(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "A new English dictionary on historical principles : founded mainly on the materials collected by the Philological Society"

ANEW 



ENGLISH DICTIONARY 



ON HISTORICAL PRINCIPLES. 



VOLUME YIH. Q, E, S-SH. 



OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS 

LONDON EDINBURGH GLASGOW NEW YORK 
TORONTO MELBOURNE BOMBAY 

HUMPHREY MILFORD M.A. 

PUBLISHER TO THE UNIVERSITY 



A NEW 

ENGLISH DICTIONARY 

ON HISTORICAL PRINCIPLES; 

FOUNDED MAINLY ON THE MATERIALS COLLECTED BY 

$ljil0l0gtcal Socutg. 



EDITED BY 



SIR JAMES A. H. MURRAY, 

B.A. LONDON, M.A. OXFORD, LL.D. EDIN. AND GLASG., LITT D. Drill. I X AND CAMB., D.C.L. DURHAM, D.LITT. WALES AND CAPE TOWN, 

PH.D. FREIBURG i.B. ; FELLOW OF BRITISH ACADEMY AND HOYAL SOCIETY EDIN. ; FOREIGN CORRESP. MEMBER OF THE 

INSTITUTE OF FRANCE (ACAD. INSCR.), THE IMPERIAL AND ROYAL ACADEMIES OF VIENNA, BERLIN, AND FLANDERS, 

THE HAATSCH. NEDERL. LETTERKUNDE, LEIDEN, AND THE AMERICAN PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY. 



WITH THE ASSISTANCE OF MANY SCHOLARS AND MEN OF SCIENCE. 



VOLUME VIII. 

Q, B. - ' 
BY W. A. CRAIGIE, 

M.A, OXON. J M.A., LL.D. ST. ANDREWS. 

S-SH. 
BY HENRY BRADLEY, 



HON. M.A. OXON. ; PH.D. HEIDELBERG J D.LITT. DURHAM J LITT.D. SHEFFIELD; 
FELLOW OF Tilt BRITISH ACADEMY. 



OXFORD: 

c\ 

AT THE CLARENDON PRESS. 

,9,4. ^ 

9 

\All rights reserved^ 



OXFORD 

PRINTED AT THE CLARENDON PRESS 

BY HORACE HART, M.A. 
PRINTER TO THE UNIVERSITY 





PREFACE TO VOLUME VIII. 



THIS volume contains the words beginning with Q R edited by W. A. Craigie, and S down to the end 
of SH edited by Henry Bradley. For observations on the etymological and other characteristics of the 
words included, and for detailed statistics of the numbers of words of various classes, and of the numbers of 
quotations, the reader is referred to the separate prefaces to Q R and S-SH. The following summary of the 
figures there given may be found convenient : 





Main 


Subordinate 


Special 


Obvious 


Total No. 


No. of 




words. 


words. 


Combinations. 


Combinations. 


of Words. 


Quotations. 


Q ( 80 pages) 


1633 


433 


265 


408 


2729 


9480 


R (936 ) 


io,434 


3579 


"73 


254 6 


17,832 


110,269 


S-Sh (800 ) 


9431 


4192 


347 


355 i 


30,644 


94,497 



Total 21,498 8194 5008 6505 41,205 214,246 

The 21,498 Main words are distinguished approximately as follows: 

Current. Obsolete. Alien. Total. 

Q "88 389 56 1633 

R 7701 2475 258 10,434 

S-Sh 7283 1671 477 9431 



16,172 4535 791 21,498 

For the letters Q-SH the comparative scale of this work and of certain other Dictionaries is shown as 
follows : 

Johnson. Enc^fopsdic '. 'Century' Diet. Funk's ' Standard '. Here. 

Words recorded 3715 18,308 21,044 19,880 41,205 

Words illustrated by quotations 2959 6427 7476 1899 35,72*5 

Number of illustrative quotations i,5 2 3 '0,123 ^1,921 2646 214,246 

The quotations in Richardson's Dictionary in Q-.SH are 10,228. 

The aggregate numbers for the first eight volumes of the Dictionary (A-SH) are : 

Main Subordinate Special Obvious Total Illustrative 

words. words. Combinations. Combinations. words. quotations. 

182,017 4 8 > 6 34 35' r 47 40,324 306,122 1,298,156 

Of the 182,017 Main words 162,306 are current, 15,732 obsolete, 3,979 alien. 






PREFACE TO THE LETTERS Q AND R. 

THIS half-volume contains the words which begin with Q and R, the former being few in number in 
comparison with the latter. When reckoned up according to the system adopted for previous letters, Q is 
found to include 1633 Main words, 265 Combinations explained under these, and 433 Subordinate entries 
of obsolete or variant forms ; in all 2321. The obvious Combinations, recorded and illustrated by 
quotations, but not requiring to be explained, number 408 more. Of the Main words, 389 are marked f as 
obsolete, and 56 are marked || as alien or not fully naturalized. 

On the other hand, R includes 10,434 Main words, 1273 special Combinations, 3579 Subordinate 
entries, or in all 15,286 ; there are further 2546 obvious Combinations, making a total of 17,832. Of 
the Main words 2475 are marked as obsolete, and 258 as alien.* 

The words beginning with Q (which in ordinary use is always followed by if) may as a whole be 
divided into three main classes, the native English, the Romanic (chiefly Latin and French), and those 
adopted from more remote (especially African, Asiatic, and American) languages. Of these classes the 
second is by far the greatest, and covers rather more than 50 pages out of the total of 80 required by 
this letter, which from the dictionary point of view is one of the smallest in the alphabet. A considerable 
number of words have been taken over from Latin without any change of form, as quaere, quantum, quarto, 
quondam, quorum, etc., while many more have been assimilated to the usual English types. Some of these 
had their immediate source in Old French, which has also contributed very largely, e. g. quaint, quarrel, 
quarry, quarter (with a remarkable development of special senses, combinations, etc., extending to 19 
columns), quest, quit, quite. Under the influence of the French and Latin spelling, qu- was substituted for 
the Old English cw-, and this accounts for the appearance here of a certain number of native words, covering, 
however, no more than 16 pages. The most important of these are quake, quean, queen, quell, quench, 
quick (which with its derivatives and combinations takes up 18 columns), and quoth. There are also 
some later words not demonstrably of foreign origin, a number of which appear to be imitative and intended 
to express the idea of shaking or trembling, as quab, quag, quap, quave, quaver, quiver, quop. The more alien 
words are of slight importance in comparison with the rest, but include quagga, quassia, and quina (whence 
quinine, etc.). 

The sources of R are more varied than those of Q, the letter being a common initial in many languages, 
but by far the greater number of the words beginning with it are naturally either Teutonic or Romanic. 
Greek, however, is the main source of the combination RH-, which extends over 15 pages. Apart from 
this small portion, the letter falls into two clearly marked divisions. The first of these includes RA- and from 
Rl- to the end, and is marked by a fairly even balance of the Teutonic and Romanic elements, each of which 
contributes a large number of the commonest and most essential words in the language. As usual, the 
native English words form the largest body within the Teutonic group, next come the Scandinavian, and 
last of all the Dutch, Flemish, and Low or High German. The second division is that of words beginning 
with RE-, which occupy no less than 436 pages, or more than half of the entire letter. By far the greater part 
of these are formed by means of the Latin prefix RE-, the remarkable development of which in English is 
traced in the special article on pp. 186-7. The vast stretch of such forms, however, is broken here and there 
by important Romanic words of different formation, as real, realm, reason, regal, regular, etc., and by native 
or Scandinavian words, as read, ready, reap, reck, reckon, reed, reef, etc. 

Some other features of R may be briefly noted. It includes a remarkable number of groups of mono- 
syllabic words, written and (usually) pronounced alike, but of widely divergent origin and meaning. Ex- 
amples of these are race, rack, rag, rail, rake, rap, rape, rash, rat, rate, rave, ray, and in the later portion, 

* For these letters the comparative scale of this work and some other Dictionaries is shown by the following figures : 

Johnson. -E^do^dic'. 'Century'. Funk's Standard '. Here. 

Q. Words recorded 245 874 1058 971 a? 2 9 

Words illustrated by quotations 182 349 461 '08 "53 

Number of quotations 611 561 1316 156 9480 

R. Words recorded 1881 8400 9486 8480 17832 

Words illustrated by quotations 1549 3370 3755 977 '77'3 

Number of quotations 5002 5451 11670 131 110269 

In the corresponding portion of Richardson the quotations mtmher 531 for Q and 5765 for R. 



viii PREFACE TO THE LETTERS Q AND R. 

rout, rove, roiv, rnck, ruff. Very long articles are not numerous, but the verb RUN covers 37 columns, 
and the words derived from it occupy a good many more. The groups RIGHT and ROUND are also 
extensive, and the adjective RED has developed a surprising number of special collocations. Many 
words in R have considerable historical interest, such as ragman a , railroad and raihvay, reader, receiver, 
recorder, rector, reformation, register, regratcr, r credos, etc., and the treatment of these has frequently required 
special investigation and outside advice. 

The material originally collected for Q was subedited for the Philological Society by Mr. H. Hucks 
Gibbs, afterwards Lord Aldenham, whose work on it was of important service, although much new material 
had accumulated before the final editing began. Part of the original material for R (down to Rcb-) was 
very carefully subedited about the same time by the Rev. Prof. Skeat, while at a later date (1885-6) Rec- 
to Rig- was done by Mr. P. W. Jacob, and from 1893 to 1895 the remaining portion was worked over by 
Mr. J. Bartlett. Further work on the earlier part of the letter (down to Rashness) was also done from 1894 
to 1897 by the Rev. G. B. R. Bousfield. Here also much additional material had been collected during the 
intervening years. 

The whole of the proofs of Q and R were read by Mr. A. Caland of Wageningen, whose death on 
Feb. 18 of this year has deprived the Dictionary of one of its most devoted and helpful voluntary workers. 
For the earlier sections they were also read by the late Lord Aldenham (as far as Reserve) and the Rev. 
J. A. Milne (latterly of Cramond, Midlothian). Mr. H. Chichester Hart read those of R down to the time 
of his death in 1908, and the Rev. Canon Fowler of Durham has helped with the later sections of the letter. 

In the etymologies of all words adopted from languages not generally studied constant help was received 
from the late Mr. James Platt, Jun., who had made this branch of study particularly his own, and continually 
anticipated the needs of the Dictionary in respect of such words. For help readily given on other points 
acknowledgements are due to many persons, of whom the following require to be specially mentioned : 
Dr. Byvvater, Prof. Cook Wilson, the Provost of Oriel, Mr. H. T. Gerrans, the Controller of the University 
Press, and the Librarian of the Indian Institute ; the Rev. Prof. Skeat, Dr. Furnivall, Prof. Toller, the 
Rev. Prof. Hogg, Manchester, and Prof. Latta, Glasgow ; the former and the present Keeper of the Advocates 
Library, Edinburgh, the late Dr. T. G. Law of the Signet Library, Dr. D. Hay Fleming, and Mr. Maitland 
Anderson of the University Library, St. Andrews. Dr. A. MKenzie of the Birkbeck Institute has assisted 
with chemical terms, and Mr. C. Davies Sherbornc supplied a number of references for words belonging to 
the physical sciences. The numerous contributions of Mr. R. J. Whitwell have, as always, been of the 
greatest service for the treatment of legal and historical terms. In addition to these, many persons, in some 
cases on behalf of business firms, have readily given useful information relating to the origin, history, or some 
particular application of a single word. 

The important work of verification at the British Museum Library, without which many matters would 
remain doubtful, was voluntarily performed by Mr. E. L. Brandreth until his death in Dec. 1907, and since 
then has been generously undertaken by Mr. W. W. Jenkinson. 

The assistants who have taken a leading share in the preparation of Q and R, either during the whole 
or a considerable part of the time, have been Messrs. E. J. Thomas, J. M. Ramsay, L. F. Powell, F. R. Ray, 
R. Girvan, J. H. Smithwhite, G. Watson, H. E. G. Rope, and Mrs. L. F. Powell. The words beginning with 
RH- were separately prepared by Mr. C. T. Onions. 

W. A. CRAIGIE. 
OXFORD, March, 1910. 






A NEW 



ENGLISH DICTIONARY 



ON HISTORICAL PRINCIPLES. 



VOLUME VIII. Q TO SH. 

PART I. Q AND R. 



HENRY FROWDE, M.A. 

PUBLISHER TO THE UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD 

LONDON, EDINBURGH, NEW YORK 

TORONTO AND MELBOURNE 



A NEW 



ENGLISH DICTIONARY 



ON HISTORICAL PRINCIPLES; 



FOUNDED MAINLY ON THE MATERIALS COLLECTED BY 



EDITED BY 

SIR JAMES A. H. MURRAY, 

B.A. LOND-, M.A. OXON., LL.D. EDINB., LL.D. GLASG., LITT.D, DUBLIN, D.C.L. DURHAM, D.UTT. UNIV. WALES, D.LITT. CAPE TOWN, 

PH.D. FREIBURG IM BREISGAU FELLOW OP THE BRITISH ACADEMY ; HONORARY F.R.S. EDINB. ; FOREIGN 

MEMBER OF AMERICAN PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY, CORRESPONDING MEMBER OF 

IMPERIAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES^ VIENNA, OF THE ROYAL 

FLEMISH ACADEMY, BELGIUM, ETC. 



WITH THE ASSISTANCE OF MANY SCHOLARS AND MEN OF SCIENCE. 



VOLUME VIII. Q TO SH. 
PART I. Q AND R. 

BY W. A. CRAIGIE, 

M.A. OXON. J M.A., LL.D. ST. ANDREWS. 



OXFORD: 

AT THE CLARENDON PRESS. 

1910. 

[All rights reserved.] 



OXFORD 

PRINTED AT THE CLARENDON PRESS 

BY. HORACE HART, M.A. 
PRINTER TO THE UNIVERSITY 



PREFACE TO THE LETTERS Q AND R. 

THIS half-volume contains the words which begin with Q and R, the former being few in number in 
comparison with the latter. When reckoned up according to the system adopted for previous letters, Q is 
found to include 1633 Main words, 265 Combinations explained under these, and 433 Subordinate entries 
of obsolete or variant forms ; in all 2321. The obvious Combinations, recorded and illustrated by 
quotations, butnot requiring to be explained, number 408 more. Of the Main words, 389 are marked f as 
obsolete, and 56 are marked || as alien or not fully naturalized. 

On the other hand, R includes 10,434 Main words, 1273 special Combinations, 3579 Subordinate 
entries, or in all 15,286; there are further 2546 obvious Combinations, making a total of 17,832. Of 
the Main words 2475 are marked as obsolete, and 258 as alien.* 

The words beginning with Q (which in ordinary use is always followed by u] may as a whole be 
divided into three main classes, the native English, the Romanic (chiefly Latin and French), and those 
adopted from more remote (especially African, Asiatic, and American) languages. Of these classes the 
second is by far the greatest, and covers rather more than 50 pages out of the total of 80 required by 
this letter, which from the dictionaiy point of view is one of the smallest in the alphabet. A considerable 
number of words have been taken over from Latin without any change of form, as qiixre, quantum, quarto, 
quondam, quorum, etc., while many more have been assimilated to the usual English types. Some of these 
had their immediate source in Old French, which has also contributed very largely, e. g. quaint, quarrel, 
quarry, qtiarter (with a remarkable development of special senses, combinations, etc., extending to 19 
columns), quest, quit, quite. Under the influence of the French and Latin spelling, qtt- was substituted for 
the Old English cw-, and this accounts for the appearance here of a certain number of native words, covering, 
however, no more than 16 pages. The most important of these are quake, quean, queen, quell, quench, 
quick (which with its derivatives and combinations takes up 18 columns), and quoth. There are also 
some later words not demonstrably of foreign origin, a number of which appear to be imitative and intended 
to express the idea of shaking or trembling, as quab, quag, quap, quave, quaver, quiver, quop. The more alien 
words are of slight importance in comparison with the rest, but include quagga, quassia, and quina (whence 
quinine, etc.). 

The sources of R are more varied than those of Q, the letter being a common initial in many languages, 
but by far the greater number of the words beginning with it are naturally either Teutonic or Romanic. 
Greek, however, is the main source of the combination RH-, which extends over 15 pages. Apart from 
this small portion, the letter falls into two clearly marked divisions. The first of these includes RA- and from 
Rl- to the end, and is marked by a fairly even balance of the Teutonic and Romanic elements, each of which 
contributes a large number of the commonest and most essential words in the language. As usual, the 
native English words form the largest body within the Teutonic group, next come the Scandinavian, and 
last of all the Dutch, Flemish, and Low or High German. The second division is that of words beginning 
with RE-, which occupy no less than 436 pages, or more than half of the entire letter. By far the greater part 
of these are formed by means of the Latin prefix RE-, the remarkable development of which in English is 
traced in the special article on pp. 186-7. The vast stretch of such forms, however, is broken here and there 
by important Romanic words of different formation, as real, realm, reason, regal, regular, etc., and by native 
or Scandinavian words, as read, ready, reap, reck, reckon, reed, reef, etc. 

Some other features of R may be briefly noted. It includes a remarkable number of groups of mono- 
syllabic words, written and (usually) pronounced alike, but of widely divergent origin and meaning. Ex- 
amples of these are race, rack, rag, rail, rake, rap, rape, rash, rat, rate, rave, ray, and in the later portion, 

* For these letters the comparative scale of this work and some other Dictionaries is shown by the following figures : 

Johnson. -En^ctoj^dic'. 'Century'. Funk's ' Standard '. Here. 

Q. Words recorded 345 874 ^58 971 2729 

Words illustrated by quotations 182 349 461 108 2253 

Number of quotations 611 561 1316 156 9480 

R. Words recorded 1881 8400 9486 8480 17832 

Words illustrated by quotations 1549 3370 3755 977 !77'3 

Number of quotations 5002 5451 11670 I3 IQ 110269 

In the corresponding portion of Richardson the quotations number 531 for Q and 5765 for R. 



vi PREFACE TO THE LETTERS Q AND R. 

roi/t, rove, row, ruck, ruff. Very long articles are not numerous, but the verb RUN covers 37 columns, 
and the words derived from it occupy a good many more. The groups RIGHT and ROUND are also 
extensive, and the adjective RED has developed a surprising number of special collocations. Many 
words in R have considerable historical interest, such as ragman *, railroad and railway, reader, receiver, 
recorder, rector, reformation, register, regrater, reredos, etc., and the treatment of these has frequently required 
special investigation and outside advice. 

The material originally collected for Q was subedited for the Philological Society by Mr. H. Hucks 
Gibbs, afterwards Lord Aldenham, whose work on it was of important service, although much new material 
had accumulated before the final editing began. Part of the original material for R (down to Reb-) was 
very carefully subedited about the same time by the Rev. Prof. Skeat, while at a later date (1885-6) Rec- 
to Rig- was done by Mr. P. W. Jacob, and from 1893 to 1895 the remaining portion was worked over by 
Mr. J. Bartlett. Further work on the earlier part of the letter (down to Rashness) was also done from 1894 
to 1897 by the Rev. G. B. R. Bousfield. Here also much additional material had been collected during the 
intervening years. 

The whole of the proofs of Q and R were read by Mr. A. Caland of Wageningen, whose death on 
Feb. 18 of this year has deprived the Dictionary of one of its most devoted and helpful voluntary workers. 
For the earlier sections they were also read by the late Lord Aldenham (as far as Reserve) and the Rev. 
J. A. Milne (latterly of Cramond, Midlothian). Mr. H. Chichester Hart read those of R down to the time 
of his death in 1908, and the Rev. Canon Fowler of Durham has helped with the later sections of the letter. 

In the etymologies of all words adopted from languages not generally studied constant help was received 
from the late Mr. James Platt, Jun., who had made this branch of study particularly his own, and continually 
anticipated the needs of the Dictionary in respect of such words. For help readily given on other points 
acknowledgements are due to many persons, of whom the following require to be specially mentioned : 
Dr. Bywater, Prof. Cook Wilson, the Provost of Oriel, Mr. H. T. Gerrans, the Controller of the University 
Press, and the Librarian of the Indian Institute ; the Rev. Prof. Skeat, Dr. Furnivall, Prof. Toller, the 
Rev. Prof. Hogg, Manchester, and Prof. Latta, Glasgow ; the former and the present Keeper of the Advocates 
Library, Edinburgh, the late Dr. T. G. Law of the Signet Library, Dr. D. Hay Fleming, and Mr. Maitland 
Anderson of the University Library, St. Andrews. Dr. A. MKenzie of the Birkbeck Institute has assisted 
with chemical terms, and Mr. C. Davies Sherborne supplied a number of references for words belonging to 
the physical sciences. The numerous contributions of Mr. R. J. Whitwell have, as always, been of the 
greatest service for the treatment of legal and historical terms. In addition to these, many persons, in some 
cases on behalf of business firms, have readily given useful information relating to the origin, history, or some 
particular application of a single word. 

The important work of verification at the British Museum Library, without which many matters would 
remain doubtful, was voluntarily performed by Mr. E. L. Brandreth until his death in Dec. 1907, and since 
then has been generously undertaken by Mr. W. W. Jenkinson. 

The assistants who have taken a leading share in the preparation of Q and R, either during the whole 
or a considerable part of the time, have been Messrs. E. J. Thomas, J. M. Ramsay, L. F. Powell, F. R. Ray, 
R. Girvan, J. H. Smithwhite, G. Watson, H. E. G. Rope, and Mrs. L. F. Powell. The words beginning with 
RH- were separately prepared by Mr. C. T. Onions. 

W. A. CRAIGIE. 
OXFORD, March, 1910. 









KEY TO THE PRONUNCIATION. 



I. CONSONANTS. 



b, d, f, k, 1, m, n, p, t, v, z have their usual values. 



g as in ^D (go"). 

h ... ho \ (ho-n). 

r ... run (run), terrier (te'riaj). 

i ... her (baa), farther (faMSa.i). 

s ... Jee (s), cess (ses). 

w ... a/en (wen). 

hw . . . when (hwen). 

y ... .yes (yes). 



)> as in thin (J>in), taJh (baj>). 

y ... Men (Sen), baMe (be'S). 

J ... *4op (J>p), diM (dij). 

tj ... <r^op (tjop), di/<r/4 (ditj). 

3 ... virzon (vi-jan), de/euner (depone). 

d.? ... 'uae (daodj). 

n ... si-i.f (si-rjirj), thik (|)irjk). 

ng ... fm^isr (firjgai). 



(FOREIGN.) 

n as in French nasal, eviro (anviron). 

l y ... It. sera,f/K> (sera'l'o). 

nf ... It. sigaore (sn"<fre). 

X ... Ger. zch (ax), Sc. \oc/i (lox, 1X W ) 

X y ... Ger. \ch (ix y ), Sc. nicAt (nex't). 

y ... Ger. sa,jEn (za-yen). 

7' ... Ger. le^ien, re^nen 



ORDINARY. 

a as in Fr. a la mode (a la mod'). 

ai ... a.ye=yes (ai), Isaz'ah (aizara). 

sc ... man (msen). 

a ... pass (pas), chant (tjant). 

au ... load (laud), now (nan). 

v ... cut (kr>t), son (son). 

e ... yet (yet), ten (ten). 

... survey sl>. (souve), Fr. attach^ (ata{). 

Hg ... Fr. chf(Jjf). 

a ... evr (evsj), nat 1011 (n^''Jan). 

si ... I, eye, (ai), bind (baind). 

H i ... Fr. eau d vie ( d? vP). 

i ... sz't (sit), nystz'c (mistik). 

* ... Psyche (sai-ki), react (r/,se'kt). 

... achor (fi'koj), morality (morae'liti). 

01 ... oil (oil), boy (boi). 

o ... hero (hiTtf), zoology (zoiolodji). 

g ... what (hwgt), watch (wgtj). 

?,?* gt (gpt), soft (s^ft). 

116 ... Ger. Koln (koln). 

II o ... Fi.peu(po). 

u ... f<ll (ful), book (buk). 

iu ... duration (diur^'Jan). 

... unto (fnt), frgality (fr-). 

i ... Matthew (mse'))i), virtue (\yit\u). 

II ii ... Ger. Mailer (mii-ler). 

II ... Fr. dne (dwn). 

(see I, eX 6. 

i, o") 



,, , T 
see Vo1 ' T ' P- * xlv > nolc 3- 

' as in able 0?'b'l), eaten (it'n) = voice-glide. 



II. VOWELS. 

LONG. 

a as in alms amz), bar (bli). 



... crl (kpjl), fr (fw). 

e (e)... thre (8ej), por, pare (pe). 

i(e [ )... rein, rain (r/'n), they ($&). 

( ... Fr. fajre (fjr 7 ). 

3 ... fz'r (faj), fern (faan), arth 



I (i)... bzir (blj), cluar (klij). 

i ... thief ()>:T), s^ (s). 

5(6)... boar, bore (boj), glory (gl6*'ri). 

0(0*)... so, sow (so"), sol (sol). 

... wa/k (wgk), wart (wJt). 

p ... short (JpJt), thorn ())pan). 

Ho ... Fr. coeur (kor). 

||o ... Ger. Gothe (gote), Fr. jednc (son). 

u (u) .. poor (puj), moorish (mu'rij). 

iu, 'u... p<re (piuj), lre (l'u). 

... two moons (t mnz). 

iu, '... few (nu), lte (l't). 

|| M ... Ger. gr'n (grn), Fr. js (j). 



OBSCURE, 
a as in amoeba (amf-ba). 

se ... accept (sekse'pt), maniac (mif'-niaek). 



B ... datum (d 

e ... monvnt (mo-ment), several (se'veral). 

e ... separate (aay.) (se'par/t). 

e ... added (arded), estate (estei-t). 



i ... vanzty (vae'niti). 

t ... remain (riW'n), believe (bi'b'v). 

6 ... theory (Jjf-ori). 

H ... violet (vai'olet), parody (pae'rocli). 

9 ... /(thority (9))0'riti). 

f ... connect (k^ne'kt), amazon (x'maz 



ifi, 'ii verdwre (vaudiiu), measwre (me'5'ua). 
11 ... altogether (glt(ge'Saj). 
iit ... circalar 



l> the o in soft, of medial or doubtful length. 



I Only in foreign (or earlier English) words. 



In the ETYMOLOGY, 

OE. e, o, representing au earlier a, are distinguished as {, o (having the phonetic value of g and o, or 9, above) ; as in pide from andi ^OHG. antt, 

Goth, antlei-s), mottn from maun, pit from an. 






LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS, SIGNS, &c. 



a. [in Etymol.] 
a (as a 1300) ... 

a., adj., adj 

absol., absol. ... 
abst. 



ace 

ad. [in Etymol.]. 

adv., adv 

advb 

AF., AFr 

Anat 

Antiq 

aphet 

app 

Arab 

Arch 

arch 

Archsol. . . . 



assoc 

Astr. 

Astral. 

attrib 

bef. 

Biol. 

Boh 

Bot. 

Build. 

c (as c 1300) . 
c. (as I3th c.). 

Cat 

catachr. , 

Cf., cf. 

Chem , 

cl. L 

cogn. w 

collect 

colloq 

comb , 

Comb , 

Comm 

comp 

compl 

Conch. . . . 



toner 

conj. 

cons 

Const., Const. 



Cry st. . 
(DO 



Da 

dat 

def. 

deriv 

dial., dial. 

Diet 

dim 

Du 

Eccl. 

tllipt 

e. midl. ... 

Eng 

Ent 

erron 

/., esp.... 

etym 

cuphem. ... 
exc. ... 



f. [in Etymol.] ... 

(in subordinate 

entries) ......... 

em. (rarely f.) ... 



freq. 
Fris. 
G., Ger 
Gael. .. 



adoption of, adopted from. 
= ante, before. 

= adjective. 

absolutely. 

abstract. 

= accusative. 

adaptation of. 
= adverb. 

adverbial, -ly. 

Anglo-French, 
= in Anatomy. 

= in Antiquities. 
= aphetic, aphetized. 
= apparently. 
= Arabic. 

in Architecture. 
= archaic. 

= in Archaeology. 
= association, 
i in Astronomy. 
< in Astrology. 

attributive, -ly. 
before. 

in Biology. 

Bohemian. 
in Botany. 

; in Building, 
i circa, about. 

century. 

: Catalan, 
catachrestically. 
confer, compare. 
in Chemistry, 
classical Latin, 
cognate with, 
collective, -ly. 

colloquially, 
combined, -ing. 
Combinations. 

in commercial usage. 
compound, composition. 

complement. 

in Conchology. 

concretely. 
i conjunction. 

consonant. 

Construction, construed 
with. 

in Crystallography. 

in Davies (Snpp. Eng. 

Glossary). 
Danish, 
dative, 
definite. 

derivative, -ation. 
dialect, -al. 
Dictionary, 
diminutive. 
Dutch. 

in ecclesiastical usage, 
elliptical, -ly. 
east midland (dialect). 
English, 
in Entomology, 
erroneous, -ly. 
especially, 
etymology. 
: euphemistically, 
except, 
formed on. 

form of. 
feminine. 

figurative, -ly. 
: French. 

frequently. 
Frisian. 
German. 
Gaelic. 



gen 



gen. sign. 
Geol ..... 

Geom ..... 

Goth ..... 

Gr ........ 

Gram ..... 

Heb ..... 

Her. .... 

Herb ...... 

Hart ..... 

imp ..... 

impers. . 
impf. .... 

ind. ....... 

indef. .... 



mfl 
int. 

intr. . 
It. . 

J-, (J-) 
(Jam.) 





(L.) (in quotations) 

lang 

LGT 

lit. .. 

Lith 

LXX. ... 

Mai 

masc. (rarefy m.) 

Math 

ME 

Med. 

med.L 

Mech 

Metaph 

MHG 

midl 

Mil. 

Min 

mod 

Mus 

(N.) 

n. of action 

n. of agent 

Nat. Hist. 

Naut 

nent. (rarely n.) 

NF., NFr. 

N. O 

nom 

north 

N. T 

Numism 

obj 

Obs., 061., obs. ... 

occas 

OE. 

OF., OFr. 

OFris 

OHG 

Olr. 

ON 

ONF 

Oft. 

Ornitli 

OS 

OS1 

O. T 

OTeut 

orig. 

Paliumt. 

pa. pple. 

pass 



- genitive. 

= general, -ly. 

= general signification. 

= in Geology. 

= in Geometry. 

= Gothic (= Mcesc-Gothic). 

~ Greek. 

= in Grammar. 

= Hebrew. 

in Heraldry. 

= with herbalists. 

= in Horticulture. 

= Imperative. 

= impersonal. 

= imperfect. 

= Indicative. 

indefinite. 
= Infinitive. 
= influenced. 

- interjection. 

intransitive. 
= Italian. 

Johnson (quotation from). 
= in Jamieson, Scottish Diet. 
= Jodrell (quoted from). 

= Latin. 

- Latham's edn. of Todd's 

= language. [Johnson. 

= Low German. 

= literal, -ly. 

= Lithuanian. 

= Septuagint. 

= Malay. 

masculine. 

= in Mathematics. 

- Middle English. 
= in Medicine. 

= mediaeval Latin. 
= in Mechanics. 

in Metaphysics. 

= Middle High German. 
= midland (dialect). 

in military usage. 
= in Mineralogy. 

= modern. 

= in Music. 

= Nares (quoted from). 

= noun of action. 

= noun of agent. 

= in Natural History. 

= in nautical language. 

" neuter. 

Northern French. 

- Natural Order. 

nominative. 

= northern (dialect). 
= New Testament. 
= in Numismatics. 

object 

= obsolete. 
= occasional, -ly. 
= Old English ( = Anglo- 
Saxon). 
= Old French. 
= Old Frisian. 

Old High German. 

- Old Irish. 

- Old Norse (Old Icelandic). 
= Old Northern French. 

= in Optics. 

= in Ornithology. 

=- Old Saxon. 

= Old Slavonic. 

= Old Testament. 

= Original Teutonic. 

= original, -ly. 

= in Palaeontology. 

= passive or past participle. 

= passive, -ly. 



pa. t 
Path 
perh 
Pers 
pers 



Philol. .......... 

phonet ........... 

phr. ................ 

Phren ........... 

Phys. .. 

pi-,//. .......... 

pott. ................ 

pop .............. 

ppl. a., ppl-adj.. 
ile. . 



IP 

prec. 



pres 

Prim. sign. 

priv 

prob 

pron 

1 >n 11 an ic 

prop. ........ 

Pros 
pr. pple 
Psych 



(R.) 

R.C. Ch. 
refash 
re/I., refl. 



repr. 
Rhet 
Rom 
sb., sb 
Sc. .. 



sing. 

Skr. 

Slav 

Sp 

P 

spec 

subj 

subord. cl. 
subseq. . . . 

subst 

suff. 

superl. 

Surf. 

Sw. ... 



s.w 

T. (T.) 

techn 

Theol. 

tr. 

trans 

trans/. 

Trig. 

Typog. 

ult 

unkn 

U.S 

v. t vb 

v. sir., or w. 

vbl.sb 

var. 

wd 

WGer. 

w.midl 

WS 

(Y.) 

Zool. 



. = past tense. 

. = in Pathology. 

. = perhaps. 

. = Persian. 

. = person, -al. 

. = perfect. 

. = Portuguese. 

, = in Philology. 

. = phonetic, -ally. 

. = phrase. 

, = in Phrenology. 

, = in Physiology. 

. = plural. 

. = poetic. 

. = popular, -ly. 

. = participial adjective. 

. = participle. 

. = Provencal. 

. = preceding (word or article). 

. = prefix. 

= preposition. 

= present. 

Primary signification. 
= privative. 

= probably. 

= pronoun. 

= pronunciation. 

= properly. 

= in Prosody. 

= present participle. 

in Psychology. 

= quod vide, which see. 

= in Richardson's Diet. 

= Roman Catholic Church. 

>= refashioned, -ing. 

= reflexive. 

= regular. 

= representative, representing. 

= in Rhetoric. 

= Romanic, Romance. 

substantive. 
= Scotch. 

= scilicet, understand or supply. 
= singular. 
- Sanskrit. 
= Slavonic. 
= Spanish. 

spelling. 

= specifically. 

= subject, subjunctive. 

- subordinate clause. 

= subsequently. 

= substantively. 

= suffix. 

= superlative. 

= in Surgery. 

= Swedish. 

= south western (dialect). 

= in Todd's Johnson. 

= technical, -ly. 

= in Theology. 

-= translation of. 

= transitive. 

= transferred sense. 

= in Trigonometry. 

= in Typography. 

= ultimate, -ly. 

= unknown. 

= United States. 

= verb. 

= verb strong, or weak. 

= verbal substantive. 

= variant of. 

= word. 

= West Germanic. 

= west midland (dialect). 

= West Saxon. 

in Col. Yule's Glossary. 
= in Zoology. 



Before a word or sense. 
t = obsolete. 
H = not naturalized. 

In the quotations. 
* sometimes points out the word illustrated. 



In the list of Forms. 

1 = before noo. 

2 " 1 2th C. (lIOO tO I2OO). 

3 = I3th c. (1200 to 1300). 

5-7 = 1 5th to i;th century. (See General Explan- 
ations, Vol. I, p. xx.) 



In the Etymol. 
* indicates a word or form not actually found, but 

of which the existence is inferred. 
: = extant representative, or regular phonetic 

descendant of. 



The printing of a word in SMALL CAPITALS indicates that further information will be found under the word so referred to. 



A NEW 

ENGLISH DICTIONARY 

ON HISTORICAL PRINCIPLES. 



(VOLUME VIII.) 

Q - EEE. 

BY 

W. A. CRAIG IE, M.A. 
PREFATORY NOTES. 

Q. THIS section contains 1407 Main words, 265 Combinations explained under these, and 649 Subordinate entries ; 
in all 2321. The obvious combinations, recorded and illustrated by quotations, but not requiring individual explanation, 
number 408 more. Of the 1407 Main words, 962 are current and fully 'English,' 389 are marked t as obsolete, and 56 
are marked II as alien or not fully naturalized. 

Comparison with Dr. Johnson's and some more recent Dictionaries gives the following figures : 

Johnson. Enc^Sopsedic ' ' Century ' Diet. Funk's ' Standard '. Here. 

Words recorded 245 874 1058 971 2729 

Words illustrated by quotations 182 349 461 108 2253 

Number of illustrative quotations 611 561 1316 156 9480 
The number of quotations in the corresponding portion of Richardson is 660. 

Comparatively few of the words beginning with Q in English are of native origin. Out of the 80 pages of which 
this section consists, not more than 16 are occupied with the treatment of native words (even including several of doubtful 
etymology which appear in early Middle English). On the other hand the Latin element (adopted directly or through 
French) covers rather more than 50 pages. Of those words which have come down from OE. and are still in current use, 
the most important are quake, quean, queen, quell, quench, quern, quick (which with its derivatives and combinations occupies 

1 8 columns), and quoth (a relic of the obs. vb. quethe). The other Teutonic tongues have contributed very little; t quart 
(a. and sb. 1 ) and qtiey are from ON., quacksalver (abbrev. quacK) from Du., and quartz from German. Here may also be 
mentioned an interesting group of onomatopoeic words which express the idea of shaking or trembling, as quab, quag 
(see also quagmire), quap, quave, quaver, quiver, quop. 

A notable feature of the Latin element in Q is the number of words adopted without change of form, as qucere, 
quantum, quarto, quondam, quorum, etc. Those modified in accordance with English usage are also very numerous and 
important. Some of these were no doubt originally adopted through OFr., which has otherwise contributed largely, 
e. g. quaint, quarrel, quarry, quarter (with a remarkable development of special senses, combinations, etc., extending to 

19 columns), quest, quit, quite, etc. From mod.Fr. come quadrille, quarle, quartct(le, quinte and qui vive (erroneously 
explained in most English diets.). The other Romanic tongues are very slightly represented. 

More remote languages (American, African, etc.) have given such words as quagga, quahaug, quamash, qtiandong, 
quassia, quetzal, quina (with numerous derivatives) and quinoa : in the etymologies of these some advances have been 
made on previous dictionaries. 

More or less obscurity still attaches to the etymology of a considerable number of words in this section, some of 
which have been the subject of much discussion. Such are quaff, quail vb., qualm sb. 3 , quandary, queasy, queer, quibble, 
quill, quip, quirk, quiver vb., quiz and quoit. In these cases the historical evidence collected here may assist in leading to 
more definite results than have yet been attained. 



if PREFATORY NOTES. 

R Reactive. This section contains 1434 Main words, 294 Combinations explained under these, and 1237 
Subordinate entries, or 2965 in all. The obvious combinations recorded and illustrated number 738, making a total of 
3703. Of the Main words 388 are marked t as obsolete, and 66 are marked || as alien or not fully naturalized. 

Comparison with Dr. Johnson's and some more recent Dictionaries gives the following figures : 

Johnson. , Encyclopaedic '.* ' Century ' Diet. Funk's ' Standard '. Here. ; 

Words recorded, A' to Xeactive 257 1189 1440 1381 3703 

Words illustrated by quotations 204 427 492 116 2965 

Number of illustrative quotations 809 769 1731 181 14182 

* Including the Supplement of 1902. 
The number of quotations in the corresponding portion of Richardson is 760. 

As few of the words dealt with in this section have required extensive treatment, the number it contains is 
comparatively large. A notable feature is the prevalence of groups of monosyllabic words having the same form, but of 
different origin and meaning; the most striking examples of this are race, rack, rag, rail, rake, rap, rape, rash, rat, rate, 
rave and ray. In the section as a whole, both the Teutonic and Latin elements of the language are well represented. 

Among the more important words of English origin are rafter, raid (an old Sc. form, revived and popularized by 
Scott), rain, rainbow, rake sb. 1 , ram, rank adj., rather, raven, raw, and reacii. The adoptions from Scandinavian are 
numerous, and include race sb. 1 , raik, rake v. 1 , ransack (probably also rack sb. 1 , raft and rag), together with the verb raise, 
which has flourished at the expense of the native rear and forms the longest article in the section. A Du. or LG. origin 
seems probable in a few cases, as rack sb. 1 and sb.*, rant, and ravel. The French element is very large, and includes 
many of the commonest words, as race sb. 2 , rage, rail sb. 2 (whence the Eng. combs, railroad and railway), raisin, 
rampant, rampart, random, range, ransom, rascal, ravage, ravish, ray. The Fr. raser to shave, etc., appears in the three 
forms race, rase, and raze, each of which has now a specific sense. Among the Latin words which have been adopted 
(directly or through Fr.) with only a slight change of form are rabid, radial, radical, ramify, rancour, rapid, rapt, rapture, 
rare, rate, ratify, rational; of purely Latin form are rabies, radius, radix, ratio. The article on the prefix RE- introduces 
a class of Latin words and types which will bulk very largely in the sections immediately following on the present. The 
Gaelic contribution is as usual very small, being limited to raith, rann, rapparee, and rath. Adoptions from the more 
remote languages are also somewhat limited, the most prominent being rabbi(n), racoon, rajah, rajput, raki, ramadan, 
and rattan. 

The ultimate origin and precise history of a certain number of words still remains more or less obscure ; of these 
perhaps the most interesting and perplexing is RAGMAN 2 . 

Reactively Bee. This section contains 1390 Main words, 412 Combinations explained under these, and 843 
Subordinate entries, making 2645 in all. The obvious combinations, recorded and illustrated by quotations, number 395, 
giving a total of 3040. Of the Main words, 377 are marked t as obsolete, and 22 are .marked || as alien or not fully 
naturalized. 

Comparison with Dr. Johnson's and some more recent Dictionaries gives the following figures : 

Johnson. 'Encydopwdic'. 'Century' Diet. Funk's 'Standard'. Here. 

Words recorded, Reactivity to Ree 291 H95 '43 2 IO 9 2 3040 

Words illustrated by quotations 255 515 529 123 2677 

Number of illustrative quotations 872 778 1605 174 16156 

The number of quotations in the corresponding portion of Richardson is 945. 

Although this section contains comparatively few words of native origin, some of these are of considerable importance 
and interest, as the vb. read and its doublet rede, ready, reap (with a puzzling variety of early forms), rear (the native verb 
corresponding to the Scand. raise}, reck and reckless (with their obs. variants retch and reichless), reckon, and finally the adj. 
RED, the specific applications of which have involved much research and occupy a considerable amount of space. Of less 
prominent words, mention may be made of read sb. 1 , ream sb. 2 , rear adj. 2 , rearmouse, and rede sb. 1 

Apart from these, the important words in the section are of Latin or French origin, and many of these hold a very 
prominent place in the language. With a few exceptions, such as real, realm and reason, these words are formed with the 
prefix re-, although the original force of this is in many cases no longer felt. Among those which have most closely 
retained the Latin form are rebel, rebellion, recant, recede, recent, reception, recess, etc., while French influence is prominent 
in rebate, rebound, rebuke, rebut, receive, recover, redress, etc. The very abstract sense of some of these words (as receive, 
recover) causes considerable difficulty of arrangement, which is sometimes increased by the large number of obsolete uses 
which have to be recorded, as in the case of redound, redress, reduce. Formations of the type readapt, readdress, 
readhere, etc., are numerous, but seldom of special interest. In some cases the main element in such words is of English 
origin, as rebellow, recall, recast, recut. 

The only notable words which have a more remote origin than the above are realgar, ream (of paper), and rebeck. 
Etymological difficulties are comparatively few, and of minor importance. 

Of words having a historical interest those which chiefly deserve mention are rebalo, recheal, recognition, recognizance, 
recovery, and the agent-nouns reader, receiver, recorder, rector. 



Q. 



0(ki), the seventeenth letter of the modern and 
the sixteenth of the ancient Roman alphabet, 
was in the latter an adoption of the O (xoirva, 
koppa) of some of the early Greek alphabets. The 
Phoenician letter from which this was derived had 
the forms <p, tp,^>, and was used as the sign for 
the deeper or more guttural of the two /^-sounds 
which exist in the Semitic tongues (Hebrew p, 
Arabic Ji). Though this sound had no real equi- 
valent in Greek, O is found in early inscriptions, 
e. g. as the initial of Kuptvffos Corinth, but was not 
accepted as a letter of the Athenian alphabet, being 
retained only as a numerical symbol = 90. In Latin, 
however, Q was regularly employed, in combina- 
tion with V, in representing the double sound (kw) 
which arose partly from the labialized velar guttural, 
as in quis, quattuor, and partly from a palatal k 
followed by the labial semi-vowel, as in equus. In 
the Romanic tongues this Latin combination was 
either retained with its original value, or in certain 
cases (esp. in Fr.) was modified to a simple -sound. 
In the former case the spelling with qu- has com- 
monly been retained, even where the sound has at 
a later period been reduced to (k). 

The Latin qu- might naturally have been adopted 
in OE. orthography to represent the Common Teu- 
tonic initial combination kw- (for which Wulfila 
employed the special sign U) ; but though qu- is 
found in the earliest glosses and occas. in the Rush- 
worth gospels, the ordinary OE. symbol for the 
sound was cui- (in early use also <-). After the 
Conquest qu- was again introduced, though at first 
sparingly employed ; quarterns appears in the Laud 
MS. of the OE. Chron., an. 1 1 37, the Lambeth Horn. 
have quic, quiken (but civeS, civife), and Ortnin has 
quarrterme once, though regularly using civ- except 
in quaff rigan. In the 1 3th c. the usage varies in 
different MSS., and sometimes even in the same 
text. The earlier version of Layamon has regularly 
qu-, the later cm- ; the Leg. St. Kalh. and_//. have 
cw -, but qu- in quoS ; and the Anc re n Riivle usually 
cw-, even in French words, but also qu-, esp. in 
French words. In Gen. & Exod. there is no cw-, 
only qu- or quu- being used. By the end of the 
1 3th c. cw- was entirely discontinued, and qu- (or 
its variants qv-, qw-) was the established spelling 
for all cases of the sound (kw), whether of English, 
French, or Latin origin. The author of the Ayen- 
bite, however, also writes ku-, and this, as well as 
kw-, is occas. found in other MSS. of the 14-151!! c. 

In certain dialects of ME., however, the combina- 
tion^- (quu-,qv-,qw-*) wasnot confined towordsin 
which it represented OE. cw- or Romanic qu-, but 
also took the place of ordinary ME. wh- (OE. hw-~), 
as in quan, quat, qve/e, qwe/fe = when, what, wheel, 
whelp. The earliest occurrence of these spellings 
is in Gen. & Exod., where they are exclusively 
employed ; in later use they are characteristically 
northern, and are found as late as 1570, Levins 
having quilome, quip whilome, whip. In the 
14-1 5th c. the combinations qh- and qhw- are simi- 
larly employed in MSS. written in the NE. mid- 
lands. Scottish scribes preferred quh- (qvh-, ywh-), 
which is also, though more rarely, used in northern 
English MSS. ; this orthography survived till the 
i/th c., and is defended by A. Hume (Orthogr. 
Brit. Tongue 18) as a more correct method of 
VOL. VIII. 



representing the sound than wh-. On the other 
hand wh- was freq. written by northern scribes 
in the 14-15111 c. in place of qu-, as whik, wheme, 
white = quick, queme, quite ; and alliteration of 
original qu- with wh- is not infrequent in some 
poems, as the Wars of Alexander, Destr. Troy, 
and Morte Arthure. The pron. implied by this is 
still current in the northern and north-midland 
counties (not in Scotland) : see esp. the words 
QUAINT, QUEUE, QUEY, QUICK. 

In certain words of French origin, qu- varies 
with c- in ME. and early mod.E. As in OF., this 
is most common when n or ui follows : see the 
forms given under coif, coil, coin (quoin), coyn, 
quoit, cuirass, cuir-bouilli, cuisse, cushion, custron, 
and quaint. More rarely que- replaces original co- 
ot cu-, as in quengeoun congeoun, quenger conjure, 
quenquest conquest, queral coral, querch curch, 
quesing cousin, qnesirel cnstrel ; with these cf. the 
Norman quemander, quemencher, quemoditi, que- 
mun, etc. (Godef. and Moisy). In a few cases the 
qu- forms survive in western dial., as querd cord, 
guile coil, quint coin, quirt court. A similar varia- 
tion of c and q in native words is rare, but quo- is 
sometimes found for co-, as in quod cod, quodgel 
cudgel, quart core, quorn corn : see also QUEEST, 
QUITCH so. 1 and COUCH s6.' 2 , QUID si.S 

In ordinary mod.Engl. words Q is employed only 
in the combination qu, whether this is initial as 
in quake, quality, medial as in equal, sequence, 
or forming a final consonant (k) as in cheque, pique, 
grotesque. There is, however, a growing tendency 
among scholars to use Q by itself to transliterate 
the Semitic koph, writing, e.g., Qabbala, Qaraite, 
Qurdn for Cabbala, Karaite, Koran. 

I. 1. Illustrations of the use of the letter. 
CIOOO_>ELFRIC Gram. iii. (Z.) 6, k and k geendia5 on a 

aefter rihte. q geendaS on . 1530 PALSGR. 9 Whan v 
followeth q in a frenche worde..than shall be left un- 
sounded. 01637 B.^JoNSON Eng. Gram, iv, The English 
Saxons knew not this halting Q, with her waiting-woman 
after her. 1727-41 CHAMBERS Cycl. s. v., Many gram- 
marians, in imitation of the Greeks, banish the Q, as a 
superfluous letter. 1797 Encycl. Brit. (ed. 3) 724/2 The q is 
never sounded alone, but in conjunction with u. .and never 
ends any English word. 1872 MORRIS Eng. Accid. 61 
From this table of consonants we have omitted..^, because 
this is equivalent to kw. 

2. Used to denote serial order, as ' Q Battery ', 
' Section Q", etc., or as a symbol of some thing or 
person, a point in a diagram, etc. 

t 3. Q in the corner, 1 puss in the corner. Obs. 

1782 Miss BURNEY Cecilia I. 41, I will either hide or seek 
with any boy in the parish ; and for a Q in the corner, 
there is none more celebrated. 

II. Abbreviations. 

1. Of Latin words or phrases, f a. Q (in 
mediaeval notation) = 500 ; q., qu. = QUASI, as 
if ; q. = quatirans farthing. Obs. b. f q. d. = 
quasi dictum ' as if said ', quasi dicat ' as if one 
should say", etc. ; fq. e. = quod est 'which is'; 
q. v. = quod vide ' which see '. ) C. From the 
language of medical prescriptions : q. 1. = quantum 
libet, q. pi. = quantum placet ' as much as one 
pleases ' ; q. s. = QUANTUM SUFFICIT ; q. v. = quan- 
tum vis ' as much as you wish '. a. Formulae 
placed at the end of mathematical problems, etc. : 
Q.E.D., Q.E.F., Q.E.I., = quod erat demonstran- 
dum, faciendum, inveniendum, ' which was to be 
demonstrated, done, found '. 



1543 RECORDE Gr. Aries (1575) 29, q a farthing the iiij part 
of a penny. 1631 WEEVER Anc. Fun. Man. 240 Worth 1412 A 
45. -jd. ob. q. 1658 PHILLIPS, Alfreton q. Alfred's Town. 
1678 Ibid. (ed. 4), Bangle-eared (qu. Bendle-eared). 1710 
Land. Gaz. No. 4706/2 The Ballance .. amounting to 
TToig/. u. s</. zq. has been.. credited to the Publick. 1721 
BAILEY, Gossip, of GW,and Syb t . .a Kinsman, f. d. Kindred 
in God. 1722 QUINCY Phyt. Diet. 69/2, q. s. A sufficient 
Quantity. 1818 MOORE Fudge Fam. Paris ii. 127 The 
argument's quite new, you see, And proves exactly Q. E. D. 
1848 MRS. GASKELL M. Barton (1882) 86/2 [My thoughts] 
don't follow each other like the Q. E. D. of a Proposition. 

2. Of English words or phrases, a. Q. = Queen ; 
Q., q. = query, question ; q. (in a ship's log) = 
squalls; tq.= quod, QUOTH. Sc. Obs. b. Q.B.= 
Queen's Bench; Q.C. = Queen's Counsel (hence 
Q.C.-dom) ; Q.M. = Quartermaster ; Q.M.G. = 
Quartermaster-General; Q. T., q. t. = quiet, slang. 
C. f qd. = quod, QUOTH. Obs. ; qr. = quarter, quire ; 
qt. = quart, quantity ; qu. = query. 

1525 Douglas' JEntis (Small) IV. 231 Qd. Gawinus 
Douglas. 1568 Bann. MS. in Poems A. Scott (S. T. S.) iii. 
18 ffinis q. Alex'. Scott. Ibid, xviii 52, q. Scott off be Mr. 
of Erskyn. 1625 BACON Ess., Prophecies (Arb.) 536 The 
Q. Mother, .caused the King her Husbands Natiuitie to be 
calculated. 1711 Land. Gaz. No. 4845/4, 4 Bales qt. each 
3 c. of Coffee. 1734 WARD Young Math. Guide (ed. 6) 90 
A Grocer bought 3 c. i qr. 14 Ib. Weight of Cloves. 1865 
Cornh. Mag. Aug. 144 The hard struggle was over, the com- 
parative table-land of Q. C.^dom gained. 1884 G. MOORE 
Mummer 1 s Wife (1887) 99 It will be possible to have one 
spree on the strict q. t. 1892 MRS. CLIFFORD Aunt Anne II. 
293 She is sister of an eminent Q. C. 

Q, obs. form of CUE so. 2 ; see also Qu. 

Qhat, Qheehe, Qhom, qhwom, Qhythson- 
tyd, obs. ff. WHAT, WHICH, WHOM, WHITSUNTIDE. 

t Qu, Q, var. of CUE si. 1 , half-a-farthing. Obs. 

c 1440, 1617 [see CUE]. 1594 LYLY Moth. Bomb, in Old 
PL (1814) I. 264 [To Halfpenny] Rather pray there be no 
fall of money for then wilt thou go for a q. 1597 \st Pt. 
Returtt fr. Parnass. I. i. 434 Adew single beare and three 
qus of breade. 1674 JEAKE Aritk. (1606) 77 Some, .divide 
the Farthing into 2 Ques, the Q into 2 Cees. 

II Qua (kw^i), adv. Also qua-, quft. [L., the 
abl. sing. fern, of qui who.] In so far as ; in the 
capacity of. 

1647 WARD Simp. Cooler 56 Every man was as good a 
man as your Selfe, qua man. 1649 Bounds Publ. Obed. 
(1650) 90 The Apostle commands Wives to submit to their 
Husbands, surely qua Husbands, not qua. men. 1776 
Claim Roy Rada Churn 17/1 (Stanf.) A body corporate, 
qua corporate, cannot make an affidavit. 1885 Manch. 
Exam. 4 Apr. 4/6 Their censures are not directed against 
the Church qua Church, but against the Church qua 
Establishment. 

t Qua, abbrev. of L. quadrans farthing ; cf. 
QUADRANT sb. 1 2 b. Obs. 

1631 WF.EVER Anc. Fun. Mon. 766 It was valued at . . three 
pounds foure shillings, pennie, halfe penny qua. 

Qua, obs. northern form of WHO. 

Quaa, variant of QUAW, bog. St. 

Quaake, obs. var. of QUACK z>. 2 

tOuab, JvM Obs. rare. Also 7 quabbe, 8 
quobb(e. [a. MDu. (and MLG.) quabbe (Du. 
kwab, kwabbe, (L)G. quabbe, Da. kvabbe, Sw. 
qvabba), burbot or eelpout, goby, .tadpole ; var. of 
qitafpe, OLG. quappa\ 

1. a. A sea-slug (see HOLOTHUBIAN sb.). b. An 
eelpout or burbot, c. (See QUABLINO.) 

1617 MIKSHEU Ductor, A Quabbe, a kinde of fish.. Holo- 
.huria. Ibid., A Quabbe, or Eele-powt . . Muslela fluvia- 
tilis. 1748 Phil. Trans. XLV. 174 An extraordinary 
Fish in that Country [Russia], called the Quab, which is 
reported to be first a Tadpole, then a Frog, and at last 
a Fish. 1709 W. TOOKE View Russian Emp. III. 113 
Quobbs are likewise in the Irtysh in surprising numbers. 

2. fig. A crude or shapeless thing. 

1628 FORD Lover's Mel. m. iii, I will show your highness 

1 



QUAB. 

A trifle of mine own brain . . a scholar's fancy, A quab ; 'tis 
nothing else, a very quab. 

Quab, sb? Obs. exc. dial. (quob). Also 7 
quabbe. [ = Du. kwabbe a boggy place ; cf. MLG. 
quabbel slime, and see QUAG.] A marshy spot, 
a bog. Cf. QUABMIRE. 

1617 MINSHEU Ductor, A Quabbe, or quagmire, a 1656 
USSHER Ann. VI. (1638) 596 Defended by the Maeotis and 
those quabs. 1847 HALUWELL, Quob, a quicksand or bog. 
West. 1879 Miss JACKSON Shropsh. Word-tk., Qtiob, a 
marshy spot in a field ; a quagmire. 

Quab, v. Obs. exc. dial. (quob). [var. of 
QUAP v. ; cf. G. quabbeln in same sense.] intr. 
To beat, throb, quiver. Hence Quabbing ///. a. 

1663 Flagellant, or O. Cromwell (1672) 123 A dangerous 
impostume [printed -ure] of ambition, whose quabbing, 
beating pains gaue them no rest. 1863 BARNES Dorset 
Gloss., Quob, to quiver, like jelly. 1881 Leicester Gloss., 
Qitob, to throb. 

Qna-bird (kwa-baid). U.S. Also 8 quaw-. 
[f. qua, imitative of its note + Bim] The Night 
Heron of North America, Nycticorax nsevius or 
Gardeni. 

1780-96 MORSE Amer. Geosr. I. 212 Quaw-bird or Frog 
Catcher. 1835 Penny Cycl. IV. 471 The Night Heron or 

ua Bird.. is found in both the old and new world. 1890 
. GOSSE Life P. H. Gosse 115 Thompson's Point, the former 
residence of the night-heron or qua-bird. 

t Qua'bling. 06s. rare 1 , [f. QOAB sbJ- + 
-LING.] A goby or gudgeon. 

1617 MINSHEU Ductor, A Quabling, or little Quabbe,.. 
gobio. 

Quabmire. Obs. exc. dial. (quob-). [f. QUAB 
sb.l or ., but found earlier.], A quagmire. 

1597 BROUGHTON Ep. Nobil. Eng. Wks. 570 Oversights, 
which for a dry causie bring us to quabmyres. 1841 HARTS- 
HORNE Salop. Aritiff. Gloss. 539 Q-uobmire, a quagmire. 

Quacha, obs. form of QCAGGA. 

t Qua-cham. Obs. rare 1 . (?) 

1515 BARCLAY Egloges iv. (1570) C. iv. b/2 We other 
Shepnerdes . . Of common sortes, leane, ragged and rent, 
Fed with rude frowise, with quacham, or with crudd. 

Quacia, obs. form of QUASSIA. 

Quack (kwsek), sbl Also 7 quaoke. [Abbrev. 

OfQUACKSALVEB.] 

1. An ignorant pretender to medical or surgical 
skill; one who boasts to have a knowledge of 
wonderful remedies ; an empiric or impostor in 
medicine. = CHARLATAN 2. 

1659 T. PECKE Parnassi Puerf. 145 Sir Quack his Patient 
told, nothing could cure The stubborn Feaver. 1683 
KENNETT tr. Erasm. on Folly 47 All these hard named 
fellows cannot make So great a figure as a single Quacke. 
X7 DE FOE Plague (1754) 36 Running after Quacks and 
Mountebanks, .for Medicines and Remedies. 1783 CRABBE 
Village I, A potent quack, long versed in human ills, Who 
first insults the victim whom he kills. 1809 W. IRVING 
Knickerb. (1861) 127 He who has once been under the hands 
of a quack, is for ever after prone to dabble in drugs. 1880 
BEALE Slight Ailm. 22 Persons would be easily influenced 
by what the quack says. 

2. transf. One who professes a knowledge or 
skill- concerning subjects of which he is ignorant. 
= CHARLATAN 3. 

1638 FORD Fancies ill. i, There he sits. .The very quack 
[ftft.quaik, quake] of fashions. z7ioSrEELE TatlerNo. 195 
P 2 Rules for knowing the Quacks in both Professions [Law 
and Physic]. 1782 COWPER Progr. Err. 474 Church quacks, 
with passions under no command, Who fill the world with 
doctrines contraband. 1864 BURTON Scot Abr. I. v. 249 
There is scarcely an instance of a lord rector having been 
a clamorous quack or a canting fanatic. 

8. attrib. and Comb., as quack-advertisement, -bill, 
-bookseller, -doctor, -medicine, etc.; also quack- 
adoring, -ridden adjs. 

1653 H. MORE Antid. Ath. m. ix. 2 (Schol.) Principles 
that no . . pert Saucy Quack-Theologist can any way ener- 
vate. 1695 tr. ColbatcKs New Lt. Chirurg. Put out Title-p., 
The Base Imposture of his Quack Medicines, a. 1704 T. 
BROWN Table Talk in Coll. Poems (1705) 130 A Chymist .. 



and Quack-Booksellers being usually pasted together on 
the same posts. 1785 Europ. Mag. VIII. 469 A dialogue 
between the doctor and his clerk satirizes quack advertise- 
ments. 1839 CARLYLE Chartism v. 138 Europe lay pining,. . 
quack-ridden, hag-ridden. 1855 BROWNING Bp. Blougram 
366 Quack-nonsense about crowns, And.. The vague idea 
of setting things to rights. 1874 HELPS Soc. Press, ii. 26 
A puffing, advertising, quack-adoring world. 

Quack (kwsek), rf.2 [Imitative : cf. Du. kwak , 
G. quack, Sw. qvack (of ducks or frogs), Icel. kvak 
twittering of birds. See also QUAKE int.'] The 
harsh cry characteristic of a duck ; a sound resem- 
bling, or imitating this. b. humorously. A duck. 

183^ Lett. fr. Madras (1843) 2 9 Showing his teeth, and 
uttering a loud quack ! 1869 BLACKMORE Lorna D. x, He 
gave me a look from his one little eye . . and then a loud 
"uack to second it. a 1897 Bird o' Freedom (Barrere & 

-eland), I send her herewith a couple of quacks. 1901 
A. R CONDER Seal Silence 211 The voice of the footman 
rose high above the general quack of conversation. 

t Quack, sb.Z Obs. rare. In 5 quakke, 6 
quaoke. [Imitative : cf. QUACKLE w. 1 and LG. 
quakken to moan, groan.] A state of hoarseness 
or croaking in the throat. 

c 1386 CHAUCER Reeve's T. 232 He yexeth, and he speketh 
thurgh the nose As he were on the quakke, or on the pose. 



2. 1 



1577 HARRISON England n. xxii. (1877) i. 338 The smoke 

, . was reputed a far better medicine to keepe the goodman 

and his familie from the quacke or pose. 

Quack (kwsek), v.i [f. QUACK 

1. intr. To play the quack, a. To pretend to 
have medical knowledge ; to dabble ignorantly in 
medicine, b. To talk pretentiously and ignorantly, 
like a quack, t Also with of. 

1628 VENNER Baths of Bathe (16^0) 362 In quacking for 
Patients he is so kind and free of his service. 1678 BUTLER 
Hud. in. i. 330 To quack of universal cures. Ibid. 364 
A Virtuoso, able To smatter, quack, and cant, and dabble. 
1722 DE FoE/Vtfi/ (Rtldg.) 45 Ignorant Fellows; quacking 
and tampering in Physick. 1756 C. LUCAS Ess. Waters I. 
Pref., Enlighten then their understandings .. and who 
then will venture to quack, or be quacked ? 1876 G. 
MEREDITH Beauck. Career III. ii. 20, A wiseacre who went 
quacking about the country, expecting to upset the order 
of things. 

2. trans. To advertise, puff, or palm off with 
fraudulent and boastful pretensions, as a quack- 
medicine or means of cure. fAlso with forth. 
f To quack titles : to invent new titles for old books 
in order to make them sell. 

1651 BIGGS AVro Disp. Pref. 9 To be Quacked forth in 
Bartholmew-Fayr. 1651 CLEVELAND Poems 33 Could I (in 
Sir Emp'ricks tone) Speak pills in phrase, and quack destruc- 
tion. 1715 MRS. CENTLIVRE Gotham Elect. i,. My third 
Son is a bookseller, .he has an admirable knack at quacking 
Titles. 1737 BRADLEY Fam. Diet. s. v. Gill ale, A notorious 
Imposition, which is quack 'd upon the World . . to be a 
great Restorative and Curer of Consumptions. 1830 Ex- 
aminer 610/2 The Politician must be quacked, paragraphed, 
. .and coteried into notoriety. 

3. To treat after the fashion of a quack ; to 
administer quack medicines to ; to seek to remedy 
or put right by empirical or ignorant treatment. 
Also with ///. 

1746 H. WALPOLE Lett, to Mann (1833) H- 124 If he has 
any skill in quacking madmen, his art may perhaps be of 
service now. 1757 ELIZ. GRIFFITH Lett. Henry fy Frances 
(1767) I. 84, I am. .as * hoarse as bondage '. I shall there- 
fore stay here to-night, and quack myself. 1778 Sketches 
for Tabernacle Frames 17 For quacking Souls you cannot 
be attack'd. 1810 BENTHAM racking (ifai) 144 Epitaph on 
a Valetudinarian, who quacked himself to death. 1820 
COL. HAWKER Diary (1893) I. 195, I tried with bricks, 
baskets and everything., to quack up one of them [defective 
chimneys], a 1876 HT. MARTINEAU Autobiog. (1877) I. 147 
The less its condition is quacked, .the better for the mind's 
health. 

Hence Quacked///, a. 

a 1876 HT. MARTINEAU A utobiog. (1877) II. 461 Such ex- 
hortations are too low for even the . . quacked morality of 
a time of theological suspense. 

Quack (kwsek), z/.2 Also 8 quaake. [Imita- 
tive : cf. Du, kwakken, G. quacken to croak, quack. 
Older variants are QUACKLE, QUAKE, QUECK, q.v.] 

1. intr. Of a duck: To utter its characteristic 
note. Also with cognate obj. 

1617 MINSHEU Ductor^ To Quacke as a ducke, . .coaxare. 
' icks 



731 

jimmiig a oise, asducks do. 1755 JOHNSON, QIUU.K, . . mis 
word is often written gnaake, to represent the sound better. 
1815 [see QUACKING vbl. $b?\. x86a G. KEARLEY Links in 
Chain ix. (1863) 322 [The duck] no sooner recognized the 
aviary . . than he quacked vehemently. 1869 BLACKMORE 
Lorna D. x, There were thirteen ducks .. and . . they all 
quacked very movingly. 1893 EARL DUNMORE Pamirs I. 
185 They [some ducks] .. quacked the quack of derision 
at us. 

b. Of a raven or frog: To croak, rare. 

1727 BOYER Anglo-Fr. Diet., To Quack (or to croak, as 
Ravens do), croasser. 1892 TENNYSON Foresters ii. ii. 97 
My frog that used to quack When I vaulted on his back. 

2. transf.. To make a harsh sound like the note of 
a duck ; to make a noisy outcry. 

a 16x4 BP. M. SMITH Serm. (1632) 136 An example to all 
busie-bodyes, that will dare . . to quacke against their betters. 
1894 HALL CAINE Manxman 265 He puffed till his lips 
quacked, though the pipe gave out no smoke. 

Quack, Quack-belly, -breech, -myre, 
Quacker : see QUAKE v. l t QUAKER. 
Quackery 1 (kwse-kari). [f. QOACK sbl + -EBY.] 

The characteristic practices or methods of a quack ; 
charlatanry. 

1709-11 J. SPINKE (title) Quackery Unmask'd. 1717 LADY 
M. W. MONTAGU Let. to Abbe Conti i Apr., I know you 
Condemn the quackery, .as much as you revere the , .truths, 
in which we both agree. 1798 Trans. Soc. Arts XVI. 190 
All the nostrums offered., are mere quackery. 1840 CARLYLE 
Heroes (1858) 187 Quackery and dupery do abound; in 
religions . . they have fearfully abounded. 1874 MAHAFFY 
Soc. Life Greece ix. 273 The old quackery of charms and 
incantations. 1885 Contemp. Rev. June 908 Theosophy [is] 
. .one of the least interesting of spiritual quackeries. 

Quackery ^(kwse'kari). nonce-wd. [f.QuACK^.2 
+ -EBT.] The quacking of a number of ducks. 

1828 J. WILSON in Blackw. Mag. XXIV. 293 A sort of 
low, thick, gurling, . . nor unmusical quackery. 1831 Ibid. 
XXX. 966 The quackery of a startled storm of wild ducks. 

Quackhood (kwse-khud). [f. QUACK sbl + 

-HOOD.] = QUACKERY 1 . 

1843 CARLYLE Past <V Pr. m. xiii, To worship new and 
ever-new forms of Quackhood. 

Quacking (kwse-kin), vbl. sbJ- [f. QUACK v. 1 
+ -ING 1 .] The action or practice of playing the 
quack ; ignorant dabbling in medicine. 
165* WADSWORTH tr. Colmenero's Treat. Chocolate Introd. 



QUACKSALVER. 

Verses. Leave Quacking ; and Enucleate The yertues of 
Chocolate. 1664 EVELYN Sylva 34 Quacking is not my 



X733 CHEYNE Eng. Malady in. Introd. (1734) 265 The 
Medicines I have only hinted at to prevent the Quacking 
of Patients themselves. 1817 J. W. CHOKER in C. Papers 
7 Aug. (1884), They found ..the patient so reduced by .. 
alternate quacking and indulgence. 

attrib. 1682 S. PORDAGE Medal Rev. 210 Some State- 
Physicians , . on thee . . would try some quacking trick. 

Quacking (kwae-kirj), vbl. sb.% [f. QUACK z>.2 
+ -iNGi.] Tne uttering of the harsh sound denoted 
by the vb. 

1815 W. H. Inuum&rdfi/SMMMAi i The sage waddling 
goose, Whose quacking you'll own is the very repeater Of 
my famous Muse. 1880 MACKENZIE Dis. Throat $ Nose I. 
491 The barking of a dog or the quacking of a duck, 1892 
BARING-GOULD Trag. Csesars I. 218 Being incommoded by 
the quacking of frogs he ordered them to be silent. 

Quacking (kwse'kirj), ///. <*.* [f. QUACK z>.i 
-f-iNG^.] That acts or practises as a quack. 

1628 VENNER Baths of Bathe (1650) 357 To . . reject the 
counsell of any quacking Physician. 172* DE FOE Plague 
(1754) 39 These quacking sort of Fellows rais'd great Gains 
out of the miserable People. 1843 LE FEVRE Life Trav. 
Phys. II. i. xiv. 31 A more quacking race . . does not exist, 
and they are always swallowing some kind of medicine. 

Quacking (kwse-kirj), ///. a.2 [f. QUACK v.2 
That quacks or makes a sound as a duck. 



i6ao DEKKER Villanies Disc, xvii, A Quacking cheate, 
a Ducke. 1898 R. HICHENS The Londoners 82 The quacking 
voice hurled out these last three words with impressive 
emphasis. 

Quackish. (kwse-kij) , a. [f. QUACK sbl + -ISH.] 
Ot the nature of a quack or quackery. 

1731 Hist. Litteraria III. 558 To complete his quackish 
Farce [he] spread printed Bills all over Paris. 1790 BURKE 
Fr. Rw. 198 All the arts of quackish parade. 1800 Monthly 
Mag. XIII. 131 Regular, not quackish innovating prac- 
titioners. 1865 Sat. Rev. Nov. 570 Another . . confounds 
preaching the Gospel with a quackish interpretation of 
prophecies. 

Hence Qua-ckishly adv. 

1816 J. GILCHRIST P kilos. Etym. 119 Do not let them 
. .quackishly boast of new light and great discovery. 

Quackism (kwse'kiz'm). [f. QUACK sbl + -ISM.] 
Quackery, charlatanism. 

1720-21 Lett. Mist's Jrnl. (1722) II. 22, 1 understand that 
is exploded as Quackism by the Judicious. 1762 LLOYD 
St. Jameses Mag. I. iv, Others, in the true spirit of 
Quackism, circulate their intentions by handbills. 1833 
CARLYLE Misc. Ess., Cagliostro (1899) 274 What unmeasured 
masses of Quackism were set fire to. 

Quackle (kwse-k'l), vl Obs. exc. dial. [Imita- 
tive : cf. QUACK sb.S] trans, and intr. To choke. 

1622 S. WARD Woe to Drunkards (1627) 22 The drinke or 
something in the cup quackled him, stucke so in his throat, 
that . . [it] strangled him presently. 1655 GURNALL Chr. in 
Arm. i. (1665) 72 God knowes, thou art almost quackled 
with thy teares. 1806 BLOOMFIELD Wild Flowers Poems 
(1845) 221 Some quack'ling cried, 'let go your hold'; The 
farmers held the faster. 1865 Standard 19 Sept., The verb 
' to quackle ' is used in Suffolk in reference to suffocation, 



Quackle (kwae-k'l), v% [In form a deriv. of 
QUACK v. 2 , but found earlier.] intr. To quack, as 
a duck. Hence Qua-ckling vbl. sb. and///, a. 

1564-78 BULLEYN Dial. agst. Pest. (1888) 64 Vpon a tyme 
when quacklyng Duckes did speake and caklyng hennes 
could talke. 1825 HONE Every-day Bk. I. 534 The loud . . 
quackling of ducks, .is a sign of rain. 1837 CARLYLE Fr. 
Rev. II. i. i, Simple ducks, .quackle for crumbs from young 
royal fingers. 1865 MRS. WHITNEY Gayworthys I. xi 
Underneath.. splashed and quackled the ducks. 

Quackmire, variant of QUAKEMIBE. 

Quack-quack (kw2ek,kwsek). [Imitative : see 
QUACK sb.*\ An imitation of the note of a duck ; 
a nursery name for a duck. 

x86s DICKENS Mut. Fr. in. xv, Mew says the cat, Quack- 
quack says the duck. 1869 OUIDA Puck xxxviii. (1873) 491 
[They] could not themselves tell for their lives . . a canvas- 
back duck from a quack-quack of the gutter. 1889 MIVART 
Truth. 226 ' Quack-quack ' and ' gee-gee ' are just as good 
abstract universal terms as * duck ' and ' horse '. 

Hence Quack -quacking vbl. sb. 

1824 CARLYLE tr. Wilhelm Meister (1864) II. 257 As the 
duck on the pond . . to the future quack-quacking and gibble- 
gabbling of his life. 

Quacksalver (kwse'ksKlvai). Also 6-7 
quack(e)-, 7 quaksaluer. [a. early mod.Du. 
(i6th c.) quacksalver (Kilian; mod.Du. kwak- 
za/ver), whence also G. quacksalber^ Sw. qvack- 
salfvare : the second element is f. sa/f y zalf salve, 
ointment, and the first is commonly regarded as 
the stem of quacken (mod.Du. kwakken) to quack. 

On this view a quacksalver is one who ' quacks ' or boasts 
about the virtues of his salves ; it has however been sug- 
gested that guack~ or fozuak- may mean * to work in a feeble 
bungling fashion ' (Franck).] 

1, An ignorant person who pretends to a know- 
ledge of medicine or of wonderful remedies : = 
QUACK sbJ- i. 

Very common in i7thc, ; in later times largely superseded 
by the abbreviation QUACK sb. 1 

1579 GOSSON Sch. Abuse (Arb.) 53 A quacke-saluers Budget 
of filthy receites, 1605 B. JONSON Volpone n. ii, They are 
quack-sal uers, Fellowes, that Hue by senting oyles, and 



QtTACKSALVING. 

drugs. 1658 ROWLAND tr. Moitfet's Theatr. Ins. 1074 One 
accidental rash cure of a disease . . makes a Quacksalver a 
great Physician. 1719 D'URFEY Pills (1872) IV. 87 Come 
you Quack-salvers that do kill Sometimes a Patient by your 
skill. 1856 VAUGHAN Mystics (1860) II. vm. ix. 98 What 
a gulf between the high personage our romance imagines 
and . . that shuffling quacksalver which our matter-of-fact 
research discovers. 

attrib. a 1670 HACKET Cent. Strut. (1675) 544 St. Peter 
had no such Quacksalver tricks in Divinity. 

2. transf. = QUACK a. 

1611 W. BAKER Panegyr. Verses in Coryats Crudities, 
The Anatomic dissection or cutting up of that great Quack- 
salver of words Mr. Thomas Coryate our British Mercuric. 
1889 SWINBURNE Stud. B. Jonson 43 Brother Zeal-of-the- 
land is no vulgar impostor, no mere religious quacksalver. 

Hence Quacksalver! sm, f -salvery, quackery. 

1617 MINSHEU Ductor, Quacksaluerie. 1864 CARLYLE 
Fredk. Gt. IV. 392 Sublime quacksalverism. 

t Quacksalving (kwse-ksselvirj), ppl. a. Obs. 
[f. "quacksalve vb. (inferred from QUACKSALVEE) + 
-ING 2 .] Quackish. 

1. Of things : Belonging to, or characteristic of, 
a quacksalver. 

1608 MIDDLETON Mad World n. vi, Any quacksalving 
terms will serve for this purpose, a 1691 Bp. CROFT in 
Somers Tracts (ed. Scott) VII. 290 Generals and particulars, 
the quid, the quote, the quantum, and such-like quack- 
salving forms. 

2. Of persons : Resembling, acting like, a quack. 
1608 DEKKER Lantk. <$ Cand. k. Quack-saluing Empericks. 

i6ao MELTON Astrolog. 18 If you should kill three hundred, 
you would still remain but a Quack-salving Physician. 1622 
MASSINGER & DEKKER Virg. Mart. iv. i, Quacksalving, 
cheating mountebanks ! 1649 C. WALKER Hist. Independ. 
n. 207 A Quack-salving Doctor of Phisick. 

Hence f Quacksalvingly adv., in the manner of 
a quack. Obs. 

1652 GAOLE Magastrom. 105 An experiment in physick or 
medicine, sc.. brought to effect, many times, empirically, 
quacksalvingly, ignorantly. 

t Qua'Ckster. Ots. rare- 1 , [f. QUACK zi.i + 
-STEH.] A quack, quacksalver. 

1709 Brit. A folio II. No. 44. 3/1 The Quackster .. with 
Death signs our Quietus. 

Quacky (kwarki), a.i [f. QUACK ^.1+ -?!.] 
Inclined to quackery. 

1846 POE Criticism Wks. 1864 III. 23 Who although a 
little quacky per se has., a whole legion of active quacks at 
his control. 

Quacky (kwarki), <z.2 [f. QDACK si." + -?i.] 
Of voices : Having the harsh quality characteristic 
of the cry of a duck. Hence Qua ckiness. 

1895 Forum (N.Y.) June 502 Our women's voices are., 
hardened . . into an habitual ' quacky ' or metallic quality. . . 
4 Quackiness ' and shrillness prevail less in the Southern 
States than in the Northern and Western. 

Quad (kwgd), si. 1 , abbrev. (orig. in Oxford slang) 

OIQUADRANGLE sb. 2. 

i8ao in Brasenost AleZ When first thy Quad, O Erase- 
nose, sprung from earth. 1827 Sporting Mag. XXI. 70 
Mr. Protheroe once met me in ' Quad ' during the frost. 
1861 HUGHES Tom Brown at Oxf. \, The rooms ain't half so 
large or good in the inner quad. iSfyPall MallG. 24 Jan. 
3/2 Pump Court the dreariest of all the Temple quads. 

Quad (kwgd), sb. 2 , abbrev. of QUADRAT sb. 2. 

1880 in WEBSTER Suppl. 1884 Western Morn. News 17 July 
4/6 A quad is a compositor's instrument for the filling 
up of blanks. 1884 TUER (title) Quads within Quads, for 
Authors, Editors, and Devils. 1884 Pall Mall G. i Aug. 
4/2 ' Quads ' in the present case are a trade term applicable 
to printers' jokes. 

lad (kwgd), sb.3, abbrev. of QUADRUPLET 3. 
16 Daily News 2 June 9/2 Stocks was paced by five 
triplets and a quad. 1897 Whitaker's Aim. 641/2 A quad 
team did a flying quarter in 24-6 sees. 

ad (kwgd), sb.*, abbrev. of QUADRUPED I b. 
. j ASTLBY Fifty Years Life I. 97 He was mounted on 
a sorry old quad. Ibid. 1 1. 88, I stuck to my quad and rode 
into the paddock. 

Quad (kwgd), a., abbrev. of QUADRUPLE a. d. 

1888 in JACOB; Printers' Vocab. 1891 Star 12 Nov. i/i 
Printing Plant, including, .quad crown perfecting machine, 
quad demy and double demy machines. 

Quad (kwgd), w.i, abbrev. of QUADRUPLES v. 

1886 Pall Mall G. 26 Aug. i i/i Some lines are ' quadded ' 
or quadruplexed. 

Quad (kwgd), zi.2 Printing, [f. QUAD si:*\ To 
insert quadrats in (a line of type); to fill with 
quadrats. Also to quad out. 

1888 in TACOBI Printers' Vocab, 

Quad, var. QUOD sb., prison; QUED(E a., bad. 

Quad, obs. form of QUOTH v. 

tQuade, v. Obs. rare- 1 . [? f. qitade, var. of 
QUED(E a., bad.] 1 To destroy, deface. 

"5*5 J. HALLE Hist. Expost. 34 If thou in chirurgerye, 
Alone wylte walke and wade ; Thine errores will thy worke 
confounde. And all thine honoure quade. 

tQua'der, v. Obs. rare. Also 5-6 quadr-. 
[ad. L. quadrare : see QUADRATE v., and cf. F. 
cadrer, quadrer (i6th c.).] a. trans. To square 
(a number), b. trans, and intr. = QUADRATE v. 3. 

c 1430 Art ofNomkrynge (E.E.T.S.) 16 [A given number] 
to be quadrede. 1588 KYD Househ. Philos. Wks. (1901) 269 
In the quadering and making euen of the enterics with 
the expences. 1593 _ in Fortn. Rev. (1899) LXV. 220 
Nor_wold indeed the forme of devyne praiers vsed duelie 
in his Lordship's house have quadred with such reprobates. 
1620 SHFLTON Quix. II. iv. vii. 91 The X doth not quader 
well with him because it sounds harshly. 



Quadern, a square : see QUADRAN sb^ 
Quadle, obs. variant of CODDLE .i, to boil. 

1633 HART Diet of Diseased \. xvii. 66 Raw Apples before 
they be ripe, if used, are best quadled. 1649 G. DANIEL 
Trinarch. To Rdr. 105 Thus wee sett you out Perboyled 
Kinges and Quadled Crownes. 

Quadling, obs. variant of CODLING 2 . 

1584 COGAN Haven Health c. (1612) 87 Rawe Apples and 
Quadlings. 1609 C. BUTLER Fern. Mon. (1634) 173 Let 
them boil till they be as tender as Quadlings. 

t Quadmire. Obs. rare-^. = QUAGMIRE, q.y. 

1609 BIBLE (Dpuay) Ps. Ixviii. comm., I am as one in- 
tangled with quickesand or quadmyre in the bottom of a 
great water. 

II Quadra (kwg-dra). Arch. [L. quadra a square, 
used by Vitruvius in sense i.] 

1. a. The plinth or socle of a podium, b. A 
platband or fillet, esp. that above or below the 
scotia in the Ionic base. 

1664 EVELYN tr. Frearfs Archit. 131 PilaEj and their 
Quadra's or Tables, .were employ'd for Inscriptions. 1842- 
76 in GWILT A rchit. (Hence in recent diets.) 

2. A square border or frame round a bas-relief, 
panel, etc. ; also, loosely, a border or frame of any 
form. 

1727-41 in CHAMBERS Cycl. 1842-76 in GWILT Archit. 
(Hence in recent Diets.) 

Quadra-, occas. erron. form of QUADBI-. 

Quadratic (kwg-drab'l), a. Math. Also 8 
-ible. [ad. L. type *quadrdbilis , f. quadrare to 
square : see QUADBATE v. and -ABLE.] Capable of 
being represented by an equivalent square, or of 
being expressed in a finite number of algebraic 
terms. 

1695 WALLIS in Phil. Trans. XIX. in The Spaces in the 
Cycloid, which are perfectly Quadrable. 1743 EMERSON 
Fluxions 196 Here the Curve is not quadrable m this Form. 
1708 Phil. Trans. LXXXVIII. 260 The areas of any para- 
bolic segments, .are geometrically quadrable. 1872 LooMis 
Calculus vi. 253 When the area limited by a curve can be 
expressed in a finite number of algebraic terms, the surface 
is said to be quadrable. 

Hence Quadrabi'lity, the quality or condition of 
being quadrable. 

1743 EMERSON Fluxions 194 In Curves of more Terms, 
there are several Conditions requisite to their exact Quadra- 
bility. 

Quadragenarian (kwgdradjfneVrian), a. 
ana sb. Also erron. quadri-. [f. L. quadrage- 
nari-us (f. quadrageni distrib. of quadraginta 
forty) + -AN.] a. adj. Forty years old. b. sb. 
A person forty years of age. 

1839 Fraser's Mag. XX. 752 The quadrig_enarians may 
reasonably object, that as Lord Byron only lived to seven- 
and-thirty, he could not be a competent judge on this 
matter. 1892 STEVENSON Vailima Lett. xix. (1895) 184 A 
stalwart well-oiled quadragenarian. 1897 Sat. Rev. 20 Feb. 
195/2 Quadrigenarian critics. 

So Qua draffena'riotis a. 

1656 BLOUNT Glossogr., Quadragenarious, of or belonging 
to forty years. 1719 BOYER Fr.-Eng. Diet., Q-uadrage- 
naire, quadragenarious, forty years old. 1895 Harpers 
Weekly Mag. Feb. 337/2 One of these plumply mellow 
quadngenarious bodies. 

t Quadr agene. Obs. rare. [ad. med.L. 
quaaragena, neut. of quadrageni forty each, forty.] 
An indulgence for forty days. 

1664 JER. TAYLOR Dissuas. Popery ii. 4 You have .. 
purchased your self so many Quadragenes or Lents of 
pardon ; that is, you have bought off the penances of so 
many times forty days. 

11 Quadragesima (kwgdrad3e-sima). Eccl. 
[med.L., fern. (sc. dies day) of L. quadrdgesimus 
fortieth, f. quadraginta forty ; hence also It., Pg. 
quadragesima (Sp. cuad-} , F. quadragisime (1487). 

The popular Romanic forms are It. quaresinta, Pg. quares- 
ma, Sp. cuaresma, OF. quaresme, caresme, F. carente; cf. 
also Ir. corghas, cairghios, Gael, carghus, W. garawys from 
pop. Lat. *quarages-ima.'\ 

fa. The forty days of Lent. Obs. b. (Also 
Quadragesima Sunday.} The first Sunday in Lent. 

[1398 TREVISA Barth. DC P. R. ix. xxx. (1495) 364 Lente 
highte Quadragesima.] 1604 Bk. Com. Prayer Tables, 
Quadragesima, before Easter, vi weekes. 1617 MINSHEU 
Ductor, Quadragesima Sunday, or the first Sunday in Lent. 
Ibid., Quadragesima is the first Sunday in Lent. 1662 Bk. 
Com. Prayer Tables, Quadragesima, six weeks before 
Easter. 1662 GUNNING Lent Fast 167 A Quadragesima all 
call'd it. 1665 EVELYN Corr. 9 Feb. (1872) III. 151, I have 
always esteemed abstinence a tanto beyond the fulfilling 
of periods and quadragesimas. 1794 W. TINDAL Evesnam 
34 He was on Quadragesima Sunday confirmed Abbot. 

Quadragesimal (kwgdradse-simal), a. and sb. 
Also 7 quodrigess-. [ad. late L. quadragesi- 
mal-is: see prec. and -AL. Cf. F. quadragesimal 
(i5-l6th c.).] 

A. adj. I. Of a fast (esp. that of Lent) : Lasting 
for forty days. 

1654 HAMMOND A nm>. A nimadv. I gnat. ii. 2. 38 The Quad- 
rigessimal Fast was observed in the Church to commemorate 
both these. 1725 tr. Dupins Eccl. Hist, vjtk C. I. v. 171 
The Quadragesimal Fast was also regarded as Penance. 
1844 W. H. MILL Serin. Tempt. Christ i. 12 That quadra- 
gesimal Fast and retirement of our Lord. 1855 Applic. 
I'antk. Princ. (1861) in The retirement and quadragesimal 
fast of Elijah. 

2. Belonging or appropriate to the period of 
Lent; Lenten. 



QUADRANGLE. 

1620 MABBE tr. Fonseca's Dev. Contempl. title-p., Two 
and Fortie Sermons upon all y* Quadragesimall Gospells. 
1691 Woop Ath. Oxon. II. 359 Quadragesimal Disputations 
were publickly performed in the Schools. 1727-41 CHAMBERS 
Cycl. s. v. Quadragesima, Hence some monks are said to 
lead a quadragesimal life ; or to live on quadragesimal food 
all the year. 1882 J. W. LEGG Hist. Litvrg. Colours in. 
40 The colour of the Quadragesimal ornaments. 

fig. a 1643 W. CARTWRIGHT Ordinary in. v. in Hazl. 
Dodsley XII. 268 But quadragesimal wits, and fancies lean 
As ember weeks. 

3. Consisting of forty. 

iff* GUNNING Lent Fast 50 The Quadragesimal number 
not constituted of men, but consecrated from God. 

t B. sb, a. A fast, properly one of forty days. 
b. A set of forty, c. A Lent sermon, d. //. 
Lent offerings (see quot. 1721). Obs. 

1660 JER. TAYLOR Duct. Dubit. ill. iv. Rule xiii. 17 
It is no wonder., that all the set and stationary fasts of the 
" Primitive Christians were called Quadragesimals. Ibid. 18 
A quadragesimal of hours is as proper as a quadragesimal 
of days. 1691 tr. Emilianne's Frauds Romish Monks 
284 They who print their Quadragesimals and their Advent 
Sermons, .. never print the Second part of them. 1721 
BAILEY, Quadragesimals, Mid-Lent contributions, Offerings 
made by People to their Mother Church on Mid-Lent 
Sunday. 

II Qnadragesima'lia. rare. [nent. pi. of late 
L. quadragesimalis : see prec.] = prec. B. d. 

1727-41 in CHAMBERS Cycl. 1876 Prayer-book Interleaved 
103 Taking Quadragesimalia or Lent-oflerings. 

t Quadragesimarian. Obs. rare- 1 . [f. 
QUADRAGESIMA.] An observer of Lent. 

1655 FULLER Ck, Hist. n. vii. 74 Otherwise it is suspi- 
cious that the Quartadecimans were no good Quadragesi- 
marians. 

t Quadragesime, -gesme. Obs. rare. [ad. 
L. quadragesim-a : see above.] = QUADRAGESIMA. 

c 1440 Gesta Rom. i. Ixii. 266 (Harl. MS.) A goode cristyn 
man that wele blessidly hath fast all the quadragesme. 
1612 R. SHELDON Serm. St. Martin's 5 To proportion my 



xyton's Foly-o . 
207 Wks. 1876 II. 91 You will lose therein forty days, and 
the common name of Quadragesime. 

Quadraginte-simal,<z. rare* 1 . [For QUADRA- 
GESIMAL, after L. quadraginta.^ Forty- fold ; having 
forty parts. 

1789 BURNEY Hist. Mus. III. i. 75 Twelve bars of universal 
chorus in quadragintesimal harmony. 

Quadragrntireme. rare- 1 , [f. L. quadra- 
ginta. forty : cf. quadrireme, etc.] (See quot.) 

1799 CHARNOCK in Naval Chron. I. 132 Quadraginti- 
remes, or vessels . . described as having forty ranks . . of 
oars. 

Quadrain, a square : see QUADRAN sb)- 

Quadr ain, obs. variant of QUATRAIN. 

Quadral (kwg-dral), a. rare- 1 , [f. QUADH(I)- 
+ -AL.] By four, into four parts. 

1891 W. TUCKWELL Tongues in Trees 146 They held to 
the quadra! division of time, distributing the day-night into 
four, eight or sixteen parts. 

tQua'dran, sb. (and a.). Obs. Forms: Squad- 
ron, 6-7 quadrain, 7 quadran, -ren, quadern. 
[Alteration of QUADRANT sb. z , with dropping of 
the -/ and assimilation to other endings.] 

1. A square. 

1591 HARINGTON Orl. Fur. vi. Ixxi, These ornaments . . 
All are enrich 't with stones of great estate, . . In parted 
quadrons. 1595 B. BARNES Spjr. Sonn. Ixxxiii, Bright 
soldiours muster up . . Raungde into quadraines and trium- 
phant rings. 1648 GAGE 11 cst Ind. xii. (1655) 51 In the 
midst of this Quadern stood a mount of earth and stone 
square likewise. 1653 R. SANDERS Physiogn. 153, I erected 
this Figure, and thereupon made certain Quadrains and 
Resolutions, that my Friends might understand the signifi- 
cations of the said Figure. 

2. attrib. or adj. Square. 

1598 SYLVESTER Du Bartas n. i. iv. Handie-Crafts 206 
Sixteen fair Trees.. Whose equall front in quadran form 

? respected. 1611 SPEED Theal. Gt. Brit, xxxvii. (1614)73/1 
n a long Quadren-wise the wals doe incompasse the citie. 

Quadran, obs. var. QUADRANT sb. 1 (sense 3), 
QUATRAIN. 

Quadrangle (kwg-drwrjg'l), s6. [a. F. quad- 
rangle (i 3th c.), ad. late L. quadrangulum, neut. 
of quadrangulus (see next), f. quadr- QUADRI- + 
angulus ANGLE. The stressing quadra-ngle, which 
appears in some of the quots., is given by Bailey, 
Ash, and Sheridan, and is still the constant Sc. use.] 

1. Geom. A figure having four angles and there- 
fore four sides. 

In mod. Geom. a quadrangle is regarded as a figure 
formed by four points (vertices), three of which are not in 
the same straight line, and by the six straight lines which 
join the four points two by two. (Cf. QUADRILATERAL.) In 
ordinary use the term commonly denotes a square or other, 
rectangular figure: cf. quot. i884and senses 2 and 3. 

CI430 Art of Nombrynge (E.E.T.S.) 14 ffor dyvisipun 
write by vnytes, hathe .4. sides even as a quadrangille. 
1471 RIPLEY Comp. Akh. Ep. iv. in Ashm. (1652) 112 Of the 
Quadrangle make ye a Figure round. 1551 RECORDE Pathvj. 
Knowl. I. Defin., Thus haue I done with trianguled figures, 
and nowe foloweth quadrangles. 1653 R. SANDERS Physiogn. 
58 The Quadrangle is between the Table-line, the middle 
natural, that of the Sun, and that of Saturn, when there 
are four angles. 1869 DUNKIN Miitn. Sky 141 Eight stars 
forming two similar quadrangles. 1884 tr. Loire's Logic 130 
Nothing is commoner than for a person who speaks of a 

1-2 



QUADRANGLE. 

quadrangle to mean really a parallelogram or often even 
a square. 

2. A square or rectangular space or court, the 
sides of which are entirely or mainly occupied by 
parts of a large building, as a college, palace, etc. 
(See also QUAD so. 1 , and cf. QUADRANT so. 2 ) 

"593 SHAKS. -z Hen. VI, \. iii. 156 My choller being ouer- 
blowne, With walking once about the Quadrangle. 1641 
Caval. Adv. Majesty 7 Our men- .went in at the back Gate 
opposite to Oriall Colledge, and through Canterbury quad- 
rangle. 1764 HARMER Observ. xi. iii. 103 These quad- 
rangles or courts are paved . . with marble. 1828 SCOTT 
F. M. Perth x, A lofty vaulted entrance led through this 
eastern front into the quadrangle. 1877 W. THOMSON Voy. 
Challenger I. ii. 112 We passed through an archway into 
a targe quadrangle. 

3. A rectangular building or block of buildings ; 
a building containing a quadrangle. 

i6ao T. PEYTON Paradise in Farr S. P. 7<w. /(i848) 179 
Like a quadrangle seated on a hill With twelue braue 
gates. 1645 EVELVN Mem. (1857) I. 217 They [the Schools] 
are fairly built in quadrangle, with cloisters beneath. 171* 
AMHERST TVrrar Fit. No. 5 (1754) 24, I would not have 
them set their minds too much upon new quadrangles, and 
empty libraries, and spacious halls. 1846 McCoLLOCH Ace. 
Brit. Empire (1854) Ii. 383 The buildings of Trinity College 
[Dublin]. .consist of three quadrangles. 1870 F. R. WILSON 
Ch. Lindisf. 64 Beadwell [has] an additional quadrangle of 
houses. 

b. A square block (in o^uot., an iceberg). 

1853 KANE Grinnell Exp. xlix. (1856) 461 A second quad- 
rangle stood out from the shore at the same rate. 

4. Comb., (? of the adj.) as quadrangle-wise adv. 
158* N. T. (Rhem.) Rev. xxi. 16 The citie is situated 

quadrangle* wise, a 1604 HASMER Chron. Ireland (163$ 189 
The walles foure square, or quadrangle wise. 

t Quadrangle, a. Obs. [ad, L. quadrangulus 
four-cornered : see prec. and cf. obs. F. quadrangle 
(Godef.).] a. = QUADBANGDLAB. b. Astron. 
QUADRATE a. 2. 

i$6a BOLLEYN Bk. Simples 47 b, The garden Madder, with 
quadrangle stalks. 1575 T. ROGERS Sec. Coming Christ 
39/2 The Greeke letter x rather betokenetb the quadrangle 
figure. 1601 HOLLAND Pliny 1. 13 In the quadrangle aspect 
of the Sun she [the Moon] appeareth diuided in halfe : in 
the triangle she is well neere inuironed. 

Quadrangled (kwg-dnerjg'ld, kwgdrse-rjg'ld), 
a. [f. as prec. + -ED 2 .] 

1. = QUADRANGULAB. Now rare or Obs. 

1551 in HULOET. 1570 BILLINCSLEV Euclid i. xxx it 42 The 
angles of euery quadrangled figure are equall to 4 right 
angles, i&ao DEKKER Dreame (1860) 30 Those quadrangled 
haile-stones, which. .Kill teemes and plowmen. 1674 JKAKK 
Arith. (1696) 175 The other Species of Quadrangled Figures 
are an Oblong .. and a Rhomboids. 1800 J. HURDIS 
Favourite Village 155 The quadrangled tube Into a pipe 
monotonous converts. 

2. Furnished with a quadrangle. 

1880 SIR J. B. PHEAR Aryan Village 86 There will be 
the brick-built, quadrangled house. 

Quadrangular (kwjSdrse'ngi/flai),^. [ad. late 
L. quadrangularis (Boethius), f. quadrangulum : 
see QUADRANGLE and -AR, and cf. F. quadrangu- 
laire (1543).] Shaped like a quadrangle; having 
four angles ; of four-cornered base or section. 

159* G. HARVEY Pierce's Super. (1593) 20 The Egyptian 
Mercury .. his Image in Athens was quadrangular. 1607 
TOPSELL Four-/. Beasts (1658) 250 A company of Horses 
set like a Tower in a Quadrangular form in a field, 
was called Fergus. i6xx CORYAT Crudities 169 It hath 
a prety quadrangular Court adjoymng to it. 1671 Phil. 
Trans. VI. 2216 It was a very dark Spot almost of a quad* 
rangular form. 1776 GIBBON Decl. $ F. xiii. I. 396 The 
form was quadrangular, flanked with sixteen towers. 1784 
COWPER Task iv. 217 With spots quadrangular of diamond 
form. 1849 GROTE Greece n. Iviii. VII. 227 The lower part 
was left as a quadrangular pillar. x88a Miss BRADDON Mt. 
Royal III. iii. 47 The little quadrangular garden. 

Comb. 1656 HEYLIN Surv. France 74 A house built 
quadrangular wise. 

Hence Quadra'ng-ularly adv., in the manner of 
a quadrangle ; with four corners. Quadra ngnlar- 
ness, the state or fact of being quadrangular 
(Bailey, vol. II, 1727). 

1708 OZELL tr. Boileau's Lutrin n. (1730) 125 An inverted 
Cone . . Sharp pointed, and quadrangularry long. 1875 H . C. 
WOOD Therap. (1879) 322 Quad rangular ly prismatic crystals. 

t Quadra'ttgulate, a. Obs. rare. [ad. late 
L. quadrangulat-us (Tertull., Vulg.) ; see QUAD- 
RANGLE sb. and -ATE 2.] Made quadrangular ; 
squared. 

1593 R. D. Hypnerotomachia sb, The pointed quad ran- 
gulate Corner stones. 1599 R. LINCHE Fount. Anc. Fict. 
H iv, A certaine squared and quadrangulate circle. 

Hence f Quadra-ngnlateuess, the state or con- 
dition of having four corners. Obs. rare. 

1597 A. M. tr. Guillemeau's Fr. Chirvrg. 53/2 Through 
the quadrangulatenes therof it cutteth .. al that wheron it 
glaunceth. 

t Quadranguled, a. Obs. rare*- 1 , [cf. prec.] 
= QUADRANGLED. 

159* R. D. Hypnerotomachia 4 b, Hir charmes and quad- 
ranguled plaints. [A mistranslation]. 

Quadrant (kwg-drant), sbl Also 5-6 -ent, 7 
-an. [ad. L. quadrans, quadrant- fourth part, 
quarter (spec, of an as, an acre, a foot, a pound, 
a sextarius, a day ; cf. the senses below), f. quadr- 
four- : see QUADRI-.] 

1 1. A quarter of a day ; six hours. Obs. 



4 

1398 TREVISA Earth. De P. R. ix. ix. (1495) 354 A day 
conteynyth foure quadrantes, and a quadrant conteynyth 
syxe houres. a 1628 SiRj. BEAUMONT End his Majesty's 
ist Yeare (R.), The sunne, who in his annuall circle takes 
A daye's full quadrant from th* ensuing yeere. 1646 SinT. 
BROWNE Pseud. Ep. 219 The intercalation of one day every 
fourth yeare, allowed for this quadrant, or 6 houres super- 
numerary. 

f 2. The fourth part of a Roman as. Obs. 

1533 BELLENDEN Livy in. vii. (1901) 270 Ilk man went to 
Valerius hous, and left ane quadrent in it, to caus him be 
the more richely buryit. 1601 HOLLAND Pliny II. 518 A 
small piece of brasse coin, although it be no more than 
a Quadrant. 1655 MOUFET & BENNET Health's Itnprov* 
191 They were highly esteemed, being sold every Dishful! 
for fourscore Quadrants. 

fb. A farthing. (So med.L. quadrans, AF. 
quadrant.) Obs. 

1609 SKENE Reg. Maj. 123 b (Burgh Lowes c. 40), Hee 
..sail glue ane quadrant (farding). Ibid. -26\>(Burgh Lowes 
c 66), The maister. .sail haue ane pennie for his Ouen ; the 
twa servants ane pennie, and the boy ane quadrant. 
t C. attrib. in contemptuous sense. Obs. 

1589 NASHE Ded. to Greene's Menaphon (Arb.) 8 Our 
quadrant Crepundios, that spit ergo in the mouth of euerie 
one they meete. 

t 3. The fourth part of a sextarius or Roman 
pint. Obs. rare. 

1601 HOLLAND Pliny I. 267 One of their shels ordinarily 
would containe 80 measures called Quadrants. 1688 K. 
HOLME Armoury in. 339/1 Gill or Quadran, is 4 to a pint. 

4. A quarter of a circle or circular body, viz. (a) 
an arc of a circle, forming one fourth of the circum- 
ference ; (b} one fourth of the area of a circle, con- 
tained within two radii at right angles. 

1571 DIGGES Pantom. i. B iv, A Quadrant is the fourth 
part of a Circle, included with two Semtdtameters. 1625 
N. CARPENTER Geog. Del. i. vi. (1635) 123 A circle is diuided 
into foure quadrants. 1660 BARROW Euclid vi. 33 cor. As 
the arch BC is to four quadrants, that is, the whole circum- 
ference. 1694 HOLDER Disc. Trine (J.), In each quadrant 
of the circle of the ecliptick. 17x7-41 CHAMBERS Cycl, s.v. 
Quarter-round, Any projecting moulding, whose contour 
is a perfect quadrant. 1811 WOODHOUSE Astron. i. 6 PQ^ 
Pq [are] quadrants containing 90 degrees, 1843 PORT- 
LOCK Geol. 682 In each quadrant of the kiln, there is an 
opening. 1869 DUNKIN Midn, Sky 74 The north-western 
quadrant of the sky. 1500 Brit. Med. Jrnl. (No. 2046) 622 
An insignificant nebula in the lower-inner quadrant of the 
left cornea. 

b. A thing having the form of a quarter- circle. 

Quadrant ofAltitude^ a graduated strip of brass on an 
artificial globe, fixed at one end to some point of the 
meridian, round which it revolves, and extending round one 
fourth of the circumference. 

1638 CHILMBAD tr. Hues' Treat. Globes (1889) 33 Then 
fasten the quadrant of Altitude to the Vertical point 1726 
tr. Gregorys Astron. I. 269 With the Quadrant of Altitude, 
find that Point of the Ecliptic which is elevated 12 Degrees 
above the Western Part of the Horizon. 1816 J. SMITH 
Panorama Sc. 4- Art II. 717 A sliding piece N, (much like 
the nut of the quadrant of altitude belonging to a common 
globe). i8 J. NICHOLSON Oferat, Mechanic 114 The 
inclined shaft, .working in the toothed quadrant Z, elevates 
or depresses the sluice. 1888 JACOBI Printers* Vocab. 107 
<2/Wm^,a small crescent -shaped piece of iron or steel used 
for the movement of the vibrating roller on a platen machine. 
C. A quarter of a sphere or spherical body. 

i88a VINES \.t.Saclts' 1 Bot. 300 In each of the four quad- 
rants [of a cell] a third division takes place. 

6. An instrument, properly having the form of a 
graduated quarter- circle, used for making angular 
measurements, esp. for taking altitudes in astronomy 
and navigation. 

Various kinds of quadrants (some being improperly so 
called) have been employed for different purposes, but are 
now to a great extent superseded by more perfect instru- 
ments. The distinctive names are derived either from the 
inventors (as Adams' s^ Coles' s, Collins" s, D avis' s, Godfrey's 
or Hadley'Si Gunter's t Stilton's quadrant), from those by 
whom it is used (as gunner's, surveyor's quadrant), or from 
some property, use, etc., of the instrument (as horodictical, 
mural, sinical quadrant). 

a 1400 in Halhwell Kara Mathematica (1841) 58 Til . . f>e 
threde whereon \>e plumbe henges falle vpon be mydel lyne 
of be quadrant, bat es to say be 45 degre. a 1400-50 
Alexander 129 Quadrentis [MS. In adrentis] corven all of 
quyte siluyre. 1555 EDEN Decades 245 With my quadrant 
and Astrolabie instrumentes of Astronomic. i6ay CAPT. 
SMITH Seaman's Gram. xiv. 68 The Gunners quadrant is to 
leuell a Peece or mount hertoany randon. ifaSCHiLMEAD 
tr. Hues' Treat. Globes (1889) 102 Observe the Meridian 
Altitude of the Sunne with the crosse starTe, quadrant, or 
other like instrument. 1696 PHILLIPS (ed. 5), David's [1706 
Davis' s\ Quadrant, an Instrument us'd by Seamen, where- 
with they observe the height of the Sun with their Backs 
toward it. 1774 M. MACKENZIE Maritime Surv. 10 With 
a Theodolite, or Hadley's Quadrant . . take the Angles 
YXA, YXB, YXC. 1848 DICKENS Dombey iv, The stock 
in trade of this old gentleman comprised . . sextants, and 
quadrants. 1897 F. T. BULLEN Cruise Cachalot 100 Any- 
thing .. more out of date than his 'hog-yoke', or quadrant, 
I have never seen. 

6. attrib. and Comb., as quadrant cell, lever \ 
quadrant -like, -shaped adjs. ; quadrant-compass, 
a carpenter's compass with an arc to which one leg 
may be screwed (Knight Diet* Meek. 1875) ; quad- 
rant-electrometer, an electrometer in which the 
index moves through a quarter of a circle; quad- 
rant steam-engine, an engine in which the piston 
oscillates through a sector of a circle, instead of 
sliding along a cylinder (Knight Diet* Afech.). 

1816 J. SMITH Panorama Sc. <$ Art II. 247 Thisconductor 



QUADRANTID. 

should be furnished with a quadrant electrometer. 1833 
T. HOLLAND Manuf. Metal\\. 278 The principle [of Strutt's 
lock] .. consists in a number of quadrant levers. 1874 
MICKLETHWAITE Mod, Par. Churches 163 The mediaeval 
quadrant-shaped cope-chests. 1884 BOWER & SCOTT De 
Bary's Phaner. ao Each quadrant cell is again divided 
into two unequal parts. 1897 Outing (U.S.) XXIX. 525/1 
The quadrant-like part of the shutter. 

t Quadrant, $b2 Obs. [App. an alteration of 
QUADRAT or QUADRATK sb^- t through assoc. with 
prec. See also QUADBAN sb'] 

1. = QUADRANGLE sb. 2, 3. 

1443 in Willis & Clark Cambridge (1886) I. sfiQWerkemen 
and Tabor' dryving the berne in to the quadrant of the 
College. 1537 in W. H. Turner Select. Rec. Oxford 143 
The abbot send for me, . . he beyng under the clime in the 
quadrant. 158* STANVHURST ALneis iv. (Arb.) 118 Dido 
affrighted . .Too the innerquadrant runneth. 1631 WEEVER 
Anc. Fun. Mon. 412 A faire large Chappell on the East side 
of the Quadrant. 1655 FULLER Hist. Catnb, v. 29 The 
present quadrant of the Schools. 

2. A square ; a square thing or piece (also Jig.} : 
a square picture. 

1474 CAXTON Chesse 140 The kyng . . is sette in the iiij 
quadrnnte or poynt of theschequer. 1563-87 FOXE A . ty M. 
(1596) 587 Since the time they did receiue the catholicke 
faith of our Lord Jesus Christ, as a most perfect quadrant. 
1601 HOLLAND Pliny II. 440 The quadrants or square 
cantons of the old Tuny fish, burnt to a cole.. are thought to 
be good for the tooth-ach. 1651 Life Father Sarpi (1676) 
22 A portable quadrant of Christ in the Garden. 
b. One side of a square. (Cf. QUADRATURE 2.) 

1577-87 HOLINSHED Chron. III. 856/2 A palace, the which 
was quadrant, and euerie quadrant of the same palace was 
three hundred and twentie eight foot long. 

Quadrant, sb$ \ see QUADRATE sb* 

t Qua'drant, a. Obs. [ad. L. quadrant-em, 
pres. pple. of quadrare to square : in sense i perh. 
an alteration of quadrat QUADRATE a. (cf. prec. and 
QUADBAN a).] 

1. Souare ; of a square form. 

1509 HAWES Past. Pleas, in. (Percy Soc.) 15 The craggy 
rocke, whiche quadrant did appeare. 1535 R. LAYTON Let. 
to Cromwell 12 Sept. in Wood Ann. 62 Wee found all the 
great Quadrant Court [of New College] full of the leaves of 
Dunce. 1577-87 [see prec. 2b]. 1591 GARRARD Art Warre 
161 Taking from the quotient y roote- of the quadrant 
number. 1601 BP. W. BABLOW Defence 105 The quadrant 
stones of Salomons building. 1603 T. M. Progr. Jas. I in 
Arb. Gamer VIII. 501 A goodly edifice of free stone, built 
in quadrant manner. 1618 BamevelCs Apol. E b, The truth 
resembles, right, the right Cubes figure ; . . Whose quadrant 
flatness neuer doth disfigure. 

b. Astron. -QUADRATES. 2. 

The form in this case may be due to association with 
QUADRANT sb 4. 

1594 BLUNDEVIL Exerc. vii. x. (1636) 662 Characters . . 
Whereof the first signifieth a conjunction .. the fourth a 
quadrant aspect. 

2. Agreeing, consonant, or conformable (to or 
with}. Cf. QUADRATE a. 4. (So obs. F. quadrant.} 

1536 St. Papers Hen. VI 71, I. 521 Perceyving that your 
opinion and advise is quadrant with the same ; We haue 
sent . . a pardon to our Cousin. 1598 YONG Diana 241 To do 
the contrarie . . were . . not quadrant to that, which is expected 
at your hands. 17*0 WELTON Siiffer. Son of God 1 1. xx. 567 
Thou art content with the Sincerity and Uprightness of my 
Inclinations, tho' they should not be so exactly Conformable 
and Quadrant to Thine Own. 

Quadrailtal (kwgdrarntal), a. 1 [ad. L. quad- 
rant a Us \ see QUADRANT st>. 1 and -AL.] Having 
the shape of, consisting of, connected with, a 
quadrant or quarter- circle ; esp. quadrantal arc 
(\arck}. 

1678 HOUSES Decant, ad. fin., Wks. 1845 VII. 180 A straight 
line equal to the quadrantal arc BLD. 1703 T. N. City 4- 
C. Purchaser 14 A Quadrantal Casement, rising from its 
Plain. 1707 HELLINS in Phil. Trans. LXXXVIII. 529 
The length of a quadrantal arch of the circle. 1867 G. 
BARRY Sir C. Barry iv. 116 The central building with 
quadrantal corridors. 1871 B. STEWART Heat (ed. 2} 71 
A quadrantal arc of a meridian on the earth's surface. 

b. Quadrantal deviation^ error t triangle (see 
quots.). 

1706 PHILLIPS (ed. Kersey), Qnadrantal Triangle^ a 
Spherick Triangle, that has at least a Quadrant for one of 
its Sides, and one Angle Right. 1788 HKRSCHEL in Phil. 
Trans. LXXVIII. 374 We may resolve the quadrantal 
triangle g c n. 1857 WHEWELL Hist. Induct, Sc. (ed. 3) III. 
528 The magnetic effect of the iron in a ship may be regarded 
as producing two kinds of deviation [of a ship's compass] . . 
a ' polar-magnet deviation ', . . and a quadrantal deviation, 
which changes from positive to negative as the keel turns 
from quadrant to quadrant. 1865 Q. Rev. 3s8_The quad- 
rantal error which depends only on the position of the 
horizontal soft iron of the ship. 

tQnadra-ntal, a. 2 Obs. rare. [f. QUAD- 
RANT sb.~ + -AL.] a. Square ; having a square base. 
b. Astron. QUADRANT a. i b. 

1665 J. GADBURV Land. Deliv. Predicted i. 4 The Con- 
junctional, Opposite, or Quadrantal Rays of Jupiter. 1690 
LEYBOURN Curs. Math. 317 Let ABCDE be a Quadrantal 
Pyramis, (for a Pyramis is denominated from the number of 
the equal Sides of the Base thereof, as here four. .). 

t Quadra'ntal, rt.3 Obs. rare*. [ad.L.^warf- 
rantal-is of a quarter-foot, f. quadrant- QUADRANT 
sb^\ (See quot.) 

1656 BLOUNT Glossogr., Quadrax fat.. used Adjectively.. 
four fingers thick, or three inches. 

Quadrantid (kwgdrae-ntid). [f. L. quadrant- 
stem of guadrans + -ID.] One of a shower of 



QTJADRANTILE. 

meteors falling on Jan. 2 and 3, and having its 

radiant point in the constellation Quadrans mu- 

ralis. (Usu. in pi.} 1876 G. F. CHAMBERS Astron. 799. 

Quadrantile, a. rare- 1 . [f. QUADRANT sb.l 

+ -ILE.] = QUADRANTAL i*. I. 

1797 Encycl. Brit. (ed. 3) II. 585/2 On this pin are two 
moveable collets.. to which are fixed the quadrantile wires. 

t Qua'drantly, ado. Obs. rare. [f. QUADRANT 
a. + -LY 2 .] Squarely; in a square form. To 
multiply quadrantly^ to square. 

1538 LELANO I tin. III. 33 In the midle of the Toun . . is 
a House buildid quadrantly. 1581 STYWARD Mart. Discipl. 
\\. 108 An order to imbattell 12. C men quadrantlie at the 
sodaine. 1594 BLUNDEVIL Exerc. 1. xxvi. (1636) 62 You 
must multiply the said 4 in it selfe Quadrantly, which maketh 
1 6. 

Quadrapertite, obs. form of QUADRIPARTITE. 

Quadrat (kwo/drat). Also 8 quadrate, [var. 
of QUADRATE sb^-, in special senses.] 

1 1. An instrument formerly used for measuring 
altitudes or distances, consisting of a square plate 
with two graduated sides, sights, etc. Obs. 

a 1400 in Halliwell Rara Mathematics, (1841) 65 When.. 
|>ou wolde mesure be heght . . make a quadrat . . J>at es to sey 
a table even foure square ofwode or brasse. 1617 MINSHEU 
Ductor t A Quadrat, or Geometricall instrument, whereby 
the distance and height of a place is knowne afarre off by 
looking thorow a certaine little hole therein,, .dioftra. 

f b. Two graduated sides of a square, marked in 
the rectangular corner of a quadrant to facilitate 
its use. Obs. 

a 1400 in Halliwell Rara Mathematical (1841) 59 pe quad- 
rat .. whilk es descryvede .. in ^e quadrant has tuo sides. 
1706 PHILLIPS (ed. Kersey), Quadrate and Line of Shadows 
(on a Quadrant) is a line of natural Tangents. 1727-41 
CHAMBERS Cycl.* Quadrat, .called a\s& geometrical square, 
and line of shadows, is an additional member on the face of 
the common Gunter's and Button's quadrants. 

2. Printing. A small block of metal, lower than 
the face of the type, used by printers for spacing ; 
abbrev. QUAD $b2 

1683 MOXON Mech. Exerc., Printing xxii. P 5 If his Title 
..make three or more Lines, he Indents the first with an m 
Quadrat. 1727-41 CHAMBERS Cye/.s.v., There are quadrats 
of divers sizes, as m quadrats, n quadrats, &c. which are 
respectively of the dimensions of such letters. 1824 J. JOHN- 
SON Typogr. II. iii. 65 An m-quadrat is the square of the 
letter to whatever fount it may belong; an n-quadrat is half 
that size. 1843 Penny Cycl. XXV. 455/1 Larger quadrats, 
equal in body to two, three, or four m's. 

attrib. and Comb. 1683 MOXON Meek. Exerc., Printing 
viii, Head sticks .. are Quadrat high. 1894 Anier. Diet. 
Printing s.v. t To throw all the pi and broken letter . . into 
the quadrat box. 

Quadrat, obs. form of QUADRATE. 

f Qua-dratary, a. Obs. rare- 1 . [ad.L. 
ratari-us: see QUADRATE sb.l and -ART 1 .] 
lating to a square. 

1690 LEYBOURN Curs. Math. 328 The Proportions Cuba- 
tory and Quadratary, in relation to a Sphere's .. Periphery. 

Quadrate (kwo/dwH), sbl Also 6-8 quadrat. 
[ad. L. quadrdt-um sb., neut. sing, of quadrdtus 

UADRATE a. 1 : cf. QUADRANT s&. 2 and QUADRAT.] 

fl. A square; a square area or space; also, a 
rectangle or rectangular space. Obs. 

1471 SIR J. PASTON in P. Lett. III. 17 What brede eche 
towr takythe within iche corner off the quadrate ovyrthwert 
the dorys. 1483 [see QUADRATE a. i]. 1551 RECORDE 
Pathiv. Knowl. i. xxi, When any two quadrates be set forth, 
howe to make a squire about the one quadrate, whiche shall 
be equall to the other quadrate. 1598 BARRET Theor. 
Warres in. ii. 46 A Quadrat of ground will bee of men two 
times and one third more broade then long. 1658 SIR T. 
BROWNE Gard. Cyrus 45 The Labyrinth of Crete, built upon 
a long quadrate, containing five large squares. 1667 MILTON 
P. L. vi. 62 The Powers Militant, That stood for Heav'n, 
in mighty Quadrate joyn'd. 1680 T. LAWSON Mite Treas. 
33 Their . . Cone, Cylinder, Parallelogram, Quadrat [etc.]. 
f b. A square number, the square of a, number. 

1590 RECORDE, etc. Gr. Artes (1640) 575 That number is 
called a Quadrate, which is made by the multiplication of 
two equal numbers. 1646 SIR T. BROWNE Pseud. Ep. 217 
The life of man, whose Period . . he placed in the Quadrate 
of 9. or 9. times 9. that is, Si. 

fc. A group of four things. = QUATERNION i. 

1637 SALTONSTALL Eusebius Life Constantine 130 By the 
number of twice two, hee invented the quadrate of the foure 
Elements. 

2. A square or rectangular plate or block, rare. 

1647 H. MORE Song of Soul \. u. cxliii, A leaden Quadrate 
swayes hard on that part That's fit for burdens. 1799 W. 
TOOKE View Russian Etnf. I. 50 It was constructed of 
huge quadrats of ice hewn in the manner of free-stone. 1821 
LAMB Elia Ser. i. Old Benchers I. T., His person was a 
quadrate, his step massy and elephantine. 

f3. Astron. a. Quad rate aspect; quadrature. Obs. 

1665-6 Phil. Trans. I. 5 This Comet .. Having been in 

guadrat with the Sun it should still descend. 1686 GOAD 
'.lest. Bodies i. vi. 22 The Moon, on the day of the Last 
Quadrate decreasing, makes as high a Water, sometimes 
higher than at the first in the Increase. 1695 CONGREVE 
Love for L. n. v, Can judge . . of sextiles, quadrates, trines 
and oppositions. 

fb. A right angle. Obs. rare 1 . 
1686 GOAD Celest. Bodies i. vi. 18 In the one the Moon is 
conjoin'd with the Sun in diameter-line making no Angle, 
in the Other making a Quadrate, the utmost distance from 
the Conjunction and Opposition. 
4. Anat. a. The quadrate bone. b. A quadrate 
muscle. 



Re- 



Q 



1872 MIVART ,rJtt/. 121 Other bones, the lowest of which 
is termed the Quadrate. 1878 [see QUADRATO- 2]. 1883 
MAKTIN & MOALE Vcrtebr. Dissect, n. 103 The quadrates, 

E rejecting ventrally and forward and bearing the articular 
xcets for the mandible. 

t Quadrate, sb? Obs. Also quadrat. [App. 
an alteration of QUADRANT sbJ-, through assoc. with 
prec., or through misreading of quadrat == quad- 
rant^ 

1. A quarter ; spec, of a circle. = QUADRANT sbl 4. 
1551 RECORDE Pathiv. Knffivl. i. Defin., The quarter of a 

circle, named a quadrate. 1604 R. CAWDREY Table Alph., 
Quadrate^ a quarter. 

2. QUADRANT 5. 

1551 RECORDE Path-no. Knowl. n. Pref., The arte of 
Measuryng by the quadrate geometricall, and the disorders 
committed in vsyng the same. Ibid.^ A newe quadrate 
newely inuented by the author hereof. 1539 W. CUNNINGHAM 
Cosmogr. G/assei6^ The use of the shipmans quadrat, whose 
inventor was worthy D. Gemma. Ibid. 164 The hier part 
of the Quadrate. 

t Quadrate, sb$ Her. Obs. Also 5 quadrant, 
5-6 quadrat. [Prob. identical with one or other of 
the prec. sbs., but the precise origin is not clear.] 
(See quots. 1486.) 

1486 Bk. St. Allans^ Her. B iij, In blasyng of armys be 
ix. quadrattis that is to say v. quadrate finiall and iiij. 
Royal!. Ibid. B iv, Quadrat is calde in armys whan the 
felde is set with sum tokyn of armys. iJ7a BOSSEWELL 
Armor ie n. 77 b, The Crosse thus charged, is called of olde 
Heraultes, the first quadrate royall. 1586 FERNE Blaz. 
Gentrie 206-209, 

Quadrate (kw9*dr#), a. Also 5-7 quadrat, 
[ad. L. quadrat-us, pa. pple. ofquadrare to square : 
see QUADRATE z/.] 

1. Square, rectangular. Now rare. 

1398 TREVISA Barth. De P. R. xix. cxviii. (1495) 022 
Quadrate shape and square is moost stedfaste and stable. 
1483 CAXTON Gold. Leg. 332 b/2 For whanne euery beest 
was quadrate as we may ymagyne In a quadrate ben foure 
corners and euery corner was a penne. 1538 LELAND I tin. 
III. 44 A strong Castel quadrate having at eche corner 
a great Round Tower. 1560 ROLLAND Crt. Venus \. 139 
Tabletis of gold, bayth quadrate als & round. 1593 NORDEN 
Spec. Brit., M*sex \. 35 The form of the building is quad- 
rate. 1813 T. BUSBY Lucretius II. iv. 437 And circular ap- 
pears the quadrate pile. 1866 HUXLEY Pre h. Rem. Caithn. 
137 The quadrate pelvis is that which is compressed . . so 
that the brim is almost quadrangular. 1880 BASTIAN Brain 
77 These two pairs of ganglia . . are combined into one 
quadrate mass in Hyalea. 

Comb. 1610 GUILLIM Heraldry n. vii. (1660) 85 This is 
termed Quarter pierced, quasi, Quadrate pierced, for that 
the piercing is square as a Trencher. 

fb. Math. Of numbers or roots. -SQUARE. Obs. 

^1430 Art Nombrynge (E. E. T. S.) 14, .4. is the first 
nombre quadrat, and 2. is his rote. 1571 DIGGES Pantom. 
i, xxv. H j, These two ioyned together make 43600, whose 
Quadrate roote being about 208 pace 3 foote is the Hyoo- 
thenusall line AC. z6xi SPEED Hist. Gt. Brit. ix. viii. 
3 1 - S5 2 The Rings Roundnesse must remember the King 
of Eternitie; the Quadrat number of Constancy. 1646 SIR 
T. BROWNE Pseud. Ep. 215 Consisting of square and quad- 
rate numbers [viz. 49 and 81}. 1655-60 STANLEY Hist. Phil. 
(1687) 527/2 The Tetrad.. being quadrate .. is divided into 
Equals. 

C. Anat. in the distinctive names of certain parts 
of the body having an approximately square shape. 

Quadrate hone, a special bone in the head of birds and 
reptiles, by which the lower jaw is articulated to the skull. 
Quadrate muscle, the name of several muscles, esp. the 
quadratus lumborum (of the loins), q.femoris (of the thigh), 
and q. pronator (in the forearm) : see QUADRATUS. 

1856-8 W. CLARK Van der Hoeveris Zool. II. 334 The 
quadrate bone of birds is. .divided above into two arms. 

f2. Astron. = QUARTILE<Z. Obs. 

This use of quadrate is due to the fact that the lines 
joining four equidistant points on a circle form a square; 
hence also the sign for 'quartile aspect ' is Q, as that for 
'trine' is A- Cf. QUADRATURE 4. 

155* HULOET, Quadrate aspecte of the pianettes. 1594 
BLUNDEVIL Exerc. iv. pr. 43 (1636) 501 And they [two 
Planets] are said ..to be in a quadrat aspect when they 
are distant one from another, by three signes. 1601 HOLLAND 
Pliny I. 12 The planet of Mars.. maketh station but in 
quadrate aspect : as for lupiter, in triangle aspect. 1685 
BOYLE Enq. Notion Nat. v. 126 At some time She and the 
Sun should have a Trine, or a Quadrate Aspect. 

1 3. Jig. Complete, perfect. Obs. 

1608 J. KING Serttt. St, Mary*s 7 There yet rematneth 
a fourth point to make vp a quadrate and perfitt honor of 
the King, c 1645 HOWELL Lett. vi. (1650) 253 The Moralist 
tells us that a quadrat solid wise man should . . be stilt the 
same. 1679 HARBY Key Script^. \\. 45 That future quadrate 
Righteousness of Gospel-Promise. 

1 4. Conformable, corresponding (to or with}. 
Cf. QUADRANT a. 2. Obs. 

a 1657 R* LOVEDAY Lett. (1663) 68 To construe me right, 
and believe my meaning quadrate to my words. 1674 S. 
VINCENT Yng. Gallant* $ Acad. 99 His word and his meaning 
are quadrate, and never shake hands and part. 1720 WELTON 
Suffer. Son ofGod\. vi. 112 Whose State of Life is Quadrate 
and Concentrick with the Low and Humble Poverty of their 
Redeemer. 

5. Her. Cross quadrate, a cross which expands 
into a square at the junction of the arms. 

1780 EDMONDSON Compl. Body Heraldry I. [See of] Litch- 
ftcld. Per pale gu. and ar, a cross potent quadrat. 1797 
EncycL Brit. (ed. 3) VIII. 452/1. 

Quadrate (kwg'drc't), v. Also 7-9 (6 Sf. 
pa. ppte.} quadrat, [f. L. quadrat-^ ppl. stem of 
qiiadrare to square.] 

1. trans. To make (a thing) square, rare. 



QUADRATIC. 

1560 ROLLAND Crt. Venus n. 586 With subtill wark it was 
sa robprat Properlie alswn with kirnalis weill quadrat. 1798 
in Spirit Put VI, Jrnls. (1799) II. 151 The winding stream 
quadrated into fishponds. 1841 Penny Cycl. XIX. 197/2 The 
materials . . are there quadrated or formed into rectangular 
blocks. 

b. Math. To square (a circle, etc.). rare. 

1645 HOWELL Lett. (1650) I. 26 The hardest things in 
the world were ; To quadrate a circle, to find out the philo- 
sopher's stone. 1838-9 HALLAM Hist. Lit. III. in. viii. 9 
399 It had long been acknowledged by the best geometers 
impossible to quadrate by a direct process any curve surface. 

f2. To square (a number or amount). Obs. rare~~*. 

1613 JACKSON Creed n. in. iv. 388 The Pharisees .. did as 
it were quadrate the measure of Proselytes sinnes ; multi- 
plying GentiHsme by Pharisaisme. 

3. intr. To square, agree, correspond, conform 
with (rarely to). 

1610 GUILLIM Heraldry vi, v. (1611) 265 This forme of 
Helmet.. doth best quadrate with the dignity of a Knight. 
1671 True Nonconf. 18 That it exactly quadrates to the 
case of our Controversie is apparent. 1790 WELTON Suffer. 
Son of God I. xi. 273 When their Lives Quadrate with 
their Doctrine, their Words Become of weight. 1794 PALEY 
Evid. n. i. (1817) 10 The description, .quadrates with no 
-part of the Jewish history with which we are acquainted. 
1876 J. PARKER Paracl. n. xviii. 325 He had to make 
a creed which would quadrate with his immorality. 

b. Without const : To be fitting, suitable, or 
consistent. Also of two things: To harmonize 
with each other. Now rare. 

1664 EVELYN Sylva (1776) 516 The same arguments do 
not Quadrate in trees. 1718 Freethinker No. 44 P 7 The 
Compliment, .of comparing a Beauty to a Star, will now 
quadrate in every Respect. 1791 E. DARWIN Bot. Gard. 
H. Interl. 84 The siimhes of Homer.. do not quadrate, or 
go upon all fours. 1833 CHALMERS Const. Man (1835) I. vi. 
256 That the natural . . and the legal or political . . should 
quadrate as much as possible. 

c. trans. To make conformable (to), rare. 
1669 WORLIDGE Syst. Agric. (1681) 206 Therefore I desire 

all such that expect any success to their Observations, that 
they quadrate the Rules to the places where they live. 
1817 T. L. PEACOCK Melincourt xxv, He quadrates his 
practice as nearly as he can to his theory. 

4. Artillery, a. trans. To adjust (a gun) on its 
carriage (see quots.). b. intr. Of a gun : To lie 
properly on the carriage. 

1706 PHILLIPS (ed. Kersey) s.v., In Gunnery, to quadrate 
or square a Piece, is to see whether it be duly plac'd, or 
well pois'd on the Carriage and Wheels. 1800 Naval 
Chron. IV. 53 A gun quadrates, or hangs well in her carriage. 
1867 SMYTH Sailor's Word-bk.^ Quadrate^ to trim a gun on 
its carriage and its trucks, to adjust it for firing on a level 
range. 

5. In pa. pple. : Placed in quadrate aspect. 

1829 POE Poems, Al Aaraf (1859) 192 What time the 
moon is quadrated in heaven. 

Qua'ttrated,///. a. [f. prec. + -EDI.] a. Made 
square, squared, 'f Obs. b. Quartered. rare~ l . 

a. 1578 BANKTER Hist. Man vin. 109 A nerue. .is at length 
implanted to the quadrated or foure squared Muscle. 1727- 
41 CHAMBERS Cycl. s.v. Printing^ Little quadrated pieces of 
metal, called quotations. 

b. i8ioMooR.//*rf Pantheon 249 The quadrated lozenge, 
on the breast and in the palm of this image, is also un- 
accounted for, and singular. 

f Quadrateness. Obs. rare" 1 . Squareness. 

1599 A. M. tr. Gabelhouer's Bk. Physicke 112/1 Malleate 
; . with the broadest hammers, .till it be about thre quart 
in the quadratnes therof. 

Quadratic (kwgdrse-tik), a. and sb. [ad. L. 
type * quadratic-us \ see QUADKATJE sbJ- and -ic, 
and cf. F. quadratique^\ 

A. adj. 1. Square, rare. 

1656 in BLOUNT Glossogr. 1876 tr. Wagner* $ Gen. Pat hoi. 
115 They first assume the quadratic form at a distance of 
one metre behind the head. 1884 BOWER & SCOTT De 
Bary's Phaner. 107 One epidermal cell which appears in 
surface view rounded and quadratic. 

b. Cryst. Of square section through the lateral 
or secondary axes ; characterized by this form. 

1871 ROSCOE Elem. Ckem. 215 On boiling this solution 
the salt is formed, and may be crystallized in quadratic 
prisms. 1875 BKNNETT & DYER tr. Sacks' Bot. 66 The 
calcium oxalate.. crystallises in the quadratic system. 

2. Math. Involving the second and no higher 
power of an unknown quantity or of a variable ; 
esp. in quadratic equation : see EQUATION 6. 

1668 WILKINS Real Char. u. vii. 181 Those Algebraical 
notions of Absolute, Lineary, Quadratic, Cubic. 1690 LEY- 
BOURN Curs. Math. 337 All Quadratick Aequations of this 
kind .. have two Roots. 1706 W. JONES Syn. Palmar. 
Matheseos 128 All Quadratic Equations are reducible to 
one of these Forms. 1806 MUTTON Course Math. I. 247 
A simple quadratic equation, is that which involves the 
square of the unknown quantity only. 1885 WATSON & 
BURBURY Math. The. Electr. % Magn, I. 169 If we express 
every e in terms of the potentials by means of equations. . 
E will be a quadratic function of the potentials. 

B. sb. a. A quadratic equation, b. pi. The 
branch of algebra dealing with quadratic equa- 
tions. 

1684 BAKER Geometr. Key Title-p.,Of linears, quadratics, 
cubics [etc.]. 1690 LEYBOURN Curs. Math. 337 The three 
sorts of Mixed Aequations above expressed, are all that can 
happen inQuadraticks. 1717-41 CHAMBERS Cycl. s.v., There 
are several methods of extracting the roots of adfected 
quadratics. 1827 HUTTON Course Math. I. 256 n#te t Cubic 
equations, when occurring in pairs, may usually be reduced 
to quadratics, by extermination, a 1839 PRAED Poems (1864) 
II. 41 By turns, as Thought or Pleasure wills, Quadratics 
struggle with quadrilles. 1870 [see ADFECTEU}. 



QUADRATICAL. 

Quadra tical, a. Now rare. [f. as prec. + 
-AL.] = QUADRATIC a. 

1674 JEAKE Arith. (1696) 645 The Quotient shall be 
squaredly Quadratical. 1690 LEYBOURN Curs. Math. 343 
To receive as many Cubical Points, as the Co-efficient doth 
Quadratical. 1880 GILBERT Pirates Penzance, I understand 
equations, both the simple and quadratical. 

Hence Quadra tically adv. (Cent. Diet.} 

Quadrate- (kwSdir'-to), mod. comb, form of L. 
quadratus or quadratum, QUADBATE a. or st. 1 ; 
used in some scientific terms. 

tl. Math. Quadrato-cubic a., of the fifth power 
or degree. Quadrate-quadrat (e, the fourth power. 
Quadrate-quadratic, -quadratical adjs., of the 
fourth power ; biquadratic. 06s. 

1661 HOBBES Seven Prob. Wks. 1845 VII. 67 There be 
some numbers called plane . . others *quadrato-cubic. 1787 
WARING in Phil. Trans. LXXVII. 81 Biquadratic and 
quadrate-cubic equations. 1684 T. BAKER Geometr. Key d. 2 
The "quadrate-quadrat of x, x*. 1718 CLARKE in Phil. Trans. 
XXXV. 387 The Cube, or the quadrato-quadrate, or any 
other Power. 1674 PETTY Disc. Dufl. Proportion 45 To 
have like Vessels . . equally strong, the Timber of which 
they consist must be "Quadrato-quadratic. 1677 BAKER in 
Rigaud Corr. Sci. Men (1841) II. 18 The geometrical con- 
structions of all cubic, and quadrato-quadratic equations. 
1668 BARROW ibid. 63 When the equations are *quadrato- 
quadratical. 

2. Zool. Connected with or pertaining to the 
quadrate together with some other bone, as Quad- 
ra to-Jn gal a. and sb. (see quot. 1878), -mandr- 
bular, -(meta pte'ryg-oid, -squamo-sal adjs. (see 
the second element). 

1870 RotLKSTON Anim. Life 18 The quadratojugal rod. 
1878 BELL Gegenbaur's Comp. Anat. 462 In Birds the 
quadrato-jugal is a slender piece of bone, which arises from 
the side of the mandibular joint of the quadrate. 1888 
ROLLESTON & JACKSON Anim. Life 338 The quadrate or in 
Teleostei . . the quadrato-metapterygoid. 

3. Cry st. Qna:dratoctahe-dron, an eight-sided 
crystal of square section through the secondary 
axes. 

1884 BOWER & SCOTT De Bary"s Pkaner. 137 The funda- 
mental form of the crystals belonging to the quadratic 
system is the quadratoctahedron. 

Quadratrix (kwgdrei-triks). PI. quadra- 
trices. [mod.L., fern, agent-n. from quadrdre to 
QUADRATE; cf. F. yuadralrice (ij& c.).] A curve 
used in the process of squaring other curves. 

1656 tr. fitiiaf Elem. Pkilos. (1839) 316 The ancient 
geometricians . . who made use of the quadratrix for the 
finding out of a strait line equal to the arch of a circle. 17*7- 
41 CHAMBERS Cycl. s.v., The most eminent of these quadra- 
trices are, that of Dinostrates [etc.]. 1816 tr. Lacroix's 
Diff. 9f Int. Calculus 662 The Quadratrix, a curve formerly 
celebrated for its apparent connection with the quadrature 
of the circle. 1898 tr. H. Schubert Math. Essays 124 The 
solution of the quadrature of the circle founded on the 
construction of the quadratrix. 

Quadrature (kwg-dratiui). [ad. L. quadra- 
tiira a square, the act of squaring : see QDADBATE 
v. and -DEE. Cf. F. quadrature (1529).] 

1 1. Square shape, squareness. 06s. 

1563 FOXE A.lfM. (1596) 1670 The maruellous quadrature 
of the same, I take to signifie the vniuersal agreement in 
the same. 1600 HOLLAND Liny xxv. xxiii. 565 One of the 
Romans . . counted the stones . . and made estimate to him- 
selfe of their quadrature and proportion. 1653 R. SANDERS 
Physiogn. 60 When the Quadrangle is broad, and well- 
proportioned in its quadrature. 1667 MILTON P. L. x. 380 
Parted by th' Empyreal bounds, His Quadrature, from thy 
Orbicular World. 

t2. One side of a square. Obs. rare~ l . 
'553 EDEN Treat. Newe tnd. (Arb.) 25 Euery quadrature 
or syde of the wall hath in it thre principal portes or gates. 

3. Math. The action or process of squaring ; spec. 
the expression of an area bounded by a curve, esp. 
a circle, by means of an equivalent square. 

1596 NASHE Saffron Walden 22 As much time, .as a man 
might haue found out the quadrature of the circle in. 1653 
BENLOWES Theoph. xi. xxxvii, As hard to find thy cure As 
circles puzling Quadrature. 1664 Phil. Trans. I. 15 A 
method for the Quadrature of Parabola's of all degrees. 
1743 EMERSON Fluxions p. iii, Drawing Tangents to Curves, 
finding their Curvatures, their Lengths, and Quadratures. 
i8>9 MRQ. ANCLESEA Lct.iB Feb. in Lady Morgan's Mem. 
(1862) II. 278, I am as incapable of making a rhyme as of 
effecting the quadrature of the circle. 1881 ROUTLEDGE 
Science li. 36 The attention which the problem of the quad- 
rature of the circle has attracted, 
f b. (See quot.) Obs. 

1717-41 CHAMBERS Cycl., Quadrature-lines, or lines of 
Quadrature, are two lines frequently placed on Gunter s 
sector. [Description follows.] 

4. Astron. ) a. One of the four cardinal points. 
Obs. rare- 1 . (See note on QUADRATE a. 2.) 

1601 HOLLAND Pliny I. 37 When this concurrence [of the 
planets with the sun] is about the quadratures of the heaven. 
[L. circa quadrata mundi.] 

b. One of the two points (in space or time) at 
which the moon is 90 distant from the sun, or 
midway between the points of conjunction and 
opposition. 

1685 BOYLE Enq. Notion Nat. vii. 256 When the Moon is 
in Opposition to the Sun.. that Part of Her Body which 
respects the Earth, is more Enlightned than at the New 
Moon, or at either of the Quadratures. 17*6 tr. Gregory's 
Astron. I. 126 The Passage of the Body L from the Quad- 
ratures to the Syzygies. 1774 GOLDSM. Nat. Hist. (1862) I. 
91 The tides are greatest in the syzigies, and least in the 



6 

quadratures. 1867-77 G - Y- CHAMBERS Astron. i. ii. (ed. 3) 
39 After starting from conjunction with the Sun it succes- 
sively roaches its Eastern quadrature [etc.]. 

c. The position of one heavenly body relative 
to another when they are 90 apart, esp. of the 
moon to the sun when at the quadratures (see prec.). 
t Also Quadrature aspect. 

1591 SPARRY tr. Cattan's Geomancie (1599) 185 The Quad- 
rature Aspect is from the first to the fourth, or from the first 
to the tenth. 1797 Encycl. Brit. (ed. 3) II. 508/2 Thus the 
sun and moon, . . or any two planets, may be in conjunction, 
opposition, or quadrature. i8 WOODHOUSE Astron. vii. 44 
The Sun is said to be in quadrature with a star, or planet, 
when the difference of their longitudes is 90 or 270. 1854 
BREWSTER More Worlds xvi. 236 The rays reflected from 
them when the planets are in quadrature. 

t d. Her. In quadrature, at intervals of a 
quarter-circle. Obs. 

1766 PORNY Heraldry (1787) 188 A circular Wreath, Pearl 
and Diamond [= Argent and Sable] with four Hawk's Bells 
joined thereto in quadrature Topaz [=Or]. 

f5. A division into four parts (?cf. QUADRATE 
sb?}. Obs. rare- 1 . 

1578 LYTE Dodoens vi. Ixxix. 759 Foure straight lines 
running alongst the young shutes or branches, the which 
do make v. quadrature, or a diuision of the said young 
branches into foure square partes or cliftes. 

II Quadratus (kwfdri-t3s). Anat. [L. : see 
QUADRATE sbl and a.] A quadrate muscle. Quad- 
ratus femoris, lumborum, etc. (seeQuADRATE a. I c). 
17*7-41 CHAMBERS Cycl., Quadratus . . a name applied to 
several muscles, in respect of their square figure ; as the 
palmaris, and pronators. 1756 WIN-SLOW Anat. (ed. 4) 1. 21 1 
A tendon .. inserted between the Gemelli and Quadratus. 
1843 J. G. WILKINSON Swedenborg" s Anim. Kingd. I. ii. 60 
Some of the before mentioned muscles : these are the 
triangulares and quadratus. 1870 ROLLESTON .-/ mm. Life 3 
The two psoas muscles and the quadratus lumborum. 
Quadreble, var. QUATREBLE, quadruple. 
Quadred, pa. pple. of QUADER v. Obs. 
Quadrefoil, obs. form of QUATREFOIL. 
Quadrein, obs. variant of QUATRAIN. 
t Quadrel. Obs. Also 7 -ell. [ad. It, quad- 
rello (med.L. quadrellus, OF. quarrel, F. carreau) 
square stone or brick, dim. of quadra a square : 
cf. QUARREL sb^\ A square block, esp. of brick, 
and spec, of a kind of brick used in Italy (see quot. 
1 703). Also attrib. 

1686 PLOT Staffordsh. 358 Their Quadrells of peat, are 
made into that fashion by the spade that cults them. 1688 
R. HOLME Armoury in. 457/1 A Quadrell Wall, that is 
a wall of Artificial! Stone, as Brick, Tyle, etc. 1703 T. N. 



A sort of Bricks larger than Quadrels, or common ones. 

Quadren, square : see QUADBAN. 

Quadrennial (kwgdre'nial), a. and sb. Also 
(correctly) quadriennial, (7 -ennal . . [ad. L. type 
*quadriennidl-is, -ennal-is : see Qu ADREHNICM and 
-At, and cf. F. quatriennal.'] 

A. adj. 1. Occurring every fourth year. 

1701 W. WOTTON Hist. Rome, Marcus iii. 46 Their 
Accounts of Time were reckoned by the Quadriennial 
Returns of the Grand Games. 1847 GROTE Greece n. xxviii. 
IV. 92 Peisistratus . . first added the quadrennial or greater 
Panathenxa to the ancient annual or lesser Panathenaea. 

1880 Times 27 Sept. 8/x The Archbishop of Canterbury., 
continuing his quadrennial visitation of his diocese. 1884 
Sat. Rev. 7 June 745/2 Its statutes only demanded quadren- 
nial residence. 

2. Lasting for four years. 

1656 BLOUNT Glossogr., Quadriennial, of four years. 17*7 
BAILEY, vol. II, Quadrennial, of the Space of four Years. 

1881 Daily News n Mar. 6/2 Biennial Budgets and quad- 
rennial Parliaments. 

B. sb. fa. A period of four years. Obs. rare 1 . 
b. An event happening every four years, c. A 
fourth anniversary, or its celebration (Cent. Diet.). 

a 1646 J. GREGORY Posthuma, De &ris et Epochis (1650) 
163 The Egyptians called everie daie in the year by the 
Name of som God. .and everie year of their Lustrums or 

?uadriennals in like manner. 1856 Sat. Rev. 8 Wov. 625/2 
he great quadrennial the Presidential election is the 
' Derby Day ' of America. 

Hence Quadre'nnially adv., every fourth year. 
1796 MORSE Amer. Geoff. I. 626 The senate [of Virginia] 
chosen quadrennially. 

II Qiiadrennium (kwgdre'niom). Also (cor- 
rectly) quadriennium. [a. L. quadriennium, 
f. quadri- QUADHI- + annus year.] A period of 
four years; spec, in Sc. Law (see quot. 1823). 

i83 CRABB, Quadriennium utile, . . the term of four years 
allowed . . to a minor after his majority, during which he may 
by suit, or action, endeavour to annul any deed granted to 
his prejudice during his minority. 1853 G. OLIVER Coll. 
Hist. Catk. Relig. Cornwall 482 Francis Watmough . . is 
known to have filled several quadrienniums before his death. 
1876 Fox BOURNE Locke I. ii. 52 In taking his bachelor's 
degree . . Locke abridged the old quadrennium . . by one term. 

Quadri- (kwg'dri), a first element used in combs, 
with the sense ' having, consisting of, connected with, 
etc. four (things specified) *. The L. qiiadri- was 
so employed in a few words during the classical 
period, as in the sbs. quadriduum, quadriennium, 
quadriremis, quadrimum , the adjs. quadrifidus, 
yuadrijugus, and the pple. quadripartitus. In the 
post-classical and later language such compounds 



QUADRI-. 

are much more numerous, esp. adj. forms, as quad- 
riangulus, -ennis, -formis, -gamus, -laterus, etc. 
(See also QUADBU-.) 

The earliest examples in English are quadrangle, 
quadripartite, quadrivial, which are as old as the 
15th c. ; others, as quadrijid, quadriform, quadri- 
lateral, quadrireme were introduced later, esp. in 
the 1 7th c. By far the greater number of quadri- 
compounds, however, belong to the language of 
modern science, the employment of the prefix in 
popular words being much rarer than that of bi- 
and tri-. A considerable number of those given 
in the following lists are self-explanatory, and in 
these cases the definition is omitted. 

I. Adjectives with the sense ' having or consist- 
ing of four ', ' characterized by the number four ', 
as quadriba-sic Chem., applied to certain acids 
containing four atoms of displaceable hydrogen 
(Webster, 1864); qua dricente-nnial, consisting 
of, connected with, a period of four centuries (Cent. 
Diet. 1891) ; quadrifaTious[L.-/iz>-zj], fourfold, 
having four parts ; quadrifo'cal, having four foci 
(Cent. Diet.) ; quadrifro'ntal [L. -frens], having 
four faces ; quadriga'bled ; quaclrijirgal [L. 
-jugus~\, four-horsed, belonging to a four-horse 
chariot ; quadrili-bral [L. -libris}, containing 
four pounds ; quadrilrngual [late L. -linguis], 
using, written in, etc., four languages ; quadri-- 
manous = QUADRUMANOUS ; ) quadrimood (see 
quot.) ; quadrino'mial, -no'mical, -no minal, 
consisting of four (algebraic) terms; quadri -parous 
Ornith., laying only four eggs ; quadripla'nar ; 
quivdri'plieate(d), having four folds or pleats 
(Craig, 1848); quadrisylla-bio(al), f -syllable, 
-syllabous [late L. -syllabus'] ; quadri -valent 
Chem., capable of combining with four univalent 
atoms. 

" '745 SWIFT To George-Nim-Dan-Dean Esq. Wks. 1841 
1. 762 Hail human compound *quadrifarious. .Invincible as 
wight Briareus. a 1859 DE QOINCEY Posth. Wks. (rSgi) I. 
235 AH the quadrifanous virtue of the scholastic ethics. 
1886 Academy 25 Apr. 288/1 The famous *Quadrifrontal 
Roman Arch [at Tripoli). 1891 A. HEALES Archil. Ch, 
Denmark 69 On the north is a staircase, the angles are 
of brick; *quadrigabled. 1819 H. BUSK Veslriad iv. 636 
Aurora's neighing steeds .. draw on her *quadrijugal car. 
1674 JEAKE Arith. (1696) 01 Some mention a Triple 
Choenix, as Bilibral, *Quadrilibral, and Quinquelibral. 1876 



is the leaping of one Voyce to another by a fift, consisting 
of three '1 ones, and a semitone . . Therefore Pontifex cals it 
the *Quadri-moode Interuall. 1717 BAILEY vol. II, *Quadri- 
nomial, . . consisting of four Denominations or Names. 
1866-99 W. R. HAMILTON Elem. Quatern. (ed. 2) I. 245 The 
principal use which we shall here make of the standard 
quadrmomial form. 1883 SALMON Anal. Geom. 3 Dimens. 
(ed. 4) 23 We shall use these *quadriplanar coordinates, 
whenever, .our equations can be materially simplified. 1883 
Contemf. Rev. Dec. 938 The old absurdity of reading 
everything possible into quadrisyllable feet. 1656 BLOUNT 
Glossogr., * Quadrisyllable. . . that hath four syllables. 1678 
PHILLIPS (ed. 4), List Barbarous Words,*Quadrisyllatous, 
consisting of four syllables. 1869 Eng. Meek. 12 Nov. 198/3 
The elements are classified as . . tetratomic or "quadrivalent, 
having four attractions. 1880 CLEMINSHAW Wurtz' Atom. 
The. 283 Carbon is quadrivalent and oxygen bivalent. 

b. Sot. and Zool., as quadrialate, having four 
ate or wing-like processes (Syd. Soc. Lex. 1897) ; 
quadria'nnulate, having or consisting of four 
rings ; quadriarti'oulate(d), having four joints ; 
quadrica'psular, -ca'psulate ; quadrica'rinate, 
having four carinse or keel-shaped lines, spec, of an 
orthopterous insect (Cent. Diet. 1891); quadri- 
ce'llular ; quadrici'liate, having four cilia or 
hairs ; quadrioi'pital, having four heads or points 
"of origin, as the quadriceps muscle ; qua-drioorn, 
having four horns (ibid., so -oornous (Blonnt 
Glossogr. 1656); quadrioo'state, having four 
costse or ribs ; quadricotyle'donous, having two 
deeply divided (and thus apparently four) cotyle- 
dons ; qua'dricresce-ntic, -toid, having four 
crescents ; of teeth : having four crescentic folds ; 
quadricu'spid, -cu'spidate, of teeth : having four 
cusps or points ; quadride'ntate(d), having four 
serrations or indentations ; quadridi-gitate, having 
four digits or similar divisions ; quadrifo'liate, 
consisting of four leaves; also = quadrifoliolate, 
of a compound leaf : having four leaflets growing 
from the same point ; quadrifu'roate(d), having 
four forks or branches ; quadrige'minal, -ous, 
belonging to the corpora quadrigemina at the base 
of the brain; also =quadrige'minate, formed of 
four similar parts, fourfold ; quadrigla-ndular ; 
quadrihi'late (see qnot.) ; quadrijirgate, -ju-- 
gous, of a leaf: having four pairs of leaflets 
(Martyn, 1 793) ; quadrila'minar, -ate ; quadrilo'- 
bate, -lobed ; quadrilo'cular, -ate, having four 
compartments; quadrime'mbrul; quadrino'dal; 



QUADBI-. 

quadri nu*cle ate ; quadripe'nnate, having four 
wings (Worcester, 1846) ; f quadriphy llous (see 
quot.) ; quadripi'nnate, having four pinnte or 
side leaflets ; quadripo'lar, having four poles or 
centres of division in a cell ; quadripirlmonary, 
of spiders : having two pairs of pulmonary sacs 
(Cent.Dict^}\ quadrira'diate (see quot.); quadri- 
ee'ptate, having four septa or dissepiments ; quad- 
rise'rial, arranged in four series or rows ; quadri- 
se-tose, having four setae or bristles (Cent* Viet.} ; 
quadrispi'ral ; f quadrisulc [late L. -suffus], 
quadrisu'lcate(d), having four grooves or furrows, 
having a four-parted hoof; quadritube'rcular, 
-tube'reulate ; qua'drivalve, -va'lvular. 

1856-8 W. CLARK Van der HoeverCs Zool. I. 321 Abdomen 
*quadriannulate, oval, 1826 KIRBY & SP. Entomol. IV. 
325 *Quadriarticulate. 1834 MMURTRIE Cuvier's Anim. 
Kingd. 361 The Insects . . are remarkable . . for their short 
*quadriarticulated tarsi. 1731 BAILEY vol. II, *Quadri- 
capsular, . . having a seed pod divided into four partitions. 
1857 BERKELEY Cryptog. Bot. 163 The biciliate spores . . do 
not arise.. from the same tissue as the *quadriciliate. 1854 
OWEN Skel. $ Teeth in Circ. Sc,, Organ. Nat. I. 299 The 
three true molars are *quadricuspid. 1839-47 TODD Cycl. 
Anat. III. 264/2 The three *quadricuspidate grinders of the 
upper jaw. 1760 J. LEE Introd. Bot. I. xv. (1765) 39 
*Ouadridentate, split into four segments. 1828 STARK 
Elem. Nat. Hist. II. 159 Body covered with a reddish 
down, ..front quadridentate. 1858 MAYNE Exj>os. Lex., 
Quadridigitatus, .. applied to a leaf, the petiole of which 
terminates in four folioles . . *quadridigitate. 1866 Treas. 
Bot. 947/1 *Quadri/oliate. 1884 BOWER & SCOTT De Bary's 
Plianer. 341 The leaves, .are ranged in alternating, usually 
quadrifoliate whorls. 1777 PENNANT Zool, IV. 7 Cr. with 
a *quadri-furcated snout. 1839-47 TODD Cycl. Anat. III. 
686/1 The *quadrigeminal bodies rest upon two processes 
of fibrous matter. 1856 TODD & BOWMAN Phys. Anat, II. 
39 From the quadrigeminal tubercles to the chiasma. 1866 
Treas. Bot. 947/1 * Quadri hi late, having four apertures, as 
is the case in certain kinds of pollen. 1819 Pantologia X, 
*Quadrilobate leaf. 1839-47 TODD Cycl. Anat. III. 607/2 
These cords . . encircle the oesophagus above which they 
develope a quadrilobate ganglion. 1775 JENKINSON tr. Lin- 
nxiis Brit. Plants 255 *Quadrilocnlar. 1835 LiNDLEY 
Introd. Bot. (1839) I. 176 The anther could not originally 
be quadrilocular, because it opens by two fissures only. 
1731 BAILEY vol. I \*Quadriphyllous^. .Plants whose flowers 
have [four] leaves or petals. 1881 Card. Chron. XVI. 685 
The fronds are *quadripinnate in the lower and more com- 
pound portions. 1867 J. HOGG Microsc. H. ii. 400 Some 
Smyrna sponges, and species of Geodia, have four rays 
*quadriradiate. 1887 W. PHILLIPS Brit. Discomycetes 149 
Pallid; cups clavate, substipitate ; margin incurved ; spori- 
dia . . long, *quadriseptate. 1839 JOHNSTON in Proc. Berw. 
Nat. Clitb I. No. 7. 199 Suckers of the . . tentacula *quadri- 
serial. 1693 Phil ' Trans - XVII. 934 Musk he takes to be . . 
secreted in its proper Cystis near the Navil of a ^Quadrisulc 
Animal like a Deer. 1775 JENKINSON tr. Linnaeus Brit. 
Plants 255 *Qnadrisulcated. 1856-8 W. CLARK Van der 
Hoevens Zool. II. 753 The two other true molars *quadri- 
tuberculate. 1785 MARTYN Ronsseatt's Bot. xvi. 199 The 
capsule is *quadnvalve [ed. 1794 quadrivalvular] or opens 



268 
cap- 



into four parts. 1875 H. C. WOOD Therap. (1879) 

Readily distinguished by its . . quadrivalve spinescent r 

sules. 1762 RUSSELL in Phil. Trans. LII. 556 What 
appeared to be the mouth, was situated a little below the 
apex, and was "quadrivalvular. 

H. Sbs., vbs., and advs., chiefly from adjs. in I : 
quadricente'nuial, a four hundredth anniversary ; 
quadriceps (extensor) [cf. BICEPS], a large muscle 
of the leg, having four heads ; qua'drichord 
[late L. -chorduiri\ = TETBAOHORD ; qua'dricorn, 
an animal with four horns or antennae (Brande 
Diet. Set. 1 842) ; qua'dricycle, a four-wheeled 
cycle ; quadrifa'riously adv., in a fourfold man- 
ner ; qufvdrifoil = QUATREFOIL ; qua'drifurca-- 
tion , a division into four branches ; quadri 'gamist 
[L. -gamus], one four times married; qua'dri- 
logue, an account by four persons ; a dialogue 
between four ; quadrHogy, a tetralogy ; quadri- 
pe'nnate, a four-winged insect (Brande, 1842) ; 
quadripo'rticus, a colonnade or peristyle round 
a quadrangular building or space ; qua drisacra- 
me'ntalist, -sacrament a Tian, a name applied to 
some i6th c. German reformers who held Baptism, 
the Eucharist, Confession and Orders to be sacra- 
ments (Blunt Diet. Sects 1874); qua'drisect v. t 
to divide into four equal parts; hence quadri- 
se-ction ; quadrisu'lcate, a four-toed animal 
(Brande, 1842) ; quadrisyllable, a word of four 
syllables ; quadri valence, the power of an atom 
or radical to combine with four univalent atoms ; 
quadrrvalent, a quadrivalent element ; qua'dri- 
yalve, a plant with a quadrivalvular seed-pod ; an 
instrument, esp. a speculum, with four valves; 
T" quadri'virate, a union of four men. 

i88a Standard 23 Aug. 5/1 To celebrate their *quadri- 
centennial with a banquet. 1840 G. V. ELLIS Anat. 636 
They separate the *quadriceps extensor muscle from the 
others. 1585 T. WASHINGTON tr. Nicholay's Voy. xi. ix. 42 
Terpandre the famous Musition, which joined the seventh 
string to the *quadricord. 1728 R. NORTH Mem. Music 
(1846)34 That these might augment the voice is certain, but , 
then they must be tuned to the quadrichord. 1884 Cycl. ' 
Tour. Club Gaz. Mar. 86/1 A *quadricycle of the form of the 
Coventry. 1822 T. TAYLOR Apuleius, On God of Socrates 300 
There arc four most known elements, nature being as it were 

quad ri furiously separated into large parts. 1845 Lu. CAMP- 



BELL Chancellors (1857) I. xili. 198 The scholar .. stuffs his 
volume with firstling violets, roses, and *quadrifoils. 1884 



we forget the precise number of his marriages, a 1556 CRAN- 
MER Wks. (Parker Soc.) 1. 66 Your wise dialogue, or *quadri- 
logue, between the curious questioner, the foolish answerer, 
your wise catholic man standing by, and the mediator. 
1570-6 LAMBARDE Peramb. Kent (1826) 358 The Quadriloge 
of Beckets life, a 1656 USSHER in Gutch Coll. Cur. I. 46 
Thomas Becket (as we read in the Quadrilogue, or Quadri- 
partite History of his Life). 1865 Athenseum No. 1950. 
355/3 His *quadrilogy of Nibelungen operas. 1849 FREE- 
MAN A rchit. 276 The form of Amru's mosque . . being a mere 
*quadriporticus round an open space. 1865 C. R. WELD 
Last Winter_Rome 97 Among the most remarkable features 
of this building, .are the Atrium and quadri port icus. 1809 
CAVENDISH in Phil. Trans. XCIX. 227 In *quadrisecting, 
the error of the middle point = ae. 1673 WALLIS in Rigaud 
Corr. Set. Men (1841) II. 571 We find, by the *quadrisection 
of an arch or angle, a biquadratic equation of four roots. 
1809 CAVENDISH in Phil. Trans. XCIX. 227 In the method 
of continued bisection, the two opposite points must be 
found by quadrisection. 1706 PHiLLiPS(ed. Kersey), *Quadri- 
syllable^ a Word made up of four Syllables. 1827 HARE 
Guesses Sen i. (1873) 109 Our dignity will not condescend, 
to enter into any thing short of a quadrisyllable. 1884 
TRAILL in Macm. Mag. Oct. 444/1, I will end the sentence 
with ignoramus.. a quadrisyllable. iSSoCLEMiNSHAwWwr/s' 
Atom. The. 211 Carbon is therefore a *quadrivalent. 1731 
BAILEY vol. II, *Quadrivalves t . . those Plants whose seed 
pods open in four valves or partitions. 1871 F. G. THOMAS 
Dts. Women (ed. 3) 76 Of valvular specula the bivalve of 
Ricord .. and the quadrivalve of Charriere have long been 
popular. 1654 GAYTON Pleas. Notes iv. xvii. 258 This blood - 
lesse victory, over a *Quadrivirate of Mummers. 

b. Math. Chiefly in sense 'quadric', *of the 
second degree or order ', as qua'dricone, -co- 
va -riant, -derivative, quadrinva'riant ; also 
quadrino'mial, an expression consisting of four 
terms. 

1856 A. CAYLEY Wks. (1889) II. 272 No. 9 is the *quadri- 
covariant, or Hessian. 1706 W. JONES Syn. Palmar. 
Matheseos 171 To raise any. .*Quadn-nomial. .to any given 
Power. 1827 HUTTON Course Math. I. 167 When the com- 
pound quantity consists of two terms, it is called a Binomial, 
. . when of four terms a Quadrinomial. 1856 A. CAYLEY 
Wks. (1889) II. 271 No. i is the quadric itself; no. 2 is the 
*quadr in variant. 1884 W. R. W. ROBERTS in Hertnathena 
X. 182 Functions, .expressed by the quadrinvariants of the 
quantics [etc.], 

c. Chem. In the names of chemical compounds, 
denoting the presence of four atoms or equivalents 
of an element or radical in a compound, as quadri- 
oxalate ^-phosphate t -stear ate ^-sulphide. Now super- 
seded by TETKA-. 

1836-41 BRANDE Chem. (ed. 5) 1067 Then ether would be 
a compound of i atom of *quadrihydrocarbon and i of 
water. 1826 HENRY Elem. Chem. I. 591 *Quadriphosphate 
of lime. 1836-41 BRANDE Chem. (ed. 5) 685 The phosphoric 
glass . . is considered by Dr. Thomson as a definite compound, 
which he has termed quadri phosphate of lime. 1849 D. 
CAMPBELL Inorg. Chem. 299 *Quadrisulphide of molybde- 
num, MoS_4. 1897 A llbutt f s Syst. Med. IV. 293 It [uric acid] 
is present in the urine in the form of a *quadriurate. 

Quadri-, occas. erron. form of QUADBTJ-. 

Quadrible, obs. variant of QUADRABLE a. 

Quadrible, variant of QUATBEBLE a. and v. 

Quadric (kwo/drik), a. and sb. Math. [ad. L. 
type *guadric-u$ , f. quadra square : see -ic.J 

A. adj. Of the second degree. (Used in solid 
geometry, and where the variables are more than 
two.) 

1858 A. CAYLEY Wks. (1889) II. 497 The case of any 
quadric function of variables. 1865 Athenaeum No. 1950. 

;2/2 Quadric Inversion. 1884 A, S. HART in ffentiutkenct 

.. 164 Such curves.. can be traced on a quadric surface. 
Ibid. 166 Two of the, given equations will represent quadric 

ones. 

B. sb. A quantic or surface of the second degree. 
1856 A, CAYLEY Wks. (1889) II. 271 The tables Nos. i and 2 

are the covariants of a binary quadric. 1881 MAXWELL, 
Electr. fy Magn. I, 215 A variable parameter, which we 
shall distinguish by a suffix for the species of quadric. 1884 
A. S. HART in Hermathena X. 164 There are many such 
[twisted algebraic] curves which do not He on any quadric. 

Quadriennial, -ium : see QUADRENNIAL, -IUM. 

Quadrifid (kw2'drifid) , a. (sd.) Also 7 quadri- 
fide. [ad. L. quadrifid-us t f. QUADBI- + Jid- root 

ifindere to cleave. Cf. mod.F. quadrifide^\ Cleft 
into four divisions or lobes. 

1661 LOVELL Hist. Anim. fy Min. 109 Claws like a Cow ; 
but quadrifide. 1766 PENNANT Zool. (1769) III. 320 The 
tail is naturally bifid, but in many is trifid, and in some even 
quadrifid. 1850 LINDLEY Nat. Syst. Bot. 52 Distinguished 
by. .the quadrifid calyx. 1875 DARWIN Insectiv. PI. xiv. 326 
The quadrifid processes on the outer parts of the lobes. 
b. absol. as sb. A quadrifid process. 

1875 DARWIN Imectiv. PI. xiv. 326 On the broad outer 
surfaces of the lobes where the quadrifids are situated. 

Quadriform (kw2'drifpam), a. 1 [ad. late L. 
quadriformis : see QUADBI- and -FOBM. Cf. obs. 
F. qttadriforme^\ Having four forms or aspects. 

1668 H. MORE Dili. Dial. v. x. (1713) 440 This quadriform 
aspect of the Cherubims. 1850 NEALE Med. Hymns (1867) 
109 Quadriform His Acts, which writing They produce 
before our eyes. 1858 MAYNE Expos. Lex., Quadri/onms, 
..applied to a crystal which presents the combination of 
four distinct forms, .quadriform. 1874 Supernat. Rtttf, II. 
in. ii. 476 Quadriform is the Gospel, and quadrifonn the 
course of the Lord. 



QUADBILITERAL. 

Qua-driform, at rare. [f. L. *qtiadri- comb, 
form of quadra square + -FOKM.] Square-shaped, 
f Ahojig: : Perfect (cf. QUADBATE a. 3). 

1679 HARBV Key Serif f. n. 34 It principally intends, .that 
true quadriform Righteousness of Gospel-Promise. 1888 
Pall Mall G. 6 July ip/i On the extreme end of the 
scabbard is a large quadriform mace head. 

II Quadriga (kwgdrai-ga). [L. ; later sing, form 
for pi. quadrigm contr. of quadrijugx, f. quadri- 
QCADBI- +jugum yoke. Cf. F. quadrige (i 7th c.), 
and see QUATHBIGAN.] 

1. A chariot drawn by four horses harnessed 
abreast; esp. as represented in sculpture or on coins. 

1727-41 CHAMBERS Cycl. s.v., On the reverses of medals 
we frequently see Victory, or the emperor, in a quadriga, 
holding the reins of the horses. 1850 LEITCH tr. C. O. 
Mailer's Anc. Art (ed. z) 452 Apollo.. guides a quadriga, 
in which he is carrying off a lofty and noble female form. 
1884 Chr. World 14 Aug. 612/5 A quadriga in bronze 
carrying a figure of Victory. 

2. A form of surgical bandage for the sternum 
and ribs. ? Obs. 

1743 HEISTER Surgery (1768) II. in. iv. 371 The Generality 
of Surgeons make use of a peculiar and stronger Bandage 
for this purpose, which they call the Quadriga or Cata- 
pkracta. [Hence in CHAMBERS Cycl. SuppL (App,), and 
some later diets.] 

Hence t QuadriguTious a., ' of or belonging to 
a Charriot-man ' (Blount Glossogr. 1656). 

t Quadrigate, a. (sb.~) Obs. rare. [ad. L. quad- 
rigat-us : see prec.] Of a coin : Stamped with the 
figure of a quadriga, b. sb. A coin so stamped. 

1600 HOLLAND Livy xxir. Hi. 464 To pay 300 quadrigate 
pieces of siluer. Ibid. liv. 465 note, A Quadrigate . . is 
a piece of siluer coyne among the Romanes, the same that 
Denarius : called so of Quadriga. 

t Qnadrilater, a. Obs. rare. [ad. late L. 
quadrilater-us, f. quadri- QUADRI- + later- stem 
of/a/wjside. C,i.f.quadrilatere(ai^i^I\ =next. 

1570 BILLINGSLEY Euclid i. xxi. 31 Wherefore this present 
figure . . is . a quadrilater triangle. 1571 DIGGES Pantoin. 
H. xvii. O ij b, The figure signified by the quadrilater super- 
ficies ABGF. 

Quadrilateral (kwgdrilae'teral), a. and sl>. 
Also 7 quadrilaterall. [ad. L. type *quadri- 
lateralis, f. quadrilater-us + -AL. See prec. and 
cf. F. quadrilateral] 

A. adj. Four-sided ; having a four-sided base or 
section. 

1656 STANLEY Hist. Philos. v. (1701) 162/2 The Altar., 
was no longer a Cube, but . . a quadrilateral Pillar. 1674 tr. 



with square Bases. 1836-41 BRANDE Chem. (ed. 5) 1125 

Carbazotate of Potassa crystallizes in long yellow quad- 
rilateral needles. 1876 DUHRING Dis. Skin 38 Nails are 
rounded or quadrilateral bodies. 
b. Sot. Of a stem: (see quot.). 
1875 BENNETT & DYER Sachs' Bot. 184 The principal 
sections of all the leaves, .may lie in two planes, crossing 
one another at right angles, when the shoot is quadri- 
lateral. 

B. sb. A figure bounded by four straight lines ; 
a space or area having four sides. 

In mod. Geotn. A figure formed by four straight lines, no 
three of which pass through the same point, and by the six 
points (vertices) forming the intersections of these lines, 
taken two by two (Cf. QUADRANGLE). 

1650 T. RUDD E-uclide 45 To forme a. .Quadrilaterall, 
about which a circle may be circumscribed. 1827 HUTTON 
Course Math. I. 282 A Diagonal is a line joining any two 
opposite angles of a quadrilateral. 1866 R. A. PROCTOR 
Handbk. Stars 16 The intermediate figures are quad- 
rilaterals of varying form. 1893 E. H. BARKER Wanderings 
by Southern Waters 301 Four . . towers occupying the angles 
of a small quadrilateral. 

b. The space lying between, and defended by, 
four fortresses ; spec, that in North Italy formed by 
the fortresses of Mantua, Verona, Peschiera, and 
Legnano. 

1859 Times i July 8/5 Such fortresses as compose the 
famous ' Quadrilateral '. 1866 Sat. Rev. 21 July 66/1 The 
Quadrilateral and Venice still remain in the hands of the 
Austrians. 1870 Pall Mall G. 2 Sept. 2 He has four 
fortresses around him . . but upon twelve square miles of 
territory.. he cannot play at quadrilaterals. 

Jig. 1888 LD. ROSEBERY in Daffy News 20 Feb. 5/5 
Am overjoyed . . that Edinburgh is once more the quad- 
rilateral of Liberalism. 

Hence Quadrila'teralness, 'tr-e property of 
having four sides' (Bailey, vol. II, i7 2 7)- 

Qnadriliteral (kwgdrilHeral), a. and s6. [f. 
QUADBI- -t- LITEBAL.] 

A. adj. Consisting of four letters ; spec, of 
Semitic roots which have four consonants instead 
of the usual three (see triliteral). 



and quadriliteral as well as biliteral roots. 1837 PHILLIPS 
Syriac Granim. 96 Quadriliteral verbs. 1869 B. DAVIES tr. 
Gesenius' Hebrew Gram. 86 Such lengthened forms . . are 
not regarded as quadriliteral. 

B. ib. A word of four letters : a (Semitic) root 
containing four consonants. 

1787 SIR W. JONKS Disc. Arabs Wks. 1799 I. 40 If we 
suppose ten thousand of them [Arabic roots] (without 



QUADRILLE. 

reckoning quadriliterals) to exist [etc.]. 1839 PAULI Anal. 
Hebr. xxviii. 205 The so-called Quadri- and Quinti- literals 
are compounds [etc.]. 1864 PUSEY Left. Daniel^d On the 
principle of reducing the words to quadriliterals. 1874 SAYCE 
Compar. Philol. ii. 78 Quadriliterals . . for the most part have 
extended a vowel into a liquid. 

Quadrille (see next), j-i.l Also 8 quadrill. 
[a. F. quadrille (1725); referred by Littre to It. 
quadriglio of the same meaning, but by Hatz.- 
Darm. said to be ad. Sp. cuartillo, the form in F. 
being due to association with quadrille, Sp. cuad- 
rilla (see next).] A card-game played by four 
persons with forty cards, the eights, nines, and tens 
of the ordinary pack being discarded, t Also fl. 

Quadritie began to take the place of ombre as the fashion-. 
able card game about 1726, and was in turn superseded by 
whist. 

1736 in Suffolk Corr. (1824) I. 257 Sir T. Coke [etc.] . . 



. 
wrangle at Quadrille. 1768 in Priv. Lett. /.</. Malmesbury 

I. 161, I preferred a sober game of quadrilles with Miss 
Chudleigh. 1789 MRS. PIOZZI Journ. France, etc. I. 22 
The petty pleasures of sixpenny quadrille. 1833 LAMB 
Etta (1860) 51 Quadrille, she has often told me, was her first 
love, but whist had engaged her maturer esteem. 1861 T. L, 
PEACOCK Gryll Gr. xxiii. 198 Amongst the winter evening's 
amusements were two forms of quadrille : the old-fashioned 
game of cards, and the more recently fashionable dance. 

attrib. 1731 FIELDING Mod. Huso. i. ii, Bring the Quad- 
rille book hither ; see whether I am engaged. 1733 GAY 
Distr. Wife iv, Lady Rampant depends upon your lady- 
ship to make up her quadrille party. 1843 LEFEVRE Life 
Trav. Phys. II. I. xiv. 44 The old Countess sat down to 
the quadrille table with three other ladies. 

Quadrille (kwgdrH, kwa-, ka-), sb? [a. F. 
quadrille (Cotgr. 1611), ad. Sp. cuadrilla, Pg. 
quadrilha, It. quadriglia, a band, troop, company, 
'a Squadron containing 25 (or fewer) Sonldiers' 
(Cotgr.), app. f. cuadra, quadra square ; cf. Sp. 
escuadra, It. squadra, squadrone SQUADRON.] 

1. One of four groups of horsemen taking part in 
a tournament or carousel, each being distinguished 
by special costume or colours. 

1738 G. SMITH Curious Relat. II. 389 The first Quad- 
rille, led on by their Chief, the Duke of Weissenfels. 1766 
Chron. in Ann. Reg. 118/1 The four quadrilles representing 
four different nations. 1777 J. CARTER KingZayde in Evans 
O. B. (1784) III. xviii. 182 Two of the four quadrilles,. .Take 
lances in their hands. 

trans/. 1831 SCOTT Kenilta. xxxvii. The four quadrilles 
of masquers .. drew up in their several ranks. 

2. A square dance, of French origin, usually per- 
formed by four couples, and containing five sections 
or figures, each of which is a complete dance in 
itself. Also called ' a set of quadrilles '. 

1773 MRS. HARRIS in Priv.'Lett. Ld. Malmesbury I. 269 
A few evenings ago some company were rehearsing quad- 
rilles at Mrs. Hobart's in St. James' Square. 1833 BHYON 
yuan xi. Ixx, Dissolving in the waltz . . Or proudlier 
prancing with mercurial skill Where Science marshals forth 
her own quadrille. 1833 HT. MARTINEAU Loom ff Lugger 

II. iv. 64 A twang of the fiddle called her up for her first 
quadrille. 1863 GRONOW Remin. 44, 1 recollect the persons 
who formed the first quadrille that was ever danced at 
Almack's were Lady Jersey [etc.). 

attrib. and Comb. 1818 LADY MORGAN Autobiog. (1859) 
36 There was some pretty quadrille-dancing. 1839 LYTTON 
Devereux n. viii, I disappointed her in not searching for 
her at every drum and quadrille-party. 

b. A piece of music to which a quadrille may 
be danced. 

Quadri-lle, sb2 rare~ l . pad. It. quadrello 
pack-needle, assimilated to prec.] A square needle. 

18x8 Art Present. Feet 68 Scratching it with the point 
of the quadrille or squared bodkin. 

t Quadrrlle, v> Obs. rare- 1 , [f. QDADBILLE 
ji.l] intr. To play at the game of quadrille. 

1734 MRS. DELANY Lett, to Mrs. A. Granville 508 They 
qtiadrilled after dinner till ten, and I dozed by them, .losing 
at cards infallibly lulls me to sleep. 

Quadrille (kwgdrH, kwa-, ka-),K.2 [f. QDAD- 
BILLE si. 2 ] intr. To dance quadrilles. Also quasi- 
trans. with cognate obj., and trans, in nonce-use. 

1828 Light ff Shade II. 105 His uses are . . to quadrille 
with young [ladies]. 1831 MOORE Summer Fete, These gay 
things, born but to quadrille. The circle of their doom fulfil. 
18 . . Country Dunce ff Quad, xxvii, Men . . Quadrilled 
on one side into fops, And drilled on t'other into slaves ! 
1841 MOTLEY Corr. (1889) I. iv. 93, 1 waltzed one waltz, and 
quadrilled one quadrille, but it was hard work. 

Hence Quadri'Uer ; Quadrl-lling vbl. sb. 

1820 Blackiv. Mag. VII. 521 Her husband was formerly 
one of the gayest, .quadrillers, waltzers [etc.]. 1820 PRAED 
County Ball 399 Upon our waltzing and quadrilling. 1840 
LADY C. BURY Hist, of Flirt \, They were the most inde- 
fatigable of quadrillers. 1853 READE Chr. Johnstone 99 
Dancing reels, with heart and soul, is not quadrilling. 

II Quadrille (kadr'y), a. [F. ; f. quadrille a 
small square, ad. Sp. cuadrillo QOADBEL.] =next. 

1884 Casselts Fam. Mag. Apr. 313/1 The new lace is 
called ' quadrille '. It has large square meshes [etc.]. 

Quadrilled (kw^drrld) , a. [ad. F. quadrille : 
see prec,] Marked with squares; having a pattern 
composed of small squares. 

1835 Court Mag. VI. p. xvii/2 The prettiest of these is 
the quadrilled gros de Naples, with a white ground, and 
a flower in each square. 1899 B'ham Weekly Post 2 Sept. 
20/3 Th e second [tie] is of red silk quadrilled with black. 



8 

Quadrillion (kwgdri-lyan). [a. F. quadrillion 
(10th c.), f. quadri- + (million: see BILLION.] 

a. In Great Britain : The fourth power of a million, 
represented by I followed by twenty-four ciphers. 

b. In U.S. (as in France): The fifth power of a 
thousand, or I followed by fifteen ciphers. 



1674 JEAKE Arith. (1696) 14 Others, .call the twenty-fifth 
place Quadrillion. 1706 W. JONES Syn. Palmar. Matheseos 
8 Then the 4th point from Units stands under Quad- 



rillions. 1795-8 T. MAURICE Hindustan (1820) I. i. iv. 142 
Two quadrillions . . of lunar years. 1891 Pall Mall G. 
4 Mar. 3/2, 1 wonder how many quadrillions, quintillions, 
sextillions there are of them [locusts]. 

Hence Quadri llionai re (after MILLIONAIRE^, 
one who possesses a quadrillion of the standard unit 
of money in any country. Quadri llionth .. the 
ordinal numeral corresponding to quadrillion ; s/>., 
a quadrillionth part (Funk's Staml. Viet. 1893). 

a 1876 M. COLLINS Pen Sketches (1879) 1. 172 A millionaire 
(we shall soon have billionaires, trilhonaires, quadrillion- 
aires). 1883 SALA Amer. Revil. (1885) 174 Silver-mine 
millionnaires and Wall-street quadrillionnaires. 

Quadrimanous, obs. var. QCADBUMANOUS. 

f Quadrrmular, a. Obs. rare- 1 . [(.L.guaJ- 
rlm-us (f. quadri- + hiem-s winter) + -DLAB.] Last- 
ing for four years. 

1664 H. MORE Synopsis Proph. 341 This quadrimular 
antichrist shall not onely over-run Christendom, but subdue 
the Grand Signior. 

Quadrin, variant of QUADBWE 1. 

Quadrinate (kwg-drinA), a. Bot. [f. QUADBI- 
on anal, of BINATE.] Having four leaflets ; quadri- 
foliate. 1870 BENTLEY Bot. 164. 

tQuadrine 1 . Obs. rare. Also -in. [a. obs. F. 
quaarin (It. quadrino), var. of quatrin QUATBINE.] 
A small copper coin ; a farthing. 

X557 N. T. (Genev.) Mark xii. 42 And there came a certayne 
poore wydow, and she threw in two mytes which make 
a quadnn. 1579-80 NORTH Plutarch 722 (R.) One of her 
paramours sent her a purse full of quadrines (which are 
little pieces of copper money) instead of silver. 

I Quadrine'-'. Obs. rare- 1 . [For QUADBAN or 
QUADBANT, on anal, of TBINE.] Quartile aspect. 

1638 WITHER Brit. Rememb. v. 1050 In Sextile, or in 
Quadrine, or in Trine. 

t Quadringena-riouB, a. Obs. rare , [ad. 
L. quadringenari-its , f. quadringeni four hundred 
each.] ' That contains four hundred ' (Blonnt 
Glossogr. 1656). 

Quadripartite (kwgdripa'Jtsit), a. and sb. 
Also 7 -partit; 6 quadri-, 6-7 quadrapertite ; 
6-8 quadrupartite, (6 -pertite). [ad. L. quadri- 
partit-us, f. quadri- QOADBI- + pa. pple. oifartiri 
to divide, PART.] 

A. adj. 1. Divided into, or consisting of, four 
parts. Now chiefly in Sot., Zool., and Arch. 

Quadripartite vault, one divided into four converging 
compartments ; so q uadriparte groining. 

1433-50 tr. Higden (Rolls) III. xix That kynge Nabu- 
godonosor hade a dreame of a quadripartite ymage. 1570 
LEVINS Manip. 151/43 Quadripartite, quadripartitus. 1612 
SELDEN Illustr. Drayton's Poly^ilb. iv. 215 Wks. 1876 I. 
115 Frederic Ill's institution of the quadripartite Society 
of S. George's shield. 1768-74 TUCKER Lt. Nat. (1834) II. 
464 The quadripartite discourse upon Phil. ii. 6. 1849 
FREEMAN Archil. 246 The aisles of large churches are 
almost always covered with plain quadripartite vaulting. 
1875 BENNETT & DYER tr. Sachs' Bot. 584 The tubular re- 
ceptacle . . is even quadripartite, corresponding to the four 
perianth-leaves and to the four stamens. 

b. spec. Of a contract, indenture, etc. : Drawn 
up in four corresponding parts, one for each party. 

1537 Lane, f, Chesh. Wills (Chetham Soc. 1854) 33 A 
declaracion of my will mynde and testament quadripertite 
therunto annexed. 1593 WEST \st Pt. Symbol. 47 These 
deedes indented are not only bypartite . . but also may be 
made. .quadrupartite. 1650 Bury^ Wills (Camden) 224 As 
in the said indenture quadrapertite fully appeareth. 1874 
MACRAY in 4/A Rep. Hist. MSS. Comm. 461/1 Extract from 
the will of Hugh Falstolf . . made in the form of a quadri- 
partite indenture. 

2. Divided among or shared by four persons or 
parties. 

1594 LYLY Moth, Bomb. in. ii, They commit the matter to 
our quadrapertite wit. 1741 RICHARDSON Pamela ^(1824) I. 
Ixxvn. 434 Your reconciliation is now effected ; a friendship 
quadrupartite is commenced. Ay^Blactew. Mag. XXXVII. 
44 They, .formed a quadripartite alliance. 

3. Quadripartite division (-^distinction), division 
into four parts, classes, etc.; spec, in Eccl. a four- 
fold division of tithes (see quot. 1855). 

1614 SELDEN Titles Hon. 383 The quadripartit distinction 
of Ciuilians which they haue. 1650 FULLER Pisgah i. iv. 
10 Making a quadripartite division of good wine. - 



division, to the bishop, the clergy, the fabric and services of 
the church, and the poor, generally prevailed in the West. 
1883-3 SCHAFF Encycl. Relig. Knowl. I. 724 The quadri- 
partite division of theology, into exegetical, dogmatical, 
historical, and practical theology. 

B. sb. The Tetrabiblos of Ptolemy. 
1477 NORTON Ord. Alch. i. in Ashm. (1652) 21 In his 
gie, Of Physique, and of this 



1477 NORTON Ord. Alch. i. 
Quadripartite made of Astrolog 
Arte of Alkimy, And also of 



, , 

y, And also of Magique natural!. 1559 W. 
CUNINGHAM Casmogr. Glasse 133 Ptolomaeus maketh men- 
tion of them in his quadripartite. 1823 J. M. ASKMAND ( 



QUADROHYDRATE. 

Ptolemy's Tetrabiblos or Quadripartite, being Four Hooks 
of the Influence of the Stars. 

Hence Quadripa rtitely adv., into four parts. 
Also ) Quadripa'rtite v. , to divide into four. 

155* HULOET, Quadripartitlye. 1656 W. D. tr. Cowtnhts' 
Gate Lat. Unl. 177 The year [is divided] quadripartitely into 
Spring, Summer, Autumn, Winter. 1709-39 V. MANDEY .><$/. 
Math., Arith-3 Division . . Its kinds are, Halving or Bipar- 
titing, . . Quadripartiting, &c. 

Quadripartition (.kwg^dripaati-Jan). Also 7 
quadru-. [ad. L. quadripartitio (Varro) : see prec. 
and PAKTITION.] Division into or by four. 

1650 FULLER Pisgah ii. viii. 3 The quadripartition of the 
Greek empire into four parts. 1690 LEYBOURN Curs. Math. 
144 The . . Rules . . of Logarithms, whereby . . the Square 
Root [is] extracted by Bipartition. .the Biquadrate Root by 
Quadrupartition, &c. 1886 Contemp. Rev. Oct. 528 This 
convenient quadri-partition of the month. 

Quadrireme (kwg'drirjm), a. and sb. [ad. L. 
quadrirlm-is, f. quadri- QDADKI- + remits oar.] 

A. adj. Of ancient ships : Having four banks of 
oars. 

1600 HOLLAND Livy xxxvil. xxiii. 957 Now of the Rho- 
dians there were 32 quadrireme Gallies and 4 other triremes 
besides. 1697 POTTER Antiq, Greece in. xiv. (1715) 134 
Trireme, quadrireme, and quinquereme Gallies, which ex- 
ceeded one another by a Bank of Oars. [Hence in Robinson 
ArchxoL Grxca iv. xiii. (1807) 387.) 

B. sb. A vessel having four banks of oars. 

ft 1656 USSHER Ann. (1658) 286 There were often sea rights 
. . between the Triremes, and the Quadriremes. 1656 in 
BLOUNT Glossogr. 1799 CHARNOCK in Naval Chron. I. 132 
Ancient galleys, called Triremes, Quadriremes, Quinqui- 
remes. 1853 GROTE Greece II. Ixxxii. (1856) X. 667 Dionysius 
or his naval architects now struck out the plan of building 
. . quadriremes or quinqueremes, instead of triremes. 

Quadrivial (kwgdri-vial), a. and sb. Forms : 
5 quadrivialle, -vail, 5-6 quatrivial, quadry- 
uyall(e, 7 quadruviall. [ad. med.L. quadrivialis; 
see QDADBTVIUM, and -AL. Cf. OF. quadruvial 
(Godef.).] 

A. adj. 1. Having four roads or ways meeting 
in a point. Of roads : Leading in four directions. 

a 1490 BOTONER /fin. (Nasmith 1778) 177 Wythynne the 
yate liii quadry vyalle weyes. a 1637^ B. JONSON To Intgo 
Marquis He [may] draw a forum with quadrivial streets. 
1863 THOREAU Excurs. (1863) 171 A trivial or quadrivial 
place. 1890 O. CRAWFURD Round the Calendar in Portugal 
303 Passing one day through the quadrivial square that 
lies beneath the clengos tower. 

1 2. Belonging to the QUADBIVIUM. Obs. 

c 1430 Pallad. on Hush. Proem 76 The philosophre . . thus 
prompt to profre Vche art quadriuial. 1481 BOTONER Tulle 
on Old Age (Caxton), Light sciences called trivals, as be 
grammar, logyk, and rethorik in comparison of the quadri. 
vail sciences, c 1495 The Epitaffe, etc. in Skellon's Wks. 
(1843) II. 390 Frendely him fostered quatriuial aliaunce. 

1 3. Quadrilateral. Obs. rare. 

1540 BOORDE The take for to Lernt Biii, Deuyde the 
lodgynges by the cyrcuyte of the quadryuyall courte. Ibid., 
If there be an vtter courte made, make it quadryuyall with 
howses of easementes. 

B. sb. f 1- A group of four. Obs. rare ~'. 
1432-50 tr. Higden (Rolls) I. 5 The triuialle of the vertues 

theologicalle and quadriuialle [L. quadrivium} of the car- 
dinalle vertues. 

2. //. The four sciences constituting the QUAD- 
BIVIUK. Now only Hist. 

1533 SKELTON Why not to Court 511 A poore maister of 
arte. .had lytell pane Of the quatriuials Nor yet of triuials. 
1577 HARRISON England IL Hi. (1877) I. 78 The quadriuials 
. . (I meane arethmetike, musike, geometric, and astronomic). 
a .1656 HALES Gold. Rein. (1688) 357 Tnvials and Quad- 
rivials as old clerks were wont to name them. 1716 M. 
DAVIES A then. Brit. 1 1. 92 Edward Seymour . . was educated 
in Trivial*, and partly in Quadrivials in Oxon. 1886 
BRODRICK Hist. Univ. Oxford 64 These seven sciences 
were no other than the old Trivial* and Quadrivials. 

Quadri vious (kwgdri-viss), a. rare. [cf. 
prec. and -ODS.] Going in four directions. 

1860 READE Cloister fy H. III. 34 Denys . . pretended to 
shoot them all dead : they fled quadrivious. shrieking. 

[| Quadrivium (kwgdri-vitfm). [L. (f. quadri- 
QUADBI- + via way), a place where four ways 
meet ; in late L., the four branches of mathema- 
tics (Boethius).] In the Middle Ages, the higher 
division of the seven liberal arts, comprising the 
mathematical sciences (arithmetic, geometry, astro- 
nomy, and music). 

1804 RANKIN Hist. France III. iv. 308 Arithmetic, music, 
geometry, and astronomy formed Quadrivium. 1843 MRS. 
BROWNING Grk. Chr. Poets (1863) 123 The trivium and 
quadrivium of the schools. 1873 LOWELL Dante Pr. Wks. 
1890 IV. 124 There can be no doubt that he went through 
the trivium.. and the quadrivium. .of the then ordinary 
university course. 

|| Quadro. Obs. rare~ l . [It. quadra, a square, 
a picture.] ? A square of tapestry. 

01711 KEN EdmundVtxI.. Wks. 1721 II. 273 Her Palace 
was with glorious Quadro's lin'd, Made by her Virgins, by 
herself design'd. 

Quadro-. A less correct form of QDADBI-. 

t Quadro-bulary, a. Obs. ran-'. A pp. = 
' fourfold ', with suggestion of TKIOBOLAB(Y a. 

1647 WARD Simp. CMer 48 There is a quadrobulary 
saying, which passes current in the Westerne World [etc. ]. 

f Quadrohydrate. Chem. Obs. A compound 
containing four times as much water as a simple 
hydrate. 



QUADROON. 

1825 T. THOMSON isf Trine, diem. II. 303 Berzelius con- 
siders it as a compound of 3 atoms carbonate of magnesia 
and of i atom of quadrohydrate. 

Quadron, a square : see QUADRAU sb. 

Quadroon (kwj>dr - n). Forms : a. 8 quar- 
teron, (y -oon\ quatron, 8-9 -erou, 9 -roon. 
8. 8 quaderoon, 9 quadroon, [ad. Sp. cuarteron 
(hence F. gtiarteron), f. cuarto fourth, quarter ; 
the mod. form may be due to assoc. with other 
words in qiiadr-.] 

1. a. One who is the offspring of a white person 
and a mulatto ; one who has a quarter of negro 
blood, b. rarely. One who is fourth in descent 
from a negro, one of the parents in each generation 
being white. 

In early Sp. use chiefly applied to the offspring of a white 
and a mestizo, or half-breed Indian. When it is used to 
denote one who is fourth in descent from a negro, the 
previous stage is called a terceron : see the transl. of Juan 
andtllloa's Voyage (1772) I. 30, and cf. QUINTROON. 

a. 1707 SLOANE Jamaica I. p. xlvi, The inhabitants of 
Jamaica are for the most part Europeans . . who are the 
Masters, and Indians, Negros, Mulatos, Alcatrazes, Mes- 
tises, Quarterons, &c. who are the Slaves. 1793 JEFFERSON 
Writ. (1859) IV. 98 Castaing is described as a small dark 
mulatto, and La Chaise as a Quateron. 1819 W. LAWRENCE 
Lect. Physiol. Zool. 295 Europeans and Tercerons produce 
Quarterons or Quadroons. 1837 CARLYLE Fr. Rev. II. v. 
iv, Your pale-white Creoles.. and your yellow Quarteroons. 
1840 R. H. DANA Bef. Mast xiii. 29 The least drop of Spanish 
blood, if it be only of quatroon or octoon. 

p. 1796 STEDMAN Surinam I. 296 The Samboe dark, and 
the Mulatto brown, The Msesti fair, the well-limbed Quade- 
roon. 1819 [see a]. 1833 MARRYAT P. Simple (1863) 228 
The progeny of a white and a negro is a mulatto, or half 
and half of a white and mulatto, a quadroon, or one quarter 
black. 1880 OUIDA Moths I. 178 That brute goes with a 
quadroon to a restaurant. 

Comb. 1860 O. W. HOLMES Elsie !'. xxi. (1891) 292 How 
could he ever come to fancy such a quadroon-looking thing 
as that? 

c. transf. Applied to the offspring resulting 
from similar admixture of blood in the case of 
other races, or from crossing in the case of animals 
or plants. 

1811 SOUTHEY in Q. Rev. VI. 346 Whether a man were 
a half-new Christian, or a quateron, or a half-quateron..the 
Hebrew leaven was in the blood. 1879 tr. De Quatrefages 
Hum. Spec. 72 Koelreuter artificially fertilised hybrid 
flowers .. and thus obtained a vegetable quadroon. 1892 
Daily News 17 June 5/3 The offspring of these crosses [of 
rabbits] did not in any instance produce a ' quadroon '. 

2. attrib. or as adj. Quadroon black, the off- 
spring of a pure negro and a quadroon (Syd. See. 
Lex. 1897). 

1748 Earthquake Pent iii. 240 Quatron Indians, born of 
Whites and Mestizos. Ibid., Quatron Negroes, born of 
Whites and Mulattos. 1796 STEDMAN Surinam I, vi. 126 
A young and beautiful Quadroon girl. Ibid. II. xviii. 56 
A female quaderoon slave. 1849 MACAULAY Hist. Eng. I. 
i. 14 A marriage between a white planter and a quadroon 
girl. 1893 F. C. SELOUS Trav. S. E. Africa 60 A pretty 
. . mulatto, or rather quadroon girl. 

Quadroxalate (kwgdrp'ksalit). Chcm. [f. 
QUADR(I)- + OXALATE.] A compound containing 
four equivalents of oxalic acid ; esp. quadroxalate 
of potash. 

1808 WOLLASTON in Phil. Trans. XCVIII. 101 The quad- 
roxalate as z and 2, or 2 particles potash with 4, acid. 1850 
DAUBENY Atom. The. iii. (ed. 2) 112 Binoxalate of potass is 
a compound of 2 of acid and of i of base ; quadroxalate of 
4 of the former to i of the latter. 1876 HARLEY Mat. Med. 
(ed. 6) 316 Quadroxalate of Potash, erroneously called ' Salt 
of Lemons '. 

Quadro'xide. Chem. [f. as prec. -f- OXIDE.] 
= TETROXIDE. 1860 WORCESTER cites Graham. 

Quadru- (kwg'dra), a variant of QUADRI-; in 
L. restricted to a few formations in which the 
second element begins with p, as quadrupes, 
quadruplex, quadruplus, and their derivatives. 
Apart from words based on these L. forms, mod. 
Eng. has quadru- only in quadrumanous etc. 
(after quadruped), but a few other examples are 
found in ifi-ijth c., as quadrucorn, a four- 
homed animal ; quadrulapse, a fourth lapse or 
fall ; quadrupart(ed) = QUADRIPARTITE a. Also 
quadru-pawed nonce-wd., having four paws. 

1575 SIR T. GRESHAM in Wills Doctors' Comm. (Camden) 
64 The said indenture quadrupartted dated the saide xxth 
day of Maie. 1600 W. WATSON Decacordon (1602) 203 The 
quadrupart monarchic began in Babylon vnder Nabucho- 
donosor. 1607 TOPSELL Four-f. Beasts (1658) 546 The 
Oryx.. which Aristotle and Pliny call a unicorn, Aelianus 
a quadrucorn. 1663 in Cramond Annals of 'Banff "(1893) II. 
43 Helen Morrison is ordained to appear . . in Sackcloth, it 
being a quadrulapse. 1685 Rec. Dingwall Presb. (Sc. Hist. 
Soc.) 357 [A] quadrulapse in fornication. 1828 STERLING 
Ess. etc. (1848) II. 35 A quadru-pawed monster. 

II Quadrumana (kwgdnJ-mana), sb. pi. Zool. 
[neut. pi. (sc. animdlia) of mod.L. quadrumanus 
four-handed, f. quadru- QUADRU- + manus hand. 
Cf. BIMANA.] An order of mammals, including 
monkeys, apes, baboons, and lemurs, of which the 
hind as well as the fore feet have an opposable 
digit, so that they can be used as hands. 

1819 W. LAWRENCF. Lect. Physiol. Zool. 175 The crania of 
all the quadrumana . . are distinguished from the human 
skull by the comparative size .. of the jaws. 1833 SIR C. 

VOL. VIII. 



rin.r. Hand (1834) 18 If we describe the hand as [etc.] . . we 
embrace in the definition the extremities of the quadrumana 
or monkeys. 1863 LYELL Antiq. Man xix. 375 Those 
species of the anthropoid quadrumana which are most akin 
to him [man] in structure. 1882 OWEN in Longm. Mag. I. 67 
This tooth . . is the last of the permanent set of teeth to be 
fully developed in the Quadrumana. 
Quadrumanal (kwgdr*-manal), a. [f. prec. 

+ -AL.] = QUADRUMANOUS. 

1871 Daily News 17 Mar., The habitation of our quadru- 
mana! relatives. 1882 OWEN in Longm. Mag. I. 67 The 
lowest . . variety of the Bimanal order differs from the 
Quadrumanalone in the order of appearance . .of the second 
or ' permanent ' set [of teeth]. 

Quadrumane (kwg'drMm.-'n), a. and sb. Also 
quadruman (-mcen). [a. F. quadrumane (Buffon) : 
see QUADRUMANA, and next.] 

A. adj. = QDADRUMANOUS. 

1835 KIRBY Hob. <5- Inst. Anim. II. xvii. 213 Cuvier's 
second Order of Mammalians, which he names Quadrumane 
or four-handed- 1864 Spectator No. 1875. 650 The lemurine 
and consequently quadrumane . . affinities of Chiromys. 
1867 H. BUSHNELL Moral Uses Dark Things 303 What 
now shall we say of these quadruman people ? 

B. s/>. One of the QUADRUMANA. 

1828 in WEBSTER. 1835 KIRBY Hab. $ Inst. Anim. I. ii. 71 
What Zoologists call the Quadrumanes, or Four-handed 
beasts. 1856 W. CLARK tr. Van der Hoeven's Zool. II. 605 
The Quadrumanes and Ruminants. 1882 OWEN in Longm. 
Mag. I. 66 Points of approximation in cranial and dental 
structure of the highest Quadrumane to the lowest Bimane. 

Also 



Quad 



anons (kwgdr/J'manas), a. 



8 quadri-. [f. mod.L. quadruman-us (see QUAD- 
RUMANA) + -ous.] Belonging to the order of 
QUADRUMANA ; fonr-handed. 

[1699 TYSON Orang-Out. 91 Our Pygmie is. .tho' a Biped, 
yet of the Quadrumanus-kind. Ibid. 94 The Orang-Outang 
. . being Quadrumanus, like the Ape-kind.] 1819 W. LAW- 
RENCE Led. Physiol. Zool. 128 All the simi.x, and the 
lemurs likewise, are quadrumanous. 1830 LYELL Princ. 
Geol. I. 152 Not a single bone of a quadrumanous animal 
has ever yet been discovered in a fossil state. 1860 EMER- 
SON Cond. Life, Fate Wks. (Bohn) II. 317 He betrays his 
relation to what is below him small-brained, fishy, quadru. 
manous quadruped. 1874 WOOD Nat. Hist. 2 The Quad- 
rumanous, or Four-handed animals, are familiarly known 
by the titles of Apes, Baboons, and Monkeys. 
b. Ape-like (in destructiveness). 

1790 BURKE Fr. Rev. Wks. V. 308 At this malicious game 
they display the whole of their quadrimanous activity. 

t Quadru -mvirate. Obs. rare. [ioi*quattuor- 
virate, on anal, of duum-, triumvirate^ A union 
of four men. So t Quadru'mvir, one of four men. 

1752 FIELDING Covent Card. Jrtil. 21 Mar., This quad- 
rumvirate. .called themselves 'The Wits'. 1790 Bystander 
38 A quadrumvirate appeared almost at the same time. 
Ibid., Taking a seat as a quadrumvir. 

[Quadrune : see List of Spurious Words^ 

Quadrupartite, -pertite, obs. variants of 
QUADRIPARTITE. 

Quadruped (kwo'drped), sb. (a.) Also 7-8 
-pede. [ad. L. quadrupes, -fed-is, four-footed, a 
four-footed beast, f. quadru- QUADRU- + pes foot.] 

1. An animal which has four feet. (Usually 
confined to mammals, and excluding four-footed 
reptiles.) 

1646 SIR T. BROWNE Pseud. Ep. 104 Quadrupedes, Vola- 
tills and Fishes.. have distinct and prominent organs of 
motion, legs, wings, and fins. 1664 POWER Exp. Philos. i. 
2 The knees or flexure of his fore legs forwards (as in 
most quadrupeds). 1728 MORGAN Algiers I. ii. 21 Quadru- 
pedes of the Serpentine Breed. 1774 GOLDSM. Nat. Hist. 
(1776) II. 105 The arms of men but very little resemble the 
fore feet of quadrupedes. 1833 J. RENNIE Alph. Angling 
25 In quadrupeds, the ear is nearly as large in the young 
as in the full grown animal. 1846 M^CULLOCH Ace. Brit. 
Empire (1854) I. 123 The fishes, upon which nearly all the 
aquatic quadrupeds almost entirely subsist. 

Comb. 1870 LUBBOCK Orig. Civiliz. vi. (1875) 258 If . . we 
compare . . serpent worship with quadruped-worship . . we 
shall find that it has no exceptionally wide area. 
b. Applied spec, to the horse : cf. QUAD j-M 

1660 BOND Scut. Reg. 7 Even I.. can hardly restrain the 
unbridled fierceness of the Quadrupedes. 1755 YOUNG 
Centaur vi. Wks. 1757 IV. 253 Others, with Swift, .look on 
the noble quadrupede as superior to the man. 1868 G. 
DUFF Pol. Sura. 220 The long straggling line of soldiers . . 
with their quadrupeds and baggage. 

2. attrib. or as adj. Four-footed. 

1741 WATTS Improv. Mind. i. xvi. 3 (i) The cockney, 
travelling into the country, is surprised at many actions of 
the quadruped and winged animals. 1784 COWI-ER Task 
vi. 622 Learn we might, if not too proud to stoop To 
quadruped instructors. 1834 CAUNTER Orient. Ann. vi. 65 
This herd of quadruped giants was only at a short distance 
from us. 1848 CARPENTER Anim. Phys. 68 The Mammalia 
are for the most part quadruped. 

b. Belonging to, connected with, or appropriate 
to four-footed animals. 

a 1835 M'CULLOCH Attributes (1843) II. 21 The Kangaroo 
labours under an invention which is an infringement upon 
the general simple and effectual one for quadruped motion. 
1847 EMERSON Repr. Men, Montaigne Wks. (Bohn) I. 346, 
I do not press the scepticism of the materialist. I know 
the quadruped opinion will not prevail. 

3. A verse of four feet. rare- 1 . 

1800 W. TAYLOR in Robberds Mem. I. 328 The French. . 
make no difference between an anapaestic quadruped and 
a six-foot iambic. 

Hence (or directly from stem of L. quadrupfs) 
Quadru-pedan, f Quadrupeded, 



QTTADRUPLE. 

dial, f-pe-dian, Quadrupe die, Qnadrupe dical 
adjs. = QUADRUPEDAL. Qua drupedism, the fact 
of being a quadruped. Quadru pedous a. nuadru- 
pedal (Bailey Vol. II, 1731). 

1806 Edin. Rev. IX. 37 The human character may under- 
go strange mutations from "quadrupedan sympathy. 1542 
BOORDE Dyctary xvi. (1870) 272 So great murren or syckenes 
to any "quadrypedyd beste. 1709 Brit. Apollo II. No. 64. 
2/2 Quadrupeded Brutes. 1700 MOXON Math. Diet. 136 
*QiiadrHpedial Signs. 1647 ^ff- Almanak for 1386, 74 
Aries, Taurus, Leo, Sagittarius, and Capricorn, are called 
bestial or *quadrupedian signes, having representation of 
four-footed creatures. 1888 Daily News 26 June 9/1 The 
episcopal bacon which, .roams, "quadrupedic, among the 
potato beds. 1824 DIBDIN Libr. Comp. 681 Devoured or 
mutilated by (apparently) some hungry "quadrupedical 
animal. 1834-43 SOUTHEY Doctor cxcix. (1862) 530 Among 
the Mahometans ajso, *quadrupedism is not considered an 
obstacle to a certain kind of canonisation. 

Quadrupedal (kwgdr/T-pMal), a. and sb. 
Also 7 quadrupedal!, [ad. late L. quadrupedalis 
(Bseda), f. quadrupes : see prec. and -AL. Cf. obs. 

F. quadrupedal (Godef.).] 

A. adj. 1. Of animals: Four-footed. Also 
transf. of things. 

1620 VENNER Via Recta iii. 54 It [veal] is of an excellent 
..nutriture. .exceeding all quadrupedal! creatures. 1715 
Hist. Reg. (1724) Chron. Diary 57 Even the Quadrupedal 
Animals were strangely terrify'd. 1821-5 BARHAM in Life 
ft Lett. I. ii. 80 According as he found them more or less 
intelligent than his quadrupedal companion. 1864-5 WOOD 
Homes without H. i. (1868) 6 Shafts through which the 
quadrupedal miner ejects the materials which it has scooped 
out. 1869 BROWNING Ringtf Bk. vin. 510 Beasts quadru- 
pedal, mammiferous, Do credit to their beasthood. 1881 
Harper's Mag. Oct. 696 Two forces riding quadrupedal stools. 

2. Of, belonging, or appropriate to, a quadruped. 

Quadrupedal signs, zodiacal signs named after quadrupeds 
(PHILLIPS 1696 ; cf. quadrupedian above, and BESTIAL i). 

1747 Gtutl. Maf.X\ll. 480 Worms of various kinds are 
bred in animal bodies, quadrupedal as well as human. 1850 
H. MILLER Footpr. Creat. viii. (1874) 149 The round liga- 
ment in the head of the quadrupedal thigh-bone. 1873 
LyeUs Princ. Geol. II. m. xxxiv. 261 The natural tendency 
in man to resume the quadrupedal state. 

t 3. ' Four foot long ' (Phillips 1678). 0/>s.> 
T B. sb. A quadruped. Obs. rare. 

1643 NETHERSOLE Parables reft, on Times 12 The Eagle, 
the King of Volatills,. .the Lyon, King of Quadrupedals. 
1660 HOWELL Parly of Beasts ir My blond..! confess to 
be the coldest of any Quadrupedals. 

Quadru pedant, a. and sb. rare. [ad. L. 
quadrupedans adj. and sb., f. quadrupes QUAD- 
RUPED.] a. adj. Quadrupedal, b. sb. A horse. 

1656 BLOUNT Glossogr., Quadrupedatit, . . that goeth on 
four feet. 1870 J. ORTON Andes ff Amazons iv. (1876) 79 
The huge nails which enter into the hoofs of the quadru- 
pedan ts. 

So f Quadrupedant v., to use the four feet. 
f Quadrupedate v., intr. to act as a quadruped ; 
trans, to convert into a quadruped. Quadruped- 
a'tion, stamping with the four feet. 

1792 Bar. Munchausens Trav. xxix. 130 At which, 
*quadrupedanting, plunged the steed. 1623 COCKERAM, 
*Quadrupedate, to goe on foure legs. 1629 T. ADAMS 
Englana's Sickness in Wks. 306 We were, .quadrupedated 
with an earthly, stooping, groueling couetousnesse. 1862 

G. MACDONALD D. Elginbrod in. xvi, A carriage and pair 
pulled sharply up at the door, with more than the usual 
amount of *quadrupedation. 

t Qnadruplate, . Obs. rare. Also 5 qua- 
triplate. [f. ppl. stem of L. quadruplare : see 
QUADRUPLE and -ATE 3.] To multiply by four. 

1486 Bk. St. Allans, Her. Evij, They be certan nobull 
men the wich bere theys tractis triplatit . . and sum bere 
hit quatriplatit. 1571 DIGGES Pantom. i. xi. D iij, Then 
quadruplate the distance. 1611 COTGR., Quadntpler . . to 
quadruplate, or make foure times as much. 1656 in BLOUNT 
Glossogr. 

So ) Quadruplate ///. a., quadruple. Obs. 

c 1470 HENRYSON Orph. f Eur. 228 Thair leirit he tonis. . 
As duplare, triplare, and .. the quadruplait. 

t Quadruplator. Obs. [a. L. quadruplator, 
(i) a public informer, (a) one who multiplies by 
four (see prec.). The exact origin of sense I is not 
certain, though there is probably some connexion 
with quadruplum a fourfold penalty.] a. A public 
informer, b. One who restores fourfold. 

1624 SANDERSON Serm. I. 109 Our prouling informers, like 
those old sycophants in Athens, or the quadruplators in 
Rome. Ibid. 114 Zacheus. .imposed upon himself, .a four- 
fold restitution. . . Here was a right quadruplator indeed ; and 
in the best sence. 1647 TRAPP Comm. Matt. viu. 32 A 
cunning fetch of an old quadruplator. 

So f Quadrnplation, multiplying by four. Ots. 

"5S7 RECORDE Whetst. Nnivb, That must be doen by 
that quadriplation as you taught before. 1658 in PHILLIPS. 

Quadruple (kwg-drp'l), a., sl>., and adv. Also 
6 quadriple, 8 quadruble. [a. F. quadruple 
(I3th c., OF. also quadruble~), ad. L. quadruplus, 
{. quadru- QUADRU- + -plus as in duplus DOUBLE. 
An earlier form in Eng. was QUATREBLE, q.v. 
The stressing quatiru-ple (see quots. 01745 and 
1820 in A) is usual in Sc.] 

A. adj. Fourfold ; consisting of four parts ; four 
times as great or as many as. Const, of, to, or 
without prep. 

S57 (see b). 1594 HOOKER Eccl. Pol. HI. x. 3 A law that 

2 



QUADRUPLE. 

..doth punish thieves with a quadruple restitution. 1628 
MEAD in Ellis Orig. Lett. Ser. i. III. 268 The quadruple 
strength which they have prepared against our fleet, a 1648 
Lr>. HERBERT Hen. Vlll (1683) 9 [A sum] quadruple to so 
much in this age. a 1745 SWIFT To George-Nim-Dan- 
Dean, Esq. (R.), How I joy to see thee wander.. In circling 
mazes, smooth and supple, And ending in a clink quadruple. 
1807 HUTTON Course Math. II. 269 To receive light and 
heat quadruple to that of the earth. 1810 KEATS Hyperion 
n 146 A quadruple wrath Unhinges the poor world. 1815 
MACAULAY Ess., Machiavelli (1887) 34 When the value of 
silver was more than quadruple of what it now is. 1884 
BOWER & SCOTT De Bary's Phaner. 4- Ferns 576 Single, 
triple, or quadruple concentric series of narrow elements. 
D. In various special applications. 

Quadruple algebra, algebra in which four independent 
units are used. Quadruple counterpoint, four-part counter- 
point in which the parts may be interchanged without 
breaking the rules of counterpoint. Quadruple pistole - 
sb. 2b. ^ Quadruple proportion quadruple ratio. Quati- 
ruple quaver, a hemidemisemiquaver. Quadruple ratio, the 
ratio of four to one. Quadruple rhythm, time, in Mus., 
rhythm or time having four beats in a measure. 

1557 RECORDE Whetst. Bjb, If it containe it .4. tymes, 



pistoles. i869OusELEYCo*/7>. xvii. 134 Triple and quad- 
ruple counterpoints . . consist of three or four melodies so 
interwoven that any of them may become a correct bass to 
the others. 1898 J. HAMMOND Let. 22 Dec., Hamilton's 
Quaternions is a quadruple algebra, the 4 independent 
units being his i, j, k, and the unit of quantity. 

O. Hist. Quadruple alliance, an alliance of four 
powers, esp. that of Britain, France, Germany and 
Holland in 1718, and of Britain, France, Spain 
and Portugal in 1834. 

1735 H. WALPOLE Corr. (1820) I. 3, I believe you will 
guess there is no quadruple alliance. 1815 JEFFERSON 
Autobiog. Wks. 1859 I. 76 She [France) secretly engaged, 
also, in negotiations with Russia, Austria, and Spain, to 
form a quadruple alliance. 1871 FREEMAN Gen. Sketch xv. 
8 2 (1874) 304 France, England, and the United Provinces 
presently joined the Emperor in the Quadruple Alliance 
against Spain. 

fig. ijgj BURNS Let. to Miss Chalmers 12 Dec., Misfor- 
tune, bodily constitution, hell, and myself, have formed 
a ' quadruple alliance ' to guarantee the other. 

d. Applied to printing-papers which are four 
times the usual size, as quadruple crotvn, -demy, 
-foolscap, etc. Cf. QUAD a. 

B. sb. 1. Anything fourfold ; a sum or quantity 
four times as great as another. 

1609 DOULAND Ornith. Micro!. 61 Now if we place these 
Triples . . in the vpper ranke we shall produce Quadruples. 
1640-1 Kirkcudbr. War-Comm. Min. Bk. (1855) 149 The 
quadruple of the pryce of the inch of the best sort of schoes. 
1811 J. FLINT Lett. Amer. 309, I believe, if he had laid 
them [the damages] at quadruple, the jury would have given 
him every cent. 

2. spec, f a. A tooth having a quadruple root. 
Obs. f b. A coin of the value of four pistoles 
(so in French; cf. A. b, quot. 1727). Obs. fc. 
A fourfold fine. Obs. d. A printing machine 
which prints four copies at once. 

1541 R. COPLAND Guydon's Quest. Chirurg., Two donales 
two quadruples .viij. molares and two cassalles. 1655 tr. 
Com. Hist. Francion xn. 20 See here his Quadruples which 
I never touched before. 1673 DRYDEN Amboyna n. i, No 
transitory Sum, three hundred Quadruples in your own 
Country Gold. 1681 Land. Gaz. No. 1784/4 A considerable 
Sum of Money was stolen, among which were several Quad- 
ruples, or Four-Pistol-Pieces. 1695 Sc. Acts Will. Ill, c. 55 
(1822) IX. 453/1 Incurring the Quadruples appoynted by the 
said Act by way of penalty. 1690 W. J. GORDON Foundry 
203 It was Mr. Lloyd who had the first of these new Quad- 
ruples at work on a London daily newspaper. 

C. adv. in Comb. In a fourfold manner. 

1840 DICKENS Barn. Rudge xli. Places of distrust and 
cruelty, and restraint, they would have left quadruple- 
locked for ever. 1884 Health Exhib. Catal. 62/1 Blunders 
Patent Duplex (quadruple acting) portable Fire Engines. 

Quadruple (kwg-drap'l), v. Also 6 quad- 
riple, 7 -ruble. [ad. F. quadrupler (1404) or 
L. quadrupl-are, f. quadrupl-us : see prec.] 

1. trans. To make four times as great or as 
many as before ; to multiply by four. 

'375 BARBOUR Bruce xvm. 30 He suld fecht that day, 
Thouch Tryplit or quadruplit war thai. 1557 RECORDE 
Whetst. Fiij, Therfore I doe quadriple .195. and it maketh 
.780. c 1611 CHAPMAN Iliad i. 129 Yet we all, all losse thou 
suffers! thus, Will treble ; quadruple in gaine. 1641 HOWELL 
For. Trav. (Arb.) 87 Double the howers above twelve in 
the longest solstitial! day, and the product will shew the 
climat, quadruble them 'twill shew the parallel!. 1792 A. 
YOUNG Trav. France 439, I am confident . .that the mass of 
human wretchedness is quadrupled by their influence. 1882 
PEBODY Eng. Journalism xxiii. 178 The Press, by reporting 
the speeches of these men, quadrupled their power in 
Parliament. 1883 Stubos' Mercantile Circular^ Nov. 982/2 
The import of raw cotton, .has more than quadrupled itself 
in two years. 

2. To amount to four times as many as. 

1831 LEWIS Use f, Ab. Pol. Terms xi. 92 The number of 
females . . probably more than quadrupled that of the male 
governors. 

3. intr. (for refl.*) To grow to four times the 
former number, amount, or size. 

1776 ADAM SMITH W. N. n. ii. (1869) I. 296 The trade of 
Scotland has more than quadrupled since the first erection 
of the two publick banks at Scotland. 1833 HT. MARTINEAU 
Cinnamon % Pearls v. 97 The exports .Thave quadrupled 
since the relaxation of the monopoly. 1881 PEBOUY Eng. 



10 

Journalism xix. 145 Mr. Levy reduced the price of the 
paper. . .The circulation doubled, trebled, quadrupled. 

Hence Qua-drupled ///. a. = QUADRUPLE a. 

1607 TOPSELL Four-f. Beasts (1658) 99 The Harts of 
Briletum and Ibarne, have their reins quadrupled or four- 
fold. 1865 MANSFIELD Salts 465 A quadrupled salt with 
a single molecule of adjunct. 

Quadruplet (kwg-drwplet). [f. QUADRUPLE 
+ -ET ; after triplet^ 

1. //. Four children born at a birth. 

1787 GARTHSHORE in Phil. Trans. LXXVII. 355 These 
are the only cases of quadruplets . . he had ever heard of as 
born in Scotland. 1836-9 TODD Cycl. Anat. II. 736/1 An 
instance of quadruplets consisting of three boys and a girl. 
1898 Daily News 15 Apr. 5/2 Hufler ventured on the asser- 
tion, .that quadruplets were born once in 20,000 cases. 

2. Any combination of four things or parts 
united or working together, esp. four combined 
springs (Knight Diet, Meek. Suppl.). 

1851 DE MORGAN in Grave* Life Hamilton (1889) III. 338 
We have then an harmonic quadruplet and sextuple!, and 
we might have octuplets, &c. 

3. A bicycle for four riders. Cf. QUAD**. 3 Also 
attrib. 

1895 Daily News 27 July 5/3 Professional riders on tan- 
dems, triplets, and quadruplets. 1897 Whitaker's Aim. 
641/2 A quadruplet team covered a flying quarter in 25.2 sees. 

Quadruplet (kwo'drwpleks), a. and sb. [a. 
L. quadruplex fourfold, f. QUADBU- + flic-, to 
fold.] 

A. adj. 1. Electric Telegraphy. Applied to a 
system by which four messages can be sent over 
one wire at the same time. 

1875 KNIGHT Diet. Meek. 1842/1 Quadruplex Ttlegraph. 
1879 G. PRESCOTT Sp. Telephone p. iii, In 1874 Edison 
invented a quadruplex system for tne simultaneous trans- 
mission of four communications over the same conductor. 
1881 LUBBOCK Pres. Addr.Brit.Assoc. in Nature No. 618. 
411 Duplex and quadruplex telegraphy, one of the most 
striking achievements of modern telegraphy. 

2. Engineering. Applied to an engine in which 
the expansion of the steam is used four times in 
cylinders of increasing diameter. 

1896 Westm. Gaz. 8 May 10/2 A steamer, fitted with five- 
crank quadruplex engines. 

B. sb. A telegraphic instrument by means of 
which four simultaneous messages can be sent over 
the same wire. 

Hence Qua'drnplez v., to make (a telegraph 
circuit, etc.) quadruplex. Cf. QUAD v. 

1887 Brit. Merc. Gaz. 15 June 43/2 The multiplication of 
wires soon attracted attention to methods of duplexing and 
quadruplexing the circuits. 1889 Times (weekly ed.) 
29 Mar. 5/2 If the line is already duplexed . .the addition of 
the phonophore will quadruplex it. 

Quadruplicate (kwpdrw'plik/t), a. and sb. 
[ad. L. quadruplicat-us, pa. pple. of quadrupli- 
care to quadruple, f. quadruplex : see prec.] 

A. adj. 1. Fourfold; four times repeated. 
Quadruplicate proportion, ratio, the proportion or 
ratio of fourth powers in relation to that of the 
radical quantities. 

1657 HOBBES Absurd Geom. Wks. 1845 VII. 378 An infinite 



from their gravity only, increase in the quadruplicate ratio 
of their lengths. 1816 PLAYFAIR Nat. Phil. II. 169 The 
same [probability] is increased in a quadruplicate_ratio, from 
considering the phenomena of all these four superior planets. 

2. Forming four exactly corresponding copies. 

1807 PIKE Sources Mississ. in. App. (1810) 72, I have 
directed the formula for you to sign of four corresponding 
quadruplicate receipts. 

B. sb. L In quadruplicate: In four exactly 
corresponding copies or transcripts. 

1790 W. HASTINGS Let. to Boswell 2 Dec. in B.'s Johnson 
an. 1781 Of these [letters], one which was written in quadru- 
plicate . . has already been made publick. 1900 Rules 
(25 Oct.) under Money-Lenders Act vi, The order shall be 
signed in quadruplicate by the permanent Secretary. 

fig. 1886 KIPLING Defartm. Ditties, etc. (1899) 47 Four 
times Cupid's debtor I Bankrupt in quadruplicate. 

2. //. Four things exactly alike ; esp. four exactly 
corresponding copies of a document. 

1883 SIR C. S. C. BOWEN in Law Rep. Ji Q. Bench Div. 
342 The . . conveniences which merchants . . believed to be 
afforded by the system of triplicates or quadruplicates. 

Quadruplicate (kwdr'plik^t), v. [f. ppl. 

stem of L. quadruplicdre : see prec.] 

1. trans. To multiply by four ; to make four times 
as many or as great ; to quadruple. 

1661 in BLOUNT Glossogr. (ed. 2). 1674 jEAKEXn'M. (1606) 
56 Or else duplicate, .. quadruplicate, &c. the Fraction 
according to the given Integer. 1694 SALMON Bate's Dis. 
fens. (1713) 327/2 Sometimes the Proportion is to be quad- 
ruplicated. 1861 Under the Spell ill. 220 Prices 'were 
" quadruplicated ' ',' the demand for places being great. 1888 
G. W. CABLE in Amer. Missionary Apr. 90 If you knew the 
national value of this work, . . you would quadruplicate it 
before the year is out. 

2. To make or provide in quadruplicate ; to 
provide four (things) exactly alike. 

1879 G. MEREDITH Egoist III. iii. 64 We are in danger of 
duplicating and triplicating and quadruplicating [wedding 
presents]. 

Hence Quadruplicating vbl. sb. (Ash Suppl. 

1775)- 



QTJJERE. 

Quadruplication (kwgdr:plik?-Jan). [ad. 
L. qnadruplicatiffn-em, n. of action from quadru- 
plicare to make fourfold : see prec.] 

1. The action or process of making fourfold, of 
multiplying by four; also, the result of this; a 
thing folded four times. 

1578 BANISTER Hist. Man \. 78 It [the vein] is admitted 
into the quadruplication of Dura mater. 1611 COTGR. , Quad- 
ruplication, a quadruplication. 1616 in BULLOKAR Eng: 
Expos. [Hence in COCKERAM, BLOUNT, etc.] 1674 JEAKE 
Arith. (1696) 24 Quadruplication .. is to double the Dupli- 
cation. 1839 ALISON Europe (1849-50) VII. xli. 15. 19 
Twenty-eignt years ; the well-known period of the quadru- 
plication of the Sum at compound interest of five per cent. 

2. Civil and Canon Law. A pleading on the 
part of the defendant, corresponding to the rebut- 
ter at common law. Cf. QUADRUPLY sb. 

1651 W. G. tr. Cowers Inst. 243 After a Triplication 
[follows] a Quadruplication. 1796 AYLIFFE Parergon 251 
Quad[r)uplications, which the Defendant propounds to the 
Plaintiffs Triplications. 

Quadru'plicature. [f. QUADRUPLICATE v. 
+ -UBE.] = prec., sense I. 1891 in Cent. Diet. 

Quadruplicity (kwodrpH-siti). [ad. L. 
quadrupliatas, n. of quality f. quadruplex : see 
QUADRUPLEX and -ITT.] Fourfold nature; the 
condition of being fourfold, or of forming a set 
of four. 

ci59o GREENE Fr. Bacon ix. 31 The quadruplicity Of 
elemental essence. 1593 NORDEN Spec. Brit., M'sex i. 44 
King Canutus the Dane,, .in regard of his quadruplicitie of 
kingdomes, esteemed himsetfe more then a man mortal). 
1664 POWER Exp. Philos. 37 Dr. Brown . . hath ranked this 
conceit of the eyes of a snail (and especially their quadru- 
plicity) amongst the vulgar errors. 85 S. T. COLERIDGE 
Aids Reflect. App. C. (1858) I. 395 The universal quadrupli- 
city, or four elemental forms of power. 1890 J. H. STIRLING 
Clifford Lect. iii. 41 The origin of the term (final causes] lies 
in the Aristotelian quadruplicity of causes as such. 

t Quadruplify, v. Obs. rare~*. [f. L. quad- 
ruplus QUADRUPLE + -(I)PY.] = QUADRUPLE v. 

1578 BANISTER Hist. Man vin. 99 In the hynder part of 
the nead these Membranes are Quadruplified. 

Quadrupling (kwg diupttry) , vbl. sb. [f. QUAD- 
RUPLE v. + -ING J. J The action of the vb. 

1694 Phil. Trans. XVIII. 70 The doubling, trebling, 
quadrupling, &c. of Rations is performed by squaring, 
cubing, biquadrating, &c. of the terms. 1885 Pall Mall G. 
27 Mar. i/i Supplemented, say, by the quadrupling of our 
field artillery. 

tQua'druply, sb. Sc. Lam. Obs. rare. [ad. 
obs. F. quadruplique (i6th c. in Littre Suppl.} ; cf. 

DUPLY.1 = QUADHUFLICATION J. 

1695 Sc. Acts Will. Ill, c. 6 (1822) IX. 365/2 The Clerks 
writing of the Defences, Duplyes, Triplyes, Quadruplyes, 
and so furth for the defender and pursuer. 176* (title) Quad- 
ruplies for . . R. Graham . . J. Bakie [etc.] to the triplies for 
P. Honeymoon [etc.], Feb. 10. 1810 [see DUPLY b). 

Quadruply (kwo-drwpli), adv. [f. QUADRUPLE 
a. + -LY 2.J Four times ; in a fourfold degree or 
manner. 

1716 SWIFT Gulliver t. vi, The innocent person is quadruply 
recompensed . . for the danger he underwent. 1793 1 . 
TAVLOR Orat. Julian p. Ixvi, Thy orb quadruply intersects 
these worlds. 1857 GEO. ELIOT Ea. (1884) 4 The poet's 
[Young's] father was quadruply clerical, being at onct 
rector, prebendary, court chaplain, and dean. 

Quadruviall, obs. form of QUADRIVIAL. 

Quadrypedyd : see after QUADRUPED. 

Quadundrum, obs. variant of CONUNDRUM. 

II Quae'dam. Obs. rare. [L., fern. sing, and pi. 
of quidam some one, QUIDAM.] A woman, female 
(in disparaging sense). Also as//. 

01670 HACKET Abp. Williams i. (1692) 35 Vain attire, 
wherein wanton Quit-Jams in those days came to . . excess. 
Ibid. n. 128 He. .settles in Bugden-House for three Summers 
with a Seraglia of Quzdam. 

Quaem, obs. form of QUALM sb. 

Quaer, obs. form of QUIRE sb., WHERE adv. 

II Quaere (kwiT), v. imper. and sb. Also 6-9 
quere, (7 queer, quire). [L., imper. of quxrfre 
(med.L. querere} to ask, inquire. Now usually 
in anglicized form, QUERY.] 

1. v. imper. Introducing a question or subject 
of inquiry : Ask, inquire ; hence, ' one may ask ', 
' it is a question ' (whether, etc.). 

1535 tr. Littleton's Nat. Brev. i8b (Stanf.) Quere the 
dyuersite. 1348 STAUNFORD Kinges Prerog. (1567) 54 b, 
But quere whether his highnes may bee brought in posses- 
sion in those cases by a clayme or not. 1601 CAREW Corn- 
wall 135 Notwithstanding, quajre, whether a causlesse 
ambition .. turned not rather Golunt into Gallant. 1705 
HEARNE Collect. 17 Dec. (O. H. S.) I. 131 Quaere more 
about this. 1774 J. ADAMS in Fam. Lett. (1876) 3 David 
SewalL.has no ambition nor avarice, they say (however, 
quaere). 1813 J. BADCOCK Dom. Atnustm. 52 Quere, 
whether the natural influence of light and heat occasions 
this apparent coincidence. 1860 O'DONOVAN Three Fragm. 
126 Quaere, is Conung an Hibernicized form of the Teutonic 
. . koenuiig, king ? 

2. sb. A question, QUERY. 

1589 WARNER Alb. Eng. vi. xxx. (1612) 150 Thy bad doth 
passe by probate, but a Quere is for mee. 1*19 H. HUTTON 
Follies Anat. (Percy Soc.) 54 It would be thought a quzre 
at the beste. 1646 SIR T. BROWNE Pseud. Ep. 282 The 
greater Quere is, when he will come again, and yet indeed 
it is no Quere at all. 1736 SWIFT Let. to Pope 25 Mar., 
I wondered a little at your quaere who Cheselden wast 



QUAERE. 



quaere, .as to the reason for the tender of the demy-mark. 

Hence f Quaere, quere v. y to query. Obs. 

1627 W. SCLATER Exp. 2 T/iess. (1629) 131 It might be 
qusered. 1663 Aron-Ci)nn. 101 He quseres what it is that 
renders a people blessed. 1681 T. FLATMAN Heraclitns 
Ridcns No. 23 (1713) 1. 153 Nay, let 'em consider of it ; and 
let us Quere about the matter. 1756 H. WALPOLE Corr. 
(1837) III. 137 Should not one quere whether he had not 
those proofs in his hands antecedent to the cabinet? 

Queeree, -rie, Quaerent, obs. ff. QUERY, 

QUKRENT. 

f Quee-ritate, v. Obs. rare- 1 , [f. ppl. stem 
of L. qwnritare, freq. of qiUKrcrc to ask, inquire.] 
trans. To inquire or search into. 

1657 TOMLINSON Renous Disp. 387 Apothecaryes quaeri- 
tate its Medicinal! use, which Mithndates knew. 

Quaery, obs. form of QUERY. 

t Qusesite, anglicized f. QU^ESITUM. Obs. rare- 1 . 

1655 OUGHTRED in Rigaud Corr. Sci. Men (1841) I. 83 
Your fourth quasite is, why the equation whereby it is 
solved is the very same in both? 

II Qucesituni (kwfssi'tom). PI. qusesita. [L., 
neut. sing, ofguxstt-us, pa. pple. offtusrfrt to seek : 
see QUESITED.J That which is sought for ; an 
object of search ; the answer to a problem. 

1748 HARTLEY Observ. fifan i. Introd., So as to proceed 
intirely from the Data to the Quaesita, from things known 
to such as are unknown. 1830 HERSCHEL Stud. Nat. Phil. 
n. vL (1851) 176 A series of careful and exact measures m 
every different state of the datum and quaesitum. 1864 
BOWEN Logic viii. 229 In the Analytic order the Conclusion 
would be more properly called the Quaesitum. 

Quaestor (kw/'st/a). Rom. Antiq. Also 4-7 
questor. [a. L. quxstor^ agent-n. from quxrere to 
seek, inquire.] a. One of a number of Roman 
officials who had charge of the public revenue and 
expenditure, acting as treasurers of state, pay- 
masters of the troops, etc. b. In early times : A 
public prosecutor in certain criminal cases. 

1387 TREVISA Higden (Rolls) IV. 49 Caton be questor 
brou^te hym [Ennius] to Rome. Questor is he pat gadre)> 
tribut to Rome, and be domesman was somtyme i-cleped 
questor. 1577 HELLOWES Gueitara's Chron. 80 Adrian 
was made Questor, that is to say, he had charge to prouide 
victuals and furniture for the campe. 1641 'SMECTYMNUUS' 
Answ. 12 (1653) 45 Tiberius granted a Questors dignitie 
unto a Bishop for his eloquence. 1781 GIBBON Decl. $ f. 
xvii. II, 53 In the course of nine centuries, the office of 
quzstor had experienced a very singular revolution. 1838 
ARNOLD Hist. Rome I. 339 The two quststors who judged 
in cases of blood, were also chosen from the patricians. 

transf. and fig. 1850 S. DOBELL The Roman v. Poet. 
Wks. (1875) 63, I, her [Pity's] quaestor, Claim tribute from 
you. A few tears will pay it. 1863 TREVELYAN Conine f. 
Wallah (1866) 124 Our modern quaestors are every whit as 
grasping and venal as the satellites of Verres and Dolabella. 

QufiBstor, variant of QUESTOR sb 

Quaestorial (kwfst6>rial), a. [f. L. gusts- 
tori-us + -AL.] Of or pertaining to a quaestor or 
his position in the state. 

>86a MERIVALE Rom. Emp. \. (1865) VI. 197 Narcissus 
had received the quaestorial ornaments as the reward of his 
services. 1868 FARRAR Seekers i. v. (1875) 67 Men of con- 
sular and quaestorial parentage. 

So f Qusesto'rian a. Obs. rare* 1 . 

a 1641 Bp. MOUNTACU Acts fy Mon. (1642) 335 Consular, 
Praetorian, Questorian or Equestrian officers. 

Qnaestorship (kwrst^ijip). [f. 
-SHIP.] The office of quaestor. 

1570 LEVINS Manip. 141/5 Y Questorship, gnx&tnra. 
1581 SAVILE Tacitus, Agricola (1622) 186 After his Questor- 
ship till he [Agricola] was created Tribune of the people. 
4:1050 DENHAM Of Old Age 94, I, five years after, at 
Tarentum wan The Quaestorship. 1834 LYTTON Pompeii \, 
iv. Your petty thirst for fasces and qusestorships. 1871 
SEELEY Livy i. Introd. 90 Of all the great magistracies, 
the quaestorship was the lowest in dignity. 

So f Qms'story (in 6 questorie). Obs. rare" 1 . 

'533 BELLENDEN Livy iv. (1822) 382 The small pepill had 
sic victorie, that thay belevit the questorie nocht to be the 
end of this honoure. 

Qusestuary (kwrsti#,ari), a. and sb. Also 
7 quest-, [aa. L. qu&stua) f i-us> f. qti&stus gain : 
see -ABY. Cf. obs. F. questuaire (Godef.).] 

A. adj. Connected or concerned with gain ; 
money-making. 

1594 R. ASHLEY tr. Loys le Roy 125 If they be poore, they 
applie themselues to questuarie, or gainfull arts ; whereby 
to haue meanes to Hue. 1646 SIR T. BROWNE Pseud. Ep. 
137 Although lapidaries, and questuary enquirers affirme 
it, yet the Writers of Mineralls. .are of another beliefe. 
1694 R. L'EsTKANGE^ViWw 454 The Lawyers, the Divines, 
and all quaestuary professions, a 1864 FKRRIER Grk. Philos. 
(1866) I. ,\ii. 352 This.. may be termed the quajstuary 
class,, .this being the end which they aim at. 

t B. sb. One who seeks for gain ; spec. =* QUES- 
TOR sb. i. Obs. 

1614 BP. HALL No Peace with Rome 12 Not giuen by 
the popes, but lewdly deuised by some of his base questu- 
aries for an aduantage. 1664 JER. TAYLOR Dissitas. Popery 
ii. ^ person and Dominicus a Soto are asham'd of thesu 
prodigious indulgences, and suppose that the Pope's Quses- 
tuaries onely did procure them. 

tQuaesture. Obs. rare~ l . In 7 questure. 
[ad. L. qttxstilra.] = QU^ESTORSHIP. 

l &73 S. C. Art of Complaisance <& A great many Noble 
persons who stood in competition for the Questure. 



11 

I Quafer, v. Obs. rare~ l . [Onomatopoeic.] 
(See quot.). 
1693 CLAYTON in Phil. Trans. XVII. 990 A Duck has 

larger Nerves that come into their Bills than Geese or any 
other Bird that I have seen and therefore quafer and grope 
out their Meat the most. [Copied as guaffer by Derham 
PliysicthTheoL iv. xi. 192, and Bell On the Hand 150.] 

Quaff (Jcwaf), sb. [f. QUAFF v.] An act of 
quaffing, or the liquor quaffed ; a deep draught. 

1579 TOMSON Calvin* $ Serin. Tint. 512/2 They thinke that 
a sermon costeth no more then a quaffe wil them. 1594 
GREENE & LODGE Looking Gl. G.'s Wks. (Rtldg.) 141 Now 
Alvida begins her quaff, And drinks a full carouse unto her 
King. 1617-77 FELTHAM Resolves i. Ixxxiv. 129 Proteas 
gaue him a quaff of two gallons. 1889 G. GISSING Nether 
World I. v. 97 Each guest having taken a quaff of ale. 

Quaff (kwuf), v. Also 6 quaft, quaf, 6-7 
quaffe. [Of obscure origin j prob. onomatopoeic 
(cf. QUAFER and QUASS v.). 

The date and history of the word are against any connec- 
tion with quaff^ var. of QUAICH, which has been suggested as 
the source. (Vigfusson's ON. kveyfa 'to quaff' is an error, 
the correct form being kneyfa} The precise relationship 
of the earliest form qnaft to Palsgrave's QUAUGHT and Sc. 
WAUCHT is obscure.] 

1. intr. To drink deeply; to take a long draught; 
also, to drink repeatedly in this manner. Const. 
' 



1529 MORE Sufpl. Soulys Wks. 331/2 The dregges of olde 
poysoned heresies in whiche they fell a quafting with the 
deuill. 1547 BOORDE Introd. Knowl. ix. (1870) 149 In 
Holand, .many of the men.. wyll quaf tyl they ben dronk. 
1577 RHODES Bk. Nurture in Babees Bk. 77 Eate softly, 
ana drinke manerly, take heede you doe not quaffe. 1628 
PRYNNE Cens. Cozens 47 Poyson must alwayes be ad- 
ministred in golden Chalhces, else none wille quaffe. 1645 
QUARLES Sol. Recant, iii. 35 To day we feast, and quaffe in 
frolique Bowles ; To morrow fast. 1757 SMOLLETT Reprisal 
ii. xv, We laugh, and we quaff, and we banter. 1830 
LYTTON P. Clifford iv, She had that day quaffed more 
copiously of the bowl than usual. 1876 BROWNING Epilogue 
to Pacchiarotto, Have faith, give thanks, but quaff. 

2. trans. To drink (liquor) copiously or in a 
large draught. 

1555-8 PHAER JEneid ill. G iv, Wyne in plenty great they 
quaff. 1648 HERRICK Hesper., Lyrick to Mirth^ Let us sit 
and quaffe our wine. 1768 BEATTIE Minstr. \. xliv, Merry 
swains, who quaff the nut-brown ale. i8zo W. IRVING 
Sketch Bk. I. 74 They quaffed the liquor in profound 
silence. 1878 Masque Poets 31 Now with back-flung head 
she quaffs The odorous white Mareotic wine. 
fig' *6i3 HEYWOOD Braz. Age ^ Wks. 1874 III. 216 Tie 
rather at some banquet poyson htm, And quaffe to him his 
death. 1674 MILTON P. L. v. 638 (ed. 2) They drink, and in 
communion sweet Quaff imtnortalitie and joy. 1820 LANDOR 
Heroic Idylls^ Thrasymedes fy Eunoe 38 Let my lips quaff 
purity From thy fair open brow. 

b. With advbs. as down, off, out, roitnd, up. 
(Cf. DRINK v.) 

1596 SHAKS. Tarn. Shr. HI. ii. 174 Hee calls for wine.. 
quaft off the Muscadell. 1633 P. FLETCHER Purple Isl. I. 
xxvii, Oh let them in their gold quaffe dropsies down. 
1635-56 COWLEY Davideis n. 593 In helmets they quaff 
round the welcome flood. 

3. To drain (a cup, etc.) in a copious draught 
or draughts. Also with off, ottt, up. 

15*3 [CovERDALEj Old God $ Ntw (1534) O iij, To quaft of 
two Cannes or tankardes of wine. i6o7J)EKKER WV*. Babylon 
Wks. 1873 II. 198, I quaffe full bowles of strong enchanting 
wines. 1633 BP. HALL Occas. Medit. (1851) 152 Why do not 
I . . quaff up that bitter cup of affliction. 1748 THOMSON 
Cast. Indol. viii, As one who quaffs Some potent wine-cup. 
1831 SCOTT Cast. Dang, vii, Your cup, filled with right good 
wine, I have just now quaffed off. 1868 FITZGERALD tr. 
Omar xliii. (1899) 98 And proffering his Cup, invites your 
Soul Forth to your Lips to quaff it. 

4. To drive away, to bring down to or into (a 
certain state), by copious drinking, rare. 

1714 Love's Relief m Steele's Poet. Misc. 42 Be brisk and 
gay, And quaff this sneaking Form away. 1821 BYRON 
Sardan. \. ii. 442 When. .1 have quaff'd me down to their 
abasement. _ 1847 J. WILSON Chr. North (1857) I. 147 The 
room in which he quaffs, guzzles, and smokes himself into 
stupidity. 

Quaff, obs. var. QUAICH ; see also QUAYF(E. 

Quaffer (kwcrfai), sb. [f. QUAFF v. -f -ER 1 .] 
One that quaffs or drinks deeply. 

1520 WHITINTON Vulg. (1527) 13 b, He is a quaffer namely 
of swete wyne. 1579 G. HARVEY Letter-bk, (Camden) 82 
A company of honest good fellowes, and reasnable honeste 
quarters. <r 1624 BP. M. SMITH Serm. (1632) 278 What 
a grief it was to Novellus Torquatus .. that his sonne was 
such a quaffer. x8aa Blackiv. Mag. XI. 346 Pouring it out 
and calling so lustily for quaffers. 

Quaffer, v. : see QUAFER. 

Quaffing (kw<rfirj), vol. sb. [f. QUAFF v. + 
ING 1 ,] Tne action of the vb. ; copious drinking. 

1532 MORE Confut. Tindale Wks. 687/2 By bibbing, 
sipping, & quaffing. 1579 GOSSON Sch. Abuse (Arb.) 34 We 
haue robbed Greece of Gjuttonie .. and Dutchland of 
quaffing. 1664 MRQ. WORC. in Dircks Life xviii. (1865) 325 
Frivolous discourse tending to quarrels and quaffing. 1812 
COMBE Dr. Syntax, Picturesque Tour xn, The Doctor 
talk'd nor ceased his quaffing. 1830 M. DONOVAN Doin. 
Econ. I. 39 The unr emit ted quaffing of wine. 

atirib. 1587 TURBEKV. Trag. T. (1837) 144 A quaffing 
cup, Wherein he tooke delight To bouse at boorde. (11638 
MI.UE ll'fcs. (1672) 123 Causing the Vessels of God's House 
to be made his Quaffing-bowls. 1701 C. WOLLKY .?>/. 
Wew York (1860) 35 Their quaffing liquors are Rum-Punch 
and Brandy-punch. 

Quaffing 1 (kwa'tirj), ///. a. [f. as prec. + 
-Ufa -.] That quaffs. Hence Qua'ffiugly adv. 



QUAGGY. 

a 1693 MOTTEUX Rabelais in. xxxL 255 The Lubbardly 
quaffing Monks. 1843 Taifs Mag. X. 275 At evening 
empty a bottle or two, Quaffingly, quaffingly. 

f Quaff-tide. Obs. The season for drinking. 

1582 STANYHURST^J iv. (Arb.) 105 Bacchus third yeers 
feasting, when quaftyde aproacheth. 

f Qua-ffy, a. Obs. Of the nature of quaffing. 

1582 STANVHURST sEneis i. (Arb.) 24 Theyre panch with 
venison they franck and quaffye carousing. 

Quaft, obs. variant of QUAFF v. 

Quag (kwreg), sb. Also 6, 8 quage, 7quagg(e. 
[Related to QUAG v. ; cf. QUAB, QUAW, and see 
QUAGMIRE.] A marshy or boggy spot, esp. one 
covered with a layer of turf which shakes or yields 
when walked on. 

1589 IvvFortif. 16 Where you finde quicke sands, quages, 
and such like. 1657 HOWELL Londinop. 342 MoorfieTds, 
which in former times, was but a fenny quagge, or moore. 
a 1677 BARROW Serm. Wks. 1716 III. 143 Tne latter walk 
upon a bottomless Quag into which unawares they may 
slump. 1784 COWPKR Tiroc. 253 We keep the road, Crooked 
or straight, through quags or thorny dells. 1883 BESANT 
All in. a Garden fair \. ii. (1885) 10 There are pools in the 
forest, .there are marshy places and quags. 

fig. 1888 Ch. Times 27 Jan. 68/3 All who are trying to 
find a way out of the Vatican quag, without turning 
Protestants. 

b. attrib.xn&Comb.^qitag-brain^kind, -water. 

1719 D'URFEY Pills (1872) II. 244 Tho* Law and Justice 
were of slender growth Within his quag Brain. 177* WALKER 
in Phil. Trans. LXII. 124 It was mostly of the quag kind, 
which is a sort of moss covered at top with a turf of heath 
and coarse aquatic grasses, a 1870 D. G. ROSSETTI Poems 
(1870) 252, I . . fouled my feet m quag-water. 

Quag (kwseg), z/. 1 Obs. exc. dial. [Onomato- 
poeic : cf. wag, swag. Some dialects have also 
quaggie corresp. to waggle.] intr. To shake ; 
said of something soft or flabby. 

1611 COTGR., Brimbaltr, . . to shake, swag, or quag, as a 
great dug, or th' vnsound flesh of a foggie person. 16x6-61 
HOLYDAY Persius 337 That To him a strutting panch may 
quagge with fat. 16*3 tr. Fa-vine's Theat. Hon. v. i. 35 
The earth being uncertaine and quagging. 1881 BLACK- 
MORE Christowell xlviii, Many a poor head will ache, and 
many a poor belly quag, if \\ is so oad as they tell me. 

Quag, v? rare- 1 , [f. QUAG sb.~\ trans. To 
submerge or fix in a quag. 

1673 MARVELL Reh. Transp. n. Wks. 1776 II. 502 Unfortu- 
nately . . you sink deeper and quag yourself in your Roman 
Empire. 

Quagga (kwje'ga). Also 8-9 quacha, 9 -ccha, 
kwagga. [South African. The earliest authori- 
ties give it as a Hottentot word, writing it quacha 
(Juncker, 1710), quaiha (Kolbe, 1719, prob. a 
misprint), or quagga (Sparrman, 1783), but it is 
now current in Xosa-Kaffir in the form iqwara t 
with clicking q and guttural r. (J. Platt, in 
Athettxum t 19 May, 1901).] a. A South African 
equine quadruped (EqttusQi Hippotigris Quagga} , 
related to the ass and zebra, but less fully striped 
than the latter, b. Burchell's zebra. 

The true quagga is believed to have been exterminated 
about 1873. 

1785 G. FORSTER tr. S parr man's I'oy. Cape G. H. I. 223 
One of the animals called quaggas by the Hottentots and 
colonists. 1797 Encycl. Brtt. (ed. 3) VI. 713 The quacha, 
or quagga, 1815 SIR J. BARROW Travels 320 The Qua-cha, 
which was long thought to be the female Zebra, is now 
known to be of a species entirely different. 1834 PRINGLE 
Afr. Sk. viii. 274 The poor quagga.. is a timid animal with 
a gait and figure much resembling those of an ass. 1839 
DARWIN Jrnl. Beagle v. 100 Two zebras, and the quaccha, 
two gnus, and several antelopes. 1859 Orig. Spec. v. 
(1873) 128 The quagga, though so plainly barred like a 
zebra over the body, is without bars on the legs. 

attrib. 1899 Q. Rev. Oct. 412 The quagga hybrid was 
less striped than many dun-coloured horses. 

Quaggy (kwse'gi), a. [f. QUAG sb. or z/.l 

+ -Y.] 

1. Of ground : That shakes under the foot ; full 
of quags; boggy, soft Also of streams: Flow- 
ing through boggy soil. 

1610 HOLLAND Camden's Brit. i. 499 Certaine uneven and 
quaggie miry plots. 1x1756 COLLINS Ode Supers t.Highl. 59 
O'er the watery strath or quaggy moss. 1814 SCOTT \Vav. 
xvi, The path . . was rough, broken, and in many places 
quaggy and unsound. 1867 MORRIS Jason xi. 188 A plain. . 



with quaggy brooks cleft through. 

2. Of things, 
yielding, flabby. 



. 

esp. of the body or flesh: Soft, 
. Also of persons in respect of 
their flesh, andyig-. 

?i6.. Time's StoreJtonse 26 (L.) Heate and travaile arc 
yrkesome to the Gaules' quaggy bodies. 1611 COTGR., 
Motlasse. quaggie, swagging [etc.]. 1694 MOTTEUX Rate- 
lais iv. ix. (1737) 37 A female called /Var. .said to be 
quaggyand flabby. 1748 RICHARDSON C/arissa(iBii) VIII. 
158 Behold her, then, spreading the whole troubled bed 
with her huge quaggy carcase. 1806-7 J- BEKESFORD 
Miseries Hum. Life (1826) vi. 120 O the quaggy rascal ! . . 
I'd have given him a little bone to his fat. 1822-34 
Good's Stud. Med. fed. 4) II. 680 The cells [of dead bonej 
being filled with a corrupt sanies or spongy caruncles, so 
that the whole assumes a quaggy appearance. 1851 H. 
MELVILLE Whale xxv. 125 A mature man who uses hair-oil 
. . has probably got a quaggy spot on him. 

Comb. 1721 RAMSAY Tartana 343 May she turn quaggy fat. 

Hence Qua'ggriness, quaggy condition. 

1653 GATAKER Vind. Annot. Jer. 85 Considering the un- 
sounanesse and qagginesse of their [Astrologers'] grounds. 

Qmqtc, obs. pa. t. of QUKTCH v. 

2-2 



QUAGMIBB. 

Quagmire (kwae-gmaiej). [app. f. QUAG s6. 
or v. 1 (but evidenced a little earlier) + MIRE. 
Numerous synonyms, with a first element of similar 
form, were in use in the l6th and 171)1 cents., as 
qua-, quab-, quad-, quake-, qua!-, quave-, quaw- 
mire, which will be found in their alphabetical 
places : cf. also bog-, gog- and wag-mire. The 
precise relationship of these to each other is not 
clear : all, or most, may be independent attempts to 
express the same idea (cf. etym. note to QUAKE v.).} 

1. A piece of wet and boggy ground, too soft to 
sustain the weight of men or the larger animals ; 
a quaking bog ; a fen, marsh. 

1579-80 NORTH Plutarch (1676) 530 There was a certain 
quagmire before him, that ran with a swift running stream. 
1610 ROWLANDS Martin Mark-all 26 They come to bogs 



and quagmyres, much like to them in Ireland. ifi^S Surv. 
Ajff. Nethtrl. 120 [Holland isj the greatest Hogg of Europe, 
and Quagmire of Christendom. 1756 C. LUCAS Ess. Waters 



II. 131 The quagmire being pierced .. is found no where 
above two feet deep. 1838 PRESCOTT Fera. Hi Is. (1846) III. 
xiv. 121 The excessive rains., had converted the whole 
country into a mere quagmire. i88a OUIDA Mareitiura I. 
47 To reach the mountain crest without sinking miserably 
in a quagmire. 

Comb. 1611 COTCR., Afollasse,.. quagmire-like. 

2. trans/, andy?^. a. Anything soft, flabby, or 
yielding. 

1635 QUARLES EmU. i. xii. (1718) 50 Thy flesh a trembling 
bog, a quagmire full of humours, a 1704 T. BROWN Praise 
Poverty Wks. 1730 I. 100 The rich are corpulent, drown'd 
in foggy quagmires of fat and dropsy. 1822-34 Gomfs 
Study Meit. (ed. 4) IV. 488 The indurated patches seem, in 
some cases, to be fixed upon a quagmire of offensive fluid. 

b. A position or situation from which extrica- 
tion is difficult. 

'775 SHERIDAN Rivals in. iv, I have followed Cupid's 
Jaclc-a-lantern, and find my self in a quagmire at last. 1851 
BRIGHT Sf., Eccl. Titles Bill 12 May, The noble Lord . . is 
in a quagmire, and he knows it well. 1873 HAMERTON 
Inlcll. Life v. ii. (1875) 178 Many a fine intellect has been 
driven into the deep quagmire. 

Hence Qua-g-mire v., in pass, to be sunk or 
stuck in a quagmire ; also Jig. f Qua'gmirist, 
one who makes a quagmire of himself. Qua- jfmiry 
a., of the nature of a quagmire ; boggy. 

1637 WINTHROP New Eng. (1825) I. 233 A most hideous 
swamp, so thick with bushes and so quagmiry [etc.]. 1655 
R. YOUNGE Agst. Drunkards 4 These drunken drones, these 
gut-mongers, these Quagmirists. 1701 Laconics 120 (L.) 
When a reader has been quagmired in a dull heavy book. 
1846 LANDOR Imag. Conv. Wks. II. 42 A man is never 
quagmired till he stops. 

t Quagswag, v. 06s. rare -'. [f. QUAG and 
SWAG, both used by Cotgr. in rendering F. brim- 
baler^ intr. To shake to and fro. 

1653 URQUHART Rabelais 11. xi. 78 Advised her not to put 
her selfe into the hazard of quagswagging in the Lee. 

Quahaug, quahog (kwahji-g, kwg-h^g). U.S. 
Also quail-, quohog. [Narraganset Indian, given 
by Roger Williams as poquauhock: -k or -g is 
the plural ending in Algonquian tongues.] The 
common round clam (Venus mercenarid) of the 
Atlantic coast of North America : = HEN sb. 6. 

[1643 R. WILLIAMS Key Lang. Amer. 107 Poquauhock, 
this the English call Hens, a little thick shel-fish, which the 
Indians wade deepe and dive for.] 1828 in WEBSTER. 1851 
MELVILLE Whale xiv. 70 They first caught crabs and quo- 
hogs in the sand. 1881 Scritner's Mag. XXII. 656/1 So 
seemingly impregnable a victim [of the star-fish] as the 

Siahaug 1882 Standard 26 Sept. 2/1 In every hotel bill of 
re the clam or quahog . . figures in a variety of shapes. 

Quahte, obs. pa. t. of QUETCH v. Quahis, 
obs. f. WHOSE. Quai, variant of QUAY. 

Quaich, quaigh (kw^x). Sc. Forms : a. 7-8 
quech, 7, 9 queich, 8- quegh, 9 quaigh, quaioh, 
(quoioh). 0. 8 quaff, queff, coif. [a. Gael. 
ctiach cup, Olr. ctiach, prob. ad. L. caucus (Gr. 
xavKa), whence also W. cawg. The /3-forms are 
peculiar, as there is no general tendency in Sc. to 
substitute/ for cA.] A kind of shallow drinking- 
cup formerly common in Scotland, usually made 
of small wooden staves hooped together and having 
two ears or handles, but sometimes fitted with 
a silver rim, or even made entirely of that metal. 

o. 1673 Act: Bit. Sir y. Foulis (1894) 14 A quech weighting 
18 unce and 10 drop. 1697 fny. in Scott. N. <$ Q. (1900) 
Dec. 90/2 Three round queichs without luggs. 1715 
PENNECUIK Descr. Tiveedclale, etc. 11. 71 A great Quech, 
which they were made to Drink out of. 1808 SCOTT Marin. 
in. xxvi, The quaighs were deep, the liquor strong. 1849 
MRS. CARLYLE Lett. II. 61 Passing a cooper's shop . . I stept 



1884 Q. VICTORIA More 
which Prince Charles 



in and bought two little quaighs. 
Leaves 142 A silver quaich out of 
Edward had drunk. 

attrib. 1703 IHV. in Scott. N. % Q, (1900) Dec. 90/2 A big 
quech cup with three lugs. 

0. 1711 RAMSAY On Maggy Johnstoun ix, Sae brawly did 
a pease-scon toast Biz i' the queff. 1730 BURT Lett. N. 
Scotl. (1818) I. 157 It is often drank.. out of a cap, or coif 
as they call it ; this is a woodden dish [etc.]. 1771 SMOLLETT 
Humph. Cl. 3 Sept., The spirits were drunk out of a silver 
quaff. 

Quaid, var. QUED a. ; see also QUAY v. Quaier, 
obs. f. QUIRE. Quaife, -ff(e, obs. Sc. ff. COIF. 
Quaik, obs. Sc. f. QUAKE v. ; var. Sc. quhaik, 
WHAIK. 



12 

Quail (kw^l), sb. Forms: 4 quaille, 4-5 
quaylle, 4-6 quayle, 4-7 quaile, 5 qwayle, 
qwyle, 6 quale, Sc. qua(i)l3e, (7 -Jie), 6- quail, 
[a. OF. quaille (F. caille) = Prov. calha, It. 
quaglia, OSp. coalla, med.L. qttalia, qualea and 
qttaquila, quacula ; the source is prob. Teutonic, 
cf. MDu., MLG. qitackele (Du. kiuaktel) and OHG. 
qualala, of imitative origin.] 

1. A migratory bird allied to the partridge 
(family Perdicidx), found in the Old World and 
Australia; esp. the European species, Coturnix 
contmunis or dactylisonans, the flesh of which is 
much esteemed for the table. 

The Australian quails are chiefly hemipods (Turni-v), esp. 
the Painted Quail, T. variiis, or Hemipcdius melinatus. 
The single New Zealand species (Coturnix Nm>z-Zelandiz) 
is almost extinct. 

sj. . E. E. Allit. P. B. 1084, I stod as stylle as dased 
quayle. c 1386 CHAUCER Clerk's T. 1150 Thou shalt make 
him couche as doth a quaille. 1444 Pot. Poems (Rolls) II. 
219 Geyn Phebus uprist syngen wyl the quaylle. 1535 
COVERDALE Exod. xvi. 13 At euen the quayles came vp. 
Ps. civ. 40 At their desyre, there came quales. 1553 
W. WATREMAN Fardlt Facions l. v. 53 Quail), and mallard, 
are not but for the richer sorte. 1601 SIR W. CORNWALLIS 
Ess. H. (1631) 284 The fighting game at Quailes was 
Anthonies overthrowe. 1684 OTWAY Atheist i. i, Do you 
di.spi.se your own Manna, .and long after Quails? 1727-46 
THOMSON Summer 1657 While the quail clamours for his 
running mate. 1774 GOLDSM. Nat. Hist. (1776) V. 212 The 
quail is by all known to be a bird of passage. 1846 STOKES 
Disc. Australia II. vii. 259 It is known to the colonists as 
the Painted Quail. 1870 MORRIS Earthly Par. III. iv. 296 
Close within the long grass lies the quail. 

2. dial. a. The corn-crake. (First quot. dub.) 
1470 HENRYSON Mor. Fab. vm. (Preach. Swallow) xxiii, 

The quailje craikand in the corne. 1881 Leicest. Gloss., 
Quail, the land-rail or corn-crake. 

b. The small spotted water-hen. 
17*6 PENNANT Brit. Zool. (1768) II. 504 In Lincolnshire it 
is known by the name of quail. 

3. One of several American gallinaceous birds 
resembling the European quail, esp. the Virginian 
Quail or colin (Orlyx virginianus}, and the Cali- 
fornian or Crested Quail (Lophortyx californicus). 

1817-* COBBETT Resid. US. (1822) 43, Chickens .. as big 
as American Partridges (misnamed quails). 1840 Penny 
Cycl. XVII. 440 Ortyx Virginianus, ..the. Quail of the 
inhabitants of New England, the Partridge of the Pennsyl- 
vanians. 1861 G. F. BERKELEY Sfortsm. W. Prairies xi. 
185 A brace of what the Americans call quail. 

t 4. Jig. A courtesan. Obs. (So F. caille coiffie.) 

An allusion to the supposed amorous disposition of the 
bird : see the passages cited by Nares. 

x6ofi SHAKS. Tr. ff Cr. v. i. 57 Heere's Agamemnon,., one 
that loues Quails. 1694 MOTTEUX Rabelais iv. Prol. 
(1737) 83 Several coated Quails, and lac'd Mutton. 

B. attrib. and Comb., as quail-basket, -feeding, 
fight, -fighter, -fighting, -net, -pit, -potage, etc. ; 
quail-surfeited adj.; quail-call = QUAIL-PIPE; 
quail-dove, a dove of the West Indies and Florida 
(Starncenas cyanocephalus) ; quail-hawk, a New 
Zealand species of falcon ; quail-pigeon, a pigeon 
of the genus Geophaps; quail-snipe, a South 
American plover of the genus Thinocorys. Also 
QUAIL-PIPE. 

1398 FLORIO, Quagliere, . . a *quaile basket. 1822 D. 
BOOTH Analyt. Diet. i. 99 A Quailpipe or *Quailcall. 1884 
Encycl. Brit. XX. 147/1 In old days they were taken in 
England in a net, attracted thereto by means of a Quail call. 
i8o T. MITCHELL Aristoph. I. p. Ixiii, When a mania took 
place in Athens . . for 'quail-feeding or philosophy. 1581 
MULCASTER Positions xviii. (1887) 78 Cokfights and 'quaile- 
fightes. 1836-48 B. D. WALSH Aristoph., Acharnians I. 
iv. note , The Athenians . .were great cock-fighters and *quail- 
fighters. 1776 GOLDSM. Nat. Hist. (1790) V. 214 "Quailfight- 
ing was a favourite amusement among the Athenians. 1873 
BULLER Birds N. Zeal. (1888) I. 217 The *Quail-Hawk 
exhibits great perseverance in pursuit of its prey. 1598 
FLORIO, Quagliera, a *quaile-neu 1879 MRS. A. E. JAMES 
Ind.Househ. Managem. 56 Quails, .kept in your own quail- 
pit and well fed. 17*5 BRADLEY Fant. J)ict.s.\. Quail, You 
may also have a *Quail-Potage in the Form of an Oil. 
1640 G. DANIEL Trittarch.,Hcn. V, cxxv, And hang a Nose 
to Leekes, *Quaile-Surfetted. 

Quail (kw^l), w.l Forms : 5-6 quayll, 5-7 
quayle, (5 whayle), quaile, 6-7 quale, 7 quaille, 
6- quail. See also QUEAL. [Of uncertain origin. 
The early spelling and rimes prove a ME. quailen 
(with diphthongal at), for which there is no obvious 
source. Phonology, sense, and date are against 
any connexion with early ME. quelen QUELE. 

In literary use the word is very common from about 1520 
to 1650, after which it practically disappears until its revival, 
app. by Scott, in the early part of the igth c.J 
I. intr. 

1. Of material things, as persons, plants, etc. : 
To decline from a natural or flourishing condition ; 
to fail or give way ; to fade, wither, etc. Obs. 
exc. dial. 

c 1440 CAPGRAVE Life St. Kath. iv. 1775 Ewery thyng.. 
that maketh resistens Ageyn nature, ful soone wil it quayle. 
1460 G. ASHBY Dicta Philos. 1071 Better were a thing 
never to [be] had Than in handes to quaile & to be badde. 
1568 T. HOWELL Arli. Atnitie (1879) 24 Length of time, 
causeth man and beast to quaile. 1579 SPENSER Sheflt. 
Cal. Nov. 91 The braunch once dead, the budde eke needes 
must quaile. 1603 J. RHODES Aiisw. Rom. Rhyme, Sf. 
touch. Heretics, Christ's word . . that heaucn and earth 



QUAIL. 

should quaile, Before his word one iote should faile. a 1796 
PEGGE Derbicisms (E. D. S,) } Quai/ t toerow ill. 1825 BROCKETT 
N. C. Gloss., Quaff, to fail, to fall SICK, to faint. 1879 Miss 
JACKSON Shro^sh. iyord-bk. t Quail, to languish ; to fail ; to 
fall sick. 1880 Its. Cortiiv. Gloss, s. v., Quail, to wither ; 
. ,' These flowers soon quail '. 

2. Of immaterial things. 

a. Of an action, undertaking, state of things, 
etc. : To fail, break down, come to nothing. Obs. 
In mod. use (transf, from 3) : To give way, yield 
to or before. 

c 1440 CAPGRAVE Life S/, Kaik. iv. 1019 Whan moost 
nede is, his resons will quayll [v.r. whaylel. 15*3 J/. 
Papers Hen. VII f, VI. 197 Thei fynally concludyd .. ther 
shold lack 2 or 3 voyces, wnerby the election shold quayle. 
1570 B. GOOGE Pop. Kingd. 11. 23 b, They toyle and moyle 
least that his state by talke of tongue should quaile. 
1600 HOLLAND Livy v. xxi. 194 After great massaker and 
execution committed, the fight began to quaile. 1611 SPEED 
Hist, G/. Brit. ix. ix. 23. 585 The Kings Ambassadours 
returne out of France, without hauing effected that which 
they went about, so that the whole enterprize quailed. 

1810 SCOTT Lady of L. u. xxv, Roderick Dhu's renown. . 
[should] quail to that of Malcolm Grasme. 1857 MAURICE 
Mor. ff Met. Philos. III. iv. 9. 117 The name of William 
himself quailed before that of Abelard. 

b. Of courage, t hope, t faith, etc. : To fail, 
give way, become faint or feeble. 

1557 POLE in Strype Eccl. Mem. (1721) III. App. Ixviii. 
246 The faythe of the sacraments began to quayle in 
so many hartes. a 1577 GASCOIGNE Flowers Wks. 1869 I. 
43 Since courage quayles, and commes behind, Go sleepe. 
1606 BRYSKETT Civ. Life 89 If. .the hope began to quaile, 
forthwith courage failed withall. 1641 ROGERS Naantan 
408, I perceiue your zeale quales shrewdly in this Laodicean 
age. 1835 THIRLWALL Greece I. vi. 212 Perils, which make 
the courage of the hardiest quail. 

3. Of persons : To lose heart, be cowed or dis- 
couraged ; to give way through fear (to or before 
a formidable person or thing). 

1555 in Strype Eccl. Mem. (1721) III. App. xliii. 122 
He made them this faithful promise to the intent that they 
should not quaile. 1577-87 HOLINSHED Chron. III. 1212/1 
The comming forward of these forces caused the rebels, .to 
quaile in courage. 1604 T. WRIGHT Passions i. vi. 23 




BYI 

1874 GREEN Short Hist. iii. . 137 The Earl of Chester. . 
who had risen in armed rebellion, quailed before the march 
of Hubert. 

b. Of the heart or spirit ; also of the eyes. 

1563 Homilies u. Repentance i. (1859) 53 1 Mens hearts do 
quail and faint, if they once perceive that they travail in 
vaine. 1600 HOLLAND Ltvy xxxvi. ix. 924 Seeing many of 
the defendants, .hurt and wounded, their hearts began to 
quaile. 1611 SHAKS. Cymb. v. v. 140 Thy daughter For 
whom my heart drops blood, and my false spirils Quaile to 
remember. 1837 W. IRVING Capt. Bonnemlle\\. 225 [They] 
felt their hearts quailing under their multiplied hardships. 
1841 BORROW Zincalil. i. i. 26 Their sharp eyes quailed 
quickly before his savage glances. 1892 J. TAIT Mind in 
Mattered, 3) 249 In Gethsemane, the brave spirit of Jesus 
quailed. 
U. trans. 

*t*4. To affect injuriously, to spoil, impair; to 
overpower, destroy, put an end to. Obs. a. a thing. 

1551 GARDINER Explic. Cath. Faiih % Of the Presence 60 
The truthe of that place hindreth and qualeth in maner all 
the booke. 1604 T. WRIGHT Climact. Years n Nature in 
the meane time is strengthened with good foods, and the 
humour either purged or quailed with phisicke. 1655 
H. VAUGHAN Silex Scint. u. Time's Book iv, As some meek 
night-piece which day quails To candle light unveils. 1669 
BOYLE Cent. New Exp. n. (1682) 66 The Apricocks were 
flaccid or quailed as if they had been dry or withered. 

absol. 1590 SHAKS. Mids. N. D. v. L 292 O Fates ! . . Cut 
thred and thrum, Quaile, crush, conclude, and quell. 
b. an action, state, quality, feeling, etc. 

1531 MoREC<7/w/. Barnes VHI. Wks. 805/2 If he belieue 
saynt Austine. .than is his own fond ymaginacion quayled. 
1551 R. ROBINSON tr. Morels Utop. Ep. Cecil (1895) 20 Mine 
old good wil and hartye affection towardes you is not.. at 
all quayled and diminished. 1577 HANMEK Anc. Eccl. 
Hist. (1619) 75 Quailing the chearefulnesse of others. x68 
VENNER Baths of Bathe (1650) 350 The taking of cold 
drink doth suddenly quaile the heat. 1654 tr. Martinis 
Cong. Ckitui 5 Their antient .. warlike Spirit, which the 
pleasures . . of that Country had quailed and tamed. 

5. To daunt or cow (a person), to bring into 
subjection by fear ; to cause to quail. 

1526 /Y&7-. Per/. (W. de W. 1531) 126 b, Some power of 
the soule shall quayle & trouble them. 1569 GOLDING 
Hemiftge's Post. 22 Paul was not quayled with the huge- 
nesse of persecutions. 1642 BRIDGE Serin. Norfolk Volun- 
teers 9 He is a stout man whom adversity doth not quaile. 
1719 D'URFEY Pills (1872) III. 23 You Roaring Boys, who 
everyone quails. 1816 J. WILSON City of Plague in, i. 49 
As thunder quails Th' inferior creatures of the air and 
earth. 1833 M\ SCOTT Tom Cringle ii. (1859) 55 Splinter did 
not like it, I saw, and that quailed me. 

b. To daunt, depress (the heart, courage) with 
fear or dejection. 

1567 TURBERV. Ray ling Route 26 My courage is not 
quailde by cruell Fo. 1600 HOLLAND Livy xcv. 1253 
Ouerthrowes in warre and misfortunes, .at sea, wherewith 
his heart was quailed. 1663 BUTLER Hud. \. iii. 204 Am 
not I hereto take thy part? Then what has quail'd thy 
stubborn heart? 1706 in PHILLIPS (ed. Kersey!. 1844 D\s- 
RARUComttgtfy v. ii, It. .quailed the heart of Taper, crushed 
all the rising hopes. 

Hence Quailer, one who, or that which, quails. 

1599 SANDYS Ettrofag Spec. (1632) 193 Avarice, .the quailer 
of all manly executions. 



QUAIL. 

Quail, v. 2 Obs. exc. dial. Forms : 5-6 quayle, 
7 quaile. [a. OF. quaillcr (F. caillcr = It. quag- 
Hare, P[J. coalhar, Sp. cuajar) : L. coagulare to 
COAGULATE.] 

1. iiitr. To curdle, coagulate. 

1430 Two Cookcry-bks. 27 Caste on whyte Wyne or 
Venegre, S: make it quayle. c 1440 Promp. Pa.ro. 418/2 
Ouaylyn, as mylke, and other lycowre, coagulo. 153" 
PALSGR. 676/2, I quayle, as mylke dothe, je quailltbotte. 
1601 HOLLAND Pliny II. 323 It is no better than poison, 
especially the first beestings, if it quaile and cruddle in the 
stomacke. 1706 in PHILLIPS (ed. Kerseyl. 1881 Lticest. 
Ctoss., Quail, to ' turn ' or curdle; go flat or sour. 
b. To lie quailed, to be curdled. 

1530 PALSGR. 676/2 This mylke is quayled. 1809 BATCHELOR 
Orthoep. Anal. 140 The cream is said to be quailed, when 
the butter begins to appear in the process of churning. 

2. trans. To cause to curdle, rare 1 . 

1398 TREVISA Earth. De P. R. iv. iv. (1495) 83 The more 
boy-stous . . partyes of the grayne the erth takyth . . and 
quaylyth theym by heete. 

Hence Quailed ///. a., curdled. Obs. 

<: 1440 /VK>. / > <tn;.4i8/'iQuaylyd,asmylke,andoberlyke, 
coagulatus. 1541 R. COPLAND Guydoris Quest, Chinirg., 
etc., Pe lyuer..is the substaunce of flesshe, and red as 
quaylfed blode. 1601 HOLLAND Pliny II. 134 Such as 
haue . . drunk quailed railke, that is cluttered within their 
stomack. 

Quai-lery. [f. QUAIL sb. + -EBT.] A place 
where quails are kept, esp. to be fattened for food. 

1804 Blackvi. Mag. .Sept. 387/2 The native caught the 
birds alive for the quatlenes of Anglo-Indians. 

Quailing (kw/"lirj), vtl. si. 1 [f. QUAIL z;.i 
+ -ING 1 .] The action of giving way, failing, 
losing heart, etc. 

1549 COVERDALE, etc. Erasiit. Par. Tim. Ded. i Seyng 



. . ^ 

i. 65 The quailing and withering of all things by the recesse 
of the Sunne. 1641 ROGERS Naaman 557 So farre from 
quailing of judgement, a 1700 B. E. Diet. Cant. Crew 



, 

Quailing of the Stomack, beginning to be qualmish or un- 
easy. 1848 C. BRONTE J. Eyre (1857) 245, 1 bore with her 
feeble minded quailing*. 

tQuai'ling, vbl. sb.i Obs. [f. QDAIL vt] 
Curdling, coagulation. 

c 1440 Promp. Parv. 418/2 Quaylynge, of lycoure, coagu- 
lacio. 1600 SURFLET Coitntrie Fartm n. xlix. 310 To stay 
the quailing of the milke in their stomacks. 

Quailing (kw^ h lirj), ///. a. [f. QUAIL v. 1 + 
-ING 2 .] Diminishing, becoming weak ; losing 
hope or courage, etc. 

1565 GOLDING Ovid's Met. ix. (1593) 215 To quicken up 
the quailing love. 1586 WARNER Alb. Eng. iv. .\\i[i|. 
(i6i2_) 105 Did quicken Englands quailing plowes. 1880 
G. MEREDITH Trag. Com. (1881) 158 Her father's unwonted 
harshness suggested the question to her quailing nature. 
1894 SIR E. SULLIVAN Woman 34 Shrinking, quailing, 
agonised victims. 

Quail-pipe, [f. QUAIL jA + PIPE.] 

1. A pipe or whistle on which the note of the 
quail (usually the female) can be imitated, in 
order to lure the birds into a net; a quail-call. 
Also used allusively, or fig. 

For a full description of the calls used to imitate the notes 
of the cock and hen, see Encycl, Brit. (1797) XV. 733/2. 

?rt 1400 LYDG. Ckorle $ Byrde (Roxb.) 9 The quayle pype 
can most falsely calle Tyl the quayle under the nette doth 
crepe, c 1400 Rom. Rose 7261 High shoos knopped with 
dagges, That frouncen lyke a quaile pipe. 1611 R. FENTON 
Usury in. i. no Those Echoes and quailpipes amongst vs, 
who catch friends by imitating their voice. 17x1 ADDISON 
SAect. No. 108 P 5 A late Invention of Will's for improving 
toe Quail-pipe. 1821 SCOTT Kenilw. vii, Master Varney, 
you can sound the quailpipe most daintily to wile wantons 
into his nets. 1884 St. James's Gaz. 28 Apr. 6/2 In France 
they are commonly captured on the ground ; a ' quail-pipe ' 
. . being employed. 

attrw. 1601 MIDDLETON Bhtrt } Master^Constabte n. i. 17 
A gallant that hides his small-timbered legs with a quail- 
pipe b"oot. 1603 DEKKER Wonderfttll Yeare Fiij b, He.. 
cryed out in that quaile-pipe voice, 

1 2. transf. The throat or vocal organs. Obs. 

1693 DRYDEN Juvenal \\. (1697) 120 The Rich to Buy him, 
will refuse no Price ; And stretch his Quail-pipe till they 
crack his Voice, a 1700 B. E. Diet. Cant. Crew t Qnait-pipt'^ 
a Woman's Tongue. 1748 RICHARDSON Clarissa (1811) VI. 
383 Squeaking inwardly, .from contracted quail-pipes. 

Hence Quai'lpiping vbl. sb. 

166* R. L'EsTRANCE State Divinity 14 To give over.. 
their Quailpiping in a Putpit to catch silly women. 

Quaime, obs. form of QUALM sb. 

t Quain, v. Obs. rare. [a. ON. kveina ~ OE. 
cwanian, Goth, qainon : an ablaut-var. appears in 
MDu. and MLG. qittnen (Du. kivijneri) to com- 
plain, be ill (cf. MHO. verquinen^ OE. dcwinan to 
waste away).] intr, (also refl.} and trans. To 
lament, bewail, bemoan. Hence Q,uaining vbl. sb. 

a 1300 Cursor Af. 10488 Sco quainid eft on J>is maner, Oft 
sco said, 'alias ! alias ! ' Ibid. 10495 To quils sco quainid 
Jjus hir care. Ibid, 12495 Quen iesus herd J?is quaining gret. 
Ibid. 21886 parof him quaines iesucrist. [A possible instance 
ofrfa/;i sb. {cf. ON. fare hi) occurs in line 11577.] 

Quain, obs. variant of QUOIN sb. 

t Quaint, sb. Obs. rare. Also 4 queynt(e. 
[?f. the adj.] (See quot. 1598.) 

c 1320 Sir Tristr, 2254 Hir queynt abouen hir kne Naked 
J>e kiiistcs kuewe. c 1386 CHAUCEK Miller '$ T. 90 Pryvely 



13 

he caught hit by the queynte. 1598 FLORIO, Bccckina, 
a wonians quaint or priuities. 

Quaint (kw^'nt), a. (aiht.) Forms : a. 3-4 
cointe, (3 kointe, 4 coint t, coynte, koynt(e), 
quoynte, (3 owointe, 4 quointe, quoynt), 4-5 
ooynt, quynte, (4 quinte, 6 quyent). /3. 3-6 
queynte, (4 qweynt(e), 4-6 queynt, queinte, 
4-8 queint, 6 quent, qwent ; 4-5 quaynt, (4 
qwaynt, qwaint), quante, (5 qwantte), 4-6 
quaynte, (5 qwaynte), quainte, 4- quaint. 7. 
4-5 waynt, 5 wheynte, quhaynte, whaynt(e ; 
dial. 7 wheint, 8-9 whaint, whent, 9 wheant. 
[a. OF. cointc (ijuointe, cuinte, etc.), queinle : L. 
cognitum known, pa. pple. oicognosclre to ascertain. 
The development of the main senses took place in 
OF., and is not free from obscurity (cf., however, 
COUTH and KNOWN). 

In its older senses the Eng. word seems to have been in 
ordinary use down to the i;th c., though in many i6-ijth 
c. examples the exact meaning is difficult to determine. 
After 1700 it occurs more sparingly (chiefly in sense 6), until 
its revival in sense 8, which is very frequent after 1800.] 

A. adj. 

I. f 1. Of persons : Wise, knowing ; skilled, 
clever, ingenious. In later use chiefly with ref. to 
the employment of fine language (cf. sense 6). 06s. 

m*y> Leg. Kath. 580 (Cott. MS.) Hei ! hwuch wis read 
Of se cointe [v.r. icudd] keiser. c 1290 6". Eng. Leg. \. 
381/165 pe beste Carpenter And ]K quoynteste bat ich euere 
l-knev. a 13*5 Prose Psalter cxviii. 98 Thou madest me 
quainte [L. frndentem] vp myn enemis to }>\ comaunde- 
ment. c 1400 Destr. Troy 1531 Wise wrightis to wale .. 
qwaint men of wit. 1501 DOUGLAS Pal. Hon. i. Ixv, 3it clerkis 
Dene in subtell wordis quent, And in the deid als schairp as 
ony snaillis. 1593 SHAKS. 2 Hen. VI, in. ii. 274 To shew 
how queint an Orator you are. 1596 Tom. Shr. in. 
ii. 149 Wee'll ouerreach . . The quaint Musician. <zi6z8 
PRESTON New Cwt. (1634) 273 If you would preach as other 
men do, and be curious and quaint of Oratory. 1697 DRYDEN 
jEneidxi. 698 Talk on ye quaint Haranguers of the Crowd. 
1718 MORGAN Algiers I. vi. 176 The Arabs in general are 
quaint, bold, hospitable, and generous, excessive Lovers of 
Eloquence and Poesy. 

fb. In bad sense: Cunning, crafty, given to 
scheming or plotting. Obs. 

<i 1225 Ancr. R. 328 peos kointe harloz J>et scheaweo" for<5 



. 

hore gutefestre. c 1340 Cursor M. 739 (Fairf.) pe nedder 
bat ys so quaynt of gyle, c 1394 P. PI. Crcde 482 ' Dere 
brober ' quab Peres ' be devell is ful queynte '. 1402 



at ys so quaynt of gyle, c 13 
rober ' quab Peres ' be dev 

HOCCLEVE Letter of Cupid 152 Sly, queynt, and fals in al 
AS jEncis n. i. 59 Knaw 



vnthrift coupable. 1513 DOUGLAS jEncis n. i. 59 Knaw Je 
nocht bettir the quent Vlexes slycht ? 1674-91 RAY N.-C. 
Woi-ds (E.D.S.), 'A wheint lad', q. queint; a fine lad: 
ironice dictum. Also, cunning, subtle. 1680 OTWAY Orphan 
in. iv. 864 The quaint smooth Rogue, that sins against his 
Reason. 

t 2. Of actions, schemes, devices, etc. : Marked 
by ingenuity, cleverness, or cunning. Obs. 

aiaag Ancr. R. 294 Ure Louerd . '. brouhte so to grunde 
his kointe kuluertschipe. c 1330 A rth. 4r Merl. <H47(KcMbing) 
Morg_ein..bat wib bir queint gin Bigiled be gode clerk 
Merlin. 1387 TREVISA Higden (Rolls) IV. 429 losephus . . 
fonde up a queynte craft, and heng wete elopes uppon be 
toun walles. c 1460 Towneley Myst. xiii. 593 This was a 
qwantte gawde, and a far cast, It was a hee frawde. 1522 
World tf Child in Hazl. Dodsley I. 245, I can many a 
quaint game. 1598 ROWLANDS Betray. Christ 10 When 
traitor meets, these quaint deceits he had. 1641 BROME 
Jovial Crew IT. Wks. 1873 III. 378, I. .over-heard you in 
your queint designe, to new create your selves. 

f3. Of things : Ingeniously or cunningly designed 
or contrived; made with skill or art ; elaborate. Obs. 

c 1290 S. Eng. Leg. I. 88/62 He liet heom makien a 
quoynte schip. 1197 R. GLOUC. (Rolls) 1555 Hii jeue him 
an quointe [v.r. koynte] drench, mid childe vor to be. c 1384 
CHAUCER H. Fame in. 835 And! evermo. . This queynte hous 
aboute wente, That never-mo hit stille stente. a 1400-50 
Alexander 4275 Have we no cures of courte ne na cointe 
sewes. 1627 DRAYTON Nymphidia Ixix, He told the 
arming of each joint, In every piece how neat and quaint. 
1631 SHIRLEY Traitor iv. ii, Who knows But he may marry 
her, and discharge his Duchess With a quaint salad? 

t 4. Of things : Skilfully made, so as to have a 
good appearance; hence, beautiful, pretty, fine, 
dainty. Obs. 

13.. E. E.Allit. P. B. 1382 With koynt carneles aboue, 
coruen ful clene. 13. . Caw. fy Gr. Knt. 877 Whyssynes vpon 
queldepoyntes, bat koynt wer bobe. ? a 1366 CHAUCER 
Ront. Rose 98 A sylvre nedle forth I droughe, Out of an 
aguler queynt ynoughe. c 1400 Destr. Troy 777 An ymage 
full nobilL.bat qwaint was & qwem, all of white siluer. 
1596 SPENSER F. Q. iv. x. 22 Nor hart could wish for any 
queint device, But there it present was, and did fraile sense 
entice. 1671 MILTON Samson 1303 In his hand A Scepter 
or quaint staff he bears. 

f b. Of dress : Fine, fashionable, elegant. Obs. 

!<z 1366 CHAUCER Rom. Rose 65 The ground . . maketh so 
queynt his robe and fayr That it hath hewes an hundred 
payr. 1380 Lay Folks Calecti. (Lamb. MS.) 1221 Ne wor- 
schipe not men for here fayre clobes, ne for here qweynte 



curious and quaint apparel! is the spur that prickes them 
forward. 1627 FLETCHER Locusts I. xiii, All lovely drest 
In beauties livery, and quaint devise. 

1 5. Of persons : Beautiful or handsome in ap- 
pearance; finely or fashionably dressed; elegant, 
foppish. Ots. 

01300 Cursor .V. 28015 Vee lcuedis..studis. .hu tomak 
yow senile and quaint. 111310 in Wright Lync P. 26 



QUAINT. 

Coynte ase columbine, such hire cunde ys. 136* LANGL. 
P. PI. A. u. 14 A wommon wonderliche clothed .. Ther 
nis no qweene qweyntore. a 1450 Knt. dela 7*i7r(i868) 40 
Folke shulde not have thaire herte on the worlde, nor 
make hem queint, to plese it. 1590 GREENE Never Too 
Late Wks. 1882 VIII. 82 He made himselfe as neate and 
quaint as might be. 1598 SIIAKS. Merry W. iv. vi. 41 
Quaint in greene, she shall be loose en-roab'd. 1610 
Tetttg. I. ii. 317 Fine apparisipn : my queint Ariel, Hearke 
in thine eare. i784Cowi'ER Taskii, 461 A body so fantastic, 
trim, And queint in its deportment and attire. 

f 6. Of speech, language, modes of expression, 
etc. : Carefully or ingeniously elaborated ; highly 
elegant or refined ; clever, smart ; full of fancies 
or conceits ; affected. Obs. (now merged in 8). 

13.. Guy Warw. (A.) 346 To hir he spac .. Wib a wel 
queynt steuen. c 1386 CHAUCER Can. Yeom. Pro/. <$ T. 199 
We semen wonder wise, Oure termes been so cleigial and so 
queynte. 1513 DOUGLAS sEttfis i. Pro!. 255 The quent and 
curious castis poeticall. c 1570 Pride # Lowl. (1841) 807 
Pleasaunt songes . . To queynt and hard for me to under- 
stand. 1655 E. TERRY Voy. E. Ind. XII. 232 The Persian 
there is spoken as their more quaint and Court-tongue. 
1676 MARVELL Mr. Smirke K iv, A good life is a Clergy 
man's best Syllogism, and the quaintest Oratory. 1713 
STEELE Sped. No. 450 f i A new Thought or Conceit 
dressed up in smooth quaint Language. 1783 BURKE Rep. 
Aff. India Wks. 1842 II. 76 A style,, .full of quaint terms 
and idjomatick phrases, which strongly bespeak English 
habits in the way of thinking. 

f7. Strange, unusual, unfamiliar, odd, curious 
(in character or appearance). Obs. (now merged 
in 8). 

i3..CVvr de L. 216 Thou schalt se a queynte brayd. 
t 1369 CHAUCER Dethe Blaunche 1330 This is so queynt 
a sweuyn. c 1400 Destr. Troy 7715 There come with this 
kyng a coynt mon of shappe. c 1440 Ifomydon 1637 Right 
vnsemely on queynte manere He hym dight. 1513 DOUGLAS 
dZneis in. Prol. 12 Now moist I write.. Wyld auentouris, 
monstreis and qwent affray is. 1579 SPENSER Sheph. Cal. 
Oct. 114 With queint Bellona in her equipage, 1629 MILTON 
Nativity 194 A drear, and dying sound Affrights the 
Flamins at their service quaint, 17x4 POPE Wife of Bath 
259 How quaint an appetite in woman reigns ! Free gifts 
we scorn, and love what costs us pains. 1808 SCOTT Marm. 
in. xx, Came forth a quaint and fearful sight. 

8. Unusual or uncommon in character or appear- 
ance, but at the same time having some attractive 
or agreeable feature, esp., having an old-fashioned 
prettiness or daintiness. 

1795 SOUTHEY Joan of Arc vm. 234 He for the wintry 
hour Knew many a merry ballad and quaint tale. 1808 
SCOTT Marm. n. lii, For this, with carving rare and quaint, 
She decked the chapel of the saint. 1824 W. IRVING T. 
Trav. I. 91 The streaks of light and shadow thrown among 
the quaint articles of furniture. 1861 STANLEY Jew. Ch. 
(1877) I. x. 202 The device is full of a quaint humour which 
marks its antiquity. 1884 J. T. BENT in Macw, Mag. Oct. 
434^2 The herdsmen were much quainter and more enter- 
taining than our city-born muleteers. 

II. f9. Proud, haughty. Obs. rare. 

a 1225 Ancr. R. 140 pet fleshs is her et home . . ant for bui 
hit is cwointe & cwmer. 1340 Ayenb. 89 po bet makeb 
ham zuo quaynte of be ilke poure noblesse pet hi habbeb of 
hare moder Je erbe. 1430 P*fcr* Lyf Manhode ir. cvii. 
115, 1 hatte orgoill, the queynte [F. la bobanciere\, the feerce 
hornede beste. [1610 G. FLETCHER Christ's Viet. n. liv, 
Queint Pride Hath taught her sonnes to wound their 
mother's side.] 

flO. Dainty, fastidious, nice; prim. Obs. 

1483 CAXTON Gold. Leg. 128 b/i Shechastyssed them that 
were nyce and queynte. 1579 G. HARVEY Letter-bk. 



1640 BROME Sparagus Card. HI. vii. Wks. 1873 III. 167 
Your new infusion of pure blood, by your queint feeding on 
delicate meates and drinks. 1678 R. I/ESTRANGE Seneca's 
Mor. To Rdr.. Fabius.. taxes him.. for being too Queint 
and Finical in his Expressions. 

fll. To make it quaint, to act quaintly, in 
various senses, esp. to behave proudly, disdainfully, 
or deceitfully. Obs. 

c 1369 CHAUCER Detke Blaunche 531 Lo ! how goodly spak 
this knight . . He made hyt nouther tough ne queynte. 
1390 GOWER Conf.\. 4623 (II. 282) O traiteresse . . Thou Hast 
gret peine wel deserved, That thou canst maken it so queinte. 
c 1400 Rom. Rose 2038, L.kneled doun with hondis loynt, 
And made it in my port ful queynt. ,1422 HOCCLEVE 
Jonathas 642 He thoghte not to make it qweynte and tow. 
ci430 Pilgr. Lyf Manhode n. cvi. (1869) 115 With alle 
myne joyntes stiryinge and with alle my sinewes j make it 
queynte [F.jt marche sifieremcnt.] 

tB. adv. Skilfully, cunningly. Obs. rare. 

c 1340 Cursor M. 5511 (Fairf.) 5" be-houys to wirke ful 
quaynte and in baire dedis ham attaynt, c 1384 CHAUCER 
//. Fame \. 245 What shulde I speke more queynte, Or 
peync me my wordes peynte? 1552 LYNDESAY Monarche 
180 Fresche flora spred furth hir tapestrie, Wrocht be dame 
Nature quent and curiouslie. 

C. Comb.) as quaint-eyed, -felt, -shapea t -sfom- 
ached) -witty, -worded adjs. 

1575 G. HARVEY Letter-bk. (.Camden) g\ Thou arte so 
queyntefelt In thy rondelett. 159? MARSTON Pyzmal. i. 
140 Like no quaint stomack't man [he] Eates vp his armes. 
1603 FLORIO Montaigne \. xxxvi. (1632)115 A quamt-wittie, 
and lofiie conceit. i?44 AKENSIDE Pleas. Imag. in. 250 
Where'er the pow'r of ridicule displays Her quamt-ey d 
visage. 1853 JAMES Agnes Sorrel (1860) I. 2 This tall 
quaint-shaped window. 1863 GRQSA.RT Srftati Sitts (ed. 2) 17 
Their quaint-worded dispositions and distinctions. 

Quaint, v. 1 Obs. exc. dial. Also 4 coynt, 4-6 
quaynt. [See ACQUAINT v. t and cf. OF. cointitr 
in Godef.] =To acquaint, in various uses. 



QUAINT. 

a 1300 Cursor M. 5707 (Giitt.) Quenbai war quaintid. .pis 
moyses and sir Raguell [etc.]. c 1330 [see ACQUAINT P. 3]. 
c 1350 Will. Palerne 4644 He ceynted him queyntli with po 
tvo ladies, a 1400-50 A lexander 213 Now sail je here How 
he . . quayntid him with ladis. 1509 BARCLAY Shyp of 
Folys (1570) 81 Spede your pace, To quaynt your selfe and 
company with grace. 1591 NASHE Prognost. i To quaint 
my selfe with the art of Nauigation. 1606 WARNER Alb, 
Eng. xv. xciv. (1612) 378 God quaints not with Baal. 1886 
ELWORTHY W. Somerset lVord-bk., Quaint, to acquaint, 
inform. 

Hence f Q,uarnted///. a. 1 , familiar. Obs. 

1586 W. WEBBE Eng. Poetric (Arb.) 75 Heere by the 
quainted floodes and springs most holie remaining. 

t Quaint, z>. 2 Obs. Also 5 coynt(e. [In 
sense i, a. OF. cointicr t cointer, f. cointe quaint; 
in sense 2, f. QUAINT a. 10.] 

1. trans. To adorn, to make fine or beautiful. 
1483 CAXTON G. d( la Tour (1868) 167 Thus loste . . theldest 

dougnter her maryage bycause she coynted her self. ibid. 
1 68 He thenne hadde . . coynted hym self of a scarlat te gowne, 

2. To quaint it, to assume a prim air. 

1:1585 Faire Em, m. 1281 Let Mistress nice go saint it 
where she list, And coyly quaint It with dissembling face. 

Hence t Quarnted///. a. 2 (in 5 coynted). 

r 1500 Melusitte 315 In an euyl heure sawe I euer thy 
coynted body, thy facion, & thy fayre fygure. 

t Qnarntance. Obs. la 4 quoynt-, 4-6 
queynt-, (5 qw-), 6 quaynta(u)nce ; 5-7 Sc. 
quentanoe, (5 quyntans). [Cf. QUAINT v?\ 
= ACQUAINTANCE, q.v. 

c 1300 [see ACQUAINTANCE a], c 1375 Sc. Leg. Saints xxx. 
(Theodera) 85 He come to bis theodera & mad his quyntans 
..with hyr. c 1489 CAXTON Blanckardyn xx. 67 Sore 
harde was his queyntaunce to her. a 103 Lu. BERNFKS 
Huon xxx. 92 One toke queyntance ofan other. 1567 
Sattr. Poems Reform, viii. 28 For all bi quentance with be 
quene. 1603 [see ACQUAINTANCE 2]. 

t Quaintise, sb. Obs. Forms: a. 4 koint-, 
quointise, quoyntis(e, quint-, quynt-, qwynt- 
ia(e, 4-5 ooyntise, koyntis. 0. 4 qwayntyse, 
qwaiutis, 4-5 quaynty se , quantyse, qwantis 'e ; 
qucintise, queyntyse, qweyntise, 4-6 quentise 
( + variations of suffix, as -ice, -ese, -yze, etc.). 
[a. OF. cointise^ cuint-^ quentise^ etc., t. cointe^ 
queinte : see QUAINT a. and -ISE^.] 

1. Wisdom, cleverness, skill, ingenuity. 

1197 R. GLOUC. (Rolls) 1872 He ladde is kinedom Rijtuol- 
liche & suibe wel wib quoyntbe & wisdom, c 1330 Spec. 
Gy Warw. 303 pere is euere ioye inouh . . Wit andkunning 
and kointise. a 1340 HAM POLE Psalter, Cant. 519 Genge 
withouten counsayl it is and withouten quayntis. c 1415 
Seven Sag. (P.) 378 Fondys..For to holde my lyf a day 
With qweyntys of clergye. 

b. Cunning, craft, underhand dealing. 

a 1300 Cursor M. 740 (Gntt.) pe nedder bat es of suilk a 
schaft, Mast of quantise es in [v.r. and of] craft. 1300 GOWER 
Conf. I. 72 This ypocrite of hb queintise Awaitetn evere til 
she slepte. c 1450 St. Cutkbtrt (Surtees) 1847 pe deuel with 
his quayntys Will be aboute jow to suppryse. 1^80 CAXTON 
Ckron. Eng, liii. 37 Vortiger . . thought priuely in his herte 
thurgh queyntyse to bee kyng. 

2. An instance of cleverness, cunning, or craft; 
a device, stratagem, trick. 

1197 R. GLOUC. (Rolls) 445 Brut & Corineus an quointise 
hpm bi-boujte. c 13*0 Seuyn Sag. (W.) 2769 Thai ne might 
hit no lenger defende. But ase thai dede a fair queintise. 
c 1440 Ipomydon 359 She hyr bythought on a queyntyse, . . 
To wete, where of he were come. 1483 CAXTON G. de la 
Tour D viij, Suche coyntyses . . were to compare to the Cop- 
spin that made his nette to take the flyes. 

3. Cunning or skilful construction, rare. 

^1330 Artk. fy Merl, 3566 (KSlbing) J>ere bo men mi;t 
yhere be queintise of be spere, Of pe sonne, of mone & 
ster. 

4. Fine or curious dress ; fineness, elegance, or 
fancifulness in dress. 

13.. K. Alts. 173 Ladies, and damoseHs, Maken heom 
redy . . In faire atire, in divers coyntise. 13. . E. E. Allit.P. 
B. 54 pay . . schulde . . in comly quoyntls to com to his feste. 
c \ipoRom. Rose 2250 He that loveth trewely Shulde. .him 
disgysen in queyntyse. a 1450 Knt. de la Tour (1868) 146 
The queintise, the plesaunt folyes, and the foule delytis 
that haue be used for. .worldely plesaunce. [1570 LEVINS 
Manip. 148/10 A Quentise, modus, mos insolitus.\ 

5. A device, cognizance, badge, armorial bearing ; 
a coat of arms, or any cloth bearing a heraldic 
device. Cf. COINTISE. 

13. . Coer de L. 5657 A queyntyse off the kynges owen, 
Upon hys hors was i-throwen. 1:1330 Arth. fy Merl. 8671 
(Kolbing) pai [the helmets] hadde aooue riche queintise Of 
beten gold. 1375 BARBOUR Bruce xm. 183 Armorts and 
quyntis that thai bare. 

I Quaintise, v. Oh. Forms: 4 queintise, 
5 queyntiae, coyntise. [? f. prec., or a. OF. 
cointiss'i lengthened stem of cointirl\ trans. To 
beautify, adorn, dress finely. 

1390 GOWER Conf. II I. 358 Sondri thinges wel devised, I sih, 
wherof thei ben queintised. c 1430 Pilgr. Lyf Manhode \\. 
iii. (1869) 77 He weeneth he be now wel arayed and queyn- 
tised ! 1483 CAXTON G. de la Tour C iij, They haue so 
many gownes wherof they coyntyse and araye their bodyes. 

Hence f Quaintising vbl. sb. t adornment, decora- 
tion. Obs. 

c 1430 Pilgr. Lyf Manhode H. civ. (1869) 113 Garnementes 
of velewet beten with gold and siluer and oothere queyn- 
tisinges. 

Quaintish. (kw^-ntij), a. [f. QUAINT a. + 
-ISH !.] Somewhat quaint. 
1594 WILLOBIE Avis* (1880) 53 Your quaintish quirkcs can 



14 

want no mate. 1796 LAMB Let. to Coleridge in Final Mem. 
i. 195 The concluding simile is far-fetched 'tempest- 
honoured ' is a quaintish phrase. 1862 SHIRLEY Nveae Crit. 
M. 440 The laureate has alluded to the present effect.. in 
some nappy but quaintish lines. 

So Quai'ntlike a. 

1844 Blockit'. Mag. LVI. 159 Good and quaintlike old 
gentle rhymes they are. 

Quaintly (kw^ntli), adv. Forms : as QUAINT 
a - + 3-5 -liok(e, -lych(e, -Ii, 4-6 -lye, 4- -ly. 
Camp. 4 queyntlyer, 7 quaintlier. Sup. 4 
queyntlokest, quoyntelucst. [f. QUAINT a. + 



tL Skilfully, cleverly, ingeniously, so as to ac- 
complish some act or attain some end. Obs. 

1297 R. GLOUC (Rolls) 3324 po bibo^te vortiger . . hou he 
mi^te do quoyntelucst [vj~. queyntlokest] fiat he him sulf 
were king. ^1330 R. BRUNNE Chron. Wace (Rolls) 1128 
pe kynges brother & y Ar skaped out fol queyntely. c 1400 
Destr. Troy 164 Thus coyntly it kept was all with clene art, 
1429 tr. Sccreta Secret., Priv. Priv. 167 A newe Payne he 
founde, by the whyche fals luges queyntly he chastid. 1513 
DOUGLAS SEneis x. xi. heading^ Juno rycht quayntly causis 
Turnus to flee. 1593 R. HARVEY Philad. 21 He and his 
surveyed it quantitatively and queintly to the purpose. 
i6 DEKKER Land. Triumph. Wks. 1873 III. 253 A song 
is heard ; the musicke being queintly comieyecl in a priuate 
room, and not a person discouered. 71708 PRIOR Turtle <y 
Sparrow 263 Those points, indeed^you quaintly prove, But 
logic is no friend to love. 1714 GAY Sheph. Week i. 79, I 
queintly stole a kiss. 

t b. Cunningly, craftily. Obs. 

-11300 Cursor M. 741 (Gott.) Quaintli taght he htm be 
ginne, Hu he suld at be wijf bigine. 1387 TREVISA Higden 
(Rolls) VII. 137 Some men tolde bat pis Harold was a 
sowter sone, and queyntly [L. dolose} underput by pe for- 
seide Elgiue. c 1400 Destr. Troy 11228 Cast is hit cointly 
by thies kene traytours. .pryarn to lose. 

t 2. With ingenious art, so as to produce some- 
thing artistic, curious, or elaborate, Obs. 

a 1300 Leg. Rood (1871) 30 (Ashm.) Salomon it let velle 
and newe as queinteliche as he mute. 13. . Coerde L. 1387 
He leet mak a tour ful strong, That queyntly engynours 
made, c 1384 CHAUCER H. Fame in. 833 Domus Dedali .. 
Nas maad so wonderliche, y-wis, Ne half so queynteliche 
y-wrought. c 1440 ipomyaon 1641 He ,. shove hym bothe 
byhyna & byfore, Queyntly endentyd oute and in. 1513 
DOUGLAS sErteis v. vi. 125 A riche schield, wrocht quentlie. 
1593 SHAKS. 3 Hen. VI t it. v. 34 To carue out Diajls 

?ueintly, point by point. 1653 URQUHART Rabelais i. Ivii. 
. 348 They could speak five or sixe several languages, and 
compose in them all very quaintly. 

f 8. Finely, elegantly ; in a pretty and attractive 
manner. Obs. 

1340 Ayenb. 47 Hy sseawep and di}te}j ham be more 
quayntehche .. uor to maki musi be foles to ham. la 1366 
CHAUCER Rom. Rose 783 Her-of lyth no remembraunce. 
How that they daunted queyntely. c 1430 Pilgr. Lyf 
Manhode \. cxxxix. (1869) 72 She hadde now arayed me 
queyntliche and nobleche. 1490 CAXTON Eneydos x. 40 
Wyth the ladyes he byhaued him soo queyntli swete . . and 
curtoys. 159* GREENE Upst. Courtier in Harl. Misc. 
(Main.) II. 347 A murrey cloth gowne . . which he quaintly 
bare vp, to shew his white tafTata hose, c 1610 ROWLANDS 
Terrible Battelly. The quaintly suted Courtier in attyre. 

4. In a curious, odd, or old-fashioned, but pleasing 
or attractive manner. 

178* COWFER Lett. 18 Nov., A tale ridiculous in itself and 

Siaintly told. 1816 I. WILSON City of Plague i. iii. 176 
ne quaintly apparell'd like a surpliced priest Led the 
procession. 1855 PRESCOTT Philip //, I. i. ix. 129 His 
anger, as his secretary quaintly remarks, was more than 
was good for his health. 1867 TKOLLOPE Chron. Barset II. 
xlv. ii She had added the date in quaintly formed figures. 
1870 LUBBOCK Orig. Cwiliz. iv. (1875) 178 A father's sister, 
quaintly enough, is called father. 

Quaintness (kw^-ntnes). Also 4 queynt- 
ness, 5 qwhayntnes, 6 queint-, queyntnesse. 
[f. QUAINT a. + -NESS.] The quality or condition 
of being quaint, in various senses of the adj. 

13 .. Coer de L. 1836 Al we should us venge fond, With 
queyntness and with strength of bond. 1483 Cath. Angl. 
296/1 A Qwhayntnes ; vbi wylynes. 1593 DRAYTON Eclogues 
ix. 133 The easie turnes and queyntnesse of the Song. 1603 
FLORIO Montaigne i. xxv. (1632) 80 All niceness and quaint- 
nesse in clothing, ifiao T. V. tr. Serm. du Moulin 11 
A vulgar stile, destitute of quaintnesse and eloquence. 1702 
Engl, Theofhrast. 234 Some make the quaintness of their 
wit, to consist in employing bad Instruments. 1765 BLACK- 
STONE Comm. I. 72 Coke ; a man of infinite learning . . 
though not a little infected with the pedantry and quaintness 
of the times he lived in. 1866 GEO. ELIOT F. Holt H.xxiii. 
122 There's a simplicity and quaintness about the lettei 
which rather pleases me. 

b. A particular instance of this. 

1642 MILTON Apol. Sweet, xi. Wks. (1851) 3*3 Which .. 
must needs be a strange quaintnesse in ordinary prayer. 
1830 H. N. COLERIDGE Grk. Poets (1834) 90 The indecorums 
and quaintnesses with which Homer may be reproached. 
183* L. HUNT Poems Pref. 15 The occasional quaintnesses 
..which formerly disfigured the story of Rimini. 

f Quaintrelle. Obs. rare 1 . In 5 queynt-. 
[a. OF. (^queint-} cointerelle fern, ofcoinferel beau, 
fop, f. cointe QUAINT a.~\ A finely-dressed woman. 

ciqy* Pilgr. Lyf Manhode in. xlvii. (1869) t6o It folweth 
nouht that thouh j be thus wel kembt, and a litel make the 
queyntrelle [F. me monstre cointerelle} that for swich cause 
j am fair. 

f Quai'ntry. Obs. rare 1 . In 5 queynterye. 
[a. OF. queint', cointerie f. as prec.] Finery. 

1483 CAXTON G. de la Tour C iv, The tenthe parte of your 
queynteryes and noblesses myght refresshe . . moo than xi 
persones agcynst the cold. 



QUAKE. 

Quairje, obs. form of QUIRE sb., WHKBE adv. 

Quaire, variant of QUARRY a. 

Quairn, dial, variant of QUERN. 

Quaisie, quaisy, obs. forms of QOEAST. 

Quait, dial. var. QUIET a. ; obs. f. QUOIT sb. and v. 

f Quait, v. Obs. rare. In 5 qwaite. [Of 
obscure origin : the qw- may represent w&-.] ?To 
wait, await. 

a 1400-50 A lexandtr 1 109 Quen ne in quat time sal qwaite 

1 /'/'/. J/.V. falle]^e)>isaunter Enquire me 11031 |>at question. 
c 1400 Destr. Troy 13245 There the qwene with hir qwaintis 
qwaitid me to cacche. 

Quaives, pi. of quaif, obs. var. COIF. 

Quake (kw*k), sb. [f. the vb.] 

t The act of quaking or trembling ; spec, in mod. 
use, an earthquake. 

Rare as an independent sb., except in very recent use, but 
not infrequent as the second element in combs., as church-, 
house., ice-, kingdom., state-quake, EARTH-QUAKE. 

a 1300 Cursor M. 27362^6 dai o wrelh, o quak, and soru. 
c 1340 Ibid. 927 (Tnn.) Til pou turne a^eyn in quake To 
pat erpe pou were of take. 1617-77 FKLTHAM Resolves \. ii. 

2 The quakes and shakes of Fortune, a 1643 SUCKLING 
Love's World in Fragm. A urea (1648) 1 1 As the Earth may 
sometimes shake, (For winds shut up will cause a quake). 



distinct, vibrations. 

2. A stretch of quake-ooze. 

1896 Blackw. Mag. May 770 They rose in a body and made 
for the quakes. 

Quake vkw^'k), z;.l Forms : Inf. \ cwacian, 
(owaeo-, ouaeo-), 2-3 quakie(n, (2 kwak-, 3 
owak-, 4 quakijen, 4 quaky), 4-5 quaken, (5 
qvakyn, whakyn , 4-6 qwake, 4- quake, (4 
quak, quack, 5 qvake, 5- north, whake. 5-6 Sc. 
quaik, 9 Sc. quack, quauk). Pa. t. i oweoede, 
cwaecade, cwacode, 3 cwakede, 3-4 quakede, 
4- quaked, (4 -id, 6 Sc. -et) ; also north. 4-5 
quok, (4 qwok, quook), 4-6 quoke, quook, 
qwooke, 5 .Sc. quouk, quowke, 6 quooke, 
Sc. qu(h)oik, quuik, 7 dial, whook't. [OE. 
cwaeian, not found in the cognate langs. ; the stem 
cwac- is also the base of OE. cwfccan QUETCH, and 
the same initial combination occurs in other words 
implying agitation or instability, as quave, quap, 
quag (cf. note to QUAGMIRE). The strong form of 
the pa. t. in northern dialects is on anal, of shake, 
shook.'] 

1. intr. Of things : To shake, tremble, be agitated, 
as the result of external shock, internal convulsion, 
or natural instability. 

Most frequently used, from the earliest period, with ref. 
to the earth (cf. EARTHQUAKE), and now somewhat rare even 
in this connexion. 

c 8*5 Vesp. Psalter ciii. 32 Se JelocaS in eorSan & doe3 
hie cwaecian. ^893 K. ALFRED Oros. n. vi. 3 Ofer call 
Romana rice seo eorpe wses cwaciende & berstende. c 1175 
Lamb. Horn. 143 Eorpe seal kwakien on his ecsene. c 1205 
LAY. 27111 pa wal of stanen [sculden] quakien and fallen. 
a 1300 Cursor M. 7260 He it scok, Sua fast bat al be hus 
quok. 1398 TREVISA Barth. De P. R. xvll. clix. (1495) 708 
The Byrche . . meuyth and quakith wyth a ryght softe blaste 
of wynde. 1412-10 LVDG. Ckron. Troy 11. x. (1513) E v, I fele 
also My penne quake, and tremble in my honde. 1513 
DOUGLAS ^?nmiu. x. 34 The land all haill of Itaile trumbillit 
and quhoik. 1596 DALRYMPLE tr. Leslie's Hist. Scot. vm. 
1 29 Erdquakes . . war hard, kirkes quaket and trimblet vehe- 
mentlie. 1810 SCOTT Lady of L. i. xii, With boughs that 
quaked at every breath, Grey birch and aspen wept beneath. 
1871 ROSSETTI Ltrve's Nocturn vii, Quakes the pall, And 
the funeral goes by. 

2. Of persons or animals, or parts of the body : 
To shake, tremble, a. By reason of cold or other 
physical cause. Now rare. 

c 1000 /KLI-RIC Horn. I. 132 Da te3 cwaciaS on swiSlicum 
cyle. Ibid. II.3i2lc. . cwacode eal on fefore. ai*i$yntiana 
21 [He] inwiS bearnde of brune..& cwakede as of calde. 
01300 Cursor M. 5106 Israel wit bis vplepp .. bat quak 
[v.r. quake] wit ilka hm was won. 1361 LANGL. P. PI. A. 
xi. 46 Carful mon may crien .. Bothe of hungur and of 
thurst, and for chele quake, c 1480 Tmtmeley Myst. xxviii. 
70 When I for care and colde qwoke by a fyre burnyng full 
bright. 1501 DOUGLAS Pal. Hon. \. Iviii, Skrymmorie fery 
gaue me mony a clowre For Chyppynutie ful oft my chaftis 
quuik. 1555 EDKN Decades 12 Suche as inhabyte the 
mountaynes, syt quakynge for coulde in the wynter season. 
1611 SHAKS. Cytiio. H. iv. 5, [1] quake in the present winters 
state, and wish That warmer dayes would come. 1784 
COWPER Task iv. 385 [She] Retires, content to quake so 
they be warm'd. 1853 KANE Grinnell jrf. xxxvii. (1856) 
338 Came back again, dinnerless, with legs quaking. 

b. Through fear. Freq. (o quake for fear or 
dread ; also to quake at, ^for (the object of dread ), 
and for (a thing or person in danger). 

a 900 CYNEWULF Crist 797 ponne cene cwacap, xehyrerS 
cyning ma;5lan. cejgo Lindisf. Gasp. Luke viii. 47 psct wif 
..cuaccende[/?s/m'. cwacende] cuom, & gefeall fore fotum 
his. 01115 Leg. Kath. 1534 |>e king..bigon to cwakien & 
nuste hwet seggen. a 1300 Cursor M. 12837 For drednes 
ilk lira him quok. c 1330 R. BRUNNE Chron. It'ace (Rolls) 
10726 Tounes, castels, for hym bey quok. c 1386 CHAUCER 
Frankl. T. 132 For verray feere sowolde hir herte quake 
That on hire feet she myghte hire noght sustene. c 1460 
Ttntmeley Myst. vii. 182 Eueryman shall whake and gryse 
Agans that ilk dome. 1558 KNOX First Blast (Arb.) 32 
They reuerence them, and qwake at their presence. 1582 
STANYHURST sEiteis n. (Arb.) 68 Voong children ..With 



QUAKE. 

cold hert moothers, for Greekish victorye quaking. 1603 
DRAYTON Bar. If 'ars vi. Ixxxvii, That ne'er quayles me, at 
which your greater quake. 1641 HINDE J. Bruen xlvii. 154 
At which lime, .the Devill will quake, yea he doth quake for 
feare now. 1711 AomsoN Spect. No. 44 f i The sounding 
of the Clock in I'enite Preserved, makes the Hearts of the 
whole Audit-nee quake. 1759 ROBKRTSON Hist. Scot. \\\\. 
Wks. 1813 II. 52 The fellow in the .study stood quaking and 
trembling. 1800 WELLINGTON Let. to Lieut. Col. Close in 
Gurw. De$p. (1837) I. 103, I quake for the fort at Mun- 
serabad. 1847 J. WILSON Chr. North (1857) II. 22 Our 
heart quaked too desperately to suffer us to shriek. i88a 
OUIDA Maremma I. 18 His name was a terror that made 
the dead quake in their graves. 

reft, a 1300 Cursor M. 19633 (Gott.) Saul him quok, sua 
was he rad. 

f c. With anger. Obs. rare. 

1330 R. BRUNNE Chron. (1810) 292 pe kyng his wordes 
toke wrabefully tille herte, For ire nere he quoke. ("1374 
CHAUCER Boeth. iv. pr. iit. 94 (Camb. MS.) Yif he be dis- 
tempre and qunkith for Ire, men shal weene bat he berej> 
the corage of a lyon. 

f 3. trans. To cause to quake. Obs. 

1398 TREVISA Bartk. De P. R. x. v. (1495) 377 A full lytyll 

uftynge of wynde quakyth and styryth flamme. 1607 
HAKS. Cor. i. ix. 6 Where ladies shalt be frighted, And 
quak'd, heare more. 1614 H. GREENWOOD Jayle 
liv, 468 The property of the Law is to humble and quake 
us for our sins. 1639 HEYWOOD Loud, peaceable Est. Wks. 
1874 V. 372 Cannon. .Quaking the bellowing Ayre. 

4. Comb.) as f quake-belly, a fat-bellied person ; 
f quake-breech ,-buttoek, one wanting in courage ; 
f quakeful a,, causing fear or quaking ; f quake- 
mire, a quagmire ; also as vb., to quagmire ; quake- 
ooze, soft trembling ooze j quake-tail Ornith. (see 
quot. 1894). 

1622 MABBE tr. Alemarfs Guzman d*Alf. 223 They will 
all forsooth be alike, the tall man as the short, the *Quack- 
belly as the Scranio. c 1590 in Drake Seer. Mem. Earl 
Leicester (1706) 118, I shall surely be *Quack-breech and 
think every Bush a Boggle. 1616 WITHALS Diet. 400 
Excor$i . . a faint hearted fellow, a quake-breech, a 1616 
BEAUM. & FL. Wit atSev. Weap. i. i, Stand putting in one 
foot, and shiver, .. like a *quake-buttock. 1609 HEYWOOD 
Brit. Troy xin. xxxii, All imbrude in fight, His *Quakefull 
hand and sword so often rearing. 1577 STANYHURST Descr. 
/re/, in Holinshed (1807-8) VI. 21 He was forced to fasten 
the *quakemire with hurdels, and upon them to build the 
citie. 1583 STOCKER Civ. Warres Lowe C. u. 70 a, His 
horse was gotten into a quackmyre. 1599 CHAPMAN Hum. 
dayes Myrth Plays 1873 I. 73 Howe nowe my liege ! what, 

Siackemyred in Philosophic. 1898 Daily News 23 Nov. 6/2 
ver a lot of *quake-ooze flats, where a boat could not get. 
1855 OGILVIE Imp. Diet. Suppl. *Quake-taiL 1894 NEWTON 
Diet. Birds, Quake-tail^ a book-name invented for the 
Yellow Wagtailand its allies, after they had been generically 
separated from Motacilla as Budytes. 

t Quake, int. and v2 Obs. Also Sc. 6 quaik, 
8 -ck, [Imitative : see QUACK, and cf. Du. kwaken, 
G. quaken to croak, quack.] = QUACK int. and v. 

a 1599 SKKLTON E. Rumniyng 506 Quake, quake, sayd the 
duck. 1549 Compl, Scot. vi. 39 The dukis cryit quaik. 1567 
HARMANQw*/(i869) 83 A quakinge chete or a redshanke, 
a drake or ducke. 1785 BURNS Addr. Deil viii, An eld- 
ritch, stoor quaick, quaick. 

Quaker (kw^-kai). [f. QUAKE 2.1 + -EK 1 .] One 
who, or that which, quakes. 

1. pi, = QUAKING-GRASS. Midi. dial. 
iS97GERARDE/^>-/>a/i.lvii.8i Phalaris pratensis is called 

in Cheshire about Namptwich, Quakers and Shakers. 1611 
COTGR., Amourettes, the grasse tearmed, Quakers, and 
Shakers, or quaking grasse. i6i7M]NSHEU/?wc^?-,Quackers, 
or quaking grasse. 1882 W. Wore. Gloss. 1890 Glouc. Gloss. 

2. With capital Q : A member of the religious 
society (the Society of Friends) founded by George 
Fox in 1648-50, distinguished bypeaceful principles 
and plainness of dress and manners. 



It appears, however, from a letter of intelligence, written at 
London on Oct. 14, 1647, that the name had previously been 
applied to the members of some foreign religious sect : ' I 
heare of a Sect of woemen (they are at Southworke) come 
from beyond Sea, called Quakers, and these swell, shiver, 
and shake, and when they come to themselves (for in all 
this fitt Mahomett's holy-ghost hath bin conversing with 
them) they begin to preache what hath bin delivered to 
them by the Spiritt' (Clarendon MSS. No. 2624). It thus 
seems probable that Bennet merely employed a term already 
familiar, and quite appropriate as descriptive of Fox's earlier 
adherents (cf. quots. 1654, 1694, and see QUAKING vbl. si'. 
and///, a. 2). The name has never been adopted by the 
Friends themselves, but is not now regarded as a term of 
reproach. 

1653 H. R. (title} A Brief Relation of the Irreligion of the 
Northern Quakers. 1654 E. TERRILL in R. Barclay's Inner 
Life (1876) 317 Thus, they coming as foretold, they were not 
known, but afterwards they were called by the name of 
' Quakers ', from people's shaking and quaking that received 
them and their doctrine. 1656 EVELYN Mem. (1857) I. 332, 
I had the curiosity to visit some Quakers here in prison : 
a new fanatic sect, of dangerous principles, who shew no 
respect to any man, magistrate, or other. 1679 Trial of 
Langhorn 53 He is no Quaker, for he hath got a Perriwig 
on. 1694 DE LA PRYME Diary (Surtees) 53 The Quakers . . 
do not now quake, and howl, and foam with their mouths, 
as they did formerly. 1731 Gentl. Mag. I. 60 The practice 
of the people called Quakers, who maintain none of their 
poor in idleness that are able to work. 1771 SMOLLETT 
Humph. Cl. 26 June, By his garb, one would have taken 
him for a quaker, but he had none of the stiffness of that 
sect. 1837 W. IRVING Capt. BonmvilU I. 183 In one respect, 
their religion partakes of the pacific doctrines of the Quakers. 
1876 BANCROFT Hist. U, -V. I. *. j6 3 The early Quakers in 



15 

New England displayed little of the mild philosophy, .of 
Penn. 

b. transf. Applied to various plain-coloured 
birds and moths, with allusion to the colour of 
the dress usually worn by Quakers. 

() A small bird of the Falkland Islands. ( The sooty 
albatross, (c) The nankeen-bird, or Australian night-heron. 
(</) One of several noctuid moths, esp. Agrotis castanea. 

1775 CLAYTON Falkland Islands in Phil. Trans. LXVI. 
105 Of small birds there are several sorts ; the red breast, 
. . the white throat ; the quaker, from its plumage being of 
the colour those people wear. 1894 NEWTON Diet. Birds, 
Quaker, a sailor's name for the Dusky Albatross, Phoebetria, 
fitligiiiosa. 

C. ellipt. for quaker-gun, -hat. 

c 1754 GARRICK Epil. to Fielding* Fathers, The high- 
cocked, half-cocked quaker, and the slouch, Have at ye all ! 
1829 J. SHIPP Mem, ix. (1890) 139 The man of authority in 
size not much larger than a quaker. 1840 R. H. DANA Bef. 
Mast xxvii. 88 A Russian government bark, . . mounting 
eight guns (four of which we found to be quakers). 

3. altrib. and Comb, (from sense 2). a. simple 
attrib. : Of or pertaining to the Society of Friends 
or its members ; as quaker (or Quaker') bonnet, 
doctrine, dress, meditation, pride, etc. to. simila- 
tive, as quaker-like adj. and adv., -looking adj. C. 
special combs. : quaker-bird, the sooty albatross ; 
quaker-buttons (t/.S.), the seeds of nux vomica ; 
quaker-colour, a drab or grey colour ; so quaker- 
cohuredzd].; quaker-grass, quaking-grass (Halli- 
well) ; quaker gun ( U. S.), a dummy gun in a ship 
or fort ; quaker-ladies ( f/.S.), the small pale-blue 
flowers of the American plant Houstonia cserti/ea ; 
quaker-linen (see quot. 1788) ; quaker-meeting 
(also Quakers'), a religious meeting of the Society 
of Friends ; transf. a silent meeting (alluding to 
the Friends' custom of remaining silent until moved 
by the spirit) ; quaker moth (see 2 b) ; quaker 
string, a form of string for a stair. 

1859 GEO. ELIOT A. Bale iii, Dinah had taken off her 
little *quaker bonnet again. 1818 Black. Mag. HI. 406 
Solemn suits Of customary snuff or *quaker-colour. c 1770 
T. ERSKINE Barber in Poet. Reg. (1810) 331 Simplicity . . 
Waves in the eye of Heav'n her *Quaker-colour d wings. 
1856 R. A. VMJCHAN Mystics (1860) II. xl. ii. 222 The 
*Quaker doctrine concerning stillness and quiet. 18x2 
CRABBE Tales ix. Wks. (1834) V. 13 Young Zelinda, in her 
*quaker-dress. 1809 W. IRVING Knickerb. iii. (1820) 240 
A formidable battery of *quaker guns. 1680 R. WARE 
Foxes # Firebrands n. (1682) 103 He . . *Quaker-like, thou'd 
and thee'd Oliver. 18x8 SCOTT Hrt. Midi, xxvii, Her love 
of and veneration for truth was almost quaker-like. 1838 
LYTTON A lice i. i, A stiff cap of quaker-like simplicity. 1788 
WESLEY Wks. (1872) VII. 24 Let there be no "Quaker-linen, 
proverbially so called, for their exquisite fineness. 1793 
WOLCOTT (P. Pindar) Ode to Irony Wks. 1812 III. 39 Who 
laughest not, thou "Quaker-looking wight. 1835 WILLIS 
P^eitcillings II. 1. 95 After sitting awhile in "quaker medita- 
tion. 1751 J. BROWN Shaftesb. Ckaraf. 32 The finest 
speaker . . would in vain point the thunder of his eloquence 
on a "quaker-meeting. 1821 [see. QUAKERESS], 1861 HUGHES 
Tom Brown at Oxf.^ xxvi, Isn't it very ridiculous.. that we 
four should be standing here in a sort of Quakers' meeting. 
1819 G. SAMOUELLE Entomol. Compend. 363 "Quaker moth. 
176 . WILKES Carr. (1805) II I. 77 That "quaker pride, which 
is the most disgusting thing in the world. 1825 J. NICHOL- 
SON Oferat, Mechanic 598 Sometimes the risers are mitred 
to the brackets, and sometimes mitred with "quaker strings. 

Hence Qua kerdom, Quakers as a class, Quaker- 
ism. QuakeTian, Qnakeric, f Quakeri'stical 
adjs., Quakerly, Quakerish. Quakeriza tion, the 
action of Quakerizing. Qna'kerize v., to convert 
into a Quaker ; to affect with qualities character- 
istic of a Quaker. Qtia'kership, the condition of 
being a Quaker. ) Qna'kery, Quakerism. 

1839 CAROLINE Fox Jrnls. (1882) 42 He spoke very civilly 
of modern "Quakerdom. 1855 Tail's Mag. XXII. 445 
Ellwood was a convert to Quakerdom. 1827 HARE Guesses 
(1867) 132 The Jacobinical metonomatosis of the months., 
might be lopkt upon as a parody of the "Quakerian. 1847 
MACAULAY in Trevelyan Life II. 215 Translate the follow- 
ing passage into the "Quakeric dialect. 1685 Answ. Dk. 



5 JUec., INo amount of *ql 

could render the car uncomfortable. 1825 Miss MITFORD 
in L'Estrangeii/ir (1870) II. 198 She is all over "Quakerized, 
as you of course know. 1826 B. BARTON Select., etc. (1849) 6 
'Twould be cook-ship versus "Quaker-ship. 1673 HALLY- 
WELL Ace. Familism iv. 75 "Quakery, though it pretend 
high, is mere Sadducism at the Bottom. 1688 BUKYAN 
Heavenly Footman (1886) 156 Thou may'st stumble and fall, 
. . both in ranting and quakery. 

Quakeress (kw^'-ksres). [f. QUAKER + -ESS.] 

A female Quaker. 

1764 STF.WARDSON (title) Spiritual Courtship, or, The Rival 
Quakeresses. 1821 LAMB Elia Ser. i. Quakers Meeting, 
Every Quakeress is a lily. 1827 HONE Everyday Bk. II. 
no Three young quakeresses had a sort of semi-bathing. 
1852 MRS. STOWE Uncle Tom's C. xiii. 116 A burst of joy 
from the little Quakeress interrupted the speech. 

Quakerish (kw^'karij), a. [f. as prec. + -ISH.] 
a. Of persons : Resembling Quakers in character 
or manners. b. Of things: Characteristic of, 
appropriate to, Quakers. 

1787 M. CUTLER in Lift, Jrnh. $ Corr. (1888) I. 210 We 
were very Quakerish, every man attending close to the 
business of eating, without uttering scarcely a word. 1822 
\.\VLV Lett., to Bernard Barton \\\. 113 Your plain Quakerish 
beauty has captivated me. 1847 C. liKUNJE J. byre xxiv, 



QUAKY. 

I am your plain, Quakerish governess. 1876 GEO. ELIOT 
Dan, Der. I. 354 A motherly figure of quaker ish neatness. 

Hence Qua'kerishly adv. 

1886 <>. AI.LEN Jl/aif>;fSs .Sake xxxlii, So quaintly and 
quakerishly pretty. 

Quakerism (kwvi-korizm). [f. as prec. + -ISM.] 
The principles or practice of the Quakers or 
Society of Friends. 

1656 in Brand Hist. Neivcastle (1780) U. 235 A great 
apostacy..to popery, quakerisme and afl manner of heresy. 
1751 CHESTERF. Lett, ccxxxi, Plainness, simplicity, and 
Quakerism, either in dress or manners. 1776-01 PAINE 
Com. Sense App. Addr. Quakers 81 The love and desire of 
peace is not confined to Quakerism. 1856 R. A. VAUGHAN 
Mystics (1860) II. xi. i. 214 The elements of Quakerism lie 
all complete in the personal history of Fox. 

Quakerly (kw^-kajli), a. [f. as prec. + -LY^.] 
Like a Quaker ; befitting a Quaker. 



_ Drry to 

him grow so Quakerly. 1829 MACAULAY Misc. Writ. (1860) 
I. 284 They therefore affect a quakerly plainness. 

Quakerly (kw^'-kojli), adv. [f. as prec. + -LY 2 .] 
After the fashion of a Quaker. 

1696 C. LESLIE Snake in Grass (1697) 368 What Quaker, 
or Quakerly-Affected Council drew up this Answer for him? 
1826 LAMB Let. to B. Barton in Final Mem. viii. 259 Do I 
write quakerly and simply, 'tis my. .intention to do it. 1847 
MRS. CARLYLE Lett. II. 6 If 'you feel a stop ' (Quakerly 
speaking), best to let it have way. 

Quakery : see under QUAKER. 
Qua-kiness. [f. QUAKY a.] The condition of 
being quaky (Webster, 1864). 
Quaking (kw^-kirj), -vbl. sb. [f. QDAKE &.! + 

-ING 1 .] 

1. The action of the vb. QUAKE in various senses. 

cB*$ Vcsp. Psalter liv. 6 E^e & cwaecung cwomun ofer 
mec. c looo ^LFRIC Horn. 1. 504 Waes se munt Garganus 
bifijende mid ormsetre cwacunge. 1*97 R. GLOUC. (Rolls) 
6894 pat heo. .steppe mid folle vot wiboute quakinge. c 1374 
CHAUCER Anel. <5- Arc, 214 Tumid is in quakynge all my 
daunce. ^1450 LVDG. & BURGH Secrees 1652 Rennyng 
afftir mete and also rydyng, . . cause wyl a seknesse callyd 
quakyng. 0:1548 HALL Ckron., Hen. YUI (1550) 199 b, He 
and the Quene, and the Ladyes, fled out of their Palace . . 
and sodeinly the quakyng seassed. 1656 RIDGLEY Pract. 
Physick 136 The Symptoms, as quaking, nauseating, do shew 
. . new matter is recollected. 1855 BAIN Sens. $ Int. n. iv. 
18 (1864) 285 A tremulous quaking is the characteristic of 
Fear. 1875 LYELL Princ. Geol. II. n. xxviii. 107 The in- 
cessant quaking of the ground for several successive months. 

f2. spec, with ref. to the behaviour of the early 
Quakers ; hence, Quakerism. Obs. 

1653 H. R. Brief R el. Irrelig. North. Quakers 17 Their 
Quakings are very like the Fits of that Child mentioned, 
Mark 9. 1669 (title") Truth Triumphant, in a Dialogue be- 
tween a Papist and a Quaker.. Wherein (I suppose) is made 
Manifest that Quaking is the Off-Spring of Popery. 1671 
R. HEAD Etig. Rogne n. xxxii. 307 Falling from Ranting 
to Quaking. 

Quaking (kw^-kirj), ///. a. [f. as prec. + 
-ING 2.] 

1. That quakes, in senses of the vb. 

c looo ^LFRIC Horn. II. 32 Seo cwacfoende swustor. c 1375 
Sc. Leg. Saints xxvii. {Machor) 1018 Jeit b;in with quaquand 
voice said he [etc. ]. c 1440 LYDG. Secrees 334 With quakyng 
penne my consceyt to expresse. 1508 DUNBAR Goldyn 
Targe 156 Schamefull Abaising, And quaking Drede. 1586 
WARNER Alb. Eng. \. v. (1612) 16 The queaking heards-man 
scarce had said thus much. 1728 POPE Dune. u. 292 Slow 
circles dimpled o'er The quaking mud, that clos'd, and op'd 
no more. 184* BRANDE Diet. Science 1008 Quaking bog, 
peat bog . . so saturated with water that a considerable extent 
of surface will quake or shake, when pressed on by the foot. 
1875 LYELL Princ. Geol. II. in. xliv. 510 Cattle venturing 
on a ' quaking moss ' are often mired. 

f2. That is, or befits, a Quaker; Quaker-. Obs. 

1654 BURROUGH & HOWGIL Answ. Queries in Farmer 
Myst. Godl. fy Ungodl, 37 A paper which was directed to 
Rich. Roper, and to his Quaking friend [etc.]- 1675 HALLY- 
WELL Ace. Familism v. 94 If the Quaking Generation shall 
object and say, that this was under the Law. 1717 MRS. 
CENTLIVRE Bold Stroke for a Wife Dram. Pers., Simon 
Pure, a quaking preacher. 1710 DE FOE CaPt. Singleton 
xi. (1840) 191 He . . put it off with some quaking quibble. 
1755 J. SHEBBEARE Lydia (1769) I. 310 Lydia's misfortunes 
commence from the source of quaking probity. 

Qua-king-gra:SS. [f. prec.J A popular name 
for grasses of the genus Briza, esp. B. media. 



_ _ _ __ 1794. 
stalks of which are so slender as to be "moved by every 
wind ; whence they have obtained the name of Quaking- 
grasses. 1848 C. A. JOHNS Week at Lizard 294 Briza 
minor, Small Quaking-grass, is one of the most elegant of 
the British grasses. i88a Garden 14 Jan. 28/3 Briza 
maxima and gracilis are two of the best of the Quaking 



grasses. 



Quakingly (kw^'kinli), adv. [f. as prec.+ 
-Lv2.] Tremblingly ; with quaking or fear. 

1566 DRANT Horace, Sat. i. i. A lij, What vayles it the so 
quakinglye to grubbe and grip the moulde. a 1586 SIDNEY 
Arcadia (1622)232 Neuer pen did more quakingly performe 
his office. 1868 HOLMK LEE B. God/rey xii. 63 Joan went 
rather quakingly. . to prefer her petition. 

Quakke : see QUACK sb* 

Quaky (kw^'*ki), a. [f. QUAKE W.1 + -T 1 .] In- 
clined to quake; of the nature of quaking. 

1864 in WEBSTER. 1865 Morn. Star 5 July, King Pam. 
I feel quite quaky. Brand. Nay, my good lord, be not at 
shadows shaky. 1869 TJIACKKKAY AV^W. i'tipcrs xxix. 326 



QUALB. 

So old and toothless and quaky that she can't sing a bit. 
1884 H. COLLINCWOOD Under Meteor Flag 88 A curious 
quaky sensation which had for a moment oppressed me. 
Qual, obs. form of WHALE sb. 
t Quale *. Obs. [OE. fwalu = ON. kv?l (stem 
kvaT-} torment, torture, f. *ktval- ablaut-var. of 
*kwel- : see QUELE, QUELL. The vowel is long in 
OS. quala (MDu. qutile, Du. kwaal, LG. quaal), 
OHG. quala, chwdla t etc. (MHG. quale, qua!, etc., 
G. ^a/).] Death, destruction, mortality. 

900 tr. Bxda's Hist. II. xi. [xiv.] (1890) 138 Se cyning mid 
arleasre cwale of slegen waes. c 1000 Ags. Ps. (Th.) xxix. 8 
Drihten, hu nyt is fe min slaege, obbe min cwalu. ^1175 
Lamb. Horn. 121 God ne sparede na his a^ene berne ; ac $ef 
hine to cwale for us alle. c i5 LAY. 31807 pat quale com 
on orue vnimete swiSe. 

b. Comb., as quale-house, house of torture; 
quale-sithe, death from pestilence. 

c xw>5 LAV. 727 Vt of J>on quarterne, of ban quale-huse 
[c 1175 cwal-huse], /bid. 3769. /bid. 31900 Heo . . cudden 
heore cunne of heore quale-siSe. 

II Quale 2 (kw^-h"). [L., neut. sing, of qualis of 
what kind.] The quality of a thing; a thing having 
certain qualities. 

1675 [Bp. CROFT] Naked Truth 25 The quid, the giiale, 
the quantum^ and such-tike quacksalving forms, a 1679 
T. GOODWIN Govt. Ch. Christ xi. Wks. 16^7 IV. 94 The 
Quale, or what sort of Bodies. .Christ hath instituted, is to 
be afterward discussed. 1768-74 TUCKER Lt. Nat. (1834) 
1 1. 462 Qualities . . cannot actually subsist, though they may 
be thought of, without a quale to possess them. 1875 
JOWETT Plato (ed. a) 1. 270 When I do not know the ' quid ' 
of anything how can I know the 'quale'? 

Quale, obs. f. QUAIL sb. and v., WHALE sb. 

Qualifiable, a. rare. [f. QUALIFY v. + -ABLE.] 
That may be qualified or modified. 

1611 COTGR., Modifiable, modifiable, qualifiable. a 1677 
BARROW Serm, Wks. 1716 III. 296 As to that. .Excision 
of theCanaanites. .we may find it qualifiable, if we consider 
..the Trespasses which procured it. 

Qualification (kwo'lifik^'-Jan). [ad. med.L. 
qualificatiO) n. of action from qualificare : see 
QUALIFY and -ATION, and cf. F. qualification (1573 
in Godef. Compl.}.] The action of qualifying ; the 
condition or fact of being qualified; that which 
qualifies. 

1. Modification, limitation, restriction ; a modify- 
ing or limiting element or circumstance. 

'543-4 Act 35 Hen. VIII, c. 5 (Title) An acte concerning 
the qualification of the statute of the syxe articles. 1651 
BAXTER Inf. Bapt. 190 There can be no true closing with 
Christ in a promise that hath a qualification or condition 
expressed. 1756 BURKE Subl. ff B. i. iv, The removal or 
qualification of pleasure has no resemblance to positive 
pain. 2845 Encycl. Metrop. X. 7^6 There is however some 
qualification to be admitted in this general statement. 1891 
Law Times Rep. LXIII. 765/1 The defendants were liable 
as principals, as they had contracted in their own names 
without any qualification. 

1 2. The determining or distinctive quality of a 
person or thing ; condition, character, nature. Obs. 

1604 SHAKS. Oth. \\. \. 282 Out of that will I cause these 
of Cyprus to Mutiny. Whose qualification shall come into 
no true taste againe, but by the displanting of Cassio. 
a 1674 CLARENDON Hist. Reb. xn. n The commissioners 
. .notwithstanding their qualification . . were imprisoned by 
the Parliament. 1745 De Foe's Eng. Tradesman Introcf. 
(1841) I. 3 Having thus described .. the English Tradesman, 
it is needful to inquire into his qualification. 

f3. A quality, attribute, or property (of}. Obs. 

1669 GALE Crt. Gentiles i. m. x. 107 Plato laies down as 
qualifications of true Oratorie [etc.). 1711 ADDISON Sfect. 
No. 435 p 7 Liveliness and Assurance are . . the Qualifica- 
tions of the French Nation. 1719 LONDON & WISE Compl. 
Card. 118 The useless Branches, whether it be because they 
are worn or spent, or because they have no good Qualifica- 
tions. 1799 I. MILNER in Lift xi. 18 (1842) 194 Whatever 
may be their views of justifying faith, that is, whether they 
think it consists in qualifications or in appropriation. 
t b. An accomplishment. Obs. 

1715 SIR J. CLERK Mem. (1895) 87, I thought it would be 
an additional Qualification to him that he understood the 
English Language. 1785 PALEY Mor. Philos. (1818) I. 70 
The pleasures of grown persons., founded like music, paint- 
ing, &c. upon any qualification of their own acquiring. 
1796 JANE AUSTEN Sense $ Setts. (1849) 161 Every qualifica- 
tion is raised at times, .to more than its real value; and she 
was sometimes worried down . . to rate good-breeding as 
more indispensable to comfort than good-nature. 

f 4. The action of qualifying, or process of being 
qualified (for a position, etc.) ; also, the result of 
this action or process. Obs. 

1589-91 in Wodrow Soc. Misc. (1844) 535 Being informit of 
the qualification, literature, and gude conversation of .. N. 
1659 PEARSON Creed (1839) 308 The death of Christ [was] 
necessary .. in reference to the Priest himself .. both in 
regard of the qualification of himself, and consummation 
of his office. 1665 BUKYAN Holy Citie 6, ^1 must sper.k a 
word or two concerning John's qualification, whereby he 
was enabled to behold, .this City. 

6, A quality, accomplishment, etc. , which qualifies 
or fits a person for some office or function. 

1669 DK. YORK in Pepys' Diary (1879) VI. in Besides his 
general qualifications for that trust. 1765 FOOTE Commis- 
sary i. Wks. 1799 II, 15 A qualification for a canon of Stras- 
bourg. 1779 BURKE Corr. (1844) II. 276 Even a failure in 
it [law] stands almost as a sort of qualification for other 
things. 1855 MACAULAY Hist. Eng. xli. III. 242 This 
vehement hatred of Popery was.. the first of all qualifica- 
tions for command. 1873 HAMERTON Intell. Life i. vii. 

(1875) 37 Even to taste and smell properly, are most impor- 



16 

tnnt qualifications for the pursuit of literature, art, and 
science. 
b. absol. 

1818 CRUISE Digest (ed. c) III. 27 The bishops are still in 
law the judges of the qualifications of those who are pre- 
sented to them. 1861 M. PATTISON Ess. (1889) I. 37 The 
preceptor .. whatever his other qualifications may have been, 
had not earned his promotion by his Latin style. 1882 
Miss BRADDON Ml. Rpval I. i. 29 A sturdy truthfulness 
was one of her best qualifications. 

6. A necessary condition, imposed by law or 
custom, which must be fulfilled or complied with 
before a certain right can be acquired or exercised, 
an office held, or the like. 

1723 Act of Pennsylvania, Every brewer, .shall be quali- 
fied by oath, .which said qualification shall be taken by all 
persons who brew. .for sale. 1765 BLACKSTONF. Cotttm. I. ii. 
171 The true reason of requiring any qualification, with 
regard to property, in voters. 1819 MACKINTOSH far/. 
Suffrage Wks. 1846 III. 215 A representative assembly, 
elected by a low uniform qualification. 1875 JOWETT Plato 
(ed. 2) III. 440 A law which fixes a sum of money as the 
qualification of citizenship. 

b. A document attesting that a person is qualified. 

1748 SMOLLETT Rod. Rand, xviii, I cany my qualification 
to the Navy-office. \Ibid., We must deliver our letters of 
qualification at the Navy-office before one a-clock.] 

7. The act of determining the quality or nature of 
a thing ; spec. a. The determining whether a book or 
proposition merits theological censure as heretical. 
Cf. QDALIPICATOB. 

i86 Blackm. Mag. XX. 336 His Catechism and other 
works were submitted for qualification to Melchior Cano, 
his denouncer. 

b. Logic. The expression of quality, or the dis- 
tinction of affirmative and negative, in a proposition. 
(Cent. Diet. 1891.) 

8. altrib. and Comb., as qualification - ticket ; 
qualification shares, shares which one must 
hold in order to be qualified for a directorship of 
a company. 

1797 Sporting Mag. IX. TOO A gentleman . . applied . . for 
a qualification-ticket. 1899 Daily News 28 Alar. 8/3 The 
money had been given on account of that gentleman's 
qualification shares. 

Hence Quaaifica-tionless a., having no qualifica- 
tion. 

1898 Wtstm. Gaz. 16 Dec. 8/3 The new Bill evidently 
contemplated the possibility of qualificationless directors. 

Qualificative (kwj'lifik^'tiv), a, and sb. rare. 
[f. QUALIFY v. : see prec. and -ATIVK. Cf. F. qualifi- 
catif, -ive (i8th c.).] a. adj. Qualifying; denoting 
some quality, b. sb. A qualifying word or phrase. 

ni66i FULLER Worthies I. (1662) 59 An Apology for 
Qualificatives used, and Blanks left in this History. 1860 
F. WINSLOW Obscure Dis. Brain 361 Adjectives or quali- 
ficatives disappear last. 1861 RAWLINSON Anc. Man. I. 
vii. 148 His name . . is usually followed by a qualificative 
adjunct. 

Qnalificator (kwo-lifilw'taj). [a. med.L. 
agent-n. from qualificare to QUALIFY.] One of a 
board of theologiansattachedtotheHoly Office, who 
report on the character (heretical or otherwise) of 
propositions submitted to them. Cf. QUALIFIER 3. 

1688 BURNET Lett. St. Italy 20 One of the Qualificators 
of the Inquisition. 1736 CHANDLER Hut. Persec. 178 The 
decision in such affairs belongs to the Divines, who are 
thence called Qualificators. 1826 Blackiv. Mag. XX. 76 
The whole, .is then transferred by the Inquisitors to Theo- 
logians, Qualificators of the Holy Office. 

Qualificatory (kwg-lifik^tari), a. [ad. L. 
type *qualificatori-us : cf. prec. and -OKY.] 

1. Having the character of qualifying, modifying, 
or limiting ; tending to qualify. 

iBoj W. TAYLOR in Ann. Rev. III. 651 That evasive, 
Jesuitic, qualificatory extenuation. 1830 JAMES De L'Omic 
xlvi. 319 rhe Count would hardly hear of any qualificatory 
measures. 1868 Viscr. STRANGFORD Selections, etc. (1869) 
II. 247 A qualificatory commonplace. 

2. Such as to confer a qualification : (sense 6) 
1889 Academy 12 Oct. 233^ Some teachers urge . . that 

examinations should be solely qualificatory. 

Qualified (kwo-lifaid), ///. a. [f. QUALIFY v. 

+ -ED 1.] 

I. 1 1. In predicative use : Furnished with, 
possessed of (certain) qualities. Obs. 

1596 SHAKS. Tam.Skr.w. v. 66 She is., so qualified as may 
beseeme The Spouse of any noble Gentleman. 1603 KNOLLES 
Hist. Turks (1638) 158 A certaine Gentlewoman . . more 
honourably borne, than honestly qualified. 1665 J. WEBB 
Stone-Heng (1725) 45 All Stones are not Qualified alike; 
some are hard . . some soft. 1681 DRYDEN Abs. *r Achit. 75 
The moderate sort of men, thus qualified, Inclined the 
balance to the better side. 

fb. Attributively: Possessed of good qualities; 
accomplished, perfect. Obs. 

1592 NASHE P. Penilesse (ed. 2) 25 b, The fine qualified 
Gentleman . . should carie it clean away from the lazie 
clownish droane. 1598 R. BERNARD tr. Terence 286 Such 
a qualified yong gentleman. 1656 FINETT For. Ambass. 
238 Reverenced amongst them for his.. descent from a race 
of qualified saints, a 1700 B. E. Diet. Cant. Crew, Quali- 
fied, Accomplish! Statesman, Soldier, Scholar. 

2. Endowed with qualities, or possessed of accom- 
plishments, which fit one for a certain end, office, 
or function ; fit, competent. 

a. In predicative use : const, for (f in), or to 
with inf. 



QUALIFY. 

1589-92 in Wodrow. Soc. Misc. (1844) 535 Cif he beis 
fundin hable, meit, and sufficient He qualifeit thairfoir. 
1605 SHAKS. Lear i. iv. 37 That which ordinary men arc 
fit for, I am qualified in. 1665 BOYLE Occas. Refl. i. vii. 
(1848) 89 Him that is qualify'd for such Employments. 
1719 DE FOE Crusoe II. xiii. (1840) 274 A government quali- 
fied only to rule such a people. 1755 J. MILLS tr. Crmiers 
Rom. Enip. I. 107 That great man, equally qualified for 
war or peace. 1845 S. AUSTIN Ranke's Hist. Re/. III. 83 
A commune was not qualified to dispute concerning things 
of this kind. 1863 LVKI.I, Antig. Man 33 In every way 
highly qualified for the task. 
b. Used attributively. 

*S58 Q- KENNEDY in Wodrow Soc. Misc. (1844) i5 Than 
sulde be qualifeit men in all the esiaitis of the kirk. 
1693 CAPT. G. ST. Lo (title) England's Safety . .proposing a 
sure method for., raising qualified Seamen, for manning 
their Majesties Fleet. 1849 COBDEN Speeches 86, I have 
heard qualified persons say, that the.. police there, are the 
finest armed and drilled men m Ireland. 1865 LIGHTFOOT 
Galatians (1874) 72, I am.. a qualified witness of his resur- 
rection. 1880 C. R. MARKHAM Pewit. Bark 93 The plan .. 
was to make a collection of plants and seeds .. through the 
instrumentality of qualified agents. 

3. Legally, properly, or by custom, capable of 
doing or being something specified or implied. 

*559 Q- KENNEDY in Wodrow Soc. Misc. (1844) 267 That 
I was nocht qualifier to ressone with Willok, because . . 
I wes bot ane meyne man in our estait. 1656 in Gross 
Gild Merck. (1890) II. 267 Sundry Persons not being 
qualified according to the said Custome. 1702 Lona. 
Gas. No. 3839/4 The next winning Horse that is duly 
qualified to run for this Plate. 1777 SHERIDAN Sch. 
Scand. ii. ii, No person should be permitted to kill char- 
acters . . but qualified old maids. 1840 MACAULAY Hist. 
Eng. viii. II. 202 The king, .had no right to force on them 
even a qualified candidate, 

b. EccL Entitled to hold two benefices at once 
(Minsheu Ductor 1617: cf. QUALIFY v. 4, quot. 
1667). 

4. Belonging to the upper classes of society ; ' of 
quality'. Obs. exc. dial. 

1604 E. G[RIMSTONE] D'Acosta's Hist. Indies v. xix. 380 
If any Indian qualified, or of the common sorte were sicke. 
1608 WILLET Hexapla Exod. 481 These personal! wrongs 
are .. of persons not qualified but of common and ordinarie 
persons. 1703 Rules of Civility 116 If. .you be behind, and 
must pass after the qualify'd Person. 1886 Cheshire Gloss., 
Qualified, in good circumstances. A rich man would be said 
to be qualified. 

H. 5. Limited, modified, or restricted in some 
respect ; spec, in qualified acceptance, endorsement, 
estate^ fee (see quot. 1818), negative, oath, property. 

1599 Life More in Wordsw. Eccl. Biog. (1853) II. 130 
Delivering this qualified answer to the Kinge. 1635 SWAN 
Spec. M. vi. 2 (1643) 196 If it be taken in a qualified sense, 
it is not much amisse. 1746 HERVEY Medit. (1818) 211 
Every object, a little while ago, glared with light, but now 
all appears under a more qualified lustre. 1769 BLACKSTONE 
Cpmm. IV. 235 Animals, in which there is no property 
either absolute or qualified. 1818 CRUISE Digest (ed. 2) I. 79 
Where an estate limited to a person and his heirs has a 
qualification annexed to it, by which it is provided that it 
must determine whenever that qualification is at an end ; it 
is then called a qualified or base fee. 1860 MILL Rfpr. 
Govt. (1865) 1/2 Unfit for more than a limited and qualified 
freedom. 1801 E. PEACOCK N, Brendan II. 432 Narcissa 
gave a qualified reply. 

Hence Qualifiedly adv., in a qualified fashion ; 
Qua'lifieduess, the state of being qualified. 

1675 J. SMITH Chr. Relig- App. i. 23 Csesar had nothing 
to commend him to the Electors, but his qualifiedness for 
that function, by the worth of his parts. 1858 BUSHNELL 
Serm. New Life 308 A force independent and qualifiedly 
sovereign. 1865 J. GROTE Treat. Mor. Ideas vii. (1876) 98 
We cannot be truthful as we may be benevolent, less or 
more, or qualifiedly. 

Qualifier (kwg-lifaia-i). [f, QUALIFY + -EB 1 .] 

1. One who, or that which, qualifies, in various 
senses of the vb. 

1561 T. NORTON Calvin's Inst. iv. xix. (1634) 719 Away 
with these qualifiers, that cover one sacriledge with so many 
sacriledges. 1576 NEWTON Lenmie's Complex. (1633) 79 
Qualifiers and alayers of the heat of blood. 1638 R. YOUNGE 
Drunkard's Character 269 Tobacco, being hot and dry, 
must have a qualifier of cold and moist from the pot. 1754 
RICHARDSON Grandison (1781) I.xxvi. 183 Sir Charles is no 
qualifier. Sir, when he stakes his honour. 1796 LAMB Lett. 
(1857) I. 55, 1 was unwilling to let my last night's letter go off 
without this qualifier. 1887 Pall Mall G. 9 Mar. 5/1 Our 
qualifiers of beer have recently been [catching it]. 

2. Gram. A word, as an adjective or adverb, 
attached to another word to qualify U. 

1589 PuTTENHAM Eng. Poesie m. xvii. (Arb.) 103 Your 
Epitheton or qualifier, .must be apt and proper for the thing 
he is added vnto. 1875 WHITNEY Life Lang. vi. 103 Formal 
correspondence between a substantive and its qualifier or 
representative. 

3. R. C. Ch. = QuALincATOR. 

,71843 SOUTHEY Comm.-pl. Bk. (1851) IV. 670 Approved 
and licensed by Qualifiers. 1888 G. SALMON Infall. Churck 
xiv. 235 The question of law is referred to a special Board 
of skilled theologians, under the title of Qualifiers. 

Qualify (kwo'lifai), v. Also 6 qualyfy, -fle, 
(6-7 qualle-, qualli-, quale-, -fye, -fie), 6-8 
qualifie. [a. F. qualifi-er (i5th c.), or ad. med.L. 
qudlificare to attribute a quality to, f. qualis of 
such a kind + -ficare : see -FT.] 

I. To invest with a quality or qualities. 

1. trans. To attribute a certain quality or qualities 
to. a. To describe or designate in a particular way ; 
to characterize, entitle, name, (f Const, with.} 






QUALIFY. 

1549 LATIMER tth Serm. be/. Edw. /'/ (Arb.) 107 S. Paule 
in nys epistle qualifyeth a bishop, and saith that he must be 
. .apte to teache and to confute all maner of false doctryne. 
1653 H. COGAN tr. Pluto's Trav. xii. 37, I will favor thee 
as a Vassal, and not as a brother, as thou qualifies! thyself. 
1684 J. PETER Siege Vienna 21 Two of the Eldest Colonels 
were qualified with a Title between a Major General and a 
Colonel. 1823 BYRON yuan x. Ixxxi, The * Devil's drawing- 
room ', As some have qualified that wondrous place. 1826 
Blackw. blag. XX. 77 The propositions referred to the 
theologians have been qualified as heretical. 1873 HROWN- 
ING Red Cott. Nt.-cap 253 Madame Muhlhausen, whom 
good taste forbids We qualify as do these documents. 

b. Gram. Of an adj. : To express some quality 
belonging to (a noun). Of an adv. : To modify. 

[1589 PUTTENHAM Eng. Potsie Hi. xvu. (Arb.) 193 Some- 
times wordes suffered to go single, do giue greater sence 
and grace then words qualUfied by attributions do.] 1837 
M. GREEN Engl. Gramm. 14 [Adjectives] are added to nouns 
to define, qualify, describe, or limit the signification of the 
noun. 1887 ROGET Introd, Old French 176 [The Adjec- 
tive] qualifying two or more Substantives. 1888 H. A. 
STRONG tr. Pants Princ. Hist. Lang. 424 [The adjective] 
bears the same relation to the substantive as an adverb to 
the adjective which it qualifies. 

f 2. To impart a certain quality to (a thing) ; to 
make (a thing) what it is. Obs. 

1592 GREENE Upst. Courtier in Harl. Misc. (Malh.) II. 221 
Is . . not rather true nobility a mind excellently qualified with 
rare vertues? 1609 BIBLE (Douay) Gen. Comm., Then shal 
the bodies be qualified according to the state of the soules, 
happie or miserable for ever. 1645 QUARLES Sol. Recant. 
in. 71 But thou hast tainted that immortall breath, Which 
qualifi'd thy life, and made thee free Of heav'n and earth. 
a 1677 HALE Prim. Orig. Man. iv. vi. 344 The Divine Will, 
determined or qualified (if we may use that improper word) 
with the highest .. Wisdom and Power. 

T" b. absol. To bring it about that. Obs. 

a 1670 RACKET Abp. Williams \. (1692) 60 It qualified 
also, that no detection could be made, .that he bought this 
greatness. 

3. To invest (a person) with proper or essential 
qualities or accomplishments {for being some- 
thing). Also reft. 

1581 MULCASTER Positions xxxvi. (1887) 134 Set to schoole, 
to qualifie themselues, to learne how to be religious. 1683 
MOXON Mech. Exerc.^ Printing i, A Typographer ought 
to be equally qualified with all the Sciences that becomes 
an Architect. 1711 W. SUTHERLAND Shipbnild. Assist. 22 
Those Properties . . will qualify a Man for a compleat 
Architect. '^1782 COWPER Parrot 11 To qualify him more 
at large, And make him quite a wit. 

b. To make fit or competent for doing (or to do) 
something, or/or some sphere of action, existence, 
etc. Chiefly reft. 

1665 BOYLE Occas. Refl. vi. iv. (1848) 353 He whose parts 
are too mean to qualifie him to govern others. 1712 Sped. 
No. 524 F 5 To refresh and otherwise qualify themselves for 
their journey. 1749 FIELDING Tom Jones vi. iii, Moderation 
. .can qualify us to taste many pleasures. 1817 SCOTT Rob 
Royx\\ t Qualifying myself for my new calling. 1852 DICKENS 
Bleak Ho. xxxviii, I am qualifying myself to give lessons. 
1873 HAMERTON Intell. Life in. i. (1875) 77 Men are qualified 
for their work by knowledge. 

absol. 174* YOUNG Nt. Th. ix, 575 That strength, Which 
best may qualify for final joy. 

4. To make legally capable ; to endow with legal 
power or capacity ; to give a recognized status to 
(a person). 

1583 STUBBES Anat. Abtts. it. (1882) 113 Would God all 
Ecclesiastical persons . . would nowe . . quallifie themselues, 
shewe obedience to Princes lawes. 1667 PEPYS Diary (1879) 
IV. 350 Is made one of the Duke's Chaplains, which qualifies 
him for two livings. 1767 BLACKSTONE Cotnm. II. 418 These 
game laws ., do indeed qualify nobody, except . . a game- 
keeper, to kill game. 1862 MERIVALE Rom. Enip. (1865) IV. 
xxxvii. 291 He qualified others, by adding to their fortunes 
from his own bounty. 1889 Pall Mail G. 27 June 5/1 
A Royat Charter enabling it to 'qualify* nurses as doctors 
are 'qualified'. 

b. spec, by the administration of an oath. U. S. 

[1723 A ct ofPennsylvania^ Every brewer . . shall be quali fi ed 
by oath, .that he will not use any molasses, etc.] 1798 in 
Dallas Atner. Law Rep. II. 100 The court said they would 
order the jury to be qualified. 1800 M. CUTLER in Lift, etc. 
(1888) II. 37 He [the Governor of Mass.] met the two Houses 
at 12, and was qualified. 

5. intr. (for reft.} To make oneself competent 
for something, or capable of holding some office, 
exercising some function, etc., by fulfilling some 
necessary condition ; spec, by taking an oath, and 
hence U.S. : To make oath, to swear to something 
(Bartlett, 1848). 

11588 TARLTON Jests (1844) p. xxv, Presently he can 
Qualifie for a mule or a mare, Or for an Alderman. 1790 
BURKE Fr. Rev. Wks. V. 384 All the ministers of state must 
qualify, and take this test. 1825 C R. H. in Hone Every- 
day Bk. 1. 1334 His lordship goes to church to qualify. 1849 
MACAULAY Hist. Eng. vi. II. 27 He could not legally con- 
tinue to employ officers who refused to qualify. 1891 Lain 
Reports, Weekly Notes 118/1 It was his duty to qualify for 
the office of director by taking forty shares. 

f6. trans. Sc. Law. To establish by evidence. Obs. 



, 

358 The vther half [of the forfeited goods] to be givin to 
him who dilates the recepteris, and qualefeis the samen. 
1776 Lp. THURLOW in BoswelCs Johnson (1848) App. 817/2 
If the individual could qualify a wrong, and a damage 
arising from it. 

II. To modify in some respect. 
7. To modify (a statement, opinion, etc.) by any 
VOL. VIII. 



17 

limitation or reservation ; to make less strong or 
positive. 

1533 MORE Apol. xxvii. Wks. 893/2 He hathe circumspectly 
. . qualyfyed and modered hys tale wyth thys woord (all). 
1551 PRINCESS MARY in Ellis Orig. Lett. Ser. i. II. 177 The 
promise made. .by your Majesties counsell. .although they 
seeme now to quallefye and deny the thing, a 1661 FULLER 
Worthies (1840) III. 8 Whilst a prince he was undutiful to 
his father ; or to qualify the matter, over dutiful to his 
mother, whose domestic quarrels he always espoused, a. 1731 
ATTERBURY (J.), My proposition I have qualified with the 
word, often ; thereby malting allowance [etc.]. 1790 BURKE 
Fr. Rev. Wks. V. 296 To observe whether . . 1 might not find 
reasons to change or to qualify some of my first sentiments. 
iSssPREScoTT Philip II) i. viii. (1857) H^ Elizabeth received 
the offer of Philip's hand, qualified as It was, in the most 
gracious manner. 1883 Contemp. Rev. XLIII. 49 An 
avowal, which he qualifies by a subtle after-thought. 

absol. 1838 LYTTON Alice xi. v, The surgeon .. began to 
apologize to qualify. 

8. To moderate or mitigate, so as to reduce to 
a more satisfactory or normal condition ; esp. to 
render less violent, severe or unpleasant ; to lessen 
the force or effect of (something disagreeable). 

Extremely common in the i6-i7thc., with a great variety 
of objects ; now somewhat rare in comparison with 12 b. 

1543-4 Act 35 Hen. K//7, c. 5 The greate peril and 
dangler of the kynges majesties subiectes, if the ?ame statute 
shulde not . . be tempered qualified or refourmed. 1547 
BOORDE Brev. Health 170 Qualyfie the heate of the Lyuer 
. . with the confection of Acetose. 1578 T. N. tr. Conq. W. 
India 229 Our men stoode in great perill . . if this war and 
mutenie had not soone bene qualified. 1608 WILLRT/^^ xapla, 
Exod. 688 The incense was. .burned, .to qualifie the smell 
..from the sacrifices of flesh. 1648 MARKHAM Honscw. 
Gard, HI. viii. (1668) 68 Camomile . . is sweet smelling, 
qualifying head-ach. 1664 H. POWER Exp. Philos. in. 
So 
Co 

Civility of the Turks does in some measure qualify the 
Hardship of those who are confin'd Prisoners in tnat Castle. 
1767 BLACKSTONE Comm. II. 147 Though they still are held 
at the will of the lord,., yet that will is qualified, restrained, 
and limited. 18*7 SCOTT Highl. Widow v, A voice in which 
the authority of tne mother was qualified by her tenderness. 
1859 BAILEY Festus v, Qualifying every line which vice . . 
writes on the brow. 1856 R. A. VAUGHAN Mystics (1860) 
I.v. i. 1 16 His sincere piety, his large heart,, .always qualify, 
and seem sometimes to redeem, his errors. 

t b. To make less wrong or reprehensible. Obs. 

1749 FIELDING Tom Jones xin. xii, The frame of her mind 
was too delicate to bear the thought of having been guilty 
of a falsehood, however qualified by circumstances. 1776 
PAINE COM. Sense 76 It is. .the invasion of our country. . 
which conscientiously qualifies the use of arms. 

\ c. To make proportionate to ; to reduce to. 
Obs. rare. 

1548 UDALL, etc. Erasni. Par. Luke i. (R.), The Highest 
. .tempering and qualifying his infinite power and vertue to 
the measure and capacitie of mannes nature. \6o+ Notting- 
ham Rec. IV, 272, 20 U. fyne was ymposed. .which fyne was 
afterwardes . . cjualefied to iuj Ii. 1641 MILTON Reform, ii. 
43 How to qualifie, and mould the sufferance and subjection 
of the people to the length of that foot that is to tread on 
their necks. 

t 9. To appease, calm, pacify (a person). Obs. 

^1540 tr. Pol. Verg. Eng. Hist. (Camden No. 29) 210 
Withowt much adoe they began to mollyfy hir .. Whan the 
quene was thus qualyfyed [etc.]. 1579-80 NORTH Plutarch 
(1676) 488 Sertonus. .did qualifie him the best he could, and 
made him more mild and tractable. - 1617 MIDDLETON & 
ROWLEY Fair Quarrel iv. i, When you have left him in 
a chafe, then 1 11 qualify the rascal. 1679 Trials Greet/, 
Berry, $c. 16 You being a Justice of the Peace may qualifie 
them [two men fighting]. 

flO. To bring into, or keep in, a proper condi- 
tion ; to control, regulate, modulate. Obs. 

1579 LANGHAM Card. Health (1633) 624 The decoction of the 
roots.. doth qualifie the Liuer. 1606 SHAKS. Tr. $ Cr. n. 
ii. nS Is your blood So madly hot, that no discourse of 
reason. .Can qualifie the same? 1647 N. BACON Disc. Gwt. 
Eng. i. xvi. (1739) 30 This Election was qualified under 
a stipulation or covenant. iGWPv.wwuGiiardtan.'s Instruct. 
(1807) J 5 The practice of these Rules will help qualifie a 
Life of Action such as yours must be. 

11. To modify the strength or flavour of (a liquid). 
1591 NASHE Prognostication Wks. 1883-4 II. 152 A Cuppe 

of Sack, . . so qualified with Suger, mat they proue not 
rewmatick. 1633 T. ADAMS Exp. 2 Peter ii. 13 Poison may 
be qualified, ancf become medicinal. 1671 tr. Frej'ns' Voy. 
Mauritania 43 Having tasted the water, . . we mixed it with 
a little Aqua vitae, which we had brought with us instead 
of Wine, to qualifie it. 1748 SMOLLETT Rod. Rand. Ivi, 
The Squire ..called for his tea, which he drank ..qualified 
with brandy, 1821 BYRON Jnatt iv. liii, Tea and coffee 
leave us much more serious, Unless when qualified with 
thee, Cogniacl 1840 DICKENS Barn. Radge xlv, [HeJ 
qualified nis mug of water with a plentiful infusion of the 
liquor. 

fig. 1697 DRYDEN Ess. Georgics jn Virgil (1721) I. 199 
Greek, .rightly mixt and qualified with the Doric Dialect. 

12. f a. To affect (a person or thing) injuriously. 
Const, with. Obs. b. To abate or diminish (some- 
thing good) ; to make less perfect or complete. 

1584 R. SCOT Discov. Witckcr. HI. xv. (1886) 50 Foure old 
witches, who with their charms so qualified the Danes as 
they were thereby disabled. i6o SHAKS. Ham. iv. vii. 114 



was conquered and taken prisoner. 1644 BULWER Chiron 
52 The slanders by heartily wish their Hands qualified with 
some Chiragracall prohibition. 1860 TYNDALL Glac. I. 
xxvii. 209 Thoughts which tended to qualify the pleasure. 
1870 DICKENS E. Drood viii, We had better not qualify our 
good understanding. 



QUALITY. 

t 13. intr. To qualify on, to submit quietly to. 
To qualify with, to come to terms with. Obs. 

1754 RICHARDSON Grandison I. xxxiii. 230 What a slave 
had I been in spirit, could I have qualified on such villainous 
treatment. 1797-1803 S. & HT. LEE Cantert. T. V. 494 
He. .qualifies with any passion which it is vicious to indulge. 

Qualifying (kwg-lifaiiirj), vbl. sb. [f. prec. + 
-mo 1 .] The action of the vb. C 
senses. 



. QUALIFY, in various 



1574 R. SCOT Hop Card. (1578) Epistle, To deuise argu- 
ment of priuate profit, to the qualifying of your charges. 
1610 GUILLIM Heraldry in. vit. (1660) 135 The qualifying 
and allaying of the scorching heat of burning Agues. 1748 
RICHARDSON Clarissa. (1811) I. 124, I once thought a little 

Iualifying among such violent spirits was not amiss. 1794 
. HUTTON f kilos. Light, etc. 14 To suppose us knowing 
eat by any other means, besides its effect in the qualifying 
of bodies. 

Qualifying (kwg-lifaiiip),///. a. [f. as prec. 
+ -ING-.] That qualifies, in senses of the vb. 

1606 SHAKS. Tr. <$ Cr. iv. iv. 9 My loue admits no quali- 
fying crosse [HSU. emend, dross]. 1704 NORRIS Ideal World 
n. iii. 192 Something, .so peculiarly qualifying and distin- 
guishing. 1769 jfunins Lett. xxxv. 160 A qualifying measure 
would not be accepted. 1811 SCOTT Fam. Lett. (1804) I. 
viii. 241 The good we meet with.. is always blended with 
qualifying bitterness. ibyQAthenxutn 26 Apr. 525/3 To pass 
a qualifying examination and to become a teacher. 

Hence Qua-lifyiiig-ly adv. 

1831 BLAKEY Free-will 109 They qualifyingly admit its 
force, by calling it a difficulty. 

t Qua-litated, pa.pple. 06s. rare- 1 , [f. L. type 
*qualitat-iis + -ED 1 .] = QUALITIED. 

1661 J. CHANDLER Van Helmmfs Oriat. 167 Moystness, 
and dryness are rather very Bodies themselves qualitated or 
endowed with qualities. 

Qualitative (kwg-lititiv), a. [ad. late L. 
qudlitativ-us (Cassiodorus) : see QUALITY and -IVE. 
Cf. F. qualitatif, -ive (isth c.).] Relating to, con- 
nected or concerned with, quality or qualities. Now 
usually in implied or expressed opposition to 
QUANTITATIVE. 

1607 COLLINS Serm. (1608) 5 Fourthly, qualitative, from 
the dispositions of the persons themselves. 1651 GAULE 
Magastrom. 49 What have the qualitative influxes of the 
planets . . there to doe? 4x703 BURKITT On N. T. Rom. 
xil 2 This conversion and renovation is not a- substantial, 
but a qualitative change. 1842 PARNELL Chem. Anal. 
(1845) 2 An examination . . which does not develope more 
than the nature or quality of the constituents, is termed 
a qualitative analysis. 1881 WESTCOTT & HORT Grk. N. T. 
11.44 A numerical preponderance may have rightly to yield 
to a qualitative preponderance. 

Hence Qualitatively adv., in respect of quality. 

1681 FLAVEL Meth. Grace vi. 128 Faith may be considered 
qualitatively, as a saving grace. 1845 G. E. DAY tr. Simon's 
Anint. Chem, I. 321 The composition of the blood is here 
qualitatively changed. i86a H. SPENCER First Princ. i. iv. 
26 (1875) go In consciousness the Unlimited and the Indi- 
visible are qualitatively distinct. 

Qualitied (kwg-litid), a. or///, a. Also 6-7 
qualited. [f. QUALITY sb. or v. + -ED.] Furnished 
with a quality or qualities, in various senses of 
the sb. (Freq. in lyth c. ; chiefly as predicate, and 
with qualifying adv.). 

1600 HAKLUYT Voy. II. ii. 194 They were so well qualited 
in courage, experience, and discretion. 1616 T. SCOTT 
Christs Politician n Those men ..are conditioned and 
qualited like sheepe, innocent, harmelesse, simple. 1656 
STANLEY Hist. Philos. I. vin. 113 In things properly qualited 
there is augmentation and diminution. 1728 MORGAN 
Algiers II. iv. 286 The mildest, the best qualitied . . Prince 
that ever existed. 1783 JOHNSON in Boswell 23 Mar., Lord 
Southwell was the highest-bred man . . the most qualitied 
I ever saw. 1865 J. GKOTE Moral Ideals (1876) 187 The 
mind is a qualified unity. 1880 Harfer's Mag. Ian. 184/2 
A dainty hand, and small, . . ana qualitied Divinely. 

Hence Qualitiedness. rare" 1 . 

1865 J. GROTE Exflor. Philos. i. no Form of the higher 
description, .quality or qualitiedness. 

Qualitive, erron. f. QUALITATIVE, rare- 1 . 

1846 J. BAXTER Libr. Pract. Agric. (ed. 4) I. 48 The one 
is called qualitive, . . The other is quantitive. 

Quality (kwg-liti), sb. Forms: 4-7 -ite, 4-5 
-itee, 6 -yte, -itye, 6-7 -Hie, 7 quail-, 6- quality. 
[ME. qualite, a. F. qualitl (nth c.), ad. L. quali- 
tdt-em (formed by Cicero to render Gr. ITOIOTI/S), f. 
qudlis of what kind : see -ITT.] 

I. Of persons (in I and 2 occas. of animals). 

1. Character, disposition, nature. Now rare. 

ciigaS. Eng.Leg. I. 312/433 J>e planetes..3iuen himal-so 
qualite to don so and so. Ibid. 435 Swuch qualite. . to beon 



ayre 247, naw, 

chastitie. 1553 BRENDE Q. Curtius 25 He vsed to euery 
nacion sondry exhortacions as he thought mete for their 
disposicions and qualitie. a 157* LINDESAV (Pitscottie) Chron. 
Scot (S. T. S.) I. 10 Knawinlg] of wemen .. That thay are 
not constant in thair quallitie. 1631 LITHGOW Trar. VI. 298 
A Dromidore, and Camel differ much in quality. 1639 FORD 
Lady's Trial ill. iii, He deserves no wife Of worthy quality, 
who dares not trust Her virtue in. .any danger. 1847 EMEU- 
SON Poems (1857) 94 They her heralds be, Steeped in her 
quality. 1873 BROWNING Red Coif. Nt.^ap 268 Her quality 
was, caterpillar-like, To.. select a leaf And .. feed her fill. 
b. Capacity, ability, or skill, in some respect. 

In mod. use as an echo of Shaks., who prob. intended 
the word in sense 5. 

[i6oa SHAKS. Ham. u. ii. 452 Come giue vs a last of your 
quality : come, a passionate speech.] 1856 KANE A ret. 

3 



QUALITY. 

ExpL I. ii. 2$ Hans bad given me a touch of his quality by 
spearing a bird on the wing. 1863 DORAN Ann. Stage 369 
Thomas . . gave the stranger a hearty welcome, ,. asked for 
a taste of his quality. 1871 BROWNING Pr. Ho/ienst. 1165 
Can't you contrive to operate at once, .. to shew Your 
quality i' the world. 

C. Without article or poss. pron. : Excellence 
of disposition ; good natural gifts. (Cf. 9 c.) 

1606 SHAKS. Tr. <$ Cr. iv. iv. 78 The Grecian youths are 
full of qualitie, Their lotting well compos'd, with guift of 
nature. 1607 HEYWOOD Wont. Killed \\. t, O, sir, disparage 
not your worth too much ; You are full of quality and faire 
desert. 1889 TYRWHITT in Universal Rev. 15 Feb. 251 One 
sharp temptation well resisted .. shows real moral quality. 
1894 SIR Ev. WOOD in Daily News i Oct. 6/2 [Capt. Peel] 
had a singularly striking appearance ( showing both in face 
and figure what is termed, in describing well-bred horses, 
as ' quality '. 

2. A mental or moral attribute, trait, or charac- 
teristic ; a feature of one's character ; f a habit. 

"533 FRITH Answ. More To Rdr., Wks. (1573) 4 A frende 
beholdeth all qualities and circumstaunces, his byrth, 
bringyng vp, and what feates hee hath done all hys lyfe 
long. 1551 R. ROBINSON tr. M ore's Utop. Ep. Cecil (Arb.) 
15 Youre godlye dysposytyon, and vertuous qualytyts. 
1602 MARSTON Ant. $ Mel. in. Wks. 1856 I. 43, I hate 
not man, but man's lewd qualities. 1689-90 TEMPLE Ess. 
Heroic Virtue Wks. 1731 I. 208 Particular Qualities have 
been observed.. in the same Families for several hundred 
Years, as Goodness, Clemency [etc.]. 1783 COWPER Vale- 
diction 31 In thee some virtuous qualities combine To lit 
thee for a nobler part. 1849 MACAULAY Hist. Eng. vii. II. 
163 Nature had largely endowed William with the qualities 
of a great ruler. i8 J. H. NEWMAN Hist. Sk. (1876) I. 
[II. J i. i. 30 The subtlety and perfidy, which., were the 
qualities of his., countrymen. 

b. An accomplishment or attainment. 

1584 LVLY Campaspev. i, Diog. What can thy sons do? 
Syl. You shall see their qualities. Dance, sirrah ! 1607 
SHAKS. Timon i. i. 125, I haue bred her at ray deerest cost 
In Qualities of the best. 01674 CLARENDON (J.), He had 
those qualities of horsemanship, dancing and fencing which 
accompany a good breeding. 1780 COWPER Progr. Err. 
423 A just deportment, manners graced with ease, . . Are 
qualities that seem to comprehend [etc.]. x88a Daily Tel. 
17 May, The fielding, .justified the high reputation for this 
quality which the.. colonial teams, .have enjoyed. 

c. Law. A special or characteristic feature. 
1818 CRUISE Digest (ed. 2) I. 155 A tenant in tail .. has 

eight qualities or privileges. 

3. Rank or position in (a) society. Now rare. 

a 1400-50 A Uxander 3303 Lo ! so be queleofqwistsumnes 
my qualite has changid. 1456 SIR G. HAVE Law Arms 
(S. T. S.) 162 To consider, .the state and the qualitee of the 
persouns. 1571 G. BUCHANAN Admonition^. T. S.) 21 It 
may seame .. that I . . pas myne estait, being of sa meane 
qualitie. 1604 E. G[RIMSTONE] D'Acosta's Hist. Indies v. 
viii. 350 Sometimes this minister had other different habites, 
according to the quallitie of the dead. 1676 HOBBES Iliad 
Pref. (1686) 2, Readers of Poesie (which are commonly Per- 
sons of the best Quality). 17*6 DE FOE Hist. Devil \\. v. 
(1840) 235 The priests of Apollo were sometimes of no mean 
quality. 1823 SCOTT Peveril i, A gentleman of middling 
quality. 1873 BROWNING Red Cott. Nt.-cap 1528 What 
quality, what style and title, eh ? 

fig. 1791 WOLCOTT (P. Pindar) Remonstrance Wks. 1812 
II. 453 Hunger. .Is reckon'd now a fellow of bad quality : 
Not deem'd a gentleman. 

t b. concr* A body of persons of a certain rank. 
Obs. rare" 1 . 

1636 E. D ACRES tr. Mackiavets Disc. Livy 1. 16 It was com- 
pos'd only of two of these forenamed qualities, that is to say, 
of the Principality and Nobility. 

4. Nobility, high birth or rank, good social 
position ; chiefly in phr. man, woman, gentleman, 
lady t person , people of quality. Now arch. 

1579-80 NORTH Plutarch (1595) 875 He had all the men 
of qualitie his sworne enemies. 1625 BACON Ess., Trav. 
(Arfx) 523 Let him . . procure Recommendation, to some 
person of Quality. 1671 LADY MARY BERTIE in \-zth Rep. 
Hist. AfSS. Comm. App. v. 22 There are no men of quality 
but the Duke of Monmouth ; all the rest are gentlemen. 
1722 DE FOE Col. Jack (1840) 18 My new friend was a thief 
of quality, and a pickpocket above the ordinary rank. 1771 
MACKENZIE Man. Feel. xl. (1803) 85 The count, for he was 
of quality, was solicitous to return the obligation. 1849 
MACAULAY Hist. Eng. viii. II. 273 Many persons of quality 
sate the whole day in their carriages. 1871 M OR LEY 
Vaiwenargues in Crit. Misc. Ser. i. (1878) 9 High enough 
to command the admiration of people of quality. 

b. concr. People of good social position. Now 
arch, or vulgar and dial. 

1693 Humours Town 114 Walk Bare-headed to his 
Master's Daughter, in imitation of Quality. i7o6EsTcouRT 
Fair Exatnp. v. i, Did not you tell me . . that you was 
acquainted with all the Quality. 1753 RICHARDSON Sir C. 
Grandison III. ii. (1781) 15, I have looked out among the 
quality for a future husband for her. 1769 WESLEY in Wks, 
1872 III. 370 A large company of Quality (as they called 
them) came. 18x4 BYRON Juan xvi. Ixiv, She was country 
born and bred And knew no better. .Than to wax white 
for blushes are for quality. 1843 LEVER J. Hinton xl, I was 
standing . . among all the grand generals and the quality. 
1889 John Bull 2 Mar. 142/2 He was fond of quality, and 
quality was very fond o' him, 

f5. Profession, occupation, business, esp. that of 
an actor, b. Fraternity ; those of the same pro- 
fession ; esp. actors as a body. Obs. 

1500-20 DUN-BAR Poems xxxiv. 88 The rest of craftis gryt 
aithis swair. . Ilk ane into thair qualitie. 1591 SHAKS. Two 
Gent. iv. i. 58 A Linguist, and a man of such perfection, As 
we doe in our quality much want. 1603 J. DAVIES Micro- 
cosmos 215 Players, I love yee, and your Qualitie. 1625 
FLETCHER Fair Maid of Inn v. ii, I am weary of this trade 
of fortune- telling, . . it is a very ticklish quality. 1626 MAS- 
SINGER Rom. Actor \. iii, In thee, as being the chief of thy 



18 

profession, I do accuse the quality of treason. 1633 in A. 
W. Ward Hist. Dram. Lit. II. 324 It may serve . . for the 
improvement of the quality, which hath received some 
brushings of late. 

f C. Party, side. Obs. rare~*. 

1596 SHAKS. i Hen. fV t iv. iii. 36 Because you are not of 
our qualitie, But stand against vs like an Enemie. 

6. Title, description, character, capacity. Freq. 
in phr. in (the] quality of. Now rare. 

a 1300 Cursor M. 26682 Man agh to telle hir qualite, sib 
or freind or quat sco be. a 1626 BACON Advice to Villiers 
(J.h The attorney of the dutchy of Lancaster partakes of 
both qualities, partly of a judge, .and partly of an attorney 
general, a 1648 LD. HERBERT Hen. VIII (1683) 38 Maxi- 
milian . . came to the King, in the quality of his Soldier. 
1664 BUTLER Hud. \\. iii. 338 He serv'd his Master In 
quality of Poetaster. 1711 ADDISON Sped. No. 127 r i Such 
Packets as I receive under the Quality of Spectator. 1734 
tr. Rollin's Anc. Hist. (1827) IX. 66 They paid respect to 
his quality of deputy. 1821 SCOTT Keniliv. xxx, Leicester 
. .rode on her Majesty's right hand, .in quality of her host. 
1864 D. G. MITCHELL Sev. Stor. 82 To understand that 
I had come in the professed quality of Consul, 
t b. A part or character (acted). Obs. rare~ *. 

1566 ADLINGTON Apuleius 109 When the people was de- 
sirous to see me play qualities, they caused the gates to be 
shutte, and such as entred in shoulde pay. 
H. Of things. 

7. An attribute, property, special feature or charac- 
teristic. Primary^ secondary, etc. qualities : see 
the adjs. Of a ship: (see quot. 1867). 

1340 Ayenb. 1 53 To pc bod ye of man comejj alle eueles uor 
be destempringe of bise uour qualites obcr of bise uour 
humours. 1533 ELYOT Cast. Heltke (1539) 333, But nowe 
to the qualities of water. 1551 TURNER Herbal i. A iv b, 
The qualites of it answer nothing unto the qualyties of 
wormwode pontyke in Galene. 1604 E. G[RIMSTONE] 
D'Acosta's Hist. Indies vi. xiii. 459 According to the 
qualities and wealth of the Countrie. 1671 R. BOHUN Wind 
165 The judgment to be made concerning the Qualitys of 
Winds, .is very various and fallible. 17*5 WATTS Logic i. 
iii. 4 Ideas, with Regard to their Qualities, .. are either 
clear and distinct, or obscure and confused [etc.]. 1854 L. 
LLOYD Scandinavian Adv. I. 231 The eatable qualities of 
the Bothnian salmon. 1867 SMYTH Sailor's Word-bk., 
Qualifies, the register of the ship's trim, sailing, stowage, 
&c., all of which are necessary to her behaviour. 1872 Rus- 
KIN Eagle's N. 236 Every high quality of art consists either 
in some expression of what is decent, .or of what is bright, 
fb. A manner, style. (Cf. 9 b.) Obs. rare. 

1596 SHAKS. Merck. V. in. ii. 6 Hate counsailes not in such 
a qualitie. 1651 Fuller's Abel Rediv.>Cowper(\lty 11.307 
The parishioners, .built and adorned the church in as good 
a quality as any round about it. 

t C. A habit ; a power or faculty. Obs. rare. 

1647 FULLER Good Th. in Worse T. (1841) 98 Jordan had 
a quality in the first month to overflow all his banks. 1663 
GERBIEK Counsel b iij a, If it had a speaking quality, your 
Grace would hear its..Alembick sing the Gold its joy. 

fd. Concretely: A substance of a certain nature; 
an essence. Obs. rare. 

1704 SWIFT Batt. Bk. Misc. (1711) 257 An atramentous 
Quality, of most malignant Nature, was seen to distil from 
his Lips. 1823 J. BADCOCK Dom. Amusem. 21 The wood. . 
throws out its volatile qualities, aquaeous and acidulous, 
into the respective tubes. 

8. The nature, kind, or character (of something). 
Now restricted to cases in which there is comparison 
(expressed or implied) with other things of the same 
kind ; hence, the degree or grade of excellence, etc. 
possessed by a thing, -f- In the quality of\ (cf. 6). 

CI374 CHAUCER Troylus HI. Prol. 31 Ye knowe al |>ilke 
couered qualite Of tnng which bat folk on wondren so. 
c 1400 MAUNDEV. (Roxb.) xiii. 59 A man may gyffe no 
couenable penaunce bot if he knawe be qualitee and \>e 
quantitee of be synne. 1509 HAWES Past. Pleas, xxm. 
(Percy Soc.) 106 After the qualyte it doth take effecte. 1570 
DEE Math. Pref. 8 An other liquid Medicine I haue : whose 
Qualitie is heate, in the first degree. 1650 BAXTER Saints' 
Jf. i. iv. (1662) 22 It is so little I know of mine own soul, 
either its quiddity or quality. 1697 DRYDEN Virg. Georg. 
in. 237 This flying Plague (to mark its quality ;) Oestros 
the Grecians call. 1794 J. HUTTON Philos. Light, etc. 272 
This principle of fire moves, in the quality of light, with the 
most amazing velocity. 1841-4 EMERSON Ess. t Prudence 
Wks. (Bonn) I. 95 There is more difference in the quality 
of our pleasures than in the amount. 1849 Miss MITFORD 
in L'Estrange Life (1870) III. ix. 142 The perfection of 
cunning is to conceal its own quality. 1879 HARLAN Eye- 
sight viii. 1 14 It is on account of the quality, rather than the 
size, of English print, that it is usually so much ple < asanter 
to read than American. 

*t* b. Nature, with reference to origin ; hence, 
cause, occasion. Obs. rare : 

1606 SHAKS. Tr. $ Cr. iv. i. 44 Giue him note of our 
approach, With the whole quality whereof, I feare We shall 
be much vnwelcome. 1607 Timon ill. vi. 117 Know you 
the quality of Lord Timons fury ? 

9. Without article: a. That aspect of things 
under which they are considered in thinking or 
speaking of their nature, condition, or properties. 

The notion of quality includes all the attributes of a thing, 
except those of relation and quantity. ' Quality ' is the 
third of the Aristotelian categones. 

1533 ELYOT Cast. Helthe (1539) i6b, Qualitie. .is the state 
thereof, as Hotte or cold, moist or dry. 1656 STANLEY Hist. 
Philos. I. v. 70 If quality be void of matter, it must likewise be 
void of corporeity. 1727 CHAMBERS Cycl. s.v., The antient 
school-philosophers distinguish quality in the general, .into 
essential and accidental. 1829 JAS. MILL Hum. Mirfd(i$6g) 
II. xiv. n. 60 Quality is used as the generical name of every 
thing in objects, for which a separate notation is required. 
1884 tr. Lotze"s Metaph. 45 Thequestion is renewed as to the 
actual essence which . . lies behind this surface of Quality. 



QUALM. 

b. Gram. Manner of action (cf. 7 b), as denoted 
by an adverb ; chiefly in phr. adverb of quality* 

1530 PALSGR. Introd. 38 The frenche men . . forme theyr 
adverbes of qualite by addyngeto of ment. Ibid. 144 Some 
[adverbs] betoken qualite, and serve to declare . . howe a 
dede is done, a 1637 B. JONSON Eng. Gram. i. xxi, All 
adverbs of quality., being formed from nouns, for the most 
part, by adding ly. 1845 STODDART in Encycl. Metrop. 
(1847) 1. 122/1 fhereis no difference in grammatical use 
between . . an adverb of quantity, and an adverb of quality. 
1871 MORRIS Engl. Accid. xiv. 193. 

c. Peculiar excellence or superiority. (Cf. i c.) 
1874 TYRWHITT Sketch. Club 255 Quality of colour means 

purity or truth of hue. 1891 Speaker 2 May 533/1 The 
book . .has . . more quality and distinction than four-fifths of 
the novels which come under our notice. 

10. In special uses (of senses 8 and 9). 

a. Logic* Of propositions : The condition of 
being affirmative or negative. Of concepts : Com- 
parative clearness or distinctness. 

1594 BLUNDEVIL Arte Logicke\\\. i, (Cent.), How is a simple 
proposition divided according to qualitie ? Into an affirma- 
tive and negative proposition. 1697 tr. Burgersdicius his 
Logic I. xxx. 117 In Regard of Quality, it is that an Enuncia- 
tion is divided .. into Affirming and Denying. 1735 WATTS. 
Logic (1726) 156 If two Universals differ in Quality they are 
Contraries. 1837-8 SIR W. HAMILTON Lect. Logic ix. (1860) 
I. 158 It is this perfection or imperfection which constitutes 
the logical Quality of a concept. 1843 MILL Logic n. ii. 
i (1856) 189 What are called the quantity and quality 
of the propositions. 1864 BOWEN Logic v. 120 We thus 
ascertain the Quality of the Judgment, or whether it is 
affirmative or negative. 

b. Law. Of an estate : The manner in which it 
is to be held or enjoyed. 

1818 CRUISE Digest (eA. 2) II. 354 The alteration in the 
particular estate, which would destroy a contingent re- 
mainder, must amount to an alteration in its quantity, and 
not in its quality. 1841 Penny Cycl. XIX. 46/1. 

C, Physics. That which d 1st inguishes sounds 
quantitatively the same; timbre. 

1865 Q. Jrnl. Sc. 592 Though [certain sounds are] the same 
for musical purposes, in alt other respects the quality is 
different. 1871 HUXLEY P/iys. vii. 183 The quality of a 
voice treble, bass, tenor, &c. 1881 BROADHOUSE Jlftts. 
Acoustics 77 The most uncultivated ear would perceive a 
difference of quality. 

11. A particular class, kind, or grade of anything, 
as determined by its quality. 

1835 URE Philos. Manuf. 324, 2s. $d. for spinning the 
same quality. 1866 G. MACDONALD Ann. Q. Neighb. xiii. 
(1878) 253 A quality of dialogue which indicated thought. 

III. fl2. = QUALIFICATION i. Sc. Obs. rare. 

1622 Burgh Rec. Aberdeen (Spald. CL) II. 375 The said 
Mr. James Ross .. acceptit of the said stipend with the 
qualitie and conditioun aboue mentioned. 1714 W. FORBES 
Jrnl. Sess. Pref. 7 Advocates admitted with a quality 
that they should not take in hand to plead in any . . difficult 
cause without . . assistance. 

IV. 13. attrib. and Comb, (chiefly sense 4), as 
quality -acquaintance i -air, -blood, -end, -friend t 
horse, lady, living, -pride, etc. ; quality-like, -mad, 
adjs. ; quality -binding, a kind of worsted tape 
for binding carpets (Jam. 1808). 

1594 CAREW Huarte's Exam. Wits vi. (1506) 77 Neither 
the vnderstanding, nor any other accident, can be qualiti- 
like. 1701 FARQUHAR Sir H. Wildair n. i. Wks. (Rtldg.) 
545, I thought something was the matter ; I wanted of 
quality-air. 1706 ESTCOURT Fair^ Exatnp. i. i, 10 Your 
Quality Lady, when she speaks, 'tis thus. 1751 SMOLLETT 
Per. fie. (1779) Ixviii. 238 The influence of Peregrine's 
new quality-friends. Ibid. III. Ixxxii. 274 Peregrine found 
some ladies of his quality-acquaintance. 1768 Woman of 
Honor I. 134 She is so stark quality-mad. 1784 R. BAGE 
Barham Downs I. 233 My Lady's passion for quality 
living. 1819 Metropolis III. 140 The quality-end of the 
town. 1837 CARLYLE Fr. Rev. II. n. ii, Young .. men, 
with quality-blood in them, poisoned with quality* pride. 
1891 Field 7 Mar. 334/2 Quite a quality horse is Gratian. 

Hence Qua'lityless a., having no quality or 
qualities ; Qualityship, social position (nonce-ivd.). 

1859 MOZLEY Ess., Indian Convert. (1878) II. 313 Brahm 
is a motionless, characterless, qualityless, colourless essence. 
1865 Dublin University Mag. 1.6 He dressed with regard 
to his qualityship. 1893 J. ORR Car. View God * W . iv. 
146 An absolutely qualityless matter. .is unthinkable. 

Quality, ^. rare. Also 6 qualit-. [f. prec.] 
trans, f a. To furnish with a quality or qualities. 
Obs. b. To rate at a certain quality or value. 

1579 J. JONES Present. Bodie * Soule Ep. Ded. 2 By these 
three they be all qualited. Motion ingendreth, Light 
shapeth and sbeweth, Influencedisposeth or qualiteth. 1813 
BATCHELOR Agric. Snrv. Bedfordsk. 236 The warren con- 
tained 878 acres, much of which was qualitied at 9$, to tos. 
per acre. 

Qualiver, -vre, qualliver, obs. if. CALIVKB. 

Quail , e, obs. forms of WHALE. 

Quallefy, -ify, obs. forms of QUALIFY. 

t Quallmire = QUAGMIRE (q. v,). Obs. rare -\ 

1553 BALE Gardiner's De Vera Obed. B viij b, Who so 
euer . .goeth about to fette it [truth] out of mennes puddles 
and quail myres [v.r. qualmires]. 

t Qua'lly, a. Obs. rare. [Of obscure origin.] 
Of wine : Turbid, cloudy. 

a 1700 B. E. Diet. Cant. Crew, Qually-Wines^ Turbulent 
and Foul. 1701 Art fy Myst, Vintners 22 Without good 
Fermentation, they become Qually, (L e. Cloudy). 

t Qualm, sb^ Obs. Forms: 1-2 cwealm, 
2-3 cwalm, (3 cu-), 2-4 qualm, 3 quelme, 4 
qw-, qualme,6 .SV.quhalm,qualim. [QE.t-wea/w 
death, slaughter, pestilence, = OS. qualm, OHG. 



QUALM. 

qu- t fhualm (MIIG. qualm anguish) ; f. *kwal- t 
ablaut-var. of *kwel- to die : see QUELE, QUELL.] 

1. General or widespread mortality of men or 
animals; plague, pestilence. 

In OE. also used of the (violent) death of a single person. 

ciooo ^ELFRIC Horn. II. 122 Micel cwealm wearS ba;s 
folces. Ibid. 192 Cwealm on heora orfe. c nag O. E, Chron. 
(Laud MS.) an. 1125 Hunger & cwealm on men & on erue. 
t izos LAV. 31877 pe qualm muchele pe wes on moncunne. 
a 1150 Owl $ Night. 1 155 Thu bodest cualm of orwe. a 1340 
HAMPOLE Psalter cv. 29 And finees stode & quemyd & pe 
qualm left, c 1386 CHAUCER Knt.'s T, 1156 A thousand 
slayn and nat oon of qualm ystorue. 
b. Loss or damage. 

? a 1366 CHAUCER Rom. Rose 357 Ywys, great qualme [F. 
grant morie\ ne were it noon, Ne synne, although her lyf 
were gon. 1513 DOUGLAS sEneis x. L 31 Ouhen the fers 
burgh of Cartage To Romys bpuiidis . . Ane nuge myscheif 
and gret quhalm \ed. 1553 qualimj send sail. 

2. attrib.) as qualm-house^ -stow. 

c 75 Corpus Gloss. 2 Calvariac locus, cualmstou. c 1000 
MLFKIC Horn. II. 254 >a cempan hine gelaeddon to Ssere 
c weal m-st owe. a izzs Ancr. R. 106 pe munt of Caluarie . . 
was J>e cwalmsteou. Ibid. 140 Iput in one prisune, & bitund 
ase in one cwalm huse. 

t Qualm, sb." Obs. rare~~ l . [App. imitative ; 
cf. (j. galnt sound, noise.] Croak. 

c 1374 CHAUCER Troylus v. 382 Augurye of thise foweles. . 
As ravenes qualm, or schrychynge of thise owles. 

Qualm (kwam, kwgm), $b$ Forms : 6 quam- 
me (?calme), 6-7 qualme, quaume, qua(i)me, 
7quawme,quaern,6-qualm. [Of obscure origin : 
in form and sense identical with Da. kvaltne, 
\kvaliH) Sw. quaint, but these are app. not native 
words. Cf. G. (now dial.) qualm (kahii) swoon, 
faint, unconscious state (: MHG. twalm : see 
DWALM sb.}, and G. qualm (whence Da. koalni^ 
Sw. qvalni) vapour, steam, close air. 

OE. cwealm QUALM sbl had the sense * pain ', ' torment ', 
(see quots. in Bos w. -Toller), and some instances of qualm in 
i6-i7th c. use might conceivably mean * pain ', ' pang ' ; but 
historical evidence of connexion is wanting, and the sense 
of ' sick fit ', ' sickness* is possible in all the cases.] 

1. A (sudden) feeling or fit of faintness, illness, 
or sickness. (Now restricted to cases in which 
the seat of the disorder is in the stomach, but 
formerly in somewhat wider use.) 

c o R- COPLAND Jyl of Brentfords Test. 233 With 
qualmes & stytches it doth me torment, That all my body 
is tome and rent. 1565 JEWEL Repl. Harding (1611) 52 
If any quame or skknesse happen to fall vpon him. 1594 
T. B. La Primaud. Fr. Acad. 11. 139 Such as haue some 
quaume about their heart, so that they faint and sowne. 1683 
TRYON Way to Health 27 It makes the Stomach sick.. and 
sickish Qualms to arise. 1740 SOMERVILLE Hobbinol in. 219 
The sickly Qualms That grieve her Soul. 18*9 LYTTON 
Dcvcreitx u. v, Has the bottle bequeathed thee a qualm or 
a head-ache. 1874 BURNAND My time xxxii. 326 Breeze 
enough for sailing, . . no qualms to interfere with appetite. 

2. transf. a. A fit of sickening fear, misgiving, 
or depression ; a sudden sinking or faintness of 
heart. Now rare. 

a 1555 RIDLEY in Foxe A. <$ M. in. (1596) 446 The weake 
manne of God., will have now and then such thoughtes and 
quaumes (as they call them) to runne ouer his hart. 1624 
LD. KEEPER WILLIAMS in Fortesc. Papers (Camden) 203 
Acertayne qualme came over his stomacke to be of a Judge 
noe Judge. 171* ARBUTHNOT John Bull HI. iii, Many a 
doubt, many a qualm, overspread his clouded imagination. 
179* MARY WOLLSTONECR. Rights Wont. v. 236, [II soon 
heard, with the sickly qualm of disappointed hope. .that she 
was no more. 1861 Sat. Rev. 21 Dec. 636 Apt to leave 
qualms and misgivings on the sensitive . . temperament. 

b. A strong scruple of conscience ; a painful 
doubt or consciousness of acting wrongly. 

1649 MILTON Eikon. xxviii. 240 Unedified consciences apt 
to engage their Leaders in great affaires and then, upon 
a sudden qualm and swimming of their conscience, betray 
them. 1687 T. BROWN Saints in [SflroarWks. 1730 I. 77 
So strangely troubled with qualms of conscience. 1749 
FIELDING Tom Jones vi. xiii, It was absurd . . to affect any 
qualms about this trifle. 1806 JEFFERSON Writ. (1830) IV, 
55 One qualm of principle .. I do feel. 1863 KINGLAKE 
Crimea (1877) II. xiv. 241 It was natural that some of the 
members of the Government should have qualms. 

C. A fit or sudden access of some quality, prin- 
ciple, etc. (Now only with suggestion of prec.) 

a 1626 BP. ANDREWES Serm., Repent, fy Fasting (1661) 170, 
I doubt ours hath been rather a flash, a qualme, a brunt 
than otherwise. 1655 FULLER Ch. Hist. in. v. 55 Although 
this qualm of Loyalty took this Church for the present. 
'$55 JER. TAYLOR Guide Devot. (1719) 125 If the Fit or 
Qualm of my Devotion holds out longer. 1820 W. IRVING 
Sketch Bk. II, 282 Immediately after one of these fits of 
extravagance, he will be taken with violent qualms of 
economy. 1873 BROWNING Red Cott. Nt.-cap 269 Had he 
a devotion-fit? Clara grew serious with like qualm. 

3. Comb,, as qualm-sick adj. 

1718 Entertainer No. 30. 202 [They] grew qualm-sick at 
the Common Prayer. vj*$Mickmakisff Marie heets 55 She 
. . blows the smoak towards his nostrils, even sometimes so 
violently, as to make him qualm-sick. 1880 BURTON Queen 
Anne II. xi. 189 Qualm-sick stomachs of., self. conceited 
hypocrites. 

t Qualm, s&.* Obs. rare- 1 , [var. of WALM, 
perh. after G. qualm steam.] The act of boiling. 

1599 A. M. tr. Gabelhouer's Bk. Physickc 4/1 Let it seeth 
tin the fyer one qualme or two. 

Qualm, v.i [Connected with QUALM sl>* Cf. 
Da. kvatme to have a qualm, and G. (now dial.) 
qiialmcn 'kalmen} to swoon, be unconscious.] 



19 

f 1. intr. To have a qualm or qualms. (Cf. ] 
QUALM ING vbl. s/>. and///, a.} Otis. 

1565 COOPKR Thesaurus^ Deficerc^ I faynte, sounde, or 
qualme for heate. 1603 FLOKIO tr. Montaigne in. xiii. 
(1807) VI. 253 My stomacke begins to qualme, my head 
feeleth a violent aking. 

2. a. trans. To make sick. b. absol. To induce 
qualms, rare. 

1611 BEAUM. & FL. Scornful Lady iv. i, How I grew 
qualm'd in love. 1713 Gentleman Instructed in. viii. 434 
Knvy qualms on his Kowels, Prodigality on his Purse. 1884 
G. H. BOUGHTON in Harper's Mag. Oct. 701/1 If one is . . 
qualmed by the show of. .confectionery. 

t Qualm, v. ' 2 Obs. rare - 1 . [var. of WALM, 
perh. after G. qualmen to steam.] To boil. 

1599 A. M. tr. Gabelhouer's Bk. Physicke 8/2 Take thre 
quartes of Lye.. and let it qualme a little on the fyer. 

Qua'lminess. [f. QUALMY + -NESS.] The 

condition of being qualm y ; nausea. 

1778 J. ADAMS Diary 19 Feb., Wks. 1851 III. 98 The 
smell of the ship, .or any other offensive smell will increase 
the qualminess. 1884 Miss DILLWVN Jill II. xi. 181 The 
swell made my qualminess increase. 

t Qua'lming, vbl. $b. Obs. rare. [f. QUALM 
#.!] The fact of having a qualm or qualms. 

1565 COOPER Thesaurus, Defectio^ ,. the quaulmyng or 
sownyng of women after conception. 1596 BARROUCH Afc/. 
Physick 450 It taketh away qwalming and ouercasting of 
the hart. 

t Qua'lming, ///. a. Obs. [f. as prec.] a. 
That has a qualm or qualms, b. Of the nature of 
a fit or sudden access (cf.' QUALM sb$ 2 c). 

1576 FLEMING tr. Cants' Dogs in Arb. Garner III. 267 To 
succour and strengthen quailing and qualming stomachs. 
1635 QUARLES Embl. v. ii. 36 Let lesses sov'raigne Flow'r 
perfume my qualming brest. 16^3 MILTON Divorce Introd. 
(1851) 6 Till they get a little cordial sobriety to settle their 
qualming zeal. 

Qualmire : see QUALLMIBE. 
Qualmish, (kwa'mij, kwg'mij), a. [f. QUALM 
sb.t + -ISH!.] 

1. Of persons : Affected with a qualm or qualms ; 
tending, or liable, to be so affected. 

1548 UDALL Erasm. Par. Luke Pref. 3 Our soule is 

?ualmishe ouer this meate. 1599 SHAKS. Hen. V> v. i. 22, 
am qualmish at the smell of Leeke. 1670 DRYDEN Tyran. 
Lffue iv. L Qualmish and loathing all you had before : Yet 
with a sickly Appetite to more. 1748 SMOLLETT Rod, 
Rand. Ixix, My dear ange! has been qualmish of late. 1816 
SCOTT Fam. Lett. 25 Dec. (1804) I. xii. 388 The . .dog arrived 
.. a little lean and qualmish however after his sea voyage. 
1860 MOTLEY Netherl. (1868) I. viii. 521 Elizabeth was not 
desirous of peace . . she was qualmish at the very suggestion. 

2. Of feelings, etc. : Of the nature of a qualm. 
1798 Sporting Mag. XII. 195, I began to feel some very 

qualmish symptoms. 1860 1'. MARTIN Horace 217 Our 
qualmish sickness drown In Caecuban divine ! 

3. Of things : Apt to produce qualms, rare. 
1826 DISRAELI Viv. Creyvi. i, It is like a qualmish liqueur 

in the midst of a bottle of wine. 

Hence Qua'lmislily (/./;-. ; Qualmishness. 

a 1650 MAY Satir. Puppy (1657) 105 She would be as 
leacherous as the Mountaine-Goate, had not Natures 
qualmishnesse proved a strong contradiction to her desire. 
1844 ALB. SMITH Adv. Mr. Ledbury ii. (1886) 8 On approach- 
ing the Foreland the first sensations of qualmishness became 
apparent. _ 1845 W. CORY Lett. $ Jrnls. (1897) 32 Think- 
ing about it keenly and qualmishly. 

Qualmy (kwa'mi, kwjxmi), a. Also 6 quamie. 
[f. QUALM sb$ + -Y.] = QUALMISH. 

1563 LEIGH Artnorie (1597) 120 Neyther abounding in hole 
desire, neither oppressed with quamie colde. 1600 S. 
NICHOLSON Acolaslus (1876) 38 Astonisht in a qualmy 
traunce. 1846 LANUOR Exam. Shaks. Wks. II. 274, I my- 
self did feel queerish and qualmy. 1884 Miss DILLWYN Jill 
II. xi. 178 The mere smell of it makes one feel qualmy. 

Hence Qua imyish a., somewhat qnalmy. 

1831 Blackw. Mag. XXX. 975 With a queerish and 
qualmyish feeling. 

II Qualtagh (kwa-Hax). [Manx, also written 
quaaltagh, \. quaail (= Ir. and Gael, comhdhail) 
meeting.] The first person one meets after leav- 
ing home on some special occasion ; also, the 
first person entering a house on New Year's Day, 
the first-foot. 

1891 MOORE Folk-lore Isle of Man 103 It was considered 
fortunate if the qualtagh were a person .. of dark com- 
plexion. 1894 HALL CAINE Manxman 59, 1 should be first- 
foot here, only I'm no use as a qualtagh. 

Quam, obs. form of WHOM. 

Quamash (kwamse-J, kwg'mzep. See also 
CAMAS. [N. American Indian.] A North Ameri- 
can liliaceous plant (Camasria esculenta], the bulbs 
of which are used for food by the American 
Indians. Eastern qnamash (see quot. 1868). 

1814 Lewis y Clarke's Exp. (1893) 958 The Chopunnish 
are now dispersed in villages, .for the purpose of collecting 
quamash. 1868 Rep. U. S. Commissioner Agric. (1869)452 
The plant [Camus] is otherwise known as the eastern 
quamash, or wild hyacinth, and in botanical nomenclature is 
Scilla Fraseri. 1882 Garden 13 May 323/3 The white 
Camassia..[is] not nearly so showy as the blue Quamash. 

Quame, var. of QUEMK, v. ; obs. f. QUALM sb. 

tQuamire. Obs. Also 6 -myre, -mier, 8 
fftuTwhftmlre. [?var. of quail- or quffvemirt'. 
see QUAGMIRE, and cf. Sc. quaiv-mirc s.v. QTJAW.] 
A quagmire, bog. Alsoy^ r . 

1555 KIJKN Dcfatfts 99 Muddy marysshus full of suche 
qimmyrcs lhat mun are oflentymes bwalowtd vp in them. 



QUANT. 



. . burieth them in a quamire. 1703 THOKKSBY Let. to Kay 
27 Apr. (E. D. S.i, lykamire, a quagmire. 

Quamoclit (kwae-m^klit). [Corruption of 
Mexican quamo'chitl (c/i t^, f. qua- t comb, form 
of quaiuti tree. + -motkitl t of unknown meaning. 

The erroneous form guatnoclit^ found as early as 1689 in 
Tournefort's Schola Rotanica^ is the basis of imaginary 
etymologies from Greek and Sanskrit,] 

A sub-genus of climbing plants with brilliant 
flowers found in the tropical parts of America 
and Asia, belonging to the genus Ipomaa. (For- 
merly regarded as a distinct genus.) 

1731 MILLER Card. Diet. s. y., Quamoclit with very fine, 
cut, winged Leaves, .. called in Barbadoes Sweet-William. 
"753 CHAMBERS Cycl, 6"t//., The species of quamoclit, 
enumerated by Mr. Tournefort, are these [etc.]. fbid, t 
Quamoclit differs from bindweed, or convolvulus, in the 
shape of the flower. 1755 Gentl. Mag. XXV. 408 As to 
specimens 1 sent you ofthe bastard quamoclit [printed 
quarnoclifj. 1841 Penny Cycl. XIX. 193/1 Quamoclit .. 
vulgaris is common in every part of India. 1892 BENTHAM 
& HOOKER Brit. Flora (ed. 6) 305 The exotic genus Ipomcea, 
including Pharbitis and Quamoclit.. supplies some of our 
most beautiful greenhouse and hothouse climbers. 

Quan, obs. form of GUAN, WHEN. 

Quandary (kwnde**ri, kwg'ndari), sb. Also 
6 quandare, -arye, 6-7 -arie, 8-9 quondary. 
[Of unknown origin ; in common use from c \ 580. 

Possibly a corruption of some term of scholastic Latin. 
The suggestions that it is ad.F. qu'en dirai-je 'what shall 
I say of it? 1 that it represents ME. wandreth, or is an 
abbrev. of hypochondry^ are (apart from other considera- 
tions) condemned by the fact that the original stressing is 
quanda'ry. Recent diets, favour qua'ndary, given by Jonn- 
son (who calls it ' a low word ') and Webster, but not accepted 
by Sheridan, Walker, or Smart.] 

A state of extreme perplexity or uncertainty ; 
a dilemma causing (great) mental agitation or dis- 
tress ; fa ticklish plight. Freq. in phr. in a 
(great, sad, etc.) quandary. 

1579 LYLY Euphues (Arb.) 45 Euphues.. departed, leaving 
this olde gentleman in a great quandarie. i$8a STANY- 
HURST &neis iv. (Arb.) 94 The Queene in meane while 
with carks quandare deepe anguisht [etc.]. 1611 BEAUM. & 
FL. Knt. Burn. Pestle \. i, Much I fear, forsaking of my 
diet, Will bring me presently to that quandary, I shall bid 
all adieu. 1652 C. B. STAPYLTON Herodian xvi. 135 The 
Nobles, Gentry, Souldiers in quandaries . . To Turret tops 
he fetches more Vagaries, a 1740 SHEFFIELD (Dk. Buckhm.) 
IVks. (1729) 201 Apollo now driv'n to a cursed Quandary 
was wishing for Swift, or for fam'd Lady Mary. 1751 
SMOLLETT Per. Pic. (1779) I. ii. 9 Thof he be sometimes 
thrown into perilous passions ana quandaries. 1847 ' l! '' 
RAELI Tancred u. iv, All his quandaries terminated in the 
same catastrophe ; a compromise. 1875 JOWETT Plato (ed. 2) 
I. 229 Now I was in a great quandary at having to answer 
this question. 

t Quandary, v. Obs. rare. [f. prec.] a. trans. 
To perplex, put in a quandary, b. intr. To be 
in a quandary. 

1616 T. ADAMS Soul's Sickness Wks. 1861 I. 505 He quan- 
daries, whether to goe forward to God, or, with Demas, to 
turne backe to the world. x68i OTWAY Soldier s Fort* in. i, 
Methinks I am quandary'd like one going with a Party to 
discover the Enemy's Camp, but had lost his Guide upon 
the Mountains. 

Quandong (kwarncVrj, kwg-n-). Also quan- 
dang, -dung, quon(g)dong, quantong. [Ab- 
original Australian.] a. An Australian tree of 
the sandal-wood order (Fusanus acuminatus or 
Santalum acuminatunt), or its edible drupaceous 
fruit, which is of a blue colour and about the size 
of a cherry ; also called native peachy-tree}, b. 
A large Australian scrub-tree {Eleocarpus gi'andis)) 
or its fruit. Also attrib., as quandong-nut , -tree. 

1839 T. L. MITCHELL 3 Exped. 135 (Morris) In all these 
scrubs on the Murray the Fusanus acuminatus is common, 
and produces the quandang nut. 1850 CLUTTERBUCK Port 
Phillip 1 1. 30 The indigenous Quandang . . is the only really 
palatable fruit that grows in the wilds of Port Phillip. 1857 
W. HOWITT Tallangetta I. 41 (Morris) Abundance of fig .. 
trees, cherries, loquots, quondongs. 1859 H. KINCSLEY G. 
Hamlyn xxx. (1894) 279 Such quantongs, such raspberries, 
surpassing imagination. 1887 FARRELL How he Died 20 
Where barren fig-tree and. .quandong Bloom on lone roads. 

Quann(e, obs. forms of WHEN. 

Quannet (kwg-net). Also quonet. [Of ob- 
scure origin.] A flat file set in a frame, and used 
as a plane in filing flat surfaces, as in comb-making. 

1842 WHITTOCK Complete Book of Trades 225 The comb- 
m-ikers use a tool.. called a quonet, having coarse single 
teeth, to the number of about seven or eight to an inch. 
1875 KNIGHT Diet. Mech. 1842/1 Qnannet. 

Quanon, variant of KANOON. 

Quant (kwsent, kwont), sb. Also 5 quante, 
(qv-), whante, 9 quont. [? ad. L. contus (Gr. 
OI/TOS) boat-pole. Current in E. Anglia and Kent 
(in the latter also 'a young oak -sapling, a walk- 
ing-stick ') : the northern equivalent is KENT st>*] 
A pole for propelling a boat, esp. one with a flat 
cap to prevent it sinking in the mud, used by barge- 
men on the east coast. 

^1440 Prontp. Parv. 418/2 Quante, or sprete, rodde.., 
contus. Ibid, 523/2 Whante, or qvante. 1687 SHADWELL 
Juvenal 38 Contus signifies a Quant or Sprt.-tt, with which 
they shove Boats. 1847-78 in HALLIWEI.L. 1883 G. C. 

3-2 



QUANT. 

DAVIES Norfolk Broads iv. 25 When the wind fails, the 
men betake themselves to the 'quant', which is a long 
slender pole with a knob at one end and a spike and 
shoulder at the other. 1893 DOUGHTY Wherry in Wend. 
Lands 167 To get all sail off her, and undertake a tough 
job with the quants. 

Quant (kwsent, kwgnt), v. [f. prec.] a. traits. 
To propel (a boat) with a quant. Also absol. 
b. iitlr. Of a boat : To be propelled with a quant. 

1865 [implied in QUANTING vbl. sb.\ 1883 G. C. DAVIK'S 
Norfolk Broads v. 37 The water was too deep for us to 

auant pur punt. 1887 W. RYE Nor/oik Breads p. ii, Great 
isinclinations to quant or scull. 1893 Toynl-ec Rec. 90 

Now her stern, now a broadside, is toward us . . as she quants 

against the breeze. 

Hence Qua nting vtl. sb. (also atlrib.} 
1865 W. WHITE East. Eng. I. 84 Wherry men, to whom 

the operation of 'quanting' is very familiar. 1883 G. C. 

DAVIES Norfolk Broads x. 77 There may be a quanting. 

match. 1887 W. RYE Norfolk Broads 39 We and the 

wherry, by dint of very hard quanting, managed . . to get as 

far as the ruins. 

tQuantal, a. Obs. rare-', [f. as next + 
-AL.J = ALIQUANT. 

01696 SCARBURGH Euclid (1705) 177 A Quanta! part 
measures not the whole: but repeated is either less or 
greater than it. 

t Qualitative, a. Obs. rare. [For quantita- 
tive, as if f. L. quanl-us + -ATIVE : cf. QUANTI- 
TIVE. (But pern, a misprint in both quots.)] 
= QUANTITATIVE. 

1644 DIGBY Nat. Bodies iii. 30 In compounding and 
diuiding of bodies according to quantatiue [1669 quanti- 
tive] panes. 1661 GLANVILL Van. Dogm. 29 Motion cannot 
be received but by quantative dimension. 

Quantic (kwo-ntik). Math. [f. L. quant-us 
how much + -ic.] A rational, integral, homo- 
geneous function of two or more variables. 

A quantic according to its dimensions b a quadric, cubic, 
quartic, etc. according as it is of the and, 3rd, 4th, etc. degree ; 
and is binary, ternary, quaternary, etc. according as it has 
two, three, four, etc variables. 

1854 A. CAYLEY Wks. (1887) II. 224 We may instead of a 
single quantic consider two or more qualities. 1881 BURN- 
SIDE & PANTON Th. Eguat. Introd. p. 4 A polynomial is 
sometimes called a quantic. 1806 E. B. ELLIOTT (title) An 
Introduction to the Algebra of Quantics. 

Hence Qna-ntical a., relating to quantics. 

Quantifiable (kwo-ntifai ab'l), a. [f. QUAN- 
TIFY v. + -ABLE.] That may be conceived or 
treated as a quantity ; that may be measured with 
regard to quantity. 

1883 A. BARRATT Phys. Mctempiric p. xxv, Those mutual 
relations of conscious centres which are measurable and 
quantifiable. 1893 Attautmm 11 Nov. 667/2 It is the latter 
kind only [of feeling] which is immediately and necessarily 
quantifiable. 

Quantification (kwr^ntifik^ 1 Jan), [f. QUAN- 
TIFY v. : see -FICATION.] The action of quantifying. 

Quantification of the predicate: the expression of the 
logical quantity of the predicate of a proposition, by apply- 
ing to the predicate the sign all, or some, or an equivalent ; 
a device introduced chiefly by Sir W. Hamilton, and in- 
tended to simplify logical processes. 

<ri84o SIR W. HAMILTON Logic (1866) II. 297 Because the 
universal quantification of the predicate is, in this instance, 
materially false, is such quantification, therefore, always 
formally illegal? 1864 BOWEN Logic vii. 181 It is enough 
that the quantifications of the Middle Term in both Premises, 
added together, should exceed unity. 1881 PIAZZI SMITH 
in Nature XXVI. 552 All that we require for the. .quanti- 
fication of watery vapour. 

Quantified, ///. a. [f. next + -ED I.J Pos- 
sessing or endowed with quantity; measured or 
determined with respect to quantity. 

1589 R. BRUCE Serm. (1843) 87^0 make it, at ane time,. . 
a bodie and not a bodie, quantified and not quantified. 
1840 SIR W. HAMILTON Logic App. (1866) II. 259 The real 
terms compared in the Convertend. .are not the naked, but 
the quantified. 1847 LEWES Hist. Philos. (1867) II. 481 
The discovery of precise quantities proves the objectivity of 
something quantified. 1870 JEVONS Logic 186 Immediate 
inference by added determinant.. can also be applied.. to 
quantified propositions. 

Quantify (kwg-ntifsi) , v. [ad. med. L. quant i- 
ficare (Du Cange), f. quant-tis how great: see 
QUANTITY and -FY.] 

1. Logic. To make explicit the extent to which a 
term is referred to in a proposition, by prefixing 
all or some or an equivalent word to the term. 

< 1840 SIR W. HAMILTON Logic App. (1866) II. 261 Ordinary 
language quantifies the Predicate so often as this determina- 
tion becomes of the smallest import. Hid. 272 Let us . . 
overtly quantify the subject . . and say, A II men are animals. 
1864 BOWEN Logic v. 127 They further maintain, that the 
Predicate is never quantified particularly in a Negative 
Judgment. 1887 [see INDEFINITE a. 4]. 

2. To determine the quantity of, to measure. 
1878 LOCKYER Stargazing 152 The magnification .. of 

space, which enables minute portions of it to be most 
accurately quantified. i88z PIAZZI SMITH in Nature XXVI. 
551 A meteorological spectroscope . . may also . . be able to 
quantify . . the proportions of such aerial supply of water-gas. 

Hence Qua-ntifying^>/. a. 

1847 SIR W. HAMILTON Let. to A. de Morgan 43 Logi- 
cians., have referred the quantifying predesignations flu- 
rum, and the like, to the most opposite heads. 

Quantitative (kwg-ntitAiv), . and**, [ad. 
med.L. qtiantitatlvus : see QUANTITY and -IVE. 
Cf. F. quantitatif(iKfi6 in Godef. CV>///.).] 



20 

A. 1. Possessing quantity, magnitude, or spatia 
extent. Now rare. 

1581 MARBECK Bk. of Notes 40 [Angels occupy] no 
bodilie place, no several! nor quantitative place. 163. 
JACKSON Creed vii. xxvi. 5 The world in the original dot! 
not signify this visible or quantitative world. 1697 J. SKK 
GEANT Solid Philos. 22 The Body, only which (and not thi 
Soul) is Quantitative. 1847 LEWES Hist. Philos. (1867) II 
481 The fact that we discover quantitative space and time. 

2. That is, or may be, considered with respect to 
the quantity or quantities involved ; estimated or 
estimable by quantity. 

1656 Artif. Handsom. 44 This Quantitative Adultery 
which . . makes far more grosse alterations, & substantial 
changes of nature. 1661 GLANVILL Van. Dogm. 221 The 
colour of mens eyes is various, nor is there less diversity in 
their quantitative proportions. 1841 GROVE Corr. Phys. 
For. (ed. 61 142 An invariable quantitative relation to each 
other. 1858 J. MARTINEAU Stud. Ckr. 160 Not as its 
quantitative equal .. but as a moral equivalent. 187; 
FARRAR St. Paul (1883) 43 The enormous error that man . . 
can win by quantitative goodness his entrance into the 
Kingdom of God. 

3. Relating to, concerned with, quantity or its 
measurement ; ascertaining or expressing quantity. 

1668 WILKINS RealChar. in. vii. 325 Relative and Quanti- 
tative Pronouns. 1830 HERSCHEL Stud. Nat. Phil. 123 It 
is a character of all the higher laws of nature to assume the 
form of precise quantitative statement. 1849 D. CAMPBELL 
Inorg. Chem. Pref. 4 Tables for assisting in the calculations 
of quantitative analysis. l88a FARRAR Early Chr. I. 125 
The quantitative conceptions of Jewish formalism. 

4. Pertaining to, based on, vowel-quantity. 

1799 Itlonthly Rev. XXIX. 49 The quantitative accent, 
as it may be called, follows the analogy of the Latin. 1871 
LOWELL Study Wind. (1886) 241 The best quantitative 
verses in our language are lo be found in Mother Goose. 

B. sb. t a. A sign that indicates quantity. Obs. 
b. That which possesses or involves quantity. 

1668 WILKINS Real Char. in. ii. 305 Of all which [pro- 
nouns] it is to be observed, that they are in some kind or 
other, Quantitative*. 1846 SABINE tr. Humboldt's Cosmos 
(1847) I. 179 An effort .. to investigate the quantitative in 
the laws of one of the great phenomena of nature. 

Quantitatively, adv. [f. prec. + -LY 2 .] 
In a quantitative manner ; in respect of quantity. 

1593 R. HARVEY Philad. 21 He and his surveyed it quan- 
titatively. 1614 GATAKER Transutst. 115 With quant itir, 
but not quantitatively. 1644 DIGBY Of Man's Soul x. 423 



347 The magr. 

silica were not determined quantitatively. 1870 ROLLESTON 
Anim. Life Introd. 49 The brain holds a more favorable 
relation quantitatively to the body and to the spinal cord. 

So Qua'ntitativeness, the quality or condition 
of being quantitative. 

1858 H. SPENCER Ess. I. 225 The more specific, character- 
istic of scientific previsions . . their quantitativeness. 1873 
Stud. Social. (1882) 45 Where they are quantitative, their 
quantitativeness . . is mostly very indefinite. 

t Qua-utitied, a. 06s. [f. QUANTITY + -ED 2 .] 
Endowed with quantity or spatial magnitude. 

1605 SYLVESTER Du Bar/as 11. iii. I. Abraham 1115 
Alwaies in some place are Angels . . selfly limited, And 
joyn'd to place, yet not as quantiti'd. 

Quantitive (kwo-ntitiv), a, [f. QUANTITY + 
-IVE : cf. qualitive,] = QUANTITATIVE. 

1656 STANLEY Hist. Philos. v. (1701) 159/2 Neither equal, 
nor certain, nor quantitive, nor qualitative. 1669 [see 
QUANTATIVE]. 1817 G. S. FABER Expiat. Sacrif. 148 By 
what intelligible process can we estimate the quantitive 
proportions of two dissimilar oblations? 1881-3 SCHAFP 
Encyc.1. Relig. Knowl. II. 1553 He can make no other dis- 
tinction between them . . than a quantitive one. 

Hence Qna-ntitively at/v. = QUANTITATIVELY. 

i8T G. S. FABER Expiat. Sacrif. 149 The only mode, .in 
which things dissimilar can be quantitively compared. 1871 
B. STEWART Heat 402 To estimate either temperature 
or hardness quantitively. 

Quantity (kwg'ntiti). Forms: 4-6 quan- 
tite, -yte, (4 -itee, -ytee, 5 whantite), 6 quaun- 
tit, 6-7 quantitie, (6 -etie), 6- quantity, [a. 
OF. quantiti, ad. L. quantitas, -dtem, f. quant-us 
how much, how great : see -ITY.] 

I. 1. Size, magnitude, dimensions. In widest 
sense implying magnitude in three dimensions, but 
sometimes contextually limited to (a) thickness or 
stoutness, (b) extent of surface, area, (c) linear 
extension, length, height. Obs. exc. Math. 

1387 TREVISA Higden (Rolls) 1. 49 Asia is most in quantite, 
Europa is lasse. c 1400 MAUNDEV. (Roxb.) xxi. 96 J>are er 
ober also of less quantitee, as it ware of be mykill of a 
mannes thee. 1416 LYDG. De Guil. Pilgr. 5845 Sawh thow 
euere . . Off nianhys herte the quantyte ? 1470-85 MALORY 
Arthur v. viii, A grete gyaunt . . whiche was a man of an 
huge quantyte and heyghte. 1578 LYTE Dodoens I. Ixix. 
102 The roote is long, of the quantite of one's fingar. Ibid. 
n. v. 153 White huskes . . of the quantitie of a groote, or 
1 esterne. 1634 LITHGOW Trav. vi. 298 A Dromidore, and 
Camel differ.. not in quantity, being of one height, bredth, 
and length. 1669 STURMY Mariner s Mag. v. 17 How to find 
the just Quantity or Content of any Piece of Ground. 1682 
R. BURTON Adtnir. Curios. (1684) 30 Diamonds are found 
in many places,, .their quantity is from a Pease to a Walnut 
1830 KATER & LARDNER Mech. i. 4 The quantity of a surface 
is called its area; and the quantity of a line .. its length. 

t b. A dimension. Obs. rare ~ '. 

1590 STOCKWOOD Rules Constr. 4^8 Whether the word of 
measure do signifie the depth, height, length, thicknes, or 
any such quantitie of a thing. 

t c. An amount equal to the volume of. Obs. 



QUANTITY. 

1610 B. JONSON Alch. n. i, Taking. .on a knife's point, 
The quantity of a grain of mustard. 1694 SALMON Bait's 
Dispens. (1713) i 5 i/: Of this Balsam .. the Patient may 
take the Quantity of a pretty large Chestnut. 
2. Amount, sum. a. Of material things not subject 
to, or not usually estimated by.spatial measurement. 
1400 MAUNDEV. (Roxb.) xxxi. 142 Of bairn bai gader 
boumbe in grete quantitee. 1533 ELYOT Cast. Helthe (1539) 
36 a, Ale and here . .flo ingender more grosse vapours, and 
corrupt humors, than wine doth, beinge drunke in lyke 
excesse of quantitie. 1683 TRYON Way to Health (1697) 
205 Of the Quantity of Children's Food. 1769 De Foe's 
Ttmr Gt. Brit. (ed. 7) II. 64 Fern, which formerly grew in 
great Quantity there. 1849 NOAD Electricity 188 The 
quantity of the Electric current bears a relation to the size 
of the plates. 

b. Of immaterial things. 

c 1375 Sc. Leg. Saints x. (.Matthew} 576 Nothire for IK 
ennormyte of fe syne, na be quantyte. c 1400 tr. Secret* 
Secret., Gov. Lordsh, 106 Chese a sotell man . . to shewe be 
quantyte of by hynes. 1431 Rolls of Parlt. IV. 403/1 
There should no man ben amerced bote after the quantite 
of his trespas. c 1485 Digby Myst. iv. 621 After the whantite 
of sorofull remembrance. 1611 SHAKS. Cytnb. iv. ii. 17, 
I louethee. .How much the quantity, the waightasmuch,As 
I do loue my Father. 1647 N. BACON Disc. Govt. Eng. i. liii. 
(1739) 94 Fine and Pledges shall be according to the quantity 
of the offence. 1780 BENTHAM 1'rinc. Legist, xvii. 15 
Any punishment is subservient to reformation in proportion 
to its quantity. 1817 POLLOK Course T. v in, He prayed by 
quantity. 

t c. Of money, payment, etc. Obs. 
1460 FORTESCUE Abs. $ Lint. Mon. vi. (1885) 121 The 
iiij lk or the v" parte of the quantite of his expenses. 1518 
Gal-way Arch, in loth Rep. Hist. MSS. Comm. App. v. 403 
That some or quauntit of such monye as they playe for. 
a 1548 HALL Chron., Edvi. IV 223 b, The fees of canonizyng 
of a kyng, wer of so great a quantitie at Rome [etc.]. 1600 
HAMILTON in Cath. Tract. (S. T. S.) 219 The qualitie and 
quantitie of the oblation. 1714 FORTESCUE-ALAND Pref. 
Fortcscue's Abs. $ Lim. Man. 48 The Lord was to forfeit 
30*. which was then near as much in Quantity as 5/. now. 
'775 JOHNSON Tax. no Tyr. 15 The quantity of this payment. 

td. Number, numbers. (Cf. o.) Obs. rare. 
I4S SIR G. HAVE Law Arms (S. "f. S.) 10 The cristin 
men.. war all persewit and put to dede in grete quantitee. 
1581 N. BURNE in Cath. Tract. (S. T. S.) 135 To mak 
Chalices of gold and siluer in mair quantitie and abound- 
ance nor befoir. 

3. Length or duration in time. Now only in the 
legal phrase Quantity of estate, the length of time 
during which the right of enjoyment of an estate 
is to continue. 

c 1391 CHAUCER Astral, ll. { j Rekne thanne the quantite 
of tyme in the bordure by-twixe bothe prikkes. Ibid. 9 
To Knowe the quantite of the day vulgare. 1588 A. KING 
tr. Canisius G vij, According to the quantitie of the yere, 
obserueit in that age to contene 304 dayes. 1818 CRUISE 
Digest (ed. 2) II. 354 The alteration in the particular estate 
. .must amount to an alteration in its quantity. 1841 Penny 
Cycl. _XIX. 46/1 Where the word Estate is used in its 
technical sense, it . . [means] the quantity and quality of 
enjoyment of the thing. 

b. Pros. Length or shortness of sounds or syl- 
lables, determined by the time required to pro- 
nounce them. Chiefly used with reference to 
Greek and Latin verse, in which the metres are 
based on quantity. False quantity : see FALSE a. i. 
1563-7 BUCHANAN Reform. St. Andros Wks. (1892) 9 Thys 
classe sal reid . . sum buik of Ouide, and the quantiteis of 
syllabes. 1586 W. WEBBE Eng . Poetrie (Arb.) 69 As for the 
quantity of our wordes, therein lyeth great difficultye. 
a 1637 B. JONSON Eng. Gram, iii, All our vowels are . . In 
quantity (which is time) long or short. 1717-41 CHAMBERS 
Cycl. s.v., The quantity of the syllables is but little fixed in 
the modern tongues. 1774 WARTON Hist. Eng. Poetry 
(1840) I. Diss. ii. 108 King Chilperic.. wrote two books of 
Latin verses . . without any idea of the common quantities. 
1850 THACKERAY Virgin, v, George knew much more Latin 
. . than his master, and caught him in perpetual . . false 
quantities. 1887 RUSKIN Praeterita II. 275 A rightly bred 
scholar who knew his grammar and his quantities. 
C. Mus. Length or duration of notes. 
1597 MORLEY Introd. Mus. a The quantitie of euery note 
and rest in the song. 1674 PLAYFORD Skill Mus. I. vii. 24 
Measure in this Science is a Quantity of the length and 
shortness of Time. iSix BUSBY Diet. Mus. s.v., Quantity, 
in music, .does not signify the number of notes, or syllables, 
but their relative duration. 

4. In the most abstract sense, esp. as the subject 
of mathematics : That property of things which is 
involved in the questions ' how great ? ' or ' how 
much ? ' and is determinable, or regarded as being 
so, by measurement of some kind. 

In this sense continuous and discrete quantity are dis- 
tinguished : see DISCRETE 2. ' Quantity ' is the second of 
the ten Aristotelian categories. 

1530 PALSCR. Introd. 144 Some [adverbs] betoken quantite. 
1570, 1687, etc. [see DISCRETE]. 1690 LOCKE Hum. Und. 
iv. iii. (1695) 314 The Ideas of Quantity are not those alone 
:hat are capable of Demonstration and Knowledge. 1756 
BuRKE^wW. Sf B. ni.ii, All proportions, every arrangement of 
quantity, is alike to the understanding. 1797 Encycl. Brit. 
ed. 3) XV. 741/1 Mathematics is. .employed in discovering 
and stating many relations of quantity. 1864 UOWEN Logic 
ii. 185 Mathematics is the science of pure quantity. 

5. Logic, a. The extension or intension of a term, 
distinguished as extensive and intensive quantity 

^see the adjs.). b. The degree of extension which 
T proposition gives to the term forming its subject, 
and according to which it is said to be universal, 
particular, singular, and indefinite or indetermi- 
nate (see these words). 



QUANTITY. 

1668 WILKINS Real Char. in. i. 306 Another, A certain 
one, Some one, are for their Quantities, Singulars or Par- 
ticulars indeterminate. 1697 tr. Burgendicius' Logic i. 
xxix 115 In Respect to Quantity, an Enunciation la diviiMd 
into Universal, Particular, Indefinite, and Singular. 1725 
WATTS Logic (1726) 160 Both particular and universal Pro- 
positions which agree in Quality but not in Quantity are 
call'd Subaltern. 183*-* [see INTENSION 5, EXTENSIVE 5]. 
1843 MILL Logic I. n. ii. i According to what are called the 
quantity and quality of propositions. 1864 BOWEN Logic 
v. 120 We may inquire concerning the number of objects 
about which we judge, and thus determine the Quantity, 
or Extension, of the Judgment. [See also EXTENSION 8 b.] 

f 6. Relative or proportional size or amount, 
proportion. Obs. rare. 

1551 RECORDE Cast. Ktiowl. (1556) 146 Euery darke body 
giueth shadowe accordinge to the quantitie that it beareth 
to that shyning body, which giueth the light. 1602 SHAKS. 
Ham. 111. ii. 177 For womens Feare and Loue, holds 
quantitie. In neither ought, or in extremity : .. And as my 
Loue is siz'd, my Feare is so. 

7. Great or considerable amount or bulk. 

'753 HOGARTH Anal. Beauty vi. 29 Windsor castle is 
a noble instance of the effect of quantity. 1877 RAYMOND 
Statist. Mines $ Mining 175 Only the smelting-ores have 
been extracted in quantity. 

11. 8. A (specified) portion or amount of 
an article or commodity. Also transf. of imma- 
terial things. (Cf. 2 above.) 

c 1325 Poem times Edw. //(Percy) xlii, Give the goodman 
to drink A gode quantite. c 1400 MAUNDEV. (Roxb.) viii. 31 
Of J>is liquour bai giffe a lytill quantitee til pilgrimes. 1484 
CAXTON Fables ofAlfonce xi, A grete dele or quantite of 
mostard. 1526 Pilgr. Perf. (W. de W. 1531) 64 A lytell 
quantite of sande in an other lytell bagge. 1602 SHAKS. 
Ham. v. i. 203 Fortie thousand Brothers Could not (with all 
there quantitie of Loue) Make up my summe. 1696 LUT- 
TRELL KriefRel. (1857) IV. 4 Having received great quantities 
of broad money from Exeter in ord_er to clip it. 1752 JOHN- 
SON Rambler No. 203 f 10 A certain quantity or measure of 
renown. 1793 BEDDOES Calculus 223 A small quantity of 
azotic air. 1825 LAMB Elia Ser. n. Stage Illusion, A suffi- 
cient quantity of illusion for the purposes of dramatic 
interest. 1863 Q Rev. July 78 A certain quantity of snow. 

b. An indefinite (usually a fair or considerable) 
portion or amount ; ) a small piece, fragment. 

1:1325 Song of Yesterday in E. E. P. (1862) 134 Of his 
strengje he feost a quantite. c 1400 Song Roland &$ Offred 
them every chon a quantite of gold. 1486 Bk. St. Albans 
C vij, Take a quantyte of poorke . . and butter. 1535 COVER- 
DALE i Sam. xxx. 12 They..gaue him a quantite of fygges, 
& two quantities of rasyns. 1596 SHAKS. Tarn. Shr, iv. 
iii. 112 Away thou Ragge, thou quantitie, thou remnant. 
1597 2 Hen. IV, v. i. 77 If I were saw'de into Quantities 
I should make foure dozen of such bearded Hermites staues. 
1731 ARBUTHNOT Aliments vi. vii. 2 (1735) 182 Warm anti- 
scorbutical Plants taken in Quantities will occasion stinking 
Breath. 1852 MRS. STOWE Uncle Tom's C. xxxiii. 2t>9 
Taking a quantity of cotton from her basket, she placed it 
in his. 1883 Manch. Guard. 18 Oct. 4/7 Yesterday ..a 
quantity of wreckage was cast up at Southport. 

c. With def. article : The portion or amount 
(of something) present in a particular thing or 
instance. 

1611 BIBLE 2 Esdras iv. 50 As the fire is greater then the 
smoke . . so the quantity which is past, did more exceede. 
1719 DE FOE Crusoe \. ix, I resolv'd to sow just the same 
Quantity every Year. 1780 BENTHAM Princ. Legisl. xviii. 
I 44 The quantity of sensible heat in a human body. 1837 
Penny Cycl. IX. 343 The total quantity of electricity in the 
charge of an electrised body. 1876 PREECE & SIVEWRIGHT 
Telegraphy 2 We can speak of the quantity of sound caused 
by the explosion of a cannon. Ibid., The force of attraction 
is found to increase with the quantity of electricity present. 

9. A specified, or indefinite (= fair, considerable), 
number of persons or things. 

'375 BARBOUR Srucevi. 235 [He] slew of thame a quantite. 
14.. Pol. Rcl. tf L. Poems 36 Gadyr a good quantyte of 
snayles. '4s6SiRG. H AVE Law Arms (S. T. 8.157 Almaist 
mycht nane persave that ony quantitee of peple eschapit fra 
the bataill. 1485 CAXTON Chas. Gt. 3 The moost quantyte of 
the people vnderstonde not latyn. 1611 CORYAT Crudities 
169 There is a farre greater quantity of buildings in this [the 
Rialto] then in ours. 1750 BEAWES Lex Mercat. (1752) 8 
A quantity of small marshy isles. 1852 MRS. CARLYLE Lett. 
II. 198 Four chairs and a quantity of pillows. 1897 MAKY 
KINCSLEY W. Africa 241, I .. find in it a quantity of pools. 

10. A certain space or surface ; a portion of 
something having superficial extent. Now rare. 

1391 CHAUCER Astrol. n. 30 Swych a quantite of lati- 
tude as [sheweth] by thyn Almykanteras. 1464 Rolls Parlt. 
V. 519/2 A Graunte . . of a pece or a quantite of Lande. 161 1 
COTCR., Quartellee, a certaine quantitie of, or measure for, 
ground. 1758 S. HAYWARD Serm. xiv. 408 In a race there is 
a quantity of ground laid out. 1792 BURKE Let. to R. Burke 
Corr. IV. 26 You would make them a grant of a sufficient 
quantity of your land. 1812-6 PLAYFAIR Nat. Phil. (1819) 
1 1. 214 A fixed star . . occupies exactly the same place . .within 
a quantity so small as to be hardly measurable. 

1 11. In adverbial phrases : Great quantity, by or 
to a large amount or extent ; to a great distance. 
A quantity, to some extent, considerably. A little 
quantity, a little way. Obs. 

a 1300 Cursor M. 8816 Vp bai lifted oft-sith |>e tre, It was 
to scort gret quantite. 1375 BARBOUR Bruce VI. 76 Endlang 
the vattir than 3eid he On aithir syde gret quantite. 1377 
LANGL. P. PI, B. xix. 372 pere nas no crystene creature pat 
kynde witte hadde, ..That he ne halpe a quantite holynesse 
to wexe. c 1400 MAUNDEV. (1839) xxiii. 253 Thei leyn upon 
the hors gold and silver gret quantylee. c 1420 Pallad. on 
Husb. XI. 157 Ek lyfte her plaunte a litel quantite. 

12. Math. A thing having quantity (see 4 
above) ; a figure or symbol standing for such a 
thing. Imaginary quantity : see the adj. I c. 



21 

157 HII.LINGSLEY Euclid xi. def. i. 312 A superficies is a 
quanlitie of greater perfection then is a line. 1581 SIDNKY 
Apol. Poctric(AA.\ 24 So doe the Geometrician, and Arith- 
metician, in their diverse sorts of quantities. 1700 MOXON 
Math. Diet. 133 Those Quantities are said to be commen- 
surable, which have one Aliquot part.. but Incommensurable 
Quantities have no Aliquot parts. 1806 HUTTON Course 
Math. I. 201 Range the quantities according to the dimen- 
sions of some letter. 1831 BREWSTER Newton (1855) II. xiv. 
1 1 He considered quantities not as composed of indivisibles, 
but as generated by motion. 1881 MAXWELL Electr.^ ty 
Afagn. L n There are certain cases in which a quantity 
may be measured with reference to a line as well as with 
reference to an area. 

transf. 1864 CARLYLE Fredk. Gt. xn. xi. (1872) IV. 245 
This Holy Romish Reich .. has been more and ever more 
becoming an imaginary quantity. 1870 ROGERS Hist. Glean- 
ings Ser. n. 9 Such a monarchy was a mere geographical 
quantity. 1883 STEVENSON Silverado Squatters 134 Her 
husband was an unknown quantity. 

III. 13. attrib. and Comb., chiefly in terms 
relating to quantity of electricity, as quantity 
armature, battery, effect, fuse, galvanometer, in- 
ductor; also quantity-mark, a mark indicating 
the quantity of a vowel or syllable ; quantity- 
surveyor, a surveyor who estimates the quantities 
of the materials required for any work. 

1838 Morn. Chron. in Noad's Electricity (18491 401 The 
decomposing power of the quantity inductor. 1849 NOAD 
Electricity 397 One . . is used for quantity effects, such as 
igniting platinum wire. Ibid. 399 The quantity armature is 
constructed of stout iron. 1883 JENKIN Electr. * Magn. 
(ed. 7) 190 The term . . 'quantity galvanometer ' [is used to 
signify] an instrument with few turns of thick wire [in its 
coil). 1884 H. SWEET 13** Pres. Adiir. Philol. Soc. 93 
When . . quantity and accent-marks are neglected. 1896 
Daily News 5 Aug. 9/5 The plans of the buildings., will be 
now submitted to the quantity surveyor, with a view to the 
quantities being taken out. 

Quantivalence (kwgntrvalens) . [f. L. quanti- 
comb. form of quantum how much + -valence 
after equi-valence.] 

1. Of a chemical element : The extent to which 
one of its atoms can hold other atoms in com- 
bination ; valence ; atomicity. 

1871 ROSCOE./H. Chem. 172 This difference of combining 
power is termed Quantivalence of the elements. 1882 STALLO 
Concepts Mod. Phys. 36 Dyads, .and other elements of still 
higher quantivalence. 

2. Mechanical equivalence. 

1890 Brit. Med. Jrnl. 9 Aug. 319/2 It shows that the 
quantivalence of nerve force is exceedingly small. 

So Quanti -valency = prec. ; Qnanti' valent a. 
pertaining or relating to quantivalence. 

Quantong, variant of QUANDONG. 

Quant, suff., abbrev. of QUANTUM SUFFICIT. 

t Qna'ntnlate, v. Obs. rare 1 , [f. L. quanlus 
how great (? after calculate).'] trans. To calculate 
the magnitude of. 

1610 W. FOLKINGHAM Art of Survey n. iv. 53 Quantulate 
the angle betwixt the marke and second station. 

II Quantulum (kwj-ntirfli'm). [L., neut. of 
quantulus how small.] A small quantum. 

1824 SOUTHEY Sir T. More (1831) II. 260 The quantulum 
at which Oxenstern admired would be a large allowance 
now. 

II Quantum (kwg-ntAn). PI. quanta (rare). 
[L., neut. of quantus how much, how great.] 

1. Sum, amount. = QUANTITY 2. 

1619 PURCHAS Microcosmus xxxii. 302 To t set The true 
Quantum, the true poize and price vpon himselfe. 1738 
Hist. Crt. Excheq. iii. 43 To vote in the first Place, that the 
King should be supplied ; in the next Place, the Quantum 
of the Supply. 1701 NEWTE Tour Eng. ft Scot. 179 The 
momentum of bodies depends on the quantum of their 
velocity multiplied into that of their matter. 1818 CRUISE 
Digest (ed. 2) I. 427 If the union and accession of the two 
estates were the cause of the merger, the quantum of the 
thing granted would be the measure of that merger. 

b. = QUANTITY 7. 

1815 W. H. IRELAND Scribblcomania 33 His study has not 
been for quantum to strive, But with beauties to keep the 
attention alive. 

2. = QUANTITY 12. 

1647 H. MORE Song of Soul ii.Lu.lv, Each quantum's 
infinite, straight will be said. 1678 CUDWORTH Intell. Syst. 
i . v. 783 Though it be an Absolute Contradiction, for a Body, 
or Quantum, to be. .All of it in every Part of that Space, 
which the Whole is in. 1877 E ' CAIRD Philos. Kant n. xi. 
442 All phenomena, as perceived, are extensive quanta. 

3. One's share or portion. 

1649 JER. TAYLOR Gt. Exemp. n. xii. 94 Poverty is her 
portion, and her quantum is but food and raiment. 1724 
SWIFT Drapier's Lett. Wl<s. 1755 V. n. 60 He will double 
his present quantum by stealth as soon as he can. 1818 
BENTHAM Ch. Eng. 421 A Parish, in which the quantum of 
this soul-saving Mammon rises as high as i2,coo/. a year. 
1897 F. T. BULLEN Cruise 'Cachalot' 167 Having com- 
pleted our quantum of wood, water, and fresh provisions. 

4. A (specified) amount. = QUANTITY 8. 

1789 BELSHAM Ess. I. ii. 19 Is there not a sufficient quantum 
of distress and misfortune ? 1829 CARLYLE Misc. (1857) 1 1. 
113 Some smaller quantum of earthly enjoyment. 1852 
JERDAN Autobiog. II. xii. 137 Imbued with a moderate 
quantum of worldly wisdom. 

b. = QUANTITY 8 c. 

1735 BERKELEY Querist \. 215 Such a bank .. was faulty 
in not limiting the quantum of bills. 1828 J. BALI.ANTYNE 
Exam. Hum. Mind 1 1. 69 The mind . .has always a tendency 
to possess the same quantumof ideas. '879 K. R. LANKESTER 
Advancem. Sc. (1890) 14 A struggle among all those born 
for the possession of the small quantum of food. 



QUAR. 

II Quantum sufficit (kwg'ntom so-fisit). 
Also abbrev. quantum suff., quant. sufT. (suf.). 
[L., a formula used in medical prescriptions.] ' As 
much as suffices'; hence, a sufficient quantity, 
a sufficiency ; to a sufficient extent, etc. 

1699 Honour of Gout in Hart. Misc. (1809) II. 45 We lead 
sedentary lives, feed heartily, drink quantum sufficit, but 
sleep immoderately. 1775 J. ADAMS in Farti. Lett. (1876) 58 
Scolding at me quantum sufficit for not taking his advice. 
1806-7 J- BKRESFORD Miseries Hutu. Life (ed. 5) II. 238 
With numbers though rough, Yet with rage quantum suff. 
1837 LOCKHART Scott. (1839) VI I. 405 Cabinets china and 
mirrors quantum suff., and some portraits. 1881 ABNEY 
Photogr. 69 The amount of alcohol required is invariably 
shown as 'quant, suf.' 

b. With article or possessive pron. 

1747 Scheme Equip. Men of IVar 33 To provide them a 
Quantum sujfficit before they enter into that Service. 1795 
I'.! KKI-: Regie. Peace iv. Wks. IX. 20 What dose is to be the 
quantum sufficitl a 1817 T. DWIGHT Trav. New -;, etc. 
(1821) I. 515 They have always a quantum sumcit of money. 
1843 DARWIN Let. to Ifenslow 25 Jan., My Coral Volume. . 
has received its quant : suff: of praise. 

Quailtuplicity (kwgntiplrsiti). [f. L. quan- 
tus how much, on anal, of quadrttplicily , etc.] 
The relative magnitude of a quantity. 

1836 DE MORGAN Diff. ff Int. Calc. Introd. 17 The pro- 
portions of figures . . depend . . upon what Euclid terms the 
ratio . . which he says is (if we may coin such an English word) 
the number-of-times-ness or quantuplicity of one quantity, 
considered with respect to another. 

T Quap, sl>. Ol>s. rare 1 . 1 variant of QUAB sb?- 

1598 FLORIO, G6,goi, a fish called a quap [1611 a quap-fish], 
which is poison to man, and man to him. 

t Quap, v. Obs. Forms : 4-6 quappe, 5 
qwappe, (7 quapp). See also QUOP. [Imitative; 
cf. G. quappen to flop, quappeln to quiver. A 
later form is QUAB v.] intr. To beat, throb, 
palpitate, quiver. 

c 1374 CHAUCER Troylus in. 8 (57) And lord how bat his 
herte gan to quappe, Heryng her come. 1382 WYCLIF 
Tobit vi. 4 He dro? it [the fish] m to the drie, and it began to 
quappe befor his feet, c 1440 Partonope 5938 His hert gan 



1643 W. ( 
WRIGHT Ordinary n. if, My heart gan quapp full oft.] 

Hence f Qna'ppinff vbl. sb. and ppl. a. 

1398 TREVISA Earth. De P. R. VH. lix. (1495) 273 The 
tokens of a Flegmon or postume . . ben . . quappynge and 
lepynge of ventosytee. 1572 J. JONES Bathes of Bath I. 7 
Beating, or quapping fpaine] cometh of a hot Aposteme. 

Quap, obs. form of WHAP v. 

t Quaquadrate. Math. Obs. rare- 1 , [f. 
QUA(DRI-) + QUADRATE.] A sixteenth power. 

1674 JEAKE Arith. (1696) 273 Some to shorten.. the long 
Names of . . Higher Powers, . . call 33 a Biquadrate, . . 3333 
a Quaquadrate, 33333 a Quinquadrate [etc.]. 

Quaquaversal (kw?kwav5Msal), a. Also 
quftqua-, qua-qua-versal. [f. late L. quaqua- 
versus, -versum, f. quaqua where-, whithersoever 
+ versus towards.] Turned or pointing in every 
direction ; chiefly Geol. in phr. quaquaversal dip 
(see quot. 1877). 

1728 NICHOLLS in Phil. Trans. XXXV. 442 The quaqua. 
versal Pressure of the Blood will be controll'd by the Pres- 
sure on the Artery. 1830 LYELL Princ. Geol. I. 394 The 
slope and quaqua-versal dip of the beds. 1862 LATHAM 
Elem. Camp. Philol. 126 The affinities of the Lap are one- 
sided, those of the Turk (to borrow an expression from the 
geologists) quaquaversal. 1877 A. H. GREEN Phys. Geol. 
ix. 3. 347 If the beds dip away in all directions from a 
centre they are said to have a quaquaversal dip. 

Hence Quaquave'rsally adv. 

1875 R. F. BURTON Ultima Thule I. 38 The strata all 
incline gradually and quaquaversally .. towards the centre 
of the island. 1883 BURTON & CAMERON Gold Coast I. iii. 
76 A central boss . . with lines radiating quaquaversally. 

Quaquiner, erron. form of QUAVIVEK. 

t Qnar, st.\ abbrev. of QUARRY sb. 1 Obs. 

1562 PHAER sEneiilix. E e ij, What murthring quarres of 
men, what heapes downe throwne,. . king Turnus then did 
giue. 1605 SYLVESTER Du Bartas it. iii. in. (Lawe) 643 
The Falcon . . shall strike ; And with the stroke make on the 
sense-less ground The gut-less Quar.. re-bound. 

Quar, sb* Ol'S. exc. dial. Also 6-7 quarre, 
7 quarr, 8 quaar. [Abbrev. of QUARRY rf.2; 
still current in W. Midland and S. W. dialects.] 
A stone-quarry. 

rt 1484 Promt. Pan. 419/1 Quarere (S. quar),/apidiciaa. 
.529 RASTELL Pastymc, Hist. Brit. (1811) 105 Stonys owte 
of army quarre, or fokk. '566 STAVLETON Ret. Untr. Jel 
IV. 6. Stedfaster than any Rocke or Quarre of what euer 
stone it be. 1622 DRAYTON Poly-olb. xxvi. (1748) 372 She 
mill-stones from the quarr with sharpen d picks could j 
1672 W. S. Poems B. Johnson Jr., To Ld. Aston. Aston, a 
Stone cut from the marble Quar. a '800 Song m Glouc. 
Gloss (1890) 203 The stwons that built George Rldler s 
Oven, .keum from the Bleakeney's Quaar. 

b. attrib. and Comb., as quarman, -fit; quar- 
martin, the sand-martin, dial. 

1606 SYLVESTER DH ISartas II. iv. H. (Magnificence) 1110 
The sturdy Quar-man with steel-headed Cones And massie 
Sledges slenteth out the stones. 1879 JEFFERIES Wild Life 
in S C. 169 These birds are called by the labourers 'quar- 
martins', because they breed in holes drilled in the face 
of the sandy precipices of quarries. 1886 ELWORTHY W. 
Somerset Word-bk., Quar-man, labourer in a quarry; also 
the proprietor or lessee of a quarry. Qaar-pit, a quarry, 
usually a small one. 



QUAK. 

t Qnar, sl>. 3 , abbrev. of QUARRY sb.z Obs. rare. 

1606 SYLVESTER Du Bartas n. iv. n. (Magnificence) 1149 
What mightie Rowlers, and what massie Cars Could bring 
so far so many monstrous Quars? [F. quarreaux}, Ibict. 
1158 The whole, a whole Quar [F. guarreait] one might 
rightly tearm. 1617 Vestry Bks. (Surtees) 73 Item xix 
quarres mendid in the other windowes. 

Quar, v.l Obs. exc. dial. Also 6 querre, 7 
quarre. [Of obscure origin : ? cf. OE. d-cweorran 
to glut.] a. trans. To choke or block up (a channel 
or passage), b. intr. Of a channel : To silt or 
fill up. Hence Quairing vbl. sb. 

iS4-3 Act 34 # 35 Hen. VIII, c. 9 i The mouth and 
hole channel! of the saide hauen is so heaped and quarred 
with stones and rohull of balastes of the shippes. 1584-5 
Act 27 Eliz. c. 20 i Where also the said hauen of Plym. 
mouth . . doth dayly querre and fill with the sand of the 
Tinne-workes and Mynes. 1628 SIR R. BOYLE Diary in 
Lismore Papers (1886) II. 257 Provided, .he do nothing to 
the prejudice of my yron worcks, or stopping or quarreing 
vp of the River. 

Quar, v . 2 Obs. exc. dial. [Of unknown origin : 
cf. QUABL v.] intr. To curdle, coagulate. 

1578 LYTE Dodoens n. Ixxiv. 246 It. .keepeth the mylke 
from quarring and crudding in the brest. 1591 PERCIVALL 
Sp. Dict.t ngrumecer, to clot, to quar like cold blood. 

Quar, obs. north, f. WHERE and were (see BE z>.). 

Quarancy : see QDARANTT. 

t Quarantain. Obs. Also 7 -aine, 8 -ane. 
[ad. F. quarantaine (= It. qttarantana), f. qua- 
rante forty : see next.] 

1. A set of forty (nights), rare 1 . 

ifi53 URQUHART Rabelais n. L i It is above fourty quaran- 
taines, or fourty times fourty nights, according to the sup- 
putation of the ancient Druids. 

2. = QUARANTINE 2. 

1669 R. MONTAGU in Buccleitch MSS. (Hist, MSS. Comm.) 
I. 452 After having made their quarantaine and aired their 
goods. 1687 Land. Gaz. No. 2211/1 The Prince of Bruns- 
wicke keeps his Quarantain in the Island Lazaro. ijoj 
W. J. Bruyn's Voy. Levant xi. 47 Those who come from 
infected Places, there to pass their Quarantain. 

attrib. 1755 MAGENS Insurances II. 236 Anchorage, 
ordinary Quarantain Charges, and such like. 
b. fig . " QUARANTINE 2 b. 

1666^-7 DENHAM Direct. Paint, i. xvii, There let him 
languish a long Quarantain. 1714 Let.fr. Layman (ed. 2) 
23 This_ Crime . . is never to be purged away ; no not by 
performing a Quarantain for a Twelve-month in the Church. 
1741 WARBURTON Div. Legal. II. Pref. p. xiv, The Calumnies 
of his Enemies obliged him to a kind of Quarantane. 

3. Kings quarantain (tr. F. quarantaine du 
rot): see quots. 

17*7-41 CHAMBERS Cycl.,Qtiaranlam of the King, in France, 
denotes a truce of forty days appointed by St. Louis, during 
which it was expresly forbid to take any revenge (etc.). 
1818 A. RANKEN Hist. France IV. in. i. 233 Forty days, 
called the King's quarantain, were allowed the friends or 
relations of a principal in a private war to grant or find 
security. 

t Quarante, var. COURANTE, akind of dance. Obs. 

1598 R. DALLINGTON Meth. Trav. Vij, Euery poore 
draggletayle can Dance all your Quarantes, Leualties, 
Bransles, and other Dances. 

Quarantinable, a. rare. [f. QUARANTINE v. 
+ -ABLE.] Subject or liable to quarantine. 

1894 Harfet's Weekly 7 Apr. 315 The protection against 
cholera and other quarantinable diseases.. is secured. 

Quarantine (kwo'rant*n), sb. Also 7 quaran- 
tene, 8 -in, 7-8 quarantine. [In sense i ad. 
med.L. quarentlna ; in sense 3 prob. ad. It. qua- 
rant-, quarentina, f. quaranta forty. 

The source of the -ine spelling in sense i is not clear : in 
the Stasyons of Jerusalem (Horstm. Altengl. Leg. Neue F., 
365) the form Quaryntyne (riming with ivyne) is used to 
render med.L. Quarentena, the name given to the desert 
where Christ fasted for forty days. In sense i the prevailing 
form in I7~i8th c. was quarentine, while quarantine has 
always been the usual form in sense 2.] 

1. Law. A period of forty days during which 
a widow, entitled to dower, had the right to 
remain in the chief mansion-house of her deceased 
husband ; hence, the right of a widow to remain 
in the house during this period. 

1609 SKEKE Reg. Maj. 56 (Acts Robt. Ill, c. 20) Anent 
widowes, quha . . can not haue their quarantine without 
pley. 1628 COKE On Lite. 32 b, If she marry within the 
forty days she loseth her quarentine. 1767 BI.ACKSTONE 
Comm. II. 135 These forty days are called the widow's 
quarentine. 1865 NICHOLS Britton II. 247 Some other 
decent house shall be provided for their dwelling, where 
they may keep their quarantine. 

2. A period (orig. of forty days) during which 
persons who might serve to spread a contagious 
disease are kept isolated from the rest of the 
community ; esp. a period of detention imposed on 
travellers or voyagers before they are allowed to 
enter a country or town, and mix with the inhabi- 
tants; commonly, the period during which a ship, 
capable of carrying contagion, is kept isolated on 
its arrival at a port. Hence, the fact or practice 
of isolating such persons or ships, or of being 
isolated in this way. 

1663 PEPYS Diary 26 Nov., Making of all ships coming 
from thence, .to perform their ' quarantine for thirty days ', 
as Sir Richard Browne expressed it . . contrary to the import 
of the word (though, in the general acceptation, it signifies 
now the thing, not the time spent in doing it). 1691 LUT 



22 

TRELL Brief R el, (1857) II. 185 Those that come from 
J*aples..are obliged to perform a quarantine before they 
come to Rome, because of the plague in that Kingdom, 
1722 DE FOE Plague (1884) 204 The Family were oblig'd to 
begin their Quarantine anew. 1799 E. STANLEY in A. Duncan 
Nelson (1806) 112 Having finished their quarantine of thir- 
teen days. 1836 M ARRYAT Midsh. Easy xlii, As soon as 
their quarantine at the Mother-bank was over, they dis- 
embarked. 1859 JEPHSON Brittany vi. 77 The lepers often 
sought a voluntary death as the only escape from their 
perpetual quarantine. 1867 Even. Standard 6 Aug. 6 
A Royal order has been issued imposing forty days' quaran- 
tine upon all arrivals in Spanish ports from Algeria, Morocco, 
and the Roman States. 

b. Jig. Any period, instance, etc., of detention 
or seclusion compared to the above, f Free 
quarantine, exemption from quarantine. 

a 1680 BUTLER Rtm, (1759) I. 209 Where she denies 
Admission, to intrude .. Unless they have free Quarenline 
from her, 174* YOUNG Nt. Th. vn. 1046 Deists! perform 
your quarantine ; and then Fall prostrate, ere you touch it, 
lest you die. 1855 MOTLEY Dutch Rep. 11. i. (1866) 132 Nor 
could bigotry devise an effective quarantine to exclude the 
religious pest which lurked in every bale of merchandise. 
C. A place where quarantine is kept or enforced. 

1847 EMERSON Poems> Monadnoc Wks. (Bohn) I. 435 His 
quarantines and grottos, where He slowly cures decrepit 
flesh. 1892 STEVENSON Across the Plains 171 Somnolent 
Inverkeithing, once the quarantine of Leith. 

3. A period of forty days, in other connexions 
than the above ; a set of forty (days). 

1639 FULLER //o/y Warm. xxii. 147 When their quarantine, 
or fourty dayes service, was expired. 1722 DE FOE Plague 
(1756) 235 Not a Ouarentine of Days only, but Soixantine, 
not only 40 Days but 60 Days or longer. 1883-97 Catholic 
Diet. 772/1 Indulgences of seven years and seven quaran- 
tines are often granted for certain devotions. 

4. attrib. (sense 2), as quarantine camp ', flag ', 
hospital, law, officer, regulation, station, etc. 

1805 Med. Jrnl. XVII. 507 The recent extension of the 
quarantine laws. 1841 Penny Cycl. XIX. 103/2 The mpst 
important disease, with reference to quarantine regulations, 
is the plague of the Levant Ibid. 195/1 A quarantine 
station on a land -frontier. 1861-2 G. A. SPOTTISWOODE in 
Vac. Tour. 87 Accommodation, .for the director or quaran- 
tine-officer. 1871 TYNDALL Fragnt. Sc, (1879) I. vi. 200 The 
yellow quarantine flag was hoisted. 

Quarantine (kw^-rantm), v. Also 9 quaran- 
teen. [f. the sb.] 

1. trans. To put in quarantine. 

1804 W. IRVING in Life $ Lett. (1864) I. v. 8^ Where 
I should be detained, quarantined, smoked, and vinegared. 
1860 TROLLOPE W, Ind. xxiii. 365 In going to Cuba I had 
been becalmed . . and very nearly quaranteened. 1891 
Catk, News 2 May 5/3 The Comte de Paris was quarantined 
for a short time at Southampton. 

b. To prevent by quarantine. In quot.^%-. 

1850 Chamb. Jrnl. XIV. 49 Did any moral taint hang 
about me that quarantined my entrance into its circle? 

2. intr. To institute quarantine. 

1888 Harper's Mag. Oct. 738/1 Only two cases had been 
reported when every neighboring British colony quarantined 
against Martinique. 

Hence Quarantined, Quarantining />//. adjs. ; 
also Qua-rantiner, one who puts, or is put, into 
quarantine. 

1831 SCOTT Jrnl. II. 444 The guardians, who attend to 
take care that we quarantines do not kill the people whom 
we meet 1884 Manch. Exam. 21 Nov. 5/4 The. .block in 
which the quarantined person is located. 1891 Lancet 3 Oct. 
777 Egypt . . always has been . . a quarantining country. 

Quarantine (apple), variant of QDARENDEN. 

t Quar an ty. Obs. Also -ancy. [ad. It. 
qttarantia, f. quaranta forty : cf. F. quarantie.] 
A former court of judicature at Venice, consisting 
of forty members. 

1636 E. DACRES tr. Machiavers Disc. Livy I. 198 They 
have ordained the Quarantie, or counsell of forty. 1659 
J. HARRINGTON Lawgiving HI. i. (1700) 439 After the manner 
of the Venetian Quafancys. 1707 J. STEVENS tr. Quevedo"s 
Com. Wks, (1709) 446 On his Right was one Chief of the 
Quarantie. 

tQuardecu(e, variants of CAKDECU. Obs. 

i6nCoTGR.,@K(W^rfV.rc ) aTeston or Quardecue; asiluer 
peece of coyne worth i& sterl. 1657 HOWELL Londinop. 
372 There comes not a Quardecu in every Crown clearly to 
the Kings Coffers, which is but the fourth part. 

Quardeel : see CAKDKL. 

Quare, obs. form of QUIRE, WHERE. 

tQuare, v. Obs. rare. [a. OF. quarer (F. 
carter] : L. qitadrare QUADRATE v^\ To square. 
Hence Quared///. a., Qua Ting vbl. sb. 

a \yMCursorM. 1664 (Gott) A vessel . .sal be mad ofquarid 
tre. 1611 MS. Ace. St. Johns Hasp., Canterb., Payd for 
hewing and quaring of the tymber. 

Quarefour, variant of CARFOUB. 

I! Quare impedit (kweVr*' i-mprdit). Law. 
[L., ' why he impedes or hinders'.] A form of writ 
issued in cases of disputed presentation to a benefice, 
requiring the defendant to state why he hinders the 
plaintiff from making the presentation. 

[1292 BRITTON iv. vi. 2 Si acun, qi ad dreit de presenter. . 
voille presenter, et autre i mette destourbaunce . . adounc 
tient proprement lu cest bref Quare im^edit.} 1498-9 
Plnmpton Corr. (Camden) 133 The best remedy for your 
Incumbent was. .to suy a quare Impedit at the comon law. 
1548 STAUNFORD Kinges Prervg. (1^67) 54 b, If his highnes 
bringe his Quare impedit or accion of trespas. 0,1670 
HACKET Life Abp. Williams n. (1693) 79 In matters eccle- 
siastical, as Advousons, Presentations, Quare -imped its, etc. 
1705 BUHNET Own Time v. (1734) II. 27 The actions of 



QUARRED. 

Quare Itnpcdit, that they would be liable to, if they did not 
admit the Clerks presented to them. 1804 UK OF LINCOLN 
in G. Rose Diaries (1860) II. 88 A caveat or a quare im~ 
Pedit may be advised. 1875 POSTE Gains iv. (ed. 2) 636 
Both parties are said to be equally plaintiffs and equally 
defendants in the actions .. Quare impedit and Replevin. 

Quarel(e, -ell(e, obs. forms of QUAKHEL sb. 

Quarelet : sec QUARRELET. 

Quareiiden, quarender (kwg-rend'n, -dw). 
Also 5 quaryndo(u)n, 7, 9 quarrington, 9 qua- 
rantine, quarren(d)er, quarendel, -don, -ten. 
[Of obscure origin : the L. equivalents given in first 
quot. seem to be otherwise unknown.] A variety 
of apple (see quot. 1886) common in Somerset 
and Devon. Also attrib. 

14 . . Voc, in Wr.-Wulcker 574/34 Condnntn, a Quaryndoun. 
Condnu$ t a Quaryndon tre. 1676 WORLIDGE Cyder (1691) 
206 The Devonshire Quarrington is also a very fine early 
Apple. 1855 KINGSL.EY Westw. Ho i, ' Red quarrenders ' 
and maTardT cherries. 1869 BLACKMORE Lorna D. (1891) 
125 As he took the large oxhorn of our quarantine apple 
cider. 1874 T. HARDY Far fr. Mad. Crowd I. \\\ ii. 299 
Some tall, gaunt costard, or quarrington. 1886 ELWORTHY 
W. Sow. Word-bk.) O_uarrener,..an oblate shaped, deep 
red, early apple ; also known as suck -apple. 

tQuarental. Obs. rare- 1 , [f. It. quaranta 
(F. quarante} forty, after TRENTAL.] A set of forty 
requiem masses. 

1566 Pasquitte in a Traunce 89 These false Prophets . . that 
deceyue thy people with T rentals and Quarentals. 

Qua*renten(e. Hist. rare. [ad. med.L. qua- 
rentena (AF. qnarenteyne} : see QUARANTINE.] 
A lineal or square measure containing forty poles ; 
a furlong or rood. 

1809 BAWDWEN Domesday Bk. 14 Wood pasture four 
quarentens long and the same broad. 1869 PEARSON Hist. 
Maps Eng. (1870) 51 A wood ten leagues long by six and 
two quarentenes broad. 

Quarantine, obs. variant of QUARANTINE. 
Quarer(e, variants of QUARBER, quarry. 
t Quarester, obs. form of CHORISTER. 

1436 E. E. Wilts 105 To euery secundary & clerc of the 
chirch iiij*. and to euery quarester ij rt . 1450 Rolls Parlt. 
V. 188/1, xii Quaresters, and a maister to teche hem. 

Quarfe, Quarfour, obs. ff. WHARF, CARFOUR. 
t Quarfoxe, obs. form of CARFAX, cross-roads. 
1483 CAXTON Gold, Leg. 80/2 Whan he cam to the quar- 
foxe the deuyl caught the chylde. 

Quarfulle, var. QUARTFUL a. Quarie, van 
QUARRY a., coagulated. Quarierfe, obs. ff. 
QUARRIER. Quarilous, var. QUARRELLOUS. 

t Quarion, var. QUARRIER 2 , candle. Obs. 

151* Hotiseh, Bk. Dk. Northumbld. 3 Wax wrought in 
Quarions J Ib. [1860 Our Eng. Howe 91 Quarions and 
morters..for burning in the chambers at night ; the former 
were square lumps of wax with a wick in the centre.] 

Quark (kwguk), v. [Imitative, or a. G. quark- 
en.] To croak. Hence Qua*rking vbl. sb. 

1860 J. F. CAMPBELL Pop. T. W. Highl. II. 145 The 
gurgling and quarking of spring frogs in a pond. 1893 
[D. JORDAN] Forest Tithes, etc. 186 Rooks . . cawing and 
quarking. Ibid. 190 The herons quarked harshly. 

Quarken, variant of QUERKEN, to choke. 

Quarl, quarle (kwgul), sb [var. of QUARREL 
so^\ A large brick or tile ; esp. a fire-brick, 
curved like part of a cylinder, used to form sup- 
ports for melting-pots, retort-covers, etc. 

1875 Ure's Diet. Arts III. 67 (s.v. Lead) The erection of 
nine six-ton pots requires.. 160 feet of quarles. 1883 Daily 
News 19 SepL 3/2 Making passages below the oven floor, 
and laying upon these passages perforated quarles or re- 
cessed bricks. 1894 Northumbld. Gloss. s.y., Under the 
term ' brick ' are included sizes up to twelve inches long by 
six inches wide. Above this area it is called a quarl or tile. 

Quarl, sb.* rare. [?ad. G. qualte, Du. kwal.] 
The jelly-fish, medusa. 

1884 Harper's Mag. Dec. 156/1 And momently athwart 
her track The quarl upreared his island back. 

t Quarl, v. Obs. rare. Also 8 quarrel. [Cf. 
QUARZ/.^] Tocurdle, ?turnsour. Hence tQ-uarled 
///. a. (Cf. QUARRED///. a.) 

1607 TOURNEUR Rev. Trag. v. H ij, Moth. Are you so 
barbarous to set Iron nipples Vpon the brest that gaue you 
suck, Vind. That brest Is turnd to Quarled poyson. 1703 
Art <$ Myst. Vintners 68 Take 2 pennyworth of Rice. .ana 
2 pennyworth of Alum ; this will keep your Wine from 
quarrelling, and make it fine. 

Quarl^e, Quar'le, Quarled : see QUARL j.i, 
QUARREL sb\ QUARRELLED a. Quar-man, 
-martin : see QUAB j. 2 Quarn, obs. f. QUERN. 

f Quarnell, <z. Sc. Obs. rare. Also quernell. 
[App. var. of QUARREL sbJ- or sb.% (used atfrib.), 
perh. after CARNEL or CORNEL.] Square, squared. 
So also Qua'rnelled (in 6 quernallit). 

1533 BELLENDEN Livy i. x. (1901) 62 This virgine horacia 
was bury it. .inane sepulture of quernell [v.r. quarnell] slants. 
1542 7e*. K. IVardr. (1815) 64 Item, ane small chene with 
thrawin and quernallit linkis. (1808-25 JAMIESON, ^w/e^w//, 
cornered, having angles. Fife.} 

Quarner(e, Quarpf, Quarquenet, Quarre, 
obs. ff. CORNER ^.^WnEREOFjCARCANET, QUARRY. 

Quarreaus, obs. pi. of QUARREL j.i 

Qua'rred, ///- a. Obs. exc. dial. [f. QUAR z/. 2 
+ -ED 1 .] Clotted, curdled; soured. 

1599 A. M. tr. Gahflhoner"s Bk. Physicke 341/1 When we 
haue fallen, and we feare we haue quarred bloode in our 



QUARREL. 

bodye. 1871 WISE ffe-.u Forest in //anifs/i. Glass., Beer is 
said 10 be quari ed, when it drinks hard or rough. 

Quarrefour, var. CABFOUR. 

Quarrel (kwo'rel), rf. 1 Forms : 3 //. quar- 
reaus, 4-5 quarelle, 4-6 quarel, (4 qwarel, 5 
quarele, -eyll, wharle, 6 quar'le), 5-6 quarell, 
(6 quer-), 6-7 quarrell, (6 -elle), 6- quarrel. 
[a. OF. quarel, quarrel (quaral, caral, etc., pi. 
tjuarriaus, qtiarens), later quarriau, -eau, mod.F. 
carreau, = 1'rov. cairel, It. quadrello, Sp. cuadrilb, 
med.L. quadrelhts, dim. of Prov. caire, It. quadra, 
(Sp. <-)> med.L. quaiirus a square : cf. QUADKEL.] 

1. A short, heavy, square-headed arrow or bolt, 
formerly used in shooting with the cross-bow or 
arbalest. 



. 

Alter. K. 62 peo hwile (t me mit quarreaus . . 
asaileS bene castel. 1340 Ayenb. 71 Al hit ys ywent wel 
ra(>re ban . . quarel of arblaste. c 1400 Destr. Troy 4743 The 



. . 

Ayenb. 71 Al hit ys ywent wel 
. . ste. c 1400 Destr. Troy 4743 The 

Grekes .. Whappet in wharles, whellit the pepull. 1483 
CAXTON Gold. Leg. 314 b/2 A sowne lyke as a quarel had be 
shotte out. of Arbalaste or a crosse bpwe. 1540 Act 33 
Hi'n. VIII, c. 6 Crossebowes . . ready furnished with quarelles. 
1300 SPENSER F. Q. n. xi. 33 Now had the Carle . . his hands 
Discharged of his bow and deadly quar'le. 1750 CARTE 
Hist. Eng. 1 1. 463 The Genoese .. let fly their quarrels when 
they imagined themselves to be within a proper distance. 
1846 GREENER Sc. Gunnery 4 It is said of the cross-bow, 
that a quarrel could be projected from them 200 yards. 

attrit. 1412-20 LYDG. Chron. Troy II. xi, Dartes daggers 
.. And quarrelheades sharpe & square yground. 1600 
HOLLAND Livy xxi. xi. 400 Ordinance of quarell shot, brakes, 
and other artillerie. 
b. dial. (See quot.) 

1840 SPURDENS East-Anglian Words (E. D. S.), Quarrel, 
a kind of bird-bolt, with a lozenge-shaped head ; now only 
used by rook-bolters for beating down rooks' nests. 

f 2. A square needle. Also altrib, Ots. rare. 

1496 Bk. St. Albans, Fishing H iij, For smalle fysshe ye 
shall make your hokes of the smalest quarell nedlys that ye 
can fynde of stele, & in this wyse. Ye shall put the quarell 
in a redde charkcole fyre [etc.]. 

3. A square or (more usually) diamond-shaped 
pane of glass, of the kind used in making lattice- 
windows. 'Now rare exc. dial. (Cf. QDABBY sb.% 2.) 

1447 in Parker Gloss. Archit. (1850) 200 Every windowe 
conteineth vi lights .. Item all the katurs, quarrells, and 
oylements. 1507 in Gage Suffolk 143 Setting vp of white 
Normandy glas, oon rowe of quarrells white. 1542 BOORDE 
Dyetary viii. (1870) 249 Let your skynner cut both .. the 
skynnes in smale peces tryangle wyse, lyke halfe a quarel of a 
gtase wyndow. 1589 PUTTENHAM Eng. Poesie (Arb.) 106 The 
Lozange is . . a quadrangle reuerst,.with his point vpward like 
to a quarrell of glasse. 1669 BOYLE Contn. New Exp. \. (1682) 
25 Some elates of glass such as are used for making the Quar- 
rels of Windows. lyu C. LOCKYER Trade in India VL 164 
Oyster-shells fixt Diamond-wise in wooden Frames, instead 
of Glass, which look something like our small, old fashion'd 
Quarrels. 1828 Craven Gloss., Quarrel, a square of glass. 
1879 Casselfs Techn. Educ. ix. 145/2 The colour . . of the 
quarrels in the original window is a light bluish-green. 

attrib. 1820 SCOTT Abbot xxxiv, A quarrel pane of glass 
in the turret window. 

1 4. A square tile. Obs. rare. (Cf. QUABBY **.3 3.) 

1601 HOLLAND Pliny II. 596 The manner of pauing with 
smal tiles or quarrels ingrauen. 1610 Camden's Brit. 
I. 511 The pauements wrought Checker wise with small 
square quarels. 

6. techn. a, A glazier's diamond (1807 Douce 
Ittustr. Shaksp. I. 181). b. A four-sided graver 
(Ogilvie, 1882). c. A stonemason's chisel (ibid.}. 

Quarrel, sb.l Obs. exc. north, dial. Forms : 
5 qwaryle, qvar-, qverelle, qwharrell, 5-6 
quarel, (5 -ell), 6 qwarrel, Sc. querill, querrell, 
7, 9 quarrel, 9 wharrel, wharl. [Alteration of 
qitarer, QUABBEB, perh. after prec.] 

1. A place from which stone, etc., is obtained. 
= QUAEBY sb. z 



Steeple in Archzologia X. 71 Riding to the quarrel for 
stone. 1513 DOUGLAS &neis I. vil 22 Wtheris . . the huge 
pillaris greit Out of the querillis can to hew and beit. 1802 
Louth Corfor. Ace. (1891) 55 That the Market for Sheep 
and Pigs shall be removed . . to some place in the Quarrell. 
1828 Craven Gloss., Quarrel, a quarry. 1873 Svialedale 
Gloss., Wkarrel, a quarry. 1899 Cwnbld. Gloss., Wharl, 
a stone quarry ; a disused quarry. Seldom heard. 

tb. Sc, The stone or other material obtained 
by quarrying. Also pi. Obs. 

1536 BELLENDEN Cron. Scot. (1821) I. 251 He thirllit thaim 
. . to win mettellis, querrellis, and to mak tild. 1661-73 
LD. FOUNTAINHALL in M. P. Brown Suppl. Decis. (1826) II. 
535 (Jam.) To dig, win, work, and carry away coals, lime- 
stone, clay, quarrell. 

2. attrib. as quarrel^ head, hole, man, mell, stone. 
f c 1460 Townfley Myst. ii. 367 When I am dede, bery me 
in gudeboure at the quarell hede. 1472 Durham Ace. 
Rolls (Surtees) 245, j qwharrellmell. 1513 DOUGLAS &neis 
Vlll. iv. 149 All kynd of wapynnis . . Wytn branchis rent of 
treis, and quarrell stanis Of huge wecht. 1535 LYNDESAY 
Satyre 3061, 1 lent my gossop my mear. . And he hir drounit 
into the querrell hollls. a 1572 KNOX Hist. Ref. Wks. 1846 
I. 379 At the Querrell Hollis, betuix Leyth and Edin- 
burght. 1571 Wills ff Inv. N. C. (Surtees 1860) 351 John 
Heworthe of gatisheid . . Quarelman. 

Quarrel (kwg-rel), si/." Forms: 4 querele, 
4~5 (6) querel, 5 qwerell(e, 6 querel(l, 6-7 Sc. 
quer(r)ell; 4-5 quarele, 5 qv-, quarelle, 5-6 
Huarell, (5qw-),5~7 quarel,6quarrel,(6-7 -ell). 



quarell, (5 qw 



23 

[a. OF. querele, -elle : L. qtierela, -ella complaint, 
f. queri to complain. The spelling quar(r}- was 
the prevailing one by Caxton's time ; later exam- 
ples of qner(r)- are chiefly Sc. : see also QUEKELK.] 

f 1. A complaint ; esp. a complaint against 
a person ; hence in Law : an accusation or charge ; 
an action or suit. Obs. 

c 1374 CHAUCER Boeth. in. pr. iii. 55 (Camb. MS.) For 



his Fader dethe. 1454 Rolls Parlt. V. 258/2 In all maner 
Actions . . suytes, quereles and demandes. 1483 CAXTON 
Gold. Leg. 219/2 They sayd wyth swete and deuout quarelles 
why she suffred her deuoute seruaunte to dye wythout con- 
fessyon. 1535 COVERDALE Acts xxv.y Y* lewes .. broughte 
vp many ana greuous quarels agaynst Paul. 1583 Exec. for 
Treason (1675) 13 None of them have been sought hitherto 
to be impeached in any point or quarrel of Treason. 1641 
Termes de la Ley 230 b, Qvarels . . extendeth not onely to 
actions., but also to the causes of actions & suits. 

2. A ground or occasion of complaint against 
a person, leading to hostile feeling or action ; 
a cause for which one person has unfriendly or 
unfavourable feelings towards another; also, the 
state or course of hostility resulting from such 
ground of complaint. Const, against , *f*/0, later 
with. Now rare. To pick a quarrel', see PICK v. 

1340 Ayenb. 83 Ine obre quereles huanne me mysnym^ [it 
may be amended] . . ac errour ine batayle ne may na;t by 
amended. 135)0 GOWER Conf. III. 303 Love hath mad him 
a querele Ayem hire youthe friissh and frele. c 1400 Destr. 
Troy 1763 To qwit claym all querels, & be qweme fryndes. 
1489 CAXTON Faytes of A. \. xviii. 52 What theyre herte 
sayth of the quarell and what wylle they haue for to fyght. 
1526 TINDALE Col. iii. 13 Forgevynge one another (if eny 
man have a quarrell to a nother). 1603 KNOLLES Hist. 
Turks (1621) 306 Although they be in number moe than 
you, yet are they in hope, quarrel! and strength^ farre infe- 
riour, a 1633 AUSTIN Medit. (1635) 249 The Devill hath the 
same Quarrell to us Men, that hee had to Christ. 1655 
FULLER Ch. Hist. n. y. 43 Ethelred. .with whom Dunstan 
had a quarrel from his cradle. 1749 FIELDING Tom Jones 
xv. vii, All the quarrel the squire hath to me is for taking 
your part. 1760-72 H. BROOKE Fool ofQttal. (1809) I. 32, 
I have no quarrel, I cried, to the high and mighty. 

b. With possessive pron., or genitive : One's 
cause, side, or party in a complaint or contest ; 
T one's claim to a thing. 

1380 Lay Folks Catech. 1287 Hertely in godes querel to 
withstonde . . in al bat we may. 1390 GOWER Conf. I. 29 
That he wol take the querele Of holy cherche in his defence. 
1440 Generydes 3536 Off all this land I geve vppe my 
quarell. (1489 CAXTON Blanchardyn xxxiv. 126 He was 
aduertysed . . of the cause & quarelle of Blanchardyn. 1593 
SHAKS. 2 Hen. y/, in. ii. 233 Thrice is he arm'd, that hath 
his Quarrell iust. 1697 DRYDEN Mrg. Georg. iv. 318 When 
their Sov'reign's Quarrel calls 'em out, His Foes to mortal 
Combat they defie. 1755 YOUNG Centaur'i. Wks. 1757 IV. 124 
The. .heart commands the. .head, to fight its unjust quarrel, 
and say it is its own. 1808 SCOTT Life Dryden in D.'s 
Wks. (1882) I. 172 Were a nobleman to have recourse to 
hired bravoes to avenge his personal quarrel against any 
one. 1892 STEVENSON Across the Plains xii. 313 In our 
own quarrel we can see nothing truly. 

c. With adjs., specifying the justice or other 
aspect of the cause or ground of contention, f Of 
great quarrel : of importance. 

ci38oWYCLiF.$W. W&s. III. 325 Allemysdoeris. .meyntenen 
a fals quarele a^enst God and his seyntis. 1456 SIR G. HAVE 
Law Arms (S.T. S.) 73 Oft tymes..he that has gude rycht 
tynis the felde, and the wrang querele wynnis. a 1533 LD. 
BERNERS Huon xlix. 164 By a iust quarell ye may go and 
make warre vpon hym. 1590 T. HENEAGE in Lett. Lit. Men 
(Camden) 48 Her Highness dowteth that yt may breed 
discredyt to dy vers of great quarrell. 1651 HOBBES Leviath. 
ii. xix. 97 Sufficient provision being taken, against all just 
quarrelf. 17x5-20 POPE Iliad in. 309 Perhaps their swords 
some nobler quarrel draws, a 1806 K. WHITE Christmas- 
Day 10 Me higher quarrel calls, with loudest song. 1863 
RUSKIN Arrows of Chace (1880) II. 25, I would have the 
country go to war, with haste, in a good quarrel. 

f-d. transf. Cause, reason, ground, plea. Obs. 

1456 SIR G. HAVE Law Arms (S. T. S.) 184 The King of 
France has querele to mak were apon the King of Ungary. 
1476 J. PASTON in P. Lett. III. 164 Then he shold be 
swer that I shold not be fiyttyng, and I had syche a qwarell 
to kepe me at home. 1545 ASCHAM Toxopk. To Gentlem. 
Eng. (Arb.) 20 A fletcher hath euen as good a quarell to be 
angry with an archer. 1607-12 BACON ss. t Marriage 
(Arb.) 270 So as a Man may have a quarrell to marrye 
when he will. 1633 Bp. HALL Hard Texts. N. T. 142 
Judas of Galilee, . . upon the quarrell of the Taxes laid by 
Caesar.. made an insurrection. 

f 3. An objection, opposition, dislike or aversion 
to a thing. Obs. 

_ 1581 W. STAFFORD Exam. CompL Pref., I haue indeuoured 
in fewe wordes to answere certayne quarells and obiections 
dayly and ordinarily occurrent in the talke of sundry men. 
1601 HOLLAND Pliny II. 249 In the disease Tinesmus (which 
is an inordinat quarrell to the stool). 1654-66 EARL ORRERY 
Parthen. (1676) 567 It created a general quarrel to Fortune. 
1720 LADY LANDSDOWN in Lett. Ctess Suffolk (1824) I. 70, 
I. -shall be tempted to have a quarrel to matrimony. 
b. Const, with (as in 2 and 4). 

1726 SWIFT Gulliver in. iv, What quarrel I had with the 
dress or looks of his domestics? 

4. A violent contention or altercation between 
persons, or of one person with another ; a rupture 
of friendly relations. 



QUARREL. 

rise, we will compound this quarrell. 1639 T. BRUGIS tr. 
Camus' Mor. Rclat.in A man very valiant of his hands, but 
hot brained, he had had many quarrels. 1717 LADY M. W. 
MONTAGU Let. to Pope 12 Feb., I was very uneasy till they 
were parted, fearing some quarrel might arise. 1769 BLACK- 
STONE Comm. IV. xiv. 191 If upon a sudden quarrel two 
persons fight, and one of them kills the other, this is man* 
slaughter. 1818 SCOTT Rob Roy x, He will take care to 
avoid a quarrel . . with any of the natives. 1838 THIRLWALL 
Greece V. 265 The quarrels between the Phocians and their 
Locrian neighbours. 1876 MOZLEY Univ. Sertii. x. (1877) 
204 People rush into quarrels from simple violence and 
impetuosity of temper. 

t b. Quarrelling ; quarrelsomeness. Obs. rare. 

1604 SHAKS. Oth. H. iii. 52 He'l be as full of Quarrell, and 
offence As my yong Mistris dogge. 1605 BACON Adv. 
Learn, i. vii. 2 All beasts . . forgetting their severall appe- 
tites ; some of pray, some of game, some of quarrell. 

5. Comb, as quarrel-breeder. 

1611 COTGR., Sursemenr de noises, a make-bate, firebrand 
of contention, quarrell-breeder. 

Quarrel(kw9-rel),z. Forms: 4querele,6-el(l, 
quarel, 6-7 quar(r)ell, (7 Sc. querrell), 7- quar- 
rel. [In Gower, a. OF. quereler (F. quereller), f. 
querele (see prec.) : in later use prob. f. the sb.] 

1. inlr. To raise a complaint, protest, or objec- 
tion ; to find fault ; to take exception. 

a. Const, with. Phr. To quarrel with one's 
bread and butter : to give up a means of livelihood 
for insufficient reasons. 

1390 GOWER Conf. III. 192 With that word the king 
quereleth And seith : Non is above me. 1605 BACON Adv. 
Learn, i. iv. 6 If you take out every axiom . . one by one, 
you may quarrel with them . . at your pleasure. 1671 MIL- 
TON Samson 60, I must not quarrel with the will Of highest 
dispensation. 1752 J. Giu, Trinity iv. 81, I cannot see 
why any should quarrel with our translation. 1780 CRAIG 
Mirror No. 69 F i How did she show superior sense by 
thus quarrelling with her bread and butter? 1894 H. 
DRUMMOND Ascent Man 265 We cannot quarrel with the 
principle in . . Nature which condemns to death the worst. 

transf. 1830 J. G. STRUTT Syli/a Brit. 82 It [the Chesnut] 
quarrels with no soil assigned to it. 
t b. Const, at. Obs. 

1585 W. LAMBARD in Caniden's Lett. (1691) 29 This is 
all that I can quarrel at ; and yet have I pried so far as I 
could, a 1662 HEYLIN Laud (1668) 142 Which Clause . . was 
now quarrel'd at by the Puritan Faction. 17*5 DE FOE 
Voy. round World (1840) 26 The whole weight of their 
resentment seemed to tend to quarrelling at my command. 
f c. absol. or with that. Obs. rare, 

1555 EDEN Decades 125 For all this were not the enemies 
satisfyed : querelinge that this thynge was doone by sum 
slyght. 1563 FOXE A. $ M. (1684) 865 To thintent to 
appeale, and . . to querell vnder the . . moste etTectuall way. 

2. intr. To contend violently, fall out, break off 
friendly relations, become inimical or hostile. 
Const, with (a person) ,for or about (a thing). 

1530 PALSGR. 676/2, I quarell with one, I pycke a mater to 
hym to fall out with hym. 1597 HOOKER Eccl. Pol. v. 
Ixxiv. i Those [heretiques] which doe nothing else but 
quarrell. 1697 DRVDEN Virg. Georg. n. 638 Wine urg'd to 
lawless Lust the Centaurs Train, Thro' Wine they quarrell'd. 
17*8 T. SHERIDAN Persius iii. (1739) 41 Quarrel for your 
Mince-meat, and refuse the Lullaby. 1819 LYTTON Devereux 
ii. v, She quarrelled with me for supping with St. John. 
1875 JOWETT Plato (ed. 2) V. 48 Having abundance of 
pasture, .they would have nothing to quarrel about. 
fig. 1610 SHAKS. Temp. HI. i. 45 Some defect in her Did 
quarrell with the noblest grace she ow'd. 

1 3. trans. To claim contentiously. Obs. rare. 

1579 FENTON Guicciard. 252 Ferdinand . . had alwayes 
secretly quarrelled that title as lawfully appertaining to the 
crowne of Aragon. 1596 DANETT tr. Comines (1614) 241 The 
Emperors daughter was restored vnto him, and the countie 
of Artois together with all the townes he quarrelled. 

t4. To dispute, call in question, object to (an 
act, word, etc.) ; to challenge the validity or 
correctness of. Obs. (Freq. in I7th c.) 

1609 TOURNEUR Fun. Poeme Sir F. Vere 491 If malignant 
censure quarrels it. 1644 PRYNNE & WALKER Fiennes's 
Trial 4 The Lords Orders being not only quarrelled, but 
contemned by those who were to bail him. 1699^ COLLIER 
znd Def. (1730) 326 This fine Phrase puts me in mind of his 
quarrelling a Sentence of mine for want . . of Syntax. 1745 
RUDDIMAN Vind. Buchanan 310 (Jam.), I hope you will not 
quarrel the words, for they are all Virgil's. 1786 BURNS On 
Naethingv, Some quarrel the Presbyter gown, Some quarrel 
Episcopal graithing. 

5. To find fault with (a person) ; to reprove 




clothes. 1688 PENTON Guard. Instruct. (1897) 47 Quarrelling 
the poor man for not coming sooner. 1718 Wodrma Corr. 
(!843) III. 363 He ought not to be quarrelled for his 
opinions. ti8i 7 HOGG Tales * -S*..<i8 3 7> "I- 3J4. T hey 
might kill a good many without being quarrelled for it. 
1897 CROCKETT Lads' Love xiii. 140 It was my fault . . 
I quarrelled her, I angered her. 

f6. With complement: To force or bring by 
quarrelling. Obs. 

1610 B. JONSON Alch. iv. iv, You must quarrel him out o 
the house. 1655 FULLER Ch. Hist. in. xi. 2 Many English 
liishops.. fearing by degrees they should all be quarrelled 
out of their places. .fled into Scotland. 1655 Hist. Camb. 
(1840) 159 How easy was it for covetousness, in those ticklish 
j times, to quarrel the College lands into superstition t 1678 
Yng. Mans Call. 167 There are many.. that quarrel them- 
selves carnally to hell. 

Hence Qua-rrelled///. a. Also f Qua'rrellable 
a., capable of being called in question. 



QITARRELET. 

16. . in Peterliin Rentals Orkney iii. (1820) 14 (Jam. Suppl.) 
Quhilk gift is not confirmed . . and so his right is most 
quarrallable. 1673 LD. FOUNTAINIIALI. in M. P. Brown 
Suffl. Dtcis. (1826) III. 14 The said act of Parliament 
appoints these deeds to be quarrellable. 1820 J. BROWN 
Hist. Brit. Ch. II. App. 7 The Antiburghers still continue 
upon their quarrelled constitution of Synod. 

I Qua'rrelet. Obs. rare~\ In 7 quarelet. 
[f. QUARREL iA.l 3 or 4 + -ET.] A small square. 

1648 HERRICK Hesper., Rock of Rubies (1869) 32 Some ask'd 
how pearls did grow, and where? Then spoke I to my 
girle, To part her lips, and shew'd them there The quarelets 
of pearl. 

Quarrelled (kwp-reld), a. Also quarled. 
[f. QUARREL st. 1 3 + -ED 2 .] a. Of windows : Made 
of quarrels, b. Of glass : Formed into quarrels. 

1868 J. G. MIALL Cotigreg. Yorkih. 103 The shutters which 
protected the quarreled windows from injury. 1880 HISSEY 
Tonr in Phaeton 26 Mullioned windows, so pleasantly 
varied by transom and quarrelled glass. 1894 BLACKMORK 
Perlycross 142 The light from a long quarled window. 

Quarreller (kwoTelaj ). Also 5 querelour, 
6-7 quareller, (7 -or, -our), [f. QUARREL v. + 
-ER 1 .] One who quarrels, in senses of the vb. 

c 1450 Aristotle's A BC in Q. Eliz. Actui., etc. 66 Quenche 
fals querelour ; ( quene of heven \>e will quite, a 1533 
LD. BERNERS CM. Bk. M. Anrtl. (1546) Fvijb, No 
quarellers, but sufferers. 1566 T. STAPLETON Ret. Untr. 
Jewel ii. 46 Such a wrangler and Childish quareller as you 
be. 1601 HOLLAND Pliny I. 58 No riuer hath lesse liberty 
.. yet he is no quarreller, nor much harm doeth he. a 1642 
SIR W. MONSON Wars tvitk Spain (1682) 3 It were better 
to keep company with a Coward than a Quarreller. 176 . 
WESLEY Htub. $ Wives iii. 6 Wks. i8n IX. 66 Away then 
w_ith . . this quarreller, suspicion. 1834 SCOTT St. Rattans 
viii, Quarrellers do not usually live long. 1892 E. REEVES 
Homnvard Bound 103 The big albatross . . scattering the 
quarrellers, seizes the tempting morsel for himself, 
fb. With pun on QUARREL j*. 1 3. Obs. 

1630 Conceits, Clinches etc (Halliw. 1860) 5 One said it was 
unfit a glasier should be a constable, because he was 
a common quareller. 1673 R. HEAD Canting Acad. 163 
Glasiers..are constant Quarrellers. 

Quarrelling (kwo-relin), vbl. sb. [f. QUARBEL 
v. + -ING '.] The action of the vb. QUARREL. 

1546 BALE Eng. Votaries t. 72 They wolde . . styll vexe 
hym witholde quarellynges. 1611 RICH Honest. Ag-e(Percy 
Soc.) 54 The mind is oppressed with idle thoughts which 
spurreth on the tongue to contentious quarrelling. (11715 
BURNET Oivn Time lit. (1724) I. 452 Seimour and he had 
fallen into some quarrellings. 1734 T. WATT Vocat. Eng. 
Lat. 38 You are always making a Quarrelling about nothing. 
1866 GEO. ELIOT F. Hc-U (1868) 30 There was no fear of 
family coolness or quarrelling on this side. 

attrib, 1615 MASSINGER New Way v. i, Make not My 
house your quarrelling scene. 

Qua-rrelling, ///. a. [f. as prec. + -ING 2.] 
That quarrels ; quarrelsome. 

1589 NASHB Prtf. Greene's Menaphon (Arb.) 13 That 
quarrelling kinde of verse. 1593 Tell-TroMs N. Y. Gift 
30 The quarreling mate shall not complaine. 1670 CLAREN- 
DOK AM. Tracts (1727) 166 A froward, proud and quarreling 
conscience. i8 B. CORNWALL Tivo Dreains it The loud 
quarrelling elements cast out Their sheeted fires. 

Hence t Qua-rrellintrly adv. Obs. 

1571 GOLDING Calvin on Ps. Ixix. tt They stryve with them 
quarrellingly, and wythout meeldnesse. 1586 HOLINSHEI> 
Ckron. Eng. III. 20/2 He caused the bishop to be sued, 
quarelinglie charging him that [etc.]. 

t Qua'rrellous, a. Obs. Forms: 5 quere- 
Ioti8(e, quarelouse, 6 quaril-, quarel(l)-, 6-7 
quarrel-, 6-7 quarrellous. [a. OF. quercloiis 
(F. querelleux) : see QUARREL rf.3 and -ous. In 
later use perh. a new formation.] a. Given to 
complaining ; querulous, b. Quarrelsome, con- 
tentious ; fault-finding. (In common use from 
about 1560 to 1650.) 

c 1400 Beryn 2070 They were so querelouse of al my}t com 
in mynde Thou^e it were nevir indede I-do. c 1475 Lerne 
or be Lewife in Babees Bk. 10 [Be not] To Queynt, to 
Querelous, and Queme welle thy maistre. 1490 CAXTON 
Eneydos xxii. 80 Crete wepynges and quarellouse plaintes. 
1556 ABP. PARKER Ps. xxxiv. 84 To scape theyr foes so 
quarilous. 1610 Bp. HALL^A)/. SrmuuistsS} His Maiesties 
speech . . might haue staied the course of your quarrelous 
pen. 01639 SPOTTISWOOD Hist. Ch. Scot. 11. (1677) 66 This 
Gentleman had been in former times very quarrellous and 
turbulent, a 1656 HALES Gold. Rent. (1688) 113 This quar- 
rellous and fighting humour. 

Hence f Qua'rrellously adv. 

s8o A. MONDAY in John a Kent, etc. (Shaks. Soc.) 78 
Everie desperate Dick that can .. behave him selfe so 
quarrelously, 

t Quarrel-picker, -piker. Obs. [f. the phr. 
to pick a quarrel: cf. QUARREL s6.3 2 and PICK .] 

1. One who picks quarrels ; a quarrelsome person. 

1547 COVERDALE Old Faith To Rdr. A vij, Then shall we 
be no Quarrellpykerrs. 1551 T. WILSON Logike 46 These 
quarelpickers, these roysters, and fighters. 1608 TOPSEI.L 
Serpents (1658) 780 A company of corner-creepers, spider- 
catchers, fault-finders, and quarrell.pickers. 

2. Slang. (With pun on QUARREL i^.l 3 ; cf. 
QUARRELLEB b.) A glazier. 

a 1700 B. E. Diet. Coat. Crew. 

So Quarrel-picking-, -piking vbl. sb. and///, a. 

'357 N. T. (Genev.) Acts xvii. 7 note, Like quarelpiking 
they vsed against Christe. 1591 K. TURNBULL Exp. James 
Ep. Ded. A iv b, Reprochfull censure, . . without quarrell- 
picking. 1894 Ir*es/m. Gaz. 25 Sept. 3/2 A. .dining, quarrel- 
picking, and duelling club. 

Quarrelsome (kwgTelswm), a. [f. QUARREL 

fi + -SOME.] 



24 

1. Inclined to quarrel ; given to, or characterized 
by, quarrelling, t Const, at. 

1596 SHAKS. Tain. Shr. i. ii. 13 My M* Is growne quarrel- 
some. 1616 W. SCLATER Sertti. 10 Weigh well how. .quar- 
relsome at the Hues of magistrates the people are. a 1639 
W. WHATF.LF.V Prototypes i. xvi. (1640) 161 A quarrelsome 
fellow, stilt brawling and falling out. 1681 ANNK WYNDHAM 
KingsC once aim. 78 ThisquarrelsomGossipping was a most 
seasonable diversion. 1749 FIKI.DING Tom Jones \. ix, Men 
who are ill-natured and quarrelsome when they are drunk. 
1818 SCOTT Rob Roy xii, The wine rendered me loquacious, 
disputatious and quarrelsome. 1879 MRS. SRGUIN /'/;'. 
Forest viii. 115 The lords of Windeck .. were of a specially 
quarrelsome temper. 

2. Offensive, disagreeable, nonce-use. 

1815 COLERIDGE Aids Rejf. App. i. (1836) 35 Technical 
terms, hard to be remembered, and alike quarrelsome to 
the ear and the tongue. 

Hence Qua rrelsomely adv. 

1755 in JOHNSON. 1873 M'ss BROUGHTON Nancy III. 132 
In an aggressively loud voice, as if he were quarrelsomely 
anxious to be overheard. 1880 MRS. PARR Adam <$ Eve 11. 
vii. 147 The crowd grew.. quarrelsomely drunk. 

Qua-rrelsomeuess. [f. prec. + -NESS.] The 

condition or character of being quarrelsome ; con- 
tentious disposition. 

1611 DONNE Serin, (ed. Alford) V. 32 God giveth not his 
Children . . valour, and then leave th them to a spirit of 
Quarrelsomeness. 01656 Br, HALL Rein. 77 (T.t The 
giddiness of some, others' quarrelsomeness. 1780 BFNTHAM 
Princ. Legist. Wks. 1843 I. 76 note, Although a man, by 
his quarrelsomeness, should for once have been engaged in 
a bad action [etc.]. 1879 K. K. DOUGLAS Confucianism in. 
83 In manhood . . he avoided quarrelsomeness. 

Quarrender, variant of QUARKNDEN. 

tQuarrer. Obs. Forms: 4-5 quarer(e, 4 
quarrer(e, quariere. [a. OF. quarriere f. (isth 
c. ; mod.F. carri%re} t quarrier m. = med.L. qitar- 
(r)r(j)a, quarraria, quadraria y f. quadrate to 
square (stones).] = QUARRY st>. 2 

13.. Metr. Horn. (Vernon MS.) in Herrig Archiv LVII. 
259 Ffer fro | Abbey was a quarere. c 1350 Will. Paleme 
2232 pet saie . . a semltche quarrere under an hei) hel at 
holwe newe diked. 1387 TREVISA Higden (Rolls) I. 271 In 
Gallia beb many good quarers and noble for to digge stoon. 
4:1440 Promp. Parv. 419/1 Quarere, or quarere of stone, 
(A", quarer) . . lapiilicina, 

t Quarreure. Obs. rare. [a. OF. quarrettre 
(quarrure, mod.F. carrure) : L. quadratftra 
QUADRATURE.] Quadrature. 

f 1400 tr. Secreta Secret., Gov. Lordsh. 112 Loke bat be 
mone be noght in be entree of be way, in be quarreure of pe 
sonne, or els yn his contrary. 

tQuarreyor. Obs. rare- 1 , [f. QUARRY z>.i] 
? A bird proper to be the quarry of a hawk. 

1575 TURBEHV. Faulconrie 130 This you shall doe. .vntill 
your Hawke be well entred and quarreyed and that she 
knowe a quarreyor sufficiently. 

Qua'rriable, a. rare. [f. QUARRY v2 + -ABLE.] 
Capable of being quarried. 

1856 EMERSON Eng. Traits iii. 40 The arable soil, the 
quarriable rock. 1880 KUSKIN Fathers Have Told Us i. i. 
16 Quarriable banks above well-watered meadow. 

t Qua'rried, ///. a. 1 Obs. [f. QUARRY z/.i] 
Weil-quarried^ properly trained to fly at quarry. 

1575 TURBERV. Faulconrie 154 Then shall you first cast off 
a well quarried or make Hawke, and let hir stoupe a fowle. 

Qua-rried, ///. a. 2 [f. QUARRY v* + -ED!.] 
Dug out of, or as out of, a quarry. 

1747 H. BROOKE Fables^ Female Seducers Wks. (1810) 414 
He . . Of pearl and quarry'd diamond dreams. 1855 O. W. 
HOLMES Poems 35 One leap of Ocean scatters on the sand 
The quarried bulwarks of tne loosening land. 

Quarrier 1 (kw9'riw). Forms: a. 5 quarre-, 
qwari-, qvary-, querrour, Sc. quereour, 5-6 
quarriour. 0. quaryere, 6 quarryer, 7- quar- 
rier. [a. OF. qtiarreour, -ieur, quarrier (mod.F. 
carrier] , agent-n. to quarrer (mod.F. carrer): L. 
quadrare to square (stones) : cf. late L. quadrator^ 
quadratariuS) in same sense, and see QUARRY s&. 2 ] 
One who quarries stone; a quarryman. 

C1 375 S f - Leg. Saints xxiii. (Seven Sleepers} 213 
Quereouris gadryt sone stanis to wyne. c 1400 Destr. Troy 
1531 Masons full mony ; . . qwariours qweme. 1424 E. E. 
Wills 59 Paied to Fairchild, quarriour, xiijf. and i'njtf. for 
freestone. 1483 CatJi. Angl. 296/2 A Qvaryour, lapidicius. 
1590 Serpent o/Devis. Ciij, There was found by quarriours 
. . a rich tombe of stone. 

ft. (-1440 Promp. Parv. 419/1 Quaryere, lapidicidius. 
1500-18 Ace. Loutk Steeple in Arch&ologia X. 71 William 
Bennet, quarryer. 1610 HOLLAND Caniderfs Brit. i. 531 A 
certaine number of workmen, as Masons and Quarriers. 
1673 RAY Jottrn. Low C. 57 Pillars and Galleries made by 
Quarriers. 1811 PINKERTON Petrol. 1. 498 Where the gypsum 
once bore a prismatic form, now destroyed by the progress 
of the quarriers. 1876 T. HARDY Ethelberta xxxi, Every- 
body in the parish who was not a boatman was a quarrier. 

fig. 18*5 HONE Every-day Bk. I. 274 He was the quarrier, 
and architect, and builder-up of his own greatness. 

t Qua'rrier 2 . Obs. Forms : 6 quarier(e, 6-7 
quarrier, (6 -iere, -iour). [App. an alteration 
of QUARRY sb.\ see also QUARION.] A large 
square candle. 

c 1550 Document (N.\ To cause the groomes to delyver to 
the groom porter all the remaynes of torches and quarriers. 
1581 STVWARD Mart, Distipl. i. 24 Their quarters and their 
cressets being light euerie one by it selfe. i6o^Honsek.On/, 
(1790)305 Mortores, Torchetts, Torches, Quarrioures. 1659 
TORRIANO, Doppionf^ a great torch of wax, which in Court 
is called a Standard, or a quarrier. 



QUARRY. 

Quarring, vbl. sb. : see QUAR v. 1 

Quarrington, variant of QUARENDEN. 

fQuarromes, quarron. Obs. Cant. The body. 

1567 HABMAN Caveat (1869) 84 Bene Light mans to thy 
quarromes..God morrowe to thy body. 1641 I! HOME Jovial 
Crew it. Wks. 1873 III. 388 Here's Pannum and Lap, and 
good Poplars of Yarrum To fill up the Crib and to comfort 
the Quarron. 

Quarry (kifrg'ri), s6.i Forms: 4-5 quirre, 
quyrre, 5 kirre, kyrre, whirry, 6 quyrry ; 4-5 
querrye, querre (also 7), 7 querry ; 5 quarre, 
6 quario, 6-7 quarrie, (6-7 -ey), 6- quarry, 
[a. OF. cuirfo) ft/r&, f. citir (: L. corium} skin : 
see sense i.] 

1 1. Certain parts of a deer placed on the hide 
and given to the hounds as a reward ; also, the 
reward given to a hawk which has killed a bird 
(see quot. c 1350). Obs. 

c 13*0 Sir Tristr. 499 Hert, liuer and li^tes, And blod tille 
his quirre, Houndes on hyde he di^tes. < 1350 Par/. Three 
Ages 233 [The falconer] puttis owte..Jje maryo[7'.r. marowj 
one hts ^loue And quotes thaym [the hawks] to the querrye 
[v.r. whmy) that quelled hym to J>e dethe. c 1400 Master of 
GatttfProL (MS. Digl>y 182), And after whann the hert is 
spaied and dede, he vndothe hym.and maketh his kirre and 
enquirrethor rewarded his houndes. c\^Kt^'en(ryde Twety 
in Rel. Ant. I. 153 The houndes shal be rewardid with the 
nekke and with the bewellis . . and thei shal be etyn under 
the skyn, and therfore it is clepid the quarre. 1486 Bk. St. 
Albans F iv, That callid is Iwis The quyrre, a boue the 
skyn for it etyn is. 1576 TURBERV. I'enerie 34 How a man 
should enter his yong houndes to hunte the Harte, and of 
the quaries and rewardes that he shall giue them. [1688 R. 
HOLME Armoury ii. 188/1 Quarry,, is a gift or reward 
given the Hounds, being some part of the thing hunted.] 

t b. To blow the quarry ; To sound a horn to 
call the hounds to the quarry. Obs. rare 1 . 

c 1500 Wyl Bucket Test. (Copland) 70, I ma no lenger 
tarry, I must uedis hense go. 1 here them blowe the quarry. 

T 2. A collection or heap made of the deer killed 
at a hunting. Obs. 

13. . Gaw. $ Gr. Knt. 1324, & quykly of fc>e quelled dere a 
querre J>ay maked. ^1400 Master of Game xxxv. (MS. 
Digby 182), Alle ^e while that be huntynge lasteth shulde 
be cartes go aboute fro place to place, to brynge deer to be 



Test. (Copland) 31 He that me helpeth to the quarry 
I wyll that he haue mi necke, for a shorte repaste. a 1550 
Hunting of Cheviot 8 m Child Ballads III. 307 To the 
quyrry then the Perse went, To se the bryttlynge off the 
deare. 1590 NASHE PasquiCs Apol. \. E, The carkases of 
the deade, like a quarrie of Deare at a general hunting, 
[shall be] hurled vppon a heape. 1605 SHAKS. Macb. iv. iii. 
206 To relate the manner Were on the Quarry of these 
murther'd Deere To adde the death of you. 

t b. trans/. A heap of dead men ; a pile of dead 
bodies. Obs. 

1589 K. ROBINSON Gold. Mirr. (Chetham Soc) p. xxiii, 
Tifi to the quirry, a number out of count, Were brought to 
reape the iust reward at last. 1603 KNOLLES Hist. Turks 
(1621)308 All fowly foiled with bloud, and the quarrey of 
the dead. 1611 SPEED Hist. Gt. Brit. viii. vii. g 50. 410 
Then went they in haste to the quarry of the dead, but by 
no meanes could finde the body of the King. 

fig. 1633 HERBERT Temple^ Sinner 30, I finde there 
quarries of pil'd vanities. 

3. a. The bird flown at or killed by a hawk or 
other bird of prey. 

1486 Bk. St. Albans Dij, Yowre hawke fleeth to the 
querre. 1590 SPENSER F. Q. n. xi. 43 As when Joue's. .bird 
from hye Stoupes at a flying heron . . The stone dead quarrey 
falls. 1695 CONCREVE Love for L. v. ii, Hooded like a hawk, 
to sieze at first sight upon the quarry. 1748 RICHARDSON 
Clarissa (1811) II. xxv. 166 Wrens and sparrows are not 
too ignoble a quarry for this villanous gos-hawk. 185$ H. 
SPENCER Princ. Psychol. (1872) I. HI. viii. 352 A falcon 
swooping on its quarry. 1878 6. TAYLOR Denkalion n. v. 84 
There wneels a vulture seeking other quarry. 

b. The animal pursued or taken by hounds or 
hunters (see also quot. 1867). 

1612 DRAYTON Poly-alb, xm. 215 No beast shall prove thy 
Quarries heere, Save those the best of chase. 1665 BOYLE 
Occas. Rejl.> Disc. Occas. Med. (1848) 22 One [Rabbit] sets 
him a running, and another proves his Quarry. 1695 
TEMPLE Hist. Eng. (1690)180 The Game, which it* was their 
Interest to preserve, both for their Sport and the Ouarry. 
1808 SCOTT Marni. n. Introd., The startled quarry bounds 
amain, As fast the gallant greyhounds strain. 1867 SMYTH 
Sailor's Word-bk.t Quarry, the preytaken bywhalers. 1883 
E. PENNELL-ELMHIRST Cream Leicestersh. 206 The pack 
pressed their sinking quarry into and through the coverts. 

c. fig. Any object of chase, aim, or attack ; an 
intended prey or victim. 

1615 TOMKINS Albuniazar v. i. in Hazl. Dodsley XI. 404 
When they counter Upon one quarry, break that league, as 
we do. 1693 DRYDEN Juvenal Pref. (1697) 61 Folly was the 
proper Quarry of Horace, and not Vice. 1740 SOMERVILLE 
Hobbinol\\\. 362 If from some small Creek, A lurking Cor- 
sair the rich Quarry Spies. 1837 CARLYLE Fr. Rev. I. in. 
iii, Count Mirabeau . . scents or descries richer quarry from 
afar. 1883 FKOUDE Short Stud. IV- i. iii. 29 The arch- 
bishop dared not at once strike so large a quarry- 

f4. The attack or swoop made by a hawk upon 
a bird ; the act of seizing or tearing the quarry. Obs. 

1607 HEYWOOD Worn. Killed iv. Kindn. Wks. 1874 II. 99 
My Hawke kill'd too. Char. I, but 'twas at the querre, 
Not at the mount, like mine. 16x5 LATHAM Falconry {\dyfr 
27 These kindes of Hawkes . . will be presently wonne with 
two or three quarries. 1667 Decay Chr. Piety v. 16 
Prometheus's vultur begins her quarry in this life. 

5. Comb.) as quarry -over taking^ -scorning adjs. 



1 



QUARRY. 

1647 FAXSHAU-E tr. Pastor Ft'<ii> (1676) 7 Within whose 
Quarry-scorning mind had place The pleasure or the glory 
of the Chase. 1873 BROWNING RedCott. AV.-y* 400 For- 
w.iul, the imn foot ! Onward the quarry-overtaking eye ! 

Quarry (kwg'ri), sb2 Forms ; 5 quar(r)ey, 
querry, 6 quarye, 6-jr quarrie, (7 -ey, quarie), 
6- quarry, (9 dial, wharry). [a. med.L. quareia 
(1266 in Du Cange), var. of quareria, etc. QUAU- 
BEK, q.v. See also QUAR $b* t QUARREL sb.'*] 

1. An open-air excavation from which stone for 
building or other purposes is obtained by cutting, 
blasting, or the like ; a place where the rock has 
been, or is being, cut away in order to be utilized. 

(1420 Chron. V'ilod. 3657 W* an hors..He ladde stones 
from be quarey to be chirche. 1458 R. FANNANDE /nscr. Sf. 
Helen's, Abingdon in Leland /tin. (1769) VII. 80 Than 
ciafti men for the querry made crowes of yre. i48oCAXTON 
Descr. Brit. 5 Quareyes of marble of diuerse maner stones. 
1561 Act 5 KHz. c. 13 3 The Rubbish or smallest broken 
Stones of any Quarry. 1577 NORTHBROOKE />>**, (1843) 135 
Let him be punished and cast . . in the quarries to digge stones. 
1664 DRYDKN Rival Ladies \\. i, If thou wouldst offer both 
the Indies to me, The Eastern Quarries, and the Western 
Mines. 17*8 YOUNG Love of Fame \. 168 Belus .. builds 
himself a name; and, to be great, Sinks in a quarry an 
immense estate ! 1759 JOHNSON Rasselas xxxvii, Walls 
supply stones more easily than quarries. 1838 TJURLWALL, 
Greece xv. II. 320 The quarries were filled with these un- 
fortunate captives. 1877 A. B. EDWARDS Up Nile vii. 165 
An ancient quarry from which the stone has been cut out in 
smooth masses. 

fig. 1647 COWLEY Mistr., Thraldom v, Others with sad 
and tedious art, Labour i' the Quarries of a stony Heart. 
1663 SIR G. MACKENZIE Relig. Stoic xyil (1685) 152 Each 
sentence seems a quarry of rich meditations. 1847 Lu. 
LINDSAY Chr. Art I. 60 The whole quarry of legends } cere- 
monies and superstitions which Rome . . employed in the 
structure of., the church of the middle ages. 

b, transf. Any place from which stones may be 
obtained as from a quarry. 

1838 THIRLWALL Greece II. 364 Houses, temples, the 
monuments of the dead, were the quarries from which they 
drew. 1858 HAWTHORNE Fr. fy It. Jrnls. (1872) I. 48 Its 
walls were a quarry of precious stones. 1871 FREEMAN 
Norm. Conq, (1876) IV. xviii. 220 The ruins of the Roman 
town still remained as a quarry ; where all who would might 
seek materials for their own buildings. 

f 2. A large mass of stone or rock in its natural 
state, capable of being quarried. Obs. 

1630 MILTON Passion 46 On the softned Quarry would 
I score My plaining vers. 1670 DRYDEN 2nd Pt. Conq. 
Granada v. i, As some huge rock, Rent from its quarry, 
does the waves divide. 1711 J. JAMES tr. Le Blond's 
Gardening 107 When they meet with Rocks or Quarries, 
they make use of Gun-powder to blow them up. 1764 
Museum Rust. M. Ixxviii. 272 Where lucern is planted upon 
a quarry, if the stone hath not many interstices .. the length 
of the roots will be impeded. 

fig. ,/ 1625 FLETCHER Love's Pilgr. v. iv, Though I am 
none of those Flinty fathers, yet . . AH are not of my quarry. 

f 3. The hard granular part of a pear. Obs. 
raw 1 . (So F. carriere^} 

1707 Curiosities in Hnsb. $ Card. 47 Besides these Parts, 
a Pear has one called the Quarry, which is a little heap of 
stony Knobs. 

4. attrib. and Comb., as quarry-cart, -district, 
-ground, -hole, -land, -mason, -master, -owner, 
-pit, -rid (refuse), -slaw, -stone , etc.; quarrylike 
adj. ; quarry-faced a., rough-faced, as taken from 
the quarry ; quarry-stone bond, rubble masonry ; 
quarry-sap, -water, the moisture contained in 
newly quarried stone. 

1805 R. W. DICKSON Pract. Agric, (1807) 1. 62 The *quarry- 
cart, a strong low cart for the loading and carrying of heavy 
stones. 1577 HARRISON England n. xxil. (1877) i. 337 Where 
the rocks and *quarrie grounds are. 1891 G. NEILSON Per 
Lineam Valli 32 Hundreds of *quarry-holes, mere surface 
pitmarks on the hill sides. 17^2 A. YOUNG Trav. France 
289 Rock and quarry-land, with sandy gravels, abound 
there. 1856 MRS. H. B. STOWE Dred II. vi. 76 They are 
*quarry-masters, that quarry out marble enough for a genera- 
tion to work up. 1579-80 NORTH Plutarch (1676) 9^5 
Dionysius .. sent him forthwith to dig In the *Quarry-pit. 
1862 Alin. Proc. Inst. C. E. XXI. 482 Covered with a layer 
of puddled clay . . ' *quarry rid ' and broken stone. 1883 
Stonemason J[an., So that .. the *quarry sap might be 
thoroughly dried out of them, and the stone.. fit for use. 
1813 J. FORSYTH Rent. Excnrs. Italy 271 An iron crow . . 
appears to have been left there by some ancient *quarry- 
slave. 1856 BRYANT Thanatopsis 77 Like the quarry-slave 
at night, Scourged to his dungeon. 1878 HUXLEY Physiogr. 
22 Stone when freshly taken from the quarry usually holds 
moisture, known to the workman as **quarry water'. 

Quarry (kwo-ri),j/;.3 Also 6 -ey, 7 -ie. [Later 
form of QUARREL sb. 1 , perh. after QUARRY a. or K. 
'tf sb. (see next).] 

fl. A square-headed arrow. = QUARREL i. Obs. 

1600 FAIRFAX Tasso in. xlix, The shafts and quarries from 

heir engins file. 1627 DRAYTON Aginconrt 20 Out of the 
Towne come quarries thick as haile. 

2. A pane of glass. = QUARREL 3. 

1611 COTGR., Rhombe,..*, figure that hath equall sides, and 
vnequall angles ; as a quarrie of glasse, etc. 1652-62 
HEYUN Cosmogr. \. (1682) 145 They only open a little 
quarry of Glass, and presently shut it close again. 1727-41 
CHAMBERS Cycl. s. v. Quarry, Quarries, or quarrels, of glass, 
are of two kinds : viz. square and long ; . . the acute angle 
being 77 19' in the square quarries, and 67 22' in the long 
ones. 1733 NEAL Hist.^Pnrit. II. 234 He took down a 
quarry or two in a quiet and peaceable manner. 1879 
MRS. OUFHANT Within Precincts (Tauchn.) I. iv. 62 This 
window was filled with old painted glass in. .quarries. 

attril'. 1703 T. N. City -y C Purchaser 158 For taking 

VOL. VIII. 



VOL. VII 



25 



down Quarry -glass, Scouring it .. and setting up again, the 
usual Price is iA</. per Foot. 

3. A square stone, tile, or brick. = QUARREL 4. 
1555 EDEN Decades 329 Al matters of hard compositions 
as quarreysand stones. 1664 H. MORE^/J-J/. Iniij. 379 Lying 
nut.. as the quarries of a Pavement, but as the scales of 
Fishes. 1709 SIEKLE Tatler No. 175 p 8 What Ground 
remains . . is flagged with large Quarries of white Marble. 
1876 GEO. ELIOT Dan. Der. \\. xvi, Scoured deal, red 
quarries, and white-wash. 

J'S> J 593 NASHE 4 Lett. Confut. 68 In a verse, when 
a worde of three sillables cannot thrust in but sidehngs, to 
ioynt him euen, we are oftentimes faine to borrowe some 
lesser quarry of elocution from the Latine. 

Comb. 1885 Census Instruct. 87 Brick-, Tile-maker.. 
Quarry Layer, Presser, Maker. 

t Quarry,^. 4 Obs. rare-^. [?a.F./wr/(now 
carrt) a square piece, sb. use of qttarrt QUARUY a. 
See also QUARION, QUARRIER.] A square candle. 

1536 Honseh. Ord. (1790) 157 One of the groomes..to carry 
to the chaundrie all the remaine of morters, torches, quarries, 
pricketts. 

t Qua'rry, al Obs. Also 4-5 quarre, (4 -ee, 
-ey, quare, ?quaire), 6 quarye, 7 quarrie. [a. 
OF. quarrt (mod.F. carrt} : L. quadrat-us square, 
QUADRATE #.] Square ; squarely built, stout. 

1297 R. GLOUC. (Rolls) 8527 Quarre [t'.r. quarry, quare] he 
was & wel ymad vor to be strong. 1330 R. BRUNNE 
Chron. Wace (Rolls) 10310 pat lough ys here yn bys contre, 
Cornerd as a cheker quarre. c 1380 Sir Fentmb, 1072 
Brode scholdres had he with-alle; & brustes ful quarree. 
(1400 tr. Secreta Secret., Gov. Lordsh. 92 Anober [plant]., 
whos braunche is quarre, whos leuys er round, c 1440 
Protnp. Parv. 419/1 Quarry, thykk mann, or womann,.. 
corpulentus,gro$sns. 1571} G. HARVEY Letter-bit* (Camden) 
93 They are so quarry bigge and righte Babylonian like. 
1601 HOLLAND Pliny II. 499 To make his images of a quarry 
and square stature. 1611 COTGR., Corpulent, grosse, big- 
bodied, quarrie, fat. 

"f Qua'rry, . 2 Obs. rare. In 6-7 quar(r)ie. 
[f. QUAR r.'-f-yl.] Clotted, coagulated. 

1587 MASCALL Govt. Cattle, Sheepe (1627) 241 Put the 
fine powder of rozen into the cod, and that will dry vp the 
quarie bloud. 1638 FEATLEY Transnbst. 76 You touch no 
soft flesh with your hand, nor quarrie blood with your lips. 

Quarry (kwo-ri), vl [f. QUARRY j/>.i] 

fl. trans, a. To teach (a hawk) to seize its 
quarry, b. To supply with a quarry (in quot.^^".) 

1575 TURBERV. Faulconrie 121 At the beginning rewarde 
hir and feede hir well vpon the quarrey.. .When she is well 
in bloude, and well quarried, then let hir flee with other 
liawkes. 1613 BEAUM. & Fu Captain HI. iii, 'Tis pity Thou 
shouldst not be well quarred at thy entr'ing Thou art so high 
flown for him. 1618 LATHAM 2rf Bk. Falconry (1633) 117 
Hautng a good make Hawke, you shall wel quarrie her, 
and then she will bee worthy the accounting of. 

t 2. intr. To pounce or seize on, as a hawk on 
its quarry ; to prey or feed on. Obs. 

1627-77 FELTHAM Resolves i. xxi. 38 She quarries on the 
prey she meets withal, a 1658 CLEVELAND Poetns, To Pro- 
tector (1677) 144 Can your Towring Spirit, which hath 
quarried upon Kingdoms, make a stoop at us? 1681 T. 
FLATMAN Heraclitus Ridens No. 9 (1713) I. 58 Though 
Eagles do not quarry upon Flies. 1709 JER. COLLIER Ess. 
Alor. Sttbj. iv. 39 He has quarryed upon the whole, and 
master'd the Men, as well as the Money. 

3. trans. To hunt clown or kill (a beast of chase). 

1820 BYRON Mar. Fal. in. ii. 402 Nor turn aside to strike 
at such a prey, Till nobler game is quarried. 

Quarry (kwg'ri), v.% [f. QUARRY sb. 2 ] 

1. trans. To obtain (stone, etc.) by the processes 
employed in a quarry. Also with out, 

1774 GOLDSMITH Hist. Earth v, In the mountains of Cas- 
travan..they quarry out a white stone. 1811 PINKERTON 
Petral. II. 57 It is quarried at Vulpino, 15 leagues from 
Milan. 1853 KANE Grinnell Exfi. xxx. (1856) 258 Now we 
had to quarry out the blocks [of ice] in flinty, glassy lumps. 
1872 YEATS Growth Comm. 39 Higher up the river valley 
were quarried the massive syenite slabs used in the erection 
of their temples. 

b. fig. To obtain or extract by laborious methods. 

1860 MAURY Phys. Geog, Sea x. (Low) 465 Materials 
which a certain kind of insect quarried from the sea water. 
1868 J. H. BLUNT Ref. Ch. Eng. I. 361 His only object was 
to quarry gold and silver out of the monastic treasuries. 

2. To form a quarry in, to cut into (rock, etc.). 

1847 EMERSON Poems, The House, She ransacks mines 
and ledges, And quarries every rock. 1866 LIDDON Bampt. 
Lect. i. (1875) 34 The rocky hillside is no longer beautiful 
when it has been quarried. 1877 A. B. EDWARDS Up Nile 
v. 120 The rocky barrier .. quarried here and there in 
dazzling gaps of snow-white cuttings. 

3. intr. To cut or dig in, or as in, a quarry. 

1848 KINGSLEY Saint's 7"ra%. n. x, Something did strike 
my heart. .Which quarries daily there with dead dull pain. 
1874 L. STEPHEN Hours in Library (1892) I. x. 345 The 
industrious will find . . waste paper in which they may quarry 
to their heart's content. 

Hence Qua-rrying 1 vbl. sb. Also//, and attrib. 

1823 CRABH, Quarryings, pieces that are broken off from 
the different materials that are wrought in quarries. 1854 
H. MILLER Sch. $ Sckm. xiii, (1860) 138 On first commencing 
our quarrying operations. 1865 SWINBURNE Poems fy Ball., 
Orchard 33 No quarrying now the corner-stone is hewn. 

Qua'rry, z'. 3 rare" 1 , [f. QUARRY $b.$ 2 or 3.] 
trans. To glaze or lay with quarries, 

1851 TURNER Dom. Archil. I. v. 246 To whitewash and 
quarry the King's chamber. 

Qua'rryman (kwg'rimoen). [f. QUARRY sb.-] 
One employed in quarrying; one who works in 
a quarry. 

1611 COTGR., Qmtrrieur t a Quarrier, or Quarrey-man. 



QUART. 

a 1718 WOODWARD (J.), The quarryman assured me [it] was 
flat. 1806 A. DUNCAN Nelson 284 His father, a quarryman 
lived at Rusty Anchor. 1862 ANSTED Channel IsL iv. 
App. B (ed. 2,1 570 In Guernsey, six hundred and fifty-three 
were quarry men. 1883 Manch, Exam. 28 May 5/2 The 
whole Welsh people, from the aristocracy down to the 
collier and quarryman, are agreed. 

t Quart, quert, a. and sbl Obs. Forms : 4-5 
quarte, quert i^e, qwert(e, 5 qwarte, -tt, whert, 
whart(e, 4-6 quart, fapp. a. ON. *kwert t neut. 
of *kwer-r (of which the recorded forms are Icel. 
tyrr^ ONorw. kvirr, Da. tjv^r, Sw. qvar} quiet, 
still = !Al\G.kurre(G.kirre}, Goth, qairrus gentle, 
mild. For the retention of the neuter ending cf. 
thwart. In Engl. the word is chiefly poetic.] 

A. adj. Healthy ; in good condition ; whole and 
sound. 

a 1300 Cursor M. 26119 (CotL) Opins to your lauerd vpur 
hert. And riues it, to mak it quert i$...Seuy Sag. (W.) 
771 The cradel turnd up so doun . . The stapeles hit upheld 
a! quert. a 1400 Stockh. Merf. MS. i. 146 in Anglia XVIII. 
298 pis drinke xal . . makyn hym hwngry for to etc As a 
qwert man al maner mete. 01420 HOCCLEVE De Reg. 
Princ. 1061 Be thou riche or poor, or sike or quert. c 1450 
Life St. Cuthb. 4215 On one his eye was hale and whart. 
1556 ABP. PARKER Ps. IxxiiL 203 Their paunches ful : their 
helth so quart. 

B. sb. Health ; healthy or sound condition ; the 
state of being alive and well. Chiefly in phr. in 
quart (freq. in 14-1501 c.). 

a 1300 Cursor M. 1803 pof bat noe was in quert, He was 
noght al at es in hert. ^1330 R. BRUNNE Chron. Wace 
(Rolls) 9990 Ouer al was wo, & no whar quert. (-1400 
Destr, Troy 6941 [pai] fayn were . . ^at bai had hym at bond 
& in holl qwert. c 1450 Life St. Cuthbert 3958 Bischop 
Edbart Wex full seke and oute of whart. 1522 MORE De 
gnat. Nouiss. Wks. 80/1 Ye would recken your belly not in 
good quart. 1559 MORWYNG Evonym. 149 It preserveth it 
in good health and in good quart. 

b. That which gives health or soundness, rare. 

a 1300 Cursor M. 21354 pe rode. .Gains al ur care it es ur 
quert. ^1400 Ywaine ty Gaw. 1488 My leman swete,..My 
joy, my comforth, and my quert. 

Quart (kwgjt), sb. z Forms : 5 qwh-, qvarte, 
5-7 quarte, 17 dial, whart), 4- quart. [a. F. 
quarte fern. (i3th c. in sense i) and quart masc. 
(= It. quarta, quarto, Sp. cuarta, cuarto], repr. L. 
quarta, -turn, fern, and neut. of qttartus fourth.] 

1. An English measure of capacity, one-fourth of 
a gallon, or two pints. 

c 1325 Poem times Edw. //, xxix, He wil drawe at a 
drawjt A gode quart other more Of gode ale. c 1386 
CHAUCER Miller's T. 311 This Carpenter .. broghte of 
myghiy Ale a large quart, c 1410 Liber Cocorum (1862) 26 
Ofnony a qwharte thou take. 1500-20 DUNBAR Poems xl. 
27 They drank twa quartis, sowp and sowp. 1555 EDEN 
Decades 197 They take for euery man two or three quartes 
of water. 1579 in W. H. Turner Select. Rec, Oxford 401 
An ale quarte for a penye. 1599 HAKLUYT Voy. I. 506 Your 
wines shalbe sold by hogs heads, pipes or buttes, but not by 
quartes nor pintes. 1709 PRIOR I'ng. Gent Int. in Love 58 
He.. drank a Quart of Milk and Tea. 1816 J. SMITH 
Panorama Sc. <$ Art II. 782 Four ounces of Brazil-wood. . 
In a quart of water. 1896 SIR M. HICKS-BEACH in Daily 
News 23 July 4/3 What he might describe in homely phrase 
as putting a quart into a pint pot. 

Jig. 1797 COLMAN Heir at Law nt. it, He can ladle you 
out Latin by the quart, 

b. A vessel holding a quart; a quart-pot or 
quart-bottle. 

c 1450 M\RcPar.Pr.7i2 False measures,busshelles,galones, 
..quartes. 1500-20 DUNBAR Poems xxvi. 95 Mony fowll 
drunckart, With can and collep, cop and quart. 1535 LYNDE- 
SAV Satyre 1373 To fill the Quart I sail rin to tne toun. 
1596 SHAKS. Tarn. Shr, Ind. ii. 89 Because she brought 
stone-lugs, and no seal'd quarts. 1688 R. HoLMEArrneury 
m. 294, 3 Quarts, their lids open, . . born by Quaffer. c 1800 
[see GILL sb? 2). 1885 H. F 'INCM-HATT ON Advance Austral. 
in A tin quart of water is set down by the fire. 

c. attrib.) as quart-ale, bottle, flagon, -measure, 
retort (see quot.). See also QUART-POT. 

1454 Paston Lett. No. 219 I. 307 To sende horn wyn and 
ij. quart botelys. 1611 FLORIO, Quarta, . . a quart measure. 
ci6$o BRATHWAIT Bartiabees Jrnl. iv. (i8i8j 167 Thence 
to Lonesdale, where were at it Boyes that scorned quart-ale 
by statute, 1764 COLMAN Prose Strv, Occas. (1787) II. i 
I'o see a man get into a Quart Bottle. 1767 WOULFE in 
Phil. Trans. LVII. 521 note, What goes by the name of 
a quart retort holds better than two gallons of water. 1828 
SCOTT F. M. Perth xvi He filled a quart flagon. 

f2. [F. quart m.} A quarter ^/"something. Obs. 

1454 Paston Lett. No. 201 I. 278 Be the space of on 
qaurte [quarte] of an houre. 1561 HOLLYBUSH Horn. Apoth. 
9 Take a quarte of an unce. 

fb. A quarter of a pound. Obs. rare* 1 , 

1496 Fysshynge w. angle (1883) 10 Take, .a lytyll iuce of 
walnot leuys and a quarte of alym. 

t C. ' Frob., the fourth part of the great tithes 
(Jam.). Obs. rar~ l . 

1630 GORDON Hist. Earls Snthcr Id. (1813} 32 Thcr peculiar 
landward (or rurall) churches, together with the particular 
tithes, crofts, manses, gleibs, and t quartes, ar severatlie 
appoynted to everie one of the dignites and channons. 

f3. a. A quarter of the horizon, b. A quarter, 
region. Obs. rare. 

"559 W.CLTNINCHAM Cosmogr. Glasse 154 Betwixt either of 
these quartes, two other windes brost out. 1590 SPF.NSER 
F. Q. n. x. 14 Albanact had all the Northerne part .. And 
Camber did possesse the Westerne quart. 

f4. [ad. Sp. tuarto.] A Spanish copper coin, 
worth four maravedis. Obs. 



QUART. 

1631 Celcstina iv. 52, 1 never wanted . . a Quarte, that is 
the eighth part of sixepence to send for wine. 1777 . 
DALRYMPLE Trait. Sp. f, Port, xxviii, An officer of the 
customs, demanded a toll, each horse paying three quarts. 

5. Mus. The interval of a fourth, rare. 

1890 Academy 18 Jan. 51 A succession of parallel quarts, 
quints, and octaves,, .intolerable to modem ears. 

Quart (kaUt), sb.l [ad. F. quarte : see prec.] 

1. A position in fencing (see quot. 1692) = QUABTE, 
CARTE 2 . Quart and tierce, practice between 
fencers who thrust and parry in quart and tierce 
alternately ; also^ff. 

1692 SIR W. HOPE Fencing-Master 4 When a Man holdeth 
the Nails of his Sword-hand quite upwards, he is said to 
hold his hand in Quart. 1698 KARQUHAR Love f, Bottle 11. 
ii, A Frenchman is bounded on the North with Quart, on the 
South with Tierce. 1727 BOYER Anfl.-Fr. Diet., Quarte, 
a Quart, a Pass in Fencing. 1800 MALKIN tr. Gil Bias iv. 
vii.ii88i) II. 13 The assassin stab of time was parried by 
the quart and tierce of art. 1889 TENNYSON Demeter, etc. 
173 Subtle at tierce and quart of mind with mind. 

attrit. 1692 SIR W. HOPE Fencing-Master 22 The Quart 
Parade, or the Parade within the Sword. Itid, 105 Keep- 
ing this Quart Guard with a streight point 1794 Hope's 
newMeth. Fencing^ Supplying the defect of the Ordinary 
Quart Guard. 

2. A sequence of four cards, in piquet and other 
card-games. Quart major, the sequence of ace, 
king, queen, knave. 

1727 BOYER Angl.-Fr. Diet., Quarte, a Quart, or fourth, 
at Picket. 1746 HOYLE Whist (ed. 6) 26 Suppose you have 
. .a Quart from a King ; . . your Partner has a Quart-major. 
1826 Miss MITFORD Village Ser. 11. (1863) 342 [She] never 
dealt the right number of cards . . did not know a quart from 
a quint, 1860 Bohn's Hand-tk. Games Pref. 12 Lead the 
highest of a sequence, but if you have a quart . . to a King, 
lead the lowest. Itid. II. 45 A suit of which your partner 
has a quart-major. 

t Quart, sb.*, obs. variant of CABTE!, chart. 

1529 RASTELL Pastyme Prol. (1811) 5 As they . . may well 
perceyue by the syght of the quart or Mappa mundi. 
Quart, a. : see sb. 1 above. 

Quart (kait), tv.l [ad. F. quarter (Moliere), 
f. quarte QUART i*. 3] a. intr. To use the posi- 
tion ' quart ' in fencing, b. trans. To draw back 
(the head and shoulders) in doing so. Hence 
QuaTtiiig vbl. sb. 

1691 SIR W. HOPE Fencing-Master *4 You must give it 
with your Nails in Quart, and Quart your head well Ibid. 
31 The Quarting of your head preserveth you from being 
hit in the face. (.1700 B. E. Diet. Cant. Crew, Quarting 
upon the strtight line, keeping the Head and Shoulders very 
much back from the Adversary's Sword, when one thrusts 
with his own. 1833 New AfonMyAf of. \XXVlll. 343 He 
quarts and tiercesfor twenty minutes. 
Quart, z>. 2 , variant of QUARTER v. 1 1 b. rare- 1 . 
1812 Sporting Mag. XXXIX. 136 The coachman .. on 
quai tint; out as usual, and finding himself thus borne down 
upon, poured forth a volley of abuse. 

Quartan (kwgutan), a. and sb. Forms: 4-7 
quartaine, 4, 7 -ain, 5-6 -ayn(e ; 4-6 quarteyn(o, 
(4 -en, 5 -ein) ; 5-7 quartane, (6 cart-), 6- quar- 
tan. See also QUARTERN, a. [Orig. a. F. (fiivrc) 
quartaine, ad. L. (febris) quartan-a fern, of quar- 
tan-us, f. quartus fourth. The mod. form is directly 
based on the L.] 

A. adj. 1. Path. Of a fever or ague : Charac- 
terized by the occurrence of a paroxysm every 
fourth (in mod. reckoning, every third) day. 
In early use placed after the sb., as in F. 
a 1300 Cursor M. 11828 He. .bar-wit had feuer quartain. 
01400 Stockh, Med. MS. ii. 954 in Anglia XVIII. 330 
Ageyn feuerys quarteyn It is medicyn souereyn. 1494 
FABYAN Chron. vn. 520 The appellaunt . . was sore vexyd 
with a feuer quarteyne. 1547 BOORDE Brrv. Health cxxxix. 
51 A fever quartayne. .doth infeste a man every thyrd day, 
that is to say two dayes whole and one sycke. 1570 GOOGE 
Pop. Kingd. iv. 52 b, The quartan ague and such other sick- 
nesse greate. a 1612 HARINGTON Saterne's Regim. (1634) 
25 Cow flesh, Harts flesh,. . doe engender fever Quartaines. 
1750 tr. Leonardos' Mirr. Stones 73 Taken with wine, it 
drives away quartan agues. 1852 Miss YONGE Cameos 
(1877) II. xxxiii. 339 Quartan ague had seized on the en- 
feebled frame of her father. 1875 JOWETT Plato (ed. 2) III. 
670 A quartan fever, which can with difficulty be shaken off. 
f2. Belonging to the fourth place or degree. Obs. 
1794 E. DARWIN Zoon. (1801) IV. 185 The tertian or quartan 
links of associate motions are actuated by direct sympathy. 
B. sb. A (or the) quartan ague or fever. 
Double quartan, one in which there are two sets of 
paroxysms, each recurring every fourth (third) day. 

1387 TREVISA Higden (Rolls) IV. 249 Porcius. .slows hym 
self for noye and sorwe of a double quarteyn. 1450-80 tr. 
Secreta Secret. 32 He shalle haue no dowte of flewme . . and 
he shalle haue no quarteyne. c 1491 CAXTON Chast. Goddes 
Chyld. 23 Of this quarteyn some men falle in to another 
feuer that is cleped double quartern. 1597 GERARDE Hertal 
l. ciii. 2. 170 A roote or two. .is a good remedie against 
old quartaines. 1633 Bp. HALL Occas. Medit. (1851) 147 
The quartan hath of old been justly styled the shame of 
physicians. 1725 BRADLEY Fam. Diet. s.v. Spider, The 
Spider it self will cure Quartans. 1822-34 Goods Study 
Med. (ed, 4) I. 607 The tertian [has] a longer paroxysm and 
a shorter interval than the quartan. 1898 P. MAN-SON Trof. 
Diseases i. 25 In quartans and tertians, but especially in 
the former, sporulating rosette forms are seen occasionally. 
fie- '590 NASHE Pasquifs Afol. 1. Biij, He that hath 
such a dubble quartane of curiositie..will prooue passing 
treacherous. 

Quartan : see QUARTERN si. 2 5. 
t Quartana-rian = next sb. a. Obs. ran 1 . 



26 



i68o SIR T. BROWNE tt'kt. (1852) III. 472 Formerly they 
gave not the cortex to quartanarians, before they had been 
ill a considerable time. 

t Qua'rtanary, sb. and a. Obs. Also j quart - 
enare, 7 -ainary. [ad. late L. quarfanari-ns (in 
sense A. a) : see prec. and -ABY.] 

A. sb. a. One who has a quartan fever or ague. 
b. = QUABTAN sb. rare. 

1440 Promp. Parv. 419/1 Quartenare, or bat hathe be 
quarteyne. 1684 tr. Sonet's Merc. Comfit, vi. 223 Quart- 
anaries. .gather much crude humours. 

B. adj. Pertaining to, of the nature of, a quartan 
fever or ague ; characterized by quartans. 

1669 BOYLE Contn. New Exf. l. 176 An odd Quartainary 
Distemper, that I slighted so long, as to give it time to take 
Root. 1679 LOCKE JrnL 15 Nov. in Bourne Life (18761 I. 
viii. 451 The constitution of this autumn was intermittent 
and quartanary, though many of the fevers . . were continued 
and several made so by ill management. 

Quartar(e, obs. forms of QUARTER sb. 

Quartary (kw-Jtari), sb. and a. [ad. L. quart- 
art-us, the fourth part of any measure, esp. of a 
sextarius, f. quartus : see QOABT st. 2 ] t a. sb. (See 
quot 1656.) Obs. rare", b. adj. Fourth, rare 1 . 

1656 BLOUNT Glossogr,, Quartary, the fourth part of a 
Sextary ; also a quarter of a pound. 1839 J. ROGERS Anti- 
fopopr. x. ii. 255 Where to go to find the fourth or quartary 
set of mediators. 

Quartation (kwgatf'-Jsn). [f. L. quart-us 
fourth + -ATION.] The operation of combining 
silver with gold so that the latter metal forms one 
quarter of the whole ; the gold is then separated 
from the silver, and at the same time freed from 
its impurities, by means of nitric acid. 

i6i> WOODALL Surf. Male Wks. (1653) 273 Quartation is 
the separation of Gold and Silver mixt together, by four 
unequal parts. 1680 BOYLE Scept. Chetn. IL 144 That 
Operation that Refiners call Quartation, which they employ 
to purifie Gold. 1758 REID tr. Macquer's Chym. L 149 The 
gold . . is frequently alloyed with more or less silver, from 
which it is to be separated by quartation. 1868 SEYD Bul- 
lion 219 Fine Gold may also be assayed without Quartation. 

II Quarte (kart, kiut). [a. ?. quarte: see QUART 
si.3] A position in fencing. <= QUART sb.% i. 

a 1700 B. E. Diet. Cant. Crew, Quarte, Nails of the 
Sword-Hand quite up. ^1830 G. ROLAND Iiitrod. Course 
Fencing 16 The parade of quarte is made by offering, with 
the nails turned upwards, the fort of your blade to the foible 
of your adversary's. 1885 E. CASTLE Sck. Fence 133 A 
heavy sweep in seconde from a high quarte at arm's length. 

fig. 1872 BROWNING Fifine xvi, Words urged in vain . . 
You waste your quarte and tierce. 

f Quarteer, -ier. Obs. rare. [? for quartereer : 
see -EER, -IER.] = QUARTERMASTER i. 

1719 D'URFEY Pills III. 305 The Quartier must Cun, 
Whilst the foremast-man steers. 1717-4' CHAMBERS Cycl. 
s.v. Quarter-master, The quarter-master, or quarteer, is 
also to mind the ship's loading ; which is the business he is 
chiefly employed about. 

tQuartelet. Obs. rare. [a. OF. quartelettc, 
dim. of quarte QUART sb.v\ A small quart. 

1453 Test. Ebor. (Surtees) II. 191 Item ii pottis quarte- 
lettis of siluer couered. 1459 in Paston Lett. No. 336 I . 
488 Item, .j. quartelet for wine. 

Quartenare, variant of QUABTANABV. 

Quarter (kwgutaj), sb. Also 4 quartare, 
qwatteer, 4-6 quartre, 5 quartere, -yer, 
wharter, qwarter, 5-6 quartar, 6 qwartter, (7 
ooter). [a. OF. quarter, -ier ( 1 2th c. in Littre) : 
L. quart 'ar-ius a fourth part (of a measure), f. 
quartus fourth : see QUART sb. z and -ER 2 3.] 

I. One of four equal or corresponding parts 
into which anything is or may be divided. 

1. Of things generally. 

ij.. Guy Wanu. (A.) 1497 Gwichard smot Gij .. Opon be 
hefme . . pat a quarter out fleye. c 1375 Sc. Leg. Saints xl. 
(ffinian) 737 Nere be quartare of a myl. c 1400 Rom. Rose 
3184 Non herte may thenke . . A quarter of my wo and 
peyne. 1470 HENRY Wallace ix. 079 Than off the day 
thre quartans was went. 1564 Child Marriages 124 About 
a quarter of a yere ago. 1599 SHAKS. Hen. V. L ii. 215 
Diuide your happy England into foure, Whereof, take you 
one quarter into France. 1650 B. Discolliminiuni 49 And 
now I am 3 quarters Presbyterian, I keep one quarter still 
Independent. 1607 DRYDEN Virg. Georg. i. 349 The four 
quarters of the rolling year. 1796 MRS. GLASSE Cookery 79 
Garnish with a Seville orange cut in quarters. 1841 Q. Rev. 
LXV1I. 358 Some quarter of a century ago. 1880 GEIKIK 
Phys. Geog. i. 29 Exactly a quarter of a circle, or 90. 

b. Phr. A bad (etc.) quarter of an hour [tr. F. 
tin mauvais quart d'lieure], a short but very un- 
pleasant period of time. 

[1717 tr. Frezier's \'oy. no Rablais's Quarter of an Hour, 
that is, when the Reckoning is to be paid.] 1887 J. BALL 
Nat. in S. Anter. 338 When I reached the station .. I had 
an unpleasant quarter of an hour. 1897 W. E. NORRIS 
Marietta's Marr. xxxl 225, I hope he will have a rather 
nasty quarter of an hour. 

c. Qualifying an adv. or advb. phrase (cf. HALF 
adv. I d) ; f formerly also without a. 

1522 SIR T. CHEYNF. in State Papers (1849) VI. 88 He had 
rather ryde into England . . then to ryde a quarter so farre to 
eny other Prince living. 1545 ASCHAM Toxoph. ll. (Arb.) 157 
Sumtyme ful side wynde, sumtyme quarter with hym and 
more. 1818 BUSBY Grantm. Mns. 69 A quaver is only one 
quarter as long as a Minim. 

d. Const, with sbs. without o/(c{. HALF a. I b). 
1866 MRS. OLIPHANT Madonna Mary (Tauchn.) I. xiv. 184 

She had not . . a quarter the pleasures you have. 1897 MARY 



QUARTER. 

KINCSLEY JP". Africa 663There is not one-quarter the amount 
of drunkenness. 

e. tttipt. in various contextual uses, as (a) t a 
quarter-barge ; (K) a ' quarter-note ' or crotchet in 
Music (f. S.) ; (f) a quarter- mile race. 

1508 Walerf. Arch, in loM Kef. Hist. MSS.Coiam. App. 
v. 325 Noo boote shal bring woode butt only half barges and 
quarters. . . And every quarter to have iiii. men. 1890 H 'hi ta- 
ker's Aim. 637/1 Harrison also won the ' Quarter ' by a foot. 

2. One of the four parts, each including a leg, 
into which the carcases of quadrupeds are com- 
monly divided ; also of fowls, a part containing 
a leg or wing. Fifth quarter : the hide and fat 
of a slaughtered animal (Funk's Stand. Diet., 
1893). See also FOBE 3, HIND a. 

c 1310 Sir Tristr. 453 Bestes bai brae and bare, In quarters 
bai hem wroujt. r 1420 Liter Cocorum (1862) 8 Hew horn 
[chickens] in quarteres and lay horn inne. 1430 Two 
Cookery-tks. I. 6 Take fayre beef of be rybbys of be fore 
quartern's. 1563-7 BUCHANAN Refm-tti. St. Andros Wks. 
(1892) 6 Ane quartar of mouton. 1660 PF.PYS Diary 17 July, 
They bought a Quarter of Lamb. 1709 STF.EI.E Taller No. 
2t P 13 A Butcher's Daughter, .sometimes brings a Quarter 
of Mutton. 1776 ADAM SMITH W. N. I. XL I. (1869) I. 160 
The four quarters of an ox weighing six hundred pounds. 
1853 SOYER Pantroph. 147 Place a quarter of lamb in a 
saucepan. 

b. //. The four parts, each containing a limb, of 
a human body similarly divided, as was commonly 
done in the case of those executed for treason. 

1197 R. GLOUC. (Rolls) 10873 A four half engelond is 
quarters isend were. ^1330 R. BRUNNE Chron. (1810) 244 
His hede bei of smyten .7|>e quarters wer sent to henge at 
four cilez. c 1400 Dtstr. Troy 1971 Brittonet [shuld be) bi 
body into bare qwarters. 1660 PEPYS Diary 15 Oct., This 
morning Mr. Carew was hanged and quartered, .but his 
quarters . . are not to be hanged up. 1773 BRYDONE Sicily 
XXL (1809) 217 The quarters of a number of robbery were 
hung up upon hooks. 1855 MACAULAY Hist. Eng. xii. III. 
207 Their heads and quarters were still rotting on poles. 

c. Of a live person or animal, esp. of a horse ; 
also freq. = hind-quarter, haunch. 

a 1400 Marie Arih. 3389 Abowte scho whirles the whele. . 
Tille alle my qwarters .. ware qwaste. 1590 SPENSER f. Q. 
Ii. Hi. 16 Is not enough fowre quarters of a man, Withouten 
sword or shield, an hoste to quayle? 1665 BRATHWAIT 
Comm. Chaucer (1901) 84 She had unnimbly rushed down 
upon her four Quarters, and . . done her Reverence. 1678 
BUTLER Hud. in. i. 1150 They put him to the Cudgel .. They 
stoutly on his Quarters laid. 1806 A. DUNCAN Nelson s 
Fun. 35 Two of his . . servants walked at each side of the 
horse's quarter. 1853 LYTTON My Novel i. vi, Down came 
the staff on the quarters of the donkey. 
8. Her. One of the four parts into which a shield 
is divided by quartering (see QDARTEB v. 3 b). 

The four quarters are : i dexter chief; 2 sinister chief; 
3 dexter base ; 4 sinister base. When one of these is agam 
divided, and the sub-divisions occupied by several coats, it 
is termed a ' grand quarter '. 

1486 Bit. St. A loans, Her. D ij b, In the right side of the 
shelde in the first quarter she bare tharmys of fraunce. 1610 
GUILLIM Heraldry v. i. 238 Without any charge occupying 
the quarters of the Escocheon. 17*7-41 CHAMBERS Cycl., 
Quarter is also applied to the parts, or members, of the 
first division of a coat that is quartered, or divided into 
four quarters. 1797 Encycl. Brit. (ed. 3} VIII. 443/1 A per- 
pendicular and horizontal line, which, crossing each other at 
the centre of the field, divide it into four equal parts called 
quarters. 1864 BOUTELL Her. Hist, f, Pop, xv. (ed. 3) 205 
The third quarter of his shield. [See also QUARTERLY adv. 
2 b.) 1893 CUSSANS Her. (ed. 4) 165 The second quarter of 
the Royal Arms of England. Ibid. 168 Second and Third 
grand Quarters, quarterly quartered. 

b. A charge occupying one fourth of the shield, 
placed in chief. 

159* WYRLEY Armorie, Ld. Chandos 41 In gold Lord 
Basset dight Three Rubie piles, a quarter ermins bright. 
1610 GUILLIM Heraldry ll. vi. 61 The Quarter is an 
Ordinary of like composition with the Canton,., the quarter 
comprehendeth the full fourth. 1727-41 CHAMBERS Cycl. 
s. v., Franc-quarter is a quarter single or alone ; which is 
to possess one-fourth part of the field. This makes one of 
the honourable ordinaries of a coat. 1838 Penny Cycl. XII. 
141/2 The Quarter is, as its hame imports, the fourth part 
of the shield, and is always placed in chief. 1893 CUSSANS 
Her. (ed. 4) 66 The Quarter . . is formed by two straight 
lines, drawn in the direction of the Fess and the Pale, and 
meeting at the Fess-point. Examples of this charge are 
very rarely to be met with. 

C. = QUABTEBING vbl. sb. 2 b. 

1727-41 CHAMBERS Cycl. s.v., There are sixteen quarters 
required to prove nobility, in companies, or orders, where 
none but nobles are admitted. 1816 SCOTT Antiq. xxiv, 
A baron of sixteen quarters. 1831 CARLYLE Sart. Res. (1858) 
61 A duke's son that only knew there were two-and-thirty 
quarters on the family-coach. 

II. The fourth part of some usual measure or 
standard. 

4. As a measure of capacity for grain, etc. a. 
The British imperial quarter = 8 bushels ; the 
fifth (? originally the fourth) part of a wey or load; 
also, local variations of this, containing more or 
less than 8 bushels, t Formerly sometimes const. 

without of. 

c 1290 S. Eng. Leg. I. 244/130 Ane hondret quarters of bat 
corn, c 1320 Sir Beues 1424 A ston gret, pat we? seue quarters 
of whet. CI330 R. BRUNNE Chron. (1810) 174 pe hungre 
was so grete . . pat a quarter whete was at twenty mark. 
c 1386 CHAUCER Semtn. T. 255 A ! yif that covent half 
a quarter otes. 1494 FABYAN Chron. cxxxvi. 122 A quarter 
of whete was worth .ii. marks and a halfe. 1523 FITZHERB. 
Hnsb. 12 Foure London busshelles [of beans] fullye, and 
that is half a quarter. 1623 Althorp JUS. in Simpkinson 



QUARTER. 

Washington* (1860) App. 48 For 3 coters of rye bought at 
Harlcstoii. 1663 COWLKY ss., Avarice 129 In thy vast 
Barns Millions of Quarters store. 1763 Museum Rust. I. 74 
Wheat will one year sell for 5!. a load (that is, five quarters). 
184$ McCuLLOCH Taxation i, \. (1852) 49 A farm which pro- 
duces 100 quarters of wheat. 1862 ANSTED Channel I si. iv. 
(ed. 2) App. A. 567 The Jersey quarter (thirty-four gallons 
and three quarts) [contains] a little more than half an imperial 
quarter. /&<, The English imperial quarter is equivalent 
to about two Guernsey quarters. 

b. In the Channel Islands (cf. quot* 1862 in 
prec.) used as a unit of value for land. 

i68a WARBURTON Hist. Guernsey (1822) 94 He that has 
occasion to take up money on his estate, sells so many 
quarters. 1694 FALLE Jersey ii. 85 The way of reckoning 
an Estate with us, is not by Pounds, but by Quarters of 
Wheat. i86a ANSTED Channel Isl. iv. xxiv. (ed. 2) 550 The 
Guernsey ' quarter of rent ' is estimated as worth, on an 
average, twenty pounds currency. 

c. The fourth part of a chaldron. 

1434 E. E. Wills 101, I bequethe to lohn Wodrof . . 
v quarteres of coles. 1706 PHILLIPS (ed. Kersey), Quarter 
. . In Measure . . the fourth part of a Chaldron. 17:17-41 
CHAMBERS Cyct., Quarter is also a dry measure, containing 
.. of coals the fourth part of a chaldron. 1858 GREENLEAF 
National Arithm. (u.S.\ cited by Worcester. 

fd. The fourth part of a peck. Obs. rare 1 . 

1475 Bk. Noblesse (Roxb.) 26 The ringis of golde . . were . . 
mesurid to tbe quantite of mesure of .xij, quarters or more. 

f 5. The fourth part of a cask or barrel. Obs.""' 

1579 in W. H. Turner Select Rec. Oxford(\W>o) 400 Martine 
Colepeper. .setteth the pryce of a quarter of the best stronge 
ale at iij* iiij*. 

6. As a weight, 7" a. The fourth part of a 
pound. Obs. 

a. 1400 Stockk. Medical MS. i. 43 m Anglia XVIII. 296 
A quarter of vergyn-wax bou take. a. 1450 Fysshynge w. 
Angle (1883) 9 Take small ale a potell and stamp it with 
iij handful of walnot levys and a quarter of alom. c 14^0 
Two Cookery'bks. 106 Take a quarter of clarefied honey, iij 
vnces of pouder peper. 

b. The fourth part of a hundredweight = 28 Ibs. 
(7. S. commonly 25 Ibs.) 

Ordinarily used only where the hundredweight is also 
mentioned, and usually abbreviated 'qr.' 

1543 RECORDE Gr. Aries (1575) 203 The halfe hundred is 
56 ; the quarter 28 [pounde]. 1588 Bk. of Charges in Dom. 
St. Papers CCXV. 88, 4 quille of ropes wayeinge sixe 
hundred, a quarter, and one pound. 1727-41 CHAMBERS 
Cycl.) Quarter^ in weights, is a fourth part of the quintal, or 
hundred weight. The quarter is 28 pounds avoirdupois. 
1797 Encycl. Brit. (ed. 3) X.VII. 410 Iron, 5 cwt. 2 qrs. 24 Ib. 
fc. * The fourth part of a Dram* (Phillips, 1706). 

7. As a measure of length or area. a. The 
fourth part of a yard : nine inches. AlsoyS^. 

M33. Rtt$ Parlt. IV. 451/2 Clothe of colour shold 
conteigne .. in brede vi quarters di. 6-1450 Bk. Citrtasye 
359 in Babees Bk., A stafe, a fyngur gret, two wharters long. 
1483 Act i Rich. ///, c. 8 Preamble^ Some of the same Clothes 
.. ben drawen out .. in Brede from .vii. Quarters unto the 
Brede of .ii. Yerdys. 1596 SHAKS. Taut. Shr. iv. iiL 109 
Thou yard, three quarters, halfe yard, quarter, naile. 1634 
CAPT. SMITH Virginia n. 25 His arrowes were fiue quarters 
long. 1708 J. C Compl. Collier (1845) 16 The 3 Quarter 
Coal [is] about 3 Quarters thick or more. 1778 Eng. Gazetteer 
(ed. 2) s. v. Witney, Blankets, .from. 10 to 12 quarters wide. 

b. Nattt, The fourth part of a fathom. 

1769 FALCONER Diet. Marine (1789) Mm ivb, If he judges 
it to be a quarter . . more than any particular number, he 
calls, 'And a quarter five!' Ibid.) At four fathoms and 
3-quarters he calls 'A quarter less five!' 1855 English' 
woman in Russia i ' By the quarter seven ' sang out . . the 
sailor .. engaged in heaving the lead. 

c. An Irish land-measure (tr. Ir. ceatkramhadh, 
sometimes anglicized as carrow} : see quots. 

1607 DAVIES ist Let. to Ld. Salisbury (1787) 245 Every 
ballibetagh is divided into four quarters of lands, and every 
quarter into four taths. 1683 J. KEOGH Acct. Roscommon 
in O'Donovan Hy Fiachraich (1844! 453 These countries 
were subdivided into townlands . . which were called Ballys 
. .and each town land was divided again into quarters. Ibid.) 
I have been sometimes perplexed to know how many acres 
a quarter contains, but I have learned it is an uncertain 
measure. 1883 SEEBOHM Eng. Village Comm. viL 223 
Annexed is an example of an ancient bally divided into 
quarters. ..Two of the quarters, now townlands, still bear 
the names of ' Cartron ' and ' Carrow ', or ' Quarter '. 1892 
EMILY LAWLESS Crania II. 3 Mishmaan possesses but two 
townlands, containing six quarters each. 

8. As a measure of time. 

a. The fourth part of a year, esp. as divided 
by the recognized QUARTER-DAYS. Also (esp. in 
Scotland), the fourth part of the school-year, or 
of the period during which instruction is usually 
given, containing about eleven weeks. (See also 1 1 .) 

1389 in Eng. Gilds (1870) 7 What man is take in to be 
brother, schal paie. . eueri quarter, .iij. d. C 1440 ipomydon 
762 My greyhondes ranne not bis quartere. 1530 BOORDE 
Lett, in Introd. Knowl. (1870) 53 To come to yow ons in 
a qwartter. 1591 NASHE Prognost. Wks. 1883-4 H- l $4 
The predominant qualities of this quarter [summer] is heate 
and drynesse. a 1610 HEALEY Theophrastus (1636) 40 
A quarters rent of his house. 1623 Althorp MS. in Simp- 
kinson Washingtons (1860) App. 41 To the hoggheard for 
a coter's wages. 1731 SWIFT On his Death) He must .. 
change his comrades once a quarter. 1819 SHELLEY Peter 
Bell vi. iii, Then seriatim, month and quarter, Appeared 
such mad tirades. 1836 Penny Cycl. V. 238 For a com- 
mercial education, a guinea a quarter is charged. 1865 
DICKENS fl/ut. Fr. i. iv, The gentleman proposes to take 
your apartments by tbe quarter. 

b. A fourth part of the lunar period. Also, 
the moon's position when between the first and 
second or third and fourth quarters; quadrature. 



27 

c 1400 MAUNDEV. (Roxb.l xxxiii. 149 (>e moone may no?t 
be sene bare, bot in be secund quartere. 1632 MASSINGER 
Maid of Hon. i. i, His sheepshearine . . Is in every quarter 
of the moon, and constant. 1694 W. HOLDER Time v. 82 
How near she is to her Quarters, Full, or next New-moon. 
17*8 PEMBERTON Newton s P kilos. 201 But. .in the quarters 
the moon . . will be made to approach it [the earth]. 1853 
MAURICE Propk. $ Kings xi. 189 We sometimes see the 
moon in her first quarter with one bright luminous border. 
1867 SMYTH Sailor s IVord-bk. s. v., When the moon appears 
exactly as a half-moon, 90 from the sun towards the east, 
she Is in the first quarter. 

fig. 1806 LAMB Let. to Hazlttt 15 Jan. Wks. 1852. 77/1 
Prudentia is in the last quarter of her tutelary sinning 



over me. 



c. The fourth part of an hour ; the space of 
fifteen minutes. Also, the moment, as denoted by 
a mark on the dial, the sound of a bell, etc., at 
which one quarter of an hour (cf. HOUR 3) ends 
and the next begins; chiefly used of the quarter 
after or before an hour, as ' a quarter past nine ', 
' a quarter to ten *. 

[1599 SHAKS. Much Ado v. ii. 85 An hower in clamour 
and a quarter in rhewme.] 1617 MORYSON I tin. \. 31 In 
the upper part of the clocke are . . statuaes, which strike the 
quarters of the houre. 1659 MAYNE City Mutch u. iii. 27 
A fellow that turnes upon his toe In a steeple, and strikes 
quarters. 1727 BAILEY vol. Iij Quarters [in a Clock or 
Movement] are little Bells which sound the Quarters or 
other Parts of an Hour. 1821 BYRON Vis. Judgm. Ixxxvii, 
I've scarcely been ten minutes . . At least a quarter it can 
hardly be. 184* TENNYSON St. Sim. Styl. 218, I shall die 
to-night, A quarter before twelve. 1844 DICKENS Mart. 
Chuz. xiv, ' The quarter's gone ! ' cried Mr. Tapley. 

[n attrib. phrases. 1849 MRS. CARLYLE Lett. II. 77, 

I was up to leaving . . by the quarter-after-eight train. 1857 

HUGHES TomBrown t.v iii. 192 The quarter-to-ten bell. .rang. 

t<L The fourth part of the night, or of the 

period between two canonical hours. Obs. rare. 

f 1369 CHAUCER Dethe Blaunche 198 Ther-as she lay, 
Right even a quarter before day. 1412-20 LYDG. Chron* 
Troy i. vi, She . . founde a quarter passed after pryme. 

9. Of coins, t a - A farthing. Obs. 

1389 in Eng. Gilds 60 Euery broyer and syster shal offeryn 



[1799 WASHINGTON Lett. Writ. 1893 XIV. 150 It ought not 
to be larger than would cover a quarter of a dollar.] 1856 
OLMSTED Slave States 4 Here's a quarter for you. 1883 
Harpers Mag. Nov. 950/2 Twenty, .oranges for a quarter. 

10. Naut. f a. (See first quot.) Obs. 

1727-41 CHAMBERS Cycl. s.v., A quarter of a point, wind, 
or rhumb, is the fourth part of a cardinal point wind, or 
rhumb J or of the distance between two cardinal points, 
winds, etc. The quarter contains an arch of n degrees 15 
minutes. 1796 H. HUNTER tr. St,-Pierre*s Stud. Nat. (1799) 
I. 156 The highest Tide. .set in from east-quarter-north. 

b. The fourth part of a point on the compass ; 
2 48' 45". Also quarter-point (see 30). 

1793 HUTTON Math. Diet. II. 319. 

11. ellipt. (from 8 a). A quarterly instalment of 
an allowance or payment. 

1679-88 Seer. Serv. Money Chas. fy Jos. (Camden) 63 
Interest and gratuity for advancing the Dutchess of Ports- 
mouth's quarter when she went into France. 1849 THACKERAY 
Pendennis Iviii, Pay me down the first quarter now. 

III. Senses denoting locality, and transferred 
uses of these. 

12. The region lying about or under one of the 
four principal points of the compass or divisions of 
the horizon ; the point or division itself. Also spec. 
in AstroL (see quot. 1696). 

<ri39i CHAUCER AstroL i. 5 The 4 principals plages or 
quarters of the firmament. 1536 TINDALE Rev. xx. 8 The 
people which are in the foure quarters (Gr. yamatt] of the 
erth. 1535 COVERDALH Jcr. xlix. 34 Vpon Elam I wil 
bringe the foure wyndes from y foure quarters of heauen. 
1611 BIBLE i Chron. ix. 24 In foure quarters were the 
Porters : toward the East, West, North, and South. 1696 
PHILLIPS, Quarters of Heaven .. in Astronomy, the [1706 
Among Astrologers, certain] Intersections of the Spheres as 
well in the World as in the Zodiack [1706 of which two 
are termed Oriental, and counted Masculine ; the other two 
being Occidental and Feminine]. 1748 Attson's Voy. n. ii. 
136 We espied a sail in the northern quarter. i8a6 SCOTT 
Woodst. ii, Joceline . . looked . . to the four quarters of the 
horizon. 1835 SIR J. Ross Narr. ind Voy. xv. 231 Venus 
was also seen in the southern quarter. 1860 DICKENS Utt- 
comnt. Trav. iv, The Four Quarters of the World came out 
of the globe. 

trans/. 1543 RECORDC Gr. Aries (1575) 97 The rose . . is 
enuironed on the 4 quarters with 4 flottre deluce. 

f b. Boundary or limit towards one of the car- 
dinal points ; side. Obs. 

1551 ROBINSON tr. Mores Utop. n. (Arb.) 78 A. drie diche 
. . goeth about thre sides or quarters of the city. To the 
fourth side the riuer it selfe serueth for a ditche, 1596 DAL- 
RYMCLE tr. Leslie's Hist. Scot. (1885) I. 2, I wil first., 
descriue the quarteris and boundes of Scotland. 1611 BIBLE 
Josh, xviii. 14, 15 This was the West quarter. And the 
South quarter was from the end of Kiriatn-iearim. 

C. A direction or point of the compass, when, 
more than four are mentioned or may be implied. 

1604 K. G[RIMSTONE] D'Acostas Hist. Indies in. v. 132 
They reckon but twoo and thirty quarters of ihe windes, for 
that more would confound the memorie. 1664 EVELYN 
Sp/7'(i679) 16 How speedily they [oaks] spread, and dilate 
themselves to all quarters. 1674 GRKW Veget. Trunks vi. 
7 Setting down the respect it. -balh to any Quarter in the 
Heavens. 1784 COWPER Task i. 373 Win Js from all quarters 
agitate the air. 1806-7 f. HKKKSFOKD Miseries Hum. Life 
(1826) n. xiii, From every quarter of the compass to which 



QUARTER. 

you turn for refuge. 1818 SCOTT Rob Roy viii, ' Whew ! sits 
the wind in that quarter?' enquired the justice. 

13. Region, district, place, locality. 

The pi. is sometimes used in much the same sense as the 
sing. With the preps, fro>/i t in, to, this sense cannot always 
be clearly distinguished from 12 c. 

13.. K. Alts. 1902 Sixty citees, in that quarter, Heo for- 
brente. 1471 E. PASTON in P. Lett. III. 27, I trow sche be 
in ?our quarters. 1534 MORE Cotnf. agst. Trio. in. Wks. 
1214/1 In this quarter here about vs. 1555 W. WATREMAN 
Fardte Facions n. vii. 157 Suche commodities as the 
quartre beareth..wher they dwelle. 1667 MILTON P. L. v. 
686 Where we possess The Quarters of the North. 1734 
SALE Koran Prelim. Disc. i (Chandos ed.) i In which 
quarter they dwelt in respect to the Jews. 1765 Museum 
Rusticunt IV. 377 There were in that single quarter [of 
France] above one hundred acres of transplanted cole-seed. 
1855 PRESCOTT Philip //, ii. vi. (1857) 270 The marquis. .had 
left the place on a visit to a distant quarter. 1867 FREEMAN 
Norm. Cong. (1876) I. v. 383 Troops flocked to him from all 
quarters. 

b. Indicating a certain portion or member of 
a community, or some thing or things, without 
reference to actual locality. 

1777 SHERIDAN Sch. Scand. i. i, I was hurt, .to learn, from 
the same quarter, that. .Sir Peter and Lady Teazle have not 
agreed lately. 1818 JAS. MILL Brit. India II. v. viii. 668 The 
quarter from which this proposition proceeded . . was no 
secret to him. i8si J. W. CHOKER in Diary (1884) June 6 
This is erroneous in fact, . . butT. insisted he had it from a 
good quarter. 1856 FROUDE Hist. Eng. (1858) I. ii. 136 A 
suspicion that even in the highest quarters justice had ceased 
to be much considered. 1886 E. MILLER Textual Guide 27 
This deference to B. . .leads the two learned Professors to 
follow it whenever it ts supported by only slight testimony 
from other quarters. 

14. A particular division or district of a town or 
city, esp. that appropriated to a particular class or 
race of people, as thejeivish quarter, etc. 

1526 TINDALE Luke xiv. 21 Goo out quickly into the 
stretes and quarters [1611 lanes] of the citie. 1541 Act 33 
Hen. l> r lff t c. 15 The said saincluarymen .. enter in euery 
parte and quarter of the same towne. i6oa Return Jr. Par- 
nass. v. iv, What newes with you in this quarter of the Citty ? 
1711 ADDISON Spect. No. 31 T i The several Shows that are 
exhibited in different Quarters of the Town. 1756-7 tr. 
Keyslers Trav. (1760) II. 467 Rome is divided into fourteen 
rioni or quarters. 1820 W. IRVING Sketch Bk. I. 121 In 
the most dark and dingy quarters of the city. 1864 D. G. 
MITCHELL Sev. Star. 214 A narrow court .. which leads 
into a moldering quarter of the city. 

f t>. A particular place or point (in a building, 
etc.). Obs. 

ci44o Jacob's Wellfx) pis wose of pride has viij. corneres, 
or viij. quarterys. ? 1449 Paston Lett. No. 67 I. 83 They 
have made wykets on every quarter of the hwse to schote 
owte atte. c 1470 HENRY Wallace vm. 1051 At a quartar, 
quhar fyr had nocht ourtayn, Thai tuk thaim out fra that 
castell. i$6 Pjlgr. Per/, (W. de W. 1531) 131 That v 
ennemy may fynde in vs no quarter to entre. 

f C. A part of a gathering or assembly, army, 
camp, etc. Obs. 

1591 SHAKS. i Hen. Vf t n. i. 63 Had all your Quarters 
been as safely kept As that whereof I had the gouernement, 
We had not beene. .surpriz'd. 1596 Edward ///, iv. iv. 

S These quarters, squadrons, and these regiments. 1599 
AKLUYT Voy. II. ir. 137 It is a thing almost impossible, 
at any your Faires or publique assemblies to finde any 
quarter thereof sober. 

fd. To keep good quarter \ To keep good watch ; 
to preserve good order. Obs. 

1595 SHAKS. John v. v. 20 Well : keepe good quarter, & 
good care to night. 1653 H. MORE Antid. Ath. u. viii. 2 
(1712) 63 To have made Man that he might be a Lord over 
the rest of the Creation and keep good quarter among them. 

fe. To keep a . . . quarter : To maintain a (bad) 
state of things, to behave in a (bad) way ; hence, 
even without adj., to make a noise or disturbance. 

1632 LITHGOW Trav. in. 88 The Souldiers kept a bloody 
quarter among themselues. a 1654 SELDEN Table-t. (Arb.} 
81 They keep a huge quarter when they carry it into the 
Cellar. 1659 Conttnw. Ball. (Percy Soc.) 150 For all you 
kept such a quarter, you are out of the councell of state. 
1668 PEFYS Diary 29 Jan., They had fiddlers, and danced, 
and kept a quarter, which pleased me though it disturbed 
me. 1736 AINSWORTH Lat. Diet., What a quarter they keep 
in the market. 1760 BARETTI Engl.'Ital. Dict.> To keep a 
heavy quarter, fare un grande strepito. 

15. Place of stay or residence ; dwelling-place, 
lodgings, esp. of soldiers. Now usu. in//. 

Free quarterns) : see FREE-QUARTER. Head-, home-, out-, 
siimmer-iWinter-quartcrs: see the first element. Quarters 
of refreshment (see quot. 1702-11). To beat up the quarters 
of: see BEAT v. 1 28. To take up one's quarters \ to estab- 
lish oneself (in a place). 

sing. 1591 Carrara's Art Warre 77 Let him remember. . 
to bring backe again into his Quarter those souldiers bee 
hath led foorth to any enterprise. 1649 G. DANIEL Trtnarch., 
Hen. IV. Ixxxiv, The Lords who must in state Lodge at the 
Crowne . . Defray their Quarter at a Double Rate. 1679 
Establ. Test. 25 In a place remote from his quarter, he ren- 
devouzes with his fellow adventurers. 1719 DE WotCrtua* 
ii. vi. I went from their quarter. 1837 CARLYLE Fr. Rev. 
III. i. v, The grate which led to our quarter opened anew. 
1897 HUGHES Medit. Fever ii. 62 The staff-sergeant . .occu- 
pied a two-room quarter a few yards away. 

j5 1598 B - JONSON Ev. Man. in Hum. iv. v, Turnbull, 
Whitechapel, Shoreditch, which were then my quarters. 
i64S w - HKOWNE Let. to Wood 9 Sept. in WO&C* Life 
(O. H.S.) I. 122 note t Our horse from Oxon. fell on the 
enemies quarters at Thame. 1660 BANCROFT Serin. 18 Nov. 
in D'Oyly Life (1821) II. 320 God and his church pay their 
quarters wherever they come. i7oa-u Afilit. <fr Sea Diet. 
(ed. 4) i, Quarters of Refreshment ^ the Place or Places, where 
Troops that haue been much harass'd, are put in to recover 

4-2 




QUARTER. 

themselues, during some time f the Summer or Season for 
the Campaign. 1733 DE FOE Moll Flanders (1840) 355, 
I found we must shift our quarters. 1758 JOHNSON Idler 
No. 21 P 3, I wandered with the regiment as the quarters 
were changed. 1807 DE QUINCEY in H. A. Page Life (1877) 
I. vii. 125 Mrs. Koster did me the honour to call at my 
quarters. 1856 KANE A ret. ExpL I. iii. 35 We had a 
rough time in working to our present quarters. 1881 BESANT 
& RICK Chapl, of Fleet i. vi. (1883) 51 Where .. robbers of 
the road had their customary quarters. 

f b. The compulsory provision by private per- 
sons of lodging for troops. Obs, 

1647 N - BACON Disc. Gout. Eng. i. Ixvi. (1739) 142 The 
Clergy are charged with Quarter, Cart-Service, and Purvey- 
ing. 1781 GIBBON Decl. <$ ^. xvii. 1 1. 45 The most flourishing 
cities were oppressed by the intolerable weight of quarters. 

C. U. S. (South). The cabins in which the 
negroes on a plantation live. 
1804 Europ. Mag. XLV. 19/1, I walked away to the 

Suarter. [Note. The place of abode for the negroes.] 1856 
LMSTED Slave States in Several cabins are placed near 
together, and they are called ' the quarters '. 1889 Harper's 
Mag. Jan. 253 Let us go out to the quarters, grandpa ; they 
will be dancing by now. 

d. A plice of exercise for dogs. 

1844 SportingRev. XI. 209 If you have sufficient walks or 
quarters, as they are sometimes called, to enable you to 
bring your own {hounds], begin with a good stock at first. 

10. Assigned or appropriate position, f To keep 
quarter : to keep one s own place, f To hold quar- 
ter with : to remain beside. Quarter of assembly 
(see quot. 1802). See also CLOSE QUARTERS. 

1549 Coinpl. Scot. vi. 41 Gunnaris, cum heir and stand by 
Spur artail^ee, euyrie gunnar til his auen quartar. 1606 
SHAKS. Ant. $ Ct. iv. iii. 22 Follow the noyse so farre as we 
haue quarter. i6tx BEAUM. & Ft. Pkilaster\\. ii, Let me 
hold quarter with you ; we'll talk an hour Out quickly. 
1612 BACON ss. t Love (Arb.) 446 They doe best that make 
this affection keepe quarter, and seuer it wholly from their 
serious affaires. 1667 MILTON P. L. m. 714 Swift to thir 
several Quarters hasted then The cumbrous Elements, 
Earth, Flood, Aire, Fire. 1701-11 Milit. <fr Sea Diet. (ed. 
4) i. s.v., A Quarter at a Siege, An Incampment upon any 
of the principal Avenues of the Place. 1769 FALCONER Diet. 
Marine (1780), Quarters, a name given, at sea, to the 
several stations where the officers and crew of the ship of 
war are posted in action. i8oa JAMES Milit. Dict. t Quar- 
ter of Assembly, the place where the troops meet to march 
from in body, and is the same as the place of rendezvous. 
1836 MARRYAT Midsk. Easy xxvi, 'Call the drummer', said 
Captain Wilson, ' and let him beat to quarters '. 

1 17. Relations with, or conduct towards, another; 
esp. in phr. to keep good (or fair) quarterns') with. 

1590 SHAKS. Com. Err. n. i. 108 So he would keepe faire 
quarter with his bed. 1604 ('///. n. Iii. 180 Friends all.. 
In Quarter, and in termes like Bride, and Groome. 1615 
BACON ss., Cunning (Arb.) 439 Two, that were Competitors, 
. .yet kept good Quarter betweene themselues. 1637 RUTHER- 
FORD Lett. (1862) I. 207, 1 find it to be hard wrestling to play 
fair with Christ and to keep good quarters with Him. 
a 1674 CLARENDON Snrv. Leviathan (1676) 153 The two 
next Kings.. kept very fair quarter with Paschal. 

fb. (Good or fair) treatment or terms. Obs. 
exc. arch. 

1648 Eikon Bas. iv. 2^, I never had any thoughts of going 
from my House at Whitehall, if I could have had but any 
reasonable fair Quarter. 1699 BENTLEY Phal. 319 Lucian 
should have no better Quarter from him. 1705 STANHOPE 
Paraphr. II. 268 No other Person must expect fair Quarter. 
'735 BOLINGBROKE On Parties Ded. (1738) 7 He would 
deserve certainly much better Quarter [etc.]- '86 SCOTT 
Woods t. xxxiii, Neither I nor my fellows will deliver it up 
but upon good quarter and conditions. Ibid. t They will 
give thee fair quarter. 

18. Exemption from being immediately put to 
death, granted to a vanquished opponent by the 
victor in a battle or fight ; clemency or mercy 
shown in sparing the life of one who surrenders, 
f Formerly also //. f To cry quarter : to call for 
quarter. 

The precise origin of this sense is obscure, but it may be 
derived from 17, or even from 15 on the supposition that to 
give quarter originally meant to provide prisoners with 
quarters. The assertion of De Brieux (1672 Origines . . 
de plusieurs fa$ons de parler, 16) that it arose in an 
agreement between the Dutch and Spaniards, by which the 
ransom of an officer or private was to be a quarter of his 
pay, is at variance with the constant sense of the phrases 
give and receive quarter. 

1611 COTGR,, Quartier . . Quarter, or faire war, wherein 
souldiers are taken prisoners and ransomed at a certaine 
rate, c 1645 HOWELL Lett. (1655) I. 231 He suffered Tilly 
to take that great Town with so much effusion of blood, 
because they wood receiue no quarter. 1659 B. HARRIS 
Parivats Iron Age 308 Many were cut down, the Swedes 
giving no quarter. 1693 Mem. Cf. Teckely it. 89 As this was 
not a NVar of Quarter, they defended themselves desperately. 
17*0 DE FOE Capt. Singleton xi. (1840)188 The Portuguese 
cry quarter. 1788 PRIESTLEY Lect. Hist. v. Ixii. 494 Civil 
wars are also peculiarly bloody, because less quarter is 
expected in them. 1816 BYRON Siege Cor. xxiv, Cry For 
quarter, or for victory. 1841 JAMES Brigand iii, Several of 
them uttered a cry of ' Quarter quarter '. 1865 KINGSLEY 
Herew, vii, Hereward bid his men give quarter. 

pi. c 1644 MS. Hist. Somerville Fam. in Scott's Rokeby, 
Having refused quarters, every man fell in the same order 
and ranke wherin he had foughten. \Gb^Scanderbcg Rediv. 
iv, 91 There was no Quarters given during the heat of the 
fight. 1716 SHERLOCKE Voy. round World 129 They 
instantly came to, and call'd for quarters. 1747 Gentl. Mag. 
486 Near 7 at night she [the Terrible] called out for quarters. 
1769 FALCONER Diet. Marine \ 1780) s.v., Quarters is also an 
exclamation to implore mercy from a victorious enemy. 
b. transf. and jig. 

1647 WABD &////. Cooler 72 Heshewesmore true fortitude, 



28 

that prayes quarter of. . Truth. 1684 J. PETER Siefe Vienna 
51 Nor was there any quarter given to the Wine-Cellars of 
the Emperor's Ministers. 1745 DE FOE Eng. Tradesman 
(1841* I. vii. 55 The tradesman can expect no quarter from 
his creditors. 1761 KAMES Elem. Crit. xix. (1833) 344 Mere 
witticisms, which ought to have no quarter. 1817 SHELLEY 
Rat. Islam Pref., There is no quarter given to Revenge, or 
Envy, or Prejudice. 1871 MORLEY Crit. Misc. Ser. l. fan- 
venargucs (1878) 25 The Trappist theory of the conditions 
of virtue found no quarter with him. 

IV. Technical uses, in most of which the ori- 
ginal sense is much obscured. 

19. Carpentry. A piece of wood, four inches wide 
by two or four inches thick (see quot. 1703), used 
as an upright stud or scantling in partitions and 
other framing. Chiefly in //. 

[1331 in J. T. Smith Antif. Wettminsttr (1807) 207 Two 
pieces of timber eight feet long called quarters.] 1497 Naval 
Ace. Hen. VII (1896) 235 Sawyng of tymbre into plankes 
quarters Bourde and other necessaries. 1565-73 COOPER 
Thesaurus, Clostrum, . . a rayle or other like thinge made 
of quarters. 1617 MINSHEU Dnctor, A quarter, a peece of 
timber commonly foure square, and foure inches thicke, as 
it were a quarter or fourth part of a beame. 1665 PEPVS 
Diary 21 Sept., The posts and quarters in the walls. 1703 
MOXON Mech. Exerc. 163 Single Quarters are. .two Inches 
thick, and four Inches broad. The Double Quarters are 
sawen to Four Inches square. 1811 Self Instructor 141 
Plastering .. between the quarters in partitioning. 18*5 
J. NICHOLSON Oferat. Mechanic 627 If the workman find 
materials for rendering between quarters, one-fifth must be 
added for quarters. 1875 KNIGHT Diet. Mech. 1843/2 The 
English rule is to place the quarters at a distance not ex- 
ceeding 14 inches. 

20. a. Farriery. One side of a horse's hoof; 
one half of the coffin, extending between heel and 
toe; sometimes, the part of this immediately in 
front of the heel. False quarter: see FALSE a. 7. 
b. The corresponding part of a horse-shoe. 

1513 etc. [see FALSE a. 7]. 1607 TOPSELL Four-f. Beasts 
(1658) 309 You shall easily perceive whether his grief be in 
the inward quarter or in the outward quarter ; the quarter 
is to be understood, from the mid hoof to the heel. 1685 
Land. Gaz. No. 2054/4 A Brown Dun Mare . .with, .a false 
quarter in one of her fore Feet 17*7 BRADLEY Fam. Diet. 
s. v. Cuf, If . . the Horse Cuts himself, or interferes, thicken 
the inner Quarters or Spunges of his Shoes. 18*9 Nat. 
Philos., Prelim. Treat. (U.K.S.) 37 The frog coming down 
in the middle between the quarters, adds greatly to the 
elasticity. 1875 .KNIGHT Diet. Mech. 1843/2 Quarter,., the 
rear or heel portion of a horseshoe. 

c. That part of a shoe or boot lying immedi- 
ately in front of the back-line, on either side of 
the foot ; the piece of leather, or other stuff, forming 
this part of the shoe from the heel to the vamp. 

1753 HANWAY Trav. (1762) I. m. i. 228 They wear slippers 
like women's shoes, without quarters. 1817 MAR. EDGEWORTH 
Harrington vi, A slipper, with a heel so high, and a quarter so 
low. 1834 PLANCHE Brit. Costume 315 The shoes were worn 
with longer quarters and larger Duckies. 1885 Harper's 
Mag. Jan. 280/2 The small quarter and button piece are 
' closed ' on the large quarter. 

1 21. A bed or plot in a garden. Obs. 

Possibly due,in part at least,to confusion between 'quarter ' 
and ' square ' (as in the case of quadrant, quadrate) ; cf. F. 
carrt, Sp. cuadro square, garden-plot. 

1565 COOPER Thesaurus, Area in hortis, ..a platte or 
quarter. 1571 MASCALL riant, fy Graff. (1592) 8 Ye may 
plant or set all your Nuttes in one square or quarter to- 
gether. 1688 R. HOLME Armoury n. 118/1 Statues or 
Figures cut in Stone [are proper] to be in the quarters of the 
Garden. 1706 LONDON & WISE Retir'd Gard"ntr 12 Dig 
put of the Walks all the good Earth, and wheel or throw it 
into the Quarters. 1764 Museum Rnsticum III. xvl 73 
This year they began to attack a large quarter of new- 
grafted apples. 

22. Natit. a. The upper part of a ship's side 
between the after part of the main chains and the 
stern. On the quarter, in a direction about mid- 
way between astern and on the beam. 

'599 I SM AFTER a. 4 b]. a 1618 RALEIGH Royal Navy 10 
Otherwise the bow and quarter will utterly spoile her sayling. 
1624 T. TAYLOR (Water P.) Brave Sea-fight Wks. (1630) ill. 
39/2 To clap the Portugall aboord on the Larboord quarter. 
1719 DE FOE Crusoe i. xiii, All the stern and quarter of her was 
beaten to pieces with the sea. 1769 FALCONER Diet. Marine 
(1780) s. v., If we were to divide the ship's sides into five 
equal portions . . the first, from the stern, would be the quarter. 
Hid., s. v. Bearing. These bearings, .which may be called 
mechanical, are on the beam, . . on the quarter [etc.]. 
1805 Lag of H. M.S. Tonnant 21 Oct in Nicolas -Dist. 
Nelson(rt&) VII. rfjnote, The French Admiral'sShip under 
our quarter had lost her foremast. 1840 R. H. DANA Be/. 
Mast iv. 8 Leaving the land on our quarter. 1878 Masque 
Poets 120 The sea that came over her quarter. 

b. Of a yard : The part between the slings and 
the yard-arm (see also quot. 1769). 

1769 FALCONER Diet. Marine (1780) s.v. Yard, The 
distance between the slings and the yard-arms on each side 
is . . divided into quarters, which are distinguished into the 
first, second, third quarters, and yard-arms. ci86o H. STUART 
Seaman's Catech. 25 The quarter of the mainyard. i88a 
NARES Seamanship (ed. 6) 41 The truss strop on the quarter 
of the yard. 

1 23. The skirt of a coat or other garment. Obs. 

1535 COVERDALE Dent. xxii. 12 Thou shall make gardes 
vpon the foure quarters of thy garment. 1591 PERCIVALL 
Sp. Diet., Falda, the lap of a coate, the skirtes, the quarters 
of a coate. 1658 lvit Restored 167 Chill put on my 
zunday parrell That's lac't about the quarters. 
b. Of a saddle : (see quot.). 

'753 CHAMBERS Cycl. Snpp. s. v., Quarters of a saddle are 
the pieces of leather or stuff made fast to the lower part of 
the sides of a saddle, and hanging down below the saddle. 



QUARTER. 

24. Out of the four parts into which a road is 
divided by the horse-track and the wheel-ruts. 

1^67 A. YOUNG Lett, to People (1771) I. 445 A road. .upon 
which the tracks may vary, without having quarters a yard 
high to cross. 1789 Trans. Soc. Arts VII. 204 Gravelled 
roads,, .where quarters are formed by carriages following in 
one continued track. 1805 DICKSON f'racticat Agric. I. 
Plate xxxvii, It is drawn by two horses abreast, the outside 
horse on the outer quarter, and the other in the path. . . Thus 
an inside and outside quarter are taken in going, and the 
others in returning. 1879 in Norfolk Arch. VIII. 172. 

25. dial. One of the four teats of a cow (cf. 
QUARTER-EVIL 2). False quarter (see quot. 1797). 

1797 J. BILLINGSLEY View Agric. Somerset 249 This dis- 
order frequently affects the udder, and brings on a false 
quarter, that is, a deprivation of milk in one teat. 1886 
HOLLAND Cheshire Gloss, s.v., When a cow. .ceases to give 
milk from one teat, she is said to have lost a quarter. 

26. Miscellaneous uses. 

a. Fencing. Some kind of stroke or blow (cf. quarter-blow^ 
stroke in 30). t b- ? A square space. Obs. to. ? A 
square block. Obs. f d- Typog. One of the divisions of 
a form (see quot.). Obs. t e. In the manege (see quot.). 
Obs . t f. //. In the old style of Rugby football (see quot.). 
Obs. g. Arch. A portion of a Gothic arch (Knight Diet. 
Mech, 1875). h. Carpentry. A section of a winding stair 
(tbid.). i. A section of a mill-stone dress (ibid,). j. 
That part of the side of a cask which lies between the 
chime and bulge (ibid.). k. An angular piece of cork, 
ready for rounding (il'id,). 

a. c 1450 Fencing iv. hyo handed Sword in Ret. Ant. \. 
309 Thy rakys, thy rowndis, thy quarters abowte. b. 1454 
m Dugdale Antiq. IVanuicksh, 356 Under every principal! 
housing a goodly quarter for a Scutcheon of copper and gilt 
to beset in. c. 1601 HOLLAND /ViVy II. 602 In Portugall 
, . there be found great crystal quarters or masses of a won- 
derful weight. d. 1683 MOXON Mech. Exerc^ Printing 
"8 Quarto's, Octavo's and Twelves Forms are Imposed in 
uar lets. They are called Quarters, not from their equal 
visions ; but because they are Imposed and Lockt up 
apart. Thus half the Short-Cross in a Twelves Form is 
called a Quarter, though it be indeed but one Sixth part of 
the Form, e. 1737 BAILEY vol. II, To work from Quarter^ 
to Quarter, is to ride a Horse three Times an End upon 
the first of the four Lines of a Square, and then changing 
Hands to ride him three Times upon the second, and so to 
do upon the third and fourth, f. 1857 HUGHES Tom Brown 
l. v. 114 The captain of quarters .. spread his men.. half- 
way between their own goal and the body of their own 
players-up. 

V. attrib. and Comb. 

27. General combs, (sense i), as quarter-barrel, 
-ebb) -face, -flood, -hogshead, -inch, -look, -mile, 
pay, -pint, -rations, -size, -yard, etc. ; quarter' 
faced adj. ; quarter-yearly adv. 

x88s OUIDA Marennna, I, 245 There is a trifle of oil, a 
*quarter barrel. ^1391 CHAUCER Astral, n. 46 Whet>iril be 
. . half or*quarter ebbe. i6a6 CAPT. SMITH Accid.yng. Sea* 
men 17 A spring tide, ebbe, a quarter ebbe, half ebbe. 1846 
McCuLLOCH Ace. Brit. Empire (1854) I. 251 Measured from 



rignt. c 1391 CHAUCER Astrol. n. 46 Half flode or *quarter 
flode. 1626 CAPT. SMITH Accid. yng. Sea-wen 17 [The sea] 
flowes quarter floud, high water, or a still water. 1801 
NELSON 15 Aug. in Nicolas Disp. (1845) IV. 460 At last 
quarter-flood, at the Pier-head. 1891 T. HARDY Tcss 
xxxviii, The washing-tub stood.. on the same old *quarter- 
hogshead. 1890 W. J. GORDON Foundry 58 Nearly all of 
them are to a "quarter-inch scale. 1636 MASSINGEK Bashf. 
Lover i. i, Observe his posture But with a *quarter-look. 
1895 Westm. Gaz. n Jan. 5/2 A "quarter-mile straight race 
for professionals. 1691 LUTTRELL Brief Ret. (1857) II. 275 
The seamen shall be . . kept in *quarter pay till spring. 
1744 BERKELEY Let. to Hanmer 21 Aug. in Fraser Lijev'ni. 
(1871) 299 You may take this quantity either in half-pint or 
*quarter-pint glasses. 1856 LEVER Martins ofCro" M. 201 
A shipwrecked crew reduced to "quarter-rations. 1889 
Anthony's Phot o^r. Bull. II. 3 A "quarter-size 'detective' 
camera, a 1400 Stockh. Med. MS. ii. 657 in Anglia XVIII. 
323 His stalke is "quarter }erde longe. 1795 HAMILTON 
Wks. (1886) VII. 95 His allowance is at the rate of 25,000 
dollars per annum, 6,250 dollars "quarter -yearly. 

b. With names of coins, as quarter-angel, -dollar, 
-ducat, -eagle, -florin, -guinea, -noble, -pound, -shekel, 
-shilling, -sovereign, etc. 

1866 CRUMP Banking x. 223 * Quarter- an gel. 1837 HT. 
MARTINEAU Soc. Amer. II. 89 The lowest price .. was a 
"quarter-dollar per acre. 1639 FORD Lady s Trial v. i, 
Pistol a straggler for a *quarter-ducat. 1874 RAYMOND 6//i 
Rep, Mines 524 Eagles . . Half-eagles . . "Quarter-eagles. 
1707 FLEETWOOD Chron. Free. 21 The "Quarter Floren he 
[Fabian] calls a Farthing, val if. v'rnd. 1776 Ann. Reg. 140 
"Quarter guineas more deficient in weight than..i dwt.8 grs. 
1803 HATCHKTT in Phil. Trans. XCI1I. 137 George I. a 
quarter-guinea. 1866 CRUMP Banking x. 222 "Quarter- 
noble. Ibid. 223 "Quarter- pound. 170* R. L'ESTRANGE 
Josephns, Antiq. vi. v. (1733) 136 The Servants told him that 
he had a "Quarter-Side left yet. 1561 Prod. A bossing 
Coynfs in Stafford Exam. Complaints (1876) 101 The 
"Quarter shilling That was curraunt for iijrfshalbe curraunt 
forij*/. 

f C. Artillery, denoting small sizes of certain 
pieces, as quarter-cannon, -culverin, -slang, -sling. 
Obs. (Cf. HALF- II. d.) 

1549 Compl. Scot. vi. 41 Mak reddysour .. slangis, & half 
slanpis, quarter slangis. 1570 DROUT Ganlfr. fy Barn. (1844) 
C 2 Thy roaring cannons . . Yea bases, foulers, quarter-slings. 
1611 FLORIO, Quarto caxnone, a quarter Cannon, which is 
but weakely fortifide or mettalled. 1684 J. PETER Siege 
Vienna in Quarter Cannon, each 12 pound 306. Ibid. 109 
Quarter Culverin. .26. 

d. With names of persons, as quarter-carrier, 
-fairy, -ruler, -tyrant. Also QUAHTKRMASTER 3. - 

1611 SHAKS. & FL. Two Koble K. i. ii. 108 Were he a 






QUARTER. 

"quarter carrier of that honour which His enemy conies in. 
a i634KANnoi.rn Amyntus v. 6'] hey. do caper Like "quarter 
K.iiries at the least. 1610 HKALEV St. Ang. Citie of God 
iv. xi. (1620) 160 A "quarter ruler with his brethren and 
sisters, c 1640 J. SMYTH Lives Berkeley* (18831 I- "6 The 
lawes. .as some have written, were as "quarter-tirants. 
f 28. (Sense 8 a) = ' quarter's ', ' quarterly ', as 
quarter-allowance, -almoner, -feast, -fee, -salary, 
-sermon, -service, -sttpper. Also QUARTER-DAY, 

-SESSIONS, -WAITER. 

1727 DOVER Diet, Fr.-AngL, Quarter, .. 'Quarter-allow- 
ance. 1599 SANDYS Europx Spec. 9 With an eye perhaps 
that themselves would be his "quarter Almoners. 1609 li. 
JONSON Silent Woman It. ii, It is his "quarter-feast, sir. 
1615 I. STEPHENS Satyr. Ess. n Clearkes and other knaves 
. . Will take a pention or a "quarter-fee. 1583 STUBBES Anat. 
Abus. It. (1882) 77 Preaching their *quarter sermons them- 
selues. a 1555 LATIMER Serin, ff Rein. (1845) 243 Any ser- 
vices in your churches, either trental, Quarter-service, or 
other. 1591 in Acts Prev. Counc. N. S. XXII. 564 Irysche 
customes as .. "Quartersupers called Quidraighe. 

29. Naut. (sense 22 a) as quarter- badge, -bitt, 
-boat, -check, -davits, -fast, -netting, -port, -rail, 
-railing, -stanchions (cf. quots.). See also quarter- 
board, -cloth, -ladder, -timbers in 30, and QUARTER- 
GALLERY, -LINE, -PIECE, -WIND. 

1807 ROBINSON ArchxoL Grxca iv. xiv. 390 To the aicpo- 
aroAia in the prow answered the d<Aa(7Ta, "quarter-badges, 
in the stern. 1867 SMYTH Sailor's Word-ok., Quarter- 
badge, artificial galleries; a carved ornament near the stern 
of those vessels which have no quarter-galleries. 1805 Sir 
E. BERRY 13 Oct. in Nicolas Disp. (1846) VII. 118 note, 
I ordered the weather "quarter-boat to be cut away. 1840 
R. H. DANA Be/. Mast vi. 13 The watch on deck were 
lowering away the quarter-boat 1833 MARRYAT P. Simple 
(1863) 41 Request that he will cast off the "quarter check. 
1898 J. CONRAD Nigger ef Narcissus 246 Let go your 
quarter-checks !. .The ropes splashed heavily, falling in the 
water. 1867 SMYTH Sailor's Word-bk., *Quarter-davits, 
pieces of iron or timber with sheaves or blocks at their 
outer ends, projecting from a vessel's quarters, to hoist boats 
up to. 1846 A. YOUNG Naut. Diet. 117 Fast, a rope or 
chain by which a vessel is secured to a wharf or quay. They 
are called bow, head, "quarter, and stern fasts. 1769 FAL- 
CONER Diet. Marine (1780), *Quarter-Netting, a sort of 
net-work, extended along the rails on the upper part of a 
ship's quarter. 1867 SMYTH Sailor's Word-bk., Quarter- 
Nettings, the place alloted on the quarters for the stowage 
of hammocks. Ibid., *Quarter-ports, those made in the 
after side-timbers and especially in round-stern vessels. 
1769 FALCONER Diet. Marine (1780), *Quctrter-rails, are 
narrow-moulded planks, generally of fir, reaching from the 
top of the stern to the gangway. 1850 Rudim. Navig. 
(Weale) 139 Quarter-rails, rails fixed into stanchions from 
the stern to the gangway, and serving as a fence. 1809 
W. IRVING Knickerb. (1861) 200 Anthony. .was leaning over 
the "quarter-railing of the galley. 1860 LONGF. Wayside 
Inn, Saga K. Oltif xx, He sat concealed, .. behind the 
quarter-railing. 1846 A. YOUNG Naut. Diet. 243 *Quartcr- 
stanchions, strong stanchions in the quarters of a square- 
sterned vessel, one of which forms the outmost boundary of 
the stern on either side : it connects the main rail with the 
tafirail; [etc.]. 

3O. Special combs., as quarter-ail = QUARTER- 
ILL ; + quarter-ale, an ' ale ' or festival held by 
the people of a certain quarter (? or quarterly) ; 
quarter-angled a., at a quarter of a right angle ; 
also Her. = QUADRATE a. 5 ; quarter-aspect, 
quartile-aspect (Worcester 1860, citing Brande) ; 
quarter-back, in American football, a player 
stationed between the forwards and half-backs; 
(see also quot. 1895); f quarterrbasm, Se. (?) ; 
quarter-bell, a bell in a clock which sounds the 
quarters ; quarter-bend, a section of pipe bent 
into a quarter-circle (Knight Diet. Mech. Suppl. 
1884); quarter-bill, Naut. (see quot.) ; quarter- 
binding, a style of bookbinding with narrow 
leather back and no leather corners; quarter- 
blanket, a small blanket for a horse's back 
(Knight) ; quarter-block, Naut. a block fitted 
under the quarter of a yard ; f quarter-blow (cf. 
QUARTER 26 a, and quarter-stroke} ; quarter- 
board, fsome kind of board used in carpentry; 
also Nattt. in //. (see quot. 1846); fiuarter- 
book, ? a book containing quarterly accounts ; 
quarter-boot, a leather boot used to protect the 
heels of a horse's fore-feet from being injured by the 
hind feet (Knight) ; quarter-bound a., in Book- 
binding (see quarter-binding) ; quarter-boy, a 
quarter-jack in the form of a boy ; quarter-bred, 
of animals : having one fourth good blood (Ogilvie, 
1 882) ; -(-quarter-bullet (see quot.) ; quarter-butt, 
in Billiards, a cue smaller than the HALF-BUTT; 
quarter-cask, (a) a quarter-hogshead; (b) aquarter- 
butt ; f quarter-cast, a. of a horse (see quot.) ; 
quarter-clock, a clock that strikes the quarters ; 
quarter-cloth, (a) Naut. (see quot.) ; (i>) = 
quarter-blanket ; quarter-coal, a periodical allow- 
ance of coal made to miners (Gresley Gloss. Coal- 
mining 1883); quarter-column, .MY. (see quots.); 
t quarter-cord, Afiningipeeqaot. 1 747 ' ; quarter- 
course, t'.S., a quarter-mile racing course ; quar- 
ter-crack, a crack on the inner quarter of a horse's 
fore-hoof (Syd.Soc.Lex. 1897) ; t quarter-curtsey, 
a slight curtsey; quarter-cut, plank cut to a 
quarter of an inch in thickness ; quarter distance, 



29 

Mil. a distance intermediate between half and close 
distance ; quarter-fishes [Fisu sl>.-], Naut. ' stout 
pieces of wood hooped on to a mast to strengthen 
it ' (Cent. Diet.} ; f quarter- foot = quarter-hoof; 
t quarter-four, (?) ; quarter-galley, Naut. a 
Barbary cruiser ' (Smyth) ; quarter-grain, the 
grain of wood in the plane of the medullary fibres 
and radially from the centre, shown when a log is 
quartered ; f quarter-ground (Isle of Man) = 
QUAHTEHLANU; f quarter- he ad, a brad or flat-nail 
with a bill or projection at the head; f quarter- 
heel = QUARTER 20 c ; quarter-hollow, a concave 
moulding, having an arc which is approximately a 
quadrant ; also attrib., or adj., as in quarter-hollow 
tool (Cent. Diet. 1891); f quarter-hoof, ? a hoof 
with one of the quarters cut (cf. quarter-cast}; 
quarter-hoop, a hoop on the quarter of a cask ; 
also attrib. ; quarter-hung a., of a gun : having 
trunnions with their axis below the line of bore 
(Knight) ; quarter-iron, a boom-iron on the 
quarter of a yard ; quarter-ladder, Naut, (see 
quots.) ; quarter-left, Mil. one quarter of a right- 
angle towards the left ; quarter-light, a side- 
window in the body of a close carriage, as distinct 
from the door-light ; quarter-miler, one who is 
good at running a quarter-mile race ; f quarter- 
moon, (a) a crescent moon ; (6) QUADRATURE 
4 b ; f quarter-night, the time when a quarter of 
the night has passed ; quarter-note, Mus. a 
crotchet; zk-.oattrib.&s, quarter-note rest; quarter- 
pace, a resting-place or landing on a stair, con- 
taining a quadrant or 'quarter-turn'; quarter- 
partition, a partition whose framework is made of 
quarters ; quarter-pierced a., Her, (see qnots.) ; 
quarter-plate, a photographic plate measuring 
3^ x 4$ inches ; also, a photograph taken on a plate 
of this size ; also attrib. ; quarter-ply a. (?) ; 
quarter-point, Naut. QUARTER i o b ; quarter- 
pointed a., Her. (see quot.) ; quarter-pole, a pole 
marking the quarter-mile on a race-course ; quar- 
ter-quibble, ? a poor or weak quibble ; quarter- 
race, U.S., a quarter-mile race ; quarter-rack, a 
rack which regulates the striking of the quarters in 
a clock ; f quarter-ranger, ? the ranger or keeper 
of a certain quarter ; quarter-repeater, a repeater- 
watch which strikes the quarters; quarter-rest, 
Mus. a rest equal in time to a quarter-note, a 
crotchet-rest (Cent. Diet.} ; quarter-right, Mil. 
one quarter of a right angle towards the right ; 
t quarter-road, an ordinary road with quarters 
separated by horse- track and ruts ; quarter-round, 
a convex moulding having an outline of a quarter- 
circle, an ovolo or echinus ; also attrib., or adj., 
as quarter-round tool ; f quarter-sack, a sack 
capable of holding a quarter of grain ; quarter- 
sawed a., of wood : quartered ; quarter-screw, 
one of the four screws in a compensation balance 
by which the watch is regulated ; quarter-seal, 
a seal pertaining to the Chancery of Scotland, 
having the shape and impression of a fourth part 
of the Great Seal ; quarter-section (U. S. and 
Canada), a quarter of a square mile of land, 
1 60 acres ; quarter-sights, sights engraved on the 
base-ring of a cannon in quarter degrees (Smyth) ; 
quarter-slings, Naut. (see quot.) ; quarter-snail 
(see quot.); quarter-space = quarter-pace ^Nichol- 
son, 1 8 2 3) ; t quarter-spells, some game ; quarter- 
square, the fourth part of the square of a number ; 
quarter-stroke, f (a) = quarter-blow; (b} the 
stroke with which a clock marks the quarters ; 
quarter-stuff, (a) =quarter-timber\>; (b} quar- 
ter-cut (Knight) ; quarter-tackle, Naut. (see 
quot.) ; f quarter-tale, reckoning (grain) by quar- 
ters ; quarter-timber, f (<*) quartered timber ; (i) 
timber in the form of quarters (sense 19) ; (c) 
Naut. in //. (see quot. 1846) ; quarter-tone, 
Mus. one half of a semitone ; quarter-track = 
quarter- course ; quarter-turn, (a} a rifle in whicli 
the shot makes a quarter of a revolution in the 
length of the barrel ; (b} a bend of a quarter of 
a circle ; also attrib. ; quarter-twist = prec. a ; 
quarter-vine, an American vine (Bignonia capreo- 
lata}, the stem of which readily divides into 
quarters (Cent. Diet.} ; f quarter-voided a., Her. 
= quarter-pierced; quarter-watch, Naut. a ship's 
watch composed of one-fourth of the crew ; quar- 
ter-wheeling, turning through a quarter of a 
circle ; f quarter-wood = quarter-timber. 

1797 J. BILLINGSLEY View Agric,, Somerset 249 A disorder 
proymcially called the *quarter*ail, which is a mortification 
beginning at the hock. 1574 Proviso in Lease in Worsley 
Hist. Isle Wight 210 If the Quarter shall need .. to make 
a "Quarter-Ale, or Church-Ale. 1775 ADAIR A incr. Ind. 269 
Rushed off with impetuous violence, on a "quarter-angled 
course. 1895 Wcstm. (.';. 8 Nov. 2/1 Your ' "quarter-backs , 



QUARTER. 

as half-backs were then called, waited for the ball to roll out. 
1899 W. CAMP in Badminton Football xx\\. 286 Seven rushers 
or forwards, . . a quarter-back, who stands just behind this 
line ; two half-backs [etc.]. 179. BURNS Lass Etcle/echani, 
A mickle "quarter basin. 1872 ELLACOMBE Bells of CA. in 
Cli. Bells Devon viii. 393 The four "quarter bells were cast 
1769 FALCONER Diet. Marine (1780), *Quarter-Bill, a roll, or 
list, containing the different stations, to which all the officers 
and crew of the ship are quartered, in the time of battle, 
and the names of all the persons appointed to those stations. 
"794 Digging ff Seamanship I. 157 Tliick-and-thin, or 
''Quarter bloek, is a double block . . used to lead down the 
topsail-sheets and clue-lines. < 1860 H. STUART Seaman's 
Catech. 38 Topsail sheets when made of chain are rove 



GREENE Menaphon (Arb.) 85 Breaking a few quarter blowes 
with such countrey glances as they coulde. 1638 HHYWOOU 
Wise Wont. iv. Wks. 1874 V. 330, I had my wards, and 
foynes, and quarter-blowes. 1452 in Willis and Clark Cam- 
bridge (1886) I. 282 The selyng boord .. shalbe "quartere 
borde an inche thyk. 1497 Naval Ace. Hen. V/I (1896) 296 
Sawyng of certeyn tymbre into plankes [&] quarterbordes. 
1548 Privy Council Acts (1890) II. 174 Quarter boord, iijml. 
1846 A. YOUNG Naut. Diet. 242 Quarter-Boards or 7V/- 
gallant Quarter. Boards, a thin bulwark boarding, forming 
an additional height to the bulwarks at the after part of a 
vessel. They also get the name of Topgallant bulwarks. 
1679-88 Seer. Serv. Money Chas. Sf Jos. (Camden) 146 His 
allowance, .for returning the "quarter books to S r Edmund 
Turner. 1826 SOUTHEY K/<f. Eecl. Angl. 260 The machinery 
..by which his own "quarter-boys in Fleet-street perform 
their office. 1900 Academy 28 Apr. 365/1 The grotesque 
' quarter-boys ' corpulent cherubs on either side of the 
clock beat the quarters on the dial. 1627 CAPT. SMITH Si'a- 
man's Gram. xiv. 69 *Quarter Bullets is., any bullet 
quartered in foure or eight parts. 1873 BENNETT & CAVEN- 
DISH Billiards 27 The cue-butt or *quarter-butt is larger in 
diameter than the cue, about 5 feet long, and leathered 
at the bottom. 1711-* Advt. in Spectator (1891) 904, 
22 Hogsheads and 3 "quarter Casks of new Bene-Carlos 
Barcelona Wine , . at . . 5/. per Hogshead and 2$j. per Quarter 
Cask. 1727 BAILEY vol. II, *Quarter-cast (with Horsemen), 
a Horse is said to cast his Quarter, where for any Disorder 
in the Coffin, there is a Necessity to cut one of the Quarters 
of the Hoof. 1626 DONNE Serin. Ixxiii. 748 There was 
never heard "Quarter-clock to strike. 1884 F. J. BRITTEN 
Watch fs Clockin. 217 [A] Quarter Clock, .[is] a clock that 
strikes or chimes at the quarter hours. 1769 FALCONER 
Diet. Marine (1780), *Quarter-cloth.s, long pieces of painted 
canvas, extended on the outside of the quarter-netting 
from the upper part of the gallery to the gangway. 1894 
field 9 June 828/3 The names of his two horses em- 
broidered on the quarter cloths. 1879 Cassell's Teclm. 
Educ. IV. 218/2 The "quarter-column is the formation . . most 
employed when large oodles of troops are working together. 
1884 St. James's Gaz. 21 Aug. 5/2 A battalion of eight 
companies in quarter-column, that is, in column of companies 
one behind the other. 1747 HOOSON Miners Diet. Q ij b, 
*Quartereord [is] a Measure used in laying out of Flats, 'tis 
a superficial Measure, and one fourth part of a Mear ; it is a 
Square, each side being seven Yards and one Quarter long. 
1851 TAPPING Gloss. Mining Terms (E. D. S.), s.v., So long 
as a mine is wrought . . everything upon the quarter cord 
belongs to the miner. 1885 Century Mag. XXX. 397/2 
' *Quarter-courses ' usually consisted of two parallel patns, 
and were run by two horses at a time. 1753 SMOLLETT Ct. 
fathom (1784) 147/1 A "quarter curtsey, or slight inclination 
of the head. 1895 Westtn. Gaz. 30 Mar. 3/1 The skin of . .all 
kinds of racing eights, is known as "quarter cut'. 1796 
Instr, ff Reg. Cavalry (1813) 164 The rear .. [divisions] 
quicken their march, and close up to "quarter distance. 
1842 ALISON Hist. Europe (1849-50) XIV. xciv. 7. 7 They 
were drawn up in two lines, but the enemy chiefly in quarter- 
distance columns. 1711 Land. Gaz. No. 4888/4 A ^quarter 
Foot the near Foot behind. 1776 G. SEMPLE Building in 
Water 66 A nine Foot Pantile-lath or a "Quarter-four. 1745 
P. THOMAS Voy. S. Seas 58 We found here in the Road . . 
two "Quarter Galleys. 1867 [see HALF-GALLEY). 1703 T.N. 
OYy ff C. Purc/taser 187 The "Quarter-grain, .is that Grain 
which is seen to run in straight Lines towards the Pitch. 
1825 J. NICHOLSON Of era-t. Mechanic 612 Clear them [laths] 
into thicknesses by the quarter grain. 1593 Statutes Isle 
Man (1821) 76 To pay for every "Quarter Ground in 
respect of their . . Custom Turves. 1703 T. N. City $ C. 
Purchaser 35 "Quarter-heads, or Bill-brads for soft Wood- 
floors. 1727 A. HAMILTON New Ace. E. Ind. I. vii. 67 
Their Shoes, .very low and stiff at the "Quarter-heels, 1713 
Land. Gaz. No. 5148/12 A "Quarter-hoof on one of his hind 
Feet 1885 Census Instruct., "Quarter Hoop Maker, Bender, 
Shaver, c i8o H. STUART Seaman's Catech. 75 On each 
quarter is a "quarter-iron that opens with a hinge to allow 
the topmast studding sail booms to be raised or lowered. 
1769 FALCONER Diet. Marine (1789), 'Quarter-Ladders, 
two ladders of rope, depending from the right and left side 
of a ship's stern. 1867 SMYTH Sailor's Word-bk., Quarter. 
Ladder, from the quarter-deck to the poop. 1832 Regal. 
Instr. Cavalry in. 93 The., command will be given, 
Squadrons .. "Quarter or Half Left. 1881 Daily News 
15 Sept. 3/2 The engine.. struck the side of the three last 
carriages .. smashed a number of the_' "quarter lights . 1890 




With horned points like to a "quarter moone. i6fc- Phil. 
Trans I. 55 The Course of irregular Tides about the 
Quartermoons. c 1386 CHAUCER Miller's T. 330 A Monday 
next, at 'quarter-night, Shall fall a reyn. 1763 J. BROWN 
Poetry ft Mus. v. 63%>uarter-Notes;. .an Interval which no 
human Ear can precisely distinguish. 1773 HARRINGTON 
Singing of Birds nt Phil. Trans. LXIII. 264 Such a minute 
interval . . when a quarter-note for example might be re- 
quired. 1825 J. NICHOLSON (>/V>w/. Mechanic 504 Where 
the height of a story is considerable, resting places are 
necessary, which go under the name of ^quarter-paces, and 
half-paces, according as the passenger .. has to describe a 
quadrant or semi-circle. 1858 Skyring's Guilders' Prices 
(ed. 48) 13 The Plates and Braces in "Quarter Partitions must 
be added. 1841-59 GWII.T Arc/lit, (ed. 4) 2024 The scant 



QUARTER. 

lings of the timbers of a quarter partition should vary accord- 
ing to the extent of bearing. 1678 PHILLIPS (ed. 4), ^Quarter 
Pierced^ in Heraldry is when there is a hole of a square form 
made in the middle of a Cross. 1893 CUSSANS Her. (ed. 4) 63 
The Cross.. If.. that part where the limbs are conjoined be 
removed, it is termea Quarterly-pierced. A Cross with a 
square aperture in its centre, smaller than the last example, 
is Quarter-pierced. 1890 Anthony's Photogr. Bull. 111.273 
A 'lialf'plate ' or a ' *quarter-plate ' lens. Ibid. t A beginner 
buying his first quarter-plate outfit. 1856 OLMSTED Slave 
States 3 Three yards of ragged and faded "quarter-ply car- 
peting, 1717-41 CHAMBERS Cycl. s.v. Point, Half of that, 
or 2 48' 3, [is] a *quarter point, 1769 FALCONER Diet. 
Marine (1789), The quarter-points of the Compass., are 
distinguished, .by the word by. 1840 MARRYAT Olio. Podr. 
111.26 How was it possible that a man could navigate a ship 
with only one quarter point of the compass in nis head? 
1825 9 W. BERRY Encycl. Htr.>* Quarter-pointed,, .extend- 
ing from dexter chief towards the base, and terminated in 
the fesse point. It.. is just one-fourth part of a partition 
per saltier. 1894 Outing (U.S.) XXIV. 142/2 Held his place 
until the "quarter-pole was reached. 1663 DRYDEN ll'ilti 
Gallant i. i. Wks. 1882 II. 35 A bare clinch will serve the 
turn ; a carwichet, a "quarter-quibble, or a pun. 1719 T. 
COOKE Tales, etc. 96 Quarter-quibbles made his Heart right 
glad. 1791 Descr. Kentucky 12 His time is employed in 
"quarter-races, cock-fights. 1885 Century Mag. XXX. 
397/2 In North Carolina., quarter-races were much esteemed. 
1884 F. J, BRITTEN Watch fy Clockm. 219 The "quarter rack 
. .falls against the bent arm of the hour rack hook, a 1613 
OVERBURY Characters^ Sargeant Wks. (1856) 163 The gaf- 
lowes are his pur lues, in which the hangman and heearethe 
"Quarter-rangers. 1884 F. J. BRITTEN Watch $ Clockm. 224 
In a "quarter repeater the last hour is struck, and afterwards 
the number of quarters that have elapsed since. 183* Regul. 
Instr. Cavalry n. 72 The Troops . . wheel "quarter right. Ibid. 
90 The previous command is given, Squadrons quarter or half- 
right. 1767 A. YOUNG Lett, to People 282 A broad-wheel 
waggon will go in any "quarter- road, 1706 PHILLIPS (ed. 
Kersey), Echinus. .\% termed .. Ovolo by the Italians; but 
the English Workmen commonly call it the "Quarter-round. 
*753 HOGARTH Anal. Beauty xii. 171 Let us observe the 
' ovolo ', or quarter- round, in a cornice. 1851 TURNER Dom. 
Archit. II. vi. 372 The arches and purlins are well moulded, 
with the quarter round and fillet. 15.. Merie Tales of 
Skelton S-'s Wks. 1843 I. p. Ixx, The miller hauying a great 
"quarter sacke. ax66i FULLER Worthies, Catnbridge i. 
(1662) 156 Quarter-sacks were here first used, men commonly 
carrying . . eight bushels of Early. 1884 F. J. BRITTEN 
Watch fy Clockm. 25 Drawing out the "quarter screws of 
the balance nearest the fast position . . and setting in the 
ones nearest to slow position. 1706 Act 6 Anne c. n Art, 
xxiv, The privy seal. ."quarter seal and seals of Courts now 
used in Scotland. 1879 LD. BEACONSFIELD Sp. 18 Sept. 2/3 
Every man of fair character who comes to Canada, has a 
right.. to obtain what is called a "quarter -section of land. 
i88a Contemp. Rev. Aug. 233 Each township, section, and 
quarter-section .. marked off by mounds and posts. 1876 
VOYLE & STEVENSON Milit. Diet. 385/2 In smooth-bore guns, 
"quarter-sights are cut on the upper quarter of the base ring, 
and numbered up to 3. 1867 SMYTH Sailor's Word-bit.^ 
*Quarter-S lings, are supports attached to a yard or other 
spar at one or both sides of (but not in) its centre. 1881 F. J. 
BRITTEN Watch $ Clockm. 219 [The] "Quarter Snail . . [is] the 
snail used in the quarter part of clocks and repeating watches. 
1448 in Bacon Ann. Ipswich 105 John Lackford accused for 
cheating at Games called Whistilds, Prelleds, and "Quarter 
spells. 1841 Penny Cycl. XIX. 199/2 A table which gives the 
squares of the halves of numbers will, by the addition of the 
squares of the halves or "quarter-squares, give the product. 
1559 AYLMER Harborowe H,Theymust know their "quarter 
strookes, and the waye how to defende their head. 1589 
Marprel. Epit. D ij, Such a precher. -as this, would quickly 
with his quarter strokes, ouerturneal religion. iTSoCowpER 
Table Talk 531 The clock-work tintinnabulum of rhyme,., 
such mere quarter-strokes are not for me. 1711 J. JAMES 
tr. Le Blond's Gardening 71 They make use. .of *Quarter' 
Stuff for large Plinths and Facias. 1799 Naval Chron. II. 
389 Timber . . , blocks, quarterstuff, candles. 1815 Falconer's 
Mar. Z>*V/.(ed. Kmnizy)* Quarter-tackle, a strong tackle fixed 
occasionally upon the quarter of the main- or fore-yard, to 
hoist boats and heavy packages into and out of the ship. 
1641 BEST Farm. Bks. (Surtees) 132 For burying of Corne by 
"Quarter-tayle . . to have 6W. a quarter for barley, ^d, a I 
quarter for oates. z6oi HOLLAND Pliny I. 488 The "quarter j 
timber, or that which runneth with foure grains, is simply 
the best. 1846 A. YOUNG Nant. Diet. 243 Quarter-timbers, 
the framing limbers in a vessel's quarter. 1776 BURNF.Y 
Hist. Mus. (1789) I. ii. 23 A Diesis or "Quarter-tone. 1811 
BUSBY Diet. Mus. s.v., The Quarter-tone is of two kinds, viz. 
the major-enharmonic . . and the enharmonic minor. 1866 
ENGEL Nat. Mus. ii. 45 The seven intervals of the Hindu 
Scale . . are subdivided into twenty-two srooti, correspond- 
ing to quarter-tones. 1888 JL C. HARRIS Free foe, etc. 10 
There was a "quarter-track,, .if he chose., horse-racing. 1810 
Snorting Mag. XXXVI. 272 A "quarter turn, which is the 
kind of rifle the line uses. 1661 MORGAN Spk. Gentry u. iii. 
29 Or . . a Crosse "quarter- voided azure. 1701-11 Milit. t? 
Sea Diet. (ed. 4) u, ^Quarter- Watch is when a Quarter of the 
Ship's Company watches, which is us'd in Harbour, when 
there is no Danger. 1769 FALCONER Diet. Marine (1789), 
Faire la petite Bordee, to set the quarter- watch. 1887 G. B. 
GOODE Fisheries (7. S. V. ii. 229 On the whaling ground., 
they stand ' quarter- watches \ >77-4i CHAMBERS Cycl. t 
*Quarter-w/ieeling..mtiie military art, is a motion whereby 
the front of a body of men is turned round to where the flank 
was. 16x1 in Cheshire Gloss. 275 "Quarter wood att the^ 
wiche howses. 

Quarter (kwgutw), v. Also 4-6 quartre. [f. 
QUARTER sb. AF. quarter^ is found c 1350.] 

1. trans. To cut into quarters ; to divide into 
four equal or equivalent parts. Also with out 
(cf. 2 b). a. things in general. 

c 1430 Two Cookery-bks. 18 Take a Capoun . .quarter hym. 
cigoo in Prymer (E. E. T. S.) 171 Take a penyworthe of 
hyt, and quarter hyt in fowre. c 1590 MARLOWE /*,?/. vii, 
The streets . . Quarter the town in four Equivalents. 1646 
SIR T. BROWNE Pseud. Ep. 284 As for the divisions of the 
yeare, and the quartering out this remarkable standard 



30 

of time [etc.]. 1735 POPE Donne Sat. iv. 136 He knows . . 
Whose place is quarter'd out, three parts in four. 1796 
MRS. &I.&SSE. Cookery x\v. 260 Pare and quarter your apples 
and take out the cores. 1860 READF, Cloister <$ H. hi, 
So [to] halve their land instead of quartering it. 

b. the body of a person, esp. of a traitor or 
criminal. (Cf. quots. for HANG v. 3, DRAW v. 4.) 

1387 TREVISA Higden (Rolls) VIII. 291 His body was 
i-quartred and i-sent into dyvers places of Engelonde. 
1440 J. SHIRLEY Dethe K. 'fames 23 The said hongman 
smut of thare hedes, and there quartard hem. 1508 KEN- 
NEDIE Flyting w. Dunl>ar 416 Hang Dunbar, Quarter and 
draw. 1601 SHAKS. Jnl. C. m. i. 268 Infants quartered 
with the hands of Warre. 1723 DE FOE Col. Jack (1840) 
202 Being discovered, betrayed, .. hanged, quartered, &c. 
1849 MACAULAV Hist, Eng. v. 1. 614 A few . . were set apart 
for the hideous office of quartering the captives. 

trans/, and fig. 1595 SHAKS. John \\. i. 506 Hang'd in 
the frowning wrinkle of her brow ! And quarter'd in her 
heart. 163* LITHGOW Trav. i. 2 The very Gospell it selfe, . . 
is quartered, mangled, and reiected. 18x4-8 LAN DOR [wag. 
Conv, Wks. 1846 I. 359 At present the one hangs property, 
the other quarters it. 

c. Meek. To fix cranks on (a shaft), to make 
wrist-pin holes in (a driving-wheel), a quarter of 
a circle apart (Knight Diet, Meek. 1875). 

2. To divide into parts fewer or more than four. 
Also with out. 

14. . Sir Beues (M.) 4239 Dede bodyes quarterrid m thre. 
1551 HULOF.T, Quarter or trymme a garden, defonnare 
aream. 1506 SPENSER /". Q. vi. ii. 44 Clad all in gilden armes, 
with azure band Quartred athwart. 1599 T. M[OUFET] Silk- 
wortnes 55 Send Witte the knife to quarter out their meats 
as need requires. 1637 CAPT. SMITH Seaman's Gram. xiv. 
69 Quarter Bullets is .. any bullet quartered in foure or 
eight parts. 1634 MILTON Comas 29 This He.. He quarters 
to his blu-hair'd deities, a 1800 A. Malcolm $ Sir Cohrin 
in Child Ballads II. 62/2 Here is a sword .. Will quarter 
you in three. 

fb. To quarter out \ To mark out, outline. Obs. 

1600 SURFLET Countrie Farme in. xxyiL 484 The iuice [of 
the fig] doth constraine the skin to fall into wreathes and to 
quarter out a thousand shapes. 1616 SURFL. & MARKH. 
Country Farme 158 You shall quarter out a bed for Leekes. 

3. Her. a. To place or bear (charges or coats 
of arms) quarterly upon a shield ; to add (another's 
coat) to one's hereditary arms ; to place in alter- 
nate quarters with* 

\4..Tournam. Tottenham 153 in Hazl. E. P. P. III. 89 
The chefe was of a ploo mell, .. Quartered with the mone 
li^t. 1571 GASCOIGNE Dettise of Maske Wks. (Roxb.) I. 85 
Confessing that he . . bare the selfe same armes that I dyd 
quarter in my Scute. 1605 CAM DEN Rem. t Rytktnes 25 
King Edward the third when he first quartered the Armes 
of France with England. i6a8 COKE On Litt. Pref., This 
faire descended Family de Littleton, .. quartereth many 
faire Coates. 1761-71 H. WALPOLE Vertn es A need. Paint. 
(1786) I. 152 [Henrys] sacrificing the gallant earl of Surrey 
for quartering the arms of England, as he undoubtedly had 
a right to quarter them. 1854 HAWTHORNE Eng. Note-bks. 
(1883) I. 493 The royal banner of England, quartering the 
lion, the leopard, and the harp. 1880 DIXOH Windsor III. 
ix. 89 Norfolk, .had quartered his wife's arms. 

absol. 17*7-41 CHAMBF.RS Cycl. s. v. Quartering^ The King 
of Great Britain quarters with Great Britain, France, 
Ireland, Brunswick, &c. 1893 CUSSANS Heraldry (ed. 4) 171 
Neither would their issue being unable to quarter be per- 
mitted to bear their maternal coat. 

b. To divide (a shield) into quarters, or into 
any number of divisions formed by vertical and 
horizontal lines. 

1590 SPENSER F.Q. H. t 18 In his silver shield He bore a 
bloodie Crosse that quartred all the field. 17*7-41 CHAMBERS 
Cycl.j Counter-quartered . . denotes the escutcheon, after 
being quartered, to have each quarter divided again into 
two. 1868 BROWNING Ring $ Bk. vi. 237 Our arms are those 
of Fiesole itself, The shield quartered with white and red. 

4. To put (soldiers or others) into quarters; to 
station, place or lodge in a particular place. Also 
pass. = to have one's abode, lodging, etc. 

1594 SHAKS. Rick, ///, v. iiL 34 Where is Lord Stanley 
quarter'd, do you know? 1665 MANLEY Grotius 1 Lo^v C. 
Warres 221 The Duke of Parma all this Winter, quarter'd 
his men in the village of Brabant. 1713 DE FOE Col. Jack 
(1840) 233 After this campaign I was quartered at Cremona. 
1795 WELLINGTON in Gurw. DesP. (1837) I. 2 The 33*-* Regi- 
ment was landed and quartered at Poole. 1822 W. IRVING 
Braceb. Hall i. 4, I am again quartered in the panelled 
chamber. i88a B. D. W. RAMSAY Recoil. Mil. Serv. I. i. 5 
He was then quartered in Edinburgh as a lieutenant. 

b. With on, upon : To impose (soldiers) upon 
(a householder, town, etc.), to be lodged and fed. 

1683 Apol. Prof. France ii. 29 He quartered his Men upon 
those of the Protestant Religion. 1815 J. W. CROKER in C. 
Papers 14 July (1884), Blucher has quartered a guard of 
Prussians on him. 1874 GREBN Short Hist. \\\\. 3. 485 
Soldiers were quartered on recalcitrant boroughs. 

trans/, and Jig. 1663 BUTLER Hud. i. ii. 274 He'd suck 
his Claws And quarter himself upon his Paws. 1714 Sfect. 
No. 595 f 6 You have Quartered all the foul Language upon 
me, that could be raked out of the Air of Billingsgate. 1812 
L. HUNT in Examiner 24 Aug. 531/1 Those upon whom the 
Attorney -General is pleased to quarter his attentions. 1874 
GREEN Short Hist. in. 5. 139 Italian clergy were quartered 
on the best livings of the Church. 

5. intr. To take up (one's) quarters; to stay, 
reside, lodge. (Freq. in i;th c.) 

1581 SAVILE Tacitus, Hist. n. Ixvi. (1591) 91 That they and 
the cohorts of Batauians should quarter together. 1624 
CAPT. SMITH Virginia \\\. ii. 49 That night they quart erd 
in the woods. 1670 R. MONTAGU in Buccleuch MSS. (Hist 
MSS. Comm.) I. 482 The whole army .. will quarter there 
for some time. 17*3 DE FOE Col. Jack (1840) 240 The man 
in whose house I quartered was exceedingly civil to me. 



QUARTER. 

1781 HAMILTON Wks. (1886) VIII. 44, I quarter, at present, 
by a. .warm invitation, with General Lincoln. 1863 Co\\ DEN 
CLAHKE Shaks. Char. x. 262 An atmosphere of manner be- 
longing to those who have quartered in various countries. 

trans/. 1668 CULPEPPER & COLE Barthol. Anat. Manual 
I. v. 312 A remarkable Vein about the Heart .. quartering 
on the one side, without another on the other side. 
b. With on or upon. (Cf. 4 b.) ? Obs. 

1650 FULLER 'Pisgah n. v. 122 The Canaanites quartered 
..liard on the men of Asher. 1681 Land. Gaz. No. 1583/4 
A body of men should be sent to quarter upon the Country. 

6. To give quarters to ; to furnish with quarters 
or lodgings. ? Obs. 

1681 \V. ROBERTSON Phraseol. Gen. (1693) 1040 To quarter, 
hospitio accipere. i68z BUNVAN Holy War (Cassell) 177 
They had called his soldiers into the town [and] coveted 
who should quarter tlie most of them. 

absol. 1667 Ormonde MSS. in loM Rep. Hist. MSS. 
Comm. App. v. 56 [Certain] inhabitants of the said towne, 
refuse to quarter or pay the allowances for quartering. 

7. Naut. To assign (men) to a particular quarter 
on board ship ; to place or station for action. 

1695 T. SMITH Voy. Constantinople in Misc. Cur. (1708) 

III. 6 The Captain quartered his Men, and the Decks were 
cleared. IMfXMM*'* r*oy. in. viii. 378 He had not hands 
enough remaining to quarter a sufficient numberto each great 
gun. 1769 FALCONER Diet. Marine (17 ^80) Ggij, The marines 
are generally quartered on the poop and forecastle. 1809 
I. DALE in Naval Chron. XXIV. 78 The Europeans .. had 
been quartered to the upper deck guns. 

8. Natit. a. intr. To sail with the wind on the 
quarter, i. e. between beam and stern. 

i67 CAPT. SMITH Seaman's Grant, vii. 31 When you goe 
before the wind, or quartering. z6s8 DIGBV Voy. Medit. 
(1868) 83 Quartering with one tacke abord till you gett your 
chace vpon your beame. 1715 DE SAUMAREZ in Phil. Trans. 
XXXIII. 424 Sometimes sailing right before the Wind, then 
quartering. 

b. intr. Of wind : To blow on a ship's quarter. 

1710 DE FOE Capt. Singleton xi. (1840) 193 She came 
down upon us with the wind quartering. 

C. Of a sea : To strike (a ship) on the quarter. 
1890 CLARK RUSSELL Ocean Trag. \. v. 94 The sea had 

quartered her and swept, .along her lustrous bends. 

9. Build. To construct (a wall or partition) 
with quarters of wood. 

1703 T. N. City $ C. Purchaser 278 The Walls being 
quarter'd and Lathed between the Timber. 1848 Jriu. 
R. Agric. Soc. IX. n. 570 The former [circle] above the 
brickwork being quartered and plastered. 

10. To range or traverse (ground, etc.) in every 
direction. Said esp. of dogs in search of game. 

1700 J. COLLIER widDef. Short View 118 He has rang'd 
over a great deal of Ground, and Quarter'd the Fields of 
Greece and Italy. 1760-7* H. BROOKR FoolofQual. (1809) 

IV. 139 They crossed and quartered the country at pleasure. 
1766 PENNANT Brit. Zool. (1768) U. 235 Who pass over the 
fields and quarter the ground as a setting dog. 1788 WOLCOTT 
(P. Pindar) Sir J. Banks % Emp. of Morocco Wks.i8i2 II. 94 
just like a Pointer quartering well his ground. 1873 TRIS- 
TRAM Moab viii. 143 To traverse and quarter these ruins is a 
good day's work. 1888 Antifod, Notes 6 Two boats are 
. .quartering the sea, as a. .pointer quarters a turnip-field. 

D. intr. To range to and fro; to shift from 
point to point. 

1857 HUGHES Tom firown it. v, They quarter over the 
ground again and again, Tom always on the defensive. 
1873 G. C. DAVIES Mount, fy Mere x. 76 The hounds 
quartered to and fro. 

C. intr. To drive from side to side of the road. 

In quot. 1834 app. a misinterpretation of sense n. 

1834 DE QUINCEY Autob. Sk. Wks. 1862 XIV. 296 The 
postillion, .was employed, .eternally, in quartering^ i.e., in 
crossing from side to side, according to the casualties of the 
ground. 1886 ELWORTHY W. Somerset Word~l>k., Quarter 
to drive uphill in such a way that the horse crosses the road 
backwards and forwards so as to diminish the gradient. 
d. intr. To move in a slanting direction. 

1894 Outing (U. S.) XXIV. 387/1 The bird quartered past 
the Judge who had only cut a bunch of feathers from it. 
1895 Ibid. XXVI. 401/1 We. .changed our direction so as to 
'quarter' by them. 

11. intr. To drive a cart or carriage so that the 
right and left wheels are on (two of) the quarters 
of a road, with a rut between. Also, of a horse : 
To walk with the feet thus placed ; hence, to walk 
in front of the wheel. 

This is also the sense of F. cartayer, Walloon quateler 
(Littrei, which are etymological ly related to the Engl. word. 

1800 TUKE Agric. 300 Two-horse carts should be drawn by 
the horses abreast, .oy which means they would be enabled 
to quarter or stride the ruts. 1806-7 J. BERESFORD Miseries 
Hum. Life (1826) n. xxvii, A rugged narrow lane in which 
the ruts refuse to fit your wheels and yet there is no room 
to quarter. 1847 Jrnl. R. Agric. See. VIII. ii. 277 The 
carting off the cabbages . . is done with a quarter-cart, as it 
is termed in Suffolk, having the shafts so placed that the 
horse walks before the right hand wheel j in other words, it 
' quarters '. 1859 MRS. GASKELL Round the So/a 20 We had 
to quarter, as Randal called it, nearly all the way along 
the deep-rutted miry lanes. 1879- In dialect glossaries 
(Shropsh., Chesh., etc.). 

b. intr. To drive to the side in order to allow 
another vehicle to pass. (Cf. QUART v.*} 

1849 DE QUINCEY Eng. AfailCoach'Wks, 1862 IV. 334 Every 
creature that met us would rely upon us for quartering. 
1866 GEO. ELIOT F. Holt i Elderly gentlemen in pony- 
chaises, quartering nervously to make way [etc.]. 

c. To set (the shafts of a cart) so that the horse 
walks in front of one of the wheels. 

1847 JrnL R. Agric. Soc. VIII. n. 268 The shafts are 
quartered, so that the horses (usually two) walk in the 
furrow followed by one wheel. 



QUARTERAGE. 

12. intr. Of the moon: To begin a fresh quarter. 
Also with ;';/. 

1789 <~1. KRATF /V/.'a- fsl. 227 They would have bad 
weather until the moon quartered. 1833 MAHRYAT /'. 
_SY///f (1863) 157 The new moon's quartered in with foul 
weather. 

Quarterage (kw^Mtared^). Also 4 qwarter-, 



5 quater-, 6 quartrage, -errage, querterage, 6-S 
quartridge, (6 -redge), 7-8 -eridge, (7 -eridg, S 
-erridge). [f. QUARTER sb. + -AGE ; pt-rh. a. 



OF. quarterage (Godef.).] 

1. A contribution, subscription, tax, or other 
charge paid by a person every quarter ; a quarterly 
payment made by one. 

1389 in Eng. Gilds (1870) 3 Which wardeins schul gadere 
J>e qwarterage of bretheren & sustren. 1452 in Gross Gild 
Merck. II. 69 All maner fynnys, amercyments & quarteragys. 
1529 in Vicary's An at. (1888) App. xiv. 251 So Alweys that 
the sayde quarterage be lawfullye demaunded. 1602 DEKKKR 
Satirom. Wks. 1873 1. 262 You shall not brag that your Vize- 
royes or Tributorie kings have done homage to you, or paide 
quarterage. 1708 Brit. Apollo No. 42. i Most of our sub- 
scribers having paid their Quarterridges [etc.], 1795 BURKE 
Tracts Popery Laws Wks. 1842 II. 434 They trade and 
work in their own native towns as alienSj paying, as such, 
quarterage, and other charges and impositions. 1887 Titties 
20 Jan, 4/3 The plaintiff had not paid his quarterages. 

2. A sum paid to, or received by, a person every 
quarter ; a quarter's wages, allowance, pension, etc. 

1433 Lett Bk. in Sharp Cw. Myst. (1825) 207 The! shall 
have ij men of every ward, every quarter, to help them to 
gather her Quarterage, c 1515 Cache Lorelts B. 4 Than 
came a pardoner with his boke, His quarterage of euery 
man he toke. 1590 TARLTON News Pnrgat. (1844) 82 He, 
being then bare of pence, because his quarterage was not 
come in, 1666 PEPYS Diary 8 Jan., My uncle Thomas 
with me to receive his quarterage, 1727 SWIFT Richmond 
Lodge fy MarbU Hill, An idle Rogue, who spends his 

Suartridge In tippling at the Dog and Partridge. 1830 
'ISRAELI C/ias, /, III. xvii. 370 A half-starved^Clerk, eked 
out his lean quarterage, by these merry perquisites. 1892 
Cor itk. Mag. July 27 He must wait till his new quarterage 
came before he could pay. 

3. Quarters, place of abode ; quartering of troops, 
or the expense of this. rare. 

1577 HOLINSHED Ckron. t Scof. I. 485 The Scots that lay 
in Kelso, and other'places keeping their quarterrage on the 
bordures. 1647 in Pictpn L'pool Mvnic. Rec. (1883) I. 143 
Agreed that a Ley. .be imposed upon the Towne for paye- 
ing of the Quarterage of the horse. Ibid,) These burdens 
of quarterage. 1841 Tail's Mag. VIII. 562 Common sense 
is driven out of her native quarterage in the brain. 1873 
O'CuRRY Lect. Ancient Irish i. xvi. 336 Any noble residence 
at which they [great stewards] intended to claim the free 
quarterage due to their official dignity. 

4. attrib. i as qiiarterage-bill^ -book, -day, -fee. 
1533 in Sharp Cov. Myst. (1825) 214 Paid to the mynstrell 

at quarterage day . . viijW. 1692 Lond. Gaz. No. 2799/4 
A large Folio Book, .called the Carmens Quar tend g- Book. 
1771-2 Ess. fr. Batchelor (1773) II. 192 The Quarterage- 
bill, like all others, must pass through both houses of parlia- 
ment. 1894 Times 19 Oct. 6/2 The 'quarterage' fees of 4$. 
per annum per member. 

Quarter-cart : see QUARTER v. 1 1 (quot. 1847). 
Quarter-deft, a- and sb. Chiefly dial. Also 
7 -cliff, 9 -clift. [See CLEFT sb. and///, a.] 

A. adj. (See quots.) rare* . 

1850 OGILVIE, Qnarter-cleft Rod y a rod cleft at one end, 
the cleft extending to one-fourth of its length. 1882 Ibid.) 
Quarter-cleft^ said of timber cut from the centre to the 
circumference. 

B. sb. 1. Wood cleft in four; quartered wood ; 
also, one of the pieces produced by cleaving in four. 

1641 BEST Farm. Bks. (Surtees) 15 Wee gette the biggest 
of [the willows] riven with iron wedges into quarter-cliffe. 
Ibid. t Shorte forke-shaftes, made of seasoned ashe, and 
quarter cliffe. 1887 Scott. Leader 21 Sept. 6 A large stick 
known in Tipperary as a 'quarter-clift '. 

2. A slightly-crazed or * half-cracked J person. 

1831 Prater's Mag. IV. 327 A mere nincompoop, or quarter- 
cliffi or what else you will that implies feebleness of intellect. 
1856 Chambers' Jrnl. V. 139 (Ulster Proverbs, etc.) An 
eccentric person . . is said . . to ' want a square of being round '. 
The next degree of aberration constitutes a 'quarter clift '. 
1880 Antrim <$ Down Gloss.) Quarter cleft) a crazy person. 

Quarter- co(u)sen, -cozin, corrupt varr. of 
CATER-COUSIN. 

1656 in BLOUNT Glossogr. 1681 in W. ROBERTSON Phraseol. 
General (1693) 1040. 

Quarter-day. [QUARTER sb. 8 a.] One of the 
four days fixed by custom as marking off the 
quarters of the year, on which tenancy of houses 
usually begins and ends, and the payment of rent 
and other quarterly charges falls due. 

In England and Ireland the quarter-days are Lady Day 
(March 25), Midsummer Day (June 24), Michaelmas (Sept. 
29), and Christmas (Dec. 25). The name is also sometimes 
applied to the Scottish terms of Candlemas (Feb. 2), Whit- 
Sunday (May 15), Lammas (Aug. i),and Martinmas (Nov. 11). 

1480 in Eng. Gilds 315 Ther shall be iiij quarter dayys that 
euery Brother . . shall assemble at oure comen hall. 1566 
HARYNGTON in Leisure H. (1884) 630/2 All which sommcs 
shal be duly paide each quarter-day. 1596 Edw, III, in. ii, 
What, is it quarter-day, that you remove, And carry bag 
and baggage too? 1660 FULLER Mixt Contempl. (1841) 197 
A gentleman had two tenants, whereof one,, .repaired to his 
landlord on thequarter-day. 1769 BUbCKBTOiBCMIM.!! 124 
Rent.. for the occupation of the land since the last quarter 
day. 1805 SOUTHEV Ball. $ Metr. T. Poet. Wks. VI. 80, 1 was 
idle, and quarter-day came on, And I had not the rent in 
store, 1840 DICKKNS Barn. Rndge xiii, The twenty-fifth of 
Mai x-h,.. one of those unpleasant epochs termed quarter-days. 



31 

Jig. 1641 BROME Jot'tall Crf-.u II. Wks. 1873 III. 382 If 
ever any just or charitable Steward was commended, sure 
tli" 11 vlialt be at the last Quarter-day. 1851 THACKERAY 
/.>.. limn. ii. (1876) 174 [They] had.. a happy quarter-day 
coming round for them. 

Qu-arter-deck. Naut. fa. Originally, a 
smaller deck situated above the HALF-DECK (q. v.), 
covering about a quarter of the vessel. Obs. b. 
In later use : That part of the upper or spar-deck 
which extends between the stern and after-mast, 
and is used as a promenade by the superior officers 
or cabin-passengers. 

1627 CAPT. SMITH Seaman's Gram. ii. 6 The halfe Decke 
is from the maine mast to the steareage, and the quarter 
Decke from that to the Masters Cabin called the round 
house, w< h is the ytmost of all. 16*7 DENHAM Direct. Paint. 
I. 55 Each Captain from his Quarter-deck commands. 1748 
Ansan's Voy. i. iii/29 Many of the principal Officers were 
on the quarter-deck, indulging in the freshness of the night 
air. 1840 R. H. DANA Be/. Mast xxiii. 67 The chief mate 
walking the quarter-deck, and keeping a general supervision. 
1884 PAF. Eustace 67 I'd have you to remember that you 
are not on the quarter-deck just now. 

jig-, 1853 LYTTON My Norel i. x, Too old a sailor to think 
that the State.. should admit Jack upon quarterdeck. 

attrib. 1712 E. COOKE Voy. S. Sea. 167 Each Ship is to 
answer the other with a Quarter-Deck Gun. 1797 NELSON 
in A. Duncan Life (1806) 42 A Spanish officer looked over 
the quarter-deck rail. 1828 P. CUNNINGHAM N. S. Wales 
(ed. 3) II. 299 When surgeon of a brig of war, my quarter- 
deck promenade was confined to eight paces. 1840 R. H. 
DANA Bef. Mast ix. 19 The quarter-deck dignity and elo- 
quence of the captain. 

Hence Qtia-rter-decier, -deckish (see quots.). 

1867 SMYTH Sailor's Word-bk., Quarter-Deckers, those 
officers more remarkable for etiquette than for a knowledge 
of seamanship. Ibid., Quarter-Deckish, punctilious, severe. 
1889 A. CONAN DOYLE Micah Clarke 244 It's your blue- 
coated, gold-braided, .quarter-deckers that talk of canes. 

Quarters, obs. form of QUARTEB sb. 
Quartered (kwg-itaid) ,///.. [f. QUARTEBZ/.] 

1. Cut into quarters ; divided in four ; spec, of 
quarter-cleft timber, which being afterwards cut 
into planks shows the grain to advantage. 

1501 Priv. Purse Exp. Eliz. of York (1830) 74 For twoo 
quartred bourdes with vysys. 1601 YARINGTON Two Lament. 
Traj. iv. iii. in Bullen O. PI. IV, Bull always strips all 
quartered traitors quite. 1626 CAPT. SMITH Acrid. Yng. 
Sea-men 32 Musquet shot, Colyuer shot, quartred shot. 
1719 LONDON & WISE Compl. Card. 187 The most con- 
venient . . is a Lattice of quarter'd Wood, or Heart of Oak. 
1805 WORDSWORTH Prelude n. 83 Through three divisions 
of the quartered year. 1854 P. B. ST. JOHN Amy Moss 21 
These palisades were formed of quartered oak. 

b. Her. Of a shield or arms : Divided or 
arranged quarterly. Of across: Quarterly-pierced. 

1486 Bk. St. Albans, Her. D ijb, Certan arrays ther be 
quarterit and irrasit as here apperis, the Wich..ar called 
quarterit armys irrasit. 1864 BOUTELL Her. Hist. $ Pop. 
xvi. 235 He assumed the quartered arms on his accession to 
the ducal dignity. 1893 CUSSANS Heraldry (ed. 4) 166 The 
earliest known example of a quartered shield occurs on the 
monument of Eleanor, .wife of Edward the First. 

fe. Of a building: Cruciform. Obs. rare" 1 . 

1591 PERCIVALL Sp. Diet., Cruzero en edfficio, a kinde of 
quartered building, Structura qwtdrivialis, 

2. Mil. Lodged in or belonging to quarters. 
1611 SHAKS. Cymb. iv. iv. 18 When they heare their Roman 

horses neigh, Behold their quarter'd Fires. 1824 WIFFEN 
Tasso i. vi, To breme winter's wing The quartered hosts 
give place. 

3. Belonging to a quarter or part of the horizon. 
1671 MILTON P. K. iv. 202 And on the earth Nations 

besides from all the quarter'd winds. 

4. Having quarters of a specified character. 

The sense in first quot. is not clear: the F. orig. has 
quarrfz ' square '. 

[1481 CAXTON Godefroy 286 His armes grete and wel 
quartred.] 1641 BEST Farm. Bks. (Surtees) 5 The lambes 
that forbeare grasse the longest prove, .the straightest, and 
best quartered. 1891 Cent. Diet, s.v., A short-quartered 
horse. Ibid., Low-quartered shoes. 

5. Carpentry. Made of quarters. 

1842-59 GWILT Arc/lit, (ed. 4) 2024 The framework of 
timber used for dividing the internal parts of a house into 
rooms is called a partition or quartered partition. 

Quarterer (kwgutersi). [f. QUAKTER v. + 
-ER !.] One who quarters, in various senses of the 
verb ; esp. one who takes up quarters, a lodger. 

1648 C. WALKER Hist. Independ. i. 66 If these quarterers 
offer violence . . they are protected. 1681 W. ROBERTSON 
Phraseol. Gen. (1693) 1040 A quarterer or hang-man, a 1802 
Dk. Athole's Nurse ix. in Child Ballads IV. 152 Had you 
a quarterer here last night, . . We are come to clear his 
lawing. 1881 GREGOR Folk-lore 57 Now and again there 
was a quarterer [a class of beggar] in the family. 

t Qua'rteret. Obs. rare. [f. QUARTER sb. 14 
or 15 -I- -ET.] A small quarter or allotted space. 

1598 BARRET T/ieor. Warres v. iv, The 3000 launciers are 
deuided and allodged into 6 quarterets. Ibid. Gloss. 252 
Quarteret, is the diminutiue of quarter. 

Quarter-evil. 1- = QUARTER-ILL. 

a 1722 LISLE Observ. Husb. (1757) 290 The joint-murrain 
in calves . . by others is called the quarter-evil. 1800 TUKE 
Agric. 259 A complaint very prevalent amongst calves, when 
a year old, is called the . . quarter evil. .The calves are first 
seized in one quarter, and are lame. 1841 DICK Man. Vet. 
Science (1862) 148 In two or three hours the animal is dead, 
from the Quarter-evil. 1896 Allbutts Syst. Med. I. 54= 
Rabbits, which are relatively refractory to quarter-evil. 

2. [QUARTER sb. 25.] An inflammation of part of 
the udder (Syd. Soc. J.ex. 1897). 



QUARTERING. 

Quarterfoil, f-foyle, erron. ff. QUATREFOIL. 
Quarter-gallery. Natit. [QUARTEB iA. 22.] 

1. A kind of balcony with windows, projecting 
from the quarter of a large vessel ; cf. GALLERY 2 d. 

1769 in FALCONER Diet. Marine (1789) D ij. 1796 NELSON 
10 Mar. in Nicolas Disp. (1846) VII. xxxvii.The very heavy 

ales . . carried away the starboard quarter-gallery. 1830 
COTT Demonol. x. 363 He saw that the captain had thrown 
himself into the sea from the quarter-gallery. 1836 MARRYAT 
Miiish. Kasy xiii, Pulled them out of the quarter gallery. 
1867 [see Quarter-badge, in QUARTER sb. 29]. 

attrib. 1707 NELSON Feb. in Nicolas Disp. (1845) II. 342 
A soldier, .having broke the upper quarter-gallery window. 

2. A small projection on the quarter of a ship, 
containing lavatory accommodation (Cent. Diet.}. 

Quarter-guard. Mil. [QUARTER sb. 140.] 
A small guard mounted in front of each battalion 
in a camp, at about eighty paces distant. 

1741 S. SPEED in Buccleuch MSS. (Hist. MSS. Comm.) 

I. 309 Col. Cockran's and Brigadier Lowther's Regiments . . 
were not able to give more than nine men for their quarter- 
guard. 1758 WATSON Milit. Diet. (ed. 5) s.v. Guard, 
Quarter Guards are more for preserving the Peace and 
Tranquillity within the Regiment .. than for a Security 
against the Enemy. 1844 Regul. fy Ord.Anny 32 On these 
occasions, the Tents of the Quarter Guards are to be struck. 
1892 R. KM-LING Ball., East ff West 89 When they drew to 
the Quarter-Guard, full twenty swords flew clear. 

Quarter-gunner. Naut. An officer sub- 
ordinate to the gunner, whom he assists in all 
departments of his work (cf. quots. 1769, 1846). 

1627 CAPT. SMITH Sea-wait's Gram. viii. 35 The Master 
Gunner hath charge of the ordnance . . the rest of the 
Gunners, or quarter Gunners to receive their charge from 
him. 1702 Royal Declar. i June in Lend. Gaz. No. 3815/2 
The Trumpeter, Quarter Gunners, Carpenters Crew [etc.]. 
1769 FALCONER Diet. Marine (1780) s. v., The number of 
quarter-gunners in any ship is always in proportion to the 
number of her artillery, one quarter-gunner being allowed 
to every four cannon. 1804 Med. Jriil. XII. 476 One of 
his Majesty's frigates, on board of which her husband served 
in the quality of a quarter-gunner. 1846 A. YOUNG Naut. 
Diet. 242 Quarter-Gunner, in a ship of war, an able seaman, 
generally one of the gunner's crew, appointed to act as his 
assistant under the gunner's mates. 

Quarter-ill. An inflammatory disease of 
cattle and sheep (symptomatic anthrax), causing 
putrefaction in one or more of the quarters. Called 
also quarter-evil, black quarter, etc. 

1797 BAILEY & GULLEY View Agric. Nortlunnl. 130 The 
loss of lambs is sometimes very considerable . . from . . the 
'quarter-ill '. 1834 YOUATT Cattle 362 The first symptoms 
are those of quarter ill. 1855 STEPHENS Book Farm (ed. 2) 

II. 185 Another effect of the same febrile affection in calves 
in autumn is the quarter ill or evil. 1881 GREGOR Folk-lore 
186 When the quarter-ill made its appearance [etc.]. 

Quartering (kwgutarirj), vbl. sb. [f. QUAR- 
TEB v. + -ING l.J The action of the verb. 

1. Division into four equal parts ; also, division 
in general. 

1610 W. FOLKINCHAM Art of Survey i. ix. 23 The quarter- 
ing of the sweard of Ant-hils, casting their ballas't, and 
playning the_ir Plots for pasture. 1694 Phil. Trans. XVIII. 
70 The halving, trisecting, quartering, &c. is performed by 
extracting the Square Root, . . &c. of the Terms. 1727-41 
[see QUARTERIZATION]. 1895 Pall Mall Gaz. 18 Jan. 10/3 
Even in ' quartering 'the term for breaking up the great 
nodules of flint it is not muscle, but eye, that tells. 

2. Her. The dividing of a shield into quarters ; 
the marshalling or bringing in of various coats 
upon one shield, to denote the alliances of one 
family with the heiresses of others. 

1592 WYRLEY Armorie 4 An other thing that is amisse..is 
the quartering of many marks in one shield, coale, or 
banner. 1595 Blanchardyn ii. (1890) 15 Then questioned 
he with his Master, of the blazonry of armes, and y 
quartering of these coates. 1605 CAMDEN Rein. (1636) 225 
Quartering of Coates, beganne, first . . in Spaine in the Armes 
of Castile and Leon. 1727-41 CHAMBERS Cycl. s. v., Quarter- 
ing, in heraldry, the act of dividing a coat into four or more 
quarters. .byparting,couping,&c. /Wrf.,Colombiere reckons 
twelve sorts of quarterings. 1893 CUSSANS Her. (ed. 3) 166 
Quartering, .was not generally adopted until the end of the 
Fourteenth Century. The manner in which various coats 
are brought in, and marshalled by Quartering [etc.]. 

b. pi. The various coats marshalled upon a 
shield ; rarely sing., one of these coats. 

1719 ASHMOLE Berkshire II. 214 A Surcoat .. of the 
Quarterings impaled with Fetiplace. 1763 C. JOHNSTON 
Reverie II. 55, I have nine quarterings more than he. 
1826 DISRAELI Viv. Grey vi. iv, He did nothing but .. 
think of the quarterings of his immaculate shield. 1879 
GEO. ELIOT Theo. Such ii. 42 Some of them.. belong to 
families with many quarterings. 

traxsf. 1833 MARRYAT P. Simple (1863) 229 The pride of 
colour is very great in the West Indies, and they have as 
many quarterings as a German prince in his coat of arms. 

3. The assigning of quarters to a person ; u 
action of taking up quarters ; t a place in which 
one is or may be quartered. 

1625 Br. MOUNTACU App. drsar xviii. 236 Heaven.. is not 
. so narrowed . . that there cannot bee divers Designations, 
RegioTis, Habitations, Mansions, or Quarterings there. 1747 
H. WALPOLE /,?. (1846111. 177 A motion for inquiring into 
useless places and quarterings. 

b. spec. The billeting of soldiers ; the fact of 
having soldiers quartered upon one ; the provision 
of quarters for soldiers. 

1646 SIR E. NICHOLAS in N. Papers (Camden) 68 Your 
Honours frendsatWinterborne are well, but much oppressed 
with quarteringe. 1667 Ormonde .l/.V.S". in icM Kef. Hist. 



QUARTERING. 

MSS. Conim. App. v. 58 Your petitioner was heretofore 
charged with the quartering of two private souldiers. 1705 
Lond.Gaz.'No. 4098/2 The Inhabitants. . much impoverished 
by the Quartering of Soldiers. 1867 SMILES Huguenots 
Eng. xii. (1880)205 In anticipation of the quartering of the 
dragoons on the family, his wife had gone into concealment. 

4. Build, a. The placing or using of quarters 
in construction, b. Work formed of quarters, c. 
Wood in the form, or of the size, of quarters. 

1703 T. N. City ff C. Purchaser 232 Quartering .. signifies 
the putting in of Quarters. Sometimes 'tis us'd to signifie 
the Quarters themselves. 1815 J. NICHOLSON Opcrat. 
Mechanic 580 The braces should be rated . . at a superior 
price to that of the quartering*. 1854 Jrnl. R. Agric. Soc. 
XV. 255 Farms, .built of quartering and weather boarding. 

5. Driving on the quarters of a road. 

1815 SCOTT PauTs Lett. (1839) 207 The French postilions 
..contrived, by dint of quartering and tugging, to drag us 
safe through. i8$ C. M. WESTMACOTT Eng. Spy 1. 313 No 
ruts or quarterings now. 

6. The moon's passage from one quarter to 
another ; also = QUARTER 8 b. 

1854 L. TOMLINSON tr. Arago's Astron. 67 Changes of 
weather are not more frequent at the moon s quarterings 
than at any other period. 1880 L. WALLACE Ben-llvr 234 
Before the new moon .. passes into its next quartering. 

7. attrib. and Comb., as quartering-block, -knife ; 
quartering-belt, a belt connecting pulleys which 
have their axles at right angles to each other 
(Knight Diet. Mech. 1875); quartering-hammer, 
a steel-hammer with which the rough masses of 
flint are shaped for flaking (ibid.") ; quartering- 
raachine, a machine for boring the wrist-pin 
holes in driving-wheels a quarter of a circle apart 
(ibid.} ; ) quarteriug-mouey, money paid in lieu 
of giving quarters to soldiers. 

1688 in 'WoAravHisi.Ch.Scot.(\T2i) 1.283 Exacting Cess 
or Quartering-money for more Soldiers' than were actually 
present. 1818 COBBETT Pol. Reg. XXXIII. 425 Why do 
they . . resort to gags, dungeons, halters, axes, and quartering- 
knives ? 1855 MACAULAY Hist. Eng. xii. HI. 218 Those who 
were doomed to the gallows and the quartering block. 

Quartering (kwg-jtarin),///. a. [f. QUARTER 
v. + -ING 2 .] That quarters, in senses of the vb. 

1591 SHAKS. i Hen. fl,n. ii. 11 You tempt the fury of my 
three attendants, Leane Famine, quartering Steele, and 
climbing Fire. 1692 Capt. Smith's Seaman 's Gram. I. xvi. 
76 The Ship goes Lasking, Quartering, Veering, or Large ; 
are terms of the same signification, viz. that she neither goes 
by a Wind nor before the Wind, but betwixt both. 1701-11 
Milit. fy Sea Diet. (ed. 4) 11, Quartering, is when a Gun lies 
so, and may be so travers'd, that it will shoot on the same 
Line, or Point of the Compass as the Quarter bears. 1765 
Museum Rusticum IV. 341 The track was just of a proper 
breadth for post-chaises and all quartering carriages to run 
in. 1769 FALCONER Diet. Marine (1789), Vent Largue, a 
large, or quartering wind. 1860 MAURY Phys. Geog. Sea 
(Low) xx. 815 Through the former [ocean] the wind is aft ; 
through the latter quartering. 1893 Times 13 June 12/1 
Sheets trimmed for a quartering breeze. 

t Quarteriza-tion. Obs. rare-". (See quot.) 
1717-41 CHAMBERS Cycl., Quartcrization, Quartering, 

part of the punishment of a traitor, by dividing his boay 

into four quarters. 

Quarter-jack. 

1. [JACK f*;i 6.] A jack of the clock which strikes 
the quarters. 

1604 MIDDLETON Father HubbanTs T. Wks. (Bullen) 
VIII. 54 The quarter-jacks in Paul's, that are up with 
their elbows four times an hour. 1771 [see JACK sb. 1 6], 
1874 T. HARDY Far fr. Mad. Crowd I. xvi. 190 A little 
canopy with a quarter-jack and small bell beneath it. 

2. QAf j^.7] A jack-boot cut down. 

iooy A. Sir Frantic the Reformer 75 His first born 
Long with these boots did's shanks adorn, Until . . He made 
them into quarter-jacks. 

Qua'rterland. A certain division of land in 
the Isle of Man, originally the fourth part of a 
treen or balla ; also the class of lands included in 
such divisions. 

Called ' Quarter of Land* in 1593 (Statutes 78) ; see also 
quarter-ground s.v. QUARTER so. 30. 

1645 Statutes Isle Man (1821) 107 Lands and Tenements 
in the said Island called Farme Lands or Quarter Lands. 
1798 J. FELTHAM Tour I si. Mann iv. 46 Divisions of land 
prevail here, termed Quarterlands. It is uncertain how 
they obtained the name. 1845 TRAIN Isle Man I. 51 For 
each four quarterlands he made a chapel. 1865 Notes <$- 
Queries Ser. 3 VIII. 310/2 Treens . . usually contain from 
three to four quarterlands. Ibid., Quarterlands, which are 
estates of inheritance, vary in size, and contain from 120 to 
140 acres. 1890 A. W. MOORE Surnames Isle Man 211 The 
lowlands about the church are still intack, not quarterland. 
1900 Hist. Isle Man II. vii. 873. 

Quarter-line. Naut. 

17 The position of ships in a column when each 
successive vessel has its bows abaft the beam of the 
one in front, and a little to one side. 

1875 BEDFORD Sailor's Pocket Si. i. (ed. 2) 22 A Column 
is said to be in Quarter Line when the ships are ranged in 
one line abaft each others' beam, but not right astern. 

2. a. A line from a vessel's quarter. 
_i88(5 R. C. LESLIE Sea.painter's Log vii. 146 The quarter- 
line is cast overboard. 

b. An additional line fastened to the underside of 
a seine to assist in drawing it in (Cent. Diet.}. 

Quarterly (kwg-jtsjli), a. and sb. Also 6 -be. 
[f. QUARTER sb. + -LY 1 .] A. adj. 

1. That takes place, is done, etc., every quarter 



32 

of a year ; relating to, or covering, a quarter of 
a year, f Quarterly waiter = QUARTER- WAITER. 

1563 in Maitl. Club Misc. (18331 3 2 Takand ilk quarter 
225o7. As the capitane of the said Gardis quarterlie ac- 
quittances proportis. 1688 MIEGK s. v., The quarterly Seasons 
of Devotion, called the Ember-weeks. 1717 BOVER Fr.- 
Angl. Diet. s. v. Quartier, Officicr lie Quartier,* quarterly 
Waiter. 1750 WESLEY Wks. (1872) 1 1. 205 We had a Quarterly 
Meeting. 1802 Miss EDGEWORTH Mitral T. (t8i6) I. xix. 
158 Quarterly and half-yearly payments. 1861 SALA Ship- 
chandler 37 Mine is a quarterly hiring, and my quarter is 
out to-morrow. 1885 Lalu Tints LXXIX. 191/1 The 
necessity of having a quarterly gaol delivery. 

trans/. 1694 W. HOLDER On Time\. 22 The Moon, .makes 
also four Quarterly Seasons within her little Year. 

2. Pertaining or relating to a quarter (in other 
senses). \Quarterly book: (see quot. 1776). 
Quarterly wind, a wind on the quarter. 

1769 FALCONER Diet. Marine (1789), Vtnt lie quartier, 
a quarterly, or quartering wind. 1776 JOHNSON Let. to 
Wethcrell 12 Mar. in Boswell II. 14 We must .. superadd 
what is called the quarterly-book, or for every hundred books 
so charged we must deliver an hundred and four. 1889 
Standard 16 Mar. 3/8 The wind. . was .. quarterly. 
B. sb. A quarterly review, magazine, etc. 

1855 in Hun. VIK .S';<///. 1871 BESANT& Vi\ce.Ready-tiioney 



on the table. 

Quarterly (kwgutaali), adv. (a., sl>.) [-LY 2.] 

1. Every quarter of a year ; once in a quarter. 
1458 in Sharp Cm. Myst. (1825) 208 To go with be wayts 

to gader their wages quarterly. 1519 Act 21 Hen. VIII 
c. 13 $ 28 Chaplains .. daily or quarterly attending. 1581 
MULCASTER Position! xii. (1887) 234 That there were no 
admission into schooles, but foure times in the yeare 
quarterly, a 1633 AUSTIN Meiiit. (1635) 254 They be Times 
that Quarterly bring us in Revenew for our temporal! 
profit. 171* ADDISON Spect. No. 295 P i She should have 
40 >/. a Year for Pin-money, which I obliged my self to pay 
Quarterly. 1878 JEVONS Prim. Pol. Econ. 53 Managers, 
officers, secretaries, and others, are paid quarterly, or sonic- 
times half-yearly. 

2. Her. In the four divisions of a shield formed 
by a vertical and a horizontal line drawn through 
the fess point ; usu. with reference to two tinctures, 
charges, or coats of arms, placed in the diagonally 
opposite quarters. 

c 1450 HOLLAND Howlat 591 He bare quarterly ..the armes 
of the Dowglass. 1515 LD. BERNERS Froiss. II. clxviii. 192 
He bare syluer and sables quarterly. 159* WYRLEY Armorie 
91 Sir Neal Loring, who fairly Arms put on Quarterly white 
and red. 1684 Lond, Gaz. No. 1952/4 The Arms of the said 
Count, being in an Eschutcheon Four Coats quarterly. 
1765 H. WALPOLE Otranto iii. (1798) 51 A banner with the 
arms of Vicenza and Otranto quarterly. 1824 SCOTT St. 
Ronan's xviii, A white lion for Mowbray, to be borne 
quarterly, with three stunted or scrog-bushes for Scrogie. 
1893 CUSSANS Her. (ed. 3) 168 Their daughter. . is entitled to 
bear both her Father's and her Mother's Arms quarterly. 

b. With ref. to the division of the shield into 
quarters, or to blazoning it by quarters. Quarterly- 
quartered, having one or more quarters divided 
in four ; so quarterly-quartering. 

1610 GUILLIM Heraldry v. i. (1611) 238 If they be charged, 
then I hold it best blazoned quarterly. 1705 HEARNE Col- 
lect. 2iDec.(O. H. S.)I. i36HisArms,quarte[r]lypartedper { 
Cross. 1709 STRYPE Ann. Ref. Introd. i. 8 This [shield] im- ' 
paled quarterly, i. The arms of Scotland. 2. The arms of 
England. The third as the second. The fourth as the first. 
1864 BOUTELL Her. Hist. $ Pop. iii. (ed. 3) 16 The Grand 
Quarters of which the first and the fourth . . are Quarterly- 
quartered. Ibid. xiv. 142 The Marshalling now proceeds by 
Quarterly Quartering, 

c. ellipt. as adj. >= divided quarterly, or (by 
extension) into any number of parts by lines at 
right angles to each other, as quarterly of eight ; 
also as sb. = a shield divided or charged quarterly. 

1869 W. S. Ems Antiq. Her. x. 228 Aubrey de Vere . . 
transmitted his . . coat of Quarterly to his descendants. 

d. Quarterly-pierced: (see quots.). 

1780 EDMONDSON Body Her., Gloss. II, Quarterly Pierced, 
is used to express a square hole in a saltire, a cross millrine, 
&c. through which aperture the field is seen. 1893 CUSSANS 
Her. (ed. 3) 63 If. . that part where the limbs (of the cross] are 
conjoined be removed, it is termed Quarterly-pierced. 

t 3. a. Into four parts, b. At four equidistant 
points on a circle, c. Through each quarter of 
a town. Obs. rare. 

a. 1576 GASCOICNE Philomene (Arb.) 107 They tore in peces 
quarterly The corps, b. 1605 CAMDEN Rem. (1637) 167 A 
Wing with these foure Letters, F. E. L. D. quarterly about it. 
c. a 1670 SPALDING Trout. (1828) I. 199 The baillies went 
quarterly about, to cause ilk inhabitant snbscrive. 

Qua-rternian. 

fl. ? One of the quarter-guard. Obs. rare- 1 . 

1599 in Harington's Nugae Antigu3e(eA. Park 1804) I. 274 
The deathes of our captaines were revenged by our quarter- 
men_ and scoutemen, who . . slewe 7 of the rebells, whiche 
assaied to force the quarter. 

2. A foreman-shipwright. 

1793 SMEATON Edystone L. 62 That species of foreman 
shipwright, called a Quarter-man in Plymouth dock. 1803 
R. PERING in Naval Chron. XV. 155 The quartermen . . give 
an account of the work performed to the job office. Ibid. 
157 Quartermen of shipwrights and caulkers., have appren- 
tices. 1861 SMILES Engineers II. 30 [He] was then a fore- 
man of shipwrights, called a quarterman, in Plymouth Dock. 

Quartermaster (kwg-jtajma^stai). [In sense I 
npp. from QUARTER M 16 ; sense 2 (from QUARTER 
sl>. 15) is app. the original meaning of F. quartier- 



QTJARTERN. 

maitre, Du. kwartier-meester, G. quartier-meister, 
etc., and may have been adopted from one or 
other of these languages.] 

1. JVatil. A petty officer who attends to the 
steering of the ship, the binnacle, signals, stowing 
of the hold, etc. 

1442 Rolls^ Parlt. V. 60/1 The Maisters of the Shippes, 
Quarter Maisters, Shipmen and Soudeours. 1509 BARCLAY 
Shyp of Folys (1570) rr iij, Purser and Captayne, Quarter 
master, Lodesman. 1549 Compl. Scot. vi. 41 Euery quartar 
master til his auen quartar. 1626 CAPT. SMITH Accid. Yng. 
Seamen 5 The quarter^ Maisters hath the charge of the hold 
for stowage, rommageing, and trimming the shippe ; and of 
their squadrons for their watch. 1643 Decliir. Commons, 
Reb. Irel. 50 He is one of the Quarter -masters of the Dun- 
kirke Frigot. 1708 Royal Proclam. 20 May in Lond. Gaz. 
No. 4440/1 The Midshipmen, . . Quarter-Master, Quarter- 
Masters Mates,, .and Serjeants of Marines. 1836 MARRVAT 
Midsh. Easy xxvi, Up with the helm, quarter-master. 
b. transf. Steering-gear. 

i88j Standard 26 Dec. 2/2 She will have a brigantine rig, 
. . and [be] steered by a steam ' quartermaster '. 1899 F. T. 
BULLEN Way Nary 37 Like everything else in this giant 
vessel, the steam quartermaster is on an immense scale. 

2. Mil. An officer, ranking as lieutenant, attached 
to each regiment, with the duties of providing 
quarters for the soldiers, laying out the camp, and 
looking after the rations, ammunition and other 
supplies of the regiment. 

1600 DYMMOK Ireland (1843) 33 The small losse we sus- 
teyned . . was multiplied upon the rebell by our quarter and 
skoutmasters. a 1653 GOUGE Conim. Heb. vi. 18 A quarter- 
master, who goeth Ijefore hand to prepare quarters for 
souldiers. 1711 DE FOE Mem. Cavafier (1840) 97 The king 
. .made him a quarter-master to a troop of Cuirassiers. 1803 
WELLINGTON Let. to Col. Stevenson 16 Sept. in Gurw. Desp. 
(1837) II. 308, I rather believe that your Quarter Masters 
have 1000 bullocks for each regiment. 1893 FORBES- 
MITCHELL Remin. Gt. Mutiny 150 Our quartermaster 
divided among us a lot of shirts and underclothing. 

b. Quartermaster-general, a staff-officer who 
is chief of the department exercising control over 
all matters relating to the quartering, encamping, 
marching and equipment of troops. 

1701 Lond. Gaz. No. 3732/1 The said Quartermaster- 
General and Adjutant-General Baron Riedt were sent out 
to view the Ground. 1813 WELLINGTON Let. to Sir G. 
Cnllier 19 Aug. in Gurw. Desp. (1838) XL 15, I enclose a 
letter to the Quarter Master General directing that the 
Infantry now in the horse ships at Bilbao may be removed. 
1876 BANCROFT Hist. U. S. V. xliv. 35 Mifflin, who in August 
had been appointed quartermaster-general. 

C. Quartermaster-sergeant, a non-commis- 
sioned officer, ranking as a staff-sergeant, who 
assists the quartermaster in his duties. 

1869 E. A. PARKES Pract. Hygiene (ed. 3} 309 The Serjeant- 
major and Quarter-master -Serjeant are entitled to two rooms 
and a kitchen. 

t 3. One who shares authority with another to the 
extent of a fourth. Obs. 

Prob. transf. from sense i, with pun on quarter =: one 
fourth ; cf. QUARTER sb. 27 d. 

1550 LATIMER Last Serm. bef. Ediv, VI in They do it, 
because they will be quarter maister with their husbandes : 
Quarter maister ? nay halfe maisters: yea some of them will 
be whole maisters. 1617 COLLINS Def. Bp. Ely i. i. 7 Dis- 
cerne you no better betweene Popes and Councels, which 
are the Church in effect ? or shall these play quarter- 
masters with the Pope ? 1685 R. BURTON Eng. Emp. Amer. 
ii. 28 The English Nation . . might have made themselves 
Quarter-Masters, at least with the Spaniards. 

1 4. A gild-official, having charge of the gilds- 
men in a quarter of the town. Obs. 

1646 in G. Tate Alnwick II. xvii. 338 It is agreed that 
none of the wood shall be sould but with the consent of the 
four quartermaisters. [1868-90. TATE. ^/w*V II. xvii. 338 
Wood and bark were therefore bought for the whole com- 
pany, by officers called quartermasters, who allotted to each 
tanner a proportional share of every purchase.] 

Hence Qua-rterma ster v., to perform the 
duties of a quartermaster (hence quartermastering 
vbl. sb.) ; Qtiartermasterlveness, the qualities 
of a quartermaster (nonce-ivd.) ; Quartermaster- 
ship, the office of quartermaster (so also Quarter- 
masler-generalsh ip\ 

1745 Obscrv. Cone. Navy 44 Sales of Ensignships, Adjutan- 
cies, Quarter-Master-ships, &c. 1824 M c CuLLOCH Scotland I. 
370 His organ of quarter-masteriveness must have been woe- 
fully in arrear. l86a Times 8 Jan. 8/6 Questions of massing, 
manoeuvring, or quartermastering. 1870 Daily News 3 Nov., 
The quartermastership..of the district around Metz. 1876 
BANCROFT Hist. U. S. VI. Index 553 [Greene] resigns [the] 
quartermaster-generalship abruptly. 

f Quartern, sb. 1 Obs. Forms: i cweartern, 
-en, owert-, cwiertern, 1-2 owart-, quartern, 
3 cwarrt-, quarrterrne, cwart- , quarter ne. 
[Of obscure origin, poss. an alteration of OE. 
carciern, carcern, ad. L. career.] A prison. 

C975 Rush. Gosp. Matt. xxv. 39 Hwonne we be sefcun 
untrymne obSe in quartern ? c 1000 J^ELFRIC Exod. xl. 3 pa 
dyde hix man on cweartern . . and Jses cwearternes hirde 
betxhte hrg losepe. c 1154 O. E. Chron. an. 1137 Hi dyden 
heom in quarterne. c laoo ORMIN 6168 Himm patt i cwarr- 
terrne tip Forrbundenn. Ibid. 18187 Inntill quarrterrne 
worrpenn. c 1205 [see QuALE 1 b]. a 1225 Leg. Kath. 670 
AI be cwarterne of his cume leitede o leie. 

Quartern. (kwutain), sb.'* Forms : 3-7 
quartron, (4 -run, -roun, -eroun, quaterone, 
6 -eren), 5-7 quarteron, (5 -eren, -rone), 6-7 
quarterne, ^7 coterne), 7-9 Ir. cartron, 9 quar- 



QUARTER-PIECE. 

tan, dial wartern, 6- quartern, [a. AF. quar- 
fritti, OF. q^^art(e}ron, guat(ti)ron t used in most 
of the senses of the E. word (see Godef.) f. quart (e, 
fourth, fourth part.] 

1. A quarter <?/" anything. Obs. exc. dial. 

c 1*90 S. Eng. Leg. I. 476/510 With-inne a quariron of Je 
acre buy comen to Marcilie. < 1440 Anc. Cookery in 
Housek. Ord. (1790) 455 A quarirone of a pounde of pynes. 
1547 BOORIIK Brez'. Health 20 Take of . . greate reasons, .a 
quartron of a pounde. 1587 HARRISON England \\. vi. 
(1877) i. 159 She addeth .. halfe a quarterne of an ounce of 
balberries. 1607 TOPSELL Four-/. Beasts (1658) 287 Take of 
Hony a quartern of a pinte. 1647 Will of John Clarke of 
Scawthorpe (N. W. Line. Gloss.), Three quatrans of one 
oxgange of land, a 1796 in PEGGK Derhicisms. 1877 N. W. 
Line. Gloss., Quartern^ a quarter of anything. 

f 2. tllipt. A quarter of something (esp. a weight 
or measure) already specified. Obs. Cf. 3. 

136* LAHGL. P. PI. A. v. 131 The pound that heo peysede 
by peisede a quartrun [t>.r. quarteroun] more then myn 
auncel dude, c 1400 MAUNDEV. (1839) xxx. 301 There is not 
the Mone seyn in alle the Lunacioun, saf only the seconde 
quarteroun. 1480 Wardr. Ace. Edw. /K (1830) 130 Sylk 
j Ib. an unce and j quarteron. 1496 Naval Ace. Hen. VII 
(1896) 174 A Chalder and a quarteron of Smythes Coles. 
1613 Althorp MS. in Simpkinson The Washingtons (1860) 
App. 42, 2 barrells of neates tongues weight 100 and a coterne. 
Ibid. 45 For 3 pintes wanting di. a coterne of aquavita. 1653 
URQUHART Rabelais \\. xxix. 187 Weighing nine thousand 
seven hundred kintals and two quarterons. 

3. A quarter of various weights and measures. 

a. of a pound. Now rare. b. of an ounce. C. of a 
chalder, hundredweight, etc. Now only dial, fd- = 
QUARTER 43. e. of a stone or peck. \t. of some measure 
of land ; in Ireland QUARTER 7 c, or the fourth part of 
this. g. of a pint. 

a. [13*6 Durham Ace. Rolls (Surtees) 15 In uno quar- 
teroun croci, i6i<] c 1400 Master oj 'Game xil. (MS. Digby 
182), Take ye vi poundes of hony, and a quartron of vert- 
grece. ci^ytMJS. Med. Bk, (Heinrich) 173 Tak pre quar- 
terons of clene rosyn, & a quateron of good perrosyn, & half 
a pounde of good oile de olyue. 1520 WHITINTON Vulg. 
(1527) 12 b. Bye me a halfe pounde of saffron, a quarteren of 
cynamon. 1754-6 Connoisseur No. 76 At every petty 
Chandler's shop in town, while the half quarterns of tea are 
weighed out. 1836-9 DICKENS Sk. Boz, Tales iv, He dis- 
pensed tea and coffee by the quartern, retailed sugar by the 
ounce. 1878 Cumbld. Gloss. Suppl., Quartern^ a quarter of 
a pound of flax ready for being spun. 

b. 1607 T. COCKS Diary (1901) 5/6 Paide for a quartern 
of sylke 4^. 1862 MRS. H. WOOD Mrs. Hallib. (1864) II. 
viii. 193 That surly old foreman says. .'What d'ye leave for 
silk?. .There's two quarterns down '. 

G. 1497 Naval A cc. Hen. VII (1896) 230, iiij quarterons 
salte. 1590 RECORDE, etc. Gr. Arts (1646) 134 There bee 
greater weights, which are called a hundred, halfe a hun- 
dred, and a quarterne, and also a halfe quarterne. 1883 
Almondb, <$ Huddersf. Gloss., Wartern, i.e. a quartern, a 
weight of woolen warp which is, when complete, twenty-four 
or twenty-five pounds. 

d. 1583 in Collect. (O. H. S.) I. 234, 53 quarterns, 3 
bushelts of malt. 

6. 1836-9 DICKENS^. Boz, Tales\v^ Applicants for.. half- 
quarterns of bread. 

f. 1679 BLOUNT/}C. Tenures 3 Each [bondman] held one 
Messuage, and one Quartron of Land. 1683 J. KEOGK 
Ace. Roscommon in O'Donovan Tribes Hy.Fiachraich 
(1844) 454 The lands here are generally set and let. .by the 
name of quarters, cartrons, and gnieves, a quarter being the 
fourth part of a townland . . and a cartron . . the fourth part 
of a quarter. 1883 [see QUARTER 7 c]. 

(t. 1706 PHILLIPS (ed. Kersey), Quartern, a sort of 
Measure, the fourth part of a Pint. 1762 SMOLLETT Launce- 
lot Greaves (1703) II. xvii. 90 The waiter .. returned with 
a quartern of brandy. 1835 MARRVAT Jac. Faithf. xxii. 
There is my mother with a quartern of gin before her. 
1839 CARLYLE Chartism iv. 132 Liquid Madness [Gin] sold 
at ten-pence the quartern. 

f4. A quarter of a hundred; twenty-five. Quar- 
tern-book', (see quot. 1584). Obs. 

1471-3 Rolls Parlt. VI. 37/2 Item, C of Milwell and 
Lyng drye ; Item, a quartern of Mersaunte Lyng. 1561 
AwDBLAV Frat. Vacab. 12 The xxv orders of Knaves, other- 
wise called a quarterne of Knaves. i^StarChamb. Decree 
(1863) 15 Any Stationer that shall bye a quarterne at ones or 
more ; which quartern is xxv bokes, in which case the byer 
hath alwaie a quarterne boke given him freely, that is to 
sale, one boke for everie xxv that he byeth. 1630 J. TAYLOR 
(Water P.) T.'s Water -worke Ded., A Quarterne of new- 
catcht Epigrams caught the last Fishing-tide. 1650 TRAPP 
Comm. Deut. xvii. 4 The Catholikes follow the Bible (saith 
Hill, in his quartern of Reasons). 

5. A quarter of a sheet of paper. 

1821 SOUTHEY Lett. (1856) III. 249 During the last year. . 
at Westminster, one imposition served me : . . it lasted till 
the appearance of the quartan might have betrayed its 
history. 1874 DASENT Half^ a Life 232 This message, 
written on a ' quartern \ that is, on a quarter of a sheet of 
ruled paper, on which we wrote our exercises. 

6. A quartern-loaf. 

1844 DICKENS Mart. Chuz. viii, That., loaf which is known 
to housekeepers as a slack-baked crummy quartern. 

7. C0/.,as fquartern-book (see 4); quartern- 
loaf, a loaf made of a quartern of flour, a four- 
pound loaf; f quartern -wind, a quarter-wind. 

1592 GRKENE Disfnt. i Thinke you a quarterne winde 
cannot make a quicke saile. iSis Examiner 24 Aug. 531/1 
1 he price of the Quartern Loaf still continues at i*. 8^. 
1887 JKSSOPP Arcaify vi. 176 Ben has been seen to eat two 
quartern loaves at a sitting. 

tQuartern(e a. t erron. forms of QUARTAN, 
through assimilation to prec. 06s. 

1548 HOOPER Ten Comntandm. ix. Wks. (Parker Soc.) 373 
Those, .that bid the pestilence, the fever quartern,, .or such 
other execrations. 1588 J. READ Com fiend. Meth. 64 \\ The 
dropsie, quarterne fluxes and strangurie. 

VOL. VIII. 



33 

Quarteron, -oon, variants of QUADROON. 
Quarter-piece. 

fl. A quarter of a standard coin. Obs. rare 1 . 

1650 FULLER Pisgah \. xii. 38 Some English coines, being 
quarter-peices, cannot be put away in payment without loss, 
except four of them be joyned together. 

2. Naut. f a. A piece of ordnance placed on the 
quarter of a vessel. Obs. rare" 1 . 

1626 CAPT. SMITH Accid. yng. Sea-men 31 The peeces 
in the prow,, .in the sterne, the quarter peeces [etc.]. 

b. (See quots.) 

1711 W. SUTHERLAND Shipbuild. Assist. 162 Quarter- 
pieces ; large carved Pieces fixed to terminate the Quarter 
with the Stern. 1769 FALCONER Diet. Marine (1780) G g, 
The quarter-pieces, which limit and form the outlines of the 
stern. 1797 Encycl.Brit, XVII. 4o8/zThetaflfarel and quarter 
pieces, which terminate the ship abaft, the former above 
and the latter on each side. 1846 A. VOUNG Newt. Diet. 
243 If there be a quarter-gallery, the quarter-piece forms its 
after end. 

C. * Projections beyond the quarters of a ship for 
additional cabin accommodation* (Cent. Diet.'). 

f3. =QUARTER 19 and 20 c. Obs. rare* . 

1688 MIEGE Grt. Fr. Diet, n, Quarter-piece, quartier. The 
two Quarter-pieces of a Shoe. 1736 AINSWORTH Lat.Dict.^ 
A double quarter piece, trabs crassior. 

Quarter- sessions. [QUARTER sb. 8 a.] 

1. In England and Ireland : A court of limited 
criminal and civil jurisdiction, and of appeal, held 
quarterly by the justices of peace in the counties (in 
Ireland by county-court judges), and by the recorder 
in boroughs. 

1577 HARRISON Englana n. iv. (1877) i. 100 They haue 
finalhe their quarter sessions, wherein they are assisted by 
the justices and gentlemen of the countrie. 1660 R. COKE 
Power ff Subj. 233 Justices of Peace in their Quarter- 
sessions, have power to hear and determine the offences 
aforesaid. 1711 ADDISON Spect. No. 122 F 4 There is not 
one in the Town where he lives that he has not sued at 
a Quarter- Sessions. 1844 Lp. BROUGHAM Brit. Const, xi.v. 
6 (1862) 375 Much of the criminal business of England is 
transacted by the quarter-sessions. 1901 L, COURTNEY 
Working Const. U.K. n. 248 Prisoners apprehended under 
charge of crime are . , committed for trial at the Assizes or 
Quarter Sessions. 

attrib. 1847 TENNYSON Princ. Concl. 90 A quarter-sessions 
chairman, abler none. 

2. In Scotland: A court of review and appeal 
held quarterly by the Justices of the Peace on days 
appointed by statute (1661). 

1661 Sc. Acts Part. c,xxxvni.(i6B*), The Justices of Peace 
. .shall appoint at the Quarter Sessions, .the ordinary Hire 
and Wages of Labourers. 1679 in Wodrow Hist. Ch. Scot. 
(1722) II. 17 With Power, .to call the remanent Justices of 
Peace to the Quarter-sessions. 1773 J. ERSKINE Inst. Laws 
Scot. i. iv. 6p Constables . . are appointed by them in their 
quarter-sessions. 1898 Green's Encycl. Laiv Scot. VII. 268 
A judgment in Quarter Sessions cannot be reviewed by a 
later Quarter Sessions. 

Qua rterstaff. 1. A stout pole, from six to 
eight feet long and tipped with iron, formerly used 
as a weapon by the English peasantry. 

The exact sense of quarter is not clear : quot. 1589 sug- 
gests that the staff may have been made from a tree of a 
certain size cleft in four; cf. QUARTER-CLEFT B. i. 

<' 



.. 

a stout frere I met, And a quarter-staffe in his hande. 1589 
R. HARVEY PI. Perc. (1860) 3 Plodding through Aldersgate, 
all armed as I was, with a quarter Ashe staffe on my 
shoulder. (.1626 Dick of Devon iv. iiL in Bullen Old PI. 
II. 81 My owne Country weapon. What? A Quarter 
staffe. i7oo DRYDEN Cymon <$ iph. 82 His quarter-staff . . 
Hung half before and half behind his back. 1725 DE FOE 
Voy. round World ^1840) 121 A cane abobt eight foot long 
and an inch and a half in diameter much like a quarter- 
staff. 1821 SCOTT Kenil'w. xxv, Their rude drivers, .began 
to debate precedence with their waggon-whips and quarter- 
staves. 1887 BESANT The World went xv. 128 [He] took 
the quarterstaff, . . poised it in his hands, and turned a smiling 
face to his adversary. 

attrib. 1890 Daily News 19 June 6/4 Dumb-bell and 
quarter-staff drill. 

2. Fighting or exercise with the quarterstaff. 

171* ARBUTHNOT John Bulli, ii, He had acquir'd immense 
Riches, which he used to squander away at Back-Sword, 
Quarter-Staff, and Cudgell-Play. 1775 SHERIDAN Rzvalsiv. 
i, If you wanted a bout at boxing, quarter staff, or short- 
staff. 1849 MACAULAY Hist. Eng. ii. I. 252 He . . wrestled, 
played at quarterstaff, and won footraces. 

Hence Qua'rter staff v., to beat with a quarter- 
staff. 

1709 STEELE Tatler No, 31 p 5, 400 Senators . . thought it 
an Honour to be cudgelled and quarterstaffed. 

Quarter- tense, corrupt f. 



, 

1869 T. ARNOLD in Wyclifs SeL Wks. I. 377 'Quatuor 
Tempora \ or, as it is called in Ireland, Quarter Tense. 

T Qua*rterth. y a. Obs. [f. QUARTER sb. + -TH.] 
Fourth (part). 

1658 Capet sRem. To Rdr., His recipees amounted not to 
the half nor quarterth part of a common Apothecaries Bill. 

Quarter-waiter. [QUARTER sb. 8 a.] One 
belonging to the lower class of Gentlemen-Ushers, 
who remained in waiting for a quarter of a year. 

a 1522 in Rutland Papers (Camd.) 102 Gentilmen ushers 
quarter wayters. c 1600 SIR J. DAVIES Dialogue (Tanner MS. 
79 If. 15), Gentleman Usher. I should know something that 
havebeene a quarter-wayter these 15 yeares. 1610 Househ, 
Ord. (1790) 338 The gentlemen ushers, daily waiters, and 
quarter waiters. 1656 FINETT For. Ambass.^z^ They gave 
to the hand of a Gentleman Usher Quarter-waiter 10 mew. 
1731 Gcntl. Mag. I. 126 One of the .. Quarter-waiters in 
ordinary to his Majesty. 



QUARTILE. 

Quarter-wind, a. A wind blowing on a 
vessel's quarter, f b. A wind from one of the car- 
dinal points. Obs. 

a. IS9I PERCIVALL Sf. Diet., Aorfa, with a quarter winde. 
1627 CAI-T. SMITH Seaman's^ Gram. vii. 32 Few ships will 
steare vpon quarter winds with one saile. 1692 Ibid. i. xvi. 
80 Quarter Winds, are when the Wind comes in abaft the 
main-mast-shrouds even with the Quarter. 1727-41 CHAM- 
BERS Cycl. s.v., The quarter-wind is the best of all winds, 
as bearing into all the sails. 1846 A. YOUNG Nattt. Diet. 243. 

b. 1598 FLORIO, Quarta, . . a quarter winde of the com- 
passe. 

f Quartessen.ee. Obs. rare 1 , [f. L. quarto. 
fourth, after QUINTESSENCE.] An essence one 
degree less pure than a quintessence. 

1605 TIMME Quersit. \. xi. 48 It is called a quintessence, 
but more truly and properly a quartessence. 

Quartet, quartette (kwgate-t). Also 9 -tett. 
[a. F. quartette, ad. It. qitartetto : see next.] 

1. Mus. A composition for four voices or instru- 
ments, esp. one for four stringed instruments. 

1790 COLERIDGE Inside the Coach, We snore quartettes in 
ecstasy of nose. 1845 E. HOLMES Mozart 245 A single 
quartet for stringed instruments. i867MACFARREN7/arw<wy 
i. 14 Beethoven's Quartet in A, &c. attrib. 1872 BROWNING 
Fijine cxvi, Inspect this quartett-score t 

fig. 1838 DICKENS 0. Twist xxxix, A quartette of 'Shame- 
ful! ' with which the Dianas concluded. 

2. a. Mus. A set of four singers or players who 
render a quartet, b. transf. A set of iour persons. 

1814 SIR R. WILSON Priv. Diaty II. 304 We are a quartett 
of miserables. 1849 THACKERAY Penaennis I. 204 The 
parties are arranged in messes of four, each of which 
quartets has its piece of beef. 1876 GEO. ELIOT Dan. Der. n. 
xv, When the quartette of gentlemen . . met on the terrace. 

3. A set of four things ; e. g., of lines in a sonnet, 
of runs at cricket, etc. 

1837-9 HALLAM Hist. Lit. II. n. v. 44. 208 The first lines 
or quartets of the sonnet excite a soft expectation, which is 
harmoniously filled by the tercets, or last six lines. 1882 
Daily Tel. 17 May, Shaw, letting out at that bowler's next 
delivery, drove it to the boundary for a quartette. 1889 
GROVE Diet. Mus. IV. 341 A glass case containing two 
quartets of stringed instruments. 

II Quartette (kwgite-to). ? Obs. [a. It. quar- 
tetto, i. quarto fourth : see prec.] 

1. Mus. = QUARTET i. 

1775 in ASH Snppl. 1789 BURNEY Hist. Mus. III. Introd. 9 
In 1752, Quantz classed Quartettes at the head of Instru- 
mental Music. 1806-7 J- BERESFORD Miseries Hum. Life 
(1826) xvi. ii. 89 Playing the solo part for the flute in a 
quartette. 1835 L. RITCHIE Wand, by Seine 201 Every 
song was at least a quartetto. 

2. =QUABTET 2 and 3. 

1790 COWPER Lett. Wks. 1836 VI. 340 Wishing much 
that you could change our trio into a quartetto. 1807 SIR 
R. C. HOARE Tour Irel. 235 Potatoes, oats, flax, and bog, 
the almost inseparable quartetto. 1819 T. HOPE A nastasius 
III. xiv. (1820) 362 The quartetto.. consisted of a poet, a 
scene-painter, a musical composer and a ballet-master. 

attrib. 1842 MRS. BROWNING Grk. Chr. Poets 173 A large 
soul . . containing sundry Queen Anne's men, one within 
another, like quartetto tables. 

[Quarteus, an error for CERCEAUS, q.v. 

1340 Ayenb. 159 Yef |>e onderstondinge . . wybwent ayen 
ase deb f>e quarteus, al be inwyt ssel by byestre.] 

Quarteyn, obs. form of QUAKTAN. 

Qua'rtful, sb. rare. [f. QUART sb. z + -FUL.] 
As much as a quart-vessel will hold. 

1745 SWIFT Direct, to Servants Wks. (1869) 571/1 Carry 
two quartsful [of ale] to the stable. 

t Qua'rtfnl, a. Obs. Also 5 qwar(t)-, quar- 
fulle, quarty-, 5-6 whart-. [f. QUART s/>. 1 + 
-FUL.] Sound, healthy ; safe, prosperous. 

c 1460 Towneley Myst. vi. 29 Whartfull shall I make thi 
gate, I shal the help erly and late. 1483 Cath. Angl. 206/2 
Quartyfulle (A . Qwartfulle), compos, prosper, sospes. Ibid. 
297/1 To make Quarfulle, prosperare. 1530 Test. Ebor. 
(Surtees) V. 290 Whartfull the mynd, and compleit in 
remembrance. 1337 Will of Agnes Bell (Somerset Ho.), 
Heyll and quartfufi in mynde. 

Hence f Quar(t)fulness, health, prosperity. Obs. 

1483 Cath. Angl. 297/1 A Quarfullnes, prosperitas. 

Quartic (kwgutik), a. and sb. Math. [f. L. 
quart-us fourth + -1C.] a. adj. Of the fourth 
degree, b. sb. A quantic, curve, or surface of the 
fourth degree. 

1856 CAYLEY Wks. (1889) II. 263 We have for the quartic 
the following irreducible covariants, viz. the quartic itself 
U [etc.]. 1885 SALMON Mod. Higher A Igebra 345 Sylvester 
proved that every invariant of a quartic is a rational function 
of i' and T. 

Quartier, variant of QUARTEEB. 

Qnartile (kwg-Jtil) , a. and sb. Astr. and Astral. 
[ad. med.L. qtiartilis, f. quartus fourth : cf. quin- 
tile, sextile.] 

A. adj. Quartile aspect, the aspect of two 
heavenly bodies which are 90 distant from each 
other. (Cf. QUADRATE a. 2.) t). Connected with, 
relating to, a quartile aspect. 

1585 LUPTON Thous. Notable Th. vm. 43 (1660) 201 If 
the Aspect be .. by a Quartile or Opposite Aspect, he shall 
get it with tediousness. 1647 LILLY Chr. Astral, i. 26 When 
two Planets are ninety degrees distant one from another, 
wee call that Aspect a Quartile Aspect, and write it thus, p. 
1768 SMEATON in Phil. Trans. LV1II. 166 If the quartile 
observations are made when the planets are considerably to 
the east or west of the meridian. 1856 R. A. VAUGHAN 
Mystics (1860) II. 51 To think that he must toil in obscurity 
like a gnome, calculating aspects, sextite and quartile. 

6 



QUARTINE. 

B. sb. A quartile aspect ; a quadrature. 

1509 HAWF.S Past. Pleas, xxxvi. (Percy Soc.) 188 When 
fyve oodies above on the heaven Wente retrogarde . . With 
divers quartils. 1621 BURTON Anal. Mel. I. i. i. i, The 
Heauens threaten vs with their, .oppositions, quartiles, and 
such vnfriendly aspects. 1686 GOAD Celest. Bodies I. vi. 22 
The Full Moon, the Interlunia, and the Quartiles. 1768 
SMEATON in Phil. 7'rans. LVIII. 163 Let the place of Mars 
be observed when the Moon is nearest her quartile with 
Mars. 1839 BAILEY Festus ix. (1852) 121 Your partite 
quartiles, and your plastic trines, And all your Heavenly 
houses and effects. 

Quartine (kwg-Jtsin). rare. [f. L. quarl-us 
fourth + -INE* and 6.] 

1. Bat. Mirbel's name for a fourth integument 
supposed by him to occur in some ovules. 

1831 LINDLEY Introd. But. 158 [Quoting Mirbel], I have 
only discovered the quartine in ovula of which the tercine 
is incorporated at an early period with the secondine. 

2. Chem. (See qnot.) 

1873 RALFE Phys. Chem. p. xviii, Triads. Glycerin 
Series. Quartine or Crotonylene Ci He. 

Quartinva-riant. Math. [f. as prec. + IN- 
VARIANT. J An invariant of the fourth degree. 

1884 W. R. W. ROBERTS in Hermathena X. 182 The 
evectants of the quavtinvariants of the quantics. 1885 
SALMON Mod. Higher Algebra Index, Quartinvariant of 
odd quantic. 

t Quartle, a. Obs. rare. [a. OF. quartet, 
pa. pple. of quart-, carteler to quarter.] Quartered. 

1430 Liber Cocontm (1862) 37 Take fyggus quartle, and 
raysyns, tho Hole dates, almondes. 4:1440 Prontp. Parv. 
419/2 Quartle (S. quarteryd), quadripartite*. 

So t ftuartled, Her. quartered. Obs. 

1480 CAXTON Chron. Eng. 'ccxxv. 231 The kynges armes of 
fraunce quartled with the armes of englond. 

Quart-major : see QUART sb? t. 

Quarto (kwg-Jto). Also written 410, 4. [L. 
(in) quarto, (in) the fourth (of a sheet), abl. sing, 
of quartm fourth.] 

1. The size of paper obtained by folding a whole 
sheet twice, so as to form four leaves, in which as 
a rule the height is not markedly in excess of the 
breadth. Orig. and chiefly in phr. in quarto. 

Quarto-sizes range from 15X11 inches (.imperial quarto) 
to 7 J X 6J (pot quarto), according to the size of the original 
sheet. 

1589 Pappe w. Hatchet B iij, All his works bound close, 
ate at least sixe sheetes in quarto. 1633 PKYNNE Histrio-m. 
To Chr. Rdr., Some Play-books . . are growne from Quarto 
into Folio. 1679 [see FOLIO 5]. 1710 Loml. Gaz. No. 5851/4 
Sets of his Homer in . . large or small Paper, or Quarto 
Royal may be had. 1793 BOSWKLL Johnson Pref. 2nd ed., 
These I have ordered to be printed separately in quarto. 
1837-9 HALLAM Hist. Lit. I. i. iii. 148. 250 The Psalter of 
t457 and the Donatus of the same year, are in quarto. 1898 
S. LEE Life Shaks. xix. (ed. 3) 299 In 1616 there had been 
printed in quarto seven editions of his ' Venus and Adonis '. 

atlrib. 1868 BROWNING Ring $ Bk. i. 85 Small-quarto 
size, part print part manuscript. 

fig, 1640. GLAPTHORNE Wit in Constable n. Wks. 1874 I. 
195 The rest were made But fooles in Quarto, but I finde 
myselfe An asse in Folio. 

2. A book composed of paper in this form ; a 
quarto-volume. 

1641 FULLER Holy f, Prof. Si. ill. xxv. 228 Those which 
they bought in Folio shrink quickly into Quarto's. 17*8 
POPE Dune. i. 141 Quarto's, octavo's, shape the less'ning 
pyre. 1769 Junius Lett. xx. 90 The form and magnitude 
of a quarto imposes upon the mind. 1839 YEOWELL Anc. 
Brit. Ch. Pref. (1847) 7 His writings, .contain more matter 
than would be comprised in twenty modern quartos. 1898 
S. LEE LifeShaks. xix. (ed. 3) 301 These sixteen quartos were 
publishers' ventures. 

Comb. 1814 COLERIDGE Lett. (1895) 11.638 Of all scribblers 
these agricultural quarto-mongers are the vilest. 

3. attrib. or as adj. Of paper : Folded so as to 
form four leaves out of the original sheet ; having 
the size or shape of a quarter-sheet. Of books : 
Printed on paper thus folded or having this form. 
Of works : Published in quarto. 

1633 PRYNNE Histrio-m. To Chr. Rdr. i b, Farre better 
paper than most Octavo or Quarto Bibles, a 1658 CLEVE- 
LAND lyks, (1687) 248 Where others go before In Quarto 
Pages. 1711 HEARNE CVttvtf. (O. H.SOIII. 131 These verses 
I have transcrib'd in a Q<. paper. . . He has also lent me a 
Quarto Vol. 1789 DK. LEEDS Polit. Mem. (1884) 137 It con- 
sisted of three sheets of Quarto Paper. 1807 Life Ficlding'm 
Tom Jones, Every thing . . in the London quarto edition . . 
is included in this new edition. 1821 BYRON Juan in. I 
Ixxxvi, He would write.. a six canto quarto tale. 

Quartodeciman (kw^itode-siman), si. and a. 
Also 7 -decuman, [ad. med.L. quarta-, quarto- 
deciman-us, f. qtiartus decimus fourteenth.] 

A. si. One of those early Christians who cele- 
brated Easter on the day of the Jewish Passover (the 
I4th of Nizan), whether this was a Sunday or not. 

The practice (chiefly observed in Proconsular Asia) was 
condemned by the Council of Nice, A. D. 325. 

1614 DARCIB Birth of Heresies viii. 31 The Phrygian 
Montanists condemne the Quartodecumans. 1641 HALES 
Schism 7 Why might not it be lawful . . to celebrate Easter 
with the Quartodeciman. 1709 J. JOHNSON Clergym. Vade 
M. it. p. cxv, When Austin came first to this island, the 
Christians he found here were Quartodecimans. 1833 J. H. 
NEWMAN A Hans i. i. (1876) 13. 1883 P. SCHAFF Hist.Chnrch 
1 1 . xit. Ixxxiii. 706 There is no evidence at all that the apostle 
John celebrated Easter with the Quarto-decimans. 

B. adj. Of or relating to the Quartodecimans, or 
their method of observing Easter. 

1701 ECHARD Keel. Hist. (1710) 478 The Quartodeciman 



34 

controversy . . between the Eastern and Western churches. 
1761 HUME Hist. Eng. I. i. 38 The quartodeciman schism 
as it was called. 1833 J. H. NEWMAN Arians i. i. (1876) 13 
Polycrates, who was primateof the Quarto-deciman churches. 
1879 MACLEAR Celts xi. 180 The quarto-deciman view of 
the earlier Asiatics of Asia Minor. 

Hence Quartode cimauisra, the views or practice 
of the Qnartodecimans. 

1880 Athenaeum 9 Oct. .(63/2 The quartodecimanism of 
.John._ 1885 G. SALMON in Academy 5 Dec. 367/2 The 
Ignatian letters have not a word about Quartodecimanism. 

So f Quartodecimarian a. Obs, rare 1 . 

1666 BP. SAM. PARKER Frit Censure 90 That early and 
unhappy Quartodecimarian Schism. 

Quart-pot. A pot capable of containing the 
measure of a quart. 

1412-1 Al'ingdon Ace. (1802) 94 Item j quartpot. 1463 
Bury Wills (Camden) 23 A quart pot of pewter. 1550 
CROWLEY Epigr. 363 Go fyll me thys quarte pot 1593 
SHAKS. 2 Hen. VI, iv. x. 16 Many a time . . it hath seru'd 
me insteede of a quart pot to drinke in. 1613 WITHER 
Abuses Stript i. v. 240 Sometime in reuenge the quart-pot 
flies. 1711 STEELE Sfect. No. p 5, I came in with a Tub 
about me, that Tub hung with Quart-pots. 1838 DICKENS 
O. Twist xxv, A quart-pot . . filled with gin and water. 
1870 LOWELL Study Wind. 47 Quartpots are for muddier 
liquor than nectar. 

b. attrib., as quart-pot tea. Austral, (see quot. 
1885). 

1878 MRS. H. JONES Long Years in Australia 87 Taking 
a long draught of the quart-pot tea. 1885 H. FINCH- 
HATTON Advance Austral. HI 'Quart-pot tea', as tea 
made in the Bush is always called. . . A tin quart of water is 
set down by the fire, and when it is boiling hard a handful 
of tea is thrown in. 

Quartre, Quartr age,-redge, -ridge, Quart* 
ron(e, -r(o)un, obs. ff. QUABTER sb. and ., 
QUARTERAGE, QUARTERN. 

f Quart-saw. Obs. rare" 1 . (?) 

1577 Wills 4- Inv. IV. C. (Surtees 1835) 414 In the Ireon 
Seller. Eighte qwarte sawes xvj'. thre whope sawes xx\ 

QuarUrmvirate. rare- 1 . [Cf. QUADRUM-, 

QUATRUMVIRATE.] = QOATUORVIRATE. 

1819 SYD. SMITH Wks, (1850) I. 282/1 The noble quaitum- 
virate, in all matters of foreign policy, have a veto on the 
king's decisions. 

Quartyer, obs. form of QUARTER sb. 

Quartz (kwJts). Min. [a. G. quart (first in 
MHG.) of uncertain origin : hence also Du. kwarts t 
F. quartz, It quarto.] 

1. A widely diffused mineral, massive or crys- 
tallizing in hexagonal prisms ; in a pure form 
consisting of silica or silicon dioxide (SiO 2 ), but 
varying greatly in colour, lustre, etc., according to 
the different impurities it contains. 

Quartz forms the rocks quartzite and sandstone, and is an 
important constituent in granite, gneiss, and other rocks. 
It frequently contains gold, and is largely mined and crushed 
for the purpose of extracting this metal (cf. quots. in a). The 
numerous varieties are chiefly denoted by adjs. descriptive 
of their structure or colour, as (i) amorphous, asteriated 
(star-quartz), capped^ cavernous^ comact t (crypto-) crystal- 
line^ fibrous, grained, radiated, sagenitic, sparry ^ etc., (2) 
blue (siderite or sapphire-quartz), ^r^yw or smoky (cairngorm, 
morion), green (chrysoprase, prase), milky (milk-quartz), 
purple (amethyst), red, rose, yellow (citrine), etc. ; SL\&Q Babel 
or Babylonian Quartz, found in Devonshire, showing on its 
under-. surface the impression of the crystals of fluor-spar on 
which it was deposited. The colourless crystalline variety 
b known as ROCK-CRYSTAL. 

1756 Observ. IsL Stilly 71 White debas'd Crystal (which 
the Germans call Quartz). 177* tr. Cronstedfs Min. 57, 
I shall adopt this name of quartz in English as it bas already 
gained access into other European languages. 1831 BREW- 
STER Optics xvii. 94. 151/2 Among the crystals best fitted 
for exhibiting the phenomena of positive double refraction 
is rock crystal or quartz. 1859 R. F. BURTON Centr. Afr. 
in JrnL Geoff. Soc. XXIX. 107 Boulders of primitive forma- 
tion, streaked with snow-white quartz. 1879 RUTLEY Stud. 
Rocks x. 150 Quartz is infusible before the blowpipe, in- 
soluble in all acids except fluoric acid. 

2. attrib. and Comb. 

a. attrib. in sense ' consisting of quartz ', or 
'containing quartz ', as quartz-boil (see quot. 1869), 
-crystal, -gritstone, -lode, -pebble., -porphyry , -reef, 
-rock, -sand, -schist, -slate, -vein, etc. 

17851 SAUNDERS in Phil. Trans. LXXIX. 82 It is known 
to mmeralists in that state by the name of quartz gritstone. 
i8oa PLAYFAIR lllnstr. ffutton, Th, 167 Vertical strata 
much intersected by quartz veins. Ibid, 326 Granites con- 
taining quartz-crystals. 1833 LYKLL Princ. Geol. III. 567 
Beds of pure quartz rock. 1843 PORTLOCK Geol. 170 Mica 
slate passing into quartz slate. 1869 R. B. SMYTH Gold 
Fields Victoria 283 Quartz reefs are richer as they increase 
in depth. Ibid. 618 Quartz-boil, an outcrop of a quartz reef 
on the surface, or an outburst or extension in width of the 
reef beneath it 1877 RAYMOND Statist. Mines <$ Mining 
218 Very little work has been done, .on quartz-lodes. 

b. attrib. in other senses, obj., and obj. gen., 
chiefly in terms relating to the extraction of gold 
from quartz, as quartz-battery, -crusher, -crushing 
a 4J-i 'gold (see quot. 1874), -mill, -mining, -pros- 
pecting, -reefing ( = mining), etc. 

1861 MRS. MEREDITH Over the Straits iv. 133 Quartz- 
reefin's the payinest game, now. 1871 RAYMOND Statist. 
Mines $ Mining 17 Some gold quartz-mining enterprises 
have been in operation. 1874 Ibid. 317 It is largely 'quartz 
gold', that Is, not rounded and water-worn, but irregular 
and frequently twisted in form, usually very bright, and 
always of fine quality, as is the gold of the quartz-veins. 
1877 Ibid, 220 The discovery . . of quartz-claims in the 



QUASH. 

district. This action gave an impetus to quartz-prospecting. 
1882 Kef. to Ho. Refr. Prec. Met. U. S. 596 Quartz-crush- 
ing machines yet to be invented. 

Quartziferous (kwJtsi-fer3s\ a. [f. prec. + 
-(I)FEBOUS.] Bearing or containing quattz. 

1831 DE LA HECHE Geol. Man. (ed. 2) 403 The pieces of 
quartziferous porphyry . . have better resisted attrition 1872 
W. S. SYMONDS Rec. Rocks iii. 49 The Quartziferous brec- 
cias . . of the Caernarvon peninsula. 1879 RUTLEY Stud. 
Roc/is xii. 242^ A . . ndmber of diorites are quartziferous. 

Qua'rtzine, a. rare 1 , [f. as prec. + -IKE 1 .] 
Quartzose, quartzy. 

1853 KANE Grinntll Exp. v. 40 Gneiss . . was the basis 
material, the quartzine element greatly predominating. 

Quartzite (kwg-Jtsait). Min. Also -yte. [f. 
as prec. + -ITE.J An extremely compact, granular 
rock, consisting essentially of quartz. 

1849 MURCHISON Si/uria viii. 167 The quartzites of the 
west are manifestly altered sandstones. 1873 J. GEIKIE Gt. 
tee Age App. 479 A boulder of quartzite . . was found em- 
bedded in a seam of coal. 

attrib. 1870 Pall Mall G. 17 Nov. 4 The stag is formed 
of white quartzite stones. 1880 DAWKINS Early Alan vii. 
181 There were also quartzite flakes and implements. 
Hence Quartzitic a., of the nature of quartzite. 
i8ra W. S. SYMONDS Rec. Rocks vi. 191 This remarkable 
yellowish and quartzitic conglomerate. 187* PACE Adi: 
Text-bk. Geol. viii. 157 Bands of quartzitic rock. 
Qua'rtzless, a. [f. as prec. + -LESS.] Desti- 
tute of quartz. 

1879 RUTLEY Stud. Rocks xii. 235 Some of these rocks are 
very poor in quartz, and they then pass into the quartzless 
hornblende andesites. 1891 Nation (N. Y.) 28 July 73/2 
This widely distributed andesite is highly basic, in many 
cases being almost quartzless. 

Qua'rtzoid. [f. as prec. + -OID.] A crystal 
having the form of a double six-sided pyramid. 
1864 WEBSTER cites DANA. 1881 DANA Man. Min. (ed. 4) 47. 
Quartzose (kwg-jtsos), a. [f. as prec. + -OSE.] 
Mainly or entirely composed of quartz ; of the 
nature of quartz. 

'757 DA COSTA Fossils 275 Pellucid quartzose grains it has 
none. 1857 BIRCH Anc. Pottery (1858) II. 332 Some 
varieties of this ware are filled with quarlzose sand. 1878 
A. H. GREEN, etc. Coal ii. 47 Thick masses of very coarse 
quartzose conglomerate. 
So f Qua-rtzous a. Obs. 

*&> Monthly Rev. III. 547 It appears, that hard quartzous 
and sihcious stones give a reddish light. 1815 Chron. in 
Ann. Reg. 540 The sand.. is quartzous. 

Quartzy (kwgutsi), a. [f. as prec. + -T 1 .] Of 
the nature of quartz ; resembling quartz. 

'774 PENNANT Tour Scotl. in 1772, 218 The stones of this 
mountain are white quartzy and composed of small grains. 
1836 MACOILLIVRAY tr. Humboldfs Trav. xviii. 256 The 
bottom, which consists of white quartzy sand, is usually 
visible. 1880 BIRDWOOD Ind. Art \l. 4 The iron ore is .. 
separated from its granitic or quartzy matrix by washing. 

fig. 1864 ROGERS Nevi Ruon n. 42 He .. avows his in- 
ability to find Another lyric in his quartzy mind. 

Quarved, ? error for quarred: see QUAB v. 1 

1617 JACKSON Creed vi. xii. % 9 This, .current of life, .the 
more it is dammed or quarued by opposition of the sonnes of 
darknesse, the more plentifully it overflowes the sons of light 

t Qua-ry. 06s.-'. [? ad. L. quari wherefore.] 
01550 Image Hypocr. in Sktltm't Wks. (1843) II. 427 
With quibes and quaryes Of inventataries. 

Quaryndo(u)n, obs. forms of QUAHENDEN. 

Quas, variant of KVASH. 

Quas e, obs. northern forms of WHOSE. 




in JOHNSON and later Diets'] 1813 T. ROUOHLEY Jamaica 
Planter's Guide 74 The Indian kale, ochro, quash, peppers, 
akys, and a variety of pulse, being natural to the climate. 

Quash, rf.2 rare- 1 . [Cf. WASH.] ? A stretch 
of shallow water. 

1790 BEATSON Nav. f, Mil. Mem. I. 69 From the report 
made by those who sounded the quash opposite the town . . 
there was not found water sufficient to enable them to 
undertake the enterprize. 

Quash (kwgj), v. Forms: 4-5 quasse, (5 
qwas-), 4 quasche, 5 qv-, quasohyn, quassh-, 
quaysoh-, 6- quash. [In branch I, ad. OF. quasser 
= casser to annul, ad. late L. cassart (med.L. also 
quassare), (. cassus null, void ; in branch II, ad. OF. 
quasser, casserto break, smash, etc. : L. quassare, 
freq. of quatlre to shake. In later F. the form in 
all senses is casser. Senses 2 and 3 may be partly 
derived from 4, and the later examples in 5 may be 
partly of onomatopoeic origin. Cf. SQDASH v.] 

I. 1. trans. To annul, to make null or void 
(a law, decision, election, etc.) ; to throw out or 
reject (a writ, indictment, etc.) as invalid ; to put 
an end to, stop completely (legal proceedings), 
t Also with down. 

^1330 R. BRUNNE Chron. (1810) 209 pe pape at his dome 
her Elites quassed doun. Ibid. 217 J>e purueiance . . He 
quassed it ilk dele borgh jugement. c 1430 Pilgr. LyJ 
Mankvae I. Ixxvi. (1869) 44 Michel it displeseth hire that ye 
quassen thus hire ordinaunces. 1589 WARNER Alb. Eng. 
vi. xxx. (1612) 151 Phcebus his plainte did quash. 1671 
F. PHILLIPS Reg. Ifecess. 521 All the then Judges did agree, 
that if a Writ of that Form should be brought unto them., 
they would immediately quash it. 17*8 BLACKSTONE Comm. 
III. 303 Praying 'judgment of the writ, or declaration, and 
that the same may be quashed ', cassetur, made void, or 
abated. 1829 SCOTT Detnonol. ix. 335 The Lord Advocate . . 






QUASHEE. 

quashed all farther procedure. 1882 SERJT. BAI.LANTINE 

Exfcr. iv. 43 My clients were completely exonerated and 

the conviction was quashed. 

b. Used adverbially with go (suggesting sense 4). 
1802-12 BENTIIAM Ration. Jttiiic. Evid. (1827) IV. 406 Down 

comes the money, quash goes the conviction, like a snail 

under our feet. 
2. To bring to nothing ; to crush or destroy ; to 

put down or suppress completely; to stifle (esp. 

a feeling, idea, scheme, undertaking, proceeding, 

etc.). Also with dmvn. 
1609 BIBLE (Douay) Ecclus. vi. 2 Extol not thyself., lest 

perhaps thy strength be quashed. 1646 P. BULKELEY Gospel 
Covt. v. 366 Balaam had faire hopes before him . . but all was 
quasht in a moment. 1717 TABOR in Phil. Trans. XXX. 552 
When the Ground about the Pavement was dug, all these 
Suppositions were quash'd. I774GOLDSM. Nat. Hist. (1862) 
I. 34 The sound seemed at last quashed in a bed of water. 
1834 PRINGLE Afr. Sk. 316 Every such attempt had hereto- 
fore been . . quashed by the . . authorities. 1857 MRS. CARLYLE 
Lett. II. 313, I wanted to scream, but the physical weari- 
ness had quashed down that nonsense. 1879 r ROUDE Cxsar 
xviii. 305 The preparations for the election were quashed. 

3. To crush, quell, or utterly subdue (a person) ; 
to squash. Now rare. 

1630 G. DANIEL Ecclits. xxxv. 50 His Arme Shall Quash 
the Cruell, and prevent their harme. 1643 BURROUGHES 
Exp. Hosea I. v. 128 They did not stay the building of the 
wall of Jerusalem, till all their adversaries were quashed. 
1753 HANwAY'TVaz'. (1762) II. vli. ii. 168 This .. resolution 
..would in all probability have quashed their enemies. 1876 
BLACKIE Songs Relig. <y Life 182 When, by Logic's iron 
rule, I've quashed each briskly babbling fool. 

II. f 4- To break or dash in pieces ; to smash ; 
also, to crush, squeeze, squash. Obs. 

1387 TREVISA Higiien (Rolls) IV 439 panne be secounde 
wal was i-quasched [v.r. yquaysched]. ? a 1400 Morte 
A rth. 3389 Abowte scho whirles the whele , . Tille alle my 
qwarters . . ware q waste al to peces. 1563-87 FOXE A. fy M. 
(1596) 310/2 A mightie stone . . able tonaue quashed him in 
peeces. 1608 TopsELL.Sf^MJ'.r (1658) 628 Then, shepheard, 
take both stone in hand, and blade, To quash his swelling 
neck. 1650 BULWER Anthropomet. 12 The Fathers and 
Mothers never faile to quash, or flat down that part of the 
face which is between the eyes and mouth. 1750 W. ELLIS 
Mod. Husbandm. IV. iii. 85 (E. D. S.) [Boys] rejoice when 
they find a nest of eggs to quash with their feet. 

t b. To dash or smash on or against something. 

1448 UDALL Erasm. Par. Luke ix. 99 The eiuill spirit that 
was in hym tooke hym, quashyng the chylde on the grounde. 
1620 WILKINSON Coroners ft Sheri/cs 19 A man falleth from 
his horse and quasheth his head against a blocke. c 1645 
WALLER Batt. Summer-lsl. n. 25 The whales Against sharp 
rocks, like reeling vessels quash'd. .are in pieces dash'd. 

t 5. intr. To shake ; to splash, to make a splash- 
ing noise. Obs. 

iw LANGL. P. PI. C. xxl. 64 The erthe quook and quashte 
as hit quyke were. 1691 RAY Creation n. (1692) 12 A thin 
and fine Membrane strait and closely adhering to keep it 



1750 W. t-LUsJIfoii. Husbandm. HI. i. i3o(E.D.S.) 

the butter is come, which you may know by its quashing. 

Hence Quashed (kwjjt) ppl. a. ; Qua shing vbl. 
sli. and///, a. 

a 1665 J. GOODWIN Filled iv. the Spirit (1867) 107 A notion 
..of a dangerous and quashing import to the spirit of all 
signal excellency. 1802-12 BENTHAM Ration, jfudic. Evid. 
(1827) IV. 408 A rare trade, this quashing trade. 1816 W. 
TAYLOR in Monthly Maf. XLI I. 35 These are called stratous 
clouds from their sinking^ quashed appearance. 1846 J. 
HAMILTON Mt. of Olives viii. 196 With quashed delight and 
bitter fancies. 1859 I. TAYLOR Logic in Theol. 270 A fac- 
titious quashing of any sensibility. 

Quash, obs. variant of KVASS. 

Quashee (kw 9 -J), quashie (kwg-Ji). [Ashan- 

tee or Fantee Kwasi, a name commonly given to 
a child born on Sunday.] A negro personal name, 
adopted as a general name for any negro. 

1833 M. SCOTT Tom Cringle (1862) 246 Then Quashie him. 
self, or a company of free blacks. 1850 MRS. CARLYLE Lett. 
II. 122 A certain sympathy with Quashee ! 1889 CLARK 
RUSSELL Marooned (1890) 275 The same Quashee whom I 
had supposed dead. 

Quashey. rare- 1 . (See quot. and cf. QUASH rf.l) 
1823 SOUTHEY Lett. (1856) III. 391 With regard to these said 
quasheys (which, I believe, is their name, first cousins to 
the squash pumpkin). 

Quasi (kwv'-ssi), adv. and pref. [L. quasi as 
if, as it were, almost.] I. In limiting sense. 

1. Used parenthetically = ' as it were ', ' almost ', 
' virtually '. rare. 

In Caxton after F. quasi (isth c., from It. or L.). 

1485 CAXTON Paris f, V. (1868) 30 Whereof he was moche 
angry, and quasi half in despair. Chas. Gt. 204 After 
that charles had the domynacyon quasi in al espayne. 
1692 T. WATSON Body of Dhi. 97 Men come quasi armed 
11 Coat of Male, that the Sword of the Word will not enter. 
1818 CRUISE Digest (ed. 2) V. 184 This devolution, .is quasi 
a descent performam doni. 

2. In close connexion with the word following ; 
hence usually treated as a prefix and hyphened. 

a. With sbs.: (A) kind of; resembling or simu- 
lating, but not really the same as, that properly so 
termed. 
1643 SIR T. BROWNE Relig. Med. i. 49 An Empyriall 

e :*~, en ' a ?" vacuitie. 1676 R. DIXON Two Testaments 
30 I he reason why God confirmed his Testament . . is, be- 
cause this was an act of his Quasi-dying. 1727-41 CHAM- 
BERS Cycl. s.v.. In a quasi-contract, one party may be bound 
..without having given his consent, ifid,. The reparation 
of quasi-crimes. 1815 J. ADAMS M'kt. (1856) X. 151 A. .plot 



35 

. . to draw me into a decided instead of a qua.si war with 
France, 1837 CAKLYLK />. Rev. I. vi. iv, The art, or quasi- 
art, of standing in tail. 1864 KINCSLEY Kom. <J- Tcut. iii. 
(1875) 91 Romans, with Greek names who become quasi- 
emperors. 1889 SWINBURNE Stud. Jonson 47 The epithala- 
inium of these quasi-nuptials is fine. 

b. With adjs., more rarely with advbs. or vbs. : 
Seemingly, or in appearance, but not really; almost, 
nearly, virtually. 

1802 iz BENTHAM Ration. Judic. Eviif. (1827) I. 149 False- 
hood in this quasi-colloquial shape, as well as in the shape 
of ordinary discourse. 1826 SOUTHEY Vind. Ecd. Angl. 394 
We neither deify nor quasi-deify the head of our Church. 
1836 SIR H. TAYLOR Statesman viii. 50 His functions in 
these cases are quasi-judicial. 1861 KINGSLEY Lett. (1878) 
II. 80 The independent and quasi-Episcopal position of the 
rector. 1888 BRYCE A met: Cmimw. II. HI. Ixxiv. 610 
Public or quasi-public organisms. 

II. 3. Introducing an etymological explanation 
of a word: ' As if it were '. (Abbreviated a., qu. : 
see Q. II. I.) 

1588 SHAKS. L. L. L. IV. ii. 85 Master person, quasi 
Pers-on. c 1630 RISDON Sitrv. Devon 82 (1810) 81 Cub/ie, 
so called, as some say, quasi Calme. 1686 PLOT Staffordsh. 
419 They are more properly call'd Almanacks, quasi Al- 
mon-aght. 1816 SCOTT Woodstock Note 3 Rere-suppers 
(quasi arricre) belonged to a species of luxury [etc.]. 1866 
LOWELL Biglow P. Wks. (1880) 181/2 The Earls of Wil- 
brnham (quasi wild boar ham). 

Quasi, Quasie, Quass, obs. ' ff. QUASSIA, 
QUEASY, KVASS. 

t Quass, v. Obs, Also 6-7 quasso. [a. MLG. 
quassen (qttasen, quatzen : see Grimm) to eat or 
drink immoderately : prob. of onomatopoeic origin.] 
intr. To drink copiously or in excess ; to quaff. 
Hence f Qua'ssing vbl. sb. 

'549 CHALONER Erasm. on Folly E iv, Rernembre the law 
of quassyng, ' Other drinke thy drinke, or rise, and goe thy 
waie '. c 1572 GASCOIGNE Fruites Warrc Ixxxvii, Hope 
brings the bol! wherein they all must quasse [rime passe]. 
1607 MARSTON What You- Will n. i, Sing, sing, or stay 
weele quasse or any thing. 

Qnassa'tioil. rare. [ad. L. quassdtion-em, 
n. of action f. quassdre to shake : see QUASH z/.j 
A shaking, beating, pounding. 

1654 GAYTON Pleas. Notes in. i. 68 Solidated by continual 
contusions, threshings, and quassations. i683PErrus.^y?/a 
Min. n. 15 Byquassation and constant compressure of such 
flexible grounds. 1897 Syd. Sue. Lex., Quassation, . . in 
Pharmacy, . . reducing roots and tough bark to pieces, to 
facilitate the extraction of their chief active principles. 

t Quassative, a. Obs. rare- 1 , [f. ppl. stem of 
L. quassare (see prec.) + -IVE.] Inclined to shake. 

1626 MH>Di.inon Anything/or Quiet Life in. ii, A French- 
man's heart is more quassative and subject to tremor than 
an Englishman's. 

Quassia (kwe-sia, kwoe-J-, kw9'Jia). Also 8 
quassi, quassy, quasi, (quaoiae). [Named by 
Linnseus, about 1761, after a Surinam negro, Gra- 
man ( = grand man) Quassi or Quacy ( = QUASHEE), 
who discovered the virtues of the root in 1730. 

Quassi communicated his discovery to C. G. Dahlberg, by 
whom it was made known to Linnaeus : see C. M. Blom in 
C. Linnxi Amtrnitates Academical VI. (1764) 420, and 
Stedman Surinam II. xxix.] 

1. The wood, bark, or root of a South American 
tree (Quassia amara), found esp. in Surinam, and 
of some other trees, esp. the bitter ash (Ptcrsena 
excelsa) of Jamaica, and the bitter damson (Sima- 
ruba amara} of the West Indies and S. America. 
b. The bitter decoction prepared from this, used 
for medicinal and other purposes. 

The quassia now in use is chiefly that obtained from the 
titter ash, commonly sold in the form of chips. 

1765 [cf. 3]. 1770 Gentl. Mag-. XL. 227 The quasi was ad- 
ministered in decoction. 1803 DAVY in Phil. Trans. XCI1I. 
268 The infusions of quassia . . are scarcely affected by 
muriate of tin. 1830 HERSCHEL Stud. Nat. Phil. 86 An 
intense and pure bitter like quassia. 1878 T. BRYANT 
Pract. Surg. (1879) II- 59 An enema of some bitter vegetable 
infusion, such as quassia. 

2. Any of the trees yielding quassia, esp. the 
Quassia amara of Surinam. 

1766 [cf. 3]. 1797 Encycl. Brit. XV. 753/1 Dr. Wright 
found tnis tree to be a species of quassia. 1859 All Year 
Round No. 32. 127 Why not.. cultivate.. quassia, which is 
such a handsome shrub? 1876 HARLEY Mat. Med. (ed. 6) 
673 ^Quassia bears some resemblance to the common ash, 
attains a height of 50, 60, or even loo feet. 

3. attrib., as quassia-bark, -chips, -root, -tree, 
-wood; quassia cup, a drinking cup made of 
quassia wood, a ' bitter cup'. 

1765 Ann. Reg. 114 Linnaeus, .has lately recommended., 
a new medicine, called quassi-wood. 1766 Ibid. 76 They 
write from Pensacola that the true Quassi medicinal tree 
has lately been discovered in the western parts of that 

fovince. 1767 HAKLEY in Phil. Trans. LVIII. 81 At last 
tryed the Quassi Root. 1834 T. I. GRAHAM Dom. Med. 
(ed. 6) 70 Quassia wood comes from Jamaica and the Carib- 
bean islands. 1860 PIESSE Lab. Cnem. Wonders 171 The 
purest bitter principle is yielded by the quassia tree. 

Qnassm (kwarsin). [f. QUASS-IA + -IN!.] The 
bitter principle of quassia. 

1819 in J. G. Children Chem. Anal. 288. 1845 Penny Cycl. 
Suppl. I. 349/2 Quassin dissolves readily in alcohol and 
in aether. 1876 HARLEY Mat. Med. (ed. 6) 675 A neutral, 
odourless, crystallisable principle, termed quassin. 

Also Qua ssite, in same sense. 

1838 T. THOMSON Chem. Org. Bodies 705 Quassite has 
been given by Wiggers to the bitter principle of the quassia 



QTIATENUS. 

amara. and exctlsa. 1841 Penny Cycl. XXII. 26/1 Its chief 
constituents are quassite, resin [etc.]. 

Quassing, vbl. sb. : see QUASS v. 

Qua-sum, north, variant of WHO-SOMB. 

Quasy, obs. form of QUEASY. 

Quat (kw 9 t), rf.l Obs. exc. dial. Also 8-9 
quot. [Of obscure origin.] 

1. A pimple or pustule ; a small boil ; a stye. 

1579 LANCHAM Card. Healtk 153 Inflammations and soft 
swellings, burnings and impostumes, and choleric sores or 
quats. 1752^-3 A. MURPHY Gray's Inn Jrnl. No. 15 A Quat, 
or Quot, being a small Heat or Pimple. 1848 A. B. EVANS 
Leicesttrs/i. Words s.v., He was rubbing his throat, and he 
broke the head of his quot. 1896 Warwick Gloss., Quat, 
a sty or poke. 

1 2. trans/. Applied contemptuously to a (young) 
person. Obs. 

1604 SHAKS. Oth. v. i. n, I haue rub'd this yong Quat 
almost to the sense, And he growes angry. 1609 DEKKER 
Gvlls Horne-bk. 151 Whether he be a young quat of the 
first year's revenue, or some austere and sullen-faced steward. 
1623 WEBSTER Devil's Law-Case 11. i, O young quat, in- 
continence is plagu'd In all the creatures of the world. 

t Quat, sb* 06s. rare. Also 7 quatte. [f. 
QUAT f .1] The act or state of squatting. 

1602 Narcissus (1893) 475 The doggs have putt the hare 
from quatte. 1612 WEBSTER White Devil Wks. (Rtldg.) 
31/2 A full cry for a quarter of an hour, And then . . put to 
the dead quat. 

Quat (kwgt), a. Obs. exc. dial. Also 9 quot. 
[Related to prec. and next : cf. SQUAT a., and It. 
ijuailo ' squatting, cowering, quiet, still ' (Baretti).] 

1. Squatted, close, still, quiet, in hiding. 

c 1450 Merlin xxv. 463 The x traitoris that were quatte in 
the gardin vnder an ympe. Ibid., Bretell and Vlfin. .weren 
quat vnder the steyres. 1682 BUNYAN Holy War 310 The 
rest lay so quat and close that they could not be appre- 
hended. 1685 Bk. Boys f, Girls 21 My lying quat, until 
the Fly is catcht Shews [etc.]. 1879 Miss JACKSON Shropsh. 
Word-bk., Quat, close, still, as a hare on her form. 1886 in 
ELWORTHY W. Som. Wd.-bk. 

2. Low and broad ; squat. 

1863 BARNES Dorset Gloss., ' There's a little quot rick '. 

Quat (kwgt), zi.l Obs. exc. dial. Also 5 qwat(te, 
8 quatt, 9 quot. [a. OF. quaitir, qualirlo beat 
or press down, to force in, to hide (mod.F. catir to 
press), f. OF. *quait, Prov. quait, It. quatto (see 
prec.) : L. coactus pressed together, COAOT.] 

1. trans. To beat or press down ; to squash, 
flatten, extinguish. Also absol. 

11400-50 Alexander 560 All flames be flode..And ban 
ouer-qwelmys in a qwirre & qwatis euer e-like. 1589 GREENE 
Tullies Love (1609) Fiij, Her resolution .. quatted the 
conceit of his former hope. 1590 Never too late (1600) 
K 4 The renowne of her chastity . . almost quatted those 
sparks that heated him on to such lawlesse affection. 1893 
Wiltsh. Gloss., Quat, qvjot,..\o flatten, to squash flat. 

b. To load, sate, glut (the stomach). See also 
QUOT pa. pple. 

IS79 LVLY Evphues (Arb.) 44 To the stomack quatted 
with dainties, al delicates seeme queasie. 1606 J. HYND 
Eliosto Libid. 58 Amazias having quatted the quesy stomaks 
of the rebels, .returned with safety to Famagosta. 

2. intr. To crouch down or lie close, as an animal 
in hiding; to squat. ( = OF. se quatir.) 

c 1400 Master of Game ii. (MS. Digby 182), pen he shall 
ruse oute of be wey for to stalle or qwatte to rest hym. 
1602-12 [implied in QUAT sb?\ 1757 FOOTE A uthor u. Wks. 
1799 1. 149 You grow tir'd at last and quat, Then I catch you. 
1781 W. BLANE Ess. Hunt. (1788) 125 She will only leap off 
a few rods, and quat. 1879 JEFFERIES Wild Life in S. C. 
222 The crake .. will then .. if still hunted, ' quat ' in the 
thickest bunch of grass or weeds he can find. 
fb. To sink, subside. Obs. rare. 

411723 LISLE Husb. (1752) 118 If rain in the interim should 
come, such ground will quatt, and the furrow will fill up. 

Hence Qua'tting vbl. sb. 

'757 FOOTE Author n. Wks. 1799 I. 149 Begin and start 
me, that 1 may come the sooner to quatting. 

Quat, v.'~ Sc. var. (also pa. t. and pa. pple) of 
QU:T v. (Cf. QUATED.) 

1573 Satir. Poems Reform, xxxix. 54 So had the cause 
bene quat, wer not for shame. 1597 MONTGOMERIE Cherrie 
ffS^laeii'jQ Thou.. Gars courage quat them. 1637-50 J. Row 
Hist. Kirk Scotl. (1842) 254 So he quat his mimstrie. 1714 
RAMSAY Elegy jfo/tn Cowper xii. (1877) I. 168 To quat the 

frip he was right laith. 1786 BURNS To James Smith xxix, 
shall say nae mair, But quat my sang. 1836 M. MACIN- 
TOSH Cottager's Daughter 49 For your threats ae truth I 
winna quat. 

Quat, obs. f. QUOTH, WHAT; Sc. var. QUIT a. 
Quata, var. of COAITA. 

t Quatch. !. Obs. [f. quatch, var. QCETCH v. : 
cf. QUINCH s&.] A word, a sound. 

ni63S BP. CORBET Poems (1807) 114 Noe; not a quatch, 
sad poets ; doubt you, There is not greife enough without 
you? 1783 NICHOLS Bibl. Top. (1790) IV. 57 (Berks) A 
quatch is a word. (Hence in GROSE and HALLIWELU) 

t Quatch 2 . Obs. rare 1 . (Meaning uncertain.) 

1601 SHAKS. All's Well\\. ii. 18 A Barber's chaire, that fits 
all buttockes, the pin buttocke, the quatch-buttocke [etc.]. 

Quatch, variant of QUETCH. 

Quate, variant of WHATE, fortune. Obs. 

Quated, obs. Sc. var. quited: see QUIT v. 

rt 1605 MONTGOMERY Misc. Poems xlv. 27 Alace ! suld my 
treu service thus be quated ? [rime hated). 

II Quatenus (kw^'-t.rns), adv. [L., ' how far ', 
' to what extent', f. qua where + /i'H/ up to.] lu 
so far as ; in the quality or capacity of ; QUA. 

6-2 



QUATER-CENTENARY. 

i6sa N. CULVF.RWEL Lt. Nature xi. (1661) 78 An innate 
power of the Soul, that is fitted, and fashioned for the 
receiving of spirituals, quatenus Spirituals. 1664 BUTLER 
Hnd. II. ii. 277 A broken Oath is, quat'nus Oath, As 
sound t* all purposes of Troth. 1673 WOOD Life (O. H. S.) 
II. 274 That every canon of Ch. Ch. should (quatenus as 
a member of the university) preach at St. Marie's, and 
(quatenus canon) at Ch. Ch. 1697 J. DENNIS Plot and no 
Plot 52 Tho the Viscount be my superiour, quatenus Vis- 
count, yet he does esteem himself my equal. 

Quater, obs. form of QUATRE. 

Quater-centenary, rare. [f. L. quater four 

times ; cf. tercentenary] A four-hundredth anni- 
versary, or the celebration of this. 

1883 Harpers Mag. Aug. 479/1 The forthcoming celebra- 
tion of the Luther quater-centenary. 

Quater-co(u)sin, obs. ff. of CATER-COUSIN. 

1656 in BLOUNT Glossogr. 1755- in JOHNSON, etc. 

Quaterime : see QUATREME. 

Quate'rn, sl>. rare. [a. F. quaterne set of four 
numbers, f quire (Godef.), ad. L. quaternus : see 
QUATERNION and QUIRE.] 

f 1. Sc. A quire of paper. Obs. 

1578 in Mail!. Cl. Misc. (1840) I. 12 Tuentie fyve countis 
and quaternis of the Q. and Q. regent, 

2. A set of four numbers in a lottery. 

1868 BROWNING Ring ff Bk. xn. 158 But that he forbid 
The Lottery, why, Twelve were Tem Quatern I 

t Quate'rn, a. Bat. Obs. rare*, [ad. L. qua- 
terni four together, by fours.] Arranged in fours. 

1760 J. LEE Introd. Bot. ill. xxiii. (1765) 235 In respect to 
Opposition, opposite Leaves will sometimes become tern, 
quatern or qume, growing by Threes, Fours, or Fives. 

Quate'rnal, a. rare. [f. as prec. + -AL.] a. 
=QUATERNARY a. i. b. erron. = QUADRENNIAL. 

6i R. C. Times' Whistle Cert. Poems (1871) 150 His first 
Advent yeilds a quaternall section, His birth, his life, his 
death, his resurrection. 1655 MOUFET & BENNET Health's 
Imprav. (1746) i6r The Carthaginians, whose famous qua- 
ternal Feast consisted only of four Dishes. 1813 J. C. 
HOBHOUSE Journey (ed. 2) 581 Prizes distributed at each 
quaternal celebration of the Olympian games. 

Quaterna-rian, a. rare. [f. as next -i- -A.V.] 

= <yCATERNARY a. I. 

1647 M. HUDSON Div. Right Govt. I. vi. 55 A quaternarian 
number, as four beasts, and four wheels. 1856-8 W. CLARK 
Van der Hoeven's Zopl. 1. 108 Arrangement of parts usually 
quaternarian. 

Quaternary (kwgts-Jnari), a. and sb. [ad. L. 
quaterndri-us, f. quaterni four together, by fours. 
Cf. F. quatcmaire (1515).] 

A. adj. 1. Consisting of four things or parts; 
characterized by the number four. Now chiefly 
Chem. in quaternary compound, a combination of 
four elements or radicals. 

Quaternary number, usually 4, but sometimes taken as 
= 10 (see B). 

1605 TIMME Qttersit. I. xi. 45 To appoynt a quaternarie 
number of elements, out of the quaternary number of the 
fower qualities. 1695 F. GREGORY Doctr. Trin. 63 We read 
what great respect Pythagoras and his sect had for their 
quaternary number. 18*5 T. THOMSON \st Princ. Chem. 
I. 37 Ammonia, is a quaternary compound, consisting of i 
atom azote and 3 atoms hydrogen. 1830 LINDLEY Nat. 
Syst. Bot. 14 The quaternary number of the divisions of the 
flower. 1871 OLIVER Elem. Bot. i. ii. 17 The nitrogen 
occurs combined with the same three elements, forming 
a quaternary compound. 

2. Geol. Used, with the sense of ' fourth in order ', 
as an epithet of the most recent of the geological 
periods (following on the Tertiary), and of the 
deposits, animals, etc., belonging to it. 

1843 W. HUMBLE Diet. Geol. 216 Quaternary formations. 
1865 TYLOR Early Hist. Man. viii. 198 The instruments of 
the Drift, or Quaternary deposits. 1871 DARWIN Desc. Man 
I. vii. 237 The quaternary race of the caverns of Belgium. 
1880 A. R. WALLACE Isl. Life xxi. 448 Deposits which may 
be of Quaternary or even of Pliocene age. 

B. sb. A set of four (things) ; the number four. 
Quaternary of numbers, the Pythagorean rerpoxTvy, or 

1 + 2+3+4 = 10. 

c 1430 Art ofNomtrynge (E. E. T. S.) 8 Withdraw ther-for 
the quaternary, of the article of his denominacion twics, of 
.40., And ther remaynethe .32. 1603 HOLLAND Plutarch's 
Mor. 1310 The quaternarie is the first square or quadrate 
number, a 1638 MEDE Wks. (1672) 654 In which Quaternary 
of Kingdoms . . the Roman, being the Last of the Four, is 
the Last Kingdom. 1661 LOVELL Hist. Anita, fy Min. 438 
According to quaternaries, or septenaries [of days] after the 
nature of the disease. 1809 W. IRVING Knickerb. (1861) 44 
They are regarded with as much veneration as were the 
disciples of Pythagoras . . when initiated into the sacred 
quaternary of numbers. 1845 DAY An. Chem. I. 141 Thus 
quaternary compounds may be split into several quaternaries 
with the same or a different radical 

Quaternate (kwgtsun^t), a. [f. as prec. + 
-ATE 2 : cf. F. quaterni] Arranged in, or forming, 
a set or sets of four ; composed of four parts. 

1753 CHAMBERS Cycl. Stiff. s.v. Leaf. 1867 J. HOGG 
Microsc. ii. L 295 The Sarcina ventriculi, with its remark- 
able-looking quaternate spores. 1875 BENNETT & DYER tr. 
Sachs' Bot. 391 With a long stalk and a quaternate lamina. 

Comb. 1829 LOUDON Encycl. Plants Gloss. 1103/2 Quater. 
nate-pinnate, pinnate, the pinnae being arranged in fours. 

II Quate'rnio. rare. = next. 

1678 CUDWORTH Intell. Syst. I. iii. 9. in Aristotle in his 
Metaphysicks, speaking of the Quaternio of Causes [etc.]. 
1681 H. MORE Ejrp. Dan. ii. 25 These are the Four Winds 
of^ Heaven, The Quaternio of the Angelical Ministers of 
Divine Providence. 187* D. BROWN Life John Duncan v. 
87 Watson broke up the quaternio by going to Edinburgh. 



36 

Quaternion (kwgtaunipn). [ad. late L. qua- 
ternio, -ion-em, f. quaterni four together : cf. obs. 
F. quaternion (Godef.).] 

1. A group or set of four persons or things. 

1381 WYCLIF Acts xii. 4 Bitakinge [him] to foure qua- 
ternyouns of Kny^tis . . for to kepe him. [TlNDALE and 
later versions, quaternions of soudiers (souldiers).] 1599 
B. JONSON Cynthia's Rev. v. iii. (Masque i), The fitter to 
conduct this quaternion [--these four fair virgins]. 1648 
JENKYN Blind Guide Pref. Aiij, He puts his whole Booke 
under a quaternion of topicks. 1695 TRYON Dreams fy Vis. 
x. 185 This. . Elementary Quaternion of Earth, Air, Water 
and Fire. 1745 tr. Colianella's Hush. HI. xx, So let us be 
content with a certain Quaternion as it were of chosen vines. 
1868 MH.MAN St. PauCs xii. 329 His great quaternion of 
English writers, Shakspeare, Hooker, Bacon, Jeremy Taylor. 
b. A quatrain. rare~ '. 

1846 LANDOR Pentam. iv. Wks. 1876 III. 517 You have 
given me a noble quaternion. 

2. Of paper or parchment: a. A quire of four 
sheets folded in two. t b. A sheet folded twice. 

t65 USSHER Anrat. "Jesuit 398 The quaternion, .in which 
I transcribed these things out of my table-booke. 1656 
BLOUNT Glossogr., Quaternion, .. a Quire with four sheets, 
or a sheet foulded into four parts. 1816 SINGER Hist. Cards 
167 Before they had completed the third quaternion (or 
gathering of four sheets) 4000 florins were expended. 1881-3 
SCHAFF EHcycl. Relig. Knawl. I. 268 The books were 
mostly made up of quaternions, i.e. quires of four sheets, 
doubled so as to make sixteen pages. 

3. The number 4 or 10 (cf. QUATERNARY). 

1637 HEYWOOD Land. Spec. Wkl 1874 IV. 310 The 
Pythagoreans expresse their holy oath in the quaternion. 
1768-74 TUCKER Lt. Nat. (1834) I. 462 Adore the sacred 
quaternion : the quaternion containeth under it one, two, 
and three. . . The quaternion four alone is one and uncom- 
pounded. 

4. Math. a. The quotient of two vectors, or the 
operator which changes one vector into another, 
so called as depending on four geometrical elements, 
and capable of being expressed by the quadrinomial 
formula w + xi + yj + zk, in which w, x, y, z are 
scalars, and i, j, k are mutually perpendicular 
vectors whose squares are i. b. //. That form 
of the calculus of vectors in which this operator is 
employed, invented by Sir W. R. Hamilton in 1 843. 

1843 SIR W. R. HAMILTON Let. in Pkilm. Mag. XXV. 
493 We have, then, this first law for the multiplication of 
two quaternions together. 1858 Let. 15 Oct. ibid. 436 
To-morrow will be the isth birthday of the Quaternions. 
They started into life, or light, full grown on the i6th of 
October, 1843. 1866 (Title) Elements of Quaternions. 
1873 H. SrENCER-SfW. Sxiol. (1882) 7 The value of Quater- 
nions for pursuing researches in physics. 

5. attrib. or as adj. Consisting of four persons, 
things, or parts. 

1814 GARY Dante, Purgatory xxxill. 3 The trinal now, 
and now the virgin band Quaternion, their sweet psalmody 
began. 1849 TICKNOR Span. Lit. I. 27 When and where 
this quaternion rhyme, as it is used by Berceo, was first in- 
troduced, cannot be determined. 

Hence t Quate rnion v., to arrange in quaternions 
(only \nfa.fple. Quate'rnioned) ; Qnaternio'nlc 
a., pertaining to quaternions; Quate-rnionist. 
one who studies quaternions. 

1641 MILTON Ch. Gmt. \. i, Yea, the Angels themselves. . 
are distinguish'd and quaternion'd into their Celestial 
Princedoms, and Satrapies. 1873 TAIT Quaternions (ed. 2) 
266 It would be easy to give this a more strictly quaternionic 
form. 1881 J. VENN Syrttbolic Logic 91 Do we depart wider 
from the primary traditions of arithmetic than the Quater- 
nionist does ? 

Quate:rnita-rian. rare. [f. next, after uni-, 
tnnitarian.] One who believes that there are four 
persons in the Godhead. 

18*9 GEN. P. THOMPSON Exerc. (1842) I. 72 We should all 
have been Quaternitarians, and Quaternitarians would have 
been the orthodox. 1805 M. ARNOLD Ess. Crit. viii, (1875) 
328 The Jansenists . . are, without thinking or intending it, 
Quaternitarians. 

Qnaternity (kwgta-miti). [ad. late L. quater- 
mtas (Augustine, etc.), f. quaterni four together : 
see -TY. Cf. F. qualemitd.] 

1. A set of four persons (esp. in the Godhead, in 
contrast to the Trinity) or of four things. 

1519 MORE Dyaloge \. Wks. 145/1 He is bounden to beleue 
in y 8 trinite. And y" felowe beleueth in a quaternitie. 1603 
SIR C. HEYDON Jud, Astral, xx. 405 Antiquitie did deuide 
the elements into a treble quaternitie. 1678 CUDWORTH 
Intell. Syst. i. iv. 36. 557 Not a Trinity, but a Quaternity, 
or Four Ranks and Degrees of Beings. 1702 ECHARD Eccl. 
Hist. 349 [The Marcosians] instead of a Trinity . . held a Qua- 
ternity composed of Ineffability, of Silence, of the Father, 
and of the Truth. 1830 J. DOUGLAS Truths Relig. iv. (1832) 
185 Plato may be argued to have held either a trinity or a 
quaternity. 1889 Sat. Rev. 26 Oct. 475/1 A remarkable 
quaternity of great-grandmamma, grandmamma, mamma, 
and little daughter. 

2. The fact or condition of being four in number, 
or an aggregate of four. 

1839 BAILEY Festus xix. (1852) 287 Some [held] that in 
mystical quaternity all Deity existed. 

f 3. erron. A quarter. Obs. rare'. 

1633 P. FLETCHER Purple lil. v. xii, The first with divers 
..turnings wries, Cutting the town in four quaternities. 

Quateron, obs. variant of QUADROON. 

t Quaterpetal. Obs. rare-*, [f. L. quater four 
times.] A plant whose flowers have four petals. 

1715 J. PETIVER in Phil. Trans. XXIX. 274 Hertx Telra- 
petalx, Quaterpetals. 



QUATRE. 

t Quater-pierced. Her. Var. of quarter- 
pierced; see QUARTER sb. 30. Obs. 

1610 GUILLIM Heraldry n. vii. (1611) 71 He beareth azure 
a crosse moline, Quater-pierced, or. . . This is termed 
puater-pierced, quasi Quadrate pierced, for that the piercing 
is square as a Trencher. 

t Quater-temper, -temps. Obs. rare. [a. OF. 
quatior-, quatuortempre (ad. L. qttatuor tempora] 
and quatretemps't. quatre four + temps time. Cf. 
QUAKTER-TENSE.] The four fasting-periods of the 
year: see EMBER ^ 

1535 in Weaver Wells Wills (1890) 205 All crysten sowles 
contynually remembryd in the fraternyteof yquaier temps 
of y same. xo BALE Eng . Votaries \\. 53 They appointed 
the laye people to fast y* Lent, .. aduent, rogacyon dayes, 
and quatertemper. 

t Quatervois. Obs. rare. Also 7 quatrefois. 
[Refashioning of CARFAX, after F. quatre four -f 
voie way.] A place where four ways meet. 

1646 J. GREGORY Notes 4- Obs. (1650) 108 In the Tetram- 
podus or Quatrefois of that City . . there stood a marble 
statue of Venus. 1687 WOOD Life Sept. (O. H. S.) III. 230 
When he came to Quatervois he was entertaind with the 
wind musick or waits belonging to the city and Universitie. 

Quateryme : see QUATREME. 

Quath(e, obs. variants of QUOTH. 

t Qua*thrigan. Obs. rare, [ad. L. quadriga] 
= QUADRIGA (by Ormin supposed to be a four- 
wheeled chariot) ; also fig. the four gospels. 

rizoo ORMIN Pref. 3 J>iss boc..iss wrohht off quabbrigan, 
Off goddspetl bokess fowwre. Ibid. 21 patt wa^n iss 
nemmnedd quabbrigan bat hafebj> fowwre wheless. 

Quatkin, obs. form of WHATKIN. 

Quatorzaiu (kae't^iz^n). Also 6 quaterzayn, 
7 quatorzen, 9 quatuorzain. See also QUATOR- 
ZIEM. [a. F. quatorzaitte a set of fourteen (persons, 
days, etc.), f. quatorze \ see next.] A piece of verse 
consisting of fourteen lines ; a sonnet. In mod. use 
spec. A poem of fourteen lines resembling a sonnet, 
but without strict observance of sonnet-rules. 

1583 G. BUCKE Commend. Verses in 7*. Watson's Centtirie 
of Lone ( Arb. ) 33 The Thuscan's poesie, Who skald [ = scaled] 
the skies in lofty Quatorzain. 1591 NASHE Pref. Sidney's 
Astr. $ Stella^ Put out your rush candles you poets and 
rimers and bequeath your quaterzayns to chandlers. 1605 
CHAPMAN All Fooles u. i. 174 Sonnets in Doozens or your 
Quatorzaines [printed -anies]. iSia LOFFT (title\ Laura: 
or, an Anthology of Sonnets (on the Petrarcan model), and 
Elegiac Quatuorzains. 1836 H. F. CHORLEY Mrs.Hemans 
(1837) II. 276 This volume .. contains also many beautiful 
sonnets, or more strictly speaking, quatuorzains. 1880 Sat. 
Rev. 27 Mar. 421 The sonnet became.. as incorrect as in.. 
Cowper's exquisite quatorzain to Mrs. Unwin. 

II Quatorze (kat^uz), [F. quatorze : L quatuor- 
dectm fourteen.] In piquet, a set of four similar 
cards (either aces, kings, queens, knaves, or tens) 
held by one player, which count as fourteen. 

1701 FARQUHAR Sir H. Wildair v. iv, Show for it, my 
lord ! I showed quint and quatorze for it. 1778 C. JONP.S 
Hoyle's Games Impr. 127 Let us suppose the Younger-hand 
to have two Quatorze against him. 1821 LAMB Elia Ser. i. 
Mrs. Battle on Whist. I love to get a tierce or a quatorze, 
though they mean nothing. 1868 PARDON Card Player 51 
You are to call a quatorze preferably to three aces. 

Quatorziem, -sime, obs. Sc. varr. QUATORZAIN. 

For the change of ending, cf. QUINZIEME 2. 

1615 in Montgonterie's Poems (S. T. S.) Introd. 51 The 
Cherrie and the Slae. .Newly altered, perfyted and divided 
into 1 14 Ouatorziems. (c 1724 RAMSAY Some Contents Ever- 
green ix, Montgomery's quatorsimes sail evirpleis.] 

Quatrain (kwjtrf**). Also 6 quadrain, 
-rein(e, -reyne, 7 -ren, -rin, -ran. [a. F. quat- 
raittj f quadrain (Cotgr.), f. quatre four.] 

1. A stanza of four lines, usually with alternate 
rimes ; four lines of verse. 

a. 1585 JAS. I Ess. Poesie (Arb.) 13 Ane qvadrain of Alex- 
andrin verse. 1589 PUTTENHAM Eng. Poesie n. ii. (Arb.) 81 
It is not a hultane or a staffe of eight, but two quadrems. 
1611 FLORID, Quartette,, .a quadren of a Sonnet, or staffe of 
foure verses. 1651 DELAUNE (title] A Legacie to his bonnes. 
Digested into Quadrins. 

p. 1666 DRVDEN Pref. Ann. Mirab. Wks. (Globe) 38, J 
have chosen to write my poem in quatrains or stanzas of four 
in alternate rhyme. 1083 TEMPLE Mem. Wks. 1731 I. 478 
A Quatrain recited out of Nostredamns. 1823 ROSCOE tr. 
Sistnondt's Lit. Eitr. (1846) I. iv. 102 The beautiful stanza 
of ten lines, in one quatrain and two tercets. 1856 R. A. 
VAUGHAN Mystics (1860) II. 7 There are many terse and 
happy couplets and quatrains in the Wanderer. 
b. A set of four persons, nonce-use. 

1862 S. LUCAS SeLiilaria 289 There were four English 
men of letters .. of this stately quatrain Swift and Dryden 
are the only two he has encountered in his history. 

2. = QUARTERN 5. rare" 1 . 

1819 SOUTHEY Lett. (1856) III. 120 Did I send you the 
opening of ' Oliver Newman ', in a small square size . . or in 
half quatrain form? 

II Quatre (katr, ka-tai). Also 6 quatter, 6, 8 
quater. [F. quatre four.] The number four ; the 
four in dice. = CATER sb* 

a 1550 Image Hypocr. iv. in Skelton's Wks. II. 442/1 
Swordemen and knightes, That for the faith fightes With 
sise, sinke, and quatter. c 1570 Pride fy L&ivl. (1841) 75 All 
for a matter deer of quater ase. 1611 FLORIO, Quaderni, two 
quaters or foures at dice. 1694 MOTTEUX Rabelais v. x. 
(1737) 37 Cinques, Quaters, Treys. 1772 FOOTE Xabob n. 
Wks. 1799 II. 301 Cinque and quater: you're out. 1814 
GARY Dantt\ Paradise v. 59 Included, as the quatre in the 
sise. 1850 Bohn's Hand-bk. Games 383 Should two quatres 
be thrown, any of the following moves may be played. 



\ 

?, 



QUATBEBLE. 

Hence Qnatre-crested a., having four crests. . 
iniCowrKR Iliadu. 48 His helmet quatre-cresled. lA'ote. 
Juatre-crestcd. So I have rendered Terpo</>aAijpoi'.] 

t Quatreble, and s6. Obs. Also 5 -trebil, 
tribill, 6 -treple, quadreble, -ible. [Alteration 
.f V. i/itaJritpk on anal, of triblc TREBLE.] 
A. adj. = QUADRUPLE. 

1398 I HKVISA Bartli. DC P. R. xix. cxxv. (1495) 925 Thre 
trcbk to one; and fowre is quatreble to one. [See also 
JUIMIII.K.] c 1400 tr. Secreta Secret., Col'. Lordsli. 82 
Treble or qnalreblee [odours], 1454 Rolls Parlt. V. 273 
The quatreble value of Wolles . . so shippid. 1489 Harbour's 
Hrui t(Edinb. MS.) xvm. 30 He suld fecht that day Thocht 
tribill and quatribill war thai. 1553 Respublica (Brandl) n. 
iii. 4 Ye, double knave youe, will ye never be other? .. Ye, 






quatreble Value of that which he hath taken.) 
B. sb. 1. A fourfold amount. 

14 . . Lansdowne .VS. 763 in N. ,$ Q. 4th Ser. (1870) VI. 
117/1 The same proportion that is betwene twoe small 
numberis, the same is betwene doubles and treblis, and 
quatrebils and quiniblis. 1439 Rolls Parlt. IV. 349/1 Ye 
parte pleynyng shal have ye quatreble of his damages. 
1540-1 ELYOT Image Gov. 51 If they had dooen euill, tney 
shuld paie the quatreple or foure tymes so much as they 
receiued. 

2. Mus. A note higher than the treble, being an 
octave above the mean. (Cf. QUINIBLE.) 

1518 [see next quot.]. 1855-7 W. CHAPPEUL Pop. Mus. 
Olden Time I. 34 To sing a 'quatrible' [means] to descant 
hyfourths. The. .term is used by Cornish in his Treatise be- 
tween Trowthe and Enformacion, 1528. 1870 in N. <$ Q. 
4th Ser. VI. 117/1 The quatreble began and ended a twelfth 
above [the plain song] and the quimble a fifteenth. 

Hence f Quatreble (qnadrible) v., to quadruple ; 
also Mus., to sing a qnatreble. 

1398 TREVISA Barth. De P. R. xvm. ix. (1495) 759 Some 
serpentes haue many hedys, for some ben dowole and some 
treblyd and some quatrebled. '1500 i'rov. in Antiq. Re. 
(1809) IV. 406 He that quadribilithe to hy, his voice is 
variable. 1607 J. NORDEN Surv. Dial. II. 67 The profile 
was twice quadrebled. 

Quatrefoil (kje'tajfoil), sb. and a. Forms : 5 
quaterfoile, -foyl(e, katir-, katerfoil, quarter- 
foyle, (9 -foil), 6 quaterfoille, -foyle, -fold, 
caterfoyle, 7 -foile, 8- quadre-, quatrefoil, (9 
-feuil-le). [a. OF. type *quatrefoil, f. quatre four 
+foil leaf, FOIL sb^- Cf. CINQUEFOIL.] 
f A. adj. Having four leaves. Obs. rare. 

c 1420 Pallad. on Hush. n. 57 Whan whete is quaterfoyle 
[L. quatuor /oliorum] and barley fyue. .hit is to wede hem. 
Ibid. xi. nS'And katerfoil, when thai beth vp yspronge, 
Transplaunte hem. 

B. sb. f 1- A set of four leaves. Obs. rare 1 . 

c 14*0 Pallad. on Husb. HI. 623 Let grounden glas go 
syfte on hem . . When theyr trefoyl or quaterfoyl is owte. 

2. A compound leaf or flower consisting of four 
(usually rounded) leaflets or petals radiating from 
a common centre ; also, a representation or con- 
ventional imitation of this, esp. as a charge in 
Heraldry, b. Arch. An opening or ornament, 
having its outline so divided by cusps as to give it 
the appearance of four radiating leaflets or petals. 

Double quatrefoil, an ornament, etc., having eight divisions 
similarly disposed. 

1494 FABYAN Chrott. vii. 600 Quynces in compost. Blaund 
lure, powderyd with quarter foyles gylt. 1520 in Archxo- 
logia LI1I. 19 A crosse sylver and gylte like a quaterfold. 
1561 LEIGH Armorie (1597) nob, He beareth .. a double 
Caterfoyle. . . He beareth the quaterfoyle double . . because 
he is the viij from the heire. 1610 GUILLIM Heraldry \. vi. 
(1611)26 The Crosse Moline, and the Double Cater-foile. 
1771 Antiq. Sarisb. 191 A little cross . . like a quaterfoille. 
1805 SCOTT Last Minstr. n. ix, The key-stone, that lock'd 
each ribbed aisle, Was a fleur-de-lys, or a quatre-feuille. 
1849 FREEMAN Archil. 360 We .. find in Early Gothic the 
head of a couplet filled with a circle, a quatrefoil [etc.]. 

Hence Qua-trefoiled a., having the form of a 
quatrefoil, divided into four parts by cusps. 

1848 B. WEBB Cont. EcclesM. 62 The side lights having 
quatrefoiled circles in their heads. 1855 F.cdesiologist XVI. 
295 A taller column, quatrefoiled in section. 1881 N. $ Q. 
6th Ser. III. 133/1 A brass seal with a quatrefoiled handle. 

So Quatrefo'liated a. 

1850 T. INKERSLEY Inq. Rom. fy Pointed Archit. France 
300 Sustaining two quatrefoliated circles. 

Quatrefois, variant of QUATERVOIS. 

1 Quatreme, -ime. Obs. rare. In 5 quat- 
erime,-(e)ryme, katereme. [a. OF. quatrieme, 
-esnie (i-tth c. in Godef.), subst. use of quatrHinc. 
fourth.] A duty or tax of a fourth part levied on 
certain commodities. 

1:1460 FORTKSCUK Abs. $ Lint. Mon. x. (1885) 131 The 
gabell off the salt, and the quaterimes of the wynes, were 
graunted to the kynge by the iij estates of France, c 1465 
Eng. Chroii. (Camden 1856) 48 Alle maner custumez, fe fer- 
mez. and quatrymez. 1480 CAXTON Citron. Eng. vii. (1520) 

149/2 All maner customes and fee fermes and katerenits. 

Quatreple, -trible, variants of QUATHEBLK. 

t Quatri-dual, a. Obs. rare- 1 , [f. L. quat- 
ridu-um + -AL.] Lasting for four days. 

1646 R. BAII.I.IK Annlaplism (1647) 34 This is the fruit of 
th'-ir qu.itiidual fastings. 

Qua'trin. Now rare. Also 5 katereyn, (> 
-in, -yn, 6-7 quatrine. [a. OF. quatrin, qttaJrin 
(Godef.), or It. quattrino, f. quattro four.] A small 
piece of money ; a farthing. Cf. QUAUBINK '. 



37 

t 1400 Afol. Loll. 12 pou schalt ;cue me foure floreynis. . . 
And he ansuerid, So)?Ii, I haue but foure katereynis. 1547 
BOURDE Introd. Kutnvl. xxiii. (1870) 179 (Italy) In bras they 
haue kateryns, and byokes, and denares. 1582 MUNDAV 
ting. Rom. Life in Harl. Misc. (Malh.) II. 202 Supping so 
well as I coulde, with two quatrines woorth of leekes. 1617 
MOKYSON I tin. i. 92 From hence [Bologna] we hired a boat 
for foure bollnei and foure quatrines. 1888 Pall Mall G. 
17 Nov. 2/2 Does it refer to the Pope who had not a quatrin, 
or to St. Martin? 

Quatriplate, Quatrivial, Quatron(e, 
Quatroon, varr. or obs. ff. Qu ADR u PLATE, QUAD- 
KIVIAL, QUARTERN, QUADROON. 

fQuatrumvirate. Ofa.- 1 = QUATUORVIRATE. 

1684 T. GODDARD Ptato's Demon 53 The whole Trium- 
virate, or if you will, Quatrumvirate are included. 

Quat-so-(euer), Quatt, obs. ff. WHAT-SO- 
(BVER), WHAT. Quatter, obs. f. QUATBE. 
II Quattrocento (kwatt&itfrnte). [It., lit. 

* four hundred ', but used for ' fourteen hundred * : 
cf. CINQUECENTO.] The fifteenth century (14..)) 
as a period of Italian art, architecture, etc. 

1875 POLLEN Anc. fy Mod, Furn. 61 The better known 
Italian furniture of the quattrocento . . is gilt and painted. 
1882-3 J- L. CORNING in Schaff Encycl. Relig, Knowl. III. 
2139 We may include both of these the quatrocento [stc] 
and the cinquecento in the third great period of Christian 
sculpture. 

Hence Quattroce'ntist, |1 -centrsta (It., with 
pi. -isti), -centiste (F.), an Italian artist, author, 
etc. of the i.5th c. ; also attrib. or as adj. 

1855 MOTLEY Corr. (1889) I. vi. 182 The wonderful Quattro 
Centisti of Florence, the painters, I mean, of the fifteenth 
century. 1873 OUIDA Pascarel I. 66 He would bring out 
from its corner his little old quattrocentiste viol. 1886 
HOLMAN HUNT in Contemp. Rev. XLIX. 476, I began to 
trace the purity of work in the quattrocentists, to this 
drilling of undeviating manipulation. Ibid. 477 The quattro- 
centist work .. became dearer to me as I progressed. 

Qua'tuor. Mus. [L. 'four .1 = QUARTET i. 

The current term in Fr., but not now in Eng. use. 
17*6 BAILEY, Quatuor (in Musick Books) signifies Musick 
composed for 4 Voices. 1811 in BUSBY Diet. Mus, (ed. 3^ 

f Quatuordecangle, Obs. mre~-\ [f. L. 
quatitor four + dec-em ten + ANGLE.] A figure 
having fourteen angles. 

1667 COLLINS in Rigaud Corr, Sci. Men (1841) I. 128 The 
side of a regular quatuordecangle inscribed in a circle. 

Quatuo'rvirate. rare-*, [ad. L, quatuor- 
virat-us, f. quatttor four + vtr man. Cf. QUAD- 
RUM-, QUARTUM-, QUATKUMVIRATE.] A body of 
four men. 

1856 W, C. LAKE in Life (1901) 195 Lending his religious 
influence to the Triumvirate or Quatuorvirate. 

fQuaught, v. Obs. rare 9 , [var. of quaff, 
QUAFF v. or of Sc. WATJCHT.] To drink deeply. 

1530 PALSGR. 676/2, I quaught, I drinke all out. Je boys 
dautant. Wyll you quawght with me? 

Quauk, Sc. form of QDAKE v, 

t Quave f sb. Obs. [f. next.] A shake, tremble. 

138*, etc. [see EARTH-QUAVE]. c 1440 Promp, Parv. 419/2 
Quaue, of a myre (K. t P. quaue, as of a myre), labina. 
1635 SWAN Spec. M. (1670) 196 A quave of the earth 
swallowed a middle part of the city Misia. 

t Quave, v. Obs. Also 3 cwauien, 4, 6 quaue, 
5 qvavyn, 6 queaue. [Early ME. cwavien, prob. 
repr. an OE. *cwafian^ of parallel formation to 
cwacian QUAKE ; for the stem cf. QUIVER v.~\ 

1. intr. To quake, shake, tremble. 

<z 1225 Si. Marker. 19 Al be eorSe .. bigon to cwakien 
[B. ant to cwauien]. 1377 LANGL. P. PI. B. xviu. 61 The 
wal wagged and clef, and al the worlde quaued. 1383 
WYCLIF i Sam. xxviii. 5 And Saul, .dradde, and his herte 
quauyde ful myche. c 1440 Prontp. Parv. 419/2 Qvavyn, 
as myre, trento. 1481 CAXTON Myrr. II. c. 22 Now vnder- 
stande ye . . how the erthe quaueth and shaketh. 1509 
Part. Devylles Ivi, The erthe quaued .. Valeys and stones 
brest asonder. 1687 MIEGE Grt. Fr. Diet, n, To Quave. 
As to quave with fat. [1825 see Qnaving ppl. a.J 

2. intr. To beat, palpitate ; to throb with life. 
1387 TREVISA Higden (Rolls) VII. 37 fe place at Schaftes- 

bury J>ere his longes jit quaveb al fresche and sound. 1389 
PUTTENHAM Eng. Poestc in. xix. (Arb.) 223 Is he aliue, Is 
he as I left him queauing and quick. 

Hence f Qua'ving vfrl. sb. and ///. a. 

13. . E. E. Allit. P. B. 324, I schal. .quelle alle bat is quik 
with quauende flodez. 1382 WYCLIF i Kings xix. n After 
the wynde, quauynge ; not in the quauyng the Lord. 1533 
ELYOT Cast. Heltk i. ii, That body is called fleumatike, 
wherein water hath pre-eminence, and is perceiued by these 
signes : fatnesse, quaving^ and soft. 1610 HOLLAND Cam- 
den's Brit. \. 530 So quavmg soft and moist the Bases were. 
1825 BRITTON Beauties Wilts^ III. 8 In the valley, .are 
some quagmires, called by the inhabitants quaving-gogs, 

t Qna'vemire. Obs. [f. QUAVE v. + MIRE.] 
^QUAGMIRE (q.v.). 

1530 PALSGR., Quave myre, foundrierf) crouliere. 1565 
JEWEL Def. Apol. (1611)404 Pooles, Marishes,. .and Quaue- 
mires. 1601 HOLLAND Pliny I. 221 Dyonisius was forced 
to leaue his horse sticking fast in a quaue-mire. 1610 
Camdeti's Brit. 529 The Lower [part] hath in it foule and 
slabby quave mires, yea and most troublesome fennes. 

Jtf. 1581 J. BELL Haddon's Attsw. Osor. 206 They do 
winne nothing by thys distinction : seeing that they fall 
back into the same quavemire. 

Quaver (kw^'-vaa), sb. [f. the vb.] 

1. Mus. A note, equal in length to half a crotchet 
or one-eighth of a semibreve. 

1570 LEVINS Manip. 76/18 A Quauer, otfaua pars men- 
surz. 1597 MOKLEY Introd. Mus, Annot., Who inuented 



QUAVERING. 

the Crotchet, Quauer and Semiquauer is vncertaine. 1659 
LKAK Waterwks. 31 Demi-crocnets or Quavers, whereof 
there are sixteen in one measure. 1706 A. BEDFORD Temple 
Mus. viii. 165 The greatest Part, .is sung tn Short Notes. . 
and are Prickt with Quavers. 1789 E. DARWIN Bat, Card. 
ii. (1791) 60 And then the third on four concordant lines, 
Prints the lone crotchet, and the quaver joins. 1866 ENGKI, 
Nat. Mus. iii. 90 A slight alteration of the melody.. such 
as a substitution of two quavers for a crotchet. 

fig. a 1619 FOTHERBY Atheont. n.xii. i (1622) 327, I will 
not strictly examine euery crochet and quauer. 

2. Mus. A shake or trill in singing, 

x6n CORYAT Crudities 27, I heard a certaine French man 
who sung very melodiously with curious quauers. 1711 
ADDISON Sped. No. 29 F n A Voice so full of Shakes and 
Quavers, mat I should have thought the Murmurs of a 
Country Brook the much more agreeable Musick. 1768-74 
TUCKER Lt. Nat. (1834) II. 443 The people . . attend solely 
to their quavers, without heeding the substance of what 
they sing. 1817 BYRON Beppo ii, There are songs and 
quavers, roaring, humming. 1883 STEVENSON Treas. 1st. 
v. xxiii, A. .sailor's song, with a droop and a quaver at the 
end of every verse. 

b. in instrumental music, rare. 



Instrument [the Cat-call] itself, or those several Quavers and 
Graces which are thrown into the playing of it. 

3. A shake or tremble in the voice ; a tremulous 
voice or cry. 

1748 RICHARDSON Clarissa (1811) III. xiii. 86 [She] drew 
a sigh into two or three but just audible quavers. 1833 HT. 
MARTINEAU TaUofTyne iii. 53 There was. .a quaver of the 
voice which belied what he said. i88a STEVENSON New 
Arab. Nts. (1884) 63 Silas, with a quaver, admitted that he 
had done so. 

4. A quivering or tremulous movement. Alsq/Jf. 
1736 H. BROOKE Univ. Beauty v. 136 Tissu'd wing its 

folded membrane frees, And with blithe quavers fans the 
gath'ring breeze. 1881 STEVENSON Virg. Puerisqite, Eng. 
Admirals 208 The worth of such actions is not a thing to 
be decided in a quaver of sensibility. 

Quaver (kw^'vai), v. Also 5 qwaver. [f. 
QUAVE v. + -ERS. Cf. QUIVER v.] 

1. intr. To vibrate, tremble, quiver. Now rare. 
1430-40 LVDG. Bochas vm. viii. (1558) fol. vi, Whose 

double whele quauereth euer in dout. 1477 SIR J. PASTON 
in P. Lett. III. 174 It semythe that the worlde is alle 
qwaveryng. 1590 MARLOWE wd Pt. Tamburl. i. iii, Their 
fingers made to quaver on a lute. 1629 GAULE Holy Madn, 
206 Tongue stammers, lips quauer. 1692 LUTTRELL Brief 
Rel. (1857) II. 571 The earthquake was so severe, .that the 
streets quavered like the waves of the sea. 1839 BAILEY 
Festus ix. (1852) 125 Like rivers over reeds Which quaver 
in the current. 1887 STEVENSON Misadv. J. Nicholson ii. 
4 The breeze, .set the flames of the street-lamps quavering. 
b. Of the voice : To shake, tremble. 
1741 RICHARDSON Pamela II. 43 That melodious Voice 
praying for me. .still hangs upon my Ears, and quavers upon 
my Memory. i8ag J. NEAL Bro. Jonathan 1.401 His fine 
voice quavered. 1866 G. MACDONALD Ann. Q. Neighb. \. 
(1878) 2 When my voice quavers. 

2. intr. To use trills or shakes in singing. 

1538 ELYOT, Vibrisso* To quauer in syngynge. a 159* 
H. SMITH in Spurgeon Treas. Dav. Ps. cxxxvi. i Like 
a nightingale, which . . quavers and capers, and trebles 
upon it. 1665 BRATHWAIT Cotnm, 2 Tales 23 He quavers 
in his musical Aires melodiously. 1684 tr. Agrippa s Van. 
Arts liv. 147 In Singing also the Italians Bleat, the 
Spaniards Whine, the Germans Howl, and the French 
Quaver. 1708 J. PHILIPS Cyder ii. 413 Now sportive Youth 
Carol incondite Rhythms with suiting Notes, And quaver 
unharmonious. 1806-7 J. BERESFORD Miseries Hum. Life 
(1826) v. xii, One poor singer quavering like Orpheus of old 
to the trees. 1854 H. MILLER Sch. ff Schm. (1858) 403 Jock 
laboured hard to keep up with his guide; quavering and 
semi-quavering, as his breath served. 

3. trans. To sing (a note, song, etc.) with trills 
or quavers. Also withyfetit, out. 



Can a groan Be quaver'd out by soft division? 1757 DYER 
Fleece (1807) 94 TV am'rous youth . . Quavers the choicest 
of his sonnets. 1820 W. IRVING Sketch Bk. (1859) 150 He 
quavered forth a quaint old ditty. 1856 R. W. PROCTER 
Barber's Shop xiv. (1883) 118 The song which Jack, .liked 
most to quaver was Alice Gray. 

4. trans. To drive away by playing quavers. 

1780 COWPER Progr. Err. 127 With wire and catgut .. 
Quavering and seimquavering care away. 

Hence Qua- vered ///. a. Also Qna-verer, one 
who quavers. 

1611 COTCR., Gringuenoteur^ A warbler, shaker, quauerer. 
176* SIR W. JONES Arcadia 164 His tune so various and 
uncouth he made, That, .not a nymph [could] the quaver d 
notes approve. i8oa in Spirit Pub. Jrnls. VI. 222 Italia 
sends us home Three quaverers together. 

Quaver, obs. Sc. form of QUIVER sb.\ 

Quavering (kw^ 1 -varin) , vbl. sb. [f. QUAVBB v. 

+ -INQ1.1 The action of the vb., in various senses. 

1551 HULOET, Quauerynge, vibratio. 1577 ^.Bullinger's 
Decades (15921 932 A Hymne .. may bee humbhe vttered 
without quauering of the voice. 1634 WITHER Embl. 82 
T'will cause a thousand quaverings in your breast. 1706 
A. BEDFORD Temple Mus. vii. 158 Tebhir .. may denote a 
Shake or Quavering of the Voice. 1826 SCOTT Woodst.i, 
The . . Mayor then interrupted the quavering of . . the clerk. 
1892 E. REEVES Homeward Bound ^222 A buzzing, humming 
sound, .with quaverings on its sharp and flat. 

Quavering (kw^'varirj),///. a. [f. as prec. + 
-ING-.] That quavers, in senses of the vb. 

1430-40 LVDG. Bochas iv. xx. (1554) 119 In al such quauer- 
ing perseuerance Thinke on Lisymachus. 1561 HOLLVBUSH 




QUAVERINGLY. 

//tun. Afxilh. 22 S. Ihons l>eries. .be good for the quauering 
harte. 1607 TOPSELL Four-/. Beasts (1658) 272 Such pass- 
ing sweet musick as that his fine quavering hand could 
sometime make. 1725 POPE Odyss. xx. 222 With quavering 
cries the vaulted roofs resound. 1873 HOLLAND A. Bonnie. 
xxi. 340 A voice quite unnatural in its quavering sharpness. 

HenceQua-verin{flya<3fo.,ina quavering manner; 
with a quaver in the voice. 

1594 NASHE Unforl. Trail. Wks. 1883-4 V. 185 tarring on 
them quaueringly with his hammer. 1882 J. HAWTHORNE 
Fort. Fool i. xiu, ( I don't want to have you go, Jack ! ' said 
she, quaveringly. 

Quavery (kw^'-vari), a. rare. [f. as prec. + 
-Tfi.J Apt to quaver ; somewhat quavering. 

1519 HORMAN Vulg. 240 A quauery or maris and vnstable 
foundacion, must be holpe with great pylys of alder rammed 
downe. 1866 Miss BRADDON Lady's Mile 35 Quavery old 
sextons. 1890 HALL CAINE Bondman in. iv, He began to 
sing, .in his hoarse and quavery voice. 

So Qua-very-ma-very, in an uncertain or pre- 
carious condition, rare. 

1800 MALKIN Gil Bias x. ii. f 3 Your father . . is standing, 
as a body may say, quavery-mavery between life and death. 
a 1815 FORBY Voc. F.. Anglia,Quavery-mavery, undecided ; 
and hesitating how to decide. 

Quaving, vbl. s6. and ///. a. : see QUAVE v. 

tQuaviver. Obs. Also 7 quaui(u)er, qua- 
wiuer. [app. f. VIVEK ; the first element is obscure.] 
The fish called sea-dragon or dragonet. 

1589 RIDER Bibl. Scholast. 1723 A quaviuer, a kind of sea 
fish, araneus dracxna. 1611 COTCR., Traigne, the sea 
Dragon, Viuer,Quauiuer. 1655 MOUFET& BENNET Health's 
Improv. (1746) 258 Quawiuers, for so the Scots and Northern 
English term them, are very subtile and crafty Fishes. 1725 
BRADLEY Fain. Diet. s.v. Fish, Your Quavivers or Perches 
must be boiled in Water with Salt. 1783 AINSWORTH Lat. 
Diet. (Morell) n, Draco,, .a fish called a quaviver. 

t QuaTy, a. Ois. rare. Also 5 quauie, qwauy. 
[f. QUAVE v. + -yl.] Soft, flabby. 

1398 TREVISA Earth. De P. R. iv. ix. (Tollem. MS.), Dull 
of witte .. nesche of flesche and quauy. Ibid. vi. iv. (1405) 
191 The chyldes flesshe that is newe borne is tendre, nesshe, 
qwauy and vnsadde. 

Quavyr, obs. Sc. var. of QUIVER sb. 1 

Quaw (kwg). Sc. Also 9 qua(a, quah. [Of 
obscure origin, poss. repr. an earlier *quall: cf. 
quallmire and the forms cited s.v. QUAGMIRE.] 
A quag, quagmire. Also Quawmlre. 

"535 LYNDESAY Satyre 837 (Laing) Lyk ane quaw myre. 
1595 DUNCAN App. Etym. (E. D. S.), I'n-ago, a gulfe, or 
quaw-myre. 1814 MACTACGART Gallovid. Encycl., Qnakin- 
qtiaws or Quaws, or moving quagmire bogs. 1880 A ntrim 
fy Down Gloss., Qttaa, quah, a marsh; a quagmire, or 
shaking bog. 1894 CROCKETT Raiders 167 Green, deceitful 
' quakkin-qua's ', covered with a scum that looked like 
tender young grass. 

Quaw-bird, variant of QUA-BIRD. 

Quawght, variant of QUADGHT. Obs. 

Quawk (kwk), v . dial. [Imitative ; cf. CAWK 
sbf\ intr. To caw. Hence Quawking vbl. sb. 

1821 CLARE fill. Minstr. I. 24 Rous'd by quawking of the 
flopping crows. Ibid. II. 121 The rooks. .Quawk clamorous 
to the spring's approach. 1879- In dial, glossaries (Leic., 
Shropsh., etc.). 

t Quax, v. Oh.- 1 [? var. QUASS v.] To quaff. 

1509 BARCLAY Shyp o/Folys (1874) II. 261 Some drynkes : 
some quaxes the canykyn halfe full. 

Quay (k ), sb. [Later spelling of kay, KEY sb?, 
after F. quai. The pron. is that of key ; cf. how- 
ever quots. 1723 and 1850.] An artificial bank or 
landing-place, built of stone or other solid material, 
lying along or projecting into a navigable water 
for convenience of loading and unloading ships. 

1696 PHILLIPS (ed. 5), Quay or Kay, a broad Space pay'd 
upon the Shore of a River, Haven or Port, for the loading 
and unloading of Goods. 1713 SWIFT Stella at Wood-Park 
46 But now arrives the dismal day, She must return to 
Ormond-quay. 1756-7 tr. Keysler's Trim. (1760) II. 382 
Repairs and improvement of the ancient quay. 1800 COL- 
QUHOL-N Comm. I, Pol. Thames \. 26 The small Vessels land 
their Goods at the Quays. 1850 TENNYSON In Mem. xiv. 
If . . I went down unto the quay [rime to-day], And found 
thee lying in the port. 1884 PAE Eustace xviii. 233 A small 
quay ran along the north of the little harbour. 

b. at t rib. and Comb., as quay -berth, -charges, 
-dues, -edge, -head, -holder, -labourer, -like adj., 
man, -master, -room, -side (hence -sider), -space, 
-stone, -wall, etc. 

1798 R. DODD Port Loud. 7 Regular quay-walls on lx>th 
sides the river. Ibid. 9 The legal quay-holders and wharf- 
ingers. 1820 KEATS Lamia i. 224 His galley now Grated the 
quay-stones, c 1820 S. ROGERS Italy, Como 28 A quay-like 
scene, glittering and full of life. 1862 ANSTED Channel Is!. 
I. iii. (ed. 2) 40 The quay-room was extremely narrow and 
restricted. 1889 P. H. EMERSON Eng. Idyls 128 Paddling 
to a quay-head, they landed. 

Hence Quay z).l trans., to provide with a quay. 
Also Quayed (kd) ///. a. 

1799 W. TOOKE View Russian Emp. I. 256 The whole 
extent of the left-hand bank, Catharine the second caused 
to be quayed with granite. 1807 J. BARLOW Columb. iv. 
592 Quay the calm ports and dike the lawns I lave. 1857 
Ecclesiologist XVI 1 1. 175 The quayed and purified Thames. 

t Quay, v.* Obs. rare- 1 . [? Alteration of QUAIL 
v.] trans. To depress, subdue, daunt. 

1590 SPENSER F. O. i. viii. 14^ Therewith his sturdie corage 
soon was quayd, And all his sences were with suddem 
dread dismayd. 

Quay, obs. form of WHEY. 



38 

Quayage (kf-edg). [In sense i for earlier kay-, 
KEY AGE, q.v. ; in sense 2 f. QUAY sb. + -AGE.] 

1. Dues levied on goods landed or shipped at 
a quay, or on ships using the quay. 

1756 in ROLT Diet. Trade. 1778 Kngl. Gazetteer (ed. 2) 
s.v. Truro, The quayage of goods laden or unladen there. 
1894 T. H. WYLIE Hut. Eng. Hen. H', II. 475 A quayage 
ofi 6a. was levied on every ship bringing articles alongside. 

2. Quay-room, quay-space. 

1840 Evid. Hull Docks Comm. 29 You have allotted con- 
siderable room for quayage. 1881 W. WILKINS Songs of 
Study 32 We strolled by the quayage and bridges. 1888 
Spectator 30 June 891/2 A hundred years ago, the quayage 
of the harbour [Glasgow] measured 382 yards. 

Quayer(e, obs. forms of QUIRE sb.^ 

t Quayf(e, quaff, obs. ff. COIF. (In qnots. 

' omentum ' ; cf. COIP 6, and Cotgr. s. v. Caiffe.) 
1597 LOWE Chimrg. (1634) 223 The cure [of tumor in the 

Navel] is . . reduce the pudding and Quaffe [etc.]. 1611 

). REYNOLDS God's Revenge n. 195 On his right side; but 

it touch't neither his bowels nor quayfe. 

Quayful. [f. QUAY sb. + -rut.] A quantity 
sufficient to fill a quay. 

1856 KANE Arct. ExpL II. xvii. 181 Much like a gang of 
stevedores going to work over a quayfut of broken cargo. 

Quayl e, Quaym, obs. ff. QUAIL sb. and v., 
WHOM. Quaynt(e, obs. f. QUAINT a. ; obs. pa. 
pple. of QUENCH v. Quayntance : see QUAINT- 
ANCE. Quayre, Quays, obs. ff. QUIKE, WHOSE. 

Que, obs. f. CUE si.i and sb?, QUEY. 

Queach.(kwftJ). Obs.m.dial. Also 5 queoh(e, 
7 queioh. [Of obscure etym.] A dense growth 
of bushes; a thicket (see also quot. iSzij). 

c 1450 Merlin xxvii. 540 The! rode so longe till the! com 
in to a thikke queche in a depe valey. 1486 Bk. St. Albans 
Dj, When ye come to a wode or a quech of bushus. 1565 
GOLDING Ovid's Met. i. (1593) 4 Their houses were the 
thicks, And bushie queaches. 1653 SIR W. DENNY Peleca- 
nicidium in. ix. 7 Through furzie Queaches thou must 
goe. a 1815 FORBY Vac. E. Anrlia, Oueach, a plat of ground 
adjoining arable land, and left unploughed, because full of 
bushes or roots of trees. 1831 L, HUNT Poems 198 Wood, 
copse, or queach. 

Queachy (kwrtfi), a. Obs. exc. dial. Also 6-7 
queohy, 9 {dial.) queeohy. [f. prec. + -Y^. For 
the connexion between senses I and 2, cf. CARR 2 .] 

1 1. Forming a dense growth or thicket. Obs. 

1565 GOLDING Ovid's Met.TiO Rdr. (1593) i Eche queachie 
grove, eche cragged clifle, the name of Godhead tooke. 
1586 W. WEBBE nf. Poetrie (Arb,) 76 Neuer againe shall 
I . . See ye in queachie briers, .clambrmg on a high hill. 

2. Of ground : Swampy, boggy. Obs. exc. dial. 
'593 PEELE Edw. I E iv, The dampes that rise from out 

the quechy [1599 quesie] plots. 1613 HEYWOOD Braz. Age 
n. ii. Wks. 1874 III. 190 Aime them at yon fiend, Den'd in 
the quechy bogge. 1631 CHETTLE Hoffmann I b, Nor doth 
the sun sucke from the queachy plot The ranknes . . of the 
Earth. 1886 ELWORTHY W. Sam. Word-it., Queechy, .. 
Applied to land wet ; sodden ; swampy. 

3. dial. Feeble, weak, small. 

1859 GEO. ELIOT A. Bede x, They're poor queechy things, 
gells is. 1886 ELWORTHY W. Som. Word-bk., Queechy, 
sickly, feeble, queasy. 

Quoad, variant of QUED, bad. Obs. 

Queal, queel (kw* 1), v. Obs. exc. dial. [Later 
form of QUAIL v. ; for the change of vowel, cf. 
QUEASY.] intr. and trans. = QUAIL v. 

1515 BARCLAY Egloges ii. (1570) B v, Their matters quealeth, 
for solde is all Justice. ip HOOPER Serni. Jonas vii. 
Wks. (Parker Soc.) 552 He bringeth forth a young tree... 
But the Lord queeleth it again straightway. z6aa W. 
YONOE Diary 19 Aug. (Camden) 63 The wind, .quealed all 
hedges towards the south. 1847-78 HALLIWELL, Queal to 
faint away. Devon, Ibid., Qneel, to grow flabby. Devon. 
1848 A. B. EVANS Leicestersli. Words, Queel, to extinguish : 
' He could not queel the fire'. 

Queale, obs. form of WHEAL. 

Quealy (?), a. : see QUEASY 3 c, qnot. 1649. 

Quean v kwn). Forms: I, 3cwene,(i owyne), 
3-0 quene, (5 qw-), 4-5 quen, queyne, 5 qw-, 
queyn, 4-6 queine, 7 queene, 7-8 queen, (8 
north, whein) ; 6-7 queane, (8 quane, 8-9 north. 
whean), 6- quean ; 8-9 Sc. quine. [OE. cwene 
wk. fern. = OS. quena (MDu. quene, Dn. kwecn 
a barren cow), OHG. quina, quena, c/t(w)ena, 
ON. kvenna, kvinna (gen. pi.), Goth, qino woman 
: OTeut. *kwendn-, a lengthened form of the stem 
which appears in Zend genS, Gr. ywij, OS1. and 
Russ. Zend, Olr. ben, repr. a common Aryan type 
*g w end: cf. QUEEN. 

In ME. the word was distinguished from QUEEN by its 
open e, which in the 14-15111 c. was sometimes denoted by 
the spelling with ei or ey, and later (as in other words of 
the class) by fa.] 

1. A woman, a female ; from early ME. a term 
of disparagement or abuse, hence: A bold, impu- 
dent, or ill-behaved woman ; a jade, hussy ; and 
spec, a harlot, strumpet (esp. in i6-i7th c.). 

tflooo^VrtWwlxxiii.flxxiv.) i Icweesfemne5eong,feaxhar 
cwene. a 1023 WULPSTAN Horn, xxiii. (1883) 161 note, pzt 
. . ane cwenan Xemainum ceape bicXaS . . and wi5 j>a ane 
fyloe adreoxaO. cizos LAY. 12872 Whair swa heo funden 
seine mon..|>a quenen [<: 1275 cwenes] lude lo^en. -1290 
S. Eng. Leg. I. 194/6 An old quene bare was biside, strong 
hore and baudestrote. 1393 LANGL. P. PI. C. ix. 46 At 
churche in the charnel cheorles aren vuel to knowe.. other 
a queyne fro a queene. 1481 CAXTON Reynard (Arb.) 95 



QUEASY. 

The fowle olde quenes wold fayne haue beten vs. 1532 
MORE Con/iit. Tindale Wks. 618/1 Tyll he ..catch him 
a queane & cal her his wife. 1589 NASHE Almond for 
Parrat 17 b, All spent in a Tauerne amongst a consort of 
queanes and fidlers. 1627 HAKEWILL Afol. (1630) 361 The 
common queanes, which got their maintenance by that 
trade. 1670 G. H. Hist. Cardinals i. in. 98 A certain 
paultry Queen in mans apparel, that would pass for a Lady. 
1777 SHERIDAN Sch. Scand. in. ii, Here's to the flaunting 
extravagant quean And here's to the housewife that's 
thrifty. 1823 BYRON Juan vi. xcvi, This martial scold, 
This modern Amazon and queen of queans. 1880 WEBB 
Goethe's Faust in. ii. 190 The dame's a most commodious 
quean, A gypsy born and go-between ! 

trans/, a 184$ HOOD Flowers i, The tulip is a courtly 
quean, whom, therefore, I will shun. 

2. Sc. A young woman, girl, lass; usually denoting 
one of a healthy and robust appearance. 

i 1470 HENRY Wallace iv. 782 A stalwart queyne, forsuth, 
yon semys to be. 1718 W. STARRAT Ep. to Kamsay 13 
Blaw up my heart-strings, ye Pierian quines. 1787 BURNS 
GuidTiiifc Wauchope iii, I see her yet, the sonsie quean, 
That lighted up my jingle. 1818 SCOTT Rob Roy xxvii, It 
shews a kind heart . . in sae young a quean ; Mattie's a carefu' 
lass. 1871 W. ALEXANDER Johnny Gibb (1873) 215, 1 notice* 
brawly that the quine hed been greetin. 

Hence f Quea ning-, associating with immodest 
women ; t Quea'nisli a., of the nature of, charac- 
teristic of, a quean ; f Quea'nry = Queaning. 

citfio A. SCOTT Poems (S. T. S.) xxxiv. 124 Quhair hur- 
dome ay vnhappis, With quenry, canis, and coppis. 1569 
J. SANFORD tr. Agrippa's Van. Artes 119 b, In feastinge, 



Night Raven (1620) 25 If she would seeke to mend her 
queanish life, a 1693 MOTTEUX Rabelais III. xxxiv. 284 
Queamsh flurting Harlots. 

Queare, obs. form of CHOIB sb. 

t Quease, ~'. ] Ois. rare. Also 5 qveyse, 6 
queash. [See SQUEEZE v.] To press, squeeze. 

< M50.M. Hawking in Kel.Ant. I. 302 Take mellfoyle 
and stamp it.. then after take al togedere, and put in a 
lynnyn cloth, and (jveyse out the jus. c 1550 LLOYD Treas. 
Health (1585) E iij, Presse the holowe ulceie, so that the 
rottenness may be queashed or crushed out. 1601 R. JOHN- 
SON Kingd. r Commw. (1603) 168 Their chiefest sustenance 
is mtlke dried in the sunne after the butter is queased out. 

tQueaae, v? Obs. rare- 1 . Insqweaase. (Of 
obscure origin and meaning.) 

c 1460 Tmvneley Myst. xiii. 487, I may not well qweasse. 
Ich fote that ye trede goys thorow my nese. 

Quea-sily, adv. [f. as next + -LY *.] In a queasy 
manner. (In quot. used as adj. ; cf. badly.) 

1845 BROWNING Flight Duchess xii. Wks. (1896) I. 416/2 
Since, before breakfast, a man feels but queasily. 

Queasiness (kwrzines). Also 6 queai-, 7 
queisi-, que(e)zi-. [f. QUEASY a. + -NESS.] The 
state or condition of being queasy (lit. and^f.). 

1579 LYLY Euphues (Arb.) 1 16 Their slibber sawces, whiche 
bring quesinesse to the stomacke. 1632 tr. Bruefs Praxis 
Med. 44 Then queisinesse and gnawing of the stomacke 
doth very much trouble him. 1660 H. MORE Myst. Godl. 
To Rdr. 29 A pretended queziness of Conscience. 1710 
T. FULLER Pharm. Extcmp. 120 It is prevalent against.. 
Queasiness. 1851 D. JERROLD St. Giles viii. 78 [He] felt an 
odd queasiness in his throat, and could say nothing. 1808 
STEVENSON St. Ives xxxiv, Captain Colenso perceived my 
queasiness, and advised me to seek my berth and lie down. 

Quea'som, v . Obs. exc. dial. Also 6 queso- 
men. queazen, 9 dial, quessom, quezzen. [Of 
obscure origin.] a. trans. To choke, stifle, b. intr. 
To be choked or smothered. 

i5i i DAUS tr. Bullinger on A foe. (1573) 99 Without 
breathing and cooling, men must needes wither and be 
quesomened and choked vp. 1599 NASHE Lenten Stuffc 
57 The spirable odor and pestilent steame . . would haue 
queazened him. 1616 HAYWARD Sanct. Trout. Soul I. iii. 
(1620) 46 Behold (O Lord) how my conscience lyeth quea- 
somed vnder the multitude of my offences, a 1825 FORBY 
Voc. E. Angtia, Quezzen, (i) To suffocate with noxious 
vapour. (2) To smother away without flame. If the fuel be 
damp, the fire quezzens out. 
Queasy (kwf'zi), a. Forms : 5-6 coisy, coysy ; 

5 qweysye, 5-6 queysy, (6 -se, -sie), 6 quaisie, 
-sy, 6-7 queisie; 5-6 quasy, (6 -ie, -ye); 5 
qwesye, 6 quesie, -y(e, 6-7 queasie, (6 -ye), 
queazie, -y, 7- queasy. [Of obscure history. 

The early forms coisy and queisy prob. indicate a F. origin, 
and connexion ^ with OF. coisier to hurt, wound (Godef.), 
seems possible, if the original sense was ' wounded ', ' bruised ' 
and hence ' tender ', ' uneasy ', but of this there is no clear 
evidence. A similar development of sense is implied in the 
usual etym. from ON. kvcisa boil (see CWEISE), wnence perh. 
Ice!, kveistinn tender, touchy, but there is little evidence 
for this as an Eng. word, and the form coisy would remain 
unexplained. The change from gueisy or oitaisy to queasy 
is parallel to quail : giteal and quair : qnear, QUIRE.] 

f 1. Of the times or state of affairs : Unsettled, 
troublous, ticklish. Obs. (Cf. also 5 b.) 

1459 Paston Lett. I. 497 Be my feyth, here is a coysy 
werd. 1471 SIR J. PASTON Hid. III. 4 The worlde I ensur 
yow is ryght qwesye. c 1563 Jack juggler 1. 66 The time 
is so quesie That he that speaketh best, is lest thanke 
worthie. 1586 J. HOOKER Hist. /re/, in Holinshed II. 
136/2 So manie of hir maiesties priuie councell, as could in 
that quesie time be assembled. 1611 SPEED Hist. Gt. Brit. 
IX. xx. % 47. 065 The times being queasie, the King wisely 
forbare to take any seuere reuenge. 

t b. Of a matter : Uncertain, hazardous. Obs. 

1589 COOPER Adnwn. 203, I must, .protest it is a queisie 

6 dangerous matter. 1605 SHAKS. Lear II. i. 19, I haue 
one thing of a queazie question Which I must act. 



QUEBRACHO. 

2. Of articles of diet: Unsettling the stomach or 
health ; causing sickness or nausea. Now rare. 
1496 Fysshyngt to. Angle (1883) 24 The barbyll ..is a 
i;i^y meete & a peryllous for mannys body. 15.. 1'icfs 
< Fitllhnm 19 in Hazl. E. P. P. II. 3 Kodlynges, konger, 
suche queyse [v.r. coisy] fysche. 1544 PHAER Pesti- 
nce (1553) N viij b, In this disease ye mayc eate no 
ueasie meates, as eles, gese, duckes. 1579 LVLV EMjtima 
Arb.) 44 To the stomacke sated with dainties, all dehcates 
*eme queasie. 1653 MANTON Exp. jfowcs i. 21 Like a hot 
morsel or queasy bit, it was soon given up again. 1661 
LOVELL Hist. Anim. If Min. 225 Their flesh is queasy, 
corruptible, and aguish. 1876 G. MEREDITH Beauch. 
Career I. xiv. 210 The .. queasy brew .. which she calls by 
the innocent name of tea. 

t b. Of seasons : Unhealthy ; in which sickness 
is prevalent. Also of days of ill-health. Obs. 

1510-20 Compl. them that ben tolate maiyed (Collier 1862) 
16, I haue passed full many quasy dayes. 1603 KNOLLES 
Hist. Turks (1621) 732 Infection taken in the canipe in 
strange aire, and a most queasie time of the yeare. 

fo. Of land: Unfavourable to growth. Obs. rare. 

1509 [see QUEACHY 2], 1649 BLITHE Eng. Iwprov. xiv. 
80 ft was great Lands . . full of your soft Rushes . . and 
lay very wet.. it was so Weake and Barren, so cold and 
queasy. [Cf. ibid. xxiv. 149 The coldest and most quealiest 
Q misprint) parts of thy Lands.] 

3. Of the stomach : Easily upset ; unable to digest 
strong food ; inclined to sickness or nausea. (In 
i 6-1 7th c. freq. fig. and in fig. context.) Hence 
of the body, heart, health, etc. 

1545 RAVNOLD Byrth Mankynde fol. 142 She shall better 
digest and lyke her meate ; her stomacke nothyng so 
quesy ne feable. 1574 NEWTON Health Mag. 26 It is 
better for . . stronge Stomackes then for Quasie and weake 



grew worse, their queasy stomachs began to loathe it. 
a 1684 LEIGHTON Wks. (1830) I. 42 A full table, but a sickly 
body and queasy stomach. 1839 J. FUME ' Paper on 
Tobacco ' 70 Not digested without grumbling by certain 
queasy stomachs. 1889 C. KEENE Let. in Life xiii. (1892) 
409 My stomach is in such a queasy state, that a gram in 
excess puts me all wrong. 

fb. trans/. Of the mind, feelings, etc. : Delicate, 
fastidious, nice. Obs. 

1545 ASCHAM Toxoph. i. (Arb.) 40 These Instrumentes 
make a mannes wit . . so tender and quaisie that they be 
lesse able to brooke strong and tough studie. c 1590 GREENK 
Fr. Bacon x. 130 Eyes are dissemblers, and fancy is but 
queasy. 1641 ROGERS Naaman 565 Beware then of a sullen, 
queazy, coy and proud heart. 1659 EEDES Wisdom's Jvstif. 
40 The queasie soul that receives not the Word. 
C. Of conscience, etc. : Tender, scrupulous. 

1579 G. HARVEY Letter-Ik. (Camden) 76 The thinges 
themselves. .ar not so offensive to quesy consciences. 1646 
SIR T. BROWNE Pseud. Ef. 374 The ambition of Boniface 
made no scruple thereof; nor of more queasie resolutions 
have been their Successors ever since. 1781 COWPER Charity 
447 When queasy conscience has its qualms. 1886 SYMONDS 
Kenaiss. //., Cath. React. (1898) I. iv. 223 Ignatius recom- 
mended fishers of souls to humour queasy consciences. 

4. Of pains, etc. : Of the nature of sickness ; 
uneasy, uncomfortable. 

1589 Pappe 10. Hatchet (r844) 13 O what queasie girds 
were they towards the fall of the leafe. 1650 BULWER 
Anthropomet. 158 To return by Art their queasie paine 
upon women, to the great reproach of Nature. 1878 STEVEN- 
SON Inland Voy. 114,! had a queasy sense that I wore my 
last dry clothes upon my body. 

6. Of persons: Having a queasy stomach ; liable 
to turn sick ; subject to, or affected with, nausea. 



1606 SHAKS. Ant. ff Cl. in. vi. 20 [The Romans] queazie 
with his insolence already, Will their good thoughts call 
from him. i6az FLETCHER Span. Cur. lit. ii, Your queazie 



lams 



T. L. PEACOCK Headlong Hall vii, The Reverend Doctor 
Gaster found himself rather queasy in the morning. 1855 
BROWNING Grammar. Funeral 64 Even to the crumbs I'd 
fain eat up the feast, Ay, nor feel queasy. 

b. trans/, (with earlier quots. cf. sense i). 

1579 G. HARVEY Letter-bis. (Camden) 73 Over-stale for so 
queynte and queasye a worlde. 1601 MARSTON Ant. * Me I. 
II. Wks. 1856 I. 22 O that the stomack of this queasie age 
Digestes, or brookes such raw unseasoned gobs. 1641 
S. MARSHALL Fast Sernt. tef. Ho. Comm. Ep. Ded. 3 A 
time so queasie and distempered as can hardly beare that 
Food or Physicke which is needfull. 1869 BROWNING Ring 
fr Bk. x. 113 The queasy river could not hold Its swallowed 
Jonas, but discharged the meal. 

6. Comb, queasy-stomached a. (see sense 3). 

1579-80 NORTH Plutarch (1676) 757 Antonius . . being 
queasie stomacked with his Surfeit. 1608 ARM West 
Ninn. (1842) 6 The World, queasie stomackt as one fed with 
the earth's nectar, and delicates. 1635 QUARLES Embl. m. 
xiv. (1718) 181 Look, sister, how the queazy.stomach'd 
graves Vomit their dead. 

Queat ; e, Queatch(e, Queave, Queazen: 
see QUIET, WHEAT, QUETCH, QUAVE, QUEASOM. 

t Quebas. Obs. rare 1 . Some kind of a game. 

i8 ETHEREDCF. She mou'd if she con'd in. iii, Did I 
associate myself with the Gaming Madams, and were every 
afternoon at my Lady Briefes. .at Umbre and Quebas. 

II Quebracho (ka>ra-t|0). [Sp. quebracho, also 
quielira-hac/ia, {. quebrar to break + hacha axe.] 
The name of several American trees, having 
extremely hard timber and medicinal bnrk; esp. 
the white quebracho of S. America {Aspidosferma 



39 

Quebracho) and the red quebracho of Mexico 
(Schinopsis Lorentzif]. Also attrib. as quebracho 
bark, gum. b. = Quebracho-bark. Hence Qne- 
bra'chamine, Qxiebra chine, alkaloids found in 
quebracho-bark. 

1881 WATTS Diet, Cheat. 3rd Suppl. 916, 1731. 1891 W. 

MARTINDALE Extra Phannacop* (ed. 6) 325 White Oue- 

I bracho Bark . . imported from the Argentine Republic. laid., 

\ Quebracho contains six alkaloids, . . Quebrachine, Que- 

brachamine [etc.]. 1897 Syd. Soc. Lex, s.v., Quebracho is 

a valuable remedy for dyspnoea. 

Quecchen, Quech(e f obs. forms of QUETCH. 

Quech(e, obs. forms of QUEAOH, WHICH. 

t Queck, sh. Obs. rare 1 . ? A knock, whack. 

1554 Entcrl. Youth Aij, If I fal I catche a quecke, I may 
fortune to breke my necke. 

tQueckjZ'. 1 Obs, Also 4-5 quek. [Imitative: 
cf. Du. kwekken^ and see QUACK z/. 2 ] intr. To 
quack, as a duck. Hence Que'cking vbl. sb. 

ci5 Gloss. W t de BMeytv.^m Kel. Ant. II. 79 [The 
gander] quekez, taroile. Quekine, taroil, 1491 in Archiv 
A(W. nett. Spr. LXXXIX. 285 He toke a gose fast by the 
nek, And tne goose thoo began to quek. 1573 TWYNE 
sEneidy,. Ddiv, Whom stars of heauen obeyen at beck., 
and chattring birds with long that queck. a 1693 MOTTRUX 
Rabelais in. xiii. 107 The . . pioling of Pelicanes, quecking 
of Ducks,., and wailing of Turtles. 

f Queck, v. 2 Obs. rare 1 . ?^ QUETCH z>. 

a 1550 Image HyJ>ocr. in. in Sheltoiis Wks. (1843) II. 
436/2 Not for his life to cjuecke \rime necke] But stande 
vpp, like a bosse. [1755 m JOHNSON (and hence in some 
later diets.), with quot. from Bacon s$. t in which however 
the correct reading is queching^ 

Queck: see QUEK (E. 

t Qued, quede, a. and sb. Obs. Forms: 3 
cwead, 3-4 quoad, 4 kuead ; 3 owed, 3-5 qued, 
quede, 4 kued, quet, 4-6 queed, (5 qw-), 5 
queyd,quethe,qwej?e ; 3-4 (6 Sc.} quad,4 (6 Sf.) 
7 quade, 6 Sc. quaid. [Early ME. ciuead, cnved, 
cwad=z OFris. ^a/(mod.Fris. quoad, qua}> MDu. 
quaet t quaed- (Du. kwaad\ MLG. quat, qufid-, of 
uncertain origin. OHG. qu&t (M HG. qttdt, kdt, kdt, 
G. tot, koth~} t filth, is usually regarded as a snbst. 
use of the same adj., but the vowel of the corresp. 
OE. cwtad presents difficulties.] 

A. adj. Evil, wicked, bad. 

c 1205-25 [Implied in OUEDSHIP], 1:1250 Gen. ff Ex. 536 
Wapmen bigunnen quad mester. a 1300 Vox ff Wolf 200 
in Hazl. E. P. P. (1864) I. 64 Ich habhe ben qued al mi 
lif-daie. ^1330 Arth. $ MerL 1498 (Kolbing) pat o>er 
dragoun. .clowes he hadde qued. 1340 Ayenb. 17 pe uerste 
is kuead, ^o oj>er worse, "be |)ridde alt>erworst. (1386 
CHAUCER Prioress' Prol. 4 God yeue this monk a thousand 
last quade yeer. c 1420 Liber Cocorum (1862) 37 pou take 
gode ale, ]>at is not quede. 1501 DOUGLAS Pal. Hon, \. 
Ixii, This inordinate court, and proces quaid {rime braid, 
laid] I will obiect. 1560 HOLLAND Crt. Venus n. 161 The 
quader was his weird. Ibid. 333 Quad knaif, thow was 
ouir negligent. 1669 STURMY Mariner's Mag. i. ii. 18 ' How 
Wind you?' 'East'. A bad quade Wind. 
b. Hostile, inimical to. rare. 

1x1300 Cursor M. 8535 (Gott.) pe cyte of cartage, |>at to 
Rome was euer quede. 1418-20 Siege Rouen in A rchxologia 
XXI. 65 Owre men gaff ham sum off here brede, Thow 
thay to us ware now so quede. 

B. sb. 1. A bad or wicked person. 

1250 Gen. ff Ex. 295 Dowgte 5is quead, *hu ma it ben 
[etc.] '. Ibid. 4063 Balaam, Sat ille quad [rime dead], 
c 1300 Prov, Hending xxvi. in Kemble Salomon ff Sat. 
(1848) 277 Ant himself is be meste qued pat may breke eny 
bred. ^1330 R. BRUNNE Chron, Wace (Rolls) 8596 Kyng 
of Amalek was that qued, A ful fers kyng. a 1400 Minor 
Poents/r. Vernon MS. (E. E. T. S.) 589/440 Kep, and saue 
bi gode los, And beo I-holden no qued. c 1460 Towneley 
Myst. ix. 117, 1 am fulle bowne To spyr and spy. .After that 
wykkyd queyd. 

b. spec. The evil one ; the Devil. 

c 1150 Death 246 in O. E. Misc. 182 Ne mai no tunge telle 
hu lodlich is be cwed. 1297 R. GLOUC. (Rolls) 6429 Hii 
bitoke J>e quea hpr soule, be kunde eirs to bitraye. c 1325 
Chron. Eng. 210 in Ritson, Tho thes maister was ded, Anon 
he wende to the qued. 1377 LANGL. P. PI. B. xiv. 189 He 
shulde take the acquitance. .and to the qued schewe it. 
ci4So LONELICH Grail xxxvii. 634 He [Jesus] travailled.. 
Man-kynde to byen from the qwed. 

2. Evil, mischief, harm. 

a 12*5 Ancr. R. 72 Moni mon weneft to don wel ^ he deS 
alto cweade. a 1300 Vox ff Wolf 210 in Hazl. E. P. P. 
(1864) I. 65 Forjef hit me, Ich habbe ofte sehtd qued bi the. 
cmo Arth. ff MerL 5508 (KOlbing) Com we noujt hider 
for pi qued . . ac for bi gode. 1340 Ayenb. 28 pe kueades of 
obren he hise more|> and arereb' *t>e his mi3te. 1387 TREVISA 
Higden (Rolls) I. 417 At Penbrook in a stede Fendes doob 
ofte quede. a. 1529 SKELTON Epitkaphe 4 This knaues be 
deade, Full of myschiefe and queed. 

Hence fQuedfnl a., full of evil or wickedness ; 
Quedhead [s= OFris. quadhed, Du. kwaadheid\ 
~ Quedship\ Qnedly adv. [ = OFris. qua(de]liki\ t 
wickedly ; Qnedness, Quedship, evil, wickedness. 

1340 Ayenb. 6 pajles be wone is *kueaduol and may wel 
wende to zenne dyadliche. 1340-70 Alex, ff Dind. 541 To 
quern quedfulle godeis bat quenchen your blisse. c 1315 
SHOREHAM 151 O justyse . . [that] dampneth theves for to 
ordeyne Peys in londe..Ne for "queadhevede. 1340 Ayenb. 
101 pet bou hatye zenne and uouihedes and kueadhedes. 
ciyE. E. Psalter xvii. 22 (Harl. MS.), I shemed waies 
of Laverd wel, Ne *quedltc bare I fra mi God na del. 1340 
Ayenb. 2 Na?t kueadliche ake lijtiiche antl wyboute sklaun- 
dre. c 1300 E. E. Psalter x. 6 pat loues "quednes, his 
saule hates he. 1340 Ayenb. 40 Ofte lycse be guode playntes 
be hare kueadnessc. .1205 LAY. 5067 Ne sculde na cniht 



QUEEN. 

..on his cuhSe "quedschipe wurchen. ritso Bes 

Fox is hire to name for hire queSsipe. a 1225 Ancr. K. 422 

Al Sodomes cweadschipe com of idelnesse & of ful wombe 

Quede, vnr. QUIDE sb. QueSen, var. QUETHE v., 
WHETHEN adv. QueKer, Quedir, -ur, obs. ff. 
WHETHER, WHITHER. Quee, Queece, Queech, 
varr. QUEY, QUEEST, QUETCH. Queed, var.QcED(s 
a. \ dial. var. Cun. Queel, var. QUEAL v. 

Queen (kwfn), sb. Forms: i owcen, cwten, 
cwe'nn, 1-3 cweu, (i ou-), 2-3 owene, kwene ; 
2-4 quen, (3 quu-, 4 qw-), 2-6 quene, (4-6 qw-, 
5 V-)t 3 quiene, quyene, 4 qwhene, 4-5 whene, 
queyn, 4-6 queyne, 4-7 queene, 6 quein(e, 4- 
queen. [OE. cwen str. fem.= OS. qu&n (once in 
Hel.), ON. kvsen (also kvaii), Goth, qbis woman 
: OTeut. *kwni-z f., an ablaut-var. of the stem 
represented by OE. cwene QUEAN. The gen. sing. 
quene (OE. cwine) is occas. found in ME.] 

1. A (king's) wife or consort ; a lady who is wife 
to a king. 

Even in OE., cwen was app. not an ordinary term for 
' wife ', but was applied only to the wife of a king or (in 
poetry) some famous person ; in later use the only distinc- 
tion between this sense and 2 a is that here the relationship 
of the queen to her husband is formally expressed. 

c 893 K. ALFRED Oros. i. ii. 2 /Ufter his deaSe Sameramis 
his cwen [L. uxor] fengc . . to (Jaem rice, a 1000 Csedmons 
Gen. 2259 Da wearo unbliSe Abrahames cwen. c 1050 O. E. 
Chron. (Laud MS.) an. 1048 {>a forlet se cyng ba hUefdian 
seo was xehal^od him to cwene. a 1123 Ibid. an. 1115 
Willelme |>e he be his cwene hjefde. c 1205 LAY. 43 vElienor 
be wes Henries quene. 13.. Coer de L. 1123 Erlys and 
barouns come hym to, And his quene dede alsoo. 1591 
SHAKS. i Hen. VI,\. iii. 117 lie vndertake to make thee 
Henries Queene. 1611 Wint. T. in. ii. 12 Hermione, 

?ueene to the worthy Leontes, King of Sicilia. 1859 
ENNYSON Elaine 1215 As Arthur's Queen I move and rule. 

2. a. The wife or consort of a king. b. A woman 
who is the chief ruler of a state, having the same 
rank and position as a king. 

1:825 Vesp. Psalter xliv. 10 ^Etstod cwoen [L. regina] to 
swiftran Sire, c 1000 ^LFRIC Horn. II. 584 Sum cwen waes 
on Sam dagum on suSdaele, Saba jehaten. c 1205 LAY. 
2 4555.Pe king, .to his mete uerde. .ba quene [^1275 cweane] 
en oSer halue hire hereberwe isohte. t- 1290 A". Eng. Leg. 
I. 2/41 Bifore (?e quyene huy come. 1297 R. GLOUC. (Rolls) 
608 f>e quene fader Corineus. 13., Gaw. <$ Gr. Knt. 2492 



wille. 1473 WARKW. Chrm. (Camden) 9 The Lorde Scales, 
the Quenes brother, was sent thedere. 1562 WINJET Cert. 
Tractates Wks. 1888 I. 32 Dew obedience . . to kingis, 
quenis, princes, and prelatis. 1490 SHAKS. Mids. N. n. i. 19 
The King doth keepe his Reuels here to night, Take heed 
the Queene come not within his sight. 1628 MILTON Vacat. 
Exerc. 47 Then sing of secret things.. And last of Kings 
and Queens and Hero's old. 1710 SWIFT Lett. (1767) III. 
29 My memorial which was given to the queen. 1845 
S. AUSTIN Ranke's Hist. Ref. 1 1. 385 His sister waited m 
Vittoria. .in order to enter France as queen. 

c. With additions, as queen-consort, -dowager, 
t -dowrier, -rectrix, -regent, -regnant, -widow : see 
CONSORT, etc. ; also QUEEI*-MOTHEK. 

'555 [see DOWRIER]. 1622 BACON Hen. VII, Mor. & Hist. 
Wks. (Bohn, 1860) 31 1 To remain with the queen dowager her 
mother. 1650 BULWER Anthropomet. 198 A late Queen- 
Rectrix. 1727 DE FOE Sys t. Magic i. ii. (1840) 42 The queen 
dowager was with child, and would bring forth a prince. 
1765 BLACKSTONE Comm. i. iv. 212 The queen of England 
is either queen regent, queen consort, or queen dowager. 
1818 SCOTT Hrt. Midi, xxxvii, Since Margaret of Anjou, no 
queen-consort had exercised such weight in the political 
affairs of England. 1891 C. CREIGHTON Hist. Epidetti. 
Brit. 288 The queen-widow (mother of Edward V) had died 
of the plague. 

3. As a title, placed immediately before a personal 
name (f in OE. immediately after it) ; also the 
queen, before or after the name (now arch.). See 
also QUEEN ANNE. 

893 K. ALFRED Oros. i. x. 3 pier wearS Marsepia sio 
cwen ofslagen. 1:893 O. E. Chron. (Parker MS.) an. 888 
^belswibcuen, sio wa?s/*E!fredessweostorcyninges. a 1x21 
Ibid. (Laud MS.) an. 1097 Malcomes sunu cynges & 
Margarite baere cwenan. 1205 LAY. 2122 Hit is icleped 
Wales for pere quen Galoes. 13.. Gaw. $ Gr. Knt. 74 
Whene Guenore ful gay, grayped in be myddes. 1387 
TREVISA Higden (Rolls) VI L 165 pan be queene Emme gaf 
unto seynt Swithyn nyne maneres. 1506 GUYLFORDE Pylgr. 
(1851) 4 Lasheles, where lyethe quene Elyanour of Englonde. 
1572 Memorial in Bnccletich MSS. (Hist. MSS. Comm.) 23 
Young Quein Marie. 1673 WYCHERLEY Gent. Dancing- 
Master v. i. 95 You must, .furnish as becomes one of my 
Quality ; for don't you think we'll take up with your old 
Queen Elizabeth Furniture, a 1700 B. E. Diet. Cant. 
Crnv, Queen Elizabeth's Pocket-pistol, a Brass-Cannon of 



the modern world to themselves j and be Queen Elizabeth's 
women. 1847 WORDSW. Ode Install. Pr. Attert&A. fin., The 
pride of theislands, Victoria the Queen. 1884 KNIGHT Diet. 
Mech. Suppl. 733/2 Queen Charlotte's ware, now known by 
the contracted title [QueenswareJ. 

4. With speci6cation of the people, country, etc. 
ruled over by a queen or by the king her consort, 
as Queen of Scots, of France. Also Queen of Spain 
(see qnot. 1866 and FRITILLARY 2\ 

^950 Lindisf. Gosp. Matt. xii. 42 Cuen su5-da?!es arises. . 
in dom. -1205 LAV. 4570 He bohte to habben Delgan to 
quene of Denemarke. c 1250 Gen. 4 Ex. 296 Hu ma it 
l>en, Adam ben king and eue quuen Of alle Se Singe in 



QUEEN. 

werlde ben, c 1386 CHAUCER Man of Law's T. 63, I . .wolde 
she were of all Europe the queene. < 1440 Generydes 17 
His doughter quene of Inde. 1562 WINJET Cert. Tractates 
Wks. 1888 I. 2 The maist excellent and gracius Souerane, 
Marie Quene of Scottis. 1606 SHAKS. Ant, $ Cl. m. vi. ii 
He . . made her Of lower Syria, Cyprus, Lydia, absolute 
Queene. 1713-4 POPE Rape Lock in. 13 One speaks the 
glory of the British Queen. 1770 Ann. Reg, 102 Died 
lately, at her hut at Norwood, Bridget, the Oueen of the 
Gipseys. 1818 CRUISE Digest (ed. 2) III. 200 Her Majesty 
or her successors, kings or queens of the realm. 1866 
BLACKMORE Cradock Nowell xxx, If by the 'Queen of 
Spain' you mean that common brown little butterfly. 

o. transf, A female whose rank or pre-eminence 
is comparable to that of a queen. 

a. Applied to the Virgin Mary, esp. in phr. as 
Queen of glory ; grace, heaven, paradise , ivomen, etc. 

a 900 CVNEWUU-' Christ 276 Seo claeneste cwen ofer eorban. 



_ 33 i" 

O. E. Misc. 195 Leuedi quene of parays. c 1375 Sc. Leg. 
Saints xxiv. (Alexis) 26 pat he in weding borne was of 
mary, |t>e quene of grace, c 1410 HOCCLEVK Mother of Cod 
2 O blisful queene, of queenes Emperice. ("1470 HENRY 
Wallace i. 261 Quhen scno him saw scho thankit hewynnis 
queyn. 1500-20 DUNBAR Poems Ixxxv. 37 Haile, qwene 
serene ! Haile, mosteamene! i6o4E.G[KiHSTONE]Z>'^f(j/a'j 
Hist. Indies vn. xxvii. 582 The favour which the Queene 
of glorie did to our men. 1798 COLERIDGE Anc. Mar. v. i, 
To Mary-queen the praise be yeven. 1840 I. TAYLOR Ancient 
Chr. (1842) 1 1. ii. 1 60 Our Queen, though the Queen of heaven 
as well as of earth [etc.]. 

b. Applied to the goddesses of ancient religions 
or mythologies ; also in phrases, as queen of heaven t 
love, marriage, etc. 

1381 WVCLIF Jer. viL 18 That thei make sweete cakis to 
the quen of heuene. 1508 DUNBAR Gold. Targe 73 Thare 
saw I Nature, and [als dame] Venus quene. 1500-90 
Poems xlviii. 63 Haill princes Natur, haill Venus luvis quene. 
1591 SHAKS. yen, <J- Ad. 251 Poor queen of love, in thine 
own law forlorn ! 1608 Per. n. ni. 30 By Juno, that is 
queen of marriage. 16*9 MILTON Ode Nativity 201 Mooned 
Ashtaroth, Heavn's Queen and Mother both. 1809 in Spirit 
Pub. Jrnls. (1810) XIII, 328 O Venus, Queen of Drurv Lane. 
a 1812 SHELLEY Horn. Venus 13 Diana, golden-shafted queen. 

c. Applied to a woman as a term of endearment 
and honour. 

1588 SHAKS. L. L. L. iv. iii. 41 O Queene of Queenes, 
how farre dost thou excel), No thought can thinke. 1596 
Merck, y. ii. i. 12, I would not change this hue, Except 
to steale your thoughts, my gentle Queene. 1865 R us KIN 
Sesame 185 Queens you must always be; queens to your 
lovers ; queens to your husbands and your sons. 

d. A woman who has pre-eminence or authority 
in a specified sphere, -f Queen of the Bean : see 
BEAN 6 c. Queen of Hearts (cf. 8 b). Queen of 
the May : see MAT. 



owELLLetf. ii. xii. (1650) 13 The Lady Elizabeth, which 
. . is called . . for her winning Princely comportment, the 
Queen of Hearts. 1652 J. WRIGHT tr. Camus' Nat. Paradox 
in. 53 Shee thought to triumph over all her Competitors and 
be Queen of the Bean. 18x6 KEATS To my Brother George 
87 Upon a morn in May . . that lovely lass Who chosen is 
their queen, a 1822 SHELLKY Chas. I, ii. 394 The Twelfth- 
night Queen of Hearts. 1830 TENNYSON Isabel ii, Isabel. . 
The queen of marriage, a most perfect wife. 1858 LYTTON 
What will He do i. xiv, Lady Selma Vipont was one of the 
queens of London. 

6. Applied to things : a. Anything personified as 
a woman and looked upon as the chief, esp. the 
most excellent or beautiful, of its class. 

a 1050 Liber Scintill. xvii. (1889) 84 Ealdorlicra leahtra 
cwen and modor ofermodignyss ys. a 1*25 St. Marker. 19 
Met$had be is cwen of all e nrihtes. 1340 Ayenb. iu pc kuen 
of uirtues, dame charite. 1508 DUNBAR Gold. Targe 82 
There saw I May, of myrthfull monethis quene. 1563 
FOXE A. 4- M. 333/2 That noble ground and quene of 
prouinces. 1604 E. G[RIMSTONE] D'Acosta's Hist. Indies 
n. vi. 93 This river (which in my opinion, deserves well the 
name of Empresse and Queene of all flouds). a 1720 SHEF- 
FIELD (Dk. Buckhm.) Wks. (1753) I. 6 Paris, the queen of 
cities. 1861 S. THOMSON Wild Ft. in. (ed. 4) 286 The ' lady 
fern 1 .. sometimes called the 'Queen of Ferns'. 1886 
E. MILLER Text. Guide 75 The Peshito has been called 
' The Queen of Versions '. 

b. That which in a particular sphere has pre- 
eminence comparable to that of a queen. 

Queen of heaven, night^ the tides^ the moon. Queen of 
the ntendtnv(s. MEADOW-SWEET. Queen of the ^ra-irie^ an 
American herbaceous plant, Spima lobata (N. O. Rosaceae). 



Medowes. 1611 SHAKS. Wint. T. iv. iv. 146 Each your 
doing. .Crownes what you are doing. .That ail your Actes, 
are Queenes. 1671 MILTON P. R. iv. 45 Great and glorious 
Rome, Queen of the Earth. 1812 BYRON Ch. Har. \\. Ixxx, 
The Queen of tides on high consenting shone. 1840 ALISON 
Hist. Europe H. 52 The Emperor travelled . . to Venice : 
he there admired the marble palaces of the Queen of the 
Adriatic. 1878 Bosw. SMITH Carthage 9 Destined . . to 
become the Queen of the Mediterranean. 1883 G. MAC- 
DONALD Dottal Grant ii. 18 Bushes of meadow-sweet, or 
queen-of-the-meadow, as it is called in Scotland. 

7. The perfect female of bees, wasps, or ants. 

1609 C. BUTLER Fern. Mon. i Of the nature and properties 
of Bees, and of their Queene. a 1711 KEN Sion Poet. Wks. 
1721 IV. 352 The same Tune . .In which the Bees . . For their 
Dismission to their Queen entreat. 1724 DERHAM in Phil. 
Trans. XXXIII. 54 The Male Wasps are lesser than the 
Queens. 1774 GOLUSM. Nat. Hist, (1776) V11I. 124 The 



40 

working ants having, .deposed their queens. 1847 TENNY- 
SON Princ, I. 39 Around them both Sweet thoughts would 
swarm as bees about their queen. 1892 LUBBOCK Beaut. 
A/i/. 60 The working Ants and Bees always turn their heads 
towards the Queen. 

8. In games, a. In chess : The piece which has 
greatest freedom of movement, and hence is most 
effective for defending the king, next to which it is 
placed at the beginning of the game. Also, the 
position on the board attained by a pawn when it 
is queened (see QUEEN v. 4). 

Queen's bislup, knight .foam, etc. : cf. KING oa. Queen's 
gambit : see GAMBIT, f To make a Queen = QUEEN v. 4. 

c \wGesta Rom. xxi. 71 (Harl. MS.) The fifthe [piece] 
is be quene, that goth fro blak to blak, or fro white to white, 
and is yset beside*be kyng. 1474 CAXTON Cfiesse n. ii. B iij b, 
Thus ought the Quene be maad ; She ought to be a fayr 
lady sittyng in a chayer [etc.]. 156* ROWBOTHUM Playe of 
Ckeasts Cy, Thou shalte playe thy queenes Paune one 
steppe geuing him checke by discouery of thy queenes 
Bishoppe. 1597 G. B. Ludtts Schaccte A 4 When he [the 
pawn} can . . arrive at the last ranke of his enemies he is 



Queen and Bishops in distress. 1735 BERTW Chess 38 
The Queens Gambet, which gives a Pawn with a design to 
catch her adversary's Queen's Rook. 1761 HOYLE Chess 51 
The exact Number of Moves, before you can make a Queen. 
1773 PHILIDOR Chess Analysed 13 The King's Pawn makes 
a Queen, and wins the Game. 1797 Entycl. Brit. (ed. 3) 
IV. 640 He should take the adversary's pawns, and move 
the others to queen. 181* W. LEWIS Elem. Game Chess 
149 If a Pawn be on a Rook's file it will go to Queen. 1838 
LYTTON Alice 160, I think I will take the queen's pawn. 
1894 J. MASON Principles Chess 77 Just as the foremost 
[Pawn] is but a square from Queen. 

b. In ordinary playing-cards: A card bearing 
the figure of a queen, of which there are four in 
each pack, ranking next to the kings. 

1575 Gamm. Gurton n. ii. 29 There is five trumps beside 
the queene. 1607 HEYWOOD Worn. Killed w. Kindn. Wks. 
1874 II. 123 This Queene I haue more then my owne. .Giue 
me the stocke. 1712-4 POPE Rape cf Lock in. 88 The 
Knave of Diamonds . . wins . . the Queen of Hearts. 1791 
Gentl. Afar. 141 The Queen of Clubs is called in Northamp- 
tonshire, Queen Bess. 1816 SINGER Hist. Cards 39 Like the 
Italians and Germans, they [the Spaniards] have no Queen 
in the Pack. 1885 R. A. PROCTOR Whist 5, I lead Ace, and 
follow with Queen of my best suit. 

9. Technical uses. a. //. One of the classes into 
which fullers' teasels are sorted (see quot.). 

1813 T. RUDGE Gen. View Agric. Glouc. 156 The produce 
of the second and subsequent cuttings are sorted, according 
to their size, into Queens, which are the best teazles; 
Middlings.. and Scrubs. 

b. A roofing-slate, measuring three feet by two. 
i8a< J. NICHOLSON Opo-at. Mechanic 622 Slaters class the 

Welsh slates in the following order : Doubles, Ladies, . . 
Queens. 1893 J. BROWN Of ex. Railw. to Delabole xxiii, 
We've countess, duchess, queens and rags. 

c. //. A class of apples, the rennets (q.v.). 
1836 LOUDON Encycl. Plants 426 Apples are classed as 

pippins or seedlings, . .rennets or queens, specked fruits. 

10. a. A name of the scallop and cockle. =Quitr. 
1803(3. MONTAGU Teslacea Brit. I. nGPecten opemtlaris 

..in Devonshire and Cornwall is.. known by the name of 
Frills or Queens. 1883 N. JOLY Man before Metals n. i. 200 
Several molluscs, especially oysters, . . mussels, queens, 
whelks, and snails. 

b. A local name for the smear-dab. 
1674 RAY Call. Words, Sea Fishes 100 Queens: a Fish 
thinner than a Plaise. 1884 St. James's Gaz. 18 Jan. 6/1 
The . . lemon-dab or queen. 

11. A female cat. (Cf. queen-cat in 13.) 

1898 Bishopsgate Cats in Ladies' Field 6 Aug. 378/1 A few 
outdoor houses for the queens are used. 
II. attrib. and Comb. 

12. General combs, a. appositive, as qtuen- 
bride, -county, -galley, -moon, -rose, -spirit, -spouse, 
-strumpet, b. attrib., as queen-craft, -features. 
c. objective, as queen-killing. 

1606 Proc. agst. late Traitors 105 That King-killing 
and Queen-killing was not indeed a doctrine of theirs. 
1634 FORD Perk. \Varbeck in. ii, This new queen-bride 
must henceforth be no more My daughter, a 1661 FULLER 
Worthies, Kent (1662) I. 67 She [Q. Elizabeth] was well 
skilled in the Queen-craft. 1820 KEATS Ode to Nightingale 
36 Haply the Queen-Moon is on her throne. 1846 BROWNING 
Lett. 16 June (1809) II. 241 You must, .add the queen-rose 
to his garland. 1863 .1 tlantic Monthly Oct. 502 The queen- 
strumpet of modern history. 1880 HAY Pike County Ball. 
ir3 The still queen-features glorious In the dawn of love's 
first gleams. 1888 TH. WATTS in Athenseum 18 Aug. 224/2 
See how the four queen-galleys ride. 

13. Special combs. : t queen-apple, an early 
variety of apple ; queen-bee, a fully developed 
female bee ; also trans/. ; queen-bird, a swan ; 
queen-cage, an apparatus for conveying or trans- 
ferring a queen-bee to a hive ; queen-cake, a small 
currant-cake, usually heart-shaped ; queen-cat = 
QUEEN 1 1 ; queen-cell, a cell in a bee-hive, in 
which the queen is reared ; queen closer, a quarter 
of a brick, used in building to ' close ' the end of 
a course (see CLOSER 2 3) ; queen-conch, a large 
marine shell, Strombus gigas; queen-excluder, 
a device in a bee-hive to prevent the passage of 
the queen without excluding the workers (Funk's 
Stand. Diet?) ; queen-fish, a small edible fish 
(Seriphus politus) found along the Pacific coast of 
America (Cent. Diet. 1891); t queen-gold, a 



QUEEN. 

former revenue of the king's consort, consisting of 
one-tenth on certain fines paid to the king ; queen- 
lily, a Peruvian ornamental flowering plant of the 
genus riwdranassa (Cent. Diet.) ; queen-pigeon 

= queen's pigeon (Funk's Stand. Did.'); queen- 
stitch, a fancy stitch in embroidery; fqueen-suit, 
n set of cards belonging to one suit, of which the 
queen is the highest ; queen-truss, a roof-truss in 
which there are QUEEN-POSTS; queen -wasp, a 
perfect female wasp ; queenwood, an Australian 
timber tree, Davidsonia pruriens (see also quot.). 

1579 SPENSER Sheph. Cal. June 43 Tho would I seeke for 
*Queene apples vnrype. 1626 BACON Syhia 511 Few 
Fruits are coloured Red within; The Queen-apple it. 1707 
MORTIMER Husbandry 537 The Queen Apple, those, .of the 
Summer kind, are good Cyder Apples, mix'd with others. 
1609 C. BUTLRR Fern. Mon. i. A 3 The *Q[u]ecne-bee is 
a Bee of a comely and stately shape. 1753 CHAMBERS 
CycL Sttpp., Queen-bee, a term given by late writers to 
what used to be called the king-bee. 1823 BYRON Juan 
xiii. xiii, Sweet Adeline, amidst the gay world's hum, Was 
the Queen-Bee. 1830 Miss MITFORD Village Ser. iv. (1863) 
286 Repeating, .as we met the *Queen-birds, 'The swans 
on fair St. Mary's lake '. 1875 J. HUNTER Manual Bee- 
keeping 82 There are many more "Queen cages in use, 
and . . there is no reason why any Bee-keeper should not 
make modifications. 1769 MRS. RAFFALD Eng. Housekpr. 
(1778) 271 To make *Queen Cakes. 1840 MRS. F. TROLLOPE 
Widow Married xii, When I've done eating this one queen- 
cake more. 1691 RAY N.-C. Words, Wheen-cat, a 'queen- 
cat. 1843 Zoologist I. 158, 1 had the satisfaction of seeing 
that one 'queen-cell had been commenced. 1842-59 GWILT 
Archit. (ed. 4) 1896 It becomes necessary near the angles 
to interpose a quarter brick, .called a * queen closer. 1813 
Sketches Character (ed. 2) I. 150 That *Queen Conch wants 
only colouring to persuade us it is a real one. 1885 LADY 
BRASSEY The Trades 303 Some years ago the queen-conch 
(a shell with a delicate pink lining) was in great demand. 
1679 BLOUKT./IW. Tenures 36 * Queen-gold is a Royal duty 
of Ten in the Hundred. 1765 BLACKSTONE Comm. I. 221 
The queen, .is intitled to an antient perquisite called queen- 
gold or aurunt reginae. 1875 STUBBS Const. Hist. II. xv. 
218 note. In 1255 the citizens refused to pay queen-gold. 
1882 CAULFEILD & SAWARD Diet. Needlework 192 *Queen 
Stitch. Also known as Double Square. [Description 
follows.] 1744 HOYLH Piquet Q The younger-hand is gene- 



rally to carry Guards to his 'Queen-suits. 1778 C. JONES 
Movie's Games Impr. 71. 1724 DERHAM in Phil. Trans. 
XXXIII. 59 The 'Queen-Wasps, .were weak, and did not 



buz long. 1827 E. BEVAN Honey-Bee 187 The queen- 
wasps were unusually numerous in the spring of that year. 
1882 OCILVIE (citing Weale), *Queen-wood, a name some- 
times given to woods of the greenheart and cocoa-wood 
character, imported from the Brazils. 

14. Combinations with queen's, a. In titles or 
appellations, with the sense of ' belonging to, in 
the service of, the queen ', ' royal ' (cf. KINO'S), as 
Queen's advocate, bench, cotmsel, English, evidence, 
highway, keys, letter, messenger, pay, peace, prison, 
servant, wardrobe : see these words. 

In these terms, as in many of those given under b, the 
use of queen's in place of king's is largely or entirely a 
result of the long reign of Quten Victoria (1837-1901). 

b. queen's allowance (seequot.) ; queen's arm, 
a musket ; f queen's cloth (?) ; queen's colours, 
one of the pair of colours carried by a regiment, 
the royal colours; queen's cushion, a seat (for 
a girl) made by the crossed hands of two persons 
(Jamieson, 1808); ) queen's evil = king's evil, 
scrofula ; queen's gambit : see GAMBIT ; queen's 
game: see DOUBLET 3 b; f queen's head, a postage 
stamp ; queen's metal, an alloy of tin, antimony, 
bismuth, and lead; queen's own, Government 
property or provisions (Smyth Sailor's Word-bk. 
1867) ; queen's parade, the quarter-deck (ibid.); 
queen's pigeon, a large and beautiful crested 
pigeon of the Papuan region, Gaura Viclorise; 
queen's pipe, a furnace formerly used for destroy- 
ing smuggled or damaged tobacco ; queen's shil- 
ling, a shilling formerly given to a recruit when 
enlisting ; f queen's stuff (?) ; queen's tobacco 
pipe = queen's pipe; queen's ware, (a) a cream- 
coloured kind of Wedgwood ware ; (*) a kind of 
stone - ware ; queen's weather, fine weather ; 
queen's yellow, turpeth mineral, used as a yellow 
pigment. 

1876 VOYLE & STEVENSON Milit. Diet. 320/2 'Queen's 
allffivance, an allowance in aid of the expenses of the officers' 
mess. 1848 LOWELL Bigltnv P. Ser. I. The Coitrtin', The 
ole *queen's-arm that gran'ther Young Fetched back from 
Concord busted. 14.. Yoc. in Wr.-Wiilcker 607/19 Regilla, 
a *Quenyscloth. 1597 A. M. tr. Guillemtau's Fr. Chirurg. 
19/2 The curinge of "Queenes evil. 1600 SURFLET Countrie 
Farme I. xii. 58 For the Queenes euill [margin The Kinges 
etiillj. c 1554 Interlude of Youth C iij, I can teache you to 
play at the dice, At the 'queues game and at the Iryshe. 
a 1618 J. DAVIES Wittes Pilgr. (1878) 32 (D.) Here Love at 
tick-tack plaies, or at Queen's-gatne, But Irish hates. 1844 
ALB. SMITH Adv. Mr. Ledbury xv. (1886) 45 Notes it 
would not do to stick a penny 'Queen's Head upon. 1860 
MissYoNGE.S'/ofoi/fj'.SVrr.i. (1861)16, 1 must have a queen's- 
head to write to Mamma. 1839 URE Diet. Arts 952 'Queen's 
metal .. serves also for teapots and other domestic utensils. 
1856 MILLER Inorg. Chem. II. 930 Another alloy, which i 
intermediate in properties between pewter and Britanni 



once being taken, .there was no help for the recruit, unles 






QUEEN. 

he was bought out. 1766 W. GORDON Gen, Counting-ho. 

428, 16 fine brocaded 'queens stuffs. 1843 Penny Cycl. 

XXV. 17 The damaged tobacco thus removed is consumed 
in a furnace.. jocularly termed the ' *queen's tobacco-pipe'. 

178* WEDGWOOD in Phil. Trans. LXX. 320 Delft ware 
is fired by a heat of 40 or 41; cream-coloured or *Oueen's 
ware, by 86. 1792 A. YOUNG Trav. France 79 English 
goods . . hard and queen's ware ; cloths and cottons. 1884 
Health Exhib. Catal. 40/2 Sanitary appliances in action, 
and general Queen's Ware. 1899 Johannesburg Star 
(weekly ed.) 22 Apr., Although the wind is rather high, 
Queen's weather prevails. 1839 URE Diet. Arts 1054 
*Qneens Yellow is an antient name of Turbith Mineral, or 
yellow subsulphate of mercury. 1851-61 MAVHEW Lond. 
Labour 1 1. 70 When canaries are * a bad colour ' . . they are 
re-dyed, by the application of. . ' Queen's Yellow '. 

c. in names of plants, as t queen's balm, 
alyssum ; queen's berry, the cloudberry, Rubus 
Cham&moms ; queen's cushion, cut-leaved saxi- 
frage (Treas. Bot. 1866); queen's delight, an 
American euphorbiaceous plant, Stilttngia syl- 
uatica (ibid,} ; queen's flower, an Indian tree 
(Lagerstrctmia Flos-Reginx) with beautiful rose- 
coloured (lowers (Cent. Diet. 1891) ; queen's gilli- 
flower or July-flower, dame's violet, Hesperis 
Matronalis ; t queen's herb, tobacco (see QUEEN- 
MOTHER 4) ; queen's pincushion, the flowers of 
the guelder rose (CasselVs Encycl. Diet. 1886) ; 
queen's TOOt = t/ueetis delight (Mayne Expos. Lex. 
1858) ; queen's violet - queens gillyflower. 

1767 ABERCROMBIE Ev, Man his own Gardener (1803) 735/1 
List of Hardy Annuals . . Alysson, or mad- wort, *Queens 
Balm. 1861 S. THOMSON Wild Fl. in. (ed. 4) 221 It is the 
cloud-berry or 'queen's- berry. 1573 TUSSER Huso. (1878) 96 
Herbes, branches, and flowers, for windowes and pots. 
*Queenes gilleflowers. 1597 GERARDE Herbal\\. cxxii. (1633) 
461 Dames Violets or Queenes Gillofloures. 1760 J. LEE 
Introd. Bot. App. 324 Queen's July-flower. 1577 FRAMPTON 
Joyfull Newes n. Ixxvi. 42 Some haue called this Hearbe 
the *Queenes herbe, because it was firste sente vnto her. 
[1894 S. J. WEYMAN Man in Black 60 You take the Queen's 
herb, you sneeze.] 1731 MILLER Card. Diet. Index (1733)1 
*Queen's Violet, vide Hesperis. 

Queen (kw/h), v. [f. prec.] 

1. To queen it : To be a queen ; to act or rule as 
queen ; to have pre-eminence like a queen. 

1611 SHAKS. Wtnt. T. iv. iv. 460 lie Queene it no inch 
farther, But milke my Ewes, and weepe. 16x3 Hen. VIII^ 
u. iii. 37 A threepence bow'd would hire me Old as I am, to 
Queene it. 1790 BURNS Prol, Theatre Dumfries 2 Yon 
great city That queens it o'er our taste. 1818 MILMAN 
Samor 7 Her milk-white neck embour'd in arching spray, 
Queens it along the waters. 1826 SCOTT Woodst. xxvi, The 
imperious Vashti is left to queen it in solitude. 1894 MRS. 
F. ELLIOT Roman Gossip vi. 181 Josephine was queening 
it at the Tuileries. 

b. ahsol. in same sense, rare. 

1843 LYTTON Last Bar. iv. H, * I can scarce queen while 
Warwick is minister ', said Elizabeth. 

2. trans. To make (a woman) a queen. Also fig. 
1843 LYTTON Last Bar. n. i, This Dame Woodville, whom 

I queened. 1880 LADY MARTIN Shaks. Fern. Char. 120 That 
passionate childlike loving queens her in his sight. 

3. To rule over as a queen. 

1839 BAILEY Festus xvi. (1852) 182 As the moon doth 
Queen the night. 1843 E. JONES Poems, Sens, fy Event 115 
His will, a trembling rudder She held to play with, or to 
queen. 

4. Chess. To advance (a pawn) to the opponent's 
end of the board, where it acquires the power of, 
and is replaced by, a queen or such other piece as 
the player may choose. Also absol. 

1789 Twiss Chess II. 155 Darner le Pion t literally to 
queen tJie Pawn, is a French expression. 1797 Encycl. 
Brit. (ed. 3) IV. 640 note. To queen is to make a queen. 1808 
Studies Chess I. 219 The pawn is queened, and wins the 
game. 1848 H . R. AGNEL Chess 63 You . . queen your Pawn, 
and instead of claiming a Queen, you take a Knight, 1894 
J. MASON Principles Chess 88 That the player who Queens 
first wins is a rule. 

b. intr. Of a pawn : To reach the position at 
which it acquires the power of a queen. 

1894 J. MASON Principles Chess 61 Attacking the Pawn, 
and taking it on the next move, whether it queens or not. 



was now queened. 

Hence Queened///. a. t Q,uee-ning vbl. sb. 
1860 STAUNTON Chess Praxis iv. ^i The spirit of the 



Bishop. 

Queen Anne. The Queen of Great Britain 
ana Ireland who reigned from 1702 to 1714. 

Queen Anne is dead: a phrase implying stale news (cf. 
QUEEN 3, quot. 1738). Queen Anne's bounty, see BOUNTY 
5 a. Queen Anne^s free gift '. see quot. 1867. 

1840 BARHAM Ingol. Leg. Ser. i. Ace. New Play, Lord 
Brougham, it appears, isn t dead, though Queen Anne is. 
1859 THACKERAY Virgin, Ixxiii, On which my lady cried 
petulantly, ' Oh Lord, Queen Anne's dead, I suppose.' 1867 
SMYTH Sailor's Word-bk., Queen Anne's Free Gift, a sum 
of money formerly granted to surgeons annually, in addition 
to their monthly twopences from each man. 

b. attrib, as an epithet of the style of furniture, 
buildings, etc., characteristic of Queen Anne's reign, 
or of things made in this style. Also absol. 

1881 A. LANG Library 36 What furniture-dealers indiffer- 
ently call the 'Queen Anne' or the 'Chippendale' style. 
VOL, VIII. 



41 

1883 Harper s^ Mag. Sept. 560/2 In all Queen Anne build- 
ings the architecture is appliqitt. However, to disparage 
Queen Anne is not to explain its acceptance. 

Hence Queen A nneified a. , in Queen Anne style ; 
Queen A'nneism, employment of, or preference 
for, a Queen Anne style; Queen A'nneist, -ite, 
one who adopts or favours this style. 

a 1878 SIR G. SCOTT Recoil, ix. (1879) 375 The Queen- 
Anne-ites soon threw off this disguise. 1879 Athenasuitt 
No. 2696. 818 Even Queen -Anne-ism should draw the line 
somewhere. 1887 J. C. ROBINSON in Times 17 Aug. 5/4 
All architects, Gothic, Classic, and Queen Anneists alike. 
1889 J, K. JEROME Idle Thoughts 43 ' Drinking the waters * 
sounded fashionable and Queen Anneified. 

Queendom (kwj-ndsm). [f. QUEEN sb. + -DOM.] 

1. The country ruled over by a queen. Also^^-. 
1606 G. W[OODCOCKK] Hist. Ivstine u. 9 The Queendome 

was governed by two of the foure Sisters. 1705 HICKERIN- 
GILL Priest-cr. u. viii. 75 It has been fatal and ruinous to 
these Queendoms already. 1834 Prater's Mag. IX. 248 
Ours is a literary kingdom, or rather, queendom. 1873 
RUSKIN Fors Clav. xxxiii. (1896) II. 217 She should as 
seldom leave it [her home] as a queen her queendom. 

2. The position of a queen ; queenhood. 

1657 TRAPP Comm. Esther \\. 12 Whereby they might get 
the Kings favour and attaine to the Queendome. 1844 
MRS. BROWNING Dead Pan xi, Will thy queendom all he 
hid Meekly under either lid? c 1861 MRS. CHAIK Eiiz. fy 
Viet. (1870) 121 Womanhood is higher than queendom. 1877 
G. MACDONALD Marquis ofLosiie xl, [The moon] shone out 
fair and clear, in conscious queendom of the night. 

Queenhood (kwrnhud). [f. as prec. + -HOOD.] 
The rank or dignity of a queen ; queenly estate. 

1859 TENNYSON Enid 176 She. .with all grace Of woman- 
hood and Queenhood, answered him. 1885 MRS. LYNN 
LINTON in Fortn. Rev. Nov. 629 Her queenhood was not 
real. 1894 RALPH in Harpers Mag. Aug. 338 Thousands 
of tiny flowers, over which the wood- violet, the strawberry, 
and the arbutus struggle for queenhood. 

Queening (kwrnin). Also 5 quenyng, 7 
queenen. [? f. QUEEN sb, + -INQ3.] A variety of 
apple. Cf. WINTER-QUEENING. 

1430 LYDG. Min. Poems (Percy Soc.) 15 Eke the frutis 
wiche more comon be, Quenyngez, pechis, costardes, etiam 
wardens. 1635 QUARLES Embl.v. h. (1818) 262 'Tis not the 
lasting deuzan I require, Nor y^et the red-cheeked queening. 
1688 R. HOLME Armoury it. iii. 48 The Queening, is a fair 
red striped Apple, and beautiful in its Season, being a kind 
of Winter Fruit. 1698 M. LISTER Joitm. Paris (1699) 194 
It was the White Queenen (or Calvil d'Este) the Stem 
of the bigness only of my Thumb. 1879 Miss JACKSON 
Shropsh. Word-bit ., Queening^ a fine-flavoured sweet apple, 
common in the cider-orchards. 

t Quee'nist. Obs. rare. = QUEENITE (applied 
to partisans of Mary, Queen of Scots). 

1563 WINZET Four Scoir Thre Quest. Wks. 1888 I. 59 
Thai wold mok ws on lyke manere, and call ws Kingistis 
and Queneistis. 1584 CALDERWOOD in \Vodrow Soc. Misc. 
I. 426 In their places entered . . Queenists, such as employed 
their witts and force with his Mother against himself. 

Quee'nite. [f. QUEEN sb. + -ITE.] One of the 
partisans of a queen, esp. of Queen Caroline against 
George IV, or of Queen Isabella of Spain against 
Don Carlos. 

1820 J. JEKYLL Corr. iii. (1894) 106 Fourteen at table .. 
mixed of Queenites and Anti-Queenites. 1837 MAJOR 
RICHARDSON Brit. Legion v. (ed. 2) 132 The inhabitants of 
Vitoria are infinitely more Carlists than Queenites. 1859 
DK. BUCKINGHAM Mem. Geo. IV, I. 87 Theodore Hook .. 
made the respectable portion of the Queenites heartily 
ashamed of their cause. 

attrib. 1839 THACKERAY Major Gahagan iii, A troop of 
the Queenite lancers [in Spain]. 

Quee'nless, a. [-LESS.] Having no queen. 

1858 Sat. Rev. VI. 29/1 They may learn what happens to 
the queenless swarm. 1880 LUBBOCK in Jrnl. Linn. Soc. 
XV. 176, I procured a queen, .and put her with some hone_y 
in a queenless nest. 1882 Harper's Mag. LXV. 252 Gladis 
hung the cage for one day in her queenless hive. 

Hence Quee nlessness. 

1884 Bee-keeping (Brit. Bee-keepers' 1 Assoc.) 26 With me 
queenlessness presents the worst of all difficulties. 

Quee-nlet. [-LET.] A petty queen. 

1833 CARLYLE Diderot in Misc. Ess. (1888) V. 33 The 
whole North swarms with kinglets and queenlets of the like 
temper. 1899 Month Apr. 429, 1 thought this queenlet 
lived among the forest folk. 

Quee*nlike, [-LIKE.] Like a queen ; ma- 
jestic, haughty, etc., as a queen ; queenly. 

161* DRAYTON Poiy-olb. x. 117 Istrad likewise hies Unto 
the Queen-like Cluyd. 1670 HANNAH WOLLKY (title) The 
Queen-like Closet ; or Rich Cabinet stored with all manner 
of Rare Receipts. 1828 CARLYLE Misc. (1857) I. 200 With 
queenlike indifference she cast it from her hand. 1871 
CARLYLE in Mrs. C.'s Lett. II. 310 The most queen-like 
woman I had ever known. 

Queenliness (kwrnlinea). [f. QUEENLY a. + 
-NESS.] The condition or quality of being queenly. 

1863 GEO. ELIOT R onto la I. 290 Casting around, as it 
were, an odour of queenliness. 1874 GREEN Short Hist. 
vij. 8. 446 If she [Elizabeth] once broke the silence, it was 
with a flash of her old queenliness. 1875 BROWNING Inn 
Album iv, The lady's proud pale queenliness of scorn. 

Queenly (kwnui), a. [f. QUEEN sb. + -LY*. 
OE. had cwtnlic in the sense of * feminine '.] 

1. Belonging to, appropriate to, a queen. 

c 1540 CROMWELL Let. to Hen. VIII in Bumet Rec. (1779) 
I. in. 193, 1 answered and said.. that I thought she had a 
Queenly manner. 1550 BALE Eng. Votaries n. Diij, He 
deprived her of all queenly honour. 1570 FOXE A. fat, I. 
546 Whether they shal be eyther of regal, quenely, or im- 
perial dignitie. 1849 W. M. W. CULL Reverberations ii. 2 
Soon Alcestis . . With a queenlier presence . . Slept forth. 




QUEER. 

1878 GLADSTONE Print. Homer 133 In the Odyssey Helen 
reappears full of queenly dignity. 

2. Resembling a queen ; queenlike. Alsoyfy. 

1814 Miss MIIFORD Village Ser. i. (1863) 87 That queenly 

flower becomes the water. 1854 DORAN Habits % Men 704 

Anne of Denmark, .did not look queenly even in Elizabeth's 

robes. 1869 FREEMAN Norm. Cong, (1876) III. xi. 33 It had 

i brought forth its queenly leaves and its kingly fruit. 

Comb. 1871 AMY DUTTON Streets ff Lanes i. 32 A queenly- 
looking old lady. 

So Queenly adv., in the manner of a queen. 

rt 1851 MOIR To a wounded Ptarmigan vi, The wild swan 
from the lake, Ice-unfetter 'd oar'd it queenly. 1864 TENNY- 
SON Ayhner's FitMi6g Queenly responsive when the loyal 
hand Rose . . as she past. 

Queeii-mo'ther. [ See QDEEN 2 c.] 
L A queen dowager who is the mother of the 
reigning sovereign. 

1577 FRAMPTON Joyfull Newes n. Ixxvi. 43 b He . . did 
sende it to kyng Fraunces the seconde, and to the Queene 
Mother. 1664-5 PEPYS Diary (1879) III. 106 Mr. Povy 
carried me to Somerset House and showed me the Queene- 
Mother's Chamber. 1768 H. WALPOLE Hist. Doubts 98 
Why was not the queen-mother applied to. -for his support 
and education? 1853 MAURICE I'roph. fy Kitigs xi. 177 A 
usurpation by the queen-mother for six years follows. 

2. A queen who is a mother. Also applied to 
a queen-bee, andyf^f. 

1602 SHAKS. Ham. ill. i. 190 Let his Queene Mother all 
alone intreat him To shew his Greefes. a 1658 CLEVELAND 
Myrtle-Grove 9 Clarinda rose .. Like the Queen mother of 
the Stars above. 1816 KIRBY & St. Entomol. (1818) II. 
xviii. 118 The first fruits of the queen-mother's vernal par- 
turition assist her. 1890 Westm. Gaz. 24 May 5/1 For more 
than sixty years the Queen-mother has gone in and out 
among generations of Windsor people. 

3. a. A variety of plum. b. A variety of pear. 
1664 EVELYN Kal. Hort. (r 729) 233/2 Plums, . .Saint Julian, 

Queen Mother. 1767 J. ABERCROMBIE Ev. Man his tnvti 
Gardener (1803) 673 Pears, . . Queen mother, Myrobalan 
[etc.]. 1770 FOOTE Lame Lover in. Wks. 1799 II. 86 A da- 
mascen plum . . does pretty well indeed in a tart, but ..to 
compare it with the queen mother, the padrigons [etc.]. 

4. attrib., as t queen-mother herb, 'queen's 
herb", tobacco (Minsheu Due/or 1617). Obs. 

So called after Catherine de Medici, to whom it was sent 
by Nicot, then ambassador in Portugal (1559-61). 

Quee'ii-post. [Cf. KING-POST.] One of two 
upright timbers in a roof-truss, which are framed 
above into the rafters and below into the tie-beam, 
at points equidistant from its middle or ends. 

1823 P. NICHOLSON Pract. Build. 127 The use of the 
queen-posts is similar to that of the king-posts ; viz. for fur- 
nishing a general support for the principals. 1847 SMEATON 
Builder's Man. 72 When the king-post is not thought to be 
sufficient to support the pressure . . Queen-posts . . may be 
used. 1851 TURNER Dom. Archit. II. iv. 162 This [roof] is 
very strong and massive, with tie-beams and queen posts. 

attrib. 1836 PARKER Gloss. Archit. (1850) 394 A king- 
post roof has one vertical post in each truss, a queen-post 
roof has two. 

Queenship (kwfnjip). [f. QUEEN sb. + -SHIP.] 

1. The dignity or office of a queen. 

1536 ANNE BOLEYN in Ld. Herbert Hen. VIII (1683) 447 
Neither did I . . forget my self in my exaltation, or received 
Queenship. 1648 HERRICK Hesfer., to Julia (1860) 28 For 
thy queen-ship on thy head is set Of flowers a sweet com. 
mingled coronet. 1848 FABER Sfir. Confer, (i860 146 What 
name can we give to a queenship so grand? 1876 J. ELLIS 
Cxsar in Egypt 83 Hast thou not saved my State.. And 
given me Queenship? 

2. The personality of a queen ; (her) majesty. 

1603 DRAYTON Heroical Ef. xiii. 107 Y faith her Queene- 
ship little Rest should take. 1894 MOTTEUX Rabelais v. 
xxii. (1737) 101 We. .thank'd her Queenship. 1767 Woman 
of Fashion I. 91 It was my Ladyship, I presume, that put 
her in mind of Cleopatra, no Disparagement to her 
Queenship. 

Queer (kwir), a. 1 Forms: 6 queir, queyr, 
que(e)re, 7 quer, 7- queer. [Of doubtful origin. 

Commonlyregarded as a.G.a,iier(MHG.lwer,see THWART), 
cross, oblique, squint, perverse, wrongheaded ; but the date 
at which the word appears in Sc. is against this, and the 
prominent sense does not precisely correspond to any of the 
uses of G. yuer. There are few examples prior to 1700.] 

1. Strange, odd, peculiar, eccentric, in appear- 
ance or character. Also, of questionable character, 
suspicious, dubious. 

1508 DUNBAR Fly ting 218 Heir cumis our awin queir Clerk. 
1513 DOUGLAS Mneis vm. Prol. 43 The cadgear . . Calland 
the coljear ane knaif and culroun full queyr. 1550 BALE 
Eng. Votaries n. 21 \ Chronycles. .contayne muche more 
truthe than their quere legendes. 1598 MARSTON Pygmal. 
i. 138 Show thy queere substance, worthlesse, most absurd. 
1621 W. YONGE Diary 27 Aug. (Camden) 43 The emperor is 
in that quer case, that he is not able to bid battle. 1663 
Flagellum or O. Cromwell 109 That the world may see 
what queer hypocrites his attendants were. 1712 STEELE 
Sfect. No. 474 p 2 Let me be known all at once for a queer 
Fellow, and avoided. 1742 RICHARDSON Pamela : III. 224, 
I have heard of many queer Pranks among my Bedfordshire 
Neighbours. 1840 DICKENS Barn. Rudge xxxix, It was 
a queer fancy, .but he was a queer subject altogether. 1870 
H. SMART Race fir Wife i. In the queer old room with its 
still queerer attempts at decoration. 

absol. 1826 SCOTT Woodstock (1894) II. 19 His appear- 
ance bordered.. upon what is vulgarly called the queer. 

2. Not in a normal condition ; out of sorts ; 
giddy, faint, or ill : esp. in phr. to feel (or look) 
queer. Also slang: Drunk. 

1800 W. B. RHODES Bomb. Fur. i. (1830) 8 We feel our- 
selves a little queer. 1826 Sporting Mag. XVIII. 285 
Galloping, -with a rummish team, and himself queer. 1848 

6 



QUEER. 

DICKENS Dombty i, I am so very queer that I must ask you 
for a glass of wine and a morsel of that cake. 1885 Miss 
BRAODON Wyllard"s Weird I. i. 39 That business on the 
railway was enough to make any man feel queer. 

3. Queer Street : An imaginary street where 
people in difficulties are supposed to reside ; 
hence, any difficulty, fix, or trouble, bad circum- 
stances, debt, illness, etc. slang. 

1837 LYTTON E. Maltrav. iv. vii, You are in the wrong 
box planted in Queer Street, as we say in London. 1865 
DICKENS Mat. Fr. in. i, Queer Street is full of lodgers just 
at present. 1886 STEVENSON Dr. Jekyll t. (ed. 2) it The 
more it looks like Queer Street, the less I ask. 

4. Comb., as queer-looking, -shaped, -tempered. 

iSas J. NEAL Brn. Jonathan 1 1. 171 A little, modest, queer- 
looking brown girl. 1838 DICKENS Nick. Nick, x, You are 
the longest-headed, queerest-tempered, old coiner of gold 
and silver there ever was. 1891 1 . HARDY Tea (1900) 105/1 
The queer-shaped flints. 

Queer, . 2 Thieve? cant. Forms : 6 quyer, 
quyre, 6-7 quire, quyre, 7 queere, 9 queer. 
[Of obscure origin: in later use (from c 1700) 
identified in form with prec., and perh. associated 
with it in meaning.] Bad; worthless. 

The exact sense varies with the sb. j for a list of the common- 
est phrases, as queer bird, buffer, bung, cole, etc. see the Diet. 
Cant. Creia (a 1700). Cf. also the sbs., as CUFFIN, CULL, 
etc. In quot. 1561 there may be an allusion to fuire choir. 

1561 AWDELAY Frat. Yacab. (1869) 4 A Quire bird is one 
that came lately out of prison. 1567 HARMAN Caveat (1869) 
84 To ctitte quyre ivhyiides, to geue euell wordes or euell 
languages. 1609 DEKKER Lanth. f, Candle Lt. Ciijb, To 
the quier cuffing we bing. 1641 BROMR Jovial Crew iv. ii. 
Wks. 1873 III. 431 The Quire Cove and the Harmanbeck. 
a 1700 B. E. Diet. Cant. Crnv, Oueere, base, Roguish, 
naught. i8 J. H. VAUX Flash Diet., Queer-tail, Persons 
of no repute, hired to bail a prisoner in any bailable case. 
[1865 DICKENS Mut. Fr. in. i, Concerning that bill-broking 
branch of the business. .. What queer bills are to be bought, 
and at what prices ':] 
b. as sb. : Bad money ; base coin. 

i8 J. H. VAUX Flash Diet. 

Queer (kwl<u), v. slang, [f. QUEER a.l or a.2] 

1. trans, a. To quiz or ridicule ; to puzzle, b. 
To impose on, swindle, cheat. 

1790 By-Stamler 343 Young rascals, who are telling you . . 



Br. Grins, Two Parsons Ixviii, A shoulder-knotted puppy, 
with a grin, Queering the threadbare curate, let him in. 
1819 BORROW Wand. Children in W. J. Knapp Lift I. 64 
Well, we have tramped the roads, and queered Full many 
a sharp and flat. 

2. To spoil, put out of order. 

iSu J. H. VAUX Flash Diet. 1818 Sforting Mag. II. 189 
His ogles were queered . . and his head was dunned. 1884 
G. MOORE Mummer's Wife (1887) 190 All they [the chorus] 
dared do they did lo ' queer ' her Scene. 

3. To put (one) out ; to make (one') feel queer. 
1845 W. CORY Lett. * Jrnls. (1897) 34 Hallam was rather 

queered (it not being in his line to do anything so con- 
spicuousi. 1894 Outing (U. S.) XXIV. 362/2 It queered me 
to think what would happen if they were to lose foothold. 

Hence Quee'rer, one who queers. 

iSiaCoLMAN Br. Grins, Two Parsons Ixxxv, These wooden 
wits, these quizzers, queerers, smokers. 

Queer, obs. form of quere QUAERE, QUIRE. 

Queer(e, obs. forms of CHOIB sb. 

\ Queering, ? syncopated f. kevering COVERING. 

1688 R. HOLME Armoury IIL 261/2 Queering is the cover- 
ing of a Wall . . new built, that Rain drive not into it. 

Queerish (kwis-rij), a. Also 8 quear-. [f. 
QUEEK a.l + -ISH.] Somewhat queer. 



. : queerish. 1819 

SHELLEY Peter Bell n. vi, He called the ghost .. It had 
a queerish look. 1846 LANDOR Exam. Shaks. Wks. II. 274, 
I myself did feel queerish and qualmy. 

Hence Quee rishuess. 

1805 RAMSAY Scoll. I; Scotsmen in i8//5 C. (Allardyce, 
18881 I. 382 The queerishness of his countenance. 

Queerister, obs. form of CHORISTER. 

Queerity (kwi-riti). Also 8 que(a)r-. [f. 
QUEER <z.i + -ITY.] Queerness, oddity. 

1711 STEELE Sped. No. 17 F 3 No Person .. shall be 
admitted without a visible Quearity in his Aspect, or 
peculiar Cast of Countenance. 1710-1 Lett. fr. Mist's Jrnl. 
(1722) II. 303 When I survey the Querity of thy Aspect. 
a 1849 POE Marginalia Wks. 1864 III. 555 The pages have 
now and then a typographical queerity. 1880 BLACKMORE 
Mary Antrley II. 146 York city, teeming .. with most 
delightful queerities. 

Queerk, obs. form of QUIRK sb. 

Queer ly (kwi<>Mli), arfz/.i [f. QUEER al + -LT 2.] 
Strangely, oddly. 

1707 HEARNE Collect. 16 Apr. (O. H. S.) II. 6 [He] liv'd 
querely. 1714 in Somers Tracts (1748) I. 387 The Earl 
looked q^ueerly. 1790 MAD. D'ARBLAY Diary 6 May, 
A sister-in-law of the queerly celebrated Miss Monckton. 
1864 SIR F. PALCRAVE Norm, tj Eng. IV. 395 Names., 
queerly inappropriate. 

t Quee-rly, adv? Obs. Cant. [f. QUEER a. 2] 
In a bad or rascally manner. 

a 1700 B. E. Diet. Cant. Crew s. v. Queere, ffaw Queerely 
the Cull Touts, how roguishly the Fellow looks. 

Queerness (kwl-jnes). [f. QUEER a.i + 
-NESS.] Strangeness (f reluctance) ; queer ways, 
condition, etc. Also, an instance of this. 



42 

1687 Br. TRELAWNY in T. Papers Camden Misc. (1853) II. 
19 There seemed a greate querenesse in them to the signing 
of it. 1748 RICHARDSON Clarissa (i8ir) IV. 171 Queernesses 
I could not away with. 1811-30 LD. COCKBURN Mem. 54 The 
boys stared at him for his queerness. 1879 ATCHERLEY Trip 
Boerland 43 Six or eight Joxen] were lying dead, and the 
whole, .were showing unmistakable signs of queerness. 

Queest (kw/st). Forms: a. 5 quysht(e, 
quyste, quisle, 7, 9 quist, quoist, (7 eoist), 8 
quiest, 9 quest, queist, 7- queest. ft. 7 quees, 
quiese, 8-9 queece, 9 queeze, quice, quoiee, 
etc. [ME. quishl, ?for *cusht, var. of CUSHAT 
(OE. cuscote, -sceote) by elision of the second 
vowel. Still current in western dialects.] The 
ring-dove, wood-pigeon. 

a. c 1410 Pallad. on Husb. i. 758 So hoot is no donge Of 
foul as of the dowue, a quyshte out take. (-1430 Two 
Cookery-bks. 8 Take quystes, an stoppe hem wyth-in wyth 
hole peper. 1598 SYLVESTER Du Bartas I. v. 713 The 
grizel Quoist. 1601 HOLLAND Pliny I. 342 Coists or Stock- 
doues. 1611 CcnGR.,Paavier,n Ringdoue, Queest, Coushot, 
Woodculuer. 1800 Genii. Mag. I. 106 The ring-dove or 
quiest. 1843 Zoologist 1. 213 Hiding himself in a barn, 
waiting for 'queests'. 1860 WHYTE MELVILLE Holmby 
House II. iii. 29 The quest's soft, plaintive lullaby. 1870 
M. COLLINS Vivian II. iii. 35 As pensive as a quoist. 

attrib. 1653 URQUHART Rabelais n. xxvii, The homes of 
a roebuck, .the feet of foure queest-doves. 

ft. 1688 R. HOLME Armoury n. 244/2 The Stock Dove.. 
U also termed by us a Quees or Quiese. 188* W. Wore. 
Gloss., Queece. 189$ Bham Weekly Post 16 Feb. 4/8 
A wood-pigeon, or ' quice ', as it is commonly called. 

collect. 1896 Westm. Gaz. 12 May 4/1 Sitting with his 
gun waiting for quoice. The quoice were disappointing. 

Queet, var. COOT sb.-, ankle-joint. Queethe, 
var. QUETHE v. Queeziness, obs. f. QUEASI- 
NESS. Queff, Quegh, varr. QUAIGH. Quehen, 
obs. f. WHEN. Quehte, obs. pa. t. of QUETCH v. 
Queich, var. QUAIOH, QUEACH. Queif, obs. Sc. 
f. COIP. Queijte, obs. pa. t. of QUETCH v. 

t Quermish, a. (also 5 qweymows), obs. var. 
SQUEAMISH, q.v. Hence Quei'mishly adv. 

a 1485 Promf. Pan. 419/2 (MS. S.) Qweymows, infra in 
skeymowse, or sweymows, al'hominativus. 1594 CHAP- 
MAN Shadmu Night, Ded. Aij, They queimishlie commende 
it for a pretie toy. 

Queine, obs. f. QUEAN, QUEEN. Queint, obs. 
f. QUAINT a. ; obs. pa. pple. of QUENCH ; var. 
QUENT v. Queintise, etc. : see QUAINT-. Queir, 
obs. Sc. f. CHOIR. Queist, var. QUEEST. Queit, 
obs. f. QUOIT sb. Queite, obs. pa. t. of QUETCH v. 
Queith : see QUETHB sb. and v. 

tQuek, queke. Obs. rare. [Of obscure 
origin.] A chequer or chess-board; some game 
played on this. Also Queke-board. 

[1376 in Riley Lottd. Mem. (1868) 395 A pair of tables on 
the outside of which was painted a chequer-board that is 
called a 'quek'. The complainants played with the de- 



fendant N icholas at quek. ] 1426 LVDG. DC Gitil. Pilgr. 1 1 108 
Rede . . On .thyng that ys nat worth a lek ; Pleye at the 
keyles & the quelc. 1477 Act 17 Edw. IV, c. 3 Diversez 



. , . 

novelx ymaginez jeuez appellez Cloishe Kaylez half kewle 
Hondyn & Hondoute & Quekeborde. a 1500 in Freeman 
Exeter (1887) 161 Yongpeple. .within the said cloUtrehave 
exercised unlawful games as the toppe, queke, penny prykke. 

Quek, var. of QUECK z>.i Obs. 

Quek(e, obs. forms of QUICK. 

t Queke, int. Obs. rare- 1 . [Cf. Du. kweken to 
quack.] An imitation of the note of a goose. 

c 1381 CHAUCER Par/. Foules (Harl. MS.) 594 $a queke 
yit saide the goos ful wele & faire. 

Queken, -yn, obs. forms of QUICKEN v. 

Queich (.kwelf, -tj), v. rare. Also 7 quelsh. 
[Related to SQUELCH as quash, quat to squash, 
squat.'} intr. and trans. To squelch. 



(1883) 210 With the water quelching in his boots. 1896 
A. J. C. HARE Life II. x. 277 Any good opinion of me .. 
was quelched by my want of admiration. 

Queldepoynte : see QUILTPOINT. 

t Quele, v. Obs. [OE. ewelait = OS. quelan 
to die a violent death (MDu. quelen to suffer, be 
ill), OHG. quelen (MHG. queln) :-OTeut. "kivel- 
an from root *kivel- : see QUELL v.] To die. 

c looo Sajvn LeeM. III. 272 Swa swa fixas cwelaS jyf 
hi of waetere beoS. ^1175 Lamb. Ham. in Du gederast 
mare & mare, & men cwela8 on hungre. c 1105 LAY. 31815 
MorO wes iwur5en ; quelen ba eorles, quelen ba beornes 
[etc.], a 1150 Prov. jElfreii 155 in O. E. Misc. 112 pat he 
may. .god iqueme er he quele. 

Quele, obs. north, form of WHEEL. 

t Quelet, quylet(e. Obs. rare. [a. OF. cueil- 
lete, cuillette, etc.: see CULET!.] A gathering, 
collection ; congregation. 

138* WYCLIF Lea. xxiii. 36 It is forsothe of companye, and 
of quelet. Dent. xvi. 8 The quylet of the Lord thi God. 
I4 tr. Secreta Secret. Priv. Priv. vii. 136 There shall 
noone quylete of auere, ne no hepe of tresure .. make his 
roialme ayeyne come. 

Quelk-chose, var. quelque-chose KICK-SHAW. 

Quell (kwel), sbl rare. [f. QCELL v.l] Slay- 
ing, slaughter ; power or means to quell. 

c uxoAnturs ofArth. 49 (Douce MS.) Withe gret questes 
and quelles Bothe in frethes and felles. 1543 GRAFTON 
Contn. Harding 518 Through al the tyme of hys vsurped 



QUELLER. 

reygne neuer ceased theyre quel, murder, death & slaughter. 
1605 SHAHS. Macb. i. vii. 72 His spungie Officers, .shall beare 
the guilt Of our great quell. 1818 KEATS Enrlynt. n. 537 
Awfully he stands, A sovereign quell is in his waving hands. 

Quell, sb.* rare-', [a. G. quelle spring: cf. 
QUELL v.-~\ A spring, fountain. 

1894 'G.EcERTON ' Discords 213 She was . .the quell of living 
waters out of which he drew fresh strength for new lays. 

Quell (kwel), v.i Forms: i cwellan, (ewoel- 
lan), 3 ewelle, -enn ; 3-4 quelleu, (5 qvellyn), 
3-5 quelle, 5 qwell(e, whell(e, 4, 6 quel, 4- 
quell. Pa. t. I cwealde, 3 qualde, quolde, (//. 
cwelden, cwaldenn, qualden), 3-4 queld(e; 
4- quelled, (4 -id, 6 Sc. -it, -yt). Pa. pple. 3 
i-queld, 4 quelt, 6 queld, 4- quelled, (5 -et). 
[OE. civilian OS. qtiellian (MDu. quellen, Du. 
kwellen), OHG. quellen, chellen (MHG. quellen 
queln, etc. G. qudlen), ON. kvelja (Sw. qviilja, 
Da. kvsele) : OTeut. *kwaljan > causative from the 
root /nual- : see QUALE, QUELE.] 

1. trans. To kill, slay, put to death, destroy 
(a person or animal). Now rare or Obs. (in later 
use associated with sense 3). 

897 K. ALFRED Gregory's Past. xlv. 342 Swelce hwa 
wille blotan aem fxder. .hitMtn beam, & hit Sonne ewelle 
beforan his ea;um. c loco J*LFRIC Exod. xxix. 16 ponne 
bu hine cwelst, bu nymst his blod. c i*>5 LAY. 1752 Heo 
qualden \c 1275 cwelden] ba Frensce alle ba heo funden. 
c 1150 Death 14 in O. E. Misc. 168 pe feond (>enche3 iwis be 
sawle forto ewelle [. r. quelle]. fijso Will. Palerne 179 
Briddes & smale bestes wtb his bow he quelles. a 1400-50 
Alexander 1307 He. .Bretens doun all be bild & be bernys 
quellis [v.r. whellis]. 1:1510 BARCLAY Mirr. Go". Manners 
(1570) D vj, If he be much cruell which doth his body quell 
Who killeth his owne soule is much more cruell. 1598 
HAKLUYT Voy. I. 20 Like barbarous miscreants, they 
quelled virgins vnto death. 1658 J. JONES Ovid's Ibis 93 



my just defence. 

absol. 1197 R. GLOUC. (Rolls) 885 pis king, .bigan berne 
& quelle. 1590 SHAKS. Mids. N. v. i. 292 O Fates. .Quaile, 
crush, conclude, and quell. 

fb. To dash out, knock down. (Cf. KILL v. 
i.) Obs. rare. 

c 1374 CHAUCER Tnylus IV. 18 (46) They fyghte . . And with 
here axes out be braynes quelle. 1538 STEWART Cron. Scot. 
1. 636 With mony knok the Romanes doun tha quell, a 1550 
Christis Kirke Gr. xxi, The carlis with clubbis coud udir 
quell Quhyle blude at breistis out bokkit. 
C. To kill, destroy (a plant), rare 1 . 

1778 [W. MARSHALL] Minutes Agric. 6 June 1775 A dry 
summer, no doubt, quells the roots. 

2. To destroy, put an end to, suppress, extin- 
guish, etc. (a thing or state of things, esp. a bad 
or disagreeable one, a feeling, disposition, etc.). 

l3..Gaw. , Gr. Knt. 751 pat syre bat .. was borne oure 
baret to quelle. a 1400 Ipotis 334 in Horstm. Altengl. Leg. 
(1881) 345 He wente to helle, pe fendes pouste for to quelle. 
1591 SHAKS. T-uto Gent. iv. ii. 13 All her sodaine quips, The 
least whereof would quell a louers hope. 1650 FULLER 
Pisgah n. iv. 103 Here some Commentators being not able 
to quell, never raise this objection. 1678 Trans. Crt. Spain 
25 This light punishment quelled all the false reports. 1725 
DE FOE Yoy. round World (1840) 342 The captain quelled 
this mutiny. 1781 GIBBON Decl. * F. xxxi. III. 249 An in. 
defatigable ardour, which could neither be quelled by ad- 
versity, nor satiated by success. 1831 LANDER Adv. Niger 
II. xii. 181 We soon succeeded in quelling their fears. 1868 
FREEMAN Norm. Cong. (1876) II. vuL 173 All opposition was 
quelled by fire and sword. 

3. To crash or overcome (a person or thing) ; to 
subdue, vanquish, reduce to subjection or sub- 
mission ; f to force down to. 

1570 Satir. Poems Reform, xxiii. 124 Thay did comfort vs, 
And maid vs fre quhen strangers did vs quell. 1610 HEALEY 
St. Aug. City of God 650 Pompey the great quelled them 
first, and made them tributaries to Rome. 1645 MILTON 

Tetrach. Wks. (1847) 178/1 (Gen. i. 27) The want of this 
quells_ them to a servile sense of their own conscious un- 
worthiness. 1748 GRAY Alliance 91 With side-long plough 
to quell the flinty ground. i838TmRLWAiLGr IV. xxxni. 
320 It might enable him to quell the revolted Egyptians. 
1868 FREEMAN Norm. Com;. (1876) II. viii. 297 The energy 
of William had thus thoroughly quelled all his foes. 

absol. 1853 C. BRONTE Villette xv, He quelled, he kept 
down when he could. 

1 4. intr. = QUAIL v. 2, QUEAL v. Obs. 

"579 SPENSER Sheph. Col. Mar. 8 Winters wrath beginnes 
to quell [gloss, to abate], a 1599 F. Q. vn. vii 42 Then 
came old January, wrapped well . , Yet did he quake and 
quiver, like to quell. 1616 SL-'RFL. & MARKH. Country Fartne 
114 Where ten thousand haue died for want of this exercise, 
not one hath quelled which hath beene vsed in this manner. 

Hence Quelled ppl. a. 

13. . Caw. r Gr. Knt. 1324 Quykly of be quelled dere 
a querre' bay maked. 1821 JOANNA BAILLIE Metr. Leg., 
Wallace iii, Her quell'd chiefs must tamely bear From brag- 
gart pride the taunting jeer. 

Quell, v* rare. [In first quot. app. repr. an 
OK. "cwellan = OS., OHG. quellan : in second 
quot. a. G. quellen.] intr. To well out, flow. 

1340 Ayenb. 248 pe welle eurelestinde bet alneway kuel? 
and fayly ne may. 1863 K|NGSLEY Water.Bnb. i, Out of 
a low cave.. the great fountain rose, quelling and bubbling. 

Queller (kwe-bj). [OE. cwellewO'K. kvel- 
jari: see QUELL z>.l and -EH '.] One who quells, 
in senses of the vb. 

Freq. as a second element in combs., e. g. boy-, child-, 
dfril- t giant-, titanqueller. 



QUELLING. 

fooo tr. Bxffas Hist. \. vii. (1890) 38 Se sylfa cwellere Se 
hine slean sceoide. cxooo Ags. Gosp. Mark vi. 27 Se 
cinincg.-sendeaenne cwellere. c izoo.V. Eng. Leg. I. 37/116 
(To] losie >e quellare he was bi-take. 1388 WYCLIF Tobit 
hi. tjThousleeresse \v,r, quellerejofthinhosebondis. c 1520 
BARCLAY Jugurtha (ed. 2) 48 The ioye of the quellars and 
murderers. 1671 MILTON P. R. iv. 633 Hail Son of the most 
High. .Queller of Satan. 1804 W. TAYLOR in Ann, JFtfP.lI. 
219 The promoters and quellers of the Wexford insurrection. 
1881 SEELKY Bonaparte in Afacm. Mag. XLIV. 168/2 The 
queller of Jacobinism . . Bonaparte. 

Quelling (kwe-lirj), vbl. sb. [f. QUELL ^.1 + 
-ING *.] The action of the vb. QUELL. 

i07 R. GLOUC. (Rolls) 5996 Brenningge & robberye & 
quefhnge. 1513 DOUGLAS /D*M xni. iii. 116 All the fludis 
walxynreid. .Ofmannisquelling. x6o3OwEN Pembrokeshire 
(1891) 91 The fallinge of the earth and the quellinge of the 
poore people. 1641 HINDK ?". Bnien xlv. 143 The killing or 
(liicllin^ of many noysome lusts. 1779 HERVEY Nav. Hist, 
II. 97 The quelling of Tyrone's rebellion. 

Quelling (kwe'lirj), ppl. a. [f. as prec. + 
-ING ^.] That quells, in senses of the vb. 

1581 T. HOWELL Denises (1879) 211 Through quelling cares 
lhat threat my woful wrack. 1603 CAREW Cornwall 125 b, 
The imaginary Prince receiued a quelling wound in his head. 
1641 MILTON Ch. Govi. \\. iii, The heaviest and most quelling 
tyranny. 1894 MRS. H. WARD Marcella I. 124 Lord Max- 
well had written him a quelling letter. 

t Que'llio. Obs. [ad. Sp. cuello neck, collar 
: L. collum neck.] A Spanish ruff. Also attrib. 

1631 MASSINGER City Madam iv. iv, Your Hungerland 
bands, and Spanish quellio ruffs. 1633 SHIRLEY Triumph 
Peace 9, I ha' scene.. Baboones in Quellios, and, so forth. 
1638 FORD Lady's Trial ii. i, Our rich mockado doublet, 
With our cut cloth-of-gold sleeves, and our quellio. 

tQuelm, v. Obs. [OE. cwtfman, cwitfman 
( = OS. quelmian once in Hel.), f. cwealm QUALM.] 
trans. To torment ; to kill, destroy. 

c8ag Vesp. Psalter xxxvi. ii Denedon bo^an his. .3aet hie 
cwaelmen 5a rehtheortan. 971 Blickl. Horn. 63 Judas nu 
is cwylmed . . on Jem ecum witum. a 1300 E. E. Psalter 
xxxvi. 14 He bent his bowe . . bat he . . quelm rightwis of hert. 

Hence f Que'lmer, a destroyer. Obs. 

1:14x5 LYDG. Assembly of Gods 709 Quelmers of chyldren, 
with fornycatours. 

f Quelme, obs. variant of WHELM. 

1647 H. MORE SongofSonl i. i. xxv, So School-boyes do 
aspire With coppella hat to quelme the Bee. 

Quelp, obs. f. WHELP. Quelque-chose : 
see KICKSHAW. Quelt, obs. f. KILT sb. 

t Queme, sb. Obs, Also 2-3 cweme, 5 wheme. 
[App. subst. use of next.] Pleasure, satisfaction, 
Chiefly in phr. to queme^ so as to please or satisfy ; 
also, to take to queme, to accept. 

c 1175 Lamb, Horn. 23 Ne bu ne imjt beon wel iscrifen god 
almihti to cweme. (11300 Cursor M. 1064 (Gott.) Godd 
toke to queme his sacrefis. c 1330 R. BRUNNE Chron. Wace 
(Rolls) 2018 Of alle scheo was most til his queme. a 1400 
Minor Poems fr. Vernon AfS. 624/444, 1 was cros to monnes 
quemus. c 1460 Towneley Myst. vii. 62 Thou shall .. serue 
to wheme God with all thi hart. 

Queme, # Obs. exc. north, dial. Forms: 
a. 3 cweme, 3-5 queme, 4-5 quern, 5 qwem(e, 
6 queeme, 7-8 Sc. quim, 9 Sc, queem. 0. north. 
5 wheme, 7 wheeme, 7-9 wheam, wheem, 8-9 
whim, 9 weam, weme. [ME. cweme, queme, repr. 
OE. *wc'tne (cf. cw&nan, cwjmnes), or zecwjme 
I-QUEME = ON. kvsem-r (MSw. qvani) : cf. OJKG. 
piqitdmi (MHG. bequxme^ G. bequem = MDu. 
bequame* Du. bekwaatit}. The stem kw&mi- 
belongs to the ablaut -series of the vb. COMB,: for 
the sense cf. Goth gaqimip it is fitting, Eng. 
BECOME v. 7 ff., and L. convening 

1 1. Pleasing, agreeable, acceptable to a person. 
(In early use with dat. of person.) Obs. 

c iioo ORMIN 466 He wass . . god prest & Godd full cweme. 
c 1200 Trin. Coll. Horn. 63 pat me is quemere bat unbmdeS 
be bendes of wiSerfulnesse. c 1250 Gen. <$ Ex. 3764 Dan 
sulde we . . sen Quilc gure sal god quemest ben. 1x1300 
Cursor M. 26559 f deme quic and ded als him es queme. 
c 1375 Sc. Leg: Saints \. (Katharine) 29 Quha sacrifice mad 
till hym quern. 1460 Toivneley Myst. i. 42 This warke to 
me is queme. 

b. Of pleasing appearance ; specious; beautiful, 
fair ; neat, tidy. 

a 1300 Cursor M. 28128, I ..sayd my scryft wit wordes 
queme (>at my syn be lesse huld seme. 13.. E. E. Allit. 
P. B. 1178 Me payed ful ille to be outfleme . . Fro alle bo 
sy)tcz so quykez & queme. c 1400 Destr. Troy 6203 The 
whelis full wheme, all of white aumber. t 1450 Mirour 
Saluadoun 2892 A newe grave fulle qweme. iX&^Altiiondb, 
V H ttff tiers/. Gloss. , Weant^ uwne t .. tidy ..'A nice little 
weme packet*. 

C. dial. Closed against or protected from the 
vind, snug ; unruffled, smooth. 

1674-91 RAY N.'C. Words^ Wlieam^ ivkeem, near, close, 
so as no wind can enter it. 1820 Marmaiden rf Clyde in 
Whitelaw Bk. Sc. Ballads (1874) 93/2 Whan the year 
grown auld brings winter cauld We flee till our ha's sae 
queem. 18x4 MACTAGGART Gallovid. Encycl. (1876) 391 
Dream _that the ocean's queem. 

2. Fit, fitting, suitable ; convenient, handy ; 
near at hand, close. Const, to or dative. 

((1300 Cursor M. 8734 Sai me nuquat yow thine queme. 
Ibid. 8809 PC tre was als mete and quern, Als animan bar-to 
cuth deme. a, 1400-50 Alexander 5078 [A way] |?at to be 
marche of Messedone was him mast qweme. 1 57 LEVINS 
Manip. 60/15 Queeme, aryttus, compar. 1674-91 RAY N.-C. 
ords^ IMeaw, whcetti^ , . very handsome and convenient 

r one, 1812 T. WILKINSON Death of Roger in Gilpiu 



43 

Poetry Cuml'trt. 206 How wheem to Matty's elbow draws 
his chair. 1882 Lancasli. Gloss. , Whtcm, handy, convenient. 

3. Of persons : t & Friendly or well-disposed 
(to), intimate (with). Obs. 

c 1335 llfctr. Horn. 20 That he be til us quern that day. 
c 1400 Destr. Troy 1763 To qwit claym all querels, & be 
qweme fryndes. c 1440 Botit; Flor. 145 They lefte a purges 
feyre and whcme, All ther schyppys for to yeme. a 1687 
M' WARD Contend. 262 (Jam.) They shall fall . . into an 
intimacy with the malignant enemies to the work of God, 
and grow quim and co.sh with them. 1731 Plain Reasons 
Presoyt. Dissent. 53 Quim and cosh with them. 
b. Quiet, still, etc. 

c 1375 Sc. Leg. Saints v. (John) 324 Sa bu wil bis folk mak 
quern . . 1 sal sone consent bar-to. 1873 S-waledale Gfoss., 
Wheel", smooth, demure, still, slyly quiet, mock-modest. 
1883 Almondb. fr Huddersf. Gloss,, Weam or Weme, quiet 
. . ' A weme woman in a house is a jewel '. 
f C. Skilled, clever ; smart, active. Obs, rare. 

c 1400 Destr. Troy 4202 Who is now so qweme or qwaint 
of his wit, That couthe mesure our might. 1611 COTGR., 
Adroit,. . Handsome, nimble, wheeme, readieor quicke [etc.). 

1 4. As adv. QUEMELY. Obs. rare. 

c 1375 Sc. Leg. Saints vi. (Thomas) 180 And 36 be bidding 
5eme of be arxjstil wel & queme. 1513 DOUGLAS j*Eneis IX. 
xii. 6 He thristis to the levys of the jet, And closit queym 
the entre. 

t Queme, v. Ois. Forms: I cw6man, 3 
cweme(n, -enn ; 2-3 quemen, (4-5 -yn), 3-6, 8 
queme, (4 quern, quime, kueme), 5-6 queeme, 
(5 Q^-) ! 3-5 qweme, (5 qwh-, wh-). fa. t. 
1 quemde, 1-3 owemde, 3 owemmde, quern-, 
quamede, 4 quemed, (5 -et, 6 Sc. -it). Pa. 
pple. 3 ewemedd, owemmd, 3-5 quemed, (5 
-yd). [OE cwtman ( =gecwman I-QUEME v.) 
{. (e)cw(me adj. ; see prec. and cf. MSw. gvdmma, 
qvemma, G. bequemen (f. bequem adj.).] 

1. Of persons : To please, gratify (another, esp. 
a superior) ; to act so as to please (one). Orig. 
const, with dat. or to, later with objective case. 

a 750 Blickl. Glosses 13 in O.E. Texts 123 Conplacebatn, 
quemde. 897 K. /ELFRED Gregory's Past. xix. 146 Daet ic 
inonnum cweine & Hcige. c 1175 Lamb. Horn. 67 ?ef bu bus 
dost, .bu quelnest god. 1250 Gait, ff Ex. 1380 Him..\Vi5 
watres drinc ghe quemede wel. 1340 Ayenb. 26 To. .do bet 
kuead, uor to kueme kuead-liche to be wordle. c 1374 
CHAUCER Troylns v. 695 My fader nyl . . do me grace . . for 
ought I kan hym queme. 1496 Dives ff Paup. (W. de W.) 
vin. xiv. 342/1 We haue not gyuen hym ne wherwith to 

?ueme hym but that we take of hym. [1530 PALSGR. 676/2, 
tjutwe, . . This worde is nowe out of use.] 
absol. c 1275 Moral Ode 96 in O. E. Misc., Hwat schulle 
we beren vs bi-voren ; Mid hwan schulle we queme. a 1300 
E. E. Psalter lii. 6 God skatered banes of ba Unto men fat 
qwemes swa, 

2. Of things : a. To please, to be acceptable or 
agreeable to (a person). Const, as prec. 

a 1000 Sal. fj Sat. (Gr.) 165 Naeni^ man scile oft oroances 
ut abredan waspnes ecsje, Seah Se him se wlite cweme. 
a 1225 After. R. 338 Seruises inedde ne cwemeS nout ure 
Louerde. 1:1330 R. BRUNNE Citron. lYace (Rolls) 578 Jty 
dom vs alle quemes. 1390 GOWER Conf. II. 273 Every newe 
love quemeth To him which newefongel is. 1447 BOKENHAM 
Seyntys (Roxb.) 196 Tyl it hym queme To returnyn ageyn. 
a 1500 How the good wife etc. in Hazlitt E. P. P. I. 188 
A dede wele done herte it whemyth. 1579 SPENSER Sheph. 
Cal. May 15 Such merimake holy Saints doth queme \gloss. 
please). 1602 DAVISON Rhapsody (1611) 53 Like peerlesse 
pleasures wont us for to queeme. 

b. To be suitable or fining far. rare 1 . 

c 1400 Destr. Troy 3404 Paris . . Worshippit bat worthy in 
wedys full riche As qwemet for a qwene. 

3. trans. To satisfy, appease, mitigate, rare. 

c 1250 Gen. ff Ex. 408 Swilc tiding Shugte adam god, And 
sumdel quemeS it his seri mod. Ibid. 978 At a welle quemede 
hire list. 1430-40 LVDG. Bochas (1494) i. xxiii. 125 All the 
worlde outcneth of vs tweyn Whos hatful ire by vs may 
nat be quemyd. 

4. To join or fit closely. Sc. rare. 

Spi DOUGLAS Pal. Hon. ill. Ixvii, And thame [the stones] 
coniunctlie ionit fast and quemit. 1808-80 JAMIESON, To 
Qtteem, to fit exactly; as, to queem the mortice, or joint 
in wood. Upp. Lanarks. 

5. To slip in. rare~. 

1727 BAILEY vol. II, To Qitetne, as to queme a Thing into 
one's Hand, to put it in privately. 

Hence f Quemed ppl. a. ; t Quo-ruing vbl. sb. 

c 1250 Gen. ff Ex. 86 Til ihesus crist fro helle nam His 
quemed wid cue and adam. a 1300 E. E. Psalter cxlvi. 10 
Noght . . in schines of man queming bes him tille. 1340 
Ayenb. 26 pe ilke ssame comb of kueade kuemynge. c 1440 
Promp. Parv. 420/1 Qwemynge, or peesynge, paciftcacio. 

t Que'meful, a. Obs. Also quemful(l, 
qwem-, qweemeful. [f. QUEME sb. + -FUL.] 
Pleasing, pleasant, agreeable; kind, gracious. 

11340 HAMPOLE Psalter, Cant. 495 Dwelland out tharof. 
psalme is noght quemeful til ihu crist. 1388 WYCLIF Job 
xxxiii. 26 God. .scnal be quemeful to hym. 

Hence t Qae'mefully adv. Obs. rare '. 

c 1375 Sc. Leg. Saints i. (Katharine) 1204 To leyd cure 
lyflf sa quemfully till hyme, bat we ma cum. .to bat loy. 

Que'mely, "di>, ? Obs. Also 5 qwem-, 8 
wheem-, whim-, 9 queem-. [f. QUEME a. + 
-LY 2 . Cf. MSw. (/vat/ieHlta.] In a pleasing, 
agreeable, or becoming manner; neatly, gently, 
smoothly, etc. 

t 1380 WVCLIF Serin. Sel. Wks. II. 361 No bing is more 
resonable ban to quemely serve God. 1400 Destr. Troy 
11783 The golde was all gotyn,& the grete sommes. .qwemly 
to-gedur. c 1475 RnnfCoityar 684 The flure..couerlt full 
dene, Cuinmand fra the Cornellis closand quemely. 1703 



QUENCH. 

THORF.SBY Lei. to Ray (E.D.S.), Wheemly. neatly. 1788 
W. MARSHALL Yorksh. Gloss. (E.D.S.), Whimly, softly, 
silently, or with little noise. 1824 MACTAGGART Gallovid. 
Eucyct. s.v. Queem, ' The gled glides queemly alang ' ; the 
kite glides smoothly along. 

So f Que'meness, pleasure, satisfaction. Obs. rare. 

C900 tr. Bantu's Hist. i. xvi. [xxvii.] (1890) 82 Cwernnis 
uncysta. c 1200 Trin. Coll. Horn. 55 Ne muge we noht 
singe be blissfulle songes. .gode to quemnesse. 

Quen, obs. form of QUEEH, WHEW. 

Quence, obs. form of QUENCH, QUINCE. 

Quench, obs. variant of QUINCB. 

Quench, sb. rare. [f. the vb.] The act of 
quenching ; the state or fact of being quenched. 

1529 MORE Dyaloge n. Wks. 184/1 [To] lye and smolder 
as coles doth in quenche. 1546 J. HEYWOOD Prox>. (1867) 9 
A whyle kepe we in quenche All this Case, c 1611 CHAPMAN 
Iliad xix. 365 A harmfull fire let runne .. none came To 
giue it quench. 1818 T. BROWN in Welsh Life vi. (1825) 389 
The quench Of hope . . Made even the ghastly change . . 
Seem ghastlier. 

Quench, (kwenj), v. Forms : 3 Orm. cwenn- 
kenn, 3-5 quenohen, 3-6 quenche, 4- quench, 
(also 4-5 qwench, whench, 5 quynche, 6 
quence, -she, 7 quensh). Pa. t. 3 cwen(ch)te, 
quein(c)te, 5 queynte, 6 qwent ; 4- quenched 
(4-5 -id, -yd), fa. pple. 3 Orm. cwenukedd, 
(-enn), 4 ykuenct (-Jt), -quenct, 4-5 (i)queynt, 
(5 yqueynte), 4-6 queint, quaynt, 6 quent ; 
4- quenched (4-5 -id, 5 -yd). [Early ME. 
civenken, quenchen : OE. *cwpican (cf. dcwettcan 
AQUENCH) : *cwancjan, causative form corre- 
sponding to the strong vb. cwincan (acuuincan) 
to go out, be extinguished = Fris. kwinka (see 
QUINKLE): cf. drench, drink, .] 

I. trans. 1. To put out, extinguish (fire, flame, 
or light, lit. or Jig.}, f Also with out. Now rhet. 

a izoo Marat Ode 249 pet fur . . ne mei nawiht hit quenchen. 
c laoo ORMIN 10126 Waterr hafebb mahht To sleckenn fir & 
cwennkenn. c 1320 Cast. Love 1708 Fyre that may not be 
queynte.. 1340 Ayenb. 186 Huanne hit faileb, Jet uer is 
y.kuenct. 1387 TREVISA Higden (Rolls) I. 119 ?if be li^t is 
i-queynt, it duppeb doun and dryncheb. 1481 CAXTON 
Myrr. in. xiii. 161 In one day alle the fyre thurgh out 
Rome faylled and was quenchid. 1581 RICH Farcvi., I 
. . will not . . extinguishe or quence the flames of so fervent 
and constaunte a love. 1604 E. G[RIMSTONE] D' Acosta's 
Hist. Indies in. viii. 142 Greene wood . .smoakes most when 
the flame is quenched. iaa MASSINGER & DEKKER Virg. 
Mart. n. iii, O ! my admired mistress, quench not out The 
holy fires within you. 1713 BERKELEY Guardian No. 35 
r 5 He had almost quenched that light which his Creator 
had set up in his soul. 1810 SCOTT Lady of L. ill. xi, 
Quench thou his light, Destruction dark ! 1880 MRS. FOR- 
RESTER Roy ft V. I. 49 A tear comes into either eye and 
quenches the fire there. 

b. To put out, extinguish, the fire or flame of 
(something that burns or gives light, lit. or Jig.~). 
\ Also with away, out. Now only rhet. 

1381 WYCLIF 2 CAroil. xxix. 7 Thei . . quencheden the 
lanterns. 1382 Isa. xlii. 3 Flax smokende he shal not 
quenchen. 138* Epk. vi. 16 }e mown quenche alle the 
firy dartis of the worste enmye. 1413 Pilgr. Sowle II. Ixi. 
(1859) 58 Wax smelleth wors after it is quenchid, than 
doth any talowe. 1513 DOUGLAS /Eneis iv. ii. 60 The lycht 
of day Ay mair and mair the mone quenchit away. 1548 
UDALL, etc. Erasm. Par. Matt. xii. 71 He wyll not quenche 
out the smokyng flaxe. 1604 SHAKS. Oik. ii. i. 15 The 
winde-shak'd-Surge . . Seemes to . . quench the Guards of 
th'euer-fixcd Pole. [1667 MILTON P. L. xll. 492 Able to 
resist Satans assaults, and quench his fierie darts.] 1810 
SCOTT Lady of L. in. xi, The . .points of Sparkling Wood 
He quenched among the bubbling blood. 1853 C. BRONTE 
Villette xxii, There stood the candle quencned on the 
drawers. 1870 MORRIS Earthly Par. I. I. 392 As she 
turned.. To quench the lamp. 

c. To destroy the sight or light of (the eye). 
1667 MILTON P. L. HI. 25 These eyes, that rowle in vain. . 

So thick a drop serene hath quencht thir Orbs. 1791 S. 
ROGERS Pleas. Mem. n. 137 When age has quenched the 
eye and closed the ear. 1850 MRS. BROWNING Lam. for 
Adonis ii, His eyeballs lie quenched. 

2. To extinguish (heat or warmth, lit. or Jig.) 
by cooling, f Also with out. 

1406 HOCCLEVE La Male Regie 135 Heuy purs, with 
herte liberal, Qwenchith the thirsty hete of hertes dne. 
1410 Mother of God 28 That al the hete of brennyng 
Leccherie He qwenche in me. 1513 DOUGLAS Mneis iv. 
Prol. 119 Heit . . in to agit failjeis, and is out quent. 1604 
E. G[RIMSTONE] D' Acosta's Hist. Indies in. ix. 150 A 
kinde of cold so piercing, that it quencheth the vitall heate. 
1884 TENNYSON Bectet n. ii, Pity, my lord, that you have 
quenched the warmth of France toward you. 

b. To cool (a heated object) by means of cold 
water or other liquid. 

1398 TREVISA Earth. De P. R. vii. xxxv. (1495) 250 
Gotes mylke in the whyche stones of ryuers ben quenchyd. 



(1636) 34 [Rice]..boyled in Mllke wherein hot s 
beene quenched. ii WOODALL Surf. Mate Wks. (1653) 
358 Hot Bricks, somewhat quenched with water. 1747 
WESLEY Prim. Physic (1762) 61 Quench it in half a Pint of 
French white Wine. i8j SCOTT Woodst. i, Was the steel 
quenched with water from Rosamond's well. 
jig. 1719 YOUNG Paraphr. Job Wks. 1757 1 . 208 Who can 
refresh the burning sandy plain, And quench the summer 
with a waste of rain? 

t C. To slake (lime). Obs. rare. 
1577 HARRISON England n. xii. (1877) i. 234 The white 
lime. .being quenched. 1643 J. STEER tr. Exf. Chyrurg. i. 
3 When Lytne is quenched, .it is. .heated. 

6-3 



i'i 



QUENCHABLE. 

3. transf. To put an end to, stifle, suppress (a 
feeling, act, condition, quality, or other non-mate- 
rial thing, in early use chiefly something bad). 

riaoo ORMIN 4911 All idell ?ellp& idell ros |>u cwennkesst. 
c iyt$ Songs of Mercy mE. E. P. (1862) 120, I whenched al Ji 
care, c 1330 R. BRUNNE Chron. Wace ( Rolls) 16357 Louerd ! 
JK>U quencbe his wykkednesse. 1494 FABYAN Chron, v. 
xci. 67 In thysc Prouynces the faythe of Criste was all 
quenchyd. 1545 BRINKLOW Compl. iii. (1874) 16 How 
mercifully dyd God quench the fury of the peple. 1631 
LITHGOW Trav. in. 84 Quenching the least suspition he 
might conceiue. 1744 YOUNG Nt. Th, n. 340 All god-like 
passion for eternals quencht. 1833 HT. MARTINEAU Loom 
$ Lugger ii. v. 81 The observance of this rule would soon 
quench the desire for protection. 1876 TAIT Rec. Adv. 
Phys, Sc. vii. (ed. 2) 172 The final effect of the tides in 
stopping or quenching the earth's rotation. 

p. To slake (thirst) completely; t rarely, to 
satisfy or dispel (hunger). 

1390 GOWER Conf. II. 201 Thus the thurst of gold was 
ueynt. 41533 LD. BERNEHS Gold. Bk, M. Aurel. (1546) 
^>ijb, His hunger is not thereby quenched. 1535 COVER- 
DALE Ps. ciiilij. ii That the wylde asses maye quench 
their thyrste. 1661 LOVELL Hist. Anim, 4- Min. 335 
Stickle-backs .. serve better to quench hunger, than to 
nourish, tyyt YOUNG Brothers iv. i, Friends, sworn to., 
quench infernal thirst in kindred blood. 1841 ELPHINSTONE 
Hist. Ind. I. 489 Where they could quench their thirst at a 
well of brackish water. 

t C. With personal object. Obs. rare. 
16x1 SHAKS. Cymb. v. v. 195 Being thus quench'd Of hope, 
not longing [etc]. 16x4 B. JONSON Barth, Fair n. ii, A 
botle of Ale, to quench mee, Rascal. 

4. To destroy, kill (a person) ; to oppress or 
crush, t Also with out. Now rare. 

c xsoo ORMIN 19632 pejs wolldenn himm forrfaretm all & 
cwennkenn. 1:1380 WYCLIF Set. Wks. III. 363 He wi|> his 
part J>at love)? be world quenchen men )?at speken bis. 1399 
LANGL. Rick. Redeles in. 327 They constrewed quarellis to 
quenche the peple. 1567 Triall Treas. (18501 44, I, Tyme, 
. .quenche out the ungodly, their memory and fame. 1850 
DOBELL Roman iv. Poet. Wks. (1875) 54 Oh sea, if thou 
hast waves, Quench him ! 1850 TENNYSON I'iz'icn 216 (67) 
His greatness whom she quench'd. 

absoL tr 1*00 ORMIN 15213 Swillc iss winess kinde, }iff .. 
mann drinnke|>j> iu att oferrdon, itt cwennkebb. 
b. To put down (in a dispute), to squash. 

1840 DICKENS Barn. Rudge ix, I knew I should quench 
her, said Tim. 1868 Miss ALCOTT Little Women (1869) I. 
vi. 94 Jo quenched her by slamming down the window. 

t o. To destroy some quality of (a thing). Obs. 

1398 TREVISA Barth. De P. R. xvi, vii. (1495) 556 Quycke 
syluer .. is quenchyd wyth spotyll whanne it is frotyd 
thetwyth. 

II. intr. f 6. Of fire, a burning thing, etc. : 
To he extinguished, to go out, to cease to burn or 
shine. Obs. 

1 1190 S. Eng. Leg. I. 19/6 Heore li^t que'mcte ouer-al. 
c 1386 CHAUCER Knt's T. 1479 Right anon on of the 
fires queinte . . And as it queinte, it made a whisteling. 
1460 Lybcaus Disc. 1805 The torches that brende bryght 
Quenched anon ryght. 1513 DOUGLAS sEneis iv. xii. 121 
Thair with all the natural! neit out quent. c 1586 C'TESS 
PEMBROKE Ps. cxx. iv, Coales. .which quickly fired, Flame 
very hott, very hardly quenching. 1613 FLETCHER Bloody 
Brother iv. in, Like a false star that quenches as it glides. 
f b. transf. Of non-material things : To come 
to an end, perish, disappear. Obs. 

1:1305 St. Edmund in in E. E. P. (1862) 74 Quenche 
rai^te hire fole bojt mid blod j?at heo schadde. c 1400 Rom. 
Rose 5324 This love, .wole faile, and quenche anoon. 1641 
MILTON Reform. Wks. 1738 I. 16 The Spirit daily quench* 
ing and dying in them. 

tc. Of a person : To cool down. Obs. rare*. 

1611 SHAKS. Cymb. \. v. 47 Dost thou thinke in time She 
will not quench, and let instructions enter Where Folly now 
possesses. 

Hence Quenched (kwenjt)///. a., extinguished. 

1814 BYRON Lara i. xxix, Quench'd existence crouches in 
a grave. 1825 J. NEAL Bro. Jonathan III. 412 He could 
not bear the Took of the quenched eyes. 1868 BROWNING 
Ring $ Bk. vt. 148 To relume the quenched flax. 

Quenchable (kwe-nfab'l), a. [f, prec. + 
-ABLE.] That may be quenched. 

1611 COTGR., Atnortissable, quenchable, stintable, dissolue- 
able. a i6ao J. DYKE.?*/. Serm. (1640) 8 If., it be a quench- 
able fire. 1818 SCOTT Br. Lamm, v, Had we thought that 
your, .drought was quenchable. 1837 CARLYLE Fr. Rev. II. 
iv. ix, Fire itself is quenchable, yet only quenchable at first. 

Hence Que'nchableness (Bailey vol. II. 1737). 

t Que'nch-coal. Obs. [f. as prec. + COAL.] 
Something which extinguishes burning coal. In 



quots. fig. : An extinguisher. 
1615 S. WAR 



ARD Coal fr. Altar Serm., etc. (1862) 71 Zeal 
hath in this our earthly mould little fuel, much quench- 
coal. 1641 SYMONDS Serm. bef. Ho. Comm. p iii b, Opinions 
should not be quench-coales of love. 1741 J. WILLISON Balm 
ofGiUad ii. (1800) 25 Carnal company oft proves a dangerous 
quench-coal to zeal. 

Quenche, obs. form of QUINCE. 

Quencher (kwe-nfai). [f. as prec. -t- -ER 1 .] 
One who, or that which, quenches. 

c 1440 CAPGRAVE Life St. Kath. i. 820 Norysshere of vertu 
and quenchere of vice. 1561 PRESTON KingCambyses&s^Qt 
the same [heat] the quencher you must be. a 166$ J . GOOD- 
WIN Filled w. the Spirit (1867) 353 Those quenchers of the 
Spirit in themselves. 1704 r. FULLER Med. Gymn, (1711) 
86 Liquorice .. was ever reputed by the Ancients, for the 
greatest quencher of Thirst in Nature. 1848 DICKENS 
Dombey viii, Mrs. Pipchin's presence was a quencher to any 
number of candles. 1879 H. N. HUDSON Hamlet Pref. 4 
A feast so overlaid with quenchers of the appetite. 

b. colloq. Something to quench thirst ; a drink. 



44 

1840 DICKENS Old C. Shof xxxv, Mr. Swiveller replied. . 
that be was still open to a 'modest quencher'. 1856!'. 
HUGHES Tom Brawn \. i, A pleasant public, whereat we 
must really take a modest quencher. 1857 KINGSLEY Two 
y. Ago xviii, Trebooze . . now offers Tom a ' quencher ', as 
he calls it. 

t Que-nch-fire. Obs. rare- 1 . An apparatus, 
or substance, for extinguishing fires. 

1667 EVELYN Diary 10 July, I went to see Sir Sam. Mor- 
land's inventions and machines, arithmetical wheeles, quench- 
fires, and new harp. 

Quenching (kwe-nfin), vbl. sb. [f. QUENCH v. 

+ INQl.j 

1. The action of the vb. in various senses. 

c luo Bestiary 207 Dat is soule drink, sinnes quenching. 
1390 S. Eng. Leg I. 315/556 per is banne selde wete to 
maken quencningue of fuyre. 1398 TREVISA Barth. De P. R. 
v. xxx. (1495) 141 Quenchyng and deynge of the herte is in 
the nayles moste openly schewed. 1544 PHAER Regim. Life 
(1553) 1 ij, Stinking thinges, as assafetlda. .and the quench* 
yng out of candels. 1664 MARVELL Corr. Wks. 1872-5 II. 
176 Engins, such as are used frequently in the quenching 
of great fires. 1730 SAVERY in Phil. Trans. XXXVI. 307 
Steel hardened by quenching, a 1864 HAWTHORNE Amer. 
Note-bks. (1870) 1. 222 A quenching of the sunshine. 

b. spec. The process of throwing water upon 
the molten metal in a refining-hearth or crucible, so 
that it may be removed in disks or ' rosettes '. 

1875 KNIGHT Diet. Meek. 1847/2, 1984/1. 

2. attrib. and Comb, as quenching-test, -tub. 
1875 KNIGHT Diet. Meek. 1847/2 Quenching-tub. 1879 

C asseU' sTech. Educ. IV. 373/1 These conditions provide for 
the so called ' quenching and bending tests being applied 
to a piece cut from each plate and bar. 

So Qne nchinff ///. <-., that quenches. 

1381 WYCLIP Wisd. xix. 19 Water format his quenchende 
kinde. 1398 TREVISA Barth. De P. R. x. ix. (1405) 379 
Cinis is lytyll asshes lefte of quenchynge and sparklynge 
matere. 1559 Mirr. Mag., George Plantag. fiv, Like 

Quenching blastes, which oft reuiye the flame. 1611 BIBLE 
t'isd. xix. 20 The water forgat his owne quenching nature. 

Quenchless (kwe-njles), a. [f. as prec. + 
-LESS.] That cannot be quenched ; unquenchable, 
inextinguishable. 

1557 Tottelfs Misc. (Arb.) 137 These hellish houndes, with 
paines of quenchlesse fyre. c 1631 COWLEY Elegy Ld. 
Carleton, An angry Fever, Whose quenchless Thirst, by 
Blood was sated never. 1741 YOUNG Nt. Th. vi. 473 In 
faculties of endless growth, In quenchless passions. 1816 
BYRON Ch. Har. in. xlii, Fire. ., but once kindled, quenchless 
evermore. 1877 C GEIKIE Christ Ivii. (1879) 691 A last sad 
look of quenchless pity. 

Hence Que nchlessly adv. ; Que-nchlessness. 

1594 KYD Cornelia v. 403 Sacred Temples quenchlessly 
enflam'd. 1848 CRAIG, Quenchlessness. 

tQue-nchour. Obs. rare 1 . Quenching. 

1460-70 Bk. Quintessence 6 Loke bat ?e haue a sotilte and 
a slei3pe to quenche sodeynly be fier. .and whanne }e haue 
do 3oure quenchour, putte alfe be watris togidere. 

Quency, obs. form of QUINSY. 
t Quene, obs. form of COIN sb. 

1505 Will of Leek (Somerset Ho.}, Exspencis bidding of 
the church and makyng of my tombe w ( suche Quene as 
I shall leve in their hande. 

Quene, obs. form of QUEEN, WHEN. 

II Quenelle (k.re-1). [F., of uncertain origin.] 
In Cookery, a seasoned ball, of which the chief 
ingredient, commonly meat or fish, has been 
reduced to a paste. 

1883 V. STUART Egypt 296 Savoury quenelles of mutton 
enveloped in fennel leaves. 1888 Queen 15 Dec. 786/2 The 
insipid sweetbread . . the pasty quenelle, the sticky jelly. 

t Quengeoun, var. CONGEON. Obs. 

c 1430 Syr Gener. (Roxb.) 1339 Thou mysproude quen- 
geovn, Whi answerst thou not to my reason. 

t Quenger, obs. var. CONJURE. 

1567 Tales f, QuickC Anfw. (Berthelet) Contents Uxx, Of 
the olde man that quengered the boy oute of the apletre 
with stones. 

t Quenqueste, obs. form of CONQUEST. 

1422 tr. Secreta Secret., Priv. Priv. 171 Ihon de curcy, 
and many otheres of the quenqueste of I rland. 

Quenstedtite (kwe-nstetait). Min. [Named 
in 1888 after Prof. F. A. von Qucnstedt : see -ITK'.] 
Hydrous sulphate of iron found in Chili. 

iSS&Ataer. Jrnt.Sc.XXXVl. 156 The name quenstedtite 
is given to a salt occurring in reddish-violet, tabular crystals. 

t Quent, sb. Obs. rare. [ad. Sp. quento, 
cuento = It. canto, OF. cotite, COUNT sb.] A mil- 
lion (of maravedis). 

1555 EDEN Decades 314 Luys of S. Angell . . sente theym 
syxe quentes of marauedes. 1577 HELLOWES Guevara's 
Fam. Ep. 68 A.. gentleman of more than a Quent of rent. 

t Qnent, v. Obs. rare. Also 6 queint. [erron. 
f. queint, obs. pa. pple. of QUENCH z>.] trans. 
and intr. To quench. 

'557 Tottelts Misc. (Arb.) 262 Set about my hersse, Two 
lampes to burne and 'not to queint {rime spent], 1567 
TuKBERv. Epit., etc., Myrr.Fall nf Pride, He thought forth- 
with his thirst to quent . . But there he found or ere he went 
a greater drougth. 

fQuent, Sc. f. a(c)fuent, ACQUAINT///, a. 

1536 BELLENDRN Cron. Scot. (1821) I. i4_9 New servandis 
ar m derisioun amang the quent servitouns. 

Quent, obs. f. QUAINT a. ; obs. pa. pple. of 
QUENCH v. Quentance, -ise, var. QUAINTANCE, 
-ISE. Quenthing, erron. f. QUETHING. 

fQue-ntin. Obs. rare ", [a. F. ijueiilin 
' French Lauae'(Cotgr.). Cf. QUINTIN.] 'A sort 



QUERCITRON. 

of French Linnen-cloth that comes from S. Quentin 
in Picardy* (Miege 1687; also in Phillips 1706, 
Bailey 1721). 

Queor, obs. form of CHOIR. 

Quep, erron. archaism for guep : see GUP. 

1822 SCOTT Nigel iv, Marry quep of your advice. 1825 
Betrothed ix, Marry quep, my cousin the weaver. 

t Quequer, late var. COCKER, a quiver. Obs. 

c 1500 Roiiii Hood ft Potter 51 in Child Ballads III. 112 
To a quequer Roben went, A god bolt owthe he toke. 

Quer, obs. form of CHOIR, WHERE. 
t Queral, obs. form of CORAL. 

1533 GAU Richt Vay 85 Mony prayis ye psalter of our 
ladie..vith queral bedis. 

tQuerant. Obs. rare-' 1 , [a. F. ?/, pple. of 
querir to inquire (cf. QUERE v.).'] QUERENT sb.l 

1591 SPARRY tr. Cattail's Geomancie 81 The questions., 
touching the siluer of the brother or sister of the querant. 

t Querbole, obs. form of CUIR-BOUILLI. 

453 Test. Ebor. (Surtees, 1855) II. 190, j par of tables .. 
case of querbole. 

Quercetin (kwausftin). Chem. [Arbitrarily 
f. L. juerc-us oak + -IN l. (Cf. L. quercetum an 
oak-wood.)] A yellow crystalline substance widely 
distributed in the vegetable kingdom, but usually 
obtained by decomposition of qnercitrin. 

1857 MILLER Eletn. Chem. in. 512 When quercitrin is 
boiled with dilute sulphuric or hydrochloric acid, it is de- 
composed into glucose and quercetin. 187* WATTS Diet. 
Chent. ist Suppl. 982 Gintl . . has found quercetin in the 
leaves of the ash-tree. 

Hence Querce tamide, an amide obtained from 
.quercetin in the form of an amorphous orange- 
yellow powder. Quercetic (kwaise'tik) a., derived 
from quercetin, as in qttercetic acid. 

1868 WATTS Diet. Ckem. V. 3 On adding ammonia to the 
acid filtrate, quercetamide is obtained. Ibid. 5 Quercetin 
heated with potash yields quercetic acid and other products. 

1893 T. E. THORPE Diet. Chem. III. 324 If the melting is 
continued longer than necessary to obtain quercetic acid, 
then quercimeric acid is obtained. 

t Querch e, obs. forms of CUKCH, kerchief. 

c 1375 .Sc. Leg. Saints ii. (Pau[) 265 With be querch [he] 
hid ms face. Ibid. 295 Paule myn querche gaf to me. 

Quercimeric (kwarsime-rik), a. Chem. [f. 
querci-, comb, form of L. qttercus oak + Gr. \iifxn 
part + -1C.] Quercimeric acid, an acid derived 
from quercetin or quercetic acid. 

1868 WATTS Diet. Chem. V. 5 Quercimeric acid. .Produced 
by the action of melting potash on quercetic acid. 1893 
T. E. THORPE Diet. Chem. III. 324 Quercimeric acid .. is 
isolated in the same manner as quercetic acid, from which 
it differs by being much more soluble in water. [See also 
QUERCETIC.] 

Quercin (kwausin). Chem. [f. L. quercus oak 
+ -IN'.] (See quots.) 

1845 Penny Cycl. Suppl. I. 349/2 Quercin, a neutral 
crystalline substance procured from the bark of the oak. 

1894 ly'atts' Diet. Chem., Quercin .. occurs in oak bark, 
being obtained from the motner-liquors in the preparation 
of quercite.^ 

Qnercine (kwausain), a. [ad. L. quercin-us, f. 
quercus oak : see -INK 2 .] Of or pertaining to the 
oak ; made of oak, oaken. 

1656 BLOUNT Glossogr., Qnercine. oken, make of Okes. 
1658 PHILLIPS Quercine, belonging to an oak. 1854 B. 
TAYLOR Lands Saracen xxxvii. (1855) 440 The mast . . was 
as sweet and palatable as chestnuts, with very little of the 
bitter quercine flavour. 

Qnercitannin (kwajsitas'nin). Chem. [f. L. 
querci- oak- + TANNIN.] A form of tannin obtained 
from oak-bark. So Quercita nnic a., in querci- 
tannic acid = quercitannin. 

1845 W. GREGORY Outl. Org. Chem. 416 Tannic Acid . 
Syn. Quercitannic Acid, Tannine. This acid occurs chiefly 
in oak-bark and in nut-galls. 1852 MORFIT Tanning and 
Currying (1853) 78 The tannin of tea is similar in properties 
to quercitannin. 1895 Naturalist 25 A tannin, which is 
probably quercitannin. 

Quercite (kw5-jsait). Ckem. [f. L. quercus 
oak + -ITE 1 4.] A sweet crystalline alcohol obtained 
from acorns. 

1857 MILLER Eletn. Chent. m. 72 Quercite . . from acorns. 
..Transparent prisms. 1863 FOWNES Chem. 434 The juice 
of the acorn is submitted to fermentation. The fermented 
liquor, on evaporation, yields small prisms of quercite. 

Hence Qneroitiu(e) = QUERCETIN (Webster 1 864, 
citing Gregory). Que'rcitol = QUERCITE (Watts 
Diet. Chem. 3rd Suppl. 1881). 

Quercitron (kwausitren). [Abbreviated for 
querci-citron, f. L. quercus oak + CITRON. Named 
by Dr. Bancroft about 1 784.] The black or dyer's 
oak of N. America (Quercus lincloria'} : also called 
quercitron oak. b. The inner bark of this, used as 
a yellow dye and in tanning : also quercitron bark. 

1794 BANCROFT Philos. Perwan. Colours xii^ The Quer- 
citron bark . . is one of the objects of a discovery, of which 
the use and application for dying, calico-printing, &c. are 
exclusively vested in me . . by an act of parliament passed 
in the 25th year of his present Majesty's reign. 1851 
MORKIT Tanning fft Currying (1853) loo The black, or 
quercitron oak, is a large tree found throughout the United 
States. Ibid. 101 The quercitron, so much used in dyeing, is 
obtained from the cellular integument. 

attrib. 1813 \]RK Diet. Chem. (ed. 2) 398/1 Cloth .. sub- 
jected to the quercitron bath. 

Hence Querci'trein, a product of quercitrin. 



QUERCIVOROTTS. 

? Obs. Qnerci'tric a., derived from quercitrin, 
as in quercilrit acid (Watts Diet. Chem. 1868). 
Qne-rcitriu, the yellow crystalline colouring 
matter of quercitron bark. 

1833 Kncycl. Ftrit. (ed. 7) VIII. 320/2 To this colouring 
matter Chevreul has given the name of quercitrin. IHd. 
321/1 Yellow crystals possessing the characters of quercitrin. 
1841 Penny Cycl. XIX. 211/1 The tannin which quercitrin 
contains, .gives a green colour with peroxide of iron. 1845 
Ibid. SuppH I. 349/2 On boiling a solution of quercitrin, it 
becomes turbid, and deposits a quantity of small acicular 
crystals of quercitrein. 

Quercivorous (kwsasi'vSras 1 , a. [f. L. quercus 
oak + -vorus devouring.] Feeding on oak-leaves. 

1858 Zoologist XVI. 6154^ An individual [caterpillar] which 
had already become quercivorous. 

Querck, obs. form of QUIRK. 

t Querculane, a. Obs. rare ", [ad. mod.L. 
qtierculan-us, f. quercus oak.] = QUERCINE a. 

1656 BLOUNT Glossogr-. [Hence in some later diets.] 

Querdlynge : see CODLING 2. 

t Quere, z". Obs. rare. Also 5 quire, [a. OF. 
quer-re (in conj. quier, quer- ; mod.F. querir) : L. 
quxrifre : see INQUIRE.] To ask, inquire. 

13.. Propr. Sanct. (Vernon MS.) in Archrv neu. Spr. 
LXXXI. 319/7 He wolde wile and quere What-maner mon 
bat he were, a 1400-50 Alexander 1 1703 His qualite, his 
quantite, he quirys [Dubl. MS. enquirez] all-to-gedire. 
a 1415 Cursor M. 19611 (Trin.) As he bus went to quere 
[Cott. sek] & aske . . pe fuyr of helle him smot. c 1425 



fellows come to quere for me, Tell them I am asleep.] 

Quere, obs. form of CHOIR, QU^IRE, QUEER. 

Quereboly, obs. form of CUIR-BOUILLI. 

t Querelatory, a. Obs. rare', [f. ppl. stem 
of med.L. querelare to complain (see QUEBELE) + 
-OBY.l Of the nature of a complaint. 

'553 in Strype Eccl. Mem. (1721) III. i. ii. 23 [Bonner did 
present his libel called in the instrument] a certain ap- 
pellatory and querelatory Libel. 

t Querele, sb. Obs. [Orig. form of QUAKRED 
:6.3 (q.v.), occasionally employed (prob. under 
influence of L. querela) after quar(r)el had become 
the usual form.] 

1. A complaint; an action. =QuABBEL I. 

1494 FABYAN Chron. an. 1123 To go before the king with 
a lamentable querele expressing how with true despites he 
was deformed. 1542 UDALL Erasrn. Apoph. 146 Such 
persones, as dooe by a wrongfull querele obiecte vnto me, 
that [etc.]. 6a8 COKE On Litt. 292 If a man release all 
Quereles..all actions reall and personal! are released. 1726 
AYLIFFE Parerg. [189] Not in Causes of Appeal, but in 
Causes of first Instance and simple Querele only. 

2. A cause, affair, etc. = QUARREL 2. 

1551 Order St. Bartholomew's A v, So sufficiently . . set 
forth this enormitie of the Citezeins, as semed behouefull 
for the querele of charitie. 1566 GRINDAL Lett, to Sir W. 
Cecil Wks. (Parker Soc.) 289 All ministers, now to be 
deprived in this querele of rites. 

So f Querele v. QUARREL v. Hence t Quereler , 
quarreller, objector. Obs. 

1549 UDALL Erasm. Apoph. 306 The faulte fynder or 
quereler. 1548 Par. Luke xv. 133 The elder sonne.. 
proudely quereled and reasoned the mattier with his father. 

Querele, -ell, obs. forms of QUABBEL s6.3 
t QuerelOUS, a. Obs. rare. [ad. late L. quere- 
las-us, {. querela QUERELE.] =QUEBULOUS (q.v.). 

For earlier examples of the form see QUARRELLOUS. 

1581 J. HAMILTON in Co/A. Tract. (S. T. S.) 84 Thir ar 
murmurers, querelus [L. querulosi\. 1614 Bp. HALL No 
Peace with Rome 2 That querelous libell of the Macedo- 
nians, a 1661 FULLER Worthies, Kent II. (1662) 74 Though 
generally the Irish are querelous of their Deputies . . yet 
ir Henry left a good memory. 1751 Affecting Narr. of 
Wager 32 A Midshipman . . of an insolent querelous Temper. 

Hence t Querelousness. Obs. rare**. 

1643 PRYNNE Open. Gt. Seal Ep., The querelousnesse of 
the clamorous Opposites. 

Querent(kwi'rent), sb. 1 Also 7 queer-, [ad. 
L. quserent-em, pres. pple. of quxrOre to inquire : 
cf. QUERANT, QUERIST.] One who asks or inquires ; 
spec, one who consults, or seeks to learn something 
by means of, an astrologer. 

1598 F. WITHER tr. Dariot Astrol. Judg. O 3, By this 
meanes the Querent shall not haue his desyre. 1647 LILLY 
Chr. Astrol. vi. 49 [see QUESITED], 1653 SIR G. WHARTON 
Comets Wks. (1683) 141 Many Queries .. which I have 
answered . . to my own and the Querents admiration. 1696 
AUBREY Misc. (1784) 129 The Magicians now use a crystal- 
cohere, .. which is inspected .. sometimes by the Querent 
himself. 1705 BOSMAN Guinea 152 If the Priest is enclined 
to oblige the Querent, the Questions are put. 1845 White- 
hall x\\. 151 The astrologer, fixing his keen, cunning eyes 
on the querent. 1881 [see QUESITED]. 

Que'rent, sb.'i and a. rare. [ad. L. querent-em, 
pres. pple. of queri to complain.] a. sb. ' A com- 
plainant, plaintiff '(!) b. adj. Complaining. 

1727 in BAILEY, vol. II. 1845 Whitehall li. 363 A process 
in which Joyce assisted with manifest sulkiness, and many 
a querent glance at his young commander. 

Quereour, Queresoeuer, Querester(e, 
Querf, Querfore, obs. ff. QUARRIER i, WHERE- 
80KVEH, CHORISTER, WHARF, WHEREFOBE. 

tQue-rical, a. and sb. Obs. rare. [f. quere 
QU.EBE sb., or QUERY sb. + -ICAL.] a. adj. Of the 
nature of a query or queries, b. sb. A query. 



45 

i6go (title], Querical Demonstrations writ by Prince 
Hutler Author of the Eleven Queries [etc.]. Ibid. 24 
Don't dUdain, My Querical Strain, And 1 . . have yet in 
store, Of such Quericals more, At least a whole Score. 

Querie, obs. var. EQUERRY (q.v.). 

Que'ried,//*/. a. [f. QDEKV v. + -ED!.] Called 
in question ; marked with a query. 

177* Ann, Rfg. 241/2 You have insisted, .that you should 
not nave rejected the queried votes, if you had not been con- 
vinced . . that they were all corrupted. 

Querier (kwle-ria.!). [f. QUERY z>. + -EB 1 .] One 
who queries ; also slang, a chimney-sweep who 
asks for work. 

1672 PENN Spir. Truth Vind. 93 That would have been 
no Answer to their weighty Question, nor any allay to that 
earnest Enquiry.. the Queriers were under. 1861 MAYHEW 
Lend. Labour II. 377 The knuller is also styled a 'querier ', 
a name derived from his making inquiries at the doors of the 
houses as to whether his services are required. 

Querimonions (kwerim^'nias), a. Also 7 
quere-. [ad. late L. querimonios-us : see next 
and -oos. Cf. obs. F. querimonieux (Godef.).] 
Full of, addicted to, complaining. 

1604 in R. CAWDREY Table Alph. 1630 J. TAVLOR (Water 
P.) Epigr. xxxvi. Wks. II. 266/1 Querimonious paines Doe 
puluerise the concaue of my brames. 1658 OSBORN Adv. 
Son (1673) 206 Querimonious accusations of his best 
Servants. 1791 COLLINSON Hist. Somerset 608 It was on 
this solitary island that Gildas. .composed his querimonious 
treatise. 1848 MOZLEY Ess., Luther (1878) I. 354 That 
passionate and querimonious temper. 

Hence Querimo-niously adv. ; Querimo-iiious- 
ness (Bailey vol. II. 1727). 

01668 DENHAM A Dialogue, Most queremoniously con- 
fessing That I of late have been compressing. 

QueriniOliy (kwe'rimsni). [ad. L. querinwnia, 
f. queri\.o complain : cf. F. qutrimonie (iGthc.).] 
Complaint, complaining. 

1539 in Froude Hist. Eng. (1856) I. 217 By way of queri- 
mony and complaint, a 1548 HALL Citron., Ediu. 7^239 b, 
The king .. troubled with hys brothers dayly querimonye. 
1610 Bp. HALL Apol. Broitmists 39 marg., To which vniust 
and triuialt quenmony, our most iust defence hath beene 
[etc.]. 1887 BLACKMORE Springhaven (ed. 4) I. viii. 61 The 
scholars of the Virgil class . . had recovered from the queri- 
monies of those two sons of Ovid. 

t QueTism. Obs. rare- 1 , [f. as next + -ISM.] 
The practice of inquiring or asking. 

1648 JENKYN Blind Guide iv. 88 Your engagement against 
querism or seeking . . will come to nothing. 

Querist (kwlo'rist). [f. L. queer-Ore to ask + 
-1ST : cf. QUERENT, QuEBY.] One who asks or 
inquires ; a questioner, interrogator. 

1633 EARL MANCH. Al Mondo (1636) 147 Those Querists 
who must haue a reason for every thing in Religion. 1713 
STEELE Englishm. No. 5. 31 This Querist thinks himself., 
very seasonable in the Questions, a 1774 GOLDSM. Sum. 
Exp. Philos. (1776) II. 2 Were we asked . . what is air, we 
should refer the querist to his experiencealone. 1875 JOWETT 
Plato (ed. 2) III. 92 A troublesome querist comes and asks, 
' What is the just and good? ' 

Querister, variant of CHOBISTEB. 

Querity, Querk, obs. ff. QUEERITY, QUIBK. 

Querken (kw5Mk'n),z>. Obs. exc. dial. Forms: 
5 querkyn, qwerken, -yn, 6 quarken, 7 quirk-, 
whirken, 8 dial, quacken, 9 dial, wlrken, quock- 
en, 5-6 (8-9 dial.) querken. [ = OFris. querka 
(mod. querke, quirke), ON. kvirkja, kyrkja (Da. 
kvxrke, kyrke), i. OFris. querk, ON. kverk (MSw. 
qvark), OHG. querca throat.] trans. To choke, 
suffocate, stifle. Hence Que-rkening vbl. sb. 

c 1440 Promp. Parv. 420/2 Querkenyd, sujfocatus. Quer- 
kenynge, sujfocacio. Querkyn, idem quod quellyn. 1450- 
1530 Myrr. our Ladye 249 The bytternesse of sorowe quer- 
kynde & stopped, .the virgins harte. 1540 PALSGR. Acolastus 
H ij, I haue a throte bolle almoste strangled, snarled, or 
quarkennyd with extreme hunger. 1541 R. COPLAND Gnydon's 
Quest. Ckiriig,, Maner exam, lazares, Q iv, Yf there apere 
any straytnes of breth as yf wolde querken [sic]. 1607 WALK- 
INGTON Opt. Glass 124 It wil . . send up such an ascending 
fome that it will bee ready to quirken and stifle vs. 1611 
COTGR-, Noyer, to drowne, to whirken, or stifle with water, 
etc. Ibid., S vffocation, a suffocation,.. whirkening. 1783 
LEMON Eng. Etytn., Querkened, sometimes written, and pro- 
nounced quackned. 1828 Craven Gloss., Querkened, suffo- 
cated. 1848 A. B. EVANS Leicestersh. Words s. v., The 
wind was so high . . that I was welly quockened. 1880 in 
Cheshire Gloss. (1886), Wirken. 

Querl (kw5.ll), sb. U. S. Also quirl. [? var. 
of CURL, or a. G. querl, quirl from MHG. twirl 
TWIRL.] A curl, twist, twirl. 

1880 in WEBSTER Suppl. 1883 Cent. Mag. Dec. 201/1 The 
forms are grotesque beyond comparison : twists, querls, 
contortions. 1885 Harpers Mag. LXX. 219 The crooks and 
querls of the branches on the floor. 

So Qnerl v., to twirl, coil, etc. (Knowles, 1835). 

Quern 1 (kwaan). Forms: I oweorn, cwyrn, 
(coern, cern), oweorne, cwearne, 4 queern(e, 
quyerne, qwhern, 4-7 querne, 5 queren, 5-6 
qwern, 6 quearn, (wherne, wyrne), St. queirn, 
7 quarn, 8 St. quirn, 7- quern. [OK. ciaeorn, 
cwi^rn sir. fern., cweorne wk. fem. - OFris. quern, 
OS. quern (or querna, MDu. i/tiereii-e, Du. kweern), 
OHG. quirn, churn and chuirna (MHG. kuni, 
kurne), ON. kvern (Icel. kvorn, Sw. qvarii , Da. 
tva-rti), Goth, -qairnus, from a pre-Teut. stem 
*g"'eni , variations of which appear in synonymous 



QUEKULATION. 

forms in other Aryan languages, as Lith. glrttos, 
OS1. ir/ltiy and zrfmfivfi, Kuss. SKCpHOBT,, Pol. 
zarna, Olr. bri (gen. broott), W. breuan, etc.] A 
simple apparatus for grinding corn, usually con- 
sisting of two circular stones, the upper of which 
is turned by hand; also, a small hand-mill for 
grinding pepper, mustard, or similar substances (see 
pepper-, mustard-quern). 

(-950 Lindisf. Gosp. Matt. xxiv. 41 Tuu wif jegrundon on 
coernae [Kuskvi. Jet cweorne]. c 1000 VLFRIC Exod. xi. 5 
Jtere wylne..bset silt xt baere cweornan. 1305 Pilate 
in E. E. P. (1862) in Bi a melewardes doubter he lai..And 
bijat on hire vnder be querne be libere bern. 1340 Ayenb. 
181 Samson. .uil into be honden of his yuo, bet him deden 
grinde ate querne. CI374 CHAUCER Former Age 6 Onknowyn 
was b' quyerne and ek the melle. c 14110 Pallad. on Hush. 
I. 831 Eek as for hail a russet weede is To kest vpon the 
querne. 1513 DOUGLAS sEneis i. iv. 39 For skant of victuall 
the cornes in quernis of stane Thai grand. 1577 B. Gooce 
HeresbacKs Husb. (1586) 10 A Querne or a hand Mill doth 
but a little good. 164^7 LILLY Chr. Astrol. 1. 354 Some 
necessary thing . . to use m his house, as a Furnace or Quern, 
or such like. 1699 EVELYN Acetaria (1729) 148 The seeds 
are pounded in a Mortar, or . . ground in a Quern contriv'd 
for this Purpose. 1771 PENNANT Tour in Scotl. (1794) 232 
Saw here a Quern, a sort of portable mill made of two stones. 
1841 S. C. HALE Ireland III. 296 Two women generally 
worked the Quern, one sitting facing the other, the quern 
between them. 1884 J. COLBORNE Hicks Pasha. 60 The 
circular querns of Lower Egypt, which are turned by means 
of a wooden handle. 

b. attrib. and Comb., as quern-chant, -house, 
-mill, -picker, -song, -staff; quern-like adv. See 
also QUERN-STONE. 

1898 Edinli. Rev. Apr. 440 In the North, where he often 
heard the rhythmical *quern-chant. 1525 in Southwell 
Visit. (1891) 123, ij leads that standes in *wherne-house. 
1591 SYLVESTER Du Bartas i. vi. 595 Two equall ranks of 
Orient Pearls.. (*Quern-like) grinding small Th' imperfect 
food. 1600 HOLLAND Livy xxxm. xlv. 706 Troughs and 
*querne mils. 1441 in Bury Wills (Camden) 256 [The will 
of William Toly], ' *quernepykker ', [1441, is in Lib. Osbern, 
f. 247). 1816 W. TAYLOR in Monthly Rev. LXXXI. 73 We 
will now subjoin the Grotta-Saungr or *quern-song. 1483 
CatJt. Angl. 297/1 A *Querne-staffe, inolucrum. 

t Quern-. Obs. rare~ l . In 5 qwerne, qweryn. 
App., a large piece of ice. 

a 1400-50 Alexander 3003 Alexander, .rydis To be grete 
flode of Granton & it on a glace fyndis. Or he was so?t 
to be side git sondird f?e qweryns [Dubl. MS. qwernes], 

Quern, obs. variant of KEEN z/.l 

Que'rnal, a. rare. [f. L. quern-us, f. quercus 
oak + -AL.] 

fl. Made of oak-leaves ; oaken. Obs. rare 1 . 

1599 THYNNE Animadv. (1875) 49 The Quernall crowne 
gyven to those whiche had saued a cytyzen. 

2. Bot. Quernal alliance, Lindley's name for his 
' alliance ' of diclinous exogens, containing the 
orders Corylaceie an&Juglandacese. 

1846 LINDLEY Veget. Kingd. 289 If it were not for the 
minute embryo . . it might take its place in the Quernal 
Alliance. 

t Querne. Obs. i-nre { . [a. OF. querne (Godef.) 
for quaterne, after terne.'} A qnatre or four in 
dice-playing (in quot._/ff.). 

13 . . Coer de L. 2009 Richard . . gave him a stroke on the 
molde . . Ternes and quernes he gave him there. 

Quernell, square : see QUABNELL. 

Querner, obs. form of CORNER si. 1 

Que'rn-stone. [Cf. ON. kvemsleinn.] One 
ofthe two stones forming a quern ; a millstone. 

C9SO Lindisf. Gosp. Matt, xviii. 6 Behofas him baet he 
gehongiga coern-stan . . in suire his [c 1000 Ags. Gosp. cwyrn-, 
cweorn-stan], 1388 WYCLIF Num. xi. 8 And the puple jede 
aboute, and gaderide it, and brak with a queerne stoon. 
14 . . Notn. in Wr.-Wulcker 725/24 Hec mola, a qwernston. 
1581 STANVHURSTyiEj I. (Arb.) 23 Theyre corne in quern- 
Sloans they doe grind. 1610 HOLLAND Camden's Brit. I. 
760 Round stones as much as milstones or quernstones. 
1663 Ireland, Stat. at Large (1765) II. 416 Quern-stones, 
large, the last, 13. IM. 1811 J. SMYTH Pract. of Customs 
(1821) 242 Quern Stones under three feet in diameter, and 
not exceeding six inches in thickness. 1875 W. MC!LWRAITH 
GuideWigtowushire^ Opposite the east gable ofthe Church 
a quern-stone . . has been stuck up. 

Querof, obs. form of WHEREOF. 

t Queror. Obs. rare-", [a, OF. quereor, -cut; 
agent-n. f. querre, querir QUERE v.] An inquirer. 

14.. Voc. in Wr.-Wulcker 610/18 Scitor, a querour. 

Querpo, variant of CUEBPO Obs. 

Querquedule (kwa-jkwWi;;!). Omith. [ad. 
\Jquerquedula a species of duck.] a. ' A genus 
of ducks, one species of which . . is the common 
teal ' (Worcester, i86o\ b. ' The pin-tail duck ' 
(Webster, 1864, citing Eng. Cyc.}. 

Querre, var. QDAB v. ; obs. f. QUARRY rf.i 

Querrell, Querrister, Querrour, Querry, 
obs.ff. QUARREL sb.3 and v., CHORISTER, QUARRIER >, 
EQUERRY. Quert : see QUART a. and sW 

t Querulation. Obs. rare 1 , [n. of action 
f. med.L. juerularilo complain, f. quenil-us: see 
next.] Complaint, complaining. So also (from 
stem /-) Quernle-ntal, -le-ntialn., querulous. 
Qne'rnUng vbl.sb., complaining. Qne'rnlist, one 
who complains. Qnertrlity, Qnerulo-sity (cf. 
next"), habit or spirit of complaining. 



QUERULOUS. 

1614 T. ADAMS Sinners Passing Bell Wks. (1629) 264 Will 
not these mournings, menaces, *querulations, stirre your 
hearts? 1785 R. CUMBERLAND Observer No. 103 P 3 A lady . . 
rather captious and *querulental. 1806 Mem. 17 Wai- 
pole had. .a plea for being captious and *querulential, for 
he was a martyr to the gout. 1838 S. BELLAMY Betrayal 94 
The Devil give thee heed ! Haply he'll better care thy 
*queruling Than He I follow mine. 1788 T. TOUCHSTONE 
Trifler 431, I have carefully examined the various subjects 
of complaint. .If my third fair *querulist would [etc.]. 1866 



. . _ 

Querulous (kwe'mZtos), a. Also 6 -ose, 7 
querr-. [ad. late L. querulos-us^ f. qiterulus, f. 
tjuerito complain : cf. QUERELOUS, QUARBELOUS.] 

1. Of persons : Complaining, given to complain- 
ing, full of complaints, peevish. 

In first quot. possibly for querelous QUARRELOUS ; a certain 
confusion between the words is also suggested by some ipth 
c. quots., which at least do not imply peevish or whining 
complaint. 

? a 1500 Mankind (Brand! 1896) 46/200 My body wyth my 
soull ys euer querulose [rime house]. 1594 HOOKER EccL 
Pol. in. xi. 9 A people, .by nature hard-hearted, querulous, 
wrathfull. 1610 HEALEY Theophrastus (1636) 63 These are 
the maners of a querrulous waiward man. 1651 BAXTER Inf. 
Bapt. 242, I would have no godly man be over querulous, 
when God hath done so much for us. 1750 JOHNSON Ramble'' 
No. 73 F i The querulous are seldom received with great 
ardour of kindness. 1837 WHEWELL Hist. Induct. Sc. (1857) 
II. 149 He was naturally querulous and jaundiced in his 
views. 1879 FROUDE Cxsar xxvi. 445 His sons and nephews 
were equally querulous and dissatisfied. 

b. Of animals or things: Uttering or producing 
sounds expressive or suggestive of complaint. 

1635 SWAN Spec. M. viii. 2 (1643) 409 The Lapwing 



174 Ye purling quer'llous Brooks! o'ercharged with grief. 
1847 DICKENS Haunted M. (C. D. ed.) 205 One querulous 
rook, unable to sleep, protested now and then. 

2. Of the nature of, characterized by, complaining. 

1540 tr. Pol. Verg. Eng. Hist. (Camden) 100 Queru- 
lous repetition, as well of late as of almost forgotten fault es. 
1642 HOWELL For. Trait. (Arb.) 19 French . . hath a whining 
kind of querulous tone. 1714 S6ect. No. 618 r 2 His Versifi- 
cation . . should be soft, ancf all his Numbers flowing 
and querulous. 1783 JOHNSON Let. to Mrs. ThraU 19 June, 
I am almost ashamed of this querulous letter. 1848 DICKENS 
Dombey xxxiv, She uttered a querulous cry of disappoint- 
ment and misery. 1874 L. STEPHEN Hours tn Library (1893) 
II. vii. 225 The querulous comments of old ladies. 

Que'rulously, adv. [f. prec. + -LY2.] In a 
querulous manner. 

165* GAULE Magastrom. 147 Querulously accusing her for 
playing with her own gifts. 17*8 YOUNG Love Fame vi. 138 
His wounded ears complaints eternal fill, As unoil'd hinges, 
querulously shrill. 1812 H. & J. SMITH Rej. Addr. x, Ob- 
jections, .captiously urged and querulously maintained. 1883 
SIR T. MARTIN La. Lyndhurst xiv. 366 [They] complained 
almost querulously of the bitterness of Lord Lynrthurst's 
invectives. 

Que'rulousness. [f. as prec. + -NESS.] The 
state or condition of being querulous. 

x6$a J, AUDLEY Engl. Commonw. Ded., To answer the 
querulousnesse of some persons. 1730 JOHNSON Rambler 
No. 50 P 7 The querulousness ana indignation which is 
observed so often [etc.]. 1828 D ( !SRAELI Cktts. /, I. ii. 23 
That impatient querulousness, which betrays its moments of 
weakness. 1884 Expositor Feb. 87 Querulousness and the 
captiousness of despair took possession of them. 

Query (kwi*ri), j^.l Also 7 queree, queeree, 
7^5 queery. [Anglicizing of quere^ QUAERE.] 

1. Introducing a question: = QILERE i. 

Now rarely written in full, being usually expressed by the 
abbreviation gy. (<?r,, git.) or the sign ?. 

1667 PEPYS Diary 23 Aug., Query, whether a glass-coach 
would have permitted us to have made the escape? 1732 
SWIFT Corr. (1766) II. 690 That .. the subscription be., 
paid into the hands of (query, Mr. Thorn, ,. a very proper 
person?). 1763 HOYLE Back-gammon 200 Query, Whether 
the Probability is for his gammoning me, or not? 1888 
^ % Q- 7th Ser. V. 185/2 It was afterwards repurchased by 
that monarch (but query if purchase money was ever paid). 

2. A question. = QILERE 2. 

a. 164$ R. SYMONDS Diary (Camden) 270 The cowardly 
commissioners, .put queries. Where shall wee have winter 
quarters? 1658 J. DURHAM Exp. Revelation (1680) VH. 342 
This is the scope of the Queree. 1692 BENTLEY Boyle 
Lect. vi. (1735) 203 We are now enabled to give Answers 
to some bold Queries and Objections of Atheists. 1767 
A. YOUNG Farmer's Lett, to People 270 It may.. admit of 
a query, Whether the above expences are not too great for 
the crops to repay? 1813 SCOTT Rokeby i. x, [He] forced 
the embarrass'd host to buy, By query close, direct reply. 
1866 GEO. ELIOT F. Holt (1868) 22 She had prepared herself 
.. to suppress all . . queries which her son might resent. 

P. a 1635 CORBET Poems (1807) 63 He that is guilty of no 
quaery here, Out-lasts his epitaph. 1648 JENKYN Blind 
Guide iv.gfi My first quaeree, is whether grace DC an adjutory. 
1684 T. BURNET Th. Earth n. 218 A great many queries 
and difficulties might be proposed relating to the millennium. 
1719 D'URFEY Pills (1872) II. 99 What News, is the Quary. 

3. A mark of interrogation (?), used to indicate 
a doubt as to the correctness of the statement, 
phrase, letter, etc. to which it is appended or 
refers ; the abbreviation qy* etc. used for the same 
purpose. 1836 in SMART. 1882- in OGILVIE, etc. 

t Query, sb? Obs. rare" 1 . [App. f. L. querl 
to complain,] ? Complaint. 

13 . . E. E. A Hit. P. A. 802 As a schep to be sla^t her lad 
was he, & as lombe. .So closed he hys mouth fro vch query. 



46 

Query (kwi^'ri), v. Also 7 qusery. [f. QUEBY 
so\ Ct. QU^KE v.1 

1. trans. To put as a question. ? Obs. 

1657 Narr. late Par It. in Select.fr. Harl. Misc. (1793) 409 
The like may be queried concerning the swordsmen's capacity 
to sit. 1661 GLANVILL Van. Dogtn. 188 It's queried whether 
there be any Science in the sense of the Dogmatists. 17*6 
BERKELEY Let. 1 2 Oct., in Fraser Ltfe'vf. (1871) 136, I do .. 
entreat you to answer all that I have queried on that head. 
1755 B. MARTIN Mag. Arts $ Sc. 130, I .. shall suspend 
what I have further to query 'till To-morrow. 

b. With interrogative clause as obj. : To ask, 
inquire, put a question (whether, if, what, etc.). 

1657 S. PURCHAS Tkeat. Pot. Flying-Ins. 15 Some query 
whether a living creature can subsist without the head. 
1658 SIR T. BROWNE Pseud. Ep.\. xxii. (ed. 3) 328 We shall 
not proceed to querie, What truth there is in Palmistrie. 
1681 E. MURPHY State Ireland 40 The Deponent, .queried 
if Captain Butler was come thither. 1756 H. WALPOLE Lett, 
to Mann 17 Oct. (1846) III. 245 Should not one query 
whether he had not those proofs in his hands antecedent to 
the cabinet ? 1818 SCOTT Hrt. Midi, xiii, ' Shall we remove 
Mr. Butler ? ', queried the assistant. 1866 WHITTIER Marg . 
Smith's Jrxl* Pr. Wks. 1889 I. 64 On my querying whether 
any did find treasures hereabout, my aunt laughed. 
C. absol. To ask a question or questions. 

1681 T. FLATMAN Heraclitns Ridens No. 4 (1713) I. 23 
Nay, if you be for that Sport, e'en Query by your self. 17x0 
S. PARKER Bibliotheca Biblica I. 394 He queried, and 
reason'd thus with himself. 17x8 POPE Dune. n. 349 Each 
prompt to query, answer, and debate. 1814 BYRON Lara 
i. i note t A passenger queried as to the author. 

2. To question, interrogate (a person), rare, 
1654 GAYTON Pleas. Notes 97 The Don . . assaults the first 

pittifull Scout . . whom he should have quxried in this 
manner. 1690 CHILD Disc. Trade (1608) 47 So I have been 
assured by many antient men whom I have queried parti- 
cularly as to this matter, t 1890 A. MURDOCH Yoskiwara 
Episode in Fr. Anstr. to Japan (1892) 49 He . . began to 
query her about the financial part of the business. 

3. To call (a thing) in question ; to mark as 
doubtful. 

1771 Ann. Reg. 54/2 The returning officer . . had queried 
76 [votes]. 1839 DISRAELI Curios. Lit. (1849) H* 32 4 $' r 
John., afterwards came to doubt it with a 'i^zVr hoc quaere* 
query this ! 

b. To question, doubt, */] etc. 

18x5 W. H. IRELAND Scribbleomania 140, I very much 
query if two, and sometimes three of Sonim's Alpine pictures 
were not condensed into one by the author. 

Hence Que'rying 1 vbl. sb. and ppl. a. ; Que'ry- 
ingly adv. ; Qne'ryist = QUERIST. 

1669 W. SIMPSON Hydrol. Chym. 107 One able physitian 
being asked... The querying person returned, that [etc.]. 
1706 W. JONES Synop. Palmar. Matkeseos 140 The Query- 
ing Term in the 3i. Place. 1863 Reader 19 Dec. 720 A queryist 
in the American Publishers Circular. 1865 E. BURRITT 
Walk to Land's End 286 A pair of baby eyes, peering up- 
ward with querying wonder. 1890 Harper's Mag* July 
272/1 The query jngs of philosophy. 1890 JEAN MIDDLEMASS 
Two False Moves I. xv. 226 He looked at her querymgly. 

Queryster, obs. form of CHOBISTEB. 

Quesal, variant of QUETZAL. 

Quesing, Quesion, obs. ff. COUSIN, CUSHION. 

Quesited (kw/sai'ted), a. and sb. [f. med.L. 
guestt-, L. qusesft-, ppl. stem of qugerfre to seek + 
-ED*. Cf. QU^SITUM.] 

t 1. adj. Sought for, asked about, etc. Obs. rare. 

1647 LILLY Ckr. Astro/, vi. 49 Significator of the Querent or 
thing quesited. 1674 JEAKE Arith. (1696) 20 The remains 
are the Numbers quesited. 

2. sb. Astrol. The thing or person inquired about. 

1647 LILLY Chr. Astrol. xx. 123 The Quesited is he or 
she, or the thing sought and enquired after. 1881 SHORT- 
HOUSE J. Inelesant I. xv. 282 A very good argument that 
the querent should see the quesited speedily. 

So f Qnesiti'tions a. = QUESITED a. Obs. rare. 
Qne-sitive a., interrogative. ' Quesitive quantity ', 
quantity expressed by an interrogative numeral * 
(Cent. Diet. 1891). 

1674 JEAKE Aritk. (1606) 334 As in Extraction of Roots and 
Equations, A. .is called the Supposititious or Quesit[it]ious 
Root, 1690 LEYBOURN Cnrs. Math. 341 Multiplying the 
assumed Root l> + c in the place of the Quesititious Root a. 

Quesomen : see QUEASOM. 

Quest (kwest), sb.l Also 4 quiste, 4-6 queste, 
5-6 wheat, (qw-), 6 queaat. [a. OF. qtieste (F. 
qu$te] = Prov. questa, qitista, Sp. cuesta, It. chiesta 
: pop. L. ^ quest a ^ pa. pple. of quer^re^ L. quxrere 
to seek, inquire : cf. INQUEST sb.~\ 

I. 1. An official or judicial inquiry. ~ INQUEST 
sb. i. Obs. exc. dial. (cf. CROWNER 2 ). 

1303 R. BRUNNE Handl. Synne 5508 Perof shal Code take 
a quest. 1330 Chron. (1810)238 Of clippers, ofroungers, 
of suilk takes he questis. 1377 LANGL. P. PL B. xx. i6r 
Her syre was a sysour . . ateynte at vch a queste. c 1440 
Gesta Rom. i. Ixx. 387 (Addit. MS.) When the lustice was 
comyn, he ordeyned a false queste. 1545 BRINKLOW Lament. 
(1874) 91 There is a custome in the Cytie, ones a yeare to 
haue a quest called the warnmall queste, to redresse vices. 
a 1577 SIR T. SMITH Comtn-w. Eng. (1609) 73 Enquest or 
quest is called this lawful! kinde of trial! by twelue men. 
1694 LUTTRELL Brief Rel. (1857) III. 417 The lord mayor 
and aldermen of London have forbid feasting at the quests. 
1876- In dial, glossaries (Yks., Chesh., Som., etc.). 

2. The body of persons appointed to hold an 
inquiry. = INQUEST sb. 2. Now rare. 

13 . . Evang. Nicod. 243 in Archiv neu. Sfir. LIII. 396 He 
chesed a quest, on him to pas. c 1440 Jacob* $ Well 257 J>ou 
schalt . . aftyrward be pourgyd out wyth a quest of clerkys. 
1470-83 MAUORY^r/Awrin. viii, Byordenaunceof thequene 



QUEST. 

ther was set a quest of ladyes on syr gauayn. 1549 LATIHER 
5/A Senn. bef. Ediv. VI (Arb.) 153 The quest commes in and 
sayes not guilty. 1579 FULKE Heskins' Parl. 499 He bhoulde 
haue twelue which make a quest, to giue verdict in this 
matter. 1612 T. TAYLOR Comm. Titus lii. i Which is as if 
a theife should be tried by a quest of cut-purses, a 1661 
FULLER Worthies (1840) II. 483 One quest of gentlemen, 
another of yeomen passed upon him. 1706 [see QUEST- 
WAN i]. 11845 HOOD To Tom Woodgate vi, Twelve brave 
mermen for a 'quest. 1884 St. Jameses Gaz. 4 Tan. 3/2 The 
coroner's quest pronounces * in accordance with the evidence '. 
fig. c 1600 SHAKS. Sonn. xlvi. To side this title is im- 
pannelled A quest of thoughts, all tennant to the heart. 
fb. transf. A dozen (cf. quot. 1579 above). Obs. 

1589 Almond for Parrat 14 lie haue a spare fellowe shall 
make mee a whole quest effaces for three farthinges. 

3. Any inquiry or investigation made in order to 
discover some fact ; also, the object of such inquiry. 

1598 FLO RIO Diet. Ep. Ded. 3, 1 in this search or quest of 
inquirie haue spent most of my studies. 1627 Lisander 
fyCal. in. 39 The quest ended with no more knowledge than 
it began. 1717 SWIFT To Earl of Oxford, In quest, who 
might this parson be. 1831 CARLYLE Sari. Res. ii. viii, Let 
us not forget the great generality, which is our chief quest 
here. 1878 Masque Poets 101 The guest Half paused to ask 
in idle quest. 

H. 4. Search or pursuit, made in order to find 
or obtain something. Const, of ^ for. 

13. . E. E. Allit. P. B. 39 Hit arn fettled in on forme . . 
& by quest of her quoyntyse enquylen on mede. 1526 Pilgr. 
Perf. (W. de W. 1531) 96 b, Peace & brotherly Concorde 
dissolueth this quest & assaute of enuy. 1605 SHAKS. Lear 
i. i. 196 What. .Will you require in present Dower with her, 
Or cease your quest of Loue ? 1655 H. VAURHAN Silex Scint. 
i. Search (1858) 34 My Quest is vaine, Hee'll not be found 
where he was slaine. 1704 F. FULLER Med. Gymn. (1711) 138 
To rouse People into a Quest of Health. 1816 BYRON Ch. 
Har. in. Ixxvi, Whose desire Was to be glorious; 'twas 
a foolish quest. 1874 GREEN Short Hist. viii. 5 4. 491 
Luckily the quest of gold proved a vain one. 

b. Freq. in phr. in quest of (f after, or inf.). 

1575 CHURCHYARD Chippes (1817) 24 In quest of solace, he 
retired to Bath, c 1600 SHAKS. Sonn. cxxix, Had, haumg, 
and in quest to haue. 1663 BUTLER Hud. i. iii. 233 He went 
in quest of Hudibras. 1705 HEARNE Collect, 6 Oct. (O. H. S.) 
I. 52 He is in quest after other Pieces. iSao W. IRVING 
Sketch Bk. II. 349 The ghost rides forth to the scene of 
battle in nightly quest of his head. i86a GOULBURN Pers. 
Relig. iv. i. (1873) 256 Eager running to and fro in quest of 
worldly wealth. 

f c. A person (or set of persons) employed in 
searching. Obs. rare"~ l . 

1604 SHAKS. Oth. i. ii. 46 The Senate hath sent about three 
seuerall Quests, To search you out. 

5. In mediaeval romance : An expedition or ad- 
venture undertaken by a knight to procure some 
thing or achieve some exploit ; the knights engaged 
in such an enterprise. Also transf. 

(1384 CHAUCER H. Fame in. 648 They that have do 
noble jestes And acheved all hir questes. ^1450 Merlin 
503 Thei entered m to many questes forto knowe which 
was the beste knyght. 1470-85 MALORY Arthur xvi. xii, 
They supposed he was one of the quest of the Sancgreal. 
1590 SPENSER F. Q. in. viii. 53 Her well beseemes that 
Quest. 1813 SCOTT Triermain i. xi, Rather he chose, that 
Monarch bold, On vent'rous quest to ride, 1850 KINGSLEY 
Alt. Locke xl, You are my servant now, by the laws of 
chivalry, and you must fulfil my quest. 1876 GREEN Stray 
Stud. 262 The Quest of >neas is no self-sought quest. 

6. a. The search for game made by hounds, b. 
The baying of hounds in pursuit of game; a 
peculiar barking uttered by dogs when in sight of 
game, Obs. exc. dial* 

13 .. Gaw. * Gr. Knt. 1150 At Je fyrst quethe of be 
quest quaked pe wylde. c 14*0 Anturs of Art h. 49 Withe 

Bet questes and quelles Bothe in frethes and felles. 1513 
OUGLAS sEneis v. v. 26 For hundis quest it semyt the lift 
rife wald. 1589 R. ROBINSON Gold. Mirr. (Chetham Soc.) 
12 Thus as I stood to heare this merry quest I heard the 
names of houndes that hunted best. 1649 G. DANIEL 
Trinarch.j Hen. 7F, Ixxiv, 'Twas soe resolu d ; vpon the 
doubtfull Quest The Game gets to safe Covert. 1688 
HOLME A rmoury ui. 188/2 Quest,. .the first opening, or cry, 
of the Dogs when they have found the scent. 1876 SWIN- 
BURNE Erechtheus 1306 Lo, night is arisen on the noon, and 
her hounds are in quest by day. 1878 Cumbld. Gloss.) 
Quest, the early morning search for a hare by the scent of 
the hounds. x886 ELWORTHY W. Somerset Word-bk. s.v. t 
He don't never give no quest 'thout he's right 'pon it. 

transf. 13.. S. Erken-wolde 133 in Horstmann Altengl. 
Leg. (1881) 269 pe masse he begynnes..With queme questis 
of pe quere with ful quaynt notes. (11633 G. HERBERT 
Temple, Content ii, Gad not abroad at ev 'ry quest and call 
Of an untrained hope or passion. 

7. R. C. Ch. The collection of alms or donations 
for religious purposes. 

1528 ROY Rede me (Arb.) 76 The observauntis no people 
do spare, Makynge their quest every wheare With most 
importunate cravynge. 1691 tr. D Etnilliane's Frauds 
Romish Monks 262 The Farmer [of Purgatory money] sends 
some of his Emissaries into the Fields, to carry on the 
Quest there for the said Souls. 1748 Earthquake Peru i. 
85 If we consider the extraordinary Product of the Quest 
[of the Franciscans]. 1873 BROWNING RedCoit. Nt.-capgji 
When Marquise jokes 'My quest, forsooth? Each doit I 
scrape together goes for Peter-pence.' 

8. Comb., as f quest -ale, prob. ale of special 
quality (cf. audit-ale} ; f quest - diter, -ganger, 
= QUEST-MONGER. Also QUEST-HOUSE, -MAN. 

c 1460 Tffwneley Myst. xxii. 24 All fals endytars, Quest- 
gangars, and lurars, .. Ar welcome to me. Ibid. xxx. 185 
Thise rolles Ar of bakbytars And fals quest-dytars. a 1704 
T. BROWN Pleas. EpistleWVs. 1730 I. no Private delibera- 
tions over brawn and quest-ale. 



QUEST. 

t Quest, sb?- Olis. [Related to QDETHF. v., as 
bequest (q.v.) to oeqiHOtA.] A bequest. 

c IMO llarclok 219 He made his quisle swithe wel. c 1400 
Gamelyn 64, I byseke yow . . For Gamelynes love, that my 
queste stonde. 1418 E. F.. ll'ills (1882) 35 After my detlis 
payde and my questes fulfilled. 1478 Croscombt Cniirch-vi. 
Ace. (Som. Kec. Soc.) 8 And bryngs in of the quest of 
Water Bigge xij </. 

So t Questword. Obs. rare-'. 

1792 Archaeologia X. 197 The legacies or questword of 
the deceased supplied the rest. 

Quest ',kwest), v.l [a. OF. quester (t . qneter), 
f. quisle QUEST rf.i] 

1. intr. Of hunting dogs, etc. : To search for 
game. Also with about. 

c 1350 Ipmmdon (Kiilbing) 619 A brachet of thee beste, 
That euer wold trewly queste And securly pursewe. c 1420 
Anturs of Artli. 49 pay questede and quellys By frythis 
and fellis. 1323 SKELTON Carl. Laurellnag The howndes 
began to yerne and to quest. 1607 TOPSELL Four-f. Beasts 
(1658) 133 Such [Dogs] as delight on the land, play their 
parts, either by swiftness of foot, or by often questing, to 
search out and to spring the bird, a 1680 BUTLER Rem. 
(1759) II. 88 If they prosper they .. give the Jackal some 
small Snip for his Pains in questing. 1826 SCOTT Woodst. 
xxxi, Bevis, questing about, found the body. 

fie- I 59 SOUTHWELL M. Magd. Funerall Teares 113 Why 
doth thy sorrow quest so much upon the place where he is ? 
1668 DRYDEN Even.'s Love_ 11. i, Cast about quickly, . . 
Range, quest, and spring a lie immediately. 
b. Of animals : To search about for food. 

1796 PEGCE Anonym. (1809) 137 It would be natural for 
them [the whales] to quest about for that jelly they live 
upon. 1879 JsrtEtiiES Amateur Poacfor xii. 236 There was 
the pheasant not fifteen yards away, quietly questing about. 

2. Of hunting dogs : To break out into a peculiar 
bark at the sight of game ; to give tongue ; to bark 
or yelp. Obs. exc. dial. 

^1420 in Rel. Ant. II. 7 Kenettes questede to quelle, Al 



ay perceive the beast resting 

banke, the dogs questing on the other brim. 1616 SURFL. & 
MARKH. Country Farme 681 You shall then take care, that 
not at any time, . . he dare to quest or ooen his mouth, but 
that he hunt so silent and mute as is possible. 1681 OTWAY 
Soldier's Fort. iv. (1735) 84 Lie still, you knave, close, close, 
. . you had best quest, and spoil the Sport, you had. 1831 
Miss MITFORD in L'Estrange Life (1870) II. xiv. 328 Just 
before the coursing season began, he [a dog] began lo 
dream of going out and 'quested' in his sleep. 1886 in 
ELWORTHY W. Somerset Word-bk. 

f b. transf. Of frogs : To croak. Obs. rare- 1 . 
1607 TOPSELL Serpents (1658) 725, I mean the little Frog 
questing hoarse voyce amain. 

3. Of persons : To go about in search of some- 
thing; to search or seek. Also with about, and 
constr. after, for. (Chiefly transf. from sense I.)' 

1624 HF.YWOOD Captives i. i. in Bullen O. PI. IV, This too 
yeares I have quested to his howse. 1686 F. SPENCE tr. 
Varilla's Ho. Medicis 281 This young Lord had won the 
prize of a Turnament, and lay questing after a panegyrick. 
1701 COLLIER M. Aurel. (1726) 89 They went questing with 
flambeaux. 1864 Miss YONGE Trial I. v. ot One of the 
bridal pairs . . was seen questing about as if disposed to 
invade our premises. 1882 STEVENSON Mem. ff Portraits 
xvi. (1887) 288 Neither Mr. James nor the author . . has ever 
gone questing after gold. 
b. A'. C. Ch. To ask for alms or donations. 

1748 Earthquake Peru iii. 303 If the Friars go into the 
Country, a questing for their Monastery. 1867 R. PALMKR 
Life Philip Howard 104 There were not to be more than 
thirteen religious, who were never to quest or beg alms. 

4. trans, a. To search for, pursue, seek out. 
1751 BYROM Enthusiasm in Poems 1773 II. 34 Averse to 

Heav'n, .. They quest Annihilation's monst'rous Theme. 
1842 Miss MITFORD in Friendsh. Miss Mitford (1882) II. 
v. 77 Flush found a hare, and quested it for two miles. 
1855 SINGLETON Virgil I. 164 In noontide heats Quest out 
a shady dell. 1882 SIR E. ARNOLD Pearls of Faith xxviii. 
(1883) 99 A wild bee questing honey-buds. 
b. To question, request, demand, rare. 

1897 F. THOMPSON New Poems 35, [I] quested its secret of 
the sun. 

t Quest, v.'t Obs. rare. [? cf. LG. questen, var. 
quessen, quetsen (G. quctscken, Du. kwetsen") to 
press, squeeze.] trans. To crush. 

1647 HARVEY Schola Cordis xv. 8 If Thy presse stand, 
Mine heart may chance slip out. O quest it into nothing. 
1674-91 RAY N. C. Words s. v., Pies are said to be quested, 
whose sides have been crushed by each other. 

Quest, variant of QUEEST, ring-dove. 

Questane, obs. form of WHETSTONE. 

t Que-stant. Obs. rare 1 . = QUESTEB. 

1601 SHAKS. Alts IVell n. i. 16 You come Not to wooe 
honour, but to wed it, when The bravest questant shrinkes. 

Quest-dove ; see QUEEST. 

Quester (kwe-stai). [f. QUEST v.i + -ER!.] 
One who quests, in senses of the vb. 

a 1550 Image Hypocr. iv. in Skelton's Wks. (1843) II. 440 
Redy regesters, Pardoners and questers. 1707 J. STEVENS 
tr. Qitevedo's Com. Wks. (1709) 208 The wicked Quester 
tuck'd up his.. Robe. 1718 ROWE tr. Lucan- IV. (R.), The 
quester..to the wood they loose, Who silently the tainted 
track pursues. 1875 DctwDKNSha&sperf 10 It is the ascetic 
quester, Galahad . . who beholds the mystical Grail. 

Questeroun, variant of CUSTRON. Obs. 

Que-stful, a. rare 1 , [f. QDEST s6* + -FUL.] 
Full of questing or searching. 

1869 I.OWF.LL Invita Mineri-a 246 The summer day he 
spent in quMtful round. 



47 

t Quest-house. 06s. The house at which the 
inquests in a ward or parish were commonly held. 

1571 Ace. St. Cihs, Cripplegate in MS. Addit. 12222 
[cited by Halliwell.s.v.]. 1607 DEKKER& WEBSTER Northw. 
Hoe i. D.'s Wks. 1873 III. 12 Are all the Quest-houses 
broken vp? 1668 PEPYS Diary 24 Jan., At the Quest 
House, where the company meets to the burial of my cozen 
Joyce. 1696 Loud. Gaz. No. 3239/4 At the Quest-house on 
Little-Tower-Hill is a Grammar-School. 1828 NARKS Let. 
to A. Dyce, A Quest-house was the chief Watch-house in a 
parish. . . Some parishes in London still have them, e. g. St. 
Giles's Cripplegate. 

fig. 1635 QUARLF.S Embl. 102 It is a world, whose Work.. 
Is vanity, and vexation ; . . A Quest-house of complaint. 

attrit. 1628 SPELMAN De Sepult. (1641) 22 A Parish Audit, 
or a Quest-House dinner. 

Questing (kwe-stin), vbl. s6. [(. QUEST v.i + 
-ING 1 .] The action of the vb. in various senses. 

1470-85 MALORY Arthur \. xix, The noyse was . . lyke 
vnto the questyng of xxx coupyl houndes. 1540-1 ELYOT 
Image Gov. Pref. (1556) 10 After two or three questynges, 
he lept to the great Olyphante. 1603 FLORIO Montaigne n. 
xi. (1632) 238 A long questing and beating for some game. 
1700 JER. COLLIER vnd Def. Short View 118 All this 
Questing has sprung but very little Game. 1814 Miss MIT- 
FORD Village Ser. i. (1863) 109 Nothing is more certain than 
Dash's questing, . . for a better spaniel never went into the 
field. 1839 BAILEY Festns vi. (1848) 63 Must thou still Revel 
in bootless questings ? 

Questing (kwe'stirj), ///. a. [f. as prec. + 
-ING 2 .] That quests, in senses of the vb. 

1513 DOUGLAS sEneis xin. iii. 25 Than the remanent of 
that questing sort, . . Wythdrawis. c 1600 DRAYTON Miseries 
Q. Margaret cxlvi, When they heare the questing Spaniels 

fone. 1714 Earthquake Peru \. 80 Even the Questing- 
rothers presume to interrupt People at their Prayers. 1810 
SCOTT Lady of L. HI. xiii, Thread the brake like questing 
hound. 1888 P. FITZGERALD Fatal Zero xxvii. 168 That 
questing, roving eye . . that looks out of the corners sharply. 

Question (kwe'styan), sb. Also 4 questiun, 
4-^ -oun, questyon, (4 qw-, 5 -one, -oun), 5 
whestion. [a. AK. questiun, OF. question 
(Godef.), ad. L. qusestion-em, n. of action from 
quxrere to ask, inquire : cf. QUJERE, QUEKY.] 
I. The action of inquiring or asking. 

1. The stating or investigation of a problem; 
inquiry into a matter ; discussion of some doubtful 
point, f To make question, to raise discussion or 
talk, to express or entertain doubt (whether, of, 
abouf). Obs. 

1375 BARBOUR Bruce I. 249 Than mayss clerkis questioun 
.. Quhethir he his lordis neid suld let. (1386 CHAUCER 
Knt.'s T. 1656 Peples . . holdynge hir question Dyuynynge 
of thise Thebane knyghtes two. 1447 BOKENHAM Seyntys 
(Roxb.) 2 If be what or why Be questyoun maad of thys 
tretyhs [etc.J. 1523 LD. BERNERS Froiss. I. 592 Qvestyon 
was made therof before the marshalles. 1599 SHAKS. Hen. V, 
i. i. 5 The..vnquiet time Did push it out of farther ques- 
tion. 1638 R. BAKER tr. Balzac's Lett. II. 102 Let us .. 
never make question whether we ought to call them in- 
firmitiesof age, orfruits of reason. 1778 F. BURNEY .Eztf//<z 
xxxiv. As to consulting you . . it was out of all question. 1824 
I. MARSHALL Const. Of in. (1839) 3" We cannot perceive 
now the occupation of these vessels can be drawn into 
question. 1886 RUSKIN Prxterita I. vi. 185 [My father] 
allowed it without question. 

b. In adverbial phrases, as Beyond (all) question, 
oaf of, past, without question : Unquestionably. 

1586 T. B. La Primaud. Fr. Acad. 189 Out of question 
we will judge those men verie blinde. 1601 SHAKS. Twel. N. 
i. iii. 104 And. Why, would that haue mended my haire? To. 
Past question. 1680-90 TEMPLE Ess., Heroic Virtue Wks. 
1731 I. 212 He was without Question, a Great and Heroick 
Genius. 1756 BURKE Vind. Nat. Soc. Wks. 1842 I. 5 In 
the state of nature, without question, mankind was sub- 
jected to many and great inconveniences. z8i8 JAS. MILL 
Brit. India If. v. viii. 684 He is beyond all question the 
most eminent of the chief rulers. 1880 L. STEPHEN Pope 
v. 118 The Dunciad. .is beyond all question full of coarse 
abuse. 

c. f/ question, in dispute, in controversy; in 
a doubtful or undecided state. Obs. So also with 
into and in = into ; chiefly, and now only, in phr. 
to call in question : see CALL v. 18. 

1390 in Rec. Coldingham Priory (Surtees) 65 That yhour 
ricnte be na mare putt in questioun. 1494 FABYAN Chron. 
(1533) vil. ccxxxii. 158 b, A longe whyle thys fyghte stode 
in questyon, why ther partye shulde obteyne vyctorye. 1513 
MORE in GraftonC^n>.( 1568) 1 1. 769 If it fortune the Crowne 
to come in question. 1529 Dyaloge I. Wks. 123/2 The 
thynge standinge in debate and question. 1565 JEWEL Def. 
Apol. (1611) 324 How could these so doubtfull matters euer 
,haue fallen in question amongst your fellowes. 1620 J. 
WILKINSON Coroners ff Sherifes 13 It hath beene in ques- 
tion and ambiguity. 1683 DRYDEN Life Plutarch in P.'t 
Lives (i^oo) 1. 18 The Pyrrhonians. . who bring all certainty 
in Question. 1720 WATERLAND Eight Serm. 138 Which is 
supposing the Thing in Question. 1768 T. PowNALL-4rfw/. 
Brit. Col. (1774) I. 5 A right to call into question some., 
exertions of power. 

d. In question, under consideration, forming the 
subject of discourse. To come into question, to 
be thought of as possible. 

1611 SHAKS. Cymb. i. i. 34 His Father.. had (besides this 
Gentleman in question) Two other Sonnes. 1653 DOROTHY 
OSBORNE Lett, to Sir IV. Temple (1888) 100 After dinner we 
sit and talk till Mr. B. comes in question, and then I am gone. 
1775 SHERIDAN Rivals n. i, He does not think his friend . . 
ever saw the lady in question. 1831 MACKINTOSH Hist. Eng. 
1 1. 96 The very ill-fated man in question was John de la Pole, 
1874 STUBBS Const. Hist. I. i. 7 'I Tie succession of masters wns 
too rapid to allow a change of language to come into question 
among the greater, .part of the people. 1893 TRAILI. Soc. 



QUESTION. 

Eng. Introd. p. xxxvi, Discoveries of a far-reaching . . 
character, have during the period in question been made. 

2. The action of questioning, interrogating, or 
examining a person, or the fact of being 'ques- 
tioned, etc.; t hence, talk, discourse. 

1390 GOWER Conf. i. 1013 Ferst he let the Prestes take, .. 
He put hem into questioun. 1456 SIR G. HAVE Law Arms 
(S. T. S.) 185 He aw nocht to be stoppit, hot frely to have 
passage throu all realmes but questioun. 1596 SHAKS. 
Merch. V. IV. i. 346 lie stay no longer question. 1605 -- 
Mace. in. iv. 118 Ross. What sights, my Lord? La. I pray 
you speake not . . Question enrages him. 1690 LOCKE Govt. 
n. ii. 13 One Man. .may do. .whatever he pleases, without 
the least question or control!. 1849 M. ARNOLD Sonnets, 
Shaksp., Others abide our question. Thou art free. 1869 
TENNYSON Coming A rthur 311 Fixing full eyes of question 
on her face. 

b. spec. The application of torture as part of 
a judicial examination. 

1583 Exec, for Treason (1675) ifl No one was called to 
any capital or bloody question upon matters of Religion. 
1651 EVELYN Mem. (1857) I. 275 A malefactor was to have 
the question, or torture, given to him. 1689 BURNET Tracts 
\. 80 The common Question that they give.. is, that they 
tye the Hands of the suspected P_erson behind his back [etc.]. 
1761 HUME Hist. Eng. III. li. no He urged too, that 
F elton should be put to the question in order to extort from 
him a discovery of his accomplices. 1871 H. AINSWORTH 
Tower Hill in. xix, Let him be submitted to the question, 
ordinary and extraordinary. 

\ C. In question : Under judicial examination ; 
on trial. Obs. r'are. 

1589 HORSEY Trav. (Hakluyt Soc.) App. 330 John Chapele 
..was. .ymprisoned almost a yeare, in question to have 
bene executed. 1597 SHAKS. 2 Hen. IV, \. ii. 68 He that 
was in question for the robbery. 

d. To call in () or into*) question : To examine 
judicially, bring to trial ; to take to task, call to 
account. 

1611 BIBLE Acts xix. 40 We are in danger to be called in 
question for this dayes vprore. a 1641 Bp. MOUNTAGU Acts Sf 
Mon. (1642) 59 Socrates, .was called into question, and had 
sentence of death pronounced against him. 1647 J. CARTER 
Nail $ Wheel 78 Presently he was.. called in question as 
a delinquent. 

II. What is asked or inquired (about). 

3. The interrogative statement of some point to 
be investigated or discussed ; a problem ; hence, 
a matter forming, or capable of forming, the basis 
of a problem ; a subject involving more or less 
difficulty or uncertainty. The question : the precise 
matter receiving or requiring deliberation or dis- 
cussion. To beg the question : see BEG v. 6. 

a 1300 Cursor M. 26104 par-wit-al sum questiones we sal 
vndo (>e merk resons. 1387 TREVISA Higden (Rolls) I. 15 
Wei nyh al problemj's and questiouns of the wiseste men. 
1467 in Rymer Foedera (1710) XI. 579 If.. any Difficultie 
or Question in trie Lawe happen to ryse. c 1510 MORE 
Picus Wks. 3/2 Some good simple folk, that should of zele 
to the faith . . impugne those questions, as new thinges. 1598 
SHAKS. Merry IV. i. i. 227 But that is not the question : the 
question is concerning your marriage. 1663 BUTLER Hud. 
i. ii. 465 It was a Question, whether he Or 's Horse were of 
a Family More worshipful. 1768 T. POWNALL Admin. 
Brit. Col. (1774) I. 7 This American question.. must now 
come for\yard. 1854 KINGSLEY Lett. (1878) I. 416 This is a 
question involving the lives of thousands and tens of thou- 
sands of human beings. 1879 MCCARTHY Own Time II. 
xxv. 219 The Eastern Question it was that disturbed the 
dream of peace. 

b. spec. A subject for discussion, a proposal to 
be debated or voted on, in a meeting or delibera- 
tive assembly, esp. in Parliament ; t the putting of 
this proposal to the vote. Question !, used (a) to 
recall a speaker to the subject under discussion, 
f(i) to demand that the vote be taken (quot. 
1817). Previous question: see PREVIOUS. 

1658-9 Burton's Diary ( t 8z8) IV. 37 The persons con- 
cerned must withdraw when any question is. 1678 MARVELL 
Grmvth Popery 24 Whereupon the greater number called 
for the Question, and had it in the Affirmative, that the 
Debate should be laid aside. 1791 Debate Abolit. Slave- 
Trade 119 A loud cry [being] kept up a considerable time 
for the question. 1817 Hansarifs Part. Debates XXXV. 
758/2 Lord Cochrane rose, amidst reiterated cries of 



the question. Ibid. 140 If it be wished to avoid a question, 
it is usual to move that the chairman do leave the chair. 

C. Const. <:/" (the subject-matter or sphere). Now 
freq. in phr. it is a question of = what is required 
or involved is, etc. 

1382 WYCLIF Acts xviii. 15 If questiouns ben of the word, 
and names of the lawe. 1526 TINDALE Acts xviii. 15 Yf it 
be a question off wordes or off names or of youre lawe. 1812 
H. & J. SMITH Rtj. Addr., Living Lustres ii, The question 
of Houses I leave to the jury. 1836 J. GILBERT Chr. 
Atonem. ix. (1852) 275 The recovery of transgressors is not 
a question of mere power. 1867 FREEMAN Norm. Conq. 
(1876) I. iv. 223 It was a question of time. 

d. Phr. Out of the question, foreign to the subject; 
hence, not to be considered or thought of. 

1700 COLLIER vnd Def. Short View 122 His Objection. .is 
out of the Question. 1815 B'NESS BUNSEN in Hare Life 
(1879) I. iii. 88 To go on describing the different effects, .is 
out of the question. 1878 Bosw. SMITH Carthage 210 The 
third alternative was no longer open, .for retreat was out of 
the question. 

4. A subject of discussion, debate, or strife between 
parties, or of one party with another. 



QUESTION. 

OF. question occurs freq. in the sense of 'difference', 
' dispute ', ' quarrel '. 

1382 WYCLIF John iii. 25 A questioun is maad of Johms 
disciplis with the Jewis, of the purificacioun. 1390 GOWER 
Conf. vii. 4148 A question betwen the tuo Thus writen In 
abok I fond. 1456 SIR G. HAY Law Arms (S. T. S.) 115 It 
efferis to the constable to here all questiounis, querelis and 
complayntis of his menje. 1484 CAXTON Fables of&sop v. 
x, Telle me your resons and cans.. that the better I may 
gyue the sentence of your dyferent and question. 1533 
BELLENDEN Livy HI. xxv, J?e samyn place & land, of quhuk 
now J>e questioun occurris [cf. infra for quhilk be debate 
occurris]. 1606 SHAKS. Tr. fy Cr. ii. u. 18 Since the first 
sword was drawne about this question. 1818 CRUISE Digest 
(ed. a) VI. 249 A question arose between the heir at law 
and the younger children, whether it passed by the will. 

5. In negative expressions. It is no (or not a) 
question, there is no question, f or simply no ques- 
tion : There is no room for dispute or doubt (but, 
that\ To make no question : To raise or entertain 
no doubt (of or about a thing, but or inf.). 

1585 W. FULKE Def. Tr. Script. Pref. 5 We make no 
question but that it is Apostolical. 1593 SHAKS. 2 Hen. K/, 
iv. ii. 61, I am able to endure much. No question of that. 
1596 Merck. V. i. i. 184, I no question make To haue it. 
1605 VERSTEGAN Dec. fntell. ii. (1628) 25 That pur Saxon 
ancestors came out of Germanic . . is no question. 1615 
BURGES Pers. Tithes 2 My Purpose is not here to fall vpon 
that Question, (for I make no Question of it) Whether [etc.]. 
1711 ADDISON Spect. No. 59 P 3, I make no Question but it 
would have been looked upon as one of the most valuable 
Treasuries of the Greek Tongue. 1815 JANE AUSTEN Emma 
i. ix, I cannot make a question., about that; it is a certainty. 
1845 M c CuLLOCH Taxation Introd. (1852) 21/2 It is no 
longer a question that the disgust occasioned by this in- 
equality, .mainly contributed to throw France into a tlame. 
t b. No question loused parenthetically) : No 
doubt, without question. Obs. 

1 594 O. B. Quest. Profit. Concern. 27 We haue set at 
naught.. the poor e.. whose accusations, no question, are 
gone vp into neauen. 1621 BP. MOUNTAGU Diatribx 273 
Alluding, no question, vnto that of the Psalme. a 1674 
CLARENDON Surv. Leviatk. (1676) 260 This no Question is 
his meaning. 171* DE FOE Plague (1884) 125 There were, 
no Question, Accounts kept of their Charity. 

6. A sentence of interrogative form, addressed by 
one person to another in order to elicit information ; 
an interrogation, query, inquiry. 

a 1300 Cursor M. 22891 iCott.) An crafti clerc. .asked him 
a questiun of a wolf and a Icon. 1340 HAM POLE Pr. Consc. 
8288 Now may bou ask me . . A questyon, and say . . Salle J>ai 
[etc.]? a 1400-50 Alexander itio Inquire me noght f>is 
question, I queth it be neuer. (1485 Digby Myst. iv. 1311 
Yeaskithym. .a whestion. c 1580 SIDNEY Ps. XLII. ii, Their 
daily questions . .Where is now thy God soe good? 1665 
BOYLE Occas. Refl. iv. xvii, Before we could answer that 
Question, we must ask one of him, which was, what he had 
been doing. 1773 GOLDSM. Stoops to Cong. in. in Ask me 
no questions and I'll tell you no fibs. 1776 Trial of Nundo- 
comar 73/2 If you do not give a plain answer to a plain 
question, you will be committed. 1869 Q. Rev. July 211 
Go and put that question to the great armies of Austria. 

f* b. Questions and commands^ the name of a 
game in which one person addressed ludicrous 
questions and commands to each member of the 
company. Obs. 

1673 WYCHERLHY GentL Dancing-Master \\. ii, He is as 
dull as a country-squire at questions and commands. 1709 
STEELE Tatler No. 144 F i Just as one is chosen King at 
the game of Questions and Commands. 1731 FIELDING Grub 
St. Opera in. vii, Unless when we have [kissed] at questions 
and commands. 

c. St. in //. The catechism (cf. question-book 
in 7). Also transf. 

1795 BURNS Election v, The billie is gettin' his questions, 
To say in St. Stephen's the morn. 1893 STEVENSON Cairiona 
31, 1 judged . . he would think the better of me if I knew the 
questions. 

III. 7. attrib. and Comb. a. attrib.,as^ww/w- 
box, -hour, -time ; b. objective, as question- answer- 
ing, -asking, -begging (see BEG v. 6), -putting, sbs. 
or adjs. ; c. phrasal, as question-and-answer lesson ; 
d. question-book Sc. t a catechism (formerly often 
containing also the alphabet or a spelling-book) ; 
question-mark, -stop, a mark of interrogation; 
f question-sick, having a mania for questioning; 
T question- wise adv., as a question. 

164* R. H ARRIS Sjtrmon 29 If wee follow Chrysostom's sense 
..and read the words Questionwbe, IVillhee suffer long ? 
1647 TRAPP Comm. Acts viii. 24 All Christ's scholars are 
questionists, though not question-sick, c 1700 in Wodrow's 
Hist. Ch. Scot. (1828) II. 54 Having a mind to learn to 
read, I bought a Question Book. 1839 Lett.fr. Madras 
(1843) 255 The question-and-answer lessons on Scripture 
History. cx86o WHATELY Comm-pl. Bk. (1864) 263 What 
Jeremy Bentham calls 'question-begging appellatives'. 1862 
T. A. TROLLOPE Marietta I. xl 200 Looking at her like a 
question stop. 1869 LOWELL Cathedr. t This age, that blots 
out life with question-marks. 1884 E. YATES Recoil, (ed. 
Tauchn.) II. vii. 259 Much is said of., their constant 
question-asking. 1885 Manck. Exam. 28 Feb. 6/1 Sitting 
apathetically through a rather lively question time. 

Question (kwe-styan), v. Also 5-6 -yon, (5 
-one), [a. OF. questionner (ijth c.), f. question 
QUESTION sb.] 

1. trans. To ask a question or questions of (a 
person or fig. a thing) ; to interrogate, f Also 
with double object (quot. 1604). 

1490 CAXTON Eneydos xv. 58 Fame . . sette herself . . with 
the porters and mynystres for to questyone theym. 1600 
SHAKS. A. Y. L. n. iv. 64 One of you question yon'd man, 



48 

If he for gold will giue vs any foode. 1604 Oth. \. iii. 129 
Her Father. .Still question 'd me the Storie of my life. 1714 
SWIFT hnit. Hor. ii. vi, And question me of this and that. 
1814 GARY Dante, Paradise HI. 133, I to question her be- 
I came less prompt. 1863 OF.O. ELIOT Rontola Introd., The 
night-student, who had been questioning the stars or the 
sages, .for that hidden knowledge. 

b. To examine judicially ; hence, to call to 
account, challenge, accuse (of}. Now rare. 

1637 HEYLIN^WJW. Bvrtoubo When you were questioned 
pubhckely for your misdemeanours, a 1641 BP. MOUNTAGU 
Acts $ Mon. (1642) 240 Socrates was questioned and con- 
demned at Athens. 1656 BRAMHALL Replic. ii. 96 He had 
rather his own Church should be questioned of Idolatry. 
1789 Constitution U. S. Art. i. 6 For any speech or debate 
in either house [members of Congress] shall not be questioned 
in any other place. 1839 MACAULAY Ess. (1843) H. 458 [He] 
cannot be questioned before any tribunal for his baseness 
and ingratitude. 

f C. To challenge, defy (one) to do something. 
06s. rare- 1 . 

1643 SIR T. BROWNE Relig. Med. i. 27, I cannot see why 
the Angel of God should question Esdras to recall the time 
past, if it were beyond his owne power. 

t 2. intr. To question with : To ask questions of; 
to hold discourse or conversation with ; to dispute 
with. Obs. 

1470-85 MALORY Arthur x. iv, These two knyghtes mette 
with syre Tristram and questioned with hym. 1555 EDEN 
Decades 10. I questioned with hym as concernynge the 
eleuation of the pole. 1614 JACKSON Creed in. j. g 5 Little 
would it boote vs to question with them about their meaning. 
1760-71 H. BROOKE Fool of 'Qua/. (1800.) II. 97, I was not 
far from murmuring and questioning with my God. 

3. intr. To ask or put questions. 

1584 LYLY Campaspe v. ii, Thy sighs when he questioned, 
may breed in him a jealousy. 1593 SHAKS. 3 Hen. /-'/, in. 
ii. 122 Goe wee . . to the man that tooke him To question of 
his apprehension. 1626 D'EwKs in Ellis Orig. Lett. Ser. i. 
III. 217 Others hearing not well what he saiea hind red those | 
by questioning which might have heard. 17*5 POPE Odyss. 
xxiii. no, I scarce uplift my eyes, Nor dare to question. 
1858 LONGF. M. Statidish ix. 53 Questioning, answering, . . 
and each interrupting the other. 

b. trans, with clause stating the question. ? Obs. 

1592 GREENE Upst. Courtier in Harl. Misc. (Malh.) II. 
237, I . . was so bould as to question what they were, and of 
their lnisines.se. x6xi SHAKS. Wtrtt. T. i. ii. 433 Tis safer 
to Auoid what's growne, then question how 'tis borne. 1651 
HOBBES Leviath. n. xxi. no They never questioned what 
crime he had done. 

t c. intr. To inquire or seek after. Obs. rare~~ Y . 

i6o6G.W[ooDcocKE]#w*. I-vstine xxxi. 105 Which flattery 
. . so much delighted him that them which before his affection 
hated, now his desire earnestly questioned after. 

4. trans. To make a question of, to raise the 
question {whether, if, etc.) ; hence, to doubt, hold 
as uncertain. 

1533 FRITH Answ. More Wks. (1573) 33 Whether it be so 
or not it may be questioned. 1659 SLISGSBY Diary (1836) 
356, I sent you a leter . . but I question whether you re- 
ceived it. 1745 P. THOMAS Jrnl. Anson's Voy. 286, 1 much 
question if those who left them bad once fired them. 1758 
JOHNSON Idler No. 4 P 9 No man can question whether 
wounds and sickness are not really painful. 1883 Law 
Times 20 Oct. 408/1 Whether the request, .can be complied 
with.. may be questioned. 

b. In negative expressions, as / do not question 
(but) etc.) = I have no doubt, I am sure (that) ; 
also pass. (cf. 5) it cannot be questioned = it is 
certain; etc. 

1613 SHAKS. Hen. VIII ^ n. iv. 50 It is not to be question 'd, 
That they had gather'd a wise Councell. 1687 T. BROWN 
Saints in Uproar Wks. 1730 I. 82, I .. question not but 
you'll do me and these two martyrs justice, a 1730 SEWEL 
Hist. Quakers (1795) I. Pref. 23 Some cases which I did not 
question to be true. 1749 FIELDING Tom yones xvm. ii. He 
did not In the least question succeeding with his daughter. 
1869 HUXLEY in Set. Opin. 21 Apr. 464/3 Nor can it be 
questioned that [etc.]. 1878 SIMPSON Sch. Shafts. I. 120 He 
did not question but the native Irish would join him. 

5. a. To call in question, dispute, oppose. 

1632 Gahvay Arch, in loM Rep. Hist. MSS. Conint. App. 
V. 478 Wee question the truth of your informacion. 1647 
N. BACON Disc. Govt. Eng. i. lix. (1739) 112 This the wilful 
Archbishop never questioned, till he questioned all Author- 
ity. 1781 GIBBON Decl. $ F. xxvii. III. 3 The worthless 
delegates of his power, whose merit it was made sacrilege 
to question. 1831 HT. MARTINEAU Life in Wilds vii. 96 
There would be no true humility in questioning your decision. 
1883 FROUDE Short Stud. IV. n. L 164 Any one who openly 
questioned the truth of Christianity was treated as a public 
offender. 

t b. To bring into question, make doubtful or 
insecure. Obs. rare. 

1637 HEYWOOD Royall King in. Wks. 1874 VI. 43 This 
emulation Begets our hate, and questions him of life, a 1643 
SUCKLING Goblins v. (1646) 58 Behold (grave Lords) the man 
Whose death questioned the life of these. 

f C. To state as a question. Obs. rare* 1 . 

1643 SlR T. BROWNE Relig. Med. i. 21 Myself could shew 
a Catalogue of doubts, never yet imagined nor questioned. 

t 6 To ask or inquire about, to investigate (a 
thing). Obs. rare. 

1599 SHAKS. Hen. V> \\. iv. 142 Dispatch vs with all speed, 
least that our King Come here himselfe to question our 
delay, a 1633 AUSTIN Medit. (1635) 1 33 When they Question 
such things, as the Holy-ghost is silent in. 1655 STANLEY 
Hist. Philos. in. (1701) 87/1 Socrates asked them if. .he might 
be permitted to question what he understood not. 

Questionabrlity, = QuEaTioNABLENEss. 

1845 CARLYLE Cromwell (1871) V. 125 Widening into new 
dreariness, new quest ionabil it y. 



QUESTIONARY. 

Questionable (kwe-styanab'I}, a. [f. QUES- 
TION V. + -ABLE.] 

1 1. a. Of a person : That may be interrogated ; 
of whom questions may be asked, b. Of a ques- 
tion : That may be asked or put. c. Of a place : 
Where questions may easily be asked. Obs. rare. 

\$y>C.$.Kight Relig. i It is a question, scarse questionable. 
i6oa SHAKS. Ham. i. iv. 43 Thou com'st in such a question- 
able shape.That l,will speake to thee. 1607 MIDDLETON Fire 
Gallants n. iii, In such public as a tavern, such a questionable 
place. [1878 SIMPSON Sch. Shafts. II. 119 (tr. Prodigal Son} 
Hollah ! boy. .Stay still and be questionable. Tellme[etc.J.] 

t 2. Of persons or acts : Liable to be called to 
account or dealt with judicially. Obs, 

1639 GENTILIS Servita's Inquis. (1676) 833 The delinquent 
shall be sent to the place where he is questionable for 
spiritual Matters. 1660 Trial Regie. 51 Whatever was 
done by their Commands, or their Authority, is not question- 
able by your Lordships. 1685 COTTON tr. Montaigne (1877) 
I. 60 Many have thought we are not fairly questionable for 
anything but what we commit against our conscience. 

3. Of things, facts, etc. : That may be questioned 
or called in question (rarely const, by) \ open to 
question or dispute; doubtful, uncertain. Freq. ] 
in phr. it is questionable (whether, if, etc.). 

1607 TOPSELL Four-/, Beasts (1658) 96 It is questionable, 
whether they have any Hindes or females. 1643 PKVNNE 
Treach. A Disloyalty in. 127 (R.) Making it a thing not 
questionable by our Prelates and Clergie. 1685 LADY 
RUSSELL in Bucclfuck MSS. (Hist. MSS. Comm.) I. 341 
The Queen, is not at all well ; . . 'tis questionable if she can 
endure the ceremony of the Coronation. 177* Junius Lett. 
Ded. 6 The right of juries to return a general verdict, in all 
cases whatsoever is. .not. .in any shape questionable by the 
legislature. 1790 BURKE Fr. Rev. 63 Whatever rendered 
property questionable, ambiguous, and insecure. 1818 
CRUISE Digest (ed. 2) IV. 147 This doctrine is very ques- 
tionable. i88a SPURGEON Treas. Dav. Ps. cxxiv. Introd., 
They have ventured upon so many other questionable state, 
ments that we are not bound to receive this dictum. 1883 
SIR J. C. MATHEW in Law Rep. ii Queen's Bench Div. 592 
It was very questionable whether the words used were 
defamatory per se. 

b. Of doubtful or obscure meaning, rare. 

174* RICHARDSON Pamela III. 408 When I cannot answer 
for myself, to render anything dark or questionable in it. 
1835 I. TAYLOR Spir. Despot, iv. 119 In the lapse of ages, 
the phraseology of law may become first obsolete, and then 
questionable. 

c. of qualities, properties, etc. : About the exist- 
ence or presence of which there may be question. 

1796 MORSE Amer. Geog. I. vii, The propriety of importing 
any of our school books from Great Britain . . is very question- 
able. 1856 KANE Arct. Expl. I. xii. 123 The questionable 
privilege of having as many wives as he could support. 
1885 Afanch. Exant. 20 Feb. 5/1 Either its object is of 
questionable expediency, or its work is imperfectly done. 

d. Of doubtful nature, character, or quality; 
dubious in respect of goodness, respectability, etc. 

1806 SURR Winter in Land. II. 261 There are a thousand 
questionable thoughts rushing at once upon my mind, a x8ai 
SHELLEY Chas. /, n. 203 Stick not even at questionable 
means. 1880 L. STEPHEN Pope iii. 79 A coolness ensued 
between the principal and his partners in consequence of 
these questionable dealings. 

Que-stionableness. [f. prec. + -NESS.] The 
state of being questionable ; doubtfulness, etc. 

1668 H. MORE Div. Dial. II. xxii. (1713) 158 trtarg., From 
the Questionableness whether . . there does not as much 
good redound to the Universe. 1857 DE QUINCEY Keats 
Wks. 1 862 V. 270 The questionableness of its particular state- 
ments. 1867 C. J. SMITH Syn. <$ Antonyms s.v. Apparent, 
The adverb apparently admits the sense of questionableness 
still more strongly. 

Questionably, adv. [f. as prec. + -Lv2.] in 
a questionable manner. 

1859 WILSON & GEIKIE Mein. E. Forbes i. 8 This dim pre- 
historic dawn, through which the shadowy figures of . . 
Druids questionably hover. 1885 Mag. of Art Sept. 443/1 
An eccentric and questionably drawn performance. 

f Que-stional, a. Obs. rare- 1 , [f. QUESTION sb. 
f -AL.] Relating to questions. 

1607 R. C. tr. Estien*e*s World Wond. xxxix. 327 The 
Decretals haue had their part, . . the Questionall, Distinction- 
all, Quodlibeticall bookes .. theirs. 

tQue'stionary,^. 1 Obs. rare. Also9qu8est-. 
[ad. med.L. questionari-us : see QUESTION and 

-ABY 1 .] 1. = QUE8TIONIST. 
1435 MISYN Fire oj Love 3, I trowe bies Binges here 



questionary him selfe. 1787 Minor \\. xx. 141 Are you 
become a questionary at this time of day ? 

2. QUESTOR I. 

1820 SCOTT Abbot xxvii, A qusestionary or pardoner, one 
of those itinerants who hawked about . . reliques. 

Que'Stionary, sb& rare. [ad. med.L. ques- 
tionarium ; or, in mod. use, ad. F. questionnaire : 
see -ART 1 .] A list of questions ; t a treatise in the 
form of questions, a catechism. 

1541 R. COPLAND Guydon's Quest. Ckirurg. Pref., This 
lytell questyonary & formulary, .haue ben often requyred 
and soughte for. 1887 A theuseum 10 Sept. 345/3 Answers 
to the society's questionary of sociology and ethnography. 

Questionary (kwe'styanari), a. [ad. late L. 
qnsest-, questionari-us (Boethius) : see QUESTION 
and -ARY 1 .] 

1. Having the form of a question ; consisting of 
questions ; conducted by means of questioning. 






QTJESTIONATIVELY. 

1653 MANTON Exf. fames iii. 13 The questionary proposal 
intimateth the rare contemporation of these two qualities. 

1 1715 KuRNF.T Own Tin" ('724) I. 35 The questionary trial 

ame last, Every Minister asking such questions as he 
pleased. 1775 ADAIH Amcr. InJ. 60 The reply confirms the 
meaning of the questionary salute. 1838 CHALMERS Wks. 
XIII. 75 Let us institute a questionary process upon the 
doings. 

2. That asks questions, rare 1 . 

1711 STEEI.E Spect* No. 80 f 6 Let those two questionary 
Petitioners try to do thus with their Who's and their 
Whiches. 

f Que-stionatively, adv. Obs. rare- 1 . [Perh. 
on anal, of interrogatively, imperatively, etc.] As 
a question. 

1657 REEVE GotFs Plea ^ These words are put question- 
atively- 

Questioned (kwe-styand), ///. a. [f. QUES- 
TION v. + -EDl.] That is questioned, in senses of 
the vb. Also absol. ns sb. 

1680 BAXTER /I 7<i.i'//ffi)i5/?.xxxiv.58TheIittledin'erences 
of our questioned Assemblies. 1753 H. JONES Earl of Essex 
(1756) 26 Clear Your questioned conduct from disloyal guilt. 
1881 Times 18 May 11/5 At other times questioner and 
questioned agree in seeking an occasion to state a fact. 

Questionee-. rare 1 . One who is questioned. 

1866 Sat. Rev. 12 May 564 Questioner and questionee 
will soon lose each other m the wilderness of words. 

Questioner (kwe-styanai). [f. QUESTION v. + 
-ER!.] One who questions; an interrogator, in- 
quirer; j an interrogative form of speech ; erotema. 

1551 CRANMER Aiisiv, Gardiner 73 The curious questioner, 
the foolishe answerer. 1589 PUTTENHAM Eng. Poesie in. 
xix, (Arb.) 220 This figure I call the Questioner or inquisitiue. 
1645 MILTON Tetrach. Wks. (1851) 228 (Matt. xix. 7-8) God 
.. was making hel for curious questioners. 1709 STEELE 
Tatler No. 41 p 6 He was a Questioner, who . . is one who 
asks Questions, not with a Design to receive Information, 
but an Affectation to show his Uneasiness for Want of it. 
1801 SOUTHEV Thalaba v. xvi, Stranger, in thy turn,.. who 
art thou, the questioner? 1890 H. S. SALT Thoreau 30 He 
was. .a fearless thinker and questioner on. .matters social 
and religious. 

t Que-stionful. nonce-wd. [f. QUESTION sb. + 
-FDL.] A full reply to a question. 

1647 WARD Simp. Cobler 30 If any body comes to me for 
a question-full or two about fashions, they never complain 
of me for giving them hard measure, or under-weight. 

Questioning (kwe-styanin), vbl. sb. [f. 
QUESTION z. + -INQI.] 

1. The action of the vb., in various senses. 

(11635 SlniiES Confer. Christ fy Mary (1656) 04 The 
ministeriall questioning of sinners. 1646 SIR T. BROWNE 
Psend. Ep. 208 The questioning of their true endowments. 
1776 JOHNSON in BosTuell Mar. (at Lichfield), Questioning is 
not the mode of conversation among gentlemen. 1861 GEO. 
ELIOT Silas M. 48 Silas now told bis story under frequent 
questioning. 

attrib. 1837 WHEWELL Hist. Induct. Sc. I. 25 The vigour 
and confidence of the questioning spirit. 

2. With a and//. : An instance of this. 

1607 HIERON Wks. I. 266 An aduised questioning with 
himselfe, touching the value of this offered treasure. 1677 
GILPIN Demonol. (1867) 303 Unseemly questionings of his 
goodness and compassion. 1803-$ WORDSW. Ode Intim. 
Ititmort. 1^2 Those obstinate questionings Of sense and 
outward things. 1885 SIR R. BAGGALLAV in Law Ref> 15 
Queen's Bench Div. 59 There are four species of questionings 
to which the debtor is to be subject. 

Questioning (kwe'stysnirj),///. a. [f. as prec. 
-(--ING 2 .] That questions, in senses of the vb. 

1801 CHARLOTTE SMITH Lett, Solit. Wand. I. 234 Under 
.. the questioning eye of his father. 1818 SHELLEY/?^'. 
Islam v. xii, Earnest countenances on me shed The light 
of questioning looks. 1858 LONGF. M. Standish VI. 31 Like 
a ghost that is speechless, Till some questioning voice dis- 
solves the spell of its silence. 

Hence Que-stioningly adv., in a questioning 
manner; inquiringly. 

1863 B. TAYLOR H. Tkursioa I. 87 As he looked keenly 
and questioningly at the little figure. 

Questionist (kwe-styanist). Also 7 -est. [f. 
QUESTION v. + -IST.] 

1. A habitual or professed questioner, spec, in 
theological matters. (In early use applied to certain 
of the schoolmen, as Aquinas and Duns Scotus.) 

1513 [CovERDALE] Old God if New (1534) Rij, Opinia. 
tors & questtonistes braulynge and striuyng among them 
selues. 1518 ROY Rede Me (Arb.) 43 They sent thether 
Thomas and ScoteWithwotherquestionistes. ai$68AscHAM 
Scholem. (Arb.) 137 The worst of all, as Questionistes, and 
all the barbarous nation of scholemen. 1660 INGELO Bentiv. 
ft Ur. i. (1682) 142 They let alone the trifling niceties of 
Questionists. 1762 Gentt. Mag. 84 Your respectable rendez- 
vous of curious questionists. i8ia COLERIDGE Lett., to his 
Wife (1895) 581 He is a fearful questionist, whenever he 
thinks he can pick up any information. 1874 SYLVESTER 
in Proc. Roy. Instil. VII. 184 note, A questionist ill the 
'Educational Times'. 

2. Formerly, at Cambridge and Harvard: An 
undergraduate in his last term before proceeding 
to the degree of B.A. 

'574. M. STOKYS in Peacock Slat. Cambridge (1841) App. 
A. p. iv, The Questionists shall gyue the Bedels warnynge 
..that they may proclayme..thentrynge of their Questions. 
1650 [see INCEPTOR i). 1661 K. W. Con/. Charac. (1860) 95 



six weeks of their preparation. 1887 Cambridge Univ. Cal. 
64 If any Ouestionist have been prevented by illness from 
, a Certificate must be delivered. 



VOL. VIII. 



49 

Questionless (kwe'stysnles), a. and adv. [f. 
QUESTION jA + -LESS.] 

A. adj. 1. Not admitting of question; unques- 
tionable, indubitable. 

1532 MORE Confut. Tindale Wks. 814/2 Thys questionlesse 
and cleare vndowted churche. c 1611 CHAPMAN Iliad iv, 17 
The conquest yet is questionless. 1642 J. EATON Honey-c. 
Free Jnstif. 81 It is questionlesse that all our sins are in 
Gods sight. i86a LVTTON Sir, Story II. 37 Reft from my 
senses are the laws which gave order and place to their old 
questionless realm. 1870 LOWELL Among my Bks, Ser. i. 
(1873)226 He. .remained always its born and questionless 
master. 

2. That asks no questions ; unquestioning. 

1880 L. WALLACE Ben Hur 498 With the same clear mind 
and questionless faith. 

B. adv. Without question, beyond all question; 
unquestionably ; undoubtedly. 

In common use from about 1550 to 1750 ; since then some- 
what rare. 

1412-20 LYDG. Chron. Troy n. xix, And questionles 
reporte this of me That [etc.]. 1530 BALE Eng. Votaries 
Qiv, Questionlesse theyr brutishe neades are to blockish. 
1624 CAPT. SMITH Virginia 107 If they . . had not so soone 
returned, questionlesse the Indians would haue destroied 
the Fort. 1676 HALE Contempt, i. 83 Each did questionless 
make a deep impression upon our Saviour. 1760-72 H. 
RRQOKE foot 0f Qua!. (1809) IV. 23 The first man who came 
into the world was, questionless, the most perfect. 1809 
MALKIN Gil Bias vn. xiii. P 6 Questionless, said I, talents 
like yours are convertible to every purpose. 1866 GEO. 
ELIOT F. Holt v, A young man . . who can questionless write 
a good hand and keep books. 

Hence Que-stionleasly adv. a. = QUESTIONLESS 
B. b. Without asking questions. 

1658 EARL MONM. tr. Pandas Wars Cyprus 169 The 
advantage of the League, which was questionlesly known, 
would be very great. 1863 MRS. WHITNEY Gayworthys 
II. 175 To-day, still calmly, questionlessly, he did more. 
1877 KI'SKIM Fors Clai>. Ixxx. 225 Being simply and ques- 
tionlessly father-laws from the beginning. 

Que'stman. [f. QUEST 

1. A member of a * quest * ; one appointed to 
make official inquiry into any matter ; spec, f a. a 
parish or ward official elected annually (see quot. 
1706). Obs. 

1 1548 GESTE Serm. in H. G. Dugdale Life (1840) 188 All 
judges, all officers, all quest men which have sworne to 
speake the truthe. 1509 NASHE Lenten Stvjffe Wks. 1883-4 
V. 239 They . . come to bear office of Quest man and Scauinger 
in the Parish where they dwell. 1631 BRATHWAIT Whimzies t 
Questman 125 This Questman. .becomes frequently versed 
in sundry ancient Presidents. 1706 PHILLIPS (ed. Kersejj), 
Quest or Quest-Men, Persons who are chosen yearly in 
every Ward, and meet about Christmas, to enquire into 
Abuses and Misdemeanours committed therein, especially 
such as relate to Weights and Measures. 1761 London 4- 
Environs IV. 23 [The mob of 1381] levelled to the ground 
the houses of all lawyers and questmen. 

b. ccl. A churchwarden's assistant ; a sides- 
man. Now only Hist. 

1454 in T. Gardner Hist. Dunivick (1754) 149 To the 

8uest Men for the Ton \-zd. 1555 BP. HOPLIN in Ellis 
rig. Lett. Ser. i. II. 189, I dyd sende ymedyatlie for the 
sayd Curate, the Churche wardeyns, and the questmen. 
1624 Bi>. HALL True Peace Maker in Var. Treat. (1627) 
543 Who troubles the house?.. In the Church, .not the care- 
lesse questman, not the corrupt of tidal I ; but the clamorous 
preacher, a 1656 Rem. Wks. (1660) 342 We have in every 
Parish. .Churchwardens, Questmen, or Sldemen, and Over- 
seers for the Poor. [1731 NEAL Hist. Purit. I. 307 To give 

f all 



.Churchwardens, Questmen, or Sldemen, and Over- 

NEAL 
arge 
Non-conformists. 1895 J. BROWN Pilgrim Fathers I. 35 



it in charge to their Quest-men to present the names of 



. . 

He swore in six questmen to bring presentments against 
such as come not to church.] 

t2. = QUESTOR i. Obs. rare^-. 

1691 tr. Entiltannts Frauds Rom. Monks (ed. 3) 262 One 
of the Quest-men told her, That they would take care to 
make a little shift of it, for some small Soul in Purgatory. 

t Que'stiuonger. Obs. Also 4-6 -mongere, 
5 -manger, 6- moonger. [f. QUEST ^ + MONGER.] 
One who made a business of conducting inquests. 

1377 LANCL. P. PI. B. xix. 367 Lyeres and questmongeres 
that^were forsworen ofte. c 1449 PECOCK Repr. v. vi. 516 
Vnpiteful questmongers and forsworen iuerers. 1494 FABYAN 
Chron. in. 530 They . . slewe as many men of lawe and 
questmongers as they myght fynde. 1553 LATIMER Serin. 
Lord's Prayer iv. 28 Aboue all thynges, these questmongers 
had neede to take heede. 1622 BACON Hen. F/7, 211 Hauing 
euer a Rabble of Promoters, Questmongers and Leading 
lurors at their Command. [1776 ENTICK London I. 293 
Lawyers, jurors, and questmongers.1 

Questor (kwe-stf?.!, -3i). Also 6, 9 quaestor, [a. 
med.L. questor agent-n. f. quertre = quxrfre to ask 
(c QUAESTOR) : hence also l\..qufstore, F. gttcsteur.] 

1. R. C. Ch. An official appointed by the Pope 
or by a bishop to grant indulgences on the gift of 
alms to the Church ; a pardoner. 

1387 TREVISA Higden (Rolls) IV. 49 Now cherles and 
pardoneres beeb i-cleped questores. 1415 York Myst. I ntrod. 
26 Escriueners, Lum[i]ners, Questors [Pardoners 'written 
abffve], Dubbers. 1502 Ord. Crysten Men (W. de W. 1506) 
iv. xxi. 239 Yf he hath suffred wyttyngly questours to renne 
thrughe his dyocese in prechynge false indulgences. 1580 
FULKE Agst. Alien 168 Men pay monie to the Pope or his 
pardoning qua:stors, for leaden bulls. 1748 Earthquake 
Peru i. 85 The great Monastery alone has twenty-four 
Questors. 1823 LINGARD Hist. Eng. VI. 125 Ninety-five 
short theses on the nature of indulgences and the errors of 
the questors. 1895 Month July 447 The malpractices of the 
t,) ucs tors. 

2. a. In France : One of the treasurers of the 
National Assembly. 



QUETCH. 

1848 W. H. KELLY tr. L. Blanc's Hist. Ten Y. I. 413 He 

arrived at the Palais Hourbon . . went straight to the questors 
[etc.). 1896 Daily News 28 Mar. 5/5 There seemed a 
danger yesterday.. that the Questors would be obliged to 
call in the police. 

b. In Italy : A commissary of police. 
1865 MAFFEI Brigand Life II. 169 The indefatigable 
questor of Naples, .says [etc.). 

3. [? f. QUEST v.] One who seeks or searches. 
1887 Miss BETHAM-EDWARDS Next of Kin Wanted II. x. 

117 Unhappy questors after something to their advantage. 

Questor, obs. variant of QU.ESTOR. 

Questorian, -ie : see QU.SSTORIAN, -T. 

tQuestrel, variant of CUSTREL, groom. Obs. 

1551 EDW. VI Lett, in Lit. Rent. (Roxb.) 72 They had 
noe pages, questrells, nor demilaunces, but al wel armed. 

t Que-strist. Obs. rare" 1 . [f.QuESTER + -isT.] 
One who goes in quest of another. 

1605 SHAKS. Lear m. vii. 17 Thirty of his Knights Hot 
Questrists after him, met him at gate. 

Quest rope : see GUEST ROPE. 

t Que-stry. Obs. rare- 1 , [f. QUEST sb., prob. 
after jury> vestry.] Only in questrymen, jnrymen. 

c 1690 Sir Hugh of the Graeme in Roxb. Ball. (1888) VI. 
596 The Quest of Jury-men was call'd . . Then other Questry- 
men was call'd. 

Questuary, obs. form of QU^STUART. 

Questure : see QU^STURE. 

Questword : see QUEST sb. z 

Quet, variant of QUED(E, bad. Obs. 

Quetans, obs. form of QUITTANCE. 

Quetcli, quitch, v. Obs. exc. dial. Forms : 
a. i cweccan, (cu-}, 3 quecchen, queche, 6 
queech, queatche, 6-7 que(t)ch ; &. (? 3 owich, 
quic), 5 qvycch-, qvyhch-, qvytchyn, quycche, 
6 quytch(e, quyche, quich, 6-7 quitch, 9 dial. 
quitchy ; 7. 6 (9 dial.} quatoh. Pa. t. i cwsehte, 
i, 3 cwehte, 3 quehte, qu- f cuahte, 4 quei($)te, 
qua}te ; also 6 quitched, 6-7 quetched, 7 
quatched, quitcht. [OE. cw$ccan > .*cwacjan t 
causative from the root *cwac- : see QUAKE, and 
cf. OS. quekilik glossing L. versatilem or vibra- 
bilem (gladiuni}. See also AQUETCH.] 

fl. trans. To shake; to brandish; to drive, chase. 
Obs. (OE. and early ME.) 

c8a$ Vesp. Psalter vii. 13 Nemne ge slen secerde, sweord 
his [he] cweceS. c 1000 Ags. Gosfi. Matt, xxvii. 39 J>a wejfe- 
renden . . cwehton [v. r. cwaeh tun ] heora heafod. c 1205 LAV. 
23907 Heo quehten [c 1275 cwehten] heore scaftes. Ibid. 
31475 Hi^endliche he heom quehte ouer pere Humbre. 

f2. ititr. Of things: To shake, tremble. Obs. 

c 1205 LAY. 20141 pa eorSe a;,-cn quehte [c 1*75 cwehte). 
Ibid. 26919 Quahten on hafden helmes he^en. 1:1380 Sir 
f'enttnb. 607 So Sterne strokes bay arau^te . . J>at al be erthe 
per-of qua^te alnyle & more on lenghbe. 

f3. intr. To stir or move from one place to 
another; to go, ran, hasten. Obs. 

c 1205 LAY. 826 Ne lete ;e nenne quick quecchen to holte 
[ci275 scapie to felde]. Ibid. 7271 pa heo weoren ouer- 
cumen \>*& quahten [c 1275 wendenl^ieo wide. 1350 Will. 
Paler ne 4344 pat werwolf, .queite toward }>e quene. 

4. intr. Of persons (or animals) : a. To move 
the body or any part of it ; to stir ; in later use 
esp. to shrink, wince, twitch (with pain), and 
usually in negative clauses, Obs. exc. dial. 

The phr. cwich ne cwe$ m Leg. St. Kath. i26r, qnic ne 
y?teff in Ancr. R. 122 (two MSS.), app. belongs here, mean* 
ing ' stirred nor spoke ', though the form is difficult to 
account for. 

c 1205 LAY. 25844 pa fond he ber ane quene quecchen mid 
hafde. c 1330 Arth. fy MerL 9051 (Kolbing) pe stede he 
smot, bat it quei?te. c 1440 Promp. Parv. 421/1 Qvycchyn, 
or mevyn. 1530 PALSGR. 677/2, I quytche, I styrreor move 
with my bodye. 1579-80 NORTH Plutarch (1676) 587 He . . 
never stirred hand nor foot, nor quitched when the fire took 
him. 1596 SPENSER F. Q. v. ix. 33 With a strong yron chaine 
and coller bound, That once be could not move, nor quich 
at all. 1609 HOLLAND Amnt. Marcell. xxix. i. 357 Simo- 
nides .. endured the flames, and never quetched [L. 
immobilis\. 1636 FEATLY Clavis Myst. \\\. 33 He who suf- 
fereth all this, quatcheth not, stirreth not. a 1664 FRANK 
Sermons (1672) 147 To . . look up stedfastly still, not quich 
aside. 1685 COTTON tr. Montaigne I. 253, 1 have seen men 
. . that would neither cry out, wince nor quitch, for a good 
swinging beating. 1886 ELWORTHY W. Somerset Word-bk.. 
Qnitc/iy, to twitch; to make sudden, involuntary movements. 
b. intr. To utter a sound. (Usually in negative 
clauses.) Also with against, at. Obs. exc. dial. 

1530 PALSGR. 601 She layde upon him lyke a mantle sacke 
and the poore boye durste nat ones quytche [F. nosa pas 



against it. 1657 w - MORICE Coena quasi Koifij Def. xvi. 256 
To snatch their mouths full of earth, that they might not 
be heard to quetch or groan. 1672 MARVELL Reh. Transp. 
I. 159, 1 will speak alwayes with so Magisterial a confidence, 
that no modest man ..shall so much as quetch at me. 1847- 
78 HALLIWELL, QuatcA t to betray, tell. . - Ox/. 1888 Berksh. 
Gloss.^l Not to]Quatch, to keep absolute silence as regards 
a certain subject. 

f c. Freq. in phr. one dare (or durst] not quetck t 
implying fear or absolute submission. Also const. 
against, at. Obs. 

13.. K. A /is. 4747 Dar no man agein hym queche. 1496 
Dives <$ Paup. (W. de W.) ix. viii, 358/1 Be he so solempne 
& so myghty, that no man dare quycche ayenst hym. 1528 
in FurnivaH's Ballads from J/.S'.V. I. 359 Thow knowyste 
how..mortimer, in ^is fende dyd Rule & Rayne, For whom 
no man durste quyche. 1565 GOLDING Ovid's Met. v. (1593) 

7 



QUETCHING. 

124 The seelie lamb that dares not stirre nor quetch, when 
he heares the howling of the woolfe. 1587 FLEMING Canlit. 
Holinshed\l\. 975/1 They durst not queech in his presence, 
but were like a sort of timorous cattell. 1638 FEATLY Strict. 
Lyndom. I. no A most learned worke, against which never 
a Papist yet durst quatch. 1653 H. CoGANtr. Pinto' i Trav. 
xix. 67 Which put them in such a fear as they durst not so 
much as quetch. 

Hence t Que'tching, qui'tohing vbl. sb. Obs. 

1676 H. MORE Rent. Disc. Hale 94 The quitching of the 
skin. 

Quete, obs. form of WHEAT. 

Quetenite (kwe-tenait). [ Named l8 9 ((?"* 
Unit) from Quetena, in Chili, its locality: see 
-1TE 1 .] ' Hydrous sulphate of iron and magnesium, 
found in reddish-brown masses' (Chester). 

1890 Amer. Jrnl. Sc. Ser. in. XL. 259 Quetenite occurs 
at the Salvador Mine in Quetena. 

Queter, obs. form of QUITTER rf.l 

tQuethe, st. Obs. rare. Also 6 Sc. queitb. 
[f. the vb.] Speech, address ; sound, cry. 

13 .. Caw. 4- Gr. Knt. 1 1 50 At )>e fyrst quethe of J>e quest 
quaked be wylde. 1513 DOUGLAS j&neis v. ii. 102 Quairfor 
Enee begouth again renew His faderis hie saull queith. 

tQuethe, v. Obs. (exc. in pa. t. QUOTH). 
Forms : Inf. i cwe'San,(cw8e8an ) cwi1San,cuoet!a, 
etc.), 2 cwepen, 2-3 queften, 5 queth(yn, (qv-, 
qw-). Pres. t. (i sg.) i owrfie, (owedBu, cuefio, 
etc.), 4 queJ>e,4-5 queth(e, 5 qwethe, 6 quey the. 
fa. t. i cwsel!, etc., 1-2 owed, 1-3 oweU, 2 owet, 
quafi, 3 cwapp, qu(u ad. quefi, 4 quape, quath, 
(quejjed, 5 ? qwithit) : see also QUOTU. Pa. fple. 
i cweden, 2 i-owe(8e(n, 2-3 i-queUen, 3 i-cwede, 
i-queUe, queUen, 6 queythed. [OE. cweSan 
(cwat, cwsedon, cwtt/en] OFris. quetha, queda, 
quan, OS. qiieiian (qtialt, quath, quad; fiuid'un, 
quaduti), OHG. quedan, chweden (quad, quat; 
quAdun, qu&tun : MHO. queden, keden], ON. 
kveSa (kvaS, kvdtium, kveSinn : Da. kvsfde, Sw. 
qvada to sing), Goth, qifan (qa]>, qfjmm, qi]>an) : 
OTeut. *kwepan, kwaj> t kw$3um, kwe#ono-.~\ 

1. trans. To speak, say, tell, declare, call. 

c8aj Vcsp. Psalter ii. 7 Dryhten cwjeS to me, ' sunu min 
8u ear5'. Ibid. xli. 4 i)onne bi6 cweden to me..'hweris 
god Sin 1 . 071 Blickl. Horn. 183 |>a cwseb Neron to Petre, 
4 jehyrstu, Petrus, hwxt Simon cwib ' ? c x 175 Lamb. Ham. 

EDo summe of Msse |>inge be ic wutle nu cweben. c 1*50 
r. ff Ex, 1496 Sel me oo wunes, 5e queSen ben 3e firme 
sunes. a 1300 Cursor Jl/. 22973 Mani man. -Wat noght bis 
word i for-wit quath. ("1330 R. BRUNNE(T//rtf. ll'ate (Rolls) 
1224^ Series, )>ys were our most profit, Wib loue & leue he 
quepe [v.r. quede] vs quyt. a 1400-50 Alexander 4325, 
I sail quethe be forqui & quat is be cause. 

b. intr. in phr. Quick and qnething : Alive and 
able to speak. 

1539 MORE Dyahge i. Wks. 131/2 A man and a woman 
whyche are yet quickeand quething. 1546 GARDINER Declar. 
Joye 39 b, I meruayle where he had lerned that lesson being 
yet qutcke and quethynge. 

2. To promise, rare. 

1150 Gen. <$ Ex. 64 God hem quuad 5or seli suriurn. 
Ibid. 2788 Nu am ic ligt to fren hem oeoen And milche and 
hunige lond hem queoen. 

3. To assign by will, to bequeath. 

1303 R. BRUNNE Handl. Synne 6294 Hous, and rente, and 
ouer byng, Mow bey quebe at here endyng. 1330 
Ckron. (1810) 135 To temples in Acres he quath flue bousand 
marke. 1387 TREVISA //iir<rV (Rolls) V. 321, I quebe me to 
be trone of pat luge pat neuere hab ende. 1416 LYDG. De 
Gvil. filgr. 4794 My body, I quethe also To the sepulkre, 
for dayes thre. 1463 Bury Wills (Camden) 16 Item I geue 
and quethe to William Hussher iijf. iiij*/. 1530 PALSGR. 676/2 
Hath he queythed you any thyng in his testament? 
b. ? To bestow, deliver, rare 1 . 

c 1400 Deslr. Troy 6973 To Qwimilion the quern he qwithit 
a dynt, Woundit hym wickidly. 

Hence tone-thing- vbl. sb., bequeathing; queth- 
ing word, last farewell. Also f Que'the-word, 
a legacy, bequest. 

c 1380 WYCLIF Sri. Wks. III. 373 By beggynge, by queeth- 
yng [v. r. quebinge] . . and o|>er fals meenes [they] erven 
evere after worldly godis. 1481 in T. Gardner Hist. Dim- 
'Mich (1754) 148 Of Cutberd Eyer, for the Queth Word 
of Tym Chawmbyr 403. 1:1490 Proaif. Pan: 420/2 (MS. 
K) Qvethe worde .. legatuiit. 1513 DOUGLAS SEticis ix. 
viii. 62 Thi last regrait and quething wordis to say. 1532 
Ckurchm. Ace. Wigtoft, Lines, in Nichols Illvstr. Ant. 
Matin. (1797), Item, receyvyd of Margaret Brygg for y* 
quethword of Rob* Brygg hir husband i/-. 

Quethe, var. QUED(E, bad. Quethen, -un, 
varr. WHETHEN, whence. Quether, -ur, obs. ff. 
WHETHER. Quetor, -our, -ure, obs. ff. QUITTER 
sb\ Quetstone, obs. f. WHETSTONE. 

Quetzal (ke-tsal). Also quezal, quesal. [a. 
Sp. quetzal, older quetzale, a. Aztec quetzalli a 
tail-feather of the bird called quetzaltatotl (f. the 
comb, form of quetzalli + tototl bird).] An ex- 
tremely beautiful bird (Pharomacrus mocinno] of 
Central America (esp. Guatemala), belonging to the 
Trogon family ; the cock is remarkable for its long 
tail-coverts, of a resplendent golden -green colour. 

1817 J. WILSON Let. in Mem. iv. (1859) 124 That long, 
tailed fellow, the quezal from Vera Paz. 1838 J. GOULD 
Troganidx Plate 21, Trojan resplendent . . Habitat Guati- 
mala in Mexico, where it is called Quesal. 1864 G. R. 
MATHEW Lei. in Ld. Malmesbury Meitt. Ex-. Minister (1885) 
586 One of the famed ' quezals ', whose plumage under the 



50 

Aztec Emperor was reserved for imperial wear. 1887 W. T. 
BRIGHAM (title) Guatemala, the Land of the Quetzal. 

Queue (ki), sb. Also 9 queu. [a. F. queue > 
Of. couCj ciie t e0:L. caitda tail ; see CUE *.'*] 

1. ///-. The tail of a beast. 

Queue fourchf(e^ having a forked or double tail. 

1591 WVRLEY Armorie 41 Gold ramping Lion queue doth 
forked hold. 1864 BOUTELL Her. Hist. 4- Pop. xiv, (ed. 3) 
164 The lion of Gueldres is also queue fourchee. 1868 
CUSSANS Her, (18931 86 A Lion, with its tail between its 
legs, is said to be Ctnvarti; when furnished with two tails, 
Queue fourckf) or Double queued. 

2. A long plait of hair worn hanging down behind, 
from the head or from a wig ; a pig-tail. 

1748 SMOLLETT Rod. Rand, (1760) II. xlix. 116 A.. coat 
over which his own hair descended in a leathern queue. 1774 
GOLDSM, Nat. Hist. II. v. 100 The largeness of the doctor's 
wig arises from the same pride with the small ness of the 
beau's queue. i8oa JAMES Milit. Diet., Queue, .an append- 
age that every British soldier is directed to wear in lieu of 
a club. 1843 LE FEVRE Life Trav. Phyt* I. i. viii. 183 Old 
cocked-hats, and tied queues, still stalk about the town. 
1888 W. R. CARLES Life in Corea iii. 40 These boys were all 
bachelors, and wore their hair in a queue down their backs. 

3. A number of persons ranged in a line, awaiting 
their turn to proceed, as at a ticket-office; also, 
a line of carriages, etc. 

1837 CARLYLE Fr. Rev, I. vn. iv, That talent . . of spon- 
taneously standing in queue, distinguishes . . the French 
People. i86a THACKERAY Philip II. viii. 177 A half-mile 
queue of carriages was formed along the street. 1876 C. M. 
DAVIES Unorth. Lond.(td. 2) 120 A long queue, like that 
outside a Parisian theatre. 

4. A support for the butt of a lance. 

1855 in OGILVIE Suppl. 1860 HEWITT Ancient Armour 
Suppl. 647 The butt of the lance, .is supported by the piece 
called the queue : this was of iron, and made fast to the 
body-armour by screws. 

5. a. ' The tail-piece of a violin or other instru- 
ment' b. ' The tail of a note 1 (Stainer & Barrett 
Diet. Mus. Terms 1876). 

Queue (kiw), v. [f. prec. sb.] 
1. trans. To put up (the hair) in a queue. Also 
with personal obj. 
1777 W. DALRYMPLE Trav. Sf, $ Port. Ixvi, They came 



not out.. in the morning till their hair was queued. i8ao 
W. IRVING Sketch Bk. II. 385 Their hair generally queued 
in the fashion of the times. 1858 CARLYLE Fredk. Gt. (1872) 



II. iv. viii. 19 While they are combing and queuing him. 
1885 Century Mag. XXIX. 891/2 Some of them clubbed 
and some of them queued their hair. 

St. intr. To move in t in a line of people. 

1803 Westm. Gaz. 31 Jan. 6/3 You queue in, hand your 
card to somebody, pass on. 

t Queu6 a. Her. Obs. rare 1 , [a. OF. qucul* 
cod: L. caudat-uni) f. cauda tail, QUEUE] next. 

1613 PEACHAM Painting 170 The King of Bohemia beares 
Gules, a Lion double Queue. 

Queued (kiwd), a. Htr, Also 7 queved. [f. 
QUEUE si'. + -ED 2 .] Furnished with a tail ; in comb. 
double-queued. 

1688 HOLME Armoury n. 459/2 A Lion double queved and 
crowned. 1727-41 CHAMBERS Cycl. s. v. Queue, If a lion have 
a forked tail, he is blazoned by double-queued. 1868 [see 
QUEUED, i j. 

t Queve, for queue, obs. var. CUE sb2 

1659 H. L'EsTRANGE Alliance Div. Off. 317 They had no 
other queve to direct them, then the loud pronunciation [etc. J. 

|| Quevee, a. Her. [For queute = QUEO a.] 
Tailed, in comb, double quevte (cf. QUEUED). 

1761 Brit. Mag. II. 532 Supporters. Two lions double 
quevee. 1840 H. AINSWORTH Tower of London \ A lion 
rampant, or, double quevee, vert. 

t Queven, v, Obs. rare- 1 . [? Related to ON. 
kvefja (kefja) to put under water.] ? To plunge. 

c 1315 Metr. Horn. 128 Quen Satenas sal Jowes queuen 
{printed quenen j rime heuinj In ouer mirkenes. 

Quever, Quew, obs. forms of QUIVER ., CUE. 

Quey (kw* 1 ). St. and north, dial. Forms: a. 
4 P*wy, 5 qui, 5-6 qwye, 6 quy, 6-7 quye ; 5 
quo, 5-9 quee ; 8- quey; 6 koy, 6-9 quoy, 
9 coy. 0. north. 5-9 why(e, 6 qwhy, 7-8 
whee, whie, 7-9 whey, 9 wy(e, etc. [a. ON. 
kviga (Sw. qviga, Da. kvie), app. f. kii Cow.] 
A young cow before it has had a calf; a heifer. 

a. 1374 Durh. ffalm. Rolls (Surtees) 124, xij slots et 
qwyis. c 1425 Voc. in Wr.-Wiilcker 669/10 Hec juuenca^ 
quee. 1485 Will in Ripon Ch. Acts (Surtees) 277 That 
Elyne Peke have a quye. 1508 DUNBAR Flytingui Beggand 
koy and ox. 1513 DOUGLAS JEneis iv. ii. 19 Ane vniamyt 
jounj* quoy. 1673 Defios. Cast. York (Surtees) 196 A quye 
. .which now pines away. 1725 RAMSAY Gentle Shefih. n. i, 
Ye ..sauld your crummock, and her bassand quey. 1768 
A. Ross Fort. Shepherdess HI, 112 The beef of the new 
slaughter" d quoy. 1818 SCOTT Hrt. Midi, xxxix, If Gowans, 
the brockit cow, has a quey. 1884 STREATFEILD Lincoln 
fy Danes 263 The garthman. .will be proud to show you . . 
the slots and quees. 

ft. 1483 Cath. Angl. 416/1 A Why, buciifa t juutnca. 1565 
Wills <$ Inv. N. C. (Surtees 1835) 230, vj oxen iiij or kye or 
qwhyes. 1614 lm\ in Trans. Cumbld. <$ West m Id, Arch. 
Soc. III. 113, 20 stotts, 5 whies, 14 younger neats. 1726 
Diet. Rust. (ed. 3 l, Whee or Whey, a Word us'd in York. 
shire, for an Heifer. iSoa in Anderson Cumbld. Ball. 23, 
I carried our whye to the bull. 

b. Comb, quey-calf [= ON. kvfaukatfr, Sw. 
qvigkalfi Da. kviekalv], a female calf. 

1568 Wills % Inv. N. C. (Surtees 1835) 293, I gyue vnto. . 
my dowghter one quye calfe. 1575 in R. Welford Hist. 
Newcastle (1885) II. 465 The first whey calf that God sends 



QUIBBLE. 

him. 1715 RAMSAY Gentle S/tef/i. in. ii, Twa quey cawfi 
I'll yearly to them give. iSssSiKHUCNS Ilk. of Farm (ed. 2) 
I. 506/2 The quey-calf occupies the near, and the bull-calf 
the off-side horn. 

Hence Quey ock (nlso 6quiok,7 quoy-,quyaeh, 
9 queyooh, etc.) ; = QUEV. 

1513 DOUGLAS AZneis vm. iv. 76 In the cave . . a quyok 
lowis. 1536 HKLLKNDEN Cron. Scot. (i&2i) I. p. iv, The 
quiokis war nevir'slane quhill they wer with calfe. 1609 
SKENE Reg. Mnj. 2 b, Item for the Serjant, ane colpindach 
^ane quyach, ane 3011113 kow). 

Queyd, var. QUED(.E, bad. Queyere, obs. f. 
CHOIR. Queynose, obs. f. QCINSY. Queynt: 
see QUAINT a., QUENCH v. Queynt-a(u)nce, 
-ise, varr. QUAINTANCE, -ISE. Queyr, obs. f. 
CHOIR sb. t QUEER a. Queyse, var. QUEASE v. 
Queysie, obs. f. QUKASY a. Queythe, var. 
QUETHE v. 

Quezal, var. QUETZAL. Queziness, obs. f. 
QUKASINESS. Quezzen, dial. var. QUEASOM. 

Qull-, an obs., chiefly Scottish, variant of the 
initial combination iuh- (OE. kw-), as in quhan, 
ijtt/iat, quhele, quhete = when, what, wheel, wheat 
(Also quhou, quhow, quhu = how.) The use of 
quh- for original qu- is much rarer, in most cases 
perhaps accidental. See the introductory note on 
the letter Q. 

Qui, obs. form of QCBT, WHT. 

t Quib, sb. Obs. Also 6 -be, 7 -bbe. [App. 
ad. (orig. in pi.) L. quibits, dat. or abl. pi. of qui 
' who, which , as a word of frequent occurrence in 
legal documents and hence associated with the 
' quirks and quillets * of the law. 

For other allusive uses of the L. word, cf. F. quibus money, 
cash ; Du. kwibns fool, weathercock.) 

1. <- QUIBBLE sb. i. 

a 1550 Image Hypocr. in Skelton's Wks. (1843) 11.427 His 
tottes and quottes Be full of blottes: With quibes and 
quaryes Of inventataries. 1591 GREENE Upst. Courtier in 
Hart. Misc. (Math.) II. 232 These lawiers haue..such quibs 
and quiddits, that beggering their clients they purchase to 
themselues whole lordships. 1608 HIERON Defence n. 221 
M. H. answerelh by an unsound reason, two quibbes & two 
authors onely produced. 

2. A gibe, gird, QUIP, rare '. 

1656 BRADFORD Plymouth Plant. 151 M 1 . Weston .. gave 
them this quib (behind their baksK.That though they were 
but yonge justices, yet they wear good beggers. [1736 in 
AINSWORTH ; hence in JOHNSON and later diets.] 

t Quib, v. Obs. rare. [f. prec. sb.] trans, and 
intr. To taunt, gibe (at), QUIP. 

1591 KYD Mnrthtr. I. Brcwm Wks. (1901) 291 When he 
quibd her with vnkindnes..she asked him if he would haue 
her fotsworne. 1608 HIERON Defence n. 323 He goeth on 
& saith..thus quibbing at the Ministers. 

fQuib, adv. Obs. rare 1 . [Cf. prec. sb. and 
vb.] In an affected or punning style. 

1614 B. JONSON Earth. Fair \. i, When a quirk, or a 
quihlin do s scape thee, and thou dost not watch, and ap- 
prehend it, and bring it afore the Constable of conceit (there 
now, I speake quib too). 

Quibble Ckwi-b'l), sb. [? dim. of QUIB.] 

1. A play upon words, a pun. 

1611 L. BARRY Ham Alley in. i, We old men have our 
crotchets, our conundrums, Our Agarics, quirks and quibbles, 
As well as youth. 1711 SHAFTESB. Ckarac. i. 8 2 (1737) I. 
64 All Humour had something of the Quibble. The very 
Language of the Court was Punning. 1779-81 JOHNSON L. 
P., Pope Wks. IV. 156 The opposition of Immortalis and 
Mortalis, is a mere sound, or a mere quibble. 1858 O. W. 
HOLMES Aut. Breakf.-t. xi. 100 Several questions, involving 
a quibble or play upon words. 

2. An equivocation, evasion of the point at issue ; 
an argument depending on some likeness or differ- 
ence between words or their meanings, or on some 
circumstance of no real importance. 

1670 Moral State Eng. 23 An unnatural Antithesis, a forced 
quibble. 1675 BAXTER Cath. Theol. i. m. 41 To answer all 
these fallacies and quibbles, founded in some false supposition 
or ambiguous word. 1768 H. WALPOLE Hist. Doubts 100 
note, Henry was so reduced to make out any title to the 
crown, that he catched even at a quibble. i8ss MACAULAY 
Hist. Eng, xiv. III. 471 To a plain understanding his 
objections seem to be mere quibbles. 1878 LECKY Eag. in 
i8M C. 1. ii. 280 Those advocates of persecution, who would 
stoop to any quibble in their cause. 

fig' '79* MRS. M. ROBINSON Angelina II. 184 His features 
were all quibbles ; for it was impossible to guess what they 
meant for two minutes together. 

b. The use of quibbles, quibbling. 

1710 PALMER Proverbs 100 A liar is upon the reserve, and 
wou'd throw off the odium by quibble and equivocation. 1771 
yunins Lett. IxL 319 You attribute it to an honest zeal in 
behalf of innqcence, oppressed by quibble and chicane. 

3. attrib. and Comb., as quibble-catching, -loving 
adj., -sanctioning adj., -springe. 

1678 RVMER Trag. last Age 4 Much less have I cast 
about for Jests, and gone a quibble-catching. 1802 12 
BENTHAM Ration, yitdic. Evid.tifafiV. 234 A quibble-loving 
lawyer. 18*9 Justice ff Cod. Petit. 115 The quibble- 
sanctioning judge. 1830 MORIARTY Husband Hunter III. 
202 Law pun-traps and quibble-springes. 

Quibble (kwi'b'l), i*. 1 Also 7 quible. [f. 
prec. sb.J 

1 1. intr. To pun, to play on words. Obs. 

a 1629 T. GOFFE Careless Sheph. Prsel. 129 His part has all 
the wit, For none speaks, carps and Quibbles besides him. 
1670 EACHARD Cont. Clergy 130 How the ministers them- 
selves do jingle, quibble, and play the fools with their texts. 



QUIBBLE. 

1711 ADDISON Sfcct. No. 61 p 2 Nothing is more usual than 
to see a Hero weeping and quibbling for a dozen Lines 
together. 1751 CHKSTKKK. Lett. (1792) III. 121 Were I in- 
clined to quibble I would say [etc. ; a pun on air}. 

2. ttitr. To argue in a purely verbal way; to 
evade the real point by a quibble. 

1656 CROMWELL Sp. 17 Sept. in Carlyle, Needlessly to 
mind things that are not essential ; to be quibbling about 
words, 1839 JAMES Louis XIV) II. 83 Mazarin proceeded 
to irritate I)e Retz . . by quibbling upon the words of his 
bargain. 1854 tr. Lu>nar tine's Celebr. C/tar. II. 26, I shall 
not quibble between the titles of King or Protector. 1864 
BOWEN Logic ix. 393 A satirical disputant quibbling about 
the meaning of words. 

b. To wriggle out o/ t to trifle or deal unfairly 
with, by quibbling, rare. 

1842 DICKENS Airier, Notes (1850) 99/1 The simple warriors 
..who only learned .. from white men how to break their 
faith, and quibble out of forms and bonds. 18590. MEREDITH 
R. Fcverel xxxiv, Sensible that she had been quibbled with. 

3. trans, with advbs. : To cheat or bring out of, 
waste or explain away, by quibbling. 

1713 BIRCH Guard. No. 36 p 4 Who ever lost his estate in 
Westminster Hall, but complained that he was quibbled out 
of his right? 1768 BOVER Diet. Royal II. s.v., He en- 
deavoured to quibble away, (to elude,) the sanctity of an 
oath. 1857 TOULMIN SMITH Parish 101 This Act has also, 
in many cases, been quibbled away. 

Qui'bble, z>- 2 Obs. exc. dial. [? Onomatopoeic : 
cf. QUIVER.] intr. To quiver; to shake. 

1726 BAILEV, Quibble, to move as the Guts do. 1886 
ELWORTHY W. Sam. Word-bk. s.v., I be afeard I've a catcht 
a chill, I do quibbly all over. 

Qurbbleism. rare" 1 , [f. QUIBBLE sb. + -ISM!.] 
The practice of quibbling. 

1836 Mew Monthly Mag. XLVI I. 417 The use he may make 
of the most ordinary words for the purposes of quibbleism. 

Quibbler (kwi-bba). [f. QUIBBLE z;. 1 + -KR*.] 
One who quibbles, in senses of the verb. 

a 1680 BUTLER Rent. (1759) II. 206 A Quibbler is a Jugler 
of Words, that shows Tricks with them, to make them . . 
serve two Senses at once, 1737 LAW Demonstr. gross En: 
of late Bk. (1769) 227 If your heart is shut up in death and 
dryness, your reason will be a poor quibbler in words and dead 
images. 1807 Med. Jrnl. XVII. 42 M. C.,. .asall Quibblers 
do, works in words which are not mine. 1883 Law Times 
27 Oct. 231/2 A race of astute quibblers, and not a body of 
scientific lawyers. 

Quibbling (kwi-blig), vbl. sb. [-ING!.] The 
action of the verb QUIBBLE. Also with a and//., 
an instance or specimen of this. 

1628 SHIRLEY Witty Fair One in. ii, I have made a quib- 
bling in praise of her. 1658-9 Burtons Diary (1828) IV. 36 
You say you will bound, and you will not bound. It looks 
like quibbling. 1681 \V. ROBERTSON Phraseol. Gen. (1693) 
487 There's nothing which these disputants will not oppose 
by their niceties ana quibblings. 1831 BLAKEY Free-wilt 172 
The various quibblings, shufflings, reservations, and quali- 
fications, .must be abundantly evident to everyone. 1855 
MACAULAY/^/J^. Eng, xv. III. 514 In spite of this quibbling, 
he was pronounced guilty. 

Quibbling (kwrblirj),///. a. [-INQ2.] That 
quibbles ; characterized by quibbles. 

1657 J. JORDAN Walks Islington n. ii, Pox on your Cobling 
jeasts, you quibling Coxcombe. 1675 BAXTER Cath. Theol. 
ii. ii. 250, I have detected the fraud of their quibling dis- 
tinction. 177* Junius Lett. Ixviii. 353 A cunning quibbling 

to ^(ed. 2) 



attorney might, .discover a flaw. 1875 JOWETT 
I. 266 The quibbling follies of the Sophists. 

Hence Qui'bblingly adv. 

1657 J. SERGEANT Schism Dispach't Post-scr., Their old 
method of talking preachingly, quotingly, and quibblingly. 

Qui'bbly, fl. rare 1 . Of the nature of a quibble. 

1895 Cath. News 28 Dec. 4/3 The arguments small, 
quibbly and lacking of elemental foundation. 

Quibe, variant of QUIB sb. 

Quibib(e, -bibbe, obs. forms of CUBEB. 

tQuibibble, obs. var. QUIBBLE sb. (Cf. next.) 

1606 Choice^ Chance, etc, (1881) 40 You are so full of 
ijuibibbles, that I feare you meane knauery. 

tQuibi'be. Obs. rare- 1 . [?A fanciful ex- 
tension of quibe QUIB ; cf. prec.] = QUIBBLE sb. 2. 

ai$$o Image Hypocr. in Skelton's Wks. (1843) II. 440 
Lawyers and scribes With many quibibes. 

tQuibi'ble. 06s. Also6-byble. [Of obscure 
origin.] ? A pipe or whistle. Alsoyf^. 

a 1529 SKELTON Dk. Albany 389 Your braynes are ydell 
It is time for you to brydell, And pype in a quibyble. 164* 
SHIRLEY Sisters u. i, MoriUIa. I'll try what I can do ! 
[Draws her knife.] Piperollo. Oh ! my quibibles ! 

Quible, -ler, obs. forms of QUIBBLE, -LEB. 

Qniblet (kwi-bli't). Obs. exc. U.S. [f. QUIB or 
QUIBBLE: see -LET.] = QUIBBLED. 

1630 J. TAYLOR (Water P.) Wit f, Mirth Wits. 181/2 A 
quiblet . . Nay, then I cannot blame you to be angry. 1636 
ABP. WILLIAMS Holy Table (1637) 128 This Quiblet is 
grounded upon a mere Errour of the Printer. 1681 T. 
FLATMAN Hcraclitm Kiiiens No. 46 (1713) II. 43, I cannot 
admire the Quiblet of the Influences of a Half-moon. 1890 
BARHERE & LULAND S/aiii? Diet., QniMsls^ (American), a 
kind of witticism much in vogue in negro minstrelsy. 

tQui'blin. O/>s. [f. QUIB or QUIBBLE; cf. 
QUIBBLING.] A pun or quibble ; a trick. 

1605 CHAPMAN, etc. Eastu>. floe in. i, Tis a trick rampant ; 
'lis a very quiblin. 1610 B. JONSUN Alch. iv. vii, 'I 'lik is 
some trick ; Come, leave your quiblins, Dorothee. 1614 
Barth. Fair I. i, When a quirk, or a quiblin do's scape thce. 

Quibling, obs. form of QUIBBLING ///. a. 
Quibyb(e, -byble : see CUBEB, QUIBIBI.E. 
Quic, obs. f. QUICK a. ; see also QUETCH v. 



51 

t Quice. Oi>s. rare. In 5 qwyoe. [Of obscure 
origin.] Only in quice-tree = gorse, whin. 

c 1440 Promp. Parv. 162/1 Fyrrys, or qwyce tre, or gorstys 
tre, ruscus. Ibid. 204/1, 421/1. 

Quice, Quich, variants of QUEEST, QUETCH. 

Quich(e, obs. forms of WHICH. 

Quick (kwik), ., ji.l, and adv. Forms : a. i 
cwio(u), o(w)ucu, cue-, cwyc, 1-2 owuc, (2 
cwuoe), 1-3 cwic, 3 cwioo, ewi(c)k-, 4 kuio, 
kuik ; 3-4 quic, 3-5 quick-, 4 quyc, 5 quyck, 
5-6 quycke, (5 qw-), 5-7 quicke, (5 qw-), 5- 
quick; 3-6 quik, quyk, (5-6 qw-), 4 quiyk-, 
4-5 quikke, quyk(k)e, (5 qw-), 5 quike, quikk, 
(qw-) ; 4-5 quek, 5 qu-, qweke. &. Sc. and 
north. 5 quhyk, qwhick, -ikke, -yke, 5 whik, 
whicke, whyk, 6-9 whick, 9 wick. y. 5 whyt, 7 
whitt. [Coram. Teut. : OE. cwicu, c(w)ucu and 
cwic, c(w}uc-, = OFris. quik, quek (mod.Fris. quick, 
queck), OS. quik (MDu. quic, Du. kwik), OHG. 
quec, quecch- and chec, checch- (MHG. quec, queck- 
and kec, keck-, G. keck lively, pert, bold ; also dial. 
queck, quick}, ON. kvik-r, kvikv- and kyk-r, kykv- 
(MSw.avi&,fve&,Svt.gvic&; Da. kvik,&\sokva'g sb., 
'cattle , and kvxg-, kvik- in combs, as kvxg- or 
kviksancT) : OTeut. *kwikwo-z. The origin of the 
second k is obscure ; it is absent in the Gothic 
*qius (in pi. qiwai) -."kwiwo-s, from the common 
Aryan *g w iwo- which appears in Skr./ftxf, L. vtvus 
(for *gvivus), Lith. gyvas, OSlav. Sivit, Olr. <$/, 
fe> alive, living, Gr. 0ios life. An ablaut-variant 
of the Teut. stem is found in ON. kveikja to kindle.] 
A. nil/. 
I. Characterized by the presence of life. 

1. Living, endowed with life, in contrast to what 
is naturally inanimate. Now dial, or arch. 

<r888 K. ALFRED Boeth. xxxix. 3 |?aette men & ealle 
cwuca wuhta habbaS..andan betwuh him. c 1200 ORMIN 
3691 He batt fedebb enngle}>eod & alle cwike shaffte. c 1300 
St. Brandan 163 As a quic thing hupte up and down. 1387 
TREVISA Higden (Rolls) I. 383 Goddes heste, bat heet be 
erbe brynge forb gras and quyk bestes. 1422 tr. Secreta 
Secret. 208 Sowne of thynges that bene not quycke as the 
Sowne of watyr, & brekynge of trees, thundyr [etc.]. 1523 
FITZHERB. Hush, 102 The bottes .. be quycke, and stycke 
faste in the mawe-syde. i6xz SPEED Hist. Gt. Brit. ix. xiii. 
(1623) 741 They could see no quicke things left but onely 
Owles. 1820 SHELLEY Witch Atl. ix, Where the quick 
heart of the great world doth pant. 1857 E. WAUCH Lane. 
Life 29 There isn't a wick thing i' this world can wortch as 
it should do, if it doesn't heyt [= eat] as it should do. 

f b. Of possessions or property : Consisting of 
animals ; live (stock). Freq. in phrases quick cattle, 
good(s, stock, etc., and hence, by analogy, quick 
beast. Obs. Cf. also OE. cwicsht, -feoh. 

871-89 Charter 45 in Sweet O. E. Texts 451 Ic .. sello 
werburje . . has lond mid cwice erfe & mid earoe. 971 Blickl. 
Horn. 39 pone teoban dael on urum wzestmum & on cwicum 
ceape. 1297 R. GLOUC. (Rolls) 11108 Sir Ion gifiard nom to 
himisquiceijteechon. n,-nE.E. Wills 95 Alle my goodes 
& catelles, bothe quike & dede. 1523 FITZHERB. S-urv. xu. 
(1539) 29 He that hath no quycke good, shall giue his beste 
deed good. 1526 Lane, Wills I. 15, I bequeth ffor my 
mortuarye my best qwyk beast. 1592 WEST ist Pt. Symbol. 
25 Houses and landes and quicke beastes, as sheepe and 
oxen. i49 Bp. HALL Cases Come. ix. (1654) 62 If they be 
quick commodities, as horses, sheep, kine and the like, 1686 
R. P. in Phil. Trans. XX. 383 Houshold-goods . . lost ; 
besides many quick Goods. 1745 W. STOUT A utobiog. (1851) 
ad fin., A public sale of all his quick goods and cattle. 

c. Applied to things properly inanimate in 
various transf. vcfig. uses (cf. II). 

cyx> tr. Bzda's Hist. IV. xx. [xviii.] (1800) 314 He..beaw 
)*es songes cwicre staefne . . sangeras laerde. c gup Lindisf. 



the well of lyfe. 1586 J. HOOKER Hist. Irel. in Holinshed 
II. 101/2 To rush through such quicke iron walles [armed 
Galloglasses]. 1732 POPE Ess. Man I. 234 See ^thro'.. this 
earth All matter quick, and bursting into birth. 1894 
CROCKETT Raiders 13 Young green leaves breaking from 
the quick and breathing earth. 

2. Of persons and animals: In a live state, 
living, alive. Now dial, or arch. 

c 888 K. ^ELFRED Boeth. xxxvi. 7 [Ne] ma Se we mason 
habban deadne mon for cwucone. c xooo Sax. Leechd. I. 
362 WiS miltwrsce, cwices hundes milte abred of. a 1225 
Leg. St. Kath. 63 pe riche reooeren & schep. .brohten to 
lake, be poure cwike briddes. (11300 Cursor M.Z&4S M I 
quik child has bou stoln . . And has bi ded barn laid bi me. 
1362 LANCL. f. PI. A. 11. 14 Ther nis no qweene qweyntore 
that quik is alyue. c 1450 Two Caokcry-bks. 11. 99 1 ake 
a quyk lamprey, And lete him blode at be nauell. a 1329 
SKELTON Elynoiir Rummyng 431 A cantell of Bssex 
chese . . well a fote thycke, Full of maggottes quycke. 1584 
R. SCOT Discov. Wilchcr. v. vi. (1886) 81 marg., To hold 
a quick eele by the taile. a l6l FULLER Worthies (1840) 
I. v. 212 Not the quick but dead worthies properly pertain 
to my pen. 1790 MRS. WHEELF.R WatmU. Dial. (1821) 08 
Worthor giants alive? Mary. Nay, nay, .. they er net 
whick I racken. 1873 Spectator 23 Aug. 1069/1 Q<< 
animals, to use a Yorkshire phrase, are sold here. 1875 
Sussex Glass, s.v., I thought at first that sheep was dead, 
but I found it was quick still. . 

b. Freq. as complement to the subject of mtr. 



QUICK. 

and pass, verbs, or to the object (rarely subj.) of 
trans, verbs ; sometimes with intensive all prefixed. 

825 Vesp. Psalter cxxiii. 3 Cwice forswel^aS usic. 971 
Blickl. Horn. IQI He woldan-.bonecaserecwicenne forbacrnan. 
c 1122 O. E. Chron. (Laud MS.) an. 1009 pat he Wulfnoo" 
cuconne o6oe deadne be^ytan sceolde. c 1200 ORMIN 1364 An 
bucc rann bzr awc all cwice. 1297 R. GLOUC. (Rolls) 4166 
Some he mid strencpe nom & al quic nom vret. 13 ,. Evang. 
Nicod. 1082 in Herrig Archiv LIU. 411 Ely be prophete . . 
whik to heuen yhede. c 1400 Rom. Rose 4070 Al quik 
I wolde be dolven depe. c 1450 Mirour Saluacionn 737 But 
offred hire vnto godde to serue hym qwhikke swetlye. a 1533 
LD. BEKNERS Huoti xlvii. 159 Y lechour.-shalbe flaynepjl 
quycke. 1632 LITHGOW Trav. I. 37 There was a gray Frier 
burning quicke at S. Markes pillar. 1678 R. L'ESTRANGE 
Seneca s Mor. (1702) 246 Privacy, without Letters, is but 
the Burying of a Man Quick. 1708 I. PHILIPS Cyder i. 12 
Ingulft By the wide yawning Earth, to Stygian Shades 
Went quick. 

t c. Of the flesh or parts of the body. Obs. 

a 1225 Ancr. R. 112 So pet flesch is cwickure, so be pine 
berof & bet hurt is more & sarre. Ibid., His fleschs were 
tendrust & cwickest of alle vlesches. 1382 WVCLIF Lev. 
xiii. 15 If the quyk flesh is spreynt with lepre, it is vnclene. 
(-1420 Chron. vilod. 2624 A lyuyng mone,V hadde be lette 
blode in a quyke veyne. 1513 DOUGLAS &neis vtn. viii. 69 
Quhill quyk mouthis dyd deyd moulhis kys. 1527 L. ANDREW 
tr. jf. Bntnswyke's Distyl. Waters C ii, The lame lyimm-s 
and membres . . become quycke agayne. 1603 FLORIO tr. 
Montaigne II. iii. (1807) III. 51 To cut and slice great 
mammocks of their quicke flesh. 1649 DRUMM. OF HAWTH. 
Poems Wks. (1711) 1/2 My wasted heart, Made quick by 
death, more lively still remains. 

d. transf. and jig., chiefly of qualities, feelings, 
etc. (cf. II). 

c 1200 Trin. Coll. Horn. 171 po unbileffule men be bi here 
quica Hue here sunnes ne forleten. 1380 WVCLIF Wks. 
(1880) 369 pai suffre not criste to be alyue in be sowlis of 
his peple bi qwike faythe. 1547 Hotnilies i. Faith i. (1640) 

2 As the other vaine faith is called a dead faith, so may 



POPE Dune. I. 59 Hints, like spawn, scarce quick in embryo 
He. 1895 I. ZANGWILL The blaster n. vii. 213 Not only . . 
the glamour of the dead past, but the poetry of the quick. 

3. Of plants or their parts : Alive, growing. See 
also QUICKWOOD. 

c 1000 Ags. Ps. (Th.) ciii. 16 Cwice cederbeamas. c 1200 
ORMIN 10002 pe}} waerenn o be treo All cwike & grene 
bo}hess. 1552 HULOET, Arboure or place made with quicke 
springes. 1577 Nottinghai Kec. IV. 168 Dressyng of the 
hedge of quycke grose. 1626 BACON Sylva 514 Dividing 
a Quick-Tree downe to the Ground. 1647-8 COTTERELL 
Dtivila's Hist. Fr. (1678) 27 If there be any quick roots left, 
which may send forth new sprouts. 1802 W. FORSVTH Fruit 
Trees (1824) 214 If any of the old dead snags remain they 
should be cut off close to the quick wood. 

b. Composed of living plants, esp. hawthorn, as 
quick fence, \frith, hedge (cf. Du. kwikhaag), 
mound. Cf. QUICKSET. 

1467 Bury Wills (Camden) 45 The qwyk heige set frame 
the gate on to the hall doore. 1563 HVLL A rt Garden. ( 1 593) 
7 A quick hedge, which we cal a quickset hedge. itfaMS. 
Ace. St. John's Hasp., Canterb., To enclose the vij acres 
of land . . wyth a quyk fryth. 1627 F. LITTLE Man. Chr. 
Munif. (1871) 93 They fenced it with a quick mound. 16*9 
WORLIDGE Syst. Ayic. (1681) rs A thousand Acres of Land 
divided with good Quick-fences. 1719 DE FOE Crusoe i. viii, 
A quick or fiving hedge. 1804 J. T. FOWLER Adamnan 
Introd. 38 On the top a palisade and quick hedge. 

4. Const, with. 

a. Quick with child, said of a female in the stage 
of pregnancy at which the motion of the foetus is 
felt. Now rare or Obs. 
(This use has app. arisen by inversion of the phr. with 



.ay, that E. L. is not pregnant with quick Child.) 

CUSP LONELICH Merlin 826 (Kolbing) This good man 
sawh, that sche Qwyk with childe was. i3 Ftsttrall 
(W. de W. 1515) 106 Thenne conceyued Elyzabeth and 
whan she was quycke w' chylde [etc.]. 1616 R. C. Times 
Whistle iii. 1163 His vnckles wife surviues, purchance Left 
quick with childe. 1678 LADY CHAWORTH in i2//< Rep. 
Hist. MSS. Cai/im. App. V. 51 Sister Salisbery and sister 
Ansley [are] both quicke with child. 1774 GOLDSM. Nat. 
Hist. (1776) II. 43 Women . . quick with child, as their ex- 
pression is, at the end of two months. 

fig. 1870 LOWELL Ammg my Bks. Ser. i. 238 Puritanism, 
believing itself quick with the seed of religious liberty, laid, 
without Knowing it, the egg of democracy, 
t b. absol. in same sense. Obs. 

1588 SHAKS. L. L. L. v. ii. 687 Then shall Hector be 
whipt for laquenetta that is quicke by him. 1647 I] 
Coliim. Koni.ix. n Acknowledging .. her issue for their 
Prince, before she as yet had felt her self quick. 
c. Alive, instinct with (life, soul, feeling, etc.;. 

In some cases prob. associated with sense 10. 

1837 DISRAELI Venetia iv. iv, That languid form quick with 
excitement. 1839 BAILEY Festus xxiu. (1852) 4;& Thy 
palpitating piles of ruin. .quick With soul immortal. 1873 
hixoN TwoQxeens I. i. ix. 63 I" Barcelona everyone was 
quick with rage. 1883 A. E. HAKE Slory Chinese Cordon 
xii. (1884) 294 To give peace to a country quick with war. 

II. Of things: Having some specific quality 
characteristic or suggestive of a living thing. 

* In a sound or natural condition ; fresh ; pro- 
ductive. 

1 5. Of the complexion : Having the freshness of 
life. Obs. rare. 

a. i3i$ A ncr. K. 332 pe cwike rude of be nebbe makeS to 

7-3 




QUICK. 

understonden bet te soule bet. .nefde bute dead heou, haueO 
ikeiht cwic heou. 1423 tr. Secreta Secret. 223 The [fifth 
token] Is that a man haue quyke coloure. 1656 [see QUICK- 
NESS 2], 0x693 AUBREY Lives (1898) I. 60 (W. Aubrey) 
He had a delicate, quick, lively .. complexion. 

f6. Of things seen: Lifelike, vivid. Obs. rare. 

13. . E. E. A Hit. P. A. 1179 Fro alle bo sy^tez so quyker 
[Iread quyke] & queme. c 1450 tr. De Imitations I. xviii. 
19 Beholde e quicke ensamples of olde fadres. 1533 
BELLENDEN Livy Prol. (1901) 4 Of awfull batallis, .. 3 may 
fynd here, . . Als quyk as bai war led afore jour Ee. 

f 7. a. Of rock : Natural, * living '. b. Of earth : 
(see quot. 1620). Obs. 

C *47S Partenay 1125 Vppon the quicke Roche thay it 
sett tho. Ibid. 4352 A caue.. Within the quike roche. 
1620 MARKHAM Farew. Hush. n. ii. (1668) 7 You shall be 
sure to raise up the quick earth which had not been stirred 
up with the Plough before. 

8. a. Mining. Of veins, etc. : Containing ore, 
productive. (Cf. DEAD a. 10.) 

1676 J. BEAUMONT in Phil. Trans. XI. 735 Subterraneous 
Vaults or Grotto' $ t whereof some . . are said by our Miners 
to be quick, haying often oar in them. 1747 HOOSON 
Miner's Diet. Q ij b, Veins, Serins, Pipes, &c. if they bear 
any Ore, are called Quick ; and such as have no Ore, go by 
the Names of Dead Veins. 1881 in RAYMOND Mining Gloss, 
b. Of stock, capital, etc. : Productive of interest 
or profit. 

1701 LUTTRELL Brief R el. (1857) V. i The quick stock of 
both companies shal be paid for discharge of their debts. 
1711 KEN Christojfhil Poet. Wks. 1721 I. 423, 1. .spent on 
the Quick-stock which I could never drain. 1818 JAS. MII.I, 
Brit. India 1. 1. v. 81 The estimate which was formed of 
their quick and dead stock. 1891 Pall Mall G. 19 Nov. 7/1 
The quick assets [of the American Cotton Oil Trust] .. 
amounted on August 31 last to 5,928,338 dots. 
** Possessed of motion. 

9. Of wells, springs, streams, or water: Running, 
flowing. (Cf. OE. cwiewtlle adj.) Now rare* 

t- 1000 Ags. Ps. (Th.) cxiii. 8 He. .clifu cyrreS on cwicu.. 
waeteres wellan. c izso Bestiary 34 1 Bihoue5 us to rennen 
to cristes quike welle. 1340 Ayenb. 98 To lhade of be zeue 
streames be quikke weteres. c 1375 Sc. Leg. Saints xxxiii. 
(George) 319 In be mydis J>e altere a quyk wel sprang. 
c 1430 LYDG. Com6l. Bl. Knt. xi, A litel welle, That had his 
cours .. with quikke stremes colde. 1600 HOLLAND Livy 
XLH. liv. 1 147 The place is . . watered also with many quicke 
and running springs. 1677 EVELYN Diary (1827) II. 425 
Whose house stands inviron'd with very sweete and quick 
streams. ^1710 CELIA FIENNES Diary (1888) 289 Its not 
a quick spring and very often is dranke drye. 1816 BYRON 
Parisina xx, The living stream lies quick below, And flows, 
and cannot cease to flow. 1889 PATER G. de Latour 75 
Gently winding valleys, with clear, quick water. 

10. Of soil, etc. : Mobile, shifting, readily yield- 
ing to pressure. Now rare. Cf. QUICKSAND. 

a 1340 HAMPOLE Psalter i. i As he b* gas on qwik grauel 
bat eers him synk b l standis bar on. 155* HULOET, 
Quycke sandes or shelues, syrtes. x6oa CAREW Cornwall 
8 b, The quicke ground (as they call it) that mooued 
with the floud. 1696 Phil. Trans. XIX. 352 Great 
Freshes . . make the Sands Shift, and consequently Quick. 
1771 SMOLLETT Humph. Cl. 12 Sept., The Solway sands,. . 
as the tide makes, . . become quick in different places. 1890 
EMERSON Wild Life 58, I pulled my legs out of the soft 
ooze, and was soon across the patch of quick ground. 
*** Having some form of activity or energy. 

11. f a. Of coals : Live, burning. Obs. 

c 1000 Sax. Leechd. II. 224 Do to fyre on croccan, ofer 
wylle on godum gledum clanum & cwicum. 1340 Ayenb. 
205 A quic col berninde ope ane hyeape of dyade coles. 
c 1400 MAUtfpCV. (Roxb.) xxxi. 142 If a man . .couer be coles 
beroff with aschez, bai will bald in quikk a twelfmonth. 

-_,&._. v ... 



1657 TRAPP Comm. Ps. cxx. 4 Juniper . . maketh a very 
scorching fire, and quick coals, such as last long. 1764 
HARMER Observ. iii. 118 They. .put it into an oven upon 
the quick coals. 

b. Of fire or flames : Burning strongly or briskly. 
Also of an oven : Exposed to a brisk fire. 

c 1374 CHAUCER Boeth. iv. pr. vi. 104 (Camb. MS.) A ryht 
lyfly and quyk fyre of thpwht, 1604 E. G[KIMSTONE] 
D'Acosta's hist. Indies II. vii. 96 If it [the fire] bee quicke 
and violent, it doth greatly evaporate the quick-silver. 
16x4 QUARLES Stan's Satin, xx. 19 Thy breath . . incends 
quicke flames, where Ember'd sparkes but shine. 1708 
J. C Compl. Collier (1845) 16 It makes a hot quick Fire. 
1769 MRS. RAFFALD Eng. Housekpr. (1778) 4 Bake it in 
a quick oven three hours. i8ai SHELLEY Prometk. Unb. 
III. i. 38 God ! Spare rrte ! I sustain not the quick flames. 
1863 READE Hard Cask xiv, You will cook your own 
goose by a quick fire. 

f!2. Of speech, writings, etc. : Lively, full of 



:igge : 

quicke scele o)Ter aperte miracle. ^1386 CHAUCER Prol. 
306 That [speech] was . . short and quyk, and ful of hy 
sentence, c 1400 Apol. Loll. 8 Ajen swilk feynid . .indulgens, 
howij> a feibful prest to multiply quek resouns. 1531 
ELVOT Gov. i. x, Some quicke and mery dialoges elect out 
of Luciane. 1589 PUTTENHAM Eng. Poesie I. xxviii. (Arb.) 
70 An inscription.. in few verses, pithie, quicke and senten- 
tious. i6as GILL Sacr. Philos. Pref., Though his writings 
be easie and quicke, yet his matiers are scattered. 

1 13. Of places or times : Full of activity or 
business ; busy. Of trade : Brisk. Obs. 

c 1386 CHAUCER Frankl. T. 774 Amyd the toun, right in 
the quyke strete. 1538 LELAND Itiii. I. 8 A good quik 
Market Toune. 1641 BEST Farm. Bks- (Surtees) 102 The 
kinge beinge there, the markets were very quicke. ft 1661 
FULLER Worthies (1840) II. 190 He called Manchester the 
fairest and quickest town in this county, a 1687 PETTY 



52 

Pol. Arith. (1690) 18 Some where or other in the World, 
Trade is always quick enough. 1726-46 THOMSON Winter 
779 Pure, quick, and sportful is the wholesome day. 

(14. Of sulphur: Keadilyinflammable, fiery. Obs. 

c 1530 Hickscorner in Had. Dodsley I. 179 He asked for 
a mouthful of quick brimstone. 1559 MORWYNG Evany tn. 
323, ij unces of bothe kindes of Sulphur or brimstone, that 
is of the quik and dead. 1590 SPENSER /'. Q. i. vii. 13 That 
divelish yron Engin,..With windy Nitre and quick Sulphur 
fraught. 1661 LOVELL Hist. Anim. $ Mitt. 107 Honey, 
nitre, . . and quick brimstone, reduced unto the consistence 
of honey. 

1 15. Of wine and other liquors : Brisk, effer- 
vescent. Obs. 

i6zo VENNER Via. Recta ii, 25 A pure and quicke wine. 
1677 YARRANTON Eng. Iniprov. 122 As the different heat of 
the Climate is, so the Liquor shall ripen and grow quick 
and fit to drink. 1730-46 THOMSON Autumn 706 The 
mellow-tasted burgundy; and, quick As is the wit it gives, 
the gay champagne. 

**** Producing a strong effect on the senses or 
mind. 

16. fa. Of the voice: Loud, clear. Obs. rare"*, 
c 1105 LAY. 12306 Heo ..him to cleopeden quickere stseuene 

[c 1275 mid swife loude stemne]. 

b. Of colour : Vivid, bright, dazzling, rare. 
1664 POWER Exp. Pkilos. i. 13 Eyes. .of a very quick and 
lively transparency or fulgour. 1851 G. MEREDITH Ltnv 
in the Valley xx, Stain are the poppies that shot their 
random scarlet Quick amid the wheatears. 

17. Of feelings : Lively, vivid, keen, strongly felt. 
1449 PECOCK Kepr. n. viii. 183 Quyk and feruent and .. 

deuout remembraunce. 1551 ROBINSON tr. Mare's Utofi. n. 
ix. (1895) 284 Onles they, by quycke repentaunce approue 
the amendement of their lyffes. 1665 GLANVILL Def. 
Vain Dogtn. 75, I have still a quick resentment of the 
Vanity of Confiding in Opinions. 1710 STEELE Tatter No. 
196 F 5 These have in their several Stations a quick Relish 
of the exquisite Pleasure of doing Good. 175* CHESTERF. 
Lett. (1792) III. 254 The scene of quick and lively pleasures, 
1839 BAILEY Festus viii. (1848) 87 Firestranded, rolling in 
quick agony. 

18. fa. Of a taste or smell : Sharp, pungent ; 
brisk. Also of things iu respect of taste or smell 

(cf. 15). Obs. 

1573 Treas, Hid. Secrets xlHi, If white Saunders. .be old, 
and have no pleasant and quicke odour, they are nothing 
worth. 1578 LYTE Dodoens v. xx. 574 These two Purce- 
laynes are., of a sharps or quicke taste. 1641 FRENCH 
Distill, v. (1651) 126 It will tast as quick as bottle beer that 
is a fortnight old. 1670 NARBOROUGH JmL in Ace. Sev. 
Late Voy, (1694) i. 68 This Rind . . is hotter than Pepper and 
more quicker. 1758 REID tr. Macquer's Chynt. I. 33 Its 
smell is.. extremely quick and suffocating when it smokes. 
1797 Encycl. Brit. (ed. 3) I. 625/2 Their smell is quick and 
penetrating, their taste pungent. 

fb. Of speech or writing : Sharp, caustic. Obs. 
1580 LYLY Enphues (Arb.) 280 A quicke aunswere that 
might cut him. 1589 NASHE Pref. Greene's Menafhon 
(Arb.) 9 In Scholler-like matters of controuersie, a quicker 
stile may pass as commendable. 1616 BULLOKAR Eng . Expos. t 
QitippC) a quicke checke, a pretty taunt. 1685 Roxb, Bali. 
IV. 284 These quirks are too quick, you do put on me. 
1748 JOHNSON Van. Hum. Wishes 62 ^How wouldst thou 
. .Dart the quick taunt, and edge the piercing gibe? 

C. Of air or light : Sharp, piercing, rare. 
1608 SHAKS. Per. iv. i. 28 The air is quick there, And it 
pierces and sharpens the stomach. 1818 KEATS Endym. n. 
918 Other light, Though it be quick and sharp enough to 
blight The Olympian eagle's vision, is dark. 

f* d. Of what causes pain. Obs. rare~~ l . 
a 1716 SOUTH Serm. (1744) II. 27 The punishment of the 
Cross Is . . the quickest and the most acute. 

III. Having in a high degree the vigour or 
energy characteristic of life, and hence distinguished 
by, or capable of, prompt or rapid action or move- 
ment. 

19. Of persons (or animals) : Full of vigour, 
energy, or activity (now rare] ; prompt or ready 
to act ; acting, or able to act, with speed or rapidity 
(freq. with suggestion or implication of sense 23). 

13. . E. E. Allit. P. B. 624 He. .Comaunded hir to be cof 
and quyk at pis one;, c 1330 R. BRUNNE Chron. Wace 
(Rolls) 16372 Jtey smette to-gedere so bitterlyke, J>at cyber 
side fond ober quyke. 1434 MISYN Mending Life 118 So 
bat qwen ba rise to pray, ba be qwhickar pen pai before 
were. (1440 Promp. Parv. 421/1 Quykj or lyvely, or de- 
lyvyr, vivax, 1535 COVERDALE Ezra vii. 6 Ezdras . . was 
a quycke scrybe in the jawe of Moses, n 1548 HALL Chron., 
Hen. flf 32 b, This king was ..formally compact, quicke 
and deliver and of a stout courage. 1611 BIBLK Ecclns. 
xxxi. 22 In all thy workes bee quicke. a 1715 BURNET Own 
Time in. (1724) I. 382 Seimour..was a graceful man, bold 
and quick. 1816 BYRON (,'/;. Har. in. xiij, Quiet to quick 
bosoms is a hell. 1833 TENNYSON Rosalind ii, The quick 
lark's closest-caroll'd strains. 

b. Of qualities in a person (or animal). 

4:1380 WYCLIF Serm. Set Wks. I. 109 Crist fastide fourty 
daies . . and he was in quyke age, and listide wel to ete. 
1535 STEWART Chron. Scot. I. 12 Thair curage .. that tyme 
wessoquik. c 1580 SIDNEY Ps. xxxm. xi,Of quick strength 
is an horse, a 1661 FULLER Worthies (1840) II. 536 He was 
a good patriot, of a quick and clear spirit. 1733 NEAL 
Hist. Purft. I. 342 He was a little man, of a quick 
spirit. 1819 SHELLEY Cenci i. iii. 173 The resolution of 
quick youth Within my veins. 

c. Of things (material and immaterial). 

1545 ASCHAM Toxoph. n. (Arb.) 117 So that he [a. bow] be 
, . quycke and spedye ynoughe for farre castynge. 1551 
ROBINSON tr. Morels Utop, n. iv. (1895) 149 They., finde 
spedy and quicke remedies for present fautes. 1592 SHAKS. 
Rom. <y Jut. v. iii. 120 O true Appothecary : Thy drugs 
are quicke. 1699 Pennsylvania Arch. I. 127, I am obliged 
for thy quick Care about ye Wine. 1820 SHELLEY Vision 




QUICK. 

of Sea 30 A lead-coloured fog . . Whose breath was quick 
pestilence. 1883 GRESLEY Gloss. Coal-mining s. v., Blasting 
powder is said to be quick when it burns or goes off very 
rapidly. 

20. Of the eye, ear, etc. : Keen or rapid in its 
function; capable of ready or swift perception. 

c 1420 Pallad. on Husb. viu. 126 Digestioun hit macth 
and eyon quyk. 01450 Knt. de la Tour (1868) 18 She., 
hadd a quicke yeej and a light. 1590 SPENSER F.Q,\. ii. 26 
Busying his quicke eies her face to view, a 1661 FULLER 
Worthies (1840) III. 104 They have a quicker palate than 

I, who can make any such discovery. 1778 JOHNSON L. /*., 
Milton Wks. I. 140 His eyes .. must have been once quic 1 
1818 SHELLEY Rosal. fy Helen 1212 The same lady ,.Wi 
silver locks and quick brown eyes. 1864 Cornk. Mag. 

655 The quick ear of Midwinter detected something wrong 
in the tone of Mr. Brock's voice. 

b. So of the senses, perception, feeling, etc. 
a 1548 HALL Chron. t Hen. VJ 130 The kynges counsaill, 
whiche did not with quicke sight, forese .. thynges for to 
come. 1604 E. G[RIMSTONE] D'Acosta's Hist. Indies iv. 
xxxvii. 309 Those [birds], .have a very quicke sight. 1849 
MACAULAY Hist. Eng. v. I. 618 Several dogs of quick scent 
were turned out. 1870 ROCK Text. Fabr. Introd. 87 Women 
being gifted with such quick feeling of linger. 

21. Mentally active or vigorous ; of ready appre- 
hension or wit ; prompt to learn, think, invent, etc. 

1484 CAXTON Fables ofPoge xii, Two prestes . . of whome 
that one was quyck and coude putte hym self forth. 1551 
ROBINSON tr. More's Utop. n. vi. (1895) 212 The people be 
gentle, merye, quycke, and fyne wytted. 1606 SHAKS. Ant. 
4- Cl. v. ii. 216 The quicke Comedians Extemporally will 
stage vs. 1640 BP. REYNOLDS Passions xiii. 121 Another by 
nature quicke and of noble intellectuals wholly applyeth 
himselfe unto it [learning]. 179* Ld. Auckland's Corr.(\%pi) 

I 1. 410 He is a quick, sensible man. 1847 TENNYSON Princ. 
Prol. 137, 1 would teach them all that men are taught; We 
are twice as quick. 

b. So of mind, wit, etc., and of qualities or opera- 
tions (cf. 25) of the mind. 

c 900 tr. Bzda's Hist. v. x vii. [xix. ] (i 890) 452 He }>a. cwices 
modes jeornlice leornade ba bing. 1526 Pilgr. Perf. (W. 
de W. 1531) 8 In theyr owne pregnaunt and quycke wytte and 
reason. 1589 PUTTENHAM Eng. Poesie in. xvii. (Arb.) 196 
Synecdoche,, .because it seemeth to aske a good, quick, and 
pregnant capacitie,. .1 chose to call him the figure.. of quick 
conceite. 1651 HOBBES Leviatk. i. xiii. 60 One man . . of 
quicker mind then another, a 1715 BURNET Own Time in. 
( 1724) I. 354 Lord Sunderland was a man of. . a quick decision 
in business. 1785 PALEY Mor. Philos. (1818) I. 361 At our 
public schools .. quick parts are cultivated, slow ones are 
neglected. 1804 Ann. Rev. II. 79/1 The author is evidently 
a man of quick observation and lively fancy. 1855 MACAULAY 
Hist. Eng. xix. IV. 310 Queen Mary.. had naturally a quick 
perception of what was excellent in art. 

22. Hasty, impatient, hot-tempered. ? Obs. 

1549 LATIMER 6th Serm. bef. Edw. VI (Arb.) 172 The 
Byshop was some what quicke wyth theym, and signified 
that he was muche offended. 1588 SHAKS. L. L. L. n. i. 
118 You must not be so quicke. 1628 FORD Lover's Mel. 
n. i, Are you so quick? Well, I may chance to cross Your 
peevishness. 

b. So of temper, disposition, etc. 

1837 DISRAELI Venetia \. viii, The expressions of a quick 
and offended temper. 1 1850 Arab. Nts. (Rtldg.) 89 The 
quick and violent disposition of his master. 

23. Moving, or able to move, with speed. 

c 1450 Cov. Myst. xxx. (Shaks. Soc.) 298, I am as whyt 
[= whyk] as thought. aiSpgSKELTQti fyrtoi(r Rummyng 
337 Her tonge was verye quycke, But she spake somwhat 
thycke. 1599 SHAKS. Hen. K, v. i. 91 lie. .something leane 
to Cut-purse of quicke hand. 1605 Lear iv. vii. 35 The 
most terrible and nimble stroke Of quick, cross lightning. 
1730-46 THOMSON Autumn 526 The quick dice .. leaping 
from the box. iSax SHELLEY Epipsych. 532 The young 
stars glance Between the quick bats in their twilight dance. 
1861 THORNBURY Brit. Artists I. 247 The quick lizard is 
already out. 

24. Of movement or succession : Rapid, swift. 
1297 R. GLOUC. (Rolls) 4544 He sywede after be traytour 

mid wel quic pas. 1602 T. MIDDLETON in Shaks. Cent, of 
Praise (1879) 51 To keep quick time unto the owl. 1610 
SHAKS. Temp. iv. i. 39 Incite them to quicke motion. 1632 
LITHGOW Trav. vi. 298 The Dromidory hath a quicke 
and hard-reaching trot. 1655 STANLEY Hist. Philos. i. 
(1701) 63/2 The Body, which is continually in quick motion, 
is., called sether. 1759 JOHNSON Kasselas vi, There may be 
danger of too quick descent. 1771 yunitts Lett. lix. 310 
There is a quick succession of subjects. 1860 TYNDALL 
Glac. n. xxvu. 384 The quicker flow of the centre causes 
this structure to bend. 

25. Of an action, occurrence, process, etc. : That 
is done, happens, or takes place, rapidly or with 
speed ; esp. that is over within a short space of 
time; that is soon finished or completed. 

a 1548 HALL C/tren., Hen. VI 169 And therfore willed her 
in so quicke a mischief, to provide a hasty remedy. 1591 
SHAKS. i Hen. K/, v. iii. 8 This speedy and quicke appear- 
ance argues proofe Of your accustom'd diligence. 1607 
Tiinon i. i. 91 Morall Paintings . . That shall demonstrate 
these quicke blows of Fortune. 1634 MILTON Conins 284 
They, .purpos'd quick return. Ibid, 841 She. .underwent a 
quick immortal change. 1664 MARVELL Corr. Wks. 1872-5 



quic immortal change. 1664 MA 

II. 151 Give me a quick dispatch one way or other, 



872-5 

. a 1756 

MRS. HEVWOOD New Present (1771) 263 A quick Way 
to take Grease out of Woollen Cloth. 1819 SHELLEY Mask 
of Anarchy Ixxv, With a quick and startling sound. i8 
Proweth, Unb. in. iii. 135 It feeds the quick growth of the 
serpent vine. 1821 Epipsych. 547 The pebble-paven shore, 
Under the quick, faint kisses of the sea Trembles. 1854 
RONALDS & RICHARDSON Chem, Technol. (ed. 2) I. 343 A 
quick process of distillation. 

t 26. Of steel : Breaking readily ; brittle. Obs. 

1677 MOXON Mech. Exerc. 55 The Spanish Steel .. is too 
quick (as Workmen call it) that is, too brittle for Springs or 
Punches, 



QUICK. 

27. Of a curve, turn, etc. : Sharp. 

1725 W. HALFPENNY Sound Building 9 If the Arch is 
equired to be quicker or flatter on the Hanse. 1793 
"MEATON Edystone L. 81 A much quicker curve, or sweep 
r a less Radius. 1858 Skyring's Builders' Prices (ed. 48) 
' Mouldings, .circular on plan, .quick sweep. 
fig* 1732 POPE Ep. Cobham 64 Tho' strong the bent, yet 
nek the turns of mind. 1781 CowPER^CVmnVy 544 The 
irns are quick, the polished points surprise. 

28. With constructions : 

a. with to and infra. 

1297 R. GLOUC. (Rolls) 9327 Slou to fijte & qujc to fie 
& bat nis no manhede. 1584 LYLY Campaspe ii. ii, A wit 
apt to conceive, and quick to answer. 1593 SHAKS. Rich. //, 
H. i. 234 Quicke is mine eare to heare of good towards him. 
1808 SCOTT Marnt. \\. Introd. 95 The widow's deafen 'd ear 
Grows quick that lady's step to hear. 1870 CHURCH Spenser 
139 Those who. .are quick to respond to English manliness 
and tenderness. 

b. with in, 

<i449 PECOCK Kefir, n. xvi. 243 Summe othere . . weren 
quycker in natural witt and waxiden better philsophiris. 
1551 ROBINSON tr. M ore's Utop. n, vi. (1895) 218 The wyttes 
therefore of the Vtopians . . be maruelous quycke in the 
inuentyon of feates. 1588 SHAKS. L. L. L. \. ii. 31, 1 do say 
thou art quick in answers. 1642 FULLER Holy <fr Prof. St. 
II. i. 51 Others that are so quick in searching, seldome 
search to the quick. 1837 MARRYAT Perdval Keens xii, 
He's not very quick in temper. 1882 J. H. BLUNT Ref. Ch. 
Eng. II. 190 So quick was justice in overtaking the rebels. 
C. with of. 

1560 HOLLAND Crt. Venus Prol. 27 Quik of Ingyne, of 
Lordschipcouetous. i57jTus_SER Husb. (1878) 173 Launders 
and millers be quick of their toll. 1607-12 BACON Ess. t 
Death (Arb.) 384 The most vitall partes are not the quickest 
of sence. (21626 BP. ANDREWES Serm. (1841) IV. 43 More 
quick of touch than the rest. 1840 DICKENS Barn. Rudge 
x, He is quick of foot. 1859 TENNYSON Elaine 1198 It may 
be, I am quicker of belief. 
d. with at, for, unto. 

1590 SHAKS. Mids. N. in. ii. 342 Your hands then mine, 
are quicker fora fray. 1640 A. MELVILLE Comttion.pl. Bk. 
(1899) 18 Quhick at meitt, quhick at work. 1850 TENNYSON 
In Mem, xxxiii, Her hands are quicker unto good. 

IV. 29. Combs., chiefly parasynthetic adjs., as 
quick-answered, -bom, -chapt, -eared, -handed, 
^hearted, -nosed, -paced, -scented ', ( -sensedness) , 
-shod, -spirited, ( \-spr ighted} , -tempered^ thoughted^ 
voiced, -winged. Also QUICK-EYED, -SIGHTED, 

-WITTED. 

x6n SHAKS. Cymb. in. iv. 161 Ready in gybes, *quicke- 
answer'd, sawcie. a 1300 Cursor M. 28547 j>at *q_uikborne 
child i haue fprdon. 1824 BYRON Def. Transf. \. ii. Si His 
own twin, quickborn of the same womb. 1598 E. GILPIN 
Skial. (1878) 50 Here his wife's bated by some "quick-chapt 
youth. 1771 MRS. GRIFFITH Hist. Lady Barton I. 118 
They are..*<^uick-eared as the mole. 1847 JAMES J. Mar* 
ston Hall vii, You are a good, *quick-handed boy. 1820 
L. HUNT Indicator No. 29 (1822) I. 231 Ending with that 
simple, *quick-hearted line. 1561 T. NORTON Calvin's Inst. 
i. 40 Many *quicknosed men do laugh at this. 1607 TOP* 
SELL Four-/. Beasts (\6$%) i u Dogs.. are called sharp.. and 
quick-nosed. 1590 R. HARVEY PI. Perc. A ij b, Being 
*quicksented [I] thrust forward on the trale. 1647 SANDER- 
SON Serm. \\. 216 So quick-scented where there is a likeli- 
hood of gain. 1656 W. D. tr. Comenius* Gate Lat. Unl. 
149 The sagacitie or *quick -sensed ness of reason. 1645 
City Alarum 23 If the Souldier be *quickshod with this 
metlall [etc.]. 155* HULOET, *Quycke spirited, and quycke 
of spirite. a 1653 GOUGE Comm. Heb. iv. 12 iTiat is 
said to be 'quick' .. which is active.. as.. quick-spirited. 



"quick-tempered ! 1782 
Expostulation 316 Laborious and *quick-thoughted man. 
1820 KEATS Hyperion \. 149 Thus she *quick-voiced spake. 
1833 MRS. BROWNING Prometh. Bound Wks. 1850 I. 152 
On the back of the *quick-winged bird I glode. 
B. Elliptical or absolute uses passing: into sb. 

(rf.i). 

1. a. //. (Without article or -s.) Living persons. 
(Chiefly in echoes of Acts x. 42 or the Apostles' 
Creed, in phr. quick and dead.") 

ctyj K. ALFRED Gngary's Past. xv. 96 Se >e demende is 
cwicum & deadum. a 900 CYNEWULF Christ 997 Daer biS 
cirm ond ccaru ond cwicra *ewin. 1067 Charter of Etui- 
meard in Kemble Cod. Dipt. IV. zzo For alle quiken and 
for alle dede to helpe. c izoo ORMIN 10557 'lo demenn 
cwike & dxdc. 1:1380 WYCLIF Serm. Scl. Wks. II. 213 
His preier . . doib more harm to quike and dede. f 1440 
Jacob's Well 65 Paye . . to qwyke & to dede, )>at (>ou owyst. 
156* COOPER Answ. Priv. Masse (1850) 56 For then ye 
applied it to high, to low,, .to quick, to dead. 1667 MILTON 
P. L. xii. 460 To judge both quick & dead. 1732 LAW 
Serious C. ii. (ed. 2) 22 The Judge of quick and dead. 

b. The quick, the living. Usu. //., and in con- 
junction with the dead (cf. prec.). 

c888 K. ALFRED Boelh. xxxvi 7 Ne biS se cwuca Sonne 
nytlraSesedeada. cgoo tr. Bxda's Hist. i. xi. (iv.) (1890) 
50 Da cwican no jenih tsumedon J>aet hi 3a deadan bebyri^dan. 
'i 1200 Moral Ode 190 pet he seal deme (>a quike and ba 
dede. 1197 R. GLOUC. (Rolls) 5877 Me halt euere mid >e 
quike ; be dede w as sone stille. c 1330 R. BRUNNE Chron. 
WtKe (Rolls) 4388 pe quiyke vponHpe dede }ede. ^1400 
Apol. Loll. 49 What rijtfulnes is bis to 5ef ;eftis to be dead, 
& spoyle be quek? 1567 Guile f, Godlie B. (S.T.S.) 41 Gif 
ony to the quick ?eid from the deide, Trewlie they suld 
repent. 1654 FULLER Two Serm. 55 Such Volumes as con- 
cern the Quick at that Day. 1717 DE FOE Hist. Appar. 
vn. 99 The dead could never come to the quick. 1800-24 
CAMPBELL Death-Boat of Heligoland 2 The quick have their 
sleep-walkers, so have the dead. 1850 BLACKIE jKschylns 
I. 156 He, who was dead, has slain the quick. 

t c. That which is alive. (OE. and early ME. 
in gen. sing.) Obs. 



53 

Beowulf (Z.) 2314 No 5aer aht cwices laS lyft floja laefan 
wolde. c 1000 ^TLLFRIC Gen. viii. 21 Ne ofslea ic . . mid 
wa:tere JE!C bing cuces. c 1*05 LAV. 25758 Na whit heo ne 
funden quikes uppen wolden. a 1125 Ancr. K, 334 pe ruade 
{deade C.J see, bet nowiht cwices [nis] inne. 

t d. Live stock, cattle. (So OFris. quek) quik, 
LG. queck, quick, Da. kvxg*} Obs. rare 1 . 

a 1400-5 Alexander 4469 Of any gud at ?e geet a gift ye 
bam ofiirre, A quantite of all-quat, of quike & of ellis. 

2. With a and //. A living thing, rare (now 
only dial.\ 

f looo Ags. Ps. (Th.) ciii. 24 His is mycel sa?..baer Is 
unrim on ealra cwicra. 13.. E. E. A Hit. P. B. 567 As to 
quelle alle quykez for qued bat my.3t falle. 1579 SPENSER 
Sheph. Cat. Mar. 74, [1] Might see the moving of some 
quicke Whose shape appeared not. 1664 POWER Exf>. 
I* kilos, i. 34 You shall see these little Quicks.. grow feebler 
in their motion. 1899 Cumbld. Gtoss, t Whicks, .. maggots. 

3. coll. Living plants, spec, of white hawthorn, 
set to form a hedge. = QUICKSET i a. 

1456-7 Durham Ace. Rolls (Surtees) 241 Pro factura 
unius fosse et insercione de lez Whyke. 1484-5 Ibid. 98 
Pro CC m * qweke et plantacione ejusdem. 1641 EVELYN 

hedg'd with 
same 

r _ ^ ....apt the 

Alder, Elder, Furz, and Holly. i^MuseumRnsticum III. 
Ixiii. 285, 1 keep the quick regularly clipped, which, in a few 
years, renders the fence impenetrable. 1818 Relig; Clcrici 
405 Hedges of living quick, a yew alcove. 1881 Card. Chron. 
26 Mar. 409 Planting two hollies and six quick in every yard. 
b. With a and//. A single plant of this descrip- 
tion. = QUICKSET i b. 

1507-8 Durham Ace. Rolls (Surtees) 660 Et sol...sepienti- 
bus cum lez Wykkes . . querend. le Whikkes. 1671 Vestry 
Bks. (Surtees) 202 For quickes, S.T. 8rf. 1765 EARL HAD- 
DINGTON Forest trees 40 Upon this I laid another turf, .and 
a row of thorns, or quicks. 179* Trans. Soc. Arts (ed. 2) 
III. 173 Quicks thus'planted will at an early age, form a 
"50 TENNYSON In Mem. Ixxxviii, Wild bird, whose 



fence. _ 

warble, . , Rings Eden thro' the budded quicks. 
fc. (See quot.) Obs. rare~. 

1753 CHAMBERS Cycl. Svpp. App., QuickC the name by 
whicn some call a species of Mespilus^ or medlar. 

4. The quick : The tender or sensitive flesh in 
any part of the body, as that under the nails or 
beneath callous parts; also, the tender part of 
a sore or wound. Usu. in phr. to the quick* { Also 
without article (quot. 1562). 

1523 FITZHERB. Husb. 115 An hurte, that commeth of 
yll shoynge, whan a smyth dryueth a nayle in to the 

?uycke. 1561 J. HEYWOOD Prov. 4- Epigr, (1867) 178 
tching and smartyng, both touch vs at quicke. 1571 
Satir. Poems Reform, xxvi. 168 Fra tyme ye spur and hit 
him on the quik. i6oa SHAKS. Ham. iv. vii. 124 But, to 



my nose or forehead, where they stung me to the quick. 
1767 WESLEY Jml. i Nov. (1827) III. 293 Five nails were 
driven into the quick, 1825 KNAPP & BALDW. Newgate 
Col. IV. 350/2 Picking his fingers until he brought blood 
thro' the quick. 1862 SALA Seven Sons I. x. 243 He was 
in the habit of biting his nails to the quick. 

b. fig, with ref. to persons, chiefly in phrases 
denoting acute mental pain or irritation, as touched, 
galled, stung) etc. to the quick. 

15*6 SKELTON Magnyf. 1630 Yf a man fortune to louche 
you on the quyke, Then feyne yourselfe dyseased. 1551 
ROBINSON tr.^/f^'j//(7/.i.(i8g5)46Theirtenauntes,.. whom 
they polle and shaue to the quycke, by reysing their rentes. 
1579-^80 NORTH Plutarch (1676) 433 Tigranes. . was galled to 
the quick, and hit at the heart. 1628 WITHER Brit. Rememb, 
" 933) I confesse that on the quick they grated, Who in 
this manner have expostulated. 1647 TRAPP Comm. Rom. 
ii. 3 This is preaching to the conscience, to the quick. 
I7M DE FOE Moll Flanders (1840) 44 This stung the 
elder brother to the quick. 1^93 MAD. D'ARBLAY Lett, 
2: Oct., I could not deeply consider the situation of these 
venerable men, without feeling for them to the quick. 
1842 TENNYSON Walk, to the Mail 73 A Tory to the quick. 
1883 FROUDE Short Stud. IV. i. iv. 45 His proud temper 
was chafed to the quick, and he turned sick with anger. 

C. transf. of things (esp. immaterial things) : 
The central, vital, or most important part. 

1567 R. EDWARDS Damon $ Pithias in Hazl. Dodsley IV. 
12 In comedies the greatest skill is this, rightly to touch 
All things to the quick. 1600 SURFLET Countrie Farme in. 
xlvi, 516 There is neede to digge trees at the foote in winter 
vnto the very quick of the earth. 1643 BURROUGHES E*p. 
Hosea ix. (1652) 314 If things were examined to the quick 
in our receiving the Sacrament. 1693 EVELYN tr. De laQuint. 
Compl. Card. II. 19 The Tree .. must be refresh 'd as far 
as the quipk. 1837 Ho WITT Rur. Life vi. i. (1862) 404 It is 
existence shorn of all its spreading and flowering branches, 
but not pared to the quick. 1876 GEO. ELIOT Dan. Der. 
vii. Ii, The point touched the quick of his experience. 

d. With a and //. : A tender, sensitive, or vital 
part. rare. 

c 1550 BALE K. Johan (Camden) 77 To drive hym to holde 
and searche hym in the quyckes, 1705 WROE in Phil. 
Trans. XXV. 1900 There appearing great quicks (as they 
call them) or Roots under the Nails. 1892 J. LUCAS tr. 
K aim's England 6g They have ready to hand a multitude 
of the quicks [Sw. qwickan\ or inner parts of Ox-horns. 

5. The quick : The life (see LIFE sd. 7). Chiefly 
in phr. to the quick. 

1563 MAN tr. Mitsculits Commonpl. 43 Images, .with mar- 
tielouse deuice set forth to the quicke. 1727 BOYER Diet. 
Royal II, To draw to the quick (or to the life). 1858 J. 
BROWN Horae Subs. (1863) 3, 1 think I have only to sit down 
and write it [my father s lifej off, and do it to the quick. 
1880 G. MEREDITH Trag. Com. 11881) 96 Our blood runs 
through it, our history in the quick. 



QUICK-. 

f0. = Quick-mire (see D.). Obs. rare 1 . 

1648 BANCROFT in H. Cary Mem. Gt. Civ. War (1842) II. 
40, I am here in Sloughland, in the midst of quicks and 
quagmires. 

7. U.S. Mining. Abbrev. of QUICKSILVER. (So 
G. quick.) 

1882 Rep. to Ho. Repr., Prec. Met. U. S. 651 From this 
groove the amalgam and quicksilver run in gas-pipes to the 
securely-locked 'amalgam safes', in which the surplus 
' quick is strained off. 

C. adv. 1. = QUICKLY. 

1290 Michael 502 in S. Eng. Leg. 314 Heo..mai beo 
noube here and ^er ase quik ase marines muynde. c 1330 
R. BRUNNE Chron. (1810) 79 Bot comen is William quik, 
and sekes ^am fulle streit. 1377 LANGL. P. PI. B. xiv. 189 
He shulde take the acquitance as quik. 11529 SKELTON 
Elynour Rummyng 206 This ale shal be thycker, And 
flpwre the more quicker. 1610 SHAKS. Temp. v. i. 304 Such 
discourse, as . . shall make itfthe night] Goe quicke away. 
1667 MILTON P. L. iv. 1004 The latter quick up flew, and 
kickt the beam. 1692 LOCKE Educ. 160 Any.. Person 
who writes well, and quick. 1748 CHESTERF. Lett. (1792) 
1 1. 25, 1 am told that you speak very quick. 1788 CHARLOTTE 
SMITH Emmeline (1816) IV. 55, I am going .. to Havre, 
whence I shall get the quickest to Southampton. 1840 
DICKENS Barn. Rudge x, The* person who'd go quickest, 
is a sort of natural. 1865 TENNYSON On a Mourner iii, 
Nature . . on thy heart a finger lays, Saying ' Beat quicker '. 
1874 GREEN Short Hist. ii. 88 A peaceful invasion . . followed 
quick on the conquest of the Norman soldiery. 

b. Phr., (As} quick as lightning, thought ', wink, 
etc. (cf. A. 23, quot. ^1450). 

1813 SCOTT Rokeby i. xix, Thoughts . . Glance quick as 
lightning through the heart. 18*5 Brother Jonathan I. in 
Fire away as quick as wink. 1871 B. TAYLOR Faust (1875) 
II. i. ii. 8 As quick as thought.. Him to replace there came 
another. \W\Scribner 's Mag. XXII. 108/2 Quick as thought, 
Roger slipped his hands from their, .noose. 1893 FORBES 
MITCHELL Remin. Gt. Mutiny 88 Quick as thought I., 
clasped it. 

2. Used imperatively. (In some cases perh. 
representing the adj. in the phr. Be quick!} See 
also QUICK MARCH 2. 

1596 SHAKS. Merch. V. n. ix. i Quick, quick I pray thee, 
draw the curtain strait. 1604 Oth. v. i. 3 Quicke, quicke, 
feare nothing ; lie be at thy Elbow. i8a SHELLEY tr. 
Calderon HI. 176 Livia, quick, bring my cloak. 1852 MRS. 
STOWE Uncle Tom's C. v. 31 Get on your clothes, old man, 
quick ! 1872 TENNYSON Gareth <$ Lynette 147 Nay quick ! 
the proof to prove me. 

3. Combs, a. With present participles, as quick- 
acting^ -burning^ -coming, -conceiving, -decaying^ 
-designing, -devouring, 'fading (see quot.), -falling, 
-firing, -fiowing, -glancing, -growing, -guiding^ 
'gushing, -labouring, -moving, -piercing, -relishing, 
-returning, -rolling, -running, -scenting, -self- 
lessening, -setting, -shifting, -shutting, -spouting, 
-stepping, -thriving (chiefly adjs.). 

1878 ABNEY Photogr. (1881) 222 Those *qmck-acting 
lenses.. for taking instantaneous pictures. 1799 G. SMITH 
Laboratory I. 43 Prime it with a *quick-burnmg charge. 
1870 MORRIS Earthly Par. Apol. 3, 1 cannot., make 'quick- 
coming death a little thing. 1596 SHAKS. i Hen. IP, i. iii. 
189 To your *quicke conceyuing Discontents, lie reade you 
Matter, deepe and dangerous. 1708 J. PHILIPS Cyder ii. 
64 Freezing Nose, and *quick-decaying feet. 1676 D'URFEY 
Mad. Fickle iv. ii, I'll.. bring it off with *quick designing 
Wit. 1621 QUARLES Div. Poems, Hadassa (1638) 91 The 
*quick-devouring fire of heaven. 1597 GERARDE Herbal \\. 
cxxvii. 2, 395 Ephemerum Mathioli, *Quicke fading 
flower. 1661 LOVEU. Hist. Anim. fy Min. 57 The quick 
fading flower, drunk with the grapes of wild vine. 1832 
TENNYSON CEnone 200 * Quick- falling dew Of fruitful kisses. 
1887 Pall Mall G. 17 Dec. 6/2 *Quick-firing gun ammuni- 
tion. 1632 W. LYNNESAY in Lithgoufs Trav. B iij, Thou 
hast sweetly sung . . in our *quick-flowing tongue. 1751 
GRAY Spring 30 The insect youth, .show their gayly-gilded 
trim *Quick-glancing to the sun. 1879 MRS. A. E. JAMES 
Ind. Househ. Managem. 62 Planting a *quick-growing 
shrub to form a hedge. 1793 HOLCROFT tr. Lavater's 
Phystog. xxvii. 129 The work of the *quick-guiding Provi- 
dence. 1845 MRS. NORTON Child of the Islands (1846) 135 
The shy, ^quick-pushing blood. 1535 COVERDALE Prov. x. 
4 A *quycke labonnge hande maketh riche. 1793 HOLCROFT 
tr. Lavater's Physiog. xxxv. 180 The cheerful, open, free, 
*quick-moving mouth. 1633 FORD Broken Heart i. iii, 
Their *quick-piercing eyes, which dive . . Down to thy 



quick-returning pang 

1584 Three Ladies Lond. i. in Hazl. Dodsley VI . 338 "Quick- 
rolling eyes, her temples high. 174* FIELDING J.A ndrews 
in. vi, The *quick-scenting dogs attacked him. 1613-0 
W. BROWNE Brit. Past. 11. i, Braue birds they were, whose 
*quick-selfe-less'ning kin Still wonne the girlonds from the 



shutting eyes looked unutterable inings. 1013 . cuso 
Lucretius I. in. 731 *Quick-spouting blood. .And fierce 
convulsions. 1884 Times 27 Feb. 7/6 The high-standing, 
*quick-stepping Clydesdales. 1669 WORLIDGE Syst. Agrtc. 
(1681) 93 The Ash is a gallant 'quick-thriving wood. 

b. With pa. pples., as quick-compounded, -drawn, 
-gone, -raised, -wrought adjs. 

S THOMSON Autumn 1363 _, 

"quick -com pounded thought. 1882 J. HAWTHORNE 



1730-46 THOMSON Autumn 1363 The mind, The varied 
:ene of *quick-o_ r ...... 

<ort. Fool i. xii, A "quick-drawn, panting sigh. 1887 
BOWEN I'irg. dStteid v. 202 The limb and the feverish lip 



Quiver with quick-drawn breath. z8i8 KEATS Endym. \. 
375 He could not miss His *quick gone love. 1596 SHAKS. 
i Hen. IV, iv. iv. 12 The King, with mightie and *quick- 
raysed Power. 1898 Q- Rev. Apr. 435 He wove for Theseus 
a snare "quick-wrougnt. 



QUICK. 

D. Special combs, or phrases (chiefly the adj. in 
close connexion with a sb., sometimes written as 
a single word, or hyphened) : f quick anatomy 
(see ANATOMY i b) ; quick-change, attrib. as 
epithet of an actor or other performer who quickly 
changes costume or appearance in order to play 
a different part; t quick dissection, vivisection; 
quick-fire, attrib. of a type of gun which can fire 
shots in *apid succession ; quick-firer, a quick- 
firing gun; quick-foot adv.) in haste, swiftly; 
"t* quickfrith, plants to form a quick hedge ; quick- 
in-the-hand, a popular name of the yellow balsam ; 
t quick-iron, the load-stone, magnet ; f quick- 
line, asbestos ; quick-loader, a device to enable 
a gun to be loaded quickly; f quick -mire, a quag- 
mire ; quick relief, Naut.^ ' one who turns out 
speedily to relieve the watch'(Smyth Sailor's Word- 
bk. 1867); quick-return, attrib. of gearing in a 
cutting machine which brings the bed quickly back 
after each cut of the tool (Knight Diet. Mech. \ 875) ; 
quick saver, Naut., * a span formerly used to 
prevent the courses from bellying too much when 
off the wind * (Smyth) ; f quick-scab, a form of 
scab in horses; f quick shot, fig.) small drink- 
ing-vessels that are quickly emptied ; quick- 
aide, Naut. t = FKEE-BOABD ; t quick-spring, a 
running spring; f quick-spur, one who rides 
quickly (in quot. fig.'} ; quick-stick^s), quickly, 
without delay (also in quick sticks}; fquickthorn, 
thorn used for hedging ; t quiokthorned a., resem- 
bling hedge-thorn ; quick-water [ = G. quick- 
ivasser]) a solution of nitrate of mercury and gold 
used in water-gilding (Knight). See also QUICK- 
BEAM, -LIME, MARCH, -MATCH, -SAND, -SET, -SILVER, 
STEP, TIME, -WOOD, -WORK. 



host 20 in S.'* f Wks. (1843) II. 155 With froth-canne and nick- 
>t, and such nimble *quick shot. i67CAi*T. SMITH Seaman's 
ram. ix. 39 Lest they . . if her *quicke side lie in the water, 



artist 

vtiliti f .. , _ 

haue beholden in quicke dissections. 1891 Times 7 Oct. 
4/6 A Gruson *quick-fire howitzer, which is intended to 
discharge shells m rapid succession. 1804 Pall Mall G. 
23 Oct. 2/1 They .. carry in their huge fighting masts an 
arsenal of *quick-firers. 1901 Spectator 12 Oct. 524/1 The 
newest 6 in. quick-firers are not officially known as quick- 
firers, because they have not a metal cartridge-case. 1891 
ATKINSON Last of Giant-killers 52 Willy . . was sent off *quiclc- 
foot. 1536 MS. Ace. St. John** Hasp., Canterb., Payd for 
gatheryng*quykfryth. ,\i\)d. tjB$M\RTVN Reusseaus Sot. 
xxvi. (1794) 407 We have also a wild species called Yellow 
Balsam, and also by the familiar names of *Quick -in-hand 
and Touch-me-not. 1864 PRIOR Plant-n., Quick-in-the- 
hand, that is 'alive in the hand', the Touch-me-not, from 
the sudden bursting and contortion of its seed pods upon 
being pressed. 1398 TREVISA Barth. DC P. R. xvi. Ixii. 
(1495) 573 The stone magnes drawyth to itself yron, therfore 
in the comyn speche this yren is callyd "quycke yren. 
1601 HOLLAND Pliny II. 515 The ignorant people seeing 
these rings thus rubbed with the load-stone,, .call it quick- 
yron. I Bid. 4 There is a kind of Line found out which will 
not consume in the fire: this in Italy they call "Quick-line. 
1884 Sat. Rev. 16 Feb. 209/2 A contrivance called a ' quick- 
loader' has been issued for simultaneous trial with the 
Martini-Enfield. c 1394 P. PL Crede 226 WiJ? a face as fat 
as a full bledder . . pat all wagged his Heche as a *quyk my re. 
1577 DE ? Rf l at > Spir. i. (1659) 12 A place, where Springs, 
Quick-mires, and Bogs are. 1639 DEFRAY Expert F'errier 
11. xvii. 297 This malady, which we call the "Quick-scab, . .run- 
neth from one member of the horse to the other. 
Ghost 
pot, 

Gram. ix. 39 Lest they . . if her "qt 

ouerset the ship. 1694 MOTTEUX Rabelais v. xvii. (1737) 76 
Lest the Ship's Quick-Side should lye in the Water. i6as 
A. COURT Constancie \, 33 Hence as from a *quick-spring 
did flow that Constancie. 1660 SHARROCK Vegetables 89 
You need but open that very place to your quick-spring, 
and give it a clear vent, and certainly your bog would 
decay. 1600 SURFLET Countrie Farms in. xxi. 4^73 As 
concerning the grafting of it, you must take the time of 
autumne, for . . this tree is a *quickespur and forerider. 1877 
BLACKMORE Erema Ivi. (1880) 424 Die he must, and "quick 
stick. 1890 R. BOLDREWOOD Squatter's Dream xvi. 204 
We should have a note to settle our little account in quick 
sticks. 1785 COWPER in Life (1836) V. 166 The people of 
Turvey have burnt him ,. in effigy, with a bundle of 
*quickthorn under his arm. 1567 MAPLET Gr. Forest 89 
The Hedgehog hath a sharp and *quickthorned garment. 

Quick, sb. 2 Also 4 quike, 5 quyke, quikk, 
9 north. w(h)ick. [Northern form of QUITCH sb. 1 ] 
coll. or//. Couch-grass, and other field-grasses and 
weeds, or their underground stems. = QUICKEN sb.~ 

a 1387 Sinon. Barthol. (Anecd. Oxon.) 23 Gramen^ . . 
speciahter accipitur in medicina pro quadam herba..an* 
quikes. 1483 Cath. Angl. 297/1 Quikk (A. Quyke), eraus. 

1764 Museum Rusticitm III. 296 A machine, that would 
clear . . land from quicks, or other weeds. 1800 TUKE A%ric. 
85 Heavier harrows, .are used to clean the land from quicks. 
1876- In northern dial, glossaries, in form ivhick or wick. 

So Quick-grass. (Cf. Da. qvik- t qvxkgrxs.} 
1617 MiNSHEU/?KC/<Jr, Quickgrasse,..Grr canfnum. 
1711 tr. Pomet's Hist, Drugs I. 52 There are several other 
Roots sold in the Shops, .as the Dog grass, or Quick grass. 

1765 Afusfttm Rtisticum IV. xxi. 94 It takes fresh root 
at its joints, like quick-grass. 1770-4 A. HUNTER Georg. 
Ess. (1804) II. 213 Turned over when the least particle 
of quick-grass appears. 

Quick (kwik), v^ arch. Forms : i cwic-, 
cwyc-, cucian, 3 quikie } 5 quykee (?) ; 2 quiken, 



54 

4 quik(e, quyk(ke, 4-5 quyke, 5 qwyk, queke, 
quek-, qvyk-, whykyn, 5-6 quycke, 6 quicke, 
4> 7~ quick. [OE. cwician . f ciuic(ijan, f. cwic 
QUICK a., = OS. quikdn ; properly intransitive, but 
even in OE. also used transitively, there being no 
causative form corresponding to OHG. quichan, 
quicken. In common use from c 1300-1450, after 
which examples are very rare.] 

1 1. intr. Of persons, animals, and plants, or their 
parts: To come to life ; to revive. Ot>s. = QUICKEN 
v. 6. 

i 1000 Sax, Leechd. II. 338 Smire mid ba saran limu ; hie 
cwiciab sona. c laoo Trin. Coll. Horn. 177 To-}enes sumere 
alle moren quiken, and eoroe and trewes growen. c 1*90 
.S. l-'.nt:. Leg. I. 476/485 Mi?hte bis wumman quikie a-^ein ; 
and liuen and hire sturie ? c 1425 Cursor M. 20883 (Trin.) 
A ded inon quyked bi his shade, c 1520 L. ANDREWE Noble 
Lyfe in Babees Bk. (1868) 234 Whan she feleth her yonges 
quycke, or stere in her body. 

fig. c 1000 ^ELFRIC Horn. I. 494 Se synfulla mid godcundre 
onbryrdnysse cucnb. 

t b. Of a firebrand or fire : To kindle, begin to 
burn. Obs. rare. 

CUTS Lamt. Horn. 81 J>e brand be is al aquenched .. ne 
quiked he neure. c 1384 CHAUCER //. Fame in. 988 As fire 
ys wont to quyk and goo. c 1386 Knt's T. 1477 Oon of 
the fyres queynte And quyked agayn. 

tc. Of a rumour: To arise, spread. 06s.rare~ l . 

1-1415 Cursor M. 17476 (Trin.) Wo was hem . . whenne (>is 



tiding bigon to quyk. 

2. fa. trans 
QUICKEN z/. i. 



fa. trans. To give or restore life to. Obs. 



cgy> Lindisf. Gosp. John v. 21 Suae se faeder a*ua;cce3 Sa 
deado & cuica#, sure sec 5e sunu 3a3e [he] wil cwicad. 
a 1300 Cursor M. 8622 pe barn to fir in barm sco bar, And wel 
sco wend to quik it J>ar. 1377 1 .ANGL. P. PI. B. xv. 23 ' The 
whiles I quykke the corps 7 quod he, ' called am I Amma '. 
c 1440 CAPCRAVE Life St. Katk. iv. 1801 Whan to the body 
he cam it for to queke. 1447 BOKENHAM Seyntys (Roxb.) 
85, I . .beseche for thi dede man Qwyk hym ageyne lord. 

fig. c 1000 Ags. Ps. (Th.) cxviii. 50 Me (nn spraec spedum 
cwycade. 1430 LYDG. Min. Poems (Percy Soc.) 177 Pray 
we to Crist.. To quyke a figure in cure conscience. 

b. To give or restore vigour to ; to stir up, in- 
spire, etc. Now rare. = QUICKEN v. a. 

a 1300 Cursor M. 25581 pou. .quicked vr hertes, suete iesu. 
<rx33o R. BRCNNK Citron. Wace (Rolls) 13247 pe ton quiked 
be io|>er to lyue, be Romayns to greue, fast gon J>ey stryue. 
c 1386 CHAUCER Pars. T. p 462 Ire. .is the feruent blood of 
man yquyked in his herte. c 1449 PECOCK Kefir, u. xv. 237 
Forto quykee [sic] in hem the mynde..of the bifore seid 
tiling"^. 1567 DRANT Horace, Ep. n. i. G vij. That poet . . 
That can stere vp my passions, or quicke my sprytes at all. 
1615 Albumazar i. h. in Ha/1. Dodsley XI. 308 Your lo\*e 
sir, like strong water, .quicks your feeble limbs. 1898 T. 
HARDY Wessex Poems 188 That swift sympathy With 
living love Which quicks the world. 

tc. To kindle (a fire). Obs.rare. -QUICKENS. 

1:1374 CHAUCER Troylus HI. 484 (435) Pandarus to quyke 
alwey pe fyr Was euere y-lyk prest and dyligent. c 1386 
Frankl. T. 322 Hire [the moon's] desire Is to be quiked 
and lighted of your (the sun's] fire. 

Quick (kwik), v [f. QUICK a, B. 3.] trans. 
To furnish with a quickset hedge, rare. 

1801 Trans, Soc. Enc. Arts XIX. 73 A ditch.. quicked 
with a double row of fine plants. 1819 T. THOMAS Ace. 
Fencing. For quicking and ditching Leasehold. 

Quick(kwik),z;.3 Also<#a/.w(h)ick. [f.QuiCK 
sb.'^\ To pull up * quicks ' or couch-grass. Hence 
Quicking'drag (see quot. 1800), -rake. 

1800 TUKE Agric. 85 Quicking-drag. In the northern 
part of the vale of Vorki a drag on an excellent construction 
is used, for cleaning the land from quicks. 1874 E. PEACOCK 
y. Markenfield III. 113 Their boys and girls released., 
from ' wick ing ' and ' singling ' turnips. 

Qui ckbeam. Obs. exc. dial. [App. f. QUICK a. 
+ BEAM, but the precise force of the adj. is not 
clear : cf. G. qutck- and quickenbaum (also quitz-, 
qwtzen-j quitschenbauni} service-tree. The name 
belongs to the south of England.] = QUICKEN sb.^ 

In OE. glosses, cwtcbeam usually renders L. cariscus, 
which seems to be otherwise unknown, and is perh. an error 
for tamariscus (cf. quot. 1587 below). 

a 700 Eptnal Gloss. 238 Cariscus t cuicbeam. c 1000 Sax. 
Leeckd. II. 66 |>orn, asc, cwicbeam. cio$o Ags. Voc. in 
Wr.-Wulcker 423/23 funipentm, quicbeam. 1533 ELYOT 
Cast. Helthe (1541) 59 Purgers of melancolye . . courage : 
Hartis tongue : Quickbeme. 156* [see QUICKEN sb^\. 1578 
LYTE Dodoens vi. Hi. 727 The barke of one kinde of Sorbus 
(whiche b our Quickbeme). 1579 LAKGHAM Card. Health 
(1633) 628 The barke of the roots of heath may be vsed 
in stead of the barke of the root of Tamariske, rather then 
the barke of quickebeame. 1731 ^i\\AX.^.Gard.Dict. t Sorbus t 
The wild Service or Quickbeam. 1836 BRAY Descr. Tamar 
Tavy vii. 122 Oaks .. interspersed with what is called 
in Devonshire the quick-beam, or mountain -ash. 1873 
O'CuRRY Lect. Ancient Irish II. 213 Let them cut down 
and carry out loads of thequickbeam. 1884 JEFPERIES Red 
Deer xii. 112 In the Exmoor country the mountain-ash is 
called the quick-beam. 

attrib. c 1000 Sax. Leeckd. 1 1. 78 Wyl on wsetere aescrinde, 
cwicbeam rinde. 1562 TURNER Herbal n. (1568) 59 b, The 
quikbem tre which is a kynde of sorbus. 1587 MASCALL 
Govt, Cattle, Hogges (1627) 263 Tamarix, which as I thinke, 
is called in the English quick-beame wood. 1760 J. LEE 
Introd. Bot. App. 324 Quick beam- tree, Sorbus. 

Quick-chaws, obs. variant of KICKSHAW. 

Quicken (kwi-k'n), s&. 1 Also 4 quiken, 6 
quickene; 6- whicken, 7 whighen, 9 wicken, 
wiggin. [The northern equivalent of QUICKBEAM, 
and presumably from QUICK a. t but the exact nature 



QUICKEN. 

of the ending is not clear : in early use always in 
comb, with tree. Cf. QUICK TREE. 

An OE. cwictreow is found in glosses, rendering an obscure 
L. crest's or jMvJk] 

1. a. The mountain-ash, or rowan-tree (Pyrus 
aucuparia). b. The service-tree (Sorbus domes- 
tc. The juniper. (06s.) 



. -- kyi___ 

Enghshe a rountree or a Quicken tree. 156* Herbal 
n. (1568) 71 The tre whiche we call in the North countre 
a quicken tre or a rown tre, & in the South countre a 
quikbeme. 1686 PLOT Staffordsh. 223 The Fraxinus syl- 
vestris or Quicken-tree, which they firmly believe will 
certainly preserve them from all fascinations, and evill 
spirits. 1756 SIR J. HILL Brit. Herbal ^514 We have two other 
species, i. The common Service. .. 2. The Quicken-tree. 
1844 M. A. RICHARDSON Borderer's Tablc-bk. VII. 182 
Witchwood, the mountain ash .. called in divers parts of 
Northumberland the whicken-tree. iSoO'GRADY Pursuit 
Diarmuid 143 He . . followed Diarmuid s track to the foot 
of the quicken tree. 

iib&ol. 1674 in Depos. Cast. York 209 They tye soe much 
whighen about him, I cannot come to my purpose, else 
I could have worn him away once in two yeares. 1756 
POCOCKE Truv. (1889) II. 217 The quicken and yew grow 
here. 1769 R. FRENCH in A. Young Tour Irel. (1780) I. 
380 Two small groves .. consisting of quicken or mountain 
ash. 1857 O'GRADY Pursuit Diarmuid 143, I know that 
Diarmuid is in the top of the quicken. 

2. attrib., as quicken-berry ', -bough, -branch. 

1579 LANGHAM Card. Health (1633) 88 Mulberies, Quicken- 
berries, greene Grapes. 1671 SIR W. BOREMAN in F. P. 
Verney Mem. Verney Fam. (1892) 1. 15 The king's, .thankes 
for the Quickenbury trees y u sent his ma'*. 1879 H ENDERSON 
Folk-lore vi. 184 Twigs of mountain-ash or quicken- berry. 
1894 YEATS Celtic Twilight 86 One of these bands carried 
quicken boughs in their hands. 

Quicken (kwi-k'n), sb* Sc. and north, dial. 
Also north, whick-, wicken. [f. QUICK sb? t the 
northern form of QUITCH.] Couch-grass; also//, 
the underground stems of this and other grasses. 

1684 MERITON Yorksh. Dial 41 Our Land is tewgh, and 
full of strang whickens. 1816 SCOTT A ntiq. xxxv, The plant 
Quicken, by which, Scottfce t we understand couch-grass, 
dog-grass, or the Triticum refens of Linuseus. 1842 J. 
AITON Domett. Kcon. (1857) 173 Quickens, docks, thistles,., 
furze, broom. 1898 J. R. CAMPBELL in Trans. Highl. $ Agric. 
Soc. 85 Quickens are in reality underground stems. Unlike 
roots they are jointed. .. Quickens are not confined to one 
species of grass. 

b. attrib. and Comb., as quicken-grass^ -producer, 
quickens-sfuUh. 

1843 HARDY in Proc, Berw. Nat. Club II. No. n. 63 note, 
Loosening and breaking the roots of the quicken -grass. 
1858 R. S. SURTEES Ask Mamma Ixv. 295 The rushes of 
one field and the whicken grass of the other. 1898 J. R. 
CAMPBELL in Trans. Highl. <J- Agric. Soc. 85 The grass that 
is best known to farmers as a quicken-producer is couch- 
grass. Ibid. 88 It is a common belief that fibrous root- 
scutch belongs to Agrostis, and that quickens-scutch belongs 
to couch-grass. 

tQui*cken, sb$ Obs. rare" 1 . In 6 quiken. 
[f. QUICK a. Cf. B. 2.] A living creature. 

i$3 FITZHERB. Husb t 55 If thou cut the lyuer, therm 
wyll IK: lyttell qttikens lyke flokes. 

Quicken (kwi'k'n), v. Forms : a. 4 quicken, 
-in, quikken, -in, quiken, -yn, queken, qui-, 
quykne, quicn-, quykene(n, qwi-, qwycken, 
(-kk-)> qwi., qwykyn, qwykn-, 4-5 qwyken, 5 
quyknyn, 4-6 quyken, 5-6 quikin, 5-8 quickn-, 
6 quycken, -yn, quyckn-, Sc. quyckyn, -kkin, 
quikkine, quikn-, 6- quicken. . 4 quhykine, 
whiken, 5 qwhykkyn. [f. QUICK a. + -ENC. Cf. 
ON. kviknaj kykna to come to life, come into being, 
Sw. qvickna ; Da. dial, kvxgne to refresh. In Eng. 
the trans, sense is more usual than the intr.] 
I. Transitive senses. 

1. To give or restore life to ; to make alive ; to 
vivify or revive ; to animate (as the soul the body). 

a 1300 Cursor M. 20883 Petre. .a ded he quickend wit his 
schade. ^1380 WYCLIF Wks. (1880) 344 whenne he had 
qwickened lazar, he brou^t him out of his sepulcre. c 1440 
Prontp. Pan\ 421/1 Quyknyn [K. t P. quykyn], e^v/<? t vivi- 

fco. 1535 COVERDALE 2 Kings v. 7 Am I God then, that 
can kyll and quycken agayne. 1601 SHAKS. At? s Welt 
n. L 77 A medicine . . able to breath life into a stone, Quicken 
a rocke. 1674 N. FAIRFAX Bulk $ Seh>. 28 The soul that 
I was quickned with at birth day, is the same that I am 
quickned with at this day. 1730-46 THOMSON Autumn 664 
Still the fresh Spring finds New plants to quicken. 1819 
SHELLEY Cenei iv. i. 189 111 things Shall, with a spirit of 
unnatural life, Stir and be quickened. 1876 MORRIS Sigurd 
11. 84 How many things shall thou quicken, how many shalt 
thou slay ! 

b. Jig. in renderings of Biblical passages, or 
echoes of these, occas. with ref. to spiritual life. 

a 1300 E. E. Psalter Ixxxiv. 6 God, IDOU turned qwycken 
vs sal. 1357 Lay Folks Catcch. 150 [Crist] whikend \Latnb. 
MS. qwyknyd) us un-to lyf thurgh his risyng. 138* WYCLIF 
John vi. 64 It is the spirit that quykeneth, the fleysch pro- 
fiteth nothing. 1513 DOUGLAS SEneis x. Prol. 128 To 
quykkin thy sclavys tnolit schamful ded maiste fell. 1563 
WINJET tr. Vincent. Lirin. Wks. 1800 II. 23 He wald .. 
quikin his spiritual peple afoir slane. 11653 BINNING 
Strm. (1845) 9 The second Adam aspired to quicken what 
Adam killed. 

f c. To be quickened = 6 b. Obs. 

1599 NASHE Lenten. Stujffe Wks. 1883-4 v - z68 She was 
now quickned, and cast away by the cruelty of ^Eolus. 1607 



QUICKEN. 

MARKHAM Caval. i. (1617) 50 Let their Mare-? after th*ey 
are quickncd, be moderately travelled or wrought. 

2. To give, add, or restore vigour to (a person or 
thing) ; to stimulate, stir up, rouse, excite, inspire. 

a. a person. 

1523 LD. HKRNKKS Froiss. I. Ixxxix. m Loue quickened 
hym day and nijht. 1515 Ibid. II. ex. [cvi.] 31^, I am 
quickened so to do. 1542 N. UDALL in Lett. Lit. Men 
(Camden) 7 A contynuall spurre . . to pricke and to quicken 
me to goodnes. a 163* T. TAYLOR God's Judgein. i. n. hi. 
(1642) 413 You .. he now quickened and stirred up to his 
love. 1703 PKNN in Pa. Hist. Soc. Mem. IX. 271, 1 hope.. 
you will be quickened to show yourselves men in that affair. 
1856 KANE Arct. Exf>l. I. xxviL 352 We were like men 
driven to the wall, quickened, not depressed. 1874 GREKN 
Short Hist. viii. 5. 5 19 He rode through England to quicken 
the electors to a sense of the crisis. 

b. a feeling, faculty, action, course of things, etc. 
f Also with w/. 

1423 JAS. I Kingis Q. clxxxi, To quikin treuly day by day 
my lore. 1450-1530 Myrr. our Ladye 68 Other bokes ther 
be that ar made to quyken, & to sturre vp the affeccyons 
of the soule. 1579-80 NORTH Plutarch (1595) 236 The first 
honour that vallinnt mindes do come vnto, doth quicken vp 
their appetite. 1659 RUSHW. Hist. Coll. I. 538 Sir Dudley 
Diggs quickned his motion and spoke roundly, 1723 DE 
FOE CW. Jack (1840) 89 This quickened^ my resolution. 
1781 COWPER Charity 522 The frequent interjected dash 
Quickens a market, and helps off the trash. 1853 MAURICE 
Proph. 4- Kings ix. 150 The savage impulses of the soldier 
became quickened. 1883 FROUDE Short Stnd. IV, n. iii. 
194 Other conventional beliefs, too, were quickened into 
startling realities. 
C. absol. 

1581 MULCASTER Positions xxxix. (1887) 215 To consider 
of education and learning, what is good and quickneth. 
1637 HEYWOOD Royall King \\. Wks. 1874 VI. 33 The 
King . . quickens most where he would most destroy, a 1859 
DEQUINCEY in ' Page '/) (1877) ! * 20 Pillar of fire, that 
didst go before me to guide and to quicken, 

3. To kindle (a fire) ; to cause or help to burn up. 
121340 HAMPOLE Psalter xvii. 10 Coles Hat before ware 

ded..ere kyndild and qwikynd agayn. 1:1386 CHAUCER 
Frank!. T. 322 Her desir Is to be qwykkened and li^tned 
of 3our fire. 1556 J. HEYWOOD Spider fy F. xiv. 59, 1 will 
yet once againe, quicken this cole. 1751 Affect. Narr. of 
Wa^er 105 The Fire they dress'd by was. .quickned by the 
Timber of one of the Casks. 1870 MORRIS Earthly Par. 
III. iv. 75 While she Quickened the fire. 1887 BROWNING 
Parleying*^ F. Furini xi," Let my spark Quicken your 
tinder. 

4. a. To make (liquor or medicine) more sharp 
or stimulant. ? Obs. 

1591 SPENSER Muiopotm. 196 Dull Poppie, and drink- 
quickning Setuale. 17x3 STEELE Guard. No. 143 F 8 Rack- 
punch, quickned with brandy and gun-powder. 1733 CHEYN E 
Eng. Malady it. xi. 3 (1734) 232 Diaphoreticks. .quickened 
withvolatill Spirits. 1799 M. UNDERWOOD Diseases Children 
(ed. 4) I. 55 A few grains of magnesia . . forms a much neater 
medicine (which maybe quickened and warmed by the addi- 
tion of a few drops of tincture of senna). 

b. To imbue (tin) with quicksilver, rare, 
1799 [see QUICKENING vM. sb. and ///. a.}. 1825 J. NICHOL- 
SON Operat. Mechanic 728 Mercury, .soon unites itself with 
the tin, which then becomes very splendid, or, as the work- 
men say, is quickened. 

C. dial. To work with yeast. (Halliwell.) 

5. To hasten, accelerate, give speed to. 

i6a6 BACON Sylva 990 You may sooner by Imagination 
quicken or slacke a Motion, than raise or cease it. 1691 
T. H[ALE] Ace. New Invent. 127 In what proportion 
Smoothness, Sope and Tallow doth quicken [a ship's way]. 
1776 ADAM SMITH W. N. (1860) I. 1. 1. ii To facilitate and 
quicken their own particular part of the work. 1786 MAD. 
D'ARBLAV Diary 17 July, I was only quickening my pace, 
when I was again stopped. 1838 THIRLWALL Greece IV, 
381 It had induced him to quicken his departure. 1855 
BAIN Senses <$ Int. n. iv. n (1864) 275 In rapid walking, 
the very thoughts are quickened. 
b. To make (a curve) sharper. 

1711 W. SUTHERLAND Shipbnild. Assist. 162 To Quicken 
the Sheer ; to shorten the Radius that strikes out the Curve. 
ciSgo Rndim. Navig. (Weale) 139 To quicken^ to give 
anything a greater curve. 
II. Intransitive senses. 

6. To receive life, to become living ; f also, to 
recover life, to revive. 

138* WYCLIP^ i Kings xvii. 22 The soule of the child is 
turned a^en with ynne hym, and he a^en quikenyde. 1530 
PALSGR. 677/1, I quycken, I revyve, as a thyng dothe that 
fyrst doth begyn to styrre, or that was wyddered, or almosie 
deed. 1553 T. WILSON Khet. 29 Hym that killeth the child - 
so sone as it beglnneth to quicken. 1604 SHAKS. Oth, iv. ii. 
67 As Sommer Flyes . . That quicken euen with blowing. 1691 
RAY Creation (1602) 74 Their Spawn would be lost in those 
Seas, the bottom being too cold for it to quicken there. 1823 
SCOTT Peveril xiii, The seed which is sown shall one day 
sprout and quicken. 1841 TENNYSON I'ision of Sin 210 
Below were men and horses pierced with worms, And slowly 
quickening into lower forms. 

fig. 1851 DIXON W. Penn xv. (1872) 132 The germ of 
Pennsylvania was quickening into life. 

b. Of a female : To reach the stage of pregnancy 
at which the child shows signs of life. Cf, i c. 

1530 PALSGR. 677/1 She quyckynned on al hallon day. 
i66a-3^Pp,PYs Diary i Jan., She quickened at my Lord 
Oerard sat dinner. 1748 [see QUICKENING vbl.sb.}. 1822-34 
Good s Study Med. (ed. 4) IV. 183 A woman . . became preg- 
nant, quickened and had a flow of milk in the breasts. 

J*S- 1695 HLACKMORK Pr. Arth. n. 26 Barren Night did 
pregnant grow, And quicken'd with the World in Embrio. 

7* fig* To come into a state of existence or ac- 
tivity comparable to life. Const, to, into. 

a 1300 Cursor M. 26482 All quickens [a]gain his first 
- tint was. 13.. E. K. Allit. P. C. 471 pat Jer 



q 
T 



55 

quikken no cloude bifore J cler sunne. c 1386 CHAUCER 
Pars. T, P 474 Looke how that fir of smale gleedes that been 
almoost dede vnder asshcn wollen quike agayn. 1435 MISYN 
Fire of Love 81 J?e self sawle. .qwhykkynand toheuenlylilc- 
yng. i4"]Q PastonLctt. No.648 II. 406 The mater qwykenn- 
ythe bothe flfor yowc and yowres. t$68GRAFTOtiC&r0tt, II. 
203 At this time also, the warre began to quicken in Guyan. 
1821 SHELLEY False Lawtls fy True n The hopes that 
quicken.. Are flowers that wither. 1829 I. TAYLOR Rnthns. 
vi. 177 Countries that were quickening into freedom, a 1881 
ROSSETTI House of Life ii, At her heart Love lay Quicken- 
ing In darkness. 

D. To grow bright. 

1712-4 POPE Rape Lock i. 144 Sees., keener lightnings 
quicken in her eyes. 1859 TENNYSON Geraint fy Enid 535 
The pale and bloodless east began To quicken to the sun. 
1885 BRET HARTE Mamja i, Meanwhile the light (of day] 
quickened. 

8. To become faster, to be accelerated. 

1805 [see QUICKENING^//, a.]. 1857 W. SMITH Thorndale 
in. iv. 226 His step quickened, his countenance lighted up 
with joy. 1891 T. HARDY 7'ess xxx, Tess's breath quickened. 

t Qui'ckenaiice. Obs. rare. Also 7 quick- ' 
nance, [f. prec. + -ANCE.] = QUICKENING vbL sb. I 

a 1617 BAYNE On Eph. (1643) 396 Could he not. .swallow I 
up death, create life and quicknance m us. 1656 JEANES 
Fuln. Christ 21 A living member of her, which nath .. 
quickenance from the head of the Church. 

Qurckened, fpl.a. [f. QUICKEN v. + -ED*.] 
Made living or quick ; animated, stimulated ; 
hastened, accelerated; etc. 

1612 DRAYTON Poly-olb. in. 208 Not from the quick'ned 
mine. 1660 Charac. Italy to Rdr. Aiv, Some Squeamish 
Zealot, who.. is become a meer lump of quickened Care. 
1805 SOUTHEY Madoc in Aztlan i, His blood Flow'd 
from its quicken'd spring. 1894 H. DRUMMOND Ascent 
Man 389 Courtship, with its vivid perceptions and quickened 
emotions. 

Quickener (kwi'k'naj). [f. QUICKEN V. + 
-EB 1 .] One who or that which quickens, in various 
senses of the verb. 

1513 DOUGLAS sEneis xn. Prol, 254 Welcum quyknar of 
florist flowris schene. 1581 MULCASTER Positions vi. ( 1887) 40 
The soule, . . the quicRner of the body. 1653 H. MORE 
Ant id. Ath. n. xii. 12 Notable whetters and quickners of 
the spirit of life. 1767 S. PATERSON Another Trav. I. 425 
Re-edifiers of fallen temples, and quickeners of dead laurels. 
1820 W. IRVING Sketch Bk. (1859) 137 These tokens of 
regard, and quickeners of kind feelings. 1879 M. D. CON- 
WAY Demonol. I. i. ii. q Baal . . represents the Sun in his 
glory as quickener of Nature. 

Qui'ckening, sl>. rare- 1 . = QUICKEN sl>. 2 So 
also Qurckening-grass. 

1765 Museum Rusticunt IV. 454 Stones, quickemngs, and 
every other thing that may hinder the growth of the flax, 
should be removed. Ibid. 456 Quickening grass should not 
be taken up. 1765 A. DICKSON Treat, Agric. (ed. 2) 106 
Of the first sort is the quickemng-grass, or couch-grass. 

Quickening (kwi'k'nirj),^/, sb. [f. QUICKENS. 
+ -ING 1 .] The action of the vb. QUICKEN, in 

various senses. 

f 1430 Pilgr. Lyf Manhode n. cviii. (1869) 116 He hadde 
with inne gret quiknyng of cole. 15*6 Pilgr. Perf. (W. de 
W. 1531) ii b. For the. .quyckenynge of theyr reason. 1577 
tr. Bnllingers Decades (1592) 45 Justification of life there- 
fore is. .a quickening or translating from death to life. 1626 
Naivorth Househ. Bks. (Surtees Soc.) 237 To Eyst for iij 
quickinings,..xviij (1 . 1655 H. VAUGHAN Silex Stint.) Holy 
Cotnnmn. i, Nothing that is, or lives, But hath his Quick- 
nings, and reprieves. 1748 Phil. Trans. XLV. 132 After 

2uickening her Health became better. 1799 G. SMITH 
aboratory I. Pref. 6 Quickening is a singular expression 
to be employed in gilding. 1874 GREEN Short Hist, vii. 
7. 419 The intellectual quickening of the age had now 
reached the mass of the people. 

b. eoncr. That which quickens ; hence, yeast, a 
quantity of yeast, dial. 

1598 FLORIO, CremSre, yeast, barme, quickning. 1790 
MRS. WHEELER Westmld. Dial. (1821) 81 Me mudder lent 
her a whicknin, an we wor bawn at brew. 

Quickening (kwi-k'nin), ///. a. [f. QUICKEN 
v. + -ING 2 .] That quickens, in senses of the vb. 
1382 WVCLIF i Cor. xv. 45 The laste Adam [is made] in to 



creeping deadly cold away did shake. 1674 J, B[RIAN] 
Harv. Home Postscr. 53, I finisht have The first part of 
this quickning Text. 1799 G. SMITH Laboratory I. 89 
A quickening water. Take one ounce of quicksilver, and as 
much aqua fortis [etc.]. 1805 WORDSW. Prelude iv. i When 
quickening steps Followed each other. 1870 H. MACMILLAN 
Bible Teach, Pref. 15 Bursting buds and quickening roots. 

Quickening-grass : see QUICKENING so. 

Quicken-tree : see QUICKEN sbJ- 

Quick-eyed, a. Having a quick eye (see 
QUICK a. 20). Also/^-. 

a 1616 BEAUM. & FL. Bondnca iv. Hi, Care, counsel, Quick- 
eyed experience, and victory. 1647 H. MORE Song of Soul 
H. iii. in. xli, The cheerfull children of the quick-ey'd Morn. 
1717-46 THOMSON Summer 253 The quick -eyed trout Or dart- 
ing salmon. 1809-10 CoLERiDCE/>7>^(i865)2i4 Brissot. . 
was rather a sublime visionary than a quick -eyed politician. 
1876 T. HARDY Ethelberta (1890) 215 A quick-efed, light- 
haired, slight-built woman. 

Quick-grass: see QUICK sb.% 

Quickhatch (kwi'kiheetf). Also 8 queeque-, 
9 quicke-. [An adaptation of the Cree (Indian) 
name, given by Richardson as okeecoohagees or 
-gew, by Watkins (1865) as kwekwi4kao\ from 
other Algonquin dialects come the forms CARCAJOU 
and KINKAJUU.] The wolverene. 



QUICKLY. 

1743 M. CATFSBV Nat. Hist. I. xxx, The quickhatch . . ha* 
not been observed by any author, or known in Europe, till 
the year 1737, one was sent to Sir Hans Sloane. 1744 
A. DOBBS Countries Adjacent to Hudson's Bay 40 The 
beavers have three enemies, man, otters, and the carcajou 
or queequehatch. 1829 J. RICHARDSON Fauna Boreali- 
Americana I. 42 The European labourers in the service of 
the Hudson's Bay Company term it Quickehatch. 

Quick hedge : see QUICK a, 3 b. 

Qui* eking, vbl. sbl rare. [f. QUICK r/. 1 + 

-ING*.] =QUICKENING vkl. $b. 

ci^oo Afol. Loll. 54 pe principale and J>e finale wark of 
Crist.. is pe quiking_ of soulis. a 1666 BROME On Death 
K. Charles 18 He did fall, Whose influence gave quicking 
to us all. 1825 J. NICHOLSON Operat. Mechanic 710 Some- 
times the amalgam is applied to the surface to be gilt, with- 
out any quicking, by spreading it with aqua-fords. 

Qurcking, vbL sb? rare. [f. QUICK v.2 + 
-ING 1 .] a. The action of planting with 'quick'. 
b. concr. The quicksets for a hedge. 

1469-70 Durham Ace. Rolls (Surtees) 244 Et sol .ijs. pro le 
qwyking sepium unius clausura?. 1485-6 Ibid, 649 Pro le 
qwhykkyng circa clausur. ..vijj. 1664 EVELYN Sylva (1776) 
402, 1 find most do greatly affect the vulgar way of Quicking. 

Quicking-drag : see QUICK z/.s 

Qui'cklime. [f. QUICK a. + LIME, after L. tatx 
viva (Vitruvius), F. chaux vive y etc.] Lime which 
has been burned and not yet slaked with water ; 
calcium oxide, CaO. 

r 1400 Rom. Rose 4179 The mortere .. Of quykke lyme 
persant and egre. 1489 CAXTON Faytes of A. n. xxxix. 163 
To be cast to the shyp of the enemies pottes full of quyk 
lyme made in to pouldre. #1533 LD. BEBNERS Huon cxii. 
389 They cast vpon them hote lede and boylynge oyle and 
quycke Lyme. 1590 WEBBE Trav. (Arb.) 31 Constrained 
to drinke salte water and quicklime. 1685 BOYLE Salubr. 
Air 61 Such a thick smoke as good quicklime is wont to 
doe, whilst men slake it with water. 1703 MOXON Mech. 
Exerc. 242 Quick Lime . . consumes dead Bodies put therein. 
1813 SIR H. DAVY Agric. Chem. vii. (1814) 317 Quicklime 
in its pure state, .is injurious to plants. 1873 B. STEWART 
Conserv. Force iii. 58 Limestone . . is decomposed when 
subjected to the heat of a lime-kiln, carbonic acid being 
given off, while quick-lime remains behind. 

attrib. 1684 BOYLE Poroitsn. Anim. <$ Solid Bod. vi. 55 Dip 
a very large Sponge in good Quick-lime-water. 1861 FLOR, 
NIGHTINGALE Nursing \\, 23 Washing the walls and ceilings 
with quick-lime wash. 

f Qui*ckly, a. Obs. rare" 1 . In 5 qwhikly. 
[f. QUICK a. + -LYl. Cf. ON. kuikligr.] Lively. 

1435 MISYN Fire of Love 96 If t>ou lufe in bis maner. .to 
] at qwhikly syght }>ou salt be nere full glorius. 

Quickly (kwi'kli), adv. Forms: see QUICK a. 
(Also comp. 3cwicluker, 5qwyklyar,qwhykliar; 
sup. qwhikestly, 6 quyklyst.) [f. QUICK a. + 
-LY2. Cf. pN. kvikliga^ 

1 1. In a living or lively manner ; with animation 
or vigour ; also, with strong feeling, sensitively. Obs. 

r TOGO Ags. Ps. (Th.) cxviii. 37 Me on soSne wej jiinne .. 
laede cwiculice. c 1330 R. BRUNNE Chron. Wace (Rolls) 
6722 Be $e doughty, & lereb of armes, & quykly defende 
3ow fro narmes. c 1380 WYCLIF Serni. Sel. Wks. II. 251 
Men shulden. .do quycly wib J>er lippis bi resoun of Goddis 
cause. 1435 MISYN Fire of Love 77, I suld more loy or 
ellis qwyklyar sy.nge. c 1440 HYLTON Scala Perf. (W. de 
W. 1494) n. xxviii, Suche a man.. is soo quyckely and soo 
felyngly inspired. ^1449 PKCOCK Repr. i. ix. 47 It is quikli 
and smertli spoken. 15^6 DAI.RYMPLE tr. Leslie's Hist. 
Scot. ix. 153 Al his speiking euer taisted of heavinlmes..to 
. .steir thame up quiklier, quha war in the gud way. 1738 
WARBURTON Div. Legat. ii. iv. (R.). It was proper to 

T.L -II !.- 



Div. Legat. \\. iv. (RO, It was 
represent a perfect lawgiver as quickly touched with alt th 



affections of humanity. 1800 in Spirit Pub, Jrnls. IV. 340 
Ministers of state have a right to feel rather quickly upon 
the subject of character. 

fb. With quickness of perception. Obs. 

c 1330 R. BRUNNE Chron. Wace (Rolls) 7782 By alle \>e 
costes quykly to wake pat no Saxoyn on 3ow aryue. 1486 
Bk. St. AlbansC\\\) b, Of sharpenesse of hir corage and of 
hir lokyng quicly. 1587 GOLDINO De Mornay xiv. 217 
There are beasts which do heere, see, smel, taste, and feele 
much better and quicklier than man doth. 

t C. In a life-like manner ; to the life. Obs. 

c 1477 CAXTON Jason 84 An ymage of fyn golde so quickly 
made after the facon of appollo that it semed proprely his 
persone. c 1535 SKELTON Garl. Lanrel 592 A lybbard,.. 
As quikly towchyd as it were flesshe and bones, a 1519 



$6 

lses 



1 274 IN 

competent, So quiklie or liklie A form to represent. 
2. Rapidly, with haste or speed. 

a. Describing the rate of progress in a motion, 
action, or process, without consideration of the 
time at which it begins and ends. 

1297 R. GLOUC. (Rolls) 7455 His folc quicliche to f>e 
bataile sscet. a 1400-50 Alexander 1414 Sum braidis to 
bar bowis .. Quethirs out quarels quikly betwene. i$ 
Pilgr. Perf. (W. de W. 1531) 119 We may fele our puls 
bete quikly and continually. <ziS48 HALL Chron., Hen. 
50 He. . folowed so quickely that the Frenchmen turnyng to 
flyght, ranne [etc.]- 1829 LANDOR I mag. Conv. t Marvel ft 
Bp. Parker\\ks. 1853 II. m/i We. .throw them down in 
the dirt to make them followus the quicklier. i86oTvNDALL 
Gtac. ii. i. 226 The wings of the small insect vibrate more 
quickly than those of the larger one. 

b. Denoting that the whole action or process is 
begun and ended within a comparatively short 
space of time. 

a ias Ancr. K. 270 Ich chulle gon nu slepen & arisen 
minon, & don cwicluker ben nu ^et ich schulde don nu. 
c 1420 Pallad. on Hnsb. vi. 122 So smyte hem of, quycly 



QUICK MARCH. 

that hit be do. 1433 MISYN Fire of Love 81 Now qwhykliar, 
now slawlyer, it warmes. 1544 PHAER Rcgim. Lyfe (1553] 
E iij, A little good wine, .is the chiefe thing that quickliest 
restoreth him. 1596 DALRYMPLE tr. Leslie's Hist. Scot. I. 
95 Breid wil thay make quiklier . . [in this way] nor vthirwyse. 
1629 EARLE Microcosm., High-spirited Matt (Arb.) 92 A 
man quickly fired, and quickly laid downe with satisfaction. 
1677 JOHNSON in Ray's Corr. (1848) 128 Possibly their 
stomach may digest very quickly. 1747 WESLEY Prim. 
Physic. (1762) 117 This quickly heals even cut Veins and 
Sinews. xSiz A. T. THOMSON Land. Disp. (1818) 607 On 
this account decoctions should be quickly made. 1861 
FLOR. NIGHTINGALE Nursing 41 Leave the sick room 
quickly and come into it quickly, not suddenly, nor with 
a rush. 

c. Denoting that there is little or no interval 
between a given point in time and the doing of an 
act or happening of an event (freq. also implying 
a or b) ; without delay ; very soon, shortly. 

CMOS LAV. 4697 He.. bad hine quicliche ajeuen him his 
quene. 1330 Arth. <fr Merl. 7809 (KSlbing) Soriandes .. 
ojain ferd For to taken quiclike be children. 1393 LANGL. 
P. PI. C. xxi. 76 Quikliche cam a cacchepol, and craked 
a-two here legges. 1490 CAXTON Eneydos xxvi. 94 Aryse 
vp quykly without taryenge. 1539'1'AVERNER Erasm.Prov. 
('545) 25 He gyueth twyse, y' gyueth quyckelye. 1593 
SHAKS. 3 /fen. VI, iv. i. 132 They are alreadie, or quickly 
will be landed. 1605 Macb. iv. iii. 200 If it be mine 
Keepe it not from me, quickly let me haue it. 1666 BUNYAN 
Grace Abound. 29 But quickly after this, I fell in company 
with one poor man. 1779-81 JOHNSON L. P., Mallet Wks. 
1787 IV. 282 The series of great men, quickly to be 
exhibited. 1847 MRS. A. KERR Hist. Servia. 308 Retalia- 
tion and vengeance quickly followed. 1888 Pall Mall G. 
12 Dec. 12/z Quickly afterwards a Conservative member . . 
carried it off. 

3. Used with ppl. adjs., as quickly-aging, gone, 
growing, -speaking, working. 

1597 GERARDE Herbal Table Eng. Names, Quickly gone 
flower, that is Uenice Mallow. 1866 DOLING Anim. Chem. 
50 A quickly-growing leafy plant. 1870 W. D. CHRISTIE 
in Dryden's Wks. (Globe) p. xv.An active and quickly 
working brain. 1874 LISLE CARR Jnd. Gvjynne I. i. 44 The 
quickly-speaking eyes of the dashing warrior. 

Quick march.. Mil. [In i, f. QUICK a. + 
MARCU sli. In i, f. (or altered to) QUICK <fo. 2 + 
MARCH v.] 

1. A march in QDICK TIME. Also fig. 

175* HUME Ess. t, Treat. (1777) I. 287 That quick march 
of the spirits . . does in the end exhaust the mind. 1796 
fnstr. $ Reg. Cavalry (1813) 247 The Quick March, 108 
steps in a minute. 1867 SMYTH Sailor's Word-bk., Quick 
march, . . the ordinary pace is 3} miles to the hour, or no 
paces (275 feet)to the minute. 

attrib. 1851 DICKENS Bleak Ho. II. iii. 32 Softly whistling, 
in quick-march time. 

2. Used as a command to soldiers to march in 
quick time (see quots. 1803 and 1833). 

1801 TAMES Atilit. Diet., Quick .. forms the cautionary 
part of a word of command when troops are ordered to 
move in quick time j as Quick March. 1833 Regul. fnstr. 
Cavalry 1. 18 Quick March. The commandgaic*, March, 
is to be given with a pause between the words, the word 
Quick being considered as a caution. 1887 Times (weekly 
ed.) 18 Nov. 2/4 The words of command were .. ( Eyes front, 
by your right, quick march '. 

Quick-match. A quick-burning match used 
for firing cannon, igniting fire-works, shells, etc., 
consisting of cotton-wick soaked in a composition 
of gum, spirits, water, and gunpowder. 

1765 R. JONES Fireworks ii. 66 Quick-match is generally 
made of such cotton AS is put in candles. 1803 WELLINGTON 
Let, toCol.Stevenscmm&wnt.Dcsp. (1837) II. 418 Ashell 
or two. .having in them a bit of quick match, besides the 
fuse^ 1847 ALB. SMITH Chr. Tadpole xxxviii. (1870)324 Any 
family wrong acted like a quick-match amongst them all. 

attrib : iSos JAMES Milit. Diet. s.v. Laboratory, Stores 
for a Fire-ship of 100 tons. .Quick -match barrels i. 

Quickness (kwi-knea). [f. QUICK a. + -NESS.] 

1. Life, vitality, vital principle. Now rare. 

a 1135 Ancr. R. 150 pe rinde. .is pe treouwes warde, & wit 
[ keeps] hit ine strencSe & ine cwicnesse. c 1440 Prontp. 
Parv. 421/1 Quyknesse, of lyve, vita. 1538 STARKEY 
Dialogue 87 In a goute the handys and fete .Toe as dede, 
wythout lyfe and quyknes to procure thyngys necessary 
for the body. 1545 RAYNOLD Byrth Mankynde 139 The 
lyfe and quycknesse of the grayne is vtterly destroyed. 
1613 M. RIDLEY Magn. Bodies 63 As though they had a new 
life of quicknesse infused into them. 1655 H. VAUGHAN 
Silex Scintill. n. Quickness v, Life is . . A quickness, which 
my God hath kist. 1883 Pop. Sci. Monthly XXII. 168 All 
the energies seen in nature are .. but manifestations of the 
essential life or quickness of matter. 

1 2. Animation, liveliness, briskness, vigour, fresh- 
ness, etc. 06s. 

c 1369 CHAUCER Dtthe Blaunche 26 Defaulte of slepe, and 
hevynesse Hath sleyne my spirite of quyknesse. c 1430 
Pol. Rel. 4- L. Poems (1866) 28 To grant it [a statue] lyfe 
and qwiknesse of langage. 1529 MORE Dyalogc n. Wks. 1557 
1183/1 Make hym do al hys good woorkes wearyly, and 
withoute consolacion or quyckenes. 1589 PUTTENHAM Eng, 
Poesie I. xxvii. (Arb.) 69 That disticke of Virgil . . I will 
recite for the breifnes and quicknes of it. 1656 A rtif. Hand- 
som. 162 Adding a quicknesse of complexion to the face. 

3. Liveliness, readiness, rapidity, or acuteness of 
feeling, perception or apprehension. 

a. Physical ; esp. of the eyes or sight. 
1398 TREVISA Barth. De P. R. v. xxix. (1495) 140 For 
quyknes and lyfnes of thesynewes. . in the ouermest partyes 
of the fyngres. |6jj COCKERAM it, Quicknesse of sight, 
perspicacitie. 1695 La PRESTON Bocth. i. 3 A Woman . . 
with sparkling Eyes, which were of an extraordinary Force 
and Quickness. 1841 LwEArat. Nts. 1. 127 The astonish- 
ing quickness of sight of one of the hawks. 



56 

b. Mental; of the mind, etc. 

1516 Pilgr. Per/. (W. de W. 1531) 216 b, He hath this 
viuacite or quycknes of wytte. 1596 DALRYMPLE tr. Leslie's 
Hist. Scot. I. 118 Our lelderis, throuch quiknes of thair 
ingine perceiued perfytlie . . the dissolute maneris of thair 
people. 111661 FULLER Worthies (1840) 11.382 Whom he 
much resembled in quickness of parts. 1735 POPE Ep. Lady 
97 With too much Quickness ever to ije taught. 179! 
EDGEWORTH Pract. Educ. (1822) I. 115 Attentive patience 
can do as much as quickness of intellect. 1884 L. J. JEN- 
NINGS Croker Papers I. viii. 233 A man of great quickness 
of spirit and acuteness. 

4. Speed, rapidity (of action, motion, etc.); sharp- 
ness (of a curve) ; hastiness (of temper). 

a 1548 HALL Chron., Hen. K6o Their quicknes and swift- 
nes did more prejudice to theyr enemyes. 1597 HOOKER 
Eccl. Pol. v. xxxiii, As if they were darts thrown out with a 
kind of sudden quickness. 1698 G. THOMAS Pensilvania 41 
The Water-Mills far exceed those in England.. for quick, 
ness. 1719 Col. 2fec : Pennsylv. III. 366 His Horse was 
hurt through the quickness of the Journey. 1796 MORSE 
Amer. Geog. I. 62 The quickness of vegetation .. proceeds 
from the duration of the sun above the horizon. 1858 
Skyrin/fs Builder's Prices (ed. 48) 57 The quickness of the 
curve and depth of the quirks make them difficult of access 
to work. 1863 A. BLOMPIELD Mem. Bp. Blomfield II. ix. 
180 A quickness of temper which .. marred the perfection of 
his character. 

b. With a and //. : A case or instance of this. 
1656 tr. Hobbes' Elem. Philos. (1839) 218 The sum of aL 

the several quicknesses or impetus. 1883 BESANT >4//m <z 

Garden Fair (1886) 78 Little quicknesses of gesture. 
1 5. Sharpness, keenness ; pungency or acidity of 

taste ; sharpness of speech. Obs. 
1611 BEKUM. & Fu Maicfs Trag. i. i. To see my sword, 

and feel The quickness of the edge. 1647 CLARENDON His t. 

Reb. i. 83 Her Majesty answering with some quickness. 

1651-61 HEYLIN Cosmogr. in. (1682) 29 Lemmons, Pome- 

granats, Citrons . . much praised for their quickness of taste. 

1741 Compl. Fam.-Piece I. i. 52 The Quickness of the Liquor, 

which may make him weep. 1748 RICHARDSON Clarissa I. 

xvii. (1811) 117 This quickness upon me. .is not to be borne. 
Quicksand (kwi-ksamd). [ME. (f. QUICK a. lo), 

= Du. kwikzand, G. quick-, Da. kvik-, Sw. qvick- 

sand, Icel. kviksandr; but it is doubtful whether 

all of these are independent formations.] 
1. A bed of extremely loose wet sand, easily 

yielding to pressure and thus readily swallowing 
up any heavy object resting on it. Quicksands are 
frequent on some coasts, and are very dangerous to 
travellers, stranded ships, etc. 

14. . Burlesque in Reliq. Antiq. (1841) I. 82, -vij. acurs of 
londe betwyxeDover and Qwykkesand. 1480 CAXTON Chron. 
Eng. ccxliv. (1482) 304 He brought hem thurgh a quyke 
sand and so in to an He. 1513 FITZHERB. Huso. 128 It is 
in manner of a quycke sande that harde it is for any thynge 
to goe ouer. 1610 HOLLAND Camden's Brit. L 753 Uncer- 
taine sands .. ready to catch and swallow, they call them 
Quick -sands, c 1700 PRIOR The Ladle 26 Amphitrite clean 
his way From rocks and quicksands in the sea. 1784 
COWPER Tiroc, 870 Conscious that there lay. .quicksands in 
his way. 1851 MAYNE REID Scalp Hunt. v. 39, I was 
sinking in a quicksand. 

b. fig. Applied to things (more rarely to persons) 
having the absorbent, yielding, or treacherous 
character of a quicksand. 

i93 SHAKS, 3 Hen. VI, v. iv. 26 What [is] Clarence, but 
juick-sand of Deceit ? 1601 MARSTON A ntonio's Rev. iv. 
iv, I am a poore, poore orphan t . . the very ouze, The quick- 
sand that devours all miserie. 1608 MIDDLETON Trick to 
Catch Old One i. i, Swallowed in the quicksands of law- 
quillets. 1697 Jos. WOODWARD Relig. Sac. x. (1704) 157 Self- 
conceit . . is a quicksand in which thousands have been 
swallowed up. 1781 COWPER Progr. Err, 552 Sinking in the 
quicksand he defends, He dies disputing. 1879 CHURCH 
Spenser 161 He once more tried the quicksands of the Court. 

attrib. 01616 BEAUM. & Fu Bonduca IL i, Fling their 
fame and fortunes Into this Britain gulf, this quicksand ruin. 

2. Without article : Loose yielding sand. 

1838 Civil Eng. 4 Arch. JrnL I. 151/1 It passes through 
quicksand, clay [etc.]. 1859 MARCY Prairie Trav. iii. 75 A 
man incurs no danger in walking over quicksand provided 
he step rapidly. 1881 RAYMOND Mining Gloss., Quicksand, 
sand which is. .shifting, easily movable or semi-liquid. 

Hence Qui'cksaond v. in pass., to be stuck in a 
quicksand. Qui'cksanded a., full of quicksands. 
//;'. Qui-cksandy a., of the nature of a quicksand. 

1614 T. ADAMS Phys. from Heaven Wks. 1861 I. 358 The 
rotten, moorish, quicksandy grounds, that some have set 
:heir edifices on. 1618 MYNSHUL Ess. Prison, faylors 30 
Many men . . forsake the calmes of their owne happy 
fortunes, to arriue on these quicksanded Shores. 1899 
Westm. Gaz. 20 May 5/2 The animal and the cart became 
quicksanded. 

Quickset (kwi-kset), s&.l and a. Also 5-6 
quyk-, 6 quyck-, quyke-, 7 qnic-, etc. [f. QUICK 
a. 3 + SET///, a. and **.] 

1. a. collect. Live slips or cuttings of plants, set 
in the ground to grow, esp. those of whitethorn 
or other shrub of which hedges are made. 

1484 Kent roll St. Wolstan's Hasp,, Worcester (Bodleian 
Rolls, Wore. No. i), Et soluti pro fodicione . . cum Quyksette 
hoc anno ijs. jd. 1573 TUSSER Husb. (1878) 51 Where 
speedy quickset for a fence ye wil drawe. 1607 J. NORDEN 
Sum. Dial. v. 237 They plant them in hedges, and the 
quickset of them make a strong fence. 17*7 BRADLEY Fam. 
Diet. s.v. Agriculture, To make a Hedge and lay the 
Quickset, is three Pence a Pole. 1816 SOUTHEY Ea. (1832) 
I. 206 He. .inclosed the ground with a single row of quick- 
set. 1837 DICKENS Pick, v, To extricate their unfortunate 
companions from their bed of quickset. 

fig. 1847-9 HELPS Friends in C. Ser. i. (1851) II. 4 Men 



QUICKSILVER. 

would have one sturdy quickset of the. same height and 
colour both in their fellow-men and their hedges. 

b. With a and//. A single slip or cutting of this 
kind. 

1513 FITZHERB. Husb. 124 Get thy quycksettes in the 
wode-contrey and let them be of whyte thorne and crabtre 
for they be beste ; holy and hasell be good. 1601 HOLLAND 
Pliny I. 530 When a quick-set of a vine is planted in a vine- 
yard. 1669 WORLIDCE Syst. Agric. (1681) 266 Plant Timber- 
trees, or any Coppice-wood, or Hedge-wood ; and also 
Quick-sets. 1794 Act for inclosing South Kelsey 13 For 
preserving the young Quicksets to be planted in the Fences. 
1866 ROGERS Agric. e, Prices I. xviii. 428 Quicksets are also 
purchased, for the same purposes as those which are familiar 
to the modern agriculturist. 

2. A quickset hedge or thicket. 



quick-set about mee. 1680 OTWAY Caius Marius iv. i, A 
new Quick-set, which I had just made to keep the Swine 
from the Beans. 1768 PENNANT Brit. Zool. II. 338 They 
generally chuse a quickset to make their nest in. 1896 
Cornh. Mar. Dec. 799 We strode with difficulty . . through 
this great dark quickset of nature. 

trans/. 1605 BACON Adv. Learn, n. vii. 8 7 The haires of 
the Eye-liddes are for a quic-sette and fence about the 
Sight. 1650 FULLER Pisgah iv. ii. 34 Esau, who Satyr-like 
had a quickset of hair on his body. 

B. adj. (or attrib.) Of a hedge : Formed of 
living plants. So also with fence, rank, row, 
screen, etc. Cf. QUICK a. 3 b. 

1535 Nottingham Rec. III. 374 For cuttyng up the quyke 
set hege. 1597-8 Bp. HALL Sat. v. i. As thicke as wealthy 
Scrobioes quicke-set rowes. Ibid, iii, Beset around with 
treble quickset ranks. 1644 in Rushw. Hist. Coll. in. 1 1. 743 
Between the Pallisado's and the quick-set Hedge. 1774 
GOLDSM. Nat. Hist. (1776) IV. 10 An hare, sorely hunted, 
has got upon the top of a cut quick-set hedge. 1819 S K nu v 
Peter Bell the Third v. xi, Many a ditch and quickset 
fence. 1875 W. S. HAYWARD Love agst. World ii They 
approached the first hedge, a pretty stiff quickset one. 



trans/, andyi'.f. 1631 HEVWOOD vndPt. 'iron Age n. Wks, 
1874 III- 382 Are we not rounded with a quick-set hedge Of 
pointed steele ? 1653 STERRV Eng. Deliv. North. Presb. 7 
Enclosed with the Quick-set hedge of his Divine Wisdome. 
1816 COLERIDGE Statesm. Man. (1817) 356 Aristotle's works 
a quickset hedge of fruitless and thorny distinctions ! 
D. transf. Of a beard : Rough, bristling. 

1599 B. JONSOM Ev. Man out 'of Hum, v. viii, Hang him 
rascall . .with his wilde quickset beard there. 

Quick-set, sbt (See ouot.) 

1851 P. Parley's Ann. 174 What are technically called 
quick-sets, which consist of a screw and a nut, provided 
with a large hook at the top, and a small pointed hook at 
the bottom. 

t Quickset, v. Obs. [f. QUICKSET sb?\ trans. 
To furnish (plant, enclose, etc.) with a quickset 
hedge. Also absol. 

1508 in Cal. Doc. Scotl. (1888) 351 [To] diche, quyk set, 
enclose, and dyvyde into clausures the boundes of Berwyk. 
1523 FITZHERB. Husb. 123 It is lesse cost for hym.. to 
quyck set dyche and hedge. 1573 TUSSER Husb, (1878) 113 
Bankes newly quicksetted, some weeding doo craue. 163* 
EARL OF CORK Diary in Lisnwre Papers Ser. i. (1886) ifi. 
166 Enclosing and quicksetting the lands. x6jw PETTY Pol. 
Anat. (1691) 14 Gardens. . ditch 'd and quicksetted. 

Hence f Quicksetting vbl. sb. Obs. 

1533 FITZHERB. Husb. 124 If thou haue pastures, thou 
muste nedes haue quyckesettynge, dychynge and plassh- 
ynge. 1541 Nottingham Rec. III. 390 Dykyng and quyck. 
settyng of the Long Hedge. 

f Quickshaw, obs. variant of KICKSHAW. 

1655 tr. Com. Hist. Frandon HI. 73 Tarts, Custards, Fruit, 
and such like quickshawes. 

tQuickship. Obs. rare 1 . = QUICKNESS. 

a IMS Ancr. R. 150 Ine strencSe & ine cwicnesse {MS. C. 
quicshipej. 

Quick-sighted. (Stress variable.) [f. quick 
sight + -ED*: see QUICK a. 20 b.] Having quick 
sight, (lit. and _/%-.) 

155* HULOET, Quycke syghted, oculatus. 1571 GOLDING 
Calvin on Ps. Ixiii. 17 They doo nought else but dote, that 
wil bee wel eyed and qutcksighted of themselves. 1610 
HOLLAND Camden's Brit. \. 348 A man right skilfull and 
deepely quick-sighted. 1677 HORNECK Gt. Law Consid. v. 
(1704) 353 Such writings, as acute and quick-sighted men had 
dispersed throughout the world. *755 SMOLLETT Quix. 
(1803) IV. 296 The boys, who are quick-sighted as lynxes. 
177* PRIESTLEY Inst. Relig. (1782) I. 400 They are quick- 
sighted to foresee. 1837 W. IRVING Capt. Bonneville II. 03 
It was dangerous to . . light a lire . . where such . . quick- 
sighted enemies were at nand. 1870 Miss BRIDGMAN R. 
Lynne I. xi. 165 Rose was quicker-sighted. 

Hence Quick si' ghtedness. 

1652 J. WRIGHT tr. Camus' Nat. Paradox iv. 84 The 
Symptomes, whereby his quick-sighted ness read her Disease. 
1749 FIELDING Tom Jones xi. x, Quick-sightedness into 
evil. 1869 J. MARTINEAU Ess. II. 400 The mere quick- 
".ightedness of a pilot in a strange sea. 

QuicksilV6r(kwi'ksHv3j),,$A \QfiL.cwicscolfor 
=^)HG. quecsilbar^ -silper (MHG. quec-, kecsilber t 
^. quecksilber\ Du. kwikzilver, ON. kviksilfr (Sw. 
qvicksilfver ', Da. kwtg- t kvik$ofo) t after \^.argentum 
rivwn (Pliny) : see QUICK a. and SILVER.] 

1. The metal mercury, so called from its liquid 
mobile form at ordinary temperatures. 

ciooo Sax. Leechd. II, 356 Wi|> magan wserce rudan saed 
: cwic seolfor. c 1386 CHAUCER Can. Yeom. Prol, <$ T. 269 
The firste spirit quyksiluer called is. 1436 Pol. Poems 
Rolls) II. 160 Commodytes . . commynge out of Spayne, 

.Bene fygues.. Saffron, quicksilver. 1555 EDEN Decades 
335 By the helpe of quickesyluer it is drawen owt. 1615 



QUICKSILVER. 

N. CAEPENTEK Gtog. Del. n. v. (1635) 71 Quick-siluer . . will 
gather it selfe to a round body. 1669 WORI.IDGF. Syst. Agric. 
(1681) 309 This Column of Quick-silver in the Tube, is 
supported by the weight of the Air Ambient. i?8j COWPER 




spattered qu ,- 

Quicksilver is met with pure in minute globules, but for the 
purposes of commerce it is obtained from one of its ores, 
cinnabar, a red sulphide of mercury. 

2. Used allusively, a. with reference to the quick 
motion of which the metal is capable. 

1562 J. HEVWOOD Proa, fy Epigr. (1867) 165 She is quycke 
syluer. 1621 BACON Hen, VII 102 Perkin (who was made 
of Quick-silver, which is hard to hold or imprison) began to 
stirre. 1820 SCOTT Abbot xix, Thou hast quicksilver in the 
veins of thee to a certainty. 1889 Roy's Own Paper 17 Aug. 
730/3, I . . had come off the journey with my veins full of 
quicksilver. 

b. with ref. to its use in mirrors (see the vb.). 
1851 ROBERTSON Serm. Ser. n. xii. (1864) 166 The dull 
quicksilver of their own selfishness behind the glass. 

3. atlrib. and Comb. a. attributive, in senses 
' consisting of, containing, pertaining to, etc. quick- 
silver', as quicksilver bath, battery, earth, field, 
globe, mine, ore, plaster, ship, tank,valve,water,etc. 

1552 HULOET, Quyckesyluer earth, antrax. a 1631 DONNE 
Poems, Apparition, In a cold Quicksilver bath. 1685 Lonti. 
Gaz. No. 1996/1 The Quick-Silver Ships may be expected 
this month at Cadiz. 1731 MRS. DELANV Antoliiog. (1861) 
III. 53 Quick-silver-water is the most effectual remedy for 
worms. 1756-7 tr. Keysler's Traa. (1760) IV. 152 Cinnabar 
orquicksilver ore. 1839 MARRYAT Phant. Ship iii. (1874) 25 
In the centre of the ceiling hung a quicksilver globe, a 
common ornament in those days. 1877 RAYMOND Statist. 
Mines ff Mining 10 A very important quicksilver-field is 
about to be opened in the far north, laid. 260 A.. clever 
arrangement of quicksilver-tanks. 

b. attrib. in sense ' resembling quicksilver (in 
quickness of movement) ', as quicksilver mind, 
rebel, rogue, temper. 

1655 GURNALL Chr. in Arm. V. 4 (1669) 94/1 Labour 
therefore in hearing the Word to fix thy quick-silver mind. 
1676 W. HUBBARD Happiness of People 29 These are 
Inguicta ingenia of Quick-silver tempers. 1796 EARL BAL- 
CARRES in Bryan Edwards Proc. Maroon Negroes (1796) 35 
Until such time as these quick-silver rebels are under lock 
and key. 1863 COWDEN CLARKE Shales. Char. xiv. 360 That 
prince of quicksilver rogues Master Autolycus. 

C. objective, and obj. genitive, as quicksilver- 
feeder, -fixation, -producing adj., -reduction, etc. 

1834 MACAULAY Ess., Pitt (1887) 306 The periwig company, 
and the Spanish-jack-ass-company, and the quicksilver- 
fixation-company. 1877 RAYMOND Statist. Mines <$ Mining 
19 Coming south from Trinity, the next quicksilver-pro* 
ducing locality . . is in the Coast Range. 1882 Rep. Ho. 
Repr. Free. Met. U.S. 507 A quicksilver feeder has been 
devised for feeding mercury to gold mills. 

Hence Qui-cksi Iverish a., somewhat quick- 
silvery (hence Qni'cksi Iverishness ; Qxii ck- 
sMvery a., of the nature of, resembling, quicksilver. 

1611 COTGR., Vtf-Argentin, quicke-siluerie. 1829 Anni- 
versary, Honeycomb * Bitter Gourd 118 The flighty and 
quicksilvery youth of the parish. 1852 MRS. CRMK Agatha's 
Husband II. i. 17 She had . . a certain quicksilverishness of 
manner, jumping here there everywhere like mercury on 
a plate. 1891 T. HARDY Tess (1900) 70/2 The quicksilvery 
glaze on the rivers and pools. 

Quicksilver (kwi-ksi Ivaj), v. [f. prec. sb.] 
To treat, imbue, or mix with quicksilver ; esp. to 
coat (the back of glass) with an amalgam of tin in 
order to give a reflecting power. 

1704 NEWTON Optics (1721)94 Metal, .reflects not so much 
Light as Glass quick-siiver'd over does. 1799 G. SMITH 
Laboratory I. 178 How to Quicksilver the inside of Glass 
Globes, so as to make them look like Looking-glass. 1831 
BREWSTER Optics i. 4 The glass is always quicksilvered on 
the back, to make it reflect more light. 

Hence Qni cksi Ivered ppl. a. (in early quots. 
fig.}. Quicksilvering- vol. s6., the action or 
process of coating, etc., with quicksilver; also 
concr. a coating of quicksilver or amalgam. 

1599 E. SANDYS Eiiropx Spec. (1632) So Those nimble and 

Sucksilverd braines which itch after change. 1645 
OWELL Lett. (1650) I. iv. 21 The Leaden-heeld pace of the 
one, and the Quick-silver'd motions of the other. 1753 
PARSONS in Phil. Trans. XLVIII. 380, 1 took a quicksilver^ 
glass. 1823 J. NICHOLSON Oferat. Mechanic 728 The 
quicksilvered tin-foil adheres, .firmly to the glass. 

Quick step, qui ckstep. 

1. Mil. The step used in marching in quick time. 
Also quasi-aafe., at a quick step. 

1802-1876 [see QUICK TIME], 1875 W. MC!LWRAITH Guide 
Wigtownshire 51 We now move, quick-step, over the 
pasture-fields. 

transf. 1877 TALMACE 50 Serin. 26 Nearly all the verses 
of the Bible have a quick-step. 

2. Mus. A march in military quick time. 

1811 BUSBY Diet. Mus., Quick-step, a species of march 
generally wr 'en in two crotchets in a bar. 1885 Harpers 
Mag. Feb. 384/1 The drum . . beats a . . quickstep. 1897 
H. PORTER Campaigning with Grant in Century Mag. 
Apr. 826 Bands were playing stirring quicksteps. 

Quick stick(a : see QUICK a. D. 

Quick time. Mil. A rate of marching which 
in the British army now consists of 128 paces of 
33 inches each (=118 yards) in a minute, or four 
miles an hour. Formerly the rate per minute was 
108, then u6, and latterly 120 paces of 30 inches 
each (cf. quots. and DOUBLE-QUICK). 
VOL. VIII. 



57 

1802 JAMES Milit. Diet., Quick Step, or Quick Time, is 
108 steps of 30 inches each, or 270 feet in a minute, and 
is the step used in all filings of divisions. Quickest Step, or 
Quickest Time is 120 steps of 30 inches each, or 300 feet in 
a minute. 1833 Regul. Instr. Cavalry \. 18 The Quick 
Step, The cadence of the slow pace having become.. 
habitual to the recruits, they are. .to be taught to march in 
'quick time', which is 108 steps in a minute, each of 30 
inches. 1876 VOYLE & STEVENSON Milit. Diet., Quick- 
time, a pace soldiers ordinarily march at, viz. 3-3 miles an 
hour. Ibid. s. v. Step, Quick step, a military step of 30 
inches, with a cadence. .of 116 per minute, in the British 
army. It constitutes what is technically called quick time 
in marching, 

b. quasi-flf/z'. In quick time. 

1816 SCOTT Old Mort. x, Come, come, Mrs. Janet march, 
troop- quick time. 

t Quick tree. Obs. rare 1 . -= QUICKEN sb.i 

1548 TURNER Names Herbes (E. D. S.) 54 Myrica, other- 
wyse named tamarix . . The Poticaries of London vse nowe 
for thys quik tree. 

Quick-witted, a. (Stress variable.) [f. quick 
epf?+-XD&.] Having a quick or ready wit ; mentally 
acute, sharp, clever. 

1530 TINDAL Pent., Lev. Prol. (1884) 297 Allegoryes make 
a man qwick wilted. 1596 SHAKS. Tarn. Shr. v. ii. 38 
How likes Gremio these quicke-witted folkes? 1693 DKVDI:^ 
Juvenal iii. (1697) 50 Quick-Witted, Brazen-fac'd, with 
fluent Tongues. 170* MEAD Mech. Ace. Poisons Wks. 
U775) 5<> Impatient, ready to action, quickwitted. 1824 
Miss MITFORD Village Ser. i. (1863) 133 There is always 
great freshness and originality in an uneducated and quick- 
witted person. 1870 LOWELL Among my Bks. Ser. i. (1873) 
189 The cultivated and quick-witted men in whose familiar 
society he lived. 

Hence Quick wi'ttedness. 

1863 COWDEN CLARKE Shaks. Char. x. 257 He has French 
quick- wit ted ness, French good temper. 1883 P. SCHAFF 
Hist. Church Per. i. II. Ixxxiii. 712 The curiosity and quick- 
wittedness of the Samaritan Magdalene. 

Qui'ckwood. [f. QUICK a, 3.] QUICK sb. 3, 
QUICKSET. (Chiefly attrib.'} 

1473-4 Durham Ace. /?<?/& (Surtees) 645 Pro..plantacione 
de le Whikwod. 1696 AUBREY Misc. (1721) 104 A Pond ., 
adjoyning to a Quick-wood-hedge. 1769 Adome Inclos. 
Act 10 All the new quick-wood fences. 1800 TUKE Agric. 
91 White thorn (provincially quickwood) constitutes the 
most common fence throughout the Riding. 1891 J. D. 
HOOD Waterspouts Yorksh. Wolds 25 Rooting up a strong 
quickwood fence. 

Qui*ck-work. Naut. (See quots.) 

1711 W. SUTHERLAND Shipbuild. Assist. 162 Quick-work ; 
that part of a Ship's Sides both within and without Board, 
above the Channel-wales and Decks. 1730 CAPT. W. 

' This 



deck. 1776 FALCONER Diet. Marine (ed. 2), Quc- or, . . a 
general name given to all that part of a ship which is 
under the surface of the water when she is laden. 1780 
Ibid. (ed. 3), Vibord, the quick-work, or that part of a ship's 
side., comprehended between the drift-rails and the waist- 
rail. 1850 Rudim. Navig. (Weale) 139 Quickwork. A 
denomination given to the strakes which shut in between 
the spirketing and clamps. 1867 SMYTH Sailor's Word'bk., 
Quick- Work, is also applied to that part of the inner upper- 
works of a ship above the covering board. Also, the short 

*anks worked inside between the ports. . . In general par- 
nee quick-work is synonymous with spirketting. 

t Quicqui'dlibet. Obs. rare*- 1 . [L., f. quic- 
quid whatever + libet it pleases.] Whatever one 
pleases, anything whatsoever. 

1647 WARD Simp. Cobler 22 A multimonstrous maufrey of 
heteroclytes and quicquidlibets. 

II Quid (kwid), sbl- [L. quid what, anything, 
something, neut. sing, of quis who, any one, etc.] 

1. That which a thing is. Cf. QUIDDITY i. 

1606 MARSTON Parasitaster i. ii, My age Hath scene the 
beings and the quide [sic] of things. 1611 L, BARRY Ram 
A lley in Dpdsley (1874) X. 363 A widow that has known the 
quid of things. 1675 [Bp. CROFT] Naked Truth 25 The 
quid, the quale, the quantum, and such-like quack-salving 
forms. 1727-41 CHAMBERS Cycl. s.v., Hence we have two 



kinds of quids, nominal . . and real. 1875 JOWETT Plato 
(ed. 2) I. 270 When I do not know the * quid ' of anything 
how can I know the 'quale'? 

f2. = QUIDDIT, QUIDDITY 2. Obs. rare 1 . 

1576 GASCOICNE Steeled. (Arb.) 77 That Logjke leape not 
ouer euery stile . . With curious quids to main taine argument. 

3. U* S, (abbrev. of tertium quid.} A name given 
to a section of the Republican party in 1805-11. 

1805 JEFFERSON Writ, (1830) IV. 45 Those called the third 
party, or Quids. 1882 H. ADAMS J. Randolph (1884) 182 
He belonged to the third party, the quiddists or quids, being 
that tertium quid.. which had no name, but was really an 
anti-Madison movement. 

Quid, sb.% slang. [Of obscure origin,] 

1, A sovereign; fa guinea. 

(PI. usually without -s, as two quid, a few* quid, etc.). 

1688 SHADWELL Sqr. Alsatia in. i, Let me equip thee 
with a Quid. 1791-3 in Spirit Pub. Jrnls. (1799) I. 244 The 
man . . rarely has more than from thirty to fifty quids a year. 
1796 Mod, Gulliver 165 The twenty last are worth full 
forty quid. 1834 H. AINSWORTH Rootnuood III. in. xiii. 
166 One quid, two coach wheels. 1883 BESANT All in 
Garden Fair n. x, It isn't two quid a week that will keep 
a young gentleman of your powers. 

f 2. //. (with -j.) Money, cash. Obs. rare. 

a 1700 B. E. Diet. Cant. Crew. 

Quid (kwid), jA.3 [var. of CUD sb. q.v.] A 
piece of something (usu. of tobacco), suitable to 
be held in the mouth and chewed. 

1727 in BAILEY vol. II. 1731 Gentl. Mag.\. 349 Spitting 
about the church . . As if he d got a quid m's mouth. 1780 
G. KEATE Ptlcw Isl. 27 Beetle-nut and Chinam, of which 



QUIDDITY. 

they had always a quid in their mouths. 1833 MARRYAT 
/'. Simple (1863) 89 Ihe first lieutenant, .perceived that he 
had a quid of tobacco in his cheek. 1883 STEVENSON Silver- 
ado Sq. (1886)68 His mind was.. revolving the problem of 
existence like a quid of gum. 

fig. 1805 W. HUNTER in Naval Chron. XIII. 35, 1 chewed 
my Quid of bitterness. 

t Quid, v^ Obs. Forms : i cwyddiau, 2-3 
cwidden, quidd(i)en. [OE. cwiddian, f. tavttC 
QUIDE (q.v.).] trans, and intr. To say, speak. 

c looo ALFRIC Horn. 11^388 Crist hi befran hu men cwyd- 



1200 OKMIN 3048 patt illke word wass 
.v. 9825 Bi-)>enc Jm a J>ine quides ^ 



dodon be him. 

cwiddedd aer. 1-1205 LAY. <, 

Jm sulf quiddest. c 1275 'Woman Samaria 55 In O. . 

Misc. 85 Nv quidde)> men, J>at cumen is Messyas. 

Quid, v2 [f. QUID sb*] 

1. intr. To chew tobacco ; to chew the cud. 
1773 in ASH. 1778 Gentl. Mag. July 311/1 The cow chews 

her cud, and the man, when he chews tobacco, calls it 
quidding. 1893 Surrey Gloss., Ouidding, chewing the cud. 
1 The heifer's getting better, she^ quidding all right '. 

2. trans. Of horses : To let (food) drop from the 
mouth when half chewed. 

1831 YOUATT Horse (1847) 258 The Horse quids his hay, 
and gulps his water. 1888 W. WILLIAMS Princ. Vet. Med. 
(ed. 5) 376 Soreness of the throat is indicated by ' quidding 
of the food '. 

Hence Qui'dder, a horse which * quids * (CasseWs 
Encycl Diet. 1886). 

II Quidam (kwai-dam). rare. [L., f. qui who: 
cf. QUIDAM.] Somebody ; a certain person. 

1579 E. K. Ded. Spenser's Sheph, Cal. Post-scr., So many 
vnworthy Quidams, which catch at the garlond which to 
you alone is dewe, 1624 BEDELL Lett. xi. 143 Who were these 
quidams that laid hands on Scory ? a 1641 BP. MOUNTACU 
Actsff Mon. (1642) 48 Some Indimduum vagum t a certaine 
Quidam in the Clouds. 

Hence Quida'mity, an allusion to ' somebody'. 

1892 Athenaeum 9 July 65/1 A retort lay ready to his hand 
more effective than any indulgence in quidam-\\\*.*. 

tQui'ddany,^. Obs. Also 7 quiddanet,-onie, 
quidenie, 7*8 quiddeny, -ony, 8 quidony. [ad. 
obs. F. codignat, condoignac, etc. (mod.F. cotignae, 
It. cotognato) = med.L. codoniatum, var. of cydoni- 
atum, f. L. cydonia : see QUINCE, and cf. CODINIAC, 
COTINIATE, QUINDINIAC,] A thick fruit-syrup or 
jelly ; orig. and properly, one made from quinces. 

i6i6BuLLOKAR^-. Expos.iQwddanet, a sweete mixture 
thicker than a sirupe, and not so thicke nor stiffe as marma- 



until! it be as thicke as for quiddonie. 1695 WESTMACOTT 
Script. Herb. 203 Sloes in the form of a Quiddeny, or 
Marmalade. 171* tr. Poinet's Hist. Drugs I. 133 It is us'd 
in Rob or Quiddony, made with Damask-Rose- Water. 1736 
BAILEY Housek. Diet. 494 Quiddany of Quinces. 

Hence ) Qni'ddany v. trans., to make into a 
quiddany. (In quot.ySjf.) 

1647 WARD Simf. Cobler 18 He will .. Quidanye Christ 
with Sugar and Rats-bane. 

Qurddative, a. rare, [For quidditative ; cf. 
qualitive, quantitive.} = QUIDDITATIVE. 

1642 }, JACKSON Bk. Conscience 18 Find out the very 
quiddative nature and being of Conscience. 1727 41 
CHAMBERS Cycl. s.v. Quiddity, What is essential to a thing 
is said to be quiddative as quiddative knowledge. 1898 
Dublin Rev. Oct. 299 The quiddative unity of things. 

Quiddenie, -eny, varr. QUIDDANY. 

Qurdder, (? a. and) adv. Sc. rare. [Cf. Norw. 
dial, kvidra to dart about.] Only in phr. quick and 
quidder, quickly, forthwith. 

In first quot. perh. as adj. = ' alive and lively '. 

1633 Fife Witch-Trial in Statist. Ace. Scot!. XVIII. 658 
He gave her, soul and body, quick and quidder full to the 
devil. 1866 EDMONDSTON Gloss. Stietl. 4- Orkn^Quick-and- 
Quidder, swiftly, quickly. 

Quiddist : see QUID j/).l 3, quot 1882. 

Quiddit (kwi'dit). Now arch. = QUIDDITY a. 

1592 GREENE Ufst.Courtierln Harl. Misc. (Malh.) II. 232 
These lawiers haue . . such quibs & quiddits. a 16x3 OVER- 
BURY A Wife, etc. (1638) 188 He makes his Will in forme of 
a Law-case, full of quiddits. 1635 HEYWOOD Hierarch. iv. 
202 He .. Stretches each Quiddit of the Law to finde Him 
culpable. 1838 HOR. SMITH Tor Hill 11. 221 Rhyming 
couplets, quirks, quiddits and riddles. 1855 BROWNING Old 
Fief. Florence xx, The first of the new . . Beats the last of 
the old ; 'tis no idle quiddit. 

f Qui'dditative, a. Obs. [f. QDIDDIT-Y + 
-ATIVE. See also QUIDDATIVE.] 

1. Pertaining to the quiddity or essence of a thing. 
1650 CHARLETON Paradoxes 9 The quidditative and 

peculiarly expresse causes of all those admirable effects of 
the Loadstone. 1656 [? J. SERGEANT] tr. T. White's Peripat. 
Inst. 220 The quidditative notion of an Element, 

2. Full of equivocations, quirky. 

1611 COTGR., Quidditatif, quidditatiue, doubtful!, obscure, 
full of quirkes, fraught with quiddities. 1637 GILLESPIE 
Eng. Pot. Crrem. \. ix. 3r A weak and easily penetrable 
hedge of some quidditative Cautions. 

Hence f Qui'dditatively adv. 

ci6ooTimon iv. iii. (1842) 66 The moone may bee taken., 
either specificatiuely, or quidditatiuely, or superficially, or 
catapod tally. 

Quiddity (kwrditi). [ad. schol. L. quidJitas : 
see QUID si>.l and -ITY ; so F. qiriddilt (I4th c.).] 

1. The real nature or essence of a thing; that 
which makes a thing what it is. 

1569 J. SANFORD tr. Agriffa's Van. Aries 2r The true 
demonstration . . is that whiche is made (as the Logitioners 

8 



QUIDDLE. 



Vita Sana x. 106 These notions being too.. remote from 
the quiddity, essence and spring of the Disease. 17x0 
BERKELEY Princ. Hum. Knowl. 81 The positive abstract 
idea of quiddity, entity, or existence. 1828 DE QUINCEY 
Rhetoric Wks. 1862 X. 76 The quiddity, or characteristic 
difference, of poetry as distinguished from prose. 1897 S. S. 
SPRIGGE Life of T. Wakley xiii. 125 The quiddity of each 
attitude was the desire to curtail the privileges of the hospital 
surgeons. 
b. Something intangible. rare~ l . 

1774 BURKE Sf. Amer. Tax. Wks. 1842 I. 158 Fighting 
for a phantom ; a quiddity ; a thing that wants, not only 
a substance, but even a name. 

2. A subtlety or captious nicety in argument; 
a quirk, quibble. (Alluding to scholastic argu- 
ments on the 'quiddity' of things.) 

1539 TAVERNER Card. Wysed. I. 18 b, [He] must nat playe 
with hys sophemes and quyddities. 1579 FULKR Heskins' 
Parl. 475 Hee saith hee will not vse the quiddities of the 
schooles, but plaine examples. 1678 R. BARCLAY Apol. 
Quakers 12. 371 To find out and invent subtile Distinctions 
and Quiddities. 1731 Plain Reas.for Presbyi. Dissent. 138 
The most honest cause is often run down with the torrent 
and speat of law-quirks and quiddities. 1807 W. IRVING 
Salt/tag. (1824) 33, I humbly solicit . . A quiddity, quirk, or 
remonstrance to send. 1877 C. GEIKIE Christ xxv. (1879) 
281 Their .. quiddities and quillets, and casuistical cases. 

Comb. 1863 DE MORGAN Pref. in From Matter to Spirit 
40, I went back to the old quiddity-mongers. 

b. Subtlety (of wit); ability or tendency to 
employ quiddities. 

1600 W. WATSON Decacordon (1602) 140 How shall euer 
those come in heauen, that haue neither quatitie of body to 
get it., nor quidditie of wit to keepe it? 1881 W. S. GILBERT 
Patience, To stuff his conversation full of quibble and of 
quiddity. 1884 R. BUCHANNAN in Pall Mall G. 16 Apr., With 
the intellectual strength and bodily height of an Anak, he 
possessed the quiddity and animal spirits of Tom Thumb. 

Quiddle (kwi-d'l), sb. dial, and U. S. [f. 
QUIDDLE .] A fastidious person. 

1856 EMERSON Eng. Traits vi. 108 The Englishman is 
very petulant and precise about his accommodation . . a 
quiddle about his toast and his chop [etc.]. 

Quiddle (kwi-d'l), v. Now chiefly dial, and 
U.S. [Of obscure origin : cf. twiddle, fiddle] 

1. intr. a. To discourse in a trifling way. 

1567 EDWARDS Daman $ Pithias in Hazl. Dodsley IV. 81 
Set out your bussing base, and we will quiddle upon it. 1587 
FLEMING Contn. Holinshed III. 1275/2 Which name of the 
Marishes, Marshes, or Moores, if it like them to expound it, 
as I doubt not but manie will quiddle therevpon. 1863-70 
[see QUIDDLING]. 
b. To trifle, waste time (witK). 

1832 in WEBSTER, a 1877 in J. Cook Orthodoxy iv. (1882) 
81 Don't quiddle with the goody little notes to Gibbon by 
Milman and others. 

f 2. trans. To trifle or play with. Obs. 

a 1652 BROME City Wit in. i. Wks. 1873 I. 311 Cras. How 
does she feel your hand? Lin, O, she does so quiddle it, 
shake it, and gripe it ! 

Hence Qurddling- vol. sb. and ///. a. Also 
Qnfddler, a trifler. 

1832 in WEBSTER. 1860 EMERSON Cond. Life iv. (1861) 92 
Neither will we be driven into a quiddling abstemiousness. 
'Tis a superstition to insist on a special diet. 1863 W. 
PHILLIPS Speeches vii. 181 Lawyers, bound by quiddling 
technicalities. 1870 H. STEVENS Bibl. Histor. Introd. 14 
He indulged in . . bibliographical quiddling about the 
mechanical and manufacturing points of the books. 

Quiddonie, -y, variants of QUIDDANY. 

tQuide. Obs. Forms: I owyde, 1-2 owide, 
3 quede, quefce, 3-4 quide, 4 qwede. [OE. 
cwide (cwyde) = OS. quidi, OHG. quidi, chwiti, 
etc., ON. kviSr verdict :-OTeut. *kwi(K-z, f. the 
root *kwep- to say, QUETHE.] 

1. A saying, speech, statement. 

1:888 K. ALFRED Boeth. in. 4 Is bis nu se cwide be bu 
me geo saedest ? c 1080 O. E. Chron. (Parker MS.) an. 1070 
Se ar'h . . mid strangan cwydan bset ylce ^efaestnode. c 1205 
LAY. 9141 Hit wes Jare iqueSen. pa quides beoS nu soSe. 
a 1250 Oivl Sf Night. 685 Alvered seide of olde quide [etc.]. 
b. A promise, rare '. 

CI2SO Gen. r Exod. 1463 He bad god. .Sat he sulde fillen 
oat quede, oe he abraham quilum dede. 

2. A will, legacy, bequest. 

950 in Thorpe Diplom. 500/1 Dis is Byrhtrices & .dElfswySe 
his wifes nihsta cwide. pe hi cwzdon . . on heora ma^a 
gewitnesse. 01050 Liber Scintill. xliv. (1889) 146 On 
cwyde pinum laef (jearfum. c 1205 LAY. 14857 Ich for^iue 
selchere widewe hire lauerdes quide. 13.. K. Alts. 8020 
To have theo kyngis qwede, Muche bataile was heom myde. 

Quidenie, variant of QUIDDANY. 

Quider, obs. form of WHITHEB. 

t Quidi-fical, a. Obs. rare 1 , [f. QUID sfi.l + 
-(I)FIC + -AL.] Quibbling, captious. 

1542 UDALL Erasm. Apoph. 124 Diogenes mockyng suche 
quidincal! trifles saied [etc.). 

Quidighe, var. CUDDYI. (See QUIDRATBE.) 

t Quidlit, obs. var. of (or misprint for) QUIDDIT 
or QUILLET. (In quot. atlrib.~) 

1598 GILPIN Skial., Satyr n. 43 Then whats a wench but 
a quirke, quidlit case, Which makes a Painters pallat of 
her face ? 

Quidnunc (kwi-dnrjk). [f. L. quid what + 
nunc now.] One who is constantly asking : ' What 
now ? ' ' What's the news ? ' ; hence, an inquisitive 
person ; a gossip ; a newsmonger. 



58 

1709 STEELE Taller No. 10 p 2 The Insignificancy of my 
Manners . . makes the Laughers called me a Quid Nunc. 
1782 COWPER Wks. (1837) XV. 126 Acknowledge, now. . that 
1 should make no small figure among the quidnuncs of 
Olney. 1832 W. IRVING Alhambra II. 95 He was a sort of 
scandalous chronicle for the quid-nuncs of Granada. 1874 L. 
STEPHEN Hours in Library (1892) I. x. 352 Some wretched 
intrigue which had puzzled two generations of quidnuncs. 

attrib. 1880 iqfA Cent. VII. 191 Not for the mere grati- 
fication of quidnunc curiosity. 

Hence Qnid-nunc-ism, Quidnunckery, curio- 
sity, love of news or gossip, nonce-wets. 

1804 in Spirit Put. Jrnls. VIII. 93 His attachment to 
quidnunckery is as constant as ever. 1847 J. CAIRNS Let. 
in Life xi. (1895) 281 The ne plus ultra of disappointed 
religious quid-nunc-ism. 

Quidony, variant of QUIDDANY. 

II Quid pro quo (kwid pi 6* kwou) , sl>. [L. quiil 
something, pro lor, quo (abl. of quid} something.] 

1. One thing in place of another ; trig, and esp. 
one medicinal substance used for another, either 
intentionally, fraudulently, or by mistake. 

1565 CALFHILL Answ. Martiall 32 b, A leude Apoticarie, 
that vnderstandeth not his bil, but giueth Quid pro Otto. 
1601 HOLLAND Pliny II. A vj b, Succedan, that drug which 
may be used for default of another. The Apothecaries 
call such Quid fro quo. 1654 R. WHITLOCK Zootomia 
60 The Apothecaries themselves, both take, and receive 
(from Herbe-women) Quid pro Quo, one thing for another, 
many, many Times. 1738 STEWARD in Phil. Trans. XL. 
449 A Mistake .. and a putting of quid pro quo (as 'tis 
commonly express'd). 1804 Edinb. Rev. III. 416 Referring 
the proximate cause of this disease to a deficiency of azote 
is only substituting quid pro quo, 

b. The action or fact of using or putting one 
thing for another ; the result of this ; a mistake or 
blunder consisting in such a substitution. 

1679 EVERARD Discourses 35 A Capital quid pro quo of 
Estate of the most part of the Potentates of Europe. 1687 
MIEGE Grt. Fr. Diet., Quitt-pro-quo or mistake, tin Qui 
pro quo. 1717-41 CHAMBERS Cycl. s.v. Quid. A northern 
physician, in a printed thesis on quid pro quo's, owns in- 
genuously, that they are very frequent. 18*4 LADY MORGAN 
Salvator Rosa I. v. 263 He .. produces the most ludicrous 
quid pro quo's by misapplied erudition, witty absurdities, 
and naive questions. 1843 THACKERAY Misc. Essays (1885) 
44 A laughable quid pro quo .. occurred to him in a con- 
versation. 

t C. One who assumes a false character. Obs. 

1689 HiCKER!NGlLL,fl/<W//7HiVfVx ii. loHave we ru>t still 
. . some (Quid pro quo's, amongst us) Papists in Masquerade ? 

2. One thing (or action) in return or exchange 
for another ; tit for tat. 

1591 SIIAKS. i Hen. VI, v. iii. 109, I cry you mercy, 'tis 
but Quid for Quo. 1608 MIDDLETON Mad World II. iv. 44 
Let him trap me in gold, and I'll lap him in lead ; quid pro 
quo, 1705 HICKERINGILL Priest-cr. iv. (1721) 206 Every 
Church is the Old-Exchange, Spiritual Things in exchange 
for Carnal Things ; Heaven for Earth ; QuidproQuo. 1717 
BOYER Diet. Royal II. s.v. Quid. To give one Quid-pro- 
quo (or tit for tat). 1820 COMBE Dr. Syntax 11. xxix. (1869) 
167, I shall be able . . to bestow What you will find a quid 
pro quo. 1871 M. COLLINS Mrq. If Merck. 1 1. ix. 276 The 
tradesman gets his quid pro quo. 

attrib. 1861 T. A. TROLLOPE La Beata II. xvii. 187 
A system of conduct based on the theory of a quid-pro-quo 
purchase. 

t Quidrathe. Obs. rare. Also -raighe. [Ir. 
cuid part, portion + rdithe quarter of a year.] A 
quarterly tax, payment, or entertainment. 

1570 in nM Rep. Dep. Kpr. Irel. 235 An Irish custom of 
10 sterling called quidrathe. 1591 in Acts Privy Council 
N.S. XXII. 564 Unlawfull taxacions of Iryshe customes as 
Quony, Quoshirs, Nightsupers called Quidighe, Quarter- 
supers called Quidraighe, Huerye for their horses or anie 
other like taxes. 

Quie, obs. form of QDET. 

t Quiell, obs. var. KEEL sb)- (after F. quille or 
Pg. quilha). 

1582 N. LICHEFILD tr. Castanheda's Conq. E. Ind. 336 
They have no quiell, but are flat-bottomed. 

fQuiennal. Obs. rare. In 4 qui-, quyenal. 
[For quinquennal, on anal, of BI-, TBIENNAI,, q. v.] 
A dispensation or indulgence for five years. 

1380 WYCLIF Stl. Wks. III. 398 Freris..mony times 
bringen veyne pardouns, quienals, and ober veyne privi- 
legies. Wkt. (1880) 66 To paie. .for pardons, quyenals, 
priuylegies, for assoilyngis of wowes, & many feyned iapis. 

Quier, obs. form of QCEER a? 

Quier(e, obs. forms of CHOIK, QUIRE sb) 

Quierie, obs. variant of querry EQTJERBY. 

Quiesce (kwai,e-s), v. [ad. L. quiesclre to be 
quiet, f. quits QDIET si.] 

1. intr. To become quiescent ; to subside into. 
1833 Wild Sports of West I. 27 Did tired nature quiesce 

for a moment, I was.. roused with a tornado of. .sounds. 
1888 HOWELLS Annie Kilbum xxx. 330 The village, after 
a season of acute conjecture, quiesced into . . sufferance of 
the anomaly. 

2. intr. Of a letter: To become silent; said of 
the feeble consonants in Hebrew when their sound 
is absorbed in that of a preceding vowel. 

i8a8 STUART Elem. Heb. Lang. (1831) 25 A moveable con- 
sonant is one which is sounded, and does not quiesce or 
coalesce. 1853}. R. WOLF Practical ffet. Gr. 8 The letters 
'ON are said to quiesce in the vowels after which they are 
placed. 

Quiescence (kwai,e-sens). [ad. late L. qui- 
escentia : see QUIESCENT and -ENCE.] The state of 
being quiescent ; quietness ; an instance of this. 



QUIET. 

a 1631 DONNE Lett. Ixxx. Wks. (ed. Alford) VI. 397 Bless 
them with a satisfaction and Quiescence. 1664 POWER 
Exp. Philos. Pref. n That there is no such thing in the 
World as an absolute quiescence. 1751 JOHNSON Rambler 
No. 137 F 2 To sleep in the gloomy quiescence of astonish- 
ment. 1812 WOODHOUSE Astron. xxitt. 239 The anomalous 
retrogradations and quiescences of the planets. 1830 LYELL 
Princ. of Geol. (1875) II. n. xxx. 177 The local quiescence 
or dormant condition of the subterranean igneous causes. 
1879 PROCTOR Pleas. IVays Sc. ii. 29 The usual condition 
of the air . . is one of motion, not of quiescence. 

b. spec, in Hebrew grammar : see QUIESCE v. 2. 

1828 STUART Elem. Heb. Lang. (1831) 54 Quiescence 
sometimes happens when the Evi would (by analogy) have 
a vowel. 1853 J. R. WOLF Practical Heb. Gram. 1x2 This 
quiescence consists in such letters losing their consonantal 
power when preceded by certain vowels. 

Quiescency (k\vai,e'sensi). [See prec. and 
-ENCY.] = QUIESCENCE. 

1649 BULWER Pathomyot. n. i, 82 To find a quiescency 
many Muscles working. 1664 POWER Exp. Philos. i. 70 
When the Animal Spirits are in Quiescency. 18x4 LANDOR 
Ima$.Conv.,Soutkey $ Porson Wks. 1853 I. 79/2 Much 
of this quiescency induces debility. 1881-3 SCHAFF Encycl. 
Relig. Knowl. I. 465 His Godhead . . was in a state of 
quiescency during his humiliation. 

Quiescent (kwsiie-sent), a. and sb. [a. ppl. 
stem of L. quiescfre to QUIESCE. So mod.F. 
quiescent^ A. adj. 

1. Motionless, inactive, at rest. 

1646 SIR T. BROWNE Pseud. Ep, 190 The active or moving 
side.. the weaker or more quiescent part. 1710 BERKELEY 
Princ. Hunt. Knowl. 114 A man m a ship may be said to 
be quiescent with relation to the sides of the vessel. 1753 
CHAMBERS Cycl. Suppl. App. s.v. Force ; The pressure of the 
quiescent body against the obstacle that hinders it to move. 
1812 WOODHOUSE Astron. i. 3 The pole, which is the place of 
a quiescent star. 1874 LUBBOCK prig. $ Met. Ins. iv. 63 
The quiescent and death-like condition of the pupa, 
f b. Quiescent reason^ the fallacy of sorites. 

1656 STANLEY Hist. Philos. vm. (i.) xxxii, Sorites .. is 
called also j\tjv\a.fy$v Aoyos, the quiescent reason, because 
the way to withstand it, is by stopping, and withholding the 
assent. 

2. Of a letter; Not sounded, silent; spec, in 
Hebrew grammar (see QUIESCE v. 2). Quiescent 
verbi (see quot. 1853). 

1609 C. BUTLER Fern. Mon. (1634) p. iv, The E silent or 
quiescent, which yieldeth no sound. 1711 J. GREENWOOD 
Eng. Gram. 301 Other Letters . . are quiescent or silent. 
1807 G. CHALMERS Caledonia I. i. iv. 160 The Irish Raths 
have the same origin, the [th] being quiescent. 1807 HUR- 
WITZ_ Elem. Heb. Lang. 101 According to the system of 
reading by points, the letters *1 JTN are in many instances 
quiescent. 1853 J- R * WOLF Practical Heb. Gram, in 
Quiescent verbs are those in which one of the feeble letters 
*1 7T N occurs as a radical letter. 
b. Of a person : Silent, not speaking, rare. 

1791 BOSWELL Johnson an. 1784. 17 May, Johnson was 
very quiescent to-day. 

B. sb. 1. A quiescent letter. 

1717 in BAILEY, vol. II. 1807 HURWITZ Elem. Heb. Lang. 
134 Whenever a letter is written and not pronounced, it is 
called by Hebrew Grammarians.. an invisible quiescent, or 
a mute. 1831 LEE Hebr. Gram. (1832) 36 The. .letters, 
considered either as consonants or quiescents, will occasion- 
ally be changed for one another. 1882-3 F. BROWN in Schaff 
Encycl. Relig Knowl. I. 583/1 The weaker Shemitic gut- 
turals and the quiescents. 

2. A quiescent verb (see 2 above). 

1831 LEE Hebr. Gram. (1832) 222 We do not think it 
necessary here to divide these verbs into Defectives and 
Quiescents as has usually been done. 

Quiescently, adv. [f. prec. + -LY2.] In a 
quiescent manner ; at rest ; in repose. 

1805 FOSTER Ess. 11. iii. 146 Quiescently regarding the 
conclusions. 1887 Twin Soul I. xiii. 131 They float 
quiescently upon the fleecy clouds. 

t Quie'SCeous, a. Obs. rare- 1 . [irreg. f. 
QOIESCE v. + -CDS.] Belonging to quiescence. 

1688 R. HOLME Armoury u. 388/2 The Sense of Ease and 
Rest. .it shall be termed The Quiesceous sense. 

Quiese, obs. form of QUEEST, wood-pigeon. 

Quiet (kwai-et), sb. Also 4-6 quyet(e, quiete, 
7 quiett. [ad. L. quiet-, stem of quies rest, repose, 
quiet. An AF. quiete may have existed beside 
quiett QUIETY.] 

1. Absence of disturbance or tumult ; peaceful - 
condition of affairs in social or political life. 

13 . . Cursor M. 29341 (CptU Galba), [Cursed] er bai bat . . 
robbes or reues on ani side, Whare pese and quiet suld 
bityde. *375 Sc. Leg, Saints iii. (Andrew) 519 pe quyet 
of our lord Inesu, luk in vnreste je turne nocht now. 1470-85 
MALORY Arthur xx. xvii, In this realme wyll be now no 
quyete but euer stryf and debate. 1542-3 Act 34 $ 35 Hen, 
K//7, c. 27 119 Lawes and ordinaunces Tor the., good quiet 
of his saide dominion of Wales. 1651 HOBBES Leviath. iv. 
xlvi. 380 To whom the care of the Publique quiet is com- 
mitted. 1763 BURKE Corr. (1844) ! 43 W ^V is not the 
nation's quiet secured, and its independance asserted ? 1874 
BANCROFT Footpr. Time \. 104 A long period of almost 
absolute quiet followed the establishment of the empire. 

personified. 1590 SPENSER F. Q. i. i. 41 Carelesse Quiet 
lyes, Wrapt in eternall silence farre from enimyes. 1632 
MILTON Penseroso 45 Join with thee calm Peace, and 
Quiet, Spare Fast, that oft with gods doth diet. 1754 GRAY 
Pleasure 53 Humble quiet builds her cell. 

b. Absence of noise or (rapid) motion ; calm- 
ness, stillness. 

a 1400 Stockh. Medical MS. ii. 382 in Anglia XVIII. 316 
Ageyn cowrs of watyr wyll he flete, 5if be water renne in 
good quiete. 1602 MARSTON Antonio s Rev. i. i. Wks. 
1856 I. 73 No breath disturbs the quiet of the ayre. 1816 



QUIET. 

SHELLEV A lastor 393 A smooth spot Of glassy quiet mid 
those battling tides Is left. 1867 SMILES Huguenots Eng. 
iii. (1880) 51 It was only the quiet that preceded the out- 
break of another storm. 

2. Freedom from external disturbance, molesta- 
tion, interruption, or noise; f freedom from work 
or occupation ; rest, repose. 

1340 HAMPOLE Pr. Consc. 0128 Whare .ille ryghtwyse men 
salle won at ees, In ioyfufle quyete, and- rest, and pesu. 
1:1430 LYDG, Min. Poems (Percy Soc.) 249 Lat me nat reste 
nor have no quyete, Occupye my soule with spiritual travayl. 
1494 FABVAN Chron. vir. ccxxx. 156 This foresayd countesse 
.. with her sonne .. was in quyete of theyr countrey and 
castell. 1592 GREENE Conny catching\\\. 12 She seeing him 
laid in bed . . commits him to his quiet. 1638 R. BAKER tr. 
Balzac's Lett. (vol. II) 26, I have too much care of my own 
quiet, to goe about to trouble his. 1749 FIELDING Tom 
Jones vin. xi, An arrant vixen of a wife soured his domestic 
quiet. 1865 HOOK Lives Abps. III. 301 It often happens 
that a man, turbulent in his youth, will make great sacrifices 
to procure peace and quiet in his old age. 

//. 1650 WELDON Crt. Jus. /, 185 More beneficial! to the 
Subjects in respect of their quiets. 

b. Freedom from mental agitation or excitement; 
calm or peace of mind. 

a. 1628 PRESTON New Caut. (1634) 421 As wondrous quiet 
and peaceable ness, and calmness m the heart. 1688 LADY 
R, RUSSELL Lett. I. Ixxi. 156 Such letters as yours, Sir, 
do not disturb my quiet. 1726 SWIFT Corr. Wks. 1841 II. 
586 An accident that must be so fatal to my quiet. 1840 
LADY C. BURY Hist, of Flirt vi, A matter that concerns 
my quiet. 

3. The condition of remaining quiet, of refraining 
from disturbance, hurry, exertion, etc. 

'559 Mirr. Mag.^Henry Vt^ vii, My mynde to quyet bent, 
had not bene tossed so. c 1586 C'TESS PEMBROKE Ps, cxxxi, 
None more [than me] for quiet might compare Ev'n with 
the babe. 1604 E. G[RIMSTONE] D Acosta's Hist. Indies v. 
v. 343 That God was a great Lord, who with great quiet 
and leasure performeth his workes. 1750 JOHNSON Rambler 
No. 74 P 12 Knowledge and genius are often enemies to 
quiet, by suggesting ideas of excellence. 1889 PATER G. de 
Latour (1896) 41 How becomingly .. that self-respecting 
quiet sat upon their high-bred figures. 

4. Freq. in phrases at, t *, and f out of quiet ', 
with vbs. of being, remaining, maintaining, etc. 

1377 LANGL. P. PI. B. i. 121 God .. garte the heuene to 
stekye and stonden in quiete. c 1450 tr. De Imitatione n. 
vi. 46 An evel conscience is euer dredful and oute of quiete. 
1533 FRITH Another Bk. agst, Rastell Prol. (1573) 61 
They could neuer be at quiet, .untill they had dronken his 
bloud. 1577 Test. XII Patriarchs (1604) 101 Bear your 
losses willingly, and be not out of quiet for it. 1699 BURNKT 
39 Art. \. (1700) 21 Every part of it is at quiet till it is put 
in motion. 1771 JEFFERSON Writ. (ed. Ford) II. 129 
Matters . .are too much in quiet to send you news from hence. 
1830 SCOTT Demonol. viii. 266 The country remained at 
quiet. 1886 STEVENSON Dr. Jekyll 54 Mr. Utterson began 
..to grow more at quiet with himself. 

f b. With adjs., esp. at (a) good (or better] quiet. 
1:1470 HENRY Wallace vin. 587 The ost he maid in gud 
quyet to be. 1603 KNOLLES Hist. Turks (1638) 62 The 
other Christian Princes also being at no better quiet. 165* 
COTTERELL Cassandra, iv. (1676) 68 He began to be at a little 
better quiet. i663PEPYS Diary y> June, Aly differences with 
my uncle Thomas at a good quiett, blessed be God ! 
Quidt (kwai'et), a. Forms: 4-7 quyet, (4-6 
-te, 6 -tt), 5 quiete, 6 quyat, quyit, queat, 8 Sc. 
quait, 6- quiet, [a. OF. quiete or ad. L. quietus, 
pa. pple. to quiSscere to come to rest, f. root of 
quits rest, QUIET sb. The popular Fr. form coi is 
represented by COY a."] 

I. 1. Of persons (or animals) : Making no stir, 
commotion, or noise ; causing no trouble or disturb- 
ance ; remaining at rest ; not moving or acting. 

1382 WYCLIF i Thess. iv. n We preyen ?ou . . that }e be 
quyet, and do joure nede. 1560 DAUS tr. Sleidanc's Comm. 
277 b, Obteyne of the Clergie, that they wyll be quiet, tyll 
suche tyme as the other States