. Clapp's close application to his business left him httle time 
for outside activities. Like his father, however, he was a faithful 
and devoted worker in St. Matthew's Church (Protestant Episcopal) 
in South Boston, serving there as clerk for forty years, as junior and 
senior warden, and for a short period as treasurer. He was a member 
of the Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic Association, the Paul 
Revere Association, the Old Hawes School Boys' Association, and 
the Boston Young Men's Christian Association. 

Many of the tributes to Mr.Clapp's father which were published 
in the Register (vol. 48, pages 153-156) are appUcable in great 
measure to the son. With all who met him, either socially or in 
business, there remains the memory of a sweet, genial, honest, 
courtly gentleman, who erased all misunderstandings or difficulties 
with a pleasing smile and a happy word. 

Mr. Clapp married, 19 July 1865, Julia Curtis Crane, who was 
born in Dorchester 3 November 1837 and died 24 October 1919, 
daughter of Horatio Nelson and Mary Ann (Homer) Crane of Boston 
and a descendant of Hemy^ Crane of Dorchester. For several years 
they made their home in South Boston, but later they resided in 
Dorchester. Their children were : 1. Ellen Gertrude, born 7 May 1866 ; 
died 21 January 1885. 2. Homer Crane, born 9 December 1868; 
died 1 November 1889. 3. John Cotton, Jr., of Dorchester, born 
27 October 1870, an architect with office in Boston. 4. David 
Atherton, born 12 June 1873; died 10 August 1874. 

H. E. S. 

George Augustus Sawyer, A.B., of Cambridge, Mass., a resident 
member since 1891, was born at Roxbury, Mass., 25 May 1857, 
the son of Jabez Augustus and Sarah Caroline (Worcester) Sawyer, 
and died at Cambridge 14 January 1922. 

He was prepared for college in the public schools of Cambridge, 
entered Harvard, and in the course of his college career became a 
prominent member of the University baseball nine. He was admitted 
to the degree of Bachelor of Arts in 1877, and then began the study 
of law in a Boston office. He also attended the Boston University 
Law School for three years, without seeking a degree. He taught 
school for a short time at HoUis, N. H., and in the Cambridge evening 
schools. In 1880 he was admitted to the Suffolk County bar, and 
carried on a general practice of the law for a few years, until he 
began to make a specialty of conveyancing. He practised this 
branch of the law by himself with remarkable success until October 
1920, when he entered a well-known Boston firm of conveyancers, 
which after his admission took the name of Rackemann, Sawyer & 

Mr. Sawyer served on the Common Council of Cambridge in 
1884, but was defeated as a candidate for reelection. He was for 
three years a trustee of the Cambridge Hospital, a trustee and 


vice president of the Cambridgeport Savings Bank, and for twenty- 
four years had been a director of the Cambridge Gas Light Company. 
He was a member of the Oakley Country Club, the Algonquin, the 
Automobile, and the Harvard Clubs of Boston, the Lexington Golf 
Club, and the Harvard Club of New York. He made many journeys 
abroad, and in his later years was an enthusiastic golf player. 

He married, 18 June 1884, Florence Emeline EUis, daughter of 
J. Russell and Emeline S. EUis of Cambridge, who survives him, 
together with two sisters, Caroline Sawyer and Lillian Sawyer, 
both of Cambridge. 

DoRViL Miller Wilcox, B.A., M.D., of Lee, Mass., a corre- 
sponding member since 1904, was born at Lexington, Greene Co., 
N. Y., 15 February 1841, the son of Henry and Susanna (Miller, 
Wilcox, and died at the home of his nephew, Reuben J. Brooks) 
in Pittsfield, Mass., 25 January 1922. His great-grandfather, Jehie, 
Wilcox, and his grandfather, Nathaniel Wilcox, served in the Revo- 
lution, and his father served in the War of 1812. 

He was born and passed his earliest years amidst the Catskills, 
and attended the district schools at Lexington; but he spent most 
of his school years at Pittsfield, where he was a pupil in the district 
schools and in the high school. His father was a farmer, and, owing 
to farm labor and the passionate pursuit of hunting and fishing, 
the lad grew up in hardy vigor, which he maintained until old age. 
In the winter of 1859-60 he taught school in Pittsfield, and in the 
autumn of 1860 he entered WiUiams College, with the Class of 1864. 
As soon, however, as it became certain that a war for the preservation 
of the Union was inevitable, he left college, after his second term 
there, worked long enough on a farm to pay some httle debts that 
he had contracted, and then applied to the colonel of the Tenth 
Massachusetts Regiment, which was encamped at Springfield, for 
admission to the regiment. That organization had its full quota of 
soldiers; but a man deserted, and young Wilcox was accepted to 
fill the vacancy. Although his coUege course was thus interrupted, 
WiUiams CoUege in 1884 conferred on him the degree of Bachelor 
of Arts, as of the Class of 1864. 

He had enUsted for three years, and during this term of service 
he was always present for duty, except for a month when he was 
in the hospital with the so-caUed Chickahominy fever and for several 
weeks when he was recovering from a wound received in the Battle 
of the Wilderness. His term of service having expired, he was dis- 
charged on 1 July 1864. Prior to this he had secured an appointment 
to a Government clerkship in the office of the depot quartermaster 
in Baltimore, Md., and during the several months which he spent 
there he began the study of medicine, as his duties aUowed him 
considerable leisure. Tiring, however, of so quiet a life, he enlisted 
in a Maryland regiment and served until the close of the War. 

Returning to Pittsfield, he continued the study of medicine, taught 
school there in the winter of 1865-66, and on 16 October 1866 was 
graduated at the old Berkshire Medical CoUege, which was then 
situated in Pittsfield but now no longer exists. He then entered 


upon the practice of his profession at Mount Pleasant, Wayne Co., 
Pa. The next year he was appointed to a position in a New York 
hospital, where he remained until the spring of 1868, when he went 
as far west as the Union Pacific Railroad had then been constructed 
and followed its extension from station to station until the iron 
highway was opened across the continent. On reaching the Pacific 
coast he spent several months in placer mining in California, with 
a brother who had followed that occupation for some years. In 1870 
he returned to the East by way of the Isthmus of Panama, and 
took up the arduous calling of a coimtry practitioner of medicine, 
which he followed for the next twenty years in Connecticut and 
in western Massachusetts, residing during most of this time in Lee, 
which became his permanent home. About 1892 he gave up active 
practice; but he held several medical and surgical positions of some 
importance and profit, and for many years was medical examiner 
in the Lee district. 

For some forty-five years Dr. Wilcox was a member of the School 
Committee of Lee, and he served in the same capacity for several 
years at Canaan, Conn. 

In addition to his professional labors. Dr. Wilcox took a deep 
interest in local history, archa^jlogy, geology, and mineralogy. 
In 1900 he pubHshed a work entitled "Records of the Town of Lee 
from its Incorporation to A. D. 1801," and this was followed in 1901 
by "Gravestone Inscriptions, Lee, Mass., including all extant of the 
Quarter Century 1801-1825." He was heartily and actively in favor 
of the passage by the Massachusetts General Coiut of the Vital 
Records Act of 1902, in accordance with which the records of births, 
marriages, and deaths prior to 1850 in many Massachusetts towns 
have been compiled and published by the New England Historic 
Genealogical Society and other organizations and individuals and 
have been purchased and distributed by the Commonwealth among 
certain pubhc offices, libraries, and historical societies; and it was 
chiefly owing to his efforts and influence that many of the towns of 
western Massachusetts presented the New England Historic Gen- 
ealogical Society with copies of their vital records for use in preparing 
these books for the press. His collection of Indian rehcs was one 
of the finest in that part of the State, and his Ubrary was especially 
rich in works on the natural sciences, biography, and local history. 
In his will he bequeathed to the New England Historic Genealogical 
Society the sum of five hundred dollars, together with sundry volumes 
from his library. 

Dr. Wilcox was married twice, but both his wives and his children 
died before him, and his nephew, Mr. Brooks, is his nearest surviving 

Julia Lyman, of Cambridge, Mass., a Pilgrim Tercentenary 
member since 1920, was born in Boston 30 January 1859, the eldest 
child of Arthur Theodore and Ella Bancroft (Lowell) Lyman, and 
died at Cambridge 26 January 1922. 

She came from a long line of distinguished New England ancestors, 
both on her father's and her mother's side, being a descendant of 


Richard Lyman, who came to Roxbury, Mass., from co. Essex, 
England, in 1631, and afterwards settled in Hartford, Conn., and 
of Percival Lowell, who came from Bristol, England, to Newbury, 
Mass., in 1639, and was the progenitor of the well-known Lowell 
i family of Boston. Both her parents were born in Boston, and their 

I residence was for years at 39 Beacon Street. They had also a summer 

I home in Waltham, Mass. Mr. Lyman, who was a graduate of 

I Harvard, was eminent in financial and business circles, and served 

J as president and treasurer of several manufacturing companies. 

I He was a life member of the New England Historic Genealogical 

I . Society from 1912 until his death on 24 October 1915, and a memoir 

I of him may be found in the Register, vol. 70, page liv. 

; Miss Lyman was educated in private schools in Boston, and had 

travelled somewhat in Europe. Like her parents, she was a devoted 
member of the congregation worshipping in King's Chapel. Her 
wide range of interests in charitable and philanthropic work did 
i not prevent her from pursuing studies in botany, geology, and 

j genealogy; and in the last-mentioned field she proved to be the 

! authority to whom the family turned for ancestral facts. 

I Three brothers and two sisters survive her, namely, Arthur Lyman 

iof Boston, A.B. (Harvard, 1883), a former mayor of Waltham, 
Herbert Lj^man of Boston, A.B. (Harvard, 1886), Ella, wife of 
Richard Clarke Cabot of Cambridge, A.B. (Harvard, 1889), M.D. 
\ {ib., 1892), Mabel Lyman of Cambridge, and Ronald Theodore 

i Lyman of Boston, A.B. (Harvard, 1902). 

I Charles Henry Bradley, M.A., of Boston, a resident member 

i since the early summer of 1921, was born at Johnson, Vt., 13 February 

! 1860, the son of Harmon Howe and Sarah Grout (Ferguson) Bradley, 

I anddiedinBoston30 January 1922. He was a descendant of Stephen^ 

j Bradley of Guilford, Conn., through Stephen^, Stephen,^ Eber,* 

i Eli Judson,* and Harmon Howe,^ his father. 

I He was educated in the public schools of his native town and in 

I the State Normal School, which was also situated in Johnson, and 

; came to Massachusetts in 1880 to be an instructor in the State 

j Primary School at Palmer, of which he was made assistant super- 

intendent five years later. 

In March 1888 he accepted an appointment as head of the Farm 
and Trades School on Thompson's Island, in Boston Harbor, an 
institution established in 1814 to provide a home and education for 
worthy boys in destitute circumstances. It was the first school in 
this country to make farming the basis of its educational policy, 
its 157 acres of land affording an excellent opportunity for such an 
experiment. At Thompson's Island Mr. Bradley entered upon his 
life work; for, although his growing reputation as a teacher and 
leader of boys brought to him offers of other responsible positions — 
notably those of head of the New York Reformatory at ELmira 
and head of the House of Refuge in New York, he preferred to remain 
with his boys in Boston Harbor. 
I Under Mr. Bradley's guidance the school on Thompson's Island 

• became known the country over. Here were formed the first sloyd 


classes in the United States, and iron and metal work, shoe repairing 
stationary engineering, and typewriting, with the study of many 
other practical arts, were added to the curriculimi of the school. 
The "Cottage Row City," a boys' government, was established on 
the Island nearly ten years before the well-known George Junior 
Republic was founded. In 1905 Mr. Bradley set up a meteorological 
observatory there, which is now a cooperative station of the United 
States Weather Bureau. In the same year he visited Europe, and 
made a study of schools for boys there. 

Mr. Bradley's work received academic recognition in his native 
State in 1911, when Norwich University conferred on him the 
honorary degree of Master of Arts; and since 1912 he was a trustee 
of that institution. 

Mr. Bradley was one of the founders of the Vermont Association 
of Boston, and served as its president in 1911-12 and as a member 
of its executive board for many years. He was vice president of the 
Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic Association for the last eight 
years of his life, and he was a member of the Society of Colonial Wars, 
the Society of Sons of the American Revolution, the Bostonian 
Society, the Boston City Club, the Twentieth Centmy Club, the 
Monday Evening Club, the South Boston Yacht Club, the Massa- 
chusetts HorticiJtm'al Society, the Vermont Historical Society, 
and the Masonic fraternity. 

He married, 7 June 1883, Mary Chilton Brewster of Duxbury, 
Mass., who is eighth in descent from Elder William Brewster of the 
Mayflower company. Mrs. Bradley survives her husband, together 
with their son, Charles Henry Bradley, Jr., who entered Harvard 
College with the Class of 1914, but did not complete the college 
course and is now in the advertising business in Boston. 

Rev. Ebenezer Thompson, A.B., B.D., of Sarasota, Fla., a 
resident member since 1903, was born at Pomfret, Conn., 21 Novem- 
ber 1846, the son of Charles Stockbridge and Clara (Grosvenor) 
Thompson, and died at Sarasota 5 February 1922. 

He traced his descent from Anthony^ Thompson, who was in 
Boston in 1637 and in New Haven in 1638, through John'^ of New 
Haven, Joseph' of West Haven, Rev. Ebenezer* of New Haven, 
Conn., and Scituate, Mass., Ebenezer^ of New Haven, Scituate, and 
Providence, R. I., Ebenezer® of Providence and Pomfret, and Charles 
Stockbridge^ of Pomfret, his father. He was a great-great-grandson 
of Gen. Israel Putnam of Revolutionary fame, his mother being a 
daughter of Lemuel Putnam Grosvenor and a granddaughter of 
Gen. Lemuel Grosvenor of Pomfret, whose wife, Eunice, was a 
daughter of General Putnam. He was also a descendant of John 
Howland and Richard Warren of the Mayflower, Thomas Clark, 
Nathaniel Tilden, Edward Bangs, and Edward Sturgis of the Plymouth 
Colony, Henry Adams of Braintree, Mass., William Hathorne of 
Salem, Mass., and many other early settlers of New England. 

He was prepared for college at the Cheshire (Conn.) Military 
Academy, and, entering Brown University in 1864, received there 
the degree of Bachelor of Arts in 1868. He then studied theologj'^, 


and was admitted to the degree of Bachelor of Divinity by the 
Philadelphia Divinity School in 1871. On 20 June of the same year 
he was ordained a deacon of the Protestant Episcopal Church by 
the Right Rev. Alfred Lee, in the Church of the Saviour, Philadelphia, 
and on 11 June 1872 he was ordained a priest by Bishop Clark in 
St. John's Church in Providence. 

UntQ about eighteen years before his death he was an earnest 
and successful worker in the Protestant Episcopal ministry. He was 
in charge of St. Thomas's Church, Greenville, R. I., in 1871-72, 
associate rector of St. Paxil's Church, Milwaukee, Wis., 1873-1875, 
rector of the Church of the Intercession, Stevens Point, Wis., 1875- 
1880, and then, after a year of foreign travel, served as rector of 
St. Paul's Church, Lansing, Mich., 1881-1887, rector of the Chiirch 
of the Redeemer, Biloxi, Miss., 1889-1900, and rector of Trinity 
Church, Woburn, Mass., 1902-1904. At Biloxi Mr. Thompson 
established the Grosvenor Memorial Chapel in memory of a son 
who died in infancy. There also Jefferson Davis was for a short time 
one of his parishioners, and he conducted the burial service for this 
Southern leader at Beauvoir, Miss., in December 1889. While 
residing in Michigan he was chaplain of the First Regiment, Michigan 
State Troops, 1882-1886, and in Mississippi he was chaplain of the 
Jeflf Davis Artillery, 1890-1900. He was a delegate from the Diocese 
of Mississippi to the General Convention of the Episcopal Church 
which met at Minneapolis in 1895 and at Washington in 1898. 

On retiring from the ministry in 1904 Mr. Thompson took up his 
residence at Sarasota, Fla., and immediately became interested in 
the development of the community which was thenceforth to be 
his home. He was afl&liated with various social and fraternal organ- 
izations there, and stood high in Masonic circles. In his later years 
he was a student of astronomy, meteorology, and genealogy, furnished 
the Jocal newspaper with a weekly weather report, and compiled an 
excellent family history. 

He married, at Stevens Point, Wis., 17 May 1882, Julia Emily 
Curran, daughter of John and Mary (Code) Curran, who survives 
him. Their eldest child, John Ebenezer Grosvenor Thompson, who 
was born 8 March 1883, died 17 October 1887; but two other sons 
survive their father, namely, Charles Curran Thompson, born 17 
February 1886, who is in business in Baltimore, Md., and Paul 
Stockbridge Thompson, born 3 August 1890, who resides at Sarasota. 
A brother. Judge Charles 0. Thompson of Pomfret, Conn.,ys also 

Henry Dingley Coolidge, of Concord, Mass., a resident member 
since 1913, was born at Chelsea, Mass., 26 August 1858, the only 
child of Henry James and Mary Martin (Dingley) Coolidge, and 
died at Cambridge, Mass., 7 February 1922. He had attended as 
usual to his duties as clerk of the Massachusetts Senate on that day, 
and was on his way to his home on the train that left the North 
Station, Boston, at 4.20 P.M., when he suddenly became unconscious. 
He was taken from the train at Cambridge and hurried to the 
Cambridge Relief Hospital, where it was foimd that he was dead. 

MEMOiBS bdii 

He was a descendant of John^ Coolidge, one of the early settlers 
of Watertown, Mass., through NathanieP of Watertown, Thomas' 
of Watertown, David,* David, ^ James,' and Henry James,' his 
father, who was born in Boston 15 May 1827. His mother, born 
in Boston 26 November 1825, the dau^ter of John Thomas and 
Mary Coleman (Martin) Dingley of Boston and Marshfield, Mass., 
was seventh in descent from John^ Dingley, who came to Lyim, 
Mass., removed in 1637 to Sandwich in the Plymouth Colony, and 
was afterwards of Marshfield, through Jacob,^ John,' John,* Thomas^ 
— all of whom were of Marshfield, John' of Marshfield and Milton, 
Mass., and John Thomas,' her father. Through Anna (Phillips), 
wife of Thomas* Dingley, Herury Dingley CooUdge was descended 
from Peregrine White of the Mayflower. 

He was educated in the public schools of Chelsea, in the high 
school at Stoughton, Mass., and under private instruction, and, 
after his graduation at the high school, entered mercantile business 
in connection with the steel trade. In 1886 he entered the service 
of the Commonwealth as assistant clerk of the Senate, and in 1889 
was elected clerk of the same body, holding this ofiice by successive 
reflections for more than thirty-three years, vmtil his death, and 
serving longer as clerk of the Senate than any other man since the 
adoption of the State Constitution in 1780. 

Mr, Coolidge was a faithful pubhc servant, an authority on par- 
liamentary law and legislative procedure, an able and efficient clerk 
of the Senate, courteous to all, and a helpful coimsellor to the pre- 
siding officers of that body and to senators of both parties who sought 
his aid in the preparation of bills or in other legislative matters. 
He won and held not only the esteem but also the affection of the 
numerous members of the Senate who came and went during his 
long term of service. On the day after his death the Senate con- 
vened only to adjourn out of respect to his memory, and a day later 
appropriate resolutions were adopted by it and fitting tributes to him 
were voiced by the president and by leading senators. 

Mr. Coolidge was a serious student of hterature, an able dramatic 
critic, and a writer of marked abihty. He contributed articles to 
magazines and amused himself from time to time, in his leisure 
moments, by writing plays and playlets, several of which were 
produced on the professional stage. Perhaps the best known of 
these is a Ught opera entitled "Priscilla; or the Pilgrim's Proxy," 
pubhshed in 1889, for which he wrote the lyrics and which was 
composed first of all for the Concord Dramatic Club, the music 
being the work of Professor Thomas Whitney Surette of Concord. 
He was a member of the Social Circle in Concord, the oldest asso- 
ciation of the sort in the town, an outgrowth of the Revolutionary 
Committee of Safety. He was also a member of the Society of 
Mayflower Descendants, the Society for the Preservation of New 
England Antiquities, and the Concord Antiquarian Society, and 
several years ago he was elected to honorary membership in the 
New York Dramatic Club. 

He married at Concord, 8 September 1886, Rose Margaret Cutter, 
daughter of Isaac Jqnes and Margaret Farmer (Wood) Cutter, 


who survives him. Their four children were: 1. Margaret Wood 
born 10 October 1887; died 30 May 1889. 2. Pelham Dingley, born 
15 February 1891; died 24 September 1894. 3. Henry James, A.B. 
(Harvard, 1917, as of 1916), bom at Concord 11 August 1893, who 
served in the World War, attaining the rank of captain of Infantry, 
and is now in the banking business in Boston but resides in Concord. 
4. Frank Pelham, A.B. (Harvard, 1916), born at Concord 14 October 
1894, who went overseas with the American Expeditionary Forces 
in the World War as first lieutenant of Field ArtiUery, and is now 
a cotton salesman at Fall River, Mass. 

For more than thirty-five years Mr, Coolidge had made his home 
in Concord; and in that historic town, on the afternoon of 10 February 
1922, in the First Parish (Unitarian) Church, of which he was a 
member, funeral services were held, at which, besides his immediate 
friends and neighbors, the Governor of the Commonwealth, repre- 
sentatives of the executive departments, and delegations from both 
branches of the Legislature were present. 

Mrs. Alice Nichols (Coburn) Stevens, of Lowell, Mass., a 
resident member since 1904, was born at Lowell 4 April 1851, the 
daughter of Charles Butterfield and Elizabeth (West) Cobum, and 
died there 9 February 1922. 

She was a descendant of Edward^ Colburn, an early settler of 
Chelmsford, Mass., through Thomas^ Coburn, Ephraim,' Henry," 
Henry,* and Charles Butterfield,^ her father, who was born at Chelms- 
ford 16 June 1813. Her mother, who was born at Providence, R. I., 
11 November 1819, was a daughter of Samuel and Hannah (Foster) 
West of Salem, Mass., a granddaughter of Robert Foster, who took 
part in LesKe's retreat at the North Bridge, Salem, and a great- 
granddaughter of Col. Jeremiah Page, whose historic house in 
Danvers, Mass., was standing in 1904. Mrs. Stevens's grandfather, 
Samuel West, kept a bookstore in Salem, which was his home except 
for two years during which he resided at Providence. 

She was for three years a pupU in the Lowell High School, and 
spent two years, from 1868 to 1870, in study in Germany. 

She was married, 3 December 1873, to Jonathan Tyler Stevens, 
who died 12 March 1902, son of Charles Abbott and Maria (Tyler) 
Stevens. They had five children, of whom the third child, Maria 
Tyler Stevens, became the wife of William H. Fox and died before 
her mother, while the other four children, Tyler Abbott Stevens, 
JuUa West Stevens, Charles Abbott Stevens, and OUver Stevens, 
sur\'ive their parents. 

Mrs. Emily (Talbot) Walker, of San Mateo, Calif., a hfe member 
since 1904, was born at East Machias, Me., 12 September 1848, 
the daughter of William Chaloner and Sophia Gleason (Foster) 
Talbot, and died at San Mateo 20 February 1922. 

She traced her descent from Peter^ Talbot of Dorchester and 
Chelmsford, Mass., through Capt. George^ of Chelmsford, who fought 
in the Indian wars, Capt. Peter,' who served in the Revolution, 
Peter,* Peter,* who married EHza Chaloner, and William Chaloner,^ 


her father, who was born at East Machias 28 February 1816. Her 
mother, who was born at Eastport, Me., 15 October 1823, was a 
daughter of Ezekiel and Ruthy Jones (Hayden) Foster and a descend- 
ant of the Fosters of Ipswich, Mass. 

She was prepared for college at Clarke's Institute, San Francisco, 
Calif., where she was a pupil from 1860 to 1865, and entered Vassar 
College, Poughkeepsie, N. Y., in September 1865. In April 1867, 
however, illness compelled her to leave coUege; but she continued 
her studies from September 1867 to June 1868 at a pension for yovmg 
ladies at Geneva, Switzerland. 

She was married at San Francisco, 30 April 1885, to Cyrus Walker, 
son of James Martin and Eliza (Heald) Walker of Skowhegan, Me. 
Their son, Talbot Cyrus Walker, was born at San Francisco 31 
December 1886. Their daughter, Emily Pope Walker, was bom 
2 December 1890 and died on 14 December of the same year. 

For many years her home was at San Francisco. 

Shepheed Brooks, A.M., of Boston and Medford, Mass., a 
Pilgrim Tercentenary member since 1919, was bom in Baltimore, 
Md., where his parents, Gorham and Ellen (Shepherd) Brooks of 
Boston and Medford, were temporarily residing, 23 July 1837, and 
died in Boston 21 February 1922. 

He was a member of an illustrious Massachusetts family, of which 
the immigrant ancestor was Thomas^ Brooks, an early settler of 
Watertown, who was admitted a freeman 7 December 1636 and soon 
afterwards removed to Concord, where he was constable in 1638 
and later deputy and captain. In 1660 he and his son-in-law, Timothy 
Wheeler, bought four hundred acres of land in Medford; but he 
continued to reside in Concord, and died there 21 May 1667. Among 
his children by his wife Grace, who died 12 May 1664, was Caleb,^ 
born, probably in England, about 1632, who removed from Concord 
to Medford and died 29 July 1696, aged 64. His two wives, Susanna 
and Hannah, were sisters, being the daughters of Thomas Atkinson; 
and by the second wife, Hannah, he had two sons, Ebenezer^ of 
Medford, whose grandson, John Brooks (1752-1825), was the well- 
known Governor of Massachusetts, and SamueP of Medford, who 
was born 1 September 1672 and died 3 July 1733. This Samuel 
married Sarah Boylston, daughter of Dr. Thomas Boylston of 
Brookline and sister of the wife of his brother Ebenezer; and their 
son Samuel^ of Medford, who was born 3 September 1700 and died 
5 July 1768, was by his wife, Mary Boutwell of Reading, the father 
of five children, one of whom was Rev. Edward^ Brooks of Medford, 
A.B. (Harvard, 1757), A.M. (z6., 1760), who was born 4 November 
1743 and died at Medford 6 May 1781. For a few years after his 
graduation at Harvard Edward Brooks was librarian of Harvard 
College, and in July 1764 he was settled as pastor at North Yarmouth, 
Me. Here, however, Mr, Brooks's somewhat liberal theology proved 
unacceptable to his flock, and in March 1769 he was at his own 
request dismissed from his pastorate and returned to Medford. He 
took an active part in the stirring events of 19 April 1775, and in 1777 
was appointed chaplain on the frigate Hancock, which was captured 

Ixvi N. 'e. historic genealogical society 

by the British off Halifax, Mr. Brooks being held for some tirae as a 
prisoner. By his wife, Abigail Brown, whom he married in September 
1764, daughter of Rev. John and Joanna (Cotton) Brown of Haver- 
hill and great-great-granddaughter of the famous Puritan teacher. 
Rev. John Cotton of Boston, Mr. Brooks had two sons and two 
daughters. His second son, Hon. Peter Chardon* Brooks, who was 
born at North Yarmouth 6 January 1767 and died in Boston 
1 January 1849, was named for one of his father's Harvard class- 
mates, Peter Chardon, who died prematurely in the West Indies 
in October 1766, the son of an eminent Boston merchant of Huguenot 
descent, whose house stood at the corner of the present Bowdoin 
Square and Chardon Street, on the site recently occupied by the 
Bowdoin Square Baptist Church. The family of Rev. Edward Brooks 
was in straitened circumstances after his death; but the yoimg 
Peter Chardon Brooks, starting in business in Boston about 1789 
as a marine-insurance broker, rose to be one of the most eminent 
merchants of Boston, and accumulated a fortune. He resided in 
Boston in the winter, and passed his summers on his ancestral acres 
in the western part of Medford, where he built a large mansion house. 
At various times he held public office in the Commonwealth, serving 
in both branches of the State Legislature, in the Executive CoimcU, 
and in the Constitutional Convention of 1820. In 1792 he married 
Ann Gorham, daughter of Judge Nathaniel of Chariest own. Of their 
large family of thirteen children, Charlotte Gray Brooks became 
the wife of Hon. Edward Everett, and Abigail Brown Brooks the 
wife of Hon. Charles Francis Adams, son of President John Quincy 
Adams. Gorham' Brooks of Medford, son of Peter Chardon Brooks, 
was born at Medford 10 February 1795, entered Harvard College, 
from which he received the degree of Bachelor of Arts in 1814 and 
that of Master of Arts three years later, and died 10 September 1855. 
He married, 20 April 1829, EUen Shepherd, who was born in Louisiana 
22 August 1809 and died 11 August 1884, daughter of Resin Davis and 
Lucy (Gorham) Shepherd. Their only daughter died in infancy; 
but their elder son, Peter Chardon* Brooks, A.B. (Harvard, 1852), 
A.M. {ib., 1871), who was born at Watertown 8 May 1831 and died 
in Boston 27 January 1920, married, 4 October 1866, Sarah Lawrence, 
daughter of Amos Adams Lawrence, A.B. (Harvard, 1835), A.JNI. 
{ib., 1838), and was a weU-known and pubKc-spirited resident of 
Boston and Medford, while their younger son. Shepherd* Brooks, 
is the subject of this memoir. 

He was prepared for college by Dr. Samuel Eliot of Boston, entered 
Harvard, and received there the degree of Bachelor of Arts in 1857 
and that of Master of Arts in 1872. Only two of his Harvard class- 
mates of 1857 survived him. 

After leaving college, Mr. Brooks passed the winter in New Orleans, 
and in the autumn of 1858 went to Europe, where he remained two 
years and travelled extensively. His freedom from financial cares 
made it possible for him to spend a winter in the South whenever 
he wished and to travel at will in this country and abroad. In the 
spring of 1872 he joined a pleasiure party that journeyed to the 


Pacific coast, and thus met his future wife, who was also a member 
of the party. 

Although he had made a special study of architecture, he did not 
follow up this subject as an active profession. He had a house in 
Boston and a beautiful estate in the western part of Medford, where 
he indulged his tastes for rural life and raised extensive crops of the 
highest quality. The Brooks estate was one of the show places of 
Medford, and was famed throughout the East. It possessed also 
much historic interest, and evidences of the old-time canal, the 
Indian monument, and the slave wall could until recently be found 
there. He was a leading citizen in the home town of his progenitors 
and one of its principal benefactors, and was identified with many 
of its institutions. 

He married in Boston, 10 December 1872, Clara Gardner, daughter 
of George and Helen M. (Read) Gardner of Boston, who survives 
him, together with a son, Gorham Brooks of Boston, A.B. (Harvard, 
1905), and two daughters, Helen, wife of Robert Wales Emmons 
of Boston, A.B. (Harvard, 1895), and Rachel, wife of James Jackson 
of Westwood, Mass., A.B. (Harvard, 1904), who is at present Treas- 
urer and Receiver-General of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 

Funeral services for Mr. Brooks were held in King's Chapel, 
Boston, and his body was placed in the family tomb in Oak Grove 
Cemeteiy, Medford. 

James Brown Potter, A. B., of New York City, a Pilgrim Ter- 
centenary member since 1919, was born in New York City 17 May 
1853, the son of Howard and Mary Louisa (Brown) Potter, and died 
at West Hampton, near Richmond, Va., 21 February 1922. 

The family to which he belonged is conspicuous among American 
famiUes for its eminent services in church and state and for the 
distinguished careers of its members in professional, military, and 
financial pvu-suits. Within the past hundred years it has produced 
three bishops of the Protestant Episcopal Church, a college president, 
a vaUant officer in the Civil War, a highly-respected member of 
Congress, and several men of solid worth in the financial world. 
The family is of New England origin, and was settled at Cranston, 
R. I., when Joseph Potter, a member of the Society of Friends, the 
great-grandfather of the subject of this memoir, migrated to Beekman 
(now La Grange), Dutchess Co., N. Y. Joseph's son. Right Rev. 
Alonzo Potter, D.D., LL.D., who was born at Beekman 10 July 1800 
and died at San Francisco, Calif., 4 July 1865, was graduated at 
Union College, Schenectady, N. Y., in 1818, the first of several 
members of the family to study at this college, which he served 
later as teacher and vice president and of which he was practically 
the controlling head for a number of years. His marriage to the 
only daughter of Rev. EUphalet Nott, D.D., LL.D., a native of 
Connecticut and the distinguished and beloved president of Union 
CoEege from 1804 to 1866, added another Unk to the ancestral chain 
that connected the Potters of New York with their New England 
forbears. For the last twenty years of his Hfe (1845-1865) Dr. Alonzo 
Potter was Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Diocese of Pennsyl- 


vania, and his younger brother, Right Rev. Horatio Potter, D.D., 
LL.D., D.C.L., a graduate of Union College in the Class of 1826, 
was Bishop of New York from 1861 to 1887. Of Bishop Alonzo 
Potter's six sons, Hon. Clarkson Nott Potter, LL.D., was gradu- 
ated at Union College in 1842, served several terms in Congress 
as a Democratic member from New York, and had a prominent part 
in the adjustment of the Hayes-Tilden presidential dispute in 
1876-77, Howard Potter, A.M., the father of James Brown Potter, 
was graduated at Union College in 1846 and was a lawyer, a banker, 
and a benefactor of his alma mater, Maj. Gen. Robert Brown Potter, 
who studied at Union College with the Class of 1849 but did not 
take a. degree there, was commended by General Grant for his 
efficiency in the Civil War and was said by General Hancock to have 
been one of the twelve best Army officers in that struggle, Edward 
Tuckerman Potter, A.B. (Union, 1853), was an eminent architect 
and musical composer, Right Rev. Henry Codman Potter, D.D., 
LL.D., D.C.L., who did not attend Union College, succeeded his 
uncle as Bishop of New York, and Rev. EHphalet Nott Potter, D.D., 
LL.D., a graduate of Union College in the Class of 1861, was president 
of the College from 1871 to 1884 and president of Hobart College, 
Geneva, N. Y., from 1884 to 1897. 

James Brown Potter's early education was acquired in part in a 
preparatory school at Geneva, Switzerland. He entered Union 
College in 1871, pursued the scientffic course, and received there in 
1873 the degree of Bachelor of Arts. Like his father, his business Hfe 
was devoted chiefly to mercantile and financial pursuits. He began 
business as a cotton broker, but subs^^quently turned to real estate 
and to banldng, being connected with the well-known banking house 
of Brown Brothers & Company. He was president of the great 
cotton ranches of Tlahualilo, !^Iexico, a director of the INIissouri, 
Kansas & Texas Railroad Company and of other commercial and 
financial enterprises, and a member of the New York Chamber of 

His success in business made it possible for him to indulge exten- 
sively in foreign and domestic travel; and he was affiliated with 
many clubs, including the New York Yacht Club and the Tuxedo 

He married first, in 1877, Cora Urquhart, eldest daughter of 
Col. David Urquhart of New Orleans, from whom he obtained a 
divorce in 1900; and secondly, in 1902, Mary Handy, daughter of 
Capt. J. A. Handy, U. S. N., of Richmond, Va., who sur\'ives him, 
together with a daughter by his first wife, Anne Urquhart, who was 
married, 3 June 1901, to James Alexander Stillman of New York City, 
A.B. (Harvard, 1896). 

Samuel Dale Stevens, of North Andover, Mass., a Pilgrim 
Tercentenary member since 1919, was born at North Andover 16 
June 1859, the second son of Hon. Moses Tyler and Charlotte EmeUne 
(Osgood) Stevens, and died there 21 February 1922. 

His paternal ancestors had been settled in Andover (of which 
North Andover formed a part down to 1855) from Colonial days. 



His grandfather, Capt. Nathaniel Stevens, son of Jonathan and 

Susanna (Bragg), was born at Andover 18 October 1786, and married 

at Chehnsford, 7 November 1815, Harriet Hale, daughter of Moses 

and Susanna Hale of Chelmsford. Capt. Nathaniel Stevens was 

one of the early manufacturers of textUe goods in this country; and 

the small mill which he built and equipped on Cochichewick Brook 

in 1813 grew into the Stevens MUls, which still remain under the 

control of the Stevens family. Moses Tyler Stevens, son of Capt. 

Nathaniel and father of the subject of this memoir, was born at 

Andover 10 October 1825, was graduated at Phillips Academy, 

Andover, in 1842, and entered Dartmouth College; but he left 

college the next year and went into the business founded by his 

father, the manufacture of woolen goods. In 1869 Dartmouth 

conferred on Mr. Stevens the degree of Master of Arts, and in 1889 

placed his name on the Ust of Bachelors of Arts as of the Class of 1846, 

the class with which he would have been graduated had he completed 

his college course. He was a member of the Massachusetts House 

of Representatives in 1861, and of the Massachusetts Senate in 1868, 

f and was elected as a Democrat to the United States House of Repre- 

1 sentatives, serving in the Fifty-second and Fifty-third Congresses 

I (1891-1895). He died at North Andover 25 March 1907. His wife, 

I Charlotte Emehne Osgood, was born at Andover in December 1831, 

j the daughter of Isaac and Charlotte (Adams) Osgood. 

! Samuel Dale Stevens was educated in the local grammar and high 

\ schools and in the Highland MiUtary Academy at Worcester, Mass., 

I where he was graduated in 1877. He then entered the employ of 

I his father, who, after the death of his two brothers, George and 

\ Horace N. Stevens, was the sole proprietor of the Stevens MUls. 

\ In 1885 Samuel Dale Stevens and his brother Nathaniel were admitted 

j to partnership with their father, and five years lat«r the business 

I was incorporated as the M. T. Stevens Sons Company, the three 

\ brothers, Nathaniel, Samuel Dale, and Moses T., Jr., becoming 

active factors in the management. The corporation now controls 

six woolen mills, situated in three States, Massachusetts, New 

Hampshire, and Rhode Island; and Samuel Dale Stevens was its 

vice president. 

^Ir. Stevens was also vice president of the Andover Savings Bank, 
a director of the Andover National Bank and of other corporations 
and financial institutions, and a trustee of the Stevens Memorial 
Fund in North Andover, estabhshed by his father. As a trustee of 
the pubUc library, which his father had given to the town, and as 
president of the North Andover Improvement Society, Mr. Stevens 
rendered most helpful service to the community. During the World 
War he was an active worker in many good causes, and took especial 
interest in the Red Cross and Liberty Loan campaigns. Although he 

• never sought political honors, there was no service for the welfare 
•; of the town that he did not wiUingly undertake. 

In his later years Mr. Stevens was deeply interested in records 
; relating to North Andover and the manufacture of woolens; and, 

• the better to preserve the records and traditions of the town, he 
founded the North Andover Historical Society, and was its moving 


spirit. He was a member also of the Society of Sons of the Revolution, 
the Society for the Preservation of New England Antiquities, the 
Bostonian Society, and the Marblehead Historical Society. 

His church aflSliations were with the North Parish Church of 
North Andover, of which he was treasurer for fifteen years before 
his death. 

He married, 16 June 1885, Lucy Ameha Abbot, born at Canton, 
Mass., daughter of Dr. Ezra and Caroline Howard (Lincoln) Abbot, 
who survives him, together with two sons. Abbot Stevens of North 
Andover, A.B. (Harvard, 1911), treasurer of the M. T. Stevens Sons 
Company, and Samuel Dale Stevens, Jr., of Peace Dale, R. I., super- 
intendent of the Peace Dale Mills, and one daughter, Caroline 
Stevens of North Andover, A.B. (Bryn Mawr College, 1917). Samuel 
Dale Stevens, Jr., succeeds to his father's Pilgrim Tercentenary 
membership in the New England Historic Genealogical Society. 

Rev. Williston Walker, Ph.D., D.D., L.H.D., of New Haven, 
Conn., a resident member since 1904, was born at Portland, Me., 
1 July 1860, the son of Rev. George Leon Walker, D.D., and his 
wife, Maria (Williston) Walker, and died at New Haven 9 March 

He traced his descent from Capt. Richard^ Walker of Lynn, Mass., 
1634, through Samuel,^ Samuel,' John,* Nathaniel,^ Phinehas,® 
Leonard,^ Rev. Charles,* D.D., and Rev. George Leon,' D.D., his 
father, who was born at Rutland, Vt., 30 April 1830, and died 
14 March 1900. His mother, the daughter of Nathan Birdseye and 
Margaret (Miller) Williston, was born at Brattleboro, Vt., 19 October 
1835, and died 31 August 1865. 

He was graduated at Amherst College in 1883, with the degree of 
Bachelor of Arts, entered the Hartford Theological Seminary in the 
same year and was graduated there in 1886, and then pursued his 
studies at the University of Leipzig, receiving from the last-named 
institution the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in 1888. The degree 
of Doctor of Divinity was conferred upon him by Western Reserve 
University in 1894, Ajnherst College in 1895, Yale University in 1901, 
the University of Geneva, Switzerland, in 1909, and Harvard Univer- 
sity in 1912. In 1910 he received the degree of Doctor of Humane 
Letters from Marietta College, Ohio. 

Dr. Walker's distinguished career as a teacher began at Bryn 
Mawr College, where he was an associate in history in 1888-89. 
From there he returned to the Hartford Theological Seminary, where 
he was associate professor of church history, 1889-1892, and Waldo 
Professor of Germanic and Western Church History, 1892-1901. 
In 1901 he was called to be Titus Street Professor of Ecclesiastical 
History at Yale University, and held this chair until he was made 
provost of the University in 1919, This office was a new one, and 
the labors involved in it, though carried by him with his accustomed 
conscientiousness, were altogether too heavy for his physical strength, 
which had never been of the best, and brought him prematurely to 
his death, to the great sorrow of the many who had known and 
honored him. 


Among other responsibilities that devolved on Professor Walker 
may be mentioned his connection with Amherst College, of which 
he was a trustee from 1896 and secretary of the Board of Trustees 
since 1899, and with the Andover (Mass.) Theological Seminary, 
where he was Southworth Lecturer on CJongregationalism, 1898-99. 

He was a teacher of unusual ability. His mind was a storehouse 
of historical lore, and he knew how to present his learning to his 
classes in a most fascinating manner. Lucidity was one of his striking 
characteristics, and accuracy of statement another. 

His writings, which have been recognized as authoritative and 
have gained for him a wide reputation, include the following: "On 
the Increase of Royal Power under Philip Augustus," 1888, "The 
Creeds and Platforms of Congregationalism," 1893, "A History of 
the Congregational Churches in the United States," 1894, "The 
Reformation," 1900, "Ten New England Leaders," 1901, "John 
Calvin," 1906, "Great Men of the Christian Church," 1908, "French 
Trans-Geneva," 1909, and "History of the Christian Church," 1918. 

He was a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 
a member of the American Antiquarian Society, the American 
Historical Association, the American Society of Church History, 
the Colonial Society of Massachusetts, the Connecticut Society of 
Arts and Sciences, the New Haven Colony Historical Society, of 
which he was president, 1903-1913, and the Connecticut Society of 
Colonial Wars, and a member also of the Centiuy Club of New York 
and the Graduates Club of New Haven. 

He married, 1 June 1886, Alice Mather, daughter of Professor 
Richard Henry, M.A., D.D., and Elizabeth (Carmichael) Mather 
of Amherst, Mass., who survives him, together with two daughters, 
AmeUa, wife of Morgan B. Gushing of Brunswick, Me., and Elizabeth 
Walker of New Haven. 

Augustus Larkin Thorndike, of Brewster, Mass., a resident 
member since 1899, was born in East Boston 10 August 1861, the 
son of William Henry Thorndike, A.B. (Harvard, 1845), M.D. (ib., 
1848), a Boston surgeon of repute, and his wife, Sarah Wayland 
(Smith), and died in Boston 10 March 1922. 

He was a descendant of John^ Thorndike of Beverly, Mass., who 
came to New England as early as 1632, through PauP and John' of 
Beverly, James* and Paul* of BiUerica, Mass., Larkin^ of Salem, 
"Mass., and WiUiam Henry,' his father, who was born at Salem 
5 June 1824 and died in Boston 26 December 1884. His mother 
was born in Boston 24 March 1826, the daughter of Ebenezer and 
Eliza (Townsend) Smith. 

He was educated in the Boston pubUc schools, and his first business 
position was with the Oriental Oil Company in Charlestown, where 
he remained for five years. At the end of this period he opened 
an office in Boston for the care and management of real estate, under- 
taking the trusteeship of the Stebbins estate and accepting at the 
same time the office of first president of the Boston Cooperative Bank. 
Later he became president of the Wirmisimmet National Bank of 
Chelsea, and had charge of his father's estate for many years. 


I In 1911 he was the Democratic candidate for Treasurer and 

I Receiver-General of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, but was 

I defeated in the election. When, however, a vacancy occurred in the 

I position of bank commissioner, Mr. Thomdike was appointed to 

I this oflfice in 1912 by Governor Foss, and served with distinction 

I until 1920. 

I He took much interest in public affairs, and was active in the 

f community life of the little town of Brewster, which he called his 

f home, although he also had a house in Boston. He was a director 

of the Barnstable County Agricultural Association, and acted as the 
executive secretary of the Red Cross for the Cape district. 

His club affiliations included the St. Botolph, the Coimtry, the 
Twentieth Century, the Economic, the Harvard Travelers, the 
Algonquin, and the Automobile Clubs, and the Boston Athletic 

Mr. Thorndike married, 23 Jime 1885, Cora Nickerson, daughter 
of Frederick William and Lucy Blanchard (Howard) Nickerson and 
gi'anddaughter of Capt. Frederick Nickerson of Brewster. His wife 
survives him, together with a daughter, Louise, wife of Clifford R. 
Eddy of West Newton, a sister, Mrs. Grace T. Whittemore of Newton, 
a brother, Townsend William Thomdike of Boston, M.D. (Harvard, 
1902), and three granddaughters. 

Hartley Frederic Atwood, A.B., of Brookline, Mass., a resident 
member since 1897, was born at Chelsea, Mass., 19 December 1861, 
the son of Rufus King and Mary Abigail (Oliver) Atwood, and died 
unmarried at Brookline 11 March 1922. 

He was a descendant of Stephen^ Atwood of Eastham in the 
Plymouth Colony, through Eldad,^ John^, Timothy,* David,* David,^ 
and Rufus King,^ his father, who was born at Wellfleet, Mass., 
28 April 1826. His mother, daughter of Jacob, 2d, and Lydia Crosbj' 
(Dunton) Oliver, was born at Georgetown, Me., 13 September 1828. 

He was prepared for college at the Boston Latin School, entered 
Harvard, and received there the degree of Bachelor of Arts in 1884. 
After graduation he spent a short time in the banking business, and 
then took up the study of law in the Boston University Law School. 
He was admitted to the Suffolk bar in July 1888, and for a while was 
associated with Messrs. Hyde, Dickinson & Howe of Boston; but 
in 1889 he opened an office of his own and continued in the practice 
of his profession until his death. For many years he was counsel for 
the Boston Safe Deposit & Trust Company. 

His church affiUations were with the Harvard Church (Congrega- 
tional) in Brookline, and he was a member of the University and 
Harvard Clubs of Boston and of the Boston Art Club. 

Moses Jones Wentworth, A.M., LL.B., of Chicago, lU., a life 
member since 1885, was born at Sandwich, N. H., 9 May 1848, the 
son of Col. Joseph and Sarah Payson (Jones) Wentworth, and died 
in Chicago 12 March 1922. 

He was a descendant of Elder William^ Wentworth of Dover, N. H., 
the immigrant ancestor of one of the most distinguished families of 



I New Hampshire, through EzekieP and Capt. Benjamin^ of Dover, 

I Hon. John* of Dover and Somersworth, Hon, John* of Dover, A.B. 

I (Harvard, 1768), Capt. Paul* of Dover, Sandwich, and Concord, and 

I Col. Joseph^ of Sandwich and Concord, his father, who was born at 

I Sandwich 30 January 1818. His mother, the daughter of Moses and 

I Sarah (Clark) Jones, was born at Brookline, Mass., 19 February 1823. 

i Hon. John Wentworth, LL.D., of Chicago, well known in public Ufe 

I and commonly called "Long John Wentworth," who was mayor of 

I Chicago in 1857 and 1860, Representative in Congress from lUinois, 

I 1843-1851, 1853-1855, 1865-1867, a corresponding member of the 

I New England Historic Genealogical Society from 1850, a life member 

: from 1865 until his death in 1888, Honorary Vice President of the 

Society, 1855-1876, 1879-1888, and the author of "The Wentworth 
Genealogy," and his brother, Samuel Hidden Wentworth, A.M., 
LL.B., of Boston, who was a life member of the Society from 1868 
until his death in 1912 and Recording Secretary and a Director, 
1870-1873, were uncles of the subject of this memoir.* 
Moses Jones Wentworth's early education was acquired in the 
I schools of Sandwich and under a private tutor. In April 1861 he 

! entered Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass., and was graduated there 

I in 1863. In March 1864 he and his elder brother, Paul, who had 

I been in the same class with him at Andover, went to Cambridge, 

• Mass., received there further instruction from the weU-known 

I teacher, the late George Washington Copp Noble, A.B. (Harvard, 

'• 1858), A.M. (ib., 1863), and entered Harvard, where they were 

I roonamates throughout their college course and were admitted to the 

I degree of Bachelor of Arts in 1868. Paul Wentworth retiirned to 

1 New Hampshire, became a lawyer and a farmer, and died in 1915; 

{ but his younger brother, Moses, went to Chicago, studied law there, 

1 and received the degree of Bachelor of Laws from the University of 

I Chicago in 1871. In 1872 he was made Master of Arts by his alma 

\ mater. 

I He entered upon the practice of his profession in Chicago, and 

I was soon drawn into pohtics. He was elected in November 1874 

: to the Illinois House of Representatives for a two-year term, as a 

member of the ' ' Opposition ' ' Party, which was composed of opponents 
of Republican rule. He was reelected in November 1876 as a Demo- 
crat. He was again elected in 1878 and in 1880, but in 1882 declined 
a unanimous renomination for the next Legislature. In 1888 the 
Democratic State Convention selected him as a candidate for presi- 
dential elector from the First District of Illinois. 

To his professional work he added the care of estates, which came 
to be his chief occupation; and he served also as a director in various 
corporations, such as the Merchants' Loan & Trust Company, the 
State Bank of Chicago, and the MetropoKtan West Side Elevated 
Railroad Company. He was also a trustee of the Newberry Library 
of Chicago and a vice president of the James C. King Home for 
Old Men. 

•For the Wentworth family cf. "The Wentworth Genealogy," 3 vols., Boston, 1878, passim, 
"Memorial Kographies of the New-England Historic Genealogical Society," vol. 8, p. 363 
(memoir of John Wentworth of Chicago), and Register, vol. 67, p. lix (memoir of Samuel 
Hidden Wentworth). 


He was an active member and a trustee of the Fourth Presbj'terian 
Church in Chicago, and he belonged to the University, Harvard, 
Calumet, and Saddle and Cycle Clubs of that city and to the Illinois 
Society of Colonial Wars, of which he was governor in 1906. He 
published a genealogical pamphlet entitled "Families of Shaw, 
Ainsworth, Andrews, Hunt." In the summer of 1906 he sought 
recreation in a motor-car trip with his family in England and Scot- 

He married, 7 December 1891, Lizzie Shaw Hunt, daughter of 
Charles H. and Eleanora (Shaw) Hunt of Chicago, who survives him, 
together with two sons, John Wentworth, A.B. (Harvard, 1914), 
who served in the Aviation Section with the American Expeditionary 
Forces in the World War, attaining the rank of captain, and Hunt 
Wentworth, A.B. (Harvard, 1917), who also served with the American 
Expeditionary Forces as a captain of Infantry. 

Jerome Carter Hosmer, of Dorchester, Mass., a life member 
since 1897, was bom at Framingham, Mass., 2 November 1834, 
the son of Charles and Susanna (Carter) Hosmer, and died at Dor- 
chester 17 March 1922. 

He was descended in two lines from James^ Hosmer of Concord, 
Mass., the immigrant ancestor of this New England family, whose 
English home was at Hawkhurst, co. Kent, and who came to America 
in the Elizabeth from London in 1635, aged 28, and settled finally at 
Concord, where he died 7 February 1685. The first line of descent 
led through Stephen'^ Hosmer of Concord, a soldier in King Philip's 
War, Stephen,^ Ephraim,* Samuel,^ a Revolutionary soldier, and 
Charles,^ who was born at Acton, Mass., 13 August 1799, and died 
in 1866, the father of the subject of this memoir; and the second 
line led through Stephen,^ Stephen,^ Jonathan,* Stephen,^ and Sarah,* 
who married SamueP Hosmer of the first line, her first cousin once 
removed, and was the mother of Charles,* mentioned above. Susanna 
Carter, mother of Jerome Carter Hosmer, was bom at Lancaster, 
Mass., 2 November 1800, and died in 1870, the daughter of Ephraim 
and Mary (Maynard) Carter and a descendant in two lines from 
Rev. Thomas Carter, a graduate of St. John's College, Cambridge, 
England, and the first minister at Wobum, Mass. SamueP Carter, 
who was in the Indian fight at Lancaster in 1704, his nephew. Col. 
John* Carter, who marched to the relief of Fort William Henry, 
and Lieut. William Maynard, who fought at Bunker HiU, were 
among her "fighting" ancestors. Jerome Carter Hosmer was also, 
through Martha Conant, wdfe of his great-great-grandfather, 
Jonathan* Hosmer, a descendant of Roger Conant, the well-known 
leader of the early settlement at Cape Ann. 

He received his early education in the public schools of Framing- 
ham, and was for four years a pupil at Framingham Academy, where 
he studied every subject in the curriculum except Greek. On 1 April 
1851 he came to Boston, and for nearly two years was employed 
in a wholesale straw and milhnery house on Milk Street. Finding 
mercantile life uncongenial, he returned to Framingham, learned the 
carpenter's trade, and after the outbreak of the Civil War went to 



\ work at Springfield, Mass. Soon afterwards he entered the service 

I of the Government, in which he remained until the close of the War. 

I He then came again to Boston, where for thirteen years he followed 

1 the occupation of superintendent for a Boston builder and then for 

I fifteen years more was employed by a firm of builders partly to pre- 

I pare their estimates and partly as a superintendent. In 1892 he 

I embarked ia business on his own account as a contractor and builder, 

I , and was often engaged, as an expert in building matters, to appraise 
j losses by fire and to fix values of property. Dming his later years 

r Mr. Hosmer lived in retirement at his home in Dorchester. 

I His interest in tracing his ancestral lines led to his becoming a 

member of the New England Historic Genealogical Society, in which 
he served for three years (1907, 1908, 1909) as a member of the Com- 
mittee on English Research and for three more years (1911, 1912, 
1913) as a member of the Council. He was a member also of the 
Bostonian Society, the Society of Colonial Wars in the Commonwealth 
of Massachusetts, the Massachusetts Society of Sons of the American 
Revolution, being a charter member and at one time president of 
; the Boston Chapter of this organization, and the Starr Family 

I Association, an honorary member of the Handel and Hayden Society, 

I and a director for many years of the Massachusetts Charitable 

I Mechanic Association. He was the oldest living member of 

I Moimt Lebanon Lodge, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons. In 

I politics he was a Repubhcan and in religious belief a Unitarian. 

I Mr. Hosmer married, 22 December 1859, Martha Ann Fogg, 

I daughter of Abner and Sarah Waite (Sherman) Fogg, who died 

I several years before her husband. Of their three sons and three 

I daughters, two sons died in infancy, the youngest daughter, Sadie 

i Sherman Hosmer, died before her father, and the other three chil- 

I dren, Frederick Charles Hosmer of Cleveland, Ohio, Susie Carter 

I Hosmer, wife of Edward Lanning of Dorchester, and Mary Agnes 

Hosmer, wife of Walter G. Morey of Mechanic Falls, Me., survive 
him. Rev. Frederick Lucian Hosmer, S.T.D., of Berkeley, Calif., 
a well-known Unitarian clergyman and writer of hymns, is a younger 
brother of the subject of this memoir, and Professor James Kendall 
Hosmer, A.M., Ph.D., LL.D., of Minneapolis, Minn., the historian 
and biographer, is a relative. 

William Francis Warden, of Boston, artist, a resident member 
since 1920, was born at Bath, Me., 2 June 1872, the son of Clarence 
and Harriet Hatch (Payne) Warden, and died at the Roosevelt 
Hospital in New York City 22 March 1922. 

He was a descendant of Thomas^ Warden, who was of Scituate in 
the Plymouth Colony in 1690 and had probably been at Pemaquid, 
Me., in 1686, and his wife, Elizabeth (Sergeant), through Francis- 
(1695-1766) of Scituate and Boston and his first wife, Elizabeth 
(Crowell), John* (1735-1820) of Salem, Mass., and his second wife, 
Sarah Bridge (Gorman), John* (1775-1858) of Salem and his wife, 
Rachel (Ross), Francis^ (bom at Salem 6 July 1806, died in Paris, 
France, 27 January 1873) and his wife, Lydia Susanna (Davis), and 
Clarence,* his father, who was born in New York City 3 September 


1845 and died in Paris 6 March 1907. His mother, Harriet Hatch 
PajTie, was born at Bath 8 November 1845, was married to Clarence^ 
Warden 5 November 1870, and died in Paris 8 September 1903. 
She was a daughter of Wilham Elisha Payne, M.D., a prominent 
physician of Bath, and his wife, Betsey Ann (Hatch), and was a 
descendant of Stephen Hopkins of the Mayflower. 

Mr. Warden was educated in Paris, and resided there until a few 
years before his death, when he came to Boston to Uve. He studied 
painting in Paris under Joseph Mezzara, L6on Comerre, Aim6 Morot, 
Robert-Fleury, and Benjamin Constant, and won recognition as a 
talented artist. Many times he exhibited his paintings at the Salon 
des Artistes Fran^ais in Paris and at other Paris exhibitions, and 
several times also in Chicago; and he received a medal for work 
exhibited at Toulouse, France. 

In the World War he gave his services in French relief work in 
Boston, and his assiduous labors in this cause undermined his health. 
He was a member of the Cercle de V Union Artistigue and of the 
Traveler's Club, both of Paris, the Society of Mayflower Descendants, 
the Society of Colonial Wars in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
the Boston Athletic Association, and the Union Club of New York 
Mr. Warden married, 12 July 1898, Eleanor Cotton Denham, 
I daughter of Weston Tate and Melinda Carr (Potter) Denham of 

i Bowdoin, Me., who, with one chUd, Harriet Eleanor Warden, sirr- 

f vives her husband. Mrs.Warden was elected a resident member of 

I the New England Historic Genealogical Society on 3 December 

! 1919, three months before her husband joined the Society, ser\-ed 

I for two years (1921 and 1922) as a member of the Committee on 

I Papers and Essays, and is at present a member of the Special Com- 

1 mittee on Hospitality. She is also a member of the Council of the 

I Society, having been elected at the annual meeting in February 

[ 1921 for a three years' term. 

_ Lucy Carpenter Sweet, of Attleboro,* Mass., a resident member 
since 1917, was bom at Worcester, Mass., 29 December 1855, the 
daughter of Everett Leprilete and Lucy Bliss (Carpenter) Sweet, 
and died at the old family homestead in Attleboro 23 March 1922. 

She was a descendant of John^ Sweet of Salem, Mass., and later 
of Providence, who died in 1637, through John^ of Warwick and 
Newport, R. I., Henry^ of Swansea and Attleborough, Mass., 
Thomas,* Gideon,* Leprilete,^ and Everett LeprUete,'^ her father, 
who was born at Attleborough 28 August 1828. Her mother, Lucy 
Bliss Carpenter, was bom at Rehoboth, Mass., 1 August 1824, the 
daughter of Joseph and Nancy Mason (Bullock) Carpenter, and 
was married to Everett Leprilete Sweet 6 March 1851. Among other 
ancestors of Lucy Carpenter Sweet were the Bullocks, Bowens, 
Coles, Dunhams, Salisburys, Wheelers, and other prominent settlers 
in early New England. 

Miss Sweet's father spent five years of his business life in Worces- 
ter, and in that city his daughter Lucy was bom. From early 

♦In 1914 the town of Attleborough was incorporated as the city of Attleboro. 


childhood, however, Attleborough, the home of several generations 
of her ancestors, was also her home. She attended the public schools 
in that town, and after her graduation from the high school in June 
1874 she became a teacher in the lower grades of the grammar schools 
there. After twenty years of this service for the town she conducted 
for three years a private school for kindergarten and primary pupils. 

The caU of genealogy was strong within her, and the urge to follow 
that profession led her to study the methods and principles of genea- 
logical research. The later years of her life were whoUy devoted to 
this profession and to nmnerous patriotic interests. As a member 
of the Society of Daughters of the American Revolution she had 
proved her descent from ten or more Revolutionary ancestors, and 
she took an active part in the meetings of that organization. She 
often attended as a delegate the Washington conventions of the 
society, and was registrar of its Attleboro chapter. 

She was also a faithful worker in the Second Congregational Church 
of Attleboro. 

Hon. George Winslow Wiggin, of Franklin, Mass., elected a 
resident member in 1901 and made a life member in 1902, was bom 
at Sandwich, N. H., 10 March 1841, the son of Richard and Mehitable 
(Beede) Wiggin, and died at Franklin 23 March 1922. 

He was descended from Capt. Thomas^ Wiggin, who was at Dover, 
N. H., in 1631, where he was one of the earhest members of the 
government and was an assistant for several years from 1650 on, 
through Thomas,^ who married Sarah Barefoote, sister of Deputy 
Gov. Walter Barefoote of New Hampshire, Thomas,' Andrew,* 
Chase,* Andrew,^ and Richard,'' his father. 

He was educated, largely by his own industry, in the common 
schools and academy of his native town, in the Friends' boarding 
school at Providence, R. I., and at Phillips Academy, Exeter, N. H., 
where he was graduated in 1867. 

Previous to entering Phillips Academy he had taught school for 
three winters, two winters in Falmouth and one in Barnstable, 
Mass., and after his graduation he resumed teaching for five years, 
one of which he spent as instructor in mathematics in the Friends' 
School at Providence and the other foiu* as principal of the high 
school at Wrentham, Mass. After studying law with Hon. Samuel 
Warner, he was admitted to the Norfolk (Mass.) bar in 1872, prac- 
tised his profession in Franklin with success, and subsequently 
opened an office in Boston, where he conducted a general law practice. 

For a number of years he was justice of the District Court for 
Western Norfolk. From 1879 to 1894 he was one of the county com- 
missioners of Norfolk County, being chairman of the board from 
1885 to 1894, and he served the town of Franklin as selectman, 
assessor, moderator of the town meetings, and member of the School 
Committee, of which he was chairman at the time of his death. He 
was connected at various times with many pubUc and financial 
institutions in Franklin, being a trustee of Dean Academy, clerk of 
the Board of Directors of the Ray Memorial Library, vice president 
of the Benjamin Franklin Savings Bank and of the Dean Cooperative 


Bank, a director and clerk of the Milford, Franklin & Providence 
and of the Rhode Island & Massachusetts Railroad Companies, and 
a director of the Norfolk Mutual Fire Insurance Company. For a 
number of years also he was president of the Massachusetts Fish and 
I Game Protective Association. 

I He attained high standing in Masonic fraternities, and in his 

I political aflfihations he was a stanch Republican. 

I . He was a member of the Coimcil of the New England Historic 

I Genealogical Society in the years 1907 and 1908, and at the time of 

; his death was serving on the Society's Committee on Ways and 

I Means, to which he had been appointed for the year 1921 and again 

j for the year 1922. 

j In recording his death the local newspaper said: 

' "Few men in town will be more distinctly missed than Judge Wiggin, so 

closely has he been identified with the interests of the town for nearly a half 
century, during which time he has won and held the respect of all for his 
devotion to duty and his desire to furtber the interest of his adopted town." 

He married first, at Exeter, N. H., in July 1868, Mary A. Warren, 
who died in July 1873; and secondly, at Stoneham, Mass., in Novem- 
ber 1877, Mary A. Bryant, formerly a preceptress in Goddard Semi- 
nary, Barre, Vt., and also in Dean Academy, Franklin, who, with 
their daughter, Alice Wiggin of Franklin, survives him. 

I Mrs. Mart Elisabeth (Newcomb) Addison, of Quincy, Mass., 

I a life member since 1909, was bom at Quincy 30 May 1852, the 

f daughter of Bryant Barter and Caroline Baxter (Crane) Newcomb, 

t and died there 9 April 1922. 

I She traced her descent from Francis^ Newcomb, who came to 

I New England in the Planter in 1635, aged 30, with his wife Rachel 

r and two children, settled in Braintree, Mass., and died 27 May 

I 1692, through John,^ John,^ Isaac,* Thomas,^ Bryant,^ James,^ and 

1 Bryant Barter,* her father, who was born in a part of Braintree 

I which is now included in Quincy 11 March 1810 and died in 1857. 

: Her mother, Caroline Baxter Crane, who was born in a part of 

Braintree which is now included in Quincy 23 December 1811, was 

a daughter of Thomas and Sarah (Baxter) Crane and was fifth in 

descent from Henry^ Crane, who as early as 1654 was settled in that 

part of Dorchester, Mass., which was incorporated in 1662 as the 

town of Milton, and who died at Milton in 1709. 

She attended the Washington Grammar School at Quincy and 
continued her studies imder private teachers. Her father had died 
when she was a little child, and her mother was burdened with the 
care and support of a family of nine children. Faced, as she grew 
up, with the necessity of making her own way in the world, she 
finally decided to adopt nursing as a calling, and took courses in the 
Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, and the Springfield City 
Hospital, which enabled her to join the ranks of trained nurses, a 
profession which she followed most successfiiUy for twenty years. 

After her marriage a large part of her time was given to philan- 
thropic and charitable work. In 1899 she organized, supported, and 


maintamed a society for little folks from ten to thirteen years of 
age, numbering twenty-five, for the purpose of developing within 
them habits of industry, as applied to home life. This she continued 
for four years, until 1903, when she was elected the first president of 
the Quincy Day Nursery Association. This position she resigned 
in 1908, leaving this philanthropic organization on a solid basis 
and being elected its vice president and chairman of its Board of 
Visitors. She was also an active member of the Quincy Tuberculosis 
Society, of which she was a director, the Quincy Charitable Society, 
Incorporated, of which she was secretary, the Quincy Historical 
Society, the Circle of the King's Daughters, the Florence Crittenton 
League of Compassion, and the Women's Educational and Industrial 
Union of Boston. 

Mrs. Addison was prominent in the affairs of the Universalist 
Church up to the time of her illness, and was highly esteemed by all 
who knew her. 

She was married, 22 November 1898, to Thomas Alfred Addison, 
bom at Wolverhampton, co. Stafford, England, 6 January 1849, 
son of John and Mary (Waldron) Addison, who survives her. They 
had no children. 

Herbert Wood Kimball, of Newton, Mass., a resident member 
since 1912, was born in Boston 3 March 1840, the sixth child of 
Daniel and Louisa (Keith) Kimball, and died at Newton 10 April 

He was a descendant of Richard^ Kimball of Rattlesden, co. Suf- 
folk, England, wheelwright, who, with his wife Ursula, daughter of 
Henry and Martha Scott of Rattlesden, and seven children, came to 
Boston from Ipswich, England, in the Elizabeth, in 1634. He settled 
first at Watertown, Mass., where he was freeman in 1635, and about 
1638 removed to Ipswich, Mass., where he died 22 Jime 1675, aged 
above 80 years. From hhn Herbert Wood KimbaU was descended 
through John^ of Ipswich, who married Mary Bradstreet, Richard' 
of Ipswich, who married Lydia Wells, Richard,* who married Sarah 
Burley and moved to Norwich and later to Windham, Conn., Capt. 
Aaron,^ who settled at Grafton, Mass., married Mary Brooks, and 
served ia the French and Indian War and in the Revolution, Leonard,* 
who married Patty Baird of Worcester, Mass., and DanieF of Boston, 
his father, who was born at Grafton, Mass., 31 October 1794 and 
died at Hingham, Mass., 21 June 1874, and was a life member of 
the New England Historic Genealogical Society from 1870 until his 
death.* Through his mother, Louisa Keith, daughter of Royal and 
Deborah (Adams) Keith, who was born at Grafton 15 June 1801, was 
married to Daniel Kimball 28 September 1825, and died 20 January 
1870, he traced his descent from Rev. James^ Keith, who came to 
America from Scotland in 1661, married Susanna Edson, and was 
the first minister of Bridgewater, Mass., through James,^ who 
married Mary Thayer of Weymouth, Mass., in 1695 and removed 

*Cf. memoir of Daniel KimbaU in "Memorial Biographies of the New-England Historic Gene- 
alogical Society," vol. 7, pp. 105-107, and Morrison and Sharples's "History of the Kimball 
Family in America," 2 vols., Boston, 1897. 


to Mendon, Mass., in 1713, Simeon,^ who married Abigail Aldrich 
of Mendon, Simeon,^ who married Rebecca Leland of Grafton and 
died in 1776, while serving in the Revolutionary Army, and Royal^ 
of Grafton, who married Deborah Adams of Northbridge, Mass. 

He was educated at the Brookfield Family School and in the public 
and private schools of Boston and became a clerk in the store of 
Frederick Jones & Company, where he remained imtil 1861, when 
he made a voyage to London on a sailing vessel. On his return the 
following year he removed to Fitchburg, where he was a part owner 
of the Fitchburg Woolen Mill Company. Four years later he returned 
to Boston, and in 1869 entered into partnership with Joseph C. 
Bates in the flour and grain business, imder the firm name of Kimball 
& Bates. Upon the dissolution of this partnership in 1882, Mr. 
KimbaU became an accoimtant. To his work in this vocation he 
added in 1894 the duties of secretary and registrar of the Massa- 
chusetts Society of the Sons of the American Revolution, which he 
performed with great fidelity for a period of twenty-six years. His 
long-contkiued service in that society kept him in touch with other 
State societies and with hundreds of members, and won for him 
their affectionate regard. 

Mr. KimbaU was also an enthusiastic member of the Old School 
Boys' Association of Boston, a charter member of the Everett Liter- 
ary Association, organized by young men clerks who were employed 
in Boston, a life member of the Young Men's Christian Union, and a 
member of the Bostonian Society and the Bunker Hill Monument 

In 1875 he took up his residence in Roxbury, in 1890 he moved 
to Jamaica Plain, and in 1896 he moved again to the Waban district 
of Newton, where he built the house which was thenceforth his 

He married, 22 October 1868, Abby Rice Brown Kimball of 
Lunenburg, Mass., daughter of Phineas Sawyer and El\'ira Evelina 
! (Brown) KimbaU and a descendant also of Richard^ KimbaU, through 

i Thomas^ of Rowley, Mass., who was kiUed by the Indians in 1676, 

j Thomas^ of Bradford, Mass., Ephraim* of Bradford, Ephraim^ of 

j Lunenburg, Ephraim® of Fitchburg, Ephraim^ of Fitchburg, and 

Phineas Sawyer^ of Lunenburg, her father. His wife survived him, 
together with two daughters and two sons, Evelyn Louisa, wife of 
Harold Anthony Richmond of Providence, R. I., S.B. (Massachusetts 
Institute of Technology, 1893), and Kathrina Prescott Kimball, 
Herbert Sawyer Kimball, S.B. (Massachusetts Institute of Tech- 
nology, 1891), and Richard Davenport KimbaU, aU three of Newton. 

Nathan Warren, of Waltham, Mass., a resident member since 
1903, was born at Waltham 11 February 1838, the son of Nehemiah 
and SaUy (Wyman) Warren, and died there 11 AprU 1922. 

He traced his descent from John^ Warren of Waterto^vn, Mass., 
who, with his wife and four children, came to New England, probably 
in 1630, and died 13 December 1667, aged 82,* through Damel,^ 

•For the English home and ancestry of John Warren of Watertown see Registek, toL 64, 
pp. 348-355. 



John,3 John,* Elisha,* Nathan^ of Weston, Mass., and Nehemiah,^ 
his father, who was born at Weston 8 September 1796. His mother, 
Sally Wyman, born at Woburn, Mass., 21 November 1794, was 
daughter of Benjamin and Hannah (Boynton) Wyman. 

The patriotic record of this family is distinctly remarkable. DanieP 
Warren of Watertown, from whom the subject of this memoir was 
sixth in descent, served in Capt. Nathaniel Davenport's company 
in the Great Swamp Fight of 19 December 1675 and also in the 
Sudbury Fight of 1676. His grandfather, for whom he was named, 
enlisted in 1776, when a lad of but fifteen years, and rendered service 
for three years in the Revolutionary War as a private in the regi- 
ments of Colonels Dike, Brooks, and Howe. His father, Nehemiah 
Warren, was a private in the War of 1812 imder Major Jaques, in 
Lieut. Col. Jonathan Page's detached regiment. He himself served 
in the Civil War as corporal in Co. G, Forty-fifth Regiment of In- 
fantry, Massachusetts Volunteer MUitia; and his son Richard saw 
service in France during the World War as captain of the Twentieth 
Forestry Engineers, American Expeditionary Forces. 

Mr. Warren received his early education in the public schools of 
Waltham, and, after graduating from the high school in 1855, although 
he was prepared for admission to Harvard College, entered commercial 
life in Boston as clerk in a wholesale dry-goods house. But the call 
of his imperilled coimtry led him to enlist, 26 September 1862, in the 
Forty-fifth Massachusetts Infantry, for a term of nine months, in 
which he saw service in North Carolina and at the expiration of 
which he was honorably discharged. In 1864 he was again in the 
service, and was stationed at New Orleans, in the Department of 
the Giilf, acting as deputy provost marshal of one of the parishes; 
and a year later he held a position in the War Department in Wash- 

In 1866 and the years immediately following Mr. Warren was 
employed by a shipping house in Boston as a supercargo, one of the 
very last to hold such a position, and sailed to the West Indies, the 
Cape Verde Islands, and the west coast of Africa. In 1873, when 
the Yellowstone Park expedition, accompanied by General Custer's 
Cavalry regiment, crossed the plains of the great Northwest, in 
advance of the line of survey of the Northern Pacific Railroad, Mr. 
Warren was a member of the party. In 1878 he made a trip to 
Europe. For nearly forty years he was connected with the life- 
insurance business, his service as the leading representative in Boston 
of the Equitable Life Assurance Society of the United States dating 
back to a time prior to the erection of that company's building in 
this city, the demolition of which was singularly coincident with 
his death. In 1893 he was president of the Boston Life Underwriters' 

A Repubhcan in politics, he was at one time active in the work 
of his party, serving as a member of the Republican State Committee 
and representing Waltham in the Legislature in 1880 and 1881, 
where he was chairman of the Insm-ance Committee when construc- 
tive legislation in both life and fire insurance was enacted. 

For more than twenty-five years Mr. Warren was president of 


the Board of Trustees of the Waltham Public Library, and the 
present imposing Ubrary building was erected while he was serving 
as a trustee. He was for some years a member of the Park Com- 
mission of Waltham, and up to the time of his death was vice presi- 
dent of the Waltham Savings Bank and a member of its investment 
committee. He was also prominent in the Waltham Historical 
Society, of which he had been president, and he was a contributor 
of historical pap>ers to various publications, being the author of a 
history of Waltham in the "History of Middlesex Coxmty," com- 
piled by D. H. Hurd, 1890, and a "History of Insurance in Massa- 
chusetts," published in 1897 by D. H. Hurd in his "New England 
States." He was also the joint author of an address at the sesquicen- 
tennial celebration, in 1888, of the incorporation of Waltham as a 

Mr. Warren was a member of the Society of Colonial Wars in 
the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, and took a prominent part 
in the affairs of the Sons of the American Revolution, serving for a 
time as treasurer of the National Society, while in 1892-1894 he 
was registrar, in later years a member of the Board of Managers, 
and in 1910-11 president of the Massachusetts Society of this organ- 
ization. He was also a member of the Masonic fraternity. 

Mr. Warren's long service and prominence in life-insurance circles, 
together with his many pubhc-spirited activities, made him well 
known throughout the State, and his sterling character attached to 
him a very wide circle of devoted friends. He was a sturdy New 
Englander, a man who commanded the respect of all who were 
I capable of appreciating the best type of Christian manhood. 

I He married, 18 January 1883, Charlotte Elizabeth Bacon of Spring- 

t field, Mass., daughter of Francis B. and Charlotte (Hare) Bacon, 

I who survives him, together with two children, Richard Warren of 

I Waltham, A.B. (Harvard, 1910), and Margaret, wife of Edwin 

! Chester Towne of Waltham. 

i Richard Middlecott Saltonstall, A.B., of Chestnut HUl, 

? Mass., elected a resident member in 1891 and made a life member 

in 1912, was bom at Chestnut Hill 28 October 1859, the son of L^verett 

\ and Rose Smith (Lee) Saltonstall, and died at Brookline, Mass., 

I 17 AprQ 1922. 

! He was a descendant of Sir Richard^ Saltonstall of Watertown, 

• Mass., who in the royal charter of the Massachusetts Bay Company 

I was the first-named of the eighteen assistants, made his first voyage 

j to New England in 1630 in the fleet with Winthrop, and, with Lord 

i Say and Seal, Lord Brooke, and others, was an original patentee of 

Connecticut, through Richard^ of Ipswich, Mass., Nathaniel,^ A.B. 

: (Harvard, 1659), Richard," A.B. (Harvard, 1695), A.M. {ib., 1698), 

> Judge Richard,^ A.B. (Harvard, 1722), A.M. (ib., 1725), Nathaniel,^ 

I A.B. (Harvard, 1766), A.M. {ib., 1769), Hon. Leverett,^ M.C., of 

I Salem, Mass., A.B. (Harvard and Yale, 1802), A.M. (Harvard, 

i 1805, and Bowdoin, 1806), LL.D. (Harvard, 1838), and Leverett,* 

I of Chestnut Hill, A.B. (Harvard, 1844), A.M. and LL.B. {ib., 1847), 

\ his father, who was bom at Salem 16 March 1825 and died at Newton 

MEMOIRS Ixxxiii 

15 April 1895, and was collector of the port of Boston, 1885-1890, 
and a resident member of the New England Historic Genealogical 
Society from 1856 until his death.* His mother. Rose Smith Lee, 
was born at Salem 24 January 1835, the daughter of John Clarke 
Lee, A.B. (Harvard, 1842, as of 1823), A.M. {ib., 1842), and his wife, 
Harriet Paine (Rose) Lee,t and was married to Leverett* Saltonstall 
19 October 1854. 

He was prepared for college in the well-known private school of 
the late George Washington Copp Noble, A.B. (Harvard, 1858), 
A.M. (ib., 1863), entered Harvard, and received there the degree of 
Bachelor of Arts cum laude with the Class of 1880, which nmnbered 
among its members Theodore Roosevelt, Robert Bacon, Josiah 
Quincy, Charles GrenfiU Washburn, William Alexander Gaston, and 
Albert Bushnell Hart. After studjong for two years in the Harvard 
Law School and later in the office of Hon. William Caleb Loring, 
A.B. (Harvard, 1872), LL.B. (ib., 1874), A.M. {ib., 1875), LL.D. 
{ib., 1901), afterwards a justice of the Supreme Judicial Court of 
Massachusetts and since 1898 a life member of the New England 
Historic Genealogical Society, he was admitted in January 1884 to 
the Massachusetts bar and in 1891 to practice in the United States 
Circuit Court. 

From 1884 to 1890 he was connected with the law department of 
the old New York & New England RaUroad Company, being general 
soUcitor of the company in the last three or four years of this period, 
and from the beginning of 1891 xmtil November 1899 he was engaged 
in the general practice of the law in Boston on his own account. 
On 1 November 1899 he became a member of the law firm of Gaston, 
Snow & SaltonstaU, later known as Gaston, Snow, SaltonstaU & 
Hunt, with which he retained his connection vmtil his death. In his 
profession Mr. Saltonstall enjoyed a very high standing in Boston 
and also in other cities, and was frequently called for consultation 
to Washington, New York, and other places. 

Pleasure rarely lured him from his work, but in 1885, 1896, 1912, 
and 1914 he travelled abroad. His summers were spent for the most 
part on his country estate at North Haven, Me., though he gave much 
attention to his large farm at Sherborn on the Charles River. The 
spring and fall seasons were spent at his Chestnut Hill home and the 
winter months at his city residence, 99 Bay State Road, Boston. 

On Mr. SaltonstaU devolved the task of publishing, for private 
distribution among the members of his family, the genealogy of the 
Saltonstalls, which had been prepared with infinite care and pains 
by his father and which the son brought out in 1897. The work is 
of great value to students of historic families and is strongly indic- 
ative of the character of the compiler, forceful, convincing, and 

Mr. SaltonstaU held membership in a variety of organizations. 
They included the Somerset, the Union, the Country, the Exchange, 
the Norfolk Hunt, and the North Haven Golf Clubs, the New Riding 

♦Cf. memoir of Leverett Saltonstall in Register, vol. 49, pp. 351-352, and in "Memorial 
Biographies of the New England Historic Genealogical Society," vol. 9, pp. 253-254. 

tCf. " The Lee Family," by Thomas Amory Lee, A.M., LL.B., in Register, vol. 76, pp. 
197-223 (July 1922). 


Club, of which he was treasurer, the Curtis Club, the Harvard Club 
of Boston and New York, the Massachusetts Horticultural Society, 
of which he was president at one time, the Massachusetts Society 
for Promoting Agriculture, in which he held the double post of 
treasurer and trustee, the Bar Association of the City of Boston, and 
the Colonial Society of Massachusetts. 

He married, 17 October 1891, Eleanor Brooks, daughter of Peter 
Chardon, A.M., and Sarah (Lawrence) Brooks* of Medford, Mass., 
who survives him,t together with three children, Leverett Saltonstall 
of Chestnut Hill, A.B. (Harvard, 1914), LL.B. (i&., 1917), who served 
in France in the World War as a first lieutenant of Field Artillery, 
American Expeditionary Forces, Muriel Gvu-don Saltonstall of 
Chestnut Hill, and Richard Saltonstall of Boston. A.B. (Harvard, 
1920, war degree), who in the World War attained the rank of ensign 
in the United States Naval Reserve and was assigned to duty in the 
transport service. These two sons represented the eighth generation, 
in imbroken succession from father to son, of the Saltonstall family 
at Harvard. Another daughter, Eleanor Saltonstall, served in France 
in the World War imder the American Red Cross, was attached later 
to a field hospital imit, and was awarded the croix de guerre with 
star. She died of typhoid fever at Portland, Oreg., 2 August 1919. 
Of Mr. Saltonstall's five brothers and sisters two survived him, 
namely, INIary Elizabeth Saltonstall, who married first Louis Agassiz 
Shaw, A.B. (Harvard, 1884), who died 2 July 1891, and secondly 
John SUsbee Curtis of Boston and Beverly Farms, and Endicott 
Peabody Saltonstall of Chestnut Hill, A.B. (Harvard, 1894), LL.B. 
1 (ib., 1897), who was appointed by the Governor of the Commonwealth 

! in 1921 district attorney for the Northern District of Massachusetts 

\ and died at Chestnut Hill 19 December 1922, a short time before 

\ the expiration of his official term.^ 

George Sawin Stewart, B.A., of Watertown, Mass., a resident 
member since 1898, was born at Newton, Mass., 30 March 1870, the 
son of John Brigham and Nancy Abigail (Parker) Stewart, and died 
at Watertown 17 April 1922. 

He traced his ancestry from Duncan^ Steward of Ipswich, New- 
bury, and Rowley, Mass., through James^ Steward, Solomon' Steward, 
Daniel* Steward, Amherst^ Steward, Thomas Carlisle® Stewart, and 
John Brigham^ Stewart, his father. Among his ancestors also were 
Carlisles, Moreys, Cobbs, HUdreths, and members of other early 
New England families. 

He was prepared for college at the Newton High School, entered 
Amherst College, and received there in 1891 the degree of Bachelor 
of Arts cum laude. His first business position was a clerkship with 
the firm of Estes & Lauriat, booksellers, of Boston. Here, however, 
he remained less than a year, and then he accepted a position with 
M. S. Ayer & Company, first as clerk and later as salesman. 

*For the ancestry of Peter Chardon Brooks see memoir of his brother, Shepherd Broosa, A. 2>1., 
supra, p. Ixv. 

tMrs. Saltonstall is a resident member of the New England Eistorio Genealogical Society, 
having been elected 3 April 1923. 


Ever studious and fond of delving into history and genealogy, Mr. 

I Stewart abandoned mercantile busmess in 1911 to follow genealogy 

I as a profession. His careful, painstaking work won recognition 

I among his associates, and in 1921 he was elected secretary and 

I registrar of the Massachusetts Society of the Sons of the American 

I Revolution, a position which he was amply qualified to fill. 

{ He had prepared voluminous and valuable genealogies which he 

I had not published. They included the "Steward, Stewart, Stuart 

i Family, Descendants of Duncan Steward," "Descendants of David 

i Carlisle of Lunenburg," " Descendants of Isaac and Bridget (Fletcher) 

I Parker," "Descendants of John Cobb of Taunton," "Descendants 

' of Alexander Steward of Marlborough," and "Early Generations of 

New England Stewarts." 

He married, 31 March 1897, Mary Alice Heckman, daughter of 
John Franklin and Wilheim Anna (Currier) Heckman, who survives 
him, together with four children, Margaret, John Heckman, IVIarion, 
and Edward Amherst Stewart. Another child, Katharine, died at 
the age of two years. 

I William Fitzhale Abbot, A.B., of Worcester, Mass., a life mem- 

I ber since 1905, was bom in Boston 27 April 1853, the son of Joseph 

f Hale and Fanny Ellingwood (Larcom) Abbot, and died at Worcester 

f 21 April 1922. 

* He was a descendant of George^ Abbot, who came from York- 

1 shire, England, about 1640, and settled in Andover, Mass., through 

] Dea. John,'^Dea. John,' Capt. John,* aU of Andover, Maj. AbieP of 

Wilton, N. H., Capt. Ezra® of Wilton, and Joseph Hale,^ his father, 

1 A.B. (Bowdoin, 1822), A.M. {ib., 1827), who was born at Wilton, 

! N. H., 25 September 1802 and died at Cambridge, Mass., 7 April 

] 1873. His grandfather, Capt. Ezra* Abbot (1772-1847), the first 

I manufacturer of potato starch, married Rebecca Hale, daughter of 

I Lieut. Joseph and Rebecca (Harris) Hale and niece of Capt. Nathan 

\ . Hale, the Revolutionary patriot. His mother, who was born at 

' Beverly, Mass., 14 June 1807 and died 26 June 1883, was the daughter 

\ of Capt. Henry and Fanny (Ellingwood) Larcom and was married 

to Joseph Hale Abbot at Beveriy, 13 May 1830. 

His father, who made teaching his life work, was a tutor in modem 
languages and librarian at Bowdoin College, 1825-1827, professor of 
mathematics at Phillips Academy, Exeter, N. H., 1827-1833, and 
taught in Boston, 1833-1855 and 1857-1860, where for many j^ears 
he conducted a private school for girls, and in Beverly, 1861-1867. 
He was a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 
and spent the last years of his life in literary work in Boston. 

William Fitzhale Abbot received his early education at home, from 
his father, until he was fifteen years old, when he entered the Cam- 
bridge High School (September 1868). He was graduated there in 
; 1870, was admitted to Harvard in the same year, and in 1874 received 

'" from Harvard the degree of Bachelor of Arts cum laude, with final 

1 honors in classics. 

f He followed the profession of his father, and in September 1874 

became an assistant in the private school for boys conducted in Bos- 


ton by George Washington Copp Noble, A.B. (Harvard, 1858), A.M. 
(ib., 1863). HI health caused him to withdraw from this school in 
January 1876; but a year later he was able to resume teaching, and 
in partnership with Ins college classmate, Theodore Lovett SewaU, 
A.B. (Harvard, 1874), LL.B. (ib., 1876), whose sister he afterwards 
married, he conducted the Indianapolis (Ind.) Classical School for 
Boys until the summer of 1880. In September of that year he became 
teacher of Greek and Latin in the college preparatory department of 
the Worcester High School, in 1890 was made head of the classical 
department there, and continued in that position until his death. 

Mr. Abbot was president of the New England Classical Teachers' 
Association, and a member of the American Philological Association, 
the Worcester Society of Antiquity, the Massachusetts Society of 
Sons of the Revolution, the Massachusetts Reform Club, the Twen- 
tieth Century Club, and various teachers' organizations and local 

He married at Milwaukee, Wis., 28 December 1882, Caroline Ward 
Sewall, daughter of Edmund Quincy SewaU, A.B. (Harvard, 1847), 
A.M. (ib., 1850), and his wife, Louisa KUham (Lovett). Mrs. Abbot 
survives her husband, together with four children, Edmund Quincy 
Abbot of Worcester, A.B. (Harvard, 1906), Hale Wellington Abbot 
of Boston, Miriam Abbot of Worcester, A.B. (Vassar, 1912), and 
Theodore Sewall Abbot of Worcester. Another child, Larcom, twin 
brother of Hale Wellington Abbot, died a few days after he was bom. 
Two brothers also survive Mr. Abbot, namely, Edwin Hale Abbot of 
Cambridge, A.B. (Harvard, 1855), A.M. {ib., 1858), LL.B. (ib., 
1861), a retired lawyer, who practised his profession for many years 
in Boston and was afterwards prominent in the management and 
financing of the Wisconsin Central Railroad, and Brig. Gen. Henry 
Larcom Abbot, U. S. A., Retired, LL.D. (Harvard, 1886), a veteran 
of the Civil War, who also Uves in Cambridge. Another brother, 
Francis EUingwood Abbot, A.B. (Harvard, 1859), Ph.D. and A.M. 
{ib., 1881), was a well-known minister, teacher, and writer on philo- 
sophical and religious topics, an exponent of radical doctrines in 
religion, and a life member of the New England Historic Genealogical 
Society from 1892 until his death in 1903.* 

Hon. William Henry Harrison Stowell, of Amherst, Mass., a 
life member since 1912, was born at Windsor, Vt., 26 July 1840, the 
son of Sylvester and Fanny Chandler (Bowen) Stowell, and died at 
Amherst 27 April 1922. 

His earliest New England ancestor of the Stowell name was Samuel^ 
Stowell of Hingham, Mass., 1649, from whom he was descended 
through IsraeP of Hingham, Isaac,^ Jacob^ of Dedham, Mass., JoeP 
of Windsor, Vt., and Sylvester,^ his father, who was bom at Windsor 
12 April 1808 and died at Needham, Mass., 24 January 1888. His 
mother, Fanny Chandler Bowen, daughter of Elisha and Fanny 
(Morris) Bowen, was born at Wilbraham, Mass., 21 January' 1810, 
and died at Needham 3 November 1893. She was married to Svlves- 
ter Stowell at Reading, Vt., 16 May 1833. 

*Cf. memoir of Francis EUingwood Abbot, in Register, vol. 5S, p. c\\. 

MEMOIRS Ixxxvii 

In his youth Mr. Stowell attended the Boston public schools, 
among them the weU-known Quincy and Phillips Grammar Schools 
and the English High School, and was graduated from the High 
School in 1858. In the same year he entered the business world as 
clerk in the oflBce of C. 0. Whitmore and Sons of Boston, shipowners, 
who were engaged in the East India trade and later in the refining 
of sugar; and from 1861 to 1865 he was chief clerk in the Union 
Sugar Refinery. Charles Octavius Whitmore was a member and 
stanch friend of the New England Historic Genealogical Society, 
and William Henry Whitmore, with whom Mr. Stowell was daily 
associated, was an early member of the Society and one of the best 
known and most highly esteemed genealogists in England and America. 
It was in remembrance of these circumstances that Mr. Stowell a 
half century later selected Ufe membership as his form of membership 
in the Society whose weKare they had so much at heart. 

In April 1865, in the closing days of the Civil War, Mr. Stowell 
went to Virginia, in search of health, and bought a cotton plantation 
inBnmswick Coimty; but he soon gave up the occupation of planter 
i and became a member of the firm of West, Beardsley & Company 

I of Richmond, Va., lumber merchants, who rented the famous Libby 

\ Prison as a warehouse and imported liunber and other building 

; materials from Maine. Dining lus residence there he was appointed, 

I in 1865, United States commissioner for Virginia, was made collector 

\ of internal revenue for the Fourth District of Virginia in 1868, and 

i was elected, as a RepubUcan, a member of the Forty-second, Forty- 

I third, and Forty-fourth Congresses (1871-1877) from the Fourth 

1 Congressional District of that State. He served as chairman of the 

I Republican State Committee of Virginia in 1872, the only year in 

i which the State was carried by the Republicans, and as delegate at 

i large and chairman of the Virginia delegation to the Republican 

I national convention at Cincinnati in 1876. 

I From Virginia Mr. Stowell migrated to the West, where he founded 

I the Fox River Pulp Company of Appleton, Wis., in 1877, and the 

> Atlas Paper Company in the same place in 1878, serving as secretary 

and treasurer of both organizations. Some ten years later he made 

his home in Duluth, Minn., where he became interested in and was 

' secretary and treasurer of the Duluth Iron & Steel Company, 1889, 

and built at Diiluth the first blast furnace west of Chicago. Later 

he added banking to his interests, and acted as president of the 

Manufacturers' Bank, West Duluth, from 1889 to 1895. In 1896 

he retired from active business. 

Mr. StoweU's distinguished public services as well as his social and 
business connections secured him a wide acquaintance among promi- 
nent men, including statesmen, financiers, and Uterary persons, in 
New York City, Paris, New England, and the South and West. He 
[ himseK wrote many articles for the public press, among which may be 

mentioned "The Separation of the Church and State in France," 
Paris, 1907, which appeared first in the St. Paul Dispatch, "The 
Results of Our Mexican Policy," 1915, "What America Thinks, a 
Reminiscence of Gen. Garibaldi," 1916, and "Letters and Talks 
with Sir Edward Carson," 1916. He was also deeply interested in 


genealogical researches during the later years of his life, and con- 
tributed to volume 71 of the Register (1917) articles on the de- 
scendants of the two brothers, Samuel and Jonathan Hyde of Newton, 
Mass. The completed manuscript of his "Stowell Genealogy" was 
published in 1922, after his death, and makes a volume of 980 pages. 

He was an Episcopalian, and held membership in the Minnesota 
Historical Society, the Order of Foimders and Patriots of America, 
the Society of Colonial Wars, the Society of Sons of the American 
Revolution, the American Red Cross, the Amherst Club of Business 
Men, and the Amherst Golf Club. 

He married at St. Paul, Minn., 13 November 1873, Emma Clara 
Averill, daughter of Gen. John Thomas and Hannah Elizabeth 
(Atkinson) Averill of St. Paul. Mrs. Stowell was born at Winthrop, 
Me., 16 October 1852, and died in New York City 28 September 1911. 
A son, William Avenll Stowell, of Amherst, A.B. (Princeton, 1904), 
Ph.D. (Johns Hopkins, 1908), who was professor of Romance lan- 
guages at Amherst College, 1910-1920, survives his parents. 

Mrs. Ann Jane (Felton) Ward, of Roxbury, Mass., a resident 
member since 1912, was bom at Barre, Mass., 25 July 1840, the 
daughter of Benjamin and Ruth Miranda (Johnson) Felton, and 
died at Roxbury 8 May 1922. 

She was a descendant of Nathaniel^ Felton, of Salem, 1633, who 
married Mary, daughter of Rev. Samuel Skelton of Salem, through 
Nathaniel,* Skelton,' Joseph,* Skelton,* and Capt. Benjamin' of 
Barre, her father. 

She received her education in public and private schools at Barre, 
and in the high school at Athol, Mass. For a year after her gradua- 
tion, 1858-59, she taught school at Orange, Mass. 

She was closely identified with religious activities as a member of 
the old Immanuel Congregational Chiirch of Roxbury, electing 
especially work for foreign missions. She had lived in the same house 
(37 Winthrop Street) in Roxbury for more than fifty years. 

She was married, 2 August 1860, as his second wife, to Francis 
Jackson Ward of Roxbury, only son of Nahum and Susan (Gumey) 
Ward and a resident member of this Society from 1897 until his death 
on 14 January 1912.* A daughter, Mrs. William Alfred Paine (Ruth 
Felton Ward) of Boston, and five grandchildren, Francis Ward 
Paine, Mrs. John Henry Blodgett (Ruth Sargent Paine), Mrs. Morris 
Felton La Croix (Esther Himaphrey Paine), Stephen Paine, and 
Dorothy Bowen Paine, survive her. A second daughter, Esther 
Hmnphrey Ward, died in London 14 June 1892, in her 23d year. 

Mrs. Eleanor Tracy (Eustis) Pattee, of Brookline, Mass., a 
life member since 1911, was bom in Boston 22 March 1851, the 
daughter of WiUiam Tracy and Martha Gilbert (Dutton) Eustis, 
and died at Coronado, Calif., 20 May 1922. 

She was descended from WilUam^ Eustis of Rumney Marsh 
(now Chelsea), Mass., of whom the earliest record in New England 
is that of the birth of his son John in 1659, through William^ of 

♦Cf. memoir of Francis Jackson Ward, in REaiSTEB, vol. 67, p. 1. 


Chelsea, Joseph,' Joseph* of Boston, William Beers,* Joseph,* who 
married at Newburyport, Mass., 2 October 1820, Eleanor St. Barbe 
Tracy, and William Tracy® her father, who was bom in Boston 29 
September 1822, married, 3 October 1849, Martha Gilbert Button 
of Boston, daughter of Henry Worthington and Arm Eliza Bradlee 
(Spear) Button, and died at Brookline 11 October 1906. After an 
I active business career of almost half a century William Tracy Eustis 

1 devoted the later years of his life to genealogical research, especially 

I in the records of the Eustis and Button families. He was a resident 

? member of the New England Historic Genealogical Society from 1886 

I imtU his death, and gave to the Society zealoiis and faithful service 

! as a member of important committees and as Councillor for the years 

1893-1898 and 1903-1905.* 

Eleanor Tracy Eustis was educated at private schools in Boston, 

and was married, 3 October 1872, to Frank Hargrave Pattee. They 

resided in Boston imtil 1883, when they moved to California, where 

Mr. Pattee was treasurer of the Southern California Railroad, which 

I was later merged in the Santa F6 system. Mr. Pattee died at Los 

I Angeles in 1893, and Mrs. Pattee then returned to the East. She 

i spent much time at Brookline and at Castine, Me., where the Eustis 

I family has a summer home, and she traveled extensively both in 

f America and abroad. She and her sister, EUzabeth Mussey Eustis, 

i were passengers in the spring of 1912 on White Star steamship 

I Titanic, and narrowly escaped the fate which overtook so many of 

• their fellow passengers when the ill-fated vessel went down amidst 

the icebergs of the North Atlantic. Buring the later years of her 

•• life Mrs. Pattee spent the winters in Southern California. 

1 A daughter, Mrs. Harold Ahlquist of Painesville, Ohio, survives 

Mrs. Pattee, and also three sisters and two brothers, Henry Button 

I Eustis, Elizabeth Mussey Eustis, and Mary St. Barbe Eustis, all 

three of Brookline and all also Pilgrim Tercentenary members of the 

; New England Historic Genealogical Society, and Mrs. Walter 

■ Briant Stephenson (Martha Eustis) of Haverford, Pa., and Joseph 

Tracy Eustis of Brookline, both life members of the Society. AH 

these sisters and brothers were generous contributors to the building 

fund of the Society in 1911, and in recognition of their helpful interest 

in the work of the Society and their father's untiring fidelity in its 

service the Treasurer's office in the Society's house at 9 Ashburton 

Place, Boston, has been named the William Tracy Eustis Memorial 


Mrs. Ella Florence (Hoyt) Flickinger, of Little Rock, Ark., 
a resident member since 1915, was bom at Brandon, Oakland Co., 
Mich., 18 August 1861, the daughter of George Willis and Ella Groat 
(Polhemus) Hoyt, and died at her home at Little Rock 24 June 1922. 

Her father had migrated to Michigan from New York, and his 
daughter received her education at the St. Charles High School, Sag- 
^ inaw Co., Mich. 

•Cf. memoir of William Tracy Eustis in Register, vol 61. pp. 219-221, where also may be 
, found information about the St. Barbe and other families allied to the Eustises, and see the 

\ Eustis genealogy published in Registee, voL 32, pp. 204-228. 


She was married at Fremont, Mich., 22 April 1880, to Louis FUck- 
inger. After her marriage she devoted her remarkable energy to 
the support of many religious, philanthropic, patriotic-historical, 
and civic movements, and at the time of her death was prominent 
for her unusual achievements in behalf of these causes. Her afl&lia- 
tions with patriotic, historical, and genealogical societies were numer- 
ous, and included National and State as well as local organizations. 
Among them may be named the Grand Council of Vice Presidents 
of the National Historical Society, of which she was a founder, the 
Order of Founders and Patriots of America, of which she had been 
State president, the Daughters of the American Revolution, of 
which she had been State recording secretary, the United States 
Daughters of 1812, of which she had been State registrar, the National 
Society of Colonial Dames of America, the Colonial Daughters of 
America, the Huguenot Society of America, the Huguenot Society of 
South Carolina, the Scions of Colonial CavaUers of America, the 
Military Society of the Frontier, and the New York Genealogical and 
Biographical Society. She had been regent of the Little Rock chapter 
of the Daughters of the American Revolution. She was appointed 
by Gov. Jefferson Davis of Arkansas as one of the honorary commis- 
sioners from Hot Springs County for the Louisiana Purchase Exposi- 
tion at St. Louis in 1903, an honor which carried with it many privi- 
leges and powers. 

Notwithstanding the exacting strain of her many duties in these 
societies, Mrs. Flickinger was equally active in church work, the 
Red Cross, and in literary, musical, educational, art, and dramatic 
societies. Since 1883 she had been a member of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church. 

Her husband, their son, Bruce Norman Flickinger, a grandson, 
Louis Speer Flickinger of Denver, Colo., a brother, Clarence Hoyt 
of South Richmond, Va., and a sister, Mrs. John W. Sheets of Saginaw, 
Mich., survive her. 

William Rockefeller, of New York City, a Pilgrim Tercen- 
tenary member since 1919, was born at Richf ord, Tioga County, N. Y., 
31 May 1841, the son of William Avery and Eliza (Davison) Rocke- 
feller, and died at North Tarrytown, N. Y., 24 June 1922. 

To the student of genealogy and heredity the pedigree of Mr. 
Rockefeller is especially interesting. Instead of an unbroken chain 
of New England ancestors descended from English forbears, it shows 
an amalgamation of various racial elements which has resulted in 
the present day in a family of stalwart, forceful, and foremost Amer- 
icans. On the paternal side his line is traced back from his father, 
William Avery^ Rockefeller, a physician and farmer, who was born 
at Granger, Columbia Co., N. Y., 13 November 1810, through God- 
frey,* who was born at Germantown, N. Y., in 1783 and married 
Lucy Avery of Great Barrington, Mass., WiUiam,' who was bom at 
Amwell, N. J., in 1750 and married his cousin, Christina Rockefeller, 
Peter,^ who was born in Germany in 1711 and came to America with 
his father, to John Peter,i who was bom near Neuwied, Germany, 
about 1682, emigrated to America in 1723^, and died at Amwell, 


N. J., about 1766. He was probably the son of Jean, who was born 
about 1634 and spelled his surname Roquefeuille or Roquefeuil, 
being evidently of French extraction, and his second wife, Elizabeth 
Margaret Remegan, whom he married about 1678. Mr. Rockefeller's 
mother, who was bom at New Brunswick, N. J., in March 1813 and 
died 28 March 1889, was married to his father at Niles, Cayuga Co. , 
N. Y., 18 February 1837, and was the daughter of John and Cynthia 
(Selover) Davison of New Brunswick and a descendant of William 
Davison, an Englishman who settled in Monmouth Co., N. J., near 
the close of the seventeenth century. Thus in a short span are found 
French, German, New Jersey, and New England strains. 

Mr. Rockefeller was educated at Owego Academy, Owego, N. Y., 
and in the public schools of Cleveland, Ohio, whither the family, 
including father and mother and two sons, William and his elder 
brother, John Davison, had removed in 1852. He began his mer- 
cantile career there in the produce business, in which he won his 
way to partnership and accumulated sufficient capital to enable him 
in 1865 to enter with his brother into the oil industry, then in its 
infancy. The establishing of a branch office in New York City led 
to his removal to that city to take charge of it. He was unquestion- 
ably the merchant of the company, assuming the responsibility of 
marketing the output of the industry. With a commanding physique, 
an active intellect, an energetic personality, a stern but just judg- 
ment, and a kindly spirit, he was beloved by all, and constituted a 
solid asset of the Standard Oil Company. He did not, however, 
confine himself so closely to the oil business as did his brother, but 
was largely interested also in railway and other enterprises, suc- 
ceeding CorneUus VanderbUt as a director of the New York Central 
Railroad, and serving as an officer or director of a large number of the 
leading transportation lines of the country, of several banks, and of 
various copper and insurance companies and public utilities. 

Although a member of the Baptist Church, he was in his later 
years, which he spent largely at his country home at North Tarry- 
town, N. Y., a regular attendant at St. Mary's Protestant Episcopal 
Church at Scarborough. 

Mr. Rockefeller was a member of the New England Society of 
New York, the New York Genealogical and Biographical Society, 
The American Fine Arts Society, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 
and the American Museum of Natural History; and his club affilia- 
tions were with the Union League, Metropolitan, Riding, New York 
Yacht, and Automobile Clubs of New York City, and the Ardsley 
(N. Y.) and Jekyl Island (Ga.) Clubs. 

He married at Fairfield, Conn., 25 May 1864, Almira Geraldine 
Goodsell, daughter of David Judson and Ellen (O'Brien) Goodsell 
of New York City and a descendant of Thomas Goodsell, a Welshman, 
who came to America in 1678. Mrs. Rockefeller was bom in New 
York City 19 March 1844 and died 17 January 1920. Of their six 
children, four survived their parents, Emma, wife of Dr. David 
Hunter McAlpin, William Goodsell, Percy Avery, and Ethel Geral- 
dine, wife of Marcellus Hartley Dodge; but William Goodsell Rocke- 
feller, who was a life member of the New England Historic Genealog- 


ical Society, outlived his father by little more than five months, 
dying 30 November 1922.* 

Cf. The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, vol. 54, pp. 124-126. 

Edward Goulburn Sinckler, F. R. C. I., of Waverley, St. Law- 
rence, Barbados, B. W. I., a corresponding member since 1913, was 
I bom at Kensington House, St. Michael's, Barbados, 19 November 

\ 1856, the eldest son of Rev. Edward Griffith and Henrietta Briggs 

I (Howard) Sinckler, and died at Waverley 30 Jime 1922. 

I Mr. Sinckler's father, who was bom at Bridgetown, St. Michael's, 

\ 16 February 1823, was vicar of St. Leonard's, Barbados; and his 

i paternal grandfather, James William Sinckler, born 26 December 

I 1789, died 20 August 1853, was a medical practitioner and held the 

! rank of captain in the First or Royal Regiment of MQitia. Mr. 

Sinckler's mother, bom at St. Philip's, Barbados, 27 July 1825, was 
the eldest daughter of William Murrell Howard, a planter and a 
member of the Colonial Legislature, and his wife, Sarah (Briggs.) 
I The Sinckler family is undoubtedly of Scotch origin, the surname 

I being a corruption of "Sinclair"; but Mr. Sinckler's great-great- 

I grandfather, James Sinckler, a planter of the parish of St. George, 

1 Barbados, who was bom in 1735 and died 23 August 1788, spelled 

I his name "Sinckler," and this spelling has been followed by most 

? of the latter's descendants. James Sinckler owned land and slaves 

I in St. George's as early as 1782, and his son James, who died 30 July 

j 1807, great-grandfather of Edward Goulburn Sinckler, also owned 

j land and slaves in that parish. 

I Mr. Sinckler was educated at a private school kept by his father. 

\ In 1874 he entered the public service of the Colony, in which he 

I continued for more than forty j'ears, beginning as a subordinate 

I clerk in the Colonial Secretary's office and advancing step by step 

t until 1883, when he became chief clerk of the Record Branch and 

I clerk of the Courts of Ordinary and Error. In 1886 he was made 

I clerk of the Legislative Coimcil, and in 1892 he was appointed a 

I justice of the peace and clerk of the Assistant Court of Appeal. 

In 1893 and subsequent years he served repeatedly as senior police 
magistrate in Bridgetown and in various country districts, some- 
times adding the duties of judge and coroner to those of magistrate. 
In 1905 he took an active part in promoting the celebration of the 
tercentenary of Barbados. In 1919 he became manager of the 
Government Savings Bank, and held this position at the time of his 

Since 1897 Mr. Sinckler has been a fellow of the Royal Colonial 
Institute. Always fond of literary pursuits, he was the author of 
several monographs pertaining to the history and antiquities of 
Barbados, collected and published in a local newspaper many of 
the legends of the island, compiled a "Handbook of Barbados," 
and occasionally composed l3rric verses. He was a member and 
honorary secretary of the Historic Sites Committee, which was 
; appointed in 1909 to inquire into the historic sites, old forts and 

i houses, and burial grounds and tombs of Barbados. He was also 

1 *Cf. memoir of William Goodsell Rockefeller, infra, p. civ. 


a member of the Masonic fraternity. He was a most interesting 
companion, and among his most intimate literary friends was the 
late Nicholas DameU Davis of British Guiana and afterwards of 
London, a well-known authority on West Indian History and a cor- 
responding member of the New England Historic Genealogical 
Society from 1888 imtil his death in 1915.* 

He married, 12 December 1883, Eva Douglas Richards, the eldest 
daughter of John Christopher Richards, a member of the Colonial 
Legislature, and his wife, Mary EUzabeth (Douglas), who was the 
\ daughter of Daniel Douglas and granddaughter of James Douglas, 

I owner of Bath Plantation, St. John's, Barbados. Mr. Sinckler's 

i wife and their only child, Eva Beatrice Sinckler, survive him. 

Mrs. Margaret (Kimball) Cummings, of Boston, a resident 
member since 1916, was born in Boston 19 October 1841, the daughter 
of Hon. Moses and Frances Lavinia Angier (Hathaway) Kimball, 
and died at Topsfield, Mass., 14 July 1922. 

She was a descendant of Richard^ and Ursula (Scott) Kimball, 
who came from Rattlesden, co. Suffolk, England, ia 1634, settled at 
I Watertown, Mass., and later removed to Ipswich, Mass., through 

}. Caleb,'* Caleb,' Capt. John,* Dea. Nathaniel,^ David,® and Moses,'' 

I her father, who was bom at Newburyport, Mass., 24 October 1809, 

I and died at Brookline, Mass., 21 February 1895. Moses Kimball, 

I in his day one of the most prominent citizens of Boston, active in 

I politics, at various times a member of the Boston city government 

\ and of the Massachusetts Legislature, and well known as the pro- 

■ prietor of the famous Boston Museum, was a resident member of 

4 the New England Historic Genealogical Society from 1878 until his 

i death and one of its generous benefactors.f 

I Mrs. Cummings was educated at private schools ia Boston imtil 

I 1855, and then entered Professor Agassiz's school at Cambridge, 

I where she remained until 1861. A period of foreign travel followed 

i her school course. 

She was married, 12 October 1869, to Charles Amos Cummings 
of Boston, architect, a graduate of the Rensselaer Polytechnic 
Institute. He was born in Boston 26 Jvme 1833, the son of Amos 
and Rebecca (Hopkins) Cummings, and died 11 August 1905. Two 
children survive her, Charles Kimball Cummings, A.B. (Harvard, 
1893), an architect of Boston, and Margaret Cummings of Topsfield, 
and also three sisters, the Misses Helen Frances, Hannah Hathaway, 
and Lulu Kimball of Brookline and Prides Crossing (Beverly), Mass. 
Miss Helen Frances KimbaU, a Pilgrim Tercentenary member and 
benefactor of the New England Historic Genealogical Society, was 
one of the first group of women who, in 1898, were elected to mem- 
bership in the Society, and has served the Society as a Councillor 
and on various committees. Miss Hannah Hathaway Kimball, a 
life member, has also been a generous donor to the Society. In 

•A memoir of Nicholas Darnell Davis'may be found in Registee, vol. 72, p. xxxii. 

tFor the life and ancestry of Moses Kimball see two memoirs, one in Reqister, vol. 49, pp. 
219-220, which has been reprinted in "Memorial Biographies of the New England Historic Gene- 
alogical Society," voL 9, pp. 239-241, and the other, by his son-in-law, Charles Amos Cummings, 
with portrait, in Register, vol. 56, pp. 335-340. 


recognition of the gifts received from these sisters and in remem- 
brance of their father's unfailing support a large room in the Society's 
house, at 9 Ashburton Place, Boston, has been named the Moses 
Kimball Memorial Room. 

Following the example of her public-spirited father, Mrs. Cum- 
mings bequeathed more than $90,000 for public purposes, including 
$20,000 to the trustees of the Boston Museum of Fine Arts, to be 
added to the fund given by her late husband, $10,000 to the New 
England Hospital for Women and Children, also in memorj' of her 
husband, $10,000 to the Children's Hospital, in memory of her 
mother, Frances (Hathaway) Kimball, $5000 each to the Aiken 
Cottages, in memory of her son, Francis Hathaway Cummings, A.B. 
(Harvard, 1895), who died in 1897, and equal sums to several edu- 
cational institutions in the South, to the Massachusetts School for 
the Bhnd, to the Massachusetts Society for the Prevention of 
Cruelty to Children, and to the First Church in Boston. Other 
bequests of an interesting nature disclosed the good judgment and 
warm-heartedness of the giver. 

Edward Judson Millspatjgh, of Utica, N. Y., a Pilgrim Ter- 
centenary member since 1920, was bom at Richmond, Staten Island, 
N. Y., 20 June 1861, the eldest son of Dr. Isaac Little and Deborah 
Barron (Mundy) Millspaugh, and died at Utica 14 July 1922. 

He traced his descent from Matheis^ Melsbag, who came to this 
country, presumably from Holland, with his wife, Anna Eva Bush, 
and at least three grown children, and settled at Walldll, Orange Co., 
N. Y., about 1730. The will of Matheis, recorded in Ulster County, 
N. Y., in 1770, is an interesting document and has been published 
by the New York Historical Society. His son Pieter^ married Susan- 
nah Comfort, and the line was continued through Adam,^ yoimgest 
son but one, who was a private in the Second Regiment, Ulster County 
Militia, during the Revolutionary War, and married Jane White. 
Their eldest son, Samuel,* served in the War of 1812, and married, 
as his second wife, Dorothy Corwin; and their youngest child, 
Isaac Little,* was the father of the subject of this memoir. Isaac 
Little Millspaugh was born near Walkill 1 February 1827, was 
graduated at the College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York 
City, and was a practising physician at Richmond, Staten Island, for 
a period of fifty-eight years. In the Civil War he served as assistant 
surgeon with the One Hundred and -Seventy-eighth New York 
Volunteers and the Thirteenth New York Cavalry. He married, 
15 June 1858, Deborah Barron Mundy of Staten Island, who was 
born 11 May 1836 and died 7 July 1890, daughter of Dr. Crowell 
and Ann (Guyon) Mvmdy and a descendant of Jacques Guyon, a 
French Huguenot of the early part of the seventeenth century. He 
died 27 August 1908, and is buried in the Moravian Cemetery at New 
Dorp, Staten Island, where also his son, the subject of this memoir, 
has been laid to rest. 

After attending the Staten Island Academy, Mr. Millspaugh 
entered business in 1877 as a clerk in a hardware store in New York 
City, at $2.00 a week. From this small beginning he advanced from 


one position to another until he became, in 1887, assistant to Mr. 
Jesse L. Eddy, then resident sales agent at Utica of the Delaware 
■■ and Hudson Canal Company. On 1 January 1890 he was promoted 

i to succeed Mr. Eddy, and five months later he foimded the' firm of 

I Millspaugh & Green, distributors of anthracite coal, with offices at 

I Utica, Syracuse, and Rochester. This firm was incorporated 31 

I May 1905 as the Millspaugh & Green Company, and Mr. Edward 

I Judson Millspaugh was a director and president of it from the time 

I of incorporation until his death. He was also director and president 

i of two other coal companies, from the time of their organization to 

j his death, and held kindred offices in a large nimiber of other busi- 

j ness enterprises. 

I In politics he was a Republican. In religion he was an Episco- 

paUan, although he was trustee of the Westminster Presbyterian 
Church of Utica for many years. He served for twenty years as 
treasurer of the Utica Rescue Mission, and rendered most valuable 
and active service on the Liberty and Victory Loan Committees of 
i Utica during the World War. 

j His membership in clubs and societies was varied and extensive, 

I including historical, patriotic, antiquarian, religious, business, social, 

i and sporting organizations. 

I He had a wide circle of friends and acquaintances, by whom he was 

I highly esteemed for his business integrity and honesty, his sensitive 

I response to the viewpoint of others, and the charm of his personality, 

i His generosity was well known, and many charitable enterprises 

I profited from his large gifts. 

1 Mr. Millspaugh married, 20 June 1887, Anna Belle Mase of Mat- 

J teawan, N. Y., daughter of Hon. WiUard Horace and Jane Elizabeth 

(Corwin) Mase. Mrs. Millspaugh's mother was the daughter of 
David Wells Corwin, and claimed descent from Matthias Corvinus, 
a famous king of Hungary. Mr. Millspaugh's wife survives him, 
together with their only chUd, Francis Corwin Millspaugh, of Lowell, 
Mass., B.A. (Yale, 1912), M.E.E. (Harvard, 1915), who succeeds 
his father in his Pilgrim Tercentenary membership in the New Eng- 
land Historic Genealogical Society. 

Levi Holbrook, M.A., of New York City, elected a resident 
member in 1897 and made a life member in 1898, was bom at West- 
borough, Mass., 7 March 1836, the son of Levi and Eliza (Grout) 
Holbrook, and died at Centre Harbor, N. H., 26 July 1922. 

He traced his descent from John^ Holbroke, who was at Wey- 
mouth, Mass., in 1640 and was chosen several times to represent 
that town in the General Court of the Colony, through Thomas^ Hol- 
brooke, NathanieP Holbrook, Nathaniel,* Micah,* David,® and Levi,^ 
his father, who was born at Sherborn, Mass., 9 June 1785. His 
mother, who was born at Northborough, Mass., 20 October 1807, 
was the daughter of Seth and Susanna (Haskell) Grout. 

Mr. Holbrook was prepared for college at Williston Seminary, 
Easthampton, Mass., and entered Yale, where he received the 
degree of Bachelor of Arts in 1857 and the degree of Master of Arts, 


in course, in 1860. He was the valedictorian of his college class and 
a member of Phi Beta Kappa. 

His eyes had suffered serious injury during his coUege course, and 
he theriefore spent the six months following his graduation in Boston, 
where he was vmder treatment for his impaired sight. Out-of-door 
life being deemed advisable for him, he rode on horseback through 
the western wUdemess across the Rocky Moxmtains to the Columbia 
River and back in 1858, and then travelled extensively in the several 
continents of the Old World. From 1860 to 1863 he studied modem 
languages and literature at Cambridge, Mass., so far as his eyes 
permitted; but he was finally obliged to give up his plans for a 
literary or professional career and entered business in Boston, where 
he remained from 1864 to 1867. From 1871 on he made his home 
in New York City, but, handicapped by his defective vision, he 
was unable to engage steadily in active work and spent much time 
in travel. He bore with cheerful resignation his inability to use 
his eyes, consoling himself with one of his favorite lines of poetry: 
"They also serve who only stand and wait." In his old age he was 
a man of striking appearance, with his long white hair and beard; 
and in the neighborhood of his summer home in New Hampshire 
he was known as "the Grand Old Man of Lake Winnepesaukee." 

He was a member of the American Fine Arts Society, the Amer- 
ican Geographical Society, of which he was secretary and councillor, 
the Order of Foimders and Patriots of America, of which he was 
registrar general, the Society of Colonial Wars, the Society of Sons 
I of the Revolution, and the New Hampshire Society of the Cin- 

j cinnati. 

I He married, 27 December 1871, Viola Vowers, daughter of John 

I Andrew and Elizabeth Melissa (Failing) Vowers. Mrs. Holbrook 

I survived her husband by less than seven weeks, dying on 10 Septem- 

I berl922. A son, Clark Holbrook of Red Bank, N. J., and a daughter, 

i Mrs. Juhan Pearce Smith (Helen Holbrook) of Upper Montclair, 

I N. J., survive their parents. 


I Alexander Graham Bell, Ph.D., M.D., LL.D., Sc.D., of 

I Washington, D. C, the world-renowned inventor of the telephone, 

I a resident member since 1889, was born in Edinburgh, Scotland, 

j 3 March 1847, the son of Alexander Melville and Eliza Grace (Sy- 

i monds) Bell, and died at Beinn Breagh, his estate near Baddeck, 

' Cape Breton, 2 August 1922. He was buried on the crest of Mount 

Beinn Breagh, at a spot chosen by himself. 

His grandfather, Alexander Bell, born at St. Andrews, Scotland, 
3 March 1790, was the son of David Bell, who was bom at St. An- 
drews in 1760 and was probably the son of a James Bell who married 
Helen Duncan, but this point seems not yet to have been posi- 
i tively established. Dr. Bell's mother, who was born at Dover, co. 

I Kent, England, was the daughter of Samuel Symonds, a surgeon in 

[ the Royal Na-v^, and his wife, Mary White. 

! Aside from the sturdy Scotch traits inherited from his 

J forbears, Alexander Graham Bell was endowed by his father and 

i ■ grandfather with a student's interest in vocal physiology, which led 



i forward to the crowning achievement of his life, the invention of 

I the telephone. The grandfather, a noted orator of his day and an 

I expert ia elocution and voice culture, had made a lifelong study 

I of sound, and invented a method of removing impediments in speech. 

I His son, Alexander Melville Bell, continued in the same course, 

I lecturing on vocal physiology at the University of Edinburgh, at 

! University College in London, and later at Queen's University, 

Kingston, in the Province of Ontario, Canada, and inventing in his 
turn a method of instruction in orthoepy which was successfully used 
I in teaching deaf-mutes. A nmnber of scholarly books dealing with 

i this study were written by him and extensively used. His experi- 

I ments, which were conducted in his home, aroused the interest of 

1 his two sons. Both boys made tests along the same lines and arrived 

at some striking results, of which the most notable was the construc- 
tion of an artificial skull of gutta-percha and india rubber that could 
be made to pronounce several words in weird tones when blown on 
by hand bellows. This machine was exhibited more than once 
before neighborhood audiences. 
I In addition to the training thus received Alexander Graham Bell 

1 was educated at the Royal High School, Edinburgh, and attended 

5 lectures at the University of Edinburgh and at University College, 

i London, where he was matriculated in 1867. During this period, 

i when but sixteen years of age, he became an instructor of deaf-mutes. 

I At twenty-two the youthful body broke under the strain of his 

( studious life and he was threatened with tuberculosis; but with the 

I removal of the family to Brantwood, Canada, in 1870, came a full 

\ retimi to vigorous health, 

j In 1872, two years after the family had settled in Canada, Dr. Bell 

removed to Boston, where he was employed in the Horace Mann 

I School as a teacher of deaf-mutes and later (1873-1877) was pro- 

[ fessor of vocal physiology in Boston University. Teaching interfered 

I so materially with his experiments that he gave up, at length, all 

I but two pupils, one of whom, Mabel Hubbard, later became his 

i wife; and it was her father, Gardiner Greene Hubbard of Boston, 

who was Bell's financial support during the lean experimental years 

of the telephone. 

On 2 June 1875, while Dr. Bell, assisted by Thomas A. Watson, 

was experimenting with his device for transmitting the hiunan voice 

over a wire, in the electrical workshop of Charles WUliams at 109 

Court Street, Boston, he heard for the first time, over a wire running 

from one room to the next, sounds made by Watson, who was in the 

next room. The following March, on Mr. Bell's twenty-ninth 

birthday, the patent on the invention was received, and a week later, 

on 10 March 1876, at No. 5 Exeter Place, Boston, where a wire had 

been installed, Watson, listening at the end of the wire in another 

room, heard Bell say: "Mr. Watson, please come here. I want you." 

ThrUled by success. Bell, two months later, carried his new toy to 

the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia, where he gave a practical 

; demonstration of the transmission of the human voice by electricity, 

s and in June 1876 saw his invention leap into fame through the weU- 

1 known incident of Dom Pedro, Emperor of Brazil, who ejaculated "My 


God! It talksl" when he heard Bell's voice coming forth from the 
queer cone-shaped instniment which he was holding to his ear. From 
that moment this exhibit became the most popular of the whole 
exposition. It was in October of the same year that a successful 
conversation was carried on between Dr. Bell in Boston and Mr. 
Watson in Cambridge, over a private telegraph wire, and in Decem- 
ber a long-distance talk between North Conway, N. H., and Boston 
assured the pioneers of the utility of the invention. The first tele- 
phone line was opened on 1 April 1877 between the Boston workshop 
of Charles Williams and his home in Somerville. Thus Boston had 
j the honor of being the birthplace of this remarkable invention, which 

startled the world by its possibilities of usefulness. On the fortieth 
anniversary of the "birth of the telephone," in 1916, Dr. BeU 
returned to Boston for the dedication of the tablet erected at 
5 Exeter Place to commemorate his first success. The preceding year, 
when the transcontinental line was opened. Dr. Bell in New York had 
once more said over the wire "Watson, come here," but this time Mr. 
Watson was ia San Francisco. 
Having started the telephone on its triumphant way, Dr. Bell, as 
i well as his associates, quietly left its career to the guidance of Theo- 

j dore Newton VaU* and turned his attention to other inventions. 

I In cooperation with C. Sumner Taintor and Dr. Chichester Bell 

i the recording and reproduction of speech, as embodied in the grapho- 

l phone, was improved. To Alexander Graham BeU is due also the 

« invention of a method of lithography, a photophone, an induction 

I balance, and a telephone probe which was used in locating the bullet 

I . which caused the death of President Garfield. Dr. Bell spent fifteen 

I years and §200,000 in testing his tetrahedral kite, and established as 

I a principle in architecture the use of tetrahedral cells or imits. From 

I 1886 on his laboratories were located near Baddeck, Cape Breton, 

I where he conducted researches and made experiments in aerial 

j locomotion and other scientific subjects; and in 1907 the Aerial 

\ Experiment Association was formed, with headquarters at Cape 

•■ Breton. 

{ During the World War Dr. Bell and Mr. F. W. Baldwin invented 

a boat or hydroplane, which developed a speed of seventy miles an 
hour and was called the fastest in the world. It was intended for 
the pursuit of submarines and for scouting, but the armistice pre- 
vented its use for those purposes. 

It was in 1877 that Dr. Bell foimded and endowed the Volta Bureau 

for the increase of knowledge relating to the deaf. He was also the 

founder and at one time president of the American Association to 

Promote Teaching of Speech to the Deaf, to which he gave §200,000. 

j He was a regent of the Smithsonian Institution, a member of the 

' National Geographic Society, of which he had been president, a 

member of the American Philosophical Society, a fellow of the Amer- 

i ican Academy of Arts and Sciences, and a member of the National 

I Academy of Sciences and of other learned societies. 

i He was the author of many scientific and educational monographs, 

I 'A memoir of Mr. Vail, with portrait, will be published in the Rbqistbb of July, 1923. 

i / 



including a "Memoir on the Formation of a Deaf Variety of the 
Hiunan Race." 

Many honors were conferred upon Dr. Bell after his great inven- 
tion had made him famous. In 1880 the French Government awarded 
him the 'prix Volta and decorated him in 1881 as an officer of the 
Legion of Honor. A medal was received from the London Society 
of Fine Arts in 1902; and in 1907 the Royal Albert Medal, the Elliott 
Cresson Medal, and the John Fritz Medal were awarded to him. 
To these were added the Hughes Medal from the Royal Society of 
Arts, London, in 1913, and the Edison Medal in 1914. Numerous 
honorary academic degrees were bestowed on him, namely, those of 
Doctor of Philosophy (Wiirzburg, 1882), Doctor of Medicine (Hei- 
delburg, 1886), Doctor of Laws (Illinois College, 1896, Harvard, 
1896, Amherst, 1901, St. Andrews, Scotland, 1902, Edinburgh, 1906, 
Queen's, Canada, 1908, Dartmouth, 1913, George Washington, 1913), 
and Doctor of Science (Oxford, 1907). 

Dr. Bell married, 11 July 1877, Mabel Gardiner Hubbard, daughter 
of Gardiner Greene and Gertrude Mercer (McCurdy) Hubbard. 
Mrs. BeU survived her husband only five months, her death occurring 
in Washington, D. C, 3 January 1923. Of their four children, two 
sons died in infancy, but the two eldest children, daughters, survive 
their parents, namely, Elsie May Bell, who was bom at South Ken- 
sington, England, and married in London, 23 October 1900, Gilbert 
Hovey Grosvenor, B.A. (Amherst, 1897), M.A. {ib., 1901), editor of 
a Washington magazine, and Marian Hubbard Bell, born in Wash- 
ington, D. C, the wife of Dr. David G. Fairchild of that city. 

Waldo Elias Boardman, D.M.D., of Boston, elected a resident 
member in 1913 and made a life member in 1919, was born at Saco, 
Me., 1 September 1851, the son of Elias and Sarah Hartshorn (Hop- 
kins) Boardman, and died at Omaha, Nebr., 14 August 1922, while 
on his way home from the convention of the National Dental Asso- 
ciation at San Francisco, Calif. 

His paternal ancestry has been traced from Maj. WUliam^ Bord- 
man or Boardman of Cambridge, Mass., 1638, and his wife Frances, 
through WUliam^ and Sarah of Maiden and Chelsea, Mass., WQliam' 
and Abiah (Sprage) of Lynn, Mass., Amos* of Chelsea and Reading, 
Mass., who married at Reading, 28 May 1752, Elizabeth Smith of 
Reading, Dea. Elias,^ a Revolutionary soldier, who married at Read- 
ing, 5 April 1785, Hannah Lewis, Elias,* who was born at Bridgewater, 
N. H., 24 November 1786, married, 21 January 1821, Huldah Green, 
and died at South Reading, (now Wakefield), Mass., 23 November 
1861, and Elias,^ his father who was bom at South Reading 26 
February 1822 and died at Haverhill, Mass., 15 October 1901. His 
mother, Sarah Hartshorn Hopkins, was born at South Reading 28 
February, 1823, the daughter of Joseph and Martha (Crooker) 
Hopkins, and was married to Elias Boardman 5 December 1848. 

He was educated in the public schools of Saco and at the Bryant and 
Stratton Commercial School in Portland, Me., and was engaged 
with his father for two years in the boot and shoe business. In 
August 1871 he came to Boston and was employed as confidential 


clerk by a patent lawyer, with whom he afterwards entered into 
partnership. In 1877 he was compelled by impaired health to give 
up this work, and, after a rest of four years, he became a newspaper 
publisher, in New York City. Returning to Boston a year later, he 
engaged in the drug business, which he soon left to enter the con- 
fectionery business, in which he remained for two years. Then, 
after seven or eight months of rest, he was enrolled in 1883 as a 
student in the Harvard Dental School, and received from Harvard 
in 1886 the degree of Doctor of Dental Medicine. 

Dr. Boardman practised his profession from 1886 until his death. 
At one time he resided in Winthrop, but he had his office in Boston. 
He held various positions in the Harvard Dental School, serving as 
instructor in operative dentistry, 1891-1899, curator of the Dental 
Museum, 1893-1915, librarian of the Dental School, 1897-1915, and 
editor for many years of the quinquennial catalogues of the Dental 

He was president of the Massachusetts Dental Society, 1896-97, 
chairman of its executive committee for many years, and the author 
of a history of that society from 1867 on. He held high office in 
other dental organizations, being president of the National Dental 
Association in 1904-05; and he was a member of the World's Colum- 
bian Dental Congress in 1893 and of the organization committee of 
the Fourth International Dental Congress at St. Louis, Mo., in 1904, 
a delegate to the Fifth International Dental Congress in Berlin, 
Germany, in 1909, and chairman of the National Dental Convention 
which met in Boston in 1920. 

He was connected also with many historical, patriotic, and social 
organizations, including the Massachusetts Charitable IMechanic 
Association, the Society of Colonial Wars, the Sons of the American 
Revolution, and the Bostonian Society. For three years, 1917-1919, 
he was a member of the Committee on Ways and Means of the New 
England Historic and Genealogical Society. 

Dr. Boardman married first, 15 June 1882, Margaret Elisabeth 
Brown, who died s.p. in Boston in December 1917, daughter of 
Thomas and Julia Brown; and secondly, at Santa Cruz, Calif., 14 
February 1921, Mary E. Townsend, who survives him. 

Mrs. Alice White (Shaw) Torrey, of Dorchester, Mass., a 
Pilgrim Tercentenary member since 1919, was born at South Wej'- 
mouth, Mass., 6 August 1836, the daughter of Theron Vinson and 
Rebecca Tubbs (Colburn) Shaw, and died at Dorchester 18 August 
1922. Through her mother, the daughter of Rev. Samuel Woods and 
Ruth (Coggswell) Colburn, she was connected with several honored 
families of early New England. 

She was married at Weymouth, Mass., 14 October 1862, to Elbridge 
Torrey, who was born at South Weymouth 17 September 1837 and 
died at Dorchester 2 January 1914, the son of Joseph and Harriet 
(Wade) Torrey. He was for many years senior member of the carpet 
house of Torrey, Bright & Capen of Boston, now known as the 
Torrey, Bright & Capen Company, was active in the work of the 
Congregational Church, in the American Board of Commissioners 



\ for Foreign Missions, and in educational fields, and was a resident 

I member of the New England Historic Genealogical Society from 

j 1900 until his death.* 

I Mrs. Torrey was a member of the Second Church of Dorchester, 

I known as the Codman Square Church. Her life was filled with benef- 

I icent deeds; and in her will she made large bequests to churches, 

I schools and eleemosynary institutions, in the same spirit of service 

I which had characterized her husband's activities in behaK of his 
fellow men. She was the last of her family. 

j Mrs. Abbie Susan (Jefts) Beede, of Hudson, Mass., a life mem- 

•; ber since 1913, was bom in that part of Marlborough, Mass., which is 

now included in the town of Hudson, 28 August 1859, the daughter 

of Luman Thompson and EmUy Susan (Witt) Jefts, and died at 

Hudson 16 September 1922. 

Her great-grandfather was David Jefts, and her grandfather was 

Benjamin Jefts. Her father was bom at Washington, N. H., 4 April 

1830. Her mother, who was born at Marlborough 6 August- 1833, 

was the daughter of Dwight and Abigail (Estabrook) Witt. 

] She was educated in the Hudson public schools, at Willow Park 

I Seminary, Westborough, Mass., and at the New England Conserva- 

I tory of Music, and was for two years a pupil in the preparatory 

I school of WeUesley College and for two years more a student in 

I Wellesley College. 

I She was married, 24 April 1884, to Frank Taylor Beede, who was 

I born at East Hebron, N. H., 14 September 1849 and died at Hudson 

\ 22 November 1905, the son of William Taylor and Irene Quimby 

i (Smith) Beede and fifth in descent from Eli Beede of Kingston, N. H., 

. I who was bom in the Island of Jersey in 1699. Two children, Everett 

\ Jefts Beede, of Belmont, Mass., A.B. (Boston University, 1905), who 

f has been a life member of the New England Historic Genealogical 

Society since 1912, and Luman Jefts Beede, survive her. 

Mrs. Beede was known for her devotion to her family and to 
charitable interests, and was a distinct factor in the community 
interests of her home town. 

Hon. Edward Francis Johnson, A.B., LL.B., of Woburn, Mass., 
a resident member since 1890, was bom at Woburn 22 October 1856, 
. the son of John and Julia Ann (Bulfinch) Johnson, and died there 
23 September 1922. 

He was a descendant in the ninth generation of Capt. Edward^ 
Johnson,! a charter member of the Ancient and Honorable ArtUlery 
Company of Massachusetts in 1637, one of the seven pioneers who 
left Charlestown and founded in 1640 the settlement at Woburn, of 
which he was the first town clerk, and the author of the "Wonder- 
working Providence of Sion's Savior in New England," through Maj. 
William,^ commanding officer against the Indians and the second 

•Cf. memoir of Elbridge Torrey, in Registeb, vol. 69, p. xlix. 

tCapt. Edward Johnson was baptdied at St. George's Church, Canterbury, co. Kent, England, 
16 September 1598, the son of William and Susan (Porredge) Johnson. His ancestry has been 
traced back to his great-grandfather, William Johnson of Canterbury, and his mother's ancestry 
has betn traced to her grandfather. See Reqistee, vol. 67, pp. 169-180.) 


town clerk of Woburn, Capt. Edward,' who succeeded his father in 
1700 as captain of the Woburn mihtary company, Samuel,^ Reuben,* 
who served in the French and Indian War, Reuben,^ who was a 
member of Belknap's company from Woburn, at Lexington, 19 April 
1775, John,^ and John,* his father, who was born 12 February 1814 
and died 7 December 1902. All of this Johnson line except Edward^ 
I and William'' were born at Woburn, all lived at Wobum, and all 

I died there. His mother, Julia Ann Bulfinch, his father's second wife, 

I was born at Lynn, Mass., 23 June 1825 and died 1 May 1903, the 

daughter of Amos Breed and Hannah (Coombs) Bulfinch.* ' 
J He was prepared for college in the Woburn public schools, was 

i' graduated at the high school there in 1874, entered Harvard in the 

< autumn of the same year, and received the degree of Bachelor of 

] Arts in 1878. In college he was admitted to membership in Phi Beta 

i Kappa. For a few months after his graduation he read law by him- 

self; but in the spring of 1879 he sailed for Europe and spent several 
months there in study and travel. Returning home in October 1879, 
he entered the Harvard Law School and attained the degree of 
, Bachelor of Laws in 1882. 

• Already, in July 1881, he had opened a law office in Boston, with 

I his classmate, the late Gen. William Amos Bancroft, and in November 

I of that year he had been admitted to the Suffolk bar. He retained 

I his Boston office until October 1883; but from that time on he carried 

5 on his professional work at Wobum, having been appointed clerk of 

5 the first District Court of Eastern Middlesex on its establishment 

I in 1882, an office which he held until July 1888, when he resigned. 

I For two years, 1887 and 1888, he was town treasurer of Wobum; 

I and in 1888, when the town of Wobum, which had been foimded by 

I his ancestors, became a city, he was elected its first mayor and 

I served for two years, 1889 and 1890. Declining a second reelection, 

f he was appointed in February 1891 justice of the Fourth District 

I Court of Eastern Middlesex, and continued to serve in this capacity 

I for thirty-one years, until his death. 

•| WhUe he was a Woburn official, he prepared at his own expense 

• and began the publication of "Woburn Records of Births, Deaths, 

\ and Marriages, from 1640 to 1873," arranged alphabetically by 

surnames and chronologically imder each surname, a valuable contri- 
bution to history and genealogy. This publication was subsequently 
brought down to 1890. 

He was deeply interested in genealogical matters, and published 
several pamphlets dealing with the Bulfinch, Simonds, and Johnson 
families, including an exhaustive genealogical study under the title of 
"Captain Edward Johnson of Wobum, Massachusetts, and Some of 
His Descendants," Boston, 1905, of which the portion dealing with 
the first five generations of the f amUy was published originally in the 
Register, vol. 59. His researches also led him to publish numerous 
articles pertaining to matters of local history. 

Judge Johnson was a member of the Middlesex Bar Association, 

*Her paternal ancestry may be traced back for four generations in a booklet by Judge Johnson, 
published in 1895 and entitled "A Genealogy of the Descendants of John Bulfinch of Boston, 
Massachusetts, 1700}— 1895." 


I the Massachusetts Bar Association, the Massachusetts Historical 

f Society, to which he was elected in 1894, but in which he resigned 

I his membership a few years before his death, the American Anti- 

I quarian Society, the Colonial Society of Massachusetts, and the 

1 Rumford Historical Association, which he had served as president 

f (1899). He was a former president and a life member of the board 

I of trustees of the Wobum Public Library, a trustee of the Wobum 

f Charitable Association, and vice president of the Wobum National 

? Bank. He was a member also of the law firm of Johnson & Johnson 

of Wobum, made up of his brother, himself and their two sons — all 
Harvard men. 

In his yoimger days he was an enthusiastic baseball and tennis 
player, and he never lost his interest in athletic sports. He made 
several trips overland to the Pacific coast in the latter part of his 
life. For several years before his death, however, his health had 
been impaired. 

He married, 26 September 1882, Mary Elizabeth Simonds, the 
daughter of Edward and Mary (Tidd) Simonds of Wobum. His wife 
survives him, together with their two sons, Harold Pendexter John- 
l son, A.B. (Harvard, 1905), LL.B. {ib., 1907), bom at Wobum 10 

j November 1883, a former mayor of Wobum, and now a member of 

I the firm of Johnson & Johnson, and Kenneth Simonds Johnson, A.B. 

I (Harvard, 1907), born at Wobum 12 February 1885, a telephone 

I engineer in New York City, with his home in Jersey City, N. J., and 

i their daughter, Eleanor Johnson, their yoimgest child. 

Judge Johnson was a kindly, courteous, considerate man, ever 
ready to place the results of his study and researches freely at the 
I disposal of younger students. His love of family was intense, and, 

i like his distinguished ancestor, the foimder of Wobum, whom he 

I resembled in other striking ways, he devoted much time gratuitously 

i to public-spirited undertakings and to the welfare of his native town. 

[ His work in preserving the vital records of Wobum was of a pioneer 

J character, and deserves recognition and gratitude from aU who 

; realize the value of such publications. He once told the writer that 

he began this work whUe waiting for his first clients to come to his 
oflSce, and that he was able to pursue it for some time without inter- 
ruption or annoyance. The distinguished and useful position which 
his family has held continuously in Wobum throughout ten genera- 
tions is very vmusual, even in New ngland. 

A. J. 

Albert Alvin Jenks, of Pawtucket, R. I., a Pilgrim Tercentenary 
member since 1920, was born at Central Falls, R. I., 1 November 
1859, the son of Alvin Fales and Eliza (Whitford) Jenks, and died 
at Pawtucket 7 November 1922. 

His father's family traced its line from Joseph* Jenks of Lynn, 
Mass., 1645, through Joseph,* who came from England with his 
father and eventually settled at Pawtucket, Maj. Nathaniel,^ Nathan- 
iel,* Capt. Stephen,* Stephen,^ Alvin,^ to Alvin Fales,* the father of 
the subject of this memoir, who was bom at Central Falls 23 August 
1828. Through Hannah Howland Bosworth, wife of Maj. NathanieP 


Jenks and granddaughter of John and Elizabeth (Tilley) Howland, 
Albert Alvin Jenks derived Mayflower ancestry. His mother, bom 
at Warwick, R. I., 23 August 1829, was the daughter of Benjamin 
and Elizabeth (Sherman) Whitford. 

He was educated at the private school of James Mills in Paw- 
tucket, Mowry and Goff's English and Classical School in Providence, 
R. I., the Highland Military Academy in Worcester, Mass., and the 
Bryant and Stratton Commercial School in Providence. 

After his school days were ended, the young man entered the Fales 
& Jenks Machine Company of Pawtucket, founded in 1830 by his 
grandfather, Alvin Jenks, and David Fales, a partnership which 
grew out of the original firm of Stephen Jenks & Son, of which Alvin 
Jenks had been a member. His choice of manufacturing as a career 
was a natural sequence to the previous history of his paternal ances- 
tors in New England, who, from the time when Joseph' Jenks settled 
at Pawtucket in 1671, where he buUt a forge, carried on a sawmill 
and carpenter shop, and later operated an iron foimdry, had been 
engaged without interruption in iron foimding and manufacturing, 
the firm at the present time being directed by Robert Rice Jenks, the 
son who succeeded his father as president of the company, on the 
j latter's resignation about two years before his death. 

;. Success in his own business brought to Mr. Jenks the cares and 

j responsibilities of many other enterprises. He was president and a 

I director of the Jenks Spinning Company of Pawtucket and of the 

I Pilgrim MUls of Fall River, Mass. He was a director, also, of the 

I Cornell Mills of Fall River, the Dartmouth Manufacturing Corpora- 

I tion of New Bedford, Mass., the Judson Mills of Greenville, S. C., 

I the Jenks Canadian Company, Limited, of Drummondville, Province 

{ of Quebec, the Queen City Cotton Company of Burlington, Vt., and 

{ the Slater Branch Industrial Company, and was a vice president of 

I the Home Market Club. 

I Mr. Jenks was alive to the welfare of his city, was a Uberal donor 

I to charities, and was interested in many patriotic. Masonic, and 

I recreational societies, being a member of the Society of Mayflower 

I Descendants, the Society of Colonial Wars, and various Masonic 

I organizations and business and country clubs. He attended St. 

I John's Episcopal Chiirch. 

; He married, 6 February 1884, Annie Cleveland Rice, daughter of 

', John T. and Ellen M. (Bates) Rice, who survives him, together with 

their son, Robert Rice Jenks of Pawtucket, who succeeds his father 
in his Pilgrim Tercentenary membership in the New England Historic 
Genealogical Society. A younger son, Richard Alvin Jenks, who was 
born in 1892, died in his eighteenth year. 

I William Goodsell Rockefeller, B.A., of New York City, a 

life member since 1921, was born in New York City 21 IMay 1870, the 
son of William and Ahnira Geraldine (Goodsell) Rockefeller, and 
f died there 30 November 1922. 

\ His paternal ancestry has been given in the memoir of his father, 

! WUliam Rockefeller, a Pilgrim Tercentenary member -of the Society, 

I who died 24 Jtme 1922. {Vide supra, page xc.) 


He was prepared for college at M. W. Lyon's Collegiate Institute, 
entered Yale, and received from that institution the degree of Bache- 
lor of Arts in 1892. Except for a year (1893-94) spent in travel, in 
which he went around the globe, his life was devoted chiefly to 
business and finance. He entered the employ of the Standard Oil 
Company of New York and the Standard Oil Company of New 
Jersey, and served as treasurer of the former organization from 1899 
I to 1911. For five years he was secretary and treasiu-er of the Amal- 

1 gamated Copper Company, of which he was also a director, and he 

I held various official positions in the Anaconda Copper Mining Com- 

! pany and companies subsidiary to this company and to the Amalga,- 

mated Company. His services were sought as a bank director and as 
a director of several raUway systems, among which may be men- 
tioned the Union Pacific Railroad Company, the Oregon Short Line 
Railroad Company, and the Oregon-Washington Railroad & Navi- 
gation Company. He was a director also of the Brooklyn Union 
Gas Company and of bther public utilities and industrial companies. 
After his retirement in 1911 from the treasurership of the Standard 
I Oil Company of New York, Mr. Rockefeller spent much of his time 

I at Greenwich, Conn., where his large estate of several hvmdred 

I acres contained a deer park, a trotting park, and the famous Rocke- 

I feller kennels. He was a member of the Union Club, the Metropolitan 

\ Club, the Yale Club, the University Club, and many other New 

I York clubs, as well as various organizations for out-of-door sports. 

-. He married, 21 November 1895, Elsie Stillman, daughter of the 

1 late James Stillman, the well-known New York banker and financier, 

I and his wife, Sarah Elizabeth (Rmnrill). Mrs. Rockefeller survives 

I her husband, together with their five children, William Avery, B.A. 

(Yale, 1918), Godfrey StUhnan, B.A., (Yale, 1921), James Stillman, 
John Sterling, and Ahnira Geraldine Rockefeller, 

A memoir of Henry Herbert Edes may be foimd in the 
Register of April 1923. 

Memoirs of Viscount Brtce and George Robert White will 
appear in futvure niunbers of the Register, and memoirs of several 
other members of the Society whose deaths are reported in the Nec- 
rology for 1922 will be published in 1924. 




Abbot, William Fitzhale . . Ixxxv 
Addison, Mary Elisabeth 

(Newcomb) Ixxviii 

Allen, Sir John Campbell . xli 
Atwood, Hartley Frederic . Ixxii 
Baker, Edward Howard . . xxxix 
Beede, Abbie Susan (Jefts) . ci 
Bell, Alexander Graham . . xcvi 
Boardman, Waldo Elias . . xcix 
Bradley, Charles Henry . . Ix 

Brooks, Shepherd Ixv 

Butterfield, A. Augustine . liv 
Clapp, John Cotton . . . . Iv 
Coohdge, Henry Dingley . Ixii 
Cummings, Margaret (Kim- 
ball) xciii 

FUckinger, Ella Florence 

(Hoyt) Ixxxix 

Fowler, Sarah (Brown) . . xlviii 
Hamilton, Victor Hugo . . xliii 

Holbrook, Levi xcv 

Hosmer, Jerome Carter . . Ixxiv 
Jenks, Albert Alvin . . . . ciii 
Johnson, Edward Francis . ci 
Jordan, John Woolf .... xlix 
KimbaU, Herbert Wood . . Ixxix 
Lawrence, Lambert Bigelow xlix 

Lyman, JuUa lix 

Millspaugh, Edward Judson xciv 
George Gery li 

Pattee, Eleanor Tracy 

(Eustis) Ixxxviii 

Potter, James Brown . . . Ixvii 
Rockefeller, William . . . xc 
Exjckefeller, WiUiam Goodsell civ 
Saltonstall, Richard Middle- 

cott Ixxxii 

Savary, Alfred William . . xliv 
Sawyer, George Augustus . Ivii 
Schiff, Jacob Henry .... xlvii 
Sinckler, Edward Goulbum xcii 
Stevens, Alice Nichols 

(Cobum) Ixiv 

Stevens, Samuel Dale . . . Ixviii 
Stewart, George Sawin . . Ixxxiv 
Stowell, William Henry 

Harrison Ixxxvi 

Sweet, Lucy Carpenter . . Ixxvi 
Thompson, Ebenezer . . . Ixi 
Thomdike, Augustus Larkin bod 
Torrey, Alice White (Shaw) c 
Walker, Emily (Talbot) . . bdv 

Walker, Williston Ixx 

Ward, Ann Jane (Felton) . Ixxxviii 
Warden, William Francis . Ixxv 

Warren, Nathan Ixxx 

Wentworth, Moses Jones . Ixxii 
Wiggin, George Winslow . Ixxvii 
Wilcox, Dorvil Miller . . . Iviii 


An Act to incorporate the New England Historic Genealo^oal Society. 

Be it enacted hy the Senate and Rouse of Bepreaeniativea, in Oeneral Court aseembled, and by the 
authority of the same, a» foUows: 

Sbct. 1. Charles Ewer, J. Wingate Thornton, Joseph Willard, their associates and successors . 
are hereby made a corporation, by the name of the New England Historic Genealo^cal Society, 
for the purpose of collecting, preserving, and occasionally publishing, genealogical and historical 
matter, relating to early New England families, and for the establishment and maintenance of 
a cabinet; and for these purposes, shall have all the powers and privileges, and, be subject to all 
the duties, requirements and liabilities, set forth in the forty-fourth chapter of the Revised 

Sect. 2. The said corporation may hold and possess real and personal estate, to an amount 
not exceeding twenty thousand dollars. 

[Approved by the Oooemor, March IS, t845.\ 

Acta and Resolves of the General Court of JIassachxuetts, 184S, chapter ISS. 

An Act to enable the New England Historic-Genealogical Society to hold an additional amount 

of property. 

Be it enacted, etc., as foUows: 

Section 1. The New England Historic-Genealogical Society may take, by purchase, ^t, 
grant or otherwise, and hold, real and personal estate not exceeding one hundred thousand dot 
lars, in addition to the amount authorized by the second section of chapter one hundred and 
fifty-two of the acts of the year one thousand eight hundred and forty-five. 

Section 2. This act shall take effect upon its passage. 

Approved April 1, 1868, 

Acts and Resolves, 1868, chapter 100. 

An Act to enable the New England Historic-Genealogical Society to hold additional real and 

personal property. 

Be it enacted, etc., as foUows: 

Section 1. The New England Historic-Genealogical Society may take by bequest, gift, grant, 
or otherwise, and hold, real and personal estate not exceeding two hundred thousand dollars in 
value in addition to the amount authorized by section two of chapter one himdred and fifty-two 
of the acts of the year one thousand eight hundred and forty-five, and by section one of chapter 
one hundred of the acts of the year one thousand eight hundred and sixty-eight, and exclusive 
of the value of all books, papers, pictures and statuary now owned, or which may be hereafter 
acquired by said society. 

Section 2. This act shall take effect upon its passage. 

Approved April IS, 1888. 

Acts and Resolves, 1888, chapter 227. 

An Act to enable women to become members of the New England Historic Genealo^cal Society, 

Be it enacted, etc., as foUows: 

The New England Historic Genealogical Society, a corporation organized under the laws of 
this Commonwealth, may admit women to membership, subject to such restrictions as the by- 
laws of said corporation may from time to time impose. 

Approved April 10, 1897. 

Acts and Resolves, 1897, chapter S75. 

The following is from the Revised Laws of 190S, Corporation Acts, chapter 1S5, section 8: 

Any corporation organized imder general or si>ecial laws for any of the purposes mentioned 
in section two [educational, charitable, antiquarian, historical, literary, scientific, etc.] . . . may 
hold real and personal estate to an amount not exceeding one million five hundred thousand 




JULY, 1923 

By Henht Edwabds Scott, A.B., of Medford, Mass. 

Theodore Newton Vail, of Lyndonville, Vt., and of New York 
City, a Pilgrim Tercentenary member of the New England Historic 
Genealogical Society since 1919, was born in Carroll Co., Ohio, 16 
July 1845, the son of Davis and Phebe (Quinby) Vail, and died in 
Baltimore, Md., 16 April 1920. 

Among the great "captains of industry" of the modern world 
Theodore Newton Vail holds a foremost place, and in what he 
accomplished he rendered a lasting service to his contemporaries 
and to succeeding generations. From early manhood he took up 
one task after another not chiefly for the purpose of enriching 
himself but because he saw, or believed that he saw, in each new 
enterprise an opportimity to benefit mankind. The better part of 
his life was devoted to organizing and extending commimication by 
telephone, and it was well said in later years: "Bell created the 
telephone and Vail created the telephone business." His career 
furnishes a most interesting example of the development, in the- 
hard school of experience, of an easy-going, somewhat unambitious 
lad first into a valued employee of the Government and afterwards 
into a leader in the march of civilization.* 

Though he was born in Ohio, his early American ancestors were of 
Eastern stock. He was seventh in descent from Thomas^ Vail of 
Westchester Co., N. Y., who was probably identical with the Thomas 
Vayle who was at Southampton, Long Island, from 1649 to 1654. 
The Southampton man may have been a brother of Jeremiah Vaile, 
blacksmith, of Salem, Mass., 1639-1651, and afterwards of Long 
Island, the ancestor of a widely-extended family. John^ Vail, grand- 
son of Thomas,' settled at Woodbridge, N. J., about 1708, and was 
a carpenter, farmer, and Quaker preacher. His grandson, Davis^ 
Vail, moved in 1783 to Morristown, N. J., where he held town and 
county offices. Stephen® Vail, eldest son of Davis,^ established the 
Speedwell Iron Works, near Morristown, where in 1818 were built 
the engines of the Savannah, the steamship which in the following 
year made the first voyage under steam across the Atlantic. At the 

*The writer of this memoir wishes to acknowledge his indebtedness, in much that he has 
written, to a most interesting and instructive biography of Mr. Vail, by Albert Bigelow Paine, 
published by Harper & Brothers in 1921 and entitled "In One Man's Life." 

TOL. LXXVll. 11 

164 Theodore Newton Vail [July 

Speedwell Iron Works, also, parts of the first American locomotives 
were constructed, and Alfred^ Vail, son of Stephen,* was one of the 
associates of Samuel F. B. Morse in the development of the electric 
telegraph. Lewis* Vail, second son of Davis,* was a civil engineer in 
Ohio, and was engaged in the construction of important public works; 
and Davis^ Vail, son of Lewis,* born in Ohio in 1811, after working 
for some time in his uncle's employ in the Speedwell Iron Works, 
married, 27 November 1834, Phebe Quinby, daughter of Judge 
Isaac Quinby of Parsippany, N. J., and on her mother's side a 
descendant of French Huguenots. Davis Vail then, with his wife, 
went back to Ohio, to set up ironworks on his own account; and they 
were living in Carroll County, not far from Minerva in the adjoining 
Stark County, when Theodore Newton,* their sixth child, was bom. 
He was at first named Lewis, for his grandfather; but soon his name 
was changed to Theodore Newton, for his mother's brother, who had 
I died in childhood. 

I When Theodore was about two years old, his father returned with 

j his familj' to New Jersey, and again entered his uncle's employ, as 

I the head of the Speedwell Iron Works. Davis Vail had been brought 

I up as a Quaker, but his wife was a Presbyterian, and he attended her 

I church. Theodore was sent, when very young, to a school kept by a 

I Miss Kirk, and when he was about ten years old he began to attend 

f the public school at Morristown. Later the famUy moved to a farm 

I at Morris Plaiiis, and Theodore went to the public school there until 

he was about sixteen, when he entered the Morristown Academy, 
I three miles distant from his home, walking to and fro twice every 

I day. Here he showed special interest in chemistry and other sciences, 

I and for this reason was a favorite with the principal of the Academy. 

I He attended church and Sunday school regularly, and at times 

I thought of becoming a minister. He read extensively in fiction, 

f . biography, and history. 

i On leaving the Academy he went to work, at the age of seventeen, 

I as a clerk in a drug store, and whUe there became much interested in 

I telegraphy, for the American Magnetic Company had a telegraph 

; office in the store. He had a room over the store, and hved there at 

I • least a part of the time. But in ]May 1864, when he was almost 

j nineteen years old, he went back to his home and began to study 

I medicine with his uncle, Dr. Quinbj\ A diary which he began in 

I September 1863, and which he kept up, with many intermissions, 

for more than four years, has been preserved, and reveals many of 

his activities and interests in that time of stirring events. In 

1864 he wished to enlist in the Union Army, but his father opposed 

this course, and he submitted to his judgment. In the summer of 

that year something occurred — apparently some disturbance of 

j domestic harmony — that led him to leave home and to go to work 

! in a telegraph office in New York City. 

I He had probably secured this position through the influence of 

• his uncle, Isaac Quinby of Rochester, N. Y., who was connected 

• with the Western Union Telegraph Company, and for more than a 

• . year and a half he remained in the employ of the Company as an 
i operator in one or another of its New York oflSces and, for a brief 

1923] Theodore Newton Vail 165 

period, at White Plains. His spare time seems to have been given, 
in company with his fellow operators, to such amusements and means 
of relaxation as the great city offered, and there was nothing in 
his life at this time to indicate the remarkable achievements of his 
later career. In the latter part of 1864, after an absence from 
home of nearly three months, he seems to have become reconciled 
with his family. 

In the spring of 1866 he was done with New York and was off for 

the West. His father had been seized by the desire to go West that, 

like a fever, attacked so many in the years immediat-ely following 

the Civil War, and with his wife and children — nine in all, although 

they did not aU go at the same time — migrated to the prairies of 

Iowa, where he bought land about nine miles from Waterloo and took 

up farming. Theodore accompanied his father, and did his share in 

the hard work of the farm, which they called Speedwell Grove. He 

also speedily gained a reputation as a baseball player, and was chosen 

catcher on the Empire Club, the best Waterloo team — there were 

six baseball clubs there. In one game, with a nine from Cedar Falls, 

the score was 84 to 30 in favor of the Waterloo team, and 33 runs 

were made in a single inning. The Marshalltown club, the captain 

i of which was "Pop" Anson, a celebrated baseball player of later 

1 years, won two games out of three in a series played with the Empire 

J Club, but voted to award a belt to Theodore Vail as the champion 

I player of Iowa. 

I In the second winter of his stay in Iowa young Vail, now in his 

I twenty-third year, taught a coimtry school at Blakeville, about 

! three miles distant from his home, and also became engaged to his 

\ first cousin once removed, Emma Louise Righter of Newark, N. J., 

? daughter of his mother's avmt, at whose house he had occasionally 

! spent an evening while he was emploj'ed as a telegrapher in New 

j York. 

\ But farming and school-teaching in Iowa did not appeal to him as 

I permanent occupations; and in 1868, after the close of his school 

• in March, he returned to telegraphy, and obtained a position at 

Pinebluff, Wyo., near the Black Hills, as night operator for the 
Union Pacific Railroad, then not completed. The place was on the 
frontier of civiHzation, and soldiers were often needed to protect 
from the Indians the rough woodcutters who worked there for 
the railroad. Theodore himself and his brother Alonzo, who had 
joined him there and was employed as a night watchman, encountered 
one day a band of Indians and had a narrow escape from capture 
or death. Theodore made such changes and improvements in the 
work of the telegraph office at Pinebluff that he was soon made day 
operator and station agent; but he continued to look for a better 
position, and in the early part of 1869, through the influence of 
Gen. GrenviUe M. Dodge, chief engineer of the Union Pacific, 
he was appointed a clerk in the Railway Mail Service, a so-called 
"route agent," at a salary of $900 a year, which was soon advanced 
to $1000 and later to $1200 — the maximum salary for the position. 
His run at first was from Omaha, Nebr., to Wasatch, Utah, almost 
; as far as the Union Pacific was then opened. A little later the mails 

166 Theodore Newton Vail [July 

were carried by railroad from Omaha to Promontory Point, Utah, 
a distance of about 1100 miles. It was a rough, hastily-constructed 
road, through a wild country, with buffaloes and Indians to deal 
with, and accidents were of common occurrence. One accident laid 
young VaU up for a month. 

In the summer of 1869 he was granted leave of absence for several 
weeks, and returned to the East for his wedding with his cousin, 
Emma Louise Righter, which took place at Newark, N. J., 3 August 
1869. Taking his wife to a boarding house at Omaha, he resumed 
his work in the Railway Mail Service on the Union Pacific, which had 
by this time been opened to the Pacific coast, his run extending from 
Omaha to Ogden, Utah. Somewhat later he was assigned to the nm 
between Chicago and Iowa City, and he and his wife then resided 
at Iowa City, where, on 18 July 1870, their son and only child, 
Davis Righter Vail, was bom. Soon afterwards he was sent back 
to Omaha and was promoted to be one of the chief clerks on the 
Union Pacific, at a salary of $1400 a year. He built a small house, 
with borrowed money, in the outskirts of Omaha, and he and his wife 
were noted for their hospitality in their little circle of friends. In 
these years he planned to become a lawyer, and began to read law 
in his spare time in the oflBce of one of his friends, a young lawyer 
named WilHam J. Connell. 

The Railway Mail Service was at that time a chaotic and 
undeveloped branch of the work of the Post Office Department. 
Vail in his runs devised and put into effect a system of sorting the 
mail into packages on the trains, so that delays at distributing points 
were avoided and mail was delivered much more speedily than 
formerly. His ability in this work was brought to the attention of 
George S. Bangs, General Superintendent of the Railway Mail 
Service, and in February 1873 Vail was ordered to Washington and 
{ made special assistant to this official. 

I His task was to develop the sj'stem of distributing mail matter in 

1 transit and to extend it to all parts of the United States. Charts of 

j railway connections had to be prepared for the guidance of the clerks, 

t and examinations were introduced to make sure that the clerks 

j studied and mastered the charts. With the hearty support of Bangs 

' and the approval of Postmaster General John S. J. Creswell, Vail 

grappled successfully with his great problems, and on 1 July 1874, 

after some hesitation on Cresswell's part, arising from political 

considerations, that nearly resulted in Vail's entering the postal 

service of the Japanese Government, he was promoted to be Assistant 

General Superintendent of the Railway Mail Service. His salary 

now was nominally $1600 a year, but an allowance of S5 per day for 

expenses while in Washington and additional allowances for travelling 

brought up this sum to almost 83500 a year. 

I For the next year Bangs and Vail were occupied with plans for 

establishing fast mail service, by trains composed of maU cars only, 

between New York and Chicago. Marshall Jewell, President Grant's 

new Postmaster General, supported them in this project. Vail was 

sent to England and returned with several new and helpful ideas, 

and arrangements were made with the New York Central Railroad 

I 1923] Theodore Newton Vail ' 167 


which resulted in the first fast mail train leaving New York City 
at 4.15 A.M. on 16 September 1875 and arriving at Chicago at 
6.47 A.M. the next day — eight minutes ahead of the allotted time. 

Again, however, the Post Office Department almost lost the 
services of Theodore N. Vail. Bangs was about to resign his position 
as General Superintendent of the Railway Mail Service, which paid 
him less than $4500 a year, including his $5 per day for expenses, in 
order to accept a better position in the Treasury Department, and it 
looked as if politics would stand in the way of Vail's promotion to 
the position which Bangs was giving up. Again there came an ofifer 
from Japan of the position of assistant superintendent of foreign 
mails, and Vail accepted it. Postmaster General Jewell then gave 
to Vail the promotion which he so well deserved, and he was appointed 
at the beginning of 1876 General Superintendent of the Railway 
Mail Service. 

After a few months Congress reduced by ten per cent the amount 
paid to the raiboads for the fast mail service, and in July 1876 the 
New York Central discontinued thS fast mail trains. It was not 
until the summer of 1877 that, through the efforts of Mr. Vail, a 
special appropriation was made by Congress and the fast mail trains 
were restored. The system was soon extended to other routes than 
that between New York and Chicago, and became firmly established 
as a part of the Railway Mail Service. 

Theodore N. Vail, however, was not satisfied with the prospect of 
remaining permanently in the employ of the Government. Alexander 
Graham Bell* had invented the telephone; and a company had been 
formed, of which Gardiner Greene Hubbard, a Boston lawyer, was 
president, to bring this new means of communication into popular 
use and to make a commercial success of the invention. The new 
company was in dire need of capital to pay for the telephones it 
was here and there installing, and it had a dangerous rival in the 
powerful Western Union Telegraph Company, which, disregarding 
the patent obtained by Dr. Bell, proceeded to organize a telephone 
company of its own. Mr. Hubbard, who in 1876 had been appointed 
by President Grant chairman of a commission to determine the 
the proper rates to be paid by the Post Office Department for 
the transportation of the mails, had been profoundly impressed with 
Mr. Vail's ability as an organizer in the Railway Mail Service, and 
succeeded at last, in May 1878, in inducing him to accept the position 
of general manager of the Bell Telephone Company. Many of Vail's 
friends sought to dissuade him from throwing in his lot with this 
new enterprise, of which the future appeared to them so uncertain; 
but he had become convinced of the great practical value of the 
BeU telephone, and foresaw that in the not distant future it would 
become almost indispensable in business life and in the home circle. 
The salary promised was $3500 for the first year and $5000 for the 
second year. Much later he jokingly referred to his willingness to 
leave a Government job with a small salary for a telephone job with 
no salary. 

* A resident member of the New England Historic Genealogical Society from 1889 until his 
death, 2 August 1922. Cf. memoir in the Supplement to the Reqisteb of April 1923. 

168 Theodore Newton Vail [July 

He was just completing his thirty-third year, when, in the last 
days of June 1878, he took up with confident zeal his new duties in 
• New York City. He gave all his energy and wonderful executive 
abihty to the task of reorganizing the company, improving its 
apparatus, and securing the capital necessary' for its expanding 
business; and to him more than to any other man is due the rapid 
development, the growth in popular favor, and the present general 
use of the telephone. 

The general financial scheme caUed for the formation of local 
companies in towns and cities, the stock in which was to be taken 
in the localities to be served. A percentage of the amounts paid in 
for such stock was to go to the Bell Company for the franchise, 
together with a rental charge for the use of the instruments. The 
Bell Company was reorganized, with a capital of §450,000 and with 
its executive offices in New York. Its officers were : Gardiner Greene 
Hubbard, president; Thomas Sanders, treasurer; Alexander Graham 
Bell, electrician; Thomas A. Watson, general superintendent; 
Theodore N. Vail, general manager. With the exception of Mr. 
j VaU all of these men had been with the telephone from its infancy. 

I The competing company controlled by the Western Union Tele- 

I graph Company was a serious menace to the Bell Company. Thomas 

I A. Edison had made a transmitter that was superior to Bell's, and 

I the Bell Company was able to keep up with its rival only after 

I Francis Blake, Jr.,* of Boston, had invented a transmitter as good 

I as Edison's and had agreed to let the BeU Company have it in 

I exchange for stock. The new transmitter was in use by the autumn 

I of 1878. The Bell Company also attacked its rival in the courts; 

I but in November 1879, after prolonged negotiations, an arrangement 

i for seventeen years was made, by which the Western Union Company 

? recognized BeU as the inventor of the telephone, conceded the 

I validity of his patents, and promised to withdraw from the public 

i telephone business, while the Bell Company agreed to buy the 

I telephone lines of the Western Union, to pay it a royalty, and to 

I ' keep out of the telegraph business. 

j Meanwhile, in February 1879, the Bell Telephone Company had 

been combined with the New England Company to form the National 
Bell Telephone Company, with a capital stock of S850,000. The 
\ offices of the new company were in Boston, and William Hathaway 

; Forbesf of Milton was president. The stock of the new company 

! advanced in the market from SoO a share in the spring of 1879 to 

i $100 a share in November, when the settlement with the Western 

j Union was made. The National Company then secured control of 

! the New York Company, and in ^March 188.0 another reorganization 

I 'A life member of the New England Historic Genealogical Society from 3 April 1912 until 

I his death, 19 January 1913. Cf. memoir in Regisitb, vol. 6S, p. Ixi. 

i t^^illiam Hathaway Forbes. AB. (Harvard, 1S72, as of 1861), was born at Milton, Mass., 

• 1 November 1840, the son of John M. Forbes, the well-known merchant, and died 11 October 

{ 1897. He was a distinguished oflScer in the Civil War, advancing to the rank of lieutenant 

t colonel and undergoing a trying experience in Confederate prisons. He married Edith Emerson, 

S daughter of the Concord philosopher and man of letters, Ralph Waldo Emerson, and among 

their children are William Cameron Forbes, LL.D.. Governor General of the PhiUppine Islands, 
1909-1913, and Edward Waldo Forbes, A.M., Director of the William Haj-es Fogg Art Museum 
at Harvard University. 

1923] Theodore Newton Vail 169 

resulted in the formation of a new company, the American Bell Tele- 
phone Company, which took the place of the National Bell Telephone 
CJompany, but with officers and management unchanged. The new 
company was capitalized at $7,350,000, and the new stock was 
exchanged for that of the National Bell Company on the basis of 
six shares for one. It was issued at par ($100 a share), and by the 
end of 1881 it was selling at 170. 

The new company, like its predecessors, was harassed by attacks 
on the Bell patents. One person after another claimed credit for 
inventing a telephone prior to Bell's achievement or for devising 
essential parts of the apparatus. More than six hundred lawsuits 
were brought against the validity of the patents, but only five of 
them came before the Supreme Court of the United States and the 
BeU Company won them all. 

The improving of the mechanism of the telephone was the work 
of years, and many inventors besides Dr. Bell contributed to it. 
Mr. Vail was constantly seeking for and installing new devices for 
better service. Having proved the practicability of the telephone 
for short-distance conversations, he soon began experimenting with 
long-distance calls. A line between Boston and Providence was 
made to work successfully, and in 1884 service between Boston and 
New York was opened and a great future for long-distance com- 
munication was assured. 

Meanwhile a more efficient operation of the telephone service in 
New England had been brought abdut by the organization, in 
October 1883, of the New England Telephone & Telegraph Company, 
which at the present time, as an associated company of the Bell 
System, carries on the telephone service in all the New England 
States except Connecticut. Until 1883 the active operation of 
telephone lines in New England had been in the hands of a large 
niunber of small companies, except in the city of Boston, where the 
business had been conducted directly by the American Bell Telephone 
Company. The new company took over the business of the American 
Bell Company in Boston and of numerous other companies through- 
out the territory involved, and Mr. Vail, on 31 October 1883, became 
its first president. 

Mr. Vail's health, however, began to suffer from the strain imposed 
by his many duties; and in September 1885 he resigned the general 
management of the American Bell Telephone Company and the 
presidency of the New England Company, but accepted the presi- 
dency of a new organization, the American Telephone & Telegraph 
Company, which was incorporated in that year under the laws of 
the State of New York and was established especially to develop 
long-distance communication. But soon it became apparent that 
further relief from business cares was necessary, and on 19 September 
1887 he withdrew from the presidency of this new company, although 
he retained his interests in the telephone business. Nearly twenty 
years were to elapse before he returned to the field of active telephone 
management, a period partly of rest and recreation and partly of 
new enterprises, of financial losses at home, and of financial success 
in distant lands. Meanwhile he was always ready to give his financial 

170 Theodore Newton Vail (July- 

support to the development of any promising invention, and he 
organized many stock companies, from which oftentimes he derived 
no financial returns but rather suffered serious losses. 

During the six months or more that the executive offices of the 
Bell Telephone Company had been in New York, Mr. Vail had 
resided in New Jersey. The first abode of his family in Boston, 
whither he came in 1879, on the formation of the National Bell 
Telephone Company, was a boarding house in West Chester Park, 
now a part of Massachusetts Avenue. Later he rented a house on 
Townsend Street, Roxbury, and in June 1881 purchased a large 
house with extensive grounds — the Chadwick place — on Walnut 
Avenue, Roxbury. This new home was adorned with all the furnish- 
ings of wealth and luxury; paintings, statuary, books, prints, 
autographs, and all sorts of bric-a-brac were gradually accumulated 
there; and in the stables were kept blooded horses that it was his 
especial delight to drive. The house became also the home of his 
nearest relatives, his parents and some of his sisters. His father died 
in 1885; but his mother survived her husband by many years, went 
to live in Flatbush, N. Y., with her married daughter Mary, wife of 
Dr. William S. Applegate, after the house at Roxbiuy had been given 
up by her son, and died at Flatbush^S February 1894. In his Roxbury 
home Mr. Vail was able to indulge without stint in what had been 
from early manhood one of his greatest pleasures, that of enter- 
taining with lavish hospitality his numerous friends. 

In 1883 Mr. Vail acquired also an estate in the country. He 
bought an old-fashioned Vermont farmhouse, with 250 acres of 
land, on the Passumpsic River, near Lyndonville, a few miles above 
St. Johnsbury , fitted it up for a summer home, and named it Speedwell 
Farms, thus transplanting to Vermont a name that had already 
I travelled from New Jersey to the prairies of Iowa, in, the service of 

I the Vail family. He stocked it with horses and cattle, and j'ear after 

\ year made alterations and additions to the original farmhouse and 

I to the farm buildings and purchased more land, until Speedwell 

j Farms became a wonderful country place of some 2500 acres. 

I Hither he brought later many of the treasures of his Roxbury house, 

and his collection of books and autographs was almost without a 
rival in New England. Here, too, he not only entertained his friends 
and business associates on a most liberal scale, with coaching parties, 
musical performances, and other festivities, but he also interested 
himself in the welfare of the community, subscribed at the very start 
$2000 towards reconstructing and refitting the Ljmdon Literary and 
I Biblical Institute, which was situated at Lyndon Centre and had 

; been closed for lack of funds, and of which he became a trustee, 

I provided for the building of good roads in the township of Ljmdon, 

I and was most hospitable to his neighbors, especially the children, 

s for whom parties were given at least once a month in all seasons. 

\ He identified himself besides with the business development of that 

ipart of Vermont, became a director in the Passumpsic Railroad and 
in local banks, and joined with others in establishing the Lyndonville 
- Creamery. 

\ Part of his recreation was now found in yachting and in travel and 

1923] Theodore Newton Vail 171 

residence abroad. In 1887 he bought a two-masted yacht, the 

Noma, and took many of his friends with him in cruises along the 

coast and in the Sound. In 1888 he went abroad with his wife and 

son, and planned to spend the ensuing winter in Venice; but he was 

called home from Venice by the financial difficulties in which one of 

his companies, which was trying to introduce a, system of hot-water 

heating in Boston, had become involved, and his losses in this venture 

were so great that he sold his ya"cht and his Roxbury house and made 

Speedwell Farms his only home. His health remaining impaired, he 

spent the winter of 188&-90, with his wife, in Italy and Sicily, 

travelled in Germany, France, and England in the following spring 

and summer, and settled down in Paris for the winter of 1890-91. 

There he enjoyed the social life of the French capital and pursued 

i the study of the French language, in which he acquired the ability 

to read with ease works of fiction. The summer of 1891 was spent 

in the Channel Islands, and the following winter (1891-92) again in 

Paris. Then Mr. and Mrs. Vail returned to Speedwell Farms, his 

I health having been much improved by his prolonged stay in Europe. 

i About two years later Mr. Vail was persuaded to imdertake the 

I developing of electric power and the financing of street railways in 

I the Argentine Republic. In February 1895 he sailed for South 

;' America via England, and began to buUd a power plant at Cordoba, 

I four or five hundred miles inland from Buenos Aires. This was 

i followed by the electrifying and extending of the street railways in 

I Buenos Aires and the introduction there of the best cars made in 

] the United States. These projects occupied much of his time and 

1 attention imtil 1907, when he sold his South American interests to 

J ' a Belgian company in Buenos Aires for more than §3,000,000. 

] While he was conducting these enterprises, he had occasion to make 

i frequent trips to England, where he had the support of capitalists 

I in his plans, and he usually spent the northern winter in Buenos 

I Aires and the northern summer at Speedwell Farms. 

I In 1907 Mr. Vail was induced to resume the active management of 

'; the affairs of the American Telephone & Telegraph Company, which 

I was then experiencing somewhat of a decline in its prosperity. In 

the nineties independent companies had sprung up, especially in the 

West, after the BeU patents had expired; and there began to arise a 

popular outcry against what was called the "monopoly" held by the 

American Telephone & Telegraph Company, into which in 1900 the 

American Bell Telephone Company was merged. Therefore, on the 

resignation of President Fish, Mr. Vail was made president of the 

Telephone & Telegraph Company, and his election as such was 

announced on 1 May 1907. Six years previously he had refused an 

offer of this position, being then occupied with his South American 

undertakings. The offices of the Company were now removed from 

Boston to New York. 

Under Mr. Vail's leadership the American Telephone & Telegraph 

Company was strengthened and went through the storm of a financial 

panic uniiarmed. Many independent companies were taken into the 

, larger organization, and the telephone lines throughout the whole 

country were brought in great measure under a single control. The 

.172 Theodore Newton Vail [July 

field of long-distance communication also was rapidly extended. 
In the autumn of 1892 the long-distance lines had reached Chicago, 
and visitors at the World's Fair in the following year were able to 
carry on telephone conversations with New York and Boston. By 
1911 a line between New York and Denver was in operation, and on 
25 January 1915 telephone coromunication between New York and 
San Francisco was opened with appropriate ceremonies. 

Another important plan for serving the public which had long been 
in Mr. Vail's mind had already been carried out. The American 
Telephone & Telegraph Company had acquired a controlHng interest 
in the Western Union Telegraph Company, and in 1909 Mr. Vail 
became president of the latter company, while retaining his presi- 
dency of the Telephone Company. The service rendered by the 
Western Union Company was much improved by its new president, 
and the now familiar night letters, day letters, and cable letters were 
introduced at this time. But this afl&liation of the two companies 
was of short duration. The United States Government held that the 
single control of the telegraph and telephone lines was contrary to 
the anti-trust laws, and in 1913 the Telephone Company disposed of 
its holdings of Western Union stock and Mr. VaU resigned the 
Western Union presidency. 

Another project that received serious attention from Mr. Vail in 
the later years of his presidency of the Telephone Company was the 
introduction of the wireless telephone. The problem of the Telephone 
Company was to devise and install a workable system of wireless 
\ telephoning before outsiders could make good their claims that the 

S wireless telephone would make obsolete the method of talking by 

I wires and would drive the American Telephone & Telegraph Company 

I . out of business. In spite of the difficulties in experimenting restdting 

I from conditions imposed by the war in Europe, the work was carried 

i on successfully in secret by the electrical experts of. the Telephone 

I Company, and on 29 September 1915 President Vail, in his office 

I in New York City, talked with Mare Island in California, his voice 

I going over the wires to the naval station at Arlington (Washington) 

I and thence through the air to the Pacific coast, and being heard not 

I . only at Mare Island but also at San Diego, the Isthmus of Darien, 

j and even Honolulu. In October Paris also received wireless telephone 

i messages from New York. It was clear to Mr. Vail, however, that the 

! wireless telephone would not supplant but would merely supplement 

the system of communicating by wires. 

On 7 March 1916, on the fortieth anniversary of the first telephone 
patent granted to Alexander Graham Bell, a dinner was given by the 
National Geographic Society in Washington, at which the guests 
were entertained with long-distance conversations by wire with San 
Francisco and with wireless music from New York by way of Arling- 
ton. On this occasion President Vail and Dr. Bell met for the first 
I ' time in more than thirty-five years, and in the course of his speech 

Dr. Bell said: 

j "Away back in the old days I dreamed of wires extending all over the 

I country and of people in one part of America talking to people in another 

I part of America. It was the dream of a dreamer, but Mr. Vail has made it 

i 1923] Theodore Newton Vail 173 

I come true, and to-day we have been witnesses of the fact that there is no 

I part of this continent that is unaccessible to the human voice. Mr. Vail 

I has brought this instrument into every home. What would business be with- 

I out it? It has even gone into warfare and into the trenches" in Europe; in 

I fact, Mr. Vail is evidently trying to make the telephone 'first in war, first 

1 in peace, first in the hearts of IIm countrymen.' " 

I In 1917, on the tenth anniversary of his election to the presidency 

I of the Telephone Company, a gold medal was presented to Mr. Vail, 

I bearing the following inscription: 

! "Presented by his friends and associates in recognition of forty years' 

\ service, 1877-1917, to the Bell Telephone System, as pioneer, builder, coun- 

! sellor, chief, on the tenth anniversary of his election as president of the 

1 American Telephone & Tel^raph Company — April 30, 1917. He made 

neighbors of a hundred million people.'' 

With the entry of the United States into the World War and the 

sending of a vast army of Americans to aid the Allied Powers in their 

struggle against their powerful foes, thousands of employees of the 

American Telephone & Telegraph Company went to France to do 

their part in winning the victory. At midnight on 31 July 1918 the 

United States Government, as a war measure, took control of the 

i telephone lines in the United States, and Postmaster General Burleson 

! called on Mr. Vail to serve as his adviser and counsellor in telephone 

I matters, a request with which Mr. Vail willingly complied. A year 

I later the telephone wires were restored by the Government to the 

I Company, but before that was done Mr. Vail had found it necessary, 

I in June 1919, on account of failing health, to give up the presidency 

-. of the Company, with which, however, he still retained an oflficial 

j connection as chairman of its Board of Directors. Although in the 

t last years of his incumbency of the ofl&ce of president Mr. Vail 'was 

{ . over seventy years old, he was nevertheless the actual managing 

I head of the largest telephone system in the world, a system which 

] numbered more than eleven million telephone subscribers, with over " 

I two hundred thousand employees, and represented an investment of 

; one and a half billion dollars. 

j Mr. Vail's interest in the welfare of the young men of his adopted 

\ State had become greater and greater as the years passed by. In 

1910 he established at Lyndon Centre the Lyndon School of Agri- 
culture, which he aflfiliated with the old Lyndon Literary and Biblical 
Institute; and in March 1915 he gave to the State of Vermont all 
of the Speedwell Farms with their livestock, as the Theodore N. Vail 
Agricultural School and Farms, on condition that the State would 
appropriate yearly an amount sufficient to maintain the estate in 
good condition for school and experimental purposes. He reserved 
to himself only the right to occupy during his lifetime the house and 
its immediate grounds. 

Academic honors were showered upon him in these later years of 
his life. He was admitted to the degree of Doctor of Laws by Dart- 
mouth College in 1911, by Middlebiiry College in 1912, and by 
■ Princeton University and Harvard University in 1915. In this last- 

[ . mentioned year he received also the degree of Doctor of Science 

i from the University of Vermont, and two years later a similar degree 

174 Theodore Newton Vail [July 

from New York University. He was a member of the corporation 
of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, to which he gave a 
large collection of books on electrical subjects; and he was also a 
trustee of the Boston Museum of Fine Arts, a member of numerous 
scientific societies, and a director in a long list of financial and 
industrial organizations. 

Mr. Vail was often spoken of as "the biggest telephone man on 
earth, " a characterization which was true of him physically as well 
as mentally, for he was over six feet in height, and weighed at one 
time nearly two hundred and eighty pounds. The story of his life 
reveals his tremendous energy and capacity both for work and for 
play. He was, withal, among his intimate friends, a man of most 
genial disposition, and continued as long as his health permitted to 
extend his old-time hospitality to his numerous guests at Speedwell 
Farms. In 1912 he bought another yacht, the Speedwell, a three- 
masted craft with auxiliary power, built for deep-sea voyages, and 
he often cruised in southern waters, tarrying sometimes for weeks 
at the Jekyl Island Club, on the Georgia coast, of which he was a 
member. He belonged also to many other city, country, and yacht 
clubs. In politics he was a Republican. 

His first wife, Mrs. Emma Louise (Righter) Vail, died at Speedwell 
Farms 3 February 1905, before her husband had returned from a 
business trip to England. Their only child, Davis Righter Vail, 
was prepared for college at Phillips Academy, Exeter, N. H., entered 
Harvard in the fall of 1889, and received from that university the 
degree of Bachelor of Arts in 1893 and that of Bachelor of Laws in 
1896. In college he was prominent in football and rowing, and rose 
to be captain of the University crew; but his physical condition was 
undoubtedly impaired by his activities in athletics, and after his 
! admission to the New York bar his health gave way under the 

I confinement of work in a law office. He made various journeys for the 

I purpose of regaining his health — to South America, to Europe, to 

) Egypt, and to the southwestern part of the United States, and was 

r about to resume his professional work when he was attacked with 

I typhoid fever and died in New York City, 20 December 1906, before 

I his father could reach home from England. Mr. Vail's household, 

j for a while after his wife's death, consisted of his sister, Mrs. Louise 

j Brainard, a widow, and his niece, Katharine Louise Vail, daughter 

I of his deceased brother Alonzo, who in 1913 was married to Arthur 

AUen Marsters, A.B. (Harvard, 1893), A.M. (ib., 1894), LL.B. 
(New York University, 1898), who entered the employ of the Ameri- 
{ can Telephone & Telegraph Company in 1895 and in 1912 became 

its secretary. On 27 July 1907 Mr. Vail married secondly Miss 
I Mabel Rutledge Sanderson of Brookline, Mass., who survives 

I him. 

I In the latter part of February 1920 Mr. and Mrs. Vail left their 

f apartment in New York for Jekyl Island, travelling as far as Bruns- 

I wick, Ga., by rail. Mr. Vail grew ill on the journey, and, after a 

stay of several weeks at the Island, during which his condition 
became more serious, he was taken in a private car to the Johns 
Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Md., where he arrived on 11 April. 

1923] Rev. Cyrus Hyde Fay's Record of Marriages 175 

There, on the morning of 16 April 1920, he died, and two days later 
was buried at Parsippany, N. J., where his first wife had been interred. 
In his will Mr. Vail directed that his magnificent library, with its 
rare editions of literary masters, its choice collection of Americana, 
and its autographs and manuscripts, should be given to Morristown, 
N. J., on condition that a suitable building should be erected by the 
Morristown authorities in which the library might be kept. But 
Morristown did not feel able to comply with this condition, and 
some two years after Mr. Vail's death the library was sold at public 



Communicated by Chahles Ehnest Fat, A.M., Litt.D., of Tufts College, Mass. 

[Concluded from page 153] 

I In this city,* Nov. 13, 1853, Mr. George H. Page of New York City and Miss 

I Frances E. Crabtree of Nashua. 

I In this city, Nov. 23, 1853, Mr. Leonard Winslow and Miss Emeline T. 

I Morse, both of Biddeford, Me. 

I In this city, Nov. 24, 1853, Mr. George J. Robinson of Boston, Mass., and 

■J Miss Sarah L. Smith of Salem, Mass. 

f In this city, Dec. 4, 1853, Mr. Wm. Hutchinson of Billerica, Mass., and Miss 

i Eliza J. Smith of Hudson. 

I In this city, Dec. 13, 1853, Mr. John Bedell of Washington, D. C, and Miss 

•! Mary Augusta Boweis of Nashua. 

I In this city, Dec. 29, 1853, Mr. Jessee Nichols of Weare and Miss Helen J. 

I Johnson of Manchester. 

I In this city, Jan. 2, 1854, Mr. Ira Stickney and Miss Frances C. Wentworth, 

I both of Lowell, Mass. 

i In this city, Jan. 5, 1854, Mr. George S. Tyler and Miss Mary L. B. Hay, 

I both of Nashua. 

I In this city, Jan. 28, 1854, Mr. William P. Butler and Miss Sarah A. Daniels, 

[ both of Natick, Mass. 

i In this city, Feb. 28, 1854, Mr. James Badger and Miss Mildred M. Gutter- 

son, both of Milford. 
In this city, Apr. 12, 1854, Mr. Otis Whipple and Miss Amanda M. Coomes, 

both of Nashua. 
In this city, Apr. 12, 1854, Mr. Horace Chase and Miss Ester Hill, both of 

In this city, Apr. 19, 1854, Mr. John G. Wilder of Fitchbiu-g, M^., and 

Miss Ruth Frost of Lowell, Mass. 
In this city, Apr. 26, 1854, Mr. Wm. G. Hurd of Owego, N. Y., and Miss 

I EUzabeth R. Wyman of Nashua. 

In this city. May 31, 1854, Mr. Lincoln Parkhurst and Miss Eliza Ann 
Pratt, both of Fitchbing, Mass. 

; In this city. May 31, 1854, Mr. Andrew J. Roberts and Miss Sarah J. Greer, 

both of Goffstown. 

- *Id this and the following entries, as far as and including the entry of Sept. 12, 1855, the words 
"this city" refer to Nashua, N. H. 

176 Rev. Cyrus Hyde Fay's Record of Marriages {July 

In this city, June 8, 1854, Mr, Johnson Noyes of Haverhill, Mass., and Mrs. 

Louisa M. Macy of Nashua. 
In this city, June 8, 1854, Mr. Nelson G. Eastman and Miss Adelaide N. 

Gerald, both of Milford. 
In this city, June 8, 1854, Mr. Charles R. McClary and Miss Elizabeth M. 

Boutelle of Antrim. 
In this city, July 1, 1854, Mr. James G. Allbe and Miss Sarah Jones, both 

of Nashua. 
In this city, July 1, 1854, Mr. James M. Eaton of Fitchburg, Mass., and 

Miss Nancy Valentine of South Gardner, Mass. 
In this city, July 1, 1854, Mr. Arnold Thrasher and Mrs. Delia F. Cady, 

both of Nashua. 
In this city, July 2, 1854, Mr. Henry M. Pillsbury and IVIiss Sophia Myrick, 

both of Nashua. 
In this city, July 3, 1854, Mr. Benjamin W. Burt and Miss Elizabeth F. 

Warren, both of Nashua. 
In this city, July 29, 1854, Mr. Wilson Dorr and Miss Roxanna S. Wheeler, 

both of Nashua. 
In this city, Sept. 10, 1854, Mr. Cyrus H. Colbum, aged 28 years, and Miss 

Mercy Burrows, aged 23 years, both of Tyngsborough, Mass. 
In this city, Sept. 28, 1854, Mr. Ezra C. Eastman and Miss Araienia Dear- 
bom, both of Weare. 
In this city, Oct. 4, 1854, Air. A. M. Eastman of East Cambridge, Mass., 

aged 24 years, and Miss H. I. Davis of Nashua, aged 24 years. 
In this city, Oct. 22, 1854, Mr. Leonard R. Brown, aged 22 years, and Miss 

Lucia E. Pabner, aged 19 years, both of Nashua. 
In this city, Oct. 31, 1854, Mr. Franklin L. Keyes of Holdemess and Miss 

Eliza Hay of Nashua. 
In this city, Nov. 3, 1854, Mr. George E. Thompson, aged 20, and Miss 

Eliza Blanding, 17, both of Nashua. 
In this city, Nov. 3, 1854, Mr. Wm. R. Blanding, aged 21, of this city, and 

Miss Adaline Barrett, 19 years, of Washington, N. H. 
In this city, Nov. 28, 1854, Mr. George W. Hands, aged 25 years, and Miss 

Ellen D. Cook, aged 19 years, both of Nashua. 
In Merrimac, Nov. 30, 1854, Mr. Arthur G. Parker and Miss Lavina M. 

Frost, both of Nashua. 
In this city, Nov. 30, 1854, Mr. Arlon M. Cook, aged 26, and Miss Sarah J. 

Adams, aged 17 years, both of Deny. 
In this city, Dec. 16, 1854, Mr. John L. Mattoon, aged 23, and Miss Isabella 

F. Whitcomb, aged 17, both of Nashua. 
In this city, Jan. 2, 1855, Mr. Benjamin F. Cotton, aged 30 years, and Misa 

Lydia Ann Harris, aged 22 years, both of Nashua. 
In this city, Jan. 3, 1855, Mr. Henry A. Fiske and Miss Sophronia Kidder, 

both of Wilton. 
In this city, Jan. 10, 1855, Mr. A. M. Blanding of Nashua, aged 30 years, 

and Miss Harriet A. Woods of Boylston, Mass., aged 22 years. 
In this city. Mar. 1, 1855, Mr. Augustus Clark of Wilton and Miss Abby M. 

Perham of Lyndeborough. 
In this city, Apr. 4, 1855, Mr. Henry Rufeell, et 29 years, and Mrs. Henrietta 

T. Hosley, et. 31, both of Hollis. 
In this city, Apr. 5, 1855, Mr. Isaac P. Abbot and Miss L. Jane Hutchinson, 

both of Wilton. 
In this city, Apr. 5, 1855, Mr. Jonathan Burbank of Hudson and Miss Ann 

Goodspeed of Litchfield. 
In the City of New York, Apr. 12, 1855, Mr. Eleazer L, Cook (bom in 

Bridgehampton, N. Y., Dec. 10, 1796, by occupation a builder) and 

Mrs. Clarrissa Nash (bom in New York City Mar. 10, 1809). 

1923] Rev. Cyrus Hyde Fay's Record of Marriages 177 

In this city, May 26, 1855, Mr. Freeman J. Woodward, aged 21 years, and 

Miss Eliza J, Eaton, aged 19 years, both of Nashua. 
In this city, May 26, 1855, Mr. George W. Reed, aged 21 years, and Miss 

Sarah J. Balcom, aged 19 years, both of Nashua. 
In this city, June 6, 1855, Mr. David Sargent, aged 21 years, and Miss Mary 

Ann Woodbum, aged 19 years, both of Nashua. 
In this city, June 13, 1855, Mr. M. F. Sprague, aged 37 years, and Miss 

Philinda Ayer, aged 22 years, both of Nashua. 
In this city, July 4, 1855, Mr. George Lufkin and Miss Elmira B. Loud, 

both of Manchester. 
In this city, Aug. 28, 1855, Mr. Ebenezer S. Newton, aged 41 years, and Miss 
Julia H. Tolles, aged 35 years, both of Nashua. 
I > In this city, Sept. 2, 1855, Mr. Wm. M. Stetson of Manchester and Miss 

\ Eliza Jane Merrill of Nashua. 

! In this city, Sept. 3, 1855, Mr. George W. Lang of Boston, aged 24 years, 

and Miss Virginia A. Chatterdon of Michigan, aged 22 years. 
In this city, Sept. 12, 1855, Mr. Charles Turner of Wentworth, aged 27 

years, and Miss Elizabeth K. Goodspeed of Litchfield, aged 22 years. 
In Litchfield, Sept. 30, 1855, Mr. George F. Guild of Boston and Miss Ade 

Marsh of Litchfield. 
In this city,* June 4, 1857, Mr. Lewis L. Crowell and Miss Laura A. Paddock, 
j both of Middletown. 

I In Portland, Oct. 22, 1857, Mr. David S. Williams and Miss Caroline D. 

1 Smith, both of Portland. 

I In Middletown, May 1, 1858, Mr. Robert Herman and Mrs. Maria Hayes 

I Spencer, both of Middletown. 

I In Middletown, June 23, 1858, Mr. William L. Neff of Haddam and Miss 

I Hannah M. Prior of Middletown. 

\ In Rye, Westchester Co., N. Y., Sept. 13, 1858, Mr. Samuel Gage and Mrs. 

* Rachel Elizabeth Webb, both of Stamford, Conn. 

i In this city.t Jan. 10, 1859, Mr. William T. W. Drake of Taunton, Mass., 

i and Miss Charlotte C. Hull of North Providence. 

] In this city (Providence, R. I.), Apr. 4, 1859, Mr. Sampson G. Richmond 

\ and Miss Harriet E. Webster, both of Providence. 

i In this city, Apr. 21, 1859, Mr. Albert Hill and Miss (Mrs.) Isabella Chace, 

! both of Providence. 

'; In this city, Apr. 21, 1859, Mr. Wm. W. Webb and Miss Emeline D. Tibbitts, 

both of Providence, 
j In this city, May 9, 1859, Mr. Horatio N. Avery of Boston, Mass., and Miss 

\ , Charlotte Southworth of Salem, Mass. 

' In this city, May 17, 1859, Mr. Barton A. Ballou and Miss Delia A. Wesley, 

both of Providence. 
In this city, June 2, 1859, Mr. Henry Chaffin of Boston, Mass., and Miss 

Sarah Elizabeth Ahny of Providence. 
In this city, Aug. 9, 1859, Mr. Thomas T. Waite and Miss Ann E. Hopkins, 

both of Providence. 
In this city, Aug. 16, 1859, Mr. Samuel Arnold Briggs of Atlanta, 111., and 

Miss Emily L. Barton of Providence. 
In this city, Sept. 13, 1859, Mr. Calvin J. Adams and Miss Lucy B. Parkis, 

both of Providence. 
In this city, Sept. 25, 1859, Mr. Nathan B. Fisk and Miss Sarah Thompson 
of Douglass, Mass. 

•Middletown, Conn. 

tin this and the following entries, as far aa and including the entry of May 26, 1869, the word 
" this city " refer to Providence. R. I. 

178 Rev. Cyrus Hyde Fay's Record of Marriages [July 

In this city, Oct. 16, 1859, Mr. Thomas J. Hopkins and Miss Susan A. 

Chandler, both of North Scituate. 
In this city, Oct. 20, 1859, Mr. Joseph Abijah Fowler and Miss Carrie E. H. 

Brown, both of Providence. 
In this city, Nov. 9, 1859, Mr. Thomas B. Saunders and Miss Sarah Pettey, 

both of Providence. 
In this city, Nov. 14, 1859, Mr. Charles W. Harris and Miss Hattie F. 

Arnold, both of Providence. 
In this city, Nov. 16, 1859, Mr. Horace M. Peck, Jr., and Miss Mary E, 

Alers, both of Providence. 
In this city, Nov. 22, 1859, Mr. Daniel Hume and Miss Elizabeth Roylance, 

both of North Providence. 
In this city, Dec. 4, 1859, Mr. Henry Wm. Dean and Miss Eliza Baxter, both 

of Providence. 
In this city, Dec. 25, 1859, Mr. Lyman Stone and Miss H. Amanda Morse, 

both of Providence. 
In this city, Jan. 1, 1860, Mr. Joseph N. B. Wesley and Miss Laura C. 

Sayles, both of Providence. 
In this city, Jan. 2, 1860, Mr. George A. Whitford and Miss Amelia E. 

Dennis, both of Providence. 
In this city, Feb. 14, 1860, Mr. Wallace Chilson and Miss Hannah H. 

Kenerson, both of Palmer, Mass. 
In this city. Mar. 22, 1860, Mr. Charles C. Hubbard of Middletown, Conn., 

and Miss Mary A. Blossom of Providence. 
In this city, Apr. 18, 1860, Mr. Thomas H. Brownell of Providence and Miss 

Julia E. Angell of North Providence. 
In this city, Apr. 29, 1860, Mr. Philip D. Pierce and Miss Margaret R. 

Monroe, both of Providence. 
In this city. May 1, 1860, Mr. Sterry L. Fry of North Providence and Miss 

Susan A. Fenner of Coventry. 
In this city (Providence), May 13, 1860, Mr. Wm. H. Allen and Mrs. Mary 

E. Howard, both of Smithfield, R. I. 
May 21, 1860, Mr. Wm. E. Remington of Warwick and Miss Caroline A. 

Green of North Providence. 
In Roxbury, Mass., May 31, 1860, Mr. Curtis Black and Mrs. Anna H. 

Hodgdon, both of Roxbury. 
In this city, June 20, 1860, Mr. Leander T. Johnson and Miss Marion F. 

Williams, both of Providence. 
In this city, June 25, 1860, Mr. Joseph C. Gage and Miss Annie Norton, 

both of Providence. 
In this city, July 1, 1860, Mr. Andrew J. Fenner and Miss Mary McKinnion, ' 

both of Fall River, Mass. 
In this city, July 4, 1860, Mr. Moses B. Cheney and Miss Helen V. Stone, 

both of Cranston. 
In North Bridgewater, Mass., Aug. 5, 1860, Mr. Portus B. Hancock and 

Miss Sarah W. Hayward, both of North Bridgewater. 
In this city, Sept. 23, 1860, Mr. Hermann Dexter and Miss Maria Potter, 

both of Providence. 
In this city, Sept. 25, 1860, Mr. Aaron S. Drake of Stoughton, Mass., and 

Mrs. Irene P. Roimsvill of Freetown, Mass. 
In this city, Oct. 7, 1860, Mr. S. Allen Brightman of Providence and Miss 

Laura L. Keyes of Ellsworth, Me. 
In this city, Oct. 7, 1860, Mr. George Edwin Mathewson and Miss Amey 

Ann Sprague, both of Providence. 
In this city, Oct. 17, 1860, Mr. Ezra James Hubbard and Miss Mary E. 

Saunders, both of Providence. 

1923] Rev. Cyrus Hyde Fay's Record of Marriages 179 

In this city, Oct, 24, 1860, Mr. John Edward Men and Miss Susan Frances 

Howland, both of Providence. 
In this city, Oct. 24, 1860, Mr. Joseph A. Himes and Miss Harriet S. Paine, 

both of Woonsocket. 
In this city, Nov. 10, 1860, Mr. Sheldon Williams and Miss Caroline M. Cole, 

both of North Scituate. 
In this city, Nov. 13, 1860, Mr. George S. Karnes of Philadelphia, Pa., and 

Mrs. Ann Louisa Morse of Providence. 
In this city, Nov. 19, 1860, Mr. John McKalvey and Mrs. Bridget Harring- 
\ ton, both of Providence. 

1 In this city, Nov. 21, 1860, Mr. Henry R. Reed of Boston, Mass., and Miss 

I Annie E. Crehore of Milton, Mass. 

I In this city, Nov. 28, 1860, Mr. Charies M. Peirce, Jr., of New Bedford, 

! Mass., and Miss Amanda E. Hill of Providence. 

1 In this city, Dec. 17, 1860, Mr. John P. Peck and Miss ^Mary A. Brown, 

both of Coventry. 
In this city, Dec. 23, 1860, Mr. James F. Comesett and ]Mrs. Mary M. 

Hopkins, both of Woonsocket. 
In this city, Dec. 26, 1860, Mr. Wm. H. Esty and Miss Amanda M. Rathbum, 
i both of Blackstone, Mass. 

I In this city, Dec. 30, 1860, Mr. James W. Hayward and Miss Carrie M. 

I Leary, both of Providence. 

I In this city, Dec. 31, 1860, Mr. Wm. H. Hedly and IVIiss Joanna T. Potter, 

I both of Providence. 

I In this city, Jan. 24, 1861, Mr. Charles Henry Cowell and Miss Susan 

I Amanda Peck, both of Providence. 

I In this city. Mar. 8, 1861, Mr. George H. B. Divoll and Miss Mary Ann 

I CarroU, both of Pawtucket. 

I Tt> tliJo ni'tir Ayfo^ Ofi 18R1 ATi. 


In this city. Mar. 28, 1861, Mr. Joseph A. Willis and Miss Melvina W. 

Scribner, both of Boston, Mass. 
In Woonsocket, Mar. 30, 1861, Mr. Leander White and Miss Harriet Sulli- 

- van, both of Blackstone, Mass. 
In this city, Apr. 4, 1861, Mr. Joseph Hojrt and Mrs. Margaret Ann Rickford, 

both of Newburyport, Mass. 
In this city, Apr; 25, 1861, Mr. Charles A. Tenney of Worcester, Mass., and 

Miss Emeline P. Webster of Providence. 
In this city. May 19, 1861, Mr. John E. Ogden of Pawtucket and Miss Louise 

R. Giimore of Wrentham, Mass. 
In Cranston, Aug. 12, 1861, Mr. Wm. L. Chase of Cranston and Miss Mary J. 

Tyler of West Greenwich. 
In this city, Sept. 10, 1861, Mr. Franklin Hardenburgh and ^liss Oriana 

F. Marshall, both of Boston, Mass. 
In this city, Oct. 5, 1861, Mr. George Hixon of Boston, Mass., and Mrs. 

Mary Cargill of New London, Conn. 
In this city, Nov. 27, 1861, Mr. Joseph W. Lewis of Providence and Miss 

Annie E. Snow of Chicago, 111. 
In this city, Dec. 9, 1861, Mr. Thomas J. Hill of Warwick and Miss Olive L. 

Famham of Providence. 
In this city, Dec. 14, 1861, Mr. William Henry Wightman and Miss Jane 

White, both of Reading, Mass. 
In this city, Dec. 17, 1861, Mr. Ira Olney of North Providence and Miss 

Carolme Thurber of Providence. 
In this city, Dec. 19, 1861, Mr. Wm. H. Crins and Miss Marion B. Whipple, 

both of Providence. 
In this city, Dec. 29, 1861, Mr. Henry P. Aylsworth and Nancy T. Slocum, 

both of Providence. 


180 ' Rev. Cyrus Hyde Fay's Record of Marriages [July 

In this city, Jan. 1, 1862, Mr. Amos W. Lane of Pawtucket and Mrs. Ann 

Maria Bassett of Smithfield (Central Falls). 
In this city, Jan. 1, 1862, Mr. Bainbridge A. "WTiitcomb of Providence and 

Mjss Mary M. Smith of Chicago, ill. 
In this city, Jan. 28, 1862, Mr. Emor H. Mowry of Providence and Miss 

Amanda M. Slocum of Smithfield. 
In this city, Apr. 30, 1862, Mr. Wm. W. Read of Providence and Miss 

Carrie A. TUley of Newport. 
In this city. May 5, 1862, Mr. Benjamin Buffum of Uxbridge, Mass., and 

Mrs. Ester M. Warren of Providence. 
In this city, July 21, 1862, Mr. Ezra Perry Lyon and Miss Sarah Young 

Pike, both of Providence. 
In this city, July 21, 1862, Mr. Jacob Ruoff and Miss Emma M. Becker, 

both of Providence. 
In this city, Aug. 2, 1862, Mr. Lyman M. TiUison of Boston, Mass., and 

Miss Delia Russell of Canada. 
In this city, Aug. 12, 1862, Mr. Wm. Hallyburton of North Providence and 

Mrs. Eliza&th S. Hor of Pawtucket. 
In this city, Aug. 14, 1862, Mr. John M. Dodge and Miss BLannah J. Fay, 
I both of Upton, Mass. 

I In this city, Sept. 5, 1862, Mr. Martin Sanford and Mrs. Sarah Rhodes, both 

1 of Cranston. 

I In this city, Sept. 28, 1862, Mr. Wm. H. Gibbs and Miss Annie E. Howland, 

I both of Providence. 

I In this city, Sept. 30, 1862, Mr. Samuel D. Bowen of Coventry and Miss 

I Carolme S. Dawley of West Greenwich. 

I In this city, Oct. 11, 1862, Mr. George Boon and Miss Ann A. Yoimg, both 

I of Providence. 

1 In this city, Oct. 13, 1862, Mr. Samuel Carr and Mrs. Mary Jane Randall, 

I both of Providence. 

I In this city, Oct. 13, 1862, Mr. Frank A. Flagg and Miss Martha E. Barrows, 

>^ both of Worcester, Mass. 

I In this city, Oct. 16, 1862, Mr. Charles Henry Sherman of San Francisco, 

I Calif., and Miss Lucy Maria Whipple of Providence. 

I In this city, Oct. 19, 1862, :Mr. Emanuel Price of Providence and Miss 

I Amanda M. Richardson of South Providence. 

I In Coventry, Oct. 28, 1862, Mr. Charles Fordom Pease of Boston, Mass., 

' and Rfiss Harriet Johnson Anthony of Coventry. 

In this city, Nov. 17, 1862, Mr. Galen Poole, Jr., and Mrs. Lizzie S. Allen, 

both of Boston, Mass. 
In this city, Dec. 10, 1862, Mr. Samuel Gordon of Manchester, N. H., and 

Miss Nellie Foster of Providence. 
In this city, Dec. 27, 1862, Mr. Francis T. Knight and Miss Annie E. Cnrffs, 

both of Thompson, Conn. 
In this city, Jan. 1, 1863, Mr. Henry F. Johnson and Miss EsteUa S. Campbell, 
both of Providence. 
I In this city, Jan. 1, 1863, Mr. Joseph F. Blood and Miss Mary E. Jenks, 

1 both of Providence. 

j In this city, Jan. 9, 1863, Mr. Lloyd G. Evans of Easton, Mass., and Miss 

\ Harriet L. Rogers of Norton, Mass. 

In this city, Jan. 12, 1863, IMr. Wm. H. Monroe and Miss Elvira C. Baker, 
both of Providence, 
i In this city, Jan. 22, 1863, Mr. John A. Hamilton and Miss Mary Elizabeth 

I Prentice, both of Providence. 

In this city, Feb. 14, 1863, Mr. (Capt.) Sanford Terrell of City Island and 
Mrs. Sarah Tilewood of Pro\'idence. 

1923] Rev. Cyrus Hyde Fay's Record of Marriages 181 

In this city, Mar. 21, 1863, Mr. Wm. Henry Torek of Hanover, Germany, 

and Miss Catharine Sheridan of Providence. 
In this city, Mar. 26, 1863, Mr. J. Bradford Rlason of Providence and Miss 

Carrie Bates of Wrentham, Mass. 
In this city, Apr. 23, 1863, Mr. John E. Brown of Chicago, 111., and Miss 

Mary E. Luther of Providence. 
In this city, Apr. 24, 1863, Mr. Edward Hoffman of Providence and Mrs. 

Charlotte Varian of New York City. 
In Smithfield, June 17, 1863, Mr. Charles Edwin Harris of Providence and 

Miss Sarah Amanda Smith of Snaithfield. 
In this city, Sept. 1, 1863, Mr. James P. Taylor of Brookline, Mass., and 

Miss Sophronia Higgins of Orleans, Mass. 
In this city, Sept. 4, 1863, Rev. L. L. Briggs of Philadelphia, Pa., and Miss 

Mary T. Howarth of Providence. 
In this city, Nov. 4, 1863, Mr. Artemas B. Myrick and Miss JuUa Eveleth, 

both of Providence. 
In this city, Nov. 15, 1863, Mr. William Ellery Millard and Miss Abbie F. 

Hobart, both of Providence. 
In this city, Nov. 23, 1863, Mr. James H. Price of Smithfield, R. I., and 

Miss Amey A. West of Centredale, North Providence. 
In this city, Dec. 15, 1863, Mr. Henry W. Patt and Miss Emily L. Scott, 

both of Providence. 
In this city, Dec. 16, 1863, Mr. Robert M. Luckis and Miss Margaret Carroll, 

both of Boston, Mass. (The bride was bom in Pictou, Nov. [i.e.. Nova 

In this city, Dec. 20, 1863, Mr. George A. Britton of North Providence and 

Miss Meriby M. Dennis of Providence. 
In this city, Dec. 31, 1863, Mr. John B. Cooke and Mrs. Hannah M. Barnard, 

both of Providence. 
In this city, Dec. 31, 1863, Mr. Roland R. Kelly of North Weare, N, H., 

and Miss Clementine Wesley of Providence. 
In this city, Jan. 5, 1864, Mr. Jabez Lord and Mrs. Mary Elizabeth Learned, 

both of Providence. 
In this city, Feb. 3, 1864, Mr. Joseph S. Winsor of Providence and Mrs. 

Carolme F. Mowry of North Providence. 
In this city, Feb. 9, 1864, Mr. William H. Watson of Boston, Mass., and 

Miss Mary E. Giles of Sanbornton, N. H. 
In this city. Mar. 1, 1864, Mr. Charles Ernest Otto Gerlach and Miss 

Catherine Louisa Maeller, both of Providence. 
In this city. Mar. 3, 1864, Mr. Squire Livsey and Miss CeUa Anna Osbrey, 

both of Providence. 
In this city, Mar. 21, 1864, Mr. Forrest B. Chamberlain of Lawrence, IMass., 

and Miss Nancy J. SneU of Providence. 
In this city, Apr. 17, 1864, Mr. Walter Scott and Miss Anna Kelly,* both of 

In this city, Apr. 26, 1864, Mr. Naaman Wallace WithereU and Miss Carrie 

Eliza Marden, both of Providence. 
In this city. May 1, 1864, Mr. John E. King of Obieyville and Miss (Mrs.?) 

EUene M. Barnes of South Providence. 
In this city, May 3, 1864, Mr. Charles Alexander Gerlach and Miss JuHanna 

Carolina Rohrmann, both of Providence. 
In this city. May 10, 1864, Mr. Charles Muller of Providence and Miss 

Gertrude Berden of Albany, N. Y. 
In this city. May 31, 1864, Mr. Thomas Broughton and Miss Bridget 

Monichan, both of Cranston. (The groom bom Blackburn, Eng. The 

bride in Pomroy, Ireland.) 

•Had been divorced, but tcx)k her maiden name. [This note is by Rev. Dr. Fa}'.] 

182 Rev. Cyrus Hyde Fay's Record of Marriages [July 

In this city, June 20, 1864, Mr. Moses 0. Darling (1st. Ldeut.) and Miss 

Mattie Gordon, both of Providence. 
In this city, July 3, 1864, Mr. Jesse K. Webster of Canton, Mass., and Miss 

Eliza T. Stone of Providence. (I married this couple about 1 o'clock, 

this, Sunday morning.) The groom 19 years, bride 16 years. 
In this city, July 4, 1864, Mr. Peter McClarance and Miss Anne Kelley, 

both of River Point. 
'In this city, July 12, 1864, Mr. James A. Cook and Miss Mary B. Morse, 

both of Natick, Mass. 
In this city, July 27, 1864, Mr. Fayette S. Robinson and Mrs. Elizabeth F. 

Johnson, both of Boston, Mass. 
In this city, July 31, 1864, Mr. John Van Valkenbury of New York and Miss 

Mary Ann Moldoon of Providence. 
In this city, Aug. 8, 1864, Mr. Joseph Field Langley and Mrs. CaroUne 

Amelia Little, both of Newport. 
In this city, Aug. 11, 1864, Mr. Manville Cushing and Miss Susan White, 

both of Weymouth, Mass. 
In this city, Aug. 14, 1864, I^Ir. Armand Despr^s of New York and Miss 

Eugenie Gilbest [?] of Providence. 
In this city, Sept. 22, 1864, Mr. Charles Theodore Peterson and Miss Mary 

Annie Scott, both of Providence. 
In this city, Sept. 23, 1864, Mr. Charles Thomas King and Miss PhUena 

Hepsibah Locke, both of Phenix (Warwick). 
Oct. 4, 1864, Mr. Charles Whitney Reed of New York City and Miss Susan 

H. Allen of Providence. 
In this city, Oct. 9, 1864, Mr. Thomas Mitchell Harker and Miss Christina 

Anderson, both of Providence. 
In this city, Oct. 10, 1864, Mr. James Martin Allen and Mrs. Janet Perkins, 

both of Pawtucket. 
In this city, Oct. 12, 1864, Mr. Charles Edward Thayer (student of Brown 

University) of Mendon, Mass., and Miss Sarah Margaret Brown of 

Uxbridge, Mass. 
In this city, Oct. 25, 1864, Mr. Gustavus Adolphus Williamson and Miss 

Harriet Shade Esterbrooks, both of Providence. 
In this city, Oct. 27, 1864, Samuel Tjier Shattuck and Miss Sarah Elizabeth 

Osborne, both of Providence. 
In this city, Nov. 8, 1864, Mr. Henry E. Corbin of Franklin, Mass., and Miss 

Carrie A. Barney of Rehoboth, Mass. 
In this city, Nov. 9, 1864, Mr. Norman Leslee McCausland and Miss Ann 

Eliza HuU, both of Providence. 
In this city, Nov. 10, 1864, Mr. George Hartman Finckh of New York City 

and Miss Louisa Gerlach of Providence. 
In this city, Nov. 17, 1864, Mr. Samuel Hallett Mathison of Chicago, 111., 

and Miss Sarah Frances Nichols of Providence. 
In this city, Nov. 20, 1864, Mr. George Arthur Olmsted of Providence and 

Miss Mary Murphey of Pawtucket. 
In this city, Nov. 20, 1864, Mr. Robert Ezekiel Smith and Miss Sarah 

Adelaide Hayward, both of Providence. 
In this city, Nov. 24, 1864, ]Mr. Henry Harrison Robinson of Raynham, 

Mass., and Miss Emma Jane Lincoln of Taunton, Mass. 
In this city, Nov. 29, 1864, Mr. Joseph M. Levy of Baltimore, Md., and 

Mrs. Mary I. Hastings of Providence. 
In this city, Jan. 1, 1865, Rlr. Henry Myers and Miss Ellen BoUman, both 

of Providence. 
In this city, Jan. 2, 1865, Mr. Wm. Henry Luther and ^liss Mary Emily 

Blanding, both of Providence. 

1923] Rev. Cyrus Hyde Fay's Record of Marriages 183 

In this city, Jan. 17, 1865, Mr. Joseph Andrew Baker of Providence and Misa 

Ann Elizabeth MaSfield of Bristol. 
In this city, Apr. 5, 1865, Mr. John B. Lesieur, Jr., and Mrs. Christiana 

Spear Gale, both of New York City. 
In this city, Apr. 5, 1865, Mr. Albert V. Goudailler of New York City and 

Miss Laura Isidora Curtis of Providence. 
In this city. May 11, 1865, Mr. Job Shaw and Miss Emily Harris Browne, 

both of Providence. 
In Elmwood, May 20, 1865, Mr. Cornelius Mahony Capron and Miss Eliza 

Ann Winsor, both of Centerdale (North Providence). 
In this city. May 22, 1865, Mr. Cutting Stevens Calef and Miss Anna Gene 

Sandes, both of Providence. 
In this city, June 1, 1865, Mr. Edward Laird of Providence and Miss Annie 

Althea Gifford of New Bedford, Mass. 
In this city, June 3, 1865, Mr. John Thomas Lewis of Providence (from 

Wales) and Mrs. Mary MacGregor of Providence (from Scotland). 
In this city, June 6, 1865, Mr. Charles Fox GriflSn and Miss Phebe Amanda 

Manchester, both of Providence. 
In this city, June 12, 1865, Mr. Godfrey Moffitt of Newport and Miss 

Amanda Malvina Hoxsie of Providence. 
In this city, Jime 15, 1865, Mr. Duncan Campbell and Miss Adalaide Frances 

Adams, both of Providence. 
In this city, June 22, 1865, Mr. George Steere and Miss Emma Frances 

Daniels, both of Providence. 
In this city, Jime 23, 1865, Mr. Jefferson Appleton Smith, Jr., and Miss 

Ellen Mathewson, both of Providence. 
In this city, July 10, 1865, Mr. Darius Edward Baker and Mrs. Eliza Rundall 

Brown, both of Providence. 
In this city, Aug. 15, 1865, Mr. Dean Smith Linnell, Jr., and Miss Abby 

Sophronia Williams, both of Providence. 
In this city, Aug. 17, 1865, Mr. John William Tharp and Miss Anne Bridget 

Clark, both of Providence. 
In this city, Aug. 29, 1865, Mr. William Liming of Philadelphia, Pa., and 

Elizabeth Thayer of Bristol, R. I. 
In this city, Sept. 5, 1865, Mr. Jesse Potter Eddy of North Providence and 

Miss Josephine Agusta Wilbur of Providence. 
In this city, Sept. 16, 1865, Mr. Henry Brooks and Mrs. Maria Booth, both 

of Obeyville, R. I. 
In this city, Oct. 3, 1865, Mr. Charles Lasell of Providence and Miss Susan 

Maria WUlard of South Providence. 
In this city, Oct. 5, 1865, Mr. Thomas Webster Potter and Miss Isabell 

Elizabeth Morse, both of Warwick, R. I. 
In this city, Oct. 14, 1865, Mr. Charles Doane Humphrey and Miss Christina 

' Rowlson Smith, both of Providence. 
In this city, Oct. 18, 1865, Mr. Samuel Taylor Damon and Miss Lydia Ann 

Phipps, both of Boston, Mass. 
In this city, Oct. 19, 1865, Mr. William Henry Reynolds and Miss Mary 

Emma Witherell, both of Providence. 
In this city, Oct. 26, 1865, Mr. Charles Henry Newell of Boston, Mass., and 

Miss Isabel Spencer West of Providence. 
In this city, Nov. 1, 1865, Mr. Thomas Parker Marshall and Miss Olive Jane 

Cole, both of Providence. 
In this city, Nov. 16, 1865, Mr. William Henry Harrison Gibbs and Miss 

Delia Walford, both of Providence. 
In this city, Nov. 21, 1865, Mr. William Clark Kenyon and Miss Mary 

Louisa Seaver, both of Providence. 

184 Rev. Cyrus Hyde Fay's Record of Marriages [July 

In this city, Nov. 28, 1865, Mr. Benjamin Franklin Woreley and Miss Kate 

Grace Duncan, both of Providence. 
In this city, Nov. 29, 1865, Mr. Johnathan Nooning Brownell of Bristol and 

Miss Artemisia Thurston Adams of Fall River, Mass. 
In this city, Dec. 16, 1865, Mr. John Shaw, Jr., and Mrs. Abby Wilder 

Sanborn, both of Boston, Mass. 
In this city, Dec. 22, 1865, Mr. Moses Gilbert Kelly of Blackstone, Mass., 

and Miss Mary Anne Judkins of Kendall's Mills, Me. 
In this city, Dec. 24, 1865, Mr. Ezra Perry Lyon and Miss Mary Ann Pike, 

both of Providence. 
In this city, Jan. 1, 1866, Mr, William Henry Scott of Bemardston, Mass., 

and Miss Mary Aima Cook of Holden, Mass. 
In this city, Jan. 1, 1866, Mr. SUas Newton and Miss Mary Agnes Lamson, 

both of West Boylston, Mass. 
In this city, Jan. 3, 1866, Mr. James K. Drew and Mrs. Emma Jane Cameron, 

both of Providence. 
In this city, Jan. 3, 1866, Mr. Charles Parrott and Mrs. Nettie Frances 

Briggs, both of Providence. 
In this city, Jan. 8, 1866, Mr. Wm. Bunker Robinson and Miss Ada Byron 

Coombs, both of Providence. " 
In this city, Jan. 8, 1866, Mr. John Stoll, Jr., and Miss Katharina Held, 

both of Wurttemberg, Germany. 
In this city, Jan. 22, 1866, Mr. WUliam Henry Young of Providence and 

Miss Sarah Kenyon of Olnejrville. 
In this city, Jan. 23, 1866, Mr. Joseph Waldo Branch and Miss Jennie 

McCrackan, both of Norwich, Conn. 
In South Providence, Jan. 28, 1866, Mr. Benjamin Davis and Miss Louise 

Frances Thurber, both of South Providence. 
In this city, Feb. 7, 1866, Mr. Joseph Almon George of Sunnapee, N. H., 

and Miss Hannah Bemey of North SommerviUe, Mass. 
In this city, Feb. 18, 1866, Mr. Duty James Greene and Miss Emily Jane 

James, both of Providence. 
In this city, Feb. 21, 1866, George Henry Hyde and Margaret Rannels, both 

of Boston, Mass. 
In this city. Mar. 1, 1866, Sylvester Warren Russell of Bridgewater, Mass., 

and Mary Ann White of Taimton, Mass. 
In this city, Mar. 7, 1866, Mr. Edward Everett Hathom Heath and Miss 

Frances Ann Russell, both of Boston, Mass. 
In this city, Mar. 21, 1866, Mr. Newton Darling Arnold and Miss Caroline 

Louisa Gee, both of Providence. 
In this city, Mar. 25, 1866, Mr. Charles Octavius Green (formerly of Bristol, 

Vt.) of Smithfield and Miss EmUy Harris of North Providence. 
In this city, Mar. 29, 1866, WiUiam Bemey, Jr., of Somerville, Mass., and 

Martha Ring of Boston, Mass. 
In this city, Apr. 14, 1866, Mr. Parker Merrill and Miss Lydia E. B. Rhodes, 

both of Boston, Mass. 
In this city, Apr. 24, 1866, Mr. John Henry and Miss Mary Doherty, both 

of North Providence. 
In Cranston (Ebnwood), May 9, 1866, Mr. Henry Albert Horton of Provi- 
dence and !Miss Elizabeth Hamilton of Cranston. ' 
In this city. May 10, 1866, Mr. Thomas M. Greene and Miss Jenette 

McArthur, both of Attleboro, Mass. 
In this city. May 28, 1866, Mr. Thomas W. Kelton and Miss Sarah F. 

Gardner, both of Providence. 
In this city, June 6, 1866, Mr. James Madison Kilbum and Miss Sarah 
Sophia Hurd, both of Providence. 

1923] Rev. Cyrus Hyde Fay's Record of Marriages 185 

In this city, June 7, 1866, Mr. John Harding Martin of Swansey, Mass., and 

Miss Eleanor Thurber of Rehoboth, Mass. 
In this city, June 7, 1866, Mr. Justin Andrews of Boston, Mass., and Miss 

Elizabeth Jane Fawcett of Cambridge, Mass. 
On Smith's Hill, Providence, June 14, 1866, Mr. Mason Barney Franklin 

and Miss Rebbecca Orswell Messinger, both of Providence. 
In this city, Sept. 13, 1866, Mr. George Clinton Calef and Miss Emma 
Sanders, both of Providence. 
f In this city, Sept. 15, 1866, Mr. George Moore Brown of Boston, Mass., and 

Miss Frances Maria Angel of North Providence. (This couple were 
married by Rev. L. L. Briggs of Philadelphia on the 20th of August 
In this city, Sept. 20, 1866, Mr. Albert Green Robinson and Miss' Sarah 
Frances Mason, both of Cmnberland. , 

In this city, Sept. 26, 1866, Mr. Arthur WeUington Dennis and Miss Annie 

Isabel Smith, both of Providence. 
In this city, Oct. 1, 1866, Mr. Dejcter Daniel Pearce and Miss Ellen Maria 
BUven, both of Providence. 
j In this city, Oct. 10, 1866, Mr. Henry Leprellet Pratt of Pawtucket and Mrs. 

I Julana Stone of Pro^ddence. 

I - In North Providence, Oct. 24, 1866, Mr. Pardon Bowen Smith Ford and 

! Miss Ceria M. Smith, both of North Scituate. 

I In this city, Nov. 7, 1866, ^Ir. George Alfred Hicks and Miss Isabel Josephine 

I Blake, both of Providence. 

I In this city, Nov. 10, 1866, Mr. Thomas Swan, Jr., of Providence and MiiK 

I Maggie Sophia Rice of Coventry. 

I In this city, Nov. 28, 1866, Mr. Thomas J. Peck and Miss Lydia Rose 

I Sprague, both of Providence. 

I In this city, Dec. 2, 1866, Mr. Alvah Ames Spofford and Miss Adelaide 

I Grafton Luther, both of Providence. 

I In this city, Dec. 2, 1866, Mr. Elihu N. Dart and Miss Marianna Luther, 

I both of Providence. 

I In this city, Dec. 19, 1866, Mr. John Warren Yeaw of Providence and Miea 

I Minerva Ann Hunt of South Providence. 

I In this city, Dec. 24, 1866, Mr. William Henry Hall of Providence and Miss 

Cleora Narzette Hopkins of South Providence. 
] In this city, Dec. 26, 1866, Mr. Henry David Smith and Miss Ellen Ehua-, 

i Congdon Babcock, both of Providence. 

\ In this city, Dec. 31, 1866, Capt. Samuel Freeman Hull of Providence and 

■ Miss Mary Ann Fales of Bristol. 

i In this city, Jan. 1, 1867, Mr. Jacob Almon Ferris of Boston, Mass., and 

Miss Juha Seraphiue Nutting of Providence. 
In this city, Feb. 2, 1867, Mr. Frank Eveleth of Providence and Mrs. Martha 

Ann Burt of Grafton, Mass. 
In this city, Feb. 13, 1867, Mr. Charles Henry Brown and Miss Amanda 

Fitzalen Messinger, both of Providence. 
In this city, Feb. 14, 1867, Mr. James Jefferson Ford of Pembroke, Mass., 

and Miss Louisa Maria Sawyer of Providence. 
In this city, Feb. 19, 1867, Mr. George Warren Wilbur and Miss Freelove 

Randall, both of Providence. 
In this city, Feb. 25, 1867, Mr. Warren Chester Pettee and Miss Mary 

Pierce CoflBn, both of Pawtucket. 
In this city. Mar. 5, 1867, Mr. William Henry Poole and Miss Penelope 

Rowe Hall, both of Milton, Mass. 
In this city. Mar. 7, 1867, Mr. Thomas Henry Carrique and Miss Susaa 
Slocum Luther, both of Pro^'idence. 

186 Rev. Cyrus Hyde Fay^s Record of Marriages [July 

In this city, Mar. 8, 1867, Mr. William Henry Blanchard and Miss Adeline 

Osgood Phipps, both of Boston, Mass. 
In this city. Mar. 9, 1867, Mr. William Sanford Lane of Norton, Mass., and 

Miss Sybil Smith of North Rehoboth, Mass. 
In this city, Mar. 12, 1867, Mr. Edward Lawrence Bowen of Boston, Mass., 

and Miss Mary Ellen Low of Providence. 
In this city, Mar. 27, 1867, Mr. Edward Kalay of Harrisburg, Pa., and Miss 

Louisa Thomas of Westerly, R. I. (Col'd). 
In this city, Apr. 13, 1867, Mr. George Washington Kenison and Mrs. Abby 

Jane Kenison, both of Quincy, Mass. 
In this city, Apr. 21, 1867, Mr. John Abbott Wiley and Mrs. Harriet Adeline 

Stone, both of Pro\'idence. 
In this city, Apr. 22, 1867, Mr. Henry Alexander Page of Boston, Mass., and 
* Mrs. Catharine Augusta Webster of Maiden, Mass. 
In this city, May 2, 1867, Mr. Charles Everett Hills of New York City and 

Miss CaroUne Frances Osborne of Providence. 
In Cranston, May 9, 1867, Mr. Jirah Fay Brownell and Miss Adeline Wells 

Chapin, both of Cranston. 
In this city. May 14, 1867, Mr. Charles William Brown and Samantha Jane 

Crosswell, both of Providence. 
In North Providence, May 22, 1867, Mr. Benjamin Franklin Kenyon of 
I North Providence and Miss Susan Basset Howland of Providence. 

I In this city, June 6, 1867, Mr. Albert Corliss Winsor and Mrs. Mary Ann 

;< Shephiard, both of Providence. 

1 . In East Providence, June 27, 1867, Rev. Charles Fluhrer of Victor, N. Y., 

I and Miss Julia Almira Bishop of East Providence. 

I , In this city, July 3, 1867, Mr. WilUam Henry Mavis of Providence and Miss 

I Betsey Maynard of Solon, Me. 

I In East Providence, Aug. 19, 1867, Mr. Selwyn Curtis Winchester of Indian- 

i apolis, Ind., and Ruthie Elizabeth Martin of East Providence. 

I . In this city, Aug. 22, 1867, Mr. William Henry Pike of Westerly, R. I., and 

I Mrs. Lemira Avis Bellington of North Bridgewater, Mass. 

I In this city, Aug. 27, 1867, Mr. Andrew Jackson Cartwright and Miss Mercy 

f Maria Thomas, both of Providence. 

I In this city, Sept. 8, 1867, Mr. George Miles Downing of Cranston and Mrs. 

i Maria Louise Prosser of Providence. 

I In this city, Sept. 14, 1867, Mr. Howard Augustus Porter and Miss Sarah 

I Tompkins Whitton, both of Brooklyn, N. Y. 

; In this city, Sept. 17, 1867, Frederick W. Mercer, M.D., of Boston, Mass., 

' and Lizzie Bennett Thornton of Providence. 

In South Providence, Oct. 8, 1867, Mr. Marcellus Jacob Flanders of Provi- 
, dence and Miss CaroUne Amelia Jones of South Providence. 

! In this city, Oct. 17, 1867, Mr. Jason Prey Stone, Jr., and Miss Mary Ella 

' Crowell, both of Providence. 

In this city, Oct. 20, 1867, Mr. William Bradford Haile and Isabella Leonard 

Comstock, both of Providence. 
In this city, Oct. 29, 1867, Mr. Job Wilbur of Providence and Miss Sarah 

Frances Tefift of Wyoming, R. I. 
In this city, Oct. 29, 1867, Mr. John Robert Kerr and Miss Emma Roy 

Brown, both of Johnson. 
In this city, Oct. 30, 1867, Mr. Moses Phantray and Mrs. Helenora Stephen- 
son, both of Providence (colored). 
In this city, Nov. 21, 1867, Mr. William Francis SmaUey and Mrs. Asenath 

Smalley, both of New Bedford, Mass. 
In South Providence, Nov. 21, 1867, Mr. Jacob Barney Handy of Providence 
and Miss Eleanor Maria Sherburne of South Providence. 

1923] Rev. Cyru^ Hyde Fay's Record of Marriages 187 

In this city, Nov. 28, 1867, Mr. Daniel Wilbur Mason and Miss Ida Menage 

Read, both of Bristol. 
In this city, Dec. 20, 1867, William G. Smith of Philadelphia, Pa., and 

Annie Maria Lynch (2d marriage) of Providence, R. I. 
In this city, Dec. 25, 1867, Mr. Jesse Taft and Miss Celestine Banning, 

both of Worcester, Mass. 
In this city, Jan. 1, 1868, Terrance McLaughlin and Mary Ann Meldronj 

both of Providence, R. I. 
In this city, Jan. 18, 1868, Mr. Frederick Nathaniel Fales and Miss Henrietta 
Gladding Warren, both of Bristol. 
I In this city, Jan. 22, 1868, Mr. Joseph Henry Rockwell of Lebanon, Conn., 

j and Miss Anna Eliza Brown of Exeter, R. I. 

I In this city, Jan. 30, 1868, Mr. Henry Reed and Miss Isabell Farris Tucker, 

I both of Providence, R. I. 

■ In this city, Feb. 15, 1868, Mr. Bemis Hartwell of Walpole, Mass., and Misa 

Carrie Frances Gatchell of Blackstone, Mass. 
In this city, Feb. 19, 1868, Mr. William Odbur Tucker and Miss Minnie 
Seabury Waite, both of Providence, 
i In this city, Feb. 20, 1868, Samuel Ezra Groves and Mary Ellen Bromley, 

I both of Providence. 

1 In this city, Apr. 3, 1868, Mr. Samuel Francis Bliss and Miss Marion Mary 

I Howe, both of Dover, Mass. 

! In this city, Apr. 7, 1868, Mr. Henry Parker Clough and Miss Mary Ann 

I Pearson, both of Providence. 

I In this city, ]\lay 20, 1868, Mr. Henry Hunt and Mrs. Annie Sarah Arnold, 

i both of Olneyville. 

I In this city. May 20, 1868, Mr. Ruel Mills Trask and Miss Addie Lucy 

j Joslen, both of Providence. 

I In this city. May 21, 1868, Mr. George Jackson Boyd and Miss Maria Ann 

] Blossom, both of Providence. 

'i In North Providence, June 1, 1868, Mr. Charles Frederic Pierce of Paw- 

t tucket and Miss Hattie Langley Howland of North Providence. 

\ In this city, June 18, 1868, Mr. Palmer Dorrance and Miss Mary Ann Potter, 

I both of Providence. 

; In this city, June 25, 1868, Mr. Albert Jarvis Richardson of North Attleboro, 

I Mass., and Miss Emily Amanda Mason of East Attleboro, Mass. 

i In this city, July 7, 1868, Mr. Isaac Francis Crosby of Chicago, 111., and 

r Miss Addie Clapp Higgins of Orleans, Mass. 

5 In this city, July 7, 1868, Mr. John Henry Pettis and Miss Georgianna 

; Andrews, both of Providence. 

In this city, Aug. 4, 1868, Mr. Nelson Harris Doe and Miss Lizzie Jane 

Drummond, both of Providence. 
In this city, Aug. 6, 1868, Mr. Benjamin Franklin Chadboume and Miss 

Anna Brool^, both of Boston, Mass. 
In this city, Aug. 8, 1868, Mr. William S. Mann of Providence and Mrs. 

Louisa SweetlMid of Sullivan, Me. 
In this city, Sept. 17, 1868, Mr. George B. Anthony and Miss Fannie Ernest- 
ine Burton, both of Adams, Mass. 
In this city, Sept. 19, 1868, Mr. William Edwin Kelcher and Miss Lina 
Nichols Lewis, both of Lynn, Mass. (Both the parties deaf and dumb.) 
In this city, Sept. 28, 1868, Mr. Oscar Alonzo Newell of Central Falls and 

Sarah Adelia Hall of Providence. 
In this city, Sept. 30, 1868, Mr. Richard Henry Currier and Miss Emily 

Sophia Hood, both of Norwich, Conn. 
In this city, Oct. 3, 1868, Mr. Joseph Henry Spooner and Miss Amelia 
Margaret Cherry, both of Providence. 

188 Rev. Cyrus Hyde Fay's Record of Marriages [July 

In this city, Oct. 10, 1868, Mr. Nathan P. Dawley and Syrena Gates, both 

of Woonsocket, R. I. 
In this city, Oct. 11, 1868, Mr. Rufus Shepard Dixon and Mrs. Amanda 

Malvira Cook, both of Providence. 
In this city, Oct. 12, 1868, Mr. John Mahony and Miss Margaret Rourke, 

both of Fall River, Mass. 
In this city, Oct. 13, 1868, IMr. Nathaniel Leprelate Newcomb of Brooklyn, 

N. Y., and Sarah A. Story of Easton, Mass. 
In this city, Oct. 15, 1868, Mr. William M. Bowen and Mrs. Louisa A. 

Henry, both of Providence. 
In Brooklyn, E. D., Oct. 25, 1868, Mr. Isaac Lopez Colton of Brooklyn, 

E.D. (2d marriage), and Ann Eliza Holbrook (2d marraige) of Cambridge, 

In New York City, Oct. 27, 1868, Mr. James L. Crosby (2d marriage) and 

Miss Abby M. Burton, both of New York City. 
In this city, Nov. 1, 1868, Mr. WUliam Frederick Pearce and Miss Eliza 

Jane Brown, both of Providence. 
In this city, Nov. 3, 1868, Mr. William Henry Simmons and Miss Marguerite 

Augusta Barrows, both of Providence. 
In this city, Nov. 8, 1868, Mr. James Bunting and Mrs. Fannie Lockhart, 

both of Providence. 
In this city, Nov. 25, 1868, Mr. Allen Libby and Miss Agnes Pearson, both 

of Providence. 
In this city, Nov. 28, 1868, Mr. Oscar Byron Green and Mrs. Mary Frances 

Rockwood, both of Coventry. 
In this city, Dec. 3, 1868, Mr. Richard Dennis Mowry of Uxbridge, Mass., 

and Mrs. Lucy Malvina Taft of Mendon, Mass. 
In this city, Dec. 16, 1868, Mr. Samuel Martin Warner of Providence and 

Miss Mary Lyon of Hebronville, R. I. 
In this city, Dec. 25, 1868, IMr. Asa Francis King and Mrs. Hannah Maria 

Waitt, both of Taunton, Mass. 
In this city, Dec. 28, 1868, Mr. Ezekiel Pettis Francis and Clarissa EmeUne 

Macker, both of Providence. 
In this city, Dec 31, 1868, Mr. Cassius Eugene yiali and Miss Mary Ellen 

Atwood, both of Providence. 
In this city, Jan. 1, 1869, Mr. Cah'iri Wheaton Rathbone of Pawtucket and 

Miss Elizabeth Aldrich Hawley of Pro\ddence. 
In this city, Jan. 7, 1869, Mr. John O'Brien of Fall River, Mass., and Miss 

. Catharine DriscoU of the same place. 
In this city, Jan. 13, 1869, Mr. Charles A. Lee of North Pro%'idenee and 

Miss Phebe S. Wright of Smithfield, R. I. 
In this city, Jan. 16, 1869, Mr. Joseph Field and Mrs. Lucy Ann Smith, 

both of Providence. 
In this city, Feb. 4, 1869, Mr. William Perkins Griffin and Ann Maria 

Yerrinton, both of this city. 
In this city, Feb. 6, 1869, Mr. John Tryon and Miss Mary Elizabeth Peters, 

both of Providence. 
In this city, Feb. 13, 1869, Mr. WUliam Gardner Reynolds of Foster and 

Miss Mary Elizabeth Keech of Providence. 
In this city, Mar. 26, 1869, Mr. Oscar Hatfield Monroe and ]\'Iiss Emma 

Andrews, both of Providence. 
In this city, Apr. 4, 1869, Mr. Lathrop "Bowers Shm-tleff and Miss Emily 

■ Franes [sic] Webster, both of Providence. 
In this city, Apr. 21, 1869, Mr. David CottreU Taylor and Imogene Adelaide 

Hoppin, both of this city. 

1923] Rev. Cyrus Hyde Fay's Record of Marriages 189 

In this city, May 10, 1869, Mr. Mulford Waring Hayward and Mrs. Zelia 

Aline Brownson, both of Brooklyn, N. Y. 
In this city. May 26, 1869, Mr. Joseph Kelly and Miss Sarah Elizabeth 

Sanders, both of Providence. 
In this city,* Sept. 16, 1869, Mi-, Thomas P. Allen and Mrs. Mary J. Midgley, 

both of Middletown. 
At the Farms (Middletown), Oct. 5, 1869, Mr. Charles 0. Tryon and Miss 

Martha S. Prior, both of Middletown. 
In this city (Middletown), Feb. 13, 1870, Mr. Lewis Baldwin and Miss Jane 

B. Roberts, both of Middletown. 
In Middletown, June 26, 1870, Mr. Lincoln B. Stroud and Miss Horetta E, 

Bingham, both of Middletown. 
In this city, Jan. 31, 1871, Mr. George Balden and Miss ComeUa Hubbard, 

both of Middletown. 
In this city, Oct. 25, 1871, Mr. Eldridge S. Fefree and Miss Ellen H. Leonard, 

both of Middletown. 
In this city, Jan. 22, 1872, Mr. George S. Taylor of Middletown and Miss 

Sophronia D. Doane of CollinsviUe, Conn. 
In this city, Feb. 15, 1872, Mr. Winfeld E. Young and Miss Mary J. Welch, 

both of Middletown. 
At South Farms (Mddletown), Mar, 23, 1872, Mr. George A. Cowles and 

Miss Ella G. Hills, both of Middletown. 
In this city, June 6, 1872, Mr. Charles B. Bidwell and Miss Grace C. Douglass, 

both of Middletown. 
in this city, Oct. 2, 1872, Mr. S. Clarence Hastings of Hartford and Miss 

EUen Douglas of Middletown. 
In this city, Oct. 30, 1872, Mr. Franklin J. Dix and Miss Etta M. Bacon, 

both of Middletown. 
In this city, Nov. 28, 1872, Mr. William Jamieson, Jr., and Miss Elizabeth 

M. Bacon, both of this town. 
In this city (Middletown), Sept. 4, 1873, 'Mi. Jonathan B. KUbourne and 

Miss Mary A. Douglas, both of Middletown. 
In this city,t May 14, 1874, Mr. John William Lee and Miss Sarah Jane 

Noyes, both of Washington. 
In New York City, Oct. 14, 1874, Mr. Caleb A. Dyer and Miss Charlotte H. 

Dimon, both of New York. 
In Washington, D. C, Oct. 22, 1874, Mr. George Frederick Schayer and A'lrs. 

JuHa Stosck, both of Washington, D. C. 
In Georgetown, D. C, Nov. 25, 1875, Mr. Charles H. Sawyer and Miss 

Edna S. Wilcox, both of Georgetown. 
In this city,* Mar. 30, 1876, Mr. Edgar Janney of Loudon Co., Va., and 

Miss Mary Brown McPherson of Washington, D. C. 
In the Episcopal Church, Roselle, N. J., May 15, 1878, Frederic M. Cooper 

and Isabel Fay, both of Roselle. 
In New York City, July 31, 1878, Mr. Peter Hamilton of Baltimore, Md., 

and Miss Mary Russell of New York City. 
In Elizabeth, N. J., Oct. 30, 1878, Mr. Wm. R. Bennett and Miss Abbie L. 

Hatch, both of Elizabeth. 
In Jersey City (Church of the Good Shepherd), Sept. 10, 1879, Mr. Frank H. 

Westervelt and Miss Eunie M. Layden, both of Jersey City. 
In Ehzabeth, N. J., Feb. 2, 1881, Mr. Charles P. HaU of Elizabeth, N. J., 

and Miss Carrie L. Ellis of Kingston, Ulster Co., N. Y. 
In Brooklyn, E. D., Mar. 23, 1881, Mr. William H. Sutton of New York 

City and Mrs. Maria A. Boyd of Brooklyn, E. D. 

•In this and the following entries, as far as and including the entry of Sept. 4, 1873, the words 
" this city " refer to Middletown, Conn. 
tWaahington, D. C. 

190 Genealogical Research in England [July 

In Brooklyn, E. D., Mar. 23, 1881, Mr. Clinton Stanford Harris of Elizabeth, 

N. J., and Miss Julia Smith Fay of Brooklyn, E. D. 
In New York City, Mar. 29, 1881, Mr. John Franklin Connell and Miss 

Emma Louise Reed, both of New York City. 
In Middletown, Conn., Dec. 20, 1883, Mr. Fredk Bound Chaffee and Miss 

Mary Mather Brewer, both of Rliddletown. 
In Nyack, N. Y., Oct. 7, 1885, Mr. Peter G. MacMillan and Miss Josephine 

Partridge, both of Nyack. 
In the Universalist Church, in Newark, N. J., Nov. 11, 1885, Mr. WUliam 

Meeker Littell and Miss Violet McGregor, both of Newark. 
In this city (Brooklyn, E. D.), and in our home, 228 Keap St., Dec. 15, 1S85, 

Mr. Henry H. Brewster of New Rochelle, N. Y., to Charlotte Fay of 

Brooklyn, E. D. 
In this city (Brooklyn, N. Y.), June 15, 1886, JNIr. Herman Eugene Piatt of 

Rochester, N. Y., and Miss Ella Woolley of Brooklyn, E. D. 
In the Universalist Church, Jersey City, N. J., Dec. 7, 1886, Mr. Edward 

Grinsdale and Miss Annie Eldridge Smith, both of Jersey City. 
In Arlington, Keaney Township, Hudson Co., N. J., June 7, 1888, Campbell 

Valentine Schuyler and Sarah Tryon Hubbard, both of Arlington. 
In Brooklyn, N. Y., Sept. 26, 1888, Mr. Robert H. Gibbs and Miss Emily R. 

Holmes, both of Brooklyn. 
In Hartford, Conn., Dec. 28, 1889, Mr. Fred T. Wetherbee of Springfield, 

Mass., and Miss Agnes Hubbard of Hartford. 
In this city (Brooklyn, N. Y.), Sept. 6, 1893, Mr. George A. Wild and Miss 

Minnie Mildred Goshawk, both of this city. 
In this city (Brooklyn), Jan. 10, 1894, Mr. George Henry Whitman and Mrs. 

Elizabeth Coombs Bayley, both of Brooklyn. 
In this city (Brooklyn, N. Y.), Apr. 25, 1894, ]\Ir. Edward Sherman Watkins 

and Miss Frances AmeUa Fowler, both of Brooklyn. 
In this city, Brooklyn, N. Y., Jan. 15, 1896, Mr. George Shipman Diossy 

and Mrs. Maud Dorothea Brush, both of Brooklyn, N. Y. 
In this city (Brooklyn, N. Y.), Apr. 22, 1897, Mr. Albert Thompson and Miss 
I ' Lina Olsen, both of Brooklyn, N. Y. 

I In Westfield, Union Co., N. J., Nov. 11, 1899, Mr. Joseph Cady Staples of 

I Philadelphia, Pa., and Mrs. Annie Hubbard Wright of Westfield, N. J. 

i In New York City (Borough of Brooklyn), June 30, 1900, Mr. Arthur Middle- 

I ton Hubbard of this city and Miss Edith Hubbard of Westfield, N. J. 

I In Borough of Brooklyn, New York City, Oct. 16, 1901, Mr. Roger C. 

1 Aldrich of Passaic, N. J., and ]\Iiss Mary A. Locke of Brooklyn. 


Communicated by the Committee on English Research 

[Continued from page 133] 


Contributed by G. Andrews Moriartt, Je., A.M., LL.B., of Newport, R. I. 

In this article is given the parentage of Edmund, WiUiam, Amos, 
and Ichabod Sheffield, early settlers of New England, with a brief 
word as to the Sheffield family in England. 

1923] Genealogical Research in England 191 

The SheflBeld family is of Northern origin, the cradle of the race 
being in and about Sheffield in Yorkshire. At a very early date a 
gentle branch of the family was living in the neighboring county of 
Rutland, and in the reign of Henry III tie Lincolnshire branch was 
already settled around Butterwick. This family became very eminent. 
Edmund Sheffield of Butterwick was raised to the peerage in the 
reign of Henry VIII as Baron Sheffield of Butterwick, and his descend- 
ant John Sheffield, Duke of Buckingham, a well-known statesman 
in the reign of Queen Anne, built Buckingham House, which was 
bought by King George III in 1761, was remodelled in the first part 
of the nineteenth centuiy, and, as Buckingham Palace, is now the 

j London residence of the EngUsh kings. 

I The Sheffield family of New England came from Sudbury, co. 

Suffolk; but the name occurs nowhere else in Suffolk, and at the 
time of the emigration to New England they had been there but a 
short time. It is probable that they were an offshoot of the Sheffields 
who were settled in Essex. It may be noted that the name Edmimd, 

i a favorite one in the Lincolnshire family, occurs constantly in the 

i ^ Sudbury family and among their descendants in New England. 


[ From Probate Records 

I Administration on the estate of Edmund Sheiffeild, late of Ballingdon 

5 in the Parish of All Saints, Sudbury, deceased, was granted 4 January 1630 

I [1630/1] to Humphrey Sheiffeild, son of the deceased, with the consent of 

I the widow, Thomazine. Inventory, £24. 6s. 6d. (Archdeaconry of Sudbury, 

I Administrations [at Bury St. Edmunds], vol. 3, fo. 7.) 

\ The Will of George Sheffeild of Sudbury [co. Suffollc], dated 10 July 

s 1671. To my wife Mary aU my messuages and lands in the city of Norwich 

I or elsewhere, for life, she paying to my two children, Elizabeth and Mary 

\ Shefloield, and to my imbom child £3 each at the age of twenty-one years. 

; After my said wife's death said estates are to be divided among my said 

children. Residue to my said wife, whom I make executrix. Witnesses: 
I Marke Salter, Sam. Pannill, John Catsby. Proved 12 March 1671/2 by the 

executrix. (Archdeaconry of Sudbury [at Bury St. Edmunds], Register 

f Franklin,' fo. 273.) 

From the Registers of the Pamsh of All Saints, 
Sudbury, co. Suffolk 

1608 Humphrey son of Edmond Sheffeld 30 November. 
1610 Thomasine daughter of Edmond Sheffeild 17 July. 
1612 Edmond son of Edmond Sheffeild 16 August. 
1619 William son of Edmond Sheffield 15 November. 
1635 Elizabeth daughter of Edmond Sheffield 12 March [1635/6]. 

From the Transcripts of the Registers of the Parish of St. Peter, 
Sudbury, co. Suffolk* 

1627 Amos son of Edmond Sheffeld — December. 
1630 Ichabod son of Edmond Sheffeld 23 December. 

•The entries given under this heading were found on some loose sheets at Bury St. Edmunds 
by Mr. J. Gardner Bartlett, who made the investigations regarding the Sheffield family. 

192 Genealogical Research in England [July 

1598 Thomas SheflBeld, last maker, 29 June. 

From the Records of the Borough of Sudbury, co. Suffolk 

3 September, 8 Charles I [1632]. Thomasine Sheffield, widow, presented 

for not going to her parish church of All Saints. 
18 January, 9 Charles I [1633/4]. Edward [sic] ShefifeUd presented for not 
attending his parish church of All Saints. 

From the foregoing English records and from New England sources 
the following pedigree has been deduced. 

1. Thomas Sheffield, of Sudbury, co. Suffolk, England, last 
maker, born probably about 1550, was buried at St. Peter's, Sudbury, 

29 June 1598. He married . 

He was probably the father of 

2. i. Edmund, b. about 1580. 

2. Edmund Sheffield (? Thomas), of the parish of All Saints, 

Sudbury, co. Suffolk, England, bom about 1580, died before 

4 Jan. 1630/1, when administration on his estate was granted 

. to his son Humphrey. He married, about 1607, Thomazine 

, who was cited on 3 Sept. 1632 for not attending her 

parish church of All Saints. 
, ■ Children: 

i. Humphrey, bapt. at All Saints', Sudbury, 30 Nov. 1608. 

ii. Thomazine, bapt. at All Saints', Sudbury, 17 July 1610. 

3. iii. Edmund, bapt. at All Saints', Sudbury, 16 Aug. 1612. 

4. iv. William, bapt. at All Saints', Sudbury, 15 Nov. 1619. 

V. Amos, bapt. at St. Peter's, Sudbury, — Dec. 1627; apparently the 
Amos Sheffield who d. at Braintree, Mass., 31 Dec. 1708. 

5. vi. IcHABOD, bapt. at St. Peter's, Sudbury, 23 Dec. 1630. 

3. Edmund Sheffield (Edmund, ? Thomas), of the parish of All 

Saints, Sudbury, co. Suffolk, England, and of Braintree, Mass., 
baptized at All Saints', Sudbury, 16 Aug. 1612, died at Braintree 
13 Oct. 1705, "being about 90 years." He probably married 

first, in England, , who probably died in England;* 

i secondly, at Roxbury, Mass., 17 Apr. 1644, IMary Woodie, 

I who died at Braintree 30 Mar. 1662, daughter of Richard; and 

I thirdly, at Braintree, 5 Sept. 1662, Sarah (Beale) Marsh, 

; who died at Braintree 9 Nov. 1710, "Aged about 84 years," 

daughter of John Beale of Hingham, Mass., and widow of 
Thomas Marsh of the same town. 

He was presented at Sudburj^, 18 Jan. 1633/4, for not attend- 
ing his parish church of All Saints. He emigrated to New 
England, settled at Roxbury, Mass., and was admitted a free- 
man there 29 May 1644. He removed in 1645^ to Braintree, 
■; and resided there the rest of his life. Judge Samuel SewaU, in 

l his Diary, under date of 26 Mar. 1704, states that he heard 

i preaching at Braintree and that "One Sheffield, a very good 

I "That Edmund ShefBeld had a wife in England, before he came to New England, 13 inferred 

] from the record of the baptism of his daughter Elizabeth at All Saints', Sudbury, 12 Mar. 1635/6. 

1923] Genealogical Research in England 193 

aged Christian, of about 90 years old, was there, who, as 
was expected, was never like to have come abroad more." 

Child by first wife : 
i. EuzABETH, bapt. at All Saints', Sudbury, 12 Mar. 1635/6; probably 

d. in England, since no record of her being in New England has been 


Children by second wife, the first child born at Roxbury, the 
others at Braintree: 

ii. John, b. 6 Mar. 1644/5. 

iii. Edmund, b. 15 Dec. 1646. 

iv. Ann, b. 1 Apr. 1649. 

. V. Isaac, b. 15 Mar. 1650/1. 

■ vi. Mart, b. 14 June 1653; d. at Braintree 7 Dec. 1660. 

vii. Matthew, b. 26 May 1655. 

viii. Samuel, b. 26 Nov. 1657. 

ix. Sarah, b. 6 June 1660. f 

Children by third wife, born at Braintree: 

X. Mart, b. 20 June 1663. 
i - xi. Nathaniel, b. 16 Mar. 1664/5. 

I xii. Deborah, b. 23 June 1667; d. at Braintree 18 Jan. 1690/1. 

j 4. William Sheffield (£?dwMnd, ? r^omas), of Sudbury, CO. Suffolk, 

I England, and of New England, baptized at All Saints', Sudbury, 

I 15 Nov. 1619, died at Sherbom, Mass., 6 Dec. 1700. He 

5 married, about 1659, Mary , who died at Sherbom 31 

I Oct. 1714, aged 78. 

I It is not kiaown at what date he came to New England; but 

\ he was residing at Dover, N. H., together with his brother 

i Ichabod, in 1658. In 1660 he was of Braintree, Mass., in 1673 

I he was among the first settlers of Holliston and Sherborn, 

I Mass., and in 1686 he paid the third highest tax in the last- 

"; mentioned town. He appears, with his brother Edmund, to 

I have bought, prior to 1672, a tract of land of Lieut. Joshua 

I Fisher of Dedham, Mass., at Chabboquasset, in what afterwards 

- . became Sherborn. In his will, dated 14 Oct. 1698 and proved 

at Cambridge 24 Mar. 1700/1, he mentions his house in Boston. 

i. Rachel, b. at Braintree 24 May 1660; d. young.' 

ii. Hannah, b. 18 Apr. 1663.* 

iii. Daniel, b. 3 Mar. 1665.* 

iv. William, b. 19 Mar. 1667.* 

V. Martha, b. 8 Jan. 1668.* 

vi. Joseph, b. 3 Mar. 1671;* o"f Dover, N. H., 9 May 1733. 

vii. Thamasine, b. at Sherborn (?) 25 May 1673; m. Jonathan Admis. 

viii. Susanna, b. at Sherborn 12 Dec. 1675; m. at Sherborn, 1 Sept. 1697, 
Zuriel Hall. 

ix. Elizabeth, b. at Sherborn 28 Nov. 1678. 

X. Nathaniel, b. at Sherborn 7 Mar. 1681. 
] xi. Mart, m. John Clark. 
I xii. Rachel, m. . 

I . 5. Ichabod Sheffield (Edmund, ? Thomas), of Portsmouth, R. I., 

I baptized at St. Peter's, Sudbury, co. Suffolk, England, 23 Dec. 

i 1630, died at Newport, R. I., 4 Feb. 1712. He married at 


\ *The birth of this child ia recorded at Sherborn. but the child was probably not born there. 

194 Inscriptions at Old Lyme, Conn. [July 

Portsmouth, in 1660, Mabt Pakker, daughter of George and 
I Frances of that town. 

I He first appears at Portsmouth on 10 July 1648, when he 

I ■ was received as a freeman there. In 1658 he was taxed at 

I " Dover, N. H., with his brother WUliam, In 1690 he was deputy 

I to the Rhode Island Assembly from Portsmouth. He is buried 

I in the Clifton Burying Groimd at Newport, where his grave- 

I stone states incorrectly that he was eighty-six years old. 

I Children, bom at Portsmouth, R. I.: 

\ i. Joseph,* of Portsmouth, b. 22 Aug. 1661; d. in Feb. 1705/6; m. 12 

J Feb. 1684/5 Mary Sheeiff, dau. of Thomas of Plymouth and 

5 ' Portsmouth. He was assistant, 1696 and 1698-1705, and attorney 

I general of Rhode Island, 1704-1706, and was appointed Colonial 

agent to England, 2 Feb. 1702/3. Seven children, 
ii. Maby, b. 30 Apr. 1664. 

iii. Nathaniel, of Newport, R. I., merchant, b. 18 Apr. 1667; d. 12 Nov. 
1729; m. (1) Mary Chamberlain, dau. of William of Hull, Mass.; 
m. (2) Catherine (Clarke) Gould, dau. of Gov. Walter Clarke 
of Newport and widow of James Gould. He was assistant, 1713- 
14, and major for the Island, 1710, 1712, 1714-1716. He is bur. in 
the Clifton Burying Ground at Newport. Five children. 
I iv. IcHABOD,t of South Kin^town, R. I., b. 6 Mar. 1669/70; d. between 

J 17 Sept. 1729, when his will was dated, and 4 June 1736, when it 

I was proved; m. 27 Dec. 1694 Elizabeth Manchester, dau. of 

• . William and Mary (Cook). Six children. 

I v. Amos, of Tiverton, R. I., b. 25 June 1673; d. in 1710, while serving as 

I . , a captain in the expedition against Canada; m. (1) 5 Mar. 1695/6 

J Anne Peaece, dau. of John and Mary (Tallman) ; m. (2) 22 Dec. 

I 1708 Sarah Davis, dau. of Aaron and Mary. He was selectman of 

I Tiverton, 1705-1707, and town treasurer, 1709. His will, dated 

I 17 Apr. 1707, was proved 7 June 1710. Four children by first wife 

I and one son by second wife. 


i CONN. 

I From a copy in the possession of the New England Historic 

I Genealogical Society 

I. The part of ancient Saybrook that lay east of the Connecticut 

I River was first settled by white people in 1664, and was called East 

i Saybrook. On 13 Feb. 1665 [1665/6], however, the inhabitants of 

this region, "desiring to be a plantation by themselves," entered 
into an agreement with the older settlment by which "a Loving 
parting" was brought about, and in 1667 they organized the town 
I of Lyme, which took its name from the parish of Ljnne-Regis, on 

the south coast of Dorset, England. From time to time in the nine- 
teenth century the territory forming the town of Lyme was dimin- 
ished by setting off portions of it to form new towns or parts of new 
towns. Thus, in 1819, part of northern Lyme was joined with parts 

'Ancestor of the well-kaown Sheffield family of Rhode leland. 
tAncestor of the Sheffields of New Haven. Conn. 


I 1923] Inscriptions at Old Lyme, Conn. 195 

I of Colchester and Montville to form the town of Salem, in 1839 the 

f town of East Lyme was organized out of the eastern part of Lyme, 

and in 1855 the southern and oldest section of Lyme was established 
as a separate town and called Old Lyme. Therefore the yoimgest 
town formed from the territory of liyme contains the region where 
the earliest white settlements were made, the most historic part of 
the original town of Lyme. 

The New England Historic Genealogical Society possesses a 
verbatim copy, made by Mrs. M. M. LeBrun, of the inscriptions prior 
to 1850 that are found on gravestones within the limits of the old 
town of Lyme; and the genealogical, biographical, and historical 
information imparted by these inscriptions will be published in con- 
densed form in this and succeeding niunbers of the Register. In 
editing the inscriptions such introductory phrases as "Sacred to the 
Memory of," "In Memory of," "Here Ues the Body of," etc., have 
been in most cases omitted, the word "died" has been substituted 
for longer expressions, such as "departed this life," which some- 
times occur, the dates have been given in uniform style, with the 
usual abbreviations for the names of the months, and the verses or 
additional lines so common on gravestones have been omitted, unless 
they contain inforniation that should be preserved. All titles or forms 
of address found in the inscriptions have been retained in the printed 
copy, and names of persons are spelled as they are given in the manu- 
script copy, but the punctuation has been inserted by the Editor. 

In this article appears the first instalment of the inscriptions 
found in the present town of Old Lyme. 

Duck River Cemetery 

Elisha, son of Jonathan Alger, died Apr. 12, 1742, aged 5 days. 
Elizabeth, daughter of Jonathan Alger, died Mar. 7, 1741, aged 2, 
Jane, wife of Jonathan Alger, died Feb. 26, 1745, in her 22d year. 
John, son of Mr. John & Mary Alger, bom Aug. 13, 1729, died Nov, 5, 1729'.- 
Mary, daughter of Mr. John & Mary Alger, bom Nov. 13, 1735, died Mar. 11, 

Mr. Roger Alger died Aug. 2, 1759, in his 73d year. 
Ruth, daughter of Mr. Jonathan & Mrs. Lydia Alger, died Apr. 20, 1764, 

aged 7 months, 16 da}^. 
Sarah Alger, daughter of Mr, Jonathan & Mjs. Iranah Alger, died Mar. 16, 

1766, in her 21st year. 
Susannat^ daughter of Mr, Jonathan & Mrs. Lydia Alger, died Mar, 13, 

1764, in her 4th year. 
Temperence, wife of Mr. John Alger, died Sept. 8, 1727, aged 23 years. 
[Words missing] John & Mary Alger, died July 23, 1735, in his 5th year.* 
Miss Sarah Alsop died Sept. 6, 1798, in her 38th year. 
Mrs. Anna Anderson, wife of Daniel Anderson, died Oct. 6, 1802, aged 22 

years, 7 months, 2 days. 
Betsey J., daughter of John and Abbey Anderson, died Jan. 18, 1835, Ae. 20. 
Daniel Anderson died Mar. 20, 1839, Ae. 63. 
Mrs. Elizabeth Anderson, Relict of Mr. John Anderson, died Jan, 20, 1816, 

in her 97th year, 
Elizabeth D., daughter of Daniel & Francis P. Anderson, died May 14, 1842, 

Ae, 7 weeks. 

♦Evidently an inscription to a son of John and Mary Alger. 


196 Inscriptions at Old Lyme, Conn. [July 

Hannah, wife [sic] of Thomas Anderson, died Feb. 25, 1734, aged 6 years and 

Hannah Anderson, 1745, aged 77 years. 

Hepzibah, wife of Capt. Daniel AJoderson, died Oct. 7, 1824, Aet. 38. 

Jarusha, daughter of Daniel & Anna Anderson, died Mar. 31, 1802, aged 
• 3 months, 1 day. 

Joanne, daughter of John & Lydia Anderson, died Oct. 1, 1805, in her 10th 

Mr. John Anderson, Junr., died Sept. 29, 1805, in his 54th year. 

Mr. John Anderson died Sept. 30, 1805, in his 94th year. 

John, son of Daniel & Hepzibah Anderson, died Feb. 3, 1832, Ae. 11 years, 
6 months. 

John I., son of John & Abby Anderson, died July 17, 1822, aged 3 months. 

Lydia, wife of John Anderson, died Aug. 2, 1838, aged 82. 

An infant daughter of Daniel & Hepzibah Anderson died Oct. 3, 1805, aged 
3 days. 

Capt. David Avery died Sept. 13, 1816, Ae. 48. 

Mary A. Avery died Oct. 5, 1849, aged 54 years. 

Calvin M., son of Calvin & Eimice Banning, died Sept. 18, 1816, aged 2 years. 

,Mrs. Eunice, wife of Calvin Banning, died Apr. 23, 1835, Ae. 49. 

Esther Beckwith died Dec. 7, 1806, aged 47 years. 

Mathew Beckwith died June 14, 1727, in his 84th year. " 

Richard Bonlen, Junr., died Dec. 20, 1730, in his 24th year. 
I Mr. William, son of Mj. William Borden, died Mar. 11, 1725, aged 20 years. 

I Aaron S. Brockway died Nov. 1, 1849, Ae. 35 years. 

I ■ Bridget, daughter of John & Mary Brockway, died Sept. 5, 1731, aged 

1 23 years. 

I Richard Brockway died July 24, 1843, Ae. 62. 

I Woll'stan Brockway, Juner, died May 15, 1707, aged 38 years. 

i Arnold Brown died suddenly Feb. 5, 1841, Ae. 66. 

I Arnold Brown died Apr. 3, 1849, aged 63. 

1 Mary R., widow of Arnold Brown, died Apr. 3, 1849, aged 63, 

I Our Bessie, daughter of Rev. J. & E. N. Burnett, died Sept. 2, 1859, aged 

i 4 years, 2 months. 

f . Anna Bumham, Relict of Capt. John Bumham, died June 11, 1843, Ae. 68. 

> Betsey Bumham, daughter of Capt. Josiah & Mrs. Thankful! Bumham, died 

t Sept. 30, 1790, aged 23 years. 

I Mrs. Elizabeth Bumham, wife of Capt. John Bumham, died Aug. 25, 1803, 

? aged 31 years. 

i Elizabeth, daughter of John & Anne Bumham, died Jime 7, 1820, Ae. 12. 

■ Eunice Bumham, formerly wife of Joseph Smith ye 4th, died Aug. 17, 1810, 

i . aged 37 years. 

' James Bumham, son of Mr. Josiah & Mrs. Thankful Bumham, died Oct. 3, 

1758, aged 1 year, 6 months. 

Mr. James Bumham died Oct. 24,4807, in his 48th year. 
I Capt. John Bumham, died Jan. 2, 1833, aged 67 years. "An affectionate 

husband & kind parent. " 

Joseph Bumham, son of Mr. Joseph & Mrs. Miriam Bumham, died Apr. 26, 
1780, aged 14 months. 

Joseph Bumham, 2d, son of IMr. Joseph & Mrs. Miriam Bumham, died 
' Dec. 17, 1783, aged 13 years [sic]. 

■Capt. Joseph Bumham died Dec. 28, 1834, Ae. 80. 

Capt. Josiah Bumham died June 3, 1861, Ae. 88. 

Mrs. Lucy Bumham, wife of Capt. Josiah Bumham, died July 24, 1807, 
aged 30 years. 

Mehetable, widow of James Bumham, died Dec. 10, 1849, Ae. 89 years. 

1923] Inscriptions at Old Lyme, Conn. 197 

Miss Meriam C. Bumham died July 6, 1814, aged 24 years, 5 months, 

8 days. "Graceful in all her sfeps, Heaven in her eye, in every gesture 

Dignity and Love. " 
Mrs. Miriam Bumham, wife of Capt. Joseph Bumham, died Aug. 12, 1707 

[sic], in her 4l8t year. 
Polly Bumham, daughter of Joseph & Miriam Bumham, died Oct. 1, 1792, 

aged 7 years, 8 months. 
Polly, daughter of Capt. John & Mrs. Betsey Bumham, died May 10, 1799, 

aged 1 year. 
Rebecca Burnham, daughter of Joseph & Miriam Bumham, died May 17, 

1792, aged 4 (kys. 
Samuel G. Bumham, son of Mr. Joseph & Mrs. Miriam Bumham, died 

Nov. 29, 1783, aged 11 months. 
Samuel G. Bumham, son of Joseph & Eunice Bumham, died June 18, 1799, 

aged 1 day. 
William J., son of Capt. Josh Bumham, died in New York of the Cholera, 

July 14, 1832, Ae. 23 years, 2 months, 14 days. 
[Words missing] Capt. Josiah Bumham died Dec. 27, 1803, in his 8th year.* 
Asa Button died Sept. 21, 1825, Ae. 69. 

Clarrisa Fitch, his wife, died Aug. 22, 1845, Ae, 70. 
Delia, wife of David Caulkins, died Dec. 15, 1833, Ae. 42. 
Emelme, daughter of David & Mary Caulkins, died July 29, 1823, aged 12 

Francis died Apr. 20, 1819, Ae. 2 years. 

Orrin died Oct. 30, 1828, Ae. 5 years, 10 months. 
Mary Ann died Sept. 19, 1834, Ae. 5 years, 11 months. 
Children of Roswell & Mary Caulkins. 
Lebbeus Peck, son of David & Mary Caulkins, died Apr. 23, 1823, aged 

2 years, 7 months. 
Mary, wife of David Caulkins, died Aug. 21, 1828, aged 41 years. 
Stephen L. Caulkins, son of David & Mary Caulkins, died at sea May 12, 

1836, aged 20. 
Amy Chadwick died Feb. 17, 1847, aged 53 years. 
Anna, daughter of Mr. Daniel & Mrs. Cateriney Chadwick, died Oct. 8, 

1767, in her 22d year. 
Mr. Daniel Chadwick died Jan. 10, 1784, in his 45th year. 
Elestheba [?] Chadwick died Sept. 12, 1719, aged 2 years. 
Mrs. Elisabeth, only daughter of Mr. James & Mrs. Martha Chadwick, died 

Sept. 27, 1776, in her 20th year. 
Exmice Chadwick, widow of Guy Chadwick, died Apr. 25, 1813, Ae. 82. 
Mr. Guy Chadwick died Dec. 17, 1792, in his 65th year. 
Loruhamah, relict of Stephen Chadwick, died Apr. 20, 1835, aged 78 years. 
Martha Chadwick, Relict of Reuben Chadwick, died Sept. 20, 1836, Ae. 86. 
Mehetable, wife of George H. Chadwick, died Oct. 26, 1829, aged 29. 
Mrs. Mehitable Chadwick died Sept. 25, 1821, Ae. 57 years. 
Deacon Reuben Chadwick died July 17, 1836, Ae. 95. 
Mr. Richard Chadwick died Jan. 26, 1836, Ae. 80. 
Silas, son of Nath[a]n & Sarah Chadwick, died Nov. 25, 1743, in his 15th 

Stephen Chadwick died June 30, 1828, aged 76. 

Ursula A. Raymond, wife of J. M. Chadwick, died Nov. 30, 1848, aged 42. 
Infant Daughter of David & Nancy Chadwick died Jan. 21, 1839. 
Mr. David Champion died Mar. 11, 1822, aged 23 years & 2 months. 
EUsha, son of Capt. Elisha & Mrs. Phebe Champion, died at BamweU Court 

House, So. Carolina, Aug. 26, 1812, Aet. 21. 

*!EvideDtIy an inscriptioii to a child of Capt. Josiah Burnham. Verses beginning \«-ith the 
words "Frail child" form part of the inscription. 

198 Inscriptions at Old Lyme, Conn. [July 

Capt. Elisha Champion died Apr. 23, 1815, in his 58th year. 

Mr. Henry Champion ye 2d died in July 1704, in his 49th year. 

Mr. Henry Champion, Senr., died in 1708, in his 97th year. 

Henry, son of Lieut. Henry & Mrs. Sarah Champion, died Apr. 22, 1768, 

in his 16th year. 
Capt. Henry Champion died Apr. 3, 1780, in his 97th year. 
Capt. Henry Champion died May 16, 1791, in his 63d year. 
Mrs. Hepsabah, Consort of Mr. Lynde Champin [sic, Champion] died Apr. 

22, 1786, in her 20th year. 
Capt. Roswell Champion died Jan. 24, 1824, Ae. 58. 
Mrs. Sarah, wife of Capt. Henry Champion, died Sept. 27, 1748, in her 

62d year. 
Mrs. Sarah Champion, wife of Capt. Henry Champion, died Aug. 7, 1769, 

in her ■37th year. 
Miss Sarah Champion died May 10, 1813, aged 48 years. 
George Champlin died Mar. 17, 1848, Ae. 79. 
Henry, son of Mr. George & Mrs. Eunes Champlin, died Dec. 3, 1816, Ae. 

9 months. 
Nathan Champlin died Jan. 10, 1816, Ae. 84. 
Mrs. Phebe Champlin, wife of Mr. Silas Champlin, died Feb. 19, 1787, in 

her 60th year. 
Josephine, daughter of Benjamin F. & Nancy Chappell, died Oct. 30, 1845, 

Ae. 6 weeks. 
Abraham Clark died Aug. 1, 1847, aged 65 years. 
Mrs. Elizabeth, relict of Mr. Sylvanus Clark, died May 21, 1817, aged 

66 years. 
Mr. Gurden Clark died Apr. 11, 1819, Ae. 70. 
Mrs. Ruth, wife of Mr. Gurden Clark, died Aug. 11, 1809, Aet. 53. 
Mr. Silvanus Clark died Mar. 8, 1800, in his 49th year. 
Thede, wife of Stephen Collins, died Apr. 3, 1813, ^ed 34 years. 
Mrs. Abigail, Relict of Mr. John Colt, died Mar. 12, 1820, aged 86 years. 
Alaxander J. Comstock, Oct. 5, 1825, Jan. 22, 1835. 

James A., son of Prentice & Lynda Comstock, died Jan. 21, 1836, Ae. 9 years. 
James G., son of Nathaniel R. & Hetta H. Conklin, died Jime 22, 1834, 

Ae. 3 years. 
Capt. Nathl. ©onklin died Mar. 23, 1817, aged 60 years. 
DoUy W., daughter of Capt. Nathaniel & Gemima Conkling, died July 21, 

1822, aged 21 years. 
Gordon Conkling died May 9, 1831, Ae. 28. 
Jemima, wife of Nathaniel Conkling, died Jan. 24, 1833, Ae. 68. 
Mrs. Deborah Cook died Dec. 7, 1768, in her 59th year. 
Abby Marvin, daughter of John L. & Abbey Higby, an adopted child of 

William & Mary Coult, died Dec. 29, 1846, Ae. 6 years. 
Abigail M., daughter of William & Anna Coult, died Jan. 9, 1828, Ae. 27. 
Anna, wife of William Coult, died Oct. 11, 1802, aged 29. 
Anna Marvin, daughter of Wm. & Nancy Coult, died Oct. 5, 1802, aged 

4 months. 
Benjamin Coult died Sept. 24, 1838, aged 76. / 

Mrs. Elizabeth, wife of Benjamin Coult, died Aug. 30, 1836, Ae. 67. 
George Coult died Mar. 29, 1841, Ae. 36. 
Capt. John Coult died Jan. 2, 1751, aged 90 years. 
John, son of John & Mary Coult, died Feb. 17, 1754, in his 6th year. 
Mr. John Coult died May 27, 1784, in his 60th year. 
John D., son of Mr. Benjamin & ^^Irs. Betsy Coult, died Apr. 9, 1796, in 

his 12th month. 
Mrs. Mary Coult, wife of Mr. John Coult, died Aug. 9, 1759, in her 29th year. 

1923] Inscriptions at Old Lyme, Conn. 199 

Mrs. Mary Coult, wife of Mr. John Goult, died Oct. 15, 1767, in her 26th 

Mary Ann, daughter of George & Catharine Coult, died Sept. 30, 1832, 

Ae. 17 days. 
Nancy Coult, daughter of WiUiam & Mary Coult, died Aug. 26, 1845, Ae. 36. 
Mr. Samuel Coult died Feb. 23, 1743, in his 38th year. 
An infant son of George & Catharine Coult, bom July 14, 1836, 
Horace F., son of Thomas C. & EUza M. Daniels, died May 26, 1844, aged 

2 years, 7 months. 
Francis C. Darrow, son of James & Sally Darrow, died Jan. 10, 1810, aged 

1 year, 3 months. 
Richard, son of Richard & Lucy Ann Dean, died July 17, 1845, Ae. 14. 
John, son of Mr. John Denison & Patience his wife, died Dec. 11, 1736, aged 

5 years, 4 months, 24 days. ' 
Lieut. John Denison died Nov. 28, 1776, in his 79th year. 
Mrs. Patience, Consort of Lieut. John Denison, died Nov. 8, 1776, in her 

75th year. 
Phebe, daughter of Mr. John Denison & Patience his wife, died Dec. 28, 

1741, aged 2 years, 11 months, 7 days. 
Mr. Robert Denison died Dec. 19, 1787, in his 38th year [duplicate inscnption: 
! Samuel, son of Mr. John Denison & Patience his wife, died Dec. 1, 1736, 

1 aged 3 years, 3 months, 10 days. 

\ Samuel, son of Mr. John Denison & Patience his wife, died July 15, 1741, 

i aged 5 weeks. 

I Mrs. Anna, wife of Mr. Josiah DeWolf, died Dec. 21, 1752, in her 63d year. 

Mr. Daniel DeWolf, A. M., died Oct. 10, 1752, in his 26th year. 
f. Mr. Edward DeWolf died Mar. 24, 1712, in his 66th year. 

I Hannah, daughter of Josiah Dewolf , Jimr., & Martha his wife, died Sept. 23, 

* 1753, in her 5th year. 

'' Hester, daughter of Mr. Benjm. & Margeret DeWolf, died Aug. 6, 1736, in 

i her 10th year. 

; Jehiel, son of Mr. Benjm. & Margeret DeWolf, died Feb. 12, 1727, in his 

i 2d year. 

I Mrs. Margerit, wife of Mr. Benj. DeWolf, died Sept. 28, 1742, in her 46th 

\ year. 

I Phebe, daughter of Mr. Benjm. & Margret DeWolf, died Oct. 10, 1736, in 

I her 5th year. 

•- Phebe, daughter of Mr. Benjm. and Margeret Dewolf, died Sept. 15, 1742, 

aged 1 year, 10 days. 
Mrs. Sarah DeWolf, wife of Mr. Stephen DeWolf, died Jan. 12, 1777, in her 

22d year. 
Mrs. Theodey DeWolf, 2d wife of Mr. Stephen DeWolf, died July 20, 1798, 

in her 40th year. 
Winthrop DeWolf died Oct. 20, 1847, Ae. 40 years. 

Hepzibah C, his wife, died Mar. 24, 1884, Ae. 70 years. 
Winthrop Buck DeWolf, son of Mr. Stephen & Mrs. Theodey DeWolf, died 

July 17, 1802, in his 7th year. 
Thomas E., son of Joseph D. & Sarah H. Dimmock, died Mar. 12, 1850, aged 

3 months, 19 days. 

Mrs. Harriet Dorr, wife of Abraham Dorr, daughter of Lynde & Anna 
i Champion, died Aug. 2, 1818, aged 23 years. 

' Capt. David Dowzick died Apr. 7, 1747, Ae. 28. 

Capt. Joel Dowzick died Nov. 19, 1813, Ae. 30. 

Mrs. Abagall, formerly wife of Mr. Joseph Lord, died the wife of Mr. 
Josiah Dwolf, Oct. 16, 1773, in her 73d year. 

200 Inscriptions at Old Lyme, Conn. (July 

Lucy Dwoolf, daughter of Mr. Benjamin & Mrs. Lucy Dwoolf, died Oct. 15, 

1751, aged 6 years, 7 months. 
Charles Henry Ely, son of John & Margaret S. Ely of Albany, died Apr. 30, 

1818, ag&i 1 year, 3 months, 1 day. 
Elisabeth Ely, wife of Deacon Richard Ely, died Oct. 8, 1730, in her 26th 

Elizabeth Ann, daughter of Mr. Oliver & Mrs. Louisa G. Ely, died Feb. 28, 

1817, Ae. 4 weeks. 
Mrs. Esther Lord, ReUct of Mr. Thomas Lord, died Relict of Mr. Jona- 
than Emmons of E. Haddam, Feb. 3, 1792, in her 85th year. 
Ann Lee, daughter of James and Elizabeth Fors3^h of Pensacola, Florida, 

died in Lyme, aged 15 years. 
Emma S., wife of Samuel S. Fowler of Albany & daughter of John Marvin, 

Lyme, died Aug. 9, 1827, Ae. 22 years, 1 month, 3 days. 
Kathaxin Freeman died Dec. 5, 1813, in her 85th year. 
Nancy Freeman died Aug. 8, 1853, aged 82 years, daughter of Jenny Freeman, 

who died Dec. 6, 1832, aged 84 years. 
Pomp Freeman, son of Prince and Jenny Freeman, died Aug. 9, 1822, in his 

16th year. 
Prince Freeman died Jan. 31, 1826, aged 52 years. 
Solem [sic] Freeman died Dec. 18, 1812, in his 60th year. 
Edward L., son of Mr. James & Mrs. Abigail Greenfield, died Dec. 29, 1789, 

aged 2 years. 
James Greenfield died Aug. 28, 1842, Ae. 87. 
Mr. Starr A. Greenfield died May 1, 1793, m his 76th year. 
Charles C. died Jan. 25, 1824, Ae. 6 months. 
John died Jan. 26, 1830, Ae. 13 months. 

Children of Chas. C. & Elizabeth Griswold. 
I Clarine Griswold died Apr. 9, 1732, aged 10 months, 10 days. 

Diodate J. Griswold, bom Dec. 16, 1773, died Mar. 17, 1850, Ae. 76 years. 
I Hannah, daughter of Capt. [Matthew &] Ursula Griswold, bom May 22, 

I 1746, died Dec. 15, 1755, aged 9 years, 6 months. 

} Hannah Griswold, the widow & relict of John Griswold, Esqir., died May 11, 

j 1773, in her 70th year. 

I John, son of John Griswold, Esqr., & Hannah his wife, died Jan. 4, 1742, 

I aged 2 years, 7 months, 18 days. 

[ John Griswold, Esqr., "after having sustained the Public office of Justice of 

i the Peace and of the Quorum for many years," died Sept. 29, 1764, in 

I his 74th year. 

i Deacon John Griswold, bom at Lyme Feb. 20, 1752, died Nov. 22, 1812. 

I "He was the eldest son of the first Governor Griswold & brother of the 

j second. As a friend and a neighbour he was hospitable, and generous, 

I honest, and honorable as a man, and in his faith & life exemplary as a 

j Christian, to tell to those who knew liim the place that he was burned 

and to offer his character for imitation to those who knew him not, 
I This stone to his memory is erected." 

j Louisa C, wife of Richard S. Griswold and daughter of James & Caroline 

j Mather, bom at Lyme June 18, 1815, died at Brooklyn Mar. 21, 1840, 

I and her infant son. 

j Mrs. Mary, the Remains of Mr. Mathew Griswold, died Oct. 27, 1724, aged 

! 68 years. 

Mr. Matthew Griswold died Jan. 13, 1715/16, aged 63 years. 
Matthew Griswold, Esqr., late Govemor of the State of Connecticut, died 
j Apr. 28, 1799, aged 85 years, 28 days. 

I Richard S. Griswold, bom at New York Aug. 20, 1809, died at Hartford, 

i Conn., Apr. 2, 1849. 

1923] Inscriptions at Old Lyme, Conn, 201 

Mr. Samuel Griswold died June 10, 1727, aged 29 years, 6 months, 10 days. 
Mrs. Sarah Griswold, Single woman, died Jan. 4, 17^0, in her 74th year. 
Mrs. Sarah Griswold, consort of Deacn. John Griswold, died Jan. 4, 1802, 

aged 63 years, 10 months, 26 days. 
Mrs. Susannah Griswold, wife of Ensn. Thomas Griswold, died Sept. 25, 

1768, in her 46th year. 
Thomas Griswold died July 27, 1716, aged 16 years, 5 months. 
Ensign Thomas Griswold died July 16, 1770, in his 52d year. 
Ursula, daughter of Capt. Matw. Griswold & Ursula his wife, Feb. 14, 1745, 

aged 2 months, 27 days. 
Mrs. Ursula Griswold, the amiable consort of Matthew Griswold, Esqr., late 

Governor of the State of Connecticut, died Apr. 5, 1788, in her 64th 

Capt. DanieliHaU died Feb.^3, 1813, in his 69th year. 
Ivlrs. Mehitable Hall, Relict of the late Capt. Daniel Hall, died Sept. 28, 

1820, aged 69 years. 
[Sarah (Sill) Hall, see monument to Silas SDL] 
Darius Harding died Mar. 18, 1829, in his 48th year. 
Lyman S. Harding died Jan. 25, 1848, Ae. 16. ' 

Nancy, wife of John Hart, died June 22, 1834, Ae. 44. 
Sylvester Hart, son of John & Nancy Hart, died Dec. 7, 1816, Ae. 4 years, 

6 months. 
Candys Havens, wife of Reuben Havens, died Feb. 21,'1815, Ae. 35. 
Edward Havens died Aug. 2, 1843, Ae. 44. 
Edward Havens died July 4, 1847, Ae. 73 years. 

t Harriet, wife of George Havens, died Apr. 4, 1848, Ae. 47. 

Harriet Ann, daughter of George & Harriet Havens, died Aug. 28, 1844, Ae. 

11 years, 4 months. 
Mr. Reuben Havens died May 16, 1846, Ae. 68. 
Wife of Israel Havens died Apr. 27, 1840, Ae. 28. 
Mrs. Abby, Consort of Mr. Jonathan Hayes, died July 27, 1818, Ae. 33. 
A child of James & Eunice Haynes, Still bom, Feb. 8, 1844. 
[Abby Marvin Higby, see inscription to Abby Marvin Coult.] 
Chrlstefor Higgins, son of Mr. Christian & Mrs. Dorothy Higgins, died 

Jan. 1, 1756, aged 10 months. 
Mrs. Elizabeth Higgins, relict of Mr. Sylvanus Higgins, died Dec. 23, 1816, 

Ae. 59. 
Enoch Higgins, son of Capt. Christian and Mrs. Dorothy Higgins, died 

. Jan. 28, 1765, aged 2 years, 5 months. 
Mrs. Fanny Higgins, wife of Mr. William Higgins, died Mar. 6, 1785, in her 

28th year. 
Jemima Higgins, daughter'of Mr. Joseph & Mrs. Marcy Higgins, died Dec. 

3, 1758, in her 23d year. 
Mr. Joseph Higgins died Dec. 21, 1783, in his 24th year. 
Mr. Joseph Higgins died Mar. 21, 1814, in his 75th year. 
Mrs. Marcy Higgins, wife of Mr. Joseph Higgins, died Nov. 22, 1768, in her 

7l8t year. 
Polly Higgins, daughter of WiUm. & Fanny ffiggins, died Feb. 10, 1707, aged 

13 years. 
Capt. Seth Higgins died May 26, 1797, aged 35 years. 
Mr. Sylvanus BUggins died Jan. 30, 1802, in his 65th year. 
Capt. Christopher Hill, died Sept. 5, 1800, on his passage from Charleston 

to New York, in his 30th year. 
Mrs. Edith, wife of Mr. Samuel Hill, died Nov. 16, 1814, Ae. 69. 
Edward, son of Samuel & Edith Hill, died Oct. 4, 1777, aged 1 year. 
Dea. Edward HiU died Apr. 15, 1828, Ae. 53. " 

202 Inscriptions at Old Lyme, Conn. [July 

Misa Mehetable Hill died Sept. 5, 1845, Ae. 66. 

Mr. Samuel Hill died Dec, 8, 1818, Ae. 73. 

Samuel L., son of Dea. Edward & Elizabeth Hill, died Sept. 2, 1820, Ae. 

1 year, 11 months. 
[Emaline Matilda Holmes, see inscription to Emaline Matilda Holmes SiU.] 
Mrs. Sarah Hubbel died June 15, 1813, Aet. 67. [On stone between that of 
Lieut. John Sill, Oct. 17, 1796, and that of Mrs. Phebe, wife of Mr. 
Joseph Sm, Jan. 4, 1772.] 
Jemima, wife of John Hughes, died Aug. 14, 1845, Ae. 82. 
Capt. John Hughes died Oct. 30, 1843, Ae. 82. 
John A. Hughes died Jan. 25, 1841, Ae. 23. 
Infant daughter of Capt. John & Mrs. Jemima Hughes died Aug. 31, 1792, 

aged 24 hours. 
Capt. Michael Huntley died on his passage from Martinique to New York 
Jan. 23, 1818, aged 40. 
Loisa Maria, daughter of Capt. Michael & Mrs. Mercy R. Huntley, 
died Mar. 25, 1818, Ae. 15 months. 
Sylvanus H. Huntley died July 27, 1841, aged 32. 
Mrs. Abigail, Relict of Rev. Stephen Johnson of Lyme, died Sept. 1, 1817, in 

her 87th year. 
Mrs. Anna Johnson died Oct. 29, 1838, aged 84, Relict of Capt. Stephen 

Diodate Johnson, son of Stephen & Anna Johnson, died Dec. 9, 1783, aged 

6 years. 
Mrs. Elizabeth Johnson, wife of Rev. Mr. Stephen Johnson, died May 2, 

1761, in her 39th year. 
Mrs. Mary Johnson, wife of Revd. Stephen Johnson, died Dec. 10, 1772, in 

her 33d year. 
Nathaniel, son of Rev. Stephen & Mrs. Mary Johnson, bom Aug. 5, died 

Mar. 4, 1771, aged 7 months. 
Mrs. Rachel, wife of Timothy Johnson, died Oct. 5, 1844, Ae. 46. 
Miss Sally Banks Johnson, daughter of the late Capt. Stephen & Anna 
Johnson, died Sept. 25, 1802, aged 17 years. 

PMonument to the early Pastors at Lyme] 
Sacred to the memory of the Rev. Stephen Johnson, Fourth pastor of the 
first chimdi in Lyme & member of the Corporation of Yale College. 
He was bom at Newark, N. J., May 1724, graduated at Yale College in 
1743, ordained Dec. 10, 1746, and died Nov. 8, 1786, in his 63d year. 
"He was wise in counsil, mighty in scriptures, powerful in eloquence; 
distinguished for his prudence, fortitude, hospitality, patience under 
afflictions, Revered by his brethem in the Ministry, as a father in the 
Churches & beloved by the people of his charge for his exemplary 
fidelity in the service, . . . erected as a token of filial respect by Mrs. 
Mary Noyes, wife of Rev. Mathew Noyes, and the ordy surviving 
daughter of the deceased." 

Pastor[s] of The first Church in this town. 
Rev. Moses Noyes, "first pastor and member of the corporation of 
Y. C. He officiated in the work of the ministry among his people 
sixty three years," and died Nov. 9, 1729, in Ins 86th year. 
Rev. Samuel Pierpont, second Pastor, was ordained Dec. 10, 1722, 
drowned in passing Connecticut River Mar. 15, 1723, in his 23d 
year, and buried on Fishers Island, where his remains were dis- 
covered Apr. 28, 1723. • 
Rev. Jonathan Parsons, third Pastor, was ordained in 1730, relin- 
quished his charge in 1745, and died Pastor of a church in Newbmy-- 
port July 19, 1776, aged 70.- 

1923] Inscriptions at Old Lyme, Conn. 203 

Rev. Edward Porter, fifth Pastor, was ordained Feb. 24, 1790, and 
dismissed in consequence of ill health Sept. 19, 1792. 

Gapt. Stephen Johnson died Sept. 30, 1791, in his 39th year. 

Mr. William Johnson died Jan. 28, 1779, in his 22d year. 

A son of Capt. Stephen & Mrs. Anna Johnson, still Bom, July 13, 1776, 

Gapt. Benjamin King died Apr. 13, 1780, in his 30th year. 

David Lay died Sept. 6, 1843, aged 74 years. 

Eveleen, dau^ter of Oliver I. & Mary A. Lay, died 4pr. 22, 1835, Ae. 18 

Richard Lay died Aug. 20, 1845, Ae. 57. 

Sarah Ann Lay, daughter of David & Lucy Lay, died Feb. 27, 1813. 
i Mrs. Deborah, wife of Capt. Ezra Lee, bom Oct. 3, 1752, died June 30, 1826. 

I Mrs. Elizabeth Lee, wife of Capt. Abner Lee, died Nov. 2, 1781, aged 57 


Ezra Lee, died Oct. 9, 1821, aged 72 years. "He was a Revolutionary officer 
And esteemed by Washinton." 

Harriet Lee, daughter of James & Hepzibah Lee, died Feb. 3, 1844, aged 47 

-Mrs. Luranna Lee, wife of Mr. Dan Lee, died May 14, 1783, aged 28 years. 
1 Miss Phebe Lee, daughter of Ezra & Deborah Lee, died Aug. 2, 1805, aged 

I 22 years. 

I Capt. Richard Lee died Jan. 31, 1819, aged 35 years. 

I Silas, son of Mr. Dan & Mrs. Luranna Lee, died June 16, 1781, aged 18 

I months. 

! Mr. William Lee died Apr.lO, 1737, aged 53 years. 

t William R. H. Lee, son of Mr. Ezra & Mrs. Deborah Lee, died July 31, 1796, 

I ■ in his 9th year. 

I Eunice Lervia, daughter of Lewis & Mai^aret Lervia, died Jan. 7, 1833, 

I Ae.27. 

I John Henry, son of James & Harriet Lervia, died Oct. 4, 1849, aged 7 years, 

'j 3 months. 

j Margaret, wife of Lewis Lervia, died Sept. 22, 1845, Ae. 79 years. " 

4 Elisebeth, wife of Mr. William Lewis, died Oct. 3, 1730, aged 35 years, 

\ 2 months. 

; Mr. Andrew Lord died Nov. 16, 1804, aged 49 years. 

; Anna, wife of Dr. WiUiam Lord and daughter of Samuel Mather, Esq., of 

\ Lyme, died at Stonington Oct. 31, 1818, aged 52. "No offspring." 

;- Mrs. Anna Lord, ReUct of Richard Lord, Esq., died May 16, 1826, Aet. 60. 

Mr.j^Benjamin Lord died Feb. 6, 1805, aged 76 years. 

Mr.|Christopher Lord died at Charleston, S. Carolina, Aug. 29, 1801, aged 
24 years. 

Mrs. Elisabeth, ye Remains of Lieut. Richard Lord, died July 22, 1756, 
aged 76 years. 

Mrs. Elisabeth Lord, wife of the late Richard Lord, Esqr., died June 22, 
1778, in her 85th year. 

Elizabeth, daughter of Richd. Lord, died Apr. 23, 1731, aged 3 years, 5 

Elizabeth Lord, daughter of Mr. Sylvanus & Mrs. Huldah Lord, died July 
17, 1750, aged 6 weeks, 3 days. 

Capt. Enoch Lord died Feb. 16, 1814, Ae. 88. 
I Enoch Lord died Dec. 22, 1834, aged 73. 

I Mrs. Esther, wife of Mr. Enoch Lord, died Feb. 8, 1814, Aet. 41. 

i Mrs. Hepzibah Lord, wife of Capt. Enoch Lord, died Oct. 19, 1813, Aet. 83. 

1 John M., son of Richard & Anna Lord, died in N. Carolina Nov. 3, 1825, 

i Ae. 23. 

; Mr, Joseph Lord died July 25, 1736, in his 39th year. 

204 Inscriptions at Old Lyme, Conn. [July 

Joseph Lord, bom June 3, 1757, died Mar. 15, 1812. [Duplicate inscription: 
Mr. Joseph Lord, Aet. 64.] 
Phoebe Griffin Lord, wife of Joseph Lord, bom May 4, 1768, died 

Nov. 26, 1841. [Duplicate inscription: Phebe G. Lord, Ae. 73.] 
Hepsibah Lord, bom Mar. 17, 1799, died Mar. 29, 1844. [Duplicate 
inscription: Hepsey Lord, daughter of Joseph & Phebe Lord, Ae. 
44 years.] 
Joseph Lord, bom June 16, 1801, died Sept. 8, 1802. [Duplicate 
inscription: Joseph, son of Joseph & Phebe Lord, aged 1 year, 
3 months.] 
Lucy Lord, bom Mar. 6, 1805, died Aug. 31, 1884. 
Phoebe Griffin Lord, -wife of Daniel R. Noyes. 
Josephine Lord, wife of Alexr. McCurdy. 
Catherine Lord, wife of Enoch Noyes. 
Harriet Lord, bom Sept. 25, 1795, died Jan. 5, 1882. 
Julia Ann Lord, bom Mar. 6, 1803, died Dec. 23, 1865. 
Frances Jane Lord, bom Oct. 14, 1810, died Feb. 13, 1888. 
Mr. Marvin Lord died May 2, 1801, aged 53 years. 

Mrs. Mary, widow of Mr. Thomas Lord, died Feb. 28, 1734, aged 65 years. 
Mary Y., daughter of Enoch & Esther Lord, died Dec. 13, 1828, Aet. 28. 
Matthew Lord died Oct. 29, 1736, aged 1 year, 9 months, 9 days. 
Eenold Lord died June 29, 1740, aged 10 months, 17 days. 
Lieut. Richard Lord, died Aug. 20, 1727, aged 80 years, 3 months. 
Richard Lord, son of Richd. Lord, Esqr., and Elizabeth his wife, died Sept. 3, 
■ _ 1742, aged 20 years. 

Richard Lord, Esqr., "Who in Life was an eminent example of piety, & 
PubUck spirit & after sustaining the offices of Deacr, Justice of ye 
peace, & Judge of the Quorum for many years," died Aug. 6, 1776, in 
his 86th year. •. 
Mr. Richard Lord died July 29, 1818, in his 66th year. 
Mr. Thomas Lord died June 22, 1730, in his 66th year. 
Thomas Lord, son of Mr. Thomas & Mrs. Easter Lord, died Oct. 1755, in 

his 18th year. 
Mrs. Ann McCurdy, Relict of Mr. John McCurdy, died Sept. 31 [sic], 1802, 

aged 73 years. 
John, son to Mr. Ljrade & Mrs. Ursula McCurdy, died Apr. 23, 1785, aged 

4 years, 3 months. 
Mr. John McCurdy, merchant, died Nov. 10, 1785, aged 61. 
Mr. John McCurdy, ye yoimger, died Dec. 21, 1790, in his 24th year, 
[Josephine (Lord) McCurdy, see monument to Joseph Lord, who died Mar. 15, 

Mary, daughter of Mr. John and Mrs. Anne McCurdy, died Sept. 27, 1773, 

in her 16th month. 
Richard McCurdy, bom Mar. 2, 1769, died Aug. 8, 1857. "His Ufe was one 
of singular purity & propriety active & beneficent in manhood — serene 
in Age & tranqml & hopeful at its close. " 
Sarah Ann, wife of Charles J. McCurdy, died July 28, 1835, Ae. 35. 
Ursula, daughter of John Griswold & wife of Richard McCurdy, bom Dec. 2, 

1775, died May 25, 1811. 
Betsey S., daughter of John J. & Harriet A. Manwaring, died Nov. 19, 1842, 

Ae. 7 years. 
Charles F., son of John'J. & Harriet A. Manwaring, died July 20, 1846, Ae. 

16 years. 
Charles F. Manwarring, son of John & Sarah Manwarring, died Mar. 29, 

1826, aged 19 years. 
Harriet A., wife of John J. Manwarring, died June 9, 1845, aged 36 years. 

1923] Inscriptions at Old Lyme, Conn. 205 

John Manwarring died Jan. 3, 1840, Ae. 73. 

Sarah, widow of John Manwarring, died Aug. 26, 1850, Ae. 83 years. 

Mrs. Abbey Marvin, wife of Benjamin Marvin,' died Sept. 28, 1840, aged 73. 

Benjamin Marvin died Jan. 21, 1776, in his 70th year. 

Mr. Benjamin Marvin died Jxme 14, 1823, aged 79 years, 7 months, 7 days. 

Charles Benjamin, son of John & Luciu [sic] M. Marvin, died Jan. 14, 1823, 
aged 13 years. 

Edward Lee Marvin died Oct. 16, 1820, aged 30 years. 

[Illegible] Miss Elizabeth Marvin died Oct. 14, 1790, aged 3 years, 6 months. 

Elizabeth, daughter of Mathew & Elizabeth Marvin, died Sept. 19, 1825, 
Ae. 45. 

Elizabeth Marvin, relict of Mathew Marvin, died June 22, 1839, Ae. 93. 

John Marvin died Dec. 11, 1711, aged 47 years. 
j Laurana, daughter of Mr. Mathew & Mrs. Elizabeth Marvin, died Oct. 14, 

I 1790, aged 3 years, 6 months. 

Mrs. Martha Marvin, Relict of Capt. Reynold Marvin, died Nov. 20, 1753, 
in her 74th year. 

Mr. Mathew Marvin died Aug. 29, 1806, aged 64 years. 

Phebe Marvin, wife of Rennul Marvin, died Oct. 27, 1707, in her 31st year. 

Mrs. Phebe Marvin, wife of Mr. Benjamin Marvin, 2nd, died Dec. 27, 1812, 
j aged 67 years, 11 months, 8 days. 

I 1676 Lent. Eienold Marvin, aged 42. 

i ' "This Deacon A^ed 68 

I Is freed on Earth from serving, 

1 May for a crown no longer wait 

ILjTne's Captain 
Renold Marvin. "* 
I Deacon Samuel Marvin died May 15, 1743, in his 72d year. 

I Dec. Zechariah Marvin died Sept. 12, 1792, in his 91st year. 

I Mrs. Deborah Mather, Relict of Capt. Richard Mather, died Oct. 10, 1803, 

I in her 83d year. 

if Capt. Elias Mather died Aug. 30, 1788, in his 39th year. 

I Mrs. Eunice, widow of^Capt. Jehoida Mather, died Jan. 7, 1813, Aet. 70. 

I Eunice Mather, wife of:Nathaniel Mather, died June 23, 1834, aged 74 years. 

I Ms Eunice Mather, daughter of Capt. Timothy Mather, died May 16,t in 

• her 49th year. 

i Ezra, son of Mr. Richard & Mrs. Deborah Mather, died June 4, 1753, aged 

I 3 months, 10 days. 

! Ezra, son of Mr. Richard & Mrs. Deborah Mather, died Nov. 10, 1758, aged 

I 2 years, 6 months, 13 da3^. 

Capt. Ezra Mather died Feb. 27, 1808, in his 38th year. 
' Frederick, son of Dr. Eleazer Mather & Anne his wife, died May 6, 1745, 

aged 26 days. 
Mr. Henry Mather died Aug, 24, 1802, aged 25 years, 24 days. 
James Mather died Apr. 21, 1842, Aged 57. 

Caroline, wife of James Mather, died at New Haven Mar. 23, 1865, 
a^ed 74. 
Capt. Jehoiada Mather died Mar. 11, 1811, Aet. 70. 
Jenishia, Daut. of Mr. John & Mrs. Mercy Mather, died Mar. 3, 1760,'aged 
i 7 years. 

i Joanna Mather, daughter of Nathaniel & Eunice Mather, died Dec. 17, 

1 1826, aged 31. 

f Mr. John Mather died Jan. 1, 1804, aged 82 years. 

i Lieut. Joseph Mather died Sept. 30, 1749, aged 63 years. 

j I ;*He>aa son of Lieut. Renold Marvin, and died Oct. 18, 1737. Cf. Registeb, voL 16, p. 237. 

i tThe year is not given in the manuscript copy. 

206 , Inscriptions at Old Lyme, Conn. [July 

Capt. Joseph Mather died Feb. 5, 1788, aged 76 years. 

Mrs. Lois Mather, wife of Mr. Samuel Mather, Junr., died Nov. 17, 1804, 

^ed 57 years. 
Lucy, daughter of Mr. Richard & Mrs. Deborah Mather, died Aug. 22, 1763, 

aged 17 months, 9 days. 
Luther P. Mather, son of Mr. John & Mrs. Hephzibah Mather, died May 24, 

1783, in his 2d year. 
Mrs. Mehetable, daughter of Mr. Samll. & Mrs. Deborah Mather, died 

Sept. 17, 1741, aged 17 years, 9 months, 10 days. 
Mrs. Mercy Mather, wife of Mr. John Mather, died Oct. 20, 1782, in her 

55th year. 
Norman R. died Mar. 28, 1838, Aet. 1 year, 7 months. . 

William B. died Mar. 2, 1839, Aet. 2 years, 7 months. 
Children of Dan W. & Elizabeth Mather. 
Orlando Mather, son of Ezra & Phebe Mather, died Sept. 5, 1804, aged 

2 years, 3 months, 8 days. 
Capt. Richard Mather died Jan. 11, 1790, in his 78th year. 
Mr. Richard Mather, son of Mr. Samuel Mather, Junr., died Aug. 2, 1805, 

aged 23 years, 3 months. 
Sam, son of Lieut. Joseph Mather, died Oct. 7, 1739, in his 12th year. 

Also Simon, bom Feb. 21, 1737, died the 26th. 
Mr. Samuel Mather died July 17, 1725, in his 42d year. 
Samuel, son of Tms. Mather, died July 31, 1725, aged 7 days. 
Samuel Mather, Junr., Esqr., died Mar. 26, 1809, aged 64 years, 1 month. 
Mrs. Sarah Mather, wife of Capt. Timothy Mather, died Aug. 16, 1756, in 

her 73d year. 
Mrs. Sarah Mather, wife of Capt. Timothy Mather, died May 25, 1761, in 

her 43d year.